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Full text of "Indiana and Indianans: A History of Aboriginal and Territorial Indiana and the Century of Statehood"

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INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



A HISTORY OF ABORIGINAL AND TERRITORIAL 

INDIANA AND THE CENTURY OF 

STATEHOOD 



JACOB PIATT DUNN 

AUTHOR AND EDITOR 



VOLUME IV 



THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 
1919 



Copjright, 1919 
THE AMERICAN HI8T0BICAL SOCIETY 




) 



.* « 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Okn. Jeffkrhon C. Davis. One of the 
moHt diHtinfruifthed IndiananA who made 
military life his profession was Gen. Jef- 
ferson C. Davis, who first volunteered his 
services to the profession of arms at the 
outbreak of the war with Mexico, and was 
a member of the regular army thereafter 
for thirty years. 

He was bom in Clark County, Indiana, 
March 2, 1827. He was of an old Ken- 
tucky family. His (grandparents, William 
and Charlotte Davis, died in Kentucky, 
the former in 1840, at the age of sixty- 
seven, and the latter on May 6, 1851. Wil- 
liam Davis, Jr., father of General Davis, 
was bom July 29. 1800, and died March 21, 
1879. He marrie<l Marv Drummond, who 
was bom June 24, 1801, and died Novem- 
ber 24, 1881. Their children were: Jef- 
ferson C. ; James W., bom February 24, 
1829, died Octol)er 12, 1906; John, bom 
December 27, 1830. died May 6, 1859; Jo- 
seph, born November 14, 1832, die<i Au- 
gust 6, 1867; (teorge, l>om November 21, 
1834, die<l in March, 1901; William, born 
March 5, 1838, died November 25. 1910; 
Matilda Anne, bom September 5, 1841, 
died July 19, 1890; Thomas Benton, bom 
August 22, 1844, died in October, 1911. 
Joseph, George and William all also served 
in the Civil war, and Dr. Thomas Davis 
was contract surgeon in the regular army. 

Jefferson C. Davis spent his boyhood 
days near Charlcfrton in Clark County, In- 
diana, on his father's farm. His military 
genius w*as inherited from a military an- 
cestry', some of his forefathers having 
fought in the Indian wars of Kentucky. 
While a school boy in Clark County attend- 
ing a seminary he heard of the declaration 
of war with Mexico, and enlisted in Colo- 
nel lisne's Indiana Regiment. For |^- 
lant conduct at the batUe of Buena Vista 
he was made second lieutenant of the First 



Artillerj' June 17, 1848. He became a first 
lieutenant in the regular army in 1852. 
In 1H5H h«» was assigned to duty in the 
garrison at Fort Sumter, South Carolina. 
Al)out three years later he was with that 
garrison when Major Anderson consoli- 
dated the forces in (,'harleston Harbor at 
Fort Sumter, and General Davis was of- 
ficer of the guard when the first shot whis- 
tled over the fort April 12. 1861, this be- 
ing the first shot fired by the Confederates, 
the act that precipitated the long and 
costly Civil war. For this service he re- 
ceived a medal from the New York Cham- 
ber of Commerce, one of these m^allions 
being presenteil to each of the defenders. 
In May, 1861, General Davis was pro- 
moted to a captaincy and was given leave 
of absence to raise the Twenty-second In- 
diana Volunteers. As colonel of the regi- 
ment he saw active service in the Missouri 
campaign, participating in the battles of 
Ivcxington. Bmuiville and Blackwater, and 
later at Pea Ridge, Arkansas. In Decem- 
ber, 1861, he was promoteil to command of 
a brigade, and was under General Fremont 
and later under Generals Hunter and 
Pope. For services rendered at Milford, 
Missouri, December 18, 1861, when he aided 
in captiiring a supeHor force of the enemy 
and a large quantity of military supplies, 
he was made brigadier general of volun- 
teers. At the battle of Pea Ridge he com- 
manded one of the four divisions of Gen- 
eral Curtis' army. He was also at the siege 
of Corinth, and was then assigned to the 
Army of the Tennessee. He led his old 
division of the Twentieth Army Corps into 
the fight at Stone River, and for his bravery 
was recommended by General Rosecrans 
for major general. In 1864 he commanded 
the Fourteenth Corps of Sherman's army 
in the Atlanta campaign, and in the march 
from Atlanta to the sea. In 1865 a brevet 



1563 



1564 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



major generalship was given him, and he 
was made colonel of the Twenty-third In- 
fantry in the regular army July 23, 1866. 

After the war he was employed as an 
army reorganizer, and was sent to the 
Pacific coast, and from 1868 to 1871 was 
commander of the military forces in the 
newly purchased Territory of Alaska. 
While in Alaska he resided with Price 
Maksutoff, who gave him valuable aid in 
understanding characteristics of that 
country. On several occasions Qeneral 
Davis was consulted by Governor Seward, 
who left everj'thing to General Davis* 
judgment. 

In 1873, after the murder of General 
Canby by the Modoc Indians in the lava 
beds of northern California, General Davis 
took command of the forces operating 
against them and in a remarkably short 
time compelled the Modocs to surrender. 
During the last years of his life he was in 
command of the Twenty-third Infantry 
and he died in Chicago while in line of 
duty November 30, 1879. 

General Davis married Miss Mariette 
Woodson Athon, of Indianapolis, daughter 
of Dr. James S. Athon. A niece, Ida 
Davis Finley, resides at 2038 New Jersey 
Street, Indianapolis. 

John Carlisle Davis, M. D., is a suc- 
cessful physician and surgeon and has been 
in active practice at Logansport for the 
past eight years. 

He was born in Jeflferson Township, Cass 
County, Indiana, September 22, 1884, son 
of George B. and Minnie (Cullen) Davis. 
His parents are both natives of Indiana 
and are still living. Doctor Davis, one of 
four children, received most of his literary 
education in the Anderson High School. 
In 1909 he graduated from the Medical 
Department of Indiana University, and 
during the following year served as an 
interne in the Deaconess Hospital. He lo- 
cated at Logansport in 1910 and rapidly 
won his way to favor and the enjoyment 
of a large peneral practice. He is a mem- 
ber of the Indiana Medical Society and is 
very prominent in Masonry, being affiliated 
with the Lodge, Chapter. Council. Knights 
Templar and Mystic Shrine. He is also 
an Odd Fclow. is a democratic voter and 
a member of the Logansport Chamber of 
Commen-e. February 22. 1911, Doi'tor 



Davis married Georgia Masters. Mrs. 
David died March 4, 1917. 

Rev. John Cavanaugh, C. S. C, D. D. 
Appreciation of Dr. John Cavanaugh 's 
many graceful and eminent qualities is by 
no means confined to the Catholic people 
or that great body of students who have 
known him as teacher and administrative 
head of the University of Notre Dame. As 
preacher and lecturer and speaker at num- 
berless formal and informal occasions Dr. 
Cavanaugh has probably been heard in 
every important town and city of America. 

Doctor Cavanaugh was born at Leetonia, 
Ohio, May 23, 1870, son of Patrick and 
Elizabeth (O'Connor) Cavanaugh. Twen- 
ty years later, in 1890, he was graduated 
with his Bachelor's degree from the Uni- 
versity of Notre Dame. In the meantime 
he had attended parochial schools at Lee- 
tonia and entered Notre Dame in 1886, at 
the age of sixteen. He continued at the 
university as a student of theology, and 
was ordained priest April 21, 1894, and 
said his first mass in his native town of 
Leetonia. The degree Doctor of Divinitjr 
was conferred upon him by Ottawa Uni- 
versity. 

Since 1894 Doctor Cavanaugh 's primary 
interests have been identified with his alma 
mater. He was associate editor of the Ave 
Maria Magazine from 1894 to 1905, and at 
the same time was professor of Freshmen 
English. He was promoted to professor 
of Senior English and had that work until 
1898. In that year he was appointed rec- 
tor of Holy Cross Seminary at Notre Dame, 
w^here the priests of his order are trained. 
He was rector and superior of the semi- 
nary from 1898 to 1905. In July, 1905, 
he was elected president of the university. 

His big work in the past fourteen years 
has of course been directing and adminis- 
tering the affairs of this institution, one 
of the foremost universities of Indiana 
and the Middle West. His great capacity 
for work and energy have, however, en- 
abled him to do much of a formal literary 
character and as a public speaker. He 
has written a number of magazine articles 
and is author of * * The Priests of the Holy 
Cross.'* published in 1905. Many of his 
speeches cover patriotic subjects. Doctor 
Cavanaugh has long been regarded as one 
of the indispensable guests at the annual 



! 



LVDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1565 



banquet of the Indiana Society of Chicago. 
He was preacher at the Pan-American 
man. Doctor Cavananc^ is a member of 
the Rotary, Indiana, University, Elnif e and 
Fork and the Round TaUe clubs of South 
Bend. In politics he is independent and 
has often exercised an important influence 
toward the amelioration of political and 
social conditions. He is a member of the 
Rhodes Scholarship Commission for In- 
diana and also of the Indiana Historical 
Commission. 

Walter QriNxo.v Gresham was bom 
near Lanesville, Indiana, March 17, 1832. 
Admitted to the bar in 1853, he became a 
successful lawyer, was elected to the Legis- 
lature in 1860, resigning in the following 
year to become lieutenant colonel of the 
Thirty-eighth Indiana Regiment. He was 
afterward brevetted major general of vol- 
unteers for his gallantry at Atlanta. 

After the close of the war Judge Greshara 
resumed practice at New Albany, Indiana. 
In 1869 he was made United States judge 
for the District of Indiana, resigning that 
office to accept the place of postmaster gen- 
eral in President Arthur's cabinet, and in 
1884 was transferred to the treasury port- 
folio. In October of the same year Judge 
Gresham was appointed United States 
judge for the Seventh Judicial Circuit. 

• 

Edward A. SicrrH. No city of its size in 
the country can claim better qualified or 
more honorable business men than Ander- 
son, where may be found prospering en- 
terprises in ever>' line, and in the lead of 
these are some that have been established 
within the past few years. An example 
to which attention may be called is the 
"Store for Men," a thoroughly modern, 
metropolitan concern owned and con- 
ducted by Edward A. Smith, a leading 
citizen of Anderson and alderman of the 
Second Ward. Mr. Smith has had wide 
mercantile experience here and at other 
points, is acquainted all over the state, 
conducts his large buainess with energy 
and efficiency and has reason to be proud 
of the stable reputation he has built up 
through honorable methods. 

Edward A. Smith was bom on his 
father*8 farm in Monroe Township, Madi- 
son Connty, Indiana, not far froni Alex- 
andria, September 11, 1872. His parents 



were William and Amanda (Eppard) 
Smith. This branch of the Smith family 
came many generations ago from England 
and settled first in North Carolina and, 
with pioneering spirit, later became identi- 
fied with the settlement of Indiana. The 
main business of the family as far back 
as records have been preserved show it to 
have been largely agricultural, law-abiding 
and patriotic. 

In boyhood Edward A. Smith attended 
the country schools but later attended 
school at Alexandria, four miles distant 
from his home, where he took a special 
teacher's course and was only eighteen 
years old when he received his certificate 
entitling him to teach school. Mr. Smith, 
however, never entered the educational field 
but continued to assist his father for sev- 
eral years longer and then came to An- 
derson with an ambition to enter business. 
In 1892 he secured a position with the 
Lion store, then owned by the firm of 
Kaufman & Davis, and during the eight- 
een months that he worked there picked 
up quite a bit of business knowledge and 
when he entered the employ of the firm of 
Blank Brothers, Anderson, was accepted 
as a salesman in their clothing establish- 
ment, and two years of mutual satisfao* 
tion followed. During the next three years 
he was a salesman with a clothing com- 
pany of Anderson and made such an ex- 
cellent business record that the company 
made him manager of their branch store 
at Elwood, and he continued there for 
two years. 

Mr. Smith returned then to Anderson 
and for the next fifteen months managed 
the home store of the above company. In 
the meanwhile he had been cherishing an 
ambition to go into business for himself, 
and when the opportunity came, on June 
22, 1903, in partnership with Harry M. 
Adams he purchased a bankrupt stock as 
a beginning, and the firm of Smith & 
Adams opened their clothing store at No. 
911 Main Street, where they remained 
until March, 1904, when removal was 
made to the west side of the Square, where 
the firm secured more pommodious quar- 
ters. On January 9, 1912, Mr. Smith pur- 
chased Mr. Adams' interest and has been 
sole proprietor since that time. In March, 
1915, he took possession of his present 
store building, and has one of the most de- 




1566 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



sirable business locations in the city. Mr. 
Smith is recognized as one of the city's 
progressive business men, and the thor- 
on^ly modern stock of goods he carries 
not only proves his good taste but his de- 
termination to provide suitable and up-to- 
date apparel for men residing at Ander- 
son and in the vicinity, offering so wide & 
choice that particular people have learned 
to rely upon his taste and good judgment 
in this line. His goods include a full line 
of men's wear exclusive of shoes. He is 
the sole agent for the Standard line of 
men's wear, and hia stock is so large that 
he occupies two whole floors and employs 
a large force of salesmen. His is the 
leading business of its kind at Anderson. 
Mr. Smith was married in September, 

1895, to Miss Lnra W. Welker, who is a 
daughter of George W. and Mrs. (Hurst) 
Welker. The father of Mrs. Smith, who 
is now deceased, was for many years chief 
of police at Anderson. Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith have two children, a son and daugh- 
ter, namely: George W., who was boru in 

1896, is a student in De Pauw University, 
and Colleen Jane, who is attending school 
at Greencastle, Indiana. Mr. Smith and 
his family belong to the Central Christian 
Church, Anderson. In politics Mr Smith 
in a republican and since youth has been 
an active and loyal party worker. He 
was elected alderman from the Second 
Ward with a handsome majority, performs 
his public duties carefully and is a valued 
member of the Chamber of Commerce. He 
belongs to Anderson lx>dge No. 77, Free 
and Accepted ^lasons, and at Mt. Moriah 
Commandery, and also to the Elks. 

Horace A.nson Comstock, It would 
scarcely be possible to do justice to the 
success am) (rood citizenship of Horace An- 
son Corostock in a few sentences or a few 
paragraph.1. Mr. Comstock has been a 
resident of Indianapolis over forty years, 
and his part as a pood and trxLstworthy 
citizen has l>ecn as conspicuous as the 
energy and success with which he has di- 
rcctwi his private business. 

Mr. Comstoi'k was bom at Davton. Ohio, 
September 29. If.'*, a son of Thomas C. 
and Margaret J. (Watson^ Comstock. His 
father was bom in New York Slate, and 
in 1857. soon after the birth of his son 
Horace, moved from Dayton. Ohio, to Har- 



Todsburg, Kentucky. He lived there, or 
did his best to maintain his residence in 
that community, until after the close of 
the Civil war. He was a manufacturing 
jeweler. When the war came on he was 
one of the nineteen Union men in Har rods- 
burg, and it is needless to recount the 
many persecutions imposed upon them and 
the constant threateoings of danger to 
which they were exposed on account of 
their loyalty to the old flag. Though Hor. 
aee A. Comstock was then a boy of six or 
seven years he has some vivid memories of 
war times. He recalls how his father took 
part in some raids to repel the notorious 
brigade of John Morgan. His father took 
several shots at General Morgan during hia 
raid. After the war the activities of the 
Ku Klux Klan drove the Comstock family 
away from Harrodsburg, and they made 
the journey suddenly and by means of a 
stage coach to Covington, Horace Com- 
stock has himself seen the Ku Klux Klan 
riding in a force more than 300 strong. 
Thomas C. Comstock was a witness at the 
trial of General John Morgan at Frank- 
fort, Kentucky. 

In 1873 the Comstock family removed to 
Indianapolis, where Thomas Comstock re- 
sumed his business as a manufacturer of 
jewelry until his death in 1886. His widow 
is still living, now aged eighty-five, and re- 
sides with her daughter, Mrs. James M. 
Blythe, in Springfield, Missouri. 

Horace A. Comstock attended common 
schools in Covington, Kentucky, up to the 
age of fifteen. He then went to work on 
the bench as an apprentice jeweler with 
William Wilson McGrew at Cincinnati. 
In 1873 he came to Indianapolis, worked 
for a time with W. P. Bingham as a 
jeweler, but from 1878 to 1884 was a part- 
ner with his father. In the latter year 
Mr. Horace A. Comstock established a 
jewelry store ou Illinois Street opposite 
the Bates House, and was afterwards for 
over twenty-five years on Washington 
Street, between Pennsylvania and Meri* 
dian streets. This business was discon- 
tinued April 1, 1915, and on the first of 
August of the same year Mr. Comstock 
organized the Auto Equipment Company, 
with a capital stock of $10,000. This is 
now one of the successful concerns of its 
kind in the city, located at fhc i'Orn(*r of 
Illinois and New York street*. Mr, Co 




INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1567 



Block is president uid general muuger, and 
Hr. Charles B. Fletcher is secretAry and 

treasurer. 

Mr. Comstock is a member of the Harion 
Club and is & republican in politics. He 
has the honor of tw'entj-flve years of con- 
tinuous memberahip in Indianapolis Lodge 
No. 56, Kiiifchts of Pythias. During the 
drive for both the Red Cross and Young 
Men's Christian Association campaigns for 
funds he was a member of the local solicit- 
ing teams. 

Mr. Comstock is a splendid example of 
the virile young old men active in business 
and taking a large and genuine intorent in 
all affairs that may develop lasting go<Hl 
to the community. In September of 1918 
Mr. Comstock motored to his old home in 
ilarroflsburg. just fifty years from the 
time he left there. He saw the same 
house, in ffood order, as though it had 
only been a few ycant. From the house he 
heard the booming of cannon at the battle 
of Perryville. Kentucky, only ten miles 
away, and was over thi.s battlefield three 
weeks afterward. 

WiujIAM a. Ri'BL'sti has played an ac- 
tive role in business affairs in and around 
Indianapolis for many years, and is still 
in the harness as a business man, being 
associated with his son in the manage- 
ment of a successful grocery house at 
^02 East Washington Street. 

Mr. Rubush was born at Indianapolis in 
1656. His birthplace was a house built by 
his father on what wa-i then known as 
the Nat ional Road . now Wash i n gton 
Street, at the comer of I^a Salle Street. 
He is a son of Jacob and £lizal>eth (Joyce) 
Rubush and a grandson of Alexander 
Rnbiuth, who was a minister of the United 
Brethren Church. Jacob Ruhush was bom 
in Virginia in 182:1 and was about nine 
years old when the family came from that 
state to what is now Clark Township of 
Johnson County, Indiana. The Rubush 
family settled here in 1832. Jacob Rubush 
had very slight educational advantages. 
since Indiana had no real public school 
qrstem when he was a boy. His success in 
life was a matter of self achievemen L He 
early learned brick nuking and brii 
ing, and his brick yard was the source 
of manofaetnrs for mnch of the brie 
in the c<m%trv-^~- of of t' oiu 




buildings at Indianapolis. He developed 
an extensive business as a contractor, and 
his specialty was the erection of gas plants. 
Indianapolis was a small town when he 
located on the National Road and built his 
home, and as a contractor he built the old 
Union Station at Indianapolis, and at one 
time was manager of the local gas plant. 
His work as a contractor was confined to 
no lo«^'al bounds, and really extended all 
over the country. At the beginning of 
the Civil war he lost his modest fortune 
and in 1H6:J accepted an opportunity prof- 
fered him by the pioneer Indianapolis 
banker, Stoughton Fletcher, who owned 
160 acres of land that is now within the 
city limits, to dear away the heavy timber 
from tliis land. Mr. Jacob Rubush oper- 
ated a saw mill for this purpose, and made 
much of the liiii)>cr up into lumber and the 
rest of it into cr>rdwoo<l. It proved a very 
profitable contract anil started him anew 
on a successful basincss career. He be- 
came owner of a fine farm at Acton, and 
he always took a great ileal of pride in this 
property. In 1871^ he was elected a county 
eominissioner, and that was hi.s chief polit- 
ical connection with the county, and it 
came without solicitation on his part. He 
was a strong abolitionist before the war, 
and when the war came on offered his 
services to the I'nited States Government, 
but they were not accepted. Jacob Rub- 
ush died in 1886, and at the time of his 
death was holding the office of deacon in 
the Presbyterian Church. Elizabeth 
Joj'ce. his wife, was bom in North Caro- 
lina in 1825 and was a small girl when 
her people moved to Johnson County, In- 
diana. She died in 1895. 

William A. Rubush attended the old 
First Ward school of Indianapolis and also 
some private schools and the public schools 
of Acton. At the ajre of seventeen he went 
to work, taking charge of the home farm 
at Acton. At the age of twentj'-three Mr. 
Rubush married Alice N. Fry, daughter 
of Shepler Fry. Mrs. Ruhush was born in 
Marion County. 

Soon after his marriage Mr. Ruhush 
moved west to Winfleld. Cowley County, 
Kansas, which was then almost out on the 
frontier. For two years he was engaged 
in business as a sheep rancher. On re- 
turning to Indiana he drove overland with 
a mule team. Near Acton he set up a 



1568 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



tile factory and out of the profis of that 
buamess boo^t his fine farm and for a 
number of seasons also operated a thresh- 
ing machine and shredder. In 1904 Mr. 
Rubush returned to Indianapolis, and at 
that time established his grocery store at 
2218 East Washington Street, and soon 
afterward bought his present location. Mr. 
Rubush is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church at Acton, is a republican and a 
worker in behalf of his party, and in the 
course of his active lifetime has acquired 
many substantial interests. He was one 
of the organizers of the Indianapolis Bak- 
ing Company, is a director of the Sanitary 
Cake Company, and owns a fine orange 
grove in Polk County, Florida. 

Five children have been bom to the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Rubush : 6. W., 
who is a successful physician at Indianap- 
olis; Blanche, wife of Charles Francis, of 
Adrian, Michigan; Cary E., partner with 
his father in the grocery' business; Fern 
and Only, both at home. 

Dick Moxer, a prominent figure in In- 
dianapolis financial circles, being president 
of the City Trust Company, is a lawyer 
by profession, and represents families that 
have been identified with Indiana for over 
a century. 

He was bom in Parke County, Indiana, 
January 12, 1871, son of James N. and 
Sarah A. (Snow) Miller. His grandfather 
was Tobias A. Miller, of Butler County, 
Ohio. Located in Franklin County, In- 
diana, in 1803 and moved to Parke County, 
Indiana, in 1817. Mr. Dick Miller's 
father was bom in 1827 and his mother 
in 1826. They lived together on the same 
farm in Parke County for fifty-eight years. 
James N. Miller died in 1908. He was a 
Methodist, was a greenbacker and later a 
Brj'an democrat, and he took the keenest 
interest in politics and in all public ques- 
tions. 

Dick Miller is the younpest of fourteen 
children, seven of whom are still living. 
He attendwl the common schools near the 
old farm when a boy, also a graded local 
school, and the Frien^ls Academy at Bloom- 
ingdale. l^ter he frra^luated from Indiana 
T'niversity and took his law course in the 
Indianapolis I'niversity Law School. He 
pra<'tice<l law in Torre Haute from April, 
1S07. to 1001. In 1897 he served as a mem- 



ber of the State Legislature one temu 
Since 1901 his home has been in Indianap* 
olisy where he has since been engaged in 
buying and selling of investment securi- 
ties. He was formerly a member of the 
firm Miller & Company^ and on January 
1, 1918, this business was absorbed by the 
City Trust Company, Mr. Miller going 
with the company as president and general 
manager of the investment department/ He 
is also chief owner of the Hogen Transfer 
and Storage Company, which has a capital 
investment of $200,000. He is president 
of the Business Men's Indemnity Com- 
pany. This is a company writing health 
and accident insurance. Mr. Miller is a 
Knight of Pythias and a Mason. 

June 28, 1906, he married Miss Cather- 
ine Trimble, of Indianapolis. 

* 

Fred J. Stimson, one of the promin^it 
operating officials of the Pennsylvania lines 
west of Pittsburg, is a veteran in railroad 
work, having begun as a chainman with 
a surveying party, and the greater part of 
his service was given the Grand Rapids 
and Indiana Railroad Company. He is 
now* division superintendent at Richmond 
for the P. C. C. & St. L. Railroad. 

Mr. Stimson was bom at Kalamazoo, 
Michigan, October 30, 1868, son of M. M. 
and Susan (Evans) Stimson. In the pa- 
ternal line his first American ancestor was 
George Stimson, who in 1676 settled in 
Massachusetts. His great-grandfather was 
a pioneer in Monroe County near Roches- 
ter, New York. M. M. Stimson at the 
age of twenty-one went to Michigan and 
was an axe man with the surveying party 
which laid out the route of the Michigan 
Central Railroad. After the Michigan 
Central was completed to Chicago he did 
civil engineering work for the Illinois Cen- 
tral Railroad, served as county surveyor 
of Kalamazoo County, and was division 
engineer of the Grand Rapids & Indiana 
Railroad and eventually chief engineer un- 
til 1884. when on account of failing health 
he retired to his farm and died there in 
1888. 

Fred J. Stimson was the youngest of a 
family of seveq children. He was bom 
on a farm, attended the public schools of 
Kalamazoo, graduated from high school in 
1886, and then entered the Kalamazoo Bap- 
tist College. Before graduating he left 



*>k 




INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1569 



college to take up railroad work as rear 
chainman, and was thus employed on dif- 
ferent surveys, being advanced in responsi- 
bility to chainman, rodman and in 1889 
was employed as clerk and rodman by the 
Orand Rapids & Indiana. In 1890 went to 
Colorado and was assistant engineer for the 
Colorado Midland Railroad with head- 
quarters at Colorado Springs, for two and 
a half years. In March, 1893, Mr. Stim- 
son became assistant roadmaster and later 
roadmaster on the Grand Rapids & In- 
diana, being located at Petoskey, Michigan, 
for six years. He was then transferred to 
Orand Rapids as roadmaster and remained 
in that position until 1904, in which year 
he became division engineer of the North- 
em Division of the Grand Rapids & In- 
diana. On July 1, 1915, he was transfer- 
red to Zanesville, Ohio, as superintendent 
of the 2^ne8ville Division of the Pennsyl- 
vania lines west of Pittsburg, and was 
transferred to his present post as division 
superintendent at Richmond in 1917. 

Jefferson Helm Claypool. Three years 
before Indiana Territory was admitted to 
the Union Newton Claypool, a native of 
Virginia, settled at Connersville, after a 
previous residence in Ross County, Ohio. 
With a residence in his state of more than 
a century the Claypool family has been 
represented chiefly in two of the oldest 
cities, Connersville and Indianapolis, but 
the distinguished talents of individual 
members in law, politics and business have 
made the name generally valued and known 
throughout the state. 

Newton Claypool, the founder of the 
family in Indiana, was a man of liberal 
education for his day, and possessing a 
remarkable degree of strong common sense 
he was naturally a leader in the pioneer 
community of Connersville. where he lo- 
cated in 1813. Several times he was 
honored with a seat in the Senate and 
House of Representatives. 

The second generation of the family was 
represented by Benjamin P. Claypool, who 
was bom at Connersville in Payette County 
December 12, 1825, and lived there until 
his death December 11, 1888. His instruc- 
tion in the public schools of Connersville 
was supplemented by private instruction 
nnder Professor Nutting, a prominent edu- 
cator who came from Mastachuaetta to In- 



diana in the early days of the state. From 
Professor Nutting he acquired a general 
knowledge of the branches usually taught 
in the seminaries of that time, including 
an acquaintance with the Latin and French 
languages. In the fall of 1843 he entered 
as a student Asbury, now DePauw, Uni- 
versity at Greencastle, and remained until 
the spring of 1845, leaving college before 
graduation. Among his fellow citizens he 
was especially known for his ability as a 
writer and speaker. He was peculiarly 
fortunate in the choice of his instructor in 
the law, Hon. 0. H. Smith, then the rec- 
ognized leader of the Indianapolis bar and 
one of the eminent pioneer lawyers of In- 
diana who are best remembered by the 
present generation. Benjamin F. Cla3i>ool 
was admitted to the bar in March, 1847, 
and soon afterward opened an office in his 
native town of Connersville. The Fayette 
C*ounty bar at that time contained some 
of the ablest lawyers in the state, and it 
was in competition with them that his in- 
dividual talents were developed, and in a 
few years his study, industry and close 
attention to business gave him rank among 
the foremost civil and criminal lawyers of 
Indiana. Most of the important cases in 
the surrounding counties' had him engaged 
on one side or the other, and the opinion 
of his contemporaries that he was one of 
the ablest lawyers of the state has been 
reenforced by the perspective of years. 
During the last century it was almost in- 
evitable that the able lawyer should wield 
a grreat influence in public affairs. Benja- 
min F. Claypool not only had the native 
talent of public leader but was a student 
of politics and of government all his life. 
He was a man of most emphatic convic- 
tions, fearless in their expression, always 
advocated whatever he thought was right 
regardless of consequences, and had none 
of the qualities and always refused to ex- 
ercise any of the arts of the demagogue. 
It is consistent with this character that he 
seldom sought an office. His original po- 
litical affiliations were with the whig party. 
He was one of the men who organized the 
republican party in Indiana, and in 1856 
served as a delegate to the Philadelphia 
Convention which nominated John C. Fre- 
mont for president. In 1864 he was a pres- 
idential elector in the Fifth Congressional 
EHstrict, and in 1868 one of the electors 




1570 



mOIANA AND INDIANANS 



for the state at large, canvassing the entire 
state in the interests of the republican 
party that year. In 1860 he was elected 
State Senator from the counties of Fayette 
and Union, and proved one of the invalu- 
able men to the state government in up- 
holding the names and purposes of its ex- 
ecutive administration and in favoring a 
vigorous prosecution of the war. The 
emergencies of the times called into the 
Legislature many able men, but even so 
Benjamin F. Glaypool was conspicuous in 
the Senate. In 1874 Mr. Claypool became 
republican candidate for Congress in the 
old Fifth Congressional District. His op- 
ponent on the democratic side was the 
Hon. W. S. Holman. Mr. Claypool made 
a brilliant canvass of his district, charac- 
terizetl by a series of joint debates with 
his distinguished adversary'. In that year 
the democrats swept almast everything 
before them in the congressional election, 
and it was one of those familiar reversions 
of public opinion in Indiana which was 
chiefly responsible for the defeat of Mr. 
Claypool. He was never again a candi- 
date for office, but was steadfast in his 
devotion to the principles and success of 
his party. 

As his work in this last campaign proved 
he was an especially ready debater, and an 
earnest, impassioned and logical speaker 
whether before a jury or in a political 
campaign. The later years of his life were 
divided between his profession and agri- 
culture. He owned a large body of im- 
proved land in Delaware County, and 
under his supervision it became noted as 
the home of many fine cattle. Benjamin 
F. Claypool was a highly successful man. 
whether measured from the viewpoint of 
his profession or as a financier and public 
leader. 

AugiLst 4, 1853. he married Miss Alice 
Helm, daughter of Dr. Jefferson Helm of 
Rushville, Indiana. Mrs. Claypool was a 
highly educated woman and contributed 
much to the successful career of her hus- 
band. She died in August, 1882. 

Of their four children the last survivor 
was the late Jefferson Helm Claypool of 
Indianapolis, distinguished as an attorney 
and capitalist, who died after a brief ill- 
ness January 22. 1919. He was l>om at 
Connersville August 15, 1856, was pre- 



pared for college in the public schools and 
under private teachers, and in 1870 en- 
tered Miami University at Oxford, Ohio. 
He was a student there three years and 
later was a member of the claas of 1875 in 
the University of Virginia at Charlottes- 
ville. In 1912 Miami University conferred 
upon him the honorary Master of Arts 
degree. He was a member of the Phi Beta 
Kappa and Delta Kappa Epsilon college 
fraternities. 

He prepared for the bar under the direc- 
tion of his gifted father at Connersville 
and was admitted to practice in 1887. Dur- 
ing the next ten years he and his father 
were in partnership, and with increasing 
experience the son handled the bulk of the 
great volume of practice committed to their 
care. In 1893 Mr. Claypool removed to 
Indianapolis, chiefly in order to keep in 
close touch with his real estate interests 
in the city. After that his activities were 
less professional and more connected with 
banking, farming and real estate develop- 
ment. 

Under the inspiration of his honored 
father he readily accepted the allegiance 
of the republican party and had several 
merited distinctions in politics. In 1889 
and 1891 he represented Fayette and Henry 
Counties in the General Assembly. For 
fourteen years he served on the State 
Board of Election Commissioners, and in 
the noted campaign of 1896 was chairman 
of the Advisory Committee of the Repub- 
lican State Central Committee. The late 
Mr. Claypool also had literarj' abilities, and 
was a frequent contributor to newspapers 
and magazines on public questions. Sk)me 
of his articles on account of their force 
and clearness of expression have been wide- 
ly copied^ 

In 1893 he married Mary Buckner Ross 
of Connersville. He was survived by Mrs. 
Claypool and their only son, Benjamin 
F., who graduated with the class of 1916 
from Miami University. This son at the 
time of his father's death was with the 
American armies in P>ance. By instruc- 
tions of the War Department General 
Pershing had him released from duty, and 
he returned to Indianapolis. 

Ja<;KPH Cates, who was a resident of 
Anderson from 1892 until his death, was 
a veteran business man of Indiana. His 




^^x^^^ 



,.,J 



J 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1571 



career covered more than half a century 
of activity along varied lines. He began 
with a mechanical trade, developed from a 
cabinet maker into a contractor and 
builder, and from that into a furniture 
merchant. Mr. Gates was in the furniture 
business during the greater part of the 
time he lived at Anderson, though with a 
man of his capacity it was only natural 
that his interests should become wide- 
spread. In his time he handled many 
acres of land in different states, was a 
large land owner, and had extensive prop- 
erty interests in Chicago and elsewhere. 
His business position at Anderson was as 
senior partner in Tates & Son, furniture 
merchants. 

Mr. Gates was born in 1849 at New Al- 
bany in Floyd County, Indiana, a son of 
Harney and Deliah (MH^ormack) Cates. 
He was of Welsh and Irish ancestrv. Mr. 
Cates had four brothers who served in the 
Civil war. Some of his ancestors fought 
as soldiers in the War of 1812 and also 
in the war of American independence. His 
people were pioneers in the Middle West. 
His great-grandfather, Albert Cates, do- 
nated the land on which was built the Vil- 
lage of Catestown in the State of Ten- 
nessee. 

Joseph Cates had very limited oppor- 
tunity to gain a libi^ral education when a 
boy. At the age of three he was left an 
orphan, and his total school attendance 
was hardly more than thirty days. lie 
was the adopte<i child of John and Sarah 
Cosurrove at Orleans in Orange County, 
Indiana, but at the age of twelve he l>egan 
learning the trade of cabinet maker with 
John Oakes, with whom he n»mained two 
years. He was practically master of that 
mechanical art at the ace of fourteen. He 
developeil his skill in this special line into 
a general knowledge of contracting and 
building. He spent a year and a half in 
that work with Joseph Morris, and a simi- 
lar time with Jacob Stephens. He was 
an industrious and skillful worker, thrifty 
in handling his financial affairs, and finally 
had enough capital to enable him to start 
in business for him.self. One of the secrets 
of his success is revealed in the fact that 
ver>- early in life he made a rule to save 
part of what he made every day, and as 
seldom a day went by that he did not 
make something, this rule in time brought 
him considerable capitaL At a bnildhig 



contractor Mr. Cates continued his work 
for a number of years, and most of his 
contracts were executed at Orleans in 
Orange county, at Bloomington in Monroe 
County, at Washington in Daviess County, 
and at Crawfordsville in Montgomery 
County. 

in 1868, during his young manhood, 
Mr. Cates went to the far West, to Cali- 
fornia, and spent a year as a contractor at 
Wrbb lianding in Tulare County. He 
then roturne<l to Indiana and located at 
Crawfordsville for eighteen months and 
after Kcvt'ral other locations he came to 
Anderson in I)e<'ember, 1892. Here he es- 
tablished a furniture store on North Main 
Street and six months later formed a part- 
nership with J. W. Johnson under the 
name Cates & Johnson. Their store was 
on Meridian Street for three and a half 
vears, at the end of which time Mr. Cates 

• 

bought his partner's interest and for six 
months was in business as (^ates & Canaday. 
Later he re-established a new store on 
Meridian Street, but after about three 
and a half years traded the store for 
407 acres of land in Union County 
near Mar>sville, Ohio. His next store was 
at the corner of Main and Eleventh streets, 
and after building it up to profitable pro- 
portions he traded it for 710 acres 
in Orange County. Mr. Cates repeated 
this experience several times, and his 
success in building up a growing and 
prosperous business has enabled him to 
sell out or trade to advantage, and in that 
way he acquired extensive land interests 
both in Indiana and in other states, includ- 
ing Arkansas. 

In 1908 Mr. Cates started in the furni- 
ture business at the present location, and 
carri«*d on the store largi*ly with the energ>' 
and assistance supplied by his son. At 
the same time he continued his operations 
in the buying and trading of lands. Ajnong 
his holdings at the time of his death were 
a thirtv-six apartment building known as 
the "Qlencader" on Ellis Avenue near 
Fortieth Street in Chicago. He also had 
considerable farm lands and city property 
at Anderson, and he owned the largest 
house furnishing store in Madison County. 

Mr. Cates was affiliated with the lodges 
of various fraternities at Anderson, includ- 
ing the Masons, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Improved Order of Red 
Men, the Tribe of Ben Hur and the Forest- 




1572 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ers. Politically he was a republican and 
a member of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Churct. 

On May 16, 1877, he married Miss 
Caroline Ratdiffe, and they enjoyed a 
happy married companionship of over 
forty years. Mrs. Gates is a daughter of 
Stephen and Mary Ratcliflfe. Three chil- 
dren were bom to their marriage, Oscar A., 
business partner with his father, married 
in 1905 Emma Clark, and they have two 
daughters, granddaughters of Mr. Cates, 
Caroline, bom in 1907, and Geraldine, bom 
in 1909. The daughter of Mr. Cates is 
Miss Dora Jane Cates. Another daughter, 
Mary, bom in June, 1883, died in in- 
fancy. 

**In the midst of life we are in death," 
is a sentence that applies peculiarly to the 
sudden end of this well known Anderson 
merchant. Enjoying extraordinary health 
for a man of his years, busy with afiEairs 
and the interests of his home, on March 8, 
1919, he fell on a snow and ice covered 
street in Anderson and 8u.stained injuries 
from which he died the following Monday, 
March 10th. He was buried in the Maple- 
wood cemetery at Anderson on March 13th. 
What his life and his death meant to the 
community was well expressed in the edi- 
torial columns of the Anderson Herald: 
"In the death of Joseph Cates one of the 
very interesting as well as one of the very 
successful merchants of the city passes 
away. Mr. Cates was a furniture mer- 
chant here for upwards of a score of years. 
In that time he built up a very large busi- 
ness, and through this and trading in real 
estate accumulated a considerable fortune. 
Mr. Cates* life was in his business and in 
his home. lie was rarely at public gather- 
ings and when in the city was all the time 
about his store. In his merchandising work 
he came in contact with a great mass of 
people, and there were thousands who re- 
pose<l full confidence in him. They recog- 
nized in him an unchanging sympathy with 
the working classes and success did not 
* change his head.' 

** Those who knew Joseph Cates best will 
miss him most. To all our people he was 
an interesting and a forcible character, 
and his place will be difficult to fill." 

Thomas W. Bennett, a soldier, lawyer 
and prominent public official, was bom in 
Tnion County, Indiana, February 16, 1831. 



In 1854 he graduated from the Law School 
of Indiana, Asbury University, and began 
practice. In 1858 he was elected to the 
State Senate, but resigned in 1861 to enter 
the national service and became succeB- 
sively captain, major, colonel and brigadier 
general. In October, 1864, Mr. Bennett 
was again chosen to the Senate, servinc^ 
until March, 1867. He also served as 
mayor of Richmond, Indiana, and was 
afterward appointed governor of Idaho 

Territory, resigning the latter office. 

• 

James M. Propst. An Indiana man, 
native of Vigo County, where he has spent 
practically fdl the years of his life, James 
M. Propst has made an enviable record as 
an educator, and is now upon his second 
consecutive term as county superintendent 
of schools for Vigo County. 

Mr. Propst was born May 26, 1882, at 
Riley in Vigo County, son of Charles and 
Duella Propst. Mr. Propst had the ad- 
vantages of the local schools near his fath- 
er *s home and completed his technical edu- 
cation in the Indiana State Normal School 
at Terre Haute. He has been teaching 
for many years, and his record as a teacher 
and as a school administrator was at the 
basis of his first election to the office of 
county schools superintendent in 1911. He 
was reelected in 1917, and now has the 
complete administration over the school 
system of one of the largest and most pop- 
ulous counties in the state. 

Mr. Propst is affiliated with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Pj'thias, Improved Order of Red Men, the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
of Terre Haute and the Free and Accepted 
Masons, Lodge No. 86 of Terre Haute. He 
is a member of the Fort Harrison Country* 
Club and the Terre Haute Chamber of 
Commerce, and is a member of the Meth- 
odist Church. 

December 23, 1908. at Prairieton, In- 
diana, he married Mary Ethel Hanley, 
daughter of James and Emma Hanley and 
of a pioneer Vigo County family. Mr. 
and ^Irs. Propst have one daughter, Mil- 
dren Blanche. 

Frank S. Fishback. The name Fish- 
back has an honorable part in the records 
of Indianapolis covering a period of over 
sixty years. As a family the Fishbacka 
have been prominent in business and also 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1573 



in the larger and broader activities and 
movementft connected with the welfare and 
progress of the city. 

The late John Fishback was at one time 
proprietor of the old Indianapolis Sentinel 
and gave to that paper some of the distinc- 
tive qualities which made it an influential 
factor in Indiana journalism. John Fish- 
back was born in Hatavia, Ohio, in 1823 
and came to Indianapolis in 1855, at the 
age of thirty. In this city he established 
a tannery, also developed a wholesale 
leather business, and for many years these 
enterprises required his time and energy 
and brought him the foundation of a 
generous fortune. John Fishback was 
owner and publisher of the Indianapolis 
Sentinel from 1872 to 1875. Many old 
time newspaper men of Indiana recall his 
work as an editor and publisher, aud the 
Sentinel never had a more prosperous nor 
influential period in its history than when 
under the Fishback ownership. 

John Fishback was a strong democrat 
in politics and while working always for 
the interests of his party he was first and 
last concerned with the real vital welfare 
of his home city. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. His death occurred 
in 1884. He married Sarah E. Riddle, 
who was bom at Kingston, Ohio, July 27, 
1832. They were the parents of five chil- 
dren, the youngest being Mr. Frank S. 
Fishback. 

Frank S. Fishback was bom at Indian- 
apolis May 14, 1866. After leaving the 
public schools he went to work for the old 
Indianapolis Times, being assistant book- 
keeper in its office two years. In 1887 he 
entered a new field as a merchandise broker, 
and that is the business upon which he has 
concentrated his best energies for thirty 
years and through which he has gained 
his prominence and success in Indianapo- 
lis. His business for manv vears has been 
conducted under the name The Fishback 
Company, Importers and Roasters of Cof- 
fee, lie is also head of The Fishback- 
I^unne Brokerage Company. 

Prominent like his father in the demo- 
cratic party, Mr. Fishback has made a most 
cre<iitable rei*ord in handling the affairs 
of several important offices entruste<l to 
his management. In 1908 he was the only 
democrat ele<'te<l to the City Council, l>e- 
ing cle<'tcd as councilman at large. He 
gave valuable service to the city during 



the administration of Mayor John W. 
Holtzman. In 1908 he was elected county 
treasurer, and filled that office until De- 
cember 31, 1911. Mr. Fishback is a member 
of the Indiana Democratic Club, the In- 
dianapolis Board of Trade, the Commercial 
Club and is affiliated with Leuidmarks 
Lodge No. 319, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, and with Lodge No. 7 of the 
Knights of Pythias. He and his wife are 
members of the Second Presbyterian 
Church. 

June 12, 1889, he married Miss Mary 
E. Stone. She was l^rn in the city of 
Washington, the oldest of the six children 
of Daniel E. and Abbie (Stoker) Stone. 
Her father was a native of Vermont, of 
New England colonial stock, and for many 
years was president of a company manu- 
facturing veneer at Haltimore. The three 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Fishback are 
John S., Frank C. and Martha L. 

J.vcoB L. HiELER, who scrvcd with the 
rank of captain in the famous Sixth In- 
diana Light Artillery during the Civil war, 
was for nearly half a centurj- closely iden- 
tified with the business history and the 
enlightened progress of Indianapolis. 

He was bom in Baden, Germany, and 
died at St. Vincent's Hospital in Indian- 
apolis following an operation for appendi- 
citis on October 5, 1913, at the age of 
seventy-four. Though he came to Amer- 
ica at the age of sixteen, he acquired a 
liberal education in the Fatherland. His 
father was a man of considerable influence 
in Baden, and his family were of that 
high class of Germans that characterize 
the early emigration to American shore 
following the Revolution of 1848. While 
(*aptain Bieler was not a participant in 
the revolutionarj- troubles which drove 
thou.sands of the German youth beyond the 
sea. he measured up the same social class 
and standards. It was these Germans, one 
of the most conspicuous leaders among 
them l^eing Carl Schurz, who brought with 
them their thrift and industr>% their bind- 
ing sense of individual and civic duty, their 
moral fervor and love of home, and in 
America, both in peace and in war, in 
every branch of human endeavor and hu- 
man achievement, by brave and honest 
service made compensation to the land of 
their adoption. 

Jacob L. Bieler finished his education 



1574 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



at Stuttgart. He inherited the political 
independence and love of liberty of his 
father, and he embraced with zeal the life 
and principles of America and his Amer- 
icanism was of the most robust type. It 
is said that he never liked the term Ger- 
man-American. 

Coming to this country at the age of 
sixteen, he made his home for a time with 
an uncle at Selma, Alabama. While there 
he became a sergeant in the local fire de- 
partment, and at the outbreak of the Civil 
war with the rest of his command was 
drafted into the rebel army. Through his 
uncle and aunt he got away and came 
north. Before he left Germany his father 
had given him as his parting injunction 
the phrase ** Stick to your flag/' and he 
interpreted that as meaning a steadfast 
loyalty to the flag and principles of the 
Union. He made his way not without 
considerable risk and danger to Indiana, 
arriving at Indianapolis in 1861. Here he 
joined the army and was the first man 
to erect a tent of the famous Morton Bat- 
tery, afterward the Sixth Indiana Light 
Artillery. He not only became one of the 
officers in this battery, but supplied much 
of the funds for its equipment. He served 
loyally all through the war, rose to the 
rank of captain, and was in many of the 
notable campaigns of the Mississippi Val- 
ley. His battery did splendid service in 
the battle of Pittsburg Landing and Cor- 
inth. 

After the war Captain Bieler returned 
to Indianapolis and engaged in the harness 
business as a partner with Rudolph Frauer 
on Washington Street opposite the Court 
House. In later years he was in the com- 
mission business, and at the time of his 
death was vice president and had long 
been active in the management of the 
American Poundrj* Company. 

In politics he was a strict republican, 
but his interest in the progress of his home 
city transcended all his party aflSliations. 
He was the first republican councilman 
ever electoil from the old Thirteenth Ward. 
While in the Council he fought the grant- 
ing of a francise to the Belt Railway. He 
was a mcml>er of the City Council from 
1M7H to 18S() and in 1880 was elected 
count V recorder, filling that oflSce until 
1884.' 

Of his re<»ord in public affairs one of the 
most important responsibilities he ever held 



was as government agent to open the Sho- 
shone Indian Reservation in the far north- 
west. He became greatly attached to that 
country, and he carried out his official 
duties without fear or favor, and at the 
risk of his own life drove away the gam- 
blers and illicit liquor sellers from the 
reservation. Captain Bieler was selected by 
the United German American Alliance to 
go to Washington to oppose the Hepbum- 
DoUiver Bill. It was his testimony that 
helped establish the contention of Qen. Lew 
Wallace in regard to the latter 's attitude 
at the battle of Shiloh. Capt;ain Bieler was 
always fond of old army comrades and of 
every meeting where old soldiers congre- 
gated and where patriotism abounded. He 
was a most lovable character, democratic 
in manner, an excellent speaker and was 
often chosen to address local gatherings. 

At the time of his death the Indian- 
apolis Star editorially gave a very fine 
tribute to the life, and in reading the fol- 
lowing quotation from that editorial it is 
well to bear in mind that it was written 
in 1913, before the opening of the Euro- 
pean war. The editorial reads as follows: 

** Unpleasant criticisms of Americans 
who go to the other countries for extended 
stays often drift back from foreign shores, 
the chief faults complained of being two 
that are diametrically opposed to each 
other. It is asserted of one class of these 
exiles that they refuse to adjust them- 
selves to their new environment, that they 
can see no good in the institutions and 
prevailing conditions of the new home com- 
pared to those of their native land and are 
continually drawing invidious and offensive 
comparisons in favor of the latter. The 
other class of Americans, on the contrary, 
are effusive in their praise of the adopted 
country' and correspondingly deprecatory 
of their own. They seem to feel it neces- 
sary constantly to apologize for the United 
States in order to ingratiate themselves 
with their new associates, not realizing 
that their course arouses the contempt even 
of the foreigners. 

'*IIow different is the attitude of for- 
eigners who come to this country to seek 
a home, espei'ially that of certain nation- 
alities. Take the Germans, by way of il- 
lustration, and Captain Bieler of Indian- 
a|)olis, who died on Sunday, as a type. He 
came from Germany in the late fifties, with- 
in five years was a volunteer soldier, fight- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1675 



ing to save the Union of which he had 
become a citizen. His citizenship was not 
an empty thing ; it involved love of liberty 
and love of free institutions and a deep 
feeling of patriotism. The war over, this 
patriotic sense led him, together with other 
Oerman-American veterans, to establish the 
custom of tiring a salute on the Court 
House lawn each anniversarj' of Washing- 
ion s birth. It is a significant thing that 
it remained not for native Americans, who 
proudly trace their lineage to colonial fam- 
ilies, but for newcomers, to originate this 
tribute to the first president." 

Captain Bieler marrie<l Caroline M. 
Heuii, also a native of Germany, who sur- 
vived him, together with a son, Charles L. 
Bieler, and two daughters, Mrs. S. H. 
Malpas and Miss Bertha Bieler. 

Captain Bieler was one of the oldest 
members of the Board of Trade and 
Chamber of Commerce, was a member of 
the Masonic Order, the Odd Fellows, Im- 
proved Order Knights of Pythias , the 
Knights of Cosmos, the Maennerchor and 
Musikverein. He was the first president 
of the Liederkranz, organized at Indian- 
apolis during the eighties. 

Charles L. Bieler, his only son, was bom 
at Indianapolis June 14, 1867, and was 
educated in the grammar and high schools. 
He is now president of The American 
Foun<lry Company, a business in which 
his father was actively interested until his 
death. The American Foundry Company 
is one of the largest industries of Indian- 
apolis and gives emplovment to about 650 
hands. Septeml)er 2(K 1893, Charles L. 
Bieler married Miss EflRe Henley. Her 
father, William F. Henley, was a promi- 
nent wholesale merchant of Indianapolis. 
Charles L. Bieler and wife had one son, 
Ix>uis Henley, who is now a first lieu- 
tenant and has been a.ssigned as personal 
aide on the staff of Brigatlier-General Ed- 
wani M. Lewis. He was attending Prince- 
ton Tniversity as a junior, but gave up his 
college career to fight for his countr>'. 

Mrs. Effie H. Bieler, the mother of this 
American soldier, died October 6, 1917, 
at her home 3104 North Pennsylvania 
Street. I^ides her son and hasband she 
was survived by her mother, Mrs. William 
F. Henlev, and bv two sisters, Martha 
Henley and Mrs, Stoughton A. Fletcher. 
She was laid to rest at Crown Hill ceme- 
ten-. 



Charles L. Bieler has a splendid record 
as a member of the National Ouard, and 
his son makes the third successive genera- 
tion to fight for Uncle Sanu Charles L. 
Bieler joined the National Guard in 1882 
as a meml>er of the Oatling Squad of In- 
dianapolis Light Artillery. He retired in 
1910 with the rank of captain. For four 
years he was a member of (Governor Dor- 
bin *s staff with the rank of major. 

RoscoE KiPER, a present valued member 
of the State Senate of Indiana, has been 
a lawyer at Boonville in active practice 
for a quarter of a centur>', and is also a 
former judge of the Circuit Court of his 
district. 

Mr. Kiper was born at Litchfield, Ken- 
tucky, June 2, 1874, son of Rev. J. D. 
and Louisa (Fuller) Kiper. His father, 
who is still living at the advanced age 
of eighty-three, is one of the oldest min- 
isters of the Indiana Methodist Conference. 
He entered the ministry in 1863 and con- 
tinued active for nearly half a century, 
until he retired. The family came to In- 
diana in 1884, locating at Cannelton. 

Judge Kiper, the seventh in a large 
family of children, was educated in the 
common schools of Indiana and received 
his legal education in the Indiana Law 
School. He began practice at Boonville in 
1893. He was deputy prosecuting attorney 
and held the oflSce of judge of the Circuit 
Court six years. He was elected to the 
State Senate on the republican ticket, rep- 
resenting the district of Warrick and Van- 
derburg Counties. 

Howard W. Beckm an and Elmer Krei- 
MEiER. Senior member of Be<»kman- 
Kreimeier Shoe Company of Richmond, 
Howard W. Bec*kman has been in the shoe 
business the greater part of his career, 
and his knowledge and long experience 
have brought the present firm a most en- 
viable success. 

Mr. Beckman is a son of William F. 
and Anna Elizabeth (Lindermann) Beck- 
man. He was educated in the common 
and high schools and at the age of seventeen 
went to work as a wagon driver for Adam 
H. Bartel & Company. After a year he 
went to work as salesman for the Hoosier 
Merchant ile Company of Richmond, shoe 
merchants, and during the next year and 
a half a^-quired much experience which 



1576 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



has been valuable to him all the rest of his 
career. For two years he was a shoe sales- 
man for Harry S. Cone in Shelbyville, then 
a year and a half with the Curme-Felt- 
man Shoe Company, four years with the 
Eahn- Williams Shoe Company at Conners- 
ville, and in 1919 formed a partnership 
with Elmer Kreimeier and bought the 
Walk-Over shop on Main Street in Rich- 
mond. 

Mr. Beckman married in 1917 Irene 
Smith, daughter of W. J. Smith of Con- 
nersville. In politics he is independent 
and is a member of the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles. 

Elmer Kreimeier, junior member in the 
Beckman-Kreimeier Shoe Company, was 
bom in Richmond in 1881, son of Edward 
and Catherine (Eggelman) Kreimeier. At 
the age of fourteen, leaving public school, 
he went to work with the Nickolson book 
bindery, and spent more than three years 
with that concern, being employed in cut- 
ting paper boxes and in delivery work. 
His longest business experience was with 
the Starr piano factory, working on piano 
actions. He became an action regulator 
and had charge of that branch of the fac- 
tory- for ten years, also being connected in 
other capacities for a total of eighteen 
years. In July, 1918, Mr. Kreimeier went 
to the Curme-Feltman Shoe Company as a 
salesman to learn the business, and in 1919 
formed his present partnership with Mr. 
Howard Beckman. 

In 1908 he married Alice Lichtenfels, 
daughter of Jacob and Anna (Coon) Lich- 
tenfels of Richmond. They have two chil- 
dren, ilr. Kreimeier is an independent 
in politics, is affiliated with the Lodge of 
Ifasons, Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and Knights of P^^hias, and has held 
numerous offices in St. Paul's Evangelical 
Lutheran Church. 

Howard AxaEsr Daj., treasurer and 
superintendent of the Richmond City 
Waterworks, is a civil engineer of wide 
technical experience and for many years 
has been engaged in business where his 
profession serves hira well. 

Mr. Dill wan bom at Riehmond August 
7, 1S69, son of Matthew II. and Emily 
niutton'i Dill. He attended the grade 
m*hools of Richmond and in 1^84 l)eoaine 
a student in Swarthmore College and 
graduated in 1889. From Swarthmore he 



entered the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, and was graduated with the 
degree S. B. in 1891. During 1893-94 
Mr. Dill was connected with the City En- 
gineering Department of Indianapolis, and 
on returning to Richmond in 1895 became 
treasurer of the Richmond Bicycle Com- 
pany. In 1898 he joined the Richmond 
City Water Works, becoming its treasurer 
in 1899. He is also a stockholder and 
director of the J. M. Hutton & Company. 
In the meantime Mr. Dill had found many 
opportunities for valuable public service 
and has a wide range of mterests. He 
was president of the Richmond Commer- 
cial Club in 1918-19, is president of the 
Social Service Bureau of Richmond a 
member of the Richmond Country Club, 
the Richmond Tourist Club and the Rotary 
Club. He is an elder in the First Presby- 
terian Church, a member of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, and an 
independent republican in politics. 

In 1892 he married Miss Camilla L. 
Walker, daughter of Judge L. C. and Ca- 
milla (Farquhar) Walker. Mrs. Dill died 
in April, 1910, the mother of two children : 
Dorothy and Malcolm Howard. The son 
was bom in 1899, and at the close of 1918 
was in the artillery service at Camp Tay- 
lor, Louisville, Kentucky. In December, 
1911, Mr. Dill married Mary Kinsey Ham- 
mond, daughter of Thaddeus Wright. 

Henry C. Smtther, who is head of the 
oldest gravel roofing and modem fireproof 
roofing enterprise in Indianapolis, has been 
an active business man in that city for 
half a century. He is a veteran of the Civil 
war and member of a family that was 
established in the capital of Indiana more 
than ninety years ago. 

Some of the most interesting memories 
of the old days in and around Indianapolis 
have been preserved by Mr. Sraither, and 
no one has studied early conditions more 
carefully and can speak with more author- 
ity on the persons and events of the times. 

The Smither family in all generations 
have been distinguished by .sturdy Ameri- 
can characteristics, including a patriotism 
that has never required propaganda orspe- 
eial urging to respond to every call by 
their country. Mr. Smither 's grandparents 
were James and Xanoy Smither, and their 
home was in Owen County, Kentucky, 
where they lived to a good old age, Xancy 




< 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1677 



passing the century mark. Nine of their 
aona and one daughter grew to mature 
years, namely: Robert, William, Sarah, 
Lewis, James, John, Ezekiel, Willis, Wyatt 
and Coalman. 

John and Elizabeth Smither, parents of 
Henry C, were nati\'e8 of Kentucky and 
came to Indiana about the year 1825. set- 
tling in what is now Indianapolis. John 
Smither once owned the property where 
now stands the Claypool Hotol, also part 
of the State House grounds, the land at 
the comer of Indiana Avenue and Illinois 
Street for half a 8c|uaro or more on the 
avenue, and constructed the first little one- 
story brick house on the avenue. lie owned 
several other valuable properties in the 
city. He was a gunsmith by trade and 
even after he sold his shop and tools his 
services were sought to make some rifles 
for special customers, and these rifles stood 
everv test of accuracv and fine workman 
ship. After selling his Indianapolis prop 
erty John Smither moved to a farm on the 
old Michigan Road near New Bethel, eight 
miles southeast of Indianapolis. The pres- 
ent Village of New Hethel is located on 
ground once owned by him. John Smither 
was typical of the hardy, rugge<i, resource- 
ful pioneer, had a high order of business 
abilitv and conducted to enviable success 
many large affairs. His name in fact de- 
serves a permanent place among the found- 
ers and upbuilders of the city of Indianap- 
olis and Marion County. He cleared away 
a large amount of land of its timber, and 
as was the custom of the time had to roll 
t()^»»thor and burn immense logs of the 
finest hanlwooil timber which woubl now 
rnnstitutc a fortune for a practical lum- 
berman. In those davs the woods were 
f*.lii»d witli iranic. and Henry C. Smither 
dnrinir Hi*^ boyhixwl was rojrabMl with many 
int«rrsti?i{r stories of tin* exploits of his 
father and other nimnxls in shootincr and 
trapping snrh wild jrann^ as deer, bear and 
turkevs. The first count rv home of the 
Smither familv in Marion Countv was a 
loj^ hnuso with a bijr fircphicc. a blanket 
ovt»r the d<H)r opening, but in eoiirs«» of 
\ears bv hard efTnrts John Smither d»'- 
vel(H>ed not oidy a fine farm bnt fTfcted 
a most substantial home. This home was- 
on the old Miehiiran Road. th»' famous 
tljop'inflifare that stretehed north and 
sontli through Indiana from the Olijn River 
to .Mi«)iiiran <'ity, pavsinij thrnu;jh In- 



dianapolis. After erecting a large and 
commodious house John Smither turned it 
to good account as a tavern, known as the 
Smither Tavern. The nine room house 
was situated on a pleasant knoll, sur- 
rounded with blue grass lawn, shade, fruit 
and flower trees. The Smither Tavern was 
one of the points in the old time civiliza- 
tion of Indiana which could furnish count- 
less themes for romance and history. The 
hospitality and good cheer were unbounded. 
The Smithers set a table that would make 
the g(KKl living of modern time seem poor 
indeed. Th(» house was filled with traveler.-i 
niglit and day, and nmny of the foremost 
celebrities of the time stoppe<l there, in- 
eluding espeeially the statesman journey- 
ing back and forth. In fact the Smither 
station, being the last public hoase on the 
road before entering Indianapolis from the 
South, was well called the ** primping sta- 
tion.'' Travel-worn legislators and others 
who desired to make the best appearance 
on reaching the streets of Indianapolis 
would spend the night or at least several 
hours at the Smither Tavern, getting their 
boots greased, their linen changed, and all 
the niceties of good dress arranged. 

Hesi<l(Hi the politicians and regular trav- 
elers who stopped there, the Smither 
Tavern was the headquarters for the 
preachers of the Baptist denomination, and 
every Sunday particularly the neighbors 
for miles around would gather at the 
Smither home to partake of the bountiful 
provisions of the table and enjoy the so- 
ciety of their fellows. To their neighbors 
Tnele John and Aunt Betsey, as they were 
known, opened the privilege of their house 
and table without pay, and there waa 
never a ease of the poor or hungry being 
turned away from their df)or. They were 
active members of the Baptist Church at 
New Bethel, and nearly all their children 
were also affiliated with that church. The 
old ehureh so well remembered has long 
*iinee disappeared and has been replaced by 
a Mil)>t.in*ial hri4»k edifice a short distance 
ea^t of the old site. 

The old Miehigan Road is today one of 
the fine mo<l»Tn thonuigbfarcs of Indiana, 
and onlv those historieallv inclined have 
any knowled^re as they ride along in their 
automobiles of the historical significance of 
th»' hiirhwav. Of the old time landmarks 
still standinir along the road the old 
Smither houM» was one of the most inter- 



val. IV— 1 



1578 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



esting. It is as firm as a rock today, 
having been constructed of heavy poplar 
logs grown on the land. Many years ago 
the house was sold to the McGauhey family, 
former County Commissioner John Mc- 
Gauhey having owned it, and it is now 
the property of McGauhey 's son-in4aw, 
J. E. Wheatley. John Smither also erected 
a saw mill on his land and worked up much 
of the timber into lumber. There is no 
person now living who has witnessed as 
many changes brought by civilization in 
central Indiana as the old Smither house. 
It was built before there were any rail- 
roads, when all travel in this section was 
by stage coach or wagon over the dirt and 
cordurov roads. Its windows have looked 
out upon statesmen going by on horseback 
with their high hats and old fashioned 
stocks, upon stage and mail coaches drawn 
by four and six horses, until gradually the 
conditions which made the Smither Tavern 
prosperous have yielded to the railroad, 
the automobile and the electric railyay, a 
line of which is just across the road from 
the old house. Today there are telephone 
wires bearing intelligence instead of the 
mail cart and post rider. Henry C. Smither 
when a small boy, holding his father's 
hand, had the privilege of witnessing the 
first railroad train over the Madison Rail- 
road as it entered Indianapolis. 

John and Elizabeth Smither had thirteen 
children, four daughters and nine sons, 
four of the sons dying in infancy. Those 
who grew up were all happily married. 
Their names were: Sarah Catherine, 
Nancy Jane, Mar>' Frances, James Wil- 
liam, IIenr>' Clay, Elizabeth Helen, Theo- 
dore Freelinghyson, Robert 0. and John W. 
John Smither was a whig in early life and 
gave the name of the great whig states- 
man to the son mentioned above. Later 
he was a republican and was a man of 
exalted patriotism during the Civil war. 
lie furnished his four oldest sons to the 
Government. James W. was in the railwav 

• 

mail service during the war. The record 
of Ilcnry C. is given below. Theodore F. 
was a member of the Twenty-si.xth Indiana 
Infantrv and served faith fullv until hon- 
orably discharged for disability. The 
youngest son. John W., was too young 
to get into the Civil war and too old for 
the Eun>pean conflict, but his son. Dr. J. 
A. Smither. at Jamestown. California, did 
some work in examining recruits for the 



recent war. John W. Smither is now in 
the insurance and brokerage business at 
Burlington, Iowa. 

The best and most faithful soldier of all 
the Smither brothers was Robert G. He 
enlisted at the same time with his brother 
Theodore in the Twenty-sixth Indiana 
Regiment and was called the baby of the 
regiment, being only a little over fourteen 
when he went in. The boys used to carry 
him around all over camp on their shoul- 
ders. He finally was badly wounded in 
the right leg, the bone being shattered. He 
remained out only about six months after 
being discharged, and then again enlisted, 
at the time of the first Morgan raid, in 
Company E of the 107th Indiana. Later 
he became first sergeant of Troop H, Sev- 
enth Indiana Cavalr>% on August 9, 1863, 
was commissioned second lieutenant in 
1864, and afterward promoted to first 
lieutenant March 7, 1865, and to captain 
on June 1, 1865. He was wounded through 
the base of the neck and was complimented 
for soldierly bearing and conduct at Rip- 
ley, Mississippi, and was finally discharged 
at Indianapolis March 16, 1866. He then 
made application to the regular army, was 
appointed first lieutenant of the Twith 
United States Cavalry June 12, 1867 ; ad- 
jutant, January 27, 1877, to November, 
1881; captain, ' November 18, 1881. He 
saw much service in the West when the 
Indians were still hostile, being stationed 
at Fort Riley, Kansas, Indian Territory 
and New Mexico, and many other places. 
After many years of service he attained the 
rank of major, and finally, on account of 
trouble from his old wound, he had to 
retire on April 23, 1904, but for several 
years afterward continued on duty as a 
recruiting officer. He is now living at 
Pasadena, California. Major Smither 's 
army record is highly commended not only 
hv his comrades who served with him but 
bv his superior officers in official publica- 
tions. 

Another military member of the family 
is Col. Henry C. Smither, a son of 
Major Smither and a nephew of Mr. Henry 
C. Smither of Indianapolis. Col. Henry 
C. Smither was bom while his father was 
in the regular army, was admitted to the 
West Point Military' Academy during the 
administration of President Harrison, and 
for three years after his graduation re- 
mained an instructor in the Academy. He 




INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1579 



was aj»igrned to a regiment in the West, 
was twice sent to the Philippines, holding 
the rank of captain, was promoted to major, 
and after General Pershing went to France 
was ordered to return to Washington and 
was assigned to Pershing's stafiF with the 
rank of colonel. High praise has been 
given him as one of the officers in com- 
mand of the American army's supply serv- 
ice in France, and he was especially cited 
by one of his commanding generals in 
France. In the spring of 1919 he rejoined 
his wife and three children at Washington. 
Mr. Henry C. Smither of Indianapolis is 
greatly interested in and proud of his 
nephew and namesake. Colonel Smither 
and wife have two daughters and one son. 
The second child was named after its uncle 
before it was bom, and when it proved a 
girl the name was changed from Henry to 
Henr>--Etta. The third child was a son 
and was given the full name of his great- 
uncle, Henrv C. Smither. 

A sigrnificant fact in the patriotic rec- 
ord of the Smither family is that both in 
the Civil and in the World wars all the 
soldier participants volunteered, none of 
them being drafted. In the Civil war be- 
sides the four brothers above noted there 
were two brothers-in-law, Wharton R. 
Clinton of the Thirteenth Indiana Volun- 
teers and Mexican war veteran, and George 
E. Tiffany of the Volunteers. Mr. Smither 
of Indianapolis besides his famous nephew, 
Colonel Smither, had four grand-nephews 
in the World war, Charles Wharton Eich- 
rodt, a first lieutenant still in France; 
Frederick C. Wright, troop ser^^eant in 
the Motor Truck Service; William S. Gard- 
ner of the Seventeenth Iowa Cavalry ; and 
Emory Tiffany in the navy. 

Mr. Henry C. Smither was bom at In- 
dianapolis in 1840. His first militar>' 
ser\'ice was with the Home Guards, Zou- 
aves, and he drilled under Gen. Dan 
Macauley, who afterwards entered the mili- 
tant' service, and then the drill master and 
captain was Col. Nicolas Ruckle. Mr. 
Smither in 1863 gave up a good position 
to enlist in Company D of the Seventy- 
ninth Indiana Infantr>% and served until 
honorably discharged for disability. After 
recuperating he ran away from home and 
tried to rejoin his regiment, but got only 
as far as Chattanooga, which was then in 
ruins, and after a very lonely time in the 
mountains he boarded a freight train and 



returned to Nashville. There he took a 
place in the quartermaster's department 
vacated by a man on the sick list, and when 
he was relieved of that duty he sought a 
new job in the Old Hoss freight depart- 
ment for the Express Company. He ifaa 
promoted over a hundred persons to as- 
sistant cashier, but declined the promotion 
in view of his approaching wedding, which 
was to be celebrated in Indianapolis Feb- 
ruar>' 15, 1865, Miss Emma Bamitt becom- 
ing his bride. 

Before the adventure above noted in 
seeking to rejoin his regiment, there oc- 
eiirre<l the John Morgan raid through 
Southern In<liana. Companies were quickly 
formed in Indianapolis, and Capt. Whar- 
ton R. Clinton, a retired soldier of the 
Thirteenth Indiana, was made captain of 
a company, with IIenr>' C. Smither as 
second lieutenant. Chftn«ye« were quickly 
made and upon the promotion of Clinton to 
colonel Henry C. Smither was promoted 
to captain. While the company was in 
instant readiness to march, a telegram 
came that Morgan had been captured, and 
Mr. Smither recalls this incident rather 
humorously and says that he was captain 
for about half an hour altogether. 

In 1868 he entered the business which 
he has continued for half a century, gravel 
roofing, and in subsequent years he has 
handled other forms of modem fireproof 
material for roofing. At first he wa« in 
partnership with the late J. M. Sims, whose 
interests he bought. His house is widely 
known to the trade as one of the highest 
honor and reliability, and his own name 
is a guarantee of the high quality of every- 
thing sold and handled. 

Mr. Smither has also at various tiines 
been engaged in a number of business and 
industrial enterprises at Indianapolis. He 
has used his means and influence liberally 
for making Indianapolis a progressive me- 
tropolis. Many people recall that he built 
the old Virginia Avenue Rink in the day 
when roller skating was a great craze. 
Ijater he was in the bicycle business when 
that was an important industry at In- 
dianapolis. Mr. H. C. Smither served as 
city councilman for four years during the 
Bookwalter administration. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Baptist Church, is affil- 
iated with Mystic Tie Lodge No. 398, An- 
cient Free and Accepted Masons, and is 
past master, is a Knight Templar and 



1580 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Scottish Rite Mason, and Shriner, also a 
member of George H. Thomas Post, Grand 
Army of the Bepnblic. He is a republican 
in politics and a member of the Marion 
Club. Mr. and Mrs. Smither had a most 
happy married life of nearly half a cen- 
tury until the death of Mrs. Smither on 
July 6, 1914. 

Schuyler Colpax was bom in New 
York City March 23, 1823, and died in 
Mankato, Minnesota January 13, 1885. He 
was a statesman and was identified with the 
public life of Indiana for many years. He 
came to this state in 1836, settling with the 
family in New Carlisle. 

In subsequent years Vice President Col- 
fax was a successful candidate of the 
newly formed Republican party for Con- 
gress, scr\'ing by successive reelections 
from 1854 until 1869. In May, 1868, the 
Republican National Convention at Chi- 
cago nominated him for vice president of 
the United States, General Grant being the 
nominee for president, and he took his seat 
as presi<lent of the Senate on March 4, 
1869. The later years of Mr. Colfax were 
spent mainly in retirement at his home in 
South Bend although he delivered public 
lectures. Mr. Colfax was twice married. 

Frank Irvin Reed. Of the firm Ir\'in 
Reed & Son, dealers in hardware, imple- 
ments and automobiles. Prank Irvin Reed 
is a merchant of lonsr and varied business 
activities and experience. His father was 
one of the first merchants of Richmond, 
and sixty-five years ago established a hard- 
ware business in that city, which through 
his son has been continued to the present 
time. The business is still known as Irvin 
Reed & Son and is the largest house of 
its kind in eastern Indiana. 

Frank Ir\'in Reed was bom in 1854, 
son of Irvin and Mar>' f Evens) Reed. He 
represents an old American family of Eng- 
lish, Scotch and Irish oritrin. His father 
was about twenty-one years old when he 
came to Richmond in 1831 and establishefl 
the first drug store in what was then the 
largest town in the state. As the pioneer 
drugirist his niethmls of doing business were 
in great contrast to those of the present 
time. He went around on horseback with 
his saddle bags, visiting such cities as In- 
dianapolis. Fort Wayne and many smaller 
towns, and took orders for drugs, which he 



filled in his laboratory at Richmond. He 
continued in the drug business until 1854, 
when he removed to Cincinnati and estab- 
lished a wholesale drug house. That was 
a very successful enterprise, but eventually 
he returned to Richmond and on account 
of failing health sold out his business. In 
1857 he started a hardware store on Main 
Street between Fifth and Sixth streets. In 
1865 the business was removed to where it 
is today, in a three-story and basement 
building. 

In 1834 Irvin Reed married at Rich- 
mond Mary Evens, and their son Frank 
I. is the youngest of nine brothers and 
two sisters. His father died in 1891, at 
the age of eighty-one, and his mother in 
1898, aged eighty-six. 

Frank Irvin Reed grew up in Richmond, 
attended the public schools and Richmond 
Business College, and even as a boy was 
associated with his father in business. He 
became an active factor in the manage- 
ment in 1876, at which time the firm used 
only one floor, but today all three floors 
and basement are crowded with the stock 
handled by this firm. The business employs 
many people, and the trade is extended 
over the city and surrounding country for 
a radius of thirty-five miles. Mr. Reed is 
now the sole proprietor. 

In 1892 Mr. Reed married Miss Tessa 
Irene Cooper, daughter of H. B. Cooper of 
Richmond. Mr. Reed is affiliated with tjie 
Masonic bodies including the Knights 
Templar, and politically is a republican. 
His father was a subscriber in 1831 to the 
Richmond Palladium, and Mr. Reed is 
still on the subscription list, the paper hav- 
ing come regularly into the Reed house- 
hold for nearly ninety years. 

WU.UAM E. Stex'enson, who died in 
1913. was for many years a commanding 
fieure in the commercial life and affairs 
of Greencastle and of Indianapolis. He 
was successively merchant, banker and 
operator and controller of many activities 
and interests represented in the real es- 
tate field. His name will alwavs have a 
special significance in Indianapolis as 
that of the man who had the faith to pro- 
mote and build the first steel skyscraper 
in the city. 

He was bom at Greencastle, Indiana, 
October 2, 1850, son of James D. and 
Sarah E. (Wood) Stevenson. His father. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1581 



a native of Kentucky, was of Scotch- 
Irish lineage. His mother was bom in 
Vermont and belonged to a New England 
family. James D. Stevenson for over 
thirty years was a hardware merchant at 
Greencastle. His wife died in that city 
at the age of seventy-five, and he spent 
his last years at the home of his son in 
Indianapolis, where he passed away at the 
age of eighty-three. 

The formal education of William E. 
Stevenson was finished at the age of four- 
teen. He then went to work for his father, 
and remained active in the business for 
fifteen years, including the period of his 
apprenticeship and learning as well as of 
his active management. He succeeded his 
father in the business and finally selling 
out his interests in that line be<;ame cashier 
in the Putnam County Bank at Green- 
castle. He was also one of the organizers 
and directors of the Central National Bank 
of Greencastle. 

Mr. Stevenson came to Indianapolis in 
1888 as a field better fitted for his expand- 
ing interests and business ability. For a 
quarter of a century he was prominent in 
the real estate field, and head of the firm 
W. E. Stevenson & Company, which rep- 
resented a highly specialized organization 
for the handling of city property. It was 
more than twenty years ago, in 1896, that 
Mr. Stevenson matured his plans and in 
the face of many obstacles began and com- 
pleted the Stevenson Building on Wash- 
ington Street. It was the first modem 
steel construction office building in the 
city, and was a pioneer of the type of 
construction which is now practically uni- 
versal in American cities. It is twelve 
■tories high, and while it no longer domi- 
nates the sky line of Indianapolis it is a 
particularly significant landmark to all the 
older business men of Indianapolis who ap- 
preciate the wonderful forward strides 
made by this city during the year this 
building has been standing. The structure 
continued to bear the name of Stevenson 
Building until 1905, when Mr. Stevenson 
practically withdrew his interests and it 
has since been the State Life Building. 

While this was the largest single enter- 
prise undertaken by Mr. Stevenson, it was 
in many ways typical of his initiative, far 
sightedness, and progressive character as 
an Indianapolis builder and citizen. lie 
came to bi» looked upon as a man whose 



judghient was accepted as authority on ac- 
count of his experience and keen insight. 
For a number of years he was active in the 
promotion of railway lands, particularly 
the work of interurban electric roads cen- 
tering at Indianapolis. 

The big values and interests of his life 
were represented in his business achieve- 
ments. He was a republican but never an 
office seeker, was a member of the Com- 
mercial and Columbian Clubs, the Board of 
Trade and the Marion Club. October 22, 
1872, he married Miss Margaret W. Wirth, 
who was l>oni and reared in Cincinnati, 
daughter of Joseph Wirth. Mr. Steven- 
son is survived by one child, Edna W., 
wife of Louis F. Smith. 

The late Mr. Stevenson has a g^teful 
memory among the many whom he be- 
friended. He assisted a number of young 
men to get an education and start in busi- 
ness, and in a quiet, unostentatious way 
was always giving something, either of his 
money or the other means at his command. 
Generosity was one of his most dominant 
personal traits. 

Mrs. A.xna Weiss is the widow of the 
late Siegfried Weiss of Richmond. Sieg- 
fried W^eiss established an antique furni- 
ture store on Fourth and Main streets in 
1906, and had the business fairly under 
way when death intervened and inter- 
rupted his career on June 4, 1907. 

Mrs. Weiss has proved herself a most 
capable business woman. She has kept 
the business up, moved it to larger quar- 
ters at 519 Main Street, and in 1912 cn- 
tereil the present quarters at 505-511 
Main Street, where with the assistance of 
her son I^eo H. she conducts one of the 
leading house furnishing enterprises in 
W^ayne County. 

IxK) II. W>i88, son of Siegfried and 
Anna (PuthofT) Weiss, was bom at Rich- 
mond June 28, 1891. He attended the 
parochial schools only until he was 
twelve years old, and then spent one year 
working in a casket factory, and after 
that put in his time largely with his 
father's business. His mother was again 
left with the chief responsibilities of the 
eoneern when her son on May 1, 1918, en- 
tered the government service at Camp 
Forrest, Chattanooga. A few weeks later 
he was transfernnl to Camp Wadsworth 
at Spartanburg, South Carolina, and t«i 



1582 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



days later was sent to the target range 
at Landrum in the same vicinity. He 
was again returned to Camp Wadsworth, 
from there to Camp Mills, Long Island, 
and on July 7, 1918, was sent overseas 
as member of the Seventeenth Machine 
Gun Battalion with the Sixth Division. 
They landed at Le Havre, and after a 
time in the rest camp was sent to the 
lighting zone, and Mr. Weiss was on duty 
there from July 22, 1918, to March 17, 
1919. Mrs. Weiss is a member of St. 
Andrew's Catholic Church. 

Lloyd D. CluVYcx)mbe is one of the 
younger lawyers of the Indianapolis bar 
and has enjoyed a successful practice there 
for the past four years. He represents 
an old and honored family of Crawford 
('ounty, and was born at Marengo in that 
county February 7, 1889. His maternal 
grandfather, John M. Johnson, was one of 
tlie early settlers of Crawford County, and 
was widclv and favorablv known all over 
that sei»tion of the state. He was an edu- 
cator, minister and farmer, and was a 
visible example to an entire community 
for good works and good influence. He 
was a man of education, having attende<l 
the State University of Indiana when its 
building equipment was merely one frame 
building, as elsewhere illustrated in this 
publication. 

Lloyd D. Claycombe is the only son and 
child of Victor E. and Roma A. (Johnson) 
Claycombe, and a grandson of Samuel A. 
Claycombe, who was a soldier in the Union 
Anny. He enlisted in an Indiana regi- 
ment, was wounded and captured, and 
died in Andersonville Prison. Victor 
Claycombe was l)orn at Alton, Indiana, and 
is now Hfty-seven years of age. For thirty- 
five years or more he has been a station 
agent with the Southern Indiana Railroad 
Company. 

Llovd D. Clavcombe received his early 
education in the public schools of Jasper, 
Indiana. He took his law course iii the 
Indiana State University. On July 1, 
1914, he began the practice of law at In- 
dianapolis, and has ma*le rapid progress 
in achieving a sul)stantial reputation in 
that fielil. He ser\ed as deputy proserut. 
inj? attorney of Marion County in 1917- 
18. In 1915 he wa'^ appointed receiver in 
trustee in Imnkruptcy for the Winona A<!- 
aemblv at Winona I^ke. Indiana. He suc- 



cessfully reorganized this institution, with 
William J. Byan president of the new cor- 
poration and Mr. Claycombe as membi^r 
of the board of directors and an officer. 

Mr. Claycombe is a republican, a member 
of the Methodist Church, is a Knight Tem- 
plar ISIason and Shriner, and is affiliated 
with the Lambda Chi Alpha and Oamma 
Eta Gamma college fraternities, September 
14, 1918, he married Miss Jenetta Wuille, 
daughter of Louis Wuille, of Hamilton, 
Ohio. 

Fred C. Gardner. Something concern* 
ing the monumental character and impor- 
tance of the great Indianapolis industry 
conducted under the name E. C. Atkins & 
Company is a matter of record on other 
pages of this publication. A position of 
executive responsibility in such a business 
is sufficient of itself as a proof that the 
holder has the experience and quaUfiea- 
tions of a successful business man. 

About thirty-five years ago Fred C. 
Gardner entered the plant of the Atkins 
Company in the capacity of an office boy. 
Fidelity, hard work, concentration of ef- 
fort, study of his surroundings and oppor- 
tunity to improve his usefulness were, the 
main reasons that started him on his up- 
ward climb from one position to another 
until in 1900 he was elected assistant treas- 
urer and then in 1912 was promoted to 
treasurer. 

Mr. Gardner, who has otherwise been 
prominent in civic affairs at Indianapolis 
as well as a factor in its basiness life, has 
lived here since early boyhood. He was 
born in DeWitt County, Illinois, August 
23. 1863, a son of Anson J. and Mary 
Elizabeth (Watson) Gardner. Anson J. 
Gardner was born in Ohio September 13, 
1831, and as a young man removed to De- 
Witt County, Illinois. He secured govern- 
ment land, and in the course of time had 
about 3.000 acres and was one of the lead- 
ing farmers and stock growers in the state. 
He made a specialty of breeding high-grade 
Sliorthorn cattle. In 1875 lie sold his farm 
and sto<'k interests, and coming to In- 
dianapolis established himself in business 
as a buyer and shipper of grain. He was 
one of the leadinjr grain merchants of In- 
dianapolis until 1901, at which date he re- 
tiretl. He died January- 8, 1906, and his 
wife followed him in death on the next 
dav. Anson Gardner was an active re- 




t^. '^eSi^cCi^:^'^. 



INDIANA AND IXDIANANS 



1583 



publican, was affiliated with the ludepend* 
ent Order of Odd Fellows and with his 
wife was a member of the Second Presby- 
terian Church. Mary Elizabeth Watson 
was born in Illinois January 24, 1845. Her 
father, James U. Watson, was a large pli^i- 
tation and slave owner in Kentucky. It 
was a station to which he was in part born, 
but he had no sympathy with the tradi- 
tions of the slave holding class, and as he 
i'uuld not free his slaves and live in har- 
mony with his neighbors in the South his 
antagonism iinally reached a point where 
at a heavy tinaneial loss he gave liberty to 
his negroes, sold his real estate, and moved 
across the Ohio River into DeWitt County, 
Illinois. 

Fred C. Gardner, who was second in the 
family of four children, gained his tirst 
education in the public schools of Illinois, 
and after he was twelve years of age at- 
tended the city schools of Indianapolis. 
When he was about seventeen years old 
he began his business career as a clerk in 
the auditor's office of the 1. B. & W. Rail- 
way, now a part of the Big Four system. 
From that pasition about six months later 
he went into the E. C. Atkins & Company 
as office boy, and since then his career has 
been fixed so far as his business sphere is 
concerned, though his own progress lias 
been 6ne of constantly changing and im- 
proving status. 

However, a number of other interests 
and activities are part of his record. He 
has served as treasurer of the Marion 
County Republican Club and of the Re- 
j)ublican City Committee, and was one 
of tlie republicans appointed as a member 
of the Board of Park Commissioners by 
Mayor Bell, and is now serving in that 
capaeity. He was at one time treasun»r of 
liutler College and is a member of the 
Cham^»e^ of CommenM\ the Columbia, 
Marion and W<MKlsto<-k clubs, the Turn- 
verein. the Maennerehor, and of the 
Christian Chureh. In Masonry he is affil- 
iated with Oriental Lmlge No. .lOO, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, Keystone 
Chapter No. 6, Royal Arch .Masons, liaper 
Commamh'ry No. 1. Knights Templar. In- 
diana Consistorv of the S<*ottish Rite and 
Murat Temple of the .Mystic Shrine. 

November 2S. 1>>S:{. Mr. (JardiH^r iiiar- 
rit^l Miss Cara K. Davis. Sh.* was horn in 
Franklin County. Indiana. October 1, 
1SH2. daughter of William M. and Mary 



Jane (Jones) Davis. Iler father was bom 
in Kentucky October 14, 1837, and her 
mother in JohiLson County, Indiana, March 
6, 1837. William M. Davis on moving to 
Indiana engaged in general merchandising 
at Franklin and then came to Indianapolis, 
where as senior member of the firm Davis 
& Cole he was for many years prominent 
in the dry goods trade. He died July 9, 
1882. He is well remembered by the old 
time citizens of Indianapolis, was past 
nuister of Capital City Lodpe No. 312, Free 
and Accepted Ma.soiLS, member of Raper 
Commandery, Knights Templar, a thirty- 
second dej^ree Scottish Rite Mason, and 
also an Odd Fellow and Knight of Pythias. 
He and his familv were members of the 
Central Christian Church. To Mr. and 
Mrs. (ianiner were born three children, 
Mary Kli/abeth, Margaret Lucy and Fred 
C. The only son died in infancy. 

.loiiN Palmer Csiikr was born in Brook- 
field, New York, Januar>* 9, 1816. After 
eomin^ to Indiana he studied and practiced 
law, and after a service as a legislator was 
made attorney general of the state. In 
X^^^"! .Mr. I'sher was appointed first assist- 
ant secretarv of the interior, later l)ecom- 
ing head of the interior department, and 
resigned that office in 1865 and resumed 
the practice of law, also becoming consult- 
ing attorney for the Cnion Pacific Rail- 
road. The death of this prominent Indiana 
lawyer occurre<l in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

H. L. NowUN is secretary of the Indiana 
Mutual Cyclone Insurance Company and 
has held that office continuously since the 
company was establislicd in 1907. In 
eleven vears this has l)ecome one of the 
largest insurance organizations in the 
state, with almost 17.(KK) patmns or mem- 
bers, and with nearly $2r),0(X),(X)0 insur- 
ance in force. 

Cntil re<*ently Mr. Nowlin had his offi- 
cial headquarters in his old home county 
of Dearl)om, but in onler the better to look 
after the affairs of his company he moved 
to IndianaiM)lis in June, 1918, and the 
company's office is now at 148 East Market 
Stn^et in that city. The other officers of 
the companv are: A. 11. Mvers. of Nobles- 
ville. president: Emmett Moore, of Ilagers- 
town. vice president: E. C. Mercer, of Ro- 
ehester, treasurer: while the directors are 



1584 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



N. A. McClung, of Rochester, PhUip S. 
Carper, of Auburn, I. M. Miller, of Up- 
land, Harry P. Cooper, of Crawfordsville, 
J. N. Gullefer, of New Augusta, Clinton 
Goodpasture, of Muncie, I. H. Day, of 
Greenfield, C. M. Nonweiler, of Boonville, 
and Frank C. Dam, of Lawrenceburg. 

The Nowlin family is one of the oldest in 
the history of Dearborn County. The Now- 
lins originally are of Irish stock, but Mr. 
Nowlin s great-grandfather, however, was 
born in Vermont and came west in pioneer 
times to locate in Dearborn County. The 
grandfather, Jeremiah Nowlin, lived and 
died in Dearborn County, and though he 
began life with comparatively no capital 
his success as a farmer and business man 
enabled him to accumulate several well im- 
proved places in the county. His wife's 
people were among the earliest settlers in 
that county. Jeremiah Nowlin had his 
home and residence near Lawrenceburg. 
Of his seven or eight children the oldest 
was Enoch B. Nowlin, who was bom in 
Miller Township of Dearborn County 
April 17, 1832, and died in 1900. He was 
educated in the common schools, also in 
a business school at Indianapolis, and gave 
practically all his life to farming. He 
was never a member of any church and in 
politics was a republican. He married 
Jane H. Langdale, and of their four chil- 
dren the oldest is H. L. Nowlin and the 
only other sur\'ivor is R. J. Nowlin, who 
still lives in Dearborn County. 

H. L. Nowlin, who was bom February 
12, 1860, was educated in the public 
schools of his native county, also attended 
college at Ladoga and Danville, and at the 
age of twenty-two took up a farming career 
independently. He rented at tirst, but 
about 1897 bought a place of his own, 
and continued its operation until he left 
the fann in 1907 l)ei»ause of the various 
business connections he had formed in the 
meantime. For alwut two years h*» was a 
merchant, a business he carried on in addi- 
tion to his responsibilities as secretary of 
the insurance company. 

Mr. Nowlin is widely known among the 
agricultural interests of the state, es- 
pecially l>e<'ause of his service as a meni- 
l>er of the State Hoard of Agrioulture dur- 
ing his residence* in Dearl>oni County. lie 
was president of the board one year, was 
superintendent of the swine department 
three years and of the concession depart- 



ment twelve years, having charge of the 
swine exhibits and of the sale of all con- 
cessions. His membership on the board 
was contemporary with a period of great 
progress and prosperity in the State Fair. 
The receipts of the concession department 
were increased from $2,100 to $13,000, and 
other departments were also enlarged and 
developed. 

Mr. Nowlin has been a lifelong repub- 
lican. He was once a candidate for county 
surveyor and was formerly a member of 
the school board of Moores Hill, for two 
years was trustee of Moores Hill Village, 
and for a similar period was connected 
with the town government of Qreendale. 
He is secretary' of the. Dearborn Concrete 
Tile Company of Aurora, Indiana, and for 
seventeen years was secretary of the Pat- 
rons Mutual Fire Insurance Company. 
During that time this company increased 
its business from $180,000 to $4,200,000. 
^Ir. Nowlin is affiliated with the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows and is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church of Lawrence- 
burg. 

December 25, 1882, he married Miss 
Lana Martha Smith, daughter of David 
and Martha Smith. Her people came from 
England and the centennial of their resi- 
dence in Indiana was observed with prop- 
er ceremonies in 1918. Mrs. Nowlin was 
educated in the common schools of Dear- 
born County and has made the supreme 
object of her life her home and children. 
Of the five children born to their marriage 
four are living: Archv E., bom October 
6, 1884: J. Gertrude, bom May 31, 1886; 
Ama Lana, born August 11, 1893; and 
Martha Belle, born March 6, 1901. The 
son Archy was educated in the common 
schools of Dearborn County, is a graduate 
of the Lawrenceburg High School, attended 
college at Danville, Indiana, and is now a 
farmer in DeaH>om County. He married 
Elizabeth Huddleston. The daughter 
Gertrude was educated in the schools of 
Dearborn County and a private school at 
Lawreneehnrg, and is now the wife of Mil- 
ton L. Taylor of Indianapolis. Ama Lana 
has had a liberal education, beginning with 
the schools of Dearborn County and the 
Academy of Moores Hill College, and sub- 
8e<|uently took sp<»cial work in voice ancl 
elocntion in Moores Hill College. The 
youngest of the family, Martha Belle, at- 
tend^^d school in Dearborn County, high 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1585 



school at Lawrenceburg, and in 1918 eTi- 
tered the Manual Training High School 
of Indianapolis. 

Outer P. Nusbaum has been a factor iu 
business affairs at Richmond for upwards 
of thirty years, was formerly an aggres- 
sive insurance salesman and agent, but for 
many years has been a member of the 
firm Neff & Nusbaum, shoe merchants. 

Mr. Nusbaum was bom in Olive Town- 
ship of Elkhart County, Indiana, in 1867, 
son of C. W. and Elizabeth (Bechtel) 
Nusbaum. He grew up in that section of 
Indiana, attended the district schools in 
the winter terms and during the summer 
worked on the farm until he was sixteen 
years old. He also attended high school 
and taught country' school from the age 
of sixteen to twenty-one. He taught one 
term in Harrison Township of his native 
county, and then removetl to Marion 
County, Kansas, where he was engaged in 
teaching until 1889. In that year he came 
to Richmond and became bookkeeper for 
Robinson & Company, dealers in agricul- 
tural machinery. He was thus employed 
for five years, and then took up insur- 
ance. He held an agency for the State 
Life of Indianapolis and for the Mutual 
Life of New York. In 1895 he did much 
to promote the interests of the State Life 
in Wayne, Randolph, Jay and Blackford 
counties, Indiana. 

Mr. Nusbaum left the insurance business 
to bei*ome associated with E. D. Neff. who 
was formerlv assoi'iated in the shoe busi- 
ness with J. W. Cunningham, under the 
name NeflT & Nusbaum as shoe merchants. 
For 3Vj years their place of business was 
at 710 Main Street, and when they then 
bought the shoe stock of J. W. Cunning- 
ham and later the building at the corner 
of Seventh and Main, where their business 
has been a landmark in the retail district 
for the past twenty years. Mr. Nusbaum 
in 1915 was ele<*ted vice president of the 
American Trust & Savings Hank and has 
other local interests. 

In 1899 he married Mayme Neff, daugh- 
ter of E. D. and Alice (Compton) Neff, of 
Kichmond. They are the parents of two 
rhildren, Mildre<l and Edward. Mr. Nus- 
baum is an independent republican in poli- 
tics, a member of the First Enplish 
Lutheran Chnr«*h, and is affiliated with the 
Coinniorrial (Mub and the Rotan* Club, 



and is interested in Sunday School and 
Young Men's Christian Association work 
and local musical and charitable work. 

Mr. Nusbaum does not claim all the 
credit for the wonderful success of the 
business with which he is associated, but 
prefers to give much of it to those asso- 
ciated with him, whose knowledge of and 
devotion to the business have been large 
factors in making it a success. 

Raymond II. Wickemeyer is one of the 
younger business men of Richmond, but is 
one of the veterans in the Curme-Feltman 
Shoe Company, and has progressed from 
errand boy, his first place on the pay roll, 
to manager of that well known Richmond 
establishment. 

He was bom in Richmond November 8, 
1892, son of August and Emma (Flore) 
Wickemeyer. He attended public si'hool 
at Richmond, including Garfield High 
School, and after working six months as 
errand boy for Charles H. Feltman took 
a course in the Richmond Business College 
to better fit himself for advancement in 
his chosen field. He was then floor sales 
maji for the company, which was incor- 
porated in 1913, and from that he was ad- 
vanced to assistant manager. 

He resigned his place as assistant man- 
ager and on March 1, 1918, enlisted as a 
soldier in Casual Company No. 452 of the 
Eighth Provisional Regiment in the Slate 
of Washington. He was on duty in Wash- 
ington and later at Vancouver barracks, 
and after some months of intensive train- 
ing was mustered out January 16, 1919. 
On the same date of his muster out he was 
appointed manager of the Curme-Feltn.an 
Shoe Company. Mr. Wickemeyer is un- 
married, is an independent in politics and 
is a member of St. John's Lutheran 
Church. 

VoLNEY Thomas Maix)tt was bom in 
Jefferson County, Kentucky. His ancestry 
combines the blood of the French Huge- 
not and Scotch-Irish. His father's ma- 
ternal grandfather and his mother's pater- 
nal grandfather performed distinguished 
services in the Revolutionarj' war. (See 
Pennsylvania archives). His grandfather, 
Hiram Malott, a native of Maryland, re- 
moved between 1785 and 1790 to the State 
of Kentucky, and was a pioneer planter 
in Jefferson Count v, near Ix)uisville. He 



1586 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



died in that county at the age of sixty- 
three. During the War of 1812 he was a 
captain of the Kentucky Militia, and after 
the war was made a major. William H. 
Malott, son of Hiram Malott and father of 
Volney Thomas Malott, was bom in Ken- 
tucky about 1813, and lived the life of a 
farmer in his native state until 1841, when 
he came to Indiana. Here associated with 
his brother, Major Eli W. Malott, he en- 
gaged in the ** lower river trade,'* trans- 
porting breadstuffs and other provisions 
from the upper Ohio to the planters of 
Louisiana. This was a profitable business, 
but William H. Malott engaged in it only 
a few years, when his activities were ter- 
minated by his early death at the age of 
thirty-two, in November, 1845. 

The mother of Volney Thomas Malott 
was Leah Patterson McKeown. Her father 
was John McKeown, who sened under 
Gen. William Ilcnry Harrison in the In- 
dian war. After the close of the war Mr. 
McKeown removed from Kentucky and 
settled in Corydon, Indiana, where Leah 
was bom June 8, 1816. After her father's 
death, which o<*curred soon after her birth, 
the family returned to Kentucky. In 1837 
she was married to William H. Malott, 
and in 1841 went with him to make their 
home in Salem, Indiana. Two years after 
the death of William H. Malott his widow 
married John F. Ramsay, and in 1847 she 
came with her two small children to live 
with him in Indianapolis. 

The first schooling of Volney Thomas 
Malott was received in Salem, Indiana, 
when at the age of 3^0 years ho was sent 
to the private school kept by Mr. Thomas 
May. Later he attended the Washington 
County Seminary, kept by Mr. John I. 
Morrison. After coming to Indianapolis 
he attended the private school of Rev. 
William A. Ilollidav. the Marion County 
Seniinar>' and the Indianapolis High 
School. 

During his vacations he worke<l. He 
early realized that he would have his own 
way to make, and sought ever}* oppor- 
tunity to train a knowledge of business 
metho<ls that would prepare him for a 
business career. First he was employed 
during school vacation in Roberts' Drug 
Store: the next vacation in Wihnot's Hat 
Store, The vear he was fifteen his vacation 
was spent in the Traders* Rank, one of th<» 
state's **free" banks, where he learned 



to count money and become a judge of 
spurious and counterfeit money, in which 
he became an expert under the tutelage of 
late Chief Justice Byron K. Elliott, whom 
he later succeeded as teller in the Woolley 
Banking House. 

At the age of sixteen he entered the 
banking house of John Woolley & Com- 
pany, subsequently the Bank of the Capi- 
tol, having been pre-engaged to enter the 
bank when he should leave school. 

In 1857 he was offered, and accepted 
the position of teller of the Indianapolis 
Branch Bank of the State of Indiana, 
which had been recently organized, the 
predecessor of the Indiana National Bank. 
He served five years as teller, until in 
1862 he resigned the oflSce upon being 
elected a director, secretary and treasurer 
of the Peru & Indianapolis Railroad. Al- 
though offered the position of cashier of 
the bank at a better salary than he would 
receive from the railroad company, he de- 
clined for the reason that the railroad work 
would give him a wider experience in the 
business world, having in mind, however, 
to later reenter the banking business. In 
fact, he did not quit banking entirely, as, 
following his resignation as teller and his 
refusal to be cashier, he was elected a di- 
rector of the Indianapolis Branch Bank 
of the State of Indiana, and served until 
1865. 

In the spring of 1865 he obtained from 
Hon. Hugh McCullough, then secretary of 
the treasury of the United States, a char- 
ter for the Merchants National Bank, as- 
sociating himself with Messrs. Henry and 
August Schnull, Alexander Metzger and 
David Macy, and opening the bank for 
business on the 7th of June of that year, 
and tendering his resignation as treasurer 
of the railroad, which had then become 
the Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago Rail- 
road Company, which resignation was not 
accepted. Consequently he continued until 
1905 to be actively engaged both in operat- 
ing railroads and in banking. 

In 1870 the strenuous work Mr. Malott 
had been called upon to perform so affected 
his health that he found it necessary to 
retire from the bank, and he was then 
a.sked to build an extension of the Indian- 
apolis. Peru and Chicago Railroad to 
Michigan City, Indiana, which was com- 
pleted in the spring of 1871. Thereafter 
he took more active interest in the manage- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1587 



luent of the railroad, becoming later vice 
president and manager, which office he re- 
tained until 1883, the Indianapolis, Peru & 
Chicago Railroad having in the meantime 
gone into the control of the Waba&h Kail- 
roa<l Company in 1881, when he resigned 
to become vice president and manager of 
the ludiaiia|>olis Tnion Railway Company, 
operating the Belt. 

In 1889 Mr. Malott was appointed by 
Judge Walter y. (Jresham, of the United 
Stales District Court, rei*eiver of the Chi- 
cago and Atlantic Railway Company, now 
the Chicago & Eric Railroad Company. 
In 1890 he was electe<l president of the 
Chicago & Western Indiana Railway Com- 
pany, operating the Chicago Belt Railroad. 
Later he became chairman of the l>oard of 
directors of that company, having charge 
of the principal financial matters of these 
roads. I'pon the close of the receivership 
of the Chicago & Atlantic Railway Com- 
pany, in 1891, Mr. Malott was elected a 
direi'tor in the reorganize<l company, 
known as the Chicago & Erie Railroad 
Company. In 1892 he was elected a di- 
rector of the liouisville. New Albanv & 
Chicago Railroad Company (Monon) and 
served during the period that roa<l was 
under the control of J. P. Morgan & Com- 
pany. In 1895 he resigned his positions as 
chairman of the board of the Chicago & 
Western Indiana Railway Company and of 
the Chicago Belt Railroad Company, to 
take a much needed rest with his familv 
in Europe. 

In 1896 Mr. Malott was apfKiintcd by 
Judge William A. W^x)ds. of the Ciiited 
States I)istri<'t Court, receiver of the Terre 
Haute & Indianapolis Railn>ad (^ompany 
and its leased lines, known as the Vandalia 
System of Railroads, and operating the 
East St. Ixiuis & Carondolet Railroad, and 
later the Detroit & Eel River Railroad as 
trustee, closing his receivership of these 
lines in 1*K)5, when the system pa.<«ed un- 
der the control of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company. He remained as a director 
of the Vandalia System, and represented it 
on the board of the Indianapolis Union 
Railwav until Januarv 1, 1917. 

In 1879 Mr. Malott was elected presi- 
dent of the Merchants National Bank of 
Indianapolis, sening until 1882, when he 
sold his interest in that bank, having pur- 
cha.se<l an interest in the Indiana National 



Bank of Indianapolis, of which he was 
elected president. He filled that office un- 
til July 1, 1912, when the Capital National 
Bank and the Indiana National Bank were 
c*onsolidated, and he became chairman of 
the board, which position he still holds. 

In 1893 Mr. Malott, with Mr. John U. 
Ilolliday, organized the Union Trust Com- 
pany of Indianapolis, one of the most pros- 
l>erous financial institutions of the state. 
He is now, and has been continuously, a 
director and member of the executive com- 
mittee. 

Mr. Malott *s ability to organize and his 
strict adherence to correct business prin- 
ciples have enabled him to recon.struct and 
place on a scmnd finan<*ial basis the vari- 
ous corporations which he has been called 
upon to manage. During his long resi- 
dence in Indianapolis he has been identi- 
fi<Hl with nearly all the important civic 
and commercial organizations, being a cor- 
porator and president of the board of 
managers of Crown Hill Cemetery Asso- 
ciation, a meml>er of the Board of Trade, 
the Chamber of Commerce, the Columbia 
Club, the University (^lub, which he served 
as president M'veral years, the Indianapolis 
Art AssiK'iation, in which he has been a 
dire<'tor for years, and he and his wife are 
members of the .Meridian Street Metho<list 
Episcopal Chur<-h, of which he is president 
of the board of trustees. He is also an 
honorarv meinl>cr of the Bankers Club of 
Chicago. He was a member of an assoiria- 
tion of gentlemen in Indianapolis who 
started a library, and when their accumu- 
lation of books reached 8,000 volumes they 
contracted with the citv to take it over and 

• 

increase the number of volumes to 20,000. 
This was the foundation of the new mag- 
nificent City Library of Indianapolis. 

In 1862 Volnev Thomas Malott was mar- 
ried to Caroline M.. daughter of Hon. 
David and Mary (Patterscm) Macy, of 
Indianapolis. XIr. and Mrs. Malott be- 
came the parents of the following children : 
Marv Florence, wife of Woodburv T. Mor- 
ris, Indianapolis; Macy W., now vice presi- 
dent of the Indiana National Bank of In- 
dianapolis; Caroline Grace, wife of Ed- 
win IT. Forry, Indianapolis; Katharine F., 
wife of ArUiur V. Brown, Indianapolis; 
Ella L.. wife of Edgar H. Evans, Indian- 
apolis; and Margaret P., wife of Paul H. 
\Vhite, Indianapolis. 



1588 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Emsley W. Johnson, who has been in 
the active practice of law at Indianapolis 
for fifteen years, has a well won position 
as a lawyer and a no less worthy distinc- 
tion as a business man and citizen. 

Apart from the interest attaching to his 
individual career it is an appropriate rec- 
ord for a publication designed to cover the 
leading old families of Indiana that some 
mention should be made of his ancestors, 
which include some of the verj' earliest 
settlers of Marion County and represents 
old American stock, some of whom were 
participants in the war of the Revolution. 

Mr. Johnson s paternal ancestor came 
from England about 1745 and settled in 
Virginia. He ^^-as one of the colonial 
farmers or planters of that old common- 
wealth, spent his life there, and reared a 
large family. His son, Thomas Johnson, 
of the next generation, moved from Vir- 
ginia to Ohio in 1806. Through him the 
family vo<»ation of farmer was continued,' 
and he acquired a considerable tract of 
land in Preble County. The founder of 
the family in Indiana was his son, Jesse 
Johnson, who was bom in June, 1785, and 
accompanied his father from Virginia to 
Ohio. During the War of 1812 he served 
with an Ohio regiment throughout the 
period of hostilities. Jesse Johnson moved 
to a farm near Clermont in Marion County 
in 1823, and thus con.stituted one of the 
scattered settlements in this locality when 
the state capital was moved from Cor>'don 
and the new City of Indianapolis estab- 
lished. On his homestead he spent the rest 
of his life and died July 9, 1878, a few 
weeks after the birth of his great-grandson, 
the Indianapolis lawyer above mentioned. 

Of the eight children of Jesse Johnson, 
one was William K. Johnson, who was born 
March 20, 1819, in Ohio, and was four 
years old when the family move<l to Marion 
County. He actjuired a large farm near 
the line between Ilondricks and Marion 
counties and was a resident there until his 
death April 2, 19(»6. 

Joseph McClung Johnsr)n, son of Wil- 
liam K., was Ixirn April 1, 1843. on the 
Rockville H<md in Marion (Vmnty. His 
early <M]n<*ation was a pro<lurt of the foiii- 
mon s<*hfM)ls of Marion County an<l later 
of tho Danville Normal Srhool. His do- 
8(*en<!ants have every rea.soii to be proud 
of his rfM'onl as a soldior in the Civil war. 
He enlisted in 1>*62 as a private in the 



Fifth Indiana Cavalry, Ninetieth B^- 
ment, Indiana Volunteers, and served three 
years from the date of his enlistment in 
August During the early part of his 
service he was in the campaign against 
John Morgan's Cavalry in Indiana and 
Kentucky. The chief battles in which he 
participated were those of Olasgow, 
Jonesboro, Blountsville, Bulls Gap, Dan- 
dridge, Strawberry Plains, Atlanta, Stone- 
man 's raid toward Macon, and at Macon, 
Georgia, he was captured and sent to An- 
dersonville Prison, where he was confined 
for a period of seven months. Altogether 
he took part in twenty-two battles and skir- 
mishes. In the month of June, 1864, in 
Georgia, he was engaged in a battle al- 
most every day. 

Near New Augusta, Indiana, March 21, 
1867, Joseph McClung Johnson married 
Mar>' Wright. Concerning their family 
and ancestry many interesting facts can 
be told. 

Richard Wright, Sr., her paternal ances- 
tor, came from Scotland to the State of 
Mar>*land in 1742. His four sons were 
William, Amos, Richard, Jr., and Phil- 
burd. 

Philburd Wright, was born in Mary- 
land, saw active service as a Revolutionary 
soldier with a Marj'land regiment. About 
the close of that war he moved to Ran- 
dolph County, North Carolina, and for 
forty years served as a justice of the peace 
in that community. In advanced years he 
came west and settled at Brownsville, 
Tnion County, Indiana, May 12, 1813. He 
died in 1833. He was the father of eleven 
children. 

Joel Wright, one of his sons, was bom 
in Randolph County, North Carolina, Feb- 
ruarj' 5, 1795, and was still a youth when 
his parents came to Indiana territory. In 
November, 1815, he moved to the west fork 
of White River, in what is now known as 
Wayne County. De<-ember 22, 1821, he 
brought his family to the Broad Ripple 
north of Indianapolis, and thus was an 
even earlier resident in this pioneer com- 
munitv than the Johnson familv. He 
owned a large tract of land which is now 
a part of Meridian Heights. 

Emsley Wright, for whom the Indian- 
apolis lawyer was name<l, was one of the 
eight children of Joel Wright, and was 
lK)rn in Wavne Countv, Indiana, Februan' 
18, 1820. He was not two vears old when 



LXDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1589 



his parents removed to Washington Town- 
ship of Marion County, and there he spent 
his entire life. He died January 11, 1897. 
He owned a large tract of land in Wash- 
ington Township and cleared up several 
farms in the county. He also helped build 
the canal reaching from Broad Ripple to 
Indianapolis. For several years he ser\'ed 
as justice of the peace and for thirty years 
practiced law in this county. His name- 
sake therefore had a family precedence to 
guide him in the choice of a profession. 
Emsley Wright had two children, Marj' 
and John. 

Mary Wright was bom on the old home- 
steail in Marion County November 23, 
1848. By her marriage to Joseph Mc- 
Clung John.son she was the mother of three 
children, Cora Josephine, Emsley W^. and 
William P. Cora Josephine was born July 
21, 1868, has never married and now lives 
with her parents on the old farm in Marion 
County. The son AVilliam F. Johnson was 
educated in the Marion County schools 
and took the degree Doctor of Medicine at 
the Indiana Medical College in 1904. He 
has practiced medicine at Indianapolis 
since his graduation and has enjoyed much 
success as a physician and surgeon. He is 
now a first lieutenant in the United States 
army at Fort McPherson, Atlanta, Geor- 
gia. 

Emsley Vi, Johnson was bom on his 
father's farm in Marion Countv Mav 8, 
1878. He attended the new Augusta High 
School, received the degree Bachelor of 
Arts from Butler College, Bachelor of Phil- 
osophy at the University of Chicairo, and 
the degree Bachelor of Laws at the Indiana 
liaw School in 1903. During his practice 
Mr. Johnson has appeared as an attorney 
in many important trials in the county 
courts. His practice is of a general nature 
and has included the defense of a num- 
ber of important murder trials, and he 
has also been attomev in manv will contest 
cases involving large estates. For two 
years he was deputy prosecutor of Marion 
Countv and for four vears countv attor- 
ney. His professional service in the latter 
capacity was especially notable in the ac- 
tive part he took with the board of county 
(»ommisRi oners in the elimination of law- 
less saloons and dives. For the past two 
years he has aljw) devoted much time to 
the building of permanent improve<l high- 
ways in Marion County. 



Mr. Johnson is vice president of the New 
Augusta State Bank, a director in the 
Broad Ripple State Bank, and the People's 
State Bank of Indianapolis, and is also en- 
gaged to some extent in agriculture on a 
farm which he owns in Marion County. 

As a republican Mr. Johnson has been 
one of the leaders in his local party for 
many years. As a speaker he has cam- 
paigned not only in his home county but 
gave his services several weeks to the state 
republican committee in different cam- 
paigns. During the last year or so his 
services have been availed by the various 
war causes. He is a member of one of the 
conscription boards of Indianapolis and 
chairman of the general conscription board 
of the city. Among the war relief cam- 
paigns he was an organizer of the Liberty 
Loan drive and chairman of the War 
Chest organization for Marion County. 

Mr. Johnson is a member of the Indian- 
apolin Bar A&soeiation, the Indiana State 
Bar Association, the Chamber of Com- 
merce of Indianapolis, Marion Club, and 
several minor civic organizations. He is a 
Scottish Rite Mason, a Noble of the Mystie 
Shrine, an Odd Fellow, belongs to the Sons 
of Veterans, and is a past sachem of the 
Improved Order of Red Men. 

August 8, 1906, Mr. Johnson married 
Katherine Griffin. Her parents are Dr. 
Loyal B. and Denny Griffin of Greenfield, 
Indiana. Mrs. Johnson was educated in the 
Greenfield common schools and the Green- 
ficbl High School, and afterward received 
the degree Bachelor of Arts at Butler Col- 
lege, and the degree Bachelor of Phil- 
osophy at the University of Chicago. For 
a number of years before her marriage she 
taught in the Hancock County schools and 
the Greenfield High School. Mrs. Johnson 
was active in several literary clubs, and 
at the time of her death January 29, 1918, 
was president of the Zataphia Club. With 
all her home interests and activities she 
was an accomplished musician and was 
skilled in china painting. 

Mr. Johnson is left with two children, 
Mardenna, bom June 23, 1910, and 
Emsley Wright, Jr., bom Augu.st 11, 1913. 

Hkrbert Willard Foltz. Through hi« 
profession as an architect Herbert Willard 
Foltz has done much work t would 
serve to identify his name for ny 3 
with his native citv of Indiana 



1590 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



over the state at large. He is a man of 
great technical ability, sound taste and 
judgment, and the profession has come to 
recognize him as one of its real leaders. 

Mr. Foltz is a descendant of Indiana 
pioneers. His grandfather, Frederic, bore 
the family name of Von Foltz. His 
parents were born in Holland. Frederic 
von Foltz was bom in Maryland in 1799. 
He finally dropped the * * von ' ' and spelled 
his name simply Foltz. He had an ordi- 
nary education and when a young lad went 
to Ohio, where he married Sabina Willard, 
a native of Highgates, Vermont, and at the 
time of her marriage a teacher in Ohio. 
In 1833 Frederic Foltz came to Indian- 
apolis and made his home on what is now 
West Washington Street. He established 
a wagon, coach and carriage factory, and 
also operated a blacksmith shop where the 
American National Bank Building now 
stands at the corner of Pennsylvania and 
Market streets. He continued business un- 
til 1853, when he sold out. His industrial 
property subse<|uently became the site of 
the old postoffice building. His private 
affairs absorbed his attention after he re- 
tired from business, and he died in 1863. 
Though he was the type of man who looks 
strictly after his own affairs, he was rec- 
ognized as a strong and virile personality 
in the early dav's of Indianapolis. He 
voted the whig ticket and afterwards was 
a democrat. He and his wife had five chil- 
dren, two of whom died in infancy. The 
others were: Henr>', who died in 1854; 
Mary Isabel, bom in 1843 and now de- 
ceased, married George Carter; and 
Howard M. 

Howard M. Foltz was bom at Indian- 
apolis January 17. 1845. He finished his 
education in the old Northwestern Chris- 
tian (now Butler) University. In 1864, 
at the age of nineteen, he enlisted in the 
Union Navy and was assigned to duty on 
Admiral Porter's flagship on the Missis- 
sippi River. He was on duty on this ves- 
sel when it was burned. Later he was on 
a receiving ship until the close of the war. 
After his return to Indianapolis he was 
for six years representative of the Howe 
Sewinj? Machine Company, and then for 
thirteen years developed an extensive In- 
diana business for the D. H. Baldwin 
Piano Company. For the last twenty-one 
vears he has been connected with the 
Union Trust Company, of which he is now 



one of the vice presidents. He is a mem- 
ber of the Columbia and Commercial clubs, 
the Board of Trade, and the Grand Army 
of the Republic. He also belongs to the 
Navy League. In 1866 Howard M. Foltz 
married Mary Virginia Jones. Two chil- 
dren were born to them, Herbert W. and 
Anna Louise. The daughter died in 1890, 
at the age of twenty. 

Herbert Willard Foltz was bom at In- 
dianapolis Febraary 23, 1867. This city 
has always been his home. He was edu- 
cated in the city schools and in 1886 gradu- 
ated from Rose Polytechnic Institute at 
Terre Haute. With this specialized and 
technical training he served what amounted 
to a practical apprenticeship in structural 
engineering with the Illinois Steel Com- 
pany for four years. In 1891 Mr. Foltz 
established himself as an architect at In- 
dianapolis, and has been busy with his 
professional engagements for more than a 
quarter of a century. Some of the con- 
spicuous buildings of Indianapolis attest 
his architectural ideas. He planned both 
the Young Men's Christian Association 
buildings, the Bobbs-Merrill building, and 
many others less well known, and outside 
of Indianapolis he was architect for the 
Hospital for the Insane at Madison, the 
Epileptic Village buildings at Newcastle, 
the Indiana Masonic Home at Franklin, 
and a number of other buildings for state 
institutions. 

Mr. Foltz is a Fellow of the American 
Institute of Architects and of various local 
technical societies. In 1918 he was presi- 
dent of the Century Club of Indianapolis, 
and is also president of the Indianapolis 
School Board and is deeply interested in 
all matters affecting education. He is a 
thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason 
and Shriner and in politics is a republican. 
In 1893 he married Louise Bowen, a daugh- 
ter of Horatio F. and Ann Amy (Mowry) 
Bowen, of Joliet, Illinois. They have three 
children, Bertina Louise, Howard Frank- 
lin and Barbara Louise. Bertina Louise 
is now a student in Vassar College. 

Vincent A. Lapenta, M. D. Profession- 
ally Doctor Laponta is one of the able sur- 
geons of Indianapolis, a skilled specialist 
in abdominal surgery. But his range of 
influence and service is not confined within 
the strict limits of his profession. 

Doctor Lapenta is a native of Italy, and 




aZ««^ c^^^^^ezs" 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1591 



wa8 educated in the Royal University of 
Naples, from which he graduated with the 
degree Doctor of Medicine in 1906. His 
home in Naples where he was reared was 
in the midst of a colony of English people. 
He early learned to speak English fluently 
and with the Englishman's accent. After 
leaving the University of Naples he came 
to America, and did post-graduate work 
in Harvard Medical School and in the 
Medical School of the University of Illi- 
nois at Chicago, specializing in abdominal 
surger>'. 

Doctor Lapenta located at Indianapolis 
in 1912. That city has since been his home, 
and his practice is confined to abdominal 
surgery. He is a member of the County 
and State Medical societies and the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, the Clinical 
Congress of Surgeons, and all other organ- 
izations relating to the profession. In 1916 
Doctor Lapenta was elected a member of 
the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science and in 1918 he was ap- 
pointeti by the Italian government a dele- 
gate of the Italian Red Cross. 

Demands upon his professional services 
frequently call him to other cities and 
communities. Among the thousands of 
Italians in Indiana he is generally regarded 
as a great and good man, a reputation 
which his attainments and character thor- 
oughly justify. 

It is among the people of his own racial 
origin that his influence has been most 
widespread. He takes an unselfish interest 
in the welfare of his people. There are 
many thousands of people of Italian origin 
now American citizens engaged in the 
great industries of Indianapolis and Marion 
County, and also in the great industrial 
centers of Gary and the Calumet region, 
in the coal mines of the state, in mer- 
chandising and in the various professions. 
Most of these are home owners, thrifty, in- 
dustrious and altogether ideal citizens. 

Doctor Lapenta is a prominent member 
of the King IIuml>ert Society, a social and 
l»eneficial organization that was formed in 
1884. His far reaching influence has been 
exerciseti as president of the Italian Propa- 
ganda Committee of Indiana. This organ- 
ization is engaged in the educational work 
of making good American citizens of 
Italians who have come here and become 
naturalized or who though natives of Amer- 
ica have never received sufficient enlighten- 



ment on the principles and ideals of our 
democratic citizenship. There are no spe- 
cial obstacles or complicated problems in- 
volved in this propaganda, since the Italian 
race are the heirs of the oldest civilization 
we have and by nature and early training 
are thoroughly democratic. 

After coming to America Doctor La- 
penta married Miss Rose Mangeri. She 
was born in Southern Italy. They have 
two children, Catharine and Blase. 

John Tipton who was born in Tennessee 
in 1786, and died at Logansport, Indiana, 
in iH.'iO, iHH'amc a resident of this state in 
1807 and was one of the fearless early ex- 
ponents of law and order. He joined the 
"Vcllow Jackets," and subsequently at- 
tained the rank of brigadier general of 
militia. In 1819 General Tipton was sent 
to the Legislature, and was appointed by 
that bo<ly in 1820 to select a site for a new 
capital for Indiana, and it was on his mo- 
tion that Fall Creek was chosen. He was 
later a commissioner to determine with an- 
other commissioner from Illinois the boun- 
dary line between the two states. 

After a further service as Indian agent 
(fcncral Tipton was made a United States 
senator to fill a vacancy in 1831 and was 
reelected for that office. He was always 
intensely interested in the progress of In- 
diana and an efficient worker for its insti- 
tutions. He also held high office in the 
Masonic fraternity, becoming finally grand 
master. 

W. H. DisnER is secretary and treasurer 
of the Thomas Moffat Company, Incor- 
porated, one of the important jobbing con- 
cerns locate<l at Indianapolis. Mr. Disher 
represented this firm on the road for many 
years, and is now the chief executive in 
its management. The Thomas Moffat Com- 
pany, Incorporated, are dealers in heavy 
chemicals, laundry supplies, and a varied 
line of kindred products. 

Mr. Di.sher was bom in Preble County, 
Ohio, March 13, 1877, son of Peter L. and 
Catherine (Allen) Disher, natives of the 
same county. His father came to Indian- 
apolis in 1888, becoming foreman in a 
local lumber company, and was in the lum- 
ber business for twenty years. 

W. H. Disher was the oldest of i\\e 
children, four of whom are still living. 
After his education in the public schools 



JkadI 



1592 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



of Indianapolis he went to work in a fur- 
niture factory for two years, also at plumb- 
ing and gas fitting two years, and for a 
year and a half was with the Udell Manu- 
facturing Company. In 1899 he entered 
the service of the Moffat Chemical Com- 
pany and for fourteen years was the com- 
pany's traveling representative carrying 
their goods and products over practically 
the entire United States. Mr. Disher is a 
preeminent salesman, and the great volume 
of business he turned in annually was 
largely responsible for the steady growth 
and development of the Thomas Moffat 
Company. In 1913 he acquired a con- 
trolling interest in the business, and has 
since been its secretary and treasurer. 

Mr. Disher is affiliated with Lodge No. 
319, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
with the Knights of Pythas and Loyal 
Order of Moose, and is a member of sev- 
eral social clubs. October 5, 1903, he mar- 
ried Miss Bessie F. Coddy. Mrs. Disher 
was educated in the public schools of 
Rush County, Indiana. 

George C. Forrey. Jr. Few young men 
have gone so far and so rapidly toward 
high standing and successful position in 
the financial circles of Indianapolis as 
George C. Forrey, Jr. 

Mr. Forrey, who was bom at Anderson, 
Indiana, Januarj- 31, 1882, is the only son 
of the late George C. and Mary (Baxter) 
Forrey. His father, who died in 1918, 
was a successful and well known business 
man of Anderson. lie retired from busi- 
ness activities in 1908. 

George C. Forrey, Jr., attended public 
schools at Anderson until 1898, and then 
entered Culver Militant' Academy, from 
which he graduated in 1899. He is an 
alumnus of Williams College in Massa- 
chusetts, from which he received his Bach- 
elor of Arts degree in June, 1903. 

His business experience has l)ocn con- 
taine<l within the fifteen vears since he 
left Williams College. At first ho was a 
l>ond salesman with E. M. Campbell & 
Company, an Indianapolis investment con- 
cern. In 1905 he became associateil with 
Breed & Harrison of Cincinnati, a firm 
which rewarded him for his efficient and 
produt'tive ser\'ice by making him a part- 
ner in the business in 1012. The following 
year Mr. Forrey assisted in organizing the 
firm of Breed, Elliot & Harrison ojf In- 



dianapolis, Cincinnati and Chicago. He 
was elected vice president of the company 
and has active charge of the Indianapolis 
branch of the business. Mr. Forrey has 
also been honored with the offices of sec- 
retary, vice president and president of the 
Indianapolis Stock Exchange. He was 
one of the three members of the committee 
for the State of Indiana promoting the 
sale of the first two issues of Liberty 
bonds. In the last two issues of Liberty 
bonds, in addition to being a member of 
the state committee he was director of the 
State Speakers' Bureau. He was also ap- 
pointed during the latter part of the war 
as assistant chief of the Educational In- 
dustrial Section for Indiana of the United 
States Ordnance Department, and was 
offered a commission as captain and de- 
clined for the reason that he felt he could 
more effectively conduct the department 
as a civilian. Fraternally he is an active 
Mason, having affiliated with the blue 
lodge at Anderson, and with the Scottish 
Rite Consistory at Indianapolis. 

April 23, 1913, Mr. Forrey married Miss 
Lucia Hurst, of Anderson, Indiana, daugh- 
ter of Alfred D. and Iva (Bridges) Hurst. 
Mrs. Forrey graduated from DePauw Uni- 
versity at Greencastle, Indiana, with the 
class of 1904, and before her marriage was 
teacher of German and mathematics in the 
public schools of Crown Point, Indiana, 
and Bryan, Ohio. Mr. Forrey has two 
children: George C, third, born May 8, 
1907; and Elheurah J., born February 19, 
1906. 

CoLUMBi's Horatio Hall, D. D., A. M. 
The deepest appreciation of the scholarly 
services of Doctor Hall is cherished by 
that great body of former students, both 
men and women, who at different times in 
the past forty years have prepared for the 
duties and responsibilities of life within 
the walls of old Franklin College. Doctor 
Hall has never achieved wealth and high 
business station in the State of Indiana. 
He has done that which mature judgment 
of men at all times has pronounced greater 
and better, has devoted his talents and 
years to the education and training of 
young men and women and has lived the 
simple life of the scholar and is one of 
the finest examples of the old time college 
professor. 




INDIANA AND INDIAXANS 



1593 



Doctor Hall was bom at the little Town 
of Chili in Miami County, Indiana, No- 
vember 17, 1846. Hi8 grandfather, 
Horace Hall, waa a New York State man, 
settled at Perr>'8burg, Ohio, owned a black- 
smith and for^ in the town and was a 
deacon of the Baptist Church. Nelson 
Columbus Hall, father of Doctor Hall, was 
l)om in New York State, ^ew up in Ohio, 
and after coming to Indiana established 
himself in the dry goods business at Peru, 
where he was in partnership with his only 
brother, Horatio Hall. They aftemard 
established a branch of their store at Chili, 
where Nelson C. Hall spent his most ac- 
tive years. He was a highly influential 
citizen in the community, was a pioneer of 
that locality, a deacon in the Baptist 
Church, and ever ready to support any 
movement that meant increased good. He 
died at Chili in February, 1889. The rtrsl 
church established in that Iwality was of 
the Methodist denomination. It was con- 
sidered a guarantee of the success of any 
nu^eting for any cause whatsoever if Nel- 
son C. Hall could l>e persuaded to act as 
leader. While a man of special talent in 
this direction, he preferred the simple, 
quiet life and never sought public office 
of anv kind. 

Colftmbus H. Hall spent his early tla.vs 
at Chili. When lie was eleven years old 
the family moved to Akron, Indiana, living 
tlu»re for seven years, until the close of 
the Civil war. Th«\v then returned to 
Chili. I)(K*tor Hall spent a year in the 
Peru High School and was als4) given a 
business training as clerk in his father's 
store. When about nineteen years old he 
was a student for one year in the Ladoga 
Seminary. He prepared there to teach 
school, and at that time his ambition was 
for the me<lical profession. In 1S66 Dcx'tor 
Hall entered Franklin College at Frank- 
lin, finishing his preparatory work and 
remaining a student until February, 1872, 
when the college was temporarily sus- 
pen<led. He then entered the old Cni- 
versitv of Chicago, where he was gradu- 
ated A. B. in June, 1872. In 189:) the 
Cnivcrsity of Chicasfo untlcr its pres4»nt 
incorporation conferred \ipon him the 
honorary* dcjrree B. .\. He prepan^l for 
the ministry by three years in the Baptist 
Cnion Theolo^i<al Seminary of Chicajjo, 
graduating B. D. in 187.'). 

In the nieantiine he had been invited by 

Tol. IT— I 



Doctor Stott, president of Franklin Col- 
lege, to accept a professorship in that 
school in the science department. This 
gave Doctor Hall an opportunity to do 
special work, and he afterward fllled the 
chairs of Latin, rhetoric and history. In 
1879, when Professor J. W. Monereith re- 
tired from the chair of Greek, Doctor Hall 
at his 0W71 re<|uest was made professor of 
Greek and Latin. For over thirty years 
he was head of the department of these 
classical languages and retired from the 
Greek professorship in 1912. For twenty- 
five years he also served as vice president 
of Franklin College, and during an illness 
of Doctor Stott was acting president in 
the spring of 1885. 

Doi'tor Hall is one of the leading Greek 
scholars of the country. He has written 
a number of lectures on the tragedies of 
Sophcx*l(*s and other Greek writers, and has 
read the Greek Testament from beginning 
to end 107 times. As a teacher Doctor 
Hall always sought to infect his pupils with 
his own enthusiasm and do much more 
than merely inspect them. How well he 
succeetled in this aim needs no testimony 
beyond the grateful acknowledgment of 
his older students. He has carried his 
scholarsliip abroad, has frequently ad- 
dressed graduating cla.sses at high schools, 
has lectured throughout Indiana and also 
at the Cnivcrsity of Wis(»onsin. Many 
times he appeared in formal addresses be- 
fore the Baptist Asswiation. Doctor Hall 
has reinforced his scholarship with ex- 
ten.sive travel, especially in the tropical 
c<mntries of Greece and Italy, the Holy 
I^nd and Eg>pt. He is a member of the 
old Classical Association of Indiana Col- 
leges. He represents Franklin College at 
the present time on the war .safety pro- 
gramme. He is a member of the Phi Delta 
Theta and is a thirty-second degree Scot- 
tish Rite Mason and has taken all the 
York Rite degrei^. He has been a pre- 
late of Franklin Commanden* of the Grand 
Lodge for thirty-four consecutive years, 
and in 191. 'Mo was grand prelate and for 
fo\ir vears was grand chaplain in the 
Grand Council. 

There is a proverb that **Tlic Glory of 
Chibirm are Their Fathers.'* an<l it is also 
trut» that the glory of fathers is in their 
children. With all the wide range of 
a<hi«'veiiient ai»(l experience to his credit, 
l)(K'tor Hall (loubtless liiuls his greatest 



1594 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



comfort in his declining years in the noble 
BODS and daughters who have come to man- 
hood and womanhood at his old home in 
Franklin. Doctor Hall married, June 15, 
1875, Theodosia Parks. They were mar- 
ried in the house where Doctor and Mrs. 
Hall still reside. She was bom at Bedford, 
Indiana, and graduated from Franklin Col- 
lege in 1874 and for a time was a tutor in 
Latin at Franklin. For many year^ she 
was president of the Baptist Missionary 
Society and also its general director and 
finally became its honorary president. Her 
parents were Rev. R. M. and Jsnc T. 
(Short) Parks, both of Bedford and now 
deceased. Her father was a Baptist mi- 
nister of that city. Of the children born to 
Doctor and Mrs. Ilall two are deceased. Zoe 
Parks Hall, the eldest, who wa.s bom in 1876 
and died in December, 1907, married John 
Hall, of Johnson County, and was the 
mother of one daughter. Catherine Zoe, 
bora in July, 1907. Her husband is a 
farmer in Johnson County. 

The second child. Mary Griswold Hall, 
born in October. 1878, is the wife of Dr. 
G. M. Selhy. of Retlkey. Indiana, and has 
one son, Horace Hall Selby. born in July, 
1<)06. 

Arnold Albert Bennett Hail, a son who 
inherits many of the scholarly talents of 
his father, was bora iu July, 1881. He 
gradnated from Franklin College and from 
the law department of the Cniversity of 
Chicago. While at Tniversity he v.m a.s- 
sistant to President Judson and also an 
instructor. He is now as.sistant professor 
of the department of |)olitical science and 
law at the University of Wisconsin. He 
has had a wide range of work, having 
taught one year at Northwestcra Univer- 
sity, was employed by the Camegie Foun- 
dation of Peace, and ft>r two years was an 
instructor at Dartmouth College. He has 
lectureil at institutiims throughout the va- 
rious slates and his work as biturer is in 
great ilemand. He has hijrh qualifications 
as a speaker, but these ipialitii'Rtions serve 
only to enlarge the breatlth of his scholar- 
ship. an<l he is t<Miay recogni^eii a-s one 
of the men m<»st gifted in educating and 
influencing jmpular opinion. He wrote 
and revisetl 'Fishback's Klementary Law." 
and i-i author of ■■Omline »jf Intemational 
Law" lie is now wrviiig <in the tmard of 
directors of the Lasalle Extension Univer- 



sity of Chicago. He married Grace Car- 
ney, of Franklin, in June, 1911. 

Doctor Hall's fourth child, Theodore, was 
bom in 1883 and died in infancy. 

Letitia Theodora Hall, bora in Sep- 
tember, 1886, married Prof. R. E. Carter, 
of the University of Kansas. 

Warren Short Hall, bora in January, 
1889, is now a sergeant major in the 
Fourth Battalion of the One Hundred and 
Fifty-Ninth Depot Brigade at Camp Tay- 
lor. 

Nelson Clarence Hall, born in January, 
1891, is a sergeant in Camp Custer. Esther 
Marguerite Hall, bora in September, 1895, 
is now a teacher at Lawrence, Kansas. 
Florence Christine Hall, born in June, 
1903, is a student in high school. All 
the children except the youngest and oldest 
are graduates of Franklin College. The 
service flag in the home of Doctor Hall at 
Franklin has two stars, indicating that he 
has given two of his sons to the world-wide 
war for freedom. 

D. L. Seybebt. Perhaps no subject of 
the present time comes oftener into con- 
versation than that of saving, or, in other 
words, thrift, for saving is the child of 
thrift. There are. undoubtedly, many waya 
to he frugal with an eye to the future, and 
people, according to their training, knowl- 
edge and intelligence, probably conscien- 
tiously carry out their own ideas, more or 
less succes.sfully. Under the head of thrift 
no well informed individual would hes- 
itate to place life insurance, for noth- 
ing in the way of saving can l)e more prac- 
tical. It offers not only an easy way to 
save, hut in its many advantages as pro- 
vided not only by the sound and stable 
insurance companies of the country, but 
in these days a.s a recognized government 
measure, it means a safe investment of 
funds and the a-ssurance that old age and 
unprotected childhood, alike, will be saved 
from suffering and disaster. To bring these 
facts to the attention of the public has been 
the business for a number of years of 
D. L. Seybert. who is the able superin- 
tendent (if the Con«er\ative Life Inaurance 
Companv of America, with offices at Ander- 
son. Indiana. 

D. L. Seybert was born in Andemo 
Township. Madison County, Indiana. Jnlv 
11.187.^. His parents were Jo«ep)i W. 
Zoa (Harrison) Seybert, have many 1 




INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1595 



generations of good American ancestors 
hack of them. The father has always been 
a farmer, the Seyberts as a family having 
always followed agricultural pursuits. D. 
L. Seybert obtained his education in the 
public schools and was graduated from the 
Anderson High School in 1902. He then 
went to work with the Andenwn Carriage 
Company, contracting to oversee and build 
the running gear for carriages. Mr. Sey- 
l>ert displayeil great executive ability in 
the management of the men, and during 
the five years he continued with that com- 
pany provcil satisfactory and efficient and 
was able to lay aside some capital. Subse- 
(|uently Mr. Seybert entered the employ 
of the Art Mirror Company, of Anderson, 
with which concern he remained for three 
years, and during that time was foreman 
of the polishing department. 

Mr. Seybert then embarkeil in the gro- 
cer v business at Anderson, and succ(*ssfully 
conductcil this enterprise for two years and 
then sold advantageously. In the mean- 
while he became interested to some extent 
in investments in southern land which, 
however, did not prove profitable, although 
he spent a year in looking after his interests 
in the Delta Farms proposition near New 
Orleans. liouisiana. Finding his usual gocnl 
business judgment somewhat at fault in 
relation to this land, Mr. Seybert returned 
then to Andenwm and sul)se<|uently ac- 
c-eptc»<l the su peri n tendency of the con- 
struction of the Anderson turnpike, one 
of the concrete highways of which the city 
is justly proud. About this time Mr. Scy- 
Wrt became intereste<l in the ins\irance 
busines.s and entered the Prudential Life 
Insurance (*ompany as an agent and sold 
insurance for that company until 1915 and 
then transferred to the Conservative Life 
Insurance Company of America, and after 
one year as an agent, on Deceml)er 28. 1916, 
was made superintendent. 

Mr. Sevbert was married in 1909 to Miss 
Grace Smelser. who is a daughter of Solon 
and Mattie (Wood) Smelser. The father 
of Mrs. Seybert is a man of prominence 
in Madison County and served as sheriff 
from 1905 to 1909*. During this time Mr. 
Seybert served under Sheriff Smelser as 
deputy sheriff. He has always been a re- 
publican and ver\' loyal to his party, but 
with the exception of the above public posi- 
tion has accepted no political preferment. 
He was reared in the faith of the Baptist 



Church and has continueii a member of 
that body, but is liberal-minded and con- 
tributes to the support of other religious 
organizations and to benevolent movements 
generally. In the many calls on personal 
generosity in these weary days of world 
conflict Mr. Seybert has been as helpful 
as his means will permit and has lent his 
influence to the support of law and order 
in recognition of his responsibility as a 
representative citizen. He is identified 
fraternally with the Knights of Pythiaa 
and the Kctl Men. 

Jon.v T. Be.\si.ey, a lawyer whose ad- 
mission to the Indiana bar was chronicled 
in 1881, has enjoyed many of the finest 
honors of his profession, and while his 
home has nearly always l)een in Terrc 
Haute he is also ef|ually known in Indian- 
apolis and other cities of the state. He 
is al.so prominent as a banker. 

A native of Indiana, Mr. Beasley was 
»)orn in Sullivan County May 29,^1860, 
M(m of Ephraim and Sarah (Williams) 
Heaslcy. He grew »ip in Sullivan County, 
attende<l the common schools and in 1880, 
at the age of twenty, began reading law 
with the firm of Biiff & Patten at Sullivan. 
He had the type of mind which assimilates 
knowledge without difficulty and in 1881 
he was admitted to the bar at Sullivan 
and liegan practice with his preceptors 
as member of the firm Huff, Patton & Beas- 
ley. Two years later iie bought the in- 
terests of his partners and formed with 
a partnership with A. B. Williams under 
the name Hcaslcv & William.s. Thev main- 
taine<l offices lK)th at Sullivan and at In- 
dianapolis until November, 1893, at which 
time Sir. Beasley removed to Tcrre Haute 
and l)e<*ame associated with Hon. John 
E. Lamb. The firm of Lamb & Beasley 
gained prominence all over the state. 

Mr. Beasley has been more or less active 
in politics for many years. He was three 
times elected a meml>er of the Indiana 
Oeneral As.sembly. His first election 
came in 1886, when he representeil Sul- 
livan. Vigo and Vermilion Counties. Dur- 
ing the sessions of 1889 and 1891 he was 
chairman of the Judiciary' House Com- 
mittee. 

Mr. Beasley was the first president of 
the Commercial Club of Terre Haute. 
Much of his time and attention is now 
given to his duties as president of the 




1596 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



United States Trust Company of Terre 
Haute. November 5, 1895, he married 
Cora Hoke. They have one son, John 
Hoke Beasley, born April 7, 1897. 

Francis M. Wu^iams. Apart from the 
faithful and splendid service he has 
rendered as county auditor of Delaware 
County, the fact that ^ves the career of 
Francis M. Williams special interest is the 
enthusiasm and almost unanimity on the 
part of his fellow citizens regardless of 
party affiliations in supporting him for a 
second term in that office. At a time 
when the old division in the republican 
party was rapidly healing and Delaware 
County was resuming its normal complex- 
ion as a republican stronghold, Mr. Wil- 
liams* personal popularity and signal abil- 
ity he had shown through his previous 
incumbency caused his candidacy to be 
looked upon as a non-partisan matter, and 
as such deserving of renewed support. 
Thus it was that he came into his second 
tenn of office with what amounteil to a 
non-partisan vote. 

Mr. Williams has h)ng l)een a resident of 
Muncie and went into county office after 
many years of service with local banks 
and financial institutions. Hr was l>oni 
in Grant CVmnty, Indiana, on a farm, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1872, son of E. B. and Catherine 
M. (Nesbitt) Williams. His father was of 
Scotch and English parentage and a na- 
tive of Ohio, while the mother was of an- 
eestrj- that goes back to England and to 
verv earlv colonial times in America. Mr. 
Williams' grandfather was a pioneer in 
Adams County, Ohio, where he spent the 
rest of his life as a fanner. Besides operat- 
ing a farm he also operatetl a flour mill in 
the cxnnity for many years. E. B. Wil- 
liams, a native of Adams County, practi- 
rally grew up at his father's mill and 
learnwi the trade of iniliwriglit and mill 
manager. He was a very expert meehaiii- 
cal engineer, but after re!iii>vi?i«r to (Jraiit 
Coiinty. Indiana. enLM^r•*<l in farming on 
a place tw»*lve miles \vt»st of Marion, tin* 
count V seat. That was his home for more 
than half a rt»nt»iry. He died there in 
IHS'J. He was an exemplary »iti/.tMi, had 
the r«i!itidt»nci» 4>f the entii'c «-oinnninity. 
and for nianv years served as justire of 
the |>ca«*»v He was a stcrliiiL'' (b-in<M*rat. 
and did inu«*h to build uj* the party in his 
count V. Hr was atViliateil with the In- 



dependent Order of Odd Fellows and was 
one of the early members of the Church 
of Christ in his community. He was a 
close student of the Bible, and having the 
ability to express himself in a manner 
that was at once convincing and pleasing, 
he used this faculty to do good in many 
ways. 

Francis M. Williams was the youngest 
in a family of six children, four sons and 
two daughters. He grew up in Grant 
County, had a country school education, 
and in 1889, at the age of seventeen, sought 
the larger opportunities of the then grow- 
ing oil center city of Muncie. For six 
years he was connected with the Standard 
Oil Company. He then entered the Mer- 
chants National Bank of Muncie as book- 
keeper, held that position over five years, 
and then joined the Muncie Savings and 
Ix)an Company in charge of its books, and 
was only called from its duties there when 
he was first elected auditor of Delaware 
County in 1910. His first term ran until 
1914. In that year, nominated again on 
the democratic ticket, he succeeded in over- 
coming a normal republican majority in 
a county of 4,000, and received a large 
percentage of republican votes. 

Throughout his career at ^luncie Mr. 
Williams has been greatly attached to the 
citv, has worked in harmonv with the move- 
mcnts calculated to bring it larger growth 
and better facilities, and whether in official 
or in private life his career is one that 
will reflect honor on anv communitv. As 
a county official he has looked upon him- 
self as the servant of the people, and has 
conducted his office to the best interests 
of all. 

Mr. Williams was one of the progressive 
workers at Muncie who sustained the long 
campaign which resulted in the eriHition 
of the handsome Young Men's Christian 
Association building, and he has been iden- 
tified with that institution for a number 
of vears. He is one of the leading lavmen 
of the Church of Christ, has been a church 
official, and for over twenty-ei<rht years 
served as su[)erintcndent of its Sunday 
School. In a perio<l of a quarter of a 
century Mr. Williain^^ missed attending the 
servir«»s of his home chunh onlv twelve 
Sundavs. In Ma^onrv he has tilled all 
the chairs af his local lod^'e and is a thirty- 
se<-on<l de<rrec Sc(»ttish Rite Mason and 
Shriner. 




^^Uf^^^M^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1597 



September 3, 1892, he married Ada 
Spradling, daughter of J. F. Spradling, 
who for many years waa- a well known 
hardware merchant at Quincy. Mrs. Wil- 
liams* ancestors on both sides were soldiers 
of the Revolutionary war. They have three 
children, two sons and one daughter. 

John E. McGettigan during his forty- 
five years' residence in Indianapolis has 
contributed materially to the civic and in- 
dustrial advancement of the community. 
F'or many years he was engaged in the 
promotion and building of railroads and 
other industrial enterprises. He has been 
identified with the tlevelopment of a num- 
ber of the best known industrial and trans- 
portation enterprises in the states of In- 
diana, Illinois and Ohio. 

Mr. McGettigan was born in Ireland, 
and when he was four years of age his 
parents came to this country and settled 
on Kelley s Island in I^ke Erie. Ohio. On 
that island, and near Sandusky, he spent 
his youth. At the age of about fifteen he 
went to Cincinnati, where he was em- 
ployed by the private freight car line 
known as th«* Great Eastern Dispatfh. 
When he was alxuit twentv-three vears old 
Mr. McGettigan formed a partnership with 
Col. E. C. Dawes, of Cincinnati. Col- 
onel Dawes held his official rank and title 
from service in the Civil war. The part- 
nership was forme<l for the purpose of 
contracting for the construction and op- 
eration of railroads under the name E. C. 
Dawes & Company. They were engaged 
in Imsjiicss a short time before the panic 
of IST.*^ when railroad building and other 
in<hiKtries were at a boom period of de- 
velopment. E. C. Daw«»s & (^ompany han- 
dle<l th«* financinjr and construction of hun- 
dreds of miles of railroads in Illinois. 
Indiana and Ohio — lines which are . now 
part of several great railroad systems. 

Mr. McCiettigan came to Indianapolis 
in 1874 an<l has \yoen a resident of this 
city since that time. In Indianapolis the 
partnership name of E. C. Dawes & Com- 
pany was changed to Dawes & McGettigan, 
and the ran(?e of operations included not 
only railroad building b\it also dealing in 
railroad supplies and promotinir coal mines. 
In <'oal <levclopment their chief e.xj>loit was 
opening in ISWK) the famo\is St. I^niis & Big 
Mu«ldy coal mine at Cartersville in Wil- 
liamson County, Illinois, with a capital 



stock of $300,000. E. C. Dawes was presi- 
dent and Mr. McGettigan was treasurer. 
Williamson County coal has long had a 
special significance in coal trade circles. 
For the past year or so Williamson County 
coal has become recognized almost as the 
highest standard of soft coal among 
hundreds of thousands of householders 
throughout the middle West. Thus the 
firm of Dawes & McGettigan were pioneers 
in developing what has since become the 
largest coal mine district in Illinois. 
Sometime afterward this coal company 
was sold to the Illinois Central Railroad. 

In 1888 this firm also organizetl the In- 
dianapolis Switch & Frog Company, one 
of their associates being the late vice pres- 
ident of the Cnited States, Charles W. 
Fairbanks, who was also interested in some 
of their railroad enterprises. It is per- 
haps unneces.sary to state that this was 
one of the large and conspicuous manufac- 
turing industries of Indianapolis, and 
since its removal to Springfield, Ohio, has 
be<*ome one of the biggest concerns of its 
kind in the country. 

In 1893 Mr. McGettigan was appointed 
receiver for the Premier Steel Company, a 
large beam and Bessemer stc*el plant located 
in Indianapolis. 

Colonel Dawes died in 1895, and the 
partnership was dissolved, after which Mr. 
McGettigan continued his operations indi- 
vidually. His most important achieve- 
ment after that time was the promotion of 
the Indianapolis Soiithern Railroad, which 
is now the Indianapolis Division of the Illi- 
nois Central Railroad. 

Mr. .McCJettigan ha.s been prominent in 
the civic affairs of Indianapolis for (nany 
years. He has serve<l as chairman of the 
l(K'al finance committe«'s for manv conven- 
tions and public movements, including the 
following: The (Jold Democratic Conven- 
tion in 1896. the Monetary- Conventions in 
1897 and 1898, the public reception to 
President McKinlev in 1898, the dcMlication 
of the General I^awton monument in 1900, 
the dedication of the Soldiers and Sailors 
monument in 1902. He was gi*neral chair- 
man of the committee on arrang»*ments for 
entertaining the Japanese Commission in 
19(>9. Since March, 1911, Mr. McGetti- 
gan has l)een secretary of the Greater In- 
<lianapo]is Industrial Association, and his 
ass(KMates freely cre<lit his efforts, b 
skill and experience with much of i 



1598 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



cess of the Association. This Association 
was organized in November, 1910, for the 
purpose of developing a tract of land com- 
prising approximately 900 acres as an in- 
dustrial suburb of Indianapolis. Besides 
a large number of lots for business and in- 
dividual homes 218 acres were held for 
free sites for factories. One of the greatest 
obstacles to carrying out the plans of the 
executives of the Association was the ab- 
sence of ready transportation to and from 
Indianapolis. Though a franchise and 
right of way were secured the street rail- 
way interests were not disposed to hazard 
the investment required to construct the 
line. To overcome this difficulty the di- 
rectors of the Association, believing that 
street car service was essential to the de- . 
velopment of **Mars Hill/' paid out of 
their own treasury over forty thousand 
dollars for the construction of the track 
and its equipment with poles and trolley 
wire, and then leased the line to the In- 
dianapolis Traction & Terminal Company 
for operating purposes. Operation of 
street ear service began in November, 1914, 
and tho\igh the first ten months showed a 
small deficit, the net income is steadily in- 
creasing, and during 1918 it was reported 
that the net earnings to the Association 
from the line averaged over $900 a month, 
or approximatelv $11,500 for the vear 
1918. 

With good transportation assured the 
progrress of **Mars Iliir* has been steadily 
forward, and the suburb has now a popula- 
tion of over ^\e hundred and the directors 
of the Association firmly believe that within 
a few years the population will be in- 
creased to several thousand. 

The Association made contracts with the 
Indianapolis Water Company to extend its 
water mains to the suburb, sewers have 
been eonstnieted, and the Indianapolis 
Light & Heat Company and the Merchants 
Light & Heat Company have also extended 
their service to this eommunitv. 

The Greater Indianapolis Industrial As- 
sociation is by no means a close corpora- 
tion, sinee more than 800 persons own 
sto<*k. and the lot owners in the suburb are 
also stm'kholders in the Association and 
have a direct voice in the management of 
its affairs. The executive officials, electeil 
by the board of directors, for the year 
19181919 are: 0. D. Haskett, president; 
John F. Darmody, vice-president ; John R. 



Welch, treasurer; and John E. McGtetti- 
gan, secretary. 

Mr. McGtettigan, in addition to the work 
he does as secretary of the Association, is 
also secretary of the Advance Realty Com- 
pany, which is composed of a number of 
stockholders of the Association and is em- 
ploying its capital stock for the purpose 
of improving vacant real estate in **Mar8 
Hiir* — most of these houses being retained 
by the company for rental purposes. 

Maurice Thompson, one of Indiana's 
noted authors and public men, was bom 
in Fairfield, Indiana, in 1844. His parents, 
who were Southerners, moved to Kentucky 
and later to Northern Georgia. Maurice 
Thompson was educated by private tutors, 
and early became interested in nature 
study. During the Civil war he was a 
soldier in the Confederate army, and after 
the close of the struggle he returned to 
his native State of Indiana and became a 
civil engineer on a railway survey and 
later became chief engineer. Mr. Thomp- 
son then studied law and began practice 
at Crawfordsville. He was elected to the 
Legislature in 1879, and in 1885 was ap- 
pointed state geologist of Indiana and chief 
of the department of natural history. He 
is the author of many noted works. 

Edward Constantine Milxjer. When 
Mr. Miller was made postmaster of Fort 
Wayne three years ago his appointment 
was justified by a host of reasons besides 
political allegiance. He is a man of long 
and thorough business experience and 
training, and the postoffice has responded 
to the efficiency with which he formerly 
conducted his private affairs. 

Mr. Miller was bom in Allen County, 
Indiana. November 30. 1872. son of Sam- 
uel and Louisa M. (Null) Miller. Samuel 
Miller is still well remembered at Fort 
W^ayne. He was born in Wells County, 
Indiana, January 14. 1850, and at the 
age of eighteen removed to Fort Wayne, 
and in a few years had made his mark 
in loeal journalism. He died in 1887, at 
the age of thirty-seven, and at the time 
of his death was proprietor of the Fort 
Wayne Journal. His wife, a native of 
Ohio, bom in 1856. removed to Fort Wayne 
with her parents in 1863 and is still living 
in that city. There were three children: 
Edward C. ; August, a resident of Wash- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1599 



in^irton I). C. ; and GIo D., wife of E. J. 
Ricke, of Fort Wayne. 

Kdward C\ Miller wan educated in the 
public schools of his native city and after 
his father's death worketl as a paper car- 
rier, also as lK)okkeei>er and fn)in 1893 
for ten years was a traveling? salesman, 
lie represent4?d the Mclntosh-Huntin^on 
Company, wholesale hardware, of Cleve- 
land, and also the Basset t- Presley Steel 
and Iron Company of Cleveland. 

In 1!H)3 Mr. Miller became local manajfer 
for the Fort Way»e Brick Company, and 
was the resp(msible director of that im- 
portant industry for twelve years. On 
May 15, 1915, President Wilson ap|H»inted 
him |H>st master of Fort Wayne, and he 
entered ujmhi his duties in the following? 
«June. 

Mr. Miller is secretary and treasurer of 
the Fort Wayne C(»ncrete Tile Company 
and a director of the Morris Plan Bank, 
lie is now .serving his se<*ond term as pres- 
ident of the Fort Wayne Commercial Club 
and is memln^r of the State lioard of the 
American Red Cross. There are many 
proofs of his leadership in community af- 
/airs. At the age of twenty-six he was 
elect-ed a memWr of the Citv Council and 
held that office until 1903." In 1916 he 
was ^neral chairman of the Executive 
Committee for the Fort Wayne Centennial 
Celebration. 

Mr. Miller is one of the l)est known Ma- 
sons in Indiana and has l>een honored with 
the thirty-third. Supreme, dejrree in the 
Scottish Rite. lie is also affiliate<l with 
Fort Wayne Ixnlf^e of Elks and the Royal 
Order of Moose, and is a member of the 
Rotar>- Club and Quest (1ub. Manh 12, 
1893, Mr. Miller marrie<l Miss Nellie II. 
Fahlsing, daufi^hter of Charles W. and Hen- 
rietta E. (ZoUars) Fahlsing. Mr. and 
Mrs. Miller have one daughter, Ednell. 

Pa!'l Baker is a well known younjf 
business man of Anderson and his record 
has l>een one of consistent hanl work ever 
since he .started life on his own responsi- 
bility. 

lie was bom in Indianapolis in 18M8, 
son of Manville and Johanna (Butterfield) 
Baker. The Bakers are an old Vermont 
family, moving from there to Ohio, where 
Manville leaker was !K>m, one of seven 
sons. Manville diet! in Ohio in 1915. 

Paul Baker only child of his parents, 



was educated in the Indianapolis public 
schools. At the age of thirteen it became 
nece88ar>' for him to leave school and find 
means of self support. For a time he 
worked in the old Park Theater of Indian- 
a[>olis, then for throe years was stock boy 
for Levi Brothers & Company, and also 
learned the paper cutting trade. For six 
months he was night clerk with the In- 
dianapolis Sentinel. 

Moving to Anderson in 1903, he was 
for six years in the Anderson Carriage 
Works, learning the trade of carriage 
painter, later for a year and a half was 
driver for the Cnitcd States Express Com- 
pany, spent thn^e months as a traveling 
mcss<»nger for the same company between 
Fort Wayne and Indianapoli.s, resumed 
his old job at Anders<m as driver, and 
after thn^* years was appointed bill clerk, 
then cashier, and in Septeml)er, 1917, be- 
came manager of the company's business 
at Anderson. 

I)eccmlH»r 25, 1!K)8, Mr. Baker married 
Miss Fannie Cornelia Raison, daughter of 
John and Delia (Speaker) Raison of 
Anderson. They have one daughter, Jua- 
nita, bom .January 10, 1910. Mr. Baker 
is an independent republican and is affili- 
ateii with Anderson Ixxlge No. 209, Benev- 
olent an<l Protective Order of Elks, and 
has filleii all the offices in the Anderson 
Chapter of the Order of Moose. 

Er.nest L. TnTD.v has l>een a factor in 
the life and bu.siness enterprise of El- 
wood for the past fourteen years as a 
cigar manufacturer, and as president of 
the Tipton & Berr>' Cigar Company he is 
head of one of the important industries 
of the city, one whose products are widely 
distributed and e<|ually appreciated, not 
onlv in that localitv but over several 
states. 

Mr. Tipton is a native of Ohio, bom 
at Bethseda in Belmont County in 1869, 
son of James E. and Clara (Carpenter) 
Tipton. He is of Scotch-Irish st(K*k, and 
his people as far back as the record goes 
havc^ l)een agriculturists. They settled in 
Ohio from Pennsylvania. Mr. E. L. Tip- 
ton spent his early life on his father's 
farm and worked in the fields except for 
the winter terms he attended school. That 
was his experience and environment to the 
age of seventeen. Seeking something bet- 
ter than a ffuroMr's life he learned the 



1600 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



cigar maker's trade at Bethseda, spending 
four years with Phillip Hunt, whose 
daughter he afterwards married. For 
seven years he was with the James Lucas 
Cigar Company at Bethseda, On the death 
of Mr. Lucas the business was reorganized 
and he continued with the new firm for 
three years. 

In 1904 Mr. Tipton removed to Elwood, 
Indiana, and in partnership with White- 
ford Berr>' began the manufacture of a 
line of stogies, gradually expanding the 
industry to include the better grades of 
domestic and Havana cigars. Their prim- 
ary lines were ** Spanish Cuban" and ** El- 
wood" stogies. Besides these standard 
makes thev now manufacture '*Hoosier 
Maid," ^*Gray Bonnet/' **Big Havana," 
and **Tipton-Berry All Havana." These 
are very Kuperior goo<is, and through 
brokers the output is sold all over Ohio, 
Indiana, Illinois and Michigan. The cigar 
factory is a modern plant employing 
eighty-tiv4» hands. 

Mr. Tipton married in 1900 Miss Lilly 
B. Hunt, of Bethseda, Ohio, daughter of 
Phillip and Emma (Buehler) Hunt. They 
have two children, Donald H. born in 1902, 
and Lottie Urel, »K>rn in 1903. * Mr. Tip- 
ton is a republican in polities. He was 
a few years ajro an unsuccessful candidate 
for councihnan from the Third Ward of 
E1wo<k1. lie is a meml)er of the First 
Methoilist Epis<-opal Church, and served as 
treasurer in 1916 of Elwooil I><Hlge of 
Eagles. 

W. Enwi.v Smith. One of the largest 
corporations manufacturing standard foo<l 
pHKiiicts in the middle west is the Blue 
Valley Creamery Company. When this 
corporation came in to establish a branch 
ho\ise and factory at Indianapolis they sent 
one of their most c.\[>ert and experienced 
men to take charge, \V. FMwiu Smith, 
under whose dirertion the fat-torv was com- 
pletcd in llUO. Thus Mr. Smith i>ccamc 
a factor in lihlianapojis business and siM-ial 
life an<l has been one of the live and entt»r- 
prisiiiiT men of the capital. * 

Mr. Smith has liad a wi<le and varied 
traininjr in the law. Iiankin*^' and partic 
tdarlv in the dairv and food liUNJnt^vs. He 
was b<»rn at Stf»rm Lake. Iowa, in 1>77. 
His mother is still living. He s[>ent his 
lH)yh<MKl at Storm Lakt». and from s4*h<H)l 
b<M»ame a stenographer in the office of 



Judge Bailie of Storm Lake, one of Iowa's 
distinguished lawyers and jurists. While 
there he studied law under the Judge, 
and passed a creditable examination for 
admission to the bar. However, he never 
took up the formal practice of this pro- 
fession. 

For several years he was assistant cashier 
in the Commercial State Bank at Storm 
Lake. Then came an opportunity to iden- 
tify himself with one of the most import- 
ant departments in the State Government 
of Iowa. For five years he was assistant 
dairy and food commissioner at Des Moines, 
and in that time accumulated a vast amount 
of technical knowledge and experience, as 
a result of which he was called to Chicago 
to the general offices of the American As- 
sociation of Creamery Butter Manufactur- 
ers. A year later he became identified with 
the Blue Valley Creamery Company of 
Chicago, and from there came to Indian- 
apolis for the purpose above noted. 

The Indianapolis plant of this company 
began operations in 1910, and its business 
has been growing steadily until it ranks 
high among the twelve other factories of 
the company throughout the middle west. 

So many thousands of households in In- 
diana and other central states have used 
and appreciated the (|uality of the Blue 
Valley (Veamery's products that little need 
be said on that score. The factory is en- 
gaged exclusively in the manufacture of 
the highest grades of butter known. It 
is a corporation of large resources. While 
its principal function is of course a com- 
mercial one, its interest in the dairy in- 
dustry as a whole has been stimulate by 
a broad and enlightened policy and has led 
it into wide fields of usefulness to the 
general public. The company employs the 
finest talent, college professors as well as 
practical men, who are recognized authori- 
ti<N in the science of milk and butter pro- 
duction. The comj)any maintains exten- 
sive laboratories through which their ex- 
perts maintain a close watch upon every 
pHMH^s from the original point of supply 
to the ultimate consumer. The company 
has frcH-ly use<l the results of the investiga- 
tions and discoveries made in their lalK)ra- 
tories to promote the welfare of butter 
makinir in general. The vice president of 
the cori>oration is Mr. J. A. Walker of 
Chicago. lie is a man of broad public 
spirit, and spends much time in efforts to 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1601 



advance the dairy industry as a whole, 
without regard to his own personal con- 
nection with it. The company freely co- 
operates with dairy awociationa, indivi- 
dual farmers, and all who have an interest 
in the dairy industry. 

Mr. Smith has been in complete sympa- 
thy with this broader policy of the com- 
pany, and in Indiana he was chairman of 
the committee that rained $18,000 to co- 
operate with the dairy section of Purdue 
University to increase the number of dairy 
cows in the state. The result of that cam- 
paifcn has already broug:ht beneficial re- 
sults, and a number of statements have 
been made in the public press in the last 
two or three years including the enor- 
mous increase of dairy production, so that 
Indiana, while not claimingr preeminence 
in that respect, is really one of the first 
states in the Union as a dair>' center. 

Aside from his immediate work Mr. 
Smith has found many opportunities to 
cooperate with the jfcneral business and 
public welfare of Indianapolis. In No- 
vember, 1918. he was honored by election 
to the presidency of the Optimists Club 
of Indianapolis. This is the orijfinal of 
the Optimists Club which are now beinjir 
rapidly establisheil in the principal cities 
of the country*. The club is composed of 
active business men, one representative 
from each line of business or profession, 
and is an exceedinjfly interesting and use- 
ful organization, both to them.selves and 
their community. Mr. Smith is also a 
incm!)er of the Chaml)cr of Commerce and 
the Cohimbia Club. He marrieil .Miss 
Estelle Ilicks, of Dc^s Moines, Iowa. Their 
children are: .Madeline, Lucille and 
Walker. 

Charles Brkuit V.vwTFit. The familv 
of Vawter has hevn prominent at Franklin 
and in Johnson ('o\inty since pioneer days. 
Charles Bright Vawter is one of the lead- 
ing merchants of Franklin and has l>een in 
business there as a hardware merchant for 
over twenty vears. 

His uncle, the late John T. Vawter, was 
one of the eoiinty's wealthiest and most 
irenero\is citizens. John T. Vawter was 
born at Venion, Indiana, w»n of Smith and 
Jane < Tcrrill ) Vawter. and in isr>?) estab- 
lishtMl the Indiana Farmers Bank, of 
which he was president for twentv vcars. 
He was one of the organizers of the Sec- 



ond National Bank of Franklin, which has 
since become the Franklin National. John 
T. Vawter among other acts which deserve 
mention and the grateful memory of the 
present generation donated the Soldiers 
Monument at Franklin. 

Charles Bright Vawter was bom April 
29, 1862. His father, Samuel L. Vawter, 
gained his chief distinctions in business on 
what was then the Northwestern frontier 
in territory and state of Minnesota. He 
had the distinction of establishing the first 
wholesale drug house in that state, and the 
business is continued today under the name 
Noyes Brothers & Cutler. Samuel L. 
Vawter died at St. Paul, Minnesota, in 
1868. He married Maria Bright, who was 
born at Franklin, Indiana, and died in 
18S0. Ilcr father was one of the early 
settlers of Franklin. 

Charles Bright Vawter came to Frank- 
lin with his mother after his father's death 
and was here reared and educated. He 
attended the common schools, had two 
years of high school work, and in 1880 en- 
tered Butler College, where he took a gen- 
eral coiirse for two years. On returning 
to Franklin he entered upon his business 
career as clerk in the hardware store of 
J. M. Storey. He remained with Mr. 
Storey until 1896, when he bought the 
business of Duncan & Stewart, which was 
then a general farm implement concern. 
Mr. Vawter has since enlarged it to a 
general hardware and stove business, and 
has made it one of the U*Ht business houses 
in the city. Mr. Vawter is also a director 
of the First National Bank of Franklin. 

Fraternallv he is affiliated with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
and with Hesperian LcKlgc No. 12 of the 
Knights of Pythias. On April 18, 1888, 
he married Leila Hunter Holman, of 
Franklin, daughter of A. B. Hunter, who 
was one of the leading attorneys of the 
Johnson County bar. Mrs. Vawter 's 
mother was a member of the Donald fam- 
ilv. Mrs. Vawter died June 7, 1901, with- 
out children. 

Charles Rowin Htntkr. In 1916 the 
people of Terre Haute determined to re- 
deem their city and place it in the front 
rank of Indiana mimicipalities lM)th on 
the wore of political cleanliness and ma- 
terial improvement. The leader of the 
ticket thev selected was Charles Rowin 



1602 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Hunter. Mr. Hunter was elected mayor 
nominally as a republican and by a major- 
ity of 2,750 votes, the largest majority 
ever given a candidate for that oflBce in 
the history of the city. He was elected 
and went into office on the slogan ** bigger, 
cleaner, better Terre Haute,'' and in three 
years his administration has served to ex- 
press and realize the essential planks of his 
platform. He was head of the city ad- 
ministration during the critical war period, 
when so large a share of private and public 
resources were diverted to the aid of the 
government and nation. At the close of 
the war he has led in the inauguration of 
the n<»w perioil of public improvements, 
and the plans for 1919 contemplate the 
expenditure of upwards of $500,000, for 
streets, new city hall, and other civic enter- 
prises. 

Mavor Hunter has been a resident of 
Terre Haute since early boyhood. He was 
born at Farmersburg in Sullivan County, 
Indiana. Januar>' 19, 1855. His grand- 
father, Samuel (\ Hunter, came from Ken- 
tucky and was one of the pioneers of Vigo 
Countv. Mavor Hunter is a son of Eli- 
phalet and Sarah i\ (All) Hunter, both 
of whom were born at Bardstown, Ken- 
tucky. Eliphalet Hunter was a farmer and 
merchant and business man and located at 
Terre Haute in 1871, where he was in the 
teaming and transfer business for a number 
of vears. He died in December 1896, at 
the age of seventy-three. His wife passed 
away in 1895, at the age of seventy-two. 
They were the parents of nine children. 
Those now decea.sed are Sarah C, Ben- 
jamin F., James T., William L., Elizabeth 
and Nancy M. The living children 
are Samuel W.. Charles R. and Martin W. 
Charles R. Hunter was fifteen years old 
when he came to Terre Haute. He ob- 
tained his early etlucation in the public 
S4*hools of Farmersburg and also attended 
As<»ension Seminarv in that town. At the 
age of eightet^n he went to work at Terre 
Haute as a driver, later was with a firm 
of agricultural implement dealers, and for 
a vear was with the Star Union Transfer 
Company. He was also with a local flour 
milling concern, but his longest connection 
was with the whoU*sale drj- goods house of 
H. Robinson & Company. He learned the 
business, and finally the company sent him 
on the road as sales representative. For 
over thirty years Mr. Hunter was a travel- 



ing salesman, and developed a business for 
several large wholesale houses in the state. 
In 1905 he engaged in the dry goods busi- 
ness on his own account at Terre Haute, 
and now has one of the best equipped and 
stocked stores of its kind in western In- 
diana. 

« 

Mr. Hunter has served as vice president 
of the Indiana Division of the Travelers 
Protective Association, is a member of the 
United Commercial Travelers, the Tribe 
of Ben Hur, the Terre Haute Commercial 
Club, and has been a steadfast republican 
ever since casting his first ballot. At dif- 
ferent times he has given his time to the 
benefit of his party in primaries and other 
elections, but never sought an important 
office for himself until he became candi- 
date for mayor. 

In 1877 ^Ir. Hunter married Miss Mary 
S. Ha^erdon, daughter of Henry Hager- 
don of Terre Haute. She died five years 
later, the mother of one daughter, Gter- 
trude May, who died in infancy. Mr. Hun- 
ter married for his second wife Miss Grace 
E. King, daughter of Robert C. and Re- 
becca J. King, natives of Carroll County, 
Ohio. Mrs. Hunter was bom at Spencer, 
Indiana, June 22, 1876. 

« 

Charle.s Walter Roland is senior part- 
ner of the firm Roland & Beach, heating 
contractors and sheet metal works in Rich- 
mond. He is an expert in this line of busi- 
ness and has followed it most of his active 
life. 

He was born in Randolph County, In- 
diana, in 1873, son of J. J. and Chrizella 
(Snyder) Roland. He attended public 
school at Greenville, Ohio, and Lynn, In- 
diana, and when only twelve years of age 
besran learning the printing trade at Union 
Citv, Indiana. Later he worked for his 
father, who had a sheet metal business at 
Lvnn. and continued there until he was 
twenty-one years of age. 

In 1894 Mr. Roland married Mary 
Chcnowith, daughter of Murray and Sep- 
reta CCadwallader) Chenowith, of Ran- 
dolph County. Mr. and Mrs. Roland have 
four children : Frances Leta, who is mar- 
ried and has a daughter named Mary El- 
len : Robert J., bom in 1900, who in 1918 
was a member of the Students Army 
Training Corps at Purdue University; 
Helen, bom in 1905; and Ruth, bom in 
1908. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1603 



After bin marriage Mr. Roland engaged 
in the sheet metal buHinesH at Tnion City 
(.n his own areount. In 1898 he moved to 
Hichmond, and for four years worked at 
his trade for Miller Brothers, then for a 
year and a half was manager of the stove 
department of the Jones Hardware Com- 
pany, and for two y«»ars owneti a half in- 
ter«»st in the firm of Johnson & Roland. 
He then bought a haniware store at Win- 
ehesfor. Indiana, conducted it two years, 
fin<l continued a sheet metal shop at that 
town until he returned to Richmond in 
1911. Here he engaged in the sheet metal 
business with II. K. Morrman, the part- 
nership continuing three years and for 
about a year his partner was K. J. liehr- 
inger, under the name of Roland & Hehr- 
inger. He lM>ught his partner's interests, 
and after beintr alone in the business for 
four years sold a half interest to L. W. 
lieach, which made the present firm of 
Roland & Beach. Mr. Roland is a repub- 
lican and a memljer of the First Christian 
Church. 

Leslie W. Beach, of the firm Roland & 
Beach, heating and sheet metal works con- 
tractors at Richmond, has been in busi- 
ness in Indiana in different lines for the 
greater part of his life, and is well known 
in several communities of the state. 

He was born at Norlwme in Carroll 
County, Missouri, in 1875, son of George 
P. and Alice (Shaw) Beach. He is of 
English ancestry, and most of the Beach 
family have l)een professional men. His 
father, however, was a farmer and had 
eighty acres in central Missouri. He died 
January 10, 1919, and the mother is still 
living at the old home. 

I/eslie W. Beach was the youngest in a 
family of six children, four sisters and 
two brothers. He attended eountry 
schools, worked on the fann in summers, 
and spent three months in the high school 
at Spiceland, in Henry County, Indiana. 
Th«*n after another year on the home farm 
he engaged in the liverA' business at Spice- 
lan<l as a member of the firm of Beach & 
Pierson. This was a profitable experience 
)>ut at the end of three years he sold out 
to his partner, and the next eight months 
lived at ElwfHxl. Indiana, and wrote in- 
surance for the Pnnlential Life Assurance 
Company. In the meantime he took a busi- 
ness course in the Elwood Business College, 



pfter which for ten months he was book- 
keeper for the Elwood Furniture Com- 
pany, then for three years was bookkeeper 
and cashier with the Elwood Lumber Com- 
pany. 

In 1903 Mr. Beach married Miss I^conora 
Griffin, daughter of Joseph and Mary 
(Brenneman) Griffin, of Spiceland. They 
have <me child, Corwin, born in 1908. After 
his marriage Mr. Beach moved to New- 
castle and was emi)loye<l as bookkeeper and 
eHshier for the C. C. Thompson Lumber 
Company six years. The next three years 
lie spent as sales representative in north- 
ern Indiana and southern Michigan for 
The South Bend Sash an<l Door Company. 
Mr. Beach remove<l to Richmond in 1915, 
iiIhI for two vears was estimator for the 
Kiehinond Lumber Company. He then 
bo.ijrht a half interest in the Charles W. 
ICohind Plumbing an<! Heating Company, 
at which time the firm was organi/.ed as 
Roland & Beach, heating contractors and 
sjcet metal works. They do an extensive 
business over western Ghio and Indiana, 
and have inst^illed many large contracts. 
The firm are ag<*nts for the Front Rank 
Steel Furnace Company of St. Louis. 

Mr. Beach is a member of the First 
Christian Church and is affiliated with 
tlif Lodge of Masons at Spiceland. In 
p<»litics he is a republican. 

OijvER Hamiton Smith became a resi- 
<lent of Indiana in 1817, and was admitted 
to the practice of law in 1820. He attained 
high rank in his profession, and after rep- 
resenting the state in the Legislature and 
Congress he was chosen a Cnited States 
senator in 1836, as a whig. On retiring 
from that office he located at Indianapolis, 
and was aftenvard largely engaged in rail- 
road enterprises, he having been the chief 
factor in the construction of the Indian- 
a|K)lis and Bellefontaine road. 

Mr. Smith, who was born on Smith's Is- 
land, near Trenton, New Jersey, in 1794, 
died in Indianapolis in 1859. 

Charles P. Lesh came to Indianapolis 
in 1878, at the age of nineteen, and his 
first business experience, with the old In- 
dianapolis Sentinel and later with a lH>ok 
and stationer}' house, doubtless gave him 
his insight into and prepared the way for 
his permanent career, which has been as a 
paper merchant and d^er. Mr. Leah is 



1604 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



founder and for many years has been presi- 
dent of the C. P. Lesh Paper Company. 

He was bom at Kankakee, Illinois, May 
13, 1859, son of Dr. Daniel and Charlotte 
(Perry) Lesh. His father, who for a num- 
ber of years was one of the representative 
physicians and surgeons of Indianapolis, 
was born on a farm near Eaton, Ohio, 
February 23, 1828. He acquired a good 
education and sound training in prepara- 
ti<m for his career, and in 1855 he married 
Charlotte Perry, a native of Butler Coun- 
ty, Ohio. They had only two children, 
Carrie C. and Charles P. In 1857 Doctor 
Lesh removed to Kankakee, Illinois, but 
about the beginning of the Civil war re- 
turned to Ohio. In August, 1862, he en- 
listed for three years in Company C of 
the Fiftieth Regular Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry. He was promoted to sergeant in 
October. 1862, and was on detached duty 
in Cincinnati until his honorable discharge 
on account of physical disability in 1864. 
In the fall of that year he removed to Rich- 
mond. Indiana, practiced there until 1870, 
then at New Paris. Ohio, and in 1878 came 
to Indianapolis, where he handled a grow- 
ing business as a physician until 1894. 
Impaired health then caused him to move 
to California, but eventually he returned 
to Richmond, Indiana, where he died De- 
cember 18, 1901. He had high ability in 
his pn>fcssion. and won the love and re- 
spect of several communities l)ecau8e of his 
self-sacrificing work among his patients. 
He was a friend of humanity, an active 
memherof tht» Metho<list Episcopal Church, 
and after retiring from professional work 
gave much of his time to the church. He 
was a member of the Grand Annv of the 
Republic and the Independent Order of 
Odd Fell(»ws. His wife died October 16, 
1881, at Indianapolis, and Inith were laid 
to ri'st in the ccmcterv at Eaton. Ohio. 

Charles P. Lesh was e<iu<'ate(l in the pub- 
lic sch(M»ls of Hirhinond. Indiana, and New 
Paris. Ohio. On coininjr to Indianapolis 
in ISTn Im» spent two years with the S^mi- 
tinel Pu*ilishiMi» ('miipany. t*(illn\vi?itr wliich 
he was a clerk with the !>o<)k and stationery 
firm of Merrill. Iluhhard & ('o!ni»any. and 
from that entered the employ of the In- 
diana Paper ('<»mpany. Durinjr the nine 
vears of his S4»rvice with this company he 
studied everv detail of the lMisin«»ss. and 
lai<l a ean^ful and well <*onsiilered founda- 
tion for his pennanent business career. 



Later for a time he was the Indianapolis 
representative of the Lewis Snyder's Sons 
Paper Company of Cincinnati. 

In May, 1896, Mr. Lesh engaged in the 
wholesale paper business on his own ac- 
count, organizing and incorporating the 
C. P. Lesh Paper Company. He has been 
president of this concern ever since. The 
company is one of the largest distributors 
of paper throughout the State of Indiana, 
and occupies main offices and warehouse 
quarters in Indianapolis, the offices being 
at 121 to 125 Kentucky Avenue. 

While essentially a business man, Mr. 
Lesh has been generous of his influence and 
means in promoting everything that is 
helpful to Indianapolis as a civic and social 
center. He and his family are active mem- 
bers of the Meridian Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church, in politics he is a re- 
publican, and is one of the honored Masons 
of the city, being affiliated with Mystic 
Tie Lodge No. 398, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of which he is past master, 
Keystone Chapter No. 6, Royal Arch 
Masons, Raper Commandery No. 1, 
Knights Templars, and Indiana Consis- 
tory of the Scottish Rite. 

June 15, 1892. Mr. Lesh married Miss 
Ora Wilkins. Three children have been 
l>orn to their marriage, Charlotte B., Perry 
W. and Helen L. Perry W. Lesh enlisted 
July 26, 1917, in Battel^ A, One Hundred 
and Fiftieth Field Artiller>% Rainbow 
Division. He landed in France October 
31, 1917, and spent nine months with that 
division at the front. He fought in Cham- 
pagne, second battle of the Mame; St. 
Mihiel and in Argonne and is now in Army 
of the Occupation at Neuenahr, Germany. 

Mrs. \jesh is a daujrhter of John A. and 
Lavina (King) Wilkins. Iler father was 
l>orn at Indianapolis May 6, 1836, and her 
mother in Washington County, Indiana, 
January 1, 184(). Her paternal grand- 
parents were John and Eleanor (Brouse) 
Wilkins. John Wilkins was born in the 
Shenandoah Valley of Virginia in 1797, 
a?id in May, 1S21. eanie from Ohio to 
Marion County. Indiana, and established 
his home here at the very beginning of the 
history of Indianapolis as the eapital city. 
He was well known in pioneer business ac- 
tivities, and for years was associated with 
Daniel Yand(»s in the operation of the first 
tannery in the eity. He and his wife 
were charter nieml)ers of the Roberts 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1605 



Chapel Methodist Episcopal Church. He 
was aiKO one of the first tniKtees of Aabiiry, 
now DePauw TniverHitv, serving from 
1839 until 1868. John'Wilkins died in 
July, 1868, and his wife in 1889. 

John A. Wilkins, father of Mrs. Lesh, 
was as prominent in his (c^neration in !n- 
diana|K>lis husinc*ss affairs as his father had 
been in the pioneer epo<*h. For many 
years he was stMiior meml>er of the firm of 
Wilkins & Hall, furniture manufacturers. 
He was a stockhohler and for a number of 
years l)efore his death secretary of the 
National Accident Association. He died 
at Indiana|K>lis Decemlier 26, 1906. He 
was one of the organizers of the Ames In- 
stitute, which afterwards became the 
Younpr Men s Christian Association of In- 
dianapolis. He l>ecame well known in 
array circles. September 6, 1861, he en- 
listed in the Thirty-Third Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry, was made (|uartermaster's 
serjreant and November 23, 1863, was com- 
missioned first lieutenant and re{?i mental 
<|uartermaster of the Thirty-Thinl Rejri- 
mcnt. He resijfii^d ()ctol>er 4, 1864. More 
than thirty years later, when the Spanish- 
American War was in pro|?rcss, he was 
appointe<l chief clerk in the Quarter- 
master's Department at Jefferson Bar- 
racks in St. Ijouis, Missouri. He was offi- 
cially honored in the Georpe H. Thomas 
Post, Grand Anny of the Republic. He 
was a charter member of the Rol^ert Chapel 
Sunday School and for twentv-eijfht vears 
was steward of Robert Park Methmlist 
Church. 

Ln.BrRN Howard Van HRir.(;i.K, of In- 
dianapolis, is a lawyer by pn>fession, but 
on the basis of his achievements to date 
an<l the promise for the future is likely 
to be better known as an inventor and 
manufacturer. He had two brothers in 
the preat war an<l his own inventive pMiius 
supplied the poverinnent with some of the 
most perfeet applianecs to airplane manu- 
fa«'ture. Mr. Van l^ripjrle is president 
of the Van l^rijrule Motor l)evi<*e Com- 
panv. manufacturers of the Van Hriirjrie 
Carburetor and other motor deviei^s. in- 
eludinL' a sh<M*k al»M)rber. 

Mr Van Hrijrjrie was l»orn on a fann in 
Tipton ('ount>'. hniiana. in 18S0. son of 
Ira i\ut\ Mary Klizabetb M'ox'^ Van Hrip- 
irle. Ilis irmtlier is still livinp. Both 
parents \\»»re )»nrn iii Indiana. The Van 



Briggles are of Holland Dutch and French 
ancestry. Mr. Van Briggle*s paternal 
^andfather. Rev. Joseph I). Van Brijfgle, 
is a venerable Baptist minister, now living: 
at Helena, Arkansas, more than nine^ 
years of age. The maternal grandmother 
of Mr. Van Briggle was a first cousin of 
the late vice president Thomas A. Hen- 
dricks of Indianapolis. Mr. Van Briggle*8 
two brothers who were in the army are 
Klza 1)., with the Twentieth Engineers 
and Joseph W., with the Forty-First En- 
gineers. 

Lilburn H. Van Briggle ac<|uired his 
early education in district schools. After 
leaving the farm he worke<l for several 
years in his father's machine shop. Later 
in Arkansas he learned the brass and iron 
molding trade. For a time he was em- 
ployed by the Fairbanks- Morse Company 
in installing g&sr)line engines. 

In the intervals of this work and ex- 
perience he secure<l a higher education. 
He worked his way through the Short- 
ridge High School at Indianapolis and for 
eight years he attended night school. Mr. 
Van Briggie graduated fnmi the Indianap- 
olis Law College in 1907, and in the same 
year l>egan the practice of law. He is 
still a UMMuber of the bar of the citv, 
having office with Judge C Z. Wiley in 
the Fletcher Savings & Trust Building. 
However, he has al>out given up his prac- 
tice to devote his entire time to building 
up the great indu.stry in the manufacture 
of the Van l^riggle carburetor and other 
motor devic(*s of his own invention. 

Mr. Van Briggie became interested in 
carburetors in the fall of 1914. He per- 
fiH'ted a ciirburetor which is still one of 
the models manufactured by his company, 
and applied for patent June 23, 191. *>, the 
l)atent being granted June 20, 1916. A 
seeond patent on carburetors was granted 
July 2:^, 1918. The Van Briggie Motor 
Device Company was incorporated Augu.st 
14, 1915. with an authorized capital of 
$:U)0,000. The faetory and offiec are in 
Indianapoli.s. While there were many 
types of carburetor on the market ^wfore 
Mr. Van Briggie entered the field, he dis- 
e<»vered and adapted and perfcetcnl en- 
tirely new principles of earbun»tion, and 
the carburetors have had wide appli<*a- 
tion to all types of motor ve!iicb»s. But 
ill*' ••nhninatini: test of eftieienev ranie when 
the Van Briggie carburetor was adapted 



1606 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



for several types of the war planes manu- 
factured for the United States Govern- 
ment. 

Mr. Van Briggle has also been connected 
with the business and civic affairs in In- 
dianapolis. He helped organize and is a 
director of the E. G. iSpink Building Com- 
pany, builders of several large flat build- 
ings in Indianapolis. He is vice president 
of the John H. Larrison Brick Company. 
At one time he took a prominent part in 
politics. In 1912 he was candidate for 
state senator on the progressive ticket, 
and in 1913 was candidate of the same 
party for city judge. He is a republican, 
and a member of the Masonic Order, the 
Optimist Club and the Columbia Club. 

Mr. Van Briggle married Miss Frances 
Mary Stephenson, of Indianapolis. They 
have three children: Elizal)eth Jane, Tur- 
ley Frank and Howard Henry. 

John N. IIurty. M. D. In any conven- 
tion of American public health officials and 
workers a place of special distinction is 
accorded to Dr. John N. Hurty by reason 
of his long and enviable service as State 
Health Commissioner of Indiana. Long 
before the public health movement received 
such general appnibation and recognition 
as is now accorded it Doctor Hurty was 
quietly and efficiently going ahead with his 
duties in his home state at safeguarding 
the health and welfare of his fellow citi- 
zens. He has done much to break down 
the barriers of prejudice which have inter- 
fered with regulations for health and sani- 
tation, and has seriously discharged his 
duties whenever and wherever occasion re- 
quired and has constantly exercised his 
personal influenee and his official prestige 
to spread the campaign for better sanitary 
eonditi<ms and eilucate the people in gen- 
eral to the ne<*eHsity of such precautions. 

I)<H'tor Ilurty has spent most of his life 
in Indiana but was born at Lebanon, Ohio. 
February 21. 1S.V2. He was the fourth 
auKMig the five children of Professor Josiah 
and Anne I. (Walker* Hurty. His father 
was of (lerman and his mother of English 
lineage, and Iwith were born in New York 
and were marrie<l at RrK'hester. Josiah 
Hurry was an e^lucator by profession and 
for fnanv vears carried on his worthy work 
in Indiana. He first moyinl to Ohio hut in 
IH.V* WM*ate<l at Kichmon<l. Indiana, and 
was the tirst superintendent of the public 



schools in that city. He was afterwards 
successively superintendent of schools at 
Liberty, North ^ladison, Rising Sun and 
LawTenceburg. For the purpose of re- 
cuperating his health he finally went to 
the State of Mississippi, where he died at 
the age of seventy-five. His wife passed 
away at seventy-nine in 1881. Josiah. 
Hurty was a Mason, a republican, and he 
and his wife were active in the Presby- 
terian Church. 

In the several towns where bis father's 
vocation identified the family residence 
Doctor Hurty was educated in the public 
schools. In 1872 he completed one year of 
study in the Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy and Chemistry'. He became founder 
of the School of Pharmacy of Purdue Uni- 
versity at Lafayette, and was its head for 
two years. Doctor Hurty was honored 
with the degree Doctor of Pharamacy by 
Purdue in 1881. 

From pharmacy he turned his attention 
to the study of medicine, at first at Jef- 
ferson Medical College at Philadelphia and 
later in the Medical College of Indiana at 
Indianapolis, where he graduated M. D. 
in 1891. Since 1897 he has occupied the 
Chair of Hygiene and Sanitary Science in 
the Medical College of Indiana, the medi- 
cal department of Indiana University. In 
1894, without solicitation or suggestion on 
his part, Doctor Hurty was appointed sec- 
retary of the Indiana State Board of 
Health. The position at the time he was 
appointed was regarded as one of pre- 
functory duties and performance, and it 
was left to Doi'tor Ilurty to vitalize the 
office and make it a medium of effective 
service to the entire state. Doctor Hurty 
superintended the hygienic exhibits at the 
Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, 
and was largely responsible for making 
that exhibit a source of education and in- 
struction to the many thousands of people 
who attended the exposition. 

Doctor Ilurty is a member of the Ameri- 
can Me<lical Association, the American 
Public Health Association, the American 
Association for the Advancement of 
Science, the American Pharmaceutical As- 
soi'iation, the Indiana State Medical Asso- 
ciation, which he 8erve<l as vice president 
in 1911. ami the Indianapolis Medical So- 
ciety. Every school in Indiana is familiar 
with his hygienic text book entitled **Life 
with Health.'' He has contributed many 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1607 



articles, particularly on his special field, to 
medical journals and other periodicals. 

Doctor Hurty is a republican in his 
political affiliations, but he has never re- 
(irardeii his public services as political or 
in any way connected with parties. 

October 25, 1877, he married Miss Ethel 
Johnstone, daughter of Dr. John F. John- 
stone. She was born and reared in Indian- 
apoli.s. Their two children are Gilbert J. 
and Anne M. Ilurty. 

WiLUAM D. Allison's prominent part 
in Indiana business affairs has been taken 
as a manufacturer of furniture specially 
desigrn^d to e<iuip physicians' offices, and 
he has built up one of the major industries 
of Indianapolis in that line. Ills services 
in various appointive and illustrative 
offices of trust have also kept his name be- 
fore public attention. 

William David Allison was bom in Coles 
County. Illinois, February 10, 1854. II is 
ancestors came from County Donegal, Ire- 
land. Some time after the Revolution 
they came to America and in 1785 settled 
in Mecklenberg County, North Carolina. 
Mr. Allison 8 grandfather left North Caro- 
lina in 1825, moved over the mountains in- 
to Tennessee, and in 18.*U located with his 
family in Coles County, Illinois. William 
David Allison is a son of Andrew II. and 
Ilainiah E. Allison. His father died in 
Noveml)er, 1864, but his mother is still liv- 
ing and is now past ninety-five, and at this 
writing was in fairly goo<l health and, 
more remarkable still, has perfect use of 
all her faculties. 

William I). Allison was educateil at Lees 
Academv in Coles Countv and in the Uni- 
versitv of Wisconsin at Madison. His first 
business experience was selling pianos and 
organs, but in 1884 he set up a shop and 
iK^gan in a small and sf)mewhat experi- 
mental way the manufacture of physicians' 
furniture. He has kept the business grow- 
ing, its facilities enlarging, the standard 
of his prmluct at a high point, and today 
the Allison special furniture is re<*ognized 
for its cjuality and is in demand as part of 
the ne<*cssar>' e<|uipinent of all up-to-date 
physician's offices. 

Mr. Allison is a republican, has served 
as a director of the Indianapolis Com- 
mercial Club and is now a member of the 
Indiana State Coun<*il of Defense. In 1907 
(iovcrnor Hanlcy appointe<l him a trustee 



of the Indiana Reformatory at JefTerson- 
ville, and he filled that office four years. 
In November, 1917, he was elected to the 
office of school commissioner for four years 
beginning January 1, 1920. 

Mr. Allison is a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce, the Hoard of Trade, the 
Iloosier Motor Club, the Rotary Club, the 
Columbia Club, is a Scottish and York 
Rite Mason, a member of Oriental Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and is affiliated 
with the Mystic Shrine. He and his fam- 
ily worship at the Memorial Presbyterian 
Church. October 11, 1882, at Charleston, 
Illinois, Mr. Allison marrie<i Mary Mar- 
garet Robbins. They have five children: 
Frances L., wife of F. A. Preston; Lila E., 
wife of Dr. C. D. Humes; Charles W\, who 
married Hazel Lathrop; Ruth H., and 
Mary Aline. 

John G. Wood since he graduated with 
the degree Mechanical Engineer from Pur- 
due Cniversity ten years ago has been one 
of the very busy professional men of In- 
diana, and while he began at the very 
bottom in a workman's overalls, his present 
position and responsibilities are such as 
to place him high among the industrial en- 
gineers of the countr>'. 

For the past five years Mr. Wood has 
been identified with the Remy Electric 
Company of Anderson, and is now general 
manager of that nationally known corpora- 
tion. He was lM)rn in Indianapolis August 
6, 1883, and is of Scotch- English st<K*k and 
comes of a family of business men. His 
parents were Horace F. and Rose A. 
(Graham) \Voo<l. His great-grandfather, 
John Wood, was a pioneer Indianapolis 
business man. At one time he operatetl a 
stage line over the old National Road be- 
tween Greenville and Indianapolis, He 
also had in connection a livery bam lo(»ated 
on the ** Circle'* at Indianapolis. His son, 
John Wooil, followed the same business, 
and spent his life at Indianapolis, where he 
died in 1898. Horace F. Wood followed 
in the footsteps of his father and grand- 
father, but in his time the automobile in- 
vaded the province formerly occupied by 
horse drawn vehicles, and he is now in 
the automobile business at Indianapolis. 

John 0. Wood attended grammar and 
high school at Indianapolis, also the In- 
dianapolis Academy, and for his profes- 
sional and technical training entered Le- 



1608 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



land Stanford University in California. He 
pursued the oourse towards the degree of 
Mechanical Engineer from 1902 to 1906, 
and in the latter year his university work 
was interrupted by the great San Fran- 
cisco tire and earthquake. Returning to 
Indiana, he continued his studies in Pur- 
due University, and in 1907 graduated 
with the degrees A. B. and M. E. He is 
a member of the Phi Kappa Psi college 
fraternity. 

While he possessed a college degree and 
had several years of practical and theoret- 
ical experience in shops and laboratories, 
Mr. Wood chose to enter industry- at the 
very bottom. During the first year he 
carried a dinner pail and worked at 17 Vi 
cents an hour with the National Motor 
Vehicle Company at Indianapolis. He was 
then promoted to the drafting room and 
subse<|uently for three years was chief en- 
gineer with the Kmpire Motor Company 
and for another period of three years was 
general manager of the Indiana Die Cast- 
ings Company. 

Mr. Wooci's services were awjuired by 
the Komy Electric* Company of Anderson 
in 1913. He starved as assistant to the 
president, S. A. Fletcher, until 1917, since 
which time he has het»n general manager. 
He is also vice president of the Indiana 
Die Casting Company of Indianapolis and 
is one of the directors of the National 
Motor Vehicle Company and is consulting 
engineer for the Stenotype Company of 
Indianapolis. In August, 1918, he became 
the president of the Midwest Engine Com- 
pany of Indiaiuipolis, the new company 
having l)een formed by a merger of the 
Lyons Atlas Company of Indianapolis and 
the Hill Pump Company of Anders<m. 

Mr. W<HHi is not only a thonmgh tech- 
nical man but has given much attention 
to the S4*ientific side of business manage- 
ment and iNpiM'ially to the chart system 
of factory management. He is unniarried. 
At Anderson he holds membership in the 
ChambtT of ('oiinner«-e, the Anderson 
Conntrv (Mub. is a inei!il>er of the Colinn- 
bia Clnb of Indianapolis, of the Society 
of AntoinoTjv*' Knirine<»rs of America. an<l 
is a member of tlh» Presbyterian ('hur«h 
and a rei»»ibliran voter. 

Kih;\r H. Evans. F«»r npwards of half 
a •••'ntury th«» nam* of Evans in Indianap- 
olis has been projiiiiiently associated with 



the milling industry, and some of the big- 
gest and best flour mills in the state have 
been developed through the activities of 
these masters of flour manufacture. 

George T. Evans was in the milling busi- 
ness at Indianapolis for nearly fifty years. 
In 1861 he managed the Capitol Mills on 
Market Street west of the State House. 
In 1878 he became associated with the 
Hoosier Flour Mills, the logical successor 
of the first flouring mill established in In- 
dianapolis, which was a grist mill built 
by Isaac Wilson in 1821. It was a water 
mill, situated on Walnut Street near the 
present site of the City Hospital. In the 
early '50s Samuel J. Patterson, a son-in- 
law of Isaac Wilson, associated with James 
Blake and James M. Ray, moved the busi- 
ness of the old grist mill to the National 
Road and White River, building a new 
mill, also a water mill, known as the 
Hoosier State Flour Mill. In 1864 this 
was torn down and the present brick struc- 
ture erected in its place, steam power being 
later added. At that time its owners were 
C. E. and J. C. Qeisendorff, who were 
succeeded in the Seventies by D. A. Rich- 
ardson & Company, and in 1881 by Rich- 
ardson & Evans. 

In 1893 the business became George T. 
Evans & Son. This firm developed the 
Hoasier Mill from a 200 barrel mill to a 
1,000 barrel daily capacity. This partner- 
ship was consolidated in 1909 with the 
Acme Milling Company, owning two large 
flour mills, under the name of Acme-Evans 
Company, the president being George T. 
Evans, who was then recognized as In- 
diana's foremost miller. 

Edgar H. Evans succeeded to the presi- 
dency of the Acme-Evans Company on the 
death of his father in the latter part of 
WHY.). A new era in the milling business 
was gradnally developed. Mill H being con- 
verted into a corn, meal and stock feed 
mill, and the flour mills being gradually 
iniprove<l and enlargtMl. 

In Ortober, 1917. the largest mill, Mill 

A, was eompletelv dest roved bv fire. It 

I • . » 

was immediatelv decided to rebuild and 
abont a year later Mill C was completed. 
It is a concrete strnctnre, nine stories high, 
with a capacity of 2,000 barrels of flour 
daily, and a concrete grain storage for 
nearly .*W).(MK) bnsjirls. all representing the 
last word in niillinL^ constnn*tion. It is 
not only the largiM ami lM»st mill in In- 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1609 



diana, but has been called the best mill in 
the world. 

Edgar 11. Evans was bom at Saratoga 
Springs, New York, July 18, 1870. He 
wa8 educated in the public schools of In- 
dianapolis, gpraduating from the City High 
School in 1888 and from Wabash College 
with the A. H. degree in 1892. His alma 
mater conferre<l upon him the Masteni of 
Arts (legw»e in i;>06. Mr. Evans has de- 
voted himself largely to milling, in which 
he in everywhere rt»cognired as a past 
master. He is also prenident of the In- 
dianapolis Elevator (*ompany. and is in- 
teresteti in the management of two otl-er 
companies. For one year he was pro»i- 
dent and two years vice president of iho 
Hoard of Trade, being now a meml>cr of 
its l>oard of governors. He was also a 
dire<'tor for a term in the Chaml)er of Com- 
merce and is a meml)er of the Chicago 
Board of Trade, the St. Louis Men'hants 
Exchange, and the National Chamber of 
Commerce. 

Mr. Evans is a republican of progressive 
tendencies, is an elder of the Tal>ernaclc 
Prcsb>'terian Church, a trustee of Wabash 
College, a director of the Indianapolis 
Young Men*s Christian Association and 
a trustee of the Indianapolis Young 
Women's Christian Assoeiation. He be- 
longs to the Cniversity, Country and 
AVoodstock clubs, the Dramatic Club and 
the Contemporary* Clulx In 1899 he mar- 
ried Miss Ella L. Malott. They have two 
daughters, Eleanor and Mary. 

Hon. Charles Mo.vroe Fortune, whose 
services both as a lawyer and former cir- 
cuit judge at Terre Haute have made his 
name familiar throughout the state, is an 
Indianan whoRe distinctions have been in 
evrrv case worthily earned. As a voup^: 
man he was not una<*quainte<l with hard- 
:<hip and with hone^n manual toil, and he 
knows how to appret*iate and sympathize 
with all clasKes and conditions of men. 

Judge Fortune was bom in Vigo County. 
Indiana, on a farm, Xovembor 25, 1870. 
His grandfather, Zachariah Fortune, was 
an early settler in Meigs County, Ohio, 
where Henrv Cole Fortune, father of 
Judfre Fortune, was Imrn in 1831. Henry 
Cole Fortune married in Mason County, 
West Virj^inia. FraneeN Howell, who was 
Uirn in that county in 1S3S. Her father, 

Voi. IV— 4 



Nelson Howell, went as a soldier in the 
Civil war and lost his life in battle. 

Henry C. Fortune came into the Wabash 
Valley during the '50s, and while the Civd 
war was in progress he operated as a con- 
tractor a ferry on the Wabash River at 
Darwin, Illinois. In 1869 he bought a 
farm of 170 acres in Prairie Creek Town- 
ship of Vigo County, and subsequently op- 
erated another farm which he owned in 
Clark County, Illinois. He died at his 
home in Clark County in July, 1883. His 
widow survived him until February 28, 
1907. They were the parents of nine chil- 
dren, seven of whom n^ached maturity and 
two are now living, DeKalh, a farmer in 
Prairie Oeek Township of Vigo County, 
and Judge Fortune. 

Judtre Fortune was the youngest of 
seven sons. He was only twelve years of 
age when his father die<l, and that event 
in the family history cause<l him to come 
face to face with the serious responsibili- 
ties of life, and he had to do his own 
thinking and at an early age was earning 
his own living. At the age of sixteen he 
left the home farm, where he had acquired 
!iost of his s(*hooling, and for two years 
he worke<l as a hand in a factory at Terre 
Haute. I^ter as a clerk he worked at the 
Matchmaker's trade, and while that gave 
him employment for his daylight hours he 
spent the evenings in the study of law. In 
1898 he entered the law oflRce of Cox ft 
Davis at Terre Haute, and after three 
yviiVH passe<l a successful examination be- 
fore the examining committee of the local 
bar a.Hsoeiation. Forthwith he entered 
upon an active practice in 1901, and for 
:hree years was associate<l with Judge 
James H. Swango. In November, 1905, 
Mr. Fortune aeeepted the democratic nom- 
i tint ion for the office of city judge. It was 
|)opularly umlerstood that this was only 
a nominal honor, sinee Terre Haute was a 
strongholtl of republicanism, and it was 
with gratified surprise on the part of his 
frieiuis and party associates and with con- 
siderable eonstemation in the opposite 
eamp that he was elected by a majority of 
seventy vot<*s. Judge Fortune entered upon 
his duties as city judge in January. 1906, 
and serveil thirty-three months. He re- 
signe<l to take up his duties as judge of 
the Vigo Cireuit Court, to whieh he was 
ehvted on the democratic tieket bv the 



1610 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



largest majority ever given a circuit judge 
in that district. 

Judge Fortune was on the Circuit bench 
six years. In that time he handled on the 
average 1,500 cases every year, and with- 
out reviewing his judicial career here it is 
sufHcient to say that among all that great 
number of decisions which he rendered only 
five cases were appealed, and there was 
only one reversal by higher courts. It was 
Judge Fortune who more than any other 
individual led the movement in Terre 
Haute which brought about not only re- 
form in local politics but gave a decided 
impetus to political reform throughout the 
nation, when a large group of prominent 
Terre Haute men were indicted and tried 
in the Federal Courts. 

Judge Fortune has long been prominent 
in local fraternities at Terre Haute, being 
a member of the Young Men's Institute 
and Knights of Columbus No. 541. is a 
member of the Commercial and the Young 
Men's Business clubs, and in his profession 
and in his capacity as a private citizen has 
found many ways to indulge a practical 
philanthropy in behalf of many worthy 
persons and causes. 

Judge Fortune first married, March 18, 
1897, Myrtle L. Sparks, who died the same 
year. She was well known in literarj* 
circles in Terre Haute and a number t)f 
her verses which were first published in 
the old Terre Haute Express were after- 
ward put into book form. In July. 1911, 
Judge Fortune married Gertrude Maison, 
a native of Terre Haute and a daughter of 
A. W. and Caroline (Myer) Maison. 

Calfb Blood Smith was a native of 
Boston. Massachusetts, bom April 16, 1808, 
but at the early age of six years he went 
with his parents to Ohio. He received his 
professional training in Cincinnati, and in 
Coniiersville. Indiana, being admitted to 
the bar in 1828, and he began practice at 
Connersville. 

Mr. Smith served several terms in the 
Indiana L«*jrislature. was elected to Con- 
gress as a whi^f in 1843-9. and he returned 
to the practice of law in 18.>0, first in Con- 
nersville an<l later in Indianapolis. Mr. 
Smith was influential in securing the nomi- 
nation of Abraham Lincoln for the presi- 
dency, and was appointed by him secretary 
of the interior in 1861. He resigned that 
oflSce to become United States circuit judge 



for Indiana. The death of Caleb B. Smith 
occurred in Indianapolis in 1864. 

John Jennings. For nearly a century 
the family o£ Jennings have lived in 
Marion County, where in an unobtrusive 
way they have been identified with the ma- 
terial welfare of the community and with 
its best civic interests and idc^. Many 
of the older citizens of Indianapolis stiU 
remember kindly and gratefully the late 
John Jennings, who died at his winter 
home in Mobile, Alabama, in November 
30, 1907. 

He was a son of Allen Jennings, a na- 
tive of Virginia, who first came to In- 
diana the same year the state was ad- 
mitted to the Union, in 1816. His pur- 
pose in coming into this trackless wilder- 
ness was to seek a home where land was 
abundant and cheap and where practically 
unlimited opportunities existed for the 
future. The place he selected was at 
Bridgeport in Marion County. The capital 
of Indianapolis had not yet been selected 
and Marion County was far out on the 
very frontier of civilization. Having made 
his tour of Indiana Allen Jennings re- 
turned to Virginia, where in 1818 he mar- 
ried Eleanor Thornbrough. In 1820 he 
brought his bride and took up his per- 
manent home at Bridgeport. The work of 
the pioneer is often unappreciated because 
of the very fact it must necessarily be done 
somewhat remote from other human so- 
ciety and in a quiet, inconspicuous way 
that does not lend itself readily to the field 
of heroic description. It was the life of 
the pioneer, filled with all its adversities 
and wild attractiveness, that Allen Jen- 
nings lived for over forty years in Indiana. 
He died in 1864. His wife passed away 
in 1849. They were the parents of five 
sons and f\\e daughters. 

John Jennings was bom on the old Jen- 
nings homestead in Pike Township of 
Marion County June 27, 1837. He lived to 
be a little more than three score and ten 
years of age. As a boy he helped grub, 
clear, plant and reap, as was customary 
for the farmer's son of that time. As op- 
portunity afforded he attended the neigh- 
boring district school. In young manhood 
he began an extremely active career by be- 
coming a merchant at Augusta. Later he 
was a merchant at Trader's Point in Pike 
Township, where with an associate he built 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



16U 



aiid operated a burr water power flour 
mill. He also bought livestock extensively. 
These activities made him widely known. 
In the livestock business he was associated 
with the w*ell known Indiana packers Kin- 
gan & Company. In 1870 Mr. Jennings 
moved to Oswego, Kansas, where for five 
years he operated a pork packing estab- 
lishment. Later, on his return to Indian- 
apolis, he was in the general contracting 
business and finally moved to Grand 
Tower, Illinois, on the Mississippi River, 
where he operated a general store and 
bought livestock. In a business way he 
was fairly successful, and personally pos- 
sessed many sterling qualities that made 
him an object of universal esteem. He was 
a member of the Presbyterian Church and 
a republican voter. 

His first wife, whom he married March 
:n, 1859, was Martha McCurdy. David 
McCurdy, her father, was bom in Ireland, 
was brought to America when young, and 
from New York State moved to Marion 
County, Indiana, in 1818, being one of the 
vor>' first settlers there. John and Martha 
Jennings had five children: David, now 
a resident of Arizona; Albert, deceased; 
Conrad and Augustus, who constitute the 
present real estate firm of Jennings 
Brothers of Indianapolis: and Martha, 
wife of John P. Howard, of Marion Coun- 
ty. Of the Jennings brothers Augustus 
is the only one who marrie<l. June 12, 
1895, he married Miss Katherine Broun- 
ley. who died June 11, 1918. John Jen- 
nings married for his second wife Mrs. 
I^ura ( Reagan ) Wallace. 

HroH Alvin CowiNO, M. I). A mem- 
ber of the nieili<*al profcHsional in Dela- 
ware County since 1890. the name of Doc- 
tor Cowing is sufficiently associate*! with 
able and skillful service and with high 
attainments to give him rank among the 
foremost physicians and surgeons of the 
state. Apart from his own valuable work 
and citizenship he represents a family 
name that ever>'where is spoken with the 
respect it desenes in this part of Indiana. 

He is a grandson of Joseph and Rachel 
(Horner^ Cowing and is a son of Gran- 
ville and Lucy (Moran) Cowing. The life 
of (iranville Cowing covered nearly a cen- 
turv. He was bom near the Town of 
Weston in licwis County, in what is now 
West Virginia, March 1, 1824, and he was 



taken in 1830 by his parents to Fairfield, 
Ohio. It indicates something of his in- 
tellectual gifts when it is stated that before 
this removal he had learned to read under 
private instruction at home. During his 
youthful days he served an apprenticeship 
at the printing and newspaper business, and 
came to the maturity of his powers as a 
journalist in the critical period of the na- 
tion 's history covering the growing hostil- 
ity to the institutions of slavery. In 1849 
he went to Washington, D. C, and spent 
a year with the National Era, at that 
time one of the strongest anti-slavery 
papers of the country. In the fall of 1850 
he was ap|>ointed to a position in the sec- 
ond auditor's office of the treasury depart- 
ment, and remained in the national capi- 
tal for six years. On account of failing 
health in the beginning of 1857 he returned 
to Indiana, and soon afterward settled up- 
on a farm close to the City of Muncie, 
where he lived until his death, December 
20, 1917. Though his later years were 
spent in the modest occupation of farm- 
ing and fruit culture, he always mani- 
fested a keen interest in politics and great 
soi'ial (luestions, and frequently contrib- 
uted articles from his forceful pen to mag- 
azines and newspapers. 

On the old home farm near Muncie, a 
place originally acquir^l by his grand- 
father and so long (K'cupied by his father, 
Doctor Cowing was bom July 28, 1860. 
He was etlucated in the common schools, 
graduated from the Muncie Higli School 
in 1882, and had already begun teaching^ 
a vocation he followcil for eight years, un- 
til 1887. In 1886 Doctor Cowing took up 
the studv of medicine un<ler Dr. O. W^. II. 
Kemper of Muncie. Later he attended lec- 
tures at the Miami Medical College in 
Cincinnati and was granted his M. D. de- 
gree March 11, 1890. On the 24th of the 
same month he l>egan a partnership with 
Do<»tor Kemper at Muncie, and they were 
associated until 1897. 

Doctor Cowing sensed as secretary in 
1893 and president in 1906 of the Dela- 
ware Countv Medical Societv. He has al- 
ways been a leader in medical organiza- 
tions and in public health movements. He 
is a member of the Indiana State Medical 
Association, the American Medical Asso- 
ciation and the American Public Health 
Association. In 1908 was a member of the 
Indiana State Committee of the Inter- 



1612 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



national Congress on Tuberculosis, and for 
twenty-three years served as secretary o£ 
the Delaware County Board of Health. 

In April, 1917, Doctor Cowing was ap- 
pointed by Governor Gk)odrich to serve as 
a member of the State Board of Health 
of Indiana, and the board then elected him 
vice president. He was elected president 
of the board in April, 1919. He has also 
been president of the Delaware County 
Children's Home Association and of the 
Delaware County Board of Children's 
Guardians. 

His individual experience and his serv- 
ices to the medical profession at large are 
well indicated by the following list of his 
contributions to literature: Tobacco; Its 
Effect up>on the Health and Morals of a 
Community ; Diseases of the Cornea ; Para- 
centesis Thoracis published in the Indiana 
Medical Journal of May, 1892; A Case 
of Tetanus; Recovery, in the same journal 
January 1893; Fracture of the Skull; re- 
port of two cases with operation and re- 
covery, June, 1894; report of a case of 
Purpura, Cincinnati Lancet Clinic, Janu- 
ary 27, 1894; history of a smallpox epi- 
demic at Muncie in 1893, and management 
of an outbreak of smallpox, Twelfth An- 
nual Report of the Indiana State Board 
of Health, 1893; How Shall we Solve the 
Tuberculosis Problem? 1905; The Adul- 
teration of Food and Drugs, read before 
the Delaware County Medical Society; 
Twins, and their Relation to Obstetric 
Procedurfes, 1901 ; The Modem Sanatorium 
Treatment of Tuberculosis, 1906, before 
the Indiana State Medical Society; Shall 
Indiana Improve her Laws to Regulate 
the Practice of Medicine? 1906; The 
Tuberculosis Sanatorium, 1905, read be- 
fore the Health Officers School at Indian- 
apolis; The Relation of the Physician to 
the Tuberculosis Problem, 1906, before the 
American Public Health Association at 
Asheville, North Carolina; The Hospital 
and the Sanatorium a Necessity in they 
Combat of Tuberculosis, 1906; and Six 
Hundred Cases of Labor in Private Prac- 
tice, 1907, before the Indiana State Medi- 
cal Society; Need for the Whole-Time 
Health Officer, read before the Annual 
Health Officers Conference, Indiana State 
Board of Health, 1914. 

Doctor Cowing is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. June 23, 
1892, he married Miss Alice E. Frey, of 



Cincinnati. They have two children, Kem- 
per Frey Cowing and Rachel Cowing. His 
son Kemper recently a corporal in the 
Marine Corps, resides in Wlashington, D. 
C, and is a successful writer. His recent 
book, **Dear Folks at Home,'' the story 
of the Marines in France, was published 
by Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, in 
January, 1919. His poem, **When Peace 
Comes," published in The Educator- 
Journal, Indianapolis, January, 1919, has 
received very favorable criticism. 

Rev. John Christopher Peters. One 
of the fine old church congregations of 
Indianapolis is Zion's Evangelical Church, 
around which the spiritual aspirations of 
a large cominunity have rallied for three 
quarters of a century. For almost half 
of this time, since 1883, the pastor and 
spiritual leader has been Rev. John Chris- 
topher Peters. 

He has been a resident of America and 
an American in thought and action since 
young manhood. His birth occurred near 
Halberstadt in Saxony, Germany, Janu- 
ary 21, 1854. His parents were Andreas 
and Sophia (Rohrbeck) Peters. 

The only child of his parents still living, 
John Christopher Peters in early youth 
determined upon a ministerial career, and 
thus, though he was a resident of Ger- 
many, through his twentieth year he was 
exempted from military duty. He attend- 
ed the Mission Seminary in Berlin, and 
after coming to the United States in 1874 
he entered the Pro-seminary of the Evan- 
gelical Synod of North America at Elm- 
hurst, Illinois. From there he entered 
Eden College, then located about fifty 
miles west of St. Louis, to which city it has 
been removed. Through these advantages 
and having made a favorable impression 
upon the church authorities by his zeal 
and readiness to assume obligation, he was 
sent as a missionary to Pawnee County, 
Nebraska, and Nemaha County, Kansas. 
Among the German families of those coun- 
ties he organized the Salem Evangelical 
Church at Steinauer. His next field of 
labors was at Creston, Iowa, where he or- 
ganized St. John's Evangelical Church. 

His work at Creston has been further 
memorable to him because there he took 
out his first papers in the process of 
qualifying as an American citizen. He 
had been in Indianapolis about three years 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1613 



when, in Februarys 1886, the last paper 
and proof of his naturalization was made. 

Zion*8 Evanfi^lical Church, to which Mr. 
Peters came in 1883, was organized in 
1841. The first church edifice was erected 
at 32 West Ohio Street in 1845. The 
(H^und cost $750. The second church was 
built on the same lot, but in 1912, when 
the grrowth of the c<mgre§ration necessi- 
tated another l(M*ation and a larger build- 
ing, it was determined to sell the original 
site, which had l)e<'ome valuabU* for busi- 
ness purposes and brought a price of 
♦105,000. Having iKwight new ground at 
their present location, the congregation 
erected a church costing $138,000, which is 
still one of the l)etter examples of eivlesi- 
astical architecture in the city. 

When Rev. Mr. Peters took charge of 
Zions Church its membership consisted 
of only sixty-eight souls. Of these six are 
still living. Today this congrregation com- 
prises 500 members and is one of the large 
and fiourishing churches and an eflfective 
instrument of gooil, doing much to build 
and 8upi>ort orphanages and other insti- 
tutions and all causes of worthy benev- 
olence. 

In the thirty-six years of Rev. Mr. 
Peters' pastorate he has officiated at 2J00 
funerals. He is a member of the Deacons' 
Society and is vice presi<lent of the Ger- 
man llomc for the Aged. He is a pro- 
nounce<l believer in democratic institu- 
tions, and though he had to learn the 
English language after coming to this 
countrv' he has been more than satisfied 
with the choice which leti him here. 

In 1880 Mr. Peters marrieii Marie Nes- 
tel, daughter of Rev. C. Nestel, of Her- 
man, Missouri. Their married companion- 
ship continues! for twenty-seven years, un- 
til interrupted by her death in 1907. By 
this marriage Mr. Peters has one child, 
who is now the wife of Rev. P. S. Meyer 
of Bethel Evangelical Chun'h in St. 
Ix)uis. In 1908 Rev. Mr. Peters marrie<l 
Elizabeth Cnger, who was bom in Ger- 
many, daughter of Rev. Herman Cnger, 
who during the boyhood of Mr. Peters had 
l)efriende<l him in many ways and did 
much to encourage him and dire<*t his 

efforts toward a higher e<lucation. 

\ 

r 

Artihr a. Ai.kxam>er. For over fifty 
yenr Alexander has Iwvn one of the promi- 
nent names in the business, financial and 



civic life of Franklin and Johnson County. 
The late Robert A. Alexander was a busi- 
ness man and banker of this city until a 
few years ago, and his son Arthur A. has 
been active both in general business and 
banking for over a quarter of a century. 

The late Robert A. Alexander, who died 
November 21, 1915, established a hardware 
store at Franklin in 1855. For a number 
of years he was vice president of the 
Franklin National Bank, and finally be- 
eame president of the Citizens National 
Bank of Franklin, holding that office until 
he was succeeded by his son. He also 
wrvetl as a menil)er of the board of direc- 
tors of Franklin College for a number of 
yean*. Rol)ert A. Alexander, while promi- 
nent in business and a man of large affairs, 
resided in the State of Indiana his entire 
life, where he was l>orn and where he died, 
but he traveled extensively. He married 
Screpta E. Riley, who die<l August 30, 
1915. They had only two children, Ar- 
thur A. and Clara A., now deceased. 
Clara married Rev. T. N. Todd, a minister 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

Arthur A. Alexander was bom at Frank- 
lin in Johnson County July 1, 1870. He 
was eilucated in the eonnnon schools and 
in 1883 entereil the preparatory depart- 
ment of Franklin College, taking the scien- 
tific course and graduating in 1890 with 
the degree Baehelor of Science. He is 
now on the boanl of trustees of Franklin 
College. 

In 1891, when only twenty-one years of 
age, Mr. Alexander organized the Frank- 
lin Canning Company and was its secre- 
tary for a numlier of years and also a 
director. For several years he was located 
at Campbellvillc, Kentucky, in the inter- 
ests of the Franklin Lumber Company, of 
which he was secretary, treasurer and di- 
rector. In HKK), returning to Franklin, 
he resume<l his active connection with the 
business life of this city and in 1903 was 
appointed vice president of the Citizens 
National Bank. In 1JK)9 he was elected his 
father's successor as president of that in- 
stitution. Mr. Alexander is a successful 
but very unassuming business man, has 
associated himself with the best things in 
community life, and has always l>een gen- 
erous of his time and efforts in behalf 
of th*>se who are deserving. 

.\s a banker he sen'e<l as chairman of 
both the first and sei^ond campaigns for 



1614 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



the sale of liberty bonds in Johnson Coun- 
ty, and he has also added to the gratifying 
results of this county's contribution to war 
causes as a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the Red Cross. Mr. Alexander is 
vice president of the Franklin Building & 
Loan Company, was master and treasurer 
of the Masonic Lodge ten years and is a 
Knight Templar Mason. 

December 18, 1902, he married Rose 
Willis Tyner, of Fairfield, Indiana, daugh- 
ter of Richard H. and Anna (Miller) Ty- 
ner. Mrs. Alexander is the only sister of 
Mrs. Albert N. Crecraft, under which 
name on other pages will be found an ex- 
tended account of the prominent Tyner 
family and its connections. Mrs. Alexan- 
der is chairman of the woman's commit- 
tee for the Third Liberty Loan campaign 
in Johnson County. Both she and her hus- 
band are active in the Presbyterian 
Church, Mr. Alexander being a member of 
the board of deacons. 

Harmon H. Friedley. No one appoint- 
ment of Governor Goodrich since he took 
ofl&ce has done more to strengthen the con- 
fidence of the people in the efl&ciency of 
his administration than when he selected 
Harmon H. Friedley as state fire marshal. 
Mr. Friedley is not a politician, and has 
never been in politics more than any good 
citizen is. The field of his work for many 
years, and that in which he has gained 
special distinction, has been fire insurance, 
and it was as an expert and on account 
of his long and honorable record in in- 
surance circles that he was selected for the 
important resf)onsibilities of his present 
office. 

Mr. Friedley is a native of Indiana, 
bom on a farm in Harrison County and 
reared in the rural districts of that section 
of the stat«. His father, Jacob D. Fried- 
ley, was born at Bardstown, Kentucky, 
in 1816. In 1820, when four years of 
age, he was brought to Indiana by his 
parents, who settled on what was known 
as the ** Barrens'* in Harrison County, 
when Cory don was still the state capital. 
Henry Friedley, the grandfather of the 
state fire marshal, and his wife spent the 
rest of their days in Harrison County. 

Jacob Friedlev followed farming all his 
active career. He was a sturdy character, 
in keeping with his Swiss ancestry, and 
was a man of powerful physique. He was 



a Methodist class leader for half a century 
and noted for his strict probity and high 
standing in his community. He married 
Elizabeth Ann Evans, who died in 1844, 
the mother of twelve children. The oldest 
of these children was Francis A. Friedley, 
who became a noted Methodist minister 
and widely known over practically the en- 
tire state of Indiana. Jacob Friedley mar- 
ried a second wife and lived until 1884. 
Most of the men of the Friedley family 
have been farmers. 

Harmon H. Friedley grew up on the 
home farm, attended school during the 
winter months, and acquired sufficient edu- 
cation to enable him to pass the county 
superintendent's examination and secure a 
teacher's certificate. For about ten terms 
he taught school, and with the means thus 
secured attended higher institutions of 
learning. He put in two terms at work in 
the old Muncie Central Academy, where 
he came under the instruction of those 
noted educators, Hamilton S. McCrea and 
his wife, Emma Mont McCrea. In the 
fall of 1872 he entered the freshman class 
of the Indiana State University at Bloom- 
ington, and was there through the junior 
year. From the age of sixteen Mr. Fried- 
ley had to make his own way in the world. 
In the fall of 1875, leaving university, he 
bought the Bedford Gazette, and operated 
that paper until after the fall election of 
1876. He then sold out and the material 
was later moved to Oskaloosa, Iowa. On 
leaving newspaper work Mr. Friedley en- 
tered the law office of Putnam & Friedley, 
the junior member being his cousin, George 
W. Friedley, one of Indiana's foremost 
lawyers. He was clerk in this office and 
had charge of some of the minor prac- 
tice of the firm until the spring of 1879. 
He then became the junior member in 
charge of the Bloomington branch office 
of the firm of Friedley & Friedley. While 
there he took up fire insurance, represent- 
ing the Royal Insurance Company of 
Liverpool. 

In the summer of 1884 Mr. Friedlev 
was made special agent for Indiana of this 
company, and a few months later removed 
to Indianapolis. With the exception of 
five years Indianapolis has been his home 
ever since. This period of five years, un- 
til 1901, he was superintendent of the 
loss department of his company at Chi- 
cago. After returning from Chicago in 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1615 



IDOl he represented the Insurance Com- 
pany of North America as state agent and 
adjustor, and finally as general adjustor. 
Insurance men generally look upon him 
as an expert, and his appointment as state 
tire marshal on March 24, 1917, had the 
complete support of the insurance frater- 
nity, which in itself is the highest testi- 
monial to Mr. Friedley*s qualifications. 

In politics Mr. Friedley is a republican. 
He married in 1881 Miss Sybil Hines. 
Her father, Jesse Hines, was a brick con- 
tractor and constructed the old brick 
Tnion Depot at Indianapolis. I^ater he 
moved to Bloomington. Mr. and Mrs. 
F>iedley have one child* Jesse Durr, who 
is a graduate of Harvard University and 
in the development of his special talents 
attended Kensington Art Schools in Lon- 
don, England. He is now assistant cura- 
tor of the Metropolitan Museum of New 
York Citv. 

Orlando D. Haskett is head of the 0. 
I). Haskett Lumber Company, one of the 
larger wholesale and retail lumber plants 
in Indianapolis, situated on Twenty-fifth 
Street at the I^ke Erie & Western Rail- 
wav. Mr. Haskett is an old and tried 
man in the lumber business, both in the 
manufsi'turing and distribution ends, and 
is also representative of a very old and 
honored name in Indiana. 

He was born in Hamilton County of this 
state Octol)or 30, 1868. His father, Daniel 
Y. Haskett, was born in North Carolina 
and was one of the many Quakers of that 
state who sought homes in Indiana. He 
came to this state at the age of twenty, 
first lo<*ating at German town in Wayne 
County, where a largi*r part of the popula- 
tion were former North Carolinans. Not 
long afterward he bought a large tract of 
land where Tipton is now locate<i. The 
entire population of Tipton at that time 
was houscil in a single small log cabin. 
After a few years he moveii to Hamilton 
County. In North Carolina he was an ap- 
prenticed coach maker, but in Indiana fol- 
lowed the business of farming, and very 
profitably, and was an influential citizen 
of his localitv. He held the office of town- 
ship tnistee, and as a young man voted 
with the whigs and later was an active 
republican. During the Civil war he broke 
with the Quaker Church, in which he had 
Wen reareil and to which he had always 



given his faithful allegiance, because the 
church would not endorse the active war 
against slavery*. During that period he 
affiliated with the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church. Later he resumed his member- 
ship in the Quaker faith, but did not break 
his bond with the Masonic fraternity* 
which he had also joined during the period 
of the war. Daniel Y. Haskett died in 

1902, at the age of eigh^-six years. He 
was three times married. His first wife 
was Elizabeth Godfrey, and two of the 
sons of that marriage, Caswell W. and 
Albert A., were soldiers in the Union 
army. An)ert is still living, a resident of 
Hamilton County, Indiana. Daniel Y. 
Haskett married for his second wife Han- 
nah Lowry. His third wife and the mother 
of Orlando D. Haskett was Hannah B. 
Day. who was l>orn near Mooresville in 
Morgan County, Indiana, and died in 1892, 
at the age of fifty-eight. 

Orlando I). Haskett spent his boyhood 
days on a farm in Hamilton County and 
was reared under the influences of the 
Quaker religion, attending the Quaker 
Academy at West field. At the age of 
twenty he (|uit school and went out on the 
plains of .Nebraska, where he spent a year 
on a cattle and corn ranch. That g^ve him 
a sufficiency of western life and on his re- 
turn to Indiana he lived as a farmer until 
his marriage on .May 8, 1890. His bride 
was Elma Talln^rt, daughter of Milo Tal- 
l)ert. Mr. and Mrs. Haskett have one 
daughter, Reba E. 

Aft4»r his marriage Mr. Haskett became 
asso<*iated with his brother-in-law, O. E. 
Talbert, in the lumber business at West- 
field. That was the beginning of an active 
business relation which has continued now 
for over a c|uarter of a century. In March, 
1893, Mr. Haskett became manager of the 
Cicero Lumber Company and in 190*2 he 
went to Mississippi to become president 
and manager of the Mount Olive Lumber 
Company and had charge of the three saw 
mills of the company in that state. In 

1903, returning to Indiana, he located at 
Indianapolis, where he had charge of the 
wholesale department of the Greer- W^ilkin- 
son Lumber Company for two years. He 
then organized the Adams-Carr Company, 
of which he v treasurer and manager, 
and in 1909 be le vice lent of the 
Huniet -Lewis d ly. r i) change 
was made in 1914, I the 



1616 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



0. D. Haskett Lumber Company and is 
now head of a business which represents a 
large investment of capital and has a very 
pleasing volume of business throughout 
the territory served by Indianapolis as a 
lumber center. 

Mr. Haskett has been a man of affairs 
in Indianapolis, was formerly president of 
its Chamber of Commerce and president 
of the Greater Indianapolis Association. 
He is a director of the Associated Em- 
ployers and a director of the Commercial 
National Bank. He also belongs to the 
Marion and Columbia clubs, is a repub- 
lican, a member of the Fourth Presby- 
terian Church, and in Masonry is affil- 
iated with Ancient Landmarks Lodge, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
Reaper Coramandery, Knights Templars, 
Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine, the 
Modem Woodmen of America, and retains 
his membership in the Knights of Pythias 
Lodge at Cicero, of which he is past chan- 
cellor. For ten years he has been a deacon 
in the Presbyterian Church. 

Arthtr Wylie, secretary and manager 
of the Elwood Lumber Company, has com- 
pressed a great volume of substantial ac- 
tivity into his comparatively brief career. 
He enjoys the responsibilities of several 
official connections with business affairs at 
Elwood, and is alsc| a man of trusted 
leadership in civic affairs. 

Mr. Wylie was bom at Stellarton, Nova 
Scotia, in 1873, a son of William and Mar- 
garet (McKenzie) WVlie. The original 
home of the Wylies was in Renfrewshire, 
Scotland. His grandfather, Andrew W^ylie, 
was born there, married Agnes Pollock, 
and later emigrated with his family to 
Nova Scotia, and settled at Stellarton. He 
had f\ye children, all bom in Scotland ex- 
cept William, who was bom at Stellarton. 
William Wylie spent his life in Nova 
S<»otia and for manv vears conducted a 
men*antil«» business at Stt^llartoti and 
Spring Hill. He di<*<l at Spring Hill in 
1S97. and his widow is still livng at Stel- 
larton. They had six children, four sons 
and two daughters. 

Fifth in age among the family, Arthur 
Wylie grew up in his native province, and 
«tt»»nde<l s<*h<M)l at Stellarton and Spring 
Hill. At the ag«» of twelve he went to 
work. Inking the handy l>oy in a ireneral 
store for a vear and a half. He then 



clerked in a drug store, and practical ex- 
perience enabled him to pass a Board of 
Provincial Examiners in pharmacy, and 
for several years he was a registered phar- 
macist at Amherst, Nova Scotia. 

Mr. Wylie came to the United States in 
1896, and for a year attended the Lincoln 
Business College at Lincoln, Illinois. Then, 
in 1897, he came to Elwood to join his 
uncle, Alexander McKenzie, in the latter 's 
lumber business. He worked as yard man 
and bookkeeper, and mastered successively 
the various details of the lumber business, 
and in 1904, when the business was reor- 
ganized as the Elwood Lumber Company, 
he became a stockholder and manager and 
secretary'. This is one of the important 
firms of its kind in Madison County, has 
twelve employes on the pay roll, and does 
a large business throughout the surround- 
ing district in lumber, planing mill work, 
building hardware and coal. 

Mr. Wyle also is a director and stock- 
holder in the Elwood Rural Savings and 
Loan Association. In 1916-17 he was pres- 
ident of the Elwood Chamber of Com- 
merce, and has been elected to again serve 
in that capacity during the present year. 
He is a member of the Indiana State Cham- 
ber of Commerce. He is also secretary 
and director of the Powell Traction Com- 
pany of Elw^ood. He is president of the 
Public Library- Board of Elwood, is a mem- 
ber of the Columbia Club of Indianapolis, 
and is a Royal Arch Mason chancellor 
commander of Elwood Lodge No. 166, 
Knights of Pythias, a member of the Bene- 
volent and Protective Order of Elks, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
the Improved Order of Red Men at El- 
wood. Politically he votes his sentiments 
as a republican and is a trustee of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

In 1908 he married Miss Laura Belle 
Brown, daughter of Dr. II. M. and Metta 
I Dowds) Brown of Elwood. Mrs. Wylie 
Is prominent in social and civic affairs at 
Elwoo<l, especially in those activities de- 
signed to promote the success of the great 
war. Since April. 1917, she has been chair- 
man of the W^oman's Executive Board of 
the Elwood Chapter of the Red Cross. She 
is also president of the Department Club, 
a eivie organization of Elwood. 

Mr. Wylie has been active in all war 
activities an<l was chairman of the Young 
Men's Christian Association drive. At the 




G^a:z:::^7^1^1, 




r 



!; 



Il 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1617 



organization of the first company of In- 
diana Liberty Guards at Elwood he was 
elected captain, and was later commis- 
Hioned lieutenant colonel of the Fifth Regi- 
ment. 

James Xobus Tyner, prominent in the 
public life of Indiana for many years, was 
lK)ni in Bn>okville of this state in 1826. 
He XwgSLU the practice of law in Peru, and 
a few years later was chosen to Congress 
as a republican to fill a vacancy. After re- 
tiring from that office he was appointed by 
President Grant second assistant postmas- 
ter general, and from the resignation of 
Marshall Jewell until the close of Grant's 
administration he was postmaster general. 
In April, 1877, he became first assistant 
postmaster general, serving in that office 
until his resignaticm in 1881. Mr. Tyner 
was the delegate from the United States 
to the International Postal Congress at 
Paris in 1878. 

CiiARLER J. Wafts is now rounding out 
nine years of consecutive service as super- 
intendent of the city school system of 
Terre Haute. Mr. Waits is a veteran in 
the educational field, and has fiUeil all 
grades in the service from a country s4*hool 
teacher to head of a big independent city 
school system. 

Mr. Waits was bom in Jennings County, 
Indiana, March 5, 1863, a son of Reuben 
and Nancy (McGannon) Waits, the former 
a native of Ohio and the latter of Indiana. 
He was the third child and second son in a 
family of seven, five of whom reached ma- 
turity. 

Professor Waits as a boy attended com- 
mon school in Jennings County. In 1884 
he graduated from a Quaker Academy at 
Azalia, and since then his service has been 
almost eontinuoiis in sehool work, though 
several years have been spent in higher 
institutions of learning as a student. In 
18S9 he praduate<l from the Indiana State 
Normal School. Prom 1889 to 1891 he was 
principal of the Prairie Cn»ek School, and 
then entered the Indiana State riiiversity 
«t Bloom ington for a year. Durin? 1892-93 
he was prin(*ipal of the higli seh<M»l at 
Centerville in Wavne Count v and then re- 
entenMl Indiana Cniversity. where he 
ffraduated A. H. in 1H94. From that 
year until 1H9S he was superintendent 
of sch«M)ls at Carlisle in Sullivan County. 



During 1898*99 he was a graduate student 
in the University of Illinois, from which 
he has his Master of Arts degree. In 
1899 Professor Waits came to Terre Haute, 
was head of the mathematics department 
of the high school for five years, was 

Erincipal from 1904 to 1910, and in the 
itter year became superintendent. He 
has done much to vitalize and build up the 
local schools, and is one of the broad 
minded and progressive educators of the 
state today. 

Professor Waits has been affiliated with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
since 1887. In 1894 he married Minnie B. 
Kundell of Owen County, Indiana. They 
have three children, Alice, Agnes and 
Charles. 

TiiF>>(x)RE Stempfei^ vicc president of 
the Fletcher- American National Bank of 
Indianapolis, has l>een a resident of the 
capital city for over thirty years, and came 
to Indiana with a thorough training in 
banking acc|uired during his early youth 
in G^nnany. Mr. Stempfel has had many 
associations with the business life of his 
home ctiy, and has always shown the in- 
clination to make his business position a 
source of benefit to those movements and 
interests which constitute the community. 

Mr. Stempfel was born at Ulm, Wuer- 
temberg, Germany, September 20, 1863. 
When he was seven years of age he lost 
both his parents. He turned to a business 
career and for two years worked as clerk in 
one of the leading banking houses of his 
native city. He served in the German 
armv, as a one vear volunteer. He was 
then nineteen years old, and on being let 
out of the ranks he was offered an assist- 
ant cashiership in the bank where he had 
formerly served. However, just at that 
point he had, as he says, an inspiration to 
eome to America. Acting on this inspira- 
tion he came direct to Indianapolis, 
whither he was attracted by the faet that a 
distant relative lived here. 

His first experience in Indianapolis was 
as an employe of the wholesale d(»partment 
of Charles Mayer & Company. In this 
establishment many of the (lerman Amer- 
ican eitizens of Indianapolis gainfil their 
early business traininir. Later Mr. Stemp- 
fel hejran work as a bookkeeper with the H. 
Lieber Company, and was with that firm 
seven years. lie then joined other local 



1618 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



men in organizing the Western Chemical 
Company, manufacturers of medicinal tar 
products. Within one year three dis- 
astrous fires occurred and destroyed the 
factory, and as a result Mr. Stempfel lost 
all the savings and accumulations of eight 
years' work in Indianapolis. 

Undismayed by temporary adversity, 
Mr. Stempfel in 1893 went to work as 
clerk in the trust department of the In- 
diana Trust Company. He remained with 
that prominent financial house until 1900. 
Upon the organization of the American 
National Bank in that year he was made 
assistant cashier, and filled that office for 
ten yeat^ or more. With the consolidation 
of the American National with the Fletcher 
Bank as the Fletcher-American National 
Bank Mr. Stempfel became vice president, 
and is now one of the executive officers 
in the handling of one of the largest, if not 
the largest, banks of Indiana, an institu- 
tion w^ith two million dollars of capital 
and resources of upwards of twenty rail- 
lions. In 1914 he was elected as a member 
of the Indianapolis School Board. 

In politics Mr. Stempfel has rigidly ad- 
hered to the principle of independent vot- 
ing, looking to the qualifications of the man 
and the principles at issue rather than 
party affiliations. lie is well known in 
civic and social affairs of Indianapolis, and 
has had many pleasant relations with the 
literarv circles of the citv. A numl>er 
of years ago he wrote a book on the subject 
of the German- Americans of Indianapolis, 
which was publisheil. Mr. Stempfel mar- 
ried a daughter of Herman Lieber, one of 
the best known of the old time citizens and 
business men of Indianapolis. 

William F. Fisher is active head and 
organizer of the Capital Contractors Sup- 
ply Company of Indianapolis. This busi- 
ness was organized April 19. 1918, but had 
been in existence undei* another name for 
a number of years. It handles a large 
volume of business supplying machinery 
and other materials to eontraetors. and its 
trade relations cover pra<'tically the entire 
state of Indiana. 

Mr. Fisher was born at Peru. Indiana, 
December 19. 1885, son of Frank and 
Bri<lget (Carr) Fisher. His father, who 
was bom in county Donegal, Ireland, in 
1849. came alone to the Fnited States in 
1863 and located at Indianapolis. In 1875 



he located at Peru, Indiana, and was con- 
nected with the Peru Water Works Com- 
pany and was later foreman in a lumber 
yard there for fifteen years. He was a 
man of- successful achievement, of honor- 
able character, and was recognized as one 
of Peru *s leading citizens. He and his wife 
had a family of seven sons and one daugh- 
ter, all living but one son. 

William F. Fisher, fifth in age among 
the children, attended parochial schools at 
Peru and also St. Joseph's College at 
Rensselaer. For one year he was in the 
service of the Northwestern Railroad Com- 
pany, was for three years traveling auditor 
with the Wisconsin Central Railway, and 
then returned to Indiana and was ap- 
pointed Pure Food Inspector in 1909 by 
William J. Jones, who was then the In- 
diana state chemist. After a short time he 
located at Indianapolis, engaged in general 
railroad work, and finally took over the 
business of the Albert Zearing Supply 
Company, which was an organization fur- 
nishing supplies and machinery to all 
classes of contractors. The offices of the 
Capital Contractors Supply Company is in 
the Castle Gall Building at 230 East Ohio 
Street. 

Mr. Fisher is a Catholic, a Knight of 
Columbus, an Elk and a democrat. His 
name was prominently mentioned in con- 
nection with the candidacy for the office 
of county sheriff recently. Mr. Fisher 
married April 7, 1910, Miss Mary E. 
Walker. 

Hon. Willi.vm \. Ro.vch. Throughout 
the past twenty years the name William 
A. Roach has \yeen one of growing signifi- 
cance and influence, first in the Town of 
Delphi, extending from that over Carroll 
County, gradually over the district, and 
now it is identified with one of the strongest 
personalities in the state, every Indianan 
recognizing it as the name of the present 
secretary of state. Mr. Roach is a lawyer 
by profession, and his ability as a public 
leafier in his county and district and his 
efficient business methods were the causes 
that operated most powerfully in produc- 
ing his appointment to the office of sec- 
retarv of state bv Governor Goodrich as 
successor to Ed Jackson. 

Secretary of State Roach was bom at 
Delphi, Indiana, December 24, 1874, one of 
four children, two now living, born to Wil- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1619 



liam and Anna (Morgan) Roach. William 
Roach, a native of Canada, came to this 
countr>' at the age of nineteen and located 
at Delphi, Indiana, in 1865. There for 
a time he drove a team for a local con- 
tractor, and afterwards for about fourteen 
years was in the ice business. For five 
years he lived on a fann, and in 1888 
bought an interest in the City Flouring 
Mills at Delphi, a business with which he 
is still identified. His life has been one 
of industry and integrity and he is one ot 
Delphi's most honored citizens. His first 
wife died in 1880, and he afterw^ard mar- 
ried Lavina Roach, and their three chil- 
dren are still living. 

William A. Roach grew up at Delphi, 
and that has been his homo all his life. 
He attended the Delphi High School, and 
read law in the office of Michael A. Ryan. 
In 1895 he entered the Indiana Law 
School, graduating in 1896 as a nu»ml)cr 
of the second graduating cla.ss from that 
school. He gained his first experience and 
won his first ca.ses at Delphi while prac- 
ticing in the office of his preceptor, and 
when Mr. Ryan moved to Indianapolis in 
1900 Mr. Roach succeeded to the vacated 
offices. In the same year he was made 
city attorney of Delphi, and handled all 
the legal business of the city for five years. 

Practically from the time he began prac- 
ticing law he has betMi a figure of rising 
prominence in the republican party. He 
8er\'ed as secretary of the Republican 
County Central Committee in 1902 and 
1904, was chainnan of the Countv Commit- 
tee in 1910 and 1912, was republican chair- 
man of the Ninth Congressional District in 
1914 and 1916, and had much to do with 
bringing about some of the results which 
were so noteworthy in the repul)lican suc- 
cess in Indiana in 1916. In DeccndM*r, 
1917, he was appointed secretary of state 
by Governor Oooilrich as successor to Ed 
Jack.son, who had been elected to that 
office in 1916. 

Mr. Roach is affiliated with Delphi Lodge 
No. 80. Knijrhts of Pythias. Mount Olive 
I^ge No. 48, Ancient Free and Acceptetl 
Masons, with Red Cross Chapter No. 21, 
Royal Arch Masons, Delphi Commandery 
No. 40, Knijrhts Tcnii>lar. an<l is a member 
of Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine at 
Indianapolis. He also l>elongs to the Co- 
lumbia Club and Marion Club of Indian- 



apolis and is well known socially in both 
cities. 

October 6, 1897, he married Miss Georgia 
Newell, of Chicago. Mrs. Roach was born 
at Rockfield in Carroll County, Indiana, 
a daughter of Henry M. and Julia (Van 
Gundy) Newell. Her maternal grand- 
father, Adam Van Gundy, was one of the 
early pioneers of Carroll County. 

William Wheei.er Thornton, judge of 
the Superior Court of Marion County and 
an Indiana lawyer of more than forty years 
active experience, has long been regarded 
both at home and abroail as one of the 
foremost authorities on many and diverse 
subjects of jurisprudence. Few active 
meml)ers of the profession are not familiar 
with his work as an author and editor, and 
his enduring reputation will no doubt rest 
upon his extensive contributions to legal 
literature, though his active services on 
the bench and bar have been of no ordinary 
calibre. 

A native of Indiana, William Wheeler 
Thornton was born at Logans[>ort June 27, 
18')!. He has behind him an American 
ancestry dating l>a<'k to colonial days. His 
great-grandfather, James Thornton, was a 
resident of North Carolina but moved 
across the Allegheny Mountains to High- 
land County. ()hio/alK)Ut 180.'). In 1835 
he came with his family to a farm in Cass 
County, Indiana. Judge Thornton's fore- 
fathers were all farmers, and he inherited 
from them both the physical and mental 
attainments that are ass(M*iated and in- 
herent in agricultural pursuits. His grand- 
father was William Thornton. Judge 
Thornton s parents, John Allen and Ellen 
H. (Thomas^ Thornton, were married at 
I-»ogansport, his father being a native of 
Ohio. 

Judire Thornton grew up on a farm in 
Ca.ss County, attencled district schools, the 
high school or seminary at liOgansport. and 
also the old Smithson College, a Cniver- 
salist educational institution of Ca.ss Coun- 
ty. He read law with an uncle, Henry C. 
Thornton, whose son, Henry W. Thornton, 
is now general manager of the Great East- 
ern Railway of England. Judge Thornton 
began the study of law at liOgansport in 
1874, and in October, 1875, entered the law 
department of the University of Michigan 
at Ann Arbor, where he was graduated 




1620 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



LL.B. in March, 1876. He opened his first 
oflSce at Logansport, but in November, 1880, 
came to Indianapolis as deputy attorney 
general under Daniel P. Baldwin. He 
served under Mr. Baldwin and Francis 
T. Hord until January 1, 1883, when he 
resumed private practice at Crawfords- 
ville. While there he served two years as 
city attorney, and was at Crawfordsville 
until August 1, 1889. On September 1 of 
that year he was appointed librarian of 
the State Supreme Court. In February, 
1893, he resumed private practice at In- 
dianapolis, and continued to handle the 
diverse litigation entrusted to him until 
he became judge of the Superior Court of 
Marion County November 20, 1914. 

At one time it was claimed for Judge 
Thornton that he had written more ar- 
ticles for legal periotlicals than any other 
one man in America or England except- 
ing only two. These articles appeared 
chiefly in the Central Law Journal, Al- 
bany Law Journal, American Law Reg- 
ister, Green Hag, Southern Law Review 
and the American I^w Review. Outside 
the field of authorship his life ha.s been 
an extremely busy one, and at one time he 
was a lecturer in the Indiana Law School 
at Indianapolis. 

The works of authorship by which he 
is best known to the legal profession are 
noted briefly as follows. In 1887 he pub- 
lished ** Statutory Construction," a com- 
plement to the revised statutes of 1881. 
A supplement to this was publishe<l in 
1890. Still earlier, 1883, he edited the 
Universal Encyclopedia, and wrote more 
than half of its articles. This work, as is 
generally known, consists of over 1.400 
pages in two volumes and formed the basis 
for the American and English Law Ency- 
clopedia. That was followed by several 
articles whi<*h were published in the 
American and English Encyclopedia of 
I jaw. In 1S88 appeared his lK)ok ** Juries 
and Instruction/' In 1889. assfvciated with 
others, he published ** Indiana Practi<*e 
Cmie, Annotattnl. * His small volume en- 
titles! "Liwt Wills." appeared in 1890. In 
1891 his "Indiana Munifipal Law" first 
appean»<l. a s«m*<i!k1 (Mlition lM»injr issued in 
189*^. while a sixth edition of this monu- 
mental work was puhlishcil in 1914. In 
I89'i was published "Hailroad Fen<M»s and 
Private* Oossinps. " an«l in l89Ii two vol- 
umes on * Indiana Practice Fonns for (,'ivil 



Proceedings. * ' Judge Thornton did pioneer 
work when he published in 1893 '^Oifts 
and Advancements." In 1893 he prepared 
a new edition of the ** Annotated Code" 
and in 1907 a third edition. Other succes- 
sive works are: ** Decedents' Estates," 
1895; ** Revised Statutes of Indiana," 
1897; ** Indiana Township Guide," 1898; 
assisted in the production ''Building and, 
Loan Associations," 1898; **(3ovemment 
of Indiana," 1898; **Oil and Gas," 1904; 
Indiana Negligence, a two volume work, 
1908; prepared a treatise on **The Statutes 
of Congress Concerning the Liability of In- 
terstate Railroads to their Employes En- 
gaged in Interstate Commerce," 1911; and 
this reached the third edition in 1915; "In- 
toxicating Liquors," 1910; **Pure Food 
and Drugs Act," a treatise on the ** Sher- 
man Anti-Trust Statute," 1912, and a two 
volume work, ''Indiana Instruction to 
Juries," 1914. His work on ''Indiana 
Township Guide," reached its sixth edition 
in 1919. He has edited several editions of 
the school laws and numerous other pam- 
phlets and booklets on legal subjects in ad- 
dition to the formal treatises above named. 
Judge Thornton is a member of the In- 
dianapolis and Indiana State Bar Associ- 
ations, is a republican, a Royal Arch and 
a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason 
and a member of the Mystic Shrine. Jan- 
uary 25, 1882, he married Miss Mary F. 
Groves, of Logansport, who died July 22, 
1905. June 20, 1911, he married Irene F. 
Blackledge, of Indianapolis. 

Cait. David D. Neoi^ey. One of the 
by-products, as it were, of the present 
grreat world conflict is the increased esteem 
paid to the gallant old soldiers of our 
own Civil war, whose sacrifices are better 
understoocl and appreciated in the light 
of the trials and .sufferin$fs of the present 
generation. One of the oldest survivors at 
Indianapolis of that four year war in which 
the divided states were again joined in a 
complete and efficient nation is Capt. 
David D. Nrgley. who recently passed his 
eighty-fourth birthday. Captain Negley is 
the oontral figure in a family that has been 
prominent in Marion County for a full 
century even before Indianafxtlis came 
into bcinj? a city, and there are a few of 
the older Indiana families whose records 
can be more worthlv recalle<l at this time. 

It was nearly a century l>efore Captain 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1621 



Negley's birth in Marion County that his 
ancestors found a home in America. He 
is descended from Jacob Negley, a native 
of Switzerland and a zealous follower of 
the teachings of the Protestant Reformer 
Zwingli. It was largely on account of 
religrious differences that he left Switzer- 
land and went to Germany, where he mar- 
ried in 1734 a good woman whose Christian, 
name was Elizabeth. In Germany he he- 
came a teacher of the Protestant relipion, 
but in 1739, with his wife and three chil- 
dren, set sail for America. He died while 
on the voyage and was buried at sea. The 
rest of the family continued on their way 
and established a home in Bucks County. 
Pennsylvania. The three children were 
named Alexanrler, Caspar and Elizabeth. 
Alexander became the founder of a promi- 
nent family in and around Pittsburgh, to 
which locality he moved in 1778 autl took 
part in the organization of the first Ger- 
man United Evangelical Church, the first 
«»hurch organization of the city. Among 
his descendants was Gen. James S. Neglcy. 
Alexander's brother Caspar moved from 
Pennsylvania to the wilderness of Ohio and 
settled in the southern part of the state. 
From him are de8<'end^<l various families 
of the name now found in the central and 
western states. 

Peter Negley, a grandson of Caspar and 
grandfather of Captain Xegley, under the 
promptings of the pioneer spirit finally 
came from Butler County, Ohio, to Marion 
County, Indiana, and in 1819, two years 
before Indianapolis was established as a 
capital of the state, took up his home at the 
little town of Millersvillc. Ilis old log 
oabin home was still used as a dwelling 
until about 1905 and was probably the 
oldest structure in actual use for any pur- 
pose in the county. Millersvillc was a 
rather important stopping place between 
the settlements of Cpper Fall Creek and 
Ix)wer White River. In that community 
Peter Xegley was a fanner, miller and 
distiller, and altogether one of the historic 
characters of the pioneer c|MH*h of Marion 
County. 

His son George iiuirricd Elizabeth Lud- 
wic and a<M|uired and developed a s»ib- 
stantial farm along Fall Creek. He was 
one of the pioneer prea<-hers of the Meth- 
odist F!pis<»opal Church and made his in- 
fluence <H)unt for gi>o<l in l>oth the social 
and material develn[)iiient of Marion 



County. He and his wife were the parents 
of twelve children. 

One of these children was David Dun- 
can Negley, who was bom at the old home- 
stead in Lawrence Township of Marion 
County September 22, 1835. He had only 
the advantages of the primitive schools of 
his locality, and at the age of fourteen, 
when his father died, took upon himself 
heavy responsibilities in aiding his mother 
to manage the farm and provide necessi- 
ties for the youngiT children. To these 
duties he devoted himself until at the age 
of twenty-five the great war broke out be- 
tween the states. 

In the first summer of the rebellion he 
and his two brothers Peter L. and John 
W. left the home farm in charge of their 
mother and another bnjther, George W., 
and on August M, 1861, David D. Negley 
was mustered into Company H of the 
Eleventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry, com- 
manded by Col. Lew Wallace. His captain 
was Frederick Knefler, aftenn'ard General 
Knefler, and under his strict discipline 
he rose to the rank of orderly sergeant. He 
was with his eoiiimand at Fort Donelson, 
Fort Henry and Pitt.sburgh Landing or 
Shiloh. In the second day's fighting at 
Shiloh he was seriously wounded and with 
other wounded men was brought home by 
a party personally conducted by Governor 
Morton. As soon as he had recovered his 
strength he was assigne<l to duties at home 
in recruiting an<l was also made provost 
marshal. Earlv in the war he had become 
a personal friend of (Governor Morton, who 
appointed him to the duties of pn>vost 
marshal. This was an office exposing him 
to constant danger since, as is well known, 
Indiana had large numl)ers of the Tory 
element and his vigilance and determined 
course in ferreting out the Knights of 
the (Jolden Circle and snppn^ssing their 
nefarious activities made him a marked 
man and daily exposed to personal injury 
and insult. The responsibilities of such 
a position can be better afipreciated at the 
present time than at any period sinee the 
clos(» of the Civil war. Kventually Cap- 
tain Negley r4»eruite<l a new company of 
volunteers, and on .January 18. lS<i4. was 
c<mimissi(med captain of Comi)any C of 
the One Hundred anti Twenty-fourth In- 
diana Volunteer Infantry. With this or- 
ganization he went to the front and leil 
his men until at the battle of Franklin, 



1622 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Tennessee, toward the close of that year, 
he and his company were sacrificed at 
Franklin Ford in order to enable the re- 
mainder of the army to make good their 
retirement from that section of a hotly con 
tested battle irround. He was captured by 
the enemy and was soon sent to Ander- 
sonville Prison, where he endured all the 
terrible hardships of starvation fare and 
the cruelties imposed upon the unfortunate 
Union men who were kept in that notorious 
stockade. He was not exchanged until 
shortly before the closei of the war and 
was so weakened by prison life that he 
did not enter active service. 

With the close of the war Captain Neg- 
ley returned to farming and stock raising 
in Marion County and became one of the 
local leaders in that business. A number 
of years ago he retired to a home in In- 
dianapolis. He has long been one of the 
prominent and influential republicans of 
Marion County, at one time served as pres- 
ident of the board of trustees of the subur- 
ban town of Wrightwood, and is a member 
of the Masonic order and the Qrand Army 
of the Republic. 

March 10, 1864, in one of the intervals 
of his service to the state and government, 
he married Miss Margaret Ann Hildebrand. 
She was bom and reared in Marion County, 
daughter of Uriah and Delilah (O'Rourke) 
Hildebrand, early settlers in this part of 
Indiana. Her mother was a native of Ire- 
land. Captain Negley and wife became the 
parents of nine children, three of whom 
died in infancy. 

Harry Elliott Negley, one of the sons of 
Captain Negley, has attained distinctive 
prominence and success as a lawyer and 
is one of the well known public men of 
Indiana. He was l>orn on his father's 
farm in I>awren<'e Township of Marion 
County August 31. 1866, the oldest of his 
father's ohihlren. His mother died in 
1S93. Thoujrh his active life has been 
largely spent in the City of Indianapolis, 
he has always regarded it as fortunate that 
his earlv environment was a farm with all 
its wholesome atmosphere and its incentive 
to pofxl, honest toil. He attended the pub- 
lic schools, the high school at Hrightwood. 
studied law privately and in 1890 entered 
the law office of Harding & Hovey at In- 
dianapolis. He was admitteil to the bar in 
Noveml»er of the same year and opened his 
first office at Indianapolis in November, 



1894. For over twenty years Mr. Negley 
has been recognized as one of the strong 
and resourceful attorneys of Indiana, 
has conducted a general practice, and 
has become especially well known as an 
authority on real estate titles. At one time 
he was associated in practice with the late 
Judge William Irvin, former judge of the 
Criminal Court, and until 1906 he shared 
offices with Judge James A. Pritchard, who 
in the latter year was elected to the Crim- 
inal Court bench. 

Mr. Negley has been prominent in city 
affairs and in local republican politics. In 
1899 he was elected from the First Ward 
to the Common Council and was chosen 
by a greatly increased majority as his own 
successor in 1901. Throughout his term 
in the council he was the only lawyer 
member, and his colleagues naturally re- 
ferred to him nearly every question in- 
volving legal phases of municipal legisla- 
tion. During his second term he was 
elected secretary of the Marion County 
Republican Central Committee. Mr. Neg- 
ley is now one of the state senators of In- 
diana, having been elected from Marion 
County in 1916. In the session of 1917 
he was made chairman of the committees 
on prison and of soldier and sailors monu- 
ments. In the Legislature he chose the role 
of a vigilant and uncompromising oppon- 
ent of bad and ill advised legislation and 
performed a more valuable service in that 
respect than if he had exerted himself to 
introduce a number of inconse<iuential 
measures. In the Senate he had charge of 
the bill calling for a new state constitu- 
tional convention, a non-partisan mea.sure 
which passed with the vot<»s of seventeen 
republicans and seventeen democrats. Mr. 
Negley has always been a great admirer 
of Abraham Lincoln, and a special honor 
was given him when he was chosen to de- 
liver the eulogy on the great emancipator 
in the State Senate on Lincoln's birthday, 
February 12, 1917. In passing it should 
be noted that this memorial address called 
out a grateful letter of appreciation from 
Hon. Robert T. Lincoln. The address was 
wiilely published and read all over Indiana, 
and without attempting to give any idea as 
to its merits or contents the following 
sentences are interesting as indicating some 
of Mr. Negley 's individual ideals in poli- 
tics. Analyzing Mr. Lincoln's political 
character, he says: **His manhood was de- 




aciLL 



) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1623 



veloped in a period when statesmanship 
was a dignified honor and not a trade. 
When the only known method of swaying 
the minds of others was by earnest and 
honest argument and not by studied sub- 
terfuge and deception. It was only natural 
that in any community in which he might 
be found he should rise to a prominent 
place, for his every thought was for cleaner, 
bigger and better things than then sur- 
rounded him ; and the thought that they 
might be attained by the political tricks 
of the unscrupulous politician never found 
lodgment in his brain. He was astute in 
the analyzing of a political situation, but 
he met it always face to face with argu- 
ments which all could understand." Upon 
the organization of the Session of 1919 of 
the Indiana State Senate Mr. Negley was 
elected by the other members as president 
pro tempore, which position carried with 
It the floor leadership of the republican 
majority during that session. 

Mr. Negley has been quite active in 
fraternal affairs, is affiliated with Millers- 
ville Lodge No 126, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and Clifton I^odge No. 544, 
Knights of Pythias. He is a past sachem 
of the Improved Order of Red Men. 

On June 1, 1895, Mr. Negley married 
Miss Edith Lee Grandy, youngest daugh- 
ter of Rev. Ira B. and Julia (Lee) Grandy. 
Mrs. Negley was bom at Mount Carmel, 
Franklin County, Indiana, November 14, 
1869. Her father was a clerg>'man of the 
Universalist Church. Her mother was a 
descendant of the Lee family of Virginia. 
Mr. and Mrs. Negley have one child, Mar- 
garet Lee Negley, born December 29, 1902, 
who has the distinction of having an an- 
cestral line on her paternal side of one 
hundred years continuous legal residence 
in Marion Countv. 

A. A. Charles is a prominent Kokomo 
manufacturer, president of the Kokomo 
Steel and Wire Company, and a man 
whose experience in American industry 
covers more than fortv vears. He is one 
of the men properly credited with a large 
share of Kokomo 's present prosperity as a 
manufacturing and civic center. 

Mr. Charles was born in New Jersev De- 
cpml>er 3. 18r)2. son of John and Amanda 
(I»pcri Charles. He is of English an- 
cestry, and the Charh^ family has been in 
New Jcrs<'v since colonial times. His 



grandfather spent his life in that state as 
a farmer. He was a very fine type of citi- 
zen and was extremely interested in the 
Methodist Church, and that religious affil- 
iation has continued to be a characteristic 
of his descendants. Of his ten children 
John Charles was the second in age, was 
e<lucated in public schools of New Jersey, 
and for many years was connected with a 
canned goods packing house. After re- 
tiring from that business he spent twenty 
years of his life on a farm in Bridgton, 
New Jersey. He was also a devout Meth- 
odist, was a class leader and always prom- 
inent in the musical activities of his 
church. He was a demo<Tat in politics. 
John and Amanda Charles had five chil- 
dren, four sons and one daughter. The 
daughter is now deceased, but the sons are 
all living. 

A. A. Charles was educated in the public 
schools of his native state, and as a boy 
went to work to earn his living in a pack- 
ing house. For thirty years he continued 
to live in New Jersey, and on coming west 
located in Howard County, Indiana, bring- 
ing wMth him a wife and daughter. He set 
up the machinery to make tin cans for 
Jim Polk, of Greenwood, Indiana, but soon 
resume<l his business in food packing, and 
with N. S. Martz organized and promoted 
the Brookside Canning Works, under the 
firm name of Charles & March. Three 
years later G. W. Charles, a brother of 
A. A., bought the intere«t of Mr. Martz, 
and the business was continued by the 
Charles Brothers for a number of years. 
A. A. Charles also erected a large packing 
can goods factory at Warsaw, Indiana, and 
operated it for five years. Mr. Charles on 
returning to Kokomo became interested in 
the Globe Steel Range Company. Later 
he organized the Kokomo Steel & Wire 
Company, which company occupies the en- 
tire fifth floor of the Citizens Bank Build- 
ing for offices. They built the North End 
Wire Mill, a rod mill, a galvanizing mill 
and nail mill, and the company now has 
one of the largest and most complete plants 
of the kind in the United States. The 
business was started in 1895, and the first 
year the volume of sales aggregated $100.- 
000, whereas now the yearly aggregate is 
more than $8,000,000. Mr. A. A. Charles 
is pn^ident of the company, G. W. Charles 
is treasurer, and J. E. Frederick is sec- 
retarv. 



1624 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



A. A. Charles is one of the founderp of 
the Oreat American Refining Company at 
Jennings, Oklahoma, and is one of its di- 
rectors. He is also heavily interested in 
Haytian American Corporation Syndicate 
of New York, is a stockholder and director 
in Haynes Automobile Company and the 
Sedan Body Company of Union City, In- 
diana, and he has been connected with 
the Citizens National Bank and has been 
on its board of directors since its organiza- 
tion. 

Mr. Charles during his long residence 
at Kokomo has identified himself with a 
number of other business and civic enter- 
prises. He has given much of his time to 
the Methodist Church, and out of his in- 
dividual contributions one church of that 
denomination in Kokomo was largely 
built. Mr. Charles is affiliated with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
Ho married Miss Lydia Riley, of New Jer- 
sey. Their daughter, Edna, is now Mrs. 
R. Conrad, of Warsaw, Indiana. 

Dr. HrBBARD M. Smith, a well known 
physician, writer and educator, located in 
Vinoennes, Indiana, in 1847, following his 
graduation, and in Vinoennes he began the 
practice of medicine, and there he con- 
tinued its work until his death in 1907. He 
was the first physician in that city to recog- 
nize the presence of cholera in 1849. 

Doctor Smith was patriotic in the in- 
terests of his oity, state and nation, and 
outside the work of his chosen profession 
he was also a poet and author of recognized 
ability. 

Henry W. Klausmann. Considering his 
achievements and experience of more than 
a cjuarter of a century Henry W. Klaus- 
mann deserves to rank among Indiana*s 
leading oivil and oonstruotion engineers. 
Much of his servioo has been of a public 
nature, in connection with the county sur- 
veyor's offii'o and the city engineer's re- 
sponsibilities at Indianapolis, though he 
has also han<lled a larjre and extensive 
private [)raetioe. 

Mr. Klausinann was born at Centralia. 
Marion County. Illinois, S4»ptenilH»r 2. 1>^6S. 
son of Henrv and Ern«*stina (Hansslar) 
Klausfuann. Both parents were nativt*s of 
(fonnany. the father a cabinet maker by 
profe««ion. and in 1S78 they removed to 
Lidianapolis. whore llenrj* Klausmann 



died November 21, 1909. They were the 
parents of three children, the two now 
living being Henry W. and Lena, wife of 
Rudolph H. Henning of Indianapolis. 

Henry W. Klausmann received most of 
his education in the Indianapolis public 
schools, and he showed a decided inclina- 
tion for mathematics as a boy and per- 
fected his knowledge in that science largely 
by self application and by instruction 
under private tutors. He idso served an 
apprenticeship at the wood carving trade, 
that being while he was still in school, and 
study and experience have developed in 
him a high proficiency in architecture as 
well as in civil engineering. Mr. Klausmann 
has been steadily engaged in his profession 
as a civil engineer since 1891. For six 
years he served as deputy county surveyor 
of Marion county and in 1901 was ap- 
pointed county surveyor and filled that 
office bv three successive elections until 
January, 1910. At that date he was ap- 
pointed by the mayor of Indianapolis to 
the office of city engineer. After return- 
ing from this office Mr. Klausmann was 
engaged until 1918 in engineering and con- 
struction work. Among other buildings 
that attest his skill may be mentioned the 
City Trust and Occidental buildings at 
Indianapolis, the Coliseum at Evansville, 
a large addition to the French Lick Hotel 
at French Lick, and the Marion National 
Bank building at Marion. 

In January, 1918, by appointment from 
Mayor Charles W. Jewett, Mr. Klausmann 
returned to the public service as city civil 
engineer of Indianapolis. He is already 
thoroughly familiar with many of the tech- 
nical problems connected with municipal 
engineering in Indianapolis, and his pre- 
vious experience gives him the highest 
qualifications for effeotivo and valuable 
s<^rvioe to his home city. 

Mr. Klausmann is in fact one of the men 
of broad and exceptional interests and mast 
varied associations with the life and affairs 
of the capital city. lie is well known in 
musical circles, and for many years was 
musical director of the Indianapolis Mili- 
tarv Band. He has also done much or- 
chest ral work. In republican politics he 
has ser\'ed as chairman of the Republican 
City Committee of Indianapolis. He is a 
memb<*r of the Indianapolis Commercial 
(Mub. the Marion Club, the Tumverein, and 
the Indianapolis Liedorkranz. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1623 



Mr. Klausinanii has an interesting Ma- 
sonic record, his affiliation.s being with the 
Oriental Lodge No. 500, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Keystone Chapter No. 6, 
Royal Arch Masons, Raper Commandery 
No. 1 Knights Templar, Indiana Consis- 
tory of the Scottish Rite, in which he lias 
attained the thirty-second degree, and 
Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. In 
December, 1916, he was elected illustrious 
potentate of Murat Temple, and for one 
year under trying circumstances accept- 
ably and efficiently served as executive 
heiui of that organization. He is also a 
member of Indianapolis Lodge No. 56, 
Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. Klausmann married Septcmbrt* 27, 
1893, Miss Jessie Coyner, who wa.s born 
and reared in Indianapolis, daughter of 
John V. and Anna (Anderson) Coyner. 
Her grandfather, Martin M. Coyner, was 
one of the pioneer contractors of Indian- 
apolis. John V. Coyner was a civil en- 
gineer and for a number of years he and 
Mr. Klausmann were associated together 
professionally. Mr. Coyner was for six 
years county surveyor of Marion County. 
He died at Indianapolis in 1905. Of the 
two children bom to Mr. and Mrs. Klaus- 
mann the older, Catherine, died in infancy. 
The other is Berthdda E. 

M. H. C.VMDEX. During the last ten 
years some of those transactions that have 
made history- in Indianapolis real estate 
have been arranged, ne^rotiated for and 
transacted by M. II. Camden. Mr. Cam- 
den is now senior member of the firm Cam- 
den & Foster, real estate, with ofHees in the 
Hume-Mansur Huihling. 

His home has In^en in Indianapolis for 
a number of years, but bis l)oyhoo<l was 
spent in the rural districts of Decatur 
County. Indiana, where he was born Oc- 
to!>er 12. 1870, a son of James ()s4*ar an<l 
Margaret A. (Ilooten) Camden. The 
father was a native of Virjrinia. When a 
young man he was enrolled in the s<Tvii*e 
of the Confe<lerat(» army, ]>ut had no taste 
for service with the sr<M»s'sion fon*t*s, an«l 
finally deserted from the ranks and reached 
the I'nicm State of Ohio. At Jackson. 
Ohio, he rejrularly enlisted in tli«* I'nion 
army, and s^iw artive S4»rvire with an in- 
fantry' rejriment and was on the tirintr line 
most of the time until «lis.-lian:c«l. After 
leavine the military service he «ame to In- 

YoJ. IT— 5 



diana and l(K*ated in Decatur County, 
where he became a farmer. liat^r he lived 
in Shelbyville, and in 1893 came to In- 
dianapolis, where for a time he owned 
and operated a dairy. Later he sold this 
property and lived retired until his death 
on February 22. 1898. 

M. H. Camden was second in a family 
of three children. He obtained his early 
education in the public schools of Decatur 
County, and at the age of thirteen began 
earning his first money as a farm laborer 
at r><) cents a day. When he left the farm 
in 1889 he went to Newport and worked 
in a sawmill. He was also clerk in a gen- 
eral ' store at Katesville, Indiana, and 
through thesi* various experiences laid the 
foundation of knowledge and skill in men 
and affairs that has served him so well 
in later years. For a time he was work- 
ing in a furniture factory and was assist- 
ant foreman for three years. He also 
operated a general .store at Hatesville as 
assistant manager for one year, and then 
again entered the furniture business in 
Decatur County. He traveled TLj years 
representing a firm of furniture manufac- 
turers, and did much to build up the trade 
of the company over a wide territory. 

On July 4, 181>7, Mr. Camden came to 
Indianapolis and formed a partnership 
with Mr. Ralston under the tirm name of 
Ralston & (*amden, real estate. In the fall 
of VM)2 Mr. (*amden entered business for 
hims«»lf. Among the large deals which he 
has carried out mav be mentioned the sale 
of the lot on which the citv hall was built. 
He negotiated the siile of this property in 
1!H)7 for the sum of $li:),(XM). He also 
sold the old Rink property owiumI by Ster- 
ling R. Hill to Captain Hay worth for the 
sum of $1(K).()(X). A number of other trans- 
actions of similar magnitude have passed 
through his tirm. The sales of real instate 
have often r4»ached a figure upwanis of 
$20(),(MM) a vear. He also deals extensivelv 
in Chicago apartment properties and Illi- 
nois farm lands. 

Mr. Camden is a thirty.s<»eond degn^ 
Seottish Rite .Mas4)n and Shriner and a 
republican voter. November 14. 1S!>(). he 
married Miss Pearl K. Vincent, of Ripley 
County. Indiana. Her father was one of 
the prominent j)hysicians of that county. 

KsTi.K ('. Rot'TH has been a business man 
in Richmond for a h)ng period of years. 



1626 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and his expert services as a carriage maker 
he has capitalized until he is now pro- 
prietor of a flourishing business for the 
manufacture of automobile bodies at 158- 
60 Wayne Avenue. 

Mr. Routh was born in Economy, In- 
diana, September 6, 1876, son of R. W. 
and Martitia (Edwards) Routh. He is of 
Scotch ancestry. Estle attended the pub- 
lic schools of Richmond and at the age 
of fifteen went to work for L. A. Mote, a 
carriage maker, whose shop was on the 
same ground now occupied by the Routh 
establishment. He leanied the trade of 
carriage maker and blacksmith during 
four or five years of earnest apprentice- 
ship and then tried to buy out his em- 
ployer. Failing in that he started a small 
shop of his own in a room at 176 Fort 
Wayne Avenue. He was there two years, 
and during that time got the contract for 
doing all the city work, especially for the 
fire department. In 1899 he was able to 
buy out his ohl employer's stock, and for 
twenty years that has been the home of 
his growing business. In early years prac- 
tically all the facilities of his shop were 
devoted to carriage making, but in 1906 
he began specializing in the manufacture 
of automobile lM)dies. lie has designed and 
built every kind of vehicle body and he 
was designer of the New City ambulance. 
His business covers a territory forty miles 
in extent around Richmond. Mr. Routh 
has also made some judicious investments 
in liK^al real instate. 

In 1899 he married Mary K. (\)llett, 
daughter of Nicholas and Anna (Mackey) 
Collett of Richmond. They are the parents 
of two children : Frank A., born in 1900, 
and Wayne (J., l)oni in 1911. The older 
son was in the FnitcKi States Marines for 
two years, part of the time l>eing stationed 
at Ilavti and was sent to France on the 
battleship IIanc<M'k. He lost his health 
in the service and the government is now, 
in pursuance of its regular policy, giving 
him re-training for civilian career, and he 
is pursuing a cours<» in commercial ac- 
count inir at Valparaiso University. 

Mr. Ronth is a republican in politics and 
is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias. 

I'lJiic Z. Wn.KV. Fortv-five vears of 
(HHitinuous meml>ership and activity at the 
Indiana bar have brought I'lric Z. Wiley 
some of the most substantial honors and 



achievements of his profession. For many 
years he practiced in Benton County, and 
was first elected judge of the Circuit Court 
while living at Fowler. The service which 
makes him most widely known among In- 
diana lawyers was his twelve years work 
on the Appellate Court Bench. Judge 
Wiley since retiring from practice haa been 
a resident of Indianapolis. 

He was born in Jefferson County, In- 
diana, Novemi)er 14, 1847, youngest of 
the five children of Preston P. and Lucin- 
da Weir (Maxwell) Wiley. The WUey 
family came to Indiana when the country 
was a territory, more than a century ago. 
His grandfather, Joseph Wiley, on leaving 
Pennsylvania first settled in Brown 
County, Ohio, where he developed a farm, 
and in 1811 pioneered to Jefferson County, 
Indiana, and was one of the first to de- 
velop the agricultural lines around Kent, 
where he lived until his death. Preston P. 
Wiley was born in Brown County, Ohio, 
November 25, 1809, and was two years old 
when the family came to Indiana. He 
spent about fifty years of his life on a 
farm in Jefferson County, and died there 
Augu.st 21, 1895. For several years after 
his marriage he taught school in winter 
terms, and spent the summers at farming. 
His early education was very limited, but 
after his marriage he set himself to dili- 
gent study and not only mastered the com- 
mon English branches but became a thor- 
ough Greek scholar. He eagerly read every 
lK)ok he could secure in a time when cir- 
culating libraries were almost unknown* 
Along with fanning he became a preacher 
of the Gospel, and continued that work 
for about fifty years. He also assisted his 
children as far as possible to secure good 
e<l neat ions. In politics he was an early 
whig, a strong alwlitionist and anti-slavery 
man, and afterwards an e<iually ardent re- 
publican. He was the first man in Jeffer- 
son County, Indiana, to respond to the 
call for troops in the Civil war, but was 
too old to be accepted for field service, 
though he rendered the Union his hearty 
support in every other way. He was a 
meiiil)er of the Home Guards in Siouthem 
Indiana, and was called out during the 
Morgan raid. 

Judge Wiley and a brother are the only 
surviving members of his father's family. 
During his youth he was privilege<l to at- 
tend school only three months each year, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1627 



but al the age of nineteen entered Hanover 
College at Hwover, Indiana, and gradu- 
ated with the class of 1867. At that time 
the degrees A. B. and A. M. were con- 
ferred upon him and subsequently he was 
honored with the degree LL. D. Teaching 
furnished part of the funds by which he 
educated himself. He also had charge of 
his father 8 farm for one year while his 
parents were vi.siting a daughter in Cali- 
fornia. Judge Wiley began the study of 
Jaw with William Wallace, son of Ex- 
Oovernor Wallace and a brother of Gen. 
Lew W-allace. He was a student in Wal- 
lace's office at Indianapolis two years, and 
then entered the law department of old 
Northwestern College, now Butler Uni- 
versity, from which he received his degree 
in May. 1873. In October, 1874, Judge 
W^iley located at Fowler, where his abilities 
brought him all the practice he could 
handle in a few years. In March, 1875, 
he was appointed county attorney, serv- 
ing two years, and in 1882 was elected to 
the Lower House of the State Ix^gislature. 
In 1892 he was appointed judge of the 
Thirtieth Judicial Circuit, composed of 
Benton, Jasper and Newton counties, t.> 
fill a vacancy. Later he was noniinateil 
and elected and served from 1892 to Oc- 
tober, 1896. On the latter date he re- 
signed from the Circuit Bench to be<*ome 
a candidate for judge of the Appellate 
Court of the Fifth District, and was eleetetl 
and was a member of that tribunal for 
three terms of four years each. 

Judge W^iley is a thirty-second dearrec 
Scottish Rit4» Mason. He has long been 
prominent in Odd Fellowship and was 
grand ma.ster in 1891-92 and four terms 
was grand representative to the Sovereipi 
Lo<lge of the World. He is also a Knight 
of Pythias, and is an active republican. 
Judge Wiley is an elder of the Chri>ticn 
Church and has filled that office for two 
years, and for eight years has taught the 
Bu.siness Men's Bible Class. 

May 6. 1874. he marrietl Miss Mary A. 
Cole, of Indianapolis. They are the 
parents of four children: Carl C.. Nellie 
E.. Maxwell H. and Clri** Weir. 

Wiu.iAM H. WisHARD, M. D. Aiiiong 
the men who made the history of medicine 
in Indiana doubtless none o<*eupie<l a 
hijrher place consequent upon his services 
and in the esteem of his fellow practi- 



tioners than the late William H. Wishard 
The quality and value of his service waa 
not less remarkable than the sustained 
power which enabled him to continue his 
work longer than the average length of 
human existence. 

While il is not possible in so brief a 
sketch as this to estimate from the pro- 
fessional point of view the extent and na- 
ture of his services to the profession, it 
is permitted to quote what his old personal 
and professional friend, Dr. Nathan S. 
Davis, the fountler of the American Medi- 
cal Society, said of him some years ago: 
**I)r. William II. Wishard of Indianapolis 
is one of the oldest, most intelligent, use- 
ful and patriotic general practitioners of 
medicine in that state. Rendered strong 
and self reliant by abundance of physical 
labor in his youth, with educational ad- 
vantages limited to the public or district 
.schools of his neighborhood, he is in the 
best sense of the word a self-made man. 
Though contributing but little to the pages 
of medical literature, he has for sixty- 
three years efficiently sustained the regular 
medical organizations, Wh state and na- 
tional, and as surgeon in a volunteer regi- 
ment from Indiana during the Civil war, 
especially during the siege of Vick.sburg, 
his services were more than ordinarily effi- 
cient and valuable in the removal and care 
of the sick and wounde<l soldiers, manv of 
whom had to be removed to Northern hos- 
pitals. He is one of the pioneers whose 
integrity, industry and efficiency have 
been his prominent characteri.stics in every 
pasition he has been called upon to oc- 
cupy." 

As a family the Wishards have given 
more than one prominent character to 
American life and affairs. Outside of 
their services the distinguishing character- 
istic is longevity. Old age with them is 
apparently a natural prerogative. Dr. 
William H. Wishard was born Januar>' 
17, 1816, and died when near the century 
mark, on Decemlier 9, 1913. His brother. 
Rev. Samuel E. Wishard, D. D., who made 
a distinguished record as a Presbyterian 
minister and scholar, reached the age of 
ninety. Doctor W^ishard's father die^i at 
eijfhty-six. and one of his uncles lived to 
be ninety, and an aunt to the age of ninety- 
five years and seven davs. 

The paternal errand father of Doctor 
Wishard was William Wishard, a native of 



1628 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



St. Andrews, Scotland, who emigrated to 
County Tyrone, Ireland, and was of 
Scotch Covenanter stock. William Wish- 
ard came to America in 1774, locating in 
Delaware, later going to Pennsylvania, 
where he joined the American , forces in 
the war of the Revolution. He fought at 
the battles of Brandywine and Oerman- 
town and later saw service on the Western 
frontier of Pennsylvania. At the close of 
the Revolution he moved into South- 
western Pennsylvania, locating at Red- 
stone Fort, now Brownsville, and in 1794 
penetrated still further into the Western 
wilderness to Nicholas County, Kentucky. 
He spent his last years there on his farm, 
and died from apoplexy at advanced age. 
He was the father of tifteen children. 

Col. John Wishard, father of Doctor 
Wishard, was a native of Pennsylvania, 
but was taken to Kentucky at the age of 
two years, and grew up in that then far 
western district. Farming was his steady 
vocation throughout his active years. In 
1825 he followed the wave of migration 
close up to the limits of the newly estab- 
lished city of Indianapolis, and located 
about ten miles away, near Glenn's Valley, 
on the edge of Johnson County, where his 
labors reclaimed a heavily timl)ered tract 
of land. He was member of a company of 
riflemen in the Black Hawk war, and later 
was a colonel in the Fifty-Ninth Indiana 
Militia. He died at Greenwood, Indiana, 
Septeml)er 8, 1878. John Wi.shard married 
Agnes H. Oliver, who died in August, 
1849, in her fifty-eighth year. Her parents 
were John and Martha (Henderson) Oli- 
ver, her father of English descent, a na- 
tive of Virginia and a settler in Kentucky 
as early as 1782. He was a friend and 
companion of Daniel Boone. John Oliver 
assist e<l in building the bloi*khouse at Lex- 
ington, in which his oldest child was born. 

Of such sturdy ancestry, William Hciiry 
Wishard was Inirn at the home of his 
parents in .Nicholas County, Kentucky, 
January 17. 1816, and was alxjut ten yenH 
old when the family moved to Central In- 
diana. With only the opportunities of a 
log cabin school house he managed by self 
application to acquire much more than the 
ordinary education of a yonth of that time 
and gained much of it in the intervals of 
hanl lalwir on his father's farm. He lie- 
gan reading medicine in the winter of 
1837:W under Dr. Benjamin S. Noble. He 



afterwards took a course of lectures in the 
Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati, and 
received his Doctor of Medicine degree 
from the old Indiana Medical College at 
LaPorte, Indiana. He did post-graduate 
work in the Ohio Medical College and be- 
gan practice in Johnson County April 22, 
1840. 

For many years he carried on the ardu- 
ous and self-sacrificing labors of the coun- 
try practitioner, riding far and wide over 
the country in Johnson and adjoining 
counties. Altogether his work as a prac- 
ticing physician covered a period of sixty- 
six years, not ending until January, ISOiS. 

Early in the Civil war he became a 
volunteer surgeon in the Fifty-Ninth In- 
diana Infantry and later with the Eighty- 
Third Indiana Regiment. The words of 
Doctor Davis above quoted indicate one 
splendid service which he rendered during 
the war. It should be noted here that it 
was as a direct result of his investigations, 
reports and vigorous presentation of the 
condition of the sick and wounded soldiers 
on Southern battlefields that the govern- 
ment after much delay on the part of 
bureau and cabinet officials was moved, by 
the direct order of President Lincoln him- 
self, to bring about the general removal 
of the sick and wounded from the South 
to the more healthful environment of the 
Northern states. His services in this par- 
ticular were especially directed to the re- 
moval of the wounded after the siege of 
Vicksburg, into which city he marched 
with General Grant's army the morning 
of July 4, 1863. He was the first surgeon 
to make a trip with a riVer steamboat in 
carrying out the order issued by President 
Lincoln for the transportation to the North 
of the sick and wounded. Many prominent 
army men, including Gen. Lew Wallace, 
repeatedly stated that the entire credit for 
this service, which brought untold relief 
to the suffering, was due to Doctor Wish- 
ard. All the time and services Doctor 
Wishard gave to his country- during the 
war. a period of over 2i j years, were given 
withcmt any compensation except for his 
personal expenses. 

In the spring of 1864 Doctor Wishard 
left his fonner residence at Glenn's Val- 
ley on the old homestead, which he had 
liought from his father, and removed to 
Southport, Marion Tounty. He practiced 
there until the fall of 1876, when he was 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1629 



elected county coroner and removed to In- 
dianapolis. There his work went on un- 
til after celebrating his ninetieth birthday 
he formally retired from practice. His 
remarkable vitality, both in mind and 
IkkIv, has an interesting proof in what 
wa.s written c»oncerning him in 1908: ** To- 
day I>octor Wishard occupies a unique 
position in the medical and social life of 
Indianapolis. He has frequently been 
(*alled a walking historii*al encyclopedia. 
His remarkable memory enables him to re- 
call quickly and perfectly events and dates, 
even the days of the week upon which they 
occurred. This marked characteristic has 
not lessened his interest in current events, 
as is often the case with elderly persons, 
but he manifests an interest in religious, 
professional and political questions of the 
<lav ec|nal to that of a man in the prime 
of'life.'' 

Doctor Wishard was long a prominent 
figure in Indiana medical organizations. 
He was the last sur\*ivor of the first Medi- 
cal Convention of 1849 and therefore a 
charter member of the Indiana State Medi- 
cal Society, was its president at the time 
of its fortieth anniversary and at the fif- 
tieth anniversary gave the address of wel- 
come, which included a histor>' of the so- 
ciety. Doctor Kemper's Medical History 
of Indiana quotes Doctor Wishard 's 
papers on the early history of the medical 
profession of the state. He also wrote an 
interesting account of his experiences as 
an army surgeon. He was a charter mem- 
ber of the Marion County Medical So- 
ciety, was its president in 1905, and on 
his eighty-ninth birthday, the day his serv- 
ices ended, the mcml>ers of the society pre- 
aented him with a parchment testimonial, 
appropriately (ledicate<l and inscribed. 
For manv vears he was active in the mem- 
bership of the Ameriran Medical Asso<»ia- 
tion. Doctor Wishard became a repub- 
lican upon the organization of the party 
and was one of its ohlest and most constant 
voters. He was a Presbyterian, and reli- 
irion was always a large factor in his life. 
Except in emergencies, he did not allow his 
professional work to interfere with his 
church and religious duties. For over 
sixty years he was a ruling elder in the 
church an«l server! as commissioner in six 
meetings of the Cteneral Assembly, the last 
time at Winona Lake in May. 1905, just 
fifty-nine years from the time he first rep- 



resented the Indianapolis Presbytery in 
that capacity. He was for many years a 
member and for fifteen years surgeon of 
George H. Chapman Post No. 209, Grand 
Army of the Republic. Doctor Wishard 
lived well into the twentieth century, and 
the remarkable era of invention and im- 
provement covered by his career is well 
indicated in the fact that he was a paa- 
senger on the first through train which' 
came from Madison to Indianapolis. He 
often told the fact that on his return 
trip he sat beside Rev. Henry Ward 
Bee<*her, who on that day left the Second 
Presbyterian Church of Indianapolis to 
take the pastorate of Plymouth Church at 
Brooklyn. 

On December 17, 1840, the same year 
that he began the practice of medicine, 
Doctor Wishard married Miss Harriet N. 
Moreland. She was to him the ideal wife 
and companion both in the early days of 
struggle and the later years of prosperity 
and honor, and their companionship was 
prolonged for more than sixty-one years. 
Mrs. Wishard died April 28, 1902. She 
was the youngest daughter of Rev. John 
R. and Rachel (McGohon) Moreland. Her 
father was an early Presbyterian minister 
in Indiana and at one time the pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Indian- 
apolis. Doctor and Mrs. Wishard were the 
parents of nine children. The first four 
died in infancy or early childhood. Those 
to grow up were: William N. ; Albert W., 
who became a prominent Indianapolis law- 
yer; George W., a Minneapolis business 
man ; Harriet J., who married Dr. John 
G. Wishard; and Elizabeth M. 

Wuj.iAM X. Wishard. M. D. Putting 
the services of father and son together, 
the name Wishard ha.s been continuously 
prominent in Indiana medical Vircles for 
over three quarters of a centurj-, the ac- 
tivities of the two being a large measure 
contemporaneous. Dr. William X. Wish- 
ard began practice over forty years ago, 
and while his father was one of the most 
useful of the old time general practitioners, 
his own work has been largely as a special- 
ist. 

He was born at his father's home in 
Greenwood, Johnson County, October 10, 
18.il, and at the age of nine his parents 
removed to Olenn's Valley, Marion Coun- 
ty. As a boy he attended local public 



1630 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



schools, spent one year in a private school 
at Tecumseh, Michigan, and finished a high 
school course at Southport, Indiana. From 
there he entered Wabash College at Craw- 
fordsville, but was unable to complete his 
literary course on account of ill health. 
In view of his subsequent attainments that 
college conferred upon him the well meri- 
ted degree of Master of Arts in 1891. In 
1871 he entered the Indiana Medical Col- 
lege of Indianapolis, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1874, and for a brief time he 
was with his father in practice at South- 
port and during 1875-76 continued his 
medical education in the Miami Medical 
College at Cincinnati, which also awarded 
him the degree Doctor of Medicine in 
1876. Since that year his home and ac- 
tivities have been centered at Indianapolis. 

Among other distinctions connected with 
his service Doctor Wishard ha.s long l>cen 
known as the ''father'' of the Indianapolis 
City Hospital, of which for 7i.j years he 
was superintendent. He not only super- 
vised the techni(|ue and efficiency of the 
hospital, hut had much to do with the con- 
struction of the buildings and the equip- 
ment. As an auxiliary to the hospital he 
brought about the founding of the Indian- 
apolis Training School for Nurses, the first 
institution of its kind in Indiana and the 
second in the entire west. After retiring 
from the superintendency in 1887 Doctor 
Wishard continued for many years a mem- 
ber of the consulting staff of surgeons. 
While hospital superintendent he was also 
lecturer on clinical medicine in the Medi- 
cal College of Indiana. Do<»tor Wi.shard 
has also ser\'ed on the consulting staff of 
the St. Vincent Hospital, the Protestant 
Deaconess Hospital, the Methodist Epis- 
copal Hospital, the Bobbs Dispensary, and 
the Indianapolis City Dispensary. 

After leaving the management of the 
hospital he spent a perio<l of post-graduate 
study in New York City, and since then 
has speeializcil almost entirely in genito- 
urinary and venereal tliseases. On return- 
ing to Indianapolis he was ele(*te<i pro- 
fessor of the chair of those diseases in the 
Medical College of Indiana. Do<*tor Wish- 
ard has also spent much time abniad, and 
has improvcil his own te<'hnique by exten- 
sive associations with the most eminent 
8pe<*ialists in his field in the world. For 
upwanls of thirty years he has been one 
of Indiana's foremost specialists in this 



field, and patients have come to him from 
all over the state and Outside the state. 
He is credited with having performed the 
first, or one of the very first operations 
on record for removal of the lateral lobes 
of the prostate gland through a perineal 
opening. He also invented an instrument 
for use of the galvanic cautery on the 
prostate gland through perineal opening. 

Besides his individual work and promi- 
nence as an authority, Doctor Wishard, 
like his father, has rendered an invaluable 
service to the medical profession in general 
and especially through its organizations. 
It was largely under his leadership that 
the three schools of medicine, the Medical 
College of Indiana, the Central College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Indianapolis, 
and the Fort Wayne ^ledical College were 
merged into one complete and adequate 
school. For a number of years he served 
as chairman of the committee on medical 
legislation for the Indiana State Medical 
Society. In that capacity he wrote the 
larger part of the Indiana law governing 
the practice of medicine as passed by the 
Legislature in 1897. He is an honored 
meml)er of the Marion County Medical So- 
ciety, the Indiana State Medical Society, 
which he served as president in 1898, the 
American Medical Association, the Ameri- 
can Association of Genito-Urinary Sur- 
geons, the American Urological Associa- 
tion and the ^lississippi Valley Medical 
Association, having served as president of 
the last two associations. As president of 
these organizations he showed unusual 
ability as an executive officer. His work 
in this connection brought forth the fol- 
lowing admiring comment: ''Considerate 
of the opinions of others, courteous to 
those who hold views different from his 
own, forceful and clear in argrument, calm 
in judgment, energetic and persevering in 
whatever he undertakes, his marked char- 
acteristics of leadership have gained for 
him a notable record in the profession of 
medicine. In medical legislation, college 
and hospital management, his counsel and 
advice are sought, and to their advance- 
ment he has given his time at the sacrifice 
of his own personal interest. Selfishness 
has no part in his nature." 

A concise sun'ey of his influence and 
work in the medical profession was made 
some years ago by Doctor Brayton, editor 
of the Indiana Medical Journal, in these 




Q>. ^)S 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1631 



words: **Dr. W. N. Wishard has practiced 
medicine continuously in Indianapolis for 
over thirty years. He was deputy coroner 
of Marion County two years, and for over 
Reven years superintendent of the City 
Hospital, changing it from a rude barrack 
into a modern hospital with a full-fledged 
training s(*hool for nurses, making it a 
model for all the hospitals since estab- 
lished in IndianaiH)]is. For twenty years 
Doctor Wishard has confined his medical 
work to genito-urinary surgery, and stands 
in the front rank in the (country in this 
department of surgery. He has been a 
leader in Indianapolis in establishing the 
Metlical Kcgistrati<m and Kxaiiiination 
Board, and the Indiana State Health 
lioard. of which he was president. Doitor 
"Wishard has also been a leader in medical 
etlucation as well as in medical legisla- 
tion. He belongs to the middle group of 
Indiana physicians — those who were in 
touch with the great physieans and sur- 
geons of the Civil war iM»rio<l, and who 
have also taken an active part in the medi- 
cal and surgical reiiaissiiiic(» which is the 
chief glory and benetieenee of mo<lern bio- 
logical researeh. In all of DcM-tor Wish- 
ard 's relations, in m(Mli<-al. sanitary and 
civic life, he has been a wis<» antl conserva- 
tive counsellor, but whenever the (X'casion 
required an aggressive and successful ac- 
tor, serving as conditions dcnumded. either 
as the watchman at the bow or the helms- 
man at the wheel. He is now only in the 
height of his me<lieal and eivie usefulness 
and has a large fund of anpiired knowl- 
e<lge an<l experienri* upon which he draws 
readily in suriri<'al and ireneral dis<'ussions 
and le<»tures/' 

D<M»tor Wishard is a republi<'an voter 
and an aetive memlMr of the First Pres- 
byterian Cliurrh of Indianapolis, in whirh 
he holds the jiositjdii of 4'l«ler and has 
servrd as (MMnniissioinT to tIm- <i«*n«'ral As- 
seinblv of the rbunli. .Mav 20. l^SO. be 
marrit'd Miss .Mict* .M. W«M>llf»n. dauehter 
of WilliaMi Wrslrv Wonll-n and Sarah 
^Vonntr Woollm. nf Indi.mapojis. Mrs. 
Wishard di»*d I>«'ri'in]HT M. !****<>. .lunr 17, 
]>W, h»* married Miss Frame's ('. S.*oville, 
who was r»'ar«'il aihl fiiM'aT«'ii at Kvans- 
villt'. IiidiaTNi. 'i.iiii.''hT. r of ('}tarb»s K. and 
Frarp*t»s How*'') S.nvilli*. l)iM*tMr an«l 
Mrs Wisliaril i.a'l t'\«* •liihlrt'ii. thre«» 
d\ inir in iiif;iiH\ . tI.»* ..tIi»t two briniT 
Willi.iiii Ni!t'^. Jr.. .md < harli's Si*ovilb\ 



Hon. Emmet H. Scott. While the 
greater part of half a century a resident of 
I^aPorte, Emmet H. Scott by his interests, 
his work and experience is a man of broad 
affairs upon whom the enviable title of big 
American business man might well be l)e- 
stowed. How fitting this description is 
can best be told by reciting the larger ex- 
f)eriences and achievements of his active 
carecT. 

He was born in Mroome County, New 
York, in 1S42, son of Wiley II. and Aseneth 
(IiO<kc) Scott. His father was boni on 
the Fnadilla River in Otsego County, New 
York, aiui was an earlv settler in the town 
of Ninev<»h on the Sns(|uchanna, where he 
owned and operated a hotel for twenty- 
seven years and <*arried on a large farm 
of more than four hundred acres. His 
death occurred in 1S72. His wife was a 
native of New York and of Revolutionary 
ancestrv. Several members of the Jjoeke 
family ha<l already joined the patriotic 
army as sobliers un<ler Washington when, 
the colonists being sorely oppressed and 
in great need of others to enlist, a younger 
memlM»r of the Lm'ke family was singled 
out for immediatt* urgent duty, and in 
order to get him n*ady in time the women 
of the househobl sheared a sheep, cardetl 
and spun the wool, and made a pair of 
trousers for him all within twenty-four 
hours. 

There is probably some significance in 
the fact that the earlv life of Emmet H. 
Srott was spent on his father's farm. 
This environment gavr him a sturdy dis- 
rij>line in ad<litioii to th«* advantag<*s he 
had in the common siduwils of his native 
villaire and in the Hlakesl«»v School, a select 
school Ht Harpersville. two mib*s away. At 
the age of twenty he taught school for one 
winter \u Tioga Tonnty. New York. In 
February. ISfi.'i. he went to work in the 
.joint express oflfi<»e of the Adams and 
Ameri<*an Expn'ss Companies at Centralia, 
Illinois. That was in the midst of the 
Civil war. Vicksburg was in a state of 
sieirt* and the oidy railroid outlet and inlet 
to the Mississippi Valley was ov«t the 
siuL'^lt* track of the Illinois Central Rail- 
road. When Mr. Sciitt went into the of- 
fice m Februarv be was the second clerk 
tn l»e employed. The expn»ss busint*ss in- 
creased so tHMueiidouslv that when he left 
in October the same yt»ar. on account of 
p<M>r health, there were twenty-seven 



1632 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



clerks employed in the same office to take 
care of the business. 

The following winter he spent recuperat- 
ing on the home farm in New York. In 
1864 he was employed by George S. Marsh, 
a railroad contractor building the Albany 
and Susquehanna Railroad between Cen- 
tral Bridge and Cobleskill, New York, and 
between Oneanta and Unadilla, New York. 
This work was completed in the latter part 
of 1866. 

A college or university is supposed to 
give a young man preparedness for the 
serious responsibilities of life. Mr. Scott 
never went to college, but he found in these 
early experiences just noted the kind of 
preparation he needed for his future 
career. In February, 1867, he arrived at 
LaPorte, Indiana, to become superintendent 
of the Chicago, Cincinnati & Louisville 
Railroad Company. That company owned 
the womout track between LaPorte and 
Plymouth, and was incorporated to build 
between Plymouth and Peru to connect 
with the Peru & Indianapolis Railroad. 
During: 1867-68 the road between LaPorte 
and Plymouth was rebuilt, including the 
filling in of several miles of trestles over 
the Kankakee marshes. Between Ply- 
mouth and Peru the road was finished and 
opened July 1, 1869. During 1867 Elisha 
C. Litchfield was president of the C, C. & 
L. Railroad, and Mr. Scott became well 
acquainted with him. Mr. Litchfield had 
two large sawmills and a large salt works 
upon the Saginaw River in Michigan. 
Having observed closely the young rail- 
road superintendent and taken measure of 
his abilities, Mr. Litchfield engaged Mr. 
Scott to go to Saginaw and take charge of 
the Litchfield properties and operate them. 
Mr. Scott accordingly resigned from the 
railroad company in October, 1869, and 
went to Saginaw. The following year he 
returned to LaPorte and married Miss 
Mary R. Niles. Mrs. Scott was born on 
the same block of ground on which the 
Scott residence now stands in LaPorte. 
She is a sister of Mr. William Niles, a dis- 
tinguished citizen of northern Indiana 
whose life career is sketched on other pages. 
Mr. and Mrs. Scott have two living chil- 
dren, Emmet Scott and Fanny. The 
daughter was married to Dr. E. A. Rumely 
in 1909. 

During 1872-73 Mr. Litchfield was en- 
gaged in trj'ing to build the New York, 



Rondout & Oswego Railroad. Railroad 
building at that time was exceedingly ex- 
pensive. Steel rails cost more than $100 
a ton and iron rails eighty-five to ninety 
per ton. Moreover there was a dearth of 
capital. When bonds were issued they gen- 
erally bore 7% and if sold to English in- 
vestors they had to be disposed of at much 
less than par value. Besides the mills and 
salt works on the Saginaw, Mr. Litchfield 
had 43,000 acres of timberland on the Flint, 
Cass, Bad and Tittabawassee rivers in 
Michigan. When the Jay Cook panic 
came in September, 1873, and gold went to 
280, Mr. Litchfield was sick. His liabili- 
ties for railroad building were so large 
that early in November followng he was 
adjudged a bankrupt. He died within 
twenty days after the adjudication. There 
was much difficulty in the appointment of 
a receiver, as the railroad creditors were 
firm creditors, and others were individual 
creditors. The latter claimed that the in- 
dividual creditors were first entitled to 
the share of his individual estate and if 
there was any surplus it should be paid 
over to the assignees of the bankrupt rail- 
road firm. The individual creditors won 
out and the court held that the individual 
estate should be disposed of to pay the 
individual creditors. 

Jesse Oakley of New York was appointed 
the assignee, and he employed Mr. Scott 
to take charge of the estate in Michigan 
and to manage it, this employment being 
approved by the court. Within a few 
months after the assignee was appointed 
a suit in chancery was brought, covering 
the larger part of the property in the State 
of Michigan on the theory that the Litch- 
field title was only that of mortgage secur- 
ity. This prevented the disposal of any 
real estate covered bv the chancerv suit 
until the claims of the petitioners had 
been heard and decided in the courts. 

About 15,000 acres of the lands in Tus- 
cola and Saginaw counties not included 
in the suit were valuable for farming pur- 
poses, and Mr. Scott disposed of a great 
quantity of those lands. One of the saw 
mills and salt works were taken over by 
the holders of a mortgage and the other 
saw mill, opposite Bay City, was leased 
by Mr. Scott from year to year while this 
suit was in progress. In the meantime, in 
the fall of 1876, Mr. Scott returned with 
his family to LaPorte. He had bought 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1633 



an intoreat in the LaPorte Wheel Com- 
pany, whieh was l>eing manug^ed and eon- 
trolled hy his brother-in-law, Mr. William 
Niles. They acquired all the stock of the 
i*onipany, and business was then carried on 
by the 'firm of Niles and Scott until 1881, 
when they orpranized a corporation known 
as the Niles & Scott Company, of which 
Mr. Scott was vice president and preneral 
manafrer. lie and Mr. Niles remained in 
active control until January, 1002, when 
thev sold their entire interests. Their 
manafrement ha<l been so successful and 
8o honorable that the finn title was con- 
sidered a valuable asset in itself, and there- 
fore the business has since been ronductrd 
as the Niles & Scott Company. It has been 
one of the chief industries in making La- 
Porte a preat manufacturiuj? center. 

At the same time Mr. Srott retainiMl bis 
authority and control of the Litrblicld es- 
tate in Michijran and made frequent vtsits 
to Saginaw. In 1880 tbe lonj? pcndinc: 
ehaneerv suit was settled bv Mr. Seott be- 
fore it came to trial by the payment of 
♦17,000. The creditors wt»re then called 
together and Mr. Seott was authorized by 
them to cut the logs, drive them down the 
rivers and have them sawed and sell the 
lumber. After three or four camps were 
established another set of litigants ap- 
peared and sought an injunction to prevent 
the cutting of the timber. This injunc- 
tion was denieil by the Federal Court. The 
following summer, when tbe logs began 
to come out. notices were filed with tbe 
Boom companies so that bonds had to be 
given to the companies for the value of 
all the logs dcliv«*rcd. After several mil- 
lion feet was sawed and bad been sold by 
ilr. Seott and wh(Mi the lumber came to 
be shipped the same parties rcj)b»viiie<l. In 
three years they brought over thirty suits 
of vari<>us kin<ls, ancl Mr. Scott was th»» 
acling, vital dcfrndant in carh of them. 
He was almost continuoiislv harassed. 
Finallv he filrd a pl«*narv bill in th** namo 
of the assignee, niakinjr vnrh of these t«Mi 
or twelve parties who had Ihtii briniring 
Kuils as defendant. An iujiinctinn was 
granted and issued iimindiately upon tbe 
filing of th»* bill. Tbe court aNo nnlcn-d 
that all th«» claims sbonld be ctmsnrhlated 
BJid derided in one action. Testininnv was 
taken and submitted within a vcar and the 
venlict made for the plaintitT. One of the 
principal defendants took an appeal t(» tbe 



Supreme Court of the United States, but 
before the time elapsi'd for perfecting the 
appeal he settled with Mr. Scott and paid 
$22.0(H) and all the costs of this principal 
suit and dismissed all the twenty-nine 
smaller suits and paid costs. Thus after 
trials and difficulticH that might furnish 
material ft)r an interesting business ro- 
mance Mr. Scott found his hands free to 
finish the lumb<»ring of the property. lie 
realized very large net sums for the bene- 
fit of the (Tcditors, aiul in 1886 the estate 
was wouikI up an<l elose<l. The Litchfiehl 
iTeditors got eighty-four cents on the dol- 
lar, more than any bankrupt estate had 
pai<l in the City of New York up to that 
time. All this was largely due to Mr. 
Scott 's efforts. 

During these years Mr. Seott had l)een 
ae<|uiring timlx^r lands in Michigan of 
his (»wn. In 1894 he organized at LaPorte 
the Lac La Helle Company and bought 
1()0,(KM) aeres of timber lands in Alger and 
two adjoining counties. The purchase was 
made from the North of Kngland Trustee 
Debenture & Assets Corporation. Oppo- 
site (irand Island on the south shore of 
Lake Superior in Alger C<Mnity is a most 
bcautifid bay, furnishing a great and nat- 
ural harbor of refuge for all the vessels 
sailing on liake Sup<Tior. Mr. Scott con- 
eeived the idea that the location on the 
Hay woidd be unrivaled for the buihling 
of a town and the establishment of a great 
lumber manufaeturinp center. lie bought 
nearly 500 aercs on the shore, organized a 
railroad eompany whieh built a line thirty- 
seven miles long frc»m Miniising out to 
Little Lake on the Chi<*a«:o & Northwest- 
ern Railroad. The town site was conveyed 
to the railroad comi>any, and in a short 
time a tannery, stave and lutnber mill ainl 
other industrial enterj>rises were built. 
Largely due to this development Alg«*r 
County during the deeade from 1S90 to 
IJMM) had the larjr(»st growth in popidation 
in its history. 

Something sboidd now be said about Mr. 
Scott's connection with his first railroad 
enterprise in Indiana. The Chicago, Cinein- 
nati & Louisville Railroad (Vmipany was 
leased to the Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago 
Railroad Company for a lonjr term of years. 
It was operated l»y tbe last company, but 
alM.ut l^M* tbe latter eompany leased the 
line from Micbikran City to Peru and to 
ln(lianai>olis to the Wabash Railroad Com- 



1634 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



pany. In 1884 the Wabash Company hav- 
ing failed was placed in the hands of a re- 
ceiver. The trustees of the mortgage bonds 
got an order of the court compelling the 
receivers of the Wabash Company to turn 
over the lines of the railroad between 
Michigan City and Indianapolis to the two 
trustees, one of whom was Gen. Wager 
Swayne and the other Col. George T. M. 
Davis of New York, according to the con- 
ditions in the mortgages. These two trus- 
tees deputized Mr. Scott to take charge 
and operate the line of railroad between 
Michigan City and Indianapolis. Thus for 
several years he had a new responsibility. 
During 1885-86 the mortgages were fore- 
closed and the ral roads were hid off bv 
purchasing committees representing each 
of the two companies. These purchasing 
cominitt<H»s sold the line outright to the 
Ijake Krie and Western Railroad Company, 
and Mr. Seott turned over the lines and 
took a rei'eipt from Mr. Bradbury, the gen- 
eral manager, in April, 1887. 

In 1886 Mr. Seott l)ecame interested in 
th(» mining of coal in Greene and Sullivan 
counties, Indiana. lie Inmght 884 acres, 
composing all of seven adjoining fann.s. 
for the most part on the westerly side of 
the Dugger and Neal Coal Company's mine. 
He then organized the Superior Coal Com- 
pany, of which he owned all the stock ex- 
cept a few shares owned by the officers of 
the Island Coal Company. This latter com- 
pany was opciratinf^ extensively at and 
near Linton. After building some miners' 
houses and getting a shaft sunk Mr. Scott 
was so harassi»d by the conduct of the coal 
uiiners that he concluded it was best for 
him to consolidate with the Island Coal 
Company. When this was done the Island 
Coal Company spread out and operated 
coal mines over a large territory'. In 1903 
the Island Companv sold this property to 
the Vandal ia Coal Company for more than 
$250 per acre. 

Much of this interesting business experi- 
ence is hardly known even to Mr. Scott's 
clos<» friends. A large number of people 
know him chiefly for his extensive opera- 
tions in the development and reclamation 
of agricultural lands in Northern Indiana. 
Mrs. Scott, his wife, had some 2.200 acres 
of land becjueathed to her by her father in 
1879. One farm on the Tippecanoe river 
was upland, but about 1,900 acres in four 
different tracts were swamp land, being 



located in the Mud Creek region of Fulton 
County. Mr. Scott sold 500 acres of the 
swamp lands for $15 per acre, but he sub- 
divided the remaining 1,400 acres into five 
farms, erected barns and houses and other 
buildings, spent many thousands of dollars 
in open drains and tile drains, and after- 
ward sold the lands, some as high as $70 
an acre. 

In 1884 he bought 1,387 acres of marsh 
land for himself in the same county. This 
he subdivided into four farms, and again 
undertook extensive drainage work and im- 
provement. Today these four farms are 
worth much more than $100 an acre. On 
the four farms he has laid more than a 
hundred miles of tile drains, has caused 
four miles of big dredge ditches to be dug, 
and the example and work of this one in- 
dividual owner has been a great factor of 
benefit to the improvement of swamp lands 
and all lands generally in Pulton County. 
Since selling his interest in the wheel 
factory in 1902 Mr. Scott has given most 
of his time to looking after his farms. He 
was a pioneer in the modern reclamation 
work in Northern Indiana. That work re- 
quired courage and foresight as well as a 
large amount of capital. The entire region 
where his operations have been centered 
is now under cultivation, and is no longer 
known as a marsh, but as a prairie. 

Onlv a broader outline of the career of 
Mr. Scott can be attempted here, since that 
broader outline constitutes real history. 
Mr. Scott has been a history maker in both 
Indiana and Michigan, and the public has 
an interest in what he has done. He is a 
keen and forceful American business man, 
and through it all has pervaded a public 
spirit that in manv ways has inurod to the 
progress and development of his home city 
of LaPorte. Mr. Scott was for f\ye years 
mavor of LaPorte, serving from May, 1889, 
to Sopteml>er. 1894. Of larger con.structive 
ent«»rprises credited to his administration 
should be mentioned the improvement of 
the channels }>etween Lily, Stone and Pine 
lakes, for the purpose of furnishing the 
city a permanent water supply. The first 
brick pavement in LaPorte is also attrib- 
uted to his administration. In politics Mr. 
Si'ott is a democrat. 

Dr. TuFxipnn.T's Parvtx was bom Janu- 
ary' 9, 1829, at Buenos Aires, South 
America, where his parents were residing as 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1635 



missionaries. After receiving his medical 
degree from the University of Pennsylvania 
he located in Indianapolis as a medical 
practitioner in 1853, and except for the 
year he resided in Cincinnati made Indian- 
apolis his home until the fall of 1883, when 
he removed to Philadelphia. To Doctor 
Parvin lK»longs the honor of being the first 
physieian of Indiana to write a medical 
text book, **Seienee and Art of Olwtetries,'' 
and he was also honored with the presi- 
dency of the Indiana State Metliral Soeietv 
in 1862. 

Doctor Parvin excelled as a leetiirer and 
teacher. His death oeeurred in Philadel- 
phia January 29, 1898. 

E.\RL E. Stafford is owner and head of 
**The House of Ideas/' as he calls the Staf- 
ford Enprravinp: Company of Indianapolis. 
Mr. Stafford has heen himstOf a house of 
ideas ever since he started his career, and 
it was his ambition to do thinp> in the 
engraving and illustrative field iinich bet- 
ter and along new lines that led him into 
founding a business which now has a his- 
tory of a quarter of a century. 

Mr. Stafford belongs to one of the old 
and honored families of Hastern Indiana, 
being a de8<*endant of some of the Quakers 
who have l)een most conspicuous in the 
development of Wayne and Henry coun- 
ties. 

His gran<lfather. Dr. Daniel H. StatTord. 
was bom in Wayne C(»uiity. Indiana. Aug- 
ust 30, 1818, son of Samu(»l and Nancv 
(Hastings) Stafford, and a jrrandson of 
Daniel antl Abigail Stafford, who came 
from North Carolina and scttle<l in Wavne 
County, Indiana, in 1S12. Nancy Hast- 
ings was a daughter of William an<i Sarah 
(Evans) Hastings. William Hastings was 
a native of New .Icrs^'v but went sinith 
to Western North ("Hrolina. ami in 1H)7 
moved to Wayne Countv. Indiana, where 
he was a school t4'acher in the first colony 
that st^ttlcd in Ka.stern In«liaiui. Dr. 
Daniel H. StatT<»rd was only »*ix months 
old when bis mother died. In \^'2'2 bis 
father moved to Ilenrv Conntv and thir- 
te^Mi vears later to Ilaniilton Coiintv. His 
father was a nunist»'r of the S<x'ietv of 
Friends. Dm-tnr Statf«»r«l s«*rve<i ati ap- 
prentiieship nf fnur ye.jrs at the ear|>i'n- 
ter's tratle. and uliilc WMrkintr at the trade 
in H4'nrv CnMiitv studied iiw^lirine. In 
lMi{ he !»♦ tran pr.nti't'. afid \Nbile tin* Civil 



war was in progress he took post-graduate 
work in the Physio-Medical Institute at 
Cincinnati. For a number of years he 
devoted much of his time to agriculture, 
but eventually found his time fully oc- 
cupied by his profession. He married in 
1838 Sarah G. Stretch, whose parents set- 
tled in Wayne County in 1823. 

Dr. James A. Stafford, father of Earl 
E., was oldest of the nine children of his 
parents. He was born in Henry County 
September 28, Wiii. He was educated in 
the common sch(H>ls and in Earlham Col- 
lege at Richmond, was a teacher for sev- 
eral t(*rms, and in 1864 began reading 
nuMlicine with his father. In 1867 he 
graduated from the Physif>-Medieal Insti- 
tute at Cincinnati, and during sueceeiling 
years built up a large pra<*tice at Millville. 
He also owned a large farm there and was 
es{)ecially successful in l>ee culture. He 
was also a nuTchant at Millville. He con- 
tinued the practice of his professi(m at 
Millville until 1!>07, when he nu)ved to 
Newcastl(\ and there established a home 
hospital, which he has successfully eon- 
ducted ever since. Though now in his 
eightieth year, he has the vigor of many 
men years yoiuij^er, and spemls part of his 
time on his large farm near Millville. He 
is a faithful memU»r of the Friends 
Church, has Ikmmi active in medical so- 
ci(»ties, and is a repu})lican in politics. For 
a long perio<l of years he has given his 
advoca<*y to prohibition. In ls60 he mar- 
ried Miss Martha Payne, who die<i in 1866, 
leaving two sons, Horace ami Charles. In 
1S6S he nmrried Elizabeth C. Worl, damrh- 
ter of John Worl, oni* of the 4'arlv settlers 
of H(»nrv Countv. 

Karl E. Stafford, oidy ehild of his 
father's MM'oml marriage, was born in 
Henry County, Indiana. December 2r>, 
ISTO. He attend<»d the publii* sch<K>ls of 
Millville and as an amateur had made con- 
siderable progr<*ss in the printing art be- 
fore he was thirteen vears old. In 1S87 
he t»ntered Purdue Cniversity, and after 
leaving I'ollege he went t«) work at Indian- 
apolis in t\w advertising department of the 
Sun. He left the Sun in 1H91 to engage 
in the advertising business for himself, and 
for a time comlucted an advertising trade 
paper. Then, in March, \H\):\, he ortfanized 
the Stafford Enjrravinir Company, and has 
built a busint*ss which is umloubte<llv one 
of the foremost exponents of arti.stie en- 



1636 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



graving in the Middle West. It is now a 
large organization, with a great plant and 
equipment and with a staff of expert men 
in all lines of commercial art and engrav- 
ing. This is the only engraving establish- 
ment in Indiana making process color 
plates. Mr. Stafford has devoted consid- 
erable time to agriculture and owns a farm 
of 139 acres in the suburbs of Indianapolis, 
which is devoted to the growing of small 
grains and live stock. 

Mr. Stafford is a republican and has been 
quite active in his party. October 20, 
1897, at Indianapolis, he married Miss 
Laura Coulon. They are the parents of 
two children, Robert E, and Dorothy Staf- 
ford. 

Hon. Richard Lowe, representative from 
Montgomery County in the Sta*e Legisla- 
ture is widely known in many parts of the 
state besides his home county, and his rec- 
ord from young manhood to the present 
time has been marked by great eflBciency 
and ability in every undertaking. 

He was born April 6, 1860, in the Vil- 
lage of Newton, Richland Township, Foun- 
tain County, Indiana. When he was six 
years of age he remove<l to Tippecanoe 
County, where he grew to manhood on a 
farm. He gaineil a higher education 
largely by his earnings as a farm laborer 
and as a teacher. He attended the North- 
western Normal Tniversity of Indiana at 
Valparaiso and also the Normal University 
of Lebanon, Ohio. For ten years he taught 
school, his work in that profession being 
in the states of Ohio, Kentucky and In- 
diana. Mr. I»we in 1889 was appointed 
a special agent for the Tnited States Pen- 
sion Bureau. It was in that work that 
his experience and abilities brought out his 
finest ser\ice. His duties took him to 
many parts of the Tnited States, and he 
was more and more appointed to difficult 
eases n»quiring the services of an expert 
examiner. He held his office until 1910, 
and from that year until 1915 was dili- 
gently fnjrapMl as a fanner and stock 
raiser in TippcH»anoe County. On retiring 
from his farm Mr. I»we lo<*ated at Craw- 
fonlsville. and has since condu<*te<l a pen- 
sion office with branch offices at Indianap- 
olis and Lafayette. He has successfully 
prc>secut4Ml and adjustetl many important 
claims for old soldiers and their repre- 
sentatives. During our war with the Cen- 



tral Powers of Europe Mr. Lowe as an 
attorney assisted gratuitously hundreds of 
soldiers and their heirs with their claims 
for allotment, compensation and insurance, 
and is yet engaged in this field of active 
usefulness. 

He was elected to represent Montgomery 
County in the legislature November 5, 
1918, on the republican ticket, and as a 
member of the Seventy-First General As- 
sembly of Indiana achieved the reputation 
of being a hard working, painstaking legis- 
lator. He is affiliated with the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and has 
always been a student and lover of books 
and has a large private library in his com- 
fortable home at 209 East Pike Street in 
Crawfordsville. 

July 30, 1885. Mr. Lowe married Miss 
Oelesse Louella Jeffery, a native of Ohio. 
She died September 16, 1903, mother of 
one son. Sylvan Russell Lowe, born August 
14, 1886, and now a resident of Rochester, 
New York. October 19, 1905, Mr. Lowe 
married for his present wife Mrs. Olive 
Riggs, a native of Putnam County, In- 
diana. 

• 

John Guvsscott. The Glasseott family 
has had an active part in the history of 
Michigan City for many years. It was 
founded here by the late John Glasseott, 
and two of his sons continue the prestige 
of the name in business and civic affairs. 

John Glasseott was born in New Ross, 
County Wexford, Ireland, in 1838, son of 
Thomas and Anastasia (Cullerton) Glass- 
eott, who were lifelong residents of County 
Wexford. Four of their sons, Thomas, 
James, John and Nicholas, came to Amer- 
ica, also two daughters, Margaret Glasseott 
of (^hicago and Eliza Glasseott Howard of 
Detroit. Michigan, while two sons, William 
and Rol)ert, remained in Ireland. 

John Glass<*ott left the home of his 
parents when only nine years of age, and 
came to America on a sailing vessel, being 
five weeks on the ocean. landing at New 
York, he went on west to Chicago, where he 
joined an uncle named John Redmond. 
He was employed in various lines until he 
reachetl manhood and then moved to Mich- 
igan City and learnetl the trade of brass 
moulder in the car sliops. After a short 
time he entered the service of the Michigan 
Central Railway Company, and continue^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1637 



that employment until late in life, when he 
resigned and engaged in the coal business. 
He died in March, 1917, and left a good 
name in the community. He married 
Mary Olvaney, who was born in Deiiance, 
Ohio. Her father, John Olvaney, was a 
native of Dublin, Ireland, and he and his 
brother Patrick were the only members of 
the family to come to America. John Ol- 
vaney was a young man when he reached 
this country, and in New York he met and 
married Mary Frazier. They started west 
with a team and wagon, and having limited 
means they had to stop at different times 
along the road to earn sufficient money to 
keep them in supplies, and thus by stages 
they continued westward until they ar- 
rived in Michigan City, then a small town. 
John Olvaney died there a few years later, 
leaving his widow and several small chil- 
dren. One son, named John, ser\'ed four 
years in the Union army during the Civil 
war. About a year after the war he met 
his death by drowning in the lake while 
attempting to save the life of another. .Mr. 
and Mrs. Glasscott had four children, Alex- 
ander, who died at the age of seven years, 
John, Thomas and Matie, the latter the 
wife of Rudolph Krueger. 

Thomas Olasseott attended tiie parochial 
schools and public* schools of Michigan 
City, and after finishing his education t<M)k 
up clerical work. For the past six years 
he has dis(*harged the resiM)nsibilitics of 
savings teller in the Citizens Bank. lie is 
a member of St. Mary's Church, as were 
his parents, and is affiliated with Council 
No. 837 of the Knights of Columbus, and 
with the Chaml>er of Commerce. 

His brother, John J. (ilass(M)tt, was also 
l)orn in Michigan City, was educated in the 
parochial schools, and as a young man 
entered the retail coal business. After sev- 
eral years he broadened his entcrj>rise to 
include real estate and insurance and also 
the wh<»lesale coal trade, and he is now 
at the head of a larir** and succ<*ssfuJ 
enterprise. In ism he married Kvan- 
geline McOory, a native <»f Michiiran City 
and a daughter of John an<l Catherine Me- 
Crorv. Thev havi» four children: Kulalia, 
I>orenzo A., Robert an*! Kvan«relin«*. Kul- 
alia is a teacher of •lonHNlic scIcikm' in tlu' 
Michifran (*ity srh<M»Is and l.«>renz«> ^»^radn- 
atecl from tin' law department of N«»tre 
Dame CniviTNity at th«' aire of twenty- 
one. The faniilv are ineinhei*s <»f St. 
Marv's Church ainl J«»hn <Jhivs«M>tt is atlil- 



iated with Michigan City, Council No. 837, 
Knights of Columbus, and is a meml)er of 
the Chaml)er of Commerce. 

Eugene C. I>^lmetsch. This is one of 
the honored names in wholesale circles at 
Indianapolis, and also suggests the career 
of a man who coming to America compara- 
tively poor and unknown has carved his 
destiny as a substantial citizen of Indiana 
and has a record which his own children 
and every other citizen may read with in- 
spiration and encouragement. 

He was born in \Vuerteml)erg, Germany, 
September 11, 1855, <me of the nine chil- 
dren of Christian and Maria (Haueisen) 
Dolmetsch. The first fourteen years of 
his life were spent in Germany. He at- 
tended the common schools, and before 
beginning the second period of a German 
youth, that of a practical apprenticeship at 
some trade, he accompanied an uncle, Wil- 
liam Haueisen, to the Cnited States. They 
came direct to Indianapolis, where Mr. 
Dolmetsch arrived with a very imperfect 
knowledge of the English language or 
American customs. It was his purpose to 
make this country his future home and to 
win .success if perseverance and indu.stry 
would acc(»mplish that end. For several 
years he attended night school in Indian- 
apolis, and therein perfected his knowl- 
e<lge of the lan^uajre and gained other 
(|ualitications for worthy and usi»ful citi- 
zenship. 

It was nearly fifty years ago that Mr. 
Dolmetsch came to Indianapolis, ami in 
all thiKse years his interest and employ- 
ment have been practically along one line. 
His first experience was as clerk in the 
wholesale and retail toy establishment of 
Charh»s Mayer & Couipany. He remained 
with that firm, giving tlu» best that was in 
him of faithful service and hard work, for 
a period of thirty -four years. In 1902 
the original firm retired and was succeeded 
by five of the older employes. Kugen4* C. 
Dolmetsch, John (i. Ohleyer, Herman II. 
Sielken. Otto Keller and (Jeorge Hofman. 
ThcM* five men organized and incorporated 
the K. C. Dolmetsch Company. Sinc4» that 
time Mr. Dolmetsch has been the active 
president of the corporation. The 
specialty nf the roMipany is wholesalini? 
drniririsfs sundries, toys ami fanev jroods. 
It is a larire and important firm, and one 
that has added not a little to the jJH'stitfe 
of Indianapolis as a wholesale center. 



1638 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Besides his business affairs Mr. Dol- 
metsch has always entered fully into the 
responsibilities of American citizenship. 
He is independent in politics, is a member 
of the Lutheran Church and is identified 
with the Knights of P>'thias. Many times 
his name has appeared in connection with 
some movements which have brought im- 
portant institutions into the life of In- 
dianapolis. Since America entered into 
war with Germany his patriotism has been 
signally demonstrated, and he was one of 
the proud American fathers who welcomed 
the fact that his youngest son, Walter K., 
volunteered as a soldier in the National 
Army. His only other son, Eugene C. 
Dolmetsch, Jr.. is actively associated with 
him in business. 

May 26, 1886, Mr. Dolmetsch married 
Miss Ida Kevers. She was born in Ohio of 
German parentage. 

« 

Cl-\ra Margaret Sweitzer. Of Indiana 
women who have chosen independent voca- 
tions in spheres and fields outside the rou- 
tine of woman's labors, Clara Margaret 
Sweitzer of Richmond has the distinction 
of success and professional attainments as 
an optometrist. She has a large and pros- 
perous clientage and business in the West- 
cott Hotel Building. 

She was liom at Shakopee, Minnesota, 
daughter of Nicholas and Christine (Hoe- 
ing) Sweitzer, both of whom were l)orn in 
Bavaria, Gennany. Miss Sweitzer was 
etiucated in parochial schools and also in 
the Notre Dame Convent. After some 
business experience in different lines she 
entere<l the Rwhester School of Opto- 
metr>\ graduated,, and in 1905 located at 
Richmond, opening an office and consulting 
rooms at 927>j Main Street. She soon 
had a growing business and on December 
16, 1918, opened a newly api>ointed office 
in the Westcott Hotel. Hers is one of 
the largest business of its kind in Wayne 
County. She carries a complete stwk of 
optical gfXMls and has all the facilities for 
perfe<*t adjustm<*nt and fitting for indivi- 
dual use. Much of her business comes 
from outsiflc towns, and no small sliare of 
it from outside the state. 

Mis8 Sweitzer is a member of the State 
and National AsKO<»iations of Optometrists. 
She has l>een actively engaged in state as- 
sociation work and has served on various 
commit t(*es for several vears. She has also 



represented the state as a delegate in na- 
tional conventions. She believes in suf- 
frage for women but is rather averse to 
ofiSce holding for the sex. She is a mem- 
ber of St. Mary's Catholic Church and is 
an independent in politics. 

John J. Harrington, Jr., is an execu- 
tive of one of the old established business 
concerns of Richmond, the John J. Har- 
rington Wholesale Accessories, Saddlery 
and other supplies house. 

He was bom at Richmond in September, 
1882, a son of John J. and Anna (Ross) 
Harrington. As a boy he attended paro- 
chial schools, also the Garfield School, and 
was an honor graduate from the Richmond 
High School in 1900. In September of 
that year he entered Notre Dame Univer- 
sity, and took the two years' course leading 
to the degree Master of Accounts in one 
year, graduating in 1901. He at once re- 
turned to Richmond and entered his 
father *s business, and has been given in- 
creasing responsibilities in that concern 
with passing years. 

In 1907 he married Henrietta Luken, 
daughter of A. G. Luken, a pioneer drug- 
gist of Richmond. Mr. and Mrs. Har- 
rington have four children. Mr. Harring- 
ton is a republican and was elected un- 
animously Grand Knight of the Knights 
of Columbus, and had charge of all their 
war work drives in Richmond. He is a 
member of the Commercial Club, the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
is a member of the National Association of 
Wholesale Saddlery Dealers, and a mem- 
ber of St. Mary's Church. 

Capt. Silas E. Taylor, who was a cap- 
tain of engineers in the Civil war, earning 
promotion from the ranks to a captaincy, 
has lM*en a resident of LaPorte for over 
half a centurv, and for manv vears was 
head of one of the largest printing concerns 
of that city. He learned the printing trade 
when a boy and followed it steadily with 
the except icm of the Civil war period until 
he retired f|uite recently. 

Captain Taylor was bom at Bath in 
Steul>en County, New York, July 16, 1837. 
His great-grandfather, Nathan Taylor, wa$ 
a native of Connecticut and served in the 
war of the Revolution. After that war he 
be<»ame a pioneer settler in Washington 
County. New York. John Taylor, g^nd- 





G) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1639 



father of Captain Taylor, was born in 
Wa-shington County, New York, learned 
the trade of millwright, and estahlishetl 
one of the early homes in Steuben County, 
traveling from Washington to Steuben 
County with wagon and team. He boutrht 
a tract of timlier land at .'^l an acre, sup- 
plieil his family and home with the nrressi- 
ties of lifr by working at his trade, and 
also superinten<led the management of the 
farm, where he lived until his tleath, when 
upwards of ninety years of ag(*. He mar- 
ried Miss Baker. 

Daniel I>aeon Taylor, father of Captain 
Taylor, was born at Fort Ann in Washing- 
ton County, New York, in 1805. He aNn 
learned the trade of millwright, and fol- 
lowed it all his active career in New York 
State. He iimrried Dorcas Cothrell, a lift - 
long resident of New York State. 

(*aptain Taylor is the only surviving 
child of the seven born to his parents. At 
the age of fourteen, having ha<l some for- 
mal instruction in the sehools of that time, 
he began learning the printer *s trade in 
the office of the SteulnMi Courit»r. He 
worked at this ()e(*upation stradily until 
1860, when he w<*nt west t(» Port Clinton, 
Ohio, and established a newspaper. He 
did not long remain eonneeted with that 
enterprise, owing tn the fa<'t that the Civil 
war broke out and h»' responded tn the 
call for his serviees by returning to New 
York State and enlisting in the Fiftieth 
Regiment of Srw York Kngineers. The 
first year he servetl as a private, then for 
one <lay as first sergeant, lat<*r as si'cond 
lieutenant, was promoted to first lie\iteyant, 
and finally as captain eomnuin<led the 
companv and in inanv wavs distiniruisht'd 
himself by the t'littTprisr ami intrepidity of 
his orirani/ation dnrinL' several of the im- 
portant ejim|»aitrns nf thi* war. Tin- war 
over, hi* r»'turned tn Ni-w V«»rk and r«'>nini'd 
employnieiiT in a print intr «itVnT at Ilorncll. 

Captain 'ra\l«»r i-.mw u* Lal*nrt»' in. l^^tJT 
for tlir pnrpnsf ut" a«-«'t'jitiM|^ a position in 
th«* ot^irr cf the Lar<»rtr H.rald. .\t tliat 
timr tilt' priin-ipal 'iiarhin*- t'oi* priiitiiiL' in 
thf otVi«-«' was a liand pr»'>s. With th«' 
growth «•!' tl|.- «-it\ tin* fa'iliti»"> nf th*- ot^iiM* 
weri- in«-»fasi'd. and t^r !n.in\ \»Mr*. Captain 
Ta\l«»r ua*. i'«iiin»'«-»rd \\i*^ mh** i.f Mi** larir- 
•'N? priii^inLT ••*»t.d»l'N|.niiMi*'' in .\'irt^)«»rn 
Ili'iian.i riiiN jM.tiij,.,! \ .jUn publi'^hfd for 
soiHi .\''.ir> *l!»- L.iPnr-*' lb raid, ami at mn* 
time < apt.iin T.iN |..r "\\i(»d .i ii.ilt" inten*>^ 



in that publication. lie became president 
of the printing company and held that 
office until he retired February 4, 1916. 

Dr. jAMt>{ F. HniR.vRO is one of the noted 
and well remembered Indiana physicians 
who have been called to the life In^yond. 
He was long prominent in the medical soi*ie- 
titN of the state, and as early as 1862 was 
eh*ete<l president of the State Mtnlical So- 
ciety, aiul in 1891 J was chosen pri»sidcnt of 
the Am<»riean Medieal Association. His 
eontributions to the former were numerous 
and valuable. Indiana claims Doctor Ilib- 
bard among the eminent men who graced 
her intMlieal profession. His home was at 
Richmond. 

WujJAM M. Fkrrke. The Ferree fam- 
ily has been in Indiana since pioneer times 
and are well known in several different 
(•(mnti4*s of the state. William M. Ferree 
has Ixen in the luml)er business for the 
great<T part of his active career, and is 
now a partner in one of the large retail 
lumln^r establishments of Indianaimlis. 

The first member of the Ferree family 
in America was a Huguenot who came 
from France for the purpose of seeking 
freedom of r4'ligious worship. Through 
the influence of William Penn he re<»eivcd 
a land grant in what is now Lancaster 

Count v. Peiinsvlvania. The familv thus 

• • • 

establish4'd b»M*ann» nninerous. prtMluced 
manv estimaMt> men and women, and one 
bran«h of it subs«M|\h'ntly moved to Vir- 
•linia. From X'irginia in the early part of 
tht» last c«'ntnrv the Fcrre«»s «'ame to Hush 
Ct)Unt\. linliana. where Oliver S. Ferree. 
father of tin lndiana{H)lis merchant and 
son of William, who was the son of .John, 
was born April !». \>'M}. Oliver Ferree 
when a Ihiv was thn»wn from a horse and 
was a «ripplc all tin* rest of his life. De- 
spite this handi«'ap he dev<doped sterliniT 
business inialiti<*s and for nmnv vears wan 
<»ne of the prosperous merchants at Somer- 
set in Waba.sh County. He spent his later 
\ears <»n his old farm in that countv. In 
the davs when Indiana still furnislH'd a 
lartre »|Uantity of the finest of hard wo<h1 
timlwr he built a home which was finishe<l 
throUirhout with walnut, a timber now al- 
moNt f»riceless and as valuable as ma- 
hoL'anv. This fine oM home was imlv re- 
ccnth ilestroved bv tire. Oliv«»r F4*rree 
was a«tive in the .Methodist Kpis4'opal 



1640 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Church, served as a church official, and in 
politics was a republican. His first wife 
was Mary L. Miles, who was born at 
Marion, Grant County, Indiana. She died 
in 1878, the mother of two sons, Francis 
M., and William M., the former a farmer 
occupying the old homestead in Wabash 
County. Oliver Ferree married for his 
second wife Annie White, who now lives at 
Tbomtown, Indiana. 

William M. Ferree was bom on Wash- 
ington's birthday, February 22, 1870, at 
Somerset in Wabash County, Indiana. In 
that locality he spent the years preceding 
manhood, and finished his education in the 
Somerset High School. His energies were 
employed on the home farm until the age 
of twenty, at which date he removed to 
Elwood, and there gained his first experi- 
ence in the lumber trade. For eleven vears 
he was connected with the Elwood Planing 
Mill, most of the time as yard foreman. 
From Elwood he removed to Indianapolis, 
and entered the service of the Kies Lum- 
ber Company. The Kies lumber plant is 
now operated by the Brannum & Keeneler 
Lunil)er Company, situated on East Wash- 
ington Street. Mr. Ferree was connected 
with these two organizations for ten years 
and for two years was with the Fayette 
Lunil)er Company at Connersville. Sell- 
ing his interests there he returned to In- 
dianapolis and in 1914 organized the Fer- 
ree-Case Lumber Company, of which he is 
mMTetar>' and treasurer. This company 
conducts a general lumber supply business 
at State Street and the Big Four Railway 
tracks, and thev also have a business con- 
ne<»tion with the Case Lumber Ccmipany of 
Kushville. Indiana. 

SepteinU^r 15, 1892, Mr. Ferree married 
Miss Jeanette A. Seward, daughter of Jack 
and Margaret Seward. Six children have 
l>een Inini to their marriage. Two of them. 
Dale Oliver and Mary, are deceaseil. the 
fonner at the age of three and the latter 
at eight yearn. John H.. the oldest <*hil(l. 
s4Miior at Butler College. Indianapolis, is 
now in the uniform of a soldii^r. meini>er 
of the ThrtH* Hundnsi and Twenty- 
Seventh Field .Vrtillery, American Ex- 
peditionary Forces ill France. The <nn 
I*aul is a student in the Te<'hni«*al High 
School of Indiana|x>Iis. The two younger 
children are ElizaU»th an<i Jeanetti*. 

Mr. Ferree is af¥)liate<1 with the liOilcri*, 
Royal Arch Chapter and Council 4»f Ma- 



sonry, with the A. A. Scottish Rite, thirty- 
second degree, with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Improved Order of Red 
Men and the S^Iodem Woodmen. Politir 
cally he casts his vote as a democrat. 

Charles A. Korblt, Sb., was one of the 
very able members of the Indiana bar dur- 
ing the last third of the nineteenth century. 
He was never prominent in polities and 
his reputation rests most soundly upon the 
work he did as a lawyer, and as such his 
reputation was not confined to any one 
county of the state. The honored name 
he made as a lawyer has been sustained by 
the splendid abilities of his two sons, 
Charles A., Jr., and Bernard, both promi- 
nent members of the Indianapolis bar. In 
public affairs the member of the family 
Icnown is Charles A. Korbly, Jr., former 
congressman from Indiana. 

Charles A. Korbly, Sr., was born at 
Ix)uisville, Kentucky, January 16, 1842. 
His father, Charles Korbly, was a native of 
Bavaria but married in France. From 
there he came to the United States and 
lived at Louisville, Kentucky, for some 
years. He was a man of adventurous dis- 
position and in 1849 with others started 
overland for California. The last word 
received from him was at St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, and whether he lost his life on the 
way or after reaching California has never 
been known. His widow then took her 
family to Ripley County, Indiana, where 
Charles A. Korbly, Sr., was reared. He re- 
ceived some education at home, also taught 
school during his youth, and began the 
study of medicine, but turned from the 
preparation for that prof4»ssion to the law. 
The man who directed and inspired most 
of his researches in the law was Wiliiam 
Henrv Ilarrinfirton, then a prominent law- 
ver of Madison and later at Indianai>olis. 

Charles A. Korbly became a partner 
with Mr. Harrington and for nearly thirty 
vears practi<*iHl law in JetTerscm Count v 

• I • 

and surrounding counties. In 1895 he 
r«*moved to Indianapoli.s. where he formed 
a partnership with Alonzo (Jreen Smith, a 
former attorney general of Indiana. This 
partnership rontinued until the death of 
Mr. Korblv. 

Ah a lawver Mr. Korblv was known not 
as a brilliant advorate nor for his forensic 
ability, but rather for his deep and thor- 
ough knowUnlge of the law and its appli- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1641 



cation. He would not take a case unless 
it had merit. When once employed his 
clients could rest assured that their in- 
terests were sacred and that he would be 
indefatigable in conserving them. This 
was the basis of the reputation which be- 
came widespread over Indiana. He was 
in every sense a safe counsellor, and well 
deserved the high position he gained at the 
bar. Thouflrh an ardent democrat in polit- 
ical belief he never showed an inclina- 
tion for official honors. Alwut his only 
official work was several years as United 
States commissioner. lie served in the 
Tnion army during the Civil war until in- 
jured. He was a member of the Catholic 
Church. 

Charles A. Korbly, Sr., died June l^i, 
1900. He married Mary B. Bright, who sur- 
vived him. Her father. Michael G. Bright, 
was a native of New York State and of Re- 
volutionarv American stock. For many 
years he was a successful lawyer at Madi- 
son and finally came to Indianapolis, where 
he continued in practice for a number of 
years. Charles A Korbly, Sr., and wife 
had five children. The three still living 
are Charles A., Jr. ; Mary B., Mrs. John G. 
McNutt ; and Bernard. 

Charles A. Korbly, Jr., was born at Madi- 
son, Indiana, March 24, 1871, and he wa.s 
educated in the paroi'hial schools of that 
city, attended St. Joseph's College in Illi- 
nois for two terms and studied law under 
his father. He was admitted to the bar in 
1892, and in 1895 came to Indianapolis and 
became <H>nnected with his father's tinn. 
Smith & Korbly. After the death of his 
father in 19(K) he practiccnl with Alonzo 
Green Smith and with his brother Bernard 
until 1902. Since then he has praetieed 
alone. Mr. Korhlv has a iiuinlH»r of busi- 
ness interests at Indianapolis, and in the 
spring of 1908 he was noininat^'d on the 
denio<Tati«' ti<ket for eonprevsnian from the 
Seventh l)istri<-t. He was eltN'ted on that 
ticket airaiiist a larire normal re[>ubli('an 
majority aini was one of the lea<ling mem- 
bers of the Imliana «leIejration in the House 
of Hepnsentativi's durincr the Sixty-first, 
Sixtv-siM-nnd aiMJ Sixty-third (M«igresses. 
from l!l<)!» to rn:>. 

Mr. Korbly is a reeojrni/eil student of 
|H>liti«*«N ami atTairs and a nuinKer of years 
akTo i»rt'i»ar»Mi snine arti<*U»s on «'\irr«*ney 
and liankiiiL' for tlie hulianapolis News. 
Thes«» artjrlfN \\t»re widely eopietl, and 



bad much to do with molding opinion and 
educating the public on these great issues. 
Mr. Korbly is a member of the Indiana 
State Historical Society, the Hoosier His- 
torical Society at Madison, the Indian- 
apolis Board of Trade and Commercial 
Club, the Indiana Bar Association, and is 
a member of the Catholic Church. June 
10, 1902, he married Isabel Stephens Pal- 
mer, daughter of Edward and Elizabeth 
(Stephens) Palmer and granddaughter of 
Hon. Nathan B. Palmer, speaker of the 
Indiana House of Representatives in 1832 
and later was trea.surer of the state. Mrs. 
Korbly is of a family containing Revolu- 
tionary ancestors. 

Bernard Korbly has had a highly suc- 
cessful career as an Indianapolis lawyer. 
He was born at Madison June 29, 1875, and 
was educated in the schools of that city 
and at St. Joseph's College at Teutopolis, 
Illinois. He read law with the firm of 
Smith & Korbly at Indianapolis and since 
1896 has been one of the leading members 
of the bar. Mr. Korbly has also been prom- 
inent in democratic politics and was dem- 
o<Tatic state chairman of Indiana from 
the spring of 1912 until January, 1918. He 
is a member of a number of clubs and or- 
ganizations. He married Margaret E. 
Crim. 

Joseph Doty Oliver. Were it not that 
invention, expansion and accomplishment 
have market! so many lines of industry in 
these modern days all over the world, still 
greater attention than ever would have 
been given to the amazing growth and un- 
paralleled success of one of Indiana *s larg- 
est industries, which the name of Oliver has 
been identified .since its birth. In the long 
years of national peace, as well as in world 
war times, the Oliver Chilled Plow has been 
recognized a.s a neces.sary adjunct to agri- 
cidtural prmluction. South liend has al- 
ways been the home of this manufacturing 
plant, which now covers seventy-five aeres, 
and South Bend is the home of Joseph 
l>otv Oliver, who is president of the Oliver 
Chiiled Plow Works. 

Joseph Doty Oliver was born at Mi.sh- 
awaka. Saint Joseph County, Indiana, 
Aujrust 2. IH.'iO. His parents were James 
and Susan ( Doty i Oliver. James Oliver 
wjis }>orn in Hoxbiiryshire. Scotland, and 
died at South Bend. Indiana. March 2, 
1!MIS, surviving his wife six years, her 



Vol. IV — « 



1642 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



death occurring September 13, 1902. The 
Olivers came to Indiana in 1836 and settled 
at Mishawaka in Saint Joseph County. 
Mr. James Oliver remained there for sev- 
eral decades, and in 1855 moved to South 
Bend, where he found a chance to invest 
in an established foundry, paying $88.76 
of his sole cash capital of $100 for a one- 
fourth interest. Among the products of 
the foundry were cast iron plows, con- 
sidered by farmers a decided advance over 
the old wood mold-board plows of earlier 
days. James Oliver's judgment convinced 
him that the cast iron plows were too heavy 
and not adapted to many soils, and he be- 
gan experimenting and for twelve years 
put his inventive genius into the work, and 
finally evolved the Oliver Chilled Plow, 
which remains to this day the accepted 
implement of its kind the world over, and 
at the same time is a lasting testimonial 
to the perseverance, patience and construc- 
tive skill of its inventor. 

The plant of the Oliver Chilled Plow 
Works is the most extensive of its char- 
acter in the world, with a manufacturing 
capacity of more than half a million plows 
annually, besides other implements and re- 
cently patented devices. The plant is situ- 
ated along the New York Central Rail- 
road tracks south for a distance approxi- 
mately six city blocks, and from Chapin 
Street over four city blocks to Arnold 
Street. There are twenty-six different 
buildings, including a six-story warehouse, 
and its offices are at 533 Chapin Street. 
Emplojinent is given 3,000 hands and the 
products are shipped all over the world. 

An interesting example of what is being 
carried on at the plant in the way of ad- 
ding to the industrial power of the agri- 
culturists in the present situation, when the 
world is looking to the United States for 
bread, is the hastening up of the manu- 
facture of one of the company's inventions 
of 1914. Its description, without technica- 
lities, stamps it as a combined rolling colter 
and jointer dcvi<'e, to be used with many 
patterns of Oliver plows. A feature 
of the utility of this device is that it will 
thoroughly <*over under weeds as hieh as 
a man's head and bury them at the bottom 
of the furrow, and when it comes into uni- 
versal use, as it will, there will l»e no more 
tn>uble for the farmers from such d<>struc- 
tive pests as grasshop|>ers, l>ollweevil, white 
grubtfi or Hessian fly. This is but one of 



the many inventions completed and under 
way of this company, and all of them, in 
order to satisfy the present head of the 
company, Joseph Doty Oliver, must have 
specific value for the farmer, and he ac- 
cepts no other under the name of improve- 
ments. 

Joseph Doty Oliver since leaving Notre 
Dame Academy and De Pauw University 
has been closely identified with the man- 
ufacturing business above described, enter- 
ing the factory and obtaining thereby a 
practical working knowledge in which he 
has never lost interest. He is not only the 
nominal but actual head of the Oliver Chil- 
led Plow Works, taking pride in its success 
and intelligently assisting in working out 
its problems. In his devotion to business 
sometimes his friends have declared that 
he has not taken time to accept political 
and other preferments, but business first 
has always appealed to him. However, 
Mr. Oliver has never shirked responsibil- 
ities and as an ardent republican has been 
ready to respond to the legitimate calls of 
his party, but in large measure he has 
preferred to loyally support others and 
advance Jheir ambitions rather than to en- 
joy their fruits for himself. He has served 
on several occasions as a delegate to state 
and national conventions, and is an active 
member of the South Bend Chamber of 
Commerce. He is also a trustee of Purdue 
University and at this time president of 
the board. 

When the affairs of this nation became 
critical Mr. Oliver put aside his reluctance 
to assume heavy public responsibility, sub- 
ordinating all private interests when called 
upon by the secretary of the treasurj" of 
the United States to accept the office of 
state dire<*tor for Indiana of the savings 
certificate plan of the government. He is 
president of the Saint Joseph County 
Council of Defense, and in everv wav is 
working for the patriotic objects that are 
the heart and soul of Americanism. 

Mr. Oliver was married at Johnstown, 
New York, December 10, 1884, to Miss 
Anna Gertrude Wells, and they have four 
children : James Oliver, who is vice pres- 
ident of the Oliver Chilled Plow Works; 
Gertrude Wells, who is the wife of Charles 
Fre<lerick Cunningham, secretary' of the 
company ; Joseph D., of South Bend, who 
is treasurer of the Oliver Chilled Plow 
Worl^ was married April 30, 1917, to 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1648 



Miss Ellinor F. McMillin, who is a daugh- 
ter of Hon. Benton McMillin, present 
United States minister to Peru, South 
America, and formerly governor of Ten- 
nessee; and Susan Catherine, who resides 
with her parents. The family residence, 
one of the finest private homes in the state, 
stands on Washington Avenue, South 
liend. 

Mr. Oliver is a director of the National 
Park liank of New York City ; of the First 
National Rank of Chicago, and of the P. C. 
C. & St. L. Railroad Company. While 
his home training and personal heliefs have 
made him a Preshyterian in religious faith, 
Mr. Oliver in this as in other attitudes is 
lil>eral minded and he gives generous sup- 
port to many church bodjes. Personally 
he is ver>' approachable, and a visitor soon 
senses the sincerity that is in the genial 
smile and hearty hand-shake, and finds 
no difficulty in understanding his popular- 
ity with his army of employes as well as 
his fellow citizens. 

Gboroe H. W^n^cox, senior partner of 
Wilcox Brothers, men's furnishing goods 
merchants of Newcastle, has been more or 
less identified with business at Newcastle 
for the past nine years, and his career as 
a traveling man and merchant covers a 
number of localities in Ohio and Indiana, 

George H. Wilcox was bom at Aliens- 
ville in Vinton County, Ohio, December 
3, 1874, a son of N. C. and Margaret (Culy) 
Wilcox. The Wilcox family is of Scotch- 
Irish ance6tr>'. His maternal grandfather, 
David Culy, came from London, England, 
and at Lebanon Ohio, served an apprentice- 
ship at the cooper's trade. I^ter he stud- 
ied medicine and became one of the capa- 
ble old time countr\' practitioners in the 
vicinitv of Good Hope and Jeffersonville. 
Fayette County, Ohio. lie practiced in 
true pioneer style, riding horseback and 
carrying medicines in a saddlebag. lie 
continucil his profession until about five 
years before his death, which occurre<l in 
1908. Of his four children three are still 
living, the second in age being Margaret 
Culy who was marricil at Allensville. Ohio, 
to N. C. Wilrox. They have four children, 
all living. 

Oeonpi» 11. Wilcox a<'<|uired his educa- 
tion in the public schoolH at Jcfferson- 
ville. Ohio, graduating from high school 
in 1891. Ilis initial experience in mer- 



chandising was acquired by work in his 
father's dry goods store. In 1895 he went 
to Cincinnati, and traveled out of that city 
representing the Meyer, Wise & Earchen 
Company, wholesale furnishing goods and 
notions. His territory was Southern Ohio, 
Kentucky and West Virginia, including 
most of the Ohio river towns as far east as 
Charleston, West Virginia. lie was on the 
road fifteen years. In the meantime he 
was acquiring interests in several local 
establishments. In 1906 he bought his 
father's dry goods business at Continental, 
Ohio, and put his brother, Leo D., in 
charge. In 1909 this business was moved 
to Crooksville, Perry County, Ohio, where 
it was continued until 1915. At that time 
the dry goods and women's furnishings 
were sold over the counter, while the men's 
clothing department was moved to Elkhart, 
In<liana, and continued there until July 1, 
1918. 

After leaving the road in 1909 Mr. Wil- 
cox move<l to Newcastle in 1910 and bought 
the Campliell Brothers' dry goods store. 
He proceeded to sell that stock over the 
counter and then established a new and 
complete stock of furnishing goods, cloth- 
ing and shoes on March 10, 1910, and to 
this business he has given his personal 
attention and has built up a trade that 
satisfied all the demands of the city trade 
and much of the countrj' district surround- 
ing. His stock is <*omplete in men s fur- 
nishings and shoes, and his long experience 
enables him to furnish the highest quality 
consistent with the price. 

In August. 1904, Mr. Wilcox married 
Viola Schath, daughter of George and Min- 
nie Schath, of Cincinnati. Mr. Wilcox 
is a republican, a York Rite Mason and 
Shriner, having affiliations with Syrian 
Temple at Cincinnati, is a member of the 
Tnited Commercial Travelers, has filled all 
the chairs in Cincinnati Council, of which 
he is still a member and is a member of 
Cincinnati Ixnlge No. 5, Benevolent and 
T^rotective Order of Elks, and has also 
identified himself in a public spirited man- 
ner with all movements affecting the local 
welfare of his home city of Newcastle. 

CfisTAVE G. Schmidt has known Indian- 
apolis as a resident for a half a centurj', is 
a native of the city and rc[>rcsents one of 
the familiar and honored names there. He 
has himself been one of the valuable in- 



1644 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



flnence in the upbuilding and progress of 
the city. He has had many interesting 
experiences and achievements, and some of 
the more important details of his career 
are a real contribution to local history. 

Mr. Schmidt was one of the pioneers in 
introducing to Indianapolis the most mod- 
em of amusements, the moving picture 
show. He is now president of the Atlas 
Amusement Corporation, which owns and 
operates three of the best known moving 
picture houses in the city, the Crystal, the 
Atlas and the Stratford. 

Mr. Schmidt was bom December 27, 
1865, son of Adolf and Elizabeth (Voss) 
Schmidt. His father was a native of Ger- 
many and his mother of Alsace. Adolf 
Schmidt grew up and was educated in the 
fine old university city of Heidelberg. One 
of his college mates was the strenuous 
American citizen and patriot Carl Schurz, 
and both of them shared in the enlightened 
liberalism and ideals of political freedom 
which threw Germany into the throes of 
revolution in 1848, and it was an aftermath 
of that struggle that Sehurz and many of 
his compatriots, including Adolf Schmidt, 
had to leave the fatherland and transplant 
their lives and their ideas to the New 
World. Adolf Schmidt possessed consider- 
able property and enjoyed a good social 
position in his home city, but the property 
was confis(*ated and he barely made escape 
with his life through France to America. 
The presence of friends and relatives led 
him to Indianapolis, and ever afterward 
he was a true lover of American institu- 
tions. His first employment in this city 
was as a baker, and he afterward opened 
a shop of his own on Massachusetts near 
New Jersey Street, and later on East Wash- 
ington Street, and here built up an ex- 
tensivt* news businesK, handling all foreig^n 
perio<licals, and w&s Indiana representa- 
tive of the International News Service. At 
one time he contributeti to the numerous 
pages of Turk and Judge. He was also 
interested in the publication of the In- 
diana Tribune, a G<'rman pa|>er, and was 
financial) v identifietl with other Iiulian- 
apolis publiration.H. 

It was in a home that radiatt^l the 
atm<»Kphere of political free<lom and the 
l>est American ideals that (tustave G. 
Schmidt grew to manho<Kl. After getting 
his e<hu*ation his first o<'cupation was 
in the nefi's service selling paiiers, 



and subsequently he worked as a messenger 
for the Western Union. He rapidly ac- 
quired a knowledge of the telegraph key, 
and was employed at the old central office 
taking press reports and handling the wire 
for the Indiana State Journal when John 
C. New was its editor. During the big 
strike of the commercial telegraphers in 
1883 he lost his position and then sought 
work as a railroad telegrapher. He was 
operator and dispatcher on the I. B. & W. 
road before he was twenty-one years of 
age. Not long afterward an accident oc- 
curred through the mistake of another op- 
erator, but which involved him in the in- 
vestigation and caused him to throw up 
his job. During the interval that followed 
he put in ninety days as an employe of 
the Northern Pacific Railway at Dickinson, 
North Dakota. He also worked as dis- 
patcher and operator with the T. St. L. 
and K. C. and the Monon Railroad, being 
at Bloomington, Indiana, for the latter. 
While there he took up the study of law 
but did not continue it to the point of 
admission to the bar. When the Schmidt 
brewery installed a telegraph and cable 
line Mr. Schmidt went to work as operator 
and bookkeeper for the plant. Subse- 
quently the firm sent him out as salesman 
and southern representative with an office 
at Louisville, Kentucky, where he had 
charge of their extensive interests and ju- 
risdiction over the southern trade of the 
company for six years. Returning to In- 
dianapolis, Mr. Schmidt was local repre- 
sentative of the Pabst Brewing Company, 
and aften^ards of the Schmidt brewery. 
It was while in this business that he fur- 
nished some financial resources to establish- 
ing the Airdome near the Atlas Engine 
Company plant. That was his introduc- 
tion to the picture show business, and in 
later years the promotion of this amuse- 
ment has occupied most of his time and 
energies. Mr. Schmidt is an active repub- 
liean in politics. 

Mr. Schmidt's first wife was Carrie Wil- 
lings. She died in 1895, leaving one son, 
Raymond Voss. This son pos.sesses the 
patriotic ardor of his father and grand- 
father, and has made strenuous efforts to 
get his services accepted by the United 
States srovernment in the present war. He 
has volunte<»re<l f<mr tinw^, and attended 
the officers training camp, but on account 
of slightly defective eyesight was barred 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1646 



from the service. A special trip by hi} 
father to Washington and the exercise of 
political influence has so far failed to se- 
cure him the opportunity of any service. 
Mr. Schmidt married for his present wife 
Elnore Hartman. Her father, Fred Hart- 
man, served as a soldier in the Civil war 
with the Union army, and for fifty years 
was a well known wagon manufacturer in 
Indianapolis. Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt have 
one daughter, Catherine. 

Robert J. Mei*ser has spent his life in 
the meat business, as a stoi*k buyer, packer 
and retailer, and represents a family 
through whose record the history of pork 
and general meat packing in Indiana might 
easily be told. The Meusers for three 
generations have been identified with the 
packing industry in this state. Robert 
J. Meuser is now conducting a high class 
market at 440 East Washington Street, and 
is a pioneer in establishing the now fa- 
miliar **cash and carry" system of selling 
food products. 

Mr. Meuser was born in Madison, In- 
diana, May 25, 1875. a son of John R. and 
Wilhelmina (I)ietz) Meuser. His grand- 
father, George Meuser, was one of the first 
if not the first pork packers at Madison, 
Indiana. That was in the days of river 
transportation, when meat packing was 
confined almost entirely to the salt curing 
of pork and long liefore refrigerator cars 
were even dreamed of. John R. Meuser 
was boni at Madison Deremlxr 25, 1841>, 
and when a boy helped carry the hriek 
which entere<l into the construction of the 
Meuser Paeking H(»u.se. Tliis business did 
a large export trade. Most of their pnul- 
u<*ts were paeked on barges in tlie river 
and meat was eured as it tl<mted down the 
river to New Orleans. John H. Menser 
sne(»eeded his father in bnsinevs. an<i in 
ISSS moved to IndiHnap<»li^, where hv re- 
suni»d his work with the In(iianai>olis ab- 
hatoir. the publii* slauvrht«'r houstv Later 
he }>uilt the parkinjr honse whirh now he- 
lonjrs to Brown HrothtTs. pa«k«Ts. For 
tW(» vears before his death he retired. He 
passed away Ff)»niarv 2. 1!M2. aini his 
wife <lied in l*n4. Ilrr p«N»ph» wiTe fn»ni 
(Jerjiiany. John H. .M»*u^«*r was a r«'puh- 
lir;in aini >to<M] hiu'h in M;i>onry. tillinjr 
all tlif rhair^ in Lodire No. 2. Anririit Free 
a!nl A« • ''ptf-l Mit*»ons. at Ma«liNi.n and he- 
ijiL' IIP 'i.'«r 'if th*' S.'otti'^h \\\U and Shrin*' 



at Indianapolis. His wife was active in 
the English Lutheran Church. They have 
six children: Oeorge E., who is in the 
United States Navy ; Alice, a trained nurse 
living at Indianapolis; Robert J.; Mar>' 
R., wife of James Badorf , of Kansas City ; 
0. R. wife of Captain Ralph, who is now 
in the United States service; and William 
H., connected with the automobile business 
at Indianapolis. 

Robert J. Meuser received his education 
in Madison and in early life became his 
father s assistant in the packing business. 
He has had experience in every detail of 
that work. He has bought livestock on the 
hoof, has studied and worked at every 
phase of the slaughter and packing of 
meat products, and has also supervised the 
sale and distribution both as a jobber and 
retailer. In 1901 he was at the Indianap- 
olis stockyards as a commission man, and 
his ability enabled him to make money 
ver>' rapidly. He finally financed a pack- 
ing business at the old ReifTel packing 
house. This began on a small scale, and 
gradually increased until it was one of the 
leading concerns of its kind at Indianap- 
olis, conducted under the name Meyer- 
Mcuser Packing Company. Mr. Meuser 
remained a factor in that business until 
1911, when he retired to establish his 
present retail market at 440 East Wash- 
ington Street. From the very first this has 
been a '*eash and carry'' business. 

Mr. MeuH4»r and family reside at Edge- 
wood on the Madison roa<l in Perrv Town- 
ship. In 1!MK) he married Lena R. Sum- 
mers, who died in 1IHK{, leaving two daugh- 
ters, ^Iar^'•aret and Huth. In 19i:j Mr. 
Menser nnirri4»d Hn))v H. Hester. 

■ 

Mr. Menser is affiliated with Capital 
City Ixxlire No. 97. An«ient Free and Ae- 
ceptetj Masons and I'entali>ha Chapter No. 
.■>r)4, Hoval Areh Masons. He has alwavs 
h<«en an earnest worker for the success of 
the republican party. 

Wii.iJAM MvRSHALL Walton, of La- 
Porte, is known all over the State of In- 
diana in bortieiiltural circles and is a rec- 
nirnized anthoritv on even' pha.se of the 
fruit industry in the northern counties of 
tie state in i>arti«ular. Mr. ^Valton was 
the yoniiLrest man ever elected as president 
t^f the IndiiuiM State Horti<-nltural Soeietv. 

}\v was born at [.a Porte. His fatl^er, 
William Marshal! Walton. Sr., was bom 



1646 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



at Kingston, New York, February 4, 1844. 
His grandfather James Walton, was a na- 
tive of Lincolnshire, England, grew up 
and married there, and on coming to the 
United States located at Kingston, New 
York, and later moved to Hurley in Ulster 
County of that state, where he died April 
1, 1888. He 'married Ann Phoenix, also a 
native of Lincolnshire. She was bom 
March 31, 1815, and died March 26, 1884. 
Her four sons were named George, James, 
John and William Marshall. 

William Marshall Walton, Sr., as a 
youth learned the trade of cigar maker and 
followe<l that occupation in New York 
State until the early 'TOs. He then came 
west to LaPorte and continued as a cigar 
manufacturer there until failing health 
compelled him to seek a change of occupa- 
tion. At the same time he had bought a 
tract of land in the southeast part of La- 
Porte, and there made his primary eflPorts 
as a fruit raiser. He planted a variety of 
trees, ineludinpr nearly if not all the dif- 
ferent kinds of fruit species suitable to 
that climate in addition to a large variety 
of small fruits. He made a close studv of 
the business, and in a few years had a 
highly develop«»ti orchard of twenty acres. 
He improved his land with good buildings 
and live<i there until his death December 
20, 1912. He marrie<l Anna E. Polly, who 
was born at Hanlstown, Kentucky, and 
died January 15, 1914. Her children be- 
Ki<les William Marshall were Bessie, Grace, 
Marv, Ros<' and Nell Gordon, who was l>orn 
in 18S8 and died in 1897. 

William Marshall Walton, Jr., gradu- 
at<Hl from the LaPorte High School in 
1906. As a l>oy he helped his father in 
the orchard, and took naturally to the busi- 
ness (»f fruit growing. Horticulture is a 
business in whirh exi>erience and practice 
counts for more than anything that can 
1m» learned from books, and Mr. Walton 
knows the industr>' in every practical de- 
tail. For three winter terms he. also at- 
tended Purdue Univrrsity. where be made 
a special study of hi)rtieulure. and at dif- 
ferent times repn»sented the university as 
orchard demonstrator. 

Tn 1914 Mr. Walton forme<l a partner- 
ship with Harr>- L. Stanton of T^Portc, 
and with two other parties bouc^ht the 
Spawn on'hard at Rf)chester. Indiana. 
They r'Hirganized as the Orehanl Develop- 
ment Company, of which Mr. Walton is 



president. Later he and Mr. Stanton 
bought the other interests are now sole 
owners of that property, which constitutes 
the finest orchard in Indiana, and it has 
produced many thousands of dollars worth 
of fruit. 

Mr. Walton is now president of the In- 
diana Fruit Growers Association and also 
one of the board of directors of the Inter- 
national Apple Show Association. 

September 16, 1915, Mr. Walton mar- 
ried Margaret Leona Wright. She was 
bom at LaPorte, daughter of George and 
Theresa (O'Reilly) Wright. Her mater- 
nal grandparents, Thomas and Ann 
(Gillam) O'Reilly, were bom in County 
Leitrim, Ireland, and are still living at 
LaPorte. 

Grandfather Edward Wright was bom 
at Paterson, New Jersey, a son of Samuel 
and Amelia (Whartell) Wright. Edward 
Wright came to LaPorte County in early 
days and later removed to Bangor, Michi- 
gan, where he followed the trade of brick 
mason. Mrs. Walton's parents have been 
lifelong residents of LaPorte. Mr. and 
Mrs. Walton have two children : Mary Mar- 
guerite and William Marshall III. 

Dr. Joseph Eastm.vn was born in Fulton 
County, New York, Januarj' 29, 1842. 
During the Civil war he was a member of 
the Seventy-seventh New York Volunteers, 
served in actual battle, and later was ap- 
pointed hospital steward in the United 
States Army and graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Georgetown in 1865. Until 1866 
he .served as a surgeon in the United States 
Volunteers. 

Doctor Ka.stman engaged in the general 
practice of medicine at Clermont first and 
later in Brownshurg, Indiana, and in 1875 
located in Indiana|)olis, where he became 
demonstrator of anatomy in the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons. He has, since 
be<*o!ne n(>te<l in alxlominal surger>% and 
for many years has l)cen a contributor to 
the more prominent medical journals of 
the United States. 

Wn.Li.\M R. Sfxker, general manafirer of 
the Hotel Lincoln at Indianapoli.s, went 
into the hotel business in New York Citr 

• 

at the age of twenty-one, and has shown 
an aptitude amounting to genius in the 
management of every phase of the com- 
plicated biLsiness. He has l)een manager 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1647 



of some of the larg^t and best patronized 
hostelries both north and south. 

Mr. Sefker wan born Au^st 14, 1869, 
at Guelph, Ontario, Canada, son of Robert 
and Sarah (Marshall) Seeker. His par- 
ents were both born in England. His 
father was an Ontario fanner, and died 
in 1880. 

William R. Seeker was the second of 
thrive children, two of whom are still liv- 
ing. He attended public schools and also 
the Tpper Canada University, and from 
school went to Detroit and was employed 
as a clerk there for a year. When about 
twenty-one he went to New \ork City, 
and had seven years of practical training 
and experience in the Im|>erial Hotel, 
l^ater he opened three summer resort hotels 
in C*anada, and there showed his versa- 
tility and ability as a hotel man. After 
disposing of hiii leases he came to Indian- 
apolis and took management of the Uni- 
versity Club. He was there four years and 
for two years was manager of the Columbia 
Club. Later Mr. Seeker was for live years 
manager of the Ainsley Hotel of Atlanta, 
Oeorgia, one of the largest hotels in the 
South. 

Mr. Seeker returnetl to Indianapolis 
January 29, 1918, and has since been gen- 
eral manager of the Hotel Lincoln. Under 
his management this hotel has been taxed 
to its capacity and then* is now under 
contemplation a large addition to existing 
fa(*ilities. Mr. Seeker is affiliated with a 
loilge of Masons in Kansas City, Missouri, 
is an Elk and republican. In 1902 he mar- 
ried Miss Evelyn Sheffield, of Virginia. 
Mr. and Mrs. Seeker have two sons. 

Hn.Tt^N U. Hrow.v by reason of nearly 
forty years active and continuous conne<»- 
tion with the Indianai>olis News, of which 
he is now general manager, is an Indiana 
man by birth, e^lucation an<l occupation. 

His father. Philip A. Brown, was a suc- 
cessful bnsiness man of Indianapolis, where 
he located in ixr>r>. He was a native of 
Ohio and on moving to Indianapolis estal^- 
lished one of the pioneer lumber yards. 
This vard was at the corner of Massaehu- 
setts and Hellefontaine avenues. A private 
switch known as Brown's Switeh was ex- 
tendeil from the old Peru railnmd to his 
yard, and it is said this switch led to the 
establishment of the railroad station on 
Massjiehusetts Avenue. He was a man of 



scholarly attainments and one of the 
friends of early education in this city. He 
died in 1864, at the age of sixty-four. Be- 
ing beyond the age limit for duty as a 
soldier he served as enrolling clerk of the 
Home GuardM and as a member of the 
draft boards during the Civil war. In his 
political career he was successively a dem- 
ocrat, whig and finally a republican. He 
married at Hamilton, Ohio, Julia A. 
Troester, who was Iwrn in Germany and 
came to America with her parents, who 
left <iennany with Carl Sehurz and other 
revolutionary Germans. She died in 1874, 
at the age of forty-four. Of their children 
only two attained maturity, Demarchus C, 
present state librarian in Indiana, and Hil- 
ton U. 

Hilton U. Brown was born at Indian- 
apolis February 20, 1859, was educated in 
the lo<'al public schools and then entered 
Butler College at Irvingt<m, where he was 
graduated A. B. in 1880. He has since 
had conferred upon him the honorary de- 
gree Master of Arts. After leaving col- 
lege he spent a year at the head of what 
was known as Oaktown Academy, a public 
school at Oaktown in Knox County. In 
the meantime he had made application to 
John II. Holliday for work as a reporter 
on the Indianapolis News. The opportu- 
nity came following the assa.ssi nation of 
Prt*sident Garfield in the summer of 1881, 
when the News required extra men, and 
Mr. Brown was given a humble position 
on the [)ayroll. He began as market re- 
porter, and since then has served in prac- 
tically every capacity and posit icm in l)oth 
the news and busin4»ss departments. In 
1890 he was made citv editor. In 1898 he 

• 

was appointed receiver during the litiga- 
tion growing out of a dissolution of part- 
nership proceedings. As receiver he sold 
the paper for the litigants for nearly a 
million <lollars, a big price for a newspaper 
at that time. The purcha.sers of the News 
at once ma<ie him general manager, and he 
has retaineti this responsibility for nearly 
twenty years, deserving much of the (*re<lit 
for the high position the Indianapolis News 
now enjoys among the metropolitan jour- 
nals of the nation. Mr. Brown also ne- 
jrotiatcd the purchase for the owners of the 
Nt»ws of the Indianapolis Press and the 
Indianapolis Sentinel. He has long In^en 
one of the directors of the American News- 
papers Publishers Assoi'iation. 



1648 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Mr. Brown is a progressive republican 
in politics. He is affiliated with Irving- 
ton Lodge No. 666, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and is a member of the 
Christian Church. He has been a trustee 
of Butler College for a number of years 
and in 1903 was elected president of the 
college board of directors. 

Mr. Brown married in 1883 Miss Jennie 
Hannah, daughter of Capt. Archibald A. 
Hannah, of Paris, Illinois. Ten children 
have been bom to their marriage: Mark 
H., Philip, now deceased, Louise, Mrs. 
John W. Atherton, of Indianapolis; Mary, 
Hilton, Jr., Jean, Archibald, Paul, Jessie 
and Julia. The daughter Mary is the wife 
of George A. Stewart and lives in Indian- 
apolis. Three sons Hilton Jr., Arch 
A. and Paul entered the army when war 
was declared against Germany. All three 
became lieutenants in artillery. Hilton, 
Jr., was killed in action in the Argonne 
Forest while serv'ing in the Seventh Field 
Artillery, First Division. His brother 
Paul was in the same regiment and was 
cited for efficiency. Arch was discharged 
into the reserves when the war closed. 

Artiu'R H. Jones is senior member of 
the firm Jones & Call, attorneys in the 
Pvihian Building at Indianapolis. Mr. 
Jones is a lawyer of wide experience and 
demonstrated ability, and has been en- 
gagcil in practice and other affairs for over 
twenty years, and is regarded as one of 
the most elo<|uent and convincing cam- 
paign orators the democratic party has in 
the state. 

Mr. Jones was bom in Franklin County, 
Indiana. April 27, 1873, a son of Phillip 
Tenley and Lydia (Goflf) Jones. Ilis 
grandfather. Abraham Jones, was a native 
of Virginia, and on coming west first set- 
tled in Hamilton County, Ohio, but aftor- 
wanl removed to Franklin County, In- 
diana, where as a pioneer he lK>upht land 
in Hath Township and was Imsietl with 
the work of clearing and dovolopinp a farm 
thero the rest (»f his life. In his family 
were six children, three sons and three 
dauirhters. Phillip Teidey Jones, the old- 
est s«»n. was l>oni in Franklin (Nmnty. was 
«lurat**<l in the lo<»al si'h<K>ls there and the 
Br(H»kville Aratlemy. and put his education 
to nse as a teacher. He had a keen mind 
for mat hematics, a*qnire«l an exi»ert knowl- 
eiljre of suneying. and was widely known 



as a civil engineer. Surveying occupied 
much of his time apart from that he gave 
to the management of his farm. It is said 
that he surveyed and laid out more than 
half of the land in Franklin Coun^. His 
life was one of long and consecutive use- 
fulness and service, and he gained the 
esteem of many friends. He was a devout 
christian, leader in the Baptist Church, 
and was largely responsible for the up- 
building of the Pittman Creek Baptist 
Church, located about ten miles east of 
Brookville. He lived and practiced Christi- 
anity, and had a knowledge of the Bible 
and theology such as few ministers of the 
Gospel possess. He was also g^ven to the 
old time hospitality, and his home was 
filled with his many friends whenever the 
opportunity presented, and the talk inva- 
riably turned around religious themes. He 
was a democrat in politics, but never be- 
came over enthusiastic on that subject. He 
was twice married. His first wife was 
Miss Oirton, who became the mother of 
one son, Benjamin Jones. By his second 
marriage, to Miss Lydia OofT, he had five 
children Arthur H. being the youngest. 

Arthur H. Jones attended public schools 
in Franklin County, took his higher literary 
education in Miami University at Oxford, 
Ohio, also attended Lebanon Normal 
School in Ohio and is a graduate of Cincin- 
nati Law School. In 1894 he began the 
practice of his profession at Summitville in 
Madison County, subsequently removed to 
Alexandria in the same county, and four 
years later opened his office in the county 
seat at Anderson. Mr. Jones was at Ander- 
son about five years. Later he came to 
Indianapolis to take up work as an organ- 
izer for the I^yal Order of Moose, and 
is ereditcil with having largely built up 
and strengthened that order in the state. 
He held every office in its jurisdiction ex- 
cept one. In 1911 he was elected supreme 
dictator and general counsel, and per- 
fonneil the duties of general counsel until 
X*J\'y. After a year or so in Chicago Mr. 
Jones returned to Indianapolis in 1917, 
and is now once more identified with a 
larpi* an<l gn»wing lepal practice. 

He has lieen a strenuous worker in the 
demo<'ratic party, though not an aspirant 
for official honors himself. His services 
as an orator have been in great demand, 
and in wmie eampaiinis he has been called 
l»evimd the lK)rders of his home state. Mr. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1649 



Jones* first wife was Daisy E. Baker, who 
died leaving two children, Harry S. and 
Nellie E. For his present wife Mr. Jones 
married Maude E. Oortner, of Cincinnati. 
Her people came from Canada. 

Croel p. Cokder is a member of the 
firm Conder & Culberston, general contrac- 
tors, with offices in the Odd Fellow Build- 
ing at Indianapolis. Mr. Conder is a 
graduate civil engineer, and with his firm 
has had an extensive experience in the con- 
struction of many high g^ade dwelling 
and apartment houses in Indianapolis, this 
being their chief specialty as builders. 

Mr. Conder probably inherited some of 
his tastes and inclinations as a builder and 
engineer from his grandfather, Shadrach 
Conder, who at the time of his death in 
November, 1918, had reached the advanced 
age of ninety years, and during his active 
career was a bridge builder of more than 
ordinar>' note. He also served as a soldier 
of the Civil war throughout that struggle 
and was promoted to captain of his com- 
pany. He had as a boy volunteered in the 
American army for service in the Mexican 
war. 

Croel P. Conder was born July 5, 1888, 
at Orleans in Orange County, Indiana, son 
of Charles A. and Kate (Richards) Con- 
der. His father was bom in Orange Coun- 
ty in 1854, and took up the business of 
lumberman. He was in the lumber busi- 
ncHS for a numl>er of vears at Orleans and 

• 

was also active in a sand and jrravel <*()m- 
pany in Indianapolis. On coming; to In- 
dianapolis he entered the real estate busi- 
ness, and built and had the management of 
a inimU»r of residences and apartment 
houM*s. He died in VM)*). \\v was a mem- 
Wr of the Meth(Klist Chnreh. and for a 
number of years atten<hMl worship at Cen- 
tral Avenue Methodist Epis<'opal Church. 
He was a repuhli<*an and at^iliatcd with the 
Inih'pendent Onlcr of Odd F'elhiws. He 
and his wife had two chihlnMi : Earl K., 
lM>rn March 'U, 1S77. and Crorl I*. 

Cr<M'l V. Cond^T bejran his education in 
tlie ()rh»ans pu)»lic srhools. hitf»r attended 
the Manual Trainintr Sch<M»l of Indiana, 
and took his pr(»ft»ssional trainintr in Pur- 
du«» Cnivcrsity, from whi<h he ^'raduated 
with thf rlass of lf»ll and the dcLTce of 
Ha'h»'1«»r of S«iiMirt' and ('ivil K!iirin»'<r. 
Tin \ >",\r follow iiiir his L''radnatioii from 
Purd'h* Mr. Coiid«T «Hp«*nt in a t4Mhni«*al 



position at the Toledo branch of the Ameri- 
can Creosoting Company. In 1912 he re- 
turned to Indianapolis and engaged in the 
contracting business, and he and his part- 
ner Mr. Culberston, has supplied the tech- 
nical skill and the equipment and facili- 
ties of a perfect organization in the con- 
struction of a large number of fine resi- 
dences and apartment houses in the state. 
Mr. Conder is treasurer of the Indian- 
apolis Screw Products Company, located 
at 31 East Georgia Street. This company 
furnished parts for the Liberty Motor used 
in aeroplanes for the United States Gov- 
ernment during the grreat European war, 
and is still manufacturing parts for the 
general trade. 

Mr. Conder is a member of the Civil 
Engineering Society, the Purdue Athletic 
and Alumni Association, the Phi Delta 
Kappa and Triangle fraternities, the In- 
dianapolis Canoe Club, Chamber of Com- 
merce, and Hoosier Motor Club. He is a 
republican in politics. 

August 25, 1907, he married at Lebanon, 
Indiana, Miss Sarah H. Scott, of Craw- 
fordsville, Indiana. Mrs. Conder was edu- 
cated in the Shortridge High School of 
Indianapolis. They have two children : 
Richard, l>om October 20, 1911, and Eliza- 
beth, l)om March 25, 1913. 

Nathan Rhhiway is sole proprietor and 
pr(*sident of the Nathan Hidgway Com- 
pany of Newcastle, but many other in- 
terests in that citv know him, and his 
name is one that has been held in esteem 
in Hcnrv Conntv for eijrhtv vears or more. 
His frrandfathcr. Elihn Hidirway. wa.s des- 
ceinh»d from one of three brothers who 
came from Kn^hind to America and were 
colonial settlers in IVnnsvlvania. Klihu 
Hitl^rway was born in West Virginia, or in 
what is now the State of West Virginia, 
Jnne f). 1799. He marrie<l there Nancy 
Corn well, a native of East Virjrinia. In 
I8:i") they came to Henry Conntv, Indiana, 
and nuide their home in that conntv alwuit 
ten Vf*ars and then went to Jav Conntv. 

• • • 

Elihn Hid^nvay died in ISTI^. 

Mr. Nathan Kidpway was ]»orn (»n a 
farm near Newcastle in Trairic Townsliip 
Manh 22. 1M]:>. His father, Allen HidL'- 
wav, was born in Hcnrv Cnnntv April 
2'\. ]yM. hnt was rcarc<l in Jay C<»nnty 
and remained at Ikhmc until the a«re of 
twcntv-twn. Hr then start«'d farminjj for 



1650 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



II 



himself, and acquired a fine place of 185 
acres in Prairie Township and lived there 
until his death in 1908. Allen Ridgway 
married February 28, 1862, Eveline 
Frazier, a daughter of Solomon and Mary 
A. Frazier, also natives of Henry- County. 
Mrs. Allen Ridgway is still living. She 
was the mother of two children, Emma, 
now deceased, and Nathan. 

Nathan Ridg^-ay attended country school 
during the winter terms and early assumed 
some share of the responsibilities on the 
home farm. lie also attended school at 
Newcastle two years. When eighteen 
years of age much of the management of 
the home farm greatly depended upon 
him. He lived rtiere and directed the pro- 
duction and the management of the place 
until 1889. In that year he married Miss 
Ollie Bouslog, a daughter of Enoch and 
Sarah (KautTinann) Houslog. The Bous- 
log family settled in Prairie Township of 
Henry County from Virginia in 1835, and 
Enoch Houslog was l)orn there and during 
his lifetime was a prominent farmer and 
sto<*k raiser. 

After his marriage Mr. Ridg\vay as- 
suhhhI the rt\sponsil)ility of the $3,000 
mortgage resting on the old homestead, 
and with the help of his goixl wife turned 
himself to the task of making the farm 
pay a living and also his debts. lie worked 
hard, gradually reduced his obligations, 
and continued with the farm until about tif- 
teen years ago. Then on account of failing 
health he sold his stcK'k and rented the farm 
and spent one year in the South. On return- 
ing to Newcastle he l>ecame agent for the 
American Express Company and filled that 
office twelve years. AugiLst 7, 1913. he en- 
tered the l)usines8 by which his name is 
now best known as a five and ten cent 
store proprietor at 1328 Broad Street. Mr. 
Ridg^^ay knew nothing of this particular 
business, and confes.ses that he has made 
his way to practii*al knowltMlge and suc- 
cess as a result of numerous hard knocks. 
His business has be«»n arrowing every month 
and it is now one of the largest variety 
stores selling five, ten and twenty-five cent 
gi>o<ls in Henry County, much of its trade 
coming even fnmi adjoining counties. The 
motto of the store is s«»rvice. rourtesv. qual- 
itv. 

Mr. Ridgway has a number of other 
local interests. He is a st04*khol4ler in the 
Farmers National Bank of Newcastle and 



of the Central Trust and Savings Bank. 
He is one of the prominent members of 
the prohibition party in Henry County. 
At one time he was defeated by a small 
margin as candidate on the citizens ticket 
for city treasurer. He is an elder in the 
Church of Christ. 

Wayman Adams. Indiana is not Paris 
or New York, and yet while without the 
traditions and the age of the old world 
and hardly competing numerically with 
older and larger centers of artistic effort, 
the quality of its literary and artistic pro- 
duction needs no apolog>'. Already the 
names of a dozen first rate men and women 
in literature and painting have a ready 
and current acceptance among those who 
are conventionally informed on matters of 
culture, and recently through recognition 
paid him in the east as much as through 
what he has done in his studio at Indian- 
apolis the name of Wayman Adams is ris- 
ing rapidly and high into the firmament 
of Indiana celebrities. 

This young portrait painter was born 
in the City of Muncie in 1883, a son 
of Nelson and Mary Elizabeth (Justice) 
Adams. His {iiarents are also natives of 
Indiana. Wayman was educated in the 
schools of Muncie, and for three or four 
years studied art in the Ilerron Art In- 
stitute at Indianapolis. Going abroad, he 
was a student of portrait painting under 
those well known masters William N. Chase 
at Florence and Rol)ert Henri (American) 
at Madrid. 

Returning to this country Mr. Adams 
established his .studio at Indianapolis in 
1909, where for nine years he has been 
doing .serious portrait work, and he has 
also studios in l)oth Philadelphia and New 
York, where he spends some of his time. 

Of his position as an artist and his 
growing fame the records of fact speak 
more elocpiently than could rhetorical ap- 
preciation and praise. In 1914 his por- 
trait of Alexander Ernestinoff of Indian- 
apolis won the Thomas R. Pro<'tor prize 
at the annual exhibition of the National 
Academy of Design in New York. In 1915 
his portrait of Caroline Hendricks won 
first prize at the Indiana Artists' Exhibi- 
tion in Richmond. Indiana. In 1916 his 
portrait of Alexander Ernestinoff. al>ove 
mentioned, won the J. I. Hoi comb prize 
at the Indiana Artists Exhibition in In- 




/'^/i^i^^^l^t^^^'*^^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1651 



dianapolis. In August, 1918, bis portrait 
of John McClure Hamilton, the Philadel- 
phia artist, won first prize at Newport, 
Rhode Island, in the annual exhibition of 
the Art Association of that city. Portrait 
of Joseph Pennell, well known etoher and 
lith4)fn*apher, won the Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
O. Logan medal and $1,500, Chicago Art 
Institute, 12)18. 

Among Indiana celebrities he has painted 
the !>est known are Governor Prank Uanly, 
(iovenior Ralston, the late Charles W. 
FairliankH, Booth Tarkington, Meredith 
Nicholson, James Whiteomb Riley, Henry 
Douglas Pierce, Henry Tallwtt, Elias 
Jacoby, Theodore C Steele and Charles 
Dennis. 

Kesidos the portrait of John Mc(.'lure 
Hamilton, mentioned alK)ve, Mr. Adams 
has within the |>ast year or two painted at 
his Philadelphia studio the |N>rtraits of 
(*harles M. Burns and Joseph Peiniell. Of 
these three pictures, which were exhihiteil 
at the annual exhibition of the Pennsyl- 
vania Academy in February, 1918, the fol- 
lowing remarks were made by the art critic 
of the Nation (New York) in its issue of 
March 7, 1918: 

**Nothing couhl l)e in stranger contrast 
to Sargent's portraits of President WiLsoii 
and Mr. Roi^kefdler than the three por- 
traits of McClure Hamilton, Charles M. 
Bums and Joseph Pennell by Wayman 
Adams, a painter whose work I now stn? 
for the first time. Th«^ men in bis por- 
traits are alive, they fairly bristb' with 
character. Iiulee<l. if a <Titicism must Im» 
made, it is that Adams is too cnjrross«*<l in 
character to lK>ther al)out anything else. 
He appears to l)e indifferent to atmosphere, 
troubles little about the subtleties of rolor. 
has no particular use for a baekgroun*!. 
But it is his interest, not his art. that is 
limited. When be d<i«»H sngpest a baek- 
ground. as in the portrait of Pennell, he 
ilocH it admirably, the tower of the eity 
ball and the surrounding tall buildings 
grouping and losing tbenjsHves in the Phil- 
adelphia smoke and mist as he lias s«*en 
them from the window of his hiffh studio. 
There is here no lark of atmosphere. But 
he sf^4>ms to detach his sitti-r entirely fronj 
the ba»'kjrn»und. the titrure is likt' a black 
siJhMuett»» s«»t atrainst it. tower and sky- 
siT.'ijM-rs and sniok»» f«»rir«»tten in his intent 
s«Mn*h afttT the t'hara«-ter in the piwt». 



the long legs and long arms of the artist 
extended as he sits on his sketching stool, 
holding his sketi'h block; in the hang of 
the coat, the bulging of the pocket full of 
papers, and still more in the character of 
the face, the serious face of a man at 
work, the eyes concentrated on their sub- 
ject under the soft gray felt hat drawn 
down to shade them — the hat alone an 
amazing study. In the McClure Hamil- 
ton portrait there is no backg^round at all. 
He stands, with long black overcoat drawn 
close round him, his gloved hands folded, 
one holding a silk hat, his head finely 
modele<l, face full of vivacity, eyes look- 
ing out with frank amusement as if at the 
joke of finding himself for once the model 
and not the painter — a [K)rtrait cynical, 
gay. vivid. But the most astonishing 
study of character is the third, the por- 
trait of Professor Charles M. Burns, Phil- 
a<lelphia*s most di.stinguished architect, 
though Philadelphia, in Philadelphia's 
fashion, may be chary to admit it. The 
portrait, a half length, is smaller than the 
other two, and is badly placed on the walls, 
but there is nothing better in the Academy. 
It is marvdoiLs in the rendering of the 
strong, old fac4\ of the lines marked by 
age and experience, of the keen, humorous 
eyes under the bushy eyebrows, of the 
droop of the white mustache. And how 
the clothes are a [)art of the man, how 
they help to explain him! — the round, 
brown felt bat, the s<arf, the overcoat open 
an<l thrown back, the very gloves I No 
model could have sat for these, no model 
could have worn th4'm. <ould have been as 
unmistakably at \um\c in them as the man 
to whom they belong. Adams has nt»t at- 
tempted more than a study, but fnmi a 
[>ainter who can nmke a study of such 
breadth and su<*h vitality one has a right 
to expect even greater things." 

Harry Edmt ni> Jk.vni.mjs. Many of 
Hfury (Anility's most important activities, 
wh«'ther conc«»riied with [>atriotie and war 
♦•ndeavor or with business affairs, <'onecn- 
trate and center around the personality of 
Harry Kdmund JenniuL's. Mr. Jennings 
represf»nts a type of ritiztMiship that has 
Uvn i»sprrially brout'ht out durinc: the 
pp'si'iit war. He has stood n»ady and will- 
ing to .sacrifice every immediate advantage 
aiiij his |)rivat«' busjipss to jtromote that 



1652 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



broader success of the nation at war, and 
assist in every movement for the welfare 
of the soldiers and their families. 

Mr. Jennings was bom in Newcastle 
March 1, 1874, son of Simon P. and Ange- 
line (Pickering) Jennings. The Jennings 
family is of English nationality. His 
grandparents, Obadiah and Mary Jennings, 
were natives of Pennsylvania, and in pio- 
neer times left that state and with all their 
possessions in a wagon drawn by a single 
horse moved over the mountains into Ohio. 
Among their two children were two sons, 
Levi A. and Simon P. Jennings, both of 
whom made history in Newcastle, the for- 
mer being known as ** father of Henry 
County's industries** and the latter hardly 
less prominent as a manufacturer, business 
man and citizen. 

Simon P. Jennings was born in Wayne 
County, Ohio, August 11, 1840, and grew 
up on a farm. He attended the country 
schools, Otterbein University for two 
years, and on leaving the farm taught 
school. He came to Indiana as instructor 
in the high school at Auburn^ and was 
also in the grocery business there for two 
yean*. He then joined his brother, Levi 
A., and his father at Newcastle, becoming 
a resident of this city in 1867. In 1875 he 
erected a two-storj- brick building which for 
many years was the home of his mercantile 
activities. He was associated with his 
brother in the hardware business, but later 
Levi sold his interest to his father, Oba- 
diah. and the latter and Simon conducted 
business here for nianv vears. In the mean- 
time Simon Jennings entered the lumber 
and builders suppli<*s industry, and begin- 
ning about 1886 established saw and plan- 
ing mills, sash, door and blind machiner>', 
and developetl one of Newcastle's chief in- 
dustriis. One of its largest departments 
was the mHinifacture of t<K)l handles. He 
and his asso<Matt's alsf) exteruled their inter- 
ests to oth^T stat«*s for snurce of raw mate- 
rial. Throujrh this and n^lated interests 
Simon Jennings whs one of tlie Tn(»niimen- 
tal tiLMins in Newcastle's life an<l prosper- 
ity fnr nianv vears. Durincr T'^f^G^T he 
als4» s»»rved as pn-sident of the Town Conn- 
<*il. l»nt his best publie S4»rviee was (lou})t- 
less tliruii^rh estahlishinp an<l niaintainin^f 

fnr fnrtv years an iinlustry whieh em- 
• . . . 

[>loye<l many hands and bn»nght rnueh 
wriiltli to the entire eoniniunity. Simon 
Jenninp* died in NoveinN^r, 1914. anil his 



brother, Levi, died in April of the same 
year. 

Simon P. Jennings married March 23, 
1870, Angeline Pickering, who was bom 
in Henry County December 2, 1846, daugh- 
ter of Jacob J. and Mary Pickering. Her 
people were Quakers and she was a birth- 
right member of that faith and was edu- 
cated in the old Spiceland Academy. 
Simon Jennings was reared as a member 
of the United Brethren in Christ, but after 
their marriage he and his wife were iden- 
tified with the Methodist Episcopal Church 
at Newcastle. Mrs. Simon Jennings died 
December 31, 1903. They had lived since 
1871 in a fine old home at the corner of 
Broad and Twenty-first streets, where all 
their children were bom, and their children 
were one daughter and three sons: Mary 
Ada, who died November 9, 1901; Harry 
Edmund ; Charles Wesley and Walter Pick- 
ering. 

Harry Edmund Jennings grew up in 
Newcastle at the old home, graduated from 
high school, and at the age of nineteen, hav- 
ing already had much experience ii\ his 
father's industry, he established a factory 
for the manufacture of barrel hoops. He 
conducted this general cooperage business 
for sixteen years and closed it out only 
after the .sources of raw material had gone 
so far toward exhaustion as to make the 
further continuance of the plant at New- 
castle unprofitable. He has also been inter- 
ested in cooperage mills at Reynoldsville 
in Union County. Illinois, at Maiden, Mis- 
souri, and various other points in hardwood 
districts. In 1912 Mr. Jennings entere<l 
the real estate and farm loan business, but 
has many other business interests that di- 
vide his time. 

He is president of the Pan-Ajnerican 
Bridge Company of Newcastle, a structural 
steel works requiring the employment of 
sixty men. He is pn-sident of the Citizens 
State Bank of Newcastle and a director and 
stm'kholder in the Farmers Bank of New 
Lisl>on, Indiana, the Monnt Summit Bank 
of Mount Summit, the Bank of Blounts- 
ville, the Farmers Bank of Ix>santville, the 
Kennard liank nf Kennard. the First Na- 
ticmal I^ank of Ilagerstown. the Mooreland 
State Bank, the People's Bank of Sulphur 
Springs, in the organization of which he 
took an a<'tiye i»art. 

In any ease and unch-r any eircumstanees 
Mr. Jennings would have entered heartily 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1653 



into ever>* patriotic endeavor, but his co- 
operation with war activities has a doable 
inspiration in the fact that his older son is 
wearing a uniform in the American army. 
Mr. Jennings married January 1, 1896, 
Miss Edna Kinsey. She was bom July 1, 
1874, daughter of David W. and Sophia 
J. (Shirk) Kinsey at Newcastle. Their 
son David Harr>% was born June 22, 1897, 
wa« liberally educated, and soon after the 
war with Germany broke out entered the 
oflBcers training camp at Port Benjamin 
Harrison and was connuissioned second 
lieutenant in June, 1917. He is now first 
lieutenant in Battery C of the One Ilun- 

• 

dred and Thirty-seventh Field Artillery. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jenninp% have a younger son, 
Harry E. Jr., born in 1909. 

Mr. Jennings is a republican and has 
been a delegate to various conventions. He 
has been a leader at Newcastle and in 
Henrj' County in the promotion of all the 
Liberty Loans, has served as county chair- 
man of the War Savings Committee, and 
under his leadershij) the county raised 
♦660,000 in sales of stamps in two weeks' 
time. He is also a member of the Red 
Cro88 Committee, and is county chairman 
of the Relief Civilian Committee, looking 
after the families and dependents of absent 
soldiers. Mr. Jennings is afTlliated with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
Knights of Pythias, and he is member of 
the Methodist Church. 

Dr. Willi.\m Lomax was born in Guil- 
ford County, North Carolina, March 15, 
1813, and his death occurred at Marion, 
Indiana, in 1893. He was a graduate of the 
University of New York, and at the begin- 
ning of the Civil war was appointed sur- 
geon of the Twelfth Indiana Infantry and 
was later medical director of the Fifteenth 
Army Corps. 

As early as 18.*).') Doctor Lonuix was 
eleete<l president of the Indiana State 
Medical Society, prcsidinir until 1856, and 
ten years later, in ISBfi, when the society 
was changed into a dclejratcd body, he 
took an active pHrt in the plan of reorgani- 
zation. For a time he hcM the chair of 
sunreon in the Fort Wayiic Medical 
College, for several yea in was ])resideiit of 
the board of truste»vs of the Medical Collefre 
of Indiana, and he e(nitril»uted many val- 
uable articles to the niedieal profession. 



John Day DePrez. The work that 
gratifies every ambition for service and 
his modest desires as a business man John 
Day DePrez has found in publishing a 
daily and weekly newspaper, and in the 
almost innumerable responsibilities and 
opportunities which come to a publisher, 
whether he is willing or not, bring him in- 
to active and vital relatioiLship with every- 
thing of concern in the community. 

Mr. DePrez is the chief man and chief 
owner of the Democrat Publishing Com- 
pany, [)ublishers of the Daily and Weekly 
I)eiiiocrat at Shelby ville. These are among 
the oldest newspapers of Northern In- 
diana, the weeklv edition having \yeen es- 
tablished in 1848 ami the daily in 1880. 

Mr. DePrez was lH)rn on the edge of 
Shelbvville in Shelbv Countv, Octol)er 1, 
1872, oldest son of John (\ and Zora L. 
DePrez. Aftor getting his education in 
the Shelbyville High School and two years 
at Hanover College, he entered the Shelby 
Hank and ten years in its employ would 
also classifv him as a banker. On leav- 
ing the bank he formed the company which 
l>ought the Daily and Weekly Demo<»rat, 
and he is chief owner of these publications. 

While America was engaged in the war 
with Germany Mr. DePrez served as coun- 
ty publicity agent for all the Liberty Loan 
drives, was chairman of the Shelbyville 
Council of Defense, chairman of the Shel- 
bvville War Chest, and on the Executive 
C<mimittee of the State Allied War Ac- 
tivities drive. If a bu.sy man like Mr. De- 
Prez can be said to have a fad, his irf 
boosting Shelbyville. He is a democrat, 
has served on the Executive Committee of 
the State Democratic Committee and as 
a dire<»tor of the Indiana Democratic Club 
of Indianapolis. Fraternally he is affil- 
iated with the Phi Delta Theta, Masons, 
Elks, Knights of Pythia.s, Red Men and 
Ben-IIur, and is a member of the First 
Presbvterian Church of Shelbvville. Oc- 
tober 28, 1902. he married Miss Emma 
Senour. 

O. L. Rkown. Admitted to the bar in 
1898. O. L. Brown's abilities have brought 
him many of the larger opportunitit»s of 
the law and of related business affairs. 
For many vears he has been in practice at 
Indianapolis, where his offices are in the 
Ilnme -^iansnr Huildinsr. 



1654 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Mr. Brown was born at Jewett, Illinois, 
November 2, 1874, son of Bazil and Laara 
Brown. His fatber, a native of Ohio, was 
educated in the public schools of that 
state and in early life followed farming 
and the lumber business. He settled in 
Cumberland County, Illinois, at an early 
date and finally gave up a business career 
to study law. His is an example of those 
successful professional careers won after 
most men are practically ready to retire. 
He moved from Illinois to Terre Haute, 
Indiana, in 1890 and has since conducted 
a general practice. lie is now living at 
Terre Haute at the venerable age of eighty- 
three. 

O. L. Brown was a twin in a family of 
seven children, four of whom are still liv- 
ing, lie was educated in the public 
schools, attended the State Normal at 
Terre Haute, and for three years taught 
a district school. He read law in the 
office of McIIamill at Terre Haute and be- 
gan practice alone in 1898. He was ad- 
mitted to the Indiana Supreme Court in 
1901, the United States Circuit Court in 
1903, the United States Supreme Court in 
1907, and in 1909 was also admitted to the 
Illinois Supreme Court. After ten years of 
private practice Mr. Brown temporarily 
left his profession to promote and organize 
interurban electric lines in Chicago and 
Kansas City, Kansas. Later he returned 
to Indiana and located at Indianapolis, 
where he has since enjoyed a large prac- 
tice. 

Mr. Brown is a Knight of Pythias. A 
stanch republican, he did much political 
work while in Terre Haute, organizing 
a strong and efficient republican club olf 
300 members. Many times he was called 
by the State Central Committee to do 
campaign work, and has always had the 
ability to influence and instruct large 
audiences for political discitssion. 

Mr. Brown marrietl for his present wife 
Miss Margaret Brainard. By his first mar- 
riage he had one son. now sixteen years 
of aee and a student in the public schools 
of lndiana]>olis. 

Richard IIknrv SniwKiTZER is secre- 
tar>*. treasurer and general manager of the 
Parish .\lfonl Fence and Machine Com- 
pany at Knightstown. About the first ex- 
perience he had in the business world was 
as a minor employe with a wire fence fac- 



tory. Working hard along one line, and 
with ability increasing in proportion to 
his experience, Mr. Schweitzer .has been 
able to give Knightstown one of its most 
flourishing and important industries, the 
product of which is distributed all over 
the central states, thus serving to adver- 
tise Knightstown and its resources to the 
outside world. 

Mr. Schweitzer was born at Crawfords- 
ville, Indiana, October 25, 1877, son 
of Christian and Theresa (Hermann) 
Schweitzer. His grandfather, Frederick 
Schweitzer, came from Bavaria about 
seventy years ago, locating at Columbus, 
Ohio. He was a professional musician 
and reared his family and died in Colum- 
bus. Christian Schweitzer was reared in 
Columbus, and afterwards moved to Craw- 
fonlsville, Indiana, where he died in 1916. 
His widow was bom at Reading, Pennsyl- 
vania, and is still living in that state. 

Richard Henry Schweitzer attended the 
public schools of Crawfordsville, was at 
high school until his senior year, and flrst 
went to work for the Indiana Wire Fence 
Company under 0. M. Gregg of Craw- 
fordsville. For a short time he was ship- 
ping clerk, later general traffic manager, 
and subsequently was secretary of the 
Crawfordsville Wire Company for a year 
and a half. He next became associated 
with C. D. Voris of Crawfordsville in or- 
ganizing the Crawfordsville Wire and Nail 
Company, and was its secretary and sales 
manager from 1901 to 1906. 

Mr. Schweitzer then became associated 
with Sears, Roebuck & Company of Chi- 
cago in purchasing in 1906 the wire fence 
factor}' at Knightstown, and has since been 
secretary, treasurer and general manager 
of the company. This plant at Knights- 
town, employing 100 hands and manufac- 
turing several substantial grades of wire 
fencing, supplies a large part of the great 
volume of wire fencing sold and distrib- 
uted by the Sears, Roebuck & Company 
organization. 

Mr. Schweitzer is also a stockholder and 
dire<»tor of the First National Bank and a 
director of the Citizens National Bank of 
Knightstown. He is also a stockholder in 
the Crawfonlsville Wire and Nail Com- 
pany, and has an interest in the One Piece 
Bi-Focal I^ens Company at Indianapolis. 

In 1899 he married Sliss Effa Strauss, 
daughter of Charles and Sarah (Schooley) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1655 



Strau&s of Crawfordsville. They are the 
parento of two children: Elizabeth Kather- 
ine and Richard Karl, the latter born in 
1902. In politics he is a republican. He 
is a past master of Golden Rule Lodgre No. 
16, Free and Accepted Masons, at Knijrhts- 
town, is past commander of the Knights 
Templar Commandery No. 9. and is 
present senior grrand warden of the Grand 
I^odge of Mas(ms. He also Mongs to 
Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine at In- 
dianapolis. He has been deeply interested 
in Masonrv, an<l was a mcinber of the 
building committee and secretary when the 
Indiana Masonic Home was built at Frank- 
lin, Indiana. He is now a member and 
secretary of the board of directors of that 
home. 

Meyer Lerman, of Newcastle, is onr of 
the most interesting youiijr ritizciis of that 
city, being a former meml)er of the United 
States navj% an organization that has cov- 
ered itself with glory in the present war. 
Mr. I^rman*s service was marked by par- 
ticipation in the noted exploit when the 
navy landed at Vera Cruz. Mexico, and 
took possession of that town for the Ameri- 
can forces. 

Mr. I^erman was born at Cincinnati 
March 14, 1890, a son of Joseph and (Mara 
(Spielberg) Lerman. He is of Hebrew 
ancestry. His father was born near War- 
saw in Russian Poland, and in 1887, at the 
age of twenty-one, came to Cincinnati. He 
had married in the old country. In 
America he spent fcmr years ])eddling 
with a pack of granite ware, using Cin- 
cinnati as his headquarters and traveling 
all over Kentucky and Virginia. Later he 
learned the cigar trade and opened a fac- 
tory at Cincinnati. He was a very suc- 
cessful bu.siness man, and continued in 
the cigar business until February 10. 1911. 
Having lost his health, he was for over 
six years an invalid an«l die«l in June, 
1917. His widow is still liviiiL' at Cin- 
cinnati. They had six clilMren. Meyt r 
being the se<*ond in a^re. 

Meyer Lerman finished tlii* work of tht* 
public schools at Ciin-iiiiKiti wln-n fifteen. 
and then for two yeai's was nifssmiriT lM»y 
with the Postal T«*lej^rai»li Cmnpanv. Hi- 
bad various other einployTnents and f<»r a 
time worked on a farni in Smitli l>ak«it;. 
He also mHna«:«'d lii*^ fatlirr's Lrainh es- 
tablishment at Mcr K<niL'e. Lonisjaiia. 



While living in Ohio he had joineil Com- 
pany M of the First Regiment, National 
<iuard. and had the rank of corporal. At 
Birmingham, Alabama, he clerked in a 
store two years and while there enlisted in 
the navy for a four years cruise. His en- 
listment was dated SeptemWr 11, 1911, 
and he was mustered out September 10, 
1915. Part of bus scTvice was on the 
I'nited States mine layer San Francisco, 
and als4) the Prairie. During those four 
vears he <'overed 90,(H^)0 miles. The crown- 
ing event of his service came in April, 
1914, when forces from a United States 
warshi[) landed at aiul captured the City 
of Vera Cruz, Mexico, from Huerta's gov- 
ernment. He [)articipated in the three 
days fighting, durini; which time nineteen 
Arn<ricans were killed and seventy-one 
wounded. Mr. Lerman while with the 
navy visited all the ports of Kngland and 
the Americas. After his honorable dis- 
charge he lived at hon»e in Cincinnati for 
one* year. 

October 29, 191 1). he married Miss Fan- 
nie Watel.sky. daughter of Nathan Watel- 
sky of Newcastle and Cincinnati. He was 
in the s(»rvice (»f Mr. Watelsky at New- 
castle and a year later was made manager 
of* the Newf'astlc establishment of that 
business, later becoming proprietor. Mr. 
Lerman is a mendier of the B'nai ICrith 
of Muiicie and has his membership in the 

Ortluxlox Synagogue at Cincinnati. 

• 

Harry E. Kaitano. With a knowledge 
ami experience accpiired by many years of 
work for law firms as well as by concen- 
trateil individual study, Mr. Raitano was 
well «|ualifHMl to achieve success in the 
legal profession when he came to Indian- 
apolis six years ago, and his record since 
then has justificil his most sanguine ex- 
pectations. 

Mr. Haitano drew his first con.scious 
}»reath on American s<»il and is an Ameri- 
can citizen in ♦•very s<»nsc of the word, 
thnuL'h he was Inirn January 17, 1879, in 
Naples. Italy, just previous to the immi- 
trratinii of his parents. Hart Kaitano and 
Anna • Valestra Kaitano. to America in 
file saini- year. His pan*nts have since 
livr.l in \i'\v Ynrk. where his father is still 
a resitb-nt a!i«l hatter by trade. Harry E. 
KaitaiH* was tlie fonrth amoinr sixteen ehil- 
liren. 

His rarlv ♦•ducat ion was a«'nuired in the 



1656 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



grade and high schools of New York City, 
and at a later date he was a student in 
the Chicago Law School. For aboat fif- 
teen years he worked as clerk in different 
law oflSces, and it would be difficult to 
conceive of a better preparation for the 
legal profession and one that could confer 
more ability to meet the exigencies imd 
problems which continually confront the 
lawyer. Mr. Raitano came to Indianapolis 
in July, 1912, taking up his residence in 
this city with his family, consisting of 
wife and three children. After the six 
months reiiuired to establish his residence 
he was admitted to the Marion County 
Bar, and since then has been engaged in 
general practice. 

That part of his professional career 
which has received most attention from 
the general public has been his ser\'ice as 
city prosecuting attorney, an office to which 
he was appointed January 5, 1914, and 
in which he served four years. During 
that time he has given his personal atten- 
tion to the prosecution of thousands of city 
cases, including the prosecution of a large 
number of offenders against the city or- 
dinances. He has also handled a number 
of murder cases, and several very import- 
ant civil litigations. This work and the 
ability he has displayed in his private prac- 
tice are the basis for the very excellent 
reputation he now enjoys as an Indianap- 
olis lawyer. 

In 1914 Mr. Raitano formed the Colum- 
bian Savings and Loan Association of In- 
dianapolis, with a capitalization of $250,- 
000. He was its president three years. In- 
cidentally it may be stated that the cor- 
poration is doing a large and successful 
business and is one of the leading insti- 
tutions of its kind. 

In politics Mr. Raitimo has been a demo- 
crat by conviction and allegiance since he 
attained the qualifications of manhood 
suffrage. He has been deeply interested in 
the success of his party, both at Indian- 
apolis and in the East, and in different 
campaigns has done much to discuss and 
clarify the political questions of tlie day. 
In 1914 the State I)emoi»ratic Committee 
of Indiana appointe<l him a member to 
travel over the state onranizing democratic 
clubs and meetings. Mr. Raitano resides 
at 22.*n Park Avenue, in the third prei»inct 
of the Second Wanl, and is demo4Tatic 
pret'inct committeeman of the ward. As 



native of one of the allied countries en- 
gaged in the present great war against 
Germany, but especially as an American, 
Mr. Raitano has sought to use his influence 
for the successful prosecution of the war, 
is a member of Company H of the In- 
diana State Militia, and is also a member 
of the Italian Executive Committee of 
Propaganda. He is also a member of the 
King Humbert Mutual Aid Society, of the 
Democratic Club, of Aerie No. 211 Fra- 
ternal Order of Eagles, the Italian Red 
Cross Society and the American Red Cross. 
In church affiliation he is a member of Sts. 
Peter and Paul Cathedral. 

July 9, 1902, at Jersey City, New Jer- 
sey, Mr. Raitano married Miss Frances di 
Mauro. Her people were also Italians. 
They have four children, all living: Anna 
L., born April 21, 1904; Arthur B., born 
July 28, 1905; B. Alfred, bom October 3, 
1907; and Henrietta, bom May 5, 1914. 
Mr. Raitano *s office is in the Indiana Trust 
Building. 

WoXiiAM RoLUN ZiON. Though he has 
had a wide and varied business experience 
Mr. Zion has given most of his time and 
energies to the sawmill and lumber in- 
dustr>% and is a member of the firm Wood- 
ard Sl Zion, a successful organization at 
Knightstown operating a general sawmill 
industry, also manufacturing hard wood 
and a special line of poultry coops. 

Mr. Zion was bom in Rush County, In- 
diana, on a farm, January 31, 1859, son 
of John Quincy and Maria (Pickering) 
Zion. He is of Scotch-Irish ancestry. As 
a boy he attended country schools and also 
Spiceland Academy. Up to the age of 
twenty-seven he lived on his grandfather's 
farm of 110 acres. He then went to Carth- 
age, and there had his first experience in 
the sawmill industry*, working for two 
years. Moving to Knightstown, he was for 
six years clerk in a hardware house and 
was a butcher one year. On returning to 
Carthage Mr. Zion bought a sawmill, and 
for four years operated it successfully un- 
der his individual name. He then bought 
a mill in Knightstown and conducted it as 
a partnership under the name Zion and 
Applegate four years. He then l)ought out 
his partner and conducted it alone for two 
years. The following year Mr. Zion spent 
in the gas businet^. At that time he l>e- 
came associated with Mr. H. O. Woodard, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1657 



buying the sawmill of J. T. Barnes, which 
they conducted undet the name Zion & 
Woodard from 1903 to 1911. At that date 
Mr. Zion sold out to his partner. He was 
appointed postmaster of Knightstown un- 
der President Taf t, and filled that office to 
the eminent satisfaction of all concerned 
four years. On leaving the postoffice Mr. 
Zion rejoined Mr. Woodard under the new 
firm of Woodard & Zion, and they built a 
mill and plant at their present location 
and they sell the output of this plant to 
many of the large centers in Indiana and 
Ohio, and have built up a specially large 
trade in poultry coops. Mr. Zion also has 
a fire insurance agency for the American 
Company of New Jersey. 

He first married October 20, 1883, Miss 
Mary Kitley, daughter of John Kitley of 
Marion County. Mrs. Zion was the mother 
of one child, Herbert, who died when three 
months old, and she died September 15, 
1885. For his second wife Mr. Zion mar- 
ried on October 20, 1887, Laura Newby, 
daughter of Dr. Oliver and Margaret 
(Macey) Newby of Carthage, Indiana. 
They have one daughter. Ruby M., wife 
of Mark A. Wilson, of Indianapolis. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilson have one child, George 
William. 

Mr. Zion ha« been very deeply inter- 
ested in republican politics and was a dele- 
gate to the Indiana State Convention in 
1918. He is affiliated with the Knights of 
Pythias and is a member of the Friends 
Church. 

A. G. Seiberuno, of Kokomo, is a mem- 
ber of a prominent family of manufacturers 
and business executives known all over the 
middle west, but especially at Akron, Ohio, 
where the name Seiberling is synonymous 
with a large part of the great rubber and 
other industrial enterprises which give that 
city its unique fame. 

It was on a farm in Summit County, 
Ohio, not far from Akron, that A. G. Sieb- 
erling was born January 4, 1865. His par- 
ents were Monroe and Sarah L. (Miller) 
Seiberling, both now deceased. Monroe 
Seiberling lived on a farm in Summit 
County until his thirtieth year, and after 
that took an active part in some of the 
large business enterprises controlled and 
directed by his family and associated in 
Akron. The Seiberlings had among other 
interests a controlling share in several 

Vol. IV— 7 



strawboard factories, and it was for the 
purpose of organizing the Kokomo Straw- 
board Company that Monroe Seiberling 
came to Kokomo in 1888. He was here two 
years in that business, and then promoted 
and organized the Diamond Plate Glass 
Company. In 1895, when this was ab- 
sorbed by the Pittsburg Glass Company, he 
removed to Peoria and built the plant of 
the Peoria Plate Glass Company. Five 
years later he established a similar plant 
at Ottawa, Illinois. For many years he 
was widely known for his enterprise in pro- 
moting and building large industrial con- 
cerns. Thus his name belongs in a group 
of manufacturers and business organizers 
in which men of the Seiberling name have 
long been so prominent. Monroe Seiber- 
ling was a republican, a Knight Templar 
Mason, and had a family of ten children, 
eight of whom are living. 

A. G. Seiberling grew up at Akron, at- 
tended public school there, and spent one 
term in Buchtel College. His first business 
service was as office boy with the Akron 
Strawboard Company. He was bookkeeper 
of that concern one year, and then was ap- 
pointed manager and treasurer of the Ohio 
Strawboard Company at Upper Sandusky. 
In 1887 he came to Kokomo, and was treas- 
urer of the Diamond Plate Glass Company 
until 1895. For a time he was connected 
with the Pittsburg Glass Company as gen- 
eral purchasing agent and was associated 
with his father in promoting and establish- 
ing the Peoria Rubber Company, and was 
its manager and treasurer five years. He 
was similarly connected with the plate glass 
plant at Ottawa, Illinois, but in 1905 re- 
turned to Kokomo and became secretary 
and treasurer of the Apperson Brothers 
Automobile Company. He was with that 
company 51/2 years. Since then Mr. Seib- 
erling has been general manager of the 
Haynes Automobile Company, one of the 
largest industries of its kind in Indiana. 

He is a Knight Templar and thirty-sec- 
ond degree Scottish Rite Mason, a member 
of Mohamed Temple of Peoria, Illinojs, and 
is affiliated with the Elks. He is a mem- 
ber of the Chicago Athletic Association, 
and a director of the Kokomo Chamber of 
Commerce. Mr. Seiberling is a republican 
and affiliated with the Lutheran Church. 
July 3, 1889, he married Miss Anna Tate, 
of Kokomo. 



1658 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Dr. William B. Fletcher, of Indian- 
apolis, was a man of varied attainments 
both as a physician and scientist. His life's 
work encompassed the experience of a sol- 
dier, physician, teacher, author and spe- 
cialist, and in every relation he bore his 
part well and placed his name in the front 
rank. 

Doctor Fletcher was a valuable contribu- 
tor to the State Medical Society. He re- 
ceived a high compliment in the poem * * The 
Doctor'* by James Whitcomb Riley. 

Horace Greeley Woodard is a veteran 
in the sawmill and lumber industry, being 
senior partner in the firm of Woodard & 
Zion with a plant for the manufacture of 
hardwood lumber and poultry coops at 
Ejiightstown. 

Mr. Woodard was bom at Ogden, Henry 
County, December 10, 1857, son of Thomas 
Cox and Anna (Reynolds) Woodard. He 
is of English ancestry. His father was a 
flour miller at Ogden, and later was con-, 
nected with the Eagle Mill in Henry 
County. Horace Greeley Woodard at- 
tended the public schools at Raysville and 
also the Knightstown Academy. He had 
earned his living by farm labor from an 
early age, and after leaving school worked 
as a farm hand for a year or so. Later 
for three years he had his headquarters 
at St. Louis and was employed as a freight 
brakeman and; conductor with the Mis- 
souri Pacific Railroad. Upon returning to 
Indiana he became a laborer in the saw- 
mill of Watts & Parker near Knightstown 
and was advanced to bookkeeper and fore- 
man, remaining with that mill three years. 
He then became head sawyer for a mill at 
Fairfield, Indiana, for a year. Returning 
to Knightstown, Mr. Woodard became 
member of the firm Parker & Woodard, 
and a year later formed a partnership with 
Mr. W. R. Zion. They bought the local 
mill of J. T. Barnes and conducted it un- 
der the name Zion & Woodard. Mr. Zion 
left the firm to become the Knightstown 
postmaster, but after four years he re- 
joined Mr. Woodard and the firm was reor- 
ganized as Woodard & Zion. Mr. Woodard 
also has local real estate interests. He is 
an active republican, served one term as 
supervisor of Wayne Township and was a 
member of the Eaiightstown City Council 
from 1914 to 1917. He is a charter mem- 
ber of Knightstown Camp, Modem Wood- 



men of America, and is a member of the 
Friends Church. 

In 1879 Mr. Woodard married Eliza- 
beth Newby, daughter of John T. Newby 
and Martha W. (White) Newby, of Rays- 
ville, Indiana, who later went to Iowa, 
where they both died. The Woodard chil- 
dren are: Minnie Era, now deceased; 
Edith Anna and John Earl. Edith Anna 
married Reginald Bell and they have two 
children, Miriam and Barbara. John Earl 
is by profession an architect, and is at 
present in the employ of the government. 

Charles Myron Risk is proprietor of 
the largest fancy grocery establishment 
in Knightstown, and has been a progressive 
factor in business affairs for many years. 

He is of Scotch-Irish ancestry, son of 
Joseph and Virginia (Purcell) Risk. His 
grandfather, John Risk, came from Qreat 
Britain to America when a young man and 
located in the Shenandoah Valley of Vir- 
ginia. There he reared his family. He 
was an all around mechanic. Joseph Risk, 
youngest of ten children, came to Indiana 
and settled on a farm in Rush County. 
He married at Newark, Ohio. 

Charles Myron Risk was bom on a farm 
February 16, 1864. He attended country 
schools in winter and in summer helped on 
the farm. As his years increased he bore 
larger responsibilities in handling a large 
farm of 160 or 200 acres. In 1890 Mr. 
Risk came to Knightstown and went to 
work driving a wagon for the wholesale 
grocery house of A. 0. Morris. He after- 
wards was wagon driver for other firms 
and in 1893 became clerk for Frank E. 
Tritt. In 1899 he bought an interest in 
a grocery house and since then has been 
extending and expanding his business, now 
under his sole proprietorship, until he has 
one of the best appointed grocery stores 
in Eastern Indiana. 

In 1893 Mr. Risk married Miss Susan 
McClammer, daughter of William and 
Nancy (Beeman) McClammer of Spice- 
land, Henry County. Mr. and Mrs. Risk 
have no children of their own, but they 
reared a nephew, W. H. McClammer, who 
since the spring of 1918 has been in the 
army in the Ordnance Department. Mr. 
Risk is a member of the Ejiightstown 
Lodge of Masons, having filled all its 
chairs and is also a Knight Templar. He 
is a democrat, and for many years has 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1659 



been an elder in the Bethel Presbyterian 
Church at Knightstown. 

Reginalj) L. Bell, cashier of the Citi- 
zens National Bank of Knightstown, repre- 
sents an old and prominent family of that 
locality. His grandfather, Harvey Bell, 
was born in Virginia in 1806 and came to 
Indiana in 1832. He and his family first 
located in Rush County, but in 1840 moved 
to Knightstown, where for many years 
Harvey Bell was a prominent business 
man and hardware merchant. He died in 
1886. His wife, Nancy, was born in 1809 
and died in 1842. 

Reginald L. Bell is a son of William M. 
and Adeline (Noble) Bell. His father was 
also in the hardware business at Knights- 
town, and died there an honored citizen 
in 1910. His wife passed away in 1912. 

Reginald L. Bell attended the public 
schools of Knightstown and for two years 
studied electrical engineering at Purdue 
University. After leaving coUesre he as- 
sisted his father in the hardware business 
until 1908, when he entered the services 
of the Citizens National Bank as a clerk for 
one year and then for seven years was as- 
sistant cashier, and since 1916 has been 
cashier of that old and substantial insti- 
tution. He is also one of the bank's stock- 
holders and has considerable real estate in- 
terests in and around Knightstown. 

In 1908 Mr. Bell married Miss Edith 
Woodard, daughter of Horace G. and 
Elizabeth (Newby) Woodard. To their 
marriage have been born two children, 
Miriam and Barbara. Mr. Bell is a re- 
publican, a member of the Presbyterian 
Church and is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias and the Sigma Nu fraternity 
of Purdue University. 

Bernard Gernstein. Now proprietor 
of the Gernstein Grocery Company of New- 
castle, Bernard Gernstein is one of the 
interesting American citizens of Indiana, 
coming here from a foreign land, without 
money or influence, and gradually working 
into a i)osrition where he might be inde- 
pendent and by his service as a merchant 
command the respect and esteem of an en- 
tire comm«nity. 

Mr. Gernstein was bom in Russia April 
18, 1890. He attended Hebrew schools 
and some Russian schools, and at the age 
of seventeen came to America. From New 



York City he came west to Indianapolis, 
where a brother was living. He arrived at 
Indianapolis with only three cents, and 
the first week his salary was $3.40, and out 
of that he paid $3 for board. Since then 
he has made rapid progress up the ladder 
of success. He first worked at Indianap- 
olis in the cabinet making trade at a glue 
machine, and learned cabinet making in 
all its details. After six years, having 
saved his money, he opened a grocery store 
at 1205 Kentucky Avenue, and was in 
business in Indianapolis four years. Then 
selling out he came to Newcastle and 
bought the Green Grocery Company at 
1704 I Avenue. He has made this a first 
class grocery store, and he also owns real 
estate both in Indianapolis and Newcastle. 
Mr. Gernstein is independent in politics, 
is an orthodox Jewish Zionist, and has con- 
tributed liberally to his church and other 
causes. 

Louis Dawson is an expert florist, one 
of the men who have contributed to the 
well deserved fame of Newcastle as **The 
Rose City ' ' of Indiana He has been iden- 
tified with that typical industry of New- 
castle for a number of years, and is now 
member of the firm Lindey & Dawson, one 
of the most progressive younger organiza- 
tions for the growing of fiowers and vege- 
tables under glass. 

Mr. Dawson was born in County Kent, 
Ontario, Canada, May 22, 1867, son of 
Albert and Harriet (Coatsworth) Dawson. 
He is of English and French ancestry. 
His grandfather, John Dawson, came from 
England and established the family in 
Canada. Mr. Dawson had the advantages 
of the country schools until he was four- 
teen years of age. After that he worked 
on the farm in summers and spent his win- 
ters in the lumber camps. This was his 
routine of life until about 1904, when he 
came to Newcastle and went to work for 
his uncle in the firm of Benthe & Com- 
pany and learned the florist business in 
every detail. He was with that firm ten 
years, and then established himself in busi- 
ness with Carl Lindey under the name 
Lindey & Dawson at 1519 South Seven- 
teenth Street. Both were practical men 
in greenhouse work, and they built their 
first greenhouse, 40 by 80 feet, with their 
own han^s. The following year they put 
up another house 18 by 52 feet, and in 



1658 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Dr. William B. Fletcher, of Indian- 
apolis, was a man of varied attainments 
both as a physician and scientist. His life 's 
work encompassed the experience of a sol- 
dier, physician, teacher, author and spe- 
cialist, and in every relation he bore his 
part well and placed his name in the front 
rank. 

Doctor Fletcher was a valuable contribu- 
tor to the State Medical Society. He re- 
ceived a high compliment in the poem * * The 
Doctor" by James Whitcomb Riley. 

Horace Greeley Woodard is a veteran 
in the sawmill and lumber industry, being 
senior partner in the firm of Woodard & 
Zion with a plant for the manufacture of 
hardwood lumber and poultry coops at 
Knightstown. 

Mr. Woodard was bom at Ogden, Henry 
County, December 10, 1857, son of Thomas 
Cox and Anna (Reynolds) Woodard. He 
is of English ancestry. His father was a 
flour miller at Ogden, and later was con-, 
nected with the Eagle Mill in Henry 
County. Horace Greeley Woodard at- 
tended the public schools at Raysville and 
also the Knightstown Academy. He had 
earned his living by farm labor from an 
early age, and after leaving school worked 
as a farm hand for a year or so. Later 
for three years he had his headquarters 
at St. Louis and was employed as a freight 
brakeman and; conductor with the Mis- 
souri Pacific Railroad. Upon returning to 
Indiana he became a laborer in the saw- 
mill of Watts & Parker near Knightstown 
and was advanced to bookkeeper and fore- 
man, remaining with that mill three years. 
He then became head sawyer for a mill at 
Fairfield, Indiana, for a year. Returning 
to Knightstown, Mr. Woodard became 
member of the firm Parker & Woodard, 
and a year later formed a partnership with 
Mr. W. R. Zion. They bought the local 
mill of J. T. Barnes and conducted it un- 
der the name Zion & Woodard. Mr. Zion 
left the firm to become the Knightstown 
postmaster, but after four years he re- 
joined Mr. Woodard and the firm was reor- 
ganized as Woodard & Zion. Mr. Woodard 
also has local real estate interests. He is 
an active republican, served one term as 
supervisor of Wayne Township and was a 
member of the Knightstown City Council 
from 1914 to 1917. He is a charter mem- 
ber of Knightstown Camp, Modem Wood- 



men of America, and is a member of the 
Friends Church. 

In 1879 Mr. Woodard married Eliza- 
beth Newby, daughter of John T. Newby 
and Martha W. (White) Newby, of Rays- 
ville, Indiana, who later went to Iowa, 
where they both died. The Woodard chil- 
dren are: Minnie Era, now deceased; 
Edith Anna and John Earl. Edith Anna 
married Reginald Bell and they have two 
children, Miriam and Barbara. John Earl 
is by profession an architect, and is at 
present in the employ of the government. 

Charles Myron Risk is proprietor of 
the largest fancy grocery establishment 
in Knightstown, and has been a progressive 
factor in business aflFairs for many years. 

He is of Scotch-Irish ancestry, son of 
Joseph and Virginia (Purcell) Risk. His 
grandfather, John Risk, came from Great 
Britain to America when a young man and 
located in the Shenandoah Valley of Vir- 
ginia. There he reared his family. He 
was an all around mechanic. Joseph Risk, 
youngest of ten children, came to Indiana 
and settled on a farm in Rush County. 
He married at Newark, Ohio. 

Charles Myron Risk was bom on a farm 
February 16, 1864. He attended country 
schools in winter and in summer helped on 
the farm. As his years increased he bore 
larger responsibilities in handling a large 
farm of 160 or 200 acres. In 1890 Mr. 
Risk came to Knightstown and went to 
work driving a wagon for the wholesale 
grocery house of A. 0. Morris. He after- 
wards was wagon driver for other firms 
and in 1893 became clerk for Frank E. 
Tritt. In 1899 he bought an interest in 
a grocery house and since then has been 
extending and expanding his business, now 
under his sole proprietorship, until he has 
one of the best appointed grocery stores 
in Eastern Indiana. 

In 1893 Mr. Risk married Miss Susan 
McClammer, daughter of William and 
Nancy (Beeman) McClammer of Spice- 
land, Henry County. Mr. and Mrs. Risk 
have no children of their own, but they 
reared a nephew, W. H. McClammer, who 
since the spring of 1918 has been in the 
army in the Ordnance Department. Mr. 
Risk is a member of the Knightstown 
Lodge of Masons, having filled all its 
chairs and is also a Knight Templar. He 
is a democrat, and for many years has 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1657 



buying the sawmill of J. T. Barnes, whiifh 
thev conducted under the name Zion & 
Woixiard from 1903 to liHl. At that date 
Mr. Zion sold out to his partner. He was 
appointed postmaster of Knightstown un- 
der President Taft, and tilled that office to 
the eminent satisfaction of all concerned 
four years. On leaving the postoffice Mr. 
Zion rejoined Mr. Woodard under the new 
firm of Woodard & Zion, and they built a 
mill and plant at their present location 
and they sell the output of this plant to 
many of the large centers in Indiana and 
Ohio, and have built up a specially large 
trade in poultr>' coops. Mr. Zion also has 
a fire insurance agency for the American 
Company of New Jersey. 

He first married Octolwr 20, 1883, Miss 
Mary Kitley, daughter of John Kitlcy of 
Marion County. Mrs. Zion was the mother 
of one child, Herbert, who died when three 
months old, and she died September ir>, 
1885. For his second wife Mr. Zion mar- 
ried on Octol)er 20. 1887, Laura Newby, 
daughter of Dr. Oliver and Margaret 
(Macey) Newby of Carthage, Indiana. 
They have one daughter. Ruby M.. wife 
of Mark A. Wilson, of Indianapolis. Mr. 
and Mrs. WiLson have one child, George 
William. 

Mr. Zion has been very deeply inter- 
ested in republican politics and was a dele- 
gate to the Indiana State Convention in 
1918. He is affiliated with the Knights of 
Pythias and is a member of the Friends 
Church. 

A. Q. Seiberling, of Kokomo, is a mem- 
b*»r of a prominent family of manufacturers 
and business executives known all over the 
middle west, but (^specially at Akron, Ohio, 
where the name Seiberling is synonymous 
with a large part of the great rubber and 
other industrial enterprises which give that 
city its unique fame. 

It was on a farm in Sniiimit Comity, 

Ohio, not far from Akron, that A. (i. Siel)- 

erling was born January 4, 18(3r>. His par- 

«»nts wen» Monroe and Sarah L. fMiller) 

Seiberling, l)oth n»>w (beeased. .Monroe 

S4»il>erling lived on a farm in Suininit 

County until bis thirtietli y«Mr. and after 

that took an aetive part in some ot' the 

large business enterprises mutrolliMl and 

dire*»ted bv his familv and assoriated in 

Akron. The Seiberlinfrs had among oIIpt 

interests a control ling share in several 
r»i. IV— T 



strawboard factories, and it was for the 
])urpose of organizing the Kokomo Straw- 
board (*ompany that Monroe Seiberling 
came to Kokomo in 1888. lie was here two 
years in that business, and then promoted 
and organized the Diamond Plate Glass 
Company. In 1895, when this was ab- 
sorbed by the Pittsburg Glass Company, he 
removed to Peoria and built the plant of 
the Peoria Plate <jlass (*ompany. Five 
years later he estal)lished a similar plant 
at Ottawa, Illinois. For many years he 
was widely known for his enterprise in pro- 
moting and building large industrial con- 
cerns. Thus his name belongs in a gnmp 
of manufacturers and l)usiness organizers 
in which men of tht* S(*iberling name have 
long }>een so prominent. Monroe Seit)er- 
ling was a republican, a Knight Templar 
Mason, and had a family of ten chihlren, 
eight (»f whom are living. 

A. 0. Seil)erling grew up at Akron, at- 
tended public school there, and spent one 
term in Huchtel College. His first business 
stTvice was as office boy with the Akron 
Strawboard (*ompany. He was Ixmkkeeper 
of that concern (»ne year, and then was ap- 
pointed manager and treasurer of the Ohio 
Strawl)oard Company at Cppcr Sandusky. 
In 1887 he came to Kokomo. and was treas- 
urer of the Diamond Plate (tlass Company 
until 189:1. For a time he was connected 
with the Pittsl)urg (Mass (*ompany as gen- 
eral purchasing a(?ent and was associated 
with his father in promoting and establish- 
ing the Peoria Rubber <'o:iipany, and was 
its manager and treasurer tive years. He 
was similarly connected with the plate glass 
plant at Ottawa, Fllinois. but in 19l)r> re- 
turned to Kokomo and be<*ame secretary 
and treasuHT of the Apperson Brothers 
Automobile Company. He was with that 
company 'y^ .^ years. Since then Mr. Srili- 
erling has been general manager of the 
Haynes Automobile Company, one of the 
largtNt industries of its kind in Indiana. 

He is a Knight Templar and thirty-sec- 
ond deirree Seottish Rite Mas(m, a meml>er 
of Mohamed Temple of Pi'oria. Illiin»is. and 
is affiliated with the Klks. II** is a mtMii- 
ber of tin* (*hieago Athletic Association, 
and a director of the Kokomo Chamber of 
CoiniiHTee. .Mr. Seiberlinir is a republican 
and affiliated with the LutluM-an Church. 
July :i, 1S8!), he nmrried Miss Anna Tate, 
of Kokomo. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1657 



buying the sawmill of J. T. Barnes, which 
they conducted under the name Zion & 
Woodard from 1903 to 1911. At that date 
Mr. Zion sold out to his partner. He was 
appointed postmaster of KnighUtown un- 
der President Taft, and filled that office to 
the eminent satisfaction of all concerned 
four years. On leaving the postoffiee Mr. 
Zion rejoined Mr. Woodard under the new 
firm of Woodard & Zion, and they built a 
mill and plant at their present location 
and they sell the output of this plant to 
many of the large centers in Indiana and 
Ohio, and have built up a specially large 
trade in poultry coops. Mr. Zion also has 
a fire insurance agency for the American 
Company of New Jersey. 

He first married October 20, 1883, Miss 
Mary Kitley, daughter of John Kitley of 
Marion County. Mrs. Zion was the mother 
of one child, Herbert, who died when three 
months old, and she died September 15, 
1885. For his second wife Mr. Zion mar- 
ried on October 20. 1887, Laura Newby, 
daughter of Dr. Oliver and Margaret 
(Macey) Newby of Carthage. Indiana. 
Thoy have one daughter. Ruby M.. wife 
of Mark A. Wilson, of Indianapolis. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilson have one rhild. George 
William. 

Mr. Zion has l)een V4*ry deeply inter- 
ested! in republican politics and was a dele- 
srate to the Indiana State Convention in 
Uns. He is aftiliatrd with the Knights of 
Pythias and is a nicinher of the Friends 
Churi'h. 

A. 0. Seiberlino. of Kokomo, is a mem- 
lM»r of a prominent family of nirtnufacturers 
and business executives known all over the 
middle west, but (»speeially at Akron. Ohio, 
where the name Seiberliiig is synonymous 
with a large part of the great rubber and 
other industrial enterprise's which give that 
eity its unitpie fame. 

It was on a farm in Summit Coiintv. 
Ohio, not far from Akron, that .\. (J. Sieb- 
erling was lK>rn January 4, ISfif). His par- 
ents wen* Monn)e and Sarah Is. (Miller^ 
SeiU^rling. both now dfeeaseil. Monroe 
Sei})erling live<i on a farm in Sinnmit 
County until his thirtieth year, and after 
that toi)k an active part in some nf the 
large business enterprises eontrolled and 
direettMl by his family and assoeiat«Ml ifi 
.\kn»n. The Seiberlinjrs ha<l among oth^'r 
interests a enntrollinj^ share in several 

Vol. IV — T 



strawboard factories, and it was for the 
purpose of organizing the Kokomo Straw- 
board Company that Monroe Seiberling 
came to Kokomo in 1888. He was here two 
years in that business, and then promoted 
and organized the Diamond Plate Glass 
Company. In 1895, when this was ab- 
sorbed by the Pittsburg Olass Company, he 
removed to Peoria and built the plant of 
the Peoria Plate Glass Company. Five 
years later he established a similar plant 
at Ottawa. Illinois. For many years he 
was widely known for his enterprise in pro- 
moting and building large industrial con- 
cerns. Thus his name belongs in a group 
of manufacturers and business organizers 
in which men of the Seiberling name have 
long l)een so prominent. Monroe Seiber- 
ling was a republican, a Knight Templar 
Ma.son. and had a family of ten children, 
eight of whom are living. 

A. O. Seiberling grew up at Akron, at- 
tendeti public school there, and spent one 
term in Huehtel College. His first business 
service was as office boy with the Akron 
Strawboard Company. lie was l)Ookkeeper 
of that concern one year, and then was ap- 
pointed manager and treasurer of the Ohio 
Strawboard Company at Cpper Sandusky. 
In 1887 he eame to Kokomo. and was treas- 
urer of the Diamond Plate Glass Company 
until 1895. For a time he was connected 
with the Pittsburg (Jhiss Company as gen- 
eral purchasing agent and was associated 
with his father in promoting and establish- 
ing the Peoria Rubber Company, and was 
its manager and treasurer five years. He 
was similarly connected with the plate glass 
plant at Ottawa. Illinois, but in 1905 re- 
turnetl to Kokomo and liecame secretary 
and treasurer of the Apperson Brothers 
Automobile Company. He was with that 
company 51., years. Since then Mr. Seib- 
<Tling has been g»*neral manager of the 
Haynes Automobile Company, one of the 
largest industries of its kind in Indiana. 

He is a Knight Templar and thirty-sec- 
ond degree Seottish Rite Mason, a member 
of .Mohamed Temple of Peoria. Illinois, and 
is affiliated with the Elks. He is a mem- 
ber of the Chicago Athletic Association, 
and a director of the Kokomo Chaml)er of 
Commerce. Mr. Seiberling is a republican 
and affiliated with the Lutheran Church. 
July .'^ 1889. he married Miss Anna Tate, 
of Kokomo. 



1658 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Dr. William B. Fletcher, of Indian- 
apolis, was a man of varied attainments 
both as a physician and scientist. His life's 
work encompassed the experience of a sol- 
dier, physician, teacher, author and spe- 
cialist, and in every relation he bore his 
part well and placed his name in the front 
rank. 

Doctor Fletcher was a valuable contribu- 
tor to the State Medical Society. He re- 
ceiveii a high compliment in the poem '*The 
Doctor" by James Whitcomb Riley. 

Horace Greeley Woodard is a veteran 
in the sawmill and lumber industry-, being 
senior partner in the firm of Woodard & 
Zion with a plant for the manufacture of 
hardwood lumber and poultry coops at 
Knightstown. 

Mr. Woodard was bom at Ogden, Henry 
County, December 10, 1857, son of Thomas 
Cox and Anna (Reynolds) Woodard. He 
is of English ancestry. His father was a 
flour miller at Ogden, and later was con-, 
nected with the Eagle Mill in Henrj' 
(*ountv. Horace Greelev Woodard at- 
tended the public 8oh(X)l8 at Raysville and 
also X\u* KnightKtown Acailemy. He had 
earned his living by farm labor from an 
early age. and after leaving school worked 
as a farm hand for a year or so. Later 
for thn»e years he had his headcjuarters 
at St. Louis and was employed as a freight 
brakeman and (nmductor with the Mis- 
smiri Pacific Railroad. Vpon retuniing to 
Indiana he Itecaine a lalM)rer in the saw- 
mill of Watts & Parker near Knightstown 
and was advanced to l)Ookkeeper and fore- 
man, remaining with that mill three years. 
He then l»ecame head sawyer for a mill at 
Fairfield. Indiana, for a year. Returning 
to Knightstown, Mr. Woodard became 
meml>er c^f the firm Parker & Woodard, 
and a y4»ar later fonnetl a partnership with 
Mr. W. R. Zion. They bought the local 
mill of J. T. Barnes and conducted it un- 
der the name Zion & Woo<iard. Mr. Zion 
left the finn to l)e<»ome the Knightstown 
postmaster, but after fonr years he re- 
joined Mr. Woo<lard and the firm was reor- 
gani7e<l as Woo<lanl & Zion. Mr. Woodard 
also has lo<*al real estate interests. He is 
an active republican. serve<l one term as 
RUi>ervisor of Wayne Township and was a 
memlier of the Knightstown City Council 
from 1914 to 1917. He is a charter mem- 
U*r of Knightstown Camp, Moilem Woo<l- 



men of America, and is a member of the 
Friends Church. 

In 1879 Mr. Woodard married Eliza- 
beth Newby, daughter of John T. Newby 
and Martha W. (White) Newby, of Rays- 
ville, Indiana, who later went to Iowa, 
where they both died. The Woodard chil- 
dren are: Minnie Era, now deceased; 
Edith Anna and John Earl. Edith Anna 
married Reginald Bell and they have two 
children, Miriam and Barbara. John Earl 
is by profession an architect, and is at 
present in the employ of the government. 

Charles Myron Risk is proprietor of 
the largest fancy grocery establishment 
in Knightstown, and has been a progressive 
factor in business affairs for many years. 

He is of Scotch-Irish ancestry, son of 
Joseph and Virginia (Purcell) Risk. His 
grandfather, John Risk, came from Oreat 
Britain to America when a young man and 
located in the Shenandoah Valley of Vir- 
ginia. There he reared his family. He 
was an all around mechanic. Joseph Risk, 
youngest of ten children, came to Indiana 
and settled on a farm in Rush County. 
He married at Newark, Ohio. 

Charles Myron Risk was bom on a farm 
Kebruar>' 16, 1864. He attended country 
schools in winter and in summer helped on 
the farm. As his years increased he bore 
larger responsibilities in handling a large 
farm of 160 or 200 acres. In 1890 Mr. 
Risk came to Knightstown and went to 
work driving a wagon for the wholesale 
grocery house of A. O. Morris. He after- 
wards was wagon driver for other firms 
and in 1893 l)ecame clerk for Frank E. 
Tritt. In 1899 he l)ought an interest in 
a grocer>' hou.se and since then has bc»en 
extending and expanding his business, now 
under his sole proprietorship, until he has 
one of the best appointed grocery stores 
in Ea.stern Indiana. 

In 1893 Mr. Risk married Miss Susan 
McClammer, daughter of W^illiam and 
Nancy (Beeman'^ McClammer of Spice- 
land. Henr>' County. Mr. and Mrs. Risk 
have no children of their own, but they 
reared a nephew, W. H. McClammer, who 
since the spring of 1918 has been in the 
army in the Ordnance Department. Mr. 
Risk is a member of the Knightstown 
IxHlee of Masons, having filled all its 
chairs and is also a Knight Templar. Ho 
is a democrat, and for manv vears has 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1659 



been an elder in the Bethel Preubyterian 
(*hurch at Knightatown. 

Ke/chnaij) L. Bmj., eaahier of the Citi- 
zeuii National Hank uf Knightstowu. repre- 
aentii an old and prominent family of that 
locality. His grandfather, Harvey Bell, 
was born in Virginia in 1H06 and came to 
Indiana in lb.T2. He and his family first 
Im-ated in Rush County, but in 1840 moved 
to Knightstown, where for many years 
Harvey Bell was a prominent business 
man and hardware merchant. He dietl in 
l8vS6. His wife. Nancv. was liorn in IHOI) 
and die<l in 1842. 

K4>ginald L. Bell is a son of William M. 
and Adeline (Noble) Bell. His father was 
also in the hardware business at Knights- 
town, and die<l there an honoreil citizen 
in 1910. His wife passe<l away in VJ\2, 

Reginald L. Bell attended the public 
schools of Knightstown and for two years 
studietl elwtrical engineering at Purdue 
Vnivcrsity. After leaving college he as- 
siste<i his father in the hardware business 
until liK)8, when he entered the services 
of the Citizens National Bank as a clerk for 
one vear and then for seven vears was as- 
sistant cashier, and since 1916 has l>een 
cashier of that old and sul)stantial insti- 
tution. He is also one of the bank's stoek- 
hohiers and has considerable real estate in- 
terests in and around Knightstown. 

In 11K)8 Mr. Bell married Miss Edith 
Woodard, daughter of Horace <i. and 
Elizal)eth (Newl»y) WcKnlard. To their 
marriage have been l)orn two children, 
Miriam and Barbara. Mr. Bell is a re- 
publican, a meml>er of the Pn'sbyterian 
Church and is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias and the Sigma Nu fraternity 
of Punlue Cniversity. 

lUuiNARD (jKR\stt:in. Now proprietor 
of the (iernstein (Jroc^ery Company of New- 
castle, Bernard (lernstein is one of the 
inten^sting American citizens of Indiana, 
coming here fn)in a foreign lantl. without 
money or influence, and gradually W(»rking 
into a jK»ntion where he might l>e inde- 
pendent and by his service as a merchant 
command the respect and esteem of an en- 
tire comnuinitv. 

Mr. (lernstein was l>om in Russia April 
18. IHJM). He attendetl Hebrew schools 
and some Russian scho<»ls. and at the age 
of 8eventet»n came to America. From New 



York City he came west to Indianapolis, 
where a brother was living. lie arrived at 
Indianapolis with only three cents, and 
the tirst week his salary was $3.40, and out 
of that he paid $3 for board. Since then 
he has made rapid progress up the ladder 
of success. He first worked at Indianap- 
olis in the cabinet making trade at a glue 
machine, and learned cabinet making in 
all its details. After six years, having 
saved his money, he opened a grocery store 
at 1205 Kentucky Avenue, and was in 
busini^ss in lndiana|>olis four years. Then 
selling out he came to NewH*astle and 
lM)uglit the Green Grocery Company at 
1704 1 Avenue. He has made this a first 
class gnx'ery store, and he also owns real 
estate lK)th in lndianaiK>lis and Newcastle. 
Mr. (iernstein is independent in polities, 
is an orthodo.x Jewish Zionist, and has con- 
tributed liberally to his church and other 
causes. 

lioris Dawson is an expert florist, one 
of the men who have contributed to the 
well deservetl fame of Newcastle as **The 
Rose City'' of Indiana. He has been iden- 
x\i\oi\ with that typical industry of New- 
castle for a numl>er of years, and is now 
member of the firm Lindey & Dawson, one 
of the most progressive younger organiza- 
tions for the growing of flowers and vege- 
table's under glass. 

Mr. Dawson was l)orn in County Kent, 
Ontario, Canatla, May 22, 1867. .son of 
Albert and Harriet (Coatsworth) Dawson. 
He is of English and French ancestry. 
His grandfather, John Daws^)n, came from 
England and establishe<l the family in 
<'anada. Mr. Dawson had the advantages 
of the count rv whools until he was four- 
teen years of ag<\ After that he worketl 
on the farm in summers and spent his win- 
ters in the luml>er camps. This was his 
routine of life until alH)ut 1904, when he 
came to Newcastle and went to work for 
his uncle in the Ann of Benthe & Com- 
pany and learned the florist business in 
every detail. He was with that firm ten 
years, and then established himself in busi- 
ness with Carl Lindey under the name 
Lindey & Dawson at 1519 South Seven- 
teenth Street. Both were practical men 
in greenhouse work, and they built their 
first greenhouse, 40 by 80 feet, with their 
own han^ls. The following year they put 
up another house 18 by 52 feet, and in 



1660 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1917 their third structure, 22 by 52 feet. 
They now have 5,000 square feet under 
glass. While they specialize in flowers, 
they also hav^ some part of their estab- 
lishment devoted to tomatoes, lettuce and 
spring plants. Mr. Dawson since coming 
to Newcastle has acquired some real es- 
tate interests, and is looked upon as one 
of the substantial citizens. 

In 1888 he married Miss Anna Eliza 
Cottingham, daughter of William and An- 
nie (Perkins) Cottingham of Kent, Can- 
ada. Nine children were born to their 
marriage, seven of whom are still living. 
Ruby is Mrs. Woolums, of Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, and has four children. Cleo 
Dawson is at home. Clarence is married 
and lives at Erie, Pennsylvania. Earl, 
of Newcastle, is married and has one child. 
Bertha and Carmen are still at home. Mr. 
Dawson is a socialist in politics. 

Walter Alban Tai»8Cott, of Newcastle, 
is a young bu.siness man of varied and suc- 
cessful experience, and has made an envi- 
able record during the past few years as 
manager of the Morris Five and Ten Cent 
Store at Newcastle. 

Mr. Tap8<*ott was l>orn at New Decatur, 
Alabama, Noveml)er 1. 1892, s<»ii of Wiley 
William and Ella ( Kennetly ) Tapscott. 
He is of Scotch- Irish ancestry. He ac- 
(juireii his early e<lucation in the public 
K<*ho()lH of New De<'atur, finishing the 
eighth grade at luka in Marion County, 
Illinois. At the age of sixteen he came to 
Newcastle and for a year was employed in 
the II(K>sier Kitchen Cabinet Company. 
For 2'. J years he worked with the Max- 
well-Hris<»oe Company, and then for a year 
and a half was yarcl clerk with the Lake 
Erie Railway, in 1914 Mr. Tapscott be- 
came assistant manager of the Morris Five 
and Ten Cent Store at Newcastle, and on 
January 1, 1915, was promotcil to man- 
ager, lie is a very capable executive, 
master of detail, and has not cmly carrie<l 
out the general policy of the company but 
has (lone much to increase tlie volume of 
annual shU^h thn>ugh his own ideas and 
systematic efficiency. 

In 19l:i Mr. taps«»ott marrieil Miss 
Helen Shaw, daughter of Daniel Franklin 
and Fannie i I'ttcrbach » Shaw of New- 
castle. They have two children : Joseph 
Walter. Imru in 1914. and Mar>' Alice. 
l>orn in 1916. Mr. Tai>si»ott is an inde- 



pendent voter, and he and his wife are 
members of the Church of Christ. 

Rt. Rev. Herman Joseph Alehdino. 
Many Catholic clergymen in all parts of 
the country have reverted with pleasure 
to the fact that they received their Holy 
Orders at the hands of the Bishop of the 
Fort Wayne diocese. Bishop iddering, 
whose work has been that of a great con- 
structive force in the Catholic Church of 
the middle west, both as a priest and in 
larger responsibilities for upwards of half 
a century. 

Bishop Alerding was bom in Westphalia, 
Germany, April 13, 1845, a son of B. Her- 
man and Theresa (Schrameier) Alerding. 
He was too young to remember the voyage 
which brought his parents to America and 
to a new home at Newport, Kentucky. At 
Newport he attended the parochial school 
of Corpus Christi Church. This school 
was taught in one room by one teacher, but 
there were 150 pupils. Bishop Alerding in 
preparation for his chosen career was given 
his first instruction in Latin by Rev. John 
Voll, pastor of Corpus Christi Church, and 
from 1858 until 1859 attended the Dio- 
cesan Seminary at Vincennes. The next 
year he was a student in the old St. Thomas 
Seminary at Hardstown, Kentuckv, and in 
the falK of 1860 entered St. Meinrad's 
Abbey of the Bene<lictine Fathers in Spen- 
cer County. Indiana. There under Bishop 
de St. Palais he received his Holy Orders, 
the tonsure and minor orders on September 
18, 1865, sub deaconship on June 18, 1867, 
deaconship June 21, 1867, and priesthood 
September 22, 1868. Following that for 
three years he was assistant at St. Joseph's 
Church at Terre Haute and also had charge 
of neighl>oring missions. October 18, 1871, 
he became pastor of St. Elizal>eth's Church 
at Cambridge City, where he remaineii 
until August, 1874. Here he first dis- 
tinguishe<l himsiOf as an organizer anti 
builder. He rehabilitate<l a practically dis- 
organiz^Ml parish, started it toward renewed 
prosperity, and also built church(*s at 
Knightstown and .Vewcastle. which were 
also under his charjn*. 

In the summer of 1S74 Father Alerdinsr 
was transferreii to Indianapolis as priwu- 
rator for the newly establishe<l St. Joseph's 
Seminary, and was also pastor of the con- 
gregation that worshiiied in the Seminary 
chapel. After a year the Seminary was 




^ziM^a^tJl- CiiiJii 



^/U^p tS /a-i^ 9hi<MJt. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1661 



abandoned and Father Alerdin^ was di- 
reeteil to build a new church. St. Joseph's 
Church of Indianapolis was de<licated July 
4, 1880. and he remained as its first and 
beloved pastor until 1900. 

Father Alerciinjr was consecrated Bishop 
of the Diocese of Fort Wayne November 30, 
1901, as the successor of the late lamented 
Bishop Rademacher. As administrative 
head of this diocese he has carried forward 
the work of buildin^c and extension of 
church causes, and lK)th his work and per- 
sonal character have earned him a high 
place amongr the Catholic dignitaries of 
America. 

Bishop Alerding is also well known as 
a writer, and much of the history of the 
church in Indiana has been recorded by his 
pen. In 1883 he published **A History of 
the Catholic Church in the Diocese of Vin- 
cennes." In 1907 was published his ** His- 
tory of the Diocese of Fort Wayne, a Book 
of ' Historical Reference.'* He is also 
author of **Plvmouth Rock and Mary- 
land,'' published in 1886. 

Dr. Robert X. Todd. Prominent among 
the early Indiana physicians was Dr. Rob- 
ert N. Todd, of Indianapolis. Although 
born in Kentucky, he came with his parents 
to Indiana in 1834, and in 1850 he gradu- 
ated from the Indiana Central Medical Col- 
lege, afterward practicing for a time at 
Southport. In 1869 he was chosen teacher 
of theory and practice, in which he con- 
tinued until the spring of 1874, when he 
was assigned to the same department in the 
College of Physieiaiis and Surgeons. In 
1877 he was eleeted to the chair of prin- 
cii>le kuu\ praetiec of niedieinc. which he 
<'(»ntinue<l to hold until his death. In 1870 
DcK'tor Todd was elected j)resident of the 
State Medical Society. 

J«»swiirs Wiu.iAMs is a meinber of the 
well known mercantile house of Stout & 
Willianis on Broad Street in Newcastle, 
and has been ideritiHe<l with the coninn*r- 
cial life nf the count v scat fc»r nianv vears. 

Mr. Williams was Inirn (»n a farm in 
Dudley Township c.f Ilenrv Count v in 
lsr»S. M>n of I-»«'vi an«l Barbara < Bennett i 
\Villiams. His birth o«Turred in a log 
cabin. His irrandfather. Israel, was a na- 
tive <tf Brdf«»rd Countv. Pennsvlvania. and 
married in Montgomery Count v. ()hi<». 
Susanna Hitter, a native of North Caro- 



lina. In the fall of 1836 they moved to 
Wayne County, Indiana, where Israel 
Williams followed farming until 1859, and 
after that was keeper of a toll gate. He 
died July 3, 1863, and his wife in 1878. 
Levi Williams, father of Josephus, was 
bom in Ohio October 27, 1832, and mar- 
ried in 1857 Miss Barbara Bennett. They 
had five children, three of whom grew up, 
Josephus, Benjamin F. and Ida L. 

Josephus Williams live<l on his father's 
farm to the age of fifteen. His parents 
having l)een in ill health he had to put his 
effort to good u.se in helping support his 
brother and sisters, and he worked out on 
a farm and contributed his wages to the 
family until he was twenty-five years of 
age. His first experience in merchandiz- 
ing was as an employe in the general store 
of Doctor and Mrs. Stafford at Millville. 

Mr. Williams then married Martha A. 
Young, daughter of William and Fannie 
(Stamm) Young of Blue River Township, 
Henry County. They were married in 
1885.' Mr. and Mrs.' Williams have one 
daughter, Olive Ix)uise, at home. 

In March, 1886, Mr. Williams moved to 
Newcastle and went to work for Bowman 
Brothers at 1549 Broad Street. He was 
with this old grocery and hardware house 
for ten months, and then formed a part- 
nership with Mark Davis under the name 
Davis & Williams, and l)Ought the Bow- 
man store. At the end of four years Mr. 
Davis sold his interest to F. W. Stout, thus 
forming the present firm of Stout & Wil- 
liams. They have a large business and 
trade in gro<*cries. clothing and notions. 
Mr. Williams is also ii]tereste<l in real es- 
tate and has lK»cn a man of affairs at New- 
castle for nuiny years. He served two 
terms on the City Co\ineil, from VM)6 to 
1908, and 1916 to 1918. He is a repub- 
liean. and an active member of the First 
Meth(Hlist Kpiseopal Church, which he has 
served as recording steward. 

I 
Carl S. liiNDKV. Newcastle's reputa- 
tion as **Thc Rose City'' is not only upon 
the extent of its floral industry but also 
upon the high quality of the men who have 
betMi attracted to that industry. There is 
no eitv in America that has men of more 
authoritative knowledge and skill as flor- 
ists, and one of them is Carl S. Lindey, 
who reeeive<l his expert training in his 
native countrv of Sweden, and is now as- 



1662 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



sociated with the firm of Lindey & Daw- 
son in building up one of the fine green- 
houses of Newcastle. 

Mr. Lindey was born twenty miles from 
Stockholm, Sweden, February 7, 1881, son 
of Oustave and Clara (Janson) Lindey. 
He attended the public schools of his na- 
tive land to the age of fourteen and spent 
one year in a Lutheran Academy. After 
that he worked at home, and served his 
apprenticeship in the florist business for 
four or five years on the large estate and 
in the greenhouses of Baron Hamilton. 
In 1907 h^ came to America alone, lived 
at Boston two years, and in 1909 located 
at Nc\vca.stle, where for four years he 
worked at his trade with the firm of Weil- 
and & Oelinger. florists. Two years were 
then spent in Chicago, after which he re- 
turned to Newcastle and with Mr. Dawson 
establisheil a florist business of his own 
under the firm name of Lindcv & Dawson. 

Ray May is u member of the Newcastle 
firm of Compton & May. wholesale and re- 
tail meat merchants at 1557 Broad Street. 
Mr. May has lived in Henry County most 
of his life and has had a varied and alto- 
gether successful experience? as a farmer, 
merchant and citizen. 

He was born on a fann a mile and a half 
from Newcastle in 1882, one of the five sons 
of James F. and Marj- (Whittingen) May. 
He grew up on the farm and attended 
the country sc»hools in winter and worked 
on the old homestead in the summer. In 
this way he spent the first twenty-five 
years of his life. In 1906 Mr. May came 
to Newcastle and for one vear conducted 

» 

a butcher shop on Broad and Twelfth 
streets. Illness compelled him to sell out 
his biLsiness and he recuperate*! by man- 
aging a small farm which he bought. On 
returning to Newcastle he and Earl May 
entered the hanlware business under thi* 
name Mav Brothers on Broail Street. Thev 
were partners in this enterprise five years, 
and Sir. Mav then resumed the butcher 
business as a salesman for H. A. Compton. 
After three years he bought an interest, 
and since May. 1918, the business has been 
Compton & May. 

In 1903 Mr. May marri^^l Miss Jessie 
Keever. daughter of Levi and Nancy 
(Hoover) Keever of Henrv Count v. Thev 
have two children: Harr>' A., born in 1905, 
and Howard, bom in 1907. Mr. May is a 



democrat, and is afiiliated with the Eagles, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and the Knights of Pythias. 

WiLLUM Clement Bond. While Mr. 
Bond is best known in Newcastle as a 
manufacturer, it would not be fair to him 
to speak of him solely through any one in- 
terest. He has been identified with every- 
thing in recent years for the betterment 
and upbuilding of that city, making it an 
industrial center, a city of good homes, and 
more recently a source of enlightened pa- 
triotism in national affairs. 

Mr. Bond, who is proprietor of the New- 
castle D-Handle Company, was born in 
Henry County, son of Calvin and Mary 
(Murphy) Bond. The Bonds are of 
English stoi*k and have been in America 
for many generations. The Bonds were 
settlers in Henry County 100 years ago. 
William C. is the second of three children. 
His father served as railroad agent of the 
Pennsvlvania lines in Newcastle from 
1858 to 1883. He died in 1897. The 
widowed mother is still living. 

William Clement Bond attended the 
public schools of Newcastle under Profes- 
sor Hufford. At the age of eighteen he 
went to work with the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company under his father and for 
seven years was an operator and ticket 
clerk. Following that for sixteen years he 
was in the grocery* business on Broad 
Street. Selling out his store, he organized 
a shovel factor>', known as the Newcastle 
Shovel Company. Less than a year later 
he sold his interest to his partners, and 
then established a business on his own ac- 
count known as the Newcastle D-Handle 
Company. He manufactures one type of 
handle and altogether of ash. These 
handles are shipped all over the country. 

Asi<le from this successful business Mr. 
Bond is stockholder and vice president of 
the Pan-American Bridge Company, is 
president of the Greater Newcastle Build- 
ing C«)nipany. an organization for the pur- 
[Kwe of constructing better buildings for 
factory and other industrial purposes, and 
is a dire<'tor of the First National Bank. 
He is also interested in local real estate and 
several business blocks. Mr. Bond served 
as foikl controller for Henrv Countv dur- 
ing 1917, resigning that office. 

He married Miss Mar>- Elliott, daughter 
of Stephen and Caroline Elliott of New- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1663 



ea-stle. The ElliottH located at Newcastle 
al>oiit 1820, and one of her ancestors helped 
clear away the brush and woods from the 
Public Square. Mr. and Mrs. liond have 
one child. Jean Elliott, who attt-ndeil In- 
diana Tnivcrsity. 

Mr. Bond is a republican and was one 
of the five republican m<»nd>ers of the Citv 
(;ouncil from 1910 to 1913. Durinp that 
time he ^ravc valuable service as chainnan 
of the Finance Committee and the Public 
Health Committee. He is prominent in 
Masonr>\ havinjr held all tho chairs of 
the Lmlpc. is a member of the Council and 
rommandery, and also bcloufrs to the Scot- 
tish Kite Consistory and the Mystic Shrine. 
He is a [)ast chancellor commander of the 
Kniyrhts of Pythias. 

Harry RrRRis is owner and active di- 
rector of one of Newca.stle's larjjer manu- 
facturinp establishments, the Newcastle 
Casket Company, a business which has 
.served to make Newcastle widclv known 
all over the United Stat«*s as an industrial 
center. 

Mr. Burris has had a varied and suc- 
cessful career. He is of old English and 
American ancestry. His grandfather. Dan- 
iel Burris. settletl in Fayette County. In- 
diana. His maternal grandfather Cole was 
one of the early day pork packers and also 
operated a woolen mill at Baltimore, Mar>'- 
land. 

Harr\' Burris was born in Favette 
County, Indiana, September 21. 1865. son 
of John and Sallie TCole) Burris. To the 
ape of fourteen he attended country schools 
in Fayette County. The family then moved 
to Henr\' Countv. and here he continued 
attending the public schools and later spent 
one vear in the State Nonnal School at 
Terre Haute. Mr. Burris did his first work 
as a teacher, and for f\yo vears was con- 
nei*ted with the prade<l schools of Jefferson 
Township . He also farmed for several 
years in that township. In 1904 he located 
at Ncweastle. and for two years traveled 
over this and other states as the represen- 
tative of the Pan-American Bridpe Com- 
pany of Newca.stle. He then formcfl a 
partnership with W. D. Williams and es- 
tablished the Newcastle Casket Company. 
This busin<Hw. of whi<'h Mr. Burris is now 
sole owner, manufaetures a line of easkcts 
and lininps whieh find distribution f»ver all 
the states exeept New England. Mr. Bur- 



ris is also president and treasurer and a 
director of the New Process File Company 
of Newcastle and has various other inter- 
ests. 

In 1895 he married Miss Addie J. Gar- 
man, daughter of (icorpi* and Kate (Bal- 
lard) Garman of Henry County. They 
have two children. Mary Pauline and 
Joseph C.. the latter l)orn in 1901. The 
daughter is now a student in the Indiana 
State I'liivcrsity at Bl(K)minpton. 

Mr. Burris served as a member of the 
City Council of Newcastle two terms, from 
1898 to 1902. He is a (lemwrat. and has 
been a member of various state conventions. 
For four years he was a trustee of Jeffer- 
son Township. Fraternally his affiliations 
are with the Kniphts of Pythias, the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks and 
the Masons. He and his family are mem- 
bers of the Christian Church. 

JtKSK I). Smith is pencral manaper and 
stockholder in the Pan-American Bridpe 
Company of Newcastle. He has been con- 
nected with bridpe constructing and gen- 
eral iron and steel contracting for many 
years, and is recognized as one of the force- 
ful citizens who have much to do with the 
commercial and pencral civic prosperity of 
Newcastle. 

Mr. Smith was born at Brownsville, In- 
diana. Aupust 29. 1871. He is of an old 
American family. His prandfatlrer. Ebe- 
nezer Smith, came from Abbeville Cpunty, 
South Carolina, about 1836 and was a pio- 
neer in Rush County. Indiana. He ac- 
quired and owne<l a farm of a half section 
there. Dr. J. A. Smith, father of Jesse 
T).. was one of eleven children. He pradu- 
ated from the Kentucky School of Medicine 
at Louisville, practiced two years at I^aurel, 
Imliana. and later establi.shed his home at 
Brownsville. He practiced medicine for 
over half a century in Union and Fayette 
counties, am] is now livinp retired on his 
farm in Union County. He is one of the 
highly esteemed men in that section of the 
state, not least for his long and conscien- 
tious servi<»e as a ph>'sician. Doctor Smith 
married Abigail McVicker. They had three 
ehildren. Jesse D. and two daughters. 

Jesse D. Smith attended public school at 
Brownsville, for two years was a student 
in the Central Normal College, and began 
his active career as a teacher. For three 
years he was principal of the Brownaville 



1664 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



schools. In 1897 he removed to Newcastle 
and for two years was connected with the 
school supply house of Eugene Runyan. 
Later he and Mr. Runyan and T. J. Burk 
established the Newcastle Bridge Company. 
This was in 1900, and Mr. Smith became its 
general sales agent. In 1902 he moved to 
Indianapolis and was with the Central 
States Bridge Company until 1905. Since 
then he has been general manager of the 
Pan-American Bridge Company of New- 
castle, and has much to do with the ex- 
panding success of that concern during the 
past thirteen years. This company are fab- 
ricators of structural steel for bridge and 
general building construction. They fur- 
nished the stcei for the Second National 
Bank Building at Cincinnati and for many 
other large structures. As contractors the 
firm put up the Avery Building at Peoria, 
Illinois, the plants of the Ilaynes Automo- 
bile Company and the Kokoino Steel and 
Wire Company at Kokomo, also the Max- 
well automobile plant at Newcastle. 

Mr. Smith is a director in the Citizens 
State Bank and a stockholder in the First 
National Bank. lie owns some Newcastle 
real estate and has neglected no opportu- 
nity to identify himself with every forward 
and constructive movement in his city. 

In 1891 he married Miss Elvia Idella 
Coffman, daughter of Joseph and Eliza- 
l)eth (West) Coffman of Cnion County. 
Mr. Smith is a democrat in politics. In 
1904 he was candidate for state statistician. 
For four years, from 1909 to 1913, he was 
a member of the City Council. He still re- 
tains his church membership in the Chris- 
tian I'nion Church at Bnmnsville. Mr. 
Smith is affiliated with the Newcastle 
Ixxlge of Masons and with the Loyal Order 
of Moose. 

(vKOKCiK W. L\Ni>oN is a veteran figure 
in the business and industrial life of Ko- 
komo. I)\iring Xhv past forty yrars he has 
carrictl s^me of the heaviest n»sponsibili- 
ti(^. wlietluT roust rurtive or administra- 
tive. an»l it is imt Ntniiijfc theref(»re that 
his frllow riti/eiis and associates should 
rcganl his approval and coo|>eration as 
prartirally indispensable in any colle<*tive 
forward inovfuu'nt affecting the city's wel- 
fan* or its relationship with the nation at 
large. 

Mr. I^ndon*s first connection with In- 
diana citizenship was as a teacher, an oc- 



cupation he followed both before and after 
the Civil war, in which he had a brief but 
gallant service as a soldier of the Union. 
He was born in Franklin County, near 
Columbus, Ohio, February 6, 1847, son of 
Oren and Delilah (Triplett) Landon. His 
father and grandfather were of English 
descent and were natives of New York 
State. His grandfather was a farmer and 
a local preacher of the Methodist Church. 
He died near Columbus, Ohio, at the age 
of eighty-three. Oren Landon, one of a 
family of fourteen children, was reared in 
Franklin County, Ohio, and married there 
Delilah Triplett. She was born in Virginia 
and was brought as a child to Ohio, where 
her father was a Franklin County farmer 
for many years and died at the age of 
eighty-three. Delilah was one of three 
children. In 1866 Oren Landon and fam- 
ily removed to Ligonier, Indiana, where he 
followed fanning, contracting and build- 
ing. In 1884 he moved his home to Ko- 
komo. and died in that city in 1890, at the 
age of seventy-six. His wife passed away 
in 1889, age<l seventy-two. They were 
members of the Methodist Church. Their 
children were Hannibal, Imogene, George 
W. and Eugene. 

George W. I^andon received his primary 
education in Columbus, Ohio, and was a 
student during the early part of the war 
in Otterbein University at Westerville, 
Ohio. He had also taught school a year. 
In 1864 he enlisted in Company B of the 
One Hundred and Thirty-third Ohio In- 
fantry. Though he was in the army only 
five months until discharged for disability, 
his ser\-ice was practically one continuous 
battle. His regiment at that time was sta- 
tioned in front of Petersburg during the 
siege of that city. 

On leaving the anny Mr. I^andon taught 
school at Columbus, Ohio. Ijeavenworth, 
Kansas. Muscatine, Iowa, and Lafayette, 
Indiana. For several years he was em- 
ploy cti as collector over diff«»rent states 
by the Buckeye Reaper & Mowing Machine 
Company. 

In March. 1874, Mr. landon came to 
Kokomo and formed a business conncH*tion 
that has b<*en continuous since that date. 
Nearly twenty years before, in 1855, A. F. 
Armstrong. asscM'iated with Dr. J. A. James 
and Horace Armstrong, both physicians, 
had engaged in the hardware business at 
Kokomo. In subsequent years there were 




OF 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1665 



various chanjres in the firm, and just l)C- 
fore Mr. Ijandon arrived in Kokomo the 
bu.MJneKK was known as Armstrong, Nixon 
& Company. Zimri Nixon died in March, 
1S74, und (»eorjre W. I^andon brought part 
of A. F. Armstrong's interest. The re- 
organ izeii nam*» of the firm became Ann 
strong, Pickett & Company, the partners 
being A. F. and Kdwanj A. Armstrong, 
Nathan Pickett and Ct«»f)rgt^ W. Landon. 
January 1. 1HS3, Mr. Pickett having retired 
and E. S. Hunt joining the firm, the name 
was changed to Armstrong, I^andon & Com- 
pany. On Januar>' 1. 1888, the Armstrong 
I^ndon & Hunt Co?npany was incorporated 
with A. F. Armstrong as president, E. A. 
.Armstrong, vice president, (ieorgc W. Lan- 
don, s«vn»tary, and E. S. Hunt, treasurer. 
January 1, 1SJ)8, another change occurred 
and the present corporate name was 
adopted. The Armstrong-Landon Company, 
with A. F. Armstrong, president, A. B. 
Annstrong, vice president, and George W. 
I>andon. secretary- and treasurer. On the 
death of A. F. Arm.strong Mr. liandon was 
elected president. The other officers at the 
present time are Thomas C. Howe, vice 
president, W. A. Easter, vice president, H. 
McK. Landon, .se<'retary, and 11. L. Moul- 
der, treasurer. 

The Arm.strong-Landon Company is one 
of the largest as well as one of the oldest 
corporations engaged in hanlware and 
lumber business in Northern Indiana. 
They have sold hardware and implements 
to two generations in Howard County, and 
have also operated large planing and saw 
mills, manufacturing special lines of build- 
ing proilucts, especially interior finishings, 
church seats and chairs and bank furniture. 

While this business has commanded the 
utmost fidelity of Mr. Landon for a period 
of two score years, he has bet»n identified 
with a nu?nber of other achievements and 
undertakings in IcM'al business bistor>\ 
When natural gas was discovered in 
Howard C(»unty Mr. Landon was president 
of the Kokomo Natural Gas Company and 
was a liberal sul)scril)er to the fund which 
was used to sink the first gas well in the 
i»ounty. He continueil as presidf*nt of the 
gas company until the production of nat- 
ural gas bci'ame unprofitable. He is secre- 
tary of the K(»komo Rubber Co?npany, 
which manufactures bicvcle and auto tires 
and also vice president for the past twenty- 
five years of the Citizens National Bank, 



one of the largest and strongest banks in 
Northern Indiana. Of his interests in 
benevolences and broader citizenship, the 
most notable is perhaps his active connec- 
tion with Y. M. C. A. work. He is presi- 
dent of the association of Howard County, 
and is now president of the State of In- 
diana Young Men's Christian Association. 
For manv vears he has l)een an official 
mcml>er of the Congregational Church of 
Kokomo. is a republican in politics, and is 
affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. 

October 2, 1S66, he married at Leaven- 
worth, Kansas. .Miss Emma Alice Reeves, 
iiatighter of William and Mary (McLane) 
Reev(»s. Her father was at one time a mem- 
ber of tht» Ohio Legislature. Mr. and Mrs. 
Landon have erne son and one daughter, 
Hugh .MeKcnnan and Maud. Hugh is a 
prominent business man of Indianapolis, 
was secretarv of the Manufacturers Nat- 
ural (tas Company and a director and 
treasurer of the Indianapolis Waterworks, 
and is now secretarv of the Armstrong-Lan- 
don Company. He is a graduate of And- 
over Academy and of Har\'ard University. 
He married .Miss Sus4»tte Davis, of Indian- 
apolis. Maud Land(m married Oscar Wat- 
son, of Peru, Indiana, and now of Ko- 
komo, Indiana. 

I)k. TuAnoKrs .M. Stkvt^i.vr was bom, 
reared and died in Indianapolis, and in this 
city he also attained prominence in the 
medical prof<*ssion. In 1870 he was pro- 
fessor of toxieology, medical jurisprudence 
and ehemistry in the Indiana Medical Col- 
lege, and four years later occupied the 
same chair in the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons. He was the first secretary 
and executive officer of the State Hoard 
of Health, was prominent in all reforms 
for the advancement of the profession in 
the state, and contributed a number of 
papers to the State Medical Society. 

Wnj.iAM Mendexhai.l is one of the 
most energetic and succ(»ssful insurance 
men in Indiana. He is now head of a large 
general agency, handling fire, life and other 
branches of insurance, and also has the dis- 
tinction of having organ izeil the first local 
assoi'iation to work in co-oix»ration with the 
Federal Farm Loan Act. Mr. Mendenhall 
is also S4*eretarv and treasurer of the 



1666 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Henry County Fann Loan Association, and 
has his general office and headquarters in 
the March Building at Newcastle. He was 
born near Unionport in Randolph County, 
Indiana, I)tK»ember 31, 1874, son of Nathan 
J. and Anna (Denton) Mendenhall. He 
is of Quaker English ancestry. His early 
education was acquired in the public 
schools of Unionport, Winchester and 
Trenton, Indiana, and for two years he 
studied the teachers' course in the Eastern 
Indiana Normal University. His father 
was a carpenter, and the son took up that 
trade and became a building contractor, 
doing work all over Randolph and Dela- 
ware counties in town and country for a 
period of fourteen years. 

He first entered the insurance field at 
Modoc, Randolph County, establishing 
agencies for fire and life, representing the 
(ierman-Amcriran Insurance Company of 
NVw York, the Aetna Company of Hart- 
ford, and the Nortii British of London and 
Edinburgh. He represented these com- 
panies at Modoc nine years. As the insur- 
ance company increaseil he gradually aban- 
doned his active connections with the con- 
tracting business, and also took up the han- 
dling of farm loans and mortgages. In 
August, 1915, Mr. Mendenhall came to 
Newcastle. 

In 1916, after the passage of the Federal 
Farm I^an Act, Mr. Mendenhall made a 
careful study of its provisions, and in 1917 
organ ize<l the first Federal Farm Loan 
Association in District No. 4, including the 
states of Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky and Ten- 
nessee. Through his agency was effected 
the first loan in this district and also the 
first interest payment to the Feileral Land 
Bank at I^uisville, Kentucky. Since the 
organization was completed and up to Sep- 
tember, 1918. this lo<*al asso<*iation has 
secured $400,000 in farm loans. Mr. Men- 
denhall in the insurance business represents 
the Aetna Fire of Hartford, the i'ohmial 
Fire, the Underwriters, the Scottish Union, 
the National Fire Insurance of Hartford. 
Every year his volume of business entitlcni 
him to mcinl>ership in the Pan-American 
Convention <»f Pan-American Agi»nts at 
New Orleans. 

In \^H):\ he marrie<i Miss Maud Hanscom, 
daughter of James and Elizal>eth (Stump) 
Hans<M)m. They have two children : Eliza- 
I)e!h A., born in 19<H. and Paul William, 
born in 1907. * Mr. Mendenhall is a re- 



publican, is affiliated with the Masonic 
Order and the Knights of Pythias, and is 
a member of the Christian Church. 

FiLVNK Duncan Brebuer. As one of the 
largest complete industrial plants in In- 
diana the Maxwell Motor Company has 
become one of the cornerstones of New- 
castle's prosperity and progress, and the 
general superintendent of the plant, Frank 
Duncan Brebuer, occupies a corresponding 
position of power and influence among the 
industrial leaders of the state. 

Mr. Brebuer is of Scotch ancestry, of 
a family established several generations 
ago in America, and was born at Alpena, 
Michigan, September 2, 1880. As a boy he 
attended school at Port Huron, Michigan, 
and was only fourteen years of age when 
he went to work to earn his living as a 
call boy with the Grand Trunk Railway at 
Port Huron. He was with the railway 
company three and a half years, and then 
.spent three years and three months learn- 
ing the machinist's trade with the Jenks 
Shipbuilding Company, Mr. Brebuer occu- 
pies his present position because he is an 
expert in many lines of mechanical indus- 
try, and though a young man has a vast 
fund of experience and successful executive 
work to his credit. He was employed as 
a journeyman machinist, was machinist 
with the Great Lakes Shipbuilding Com- 
pany and with other enterprises, and en- 
tered the automobile business at Port 
Huron as foreman of the axle-housing de- 
partment for the E. M. F. Automobile Com- 
pany. Later he was made general foreman 
of the entire plant, and was then assigned 
as assistant superintendent of Plant No. 3 
in the Flanders **20*' Automobile Com- 
pany at Detroit. A year later he l)ecame 
assistant superinten<lent of the United 
Motor Company at Detroit, and from that 
entere<l the service of the Maxwell Com- 
pany, l)eing made superintendent of the 
as>M»mbly plant on Oakland Avenue in De- 
troit. He had charge of all the automobile 
assembling plants for a year and a half, 
and was then transferred and made gen- 
eral superintendent of the plant on Mil- 
wauktM* Avenue seven months. In Decem- 
ber, 1916, Mr. Brebuer came to Newcastle 
as general sui)erintendent of the entire 
factor}', with 2,500 men under his super- 
vision. 

In October, 1902, at Port Huron, Michi- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1667 



jfan, he inarrietl Miss Stella May Brown, 
daughter of George W. and Meada Brown. 
They have one son, George Brown Brebuer, 
born in 1904. Mr. Brebuer is a republican, 
is a Knight Templar Mason and a mem- 
ber of Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine 
at Indianapolis, and is an Odd Fellow. His 
family attended th«» .Methodist Church. 

Hk.vj.\min F. Ntrrz is a man of wide ex- 
perience in foundry and general machine 
work and is assistant manager and is a 
stoi'kholder in the Davis Foundry Com- 
j>any at Newcastle, one of the many indus- 
tries which give charact4»r to tiuit eity. 

Mr. Netz was l>orn at .\shland. Indiana, 
April 3, 1871, son of Peter and rhcM»be 
(Pickets) Netz. He is of Gcnnan and 
^Velah ancestry. As a l>oy he attended the 
public schools of Sulphur Springs, In- 
<liana, but at the age of fourteen went to 
work for his father, a sawmill man. At 
the age of twenty-eight Mr. Netz went into 
the Southwest, Oklahoma and other sec- 
tions, and for one year worked as a jour- 
neyman carpenter. I>ater he was employed 
as an expert machinist with the Safety 
Shredder Company at Newcastle. After 
four years he joined the Newcastle 
Foundry' Company, in 1904, and served 
that business in different capacities, as 
timekeeper and foreman, until the com- 
pany was sold and reorganized as the Davis 
Foundry Company. Since then Mr. Netz 
has been assistant manager and one of the 
8to<*kholder8 of the business. He has also 
acquired some real estate interests and 
is looked upon as one of the sul)stantial 
men of this city. 

In 1903 he married Miss Catherine So- 
wash daughter of John and Susan (Mc- 
(^lelland'i Sowash of Sulphur Springs, In- 
diana. Thev have three ehildren : John 
Richard, bom in 1907: Phoebe Anna, Iwni 
in 1909; and Charles Gibson, born in 1912. 
Mr. Netz is a democrat and has l>een (piite 
active in the ranks of his party. He was a 
delegate to the Indianapolis State Con- 
vention of 1892. Fratemallv he is affil- 
iate<l with Newcastle Lo<lge of Masons, and 
with the Improveil Order of Re<l Men at 
Sulphur Springs. He and his family are 
mend>ers of the Christian Church. 

jAMf.s Ci.ARKNCE RiCHEV, of Newcastle, 
one of the able younirer business men of 
that city, is manager of the Consumers Ice 



and Fuel Company, and has been active 
and closely iH)nneeted with that line of 
business for over eight years. 

Mr. Richey is a member of an old family 
in Henrv Countv, and was bom on a farm 
in Prairie Township September 14, 1878, 
.son of Wilson \V. and Lucinda V. (Stigle- 
man) Richey. His grandfather was James 
Riehcy. who was l)om in Bedford County, 
Pcnn.sylvania, NovemlM»r 20, 1815, son of 
<»corge and Mary (Walker) Richey, the 
former a native of Pennsvlvania of Irish 
parentage, and the latter a native of Ire- 
land. George Richey died in 1841 and his , 
wife in 1H47. James Richey was one of 
Neven ehildren. had a limited education, 
learned the cabinet making trade but never 
followed it, and aU)Ut 1851 came to Henry 
Cotnitv and bou^rht 160 acres in Prairie 
Township. He l)ecame one of the pros- 
perous and succcs.sful farmers of that local- 
ity. In l8:iS he married Ann Beam, who 
was born in 1H18. To their marriage were 
lK)rn nine ehildren, Wilson W. having l)een 
born October 2, 1844. 

James Clarence Richey grew up on his 
father's farm in Prairie Township, attended 
the country .schools in winter and worked 
at home during the summer. He was also 
a student for one year in the Springport 
High School. At the age of twenty he 
went to work for the Starr Piano Company 
at Richmond, Indiana, and had charge of 
the assembling room for two years. In 
1901 he married Miss I»ttie Courtney, 
daughter of Jacob J. and Hannah E. 
(Pugh) Courtney of Prairie Township. 

On coming to Newcastle in 1902 Mr. 
Riehev went to work at $1 a dav with 
the Murphy grcM'cry house. He was there 
three years, spent one year with the Good- 
win Clothing Store and a year anil a half 
with the Hub Clothing Company. Then 
as partner with Omer Berry, he established 
the Berr>--Richey Gro<*ery Company, con- 
ducting the business on the present site of 
the Fanners Bank. At the end of six 
months he sold out, and then went into the 
iee and coal business as bookkeeper for 
James M. Ix)er. On the death of >Ir. Loer 
in January, 1912, he continue<l with the 
reorganizeil business under the name of the 
Consumers Ice and Fuel Company, and in 
May, 1918, was promoted to manager of 
that important concern. It is the largest 
artificial ice plant in Henrv County, a 
forty-one ton capacity plant. They are also 



1668 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



among the leading fuel distributors of the 
county. Mr. Richey is a democratic voter, 
is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
Loyal Order of Moose, and is a member 
of the Christian Church. 

Gboroe Washington Ruff, well known 
in Henry County business circles, is a 
member of the firm Ruff & Son, wholesale 
and retail flour, feed and grain merchants 
at Newcastle. Mr. Ruff has an interesting 
experience since he left the home farm 
in Ohio when a young man, and has made 
a success of nearly every undertaking. 

He was born on a farm of 100 acres in 
Rush Creek Township, Fairfield County, 
Ohio, October 18, 1873. He is of remote 
German ancestry. His grandfather, George 
Ruff, was bom in Hamburg, Germany. 
George W. Ruff is a son of John and Sophia 
(Strock) Ruff. His mother was also bom 
in Germany and was brought to America 
when a child. Nearlv all the members of 
the family in America have Wen farmers. 
O. W. Ruff had three brothers and four 
sisters. 

During winter times he attended country 
schools and worked on his father *s farm 
to the age of twenty-two. Then came his 
first business venture. Buying a hay baler, 
he baled hay all over Fairfield County, 
and for one season *s operation made $2,100. 
He invested that capital in a grain elevator 
at Rushville, Ohio, and managed it success- 
fully for two years, selling out and associ- 
ating himself with his brother Louis in 
building a flour mill. Ruff Brothers con- 
tinued this business four years, and selling 
out Mr. Ruff then bought an elevator at 
Amanda. Ohio, conducted it three years, 
and put mui'h of his capital into stocking 
a large ranch of 4,000 acres at North Platte, 
Nebraska. There followed two years of 
continuous drought and practically all his 
investment was swept away. Returning 
east Mr. Huff then engaged in the opera- 
tion of a flour mill at Springport. Indiana, 
for several y»»ars, an<l then traded the mill 
for a farm (»f W> acres in Ripley County. 
He still owns that farm. In June, 1914. 
Mr. Kuff and his only sr)n, Hcrschell, estah- 
lishe<i the present business at Newcastle 
under the name of Ruff & Son. They buy 
large quantities of grain all over Henry 
County and have done a very extensive 
business during the last four years. 



In 1895 Mr. Ruff married Margaret 
Huston, daughter of Alexander and Sallie 
(Murphy) Huston of Fairfleld, Ohio, Their 
only child, Herschell, was bom in 1896. 
Mr. Ruff is an independent democrat in 
politics and is affiliated with the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows at Fairfield, 
Ohio.. He and his wife are members of 
the Christian Church. 

Vaughn Wimmer is one of the leading 
business men of Newcastle, for a number 
of years was a building contractor, and is 
still interested in the development and im- 
pro^•ement of several important additions 
to Newcastle. His chief business at pres- 
ent is as a manufacturer of concrete pro- 
ducts and the handling of all classes of 
building supplies. 

Mr. Wimmer represents an old and well 
known family of Liberty township, Henry 
County. His g^ndfather, William Wim- 
mer, was bom in Liberty Township in 
1829, a son of William and Susan (Mul- 
len ) Wimmer, both of whom are natives of 
Ohio and coming to Indiana in 1820 en- 
tered Government land near the site of 
Ashland and later acquired a farm in 
Liberty Township. Susan Wimmer died in 
1840. ' In 1820, when the Wimmer family 
came to Liberty Town.ship, there were only 
four other families in that locality. Wil- 
liam Wimmer, Sr., died in 1894. William 
Wimmer, Jr., grandfather of Vaughn, 
grew up in pioneer days and had a limited 
education. He farmed for many years in 
HenrA' County and also for a time in How- 
ard County. In 1851 he married Eve 
Evans, daughter of George and Catherine 
Evans, the former a native of Virginia and 
the latter of Ohio. They . had ten chil- 
dren. 

George Wimmer, father of Vaughn, was 
lK>rn in Liberty Township in 1856, had a 
go<Kl common school education, and became 
a fanner, acquiring a i\ne tract of 160 
acn»s of land. In 1876 he married Izetta 
A. Sowash. daughter of John and Minen-'a 
Sowash. They had five children, Vaughn, 
May, Pearl, William C., and Donnetta. 

Vaughn Wimmer was bom in a log cabin 
on a farm in Liberty Township, attended 
the local schools when a boy, worked on 
the farm in summer, and at the age of 
fifteen entered Spiceland Academy and 
later 8pent four months in the Tri-State 
Normal School at Angola, Indiana. After 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1669 



this preparation he tauf^ht school in Liberty 
Tovrnship four terms, from 1897 to 190i. 
lie also spent three years learning the car- 
penter's trade with Michael L#ockwood, and 
following that for seven or eight years was 
a carpenter contractor on his own account. 
He erected a number of high grade rcai- 
dences. About that time he became inter- 
est e<l in concrete manufacture and erected 
a modem plant 33 by 132 feet in New- 
castle, where he had facilities for the man- 
ufacture of all tyi>es of concrete work and 
made somewhat of a specialty of concrete 
burial vaults. He also handles a large line 
of building supplies and is utilizing his ex- 
perience for the improvement of several 
real estate tracts. His important division 
comprises thirteen acres in Newcastle, and 
he is interested in Gilbert's Addition of 
twenty acres adjoining the corporation. 

In 1898 Mr. Wimmer married Veleda 
liawell, daughter of A. T. and Emma 
(Ooldsburj-) I^wcU of Liberty Township. 
They have one daughter, Marcella. Mr. 
Wimmer is a democrat in political affilia- 
tions. He servetl as city councilman from 
the Second Ward during 1914-15-16. re- 
signing during his last year. He also 
servetl on the Public I'tilities. Health and 
Charities committees. Mr. Wimmer is a 
member of the Quaker Church. 

Edward Campbeij. DeHoritv. During 
many years of residence in Madison County 
Edward Campbell Dellority has reached 
that enviable position where his word is 
accepted in business matters the same as a 
bond, and all his friends and acquaintances 
repose the utmost confidence in his judg- 
ment and integrity. Mr. Dellority repre- 
sents a family long prominent in business 
affairs at Elwood, and is now serving as 
president of the First National Bank, an 
institution in the founding of which both 
his father and grandfather had an active 
part and responsibility. 

Elwood is the native home of Edward 
Campbell Dellority. He was lK)rn there 
June 23, 1S74. and is of Scotch-Irish an- 
c«*str>'. His people first settled in Delaware 
on coining to America. His grandfather 
was James Madison Dellority. who was a 
man of varied talents and had abilitv and 
skill as a physician, lawyer an<i minister 
of thf» .Mfthinlist Church. He came from 
I)«*lawarc and died in Elwood in Jul v. 1890. 
His first l(K*ation was a few miles below 



Elwood. The parents of Edward C. De- 
llority were James H. and Jane Hannah 
DeHority. The fonner was a general mer- 
chant at Elwood, and in 1882 he and his 
father established the first Farmers Bank 
at the corner of Main and Anderson 
streets, and in 1892 this was reorganized 
under a national charter as the First Na- 
tional Bank. James H. DeHority was the 
first cashier and subsequently was presi- 
dent. He died April 30, 1899. 

Edward C. DeHority grew up at El- 
wood, attended the public schools, and 
from high school spent a year in Earlham 
College at Richmond, Indiana, was also a 
student in De Pauw University at Green- 
cast le. and finally for one year in Michi- 
gan University Law School at Ann Arbor. 
At the age of twenty-one he began work 
in his father's bank as collection clerk. 
Thus he has had the practical and routine 
experience in every position. Later he was 
made assistant cashier and in January, 
1899, was promoted to cashier and since 
1908 has been president as well as one of 
the large stwkholders and directors. This 
bank is an instituticm patronized by de- 
positors and other users living in three 
counties. Mr. DeHority is president of the 
Elwood Rural Savings & I^an Aasocia- 
tion, also president and director of the 
Home Ice and Coal Company of Elwood, 
and has varied investments in farms, local 
real estate and other business affairs. 

In 1898 he married Miss Myrtle Powell, 
daughter of Janu*s M. and Mary Powell of 
Lebanon, Indiana. Her father was a drug- 
gist at Lebanon. Mr. and Mrs. DeHority 
have a family of six vigorous and whole- 
some young people, the youngest not yet 
out of infancy while the oldest is a college 
boy. Edward H. was bom in 1899 and is a 
sophomore in the Indiana State University. 
Morris M. was born in 1901, Mary Jane, in 
1905, .Martha Ellen, in 1906, Dorothy Jean, 
in 1913, and Doris, in July, 1916. 

While so many interests in a business 
wav have absorbed Mr. DeHoritv *s time 
he has not neglected the public welfare. 
He served one term as school tnistee and 
in 19(M was democratic candidate in the 
Eiirhth District for Congn^ss. He led his 
ticket, but that year was not favorable to 
ilem(K*rati<* party successes anywhere in In- 
diana. .Mr. DeHoritv is affiliated with 
Khv(M)d Lodge. Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, is a mcml)er of the Knights of 



1670 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Pythias, a charter member of Lodge No. 
368, Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, and a member of the Improved Order 
of Red Men. He is a member of the In- 
diana Democratic Club at Indianapolis. 

Dr. O. W. II. Kempkr. The professional 
life of Doctor Kemper has covered a period 
of fifty years, years devoted to the uphold- 
ing of the ideals of the profession. He 
was bom in Rush County, Indiana, De- 
cember 16, 183J>, and he began the study of 
medicine in his twenty-first year. But 
after only a few weeks of study he was 
called to the colors and had the distinction 
of being present at the fii-st battle of the 
Civil war. In 1865 he located in Muncie, 
his pn*sent home. 

Doctor Kemper in the long number of 
years of his practice has gained success and 
distinction in the different fields of obstet- 
rics, medifine and surgery, and is also 
known as the historian of the Indiana me<ii- 
cal profession. He has served as treasurer 
and president of th<' Indiana State Metlical 
SiKMcty, as pn»fcssor of the history of medi- 
cine in the Indiana Medical College and 
in the Medical School of Indiana Univer- 
sity. It has been well said that Doctor 
Kemper may l>e regarded as a section of 
the great arch which unites the meiiicine 
of the early fathers with that of the pres- 
ent centurv. 

Harry A. Martin, of Newcastle, is one 
of the veterans among Indiana grain mer- 
chants and feed and food manufacturers. 
He has l>een at Newcastle nearly a quarter 
of a rentury and has built up a business 
in grain, flour manufacture, coal and other 
products that now constitutes a service for 
all of Ilenrv Countv. 

Mr. Martin is a son of rtcorge R. and 
Agnes P. {Shipley) Martin, of Scotch- 
Irish st«M'k. his a!n*estors having co?nf» out 
of County I)(»wn. Ireland. He is of Revo- 
lutionarv anc»'strv <»n lK>th sides. One an- 
restor. Alli'n Randolph, servrd as a soldier 
oil WashingtiMi's staff. There were three 
Martin brothers who came out of Ireland 
and settled i?i Philadelphia. Jacob Mar- 
tin. grn?iilfather of Harry A., was a son 
of one of th«*>e original settlers, an*! he 
serveil this eon n try in the War of 1S12. 

Harry A. Martin was born at Mount 
Vernon. Ohio. Ortober 20. 1S.V«^. He at- 
tended schfMil there, graduated from high 



school in 1877, then entered the Ohio State 
University and spent three years in the 
scientific course. He paid his way through 
college. After leaving school he went west 
to Colorado and was connected with a 
smelter company for a time. Returning 
to Mount Vernon he engaged in the mill- 
wright business under his uncle, Albert T. 
Martin, and in that capacity helped build 
flour mills all over the country. He is 
thoroughly experienced in the technical as 
well as the business side of flour manufac- 
ture. 

In 1887 Mr. Martin married Miss Laura 
K. Brittain, daughter of Dr. S. H. Brit- 
tain, of Loogootee, Indiana. They have 
two children, both sons. Clarence S. is a 
graduate of the Ohio State University with 
the Bachelor of Science degree and a di- 
ploma in forestry-. He is now a teacher 
of chemistry in the Chilli^othe, Ohio, High 
School. He married Hazel Breese, of Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, and they have one daughter, 
Dorothv Phvllis. The second son. Dean 
Arthur, born in 1891, graduated in law 
from the Colorado State University in 
Boulder, practiceil two years at Castle 
Rock, and early in the war entered actively 
upon Red Cross work, later was with the 
Young Men's Christian A.ssociation, and 
finally enlisted in a cavalry troop in Col- 
orado sent for training to Camp Kearney, 
California. He is now a member of Com- 
pany L of the One Hundred Fifty-Seventh 
Infantrj- Regiment, Fortieth Division, and 
is sergeant and company clerk. He is with 
the colors in France. 

In 1889, on leaving the mill building 
business, Mr. Martin entered milling with 
Chase T. Dawson. They built their mill 
at Odon in Daviess County, Indiana, and 
for ^y*' years conducteil the Odon Milling 
Company. Mr. Martin then sold his in- 
terest in that enterprise and in 1895 came 
to Newcastle and with his uncle, Albert T. 
Martin, built the present mill. The firm 
of Martin and Martin was in existence 
until 1912, since which time Albert T. Mar- 
tin has retire*! and left all the responsi- 
bilitv of the busin«*ss to Harry A. The 
business now consists of several depart- 
ments. They manufacture the well known 
*• White Heather'* brand of wheat flour, 
also manufacture com meal and a varied 
line of fee<ls. Formerly they shipped large 
quantities of flour to the foreign trade in 
Liverpool and Ireland. The mill is 10() 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1671 



barrel capacity. They also have a retail 
coal yard, and Mr. Martin is half o^^Tier 
of the Newcastle Elevator Company. He 
has acquired some real estate interests in 
Newcastle, and is a well recognized man 
of affairs in that city. lie votes as a re- 
publican, and has filled all the chairs in 
the local Masonic l»<l(ft\ is a member of 
the Knifrht Templar Commandery and a 
jfootl student of MasonrA' in (general. He 
is also a member of the Improveci Order 
of Red Men, and for fifteen years has l>cen 
clerk of the session and elder of the First 
Presbyterian Church. 

Ravman II. Rakkr. Youth is no bar to 
succt'ssful and substantial business achieve- 
ment, and some of the mast forceful men 
in every community have not yet passed 
their thirtieth birthday. One of these at 
Newcastle is Ray man II. Baker, who has 
had a wide experience in different lines of 
business, but is now concentrating: his en- 
tire attention upon automobile salesman- 
ship and is a meml>er of the firm Baker 
Auto Company. 

Mr. Baker was l)om Au^ist 11, 1890, in 
Monroe township, Madison County, In- 
diana, son of William and Eunice A. 
(Hunt) Baker. The Bakers have been 
Americans for many generations, and in 
earlier times they lived alon^ the Blue 
Ridpe Mountains in North Carolina. To 
the o<'cupa*tions they have furnished chiefly 
farmers and professional men. 

Ravman H. Baker seeured his earlv edu- 
cation in his li<mie district in Madison 
i'ounty, and in 1906 gra<luated from the 
eommereial cours** of the Fairmount Acad- 
emy in Grant County. He put his special 
talents and inclinations to work when he 
l>e^an tradinpr, and in a few years had cov- 
ered a large territory in «lifTcrent counties 
of Indiana as a buyer and seller of live 
st(K»k. This was his means of business 
service and earning a living until about 
1913. when he took the agency of the Max- 
well motor ear for four townships in the 
northern half of Madison County. At first 
this was in the nature of a side line to his 
«*hief busin<*ss as an implement dealer and 
hardware merchant at Alexandria, under 
the name of the Alexandria hnplement and 
Auto Company. Mr. Baker was in busi- 
ness at Alexandria thrw years, and on sell- 
um out turne<l his exclusive attention to 
automobile salesmanship. Noveml)er 25, 



1917, he bought the old established auto- 
mobile agency at Newcastle from James C. 
Newby on Rjice Street, and with his brother 
W. T. Baker organized the present Baker 
Auto Company. This company has the ex- 
clusive selling agency for the Chalmers 
and Maxwell cars over Henry County, and 
also in three townships on the western side 
of Wayne County. 

In i908 Mr. Baker married Nellie R. 
Little, daughter of James and Elizabeth 
'Abbott) Little (if Buck Creek township, 
Madiso?! County. Mrs. Baker, who died 
May 16. 1915, was the mother of three 
children. Opal. Ethel and Irene. On Feb- 
ruary 16, 1916, Mr. Baker married Grace 
Jackson, of Delaware County, daughter of 
J. F. and Laura (Williams) Jackson. Mr. 
and Mrs. Baker have two children, Cath- 
erine and Myrtle Eunice. 

Fraternally Mr. Baker is affiliated with 
the rndependent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Masonic Lodges at Alexandria. He 
belongs to the Christian Church and in pol- 
itics votes as a republican. 

JosKPii Elmer Calland has been a resi- 
dent and business man of Newcastle for a 
number of years. The people of that city 
now when bicycle, clock, gun or almost 
any other imple?nent refuses to work satis- 
factorilv take it to 129 North Main Street 
and turn it over to Mr. Calland, who is 
proprietor of the ** Everything Fixer" 
shop. . 

Mr. Calland was born on a farm in Cen- 
ter township of (treene County, Indiana, 
March 11, 1882. a son of John II. and Ce- 
lestia E. (Resler) Calland. He is of Scotch 
and Ger?nan ancestry. His grandfather, 
Robert Calland, came from Scotland when 
a l)oy, settled in Ohio and later move<l to 
Indiana and fann in Greene County. John 
H. Calland was a mechanic and a wagon 
maker, and died when his son Joseph E. 
was only ten years old. The latter because 
of the early death of his father had heavy 
responsibilities thrust upon him when un- 
der normal circumstances he would have 
been attending school. He received his 
edueation at Worthington, Indiana, to the 
eighth grade, but in the meantime had 
helped support the family by driving a de- 
livery wagon. He drove a delivers wagon 
for two years after sehool work, but being 
naturally of a mei'hanieal turn of mind he 
opencfl a small repair shop at Worthing- 



1672 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ton and was in business there for eight 
years, repairing bicycles and other imple- 
ments and tools. 

In 1908 he came to Newcastle and 
opened a shop at 1516 East Broad Street. 
Here in addition to a repair business he 
carried a stock of general sporting goods. 
A year later came a fire which entailed a 
loss of $1,500, and after that setback he be- 
came a journeyman repair man for two 
years. He spent most of his time driving 
about the country for a radius of seventy- 
five miles around Newcastle, and was prin- 
cipally employed in repairing slot ma- 
chines. Mr. Calland invented a very suc- 
cessful device used in automatic vending 
machines. In 1912 he established his pres- 
ent store at 129 North Main Street, and 
has a very successful and growing busi- 
ness, with facilities for repair work of every 
kind, and also carrying a general line of 
bicycle supplies. He also owns a half in- 
terest in the Lester and Calland Transfer 
Company, one of the largest establishments 
of its kind at Newcastle. 

Mr. Calland is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias and Loyal Order of Moose and 
has fille<l all the chairs in the Worthington 
Camp of the Modern W(K)dnien of America. 
In politicks he is a republican. 

Jc)8Ei»H R. Lkakkv is the present county 
treasurer of Henry County, and has been 
identified with official affairs and with pub- 
lic school education in that part of the 
county most of his life. 

Mr. I^eakey was born on a farm in Dud- 
ley Township of Henry County July 9, 
1858. The Leakey family were among the 
first to enter land in that township, this 
transaction identifying them with the 
county in 1821. The Leakeys are of Eng- 
lish and German ancestry, and many gen- 
erations of the family have lived in 
America. Joseph R. I^akey is a son of 
Ephraim and Catherine (Stombaugh) 
I<#eakey. Hi* was reared on a fann, at- 
tende*! country s<*h<M>l, also Spiceland 
Academy, and spt»!it the summer s<»asons 
of his l»oyhoo<l working for his father. He 
l>egan teaching in the country at an early 
age. and was in that profi^ssion steadily 
for thirty-five years, part of the time in 
the eoiintry an«l part of the time in village 
si*h(M)|s. He was prineipal of s<*h<K)ls at 
Blonntsville six years, antl also at Lisbon 
and Spieeland. In 19<>8 Mr. Leakey was 



appointed deputy county treasurer by Max 
P. Gaddis, serving two years under him 
and during 1910-11 was deputy treasurer 
under O. P. Hatfield. In 1912 the repub- 
licans nominated him for the office of 
county treasurer, but he was defeated by 
seventy-two votes. During the succe^^iing 
years Mr. Leak>' was assistant cashier in 
the Farmers Bank at Newcastle most of the 
period and also looked after his farm until 
November 1, 1914, when he was elected 
county treasurer and was re-elected for a 
second term in November, 1916. He has 
the unique distinction of being the only 
county treasurer re-elected in Henry 
County during a period of seventy-five 
years. His present term expires Decem- 
ber 31, 1919. Mr.. Leakey also owns a val- 
uable farm of eighty-seven acres and is in- 
terested in other business affairs. 

His first official service was as assessor 
of Liberty Township for two years, serving 
in that office by appointment. He is a re- 
publican, is an active member and elder 
of the Christian Church, and is affiliated 
with Newca.stle Ix>dge No. 91, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, and the Improved 
Order of Red Men. 

In AugiLst, 1893, he married iliss Ger- 
trude Hollinger, daughter of Doctor and 
Caturah (Hetsler) Hollinger of Blounts- 
\nlle. Their only son is Newton E., born 
in 1895. He was in his junior year in the 
chemical engineering department of Pur- 
due University when the war broke out. 
February 1, 1918, he enlisted in the avia- 
tion division in the spruce department, and 
was sent to Vancouver, Washington. In 
July, 1918, he was transferred to the quar- 
termaster's department, and on July 23, 
1918, was transferred to Camp Johnson, 
Florida, and commissioned as second lieu- 
tenant in charge of Supply Company 333. 
In Septemlier he was transferred to Camp 
Merritt, New Jersey, and embarked for 
Franee Octol)er 5, 1918. He was stationed 
at St. Nazaire, in the quartermaster's serv- 
ice, effects bureau department. It was 
optional with him at the signing of the 
peace negotiations whether or not he was 
to l>e diwhargetl, and he choose to serve 
the Government as long as his sen'ice was 
re<|uired. 

J. J. Carroll is proprietor of the larg- 
est plumbing and heating establishment at 
Newcastle, a business which he has rapidly 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1673 



developed and built up, and which now 
furnishes a service not only all over the 
city but throughout a surrounding terri- 
tory for a radias of thirty miles. 

Mr. Carroll has been in this line of work 
since early boyhood. He was born at In- 
dianapolis October 23, 1887, son of Charl^ 
W. and Annabelle (Oakey) Carroll. He 
is of Irish and English stock. Mr. Carroll 
attended the public schools of Indianapolis 
to the age of fourteen, and later acquired 
a knowledge of mechanical drawing by 
study in night school. At fourteen he be- 
gan his apprenticeship in the plumbing 
shop of Foley Brothers at Indianapolis. A 
year later he went on the road as a travel- 
ing worker in plumbing shops in difforeiit 
towns of Colorado, Oklahoma and Texas, 
seeing a great deal of life in the West and 
Southwest. At the end of two years he 
returned to Indianapolis and resumed his 
employment with Foley Brothers for a 
year, and for one year was with Thomas 
Barker. Out of this experience he gained 
a thorough knowledge of his trade and 
business, and in 1908 he first came to New- 
castle. Here in 1909 he married Miss 
Ethel McCormick, daughter of Richard 
and May (Stout) McCormick of Anderson. 
After -his marriage Mr. Carroll went south, 
first located at Houston, Texas, for eight 
months, again worked at Indianapolis, and 
in 1911 returned to Newcastle, and in Sep- 
tember. 1916, opened his shop at 1309 Li- 
berty Street. A year later he located at 
109 North Fourteenth Street, and in Feb- 
ruar>', 1918, came to his present location 
at 220 South Main Street. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carroll have three chil- 
dren : Marie Jean. Annabelle and Jes.se W. 
Mr. Carroll is an independent voter. He 
is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias 
and is a member of the Methodist Church. 

Ernest H. Bknoer, The place of Mr. 
Bender in business circles at Newcastle is 
as manager of the local branch of Dilling 
& Company, the well known candy manu- 
facturers of Indianapolis. Mr. Bender 
has l>een a worker since he was a boy and 
has promoted himself through his own 
abilities and industry to the responsibili- 
ties and at'hicvements of a business man. 

He was bom at Chicago. Illinois, in 1893. 
son of Kni«*st and Anna (Hoffinan'* 
Bender. His parents were natives of Ger- 



many, married there, and came to America 
with one child, Mar>'. They first located 
at Detroit. Ernest Bender, Sr., was a 
florist by trade, and for several years was 
identified with that business at Chicago. 
Later he became manager of a large busi- 
ness at Newcastle, where the family lo- 
cated in 1899. 

Ernest H. Bender began his education 
in the public schools of Newcastle, but left 
at the age of fourteen to work as veneer 
insp<»ctor with the Hoosier Kitchen Cabinet 
Company. He was there three years, then 
for a short time was operator of a drill 
press with Fairbanks. Morse & Company 
at Indianapolis, for two years drove ai 
groccrj- delivery wagon, and in 1915 en- 
tered the service of Dilling & Company, 
candy manufacturers. His first job was 
mohling chocolate bars. He was soon 
transferred to the shipping room, then to 
the oflfii'e, and in October, 1916, was sent 
to Newcastle to take charge of the New- 
ca.stle branch and office. 

Mr. Bender marrie<l in 1915 Velera 
Cain, daughter of J. I), and Mamie (Jack- 
son) Cain. Her mother is related to the 
Gen. Stonewall Jack.son family. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bender have two children: Loren 
Ernest, born in 1916, and Dorothy Eliza- 
beth, bom in 1918. Mr. Bender is an in- 
dependent in politics, a member of the 
Travelers' Protective Association, and he 
and his wife belong to the Christian 
Church. 

Cii.xRLEs Brkce Thompson, whose name 
has been identified with Newcastle as one 
of the leading men engaged in the real 
estate, loan and fire insurance business, 
has many interesting family ties to connect 
him with Henry County. 

He was bom at Sulphur* Springs in 
Henry County in 1869, a son of Joseph H. 
and Sarah Ann (Yast) Thompson. His 
maternal grandfather. William S. Yost, 
was bom in Rockingham County, Virginia, 
in 1802. and married in 1824 Mar>' Cath- 
erine Weaver, who was born in the same 
Virginia county in 1800. In order to es- 
cape conditions of slaverj* William S. Yost 
left his native state and moved to Ohio in 
1840, and soon afterward came to Henry 
Countv and was the most influential man 
in establishing the Village of Sulphur 
Springs. He served as the first postmas- 



xoi. nr-t 



1674 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ter there, from 1844 until 1848, and held 
the office again for six years. He also 
started the first eountr\' store. William 
S. Yost died in 1863 and his wife in 1870. 

Joseph IL Thompson, who married a 
daughter of William S. Yost, was bom at 
Middletown in Henrv Countv April 17, 
1841, and died October 18, 1893. During 
the Civil war he enlisted in Company G 
of the Eighty-Fourth Indiana InfantrA-, 
having assisted in raising the company, and 
became a private in tlie ranks August 21, 
1862. Later he was made quartermaster 
sergeant and was with his regiment until 
mustered out June 14. 1865. He was once 
taken prisoner, but was soon paroled. It 
was during his army service that he mar- 
ried Miss Yost on December 27, 1863. For 
many years after the war Joseph II. 
Thompson was engaged in the drug busi- 
ness at Sulphur Springs. He was a good 
business man and a res|H»cted leader in his 
community. He and his wife had tive 
children : William K., (Jeorge C, Charles 
B., Claudia M. and John R. 

Mrs. Sarah A. Th(»mpson is still living 
and enjoying go<Ki health. 

Charlt»s Bruce Thompson received his 
early educaticm at Sulphur Springs and in 
the Spiceland Academy. At the age of 
twenty he went to work for his father, and 
when the latter die<l in 1893 he took over 
the business and continue<l it until 1906. 
Selling out he then came to Newcastle and 
established his first office in the Burr Build- 
ing, where he is tOiiay. Since then he has 
successfully handled real estate and loans, 
and represents wmie of the best known 
fire insurance companies and has extended 
their business to a large volume all over 
Henry County. Mr. Thompson is greatly 
inten»sted in cv»Ty thing that makes for 
the lH»ttermcnt and upbuilding of New- 
rastlf and virjnity. He tloes a large busi- 
ness in buying and willing town property. 

In IMM) he marrie<l .Miss Maude Edle- 
nian. daughter of Ri(*hard Johnson and 
Eleanor ((Jriffith* Kdle?nan. Their son 
Iva?i Blai?ic. born in 1.^92. ?narric«i in 1914 
(trolla Norto?!, daughter of William and 
J(>Ht»phiiu- Smith' Norton of Alexandria, 
Indiana. They hav«» one ehihl, Mar>* 
Ijouise. lM»rn in 191.'). Jcmeph Richard. l>orn 
August 16. lS9r), marrie<l in 1917 Grace 
M. .Swe<»ncy, of Ia^s Angeles, (*alifornia. 

Mr. ThoinfMon is an active republican. 
He has sen*e<l as secretarv* of the Countv 



Republican Committee. He is a Knight 
of Pythias and a member of the Christian 
Church. 

Ben H.wens was first elected to the office 
of city clerk of Kokomo on the score of 
his business qualifications and knowledge 
and experience as an expert ac<*ountant. 
He has been elected three consecutive tenns, 
and today no one has a more thorough and 
accurate knowledge of municipal affairs 
of Kokomo than Mr. Havens. He has made 
his office a model of efficiency, has that 
courtesy and sense of obligation which 
eliminates the conventional official atmos- 
phere and makes transactions in the 
clerk's office a matter of convenience and 
pleasure. The people have seen fit to con- 
tinue Mr. Havens in office so long that his 
tenure is no longer a matter of party suc- 
cess but is to be decided entirely by his 
personal wishes in the matter. 

Mr. Havens was bom July 28, 1878, in 
Rush County, Indiana, son of Henry C. 
and Ann R. (Grewell) Havens. His father 
and his g^nd father were both natives of 
Rush County and both were farmers by 
oi'cupation. They were men of model citi- 
zenship, and contributed much from their 
lives to the advancement of their locality. 
Henr>- C. Havens lived for many years in 
Howard County. 

Ben Havens received his early education 
in the public schools of Kokomo, g^raduat- 
ing with the class of 1897. He began his 
career in the lumber business, and for ten 
years was connected with the firm of 
Blanchard, Carlisle & Company. For three 
years he was also bookkeeper for the Pa- 
trolenm H<x)p Company. It was from those 
business duties that he was called when 
elected city clerk of Kokomo. Mr. Havens 
is a loyal member of the republican party, 
has served eight years as county chainqan, 
hut his citizenship is by no means based 
on party loyalty, but makes him a cooper- 
ating factor in every movement for the gen- 
eral welfare. 

Mary Wright Plimmer. As a contribu- 
tor to various |>erirKlicals and as an author 
antl librarian Mary Wright Plummer has 
won distinction among Indianans. She was 
)K)rn at Richmond, Indiana, a daughter of 
J(mathan W. and Hannah A. Plummer. 
She was a student at Wellesley and Colum- 
bia, and has since been prominently 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1675 



ciated with library and literary work. She 
served as a United States delegate to the 
International Congress of Libraries, Paris, 
1900, and is a member of the prominent 
library clubs and associations. Since 1911 
she has been principal of the Library 
School of the New York Public Library. 

Hiram Lyman Smith has been a New- 
castle business man for a number of years 
and is proprietor and head of a large pro- 
vision house at 202 South Fourteenth 
Street. 

Mr. Smith was bom at Eyota, Minnesota, 
April 4, 1875, a son of J. C. and Leila 
May (Wright) Smith. He is of English 
stock, his ancestors having first located in 
New York State. His parents moved out 
to the Minnesota frontier, but subsequently 
returned east, and when Hiram L. Smith 
was ten years of age located at Cleveland, 
Tennessee. The latter acquired his edu- 
cation in the common and high schools, 
and at the age of seventeen entered busi- 
ness. He also went to work for his father 
in a dry goods store, and for seven years 
was employed in that capacity at Bowl- 
ing Green, Tennessee. About twenty years 
ago the family removed to Newcastle, In- 
diana, where his father opened a dry goods 
store on Broad Street. After two years 
with his father Hiram L. Smith entered 
the grocery business for himself on North 
Fourteenth Street. Two years later he 
moved to 1426 Broad Street, and was there 
until 1912. During the next two seasons 
he represented the distribution of the Max- 
well Automobile at Newcastle and Ander- 
son, but then returned to the grocery busi- 
ness at 802 South Fourteenth Street, where 
he had his store until July 1, 1918, when 
he moved to his present location at 202 
South Fourteenth Street. 

Mr. Smith married at Anderson in 1900 
Leotta May Hudson, daughter of Reville 
and May Hudson. Mr. Smith is a dem- 
ocrat, is aflSliated with the Royal Arch and 
Council degree of Masonry, and is also a 
member of the Improved Order of Red Men 
and the Modern Woodmen of America. 

Frederick John Pope is not an old man 
but he is a veteran in the service of the 
express business, and it was his long stand- 
ing and successful and efficient record that 
retained him under the new dispensation 
by which the larger express companies have 
been consolidated under the direction of 



the Federal Government and now operated 
as the American Railway Express Com- 
pany. Mr. Pope has the management of 
this company at Newcastle, and came to 
this city after a number of years of serv- 
ice at Indianapolis. 

He was born at Indianapolis November 
8, 1882, a son of Christian V. and Elizabeth 
(Laatz) Pope. He is of German ancestry. 
His grandfather Pope came from Germany 
and settled on a farm near Mohawk, In- 
diana, and spent the rest of his days there. 
Christian F. Pope was bom on that farm, 
but at the age of eighteen moved to In- 
dianapolis and entered business as a mer- 
chant. He developed and built up the 
Pope dry goods business of that city, but 
he is now retired and he and his wife re- 
side at Indianapolis. F. J. Pope has a 
younger brother, Raymond W., who is mar- 
ried and lives in Indianapolis. 

Frederick John Pope was educated in 
the public schools of Indianapolis, graduat- 
ing from the Manual Training High School 
in 1902. Since then his service has been 
continuous with the express business. He 
first was a wagon driver four years with 
the Adams Express Company at 35 South 
Meridian Street, Indianapolis. He was then 
promoted to assistant cashier in the Union 
Station oflSce of that company for two 
years, following which he accepted a posi- 
tion with the American Express Company 
as clerk in the uptown oflSce one year. For 
three years he was assistant cashier of 
this company at the Union Station, and was 
then returned to the uptown oflSce as gen- 
eral correspondent. With those duties he 
was identified until May 1, 1918, when he 
was transferred to Newcastle as agent and 
manager of the American Express Com- 
pany's business in that city. Two months 
later he was appointed manager of the 
Newcastle business of the American Rail- 
way Express Company. 

In 1904 Mr. Pope married Clara Brink- 
man, daughter of Frank and Wilma (Hol- 
ler) Brinkman of Indianapolis. They have 
one son, Kenneth Frank, born in 1905. 
Mr. Pope is a republican and is affiliated 
with Ancient Landmark Lodge No. 319, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, at In- 
dianapolis. He and his wife are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Trevor D. Wright is the responsible 
executive carrying on a business that was 
established at Newcastle more than thirty 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1675 



oiated with librar>' and literary work. She 
served as a I'nited State« delefirate to the 
International CongrenH of LibrarieH, Paris, 
19(K), and is a member of the prominent 
library elulm and aasoeiations. Sinee 1911 
she has l)een principal of the Library 
Si»hool of the New York Public Library. 

Hiram Lyman Smith has l>een a New- 
castle business man for a number of years 
and is proprietor and head of a large pro- 
vision house at 202 South Fourteenth 
Street. 

Mr. Smith was born at Eyota, Minnesota, 
April 4, 1875, a wm of J. (\ and Leila 
May (Wright) Smith. He is of English 
st(K*k, his ancestors having first loi»ated in 
New York State. His parents moveti out 
to the Minnesota frontier, but sul>se<|uently 
retumeil east, and when Hiram L. Smith 
was ten years of age Iwateii at Cleveland, 
Tennessee. The latter acquiretl his edu- 
cation in the common and high schools, 
and at the age of seventeen entered busi- 
ness. He also went to work for his father 
in a dry goods store, and for seven years 
was employed in that capacity at Bowl- 
ing Green, Tennessee. About twenty years 
ago the family removed to Newcastle, In- 
diana, where his father opened a dr>' goods 
store on Broad Street. After two years 
with his father Hiram L. Smith entere<l 
the gro<*er>' business for himself on North 
Fourteenth Stre<»t. Two vears later he 
moved to 1426 Broad Street, and was there 
until 1912. During the next two seasons 
he representeil the distribution of the Max- 
well Automobile at .Newcastle and Ander- 
son, but then returne<l to the grocery busi- 
ness at 802 S<mth Fourteenth Street, where 
h4» had his store until July 1. 1918, when 
he movi^l to his present lo<*ation at 202 
S<»uth Fourteenth Street. 

Mr. Smith ?narried at Anderson in 1900 
Leotta May Hudson, (laughter of Reville 
and .May Hudson. Mr. Smith is a dem- 
fM-rat. is affiliated with the Royal Arch and 
<'ouncil degree of Masonry, and is also a 
mendM»r of the Improve<l C)rder of Red Men 
and the .MtKlern Woo<l?nen of America. 

FRKHFRirK Joii.v Pope is not an old man 
but he is a veteran in the service of the 
express business, and it was his long stand- 
ing and successful and efficient re<*ord that 
retaine<l him under the new dispensation 
by which tlic larger express companies have 
been consolidateti under the direction of 



the Fcileral Government and now operated 
as the American Railway Express Com- 
pany. Mr. Pope has the management of 
this company at Newcastle, and came to 
this city after a number of years of serv- 
ice at Indianapolis. 

He was born at Lidianapolis November 
8, 1882, a son of Christian F. and Elizabeth 
(I^aatz) Pope. He is of German ancestry. 
His grandfather Pope came from Germany 
and settle<l on a farm near Mohawk, In- 
diana, and spent the rest of his days there. 
Christian F. Pope was born on that farm, 
but at the age of eighteen moved to In- 
dianapolis and entered business as a mer- 
chant. He developed and built up the 
Pope dry gocnls business of that city, but 
he is now retiretl and he and his wife re- 
side at Indianapolis. F. J. Pope has a 
younger brother, Raymond W., who is mar- 
ried and lives in Indianapolis. 

Frederick .John Pope was educated in 
the public schools of Indianapolis, graduat- 
ing from the Manual Training High School 
in 11H)2. Since then his service has been 
continuous with the express business. He 
first was a wagon driver four years with 
the Adams Express Company at 35 South 
Meridian Street, Indianapolis. He was then 
promoted to assistant cashier in the Cnion 
Station office of that company for two 
rears, following which he accepte<l a posi- 
tion with the American Express Company 
as clerk in the uptown office one year. For 
three years he was a.ssistant cashier of 
this company at the Cnion Station, and was 
then returnetl to the uptown office as gen- 
eral correspondent. With those duties he 
was identifie<l until May 1. 1918, when he 
was transferred to Newcastle as agent and 
manager of the American Express Com- 
pany's business in that city. Two months 
later he was appointed manager of the 
Newcastle business of the American Rail- 
way Express Company. 

In 1904 Mr. Pope married Clara Brink- 
man, daughter of Frank and Wilma (Hol- 
ler) Brinkman of Indianapolis. They have 
one son, Kenneth Frank, born in 1905. 
Mr. Pope is a republican and is affiliate 
with Ancient Landmark I-iodge No. 319, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, at In- 
dianapolis. He and his wife are memlwrs 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Trkvor D. Wbioht is the responsible 
executive carrying on a buainess that was 
established at NeweasUe more than thirty 



1676 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



years ago under the name of Wright Broth- 
ers, grocers. 

The Wright family is of English ancestry 
and they were early settlers in South- 
em Ohio. The grandfather of the present 
generation was at one time a dry goods 
merchant at Cincinnati. John D. and Tre- 
vor Wright came to Newcastle in 1885, 
and under the name of Wright Brothers 
bought out the old established grocery house 
of Samuel Arnold on Broad Street. They 
occupied that old location for a number 
of years, and the site is now where the 
Citizens State Bank stands. From that 
location they moved to 1200 Broad Street, 
where the business is today. From that 
Wright died some years ago, and his 
brother Trevor F. conducted the store for 
several years and then sold his share to 
Mrs. Cora Davis Wright, widow of John 
D. Wright. 

Trevor I). Wright was born February 
6, 1885, son of John D. and Cora Davis 
Wright, and during his boyhood attended 
the grammar and high schools at Newcastle. 
In 1898 he went to work as errand boy in 
his father's store, and his experience com- 
prises every detail of the business. At 
the death of his father he took the manage- 
ment, and is handling the enterprise very 
successfully. The firm does a large busi- 
ness both in country and town, some of 
its custom coming from a distance of 
twelve miles from Newcastle. 

Mr. Wright is a bachelor. He is one of 
six children. Ills sister Barbara Alma is 
bookkeeper and cashier of the store. Mr. 
Wright is affiliated with the Elks, Knights 
of Pythias and Masonic Lodge at Newcastle, 
and is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. 

Martin L. Koons, president of the Henr>' 
County Building and Ijoan Association, is 
a lawyer by profession, and is a descend- 
ant of one of the old and prominent Quaker 
families of Eastern Indiana. 

His American ancestry goes l>aek to Da- 
vault Koons. a native of Pennsylvania. He 
marrietl S>uftan Dicks, a native of Germany. 
One of their three sons was Gasper Koons, 
who was l>om in Pennsylvania November 
8. IT.*)?*. He was twice marrie<l. his 8e<*ond 
wife lieing Abigail, a school teacher, and 
a dauirhter of Jeremiah and Rachel Pickett. 
The Picketts were devout Friends or 
Quakers. 



About 1800 Gasper Koons took his family 
from Pennsylvania to NorUi Carolina, and 
in the fall of 1808 they led the way from 
North Carolina and after six weeks of 
travel by pioneer routes and conveyances 
arrived in Wayne County, Indiana. Here 
Gasper Koons and family found them- 
selves in congenial surroundings, since 
many of the first settlers there were active 
Friends. Gasper Koons died November 
8, 1820, and his widow in 1850, at the age 
oif seventy-eight. They had twelve chil- 
dren, nine sons and three daughters. 

Joseph Koons, seventh son of Gasper 
and Abigail (Pickett) Koons, was born on 
a farm southeast of Richmond, Indiana, 
Februar>' 17, 1811. He was a farmer but 
was also widely known as an expert ax 
maker. He died November 10, 1878. 
Joseph Koons married Lucinda Ray in 
1834. She was a daughter qI Thomas and 
Martha Ray, a family that came from Vir- 
ginia and were identified with the early 
settlement of Henry County. Lucinda Ray 
Koons died November 21, 1880. Both 
were lifelong adherents of the Quaker 
Church. They had ten children. 

Joseph Koons was the grandfather of 
Martin L. Koons. The latter was bom on 
a farm in Henry County June 2, 1875, son 
of Pleasant M. and Louisa (Bookout) 
Koons. Martin L. Koons grew up on a 
farm, attended country schools, also school 
at Mooreland, and at the age of seventeen 
took up the study of law with James and 
William A. Brown, composing the firm of 
Brown & Brown at Newcastle. He was 
with that firm diligently studying for three 
and a half years. For one year he was 
with Meredith & Meredith, attorneys and 
abstractors, at Muncie. On September 6, 
1897, Mr. Koons returned to Newcastle, 
was admitted to the bar, and for ten years 
carrieil on a large practice in probate and 
real estate title law. On April 1, 1903, he 
was elected secretary of the Henrj' County 
Building and Loan Association, at first per- 
forming his duties in his own law office. 
Later he was with the company in the 
Koons-Bond Building for three years, and 
then erected the building in which the com- 
pany has its headquarters, and he has been 
located there since 1910. Mr. Koons was 
elected president of the companv April 
1, 1917. 

He is also a stockholder and director 
in the First National Bank and the Central 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1677 



Trust Company of Newcastle, and looks 
after a large volume of real estate. He 
handles the local interests of Maj.-Gen. 
Omar Bundy at Newcastle, and also man- 
ages a number of trust funds. 

February 3, 1897, Mr. Koons married 
Nora li. Moore, daughter of Cornelius M. 
and Elizabeth (Shonk) Moore of New- 
castle. They had four children : Fred M., 
boni Dwenlber 1, 1897; Paul M., born 
October 6, IIKK); Mabel Louise a^d Ann 
Claire. 

Mr. Koons has accepted those duties and 
resi>onsibilitieH that come to the public spir- 
ited citizen. In 1913, at the urging of his 
friends, he accepted a plaice on the repub- 
lican ticket as candidate for mayor of New- 
castle, and lost the election by only seventy- 
two votes. In 1914 he was elected by the 
City Council as a member of the lioard of 
School Trustees, and was re-elected in 
1917. Mr. Koons is affiliated with the 
.Masonic Order, the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks and Knights of 
Pythias, and attends worship in the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Gkorge Hasty Smith, M. D., a spoiMalist 
whose work is limited to the eye. ear. nose 
and throat, is one of the progressive group 
of physicians and surgeons of Newca*»tle 
who organizetl and incorporate<i the New- 
ciistle dinic, an institution that serves 
many of the purfMwes of the public hos- 
pital and is housetl in a modem buihling 
of its own. with cfpiipment and facilities 
that are the equal of any found in the 
largest hospitals of the countr>\ IXoctor 
Smith is setTctary of the rlini«* and has 
an active part in its work in ad<lition to 
his private practice. 

Doctor Smith is a son of Dr. Kol)ert An- 
dcrs«»n and Mary Jane ( Evans ) Smith. His 
urandparent were Isaac M. and Catherine 
Smith. l>oth natives of Ohio. Ilis grand- 
father migrated from Preble County. Ohio, 
to I{anco(*k County, Indiana, in \Mi) and 
cleansl up a tract of land in Brown Town- 
ship. At the age of s<»venty years he sold 
his farm and move<l to (tarnett, Kan^ws. 
where he iNUight another fann and livetl 
until his death in WH), at the age of eighty 

yCHTN. 

TIm» late Hiibei^ A. Smith was one of the 
prntnimnt physicians of Henry i'ounty for 
many \ears. Ut* was lM>rn in Hancock 
4'ou»it>. Indiana. April 13, 1S43, and his 



early life was spent on a farm. He missed 
many of the advantages given even to 
country boys of this generation. In 1861, 
at the outbreak of the Civil war, he enlisted 
in Company A of the Fifty-seventh In- 
diana Infantry, under Capt Robert Alli- 
son. He was in the battles of Shiloh, Stone 
River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, 
Kesaca, Kenesaw Mountain and many oth- 
ers, including the battle of Nashville in 
December, 1864. He was wounded and 
disable<l, and recommended for discharge, 
but refused to accept this discharge and 
spent the last months of the war as an 
onlerly for General Wood. He was mus- 
tered out with the rank of color sergeant 
in 1865. In the fall of 1866 he took up the 
study of medicine under Dr. II. 8. Cun- 
ningham at Indianapolis, and two years 
later entered the Physio-Medical Institute 
'of Cincinnati, where he graduated in 1870. 
He began practice in Henry County at 
Grant City, and seven years later moved 
to Greensboro, where he was accorded all 
the business his time and energies allowed 
him to handle, and remained an honored 
resident and physician of that locality until 
his death in 1913. He was a member of all 
the leading medical HOi*ieties, was a repub- 
lican in politics and was a member of the 
S<H'iety of Friends. April 9, 1868, he mar- 
rie<l Mary J. Kvans, daughter of Thomas 
J. and Jane Kvans, who were of Welsh 
anc«»stry. Mrs. R. A. S?nith, who died in 
IJKK), was also a physician of many years 
experient'c and had l>een educated in Dw- 
t<»r Traul's ScIhk»1 of New York. Dr. R. 
A. Smith and wife had three children : 
Katie K., (icorge H. and Nettie E. 

(i<»orge Hasty Smith was Iwrn at Grant 
City, Indiana, in 1H73. and rei»eived his 
early education in the public schools of 
(fret»nsl)oro, spent thrw years and gra<lu- 
ate<l in 1893 from the Spiceland Academy, 
and during 1894-95 was a student in Val- 
paraiso Cniversity and in the latter year 
enteretl the Physo-Medical College of In- 
dianpolis, fn»m which he graduated in 1898. 
The following four years he practiced mwli- 
cine at (tn*ensl>oro with his father. In 1902 
he entered the Illinois Medical <'ollege at 
Chicago from which he receivetl his M. D. 
degree in 19CKJ. r)o<*tor S?nith was a res- 
ident physician of Knightstown for eight 
years, handlintr a general pnictice. With a 
view to relieving himself of some of the 
heavy and continuous burdens of general 



1678 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



practice he went to New York City, took 
work in the New York Eye and Ear In- 
firmary and in Knapp*s Ophthalmic and 
Aural Institute, and part of the time was 
clinical assistant there. In 1914 he re- 
turned to Newcastle and has since been giv- 
ing all his time to practice as ear, eye and 
throat specialist. He was associated with 
the other local physicians in establishing 
and in corporating the Newcastle Clinic, of 
which he is secretary and treasurer. 

Doctor Smith is a member of the County 
Medical Society, which he has served as 
secretary, for two years was secretary of 
the District Medical Association, and is a 
member of the Indiana and American Med- 
ical associations. He was elected and 
served from 1898 to 1900 as coroner of 
Henry County, but declined to become a 
candidate for re-election. He is a repub- 
lican, a Knight Templar Mason at New- 
castle, is also affiliateii with the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks and Knights 
of Pythias, and is a member of the New- 
castle Country Club and the Friends 
Church. 

In 1895 I)o4*tor Smith married Laura 
Cook, daughter of Seth and Minerva 
(Hiatt) Cook of Greensboro. Mrs. Smith 
died in 1905, leaving three children, who 
are still living. In 1908 Dm'tor Smith 
married Anne Cunningham, daughter of 
Dr. John C. Cunningham of Crawfords- 
ville, Indiana. By his second marriage 
Doctor Smith has one child. 

Henry Kahn is the founder ami presi- 
dent of the Kahn Tailoring Company of 
Indianapolis, a business that has l)een de- 
veloped under his personal super\'ision now 
for m(»n» than thirty years, and is one of 
the largest and most substantial establish- 
ments of its kind in Indiana. 

A native of Indiana, and of a family of 
busine*vs men. Henry Kahn was bom at 
BI(M.miii}.ton March in. l^iyi). His father, 
Isaae Kahn. was born in Alsaee. France, 
in <)et(»lK»r 1S29. and at the age of fifteen, 
in 1S44, riiuw to the I'nited States and lo- 
cated at HliMtniJDgton, Indiana. He was 
one of the pioneer inerehants of that city, 
devehip«Mi a htrge and exten*4ive tra<le, and 
remainnl then' on the a<*tive list until 1S66. 
That year he brouvrht his family to Indian- 
a|N)lis and lived retinal until his death in 
September. 1x87. In IS.IG Isaac Kahn mar- 
ried Miss lielle Hirs<»h. She was l>om in 



Paris, France, a daughter of Nathan and 
Clara Hirsch. There were three children 
of this union, Clementine, Cora and Henrj-. 
The mother died in 1886, and both parents 
are now at rest in Indianapolis. 

Henry Kahn was six years old when his 
parents c^une to Indianapolis, and in this 
city he grew to manhood and gained his 
education. His work in the public schools 
was supplemented by a course in Butler 
College^ Then followed a varied routine 
of employment giving him much expe- 
rience, so that he was well qualified for 
executive responsibilities when in 1886 he 
entered merchandising. He has g^ven the 
closest attention to all the details of a pros- 
pering enterprise, and is thoroughly 
skilled in all departments of merchant tail- 
oring and many of his oldest and most 
regular customers are also among his clos- 
est friends. 

June 4, 1884, Mr. Kahn married Miss 
Sara Lang, daughter of Abraham and 
Rosa (Guggenheim) Lang. Her parents 
came to Indianapolis in 1870. Mr. and 
Mrs. Kahn have one daughter, Claribel. 
She is a cultured young woman, a grad- 
uate of Vassar College, and is now the 
wife of Mortimer C. Furscott, seeretarj- 
of the Kahn Tailoring Company, of In- 
dianapolis. In politics Mr. Kahn is a re- 
publican but has never manifested any de- 
sire to hold public office. 

C.\S8ELM.vN Lee Brixe came to Elwood 
when this was one of the important indus- 
trial centers of the natural gas district in 
Ea.stern Indiana, and his first service here 
was with one of the old glass companies. 
For the past twenty years, however, he has 
been in the lumber business and is proprie- 
tor of the Heffner Lum!)er & Coal Com- 
pany, with which he beg^n a number of 
years ago as an employe. 

Mr. Bruce was bom in Allegheny 
County, Pennsylvania, in 1874. He is of 
Scotch ancestry, and a son of Charles J. 
und Phoebe (^Shnnies) Bniee. His people 
during the many generations they have 
U^n in America have Ix^en chiefly farmers 
and merchants. His father diet! in Penn- 
svlvania in 1885 and his mother in 1887. 
Mr. C. L. Bruce had one brother and five 
sisters. 

He was >>orn on a farm and as a farm 
!>ov attendfMl a eoimtrv school at Sheffield, 
Pennsylvania. At a very early age he 




^- Sf (Bf^....y^. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1679 



began working during the Kummer vaca- 
tions, and at the age of nine years was a 
\}oy lalwrer with the Ph<K*nix (tlass Com- 
pany at Monara, Pennsylvania. His first 
ptMition was as ** carrying l)oy/* and when 
he left that tirm in 1891 he had advanced 
several dcgret^s in the art and tra<le of glass 
making. Coming to Elwoo<l in 1891, Mr. 
Bruce went to work for the McBeth Glass 
Company as ** gat hiring lM)y/* and n»- 
maineil with the glass works there until 
1899. He gave up the trade and (kh'U- 
pation of glass worker to operate a rip saw 
with the lumber vard and saw mill of Lewis 
Ileflfner. lie was promotetl to yard fore- 
man and finally took over the entire busi- 
ness for Mr. Ileffner, and under his man- 
agement it has gn)wn and pn>spered and is 
one of the largest bu8ini*ss<*s of its kind in 
Madis<m County. Mr. Ileffner lived re- 
tireii for several vears and di(^l in 1916. 
The business is now lumber and eoal, build- 
ing supplies and material, and the trade 
% comes from all the country ten miles 
around Elwood. 

Mr. I^ruce also owns two farms aggregat- 
ing 340 acres, and is thus one of the very 
substantial citizens of E1wo<hI. In 1914 
he wa.s republican candidate for mayor of 
that eity» lH»ing defeate<i by a small mar- 
gin. He is affiliated with Klwoo<l L<Migi* of 
Masons, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, Improved Order of Red Men, Knights 
of Pythias and all the auxiliaries of tht»se 
orders. He was state treasurer or state 
keeper of wampum for the order of R<hI 
Men n\e years, 1912 to 1917. He and his 
family are meml)ers of the First Presby- 
terian Church, and for ten years he was 
an elder in the church and for the past 
fifteen years has Ixvn superintendent of 
its Sunday sch(M)l. Thus he is more than a 
succe>4sful business man, and his interests 
go out to all institutions and movements 
that aflfeet his home community and the 
nation. 

dune 26. 1895. .Mr. Bruce marrie<l Miss 
Abbie H«ffner. <iaughter of Le\\\% and 
Kmaline (Feriruson^ Ileffner of Klwoo<i. 
They have a family of nine children, five 
4laughters and four sons: Vinnetta Clair, 
liorn June 26. 1896; Charles Lewis, )>orn 
Augiist 21. 1899; Harper (ilenn. born May 
8. 19()1 : Margaret Lillian. l>orn dune 15, 
IfMKi; James Samuel, born September 10, 
1904: Emma Esther. Iwirn June 5, 1906. 
and died Deeeinber 12. 1914: Roberta 



Olivia, l)orn Augu.st 2, 1907 ; Dorotha Ruth, 
Iwrn Novemb<*r 24, 1911; and Robert Lee, 
born August 26, 1913. 

Charh»s I^ewis sotm after graduating 
from the Elwoo^l High School enlisted No- 
veml>er 24, 1917. became a memlwr of the 
meiiical department of the army at (^amp 
Greenleaf and June 8, 1918, landed in Eng- 
land and in a few days was transferred to 
the Forty-Second Division, or Rainbow 
Division, and was at the front when the 
armistice was signtNi. He is at Coblenz- 
at this writing. Vinetta Clare, the oldest 
daughter, spent si.x months in the service 
of the (ioverimient at Washington, from 
Jun«* to I)«H»eml)er, 1918. Mr. Bruce is a 
member of the Chaml)er of Commerce of 
Elwood. 

Marv Wricjut Skwall, lecturer, author 
and pnmiinent in the cause of woman suf- 
frage and the e<lucation of women, is promi- 
nently asscx'iated with the National Ameri- 
can Woman SufTrag** AssrH'iation and a 
former and honorary president of the In- 
ternational Couneil of Women and the 
Natioiml (^ouneil of W^omen. She served 
as a Cnited States delegate to the Univer- 
sal C(»ngress of Women at Paris, in 1889, 
jMid traveled over manv countries of 
Europe in the interest of the Congress of 
Representative Women, Chieago Exposi- 
tion, of whieh sh»» was the ehairman. She 
j»lso st*rved as delegate to eoneresses meet- 
ing at the Halifax. Ottawa. London, The 
II'!gue. and was president of the Interna- 
tional Congress of Women Workers for 
Permanent Peace, San Francisco. 

Mrs. Sewall was born in Milwaukee May 
27, 1844, a daughter of Philander and 
Marv (Hraekett^ Wright. On the 30th of 
October, 1880, she was marrie<l to Theoilore 
L. Sewall, who died in 1895. 

Rkv. Lf.wis Hrow.n. rector of St. PauCs 
Episcopal Church at Indianapolis, has 
been active in the ministry of his church 
more than thirtv vears. His work has 
been distinguished by a high degree of con- 
st met ive cffieiency and also by scholarship 
and an influence by no means eonfined to 
his own chureh and parish. 

Doctor Brown was liom at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, June 4, 1855. He was one of the 
five children of David Meeker and Lucy 
^Atwater) Brown. His mother was a 
daughter of the noted Judge Caleb At- 



t 



1680 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



water, distinguished as an archaeologist, 
educator, and historian. Judge Atwater 
was author of the first comprehensive his- 
tory of Ohio, and was also known as the 
father of the public school system of that 
state. 

Lewis Brown was educated in the public 
schools of his native city, attended the 
classical department of Ottawa University 
in Kansas, and then after his father's death 
entered the banking business in Cincinnati. 
He finally resumed his studies in prepa- 
ration for the ministr>' at Kenyon Lollege, 
from which he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Divinity, and later 
he received the degree of Doctor of Phil- 
osophy from the Northern College of Illi- 
nois. In his active ministry he spent 
eleven years in Cincinnati, six years at 
Battle Creek, Michigan, and in 1900 be- 
came rector of St. Paul's church in Indian- 
apolis. Doctor Bro^Ti is independent in 
politics and is a member of the Sons of the 
American Revolution and the Society of 
Colonial Wars, and has occupied a high 
place in Masonrj'. He has been a member 
of the Standing Committee of the Diocese 
of Indianapolis and a deputy to the gen- 
eral conventions of the church in this 
countr>\ 

Robert Geddes, vice president and 
treasurer of the wholesale dr>'goods firm 
of Havens & Geddes Company, of Indian- 
apolis, is one of the oldest active business 
men in Indiana, with a continuous record 
as a salesman and merchant of more than 

half a century. For manv vears his home 

• • • ^^ 

and business headquarters were at Terre 
Haute. 

The immediate occasion of Mr. Geddes' 
entrance into the commercial field was one 
of those eireumstanees that so often affect 
and ehanj?e the destinies of men. In the 
suiniiier of ISfio. then a younp man of 
twenty-one. Mr. (teddes was working hani 
to rais«» a <*nip on the honiestea<l farm west 
of Terre Hante in Illinois. In Anpiist of 
that year raine an nnprecedeiited period 
of eold. follnwe<l by a frost which bli>rht<*d 
v»^/etation and *ipread niin and <liseour- 
ajr» nit-nt ainnntr all the farmers of that 
sect inn. There wa^ no inrnediate remedy 
f«»r thr heavv loss, an<l to the (teddes fain- 
ilv it (Mint* as a real ealamitv. 

Knliert (H^ldes Icist little time in bewail- 
in*^ liis misfortune, and in Septend)er of 



the same year went to work as a salesman 
for the wholesale dry goods house of Jef- 
fers & Miller at Terre Haute. Prom that 
day to this the dry goods trade has ab- 
sorbed the best of his time and energies. 

Mr. Geddes is a native of Illinois, bom 
about forty miles west of Terre Haute on 
December 24, 1844. His grandfather, John 
Geddes, was a Scotchman and came to 
America from the city of Edinburgh. The 
father of the Indianapolis merchant was 
James R. Geddes, a farmer and stockraiser 
and later a merchant at Casey, Illinois. 
Robert Geddes, the oldest son among seven 
children, was very young when brought 
face to face with the heavy responsibilities 
of life, and before he was fifteen, owing 
to the death of his father, was taking his 
part with his mother in managing the 
home farm. He lived in his native county 
until he was eighteen, attending the com- 
mon schools and also a college at Marshall 
in Clark County, Illinois. Before he was 
eighteen he was teaching, and he spent 
two years in the graded schools of Casey. 

The organization of Jeffers & Miller at 
Terre Haute, with which he became con- 
nected as a salesman in 1865, was one of 
the notable business firms of that city. 
Its senior proprietor, U. R. Jeffers, made 
a fortune as a merchant at Terre Haute, 
and it is said that he was the pioneer in 
developing the notion trade and stocked a 
number of large covered wagons with 
goods which he sold throughout a large 
territory. For nine years Mr. Geddes re- 
mained on the staff of salesmen of the 
firm. Then, on January 1, 1874, he and 
Elisha Havens bought the business of Jef- 
fers & Miller and re-established it under 
the name Havens & Geddes. They were 
worthy successors of the old firm and 
rapidly developeti a large jobbing trade 
with connections throughout Indiana and 
Illinois. The finn continued in business 
at Terre Haute until a fire in December, 
1S9H, destroyed the wholesale and retail 
plants, whieh were located at the comer 
of Fifth and Wabash avenue. After that 
they tra<le<i their ground interest for the 
wholesale house of D. P. Irwin & Com- 
pany on South Meridian Street in Indian- 
apolis. On February 6, 1899, the Indian- 
apolis liouse of Havens & Geddes Company 
l)egan business, and for nearly twenty 
years it lias o<'<'Upied a place of prominence 
in the Indiana])olis wholesale district. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1681 



While living at Terre Haute Mr. Oeddes 
helped organize the first Board of Trade, 
wa^ itH first president and for a number of 
years a director. He is a member of the 
Columbia and Country clubs, the Com- 
mercial Club, the WwKlstock Club, the 
Chamber of Commerce and in politics is 
a republican. 

I)c<*cmber 19, lh78. he marrie<i Miss Ger- 
trude Parker. Thev have three children, 
Robert Parker, Felix R. antl R. Went- 
worth. The youngest died at the age of 
four years. The other sons are l>oth iden- 
tified with the business house of their 
father, and Felix was a member of the 
State Legislature of 1917. 

Joseph Allerdice has been a figure in 
the commercial history of Indianapolis and 
Indiana for over forty years. Largely 
through him the Indianapolis Abattoir 
Company was established, and his efforts 
and those of the associates whom he called 
to his assistance developecl and made that 
business prosper for thirty-five years. 

Born in Glammis, Forfarshire, Scotland, 
June 4, 1846, he is a wm of William and 
Esther M. (McDonald) Allenlici\ being 
one of their nine children, six still living. 
His father was a tanner, and it was in the 
leather business that Joseph Allerdice had 
hi»i first experienre. aiul he was in the hide 
business some years after coming to In- 
di}iiuip<»lis. 

In the latter part of June, 1852, when 
be was njx years of air**, he and his parents 
^4lil♦•d fmm (ilasirow for New York in the 
ship (icorge Washington, reH<*hing New 
York after a voyage of forty -two days. 
After living in Ijansingburg, New York, 
with bis parents for al>out five years, the 
family moved to Saratoga County, .\ew 
York. 

In }^iVA .losrph Allerdice left hnin.« and 
a<'crpte<| a piisitioii with a leather and 
tindinifs st«»re in Saratopi. He remained 
there about two years, then removed to 
Toledo. Ohio, where he worked in a leather 
sTnr»* alwnit three years. an<i then entered 
tin- hide bu*iim»ss fni his dwn ji<'e<iunt. <>n 
l>«*e«rnbtT l!'{. ]^(\^K he Tiiarrie<l Miss Mar- 
tha .\. McKnally. who was a s<'hoo| t^-acher 
nf liidiauapniis. having; jrone there from 
rivde. Ohio. 

I?i 1*^71 Mr. .\llrrdi<'e <«ame to Indian- 
apolis and eniraged in th»- hide }»nsint»ss^ 
In 1***^*J he and th«» late Kdmund M<w»nev 



and the latter's brother, Thomas Mooney, 
organized the Indianapolis Abattoir Com- 
pany. Mr. Allerdice was electetl its pres- 
ident and general manager and continued 
to hold that office until May 20, 1917, for 
a perio(i of alnrnt thirty-five years. He 
retired on account of ill health. In the 
meantime the business had a remarkable 
grf)wth. During 1882-83 it employed about 
fifteen men, while in 1917 it is one of the 
largest concerns of its kind in Indiana and 
employs al>out 600 men. 

SAMTEii O. PicKE.vs. A member of the 
Indiana bar forty-four years, Samuel O. 
Pickens has practiced law at Indianapolis 
for over thirty of these years, and his long 
and honorable connection with the law 
and with the civic life of his home com- 
munity and state makes his record note- 
worthy among Indianans. 

He was bom in Owen County, Indiana, 
April 26, 1846, a son of Samuel and Eliza 
n^aldon^ Pickens, both natives of Ken- 
tucky. His father was a farmer. Samuel 
O. Pickens grew up on a farm, attended 
the common schools of Owen County and 
the Academy at Spencer, and studied in 
the Indiana State Cniversity, graduating 
LL. H. in 1873. He at once opened his 
oflRce in Spencer. He was twice elected 
prosecuting attorney of the Fifteenth Ju- 
dicial Circuit, composed of Morgan, Owen 
and (ireen counti«»s, holding the office 
from 1S77 to 1881. 

In .\ovend>cr. l^^fi, Mr. Pickens l>ecame 
a resident of Indianapolis, and has de- 
voted himself to the practice of law and 
to several benevolent institiitions refl«'i»ting 
the religious and moral enlightenment of 
th»* eitv and state. He is senior meml>er 
of the law firm Pickens. Moores, Davidson 
and Pickens. 

.Mr. Pickens has served as chairman of 
the Hoard of Tnist«»<N of the Crawford 
Haptist S<'hoo| of Zionsville, Indiana, and 
is a member of the state excMMitive commit- 
ti'c of the Indiana Young Men's Christian 
Association. Both he and his wife are 
active members of the First Haptist 
Church, which for many years he serveii 
as trustee. He beloiurs to the Cniversity 
i»nd Country clubs. Since leaving the of- 
fice of prosecuting attorney he has sought 
no official honors, though always a<*tive in 
behalf of the democratic organization. 

In 1^72 Mr. Pickens marrie<I Miss Vir- 



1682 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ginia Franklin, daughter of Judge Wil- 
liam M. Franklin, of Spencer. Five chil- 
dren were bom to their marriage: Vir- 
ginia, deceased, Rush F., Mary, Owen 
and Marguerite. The son Rush is a civil 
engineer at Indianapolis, while Owen is a 
lawyer and junior member of the firm of 
his father. 

i 
Merritt a. Potter is one of the older 

active business men of Indianapolis, and 
for fortv vears has been identified with 
E. r. Atkins & Company, beginning as an 
employe and achieving partnership and 
executive resi)onsibility through the con- 
spicuous business merits he passessed. 

ilr. Potter was born at Clarkston, Mich- 
igan, August 1, 1855, a son of Rev. Aaron 
and Frances A. (Shaw) Potter. His 
father was born in Waterford, Now York, 
April 9, 1820, was liberally educated, at- 
ten<ling Tnion College at Schenectady and 
the Theological ScIkm)! at Hamilton, now 
a department of Colgate Cniversity. In 
1851 he marritNl Miss Frances A. Shaw, 
who was l>orn at Fort Kdward, New York, 
Mav 31, 1830. In the same vear they 
moved to Mi(*higan. where he entered upon 
his career as pastor of the Baptist Church. 
I^ter he had a pastorate at Sheboygan, 
Wisconsin, and tinallv removed to Cham- 
paign. Illinois, where he became identified 
with the State Cniversity at its opening. 
He died in 1873. Both he and his wife 
were culture*! and highly e<lucated people, 
and were greatly loved for their nobility 
and integrity of character. They had a 
family of eight children. 

Merritt A. Potter receivetl his early edu- 
cation at Sheboygan, Wisconsin, and the 
Cniversitv of Illinois. His business career 
Ivegan very early, when only fourteen years 
of ag»\ For several years he was book- 
keeper in a dry goods store, and in 1873 
was made a traveling salesman for a paper 
house and blank lMM)k eoneeni. Mr. Pot- 
ter eame to Imliaiiapolis in 1874, was a 
teacher during the winter of 1874-75, and 
then for a time derketl in a local carpet 
houM'. 

In the fall of 1878 he entered the service 
of K. C. Atkins & Company, won a part- 
nership in the business in 1881, at the age 
of tweiity-si.x. and since 1.^85 has l>een 
treasurer of the eompany. The years have 
lH»en devoted to business affairs and with 
well earne<! .succt»ss. Mr. Potter is a mem- 



ber of the Woodstock Club, the Contempo- 
rary Club, the Art Association, the Com- 
mercial Club, and the Board of Trade, the 
First Baptist Church and in politics is a 
republican. On October 17, 1881, he mar- 
ried Miss Dora A. Buttcrfield. She was 
bom at LaPorte, Indiana, December 15, 
1858, and died June 26, 1890. The three 
children of this marriage are: Helen 
Frances, who died October 3, 1918 ; Justin 
Albert, who married Alice Buckmaster, of 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and they 
have one child, Grace Frances; and Laura 
Agnes, who died November 29, 1918, was 
the wife of Leslie A. Perry, a native of 
Athol, Massachusetts. Mr. and Mrs. Perry 
were the parents oT one child, Daura Helen. 
June 29, 1909, Mr. Potter married Miss 
Mary Katharine Stiemmel, a native of Co- 
lumbus, Ohio. Mrs. Potter is treasurer of 
the Indianapolis Young Women's Christian 
Association, is Regent of Caroline Scott 
Harrison Chapter, Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, and Miss Helen Frances 
Potter was also a member of the same or- 
ganization. 

Henry W. Bennett since 1877, a period 
of forty years, has occupied a conspicuous 
posit icm in the business administration and 
the civic and political life of Indianapolis. 

He was bom at Indianapolis August 
26, 1858, was educated in the public 
schools aiid in early youth entered the es- 
tablishment of D. Root & Company, with 
which his father was identified. This man- 
ufacturing firm was succeeded by the In- 
dianapolis Stove Company, organized and 
incorporated in 1877. Henr\' W. Bennett, 
then only nineteen years of age, became 
secretary and treasurer of the company. 
With the passing years this company be- 
came one of the leading manufacturing in- 
dustries of its kind in the Tnited States, 
with an output distributeii to practically 
every se<*tion of the Union. The success 
and development of the company was in 
no small degree due to the initiative and 
pmirressive ideas of Mr. Bennett. 

Having laid the foundation of a success- 
ful biisiness career Mr. Bennett manifested 
that tendency so wholes^)me in America to 
make his influence felt in civic and politi- 
cal life. He has l>een an active leader in 
the republican party of Indiana since 
1S90, and from 1S98 to 1906 was treasurer 
of the Indiana Republican State Central 




(J 



■) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1683 



Com 111 it tee. While his position and influ- 
ence have always made him something of 
a public character, his chief official dis- 
tinction was as postmaster of Indianapolia. 
He was appointed }M>st master January- 25, 
1905, n|K)n the nH*ommendation of Senator 
Hcveridjfe. lie administered the postman- 
tersliip until May 15. 1908. During his 
term the handsome Fetleral building of In- 
<liana|K>lis was (M>mplete<l and occupied. 

Mr. Bennett resigneti fnmi the Jocal 
postoffice in order to devote himself unre- 
servetllv to the affairs of the State Life 
Insurance Company of Indianapolis, of 
which he had been elected president in 
1907. This is one of the stn)ngi*st and 
best supfH)rted life insurance organizations 
in Indiana, and for ten years its affairs 
have been ablv directe<I bv Mr. Bennett. 

()ctol>er 8. 1890. he married Miss Ariana 
Holliday. She was lM»rn and reared in In- 
dianapolis, <laughter of William J. and 
Lucy (Redd) Holliday. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bennett have two children, Kdwani 
Jac(|uelin and Ix)uise. 

John Fr.wcis Skramir, vice president 
and manager of the Stein-Canaday Com- 
pany, larg<*st and best known furniture 
house in Anderson, is an expert in the fur- 
niture trade and manufacturing circles, 
having learnetl the business in all its details 
when a ycuith. Mr. Seramur has a position 
as a business man in Indiana which is well 
reflected in the fact that he was electe<l 
first vice president of the Indiana Retail 
Furniture Dealers* Association in the I^- 
fayette Convention in June. 1917, while 
on June 4, 1918. he was eltvted pn*sident 
of the ass(K'iation. 

Mr. S«»ramur was Iwirn at Fayetteville, 
Ohio. July 2:^ 1884. His pan»nts! John W. 
and Margaret iMeighan^ Seramur, are now 
living retire*! on their old homestead farm. 
.Mr. Seramur is of Frem-h anti Irish sto(»k, 
ami the familv has been in America at least 
three generations. He was educatetl in the 
public schools and gra<luated with honors 
from the Fayetteville Ilijfh Sch(M)l. 

His first work was a job in the shipping 
room of Steinman & Myers, furniture 
manufactun»rs of (*ineinnati. He worke<l 
for them four years. an<l nejfb*<*te<l no op- 
portunity to aetpiire a definite and thor- 
ough knowledge <»f furniture manufactur- 
ing; in every dt»partment. He then l>ecame 
shipping clerk for IV Dine & Company of 



Cincinnati, and was 8ubse(|uently promoted 
to salesman and for nine years managed 
the businc*^. 

On leaving Cincinnati Mr. Seramur 
moved to Hartford City, Indiana, and for 
two years had charge of the furniture de- 
partment of A. A. Weiler & Company. In 
1914 he came to Anderson aa manager of 
the Stein-Canatlay Company, and three 
years later, on January 1, 1918, was also 
elected vice president of the company. 
This company handU^s the l>est grades of 
furniture and is one of the leading houses 
of its kind in eastern Indiana. 

In 1906 Mr. Seramur married Bertha 
B<mikamp, daughter of Augustus and 
Mary (Xeimeyer) Bomkamp, of Cincinnati. 
They arc the parents of six children, four 
sons and two daughters. Mr. Seramur is 
affiliated with the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Klks, the Knights of Colum- 
bus, the Rotary Club and the Travelers 
Protective Association, and he and his fam- 
ily worship in St. Mary's (*atholic Church. 

James Whitcomb Rn.EY. The loved 
**IIoosier P(M»t,'' James Whitcomb Riley, 
was a native Indianan and Indiana contin- 
ued his home, its capital city claiming him 
among her celebrated residents. He was 
born at (freenfield in 18,').'^, a scm of Reul)en 
A. and Klizalnth Hiley. As early as 1873 
.Mr. Hiley began rontributing poems to 
IiKiiana papei-s, and his facile pen since 
gave to the world many contributions. 
Much of his verse is in the Hoosier dialect. 
Mr. Hiley held the Honorary A. M. de- 
gree from Yale, 11K)2. the Lift D., degree. 
Wabash (^oUege, 19()3, and the rniversity 
of Pennsylvania, 1904, and the LL. D. de- 
gree. Indiana Ciiiversity, 1907. He was a 
member of the American Academy of Arts 
anti Letters. 

Howard Shaw RrnDV. editor, was bom 
August 22, 1856, at Bridgeport, in Law- 
rence County, Illinois, just across the 
Wabash from Vincennes, Indiana. His 
early education was in the public s<»hool8 
of Lawrenceville in the same ccmnty. He 
is a son of Matthew Ruddy, an Irish im- 
migrant farmer, and Eli/3l>eth Ann 
(Wheat) Ruddy. He went to Vincennes 
in 1870, and was successively newspaper 
carrier, chair factory' worker, grocery 
elerk, and billposter. In the latter work 
he made manv valuable friends among the 



1684 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



business section of the theatrical profes- 
sion in the 70s. 

Mr. Ruddy beg^n newspaper work in 
1876, and was city editor of the Vincennes 
Sun from 1878 to 1888, during which time 
he developed an interest in Indiana his- 
tory' that still abides. He made a depar- 
ture in journalism by preparing a chro- 
nological record of the year 1878, which 
was published in the Western Sun Almanac 
and Local Register of 1879, and which 
attracted the attention of Maj. Orlando 
Jay Smith, one of the notable Indiana edi- 
tors. Smith was bom near Terre Haute, 
June 14, 1842. He graduated at DePauw, 
enlisted in the Sixteenth Indiana Regiment 
in 1861 and served during the war, after 
which he was successively editor of the 
Mail, Gazette and Express at Terre Haute. 
From there he went to New York City, 
where he founded the American Press As- 
sociation, of which he was president after 
1881. He introduccil the chronological 
record into his press plate matter, and 
gave it its widespread popularity. 

Mr. Ruddy went east in 1889, locating 
at Rochester, Xew York, where he was 
employe<l as exchange editor on the Roch- 
ester Herald. In 1893 he was g^iven the 
literar>' department, which he continues to 
hold. In 1905 he was appointed and con- 
tinues to fill the position of associate edi- 
tor. He also edited a volume, **Book Lov- 
ers' Verse" in 1899. One evening while 
calling at Mr. Ruddy's Rochester home, 
Mr. Lee Bums — then with the Bobbs- 
Merrill Company — mentione<l the desire of 
the house for a new romance. Mr. Ruddy 
handed him Law's Histor>' of Vincennes, 
and sugj^ested a novel baseii on it. Mr. 
Bums was intcn-sted, and a discussion of 
the p<>ssihilities tMisucd. The idea wa^ pre- 
sented to the house, which promptly in- 
dorsed it, Hful aftt^r ronsideration proposed 
to Maurice Thompson to write it. 

Mr. Thompson, who at the time was in 
Fl<»ri«!a. lia<l ju^t finished his "Stories of 
Indiana" for the American H(K)k Com- 
pany. aiKJ a<*<-epte<l the proposition with 
enthiisia*^!!!. The «Muitraet was so<m closed, 
and th»' result was *' Alice <»f Old Vin- 
ei'iiiirs." Mr. Huddv was advistni of the 
sncees*^ of the project, and made several 
sujfgcstions ft>r the treatment of the suh- 
je<*t. particnhirly jfivinir helated justice to 
Frarnis X'iiro. In re«M»^'nition of his serv*- 
ie«»N th»' hen»ine was name<j for his wife. 



Alice (Oosnell) Ruddy, whom he married 
at Lawrenceville, February 14, 1877. She 
is a daughter of Allen C. and Mary I. Oos- 
nell, long since deceased. The only fruits 
of this union was a daughter, Wanda Alice, 
born May 8, 1886, now Mrs. Chester A. 
Haak. 

Charles F. Koehler is a well known 
Indianapolis merchant whose career has 
been out of the ordinary, both with respect 
to its experiences and its accomplishments. 

He was bom in Saxony, Germany, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1871, son of Charles F. and Car- 
oline (Wirrgang) Koehler. In the old 
country his father was a miller. In 1885, 
when Charles F., Jr., was fourteen years 
old, the family came to America and lo- 
cated at Indianapolis. Here the father 
learned the trade of carpenter, and he con- 
tinued to follow that vocation as long as 
he was physically able. He is still living 
in Indianapolis. His wife died here in 
1908. 

The second in a family of ten children, 
Charles F. Koehler had a common school 
education during his life in Oermany. 
When the family came to Indianapolis 
they were in humble circumstances and 
Charles had to assume some of the respon- 
sibilities of providing for his own way and 
keeping the household in food and cloth- 
ing. The day after his arrival in the city 
he was sent into the country and secured 
emplo^^ment on a farm for a man named 
Lucas. This farm where he had his pre- 
liminarj' labor experience in America is 
located on the Churchman Pike. This and 
other work busietl him for two years, and 
then came the opportunity which he made 
the opening for his real life work. 

Mr. Koehler was put on the payroll of 
the Queiser Grocer>' House on Virginia 
Avenue as delivery hoy and clerk. There 
was nothing al>out the store in form of 
work which did not come within the scope 
of his experience and his assignment dur- 
ing the next few months. But busy as he 
was in the day he helped to improve his 
e<iucation by attending a night school. 

Thirty years ago Mr. Koehler with his 
brother William opened the store at 2122 
Ea.st Tenth Street, and in that locality he 
has l>een ever since. His entire personal 
capital at the l)eginning was only six dol- 
lars. Having ability and some friends he 
lK>rrowed two hundretl dollars, and that 



•J* 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1685 



was the foundation of a rapidly increaiting^ 
fnterprijM* which wa« soon more than pay- 
ing? itA own way and driving the brothers 
opportunity to disi*ount their bills. They 
<*ontinu<*d the partnership twenty-two 
years, when William withdrew. Since 
then Mr. (\ F. KcH»hler has eontinue<l busi- 
ness alone and has a lar^re and well 
equi])ped pT<KH»ry store and meat market. 
His siireesN is due to the application of 
fuiKlainental husinesN principles and eth- 
ics, and it stands out the more remarkable 
l>ecause at the start he was little more 
than a j^reen (icrman hoy without even 
the ability to express himself in the Knp- 
lish lanifua^\ 

In 190() Mr. Kochler marritHl Miss Con- 
stance (Irauel, who was iMirn in Wisconsin, 
dauffhter of Julius (irauel. They have 
four younp sons. Arthur. Carl, Hcrln^rt and 
Harold. Mr. Kc>ehler and wife arc active 
mem!>er8 of the Butler Memorial Reformed 
Church. He is a member of the (Jn>cers 
Association, and fraternally he has affilia- 
tions with Bnwkside I»d(^ of the Kniffhts 
of Pythias an<l with Ixxlfre No. 18 of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. A 
few years ajr«> Mr. Koehler bouf^ht a farm 
of eijrhteen acres near the city on Pendle- 
ton Pike, and this is the summer home of 
the familv. Mr. Kot»hler is extremelv 
loyal to the land of his adopti(m. where his 
opportunities developed themselves, and 
re<*ently he has n*spond«»<l (generously to 
the cause of this country's pnwperity by 
investing heavily in Lil)erty Ijoan liionds 
and Thrift Stamps. 

John A. Soltai* has been a merchant 
and business man of Indianapolis thirty- 
six years. He is one of those fortunate 
men who as they reach their declining 
years find themselves relieve<i of their 
heaviest responsibilitit»s thnmgh the coop- 
eration of their sons. Mr. Soltau has five 
vigorous s(ms. all gocni business men. and 
handling most of the actual work of the 
two grocery stores of which he is proprie- 
tor, one at 2133 East Michigan Stn»et and 
the other at W\ Sherman Drive. 

Mr. Soltau was lH)m in Holstein. Ger- 
many. November 17. 1847. son of Jergen 
and Rel>ecca (Schumacher^ Soltau. His 
(fran<lfathcr Soltau was a native of France. 
Jcr^fcn Soltau. leaving his family behind, 
came to America in 1854 and joined an 
uncle in the gold fields of California. After 



three years of western life and experience 
he returned to the middle west by way of 
the Panama Canal and then as a pioneer 
penetrated the woods and prairies of Min- 
nesota, which was still a territory. In Le- 
Seuer County he pre-empted 160 acres of 
government land. After getting this land 
and making some provisions for their com- 
fort he had his wife and three children 
come on in 1857. They embarked cm the 
sailing v«*ssel Hertran<i. and after twenty- 
eight days at sea landed in New York. 
John A. Soltau was ten years old when he 
made that eventful journey to the New 
World. Jergen Soltau developed a good 
farm in Minnesota and was <iuite active 
in loi'al politics in LeSeuer County as a re- 
publican. A few years Wfore his death 
he sold his Minnesota property and came 
to Indianapolis. lie died in 1895, at the 
age of seventy-five, and his wife passed 
away in 1880. aged fifty-five. They had 
six children: John A.; Henry, who resides 
in Minnesota; I^ena Theis; liertha, wife of 
A. H. S«»elH»ck, of R^niwood Falls. Minne- 
.Hota; George, of Minnesota; and Peter W., 
superintendent of Oakwood Park, Wa- 
wasee I-.ake at Syra<'use, Indiana. 

John A. Soltau after coming to America 
spent most of his time working with hii 
father on the pioneer Minnesota home- 
stead, and conseijuently his school dajrs 
were limited. In 1868. at the age of 
twenty-one. he went to St. Paul, learned 
the carpenter s trade and worked at it dil- 
igently until 1871. 

Mr. Soltau has been a resident of Indian- 
apolis since 1871, and his first employment 
here was as foreman for the building con- 
tractor Conrad Bender. He was a good 
workman, was also thrifty and looked 
ahead to the future, and al>out ten years 
after coming to this city he u.se<i his capi- 
tal to open his first grocer>' store at David- 
son and Ohio streets. That was his place 
of business for thirty consecutive years. 
He closed out his store there and l>ecame 
established in a better location at 2133 
East Michigan Street, and subsequently 
opened his other store on Sherman Drive. 

Soon after coming to Indianapolis, in 
1873. Mr. Soltau married Elizal>eth Koeh- 
ler. daughter of William Koehler. Mrs. 
Soltau was l>orn in Indianajwlis. her birth- 
place being not far from the present I'nion 
Station. She was born April 7, 1851. Her 
father, William Koehler, was a native of 



1686 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Germany and for a number of years con- 
ducted a restaurant in the old Market 
House. Mr. and Mrs. Soltau's five sons, 
all associated with their father in the gro- 
cer>' business, are named William, Edward, 
John, Garfield, and Benjamin. 

For a number of years Mr. Soltau took 
an active part in local politics, voting and 
working for the success of the republican 
party. Of recent years he has been a pro- 
hibitionist, lie is one of the prominent 
members of the Evangelical Association 
Church at New York and North East 
streets, has served twentv-five vears as a 
member of its l)oard of trustees, and was 
also a teacher in its Sunday school. The 
Soltau family reside at 604 Jefferson Ave- 
nue. This comfortable home, now in one 
of the attractive residential districts of 
the city, was when built at the very eiige 
of the citv and surrounded bv cornfields. 

CiiARi^Es C\ Perry, president of the In- 
dianapolis Light and Ileat Company, has 
an interesting personal rec*ord. His father 
was one of the substantial men of Rich- 
mond, Indiana, but the son early showed 
an independence and self reliance which 
prompteii him to earn his own spending 
money. He carried a city newspaper 
route while attending school, worked as a 
messenger boy for the Pittsburg, Cincin- 
nati, Chicago & St. Ix)uis Railway, and 
applied all his spare hours to the diligent 
use of a borrowe<l telegraph instrument 
and mastere<i telegraphy. Once on the 
pay roll as a regular operator, he showed 
a skill in handling the key and also an 
ability to take increasing responsibilities. 
He was eventually made manager of the 
Western Cni^m Telegraph Company at 
Richmond, a position he filled from 1880 
to 1884. 

Mr. Perry «*ame to Indianapolis in 1886 
to repn-sent the Jenny Kle<»tric Company, 
and his priiu^ipal tiebi of business a«*tivity 
has always Immmi with *w)!nething ronnerted 
with electrical or public utility plants. In 
1888 he l>efa!iie r»nc of the financiers of the 
MariiKMiIVrry Light Company, and in 
1892 was one of the chief promoters of 
the Indianapolis Light & Power Company, 
which >ince 1JHV4 has Wen the Indianapolis 
Light & Heat Company. Of this import- 
ant lo<»al piiblic utility Mr. Perr>' has l>een 
presi<lent and treasurer for a numWr of 
yearn. 



He was born at Richmond in Wayne 
County December 15, 1857. His father. 
Dr. Joseph James Perry, was bom and 
reared and received his professional edu- 
cation in Somersetshire, England, where the 
family had lived for many generations. He 
came to America in 1840, practiced for ten 
years at Detroit, Michigan, and in 1850 
removed to Richmond, Indiana, which was 
his home until his death in 1872. During 
the Civil war he was appointed a surgeon 
of the Forty-second United States Infantry 
in 1864 and was with the command until 
mustered out. He was a very capable 
physician and surgeon and highly honored 
citizen of Richmond. He was prominent in 
religious affairs and was founder of Grace 
Methodist Episcopal Church at Richmond 
and filled some office in the organi^tion 
until his death. His second wife was Miss 
Ruth Moflitt, who was bom at Richmond in 
1821. Their only child is Charles C. Perry. 
The latter in addition to the advantage of 
the Richmond public schools attended Earl- 
ham College for a time. Mr. Perry is a 
republican in politics. He is a member of 
the Board of Trade and the Commercial 
Club, the Columbia Club and has served 
as a trustee of the Indianapolis Young 
Woman's Christian Association. He mar- 
ried Miss Capitola Adams, daughter of T. 
J. Adams, of Indianapolis. 

Mr. Perr>' is a patriotic American, and 
a local publication recently paid him honor 
in its columns in commenting on his mil- 
itarv work. The article was as follows: 

•*When Company C of the Indiana State 
Militia was organized recently, Charles C. 
Perry, president of the Indianapolis Light 
and Heat Company. entere<i the ranks as 
a private in onler that he might make an 
indelible impression upon the minds of his 
asso<*iates of the great necessity of obtain- 
ing a military- education, especially at a 
time when this countrj' is an epoch-mak- 
ing perio<l. 

**rpon being a.sked, at a meeting last 
week, why a man engaged actively in busi- 
ness and with pressing duties shoubl desire 
to take up military duty, he said: Til tell 
you, I am 60 years old, but the man doesn't 
live in this country, if he is ever>* inch 
an American, whose blood doesn't boil in 
these davs. Xo matter his age, he wants 
to fight. " He should fight. I feel too, that 
no man's affairs are too big, too important 
that he can afford to stand aside when his 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1687 



countrj' needs him. The head of the hig- 
ge»i corporation mustn't shirk responsibil- 
ity when the boys under him aren't trying 



to. 



> f » 



Frank D. Stalnaker. It is as a banker 
that this name is most widely known 
throughout the central west. Mr. Stal- 
naker is now president of the Indiana Na- 
tional Bank, and is the fourth man to 
succeed to the responsibilities of that office 
during the half century this institution 
has be>en in existence. One of the largest 
banks in the central west, Mr. Stalnaker \s 
responsibilities are correspondingly great, 
and the honor is befitting one who has been 
identified with local banking in practically 
every capacity and stage of service from 
clerk to executive head. 

Mr. Stalnaker has been a resident of 
Indiana the greater part of his life, and 
his mother was bom in this state. His 
own birth occurred at Hloomfield, Davis 
County, Iowa, December 31, 1859. His 
father, I^muel E. Stalnaker, was born at 
Parkersburg, West Virginia, was reared 
and educated in that state, and became 
a pioneer of Iowa. For a number of years 
he was engaged in business as contractor 
and builder at Sioux City, and then 
removed to Cambridge City, Indiana, where 
as superintendent of the Car Works he 
remained until 1879. In that rear he 
brought his family to Indianapolis and was 
superintendent of the old Car Works on 
the site later occupie<l by the Atlas Engine 
Works. When the manufacture of cars 
was abandonecl in this plant he remove<l to 
Tennessee, and he died at McMinnville at 
the age of sixty-eight. He married at 
Sioux City, Iowa, Miss Martha J. Jamie- 
wm. After his death she returned to In- 
diana and lived at Indianapolis until her 
death at the ajfe of sixty-five. They were 
the parents of three children : Frank D., 
William E. and Olive, who married Charles 
Faulkner. 

With his early education in the public 
whools of Sioux City, Iowa, and Cambridge 
City. Indiana. Frank D. Stalnaker was 
twenty years old when he came with the 
family to Indianapolis. Here he completed 
a course in a business (»ollege, and from 
that went into clerkship in a local bank. 
It is evident that Mr. Stalnaker made no 
mistake in his choice of a business career. 
He early eame<l the confidence of his sen- 



iors and made ever>' item of his growing 
experience a factor in further advance- 
ment One of his first important promo- 
tions in the banking field was when he suc- 
ceeded William Wallace at his death as re- 
ceiver for the Fletcher & Sharpe Bank 
Though a comparatively young man, he 
handled the affairs of this institution with 
such ability and discrimination that when 
the receivership ended in 1893 he had ac- 
complished all that could have been ex- 
pected and as a result was in a position 
to connect himself with still higher honors 
and responsibilities. After that he was 
actively connected with other local banks 
until June, 1906, when he was elected pres- 
ident of the old Capital National Bank. 
Then a few years ago he succeeded the 
venerable Volney T. Malott as president 
of the Indiana National Bank, a position 
which in itself is one of the highest honors 
to which a financier could attain. 

Along with banking Mr. Stalnaker has 
over thirty years been a factor in other 
commercial affairs in Indianapolis. In 
1885, at the age of twenty-six, he became 
a.s8ociated with James W. Lilly under the 
name Lilly and Stalnaker in the hardware 
business. Beginning &s a modest enter- 
prise, the two partners carried it forward 
until it came to rank as one of the leading 
wholesale and retail hardware houses of 
the state. 

Outside of his private business affairs 
Mr. Stalnaker ha.s been a willing coworker 
in many of those movements and organiza- 
tions which have created the Greater In- 
dianapolis. He has sened as president of 
the Alerchants As.sociation, for two years 
was president of the Indianapolis Board 
of Traile and the Board of Trade Build- 
ing was completed during his administra- 
tion, was one of the first Board of Direc- 
tors of the Commercial Club, was secretary 
for two years and in 1903 president of the 
(olumbia Club, and has membership in 
the Cniversitv Club and the Countr\- Club. 
He is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite 
Ma.son, a member of the M\'8tic Shrine, and 
for many years has been a leader in the 
republican party in the state. At one 
time he was treasurer of the Republican 
State Central Committee. Mr. Stalnaker 
married October 8, 1890, Miss Maude Hill, 
who died in 1910. She was a native of 
Indianapolis, but was reared in Milwaukee 
and Chicago. Her father, Jamjes B. Hill, 



1688 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



was at one time general freight agent for 
the Pennaylvania Railroads west of Pitts- 
burg. Mr. Stalnaker has one daughter, 
by that marriage, Marjorie. On August 
25, 1914, he married Mrs. Cecilia Mausun 
Wulsin. 

Andrew Smith. As the happiest na- 
tions are those shorn of annals, so perhaps 
the individuals are those whose lives pre- 
sent none of the abnormal eventfulness and 
experience which is found in works of fic- 
tion. Une vent fulness has perhaps no di- 
rect or vital connection with real substan- 
tial achievement, as the career of Mr. An- 
drew Smith of Indianapolis abundantly 
proves. 

Mr. Smith has spent all his life in In- 
dianapolis and is a son of Andrew Smith, 
Sr.. who came from near Belfast, Ireland, 
ta the United States. He was of Scotch 
parentapre. Andrew Smith, Sr., located at 
Indianapolis, and was one of the early 
locomotive enjfinecrs on the I. & C. Rail- 
road. In 1865 he transferred his service 
to the Indianapolis, Peni and Chicago 
Railroad, and remained faithful, compe- 
tent and dilijrcnt in its service until his 
death in 1893. Andrew Smith, Sr., is re- 
membered as a man of practical education 
and particularly for his great love of 
Scotch poetr>'. He knew Bobby Bums al- 
most by heart, and could recite that fa- 
mous bard's works and others of Scotland 
seemingly without end. He was a hard 
worker, though he was an equally Irberal 
provider for his children and family, and 
never accumulated what would have suf- 
ficed for a competency. About 1855 he 
married Catherine Kennington. Of their 
eight children five are still living. 

Andrew Smith, Jr., was bom at Indian- 
apolis November 8, 1860. He was educated 
in puMie si'h<H)ls and in 1875, at the age 
of fifteen, went to work as a messt^nger 
lM)y for the Western I'nion Telegraph 
Company. In the intervals of carrying 
m<'ssa>f«*s ht» was diliK:»'nt in his prarti^e at 
the telejfrapli key an<l masten^l the art so 
rapitlly that in a f«*w months he was work- 
ing as telegrapher for the grain finn of 
Freti r. Ku>h & Company. He remaine<i 
with th«Mn one year. an<l in 1^77 found a 
nmn* j>n>misinK op«'nini? as an employe in 
the FNtrher liank. He was with that in- 
stitution twenty-two years, and for sixteen 
of thoHC years was paying teller. 



In 1900, upon the organization of the 
American National Bank, Mr. Smith be- 
came assistant cashier. In 1904 he was 
made vice president of the Capitol Na- 
tional Bank. In 1912, when the Capitol 
consolidated with the Indiana National 
Bank, Mr. Smith joined the latter institu- 
tion and has since been its vice president. 

Continuous since 1903 Mr. Smith has be- 
come well known among Indiana bankers 
as secretary of the Indiana Bankers Asso- 
ciation. He is a member of the American 
Bankers Association, was for several years 
treasurer of the Indianapolis Chamber of 
Commerce, is a member of the German 
House, the Maennerchor, and fraternally 
is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias 
and in Masonry has attained the thirty- 
second degree of Scottish Rite and is a 
member of the Mystic Shrine. Mr. Smith 
is a republican. 

Away from business his chief interest 
and hobby is music. He was director and 
treasurer for a time of the old May Music 
Festival Association. He has sung in va- 
rious church choirs of the city and at 
present has charge of the choir of the 
First Congregational Church. September 
15, 1886, Mr. Smith married Miss Katie 
Wenger, daughter of Michael and Cath- 
erine Wenger. They have one son, George 
Andrew Smith. 

George J. Eberhabot, who has been a 
resident of Indianapolis since March, 1875, 
is a prominent and well known manu- 
facturer of the city. Mr. Eberhardt .is an 
American citizen whose loyalty was ex- 
pressed as a Union soldier during the days 
of the Civil war, and one of his grandsons 
is now doing duty with the American 
armies in the World war. 

He was bom on a farm in Butler County, 
Ohio, May 14, 1843, one of a large family 
of seventeen children, ten of whom reached 
matnrity. His parents, John George and 
I^Hiisa < Hieler^ Eberhardt, were both na- 
tives of Wurtemberg, Grermany, where they 
were inarri«»d. The father was involved in 
some of the early revolutionary troubles 
of Gemiany and 'finally left that country 
altogether and brought his family to the 
rnite<l States. He located in Butler 
County, and he and his wife spent the rest 
of their years on a farm there. 

Mr. George J. El)erhardt grew up on a 
farm in that county, attended district 




Huy^. 



.UtJ^^^jUtr. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1689 



Bchool in a limited way, and as soon as 
old enougrh developed his strength by the 
duties of the home. He was only eighteen 
when on October 17, 1861, he enlisted in 
the Union army in Company I of the Fifth 
Ohio Cavalr>'. He served continuously un- 
til his honorable discharge November 29, 
1864. lie was appointed corporal Septem- 
ber 30, 1864, and w&s discharged with that 
rank. He first took part in the battle of 
Shiloh, then at Corinth, then went to Chat- 
tanooga, and was in Lew Wallace's Brigade 
during the charge up Lookout Mountain. 
He was under Sherman at Missionary 
Ridge, and was in the continuous fighting 
from that time until the final reduction of 
Atlanta. At the beginning of the Chat- 
tanooga campaign he wils orderly for Gen- 
eral Sherman, and sulxsequently servetl in 
the same position for General Logan. At 
Resaca he was injured by the fall of a 
horse. 

His patriotic duty done after the war 
Mr. Eberhardt returned to Ohio and for 
several years was a farmer and also oper- 
ated a threshing machine. Going to Ham- 
ilton, Ohio, he spent five years employed 
in a brewery, and was similarly employed 
at Indianapolis the first five years after he 
came to this city. Later he worked for the 
old wholesale drv goo<ls house of Murphy 
& Hibben. In 1890 Mr. Eberhardt bought 
a tent and awning manufacturing business. 
He has kept that business growing and 
prospering, and has made it one of the suc- 
cessful industries of the city. Mr. Eber- 
hardt is a member of the St. John Evan- 
gelical Reformed Church and in politics is 
a republican. 

May 19, 1S68, half a century ago, he 
married Miss Emma Theis. She was born 
at Hamilton. Hutler County, Ohio, A£ril 3, 
1848, daughter of Soibert and Elizabeth 
(Metz) Theis. ILt parents wore natives 
of Hesse Darmstadt, (Jcrinaiiy. and came to 
the United States in 1S42. Mr. and Mrs. 
Eberhardt became the parents of seven 
children: Ferdinand, Elizabeth. Frank 
George, one that died in infancy, Ida 
Marie, Arthur \V. and Carolin**. the latter 
a teacher in the public schools of Indian- 
apolis. Ferdinand, who is president of the 
Compac Tent Company of Indiana|)olis. 
married Minnie Weller, and their son 
Prank George is now a sergeant major in 
the United States Army in France, con- 
nected with the aviation department. The 



son Frank George died in April, 1912, and 
by his marriage to Stella Bash had one 
daughter, Alice Emma. The daughter Ida 
Marie is the wife of Eugene Bottke, and 
has a son named Carl. Arthur W. is asso- 
ciated with his father in business, and 
has a daughter, Janet, by his marriage to 
Ora Elder. 

Addusox C. Harris, a lawyer of note and 
president of the Indiana Bar Association, 
was bom in Wayne County, Indiana, Oc- 
tober 1, 1840. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1865, and engaged in practice in 
Indianapolis, which city is still hia home. 
During 1877-79 Mr. Harris served as a 
member of the Indiana Senate, and a few 
years later, in 1888, was a candidate for 
Congress, while in 1899-1901 he was con- 
nect4»d with foreign affairs in Austria-Hun- 
gary. His political affiliations are with 
the republican party. 

On the 8th of May, 1868. Mr. Harris 
married India C. Crago, of Connersville, 
Indiana. 

Frank R. Manning is one of the alert 
and projrressive business men of Newcastle, 
member of the tinn Manning and Arm- 
strong, plumbing, heating and electrical 
contracting. 

Mr. Manning was born near Maysville, 
Kentucky, in 1889, son of B. P. and I^ttie 
(Ilorton) Manning. He is of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry, and most of his ancestors have 
been identified with agriculture. As a boy in 
Kentucky he attended the country schools 
and helpe<l on the farm. In 1903, when 
he was fcmrteen years old, his parents 
moved to Knightstown, Indiana, where soon 
afterward he obtained work in a buggy 
factory. Later for two rears he was in the 
Action Department of the Fren<'h & Sons 
Piano Company. He accpiired a practical 
knowhnlgc of gastitting with the Indiana 
Public Senice Company for a year and a 
half, and with other firms gained an expert 
knowledge of plumbing and heating. Fin- 
ally he capital i?:e<l his experience and pro- 
ti<iency !»v joining Mr. R. J. Arm.strong 
under the name Manning & Armstrong, 
and th4\v have develope<l a business of sul>- 
stantial j>rop(>rtions reaching far (mt in the 
conntrv di^tri^'ts of Ilenrv (^>untv. 

• • • 

In 191.'? Mr. Manning married Miss 
Kuirene Poind4*xter. dauirhter of J. J. Poin- 
dextcr. Thev hav(» one soit, Richard 




INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Eugene, born in 1914. Mr. Manning votes 
independently in local affaira but is a strong 
supporter of President Wilson in the na- 
tional and international policies of the pres- 
ent administration. He and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Mr. Manning has depended upon 
his own efforts to advance him in life, 
and with good ability, honest intentions 
and straightforward performance has gone 
far along the road to success. 

t'li.Mtij^ Otis I)«r>s«)N was a successful 
merchant ami bnsineKs man of Indianap- 
olis l)cfore his iianie was Hssoi-iatcd with 
any important public office. He was ap- 
pointed to till an unexpired term as sheriff 
of Marion ('onnty, and the courts of jus- 
tice never had a more prompt and effi- 
cient admiiiistrativc nffiicr. 

His home has U'cn in Indianapolis since 
early childhood, but he was Wm in (,'oles 
County, Illinois, September 10, 1K78. His 
frrandfather l)<Klson was a Civil war 
Boblier. His father is William T. I>o«lson. 
who fur many yctirs has liecii a salesman 
representing furniture stores and factories. 
Sheriff Dodsons mother was a Robinson, 
of the uote<l family of that name long con- 
spicuous in the circus and show business. 

The scho(ds Sheriff Dodson attended 
when a boy were schools Xos. 5 and 15 in 
Indianapolis. He was only a lad when 
he enteretl the (rrocery establishment of 
O. y. Calvin on West Washington Street. 
He drove a deliver)- wagon for that limi 
several years, was promotetl to salesman, 
and twelve years from the time he l>egan 
work he was in a )>osition to )>uy out the 
business. lie l>e<*ame proprietor in June. 
1903, the store having in the meantime 
been movetl to .>!.'> Indiana Avenue. Mr. 
I>o<lson was' one ••[ the enteri>rising grocers 
of the city nnlil 191'), when he retired from 
husiitess to accept the position of inspei'tor 
of weiffhts and measures for Marion Coun- 
ty. Then when Sheriff Coffin left the 
county government to iHtume chief of 
police of the lily Mr. D^Nlson was appointed 
his succi'Ksor. holding the office until Janu- 
ary 1. 19i;t. 

He has lieen a factor in republican party 
affaini through a number of state and Iwal 
campaigns. He is n meinl*er of the Marion 
Club, is a Scottisli Rite Masnn and Shriner. 
and is affiliated with the KniirhtM of Py- 
thias and the Kratemal Order of Eagles. 



November 4, 1903, Mr. Dodsoo married 
Miss Minnie T. Carpenter, who was bom 
at Madison, Indiana. They have two chil- 
dren, Lida Elizabeth and Howard Otis. 

Wn,LJ.VM X. PiCKEN. The name Pieken 
has had honorable associations with the 
life of Indiana for the past seventy years, 
and particularly with banking and busi- 
ness affairs at Tipton and latterly at In- 
dianapolis. 

The older generation of the family was 
represente<l by the late William Pieken. 
He was born in (ilasgow, Scotland, Nov- 
emWr 21, 18IW. At the age of fourteen, 
with his widowed mother and two sisters 
and two brothers, he crossed the ocean to 
America on an old slow going sailing ves- 
sel. The family came on to Indiana and 
located on a tract of land in the south- 
western part of Tipton County. The three 
sons, Ro))ert, John and William, always 
eoiilinued as partners in business and they 
grew up on the farm with their widowed 
mother. Too much cannot be said of the 
courage and fortitude of the mother of 
these sons. She did not hesitate to brave 
the uncertainties of American pioneer life 
in order that those near and dear to her 
might have opportunities beyond those ob- 
tainable in the old world conditions. She 
reared her children through adversities, 
molded them into good citizenship, and 
they became a credit to her name and to 
her sacrifices. 

From the farm the Pieken brothers fin- 
ally removed to Tipton, where they en- 
gaged in merchandising in the early his- 
tory of that city. Prosperity came to them, 
for they were thoroughly honorable and 
had the thrift that is proverbial with the 
Scottish people. In 1881 the Pieken 
brothers founded the T'nion Bank at Tip- 
Ion. This was continued in successful 
operation until 1906. when, owing to the 
death of members of the Arm. the hank 
Ii<|uidated all its obligations and went oat 
of business. 

While William Pieken had no more than 
an ordinary education he waa a close stn- 
dent and oheerver. knew and appreciated 
the importance of current events, and come 
to he recognized as an authority on many 
matters connected with the conduet 
of hanking and bosinens affain. In poli- 
tics he was a repabliean, but never ap- 
pearetl as i candidate for public oflBee. In 




INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1691 



retiffion he was a Btrict Presbyteriaa. He 
wan a man nf charity, took broad and lib- 
eral views toward his fellow men and in an 
HnoNt«ntalioutt way contributed to worthy 
bencvolciil olijwtjt. William I'lekeii mar- 
ried Alxena Campbell. She was born in 
KuHh County, Indiana, daughter of Na- 
thaniel l'atripl>eli. In VMl William Picken 
anil his faiuilv removc^l tn Indianapolis, 
where he did April 26, 1907. Ilix widow, 
Mnt. Pii-kcn, is Mill living. 

Their only son is* William N. I'ii-ken, 
widely known in buHiness circles at the 
enpital. He wax Ixini at Tipton, Indiana. 
January '2H, \>*6'.K was reared and edmated 
in bis native cily, and from lioyhotKl hud 
a thorough training in the work of a mer- 
chant. After i-oming to In<)iana)iolts in 
\'Mi\ he became interested in the I'liited 
States Encaustic Tile Works, and is •.k.w 
vice president of that large and inijwrttint 
corporation. He has various other priv- 
ate buHincKH interests to which he gives bia 
attention, is a republican and a meml'cr 
of the Presbvlerian <'hun-h. Kelirunr'- S, 
1893. Mr. Picket! niarrieil Annie ii. Mc- 
Collcy. daughter of Henry ». M.-Coll-y. 
of Tipton. They have one daughter, Ag- 



t'l.YKRC'Si (i. I.EKOY is an Indiunajxilis 
manufacturer. The point in significance 
to his career is that he has been :'oiitent 
not merely with the manufacture nf a 
standard line of goods, which might \>c 
duplicated by other faetnrie». hut has gone 
titrward in his Hpecializalioii until his proil- 
uct is now probably the premier of its kind 
in the entire world, aiid the patronage is 
enough to convince and demonstrale this 
unique standing. 

Mr. Leedy. who is president of the 
Ijeedy Manufacturing Company, mnnufjic- 
turers of "everything for the band and 
orchestra dnimmer." wa.s born in Ilnn- 
cock Conntv. Ohio, in 1HG7. a son of Isahc 
li. and Mary (Struble) I-eedy. When he 
was four years old his parents removed to 
Kostoria. Ohio, where he grew up and re- 
ceived his education. 

The beginning of his career as a drum 
manufacturer was not by the simple pro- 
ee« of following an ambition to become a 
manufacturer of some article and delilter- 
ately ehooaing to manufacture drums. 
The making of drums was in fact a grad- 
ual drttltipTaeot from a previous experi- 




ence as a drummer, and he was called one 
of the must expert professional dniminen 
long before his name was thought of in 
connection with manufacturing. Probably 
every drummer is a boy drummer, since 
the art does not lend itself readily to mas- 
tery after the period of boyhood is past. 
]liH first regular engagement as a drum- 
mer was with the Ureal Western Band at 
Cedar Point, Ohio, and be waa with that 
organization for throe years. For several 
years he also traveled on the road with 
thcairiial organi/.atioiw. These wander- 
ings brought him to Indianapolis, and for 
ten years he was trap drummer of the 
Kiiglish Ojiera House Orchestra. 

His father van a proficient mechanic, 
and probably from him be inherited me- 
I'hanicul traits. Thus while traveling about 
Ihc road he made drums for himself and 
other pcrfonners, and it waa his success 
a-s an umatcur drum maker that brought 
him into the mannfaituring field in earnest. 

His present iiidustrj- began in 1898, 
when he established a umalt shop in the 
old Cyclorama Uuilding at Indianapolis. 
There wa.s a gradual but steady growth to 
the business. In 19<I3 this was incorpor- 
aUnl as the U'edy Manufacturing Com- 
jiany. Allogi-ther twenty years of experi- 
ence have gtme into this induxtry, and the 
organization tiwiay represent* and reflects 
the experience, the study, personal skill 
and organizing ability of Mr. I'. 0. I.ieedy. 
The company has had several locations and 
planl.i. but the greatest period of expan- 
sion has come within the last decade. At 
pre-sent the l.rf^e<iy plant on Palmer Street 
compri.ses several large modem factories 
and warehouses and offieefi, and the liter- 
ature of the Indianapolis Chamber of 
Commerce mentions it as one of the largest 
musical instniment factories in the world. 
A)H>ut sixty people are employed, most of 
them skilled specialists, whu received their 
training direi-tly from -Mr. I-eeily himself, 
who is accorded the position by competent 
anthoriiies of being a master dnim maker. 
The principal pn)duct is the drum, though 
Tinmemus accessories for the band and or- 
chestra are manufactured, chiefly those be- 
longing to the trap dnimmer's extensive 
equipment. It is of neeessity a highly 
specializeii industry, and is from flirt to 
last the pm<ini-t of Ihc genius and industry 
of Mr I^dy. 

Mr. Leedy married Miss Zoa I. Ilaehet. 



1692 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Her father was a native of Alsace Lor- 
raine. They are the parents of four chil- 
dren, Eugene Bradford, Mary Isabel, Ed- 
win Hollis and Dorothy May. 

r 

Mark Storen Is a lawj'er by profession, 
with about thirty-five years of membership 
in the Indiana bar. He has filled many 
places of trust and honor in local and state 
politics, and in recent years is most widely 
known through his incumbency of the oflRce 
of United States marshal of Indiana. 

Mr. Storen has spent most of his life in 
Indiana, but was born in Columbia County, 
New York, April 12, 1857. His parents, 
Michael and Mrs. (Whalen") Storen, were 
both natives of Ireland. II is father came 
to the riiited States when about thirtv 
years of age and married in New York. 
A farmer by occupation, he lived in Scott 
County, Indiana, from 1865 until his 
death. 

Mark Storen was eight years old when 
his parents came to Scott County, Indiana, 
and he grew up on the home farm near 
Lexington. lie was educated in the com- 
mon sch(M)ls, and also spent two years in 
the State .Normal School at Terre Haute. 
To pay his tuition in the State Normal he 
taught, and continued that work for a 
time after leaving school. Mr. Storen took 
up the study of law in the office of Judge 
Jeptha I). New at Vernon, Indiana, and 
was admitte<i to the bar in 1882. For a 
year l>efore beginning active law practice 
he served as a railway mail clerk between 
Indianapolis and Loui.sville. 

Mr. Storen was a practicing lawyer of 
Sc<»ttsburg. Indiana, until July, 19l4. 
However, he had in the meantime many 
other responsibilities. In I)e<»cml)er. 1884. 
with Charles ('. Foster he founded the 
Scott County Journal, a democratic organ. 
This |>apcr is still in existence. In 1889 
Mr. StoHMi reliiKiuished his ne^»*spaper, 
having been elected county clerk of Scott 
Ciuuity. lie st-rved in that posit i<m eight 
years, having hvm reelectt^l in 1S92. In 
1912 Mr. Storen was electe<i to repn*sent 
his home county in the State Legislature, 
an<i durinj; tlit» follt»\viiig session was chair- 
man of the judiciary (Mmimittee. a menilH»r 
of tilt* eoiinnittee of ways and means, rail- 
roads conuiiittee and others. He has the 
di*»tincti«)n of Uinur author of the first reir- 
istratit»n law in Indiana and als<» was 
autht»r of the law compelling inter>irban 



railways to carry freight, and introduced 
a number of other well advised measures. 

In July, 1914, Mr. Storen was appointed 
by President Wilson United States marshal 
of the State of Indiana, and in the dis- 
charge of those duties has had his home at 
the capital city. As the executive officer 
of the United States courts in Indiana it 
has been Mr. Storen 's disagreeable duty 
to carry out the orders of those courts 
during the recent election fraud cases of 
the state. As a result of these trials there 
followed a wholesale arrest of many promi- 
nent men of the state involved in the elec- 
tion frauds, and it has been stated that 
Mr. Storen as United States marshal was 
called upon to arrest more individuals than 
any other previous incumbent of that 
office. 

He is a loyal democrat, is active in Ma- 
sonr\', in the Lodge, Chapter and Council 
of the York Rite and in the thirty-second 
degree Scottish Kite, also belongs to the 
Mystic Shrine, to the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and the Knights of 
Pythias. In 1888 Mr. Storen married 
Minerva E. Cravens, of Scottsburg. They 
have one daughter. Merle, now Mrs. Law- 
rence E. Kecves, of Indianapolis. 

Oliver T. Bvram, president of the By- 
ram Foundry and also president of the 
By ram Estate, both institutions that have 
solid standing among Indianapolis business 
men, has doubtless found one of his great- 
est satisfaction in his ability to continue 
the business and in some important respects 
the influences that emanated from the char- 
acter of his honored father, the late Nor- 
man S. By ram. 

Norman S. Byram, a resident of Indian- 
apolis from 1842 until his death in 1902, 
was lK)rn in New York State and was a 
small child when his parents came to In- 
diana and lcH*ated at BnMikville. There he 
attende<l school for a brief time, but at the 
age of twelve came to Indianapolis. His 
own exert icuis gave him his education, and 
he had to look to the same source for his 
success in business. II is first employer was 
Oliver Tousey, a pioneer merchant of In- 
diarnipolis. who f<»und in young Byram an 
assistant whos«* value was not measured by 
his salarv alone. In time the finn of OH- 
ver Tousey In^caine the Tous<\v-Byram Com- 
pany, later was eonducteii as Byram, Cor- 




""N 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1693 



nelius & Company, and the (rn*at business 
of thiH firm was finally Hold to D. P. Irwin 
& Company. Norman S. Byraro among 
other important financial interests was 
president of the Capital National Bank. 

His contemporaries say he was always 
seekinjjT some opportunity to better condi- 
tions in the city. Once he frankly sought 
the office of councilman, was elected and 
l>e<'amc president of the board, and in that 
capacity personally conducteil raids on the 
vice and gambling places, and probably 
cleaned up the city as effectually for the 
time as ever in its history. He was also 
a member of the county council one term. 
II is contributi<ms to charity were many, 
but given quietly. During one of the w<»rst 
rtooiis in the Ohio Valley he was a incml)or 
of the committee representing the local 
board of trade and worked unremittingly 
for days until hundreds of cas<»s of real 
distress were providecl for. He was a Ma- 
son and in politics a republican. 

He was seventy-two when he died in 
1902. He marrieil Isabel Pursel, tnm\ Har- 
rison. Ohio. They were the parents of four 
children : IlenrA- 0., who for a number of 
vears was connected with the Byram Foun- 
dry, died in 1909; Mrs. William Gates, of 
Indianapolis; Oliver T.; and Norman S. 

Oliver T. Byram was born at Indian- 
apolis in 1869. The business and civic posi- 
tion of his father naturally lent favorable 
auspices to his own youth. He finished his 
education in the city high school, and ac- 
quired his business training in his father's 
store. In 1892 he went to work for the 
Cleveland Fence Company, which after a 
few years was changed to the Byram Foun- 
dry. This is one of the industries that 
give character to the city. Its plant covers 
nearly two acres, loi»ated at the intersection 
of Biddle Street with the railroad tracks. 
The principal output is grey-inm castings, 
and at this \%riting fully 90*?^ of the work 
is directly or in<lirectlv for the Cnited 
Stat<»s or the Allies. 

A verv active business man, Mr. Bvram 
is also secretary -treasurer of th(» Indian- 
apolis Warehouse Company, is treasurer of 
the (fHMM'rs Coffee CoTn|>aiiy, and is execu- 
tiv<» h<*ad of the Bvrain Estate. He is a 

• 

republi<*an. inein!»er of the Cinversity Club, 
Marion < lul). Country Club, Canoe Club, 
(•ernian House and Turnv(*n*in. and has 
MaM»iiii> (M.niuM'tioii^ with Mvstic Tie 
Lodge, An^'ient Free and Ac<M»pted Masons. 



the Scottish Rite bodies and the M3r8tic 
Shrine. Religiously he is a member of All 
Souls Cnitarian Church. 

Mr. Byram married Miss Natalie Driggs, 
daughter of N. S. Driggs of Indianapolia 
Mrs. Byram died in 1915, leaving one 
daughter, Betsy. 

F. Q. IlrajXR. The spirit of initiative 
and enterprise has been moving in the 
career of F. Q. Heller from early boyhood, 
and accounts for his various rapid promo- 
tions and his achievements in business af- 
fairs. He is now widely known in amuse- 
ment circles in Indiana and is secretary and 
managing director of the Meridian Amuse- 
ment Company of Anderson, where he re- 
sides. 

He was born at Washburn, Illinois, in 
1885, and when he was two years of age 
his parents, George F. and Emma (Beyer) 
Heller, moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
where they still reside. His father has 
been a traveling salesman and has repre- 
sented different houses in his day. The 
ancestry is a mixture of French and (Jer- 
man, and Mr. F. G. Heller's grandfather, 
George Heller, came from Alsace-Lorraine 
when a young man and settled in l^enry 
County, Indiana, where he cleared up a fine 
farm of 260 acres. He lived there until 
his death at the age of ninety-two. It was 
on that farm that George F. Heller was 
born, the second in a family of eight chil- 
dren. 

At Fort Wayne F. G. Heller attended 
the public schools and for three months 
was in high school. He left school to begrin 
work as rate clerk and inspector with the 
Fort Wayne Electric Company, n^w a 
branch of the General Electric Company 
of America. While he was working there 
he was improving his advantages by at- 
tending a night commercial college, and he 
paid his tuition in that school by solicit- 
ing pupils for the college. Thus Mr. Hel- 
ler devised a practical system of vocational 
e<lucation himself, making his education fit 
into the nee<ls of his growing experience. 
After his work in the Fort Wayne Com- 
mercial School he took correspondence 
courses with the International Correspond- 
ence School. In the meantime he was ad- 
van<'ed to the position of time and cost 
clerk in the Electric Company, and was 
given those responsibilities when only 
twenty years of age. Frrai that he was 



1694 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



promoted to stock clerk and assistant to 
the purchasing agent and continued with 
the company until 1913. 

In the meantime his energies had sought 
other outlets. In such spare time as he 
had from his main employment he con- 
structed a moving picture house, seating 
a hundred twenty-five people. He did the 
actual work, even to putting in the seats 
and making his own screens. lie operated 
this little theater at a profit and sold the 
business in SeptemlxT, 1912. During thase 
years in business at Fort Wayne Mr. Hel- 
ler had his home at Monroeville, traveling 
back and forth every day. 

Coming to Anderson, Mr. Heller went 
to work for O. H. Heine in the Meridian 
AmustMntMit Company, a Fort Wayne con- 
cern. This company built the present 
Meridian Theater at 1035 Meridian Street, 
and under the management of Mr. Heller 
this has proved one of the most profitable 
amusement houses in Madi.son County. He 
is an equal st(H'kht)lder in the company, 
liater he bought the Starland Theater, the 
largest in Antlerson, and has put this on 
a paying basis. He is also managing di- 
rector of the Fischer Theater at Danville, 
Illinois, the largest amusement house in 
that city, and in March, 1918, he bought 
the Washington Theater at Richmond, In- 
diana. He is a stockholder in the Madison 
Motor Company of Anderson. 

At the age of twenty-two Mr. Heller 
married Miss Maud I^ackey, daughter of 
Aloysius and Martha (Westover) Ijackey 
of Fort Wayne. Her father was a con- 
tractor and buihler. The Westovers are 
an old Knglish family, and on coming to 
this t»ountry first .settled in Massachusetts. 
Mr. and Mrs. Heller have one child, Milton 
Frank, horn in 1913. 

Outside of his business Mr. Heller has 
many interests. He is a meml)er of the 
National Organization of the Advertising 
Club, is artiv«» as a denuKTat, meniln^r of 
the IVt'sbyterian Church, l)elongs to the 
American Exhibitors' Association, and in 
MaMMiry is afliliatiNl with S. H. Hayless 
liodgt* No. 3ri?». Anci(*nt Fret* and Accepted 
Masons, at Fort Wayne, and with the 
Anderson (Srotto of Master Masons. He 
als4» U'longs to Andervin Lo<lge of Elks, 
Anderson I^nlge No. 747. In<lependent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and is a memU'r of 
the Phi Delta Kappa of Anderson. 



John James Piatt, famous as an author, 
poet and editor, was bom at Jamea Mills 
in Dearborn County, Indiana, March 1, 
1835, a son of John Bear and Emily 
(Soott) Piatt. His early connections with 
industrial life were as a clerk in the United 
States treasury department, later as lib- 
rarian in the United States House of Rep- 
resentatives, and as a United States Con- 
sul at Cork, Ireland, and later at Dublin. 
His many contributions of prose and poetry 
have won him renown. 

Mr. Piatt on the 18th of June, 1861, was 
married to Sarah Morgan Br>'an. They 
reside at North Bend, Hamilton County, 
Ohio. 

Charity Dye is an Indianan who by rea- 
son of her long and valuable service could 
not l)e denied a place among the notable 
women of the state. The service by which 
her name is now best known to the people 
of Indiana is as a member of the Indiana 
Historical Commission, to which she was 
appointed in 1915 and reappointed in 1917. 

She was born of Huguenot-Dutch and 
English ancestry in Ma.sou County, Ken- 
U\ok\\ October 15, 1849, was educated in 
country schools, in Mayslick Academy and 
in McClain In.stitute at Indianapolis. She 
is iilso a graduate of the Normal School of 
Indianapolis, has taken advanced work in 
the summer schools of Cleveland and of 
Harvard University, and in 1900 received 
her degree Ph. B. from the University of 
Chicago. 

For over thirty -seven years Charity Dye 
was a teacher in the graded and high 
schools of Indianapolis, and when all in 
said doubtless that is the work for which 
she will longest desene the gratitude of 
the people of that city. She has always 
l)een pn>minent in suffrage and club work, 
and as an author she is known by the fol- 
lowing titles: **The Story Tellers Art," 
**Iiftters and letter Writing,** "Once 
Upon a Time in Indiana,** and ''Some 
Torch Bearers in Indiana.** She also wrote 
'•The Word Book*' of the New Harmony 
Pageant for the Centennial in 1914. She 
n'siflf^ at ll^U Broadway, Indianapolis. 

• 
Anthony Pran<sk. One of the sutistan- 

tial business men ami highly respected citi- 
zens of Indianapolis, with the interests of 
which city he has been honorably identified 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1695 



for many yrars, whs born Fcl)niary 24, 
1841, in (.*ammaer, WcMtphalia, Schaum- 
beri^-Lippe. Germany. IIIh part*nt8 were 
Henry and Christiana ( Meier j Prange. 

Henry Pranj^e spent his entire life in 
(termany and died there in 1^61, when 
a^red tifty-ei^fht years. He was a farmer 
an<l also a publie official, for a nuinl>er 
of years Ikmo^t the revenue rolleetor in his 
tlistrirt. Hf married Christiana Meier, 
who was born in the same nei^hborh(K>d. 
and died in (iennany in LsGr>, at the aj^e 
of sixty-five years. lioth wrre lifelonjr 
members of the Lutheran Chureh. To 
their marriage one dau^jhttT and tive sons 
uen* born, and of th<' latter three came 
to the Tnited States: William, Charhvs 
j*nii Anthonv. 

William I'ram^e, the ehh'st. left (Jer- 
manv in earlv manhood and aft(>r reach- 
in^f the Tnited States located first in 
Kh(Mle Island, where he found empl<»ymciit 
in the w<H)llen mills, and from there went 
to Brooklyn. New York, and finally die*! 
there. Charles Pran^fc came to the I'nited 
States in isr>4 and embarked in the procery 
busiiH'ss at Cumberland, Indiana, which is 
not far distant from Indianapolis, and 
afterward eame to this eitv and entere<l 
the employ of llenr\' and (tus Sehnull. and 
eontinue<i with them during the period of 
the Civil war and so en);a{2re<i their eonfi- 
denee that he fre<|uently was entrusted 
with the .shipment and delivery- of poultry 
even aa far south as New Orleans. After- 
wani he was in partnership with Frecleriek 
Ostermeyer in a j?ro<*ery business on East 
Washinjrton Stret^t. Indianapolis. 

Anthony Pranpe was j^iven the usual 
educational a<ivantatf«*s of his cla.ss in Oer- 
manv, and afterwanl during; the summer 
teaaoDB worked at the earpenter trade and 
in the winters in the sujrar mills. In 1864, 
when twenty -three years old, he foUoweil 
his tw(» brothers. William an«l Charles, to 
the Cnited Stati's. His first work here was 
done as an employe of the Hijr Four Rail- 
n»ad. as a carpenter. I^ter on, when Mr. 
Ostermeyer and his brother. Charles 
Pranir»\ di>s<»lve<l partnership, the former 
p>injr into the wh<desale business. Charles 
Pran^re eontinue^l in the retail line and em- 
ployed Anthony in his store for one year 
as a clerk ami later admitteci him to a 
partnership. The brothers eontinueil to- 
irether on Washinjrton Stn^t for ten yearn 
and then Anthony sold his interest to his 



brother Charles and moved to Massachu- 
setts Avenue and St. Clair Street, where 
he opened a general store. Three years 
later he erected the commodious and con- 
venient store building at No. 812 Maasa- 
ehus<*tts Avenue. 

Mr. Pranpe continued active in business 
in this city for forty-five years. lie eame 
uith but little capital but has accumulated 
a comftirtable fortune throu^^h persistent 
industry and honorable business methods. 
N'ery siMiu after reachiiifif the Cnited States 
•Mr. Pranjre in<li<'ate<l his intention of mak- 
ini; this land his permanent home and in 
]>t\7i Took out his first citizenship papers 
and in ISTO received his final papers. He 
is a loyal and patriotic citizen and is hon- 
ored and n»spe<'t<Ml wherever known. 

At Indianapolis, Indiana, on March 10, 
1865, Mr. Prange was married to Miss 
Caroline Schwier, who is a daughter of 
Aujrnst Schwier. She was l>orn July 13, 
IMT), ill To<lh<Mdiausen, Prussia, alMuit ten 
miles distant fn»m the birthplace of Mr. 
Pranjre. She was a passenger on the same 
ship that brouj^dit Mr. Prange to the 
Cnited Statics in 1S()4. Mr. and Mrs. 
Prange have had nine children, the sur- 
vivors being: Kdwaird. who is secretary' of 
the Indiarm Dry (ioo<ls Company of In- 
dianapolis; Caroline M.. who resides at 
home; Bertha, who is the wife of Oscar 
Theobald, of Peru. Indiaim; and Walter 
C. Those deceased were Anthony, Mar>', 
Th«M)dore. Frank and John. 

On coming to In<iianapolis Mr. Prang 
ifleiititied himself with St. PauCs Lutheran 
Church. In 187ri he became one of eighty- 
one charter members of Trinitv Lutheran 
Church and for five years served as treas- 
urer (»f the organization and for twelve 
vears was a meml)er of the board of trus- 
tees. He has l»een earnest and consistent 
in his n'ligious activities and has given 
substantial assistance to the building of 
four churches in this city and has been 
very helpful in the matter of Lutheran 
schcK)ls an<l the maintenance of the Luth- 
eran Orphans' Home. In summing up 
the men who have contribute<l to the up- 
building of Indianapolis as a great trade 
center ami a prosperous city the name of 
Anthonv Prange must be included in the 
Ikt 

« 
* 

George A. Weidelt. This is a name 
that probaUy stands for as much in the 



1696 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



modem industrial Indianapolis as any 
that might be spoken. Weidely motors 
now lend efficiency to both national and 
international industry, and it is his 
achievement in developing one of the 
highest types of motors that probably will 
give Mr. Weidely his permanent fame. 

All the real experiences and achieve- 
ments of his life have identified him with 
America. However, he was bom in Switz- 
erland, December 19, 1870, and his parents 
were also natives of that Republic. His 
work at high school in Switzerland was of 
such grade that he was given a scholarship 
in one of the national technical schools, 
where he spent two years. That scholar- 
ship is efjuivalcnt in this country to an 
appointment to West Point, since the 
technical training thus afforded was in lieu 
of a more formal military discipline. At 
the end of two years of hard study the 
spirit of adventure which could no longer 
be reprcHscd brought Mr. Weidely at the 
age of 8event<*on to America. He reached 
this country in 1887 and was soon working 
at the machinist's trade at Akron, Ohio. 
He also acquired in that city a practical 
knowledge of the rubber industry, and for 
a time was with the B. F. Qoo<lrich Com- 
pany. Mr. Weidely came to Indianapolis 
in October, 1897, and for a time was master 
mechanic and later superintendent of the 
Q. & J. Tire Company. He was associated 
with H. 0. Smith in giving the 0. & J. 
tire its wonderful success. 

Recently the Horseless Age, the oldest 
automobile journal in the world, published 
a brief sketch of Mr. Weidely, two para- 
graphs from which will serve to describe 
his later achievements: 

**0n the day before Christmas, 1902, 
these two men (Mr. Smith and Mr. Weid- 
ely) were instrumental in organizing the 
Premier Motor Manufacturing Company, 
with Mr. Weidely in charge of engineer- 
ing, and the splendid, sterling worth of 
that car in the hands of the public, in 
Olidden tours and record runs demon- 
stratcfl that (itK)rjre Weidely was not only 
a successful tire manufacturer but an auto- 
mobile designer alM)ve the ordinary. 

"Finally, after fourteen years, the 
disintegration of the old Pn»mier Company 
pave<l the way for the realization of a long 
eherish<Ml dream — th«» exclusive manufac- 
ture of a * Weidely ' motor. And though the 
Weidely Motors Company, with George A. 



Weidely as vice president and general man- 
ager, was organized late in the spring of 
1915, twice in this short time has it had 
to seek more commodious quarters, and 
the busy hum o{ machines in its present 
modem factory building, covering 128,000 
feet of floor space devoted exclusively to 
the manufacture of motors, tell its own 
story of a dream materialized." 

As this quotation indicates Mr. Weidely 
really made the Premier Motor car famous, 
but the motor designed by him and which 
bears his name has overshadowed his earlier 
accomplishments as an automobile designer. 
Mr. Weidely has various mechanical de- 
vices which he has patented. He had the 
first patent on the Q. D. rim now univer- 
sally used. All his inventions are applied 
to the automobile industry. 

Mr. Weidely is justly proud of his 
American citizenship and America is 
justly proud of him as a citizen. His work 
is really one of the chapters in the history 
of American industrialism. 

Mr. Weidely is a Protestant in religion, 
is a member of the Masonic Order, belongs 
to the Columbia and other social and 
benevolent organizations and has affilia- 
tions with many automobile societies and 
clubs. In 1893 he married Miss Jennie 
Long. They have one son, in whom they 
take a great deal of pride, Walter A. 
Weidely, service manager of the Stutz Mo- 
tor Company of Indianapolis. He married 
Miss Helen Link. 

Hon. WnjjAM D. Woods, a member of 
the State Legislature from Marion County, 
and for the past seven years practicing 
law in the capital city, belongs to a family 
that has been in Indiana for a full cen* 
tur>'. 

John Woods, his great-grandfather, came 
from Pennsylvania and settled on a virgin 
tract of land in what was then Dearborn, 
now Ohio County in 1817. John Woods 
spent the rest of his days reclaiming his 
share of the wilderness and was one of the 
men who bore the hardships and burdens 
of pioneer life in the southern part of the 
state. William Woods, one of his children, 
was born in Pennsylvania in 1816 and was 
just a year old when the family came to 
Indiana, lie married Lydia Downey of a 
family long prominent in the affairs of 
the nation. One of the children bom to 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1697 



this union was Robert E. Woodfi, father of 
the Indianapolis lawyer. 

The WooiU family for the most part has 
not attained to nor sought the distinctions 
which are out of the ordinary'. As a rule 
they have followed agricultural pursuits, 
have lived clean, upright lives, paid their 
honest debts, worshiped as Methodists and 
voted the democratic ticket. That to a 
large degree was the experience of Robert 
E. Woods, who grew up as a farmer boy 
and during his early manhood taught 
school about ten years. I^ater he was 
elected and served a terra as county super- 
intendent of si^hooLs. He married Ruth A. 
Armstrong, and they now re«ide at In- 
dianapolis. 

Mr. William D. Woods was born Febru- 
arv 5, 1S83. He had onlv the usual ex- 
periences of an Indiana boy. and ac<|uire<l 
his education bt^vond the common schools 
as a result of his own earnings and ambi- 
tion. In 1904 he went to work as a clerk 
for the Big Four Railroad Ccnnpany. In 
1907 he was made freight claim investi- 
gator for the Illinois Central Railway Com- 
pany, with headquarters in Chicago, and 
had his home in that city until 1910. In 
the meantime he was employing all the 
time he could get for the study of law, and 
in June, 1910, was graduated from the Chi- 
cago Ijaw School. Since that date he has 
followed his chosen calling in Indianapolis, 
where he is now looked upon as one of the 
abler members of the younger contingent 
in the local bar. 

He has always taken a keen interest in 
public affairs, and during the administra- 
tion of Mayor Shank was a meml>er of the 
Board of Safety. Mr. WockIs has departed 
from the political customs and pr<»ce<ience 
of his forefathers and is a republican. In 
1916 he was elected to represent Marion 
County in the State I>*gislature, and took 
an active part in the seventieth session. 
In that session he was chairman of the com- 
mittee on corporations, and he introduced 
thn»e bills which l>ecame la^-s. One of these 
is f(»r simplifying appellate court proced- 
ure, another defines and relates to second 
degre<» anwm. and a third is a law affecting 
the juris<licti(»n of the Probate Court. 

Mr. Woods is affiliatei] with the Masonic 
fraternity, ami is a past muster of Ix>gan 
Ixxige \r>. 7u/i, Free an<l Ac<*t»pted Masons, 
is pn»scnt high priest of Indiana|)olis 
Chapter No. 5, Royal Arch Masons, is mas- 



ter of Indianapolis Council No. 2, Royal 
and Select Masons, and is a member of 
Indiana Consistory, Valley of Indianapolis, 
ot the Scottish Rite and of Murat Temple 
of the Mystic Shrine. October 10, 1916, 

Mr. Woods married Miss Lillian dinger. 

« 

Hervey Bates. Ninety-five years ago 
every person then living within the limits 
of Marion County knew Hervey Bates, 
most of them personally. If the same 
name is not known so universally in the 
county at the present time it is merely 
due to the physical im]>oKsibility of any 
cue man to have a personal acquaintance 
uith several hundred thousand people. At 
the pn*sent time there are living in In- 
dianapolis three men named Hervey Bates, 
grandfather, father and son. 

The original Hervey Bates was ap- 
pointed the tirst sheriff of Marion County 
by (fovernor tJennings in 1822. His ap- 
pointment came l)efore he had taken up his 
residence in Marion County. Hervey 
Bates was born at old Fort Washington, 
now Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1795. He was 
given his father s name, so that the name 
Hervey has persisted through at least five 
successive generations of the family. 
Hervey Bates, Sr., served under Generals 
Wayne and Ilarmer as ** Master of Trans- 
I)ortation*' during the Indian wars in the 
Northwest. His duties were to forward 
pn)visions and munitions of war from the 
frontier po.sts to the soldiers at the front. 
Sheriff Bates through the early death of 
his mother and the remarriage of his father 
\ienX to Warren, Ohio, when* he grew up 
and receiveil his early education. At the 
age of twenty-one he went to Brookville, 
Indiana, and there met and fell in love 
with Miss Sidney Sedgwick, a cousin of 
Oen. James Noble, one of the most con- 
spicuous early characters in Indiana his- 
tory. Owing to parental objections the 
young couple ran away and were married. 

In 1816, at Brookville, Ileney Bates 
cast his first vote.' This was for a delegate 
to form a constitution for the new state 
of Indiana. A short time later he re- 
moved with his young wife to Conners- 
ville, and from there in 1822 came to In- 
dianapolis, which was then a mere site in 
the wildenu»ss, deriving its importance 
from the fact that it had been established 
as the future capital of Indiana. The 
town consisted of only a imaU eoUeetion 



1698 



INDIANA AND INDIAJ^ANS 



of log cabins. As the first sheriflf of 
Marion County Ilervey Bates issued a 
proclamation calling for an election on 
April 1, 1822. This was the first election 
in the county. Hervey Hates was not so 
much of a politician as he was a business 
man, and for many years he was prominent 
as a pioneer merchant of Indianapolis, a 
business which gave him a substantial 
fortune. 

His name is associate<l with many of the 
first undertakings and institutions of In- 
dianapolis. Ho was the first president of 
the ** Branch of the State Bank'* at In- 
dianapolis and filled that office ten years. 
He was also instrumental in the fonna- 
tion of the earliest insurance company, 
was a stockholder in the first hotel coV- 
poration. and in the fii-st railroad finished 
to the rapital. He was identified with the 
first Gas, Light & Coke Company and in 
many other enterprisers having for their 
ol»je«*t the public welfare. He was a raem- 
Ix'r of the .Masonic Lodge of Indianapolis. 
In 1852 Hervey Bates began the erection 
of what bceaine known far and wide as the 
Bah»s House, one of the foremast hotels 
of its day. Hervey Bates passes.se<l a vast 
amount of cnerg}*, mental and physical, 
and with it came the rugged honesty that 
made his name as long as he lived a 
synonym of integrity. His death occurred 
July 6. 1876, at the age of eighty-one. He 
and his wife had three children,' their only 
son l)eing Hervey Bates. 

Hervey Bates, the se<H)nd of the name 
to have lived in Indianapolis, was born in 
this city in 1834. He inherited many of 
the characteri.stics that made his father a 
man of note. He grew up in Indianapolis 
and it has always been his home. For 
many years he was connected with one of 
the first whoh*sale grocery- houses and was 
also an active Imnker. He was one of the 
originators of the American Hominy Com- 
I>any. Of late years he has been retired 
and has attained the age of eighty-three. 
As a matter of personal recollection he 
has i>ra<'tieally witnesstMl every pha.se in 
the gn>wth and development of his native 
eity. H«' marrie<l Charlotte Catheart, and 
they were the parents of a son and a 
daujrhter. 

Hnrvev Batt^ III was lK>m at Indian- 
apolis in (>etol>cr. 1S.'>S. He was educated 
in the eity public s<*hiN>ls, in the Philli|>s 
Kxeter Academy and in Harvard Univer- 



sity. He began his career through experi- 
ence as an apprentice at the machinist's 
trade and for a number of years was 
connected with the Atlas Engine Works. 
Mr. Bates has served almost from the be- 
ginning as president of the American Hom- 
iny Company, one of the large and im- 
portant industries of Indianapolis. In 
1884 he married Susan Martingale. Of 
their two children the only survivor is Her- 
vey Bates, representing the fourth genera- 
tion of the name in Indiana. 

ArorsT T.vmm. As an old time disciple 
of the printer's art August Tamm found 
his sphere of usefulness by which he is 
best known in Indianapolis, and for many 
years he has been a printer and publisher 
of some of the oldest and most influential 
new.spapers of Indiana published in the 
German language. Mr. Tamm has also 
been a figure in public affairs at Indian- 
apolis. 

Most of his life since early childhood 
has beiMi spent in Indianapolis. He was 
lK)rn at E.ssen in the Rhine valley of Ger- 
many July 2, 1857, one of the ten children 
of August and Caroline (Michel) Tamm. 
Of their children seven are still living. 
August Tamm, Sr., was a blacksmith and 
for eleven years worked in some of the 
great factories at Essen. Having a large 
family to provide for he sought improve- 
ment of the conditions of life and prospects 
for them by coming to the United States 
on board a sailing vessel in 1868. He left 
his family behind, and as opportunity of- 
fered he worke<l at his trade in Pittsburg, 
Ijogansport and Chicago, and in 1869 lo- 
<ate(l pennanently at Indianapolis. Soon 
afterward his wife and children joined him 
in this countr>'. At Indianapolis August 
Tamm, Sr., had his first employment at the 
old Washington foundry, subsecpiently 
known as the Eagle foundr>' and also as 
the Ilrsselman foundry. He was one of 
the industrial workmen of Indianapolis 
for manv vears, but his later years were 
spent in dairying. He took little active 
part in public affairs, was a lover of home 
and domestic environment, and there spent 
his happiest hours. He died in 1899. 

August Tamm, Jr., grew to manhood at 
Indianapolis and was educated both in the 
parochial and the business schools of the 
city. On coming of age he began the 
process which as soon as possible made him 




olf^,//o-rfXu.^ir 






INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1699 



a naturaliziKl American citizen. Largely 
due to a fault in American public opinion 
and education naturalization has been 
thought of lightly and con.sec|uently has 
been entered into by the foreign bom with 
little more ronsideration than would l>e 
given to the most trivial routine. Mr. 
Tain in is an homirable exception to the rule 
and from the first a.s8umed the responsi- 
bilities of citizenship seriously. Then and 
ever since he has entertained loftv ideals 
as to what constituti»s American citizcMiship 
and hais live<l up to those ideals himself 
and in manv wavs has wielded a wide in- 
fluency in pn)moting them thn)ugh his 
writings and through the medium of his 
newspapers. 

His life earei»r l>egan as a printer on the 
Daily Telegraph, a (lerman paper. He 
completed a thorough apprentieeship at 
the printer's trade, and with the exception 
of nine months while a grm^ery clerk and 
during the periml he was in public office 
has always been connected with the print- 
ing or publishing business. From a posi- 
tion as a|)prentice on the Daily Telegraph, 
one of the German papers publi.shed at 
In<Iianai>olis, he was advaneed to foreman 
in the office. For six years during Tag- 
gart's administration Mr. Taram was chief 
deputy clerk. The democratic party also 
honored him by making him its candidate 
for city clerk and once for state represen- 
tative. 

While in the citv clerk's office Mr. Tamm 
l>ought from Philip Happaport in 1D0() the 
Daily Indiana Tribune, a German daily 
paper. In 1902 this paper was consoli- 
dated with the Daily Telegraph, the lat- 
ter iMMug issued as a morning and the 
Tribune as an evening paper. The two 
were consolidated as one |)aper in 1907 and 
eonducted as the Telegraph Tribune until 
.lune :^ l!ns. when for patriotic rea.sons 
.Mr. Tamm suspended publication. Mr. 
Taiinii was Iw'st known as the owner and 
publisher of the Telegraph-Tribune and of 
the Sunday Sp<»ttvogel. He had really 
ma<ie these papers what they were, a me- 
dium of m \vs and an instrument of whole- 
some eiti/ensbip. 

Mr. Tamm is of the Protestant faith. 
He marrietl in 1S79 Miss Minnie Sehmidt. 
They had two sons. August Carl an<i Otto 
H ., u ho were asMM-iated with their father 
in business. August Carl died April 27. 



1918. leaving a wife, who before marriage 
was Clara Youngman, of Indiana}>olis. 

Dr. Leonard E. Nortiirip. Indiana in 
line with its normal progressiveness among 
the states has r€*centlv established a Re- 
organize<l State Veterinary' Department, 
of which the head is Dr. Leonard E. 
North rup, a prominent veterinarian who 
has given mast of his time for the past ten 
or twelve years to veterinary work under 
the Indiana state government auspices. 

Indianans are justly proud of the work 
that is being accomplished by Doctor 
Northrup in his department. It is a de- 
partment vitally connected with the wel- 
fare and prosperity of the state. In order 
to meet the increasing demand for more 
livestcM'k and better livestock one of the 
first essentials is to eliminate as far as 
possible disea.se, and consequently healthy 
livestock is a preretpiisite to more and bet- 
ter livestock. Since the creation of this 
department it has been the means of greatly 
increasing the prmluction of pork and 
beef in Indiana, and for that reason In- 
diana has increased its quota of foo4l sup- 
plii^ for the j^reat war. In fact the war 
has influenced the State Veterinary De- 
partment in so many ways that its ser\'ice 
and its personnel are four times what they 
were before the war. The state has been 
divide<l into .seventeen districts, each in 
charge of a veterinarian working under 
the direct i<m of the State Department, and 
giving help to the local practitioners of 
his district when it beccmies apparent that 
such help is needed. There are al.so spe- 
cial men Iwatcd at the great stockyards 
centers of Evansville. Indianapolis, Fort 
Wayne and other places. The State De- 
partment also has the co-operation of a 
large force of trained Federal veterinari- 
ans from the Bureau of Animal Industry. 
A recent lMH)klet sent out by the Stat© 
Veterinary Department gives statistics 
showing that livestwk valuation in Indiana 
is second to real estate only, and from this 
fact it is obvious that next to the safe- 
guarding of human health there is nothing 
that calls for more scientific and expert 
care than the safeguarding of livestock in- 
terests from disease and consequent loss. 

Iveonard E. Northrup is a native of New 
York State. He was born in Schuyler 
County in 1872. His parents. F. W. and 



1700 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Josephine (Seaman) Northrup, are still 
living at the old home at Beaver Dams in 
Schuyler County. His father is of English 
lineage. The first ancestors came to 
America early in the sixteen hundreds and 
settled on the Hudson River. Doctor 
Northrup 's direct ancestor came over with 
a brother who many years previously had 
^ne to Normandy, Franfce, with King? 
George II, and remained there until com- 
ing with his English brothers to America, 
and reared a family. Doctor Northrup 's 
great-grandfather, John Northrup, joined 
Lafayette's army upon the latter *s land- 
ing in America and fought in the Revolu- 
tion. Doctor Northrup 's mother on her 
maternal side was a member of the famous 
Holland Dutch Van Wagner family. Her 
great - great - grandmother, Annaka Jans 
Van Wagner, who lived in New York City 
when it was called New Amsterdam, owned 
the land on which Trinity Church now 
stands. F. W. Northrup was formerly a 
merchant but has always been a farmer 
and stockman. 

Doctor Northrup grew up at Beaver 
Dams in Schuyler County and attended 
the Cook Academy at Montour Falls. His 
first ambition was to become a physician, 
and he studied in New York City. Per- 
haps due to early associations on his fath- 
er's farm he subsetjuently abandoned thia 
in favor of becoming a veterinarian. He 
therefore entered the Toronto Veterinary 
College in Ontario, graduated, and after 
that for several years was in the govern- 
ment veterinarian service in New Mexico 
and Arizona. Doctor Northrup came to 
Indianapolis in 1908. and resumed veter- 
inary work under Dr. W. E. Coover, who 
at that time held a position in the state 
government corresponding to the present 
head of the State Veterinary- Department. 

The office was reorganized by Do<*tor 
Northru|) and March 23, 1917. Ciovemor 
Goo<lrirh appointt*d him to the office of 
state veterinarian. He enteriHl upon the 
enlarged wope and program of his depart- 
ment with great enthusiasm, and. as al- 
ready notetl. ha.s thor<»ughly orjranizetl the 
department all over the state until today 
there is not a stockman in anv seetion who 
cannot obtain the exjMTt s«*r\'iees (iflfered 
by the department within a few hours. 

I)<M*tor Northrup is a thirty-se<'ond de- 
gree S<»ottiHh Rite Mason. He marrieti 
Miss Margaret Couden, a native of Colum- 



bus, Georgia, and a very accomplished 
woman formerly prominent in educational 
affairs. She was educated in Cedar Ba- 
pids, Iowa, and for several years was a 
teacher in the city schools of Indianapolis. 

Timothy Edwabd Howard. Soldier, 
lawyer, judge and senator, these are some 
of the distinctions which entitle Timothy 
Edward Howard to rank with the promi- 
nent Indianans. He was bom on a farm 
near Ann Arbor, Michigan, January 27, 
]jB37, and after a military service in the 
Civil war, in which he was wounded at the 
battle of Shiloh, and after a thorough 
literary and professional training, he was 
admitted to the bar in 1883. He aabae- 
quently served as a member of the South 
Bend Common Council and in other offi- 
cial positions, and was made a member of 
the Indiana Senate in 1886-92, and ele- 
vated to justice of the Supreme Court of 
Indiana in 1893. In addition to his many 
distinctions in the line of his profession 
Judge Howard is also a writer of both 
prose and poetry. 

He married Julia A. Redmond, of De- 
troit. 

• 

Alfred B. Oates, who died at his home 
in Indianapolis in 1901, was for many 
years one of the men of distinction in the 
commercial and civic life of that city. A 
great many people entertain most kindly 
memory of this Indianapolis merchant, and 
the worthy place he enjoyed in buainen 
and civic life is now being filled by his sons. 

A period of almost eight decades sep- 
arated his death from his birth. He was 
bom in Fayette County, Indiana, in 1822, 
a son of Aver>' Gates and a grandson of 
Joshua Gates. Joshua Gates spent the 
greater part of his life in the State of 
New York. Aver>' Gates, who was bom 
in that state May 22, 1780, married Polly 
Toby. Together they c»ame West, traveling 
by flatlmats down the Ohio river and locat- 
ing near Connersville in Fayette County, 
Indiana. The date of their settlement waa 
about 1S07. Those familiar with the his- 
torv of Indiana uihhI not be reminded of 
the wilderness and desolate conditions 
which then pn*vailed over practically all 
of Indiana from the Ohio river to the Great 
I^k(>s. Indiana had been a territory but a 
few years, and nearly ten years paaaed be- 
fore* it was admitted to the Union. Fay- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1701 



ftte County was sparsely settleil and much 
nf it unexpl(>re<l. and its donse woods bad 
been broken onlv here and there bv the 
work of the axe man. and was tilled with 
Indians and wild ^ine. Aver>' Gates 
lived the lift' of a typieal pioneer, and died 
honoriMl and respeete<l January 4, 1X65. 
Ills widow passed away SeptemlH»r 9, iHT.'i. 

It was in the stiiiiuJatinf; periiMl of pii»- 
neer thinpi in Indiana that Alfred H. 
<iates spent his earlv vouth and inanhotMl. 
Thoujrh <'ountry born and eountry bretl 
he niude his abilities eount in a larp*r 
business wav. lie was a resident of huli- 
ana prartieally all his life except four 
years from l>t>4 to 1n6S. during whieh time 
he was enRa^cd in business in Philadel- 
phia. In the latter year he t<K»k up the 
);ro<'ery business at Indianapolis. an<l now 
for fuUv half a eenturv the name <iatt's has 
lM»en identified with that department of 
eommeree. His retail t'stablishnK'Ht he 
built U|) and bn)adened out into a whole- 
Mile r<»neern. and remaiiHMi at'tive in its 
manajfement until he retired in ISJH. 
Alfred H. iJatrs was a staneh republican 
and was a Si*ottish Kite Mason. 

Aside from the su<*eess he won in busi- 
ness he is remembered and <lesi'rvi»s to be 
remembered espei'ially for his predominant 
<*hararteristif <»f an unfailing; ^mkI humor. 
lie had a pleasant smile and wonl for 
rvrry«»ni-. was iffiHTtuis t«» a fault, was al- 
ways hflpful to the n«M»dy ami lH»lifve<l in 
and pra«*ti«MMl th»* <io]d»Mi Rule. Throujrh- 
out a lonif and bnsy lif«» h«» never lost his 
faith in humanitv. 

Alfred H. <iati*s married Kli/.abeth M. 
Munbvk. who was Imrn in Kentueky in 
ls:{S. She survive*! her husbaml. They 
were the [>i»rents of tive ehildren : ('harlt»s 
M.. who was l>orn at ('onn«»rsville. was edu- 
eated at Hutler (\»llejre at Indianapolis, 
and after graduation beeame associated 
with bi*i father in business. Wo married 
Maria Fra/e«' and died at the aj^e of twen- 
ty eijrlit. when sueeess was eoiiiinu rapidly 
To him. Till' FH'Xt two in aire are Harry 
n.. whn die,! O.iober in. VJ\Vk and Wil- 
liam \. <I;ites. Th.» daUL'hter. Mary Aliee. 
born at Philadelphia, is Mrs. William H. 
L»M . of MinntMpnlis. The yonnirest son is 
K'lward K. <Jates. 

H \i:kv p. i\ \TKs. a son of the bite Alfred 
P. <ia*e-. uaN an aetive busiiieNS man :it 
Indiaiiap«»IiH thirty -five years and had 



many aaaociations with the larger life and 
afTairs of thia city. 

He waa born in Fayette County, In- 
diana, Septeml>er 5, 1858, and when he waa 
six years of af^' hia parents moved to Phil- 
adelphia, where he received hia early in- 
stnietion in the public s4*hooU. After 
1868 he attended s4*h(M)l at Indianapolis 
and in 1871, at the age of thirten, went to 
work in his father s grocerj* and eofTee 
store. He was admitted to a |)artnership 
in 1882 under tlu* name A. B. Galea & 
(Vunpany. He continued to l>e associated 
with his father until 18!>4. when the latter 
retired. Mr. Harry (jat<«s then organized 
the Clinuix Coflfee & Baking Powder C«)m- 
pany. As its president he built up the 
manufacturing and wholesale branches of 
this business to extensive proportiona and 
nuide it one of the largest concerns of its 
kind in Iixliana. Harry B. (iatea was al>o 
largely rt^ponsible for organizing the New 
Teh»ph<»ne Company and the New Long 
Distance Telephone (Vmipany of Indian- 
apolis in 1SI*7. He was secretary tif Iwth 
ctmipanies until 18!):<. and before S4»liiug 
his inten^sts he haid the satisfaction of ^ee- 
ing the plants thoroughly <»rganiz(Hl ai'd 
moderniz<*d and the business firmly esuib- 
lishetl. Among other business interests he 
was presi»lent of the Amerieaii Color Com- 
pany, numufacturing dyes, was a director 
of the Columbia National Bank an<l other 
<'orporations. He promoted, owned and 
(»perate<l befon» his death the Hotel Sev- 
erin, Indianapolis, and the Hotel Miami, of 
Dayton, Ohio. He was su<*cee<ied upon his 
death, by his son. A. Bennett (Jates, who 
is now president of both thes*.* well known 
hotels. 

As a republican Mr. Harry B. Gates 
was i|uite active in bx'al affairs, and was 
a delegate to the National (*on\ention of 
PMH). He wiLs a member of the Columbia, 
<*cmimereial. Marion and Country <'lubs, 
the (ierman House, and was affiliatei] with 
Pt'iitalpha Lodge No. TyfA, Ancient Free 
an«i Accepted Mitsons. 

Harry 1^. Gates die*! at Indianapolis Oc- 
tober 10. lin<). at the age of fifty-eight and 
when still in the liiirh ti<le of his powers 
and usefulness. Nt)vember <>, 1881. he 
married Miss Carrie K. Patrick, daujrhter 
of K. W. Patrick of Evansville. Indiana. 
Mm. Gates died in lfH)l. leaving mie s<m. 
This win. A. Bennett Gates, was as.sociate<l 
with his father in the eoflfe** and baking 



1702 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



powder business. He married Lena Hem- 
mingway, daughter of James A. Hemming- 
way, United States Senator from Indiana. 

WnxJAM N. Gates, one of the promi- 
nent wholesale merchants of Indianapolis, 
has been a resident of that city half a cen- 
tury, and his own career has served to 
make a well known family still better 
known and honored in this state. 

He was born October 31, 1862, and at 
the age of six years came to Indianapolis 
with his parents. Here he attended the 
public schools and also Butler University. 
At the age of sixteen he went to work in 
his father's wholesale grocery- house, and 
his entire career has been iiien titled with 
the activities and interests of the whole- 
sale business at Indianapolis. In 1895 he 
embarked in the wholesale coffee and bak- 
ing powder business, and has built up one 
of tke largest concerns of its kind in In- 
dianapolis. 

Mr. Gates is a republican and is a char- 
ter member of the Columbia Club. In 
1886 he married Miss Alberta Hyram. Her 
father, N. S. Hyram, was in his day one 
of the prominent men of Indianapolis. 
Three children have been born to their 
marriage, Isalwl, William Byram and 
Alfred Gerald. The daughter is Mrs. Kelly 
R. Jacoby. Both sons are actively asso- 
ciated with their father in business. 

Edwari) E. Gatf>5 is member of the law 
firm Myers, Gates & Ralston of Indianap- 
olis. The name of this firm is sufficient to 
indi<*ate his standing as a lawyer apart 
from several individual achievements in 
the law whirh stand to his high credit. He 
has always l>een active in Indianapolis citi- 
zenship, and also enjoys the distinction 
of having iK'en an actual campaigner in 
the brief war with Spain. 

Mr. Gates represents one of the earliest 
famili<*s of Indiana pioneers. His grand- 
father. Avory (latcN. Iwatcd in Fayette 
Countv as early as 1S07. ^'onsidcrably more 
than a r^ntury agi>. This is one of the 
few families* of the state who have mon» 
than a century of residence to their credit. 
Edward E. Gates is a son of the late Alfretl 
B. (lates, whos4» earwT is told briefly on 
other pair«*s. 

Eilwanl E. Gates was l)om at Indianap- 
olis August 23, 1871. He was educated in 
lo<*al srh«>ols. graduated Ph. B. in 1891 



from Tale College, and in 1894 c(Hnpleted 
his studies in the New York Law Sebool. 
In 1895 he also graduated from the In- 
diana Law School, and his actual career 
as a lawyer covers a period of over twenty 
years. During the greater part of this 
time he has enjoyed a most enviable repu- 
tation as a lawyer. Out of his large and 
varied practice one particular case can be 
recited as one of public interest and which 
redounded much to his credit 

Prior to 1906 railroads had generally 
discriminated against the citizens of In- 
dianapolis, giving to neighboring cities 
special rates and privileges that consti- 
tuted a heavy if not prohibitive burden 
upon this city. Protests and formal pro- 
cedure seemed unavailing to bring redress. 
Then Mr. Gates was employed as chief 
coun.sel by the Indianapolis Freight 
Bureau and the Chamber of Commerce to 
effect an equitable adjustment. He entered 
the cause with a determination to leave no 
stone unturned in the accomplishment of 
the object in view. When he appeared be- 
fore the Interstate Commerce Commission 
he was fortifie<i with an array of testimony 
and evidence and facts which were indis- 
putable, and after an extended and bitterly 
fought trial before that commission the 
decision was rendered in favor of the com- 
plainant in 1907. The result of this de- 
cision has saved hundreds of thousands of 
dollars to the shippers of Indianapolis and 
has also acquired the value of a precedent 
from whieh equal shipping treatment has 
since l>een extended to other cities. 

Mr. Gates is widely known in civic and 
social affairs. While at Yale College he 
was identifie<i with the Berzelius Society. 
He is a member of the Columbian and 
Marion clubs of Indianapolis, the Ki- 
wanis Club, of whieh he is president, of 
the Athletic and Canoe clubs. Chamber of 
Commerce. Board of Trade, the Tum- 
verein, the Maennerchor, the Royal Ar- 
canum, Knights of Pythias, Mystic Shrine, 
Spanish War Veterans and the Christian 
Church. 

During the war between our country 
and Spain Mr. Gates volunteered and be- 
came a member of the famous Indianapolis 
Field Artillerj', known as the Twenty- 
Seventh Light Batter>\ Indiana Volun- 
teers. This batter>* was called into actual 
ser\'i<*e and was assigned to duties in the 
Porto Rican campaign. Its service closed 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1708 



with a rather dramatic incident. The bat- 
ter>' had been unlirabered and wa8 on the 
point of firing upon Spanish poHts when 
hostilities were halted by a truce i>ending 
the final conclusion of the war. 

As a republican in politics Mr. Gates has 
been (|uite active in his party and for two 
terms s€»rved as president of the Lincoln 
licapne. II is wife was formerly Miss Dor- 
othv Fav Odoms. He has three children, 
Virginia, Kdward and Klizalwth. 

Fwu) PR.\NGE came to Indianapolis from 
<Jcnnany over thirty years ago, poor and 
all but friendless in this new world, and 
\n\s achieves! a degree of definite success 
which makes him one of the honored busi- 
ness men and citi/ens of Indiana[K>lis to- 
day. He is member of the well known 
business firm of Prange Brothers, his ac- 
tive as.sociate now and for many years be- 
ing his brother Anton. 

Mr. Prange was l)orn at Minden, West- 
phalia, (lermany. August 6, 1861^ son of 
Fred and Christinia (Roesener) Prange. 
His father was a man of considerable prop- 
erty and of substantial position in his na- 
tive country, owned land, did an extensive 
business as a contracting carpenter, and 
was also revenue collector for his district. 
Fred Prange and wife spent all their lives 
in Germany, and were a<'tive meml)ers of 
the (fcmian Lutheran Church. A brother 
of Fred Prange, Sr.. is Anthony Prange, 
a prominent old time resident of Indian- 
apolis elsewhere referred to. Fred Prange, 
Sr. and wife had a large family, and five 
of them came to the United States. Chris- 
tina is the wife of Mr. Fred Stahlhut. of 
Indianapolis. The second among those 
that came to this countrv is Mr. Fred 
Prange. His brother Anton II. was born 
Fcbniary 19. 1H70. Mary was the first 
wife of Mr. Fn*d Stahlhut. They were 
marrie<l in Germany, and she died soon 
after thev came to this countrv, and Mr. 
Stahlhut then married her sister Christina. 
The other memlK»r of the family in Amer- 
ica is Ix)uis. a machinist with the Penn- 
sylvania Railway Company. 

Fre<l Prange attended the s<*hf>ols of his 
native town and district, and as a boy 
sencil an apprenticeship which gave him 
a practical knowledee of the carpenter's 
tra«le and also of the butcher trade. In 
1S83. when he was twenty years of age. he 
came to the Cnited States. Having rela- 



tives in Indianapolis, he sought this city 
as his first destination and there secured 
the opportunities which gradually by the 
exercise of his industry and independent 
judgment brought him a secure business 
position. For a time he worked at the 
carpenter trade, was in the employ of 
Charles Nuerge, and for five years was in 
the grocery store of his uncle, Anthony 
Prange. Having during this time gained 
experience and some small means of his 
own he bought a meat market where the 
Idle Hour Theater is now located. This 
he sold in Ibii'S and for the next twelve 
years managed a store on Michigan Street 
for II. E. Shortemeyer. In 1908 Mr. Prange 
became associated with his brother Anton 
H. in the purchase of a stock of goods on 
Massachusilts Avenue belonging to their 
uiH'le Anthony. They conducted a very 
satisfactory business as grocery merchants 
for ten years, selling out their grocery 
stoi'k in 1918 and now giving most of their 
time and attention to the operation of a 
meat market in the City Market. 

Anton Prange was an employe in the 
groi'erj' business for William Peak for 
eleven years after coming to this country. 

Freil Prange married in 1886 Mary 
Meusing, daughter of Charles Muesing. 
They have one daughter, Clara, wife of 
William F. Rathert, a well known gro- 
cery merchant on South Meridian Street 
in Indianapolis. 

Anton H. Prange was married in 1897, 
and he and his wife have a daughter, 
Kmnia, and a .son, Frank. Both families 
are memln'rs of the Trinitv Lutheran 
Church. 

WnjJAM A. rMPHREY is one of the 
prominent factors in the development of 
the Indianapolis modem industrial pro- 
gram, a program which is rapidly bring- 
ing this city to a place ranking with the 
other large manufacturing centers of the 
Middle West. Most of the men who fur- 
nish the spirit and enterprise to this move- 
ment are comparatively young men, and 
Mr. Cmphrey is no exception to that rule. 

He was bom at Indianapolis December 
26. 1877, forty years ago, a son of Louis 
and Emma Cmphrey. His parents still 
live in Indianapolis, having come here 
many years ago from Cincinnati, Ohio. 
The father was born June 8, 1842, and 
spent three years and three months of bis 



1704 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



early manhood as an enlisted soldier in the 
Union army. Seven months of that time 
he endured the frightful hardships of An- 
dersonville prison. Until he retired Louis 
Umphrey was for a long period of years 
superintendent of the Piel Starch Works 
at Indianapolis. His wife is now seventy- 
one years of age. William A. Umphrey 
fiinshed his early education in the Manual 
Training High School of Indianapolis. 
Then, while still a boy, he began working 
in a seed store and then followed another 
line of experience with an insurance 
agency at Indianapolis. 

But the work which has taken his cliief 
time and attention for many years has 
been furniture manufacturing. He is now 
at the head of two companies, one with a 
plant at Morgantown, Indiana, and the 
other located at Crawfordsville. He is 
president of one and secretary and treas- 
urer of the other. The plant at Morgan- 
town makes a specialty of chairs, while the 
Umphrey Manufacturing Company of 
Crawfordsville concentrates its output up- 
on library tables. Mr. Umphrey is also 
.secretary and treasurer of the Glover 
E<iuip!nent Company at 412 Capitol Ave- 
nue, lndianaiM)lis. His business associa- 
tion which Ls of most interest at this par- 
ticular time is as secretary and treasurer 
of The Weidlcy Motor Company. He is 
one of the three active men in this busi- 
nt»ss, the other two being the inventor, Mr. 
Weidley, and Mr. W. E. Showers. The 
Weidlev motor is an American invention 
with a performance which has astonished 
the entire world. The Weidley motor is a 
four-, six- and twelve-cylinder motor, de- 
signed and manufactured for strictly high 
class cars, but in the last year or so the 
four-cvlimler has been used extensively on 
the caterpillar tractors of the Cleveland 
Tractor Company. The motors are manu- 
factun»d in the company *s plant at (icor- 
gia and Shelby .stnvts, where the concern 
now <M*cnpies an entire bhx'k. Three years 
atro the company employed b*ss than ten 
men. but now t\7A) contribute tlu'ir lal)<)rs 
in the diflferent departments and offices, 
and the industry is rapi<lly iHM'ominjr one 
of the lanrest and most important of its 
kind in America. The company now has 
a three year eontrart to supply mot«>rs to 
the vahie of .*20.0<X>,(XX). Hardly a month 
pass«*s that s«»me addition and extensit>n is 
ni»t ma«le to the co!npany\s plant ami Imsi- 



ness, and the men connected with it com- 
prise such a group of organizing and orig- 
inal genius that they are never satisfied for 
a moment with present achievement, how- 
ever great it may be, and are constantly 
experimenting toward a future goal of per- 
fection. 

Mr. Umphrey therefore has a decidedly 
active executive part in several different 
organizations, and finds his time and ener- 
gies so completely engaged by them that 
he has never felt justified in accepting 
directorship with various other organiza- 
tions offered to him. He is a member of 
the Columbia Club, the Tumverein, is a 
Knight Templar Mason and also belongs 
to the Scottish Rite of that order and the 
Mystic Shrine. In politics he is a repub- 
lican, and a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. Mr. Umphrey has one son, Law- 
rence Louis. 

Harry T. Hearsey, of Indianapolis, is 
a man who has participated in and has 
made history in one of the greatest indus- 
tries of the age. Forty years ago he was 
doing practical mechanics in the limited 
and meager bicycle industry*. He has never 
relaxed his attention to the bicycle, and 
knows probably more about that business 
that any other man in America. He was 
the pioneer in the industry at Indianap- 
olis, and at a later date had a similar re- 
lationship to the automobile business. He 
is president of the H. T. Hearsey Com- 
pany at 408 Capitol Avenue. 

^Ir. Hearsey is a native Englishman, 
born in London February 11, 1863, son 
of H. T. and Flora Hearsey. His mother 
is still living. Both parents were bom in 
Ijondon, and when he was a boy they came 
to America and located at Boston. Harry 
T. Hoarsi»y grew up and attended school 
at Boston, and had a training in the me- 
chanical trades in .several shops of that 
(•it v. 

Th<* facts of his early experienca of 
greatest int«*rest here is found in the year 
1S7S. when he be<»ame connected with the 
birych* industry as a bicycle mechanic and 
rrpair num. There has l>een no interrup- 
tion to his connection with the bicycle busi- 
ness since that day. He was first* em- 
phiycd by the (*unningham-Heath Com- 
pany of Ik)ston. manufacturers and im- 
porters of bicych^s. He was with them 
seven years as a machinist and was a rae- 




^l^/'^eam 



t 



■ 4t 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1705 



infT expert. Mr. Hearsey could ride a l)i- 
vyvle as well as make one, and when it in 
nvalled that thirty or forty years ago 
the only type of bieyele was the hijfh 
wh(*el or ordinary, thi* riding was a matter 
of murh more ex|»ert perforraanct* than 
what is required today. 

As a rider Mr. Hears«»y gavr exhibitions 
for his roiiipany in various eities of the 
I'niteii Statt's. In XHsr^ he eanu' to In- 
dianapolis. th(' city that has lu'en his home 
now for over thirty years. After coming 
\u*rv he was ff»r a time •Minnecteil with the 
business of Charlies Kinley Smith of Wav- 
erly bieyele fame. In 1 ssfj he established 
a shop of his i»wn in a litth* nmm at New 
York and Delaware streets. Here he s«)M 
ami r»»paire«l bieyeles of the nU\ type, hav- 
ing the shop at one end of the room and 
operatint; a eoal oftie«' at the other. A 
year or tw<i later he moveil to a somewhat 
larger buihling on IVnnsylvania Street 
near Ohio. oe<'upying a site that is now- 
taken up by the east portit)n of the new 
Feileral Muilding. Here he eondu<*tetl be- 
sid«*s a repair shop a salesnmm and riding 
academy. This was probably the first 
sal(*srcN)m and riding academy in the mid- 
dl»' west, and certainly the first in In<lian- 
apolis. It was about 1S90 that the first 
f«»rm of the "safety" bieyeb* was intro- 
dticed. and in two or three years its devel- 
opment rendered the ohl '*onlinary** prac- 
tically olisolete. ami for a numlM»r of v«'ars 
no one ha« seen the high wheel except in 
museums and circuses. The safety bi<\v<*le 
grew in i>opularity. es|»ecially after the 
introduction of ptieumatie tin»s, and Mr. 
Hearsey was in a position to In^come the 
central figure around which the bicycle 
activities of Indianapolis revi»lveil. His 
sh«»p was headf)uarters for all the famous 
racing men of fifttH»n or twenty years ago. 
and he was a leatlin^r spirit in the great 
meet which wef^» as inu<*h events in the 
*<Mk as automobile ra<*«*s have b«H'n since. 

With the advent of the autom(»bile and 

the de<*line in poptdarity of the bii-yi'le 

Mr. Hearsev naturallv irravitate<l into the 

automi»bile business. Thus he became the 

first automobile d«*aler in Intlianapolis. In 

a historical articb* on the bicvele ami kin- 

ilri'd industries in a recent number of the 

Bicvi'le News of New York, this pa|>*T 

cH'tlits Mr. Hearsey with being the (»l(le«t 

dealer and jobber of bicy*'les in the Tnited 

State's; while his record for lieing the pio- 
T«i. nr— It 



neer dealer in automobile« at Indianapolia 
is well known to all. Carl Fisher, Indian- 
apolis* widely known automobile magnati*, 
worked as a youth in Mr. Hearsey 'k plant. 
Mr. Fisher calls Mr. Hearsey '* daddy" 
and freely gives him ere<lit for his start 
in the automobile industry. The history 
«»f Mr. Hearsey s eonne<'ti(m with the 
automobile busitiess is in fact the history 
of the lH>ginning and early years of the 
industry in lndiana|>olis. a city that now 
ranks second in aiutomobile trade and man* 
ufai'ture in the I'nited States. 

.Mr. Heiii*sey has done his part as an 
oriifinator and inventor. He dt*vised and 
put on the market the famous Hearsey bi- 
c\cle tin»s. known trom coast to coaat. He 
was also the orijrinator n\' the interchange- 
able tire tube f<»r Ford cars, a tube that 
h;is ci»me into universal use. Mr. Hear- 
sev dis«'ontinued the automobile end of his 
business in l*Mr», but has never dis(*ontin- 
ued handling }»icyeles, even during the 
slackest years. He is now jobbing bicy- 
cles, bicycle parts and automobile aeees- 
sori«»s, and in Aupust, 1918, raove<I his 
plant to its splen<lid modern building at 
40S.410 Capitol Av nue. There he has 
spacious and well arranged <|imrters, eon- 
stituting an ideal hwation. Mr. Hearsey's 
c(»ntinuance in the luisiness has been well 
justified, since, as he foresaw, the bieyele 
in re<»ent years has again found favor and 
|)lace in the world of tra<le and industry, 
fulfilling a need that cannot be filled in 
anv other wav. This has lH»en well nvog- 
ni/ed by its classification as an essential 
war industry. Mr. Hearsey is president 
of the H. T. Hearsey (Nunpany. and also 
active nuuiager of the business. 

Mr. Hearsev was also verv active in In- 
dianapolis j'ivic life, a member of the 
Hoard <if Traile. antl having served eleven 
years as a irovernor; a member of the 
Marion Chdi, having served as director 
and treasurer: a mend>er of the Aca<lemy 
of Music: a member of the Automobile 
Trade Assf>eiation and Ho<isier Motor 
Club: prominent in Masonic life, a thirty- 
second degree Seotti.sh Rite Mason, also a 
Knight Templar and a Shriner and a mem- 
lK»r of Centre Ixxlge, Ancient Fn»e and 
Aeeepted Mawms: also a mend)er of Christ 
Kpiseopal Chureh. In polities he is a re- 
publiean. He wrved four years as a mem- 
lier of the Advisor>' Board of Centre 
Township, Marion County, and while be 



1706 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



always took an active part in politics as a 
republican he never aspired to any other 
office, preferring his business career. 

He married Aliss Nellie Kirk, of Mun- 
cie, Indiana, where she was bom and 
reared. They have four daughters : Nellie, 
wife of R. H. Colburn, and they have two 
children, Harry Hearsey and Mariadna; 
Vivian ; Edith, wife of Herbert Jose, and 
they have one child, Joanna Jose; and 
Kathr>'n, wife of Robert R. Adams. 

Ida Husted Harper, a well known 
writer and lecturer, was born near Brook- 
ville, Indiana, a daughter of John Arthur 
and Cassandra (Stoddard) Husted. Her 
early literary training was secured in the 
high school of Muncie, Indiana, of which 
she i.s a graduate*. She was also a student 
in the Iiitliana Tnivt^rsity two years, spent 
two years in Leland Stanford, Jr., Uni- 
versity, and aften^ard became principal of 
the high school of Peru, Indiana. She also 
spent a number of years in literary work 
in Terre Haute, and since her writings 
and work have identified her with the prin- 
cipal cities of this country and Europe. 
Among her many contributions may be 
mentioned the ** History of Woman Suf- 
frage to Close of Nineteenth Centurj'" 
(with Susan B. Anthony). Her home is 
in New York City. 

William Brmj-ui was for many years 
until his death prominently identified with 
the glass manufacturing industr>' of In- 
diana, and the City of Indianapolis today 
has as one of its important industries a 
business which he established and built 
up from small beginnings. 

He was a native of Pennsylvania. His 
father. Christopher F. Buttler, was a na- 
tive of (lermany. coming to America after 
his marriage and living for many years at 
Pittsburg. Ijate in life he removeil to In- 
dianapolis, and is still living there at an 
advanced age. 

One of a family of seven rhildren, Wil- 
liam Buttlcr grew up in a home marked 
by great simplicity of comforts and living 
conditions. His parents wen» quite p<or, 
an<l from the age of nine years he had no 
S4*holasti<* advantages and had to get out 
and make his own livine. He became a 1 oy 
worker in the glass imhistry. By the slow 
and anluous apprenticeship then in vosrue 
he learned ever>- detail of glass making. 



and in time was promoted to the responsi- 
bilities of manager for Dithridge & Com- 
pany. He was an apt student, and pos- 
sessing an original mind he invented when 
still not more than a boy a machine for 
putting a ''crimp'' in Uie top of lamp 
chimneys. The sale of this invention 
brought him enough money to embark in 
business for himself. 

At Fostoria, Ohio, he began the manu- 
facture of what is known as Cathedral 
glass, but after about a year his plant 
burned. About that time the natural gas dis- 
coveries in Eastern Indiana had made that 
field an attractive one for glass manufac- 
turers, and Mr. Buttler removing to Red- 
key built a plant which he continued to 
operate for some thirteen or fourteen years, 
until the natural gas supply failed. In 
1903 he removed his plant to Indianapolis, 
and there continued the Marietta Glass 
Company which was founded at Redkqr. 
At first the Indianapolis business was a 
small one. but it prospered under William 
Buttler, and at one time he owned some 
four or five factories. These factories 
turned out Cathedral glass, lamp chim- 
neys, tumblers, fruit jars, window glass, 
and he al.so operated the old Eureka Re- 
frigerator Company. 

William Buttler was a keen business man, 
an indomitable worker, clean in his rela- 
tions with his fellow man and a credit in 
the community in which he lived. He built 
up the Marietta Glass Works until it now 
gives employment to nearly a hundred peo- 
ple. While a Protestant in belief, he was 
not a <*hurch member, and in politics was 
a republican. Socially he was identified 
with the Columbia and Marion clubs and 
was a thirty-sei»ond degree Scottish Rite 
Mason. 

William Buttler died at his home in In- 
dianapolis February' 14, 1916. He married 
Mar>' Russner. who pafl«ed away in Mareb* 
1904. Thev had seven children: William, 
who died in early childhood; Clara, Mrs. 
George Greenwood ; Edna. Mrs. Zedock At- 
kinson ; Arthur, now president of the Mari- 
etta Glass Company: Mamie. Mrs. Charles 
Ertle; Howard, who died in infancy; and 
Stella. 

Arthur Buttler. the only living male rep- 
resentative of his father's family, was bom 
at Pittsburg. Pennsylvania, July 7, 1887. 
rie re<*eived his education at Redkey, In- 
diana, and from boyhood baa been identi- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1707 



lied with the ^lass business^ working 
through all the different departmentA and 
waM well ({ualitied to asKumc the responsi- 
bilities devolving upon him at hia father's 
death as president of the eoinpany. June 
9. 11K)9, he married Miss Essie H. Green- 
wood, They have one son, John David. 
Mr. Hut tier is a nieniWr of the Masonir 
Order and in politics a republican. 

Hon. Aaron Woi-fson has b<»en a suc- 
cessful Indianapolis business man since 
1JH):{. and is widely known and his services 
appre<'iatcd as a factor in civic affairs. He 
is now serving his first term as state sen- 
ator. 

He has rome to Ih» valuctl as one of the 
most useful members <»f the Senate, and Ih»- 
Ki(b»s his routine duties has used his prac- 
tical gooii sens4» many times in helping 
shape wise legislation and also to defeat 
the many bills intro<hu*ed every session 
which eventually encuml)er the statute 
books of the state. Mr. Wolf son al>ove 
cver>'thing else is an American citizen, 
proud of his native country, and there is 
nothing he leavers undone which will con- 
tribute in anv wav to the betterment and 
welfare of his country. 

Mr. Wolf son was born in Boston. Massa- 
chusetts, July 24. 1871, son of I^eopold 
and Emily (Tentlcr) Wolfson. His father 
was bom in the free city of Hamburg, 
Oermany, while his mother was a native 
of New England. Leopold Wolfson came 
to America w*hen a small lad. and for 
many yearn was in business at Boston, 
where he died. The mother is still living 
in that city. 

Aaron Wolfson attended the public 
schools of Boston, including the English 
Hiirh ?M'hool, and had prepare<l for en- 
trance to Harvard University. He was 
dissuaded from a college career by oppor- 
tunities that enable<l him to engage in busi- 
ness, and for some years was associated 
with his father in the manufacture of 
athletic gannents. He l>ecame quite well 
known in Massachusetts and in Boston, 
being secretar\' and treasurer of the Mas.sa- 
ehusetts Division of lieague of American 
Wheelmen. About 1897 he was an asses- 
sor of the ritv of Boston. WTiile there 
he was an officer in the Ancient and Honor- 
able Artiller>' Company, the oldest mili- 
tary organization in America. 

On coming to Indianapolis in 1903 Mr. 



Wolfson engaged in business and is now 
treasurer of the Kahn Tailoring Company 
at the southwest comer of Capitol and 
St. Clair streets, and is also president of 
the Kahn Realty Company and vice presi- 
dent of Washington Meridian Realty Com- 
pany, also vice president of the Homer 
McKee C/ompany. 

In 1916 he was nominated and elected 
as a republican to the State Senate. Dar- 
ing the first session he was chairman of 
the committees on insurance and natural 
n»si)urc4\s and was member of the commit- 
tees on railroads, reformatories and manu- 
factures. Senator Wolfson is also a mem- 
ber of the staff of (lovernor Goodrich with 
the rank of colonel. He has always been 
active in republican circles, but his elec- 
tion to the State Senate was his first polit- 
ical office. 

Senator Wolfson is a thirty-secon<i de- 
gree Scottish Rite Mason, a member of the 
Mvstie Shrine, and is a member of the 
various civic. sO<>ial and charitable organi- 
zations. He has serve<l as vice president 
of the Chaml)er of Commerce, former pres- 
ident of the Indianapolis ARsociation of 
Credit Men. president of the Jovian 
League, vice president of the Optimists 
Club, is a former member of the Sales- 
manship Club, and a member of the Colum- 
bia, Marion, Indianapolis Canoe and In- 
dei)endence Turnverein. 

Dcicmber 16, 1908, Mr. Wolfson married 
Florence Swope, of Dallas, Texas. They 
have one daughter, Emily. 

Aujw W. CoNDriTT. The name Con- 
duitt has been a familiar one in commer- 
cial and civic affairs of Indianapolis for 
more than half a centur>-. For about thirty 
years the interests of the Conduitta were 
chiefly centerwl in the wholesale district, 
and several of the old and substantial 
houses today owe some of their original 
spirit and enterprise to this family. 

To the business of wholesale and retail 
merchandising Allen W. Conduitt gave 
many years of his energies, but in later 
years has been chiefly known as a con- 
tra<»tor, and with the leisure achieved by 
successful business has also been a promi- 
nent figure in Indianapolis public affairs. 
He was bom at Mooresville in Morgan 
County, Indiana, Angnst 28, 1849, son of 
Alexander B. and Melina R. (Hardwick) 
Conduitt. His parents were both natives 



1708 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



of Kentucky and of English descent. The 
Conduitts and Hardwicks came from Ken- 
tucky to Indiana in pioneer times. 

The late Alexander B. Conduitt grew up 
in Morgan County, attended the primitive 
schools and gained his first knowledge of 
business as clerk in the general store of 
Samuel Moore, founder of Mooresville. He 
and his brothers later bought this busi- 
ness, and he continued a participant in it 
until failing health obliged him to retire to 
a farm in Morgan County. Having recov- 
ered his physical vigor, he removed with 
his family in 1864 to Indianapolis, and 
here entered the wholesale dry goods busi- 
ness. His associate's were Willis S. Webb, 
Capt. W. H. Tarkington and Frank Lan- 
ders. The busines was known as Webb, 
Tarkington & Company. Later it became 
W>bb. Conduitt & Company, and finally 
Mr. Conduitt retired. A later generation 
of Indianapolis people know the old firm 
chiefly through the title of Hibl)en, Hollweg 
& ('ompany. From the wholesale dr>' goods 
business Alexander B. Conduitt entered the 
wholesale grorery trade in 1870 as senior 
meml>er of Conduitt. Daugherty & Com- 
pany. In 1875 his son Allen entered the 
partnership and the title was changed to 
Conduitt & Son. This business was con- 
ducted on a prosperous scale until 1893, 
when it was sold to Schnull & Company. 
After that Alexander B. Conduitt lived 
retired until his death in July, 1903, when 
nearly eighty-five years old. In the middle 
years of the la.st century, he was a promi- 
nent leader in the democratic party of In- 
diana. He served as a meml)er of the 
State Constitutional Convention of 1852, 
represented Morgan (^ounty two terms in 
the Legislature, and in 1862 was demo- 
cratic nominee for Congress and made a 
moKt cre<iitable race in a heavily repub- 
lican district. He is rememl>ered as a busi- 
ness man of the highest prin<'iples, and 
thnmgh his business he gave an important 
service to his state and never held himself 
aloof fn>m those publi** spirite<l movements 
which are vital to the progress of any com- 
munitv. Both he and his wife were active 
meml>ers of the Methixlist Church. His 
wife die<l in 189S. at the ape of eighty. 
They ha<l nine i»hildren, seven of whom 
reache<i inatnritv. 

Allen W. Conduitt trrew up in Morgan 
Count V and was sixtetMi vears old when the 
family remove<l to Indianapolis. In addi- 



tion to the common schools he attended 
old Northwestern Christian, now Butler, 
College for two years. He learned busi- 
ness in the wholesale dry goods establish- 
ment in which his father was a partner and 
in the latter part of 1868 became asso- 
ciated with his brother Henry in a general 
merchandise store at Switz City, Indiana. 
Later they moved their store to Moores- 
ville, their native town. Then, in 1875, 
Allen W^. Conduitt returned to Indianap- 
olis and became junior member of the 
wholesale grocery house of Conduitt & 
Son. When this business was sold in 1893 
Mr. Conduitt spent some years contracting 
for street improvement work. In 1903 he 
entered the wholesale coal business, and has 
since been a member of the Cochrane Coal 
Company. He was also one of the or- 
ganizers and incorporators of the Conduitt 
Automobile Company, one of the leading 
automobile sales agencies of Indianapolis. 
Politically Mr. Conduitt has given al- 
legiance to the same principles as his 
father. He has the distinction of being 
chosen the first president of the Indianap- 
olis Board of Public Works. He filled that 
office during the administraticm of Mayor 
Thomas L. Sullivan, and the responsibility 
largely devolved upon him of instituting 
and formulating the early policies of the 
department. He is a prominent Mason, 
both in York and Scottish Rite, is affiliated 
with Raper Commandery No. 1, Knights 
Templars, with Indianapolis Consistory of 
the Scottish Rite and Murat Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine. Mr. Conduitt is a charter 
member of the Commercial Club, and was 
its first vice president. He and his wife 
are members of St. Pauls Episcopal 
Church. January 11, 1870, he married 
Miss Elizabeth Thornburg, who was bom 
and reared in Morgan County. Her father, 
John H. Thornburg, was a substantial 
Morgan County farmer. Two children have 
been Imrn to Mr. and Mrs. Conduitt: 
Mabel, wife of John A. Boyd, and Harold 
A., a real estate dealer in Los Angeles, 
California. 

John F. Wallick, who still observes 
with unclouded mind the current life of 
his hom«» city of Indianapolis and the 
events of a great world, serves as a re- 
minder to the people of the State of In- 
<liana of the marvelous achievements in the 
span of one man's life. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1709 



What gives special Rigrnificance to Mr. 
Wallick's can»er in that he in a pioneer 
telegrapher, having entered that profession 
or art only about six years after the first 
triumph of telegraphy and its first applica- 
tion aa a practical form of communica- 
tion. Mr. Wallick has been identified with 
and could recite from personal memory the 
history of th(* telegraph in Indianapolis 
since 1852. For a long period of years he 
was manager of the Western I'nion Com- 
pany in ln<lianapolis, but is now retired. 
When Mr. Wallick was a youth Europe was 
six Weeks removed from Indianapolis. To- 
day the space of a breath 8er\'es to bring 
this citv into touch with remote continents. 
With the crude and uncertain instruments 
of sixty-five years ago he helped establish 
vcrlml communication between the towns 
and cities of the Middle W<»st, an<l since 
then has been a factor in and has lived 
to see transportation communication de- 
veloped from steam railroad trains to elee- 
tric motors of land, the joining of conti- 
nents by telegraph wirc»s under the sea, 
and the electric spark which he often had 
«o much difficulty in controlling when a 
youth now flashes incontinently through all 
the elements of air. land and water and 
brings the news of a war 8.(XK) miles away 
in the space of a few hours. 

Mr. Wallick was born in Juniata County, 
Pennsylvania. Mareb 2. 1830, a son of 
Samuel and .Mary ((ilcnn) Wallick. Ilis 
maternal grandfather, William (ilcnn, 
spent his life in Pennsylvania as a farmer 
and was the father of twelve children. The 
paternal grandfather. .John W. Wallick, 
waa born in Germany, but came to America 
in early youth and was one of the rugged 
and prosperous farmers of Juniata County, 
Pennsylvania, where he died when past 
three score and ten years of age. Samuel 
Wallick was a farmer and merchant in 
Tuscarora Valley of Pennsylvania, and 
died there in 1841 at the age of fifty years. 
Ilis widow survived him more than half a 
century, and died in 1891 at Seville. Ohio, 
aged eighty- four. She and her husband 
were members of the Presbvterian Church. 
Of their children to reach maturitv there 
wen^ six: Margaret, who married Stewart 
Me(*ulloch: John F. ; Mary, widow of 
James Stokes ; Samuel ; Amanda ; and Al- 
fre<l R. 

John F. Walliek during his youth in 
Pennsylvania had a crtinmon school educa- 



tion, taught one winter term, and at the 
age of nineteen moved to Fredericksburg, 
Ohio, and worked in a dry goods store and 
in the local postoffice at Wooster. In the 
meantime the practical success of the pio- 
neer telegraph instrument was being re- 
flecte<l in the rapid extension of wires 
across the Middle West and was calling 
into lM»ing a new profession of operators. 
In 1851 Mr. Wallick did his first work in 
handling a telegraph key with the Wade 
Telegraph Company at WtMister, Ohio. His 
principal instructor in the art was Oenertfl 
Kekert. who later was chairman of the 
board of directors of the Western Cnion 
Telegraph Company. In 1852 the Wade 
Telegraph Company sent Mr. Wallick to its 
office at Indianapolis. This old telegraph 
company was later merged with the Ohio, 
Indiana and Illinois Telegraph Company, 
and that in turn in 1856 I)ecame a part 
of the Western I'liion Telegraph Company. 
Mr. Walliek was manager at Indianpolia 
until 1864, and then became superintend- 
ent of the Indianapolis office, and was a 
faithful and efficient incumhent of that 
post for nearly half a century until he re- 
tired, serving from April 1, 1864, until 
November, 1911. 

His ambition might well have been satis- 
fied by his business and professional work 
and service, and it constitutes for him a 
most honorable record. In politics he has 
been affiliated with the republican party, 
is an Odd Fellow and Scottish Rite Mason, 
and has l>ecn especially interested in Odd 
Fellowship and has sat in the Grand Ix)dge 
of the state and the Cnited States. He 
has long been a faithful member of the 
Second Presbyterian Church, and his wife 
was dpially devoteti with him in attend- 
ing to their religious duties. 

June 10, 1862. Mr. Wallick married Miss 
Mary A. Martin, who was l>orn and reared 
at Rahway, New Jersey, daughter of Dr. 
John and Mar>' A. (Hrockfield) Martin. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wallick had a most happy 
home life, and their companionship not 
only endured so as to allow them the pleas- 
ure of celebrating their golden wedding 
anniversary, but for six years longer, un- 
til it was terminated by the death of Mrs. 
Wallick June 15, 1918, at the age of sev- 
enty-eight. Mrs. Wallick was a home 
woman. <levoted to her intimate friends 
and family, but during a residence of more 
than half a century in Indianapolis had 



1710 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



also Grained a wide acquaintance in the 
social circles of the city. The children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Wallick were : Martin Henry, 
Edward, Mary A., Adele, Catherine P., 
John G., Edith, Frederick W., and Edwin 
E. Martin and Frederick are both resi- 
dents of Indianapolis. Edward died in in- 
fancy. Edwin E. is now in the Red Cross 
service in France. John O. is a resident 
of New York City. Marj* A.^ the wife of 
John A. Butler and Mrs. Fred I. Tone 
also live in Indianapolis, while the other 
8ur\'iving daughter, Mrs. Wintield Dean 
Ijoudoii, resides at Scarsdale, New York. 
Catherine, deceased, was the wife of Louis 
E. Lathrop. 

IIarvkv Coo.vsk in the early '90s was 
performing? a useful thougrh not di.8tinctive 
service as conductor on one of the lines 
of street railway in Indianapolis. It is the 
purpose of this article to tell hriefly the 
successive steps by which he has found 
success an<i prominence in the life of the 
state's capital. Mr. i^KUise is now presi- 
dent of the East Tcntli Street State Hank. 
se<*rctary-tr<»jisurcr of the Coonse-Caylor 
Ice Company and has other business and 
civic relations bv whi<'h he is well known. 

lie was lM)ni on a fann in Scott County, 
hniiana, March 24. 1870. His father. Tay- 
lor Coonse. was for a number of years a 
farmer in that ctmnty. but for more than 
twenty years was manapT for Gentry 
Brothers I>ojr and Pony Shows. The 
mother, now de<*cascd. was Mary Ridpo. 
Her father was killcil while a Tnion soldier 
in the Civil war. 

The earlv bovhood of Ilanev Ccx^nse 
was spent near Lexinjjton in Si'Ott County. 
He attended the country school there an«i 
had such (liM'iplinc an<l environment as the 
averaire farm 1m>v of that time. He left 
the farm for a time and workeil in car 
shops at Jeffersonville. later did farminp. 
and in 18*^9. at the ajre of nineteen, arrived 
in Indianapolis. Here for seven years he 
was an employe of the stn^'t railway serv- 
ice. For six months he ilrove a mule team 
that in those anti«]uated days haule<l a 
clumsy Rtrc»'t car back and forth over the 
tracks fn>m downtown to the oiitskii^s. 
Later he was [iromote*! to conductor, and 
he continueil to rini? up fares for nearly 
seven vears. He ha*! onlv a few <1ollars 
when he eame to In<liana|x>lis. ami it was 
as a rwmlt of a purposeful campai^ni of 



thrift that brou^t him his first real capi- 
tal. In 1896 he invested his slender means 
in a dairy business. Incident to the con- 
duct of this business he began handling 
ice to the retail trade, and as the oppor- 
tunities of the ice business seemed greater 
than dairying he finally disposed of his 
herd and gave all his attention to the ice 
indu.str}% a work which he has continued 
to the present time. Mr. Coonse also oper- 
ates a small truck farm nine miles east of 
Monument Circle. 

Soon after the organization of the East 
Tenth Street State Bank in 1913 Mr. 
Coonse became one of its stockholders, and 
by increase of his holdings was elected a 
director, then vice president, and in Janu- 
ary, 1918, became president of an insti- 
tution which is one of the substantial 
smaller banks of Indianapolis, with a capi- 
tal .stock of $25,000. Mr. Coonse is also 
president of the Crescent Packing Com- 
pany, a small independent meat packing 
concern. 

He is a member of the Methodist Church, 
a republican voter, is a Knight Templar 
and thirty-second degree Scottish Rite 
.Ma.son and Mystic Shriner. He is identi- 
iuH\ by meml>ership with the Chamber of 
Commerce and the Marion Club. In 1896 
Mr. Coonse married Miss Mary B. Caylor. 
Their only daughter. June, is the wife of 
James M. Breeding, and Mr. Coonse *s only 
grandson is Har\'ey James Breeding. 

II.\RRV D. Kr.\mm is treasurer and man- 
ager of the Kramm Foundry Company at 
Indianapolis. This is a highly distinctive 
industry and one which has brought not a 
little fame to Indianapolis as the center of 
mmlern projrre.HKivene.ss in the line of 
manufactures. 

The spe<*ial output of this foundrj' is 
aluminum eastinps. which larppely supply 
the automobile industr>\ It is probably 
the only concern in the State of Indiana 
that has complete facilities for the manu- 
facture of aluminum castinprs of different 
types, sizes and other specificatioas. But 
the unifjue honor of this business is that 
it is the only establishment in the world 
makine castincr of maluminum. This word, 
like the pnxluct it describes, is of recent 
j'oinaire but amonp metal manufacturers it 
h.ts exi'iteil much interest and the product 
itself is regarded as one of the most im- 
portant of new creations. Maluminum is. 




J^(P/c.^^^^ 




rD 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1711 



as the name indicates, derived from the two 
words, malleable and aluminum, and it is 
a combination or an alloy which is chiefly 
distinguished by its great tensile strength 
and malleability, a quality which natural 
fonns of aluminum do not present. The 
creator of maluminum is Mr. IIarr>' D. 
Kramm, who for a long time carried on 
experimental work in tlie eelUr of his In- 
dianapolis home, until he had satisfied him- 
self of the thoroughly practical value of 
the product which bears the name malu- 
minum. Maluminum is gaining special 
favor a.s one of the materials that enter 
into the construction of automobiles, and 
the product is now shipped to all parts of 
the count rj\ 

The Kramm Foundry Company is lo- 
cated at 1116-1130 East Georgia Street. 
While Mr. Kramm is the builder and the 
active head of the business, the other offi- 
cers of the company are W. S. Wilson, 
president, and B. F. Kelley, secretary. 

Mr. Kramm was born at Peoria, Illinois, 
May 22, 1871, son of Erhart and Kinily 
(Ca<|Uelin) Kramm. The father wtLs born 
in Germany and was fifteen years old when 
he sought the opportunities of the New 
World. His wife was born in France and 
was aliout stn-en or eight years old when 
her people came to this country and lo- 
cateti in Ohio. Erhart Kramm and wife 
married in Ohio, moved from there to Illi- 
nois; the latter is still living. l>eing about 
eighty years of age. The father died aged 
al)Out eighty-five. The following incitlcnt 
pos.sesses significance and much interest at 
the present time. In 187'! Hrhart Kramm 
and wife, having gained a considerable 
measure of material success, went back to 
Europe to vist the lands of their birth. 
This was onlv a few vears after the close 
of the Fran crv Prussian war, and in Ger- 
manv Erhart Kramm 's friends ami rcla- 
tives several times asked him how it was 
that lie could marrv a French woman. 
His simple reply, which spoke a vohnne in 
tliree wonls. was: "We are Americans.'* 
He had in fa«t come to America to become 
a?i Am4»ri<an. autl in all the years remained 
tmlv and sincerely devoted to th«' land 
of bis ad<']>tion. 

Erhart Kramm earlv in life became in- 
terested in coal miiiinjr in Illinois, was an 
<»perator and later built up a larsre bnsi- 
ncvs as a real estate man at Peoria. He 
has always Ihnmi a republican. Of the f\\e 



sons born to him and his wife four are 
still living, Charles B., Harry D., £. and 
William. 

Harry D. Kramm grew up in his native 
city, attended the local schooU there and 
gaineil a technical education in the Uni- 
versity of Illinois and the Rose Polytechnic 
InstitutQ at Terre Haute, Indiana. Hav- 
ing taken a course in mining engineering 
and having considerable experience in that 
line, he spent some time operating coal 
mines in the vicinity of Peoria, and after- 
ward was in Colorado, superintendent of 
the Humboldt and Hudson gold mines in 
Houlder County. Keturning to Illinois, he 
was for a time a merchant selling dry 
goods and shoes at I^ondon Mills, Illinois. 

Mr. Kramm came to Indianapolis twenty 
years ago and at first wa-s an employe of 
the Piont'cr Hrass Works. He remained 
with that firm until he organized the com- 
pany which now bears his name and of 
which he is the active head. This is a 
rapidly growing business, and during the 
great European war the company filled 
some extensive and important orders for 
war material for the (jovernmcnt. 

Mr. Kramm married at Terre Haute, In- 
diana, Ada Shewmaker, daughter of Abra- 
ham and Annie S. Shewmaker, of Marion 
County, Indiana. The old Shewmaker 
fann is now a part of the City of Indian- 
apolis, at Forty-Second and Central Ave- 
nues. Mr. and Mrs. Kramm have one son, 
H. Wayne, who is a graduate of a college 
at Mana.s.Ha.s, Virginia, and is now giving 
a measure of his patriotism as an Ameri- 
can by training in the aviation camp at 
Fort Leavenworth. 

Mr. Kramm is well known l)oth in social 
and technical organization in Indianapolis. 
He is a meml>er of the As.so<'iation of Auto 
Motive Engineers, is a member of the Ro- 
t-ary Club. Columbia Club and the Inde- 
pendent Athletic Club, the Canoe Club and 
the Motor Club. Politically he votes as a 
republican. 

Wn,M\M P. Jrxr.n.Ars has been a resi- 
dent of Indianapolis more than forty years 
ami dnrin$r that time has built up a busi- 
nes*< wid«'lv known as a contractor and 
bniMer. With a big business organization 
to his credit, and enjoyincr the universal 
«^teem of all who kiu>w him. Mr. Jung- 
clans is one of the prominent hidianans 
of tlie present time. 



1712 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



However, comparatively few people 
know that this substantial business man. 
is one of the most widely traveled and 
world experienced residents of the state. 
His early life reads like romance or a 
tale of travel. He roamed over all the 
seven seas, went to nearly every civilized 
port on the globe, and, oddly enough, when 
he left seafaring he came to a remote in- 
land city and only occasionally during the 
last forty years has smelleil or tasted salt 
water. 

Mr. Jungelaus wa.s bom near Ha^iburg, 
Gennany, February' 22, 1849. His father, 
Peter Henr>' Jungelaus, was a sea captain 
and for thirty-five years took his ships 
out of the port of Hamburg. He was a 
veteran mariner of long and arduous ex- 
perience, and lived to the venerable age 
of ninety-seven. 

At fourteen, after completing his com- 
mon school education, William P. Jung- 
elaus started out to see the world and taste 
of adventure, perhaps hoping to emulate 
the example of his father. For seven 
years he was a sailor, visiting every for- 
eign land, and during that time acquired 
a fluent knowledge of English, French and 
German and also of other languages suflB- 
ciently for business purposes. Beginning 
as a deck boy he was acting second mate 
when he quit the sea. Mr. Jungelaus was 
not only an efficient sailor but had an ap- 
preciation of all that he saw and expe- 
rienced, and penetrated through the ro- 
mance and wonder of the countries and 
lands which he visited on his many voy- 
ages. He was twice around the world, 
nmnded Cape Horn four times, was in all 
the principal st>aports of southern coun- 
tries, and north 72" to the north cape of 
Sweden and Norway in the Arctic ocean, 
was uj) and down l)oth east and west coast 
of South America, and also coasted the 
shores of Africa. He was in South Africa 
when the great dia?nond fields wen* dis- 
covered, and he knew Capetown in its 
palmiest days. Mr. Jungelaus visited Na- 
poleon's tomb at St. Helena in 1*^68. In 
1S67 h«' was at Hongkong and Nagasaki 
and saw both of these great oriental ports 
al>out the time China and Japan wtTC 
awakening to t(»ueh with the western 
world. In 1S67 hr also visite<l the Sand- 
wich Nlands. and altotrether he made two 
trips to Australia. He had perhaps an 
inherited talent for keen observation, and 



wherever he went scenes impressed them- 
selves indelibly upon his memory, and to- 
day he knows more about many foreign 
countries than most of the tourists who 
travel primarily to see and observe. 

In 1870 Mr. Jungelaus came with a 
load of whale oil from Oakland, New Zea- 
land, to Bedford, Massachusetts. That 
was the end of his experience as a sailor. 
Quitting the sea, he met his father at New 
York, and together they came west to In- 
dianapolis. The father later returned to 
Germany. 

William P. Jungelaus began his career 
in Indianapolis in a sufficiently humble 
and inconspicuous manner. He iworked 
as a laborer in construction, but being a 
sailor bom and trained and naturally 
handy with tools, he was in a few days 
pronounced a master workman. About 
1875 he began contracting on his own ac- 
count, and has been steadily in that line 
now for more than forty years. He has 
handled not only small but many large 
and important contracts. To mention only 
a few there should be noted the Masonic 
Temple of Indianapolis, several of the 
theaters, the New York Store, and Mer- 
chants National Bank Building. His bus- 
iness grew and prospered and for the last 
twenty-two years has been conducted as 
an incorporated company. 

Mr. Jungelaus is a Lutheran and in pol- 
itics votes for the man rather than the 
party. He has long been active in Ma- 
sonry and in 1889 attained the thirty-sec- 
ond degree of the Scottish Rite He is 
also a member of the Mystic Shrine. 

In 1872 he married Miss Marie Schu- 
macher. They have four living children: 
Fred W. : Dorothea, wife of Dr. Clarence 
Ihle, of Dayton, Ohio; Henry P.; and 
Marie S., Mrs. Samuel L. Patterson. Both 
the sons are associated with their father 
in busint*ss. 

Strickland W. Gillian, journalist, 
was born in Jaekson, Ohio, and began his 
newspaper work on the Jackson Herald. 
He sul>se<iuently became city editor of the 
Daily Telegram of Richmond, Indiana, 
189295; citv editor of the Richmond Daily 
Palladium. 1895-1901 ; reporter and editor 
of the Marion, Indiana, Daily Tribune, 
HH)1 ; and on leaving Indiana was identi- 
ficii with newspaper work in a number of 
the principal cities of this country. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1713 



Mr. Oillilan was first married to Alice 
Heiidrieka, of Sprin^eld, Ohio, who died 
in 1901. He wa.s subsequently married to 
Harriet Nettleton, of Baltimore. 

Mr. (fiinian is also a well known writer 
of hinnorou.s stories and verse. 

MiciiAKi. O'Connor. A nohle old-time 
citi7(*n and husinesK man of Indianapolis 
was the late Michael OH'onnor. He had 
l)ei*n a resident of the cajtital <*ity nearly 
half a century, and in that time his works 
and character had f?ivcn his name many 
substantial asso<*iati<>ns. not least anions 
them l>einp the M. 0'(\mn(»r Company, 
which durin^r his lifetime and since has 
been one of the larper wholesale orfraniza- 
tions in the state. 

Nearly ftmrsi^ore years were allotted him 
for his life and achievements. He was 
bom in Ireland May 18, 1838, and died at 
the home of his daughter, Mrs. M. J. 
Ready, in Indianapolis, November 1, 1916. 
In 1850, when he was eleven years ohl, 
his parents eame to America and settled 
in Pendleton County, Kentucky. The voy- 
ajre was* made in a three-masted vessel, 
and for that type of ship the trip was 
exe<*ute<l in the rather brief time of twen- 
ty-three days. The life of a Kentucky 
farm was not congenial to Michael O'Ctm- 
nor. At thirteen he went to Madison, 
Indiana, where he found a jilace as clerk 
at $15 a month in the wholesale groi«ery 
house of Connell & Johnson. Part of what 
he made he sent ba(*k home to sustain and 
encourage the O'Connors in their difficult 
struggles to get a living in the new world. 
Later he worked as shipping and bill clerk 
in Francis Prenatt's wholesale groi»ery 
house, and remained with him thre<» years, 
until 18r)9, when he went into business for 
himself as head of the wholesale grocery 
firm O'Connor, Clark & Company. From 
this he retired in 1862, and was again 
with Francis Prenatt & Companv until 
1867. 

After the Civil war, in which Mr. O'Con- 
nor hiid done his part as a home guard 
to pn»tect the Town of Madison from 
threatene<l incursions from the rebels south 
of the river, it seemed that Indiana]>olis 
offen*d better l>usiness opportunities than 
any other town in the state. Therefore, 
in Man*h. 1867. Mr. O'Connor antl family 
arrive<i at tht* capital, and for several years 
he was in the employ of Thomas F. Ryan, 



a wholesale liquor merchant. Then Fran- 
cis Prenatt, Jr., a son of his old employer 
in Madison, came to Indianapolis, and to- 
gether they took up the wholesale liquor 
trade under the name Prenatt and O'Con- 
nor. 

Retiring fn)m this business in 1875, Mr. 
O'Connor in February, 1876, bought the 
interest of John Caldwell in Landis, Cald- 
well & Company, wholesale grocers. After 
amither year Mr. 0'C<mnor bought the 
other parties, and the name, then changed 
to M. O'Connor & Company, has l>een re- 
tained to the pri*sent time, with offices 
and wareroums at 47-49 South Meridian 
Street. Forty years ago when it was es- 
tablished only two or three salesmen were 
evangels (if the firm and its goods over the 
state. Now a staff of fifteen or more dis- 
tribute the gooils of this old house over 
a large section of the Middle West. 

Michael O'Connor, though at his offices 
nearly every day, had been only nominally 
at the head of the business for some twelve 
years or more before his death. He had 
been well satisfii'd to turn the business 
over to his competent sons, five in number, 
who continue the business institution 
founded by their honored father. 

The late Michael O'Connor was a man 
of importance to Indianapolis for more 
reasons than one. For a time he served as 
president of the Capital National Bank 
and of the Marion Trust Company, and 
was a stockholder in the Fletcher Ameri- 
can National Hank and in various other 
corporations. Church and charity had 
long learned to depend upon his generous 
gifts and support. When the SS. Peter 
and Paul Cathedral was built he contrib- 
uted the three marble altars, and gave even 
more to the general building fund of the 
chuH'h, his total contributions l)eing esti- 
mated at more than $2r),(KX). His funeral 
was preached in the cathedral where he 
had worshiped so many years, and he was 
laid to rest in the Holv Cross (Vmeterv. 

On September 1. 18r>9, Mr. O'Connor 
married Miss Caroline Pfau, of Madison. 
Her father, Sylvester Pfau, was a retail 
grocer. The family of seven children who 
survived them are Charles M., William L., 
Jos4'ph S., Maurice, Beniard E., Mrs. M. 
J. Ready and Teresa. Their mother died 
in Septeml^er, 1913. 

William L. O'Connor, president of the 
M. O'Connor ft Compaayy was bom at 



1714 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Madisou, Indiana, July 26, 1866, and was 
educated in Indianapolis and went to work 
for his father in the wholesale grocerj' 
business in 1881. lie has been president 
of the company since 1903. Politically he 
is a democrat, and is a faithful Catholic. 
In 11>04 he married Miss Nellie Carr, who 
came from Ireland. Th^ir children, seven 
in number, are named Eileen, William S., 
Thomas J., Patricia, Michael, John and 
Richard. 

Oliver J. Dellett, M. I). For a quarter 
of a century, Doctor Dellett has been a 
memlKT of the medical profession in In- 
dianapolis, lie enjoys a larjre practice, an 
honorable station in the profession, and 
by training and cxixTiciice has worthily 
tilled his niche in the world. 

D<H»t<)r Dellett was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, September .*U), IS.*)!, and is the only 
survivor of the two childn^n of Jacob and 
Anfi Jane (Kincannon) Dellett. His 
father, a nativ«» of Ilarrisbur^?. Pennsyl- 
vania, in early life leariu'd the bnti'bcrs 
trade. At thr aire of twciitv-five he lo- 
cated at Ciiirjiuiati, Ohio, and established 
a retail meat business in that i'ity, con- 
ductinp it until his death in isr)."). He was 
a pHMi business man, and was widely 
known and esteemed becaus** of his strict 
intejrrity. his thomu^fh honesty and his 
(genial personality. He had many promi- 
nent friends in Cincinnati, one of them 
beinir his neijrhlwr Nicholas Ijonjnvorth, 
father of the present Ohio coiurressman. 
He conducted a nHKlel place of busim^s, 
and nmde it a point to supply his patrons 
not only with the standard qualiti<»s of 
meat but also pame of all kinds in season. 
It was j>erhaps the only place in Cincin- 
nati in thos«» earlv davs where customers 
could s<»iMin» supplies of venison, buffalo 
steak, and various kinds of small frame. 
He made his market a medium of s«Tvice 
and it was eorrespnnilinirly appreciatetl 
and patronized. He was also a inernl>er of 
the Masonic onler and lived and practiced 
the (toldcTi Hule. 

DiM'tor Dellett was four vears old when 
his father died and he irrew up in the 
home of his mother in Jefferson and Switz- 
erland counties in Indiana. He aci|uired a 
district s«'ho<il education there and in ^^l*^ 
came to Indiana{>olis. lie read medicine 
in the oflRi'c of Dr. T. M. Culver, one of the 
notable phynieans and surfireons of the city 



at that tmie. Later he pursued a course 
of studies in the Indiana Eclectic School 
of Physicans and Surgeons, and was gradu- 
ated M. D. with the class of 1893. For 
twenty years Doctor Dellett had his offices 
in the Commercial Block, and his profes- 
sional headquarters are now in the Saks 
Building. 

Doctor Dellett is a charter member of 
Monument Lodge No. 657, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. He married Miss Laura 
Tilford, of Madison, Indiana, and they be- 
came the parents of two daughters and one 
.son. The daughters, Edna and Etella, 
are both married. Ktella married Howard 
E. Wagner, of Indianapolis, Indiana, and 
lives in New York City. They have no 
children. Edna married Bert Ward and 
has five children, Lois V., Charlotte, How- 
ard, Gaine and Deborah. The son, Bruce 
J., was educated in the public schools of 
Indianapolis and was formerly publicity 
maiuiprer of the West Coast Florida Asso- 
ciation in New York City. He left this re- 
sponsible position to (piaJify for army serv- 
ice. He attended a training camp, and 
was the only member of his class without 
pn»vious attendance at militar>' school who 
received the commission of lieutenant. As 
an army of!i(*er he has been assigned to 
the connnis.sary department, and is now in 
active ser\'ice. 

(Jr.sT.w A. Recker is a meml)er of a 
family that has l>een prominent in furni- 
ture manufacture and a wholesale and re- 
tail dealers for two generations in Indian- 
apolis. 

He is a .son of the late Gottfried Recker, 
who came from Germany in 1849, landing 
at New Orleans and coming to Indianap- 
olis by way of Cincinnati and Madison, In- 
diana. At Indianapolis he married Lina 
Kuntz. of Madison. Indiana. She was bom 
at Karlsruhe. Germany. For many years 
(lott fried Recker was in the employ of H. 
Lielier & Company of Indianapolis, and 
subse<|Uently l>ecame associates! with Theo- 
dore Sander in the Western Furniture 
Company, of which he was secretary and 
treasurer and Mr. Sander, president. This 
company was one of the pioneer firms of 
Indiaiuipolis manufacturing furniture, and 
also conducted a retail store. liater the 
finn <lissolve<l and Sander & Recker took 
over complete control of the retail store, 
which has existetl at its present location 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1715 



in Indianapolis for forty years, including 
five years under the ohi regime. 

In 1901 the Sander & Recker Furniture 
(*onipany was incor]>oratcd, the leading 
spirit in that corporation being (lustav 
A. Recker, who l)eeaine pr(»«ident and 
treasurer of the rori)oration. Carl Sander, 
son of The<Miore Sander, is vice president, 
and Carlos Recker is secretary. 

(fottfried Recker died in 1900 and his 
wife in 1914. He was the organizer and for 
many years jiresident of the Indianapolis 
Academy of Music, and was nuisically 
talented himself and int^^rested in the i>ro- 
mntion of go<Mi music in this city. 

(lustave A. Rtvker was Imrn at Indian- 
ai>olis July 19, 186(5. He attended the 
grammar and high schools ami from his 
studies went into his father's l)usim»ss as a 
salesman and collector. Long and thonmgh 
experience <|ualific<l him to take chartfc of 
the business at the time of his father's 
death. The Sander & Recker Furniture 
Company now occupies the buildintr con- 
st ructetl for and formerly occupied by the 
Dan Stewart Drug Company. 

Mr. Recker is a member of the Merchants 
Assoi'iation. the lioard of Trade, the Cham- 
Wr of (*ommerce ami the Columbia Club 
and has always been active on various com- 
mitt<*H <»f these organi/jitions. He is a 
memlM»r of the Kiwanis, and one of the 
organiiwrs of the Better Business Bureau. 
To these institutions and movements he 
has alwavs iriven freelv of his time, and 
his entire career has Ikm-u an asset in In- 
dianapolis citizenship. 

June 30. 18!>:j. Mr. Recker nuirri4»d Miss 
Kstelle Rogers, of Indianapolis. Her father, 
J. N. Rogers, is a well known tiirure in the 
whob'Siile lumber busint*ss at Indianapolis. 
Her mother. Florence Walingford Rog<»rs, 
dic<l in 1914. Mrs. Recker is a graduate 
of Mrs. S<»wairs (Massical Sehool of Indian- 
apolis. She tak«»s an aetive part in Re<I 
Cross work. They have a <laughter and 
a son. The tlautfhter. Margaret Recker. is 
an art student, but is now iriving most of 
her time to the Reti (V>ss work an<l is 
stationed at Washinirton. D. C. The son. 
Max Roirers Recker. was a student in a 
militarv institute for a commission in the 
army, and was honora!)ly discharp»d De- 
cemi»er 2. 191S. 

Fkfj>fri(K J. Mkvkk is a veteran busi- 
ness man of Indiana|>4»lis, having come here 



nearl^" half a century ago, and for over 
forty years has been a merchant at one 
stand, 80*2 South East Street. He is 
founder of the well known firm of F. J. 
Meyer & Company. 

Mr. Meyer was born in Minden, Ger- 
many, Januar}' 2, 1847, a son of Ilenry 
and Mary (Sehakel) Meyer. His father 
was a well-to-do citizen of the old country, 
had a large farm and was the leading man 
of his community, ser\ing at one time as 
burgomaster or mayor. He died two months 
before his son Frederick was bom. The 
widowed mother lived to be eighty-one. 
Fre<lerirk J. Meyer wiis one of a family 
of five sons and three daughters. 

His (»l(ler brother. Christian, came to 
America when Frederick was still a si'hool 
lH>y in (icrmany. Christian during the 
Ameriran Civil war served as a Union 
soMicr an<l was (|uartennaster at Fort I^ar- 
amie at the elose of the war. Afterward 
he was a leading citizen of St. Joseph, 
Missouri, and for many years was financial 
rep(»rtcr and was pn»ininent in Masonic 
circles. 

Frederick J. Meyer attended the Luther- 
an schools of (Jermany, also a high sehool, 
and continm*d his e<lucation (piite regular- 
ly until he was seventeen years old. In 
IS()7. at the a>;e of twenty, he came to 
America. The presence of a friend. Andrew 
Prange. at Indianapolis caused him to lo- 
cate in that city, and he made his home 
with Mr. Prange for some time. His first 
employment was with Doctor Funkhouser, 
with whom he remained a year, and for 
another vear was emploved in the whole- 
.sale hous4» of Holland & Austemever. Later 
he took a contra**t to sprinkle Washington 
Strivt west of Meridian. In Octol>er. 1875, 
Mr. Meyer started in bu.siness at his present 
lo<'ation. At first he had a general .store, 
selling all kinds of merchandise to meet the 
demands of his patronagt>. For a number 
of vears now Mr. Mever has confined his 
business to the grocery and meat trade. 

During his lonir n'sidence in Indianap- 
olis he has Ihm'U identified with l>oth public 
and private interest.s. He sene<l as the 
democratic memlier of the Board of Public 
Works during Mayor Denny's administra- 
tion, and his work in that capacity waa 
highly cretiitable. For many years he ha» 
had a helpful part in church maintenance 
ami e> tension, and helped to build the 
Trinity LotheTan Chnreh in Tndianapolia. 



1716 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



For eighteen years he has been president 
of St. Paul's Congregation, and for thirty- 
two years trustee of the Orphans Home. 
Mr. Meyer has been an honored member 
of the Indianapolis Board of Trade since 
1893, practically throughout its entire 
existence. 

October 31, 1871, Mr. Meyer married 
Mary Buddenbaum. She was bom in Ger- 
many August 12, 1847. Their only child 
died in infancy, but their home has been 
a haven an<l refuge for many children 
who have spent part of their boyhood or 
girlhood under the kindly care of Mr. and 
Mrs. Meyer. One daughter they adopted, 
Addie, who is now the wife of II. E. Bud- 
denbaum, a partner in business with Mr. 
Meyer. 

Sol II. EsAREY. There are few law finns 
in Indianapolis that enjoy as good a pres- 
tige and more seUvt practice than that of 
Watson & Ksarey, whose offices are in the 
Pythian Building. The members of this 
firm are WanI II. Watson, James E. Wat- 
fum and Sol II. Ksarey. 

The junior iiieinber of the firm was for 
a iiumWr of years a.sHistant reporter for 
the Supreme (*ourt of Indiana, and is a 
man of wide legal training and experience. 
He was lK)rn in Perr>' County, Indiana, 
May 17, 1866. No other family has been 
known so long or so prominently in Perry 
County as the Esareys. It is said that his 
great-great-grandfather, John Esarey was 
either the tirst or the second permanent 
white settler in that part of the state. The 
grandfather, Jesse Esarey, lived his entire 
life in Perr\* County. Associated with his 
name are a long list of pioneer activities. 
He was a miller, owning and operating the 
first grist mill in Perry County, the machin- 
ery of which was operated by horse power. 
He also had the first luml>er and saw mill 
in the county, and was the first to intn)- 
duce steam power in the operation of such 
a mill. He was also a man of afTairs 
viewe<l from a public stan(l|M)int. He was 
a whip and later a republican, a stnmg 
temiM»ran«*e man when temperance advo- 
cates were few. and s*»rved as captain of 
the Home (tuards of Perry County. He 
rearwi a larg«» family of twelve children, 
all of whom grew to manh<»o<I anil woman- 
hoo<l. One of them wais John C. Esarey, 
father of the hidianapolis lawyer. John 
C. was Uirn in Pcrrv Cimntv in lh42 and 



made his life occupation farming. He is 
still living, at the age of seventy-five, and 
enjoying the best of health. He has done 
much to develop Perry County's life in 
religious and educational affairs. As a 
republican he served two terms as town- 
ship trustee and one term as county com- 
missioner and has been deeply interested 
in the Methodist Church. In 1864 he en- 
listed in Company Q of the Fifty-third 
Indiana Infantry, and joined his regiment 
at Atlanta, Georgia, participating in Sher- 
man *s March to the sea and thence through 
the Carolinas until the surrender of Johns- 
ton's army after the battle at Benton- 
ville. North Carolina. At the close of the 
war he rei*eived his honorable discharge 
at Indianapolis, and going back to Perr>' 
County took up the vocation which has 
basied him to the present time. He mar- 
ried Barbara Ewing, and they had nine 
children, eight of whom are still living. 

The second oldest of the family, Sol H. 
Esarey was bom in Perry County May 
17, 1866, and largely through his own exer- 
tions ac(|uired a liberal education. He at- 
tended the Academy it Rome, Indiana, 
the Central Indiana Normal School at Dan- 
ville, where he was graduated with the 
class of 1890, and had his legal education 
in Boston University Law School, gradu- 
ating LL. B. in 1902. Mr. Esarey practiced 
law at Cannelton, Indiana, and was one 
of the leading lawyers of that locality un- 
til 1905. In the latter year he removed to 
Indianapolis to take up his duties as as- 
sistant reporter of the Supreme Court, and 
was chiefly known to the local profession 
of the capital city in that capacity until 
1913. Mr. Esarey is a stanch republican, 
and during his residence at Cannelton he 
served as a member of the Sc*hooI Board 
and was a leader in establishing and build- 
ing the Cannelton Public Library, the first 
institution of that kind between Evansville 
and New Albany. He is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias fraternity, the Modem 
Woo<imen of America and other orders. 
For a numl>er of years he has be<*n a mem- 
l>er of the Metho<list Church at Indian- 
apolis, and for the last two years has taught 
a large Bil>le class of young ladies. Dur- 
ing his [)ractice at (*annelton Mr. Esarey 
established the principle affirmed by deci- 
sion of the Supreme Court of the right of 
a tax payer to com|)el a public official to 
return monev unlawfully obtained. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1717 



April 8, 1893, at Cannelton, he married 
Mi88 Emma L. Clark. 

Sidney L. Auohinbaugh is secretary and 
treasurer of the Spencer Aughinbaug^h 
Company, an incorporated firm that has 
handled a number of the most important 
transartioiLH in Indianapolis suburban real 
estate in recent years, and also covers a 
larfre field as dealers and brokers in farm 
lands. 

Mr. Auohinbaugh is a real estate expert 
largely through self training and experi- 
ence, lie was l)orn in Marion County June 
29. 1882, a son of Edward L. and Mary 
(Lewis) Aughinbaugh. His father, a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, came west alM)ut the 
close of the Civil war and located in In- 
dianapolis. He is now one of the capital 
city's oldest and best known inen*hants. 
His first experience here was as a clerk in 
the old Browning & Sloan wholesale dnig 
house. He has now been in business for 
himself as retail druggist for fully half a 
century, and is owner of one of the best 
known drug .stores in the city, at the comer 
of Michigan Street and Emmerson Ave- 
nue. Prolmbly no druggist in the city has 
a larger acquaintani'ie with the medical 
profession of Indianapolis, and a number 
of the oldest and most prominent physi- 
cians have regularly for many years had 
most of their presc^riptions filled at the 
Aughinbaugh store. Edward L. Aughin- 
baugh is an independent in polities and 
has always thrown the weight of his in- 
fluence to assist any worthy movement in 
the city. 

Sidney I^. Aughinbaugh is the second in 
a family of three children, all of whom 
are living. He was e<iucated in the gram- 
mar and high si*ho4)ls of Indianapolis, and 
l>cgan his career as elerk in a grocery store. 
After two years he took up the real estate 
business, aiui with no special capital he 
worked alone for eight years, and showed 
the value of his MTvice to a numl)er of 
clients and thus opene<i the way for the 
largi^r surress whieh has come to his com- 
pany. He then l>ecain4* a.ss<M*iated with 
Mr. Spt'iicer and organized the Spencer- 
.\u>fhinhaugh Company, of which Mr. 
Spen<*er is pH'sident and Mr. Anphinhaugh 
secretarv and treasurer. Wliile their work 
lias especially featured suburhan tracts 
around Indianapolis in recent years, they 
arc now more and more pinning their re- 



aourees to the handling of Indiana farm 
property. 

Mr. Aughinbaugh married, June 3, 1911, 
Miss Sue E. Hare. They have two chil- 
<lren, Susan and Sidney, Jr. Mr. Aughin- 
baugh is a member of Indianapolis Lodge 
No. 56, Knights of Pythias, and is a mem- 
ber of the Indianapolis Real Estate Board. 

Stani-£Y Wyckoff is a specialist in busi- 
ness. During twenty years of residence 
in Indianapolis he has l>oth as a matter of 
husiness routine and by personal inclina- 
tion kept his energies and his studies 
larg<*ly directed alonj? the line of food 
supply and distribution. The fact that 
he knows all the ins and outs of food sup- 
ply, its principal local sources, the man- 
ner of its handling, its con.ser\'ation, and 
the problems affect inj? its distribution was 
the reason he wa.s appointed in the fall 
of 1917 as Federal Food Administrator 
for .Marion County. It was also his va- 
ried knowledge an<l experience that has 
made hLs admini.stration of that difficult 
public service so strikingly successful. Mr. 
Wyckoff him.self, a.scribes his measure of 
accomplishment in this position merely to 
the application of goo<i business methods. 

Mr. Wyckoff was born at Oxfonl in 
Butler (*ounty, Ohio. November 22, 1874. 
He is of Dutch ancestry. His ancestors 
located at New Amsterdam or New York 
Citv about 1700 and some later members 
of the family took part in the Revolu- 
tionary war as patriot soldiers. His 
grandfather. Peter C. Wyckoff, moved to 
Ohio in 1837 and was a pioneer in the 
southwestern part of the .state. At Darr- 
town, on the stage route to Cincinnati, he 
was proprietor of a hotel. Alfred O. 
Wyckoff. father of Stanley, is still living 
at Oxford, Ohio. He is an honored old 
soldier of the Civil war. having gone 
through all that struggle with the 47th 
Ohio Infantry. He was present at Pitts- 
burgh. (*hickamauga. Missionary Ridge, 
in the hundred days Atlanta campaign, 
on the march to the sea and up through 
the Carolinas, and hardly ha<l the climax 
of tiL'htiiuf bet»n I'lided between the North 
and South when with his comrades he was 
hurried to the Mexican lH)rder to check 
the thn^atened U{>rising on the part of 
Maximilian. In business affairs he has 
\hh'U a farmer and sto<*k raiser and has al- 
ways kept blooded stock, particularly the 



/ 



1718 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Poland China hop?^. Alfred G. WyckoflP 
marri«Hi Elizal)eth Hancock, and* they 
were the parents of three children, two of 
whom are living. 

Stanley WyrkofT j?rew up on his father's 
Ohio farm and ha<l a public s(*hool educa- 
tion. In 1895 he arrived in Indianapolis. 
Having? only fi ft (^'U cents in his pocket, 
he neces.sarily confiected himself with em- 
ployment at the earliest jMissible moment 
and was enrolled in the commissicm house 
of Arthur •Ionian at a wape of six dollars 
a wtvk. That was his appn^ntict^hip in 
the commission business, and from the 
first he thoi-ouphlv studie<l cvcrv detail 
and |>romisinp (opportunity in addition to 
the p«'rformanc«' of his routine tasks. 
Sul>sequ«*ntly he berame interested in the 
firm of the (ilossbreinier-DcNlpr Companv. 
In 1910 .Mr. Wyckotr Inaipht th.' Indian- 
apolis poultry Company, of which he has 
siu<*<» iH'cn pn»side!it and maiuip»*r. As 
head of this fonriTii his first day's busi- 
n«»ss bn»UL'ht him lifty-four dollars. As 
an indication of the business today the 
receipts for Janmiry 24. 191 S, may be 
cited as ovrr eipht thousand dollars. It is 
a business that employs about thirty 
people. 

As a! read v noted, Mr. Wvckoff has made 
a study of fm»d products for years, not 
alone from the business stand|H>int but 
from a scientific view aa well. He was in- 
strumental in havinp etttablished at In> 
ilianaiKilis a field experiment station of 
the Tnited States Department of the Agri- 
culture Bureau of Chemist r>-. Conser\'a- 
tiv«* estimates are that this station in 1917 
saved to Indiana alone more than a million 
dollars, and has als4> l)een an important 
s(mrc«> of e«lucatioii and information to 
thousands of people. 

Mr. WyrkofT was appointe<l federal 
fo<Ki atlmiiiistrator of Mariim County 
N(>vemb«r 22. 1917. He is well known in 
Indiaiuipolis life, is idcntifiinl with various 
clubs and MKMal organizations, and is a 
repubiii-aii in politirs. May 29. \*<\}'\. he 
married <iertnid«' PottinpT. Thre*> chil- 
dn'ii \i«*n* liorn to their marriape: Mildre<i, 
Keis and Kii/abeth. Miblreil is diH*rased. 

[ 

AiJi»iiT KrtiF.NK S-nJiNK. M. D. The 
annals of the Indiana mtMliral profession 
durinp the past twenty years indicate a 
numtH*r of distinpuislied honors paid to 



the Indianapolis specialist, Doctor Sterne, 
and any one of these special marks of 
honor would be ordinarily deemed a suflB- 
cient reward in itself for almost a life- 
time of cons(.*ientious effort and attainment 
in the profession. His is undoubtedly one 
of the bip outHtandinp names of American 
me<licine and surper>\ 

He was Iwrn at Cincinnati, Ohio, April 
28, 1S66. son of Charles F. and EupiMiia 
(Fries) Sterne, tho former a native of 
Wuertemberp and the latter of Furth, 
Bavaria. His maternal prandfathcr was 
a preat scientist and s<*holar, was professor 
of physiolopj' in a (lerman Cniversity, and 
a meml)er of the Ix»pion of Honor. lioth he 
and his scm were kniphted by the Kinp of 
Spain for certain discoveries in chemistrj'. 

Charles F. Sterne, father of Doctor 
Sterne, came to Indiana about 1842 and 
l>c<*ame one of the wealthv and influential 
business men of Peru. He founded and 
owne<i the Peru Woolen Mills, which at one 
time manufactured all the woolen blankets 
used by the Pullman Car Company. He also 
established a pas plant at Peru, and his in- 
vestments in business interests were widely 
diversified. At one time he was an Indian 
trader. He died at Peni Aupitst 28, 1880, 
at the ape of fifty-two, and his wife passed 
away six months later, in 1881. 

Son of a wealthy father. Doctor Sterne 
was fortunate in the poAsession of ample 
means to prepare himself adequately for 
his chosen career, and was even more for- 
tunate in the possession of energy and am- 
bition to strive for the hiphest attainments 
and the complete use of his talents and 
opportunities. Ilis early e<lucation was ae- 
c|uired in the public schools of Peru, Cin- 
cinnati and Indianapolis. At the ape of 
eleven he was place<l in the Cornell School 
under Professor Kinney at Ithaca, New 
York. After a year he entereil Mount Plea- 
sant Militar>- Academy at Sinp Sinp, New 
York, where he studied five years, and in 
188:1, at the ape of seventeen, entere<l Har- 
vard Cniversity. He praduated in 1887 
with the depree A. B. cum laude. 

The six years followinp his praduation 
from Harvard Collepe he spent abroad, 
studyinp me<licine at Strassburp. Heidel- 
l>erp. Berlin. Vienna and Paris, and also at 
Dublin. Kdinburph and Ijondon. In 1891 
the Cniversity of Berlin awanled him the 
depree Do(*tor of Me<licine mapna cum 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1719 



laude. He also bad extensive clinical ex- 
perience, and was the assistant in such 
institutions as the Charity Hospital in Ber- 
lin, the Salpetriere in Paris, the Rotunda 
in Dublin and the (^ueen*s Square London. 
He helped promote and found a Society of 
American Physicians in Berlin. 

Returning to America in 1893, Doctor 
Sterne soon established himself in practice 
at Indianapolis. For a number of years 
his work was in the j^neral field of med- 
icine and 8urger\% but more and more his 
talents have been concentrated upon the 
8pei*ial field in which his attainments rank 
hiiflicst. nervous and mental diseases and 
brain surgery. Indiana is indebted to 
Doctor Sterne's initiative for one of the 
highest class sanatoriums for the treatment 
of mental and nervous disorders in the 
Middle WtM. This is **Non*'ays'' San- 
atorium, the original building of which 
was the old Fletcher hoipestead opposite 
"Woodruff Park. The buildings have been 
extensively enlarged and remodehnl, and 
occupy a beautiful lo<»ation in the midst 
of four and a half acres of ground. From 
year to year the staff has been increased 
by associated consultants in ever>- depart- 
ment of medicine and surgery, though the 
requirements of the war have seriou.sly de- 
pleted the staff organization, as has been 
true of practically ever>' other big hospital 
in the country. The Norwavii Sanatorium 
is normally devoted to research diagnosis 
and intensive study. 

In 1894 Doctor Sterne was appointed to 
the chair of mental and nervous diseases 
in the Central College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, and sulmequently was given a 
similar chair in the Indiana University 
School of Medicine. Nearlv all of his in- 
dividual work at present is in consultation 
on nervous diseases and diagnosis. He is 
connecte<l unofficially with clinics at Cen- 
tral Hospital and has held clinics on mental 
diseases there continuouslv everv vear 
since they were inaugurated. His con- 
nection with the City Hospital and Univer- 
sity has also been unbroken from the begin- 
ning, and he is one of the few men whose 
official re<»ord has been so continuous. 
Doctor Stenie has witnesse<l all the changes 
in amalgamation of state medical s<»hools in 
Indiana. He has served as con.sulting 
neurologist to the City Hospital and dis- 



pensary, to the Deaconess Hospital, Flower 
Mission and other local institutions. He 
was at one time associate editor of the 
Journal of Mental Nervous Diseases at New 
York City and also of the Medical Monitor. 

Some of his most valuable work has been 
in the educational side of the profession. 
Many able physicians all over the country 
speak of him as their authority, and many 
of the results of his personal experience 
and observation have been co-ordinated and 
rcducetl to writing in the form of mono- 
graphs on nervous diseases and diagnosis. 
These monographs have \yeen published and 
extensively incorporated in various text 
books. 

Doctor Sterne is a member of the med- 
ical section of the National Council of 
Defense, and is chairman of the Medical 
Defense (\)inmittee of the State Medical 
Association, and prepared the by-laws of 
that <'onunittee. He was honored with the 
presidencv of the Ohio Vallev Medical As- 
sociation in 1911 and in 1913 was president 
of the Mi.ssissippi Valley Medical Associa- 
tion. He is also a member of the various 
local medical soi'ieties, the American Med- 
ical Association and the Medico-Legal So- 
cietv of New York. 

• 

In a business way Doctor Sterne is pres- 
ident of the Indiana Oaxaca Mining Com- 
pany, of which he was organizer. This 
company controls gold mining properties 
in Mexico. He is interested in other in- 
dustrial concerns in Indianapolis. He is 
a member of the University, Columbia, 
Highland, German Hou.se. and Independ- 
ent Athletic Clubs at Indianapolis, and 
takes his recreation chiefly in golf and 
hunting. In politics he is republican. 

March 4, 1905, Doctor Sterne married 
Miss Laura Mercy Laughlin, daughter of 
James A. and Mary (Carty) Ijaughlin of 
Cincinnati. Mrs. Sterne was an accom- 
plished musician. She died May 25, 1909, 
at the age of thirty-five. October 18, 1913, 
Do<»tor Sterne married Stella Gallup, 
daughter of John Gallup of Evanston, 
Illinois. Doctor Sterne is also a member 
of the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science and from 1901 to 
1905 sen-ed as assistant surgreon general 
on the .staff of Governor W. T. Durbin, 
and holds the rank of lieutenant colonel 
in the Indiana National Guards. 



1720 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



Louis Koes. A genius for machinery 
and mechanical enterprise has been the 
actuating principle in the life and career 
of Louis Koss, president of the Capital 
Machine Company of Indianapolis. This 
business has grown and developed almost 
entirely upon the basis of the inventive 
originality and energy supplied by Mr. 
Koss, and is now one of the important com- 
panies in the United States manufacturing 
veneer machinery. It is one of Indianap- 
olis* most distinguished industries. 

As a hoy Ijouis Koss entered the old 
Eagle machine shops. These shops were 
then located where the Union Station now 
stands. Here for five years he accepted 
ever>' opportunity to cultivate his natural 
aptitude for machinery and inventions, and 
in that time he also became a finished 
workman. With this experience though 
with limited capital he opentnl a shop of 
his own on Hiddle Street. At that time 
he bef?an manufacturing machinery for the 
making of veneer. It was about that pe- 
riod that Indianapolis became one of the 
large centers of the veneer industry in 
the Middle West, and there was much local 
demand for machines capable of making 
materials used in nail kegs and barrels. 
His business grew and prospered, and he 
next moved to a better location on Ala- 
bama Street, opi)osite the Marion County 
Jail. When these quarters were outgrown 
he moved the plant to 502 South Penn- 
sylvania Street, where the Coil Heating 
Plant is now IcK'ated. The final move was 
made in liKW to the present extensive plant 
of the Capital Manufacturing Company at 
2801 Roosevelt Avenue. Mr. Koss has 
from the tirst l)een the giiiding spirit in 
the development of this industry. The 
firm now manufactures all kinds of ma- 
chimbs and ai>pliances for making veneer. 
This machinerv has three distinct classifi- 
cations, dept^nding upon the general 
meth<Hl used in manufacture, and com- 
prises what may l)e desc^rilKNl as rotary 
cutting machines, sliceing machines and 
saws. The KosH ventvr making machines 
have l>een distributed to all parts of the 
worhl and are nt)w l^eing more extensively 
usetl than ever. 

» 

Hon. Frki> a. Sims. While essentially 
a tmsiness man and l>anker. no man has 
done more in recent years to infuse vitality 
and strength into the republican party of 



Indiana than Hon. Fred A. Sims of In- 
dianapolis. He is president of the Bank- 
ers Investment Company of that city, and 
during the Gkxxlrich administration has 
also served as a member of the Indiana 
State Board of Tax Commissioners. 

FVom pioneer times the Sims family 
has been a prominent one in Clinton 
County, Indiana. Fred A. Sims was bom 
at Frankfort, county seat of that county, 
October 8, 1867, son of James N. and Mar- 
garet (Allen) Sims. He was reared and 
educated at Frankfort, and with the ex- 
ception of a year in 1887-88 spent in Chi- 
cago, was a resident of Frankfort until he 
removed to Indianapolis. He served four 
years as mayor of that city and his grow- 
ing strength in the republican party of 
that section gradually brought him a state- 
wide leadership. For eleven years, begin- 
ning in 1896, he was a member of the Re- 
publi(*an State Executive Committee from 
the Ninth District. In 1904 he was secre- 
tarv of the State Executive Committee. 

Mr. Sims came to Indianapolis in March, 
1906, to l)ecome secretary' of state of In- 
diana by appointment from the governor, 
lie filletl that office five years lacking three 
months. In December, 1910, the demo- 
cratic governor, Marshall, appointed him 
a meml>er of the Board of Trustees of the 
Southeastern Hospital for the Insane. 
Early in 1911 Governor Marshall also ap- 
pointe<l him a member of the Board of 
Tax Commissioners of Indiana, but he 
resigned after serving a year. 

Mr. Sims was chairman of the Republi- 
can State Committee in 1912, and led his 
party in a campaign that was strenuous 
even in the annals of Indiana politics. He 
continued as state chairman until 1914. 
In that year Mr. Sims reorganized and be- 
came president of the company, which is 
now his principal business connection. 

September 1, 1917, Governor Gootlrich 
ap[>ointeil him a member of the State 
lioard of Tax Commissioners. This honor 
was fittingly l)estowe<l since Mr. Sims 
was one of the originators of the present 
tax <*ommission law and was largely instru- 
mental in having it enacted. Because of 
his wide business and financial experience 
he is able to give the state useful apd ex- 
ceedingly valuable 8er\'ices. June 6, 1918, 
Mr. Sims married Miss Elsa A« Dickson. 
She was bom and reared in Indianapolis, 




INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1721 



and is a membfr of the city's most promi- 
nent families. 

Henry Lane Wilson. In the last quar- 
ter of a centur>' probably no Indianan has 
played a lar|^r and more important role 
in the complexities of modem diplomacy 
and the adjustment of international rela- 
tions than Henr>' Lane Wilson, who for 
nearly a score of years had front rank 
amont; American diplomats abroad. For 
sevecal years he was I'nited States minister 
to liel^um, but the work which brought 
him his chief fame was as minister to Chile 
and later to Mexico, where he remained at 
his post of duty until the disruption of that 
republic through revolution. His long 
residence in Latin America has brought 
him a knowledge of the people and the 
economic and political affairs of those coun- 
tries such as probably no other living 
American possesses. 

His diplomatic services constitute only 
one phase of a notable family record in 
Indiana, and through several generations 
the Wilsons of Indiana have been men of 
prominence in their own state and in the 
nation. 

The founder of the family in Indiana 
was Jcihn Wilson, who was born November 
29. 1796. at Lancaster. Lincoln County, 
Kentucky. His father. Rev. James Wil- 
son, I). I)., a Presbyterian clergyman, with 
his wife Agnes (McK<m») Wilson, came 
from Staunton, Augusta County. Virginia, 
to Lincoln County. Kentucky, when the 
latter commonwealth was on the frontier 
and the scene of active conflict between 
advancing civilization and the barbarous 
re<l men and forest conditions. The fam- 
ily ancestry goes back to (*ounty Down, 
Ireland. One of the name, James Wilson, 
attaineil the rank of colonel in the colonial 
armies of the Revolution. Another served 
in Congress for a numl)er of years from 
Virginia. Agnes (McKee) Wilson was a 
daughter of Col. William McKee, a prom- 
inent figure in the early history of the 
Cnited States. He was a native of County 
Down, Ireland, and came to America as a 
colonel in the British army, taking pnrt in 
the war in (*anada against the French. 
Later he settles! in Virginia, married, and 
when the Revolutionary war came on es- 
pousetl the cause of the colonies and at- 
tained the rank of colonel. He was also 
on the border during the Indian wars. 



He commanded the fort at Point Pleasant, 
and that place today is known as McKees- 
port, Pennsylvania, named in his honor. 
He was a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of V^irginia, and for valiant 
services in war was awarded 4,000 acres 
of land in Kentucky, and moved west to 
occupy these poaaessions. 

Such ancestry constituted John Wilson 
a man of sturdiest mold, of keen intellect, 
and of unusual force of character. On ac- 
count of his dislike of slavery- he left Ken- 
tucky, spent a year in Illinois and in 1822 
settled at Crawfordsville, Indiana. In 
1H23 he married Margaret Cochran. John 
Wilson was C raw fords vi lie's first postmas- 
ter, keeping the office in a log cabin. In 
1823 he was elected the first Circuit Court 
clerk of Montgomery County, a position he 
lield continuously for fourteen years. At 
this election the total voting population of 
the county was only sixty. In 1825, with 
two others, he laid out the town of La- 
fayette. In 1840 he was elected to the 
State liceislature and served one term. 
John Wilson became a wealthy man for 
those days, his possessions comprising 
farms, stores and other properties. In 
1857 he retired from the more active cares 
of life, and moving to a large tract of land 
he had bought in Tippeeanoe County lived 
there until 1863, when he returned to 
Crawfordsville and died in that eitv the 
foPowinif year. 

Among his larjre and interesting family 
probably the l)est known was James Wil- 
son. He was born at Crawfordsville, April 
9, 1825. In 1842. at the age of seventeen, 
he flrraduated from Wabash College. He 
read law with Gen. Tilghman H. Howard 
at Rockville, but though qualified was not 
admitted to the bar on account of his youth. 
He volunteere<l his services in the war 
against Mexico, and was in all the engage- 
nients of the campaign under General 
Scott. Thus as a boy Henry Lane Wilson 
heard from his father's lips many facts 
concerning the people of the republic to 
uhich vears afterward he was sent as a 
m nister. After the war James Wilson 
prietieed law in Crawford.sville until 1856. 
In that year he was elected to Congress, 
defeating the '* Sycamore of the Wabash" 
Dan Voorhees. He was re-elected, but 
declined a third nomination. His con- 
gressional career fell in the stormiest pe- 



T«i. nr— II 




1722 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



riod of national destiny, and he went to 
C*ongress as an ardent republican and stood 
consistently on the platform of his party 
and was an avowed enemy of slavery. 
Both in (/ongress and at home he helped 
to bring those forces together which were 
gaining momentum and eventually saveil 
the rnioii from destruction. At the close 
of his Congressional career and the begin- 
ning of thr war he was made post (juarter- 
master bv President Lincoln. Later he 
rendered active service in the ranks as 
major and lieutcnant-roloncl, and at the 
clos<» of the war was honorably mustered 
out as colonel A. I). (\ 

Again he resumed his legal practice at 
Crawfordsville, but in a short time was in- 
ductnl to bci'omc minister to Venezuela at 
a time when gravely important matters 
were pending lK»twccn that country aiul the 
Tinted States. lie was suddenly stricken 
with a fatal illness and died at Caracas in 
1867, at the age of forty-two. While fully 
ten years of his brief active life had been 
given to public affairs, he attained rank as 
OIK* of tho ablest mcml)ers of the Indiana 
bar. and was a splendid type of the un.self- 
ish, high-minded and energt»tic citizen, 
flames Wilson married Emma Ingersoll. 
Thrir three sons were John I>K*kwood, 
Tilghman IIowanK ami Henry l-#ane. 
Tilghman H. died in early manhood. 

Space should l>e given here for a brief 
rword of the career of John Lockwood 
Wilson, oldest brother of Henry L. Wil- 
son. He was iMirn Augu.st 7, 1850, grad- 
uate* 1 in the classiral course from Wabash 
(*olIcgt> in 1S74. and for a time was em- 
ployed in a department at Washington. 
Later he prHcti<'t»d law at Oawfordsville. 
In ISSO he was eleetiMl to the State legis- 
lature from his native county. President 
Harrison apiN)inted him land agent at 
Colfax in Washingtnn Territory, and while 
there he iMM'jime actively interested! in ter- 
ritorial affairs. He was sent as a delegate 
to roiign»xs from the territory, and when 
WashinjJTtoii was admitted to the rnion 
was one of the first congressmen el»M*ttHl 
from the state. For four years he repre- 
sented Washington State in the Tnitetl 
State's Senate. S«'nator Wilson die<l No- 
veml>er <>. 1?M2. He marrie<l Edna Hart- 
man Sw«vt. of Trawfordsville, and their 
only child is .Mrs. H. Tlay (HMHllo«^ of lex- 
ington, Kentucky. 



Ilenrj' Lane Wilson, only surviving 
member of his father's family, was bom 
at Crawfordsville, Indiana, November 3, 
1856. He graduated from Wabash Col- 
lege A. H. in 1879, and subsequently was 
honored with the degree Master of Arts 
from the same institution. Mr. Wilson 
studied law with the firm of McDonald & 
Butler at Indianapolis. But after a hriet 
experience as a practicing lawyer he took 
up journalism as owner and editor of the 
Ijafayette Daily Journal. He was a citizen 
of Ijafayette from 1882 to 1885, and on 
selling the newspaper went west to Spo- 
kane, Washington, where he built up a 
highly suwessful and remunerative law 
practice and also engaged in banking. 
Washing^ton Territory was then rapidly 
developing and Mr. Wilson gradually 
abandoned law for the more profitable busi- 
ness of real estate. He organized several 
trust companit*s, banks and other corpora- 
tions, and acquired a considerable private 
fortune, most of which, however, was lost 
in the panic of 1893. Mr. Wilson re- 
maiiHHi a resident of Washing^n until 
1896. In the meantime he had become 
identified with polities not as a candidate 
for office but as a man interested in good 
government. Tpon the election of Benja- 
min Harrison as president he was offered 
the jKJst of minister to Venezuela in 1899, 
but ileclined. In 1896 he took a promi- 
nent part in the campaign through Wash- 
ington, Idaho and Montana in the elei*tion 
of William McKinley as president. Mr. 
McKinley tendere<l him the post of min- 
ister to Chile and he remained in that 
South American (*<mntry in that mission 
for eight years, from 1897 to 1905. 

Mr. Wil.son never regarded any of his 
diplomatic honors as a sine<*ure. He was 
an indefatigable worker, and during his 
ministrv to Chile he suecee<led in estab- 
lishing cordial relations l>etween that gov- 
ernment and that of the United States, and 
gained the unlimited confidence of the (Chil- 
ean p«»oplc. He was ereditetl on two occa- 
sions with l»eing chiefly res|Mmsible for pre- 
venting the outbreak of war l>etw«»en Chile 
and the Argentine Republic. An unusual 
mark of nirard and appreciation of his 
vsIuimI ser%'ices was paid in 1911 when the 
National Cniversity of Chile conferred 
upon him the degree Doctor of Philosophy. 
PhiloIog>' and Fine Arts. This distinction 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1723 



comes from the oldest university in the 
WeHteni Hemisphere, and is an honor that 
was never be fori* conferred u|)on a North 
American. 

While Mr. Wilson was at Chile he was 
twice transfcrn^l to other posts, to Portu- 
jral and Gretn^c, but at his own re<^uest he 
was |>ermitted to retain the Chilean post 
In 1903, in recognition of his important 
work in prevent iii^r war between Chile and 
Argentine, Pn*sident Roosevelt appointed 
hiiu minister to (tre<»cc, but at his own re- 
quest he was |H'rmitteil to remain in Chile. 

In 19()4 President Roosevelt appointed 
him minister to Belgium. In announcing 
this ap|M)intment to the Asswiated Press 
Mr. H<w)sevelt said: **This appointment is 
not made for political consideration, but 
solely for meritorious service performed." 
As Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary Mr. Wilson remained in 
that now unhappv and stricken country 
of Belgium fn»m" 1905 to 1910. When 
President Taft came into the W^hite House 
he was nfferwl tirst the Russian and then 
the Austrian ambassadorship, but declined 
each. He was appointed ambassador to 
Turkey, but before he qualified this ap- 
pointment was changed to ambassador to 
Mexico. His appointment was confirmed 
!»v the Senate within one hour after his 
name had Ihhmi submitted. 

During the period from 1909 to 1913 no 
American ambassadorship involved more 
complexing and delicate responsibilities 
than that of minister to Mexico. Mr. W^il- 
Kon was head of the American «*mbassy 
in .Mexico during the various successive 
waves of revolution which eventually 
plungtHl that country into anarchy and 
brought about the first steps of interven- 
tion on the part of the armed forct»s of 
the CnittNl States. Mr. Wils4>n continue<l 
bis wc»rk as ambassador until July, 1913. 
when he was summoned to Washington by 
President Wilson and resigned the post, 
his resignation taking effect in October, 
1913. That closed a diplomatic career of 
seventeen years, the longest consecutive 
service by an American as chief of foreign 
missions. 

Since that time Mr. Wilson has remained 
a resident of Indianapolis, and has spent 
much of his time on the lecture platform. 
In the presidential campaign of 1916 he 
was one of the leading speakers in pro- 



moting the candidacy of Mr. Hughes. 
Among other honors he was special am- 
bassador from the Ihiited States at the 
crowning of King Albert of Belgium, and 
was American delegate to the Brussels Con- 
ference on Collisions at Sea and also to a 
confen^ncc to regulate the use of arms in 
Africa. Mr. Wilson has served as vice 
president of the World Court l^eague, of 
the S«MMirity I^eague and the League to 
Enforce Peace. He has written extensively 
for magazines and peri(Nlicals on political, 
scientitic, and fictional themes, his work as 
a fi<*tion writer being under a nome de 
plume. Mr. Wilson is a member of the 
Sons of the American Revolution, Society 
of Colonial Wars, of the Columbia Club 
at Indianapolis, of the Masonic Order, and 
the Theta Delta Chi college fraternity. 

In ()cto)K*r. 1885, he married Miss Alice 
Vajen, daughter of John II. Vajen, a citi- 
zen of wide prominence in Indiana. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilstm have three children. 
John Vajen. the oldest, is a graduate of 
Wabash College and a practicing lawyer 
at Indianapolis. Warden McKee, the sec- 
ond son, is a graduate of Cornell Univer- 
sity, was formerly attache of the Foreign 
DepHrtment of the (tuarantee Trust Com- 
pany of New York City, and is now a 
lieutenant in the Interpreters Corps of the 
(Jeneral StatT of thi» I'liited States Army. 
The youngest son. Stewart C., also a grad- 
uate of Cornell Cniversity, is serving with 
the rank of lieutenant in the One Hundretl 
and Thirteenth Cnited States Kngineers 
in France. 

Munhnmn B. Wnx)N. more than forty 
years active in banking circles in Indiana, 
is an honorcil figure in the business life of 
this state, and though he has been nomi- 
nally retired since attaining the age of 
thn»e score and ten, is still an executive 
officer in one or two business institutions 
an<i still occupies a place of usefulness and 
influence in his home city. 

Though a resident of Indiana since early 
manhood Mr. Wilson was bom at Pales- 
tine, C'rawford County, Illinois, in Decem- 
lier. 1845. He was the seventh among 
nine sons and one daughter bom to Isaac 
N. and Hannah Hamess (Decker) Wilson. 
This branch of the Wilson family is Scotch- 
Irish, and was founded in America by m 
Preri>3rterian clergyman who came from 



A 



1724 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Belfast before the Revolutionary war. In 
the maternal line the Deckers were Hol- 
land Dutch. Mrs. Isaac Wilson had 
some uncles by the name of Decker, who 
were very prominent, one of them serving 
on the first Orand Jurj' ever held in the 
Territory of Indiana, and two others by 
the name of Mullady being founders of 
the Catholic University in Washington. 
Isaac N. Wilson and wife were both bom 
in the same section of what is now West 
Virginia, the former at Moorefield and 
the latter at Romney. Isaac Wilson when 
a young man went to Illinois in 1816 with 
his parents, and Miss Decker went to that 
state with her parents the following year. 
Isaac Wilson was a successful .business 
man and honore<l citizen of Crawford 
County, Illinois, until his death. 

Reared in a home of su))stantial char- 
acter, Medfonl H. Wilson receive<l an edu- 
cation to those of most boys and girls of 
his day. He attended the public .schools 
and an academy in his native town, spent 
two years in Vincennes University at Vin- 
ccnncs, Indiana, and then went abroad 
and coinplcted a four years' course in com- 
mercial law and other subjects at the Uni- 
versity of .Marburg. Hesse Cassel, Ger- 
many. Mr. Wilson was one of the few 
younjr men of the Middle West of his gen- 
eration who went abroad to finish their 
education. 

On returning to the United States in 
1870 he t»stablishe<l the first bank at 
Sullivan. Indiana, known as the Sulli- 
van County Kank, incorporated under the 
state bankinir laws. This was subseipientlv 
reorganized as the First National Bank, 
and Mr. Wilson ccmtinued its president for 
morr than twenty years. His experience 
and suc<*css as a count r>* banker opened 
up a still larger field for him at Indian- 
apolis, of which city he has been a resident 
sin<»e l><*^f>. Hort* he brought about the 
orpranization of the Uapital National Rank. 
which was incorporated in Det»ember, 1889, 
with a capital stock of $300,000. He was 
pn»sidi»nt of the Capital National until 
January. 1904, when he resigned and dis- 
posetl of his stt>ck to be<*ome president of 
the Columbia National Bank. At the 
time of the consolidation of the <*(»lumbia 
National and the Union National banks 
Mr. Wilson retir»*<l from direi»t participa- 
tion in banking, and has since d^vote<I him- 



self to his private business interests. He 
is now vice president of the American 
Buncher Manufacturing Company of In- 
dianapolis and is treasurer of the Crown 
Potteries Company of EvansviUe. 

It is as a successful financier and busi- 
ness man that Mr. Wilson is best known 
throughout the state, and through these 
lines he has contributed his chief services. 
He has always been a democrat but with- 
out political ambition, is a thirty-second 
degree Scottish Rite Mason and a mem- 
ber of Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 
He has been a working member of the 
Indianapolis Board of Trade, of the Com- 
mercial Club, the University and Country 
clubs, and he and his wife are active in 
the Presbyterian Church. 

In 1872 he married Miss Nettie A. Ames. 
She was born at Geneva, Ohio, but was 
reared in Detroit and Cleveland, being 
a resident of the latter city at the time 
of her marriage. The five daughters of 
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are: Daisey, who 
married Frank F. Churchman, of Indian- 
apolis, and they have two sons, Wilson 
and Frank L. ; Sarah, wife of Jamea L. 
Floyd, of Indianapolis; Ruth, who mar- 
ried (Jeorge M. B. Hawley ; Edith, wife of 
William H. Staflford, and their four chil- 
dren are; Edith Ann, William H., Sybil, 
and Barbara; and Clan», who marrieti 
Capt. Reginald W. Hughes, of the Eighty- 
Ninth Division U. S. A., and now in the 
Anny of Occupation in Germany. 

• 
George S. Schai'ER. For a quarter of 
a century George S. Schauer has been one 
of the (|uiet. hard working, successful busi- 
nesK men of Indianapolis, an expert ma- 
chiniHt by trade, gradually promoting 
himself to successful business as a con- 
tractor. 

.Mr. Schauer was born in Germany, 
though for years an American citizen. 
His birth occurretl at Roettingen on the 
Taulier. Bavaria. Januar>- 20, 1869. He 
is thus of the South German people, which 
more than any other class has distin- 
guished itself as followers of the flame of 
lil>erty and furnished perhaps a bulk of 
the patriots to the German revolution of 
\f^H. His own father was a participant 
in that revolution, and after it failed fled 
to Switzerland. I^ter he was allowed to 
return to his native Bavaria. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1725 



George S. Schauer wa8 educated in the 
common school system of his native t^ity, 
and was apprenticed to and learned the 
trade of machinist. That has been his 
lifelong occupation. His apprenticeship 
over, he traveled as a journeyman through 
various cities of Germany, and on reach- 
ing the prescribed age also answered the 
call to military senice. On account of a 
physical disability he served only a year 
and a half instead of the required three 
years. 

Early in his vigorous young manhood 
Mr. Schauer came to America and arrived 
at Indianapolis May 5, 1893. This city 
has since been his home, and here he mar- 
ried and brought up a family. For a 
numWr of years he was employed at his 
trade of machinist, but finally took up con- 
tracting and built up a good and substan- 
tial business. lie is a democrat in politics, 
and for years has been identified with those 
various movements w*hich have sought the 
welfare and advancement of people and 
institutions of his home city and state. 
Mr. Sehauer married Miss Margreth Kun- 
kel. She is of German ancestry, a native 
of Franklin Countv, Indiana. Twelve 
f*hildren were born to their marriage, and 
the seven now living are: Harry G., 
Helena, Marguerite, Amelia, Marie, Paul 
and Francis. 

While this record constitutes Mr. 
Schauer a reprcMMitative and useful citi- 
zen of his home state, and as such entitled 
to s()e(Mal recognition, it is his part in the 
larger program of national affairs that 
makes his name of special interest at the 
present. He followed with the keenest in- 
terest and appreciation the early phases 
of the great World war, and after America 
was drawn into the vortex he felt that he 
had an individual part to play above the 
normal and routine sacrifices of an Amer- 
ican citizen. He is a man of education, 
and his long practice of reading and ob- 
servation has given him a more than ordi- 
nary knowledge of German history and 
American institutions. He knows the Ger- 
man character thoroughly, and offered 
some interesting commentaries that serve 
to explain to the American some of the ap- 
parent anomalies existing between the 
German people and its military and gov- 
ernmental system. Mr. Sehauer says that 
the Prussian military caste, as represented 



by the Kaiser, plays upon two of the moat 
noble of human traits— obedience and loy- 
alty — which are thoroughly grounded in 
German character, in order to further ita 
terrible ambitions. This (Jerman military 
system, in the opinion of Mr. Schauer, 
ser\'e8 to debase and brutalize the soldier 
and make him a ready tool to do any act 
of atrocity, no matter how inhuman. In 
America the average German's love and 
reverence for the Fatherland is directed 
not toward the peculiar military inatitn- 
tions, f)ut is based on happy memories and 
traditions and the beauties of home life. 
Many Germans in their own country aa 
well as in America have been brought to 
believe that these institutions are at stake 
in the war. and not the military system. 
This view has, of course, been carefully 
cultivated by the German ruling class, who 
have in effect exploited the German masses 
and deluded them into believing that their 
very life and existence were threatened^ 
carefully concealing the head and front of 
offense, German militarism. 

Realizing these distinctions himself, Mr. 
Schauer has felt it his duty to educate 
(»thers of German birth and descent and 
convince them of the actual condition of 
affairs in Germany of to<lay. Therefore, 
at a great sacrifice of his own business, 
lie has taken up work that deserves to be 
better known by the nation at large. 
Without realizing*that an organization had 
been pcrfecteil in New York known as the 
Friends of (German Democracy, Mr. 
Schauer in February. 1918, called a meet- 
iiifiT of German people in Indianapolis, for 
which he prepared resolutions setting forth 
his principles and his ideas of an organi- 
zation. About that time he received some 
literature from the national headquarters 
from the Friends of German Democracy 
at New York, and at once allied himself 
with this organization, giving it his enthu- 
siastic support. The expressed purpose of 
the national organization is **to further 
democracy by aiding the people of Ger- 
many to establish in Germany a govern- 
ment responsible to the people," in line 
with President Wilson's oft repeated dis- 
tinctions between the German people and 
their rulers, and to require of all society 
members that they ** favor a vigorous proa- 
ecution of the war until the aims of the 



1726 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Ignited State's Ooveniment shall be at- 
tained." 

Mr. Schauer was one of the orpranizers 
of the Indiana branch of this society and 
was made its seiTetan'. Since then he has 
been appointtnl to his present position as 
state organizer for Indiana of the Friends 
of flennan Democracy, and as such he is 
cimstantly busy hH?turinpr througrh the 
state, distributing literature, writing let- 
ters, etc. Before he was appointed to this 
position he ^ve up his ovn\ business and 
devoted sevi*ral weeks at his own expense 
to teaching and spreadinj? the principles 
of the siwietv. He lectured to the German 
pt»ople in their own lauf^afre, and his work 
is convert injf thousands of them from their 
former views. Thus he is one of the indi- 
viduals wh<»s«» intlui'iice is <»f the greatest 
value to i»ur irovcrnm«»nt in these times. 
The object and aetivities of the Friends of 
(fcrinan Demoeraev have receiv«»<l the sane- 
tion and encouragement of the authorities 
at Was!iin<rton. The pri*sident of the Na- 
tional Society is Fran/ Sif?el. a son of Gen. 
Franz Sijjel. who was one of the famous 
Fiiion eommandcrs in our Civil war. 

« 
Frki> J. S(iiLK(JFJ.. From an appren- 

tici»ship in a furniture factory at wajres 
of two dollars and a half a week Fred J. 
Schlejrel has laboriously impn>ved his abil- 
ities and his opj>ortunities, and is now one 
of the leading building Vontractors of In- 
dianapolis. 

liorn in Germany April 4. 1876, son of 
Frederick and .Margaret (Rie<ler) Schle- 
gel. he was onlv six years old when his 
father die<l in Gennany in 1882. In 1891. 
at the age of fift<»en he accompanied his 
wi<Iowcd mother to America and lcM*ateil 
at Indianapolis. Mr. Schlegcl is an Amer- 
ican eitizen, and since early youth has 
been de\-oted to the institutions and ideals 
of this country. 

It was soon after he <*ame to Indian- 
a|N)liK that he went to work in a furnitun* 
factory at the small 4'ompen.sation nauHnl. 
Though it hanlly provided him with a 
ban* living, he «letermine«l to serve out 
his time in (»rder to have a nn'chanical 
trade up«>n which he could de|>«*nd in the 
future. He worketl as an apprentice five 
years, and later for eight months was in 
the employ of Hn>wn & Ketcham. but is 
indebted for his IwM training as a eari>en- 



ter and general contractor to William P. 
Jungclaus of the William P. Jungclaus 
Company. He was in his service for eigh- 
teen years, and during that time was 
made familiar with everj' detail of the 
building biLsineft.s. For eight years he was 
the firm's superintendent, and for three 
years was estimator of contracts. 

In 1914 Mr. Schlegel utilized and cap- 
italized his long experience and training 
by engaging in business for himself in 
partnership with Frank E. Roehm under 
the name Schlegel & Roehm. They are 
general contractors of buildings, with 
offices in the Lombard Building, and have 
a complete organization and service espe- 
cially ailapted to the construction of large 
buildings, many examples of their work 
l>eing in evidence in Indianapolis. 

Mr. S(*hlegel is affiliated with Pentalphm 
Ijodge No. 564, Free and Aceeptetl Ma- 
sons, jsvith Keystone (^hapter. Royal Arch 
Masons, with Scottish Rite (Consistory, 
thirty-second degree, and with Murat Tem- 
ple of the Mystic Shrine. lie is also an 
Odd Fellow and Red Man and votes as a 
republican. 

In December, 1901, Mr. Schlegel mar- 
ried at Indianapolis Miss Margaret Staen- 
del. Thev have one son, Frederick G., 
bom I)e<*emlH»r 16, 1909. 

• 
J.vNET ScroDER. Tcrre Haute claims 
the well known sculptor, Janet Scudder, 
among her native daughters. She was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Terre Haute, 
and afterward attended some of the moat 
celebratetl art institutes of this country 
and Europe. She was awanled the Bronze 
Medal in the Chicago Exposition in 1893, 
the prize medal at the St. Louis Exposi- 
tion in 1904, received honorary mention 
in the Salon, Paris, and her works are 
now exhibited in this country and abroad. 
She resides in New York City. 

!r\ a. MiNNirK. Twenty years ago Irm 
A. Minniek sele<*te<l Indianapolis as the 
center of his business activities. For sev- 
eral years he occupies! a ver>' ineonspie- 
uous n)le. (|uietly and industriously per- 
f(»rming his duties, but he has made a 
steady flimb to the heights of achievement 
and is now widely known as president of 
the National Dry Kiln Company of that 
citv. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1727 



Ho I)olonjrs to a pioiieor Indiana family. 
His ^reat-^rra ml father was born in Ger- 
many and founded the family in this coun- 
try. The tirst two ^eneratiouH retained 
the <»ld spt'llinj? of the family name a.s Min- 
nirh. The grandfather of Ira A. Minniok, 
William Minniek, a native of Virjirinia, 
moved from that state to Pennsylvania and 
then bniuffht his family to Wayne County, 
In<liana, when this was one vast wihler- 
n(»ss inhahit<Ml mostlv hv Indians and wild 

« • 

animals. William Minnirk finally located 
near SomenM»t in Wahash Count v. where 
he had his home the rest of his life. He 
was the father of seven children. 

Jacob Minnick, father of Ira. was l>orn 
in Pennsylvania, hut ^rcw up in hnliana 
in close touch with pioneer scenes. As a 
Imiv he helped <lenudc the land of its heavy 
jjrowth of timl)er, to jj^ruh stumps, to plant 
the jjrain by hand, to reap an<l thresh in 
the old fashioned way. and thus had a part 
in making Indiana what it is today. He 
was a man hijrhly esteemed for his up- 
rijrht life and sterling <pialitie.s. In the 
latter part of 1H40 he located in Richland 
Township of Grant County, and on his 
farm there pursued its <|uiet v<H'ation until 
his <leath in May, 1900. He reared his 
children to useful lives and to f^ood Amer- 
ican citizenship. Jacob Minnick married 
Sarah 0. I^awshe. a daughter of Peter 
liawshe. who was a pioneer Dunkard of 
Northeastern Indiana. She died in May, 
1909. Jacob Minni<*k was well known in 
Grant County in a public way, Rer\eil as 
county commissioner and in other positions. 
He and his wife had eight children, and 
the six to reach mature vears were: Hor- 
ace R.. Charles S.. Henry F.. Car>- F., 
who married Rev. Henry Neff. Amanda, 
wife of Oscar K. Haynes, and Ira A. 

Ira A. Minnick is an example of what 
a youiur American ean accomplish through 
his own unai<l<Ml efforts. He was bom on 
his fathcr*s farm in Grant County, Oct<v 
ber 23, 1S7S, and there grew to man's es- 
tate. While he had no partieular liking 
for srhfMil work, he managed to s«H'ure 
the foumlation f»f a practical education in 
spelling and mathematics. In 1S97, at 
the age of nineteen, he came to Indianap- 
olis as a student in a business c(»llegt\ In 
the fall of 1><9S soon aft*»r leaving college. 
he l>«H»a?ne a lKM»kkei»per for the Standanl 
Drv Kiln Comi»anv. W^hile connecteil 
with that corporation in the alM)ve capac- 



ity, he gainetl much valuable knowleilge 
of general busineas routine and a thor- 
oughly practical and detailed acquaint- 
ance with the drv kiln industrv. Then, 
m 190,'), he be<»ame a salesman for the Na- 
tional Dry Kiln Company, and with that 
business his ronneetion has since been con- 
tinuous. He soon acquired a stock inter- 
<*st in the company and since 1914 has 
been its president and active head. 

.Mr. .Minnit'k is essentially a progressive 
busin<»ss nuin with mo4lern ideas and char- 
aeteristie Ameriean push. He is a Mason, 
being a memlwr of Oriental Ixxlge, No. 
.'lOO. Free and AeeeptiMl Ma.sons, a mem- 
ber of Adoniraiii (Jrand Lodge of Perfec- 
tion of Indianapolis. Indiana, has attained 
tlh' thirty -second degree of Scotti.sh Rite 
and is a member (»f Murat Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. 

June 22. 1904. he married Miss Clara 
C. McLaughlin, daughter of Thomas Mc- 
Laughlin, of Indianapolis. They have one 
daughter, Mary l/oui.se. 

Aur J. LiPF.AR. One of the most im- 
pressive and at the same time simplest cere- 
monies that ever marked an Independence 
Day celebration in America occurred July 
4, 1918, when at Mount Vernon before 
President Wilson and a host of visitors 
the representatives of thirty-three differ- 
ent nations of the world, but all Americans 
in citizenship, filed before the tomb of the 
immortal Washington and cpiietly laid 
their tribute of flowers and pledged their 
loyalty and allejriance to America and the 
principles and ideals for which this coun- 
try and its government have stoo<l. 

Of the thirty-three representatives in 
that delegation perhaps none emphasized 
more perfectly the forces and influences 
which mold the emigrant received from 
foreign lands than the man who stood for 
the race of the Roumanian people. This 
Roumanian repres4»ntative was Alic J. Lu- 
fM»ar, a well known Indianapolis lawyer 
who had come to America from Roumania 
about fifteen years ago, poor and friend- 
b»ss, without knowledge of the English lan- 
guage, but has achieve<l a place of success 
and dignity as an American citizen, and 
upon M»lection and request of the Com- 
mittee on Public Information, of which 
Mr. Ctcorge Creel is chair • was ch i 
to repn*Hent his entire one 



1728 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



occasion above noted. The dignity and 
honor were especially appreciated by Mr. 
Lupear since it is estimated that about 
300,000 Americans are of Roumanian 
race and ancestry, about 23,000 of whom 
are in Indiana. 

Mr. Lupear was bom in 1886 in the 
town of Lucia, Roumania, son of John 
and Anna (Buhoi) Lupear. When he 
was a small child his parents moved to the 
town of Morcurea, Transylvania, which is 
the Roumanian section of Austria-Hun- 
grary, and there Mr. Lupear grew up and 
attended school. Papers which he still 
preserves, issued by his professors, show 
that he made excellent grades in school. 
His parents were communicants of the 
Greek Orthodox Church and the son was 
baptized in that faith. 

At the age of seventeen, in 1903, he 
came to America, first going to Youngs- 
town, Ohio, whither an older brother had 
preceded him. For almut six months he 
worked in a rolling mill in that city. He 
was later cinployecl in the Ohio roal mines. 
Since 1906 Mr. Lupear has had his home 
in Indianapolis. The first day of his ar- 
rival he found employment as a laborer on 
the construction of the New York Store. 
Later for a time he was in the sausage de- 
partment of Kingan & Company, meat 
packers. 

Even without the influences which have 
been recently S€»t in motion for the educa- 
tion and training of foreign bom residents 
for utilization of the opportunities of 
Ameriean citizenship, this young Rouman- 
ian set himself seriously to work to adapt 
himself to American life and traditions, 
and put himself u}>on the plane of equal 
opjMjrtunity with those of native birth 
and parentage. It was largely an indi- 
vidual pro<*ej«, one of the instruments of 
which was the night schools of Indiana- 
I>olis. which he attendetl altogethor for 
eight years, including his course in the 
Benjamin Harrison I^w School. He at- 
tendeil a business college for six months. 
Through those M^hools and his work he ac- 
quire<l a thonnigh knowle<|ge of the Eng- 
lish language, so that when he was grad- 
uates! fn)m the law school in the class of 
1916 he was enabled to enter at once into 
practice. He is a graceful and accom- 
plished speaker and writer. He carries on 
a general practice of law in the County, 
State, and Federal Courts. 



Mr. Lupear in addition to the si^ 
honor recently paid him was abo one of 
the six delegates who drew up the resolu- 
tions and eloquent address which was de- 
livered by Felix J. Streyckmans of Chi- 
cago, a native Belgium, at the time of the 
Mount Vemen gathering. Mr. Lupear is 
a prominent leader among his people for 
the union of Roumanian beneficial socie- 
ties. He is one of the leaders active in 
marshalling the forces of Roumanians in 
America to aid in the prosecution of the 
present war for democracy. 

At Chicago October 23, 1914, Mr. Lu- 
pear married Miss Ellen Hanes, of In- 
dianapolis. Mrs. Lupear was bom at Vin- 
cennes, Indiana, and is a young woman of 
the highest attainments. She is m grad- 
uate of the Teachers College of Indiana- 
polis and was at one time a kindergarten 
teacher in the city schools, and then took 
up educational work in connection with 
the Foreigners' House at 617 Pearl Street 
She became prominent in settlement work 
in the foreign colony of Indianapolis, and 
her quiet and unostentatious manner and 
the vital service which she rendered 
among the Roumanians, Servians, and 
Hungarians brought her the title in that 
quarter of the city of "The Little Angel.*' 
Mr. and Mrs. Lupear have two little dau|^h- 
ters, Elana Marie and Jannette Frosma 
Lupear. 

Mr. Lupear is a member of the Masonie 
Order having joined Oriental Lodge, No. 
500, Free and Accepted Masons, Oriental 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, Indianapolis 
Council Royal and Select Masons, and Ra- 
per Commander>' Xo. 1, Knights Templar 
and also member of Murat Temple Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

I^Ewis Meier. Indianapolis has known 
two men by the name I-,ewis Meier, father 
and son. and both of them have contrib- 
uted in notable measure to the business 
upbuilding of the city. 

The s<*nior I^wis Meier was one of the 
pioneer manufacturers of garments in In- 
dianapolis. During the Civil war he was 
in the dry goods business with William 
Ruschman. His store was located just 
north of where the Thomburg drug store 
now is. About thirty-two years agOt Mr. 
Meier began the manufacture of overalls 
and various other garments, and gradually 
built up a bosinesB and extended the plant 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1729 



until its preiient succoiKor is one of the 
large institutions of the city, located at 
CVntral ami Fort Wayne avenue. The 
prcKluets of this plant now go all over the 
world. Its most familiar output is the 
Auto brand of overalls. 

Lewis Meier, 8r., was bom in Germany 
in IMl and died in February, 1901. He 
came to Indianapolis when a youth of 
eighteen and his first work here was in 
the shipping room of Schnull & Company. 
At the same time he attended night school 
in order to perfect his knowledge of Eng- 
lish. He is remembered as a ver>* strong 
and resourceful man, one who was, never- 
theless, slow to anger, but when thoroughly 
aroused was a match for several men of 
ordinary- size. During Civil war times 
there were many tough characters who 
threatened peace and order. Mr. Meier 
had considerable money about his prem- 
ises, concealed there rather than entrust it 
to the hanks, which were not so reliable in 
those days as now. Some drunken pests 
attempted to break into the store, and Mr. 
Meier met them on their own ground and 
after a brief but severe conflict routed the 
entire lot. His business character was 
that of a sturdy, honest and upright m^n, 
who had no great desire for wealth or its 
accumulation, valuing money merely for 
the benefit it would bring his family. 

He married Caroline Finke, who was 
born in Germany and came with her par- 
ents to America, first locating at Musca- 
tine. Iowa. She dieil in September, 1916, 
at the age of sixty-seven. She was a mem- 
b«»r of the Zion Evangelical Church. Lewis 
Meier, Sr., was affiliated with the Maen- 
nerchor, the Turn Verein and other Ger- 
man .societies. He and his wife had four 
children, I^ewis, Charlotte, Elsie and Anna. 

I^wis Meier. Jr.. has been conspicuous 
in Indianapolis business affairs as a meat 
packer. Some years ago he organized the 
Meier Packing Company, of which he ia 
the active manager. This plant was for- 
merlv conducted as the Reiflfel Packing 
and Provision Company. It has become the 
instrument of a large and extensive busi- 
ness, and its pnxlucts are sold all over 
Indiana[>olis and surrounding territory. 
He is active in the Board of Trade. Mr. 
Meier is a meml)er of Oriental Iiodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Indianapolis, 
and the Scottish Rite bodies. 



Henby Zwick. Some of the finest char- 
acters in American life are often hidden 
and fail to receive the attention and the 
tributes which they deserve because they 
never sought nor attained to the honors 
of politics and those positions which are 
popularly considered the distinctions of 
life. One of these unassuming men whose 
work neverthel^s contributed to the well 
I>eing of humanity and whose worth is 
appreciated by his many friends as well 
as by his family and descendants, was the 
late Henry Zwick of Indianapolis, who died 
in that citv April 7, 1916. 

He was born I)e<eml»er 23, 1836, in West- 
phalia, Ctermany. and had lived to be al- 
most fourscore. He was one of the five 
children of Henry and Carlotta (Myer) 
Zwick. His mother died in Germany about 
the time he had completed his education 
in the common schools. Then in 1851 
Henry Zwick, Sr., emigrated alone to the 
I'nited States, and locating at Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, established himself in his trade 
a.s a tailor. In those years it was custom- 
ary for a tailor to go from house to house 
cutting and fitting gannents for his patrons 
instead of having h shop at which his cus- 
tomers sought him. After thus getting 
established in business his two sons, in- 
cluding Henr>*, joined him in 1852. 

The late Henry Zwick rapidly took up 
American ways and proved himself reliant 
ami sturdv, and l^ecamc skilled and well 
versed in the carpenter's trade. Before 
reaching his majority he came to Indian- 
apolis, and many houses and bams still 
in use in this city were erected by him. 

When the Civil war came on he displayed 
his patriotism by offering his ser\'ices to 
the government, and on June 22, 1861, was 
enrolled in the Bracken Rangers, a cavalry 
organization. He was in the army three 
years. He was in the early West Virginia 
campaigns, participating in the battles of 
Beverly. Blue Ridge and Cheat Mountain. 
I/ater he was capture<l and spent five 
months in Libby Prison at Richmond. At 
the end of his military career after receiv- 
ing his honorable discharge he participated 
in the Grand Review at Washington. 

After the Civil war Henry Zwick came 
to Indianapolis and for thirty-five conse- 
cutive years was employed as a carpenter 
by the Pennsylvania Railway Company. 
These long continued aenrioes finally re- 



1730 



INDIANA AND LVDIAXANS 



eeived reco^itiou and he was granted a 
life penfiion and given an honorable retire- 
ment. 

Thus Henry Zwick attained no distinc- 
tion in letters or politics, and yet in the 
everyday sphere of life he was a part of 
all that stood for good citizenship, as meas- 
ured by skillful performance of duty and 
the l>earing of all obligations imposed upon 
him. He lived unostentatiously, and when 
his day^s work w&s done he found his 
greatest happiness in the quietude of his 
home surrounded bv those who knew and 
loved him best. His rounsc^l and advice 
are clicrisluMl in the hearts of his descend- 
ants. 

He married Caroline Vogt, and they lie- 
came parents of Hvc children : Henry F., 
Charles F., Fred ('.. Caroline, now Mrs. 
Luther W. Van<»ey, an<l Kmma. All are 
living except Kinnia who died at the age 
of five vears. 

Charhs F. Zwick. son of the late Henry 
Zwick. is <me of Indianapolis* prominent 
manufacturers, and. in fact, as head of 
the Indianapolis (Jlove Company is direct- 
ing one of the important industries of the 
middle west. 

He was lM)rn at Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
Febniary 7. 1869, but from early child- 
hooil has lived in Indianapoli.s. He was 
educated here in the local Si*hools and 
learned the machinist's trade with Nor- 
dyke & Marmon. and subse^iuently was 
employed by C. F. Smith, a pioneer manu- 
facturer of ** Safety'* bicycles. For eight 
years he was also in the employ of the 
rnite<l States Playing Card Company, at 
first at Indianapolis and later at Cincin- 
nati. 

For al)out a year Mr. Zwick conducted 
a hat store in Indianapolis, and then, as- 
.sociated with Hro4lehurst Elsev and M. E. 
Reagan, he founded the Indiana]>olis Glove 
Company. For a year or so the industry 
was not sufficient to attract much atten- 
tion and it was one of the smallest con- 
t^^ruH of its kind. However, it had within 
it the possibilities of growth and it did 
prow under the efficient dire<'tion of Mr. 
Zwick and his associates until it is to<lav 
one of the largest comraen*ial establish- 
ments of Indianapolis. In 1907 a branch 
factory was e«tablisheil at Eaton. Ohio, one 
at Zanesville. Ohio, in 1912, and in 1914 
another branch was opened at Riehmond, 
Indiana. Today the corporation in these 



various cities furnishes employment to 
about a thousand individuals. Charles F. 
Zwick is president of the company, M. E. 
Reagan is vice president, and Brodehurst 
Elsey is secretary' and treasurer. 

Mr. Zwick is a thirty -second degree Scot- 
tish Rite Mason and Mystic Shriner, and 
is a member of the Rotary Club and the 
Hoosier Motor Club. He also belongs to 
the Athenaeum and the Indianapolis Cham- 
ber of Commerce. Mr. Zw*ick has been 
especially fortunate in his life companion. 
Her maiden name name was Corinne Free- 
man, and they were married in 1896. 

Edmi'nd Robert Sth^bon is a lawyer by 
profession, but left a successful practice 
in Ohio a number of years ago to engage 
in a special line of manufacturing, making 
costumes and other paraphernalia used in 
fraternal organizations. A few years ago 
Mr. Stilson moved the business to Ander- 
son. Indiana, and is now president of the 
Ward-Stilson Company, probably the larg- 
est concern of its kind in the state of In- 
diana. 

Mr. Stilson was bom in Ruggles, Ash- 
land County, Ohio, October 5, 1866, son 
of.Frcilerick II. and Anna (Potter) Stil- 
son. He is of English and Scotch ancestrv', 
and the first of his family located in Con- 
necticut many generations ago. Mr. Stil- 
son while a boy lived on a fann and at- 
tended district schools, and afterward 
graduatcil from the high school of New 
London, Ohio. At the age of eight^^n he 
went to work to earn his living and fol- 
lowed different occupations, for two terms 
teaching school in Ruggles Township. Dur- 
ing the summer he worked at waflres of 
seventy-five cents a day in a butter tub 
factory, and walked night and morning 
two and three «|uarters of a mile l)etween 
his home and the factory. 

For two years he diligently applieil him- 
self to the study of law in the offices of 
Dirlew & Leyman at Mansfield. Ohio, and 
was admitted to practice in 1890. During 
the next five years he built up a good 
business as a lawyer at New London. The 
cause of his leaving the legal profeasion 
was an opportunity which he and hi« 
brother-in-law, C. E. Ward, accepted at 
New I..ondon to buy a previously estab- 
lished regalia business. They aequired this 
in 1895, and continued it under the name 
Ward & Stilson. At that time they mann- 



/ 




^^^iU(Ajty«^/^^a^A 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1731 



fac'turetl robes, collam and other re^ralia 
UHoti by the Junior Order of Tnited Amer- 
ican Me(*hani(*8. In llKifi Mr. StilNon ac- 
(|uired the other interest of the business at 
New Ix)ndon and ineoq)orated as the Ward- 
Stilson Company, with himst*lf as pres- 
ident. lUisincMs was rondurtetl with a satin- 
fyinp dejm*e of prosperity at New liondon 
until 1913. whi-n it wa.s movetl to Ander- 
son. 

Here the industry has assumed inu<'h 
wiiler proportions and is a ptMieral rostume 
re^Iiu and uniform matnifa(*turin^ estab- 
lishment, employing' 2r><) work people and 
now handlin^r some larpre and im|>ortant 
eoiitracts from the jrovernmeiit for uni- 
forms. The company still puts out a larjre 
line of regular and eostumr work in the 
line of n^iralia, paraphernalia and costumes 
for sei'ret societies and ceremonial pur- 
poses. Three or four buildin^r^ are w- 
cupie<l by the various branehes of the busi- 
ness at Anderson. 

In 1893 Mr. Stilsou marrie<l Ilose (\ 
Ward, daujrhter of Jacob Ward of New 
Ix>nd(m. Ohio. She died in lJH)r> leaving? 
one child. Ward K. Stilson, who was Imrn 
in 1896. In 19()7 Mr. Stilson married 
Victoria Sackett, daufrhter of Justice H. 
and Irene (Beach) Sackett, of New Lon- 
don. Mr. Stilson is a republican in polities. 

Frankun R. (\\r.s<)n, present mayor of 
South Hend, is one of the veteran meml)ers 
of the dental profession, and has l>een an 
interesteil student and practitioner of his 
callinfT for thirty-five years. 

He was I)oni at Kewanee, Henry County, 
Illinois, in 1861. son of Iluph O. and Emily 
(Doty) (^arwrn. His father was one of 
the very sueet*ssful citizens of central Illi- 
nois, a farmer and st<H»k raiwr and also 
a banker. He die<l at Kewanee at the affe 
of eiprhty-five and his wife at eijfhty. 

Franklin R. Carson, one of their seven 
children, attended the publie S4*hools of 
Kewanee and in 1884 took his dejrree from 
the dental S4»hool of the University of Mieh- 
iaran. For a short time he practiced at 
Shenantioah, Iowa, one year in Kewanee 
auil then joinetl the ranks of his profession 
in liaPorte, In<iiana. In 1898 Doctor Car- 
son move<l to South Bend, and for the 
past twenty years has had a busy practice 
in that eitv. 

So far as pnifefMional responsibilities 
would permit he has alwa>ni been interested 



in eity affairs. While in LaPorte he served 
four years as mayor, and he was elected 
mayor of South Bend for the term of four 
years beginniufr January 1. 1918. Sinee 
collejfe days he has been interested in ath- 
letics. For ten years he was a member of 
the National Board of Arbitration, a mera- 
lK»r of the South Bend Chaml)er of Com- 
merce, of the Kiwanis Club, of the South 
liend Country Club and is a meml)er of 
the Masonic fraternitv. 

In 1882 I)(M'tor Camon married Carrie 
Belle Hoj^crs. a native of LaPorte and a 
dau^'hter of Joshua R. and Louisa A. Rof?- 
ers. The only win of I)<M*tor Carson is 
Ca|»t. Clark R. Cars<in. who was captain 
of Battery A in the One Ilundreil and 
Tliirty-S<'veiith Field Artillery in the 
World War. Since leaviup the army he 
has been enframed in the dental supplies 
busin4»s?;. 

Jamf-s H. Twlor. M. I). For nearly 
forty yeai-s a resident physician and sur- 
geon at Indianapolis, Doctor Taylor's posi- 
tion as a citizen of the state rests upon a 
lonj^ and succtNsful professional eareer and 
also throujrh notafde humanitarian serv- 
ices rendered partly through his profes- 
sion and partly as a citizen and well wisher 
of mankind. It is in<licative of the gen- 
eral esteem that he enjoys in his home eity 
that he is now servinj^ as president of the 
liulianapolis Board of Trade, an office to 
which he was chosen at the la.st annual 
election. 

I)<H*tor Taylor has l)een identified as a 
founder of and one of the most constant 
workers in the noted summer missions for 
sick children. His prominence in that 
work makt^ this an appnipriate place in 
which to consider the hi.story of the mis- 
sion and its work, than which nothing is 
more worthy of a place in this publication. 

The Indianapolis Summer Mi.Hsion for 
Sick Chihlren, of which Doctor Tavlor is 
now president. l)egan its work in 1890. 
For over a quarter of a centur>' this mis- 
sion has fulfilled its purpose of affording 
an ideal summer home and proper care 
and environment for sick babies, and also 
has been conducte<l as a .sort of intensive 
training school for mothers, who have fre- 
quently nee<Ie<I care as much as their 
babies. This mission was one of the first 
to put into concrete practice the fact long 
known to the medical profession of the 



1732 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



clow relationship and mutual dependence 
between the welfare of the mother and 
he^ child. Thim besides furnishing fresh 
air, sunshine, careful nursing, regulated 
diet for the infant, the mission has fur- 
nished similar facilities to the mother, and 
has inMructed her in methods of how to 
care for her baby, and this instruction of 
itself has douMless borne a continually 
accumulating fruit in the better educa- 
tion of mothcni as to their responsibilities. 
The tirMt KUggestion as to such an insti- 
tution as the KumnKT Mission is said to 
have been given by John H. Uolliday in 
an editorial lie wrote for the Indianapolis 
News, of whii'h he was then editor. It 
was a Nuggestion originating from his own 
experience in wat-'hing hin wick child toss 
about in illness in his own comfortable 
and liberally i>roviile<l home, a condition 
which 1'iintra.stod in his fertile mind with 
what he knew sick babies must be suflfer- 
iitg in the n'stricted environment of poorer 
distrii-ts. The editorial was put to good 
use and served as an inspiration to Rev. 
Oscar ('. Mc<'nllogh. then pastor of Ply- 
mouth Church and president of the Char- 
it\" Organization Society. After confer- 
ring with Mr. IIolliday'Rev. Mr. McCul- 
logh brought alKiut an organization, and 
a cominilltv was appointed to make inves- 
tigation and report. In an address which 
he iiiaile some time ago before a charitable 
organization of Indianapolis. Doctor Tay- 
lor dcsi-rilwil what this committee did and 
how the first summer mission was opened 
on July 14. 1«90: ■Twenty-five years ago 
in company with the Rev. Oscar C. Slc- 
('ul1f><rli I made my first visit to this place 
now known as the Summer Mission. It 
was filh'd with tall gra.ss. weeds, rocks, 
limlis from ile:i<l trees, ilcad leaves, all of 
which remin<led one of the wild and wooly 
west. We were in search of a summer 
honi.' fi.r the chihi of the tenement. 'This 
is iileal." said Dr. Mct'ullogh 'and I 
wish it were [«»isible to lesve these dead 
limbs, their snapping noise undir our feet 
is a simg of nature' Our reeommenda- 
tion of this site was appnivwi and for a 
cinartiT of a ci-nlurj- the Summer Mission 
has sheltereil and eare<i for thousaufls of 
nick babies an<) tirtnl an<l worn out moth- 
ers. The fresh air, the restful environ- 
ment among the trees, the well selected 
diet, th<> tender care of a trained nurfie, 
the daily medical obaervation, the whole- 



some advice, sympathetic aid and ma- 
ternal influence so carefully bestowed by 
the visiting committees — all combined — 
have made thousands comfortable and 
happy and have saved the lives of many." 

The first season of its work proved so 
beneficial that it was decided to continue 
the camp through succeeding summers. 
Mr. McCullogh died a few years later and 
then Charles S. Grout, secretary of the 
Charity Organization Society, oonceived 
the plan of erecting permanent buildings 
on the grounds. The first building waa 
erected during the summer foUowii^ the 
founder's death and was named "The Mc- 
Cullogh Cottage" in his memory. Other 
permanent buildings sprang up, some 
built by clubs and societies and scnne 
erected as memorials to departed loved 
ones. ' A generous bequest by A. Burdsal 
made possible the erection of a modem dia* 
penBar>-. Thomas H. Spann erected a day 
nurserj- in memory of hia little grand- 
daughter. 

The work of the Mission is dependent 
upon the generosity of the citizens of In- 
dianapolis, hut there has never been a year 
when its friends have failed to resp<md 
loyally to its needs and keep the work go- 
ing. Even the panic of 1907-08 proved 
a real boon to the Summer Mission. Work 
was needed for hundreds of unemployed 
men. many of whom were mechanics, and 
emplo>-ment was given in making conereta 
blocks and building Mission homes. The 
large dining room, laundry, bath house, 
and a number of other buildings are mon- 
uments to the unemployed of that winter. 

Dr. .Tames H. Taylor comes of an old 
and patriotic American family. His great- 
grandfather. Co). David Taylor, com- 
manded a regiment in the war of the Rev- 
olution and was a personal friend of Gen- 
eral Wa.shington. Doctor Taylor's father 
was .Tames Taylor, who was bom in Jef- 
fcrs4)n County. Kenluckj-, January 14, 
1S22. and at the age of nineteen accom- 
panietl his parents to Washington Count^i 
Indiana, where as he grew up on a &rin 
he learned the carpenter's trade. At tha 
age of twenty-one he located at Salem, In- 
diana, and subse<|uently became managw 
of a dr>- goods store of BryantTille fal 
I^wrence County. There he marriad, !>>• 
cemWr 30. \M9. Miss Susan Mahala WO- 
liamson. She was a ive of ] 
daughter of Tucker 



of TndiMit, 

I WilliaBMoa^^^H 



INDIANA AND INDIAXANS 



1733 



and Mra. (Martin) Williamran. The Ut- 
ter WBH a Kranddaughter of one of the 
Rarh of Warwick. Kngland, one of the 
moHt celehratpd lineH of nobility in Great 
Britnin. A brother of James Taylor, 
WftMhington Taylor, was a surgeon in the 
Confederate army during the war between 
the alatea, and practiced his profession in 
the South for forty years. 

In 1851 James Taylor and wife removed 
to Oreeneastle, Indiana, where he contin- 
ueil in busineiw as a dry goods merchant 
until 1885. and remained in that city re- 
tired the rent of his years. He and his 
wife were active in the Methodist Epiaon- 
pal Church and were liberal oontributnra 
to church and charity and also to the sup- 
port of Asbury. now DePauw, rnivcrsity. 

Dr. James Henry Taylor was horn at 
Oreeiicastle November l.'>. 1852. lie was 
e^lucated in the public sehoolx. under pri- 
vate tutors, and for a year in the Ohio 
We«leyan I'niversity at Delaware. He 
graduated A. B. from DePauw Tniversity 
and in 1881 received the degree Master of 
Arts from that institution. Beginning the 
titudy of medicine un<Ier Doctors Ellis and 
Smythe at Oret-n castle, he finished his 
conrNe in 1878 at the Indiana Medical Col- 
lege at ln<li»napiilis and at onee .l>egnn 
liractiee iit the i-apitsl city. The Indiana 
Medi.al College is now the Indiana Uni- 
vervity School of Slediciae. 

Always enjoying a large private practice. 
DcK'tor Taylor haN at the same lime l>een 
one of the most devoted workers in behalf 
of medical organizations and as a medical 
teacher. Many capable medical men re- 
member him kindly for his active connec- 
tions with the MetJical College of Indiana. 
He served an demonstrator of anatomy 
from 1884 to 1889. was eleete<l to the chair 
of dist-ases of children in 1889. and that 
poMitinn he now holds in the Indiana Uni- 
vemiiy School of Medicine. He was as- 
sistant demonstrator of anatomy in the 
Medi.-nl College of Indiana from 1880 to 
1884. lie has presided over many disjien- 
sary and hospital elinicA and is active 
in the Indiana Medical Society, and the 
Indiana and American Medical a-ssocia- 
lions. In 1880. the year the office was 
created, he was appointed medical exam- 
iner in chief of Endowment Rank, Knights 
of Pylhiaa of the World. He is also « 
tbirty-aecond decree Scottiab Rite Mason, 



and is a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Indianapolis. 

During 188S-69 Doctor Taylor was a 
member of the Board of Aldermen of In- 
dianapolis, and is a member of the National 
Council of the National Chamber of Com- 
merce of the I'nited States of America, 
representing the Indianapolis Board of 
Trade. He was one of the organizers and 
president of the Arsonal Building and 
Loan Association — a million dollar con- 
cern. While not a veteran himself, Doc- 
tor Taylor has alwa>-H had a warm spot in 
his heart for the old soldiers of the Civil 
war, and on numberle»w occasions has sac- 
rificed his personal interests for their wel- 
fare and in order to pre»ierve the memory 
of their dee<ls and hardships. During the 
(ireat World War Doctor Taylor was ap- 
pointed meilical examiner for Trial Board 
for Division 4, and examined nearly 1,000 
conseriptK. 

Doctor Tavlor married September 13, 
1880, Miss Leiia E. Kern. Her father, the 
late David 0. Kern, was for many years in 
the drug business at Milton, Wajiie 
County, Indiana. The two children of 
Doctor and Mrs. Taylor are Margaret Ann 
and John Moore, the former a teacher, 
who resigned her position in the profes- 
sion at Tutor Hall to accept the office of 
manager of Jiiriibl.- hni at 13 West 39(h 
Street. New York City. This is a war re- 
lief for stage women. She has done much 
ill a philanthri)pic way and is very patriotic. 
The son is a student of medicine. 

H.\BVEY W.\siiiN(iTON Wn.EY. the cele- 
brated chemist, is identitie<I with Indiana 
through ties of birth and early associationa, 
and the work which he has so splendidly 
carrie<l forward was begun in the State of 
Indiana He was born at Kent. Indiana. 
October 18. 1844. a son of Preston P. and 
Lucinda Weir (Maxwell) Wiley. In 1867 
he received the degree A. B. from Hano- 
ver. Indiana. College, and that of A, M. 
in 1870, received his M. D. degree from 
the Indiana Medical College in 1871, B. S. 
from Harvard in 1873, also the honorary 
Ph. D. from Hanover, 1876, LL. D. in 
1898. Lli. D. from the Tniversity of Ver- 
mont, 1911, D. SC. Lafayette, 1912. 

Doctor Wiley since entering upon the 
active work of his profession has won re- 
□own M a chemist in both America and 




1734 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Europe. His name is also prominent be- 
fore the public as an author. 

Fklix T. McWhirtkr. Ph. I). (Written 
by Susan XleWhirter Ostrom.) Dr. Fe- 
lix T. Mc*Whirt«'r, of Indianapolis, gave 
his best efforts to the national prohibition 
movement. The breadth of his vision con- 
cerning the needs of humanity, especially 
as affc(*ted by the liquor traffic, led him 
early to espouse the then very unpopular 
pmhibition [)arty. of which he was a lead- 
ing figure and staunch supporter until 
death. lie bore the ridicule, ostracism, 
and even in a few instances the insulting 
remarks from the pulpit which were ofca- 
sionetl by his prohibition [»rinciplcs with 
the same fortitude and patience and faith 
in victory of the rausc whicli his ancestors 
had manifested in the various perse4»utions 
which they had suffered for the cause of 
religious freedom and for the cause of 
aboliticm of slavery. 

Felix T. .McWhorter was Inini at Lynch- 
burg, Tciin«»sscc, July 17, lH,^:i, and died 
at his home in Indianapolis June 5, 1915, 
at the age of sixty-two. He was a son of 
Dr. Samuel 11. and Nancy C. (Tyree) Mc- 
Whirter. He received his early education 
fnmi his imither wlio tutored him until he 
was ready to enter the academy. He re- 
eeived liis A. H. degrw from the East Ten- 
nessee Wesleyan I'niversity (now Grant 
Memorial in' lS7:i and in 1876 took his 
Master's degn^». From 1872-76 he was 
editor of the ** Athens News" and from 
1S77-7S he was mayor of Athens. Tennes- 
see. In the year 1SS.V86 he t(K)k his post- 
gratluate work in .I<»hns Hopkins I'niver- 
sity. an<l after su!»sefpient work in De- 
Pauw rniv«'rsity be r(M*eived his degree of 
l)t»i'tnr of l*hib»sophy from the latter in- 
stitution. Fnmi 1.^86-87 he was instruc- 
tor in rbttoric and English literature in 
I>ePauw Tniversity and from 1887-88 he 
was assoeiate proft^ssor of English litera- 
tun». Kesigning fnun the faculty of De- 
Pauw Tniversity. l)<M'tor MeWhirter moved 
to riiattan<M»ga. Tennessee, where he be- 
came the owner an<i tnlitor of the **rhatta- 
n«>oga Adv<M-nte/' whieh pai>er is now 
owiiihI and wlited by the Metbo4list Epis- 
copal rhureh. I*ater, having sold the 
paf»er. he mov«**l to Indiana|H>lis, Indiana, 
to iH'gin w<»rk in mercantile lines in eon- 
ne<*tit»n with a large wholesale house. 
I^tcr he establishes! his own business in 



1901 in Indianapolis real estate and related 
lines. As a real estate man he was well 
known and he became an expert in ap- 
praising property. He was largely re- 
sponsil)le for the selection of the site of the 
Robert W. Ix>ng Hospital. His financial 
success in real estate was sufficient to war- 
rant his foumling the Peoples State Bank 
in Indianapolis in 1900. Of this institu- 
tion, which is the oldest state bank in 
Marion County, he was the first and only 
president until his death, when his son 
Felix M. MeWhirter succeeded him as 
pn^sident. He was also the first treasurer 
of the Ostrom Realty Company, which office 
he held at the time of his death. 

Dr. MeWhirter assisted in founding the 
Children's Home Finding Society of In- 
diana and was vice president of the organ- 
ization. He was a consistent and faithful 
attendant of Central Avenue Methodist 
Episeopal Church; a meml>er of the In- 
diana|>oIis Chaml)er of Commerce; a mem- 
Ijer of the DePauw chapter of Delta Kappa 
Epsilon fraternity ; and he was also a Ma- 
son. Hut it was in the temperance move- 
ment and in the pn)hibition party that 
Felix T. MeWhirter achieved a national 
reputation. He serve<l the party as In- 
diana state chairman from 1892-98. At 
the noted Pittsburg National Prohibition 
Convention in 1896 out of four hundred 
representative men he was one of the 
twelve M»lecte<l to debate the **Silver Is- 
sue.** He t(N>k the negative and spoke 
with power. For sixt<»en years he was a 
member of the national committee of tKe 
pn)hibition party, serving most of the time 
as national tn*asurer. In 1904, as candi- 
<late for governor of Indiana on the pro- 
hibition tieket, he with others campaigned 
the state, speaking in every town of any 
size in Indiana, with the result that his 
party's vote was trebled. 

Mr. MeWhirter s ability as an anal>ii- 
cal thinker and a forceful public speaker 
gained for his utterances wide publicity. 
With his eommand of the Enirlish lan- 
gu.'tge. his ke<'n insight into political af- 
fairs, his own unassailable integrity, hia 
distinguished bearing, he was both elo- 
f|uent and convincing. He was one of the 
first Icailers in the prohibition movement 
to explain and to emphasize the economic 
Miile of the liquor question as oppoaed to 
the purely moral or sentimental side. Be- 
sides using his power as a public speaker 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1735 



and debater he wieldetl a big influence 
with his pen. writing many articles for 
the public prejis, periodicals and for leaf- 
lets published by various organizations. 
Among his old associates at the several 
universities with which he had been con- 
nected and among his more intimate 
friends he was regarded as an authority 
on literature and rhetoric, and was a mem- 
l>cr of a close literary coterie containing 
the most brilliant lights of Indiana liter- 
ary men and women. Heading was one 
of his chief delights, and he was author 
of several unpublishe<l ImhiIcs and com- 
mentaries on literarv subjects. Like manv 
students of literature, he knew the Bible. 
To the end of his life he maintained a 
deep interest in DePauw University and 
for ten years served as secretary of the 
boanl of trustees. He sent his four chil- 
dren, Luella, Ethel, Felix, and Susan, 
there to be educated. 

Of the business career of Felix T. Mc- 
Whirter much could l>e said of the many 
instances where he helped the young man 
to save his first dollar or to buv his first 
piet»e of property; or of the wido^-s whom 
he assisted in saving their homes or in 
making wise investments; of the business 
men he tided over stringent times by loan- 
ing them money. In writing of him his 
ass(K*iates say: **IIe measureil his every 
act by the rule of his own conscience, and 
having the highest of ideals and a fine 
sens** of honor his treatment of those who 
entrusted their affairs and earnings to his 
care were sure to profit to the highest de- 
gree. He was the embodiment of honor 
and integrity. To say of him that he was 
an ideal citizen in ever>' sense that the 
term implies is to attribute to him the 
hightNt compliment we can conceive." In 
public utterance Dr. John P. D. John paid 
this tribute to Felix T. McWhirter: ''With 
his vast ability as a scholar, a thinker, a 
public si>eaker, Imth in debate and formal 
oratitm, and his unquestioned power as a 
leailer, he could easily have swept into high 
positions in the political world if he had 
l>cen willing to stifle his convictions" (re- 
ferring to his prohibition convictions). 

Hv his marriage November 18, 1878, to 
Luella Frances Smith, Doctor McWhirter 
found a noble companion and a wise coun- 
sellor in all the activities and tastes which 
^tlorned his nseful career, for his wife has 
long been a prominent temperance worker^ 



serving for many years as president of 
the Indiana Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance Fnion and also as editor of The Mes- 
sage, the state official organ. She also is 
a gifted public speaker. She was presi- 
dent of the Indiana Federation of Clubs, 
1911-13, and at the same time a director 
of the Woman's Council of Indiana 
Women, of which she was the second pres- 
ident, serving during the 1917 le^slature 
which voted Indiana dr>-. Mrs. McWhir- 
ter is the founder of the Woman's Depart- 
ment Club of Indianapolis and a member 
of the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution and many others organizations. 
She is the director from Indiana on the 
l)OMrd of the (Jeiieral Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs. 

Lemtei. Ertis Si-ack. Just twenty 
years ago Lemuel Ertus Slack was qualified 
to practice in Indiana and essayed his first 
moilest efforts at earning a fee from his 
clients. Two decades have sufficed for the 
evolution and development of his charac- 
ter, abilities, influence and reputation, and 
there are none who would dispute the as- 
sertion that he is today one of the best 
<iualified lawyers in Indiana and one of 
the best known of its public men. Mr. 
Slack is now I'nited States district attor- 
ney for Indiana. 

He was iMirii on a farm in Johnson 
Comity, Indiana, October 8, 1874. He 
was one of five children. Ilis parents 
were Elisha O. and Nancy A. (Teeters) 
Slack. His father, a carpenter by trade, 
was in mmlerato circumstances and unable 
to give his children educational opportun- 
ities beyond those of the public schools. 
This was perhaps fortunate since the pres- 
ent district attorney had to devise means 
of his own to secure the higher education 
which he coveted, and the opportunities 
which he made stepping stones into the 
legal profession were largely of his own 
creation. As a boy he learned the black- 
smith's trade, and when he was not stand- 
ing by the anvil he was studying law. 
His surplus capital grew very slowly, but 
in 1896 he was able to enter the senior 
class of the Indiana Law School at Indian- 
apolis, and graduated LL. B. in 1897. 

Returning to Franklin, he opened his 
office and in a short time had a good clien- 
tage. Soon after his admission to the bar 
ha was appointed deputy prosecuting at- 



M 



1736 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



torney of Johnson County and eighteen 
months later became county attorney. He 
served Johnson County in that capacity 
for six years. In 1901 he was elected to 
the Lower House of the State Legislature, 
serving^ through the session of 1903, when 
he received the complimentary vote of his 
party for speaker. He was elected and 
served as a member of the State Senate 
in 1905 and 1907. While in the Legisla- 
ture Mr. Slack attracted wide attention be- 
cause of his progressiveness and became a 
leader of that element of his party in the 
state. His popularity and strength made 
him a formidable candidate in 1908 for the 
nomination for governor of Indiana, and 
he yielded that honor to Hon. Thomas R. 

Marshall bv onlv thirtv votes. In 1909 

• • • 

Mr. Slack extended his acquaintance among 
the people of the state, and attracted fur- 
ther favorable attention during his cam- 
paign for the oflRce of United States sen- 
ator. The successful candidate that year 
was the late B. F. Shively of South Bend. 

Even befon* he attaine<I his majority Mr. 
Slack showed an inclination ond a profi- 
ciency for politicks and public affairs. Thus 
the foundation of his public career was laid 
even before he was <}ualified for admis- 
sion to the bar. For a time he was a mem- 
ber of the board of control of the Central 
Insane Asylum. Since 1913 Mr. Slack h/« 
lived at Indianapolis, and in 1916 he was 
appointed I'nited States district attorney 
for the state. 

In religious l>elief he is a Christian Sei- 
entist. and is a democrat in all that iv\ 
implies. He has attained the thirty-sec*ond 
degree of Scott i.sh Rite in Masonry, also 
the order of Knights Templar in the York 
Rite, has served as Eminent Commander 
of Franklin Comniandery No. 23. Knights 
Templars, and is a nieml>er of the Mystic 
Shrine. He also l)elongs to the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows and Knights of 
Pythias. Oetcilver IH, 1S!>7. he married Miss 
Mary Shields, of (\)lumbus, Indiana. 

Their onlv child died in infancv. 

• » 

Hkrman Likhkk was born in the famous 
City of I)uessi»hlorf. Germany, Aug^ist 23, 
1S32, came to Indianapolis in 1S54, was a 
resident of the eitv over half a eenturv. 
and <lied March 22, 190S, while on a pleas- 
ure journey to (*alifoniia. 

In addition to building up a large and 
sutressful iiusinesK the activities and the 



influences which made Herman Lieber so 
greatly esteemed and beloved in Indian- 
apolis were concisely summarized by the 
Indianapolis News editorially at the time 
of his death in the following words: 
''While he never had any desire to serve 
the city or state in an official capacity 
he was long recognized as a force in this 
community in all that tended to build up 
and strengthen good citizenship. His 
ideals of civic righteousness were high but 
always practical, and he was ever ready 
to give his best efforts in any cause that 
appealed to him on the score of community 
interests. Though a quiet man, cool and 
collected in manner, he had deep sensibili- 
ties, and when these were stirml he was 
at his best. He delighted in a good fight 
When the sixty-cent gas movement began 
he was again at the front, and to no one 
man was the success of that movement due 
as much as to Herman Lieber. He was 
perhaps best known, especially among the 
German citizens of Indianapolis, by the 
name that had been lovingly given him by 
his associates, *the father of the Oerman 
House.* " His father was a manufacturer 
of bnishes in the City of Duesseldorf and 
also an honored citizen of that community. 
Herman Lieber was well educated, finish- 
ing in a typical Oerman 0\*mnasium or 
College. The events of the German revolu- 
tion of 1848 did not pass without making 
a strong impression upon his youthful 
mind, and it especially affected him be- 
cause of the prominence which America 
assumed soon afterward as a haven of 
refuge for so many thousands of the high 
class Germans who left their fatherland at 
that time. In 1853 Herman Lieber also 
came to America. He brought with him 
the knowletlge gained by a thorough ap- 
prenticeship at the trade of bookbinding. 
I'nable to find work in that line at New 
York City he answered an advertisement 
which took him to Cincinnati, and was 
there employed at $7 a week as bookbinder 
and maker of pocket books. It was a time 
of general business depression, and his 
earniniTK were so meager that he was finally 
obliged to acknowledge his necessities to 
his uncle. In response his uncle sent him 
$60(). With this capital he came to In- 
dianapolis in 11)54 for the purpose of set- 
tinir up in business for himself. 

Renting a small room 14 by 25 feet on 
the south side of Washington Street, just 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1737 



eaiit of Meridian, at $14 a month, he set 
up with a stock of stationer}', and also set 
aside one part of the room as a shop for 
the binding of books. 

He once dcs4>ril)ed his business start at 
Indiana|N)lis in the followinff words: **I 
spont jH^B of my capital in t(K)ls. Then I 
lM»u|rht some shelvinf^ and applied the bal- 
ance to purchasinff a sto<*k of stationery. 
Although I had liveti in rincinnati but a 
short time, 1 found I had more credit than 
money, and I purchased there a stock cost- 
lUfi alMmt $2,000, f^ivint; notes due in six 
months for the principal part of the pur- 
chaw* price. Two months before the notes 
came due I knew I could not pay them, 
and when thev matured I wrote to my 
eretlitors stating that I was unable to pay 
the notes but would return the jroods. 
They replie<i that they did not want the 
f^ootls Imt that I could have all the time I 
desireil to pay the notes. The receipts in 
my store were ver>' meafcer in the early 
days. If I had fnun $1.50 to *2 of pross 
receipts in the drawer at night I felt that 
I wasn't doing badly. My revenue was 
chiefly from the l)ook binding branch of my 
business. I slept in my store and took 
my meals at a boarding house kept by Mrs. 
Walk, mother of Julius Walk. The board 
was excellent at ♦2.50 a week." 

With all his trials and discourag(*ments 
Mr. Liel>er stuck to his business. After a 
time he intnKiuced a sto<*k of pictures, and 
was the pioneer in establishing an art busi- 
ness at Indianapolis when its iH)pulation 
was only 12,000. But from a financial 
standpoint he s<»oreil his first im|>ortant 
success when he began the manufacture of 
picture frames and moldings. This busi- 
ness, beginning in a small way, deveIo|>ed 
until it utilized a large plant, and the pic- 
ture frame factory together with the art 
store were incorporate<l in 1892 under the 
name the II. Liel>er Company. Mr. Liel>er 
continues! active head of the concern until 
his death, at which time the business was 
giving employment to 250 persons in the 
factory and store. It is said that this com- 
pany has sr>Id frames and moldings in 
every largie city in the Tniteil States, and 
also has handled a large ex|>ort trade to the 
principal Euro|>can countries. 

Though not a wealthy man at the time, 
Herman Lielnr was one of the most en- 
thusiastic in sup|>orting the cause of the 
Tnion during the Civil war and did all in 

Td. ir— IS 



his power to insure the success of the great 
task which the North had undertaken. He 
was a republican at the time of the or- 
ganization of the party in Indiana, and 
continue<i in its ranks until the nomina- 
tion of Cleveland. Later he became dis- 
satisfied with the democ*ratic party on the 
* plank of free silver, and thus in polities 
as in other things he showed a decided 
liberality of opinion and an independence 
f|uite free from narrow partisanship. Her- 
man Lielxsr was one of the founders of 
the nottNl (lerman-English School at In- 
dianapolis. He was a member of the 
N(»rth American <tvtnnastic Cnion. of 
which he wa.s pn^ident from 1900 until his 
death. In lsS2 he was president of the 
Anti-Prohibition LeagU4* of Indiana. It 
was in IHN!) that he started the movement 
which resulted in the iTcction of the Ger- 
man H(»use, and. as already noted, has 
l>een chieflv creditcil with the success of 
that Indianapolis institution and espe<*ially 
with the founding of its l>eautiful home. 
He was one of the original incorporators 
of the Crown Hill Cemetery, and helped 
promote the Consumers Gas Tnist Com- 
pany and later the Citizens Gas Company. 
In 1857. three years after coming to In- 
dianapolis, Mr. Lieber married Miss Mary 
Metzger. She was born at Freusburg, 
Germany. Her brothers, Alexander, 
Jacob and Enjfelbert Metzger, all l)ecame 
prominent citizens of Indianafmli.s. Her- 
man Liel>er and wife had four sons and 
two daughters: Otto R.. Carl II., Robert 
and Herman P.. all of whom became iden- 
tified with the II. Tiiel>er Company. The 
daughter Ida is the widow of Henry Kothe, 
and Anna married Theodore Stempfel, the 
Indianapolis banker. 

(>TTo R. LiEBKR, a son of the late Her- 
man LielM»r, has done much to typifv and 
represent in the mo<lern Indianapolis the 
spirit and the business ability which char- 
acterized his honored father. 

He was l>om in Indianapolis Octol>er 1. 
1861. was reanMl in this city, aui\ has al- 
ways made it his home. Most of his early 
education was acquired in th«» (Jerman- 
English School of Indianapolis. Before 
he was sixteen years old he was workine 
in his father's picture establishment, and 
nearlv ever>' vear brought him increased 
knowledge and new responsibilities in the 
business until at the death of his father he 



1738 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



was made his successor as president of the 
corporation, the H. Lieber Company being 
one of the most widely known of Indianap- 
olis industries. 

Mr. Lieber married in 1885 Miss Flora 
Pfaff, who dieil in 1901, leaving three chil- 
dren : Otto II. ; Marie Hilda, wife of Harry 
Howe Hentley; and Charlotte. In 1W5 
he marriwi a sister of his first wife, Ma- 
tilde Pfaff of Columbus, Ohio. They have 
one daughter. Flora Elizabeth. 

Mr. Lieber has long been recognized as 
one of Indiana*H stanchest citizens and is 
actively interested and a liberal contributor 
to all that tends to the betterment of his 
city, state and nation. He is a member of 
the Indianapolis Chamber of Commerce, 
Hoard of Trade and the Athenaeum. 

J()8Fn»n O. Hranni'm is president of the 
Brannum-Keene Luml)er Company, one of 
the largest finns of its kind doing business 
in the State of Indiana. Its plant is at 
3506 East Washington Street in Indian- 
apolis. 

Mr. Kraniuim has had a long experience 
in timl>er and luml)er manufacturing and 
luml)er dealing. He was bom in Wells 
County, Indiana, October 28, 1863, a son 
of Henry C. and Rebecca Brannum. 
The father died at the age of seventy-eight, 
and the mother is now eighty-four years of 
age. His father was a contractor an<I 
builder and for a number of years con- 
ducted a luml>er business at Montpelier, 
Indiana. (Jrandfathcr Hrannum probably 
built the first saw mill in Union County, 
Indiana, and anotlier one of the family 
connections was the first auditor of Union 
County. Joseph (i. Brannum 's brother, 
Willinin S. Brannum, is secretary of the 
Brannum-Ki^ne Luml)er Company and a 
resident of Chi<*ago. 

Frkokrk' Rich Hknsiiaw. I). I). S., 
Dean of the Indiana Dental College since 
1JM4 and a inemlicr of the Indiana State 
Council of Defeiis*^. is through his w<»rk 
as an edin-attir and his long service as a 
meml>er of the State lioard of Dental 
Examiners one of the liest knf»wn meml)ers 
of his profi»ssion in the state. 

D<K»tor Henshaw was lM)rn at Alexan- 
dria. Madison County. Indiana, Oetol^er 8, 
1872. a son of Seth B. antl Mar>' Jane 
fRich^ Ilenshaw. His parents were also 
natives of Indiana and represented the fine 



old Quaker stock that in such numbers 
was transplanted to Eastern Indiana from 
Oreensboro, North Carolina, in pioneer 
days. 

Doctor Henshaw was reared and edu- 
cateii at Alexandria and is also a graduate 
of the high school at Anderson, and during 
1889-91 was a student of the Central Nor- 
mal College at Danville, Indiana. He was 
a school teacher for several years, so that 
his experience as an educator is not con- 
fined to the dental profession. In Sep- 
tember, 1894, he entered the Indiana Den- 
tal College of Indianapolis, from which he 
graduated April 6, 1897. Doctor Henshaw 
had located at Middletown, Indiana, in 
1895, and an unusual professional success 
followed his labors there. In 1909 he re- 
moved to Indianapolis, and established his 
offices in the Pythian Building, where he is 
still located. 

As to his work and attainments as a 
dental practitioner it is best to allow a 
member of his own profession to speak. 
Dr. Otto U. King, of Huntington, presi- 
dent of the Indiana State Dental Society, 
wrote for the Quarterly Bulletin of that 
society upon the occasion of Doctor Hen- 
shawls election as Dean of the Dental Col- 
lege an appreciation from which the fol- 
lowing paragraphs are fitly quoted : 

**It is fitting and wise that the life long 
friend of IWtor Hunt should be selected 
by the trustees of the Indiana Dental Col- 
lege to serve as its Dean. The Indiana 
Dental College ranks among the- best dental 
colleges in the countrj'. The growth of 
this institution and its present efficiency is 
due largely to the incessant hard work of 
Doctor Hunt. Dr. Frederic R. Henshaw 
on July 18, 1914, was sele<*ted as Dean of 
the Indiana Dental College. He is the 
logical .successor to Dr. George E. Hunt 
and it is predicted by his friends in the 
dental profession that as Doctor Henshaw 
possesses all the ({ualifications necessary for 
this fxhiition to which he has been honored 
that the Indiana Dental College will not 
only maintain its high standard but will he 
a leader in all e<Iucational lines pertaining 
to tiM* advancement of the dental profes- 
sion. 

*'I)o(*tor Henshaw has been untiring in 
his efforts to raise the standard and effi- 
ciency of the dental profession ever since 
he l»egan his practice. He has been held 
in the highest esteem by the members of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1739 



the dental pn>feNsion as witnessed by the 
many honors liestowed upon him. He was 
selei'tetl in 1897 vice president of the 
Eastern Indiana Dental Society. In 1898 
he was elei*te<l secretary' of the Indiana 
State Dental Association, which position 
he held for two years. 

**IIc is probably better known in In- 
diana as a ineml)cr of the Hoard of Dental 
Kxaminers, having served on this board 
for thirteen years, ten years of which, 
11K)3-14, he has been its capable and effl- 
oicnt sei'retary. He was elei'ted vice presi- 
dent of the National Association of Dental 
Examiners in 1907. He was also elected 
president of the Indianapolis Dental So- 
fiety in 1912. He is a member of the 
Northern Indiana Dental Society, Eastern 
Indiana Dental Society, Indiana State Den- 
tal Society. National Dental A8so<*iation 
and a member of the National Asso<*iation 
of Dental Examiners. 

** Doctor Henshaw has contributetl a 
number of papers to our dental literature 
on a variety of subjects and always takes 
a leading part in the review and dis<*ussion 
of papers in our soiMcty meetings. Doc- 
tor Henshaw has not only the educational 
(fualifications to fill the position of dean- 
ship in the Indiana Dental College, but he 
also has the business capacity to maintain 
and increase the efficiency of the institu- 
tion. Every dentist in Indiana should feel 
proud of the promotion of Do<*tor Henshaw 
to this high |M>sition of honor in our state. 
He possesses the necessar>' initiative, en- 
thusiasm and tact to make a successful 
Dean." 

The profession generally throughout the 
state has come to realize that the prctlic- 
tions made by Doi'tor King concerning the 
new dean have been amly fulfilleil. Besides 
the responsibilities of that office he has 
conducte<l a ver>' busy practice of his own. 
It was a special honor when in July, 1918, 
Governor OcKxlrich apf>ointe<l him a mem- 
ber of the Indiana State Council of De- 
fense. In July. 1918. Doctor Hen.shaw, 
who ha<l servetl as special examiner for 
Indiana for the Surgeon General's ofRoe 
from the outbreak of the war, obtained 
leave of abficnce as Dean of the Dental 
College and accepted a commission as first 
lieutenant in the Dental Corps, United 
Stat<»s Army, and was assigned to duty in 
the atten<ling surgeon s office at Washing- 
ton, D. C, being promoted to the grade of 



major on September 9, 1918, 8er\'ing as 
such until January 1, 1919. While a resi- 
dent of Middletown Doctor Henahaw 
ser>'ed nine years as a member of ita school 
l)oard. He is a member of the John Her- 
ron Art Institute of Indianapolis, is a 
Delta Sigma Delta college fraternity man 
and a Knight Templar Mason. He ia a 
member of the Independent Tumverein 
and the Indiana Democratic Club of In- 
dianapolis. 

Septeml)er 1. 1897, Doctor Henshaw 
married Marj' Edith Strickler, of Middle- 
town. They have one son, Frederic R. 
Henshaw, Jr., of whom his parenta are 
very naturally proud. This young man 
was a student in the Virginia Military In- 
stitute at l>exington, **the West Point of 
the South," and was sent from there to the 
Officers Reserve Corps Training Camp at 
Plattsburg. After the course of training 
he returned to Indianapolis and in July, 
1918, was rei'alled to Plattsburg, where he 
seneii as instructor in the bayonet until 
September 16, 1918, when he was com- 
miasioneil second lieutenant of infantry 
and assigned as an instructor in the school 
of this line at the University of Georgia, 
There he ser\'ed until February, 1919, 
when he was discharge<l. He is now a stu- 
dent in Wabash College. Though only 
nineteen years old, he is six feet in height, 
and in brain and in character and high 
purp<»«e as well as in physical perfection 
is *>verv inch a .soldier.'' 

IIakkv W.\r>K. The exceptional business 
and finan(*ial abilities of Mr. Wade have 
been exerted chieflv in l>ehalf of the 

• 

Knights of Pythias Order. The memlier- 
ship of that order throughout the Western 
Hemisphere is familiar with the work and 
position of Mr. Wade as president of the 
Insurance Department of the Supreme 
Lodge. In that office he has his business 
headquarters at Indianapolis, where he has 
also had his home for a number of vears. 
He represents a pioneer family of Craw- 
fordsville, Indiana, where he was bom in 
1863. son of H. H. and Clara (McCune) 
Wade. The Indiana pioneer of the family 
was his grandfather. I. F. Wade. A na- 
tive of Virginia, I. F. Wade in early life 
moved to Middletown, Ohio, and from there 
in 1831 drove an ox team and wagon 
loaded with a printing press and outfit 
across the country to Crawfordsville, In- 



1740 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



diana. There he founded the Crawfords- 
ville Record, one of the few newspapers 
published in Indiana eighty-five years ago. 
lie was its editor and proprietor for a 
number of years, and some of the early 
files are still preserved and constitute prac- 
tically the only original sources of the 
early historj' of that part of the state. 

When Harry Wade was fourteen years 
old in 1877 his parents moved from Craw- 
fordsville to Lafayette, where his father 
and mother still reside. His father ser\'ed 
throughout tlie war with an Indiana regi- 
ment in the Tnion anny. Harry Wade at- 
tended school l)oth at (Vawfordsville and 
Lafayette. He was still under age when 
he went into Imsiness for himself at La- 
fayette. His first effort at men*handising 
was with a lHK)kstore, hut gradually he en- 
largtnl a small stock of jewelry until it be- 
came the d(miinating feature of his busi- 
ness, and was also one of the leading shops 
for that merchandise. Mr. Wade gave up 
the role of merchant to enter the life in- 
suran<*e business. Therein he found the 
field where his talents as salesman counted 
for most. He won a fiuick success. His 
prove<l abilities as an insurance man were 
called into requisition in 1898 in connec- 
tion with the insurance department of the 
Supreme Ijodge Knights of Pythias, the 
headquarters of which are at Indianap- 
olis. He had many of the responsibilities 
of the insurance department until 1903, 
when he was elected grand keeper of rec- 
ords ami seals for the Indiana Grand 
I^ge, and ser%'e<l faithfully in that ca- 
pacity until July. 1915. At that date he 
was chosen to his present oflBce as president 
of the insurance department of the Su- 
preme Ix>dge Knights of Pythias. His 
jurisdiction embraces all of the Tniteil 
States. Canada. Hawaii, Ala.ska, Cuba and 
the Philippines. There are few of the old 
line comi>anies that extend the lienefits of 
their organizaticm over a wider territory. 

Mr. Wade's official work has been dis- 
tinguishcil by more than routine perfor- 
mance. One of the achievements cre<lited 
to him is the building of the Indiana Py- 
thian Building, a nxMlern office building 
at Indiana|K>lis. He originated the idea 
for the building, presented the plan to the 
Grand IxMlg(\ and personally took upon 
himm^lf the res|>onsibility of selling the 
♦4r»().<K)() worth of Ixuids throughout In- 
diana, the proceeds of which were applied 



to the construction of the building. It 
was begun in 1905 and completed in 1907. 
It was one of the first modem office build- 
ings of the sky scraper type in Indianap- 
olis, and is an interesting and effective 
monument to the enterprise, ability and in- 
itiative of Mr. Wade. It is also recog- 
nzed as the finest Pythian building in the 
United States. Mr. Wade has rendered 
similar services to other cities in the state 
in the erection of local Pythian buildings. 
He married Miss Anna E. Pullenwider, 
of Lafayette. They have two sons, Fred- 
erick H. and IIarr>' I^ee. 

\ViLLiAM L. Sand.voe. The history of 
Indiana industry* contains many noted 
and honored names, and there is place 
alongside the greatest of them for the 
Sandage family. William L. Sandage, one 
of the prominent manufacturers and inven- 
tors of the state, undoubtedly inherits 
some of his ability at least from his father, 
the late Joshua Sandage, who though he 
never achieved the fame that is associated 
with many of the wagon and plow man- 
ufacturers, supplied much of the inventive 
genius and skill which has brought so much 
fame to several industrial centers of the 
Middle West. 

Joshua Sandage, now deceased, was bom 
in Indiana and from early youth conducted 
a countr>' blacksmith shop at his home in 
Perry County. Even while there he was 
a recognized mechanical and inventive 
genius. His invention largely took the 
direction of the making of plowv. During 
the war in his home county of Perry he 
organized and was first lieutenant of a 
company which he hoped to take into the 
regular 8er\'icc. With that company he 
joined the troops that drove the Confed- 
erate raider Morgan out of Indiana. How- 
ever, he was never assigned to regular 
duty, but with his company was stationed 
at Indianapolis and formed part of the 
Home (ffuards organization on duty at 
Tamp Morton. This organization served 
without pay. 

During the early 70s Joshua Sandage 
took his family to Moline, Illinois, and 
there became identified with the great 
plow manufacturing industry which hat 
made the names of Moline and Rock Is- 
land synonymous with plow manufacture. 
At that time plow making was in its in- 
fancy. Joshua Sandage was patentee of 




lXJ~^. ^Sfct^-e-<'<^<Cl^. 



(::i 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1741 



the riret ste<*l plow made at Moline. He 
alHo devisetl and wan the finit to use the 
piweK8 of the drop hammer for welding 
the plow. The patent oflSce also records 
him as tho patentee of the Sanda^e steel 
wa^on skein. On aecount of his suceess 
ami ingenuity in the plow industry he was 
ealled to Sfiuth Heml. Indiana, and a short 
time afterward organized what was known 
as the Sandage Brothers Manufacturing 
<'ompany. He spent the rest of his life in 
that city. His enthusiasm and ambit i(»n 
were eontented with the working out of 
processes that in his ease had their own re- 
wanl. and apparently he did not have the 
business ability to capitalize all the fruits 
of his genius. His widow is still living. 
A son of these parents, William L. San 
dage was l)orn in Perry County. Indiana. 
in 1866. He had the advantagi* of his 
father's companionship and dire<»tion in 
the mastery of mechanical trades, and was 
an eflSeient journeyman from early youth. 
His e<lucation was acquired in the s<*hools 
of Moline and South Bend. Mr. Sandage 
developed his ability along the spe<*ial 
line of die casting. In 1900 he came to 
Indianapolis, and that city has l>een his 

home for nearlv twentv vears. In 19iK*) 

• • • 

he ♦•stablished the die easting business that. 
l>eginning nn a sinall seale, has developed 
into the pres»»iit Mixlern Die and Tool 
<'om|»Miiy, the laryrest and most suceessful 
plant of its kind in the Middle West. 

The plant was a i>artie\ilarly valuable 
unit in Ainerira's historv beeausr of its 
chief prrxiuet. what is known as the bronze 
Iwek bearing, invented by .Mr. Sandage. 
and known I'oinnn^reially as the Virtor 
bearinir. With a normally larire activity 
and demand for this pro4lu<*t, the industry 
was forced to expand in every di'[>artni»*nt 
thnmirh the exactions of thf war. and it 
\ias a reeogni/ed war imlustry ami snp- 
plied the gtivernment under eontraet with 
large i|uantities 4if Vietor In'aring for mil- 
itary trueks. traetors. aeroplanes, automo- 
biles and other inaehinerv \ised for war 
pur|»os«»s. That the comitaiiy is not a biir 
mannfaeturing eorporation is due t<» tin* 
unwillinirnesN of Mr. Sandage to aeeept 
many t«ini»ting offers to uvt» his plant as 
the basis of an ♦•xteiisivr eorporatc stock- 
hiildiMi: (Miiirfrn. sinre he has prcfern':l to 
t>«iiifiMnf Ills indiviilnal ownership on the 
siiiM-t'xxfiil l.asjs whifli he establishe«I a 
number t»f vears air«» and which is a credit 



to his name. Mr. Sandage is now greatly 
assisted and relieved of many of the exact- 
ing details of the business by his son-in- 
law H. ('. Weist, a young business man of 
great capability who has brought both 
skill and enthusiasm into the business. 

In the Held of invention and other 
achievements to Mr. Sandage *s crwlit is 
the National Voting Machine. With the 
manufacture of this prmhict he is not now 
connected, however. His business for a 
number of years has been an imiM>rtant 
accessory of the great automobile indus- 
try- of America, and he is himself an en- 
thusiast on the subje(*t of autcmiobiles and 
understands practically every phase of 
aut(miobile manufacture and the business 
in g<*neral. The em[)loyment of automo- 
biles for pleasure purpose's has constituted 
perhaps his chief recreation. He was on? 
of the pionetT members of the Hoosier 
Automobile Club and similar organizations 
in various other cities and states. He be- 
longs to the Chamber of Commerce, and 
other Indianapolis civic organizations, in- 
cluding the Indianapolis Rotary Club. 

At South Bend Mr. Sandage married 
Miss Laura Kling<'l, daughter of Jacob 
Klingel. The Klingel family for over half 
a centurv have been identitii'd with the 

* 

show business in South Bend. Mr. and 
Mrs. Sandage have a daughter. Katharine, 
wife of Mr. II. C. Weist. and they have <me 
son. William II. Weist. 

In 1!»17 Mr. Sandag«» Innight a beauti- 
ful eouiitrv home known as Walnut Hill, 
on the Illinois State Road seven miles north 
of the erntiT of Indianapolis. There he 
and Mi-s. Sandagr and thfir daughter and 
her husband have ma^X happy and n»stful 
surnmndings ft>r their dom«*stie life. The 
residence is on an estate of several a«*ri*s. 
Tht' eliarin is <*nhan«'4*d by tht» beaut if\d 
tloral aiKl arboreal growth surroiniiling the 
rcsideiu'e, whirh is both eostly an<l eom- 
moilious. possessing every comfort and eon- 
venieiiee. and arrange*! with all that per- 
fect taste and g<KHl artistie profHirtions 
eould demand. 

Wii-MAM Templk HoRNAnw. whose work 
as a zoologist has bniught him renown, was 
lH)rn in I'laintield. Indiaim. DercmlHT 1, 
IKVI. He studicil Z(M»logy and mus«Milogy 
in lM»th the Cnited States ami Kurope. and 
his work' has taken him to all parts of the 
world. 



. i 



1742 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



Mr. Ilornaday married Josephine Cham- 
lierlain, of Battle Creek, Michigan. He 
maintains his offices in Zoological Park, 
New York. 

Daniel S. Oobi^, M. D. A physician 
and surgeon at KvanKville, where he has 
been in practice since 1906, Doctor Gohle 
is a man of high Ktan<ling in his profi»ssion, 
and the confidence of the public and his fel- 
low practitioners in bis ability is attested 
to bv the fai't that be is now serving as 
president of the Vanderburg County Metli- 
cal So<*iety. 

Doctor Ooble was Inirn in (Mark Town- 
ship of Perry County, Indiana. His an- 
cestors were pione<*rs in Perrv C<mntv. 
His great-grandfather was a native of 
Massachusetts and served in the Revolu- 
tionary war: later removing to North 
(*arolina. The grandfather Will (loble 
came to Indiana from North Caroliiut pos- 
siblv the stato of his birth. 

At that tinif Ohio was \hv only state 
iH»rth nf the Ohio River, and Indiana was 
a territory. Thrn* was no railroads and 
Will (tobl«» follt)wrd out' of the j»ioneer 
trails oV(T the Mhu* Ridge Mountains and 
acnws the* stites of Tennessee and Ken- 
tuckv to Indiana. He Io<*ated in what is 
now Clark Township of Perry County. 
This was tiM'ii a wihlrrness. filled with In- 
tlians who rlaiiiKMl it as their hunting 
irrouiid. He aiMpiired a tract of land an<l 
iN'gan th»' tremendous task of making a 
farm. He was in rv«Tv wav fitted for pio- 
neer lif«*, lM»inir of strong athletic build, a 
tireb'ss worker. y«*t wry fond of sports 
antl hufitinir. The Iiidi:ins fre^piently pit- 
tt*d tht'ir tli*«'trst runners against liim in 
foot nires. He and his wife spent their last 
v«»ars in Perrv Count v. 

• • • 

Daniel Oo!»le. father i»f Ihw'tor <i<»ble, 
was also Inirn in Clark Township and jjrew 
up amid j»iimeer seenes. He atteiid«'il rural 
sehools when it was the custom for the 
teacher to lM>artl aroinid in the families of 
the pupils. Reare<l (»ii a farm he iidierite<l 
laiiil. and liis (ftMid judirment an<i ability 
enab|t>d to build up t»iie of the ImM farms 
in Perry County. He diet! at the age of 
eit^hty-out* and was buried in the Lan- 
man eemeterv. on the farm where he had 
live 1 si nee his marriage. 

Daniel Ooble was marrietl to Louis«-i Lan- 
•itan. a native of Clark Township, daughter 
of 0««<irge Lanman and irrand-daughter 
of J(»hn I^nnian. John I^nman was one 



of the first settlers of that town.ship and 
owned one of the first horse mills operated 
for the public in Ferry County. Mrs. 
Ijtmisa Gohle died at the age of sixty years, 
the mother of the following ehifdren: 
George, John, Keith, Daniel S., Susan, 
Martha and Sarah. 

D(K*tor Gohle spent his youth in the en- 
vironment of his father 8 farm. He at- 
tended district schools, and finished his lit- 
erary education in the Central Normal 
(*ollege at Danville, Indiana. He began 
his life of usefulness as a teacher at the 
age of seventeen, and taught five terms "in 
Perry County. 

In the meantime he was diligently study- 
ing medicine under Doctor Lomax of Bris- 
tow, Indiana, ami subsequently entered the 
Kentucky School of Medicine at Louis- 
ville, where he graduated with the class 
of 1892. In 1907 he took a post-graduate 
course in the same instituticm. Doctor 
(f(»blc was in praetiee at Chrisney. Indiana, 
nntil he sought a larger and better field for 
his skill and experience and removed to 
Evansville in 1906. B<*side his official as- 
s(K*iation with the Vanderburg Medical 
Soi'iety. he is a nieml)er of the Indiana 
State and the Ohio Valley Medical Asso(*ia- 
tions and is for 1919 Vanderburg County's 
Health Commissioner. 

He is affiliated with Evansville I^ge, 
No. ()4. Free and Accepted Masons, and 
<>ri<»n Lodge Knights of Pythias. He and 
wife are active meml)ers of Olivet Presby- 
terian Church. 

He married in 1893 Oma R. Cooper, a 
native of Perry County. Her father, 
(iabriel Cooper, for many years was a 
prominent an<| successful teacher in that 
c<nnity. 

Doctor and Mrs. Gohle have two daugh- 
ters. namtMl Mildre<l and Marjorie. 

H. R. Porter, though one of the younger 
men in the industrial life of Indiana, has 
had experiences and connections which are 
imf>ortant items in industrial histor>% es- 
IMN'ially at Richmond. 

He is superintendent of the Simplex 
Maehine Tool Company's Richmond 
'»nineb. The head offices of the Simplex 
Machine Tool Company, one of the largest 
organizations of its kind in the Tnited 
States, are at Cleveland. It was in Pcb- 
niary, 1917, that the corporation acquired 
the Riehmond Adding and Listing Maehine 
Company, a plant well adapted for light 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1743 



manufartiirintr. It hsH fiinee been used for 
the manufacture of light tool machinery', 
especially 12-inch lathes, and umler pres- 
ent operating conditions it employs about 
200 jiersons. 

Mr. Porter was born at Springfield, Ohio, 
in (>ctol)er, 1887. son of James G. and 
I^ura (Moore) Porter. He attended gram- 
mar and high sch(M)ls at Springfield and in 
11K)1, at the age of fourteen, went to work 
with the Springfield Metallic Casket Com- 
pany, working two years to learn the ma- 
chinist's trade. lie spent another three 
years with the Kelly-Springfield Road Rol- 
ler Company, then was eniploye<i one year 
at Indianapolis by the Atlas Kngine Works 
as a machinist, and in 1^)7 came to Rich- 
mond and spent four years as machinist 
with Oaar, Scott & Company. For another 
four yenrs he was machine shop foreman 
of the Pilot Motor Car Company at Rich- 
mond, and another year as tool maker for 
the Teetor. Hartley Motor Company of 
Higerstown, Indiana. 

Mr. Porter had Im'cu a tool maker with 
the Adding and Listing Machiitc Com- 
pany of Richmond alnnit one year prior to 
its l)eing taken over by the Simplex Ma- 
chine T<K>1 Company. On April 15, 1917. 
under the new ownership, he was made 
foreman of the a.ssemhly <lepartmcnt, and 
since July IS. 1917, has been general su- 
perintendent of the entire plant, having 
csp«M*ially heavy res)>onsibiliti<^ during 
the rush of war work. 

Mr. Porter married April 15, 1913, Miss 
I.Ufile Polglase, daughter of Peter and 
Susan Paxson Polglase of Richmond. Mr. 
Porter is an in<lepen<lent in politics, is 
affiliatetl with Webb Ixnlge No. 24, Free 
and Ac<'epteil Masons, and the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and is a member of 
the First Lutheran Church. 

Thomxs Ralph Aistiv, M. D., LL. D., 
was bom in the parish of Hackney (origi- 
nallv Hackcnaye), Ix>ndon, England, June 
16, 1810. He was an uncle of Alfreil Aus- 
tin. Poet laureate of England. He grad- 
uated at Oxford, and in 1832 came to New 
York, where on May 2d of that year he mar- 
rie<l Miss Martha Haigh. He went back 
to England and graduate<l in medicine, 
and then returnc<l to America. He came 
West, and locate<l in Indiana, in Harrison 
County, where his wife die<l in 1841. On 
Noveml>or 17, 1H47. he married Miss Jane 
McCauley in Harrison County, Indiana. 



Mr. Austin entered the ministry of the 
Prot<*8tant Episcopal Church, and served 
at Jeflfersonville, Terre Haute and Vin- 
cennes, coming on Easter, 1872, to St. 
James C*hurch at the last named place — 
the historic building erected by Rev. B. B. 
Killikelly (see Sarah Killikelly). He 
was an enthusiastic Mason, and in May, 
1H61, was elected Grand Master of In- 
<liana. On July 29, 1861. he enlisted as 
surgeon in the TwentyThird Indiana Regi- 
ment. He was detached from the regiment 
in February, and appointed acting medical 
director, in which capacity he established 
the army hospitals at Paducah, Kentucky, 
an<l Holivar and Dunlap Springs, Ten- 
nessee. 

.Mr. Austin resumed the ministry after 
his military .service, and died at Vincennes 
February 5. 1884. highly honored in church 
and Ma.sonic circles. 

Mkn.jamin Fr.wklin Tri'ebi>x)D. Out- 
side of political life no native of Indiana 
has exercised so gre<at an influence on 
world conditions as Benjamin F. Tnie- 
blcHxl. He was a descendant of John True- 
blo<Hl, an Englishman, born in 1660, who 
married Agnes Fisher and emigrated to 
Carolina, where he died in 1692. His son 
Amos married Elizabeth Cartwright, a 
(Quakeress, who was <liKowne<l by the meet- 
ing for marrying outside of the church, but 
later she and her husband were received 
into the tneeting, and thcneeforth the fam- 
ily were Friends. 

Abtd TrueblcKxl. grandfather of Benja- 
min F., was lH)rn in North Carolina De- 
cember 8, 1771. He marrietl Mary Symons, 
and removed in 1816 to Washington 
County, Indiana, where he <iied in 1840. 
His .son, Joshua Abel Tnieblood, who was 
)»orn March 25. 1815, and died November 
7, 1887, at EI Modena, California, was mar- 
rietl in 1841 to E.sther Parker, daughter of 
William and Elizabeth Parker, who die<l 
in Hendricks County. Indiana, in 1884. 
Their second son, Benjamin Franklin True- 
bloo<l, was born at Salem, Indiana, Novem- 
ber 25, 1847. 

There was no lack of gooil schools at 
Salem, and Benjamin prepare<l for college 
at the Blue River Academy, the Friends' 
school near Salem, and entered Earlham 
College, from which he graduated in 1869. 
He then studied theology, entered the min- 
istry, and became professor of Qreek and 
I^tin at Penn CoUeget Oikaloota, lowm. 



1744 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



In the fall of 1871 he returned to Earl- 
ham as governor, remaining for two win- 
ters. In 1874 he was made president of 
Wilmington College, Ohio, continuing un- 
til 1879, when he went to Penn College, 
Iowa, as president, and remained until 
1890. 

By this time Professor Trueblood had 
become an accomplished linguist, familiar 
with a dozen modem languages, and he was 
sent to Europe as representative of the 
Christian Arbitration Society of Philadel- 
phia to lei*ture in European cities. In 
May, 1892, he was elected general secre- 
tary of the American Peace Society. He 
held this position until May, 1915, when he 
retired on account of failing health, and 
was elected honorary secretary of the 
society. 

He was practically **the publicity de- 
partment" of the American Peace Society. 
He e<lite(l The Advoi»ate of Peace, its offi- 
cial organ, and The Angel of Peace, a 
[)erio<lical for children, and in addition de- 
ivered lectures an<i addresses throughout 
the country, wrote for newspapers and 
magazines, published a book and numerous 
pamphlets, attended and took part in all 
the international peace conferences from 
that of [yondon in 1890 to that of Geneva 
in 1912, excepting the Budapest conference 
of 1896 and the Monaco conference of 1902, 
from which he was kept by health consid- 
erations; he also attended and addressed 
the (l(>z«»n or more p«*ace congresses held in 
this country. 

An rarly m«»mbcr of the International 
I^w Ass<)('iatic»n, and of its executive coun- 
cil from VMK}, he was a recognized author- 
ity on international law and a prominent 
member of the American Society of Inter- 
national Law. H«» was accorded private 
iiitrrvirws with Presich^nt McKinley con- 
ctTniiijr the Spanish-.\meri<*an war. with 
Pn'si«l<Mit H<K)M'velt ctaicf^rning the Russo- 
•lapaiM'st* war. with President Taft con- 
crrniiik: tli»» arbitration tn»atit»s. and with 
Pn»sidiMit \Vils<»!i I'oiMTriiinjr the army and 
navy pn»irra!n. Not evtii «'\iM'ptinir hi^ tVl- 
low-townsiiiaii. S«H*retarv John Hav, no 
otbrr .\in'ri<an did so rniU'h to firoinote 
thf World p«'atM* <loc'trin»» a** i^fiijainin 
Tnu»blo<Hl. 

*• F«tb*rjitinii tif the WMrbl." the bo<»k 
nitMjTinn«M|. wa** |Miblish«Ml in lsJ>9, with a 
lat«»r ttlition in VM^l. \nuiu\! his paniphb-ts 
\s«Mi- "A StatiMl Internatinnal Congrev^." 
••Washington's Anti-Militarism,*' "The 



Christ of the Andes," '* International Arbi- 
tration at the Opening of the Twentieth 
Century," **The Historic Development of 
the Peace Idea," ** History of the American 
Peace Society and Its Work," ** A Periodic 
Congress of the Nations," **The Cost of 
War," ''How the Sunday Schools May Aid 
the Peace Movement," ** Women and the 
Peace Movement," and accounts of the 
two Hague conferences. 

On July 17, 1872, Mr. Trueblood mar- 
ried Sarah Huff Terrell, of New Vienna, 
Ohio, whom he had known as a student 
at Earlham. They had two daughters, 
Lyra Dale (Mrs. George Oregerson Wolk- 
ins), and Florence Esther (Mrs. Jonathan 
Mowr>' Steere), and a son, Irvin Cuyler, 
who died in 1877. After giving up the 
work as active secretary', Mr. Trueblood 
retired with his family to his home at 
Newton Highlands, Massachusetts, where 
he died October 26, 1916. 

David H. Teeple. While not one of the 
oldest David H. Teeple is one of the most 
widely experien^d merchants and busi- 
ness men of Richmond, and is now senior 
partner of Teeple ft Weasel, shoe mer- 
chants. Since boyhood he has come to know 
nearly every line of merchandising, but 
is an especial authority on the shoe trade, 
and has not only sold shoes at retail but 
was a traveling salesman for a number of 
vears. 

He was born on a farm in St. Mary's 
Township of Adams County, Indiana, in 
1879, son of Isaac Teeple and of Scotch- 
Irish ancestrv. He lived on his father's 
farm for a number of years, attendetl 
school in winter, also spent three terms in 
the TriState Normal School at Angola, 
and at the age of eighteen was given a cer- 
tificate and cntnisteil with the manage- 
ment of a countr>* school in Wabash Town- 
ship of his native county. He also taught 
the Hnnkcr Hill Srhmil, the Fravel school 
and the Mount Zion s<*hool, all in Adams 
Count V. 

Beginning: in 1901 Mr. Teeple was for 
five years asso(*iat»'<l with the clothing and 
Mho«» busin#*ss of his uncle. S. II. Teeple 
& (*onipany. at Oeneva. Indiana. His uncle 
then Hold to Sannn*! S. Acker and the firm 
rontinucd as Afkef & Tf<*ple four years. 
David T«M'ph*. soiling <»nt to his partner, 
lM)U{;}it a shew ston* at Shclbyville in Shelby 
(*ounty. Illinois, and was in business there 
for a vear and a half. He first came to 




V 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1746 



Richmond in 1910, opening a shoe store 
under the name Teeple Shoe Company, lie 
develope<l this as a ver>' prosperous enter- 
prise and remained for seven and a half 
years, when he disposeil of his interests to 
accept the post of traveling representative 
of the Holland Shoe Company of Holland, 
Nlichigan. with headquarters at Chicago. 
For a year and a half he interested the mer- 
chants of Chicago in his line, and also trav- 
eled over the states of Illinois and Missouri. 
Mr. Teeple then returned to Richmond and 
bought a half interest in his old store, and 
is now congenially and profitably located 
as one of the leading merchants of the city. 
Mr. Teeple, who is unmarrie<l. is affi- 
liated with Masonry, including the thirty- 
second degree Scottish Rite and Mizpah 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine and in politics 
is an independent republican. 

Henry F. Campbell, of Indianapolis, is 
a typical representative of the best type 
of American business men today, virile, 
strong, aggressive, successful. His name 
has already been associated with some of 
the outstanding institutions of the state, 
and even more substantial results may be 
expected from him in the future. 

Mr. Campl>ell was born at Williamsport, 
Pennsvlvania. February 26, 1882. son of 
Eben *H. Campbell. In 1904 he gra(|,uated 
with the degree Civil Engineer from Ia*- 
high Ciiiversity and has always had ex- 
pert technical (jualifications to guide him 
in his broad business enterprises. Mr. 
Campbell came to Indianapolis in 1908 to 
represent his father's and his own finan- 
cial interests in the Overland Automobile 
Company and the Marion M(»tor Car Com- 
pany, in 1910 the Camplwll interests in 
these eorporati«»ns were withdrawn, since 
which time Mr. Eben H. Campbell has had 
no financial investments in Indiana. 

About that time Henry F. Campbell be- 
came asswiateti with the organization of 
the Stutz Motor Car Company, and was 
oiu* of the men primarily res|M)nsible for 
the development and success of that Hoos- 
ier enterprise. For a short time be was 
president and later was S4*eretary and 
treasurer of the corporation until Febru- 
ary. 1917, at which time he withdrew from 
the inMiiajreinent. 

The rhiff direction of Mr. Caiiipbeirs 
pre»»«nt jM-tivitie^ is in a^rricnlture and 
stoc'k raising. lie is owni*r of a two huii- 
dnd tiftv acre farm in M<»nran County. 



Indiana. On that farm he has developed 
the nucleus of a herd of Poland China 
hogs which are unexcelled in point of se- 
lection, breeding and other pointa admired 
by judges of swine. Conducting a hog 
ranch is not merely a diversion or a labor 
of love with Mr. Campbell. It is a busi- 
ness propositicm, and incidentally is doing 
much for the betterment of stock stand- 
ards thn)ughout the state. He also owns 
and operates a large cattle ranch in Col- 
orado and Wyoming, stocked with about 
2,400 head of choice white face Her^ords. 
With several others Mr. (*ampbell is in- 
tert-sted in probably the largest wheat 
ranch in the Cnited States, located in the 
San Joaquin Valley of ("alifomia. 

Mr. Campbell is a man of means who 
is never c<mtent to be idle. He is alwa>|s 
working and getting work done, and his 
presence in any community is an invalua- 
ble aKset. As a resident of Indianapolis he 
is a meml)er of the Columbia Club, is affil- 
iated with the thirty-second degree of Scot- 
tish Rite Masonry* and Murat Temple of 
the Mystic Shrine. He is married and has 
two children. 

D.\N1EL W.MT Howe, eminent lawyer and 
judge, was born at Patriot, Indiana, Oc- 
tolHT 24, 1839, a son of Daniel Haven and 
Lucy (Hicks) Howe, and a descendant of 
John Howe, the first settler of Marlbor- 
ough, Massachusetts. Judge Howe gradu- 
ated A. H. from Franklin College in 1857, 
and is a graduate of the Albany Law 
School, LL. B.. with the class of 1867. After 
a service in the Civil war. in which he t(M)k 
part in many of its hard fought battles, 
he In^gan the practice of law at Franklin 
in 1867, where he also served as city at- 
torney and state prosecuting attorney. In 
187:rhe luvame a resident of Indiana|K)lis. 
Here he servetl as judge f)f the Superior 
(\mrt from 1876 until 1890. when he re- 
sumed the practice of the law, but is now 
retired. 

Judge Howe married Inez Hamilton, a 
daughter of Robert A. and Susan Hamil- 
ton, of Decatur County. Indiana. 

Cii\Ri.E.s K. CoFFi.v. formerly president 
of the Central Tnist Company nf Intlian- 
apolis and now treasurer of the Star Pub- 
lishiiiir Company, has had an a«'tive posi- 
tion in Inisiiirss and civic affairs at the 
eapital for nearly half a centurj'. 

He was born at Salem. Washington 



• % 



1746 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



County, Indiana, son of Zachariah T. and 
Caroline (Armiield) Coflln. His father 
was a tanner by trade, and enjoyed a 
highly respected place in his community 
and served as justice of the peace. In 
1862 the family removed to Bloomington, 
Indiana. 

It was in that university town that 
Charles E. Coffin acquired part of his edu- 
cation. At the age of twenty he came t'- 
Indianapolis and went to work for the real 
estate firm of Wylie & Martin. At the end 
of six years his experience and other quali- 
fications justified him in setting up a busi- 
ness of his own. and for over thirty years 
Mr. Coffin was one of the leading experts 
in realty values and in handling many of 
the larger operations involving real estate 
in the city. He was not only a broker, but 
has to his credit the opening up and placing 
on the market of a number of subdivisions 
in and around Indianapolis. 

In 1899 Mr. Coffin organize<l the Central 
Trust Company and was its president until 
the company sold its building and business 
to the Farmers Trust Company. Mr. 
Coffin was also one of the organizers of the 
Indianapolis and Kastcrn Railroad Com- 
pany, was one of its first stockholders and 
for a numbfT of years its vice president. 
He still has a numbiT of interests in busi- 
ness organizations, but gives most of his 
time to his duti<Hi as treasurer of the Star 
rublishing Company. 

Mr. Cof!in tak<»s a <lue degree of proper 
pride in the fact that he was one of the 
organiz<»rs and iiUMirporators of the Indian- 
apolis Commercial Club in 1890 and was 
closely identified with the organization 
through its great constructive work in the 
making of a mcKlcrn municipality. He 
served as pn»sident of the club in 1900. He 
was also one of the incorporators and ser^'ed 
i»s a <lire<*tor of the Country Club and 
the \Vo«Mlst(M»k Club, has l)een a director 
of th(* Indianapolis Art AsK<K*iation. has 
si»rvtNl as a m«*mbcr of the Boartl of Gov- 
ernors of the IndianaiK>lis Board of Trade, 
and is now ser\ing his twentieth year on 
the City Hoard of Park Commissioners. 
H«» is a <'h:irt»T mcmlH»r of the Columbia 
Club, a niemlHT of the Contemfiorary Club, 
the Cniversity Club, the Marion (1ub. the 
SiMMcty of (*olonial Wars and tn»asurer of 
thi» Indiana Historical S<K*ietv. Mr. Coffin 
is a n»publi«'an. a mt»ml>er of the Metho<Iist 
Epis4M>pa] Chun»h. is a thirty-set^nd degree 



Mason, and a member of Marat Temple 
of the M>'8tic Shrine. 

Jonx F. AcKERM.\N has been a promi- 
nent merchant of Richmond for over thirty 
years, and is president of the John F. 
Ackerman Company, the highest class dr>' 
goods and notions store in Eastern In- 
diana. Mr. Ackerman is a man of the 
highest standing in his community, and his 
successful record is due to his long and 
close attention .to his steadily increasing 
business interest. He has little of the thirst 
for adventure and travel which made of his 
son, Carl Ackerman, one of the most fam- 
ous correspondents developed by the great 
war. 

Mr. Ackerman was bom at Richmond, 
September 7, 1863, son of Herman Henry 
and Caroline Elizabeth (Kruval) Acker- 
man. His father came from Neuenkirchen 
in Hanover when a young man of thirty 
years, while the mother came from Osna- 
brueck, Hanover, at the age of fifteen. 
Herman Ilenrv Ackerman settled at Rich- 
mond and was employed as an engineer by 
Swavne, Dunn & Company. He died in 
1867. 

John F. Ackerman was the second in 
a familv of four children. He attended 
publir school very little during his youth, 
completing only the third grade. He then 
went to work at wages of $4 a week stack- 
ing tanbark for the Wiggins tannery, and 
in 1878 was employed as errand boy and 
ca.shier by I>eon»ird Haynes & Company, 
dry goods mcrrhants. He worked along 
throuffh different responsibilities, became 
manager of the calico stock, woolens, hos- 
iery, underwear, and every other depart- 
ment of the store, until they went out of 
business in 1888. In the meantime he had 
carefully save<l his money and after bis 
marriasre he took charge of the dr>' goods 
department of the L. M. Jones Company in 
1S88. and remained there until 1892, build- 
ing up his branch of the business to very 
successful pro[>ortion.s. He and W. F. 
Thomas Imupht the Railroad store at 
Eighth and L streets, and the firm of 
Ackerman & Thomas were in business until 
1899. He then rejoined the L. M. Jones 
establishment, and was again manager of 
the drygiMxls department until 1902, in 
which year with Alljcrt Gregg, he booght 
a half interest in the Hoosier store and 
was one of the responsible managers of that 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1747 



dryjfcxxls house until 1910, when he sold 
his interest. He then enjoyed a well 
eanied rest for about a year, and in 1912 
started at his present location on Main 
Street the John F. Aekerman Company, 
which is the premier store of its kind han- 
dlinf^ dry firo<His and notions in Richmond. 
The business is incorporated for $10,000, 
and has a trade extendixifr twenty-four 
miles in a radius around Richmond. Mr. 
A<*kerinan also owns the building in which 
his store is locate<l. lie is a member of the 
C ommercial (1ub. of which his son Everett 
is tn»asun»r. He is independent in politics, 
and a member of the Trinitv Lutheran 
Church. 

In 18S7 Mr. Aekerman married Miss Marj' 
Alice Kgjremeycr. daughter of John and 
Caroline fStiens) Eggemeyer of Richmond. 
The three children of their marriage are 
Carl W.. agi*d twenty-nine; Everett J., 
ajfcd twenty-seven, and Rhea Caroline, age 
twcnty-tive. Everett married Charlotte 
Allison, of Richmond, in 1912, and their 
two children are Margaret Ann, bom in 
1916. and Thomas Fielding, born in 1918. 
Hhea Caroline is a graduate of the Reid 
.MfMiiorial Hosfvital, where she took a three 
viars' course as a nurse, and has .ser\-ed 
as a nurse with the Red Cross. 

Carl \V. Aekerman, the famous war 
«'nrn's|M)n(li'nt. is twenty-nine years old and 
a n itiv*' of Richmond. He graduated 
from high s<*hool and from 1907 to 1911 
was a student in Earlham College. While 
in college he started the Press Club, the 
college |)a|>er, and successfully managetl 
it. Earlham conferred upon him an hon- 
orary degree in June, 1917, at the same 
time that Or\'iIle Wright of Dayton was 
similarly hononnl. After graduating Carl 
Aekerman went to work for the Sidner- 
Vaii Riper Advertising Company of In- 
dianapolis, serving nine months as a 
stenoirrapher. Al>out that time he heard 
Taleott Williams of the Columbia Univer- 
sity Seho<»l of Jouniali-sm talk, and nothipg 
would satisfy him short of a course in that 
newly established branch of Columbia. He 
entered in 1912. and after nine months 
irraduat<Ni as a memlH»r nf the first class 
of twelve. He stum received an assign- 
ment with the Cnited Press as a detail and 
offiee man. aiitl had two important assign- 
ments which tested his mettle as a corres- 
IMindent and reporter. One of these was an 
interview with Pn*sident Wilson. When 



the famous Captain Becker of the New 
York police scandal was convicted, and 
sent to Sing Sing, Carl Aekerman secured 
an interview while Becker was on his way 
to prison and brought out many facts not 
l>efore made public concerning that re- 
markable conspiracy. After three months 
in New York Carl Aekerman was given 
eharge of the Philadelphia office of the 
Cnited Pn»«s, was legislative reporter at 
Albany, New York, in the 1913 session, and 
was then sent to Washington to interview 
ail foreign embassies, remaining there until 
February. 1915. He was then given the 
i'oveted honor of Berlin correspondent for 
the Cnited Press, and remained in Ger- 
many all through the early years of the 
war, finally coming out with Mr. Oerard, 
the Cnite<i States ambassador, when 
.Xfiieriea lK»came involved. Carl Acker- 
man's rejmrts on contlitions in Germany 
have generally been accepted as the clear- 
est and most accurate in all the great mi^ 
of eorresp<wulenee that burdened the cables 
dnrinjr the eariv vears of the war. Several 
of his most widely read articles were pub- 
lished in the Saturday Evening Post, and 
after his return fnmi (icrmany the Post 
sent him to Mexico and later to Switzer- 
i-nid. and he reviewed conditions in both 
eoniitries. He is author of two widely read 
lH»oks. ^Miermany the Next Republic," and 
"The Mexican Dilemma." both published 
by the (Jeorge H. Doran Company. More 
rei»ciitly the New York Tinx'S sent him as 
eastern correspondent to Japan, Siberia 
and China, and he gave the first authentic 
aeeount for American newspapers concern- 
ing the munfer of the ex-Czar and family 
at Eketerinburg in Siberia by the Bolshe- 
vists. Carl Aekerman now has his home 
at New Hope, Pennsylvania. In recent 
months he has appeared l>cfore audiences 
all over the Cnited States lecturing on his 
war experienet»s and particularly on the 
subject *'The Menace of Bolshevism." He 
married Mal)el Van der Iloff of New York 
City in May, \9V\. They have a son, Rob- 
ert Van der Hoff Aekerman, bom in 1914 
in (fcrmany. six months after his parents 
had gone to lierlin. Carl Aekerman is in- 
dependent in politics. He is a member of 
the Ii<ttus Club of New York, and an hon- 
(»rarv member of the Rotarv Club of Rich- 
mond. He is also a member of the Wash- 
ington Press Club. 



1748 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Frank S. Scheibler. One of the oldest 
and best patronized establishments in 
Richmond for retail meats is under the 
present proprietorship of Frank S. 
Scheibler, and it was founded many years 
ago by his father. 

The present proprietor was bom at 
Richmond December 19, 1877, son of Frank 
and Caroline (Minner) Scheibler. His 
father came from Germany at the age of 
twenty-one, ]earne<l the butcher trade in 
Cincinnati, and then came to Richmond, 
where he married and where he continued 
active in business until 1915. He died in 
1917. He was an old and honored resi- 
dent of the city. Frank S. Scheibler was 
third among four children. He attended 
St. Andrew's parochial schools, and after 
leaving school at the age of eighteen went 
to work for his father, and acquired a 
thorough knowledge of the business in gen- 
eral details and also became skillful on its 
technical side. He was with his father for 
several years and since 1915 has been ac- 
tive head of the shop. 

Mr. Scheibler is a republican in politics 
and is affiliated with the Fraternal Order 
of Eagles. In 1914 he married Miss Hen- 
rietta LK»a, daughter of Harry and Phili- 
pine (Miller) Lea of Richmond. They 
have two children: Joseph, born in 1915, 
and Eleanor, bom in 1916. 

« 
Robert S anford Foster. There is noth- 
ing of which America and Americans will 
l>e more firoud in future years than the 
spirit (»f williiigiu»Hs with which men pn)mi- 
nent in busin<»ss and social affairs have left 
those positions to engage in the grim busi- 
ness of war. aeeepting places wherever 
fluty railed them, content and satisfied 
onlv that thev eould l>e of use and service 
in fiirwanling the great cau.se. 

At thf time this is written in IIUS the 
Red (Voss and relatetl activities call for 
far m<ire of the time and strength (»f Rob- 
ert Sanfiud Foster than liis private busi- 
ness. Mr. K<»ster is pr»*sident of the R<il»- 
ert S. Foster Lumber Company, a business 
which is a c«mtinuation of the old Foster 
I^uiiiImt rmnpaiiy. establishe*! more than 
forty tivr years ajfo in Indianapolis. The 
namr F«»stcr probably has as many and im- 
portant iiss<M*iati«nis with the hnnl^er busi- 
ness of Iiiiiiana as any other that might 
!»c mentioned. It is aNn a name honore^l 



and respected in many ways in the capital 
city. 

The Posters have been reaidenta of In- 
diana for more thun a century, and came 
to the bleak shores of New England neariy 
three centuries ago. The first American 
ancestor was Edward Foster, a practicing 
lawyer from Kent County, England Ha 
arrived in America in 1633 and founded 
the Scituate, Massachusetts, branch of the 
English Fosters. For six generations the 
Fosters remained in Massachusetts. Riley 
Shaw Foster, grandfather of the Indian- 
apolis business man, was of English and 
New England descent, and was a son of 
Jonathan and Elizabeth (Wright) Foster 
of Bristol, New York, who, however, were 
born and married in Massachusetts. They 
moved to New York State in 1800. On 
his maternal side Riley Shaw Foeter was 
seventh in descent from Deacon Samuel 
Chapin, who was the original of St. 
Oaudens statue of **The Puritan" at 
Springfield, Massachusetts. 

Riley Shaw Foster was bom in Ontario 
County, New York, December 30, 1810, and 
came to Indiana in 1814. He conducted a 
furniture store and a cabinet making shop 
at Vernon in Jennings County, Indiana, 
and afterw*ards for many years was the 
leading druggist of that town. In 1868 he 
moved to Indianapolis, where he lived re- 
tired. He was a whig and republican, and 
he and his wife members of the First Chris- 
tian Church at Indianapolis. Riley Shaw 
Foster marrictl Sarah J. Wallace, a native 
of Ireland and of the famous Wallace 
Clan of Scotland. 

The founder of the Foster lumber busi- 
ness in Indianapolis was the late Chapin 
Clark Foster, who die<i at Indianapolis 
June 28, 1916. He was l)om at Vernon, 
Indiana. April 15, 1h47, obtained his early 
edueation in the si'hooU of his native vil- 
lage and in 1S61. at the age of fourteen 
enteretl the instituti<m at Indianapolis now 
known as Hutler (*ollege. His Htudies there 
were interrupter! when on May 18, 1864, he 
volunteered and enlisted as a private in 
Company I> of the One Hundred and 
Thirtyst'eond Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 
This regiment whs in the Army of the Cum- 
berland and he was on duty the hundred 
days <»f his enlistment. Subsequently he 
was avsitriuMl as a !n«'ml»er of the commis- 
s:<iii whirh to«»k testimonv and received 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1749 



claims made by the citizenfl of Southern 
Indiana who had been injured or suffered 
property loss through the raid of General 
Morgan through that portion of the state. 
Chapin Clark Foster was the youngest of 
tiw brothers who served in the Civil war. 
The others were William Foster, in the 
Morgan raid. Major General Robert S. 
Fcwter, Captain Edgar J. Foster and Cap- 
tain Wallace Foster. 

After his army serA'icc Chapin C. Foster 
rontinued his work in lUitler College, hut 
in the spring of 1865 l)ecame disbursing 
officer for the State Asylum for the Deaf 
and Dumb at Indiana|K)lis. He was there 
for six years and then for two vears was 

• » 

l>ookkeeper in the old mercantile house of 
f^. S. Ayers & Company. (*hapin Clark 
Foster identified himself with the lumber 
business at Indianapolis in 1872. From 
that time forward practically until his 
death he was one of the leading lumbermen 
of Indiana. He had various business asso- 
ciates and operated under different firm 
names, but for many years was president 
and executive head of the Foster Lumber 
Company. His success as a lumber dealer 
naturally made him prominent in lumber- 
men's organizations. He was a charter 
meml>cr and one year president of the In- 
diana Luml)ermon's Association and for 
several years was president of the Indiana 
Lumbermen s Mutual Insurance Company. 
II«» serveil as vice president two terms and 
mpnil>er of the executive committee of the 
Indiana Manufacturers Association, and 
was a charter member and for a number of 
years on the executive committee and later 
se<»retar>' of the Indianapolis Employers 
Asaociation. He was also a charter mem- 
ber of the Indianapolis Board of Trade, 
served twice as its vice president, was a 
member of the Indianapolis Commercial 
(*lub from the time of its organization and 
was its first vice president, was the first 
president of the Columbia Club after its 
in<»or[>oration, was one of the organizers 
and incorporators of the Country Club and 
its first president. He was also a member 
of the Sfarion Club, charter member of 
Gei>rge H. Thomas Post No. 17. Grand 
Army Republic and for many years an 
elder in the First Pn»sbvterian Church. 
Politically he was a devoted supporter of 
the republican party, though he never 
sought official honors. 



Chapin Clark Foster married in 1878, 
Harriet Mclntire, who is still living in In- 
dianaiK)lis. She has long been prominent 
in .social and charitable affairs and her 
name is permanently linked with Indiana 
authors and literary work. In 1894 she 
founded the Indiana Society of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution and was 
the first state regent, holding that office 
six years, and after%vards being made the 
first honorary' state regent. She also 
founded the first eight chapters in Indiana. 
Her father, Rev. Dr. Thomas Mclntire, was 
for twenty-six years superintendent of the 
Indiana State Asylum for the Deaf and 
Dumb Ht Indiana}K>Iis. and out of those 
early as.s4H*iations Mrs. Foster acquired a 
knowledge and sympathy which have made 
her an efl^ectivc instrument in every move- 
ment toward the solution of problems con- 
nected with the administration of public 
institutions for defective and unfortunate 
people. In 1878. at the request of Rev. 0. 
McCullough. she wrote a pamphlet upon 
the e<lucation of the feeble minded, ad- 
dressetl to the IjCgislature then sitting, and 
this pamphlet changed the minority vote 
to a majority vote in favor of building the 
school for the feeble minded at Fort 
Wayne. In 1888 she was author of a paper 
on Indiana Authors, prepared for the 
Indianapolis Woman's Club. This con- 
tained lM»sides personal reminiscences a list 
of over 250 Indiana writers. The paper 
was widely used in the public schools, In- 
diana Cniversity. Technical Institute, and 
Indiana Library School. In 1885 .she also 
prepared a Memoir of her father. Rev. Dr. 
Thomas Mclntire. and in 1908 she wrote 
a Memoir of Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, the 
first President General of the National So- 
ciety of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution. Mrs. Foster for many years 
was vi<*e president for Indiana of the 
Northwest Genealogical Swiety. She is 
also a member of the Indiana Historical 
Society and of the Red Cross, and wrote 
for the Indiana Historical Society ** Mem- 
ories of the National Road," published in 
the Indiana Historical Magazine in March, 
1917. Mrs. Foster is a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church, and was director and 
secretary and is now director emeritus of 
the Indianapolis Orphans Society. For 
fourteen years she was a member of the 
Citizens Library Committee, Public Li- 



1750 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



brary, and gave much time to the careful 
selection of new books for the public library 
of Indianapolis. 

Her father, Dr. Thomas Mclntire, was 
born at Reynoldsburg, Ohio, December 25, 
1815, and died at Indianapolis September 
25, 1885. He was educated in Hanover 
College and Franklin College, graduating 
from the latter in 1840 and from Princeton 
Theological Seminary in 1842. Forty 
years of his life were given to the educa- 
tional and administrative work of public 
institutions for the deaf and dumb. He 
was instructor in the Ohio Deaf and Dumb 
Institute from 1842 to 1845, founded, and 
from 1845 to 1850 was superintendent of 
the Tennessee Deaf and Dumb Institute 
at Knoxville, Tennessee, and following an 
interval in which he conducted a book- 
store at Columbus, was made superintend- 
ent in 1852 of the Indiana Deaf and Dumb 
Institute, an oflRce he filled until 1879. 
From 1879 to 1882 he was superintendent 
of the Michigan Deaf and Dumb and Blind 
Institute at Flint, and then founded the 
Western Pennsylvania Institute for the 
Deaf and Dumb, where he served from 
1883 until shortly before his death. Sep- 
tember 26, 1843, he married Miss Eliza- 
beth Barr, of Columbus, Ohio, daughter of 
John Barr and Nancy Nelson, granddaugh- 
ter of two of the founders of Columbus, 
Ohio. Doctor and Mrs. Mclntire had fiv^ 
daughters, Mrs. Chapin C. Foster; Alice, 
who died in childhood; Mrs. Merrick N. 
Vinton, of New York; Mrs. Charles Mar- 
tindale; and Mrs. Morris Boss, of Indian- 
apolis. 

Chapin C. Foster and wife had three 
children: Mary Mclntire, Robert Sanford 
and Martha Martindale. Mary Mclntire, 
who died June 13, 1905, was the wife of 
Charles H. Morrison, and mother of Robert 
Foster Morrison, bom June 10, 1905. 
Martha Martindale Foster married July 16, 
1911, Maj. Howard C. Marmon, United 
States America, now in command of Mc- 
Cook Aviation Field at Dayton, Ohio. 

Robert Sanford Foster, whose career is 
in many important respects a continuation 
of his father 's activities and influences, in 
the City of Indianapolis, was bom ia the 
sixteen block on East Washington Street, 
Indianapolis, June 16, 1876. His early 
education and training would have been 
an adequate preparation for any profes- 
sion or vocation he might have chosen. He 



attended the Boys Classical School at In- 
dianapolis, Butler College, and finished in 
Princeton University. He was a student 
at Princeton when Woodrow Wilson was 
one of the professors of that institution. 

From college he returned home to be- 
come associated with his father in the lum- 
ber business, and several years ago he 
organized the R. S. Foster Lumber Com- 
pany, which continues at the old location 
of his father's company. Mr. Foster is 
an active member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Columbia Club, and the First 
Presbyterian Church. 

His interests and sympathies and activi- 
ties have made him respond to every caU 
upon his services since America entered 
the great war. At the present time he is 
serving as field director of the Red Cross 
for Fort Benjamin Harrison and Speed- 
way, and also for the Vocational Training 
Detachments within the state. 

October 16, 1906, Robert S. Foster mar- 
ried Miss Edith Jeffries, daughter of Rev. 
W. H. and Elsie (McFain) JeflPries. Her 
father is a graduate of Princeton College. 
Mr. and Mrs. Foster have one daughter, 
Mary Edith, bom July 31, 1907. 

Homer V. Winn. Indianapolis has 
present abundant opportunities to Homer 
V. Winn in its business and civic aflPairs. 
He is an Illinois man, but after a varied 
experience as a sales manager and mer- 
chant in that state and elsewhere, removed 
to Indianapolis and became identified offi- 
cially with some of the older organizations 
and has helped promote some of the newer 
forces in the commercial and civic life of 
the capital city. 

Mr. Winn was born at Brocton, Illinois, 
March 12, 1883, a son of Marion and Sa- 
mantha H. (Haines) Winn. His grand- 
father went to Edgar County, Illinois, 
from Zanesville, Ohio, and became a well 
known figure in that section of the Prairie 
State. He was a farmer, a republican, a 
Methodist, and died at Kansas, Illinois, in 
1917, in advanced years. The oldest of 
his eight children was Marion Winn, who 
had the distinction of being the only re- 
pu'blican sheriff Edgar County ever had, 
and even at that he was elected by the 
largest majority ever given in any previous 
campaign for that office. He served as 
sheriff of Edgar County from 1894 to 
1902. He was a man of good education, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1751 



a farmer by occupation, and for several 
years has lived retired at Brocton, being 
now sixty-eight years of age. He served 
a number of years as a member of the 
County School Board. He is a Scottish 
Kite Mason. 

Homer V. Winn was the youngest of the 
six children of his parenta and received his 
early training in the public schools of 
lllinoin. For a time he was deputy Tnited 
States marshal at Springfield, Illinois, un- 
der Marshal C. P. Hitt. Later he engaged 
in the retail clothing business at Paris, 
Illinois, under the name of The Winn Com- 
pany, and was its managing partner. He 
was in that business for ten vcars. He 
also served as sales manager for the 
Southern Motors Company of I^)uisville, 
Kentucky, and as manager of the sales 
promotion department of the C^adillac 
Company of Indiana. Mr. W^inn is now 
giving most of his time to a broader serv- 
ice of sales organization and adverti.sing, 
and until March, 1918, was member of the 
firm Aldred and Winn, which was estab- 
lishetl in 1915 as an advertising agency, 
ea|>ecially adapted to the promotion of 
sales of large industrial and manufactur- 
ing entcr|)rises. 

Mr. Winn is secretary of the Indianap- 
olis Real Estate Board and is also secre- 
tary of the Community Welfare I^eague. 
which he organizetl in 1916. He is a mem- 
ber of the Advertising Club of liouisville, 
Kentucky, and the Kiwanis and Optimist 
clubs of Indianapolis. I)cceml>cr 20, 19(>6, 
at Paris, Illinois, Mr. Winn marrietl Miss 
Kmma Link. They have a daughter, 
Katherinc. Iwni August 20, 1917. 

Whj.iam p. M.viiOTT. The Malott fam- 
ily, representcil by William P. Malott of 
Indiana|K>]is, is om^ of the l>est known in 
Indiana. The Malotts were pioneers and 
throujrh difTerent generations have l)een 
dynami*' forces for business ability and 
probity. None of the name has ever been 
other than honorable and straightforward 
in his n»lationships, and many of them 
have been real leaders in educational, re- 
ligious and charitable affairs. 

At a time when the maps of the western 
count r\' showcil verv few towns and when 
the Falls of the Ohio were a conspicuous 
point. Hiram Malott. who was of French 
Humienot ancestr>'. journeyed down the 
Ohio and established his home near the 



Falls at the budding village of I^uisville, 
Kentucky. A son of this pioneer Ken- 
tuckian was Michael A. Malott, who was 
born near Jeffersontown in Jefferson 
County, Kentucky, about ten miles from 
l^ouisville. He grew up and married in 
his native state. His mothers maiden 
name was Mary Hawes. From Kentucky 
Michael Malott moved across the Ohio 
River into the largely unbroken and un- 
settletl country of Southern Indiana, and 
established a home at I.<eesville in Lawrence 
County. Still later he removed to Bed- 
ford, where for years he was prominent in 
business and public affairs. He was a 
banker, long held the office of president of 
the Beilford Hank, and in 1847 was elected 
to represent I^wrence County in the State 
Senate. He was one of the forceful men 
in the legislative .session and in order to 
reach Indianapolis in the absence of rail- 
n>ad facilities from l^awrence County he 
made the journey on horseback. He was 
a strict business man, proverbially honest 
and upright in all his dealings, and his 
record can be recalled with satisfaction 
not onlv bv his familv but hy all who take 
pride in Indiana citizenship. He was a 
democrat in politics. He died in 1875. 
The maiden name of his wife was Elizabeth 
Moonev, and of their children the fifth 
was William P. Malott. 

William P. Malott was bom at liedford, 
Indiana. February 16. 1840, one of seven 
sons and three daughters. His home re- 
nuiincd at Hetlford until 1895, when he 
came to Indianapolis. As a youth he re- 
sponded to the call for military service 
and on July 21, 1861, upon the organiza- 
tion of the Twenty-First Indiana Infantry, 
he joincfl the band and was its leader. 
The regiment was later reorganized and 
became part of the First Indiana Heavy 
Artillerv. Mr. Malott was in service alK>ut 
eighteen months. As the result of a special 
act of Congress disbanding all regimental 
bands he was granted an honorable dia- 
charge at New Orleans September 11, 1863. 
During his service as band leader he had 
under him the youngest man known to 
have had his name on the muster rolls of 
the United States army. The name of this 
man, or rather boy, was Eddie Black, who 
at the time of his enlistment was 8^.j years 
old. Mr. Malott was in the Butler cam- 
paicrn around the coast to New Orleans 
and was present when Baton Rouge was 



1752 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



conquered by the Union troops. On May 
2, 1862, his band was the first to play in 
New Orleans after it was captured by But- 
ler's army. 

Mr. Malott had begrun his business 
career at the age of sixteen as a dry goods 
merchant. In 1874 he took up the opera- 
tion of the Bedford Woolen Mills. In 1882 
he became cashier of the Bedford Bank. 
Since coming to Indianapolis Mr. Malott 
has been engaged in the retail coal busi- 
ness. In politics he is a deino<*rat. In 
1916 he completed a half century record 
as a memhiT of the Indepenclent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He joined the order at Bed- 
ford and has always kept his membership 
there. He is a mcnil»cr of the Christian 
Church. 

Mr. Malott anions friends and assoiMates 
has always lK*cn notctl for the sunshine of 
his temperament and disposition and his 
unselfish devotion to the amelioration of 
the griefs of his fellow men. What he 
has i)een able to do through acts of per- 
sonal kindness perhaps furnishes him a 
greater consolation in his diH'lining years 
than anv of his business successes. For 
over fifty years he was happily married. 
Mr. Malott is a lover of music and in his 
vounger days playetl several instruments. 
His wife was an accomplished pianist and 
often accompanied him. Music was one of 
a number of common resources which 
brought them the greatest of enjoyment. 
It was true of Mr. and Mrs. Malott that 
they were mated as well as marrie<I. Their 
lives were congenial, and the heaviest sor- 
row Mr. Malott has been called upon to 
l>ear was when his beloved companion was 
taken from him six years ago. 

On June 2(), 1865, he married Florence 
O. Mitchell, daughter of Jesse A. Mitchell. 
Mrs. Malott die*l Oetober 5. 1913. They 
were the parents of six children : Frank ; 
Charles M. : Kate, deceased; Albert, de- 
ceased: .\ttia. who married Har\ey B. Mar- 
tin; and Charlotte. dtN^easeil. 

Cou).vKL John T. BAR.s^rrr. An hon- 
ore<l resident <»f Iiuliana(K)lis for many 
vears. a native of Hendricks Count v. In- 
diana. the care»»r of Colonel John T. Bar- 
nett is one that reflects honor upon his 
native state. He was the first Hendricks 
(*ounty hoy to graduate from the Cnit«*<I 
Statf*s .Militarv Aca(l»*mv at Wi»st I'oint. 
and he saw much active ser\'ice as an offi- 



cer of the regular United States Army in 
the far west when that section of the coun- 
try' needed the constant vigilance and pro- 
tection of the military forces. Ha also 
has the distinction of being the second man 
of Hendricks County to command a regi- 
ment in a war, and was the only demo- 
cratic colonel in the Spanish-American 
war from the State of Indiana. Aside 
from his military' record Colonel Bamett 
has long been prominent in business af- 
fairs and in civic life. 

He was bom three miles west of Dan- 
ville. Indiana, September 2, 1851. He is 
a son of William and Nancy (Buchanan) 
Barnett. and of most honorable ancestr>\ 
His mother was a direct descendant of 
Oeorge Buchanan, eminent as a Scottish 
scholar, historian and poet. Colonel Bar- 
nett 's maternal great-grandfather, Alex- 
ander Buchanan, was bom in Scotland, a 
meml>er of the old Buchanan clan, and on 
emigrating to the Cnited States became 
identifie<l with the colonial cause in the 
war for independence and saw active serv- 
ice in a New Jersey regiment throughout 
the Revolutionary war. Colonel Bamett 's 
father was a native of Virginia. The rec- 
ord of the family there l)egins with John 
Bamett, who died about the beginning of 
the Revolutionary war. James, son of 
John, moved to Kentucky in 1808, and was 
a fanner and died in Shelby County. 
William Bamett, father of Colonel Bar- 
nett, came to Indiana in 1833 and was a 
pioneer in Hendricks County, where he 
acquired land from the government, and 
it was on that farm Colonel Bamett was 
born. William Bamett was unusually 
well educated for his time and was a 
teacher as well as a farmer. He gave each 
of his children the best obtainable educa- 
tional advantages and did much for the 
general cause of e<lucational enlighten- 
ment in his home county. Colonel Bar- 
nett s father liveil to the age of seventy-one 
and his mother died at the age of seventy- 
nine. 

As a l>oy Cohmel Bamett attended the 
s(*hools of ins native township and also the 
old Danville Academy. For one year he 
taught st'hool. In 1871 he entered As- 
bury, now DePauw, Cniversity, and as a 
meml>er of the cla.ss of 1875. completed his 
fn*>hman year in that institution. About 
that time upon the recommendation of 
(ten. John Cobura, then a congretraian, 




^>^^^^^fiA^^^r 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1753 



from his district, he \^as ap|M)inte<I to a 
cadotship in tht» I'liitod Static Military 
Aratiemv at \V«'st Point, NVw York. En- 
toriiiff tht» Aoacit'iny in Junr. 1S7.*J, he prad- 
uatod in Jnne. 1S7S. standing? fourtiM-nth 
in his rlass and with sp(M*ially creditable 
marks in mathcmatifs and kindn*<l suh- 
jeets. His eours«» had Imnmi iiiterrupteil in 
I lie a(»a<lemv for a vrar «»n aeronnt of 
sevrn* illness fniin typhoid fever. On his 
trrad nation he ^ns assiirncd as seeond lieu- 
tenant in the Fifth rnit»Ml States Cavalry. 
Aftrr his leave of al>s<'nee he joinetl his 
reiriment Oetoher 1. 1S7**, at Fort I). A. 
KusMdl. near Cheyi'iine. Wyominjj. It 
wdl serve t«» imlieate the period in whii'h 
Tnlonel Harnett's military services wen* 
rendered when it is refallfd tliat only two 
.M'ars lief<»re his }rra<luation hail <M*eurre<l 
the trajf«*dy of the Custer massai-re in th'* 
northwest, and for nearly a deradr thi-n*- 
after there was mon* or less eonstant <lan- 
f^'r of Indian uprisin«r. In ad<liti4»n to 
this sptH'ial serviee the I'nit*Ml States 
troops were kept almost eonstantly on duty 
;is a )>rimary sunree of law and ord«*r in 
territories and d»unains where white settle 
ment was just lii'irinninkr and when* thf 
ronditions of the border still prevailiMl. 
C'oloiu'l narnetr was an aetivi* ofti«'»T in th^ 
reirnlar I'nited Stat»*s Armv for nine v»*ars. 
and was stationt^l at various posts and on 
d«'!a«*hrd dutv l)oth in Wvominir antl Texas. 
On a(*<*onnt of disahilitv inrurrtMl in the 
huf nf «luty lit* was ••ompelled \o retire in 
1>M». and his naiiif has sin<*e he»'n on th«* 
H'tinMl list of the I'nit»-d States Army. 

Oil IcaviniT thf army Cohmel I»arnftt 
l4N*ated at Danvillf. Indiana, hut in l'^!)'* 
removed to Indianapolis. His ht*alth hav- 
Mr improv«»d in the meantime, he ♦Miirat'e*! 
in the hardwan* luisiufss at Pi<|Ua, Ohio. 
Ml thf sprinjr of IVU. as the principal 
«iwnfr. pr»»sidt'nt and numairer of the Har- 
nett Harijuarf Cnnipany. H«» nmained a 
r«»sident of that Ohio city until ISJMI. when, 
sflliiiir lijx iiitrrfst^. In* rfturncd to Indian- 
apoijs. H'Ti* III* was t'liifaecd in thf phar- 
mai-futii'al husinrss until a rfturn of his 
old «lisfasi» «'aust»d him to jrivf it up. 
Later. Iiis hfalth iiiipmvinir, he* fntfnsl 
ilif Tfal fsta'f. loan iiinl insurance husi- 
I'fx'*. wliifli I'f still fiintinufs witli oftiffs 
at 50 North Dclawarf Street in Indiana])- 
• •Ijs. H^x -nti-n's' in military atTairs has 
always I'fcn k»M*n. and in many ways he 
has rfinh t»*d invaluable >erviei' to his na 

Vol. IT— II 



tive state in keeping up military orgaiii- 
zati<ins. In ]x9'A <iovernor Matthews ap- 
pointed him assistant inspeetor (general of 
the Indiana National Ouard, with the rank 
of maj<»r. He resi^nicd in 1894 on aeeount 
of his alisenee from the state. At the bo- 
k'innintr of the Spanish-American war he 
offere<l hia serviees to the se<*retary of war 
and to the ^rovfrnors of Indiana and Ohio. 
The Indiana jrovernor gladly avaih*d him- 
sflf of his cxpcrieiicf and abilities, appoinu 
ii:*: him folonrl and commander of the 
l"»!nh Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Fol- 
Ifjwinjr his appoint.ment in May, 1H9S, he 
took his n*jfiment to Camp Aljrer, Virginia, 
whfPt* the n*krimfnt was stationed and also 
at Thoroujrhl'arf <iap in the same atate 
and at Camp Mi»ad«', Pennsylvania, 
throU(?hout the followiufr summer. The 
rejrimcnt was mustered out at Camp Mount 
in Indianapolis about the last of Novem- 
l»fr, 1>!»^. Dnrinjr abi»ut half of this time 
Colonel r»arnett was commander of hia 
briirade. and whib- at Camp Al^rer for a 
slmrt time eommanded the Sceond Division 
t)f till' Seeond Army Corps. 

Colonel Harnett is a member of the Sons 
of tlie Ameriean Revolution, has served aa 
pi'esid(*nt of the Indiana Chapter, and has 
iM'en mi tilt* I'oard «»f .Manaj;«*rs since 1^99. 
He is a ni«*nd»iT «»f thf Militarv Order of 
Foreiirn Wars. S[»anish War Veterans and 
Spanish War Camp, and has Imm-u comnum- 
d»'r of all thi*s.' niirani/ations. As a mem- 
ber nf the CliamlHT of Commerce of In- 
dianapolis h«» is eliaiiinan of its military 
fommittfc. While at I)el*anw Cniversity 
Ih» >Nas aftiliatetl with the Sitrma Chi Oreek 
btter fraternity, ami was pn*siiient of the 
Alumni Ch.ipti'r at Iii«lianapolis for a 
\ear. He has Ihm'u a Mason since the aire 
of twenty-one. and in polities has always 
Ih'cii ideiitili«'d with the demo<'ratic party 
and is a nn»mber tif the Dfuioi-ratic Club 
and a membt-r of its advisory committee. 
H- als.i beltinirs to the Central Christian 

( 'hureh. 

While his own name will always have 
a^s.M-iatiims with the military atTairs of his 
lonntrv. the militarv spirit ami the mili- 
tary rcroid of the family will not close 
NMth him. In the present jrreat W(»rld war 
he has twti nephews who art» servintr with 
the rank of c^aptain and one who is a lieu- 
tfTiant. An«l it mn.st be a source of jrrcat 
pritle aiul satisfactiim to Cohuiel Harnett 
that his only living son and child 



17:>4 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



won distinct ion as an American soklier 
and officcT in the present crisis. As a 
major in this great contiict he served in 
France f<»r one year. 

Colonel Harnett married December 18, 
1S79, Kunna Charhitte Pcirsol, only danjjfh- 
ter of Isaac an<l Klizaln'th IVirsol. a promi- 
nent family of Hendricks Connty. Her 
father was a successful merchant and 
hanker at Danville. .Mrs. Harnett, who 
died in May, 18f»2, was the mother of two 
S4>ns: William I'., who died at hirth; and 
Cht*ster I'., Inirn January 14, 1S^7. In 
1M>:{ Colonel Hanu'tt married ('<ira H. 
CamplM»IK dau^rhter t)f L. M. Campbell, a 
well known lawyer of Danville. Indiana. 

Chester I*. Harnett, emulatinjr tile career 
of his father is a graduate of the Cnited 
States Military Academy at West Point, 
and was assi<;hed with tht* rank (»f M*cond 
lieutenant to the Fifteenth Cnited States 
Covalry. In July. llHt). <Jovernor Kalston 
of Indiana appointt*d him major of the 
Third Hattalion with the Third Hetriment 
of the Indiana Natioiud <Juard for .service 
on the Texas Inirder. He was musttTt^l out 
of that serviee in .Man*h, 1!M7, and soen 
afterwanl. with the outbreak of the war 
with (iermany. was aj^pointnl major in the 
Adjutant tieneral's Department of the 
Cnite<l States Army and put in charjje 
of the IntelliL'eiH'c Hureau of the Depart- 
ment of the Hast in the latter part of June, 
1!M7. Fn>m those duties, continue<l until 
the middh' of D«*it»mlM»r, 1JM7. he was or- 
ilen*d to Franee as ailjutant ireneral of the 

S« nd Hrijratle of Field Artillery of the 

Secontl Division of reirular triMips. and is 
now on dutv with the Kxpeditionarv F»»n*es 
uniler <Jt'!ieral IN'rshinif. 

M;ij<ir Harnett has his home in Indian- 
apolis. He is owner of a lar^re and val- 
uable istate in Hendricks (*ounty. In IMll 
he married Katharine Davis Hrown, a 
irrandilautrht«T of Heiirv <iassawav Davis. 
former liiiietl Stat**** s^Mialiu* and one time 
de'iminitji" eandiilate tor \ice president. 
Major Harnett and wift» have omi» s«iii. 
Da\is Hfirsnl Harnett, bnrii Jamiary 27. 
VM'l 

<iFNK Stk\tti»\ I*«»|{TKk. who has wou 
faTM** as an autli<»r. was born on a farm in 
Wabash Cnunty. Imliana. in 1m;>. and In- 
diana i»» still h«*r Imiih*. She is a dauirhtt»r 
of Mark and Marv Shellenbarirt-r Strat- 



ton, and in 1886 she was married to 
Charles I). Porter. 

Among her most eelebratetl works may 
be mentionecl ** Laddie" and *'The (Jirl of 
the Liml)erlost/' and her home is LimlH»r- 
lost (*abiii. Rome City, Indiana. 

Harry H. S.mitii. Uy reason of the un- 
preeeclented conditions then prevailing 
th*M'e were more interests and vital ef>n- 
siderations involve<l in the appointment of 
an adjutant general of the state in 1917 
than had Iwen true for the previous thirty 
or forty years. To this office Governor 
<i(MMlrich called in January, 1917, Harry 
H. Smith, than whom pn)hably no man 
in the state was lietter tittecl by reason of 
j)revious experience and long and studieil 
familiarity with state military affairs. 

Forty years previously, on Septendier 
27. 1S77, Harry H. Smith as a private 
joini^l the Indianapolis Light Infantry of 
the National (tuard. He rose thnuigh the 
different grade's until he l>eeame brigadier 
general. During the Spanish- American 
war he was colonel of the One Hundred 
and Fifty-Kight Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry. Military te<*hni<|ne. military or- 
ganization, the strengthening of the per- 
sonnel and develofiment of an effective sys- 
tem, art* all subjects with which Mr. Smith 
is familiar through his forty years* ex- 
perience, and in his |)resent capacity he is 
in a posit irm to infuse the i>ro}>er spirit 
into the military affairs still under the 
juris<iiction of the state, and thereby ren- 
tier a splemlid service not only to Indiana, 
but the nati«»n as well. 

<Ieneral Smith was born at Hrownsburg. 
Hendricks County. Indiana. Octolier 20, 
1k'»9. son of Fountain P. and Jane Z. f Par- 
ker' Smitli. His parents were natives of 
Fleming Ci»unty. Kentucky, and were chil- 
dren when their r«»sp«H»tive famili<*s nmved 
to Hendricks Countv. Indiana. Thev tfrew 
up there ami marrie<l, and Fountain P. 
Smith after masterine the common 
branches of I(»arnins; in the |)ublie M*hools 
attend(*d the suiinner normal s4*h<M>Is <>oni- 
mon in those days and fitted himself for 
tea«*hliiir. Vnr a iiu miter of y«»ars he taught 
seh<Hi]. and durinir the (*ivil war was in 
the t/uarft-rmaster's Department. In Jan- 
uary. l»*tli». he m(»ved to In<Iianap'»!iN. an«l 
r»r many years was entrai;(*ii in inereanfilv» 
pursuits. He died in Mareh, PH^i. and his 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



17;>5 



wife in August, 1IM4. Thoy were the par- 
ents of two HoiiH and two dau(?hters, Gen- 
eral Smith lH»inj? the only survivor. 

The latter jrrew up at Indiana j>olis from 
the a^re of sev«*n. and that eity has for 
the most part )>een his home throughout 
his life. lie was etiueatt»t! in the gramnmr, 
high and eommereial selnmls of the eity 
and for many years was in husiness as a 
traveling rejTes«»ntative of a large steel 
plant. lit* also heeame interested in poli- 
ties at an early day, and has l>een one of 
the stalwart figures in repuhliean ranks 
for manv vears. lie was nominated and 
t*le<*ted auditor (»f Marion County in lcS!>4 
and was n»-eleete<l in \>9H, tilling that oftiee 
with admirahle eftieieney for eight \ear>. 

He is a memlH»r of the ('(»lund)ia aiul 
.Marion elu)>s, and is a Knight Templar 
and thirty-seeond degree S<»ottish Kite 
Mason and a memher of the Mystie Shrine. 
In IShl he marrit^il Miss Lillie (i. Boyn- 
ton. Her father. Dr. Charles S, Hoyiitim, 
was surgeon of the Twenty-Fourth Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry during the Civil war. 
(Jeneral and Mrs. Smith have one daugh- 
ter. Kthel. She is the wife of James M. 
Davis, of Indiana|>olis. and they have a 
daughter, named Dorothy. 

.luiiN Lm( K is president of the South 
Side State Bank of Indianapolis. While 
in point of aggregate resourees this is not 
one of the largest hanks of thi» state, it 
stan<|s among the lK»st in matter of solid- 
it v. tinaneial serviee and in everv element 
of true prosperity. It i*^ to hanks of 
this eharaett»r that the great Inilk <»f the 
nation's rt»soun*es are eommitte<l and in 
them will \h* foinul the repn*sentativi* 
j>ower and rharaeter of American tinaiife. 
The South Side State Bank has enjoved a 
wonderful growth sinee its estahlishment, 
and while it^ eapital is still triO.CKMI the 
et»nti<len<M» nf the pidili** in its manasre- 
ment is ret?<M'tiN| hy over .KiOO.OCKJ in de- 
posits, while the total resourees are over 
^♦)2.').()<N». B«*sid«»s Mr. I^uek as presi- 
flent the viee president is William Hart 
and the cashiiT L. A. WiU»s. 

Th«» president of the institution has 
«*pent nearl\ all his life in Indiana|H)lis 
and is a s(»n of Mi«-hael Lauek, a native of 
(lermanv. iMirn in Alsaee. the l»onler eoun- 
trv hrtwii'ii <t<'rmanv an<l France, in 1818. 
He was nf <M'rman aneestrv. However 



much America may at the present time re- 
gard with distresK and fear the metho<ls 
and character of the ruling house in the 
(fcrman Kmpin*, there is reawm for all 
the more emphasis ujK)n the sterling char- 
acter of the real (Jerman people, jmrticu- 
larly those who, impelled by a spirit of 
fretnlom, left that country in the eventful 
days of the '40s and transplanted their 
ho?n<»s and their ideas to free America. 
-Michael Lanek was a real pnnluct of the 
<ierman ri'volution of 1S4H. I'p to that 
time he had livc^l in the old country and 
had learnctl ami followed the architectural 
iron worker *s trade. In (Jermany he mar- 
rictl Mary August in. On account of the 
political struggles which drove thousands 
of the hest sons of (tcrmany to the New 
World following ls48. he came to America 
in \^4\K and lived for some vears in Pitts- 
Inirgh, New Orleans, and Newport, Ken- 
tucky. In lS(il Michael Lauek brought his 
family to Indianapolis, and this was his 
home until his death in 1866. S<kmi after 
coming to America he lK»came a naturalized 
citizen and none could surpass him in 
loyalty to the land <if his adoption. He 
was a demoi'ratic voter, and a meml>er of 
the Catholic Church. He and his wife had 
nine children, the thre<» now living being 
Peter W., John and Anthcuiy J., all n»si- 
dents of Indianapolis. 

Mr. John Lauck was Iwirn in Kentucky 
in .March. lNr>4. and cafne to Indianapolis 
with his parents at the age of seven years. 
Here he attended the parochial schools, and 
in 1882 engaged in business for himself 
in the sheet metal and hardware trade. 
He was active in that line until 1!M2. and 
still has larg(» inten*sts in the business. I)e- 
inir vice president of the Indianapolis Cor- 
rutrating C<»mpany. 

He was one of the men who organized 
the Sotith Side State Bank in lJn2. and 
the service of that institution and its rapid 
growth and prosperity tnust l)e largely 
«'re<lite<l to his efficient nmnagement as 
president from the U^ginning. 

Mr. I>auek is a demo<»rat and a meml>er 
of the Catholic Church. In IHHl he mar- 
ried Candine Wagner. They iHH'ame the 
pan^nts of nine children. Three are de- 
ceased, Oeorge. (tertrude and Clara. Those 
still living are: John P., Charles M., 
Frank A., Agnes J., Albert F. and Cecelia. 
Aguf's is now Mrs. Augimt Mueller. 



1756 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Austin B. Gates. Of the older Indiana 
families few have sustained so well their 
pristine vi^r and have shown greater 
ability to adapt themselves to the chang- 
ing conditions, whether those of the wilder- 
ness or modem business affairs, as the 
family of Gates. It is widely and honor- 
ably known in several counties of the state, 
and a number of the family have been and 
are connected with the City of Indianap- 
olis. 

Of the older generation one of the last 
survivors wan the late Austin B. Gates, 
who died at his home in Indianapolis Feb- 
ruary 1, 1909. Throughout a long and 
active career he was identified with many 
branches of the livestock industrv and was 
best known to Indianapolis people through 
having founded a livery stable at Alabama 
and Wabash streets in 1864, an institution 
which he conducted until his death, for a 
perioil of forty-five years. 

His earliest aiiccst(»r of whom there is 
record was Josluia Gates, his grandfather, 
who lived and probably died in the State 
of New York. Tlie father of Austin H. 
(iates was Avery Gates, who was bom in 
New York State May 22, 1780. He mar- 
ried there Polly Toby, and early in the 
last eentury brought his wife and one child 
to the traekless wilderness of the West, 
traveling down the Ohio River on flat- 
l)oats. and about 1807 located on land near 
Connersville in Fayette County, Indiana. 
As the date in<licate8. he was there seven 
or eight years liefore Indiana was admitted 
to the Union and his home was in fact 
on the verv northern frontier of the then 
inhabited section of Indiana. Ilis children 
grew up in the midst of the wilderness 
filled with wild game and Indian neigh- 
l)ors. Avrrv Gates was a farmer and stock- 
man and also operate<i a sawmill in Fay- 
ette County. lie died January 4. 1?^65. 
and his widow on September 9. 1S73. They 
had R4»ven chihlren : Telina. who was l>orn 
in New York State and came west with her 
parents in infaney : Avery B.. who was 
the first child iHirn in Indiana, the date 
of his birth lM»ing January 14. 180S; 
Luiann; Kineline; Caroline: .\lfre<l H., 
who was born Novenilier 1-^ 1*^2*^. and con- 
cerning whom and his branch of the Gates 
family more particulars will be found on 
other pagf*s of this publication; aiul 
.Austin H. 

Austin B. (fates, the youngest of his 



father's family, was bom near Conners- 
ville, on a farm in Fayette County, July 
22, 1825. That he was of most hardy 
and long lived stock is indicated by the 
fact that he and all the other children 
were close to or past the age of four score 
when they died. He lived with his parents 
until after his marriage, attended sub- 
siTiption schools in the count r}% worked on 
the farm and also helped his father in 
the operation of the sawmill. In early 
manhood he carried out a plan which he 
had carefully considered of groing to Iowa, 
which in the meantime had become the 
western frontier, and there bought up 
cattle and drove them on the hoof to Cin- 
cinnati to market. These early activities 
as a cattle drover gave him his start in 
life. During the Civil war period the old 
homestead was sold and the family re- 
moved to Dublin, Indiana. Rere Austin 
H. Gates, through his interest in livestock, 
established a livery business and operated 
a feed and sales bam. From there he re- 
moved to Indianapolis in 1864, and con- 
tinued the livery business as above stated. 
While the Civil war was in progress he also 
was a (Government contractor, buying up 
horses and mules all over the country-. 
Even into old age he continued operations 
as a livestock d^er. While at Dublin he 
had organized the firm of Gates & Pray, 
auctioneers, and this firm became widely 
known throughout the entire State of In- 
diana. 

Austin H. Gates is remembered as an 
exceedingly reserved man, quiet but firm, 
generous to a fault. He was slow to make 
up his mind but when once made up he 
was rarely moved from his objective. He 
was kind and just in his family, but held 
a firm, governing hand. He could not re- 
sist the importunities of the unfortunate, 
and this failing i*ost him the greater part 
of his wealth. Few men hail more friends 
than Austin B. Gates. 

()n February 10. Ifi63. at Dublin, In- 
diana, he niarrie<l Emily Thayer. She sur- 
vivcil hini and died in Indianapolis May 
14. 1911. They were the parents of six 
chihlren : Mamie E. : Frank, deceased: 
Freiierick E. ; Stella F., wife of Robert W. 
.Ionian : Anna, deeeased : and Ernest M. 

An active representative of the family 
in busineas affairs at Indiana]>olis today is 
Frederi«'k E. Ctates. who was l>oni at In- 
dianapolis Octol>er 6. 1866. He was edu- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1767 



eated in the public schools and when still 
a boy started out to make his own way in 
the world. His first employment was as a 
designer of tiles in the employ of the 
United States Encaustic Tile Works. The 
tile business in its various ramifications 
has been his chief line of work ever since. 
A thorough groundwork and experience 
was acquired in the six years he spent with 
the Encaustic Company. From that he 
Rtarteil for himself in the wood mantle and 
tile business, and on abandoning this he 
removed to Cincinnati, where for several 
years he was in the marble mosaic tile busi- 
ness. In 1898. returning to Indianapolis, 
Mr. Gates founded a new industry under 
his individual name, and in 1905 incor- 
porated the F. E. Gates Marble & Tile 
Company. In 1912 this company estab- 
lished at Brightwood the first and only 
marble mill in Indiana. It is a flourish- 
ing and distinctive industry. 

Mr. Gates is a republican, a Knight Tem- 
plar Mason, also a thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite Mason and is affiliated with 
Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. In 
August, 1888, he married Miss Belle M. 
Beatty, who died November 26. 1916, leav- 
ing three daughters, Grace E.. Dorothy W. 
and Emilv. 

I 

Charles E. Carter has been a resident 
of Anderson more than fifteen years, much 
of his time having been taken up by em- 
ployment with the industries of that city, 
but he is now the capable manager of the 
Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company store of 
the city. While this is one of hundreds of 
similar stores scattere<l throughout the 
country, exemplifying the standard meth- 
ods and merchandise of a business which 
has found favor with the American buy- 
ing public, it is also true that no small part 
of the success of the Anderson store is due 
to the personality and the ability of its 
manager. 

Mr. Carter was born at Hartford City, 
Indiana. October 3, 1875, a son of Isaac 
J. and Mary (Reynolds) Carter. He is of 
Scotch-Irish stock, but the family has been 
in America for many generations. Mr. 
Carter grew up as a farm boy and attended 
the public schools of Fairmont in Grant 
County. At the age of sixteen he went 
to work in a restaurant as a cook, and dur- 
ing his spare hours attendeil public school. 
He was with that restaurant four years. 



and then became a *' gatherer" in a glass 
factory at Converse, Indiana. His next job 
was in a tin plate mill at Elwood, Indiana, 
as * 'catcher," and that was his principal 
work for a period of fourteen years. The 
factories with which he was connected were 
part of the American Sheet Steel & Tin 
Plate Company, and in 1902 Mr. Carter 
moved to Anderson and went to work in 
the local mill of the corporation here. 

On leaving the mills he formed a part- 
nership with Joseph Sobell in the Sobell 
Furniture Company. At the end of two 
and a half years he sold out and started 
a eraftsman shop and did a successful 
business in manufacturing period and 
antique furniture. When he retired from 
that business a year and a half later he. 
became solicitor for the Atlantic and Pa- 
cific Tea Company, and from that in Sep- 
tember, 1916, was promoted to the man- 
agement of the Anderson busineaB. 

In 1899 Mr. Carter married Miss Pearl 
lichman, daughter of Samuel Lehman. 
Thev have two children, Virginia, bom in 
1900, and Cleon, bom in 1902. Mr. Car- 
ter is a republican and a member of the 
Christian Missionary Alliance. 

John H. Ryan, of Anderson, is one of 
the well equipped young business men who 
have tumed their faculties and energies to 
the comparatively new field created by the 
automobile industry. lie is proprietor of 
the Automoble Company of Anderson, and 
is the leading sales agent in that city and 
in eight adjoining townships of Madison 
County for the Maxwell car. Mr. Ryan is 
regarded as an expert in many lines of 
automobile manufacture and salesmanship, 
and went into the business with an equip- 
ment and training which would have made 
him successful in almost any other line of 
work which he had chosen. 

Mr. Ryan was born in Jackson Town- 
ship of Madison County October 3, 1887, 
and representing as he does one of the 
oldest pioneer families in that section of 
the state it is important that some of the 
record should be noted in this publication. 

He is descendant in the fifth generation 
from George Ryan, a native of Scotland, 
who on coming to America settled in 
Pennsylvania and followed his trade as a 
millwright until his death. The next gen- 
eration is represented by Davis Ryan, who 
was bom near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 



•1758 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and became an early settler in Ross County, 
Ohio, where he followed the same trade as 
his father. AI)out 1837 he moved to In- 
diana and established a home near Straw- 
town, where he liveil until his death, at the 
age of seventy-six. He married Mary l*eek, 
a native of Virginia and of (lerman an- 
cestry, whose parents were pioneers in 
Hamilton County, Indiana. John Kyan, 
grandfather of John H. Ryan of Anderson, 
was born in Ross County, Ohio, -March 
11, 1822, and was aliout tifti*en years of 
agi> when his parents ihovihI to Indiana. 
After reaching manho<Ml he movinl to Madi- 
son County and scrurcd a tract of heavily 
timlHMvd land, having to clear away a i)art 
of the woods in order to make room for 
his humble log house. He was one of the 
pioneer agriculturists of Madison County, 
whriv he lived until his death at the age 
of fifty -tive. lie nuirried 1-iovina Wise. 
Her family was especially conspicuous in 
the settlement and development of Jackson 
Township, and hvr father, Daniel WiseJ 
entered the lirst tract of Government land 
in tluit township. 

John 11. Ryan is a son of Noah and 
Samantha (\Vise» Ryan, who are still liv- 
ing on their old homestead in Jackson 
Township. Noah Ryan is one of the oldest 
native residents of ^ladison County, where 
he was lM)rn Octolwr 24, 1845, in the log 
house built by his parents in Jackson Town- 
ship. Though the <4)iN)rtunities for an 
etiucation during his youth were limiteil, 
he artpiired more than an average train- 
ing in the liM'al scIhniIs and academies, and 
for four yt»ars was a teacher. Aside tnmi 
that his chief aietivity has Ihhmi as a farmer, 
and since 1S7!* he has lived on one farm 
in Jackson Township. He marrieii De- 
cember 2. 18()1>, Samantha Wise, also a 
native of Jackson Township. 

The yonngest chibl and only s<»n of four 
children. John H. Ryan grew up in the 
rural surroundings of Jackson Township, 
attended the district schools then*, and in 
l*M)t) graduated from the Anderson High 
School. In llMi? he entered Purdue I'ni- 
versity, and made the m«fcst of his opportu- 
nitit^ ill that splentjid institution of learn- 
ing, from whi(*h he was graduate<l Bachelor 
of Sijence in 15M2. In the meantime fi»r 
four vears he had lH»4*n a.sMM*iatcd with his 
father under the name Ryan & Son in con- 
tracting for road building in Madison 
(Niuntv. Frtmi that business he turned 



his attention in the fall of 1913 to the auto- 
mobile industry, opening salesrooms as 
agent for the Maxwell cars at Anderson. 
In the spring of 1913 he built a well 
e<iuipped garage, known as the Auto Inn, 
but in January, 1917, sold this part of his 
business, and now concentrates his chief at- 
tention upon his sales agency at 1225 Me- 
ridian Street under the name Ryan Auto- 
mobile Company, of which he is sole pro- 
prietor. He is also a stockholder and di- 
rector in the Baker, Ryan & Coons Com- 
pany, general distributors of the Maxwell 
cars. 

In V,)V\ Mr. Ryan married Mary Aldred» 
of a well known family of farmers near 
La|K'l, Indiana, daughter of R. K. and 
Laura (Conrad) Aldred. They have one 
child, Margaret, lH)rn in 1915. Politically 
Mr. Ryan is an independent republican. 
His father is also a republican and cast his 
first vote for (ieiieral Grant. 

JiLirs AV. PixNFU.i., who became identi- 
tied with the luml^er business in Indiana 
thirty -five years ago and has since lieeome 
one of the InNt known men in the Held in 
that state, was recently honored with elec- 
tion as pn^sident of the Indiana Lumber- 
men's Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 
with head<|uarters at Indianapolis. 

He H'presents an old and pn>minent fam- 
ily of lioone County. Indiana. His father, 
James II. Pinnell. who died in 189.') at Le- 
banon in that county, was a native of Vir- 
ginia but when a small child was taken by 
his parents to Oldham County, Kentucky, 
and grew up on a Kentucky farm. His first 
wife was a Miss Wilhoit, who l»ore him six 
children. Farming was his early occupa- 
tion in Kentucky and in 1H56 he left that 
state and came to Indiana, l(H*ating in 
lioone CiMintv. There he resumed farm- 
ing. and as a side line lK)ught and became 
identities! with several bK*al enterprisea. 
He was one of the leading men of his day 
in BiM»nc County, active, intelligent, pro- 
tfn»ssive. and commander! everywhere he 
was known much rt»spect. He was su<'ee«»- 
ful in a business way. He was a democrat 
in |M)litii*s but was always too busy to seek 
or aspire to office. He is remembered by 
thoKC who knew him as a generous, chari- 
table ami public spirited citizen and an 
active mem!)er of the Chriatian Church. 
James H. Pinnell marrieii for his second 
wife Avaline ( Bramblett ) Higgins. By 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1759 



her first rnarriajfo she had two chihlron, 
Jihl^e H. S. Hi^tfiiiH, of Ix'hanon. Ituiiaua, 
and William L. Ili^iiis. of Indianapolis. 

JiiliuH W. Piiinelt, onlv child of his 
father ami riu)ther*s seeond niarriajrt*. wa-s 
Iwirn in H<M»ne County. Indiana. ()etol)er 
W, lsr>H. He jrrew np on a farm there, 
moved to I^ehanon in ISj^O. and sinee ISOS 
has hern a resident of Indianapolis. He 
is a pif»neer in the lumlN*r industry, haa 
tinani'ial int«Tests in thirt<M*n retail vards, 
and is aUo vire president of tht» First 
National Hank of Lehanon. director and 
^to<•kholder in the Citizens Loan and Trust 
Cdinpany of Lehanon. and still owns a larjfe 
farm near that city. 

As a l>ov he attended count rv schools 
and in 1S77 entered (»ld Ashurv. ihuv I)e- 
l*au\v. Tniversitv at (inM»ncastle. Ilis col- 
h»lft» career com; leteil, ht» enj^acred in 
country schools teaching: for four years, 
and when not in the schcw>I room in<lus- 
triously follower! farming. In ISSO In* 
went to work as a I'lerk for his half hn)ther. 
W. L. IIit?(?ins. who was then a irrain mer- 
chant and also had a hnnln^r yard at lA'h- 
anon. 

At the time of Mr. PinnelTs election 
hs president of the Indiana Lumhennen's 
Mutual Fin» Insurance Company the St. 
Louis Luml>erman puhlished an interesting? 
sketch of his career and as it is a jr^xni de- 
scription of the exptTiences which made 
him a l>i>? factor in the luml)er husiness of 
the state the followincr paragraphs are suh- 
joiniii as a part of the presiMit article: 

*'Mr. IIit?Ki"^ diHi>osed of his elevator 
and jrrain husiness in Aujnist. 1882. and 
indueetl Mr. Pinnell to take over the lumher 
husiness. the stoek of which invoiee^l fifteen 
hundreil dollars. Mr. Pinnell posH€*sse<l five 
hundre<i dollars, earned as a sehool teaeher, 
to apply on the purchase. There was ver>' 
little pine lumber sold in that neijrhbor- 
hoo<l when Mr. Pinnell entere<l the husi- 
ness. Boone County l>eintr heavily tim!>ered 
with such hard woo<ls as poplar, oak. ash 
and walnut. an«l these native luml)ers ae- 
<M»rdinirlv were used alm«>st exclusively ex- 
cept for shinirles. sash and doors. Mr. Pin- 
nell applietl liimself to the luml>er business 
with the same enerpy that he applie<1 to 
teaehinir seho<»l and runnintr the prain husi- 
ness. He did all the work himself an<l at 
tlie end of the first vear ha<I sold ten thou- 
sand ilollars worth of stock. He pnM*ee<Ie<l 
at once to make im{)rovements in his yanls 



and shells and to put thin^ in order for 
the extension of his husiness on a more 
modern hasis. It was hard work hut he 
stuck to it. although at times he )KH*ame 
so weary of the loa«i he was carrying? that 
he was I rompted to throw up his hands 
and po hack to the farm. 

**In the town at that time there was a 
lar$re planin^r mill which did all kinds of 
planing mill work and in addition earried 
a general sto<'k of huildint; material, and 
the ouncr-s enjoyed a lar^re prestige by rea- 
son <»f their facilities. Mr. Pinnell was 
(piick to see that in order to keep pace with 
his coinp(»titors he would have to po and 
do likewise. lie ai'cordinjjly secured power 
from a machine shop and installed sueh 
phiiiinL' mill machinerv as his seantv means 
enabled him to do. His business immedi- 
ately beiran to j^row and he added to his 
machine <'<|ui|)ment fnun time to time. 
Later his income justified him in building? 
a small jdaninj? mill. an<l as the years went 
i>y it was increased in size an<l capaeity 
until finally the output included interior 
finish, veneered (hM>rs, etc. While other 
yard men and retailers looke<l with dis- 
fav(»r u; on the planing* mill proposition, 
Mr. Pinnell considered it one of his most 
valuable assets in increasini? the volume 
of his business and also found it a eon- 
siderable source of profit. The business 
prew with the passing years and he found 
manv imitators in the countrv round about. 

**Mr. Pinnell s«MMireil as his assistanta 
the very l>est men possible to lye had in the 
several departments of the plant, and their 
industrv and fidelitv were rewarded bv 
jrivintr them an interest and participation 
in the profits of the company. As a result 
of this his business jn"ow and prospered 
continuously and he sueceedwl in Cather- 
ine al>out him a corps of lieutenants seeond 
to none in the state of Indiana. These 
men developed alonjr with himself, most of 
them beeominjr eitizens of standintr and 
I resti>?e l>oth financiallv and morally in 
the communitv in which thev live. Some 
of them are now direetors of banks and 
trust companies and are fillin^r places of 
honor in the cities and eommunities where 
they reside. While Mr. Pinnell is proud 
of his success as a lumberman and 
financier, he is more than proud of the 
records made by the men who have been 
assiK'iateil with him, two of whom have 
held |>osition8 as postmasters in presiden- 



1760 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



tial offices paying large salaries, one of 
them becoming mayor of the town in which 
he lived and others occupying positions of 
high honor and trust. 

**As president of the Indiana Lumber- 
man's Mutual Fire Insurance Company 
J. W. Pinnell will bring to its administra- 
tion the large fund of valuable experience 
which he has had during his many years 
in connection with the lumber business 
and with the financial institutions of Leb- 
anon and the country' round about/' 

The Indiana Lumbermen's Insurance 
Company was organized in 1897 as a mu- 
tual company, primarily for the benefit 
and service of Indiana retail lumber deal- 
ers. It was founded as a protection and a 
saving against the arbitrary and high rates 
for indemnity by board companies. For 
several years the business was conducted 
on the original plan, adhering to a local 
and intra-state business, but its success at- 
tracted outside attention, and gradually the 
business grew until today policy holders 
are founcl in every state of the Union and 
also in Canada. In fact the company's 
business in Indiana is only a little more 
than a tenth of the total volume. It is a 
strictly mutual company, every policy 
holder being a stockholder and getting 
insurance absolutely at cost. Its manage- 
ment has always been entrusted to repre- 
sentatives and successful lumbermen. The 
company had been in existence five years 
before its gross assets passed the $100,000 
mark, but during the last dozen years 
these assets have motuited rapidly, passing 
the $1,000,000 mark in 1912 and at present 
more than $2,000,000. Mr. J. W. Pinnell 
has had an active part in this business from 
the Wginning, lieing elected vice president 
when the company was organized, and re- 
maining in that office until elected pres- 
ident in 1916. 

Mr. Pinnell is a deincMTat and a meml)er 
of the Metho<list Epis4»opal Chun'h. In 
NovciuImt, 1879. he married Miss Mary E. 
Lewis, daughter of Harvey I^wis. The 
Lewis family live<l on a farm adjoining 
that of the Pinnells in Hm»ne Comity. The 
four living children of Mr. and Mrs. Pin- 
nell are: Mary L., wife of Dr. N. P. (Jra- 
ham ; William Ormal: James Victor; and 
Hcrl)ert. 

Ixnis W. CiRNKFEX, Irres|Mvtivi* of 
0(»mmercial ratings the most successful men 



in the world are those who early or late 
fix their purpose upon a definite goal and 
strive unrelenting and with no heed to 
sacrifice of effort and personal ease to at- 
tain that goal. In other words, they know 
where they are going and they go steadily 
in one direction without wavering or fal- 
tering. 

It is this quality of steadfastness and 
purposeful energy which distinguishes 
Louis W. Camefix as one of the successful 
business men of Indianapolis. He was bom 
in Bedford County, Virginia, in 1880, a 
son of Charles and Sallie (Panel) Camefix, 
natives of the same state. He was or- 
phaned at an early age, his mother dying 
when he was only five years old and he 
was the oldest of three children. Thus it 
befell that he could make no practical ac- 
count of the old and prominent family an- 
cestry which he j)08sesses. The Camefix 
family is of French Huguenot origin, and 
for a number of generations they have lived 
in Virginia and have been socially promi- 
nent there. 

After the death of his mother Mr. Came- 
fix was reared in the home of his grand- 
parents, but only until he was twelve years 
of age. when he started out to cam money 
of his own. 

In 1892 Louis W. Camefix came to 
Middletown, Henry County, Indiana, De- 
spite his youthful age he had the spirit of 
self reliance and independence, sought no 
favors anywhere, and was willing and glad 
to earn his living by hard work on the 
farm. From that time until he became 
established in business for himself he knew 
nothing but hard work, and his environ- 
ment during those years was a truly rigor- 
ous one. What schooling he could he ob- 
tained from the countr>' schools, and in 
1905, at the age of twenty-five he came to 
Indianapolis a young married man, with a 
cash capital of only $18. Here he entered 
the Indianapolis College of Pharmacy. He 
had to earn the money for his tuition and 
to ke«*p his family, and in the light of those 
facts it is remarkable that his studies were 
pursued with such intensity that when he 
graduated Ph. (i. with the class of 1906 he 
st<MKl s4*<»ond among his fellows, who con- 
stitutc<l a numerous class. This was an in- 
tending honor, and one touched with real 
distinction, since it was given one who had 
no preliminar>' adequate education and was 




•^-t't-t^ yll/) (^-d-'i^t^L.c^^-yL. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1761 



handicapped by the necessity of paying his 
own way by labor while attending school. 

Within a year or so Mr. Cameftx was 
able to start in business for himself as a 
druggist, locating in West Indianapolis, 
first on Ray Street and later at his present 
location on River Avenue. Here he has 
built up a fine business and has the com- 
plete confidence and respect of his patrons, 
and is a business man of the very highest 
rating in commercial circles. 

In the fall of 1917 Mr. Carnefix became 
a candidate for member of the Indianapolis 
City Council on the republican ticket. He 
was elected, and upon taking his scat in the 
boily in Januar>', 1918, was unanimously, 
and without previous opposition, elected 
president of the C^ouncil. Such an honor 
has never befallen anv member of that 
\hh\}\ and is the more significant l)ecausc 
it was bestowed upon a young man who is 
in no Hcn.se a politician and has built up 
no organization behind him, and is in office 
solely through the confidence and good 
will of the people. Mr. Carncfix has many 
loyal friends in Indianapolis, as the al)ove 
facts would indicate. He is prominent in 
fraternal affairs, being a past noble grand 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
past master of Indianapolis I^ge No. 669, 
Free and Accepted Mason.s, is a thirty-sec- 
ond degree Scottish Rite Mason, and a 
Noble of Murat Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine. lie and his wife are members of 
Robert Park Mcthmlist Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Camefix marritnl in Henry (^ounty, 
Indiana, Miss Mamie Cummins, of that 
county. Their three children are Thelma, 
Virginia and Louis W., Jr. 

James Alexander Hemenway, a former 
United States senator, was born in Boon- 
ville, Indiana, March 8. 1860. a son of 
William and Sarah (Clelland) Hemenway. 
He gained his admission to the bar in 1885, 
and has since practiced law at Brookville. 
He has served as a prosecuting attorney, 
as a republican state committeeman, as a 
congressman, and on the 18th of January, 
1905, was elected a United States senator 
for the unexpired term of Charles W. Fair- 
banks. 

Ciiari.es E. IlAYFiJ. In the field of motor 
manufacturing men and finns engaging in 
this business have to meet great competi- 
tion, and this ne<y»ssitatcs the highest degree 



of perfection attainable in products in 
order to make investments profitable. The 
motors that measure highmt in general effi- 
ciency, those that are as correct in mech- 
anism as they are simple, are sufficiently 
varied as to the demands to be made on 
them, and that are dependable in perform- 
ance under all circumstances naturally fill 
the requirements of the public, and such 
motors are manufactured at Anderson, In- 
diana, by the company operating as the 
laurel Motors Corporation, of which 
Charles K. Hayes, an experienced man in 
the business, is general manager. 

Charles E, Hayes was born at Marlboro, 
Massachusett.s, in 1872. His parents were 
Patrick and Anastasia (Delaney) Hayes, 
both now dccease<l. The father was bom 
in County Tippcrary and the mother in 
County Kilkenny. Ireland. After coming 
to the United States they lived at Marlboro, 
where they were known as the most worthy 
people and faithful members of the Cath- 
olic Church. They were not possessed of 
abundant means but were able to keep their 
son Charles E. in school until he was six- 
teen years of age and had been graduated 
from the high school. He started then to 
work in a shoe factory, later was connected 
with a clothing house in Marlboro, and 
as he was pnident as well as efficient he 
later, when the opportunity came to buy 
the clothing store, had the capital necessary 
to make the investment. He conducted that 
business profitably for six years and then 
sold in order to enter a wider business 
field. He then established a brokerage busi- 
ness in Boston, and for nine years sold on 
the curb, meeting with success in this ven- 
ture because of his extraordinary business 
ability. In the meanwhile he had become 
interesteil, as a keen business man will, in 
different directions and learned the auto- 
mobile business, not only from the out- 
side but in a practical way. He had con- 
siderable experience prior to becoming sales 
agent (general) for the Pilot Car Sales 
Company, where he had entire charge of 
the output. During this time a car was 
built on his specifications and it was so 
satisfactory- that he decided to go into the 
business of manufacturing small pleasure 
cars, and with this end in view organized 
the Laurel Motor Car Company. Changes 
have come about incident to the expansion 
of the earliest plans and increase of capital 
and the business is now conducted as the 



1 762 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



laurel Motors Corporation of Anderson, 
In(iiana. A now factory building has jast 
l)een conipletwl and the business has !)een 
incorporated with a capital of $2,000,000. 
They also manufacture certain patented 
devices, indudinj? sixtiH?n valve cylinder 
heads for <ra.s4)]inc motors, and will also 
buihl sixteen valve motors complete. Mr. 
Hayes is ^rencrai manager of this entire 
business, in which he is a stockholder and 
a director. 

Mr. Ilavcs was married in 1IM4 to Miss 
Kathcrinc K. lirocrman. who is a daughter 
of Hcnrv and Marv ( Knj^lcbcrt » BnH»r- 
man. Thev arc mcnibcrs of the ('athf»lic 
(*hureh, and through its many avenues of 
bencvolenc«» both Mr. and Mrs. Haves di.s- 
j»ense charity. 

Mr. Hayes ha^ been interested in politics 
since early manhood, believing that it has 
its rMMM»vsarv pla<-e in everv svstem of irov- 
ernment. and b«»eause of his public spirit 
and sound business convietions he was 
elected a member of the Citv Council of 

MarllM»ro, Massaebus<»tts, when but twentv- 

• 

one years <ild. In the following years he 
was cltM'tetl a member of the Iwiard of alder- 
men, ami he is able to recall with satis- 
fai'tion the substantial measures that he 
successfully promoted for the l)enefit of the 
citv durint; Ins oftieial terms there. liater 
he was elected a meml>er (»f the DemoiTatie 
State Central Committee, and .serve<l one 
year. 

C\RL F. Morrow. For a half dozen 
years or more th«» name Morrow has 
been one of increasing prominence in the 
Ma<lison Count v bar. Mr. Morn>w's abil- 
ities have gained him a large clientele in 
all branches of practice at Anderson, and 
he has also enjoyisi his share of |>olitieal 
honors and n*s|Minsibilities. At this writ- 
inir he is n'|>ubliean candidate for mayor 
of the city and twice he tignnNi in cam- 
paigns for the oftiee of pros<»euting attor- 
nev. 

His sei-ure |>osition in a learne<l profes- 
sion has eomi' as a n»sult of a long and 
steady climb and the puttinir forth of 
stn^nuous efforts fnim hoyho<Ml. Mr. Mor- 
row was lM>rn on a farm in Hrown Town- 
ship of Hif>lev Comity. The old home- 
stead was twelve miles from a railroad. 
The Morrows are of Irish stock, and the 
family was establishe<l in America in \K\2 
by liis grandfather. William Morrow, who 



came from County Kilkenny, Ireland, and 
ae(iuireii a tract of Ooveniment land in 
Southern Indiana. This land, comprising 
forty acres, was located in Switzerland 
County, and he made vigorous u.so of his 
energies and his opportunities in develop- 
ing a g(KKi home there. 

Carl F. Morrow is the third in a family 
of ten children of A. J. and Emeline 
(Jolly) Morrow. His father was the 
youngt^t of ten children, and his mother 
the oldest in a similar numl>er. Emeline 
Jolly was of Penn.sylvania Dutch and Cava- 
lier Virginia ancestry. A. J. Morrow is 
still living aiui occupies a farm in Ripley 
County. This farm during the Civil war 
was raided by Morgan's cavalry, and all 
the horses were taken away. 

When Carl Morrow was ten years of 
age his mother died, and he grew to man- 
IhmmI in a rural community where there 
were few opportunities and where the 
struggle for existence was a strenuous one. 
His and)ition and ta.stes led him to .studious 
piirsuits, but he had to read and study 
his lesscms in the intervals of work on the 
farm. Many times he read his lK)ok8 by 
the light of the fire place and also by il- 
lumination furnishe<l by grease lamps. He 
developed a good physi(|ue among other 
things by helping his father clear and put 
into cultivation some twenty acres of land. 
This stn^nuous routine eontinueil until he 
was alNiut nineteen years of age, and later, 
in 1901. he entered the Marion Nonnal 
School at Marion, Indiana, where for three 
years he pursued the normal course and 
re<*eived his diploma. In the meantime 
he taught a term or so of winter school in 
Riplev Ccnmtv. and fnmi 19aS to 19ai 
continued teaching in the t^ountry districts 
of that county. In the latter year he 
entered the Cniversity of Michigan in the 
law department, and reeeive<l his LL. B. 
degree in 1908. lie did not immediately 
take up practice, but for two years traveled 
iui the road as salesman. This businesa 
gave him some valuable experience and 
also enabled hiu) to Mive the small sum 
which he used as capital while establishing 
himself in law practice at Anderson. He 
o|>en<'fI his oflic*e in that city in June. 1910, 
and has since conducted a general praetiee 
in all the courts. 

In 1012 Mr. Morrow married Bertha 
Hyatt, daughter of (^orydon and Kmeline 
( kennan ) Ilvatt. of Anderson. They have 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1763 



one dauwrhter, Virpiiiia Eineliiic, lM)rn Juno 
2H. VJVi. 

Mr. .Mi»rn>w has always U^en an inter- 
t^stnl parlifipant in n*|>ul»li<*an politics. lie 
WHS t*l«»ftr<l township eliairinan of the Re- 
puhliran Township Coniniittee, serving? 
from 1!H2 ti» lUH. In 1914 he was randi- 
<lati* for prose*'Utin>f attorney in the Fif- 
tieth .)u(Ii<'ial District, and went «h»wn to 
di»ft'at with the ri»st nf th«' ti<*kot in that 
vcar. In 1!M6 hr was eandidate for n(»nii- 

• 

nation for tht» siiiiie otVn'e. On Marrh ItJ. 
1!M7. ht» was nominated for nniyor. thi'rr 
U»in<r tivo othrr rivals for that nfWrv in 
tlu' rt'puliliran primaries, and In* rrroivi'd 
nion- \ot('s than all thf n'st jnit toi:fther. 
.Mr. Morrow was aftiliat«Ml with th«' i»fn»'v- 
oltMit and Prote<*tive Onler of Klks, th<» 
Kniifhts of I*\-thias. and tin' Loval Orth'r 
of MiNisr. and has tilleti all the f'hairs in the 
last nam«»d fraternity. His chnn'h is the 
First Methtnlist Kpiseopal. 

K\R!. IU:RKKiin,F:. Ainonf? thi* enerjretif 
and su<'(M»ssfid eitizens of Anders<»!i mmv 
is lH»ttt»r known than Karl IVrkehile, who 
roniiiii; to that rity as a Imiv eompleted his 
edn<*ati<»n there, went to work as <*h»rk for 
a sh<H» merrliant. and by study ami prartiee 
in tin' l»usint»ss and thf prradual ae<*umula- 
tion of capital tinally launehed out in an 
••ntf»rj>ris4» of his own and is today one of 
thr lt*adin>r shoe merchants in the eastern 
part of the state. 

.Mr. M«»rkehile was Uirn at the City of 
Johnstown. IVnnsylvania, January *il, 
1875. AlMMit fourteen years after his birth 
that citv was destroyed in the calamitous 
f\iHH\ which ha.s lKH»n one of the ep<H*haI 
disiisters of American history. However, 
in the meantime his parents, David A. 
and Lucy (Ferner» Herke!>ile. had removed 
to Anderson, eominj? to this city about the 
time Anderson attracteti attention as a 
nuinnfacturiu)? center due to the diseovery 
of the natural tras area of Ka.stern Indiana. 
The Herkebiles are of old American stock 
ami have lived in America for a numlH*r 
of frcnerations. 

Karl Merkebile aivpiired his early e<Iu- 
cati<in in the public M>hools of Johnstown 
and attende<l the public schools of Ander- 
son until he was eijrhteen years of a^fo. 
At that time his father ditMl and necessity 
forced him out to lHHH)me a wafre worker 
and wairc carrier. His tirst position was with 
C. W. Prather, a veteran shoe merchant 



of Anderson. He spent ten years in his 
store, and in tliat time acquired a thonnigh 
knowletif^e of every branch of the shoe busl- 
ines and also developed special qualities 
of sal4*snninship. Following that for tive 
yi»ars he was sah^sman for J. F. Fadley, 
and then. poss«»ssinj^ every qualification 
that i»xpcrience could lH»stow and with some 
capital which represented his modest sav- 
inirs, he en^a^zed in business for himstdf 
with .Mr. K. W Prather as a partner. The 
firm of Prather iJt Herkebile establishetl 
tiM'ir ^tore <»n the north side of the Public 
Square at Antlerson. and they did a flour- 
ishing' bnsincs.s for tiv<' years. In 11*11 
.Mr. Herkebile Hohl his int4»r(»sts and soon 
afterward established a business of his own 
at 1011 .Mi'ridian Street, where he has since 
d<'v«*lop«'d what is today re>;arded as the 
buLN'^-t store of th«» kiihi in the city. He 
makes a spc^'ialty of hiuh ^rrade f(K)twear, 
hamlles onlv the In^st qualitv of merchan- 
dise snp|>lie<l by some of the leading man- 
ufa«tnrers of the countrv. and has devei- 
oped a trade that now comes from a 
countrv manv miles in a radius around 
Anders<»n. Mr. Herkebile while not a 
farmer owns 160 aen»s of land near Pendle- 
ton, and this |)lace is conducted by a renter. 

In 1!MK) ln» married Miss Klsie Barrett, 
dauj^hter of Isaac Harnett, a well known 
farmer near Pendleton. Two children have 
been born to their marriajre, Helen. lH>rn 
in \WA. and (Jeor^e, Inirn in 1904. 

Mr. Ii<»rkebile has taken an active in- 
terest in Mas<»nrv, was master in 1899 of 
Mount Moriah lx>d>fe. Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons, is past hiprh pri«*8t of 
his Royal Arch Chapter, and is past em- 
inent commander of the Knights Templar. 
He is treasurer of Onon(?a Tribe of the 
Impmvcd Order of Re<i Men, is a repub- 
lican, in politics, an active member of the 
Anderson (*haml)er of Commerce, and a 
trustee of the Frst Methodi.st Kpi.seopal 
Church. 

R. A. Zkuji.kr. One of the enterprisinjf 
business men of Anderson, In<liana, who 
tills the important office of manafrer of the 
Madi.son Divi.sion of the Ontral Indiana 
(fas Company with the prreatest efficiency, 
is R. A. Zeijfler, who has l>een intimately 
as.sociated with oil and jras interests sinee 
!H)y bcMHi, his father havinf? !)een likewise 
intereste<l for many years. Mr. Zei^ler haa 
)>een a resident of Anderson since January, 



1764 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1914, and has proven himself a pablic 
spirited citizen and a welcome addition to 
the city's business and social circles. 

R. A. Zeigler was bom in 1879, at Emlen- 
ton, Pennsylvania, and is a son of H. C. 
and Harriet J. (Perrine) Zeigler. This 
branch of the 2#eigler family has belonged 
to America for generations. H. C. Zeigler 
has practically spent his life as an oil and 
gas producer, operating in the Pennsyl- 
vania, Ohio, Indiana and Oklahoma fields 
and at present is operating at Tulsa, in 
Oklahoma. He is well known in the busi- 
ness all over the country, and as his ex- 
perience has been so wide he is somewhat 
of an authority. 

During boyhood R. A. Zeigler attended 
the public schools at Sandy Lake in Mercer 
County, Pennsylvania, later had high school 
advantages at Montpelier, Indiana, and 
subsequently attended the Pennsylvania 
State Normal School at Slippery Roi»k. Al- 
though thoroughly prepared for profes- 
sional life, Mr. Zeigler decided upon a busi- 
ness career and his nearest opportunity was 
found in the oil fields, f^or three years 
he wa.s a pumper at Montpelier in the great 
Indiana oil fields, where for a time it 
seemed as if every owner of land in the 
county would ultimately be able to count 
his millions. It is needless to add that 
all the dreams of wealth did not come true, 
but oil production was great for a time and 
many fields are yet profitably operated by 
the Standard Oil Company. 

In 1898 Mr. Zeigler came to Muncie, 
Indiana, and became connected with the 
Heat, Light & Power Company of that 
city, and six years later he became secre- 
tar>' of this company, with which he con- 
tinued until 1910, and then also became 
auditor for the Central Indiana flas Com- 
pany and filled both offices until 1914. In 
Januar>- of this year he came to Anderson 
and took charge as manager of the Madison 
Division of the Central Indiana, to the 
duties of which office he has given his en- 
tire time ever since. 

In 19(X) Mr. Zeigler was married to Miss 
Ethel Dawson, of Wells (^ountv, Indiana, 
and they have two children: Claude Daw- 
son, who was l>orii in 19<)3. and Helen 
Jane, who was l)om in 1905. 

In his political affiliations, Mr. Zeigler 
has always l)een a republican and consiih 
tently has worked for the success of his 



party, but with no desire for any political 
favors for himself. He belongs to the 
Masonic Lodge at Anderson and also to the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He is a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church, is liberal in his charities and is a 
valued member of the Anderson Chamber 
of Commerce. 

George McFall has spent his life in In- 
diana, for a number of years followed farm- 
ing and a mechanical trade, but for the 
past fifteen years has been proprietor of 
one of the leading jewelry stores at Ander- 
son. 

Mr. McFall was bom on a farm in De- 
catur County, in Sand Creek Township, 
February 5. 1866, son of John H. and Jane 
(Keeley) McFall. He is of Irish ancestry, 
but the McFalls have been in this country 
for a number of generations, first settling 
in Virginia. John H. McFall was bom 
in 1817, was a brick mason by trade, fol- 
lowed that occupation in Indianapolis for 
a number of years, and in 1861 moved to 
a farm in Decatur County. 

Seventh in a family of ten children. 
George McFall grew up on a farm, and 
being a member of a numerous household 
he had to work early and late and got only 
the ordinary advantages of a country 
school. At fourteen he left school alto- 
gether and spent several years learning 
the stone cutter's trade. He followed that 
occupation and was also a farmer on the 
old homestead for his mother. In 1903 
Mr. McFall moved to Anderson and estab- 
lished a jewelr>' store on West Eleventh 
Street. A year later he moved to his pres- 
ent location at 918 Main Street, and has 
developed a very satisfactory* business. Be- 
sides his interests as a merchant at Ander- 
son Mr. McFall owns farm lands. He has 
been ver>' active in the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows with Ix)dge No. 131, in 
which he has filled all the chairs and was 
a member of the Grand Ix>dge in 1894. He 
is a member of the United Brethren 
Church and a democratic voter. 

In 1901 Mr. McFall married Sarah C. 
Ponsler, of Jennings County, Indiana. 
They are the parents of seven children: 
Alta. l)om in 1902; Ix)ttie, bom in 1904; 
Bertha, bom in 1906 : I^atha. bom in 1908 ; 
George H., born in 1911: Hester, bom in 
1913; and May, bom in 1915. 




:) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1765 



F. E. Hart has lieoii in the ilruB busi- 
iit'sH ill Iiidiaiia fur thirty yeani or more 
aiul is now pniprit'tor of perhaps tlie larg- 
t*st anil lH*st e'|uippt*«i establish luent of the 
kind in the City of Anilerson. 

Mr. Hart is of Kn^lish parentaf^e ami 
was lM»rn near Kankakee, Illinois, in 1^64. 
son of Ksjiii an«l Julia i Cooke.) Hart. Hoth 
his fill her muX nu>ther were naitivi*s <if Kn;r- 
hind. his father of Herefordshire and his 
mother of Woreestershire, The families for 
many jrenerations have In-en principally en- 
traKt^d in mercantile pursuits. Ksau Hart 
was juM twenty -one years of aire when he 
came to America and settled in Illinois, 
where he look up the viH'ation of a(rri«*ul- 
ture. 

Mr. F. K. Hart atten«led eommon s«ho«»ls 
in Illinois anil aUo hiirh srIuNil at Kemin^r- 
ton. Indiana. He wiis only tift<vn y«»ars 
of a^e when he ht^^an work and acquireil 
his first experience of the drujr business 
in a dru*r store at Hemin^ton. He spent 
three years there learning? the business, and 
after that for two and a half years was 
presiTiption clerk in a store at Mattoon, 
Illinois. On returnini; to Remin^on he 
n^sumed connection with his former em- 
plover f«»r two \ears. ami in \SSH \u' ac- 
<|uin'd a half intenM in a drup store at 
\Vii|iM>t!. Indiana, which was conducted for 
l\Mi ,\i*ars under t)it> name Uri^i^^ & Hart. 
Mr. Hart then l»ci«aiu#» solf proprietor and 
was tiDi* iif the li*adin*r business men ami 
nicnhants of Wulmtt until 1IM4. In that 
vear he siild his store and mov(>d to the 
larirer •*ily of Anderson, where he iMUitrht 
the old estaldished drup hous«» of K. E. 
Kthcll at the corner of Ki^ht and Meridian 
streets, practically in the heart of the busi- 
ness ilis!ri<'l. He has a lar^re and well 
stocked store, handles a complete lim» of 
pure <lruirs. and liesides the usual dru^irist 
sundries lie spc«>iali/cH in wall paper, which 
is the principal item of his annual trade. 

Mr. Hart has prosper«Ml in a busin«*ss 
way, owns farm n»al estate and oth«*r in- 
terests and is a stiM'kh*»Mer in the State 
Rank of W«ib'ott. Indiana. 

In isss }),! niarricd Horothv Morris, 
daughter of J. K. and Sarah ' Davis • Mor- 
ris, of Mailison rnuiitv. Indiana. Thcv 
have t\^o eliildrcn. IlaroliI If.. Nirn in 1>JM. 
and Frank M«^rris. iNirn in 1**!>S. ilie latter 
now assiH'iated in business with his father. 
Harold H. LTaduated fnnn the Woleott 
Hiirh Si-hoiil. vpt»nT twu years in Wabash 



('ollein*, where he did much .spe<*ial work 
in chemistry, and then entered the Ohio 
Northern I'niversity at Ada, where he pur- 
sueii the pharmacy eoursi* and graduated 
in 11H)3. He aequinsi a practical knuwl- 
nl^e of the dnij? busin«'ss under his father. 
He is now in France and hits been for eij^ht 
months siT^eant of the first class in Am- 
bulance Company No. 3 with the Fniteil 
States Army. Mr. Hart is a republican 
in politics. 

John- C. I*i:ri(V is one of the few active 
survivors of the pioneer wholesale mer- 
chjint.s of Indianapolis. While his bu.sinesA 
activiti«»s have <*ontinued into the mo^lern 
era. Mr. Perry b«>Ionirs with that ^roup 
of Inisincss men wlio upheld the prestige 
and developed the resnurci»s of the eity 
during the middle period of its history, 
from about I^Th) to ls<>n. Mr. Perry has 
lived in Indianapolis sinci* IS.').*), and his 
I'arlicst recollections of the city are of a 
town that was little more than a villajre 
and with the institutions of the state f^ov- 
ernm(*nt as still its chief source of pres- 
tijre. Mr. Perry has been one of the makers 
of modern Indianapolis, and has grown 
along with the city. With all his busine.s.s 
activity he has preserved an unassuming 
and unostciiTations nninm r. but his fine 
spirit of comradeship and his personal in- 
tegrity have brought him to a plact- of high 
honor in the eonununity. 

.Mr. Perry was Inirn at Paoli. a suburb 
of Philad'lphia. Pennsylvania. February 
L*l. \<\4. The Perrys have Iivi*d for many 
generations in America. The father. Arba 
I), perry, a native of Saratoga Tounty, 
New York, was a f*ontractor and died in 
1>^4:^ He married <*hristiana Hann. a na- 
tive of Knirland. wlio dietl in IS'JT. Of 
their three children John i\ was the secund 
and the oidy one now living. 

At the age of nine years by tlie tleath 
of his father he was left an orplian. From 
that time forward he was roared in the 
honte i»f an uncle by marriage on a farm 
in Hamilton <'f»nnty. Ohio. Those were 
years of strenuous occupation both of mind 
anil body, the duties of farm mingling 
will) an e\trenn*Iv li?iiiteil attt>ndance at 
s«'hool. He liecanie ilissatistied uith his 
farm environment and when about seven- 
teen years of age went to the Town of Har- 
rison. Ohio, where he learned the wood 
turner*s trade. It was the influenee of a 



1766 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



lK)yho(Ki friend that induced Mr. Perry to 
eome to Indianapolis in \H7h\. lie walked 
tlK» entire distance from Ohio, arriving 
here April 28, 185:^, without a dollar to 
his name. His first employment was at his 
trade with the firm of Sloan & IngersoU, 
a tirm that is still kindly rememlHTcd hy 
s(mie of the old settlers of Indianapolis. 
Later he workinl with Spiegel & Thoms. 
After several veal's of this emplovment at 
a trade Mr. Perry took the joh of porter 
in the wlu»lesale jrrocery house of Andrew 
or Andv Wallace. 

That was hard work, hut he used it as 
an opportunity to gain knowledge rapidly 
of the l)usineNS. and after a time in part- 
nership with (fcorgc L. Hittenh(mse he en- 
gaged in the retail gnwery husiness for 
himself on Washington Street near Dela- 
ware. This st<»re was soon in a fair way 
to prosperity. James Say lor Iwiught out 
the KittiMihouse interest, hut a short time 
after that Mr. Perry sold his share in the 
firm, and tlhMi w«*nt on the road as a trav- 
eling repn*s<«!itative for the wholesale gro- 
eerv estahlishment of K. H. Alvord & Com- 
pany. From that house he transferred his 
services to A4piilla J«»nes. another well 
known whnh>sal<' merchant of that day. 

Ahout lMi9 .Mr. Perry heeame as.s<H*iateil 
with James K. Rohertson of Shelhyville, 
and the two Inm^ht the Jones wholes^dc 
griM-rry house in Indianapolis. .Mr. Perry 
wa.s a fourth owner of the husiness. In 
order to secun* his share h«» Wf»nt in deht 
fi»r .+ 10. (KM) and ht»sidrs payinir \0*t inter- 
rst on the mo!u»v hv hard work he was ahh* 
to !i4|uiilatt* the principal and entire ohliga- 
tion within thnM* vears. After a time 
JMmt»s K. Hohertsnn was sneeee<lfd in the 
husiness l»y his son A. M. Holwrtson, hut 
alMMit 1*^72 .Mr. Perry iMiught the entire es- 
tahlisluneiit. Since then for a perimi of 
fortv-tive vears hi» has heen one i»f the most 
jroniin«nt tiirures in the v\holesjde irnK*ery 
circles i»f Imlianapolis. He is president of 
J. ( '. perry &. (*ompany. ln(*orpo rated, 
one <»f the honort'd titles in Indianapolis 
husiness atTairs. .Mr. Perrv has lM»en ^wr- 
••essfnl in a tinan^ial uav and hv careful 
ji? tent ion to details, invariahle courtesv to 
all. he has nuide his firm s«H*ure in standinir 
and piitronage. 

Mr. IVrry marri«»<l Katharine Hehstm*k. 
of Kenton. Ohio. Four I'hildren were Imihi 
to their nuirriage: li^'ttie. who dieii in e«rly 
childhiKxi; Katie, who die^l in infancy; 



Katie, second of the name, now widow of 
Ernest Morri.s, and her only daughter, 
Knid, is the wife of Walter Brown of the 
(Vntury Hiscuit Company; and AHm T., 
a resident of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
Mrs. Perry, the mother of these children, 
die<! in September, lifOl. 

Mr. Perry was one of the original or- 
ganizi*rs of the (\)lumhia (Muh. He has 
meml)ership in the Marion and Commer- 
cial clubs and in politi<*s is a republican. 

J. Otis Ad.vms, who was Ixirn at Amity, 
Indiana, July 8, 1851, has gaineii renown 
as an artist. He is a graduate of Wabash 
(*oIlege. studied art in this country and 
abroad and has made a sp(>cialty of land- 
scape painting. At the St. Ii<mis E.XjMwi- 
tion he was awardcil a bronze nie<lal, re- 
ceived honorable mention at the Interna- 
tional Kxhibition, Buenos Aires, HMO. and 
was awarded the Fine Arts Building prize, 
Chicago. 

Mr. Adams married Winifred Brady, of 
Muncie, Indiana. Their home is The Her- 
mitage. BnMikville. 

Fr\nk K. DkHurity. One of the ohlest 
and most honoretl names in Madison 
County fnmi pionwr times to the present 
has been that of Dellority. The home and 
business interests of the family have l)een 
chietiv c<»ntered around Elwoo<l. One of 
the familv, Charles C. Dellority. was 
ciHinty treasurer of Madison County fnnn 
18JIS to PKM), and his brother. Frank E. 
Dellority, is the [iresent county recorder. 

Frank E. Delloritv was lK)rn at Klwood 
January 15. 1875, a son of John W. and 
Jane OI<K»re » Dellority. The family is 
of .Scotch-Irish stiK'k. (Jrandfather James 
M. Dellority was lH»rn near Dover. IVla- 
ware. and came as an early settler to Madi- 
son County. Indiana, locating on the Imnks 
of White River. Bv trade he was a black- 
smith, later studie<l me<licine. and %vas one 
(»f the kindly ami skillful old d(M*tors who 
renilered l>enefirent service to many fam- 
ilies in his nei^hl>orhofMl. He was also an 
itin«Tant preacher. an<l was one of the 
founders of the MethfNlist Protestant 
(*hurch at EIwimnI. At one time he waa 
in the erain and general n)en*handise busi- 
n<>^s at Klw(»o«i. Iieing associated with his 
sons under the name J. M. Dellority & 
Sons. Jolin W. Dellority was reannl in 
Ma<lison (*ounty, and beHideii hia interents 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1767 



as a tnerrhant at Klwoo<i he owned some 
farm laruls and pursued an active eare<*r 
until hiH death in 18H1, at the early age 
uf forty years. 

Frank K. Dellority was the youngeMt in 
a family «)f eipht children, four of wh(mi 
jrrcw to maturity. The oldest son, William 
A., scrvcti as chief of the State Bo^ird of 
Accounts under (Jovernor Marshall. 

Frank K. Delloritv was six vears old 
when his father died. He attended the 
eoiiimnn sehools of liis native village and 
in IMM). at the ajre of fifteen, entered Pur- 
due rniversitv at La fa vet te, wliere he re- 
iiiaint*<i three years, taking the course in 
electrical engineering. He had many and 
varied husint^s experiences during his early 
vduth. For two vears he was in the employ 
nf a l(K'al gas company at Klwooil, he also 
iNMight ami sold horses, and for a time 
was a contractor. In 1900 he entereil the 
tire insurance business at KIwockI, and that 
business he has developed to large and 
generous proportions. He now represents 
twenty-six companies, including some of 
the oid(»st and largi^t organizations of the 
kin(i in the world. Mr. DcHoritv also 
owns (Considerable farm land. 

Since earlv manhiKxl his influence has 
gone in a helpful way to upbuilding and 
strengthening the <lemocratic organization 
in his liome eoinitv. For two vears he was 
ehairman of the DeouKTatic Central Com- 
iiiitliH'. but he was never disposed to put 
hiiiisrif in the wav of office. However, in 
May. VM'k he a<*eepted the jn^sition of 
rountv riM'ordcr tendered him bv the conn- 
ty commivsioners to till the unexpired 
tt»rm of K. V. !/<»«». His present term ex- 
pin»s in January, 191!). Mr. DcHoritv 
went alwiut his public busint^^s at Ander- 
"^on with much (»f the spirit which he put 
into his private business at K1wo<mI. Many 
years air^ he beeame eonvinced of the prin- 
ri;li» that a public official is a public serv- 
ant, and he put that principle into prac- 
tii*«». Anvone who is conversant with the 
cofiduct of the rec*»rder*s (»ffice has discov- 
ered its efliciency and the general thorough- 
n'»ss of t»vcrything done there. 

For ten vears Mr. Delloritv was see- 
retMrv of the Madison County Fair Asso- 
ciaition. He is an active fraternal man, 
l»«-intr affiliated with (^uincy I^xlire No. 30, 
.\n<'i«'nt Free and Accepted Masons. El- 
wjmmI Chapter .No. 109. Royal Arch Masons, 
Anderson Commandery No. 32, Knights 



Templar, and with the Indianapolis Con- 
sistory of the Scottish Rite. He has served 
as master of his Icxlge, high priest of his 
chapter, and is also past exalted ruler of 
Klwooii IxKlge No. 368, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Klks. He is a member 
of the Indiana Democratic Club. 

March 19, 1894, Mr. Delloritv married 
Miss Myrtle Clymer, of Elwood, daughter 
of Royal H. and Elizabeth (Hart) Clymer, 
ohl time residents of E1w(hk1. They have 
one w»n, RolK»rt Ij., l)orn in 1900. Mrs. 
DcHority has the distinction of l>eing the 
first woman to register as a voter in Sladi- 

son County. 

I 

11 ALiiKKT R. H \VK,<. An Anderson busi- 
ness man. president of Kimball & Hayes, 
Incrirporattnl, Mr. Hayes has had a career 
of varied activity in the drug business, 
and though a young man has gained a sat- 
isfying <legri»e of material prf*sperity and 
stands high in the esteem of local citizen- 
ship in his home city. 

He was born in Richland Township, Ran- 
dolph County. Indiana, on a farm, in 1880, 
son of William A. and Marietta (Hunt) 
Hayes. He is of English ancestry and his 
pcM»ple have been in this country for many 
generations. Some of the family were 
soldiers in the American Revolution. As 
a rule the principal activity as far back 
as the reconl L'oes has been agricultural 
jMirsuits. William A. Hayes, who died in 
VM'k was postmaster of Albany. Indiana, 
during 190S-()!>. and was a very influential 
republican in that section (»f the state. 

HallM*rt R. Haves as a lK)y attended the 
country schools of Albanv and Redkev, 
and graduated from the Albany High 
School. He also attende<l the pharmacy 
department of Valparais<» Cniversity and 
received bis I*h. it. degree when only nine- 
teen years of age. Having thus laid the 
foumlation of his pn»fessional e(|uipmcnt, 
Mr. Haves satisfied the natural desire of 
a young man for travel by spending seven 
years in difTerent parts of the West, Wash- 
ington. Oregon. Idaho and British Colum- 
bia, most of the time working at his pro- 
fession in the employ of difTerent concerns. 
For fotir years, fnmi 1904 to 1908. he 
served as a hospital steward with the 
Cnited States navy. His principal serv- 
ice was on the schooner Marblehead. 

Mr. Hayes earae to Anderson in W08. 
He was with J. C. Lee, druggist, one year, 



J 



1768 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



for several years was with the Anderson 
Drug Company and for two years was em- 
ployed by the Meyers Brothers Drug 
House. In 1914 he combined his modest 
capital with money supplied by Dr. H. C. 
Heaton and the firm of the Hayes-Heaton 
Drug Company was launched with a com- 
plete stock of goods at 1103 Meridian 
Street. A year later Mr. D. W. Kimball 
bought the Heaton interests, and thus the 
business of Kimball & Hayes Drug Com- 
pany was established and incorporated. 
Mr. Hayes has been president and active 
manager of the business, and under his 
skillful supervision one of the best stores 
of the kind in Anderson has l>cen devel- 
oped. 

Mr. Hayes married in 1910 Sadie M. 
Finney, daughter of John and Artie (Ro- 
miiie) Finney, of Anderson. Mr. Hayes 
is aftiliated with Anderson Lcnlge No. 209, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
is a member of the First Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and in politics is a repul>- 
lican. 

Frank W. Wkkr. The duration of the 
vitality of seeds has been a much discuss^nJ 
qu4^tion, mcxiern scientists not very gen- 
erally accepting as fact the tales of cen- 
turies-old seed that had been discovered 
in strange places yielding fine crops when 
brought to lijrht and sown. Motlem agri- 
cultural experience is also against it. It 
is recognized by farmers that one of the 
most important eliMuents in their success 
is goo<l seed in which the germinal prin- 
ciple is not only alive but full of vitality 
a!id vig«)nius as only fresh S4»e<! can l>e. 
A!i<l not only must it be fn^sh but care- 
fully sele<*ted. Any student of contem- 
porary liistory can re<'all <lisasters that 
have resulted in certain agricultural areas 
from the sowintr of witlely exploited see<l 
unknowinifly procured fnun irresponsible 
dealers. The farmers of Indiana and her 
sister states have no excuse if thev court 
such misfortune, for at Anderson throuirh 
an old and dependable businexs house, tliat 
of F. W. Weer. may be s«>rured piiaran- 
teeil farm s#vds that will fulfill every ex- 
pe«*tation. This feature has been made a 
specialty by Frank W. Weer ever since he 
l>e<'ame prf>prietor of the business Wariiur 
his name, which includes dealint? in gen- 
eral farm supplies and ajrricultural ifn- 
plements. 



Frank W. Weer was bom on a farm in 
Hendricks County, Indiana, August 21, 
1859. His parents were David and Mary 
A. (Paris) Weer. It was his grandfather, 
Elijah Weer, of Irish extraction, who es- 
tablished the family in Hendricks County, 
settling here on government land after the 
end of his ser\'ice in the War of 1812. He 
died during the forties, a man well known 
all over the county. David Weer was boni 
and reared in Hendricks County, a farmer 
by occupation. He enlisted for service in 
the Civil war, in the Sixty-Third Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, and was a brave 
soldier and faced many battle dangers but 
died of typhoid fever while at home on a 
furlough. He left two sons. 

Frank W. Weer attended the country 
schools in Washington Township, Hen- 
dricks County, in the winter seasons dur- 
ing lioyhood and early youth, and in the 
summer time worked on the home farm. 
When twenty years of age he took charge 
of the farm of eighty acres owned jointly 
by his brother and himself, and conducted 
it for two years. Mr. Weer then accepted 
the position of manager for the II. T. 
Conile Implement Company's branch house 
at riainfield, Indiana, where he continued 
for four years. In 1888 he came to An- 
denwm and in partnership with J. Almond, 
purchased an implement and seed busi- 
ness, conducted at ilr. Weer s present 
business Im^ation, Xo. 734 Main Street, un- 
der the firm style of Weer & Almond. This 
firm bought the business of Carrol & Han- 
nah, who had started it five months pre- 
viously. Subseijuently Mr. Almond sold 
his interest to Andrew Rlount, and for the 
next ten years the business was conducted 
under the name of Blount & Weer. 

In 1900 Mr. Weer bcmght Mr. Blount's 
interest and since then has bwn sole pro- 
prietor and has made many improvements. 
In 191f) he ere^'ted an entire new plant 
with superior facilities for warehousing 
and storage, and has developer! one of the 
uutsi extensive concents in his line in the 
country and has built up so trustworthy 
a reputation that he not only furnishes 
reliable see<ls to In<Iiana agriculturists but 
does an immense business in other states 
in general farm seeils, including clover and 
timothy. Ho also handles the bulk of the 
Io«*al implement trade and for nearly thirty 
yearn has been agent for the MeCormick 



INDIANA AND IND1ANAN8 



1789 



farm implemenU. He has additional busi- 
ness interests of lesser importance. 

Mr. Weer was married in 1887, to Miss 
Maude Jessup, who was bom in Hendricks 
County, Indiana, and is a daughter of 
Ellis and Millicent (Heinsbaw) Jessup. 
Mr. and Mrs. Weer have the following 
children : Charles Jessup, who was born at 
Anderson in 1889; Clarice, who is now 
Mrs. James B. Davis, of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky; Helen, who is an actress of great 
talent and is connect c<i in the season of 
191718 with David Warfield, playing the 
part of Jennie in **The Music Master"; 
I)avid, who was Iwm in 1IK)1; Millicent, 
who was honi in 19<>6; and John Franklin, 
who was bom in 1909. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Weer has 
always been a re[)ublican but has seldom 
accepteii public offii'c. lie is a wide awake, 
earnest citizen and is a valued mcmlHT of 
the Anderson Chaml>er of Commerce and 
is ever ready to lend his aid to further 
movements for the getieral good. 

J. Lewis Palmkr began his Imsincss 
career a number of years ago as clerk in 
his father's tobacco house, later traveled 
as a tobacco salesman, but what he regards 
as his real opportunity came when he en- 
tered the service of the May Supply Com- 
pany at Anderson. He has helped build 
up the business of this extensive concern 
all over Northern Indiana and is now man- 
ager of the plant at Anderson. 

Mr. Palmer was born at Dayton. Ohio, 
December 20, 1879, son of E. S. and Alice 
(Evans) Palmer. He is of English an- 
cestry. The Palmers originally lived in 
Vermont, and from that colony some of the 
family went with the Revolutionarv' soldiers 
on the American side. The different gen- 
erations have proihiced business men and 
merchants rather than farmers. The fam- 
ily locate<l at Dayton, Ohio, in early days. 
E. S. Palmer was for a number of vears a 
wholesale tobacco jobber at Noblesville. 
and continue<l in the same business after 
his removal to Anderson, Indiana, in 1892. 
He is now retired from business and lives 
at Anderson. 

J. Ix»wis Palmer had a public school edu- 
cation in Noblesville. graduating from the 
hisrh s<'hool of the latter city. After he had 
leame<I much of the tobacco business un- 
der his father he went on the mad selling 

tobacco in Indiana, and traveled over his 
Vol. rr— 14 



territory for five or six yeara^ Mr. Palmer 
located permanently at Anderson in 1900, 
and for a year was asaistant cashier in the 
Anderson Branch of the American Straw- 
board Company. He then was with the 
May Supply Company as bookkeeper, but 
three years later was sent on the road aa 
salesman to cover the Northern Indiana 
Territory, and during the next eight or nine 
years he covered almost every foot of that 
territory and spread the fame of his house 
in every locality and made a splendid indi- 
vidual record in swelling the annual vol- 
ume of biLsiiicss transacted by the firm. 
He was finally called back to Anderson to 
take the active management of the local 
<»Htal)lishment. The May Supply Company 
is one of the chief businesm\s of its kind 
in Indiana, handling mill, plumbing, water 
and steam titling supplies of all kinds. Mr. 
Palmer is also a stoekholdcr and director 
and treasurer of the George 0. Palmer 
Furniture Company at Lebanon, Indiana. 
June 28, 1916, he married iliss Leafy 
Wharton, daughter of Jesse M. and Anna 
(Armstrong) Wharton, of Anderson. Mr. 
Palmer is a thirty-second degree Scottish 
Rite and Knight Templar Mason and a 
member of the Mystic Shrine. In matters 
of polities he is independent and belongs 
to the First Methodist Epis<*opal Church. 

J. S. McI.vTiRE is senior partner of Mc- 
Intire & Ililburt, proprietors of one of the 
largest wholesale baking establishments in 
Eastern Indiana, at Andenwm. Mr. Mc- 
Intire is a baker of long and thorough 
practical experience, having leamed his 
trmle by apprenticeship and having worked 
at it as a journeyman for many years be- 
fore establishing a business with Mr. Frank 
Ililburt. 

He was born on a farm in Boone County, 
Indiana, in 1868, and is of Scotch-Irish 
and German ancestrA*, a son of J. W. and 
Mary B. (Weaver) Mclntire. His grand- 
father, Daniel Mclntire, came from Kdin- 
burg, Scotland, to America when sixteen 
years old and located in Pickaway County, 
Ohio. After his marriage he moved to 
Lebanon, Indiana, and there on his farm 
reared a family of seven sons and two 
daughters. J. W. Mclntire, the third of 
these children, spent his life as a farmer 
in Indiana, and reared five children, three 
sons and two daughters, among whom J. S. 
Mclntire was the second. 



1770 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Mr. J. S. Mclntirc attended public school 
to the ajre of fourteen and then went to 
work in a factory at I^ebanon and was em- 
ployed there two or three years. Then came 
his apprenticeship of tive years in the 
bakery shop owned by J. W. Schulemire. 
Following: his ajjprcnticeship he travele<l 
over the country as a journeyman for some 
fifteen years. 

At Richmond, Indiana, in 189.*^ Mr. Me- 
Intire married Miss May Wilkins, daufirh- 
ter of .John and Kiizalicth (Donohue) Wil- 
kins, of Jav ('r)untv, Indiana. Thev have 
two (laughters: Ila/cl K.. who is a ^radu- 
ati* of the Anderson HiKh Srh<K»l, is the 
wife of Jat'k Mrannbcrjrcr, now in Camp 
Taylor scrvinjr in the army. The other 
daughter of Mr. and Mi*s. Mclntire is 
Irene, al.s<i a jrraduate of, the Anderson 
llif^h S<-h(»ol. 

After six vcars of residence at Hii*hmond 
Mr. M<!iitin» moveil to Fort Wayne, where 
he foihiwi'tl his work for seven yi*ars and 
then came to Antlcrs<»n and form(*<i a part- 
nershij* with Mr. Frank Ililburt under the 
name .M«*Intire & Hilburt. Their business 
has increased by b»aps and boun<is. neces- 
sitating? chan):*' of «|uartt'rs from time to 
time, and a few years ajro they erect e<i a 
ukmIcI bakcrv establishment, built on lines 
and acrordin^ to {•lans and ideas that Mr. 
Mflntirc had >?athere<l by a close study of 
somr of the larK«*st bakeries in the country. 
They now luivc a model plant, firepn>of in 
constru(*tioi). and with e(|uipment and 
fa4*ilities inrludinir th<* in(»st nxKlcrn ma- 
chiiHM'v. The dailv <*apa<*itv is lO.tKK) 
loav«*N. The linn b«»«rjui busiiu^ss on a very 
m<M|«»st M'id«'. Thi»y iMunrht their tirst car- 
load of tloiir on rrc<lit fnun R. L. Pithian. 
Th»' pri«M» of this rarload was .*l.(Nir>, and 
it was paid for aft«T the Hour had l>ecn 
maiMifa<-tunMl into br«'ad and sold. 

Mr. Mrlntire is a membi»r of the I-,<»val 
OrdiT of .\bMisf and Fraternal Order of 
Kairlev. n«> is a republjran in politii*s and 
has always shown Tinieh public v|)irit in the 
ilitTerent ro'imiunitieN wImtc he has had his 
hoTiie. 

.M. I. M \^TKK.< has btNii cjfiselv ideTititie<] 
with the eoiiiniereial life of Anderson for 
a loufT peri<Hl of years and almost a fen- 
eration of people have iHuiirht from his 
stJire the ne«'f»ssities «»f dailv life and manv 
residents of the eity would hanily expe<»t 
to do their tradinir with anyone ex**e|»t 



Mr. Masters. He is senior partner of the 
finu Masters & Shackelford, whose high 
grade store for groceries, meats, bakery 
and other provisions is located at 10^31 
Meridian Street. 

Mr. Masters is an Ohio man by birth, 
lM)rn in Ashland County, in Clear Creek 
Township, on a farm. December 15, 1867, 
a son of (ieorge B. and Melissa (Burg^tt) 
Masters. He is of Scotch- Irish familv. 
His grandfather came to Ohio early in the 
last century, secured a tract of government 
land, made a good farm of it, and reared 
there a family of six children, among whom 
(ieorge H. was the third. George B. Mas- 
ters not oidy playe<l an honorable role as 
a citizen and sulistantial fanner but was 
also a soldier during the Civil war. He 
eidisteii in the Forty-Swond Ohio Infantry 
and l)ecame orderly sergeant. The colonel 
of that regiment was James A. Oartield, 
later president of the United States, and 
there was a jiersonal friendship between 
this eminent statesman and George B. Mas- 
ters. He dit^l May 12, 1918. 

M. I. Masters received his early educa- 
tion in the .sch<M)Is of Clear Creek Town- 
ship of his native eounty and also at 
Savannah Academy, from which he was 
graduate<l in 1886. For a year he taught 
a eountry school in Clear Creek Township 
anil thret» years was engaged as a teacher 
in Ruggles Township. The vacations of all 
tlu*sc years were spent on the home farm, 
and he had a very thonmgh training in 
agri<*ultural matters, though farming has 
never been an imjortant element in his 
btisin«*ss earcer. 

After a i-ourse in the Fostoria Business 
C«»!lejre .Mr. Masters n*turne<i to Savannah, 
Ohio. sfMMit a year with a general store and 
learned niueh about mcrehandi.sing, and 
with this eipiipment in IHJM came to An- 
derniin. brinirine with him a nuMiest capital 
of y^'2'yiK He used this to purchase an in- 
ten'st in a jrnM*ery st<»re on the east side of 
Main Stn^'t In'tween Ninth and Tenth 
stni»ts, in the Bronnenburg Bloc*k. His 
partn«T was J. D. Shipley. It was known 
as the Che«*kerei| Fn»nt GriM-ery. and for 
a year Shipley & Masters continued in that 
l(M*ation. but in 1s95 moved to 10.'H Meri- 
dian Street, where the business of Mr. Mas- 
ters remains at the pn*sent time. At the 
end of two years a ehange was made in 
the tinn. whieh then liecame Masters ft 
Pierce, and sul>se<|uently for a brief time 




) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1771 



Catps Mas a parfiirr with Mr. .Masf«»rs. Mr. 
('at«*s sold his intpn*st in VMH) to J. S. 
S)ia<'kclfonI. and that was the origin of 
thi* tirin of .Masters & Shafk<*lfor(i. whicli 
has rniitinniMl sti>a<lily now for .s<*v<Mit(M*n 
y(•a^^. Without thiuht it is th<* hir^pst 
>tort' of thf kinti in Anderson, and prar- 
tir«ill\ rv«*rvthinir in th«* provision line <*an 
In' t'«»iHiil in thtMi' hirut* and well arran^'cd 
rstahlls!iin«Mit. Mr. .Masters is alHi» intrr- 
i*Nt«*d in various other hn-al ronrerns a*» a 
HtiM'khohirr. 

In l'^!^') hi* niarri(*il .Miss Minna Ship- 
h'v. daughter of Levi and Melissa r<fihMin • 
Shif»h»y. of an ohi pione«*r family of Ash- 
land County, nhio. Mr. ami Mrs. Masters 
have tuo ehildren. Marjory Melissa and 
Paul Irvinir. the latter lM»rn in VMY2. The 
dauk'hter is now Mrs. Carl KaMinan of An- 
derson. 

.Mr. Masters, while a very husy man ami 
tied down v\ith the responsihjlities of his 
store, has always taken a puMie spirited 
intiT(*sT in the welfare and uphuildintf of 
Anderson as a eitv. is a menilier of the 
ChainlH*r of Coimneree. vot«*s as a repuh- 
liean and is a ileaeoii in the First Treshy- 
terian Chup'h. 

Mii.l.\Ki> K. M«Mi«i. of Indianapolis, is 
perhaps a eons|ii«'iions exam[)Ie of the 
power of suinfcstton from early experien-'e. 
When he ua> a Imiv »*lev»»n vears he 
w«-!it to wtirk ill his fatli»'r"s r»*tail «*o}il and 
lumlw*r vanl. II»* su^s#*iHi»*nTlv had otli»*r 
inten-stn and ♦•!hi»i"\ fii»MiT. I«iit apparently 
I'oid alwa\s *»x»'P'>»''i n; on liim a p«iw#*rfiil 
fast-iitiif ioii. M«iii_\ M.tii \Mth trreatfr tip. 
por^iini •:••'• fi.iV'* r»'r»i«i:j.»-ii ••N*rk'* or :n 'li»* 
iip-d'-sT r"i'"» •■:' ;rj'i:i*.r_\ iill 'ht-ir liv*-^. Mr. 
M'tL'iT a!"i.ir A.*f. ■••'.••r •i»iiil;*:«*s had 'li*' 
iniT;.!^:'*** .i::'i *—.•.•". fj;.' "'. 'K** r»*al ^ii'*!i;»"s*. 
Irifi-r. ti.'l *} '■ •*•"• . • ." M-.t* !'♦• * t"«l#t;. oij»' 
• »f ?••■ ' -Tl'-*' ■: ■.; • "-^'or- .I'l'i pr'-!'i''*r* 
111 V ■• M !■! • \V. *• 

.Mr \\- jj - . •■— .:••:.• ••:' ••• I..f.*"n i',,! 

pr»--.'i' ■ • • ' •• I. .' •' • y ."•'. y*'.ri c.,;,l 
Ciim|..i;. -• - :•" • f •♦•• K'-*- H.il 

hai '!;•• • :. • : 1' . r»-* d-;.* -.:' u.*' 

hiiliM < ■ .1 : ' '-f ■ •-' * ■' ■ '1'. ■ a/id 

pr«"*> i'*' * ' •'' ' ' ■ ♦»"'••: I» '. • r * ' I . ,» !'.•••• 

all Ifi "■.:•• : " ■: . ■ / :. ■ -• :Mf..*'- 

Mr M- /'_' :- ' '* '■• ■ -•"••■••. I...; I* I.- 



January ]'A, lS7n, son of Jeremiah J. MchtiC. 
who eame from NfW York State, lie lo. 
eat(*il at Momenei*. Illinois, just prior to 
the Civil war. Millard K. Mo^^ was reare<l 
and ediieated in his native town. The fain- 
ilv tinallv removed to Luverne, Minnevita, 
and from there in l^x!> to Chicago. 

When a youth Mr. Mo^r^r ninie to the 
eorieliision that has had mueh to do with 
his suhs«M{U('nt «'arefr. This conelusion uhh 
thiit a man with suflicient determination 
and pluek eould a<'4'oiii[»lish almost any- 
thiiiL^ within reason that he started out to 
do. It was this spirit that fiiaMed him to 
o\*'i'i-om«- handicaps that [ revent innur- 
iiiounralile harriers to tlir avera^fe man of 
^ood eapaeity. A hi^^ opportunity eaiiie 
to him when he si*ruri*d the rights and 
privih'L'fs of handling' a "stripping pro|H>- 
sition" in th«* vast roaj region at Linton« 
Indiaiia. That was tin' hejfinnin^r of a 
rapid and sueri'ssfiij earei*r as a eoal pro- 
diiciT. lie had a (renins for or^rani/iition. 
and thouirh he, lM*can with praetieally no 
ea;>ital h<' has hiiilt the Linton CollierieH 
(*ompaiiy. a roiiferii that now prcKlueett 
nearly $'i,i¥H)jHH) worth of i-oal annually. 

Mr. .Mojrjr is e^^si-ntially a man of hijsi- 
iif^s Whili* int#*n*st#*d In politics and tli«* 
soriid side of lifr. his eni»rifi**H and pleasure 
are ill the a<-ti\iti#'s of huHiiii*s.s. 

.•s^'ptemU'r 11. 1 >*'♦:{. In» marriefl .Miss 
.\lar\ Ow»*n. *tf Chiiji'/o. Th»'v ha\«- four 
ehildn-n : Cla> ^ori O . .|ir'Tiii;!li Ow«-n. Ilar- 
r\»'r K. and Millard K.. Jr. 

Fk\S'i- Ki.i-n \ I'xKKk. Ind;ana •lajrn-* 
a'l.onir h«r *«onMr"i| n;j*;\»- -oris Fran'-is 
KlisKa Ufik*'r. V\iiUu\ S»at#'H *-ir'Mjit judir** 
of ^li- S»'V»*nth < ipuit. II»- Was ^-irn at 
^i'-*!!*!;. Indiana. <»i-s,K..r JO. I*»»i0. a v»ii 
• if J"f.!i irar»-i* aiid IIarr;»'t I>ifr»'«-^ 
I'ak-*- II*' «as a '»tnd»'fit '.f In<}Mna Ciii- 
•>»-r*:\- Mi.d M;'- Iri:'. »-r» •;. nf Mji-r.itfan. 
aiid '*ii^ adMii»*»-ij ? . ti.f '-..tr ^i^ l*-.'». Iii 
Tfi»* -aMi** 'I'MT I •• l»»*Lf/ih Ml* pra'-?.'-*' *-f .aw 
at <ii-l:»-!i v\:th fi> fat|.#'r a*" l5ak»'r &. 
Mak'T. '^a* at'i'rward a nj»*ifilHT of *'t.*' rirrn 
I'aK'T &. .Mill»r. Ma-* riiad'- a .I'i'Ij^*- •/ 'K- 
S ipr- r.» Ci,;jr» iif Ind.afja ;ri l"'***. arjd on 
rl..' >Tlt of F»'>riiar;. . ]'***'2. via- ;r,aiJ»- a 
I*! .f-d S*at#«*. ' jr-'iJ* jiidif*' 

Jjt|ir»' hakrr marri»*d .Ma". Irw f. '.!' 

■ 

^io^f.^'fi 'A h« r»* ♦!;♦•;. ifiain^airi**d •!.••. r liorf./ . 

^iii'Hi.K T Mfh:k. a r»-id»-nT »,{ .Madi- 
-oM ' ouiifv fortv vpar*. now ^'tHniAftniii 



1772 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



his second term of service as county treas- 
urer, George T. Beebe has had a busy 
career, and one of more than ordinary 
service to the people of his section of the 
state. 

At an early age he learned to depend 
upon himself and has to a large degree 
been the architect of his own destiny. Mr. 
Beebe was bom at Drawbridge, Sussex 
County, Delaware, January 23, 1856. Some 
of his remote ancestors were Norwegians 
and others were Irish. The first Beebe in 
America of whom there is record was his 
great-g^randfather, Ichabod Beebe, who 
was employed as a government pilot on 
Delaware Bay, and on account of his serv'- 
ices at the time of his death a monument 
was erected to him by the government at 
Lewistown, Delaware. Mr. Beebe *s father 
was for many years a steward on a gov- 
ernment privateer, and had many exciting 
experiences, which he often told his son 
George. Mr. Beebe 's parents were John 
Selby and Elizabeth (Carey) Beebe. His 
father was for many years engaged in 
farming in Delaware. The father died in 
1910 and the mother in 1905, and they 
had a family of eight children. 

George T. Beebe spent his early life on 
the Delaware farm, attended country 
schools in Sussex County, and at the age 
of nineteen began teaching in his home 
oomniunity. At the age of twenty-one, in 
1877, he left home and came to Madison 
County, Indiana, locating at Elwood. For 
a tenn or so he was a student in Normal 
School, and then began teaching in the 
i»ountr>- districts of Pipe Creek Township 
near Elwood. He also taught at Wind- 
fall in Tipton County, then for two years 
was in the Elwood public S(*hools, and 
many people in those communities still re- 
meni!H»r his services as a capable instruc- 
tor. In the meantime he began learning 
the art of teh^graphy, and after fitting 
himself for that work was appointe<l agent 
of the Lake Erie and Western Railroad 
at E1wo<kI. He served there three years, 
and then for two years was hookkec[>er 
and weighmaster in the Harting Elevator 
at Elwood. 

Mr. BiM»l>e came to Anderson to accept 
the appointment of deputy sheriff under 
Thomas R. Moore. He was in the sheriff's 
office two years, and on leaving it he 
boucrht an old establishe<l a)>stract and title 
business. The George T. Beebe Abstract 



Company with offices in the Masonic Build- 
ing at Anderson, has tiie most complete 
records of titles in Madison County, cov- 
ering all the transfers of land iMusk to 
government and Indian ownership. To 
this business Mr. Beebe has given his chief 
attention for many years. For four years 
he was president of the Citizens Gas Com- 
pany of Anderson. 

Mr. Beebe has been a leader in the demo- 
cratic party throughout the greater part 
of his residence in Madison County. He 
was chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee one term, secretary two terms, 
for one term was chairman of the Anderson 
City Committee, was elected to the Indiana 
State Committee in 1911, and was a dele- 
gate to the National Convention at St. 
Ijouis in 1904, where Judge Parker was 
nominated for president. In November, 
1912, Mr. Beebe was elected county treas- 
urer, was reelected in 1914, and his present 
term expires December 31, 1917. When 
the Anderson police board was first or- 
ganized Governor Matthews appointed Mr. 
Beebe one of its first members, and he was 
reappointed for a second term. He and 
his family are members of the First Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and he is affiliated 
with Anderson Lodge No. 106, Knights of 
Pythias, and for fifteen years was treas- 
urer of the lodge. 

In January, 1887, he married Miss 
Florence Wright, who was bom in Cottage 
Orove, Indiana, daughter of William T. 
Wright. Mrs. Beebe was a teacher for 
several years before her marriage. Two 
daughters have been bom to them, Heloi 
E. and Rachel, the latter dying at the age 
of sixteen. Helen is a graduate of the 
Anderson High School and of the Indiana 
State University, and is now the wife of 
Charles Crick, of Kokomo. 

Thomas McCtai/>rGH is president and 
mana^r of the Bulletin Printing and 
Manufacturing Company of Anderson, 
pn Wishers of The Anderson Bulletin, one 
of the most influential and prosperous 
papers in Eastern Indiana. 

Mr. McCullough was bom December 19, 
1868. at a now forgotten town of Madison 
County. Indiana, known to older residents 
as Prosperity, located in Richland Town- 
ship. Ho is a son of James and Catherine 
(Keough> McCullough, and as the names 
indicate is of Scotch-Irish aneestrj. His 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1773 



mother was born in County Sligo and his 
father in Londonderry, Ireland, came 
when single to America and were married 
at Richmond, Indiana. They had a family 
of four sons and four daughters. The 
father was a veterinary surgeon and died 
in Madison County in 1876. The mother 
survived him many years and passed away 
at Anderson September 10, 1910, at the 
age of eighty -one. 

Thomas McCullough tinished the com- 
mon schools in Richland Township, did 
summer normal work at Anderson, and for 
three months was in the G. W. Michael 
Husiuess College. For seven years Mr. Mc- 
Cullough had the experience of a count r>' 
whool teacher in Union Township. He 
came to Anderson in 1892, and from 1893 
to 1896 was in the postoffice and for seven 
years was a member of the Anderson police 
force, rising to the rank of captain. He 
got into the newspaper business as circula- 
tion manager for the Anderson Daily 
News. Three years later that paper was 
consolidated with the Anderson Bulletin, 
on September 1, 1907. and has since been 
publisheil as The Anderson Bulletin. Mr. 
McCullough was job man and had charge 
of the commercial and business office of 
the Bulletin until 1913, when he was clect- 
ed president and general manager of the 
company. The Bulletin carries the Asso- 
ciated Press service and goes into most of 
the homes of Madison County and also in- 
to adjoining counties. The business also 
includes a large commercial printing es- 
tablishment. 

Mr. McCullough is a stockholder of the 
Security Investment Company and its vice 
president. He is one of Madison County's 
leading democrats and from March, 1916, 
to May, 1918. was chairman of the Madi- 
son County Committee. He is a Knight 
Templar Mason and has filled a number of 
chairs in the various orders, and is also 
affiliated with the Knights of Pvthias. 

In 1897 Mr. McCullough married Cath- 
erine Tobin, daughter of Matthew and 
Sarah Tobin of Anderson. They have two 
children, Catherine Mar>\ who is now a 
sophomore in De Pauw Cniversity, and 
Sarah E., in the senior year of the Ander- 
son High School. 

Rkv. Jo«EPn F. Wkbkr. Ordained to 
the priesthood nearly thirty years ago. 
Father Weber's senices have been chiefly 



in Indianapolis. He is founder and pastor 
of the Church of the Assumption of West 
Indianapolis, and to the people of that sec- 
tion of the city, regardless of sect or creed, 
his name is as a benediction. 

He was born February 5, 1865, at the 
little town of Spades, near Lawrenceburg, 
Ripley County, Indiana. It was in direct 
opposition to his father's wishes that in 
boyhood he commenced study for the 
priesthood in a Jesuit college at Cincin- 
nati. He finished his classical and theo- 
logical studies in the well known St Mein- 
rad's Seminary in Spencer County, In- 
diana. He was ordained June 5, 1889, and 
immediately was sent to Indianapolis as 
an assistant at the cathedral of St. John. 
Bishop Chatard was then bishop of In- 
dianapolis, and his assistants in order of 
rank were Father Oavisk, Father Dowd and 
Father Weber. 

After ii\'2 years at the cathedral Father 
Weber was assigned the duty and oppw- 
tunity involved in the pastorate of the 
newly created Church of the Assumption. 
Only fourteen families comprised the par- 
ish when he took charge, but its growth 
and prosperity have been apace with the 
city. His interest has been keen not only 
in behalf of everything that concerned the 
welfare of the church and his people, but 
also in matters of broader community par- 
ticipation. When something has beea 
needed in that part of the city re<|uiring 
special leadership and cooperation no one 
has l>een turned to more fre<iuently than 
Father Weber. His intervention has come 
again and again in matters of securing ex- 
tensions of gas and light facilities, and 
in construction of sidewalks. His parish 
is in that section of the citv which suffered 
most during the flood of 1913. When hun- 
dreds of people were driven from their 
homes and distress and suffering were on 
all sides. Father Wel>er was showing him- 
self more than a spiritual leader and was 
heading an organization that fed 800 per- 
sons daily. For this and many other acts 
of civic helpfulness the board of public 
safety presented him with a vote of thanks 
in behalf of the entire city. 

Father Weber is a son of Frank and 
Josephine (Hammersle) Weber. His 
father had an interesting and successful 
career. Bom at Landthul, Bavaria, his 
family enjoyed considerable wealth and 
good position, his father being a miller and 



1774 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



grain dealer. But the early envin)nment 
of Frank Weber was not congenial for all 
that. At thirteen he practically had charge 
of hi8 father's Hour mill, and to escape a 
drudgery and responsibility beyond his 
years he ran away from home, crossed 
France, and after a voyage on a sailing 
vessel for sixty-five days arrived in New 
York City. At that time his uncle George 
A. Weber was a man of more than ordinary 
business distinction at Cincinnati. This 
uncle was the builder and proprietor of 
the (lalt House, which for many years was 
one of the most noted hostelries of the 
West. Frank Wcbcr earned a living and 
found freechmi from the restrictions of 
Eun>pean life by working for his uncle in 
the (lalt House until he was eighteen years 
of age. Having at an earlier stage of his 
experience ac«|uircd much knowledgi» of 
grain, he was able to tit in as a useful 
worker in a Cincinnati brewery also owntni 
bv his uncle. 

While thus cnipbiycil he was sent on a 
business trip to DovtT. Indiana. Most of 
liis transactions were with Balthazar Ham- 
mersli», and wliib* at his home Frank WelH*r 
met Miss .I(>sci>hinc Hammcrsle. Acipiain- 
tancc ripcnt*<l fast into atTection. and 
thcmgh she was only sixteen years old. and 
against her father's wisht*s, they were mar- 
rie<l and bad many years of hapfiiness and 
us«»fulness together. Mr. Hammersle had 
come from Franee and was a man of con- 
siderable wealth. At the time of his mar- 
riage Frank Weber had shown the quali- 
ties of a gtMMl business man and later years 
lirougbt him substantial rewards. He had 
a large business as dealer in livesttH'k and 
grain, and bad finally be<'ome owner of 
the (t. A. WcIht Brewery in Cincinnati. 
During the Civil war his proi)erty lay in 
the path of the Confe<!erate raiders under 
M(»rgan. and it t<K)k a numl»er of years to 
HN'over the losst»N then sustained. His goo<l 
wife died January 9. 1^94. at the age of 
fiftv-tive. After her ileath he s;>ent much 
of his time in the home of Father Weber 
at Iiidiana|M»lis. where he dieii June 2^, 
1S9S. at the aire of sjxty-eight. Death in- 
terrupted bis eberishetl plan to reviNit the 
s<»eiit»s of his ehildhfMMl. which he bad left 
at tliirteen and to whieh he never returne<I. 

Of the i-bildren the oldest is J. B. Wel>er. 
who nntil re«'»'ntlv was eonn«M*t»si with the 
Wbiti- .*swan Distillery at Indianapolis, but 
is now living retire^! in I^os Angeles. 



Frank II., the second son, is manager of 
the Indianapolis Brewing Company. The 
third son is Father Weber, and the fourth 
is George A., of Indianapolis. The daugh- 
ter Clara is the wife of Frank Fronapel of 
Cambridge City, Indiana. Ida M. married 
Charles A. Rink, of Indianapolis. Edward 
Weber, the remaining child, died quite re- 
cently. 

Am()8 N. GrsTi.N. The widening field of 
electric transmission of energy has within 
the last half centurj' become one of the 
most important lines of modern business. 
The mysterious agent, electricity, has been 
so captured, harnessed and utilized that 
now the wheels of commerce would scarcely 
turn without the motive power of the elec- 
tric current, armies both industrial and 
belligerent would l>e shorn of their power 
to a large extent, railroads could no longer 
sweep like the wind across a continent, 
agricultural activities would lag, and ae- 
<*ustomed comfort and convenience would 
l>e lacking in multitudes of homes. It is 
not remarkable then that ambitious, in- 
telligent, progressive men enter the elec- 
trical busint^s, and many find hidden for- 
tunes in this line of work when they are 
thoroughly competent. Anderwm has more 
than rme electric business firm here, but 
n<me are more reliable or lietter prepared 
or more experienced than the firm of Ous- 
tin & E; ply, the senior member of which 
is Amos N. (fustin, one of the big cfm- 
tractors and representative business men 
of this <Mty. 

Amos N. (lustin, president of the In- 
diana Eh^'tric Company, was Imrn on his 
father's farm in I^fayette Township, 
Madison (*ounty, Indiana, not far from 
Andenwm. in 1869. His parents were John 
QuincA' and Mary (Miller) Gustin. In 
tracing the family far back it is found that 
it may justly lay claim to l>e of Revolu- 
tionary st(N*k and Huguenot ancefttr>', and 
for many years it has Ihhmi an old family 
in Madison (*ounty. Indiana, and alwsA's 
a highly respei'teti one. 

Am(»s N. (fUKtin obtaine<l his education 
in the publie seluM)ls. mainly during the 
winter st^ascms, as he assisted his father on 
the farm during the summers until he was 
eighteen years old. There were eighty 
Hvn^ in the home fann and the father spent 
the lanfiT part of his life there, with the 
ex(*<'ption of alMuit five years when he and 



INDIANA AND IXDIANANS 



1775 



his mm Aiiioh N., coinhH'tcd a j^nx'ery Htorc 
on Wi'st Main Street, Andersim. 

After his father .sold the jrroeery biwi- 
ne?vs Amos N. Uustin went to work for 
the Anderson Nut &, liolt Company, ami 
remained there for six years, during a part 
of the time (>einfr a shippinf^ clerk, and 
here ^aine^i a lar^e amount of practical 
and useful information. Fn»m that con- 
cern he went with the llinwier Chemical 
Company, manufacturers of pharmaceu- 
tical preparations and specialties. He 
owneti a half interest in the c(»mpany and 
during his two years connection had an 
op|M)rt unity to make some headway in the 
Htudv of me<ii<*al science. Followini»' this 
experience he was en^a^t^l for *i^ j years 
in the commercial department c»f the Mu- 
nicipal Electric Lijrht Company of Ander- 
son, and had char^n* of th » city litrhts an<l 
had an opportunity a^ain to increase his 
knowle<l)rt^. which he seizcni and made a 
studv of electricity and electric installa- 
tiofi. 

Mr. (Justin then spent a year at l*asa- 
<lena. California, working as an order clerk 
for the Mo<lcl (fro<*ery Company. Al- 
th<»n>fh that hijrhly lauded section of the 
<-nuntry Ims many a<lvantair«*s, it did not 
appeal t«> .Mr. (iustiii as did the hmmiUcc- 
tion of his old home in Indiana. hcn<'e he 
returned to Andcr^nn when he felt ready 
t«» «»stalilish himself in a pernuinent husi- 
ni»s.s. In 1!MM) he purt-hasctl a one-third in- 
terest in the Iiuiiana Klcj-tri<* Company 
of Anderson, his partners heinj? Frank 1^. 
Stratton and Frank Kpply. In liM.*{ Mr. 
Stratton sohi his interest t<» his j artners, 
and thev have continutMl in the eli'ctrieal 
husiness here ever since. Thev deal in elee- 
trical supplies and do a general electric 
<*ontractinjir bu8in«*ss and have satisfac- 
torily handhvl some of the heaviest con- 
tracts in this entire S4»cti<m. They have 
first class jpiarters. tine e^piipments. a larp«» 
st<M'k and t»xpert electricians. Mr. (Justin 
has additional business inten*sts. 

In 1 >*!»•'{ he was marri<Ni ti) Miss I>ouise 
Stritmater. who is a <laujrhter of Martin 
Stritmater. of Toledo. Ohio. Mr. an<l Mrs. 
(Justin have two sons: Joseph (^uincy. who 
was liorn in 1>M4. and Holw^rt Louis, who 
was U»rn \u 1*H)7. The elder s«»n. who is 
a r»»siilrnt of .Vnd<'rson. married Miss