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Full text of "Indiana and Indianans : a history of aboriginal and territorial Indiana and the century of statehood"

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luHN, Jacob Piatt, 1855- 
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Indiana and Indianans 





INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



A HISTORY OF ABORIGINAL AND TERRITORIAL 

INDIANA AND THE CENTURY OF 

STATEHOOD 



JACOB PIATT DUNN 

AUTHOR AND EDITOR 



VOLU.ME III 



THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 
1919 



Allen Counfy Puhik Llbrarf 
ft. Wojffle, * 



Copyright, 1919 

by 

THE AMERICAN HISTOEICAL SOCIETY 



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O^A^n^U2^iLy 



INDIANA AND JNDIANANS 



Elwood Haykes. There is a certain 
class of pessimists who are forever dispar- 
aging individual credit for great achieve- 
ments. Such carping critics would say for 
instance that if America had not been dis- 
covered by Columbus it would have been 
discovered anyway sooner or later. The 
plays of William Shakespeare were not 
written by Shakespeare but perhaps by an- 
other man of the same name. Such per- 
sons would not even "give the devil his 
due." Fortunately these ingrates are few 
in number, ilost people are willing to 
concede praise when it is fairly earned. 

Therefore, only here and there will be 
heard a word of dissent when an Indiana 
writer places the name of Elwood Haynes 
of Kokomo along with Alexander Graham 
Bell and Thomas A. Edison as one of three 
great living Americans who have worked 
the most astounding miracles of the mod- 
ern age. Of the electric light invented by 
Edison, the telephone invented by Bell and 
the motor car perfected by Elwood Haynes, 
it would be difficult to say which has con- 
ferred the greatest benefit upon mankind. 
Of the three men Elwood Haynes is an In- 
dianan, and it is not likely that his fame 
as an inventive genius will soon be ob- 
scured. 

Elwood Haynes is of as nearly undiluted 
American stock as can be found. His first 
American ancestor was an Englishman, 
"Walter Haynes, who came to New England 
in 1636. The great-grandfather, David 
Haynes, fought as a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary w-ar. The grandfather, Henry 
Haynes, was born in ^Massachusetts in 1786, 
and was a maker of firearms during the 
War of 1812. Henry Haynes followed 
mechanical trades most of his life, and he 
may have been responsible for some of the 
mechanical genius of his grandson. He 
died about 1864. He married Achsah 
March, who was born in JIassaehusetts in 



1792 and died in 1870. She was a relative 
of Bishop Chase, the first Episcopal bishop 
west of the Allegheny Mountains and an 
uncle of Chief Justice Chase. One of the 
twelve children of these industrious and 
worthy parents was Jacob M. HajTies, who 
achieved all the success of a good lawyer 
and a thoroughgoing jurist in Indiana. 
Judge Haynes was born in Hampden 
County, Massachusetts, April 12, 1817, and 
died in 1903. During his youth he assisted 
bis father in the shop, lived several years 
with an uncle on a farm, and his common 
school education was supplemented by a 
classical course at Monson Academy and 
also by study in Phillips Academy at An- 
dover, Massachusetts. He started the study 
of law in Massachusetts, but in 1843 came 
west and continued the study of law with 
Hon. Walter March at Muncie, Indiana. 
As a means of self support he also taught 
school and was admitted to the bar in Mun- 
cie in March, 1844. In the latter part of 
the same year he removed to Portland and 
soon afterward began practice. He was a 
resident of Portland nearly sixty years, 
and from that city his reputation as a 
lawyer and citizen spread throughout the 
state. He had many official honors, begin- 
ning with school offices, and in 1856 was 
elected a judge of the Common Pleas 
Court. . He was again elected in 1860 and 
re-elected in 1864 and again in 1868. 
After the Common Pleas Court was abol- 
ished he was made judge in 1870 of the 
Circuit Court, embracing the counties of 
Wayne, Randolph, Jay and Blackford. 
After twenty-one years of consecutive serv- 
ice he retired from the bench in 1877, but 
some years later, when a separate district 
was created of Jay and Wayne counties, 
he was again called to the bench. Tie be- 
gan voting as a whig, but was affiliated 
with the republican party from the time 
of its formation in 1856, and made many 



1216 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



speeches during the war in support of a 
vigorous policy of the administration. In 
1875 he entered banking, and was presi- 
dent of the People's Bank of Portland for 
several years. He was very much inter- 
ested in farming, and at the time of his 
death owned 400 acres in Jay County. 
Judge Haynes went abroad in 1886, and 
then had the opportunity of visiting many 
of the immortal shrines of his favorite au- 
thors, including the homes of Scott, Dick- 
ens, Shakespeare, and other great English 
writers. He was a man of classical educa- 
tion and one of the most broadly informed 
men of his generation. On August 27, 
1846, at Portland, Judge Haynes married 
Miss Hilinda S. Haines. She was born in 
Clinton County, Ohio, in 1828, and died 
May 11, 1885, the mother of eight children. 
The fifth of these children was Elwood 
Haynes, who was born in Portland in Jay 
County October 14, 1857. In a biograph- 
ical work of the citizens of Jay County 
published about thirty years ago, when El- 
wood Haynes was himself thirty years old, 
a very brief paragraph is sufficient to 
enumei-ate his experiences and achieve- 
ments. Mention is made of the fact that 
while he was in the Portland public schools 
he evinced a great desire for learning\ and 
in later years especially for chemistry, and 
was often found by members of the family 
outside of school hours making practical 
experiments and tests. He continued in 
high school to the end of the second year 
and in 1878 entered the Worcester Tech- 
nical Institute at Worcester, ilassachu- 
setts, where he graduated in 1881. On re- 
turning home he taught a year in the dis- 
trict schools and two years as principal of 
the Portland High School. In 1884 he 
entered Johns Hopkins University at Balti- 
more, Maryland, taking post-graduate work 
in chemistry and biology, and on returning 
home was put in charge of the chemistry 
department of the Eastern Indiana Nor- 
mal School and Commercial College. From 
that in 1886 he went to the position of 
manager of the Portland Natural Gas and 
Oil Company at Portland, and it was in 
those duties that the biographical sketch 
above mentioned left him without ventur- 
ing even a prophecy as to the great place 
he would subsequently fill in the world of 
industrial arts and invention. 

It should also be mentioned that as a 
boy Mr. Haynes spent much of his time in 



the woods, and through this experience he 
became somewhat of a naturalist, learning 
the ways of wild birds and animals and 
acquiring considerable fir-st hand knowl- 
edge of plant and insect life. As he grew 
older he took a keen interest in books and 
read when about twelve years of age 
Wells' "Principles of Natural Philosophy" 
and "Chemistry." It was in the latter 
that he became most intensely interested, 
as it gave him a preliminary insight into 
the hidden mysteries of natural phenom- 
ena and stimulated his curiosity to know 
more about the fundamental properties of 
matter. 

He devised some crude apparatus by 
means of which he was able to preJDare 
hydrogen gas, as well as chlorine and oxy- 
gen. He also took special interest in the 
rarer metals, such as nickel, chromium, co- 
balt, aluminum, and tungsten. 

When about fifteen years of age he made 
a furnace in the backyard and supplied 
it with a blast of air from a home-made 
blower which was constructed from a 
cheese rim, two boards and some pieces of 
shingle for fans. With this furnace he 
succeeded in melting brass and cast iron, 
but was unable to melt steel successfully on 
account of the high temperature required. 
He tried several times to alloy tungsten 
with iron and steel, but was unable to do 
so, owing to the limits of the furnace. 

The district school which he taught after 
returning from Worcester was five miles 
from his home. For a part of the time 
he walked the entire distance twice a day, 
making a round trip of ten miles, besides 
teaching from 9 o'clock in the morning 
until 4 o'clock in the aftenioon. Mr. 
Haynes continued as manager of the Port- 
land Natural Gas and Oil Company until 
1890. During that time he devised a 
method for determining the amount of gas 
flowing through apertures of various sizes 
under various pressures. He also navented 
in 1888 a small thermostat for regulating 
the temperature of a room heated by nat- 
ural gas. This apparatus worked perfectly 
and he afterwards used it for about four- 
teen years in his own home. It was so ar- 
ranged that it maintained practically a 
constant temperature in the room to be 
warmed, no matter what the condition 
out-of-doors. 

In 1889 gas was piped from Penuville, 
Indiana, to Portland, a distance of about 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1217 



ten miles. Mr. Hayues had charge gf the 
constnietioii of this line, as well as of the 
plant which had been previously installed 
in the town of Portland. It was while 
drivino- back and forth between Pennville 
and Portland with a horse and buggy that 
he conceived the idea of making a machine 
that would travel on the road under its 
own power. In 1890 he became field super- 
intendent of the Indiana Natural Gas and 
Oil Company of Chicago, with headquar- 
ters at Greentown, Indiana. One of his 
experiences in this position deserves some 
special mention. The gas line from 
Greentown to Chicago was completed in 
1892, and the first thing that happened 
was the clogging of the line by ice, which 
formed on the interior of the pipes. The 
condition had not been unforeseen, since 
the gas, containing a certain amount of 
moisture, was passing northward and 
hence into a colder region. As soon as the 
trouble occurred the president of the com- 
pany sought ]\Ir. Haynes out and asked 
him to solve the problem. Mr. Haj'nes 
suggested as a method of preventing this 
that the gas should be frozen or passed 
over some hygroscopic material which 
would extract the moisture from it before 
being started through the pipe line. The 
company placed the matter in his hands. 
After a number of exi^eriments he decided 
on the method of extracting the moisture 
by freezing the gas. Accordingly a re- 
frigerating plant was set up at the Green- 
town pumping station, and by this means 
about eighteen barrels of water per day 
were extracted from the gas, with the re- 
sult that the trouble occasioned by the 
freezing of the gas in the line was entirely 
eliminated. Since that time the method 
devised by Mr. Haynes has been used not 
only for refrigerating gas, but also for drj'- 
ing air. The work of operating the pump- 
ing station and gas line took up most of 
his time for a year after he moved to Ko- 
komo, which was in 1892. 

During the delay in the work of con- 
structing the pipe line .iust referred to, 
Mr. Haynes was again called upon to do a 
great deal of driving, and during those 
drives thought again and again of the 
problem of a better means of locomotion 
than by horse and buggy. The story of 
how he built the first automobile has been 
so well told by 'Slv. Havnes himself that 



his words may be given preference at this 
point. 

"I accordingly laid plans for the con- 
struction of a mechanically propelled ve- 
hicle for use on the highways. I first con- 
sidered the use of a steam engine, but made 
no attempt to build a car of this descrip- 
tion for the reason that a fire must be kept 
constantly burning on board the machine, 
and with liquid fuel this would always be 
a menace in case of collision or accident. 
Moreover, the necessity of getting water 
would render a long journey in a car of 
this description not only troublesome, but 
very irksome as well. I next considered 
electricity, but found that the lightest bat- 
tery obtainable would weigh over twelve 
hundred pounds for a capacity of twelve 
horse hours. As this showed little prom- 
ise of success, I gave it no further consid- 
eration, and proceeded to consider the gas- 
oline engine. Even the lightest made at 
that time were very heavy per unit of 
power, and rather crude in construction. 

"Mv work was confined to Greentown 
in 1890 and 1891. In the fall of 1892 I 
moved to Kokomo and the following sum- 
mer (1893) had my plans sufSciently ma- 
tured to begin the actual construction of 
a machine. I ordered a one-hoi-se power 
marine upright, two cycle, gasoline engine 
from the Sintz Gas Engine Company of 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. This motor 
barely gave one brake horsepower, and 
weighed a hundred and eighty pounds. 
Upon its arrival from Grand Rapids in 
the fall of 1893, lacking a suitable place, 
the motor was brought direct to my home 
and set up in the kitchen. 

."When the gasoline and battery connec- 
tions were installed the motor, after con- 
siderable cranking, was started and ran 
with such speed and vibration that it pulled 
itself from its attachments. Luckily, how- 
ever, one of the battery wires was wound 
about the motor shaft and thus discon- 
nected the current. 

"In order to provide against vibration, 
I was obliged to make the frame of the 
machine much heavier than I first intended. 

"The horseless carriage was built up in 
the form of a small truck. The frame- 
work in which the motor was placed con- 
sisted of a double hollow square of steel 
tubing, .joined at the rear corners by steel 
castings, and by malleable castings in 
front. The hind axle constituted the rear 



1218 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



member of the frame and the front axle 
was swiveled at its center to the front end 
of the hollow square. This arrangement 
permitted the ends of the front axle to 
move upward and downward over the ine- 
qualities of the road without wrenching 
the hollow square in which the motor and 
countershaft were placed. 

"At that time there were no figures ac- 
cessible for determining the tractive resist- 
ance to rubber tires on ordinary roads. 
In order to determine this as nearly as 
possible in advance, a bicycle bearing a 
rider was hitched to the rear end of a light 
buckboard by means of a cord and spring 
scale. An observer seated on the rear end 
of the buckboard recorded as rapidly as 
possible 'draw-bar' pull registered by the 
scale, while the buckboard was moving at 
the rate of about ten or twelve miles per 
hour on a nearly level macadam street. 
The horse was then driven in the opposite 
direction at about the same speed, in order 
to compensate for the slight incline. This 
experiment indicated that about 1% 
pounds 'draw-bar' pull was sufficient to 
draw a load of one hundred pounds on a 
vehicle equipped with ball bearings and 
pneumatic tires. With this data- at hand 
it was an easy matter to arrange the gear- 
ing of the automobile so that it would be 
drawn by the motor. Crude though this 
method may appear it shows a striking 
agreement with the results obtained to- 
day, by much more acevirate and refined 
apparatus. 

"The total weight of the machine when 
completed was about 800 pounds. July 
4, 1894, when ready for test, it was hauled 
about three miles into the country behind 
a horse carriage and started on a nearly 
level turnpike. It moved off at once at a 
speed of about seven miles per hour, and 
was driven about one and one half miles 
into the country. It was then turned 
about and ran all the way into the city 
without making a single stop. 

"I was convinced upon this return trip 
that there was a future for the horseless 
carriage, although I did not at that time 
expect it to be so brilliant and imposing. 
The best speed attained with the little ma- 
chine in this condition was about eight 
miles per hour." 

A rare interest attaches to this pioneer 
automobile, and it is most fitting and ap- 
propriate that the old car, built twenty- 



five years ago, is now owned by the Gov- 
ernment and has a permanent place in 
the great halls of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion at \Yashingtou. At another part of 
his narrative ilr. Haynes describes some 
other interesting features of his inventive 
work as applied both to automobile and 
to other metal industries: 

"While perfecting the horseless carriage 
I had never lost my interest in metallurgj' 
and introduced aluminum into the first 
automobile crankcase in 1895. The alloy 
for this crankcase was made up for the pur- 
pose and consisted of ninety-three per cent 
aluminum and seven per cent copper. 
This was. I believe, the first aluminum 
ever placed in the gasoline motor, and as 
far as I am aware in an automobile. More- 
over, this particular composition has be- 
come a standard for all automobile motors 
at the present time. 

"At about the same time (1896) I also 
introduced nickel-steel into the automo- 
bile, and at a later date I made a number 
of experiments in the alloying of metal, 
and succeeded in making an alloy of nickel 
and chromium containing a certain amount 
of carbon and silicon, which, when formed 
into a blade, would make a fairly good 
cutting edge. The metal would tarnish 
after long exposure to the atmosphere of 
a chemical laboratory. 

"Later, in 1899, I succeeded in forming 
an alloy of pure chromium and pure 
nickel, which not only resisted all atmos- 
pheric influences, but was also insoluble 
in nitric acid of all strengths. A few 
months later I also formed an alloy of co- 
balt and chromium, and an alloy of the 
same metals containing a small quantity 
of boron. These latter alloys were ex- 
tremely hard, especially that containing 
boron. 

' ' In 1904 and 1905 I made some further 
experiments upon the alloys of nickel and 
cobalt with chromium, with a view to us- 
ing the alloys for electric contacts in the 
make-and-break spark mechanism, and in 
1907 I secured basic patents on both of 
these alloys. 

"And so it has gone. Naturally and 
necessarily, once the automobile began to 
gain favor it was necessary to enlarge our 
organization. Today the Haynes car is 
made in a big factory — a striking contrast 
to the time when my first car was made 
in a little machine shop and when I paid 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1219 



the mechanics who were hired to assist in 
the building of it, according to my plans, 
at the rate of forty cents an hour. 

"Frankh', I did not realize on that 
Fourth of July, when I took the first ride 
in America 's first car, that a score of yeai"s 
later everj- street and highway in America 
would echo the sound of the horn and the 
report of the exhaust. I am gratified too 
that it has been my good fortune to wit- 
ness the automobile's entrenchment in the 
world's business life. Just as my first 
horseless carriage was designed with a view 
to facilitating my duties, so is the automo- 
bile today contributing beyond all power 
to realize to our every-day business life." 

j\lr. Haynes continued as field superin- 
tendent of the Indiana Natural Gas and 
Oil Company until 1901. But since 1898 
has also been president of the Haynes 
Automobile Company. There is a long list 
that might be appended of his experiences 
and inventions. ■ He discovered tungsten 
chrome steel in 1881, and the theme of his 
graduating address from the Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute was "The Etfect of 
Tungsten on Iron and Steel." In 1894 
he invented a successful carburetor and 
the first automobile mufBer. In 1895 the 
Chicago Times Herald prize was awarded 
his horseless carriage for the best balanced 
engine. An event widely celebrated at the 
time was making the first thousand mile 
trip in a motor car in America, when Mr. 
Haynes drove one of his cars from Kokomo 
to New York City. He was accompanied 
by Edgar Appei-son. who was one of his 
associates at that time. In 1903 he in- 
vented and built a rotary valve gas engine. 

In 1898 the Haynes-Apperson Company 
was formed for the manufacture of auto- 
mobiles. In 1902 Elmer and Edgar Ap- 
person withdrew and started a corporation 
of their own, while the name of the Haynes- 
Apperson Company was shortly afterward 
changed to the Haynes Automobile Com- 
pany and has so continued to the present 
time. 

In 1899 Mr. Haynes discovered an alloy 
of nickel and chromium, and shortly after- 
ward an alloy of cobalt and chromium. 
These alloys were produced only in very 
minute quantities at first, and as his time 
was fully employed in the Haynes Auto- 
mobile Company he gave them little atten- 
tion until 1907, when patents were taken 



out covering their manufacture and use. 
A paper was read in 1910 before the Amer- 
ican Chemical Society at San Francisco 
describing these alloys and their proper- 
ties. Shortly afterward Mr. Haynes dis- 
covered that by adding tungsten or molyb- 
denum to the cobalt-chromium alloy a still 
harder composition could be produced. In 
1913 patents were issued for those com- 
positions. A little while before the patents 
were issued he erected a small building 
in South Union Street, Kokomo, for their 
commercial manufacture. Between the 
time of the allowance of the patents and 
their issue he completed the building and 
sold about $1,000 worth of metal. 

The alloys quickly proved to be a prac- 
tical success for lathe tools, and the busi- 
ness of their manufacture as commercial 
products grew rapidly. Near the end of 
the third year the business was organized 
into a corporation consisting of three mem- 
bers, Richard Ruddell, a banker, and James 
C. Patten, a manufacturer, both of Ko- 
komo. becoming associated with Mr. 
Haynes in the concern. The European 
war made a great market for its product. 
It has been stated on good authority that 
fully half of the shrapnel for the allies 
was made with Stellite tools. He also gave 
to the world "Stainless Steel," a rustless 
steel which is now used in the manufacture 
of valves for the Liberty ilotor and wires 
of aeroplanes, and in normal peace times 
this riTstless steel will certainly be extended 
in use to thousands of manufactured tools 
and products whei'e the elimination of rust 
is a long felt want. Since 1912 Mr. Haynes 
has been president of the Haynes Stellite 
Company. 

Mr. Haynes is a member of a number of 
organizations more or less directly con- 
nected with the automobile business, in- 
cludinsr the Iron and Steel Institute of 
Great Britain, American Chemical Society, 
International Congress of Applied Chem- 
istry, Society of Automotive Engineers, 
American Institute of iletals, Chicago 
Automobile Club, and the Hoosier Auto- 
mobile Club. Mr. Haynes is a Presby- 
terian and is a prohibitionist. On Octo- 
ber 21, 1887, he married Bertha Beatrice 
Lanterman, of Portland, Indiana. They 
have two children, a son and a daughter, 
both of whom assist their father in his ex- 
tensive laboratory work. 



1220 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Richard Ruddell. Continuously since 
it was organized in 1889 Richard Ruddell 
has been president of the Citizens National 
Bank of Kokomo. His business record in 
that city goes even further back, and 
through it all Mr. Ruddell has been one of 
the strong men financially in promoting 
the industrial growth and prosperity of the 
city, and in upholding all those activities 
by which a city's consequence is measured. 
' Mr. Ruddell was born August 31, 1850, 
in Rush County, Indiana, a son of George 
and Elizabeth (Bever) Ruddell. George 
Ruddell was a livestock dealer. Wlieu the 
son Richard was a year old the parents re- 
moved to Wabash County and the father 
continued business there for many years. 
Richard Ruddell attended public school in 
Wabash County, and as soon as his school 
days were finished he took up some em- 
ployment that would furnish him a living. 
He finally became clerk in a store at Wa- 
bash. After six years there he engaged in 
the boot and shoe business on his own ac- 
count, and here his enterprise and his 
ability to get large results were demon- 
strated. He kept broadening his estab- 
lishment until he had what might be called 
a complete department store, handling dry 
goods, boots and shoes and other wares. 

In 1882, having sold his Wabash store, 
Mr. Ruddell came to Kokomo and bought 
the old established dry goods house of 
Haskett & Company. He was proprietor 
of this business for six years. Then, asso- 
ciating himself with other local business 
men, he organized the Citizens National 
Bank, the organization being perfected on 
October 8, 1889. He has been its presi- 
dent ever since. The Citizens National 
Bank has an enviable record of strength 
and resources. It has capital stock of 
.$2.50,000, its surplus is still larger, and its 
deposits aggregate over $3,000,000. Mr. 
Ruddell is president, C. W. Landon is vice 
president, and Frank McCarty is cashier. 

JMr. Ruddell has been interested in a 
number of other business enterprises. He 
was one of the most prominent in promot- 
ing the Kokomo Steel Wire Company, and 
his name is connected with a number of 
other industries of lesser importance. He 
is president of the Globe Stove and Range 
Company and a stockholder and vice pres- 
ident of the Ilaynes Stellite Company. 
He is a large stockholder in several local 
business houses. Mr. Ruddell has served 
nine vears on the Kokomo Citv School 



Board, and three terms as secretary-treas- 
urer and three times as president. 

In Wabash, Indiana, Mr. Ruddell mar- 
ried Miss Rose McClain, daughter of Judge 
McClain of Wabash. They have three chil- 
dren, Ruth, Raymond, and Fred. Ruth 
married J. C. Patten, of Kokomo, and they 
have one son sixteen years old. J. C. Pat- 
ten was a lieutenant in the Tank service 
during the war. Fred, the younger son, is 
general manager of Globe Stove and Range 
Company. 

Horace P. Biddle. noted among the 
early Indiana lawyers, was born in Fair- 
field County, Ohio, about 1818. After 
studying law he was admitted to the bar 
at Cincinnati in 1839 and located at Lo- 
gansport, Indiana. During 1846-1852 he 
was presiding judge of the Eighth Judicial 
Circuit, was a member of the Indiana Con- 
stitutional Convention in 1850, and seven 
years later, in 1857, was elected supreme 
judge, but not commissioned. Outside of 
the strict line of his profession Judge 
Biddle translated from French and Ger- 
man posts, and was a contributor to nu- 
merous periodicals. 

Chalmer Lennox Bragdon for a man of 
thirty-five has had a volume of experience 
and activity such as come to few men 
many years his senior, and while he has 
seen the ups and downs and vicissitudes of 
existence he became successfully estab- 
lished in the automobile and tractor agency 
at Anderson, becoming sole proprietor of 
the C. L. Bragdon Sales Company, agents 
for the Chevrolet and Monroe cars and the 
Moline Universal Tractor. 

ilr. Bragdon was born on a farm near 
Lawrence in Marion County, Indiana, No- 
vember 18, 1882, son of James H. and 
Jennie (Murphy) Bragdon. He is of 
Scotch-Irish stock, and the family have 
been in America for manj' generations. 
His father followed farming during most 
of his life, but in 1888 moved to Ander- 
son and established a grocery store in the 
Hickey Block on South Sleridian Street. 
In 1893 he sold out and moved to Pendle- 
ton, where he was a grocer from 1894 until 
1901. In the latter year he retired to 
his farm and is now living at Oklahoma 
City. 

C. L. Bragdon gained his early education 
in the public schools of Anderson and 
Pendleton, and at the age of sixteen went 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN3 



1221 



to work assisting his father and doing every 
kind of service required in a groeerj' store. 

In 1901 Jlr. Bragdon married Muriel 
B. Ellington, daughter of Chalmus G. and 
Emma (Fisher) Ellington, of Pendleton, 
Indiana. They have one child, Glenna 
Frances, born in 1903. 

After his marriage Mr. Bragdon worked 
at different occupations at Anderson and 
Pendleton and finally became a clerk in the 
office of the superintendent of motive 
power for the Union Traction Company 
at Anderson. He was there until 1906, 
when on account of failing health he spent 
seven months recuperating at Houston, 
Texas. On returning to Indiana he located 
at Pendleton and for several years was a 
motorman with the Union Traction Com- 
pany. He became actively interested in 
organized labor and being very popular 
with his fellow T\-orkmen was elected presi- 
dent of the Anderson branch of the Amal- 
gamated A.ssociation of Street and Elec- 
trical Railway Employes. Upon Mr. 
Bragdon devolved the responsibility of 
calling the strike which almost I'dinpli'tel.y 
paralyzed interurban transpmiai khi nver 
the Union Traction Lines for three iiiDiiths 
in 1910. The events of the strike arc still 
familiar history in the minds of all the 
residents of Anderson, Muneie and other 
cities. The militia was finally put in charge 
of the situation, and after three months 
the strikers lost their cause and Mr. 
Bragdon as one of the strike leaders was 
of course summarily dismissed from the 
service of the company. Following that 
he returned to Lawrence, Indiana, his 
birthplace, and afterward did contract 
work at Fort Benjamin Harrison and also 
at Lawton, Oklahoma. For a time he sold 
cigars in Southern Oklahoma, and then 
became manager of a cigar store in Okla- 
homa City. After a year he returned to 
Pendleton, Indiana, and for two years was 
associated with the Dishler Company Cigar 
Store. He resigned and bought a cigar 
store in Pendleton, operated it three years, 
and in 1915 established himself in the 
automobile agency business, representing 
the Chevrolet car in IMarion County. Later 
he secured the agency for the southern 
half of Madison County and in April, 1917, 
returned to Anderson and opened his place 
of business at 1921 Central Avenue and 
109 East Ninth Street. He became one of 
the principal automobile distributors in 
Eastern Indiana and conducted a prosper- 



ous business with the several eai-s and tract- 
ors he represented. Mr. Bragdon is a 
republican in politics and a member of 
the Methodist Church. 

On April 9, 1918, after settling his busi- 
ness affairs, Mr. Bragdon answered the call 
of his country and was sent to Jefferson 
Barracks, Missouri. From there he was 
sent to Camp Hancock, Georgia, and from 
there to Camp Merritt, New Jersey, where 
he sailed for France after being in the 
service one month. In October he was 
gassed while lost in the Argonne forest 
and was sent into the Alps mountains to 
recuperate. After regaining his health he 
was promoted to ordnance sergeant the 
highest rank given in the Ordnance de- 
partment. Oi-dnance Sergeant Bragdon 
has been in France over a year. 

Charles Warren Fairbanks, former 
vice president of the United States, was 
born near Unionville Center, Union 
County, Ohio, Jlay 11, 1852, son of Loris- 
ton Monroe and Mary Adelaide (Smith) 
Fairbanks. His first American ancestor 
was Jonathan Fa.yerbanck, who landed in 
Boston in 1633 with his wife Grace Lee. 
He was a native of Sowerby, in the West 
Riding of Yorkshire and a Puritan of the 
extremest stamp. Not liking certain ways 
of the church in Boston, he pushed on to 
Dedham, ^Massachusetts, where he erected 
a large house of massive oaken timbers, 
which is still standing. Charles Warren 
Fairbanks is the ninth descendant from 
Jonathan. His grandfather, Luther, was 
born at Swansey, New Hampshire, and his 
father, Loriston Monroe, was born at 
Barnard, Vermont (1824), but made his 
way to Central Ohio in 1837 where he en- 
gaged in farming and wagon-making. The 
l)oy was a strong and vigorous youth with 
a predominating love for books. At the 
age of fifteen he was ready to enter the 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, 
and was graduated there in 1872. With 
the help of his uncle, William Henry Smith, 
who was general manager of the Western 
Associated Press, he secured a position as 
agent of the press association at Pitts- 
burgh. Penn.sylvania, and later at Cleve- 
land, Oliio. Here he found ample time 
while agent to pursue tlie study of law, and 
after sjiending one term in the Cleveland 
Law School, was admitted to the bar by the 
Supreme Court of Ohio in 1874. He began 



1222 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



the pi-actice of his profession in Iiuliaii- 
apolis, which has ever since been his home. 
He is said to have had but one criminal 
ease during his whole law experience, his 
conspicuous bent being: in the direction of 
industrial, transportation and commercial 
affairs. Large institutions in Indiana and 
the surrounding states became his clients 
and he conducted their suits and guided 
their operations with wise and farseeing 
judgment. For some time he kept aloof 
from politics, except to take part in the 
caucuses and movements of his party in his 
immediate neighborhood, but in 1888 he 
took charge of the presidential campaign 
of his friend, Walter Q. Gresham. At this 
time Indiana had two candidates for the 
presidency — Judge Gresham and Gen. Ben- 
jamin Harrison, and one of the most 
strenuously contested state campaigns fol- 
lowed, the result being that the Indiana 
delegates voted for General Harrison. 
Judge Gresham in the meantime had se- 
cured enough delegates in other states to 
give him second place when the balloting 
opened in the republican national conven- 
tion at Chicago, John Sherman of Ohio 
leading. James G. Blaine had the next 
largest following, which was thrown to 
Harrison to prevent the nomination of 
Sherman and controlled the nomination. 
Mr. Fairbanks was an influential partici- 
pant in every campaign of his party since 
that time. He was a delegate to all of the 
national conventions since 1896, except 
those of 1908 and 1916, when he was a 
candidate for the presidency. He secured 
the Indiana delegates for McKinley in 1896 
and at the latter "s personal request was 
made temporary chairman of the St. Louis 
convention, at which McKinlej- was nomi- 
nated, and delivered what is known as the 
"keynote" speech of the campaign. In 
1892, in a speech before the Indiana state 
convention, Mr. Fairbanks warned his 
party and the country against the tendency 
of both parties toward free silver, and in 
1896 he prepared and pushed through the 
convention of his state one of the first anti- 
free silver platforms adopted in this eonn- 
trj'. The party leaders attempted to in- 
duce him to omit any reference to silver, 
fearing that an anti-silver plank would de- 
feat the ticket, but he carried it to a deci- 
sive victory, recovering the Legislature of 
his state from the democrats and receiving 
the election to the United States Senate on 



January 20, 1897, bj- the unanimous vote 
of the republican members. He took his 
seat while ilajor McKinley was being 
sworn in as President, and alwa\\s re- 
mained a firm supporter of the national 
administration. In the convention which 
met in Philadelphia in 1900 he was made 
chairman of the committee on resolutions 
which reported the platform on which Mc- 
Kinley was renominated and re-elected by 
a triumphant majority. In 1902 he was a 
candidate to succeed himself and carried 
the Legislature by the largest majority but 
one in its histoiy and was unanimously 
re-elected on January 20, 1903. In the Sen- 
ate he served as chairman of the committee 
on immigration and on the committees on 
census, claims, geological survey and pub- 
lic buildings and grounds until 1901, when 
he was made chairman of the committee 
on public buildings and grounds and a 
member of the committees on the judiciary. 
Pacific Island and Porto Kico, i-elations 
with Canada, immigration and geological 
survey. In 1903, while continuing as chair- 
man of the committee on public buildings 
and grounds, his other assignments were 
changed to the judiciary, foreign relations, 
Canadian relations, coast and insular sur- 
vey, geological survey and immigration. 
His first speech in the Senate was in oppo- 
sition to Senator Morgan's resolution di- 
recting the President to recognize the bel- 
lisereney of the Cuban insurgents. In 1902 
when tiie French "West India Island of 
Martinque was devastated by the terrible 
eruption of ]\Iount Pelee he presented a 
resolution of appropriation for the relief 
of the suft'erers, which was promptly 
passed by both houses and for which serv- 
ice he received the thanks of the French 
republic. When the bill that provided for 
constructing the Panama Canal was under 
consideration he gave it his earnest sup- 
]xirt, and offered an amendment which pro- 
vided for the issuance of bonds to partially 
defrav tlie expense of the enterprise, there- 
by, eliminating the danger of having to 
suspend the work of construction for the 
want of ready funds and spreading the cost 
over the future instead of loading the en- 
tire burden upon the people of today. 
Under the protocol of May, 1898, a joint 
high commission was to be appointed by the 
United States and Great Britain for set- 
tling the Alaska boundary dispute and 
eleven other matters that had been irritat- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1223 



ing- the two countries, such as the fur seal, 
Northeastern fisheries, reciprocal mining 
rights, bonding goods for transit through 
each other's territory, the Rush-Bagot 
agreement of 1817 restricting armed ves- 
sels on the Great Lakes, reciprocity, etc. 
President McKinley appointed Senator 
Fairbanks a member and chairman of this 
commission. The other members of the 
commission were, Nelson Dingley, John W. 
Foster, John A. Kasson, Charles J. Faulk- 
ner and T. Jefferson Coolidge. Numerous 
sessions were held both in Quebec and 
Washington in 1898, 1899, 1901 and 1902. 
The commission tentatively agreed upon 
many of the questions in dispute but the 
British commissioners refused to settle any 
without an ad.]'ustment of the boundary 
question. They proposed that that subject 
he submitted to arbitration. Upon such an 
agreement they would proceed to close 
definitely the questions which were practi- 
cally agreed upon. In opposing this propo- 
sition Senator Fairbanks observed: "We 
cannot submit to a foreign arbitrator the 
determination of the Alaska coast line 
under the treaty between the United States 
and Russia of 1867. That coast line was 
established by the convention of 1825 be- 
tween Great Britain and Russia. This line 
has been carefully safeguarded by Russia, 
and the United States has invariably in- 
sisted that it should not be broken. Its 
integrity was never questioned by Great 
Britain until after the protocol of ^lay, 
1898. Much as we desire to conclude the 
questions which we have practically detei-- 
mined, we cannot cousent to settle them 
upon the condition that we must abandon 
to the chance of a European arbitrator a 
part of the domain of the United States 
upon which American citizens have actually 
built their homes and created industries 
long prior to any suggestion from Great 
Britain that she had anv claim of right 
thereto." In 1899 President McKinley 
sent Mr. Fairbanks to Alaska to ascertain 
any possible facts which might have a bear- 
ing upon the interpretation of the boun- 
dary dispute. 'Sir. Fairbanks proposed on 
behalf of the American commission that a 
joint tribunal composed of three jurists of 
repute from each country be vested to 
determine the boundary, a decision of a 
majority of the commissioners to be final. 
Great Britain declined this proposition and 
the commission adjourned subject to recall. 



Subsequently the method of settlement pro- 
posed by Mr. Fairbanks was agreed upon 
by the two countries through direct nego- 
tiation and after an elaborate hearing the 
contention of the United States was sus- 
tained, one of the British commissioners, 
the Lord Chief Justice of England, having 
concurred in the contention of the Ameri- 
can commissioners. In the republican 
party convention of 1904: Mr. Fairbanks 
was unanimously nominated vice president 
as the running mate of Theodore Roose- 
velt. He was elected by a large plurality 
and discharged the duties of his office 
with dignity and a true sense of fairness. 
In 1908 his name was prominentl.v men- 
tioned for the presidential nomination. 
After his retirement from office, accom- 
panied by IMrs. Fairbanks, he made a tour 
of the world. In 1916 he was again nomi- 
nated for vice president on the ticket with 
Judge Charles E. Hughes. The election 
was unusually close, but President Wilson 
was returned to office. 

Mr. Fairbanks was a trustee of Ohio 
Wesleyan University, De Pauw University 
and the American University. Ohio Wes- 
lej'an conferred upon him the degree LL. 
D. in 1901. He received the same degree 
from Baker University (1903), Iowa State 
Universitv (1903) and Northwestern Uni- 
versity (1907). Until a short time before 
his death he was president of the ]\Iethodist 
Episcopal Hospital of Indiana, the Indiana 
Foresti-y Association and a regent of the 
Smithsonian Institution. 

Mr. Fairbanks married in 1874 Cornelia, 
daughter of Judge P. B. Cole of ^Marys- 
ville. Ohio. She was a graduate of Ohio 
Wesleyan L'niversity, an active worker in 
the affairs of the National Society of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution and 
its president for two terms, 1901-1905; a 
promoter of the Junior Republic movement 
and prominent in benevolent activities. 
She died in 1913. 

During the early summer of 1918 the 
American people followed for several weeks 
with much anxiety the continued reports 
of Mr. Fairbanks' illness and decline. He 
died at his Indianapolis home June 4, 1918. 
Sober thinking Americans regard his death 
the more keenly because he had apparently 
not yet exhausted his powers and his op- 
portunities for great national usefulness. 
And such men as Charles W. Fairbanks 
are needed now and will be needed in the 



1224 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



next few years until the ship of state has 
regained the quiet harbor of peace. It was 
his great misfortune and that of the Ameri- 
can people generally that he could not live 
to see the end of the tragic period in the 
midst of which his death came. 

The above paragraphs were written while 
Mr. Fairbanks was still living. Those who 
regard his life as one big with achievement 
and yet incomplete because he died so 
soon, will often ask themselves the question 
as to what his attitude and action would 
be in the subsequent stages of American 
national affairs. Those questions can never 
be answered and yet it is peculiarity ap- 
propriate to inquire as to his attitude and 
opinions regarding national and interna- 
tional problems in the months preceding his 
death. 

The best information obtainable on this 
matter is found in the review of his life 
wi'itten by his former private secretary, 
George B. Loekwood. Jlr. Lockwood 
wrote : 

"During the last two or three troubled 
years those associated with Mr. Fairbanks 
know that the" greater part of his waking 
hours were devoted to anxious thought as 
to national affairs. He regarded with great 
apprehension the drift of the country 
toward the brink of war from the begin- 
ning of the European struggle. There was 
no more whole-hearted supporter of the 
national cause when the participation of 
the United States in the war became inevi- 
table. He was exceedingly proud of his 
son Richard who entered the army and 
was advanced to the post of cap- 
tain and acting major, through merit 
and who served in France. Mr. Fair- 
banks believed that the most important 
period in our national historj% next to 
the present vital emergency, would be 
that immediately following the war when 
the problem of reconstruction would occupy 
the attention of the whole world. He was a 
strong advocate of the reduction of arma- 
ment and the establishment of the policy 
of internationally enforced arbitration of 
disputes among nations. His ardor in this 
cause was made greater hy his visits to the 
capitals of Europe ten years ago. He came 
home believing that the arming of nations 
against one another, which he saw on every 
band, pointed inevitably toward a general 
European war. 

"Mr. Fairbanks always believed that the 



Spanish-American war could have been 
avoided if the people and congress had 
not been too insistent upon war, and that 
Spain woiild have peacefully withdrawn 
from the western hemisphere if given an 
opportunity to retire without too much 
loss of face. 

"His Americanism was undivided; his 
prejudice against foreign factionalism of 
any kind in the United States intense. He 
did not confine his opposition to hyphe- 
nated citizenship to German Americanism, 
but believed that prominent propaganda 
in behalf of any European nation or 
against any nation with which we are at 
peace was iinpatriotic. He resented the 
crusade against Americans of German 
stock merely because of their descent, in 
case their loyalty was as unquestioned as 
that of their neighbors of any other Euro- 
pean strain. * * * j^o American 
could be more bitterly opposed than was 
ilr. Fairbanks to the type of Government 
Prussia has proved itself to be in the pres- 
ent war. His hope of good from the pres- 
ent war was a treaty of peace which will 
make unnecessary vast expenditures for 
military and naval purposes, first of all be- 
cause he believed that a failure to end this 
system in Euroi^e would make necessary 
its adoption in the United States as a 
means of self preservation." 

From the wealth of tributes that poured 
forth from the press and distinguished men 
of the country at the time of his death, one 
of the most impartial and dignified was 
that written by former President Taft, 
with whose words this sketch may properly 
conclude. 

"Charles "Warren Fairbanks was an 
able, industrious, effective, patriotic and 
high-minded public servant. Few men 
knew more of the practical workings of the 
Government of the United States. For 
years he served on the judiciary and the 
foreign relations committees of the senate. 
He was one of the working men on both. 
Some men in congress neglect committee 
work and seek reputation by the more 
spectacular method of set speeches on the 
floor. The real discussion and the careful 
statesmanlike framing of messages takes 
place in committee. Here ]\Ir. Fairbanks 
applied himself most actively and rendered 
distinguished service. 

"A .successful practitioner at the bar, Mr. 
Fairbanks had entered polities independent 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1225 



in means. No breatli of suspicion was as- 
sociated with his fair name. One of hi.s 
warm friendships was for Major MeKin- 
le.y. When the latter ran for the presi- 
dency and after he became President he 
counted on the aid and advice of ]Mr. Fair- 
banks and lie had them in rich measure. 

"ilr. Fairbanks was a dignified, impar- 
tial and courteous presiding officer of the 
senate as vice president and his friends 
were on both sides of the chamber. He 
aspired to the presidency and he was right 
in doing so, for his experience, his ability 
and his public spirit would have enabled 
him to discharge its duties most acceptably 
and well. Few men could have been better 
prepared. He was a party man and a loyal 
republican. He was a wise counselor in 
party matters and a real leader. No one 
called on him for disinterested party serv- 
ice in vain. 

"He was better loved and respected in 
his own state and city than anywhere else 
because he was personally better known 
there. He was said to be cold. This was 
most un.just. He was genial, kindly, hospi- 
table and human as his friends and neigh- 
bors knew. Since Mr. Fairbanks' retire- 
ment and my own I came to know him well 
and to value highly his very exceptional 
fpialities as a public spirited citizen and as 
a man. I greatly mourn his death." 

John H. Holliday. "While many im- 
portant activities serve to link the name 
John H. Holliday with the broader life of 
Indiana, including his present position as 
head of one of its largest financial organi- 
zations, his biggest service was no doubt 
the founding of the Indianapolis News, 
over whose editorial management he pre- 
sided for twenty-three years. While his 
active connection with the News was sev- 
ered a quarter of a century ago, much of 
the vitality which he imparted to its busi- 
ness conduct and the tone and character 
he gave to its editorial columns still re- 
main. Among the many newspaper men 
who worked for the News when it was un- 
der the direction of Mr. Holliday all have 
a deep apjireeiation of the ideals he stood 
for and inaintained and his influence as a 
great newspaper man. John H. Holli- 
day made the News a paper of intellectual 
ditrnity, as well as a power in the political 
life of the state and a molder of public 



opinion and an advocate of righteous 
causes. 

His constant loyalty to Indianapolis and 
Indiana has been that of a native son. 
John Hampden Holliday was born at In- 
dianapolis, May 31, 1846, a son of Rev. 
William A. and Lucia (Shaw) Holliday. 
His paternal grandfather, Samuel Holli- 
day, came to Indiana Territory in 1816, 
and by his labors a.ssisted in making In- 
diana the habitation and home of civil- 
ized men. Rev. William A. Holliday was 
born in Harrison County, Kentucky, in 
1803, and was for many years an able min- 
ister of the Presbyterian Church. He was 
a graduate of Miami University at Oxford, 
Ohio, and of the Princeton Theological 
Seminary. In 1833 he became pa.stor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Indian- 
apolis and later served other churches. 
For a number of years he was engaged in 
educational work, being a professor in 
Hanover College when compelled by sick- 
ness to give up his activity. He died in 
Indianapolis in 1866, at the age of sixty- 
three. His wife, Lucia Shaw, was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1805, and 
died there in 1881, at the age of seventy- 
five. One of their sons, William A., Jr., 
followed the example of his father and be- 
came a prominent minister. A daughter. 
Miss Grettie T., has been for many years 
a laborer in the missionary fields of Persia. 

John H. Holliday attended the common 
schools of Indianapolis during the decade 
of the '50s, spent four years in North- 
western Christian Univer.sity, now Butler 
University, and in 1864 graduated A. B. 
from Hanover College at Hanover, In- 
diana. Hanover College conferred upon 
him the ^Master of Arts degree in 1867. 
and for a number of years he has been one 
of the college trustees. 

Just before his gi-aduation he was in 
the ranks of the One Hundred and Thirty- 
Seventh Indiana Infantry and spent four 
months with that organization in iliddle 
Tennessee. It was a hundred days regi- 
ment, and on the expiration of his "terai he 
re-enlisted for three .vears in the Seven- 
tieth Infantry, but was rejected by the 
examining surgeon. 

Newspaper work was Mr. Holliday 'sfir.st 
love. In 1866 he was a member of the edi- 
torial staff of the Indianapolis Gazette 
and later worked for the Indianapolis 



1226 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Herald, the Indianapolis Sentinel, and was 
local correspondent for the New York 
Herald, the Journal and the Kepublican 
of Chicago, and the Cincinnati Gazette. 

Mr. Holliday founded the Indianapolis 
News in 1869. It was the first permanent 
afternoon paper and has a specially envi- 
able distinction in being the first two-cent 
paper established west of the City of Pitts- 
burg. As Mr. Dunn in the History of 
Greater Indianapolis said: "It's plain 
makeup, condensed form, and refusal to 
print advertisments as editorial matter 
soon made it popular. It was well edited. 
:Mr. Holliday 's editorials were plain, pithy 
and to the point as a rule. His one fail- 
ing was in not realizing how important 
and valuable a paper he had established. 
One element of the success of the News 
was employing the best wTiters available 
in every department. The News could al- 
ways boast of being well written and well 
edited, and that has been a large factor in 
its success." 

Mr. Holliday continued as editor and 
principal owner of the News until 1892, 
when impaired health compelled his re- 
tirement. Many newspaper men graduate 
from their profession into business and 
politics, but with few exceptions newspa- 
per life exercises a strong hold upon its 
devotees even when they become engaged 
in other fields. It was perhaps for this 
reason that Mr. Holliday, in 1899, resigned 
his position with the Union Trust Com- 
pany and became associated with William 
J. Richards in establishing the Indianapo- 
lis Press. He was editor of the Press 
throiighout its brief existence, until 1901, 
when the Press was consolidated with the 
Indianapolis News. 

In May, 1893, :Mr. Holliday effected the 
organization of the Union Trust Company 
of Indianapolis. It was incorporated with 
a capital of $600,000, and with its present 
imposing financial strength it stands also 
as a monument to the lifework of Mr. Hol- 
liday. He was the first president of the 
company, continued as a director while 
he was as.soeiated with the Press, and in 
June, 1901, resumed his responsibilities as 
administrative head. In 1916 he became 
chairman of the board. 

:\Ir. Holliday is a director in a number 
of financial and industrial organizations 
in Indiana. He is a director of the Me- 
Cormick Theological Seminary of Chicago, 



trustee of the Presbyterian Synod of In- 
diana, member of the Board of State Chari- 
ties, president of the Indianapolis Charity 
Organization Society, a former president 
of the Board of Trade, and is one of the 
oldest members of the First Presbj-terian 
Church and has served as ruling elder 
many years. He is a member of Thomas 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, Com- 
mercial Club, University Club, Indianapo- 
lis Literary Club, the Phi Beta Kappa and 
Phi Kamma Delta fraternity, and has at- 
tained the Supreme Honorary thirty-third 
degree in the Supreme Council of Scottish 
Rite Masonry. In 1916 Wabash College 
conferred on him the honorary degree of 
LL. D. 

November 4, 1875, Mr. Holliday mar- 
ried Evaline M. Rieman, of Baltimore, 
Maryland. She was born at Baltimore, 
daughter of Alexander and Evaline (Mae- 
farlane) Rieman. Her father was a Balti- 
more merchant. The seven children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Holliday are: Alexander 
Rieman, a civil engineer and contractor, 
widely known for his work in railroad and 
bridge construction and in electric power 
production; Mrs. Lucia Macbeth; Mrs. 
Evelyn M. Patterson ; Lieutenant John H., 
Jr., a mechanical engineer who died in the 
United States service; Mary E., who has 
been engaged in Young Women's Cliristian 
Association service abroad since 1917; 
Mrs. Elizabeth C. Hitz; and Mrs. Katha- 
rine H. Daniels. 

Thomas Riley ^Marshall. Of few of 
the men upon whom the State of Indiana 
as a whole has conferred distinguished pub- 
lic honors could the record be stated so 
briefly as in the case of Thomas Riley Mar- 
shall. He was governor of Indiana from 
1909 to 1913, and left that oflSce to become 
vice president of the United States. These 
are the only elective offices he has held 
throughout the forty odd yeai-s since his 
admi.ssion to the Indiana bar. The most 
vaulting ambition has seldom been gratified 
with such distinctive honors as have fallen 
to the lot of this quiet, gentle mannered, 
dignified and able Indiana lawyer. 

He is in every sense an Indianan, "to 
the manner born." His own career is an 
honorable reflection upon the good blood 
of his ancestors. His mother was a direct 
descendant of the famous Charles Carroll 
of Carrollton, Marvland, the last surviving 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1227 



signer of the Declaration of Independence. 
The founder of the family in Indiana was 
his grandfather, Riley Marshall, who about 
the close of the second war with Great Bri- 
tain came from Greenbrier County, Vir- 
ginia, and located first in Randolph County 
and later in Grant County, where he ac- 
quired 640 acres of land, including the site 
of the present City of ]\Iarion. Riley Mar- 
shall was one of the fii"st Board of County 
Commissioners of Grant County and first 
clerk of the Circuit Court. The family 
were long prominent at Marion. 

One of his sons was Dr. Daniel M. Mar- 
shall, father of the vice president. He was 
born in Randolph Countj^ March 5, 1823, 
was well educated for the profession of 
medicine, and gave almost a half century 
of devoted service in that capacity to the 
people of Northern Indiana. Though a 
democrat, he was an opponent of slavery 
and a stanch Union man. For a year or 
so before the outbreak of the war he en- 
deavored to practice medicine at LaGrange, 
Missouri, but his uncompromising attitude 
toward slavery made his residence there 
so unpleasant that he returned to Indiana. 
At different times he maintained his profes- 
sional headquarters at "Wabash, North 
Manchester and Pierceton. He died in Co- 
lumbia City, Indiana, October 10, 1892. 
Doctor Marshal! married Martha E. Patter- 
son, who passed away December 5, 1894. 
Both were active members of the Presb.v- 
terian Church. Of their children, a son 
and daughter. Vice President Marshall is 
the only survivor. 

Thomas Riley Marshall was born at 
North ^Manchester, Wabash County, In- 
diana, JIarch 14, 1854. His early education 
was unusually thorough. He attended 
public schools, and from there entered old 
Wabash College at Crawfordsville. where 
he was graduated A. B. in 1873 and A. il. 
in 1876. His alma mater honored him 
with the degree LL. D. in 1909, and he has 
had similar honors from Notre Dame Uni- 
versity in 1910, University of Pennsylvania 
in 1911, University of North Carolina in 
1913 and University of :\Iaine in 1914. 
While in college ilr. Marshall was made a 
Phi Beta Kappa, a fraternity of which his 
kinsman. Chief Justice John JIarshall, was 
the founder. 

Prom Wabash College Mr. :\Iarshall re- 
moved to Fort Wayne and began the study 
of law under Judge Walter Olds, who later 



became a .iustiee of the Indiana Supreme 
Court. He was admitted to the Indiana 
bar on his twenty-first birthday, in 1875. 
The previous year he had taken up his home 
at Columbia City, where he still has his 
legal place of residence. There for the next 
thirty years he gave an undeviating atten- 
tion to a growing practice as a lawyer. He 
was a member of the firm Marshall & Mc- 
Nagny from 1876 to 1892, and from the lat- 
ter year until he was inaugurated gov- 
ernor was head of the firm ^larshall, Me- 
Nagny & Clugston. 

An apt characterization of his work as 
a lawyer and as a citizen was written about 
the time he made his campaign for gover- 
nor in the following words : ' ' His practice 
now extends throughout northern Indiana. 
He is a lawyer of note, who serves corpora- 
tions and all other clients alike, but is not 
of the sort that forgets principle and duty 
to his fellow men in the furtherance of the 
interests of a corporate client who seeks to 
array greed against public interests. He 
has been an important factor in many of 
the most famous criminal trials in this part 
of the state, and his pleading before juries 
always attracts throngs to the court room. 
He is well known as a political and court 
orator. Mr. Marshall is associated in the 
practice of law with W. E. McNagny and 
P. H. Clugston. Mr. Marshall has been a 
candidate only once before in his political 
career. In 1880 he was induced to take 
the nomination for prosecuting attorney in 
what was then a strong republican district 
and was defeated. As a party leader Mr. 
^larshall has always been known for his 
diligence. In 1896 and 1898 he was chair- 
man of the Twelfth District Democratic 
Committee and did much hard work for the 
party, making speeches all over the north- 
ern end of the state. He has always been 
known for his liberality toward the other 
fellow's campaign fund, but when it comes 
down to his own campaign he stands 
squarely on the platform of anti-currency. 
He is called old-fashioned because of his 
ideas about a campaign fund for himself, 
but he declares it is a principle that is im- 
bedded in his soul." 

^Ir. Marshall achieved the distinction of 
leading the democratic party to victory in 
the State of Indiana in the campaign of 
1908, and entered upon his duties as gov- 
ernor the following January. It is sufifi- 
cient to say that Indiana had a thoroughly 



1228 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



progressive administration during the next 
four years, and his record as governor not 
only strengthened the party in the confi- 
dence of the people so as to insure the vic- 
tory of the state ticket in 1912, but it made 
Thomas R. Marshall one of the dominant 
figures iu the middle west, and as such his 
selection as running mate of Woodrow Wil- 
son was justified not only on the score of 
political expedienc.y but by real fitness for 
the responsibilities and possibilities of that 
office. Slerely as a matter of record for 
the future it should be noted that he was 
renominated for the otBee of vice president 
at the St. Louis Convention of 1916 and 
his second term as vice president extends 
from 1917 to 1921. 

Mr. Marshall has for many years been 
a trustee of Wabash College. He is a mem- 
ber of the Phi Gamma Delta College fra- 
ternity, of the Presbyterian Church, and 
has attained the supreme honorary thirty- 
third degree in Scottish Rite Masonry. 
October 2, 1895, Mr. Marshall married Miss 
Lois Kimsey, of Angola, Indiana. Her 
father. William E. Kimsey, was for many 
years an influential citizen of Steuben 
County and held various positions of pub- 
lie trust. 

Hon. Samuel M. R.vlston, the centen- 
nial governor of Indiana, is a figure of 
enduring interest to the people of Indiana 
not only because of his services as chief 
executive from 1913 to 1917, but also for 
his rare and forceful personality and in- 
dividual character. 

His Americanism is a matter of intei'est- 
ing record. His great-grandfather, An- 
drew Ralston, was born in Scotland, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1753, and when a very young 
bo.v came with his parents to this country. 
The family settled in Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania. With the exception of Andrew and 
his sister his father's entire family was 
massacred by the Indians. Later he en- 
tered the Revolutionary war and served 
seven years and four months in the Conti- 
nental army. He was a member of the 
Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment. He was 
taken prisoner on Long Island August 27, 
1776, and was wounded at the battle of 
Brandywine. 

After the war Andrew Ralston married 
Sophia Waltemeyer. Among the children 
born to them was David Ralston, who mar- 
ried Sarah Wickard. While they were liv- 



ing in Pennsylvania their sou John, father 
of former Governor Ralston, was born June 
8, 1811. 

In the maternal line Governor Ralston is 
a grandson of Alexander Scott, who was 
born in Ireland in 1775 and came at an 
early day to Pennsjdvania. He married 
Gertrude Kerr, who belonged to a promi- 
nent and talented family in Adams County, 
Pennsylvania. Among the children born 
to them was Sarah on March 31. 1821, 
mother of Samuel M. Ralston. The latter 
therefore is of Scotch-Irish blood, the blood 
that has given to this country so many of 
its great leaders. 

David Ralston, with his wife and only 
child, John, went to Ohio to live, and 
shortly after making his new home iu the 
woods he died, leaving John three years 
old. The Scotts also became residents of 
Ohio. It was in Ohio that John Ralston 
and Sarah Scott married, and while they 
were living on a farm near New Cumber- 
land, Tuscarawas County, Samuel Moffett 
Ralston was born December 1. 1857. 

In 1865, when he was in his eighth year, 
his parents moved to Owen County. In- 
diana, where his father purchased and op- 
erated a large stock farm and where he 
lived until 1873. Financial reverses, re- 
sulting from the panic of that year, over- 
took his father, who had been a successful 
farmer and livestock dealer, and served to- 
deprive the growing boy, then sixteen years 
old, of many advantages he otherwise 
would have enjoyed. 

His parents were Presbyterians, and a 
religions atmosphere pervaded their home, 
in which they had and reared eight chil- 
dren, four bo.ys and four girls. The father 
\\'as for more than forty years an elder 
in the Presbyterian Church. His mother 
was a most kind hearted woman, strongly 
attached to her home, and always inter- 
ested in the appearance and welfare of her 
children. 

Samuel knew trials and difficulties with- 
out number, on the farm, in the biitcher 
business and in the coal mine but he bore 
them cheerfully and never ceased in his 
efforts to fit himself for a higher calling. 
For seven j^ears he taught school during 
the winter mouths and attended school dur- 
ing the summer. He was graduated August 
1. 1884, in the scientific course of the Cen- 
tral Indiana Normal College at Danville, 
Indiana. 



INDIANA AND INDTANANS 



1229 



While attending- school at Danville ilr. 
Kalston made the acquaintance of ^liss Jen- 
nie Craven, of Hendricks County, a woman 
of great strength of character whom he 
married December 30, 1889. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ralston have three children : Emmet Grat- 
tan, a graduate of Purdue University and 
an electrical engineer; Julian Craven, a 
graduate of Indiana University and an as- 
sistant in the passport division in the office 
of secretary of state at Washington ; and 
Ruth, now a student at De Pauw Univer- 
sity. 

Their home has always been known for 
its hospitality, amiability and cheer. As is 
usual in such fortunate marriages, the su- 
perior mental and moral endowments of the 
wife are a constant source of encourage- 
ment and inspiration to the husband. Mr. 
Kalston experiences real pleasure in saying 
he owes much to the good sense and gen- 
uineness of her nature, and, above all, to 
her high standard of life. Mrs. Ralston 
is a much loved woman in Indiana. These 
years of happy domestic life have fixed in 
each the fundamental principles of sane 
and sound living. 

Mr. Ralston read law in the office of 
Robinson & Fowler at Spencer, Owen 
( "ounty, Indiana. He took up his legal 
studies in September, 1884, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in the Owen Circuit 
Court January 1, 1886. In the following 
June he entered upon the practice of his 
profession at Lebanon, Boone County, In- 
diana. Here he enjoyed a paying practice 
until he went to the governor's office. 

Politically Mr. Ralston has always been 
identified with the democratic party. He 
was his party's candidate for joint senator 
for Boone, Clinton and Montgomery coun- 
ties in 1888, but went to defeat with his 
party in a republican district. Twice he 
was a candidate for secretary of state, re- 
spectively in 1896 and 1898, and was de- 
feated for the nomination for governor in 
190S bv Vice President Thomas R. Mar- 
shall. 

In 1912 there were expressions all over 
the state that now had come the time to 
nominate "Sam Ralston" for governor. So 
conclusive were the reasons that, though it 
was well known that several able men were 
ambitious to be honored with the nomina- 
tion, when the convention assembled in 
Tomlinson Hall March 17, 1912, no other 
name than that of Samuel ^I. Ralston was 
Vol. ni— 2 



presented for governor, and his nomina- 
tion followed by acclamation. 

Something of an explanation of this evi- 
dence of genuine popularity was furnished 
by two unique demonstrations in Mr. 
Ralston 's home town, Lebanon, partici- 
pated in by all of Boone County. At one 
of these gatherings' former Judge B. S. 
Higgins, before whom Mr. Ralston had 
practiced for six years and with whom he 
had tried cases for many more years spoke 
thus: "Mr. Ralston is the most courage- 
ous man I ever knew. He is the fairest 
man in debate I ever saw in court. His 
magnanimity is as large as humanity. 
Were I Mr." Ralston I should regard these 
tributes from my friends and neighbors 
spoken voluntarily and sincerely this after- 
noon as a greater honor than any other 
that could come ; greater than to be gover- 
nor ; greater than to be United States sena- 
Lor ; greater than to be the occupant of the 
White House and wield the scepter over the 
greatest of earth's republics; greater than 
all these is it to have lived in the midst 
of his neighbors in this little city and to 
have won and to have deserved these words 
of love and appreciation from those who 
have known him longest and best." 

More noteworthy, perhaps, was the meet- 
ing held by the women of the same locality, 
regardless of all political affiliations. They 
said of him: "We, the women of Boone 
county, appreciate to the highest extent the 
honor that would be ours could we give to 
our state her governor. Mr. Ralston came 
to Lebanon a good many years ago, when he 
was a young man. Here he brought ilrs. 
Ralston a bride, and here their children 
were born. So when we, the women of the 
county, and more sti'ictly the women of Le- 
banon, say that this meeting is an expres- 
sion of our regard, we speak with under- 
standing. We are here in great numbers as 
a tribute to a friend of our homes, a friend 
to our children, a friend to our schools, a 
friend to our churches, a friend to the 
friendless, a friend of the whole communi- 
ty, and, if called to the governorship, as we 
hope he will be, the great state of Indiana 
will never have a more loyal or true friend 
than Samuel M. Ralston." 

It now remains to review some of the 
outstanding facts of the service into which 
he was initiated after the remarkable cam- 
paign of 1912, when Mr. Ralston was 
elected governor by an unprecedented plu- 



1230 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



rality. The destiny of events made him 
governor at the centennial of Indiana's ad- 
luission to the Union, and it has been well 
said that no other governor during the one 
hundred years of statehood, with the single 
exception of War Governor Morton, had 
been so continnously confronted with sitna- 
tions requiring the greatest of conrage and 
strength than had the centennial governor. 

Governor Ralston 's remarkable strength 
of body and mind, his quick and sure in- 
sight into the intricacies of civic machinery, 
his readiness for instant action, gave him 
a wonderful mastery over the details of his 
ofSce and made him a most excellent judge 
of state and economic problems. Courage 
and determination marked his conduct 
while in office. No selfish consideration 
could persuade him from a judgment that 
he pronounced sound and that called for 
prompt and efficient action. The keynote 
of his administration is doubtless found 
in the inaugural address of January 13, 
1913, in the course of which he said: "As 
governor I shall have no favorites in the 
execution of the law, and let it now be 
understood that I shall hold that the mind 
wliich devises a scheme that is in violation 
of law is guiltier than the dependent hands 
that execute the offense in obedience to 
orders." 

That Governor Ralston is a man pos- 
sessed of real courage was strikingly illus- 
trated during the great street car strike in 
Indianapolis in October and November, 
1913. The strike had, with premeditation, 
been called on the eve of the city election 
in the hope of embarrassing the executive 
by the necessity of calling out the troops 
to avert a riot and insurrection. The gov- 
ernor had up to this time been unsuccess- 
ful in effecting au adjustment between the 
striking employes and the traction com- 
pany. The mayor insisted that the gov- 
ernor call a special session of the Legis- 
lature and procure the passage of a com- 
pulsory arbitration law. The ^Merchants 
Association and business interests de- 
manded that the governor call out the Na- 
tional Guard to establish order. The union 
men protested that such an act would pre- 
cipitate riot and bloodshed such as had 
never been seen before. 

On the night of November 5th the gover- 
nor called out the entire National Guard. 
At noon on the following day many thou- 
sands of the strikers and their sympathizers 



gathered on the lawn about' the south door 
of the State House, protesting against the 
calling out of the troops. The cry was 
started for the governor to address them. 
Contrary to the solicitous advice of 
friends the governor appeared on the State 
House steps. Then followed a speech that 
not only allayed fear and appi-ehension, 
but broke the backbone of the strike. The 
governor spoke without preparation, but 
with profound thoughtfnlness, and the men 
went away assured in their hearts that they 
had a friend in the governor's chair; that 
he knew their burdens and was willing to 
share these with them. Capital knew that 
he was a man who could not be stampeded 
by shouts and demands. With the exercise 
of keen personal judgment and rare 
courage, Governor Ralston was able to 
control the situation. He refused to put 
the troops into the streets to force the im- 
mediate action of the cars, but demanded 
that the street ear company through him 
treat with the strikers. His firmness won 
the day. His services as arbitrator were 
effective and the City of Indianapolis re- 
turned to normal life. 

Under the leadership of Governor Ral- 
ston the Legislatures of 1913 and 1915 
passed many acts for the protection of the 
working man and the betterment of his 
working and living conditions and the pro- 
tection of society. Laws were passed pro- 
viding for the prohibition of the sale of 
habit-forming drugs, for the conservation 
of our natural resources, development of 
livestock industry, prevention of tubercu- 
losis, for industrial aid to the blind, for the 
regulation of hospital and tenement houses, 
and for securing a supply of pure water 
and the establishment of children's play- 
grounds. In 1915 there was passed, with 
the support of the governor, a law that 
effectually stamped out the social evil and 
abolished the redlight district. Two of the 
outstanding pieces of constructive legisla- 
tion of his administration were the Public 
Utilities Law and the Vocational Educa- 
tional Act. 

The state educational institutions had for 
years been embarrassed for the want of 
funds. Governor Ralston favored putting 
them on a safe financial basis, and this his 
administration did. As governor he was 
and as a private citizen he has always been 
a strong advocate of popular education. 

Governor Ralston favored the creation of 



INDIANA AND IXDIAXAXS 



1231 



a iion-pcilitical and non-salaried Centennial 
Connnission of nine members. The purpose 
was to provide for the celebration of the 
One Hundredth Anniversary of the admis- 
sion of the state to the Union. He also 
advised that a considerable portion of the 
appropriation made for that celebration 
should be used in historical research and 
in collecting and compiling historical docu- 
ments which shall be a permanent contribu- 
tion to the state's history. 

For many years Indiana carried a heavy 
debt. It had been an issue in every cam- 
paign of more or less consequence for forty 
years, but no party and no leader had been 
Avilling to take a stand for its early liquida- 
tion. Governor Ralston was, and "before his 
administration closed the state paid the 
last cent it owed, and for the first time in 
eighty years was out of debt, with $3,755,- 
997.98 in its treasury, when he went out of 
otSce. 

Realizing the important part good roads 
play in our civilization, Governor Ralston 
in 1914 appointed a non-partisan highway 
commission, composed of five distinguished 
citizens of the state. In the spring of 1915 
he called a meeting of the governors of 
seven states for the purpose of considering 
the construction of a National Highway 
from Chicago to Jacksonville, Florida, to 
be known as the Dixie Highway. The meet- 
ing was held in Chattanooga in April, 1915, 
and is regarded as the greatest highway 
meeting ever held both in point of attend- 
ance and importance of the scheme under 
consideration. 

Under his administration a State Park 
system was inaugurated and Turkey Run, 
picturesque and beautiful, was saved to the 
state and generations to come. 

Early ^Monday morning, June 18, 1916, 
the national government called the Indiana 
National Guard into Federal Service on 
account of the Mexican border trouble. In 
response to this call the Guard was 
mobilized, recruited to war strength, and 
the regimental and brigade organizations 
completed with dispatch and efficiency 
through the assistance of the governor's 
able ad.iutant general, Franklin L. Bridges, 
and without any man's merits being disre- 
garded through partisan prejudices. 

This was the only time in Indiana's his- 
tory that she furnished the federal govern- 
ment a completed brigade organization. 
The governor put it under the command 



of Edward il. Lewis, a colonel in 
the United States army, whom he named 
for brigadier-general. Brigadier-General 
Lewis was a graduate of West Point Mili- 
tary Academy, and was the tirst brigadier- 
general the state ever had in charge of an 
Indiana brigade. 

The One Hundredth Anniversarj' of 
Perry's Victory and the Fiftieth Anniver- 
sary of the battle of Gettysburg were cele- 
brated, and the Panama-Pacific Interna- 
tional Exposition at San Francisco was 
held during Governor Ralston 's adminis- 
tration. He represented his state and made 
an appropriate speech on each of these 
events. He was the friend of the old sol- 
dier throughout his administration, and in 
its report to him the commission that had 
charge of the Gettysburg celebration says : 
■'To your Excellency, who from first to 
last has been the friend of this movement, 
going with us to Gettysburg, staying with 
us while there, coming home with us on our 
return, and thus making yourself thor- 
oughly one of us, the Commission cannot 
adequately express its thanks." 

Great as were the services he rendered 
the state there was no bluster or pretense 
about the centennial governor. He pursued 
the even tenor of his way and his acts met 
with the approval, with but few exceptions, 
of the entire press of Indiana. The oppo- 
sition with which he was met from the 
press was due to political reasons and to 
the fact that he would not receive his 
orders from the editorial room of any news- 
paper. 

Governor Ralston in his final message to 
the Legislature January 5, 1917, just be- 
fore retiring from office as governor, rec- 
ommended for passage a great number of 
important bills. They were progressive 
measures and showed him to be strong in 
his sympathy with the people. One inter- 
ested in state affairs will profit by reading 
these messages. 

Governor Ralston has an abiding faith in 
the destiny of our nation and in its ability 
to overcome all difficulties to which it may 
be subjected. He proved himself strong, 
efficient and faithful in guiding with a mas- 
ter hand the affairs of the state that has 
always been ready to do its share of the 
nation's work. 

As chief of the commonwealth he rose 
to social eminence without forgetting the 
humble homes. He was always careful to 



1232 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



meet every father or mother who visited 
the g-overuor's office in the interest of an 
inmate of any of our institutions. Neither 
power nor position has marred his innate 
good will towards all mankind. And more 
of the thoughtful good will of the people 
was directed affectionately toward him 
when he left office than when he entered. 

Booth Tarkington. Of Indiana natives 
^yllo have attained national distinction in 
literature none is more thoroughly an In- 
diana product than Booth Tarkington, the 
novelist and dramatist. His grandfather, 
Rev. Joseph Tarkington, a native of Ten- 
nessee, came to Indiana with his parents in 
1815, and located first at Harrison's Block- 
house (now Edwardsport, Knox County) 
and later in the wilds west of Bloomington. 
Joseph Tarkington was converted at a 
camp-meeting in 1820, and entered the min- 
istry of the Methodist Church in 1824, be- 
comuig in his long service one of the best 
known of the Methodist preachers in In- 
diana and Illinois. He man-ied Maria 
Stevenson, of Switzerland Countv, and 
their eldest son, John Stevenson Tarking- 
ton, born at Centerville, Wayne County, 
June 24, 1832, was Booth Tarkington's 
father. 

Judge John Stevenson Tarkington at- 
tended the excellent schools of Centerville, 
and then went to Asbui-y (now DePauw) 
University, from which he graduated in 
1852, receiving a Master's degree in 1855. 
He read law, and engaged successfully in 
practice. He was elected to the State 
Legislature in 1863, served as captain of 
Company A of the One Hundred and Thir- 
ty-second Indiana Infantry in the Civil 
war ; and was elected judge" of the Seventh 
Judicial Circuit in 1870. Judge Tarking- 
ton is known locally for his geniality and 
as a student and a wit. His literary ven- 
tures include a novel, "The Hermit of 
Capri," and "The Auto-Orphan." 

On November 19, 1857, Judge Tarking- 
ton married Elizabeth Booth, also of an old 
Indiana family. She was born at Salem, 
Indiana, in 18.34. and was a sister of Sena- 
tor Newton Booth of California, for whom 
Booth Tarkington was named, though he 
has dropped the "Newton" for literary 
purposes. The Booths were an old Connecti- 
cut family, Elizabeth being a granddaugh- 
ter of Mary Newton, an early belle of 



Woodbridge, and a lineal descendant of 
Rev. Thomas Hookei*, who married Walter 
Booth. It may be noted in passing that 
Salem and Centerville were two of the 
notable seats of culture in early Indiana, 
and also that both Judge Tarkington and 
his wife were prominent in the "talent" 
of the amateur dramatic society organized 
in Indianapolis during the Civil war to 
raise funds for the Sanitary Commission. 

Booth Tarkington was born at Indian- 
apolis July 29, 1869. He went from the 
public schools of the city to Phillips Acad- 
emy, Exeter, New Hampshire, and then to 
Purdue and to Princeton. In the class of 
1893 at Princeton he was especially promi- 
nent in literary, musical and dramatic cir- 
cles. He decided on literaiy work, but had 
many of the common disappointments of 
young authors before he finally won his 
spurs by ' ' The Gentleman From Indiana, ' ' 
first published in MeClure's Jlagazine in 
1897. This was followed by his romance 
"Monsieur Beaucaire," which was even 
more popular in 1890, and from that time 
on his work has been in demand from the 
magazines and publishers. Both of these 
stories were dramatized ; and ' ' Monsieur 
Beaucaire," in whose dramatization Tark- 
ington collaborated with E. G. Sutherland, 
held the stage for months with Lewis Wal- 
ler in the title role in England, and 
Richard Mansfield in the United States. 

Among the more important of his numer- 
ous published works, in addition to those 
mentioned, are "The Two VanRevels, " 
1902; "Cherry," 1903; "The Beautiful 
Lady" and "The Conquest of Can^aan," 
1905; "His Own People" and "Cameo 
Kirby" 1907; "Guest of Quesnay," "Your 
Humble Servant," "Spring Time," and 
"The Man Prom Home" (wnth Harry 
Leon Wilson), 1908; "Beasley's Christmas 
Party" and "Getting a Polish" 1909; 
"Beauty and the Jacobin," 1911; "A Man 
on Horseback," 1912; "The Flirt," 1913; 
"Penrod," and "The Turmoil" 1914; 
"Penrod and Sam," and "Seventeen," 
]916; "]\Iister Antonio" and "The Coun- 
try Cousin," 1917. His plays have been 
very popular, and have been presented by 
the most notable actors of the period — 
William Hodge in "The Man From 
Home," Nat Goodwin and Dustin Farnum 
in "Cameo Kirby," May Irwin in "Get- 
ting a Polish," Mabel Taliaferro in 




r^ O'-i^^o-ji^xrT^ -^-S do^-y/^p^^^^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1233 



"Spring Time," Otis Skinner in "Your 
Humble Servant," and James K. Hackett 
in "A Man on Horseback." 

Mr. Tarlcjngton was married June 18, 
1902, to Laurel Louisa Fletcher, of In- 
dianapolis, and to them was born one 
daughter. He was elected to the Indiana 
Legislature of 1903, and among other leg- 
islative services nominated Charles W. 
Fairbanks for senator. Much of his time 
between 1905 and 1912 was passed abroad, 
mostly at London, Paris and Rome. In 
1912 he married Susanna Robinson, of 
Dayton, Ohio, and since then has resided 
at Indianapolis. He is a member of vari- 
ous clubs in New York, Princeton, Chicago 
and Indianapolis, was made a member of 
the National Institute of Arts and Letters 
in 1908; and honorary vice president of 
the Authors' League of America in 1917. 
He is robust in Americanism, and has given 
forcible expression to his views during the 
recent war on patriotic lines and in favor 
of the League of Nations. 

Mention of the literary quality of Mr. 
Tarkington's work will be found in the 
chapter of "Hoosier Character." It may 
be worth while to add here a few words of 
early appreciation and insight from the 
issue of "Current Literature" for March, 
1901; "Perhaps it is the strength of his 
dramatic quality which calls for most ad- 
miration in the reading of Mr. Tarking- 
ton's stories. The characters live and act 
and move much as if they were on the 
stage : very likely the author creates them 
and sets them playing in his fancy in just 
this fashion. At any rate he makes one 
feel the reality of his creations, and that 
is the real art of the author as well as 
of the dramatist. Mr. Tarkington is for- 
tunate in possessing the qualities of both." 

In his lines of work he has apparently 
been influenced by reading as well as ob- 
servation, and in the main he has worked 
out his own salvation by steady and per- 
sistent efifort. Of personal influence on his 
writing probably the most important, 
though no doubt unconscious to both, was 
his early association with James Whitcomb 
Riley, who was a frequent visitor at the 
Tarkington home, and whose appreciation 
of Indiana material could scarcely fail to 
affect an impressionable youth of literary 



SoLOJiON Claypool. At the time of his 
death, wliich occurred in Indianapolis 
:March 19, 1898, a speaker before the In- 
tlianapolis Bar Association referred to 
Judge Claypool as "a man against whom 
no scandal or suspicion was ever known, a 
gri^at lawyer, a good citizen, a pure and 
spotless man." The facts of his life serve 
to justify every word of this fair fame. 

Solomon Claypool came of a long line of 
ancestors who were men of affairs, and his 
parents were pioneers in Indiana. His 
father, Wilson Claypool, was a native of 
Virginia and of an English colonial fam- 
ily of that state. When he was a boy his 
parents removed to Ohio, and near Chilli- 
enthe in that state Wilson Claypool mar- 
ried Sarah Evans. 

The Evans family came originally from 
Wales and settled in Maryland as early as 
1720. 

In 1823 Wilson Claypool and his wife 
removed to Fountain County, Indiana, and 
secured a large tract of undeveloped land 
near Attica. There he spent the rest of 
his life as a practical agriculturist. In 
1824 Wilson Claypool erected the first 
frame house in Fountain County, and it 
stood in a good state of preservation for 
nearly a century. 

It was in that somewhat pretentious home 
for pioneer days that Solomon Claypool 
was born August 17, 1829. Though his 
early life was spent practically in a fron- 
tier community, he received excellent train- 
ing both under home influence and in school 
and college. With his brothers he attended 
Wabash College at Crawfordsville, gradu- 
ating with the class of 1851. He was a 
member of the Phi Gamma Delta frater- 
nity. He began the study of law with the 
office firm of Lane & Wilson at Crawfords- 
ville, but completed his preparatory work 
under Judge Samuel B. Gookins of Terre 
Haute, where he was admitted to the bar. 
After a brief practice at Covington in 
Fountain County he returned to Terre 
Haute in 1855, and in that city laid the 
foundation of his gi'eat work as a lawyer. 

The honors of his profession and of poli- 
tics came to him in rapid succession. He 
was always an ardent democrat. In 1856 
he was elected to the State Legislature from 
A'igo County, and attracted much attention 
in .spite of his youth. It was his work as a 
legislator that caused Governor Williard to 



1234 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ai)point him. without any solicitation, to a 
\ acaney on the bench of the Sixth Judicial 
Circuit, composed of Vigo and seven other 
counties. The next year Judge Claypool 
was elected for the regular term of six 
years. Thus at the age of thirty-five he 
iiad enjoyed seven years of capable service 
on the bench and his name had become 
familiar to the members of the bar through- 
out the state. His work on the bench has 
been characterized as that of a "clean, 
strong man, and an able and impartial 
judge." His career as a public official may 
be said to have closed when he left the 
bench. However, in 1866 he was nomi- 
nated by acclamation as democratic candi- 
date for Congress, and in 1868 was again 
an unsuccessful candidate with his party 
f(ir the office of attorney genei'al. 

For several years Judge Claypool prac- 
ticed law at Greencastle in his former cir- 
cuit, but in 1873 became the head of the 
law firm of Claypool, Mitchell & Ketcham 
at Indianapolis. In 1876 he removed the 
family to Indianapolis, and that city was 
his home for the last twenty-two years of 
iiis life. During those years he was em- 
ployed on either one side or the other in 
nearly all the great legal battles of the 
state. Someone said of him, "When there 
was a struggle of right or wrong, when a 
man's character or fortune was at stake, 
then it was that Judge Claypool stood at 
the head of the bar of Marion County. ' ' 

His position as a lawyer and his char- 
acter as a man justify the following esti.- 
mate made of him some years ago: "He 
was a terror to his opponents, who took 
good care not to arouse the reserve strength 
of which he was possessed. His brilliant 
mind and his powerful method of present- 
ing his side of a case before court or jury 
called his services into requisition in many 
parts of the state when trials of importance 
were in progress." 

During his active career at the bar he 
had and well deserved the reputation of 
lieing one of the very strongest advocates 
in the state. He was known for his rugged 
honesty and his inviolable devotion to prin- 
ciple. "He was a strong member of a 
great profession and honored and dignified 
the same by his services." He was always 
ready to combat with evil wherever he saw 
it. Right was right, and wrong was wrong 
with him; here was no compromise with 
expediency, he knew no middle ground. 



To those who were in any waj- weaker than 
himself he always extended a willing, help- 
ing hand. Pew who heard him making a 
strong plea for a cause in court, where the 
vital points of the case absorbed his atten- 
tion, could realize that he was a man of 
intrinsic reserve, even diffidence, and that 
he had no desire to be in the limelight. 
Consequently his charities and benevolences 
were never known to the public. He "re- 
membered those who were forgotten." His 
gifts to others were made in his own mod- 
est way, a loving word, a kind look, his 
time or a substantial sum when it was 
needed. 

"Strong, powerful and aggressive in his 
defense of right and justice, in personal 
character he was gentle and sweet-spirited 
as a child. Whatever ma.v have been his 
attitude to the work in the sacred pre- 
cincts of his home, his true and noble finali- 
ties illumined and pervaded the entire at- 
mosphere, and to his wife and children he 
was all in all, as were they to him. Judge 
Claypool was a man of attractive and im- 
pressive appearance. He was nearly six 
feet in height, well proportioned and 
weighed 250 pounds. He had thick, black 
hair, which covered a broad, fair brow, and 
his keen blue eyes often twinkled with 
amusement or looked with tenderest sjmi- 
pathy or flashed with indignation at a 
wrong. While in Wabash College he be- 
came the subject of earnest religious con- 
victions, and was ever a steadfast upholder 
of church and morality, being a member 
of the Presbyterian denomination. 

In Terre Haute in September, 1855, 
Judge Claypool married iliss Hannah JM. 
O.sborn. She was the daughter of John W. 
Osborn, whose conspicuous services as an 
editor and abolition leader are told on other 
pages of this history. 

Solomon Claypool and wife were the par- 
ents of seven children : Anna C, who mar- 
ried George W. Faris and died August 31. 
1909 ; John Wilson ; Hannah M., who mar- 
ried Thomas H. Watson ; Ruby S., wife of 
Chester Bradford, now deceased ; Mary 
Alice, who married Ridgely B. Hilleary : • 
Lucy Gorkins, who died in 1890, and Eliza- 
beth Caroline. 

John W. Claypool has been a member 
of the Indianapolis bar more than thii'ty- 
five years. His individual services have 
been in effect a continuation of the eminent 




'=^^/\ Cr-Z/^ 



IXDIAXA AND INDIAXAXS 



1235 



career of his honored father, Solomon Clay- 
pool, who in his time enjoyed an unequivo- 
cal position among the leaders of the In- 
diana bar. 

Xothing less than worthy afhievenient 
and services could have been expected of 
John Wilson Claypool, and in his individ- 
ual career he has justified his honored par- 
entage and ancestry. 

He is the only sou of Solomon and Han- 
nah (Osborn) Claypool and was born in 
Terre Haute October 19, 1858, and lived 
there until he was eight years of age. In 
the meantime he attended a private school. 
The family removed to Greencastle in 1866, 
whei-e after finishing the public school 
course, he entered Asbury, now De Pauw, 
University, continuing his studies for sev- 
eral years. 

He came with the family to Indianapolis 
in January, 1876, and entered his father's 
law office. By reason of the thoroughly 
]iractical training he received under his 
fatlier he was unusually well qualified for 
practice when he was admitted to the bar 
in September, 1881. 

After a few years he became the junior 
member in the law firm of Cla.vpool i& 
Claypool, and until its dissolution at the 
deatli of Solomon Claypool this was one 
of the leading firms of Indiana. 

Mr. ChiypDiil pdssi'sses many of the char- 
acteristii-s wlin-li mide his fathei' great. 
His personal integrity, tenacity of purjidse, 
and his absolute fearlessness, together 
with his well known fidelity to the inter- 
ests of his client, have won for him an 
cnvialile position at the bar. 

Probably the case which has brought 
him most prominently before the public 
was the Rhodius case. This case, involv- 
ing tlie administration by Mr. Claypool 
of an estate of about $1,000,000, in which 
the weak-minded heir fell victim to a 
shrewd and designing woman, presented 
many unusual features of intrigue, and 
was undoubtedly one of the most notable 
chancery cases ever tried in Indiana. Mr. 
Cla.vpool 's course in this ease was highly 
commended. 

Rhodius left large sums to the city and 
its charities. At the time of the settlement 
of the estate one of the Indianapolis news- 
papers suggested editorially that the 
beneficiaries "pause and give expression to 
their gratitude not only to George Rhodius 
Init to J. W. Claypool. who had counseled 



him so wisely and who had so steadfastly 
fought at the risk of great personal loss 
that right might prevail." 

Mr. Claypool has given his time to his 
profession to the exclusion of politics, 
though nut withijut active and influential 
participatidu in matters associated with 
liis home city and state. He is a member 
of the Indiana Democratic Club and the 
Second Presbyterian Church, and a num- 
ber of social and civic organizations. He 
is unmarried. 

Henry Studebaker. one of the founders 
of the great vehicle industry of the Stude- 
baker Brothers jManufaeturing Company, 
was born near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 
October 5, 1826, a son of John Studebaker. 
When the son Henry was but a lad the 
family migrated to Ashland County, Ohio, 
making the journe.v in a wagon which the 
father had built. In 1850, with his brother 
( 'lenient, he came to South Bend and estab- 
lished the small blacksmith shop which has 
developed with the passing years into the 
wdi'ld renowned plant. But iu 1858 Henry 
Studebaker, on account of ill health, was 
dl)ligeil to retire from the business, and 
buying a large tract of land adjoining 
South Bend he continued its cultivation 
and improvement until his death March 
12. 1895. 

;\Ir. Studebaker was twice married, aud 
was the father of nine children. 

j 

Cr.EMEXT Stcdebaker was born near 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, March 2. 1831, 
and at the age of four years moved with his 
parents to Ashland Count.v, Ohio. In his 
father's wagon shop there he laid the foun- 
dation for his future sii.cess in the Stude- 
baker Brothers ;\laimfaet miiig Company. 
In 1850 he came tci S.mth I lend, spending 
the first two years here as a teacher, and 
then with his oldest brother opened a small 
blacksmith shop. This little shop has de- 
veloped into one of the largest plants of its 
kind in the world, and its products are dis- 
tributed throughout the civilized globe. 

'Sir. Studebaker also became one of the 
leading republicans of his state, and was 
twice a representative in national conven- 
tions. He also served in other high official 
positions in this country and abroad. He 
married Mrs. Ann (Milburu) Harper, a 
datighter of George ililburn, a pi-omineut 
wagon manufacturer of Mishawaka. 



1236 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Stoughton A. Fletcher. The history 
of Indiana and Indianapolis in particular 
contains no more distinguished name than 
that of Fletcher. The name Stoughton 
appears representing three successive gen- 
erations. This hranch of the family has 
been especially active and prominent in 
the banking life of the state, and the pres- 
ent Stoughton A. Fletcher, who for sake 
of distinction is often referred to as 
Stoughton A. Fletcher II, is president of 
the Fletcher American National Bank of 
Indianapolis, and though a man still un- 
der forty occupies the front rank among 
Indiana's financiers. 

The American ancestry of the Fletcher 
family goes back to Robert Fletcher, who 
was born in northern England and settled 
at Concord, Massachusetts, in 1630. He 
died there April 3, 1677, at the age of 
eighty-five. Through his four sons, Fran- 
cis, Luke, William and Samuel, are de- 
sceiided most of the Fletchers who claim 
New England ancestry. 

In a later generation was Timothy 
Fletcher, who lived in Westford, Massa- 
chusetts. His son, Jesse Fletcher, was 
born in that town November 9, 1763. Tim- 
othy Fletcher was the father of several 
children who became noted. One was Rev. 
Elijah Fletcher who was pastor of a church 
in New Hampshire from 1773 until his 
death in 1786, and whose second daughter, 
Grace, was the first wife of Daniel Web- 
ster. 

Jesse Fletcher had his early studies di- 
rected by his brother Elijah, but left hi-s 
books to join the Revolutionary army and 
served in two campaigns toward the close 
of the war. In 1781, when about eighteen, 
he married Lucy Keyes, who was born 
November 13, 1765. About 1783 they 
moved to Ludlow, Vermont, where they 
were among the first settlers. From that 
time until the day of his death in Febru- 
ary, 1831. Jesse Fletcher lived on the same 
farm. He was the first town clerk of Lud- 
low, was a justice of the peace, and the 
second representative to the General 
Courts from Ludlow. In that town all his 
fifteen children, except the oldest, were 
bom. His widow died in 1846. Among 
the children of Jesse and Lucy Fletcher 
were at least two who became conspicuous 
in Indiana affairs. One of these was the 
noted Calvin Fletcher, who came to In- 
dianapolis at the time it was made the 



capital of the state and for forty years 
was one of the most eminent lawj-ers and 
financiers of Indiana, until his death May 
26, 1866. A son of Calvin Fletcher was 
the late Stoughton A. Fletcher, who was 
known as "Junior" to distinguish him 
from his uncle Stoughton A. Fletcher, Sr. 

Another child of Jesse Fletcher, and the 
youngest of the family, was Stoughton A. 
Fletcher, Sr. He became one of the first 
bankers of Indianapolis, taking up his 
home in the capital city in 1831, and in 
1839 established the private bank from 
which has since grown the Fletcher Amer- 
ican National Bank. 

Stoughton A. Fletcher, Sr. was bom at 
Ludlow, Vermont, August 22, 1808. From 
his parents he received not only much 
early instruction but also those lessons in 
self reliance and integrity of purpose ' 
which enabled him to solve the successive 
problems of life as they came. 

He was twenty-three years of age when 
in 1831 he came to Indianapolis, where his 
older brother, Calvin, had already gained 
distinction in the law. His first position 
in the capital city was as clerk in a general 
store. Later he opened a stock of goods of 
his own, and was one of the pioneer mer- 
chants of Indianapolis. After eight years 
he opened a private bank in a small room 
on Washington Street, and by insistence 
upon banking methods which were not 
then generally pi*acticed he steered a 
straight course through the devious ways 
of early finances and laid sound and se- 
cure the foundations of a bank which to- 
day is the largest in the State of Indiana. 

He gained a fortune as a banker and 
business man, and that fortune was gen- 
erously used to promote the welfare of his 
home city and there has never been a name 
that has meant more to Indianapolis in a 
business and civic way than that of Stough- 
ton A. Fletcher, Sr. He was never in 
polities, never held office, and the chief 
monument to his character and activities 
today is the Fletcher American National 
Bank. He died in his seventy-fourth year 
March 17, 1882. 

He was three times married. His first 
wife was Maria Kipp, who left him with 
two daughters, Mrs. Laura K. Hyde and 
Mrs. Maria F. Ritzinger. For his second 
wife he married Julia Ballard, a native of 
Massachusetts. Of the five children born to 
this union one, Allen M. Fletcher, is living. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1237 



For his third wife Stoughtoii A. Fletcher, 
Sr., married ilrs. Julia A. Johnson. 

Stoughton A. Fletcher, president of the 
bank which was founded by his honored 
grandfather, was born in Indianapolis No- 
vember 24, 1879, a son of Stoughton J. and 
Laura (Locke) Fletcher. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools, is a graduate 
of Princeton University with the degree 
A. B., and returned from college to begin 
his business career with the Fletcher Na- 
tional Bank. He was made assistant cash- 
ier, later vice president, and since Janu- 
ary, 1908, has been president, ilr. 
Fletcher has numerous connections with 
other important business concerns at In- 
dianapolis, including the management of 
a large family estate, but he is most widely 
known as a banker and is undoubtedly one 
of the youngest men ever chosen to direct 
the destinies of an institution with re- 
sources of over $35,000,000. 

Mr. Fletcher is a republican, a member 
of the Commercial and Columbia clubs, 
and with all his heavy responsibilities has 
found time and made opportunity to iden- 
tify himself closely with the important 
civic movements of his home city. In 1900 
he married Miss May Henley. 

Archibald C. Graham. When Archi- 
bald C. Graham located in St. Joseph 
County in 1896 he was a young, practically 
unknown and untried lawyer. In subse- 
quent years he has achieved all the dignity 
associated with the abler members of his 
profession, and is one of the ranking law- 
yers of the South Bend bar. He is one of 
four Graham brothers who have been iden- 
tified with St. Joseph County, one as a 
physician at Mishawaka, another as a drug- 
gist of South Bend and the other as a 
South Bend banker. 

Mr. Graham was born on a farm in 
Eckfried Township, Middlesex County, On- 
tario, Canada, September 1, 1871, son of 
John and Rebecca (]McClellan) Graham. 
His father was born in the north of Scot- 
land in 1823. Grandfather William Gra- 
ham brought his family to America in 1837, 
and after a long voyage of nine weeks on 
the ocean landed at Quebec and by river 
and lake traveled to Hamilton, Ontario, 
and thence went into the woods of Elgin 
County. He acquired a tract of heavily 
timbered land. Years of hard and continu- 
ous labor brought many acres under culti- 



vation, and he developed it as a farmer and 
stock raiser and lived there until his death 
at the advanced age of ninety-eight. He 
married Catherine McDougal and their 
four children were John, Archibald, Wil- 
liam and Catherine. 

John Graham was fourteen years old 
when he came to America, grew up on the 
farm and in the woods of Ontario, and 
finally bought a farm of his own in Eck- 
fried Township of Middlesex County. He 
inherits much of his father's vitality and 
vigor and is still living at the age of ninety- 
six. Ilis career has been entirely identified 
with his farm and his interests as a live- 
stock man. His wife, Rebecca McClellan, 
was born in Ontario, daughter of Angus 
and Flora (McLaughlin) McClellan, both 
natives of Scotland and also pioneers of 
Middlesex County, Ontario. Mrs. Rebecca 
Graham died at the age of fifty-five, the 
mother of ten children. 

Archibald C. Graham attended the eom- 
' mou schools, the high schools at Dutton 
and Glencoe, and for three years was a 
Canadian teacher. He took up the study 
of law privately and afterwards entered 
the Detroit College of Law, where he was 
graduated LL. B. in 1896. He at once 
came to Mishawaka, Indiana, and practiced 
there until August 1905, when he formed 
a partnership in South Bend, under the 
firm name of Brick and Graham, with the 
late Hon. A. L. Brick, member of Con- 
gress from the Thirteenth Indiana District 
from 1896 until his death in 1908. Since 
the death of his partner Mr. Graham has 
handled a large general and corporate prac- 
tice alone. 

January 4, 1904, he married Miss Har- 
riet Crane. She was born at Syracuse, 
New York, daughter of Charles Crane, a 
native of Massachusetts who lives in Elk- 
hart County, Indiana. Mr. and ilrs. Gra- 
ham have three children : Helen, Jean and 
Archibald J. " 

Incidental to his law practice Mr. Gra- 
ham has taken an active part in republican 
liolitics. Pie has served as chairman of the 
Republican Executive Committee of St. 
Joseph County and as a member of the 
RejMiblican State and District Committees 
and as a delegate to many conventions. 
During the greater part of his residence 
at Mishawaka he served as city attorney. 
He is affiliated with the Lodge, Royal Arch 
Chapter and Council of ^lasonry at ]\Iisha- 



1238 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



waka. with South Beud Commandery No. 
82, Kuights Templars, with Mishawaka 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias, aud with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
at South Beud. He is also a member of 
the Ivnife and Fork Club, of the St. Joseph 
Valley Country Club, a member of the In- 
diana Club, and during the war was a di- 
rector of the War Chest. 

Olh-er Peret Jones. With his home at 
Crawfordsville, Oliver Perry Jones is 
spending his active life as a scientitie 
farmer in Whitley County. The Jones 
family established themselves in a pioneer 
district of Whitley County seventy years 
ago. They belonged to the territorial fam- 
ilies of Indiana, their first home having 
been established in Wayne County, Indiana, 
in 1810. The following family record is 
given at length because of the prominence 
of many individuals and the historical cir- 
cumstances connected with the various re- 
movals and incidents in the Jones history. 

In colonial times the first American 
Jones came from Wales and settled in 
Culpeper, Virginia. In that county John 
Jones was born, and was a gallant soldier 
with the colonists in the struggle for inde- 
pendence. He participated in one of the 
most decisive battles of the western fron- 
tier, the Battle of Point Pleasant, on the 
western slope of the Alleghenies at the 
junction of the great Kanawha and Ohio 
rivers. He established his permanent home 
in Kanawha County, Virginia, in 1797, and 
owned large tracts of land there, includ- 
ing the site of Grafton. John Jones mar- 
ried Frances Morris, daughter of Levi 
Morris of Virginia. She was an aunt of 
Thomas A. Morris, who later became a 
bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Of the children of John Jones and wife 
William, Edmund, Thomas, John and Levi 
M. all Ipcated in Wayne County, Indiana. 

Levi ]\Iorris Jones, grandfather of Oliver 
Perry Jones, was born on a farm in Cul- 
peper County, Virginia, October 10, 1785, 
and was twelve years old when his parents 
moved to what is now West Virginia. In 
Kanawha County he married Mary 
Thomas. She was born in Buckingham 
County, Virginia, February 7, 1784. They 
were married in 1806. The father of IMary 
Thomas, Joseph Thomas, was born in 
Buckingham County, Virginia, August 3, 
1759, and also took his family to Kanawha 



County in October, 1797. Joseph Thomas, 
who died in 1839, was a Revolutionary sol- 
dier directly under the command of Gen- 
eral Washington. His father, Henry 
Thomas, was born in Wales in 1728 and 
came to Virginia soon after his marriage. 
Joseph Thomas married in 1781 Rebecca 
Tindal, who was born in Fauquier County, 
Virginia, November 5, 1763. The Thomas 
children were Lewis, Mary, Washington, 
Henry, Thomas M., Rebecca Tindal, Sarah, 
Dolly H., Janie Pleasant, Norburn and 
Helena. Several of the sons were magnifi- 
cent specimens of physical manhood and 
the pioneer instinct in them was strong. 
Lewis Thomas at the age of sixty-six 
started for the gold fields of California 
and died of typhoid fever en route. 

Levi M. Jones after his marriage con- 
tinued farming in West Virginia until 
ilarch, 1815, when he started for Wayne 
County, Indiana. He joui-neyed down the 
Ohio river on a flatboat to Cincinnati, and 
then drove across country to Wayne 
County. He first located at Old Salisbury 
and a year later bought 160 acres in Cen- 
ter Township of Wayne County. Two 
years later he sold that property and 
bought lots in Centerville, where he built 
a hotel, and in 1819 constnicted the first 
brick house in the town. This brick house 
became associated with many important 
events in the history of Wa.yne County. 
Levi M. Jones also took the first contract 
to carry mail from Centerville to Indianap- 
olis, and his son Lewis was the carrier, 
making the trip of sixty-five miles with- 
out any stop. Levi M. Jones was not only 
a man of much business enterprise but of 
generosity and confidence in his fellow- 
men that was frequently betrayed, and 
security debts swept away most of his es- 
tate. He died October 5, 1823, honored 
and respected, but left his family iii 
straightened circumstances. It was his 
wife, a noble woman of the pioneer type, 
who came to the rescue of the family for- 
tune. One of her sons speaking of her 
later said: "Thinking over the past and 
of the early history of my mother's family, 
my mind runs back nearly sixty-one years 
to the scene of the Town of Centerville, 
Wayne County. I fancy I see a little 
group of ten children and a mother and 
other relatives mourning over the loss of 
a dear father and a loving companion. 
The prospects for keeping the family to- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



12.39 



gether and rearing those children would 
he a very gloomy one under the circum- 
stances to my mother's friends. After a 
consultation about the matter the friends 
advised my mother to put the children 
'out,' as they did not think it possible for 
her to keep them together and raise 
them. She listened to and thanked her 
friends for their advice but to them she 
said, 'nay, as long as I have a finger to 
scratch, these children shall never be sep- 
arated. ' And they never were separated 
except as they reached maturity and were 
married. The last thing we children would 
hear at night when we went to bed was 
the wheel or loom, and it was the first 
thing in the morning. It seemed as though 
she never slept. Oh, for such courage, for 
such a wjW to do, and for such economy 
as she used in raising her children. Would 
that there were more mothers in this pres- 
ent day who possessed the will and courage 
that she did. I will venture the assertion 
that in the first ten years after my father's 
death there was not a bill of $10 run by 
the family at any store. If ever a mother 
did her whole duty in raising a family of 
fatherless children my mother was such a 
one. After living to see them all grown 
and married except one she departed this 
life for a better home." She died Decem- 
ber 20, 1848. 

The children of this noble woman were : 
Lewis, born in Kanawha County March 
26, 1807, died at his home near Center- 
ville April 3, 1877. He first married Caro- 
line Level, and his second wife was Ruth 
Commons. Sallie Jones, born November 6, 
1809, was first married in 1831 to John 
Boggs, and in 1854 became the wife of Rob- 
ert Franklin. Oliver Tindal Jones, born 
September 19, 1810, died at his home near 
Centerville December 16, 1874, his wife 
having been Mary King. He was a large 
land owner and farmer and also a banker at 
Centerville. Norris Jones, born August 19, 
1811, and died at Connersville, Indiana, 
March 22, 1881, married Sabra Jenkins. 
Llarrison Jones, born Mav 10, 1813, died 
at Centerville August 13," 1844. His wife 
was Eliza Bundy. Rebecca Jones, born 
March 15, 1815, and died in Wayne 
County August 7, 1866, was married to 
Daniel S. Shank. The next in age in the 
family was Washington Jones, whose 
career is taken up in following paragraphs. 
Eli Reynolds Jones, born in Waj-ne 



County, Indiana, JIarch 17, 1818, also lived 
in Whitley County, Indiana, and married 
Ann Crowe. Ann Jones born in Wayne 
County June 14, 1821, died at Indianapolis 
November 21, 1883, wife of Stephen Crowe. 
Levi ilorris, youngest of the children, was 
born April 4, 1823, and died on his farm 
in Wayne County ilay 13, 1876. He mar- 
ried Matilda Jane Brown. 

Washington Jones, father of Oliver 
Perry, was the first of the family born in 
Wayne County. His birth occurred De- 
cember 8, 1816, at the old homestead a mile 
north of Centerville. He lived at home to 
the age of eighteen and worked for his 
three older brothers, who were managing 
the farm for their mother. He then con- 
tracted for the purchase of 160 acres in 
Madison County for the sum of $280, and 
paid for it at the rate of $9 a month. It 
is said that he lost but two days' work 
until the land was paid for. Later he 
bought eighty acres in Tipton County, In- 
diana, for $200, paying for this at the 
rate of $11 a month. He also improved 
a lot in Centerville, but sold that at a 
sacrifice in order to invest $150 in 160 acres 
of wild land on section 28 of Etna Town- 
ship, Whitley County. To this land, im- 
proved with a log cabin 14x18 feet, he 
moved his family September 8, 1848. On 
that farm he did his real work in life, and 
kept his possessions growing until he had 
nearly 700 acres, most of which was di- 
vided among his children. The home farm 
proper contained 200 acres. He was a 
nmn of much skill and of good education. 
At the age of ten years he had begun 
working in brick yards, and put in twenty 
sunnners in Wayne County at that employ- 
ment. That gave him a practical knowl- 
edge of brick making and he used this to 
make all the brick which entered into the 
construction of his fine country home in 
Whitley County. He began the construc- 
tion of this building the same week that 
Fort Sumter was fired upon and it was 
completed January 17, 1863. At that time 
it was regarded as one of the finest homes 
in the county. Though he had meager op- 
portunities to secure an education, he made 
diligent use of every opportunity, and at 
the age of twenty-one attended both day 
and night school under the instruction of 
his brother 0. T. Jones. At the age of 
twenty-two he taught a school, and later 
spent six winters in teaching in Wajme 



1240 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



County. One of his pupils was Lucinda 
Burbank, who afterwards became the wife 
of Indiana's great war governor, Oliver 
P. :Morton. 

Washington Jones evidently used a great 
deal of judgment and enterprse in select- 
ing his land in Whitley County. A large 
part of it was- covered with heavy black 
walnut timber, and in 1870 he sold a lot 
of that wood, valued at about $8,000. 
There was also a grove of hard maple trees, 
and maple sugar and syrup manufacture 
was a part of every year's program. He 
also developed a large orchard. Washing- 
ton Jones began voting as a whig and after- 
wards was an active republican. He held 
many of the minor posts of responsibility 
wherein local affairs are administered, such 
as justice of Jhe peace, township assessor 
and trustee. He was a member of the 
Baptist Church. 

After a long life, deserving of every 
encomium that could be paid it, Washing- 
ton Jones passed awav at his country es- 
tate in Whitley County June 23, 1903. 

January 20, 1845, he married Catherine 
Hunt. She died November 6, 1852, the 
mother of two children : Mary Jane, who 
was born February 20, 1846. and died Octo- 
ber 18, 1855, and Hannah Eliza, born Octo- 
ber 8, 1848, died April 27, 1874, the wife 
of Jesse ililler. On October 2, 1853, Wash- 
ington Jones married a sister of his iirst 
wife, Mrs. Frances Mary Hart, widow of 
William Hart. She died September 6, 
1873, mother of the following children: 
Levi Monroe, born Julv 22, 1854; Wash- 
ington Thomas, born March 26, 1858 ; Oli- 
ver Perry, born March 23, 1865. October 
8, 1874, Washington Jones married Mrs. 
Samantha Caroline (Palmer) Trumbull, 
widow of Lewis il. Trumbull and daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Sallie (Palmer) Skinner. 

Membership in such a family constitutes 
a badge of honor and a constant stimulus 
to the best attainments in life. Oliver 
Perry Jones was born in the old home in 
Whitley County ]\Iarch 23, 1865. His 
father saw to it that he had ample oppor- 
tunities as a youth, and in addition to the 
public schools near the old home he at- 
tended Earlham College at Richmond. His 
training as an engineer he utilizes largely 
in following his chosen vocation as an agri- 
culturist, and for twenty-five years he 
managed with a high degree of skill and 



art a fine farm in W^hitley County. Wlien 
he left the farm he sought the cultured at- 
mosphere of the old college center of Craw- 
fordsville. 

December 21, 1886, he married Miss 
Elsie E. Barber. She was born in Whitley 
County November 15. 1868, daughter of 
Frederick and Lucy J. (Barnes) Barber, 
who were also natives of Indiana. Mrs. 
Jones finished her education at Larwill 
Academy. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have two 
sons and one daughter. Mark Barber, born 
January 20, 1888, in Whitley County, is a 
graduate of the Columbia City High School 
and finished his college work in Wabash 
College with the class of 1911 and the de- 
gree of Mining Engineer. After leaving 
college he had a most interesting and 
fruitful experience, being selected as mem- 
ber of a staff of mining engineers b.v the 
Oriental Consolidated ^Mining Company, 
and in that capacitj^ he spent two years 
in Japan and Korea. Since returning from 
the Orient he has been engaged in the lum- 
ber manufacturing business at Cuyahoga 
Palls, Ohio. He Quarried Miss Nellie R. 
James June 14, 1915. She is a native of 
Ohio and received a college training, being 
a graduate of Buchtel College. 

Walter Paul Jones, born August 22, 
1891, in Whitley County, graduated from 
Wabash College with the class of 1913, 
having specialized in English. He has 
been an instructor in different colleges and 
universities and in 1918 was chosen to 
the chair of English in the LTniversity of 
California. He married Miss Mildred 
Demaree August 30, 1916. They have one 
child, Elsie Barbara. Both sons are mem- 
bers of the Phi Beta Kappa. 

The daughter is Frances D 'Claris, born 
October 17, 1897, in Wliitley County. She 
is a graduate of Crawfordville High 
School with the class of 1915, and also of 
the Indianapolis Conservatory of Music. 
April 26, 1916, she became the wife of 
Buren A. Beck. They have two sons, 
Buren, Jr., and Charles Oliver. Mr. Beck 
is now in the dairy business at Hammond, 
Louisiana. 

Mr. Oliver P. Jones is a Master Mason 
and Odd Fellow, a republican and a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church. 

Judge Samuel E. Perkins. Perkins is 
one of the names most suggestive of the 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1241 



honorable traditions and acliievements of 
the Indiana bar, to which the services of 
three generations have been given. 

First in time, and because of his posi- 
tion as a justice of the Supreme Court per- 
haps most widely known, was Judge Sam- 
uel E. Perkins, whose life bulked large in 
the affairs of Indiana during the middle 
decades of the last century. He was born 
at Brattleboro, Vermont, December 6, 
1811, the second son of John Trumbull 
and Catherine (Willard) Perkins, both of 
whom were natives of Hartford, Connecti- 
cut. His father was also a lawyer, but had 
little opportunity to influence the mind of 
his son, wlio was only five years old when 
the father died. 

Thereafter until he was twenty-one 
Judge Perkins lived on the farm of Wil- 
liam Baker near Conwa.v, Massachusetts. 
The liberal education of his mature life 
was the result of studies largely self-di- 
rected and from schooling the expenses of 
which he had paid by teaching and other 
employment. He read law in the office of 
Thomas J. Nevius at Penn Yan, New York, 
and in 1836, at the age of twenty-five, 
started west from Buffalo on foot to seek 
a location. Eighty years ago there were 
few spots in the Middle "West which had 
outgrown the spirit and habits of pioneer 
days. It was in one of the thriftier towns 
of Indiana, Richmond, that Judge Perkins 
made his first location. The winter follow- 
ing he did office work for his board, and 
in the spring of 1837, after examination, 
was admitted to the bar. 

While his entrance into the profession 
as into this state was attended by modest 
circumstances, his sterling abilities soon 
manifested themselves and his practice was 
as large and important as almost any of his 
contemporaries enjoyed. Incidentally he 
became interested in journalism, and at 
oTie time waS' editor and publisher of the 
Jeffersonian. By appointment of Governor 
Whitcomb he became prosecuting attornev 
of the Sixth Judicial District in 1843. In 
1844 he was one of the electors who cast 
the vote of Indiana for James K. Polk. 

In 1844 and again in 1845 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Whitcomb to a seat 
on the Supreme bench of Indiana. Neither 
appointment was confirmed, but during 
adjournment of the Legislature he was once 
more appointed, and served without con- 
firmation one year. He was extremely 



young for such honors and responsibilities, 
being only thirty-four when he went on 
the bench. After a year he was renomi- 
nated for the bench, and the senate con-' 
firmed him by a two-thirds vote. Under 
the new constitution the office of supreme 
judge became elective, and he was chosen 
by popular ballot in 1852 and in 1858. 
Altogether his services to the Supreme 
Court of Indiana covered nineteen vital 
and progressive years in the state's life. 
He retired from the bench in 1864. 

In the meantime, in 1857, he had become 
professor of law in Northwestern Christian 
University, now Butler College, and from 
1870 to 1872 held a similar office in the 
Indiana State University at Bloomington. 
As a contributor to legal literature he pre- 
pared "Indiana Digest" in 1858, and "In- 
diana Practice" in 1859. In 1868 he 
turned from private practice to assume the 
heavy and taxing responsibilities of edit- 
ing the Indianapolis Herald, formei'ly and 
afterwards the Sentinel. In 1872 Governor 
Baker appointed him to fill a vacancy on 
the Superior bench in Marion County, and 
in 1874 he was elected to this office without 
opposition. Then in 1876, at the age of 
sixty-five, he was again elected a judge of 
the Supreme Court, and he was a member 
of that court when he was called to the 
Great Assize on December 17, 1879. His 
fellow justices prepared an appreciation 
and estimate of his work and character 
which is found in the Sixty-eighth Indiana 
Reports. All that was said of him was 
well deserved. He was a great lawyer, a 
great jurist and a great man. 

Judge Perkins married in 1838 Amanda 
J. Pyle, daughter of Joseph Pyle, of Rich- 
mond, Indiana. Ten children were born to 
them. 

The oldest son, Samuel E. Perkins II, 
was born at Richmond September 2, 1846. 
The year following his birth his parents 
moved to Indianapolis in order that his 
father might attend to his duties as Su- 
preme jiidge. In the capital city he spent 
his boyhood and youth, finishing his school- 
ing in Northwestern Christian University, 
now Butler College. Under his father he 
guided his mind in its first acquisition of 
legal knowledge, and subsequently was a 
student in the law school founded by Judge 
Perkins and Hon. Joseph E. ]VIcDonald. 
He and his father, during the few years 
when the latter was not on the bench, were 



1242 



INDIANA AND IXDIAXAXS 



actively associated in practice, but upon 
the death of Judge Perkins his son sought 
no further opportunities to build up his 
clientage and found his time well taken up 
by managing the various property interests 
he had acquired. He was more widely 
known as a counsellor than as a court prac- 
titioner. He had a thorough knowledge of 
the law and was wise in its application. 
Perhaps his chief characteristics were his 
industry and his love of home. He was 
universally respected for his upright life 
and for the general good he did in the com- 
munity. He had a well rounded and use- 
ful life, though he did not attain the age 
of three score and ten. He died April 8, 
1915. 

On July 11, 1877, he married Susan 
Elizabeth Hatch. She is still living in In- 
dianapolis, and her marked literary talents 
have brought her much esteem in literary 
circles. She is the mother of two sons, 
Samuel E. and Volney. The latter died in 
1900, while a student at Purdue Univer- 
sity. 

Samuel E. Perkins III, whose secure po- 
sition in the Indianapolis bar serves to con- 
nect the present with the older generation 
distinguished by his grandfather, was born 
at Indianapolis May 8, 1878. After at- 
tending private and grade schools in In- 
dianapolis he entered Wabash College, 
from which he graduated Bachelor of Arts 
in 1900. The Indiana Law School gave 
him his LL.B. degree in 1902. and since 
that year he has been steadily winning the 
honors of his chosen profession. 

On September 11, 1901, he married ;\Iary 
F. Milford at Crawfordsville. They have 
two children, a daughter Susan L., fifteen 
years of age, and the son aged ten bears 
the name Samuel E. IV and represents 
the fourth generation of this honored name 
and family in Indiana. 

George Lemaux. This is a name well 
known in several parts of Indiana and at 
Indianapolis it is associated with one of 
the important and thriving industries of 
the city the Indianapolis Brush and Broom 
Manufacturing Company, a business which 
Mr. George Lemaux has developed to 
highly' successful proportions. 

He is a son of George Lemaux, Sr., who 
died at Ridgeville, Indiana in April 1913. 
He was born at Terre Bonne, Canada, in 
1838, of French ancestry. It is said that 



one of his ancestors lived at the French 
City of Limoges the great center of porce- 
lain and textile manufacturing, and the 
name of the city was the original waj' of 
the spelling of the family name. The 
father of George Lemaux, Sr., brought the 
family to America and settled in Canada. 

George Lemaux, Sr., was a cooper by 
trade. In 1864 he moved from Canada to 
Noblesville, Indiana, and there engaged 
in the manufacture of .staves. In 1868 he 
moved to Lebanon, Indiana, and from there 
to Ridgeville in 1872. Later he was a re- 
tail grocery merchant and was honored 
both in the business life and citizenship of 
the Ridgeville community. He was noted 
particularly for his unostentatious charity 
and for his quiet, unassuming career as an 
upright man. He was a Presbyterian in 
religion and after acquiring American 
citizenship was a republican voter. He 
married Marilla Irving. They had three 
sons, two now living, William. Frank and 
George. Frank who died at Ridgeville at 
the age of twenty-seven married Carrie 
Eubanks and left one son, Claude. The 
.son William is now in the grocery business 
at Ridgeville. 

George Lemaux, Jr., who was born at 
Tyrone, Canada, June 19, 1862, was 
brought to Indiana in early infancy and 
lived with his parents until he at- 
tained manhood. He gained most of 
his education in the public schools of 
Ridgeville and while there learned the 
trade of handle turner. This was an 
occupation for only a brief time, until 
he entered the grocery and produce busi- 
ness, and in that he laid the foundation 
of his competence. He was a merchant for 
twenty-two years. In April, 1902, Mr. Le- 
maux moved to Indianapolis in order to 
take charge of the Indianapolis Brush 
Works a plant which he had acquired two 
years previously. Under him the business 
was reorganized as the Indianapolis Brush 
and Broom Manufacturing Company, and 
he has been its president and directing 
head ever since. It has grown rapidly, is 
an industry that furnishes employment to 
from 90 to 100 workmen, and its product 
is distributed over many states. 

As a side line, though an interest by no 
means to be despised either from the point 
of view of personal profit and recreation 
and value to the world at large, ]\Ir. Le- 
maux is a practical agriculturist, owning 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1243 



two fine farms, one of 202 acres in Jay 
County and one of 210 acres in Hendricks 
County. 

In polities Mr. Lemaux is a republican. 
He has been keenly interested in the politi- 
cal life of the state and nation since he 
attained manhood. For years he was a 
party committeeman in Randolph County. 
In January, 1918, he was appointed by 
Mayor Jewett as a member of the Board 
of Public Works of Indianapolis. 

Mr. Lemaux is a member of the Colum- 
bia and Marion clubs of Indianapolis, the 
Board of Trade and for three years was a 
director of the Chamber of Commerce. He 
is affiliated with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Improved Order of 
Red Jlen, the ilasons and the jModern 
"Woodmen of America at Ridgeville. 

On May 28, 1885, he married Miss Nora 
Ward. They have one son, Ir%'ing Ward, 
now associated with his father in business. 
Irving Ward Lemaux is also a member and 
president of the Marion County Council. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Lemaux are members 
of the Broadway ilethodist Episcopal 
Church. 

William F. Piel. Beginning about 1848 
Indianapolis became the home of thousands 
of high minded and industrious German 
citizens, constituting an element which 
has always been considered one of the most 
valuable in the makeup and development 
of the city. While as a distinct element 
the Germans were not a notable group of 
the population prior to 1848, a few had 
already transplanted their homes and affec- 
tions from the fatherland to this city, and 
one of these was the late William F. Piel, 
who remained for sixty years one of the 
most honored and substantial figures in 
the commercial and civic life of Indianap- 
olis. 

He was born in Prussia in 1823 and was 
eighty years of age at the time of his death 
in February, 1903. In his early life he 
had the environment of the German farm, 
and had only a common school education. 
In order to get the larger outlook and op- 
portunities of the world he came to this 
country in 1843, crossing the ocean on a 
sailing vessel and coming direct from the 
Atlantic seaboard to Indianapolis. Twenty 
years of age at the time, he possessed 
neither the capital nor the influence that 
made his advent an event of special impor- 



tance in the city. He began industriously 
working at the trade of cooper, and sub- 
sequently opened a shop of his own at Lib- 
erty and North streets. This be conducted 
for a number of years, and from that en- 
gaged in the retail grocery business. 

In a business way the principal associa- 
tions that gather around the name Piel 
are with the starch industry. William F. 
Piel established the first starch factory in 
Indianapolis in 1867. His plant was lo- 
cated at Pogues Run and New York Street. 
The first starch was manufactured in 1868. 
Despite a fire in the fall of that year which 
destroyed the plant, the building was im- 
mediately restored, and was continued in 
operation until 1872. In 1873 a new plant 
was built at White River and Dakota 
streets. From that time forward, under 
the management of William F. Piel, the 
industry continued to grow and prosper. 
In 1890" the Indianapolis plant was consoli- 
dated with others under the corporation 
National Starch Manufacturing Company. 
Mr. Piel continued as superintendent in 
charge of the Indianapolis industry until 
1902, when, already venerable in years, he 
retired from the most active cares of life. 

He possessed and expressed in his daily 
life the best ideals of the business man, a 
sound judgment, industry and indomitable 
will and enterprise. The injunctions and 
advice he gave his sons were all along the 
line of emphasizing business integrity, to 
the point of keeping business engagements 
thoroughly sacred and ordering every ac- 
tion and affair with strict regard to what 
was honorable and just. But his most 
marked characteristic was his domestic na- 
ture and his love of home. With all his 
industry he always kept in mind the wel- 
fare of those near and dear to him. His 
last years were made happy with the knowl- 
edge that his example and teaching bore 
fruit in the happiness and prosperity of his 
children gi-own up into ideal American cit- 
izens. He was especially fortunate in his 
wife. She was a loyal helper in his early 
struggles to build a home worthy the name, 
and above all was a loving, tender mother, 
ready to sympathize with the little prob- 
lems and troubles that seemed then so big 
to her children, and remained their true 
ad\nser through their later years. She 
reared her children with the gentleness 
and love of a real mother, and her kindly 
spirit, expressed in so many deeds of love 



1244 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and afTcetioii, is one of the cherished mem- 
ories of her own descendants and also of 
her many close and intimate friends. 

William F. Piel was a member of the 
German Lutheran Church and in politics a 
democrat. He once served as an alder- 
man, but he accepted the ofSce because ho 
deemed it his duty to devote some time to 
municipal mattei-s and not because he was 
enamored of political life. He helped 
found the Orphans Home, of which he was 
for years treasurer and a liberal patron. 

William F. Piel married Eleanor Wisch- 
meyer. She came to America from Ger- 
many when she was a young ^irl, and her 
father was a pioneer of Indianapolis. With 
all her devotion to her children and home 
she did much for charity, but it was a 
charity exemplified in the true Christian 
spirit, so that her deeds went unheralded 
and with no other thought in her mind 
than that the memory of them would cease 
when the benefaction reached its intended 
object. Of the seven children born to Wil- 
liam F. Piel and wife six grew to maturity, 
William F., Henry W., Charles F., Amelia, 
now Mrs. Henry Melcher, Lena, Mrs. 
Charles W. Voth, now deceased, and Mary, 
Mrs. Frank Sudbrock. 

William F. Piel, Jr., oldest of the three 
sons, was born at Indianapolis December 
25, 1851. He was educated both in public 
and parochial schools and later attended 
the old Northwestern Christian Univer- 
sity, now Butler College. In early youth 
he became associated with his father in 
business, and now for many years has not 
only directed the interests established by 
the elder Piel but has developed many of 
his own initiative. He was president of the 
National Starch Manufacturing Company 
and later of the National Starch Company 
until 1902. He is now president and 
treasurer of the Piel Brothers Starch Com- 
pany, and is a director of the Fletcher 
American National Bank and the Kipp 
Brothers wholesale house of Indianapolis. 

In politics he is a republican, is a Ger- 
man. Lutheran and a member of the Col- 
umbian Club. In 1874 he married Eliza- 
beth :Meyer. Of their eight children four 
arc living, Alfred L. ; Elmer W. ; William 
W. ; and Edna, wife of Alexander Metzger. 

The late Henry W. Piel, second of the 
sons of William F. Piel, Sr., was born at 
Indianapolis in December, 1854. Though 
he died in 1904, at the age of fifty, he had 



accomplished those things which constitute 
an honorable and successful career. As a 
boy he attended Lutheran parochial schools 
and a business college in Indianapolis, and 
from early youth throughout his adult life 
was associated in the business founded by 
his father. In fact he inherited to a re- 
markable degree the industry and methodi- 
cal character of the Elder Piel, and was 
able to supply these elements in generous 
measure where they were most needed to 
insure the success of the business. Al- 
together he lived a clean, honorable, up- 
right life and his death at an early age 
was counted a great loss not only to his 
business and family but to the entire city. 
While he was essentially a business man 
he possessed natural aptitude as an artist, 
and many of his offhand drawings are 
still preserved in the familj-. Henry W. 
Piel married ]\Iiss Mary Ostermeyer. He 
left three children : Laura, Mrs. Charles 
Koelling; Gertrude, Mrs. Alva W^song, 
and she died April, 1918; and Lillie, Mrs. 
George Sehwier. 

Charles F. Piel, youngest son of the late 
William F. Piel, was born at Indianapolis 
March 8, 1856. His education came 
through the German Lutheran schools, pub- 
lic and private schools and the business col- 
lege. Growing up in the industry founded 
by his father, he learned its technical proc- 
esses from every angle and for a number 
of years he has handled business interests 
of large scope and importance. He is 
president of Piel Brothers Manufacturing 
Company, vice president, secretary and su- 
perintendent of Piel Brothers Starch Com- 
pany, treasurer of the Pioneer Brass Works 
and vice president and director of the 
wholesale establishment of Kipp Brothers. 
Politically he is an independent republican. 
In local affairs he has studiously voted for 
men and measures rather than party can- 
didates. In religion he is a Lutheran. 
Charles F. Piel married in 1880 Helena 
Straub. They are the parents of four chil- 
dren: Carl W., Alma, Selma and Her- 
bert. The daughters are twins, Alma be- 
ing now the wife of Walter Sudbrock, 
and Selma is Mrs. Harry Brinkmeyer. 

Fr.vncis L. Atwood is a veteran of the 
profession of mechanical engineering and 
has been an engineer and business execu- 
tive with a number of large manufactur- 
ing corporations both east and west. For 



INDIxiNA AND INDIANAXS 



1245 



the past five years he has been factory man- 
ager and a stockholder in the Remy Elec- 
tric Company of Anderson. The high 
standing of this corporation in the indus- 
trial world is sufficient of itself to speak of 
Mr. Atwood's efficiency as an industrial 
manager and engineer. In August, 1918, 
Mr. Atwood became vice president and 
director of manufacturing of the Midwest 
Engine Company of Indianapolis, the new 
company having been fonned by a merger 
of the Lyons Atlas Company of Indianapo- 
lis and the Hill Pump Company of Ander- 
son, Indiana, 

He comes of an old New England family 
of French and English stock. He was 
born at Belehertown, Hampshire County, 
ilassachusetts. May 8, 1867, a son of Al- 
bert Augustus and Sarah Jane (Shuni- 
way) Atwood. His mother's people have 
lived in Ma.ssachusetts since about 1700. 
His grandfather, Albert Atwood, and his 
father were both carriage makers at Beleh- 
ertown and spent their lives in that in- 
dustry and in that locality. The gi-and- 
father died at the advanced age of ninety- 
nine. Albert Augustus Atwood died in 
1897, aged seventy-two, while his wife sur- 
vived him until March, 1917, and was then 
ninety-two years of age. 

Francis L. Atwood attended public 
school at Belehertown and for a year and 
a half pursued a special course in me- 
chanical engineering at Lowell Institute, 
in Boston. His first engineering experi- 
ence was with the Blake-Knowles Steam 
Pump Company at Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts. He was with that industry twelve 
years, part of the time as general iforcman 
and superintendent. He also did some 
government work and for three years was 
general superintendent of The "Wonder 
Working Machinery Company of Lynn, 
Massachusetts. . 

Mr. Atwood came to Anderson from Day- 
ton, Ohio, where for two and a half years 
he was factor}' manager of the Dayton 
Recording and Computing Machine Com- 
pany. On July 1, 1913, he accepted the 
responsibilities as factory manager for the 
Eemy Electric Company. Since coming to 
Anderson he has invested in local real es- 
tate and has some other business interests. 

In 1887 he married Miss Atteresta 
Thatcher of Great Barrington, I\Iassachu- 
setts. Two children were born to their 
marriage: Rena Jane and Mildred. The 



former finished her education in Wellesley 
College and is now office manager at Day- 
ton for Schinck & Williams, architects. 
The daughter Mildred married Dallas 
Sells, of Anderson, and is the mother of 
two children, Frances, born in 1915, and 
Virginia, born in 1917. 

Mr. Atwood is affiliated with the various 
branches of York and Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry, including the Shrine at Dayton, 
Ohio. He is a member of Anderson Lodge 
of Elks, and is a charter member of Lodge 
No. 42 of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows at Springfield, Vermont. He is 
a republican, a member of tlie Columbian 
Club of Indianapolis, of the Anderson 
Country Club, the Dayton Bicycle Club, 
the Mystic Club of Dayton and the Cham- 
ber of Commerce at Anderson. The family 
are members of the Presbyterian Church. 

Rev. Gilbkrt De La JIatyr, congress- 
man, was bom in Pharsalia, New York, 
June 8, 1825, and was of Huguenot de- 
scent. He was self-educated. He worked 
with his father as a carpenter until he 
was twenty-three years of age, but had 
been licensed to preach, by the Methodist 
Church, at the age of twenty. 

His ministerial work was interrupted by 
the Civil war. In 1862 he helped organize 
the Eighth New York Heavy Artillery, and 
went out as its chaplain for the remainder 
of tlie war. After the war he resumed 
preaching, having charges at Brooklyn, 
Omaha and Kansas City. In 1874 he came 
to Roberts Park Church, Indianapolis; 
and, after the full three years there, was 
ti-ansferred to Grace Church, Indianap- 
olis. 

On July 24, 1878, he was nominated for 
Congress by the national party of the In- 
dianapolis district; and on August 30 was 
nominated by the democratic party for 
the same office. The district had been 
strongly republican, but he was elected, 
and served in 1879-81. He was not elo- 
quent in the ordinary acceptation of the 
word, but was convincing by his intense 
earnestness. 

Mr. De La Matyr married I\Iarietta Os- 
liorn, of Mount Morris, New York, in 1877. 
After his term in Congress he M-as called 
to Denver, Colorado. He was transferred 
from Colorado Conference, after serving 
at Denver for three years, to Northeast 
Ohio Conference; and died at Akron, 



1246 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



Ohid, May 17, 1892, and was buried at 
Albion, New York. A sketch of his early 
life will be found in "Representative Men 
of Indiana," Seventh District, page 29. 

WiLLi.Ud M. JiLLSON during his active 
career contributed materially to the indus- 
trial affairs and prosperity of Indianapolis, 
and his is one of the outstanding names 
in that city during the last half century. 

The Jillson family is undeniably Scotch 
but the date of the coming of the ancestors 
to this country is unknown. Mr. Jillson 's 
father was Samuel Tower Jillson. He was 
a New Englander, at one time was super- 
intendent of a mill at Stafford Springs, 
Connecticut, and finally owned and oper- 
ated a woolen mill at South Wilbraham, 
Massachusetts. He exemplitied much of 
that intellectual power and versatility and 
mechanical genius for which both the New 
England Yankee and the Scotch are fa- 
mous. He had very superior ability in 
mechanical lines. During the war his fac- 
tory was employed in manufacturing for 
the Government what was known at Cadet 
cloth. He invented many appliances that 
later became familiar features in woolen 
manufacture. He married Maria Douglas, 
and they both died in Massachusetts. They 
were the parents of four children. 

William M. Jillson was born at Vernon, 
Connecticut, November 9, 1843. He grew 
up in [Massachusetts, and received his edu- 
cation in the historical red sehoolhouse 
of the New England hills. At the age of 
fourteen his studies were ended and he was 
put to work in a woolen factory. The recol- 
lection of this phase of his youth was not 
altogether pleasant. He began work before 
breakfast and averaged about fourteen 
hours every day of hard and unremitting 
toil. His youthful spirit and ambition 
could not long confine themselves to such 
a dull and monotonous routine. At the 
age of eighteen he left the factory and 
went to Springtield, Massachusetts, and 
for a time was employed in operating a 
drill press in a machine factory. Later, 
at Providence, Rhode Island, he was with 
a factory making arms for the government. 
From there he went to New York City 
and later to Ilion, New York, where he 
worked with the Remington Arms Com- 
pany. By putting in extra time he earned 
as high as $5 a day, a very high wage for 
the munition worker of that dav. He con- 



tinued his employment with munition 
works until the close of the Civil war. 

After the war his home was at Seneca 
Falls, New York, where he soon went on 
the road as a traveling salesman. In this 
work he found verj- congenial occupation. 
He was fond of travel and had the quall- 
tications that make the successful sales- 
man and traveling man. He was on the 
road up to 1872, and in that time visited 
every considerable town in the United 
States and Canada. 

From 1872 Mr. Jillson "s home was at 
Indianapolis. For a time he operated a 
coal mine and later founded a steam water 
and gas supply house, which was eventu- 
ally incorporated as the Knight & Jillson 
Company. This grew and prospered and 
liecame one of the important industries of 
Indianapolis. At one time, during the 
natural gas era, its annual business aggre- 
gated nearly .$1,500,000. Mr. Jillson re- 
tired in 1909, and was afterward busied 
only with his private affairs and interests. 
He was a democrat in politics but never 
sought any public office and as a member 
of the Woodstock Country Club he was 
frequently found during the summer en- 
joying a game of golf. 

In 1876 he married Mary Cook Clip- 
pinger. Her father was a well known 
physician of Indianapolis. They had two 
children, Douglas Clippingcr and Anna 
Louise. The death of William M. Jillson 
occurred on the 15th of December, 1918. 

Thomas A. Wynne. A detailed story of 
the experience of Thomas A. Wynne at 
Indianapolis during the last thirty years 
would reflect all the important history 
in electrical development and application 
to modern uses. ]Mr. Wynne engaged in 
the electrical business when he was a boy 
about the time Thomas Edison brought out 
his first crude incandescent light. 

lie was born August 31, 1866, in Otta- 
wa, Canada, son of Thomas N. and Cath- 
erine (Copeland) Wynne. Thomas N. 
Wynne was born in County Kilkenny, Ire- 
land, and came to America about 1835 with 
his father, James Wynne. James Wynne 
located on a farm near Ottawa, Canada, 
and spent the rest of his life in that part 
of the country. He was a successful 
farmer, and was interested in local affairs, 
especially in educational matters. At one 
time he held the office of superintendent of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1247 



publiL- schools in Canada. He was a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church and possessed 
marked literary tastes. He died in his 
ninety-ninth year. The Wynne family in 
fact are particularly long-lived. Mr. Thom- 
as A. Wynne's grandmother lived to be a 
hundred and seven years old, and both his 
father and mother are still living at the age 
of eighty-five. 

Thomas N. Wynne, one of a family of 
seven children, vi-as educated in the public 
schools of Canada, and in early life took 
up the manufacture of furniture. He was 
in that business in Ottawa, also in Vermont, 
and at Port Henry, New York. In 1875 he 
went to ilinneapolis, and was in the furni- 
ture and lumber business there for fifteen 
years. Since then he has lived in Essex 
County, New York. He is a member of the 
Episcopal Church, has been deeply inter- 
ested in community affairs and politics but 
has never sought office. 

Thomas A. Wynne was third in a family 
of seven children. His early education was 
accpiired in the common schools of New 
York and Minnesota. When he was twelve 
years old he went to work for the Chicago, 
Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway Company, 
and was with that corporation about four 
years. In the meantime he had become 
keenly interested in the rapid progress of 
adapting electricity to economic and indus- 
trial purposes, and he was one of the first 
men in the Middle West who had some ex- 
pert knowledge of the electrical appliances 
of thirty or thirty-five years ago. He in- 
stalled apparatus for the first electric light- 
ing plant in Minneapolis, and also worked 
for a time in St. Paul. Then in 1887 he 
came to Indianapolis to take a position with 
the Jenny Electric Company, builders of 
electrical machinery. ]\Ir. Wynne's part 
was to install the machinery, and during 
1888 he was engaged in installing machin- 
ery at the Union Station during the presi- 
dential campaign of General Harrison. 

Later in 1888 he became identified with 
the Marmon & Perry Company when they 
started a central station in Indianapolis. 
Mr. Wynne was superintendent of the com- 
pany and has been with that firm and its 
successors continually now for thirty-one 
years. He was in the central station busi- 
ness with Marmon & Perry, then with their 
successors, the Indianapolis Light and Pow- 
er Company, and still later with the Indi- 
anapolis Light & Heat Company, the prin- 



cipals in all these firms being practicallj' 
the same people who were in the business 
at the outset in 1888. Mr. Wynne became 
vice president and treasurer of the Indian- 
apolis Light & Heat Company about ten 
years ago, and still occupies that position. 

The first central station was established 
in the rear of the old Sentinel Building, 
opposite the present Traction & Terminal 
Building, with a small generator for the 
production of about 25 hocsepower. Today 
the Indianapolis Light & Heat Company 
develop a capacity of 70,000 horsepower, 
and this increase in a sense measures the 
remarkable increase of applied electricity 
during the last thirty years. The first 
building to be lighted from the central sta- 
tion of Indianapolis was the old Park 
Theater, then owned and operated by Dick- 
son & Talbott. Since then the service has 
been extended to almost the entire city 
and county. The equipment in the same 
time has changed so radically that an early 
piece of apparatus would not be recognized 
to day by the modern operators. The 
prime mover has evolved from an old slide; 
valve engine to the very latest type of what 
is called turbine generator. The last piece 
of apparatus installed in Indianapolis — 
the largest in Indiana — takes up about the 
same room as that taken by the first piece 
installed in 1888. The distinction is not 
in size but in the difi'erence of work be- 
tween the two pieces, this difference being 
measured by 30,000 horsepower. 

The officers of the Indianapolis Light & 
Heat Company at the present time are 
Charles C. Perry, president, Thomas A. 
Wynne, vice president and treasurer, and 
Walter C. Marmon, secretary. 

While this business has been well cal- 
culated to absorb the chief energies and en- 
thusiasm of Mr. Wynne during all these 
years, it is not his only concern and posi- 
tion in Indianapolis life and affairs. He is 
vice president of the Farmers Trust Com- 
pany, vice president of the West Sido 
Trust Company, a director of the State 
Savings and Trust Company, and his name 
appears in connection with a number of 
other business enterprises. He is a mem- 
ber of all the ^Masonic bodies, the Improved 
Order of Red ]\Ien, the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks and the Knights of 
Pythias. His name is on the rolls of mem- 
bership, of the Chamber of Commerce. 
Board of Trade, Columbia Club, American 



1248 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Club, Athenaeum, Maennerchor, Independ- 
ent Athletic Club, Indianapolis Athletic 
and Canoe Club, Herron Art Institute, Ro- 
tary Club, Advertisers' Club, and other or- 
ganizations. He is a republican in polities 
' and served one term with the City Council. 
He is a member of the Episcopal Church. 

In 1886, at Minneapolis, Mr. Wynne 
married Miss Mary Neil, daughter of Thom- 
as and Mary Neil. Their happy married 
life was terminated by her death in 1891. 
Two sons were Leslie B. and Thomas Neil. 
Leslie, born June 6, 1888, was educated at 
Cornell University, graduating in 1913. He 
is a mechanical engineer by profession and 
for several years has been connected with 
the General Electric Company and the In- 
dianapolis Light & Heat Company, and 
during 1918 was in the aviation department 
of the Government. Thomas Neil, born 
June 24, 1890, was educated in the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, graduating in 1913, 
and is also a mechanical engineer in the 
service of the Indianapolis Light & Heat 
Company. 

William T. Young. While his perma- 
nent home has only been in Indianapolis 
since 1910, William T. Young has a fine 
practice as a lawyer and is one of the prom- 
inent and public spirited figures in the life 
of the capital city. He is a man of broad 
experience in the legal profession, which 
he has practiced for a quarter of a century. 

Mr. Young was born at Jackson, Ten- 
nessee, a son of M. C. and P. H. (Stephens) 
Young. He grew up in his native city, and 
in 1889 was graduated from Union Uni- 
versity of Jackson. He then pursued the 
study of law and in 1893 was admitted 
to tiie bar at Jonesboro, Arkansas. Mr. 
Young before coming to Indianapolis was 
in practice at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and en- 
joyed a successful business as a lawyer 
there until 1910. During that time he 
served as city attorney of Pine Bluff. 

Mr. Young was one of the organizers 
and was the first president of the Southern 
Club of Indianapolis, which was organized 
in ]\Iarch, 1916. It contains in its mem- 
bership about 100 native sons of the South 
who have found a home in this city. He 
continued as president of the club until the 
spring of 1918. 

Mr. Young married Miss Eddine Hud- 
son, of Tennessee. They have two sons. 
Lieutenant William T., Jr., and Collier H. 



Young. William T. Young, Jr., saw active 
military service on the Mexican border as a 
member of the First Indiana Regiment, 
Field Artillery. He is now a lieutenant of 
Company C, One Hundred and Forty-Sev- 
enth Field Artillery, and went with that 
regiment to France in the famous Rainbow 
Division. For some weeks he has been on 
the battle front. 

RussEL M. Seeds, president of the Rus- 
sel M. Seeds Company, general advertising 
agency at Indianapolis, was in early life a 
newspaper man. He was one of the first 
men in Indiana to make a commercial suc- 
cess of a general advertising agency, and 
achieved that in face of considerable diffi- 
culties and obstacles. 

Mr. Seeds was born at Shadeville, Frank- 
lin County, Ohio, not far from Columbus, 
October 12, 1865, son of Robert and Har- 
riet (White) Seeds. He was left an or- 
phan when a child and grew up in his na- 
tive county and lived there until about the 
age of sixteen. He was educated in the 
public schools of Columbus and took his 
college course at Ann Arbor, in the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, graduating in 1886. 
After a few months ' trip abroad he went to 
work as newspaper reporter on the old Col- 
umbus Times. He later bought an interest 
in the Champion City Times at Springfield, 
Ohio. Here he lost all his savings and for 
a few months was again a journeyman 
newspaper reporter on the Kansas City 
Times. 

Mr. Seeds came to Indianapolis in 1889 
and for a time was state editor on the 
Journal and five years city editor. He 
served as secretary of the Republican State 
Central Committee in 1894. He then es- 
tablished a news correspondence bureau, 
which he continued about three years. Part 
of that time he also served as chief clerk 
in the office of secretary of state. These 
I'clations he finally gave up to become sec- 
retary of the ^Monetary Executive Com- 
mittee, an organization for the purpose of 
educating the public on the gold standard 
basis of finance. At the end of this serv- 
ice he became advertising manager of the 
Atlas Engine Works. 

With a varied experience in general pub- 
licity covering nearly twenty years, in 1904 
he established his present business, a gen- 
eral advertising agency. As already noted, 
he was one of the first to make this par- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1249 



ticular line of endeavor a financial suc- 
cess. j\Ir. Seeds all this time has been iden- 
tified with different public affairs. He is a 
member of the Columbia Club, and a re- 
publican in polities. 

In 1887, at Springfield, Ohio, Mr. Seeds 
married Caroline Douglas. By that union 
he has one daughter, Marjorie, now Mrs. 
I\Iathews Fletcher. In 1907 Mr. Seeds mar- 
ried Miss Nettie Brinkman, of Indianapo- 
lis. Their two daughters are Marian and 
Virginia. 

W.vLTER Bernard Hatden, manager of 
the Menter Company, Men's and Women's 
Clothing, of Indianapolis, is a merchant 
and mercantile manager of long and va- 
ried experience, and is a veteran business 
man though by no means as old in years 
as his record might otherwise indicate. 

He was born May 9, 1876, at Chicago, 
Illinois, a son of William Pearce and Mary 
(Gaul) Ilayden, both of whom are now de- 
ceased. For many years their home was in 
Illinois. The father came from Ireland, 
was a farmer before he went to Illinois, 
was at one time connected with the old Tre- 
mont Hotel in Chicago, and afterwards was 
a sergeant with the South Park police of 
Chicago. Walter B. Hayden is the young- 
est of nine children, three of whom are 
still living. 

He attended public school at Enfield, 
Illinois, also the Southern Illinois College 
and the State Normal at Carbondale, Illi- 
nois. He obtained his first experience in 
business as clerk in a country store at En- 
field. Seeking broader and larger oppor- 
tunities, he found an opening with the John 
Gately Company, one of the largest con- 
cerns of its kind in Chicago. He was with 
that house for fifteen years and eventually 
was made credit manager of the Chicago 
general office, serving in that position on_e 
year. 

On April 23, 1910, Mr. Hayden came to 
Indianapolis to manage the Indianapolis 
store of the Gately Company at 42 South 
Penn Street. Later he was transferred to 
the Gately Company's branch at Terre 
Haute, where he remained a year and a 
half. Returning to Indianapolis, he was 
with the People's Credit Clothing Com- 
pany for a year and a half, and then on 
January 29, 1913, assumed the position 
of general manager of the The Menter 
Company. 



This business was started by ^Ir. IMen- 
ter and Mr. Rosenbloom about 1889, as a 
partnership, under the name of Menter & 
Rosenbloom. The cash capital with which 
the business started was $250, and a store 
was operated in the City of Rochester, 
New York, selling men 's clothing on credit 
payments. They made little money and 
opened another store and continued ex- 
panding, opening about one store a year 
until the Spanish war broke out in 1898, at 
which time they were obliged to stop their 
expansion. After the close of the war, they 
took in Mr. Michaels as a new partner in 
1899, and with the boom in business sub- 
sequent to the Spanish war they expanded 
very rapidly until in 1904 they operated 
forty-two stores. In that year the company 
was incorporated with a capital paid in of 
$300,000. Their expansion continued after 
that until in 1906 the company was oper- 
ating fifty-seven stores. At that time Mr. 
Michaels sold his interest to ]\Ir. Brickner, 
and the business continued to run along 
under the same management until January, 
1914. In July, 1913, Mr. Rosenbloom died 
and in July, 1914, Mr. Menter died. On 
account of the death of these two men, 
and neither of tliem leaving any successor 
who could conduct the business, it was re- 
organized in 1914 and the present owners 
and officers took charge of it. Their names 
and the office which they hold are as fol- 
lows: David M. Brickner, president; Sol 
Solomon, vice president. T. J. Swanton, 
vice president ; M. 0. Brickner, secretary ; 
H. P. Swanton, treasurer ; and E. ]\I. Wei- 
dert, assistant treasurer, and they also con- 
stitute the Board of Directors. 

Having spent nearly all his life in his 
particular line of business, Mr. Hayden 
has a knowledge of it which only one of 
such experience can have. There is prob- 
ably no man in Indiana who has made a 
better success of sollinsr clothing on th" in- 
stallment plan than Mr. Hayden. It is 
liis knowledge of credits and the liberal pol- 
icy which he has instituted which have 
been the foundation of the remarkable 
success of the Jlenter Company. When he 
became connected with this company's 
.store at Indianapolis he found a very small 
enterprise. In four years the business has 
grown in volume of sales over 300 per cent. 
The company now occupies the entire sec- 
ond floor of the Vajen Block at 120 North 
Penn Street. This is one of the oldest build- 



1250 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ings in the business district of Indianapolis. 
It is modernly equipped for merchandis- 
ing, giving the customers the best possible 
service. The liberal terms extended by The 
Menter Company enable its patrons to buy 
clothing for the whole family where it 
would be impossible for many working peo- 
ple to buj' otherwise. 

Mr. Hayden is a democrat in politics and 
has been quite active in the affairs of his 
party and his community. He is a mem- 
ber of the Catholic Church. June 12, 1907, 
at Washington, Indiana, he married Miss 
Florence May Mills, daughter of Alouzo 
Mills of Washington. They are the parents 
of two children: Bernard, born November 
21, 1908, and Aletha JIarv, born September 
11, 1910. 

Joseph Dickinson. The records of en- 
lightened and useful Indiana citizenship 
could hardly present a fairer page than 
that on which is told the career of Joseph 
Dickinson, a prominent business man, 
stanch Quaker, friend of education and of 
freedom. His American life was spent 
chiefly in Wayne County, Indiana. 
, He was born June 6, 1820, at Broughton, 
England, son of Jonathan and Alice H 
Dickinson and of a long line of Quaker 
ancestry. The family moved to Sheilield 
when Joseph was a boy and he there grew 
to man's estate and served an apprentice- 
ship of seven years at the plumbing trade. 
He had but limited opportunities to get 
an education and these opportunities were 
derived chiefly from the Ackworth School, 
which he attended to the age of fourteen. 
After serving his apprenticeship he worked 
at his trade for about two years. 

In the meantime his father had died, 
leaving the family in straightened circum- 
stances. With a younger brother, George, 
in 1842 he took passage on a cotton freight- 
er bound for New Orleans, loaded only with 
ballast. In the United States the boys 
hoped to establish homes for their widowed 
mother and the other children. After six 
■weeks they reached New Orleans, and from 
there worked their way by boats up the 
Mississippi and Ohio rivers to Cincinnati, 
and from there by canal to Milton in 
Wayne County, Indiana. Thus the entire 
distance from England to this part of the 
Central West had been covered entirely by 
water. Undoubtedly the influence which 
attracted them to Wayne County, Indiana, 



was its prominence as one of the largest 
and oldest centers of Quaker settlement in 
the Middle West. 

In Wa.yne County Joseph Dickinson be- 
gan making wooden pumps. From the 
hewed timber, bored by hand, were pro- 
duced a crude pump of that period. Later 
horse power was used for boring and finally 
lathes were installed. The business grew 
and the Dickinson pumps had a demand 
over a large section of territory. A birth- 
right Quaker and a devout adherent to its 
tenets, Joseph Dickinson was from the first 
prominently identified with his chui'ch. 

At Milton, Indiana, October 17, 1844, 
he married Mrs. Esther G. (Hiatt) White, 
a widow with one son, Oliver Wliite. Her 
father, Bena.jah Hiatt, on account of his 
antipathy to the institution of Iniman slav- 
ery, drove by wagon over the mountains 
from North Carolina to Wayne County, 
Indiana, in 1825. Benajah Hiatt was one 
of the leading men of his community, well 
known for his upright life and his influence 
for good. 

In 1849 Joseph Dickinson removed to 
Richmond, Indiana, which city remained 
his home the rest of his days. He contin- 
ued manufacturing pumps, and inciden- 
tally as Richmond grew to a city he found 
opportunity to engage again in the plumb- 
ing business. In 1869 he established a busi- 
ness which is now rounding out a half 
century of successful existence, in the 
handling of farm mortgages and loans. 
This is one of the largest, most reliable and 
best known of the various concerns of its 
kind in Indiana. 

In all respects Joseph Dickinson was an 
ideal citizen. In the language of one who 
knew him intimately he was a "stanch, 
sturdy Englishman, thoroughly American- 
ized." He was a devout churchman and 
for more than thirty years he was pur- 
chasing and distributing agent of the Cen- 
tral Book & Tract Committee. As an offi- 
cial of the Indiana Yearly Meeting of the 
Society of Friends he helped establish and 
maintain South Land College at Helena, 
Arkansas, for the benefit of colored people. 
Prior to the Civil war he became prominent 
in the operation of the underground rail- 
way, and later was active in the Freed- 
man's Bureau. He was one of the original 
members and organizers of the Friends 
Boarding School at Richmond, which was 
an important nucleus of the present Earl- 



INDIANA AXD INDIAXAXS 



1251 



ham College. Joseph Dickinson served as 
treasurer of the college for fifteen years. 
He was particularly active in educational 
and religious work. He possessed a keen 
mind and his natural abilities enabled him 
to acquire a fortune by legitimate means. 

He died August 5, 1895, his wife hav- 
ing passed away February 2, 1891. They 
had four children : Hannah D., widow of 
Charles A. Francisco ; Samuel, deceased : 
ilaria D., wife of Paul Washburn, of Se- 
attle, Washington ; and Joseph J., senior 
member of the firm Dickinson & Reed, 
mortgage loan agents of Indianapolis. 

Fr.vnklin Monroe Boone. Among the 
men whose abilities have been recognized 
by election to pasitions of importance in 
business and financial enterprises at South 
Bend during recent years, one who has 
attained more than ordinary distinction is 
Franklin Monroe Boone, treasurer and 
financial secretary of the South Bend 
Building and Loan Association. Mr. 
Boone is a product of Saint Joseph County 
and ha.s passed his entire business career at 
South Bend, where his advancement has 
been steady and consistent, culminating 
in his election to his present position among 
the officials of the oldest building and loan 
association in Northern Indiana. 

Franklin RI. Boone was born on a farm 
four miles northwest of South Bend, in 
Saint Joseph County. Indiana, March 28, 
1874, and is a son of Daniel W. and Catha- 
rine (Dressier) Boone. The Boone fam- 
ily originated in England, from whence 
its members came to the Colony of Vir- 
ginia prior to the Revolutionary war, and 
among its most noted representatives was 
the famous Daniel Boone, the pioneer of 
Kentucky, who may be said to have ex- 
plored and aided in the settlement of the 
country from the Allegheny Mountains to 
the frontier of Rlissouri. The paternal 
grandfather of Franklin RI. Boone was 
Philip Baltimore Boone, who was born near 
Indianajiolis. and tiecame an early resi- 
dent of Saint Josei:)h County, for many 
years carrying on farming on the home- 
stead northwest of South Bend. He was 
a successful agriculturist, and in his de- 
clining years retired to South Bend, where 
he died in 1899. First a whig and later 
a republican in politics, he was a man of 
influence and prominence in his secticm. 
and served for some rears as trustee of 



German Township. Originally he was a 
member of the United Brethren Church, 
but later transferred his membership to 
the RIethodist Episcopal Church, in the 
faith of which he died. He married Su- 
sanna Rliller, a native of Saint Jo.seph 
Count.v, whose death occurred at South 
Bend. 

Daniel W. Boone, father of Franklin RI. 
Boone, was born RIarch 4, 1848, on the 
homestead place in Saint Joseph County, 
and was there educated in the public 
schools and reared to the vocation of farm- 
ing. Like his father, he was a man of 
ability and industry and succeeded in the 
accumulation of a valuable property, upon 
which he continued to carry on operations 
until his retirement in 1900. At that time 
he removed to Buchanan, Rlichigan, where 
he now makes his home. He is a republi- 
can, but his only share in polities has been 
the easting of his vote in support of the 
candidates and policies of his party. Mr. 
Boone married Catharine Dressier, who 
was born in Juniata County, Pennsylvania, 
in RIarch, 1855, and they became the par- 
ents of the following children: Franklin 
RIonroe: Edith, who is the wife of Wil- 
liam Dempsey, formerly a farmer and now 
connected with a flour and feed mill at 
Buchanan. Rlichigan; Philip B., who has 
charge of a flour and feed mill at 
Buchanan, Rlichigan; Robert RI., who is 
manager of his father's farm two miles 
south of Buchanan; Hallie, who resides 
with her parents ; and George RI., who is a 
student of dentistry at the University of 
Rlichigan, Ann Arbor. 

Franklin RI. Boone was educated in the 
imral schools of Saint Joseph County, sup- 
plementing this with a commercial course 
at the South Bend Business College, which 
he left in 1893. He next read law for three 
years in the law ofBce of J. D. and Joseph 
Henderson, but gave up his legal studies 
to accept a position as accountant with 
the Birdsell Rfanufacturing Company. 
While he has never practiced his profes- 
sion, it has been of great value to him in 
the various positions which he has held. 
After two years with the firm above named 
he was made deputy county auditor, spend- 
ing four years under Auditor John Bro\vu. 
Next he became identified with the Tribune 
Printing Company, and spent ten years 
ill that concern's service as an accountant, 
Init resigned August 1, 1913, when he was 



1252 



INDIANA AND INDTANANS 



elected treasurer and financial secretary 
of the Building and Loan Association of 
South Bend, in which be also holds a di- 
rectorship. This is the oldest building; and 
loan association in Northern Indiana, hav- 
ing been incorporated July 5, 1882, and 
has enjoyed a steady and continuous 
growth, its present authorized capital be- 
ing $2,000,000. Its officers are: Elmer 
Crockett, president; William R. Baker, 
vice president; F. M. Boone, treasurer and 
financial secretary; W. A. Bugbee, secre- 
tary; and directors, Elmer Crockett, Wil- 
liam R. Baker, F. M. Boone, W. A. Bug- 
bee, W. 0. Davies, Donald MacGregor, 
H. S. Bodet, H. G. Schock and C. E. 
Crockett. Mr. Boone's abilities have been 
largely instrumental in continuing the 
success of this pioneer association, and his 
associates place unquestioning confidence 
in his foresight and .judgment. He is pres- 
ident of the State League Building and 
Loan Association and has other business 
interests, in addition to which he is the 
owner of valuable realty at South Bend 
and a handsome farm of 164 acres, located 
in Laporte County, Indiana. His stand- 
ing in business circles of the city may be 
inferred from the fact that he was secre- 
tary of the South Bend Chamber of Com- 
merce in 1916 and that he is now a direc- 
tor and one of the working members of 
that organization. Mr. Boone holds mem- 
bership in the Northern Indiana Histori- 
cal Society, the Indiana Orange, the Knife 
and Fork' Club and the Rotary Club. He 
is a thirty-second degree ilason and has 
been prominent in this order, belonging 
to Portage Lodge No. 675, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, of which he is a 
past master, having been master in 1913 ; 
South Bend Chapter No. 29, Royal Arch 
Masons ; South Bend Commandery No. 13, 
Knights Templar, of which he has been 
recorder for many years ; South Bend 
Council No. 82, Royal and Select Masters; 
Fort Wayne Consistory, Scottish Rite Ma- 
sons ; and Mizpah Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of Fort 
Wayne. With his family he belongs to 
the Presbyterian Church, and is now serv- 
ing as secretary of the board of trustees. 
One of the leading republicans of his city 
and county, he is trea.surer of the Saint 
Joseph County Republican Central Com- 
mittee and vice chairman of the Republi- 
can Central Committee of South Bend, 



also a member of the Board of Public 
Safety of the city. Altogether, he is a man 
who touches and improves life on many 
sides. 

In August, 1902, at Union Mills, Indi- 
ana, 'Mr. Boone was married to Miss Clara 
Learn, who was born at that place, and 
they are the parents of one child, Edgar 
R., born September 7, 1907. The modern 
and attractive family home is located at 
No. 815 Park Avenue. 

John Purdue, philanthropist, was born 
in Huntington County, Pennsylvania, Oc- 
tober 31, 1802, at the Village of Germany. 
His father was a poor but industrious Ger- 
man pioneer. At the age of eight John 
was started to a country school, where he 
applied himself so diligently that while 
still in his "teens" he was made teacher. 
He removed west with his father's family, 
locating first in Ross County, and then 
at AYorthington. He taught school from 
1826 to 1830 at Piqua. 

In 1839 he located at Lafayette, Indiana, 
and formed a business partnership with 
Moses Fowler, which business with sev- 
eral changes in the firm, was continued 
until 1855, when ilr. Purdue engaged in 
the commission business in New York City. 
Here he was phenomenally successful, and 
in 1865 returned to Lafayette with a large 
fortune. He resided in Lafayette until his 
death resulted in September, 1876, from 
a stroke of apoplexy. 

In 1865 Indiana accepted the provisions 
of the acts of Congress of 1862 and 1864 
for grants of land to states for the estab- 
lishment of agricultural schools, but the 
school was not located until 1869. In that 
year it was established at Lafavette, as 
the result of an offer of $150,000 from 
John Purdue if located there and named 
for him, supplemented by a further offer 
of $50,000 from Tippecanoe County on like 
conditions. IVIr. Piirdue was interested in 
the work through his o\ra experience as a 
teacher, and as a farmer between school 
seasons. He served as a trustee of the in- 
stitution until his death. Its development 
into one of the gi-eatest technical schools 
of the country is a part of the history of 
the state. 

Jacob Edg.\r Mechling, now of Indian- 
apolis, is a man of special distinction be- 
cause of his long service and many promo- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1253 



tions as a practical railroad man, and for 
over thirty j-ears he has been connected 
with some branch of the great Pennsyl- 
vania system. He is now superintendent of 
motive power for the Pennsylvania lines. 

Mr. Meehling was born in Butler Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, November 29, 1863, and 
represents old Colonial and Revolutionary 
stock of Pennsylvania. His first American 
ancestor came from Rotterdam, Holland, 
in 1828, and landed at Philadelphia in 
September of the same year. Jacob Mech- 
ling: is a great-great-gi'andson of Jacob 
Mechling, who was boni in 1746 and died 
November 1, 1824. His wife, Catherine 
Mechling, was born in 1748 and died in 
August, 1832. He saw service in the Rev- 
olutionary war as a soldier in "Washington's 
army. The great-grandfather was Jacob 
Mechling, who was bom December 8, 1770, 
and died January 10, 1860. He married 
Marv Magdaline Drum, who was born 
March 20, 1777, and died May 14, 1852. 

The grandfather was another Jacob 
Mechling. born October 20, 1795, and died 
March 8, 1873. He married Jane Sander- 
son Thompson, who was born September 
22, 1796, and died May 14, 1872. 

The father of Mr. Mechling was Joseph 
Buffington ilechling, who was born Feb- 
ruary 28, 1838, and died ]\Iay 4, 1910. He 
was a man of considerable prominence in 
Western Pennsylvania, had a liberal educa- 
tion, for several years was a teacher and 
for two years was principal of the high 
school at Butler. He was also a lawyer and 
.a farmer, and shared in the confidence 
and respect of all who knew him in a 
business or social way. He married Mar- 
garet A. jMcQuistion, who was born October 
29, 1839, and is still living. Her grand- 
father, John jMcQuistion, came from Ire- 
land in 1794 and located in Wlestmoreland 
County and later in Butler County, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Jacob Edgar Mechling is the oldest in a 
family of nine children, eight of whom are 
still living. As a boy he attended the 
grammar and liigh schools of his native 
town and in 1880 went to work as a ma- 
cliinist 's apprentice with the H. A. Porter 
Locomotive Works at Pittsburg. In 
April, 1882, he first entered the service of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad at Pittsburg 
as a special apprentice. The following 
year, however, he entered the employ of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, 



and was with them until May, 1886. Since 
then his work has been continuous with 
some branch of the Pennsylvania system. 
After three months he was promoted to 
gang foreman of the erecting shop at Pitts- 
burg, later became assistant foreman in the 
shop where he was fir.st employed and still 
later was foreman of the new engine house 
at Wall, Pennsylvania, where he remained 
until May, 1902. At that date he became 
assistant master mechanic of the Pittsburg 
division, with headquarters at Pittsburg, 
but two years later was sent West and 
made master mechanic of the Vandalia line, 
with headquarters at Terre Haute. Mr. 
Mechling continued a resident of Terre 
Haute for fifteen years. On July 1, 1918, 
he was given his present duties as superin- 
tendent of motive power of the western 
lines of the Pennsylvania and now has his 
headquarters in the Majestic Building at 
Indianapolis. 

Mr. Mechling still retains his member- 
ship in Lodge No. 45 of the Masonic order 
of Pittslnirg, is also a Knight Templar 
and in January, 1919, was installed as 
commander of the Commandery at Terre 
Haute. He is also a thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite Indiana Consistory Mason 
and Shriner, is an Elk and is a vestrj'man 
in St. Stephen's Episcopal Clnireh at Terre 
Haute. In politics he is a republican. Jlr. 
Mechling married at Pittsburg in May, 
1886, Miss Ida May Bailey. They are the 
parents of one son and three daughters, 
Edgar B., Lillian M., Margaret E. and 
Lois R. 

Robert P. Zorn represents a family that 
has been identified with Michigan City for 
over fortj--five years. Mr. Zorn is vice 
president of the Michigan City Trust & 
Savings Bank, and at different times has 
found opportunity willingly and gladly to 
assist in many forward movements and un- 
dertakings in his home community. 

He was born at Blue Island in Cook 
County, Illinois. For many generations 
his forefathers lived at Wuerzburg, Ger- 
many. His great-grandfather, Adam Zorn, 
was a farmer in that community and spent 
all his life there. Philip Zorn, Sr., the 
grandfather, was a brewer, a business he 
followed in Germany until his death in 
1849, at the age of fortj'-one. His widow, 
IMargaret, survived him until 1879, pass- 
ing away at the age of sixty-eight. 



1254 



INDIAxXA AND INDIAXAXS 



The late Philip Zorn, who founded the 
family at Michigan City, was born in the 
City of Wuerzburg, Gennany, February 
21, 1837, being one of ten children. He 
attended public schools and later the Agri- 
cultural College of Nuremburg, Germany, 
and in 1854, at the age of sixteen, came to 
America. After one year in New York 
City he went west to Blue Island, Illi- 
nois, and managed a brewery in that Chi- 
cago suburb until 1871. He then estab- 
lished a brewery at Michigan City and 
gradually built up a large institution, and 
after taking in his two sons, Charles and 
Robert, in the business with him organized 
the Zorn Brewing Company, of which he 
was president at the time of his death. He 
was also a man of various interests, having 
been one of the promoters and organizers 
of the Merchants ]\Iutual Telephone Com- 
pany and was a member and served at one 
time as president of the Indiana Brewers 
Association. He was also the first vice 
president of the Citizens Bank of Michigan 
City. He was a democrat, served a term as 
councilman in Michigan City, and also held 
local offices at Blue Island, but on the 
whole was too busy to care for the honors 
and responsibilities of politics. He and his 
wife were members of the Lutheran 
Church. Philip Zorn married in October, 
1856, Miss Sophia Miller, daughter of 
Christian Miller. They were the parents 
of seven children: Charles, long associated 
with his father in business ; Amelia ; So- 
phia ; Leonard, who died at the age of two 
years; Robert: Herman, who died at the 
age of sixteen; and Louisa. The mother 
of these children died in 1897, aged fifty- 
eight. 

Robert P. Zorn grew up in Michigan 
City, attending the public schools, and then 
entered his father's brewery and had a 
large share in its management and opera- 
tion. Since his father's death the busi- 
ness has been sold and Mr. Zorn now gives 
his time to his private interests. He mar- 
ried Miss Flora Kneller, a native of Mich- 
igan City and a daughter of Lewis and 
Mary Kneller. Mr. and Mrs. Zorn have 
three children, ]\Iarie, Philip and Lewis. 
They are members of St. John's Lutheran 
Church and Mr. Zorn is affiliated with 
Michigan City Lodge No. 432, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, and ]\Iich- 
igan City Aerie No. 1228, Fraternal Order 
of Eagles. 



George Irving Christie was the man 
largely responsible for changing the atti- 
tude of the agricultural department of 
Purdue University from a passive to an 
active one. In other words, he was founder 
of the agricultural extension department 
and has been its superintendent since this 
department was organized. However great 
and valuable an institution may be, its 
benefits are limited as long as it remains 
stationary, pursuing merely a policj' of 
waiting for students to come to it. Pro- 
fessor Christie has carried the college 
courses, material and instruction to the 
most remote corners of the state. Thou- 
sands of worthy Indiana farmers have nev- 
er seen the inside walls of any technical 
institution, and because of natural inertia 
and other laws and conditions governing 
human beings in general a large proportion 
of them never would avail themselves of 
such opportunities as are extended by Pur- 
due University. But when Purdue Uni- 
versity is put on wheels and carried into 
the individual agricultural districts, it has 
been proved every year since Professor 
Christie began running his educational 
trains through Indiana that even the most 
backward and unprogressive rural districts 
turn out large numbers to see, be enter- 
tained and, incidentally, be instructed and 
get vital inspiration for better work ever 
afterward. 

Mr. Christie is a Canadian by birth, 
born at Winchester, Ontario, June 22, 
1881, a son of David and Mary Ann 
(House) Christie. He acquired a good 
training in the schools of his native place, 
and represented the progressive farming 
element of the province. In 1898 he en- 
tered Ontario Agricultural College at 
Guelph, from which he was graduated in 
June, 1902, with the degree Bachelor of 
Scientific Agi-ieulture. While in college he 
displayed his rapidly maturing abilities 
and gained no little prominence as a judge 
in agricultural contests at Ottawa, Canada, 
and also in the International Livestock Ex- 
position at Chicago. It was his work at the 
International which attracted to him the 
attention of the Iowa State College at 
Ames. That institution succeeded in. get- 
ting the brilliant young Canadian as assist- 
ant in agronomy, a department in which 
he served from 1903 to 1905. In 1903 he 
was honored by Iowa State College with 



1487917 

INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1255 



the degree Bachelor of S/jientific Agi'icul- 
ture. 

On July 1, 1905, ilr. Christie came to 
Purdue Universitj' as assistant in soils and 
crops, and in the following year he 
founded and was put in charge of the ag- 
ricultural extension work, which under his 
energetic direction has become perhaps the 
most valuable department of the Univer- 
sity. The department grew rapidly in 
scope and volume of its work and at the 
present time its staff consists of more than 
two hundred and fifty trained men and 
women, experts in the various lines of sci- 
entific agriculture and home economies who 
reach more than one million people on the 
farms annually. 

In 1905 he sent out his first special edu- 
cational train, and since then has utilized 
twelve lines of railway in reaching directly 
all the farmers of the state. From these 
trains have been distributed thousands of 
copies of station bulletins, while the direct 
contract between University men and the 
practical stay-at-home farmers has resulted 
in untold benefits and has scattered the 
seed of knowledge and encouragement 
broadcast all over the state. The establish- 
ment of hundreds of corn clubs and other 
rural life organizations is directly trace- 
able to the forces set in motion by Mr. 
Christie's Extension Department. 

When war was declared by the United 
States in April, 1917, Indiana's war gov- 
ernor, James P. Goodrich, recognizing the 
Extension Department as a great factor in 
food production, appointed its superintend- 
ent state food director, ilr. Christie's ef- 
forts in this capacity resulted in Indiana 
increasing her corn acreage 10 per cent ; 
the wheat acreage 25 per cent; doubling 
tlie number of back yard gardens; pork 
production was greatly increased and in a 
drive for 10,000 silos in 1918, Indiana went 
"over the top." Not a request came from 
Washington for the increased production 
of food that was not more than met. These 
results in Indiana attracted Secretary 
Houston's attention, and when he decided 
to place a man in charge of the farm labor 
work, one of the most difficult problems 
confronting the nation, he selected Mr. 
Christie. He also had charge of the work 
of distributing funds provided by the 
President for farmers in drouth-stricken 
areas of Montana, North Dakota and Wash- 
ington. That he was equal to this ta.sk has 



been demonstrated by the fact that Presi- 
dent Wilson placed upon him still larger 
respon.sibilities by appointing him assistant 
secretary October 1, 1918. 

In this capacity he is playing an impor- 
tant part in the nation's reconstruction ac- 
tivities. To him was assigned the task of 
preparing the food production program 
of the United States for 1919. This pro- 
gram has recently been published and is 
considered one of the most complete and 
lielpful ever given to American farmers. 
At the request of Secretar.y of Agriculture 
Houston, Mr. Christie has undertaken the 
re-organization of the office of farm man- 
agement of the Department of Agriculture, 
with the assistance of leading agricultural 
economists and farm management men of 
a number of state colleges. A program 
of work has been outlined, projects agi'ced 
upon and the work established. Assist- 
ance has also been given to the States Re- 
lations Service in the better organization of 
the extension forces of the country. 

Mr. Christie has served as secretary of 
the Indiana Corn Growers' Association 
since 1906 ; secretary of Indiana Commis- 
sion for the National Corn Exposition; 
advisory member of the Indiana Vocational 
Education Commission, 1911-1912; direc- 
tor of the National Corn Association ; su- 
perintendent of Indiana Agricultural Ex- 
hibit, Panama Pacific Exposition ; chair- 
man of the Agricultural Committee Indi- 
ana Centennial Celebration, 1916 ; member 
of the National Country Life Association ; 
member of the National War Labor Poli- 
cies Board ; director of Purdue University 
Summer School for Teachers, 1912-1917; 
and is an associate member of the Cosmos 
Club, Washington, D. C, and member of 
Rotary Club, Lafayette, Indiana. 

He is the author of the following publi- 
cations: LT. S. Department of Agriculture 
Bulletin 255, "Educational Contests in Ag- 
riculture and Home Economics;" Agri- 
cultural Extension Bulletin No. 1.5, "An 
Act Providing for Ao-rieultural Extension 
in Indiana;" pamphlet, "Education for 
Country Life;" pamphlet, "The New Ag- 
riculture:" pamphlet, "Agricultural Ex- 
tension Work;" booklet, "Indiana Agri- 
culture," for Indiana Exhibit, Panama 
Pacific Exposition; United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture publication, "Sup- 
jjlying the Farm Labor Need;" United 
States Department of Agriculture publica- 



1256 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



tion, "Farm Labor." He is joint author 
of Purdue University, Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station Circular No. 18, "Corn 
Shows and Selecting, Preparing and Scor- 
ing Exhibits;" Agricultural Extension 
Leaflet No. 23, "Examine the Condition 
of your Seed Corn." 

June 27, 1906, Mr. Christie married 
Ethel ilaria Carpenter, of Des Moines, 
Iowa, daughter of Truman and Ermina 
(Moore) Carpenter. They have one daugh- 
ter, Ermina Margaret Christie, born Au- 
gust 10, 1908. 

Martha V. Thomas, M. D. Among In- 
diana women who have gained distinction 
in the professional field, a long and active 
service as a physician is placed to the cred- 
it of Dr. Martha V. Thomas at South Bend. 
She has spent most of her life in Indiana, 
but was born at Granville, Morrow County, 
Ohio. 

Her family contained numerous men and 
women of the highest worth and character. 
Her grandfather, Rev. John Thomas, a 
native of Wales, came to America in early 
manhood, locating at Granville, Ohio, and 
for many years was pastor of the Baptist 
Church in that eommunitj^, living there 
until his death. His wife, Leanna Davis, 
also of Wales, came to America with her 
parents who settled in Indiana County, 
Pennsylvania. 

Rev. Zachariah Thomas, father of Doc- 
tor Thomas, was also bom at Granville, 
where he received his early education. He 
graduated in theology from Dennison Col- 
lege, Granville, Ohio, and not long after- 
wards succeeded his father as pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Chesterville. In 1865 he 
removed to Albion, Indiana, where he was 
busied with his congenial and fruitful 
labors as pastor of the Baptist Church until 
his death at the age of sixty-eight. 

Doctor Thomas' maternal ancestry goes 
back to William and Charity (Dye) Bruce, 
natives of Scotland who became colonial 
settlers in Prince William County, Vir- 
ginia, where their son Joel was born and 
spent his life as a slaveowning planter. 
Joel, the great-grandfather of Doctor 
Thomas, was a Revolutionary soldier. His 
wife was Nancy Dowling. Elijah Bruce, 
their son, had a similar position as a "Vir- 
ginia gentleman and planter. He married 
Melinda Browning, a native of Rappahan- 
nock County. Her father, John Browning, 



a native of the same locality, served on the 
staff of General Washington, afterwards 
was a planter, and married Elizabeth 
Strother. 

The mother of Doctor Thomas was Eliz- 
abeth Bruce, a daughter of Elijah and Me- 
linda (Browning) Bruce. She survived 
her husband and spent her last years at 
South Bend, where she died at the age of 
eighty-one. Her six children were named 
Melinda, Jennie, Bruce, Mary, Lucy and 
Martha V. 

Doctor Thomas received her early educa- 
tion in the schools of Albion and also grad- 
uated from Shephardson College for 
Women. For several years she gave most 
of her time to the care of her invalid 
father. Her preliminary medical studies 
were pursued for one year under the direc- 
tion of Doctor Reiff of Albion. She then 
entered Hahnemann ]\Iedical College, from 
which she gi-aduated in 1896. The same 
year she began practice at South Bend, 
and for many years has shared in the best 
honors paid the medical fraternity. She is 
a member of the Indiana State Institute 
of Homeopathy, Illinois State Homeopathic 
Association, and American Institute of 
Homeopathy. She is a member of the Bap- 
tist Church. 

George Wyman. The character of tre- 
mendous enterprise and M'holesouled gen- 
erosity and pviblic spirit which has dis- 
tinguished so man.y successful Americans 
was thoroughly shared by the late George 
Wyman of South Bend. He was for fifty 
years a merchant building up and direct- 
ing a magnificent place of trade. That was 
his life work, yet with equal seriousness 
he gave his time and means, especially 
in later years, to many noble charities that 
are destined to stand as permanent memor- 
\ah to the name. 

Of New England and Yankee ancestry, 
he was born at Painesville, Ohio, January 
27, 1839, son of Guy and Rebecca (King) 
Wyman. the former a native of Vei'mont 
and the latter of Connecticut. On leaving 
public school at the age of fourteen George 
Wyman spent one year as clerk for a 
Painesville merchant, and made such good 
progress that he was then assigned to the 
responsibilities of managing a small store 
in the same section of Ohio. By the time 
he was twenty-one years old he had ac- 
quired a thoroughly practical knowledge of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1257 



merchandising, and had also supplemented 
his early education by a course in a Mil- 
waukee business college. 

On leaving Painesville he came to South 
Bend in 1860. In August of that year he 
opened a small hut well selected stock of 
dry goods on North Michigan Street. In 
January, 1865, he formed the firm of 
George Wyman & Company. For eighteen 
years he and Capt. G. E. Rose were busi- 
ness partners and associates. In the mean- 
time the business had grown, necessitating 
two changes of locations, and after 1883 
several building additions were made to 
furnish space for the expanding activities 
of the firm, so that Mr. Wyman came into 
the present century at the head of one of 
the largest merchandise stores in Northern 
Indiana. 

Mr. Wyman hardly relaxed any of the 
vigilance and energy that had made him 
supreme in mercantile affairs until his 
death, which occurred in 1913. At that 
time he was mourned not merely as a 
business man, but as one of the citizens 
who had been constructive in South Bend 's 
progress towai'd the realization of the 
broader and better ideals of community 
life. The one institution that more than 
any other stands as a monument to his 
generosity is the Young Women 's Christian 
Association Building, which he and his 
wife built and equipped in 1906. In the 
daj'S of his prosperity he did not forget 
his native town, and presented the Paines- 
ville Young Men's Christian Association 
with a well equipped gymnasium. The last 
months of his life he was planning and 
working out the details of a plan whereby 
he intended to effect the distribution of 
a sum approximating $150,000 among his 
faithful employes, friends and charitable 
institutions. Mrs. Wyman had shared his 
confidence in these plans, and when death 
laid its hand upon him she gave practical 
effect to his wislies. As a result, besides a 
number of individuals, several South Bend 
institutions found their possibilities for 
usefulness greatly extended through the he- 
quests of Mr. Wyman, including the Ep- 
worth Hospital, the St. Joseph Hospital, 
the Orphans Home and the United Chari- 
ties. 

Mr. Wyman 's first wife was Lizzie Rose, 
who died in 1880. The wife of his second 
marriage, who survives her honored hus- 
band and continues his influence, was be- 



fore her marriage, Clara Lovett. She was 
born at Charlottesville, New York, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Noble and Marion (Peck) Lov- 
ett. Her father was for many years a 
faithful laborer in the New York Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

John A. Swyg.vbt. The Swygart fam- 
ily had been a prominent one in South 
Bend for over sixty years. While the ca- 
reer of John A. Swygart is and has been 
connected with the city in many important 
ways, including his present ofiScial service 
as city comptroller, the record of which 
he is most proud was his long and efficient 
employment /in the various operating 
branches of railroading. He was in his 
time connected with several of the larger 
railroad systems of the Middle West and 
South, and on returning to South Bend 
to make it his permanent home resigned his 
position as general superintendent of a 
road in Louisiana. 

Mr. Swygart was born on Euclid Aven- 
ue in Cleveland, Ohio, February 23, 1855. 
His great-grandfather was a Virginia plant- 
er and slave owner, but later moved from 
Virginia to Pennsylvania and bought a 
home near Reading, where he spent his last 
years. Mr. Swygart "s grandfather was 
Benjamin Swygart, probably a native of 
Virginia. One of his seven sons was the 
late George W. Swygart, who was the 
founder of tlie family at South Bend. 

George W. Swygart was born near Read- 
ing, Pennsylvania, and as a boy served a 
seven years apprenticeship at the trade of 
stone, brick and plaster mason. He then 
worked as a journeyman and in 1848 re- 
moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where he en- 
gaged in business as a contractor and build- 
er. In 1857 he made a prospecting visit to 
Illinois, and while in Chicago was awarded 
a contract to erect a building. The owner 
asked him to take as part of his payment 
five acres of land now included in the "loop 
district." George W. Swygart, though in 
later years regarded as one of the most 
competent judges of real estate, preferred 
the money in hand to the doubtful value of 
Chicago real estate. He did not remain 
long in Chicago, and on again coming west 
in 1858 .settled at South Bend. Here he 
engaged in a successful business as a con- 
tractor and builder, and put up many of 
the structures still standing in the city." He 
had an abiding faith in the future of South 



1258 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Bend, and practiced his faith by liberal in- 
vestment in local real estate. He bought 
sixty acres of land south of Sample Street, 
later owned by the Studebaker Manufactur- 
ing Company. On West Washington Street 
he erected what was at that time regarded 
as the finest private residence in the city. 
He also bought and improved the site now 
occupied by the Oliver Hotel, and at his 
death he left a large estate, represented by 
many holdings in and around the city. He 
died at South Bend at the age of seventy- 
nine. He was a republican, and an active 
Presbyterian and erected one of the early 
Presbyterian Churches in South Bend. 
George W. Swygart married Carolina M. 
Moyer, who was born and reared in Penn- 
sylvania and died at the age of seventy- 
four. Her father, John Moyer, was a na- 
tive of Berlin, Germany. Her grandfather 
served for some years as an officer in the 
German army. He was a man of liberal 
mind and temper, and after leaving the 
army he had some differences with his asso- 
ciates over political affairs and he sought 
a home in free America, locating near 
Reading, Pennsylvania. His liberal means 
were invested in biisiness there and he was 
a pioneer in the iron industry of Pennsjd- 
vania. His son, John Moyer, continued 
this business after his father's death, but 
finally moved to Lee County, Illinois, and 
bought a large tract of land near Dixon, 
where he gave his time to the breeding 
and raising of fine horses and cattle. He 
died there at the age of eighty-six. Mr. and 
Mrs. George W. Swygart had eight chil- 
dren, named William, Clementina, John A., 
George, Ella, Edward, Lillie and Eva. 

John A. Swygart was about two years 
old when his parents came to South Bend. 
He had only a common school education 
and when about fourteen entered railroad- 
ing, having served a six months' appren- 
ticeship at telegraphy in the offices of the 
Lake Shore Company. After a brief ex- 
perience as an operator he became a brake- 
man and then conductor on the Wabash. 
Leaving the ^liddle West, Mr. Swygart 
went to Texas and joined the International 
and Great Northern Railway, at first as 
a yard engineer, then in the machine shops 
as shop foreman, as traveling road en- 
gineer and finally was put in charge of all 
the trains and engine men during the con- 
struction of a branch of the road to Aus- 
tin, Texas. 



On leaving the International and Great 
Northern Jlr. Swygart gratified his desire 
to see more of the world. He visited Vera 
Cruz and Jlexico City, Bluefields in Cen- 
tral America, and also sailed over the 
waters of the Gulf to Havana and various 
points in the West Indies. After seven 
months of travel and recreation he re- 
turned north and became an engineer with 
the Wabash Railroad Company. This was 
the beginning of eighteen years of con- 
tinuous service with the Wabash, and for 
twelve years he was engineer on the Royal 
Blue Limited out of St. Louis. Later he 
became road foreman in charge of the en- 
gineers and firemen, for three years was 
trainmaster, and in 1898 he became super- 
intendent of the Iron Mountain and 
Southern Railway. In 1902 he resigned to 
accept the position of vice president and 
general manager of the Louisiana Rail- 
waj' and Navigation Company, with head- 
quarters at Shreveport, Louisiana. 

I\Ir. Swygart finally gave up railroad- 
ing, a work in which his talents had such a 
congenial sphere, in order to return to 
South Bend and perform his duties as exe- 
cutor of his father's estate. Railroading 
still exercised a strong fascination over 
him, and in 1909 he became superintend- 
ent of the Minneapolis and St. Louis Rail- 
way, with headquarters at Watertown, 
South Dakota, but after a year returned 
to South Bend and has since devoted his 
time to his private affairs. He was ap- 
pointed city comptroller in 1918. 

In 1887 Mr. Swygart married Miss 
Martha J. Hollyman, who was born at 
Hannibal, ^Missouri, daughter of John and 
Emma (Bird) Hollyman, natives of Ken- 
tucky. Mr. and Mrs. Swygart have one 
daughter, named Jlildred. The family are 
members of the Presbyterian Church. He 
is affiliated with South Bend Lodge No. 
29-4, Free and Accepted ]\Iasons, the Coun- 
cil No. 82, Royal and Select :\Iasters, Chap- 
ter No. 29, Royal Arch Masons, Command- 
ery No. 13, Knights Templars, and he is 
also a member of the social organization 
known as the Knife and Fork Club. 

Edwin E. Thompson. When in 1918 
the democratic party of Marion County 
chose as their nominee for the office of re- 
corder Edwin E. Thompson there were a 
immber of qualifications coiLspicuoiis in 
tlie choice aside from those of ordinary po- 



INDIANA AND INDIAXANS 



1259 



litioal value. For one thing Mr. Thomp- 
son is a thoroughly trained lawyer, but 
even more important, as relates to the 
office for whieh he became a candidate, 
is a real estate man of wide and thorough 
experience and his knowledge of land and 
property values in Marion County would 
of itself prove his fitness for these official 
responsibilities. 

Mr. Thompson is a man of interesting 
experience and attainments. He was born 
February 22, 1878, in Smith's Valley in 
Johnson County, Indiana. His paternal 
grandfather, a native of Virginia, came 
west about 1820 and was a pioneer in Mor- 
gan County, Indiana, where he cleared up 
land and followed the vocation of farm- 
ing during his active life, and when the 
work of the week was done he spent most 
of his Sundays and other days besides in 
spreading the Gospel as a local preacher 
of the Methodist faith. He died about the 
time of the Civil war. 

Among his six children was James M. 
Thompson, who was born in 1847 at Cope 
in Morgan County. His early education 
was obtained in schools that bore little re- 
semblance to the modern public schools of 
Indiana. Only a month or two every win- 
ter he attended a session of school held in 
a log cabin, with wooden slab benches for 
scats, and with all the simple parapher- 
nalia and equipment of such schools. He 
became a farmer, was a hard worker in 
that occupation, and about 1885 engaged 
in the general store business, which he con- 
tinued until 1908, when failing health com- 
pelled him to desist. He was a lifelong 
democrat, and held the offices of justice of 
the peace and other minor township offices. 
He was also a devout member of the ]\Ietho- 
dist Church. When about twenty-tive 
years of age he moved from Morgan Coun- 
ty to Johnson County, living in Smith's 
^'alley until 1891, and then moved to 
(ilenn's Valley in ]\Iarion County, where 
he had his home until his death February 
16, 1913. James M. Thompson married 
Lovina Teet, who, with her three children, 
is still living. The oldest child, Emma 
Lee, is the wife of Harry E. Fendley of 
Indianapolis. Jlrs. Fendley was born Sep- 
tember 15. 1875. The second child is Ed- 
win Elbert, and the youngest is Earl Henry 
Thompson. 

Edwin E. Thompson was educated in 
the common schools of Johnson and Mar- 



ion counties, graduating from the Glenn's 
Valley common schools in 1893, from the 
Southport High School in 1896, and re- 
ceived his A. B. degree from Butler Col- 
lege with the class of 1900. He then en- 
tered the University of Chicago, where 
after nine months of residence he was given 
the degree of Ph. B. in 1901, and continu- 
ing post-graduate work received the de- 
gree Master of Philo.sophy in 1902. Be- 
sides these evidences of a liberal educa- 
tion Mr. Thompson graduated in law with 
the degi-ee LL. B. from the Indianapolis 
College of Law in 1907. 

In the meantime he wa.s a successful 
teacher and in.structor of science in high 
schools five years. He entered the real 
estate business and studied law while in 
that line, and since his admis.sion to prac- 
tice has combined those two vocations very 
.successfully. As a lawyer he has been 
employed in a number of important civil 
cases. One that attracted much attention 
was the matter of the heirs of the Lovina 
Streight estate, for whom he acted as at- 
torney. Lovina Streight was the widow 
of Col. A. D. Streight. Mr. Thompson 
was appointed by the court to sell the 
Streight homestead on East Washington 
Street. 

ilr. Thompson since early manhood has 
been interested in democratic successes, 
and he was one of the local democrats of 
Indianapolis who brought about the pur- 
chase of the Indiana Democratic Club 
home. He was on the board of directors 
of this club for several years. He is also 
a member of the Indianapolis Chamber of 
Commerce, the Hoosier Motor Club, is a 
Mason, and i.s a member and past master 
of Southport Lodge No. 270, Ancient Free 
and Accepted ilasons, and is affiliated with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
at Smith's Valley. As a real estate man 
Mr. Thomp.son platted and sold the Lone- 
acre Addition to Indianapolis, other ad- 
joining tracts, and in that part of the city 
he has Iniilt and sold sixty homes. 

June 25, 1913, at Spring Green, Wis- 
consin, Mr. Thompson married Miss Ethel 
Jane Hickcox. ]\Irs. Thomp.son is herself 
a thoroughly capable business woman. Her 
mother, Mary Parr Hickcox, traced her 
descent back to the same family which pro- 
duced the famous Ann Parr," one of the 
wives of King Henry VIII. of England. 
^Irs. Thompson was educated in the public 



1260 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



schools of Wisconsin, and befoi-e her mar- 
riage was head of the office force and office 
manager for the Hart-Parr Company of 
Charles City, Iowa, this company being 
the pioneers in tractor manufacturing in 
America. 

Rev. Myron W. Reed was bom at Brook- 
field, Vermont, July 24, 1836. After at- 
tending the common schools, he continued 
his education at St. Lawrence Academy, at 
Potsdam, New York, until he rebelled 
against parental authoi-ity and started out 
for himself to encounter hardship and pri- 
vation that were finally overcome by his 
indomitable will. His first employment, 
taken almost in desperation, was on a fish- 
ing vessel on the Newfoundland banks; 
next as canvassing agent for the Republi- 
can Central Committee of New York ; then 
as reporter on the Buffalo Express. 

Drifting west, he had experience as a 
school teacher, a farm laborer, a law stu- 
dent, a theological student, and a preacher. 
At the outbreak of the Civil war he en- 
listed in the Eighteenth Michigan Regi- 
ment as chaplain, but two months later re- 
signed this position to become captain of 
one of the companies. He served through 
the war, and when mustered out was chief 
of scouts under General Thomas. He then 
turned again to the ministry, and gradu- 
ated from the Chicago School of Theologj' 
in 1868. 

His first charge was at a small town in 
Michigan; then four years at a non-secta- 
rian church in New Orleans; then four 
years at the Olivet Congi-egational Church 
of Milwaukee; then from October 4, 1877, 
to April 1, 1884, at the First Presbyterian 
Church at Indianapolis, whre he left a 
lasting impress on the city and the state. 
He resigned to go to the First Congrega- 
tional Church of Denver, where he served 
for eleven years, resigning on account of 
differences with his board on social and 
economic questions. His friends and ad- 
mirers then established the Broadway 
Temple for him, and until his death, on 
January 30, 1899, he made it the most 
popular church in Denver. 

Leaving Indiana a republican, he was 
nominated for Congress by the democrats 
of the Denver district in 1886, and al- 
though the district was overwhelmingly re- 
publican, was defeated by only 803 votes. 
In 1892 he was tendered the congressional 



nomination by the people's party, but de- 
clined in favor of Lafe Pence, an Indiana 
man, who was triumphantly elected. His 
resolute stand for human rights, in all 
matters made him the most loved man in 
Colorado. It was estimated that 10,000 
people came to the city for his funeral, 
which was conducted bj' the ministers 
of the Methodist and Congregational 
churches, a Jewish rabbi, and a Catholic 
priest. 

While at New Orleans, ^Mr. Reed mar- 
ried Louise Lyon, a young lady who had 
gone south to teach negroes. She survived 
him, with two sons, Paul L., an engineer, 
and Ralph W., a lawyer, and a daughter, 
Mi-s. Leslie 0. Carter, of Indianapolis. A 
volume of his Denver sermons was pub- 
lished at Indianapolis in 1898, under the 
title "Temple Talks." A memorial sketch 
was published after his death by Wm. P. 
Fishback, an Indianapolis friend, with 
whom and James Whitcomb Riley ilr. 
Reed had made a trip to Europe. 

Samuel W. Baer, il. D. A physician 
and surgeon whose work has attracted fav- 
orable attention for a number of years at 
South Bend, Dr. Samuel W. Baer, a na- 
tive Indianan, was a successful educator 
for a number of years before he took up 
the profession of medicine. 

Doctor Baer was born on a farm near 
Columbia City, Indiana, a son of Andrew 
and Lydia (Doll) Baer and grandson of 
David Baer. His father spent all his life 
in an agricultural atmosphere and finally 
bought a farm near Columbia City in 
Whitley County, where he was busily en- 
gaged until his death, when about fort.v- 
five years of age. His wife, Lydia Doll, 
■was born near Canton, Ohio, and after the 
death of her husband she returned to that 
state and spent her last days there. 

Doctor Baer was one of a family of nine 
children. He was quite young when his 
father died, and he then went to live with 
an uncle, Moses Baer, in Harrison Town- 
ship of Elkhart County. There he re- 
ceived his early advantages in the district 
schools. He was nineteen when he taught 
his first term of school, and it was by 
teaching and attending school alternately 
that he completed his higher academic edu- 
cation and laid the basis for his profes- 
sional career. In 1893 he received the Ph. 
B. degree from DePauw University at 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1261 



Greencastle, aud in 1S9S the same institu- 
tion awarded him the degree Master of 
Arts. For three years he was instructor 
in German at DePauw University. His 
longest worli as an educator was done at 
Nappauce, where for ten years he was 
superintendent of schools. Even while 
there he gave much of his time to the 
study of medicine and then entered the 
medical department of the University of 
Illinois, where he completed two years of 
his medical course, followed by one term 
at Rush i\Iedical College, Chicago, and in 
1906 took the degree of JM. D. from Illinois 
Jledical College, Chicago, Illinois. The 
following year he spent in practice at 
Nappanee, but in 1907 moved to South 
Bend, where he has enjoyed a large clien- 
tage. He is a member of the St. Joseph 
County, the Tri-State and the Indiana 
State Medical societies and the American 
Medical Association. Doctor Baer has cul- 
tivated fraternal connections and is a 
member of Lodge No. 294, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Crusade Lodge No. 14, 
Knights of Pythias, Putnam Lodge No. 
445, Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
at Greencastle, Indiana, and is also a mem- 
ber of the Woodmen of the AVorld and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

In 1883 Doctor Baer married Naomi 
Culp. She was born in Harrison Town- 
ship of Elkhart County, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Wisler) Culp, natives of Ohio 
and among the early settlers of Elkhart 
County. Doctor and Mrs. Baer have two 
daughters, Grace and Hilda. The former 
was married to F. A. Boulton, who is a 
graduate of Wabash College, Crawfords- 
ville IndiauR. He is now associated with 
the Timpkin Detroit Axle Company. The 
latter was married to Henry ^Maust, of 
Nappanee, Indiana. Mr. Maust is a suc- 
cessful commercial artist. He is chief ar- 
tist with the Crafton Studio, Chicago, 
Illinois. 

Clement Smogob is one of the most 
active young business men of South Bend, 
a lumber merchant, has built up a large 
organization for supplying the demands 
of his trade, and has also identified him- 
self with many of the movements and 
undertakings intimate to the city's prog- 
ress and welfare. 

^Ir. Smogor has spent most of his life in 
South Bend but was born in Poland. His 



father, Anthony Smogor, after attending 
the schools of Poland served an apprentice- 
ship to the blacksmith's trade and in 1881 
came to America in search of better op- 
portunities for himself and family. For 
ten months he worked at farm labor near 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, and then came 
to South Bend where his wife and children 
joined him. For a number of years he 
was employed as a machinist by the JNIillen 
Portland Cement Company, later for a 
time was in the construction department 
of the Northern Indiana Interurban Rail- 
way, and eventually engaged in the retail 
coal business, which he contiinied until his 
death when about seventy years of age. 
He married Mary ]Myszka, a native of 
Poland and now living at South Bend. Her 
father, Michael ]Myszka, spent his last years 
in South Bend. Anthony Smogor and wife 
had six children: Casimier T., Frank A., 
Clement S., Vincent, John and Pearl. The 
last named is the wife of Dr. Peter ^Slakiel- 
ski. 

Clement Smogor attended the parochial 
schools of South Bend, spent three years in 
the preparatory course at Notre Dame Uni- 
versity and later had a commercial and 
business course. For a time he was a 
teacher in the parochial schools, but en- 
tered the lumber business as an employe 
of Dresden & Stanfield. In 1910 he suc- 
ceeded to this business, and has since had 
the satisfaction of seeing it grow and pros- 
per as one of the leading concerns of its 
kind at South Bend. 

Mr. Smogor is a republican in politics 
and has served as a member of the city 
executive committee and was on the board 
of public safety during Mayor Keller's ad- 
ministration. He was vice president of the 
Indiana Delegation to the Polish National 
Convention held at Detroit, Michigan. He 
is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, 
the Knife and Fork Club, is a Knight of 
Columbus, and is affiliated with South 
Bend Lodge Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. 

In August, 1899, Mr. Smogor married 
Mary Rafinski. She was born at Haver- 
straw, New York, daughter of Mr. and 
~Slrs. Francis Rafinski, both natives of 
Poland. The four children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Smogor are Eugene, Gertrude, Louis 
and Jeanette. Mr. and Mrs. Smogor are 
members of St. Hedwig Catholic Church. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Col. Eli P. Rittee was for over forty 
years a prominent Indiana lawyer, served 
as a soldier and officer in the Union army, 
and played an effective and forceful part 
in civic affairs, though mainly restricted to 
limited fields, particularly the advocacy 
of temperance. He might be properly 
pamed among the pioneers of that move- 
ment which eventually brought Indiana in- 
to the group of prohibition states. 

He was born on a farm in Guilford 
Township of Hendricks County, Indiana, 
June 18, 1838, son of James and Rachel 
(Jessup) Ritter. His parents were both 
born in North Carolina and were Friends 
or Quakers in religion and helped make up 
that large and influential colony of Friends 
who left North Carolina in the early half 
of the nineteenth century and settled so 
numerously in Indiana. James Ritter died 
in 1859 and his wife in 1874. He was a 
■whig in politics and later a republican. 

The late Colonel Ritter was the youngest 
sou in a family of seven children. He at- 
tended the common schools of Hendricks 
County and entered Asbury College, now 
DePauw University, at Greencastle as 
member of the class of 1863. He left col- 
lege to enlist April 14, 1861, as a private 
in Company K of the Sixteenth Indiana 
Infantr.v. He was in practically continu- 
ous service until getting his honorable dis- 
charge June 6, 1865, more than four years 
later. He was transferred to the Seventy- 
Ninth Indiana Infantry, and most of his 
service was with the Army of the Cumber- 
land. He participated in three great cam- 
paigns, one in Tennessee which culminated 
in the battle of Stone River, that in East- 
ern Tennessee and Northern Georgia 
marked by the historic conflicts of Chicka- 
mauga. Missionary Ridge, Rocky Face 
Ridge, Resaca, New Hope Church, Kene- 
saw Mountain, the siege and battle of At- 
lanta and Love.ioy Station, and finally in 
the pursuit of Hood's army back through 
Tennessee, concluding with the battles of 
Franklin and Nashville. He served as ad- 
jutant in his regiment and later rose to the 
rank of captain. His title of colonel was 
di;e to three years of service as colonel of 
the First Regiment of the Indiana National 
Guard. He was appointed by Governor 
Porter upon the organization of the Na- 
tional Guard in 1883. He was also a mem- 
ber of George H. Thomas Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic. From 1903 to 1909 



he served as a member of the board of 
trustees of the Indiana Soldiers Home. 

After the war DePauw University 
granted him a diploma as a member of the 
class of 1865. He also took up the study 
of law and was admitted to the bar in the 
spring of 1866, and soon afterward located 
at Indianapolis, where for over forty years 
he commanded a large and important prac- 
tice in both the State and Federal courts. 
He was especially able as a trial lawyer. 
He was author of "Moral Law and Civil 
Law, Parts of the Same Thing," a book 
in which he argued the thesis that social 
morality is the fundamental principle of 
the common law and of all statute law. 
Fully fifty years ago, early in his career 
as a lawyer. Colonel Ritter allied himself 
with the temperance forces and never lost 
an opportunity to put a check on the licjuor 
traffic, and was connected as an attorney 
with many trials in the lower and higher 
courts to enforce all the regulatory laws 
afl-'ecting that subject in Indiana. 

Politically Colonel Ritter was an inde- 
pendent republican. He and his wife were 
members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. July 15, 1866, he married Miss 
Narcie Loekwood. She was born at Paris, 
Kentucky, daughter of Benjamin and Re- 
becca (Smith) Loekwood, who spent their 
last years with their daughter in Indianap- 
olis. The children of Colonel Ritter and 
wife were : Halsted L., who has followed 
the same profession as his father ; Herman 
B., who died at the age of twenty-one; 
Roseoe H., a physician ; Mary B., who 
married Charles A. Beard, former profes- 
sor of Columbia University at New York 
and regarded as one of the foremost leaders 
of progressive opinion in America ; Dwight 
S., now city purchasing agent of Indianap- 
olis ; and Ruth, wife of Edgar V. 'Daniel. 

Dwight S. Ritter. Though the process 
has been a slow one, and only accelerated 
by the necessities imposed through years 
of extraordinary public and private econ- 
omy resulting from the war, there is an 
increasing tendency for the administi'ators 
of public business to adapt and adopt the 
methods which have proved efficient in 
private industrialism. Never again prob- 
ably will public waste and extravagance 
be regarded with cynical indifference and 
as a matter of no particular consequence. 
An encouraging example of this new spirit 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1263 



ill municipal administration has recently 
been aflforded by a report from the city 
purchasing agent of Indianapolis, Dwight 
S. Ritter. 

Mr. Ritter is an Indianapolis man by 
birth, though he obtained his chief busi- 
ness experience elsewhere. Since he left 
college his specific work has been the hand- 
ling and buying of large quantities of 
materials for big industries imder private 
ownership. The work of a "purchasing 
agent is in fact a great profession, requir- 
ing almost as much detailed knowledge as 
a railway tariff expert, and furthermore 
a tact and a promptness of decision that 
are pre-eminent qualities in the business 
executive. 

It was solel.v on the basis of his previous 
experience and demonstrated fitness that 
Mayor Jewett sought the services of Mr. 
Ritter for the position of city purchasing 
agent in January, 1918. The new office 
and honors came to him as an office seek- 
ing the man rather than the man the office, 
and political considerations figured hardly 
at all in the choice. 

Thus ]\Ir. Ritter took up his duties at 
the beginning of the year 1918, and has 
been busy ever since building and making 
this, the most important department of the 
city government, one of thu most efficient, 
best organized and most economical organ- 
izations of its kind among America's muni- 
cipalities. Through the city purchasing 
agent all the supplies for every depart- 
ment of Indianapolis are purchased. Un- 
derstanding how much of a metropolis In- 
dianapolis is, how many institutions it has, 
how many departments of public adminis- 
tration, including public works, parks, hos- 
pitals, sewer and paving and engineering 
activities, public buildings and accounting 
and clerical divisions, it is readily seen 
that tlie vohune of business transacted by 
the purchasing agent not only involves sev- 
eral hundred thousand dollars annually, 
lint includes an astounding magnitude and 
variety of materials and commodities. Pre- 
(|uently a city administration committed 
to a program of economy has sought to 
restrict re(|uisitions for materials, with a 
result too often of handicapping and im- 
peding work that must be done and secur- 
ing economv at the expense of efficiency. A 
nearer approach to the desired ends is 
found in concentrating responsibility for 
purchases under one head, thus gaining the 



economy that results from doing business 
at wholesale rather than by loose and un- 
systematized buying. 

What Indianapolis has gained through 
Mr. Ritter 's administration of the city pur- 
chasing agent's office is well set forth in 
an editorial that appeared in The Indianap- 
olis Star commenting upon his first report 
for the semi-annual period from January 
to July, 1918. An important feature of 
the report, emphasized in the editorial, 
was the fact that the cost of the depart- 
ment was less than two per cent on the 
total volume of business it handled for the 
city. The most important economy fur- 
thermore was reducing the number of 
emergency orders, which in the previous 
year had amounted to sixty-six per cent of 
the total supplies, whereas in the first re- 
port of Mr. Ritter they were reduced to 
only fourteen per cent. Other large sav- 
ings were made by checking and rearrang- 
ing the city's telephone service and by 
lu'ompt discounting of the city's bills. A 
summary of the benefits derived from Mr. 
Ritter 's administration is contained in the 
following quotation from the editorial just 
mentioned : 

■'Anyone familiar with business methods, 
particularly the public's business, will 
recognize what opportunities for economy 
ai'e presented to a well conducted purchas- 
ing department. When the cost of that 
agency is less than two per cent of the 
purchases the saving through efficiency 
and intelligent supervision is bound to be 
important. The agency has systematized 
the city's purchasing until it now buys 
all materials for all city departments, hav- 
ing included such accounts as telephones, 
electric lights, gas, contract steam heat- 
ing, insurance, repairs to buildings and 
some other items that were not formerly 
handled by the purchasing agent. 

"A further improvement in the sj'stem 
has been made by which a daily record of 
each fund is kept and thus avoiding over- 
running appropriations. Mr. Ritter hopes 
to work out some plan by which depart- 
mental purchases of any given article may 
lie hiniped to get l)etter prices by buying 
in (|u:i)ititics, as for example coal used in 
the various rity departments. He proposes 
to institnt(> l)nsiness system and efficiency 
wliei-ever that may be done." 

Dwight S. Ritter is an Indianapolis man, 
born in the city in 1878, a son of the late 



1264 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Col. Eli Ritter, whose interesting career 
is reviewed elsewhere. Dwight S. Ritter 
was educated in the public schools, in the 
Shortridge High School of Indianapolis, 
and graduated in 1900 from DePauw Uni- 
versity of Greencastle. For a number of 
yeai's after leaving college he was con- 
nected with a large manufacturing con- 
cern at Columbus, Ohio, and in 1913 re- 
turned to Indianapolis and took the posi- 
tion of purchasing agent for the Nordyke 
& Marmon Company, one of the largest 
automobile factories in the country. It 
was with that corporation he demonstrated 
the efficiency and knowledge and skill in 
purchasing materials which were recog- 
nized when Mayor Jewett sought his serv- 
ices for the office of city purchasing agent. 
Mr. Ritter married Miss Edna Taylor, 
and they have two children, Gordon T.' and 
Wayjie L. Ritter. 

George Robert Wilson. Some of the 
worthiest services and experiences of life 
have been credited to George Robert Wil- 
son, now a resident of Jasper and India- 
napolis and a leading insurance man. By 
profession he is a surveyor and civil en- 
gineer, and for many years was county 
superintendent of schools in Dubois 
County. 

He was born at Cannelton, Indiana. 
August 15, 1863. He is the eldest son of 
Michael and Elizabeth (Chilton) Wilson. 
His parents are English, and he is the 
first of tlic family on either side born with- 
out the folds of the British flag. Michael 
Wilson, only son of Anthony and Anna 
(Pratt) Wilson, was born in Rainton Gate, 
not far from Durham, England, October 
3, 1834. He came with his father, An- 
thony, to America in 1854 from Shield's 
Harbor, England, on the good ship Jose- 
phine Hardin, and arrived at the port of 
New York August 11, 1854. From New 
York they went to Hawesville, Kentucky, 
on tiie Ohio River, opposite Cannelton, In- 
diana, and there located, removing later to 
Cannelton. Michael Wilson's wife was 
born in England October 13, 1844. daugh- 
ter of George and Margaret (Bruce) Chil- 
ton who came to America in June, 1848, 
on the ship :Mary Matthews and landed at 
Philadelphia. The family settled at Can- 
nelton, and there on November 1, 1862, 
Elizabeth Hutchinson Chilton became the 
wife of Michael Wilson. 



In 1868 the Wilson family moved from 
Perry County to Dubois County, and there 
George R. Wilson was reared and spent 
many years of his life. At eleven years 
of age he went to work in the coal mines 
near Jasper. Ambitious beyond the or- 
dinary, he devoted himself to study at such 
intervals of leisure as he could command 
during the four years he spent in the coal 
mines, and- at the age of fifteen he was 
possessed of a good English education. He 
then secured a position as teacher in Bain- 
bridge Township, in the meantime taking 
a practical course in civil engineering, un- 
der the direction of !Major Stiles, the cele- 
brated author of "Stiles' Curves and 
Tables." In all Mr. Wilson taught school 
for nine years, during the last two of which 
he was principal of the high school at 
Ireland. 

In the intervals between teaching he 
served for three years in his father's office 
as deputy surveyor of Dubois County, and 
for four years as county surveyor. His 
father and also his uncle, George Chilton, 
were civil engineers and served as sur- 
veyors of Dubois and Perry counties. 

In 1889 Mr. Wilson's eminent qualifica- 
tions as an educator were recognized by 
his appointment to the position of county 
.superintendent of schools. His work in 
this position was so thorough and striking 
in character as to have attracted attention 
in educational circles all over the state. 
Briefly referred to, his record as superin- 
tendent is summarized as follows: The re- 
organization of the school system of Du- 
bois County, comprising the introduction 
of uniform courses of study and the classi- 
fication of schools throughout the county; 
the introduction of a system of bi-monthlj- 
examinations of pupils, a system which has 
since been adopted by the state; the intro- 
duction of a uniform set of examination 
papers for pupils in all the county schools ; 
the organization of the Teachers' Reading 
Circle, of Dubois County, which for years 
stood first in the State of Indiana; the 
organization of the Young People's Read- 
ing Circle in Dubois County : the introduc- 
tion of common school commencements in 
every township in Dubois County, and the 
reduction of township institutes to a s.vs- 
tem. In addition to this creditable work 
Mr. Wilson prepared an excellent map of 
Dubois County. He also collected and ar- 
ranged the exhibit of the Dubois County 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1265 



school ohiklren at the World's Fair at Chi- 
cago, which was awarded two diplomas 
and one medal. 

Mr. Wilson did much to advance the 
educational interests of the state. He 
served on many state committees, in all 
of which he was a leading spirit. He 
served as president of the Indiana County 
Superintendents' Association, having pre- 
viously filled the offices of secretary and 
vice president of the same organization. 
He also served as chairman of the executive 
committee of the Indiana Teachers' Asso- 
ciation. Mr. Wilson was identified with 
almost every educational project in the 
state. He has the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws, but never practiced law. 

In 1903 Mr. Wilson refused a unanimous 
re-election as county superintendent, and 
associated himself with the State Life In- 
surance Company as its Indiana manager, 
which position he now holds, and is one 
of that company's best managers. Mr. 
Wilson is a graduate of the New York 
Insurance School. He helped reorganize 
the Indiana Association of Life Under- 
writers, and became its president. 

During his spare time, and as a source 
of pleasure, Mr. Wilson wrote a history 
of Dubois Count.y, now classed as one of 
the best county histories in Indiana. In 
1916, as a favor to his county, he resur- 
veyed a part of the Freeman lines, on 
the south side of the Vincennes tract in 
Dubois County, so as to mark it with 
proper historical markers. This was a part 
of Dubois County's contribution to the 
state's centennial celebration of 1916. Mr. 
Wilson was commissioned by Governor 
Ralston to make this survey. He has made 
a thorough study of pioneer trails and sur- 
veys, and has written many articles on 
that subject for historical societies and 
magazines. He is considered an authority 
on pioneer surveys in Indiana, and pre- 
pared a pamphlet on that subject for the 
Indiana Historical Society publications. 

In 1893 Mr. Wilson married Miss Caro- 
lina L. Kuebler. They have one daughter. 
Miss Roberta. Mr. Wilson has been very 
successful in all his business undertakings. 
He is public spirited, liberal, progressive 
and energetic, a gentleman of kindly and 
courteous demeanor and of great popu- 
larity throughout the state. 



Charles S. Buck has been an Indianap- 
olis business man for over a cjuarter of a 
century, and during that time an im- 
mense volume of business has been trans- 
acted through his personal agency as a real 
estate broker. He is now proprietor of the 
C. S. Buck Land Company, specializing 
in fami lands and city property, with 
offices in the Law Building. 

Mr. Buck was born in Greene County, 
Ohio, June 14, 1866, son of Charles J. and 
Julia (Campbell) Buck. His father, also 
a native of Ohio, was self educated, but 
qualified himself as a school teacher .in 
early life and served throughout the Civil 
war with an Ohio regiment, and on his 
return home engaged in the real estate 
business at Xenia. In 1879 he removed to 
Indianapolis and continued a factor in lo- 
cal real estate circles until in 1885 he re- 
turned to Xenia. He was a republican. 
In his family were five children, four 
daughters and one son. 

Charles S. Buck, the youngest of the 
family, has two sisters still living. He 
received his education in the public schools 
of Xenia, Ohio, and after coming to Indi- 
anapolis took a business college course. His 
first regular employment was as a press- 
man in the Indianapolis Journal office. 
Later he worked as a pressman for the 
Journal in the morning and the Indianap- 
olis News in the afternoon. After this ex- 
perience he returned to his old home at 
Xenia. Ohio, and owned a fnrm and was 
identified with several lines of employment. 
An accident temporarily disabled him for 
further active pursuits, and in 1901 he re- 
turned to Indianapolis and engaged in the 
real estate brokerage business. Besides 
farm lands and city property he also acts 
as a general intermediary for business op- 
portunities of all kinds, and has built up 
a large and successful business. Mr. Buck 
is a republican. On November 8, 1888, he 
married Miss Hattie Ridell, of Xenia, Ohio. 
They have one daughter, Margaret. 

Jacob Woolverton. The men who have 
won their way to success in the financial 
world have come from no one particular 
walk of life. Many of them have had their 
training in the surroundings in which they 
now find themselves; not a few have grad- 
uated from commercial, mercantile and in- 
dustrial affairs to the handling of mone- 



1266 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



tary matters as repositories of the public 
trust, while a large number have had their 
beginning in life amid the atmosphere of 
the farm. In the last-named class is found 
Jacob Woolverton, president of the Saint 
Joseph County Savings Bank and vice 
president of the Saint Joseph Loan & Trust 
Company, of South Bend. 

Mr. Woolverton belongs to a family 
which originated in England, where the^ 
Town of Woolverton is named in its honor, 
but his ancestors have resided in America 
from colonial days. His paternal grand- 
father, John Woolverton, was the owner 
of a farm just outside of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
at Bond Hill, now a part of the corpora- 
tion of Cincinnati, six miles from the court- 
house. He died there and was buried in 
the vicinity, but the gi-aveyard has since 
been built over. The father of Jacob Wool- 
verton, Charles Woolverton, came from the 
above-named farm to Indiana in 1831, and 
after stopping for a time in Decatur and 
Parke counties, moved on to the historic 
region of Chain-0 '-Lakes in Saint Joseph 
County, where he settled on a quarter sec- 
tion of land. The old homestead is now 
owned by the son, who bought out the other 
heirs and added forty acres to the prop- 
erty. During the early days cranberries 
were abundant on the low lands in the vi- 
cinity of Chain-0 '-Lakes, and the young 
pioneer marketed some of them in Cincin- 
nati. It was while on the way to the Ohio 
metropolis with a wagon-load of this fruit 
that he met Jane Lawson, who afterward 
became his wife, slie lieing the daughter of 
one of the numerous tavern-keepei's then 
operating establishments on the great state 
highway, the IMichigan Road. This tavern 
was near Greensburg, and young Woolver- 
ton stopped there for rest and refreshment 
while on his way to Cincinnati. So well 
pleased was he with his entertainment 
that he again stopped at the Lawson tav- 
ern on his return, and these two first visits 
and the acquaintance formed ripened into 
a love match that culminated in a mar- 
riage in 1840. Following their union the 
young people started housekeeping on the 
Chain-O '-Lakes Fann. which is now one 
of the most attractive places on the Lincoln 
Highway west. Five children were born 
to them, of whom three, two sons and a 
daughter, grew to maturity. The daugh- 
ter died in her young womanhood^ but the 
two sons survive: Jacob, of this notice; 



and Charles, a resident of Edwardsville, 
Illinois. Charles Woolverton, the elder, 
was not only a skilled and energetic farmer, 
but also opei-ated quite extensivelj^ in f ai-m 
lands, buying and selling, and it is possible 
that the operation of this side line had an 
amount of influence upon the elder sou, 
Jacob, whose tastes turned decidedly to 
commercial pursuits rather than to farm- 
ing. Farm life did not agree with the son, 
and as it was not congenial, he decided to 
cast his lines in other directions. His sub- 
sequent success shows that even at an early 
age he gave indications of the excellent 
judgment and foresight which have since 
characterized and moulded his life. 

Jacob Woolverton was seven years of 
age when his father died, and his mother 
subsequently remarried. As is not infre- 
quently the case, the stepfather and step- 
son did not harmonize in their relation- 
ship, and when the youth was only sixteen 
years of age he left his home to shift for 
himself. The older man freely predicted 
that he would soon return, but he under- 
estimated the youth's spirit and initiative. 
During the summer of 1861 he worked on 
the farm of James Ray, receiving a wage 
of $11 per month, and in the next summer 
on the Ashbury Libdley farm, his salary 
having been iuci-eased "to $15 per month, 
as his abilities were recognized. During 
the winter months he accepted such hon- 
orable employment as came his way, in 
this way earning his board and being able 
to attend school. The rudiments of an 
education secured in this way were sup- 
plemented by further study at the old 
Northern Indiana College at South Bend, 
which occupied the original building of 
the South Bend Chilled Plow Company's 
plant and which he attended in 1863. In 
his vacation period he spent his time in the 
office of Francis R. Tutt, deputy revenue 
collector, but before engaging actively in 
business took a course in Eastman's Com- 
mercial College at Chicago, which was then 
one of the famous in.stitutions of the West. 
After graduating there he was associated 
witli William L. Kizer, his boyhood friend, 
schoolmate and college chum, as a clerk in 
the revenue office, first imder ilr. Tutt, 
deputy collector, and subsequently under 
Colonel Norman Eddy, district revenue 
collector, whose appointment brought the 
district office from Logansport to South 
Bend. The two clerks. Kizer and Wool- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1267 



vertou, eliecked up the office at Logansport 
and superintended tlie transfer to this city. 
After leaving this office Mr. Woolvertou 
was for a time a traveling representative 
for a Cleveland oil house. However, he 
realized that he had not yet found his true 
vocation and gave that position up to take 
a clerical post with Studebaker Brothers. 
During a long period he, with William 
Mack and Clem Studebaker, did all the 
office work for this concern, he and Mr. 
Mack looking after the books and accounts 
and Mr. Studebaker attending to the cor- 
respondence. The company's office was in 
a small frame building on South Michigan 
Street, opposite the present site of the 
Auditorium. When he left this office Mr. 
Woolvertou drifted into the real estate 
business with his former fellow-clerk, Mr. 
Kizer. It happened that Andrew Ander- 
son was at that time operating the abstracts 
of title now owned by W. A. Bugbee. He 
offered Mr. Woolverton an opportunity 
to conduct the real estate end of his ab- 
stract business, but Mr. Woolverton was 
drawing $75 per month at the Studebaker 
office and thought that it was too good a 
thing to give up for an uncertainty. He 
suggested to Mr. Klizer, who was traveling 
for the Aetna Life Insurance Company 
and was not enamored of his position, that 
he take the place in the Anderson office 
and that if the business showed itself profit- 
able he would leave Studebaker 's and go 
in with him. This resulted in Mr. Kizer 's 
trying the proposition, and his success was 
so immediate and assured that Mr. Wool- 
verton resigned his position, and, June 10, 
1869, became one of the members of the 
partnership of Kizer & Woolverton. This 
is still in exist. Micf ;iftcr a period of more 
than forty-cit:lii \ rars. and the firm's office, 
in charge of Ivobcrt Kizer, is in the same 
place that it was in tlie beginning, although 
in- a new building. The success of the firm 
encouraged the partners to enter other 
fields. They were instrumental in organ- 
izing the Malleable Steel Range Manufac- 
turing Company, to which Mr. Kizer 's and 
Ml'. Woolverton 's sons now direct their at- 
tention, and of which Jacob Woolverton is 
vice president and treasurer. In 1882 he 
became interested in the Saint Joseph 
Comity Savings Bank, which was founded 
December 8, 1869, by J. M. Studebaker, 
J. C. Knoblick and T. J. Soixas, the last- 
named being tlie prime mover in the or- 



ganization and secretary and treasurer for 
a number of years prior to his death. Mr. 
Woolverton was elected president of the 
institution in 1895, and has since been re- 
elected every year. The other officers are : 
Benjamin F. Dunn, vice president; Rome 

C. Stephenson, vice president; George U. 
Bingham, secretary and treasurer ; Harriet 
E. Elbel, cashier; Charles A. Burns, as- 
sistant cashier; and Elmer E. Rodgers, 
assistant cashier; the trustees being Jacob 
Woolverton, B. P. Dunn, W. A. Bugbee, 
W. L. Kizer, Elmer Crockett, W. A. Funk 
and R. C. Stephenson. At the close of 
business, August 20, 1917, the Saint Joseph 
County Savings Bank i.ssued the following 
statement : Resources, loans and discounts, 
$2,027,919.96; municipal bonds, $487,- 
906.68 : cash on hand and due from banks, 
$938,100.68; liabilities, due depositors, 
$3,089,337.91; surplus, $325,000.00; inter- 
est, etc., $39,589.41. Mr. Woolverton is 
also vice president and the largest stock- 
holder of the Saint Joseph Loan & Trust 
Company, a brother bank, and has been 
since its organization, in which he was the 
main factor, in 1900. The other officials of 
this bank are: Rome C. Stephenson, presi- 
dent ; Willis A. Bugbee, vice president ; 
George U. Bingham, secretaiy and treas- 
urer; Harriet E. Elbel, cashier; and 
Charles A. Burns and Elmer E. Rodgers, 
assistant treasurer and assistant secretary, 
respectively. The directors are; J. M. 
Studebaker, Jacob Woolverton, W. L. Ki- 
zer, F. S. Fish, W. A. Bugbee, L. Le Van, 

D. E. Snyder, R, C. Steiihenson and G. IT. 
Bingham. The ^ta1^lll,.|l1 of this bank at 
the close of business Au-ust 20, 1917, was 
as follows: Resourci's, loans and discounts, 
$1,838,434.44; bonds, $1,068,097.32; cash 
on liand and due from banks and trust 
companies, $584,342.19; trust securities. 
$1,454,562.66; real estate, .$4,000.00. Lia- 
bilities: Capital stock, $200,000.00; sur- 
plus, $100,000.00; undivided profits, $184,- 
169.55; depo.sits, $2,893,858.05; due trust 
department, $1,571,409.01. The combined 
resources of tliese two institutions amount 
to $8,403,363.93. 

Mr. Woolverton 's familiarity with realty 
and conditions pertaining thereto in North- 
ern Indiana and Southern Michigan is 
probably unsurjjassed. He is regarded a.s 
an authority in such matters, a prestige 
ac(|nired through his long a.ssoeiation with 
till' liusiness and his banking experience. 



1268 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



He himself is the owner of a number of 
business buildings and dwellings at South 
Bend, including his own home at 313 La- 
fayette Avenue, which was originally built 
in" 1877 and remodeled in 1893; and also 
has two farms in Saint Joseph County, one 
situated four miles from the courthouse 
on the Lincoln Highway west, consisting 
of 157 acres, and the other a 200-acre tract, 
being located two miles further from the 
city. ^ _ 

While a student at Northern Indiana 
College Mr. Woolverton became acquainted 
with Miss Alice M. Ruple, daughter of 
John J. Ruple, one of the pioneer farmers 
of the countv, and October 6, 1870, they 
were married. To this union there were 
born four sons : Earl, a young man of great 
promise who died a few years ago ; John J., 
residing at No. 807 South Lafayette 
Avenue, South Bend, assistant treasurer 
and manager of the Malleable Steel Range 
Manufacturing Company ; Howard A., also 
a re^sident of South Bend, who is sales 
manager for that company ; and Hugh L., 
who was formerly purchasing agent for the 
same concern, now a resident of Washing- 
ton, D. C, where he is connected with the 
quartermaster general's department as 
purchasing agent of hardware and steel for 
the United States Government. The Wool- 
verton family, including the sons and their 
families, have a summer home at Sandy 
Beach, Diamond Lake, where they spend 
much time together and maintain the affec- 
tionate home associations of earlier years 
when the sons were children. Mr. Wool- 
verton is an active member of the South 
Bend Chamber of Commerce and of the 
Rotary Club and is a leader in many move- 
ments having for their object the better- 
ment of business and financial conditions. 
He belongs also to the Country Club and 
the Knife and Fork Club, and has showai 
a great and helpful interest in the work 
of the Young Men's Christian Association, 
of which he has been a generous supporter. 
With his family, he belongs to the Presby- 
terian Church." In his political v-iews Mr. 
Woolverton is a republican, but public life 
has not appealed to him, and politics has 
attracted his attention only insofar as it 
has affected the welfare of the country and 
it« people. During the half a century in 
which he has been engaged in business at 
South Bend he has built up a reputation 
for unquestioned integrity in business, for 



honorable participation in public-spirited 
movements, and for probity in private life. 

Hon. Rome C. Stephenson. The extent 
and importance of the interests with which 
Hon. Rome C. Stephenson has been identi- 
fied within his career, and particularly 
since locating at South Bend in 1908, stamp 
him as one of the leading of the city's 
financial representatives. A lawyer by 
profession, and at one time a member of 
the State Senate, he gave up his profes- 
sional vocation for the field of finance, and 
at this time is president of the Saint Jo- 
seph Loan & Trust Company and vice pres- 
ident of the Saint Joseph County Savings 
Bank, brother banks of South Bend with 
combined assets of more than -$8, 000, 000. 

Mr. Stephenson was born at Waba.sh, 
Indiana, Februar.y 19, 1865, and is a son 
of Hugh M. and Maria J. (Thompson) 
Stephenson. He is a member of a familj^ 
which had its origin in the north of Ire- 
land and which first emigi^ated to Maryland 
and subsequently went to Carolina during 
colonial days. Hugh M. Stephenson w^as 
born December 29, 1818, in Iredell County, 
North Carolina, and when he was a youth 
was taken by his parents to Indiana, where 
he was educated in the public schools and 
reared to manhood. There he also met and 
married ilaria J. Thompson, who was born 
May 22, 1825, near Paris, Bourbon County, 
Kentucky, and some time later thej' re- 
moved to Rochester, Indiana, where they 
rounded out their lives, Mr. Stephenson 
dving April 25, 1889, and Mrs. Stephenson 
November 8, 1913. The father followed 
the business of abstracting titles, and was 
accounted a business man of shrewdness 
and ability, with a reputation for absolute 
integrity. A republican in his political 
views, lie was interested in the success of 
his party, and at various times was elected 
to ofifices of a public nature, being at one 
time in the early days sheriff of Wabash 
County. He and Mrs. Stephenson were 
members of the IMethodist Episcopal 
Church. They had the following children: 
Amos L., who for year,s practiced dentistry 
and is now a retired resident of Wabash ; 
William H., who was a retired dental prac- 
titioner, and died at Marion, Indiana, in 
1913 ; Joseph T., who was a printer by vo- 
cation and died at Rochester, November 
8, 1893 ; Frank M., a resident of Indianap- 
olis, who has been probation ofifieer of the 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1269 



Juvenile Court of that cit_y sinee its organi- 
zation ; and Rome C. 

Rome C. Stephenson received his early- 
education in the public schools of Wabash 
and Rochester. He chose the vocation of 
law for his life work, and began the study 
of his profession in the law offices of 
George W. Holman, an attorney of Roches- 
ter, being duly admitted to the bar May 1, 
1886. He began practicing the first day 
of the following year, and was associated in 
partnership with his preceptor until No- 
vember, 1914, when he retired from the 
practice of his calling. In the meantime, 
in November, 1908, he had removed from 
Rochester to South Bend, and the latter 
city has .since been his home and the scene 
of his activities and success. On coming to 
this city he became vice president of the 
Saint Joseph County Savings Bank, of| 
which he was also treasurer, and took like 
positions with the Saint Joseph Loan and 
Trust Company. His duties with these 
concents rapidly grew in scope and impor- 
tance until finally he found that he could 
not serve two masters, and in November, 
1914, ceased the practice of law to give his 
entire time to his banking duties. On May 
1, 1916, he was elected president of the 
Saint Joseph Loan and Trust Company, 
succeeding J. M. Studebaker. This bank, 
■which was organized in 1900, is one of the 
strongest institutions of the state, and with 
its brother bank, the Saint Joseph County 
Savings Bank, has combined resources of 
$8,403,363.98. The latter institution, of 
which Mr. Stephenson is vice president, 
was established in 1869 and is also one of 
the best known banking houses in Indiana. 

In his political views Mr. Stephenson 
is a republican and for some years was a 
more or less important figure in the ranks 
of his party. In 1904 he was the success- 
ful representative of his ticket for the State 
Senate and subsequently served in the ses- 
sions of 1905 and 1907 and the special ses- 
sion of 1908, representing Wabash and 
Fulton counties. He was one of the ener- 
getic and working members of the Senate, 
and in the session of 1905 was chairman 
of the committee on insurance and of the 
.I'udiciary "A" committee. In the session 
of 1907 he was on the committees on corpo- 
rations, telegraph and telephone, railroads, 
and codification of laws. Senator Stephen- 
son is a member of and elder in the Presby- 
terian Church. He is prominent frater- 



nally, belonging to South Bend Lodge No. 
394, Ancient Free and Accepted ^lasons; 
South Bend Chapter No. 29, Royal Arch 
Masons, and Indianapolis Consistory, thir- 
ty-second degree of Masonry; also to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
Crusade Lodge No. 14, Knights of Pythias. 
He also holds membership in the Indiana 
Country, Rotary and Knife and Fork 
clubs and in the Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Stephenson was married October 
16, 1889, at Upper Sandusky, Ohio, to Miss 
Ella J. Maxwell, daughter of Joseph J. and 
Martha (Edwards) Maxwell, both of whom 
are now deceased. Mr. Maxwell was for 
many years a dry goods merchant at Upper 
Sandusky and later cashier of the First 
National Bank of that place. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stephenson are the parents of two chil- 
dren : Joseph M., a resident of South Bend 
and a rising young journalist, being man- 
ager of the South Bend News-Times; and 
Hugh R., who is an ensign in the U. S. 
Navy. The Stephenson family resides in 
a handsome modern residence at No. 201 
North Shore Drive. In addition, Mr. Ste- 
phenson is the owner of a handsome farm 
located three and one-half miles northwest 
of South Bend, on the Portage Road. This 
consists of 200 acres in an excellent state 
of production, the property being culti- 
vated by the latest approved methods and 
with the most up-to-date machinery manu- 
factured. 

John B. Dillon, historian, was born in 
Brooke County, Virginia, in 1807; and 
while he was a small child his father re- 
moved to St. Clairsville, Belmont County, 
Ohio. Here his father died when John 
was a lad of ten years, and the orphaned 
boy went to Charleston, West Virginia, 
where he learned the printer's trade. In 
1824, at the age of seventeen, he went to 
Cincinnati, and became a compositor on 
the Cincinnati Gazette. In this paper 
his first literary ventures were published, 
but Cincinnati was then the literary center 
of the Ohio Valley, and the merit of his 
work gave him the entree to The Western 
Souvenir, Flint's Western Review, and the 
Cincinnati Mirror. He wrote poetry at 
that time, and his "Burial of the Beauti- 
ful" and " Orphan '.s Harp" deservedly 
gave him lasting recognition. 

In 1834 he removed to Logansport, In- 
diana, where he read law and was ad- 



1270 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



mitted to the bar ; and where he also wrote 
the first volume of his "History of In- 
diana," which was published in 1842. The 
fame of this work caused his election as 
state librarian in 1845, which position he 
held for six years. In 1851 he was ap- 
pointed assistant secretary of state, and 
continued in this office for two years. He 
also served as secretary of the State Board 
of Agriculture in 1852, 1853, 1855, 1858, 
and 1859. In 1853 he published for some 
months a semi-monthly agricultural maga- 
zine called "Farm and Shop." In 1863 he 
was appointed a clerk in the Department 
of the Interior, serving as superintendent 
of documents and librarian of the depart- 
ment. He resigned this position in 1871, 
and became for two years clerk of the Com- 
mittee on Military Affaire of the House. 
In the spring of 1875 he returned to In- 
dianapolis, where he resided until his death 
on February 27, 1879. 

Mr. Dillon .joined the Indiana Historical 
Society in 1842, and was its only secre- 
tary from 1859 until his death. He always 
continued his historical researches, and in 
1859 published his "History of Indiana," 
which was an extension of his original vol- 
ume. His other publications were "The 
National Decline of the ^Miami Indians," 
read before the Indiana Historical Sociefv 
May 23, 1848, and published in Vol. 1 of 
the society's publications; "Letters to 
Friends of the Union," 1861-2; "Notes 
on Historical Evidence in Reference to Ad- 
verse Theories of the Origin and Nature 
of the Government of the United States," 
New York, 1871 ; and ' ' Oddities of Colonial 
Legislation in America," published in 
1879, after Mr. Dillon's death, with a 
memorial sketch by Ben Douglass. An- 
other sketch will be found in Vol. 2 of the 
Indiana Historical Society Publications. 

L. A. Snidek, a mechanical engineer of 
many years successful experience and now 
a partner of the firm of Snider & Rotz, 
consulting engineers, with offices in the 
Merchants Bank Building at Indianapolis. 

Mr. Snider was born in Marion County, 
Indiana, December 17, 1883, a son of Theo- 
philus and Fanny C. (Center) Snider. The 
Snider family was one of the first to estab- 
lish homes in Putnam County, Indiana. 
His great-grandfather, Jacob, took his fam- 
ily, including his son Lewis, grandfather of 
L. A. Snider, and traveled by wagon from 



Tennessee to the midst of an unbroken 
wilderness in Putnam County, Indiana, es- 
tablishing their home six miles north of 
Greencastle. Jacob Snider spent all the 
rest of his days on that farm. He came 
to Indiana at such an early time that the 
party was attacked by Indians while en 
route. He was a farmer, hunter and trap- 
per and a splendid type of the rugged pio- 
neer settler. Theophilus Snider, who died 
in 1908, was born at Greencastle, Indiana, 
and spent all his active career as a rail- 
road man. He became a brakemau, later a 
conductor, and was finally made a yard- 
master with the Big Four Railway Com- 
pany. He was at first with the Peoria 
Division, afterwards was made yardmaster 
at Terra Haute, and at the time of his 
death had given thirty-seven years of faith- 
ful work to the Big Fout- Railway Com- 
pany, being regarded as one of its most 
trusted employes. He was a member of 
the ilasonic order for many years. In the 
family were four childi'en, all of whom 
are still living. 

L. A. Snider, oldest of these children, 
was educated in the public schools of Terre 
Haute, attended high school at Indianap- 
olis, and took his professional course in the 
Rose Polytechnic Institute at Terre Haute. 
He graduated Bachelor of Science with the 
class of 1905 and then spent another j-ear 
of post-graduate work, receiving the degi-ee 
blaster of Science in Mechanical Engineer- 
ing in 1906. Since then he has given all 
his time to professional work. In 1912 he 
was granted the degree of ilechanical Engi- 
neer because of his professional record. 
For a year he was with the Fairbanks and 
jMorse Company, assigned to duty at Beloit. 
Wisconsin, and after that was employed 
as a mechanical engineer and traveled over 
several states for the Fairbanks and Morse 
people. Later he had full charge of the 
mechanical ecfuipment and engineering 
work of Paul Kuhn and Company 
throughout Indiana and Illinois, with head- 
quarters at Terre Haute. After three 
years he resigned and on March 1. 1910, 
became connected with IMclMeans and Tripp 
as their mechanical engineer. Some years 
ago Mr. Snider formed his present partner- 
ship with J. M. Rotz, and as consulting en- 
gineers they have handled many important 
contracts. Their chief specialty is heat- 
ing and ventilating, and they have done 
an extensive business in installing appara- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1271 



tiis aud ill drawing plans for heating and 
ventilating systems in school buildings 
thronghout Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and 
Ohio. 

Mr. Snider is a Mason, is independent in 
politics, and a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. January 17, 1909, he married 
Bessie Modesitt. " They have three chil- 
dren: Harriet Jane, born April 14, 1912; 
Albert Howell, born December 24, 1916; 
and Hugh Modesitt, born Januarv 27, 
1918. 

Col. Robert R. Stewart. No more than 
at any other time Indiana honors its men 
of military genius and service. Such a 
time brings into striking relief and a bet- 
ter appreciation some of those who served 
their country so valiantly in former Ameri- 
can wars. 

One of these was the late Col. Robert R. 
Stewart. He was born in Indiana and his 
father, Matthew Stewart, was one of the 
early landlords and tavern keepers at old 
Terre Haute. Colonel Stewart grew up 
in the lively atmosphere of Western Indi- 
ana along the Wabash Valley, and was only 
a boy when the war with Mexico broke out. 
He became infected with the fever of mil- 
itary preparation, and his admiration for 
Philip Kearny, the dashing young soldier 
of Terre Haute, knew no bounds, and he 
practically ran away from home to join the 
dragoon company raised by Captain Keai'- 
ny in and about Terre Haute. That was, 
by the way, the beginning of Colonel 
Kearny's career as an American military 
figure. Later in the Civil war Kearny rose 
to the rank of major general. Robert Stew- 
art was in Kearny's cavalry company and 
rose to the rank of lieutenant by reason 
of his personal prowess and bravery. At 
the end of the war he was congratulated 
for his services by an autograph letter 
from President Polk. 

Early in 1861 an independent cavalry 
company was organized at Terre Haute, 
which subsequently became Company I of 
the First Cavalry, Twenty-Eighth" Regi- 
ment. Robert R. Stewart was its first cap- 
tain and later he was made lieutenant col- 
onel of the Second Cavalry and subsequent- 
ly a.ssisted in organizing the Eleventh Indi- 
ana CavMlry, of which ho became cnlonel. 
His brother, James W. Stewart, succeeded 
him as colonel of the Second Regiment. 
General Stewart by his dashing bravery 



and niilitar\- exploits won admiration. 
"Bob" Stewart was a popular man both in 
camp and as a citizen. A part of the time 
he commanded a brigade in the war, but 
refused any advancement in title and rank. 
In Western Indiana in particular Colonel 
Stewart was idolized as a typical soldier. 

In 1862 his personal friend, J. C. Men- 
inger, dedicated to him "Colonel Stew- 
art's Parade March." In the Memorial 
Building at Terre Haute his portrait with 
those of other Civil war heroes is placed 
in enduring memorj^ in one of the win- 
dows. 

During his service Colonel Stewart was 
captured by the enemy and for a period 
of seven months suffered incarceration in 
Libby prison at Richmond. The hard- 
ships of this period together with the ex- 
posure of camp and battle experience un- 
dermined his health, and only a few years 
after the war he died. 

Colonel Stewart married Flora Sullivan, 
who after his death became the wife of 
Emil Wulschner, long prominent in the 
music business at Indianapolis. Mr. 
Wulschner died April 9, 1900. Mrs. Wul- 
schner was a prominent figure in Indianap- 
olis. She was chairman of the Board of 
Trustees of the Indiana Orphans Home As- 
sociation. She died at Rome, Italv, April 
14, 1909. Her father, William Sullivan, 
was also a resident of Indianapolis. 

Alexander il. Stewart, only son and 
child of Colonel Stewart, was born at Terre 
Haute March 4, 1867, and has lived in In- 
dianapolis since 1869. He became inter- 
ested in the musical merchandise business 
through his stepfather, and for many years 
has conducted a store that is a noted cen- 
ter of musical goods all over the state. 
He is the only jobber in Indiana for the 
Victor Talking Jlachines. He has also 
acquired some extensive interests in real 
estate and is identified with many of the 
representative civic and social organiza- 
tions of Indianapolis. He is a member of 
the Loyal Legion, is a Scottish Rite IMason 
and Shriner, a member of the Columbia 
Club and other organizations. 

ilr. Stewart married in 189.3 ]Miss 
Georgia Toms, of St. Louis, Missouri. She 
died August 9, 1906, and was survived by 
two sons, George E. and James T. In 
1911 Mr. Stewart married Miss Marie Iv. 
Lee, and their son is Alexander il., Jr. 



1272 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



James H. Lowry is superintendent of 
parks at Indianapolis. To this position and 
all the responsibilities which it implies Mr. 
Lowry has brought the qualifications of 
the thoroughly trained civil and construc- 
tion engineer, and also a natural taste and 
inclination for this class of public serv- 
ice. Mr. Lowry has fitted in well with the 
plans and aspirations of the present park 
board. These plans contemplate a park 
system which will make Indianapolis the 
envy of the larger cities in the country. 
Members of the board and Mr. Lowy have 
made a thorough and systematic study of 
all the park systems of the leading eastern 
cities, and thus they have a broad vision 
and high ideals to guide them in all their 
work. The superintendent of parks de- 
pends not only upon the special organiza- 
tion and facilities placed under his control, 
but is doing much to arouse the interest 
and co-operation of all citizens of Indianap- 
olis in a general plan for beautification of 
the city. This means not only the public 
parks but the individual grounds and sur- 
roundings of homes. The service of the 
park system is available to private citi- 
zens in the selection and planting of proper 
shade trees and shrubbery on private 
grounds and adjacent to the street. The 
city is to be congratulated upon having 
such a thoroughly qualified man as Mr. 
Lowry for the position of park superin- 
tendent. 

He was born in Cass County, Michi- 
gan, ]\Iay 2, 1881, son of Franklin E. and 
Laura Bell (Parsons) Lowry. His father 
is sixty-five and his mother is sixty, and 
both parents are still living, residents of 
Granger, St. Joseph County, Indiana. His 
father in his younger days was a teacher, 
afterwards a country merchant, had a com- 
mon school education plus some normal 
training, and is now conducting a store at 
Granger. He has always been interested in 
politics and in the success of the demo- 
cratic party. He is a Mason and his wife a 
member of the Christian Church. Ances- 
trally the Lowrj's are Scotch-Irish. There 
were three children : James H. ; Mabel, who 
is the wife of Albert Daehler, professor of 
English at Purdue University; and Mil- 
dred, a teacher living at home with her 
parents. 

James H. Lowry attended the graded 
schools of St. Joseph County, Indiana, 
graduated from the high school at Niles, 



Michigan, at the age of eighteen, and dur- 
ing the following two years taught school 
in his native County of Cass in Michigan. 
He also taught for two years in Harrison 
Township, St. Joseph County, Indiana. 
Teaching, was the means of earning the 
money which enabled him to take part of 
his course at Purdue University. Besides 
teaching he did every other sort of em- 
ployment which would pay some of his ex- 
penses, including tutoring and some of the 
menial branches of service around the Uni- 
versity. At Purdue he pursued a technical 
course, civil engineering, and during his va- 
cations worked on railroads, the Lake Shore 
and the Nickel Plate lines, and spent one 
year out of Norfolk, Virginia, on the Tide- 
water System of the late Henry 0. Rogers. 

]\Ir. Lowry graduated from Purdue Uni- 
versity in 1908. The next year he was 
connected with the Indiana Mausoleum 
Company, doing concrete construction and 
design work, and acting as superintendent 
of construction. He then returned to his 
alma mater, Purdue, as instructor in civil 
engineering, and was there four years. 

In 1912 he came to Indianapolis as ex- 
ecutive officer of the Board of Park Com- 
missioners and was promoted to his present 
duties as park superintendent in 1915. Mr. 
Lowry is also president of the National An^- 
ateur Baseball Association. In the winter 
of 1918 the secretaiy of the War Recreation 
Social Service Bureau accepted his offer in 
behalf of the association to arrange games 
of baseball between teams of soldiers at the 
cantonments and amateur teams from cities 
near the cantonments, and this is one of Mr. 
Lowry 's positive interests and services in 
the great war in which America is now em- 
barked. Mr. Lowry is a member of the Tri- 
angle Engineering Fraternity, is affiliated 
with Mystic Tie Lodge of the Masonic or- 
der, the Indianapolis Rotary Club, and in 
politics is non partisan. 

In 1910 he married Miss Bessie May 
Leamon, daughter of Mrs. Cordelia Lea- 
mon. ilrs. Lowry is a graduate of high 
scliool and is a thoroughly trained mu- 
sician, having attended Winona Conserva- 
tory of Music and finishing in the Chicago 
Conservatory. They have one son, James 
Edson Lowry. 

Clarence W. Nichols. Of lawyers who 
have had much to do with the important 
litigation in the United States and local 



IXDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1273 



courts in recent years, the name of Clar- 
ence W. Nichols has been prominently iden- 
tified. 

Mr. Nichols was born in Indianapolis 
July 8, 1873, son of Willard C. and Louise 
(Spiegel) Nichols. His maternal grandfa- 
ther, August Spiegel, was a native of Ger- 
many, and came to America with his par- 
ents when an infant and located at Law- 
renceburg, Indiana, where he learned the 
cabinet making trade. He moved to Indi- 
anapolis and was a pioneer in the furniture 
manufacturing business. 

Mr. Nichols' paternal grandfather was 
born in New Jersey of Scotch-English an- 
cestry. He was a printer by trade and 
was connected with several of the Indian- 
apolis local newspapers, including the 
Journal. Willard C. Nichols has for over 
forty years been in the office of the clerk 
of tiip United States Court. 

Clarence W. Nichols was the second of 
three children. He was educated in the In- 
dianapolis public schools, also by private 
tuition, and read law six years. While 
still reading law in 1898 he was appointed 
clerk to the United States attorney, and 
served in that position until 1909. After 
he was admitted to the practice of law he 
was appointed assistant United States dis- 
trict attorney for the District of Indiana, 
and for seven years handled many of the 
federal cases in the courts of this state. 
Since January, 1914, he has conducted a 
successful private practice, his offices being 
in the Lemke Building. Wliile in the em- 
ploy of the Federal Department of Justice 
he handled many important cases and pros- 
ecuted many prominent criminals in the 
Federal Court. He was an assistant United 
States attorney at the time the famous dy- 
namite cases were tried. He has had a 
generous share of the legal practice in the 
courts of Indianapolis and over the state. 

Mr. Nichols is a republican, active in his 
party, a member of the Indianapolis Bar 
Association, and the Episcopal Church. On 
September 8, 1898, he married ]Miss Nellie 
Johns McConney. They are the parents of 
three sons : Rowland Willard, born Janu- 
ary 11, 1900; Clarence Porter, bom Febru- 
ary 8, 1902; and Bernard Gardiner, born 
December 11, 190.5. Tlie son Rowland was 
one of the youngest volunteers to go into 
the army from Indianapolis. He was edu- 
cated in the common schools and the Short- 
ridge High School, and at the outbreak of 



the war with Germanj- enlisted as a private 
in Battery A of the First Indiana Field 
Artillery, afterward mustered into Federal 
service as the One Hundred and Fiftieth 
Artillery, and was attached to the famous 
Forty-Second Division, known as the Rain- 
bow Division. He was with that division 
throughout the war in France and with 
the Army of Occupation in Germany. 

William Wallace Leathers, who prac- 
ticed law at Indianapolis from 1860 until 
his untimely death in 1875, gained many 
distinctions in his calling and was a most 
worthy representative of one of Indiana's 
historic families. 

He was born in Morgan County, Indi- 
ana, September 17, 18.36. He grew up on 
the old homestead of his parents in Morgan 
County. So effectively did he use the ad- 
vantages of the common schools that he 
qualified as a teacher in early life, and was 
one of the earliest educators of Morgan 
County. His higher education he pursued 
in the old Northwestern Christian Univer- 
sity, now Butler College, at Irvington, In- 
diana. He took the literary and law 
courses at the same time, and in 1860 was 
graduated A. B. and LL. B. He at once 
began the practice of law in Indianapolis, 
and quickly gained recognition for his 
sound learning and ability. In 1861 he was 
elected prosecuting attorney of Marion 
County, and filled that office two successive 
terms. The responsibilities of the office 
were all the gi-eater because of the Civil 
war then in progress. Among his contem- 
poraries he was regarded as an unusually 
keen and resourceful criminal and civil 
lawyer, and was one of the leaders of the 
state bar when death rudely interrupted 
his promising career on December 17, 1875, 
at the age of thirty-nine. Members of the 
profession who were associated with him 
recall his conscientious devotion to the law 
as a great and noble profession, and his 
strict observance of professional ethics. In 
politics he began voting as a democrat, but 
was converted to the republican ranks at 
the time of tlie war and at one time was 
chairman of the Republican Central Com- 
mittee of Marion County. 

William W. Leathers married in 1860 
Miss Mary Wallace. She was a cultured 
woman of beautiful personality, had com- 
pleted her education in the Northwestern 
Christian ITniversity, and was a member of 
a family noted in Indiana for its devotion 



1274 



INDIA^•A AND INDIANANS 



to literature, art and social reform, and 
herself possessed many of the family tal- 
ents. She died at the early age of thirty- 
three March 4, 1870. She was a daughter 
of Governor David and Zerelda (Gray) 
Wallace. Governor Wallace by a previous 
marriage was the father of Gen. Lew Wal- 
lace and also of William Wallace. Gov- 
ernor Wallace at the time of his marriage 
to Miss Gray was lieutenant governor of 
Indiana and from 1838 to 1840 was gov- 
ernor of the state, also served one term in 
Congress and for a time was judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas of Marion Coun- 
ty. Zerelda Gray Wallace, who died in 
1904, is one of the greatest of Indiana 
women. She was one of the pioneers in the 
woman's suffrage cause, equally noted as 
a worker in behalf of temperance, and for 
years she continued as an outspoken advo- 
cate of these reforms, having been heard 
on the public platform in many states and 
was also a regular contributor to the press 
and periodical literature. A more adequate 
sketch of her life and also of Governor 
David Wallace will be found on other pages 
of this publication. 

Judge James IMadison Leathers, who 
for twelve years was one of the judges of 
the Superior Court of ]\Iarion County, is 
a son of the late William W. and Mary 
(Wallace) Leathers and through his mother 
is a grandson of Governor David Wallace 
and Zerelda (Gray) Wallace. 

He was born at Indianapolis August 31, 
1861, and was nine years of age when his 
mother died and fourteen at the time of his 
father's death. On the death of his moth- 
er he was taken into the home of his grand- 
mother Zerelda Wallace, and in his per- 
sonal career he owes much to the beauty 
and nobility of the character and influence 
of his grandmother. He learned his first 
lessons at his grandmother's knee, attended 
the public schools at Indianapolis, and at 
the age of sixteen was qualified to enter 
Butler College, the institution which had 
graduated both his father and mother. He 
remained there four years, and his student 
record showed a marked proficiency in mod- 
ern languages, in logic, rhetoric, literature 
and history. He graduated with honors 
from Butler College in 1881, at the age of 
nineteen, being president of the senior 
class. 

So many of his familv having achieved 



distinction in the law and public affairs. 
Judge Leathers' choice of any other pro- 
fession would alone have seemed strange. 
He first studied law in the office of his 
uncle, William Wallace, and later under 
William A. Ketcham and Addison C. Har- 
ris, all of them prominent members of the 
Indianapolis bar. In 1883 he graduated 
from the Central Law School of Indianapo- 
lis with the degree LL. B. 

Judge Leathers began practice at Indi- 
anapolis in the fall of 1884 and in 1885 
entered a partnership with Hon. John W. 
Holtzman under the name Holtzman & 
Leathers. This firm enjoyed a large share 
of the legal business of the Indianapolis 
bar for thirteen years. The partnership 
was terminated in 1898, when ]\Ir. Leathers 
was elected a judge of the Superior Court 
of ]\Iarion County. While it was as a per- 
sonal sacrifice of his material interests that 
he accepted this position, tlie state and 
county profited in proportion as he yielded 
personal consideration for the benefit of the 
general welfare, and it has been given him 
to uphold and add to the dignity and wel- 
fare of one of the most important courts 
in Indiana. His well known legal attain- 
ments, coupled with his long service as a 
lawyer, his fairness, and his conservative 
habits eminently qualified him for his high 
position. 

Since early youth Judge Leathers has 
been a consistent member of the republi- 
can party, and is affiliated with the Marion 
Club, the Columbia Club, and numerous 
other civic and social organizations. His 
religious experience is best told in a paper 
which he prepared and read some years 
ago under the title "Ideals of Liberal Chris- 
tianity." In the course of his address he 
says : " I was reared in an orthodox church ; 
and it was indeed as liberal and progressive 
as a church could be that assumed to be 
orthodox. In youth I listened to its teach- 
ings ; and it would have been a source of 
peace and comfort and happiness if in good 
faith my mind could have yielded assent 
to its essential doctrines. But my reason 
absolutely refused to yield an honest ac- 
ceptance to the creeds of the Orthodox 
faith. If one should become a member of 
a church whose teachings were opposed to 
his convictions and discredited by his rea- 
son, he woidd not be true to himself. For 
many years I drifted aimlessly upon the 
sunless sea of agnosticism. I was uncon- 




<MV>^ U^ImL^ — • 






INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1275 



seiously prejudiced against the Unitarian 
Churoli and indeed all liberal religion, such 
prejudice being no doubt heritage of earlier 
years. At last I resolved to take a definite 
positive attitude toward the creeds of the 
Orthodox Church. I was convinced that 
one should resolutely face the great prob- 
lem and persistently seek the truth, in a 
spirit of love and patience and tolerance. 
* * * My growth into the liberal faith 
and its appeal to my reason and conscience 
may be distinctly traced to the study of 
Ralph Waldo Emerson. I learned to love 
and revere Emerson, one of the loftiest 
and purest souls in history. * * * But 
more immediate and practical in its influ- 
ence and effect was a little pamphlet en- 
titled 'Progi-ess.' The issue of December, 
1905, fell into my hands. It contained a 
clear and vigorous statement of the pur- 
poses and ideals of the Unitarian Church. 
It made instant appeal to my reason. At 
the beginning of this pamphlet in large 
type were those words which have been in- 
scribed upon the wall behind the pulpit of 
this church and which fittingly occupy so 
conspicuous a place: 'Love is the spirit of 
this church, service its law. To dwell to- 
gether in peace, to seek the truth in love 
and to help one another — this is our cov- 
enant.' " Thus it is for the past ten 
years Judge Leathers has been a prominent 
member of All Souls T'nitarian Church at 
Indianapolis. 

George R. Elliott. The name Elliott 
lias been one of honorable distinction and 
association with the business and civic life, 
of Indianapolis through three successive 
generations. One of the prominent men in 
public affairs in Marion County diiring the 
Civil war period was William J. Elliott. 
The late Joseph T. Elliott gained distincn 
tion as a soldier of the rebellion, and foi; 
a half centur\- was one of the foremost 
business men of the capital city, where his 
son, George B. Elliott, continues many of 
the activities established by his father and 
has other intei-ests that identify him with 
the community. 

The founder of the Elliott family in 
America was a Scotch-Irishman, a pioneer 
in the colony of Pennsylvania. Some of 
the family were soldiers of the American 
Revolution. A later generation was repre- 
sented by James Elliott, who moved from 
Pennsvlvania to Ohio in 1799 and was one 



of the first settlers of Butler County. He 
spent the rest of his honored life in that 
county. 

William J. Elliott, above mentioned, a 
son of James Elliott, was born in Butler 
County, Ohio, August 27, 1810. He pos- 
sessed unusual qualities of leadership 
among men. In 1844 he was elected and 
served two terms as sheriff of Butler 
County. In 1849, soon after the death of 
his wife, he removed to Cincinnati, but 
the next year came to Indianapolis, where 
until 1863 he was in the hotel business, eon- 
ducting two or three of the leading hotels 
of the city at that time. He and many 
other local business men suffered financial 
disaster during the panic of 1857. Until 
the opening of the Civil war he was a 
stanch war democrat, but then transferred 
jiis allegiance to the republican party. He 
voted for Lincoln in 1864. In 1863, as a 
republican candidate, he was elected re- 
corder of Marion County, and by re-elec- 
tion filled the office with credit for eight 
.vears. He was a per.sonal friend and active 
supporter of Governor IMorton! and did 
mucli to strengthen his administration dur- 
ing the perilous period of the Civil war. 
After leaving the recorder's office William 
J. Elliott was active in business affairs for 
a number of yeai-s, and continued to live 
in Indianapolis until his death in 1890, at 
the age of fourscore. He married Mary 
Taylor, a native of Preble County, Ohio, 
who died in Butler County in that state 
in 1849. 

The late Joseph Taylor Elliott, who died 
at Indianapolis August 4, 1916, was born 
in Butler County, Ohio, January 24, 1837, 
and was about thirteen years of age when 
his family came to Indianapolis. He be- 
gan life with a common school education, 
and his first experience was as clerk in his 
father's hotels. In 1859, actuated by the 
spirit of adventure and enterprise, he 
crossed the western plains to Pike's Peak, 
Colorado, and spent several months in a 
futile attempt to mine gold. In the course 
of his travels he became clerk of a hotel in 
^Montgomery, Alabama, in 1860. He soon 
discovered that this southern city was no 
congenial place for a young man of pro- 
nnunred Union sentiment and hostile views 
to tlic institution of slavery. 

Retui-ning north, he responded to Lin- 
coln "s first call for volunteers, enlisting 
April 19, 1861, as a private in Company 



1276 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



A of the 11th Indiana Zouaves. Robert S. 
Foster wa-s captain of Company A, and the 
regiment was commanded by Col. Lew Wal- 
lace. It was a three months' regiment and 
Mr. Elliott was discharged August 4, 1861. 
January 5, 1864, he enlisted in Company 
C, under Capt. David D. Negley, in the 
One Hundred Twenty-Fourth Indiana lu- 
faiitrj', the successive colonels of which 
were James Burgess and J©hn H. Ohr. 
Mr. Elliott was in the Atlanta campaign 
until the fall of Atlanta and Jonesboro, 
and on September 1, 1864, was commis- 
sioned second lieutenant. His regiment 
was a part of Ruger's Brigade, Cox's Di- 
vision of the Twenty-Third Army Corps, 
commanded by General Schofield. During 
the retrogressive campaign into Tennessee 
in pursuit of Hood's army Mr. Elliott and 
some of his comrades were captured near 
Spring Hill November 30, 1864, following 
the battle of Franklin. He was a prisoner 
of war first at Columbia, Tennessee, and 
after the battle of Nashville was taken 
with the Confederate forces to Corinth, 
Meridian, and finally to Montgomery, Ala- 
bama, where he had been a hotel clei'k be- 
foi'e the war. He also spent several months 
in the notorious pi'ison pen at Anderson- 
ville, Georgia. He was released on parole 
the latter p^rt of March, 1865, and was 
sent by rail through ^Montgomery and 
Selma to Meridian and then on foot to 
Vieksburg. While there waiting for ex- 
change the news of the a.ssassination of 
President Lincoln came. Mr. Elliott was 
one of the last survivors of that tremendous 
catastrophe wherein upwards of 2,000 
Union soldiers lost their lives in the burn- 
ing and sinking of the ill-fated Sultana. 
This "wa.s the gi-eatest marine disaster in 
American annals, and it is said that only 
in four great battles of the Civil war were 
more Union men killed than in the sinking 
of this Mississippi steamboat. While the 
boat was conveying its passengers up the 
river, near Memphis, one of the boilers 
exploded April 27, 1865. Mr. Elliott made 
his own escape by throwing himself over- 
board into the icy waters of the river. He 
assisted others in procuring a foothold on 
precarious refuge of floating wreckage, and 
then he swam along, clad only in his under- 
clothing, to a portion of the floating stairs 
of the wrecked steamer. On this he and 
three comrades floated down the river. 
Two of the men finally transferred them- 



selves to a large tree. The other compan- 
ion was finally exhausted and sank to a 
watery grave. Mr. Elliott drifted for 
about fourteen miles, and finally when 
about three miles south of Memphis was 
rescued by a boat sent out from a gunboat. 
He was carried more nearly dead than alive 
to the deck of the boat, was wrapped in a 
blanket and laid in front of the boilers 
near the furnace fire. Finally some Sistere 
of Mercy provided him with a suit of red 
flannel, and with a pair of trousers and a 
jacket given him by an officer of the gun- 
boat he landed at ^Memphis. While walk- 
ing barefooted and bareheaded through the 
streets a local merchant handed him a hat 
and he was provided with shoes and stock- 
ings by attendants at the Gayoso Hospital. 
On arri\ang at Indianapolis he was per- 
mitted to remain through the intervention 
of Governor Morton, and was mustered 
out of service and received his honorable 
discharge August 31, 1865. 

In 1866 Joseph T. Elliott engaged in 
the abstract business at Indianapolis. For 
thirty-four years, until 1900, he continued 
this work, and his firm developed the lar- 
\?est business of the kind in Marion County. 

In 1899 Mr. Elliott was elected president 
of the ]\Iarion Trust Company, and filled 
that office until 1904. At that date he 
became senior member of the firm Joseph 
T. Elliott & Sons, conducting a large busi- 
ness in stocks and bonds and other high 
grade securities. The firm later merged 
with Breed & Harrison, of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and became Breed, Elliott & Harri- 
son, and Mr. Joseph T. Elliott was vice 
president of the firm at the time of his 
death. 

The late Mr. Elliott was always a stanch 
republican, though his name never ap- 
peared in connection with candidacy for 
public office. However, he was thoroughly 
public spirited and did much for the com- 
munity in various ways. Januarv 1. 1906, 
he was appointed a member of the Board 
of Public Works of Indianapolis and filled 
that office four years, part of the time as 
president of the board. He was a member 
of the Loyal Legion of George H. Thomas 
Post No. 17, Grand Army of the Republic. 
He worshiped in the Meridian Street Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. 

May 15, 1867, Joseph T. Elliott married 
Miss Annetta Langsdale. She was born in 
Indianapolis October 9, 1846, daughter of 



I 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1277 



Joshua M. W. Langsdale. Her father Was 
a native of Kentucky and came to Indian- 
apolis in the early '30s, and for many 
years was prominent in real estate circles. 
He died in 1891 at the age of seventy- 
eight. To the marriage of Joseph T. Elli- 
ott and wife were born three sons and one 
daughter: George B., Joseph T. Jr., 
Charles Edgar and Florence. The daugh- 
ter died at the age of three years and nine 
months. The sons George B. and Charles 
Edgar became actively associated with 
their father in the business conducted as 
Joseph T. Elliott & Sons. 

George B. Elliott was born at Indianap- 
olis February 29, 1868, oldest of the sons of 
Joseph T. Elliott. He was educated in the 
grammar and high schools of Indianapolis 
and his first business experience was ac- 
quired at the age of eighteen as assistant lo- 
cal ticket agent for the Rock Island Railway 
at Kansas City, Missouri. Later he wa.s 
transferred to St. Joseph, Missouri, but 
after about a year of railroading he re- 
turned to Indianapolis. Here he w«nt to 
work for Elliott & Butler, the abstract 
firm of which his father was senior partner. 
Mr. Elliott continued to be actively identi- 
fied with the abstract business until 1898, 
in which year he was elected county clerk 
of Marion County. That office he filled 
with credit and efficiency for four years. 
He has long been prominent in local public 
affairs and in 1896 was elected to the 
State Legislature from Marion County. 
Soon after retiring from the office of clerk 
in January, 1903, he became associated 
with his father in the stock and bond tiusi- 
ness under the name of Joseph T. Elliott 
i*c Sons. As stated above Joseph T. Elliott 
it Suns merged with Breed & Harrison of 
Cincinnati, in 1912. and the corporation of 
Breed, Elliott & Harrison was organized. 
George B. Elliott is one of the vice presi- 
dents of this company. 

Mr. Elliott was one of the early presi- 
dents of the ilarion Club and is also a 
member of the Columbia Club. On June 
4. 1902. he married IVIiss Mary Fitch Sew- 
all, daughter of Elmer E. and Lucy 
(Fitch) Sewall, of Indianapolis. Two 
children were born to them, George, who 
died in infancv. and Sewall, liorn August 
18, 1905. 

Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds was 
born at Plemingsburg, Kentucky, January 



4, 1822. He attended the common schools 
of that place until his parents removed to 
Lafayette, Indiana, when he entered Wa- 
bash College. Before gi-aduating he was 
appointed to West Point. He graduated 
from the United States Military Academj- 
in 1843, in the same class as General Grant, 
and served in the artillery until 1847, when 
he was promoted first lieutenant and ap- 
pointed assistant professor of natural and 
experimental philosophy at West Point. 
He held this position until 1855, when he 
was stationed in Indian Territory-. He re- 
signed from the army in 1857 to take the 
chair of mechanical engineering in Wash- 
ington 'College, St. Louis. 

In 1860 he returned to Lafayette and 
engaged in business with his brother, but 
on the coming of the Civil war tendered 
his services to Governor Morton, and was 
made colonel of the Tenth Indiana Regi- 
ment. He was commissioned brigadier- 
general on ]May 10, and served with dis- 
tinction in West Virginia until January, 
1862, when he was forced to resign by 
business complications at home. After ad- 
justing his business affairs, he again ten- 
dered his services, and in September, 1862, 
was again appointed brigadier-general, 
and two months later promoted major gen- 
eral. He served with distinction through 
the war, and at its close was made a colonel 
in the regular army, and assigned to the 
Twenty-sixth Infantry. At the same time 
he was brevetted brigadier general for 
services at Chattanooga, and major general 
for services at Missionary Ridge. 

From 1867 to 1872 he commanded the 
military district of Louisville and Texas, 
and while in this position was tendered by 
Texas a seat in the United States Senate, 
but declined. He was next assigned to the 
Department of the Platte, and continued 
there until his retirement in 1877. He 
died at Washington Citv, Febniarv 26, 
1899. 

Amos N. Foorman-. One of the oldest 
families located around the historic Town 
of Eaton in Delaware County is that of 
Foorman. Some of the Foorman family 
were the first officials of the tomi corpora- 
tion of Eaton. In the surrounding vicin- 
ity they have been prominent as farmers, 
land owners, capitalists and men of affairs, 
always ready to promote any worthy in- 
dustrial or civic enterprise. 



1278 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



One of them is Amos N. Foorman, who 
has lived in that vicinity over sixty years. 
He was born in Cass County, Indiana, Jan- 
uary 5, 1849, son of Frederick and Sarah 
(Newcomer) Foorman. In the fall of 
1851, when he was two years old, his par- 
ents moved to Delaware County and set- 
tled in Niles Township, buying 140 acres. 
At that time land could be secured in Del- 
aware County for -111.25 per acre. Fred- 
erick Foorman was a man of much busi- 
ness enterprise and a mechanical genius. 
In early life be had followed the trades 
of millwright and carpenter, and on com- 
ing to Delaware County he erected a saw- 
mill on his land and operated it in addi- 
tion to cultivating the crops. He continued 
milling as long as it was possible. When 
he came to Delaware County there was not 
a single line of railroad in this vicinity of 
Indiana. He experienced many of the 
hardships and inconveniences of an era 
that lacked transportation. An incident of 
his career that might be recalled with profit 
is that in 1852, the year the Bellfontain 
Railroad, now the Big Four, was under con- 
struction through the county he sowed a 
crop of wheat, and when it was harvested 
he sold it in local markets for 37I2 cents 
a bushel. Even then he had to take half 
the pay in store goods. He was a member 
of the Lutheran Church and a stanch Doug- 
las democrat. 

Amos N. Foorman was sixth in a fam- 
ily of ten children, four of whom are still 
living. He had rather meager educational 
opportunities, and was only a boy when he 
seriously went to work to make his own 
way. His fii'st experience was as butcher 
boy in a shop at Eaton, and for some years 
he dealt rather extensively in cattle and 
was one of the leading shippers from this 
vicinity. He began his farming career as 
owner of eighty acres, and his holdings in- 
creased until he had 600 acres of choice 
land in Delaware County, the value of 
which property today is conservatively es- 
timated at over $100,000. Some of this 
land is in the corporate limits of Eaton. 
]\Ir. Foorman has kept his individual im- 
provements apace with the rising standard 
of facilities in the agricultural districts of 
Indiana. He and bis family live in a hand- 
some home, where they enjoy practically 
all the conveniences and comforts of city 
dwellers. His house is surrounded by an 
ample lawn, has garden, shade trees and 



practically every want supplied. In his 
garage is a fine motor car that enables 
the family to enjoy distant friends and ac- 
quaintances, and thi-ough the use of this 
car Mr. Foorman gains his most decided 
contrast with past times. There was a day 
not so far back in his recollection when 
it meant a day's journey to go and come 
from the county seat, whereas now he can 
drive to IMuncie and back in a couple of 
hours. Mr. Foorman has used his means 
and opportunities to upbuild his home 
town, erected the principal hotel of the vil- 
lage, and owns considerable other improved 
real estate. He was one of the founders 
and organizers of the old Eaton glass fac- 
tory, which was one of the important in- 
stitutions of Eaton in the days of natural 
gas. He is also a large stockholder in the 
Farmers State Bank of Eaton. 

The Foorman family have long been 
identified with the Metliodist Episcopal 
Church, and he has given liberally to 
church causes. Mr. Foorman began voting 
as a democrat, but after the nomination 
of Horace Greeley in 1872 he changed his 
allegiance to the republican party and has 
been active in support of its principles. 

His first wife was Estelle Bundy, who 
lived only five months after their marriage. 
Later he married ]\Iiss Catherine Bowsman. 
They had two living children. Onie I\Iaud 
and Frank B. Frank now owns 240 acres 
and is one of the leading farmers of Niles 
Township. 

~Sl. V. ]\IcGiLLiARD — Indianapolis Boys' 
Club. As an institution is but the length- 
ened shadow of a man, it is singularly ap- 
propriate to link the name of M. V. :\IcGil- 
liard with one of Indianapolis' best insti- 
tutions, the Indianapolis Boys' Club. ;\Ir. 
McGilliard was founder of that club, and 
of all the experiences and achievements of 
a long life surely none could furnish him 
more enduring satisfaction than this one 
work. 

Jlr. McGilliard has been a resident of 
Indianapolis for half a century. He has 
always been interested in church and gen- 
eral philanthropy, but it was one of the 
small incidents of every day life that turned 
his efforts into a new channel and brought 
about the founding of the Boys' Club. 
During the political campaign of 1891 he 
one day made a speech, at the request of 
republican headquarters, before a gather- 



INDIANA AND INDTAXANS 



1279 



ing of business men on Pearl Street. After 
the meeting adjourned he went around to 
the postoffiee and on the way passed a small 
group of newsboys and bootblacks on Penn- 
sylvania Street. He had seen the same 
boys or boys of their type many times 
before, but for some reason the sight of 
these street children, the condition of 
their clothing, their dirty feet and faces, 
produced such an impression that he did 
not shake it off throughout the entire day 
and the following night he remained awake 
for hours. After midnight he got up and 
sat in a chair by the window, and pon- 
dered over the entire problem of the appar- 
ent inadecpiacy of schools, churches and 
other public organizations for doing all that 
was demanded in behalf of the poor and 
neglected, and those without normal op- 
portunities. It was the same question that 
recurs again and again to evei-y conscien- 
tious man, no matter what his affiliations 
or success in life, and like many others who 
had pondered the problem ilr. McGilliard 
had to confess that in spite of all his ac- 
tive co-operation with churches and benevo- 
lent institutions, his efforts fell far short 
of an ideal realization of benefits. 

There finally came into his mind what he 
had read or heard concerning boys' clubs 
and newsboys' homes organized and main- 
tained in other cities. To carry out some 
definite and practical plan of the same na- 
ture in Indianapolis seemed to him an ur- 
gent and a vital necessity. The next day 
he called an informal meeting of bTisiness 
men, including among others T. C. Day, E. 
G. Cornelius, Col. Eli Kitter and Charles 
E. Reynolds. They were in conference for 
several hours, and each man expressed a 
willingness to lend co-operation in the or- 
ganization of a newsboys' home, provided 
llr. IMcGilliard would take the initiative 
and the entire management of the enter- 
prise, even to the furnishing and equipping 
of the property necessary for such a home, 
and looking after the personnel of the 
management. The meeting also commis- 
sioned him to go to Chicago and make prop- 
er investigations preparatory to carrying 
out the plan. Mr. McGilliard made this 
journey to Chicago at his own expense, 
and had a long interview with the presi- 
dent and superintendent of the Newsboys' 
Home in that city. While there it was rec- 
ommended that he should secure as super- 
intendent of the home at Indianapolis, pro- 



vided it was established, ]\Ir. Norwood, one 
of the workers in the Chicago Home. Af- 
ter these preliminary steps and investiga- 
tions, the consummation of the project at 
Indianapolis was not long delayed. The 
Boys' Home was organized, with the above 
named gentlemen as directors, with Mr. 
^McGilliard as president, and with ]Mr. Nor- 
wood as superintendent. A large, two- 
story brick residence on North Alabama 
Street, between Ohio and New York streets, 
was leased for a term of years. The ma- 
tron selected was Mrs. Harding of Indian- 
apolis. 

Six or eight months later Mr. ;McGilliard 
realized that his plan was not working out 
all the results ancl benefits he had expected. 
The vital defect seemed to be that the 
Home was an institution, a public charity, 
and its privileges of lodging, food and rec- 
reation were not being taken advantage of 
by those most worthy and self respecting, 
while the Home was being gradually filled 
with tramp boys from this and other cities. 

About this time ]\Ir. McGilliard met Miss 
Mary Dickson, who under the direction of 
one of the city's noble citizens, Mr. George 
Merritt, proprietor of the woolen mills, had 
formed a class of boys and was teaching 
them in a night school. After a series of 
consultations with Miss Dickson Mr. ^IcGil- 
liard brought about a combination of her 
class with his own organization, forming 
what was thereafter and has continued to 
be known as the Boys' Club of Indianap- 
olis. In this re-organization the features 
of a club were emphasized and those of a 
home or charitable institution were elim- 
inated as far as possible. About 100 boys 
went on the roll as original members of 
the club. Through the advice of ^Ir. Mc- 
Gilliard ^liss Dickson became superintend- 
ent of the new organization. The head- 
quarters were in a building on Court Street, 
very close to the place where Mr. McGil- 
liard had stumbled over the bootblacks and 
newsboys and received his first inspiration 
to the enterprise. The first floor of this 
building was fitted up as a gymnasium and 
the second floor as a reading room, and 
rooms for various recreations. Some light 
provisions were served to the boys at about 
cost, but there was little or nothing to sug- 
gest the idea of charity to the participating 
members. The club was successful from 
the very start, and has since grown into an 
organization of which every Indianapolis 



1280 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



citizen is proud. In the fall of 1894, on 
account of the illness of her brother, Miss 
Dickson resigned, but Mr. McGilliard was 
fortunate in securing to take her place the 
services of Jliss Alice Graydon, who proved 
to be one of the most competent and effi- 
cient workers in boys' work Indianapolis 
has ever had. After several years with the 
club Miss Graydon was selected to be 
assistant to Judge Stubbs in the Juvenile 
Court. 

As will be noted, the founding of this 
club was almost coincident with the incep- 
tion of one of the greatest financial pan- 
ics the United States has ever known. His 
individual resources and the time he could 
spare from his own business became so lim- 
ited that Mr. McGilliard had to seek other 
services and financial help in order to main- 
tain the club. At that juncture came a 
happy surprise in the form of a gift of 
$1,000 from Mrs. John C. Wright, and that 
sum was really the salvation of the club. 
About 1894 or 1895 Mrs. John C. Butler, 
widow of a former prominent attorney of 
Indianapolis, gave the club a gift of $10,000 
in the name of her son, who had been a 
cripple for a number of years before his 
death. This hand.some donation enabled 
the club to purchase a two-story brick 
building at the comer of South Meridian 
Street and Madison Avenue. That has 
since been the home of the club. The 
building was fitted up with a large gym- 
nasium, reading room and school room, and 
here are the main offices and gymnasium 
and school room of the Boys' Club, while 
the Lauter Memorial Building and GjTii- 
nasium and the George W. Stubbs Memo- 
rial Building in different parts of the city 
are larger and better buildings, and all 
owned and used by tl>e Boys' Club. 

The Indianapolis Boys' Club is the larg- 
est and most notable boys' club in the 
United States. It has property valued at 
over $100,000 and its officers and directors 
are drawn from some of the most distin- 
guished of Indianapolis citizens. Its super- 
intendent, Mr. Walter Jarvis, is probably 
the best equipped man in the country for 
that special line of work. As the founder of 
the club and its first president, Mr. Mc- 
Gilliard is now an honorary life trustee. 

After the permanent home was acquired 
and equipped IMiss Graydon propo.sed the 
idea of a Mothers' Club to work in con- 
nection with the Bovs' Club. This ]\Ioth- 



ers' Club has been hardly secondary in 
importance as a source of invaluable serv- 
ice to the community. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lloyd McGilliard was selected as the first 
president of the Mothers' Club and she re- 
mained very active and untiring in time 
and devotion to that field of work until 
ill health caused ilr. McGilliard to accom- 
pany her to another part of this fair land. 

M. V. McGilliard was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, in 1842, a son of John S. and Abigail 
(Preston) IMcGilliard. The McGilliard fam- 
ily is of French Hugenot origin. In 
France the name was spelled Gilliard. Af- 
ter the persecution of the Hugenots the 
Gilliards left France and went to Scotland, 
where during several generations of resi- 
dence they acquired the familiar Scotch 
prefix. 

When Mr. McGilliard was eight years of 
age his parents moved in 1850 to Liberty, 
Indiana, and in 1858 established their home 
at Kewanee, Illinois. In those communi- 
ties M. V. McGilliard was reared and ed- 
ucated, and in 1863, at the age of twenty- 
two enlisted as a private in Company H of 
the One Hundred and Thirty-Fourth Illi- 
nois Infantry. He saw upwards of one 
year of active service, participating in cam- 
paigns in Kentuckj-, Tennessee, Missouri 
and Arkansas. As participant in a war in 
which freedom was a conspicuous factor, 
he is significantly an interested witness in 
the present great struggle, where the all 
dominant issue is a new freedom and new 
ideals of democracy. 

At the close of the war Mr. McGilliard 
entered the fire insurance business, and 
soon afterward located at Indianapolis as 
special agent for an insurance company. 
He has been a resident of this city ever 
since with the exception of the four years 
from 1902 to 1906 when he had his offices 
and headquarters at Sioux Falls, South 
Dakota. He is a special agent and adjust- 
er, of fire insurance, and that service, con- 
tinued for fifty-three years, makes him 
one of the oldest men in fire insurance cir- 
cles in the country. During his residence 
in South Dakota he was president of the 
State Sunday School Association, and at 
no time in his mature life has he ever 
failed to keep up a keen interest in church 
and Sunday school work. 

At Indianapolis he has served as elder of 
the ^lemorial and Tabernacle Presbyterian 
Churches and in fact has assisted in or- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1281 



ganizing four different churches of that de- 
nomination in Indianapolis. He was prac- 
tically the founder of the Tabernacle 
Church which was organized in his home. 
He has been a leader in extending Sunday 
school influence, conducting mission Sun- 
day schools and otherwise working as a 
pioneer in that field. He was superintend- 
ent of the East Washington Street Mission 
of the Presbyterian Church, of the West 
Washington Street Jlission, now known as 
the Mount Jackson Methodist Church, and 
in this work and related interests he has 
always had a close and devoted associate in 
Mrs." McGilliard and latterly in their 
daughter. Mr. McGilliard is also associated 
with the ^lasonic Order, the Grand Army 
of the Republic and the First Presbyterian 
Church. 

Mrs. McGilliard before her marriage was 
Miss Elizabeth Lloyd. She is also a native 
of Cincinnati. The only daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. McGilliard is Edna il., wife of 
Dr. Wilmer F. Christian, brief reference 
to whom will be found on other pages as 
one of the leading physicians of Indian- 
apolis. Mrs. Christian, like her mother, is 
a leader in philanthropic and welfare 
work. Especially within the last year or 
so she has become prominent in Red Cross 
and other forms of war activities. Her 
interests and efforts have been especially 
aroused and enlisted in looking after the 
welfare of those thousands of young women 
who are now employed in the industries, 
many of them as substitutes for men called 
to the front. ^Irs. Christian is also a 
leader in the Women's Franchise League 
of Indiana, being president of the Indian- 
apolis branch of the same. 

Orange G. Pfaff, M. D., F. A. C. S. Of 
Indiana men who have achieved national 
distinction in the field of surgery, there is 
perhaps none whose attainments have had 
a wider and more beneficent influence upon 
the profession at large than Dr. Orange 
G. Pfaff of Indianapolis. 

He was born at Westfield in Hamilton 
County, Indiana, April 28, 1857. His an- 
cestry is interesting. He is descended from 
Peter Pfaff, a ^Moravian who came from his 
native land to North Carolina in 1741. He 
was one of the founders of the Moravian 
Church and community in Porsythe Coiin- 
ty. the activities of which centered around 
Salem, now a part of the modern industrial 



city of Winston-Salem. The community 
where the Pfaff family settled, about twelve 
miles west of Salem, became known as 
Pfafftown. The Moravians have always 
been the chief religious and social influence 
of that section of North Carolina, and they 
established at Salem a school that yet re- 
mains one of the most notable educational 
institutions in America. 

Doctor Pfaff is a son of Dr. Jacob L. 
and Jane (Wall) Pfaff. His father was 
born at Pfafftown in North Carolina and 
came to Indiana in the late '30s, locating 
first at Mooresville in Morgan County and 
later removing to Westfield in Hamilton 
County. He was a pioneer physician in 
those localities. He died in 1859. Orange 
G. Pfaff came to Indianapolis with a mar- 
ried sister, 'Sirs. George Davis, whose hus- 
band was a wholesale shoe dealer here. He 
was then six years of age, and practically 
all his life has been spent in the capital 
city. The Pfaff home in former years was 
on Pennsylvania Street between Market 
and AVkshington, where the When depart- 
ment store now stands, in the heart of 
the business district. 

Doctor Pfaff received his preliminary ed- 
ucation in the public schools and high 
school. He studied medicine in the Indiana 
]Medica] College, graduating M. D. in 1882. 
After a year or two of hospital work he 
engaged in general practice. He has taken 
post-graduate work in New York and at the 
University of Berlin, and in 1907 Wabash 
College honored him with the degree A. M. 
About 190.3 he discontinued general prac- 
tice to engage in surgery exclusively. He 
has been a specialist in gjaiecological sur- 
gery, and in that field has achieved well 
earned distinction and is honored by the 
profession throughout the country. 

During 1882-84 Doctor Pfaff was resi- 
dent physician of the Marion County In- 
firmary. He has long been identified with 
the faculty of the Indiana University 
School of Medicine, lecturer and clinical 
professor of Gynecology, 1890-91, and pro- 
fessor of gynecology since 1892. He still 
holds this chair. He is gynecologist for 
the Indianapolis City Hospital and St. 
Vincent's Hospital. 

Doctor Pfaff is a member of the Indian- 
apolis and Indiana State Medical societies, 
tlie Mississippi Valley Medical Society, the 
American Medical Association, the Ameri- 
can Association of Obstetricians and Gyne- 



1282 



INDIANA AND LNDIANANS 



eologists, and is a Fellow of the American 
College of Surgeons. He was president of 
the Indianapolis Medical Society in 1907. 
Doctor Pfaif is a republican, a member of 
the Phi Chi college fraternity, and belongs 
to the University, Columbia and Country 
clubs. 

He was a member of the old Medical Re- 
serve Corps of the United States army, in 
wliich he held a commission. When the 
war started between the United States and 
Germany in April, 1917, he was one of the 
first surgeons to receive the commission of 
ma.jor and for several months was actively 
engaged in the work of Base Hospital No. 
32 at Fort Benjamin Harrison. 

November 25, 1885, Doctor Pfafif married 
Mary A. Alvey, of Indianapolis, daugh- 
ter of James H. Alvey. They have a sou, 
Dudley A. Pfaff, a young mau of exception- 
ally brilliant promise. He was educated 
in the famous Hill Preparatory School at 
Pottstown, Pennsylvania, for five years, 
also in Yale University, has done special 
work in Indiana University and is a mem- 
ber of the class of 1920 in Harvard Medi- 
cal College. Doctor and ilrs. Pfaff re- 
side at 1221 North Pennsj'lvania Street. 

David E. Watson. The law has claimed 
the energies and talents of David E. Wat- 
son for a full quarter of a century, and as 
a lawyer he is well known over his native 
state. Mr. Watson for several years has 
been located at Indianapolis, where he is 
legal counsel and trial lawyer for the Indi- 
anapolis Traction & Terminal Company. 
His offices are in the Traction Terminal 
Building. 

He was born at Eminence in Morgan 
County, Indiana. February 4. 1870. a son 
of John and Belle (Brazier) Watson. His 
father was born on a farm in the same 
county in 1842. His grandfather, Simon 
Watson, was an early settler in Morgan 
County, locating there in 1836 and taking 
up land for which he secured a patent from 
the C4overnment Land Office. He improved 
this land to some extent and then traded 
for another farm ad.ioining. He lived there 
until his death at the ripe age of eighty- 
seven in 1895. He had a large family of 
eleven children, nine sons and two daugh- 
ters, and seven of the sons and one of the 
daughters are still living. Simon Watson 
was a fine type of the pioneer Indiana 
citizen, a devout Baptist, a democrat in 



polities, and a member of the Masonic 
Lodge at Eminence. 

John Watson, who was second oldest of 
his father's children, had a common school 
education and was one of the boy soldiers 
of the LTnion army. He enlisted in 1861 
in the Fifty-Ninth Indiana Infantry and 
was in service three years and eight months. 
He fought at Shiloh and in many of the 
campaigns led by General Grant in the ]Mis- 
sissippi Valley until 1864. For a time he 
was an orderly. He received his hon- 
orable discharge in 1865, and returning to 
jMorgan County took up the trade of house 
painter, which he followed at Eminence 
and in the surrounding district for a num- 
ber of years. Later he engaged in the hotel 
business, and kept hotel at Eminence until 
1910. He is retired at the age of seventy- 
six. He has always been active in the in- 
terests of the democratic party and is aflil- 
iated with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He and his wife had four chil- 
dren. 

The only surviving child is David E. 
Watson, who grew up in Morgan County 
and attended the grammar and high schools 
there. Later he entered DePauw L^niver- 
sity at Greeucastle, where he first took the 
teachers' course and in 1892 graduated 
from the law department with the degree 
LL. B. I\Ir. Watson practiced at Green- 
castle from 1892 until 1896, and then re- 
moved to Martinsville, where he accumu- 
lated a large clientage and was busily and 
successfully engaged until July, 1912. At 
that time his duties as attornev for the 
Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Com- 
pany brought him to Indianapolis, where 
he has since had his home. Mr. Watson is 
affiliated with the Masonic Order, ^lodern 
Woodmen of America, and bestows his 
franchise with the democratic party. Sep- 
tember 25, 1893, he married iliss Effie 
Foster. 

Jacob Taylor Wright was one of the 
distinctively useful and prominent citizens 
of Indianapolis during the last century. 
He represented the pioneer element, was a 
leader in the Quaker Church, and for many 
years had an influential part in local and 
state politics. 

He was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1816, 
son of Joel and Elizabeth (Taylor) Wright. 
He was a descendant of William Wright, 
who fought at the battle of the Bovne in 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



12S3 



1690 with King William's army, was 
knighted for bravery, and given a grant of 
land in Ireland. His grandfather, Jona- 
than Wright, settled in Philadelphia and 
afterwards near EUicott's Mills in Mary- 
land. He was a millwright by trade. He 
finally went to Cincinnati, and established 
the first Quaker Church in that city and 
was one of its pastors. 

When Jacob Taylor Wright was a child 
his parents moved to Fayette County, In- 
diana, where his father was a Government 
surveyor. During his youth he learned 
the trade of millwright, and at the age of 
twenty-one left the farm to establish a mill 
at South Richmond. On the invitation of 
Robert Underbill he finally came to Indi- 
anapolis to take charge of the foundry and 
flour mill here. He became prominent in 
local industries, establishing the first roll- 
ing mill at Indianapolis, known as the Indi- 
anapolis Rolling Mills. Later he was in 
the real estate business, and he built a num- 
ber of houses in this city. Mr. Wright re- 
tired from business in 1873, and the next 
five years he lived in Kansas, giving his 
leisurely attention to a sheep ranch. He 
then returned to Indianapolis, and was re- 
tired until his death in 1879. 

In 1861 ilr. Wright was called from the 
operation of the mill and foundry to the 
duties of public office, being elected audi- 
tor of Marion County. He held that office 
two successive tenns, being elected on the 
republican ticket. During the war he was 
also chairman of the State Central Com- 
mittee. He was one of Governor Morton's 
most active and useful lieutenants in rais- 
ing funds and recruiting men during the 
early days of the war. He also had a per- 
sonal acquaintance with President Lincoln. 
It was largely through Mr. Wtt'ight's un- 
tiring efforts that Governor Morton was 
finally sent to the United States Senate. 
Mr. Wright stood high among his fellow 
citizens, was a recognized leader in power 
and capabilities, and yet during his youth 
he had a vers- meager common school edu- 
cation. Much of his knowledge was ab- 
sorbed in the home library which his moth- 
er had gathered together. In the early 
days it was' eustomarj' for the people of the 
neighborhood to come into the Wright home 
and read. 

Jacob Taylor Wright married for his 
first wife ilatilda Butler, of Fayette Coun- 
ty, Indiana. Her people came originally 



from Lynchburg, Virginia. She died soon 
after removing to Indianapolis. Her chil- 
dren were Benjamin C. and Granville S. 
In 1861 i\Ir. Wright married Sallie Anne 
Tomlinson, who was born in 1828 on a farm 
south of Indianapolis. Mi-s. Wright, who 
is still living, is doubtless one of the very 
oldest natives of Marion County, and the 
City of Indianapolis had been established 
only two or three years before her birth. 
She is now living with her only daughter, 
Anna M. Wright, at 4150 Central Avenue. 

Alva Charles Sallee has been the 
means of giving a great deal more pub- 
licity to other men and to institutions than 
to himself. He is by training and experi- 
ence and by profession a publicity expert, 
and has long and active experience as an 
advertising man. ;\Iuch of his work has 
been done in the realm of politics, and for 
fifteen years he has been a figure in the 
Indiana democratic party. 

]Mr. Sallee was born at one of the most 
interesting old towns of Southern Indiana, 
Carlisle, Sullivan County. His life be- 
gan there in 1881. His parents, William 
H. and Rebecca (Ford) Sallee, are both 
now deceased. His paternal grandfather 
was a native of France, and on coming to 
America first located in Illinois and after- 
wards moved to Sullivan County, which 
was primarily a French settlement, though 
ven- few of that original stock still re- 
main there. 

Alva Charles Sallee was eleven years old 
when his father died. That loss undoubt- 
edly had much to do with his sulisequent 
experiences. In fact it threw him upon his 
own resources, and the possiliilities and op- 
portunities of success and sei'vicc he has 
earned one by one. He educated himself 
and after he was twelve years of age re- 
moved from Carlisle to Evansville, attend- 
ing public school and commercial college 
there. His business career began at Ev- 
ansville as a stenographer with a local man- 
ufacturing concern, and during the four 
years' connection with this firm he took up 
the study of advertising. He moved to 
Indianapolis in 1902 and became interested 
in newspaper and publicity work, serving 
as special correspondent for Chicago, Louis- 
ville and Indianapolis papei-s. 

It was his abilities in this field which 
brought him into touch with Mr. Thomas 
Taggart, who had just come into posses- 



1284 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



sion of the great French Lick Springs Ho- 
tel and associated properties. Mr. Sallee 
had considerable to do with the early pub- 
licity methods which brought these prop- 
erties to nation wide appreciation having 
assisted in devising and preparing the orig- 
inal literature and general publicity tech- 
nie. Mr. Taggart made a new use of Mr. 
Sallee 's services as his secretary, and in 
that capacity many arduous duties were 
assigned to "him during the presidential 
campaign of 1904, when Mr. Taggart was 
national chairman. He has been more or 
less associated with this great democratic 
leader and organizer since that time, and 
his own entry into polities and campaign 
management is largely due to that associa- 
tion. 

Since 1911 Mr. Sallee 's home has been in 
Indianapolis. Here he has conducted a suc- 
cessful advertising and mail order business. 
He was assistant secretary to the Demo- 
cratic National Committee in 1908 and has 
served as secretai-y to the Indiana Demo- 
cratic State Committee for three consecu- 
tive terms, having been chosen first in 
1914 and re-elected again in 1916 and 1918. 
Mr. Sallee is also chairman of the Seventh 
Congressional District Committee. 

Mr. Sallee married in 1905 Miss Mabel 
Lett, of Evansville. He is a member of 
the Masonic order, the Elks, the Indiana 
Democratic Club, Indianapolis Athletic 
Club and other civic and social organiza- 
tions. 

Rt. Rev. John H.\zen White, D. D., 
whose episcopal residence is at South 
Bend, is the Fourth Bishop of Indiana 
and the First Bishop of Northern Indiana, 
and has given over forty years of his life 
to the consecrated service of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church and the cause of hu- 
manity. 

While the record of his career is an 
impressive one in itself, it also stands as 
evidence of the sturdy qualities of the old 
American stock. Bishop White is in the 
ninth generation of the White family in 
America, and it is fitting that some record 
of the other generations should precede the 
story of his own life. 

He is a direct descendant from William 
and Mary White. Tradition says that 
William White came from County Norfolk, 
England. He was born in England in 1610 
and landed at Ipswich, Massachusetts, in 



1635. In that year the General Court or- 
dered the bounds of Ipswich and Quasa- 
cunquin (now Newbury) to be laid out 
when some of the chief people of Ipswich 
desired to leave to remove to Quasacun- 
quin to begin a settlement. This petition 
was granted them. Among those who re- 
moved to Newbury were Rev. Thoma.s 
Parker, Nicholas Noyes, Henry Sewell, 
William White, William Moody and Rich- 
ard Kent. In 1640 AVilliam White moved 
to Haverhill, where he was one of the first 
settlers and one of the grantees of the 
Indi'ni deed of Haverhill dated Novem- 
ber 15, 1642, which instrinnent was, it is 
said, both written and witnessed by him. 
He acquired a large estate there and the 
Haverhill town records show that he held 
a very respectable position among the early 
settlers. He died in 1690. 

His only child was John White, born 
about 1639 and died at Haverhill at the 
age of twenty-nine. He married Hannah 
French of Salem. 

Their only child, also named John 
White, was born in 1663-4 and died in 
1727. He was a man of much consequence 
both in civil and military aflfairs of the 
colony and as a merchant and land owner. 
He married Lydia Gilman, daughter of 
Hon. John Gilman of Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire, and granddaughter of Edward Gil- 
man, who came from Norfolk, England, 
and settled first at Hingham and later at 
Ip.swich. 

The fourth generation was represented 
by Deacon William White, born in 1693-4 
and died in 1737. He was a clothier at 
Haverhill, was also a captain and justice 
of the peace, axid is said to have planted the 
first potato crop in that town. He married 
Sarah Phillips, daughter of Samuel and 
Mary (Emerson) Phillips of Salem, a 
granddaughter of Rev. Samuel Phillips of 
Rowley and great-aranddaughter of Rev. 
George Phillips of Watertowni. 

In the fifth generation was John Wliite, 
who married Miriam (Hoyt) Hazen and 
both lived at Ha^..hill. Massachusetts. A 
son of this couple was Ma.i. ]\Ioses White of 
Rutland, who for several years was a clerk 
in the store of Joseph Ha;^en of Haverhill, 
the father of his mother's first husband. 
At the age of twenty he entered the army 
and became the aide of Gen. Moses Hazen 
and served through the Revolutionary war 
with untarnished character. He married 




i/^^^ti^ //a^>f^ /fe^^ , 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1285 



Elizabeth Amelia Atlee, eldest daughter of 
William Augustus Atlee of Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania. One son of Major Moses 
White was William Augustus, who was 
sailing master on the frigate Chesapeake 
and was killed in the great naval battle 
with the Shannon. 

The grandfather of Bishop White was 
John Hazen White, of the seventh genera- 
tion. He married Roxana Robinson, of 
Watertown, Massachusetts, and they spent 
all their married life at Lancaster, New 
Hampshire, rearing a family of nine chil- 
dren. 

Ma.j. Moses Hazen White, father of 
Bishop White, was a graduate of Dart- 
mouth College and became prominent in 
educational circles in Cincinnati. He also 
made a distinguished record as a soldier 
in the Civil war. He married Mary Miller 
Williams, of Rutland, Vermont. 

While this is a very brief ancestral rec- 
ord, it cannot but serve to indicate some of 
the sources' and character and strength 
from which Bishop White has derived his 
own character. Bishop White was born at 
Cincinnati March 10, 1849, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native 
city, graduating from Woodward High 
School in 1867. After two years of busi- 
ness experience he entered Kenyon College 
in 1869, graduating A. B. in 1872. He took 
his theoloarieal course at Berkeley Divinity 
School, receiving his Bachelor of Divinity 
degree in 1875. He was ordained a deacon 
June 4, 1875, and a priest May 28, 1876. 
He was assistant at St. Andrew's Church 
in Meriden, Connecticut, 1875-77. vice rec- 
tor and instructor in St. Margaret's School 
at Waterbur>% Connecticut, and a.ssistant 
to St. John's Church 1877-78, rector of 
Grace Church at Old Savbrook, Connecti- 
cut, 1878-81; rector of Christ Church, 
Joliet. Illinois, 1881-89; rector of the 
Church of St. John the Evangelist at St. 
Paul, Minnesota, 1889-91 ; and warden of 
Seabury Divinity School at Faribault, Min- 
nesota, 1891-95. 

May 1, 1895, he was consecrated Bishop 
of Indiana at Indianapolis, and on the 
division of the dioceses April 25, 1899, he 
took the northern portion of the state, 
with the title Bishop of Michisran Citv. 

April 23, 1879. Bishop White married 
Marie Louise Holbrook, vonnsrest daughter 
of D. C. and Mary Ann (May) Holbrook, 
of Dcti-oit, Michigan. To their union were 



born seven children, briefly noted as fol- 
lows : Howard Russell, a chaplain in the 
United States Army in France; DeWitt 
Holbrook, deceased ; Mary May, unmarried, 
and a Red Cross nuree ; Charlotte Strong, 
who is in the United States Army Nurses 
Corps; Elwood Sanger, manager of the 
LaDew Belting Works at Glencoe, New 
York; Walker, a farmer at Gates Mill, 
Ohio ; and Katharine, unmarried and in the 
United States Army Nurses Corps at Bor- 
deau, France. The tifth child, Elwood 
Sanger White, married Luella Perin. of 
Lafayette, Indiana, daughter of W. H. and 
;\linnie (Weaver) Perin of Lafayette. 
They have two children, ilary Perin and 
John Hazen. Tlie son Walker White mar- 
ried Beatrice Buttolf, of Indianapolis, a 
granddaughter of Charles A. and Nancy 
Sudlow of Indianapolis. Mr. and Mrs. 
Walker White have three children, Bea- 
trice, Walker and Nancy Sudlow. 

Bishop White i.s a member and chaplain 
general of the Order of Cincinnati. He 
belongs to the University Club of Chicago 
and University Club of South Bend, the 
Knife and Fork Club, Auten Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, and in Masonry is 
affiliated with Portage Lodge No. 675, Free 
and Accepted Masons, South Bend Chap- 
ter No. 29, Royal Arch Masons, is past il- 
lustrious ma.ster of South Bend Council 
No. 13, Royal and Select Masons, and a 
member of South Bend Commandery No. 
82, Knights Templar, and also belongs to 
the Scottish Rite Consistory. 

Mrs. Emma N. Carleton, author, was 
born at New Albany, Indiana. August 4, 
1850. She is a daughter of John Robert 
and Avesta (Shields) Nunemacher, and 
was christened Emma Shields Nnnomacher. 
She was educated in the New Albany pub- 
lic schools, Tousley's Academy and De- 
Pauw College, and, in 1874, married Philip 
Jones Carleton, who died three years later. 
Mrs. Carleton became widely known as 
a contributor to New York, Chicago, De- 
troit and Indianapolis papers, the Youth's 
Companion, and various magazines, in a 
wide variety of short poems, humorous 
sketches and articles on the collection of 
antiques of various kinds. At tlie same 
time she developed a trade in antiques, 
chiefly old books. Her father had a book- 
store in New Albany for many years, and 
she was well acquainted with literature 



1286 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



from the mercantile side as well as the lit- 
erary side. She called her establishment 
■"The Un-Beknownst Book Shop." Mrs. 
Carleton had one son, who died in child- 
Iiood. She resided in Indianapolis for 
some twelve j-ears after her marriage, but 
since 1888 has lived at New Albany. 

Perry Harris Blue. It was with some 
of the pioneer railroad building and also 
with the general development of natural 
resources and business enterprises that the 
name of Pen-y Harris Blue is chiefly asso- 
ciated, and as such deserves more than pass- 
ing mention in the history of the state. 

Mr. Blue, who was born on a farm near 
Chillicothe, Ohio, November 12, 1851, and 
died in Indianapolis November 20, 1915, 
compressed a great deal of strenuous activ- 
ity and performance into the sixty-four 
years of his life. His parents were William 
Haynes and Sarah (Harris) Blue. Of 
their six children three are still living. 
When Perry H. Blue was a small child his 
parents moved overland across the country 
by wagon to Sullivan County, Indiana. It 
was in that interesting county of Western 
Indiana that PeiTy Harris Blue grew to 
manhood. While a boy he attended the 
common schools and also had the benefit of 
instruction in a local academy. He read 
law with Judge Buff in Sullivan County, 
and at the age of twenty-one was elected 
"to the office of count.y prosecutor. How- 
ever, office holding was an honor for which 
he had little inclination, since the main bent 
of his life and energies was toward con- 
structive enterprise, but he took much in- 
terest in polities and public afi'airs as a 
democrat. 

In Sullivan County he was the first to 
advocate the laying of gravel and stone 
roads. Finally, in order to overcome prej- 
udice and opposition, and to secure a fair 
trial of this type of road construction, he 
personally stood sponsor financially for a 
selected piece of highway. Sullivan Coun- 
ty now ranks high among the counties of 
Indiana in the matter of good roads, and 
many miles of improved road surface turn- 
pike are in a sense a monument to the en- 
terprise of Mr. Blue. 

Dur.ing the early stages of his practice as 
a lawyer at Sullivan ilr. Blue was prepar- 
ing to go abroad and pursue further stud- 
ies as a lawyer at Edinburgh. Scotland. 
About that time he was met with a flatter- 



ing offer from eastern capitalists to become 
manager of a railroad line through Sullivan 
County which for years has been the sub- 
ject of much ridicule and altogether was 
a property that had become notorious, not 
only for its material dilapidation but on 
account of its trials and vicissitudes finan- 
cially and iu the records of the courts. 
At different times the road had been known 
under different ambitious titles, such as the 
Cincinnati, St. Louis Straight Line, and 
later as the Indiana & Illinois Southern. It 
was built as a narrow gauge, and probably 
no man ever tackled a harder task of rail- 
way reconstruction than Mr. Blue when he 
took charge of the property and its man- 
agement. He showed a vigor and determin- 
ation that overcame all obstacles. He 
changed it from a narrow to a standard 
gauge, and developed the property and the 
business and financial affairs of the road 
until it was self supporting. It is now 
known as the Indianapolis Southern Rail- 
way, a branch of the Illinois Central Sys- 
tem. Mr. Blue remained manager of this 
road until it was sold to the Illinois Cen- 
tral. As engineer he bad charge of the con- 
struction of the bridge over the Wabash 
River. 

Jlr. Blue for a number of years enjoyed 
high standing among Indiana business men. 
Some of his interests were represented as 
follows: He was half owner of the Grand 
Hotel at Vincennes: he developed the best 
sand and gravel pits along the Wabash Val- 
ley and personally owned 1,500 acres of 
land adjoining these properties ; was inter- 
ested in gravel pits near Eagle Creek; 
owned a large hardware store in Sullivan; 
was interested in a railway supply house 
in Chicago ; and developed some of the im- 
portant stone cjuarries at Spencer, Indi- 
ana. 

Mr. Blue was a delegate to a national 
democratic convention, and he twice re- 
fused nomination for Congress, the nom- 
ination in his home district, including Sul- 
livan County, being equivalent to election. 
One important public service was rendered 
by him when he was appointed in 1890 as 
one of the Board of Trustees of the South- 
ern Hospital for the Insane at Evansville. 
He was a member of the board when it took 
the management of the institution from the 
hands of the Construction Board, and su- 
pervised the completion of the work at 
Evansville. Mr. Blue had charge of outside 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1287 



affairs, landscape gardening, and many 
■other departments connected with the 
Southern Hospital, and that institution as 
it stands today is in many respects a mon- 
iimeut to his vigilence and public spirit. 
He served his full six years legal limit as 
a member of the board, and after he re- 
tired he was again and again called into 
consultation by the members of various 
■succeeding boards. 

A lawyer by training and profession, ilr. 
Blue was possessed of a wonderful busi- 
ness .judgment that gave him first rank as 
a business lawyer in his home state, and he 
was frequently entrusted and enjoyed the 
complete confidence of men of wealth and 
leadership in corporate and other busineas 
affairs. Though always very active,, he 
was by nature una.ssuming and his best 
qualities were appreciated by a limited 
circle of close and admiring friends. He 
is remembered as a splendid story teller 
and he showed a keen interest in the success 
of young men struggling, as he had done, 
to attain the first rungs on the ladder of 
success. His benevolences were many. At 
Indianapolis he was a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church, of the Chamber of 
Commerce, the Democratic Club, and frat- 
ernally was a Knight Templar ilason and 
a Knight of Pythias. 

On September 18, 1890, Mr. Blue mar- 
ried Lulu Isabel Thompson, daughter of 
Dr. Peter Sperry and Lydia Isabel 
(Rankin) Thompson. Her father was a 
native of Virginia and her mother of North 
Carolina. Her parents married in Mississ- 
ippi, and while the Civil war was still in 
progress. they came to Indiana. Mrs. Blue 
was one of seven children, only two of 
whom survive. Mrs. Blue resides at 1801 
North ^Meridian Street in Indianapolis. 
She is the mother of one child, Laura ilae, 
a graduate of Smith College. 

John T. Beeson is senior partner of 
Beeson & Son, real estate, loans and in- 
surance, with a large and complete organi- 
zation for handling these lines of business 
in Newcastle. 

'Sir. Beeson is a man of wide experience 
and of diversified knowledge of the coun- 
try. He was born at Bloomingsport in 
Eandolph County, Indiana, June 23. 1879. 
son of Isaac M. and Martha E. (Bales) 
Beeson. He is of Scotch-Irish ancestry, 
and his first forefathers in America settled 



in North Carolina in colonial days. He is 
also cf Quaker stock. His father was a 
merchant, and in the store John T. Beeson 
acquired his first knowledge of business 
atfairs. He attended public school to the 
age of fourteen, and after leaving his 
father's service he went to work at Lynn, 
Indiana, as clerk for S. C. Bowen at four 
dollars and a half a week. He was with 
Bowen six years and his wages at the end 
amounted to ten dollars and a half a week. 
Mr. Beeson married Mary A. Longfellow, 
daughter of James and Elizabeth (Thorn) 
Longfellow. On account of his wife's fail- 
ing health ilr. Beeson moved west to Can- 
yon City, Colorado, worked IVo years with 
the Galley Shoe Store and IV2 years with 
Baker and Biggs, becoming manager and 
buyer of the latter establishment. After 
three years in the invigorating climate of 
Colorado ^Ir. Beeson returned to Rich- 
mond, Indiana, spent one year with a shoe 
company, then entered the service of the 
Prudential Insurance Company, and for 
three years was located at Winchester, 
Indiana, as buyer and manager in the shoe 
department of" the W. E. Miller Company. 

Mr. Beeson came to Newcastle in 1915, 
and for a brief time was connected with the 
Elwood Lawson shoe store, then for a short 
time was with the Burgess Realty Com- 
pany, and formed the partnership of Rat- 
clifl:"e & Beeson to engage in the real estate 
business. Six months later he sold his 
interests there and since then has been in 
business for himself with offices at first 
over the Farmers Bank and for the past 
year and a half in the New Burr Building. 
He handles real estate of all kinds, makes 
loans, and does a large insurance brokerage 
business. 

Mr. and Mrs. Beeson have three chil- 
dren: Basil Earl, born in 1899, Gladys, 
born in 1902, and Robert Neravan, born in 
1907. The son Basil Earl graduated from 
Newcastle High School in 1918, and on 
June 28, 1918. .ioined the Coast Artillery 
at Jeft'erson Barracks, ^Missouri, being a 
member of Battery A, Thirty-fourth Regi- 
ment. He is also the son in the company 
name. Beeson & Son. and his father keeps 
his share of the business intact while lie 
is awa.v in the army. The son is affiliated 
with the Kappa Alpha Phi, is an active 
member of the Christian Church and 
organized the Bible Class in that church. 
Mr. Beeson is a republican in politics, and 



1288 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



is one of the straigrhtforward and energetic 
citizens of Newcastle. 

John Fee has been a business man at 
Kokomo for a long term of years, and is 
now head of the firm John Fee & Son, pro- 
prietors of the City Feed Store at 48 
Union Street. 

ilr. Fee is a native Indianan, born in 
Marion County September 21, 1856, son of 
David Fee and Nancy Kate Fee. His 
father, a native of Ohio, grew up and 
married there, and on coming to Indiana 
first located on a farm two miles east of 
Castleton in Marion County, and a short 
time later on another farm in the same 
county. Later he moved to Howard 
County, and bought a fai-m and spent the 
rest of his life in cultivating his acres and 
in producing abundant crops. He was an 
enthusiastic agriculturist, knew the busi- 
ness thoroughly, and through it rendered 
his best service to the world and provided 
for his family. Of his five children four 
are living John being the youngest. 

The latter while living on and helping 
on the farm also worked in a saw mill, 
and had eleven years of practical training 
and experience in that line before he 
reached his majority. He then entered the 
ice business at Kokomo as an employe of 
J. W. Jones, and was with him six years. 
He then went into business for himself, 
establishing in 1884 what was known as 
the "Centenniel Feed Yard." He was the 
head of that enterprise until 1902, when 
he enlarged his business and removed it 
to his present location, and is now handling 
a general line of feed, flour, poultry and 
produce, his establishment being one of 
the chief concerns "of its kind in Howard 
County. 

Mr. Fee is an Odd Fellow and a member 
of the Modem "Woodmen of America. He 
married Miss Isabelle Heaton. They have 
three sons: Lewis Fred, secretary and 
treasurer of the Kokomo Supply Companv, 
Willard D. and A. C. Fee. 

Nathan Speier. In the field of mer- 
chandising as in other lines many are called 
but few are chosen to pasitions of leader- 
ship and real success. Most of the men 
who call thems:plves merchants are really 
storekeepers. Of the Indiana men concern- 
ing whom there is no doubt or hesitation as 
to their appropriate classification as mer- 



chants one is ]\Ir. Nathan Speier, part 
owner and general manager of the Pair 
Department Store, the largest business of 
its kind at Anderson. 

Mr. Speier has the qualifications and the 
training that make the real merchant. He 
is .still a comparatively young man, having 
been bom in Bavaria, Germanj% in 1876, 
a son of Barnard and Fann.y (Strauss) 
Speier. In his native country he attended 
the country schools and also had two years 
of instruction in what would correspond to 
a college in this country. At the age of 
eighteen he set out for America, and soon 
went to M'ork for his uncle, Mr. Strauss, 
in a dry goods store at Columbus, Indiana. 
He was not merely a routine worker but 
showed an active intelligence that enabled 
him to grasp and master all the details and 
technicalities of the retail trade. He learned 
the business thoroughly and spent long 
hours working at it. It was an apprentice- 
ship that has had much to do with his sub- 
sequent success. 

During 1898-99 Mr. Speier spent a year 
in a completely new and strange field of 
enterprise in Nicaragua, Central America, 
at Cape Gracios. His partner there was 
Richard Lehman. They conducted a trad- 
ing station and had a good business out- 
look, but the climate was detrimental to 
Mr. Speier "s health and at the end of a 
year he returned to Columbus, Indiana, 
and vp-cnteved the service of his former 
employer, this time as assistant manager. 
i\Ir. Strauss had in the meantime estab- 
lished several branch stores and Mr. Speier 
traveled about supei'vising their manage- 
ment. This work, continued until 1903, 
brought him a broader outlook in mercan- 
tile affairs, and having in the meantime ac- 
quired an interest in a business at Sey- 
mour, Indiana, he located there in 1903 
and took active management of what was 
known as the Gold ]\Iine Dry Goods Com- 
pany. He built up a large and prosper- 
ous concern, and still retains his interest, 
though since March, 1915, he has lived at 
Anderson. He came to Anderson to take 
charge of the new store known as the Lion 
Store, but soon changed the name to the 
Fair and when the business was incorpo- 
rated he became secretary and treasurer 
and general manager. This is a real de- 
partment store, and carries a magnificent 
stock of goods of all kinds and its custom- 
ers are by no means confined to the city 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1289 



of Anderson. Many of the daily patrons of 
the store come from distances ranging from 
ten to twenty-five miles. 

On January 17, 1912, Mr. Speier mar- 
ried Margaret Alpern, a daughter of Cas- 
per and IMinnie Alpern, her father a whole- 
sale merchant of Alpena, Michigan. They 
have one child, Frances, born September 
14, 1914. Mr. Speier in politics is an inde- 
pendent democrat. He is a member of the 
Jewish Temple of Anderson and has social 
connections with his community as a mem- 
ber of the Country Club, the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, and also be- 
longs to the Knights of Pythias at Sey- 
mour. 

Frank Rosey is one of the popular 
business men of Newcastle, has been iden- 
tified with that city since 1915, and at the 
corner of Twelfth and Broad streets fur- 
nishes a double service through his harness 
shop and also his tire repairing facilities. 
A large part of his work is the repairing 
and making of new tires for automobiles, 
and he has installed the only machine in 
the city for the stitching and making of 
double-tread tires from old ones. 

Mr. Rosey was born near Archbold, Ful- 
ton County, Ohio, on a farm, a son of 
Joseph and Josephine (Bernard) Rosey. 
His father was of French ancestry and 
came from Berne, Switzerland, when a boy 
to Ohio. At one time he had a farm near 
Toledo, and later moved to the vicinity of 
Archbold, where he died in 1912 and his 
wife in 1911. 

Frank Rosey attended the public schools 
of Archbold, but at the age of fifteen began 
learning the trade of harness maker with 
F. Stotzer at Archbold. He served an 
apprenticeship of three years and then 
worked as a .iourne:sTnan harness maker in 
different towns of Ohio. In 1897 he and a 
partner opened a harness shop at Arch- 
bold, but two years later he sold out and 
resumed his .iourneyman experience. Mr. 
Rosey has been a resident of Indiana since 
1911, and he came to Newcastle from Rush- 
ville in 191.5. At that time he established 
his present shop at the corner of Twelfth 
and Broad streets. 

In 1913 Mr. Rosey married Grace "Willi- 
ver, of College Corners, Butler County, 
Ohio. ]\Ir. Rosey is a republican, a mem- 
ber of the Friends Church, and is affiliated 



with the Moose and Owls fraternal organi- 
zations at South Bend, Indiana. 

Daniel Franklin Mustard. A man who 
did his bit for the imperilled nation in the 
time of the Civil war, a hard working 
mechanic, a trusted public officer, and for 
many years a banker and leader in the in- 
dustrial and civic life of Anderson, Daniel 
F. Mustard has played a role that suf- 
ficiently identified him with the representa- 
tive ludianans whose names and careei's 
are honored in the present publication. 

Mr. Mustard comes of an old family of 
]\Iadison County and was born in Lafayette 
Township of that county, 3i,4 miles north 
of Andei-son, October 20, 1844. He is a 
son of William and Elizabeth (Darlington) 
Mustard, and his ancestry combines the 
various stocks of Scotch-Irish and German. 
His great-great-grandfather, "William Miis- 
tard, came with two brothers, George and 
James, from the north of Ireland to Dela- 
ware in colonial times. James afterwards 
located in Berkshire County, Massachu- 
setts, George remained in Delaware, while 
William was a pioneer in Pike County, 
Ohio. ]\Iost of the members of the family 
so far as the record goes have followed 
some mechanical pursuit or profession. 
Grandfather George Mustard was a soldier 
in the War of 1812. 

When Daniel was six years of age, in 
1850, his father moved to Anderson and 
established a shoe shop and also worked at 
the trade of carpenter. It was in his 
father's shoe shop that Daniel acquired a 
practical knowledge of shoe making and he 
also went with his father in working at the 
carpenter's trade. In the meantime he at- 
tended schools about three months each 
winter. 

Before he was seventeen years of age the 
storm of Civil war had broken over the 
country, and like thousands of other youths 
of the time he found it difficult to keep his 
attention upon his home duties and soon 
grew restless under the call of patriotism. 
On April 6, 1863, he enlisted as a private 
in Company I of the Thirty-fourth Indiana 
Infantry. Not long afterward he was with 
the great armies under Grant during the 
siege of Vieksburg, and subsequently he 
participated in some of the southwestern 
campaigns under Banks and ^McClelland. 
After about fifteen months as a private 



1290 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



soldier he was assigned to duty as a mu- 
sician in the regimental band. ]\Ir. Mustard 
has the distinction of having participated 
in the last passage of arms in the war of 
the rebellion. This occurred May 1.3, 1865, 
lietween the Thirty-fourth Indiana Infan- 
try, known as [Morton's Kifles, and a body 
of Confederates, who met in the extreme 
southern end of Texas, close to the old 
battleground of Palo Alto, where the first 
engagement of the ilexican war was fought. 
This brief engagement occurred on May 
13, 1865, more than a month after Lee had 
surrendered his sword to Grant at Appo- 
mattox. In this skirmish Mr. Mustard 
was a personal witness to the death of the 
last man killed in arms during the Civil 
war. This man was Jefferson Williams, of 
Company B of the 34th Indiana. Mr. 
[Mustard was given his muster out at 
Brownsville, Texas. February 3, 1866, and 
granted his honorable discharge on Febru- 
ary 11th of the same year. 

Returning to Anderson, he went to work 
in his father's shoe shop, but was soon 
called to larger responsibilities and duties. 
[March 3, 1868, he was appointed deputy 
auditor of Madison County under James 
M. Dixon. He filled the duties of that 
office 21/2 years, and then was successively 
employed as clerk in the county treasurer'* 
office under Dr. Joseph Pugh, six months 
in the recorder's office and finally as deputy 
clerk under Thomas J. Fleming. 

In 1871 Mr. ]\Iustard entered the First 
National Bank of Anderson as bookkeeper, 
and was with that institution until August, 
1873. He then resumed his public duties 
as deputy treasurer under Weems Heagy 
and was his deputy throughout his term. 
All of this experience made him thorough 
master of the technicalities of administra- 
tion of various county offices, and there 
was no question of his fitness when Mr. 
[Mustard came before the people of iladison 
County as candidate for county treasurer 
in 1876. He was elected on the same ticket 
with "Blue Jeans" 'Williams, who that 
year became governor of Indiana, and [Mr. 
Mustard received a decisive personal com- 
pliment in having two hundred votes more 
than the rest of his ticket. In 1878 he 
was reelected and he continued in office 
until August 15, 1881. 

On retiring from office Mr. Mustard 
became one of the managers of the Citizens ' 
Bank, the oldest banking institution in 



Madison County. It had been founded in 
1855 by Neal C. MeCullough and other 
associates. [Mr. Mustard was a member of 
the firm from 1881 to 1884, and soon after- 
ward he headed a combination which 
bought the Madison County Bank, a state 
institution, and in 1886 the two were con- 
solidated as the Citizens Bank. Mr. 
Mustard thereafter gave most of his time 
to the executive responsibilities of the bank 
and in 1905 was made president. On Janu- 
ary 1, 1917, he retired from the office of 
president, but has since been chairman of 
the board of directors. The Citizens Bank 
has enjoyed a long period of prosperity. 
It has capital of a hundred and twenty-five 
thousand dollars, surplus of fifty thousand 
dollars, and its deposits aggregate nearly a 
million and a half dollars. 

[Mr. [Mustard has been the recipient of 
many honors of both business and politics. 
On [March 23, 1909, Thomas R. Marshall, 
then governor of Indiana, appointed him a 
trustee of the Indiana Soldiers and Sailors 
Home, and he has had a place on the board 
ever since. Since 1903 he has been treas- 
urer of the Central Indiana Railway Com- 
pany. 

Mr. Mustard has been for fifty years a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, has held all the chairs and all the 
honors which the local lodge can bestow 
and for about thirty years was treasurer of 
Anderson Lodge No. 131, and of Star En- 
campment No. 84. He also belongs to 
Grand Army Post No. 131, and attends the 
Christian Science Church. 

October 2, 1871, he married Miss Adda 
Ethell, daughter of William G. and Eliz- 
abeth (Williams) Ethell, of Anderson. 
Her family were early residents of Dela- 
ware and [Jladison counties, and her father 
was a civil engineer. Mr. and [\Irs. [Mus- 
tard have two children, Fred E., elsewhere 
referred to in this publication, and Ethel 
Mary. The daughter is now the wife of 
Frank C. Cline, proprietor of the F. C. 
Cline Lumber Company of Anderson. Mrs. 
and [Mrs. Cline have two children. Adelaide 
Joanna, born in 1908, and Frances, born in 
1914. 

What an old time political and business 
associate wrote of Mr. [Mustard several 
years ago is an upt characterization whirh 
needs no revision at the present time. "In- 
dustrious to a fault, temperate at all times 
r.nd under all circumstances, frugal and 




i4:^^^'C<iKli4, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1291 



cautious in the disposition of his means, 
Daniel F. Mustard has for a number of 
years been honorably aeeumulatiug for 
himself and family a handsome compe- 
tence. In his public as well as private 
relations with fellow citizens it can be 
truthfully said that his houesty has never 
been questioned or brought into question. 
Strong in his attachments and (luick to 
appreciate the generous act, he can appeal 
confidently to his generation and to those 
who have known him from childhood, in 
sunshine and shade, to say that he has not 
been ungrateful." 

James A. Houser, M. D. One of the 
most widely known men of Indianapolis is 
Dr. James A. Houser, physician, scholar, 
original thinker, lecturer, who has doubt- 
less rendered his best service to humanity 
and inspiration through his independence 
and fearlessness in expressing himself and 
his ideals without fear of the convention- 
alities of existence which so often thwart 
and deaden the best in men or women. 

Doctor Houser was born in Fairfield 
County, Ohio, March 22, 1847. His grand- 
father, Peter Houser, of German ancestry, 
was a native of Rockingham County, Vir- 
ginia, was a farmer and also owner of a 
small mill. In pioneer times he blazed his 
way across the mountains and thrfiugh the 
wilderness into Ohio, and paid I'l^-j cents 
an acre foi' a tract of Government land. 

It was on this pioneer farm that George 
H. Houser, father of Doctor Houser, was 
born in 1S19. He grew up in that environ- 
ment, and followed farming and milling. 
He was also a Free Will Baptist preacher, 
was a .justice of the peace, and for a num- 
ber of years was postmaster of the village 
of Tiviton. He married Roanna Stanton 
who was a native of Maryland. Her grand- 
father in that state wa.s once a large slave 
owner, but from the pressure of his con- 
science emancipated his slaves, dividing 
his property M'ith them, and leaving his 
children almost destitute. For this reason 
Doctor Houser 's maternal grandfather 
came to Ohio and learned the blacksmith's 
trade, which he followed during his life. 
In 1863 George H. Houser removed to In- 
diana and he died at Scipio. There were 
ten children in the family, five now living, 
and Doctor Houser was third in order of 
birth. 

His boyhood daj-s were spent in hard 



work and his advantages were confined t» 
the common schools. Between the ages of 
twelve and fourteen he was a boat driver 
on the Miami and Erie canal from Cincin- 
nati to Toledo. When recalling this inci- 
dent of his early experience Doctor Houser 
went on to say: "As I did not dream of 
such a position being a stepping stone ta 
the presidency of this gi-eat country, I 
thoughtlessly let Garfield get the prize,, 
he being largely helped in the campaign 
because he was a boat boy." 

Whatever his early environment it was. 
not sufficient to stifle his talents or obstruct 
for long a steadfast ambition. For several 
yeare of his young manhood he alternated 
between one calling and another. For a 
time he preached the gospel. During the 
wave of phrenology which spread over the 
country he gave that subject thorough, 
study, and did a good deal of lecturing. 
It was this work that gave him the oppor- 
tunity to study medicine and means for 
attending medical school. He attended 
the ^Icdical College of Indiana at Indian- 
apolis, and in 1886 graduated from the To- 
ledo Medical College of Toledo, Ohio. Al- 
ready for some eight years a,s an under 
graduate he had practiced medicine, and in. 
1891 he located permanently at Indianap- 
olis, which has since been his home, though 
his work and interests have often taken 
him far afield. For the most part Doctor 
Houser has specialized on diseases of the 
brain and derangements of the nervous 
system. He owned a beautiful home and 
ample grounds at Indianapolis, which he 
called "The Island of Dreams," and he 
planned the realization of some of the 
most cherished ideals of his life in convert- 
ing this home into a great Phrenopathic 
Sanitarium, where he would have taught 
his system of religious thought and also 
educated and trained a stafi' of competent 
men to carry on the work after him. 

Doctor Houser has delivered more than 
6,000 lectures on various subjects through- 
out the middle west, and it is through his 
work as a lecturer that he has perhaps be- 
come most widely known. In later years 
the demands of his practice have inter- 
fered .seriously with his lecturing tours. 

Doctor Houser is not the only man in 
the medical profession who has become 
deeply and vitally interested in those rela- 
tionships which undoubtedl}' exist between 
mind and matter, and out of his original 



1292 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



study and long observation he has evolved 
a unique system of religious thought, which 
can best be expressed in Ms own words. 

"I teach that life is an ethereal, sub- 
limated, intelligent energy in atomic form, 
and has the wisdom and power to create 
animated forms to body forth the ideal of 
life such as we see. Each atom builds a 
cell in which it performs its share of the 
functions of life of the organ of which 
it is a part. The atoms of life belong to a 
world of life just as the atoms of earthly 
matter belong to a world, as ours of mat- 
ter. 

"Life is infinite in duration, immortal, 
indestructible, and is the Divine Essence 
working out the destiny of creation, 
through all time, giving higher, and still 
higher, expressions of life till its work 
reaches the eternal harmony of the In- 
finite All. 

"The union of life with earthy matter, 
giving animation to an organic body, cre- 
ates a new being, the personified identity 
of the life of the created, material being. 
This is the after life, the soul. I mean the 
soul is the oiifspring of human life on earth. 
The death of the person is the birth of the 
soul. 

"The soul is a personality, an individ- 
ualized being, with the faculties spiritual- 
ized, and passes to the spirit world the 
fourth dimensional space. Here to con- 
tinue the advancement of life to the higher 
stages. 

"I capitalize Life and its attributes, as 
I claim Life is God and God is Life. ' ' 

More than most men Doctor Houser is 
well fitted for that leadership which de- 
pends upon fearless independent thinking 
and action. His ability to eliminate other 
persons and the conventionalities and con- 
ditions so as not to interfere with the 
expression of himself and his ideas is illus- 
trated in an incident which he relates 
briefly as follows: "In 1896 I went to 
Europe and made a Fourth of July speech 
on the battlefield of Waterloo. I was, 
when this oration was made, alone, beside 
the British monument on top of the earth 
mound. It satisfied my longing, though I 
had no one to listen, except the Belgians 
down in the field below hoeing potatoes." 

The mention of this battlefield around 
which the armies of the world are. now 
surging in conflict brings up a fact that 



should not be allowed to pass, and that is 
that Doctor Houser regarded as one of the 
chief events of his life his subscription of 
$40,000 to the First Liberty Loan. He has 
always enjoyed most congenial relation- 
ships with his fellow men, and is a lover 
of humanity and good society. He is a 
thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason 
and a member of the Columbia Club. 

On Decoration Day, 1873, Doctor Houser 
married Julia Louise Pettijohn. She was 
born at Westfield, Indiana, daughter of 
Dr. Amos Pettijohn, a pioneer of that 
town. Doctor Pettijohn was well known in 
the ante bellum daj^s as an agent of the 
"underground railway." Doctor and Mrs. 
Houser have five children, all living and 
all married: Lulu Gunita, Mi"s. Herbert E. 
Hess, of Plymouth, Indiana ; Fred Amos, 
a minister of the gospel living at IVIilwau- 
kee; Anna Love, wife of George B. Wei- 
gand of Indianapolis; Bertrand A., now 
a lieutenant in the regular army ; and Ben- 
jamin J., of Indianapolis. ]Mrs. Houser 
died in January, 1916. 

Willis Stanley Bl.\tchlet, author, 
and state geologist of Indiana 1894-1910, 
was born at North Madison, Connecticut, 
October 6, 1859. He was attracted to the 
natural sciences, and after removing to 
Indiana he became a teacher of science in 
the Terre Haute High School. He also 
attended Indiana University, where he spe- 
cialized under David Starr Jordan and 
John C. Branner, graduating in 1887. He 
was an assistant in the Arkansas Geolog- 
ical Survey, 1889-90, and a member of Sco- 
vell's scientific expedition to Old ^lexico 
in 1891. 

Jlr. Blatcliley is an all-round scientist, 
having published more than fifty books and 
treatises, covering a wide range of subjects 
from his first publication on the "Orthop- 
tera of Indiana," in 1892, to his "Indiana 
Weed Book" in 1912. His most formida- 
ble scientific work is his "Coleoptera of 
Indiana," published in 1910. On this sub- 
ject he is the ultimate authority. 

The poetical side of science appeals to 
Mr. Blatchley, and he has published sev- 
eral volumes in popular vein that have 
been widely read, such as "Gleaninss From 
Nature" "(1899), "A Nature Wooing" 
(1902), "Boulder Reveries" (1906), and 
"Woodland Idvls" (1912). Included in 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1293 



these are studies of Indiana natural science 
topics as to which little information is else- 
where available. 

Mr. Blatehlev was married on jMay 2. 
1882, to Clara A. Fordiee, of Russellville, 
Indiana. He is at present engaged in sci- 
entific research in Florida. 

Arch Davis. It is always a matter of 
general interest to follow the successive 
stages by which a successful business man 
rises to his present position. When Arch 
Davis of Newcastle was sixteen .vears of age 
he accepted an opportunity to work as de- 
livery boy for Horace Johnson, a local 
groceryman. One year at that, and he took 
inside work iu the clothing house of R. D. 
Goodwin. He was not assigned a definite 
task, but was told to make himself generally 
useful, and his name was put on the pay- 
roll at four dollars a week. That experience 
lasted also a .year. Then followed a period 
of three months which was more fruitful 
of experience than wages, but gave him a 
good knowledge of western life. He spent 
those months chiefly at Chej'enne, Wyom- 
ing. On returning to Newcastle he worked 
in a garage, drove an express wagon, and 
was also night clerk in the Bundy Hotel. 
For one year he was emploj-ed as time- 
keeper by the contractor who built the Max- 
well Automobile Faetory. There were 
other minor forms of employment, but they 
may perhaps go without special mention. 

At present IMr. Davis is junior partner 
and president of the corporation knowni as 
Clift & Davis, the leading firm of New- 
castle shoe merchants. He got his first 
experience in the shoe business with his 
father under the name Davis & Sons, with 
a store on Broad Street. He spent two 
years there, learned the business, later sold 
his interest and went to work for Gaddis 
& Gotfried, another firm of shoe mer- 
chants. He was also manager for three 
months of the Lawson Shoe Store on Broad 
Street, until that business was sold. He 
was again in the employ of the firm of 
Smith & Gotfried for a short time, and 
was then employed by the firm of Clift 
& Hayes. When that business was in- 
corporated ^Ir. Davis acciuired a thou- 
sand dollars worth of the stock, and in 
February, 1916, he and Mr. Clift bought 
out the Hayes interests, leaving the present 
firm of Clift & Davis. 

Mr. Davis was born at Newcastle in Sep- 

Vol. Ill— 6 



tember, 1888, a son of Mark and Jennie 
(AUeuder) Davis. He grew up in this 
city and attended the public schools, in- 
cluding two years of high school work be- 
fore he began his career as a delivery boy. 

Mr. Davis represents one of the oldest 
families of Henry County. His great- 
grandfather Aquila Davis, a native of Vir- 
ginia, who married Lucretia Hatfield, came 
to Henry County, Indiana, in 1826 and 
settled at Richwood in Fall Creek Town- 
ship. He died there in 1850. Among their 
nine children was Aciuila Davis, Jr., grand- 
father of Arch Davis. Aquila, Jr., was 
born in Ohio December 6. 1813, and was 
about thirteen years old when the family 
came to Henry County. He cleared up a 
farm in the midst of the woods three miles 
north of Newcastle, and it is said that he 
paid for eighty acres of land with money 
he received from two years w-ages at .i^laO 
a year. Later he acquired another farm of 
160 acres, and prospered and reared his 
family there. In the fall of 1879 he moved 
to Newcastle, and lived retired. He married 
Linne Harvey, who died in August, 1879, 
the mother of six children, the youngest 
of whom was ]\Iark Davis, father of the 
Newcastle merchant. 

Mr. Arch Davis married in May, 1912, 
Miss Mabel Van Camp, daughter of Charles 
Pinckney Van Camp. They have two 
children, March C, born in 1913, and Ellen 
Jane, born in 1915. j\Ir. Davis is a re- 
publican, as was his father and grand- 
father before him, and is affiliated with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks and the Christian Church. 

Charles Daniel Ratcliffe is president 
and treasurer of the Ratcliffe Realty Com- 
pany, Incorporated, of Newea.stle. He and 
Mrs. Ratcliffe are the corporation, and 
their prosperity dates from their marriage. 
They have worked hard, have kept widen- 
ing and extending their interests, and now 
have one of the best and largst concerns of 
its kind in Henry County. 

Mr. Ratcliffe was bom at Broad Ripple 
in Marion County, Indiana, in 1886, son 
of Thomas and Cora (Culbertson) Rat- 
cliffe. His paternal ancestors were Eng- 
lish and Welsh. His father came from 
Wales in 1876, at the age of twenty-eight, 
locating at Indianapolis among friends and 
fellow countrymen. He had learned the 
trade of pattern maker in Wales, and at 



1294 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Indianapolis he opened a shop on the site 
of the present Biyee bakery. He was in 
business for many years, retiring in 1908. 
His wife is still living. 

Chai'les D. Ratcliffe attended the public 
schools of Indianapolis, and in his father's 
shop learned the trade of pattern maker. 
After that he worked as a journeyman two 
years and in 1907 came to Newcastle and 
secured employment as a pattern maker 
with the Maxwell-Briscoe Automobile Com- 
pany at $12 a week wages. He was 
with that concern seven years and the 
savings he and his wife were able to ac- 
cumulate from that experience became the 
basis and the capital for the Ratcliffe 
Realtv Company. 

In 1909 :Mr. Ratclitife married :\Iiss Ella 
]\litten, daughter of James and Barbara 
(Calenbaugh) Mitten of Newcastle. They 
have one daughter, Catherine, born in 1910. 

After his marriage 3Ir. Ratcliffe bought 
a house on time, having not even enough to 
make a pai'tial payment. Then in 1915 he 
and his wife incorporated the present com- 
pany, and they now own all the stock. This 
business is an efficient organization for the 
handling of all classes of real estate prop- 
erty and loans, and they do a large volume 
of fire insurance, representing the well 
known Globe, Rutgers, Buffalo, New Bruns- 
wick and American Companies. Mr. Rat- 
cliffe has considerable city property in 
Newcastle. 

He is affiliated with the IMasonic Order 
and the Knights of Pythias, and Mrs. Rat- 
cliffe is an officer in the Eastern Star. He 
is a republican, and both are members of 
St. James Episcopal Church. 

William Tyre Whittington was born 
on a farm in Bro\^ni To^mship. Montgom- 
ery County, Indiana, on the 21st day of 
December, 1861. and died in his fiftieth 
year on March 28, 1912, 

He was one of those unusual men who 
live a long life in a brief period of years. 

He attended the local public schools near 
his father's home in Brown Township, 
ilontgomery County, Indiana, until he was 
eighteen years of age, after which he 
finished his education in the Ladoga Nor- 
mal and \Yabash College. He took a special 
law course in the University of Michigan 
at Ann Arbor, where he was graduated 
in 1887, doing two years work in one. 

When he returned home he began the 



practice of law in Crawfordsville, Indiana, 
where he was in active practice continu- 
ously until the time of his death. 

He was first associated in the practice of 
law with John H. Burford, who later 
moved to Oklahoma and became dis- 
tinguished as the chief justice of that state. 
He was then associated in the practice of 
law with Judge A. D. Thomas for several 
years, and up until about 1901. He then 
took his brother, Walter A. Whittington, 
into the firm under the name of Whitting- 
ton & Whittington, which continued until 
about 190-4, when his brother's failing 
health required him to withdraw from the 
finn and go to a different climate. 

During the last seven years of his life 
he was associated in the practice of law 
with Robert H. Williams under the firm 
name of Whittington & Williams. 

William Tyre Whittington 's career 
brought him well deserved fame in the 
State of Indiana as a law.yer, and as a 
public spirited citizen ever ready to take 
a firm and active stand for the better 
things in civil, political and religious life. 
Few men have accomplished so much in 
so short a time. 

The members of the ilontgomery County 
Bar with whom he had practiced law for 
more than a c|uarter of a century paid this 
tribute to him in a memorial adopted by 
the Bar at the time of his death: 

"His fine mental equipment and great 
energy could always be enlisted in causes 
that went to the uplifting and betterment 
of social conditions. He loved men and 
the things that make for tnie manhood. 
And while he was a lover of his fellowmen, 
yet he was always ready to battle against 
conditions and forces that he thought had 
a tendency to thwart and hinder the 
growth of the best and noblest in men. He 
placed a high estimate on the worth of men, 
and had an unshaken faith in God. 

"As an attorney William T. Whittington 
was enveloped with a consuming purpose 
to wear the laurels of clean and dignified 
professional success. He has left to us the 
legacy of his accomplishment of this high 
purpose. Few men have done so much in 
so short a time. His zeal in this work we 
can not portray with words ; it may not bd 
too much to say that it contributed to his 
untimely death. His striking character- 
istics as a lawyer were his versatility, his 
energy and his courage. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1295 



' ' But the life of this man was not limited 
to his profession. He was a vital force in 
the affairs of his community and state. He 
gave time, counsel and money to aid the 
church and the best tilings in civic life. He 
loved books and education, read history 
and romance, and when absent from the 
contest he delighted to rest near the gentle 
heart of nature. In his home he gave a 
joyous glow of warmth to every comer, 
about his fireside he was wisdom, strength, 
gentleness and mirth." 

To William and Rebecca Whittington 
were born twelve children, nine sons and 
three daughtei's, of which family' of chil- 
dren William Tyre Whittington was the 
sixth. 

His father, William Whittington, was 
born in Shelby County, Kentucky, Novem- 
ber 17, 1825, and died November 11, 1915. 
He was a farmer by occupation — a man of 
sterling qualities and Christian character. 
His mother, Rebecca Whittington, was 
born in Montgomery County, Indiana, No- 
vember 17. 1833, and was a daughter of 
the Rev. Reese L.. Davis, one of the pioneer 
Baptist ministers of ^lontgomery County, 
Indiana, and Elizabeth Rice Davis, a 
woman of fine qualities and Christian 
character. ]\Ir. Whittington 's mother 
naturally followed the traits of her pioneer 
father and mother, and was a fine Christian 
spirited, motherly, home-loving woman. 

William Tyre Wliittington was united 
in marriage with Miss Elva Jane Deere, 
October 26, 1887. From this union two 
daughters were born : [Mildred Davis Whit- 
tington, born April 11. 1899, and ilary 
Joel Whitt.'ugton. born February 21, 1901. 
The older daughter, [Mildred, died June 1, 
1903, in her fourth year. The wife, Elva 
D. A\liittington. and the younger daughter, 
[Mary Joel Whittington, have continued to 
live in the Whittington homestead at 209 
South Grant Avenue, Crawfonlsville, In- 
diai^a, since the death of Mr. Whittington. 
His widow, Elva D. Whittington. was 
the sixth of ten children, seven sons and 
three daughters, of the union of Joel Gar- 
nett Deere and Mary E. McGriag. who 
were united in marriage April 19, 1849. 

Joel G. Deere, was one of the early 
pioneei-s. having been born in Shelby 
County, Kentucky, March 29, 1828. and 
brought to [Montoromerv County. Indiana, 
when nine months old. His father, the 
grandfather of [Mrs. Whittington, built the 



first flour mill in [\Iontgomery Comity, In- 
diana, and Joel G. Deere practically grew 
up in that mill and afterwards became its 
ownier. The site of this mill is on Sugar 
Creek, about fifteen miles below Crawfords- 
ville. The mill still stands and is known as 
Deere 's Mill. Joel G. Deere died on the 9th 
day of February, 1903, but the mother, 
Mary E. Deere, and widow of Joel 6. 
Deere, still survives and is living with her 
daughter, Mrs. Elva D. Whittington, at the 
Whittington home on Grant Avenue. 

William Tyre Whittington loved his 
home, and was very devoted to his wife and 
children, and never fully recovered from 
the blow he received because of the death 
of his daughter Mildred. He was very ap- 
preciative of the help his wife gave him in 
his successful career. 

His wife, Elva D. Whittington, always 
took an active part in all forms of com- 
munity, church and club affairs, and at the 
same "time, keeping her home as the main 
shrine about which herself and family wor- 
shipped. This home gave a joyous glow of 
warmth to every comer, and [Mr. Whitting- 
ton delighted iii his home, and the home 
ties between himself, his wife and family. 

William Tyre Whittington was a man 
of great eloquence and his services as an 
orator were in demand not only for politi- 
cal but for other occasions. One of the 
many public addresses which he made in 
the state was the address at the dedication 
of the Soldiers Monument on the Court 
House corner in Crawfordsville. He was 
a republican in politics, an active [Mason, 
a member of the Eastern Star and Knights 
of Pvthias. At the age of seventeen he 
united with the Baptist Church at Free- 
dom and later and up until the time of his 
death was an active member of the Baptist 
Church at Crawfordsville. 

His practice in law was wide. As a 
lawyer he represented a large number of 
legitimate and important interests, and his 
services were given to many of the leading 
cases tried over the state. About his last 
important work as a lawyer and business 
man was in connection with the receiver- 
ship of the Ben Hur Traction Company in 
the Federal courts of Indianapolis. 

He accumulated a comfortable compe- 
tency and made a number of profitable in- 
vestments, both in and outside of the state. 
He used his means intelligently, and 
traveled extensivelv over his home country, 



1296 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and was very fond of outdoor life and 
athletic sports, being an entliusiastic golf 
plaj-er and member of the Crawfordsville 
Country Club at the time of his death. 

His surviving law partner, Robert H. 
Williams, paid him this much deserved 
tribute : 

"William Tyre Whittington was one of 
the ablest lawyers in Indiana. Most 
lawyers are fitted for a few special phases 
of their work; he was capable and skillful 
in every phase of it. He was unexcelled as 
a trial lawyer, and yet equally as good as 
an office lawyer — a combination that is 
rare. He never lacked for energy, and he 
never shrank from work, but had to be 
driven away from it. His client's cause 
was a part of his life. During the seven 
years I was closely associated with him in 
his large business, I never knew him to 
make a statement to a client about any 
matter that was different from what had 
been gone over and worked out in consulta- 
tion out of the client's presence. In other 
words, he always put himself in his client's 
position and worked out his client's cause 
as carefully and sincerely as if it was a 
matter pertaining to his own personal af- 
fairs. 

"He was one of the most sincere, lovable, 
loyal, upright men that I have ever known. 
He approached all questions in a well-bal- 
anced, conservative, broadminded manner, 
and when he finally arrived at a conclusion, 
was ever ready to enter into negotiations 
to secure his client's rights without litiga- 
tion, but if this could not be accomplished, 
he never lacked energy and courage to 
champion the cause at the bar of justice. 
No client represented by him ever had 
feeble or faint-hearted support, and he 
never lost because he came to court un- 
prepared. 

"For years he walked in the shadow of 
death, and a warning voice constantly 
called him away from those activities he 
loved so well, yet with iron will he daily 
faced it with a smile. 

"His social instinct was strong. To him 
Nature was bounteous in her gifts. His 
was a splendid intellect, a warm and gener- 
ous heart, a character upright and un- 
sullied. His integi-ity was like granite. He 
loved liberty and believed in equality of 
opportunity before the law. 

"He lived nobly his part. His life and 
character, his career, his ideals, his con- 



duct and his achievements may well chal- 
lenge the admiration of those who knew 
him best, and stand as a fitting example 
to the young men of the coming genera- 
tion. ' ' 

JiRAH Alson Kitchell is a contractor 
and builder of long and successful ex- 
perience and has done much as an investor 
and in a professional way to develop the 
improvement of Michigan City, where he 
has had his home and business headquar- 
ters for a number of years. 

Mr. Kitchell was born at Whitehall, now 
Lincoln, in Morris County, New Jersey, in 
1862. His grandfather was a native of 
New York State and of early colonial and 
Revolutionary ancestry. He was a shoe- 
maker by trade, and made shoes long be- 
fore shoemakers came into competition with 
machinery for the making of their product. 
From New York State he moved to New 
Jersey and spent his last days in ]\Iorris 
County. Isaac M. Kitchell, father of Jirah 
A., was born in Rockland County, New 
York, October 11, 1838. He learned his 
father's trade but after attaining pro- 
ficiency found that the business was seri- 
ously interfered with by the increasing 
number of shoe factories, and he turned to 
another occupation, becoming a mason in 
brick, stone and plaster. In 1868 he went 
to Illinois and located at Cerro Gordo for 
several years. After the great Chicago fire 
of 1871 he turned his trade to good account 
in the rebuilding of that city, but in 1873 
removed to Lakeside, Michigan, and con- 
tinued his business as a contractor and 
builder until his death on July 2, 1883. 
He enlisted September 2, 1862, in Com- 
pany D of the Twenty-second New Jersey 
Volunteer Infantry, for a term of nine 
months. He was in the South with his 
conmiand and saw active service in a num- 
ber of battles before receiving his honor- 
able discharge in June, 1863. He married 
Elizabeth DeMouth. She was born in 
Taylortown, New Jersey, October 2, 1838. 
The De^Iouth family was likewise of colo- 
nial and Revolutionary ancestry. Jirah De- 
Mouth at one time owned a considerable 
tract of land in Taylortown, New Jersey, 
and besides farming was a charcoal burner, 
burning charcoal for a number of local 
industries. ]\Irs. Isaac ]M. Kitchell died 
February 20, 1890, the mother of seven 
children : Jirah Alson, Ida Jane, Charles 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1297 



Elmer, Herbert Melvin, Isaac Irving, 
Frank DeMouth and Grace Elizabeth. 

J. A. Kitehell was schooled in New Jer- 
sey, at Cerro Gordo, Illinois, and in Chi- 
cago, and also attended school after his 
father removed to Lakeside, Michigan. He 
acquired the rudiments of his trade under 
his father and at the age of eighteen went 
to Chicago and completed a thorough 
apprenticeship. He also worked as a jour- 
neyman, and finally began his independent 
career as a contractor and builder at Chi- 
cago. After a brief period in that city he 
returned to Lakeside, Michigan, and was 
in business there for a number of years. 
He has always had great faith and .judg- 
ment in investing in and improving real 
estate, and became an extensive property 
owner while at Lakeside. He continued his 
business there until 1901, when he removed 
to ]\Iichigan City. As a contractor and 
builder he has handled many contracts for 
others and also for himself, and has im- 
proved some parcels of real estate and still 
owns some of the finest apartment build- 
ings in Michigan City. 

November 3, 1887, Mr. Kitehell married 
Alice M. Wire. She was born near Card- 
ington in Morrow County, Ohio, a daughter 
of Seneca and Nanc.y A. (Beckley) Wire. 
Her father wa.s a native of Portage County, 
Ohio, and served as a Union soldier during 
the Civil war. He enlisted for one year, 
a member of the Eighty-Eighth Regiment, 
Company F, at Camp Chase, near Colum- 
bus, Ohio. He took a trip to New Orleans 
with prisoners on exchange, was then taken 
ill and discharged after eleven months serv- 
ice. From Ohio he went to Michigan and 
after two years in Berrien County moved 
to a farm near Lakeside and was prosper- 
ously and continuously engaged in agri- 
culture for many years. His wife died in 
June, 1912, and since then he has made 
his home among his children, and is now 
eighty-eight years, of age. Mrs. Kitchell's 
maternal grandparents were Theodore and 
Eliza Beckley. 'Sirs. Kitehell was one of 
five children: Bertha, Marian, Alice M., 
Verna E. and Ralph Leroy. 

Mr. Kitehell is affiliated with Three Oaks 
Lodge No. 239, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, Michigan City Chapter No. 25, 
Royal Arch Masons, Michigan City Com- 
mandery No. 30, Knights Templar, the 
Scottish Rite Consistory at Fort Wayne, 
and is also a member of Washington Lodge 



No. 94, Knights of Pythias, and a member 
of the Grand Lodge of Indiana. Mrs. Kiteh- 
ell is a member of Martha Washington 
Temple No. 275 of the Pythian Sisters and 
also a member of the Eastern Star. He is 
a member of Michigan City Lodge No. 229 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and belongs to the Grand Lodge of the 
state. Mr. and Mrs. Kitehell have two 
daughters, Gertrude ilay and Edna Pearl, 
born at Lakeside, Michigan. 

George P. Rogers is one of Michigan 
City's most influential citizens, and is con- 
nected with the great industry of Haskell 
& Barker Car Company, Inc. 

He was born in Michigan City May 20, 
1875, and is a son of the late Nathaniel 
Peabody Rogers, distinguished by a long 
and useful association with the Haskell and 
Barker Company. He comes of a family 
of cultured New England men and women. 
His great-grandfather was Rev. John 
Rogers, who graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1732. The grandfather of Nathaniel 
P. Rogers was Dr. John Rogers, a graduate 
of Harvard College in 1776. In the next 
generation was Dr. Samuel Rogers, also a 
man of education and of high professional 
standing. 

Nathaniel Peabody Rogers was born at 
Plymouth, New Hampshire, November 22, 
1838. He had an academic education and 
at the breaking out of the Civil war en- 
listed in the army as a musician. He was 
in General Sherman's command until he 
was discharged on account of disability. 
He soon afterwards came west, and after 
a brief stay in Chicago located in IVIichi- 
gan City. He was one of the early em- 
ployes of the Haskell and Barker Car 
Works, and continued his active association 
with that industry untilhis death Decem- 
ber 1, 1906. It will suffice to indicate his 
success as a business man and citizen to 
quote a few sentences from a tribute paid 
him by John H. Barker at the time of his 
death: "Mr. Nathaniel Peabody Rogers 
had a wide acquaintance in the country 
and thousands of men and firms having 
business with him felt that by his match- 
less tact in conducting correspondence they 
had come in close touch with him. His 
counsel was of great value, his judgment 
was of the best, and he was a potent factor 
in bringing the Haskell and Barker Car 
Company into its present position. He 



1298 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



saw the car works grow from infancy to 
strong manhood and he gave a fostering 
care to the interests of Michigan City also. 
He was always foremost in inaugurating 
and carrying forward any beneficial object. 
In public enterprises he was one of the 
first to be called and without his continuing 
energy the city would have lacked many of 
its attractions and adornments today." 
He married Mary E. Sammons, a native of 
New York State. 

George P. Kogers was educated in the 
public schools of ilichigan City, also at- 
tended a private school known as Barker 
Hall, and had his early business training as 
a clerk in the First National Bank of 
Michigan City. After two years he re- 
signed to prepare for college and for three 
years was a student in Cornell University. 
Keturning home, Mr. Kogers in 1900 be- 
came associated with the Haskell and 
Barker Car Company and has been one of 
the active men in that industry ever since. 
He is also vice president of the First 
National Bank of Michigan City and is 
president of the Tecumseh Facing Mills. 
He is a member of the board of trustees of 
the local Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion and has served three years on the City 
School Board. 

In 1904 Mr. Rogers married Miss Fanny 
N. Culbert. She was born in J\Iaskegon, 
Michigan. Her father, Uriah Culbert, was 
a man of more than ordinary achievements. 
He was born in Nunda Valley, Allegany 
County, New York, January 5, 1835. 
When he was a child his parents moved to 
Michigan. He was early trained to habits 
of industry, and became a man of inde- 
pendent thought and action. In 18.59 he 
went west to California and spent four 
years in that state. On returning east he 
located at iluskegon, Michigan, and again 
engaged in steamboating and in the lumber 
industry. Several years later he moved to 
Michigan City, and from that time gave his 
energies to the development of a large 
marine contracting business. He built the 
breakwater and cribs in the outer harbor 
and the docks and piers in the inner harbor 
at Michigan City. At Jackson Park, Chi- 
cago, his firm had some of the contracts in 
laying out the World's Fair grounds and 
constructed the lagoon, also the naval pier 
and the foundation for the Ferris wheel. 
He was likewise interested in public affairs, 
and while in Muskegon served as a mem- 



ber of the board of aldermen and as city 
treasurer, and in Michigan City was for 
two years a representative in the Legisla- 
ture and four years a state senator. He 
married Mary Noble, a native of New York. 
Mr. and IMrs. Rogers have two children: 
Nathaniel Peabody and Charlotte M. 

Marion E. Clark, D. 0. In a score of 
years the science of osteopathy has over- 
come obstacles and prejudices and won its 
way to a front rank in the field of American 
medicine, and the character and services of 
its followers enjoy an impregnable position 
in the confidence and esteem of popular 
opinion and patronage. 

As an exponent of the science and as an 
ideal follower of the profession, undoubted- 
ly one of the foremost osteopathic physi- 
cians in the State of Indiana today is Dr. 
Marion E. Clark of Indianapolis. Doctor 
Clark was born on a farm at Petersburg 
in Menard County. Illinois, August 1, 1874. 
He is one of five children, all of whom are 
still living. His parents were Wilson C. 
and Chloe (Goodall) Clark. This branch 
of the Clark family is of Scotch-Irish an- 
cestry, and on coming to America first 
settled in Virginia and then with successive 
tides of migration westward located in 
Kentucky, Illinois and Indiana. 

Doctor Clark as a boy attended district 
schools in his native county and also the 
public schools at Petersburg. He com- 
pleted his literary training in Shurtleff 
College at Alton; For two years he read 
medicine with Dr. J. B. Whitley of Peters- 
burg. It was his plan at that time to finish 
his course in Rush Medical College at 
Chicago. About that time he was induced 
to investigate the subject of osteopathy, 
and the result was that he entered in 1897 
the American School of Osteopathy at 
Kirksville, Missouri. He made a brilliant 
record in the school while a student, and 
after his graduation in 1899 was assigned 
a professorship. At first he occupied the 
chairs of obstetrics and gynecologist and 
later founded and was professor of applied 
anatomy. These three subjects occupied 
the greater part of his attention for eight 
years, and during that time he instructed 
many men and women who have subse- 
quently gained prominence. Doctor Clark 
also assisted in arranging the necessary 
courses of study for the eolletre and in 
addition found time to compile two im- 








CHAS. J. KUHX 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1299 



portant text books, "Diseases of Women." 
published in 1904, which enjoyed the popu- 
larity of a second edition, and "Applied 
Anatomy," published in 1906. 

In 1967 Doctor Clark resigning from the 
faculty of the American College, came to 
Indianapolis in January of that year, and 
was soon, by reason of his abilities, in 
possession of a large and profitable prac- 
tice, which has continued to the present 
time. 

Doctor Clark has also fitted himself into 
the public affairs of his city and state. He 
was elected president of the Rotary Club 
of Indianapolis in 1917. He is a well 
known member of the American Osteo- 
pathic Association, the Indiana Osteopathic 
Association, and the Indianapolis Osteo- 
pathic Society. In Masonry he has attained 
the thirty-second degree of the Scottish 
Eite, is also a Knight Templar and mem- 
ber of the Mystic Shrine. In local circles 
he is a member of the Marion, Columbia 
and Canoe clubs, the Turnverein, and in 
religion is a Unitarian. 

August 3, 1899, he married Miss Lina 
Fox. They have three children, Marion 
Eugene, Charlotte and Slildred. 

WiLiJAM F. KuHN is with his brother, 
John A. Kuhn, associated in the firm 
Kuhn Brothers, wholesale and retail deal- 
ers in meats at Indianapolis. It is one of 
the oldest lines of business in the city and 
has continuously been in one location for 
upwards of half a century. 

Both the Kuhn brothers were born at 
407 West ^Michigan, the house where they 
still have their headquarters as business 
men. Their parents were Charles and 
Fredericka (Reinert) Kuhn. Charles 
Kuhn. who died in 1896 at the age of sev- 
enty-seven, was born in Wurtemberg, Ger- 
many, learned the trade of butcher and 
followed it in Hamburg, Germany, and in 
1857 came to America and located in 
Indianapolis. For a time he was connected 
with the firm of GuUick & Tweet. Gullick 
was afterwards market master for many 
years. He was master of the market when 
the location of that institution was where 
the Claypool Hotel now stands. For a 
brief time Charles Kuhn was in Iowa, but 
returned to Indianapolis to commence 
business for himself as a meat merchant, 
and about that time he erected the old home 
wliere his sons now have their business 



headquarters. Charles Kuhn had as one 
of his early partners Peter Siudlinger, his 
son-in-law. After the death of Charles 
Kuhn Mr. Sindlinger continued the busi- 
ness until he passed away, and that left the 
firm in its present form as Kuhn Brothers. 
The Kuhn Brothers are thus at the head of 
a business wliieh was established at an early 
day in Indianapolis history, and many of 
tlieir patrons today are children and grand- 
children of those who as heads of families 
patronized their father. In the early days 
the Kiihn .slaughter house M-as on what is 
now Walnut Street but was then simply 
known as Patterson's field. 

Charles Kuhn married in Indianapolis, 
his wife having come from Germany with 
her brother Frederick, and lived in Phila- 
delphia for a time before moving to Indian- 
apolis. She died June 12, 1909, at the age 
of seventy-nine. Both were active mem- 
bers of the Zion Evangelical Church and 
were admirers and friends of the beloved 
Pastor Quiuius of that denomination. 
Charles Kuhn and wife had seven children, 
all of whom were born in the old home 
on West Michigan Street. Three of them, 
Herman, Minnie and Charles, died quite 
young. Emma F., the oldest of the sur- 
viving children, is the widow of Peter F. 
Sindlinger, who died in 1903. William F. 
Kuhn, the second in age, was born I\Iarch 
7, 1866. Bertha married Albert Depriez, 
a hardware merchant at Shelbyville. Indi- 
ana. John A., the youngest of the children, 
was born September 19, 1876. 

William F. Kuhn was educated in Mil- 
ler's School on East Ohio Street and also 
attended the German-English School on 
Maryland Street, where the Tribune office 
now stands. He also had a .short course 
in the Koeruer & Goodyear Business 
School. Hisi brother John acquired his 
education chiefly from the Fourth Ward 
School and from the Shortridge High 
School. Both families are m'embers of the 
Zion Evangelical Church. 

William Kuhn married April 25, 1894, 
]\[iss Asmes L. Zismer, of Indianapolis. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kuhn have one son, Frederick 
W., now twent.v-two years of age and a 
graduate of the Manual High School of 
Indianapolis and a .student at Purdue Uni- 
versit.v. 

Cii.\RLES HoLMAK Bi.ACK, opera singer, 
is a son of Prof. J. S. Black, a native of 



1300 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Vermont, who located at Indianapolis in 
1867, and was one of the most prominent 
musical instructors of the state thereafter. 
The early training of Charles was by his 
father. As he attained adolescence his 
voice developed into a rich baritone, and 
he attracted the interest of Signor Sever- 
ini, who took him as a pupil to Germany, 
Denmark and Norway. 

On his return he went into opera for 
two seasons, and then went to Paris, where 
he was for four years a pupil of the dis- 
tinguished Maestro Faure, following also 
the course of M. Duvernoi at the Conserva- 
toiy. He was the first American invited to 
sing in the concerts of "La Trompette," 
and soon became known in other continen- 
tal countries, as also at London, where he 
appeared in the Promenade concerts, Cry- 
stal Palace, St. James Hall, and the Peo- 
ple's Palace. 

By his long residence in France, at the 
beginning of the great war, in 1914, his 
sympathies w-ere warmly with the French. 
He entered the auxiliary war work with 
enthusiasm, giving his house for hospital 
purposes, and raising funds for the French 
soldiers, and himself distributing the re- 
lief in the trenches. His labors won the 
hearty commendation of the French press, 
and on July 4, 1917, the French President 
conferred on him the medaille d'honneur 
for his notable services. For details, see 
Indianapolis Times, January 16, 1917; 
News, Julv 27, 1917; and Star, May 7, 
1918. 

John S. Berryhill is one of the older 
and ablest members of the Indiana bar. 
Jlore than forty years have passed since 
his admission to practice, and in all that 
time he has steadfastly concentrated his 
energies and ability upon the law with few 
interruptions or interests outside the pro- 
fession. Either individually or as member 
of a firm he has ranked among the foremost 
lawyers of Indianapolis, and few of his eon- 
temporaries have enjoyed more of esteem 
from his fellows and of richly earned suc- 
cess. 

Mr. Berryhill was born at Lafayette, 
Tippecanoe County, Indiana, December 27", 
1849. He was one of the two children, and 
the only surviving member of the family, 
of John S. and Irene (Fry) Berry-hill, both 
of whom were natives of Ohio and both 
were married at Lafayette, Indiana. John 



S. Berrj-hill, Sr., was a superintendent of 
construction on the old Wabash and Erie 
Canal, and after the waterway was com- 
pleted he remained superintendent of its 
operation for a number of years. Later he 
engaged in the marble business, and as a 
business man and citizen became widely 
known over that section of the state. At 
the time of his death, which occurred in 
1849, he was democratic candidate for state 
senator. He and his wife were both Meth- 
odists. His widow survived him more than 
half a century. 

John S. Berryhill attended the common 
schools of Lafayette and finished his liter- 
ary education in Asbury, now DePanw, 
University at Greencastle, where he gradu- 
ated A. B. in 1873. In 1879 he received 
the degree Master of Arts. After leaving 
Asbury he taught as principal of the public 
schools of Frankfort, Indiana, and then re- 
turning to Lafayette began the study of 
law with James R. Carnahan. In April, 
1876, he transferred his studious activities 
to Indianapolis, where he found a position 
as student and clerk in the law ofSce of 
Hanna & Knefler. Mr. Berryhill was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1876. " In 1879 his 
hard and earnest work had gained him pro- 
motion as a partner in the firm of Hanna, 
Knefler & BeiTyhill. After the death of 
Mr. Hanna in 1882 the finn continued as 
Knefler & Berryhill until the death of Mr. 
Knefler in 1899. Since then Mr. Berryhill 
has continued his practice alone. Much of 
his business has been in the trial courts, 
and he has frequently appeared in behalf 
of important litigation both in the state 
and federal tribunals. He is a member of 
the Indianapolis Bar Association, is a re- 
publican in polities, and with his wife has 
membership in the JRoberts Park Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

October 2, 1877, he married Jliss Mary L. 
Hanna. She was born at Greencastle, In- 
diana, daughter of John and Mahala 
(Sherfey) Hanna, also natives of Indiana. 
John Hanna was one of the prominent 
lawyers of Indiana for many years, senior 
member of the firm Hanna, Knefler & 
Berryhill, above mentioned. For one terra 
he represented the Indianapolis district in 
Congress. Both he and his wife died at 
Greencastle. Mrs. Berryhill was a student 
in Asbury University at the same time as 
her husband, graduating with the class of 
1874. They are the parents of two chil- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1301 



dren : John H., superintendent of the Vul- 
can Plow Works at Evansville and Irene, a 
graduate of DePauw University and wife 
of Earl E. Young, of Anderson, Indiana. 

Charles W. Jewett was called from the 
ranks of private citizenship and from his 
engrossing duties as a lawyer to the of- 
fice of mayor of Indianapolis in the fall 
election of 1917. He entered upon the 
duties of that office on January 7, 1918, on 
his thirty-fourth birthday. He is one of 
the youngest mayors Indianapolis has ever 
had."^ 

At the same time it is doubtful if any 
man of his years has had a more varied 
experience and brings to his official duties 
a more thorough familiarity with all the 
walks and classes of life. He was born at 
Franklin, Indiana, January 7, 1884. Dur- 
ing his youth he lived on intimate terms 
with hard and honest toil and even today 
he would feel at home in the company of 
working men of any class as well as with 
professional and business executives. He 
has learned human problems not from 
books and theories biit from the experience 
of actual contact with practical life as a 
working man. 

His parents are Edward P. and Alma 
JIary (Aten) Jewett. In 1886 the family 
moved to Shelbyville, where the father was 
engaged in business for some years. In 
1891 he was admitted to the conference 
of the ]Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
has for more than a quarter of a century 
been active in the ministry. The family 
came to Indianapolis in 1902, the father 
becoming pastor of the Blackboard Street 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Later he was 
pastor of Howard Place Church and now 
occupies the pulpit at Hall Place Church. 

Charles W. Jewett was reared in the 
various communities where his father was 
engaged in business or in the ministry. 
Since 1902 his home has been in Indianap- 
olis except the years he spent in college. 
He attended public schools, the Franklin 
Preparatory School, and in 1904 entered 
DePauw University and completed the reg- 
ular four years course in three years, re- 
ceiving his A. B. degree in 1907. Though he 
worked on the farm, in stores, shops, fac- 
tories and on the railroads to earn money 
to help pay his way through college, he 
was always active in the various student 
affairs. He was an enthusia-stic athlete 



and a leader in all branches of athletics in 
high school and college. For seven years 
in high school and college he was a mem- 
ber of foot-ball, base-ball and track teams. 
His favorite branch of athletics was foot- 
ball. During his entire college course he 
played in every game and was never re- 
tired from a game, with one exception, and 
that was the last fifteen minutes of a con- 
test in which he was injured. He was a 
member of the university base-ball and 
track teams. He was pitcher on the ba.se- 
baU team and in his senior year was 
captain of the university foot-ball team. 
In his junior year he was president of his 
cla.ss and a member of the university de- 
bating team. He is a member of the 
National College Fraternity of Phi Delta 
Theta. He is also a member of four other 
honorary college fraternities. 

Since the age of thirteen years Mayor 
Jewett has contributed greatly to his own 
support. When he was thirteen years old 
he hired out as a farm hand for his board 
and keep and one dollar a week. He was 
a strong, husky lad and took his place with 
the other hands, making a full hand at 
farm work. Later when in high school 
and college during summer vacations he 
filled various positions in and around In- 
dianapolis, spending two summers in the 
packing plant of Kingan & Company. 
Other summers he was employed as sec- 
tion hand, switchman, fireman and train 
engineer during the double tracking of the 
Big Four Railroad between Indianapolis 
and St. Louis. Of his man.y and varied 
experiences, Mr. Jewett is extremely proud 
of the fact that during the circuit riding 
days of his father's early ministry he lived 
in Southern Indiana and enjoyed the sim- 
ple pleasures and shared the rustic life of 
pioneer days. His father was stationed on 
a five point circuit, miles from any rail- 
road and with all of the inconveniences 
that attended the lives of pioneers in other 
sections of Indiana in a very much earlier 
period. He lived in Southern Indiana dur- 
rng his boyhood from the time he was seven 
years old until he was thirteen. In that 
section of the .state, even at that time, ox- 
teams were common, and almost every fam- 
ily dipped its own candles for lighting the 
home. Men and boys wore high leather 
boots which were greased with t-allow every 
Saturday night. Farmers harvested their 
wheat with the old fashioned cradle, wood' 



1302 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



choppings, Ijarn i-aisings, etc., and such 
similar customs were as common as they 
were fifty years prior to that time in the 
northern and central parts of Indiana. 
Mr. Jewett's father traveled from church 
to church on his large circuit on horse- 
back with the old fashioned saddle bags 
of the same kind and variety that old 
Peter Cartwright used in the pioneer days 
of Indiana history. 

All kinds of outdoor sport had a strong 
place in the boyhood of :Mr. Jewett. He 
was an expert swimmer at a very early age 
and prided himself upon his horsemanship 
when he was still a very young boy. 

In 1907 Mr. Jewett entered Harvard 
Law School, completing his law course in 
1910. While in law school he took an active 
interest in politics, and was frequently em- 
ployed as a speaker and organizer with 
the republican party. After his return 
from the east he took up active practice at 
Indianapolis, and in the course of seven 
years had gained a secure position at the 
Indianapolis bar. He was before taking 
office a member of the law fii-m of "Weyl 
and Jewett. 

In politics Mr. Jewett has shown great 
ability as an organizer and harmonizer. 
In 1913 he was one of the organizers of 
the Republican Union, a movement having 
for its essential object the promotion of 
harmony between the republicans and pro- 
gressives. Because of the success of this 
union he was made chairman in 1914 of the 
Marion County Republican Central Com- 
mittee. In that year the republican county 
nominees were elected by pluralities of 
more than 4,000. In 1916, while he was 
still chairman, the republican county ticket 
was elected by a plurality of more than 
9,000. It was on this record and on ac- 
count of many other qualifications as a 
leader that Mr. Jewett's name was put at 
the head of the municipal ticket of 1917. 

In ;\Iasonry he is a Royal Arch and a 
thirty-second degree Scottish Rite and 
Shriner. He belongs to the Marion and 
Columbia clubs, and he and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. October 25, 1911, Mr. Jewett 
married Jliss Elizabeth Dougherty. Her 
father Hugh Dougherty is a vice president 
of the Fletcher Savings and Trust Com- 
pany. 



George P. H.vywood. The record of 
George Price Haywood of Lafayette — 
thirty-five yeai-s as a practicing lawyer, 
several important positions in public life, 
and numerous activities as a citizen and 
business man — requires no apology for its 
insertion in this history of Indiana and 
ludianans. 

His early years were of rustic associa- 
tion with an Indiana farm in the southern 
part of Tippecanoe County, where he was 
born December 15. 1852, one of the eleven 
children of Hemy and ]\£artha (Sherwood) 
Haywood. Beginning in the common 
schools he afterwards attended Green Hill 
Academy and in 1876 graduated from Val- 
paraiso University. In the meantime, in 
his nineteenth year, he had taken up 
teaching, and this occupation, continued 
for about six years, furnished a source of 
livelihood while he was studying law. 

;Mr. Haywood was admitted to the bar 
at Lafayette in 1880. For two years he 
was in the la^t office of Behm & Behm of 
Lafavette, but in 1882 formed a partner- 
ship "with W. F. Beehtel. Then from 1884 
to 1896 he again practiced alone, and from 
the latter year until the first of January, 
1915, was a partner with Charles A. Bur- 
nett, constituting the prominent law firm 
of Haj-^vood & Burnett. For the last three 
years Mr. Haywood has resumed individ- 
ual practice. 

In the meantime he has filled many posi- 
tions of trust and responsibility with 
credit to him.self. In 1886 he was elected 
prosecuting attorney of the Twenty-third 
Judicial Circuit, embracing Tippecanoe 
County, and was re-elected in 1888. Those 
two terms furnished him some of the most 
valuable experience be has ever had as a 
la-nyer. In the spring of 1892 ilr. Hay- 
wood was given the republican nomination 
for reporter of the Supreme Court. This 
honor was conferred upon him in the re- 
publican state convention at Fort Wayne. 
Those familiar with the political historj" 
of that year will hardly need to be in- 
formed that Mr. Haywood, along with the 
rest of the republican ticket of the state, 
went down in defeat. In 1900 I\Ir. Hay- 
wood was a delegate from the Tenth Dis- 
trict of Indiana to the republican national 
convention held at Philadelphia, where 
President ]\IcKinley was renominated and 
Theodore Roosevelt was put on the ticket 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1303 



for the vice presidency. ^Mr. Ha\-\vood 
has ahvaj's been looked upon as a leader 
in republican party aflfairs in his home 
county. In 1894 he was elected republi- 
can county chairman and filled that office 
two years. 

Among other services he was city attor- 
ney of Lafayette twelve years, being first 
appointed to that office in 1894. For four 
years from the spring of 1910 he was 
owner and publisher of the Lafayette 
Journal, a morning daity newspaper. He 
is now president and principal owner of 
the Haywood Publishing Company of La- 
fayette. Mr. Haywood is a Knight Tem- 
plar Mason. He has also taken the Scot- 
tish Rite degrees, is a member of the Mys- 
tic Shrine, the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. 
In 1879 he married Miss ]\Iary ^Marshall, 
of ]Montmorenei, Indiana. They are the 
parents of three children : Leona, ^Marshall 
and George P., Jr. 

Marvin Truman Case, ^I. D. An in- 
dividual life when directed b.y a high pur- 
pose through a long period of years may 
attain a maximum of service greater than 
that performed by many better known 
characters in history under the stress of 
abnormal conditions. One such life that 
calls for special honor in this publication 
is that of Dr. ]\Iarvin Truman Case of 
Attica. Doctor Case was for nearly three 
years a hard fighting soldier of the Union 
during the Civil war. But the maximum 
of his service has been given not as a sol- 
dier but as a fighter in the interests of 
humanity at Attica, where he has prac- 
ticed medicine steadily for over forty- 
five years, and though one of the oldest 
physicians in that part of the state is still 
on duty, and doing all he can to alleviate 
the ills that beset his fellow beings. It is 
not eas.v in a brief sketch to indicate all the 
good that flows from such a life and char- 
' acter. 

Doctor Case was born in Walworth 
County, Wisconsin, June 18, 1843, second 
.son of William Henry and Sybil (Howe) 
Case, whose family consisted of three sons 
and three daughters. His early life was 
■spent in several different states. He was 
with his parents four years in Wisconsin, 
nine years in Cattaraugus County, New 
York, four years in St. Joseph County, 
^lichigan. and a vear and a half in St. Clair 



County, Illinois. During that time he at- 
tended the public scliools in these different 
localities and also shared in the labors of 
the home faiin. 

While living in Illinois his oldest brother, 
Henry Harlan, enlisted in August, 1861, in 
Company D of the Ninth Illinois Infantry, 
and died of typhus fever at Paducah, 
Kentucky, in September of the same year. 
In March, 1862, the family moved "to a 
farm in Warren County, Indiana, and 
there Dr. Case helped cultivate a crop of 
corn. Then in the late summer of that 
year, feeling that his turn had come to 
serve the country, he enlisted August 15, 
1862. in Company D of the Eighty-sixth 
Indiana Infantry. With that company he 
served until the close of the war. He was 
a private in the ranks until May. 1864, 
when he was detailed as color guard. In 
July of the same year, while in the trenches 
before Atlanta, he was made first sergeant 
of his compan.v, and enjoyed that non-com- 
missioned rank until mustered out at the 
close of the war in June, 1865. His record 
shows him to have been a quiet, efficient 
and faithful soldier in every relationship 
of his service. He was present every day 
with his regiment from muster in to muster 
out. During his first days in camp he con- 
tracted pneumonia, from which his com- 
plete recovery was slow, but he has no hos- 
pital record, never having been a patient 
in hospital all the time he was in the army. 
Furthermore, he participated in every en- 
gagement in which his regiment took part. 

On being mustered out in June. 1865, 
Doctor Case returned to Warren County, 
and tried to resume farming. Finding 
himself unable and without sufficient 
strength to do farm work, he engaged in 
teaching in the public schools, and was a 
teacher from 1865 to 1868 inclusive. Dur- 
ing the years 1867-68 he was county super- 
intendent of schools. In the fall "of 1868 
he entered the University of ^lichigan as 
a student in the pharmacy, chemistry and 
medical departments. He graduated with 
the degree P. C. in 1869 and tausht in that 
department during 1869-70. In ]\Iarch, 1870 
he was awarded his medical degree, and 
with the ink still fresh on that document' 
he arrived at Attica April 1, 1870, and be- 
gan the practice of medicine and surgery, 
wliich he has continued with unabated in- 
terest for over forty-five years. He was 
at first associated with Doctor Jones for 



1304 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



two j'ears, until Doctor Jones removed to 
Indianapolis. Since that time he has had 
as professional associate Thomas J. Leech 
from 1875 to 1878, Aquilla Washburne 
from 1881 to 1883, John E. :\Iorris in 1897- 
98, and Louis A. Boiling from 1900 to 
1907. In addition to looking after a large 
private practice he was for several years 
local United States examining surgeon for 
pensions, and a member of the Fountain 
County Board of Pension Examining Sur- 
geons. For a busy practitioner he has 
filled many offices of trust that require 
much time without corresponding compen- 
sation. During 1875-76 he was county 
superintendent of schools. For six years 
he was a trustee of the Attica public 
schools, and has been a trustee of the Car- 
negie Public Library since its establish- 
ment at Attica. He has served as city 
health officer for more than thirty years, 
and has been a member of the Logan Town- 
ship Advisory Board since establishment. 

Doctor Case has been a director of the 
Building and Loan Association at Attica 
during its growth from assets of nothing 
until they now amount to nearly $1,000,- 
000. He is still active in professional and 
other affairs, and it is his ardent hope that 
he may continue to be spared many years 
and continue an active participant in the 
work of bettering conditions in his home 
locality. His fellow citizens look upon him 
as one of the most dependable men in the 
community, always ready to do their bit 
for the suppression of Prussianism. Doctor 
Case is at present a trustee of the Metho- 
dist Church and was for several years 
superintendent of its Sabbath School and 
for five years has taught the adult Bible 
Class as alternate with John Travis. 

Doctor Case has had an ideally happy 
home life and with three living children 
he and his wife also renew their youth 
and the memories of their own children 
in four grandchildren. November 16, 
1870, Doctor Case, soon after he entered 
upon active practice as a physician, married 
Miss Elizabeth DeMotte. ]\Irs. Case was 
formerly a teacher of music, choir leader 
and Sabbath School and church worker, 
the latter interests still continuing. Five 
children were born to them, death claim- 
ing three. Those living are Miss Jessie 
and Clarence DeJIotte. Miss Jessie has 
been a teacher of piano in Tudor Hall at 
Indianapolis for several years and is a 



musician of great technical ability and most 
.successful as a teacher. The son, Clarence 
Deilotte, holds a responsible position in 
the proof reading rooms of Sears, Roebuck 
& Company at Chicago, where he has been 
employed for five and a half years. Lauren 
Wilber, a younger son, was an invalid in 
New Mexico, his ill health being the result 
of exposure during the Spanish-American 
war, and his death occurred on the 7th of 
December, 1918. Both sons were married. 
Clarence D. is the father of three bright 
boys and a beautiful daughter. The 
youngest of these grandchildren is a four 
year old boy with overflowing vitality and 
a tremendous bump of inquisitiveness. 

Lincoln Hesler had a career as a law- 
yer and citizen such as all thinking people 
must admire. He was best known in the 
counties of Fountain and ]Montgomery, 
where for over a quarter of a century he 
practiced law. For twelve years before 
his death his home was in CrawfordsviUe. 

A well rounded and sincere tribute to his 
life is found in the words of a memorial 
resolution drawn up and presented by a 
committee of the Montgomery County Bar 
in the following language: 

"Lincoln Hesler, son of William and 
Matilda Hesler, was born in Fountain 
County, Indiana, August 21, 1862, and de- 
parted this life at CrawfordsviUe Novem- 
ber 3, 1918. He was married to Jennie 
Sumner December 6, 1883. His widow and 
two sons, Russell L. and Herbert S., who 
at the time of his death were both in the 
United States military service, survive him. 

"Mr. Hesler was graduated from De- 
Pauw University at Greencastle in 1884, 
being while there a member of the Phi 
Delta Theta fraternity, and in January of 
that year was admitted to practice law and 
became a member of the Fountain County 
bar. He was engaged in the active practice 
of his chosen profession for a period of 
twenty-seven years and then ver>' reluct- ■ 
antly closed his office after his health had 
failed and his physician had advised that 
he would have to give up the practice. For 
twenty-one years he practiced in Fountain 
County and for six years in Montgomery 
County. He never sought political prefer- 
ment biit during the greater portion of 
the period of his practice he was attorney 
for the City of Veedersburg. He did not 
enter the practice for the purpose of mak- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1305 



ing money, or with a view to gaining a 
reputation as a great lawyer, but because 
of his fondness for the science of law. Tt 
was fascinating to him and he enjoyed it. 
He regarded law as a science — a human 
method of dealing out justice between men. 
He w^s ethical in his practice, fair to his 
colleagues and loyal to his clients. In his 
death the IMontgomery County Bar has 
lost one of its most loyal and conscientious 
members, the community an honest and 
patriotic citizen." 

Mr. Hesler's parents, William and Ma- 
tilda (Furr) Hesler, were both natives of 
Kentucky, and they and their four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters, Jacob, 
Ida, Serina and Lincoln, are all now de- 
ceased. 

Mrs. Lincoln Hesler was born at Coving- 
ton, Indiana, April 27, 1865, a daughter of 
Alvah and Emily (Booe) Sumner. Her 
father was a native of Ohio, born ]\larch 
26, 1828, and came to Indiana with his 
parents at the age of nineteen. He spent 
his active life as a cabinet maker and he 
made all the furniture with which he and 
his bride began housekeeping. He died in 
1916. Mrs. Hesler's mother was born De- 
cember 26, 1830, in New Liberty, Indiana, 
and died November 28, 1908. In the Sum- 
ner family were four children, three sons 
and one daughter: Alfonso, now a mer- 
chant at Waynetown, Indiana: Will H., a 
merchant-tailor at Peru, Indiana ; Frank, 
deceased ; Jennie May. 

The older of two sons, Russell Lowell 
was born at Veedersburg, Indiana, June 5, 
1893. He graduated from the Crawfords- 
ville High School in 1912 and from Wa- 
bash College with the class of 1917. He was 
a member of the Kappa Sigma fraternity. 
Immediately after leaving Wabash he 
entered the First Officers Training Camp 
at Fort Benjamin Harrison, and received 
his coveted position as a second lieutenant. 
He was first assigned to depot brigade duty 
at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky, and 
was transferred to the school of arms for 
special instruction at Camp Perry, Ohio, 
where he was awarded a medal as a sliarp 
shooter. Then came his later a-ssignment 
as instructor of arms at Camp Cody, New 
Mexico, where he remained at his post of 
duty until the close of the war. 

Herbert Sumner Hesler, the younger son, 
wa.s born at Veedersburg, November 24, 
1897. He graduated from the Crawfords- 



ville High School in 1915 and then entered 
Wabash College. He was also a member of 
the Kappa Sigma fraternity. During 1918 
he took special intensive military training 
for three months at Harvard Universjty, 
and was then assigned as a sergeant and in- 
structor in the Students Army Training 
Corps at Wabash College. November 13th, 
two days after the signing of the armistice, 
he was selected to enter Camp Grant to 
train for a commission. 

The Hesler home is at 222 West Main 
Street in Crawfordsville, and it was there 
that Mr. Hesler after retiring from law 
practice spent his time in delightful com- 
panionship with his family, his books and 
his friends. He was a member of the 
Christian Church, the Masonic Order and 
the Tribe of Ben-Hur. 

DuMONT Kennedy. For more than half 
a century the Crawfordsville bar has been 
honored by the services and talents of the 
Kennedy 'family. Dumont Kennedy has 
practiced law there for thirty years or more 
and is a son of the late Peter S. Kennedy, 
one of Indiana's stalwart lawyers and 
citizens during the middle years of the 
last century. 

Dumont Kennedy was born in a log 
house at Danville, Indiana, July 12, 1861, 
son of Peter S. and Emily (Talbot) Ken- 
nedy. Peter S. Kennedy was born in Bour- 
lion County, Kentucky, July 10, 1829, son 
of Joseph Kennedy. His early life was 
spent in a pioneer time and environment, 
and his attainments w^ere largely a measure 
of his individual exertions as a youth. At 
the age of twenty he was teaching school 
after a hard earned education, and he 
utilized all his leisure time to study law. 
He became not only a successful attorney 
but was a prolific writer on legal subjects. 
He was frequently called upon to serve as 
a special judge of the district. From 1856 
to 1858 he was prosecuting attorney of the 
Indianapolis Circuit, having been elected 
on the republican ticket. For many years 
he enjoyed a large private practice in 
Crawfordsville, where he died September 
7, 1903. Masonry and Odd Fellowship 
constituted his religion. During the Civil 
war he organized a company for the Sev- 
enth Indiana Regiment, and was with his 
command as a lieutenant. In 1874 he rep- 
resented Montgomery County in the In- 
diana State Legislature. Peter S. Kennedy 



INDIANA AND INDIAXANS 



and wife were married near Lexington, 
Kentucky, October 6, 1853. They had 
three sons and three daughters : Bettie Tal- 
bot, deceased ; Joseph Courtney, now of 
Lewiston, Idaho ; Schuj'ler Colfax, de- 
ceased : Dumont ; Katie, wife of C. A. 
Foresman, of North Yakima, Washington ; 
and Ora Leigh, matron of the State Nor- 
mal School at Lewiston, Idaho. 

Diimont Kennedy was three years old 
when his parents came to Montgomery 
County, and he has been a resident of that 
County ever since. He graduated from the 
Crawfordsville High School with the class 
of 1882 and studied law in his father's 
office. He also had some early experience 
as a teacher. After admission to the bar 
he took up active practice, and in 1894 
wa.s elected prosecuting attorney of Mont- 
gomery County, being reelected in 1806. 
In 1900 he was elected clerk of the Mont- 
gomery Circuit Court and by reelection in 
1904 served eight years. An unsolicited 
honor and a tribute to his citizenship came ' 
to him in 1917 when he was elected mavor 
of Crawfordsville, an office he still holds. 
Mr. Kennedy is a republican. His success 
and achievements as a lawyer are the re- 
sult of long concentration and work, but 
through it all he has kept many livelv in- 
terests in varied affairs outside his legal 
profession. ]Mr. Kennedy owns a beautiful 
suburban home near Crawfordsville, com- 
prising sixteen acres. There he has the 
land and opportunity to allow him full 
bent in the culture of flowers, fruits and 
stock and the enjoyment of outdoor life. 
He has always had a keen interest in his- 
tory-, both general and local, has been 
president of the Montgomery County His- 
torical Society since 1910, and in his home 
has a rare collection of historic relics of 
various kinds. He is a member of the 
ilasonic Order and the Knights of Pythias. 

June 23, 1897, Mr. Kennedy married 
Miss ]\Iary E. Wilhite, a talented daughter 
of Eleazer A. and Mary (HoUoway) Wil- 
hite. ]Mrs. Kennedy was born in Crawfords- 
ville, June 6, 1867, graduated from high 
school and later from the Boston School of 
Oratory, and for seven years was a teacher 
until her marriage. i\Ir. and IMrs. Kennedy 
have one daughter, Emilv Elizabetli, born 
September 5, 1906. 

Hon. James Atwell ]Mount was a gov- 
ernor of Indiana whose administration 



had the lireadth and vigor derived from 
long intimate associations with the lives 
and processes of an agricultural commu- 
nity, and also that sea.soned judgment ac- 
quired b\' long experience in dealing with 
• all sorts of people. He served Indiana 
well as chief executive in a period" when 
the economic affairs of the state and its 
people were beset by many complex prob- 
lems. 

He came of pioneer .stock. His father, 
Atwell Mount, was born in Virginia in 
1806. was taken to Kentucky in 1813, and 
in 1826 married Lucinda Fullenwider of 
that state. In 1828 they moved to :Mont- 
gomery County, Indiana, and were among 
the industrious God-fearing, and high- 
minded early settlers of that locality, ac- 
cepting bravely all the responsibilities laid 
upon them by destiny, including the rear- 
ing of twelve children, one of whom, James 
Atwell, was born on the home fanu in 
Montgomery County in 1843. The sources 
of his early inspiration were the familiar 
scenes and experiences of an average 
farmer boy. He had to do work requiring 
muscular skill and keen intelligence, be- 
came self-reliant, prompt, obedient and 
trustful. From the qu'et life of the farm 
he was suddenly transferred to scenes of 
violence and warfare at the age of nineteen, 
when he enlisted in 1862 in the Seventy- 
Second Indiana Infantry. This was part 
of the famous Wilder 's Brigade. General 
Wilder himself subsequently testified to the 
bravery of young Mount in volunteering 
twice for the skirmish line at Chickamauga, 
when to do so was almost certain death. 
The regimental hi.story says that James A. 
Mount was the first skirmisher of Sher- 
man's army to cross the Chattahoochee 
River at Rosw^ll, Georgia, at daylight, 
July 9, 1864. Even when ill from measles 
he marched through da.vs of incessant rain 
and for three years missed not a single 
march, skirmish or battle. 

After the war he used his limited means 
for a year of study at the Presb>-terian 
Academy at Lebanon, Indiana. He made 
that year count two years so far as progress 
in his studies was concerned. 

In 1867 he married, and with no capital 
beyond a well trained mind and ability to 
work hard he started farming. The story 
of what he experienced and accomplished 
as a farmer is perhaps most significant of 
any that throws light on his character, and 





'^2^^tu^ ^V//if^^^>i.^C~' 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1307 



may be told in detail. The young husband 
and wife determined at once upon farm 
life. The heavy rental imposed upon them 
was enough to discourage them, since they 
had to pay half of all the grain sold and 
half of ail the money realized from the 
sale of livestock. He also did much work 
in improving the land, for which of course 
he had no remuneration from his land- 
lord. His neighbors urged him to go west, 
where he could obtain cheap land and thus 
avoid the toll laid by landlordism in In- 
diana. While this would have been a per- 
fectly honorable way out, he chose to re- 
main in his native state. Gradually a 
change came over the farm ; unremitting 
work, coupled with excellent managerial 
ability, made themselves felt in the way of 
heavier crops, larger sales of livestock, well 
drained tields and cultivated meadows. The 
young farmer seemed to have the touch of 
Midas, and all things prospered. At the 
end of seven years the stock and imple- 
ments were bought and the rent paid in 
cash. Three years later he became owner 
of the farm, though its purchase involved 
a debt of about $12,000. At the end of 
five years the debt was paid. In 1895, 
twentj'-eight years after he began as a 
lessee, he was proprietor of 500 acres of 
land and had erected a home of modern 
style and beauty costing over $8,000. He 
and h's wife were valuable examples of 
what farm life mav become. Thev were 
both imbued with the idea of elevating the 
standard of country life in point of con- 
venience and beauty. ]Mr. ]Mount always 
regarded agriculture as the ideal life, and 
his success led him to offer his experience 
as a guide and help to others. He became 
widely known as a lecturer before Farmers 
Institutes, and long before his name was 
considered in connection with high pub- 
lie office he had done much to mold and 
influence the destiny of the state as an 
agricultural center. 

In politics he was a republican and in 
1888 was nominated by that party for the 
office of state senator. He was elected 
in a district normally democratic and 
served four years with distinction. In 1896 
he was brought forward as a candidate 
for governor. There were twelve aspirants 
for the nomination. It was a historic con- 
vention, and James A. Blount was nomi- 
nated for srovernor on the seventh ballot. 
His candidacv aroused great enthu-^iasm 



and brought him a support probably never 
before nor never since accorded a repub- 
lican candidate. He was elected by a larger 
plurality than had ever been given to either 
a presidential or gubernatorial candidate. 
This is not the place to enter upon an ex- 
tended account of his official administra- 
tion. However, it should be noted that he 
came into the governor's chair following a 
period of hard times, and his cour.se was 
marked by complete fidelity to the prin- 
ciples which have so often been urged in 
political campaigns but less frequently car- 
ried out after elections — a course of econ- 
omy consistent with efficient administra- 
tion. Governor- Mount stood bravely 
against all interests in insisting upon Ut- 
most economy in every department of his 
administration. It was his faithfulness to 
duty and his broad sympathies that more 
than anything else distinguished his four 
years as governor. 

He entered upon his administration in 
January, 1897, and he retired from the 
office in January, 1901. Just a day or so 
later, and on the eve of his departure for 
his country home, he died suddenly Janu- 
ary 16, 1901. He was fifty-eight years old. 
From farm boy to governor represented 
a gradation of experience and achievement 
that is a most perfect measure of a com- 
plete and adequate life. 

In 1898 Hanover College honored him 
with the degree Doctor of Laws. He wa.s 
one of the most prominent Presbyterian 
laymen in the state. For several years he 
was officially identified with Winona As.so- 
ciation, and after his death the Mount 
Memorial School Building was erected 
there. He was vice-moderator of the Pres- 
byterian General Assembly in 1898, and 
for a number of years was an elder in his 
home church at Shannondale, and also a 
teacher in the Sunday school. Even after 
going to Indianapolis and with all his du- 
ties and cares as governor, he found time 
to teach a young men's class in Sunday 
school. 

Governor Mount met and married Kate 
A. Boyd at Lebanon in 1867. She was born 
in Boone Coiinty, Indiana, in 1849, and 
had graduated from the Lebanon Academy 
in 1866. She survived her honored hus- 
band only a few years, passing away July 
6, 1905. She was of Revolutionary ances- 
try. 

Governor Z^Iount and wife had tliree 



1308 



INDIANA AND INDIAXAXS 



children, all of whom were reared in the 
atmosphere of a wholesome home and with 
every influence and advantage that could 
prepare them for life's larger responsi- 
bilities. The oldest child, Hallie Lee, is 
the wife of Mr. Charles E. Butler, of Craw- 
fordsville. The second daughter. Helen 
Nesbit. a graduate of Coats CollcQ-e at Terre 
Haute, is the wife of Dr. John W. Nicely, 
a prominent Presbyterian divine. The 
only son, Harry N. ]Mount, graduated from 
Wabash College in ISQ-i, also from the 
Theological Seminary at Princeton, New 
Jersey, and for many years has been in the 
Presbyterian ministry, part, of the time in 
Indiana, but in later years in the far west. 

Charles E. Butler. It has been a. mat- 
ter of frequent congratulation that the 
American farmer when called upon to do 
double dutv in relieving the strain and 
want caused by war time conditions was 
able to make response both quickly and 
abundantly. A response was made not 
only by bringing increa.sed areas into pro- 
duction and by redoubling the amount of 
labor, but also by the exercise of that fund 
of skill and intelligence that ha.s been 
slowly accumulating during recent decades 
and was ready when needed by the body of 
American farmers in general. 

Of that new era of agriculture, and the 
steady climb towards better methods of 
agriculture, one nf the choicest representa- 
tives in Indiana for a number of years has 
been Charles E. Butler of Montgomery 
County. Mr. Butler spent all his life in 
that countv and was born in Franklin 
Township March 7, 1866, son of Mahlon 
and Eunice (Lacy) Butler. His father, 
born in Virginia January 27, 1821, was 
brought to Indiana when six months old. 
Thus the Butlers have been in Indiana 
almost as long as the state itself. In 1834 
the family settled in Montgomery County 
in a Quaker community. Mahlon Butler 
brouEcht his wife from Rush County. In- 
diana, and for over half a century- thev 
lived on the same farm. She died June 27, 
1902, and he passed awav March 5, 1904. 
His was a fine tyne of citizenship, distin- 
guished not by official acti\nty but by the 
performance of commonplace duties of life 
and a steady growth in wisdom. He was 
a republican and was always a steady going 
Quaker. There were five children, Eme- 
line, Emil.v, Jennie, Lindley M. and 



Charles E., all deceased except the latter. 
Charles E. Butler grew up on the home 
farm, was educated in the common schools 
and high school and in Wabash College. 
October 10. 1888, at the age of twenty-two, 
he married Hallie Lee Mount. She was 
born on a neighboring farm in Franklin 
Township of Montgomery County, August 
18, 1868. Her father at the time of her 
marriage was known simply as James At- 
well Mount, a farmer of conspicuous suc- 
cess, who eight years later was elected gov- 
ernor of Indiana. The career of Governor 
Mount is described on other pages of this 
publication. ^Irs. Butler finished her edu- 
cation in a college in Kentucky. She and 
Mr. Butler have three children : Everett, 
born August 18, 1891, since graduating 
from the Crawfordsville High School has 
been a farmer. He is married and resides 
at the Governor Mount home; Lois was 
born July 6, 1897, and Gladys was born 
February 4. 1900. 

Many a fine old family homestead in 
Indiana has lost its identity by division 
and sale after the original owners passed 
away. Mr. and Mrs. Butler have taken 
great pride in preserving the two home- 
steads with which their own lives have 
been identified from birth. Mr. Butler 
owns the farm where he was born and grew 
up and to which his father gave so much 
labor and care in development. They also 
have the original Jlount farm, upon which 
the late Governor IVIount lavished his en- 
ersies and judgment. These two farms 
together constitute nearly five hundred 
acres in Franklin Township, and for years 
it has been the home of blooded livestock 
and all the methods of efficiency which 
have been accepted as standard in the 
management of good farms. Mr. Butler 
has been a student of fanning and stock 
husbandry since early youth, has been of- 
ficially identified with the Farmers Insti- 
tutes, has served as president of the Better 
Farming Association of Montgomery Coun- 
ty, was at one time president of the Agri- 
cultural Society of the county and has been 
secretary of the State Farmers Congress 
of Indiana. He is at present chairman of 
the Montgomer.y County republican party 
and chairman and a member of the state 
committee from the Ninth district. All 
these official associations together with his 
own noteworthy record as a production ex- 
pert in farm management give him a rep- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1309 



utation that is more significant today than 
at any time in history. Mr. Butler is a 
republican, a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, and he and his wife are com- 
municants of the Center Presbyterian 
Church at Crawfordsville. 

Edward Egglkston, author, was born at 
Vevay, Indiana, December 10, 1837. His 
father, Joseph Cary Eggleston, was a Vir- 
ginian, a graduate of William and Mary 
College, and of the Winchester Law School, 
who located at Vevay in 1832, and began 
the practice of law. He held a leading 
.place at the bar; was elected to the State 
Senate in 1840, and was defeated as the 
whig candidate for Congress in 1844. He 
died in 1846, at the age of thirty-four. He 
married, at Vevaj-, Mary J. Craig, daugh- 
ter of Capt. George Craig, one of the ear- 
liest settlers of Switzerland County. She 
was born in the block-house which stood 
on the bank of the Ohio, four miles below 
Vevay. She died June 15, 1857. 

Edward inherited a frail constitution, 
and he had little schooling outside of his 
home, except a brief stay at Amelia Acad- 
emy, Virginia, when he was seventeen. His 
stay in Virginia, as well as brief residences 
in Decatur County, Indiana, and in Min- 
nesota, were in search of health. His was 
a case of early piety. He joined the 
Methodist Church at the age of eleven, and 
at nineteen entered its ministry. After six 
months as a circuit rider in Indiana, he 
again went to Minnesota as a Methodist 
minister, and had charges at St. Paul, 
Stillwater, Winona, and St. Peter. While 
at St. Peter he married Elizabeth Snider, 
,.nd to them were born three daughters. 

In I\Iinnesota his health was so bad that 
in 1866 he was compelled to abandon the 
ministr\\ He located at Evanston, Illi- 
nois, and became editor of "The Little 
Corporal," and a few months later, of 
the "National Sunday-School Teacher." 
Here he began writing stories, and in 1870 
published a collection of these in book form 
under the title, "The Book of Queer Sto- 
ries." This was followed by "Stories 
Told on a Cellar Door." For several years 
he corresponded for the New York Inde- 
pendent, under the name of "Pen 
Holder;" and in May, 1870, was called to 
the position of literary editor of that paper, 
becoming chief editor a few months later, 
on the death of Theodore Tilton. 
Vol. ra— 7 



In July, 1871, he resigned to take edi- 
torial charge of "Hearth and Home," in 
which he published his "Hoosier School- 
master." The original design of this was 
three or four sketches, but it proved so 
popular that he extended it to its full 
form, and i.ssued it in book form on its 
completion. It had a circulation of over 
20,000 the first year and is still in demand ; 
and has been translated into French and 
Danish. In 1872 he resigned his position 
of editor for book work ; but also accepted 
the pastorate of the "Church of Christian 
Endeavor," an independent organization 
in Brooklyn, devoted chiefly to social 
service. 

In 1879 bad health forced the abandon- 
ment of this position. He built a beautiful 
home on Lake George, known as "Owl's 
Nest," to which he retired, and where most 
of his subsequent works were written — 
among them "The End of the World," 
"The Mystery of Metropolisville," "The 
Faith Doctor," "The Hoosier School 
Boy," "Dutfels," "The Circuit Rider," 
"Christ in Literature," "Christ in Art," 
"Roxy," "The Graysons," "History of 
the United States." In conjunction with 
his daughter, Mrs. Lillie Seelye, he pub- 
lished "Famous American Indians" in five 
volumes. He died at Lake George, Sep- 
tember 2, 1902. 

Mr. Eggleston 's portraiture of Hoosier 
character and dialect has attracted much 
comment and criticism, which he answered 
in prefaces of the later editions of his 
books. Perhaps the best statement of the 
original sources of his characters and in- 
cidents is in the "History of Dearborn, 
Ohio and Switzerland Counties" (1885) 
at page 1061. See also "The Indianian," 
Vol. 7, p. 37, and George Cary Eggleston 's 
"The First Hoosier," and "Recollections 
of a Varied Life." 

George C.\rt Eggleston, brother of Ed- 
ward Eggleston (q. v. as to parentage), 
was born at Vevay, Indiana, Novemlier 26, 
1839. He attended college at Asbury, In- 
diana, and Richmond, Virginia; read law 
at Richmond, and was beginning to prac- 
tice when the Civil war began. He enlisted 
in Stuart's "Black Horse Cavalry," but 
was transferred to Longstreet's corps of 
artillery, and remained in that service, 
commanding a mortar fort at the siege of 
Petersburg. After the war he practiced 



1310 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



law at Cairo, Illinois, until 1870, when he 
began new'spaper work on the Brooklyn 
Union. 

In 1871 he joined the staff of "Hearth 
and Home," then edited by Edward Eg- 
gleston, and here wrote his first book, 
"How to Educate Yourself," for Put- 
nam's Handy Book Series. This was soon 
followed by his first novel, "A Man of 
Honor," and his "Eecolleetions of a 
R^bel, " written at the request of Howells 
for the "Atlantic. " He continued in news- 
paper work, as literary editor of the New 
York Evening Post, Commercial Adver- 
tiser, and AVorld; but also found time to 
write for numerous magazines, and to pub- 
lish some thirty books. 

Among his publications are "How to 
Make a Living," "How to Make a Li- 
brary," "The Big Brother," "Captain 
Sam," "The Signal Boys," "The Red 
Eagle," "The Wreck of the Red Bird," 
"Bale Marked Circle X," "American Im- 
mortals," "Blind Alleys," "Camp Ven- 
ture," "A Carolina Cavalier," "Dorothy 
South," "History of the Confederate 
War," "Jack Shelby," "Last of the Flat- 
boats," "Long Knives," "Life in the 
Eighteenth Century," "Southern Soldier 
Stories," "Strange Stories from History." 
"Juggernaut" (in collaboration with Do- 
lores Marbourg), and "Recollections of a 
Varied Life." He edited "American War 
Ballads," and the American edition of 
"Haydn's Dictionary of Dates." 

Mr. Eggleston was married at Cairo, 
September 9, 1868, to Miss Marion Craggs. 
He died at New York, April 14, 1911. His 
"The First Hoosier," and his "Recollec- 
tions" are especially interesting in connec- 
tion w-ith Indiana history and the literai-j' 
life of his time. 

Capt. Henry H. Talbot. It has been 
the gracious privilege of Capt. Henry H. 
Talbot of Crawfordsville to review the emo- 
tions and experiences of the great Ameri- 
can Civil war through which he passed as a 
gallant soldier and officer when he lent his 
energies to the forces of the World war 
when America joined the allies in overcom- 
ing the menace of Prussianism in the world. 
Captain Talbot is now one of the scattered 
remnants of that great army that fought 
against slaveiy more than half a century 
ago, and the honors he achieved as a soldier 
have been repeated again and again as a 



substantial citizen and for many years as 
a practical farmer in Montgomery County. 

He comes of a family of soldiers, pion- 
eers and patriots. He was born at Lexing- 
ton, Fayette County, Kentucky, September 
6, 1841, son of Courtney and Elizabeth 
(Harp) Talbot. His gre^t- grandfather, 
John Kennedy, born October 16, 1742, was 
a soldier in the struggle for independence. 
A grant to nearly 3,000 acres of land on 
Kennedy's Creek in Bourbon County, Ken- 
tucky, was issued to John Kennedy and his 
brother Joseph Kennedy. The record of 
that transaction, a copy of which is in the 
possession of Cajitain Talbot, shows that 
the land was located and surveyed by Maj. 
Daniel Boone, October 16, 1779. 

The paternal grandfather of Captain 
Talbot was Nicholas Talbot, born in Vir- 
ginia November 10, 1781. He was an early 
settler in Kentucky, where his son Court- 
ney was born September 3, 1804. Elizabeth 
Harp was born in Favette Countv, Ken- 
tucky, July 14, 1813. 

The Tal'bots of Kentucky were planters 
and slave owners, and Captain Talbot was 
the only one of the family to espouse the 
cause of the Union in the Civil war, a num- 
ber of his relatives having fought on the 
other side. Captain Talbot was twenty 
years old when the war broke out. His 
earlier life had been spent on the farm, 
with a practical education in the common 
schools. At the very outbreak of the war 
he enlisted in a three months' regiment, 
and later became a member of Company C, 
Seventh Kentucky Cavalry. , His first 
battle was at Richmond, Kentucky, August 
30, 1862. Upon the cavalry arm of the 
Federal forces devolved some of the most 
hazardous and responsible duties in con- 
nection with waging the war in the Miss- 
issippi Valley. Thus Captain Talbot was 
exposed to many more dangers than those 
encountered by the average soldier in in- 
fantry commands, and for nearly three 
years was riding about over many states 
of the Central South, scouting, raiding, 
guarding lines of communication. Some 
• of his hardest service was against Long- 
street around Kuoxville, Tennessee, in the 
winter of 1863-64. He was in the Wilson 
cavalry raid, which started from Eastport, 
Mississippi, and ended with Captain Tal- 
bot's regiment in Florida. He was also in 
the Atlanta campaign, and fought in the 
last battle of the war at Westpoint, 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



1311 



Georgia, April 16, 1865. He was mustered 
out at Nashville July 17, 1865. Captain 
Talbot was twice wounded, once through 
the right breast and once through the right 
leg. Soldierlj^ conduct, bravery and ef- 
ficiency won him several promotions, be- 
ing advanced to the rank of second lieuten- 
ant and later to captain of his company. 

When the war was over Captain Talbot, 
a veteran soldier, returned to his Kentucky 
home and resumed farming, but a few years 
later moved to Montgomery County, In- 
diana, where he acquired a large farm near 
Crawfordsville. He has been one of the 
leading stock raisers in that community 
and all branches of farming have appealed 
to him and he has long been recognized as 
a master of those arts concerned in making 
the soil produce abundantly. For many 
years he has enjoyed one of the best coun- 
try homes of the county. 

During this time he has allied himself 
constantly with the elements of progress. 
In politics he has been a steadfast republi- 
can, though in 1912 he supported the pro- 
gressive ticket. He served one terra as a 
member of the County Council. For two 
terms he was commander of McPherson 
Post No. 7, Grand Army of the Republic 
at Crawfordsville. He has been a Mason 
in good standing for more than half a cen- 
tury, being affiliated with Montgomery 
Lodge No. 50, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons. 

On June 6, 1872, Captain Talbot married 
Miss Hettie A. Evans, daughter of Rev. 
Samuel and Mary (Woodruff) Evans, of 
Waveland, Indiana. They became the par- 
ents of two daughters. May Wood and 
Ethel. Ethel is the widow of Wallace 
Sparks, a former clerk of Montgomery 
County. 

James Bernard Wallace, in the opinion 
of his fellow citizens at Newcastle, is one 
of the most successful business men of the 
city, and his success as a merchant has 
been accompanied by a corresponding 
prominence in local politics. He is a for- 
mer city treasurer and county treasurer 
and an acknowledged leader in the demo- 
cratic party of Henry County. 

Mr. Wallace's chief business is as a 
wholesale and retail dealer in bakery goods, 
confectionery and ice cream. He was born 
at Union City, Indiana, July 25. 1872, a 
son of Patrick and Catheri""-? (O'Learj') 



Wallace. His father was born in Ireland 
and at the age of fifteen came to America, 
settling in Jersey City, New Jersey. Later 
he moved to Union City, Indiana, and 
spent the rest of his life there. He died 
in 1916 and his wife passed away in 1889. 

James B. Wallace attended the parochial 
schools at Union City and for two years 
was a student in St. iMary's Institute at 
Dayton, Ohio. He began his career as a 
railroad man, working in different capaci- 
ties for the Big Four Railway Company, 
and eventually being made yardmaster at 
Union City, one of the important junction 
points of the railroad. He held that 
position nine years, but in 1901, when he 
came to Newcastle, he opened a confec- 
tionery store at 1309 :Main Street. He 
.sold his own products of confectionery and 
ice cream, and his rapid success in the busi- 
ness encouraged him to open a branch store 
at 1217 Race Street. He continued both 
establishments until 1908. 

When Mr. Wallace entered politics he 
gave up his business. He was elected in 
1908 city treasurer over a republican can- 
didate in a normally republican city, and 
filled that office capably four years. In 
1912, as candidate for county treasurer on 
the democratic ticket, he was elected for a 
term of two years, but in 1914 the republi- 
can tide was too strong and he was defeated 
by a small margin. Soon after leaving 
office, on December 20, 1915, Mr. Wallace 
resumed business, establishing a new 
bakery, confectionery and ice cream store 
at 1407-9 Broad Street. He has developed 
not only a large local retail trade, but sells 
his goods wholesale to manj^ groceries 
throughout Henry County. 

In 1905 ilr. Wallace married Eleanor 
Walsh, daughter of John Walsh of ^Marion, 
Ohio. She died in 1906, and in 1914 he 
married Margaret New, daughter of John 
New of Greenfield, Indiana. ]\Ir. Wallace 
has served as a delegate to various demo- 
cratic state conventions. He is affiliated 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, Improved Order of Red Men and 
Fraternal Order of Eagles at Newcastle, 
and is a member of St. Ann's Catholic 
Cliurch. 

John D. Govgar. In the space allotted 
for that purpose it is difficult to estimate 
at all adequately the character and services 
of John D. Gougar, dean of the Lafayette 



1312 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



bar, and one of the few men still active in 
his profession who took his first case before 
the Civil war. From whatever standpoint 
it may be viewed his lias been nothing less 
than a remarkable life, an encouragement 
and inspiration to all who may read this 
record. 

He was born near Cireleville, Ohio, De- 
cember 10, 1836, son of Daniel and Hannah 
(Dunkle) Gougar. When he was five years 
of age in 1841 the parents moved to Tippe- 
canoe County, Indiana. More than thirty 
years had passed since the Indians made 
their notable stand here in the night attack 
upon General Harrison's army, and yet a 
large part of the county's area was un- 
cleared and unsettled, and the first night 
the Gougar family passed in a log cabin 
on what is now the campus of Purdue Uni- 
versity. This log cabin and the laud it 
occupied was then owned by George Gou- 
gar, a brother of Daniel Gougar. Daniel 
Gougar bought a farm for himself on the 
Wea plains, and lived there until 1850, 
when he died. His widow and her two chil- 
dren then returned to Ohio. 

John D. Gougar spent only the j'ears 
from 184:1 to 1850 in Tippecanoe county, 
and while here was a pupil in the district 
schools. His further education was com- 
pleted in Ohio, and in 1859 he graduated 
from Heidelberg University at TifSn, Ohio. 

Late in 1859 he returned to some of the 
scenes of his youthful years at Lafayette, 
and took up the study of law with the well 
known fiimi of Chase & Wilstach. On May 
24, 1860, lie was admitted to the bar, and 
while most of his contemporaries long since 
laid down their briefs he is at this writing, 
at the age of eighty-one, still in active prac- 
tice, the oldest member of the Lafayette 
bar and possessed of the profound respect 
and warm friendship of the entire com- 
munity of that city. 

Apart from the high position he has en- 
joyed in the legal profession and the mate- 
rial success that has come to him, one of the 
most stimulating and encouraging features 
of his life history is the fact that he was 
able to overcome the handicap of an ex- 
ceedingly frail constitution during his 
childhood and early youth and live to ad- 
vanced years filled with worthy achieve- 
ments. The primary reason for this un- 
doubtedly has been that he has lived on 
the high plane of absolute temperance, and 



has never in any form used intoxicating 
liquors nor tobacco. 

While it is difficult to do justice to the 
life and attainments of Mr. Gougar in such 
brief space, that difficulty is increased 
when reference is made to his honored and 
greatly beloved wife, the late Helen Mar 
(Jackson) Gougar, although there are so 
many permanent associations with her 
name and work in Indiana that the brevity 
of this paragraph will be excused. Mr. 
Gougar and Miss Helen Mar Jackson were 
united in mai-riage December 10, 1863. 
She was a member of a remarkable famil.y, 
and herself one of the most brilliant women 
who can be claimed by Indiana. She was 
a native of Michigan, born near Hillsdale, 
educated at Hillsdale College. Her life 
was one long, incessant battle in behalf of 
temperance and against the forces and 
iniquities of the liquor traffic. She was an 
equally able advocate of woman suffrage. 
She possessed abundant powers as an 
original writer, contributed frequently to 
prominent periodicals, but her great forte 
was as a speaker. Among the women of her 
day she had no equal as an orator and few 
men could keep an audience so completely 
within the spell of their words and logic as 
did she. She went about all over the coun- 
try, pleading the cause of temperance and 
of many reforms, and frequently addressed 
legislatures of different states on some re- 
form measure. While she believed in and 
worked for political equality, the value of 
her services were chiefly felt by women in 
what she did to relieve woman of the 
economic burdens long borne by her. When 
Mrs. Gougar began her work a married 
woman in man>- of our states was practi- 
cally the undisputed chattel of her hus- 
band, who could exercise his will with her 
children and her property, and it was in 
securing something like justice and a fair 
recognition of woman 's responsibilities and 
privileges over her own property in the 
eyes of tlie law that Mrs. Gougar accom- 
plished a work for which womankind must 
always be grateful. 

Because of her prominence she was asso- 
ciated in the same class with and was a 
valued friend and adviser of such great 
women leaders as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 
Susan B. Anthony and others of her gen- 
eration. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gougar during her life 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1313 



wei-e veritable globe trotters, and visited 
almost every country of the world. They 
knew America thoroughly from the far 
north to ]\Iexieo and acquired extensive 
knowledge of European countries and 
fspci-ially the countries around the Medi- 
terranean. In 1900 they visited Honolulu, 
Samoa, New Zealand, Australia and Tas- 
mania, and in 1902 circled the globe, tak- 
ing ten months for the journey. During 
this tour they saw the best of everything 
from North Cape to the East Indies. Ou 
their return Mrs. Gougar wrote "Forty 
Thousand Miles of World Wandering." a 
record of her own experiences and observa- 
tion as a traveler. This is still one of the 
popular books of travel, and is profusely 
illustrated by pictures made by herself. 

ilrs. Gougar died suddenly on the morn- 
ing of June 6, 1907, at the age of nearly 
sixty-four. Since her death Mr. Gougar 
has continued his travels. His longest jour- 
ney was in 1910-11 in South America. He 
traveled over seventeen thousand miles, 
crossing the crest of the Andes Mountains 
five times, and traveling the wonderful 
Oroyo railway to a height of 15,66.5 feet. 
He saw the capitals, principal cities and 
most points of interest both in the Mid 
Continent and along the coast of South 
America. 

Joseph Shannon Nave. There has prob- 
ably not been a session of Circuit Court in 
Fountain County during the last forty 
years at which Joseph Shannon Nave has 
not appeared as counsellor for some of the 
cases tried. He is at once one of the oldest 
as well as the ablest lawyers of the Foun- 
tain county bar, and he is one of the digni- 
fied representatives of the profession in the 
state. 

His people have been identified with this 
county since pioneer days. Jlr. Nave was 
born on a farm in Shawnee Township of 
Fountain County September 17, 1851, a 
son of John and Hannah J. (ShaTinon) 
Nave. His mother was of Irish stock, and 
a daughter of Thomas Shannon, who bore 
arms in the War of 1812 and grand- 
daughter of Samuel Shannon, who helped 
the colonies establish independence in the 
Revolution. Both served as officers in 
tho.se wars. 

John Nave was born in Butler County, 
Ohio, in 1826, son of John and Margaret 
(Umbarger) Nave, both of whom were 



natives of Virginia. The Nave family is 
of Swiss ancestry. John Nave, Sr., brought 
his family to Fountain County in 1828, and 
acquired a tract of the uncleared Govern- 
ment land then so plentiful in this state. 
(~)n that farm John Nave, Jr., was reared, 
and he lived the life of a farmer until 1867, 
when he removed to Attica and handled 
his property from that point. He died 
April 17, 1872. He and his wife were mar- 
ried in 1850, in Virginia, where she was 
born in 1831. She died at Attica January 
17, 1910. There were two sons, Joseph 
Shannon and Raymond M. The latter, who 
was born August 17, 1853, graduated from 
Indiana University with the class of 1875, 
and is now manager of a large amount of 
property in Fountain County, his home be- 
ing at Attica. He married in 1881 Minnie 
Ray, a native of Attica, and they have two 
children, Robert and John Kirk. 

Joseph Shannon Nave lived on the old 
farm until 1867. and while there attended 
rural schools. He fini.shed his literary edu- 
cation in Indiana University, graduating 
in the scientific course in 1872. Later he 
attended the law school of the University 
of Michigan, and was admitted to practice 
in 1874. From that year he has been iden- 
tified with the bar of Fountain County and 
besides carrying heav.y burdens a.s a lawyer 
has been active in public affairs and has 
directed some large business interests. In 
politics he has always been a democrat. 
From 1879 to 1883 he represented Foun- 
tain County in the State Legislature and 
made a most creditable record in that body, 
being member of several important com- 
mittees. 

ilr. Nave has large propert.v interests in 
Fountain County and also at Wichita, Kan- 
sas. He is a director of the Farmers and 
Merchants State Bank of Attica. Frater- 
nally he is affiliated with the Masonic Or- 
der and is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. 

September 30, 1879, Mr. Nave married 
Miss Jennie Isabel Rice, who was born at 
Rockvillc, Indiana, daughter of Thomas N. 
and ilargaret (Digby) Rice. Thomas N. 
Rice, her father, was a prominent lawyer 
of Parke County, Indiana, and died at 
Rockville in 1904. He represented his 
county both in the Lower House and in 
the State Senate, ilr. and Mrs. Nave have 
two daughters, Margaret Isabel and Bea- 
trice Shannon. The older is the wife of 



1314 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Louis L. Johnson, who was born in Morgan 
County, Indiana. They have two children, 
Isabel Nave and Shannon Meredith. Bea- 
trice S. is the wife of Clement B. Isly, of 
Attica, Indiana. 

Judge Edwin P. Hammond, former jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of Indiana, an 
honored soldier and officer of the Union 
army, lawyer of over half a century's ex- 
perience, has been characterized as one of 
the broadest, strongest and most honored 
representatives of either bench or bar who 
ever graced the profession in Jasper 
County, where for over thirty years he 
practiced as a resident of Rensselaer. Since 
1894 Judge Hammond has been a resident 
of Lafayette. 

He was born at Brookville, Indiana, No- 
vember 26, 1835, a son of Nathaniel and 
Hannah (Sering) Hammond. The Ham- 
monds are an old New England family. 
Nathaniel Hammond came to Indiana from 
Vermont, and wai3 married at Brookville. 
When Judge Hammond was fourteen years 
old his parents moved to Columbus, In- 
diana, where he was educated in the com- 
mon schools and in a seminary. The year 
1854 found him emploj'ed as clerk in a 
wholesale dry goods store at Indianapolis. 
He was soon attracted from a business 
■career to the law and began study at Terre 
Haute in the office of Abram A. Hammond 
and Thomas H. Nelson. Abram A. Ham- 
mond, a half-brother of Judge Hammond, 
was elected lieutenant governor of Indiana 
in 1856, and on the death of Governor 
Willard in 1859 became virtual governor. 
In 1856 Judge Hammond, after examina- 
tion, was admitted to the senior law class 
of Asbury, now DePauw, University at 
Greencastle, where he was graduated LL. B. 
in 1857. The next year he was admitted to 
the bar and in search for a location chose 
the isolated and prairie settlement of Rens- 
selaer in Jasper County. There he con- 
tinued to live and labor for more than 
thirty years and in that time built up a 
reputation which extended all over the 
state, both as a sound and able lawyer and 
as one of the foremost jurists of Indiana. 

His practice at Kensselaer was inter- 
rupted by his prompt enlistment for the 
three months' service at the outbreak of 
the Civil war. In April, 1861, he went to 
the front as second lieutenant of Company 
G, Ninth Indiana Infantry, and was after- 



wards commissioned first lieutenant, serv- 
ing under that great and brilliant soldier 
of Indiana, Robert H. Milroy, who rose to 
the rank of brigadier general. At the close 
of his military service in West Virginia, 
ninety days later, Mr. Hammond resumed 
his law practice at Rensselaer, and in 
October, 1861, was elected without oppo- 
sition to the Lower House of the Legisla- 
ture as a representative for the counties of 
Newton, Jasper and Pulaski. In August, 
1862, he assisted in recruiting Company A 
of the Eighty-seventh Indiana Infantry, 
was elected and commissioned its captain, 
March 22, 1863, rose to the rank of major, 
and November 21st of the same year to 
lieutenant colonel. Except for a short time 
in 1863-64, when at home recruiting volun- 
teers, he was at the front continuously, and 
when the colonel of the regiment was placed 
at the head of the brigade Mr. Hammond 
was advanced to command of the Eighty- 
seventh, and so continued in the campaigns 
from Chattanooga to Atlanta, in the march 
to the sea and up through the Carolinas to 
Washington. At the battle of Chiekamauga 
September 19 and 20, 1863, his regiment 
went into the engagement witli 363 men, 
and lost in killed and wounded 199 men, 
more than half the number. At the close 
of the war, on the recommendation of his 
brigade, division and corps commanders, he 
was brevetted colonel in the LTnited States 
Volunteers, "for gallant and meritorious 
service during the war." 

Colonel Hammond resumed his practice 
at Rensselaer and in a few years had earned 
a high and substantial professional stand- 
ing and a large practice. In March, 1873, 
Gov. Thomas A. Hendricks appointed him 
to the position of judge of the Thirtieth Ju- 
dicial District, to which office he was elected 
in the fall of the same j'ear. Again in 1878 
he was elected without opposition for a 
term of six years. On May 14, 1883, 
Judge Hammond was appointed by Gov. A. 
G. Porter as a justice of the Supreme 
Court of the state to fill a vacancj' caused 
by the elevation of Hon. William A. Woods 
to the United States District Bench. Judge 
Hammond in the fall of 1884 was the nomi- 
nee of the republican party for judge of 
the Supreme Court from the Fifth District, 
but was defeated along with the rest of the 
ticket. Judge Hammond retired from the 
Supreme Court Bench in January, 1885, 
with a judicial record and personal popu- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1315 



larity which few have equalled. A high 
testimonial to his individual attainments 
and popularity was in the fact that in 1884 
he received 5,000 more votes than did the 
head of the ticket in Indiana. During the 
next five years he practiced law at Rens- 
selaer, and then served again as circuit 
judge from 1890 to 1892. Resigning from 
the bench in August, 1892, Judge Ham- 
mond formed a partnership with Charles 
B. and William V. Stuart of Lafayette 
under the firm name of Stuart Brothers & 
Hammond, with offices at Lafayette and 
with Judge Hammond in charge of the 
firm's business at Rensselaer. In 1894 
Judge Hammond removed to Lafayette and 
as a member of the firm Stuart, Hammond 
& Stuart continued to sustain his well 
earned reputation as one of the foremost 
lawyers of Indiana. In 1892 Waba.sh Col- 
lege conferred upon Judge Hammond the 
degree LL. D. 

Prior to the war he was a democrat, but 
afterward supported the principles of the 
republican party and in 1872 was a dele- 
gate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion when Cleneral Grant was renominated 
for the second term. Judge Hammond be- 
came affiliated with the Masonic Order, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Grand Army of the Republic, the LTnion 
Veteran Legion and the Loyal Legion, and 
for many years served as a member of the 
board of managers of tlie National Home 
for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. He also 
has membershii) in the Lafayette and Lin- 
coln clubs at Lafayette. 

March 1, 1864, Judge Hammond married 
Mary V. Spitler of Rensselaer. The sur- 
viving children of their marriage are: 
Lonie, wife of William B. Austin; Eugenia 
and Nina V. R. Hammond. Judge Ham- 
mond has a grandchild, Virgie, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. William B. Austin. He also 
has a grandson, Nathaniel Hammond Hov- 
ner, son of his deceased daughter, Mrs. Ed- 
ward A. Hovner. He served in the avia- 
tion corps of the I'nited States of America 
in the world's conflict. 

Frank Gilmer, a prominent young law- 
.yer, now serving as city judge of South 
Bend, came to Indiana from Virginia, 
where his people for several generations 
have been prominent as soldiers, profession- 
al men, planters and as private citizens. 

His great-grandfather, George Gilmer, 



was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, 
a son of Scotch parents who were colonial 
settlers. George Gilmer was a physician, a 
contemporary and friend of Thomas Jeffer- 
son and served as a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionarj' war. 

George Gilmer, Jr., also a native of Al- 
bemarle County, became a planter, and 
conducted a large estate on the James 
River, about ten miles from Charlottesville. 
Though in advanced years he served the 
Confederate cause during the war. He 
died in Virginia when about seventy-nine 
years of age. His wife was a member of 
the prominent Walker family of Virginia. 
Her death occurred when about seventy. 

Judge Gilmer's father was also named 
Frank Gilmer and was born in Albemarle 
County, Virginia, in 1853. He graduated 
from the law department of the University 
of Virginia, and on being admitted to the 
bar began practice at Charlottesville and 
attained prominence in his profession. For 
twenty-two years he was prosecuting at- 
torney for Albemarle Count.y. He died lu 
October, 1917. The maiden name of his 
wife was Rebecca Haskell. She was born 
at Columbia, South Carolina, daughter of 
Major Alexander Haskell, who served with 
the rank of major in the Confederate army 
and later became prominent in business 
affairs at Columbia, being a banker and 
railroad president. Frank and Rebecca 
Gilmer had two sons, George and Frank. 
George is a graduate of the University of 
Virginia Law School and is now a soldier 
in the National Army. 

Judge Frank Gilmer, who was born at 
Charlottesville, Virginia, received his early 
education in private schools at Charlottes- 
ville and also attended the University of 
Virginia. He determined to make his ca- 
reer in the Middle West, and on coming to 
Indiana he entered the law department of 
Valparaiso University, where he graduated 
in 1912. He has since carried increasing 
burdens and responsibilities as a lawyer at 
South Bend, and was elected judge of the 
Citv Court for the term beginning in Janu- 
ary, 1918. 

In 1915 Judge Gilmer married Rachel 
Seabrook, a native of Greensboro, North 
Carolina, and daughter of Josiah Seabrook. 
Mr. Gilmer is a member of South Bend 
Lodge No. 294, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, South Bend Chapter No. 29 Royal 
Arch Masons, South Bend Council No. 82 



1316 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Royal and Select Masters, South Bend 
Lodge No. 235, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows No. 29, and South Bend Lodge 
No. 14, Knights of P.^-thias. Both he and 
his wife are members of the First Presby- 
terian Church. 

William T. Cannon, former secretary 
and treasurer of the Indianapolis Union 
Railroad Company, is a veteran railroad 
man, having been identified with the busi- 
ness through the successive grades of em- 
ployment and executive position for more 
than forty years. 

While he has been with the Union Com- 
pany more than thirty yeai-s and has grown 
gray in its service, Mr. Cannon doubtless 
takes his chief pride and satisfaction in 
his long and active connection with the 
Railroad Men's Building and Saving-s As- 
sociation, of which he was one of the lead- 
ing promoters and organizers and with 
which he has been identified in executive 
capacity throughout the thirty-two years 
of its existence. He was its secretary and 
manager until he became the president five 
years ago. 

The Railroad Men's Building and Sav- 
ings Association was organized in August, 
1887. Its fundamental purpose wa-s to en- 
courage thrift and saving among a class 
of men who have always been noted as 
free spenders. Through the thirty years 
since this association was organized the 
seed contained in the original idea and 
purpose has borne repeated fruit, and has 
not only brought some share of prosperity 
to the hundreds of railroad men who have 
been patrons of the organization but has 
also given the association itself high stand- 
ing among the financial institutions of Indi- 
ana. The best proof of this is doubtless 
found in the progress in the financial pow- 
er and resources of the association. At 
the end of the first year its assets were less 
than $16,000. Five years later they had 
increased to nearly $200,000 and in the 
year 1903 the assets climbed to the million 
dollar mark. Since then there has been a 
steady climb in the matter of assets, but 
the srreatest period of growth has been 
within the last nine years. It was in 1910 
that' the assets passed the two million dol- 
lar mark, while in Januarv, 1919, the.v were 
little short of $12,000,000. In the thirty- 
two years of its existence the association 



has loaned over $20,000,000, and has de- 
clared dividends of more than $3,500,000. 
In the early years the service of the asso- 
ciation was confined to railway men only, 
but eventually its privileges were extended 
to others. In July, 1916, the association 
acquired a ninety-nine year lease of prop- 
erty at 21-23 Virginia Avenue, and here 
they erected a structure admirably adapted 
to their needs and requirements. The as- 
sociation's headquarters have been in this 
new building since April 9, 1917. 

Mr. Cannon was the first secretary of 
this association, but now for a number of 
years has been its president. 

Mr. Cannon was born at Logansport, 
Indiana, April 23, 1856. son of Dr. George 
and Martha (Taylor) Cannon. His father, 
a native of Connecticut and of New Eng- 
land ancestry, was a graduate of Belle^iie 
Hospital Medical College of New York 
City, and on coming to Indiana located at 
Logansport, but later moved to Wisconsin 
and practiced in the City of Jane-sville 
and later at Boscobel, where he died at 
the age of sixty-two. His widow survived 
him and spent her last years at Indianapo- 
lis, where her death occurred at the age of 
eighty-three. Both were members of the 
Episcopal Church and Doctor Cannon was 
a republican. They had eight children, Wil- 
liam T. being the youngest. 

William T. Cannon was reared in Wis- 
consin from the age of two years, acquired 
his education in that state, and in 1873, 
at seventeen, returned to Indiana. He be- 
gan his railroad career in the offices of the 
old Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago Railroad 
Company. Later he was with the Wabash 
Railroad Company and was promoted to 
private secretary to the resident vice presi- 
dent. He left the Wabash in 1884 to join 
the Indianapolis LTnion Railroad Company, 
which owns and controls the Indianapolis 
passenger station and all the equipment 
and service utilized by the various lines 
which use this as their terminal facilities 
in Indianapolis. Ability and hard work 
put Mr. Cannon in the office of treasurer 
of the company in 1889, also purchasing 
a?ent, and in January, 1901, he .succeeded 
William JI. Jackson as secretary and treas- 
urer. 

Mr. Cannon is well known in Indian- 
apolis business circles, belongs to the In- 
dianapolis Board of Trade, and in polities 
is a republican. He is a Quaker by adop- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1317 



tion and attends worship in the First 
Friends Church of Indianapolis. On 
April 24, 1877, he married Miss Anna W. 
Adams. She was born at Baltimore, Mary- 
land, but grew up in Indianapolis, where 
her parents, David M. and Hannah Adams, 
spent their last years. Her father was for 
some years president of the Adams Pack- 
ing Company of that city. Mr. and ^Irs. 
Cannon have three children: Fermor S., 
Margai-et and Isabel. The son is a grad- 
uate of the University of Illinois. 

Grace Julian Cl.uike was born at Cen- 
terville, Indiana, September 11, 1865. She 
is of peculiarly abolition ancestry, her 
father being Hon. George "W. Julian and 
her mother, Laura (Giddings) Julian, a 
daughter of Hon. Joshua R. Giddings, of 
Ohio. In 1872 her parents removed to 
Ir'sington, Indiana, and in 1878 Grace 
Giddings Julian entered the preparatory 
department of Butler Univei'sity, from 
which she gTaduated, after a full course, 
in 1884, continuing for a time in post- 
graduate work. She received the degree 
Ph. M. in 1885. 

She was married at Irvington, in 1887, 
to Charles B. Clarke, an Indianapolis at- 
torney, who had been associated with her 
father's work in the land department in 
New Mexico, and who represented Clarion 
County in the State Senate in 1913-15. 
Mrs. Clarke has always taken an active p ir. 
in social, literary and club work, and her 
talent has made her prominent in woman 's 
work. She was president of the Indiana 
Federation of Clubs 1909-11, and is now 
president nf the Legislative Council of 
Indiana Women, and of the Indianapolis 
Local Council of "Women, and a director of 
the General Federation of Women's Clubs, 
as well as a member of the more notable 
women's organizations, and of the ]\Iarion 
County Board of Charities. 

Mrs. Clarke is widely known as a writer 
and a platform speaker. For eight years 
she edited the Club Notes and the Woman's 
Page of the Indianapolis Star. In 1902 
she published a sketch of her father, under 
the title "Some Impressions." She is a 
suffragist, an Unitarian, and a member of 
the Peace Society and the American His- 
torical Association. She has one son, 
Charles Burns Clarke. 



Nelson L. Ault is a man of special and 
well earned distinction in the field of pro- 
fessional photography, an art with which 
he became allied with as an amateur and 
has since followed it as the medium through 
which he could render the highest degree 
of service to the world. 

Mr. Ault, who has spent most of his life 
in his present home City of South Bend, 
was born in Northern Wisconsin, at Antigo, 
Langlade County, in 1883. His father, 
William Ault, a native of Pennsylvania and 
of Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry, left home 
when a boy, going to Ohio, where he 
learned the trade of plaster mason, then 
coming to Indiana and living at South 
Bend awhile, and next taking his family 
to Antigo, Wisconsin. After a few years 
he returned to Indiana and located per- 
manently at Mishawaka, where he con- 
tinued busy with his trade until his recent 
death on January 4, 1919. He married 
Lillie Hobart, daughter of William and 
Eliza Ann (Walton) Hobart, both of whom 
were of early American colonial ancestry. 
The Hobarts were a pioneer family in 
ilichigan, and the Wialtons in Indiana. 
Lillie Hobart Ault is still living in Mis- 
hawaka. 

The schools of that city afforded Nelson 
Ault his early advantages, after which for 
several years he was an employe of the 
Roper Furniture Compan3^ In the mean- 
time, at the age of sixteen, he had taken up 
photography as a pastime. It was a sub- 
ject that led him on and on, and his in- 
creasing proficiency caused him to realize 
that here his talents would find their best 
expression. In 1909 he opened a gallery 
at 303 South Michigan street, and has done 
a thriving business ever since. In order to 
afford larger facilities for handling his 
custom, he established another studio at 122 
South :\Iain Street in March, 1919, and he 
carries a complete line of photographic 
supplies at each studio. ^Mr. Ault out of 
his business and profession has acquired 
several pieces of residential property. 

In 1905 he married Miss Clarissa Dill- 
ing. She was born at Ishpeming, Michigan, 
daughter of Henry A. and Eveline (De- 
vine) Dilling. To their marriage were 
born two children, Mary Elizabeth and 
Nelson Lafayette, Jr. Mrs. Ault is a mem- 
ber of the First Christian Church, and he 
is popular in the South Bend Lodge No. 294 



1318 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Free and Accepted Masons, South Bend 
Lodge No. 29, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Improved Order of Red Men 
and the HajTnakers, while both he and his 
wife are members of the Rebekahs. 

Walter A. Funk. Admitted to the bar 
over thirty years ago. Judge Funk by long 
and continuous service has well earned the 
numerous honors paid him in his profes- 
sion and as a private citizen. 

He was born on a fann in Harrison 
Township, Elkhart County. His paternal 
ancestors settled in Pennsylvania about 
1725. His grandfather, Rudolph Funk, a 
native of Pennsylvania, after his marriage 
moved to Wayne County, Ohio, and for the 
rest of his life was owner and operator of 
a saw and grist mill. Both he and his wife, 
who was a Miss Kauffman, lived to ad- 
vanced age. 

William Funk, father of Judge Funk, 
was born in Northampton County, Pennsyl- 
vania, came to manhood in Ohio, and in 
1854 brought his wife and two children in 
a wagon to Indiana, settling in Harrison 
Township of Elkhart County. The land he 
bought was only partly cleared of the 
dense timber, and for a number of years 
he operated a steam sawmill in connection 
with farming. In 1863 he moved to an- 
other farm in Olive Township of the same 
county, and lived there a respected and 
useful citizen until 1894, when he retired 
to the city of Elkhart and died in 1906, at 
the age of eighty-two. He married Cath- 
erine Myers, a native of Columbiana 
County, Ohio, and descended from one of 
two brothers who settled in Pennsvlvania 
in 1730. Catherine Funk died in 1884, the 
mother of nine children. 

Judge Funk fitted himself for his pro- 
fession by the exercise of much ingenuity 
in overcoming obstacles. After the district 
schools he was a student in the Goshen 
Normal, taught a term in Harrison Town- 
ship, and in 1881 graduated with the S. B. 
degree from what is now Valparaiso Uni- 
versity. For a brief period he studied law 
with Judge Harsen Smith at Cassopolis, 
Michigan, following which he was superin- 
tendent of schools at Benton and Bristol, 
one year in each place. His legal education 
was continued in the office of Andrew An- 
derson at South Bend and by graduation 
from the law department of the University 
of Michigan in 1885. 



Judge Funk has been a member of the 
South Bend bar since 1886, and handled a 
large volume of private practice until he 
went on the bench as circuit judge in 1900. 
By re-election he has been kept on the 
bench, with credit to himself and his ofSee, 
for nearly twenty years. He is a member 
of the Chamber of Commerce, the Country 
Club and the Knife and Fork Club. In 
May, 1892, he married Miss j\Iary E. Har- 
ris, who was born in South Bend, daughter 
of Frederick and Mary (Anderson) Harris. 
Judge and Mrs. Funk have one son, Wil- 
liam Harris, now a student in the Johns 
Hopkins University Medical School. 

Thad M. Talcott, Jr. A descendant in 
direct line from one of the earliest fam- 
ilies that settled in the Connecticut Valley, 
Thad M. Talcott, Jr., has been practicing 
law at South Bend for nearly twenty years, 
and his professional work and civic attain- 
ments make his individual career distinctly 
creditable to his ancestry. 

His American lineage begins with John 
and Dorothy (Mott) Talcott, who were 
born in England and came to America in 
1632. They settled in the Hartford Col- 
ony in the Connecticut Valley. The second 
generation of the family in direct line to 
the South Bend lawyer was represented by 
Captain Samuel and Hannah (Holyoke) 
Talcott ; the third generation by Joseph 
and Sarah (Demmiug) Talcott: the fourth 
by Josiah and Dina H. (Wyatt) Talcott; 
the fifth by Hezekiali and Mary (Myers) 
Talcott; the sixth by Asa Gaylord Tal- 
cott ; the seventh by Asa Talcott ; the eighth 
by Thaddeus ilead Talcott, Sr.; and the 
ninth by the South Bend attorney. 

Hezekiah Talcott removed from Con- 
necticut to Herkimer County, New York, 
and was one of the pioneer settlers there. 
His son, Asa Gaylord Talcott, was bom in 
Herkimer County June 24, 1796, and mar- 
ried Ascneth Caswell. 

Jlr. Talcott 's grandfather, Asa Talcott, 
was born in Herkimer Countv December 
2, 1822, and married Martha Mead. He 
was a jeweler by trade and conducted a 
business in that line at Oswego and later 
at Cleveland, Ohio. His last years were 
spent retired at Buffalo, New York. His 
wife survived him and lived to be nearly 
ninety years of age. 

Thaddeus ]\Iead Talcott, Sr.. was born at 
Oswego, New York, March 28, 1847, and 





r-^->^2gw^-^ 








INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1319 



during his youth attended school in Cleve- 
land and Buffalo. He became a manufac- 
turer of boiler compound in Cleveland and 
later transferred his business to Chicago, 
where he is now living retired. He married 
Nellie Rodney, a native of Buffalo, New 
York, and daughter of John and Lemira 
(Spalding) Rodney, both natives of Penn- 
sylvania. Lemira Spalding was the 
daughter of Obediah Gore and Clotilda 
(Hoyt) Spalding, a granddaughter of 
John and Wealthy Ann (Gore) Spalding, 
and great-granddaughter of General Simon 
Spalding, who served with the rank of 
commissioned officer in the Revolutionary 
army. General Simon Spalding married 
Ruth Shepard, and their son, John Spald- 
ing, was also in the Revolutionaiy war, 
both becoming pensioners in their later 
years. It is through the Spalding branch 
that Thad M. Talcott. Jr., has his qualifi- 
cations for membership in the Illinois So- 
ciety of the Sons of tlie American Revolu- 
tion. 

Thaddeus M. Talcott and wife had four 
sons: Charles M., Thad M., Jr., Harrison 
W. and Rodney D. 

Thad M. Talcott, Jr., received his early 
education in the public schools of Chicago 
and in 1897 graduated LL. B. from the law 
department of Northwestern University. 
However, he did not take up active practice 
until he had taken advantage of the best 
schools and institutions of learning in 
America. He entered Yale University for 
post-graduate work, receiving the degree 
LL. M. in 1898. and after special work at 
Cornell University was awarded a similar 
degree in 1899. For one year Mr. Talcott 
practiced in Chicago but since 1900 has 
been a resident of South Bend, where he 
has gained the reputation of an able and 
learned lawyer and has become very in- 
fluential in public affairs. In 1903 he was 
elected to the Lower House of the State 
Legislature and in 1912 was in the State 
Senate. He was a member of many com- 
mittees and secretary of the joint caucus. 
He voted for both Mr. Fairbanks and Mr. 
Beveridge for the United States Senate and 
had the honor of nominating Mr. Beveridge 
for the office while a member of the State 
Senate. Governor Hanley appointed him a 
delegate to the National Divorce Conven- 
tion in Washington and Philadelphia. Mr. 
Talcott is now serving as United States 



commissioner for several north Indiana 
counties. 

He is a member of the South Bend Young 
Men 's Christian Association, the Knife and 
Fork Club, University Club, Country Club 
at South Bend, the Indiana Society of 
Chieago, Yale Club of Chicago, and frater- 
nally is affiliated with South Bend Lodge 
29-1:, Free and Accepted ilasons, Chicago 
Chapter No. 508, Royal Arch Masons, 
South Bend Council No. 13, Royal and 
Select Masons, South Bend Commandery 
No. 13, Knights Templar, and Orak 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Hammond. 
He and his wife are active members of the 
First Presbyterian Church. 

February 17, 1909, Mr. Talcott married 
JIaude Rodney. Mrs. Talcott was born in 
Buffalo, New York, daughter of Frank and 
Etta (Irish) Rodney. 

I 

Adam Orth Behm. When Adam Orth 
Behm did his first work as a lawyer at 
Lafayette the United States wa.s torn with 
the strife of the Civil war, in which he him- 
self bore an honorable part as a private 
soldier and a captain in an Indiana regi- 
ment. He has grown old in the practice of 
the law and is still on the roll of active 
membership of the Lafayette bar when 
America is again fighting for freedom, but 
this time on the other side of the Atlantic 
ocean. 

]Mr. Behm was born on a farm in Leba- 
non Countv, Pennsylvajiia. August 22, 
1839, son of Christian and Rosana (Orth) 
Behm. His father was born in Pennsyl- 
vania June 13, 1817. spent his life as a 
farmer, and died in his native state Octo- 
ber 2. 1853. His wife, Rosana Orth, was 
born in Lebanon County in 1821 and died 
in Pennsylvania ]March 13, 1863. Her 
brother, Godlove S. Orth, was a prominent 
Indiana lawyer and at one time a member 
of Congress from this ,st.ate. Christian 
Behm and wife had thirteen children, nine 
sons and four daughters, the only one now 
living being Adam Ortli. " 

Adam Orth Behm was educated in the 
public schools of Pennsylvania. He was 
just fourteen years old when his father 
died, and after that he had to seek some 
gainful occupation for his own support 
and as a means of securing a higher educa- 
tion. For two years he worked in a store 
at .$3 a month. Another two years he spent 



1320 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



in a grrist mill, saving his money all tlie 
time in order to get a better edncation. 
One year he spent in college, and in 1859 
came west to Lafayette, Indiana, and 
entered the law office of liis older brother, 
Godlove 0. Behm. He remained there in 
the diligent prosecution of his studies two 
years. 

On April 18, 1861, less than a week after 
Fort Sumter was fired upon, Mr. Behm 
was mustered in as a private in Company 
E, Tenth Indiana Infantry. Upon the 
organization of the regiment lie was made 
sergeant of his eompanj' and was with it 
throughout the period of its three months 
service. On getting his honorable dis- 
charge he returned to Lafayette and re- 
sumed his law studies and also practiced 
until January, 1864. He then recruited 
Company A of the One Hundred and 
Fiftieth Indiana Regiment and was elected 
captain of the company. This company 
saw active service until the close of the war. 
Captain Behm was only in one important 
battle, that of Rich Mountain, but had vari- 
ous important assignments of duty, at one 
time being judge advocate at Harpers 
Ferry, and many important military cases 
came before him for decision. He was also 
a brigade inspector. 

After the war he returned to LaPayette 
and entered practice, which has been con- 
tinued uninten-uptedly to the present time. 
He has always enjoyed a large practice but 
never mixed the law with politics, though 
his steady allegiance as a republican has 
known no wavering from the time he east 
his first vote for Abraham Lincoln. 

Mr. Behm is a member of the military 
organization of the Loyal Legion and of 
the Grand Army of the Republic. Decem- 
ber 26, 1867, atLafayette, he married Miss 
Charlotte E. Rhodes. She was born in 
what was then the far Northwest, the terri- 
tory of Minnesota, on March 18, 1849. An 
event which lately attracted much attention 
in the social affairs of Lafayette was the 
celebration of the golden wedding anni- 
versary of ]Mr. and ]Mrs. Behm on December 
26, 1917. 

The Tribe op Ben-Hur. In practically 
every state of the Union are found courts 
and individual members of the tribe of 
Ben-Hur. This fraternal beneficiary or- 
ganization is a typically Indiana institu- 
tion and was founded a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago at Crawfordsville, where its su- 



preme headquarters are still located and 
where its supreme chief. Dr. R. H. Gerard, 
resides. 

One of the notable events in the history 
of the order was the celebration at Craw- 
fordsville April 5-6, 1911, of the seven- 
teenth anniversai'y of the issuance of the 
first certificate. At that date representa- 
tives from nearly all the states in which 
the order was represented gathered to wit- 
ness the laying of the corner stone of the 
new Fraternal Temple. This beautiful 
building is a "promise fulfilled," as for 
years the officers of the society dreamed 
of a building of that character which would 
lie a credit to the society and a place of 
gathering for the pilgrims who from time 
to time travel to Crawfordsville, the Jeru- 
salem of the Tribe of Ben-Hur. 

For years the plan of the Tribe of Ben- 
Hur had existed in the mind and heart of 
one man until it became to him a Hving 
reality. His dream was realized twenty- 
five years ago, and every succeeding meet- 
ing of the order at Crawfordsville has 
served to refresh the memoiy of the 
founder, counselor and protector — David 
W. Gerard. 

About 1893 ]\Ir. Gerard associated him- 
self with a number of friends of experience 
in the insurance and business world, and 
plans were formulated to start a fraternal 
order along new and novel lines. The 
choice of a name for a long time was a 
mooted point. "Ben-Hur — a Tale of the 
Christ," appeared in book form in 1880 
and its widespread fame as a masterpiece 
of literature was adding fresh laurels to 
the name of the already famous author, 
General Lew Wallace. The beautiful story 
appealed to Mr. Gerard and his associates 
as being rich in material for a ritual of 
surpassing excellence for their order, and 
a conference was held with General "Wal- 
lace, who readily gave his consent to the 
use of the story, even suggesting the form 
of name, which has never been changed — 
"Supreme Tribe of Ben-Hur." 

Actively associated with Mr. Gerard in 
the formation of the order were ex-Gov- 
ernor Ira J. Chase of Indianapolis ; Col. 
L. T. Dickason, capitalist, of Chicago; W. 
T. Ro.vse, a practical- insurance man of 
Indianapolis ; J. F. Davidson, M. D. ; John 
W. Stroh, F. L. Snyder and S. E. Voris, 
prominent business and professional men 
of Crawfordsville. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1321 



A special law coiumittee was appointed 
consisting of Walter A. Royse of Indian- 
apolis ; Peter T. Luther of Brazil, Indiana ; 
and S. E. Voi-is, John C. Snyder and Jil. 
W. Bruner of Crawfordsville, to draft 
articles of incorporation. These articles 
of incorporation were filed in the office of 
the secretary of the state of Indiana on 
January 8, 1894, and a charter was granted 
under the "Voluntary Assessment Act of 
1852," as there was at that time no law in 
the State of Indiana governing fraternal 
beneficiarj' societies. 

The first supreme officers selected were : 
ex-Governor Ira J. Chase, supreme chief: 
F. L. Snyder, supreme scribe; J. F. David- 
son, M. D., supreme medical examiner; and 
S. E. Voris, supreme keeper nf tribute ; and 
an executive committee consisting of D. W. 
Gerard, F. L. Snyder and W. T. Royse. 
The election of ex-Governor Chase as su- 
preme chief was made at the request of 
Mr. Gerard, who desired to devote all his 
time to the organization work. Upon the 
death of Ira J. Chase, which occurred at 
Luebec, Maine. May 11, 1895, Col. L. T. 
Dickason was chosen by the executive com- 
mittee to fill out the unexpired term as 
supreme chief. 

:\Iarch 1. 1894, the first Court of the 
order was formed in Crawfordsville, known 
as Simonides Court No. 1, starting with a 
charter roll of over 500. The plan and 
name of the order were popular from the 
beginning. The beneficial feature was en- 
tirely new and novel: the amount of pro- 
tection granted each member depended 
upon the age at admission, but a uniform 
amount of contribution was charged each 
member. The plan was simple, equitable 
and easily understood. No assessments 
were levied upon the death of a member, 
but a regular monthly payment was col- 
lected each month. An emergency fund 
was created from the beginning, and 
women were admitted on an absolutelj 
equal basis with men. New courts were 
rapidly formed in Indiana and adjoining 
states and at the time of the supreme ses- 
.sion held in Crawfordsville April 14, 1896, 
the order had a membership of 7.198 and a 
surplus and reserve fund of .$41,829. At 
that time Indiana had 80 courts, Nebraska 
21, Ohio 28, Iowa 2, Kansas 1, California 
2, Missouri .3, Illinois 16, New York 14, 
New Jersey 1, Pennsylvania 4, and Ken- 
tucky 2. The record of this young order 



was indeed marvelous and the name of Ben- 
Hur was already famous throughout the 
fraternal insurance world. At this session 
D. W. Gerard was elected supreme chief, 
and F. L. Snyder, S. E. Voris and Dr. J. 
F. Davidson were re-elected to their re- 
spective positions. To these four men 
really belongs the credit of the growth and 
development of the order. 

February 21, 1900, articles of re-incorpo- 
ration were filed with the secretary of state 
in compliance with the provisioiis of an 
act regulating fraternal beneficiary a.sso- 
eiations, approved March 1, 1899. 

Actively associated with the above men- 
tioned supreme officers in the prudential 
affairs of the order were John C. Snvder, 
who organized many of the first courts and 
occupied the position of supreme organizer 
until the death of his brother, F. L. Sny- 
der, on December 29, 1905, when he wks 
appointed by the executive committee to fill 
out his brother's unexpired term, and was 
unannnously elected at the next regular 
supreme session held May 15, 1906. No 
other change was made in the personnel 
of the supreme officers until Januarv 3 
1910, when on the death of D. W. Gerard^ 
the executive board appointed Dr. R. H.' 
Gerard to fill out his father's unexpired 
term, which action was approved at the 
next supreme session of the Supreme Tribe 
held :\ray 15, 1910. Doctor Gerard was se- 
lected by the executive board as a man 
well fitted to fill such an important office 
on account of his experience in the field 
and his service of ten years in the medical 
department, where he became acquainted 
with the details of the business, both in 
the office and in the field. 

During the first seventeen vears of the 
order's history preceding the" building of 
the temple at Crawfordsville it had en- 
rolled over a quarter of a million men and 
women from thirty-two states, and had 
never shown a loss of membei-ship or funds 
in any year of its existence. Its unique 
distinction is that it was the first society 
that from the date of its inception ad- 
mitted women on an equal rank with men 
both as to social and beneficial privileges' 
and at an equal rate of contribution It 
was the pioneer order also in ehargino- all 
of its members, regardless of age, the same 
rate, which consisted of one dollar per 
month on a whole certificate, the amount 
ot the certificate being graded according- 



1322 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



to the age of the insured member. This 
system was in vogue from the start until 
1908, when the society adopted an adequate 
rate for all new members, which was based 
on the actual combined mortality experi- 
ence of fraternal societies of America over 
an experience of forty years. This mor- 
tality table is known as the National Fra- 
ternal Congress Table, with 4 per cent 
interest assumption. 

Marvin Campbell. Perhaps no man is 
better known at South Bend, Indiana, than 
]\Iarvin Campbell, banker, manufacturer, 
public citizeu. This city has been his 
home since 1870, almost half a century, 
and few, indeed, have impressed them- 
selves more certainly upon its business and 
political life, or have done more to further 
religious, charitable and humane move- 
ments. Indefatigable in business, he is a 
broad-gauged man of sound judgment and 
sterling principles, and the great industries 
and enterprises with which his name is 
honorably linked have had much in their 
development and expansion to do with the 
progress that has brought comparative 
prosperity to this section of the state. His 
people were among the sturdy pioneers of 
1833 in Indiana, and although eighty-four 
years have rolled away and not only the 
state but the nation has been almost re- 
made, their names are not forgotten, nor 
have the lands that they ventured so much 
to secure passed out of the possession of 
their descendants. 

;\Iarviu Campbell, ex-state senator, pres- 
ident of the South Bend National Bank, 
and an extensive manufacturer, was born 
at Valparaiso, Porter County, Indiana, 
March 13, 1849. His parents were Samuel 
A. and Harriet (Cornell) Campbell. His 
great-great-grandfather was born in Scot- 
land, a member of the same clan as the 
present noble Argyle family, and came to 
the American colonies and settled in New 
Hampshire before the Revolutionary war. 
His son, Hugh Campbell, the great-grand- 
father, was born in New Hampshire and 
was a young soldier in the Revolution and 
afterward was a resident of the State of 
New York, where he died. 

Samuel A. Campbell, father of Mar\'in 
Campbell, was born in 1821, at Westfield 
in Chautauqua County, New York. He 
was a son of Adam S. Campbell, who was 
born in New York and died at Valparaiso, 



Indiana, in 1852. He had seen military 
service before coming to Indiana, being a 
member of the state militia. In 1833, with 
family and household possessions, he drove 
his wagon and team along the uncharted 
pioneer roads to Porter County, Indiana, 
where he secured land from the govern- 
ment, and here he passed the rest of his 
life. His son Samuel A. inherited the 
homestead of 160 acres and lived on it for 
seventy-seven years. He often recalled 
early days in Porter County, when many 
Indians were yet living in the woodland, 
and, although his educational opportunities 
were too little to be considered, he devel- 
oped into a man of wide knowledge and 
became a leader in public matters in Wash- 
ington Township, frequently serving in 
public capacities. He always gave his po- 
litical support to the democratic party and 
was one of the early and steadfast Ma- 
sons in this section, and reached the 
Knight Templar degree, belonging to the 
Commandery at Valparaiso. He married 
Harriet Cornell, who was born in Ohio in 
1827, and died at Valparaiso in 1865, a 
noble woman in every relation of life. 
There were six children born to them, as 
follows: Marvin and ilyron, twins; Da- 
rius, who died in 1865, when aged thirteen 
years; Otto S., who is a retired farmer 
living at Valparaiso: Helen Minerva, who 
was the wife of D. B. Eastbume, a farmer 
living near Judson in Parke County, Indi- 
ana, died at South Bend, in 1877 ; and Ida 
IMay, who died at the age of four months. 

Marvin Campbell went from the local 
schools to Valparaiso College, where he 
continued as a student until 1869, develop- 
ing a marked talent in mathematics, which 
science he taught for one year in the Val- 
paraiso High School, and in 1870, 1871 and 
1872 he was instructor in mathematics in 
the high school of So\ith Bend. He then 
left the educational field and in 1872 em- 
barked in a hardware business at South 
Bend, in which he remained interested 
until 1888 and since then has been largely 
identified with manufacturing enterprises 
and banking. 

The South Bend National Bank, of 
which Marvin Campbell is president, is the 
oldest bank in South Bend and was estab- 
lished as a state bank in 1838. For over 
thirty years the late Myron Campbell, twin 
brother of IMarvin Campbell, was cashier 
and general manager of this bank, and it 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1323 



was generally conceded at the time of his 
death, in 1916, that the state had lost one 
of its finest citizens as well as ablest finan- 
ciers. In 1870 the bank was nationalized 
and is considered one of the soundest banks 
in the state, its working capital being 
$100,000, and its surplus $135,000. The 
careful, conser\-ative policy that has been 
a feature ever since the bank was founded 
continues, and the Campbell name is a 
sjnionym for stability. 
' One of the largest industries of South 
Bend and in its line in the state is the 
Campbell Paper Box Company, which 
plant is situated on the corner of Main 
and Sample streets. ]\Ir. Campbell estab- 
lished this factory in 1893 and is the prin- 
cipal owner and president of the com- 
pany. Employment is given to 100 
workmen and the product is paper boxes 
and shipping tags, with a market that 
covers the eountn,\ Another extensive 
enterprise that gives employment and high 
wages to many workmen is the Campbell 
Wire Specialty Works, located at No. 1108 
High Street, where aU kinds of wire shapes 
used in many trades are manufactured. 
]\Ir. Campbell owns the works and is presi- 
dent of the operating company. Many 
smaller concerns owe much to Mr. Camp- 
bell's friendly encouragement and his 
financial advice has been the means of 
saving more than one struggling small 
business man from disaster. 

In politics ilr. Campbell has always 
been a straight republican and in earlier 
years was active in the political field. He 
has served efficiently in many public of- 
fices and in 1882 was elected a member 
of the State Senate, and served with faith- 
ful attention to the best interests of the 
public through the sessions of 1883-5. For 
a number of years he was a member of 
the board of trustees of the South Bend 
schools, and for the last fifteen years has 
been a trustee of De Pauw University, 
Greencastle, Indiana. 

ilr. Campbell was married at South 
Bend in 1874 to Miss Lydia A. Brown- 
field, a native of South Bend and a daugh- 
ter of John and Lydia A. (Beason) Brown- 
field, the former of whom was a pioneer 
merchant and banker of this city. Mr. 
and ;\rrs. Campbell have three children: 
John Brownfield, who is secretary of the 
Campbell Paper Box Company : Harriet 
B., who is the wife of Dr. W. A. Hazen, 



an eminent physician and surgeon of 
South Bend and widely known in the state ; 
and Marvin Rudolph, who resides with his 
parents, is treasurer of the Campbell Pa- 
per Box Company. 

While Mr. Campbell has been an ag- 
gressive and successful business man, he 
by no means has ignored the claims of 
tiiose agencies that make for something 
more than material prosperity. From his 
youth up he has been a faithful member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church and a 
trustee of the same for jnany years, and 
has considered it a privilege as well as a 
distinction to serve as a delegate to the 
JMethodist Episcopal General Confer- 
ence on so many occasions, probably be- 
ing the only lay member in the state who 
served in four consecutive sessions, 1904, 
1908, 1912 and 1916. He has always taken 
front rank in all benevolent movements. 
He has served many years as a trustee of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, 
and accepted the chairmanship of the dis- 
trict board of four counties that raised 
$73,000 for the association 's proposed fund 
of $35,000,000. In times of national calam- 
ity no one has been readier or more gen- 
erous in helpfulness. 

]Mr. Campbell is one of the older mem- 
bers of the [Masonic body in South Bend, 
belonging to St. Joseph Lodge No. 45, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and 
no one has been truer to Masonic brother- 
hood. While ~S[r. Campbell passes the 
larger part of the year in South Bend, 
where he owns a handsome residence on 
Colfax Avenue, during the warm sea.sons 
he occupies his beautiful country home, 
Oakdale Farm, situated in Clay Township, 
Saint Joseph County, four miles northeast 
of South Bend, where he has 130 acres of 
improved land. 

The Anthony Family. For nearly 
ninety years the name Anthony has been 
one of the most familiar in association 
M'ith the property development and busi- 
ness interests of Muneie. Four genera- 
tions of the family have spent at least a 
jiortion of their lives in the city. 

The founder of the family wa.s the rev- 
ered Dr. Samuel P. Anthony, who was 
born at Lynchburg, Virginia, December 
2, 1792. Lynchbiirg was in the heart of 
the great Virginia tobacco industry, and 
doubtless the tobacco crop had supple- 



1324 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



mented the family's yearly income ever 
since it located in the state. In 1812, when 
he was twenty years old. Samuel P. An- 
thony and his father moved to Ohio. Dur- 
ing the second war with Great Britain he 
served as a teamster in the United States 
army. In 1814 the family located at Cin- 
cinnati, and there established the tirst to- 
bacco manufactory west of the Allegheny 
Mountains. The availability of the Ohio 
Valley for tobacco culture drew not a few 
tobacco planters from Virginia, and thus 
it was the Anthonys first became located 
on the west side of the Alleghenies. While 
in Cincinnati Samuel P. Anthony applied 
himself to the study of medicine and later 
removed to Clinton County, Ohio, where 
he practiced for three years, and for an 
equal length of time at Cedarville in the 
same state. 

Doctor Anthony came to Muncie in 1831, 
and here he practiced for twenty-five years, 
retiring about fifteen years before his 
death. Doctor Anthony was very success- 
ful in his financial career, was a merchant 
and bought great quantities of land in 
Delaware County. By close attention to 
business he amassed a fortune, and at the 
time of his death was variously estimated 
at from $2.50,000 to $.500,000. 'He was ac- 
tive in all public enterprises which seemed 
to him calculated to promote the interests 
of his city and county. He was among 
the most liberal contributors and active 
promoters in the building of the first rail- 
road through the county. He was one of 
the directors from Delaware County of the 
Bellefontaine & Indianapolis, now the Big 
Foiir Railway, was for a year its presi- 
dent and verv active in soliciting stock sub- 
scriptions. He was also president of the 
Fort "Wayne & Southern Railway, and a 
director of the Lafayette, Muncie & Bloom- 
ington Railway. 

Doctor Anthony continued active in busi- 
ness at Muncie to the verv last. He died 
July 22. 1876. In 1817 he married for his 
first wife Miss Narcissa Haines. She died 
in Mav, 1858, leaving one son, Edwin C. 
In 1859 he married Miss Emily V. Vanna- 
man, who survived him many years. 

The onlv son of Doctor Anthony was 
the late Capt. Edwin C. Anthony. He 
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 29, 1818, 
and was thirteen years old when his father 
moved to Muncie. He completed his edu- 
cation in Richmond, Indiana, and enter- 



ing his father's store at Muncie was made 
a partner and was active as a merchant 
until the outbreak of the war. In 1861 
he raised a company of cavalry, which 
became Company D of the Second Cavalry, 
Forty-first Indiana Regiment. He was 
commissioned a captain, and was with 
the army of the Cumberland. During the 
winter of 1861-62 he had an arm broken, 
and with health greatly impaired he was 
obliged to resign his commission on March 
15, 1862. After returning to Muncie and 
recovering his health he entered the dry 
goods business, which he continued luitil 
his father's death. Largely as a matter 
of health he spent many winters in the 
South, and while at Florida acquired ex- 
tensive land and phosphate mining inter- 
ests in Marion County of that state. He 
also developed a splendid livestock ranch, 
and for the past ten years of life most of 
his interests were centered in Floi-ida. At 
his farm in that state, known as Anthony, 
he died June 7, 1884, at the age of sixty- 
six. 

September 30, 1849, Captain Anthony 
married Miss Rebecca G. Vannaman, 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Camp- 
bell) Vannaman, who at that time lived at 
Centerville, Wa.vne County, Indiana. Her 
parents came originally from Philadelphia, 
but Rebecca Anthony was born in Ohio. 
Captain Anthony and wife had six chil- 
dren : Florence Virginia, wife of Hender- 
son Swain : Samuel P. : Edwin C, Jr., who 
died at the age of twenty-eight; Ella, who 
died at the age of twenty-five, the wife of 
George Gamble: Charles H. ; and Addie 
Anthony, deceased wife of Frank Robin- 
son. 

Charles H. Anthony, representing the 
third generation of the family in Delaware 
County, was born in that count.v May 10, 
1858. He was educated in the public 
schools of Muncie and for two years at- 
tended thd Military College at Chester, 
Pennsylvania. In 1877 he became inter- 
ested with his father in land and other 
business interests in Florida. In 1880 he 
planted a fifty-acre orange grove, and five 
years later sold it to an English sAmdicate. 
He continued to increase his investments 
in Florida, and his capital was largely re- 
sponsible for the development of immense 
phosphate beds. 

However, it is with his business inter- 
ests in and around Muncie that this ar- 





"^^^k/d^ojiL^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1325 



tide is especially concerned. He took the 
lead in organizing and was president of 
the Economy Co-operative Gas Company 
of Muncie, one of the big organizations in 
the industrial field of the city; was a mem- 
ber of the Citizens Enterprise Company; 
a stockholder in the Delaware County Na- 
tional Bank; and at different times owned 
some of the largest and most valuable 
tracts of real estate in and around Muncie. 
In 1880 he and his mother sold over 420 
acres of land included in the Muncie Land 
Company's Addition, the Gray Addition 
and the Anthony Park Addition. One of 
the notable business blocks of Anthony ha.s 
long been known as the Anthony Block, 
erected in 1887 by Mr. Anthony at the 
northwest corner of Walnut and Jackson 
streets. At the time of its erection this 
was the finest business block in any city 
of the state. Mr. Anthony was foremost 
in utilizing the opportunities presented to 
Muncie during the natural gas era. He 
was among the first to become financially 
interested in drilling in the Muncie field. 
Mr. Anthony is a republican in politics. 

February 'lO, 1886, he married Miss Har- 
riet B. Mitchell, daughter of Dr. Harvev 
Mitchell. 

TI.\RVEy Mitchell ANxnoNY. Indiana 
has good reason to cherish its military an- 
nals. The state has poured forth gener- 
ously her resources and her men in every 
national crisis demanding them. It wa.s 
with a proper sense of pride that the state 
authorities recently proposed to undertake 
a monumental war history of Indiana, to 
give a permanent record of the war ac- 
tivities of all the counties of the state. The 
individual records that will comprise a 
portion of that history will be imposing 
indeed, and among them that of Ilarvey 
Mitchell Anthony will have a place of pe- 
culiar and unrivalled distinction. 

Harvev Mitchell Anthony was born Feb- 
ruary 10. 1890. son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles H. Anthony of Muncie. He was 
a student of the ^luncie High School, and 
from 1908 to IHIl attended Miami ITni- 
versity at Oxford. Ohio, specializinsr in 
mathematics and languages. In 1911 he 
entered Harvard University, and while at- 
tentive to the prescribed collegiate cur- 
riculum he specially favored the sciences, 
including advanced physics and chemi.stry, 
geology and astronomy, and also doing a 



large amount of work in philosophy. While 
at Harvard, being a young man of means 
and able to indulge some special hobbies, 
ho installed a large private laboratory and 
supplemented his regular work by experi- 
mental study in biology and research in 
radio-telegraphy and radio- telephony. He 
graduated in 1914 with the degree Asso- 
ciate in Arts of Harvard University. 

Young Anthony's career is an impres- 
sive illustration of the value of thorough 
preparedness for any great i-esponsibilities, 
whether of a private or public nature. Af- 
ter leaving Harvard ho continued the study 
of Electrical Ensrineering and Steam Engi- 
neering at the Hawley Institute of Steam 
and Electrical Engineering in Boston, 
finally gi-aduating from that institute with 
honors. Then came other advanced post- 
graduate courses in Columbia University 
in Education, and at the same time he was 
working in the New York Electrical In- 
.stitute, of which he is also an honor grad- 
uate. 

Even during these years of training and 
preparation several flattering offers were 
tendered him. However, his ambition took 
a very unusual and a most laudable direc- 
tion. His interest in and love for his 
home community prompted him to return 
to Muncie and give the benefit of his knowl- 
edge and ex-erience to the broadening of 
the opportunities offered bv the new Mun- 
cie High School, which had just been com- 
pleted. In that school he introduced a de- 
partment of electrical engineering which 
surpassed many departments in that field 
in the majority of colleges. He was made 
head of the department of Electrical Engi- 
neering. Ensrineering Drafting and Design, 
and Radio-Telegraphy. Probably no school 
in Indiana has anvthinsr to compare with 
the equipment and facilities which he in- 
trndnced at Muncie, and under his per- 
sonal direction these facilities were used 
to the highest advantage. In 1916 he was 
made_ Director of Vocational Education of 
the city schools of IMuncie. 

From this happy and congenial work 
he was called at the outbreak of hostilities 
to sterner re.sponsibilities. He orsranized 
the first department of Army Signal Corps 
training in the state and conducted large 
classes in Radio-Telegraphy at the Muncie 
High School. His services being imme- 
diately recosrnized by the navy, he was in- 
vited to take charge of the advanced work 



1326 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



in radio training for the navy at Great 
Lakes, the largest naval training station 
in the world. From there a few months 
later he was called to Washington, to or- 
ganize the entire radio training system for 
both ofiSeers and enlisted men in the Avia- 
tion Department of the Navy. Thereafter 
from his headquarters at Washington he 
directed this training in all sections of 
the United States and Canada. His of- 
ficial title was Director of United States 
Naval Aeronautical Radio-Training. In 
that capacity he organized schools at Pen- 
saeola, Florida, Harvard University and 
other division schools at the plants where 
naval air craft was being manufactured. 
Although his work in that field lasted but 
a few months it achieved distinctive results, 
and he was looked upon as one of the most 
useful men for his years in the Navy De- 
partment. 

At the secession of hostilities many of- 
fers came to him in both industrial enter- 
prises and professorship in universities, of- 
fers that of themselves were a practical 
recognition of his wide experience and 
thorough training. He has been honored 
by membership in many American and 
European scientific societies, but, surpris- 
ing as it may seem, he put aside all these 
remunerative offers and again exhibited 
his loyalty to his birthplace and his zeal 
for higher educational development, re- 
turning to his home and friends, and re- 
suming his work in the Muncie schools as 
Director of Vocational Education and Pro- 
fessor of Engineering Sciences. 

Angeline Teal (Mrs. Norman Teal), 
author, whose maiden name was Gruey, 
was born on a farm in Southern Ohio, 
August 28, 1842. When she was three 
years old her parents removed to a farm 
in Noble County, Indiana, where she grew 
up, receiving her education in the common 
schools and at iliss Griggs' Seminary, at 
Wolcottville, Indiana. 

On January 1, 1866. she married Dr. 
Norman Teal, a prominent physician of 
Kendallville, who had served through the 
Civil war as a surgeon in the Union Army, 
and who represented his countv in the 
state legislatures of 1891 and 1893. She 
lived at Kendallville until her death, on 
September 3, 1913, and left one surviving 
daughter, ;\Irs. James DeWit, of Kendall- 
ville. 



^Irs. TeaUs writings were diverse. A 
number of her poems, children's stories 
and short stories were published in various 
magazines. She also piiblished four vol- 
umes. "John Thorn's Folks," "Muriel 
Howe," "The Speaker of the House," 
and "The Rose of Love." She was a 
member of the Western Writers' Associa- 
tion, and took much interest in the intel- 
lectual development of the state. 

Thomas J. Griffith, M. D. An old and 
honored physician and surgeon of Craw- 
fordsville. Doctor Griffith since 1910 has 
been secretary of the ^Montgomery County 
Historical Society, and in many ways out- 
side of his profession has used his influence 
and means to preserve that fine commu- 
nity spirit which has been one of the best 
assets of Crawfordsville. 

He belongs to an honored family, and 
has had a praiseworthy interest in preserv- 
ing the facts and records concerning his 
relatives and ancestors. Much of the in- 
formation concerning the Griffith family 
was obtained by Doctor Griffith from his 
father. The Griffith family has a legen- 
dary history dating back to Edward, King 
of England. 1239, when they were gov- 
ernors of provinces in Wales. The name 
was honored in Shakespeare's plav of 
King Henry VIII (1528), when Griffith 
was gentleman usher to Queen Catherine 
and when he says: "Noble Madam — Men's 
evil mannei's live in brass; their virtues 
we write in M-ater. May it please your 
highness to hear me speak his good name?" 
Katherine: "Yes, good Griffith." Griffith 
is a Welsh name and was originally spelled 
Gryfyth. Three brothers came to America 
some time in the sixteen hundreds, land- 
ing at Philadelphia and settled on the 
Brandywine River. They became opulent, 
but through selling much of their prop- 
erty and exchanging it for continental 
money during the Revolutionary war be- 
came impoverished. 

The great-grandfather of Doctor Griffith 
was Joseph Griffith. He served as a sol- 
dier in the Revolution and was the first 
revolutionary soldier buried at Indianapo- 
lis — in 1823. A statement to Doctor 
Griffith from the War Department shows 
that there is eleven pounds of English 
money due the heirs of this Revolutionary 
patriot. Joseph Griffith married Mary 
Thornton, an Englishwoman. To them 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1327 



were born: Abraham in 1774: Sarah in 
1777; John in 1778; Joseph in 1780; Eliza- 
beth in 1783; and Amos in 1786. Doctor 
Gritifith's great-grandmother was lost in 
making a visit across the Allegheny ilonn- 
tains and no trace of her could be found. 

Abraham Griffith, grandfather of Doc- 
tor Griffith, was born in Chester County, 
Pennsylvania, November 30, 1774. He 
married Joanna John, a grand-aunt of D. 
P. John of Depauw University, October 
12, 1798. Joanna died August 12, 1815. in 
Frederick County, ilaryland. To Abra- 
ham and Joanna Griffith were born : 
Lydia T., Hannah, Thornton, Townsend, 
Bai-ton and Clifford. Abraham Griffith, 
with his brother, Amos, and sons Town- 
send and Barton, came West after the 
death of his wife, accompanied by two 
grown daughters, Lydia and Hannah, 
about 1822 or 1823. aiid settled in Coving- 
ton, Indiana. In 1824 Abraham Griffith 
took the contract to build the first jail at 
Crawfordsville for $243. He died at Craw- 
fordsville, June 19, 1829. His son Barton 
died in 1834. 

Thornton Griffith, father of Doctor 
Griffith, came West later than his father 
and brothers. He was born in Chester 
County, Pennsylvania, July 8, 1799. He 
was on the Island of Porto Rico in the 
summer of 1825, superintending the build- 
ing of a wharf for a Philadelphia sugar 
company. While there a three-masted 
schooner came into San Juan with a dou- 
ble decked cargo of 500 negroes from 
Africa, all in ilother Nature's costume. 
The negroes were unloaded on the beach 
to clean up, and the third day they de- 
parted for some American port. This 
exhibition of man's inhumanity to man 
made an abolitionist of Thornton Griffith. 
In the campaign of Gen. William Har- 
ri.son in Indiana in 1836, Thornton 
Griffith was honored by a committee of 
Crawfordsville citizens "to deliver the ad- 
dress, of welcome. February 4, 1836, he 
married Mary A. Hall, daughter of 
Thomas and Margaret (Herron) Hall. 
She was born in Newbury County, South 
Carolina, June 18, 1807. Her mother died 
in South Carolina, December 10, 1821, 
leaving several children. James F. Hall, 
brother of ]Mary, was one of the county 
commissioners that built the courthouse at 
Crawfordsville. Her father and mother 
were born in County Monaghan, Ireland, 



and landed at Charleston, South Carolina, 
in 1765. Two brothers of Thomas Hall 
were soldiers in the Revolutionary war in 
Gen. Francis Marion's army, one being 
an officer. 

Thornton Griffith and wife were mar- 
ried at "Fruits Corner," in Ripley Town- 
ship, Montgomery County, and moved in 
the spring of 18.36 to the wilds of Clinton 
County, on Wild Cat Creek, four miles 
northeast of Frankfort, on a 160-acre tract 
that had been entered from the govern- 
ment. Here in a log cabin they began the 
battle of life, with wolves and wild cats 
for nocturnal serenaders. Thornton 
Griffith taught school one year in a log 
schoolhouse with gi-ea.sed paper for win- 
dow lights and slabs with wooden legs for 
seats and slabs for flooring. About that 
time he was a candidate for the Legisla- 
ture on the whig ticket from the counties 
of Clinton and ilontgomery, which coun- 
ties were largely democratic. It was be- 
coming apparent that he would be elected 
when the democrats started a falsehood 
and defeated him. This so disgusted him 
that he would never again consent to be 
a candidate for office. He was a man of 
pleasing address, an ea.sy and fluent speak- 
er, invincible in argument, a great reader 
and possessed of a splendid memory. He 
wa.s a member of the Friends Church, but 
had a broad catholicity characteristic of 
his benevolent spirit. In his later years 
when "moved" he frequently preached to 
the Friends. He died at his home in Dar- 
lington, June 23. 1869. The three chil- 
dren born into the Clinton County home 
were: Thomas J., born April 2, 1837; 
Joanna 'SI., born November 25, 1839; 
Nancy E., born August 1, 1842. Joanna 
died February 13, 1865, from cerebro- 
spinal meningitis; Nancy E. was married 
December 19, 1861, to Joseph Binford, and 
now resides at Crawfordville. 

The mother of these children has been 
described as a noble, thoughtful woman, 
devoted to her home and family, and was 
a devout Presbyterian. She died Novem- 
ber 3, 1886. Her father deserves men- 
tion. Being convinced that slavery wa.s 
wrong and being unable to free his "slaves 
in South Carolina, as there was a statute 
against such action, he told his negroes to 
look around and choose their masters with- 
out breaking families. This they did. He 
then removed to Butler County, Ohio, and 



1328 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



remained there about two years, when with 
liis cliildren, Thomas. John A., Mary A., 
Elizabeth, Nancy and Henry L., he came 
to Ripley Township, ^Montgomery County, 
locating- at what is now Fruits Corner in 
1829. He bought a large farm and died 
there in 1848. For fifty years he was a 
ruling elder in the Associate Reformed 
Presbyterian Church. 

Townsend Griffith, one of the brothers 
of Thornton Griffith, wa.s born in Chester 
County, Penns.vlvania, April 4, 1801, and 
came to Crawfordsville in 1822. Novem- 
ber 1, 1827, he married ]\Iahala Catter- 
lin. She was the daughter of Ephraim 
Catterlin, a pioneer settler near Craw- 
fordsville. Townsend Griffith was promi- 
nent in the early development of the 
county, both in politics and civic afifairs. 
In the summer of 1852 he made a busi- 
ness trip to Minnesota and died of cholera 
June 2, 1852. at Galena. Illinois. After a 
time his remains were brought home aJid 
laid to rest in the Masonic Cemetery. Of 
the children of To^^^lsend Griffith and wife 
a brief record is as follows: Matilda, one 
of the first children born in Crawfordsville, 
married Ben.jamin Galey, who died many 
years ago and she passed away in her 
eighty-fifth year. Sarah A. was married 
to George Worbington, of a prominent 
family of Montgomery County, and died 
many years ago. Ephraim C. and Amanda 
were twins, born January 5, 1833 ; Amanda 
became the wife of Morgan Snook, a son 
of Dr. Henry Snook, a prominent pioneer 
physician of :\Iontgomei-y County; 
Ephraim married February 14, 1855, 
Mary J. Brassfield, who was born Ausrust 
5, 1837, Ephraim died February 11, 1901, 
and was noted for his hustling business 
ability. His widow is now living with 
her son Howard. Ephraim and wife had 
the following children : George, well 
known as an architect; Frank E., who 
died young ; William Douglas, who married 
December 14, 1910, Agnes A. Walsh; How- 
ard E. and Birdie, all of whom live in 
Crawfordsville. ]\Iary Griffith, the next 
child of Townsend Griffith and wife, mar- 
ried Charles Bowen and both are now de- 
ceased, their two surviving children being 
Arthur and Clara, the latter married and 
living in Kansas. Rebecca Griffith died 
in infancy. Abraham Griffith lived to 
manhood and was thrown from a horse 
and killed. John Warner Griffith was an 



express messenger from Indianapolis to 
St. Louis and wa.s killed iu a railroad 
wreck. 

George, a son of Ephraim and ^lav\' 
Griffith, married ilarch 10, 1880, Ida :\i. 
Coster. He was bom in Crawfordsville, 
Jlarch 12, 1856. William Douglas, another 
son of Ephraim, was born June 22, 1861 ; 
Frank E. was born June 2, 1858; and 
Howard E. was bom December 30, 1876. 
George and Ida Griffith have two .sons, 
Claude and Kai-1. Claude married Helen 
Nolan and has one son, and Karl is mar- 
ried and lives at ITrbana, Illinois, and has 
four daughters. 

Rev. Thoma.s Griffith, a cousin of Thorn- 
ton Griffith, was the first ]\Iethodist minis- 
ter in Crawfordsville. He preached in a 
small frame church where the present 
Methodist church now stands. He married 
Lucy Daniels, and was a brother-in-law 
of John Crawford, a pioneer merchant. 
Their .sons were John and Thomas B. 
John was a druggist and died many years 
ago, Thomas was a soldier in the famous 
Eighty-sixth Indiana Infantry in the Civil 
war, and after the war married, October 
15, 1864, Amanda Wilhite, by whom he 
had a son, William Griffith. Thomas 
Griffith died thirt.v-five ,veai-s ago and his 
remains lie in the ]\Iasonie Cemetery. Rev. 
Thomas Griffith is buried in the old Town 
cemetery. 

Amos Griffith, a brother of Abraham 
Griffith, the grandfather of Doctor Griffith, 
went to Warren County, Indiana, in 1830, 
and mari'ied an Indian woman with a large 
land inheritance. Doctor Griffith's father 
visited th«m in 1832, and their home was 
a model of cleanliness. No children were 
born to them. 

Dr. Thomas J. Griffith is a charter mem- 
ber of the Montgomery County Medical 
Society, organized forty-six .vears ago. and 
is the last living charter member. He is 
not only the oldest physician in the county 
in active practice, but the oldest in years 
of practice, his services covering fifty-one 
years. He is an ardent areheologist" and 
has a valuable collection of Indian relics 
which he ha.s been fift.v yeai*s in collecting. 
One rare relic is a mound builders copper 
axe found forty yeare ago in the eastern 
part of Madison Township in digging the 
state ditch. He has been offered $50 for 
it. The doctor is a member of McPher- 
son Post, Grand Army of the Republic, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1329 



and is a past post commander. Of this he 
is quite proud. He is secretary of the 
^Montgomery County Historical Society 
and is enthusiastic in its promotion. He 
is a charter member of the prohibition 
])arty in ^Montgomery County and cast the 
first'prohibition vote in Darlington for his 
favorite, John P. St. John, in 1884. For 
twelve years he was the party's county 
chairman. In religion he is a Unitarian. 

William V. Stot. More than forty 
years the business and social community 
of Lafayette knew and honored William 
V. Sto.v, merchant, public-spirited citizen, 
and a "man of many kindly and deep in- 
terests in thQ welfare of the community. 
Though he was seventy-three years old 
wlien the final summons came his death 
was regarded as a sad bereavement to that 
community when it came on November 3, 
1917. 

Mr. Stoy was bom at New Albany, In- 
diana, November 24, 1844, son of Peter 
and ]Mary (Wicks) Stoy. He was the last 
surviving member of a family of twelve 
children and he was the yoiingest. He grew 
up with the average opportunities and en- 
vironment of an Indiana boy, but acquired 
a liberal education, tinishing at De Pauw 
ITiiiversity. Coming to Lafayette, in 1874, 
Mr. Stoy established a carpet and furni- 
ture business in the same building which 
he occupied at the time of his death. In 
more than forty years this business had 
been built up to large proportions until it 
was considered one of the largest stores 
of its kind in this part of the state. Pros- 
perity came to him in generous measure, 
and while it was completely earned by 
ability and industry it was used not alone 
for the profit and advantage of ^Ir. Stoy. 
He was liberal in his attitude and in his 
support of all worthy public measures. As 
the editor of one of Lafayette's papers 
said: "He was a man who took an active 
interest in public affairs, was a liberal con- 
tributor to all public enterprises and a 
good citizen." 

For many years he was prominent in 
republican politics and came to be well 
known by the prominent republicans 
throughout the state. In former years he 
was a member of the Lincoln Club. He 
was a Knight Templar and thirty-second 
degree Scottish Rite Mason and a member 
of the Mystic Shrine. He took a verv 



active part in the Trinity Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. Mr. Stoy attributed much 
of his health and .strength to an active 
outdoor life. He owned a summer home 
at Ottawa Beach in ilichigan and spent 
every summer with his family there. 

On May 9, 1871, at New Albany, Mr. 
Stoy married Miss ilaiy Catherine 
Kendle, who survives him. Six children 
were born to their marriage, two of whom 
died in infancy. The other four are : ilrs. 
William M. Riach, of Chicago, who has 
one child, ilarjorie S. Riach ; Ray W., 
Mary V. and Katie J., all of Lafayette. 

Rev. John F. DeGroote, C. S. C. 
Among the members of the Catholic priest- 
hood there are found men of broad educa- 
tion, enlightened views and great religious 
enthusiasm, whose precept and teachings 
exercise a recognized influence for morality 
that must be adjudged one of the supreme 
factors in advancing any community. The 
Catholic priest is called upon to not only 
be a spiritual guide to his people, but he 
must also be possessed of an appreciable 
share of the kind of practicability that will 
enable him to advise and teach in the ordi- 
nary events of life, and to protect the in- 
terests of his flock while also promoting 
the temporal affairs of his parish. Much, 
in fact, is demanded of those wlio choose 
the unselfish life of the Catholic priest. 
Not all, as in other walks of life, are titled 
by nature for the same sum of responsi- 
bility, and perhaps few, under the same 
conditions, would have advanced to the 
important position now occupied by Rev. 
John F. DeGroote, pastor of Saiiit Pat- 
rick's Catholic Church of South Bend. 

Father DeGroote was born at ilisha- 
waka. Saint Joseph County, Indiana, Au- 
gust 27. 1866, his parents being Benja- 
min and Catherine (Woods) DeGroote. 
His father was born at Ghent, Belgium, 
in 1827, and as a young man emigrated 
to the United States, becoming an early 
settler and pioneer farmer of the vicin- 
ity of Mishawaka, where he passed the 
remainder of his life in agricultural pur- 
suits and died in 1912, at the age of eighty- 
five years. He was a democrat in poli- 
tics, but was content to pass his life in 
the peaceful pursuits of husbandry, and 
never sought any honors save tho.se to be 
gained from honorable transactions with 
his fellow men and a co-operation with 



1330 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



them in good and l)enefifial work. Mrs. 
DeGroote, who was born in County Monag- 
han, Ireland, in 1833, was a young woman 
when she came to the United States, and 
died at Mishawaka, Indiana, in 1885. She 
was first married to Francis McCabe, a car- 
penter and general mechanic, who died at 
Mishawaka, and they had one child : Sarah, 
who is the wife of I. V. Roy, a retired 
citizen of Mishawaka. Mr. and Mrs. De- 
Groote had two children: Charles, who is 
superintendent of the paint department 
of the Dodge factory at ^Mishawaka ; and 
Rev. John F. 

Rev. John F. DeGroote was educated in 
the parochial schools of ]\Iishawaka for his 
preliminary training, following which he 
enrolled as a student at Notre Dame Uni- 
versity. There he took classical and theo- 
logical courses, philosophy and theology, 
spending seven years iii study, and was 
ordained to the priesthood of the Catholic 
Church, July 19, 1893. He said his first 
mass at Saint Joseph's Church, Misha- 
waka, two days later, and was shortly 
thereafter appointed prefector of disci- 
pline of Saint Edward's College, Austin, 
Texas, where he remained for one year. 
Following this he filled a similar position 
at Holy Cross College for three years at 
New Orleans, Louisiana, and was next 
made assistant pastor of Sacred Heart 
Church in that citv, and remained as such 
two years. On ]\Iarch 29, 1899, Father 
DeGroote was appointed pastor of Saint 
Patrick's Church at South Bend, Indiana, 
and here has remained to the present time. 
This church was established in 1858 by the 
Rev. Father Thomas Carroll. At that time 
it was a small but earnest parish, being 
noted more for its zeal and religious en- 
thusiasm than for its numbers. It has 
steadily grown in size imtil it now has 400 
families in its congregation, and its fervor 
and spirit have lost nothing in the passing 
of the years. The old church was located 
on Division Street, but in 1886 it was 
found necessarj- to have a larger edifice 
for the worshipers, and a brick structure 
was accordingly erected on Taylor Street, 
where there is a seating capacity of 800 
people. In addition, to the church there 
are the buildings of Saint Joseph's 
Academy, Saint Patrick's Parochial School 
for the boj's of the parish, and the rec- 
tory. Father DeGroote has been tireless in 
working in the interests of his parishion- 



ers, among whom he is greatly beloved. 
He is entitled to write the initials C. S. C. 
after his name, being a member of the 
Congregation of the Holy Cross. He 
holds membership in South Bend Coun- 
cil No. 553, Knights of Columbus. He is 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce and 
of the Country Club. He has taken an ac- 
tive and useful part in various civic move- 
ments calculated to benefit the community, 
and can always be found associated with 
other leading citizens of South Bend in 
the advancement of enterprises making 
for higher morals, educational advance- 
ment and better citizenship. 

Elmer and Ch.\rles Elmer Crockett. 
For eighty-five years the Crockett family 
has been well and favorabh' known in 
Saint Jaseph County, and during all this 
period its members have been prominently 
identified with this community's material 
progress and financial interests. The 
Crockett family of this notice traces its 
ancestry back along the same line as that 
of Davy Crockett, the great American 
pioneer hunter, politician and humorist, 
member of Congi-ess from Tennessee, and 
soldier during the Texan war, who lost 
his life at Fort Alamo with a number of 
other patriots. The family is also con- 
nected with Anthony Crockett, who served 
for two years, from 1776, in Colonel Jlor- 
gan's regiment during the Revolutionary 
war. He was born in the County of Prince 
Edward, Virginia, and when a boy moved 
with his parents to Bothloust County in 
the same state, where he enlisted in the 
patriot army for two years, joining 
Thomas Po.sey's company. Seventh Vir- 
ginia Regiment. This regiment was com- 
manded by Col. Alexander MeConahan. 
The company marched to Old Point Com- 
fort and after the battle of Princeton went 
to Philadelphia, where it joined Colonel 
Morgan's regiment, and its members were 
discharged in February, 1778 : Crockett 
then joined Capt. Jesse Evans' company 
as first lieutenant and left home with this 
company ilarch 16, 1779. for Long Island, 
the trip being made down the Tennessee 
River by boat, during which journey there 
were several skirmishes with the Indians. 
In the winter of 1779 Captain Evans' 
company was ordered back to Virginia to 
recruit more men, and in 1781 Lieutenant 
Crockett returned to Kentucky and was 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1331 



stationed at Gordon's Station, in Lincoln 
County, being frequently in pursuit of the 
Indiaiis during 1782. With Captain Ray 
he marched to Pi(iua, Ohio, and remained 
there until the close of the war. One of 
the executors of his will, William R. Crock- 
ett, was secured for the executors for 
$30,000. 

Shellim Crockett, the grandfather of 
Charles E. Crockett and father of Elmer 
Crockett, was born in Kentucky in 1818, a 
son of Robert Crockett, who was engaged 
in farming for some years in the vicinity 
of Lexington, Kentucky, later moved to 
Ohio, and died at South Bend. Shellim 
Crockett was still a lad when taken by his 
parents to Ohio and was there reared until 
he reached the age of fourteen years, the 
family's arrival in Saint Joseph County, 
Indiana, being in the year 1832. One 
of the pioneer residents of the county, he 
also became one of the first merchants of 
South Bend, and is still well remembered 
by man.y of the older residents of the city 
as a man of sterling and sturdy traits of 
character, upright and straightforward in 
his dealings and true to his engagements. 
He was a republican in politics after that 
party was organized, and a member of the 
Christian Church, ilr. Crockett married 
Louise Ireland, who was born in 1824 in 
Saint Joseph County, and died in 1848 in 
Elkhart County, Indiana, and they became 
the parents of the following children : 
Garrett, who died while holding the seat 
of county .judge of Josephine County, 
Oregon; John C, who died as a young 
man at South Bend; Elmer; and Wallace, 
who died at South Bend at the age of twen- 
ty-three .years. 

Elmer Crockett received his education 
in the public schools of South Bend and 
Mishawaka, Indiana, and when he was fif- 
teen years of age began to learn the prin- 
ter's trade at the latter place. He was 
born September 1, 1844, in Saint Joseph 
County, Indiana, and therefore had not 
yet reached his ma.iority when he enlisted, 
in 1865, in the One" Hundred Thirty- 
Eighth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, with which organization he served 
six months in the Union Army during the 
Civil war. Returning to his home, he be- 
gan to divide his time between securing 
an education and learning the printer's 
trade, but when he was twenty-two years 
of age left school, and in 1867 came to 
South Bend, to become foreman in the 



plant of the Saint Joseph Vallej^ Register. 
In 1872, in companv with his brother-in- 
law, Alfred B. Miller, Mr. Crockett 
founded the South Bend Tribune, with 
which he has been connected ever since. 
This paper proved a success from the start, 
and as the years passed the partners grad- 
ually enlarged their plant and equipment 
and finally organized the Tribune Print- 
ing Company, of which at the time of Mr. 
ililler's death in 1892 ilr. Crockett was 
elected president, a position which he still 
retains. The offices and plant of this con- 
cern are located at No. 128 North Main 
Street, and the entire establishment is 
modern in every particular and conducted 
in a manner that serves as a model for 
others to follow. 

Aside from the Tribune Printing Com- 
pany Mr. Crockett's interests are numer- 
ous, important and varied. He is presi- 
dent of the Building and Loan Association 
of South Bend, an association with a capi- 
tal of $2,000,000, and for years he has 
been one of the trustees of the Saint Joseph 
Countj" Savings Bank. As a citizen he 
has been prominent in movements which 
have aided South Bend to better things, 
and during the building of the new court- 
house was a member of the citizen's ad- 
visory committee. He is now treasurer of 
the Riverview Cemetery Association, and 
was fonnerly president of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of South 
Bend. During the past forty years he has 
been a member of the Presbyterian Church 
and an elder thereof, and for twenty years 
served as superintendent of the Sunday 
school, while in many other ways he has 
helped to encourage religion, morality and 
good citizenship. Politically a republican, 
in 1888 he was honored by the appoint- 
ment as postmaster of South Bend, under 
the administration of President Harrison, 
and served with distinction in that office 
for five years. During the campaigns of 
1898 and 1900 Mr. Crockett was a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Central Com- 
mittee in addition to serving as chairman 
of the State Newspaper Bureau at that 
time. As a fraternalist ]\Ir. Crockett has 
been equally prominent. He belongs to 
Portage Lodge No. 675, Ancient Free and 
Accepted ^lasons: South Bend Chapter 
No. 29, Royal Arch Mason ; was grand 
high priest of the gi-and chapter of Indi- 
ana in 1889 and 1890; belongs to South 
Bend Council No. 82, Royal and Select 



1332 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Masters ; South Bend Commandery No. 13, 
Knight Templars; and to Port Wayne 
Consistory, thirty-second degree of Ma- 
sonry, being also a member of Murat Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, Indianapolis. He has never 
forgotten his experiences while in the army 
of his coimtry, and now belongs to Nor- 
man Eddy Post No. 579, Grand Army of 
the Republic. He was senior vice com- 
mander of the Department of Indiana in 
1896 ; and has been commander of Nor- 
man Eddy Post No. 579, as well as of Au- 
ten Post No. 8, South Bend, to which he 
formerly belonged. 

In 1868, at South Bend, Mr. Crockett 
was married to Miss Anna Miller, daugh- 
ter of ex-Sheriff B. F. and Eliza (Baird) 
Miller, both of whom are now deceased, 
and to this union there have been born 
children as follows: Addie, who died at 
the age of two years; Frank, who also 
died at that age ; Charles Elmer ; .Ethel, 
who is the wife of MZL Fuller, a manu- 
facturer of wagons at Chattanooga, Tennes- 
see; and Donuell, who died at the age of 
seven j^ears. 

Charles Elmer Crockett was bom at 
South Bend, Indiana, August 8, 1876, and 
was given excellent educational advan- 
tages in his youth, first attending the pub- 
lic schools of South Bend and being grad- 
uated from the high school with the class 
of 1894, subsequently entering Wabash 
College and graduating with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts in 1898, and later re- 
ceiving the honorary' degi'ee of Master of 
Arts from the same institution in 1908. 
He was a member of the Delta Tau Delta 
and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities, and when 
his course was completed entered at once 
the office of the Tribune Printing Com- 
pany, of which he is now secretarv^ and 
treasurer. Mr. Crockett is a director in 
the South Bend Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation and in the Riverview Cemetery 
Association. He is a Republican in his po- 
litical views and a member and trustee of 
the First Presbyterian Church. Mr. 
Crockett is, like his father, interested in 
Masonry and belongs to Portage Lodge No. 
675, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
of which he is a past master by service; 
South Bend Chapter No. 29, Royal Arch 
Masons, of which he is past high priest; 
South Bend Commandery No. 13, Knights 
Templar; South Bend Council No. 82, 
Royal and Select Masters, and Indianapolis 



Consistory, thirty-second degree of Ma- 
sonry; and is also a member of Murat 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, of Indianapolis. He 
also holds membership in the Country 
Club of South Bend and in the South Bend 
Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Crockett was married in April, 
1906, at South Bend, to Miss Edna Sum- 
mers, daughter of Wilson and Helen 
(Powell) Summei-s, the latter deceased and 
the former a retired resident of Charlotte, 
Michigan. To this union there have come 
two children : Elizabeth Ann, born Janu- 
ar\' 24, 1907 ; and Helen Jane, born April 
4, 1914. 

John Chess Ellsworth. To success- 
fully carry on any large business enter- 
prise in these modern days of strenuous 
competition and changing markets, re- 
quires optimism, covirage and other stable 
qualities not possessed by everv one. In 
the commercial field merchandising occu- 
pies so large a place that it may well be 
named one of a community's first and last 
necessities. For almost a half century the 
Ellsworth name has been connected with 
a mercantile business at South Bend, and 
during the long passage of years the busi- 
ness has been quietly developed and ex- 
panded, through honest methods and able 
management, until now it stands among 
the foremost in this section of Indiana. 
Founded by the father of its present own- 
er, John Chess Ellsworth, it kept pace 
with the rapid development of the city, 
and since his death the same business 
ethics have been preserved as its activities 
and accommodations have been increased to 
meet wider demands. 

John Chess Ellsworth was born at South 
Bend, Indiana, December 20, 1877. His 
parents were Frederick D. and Nellie 
(Chess) Ellsworth. Frederick D. Ells- 
worth was horn in 1848, at Mishawaka, 
Indiana, and died at South Bend in 1897. 
He was reared in his native place and edu- 
cated there but in early manhood came 
to South Bend. His father, James Ells- 
worth, was born in the State of New York 
in 1817, where his English ancestors had 
been early settlers. James Ellsworth was 
a civil engineer by profession and made his 
first visit to Indiana in that line of work. 
He located permanently at ilishawaka and 
died there in 1852. 

In 1872 Frederick D. Ellsworth em- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1333 



barked in a mercantile business at South 
Bend, in a modest way, having some knowl- 
edge of dry goods, and a keen, practical 
business sense, and from the start was 
prosperous and through his sagacity safely 
guided his enterprise through subsequent 
various depressed business periods and 
panics. He continued active in the man- 
agement of his affairs until his death. He 
was a republican in his political views but 
never desired any public office, although 
he was an interested citizen and favored 
all measures that promised to benefit the 
city. He was a faithful member of the 
Episcopal Church, which was largely his 
agent in the distribution of his charities. 
He was married in this city to Miss Nellie 
Chess, who was born at South Bend in 1850 
and died here in 1900. They had but one 
child born to them, John Chess. 

Johu Chess Ellsworth attended the pub- 
lic schools at South Bend and remained 
in the high school through his sophomore 
year and then became a student in Phillips 
Academy at Exeter, New Hampshire, from 
where he was graduated in 1896. Upon 
his return home he entered his father's 
business and has continued interested here 
ever since and is sole owner. Mr. Ells- 
worth owns the handsome store building 
at Nos. 111-117 North Michigan Street, 
where he has a large amount of floor space 
and carries a .stock second to none in 
Nortliern Indiana. He has other property 
at South Bend, including his comfortable 
and attractive residence at No. 310 Wash- 
ington Street, South Bend. 

Mr. Ellsworth was married at Lowell, 
Massachusetts, in 1903, to Miss Alice 
Chalifaux, who is a daugliter of J. L. and 
Helene Chalifaux, the latter of whom still 
resides at Lowell. The father of :\Ii-s. Ells- 
worth was formerly a prominent merchant 
in that city and his death occurred there. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth have four chil- 
dren, three daughters and one .son, namely 
Helene, Frederick, Phyllis and Alice. 

Wliile not particularly active politically, 
Mr. Ellsworth is a loyal republican and "a 
patriotic citizen. He is a Knight Templar 
Mason, belonging to St. Joseph Lodge No. 
45, Ancient Free ajid Accepted Ma.sons; 
South Bend Chapter No. 29, Roval Arch 
Masons: and South Bend Couimandei-v 
No. 13, Knights Templar. He is identified 
also with South Bend Lodge No. 235 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks! 
Organizations of a social nature in which 



3Ir. Ellsworth finds congenial companion- 
ship are the Indiana Society and the In- 
diana and the Country clubs. He is a 
director in the First "National Bank of 
South Bend. 

JuLitJS G. SiEGEET is One of the most 
interesting men of Northern Indiana, not 
only because of his long record as a teacher, 
but especially for the fact that for over 
half a century he has been connected with 
St. John's parochial school in the City of 
LaPorte. A year or so ago he celebrated 
his fiftieth anniversary as a teacher in 
those schools. In rec«nt years it has been 
his privilege to supervise the education 
of some young people who are grandchil- 
dren of some of his first pupils in St. 
John 's. 

Mr. Siegert was born in the City of 
Breslau, Prussia, but has lived in America 
since early boyhood. His father, Samuel 
G. Siegert, was bom in the same city 
and was liberally educated and became an 
educator. He began teaching in young 
manhood, and taught in Germany" until 
1854. He then brought his family to Amer- 
ica and was on the ocean thirteen weeks 
battling with the waves before landing at 
New York City. Prom tliere he went to 
Buffalo and was a teacher in the parochial 
schools several years. Later he moved to 
Des Peres, Missouri, and was connected 
with the parochial schools of that commu- 
nity until his death at the advanced age 
of seventy-eight. He married Susanna 
Schultz, who died in Germany. She was 
the mother of three children: Julius G. ; 
Charles, a resident of Chicago ; and Mary, 
who married A. Levine, of Chicago. 

Julius G. Siegert attended parochial 
.schools taught by his father, and later took 
the normal course in Concordia College at 
Fort Wayne. While he was an attendant 
there the college was moved to Addison, 
Illinois. He gi-aduated in 1867, and his 
first assignment of duty was as a teacher 
in St. John's parochial school at LaPorte. 
There has been no important interruption 
to the steady flow of his service and his 
duty, and in 1917, this school, its patrons 
and hundreds of its former students 
celebrated his fiftieth anniversarv as a 
teacher. Seldom does such di.stinguished 
honor come to a man wlio has grown old 
in a service that represents the highest 
toi-m of usefulness. 

Mr. Siegert married in 1869 Miss 



1334 



INDIANA AND INDIAXANS 



Louisa Fenker. She was born in Cin- 
cinnati, daughter of Henry and Sophie 
Fenker, both natives of Germany. Mrs. 
Siegert died in August, 1910. Mr. Sie- 
gert besides six children who grew iip 
in his home also has a number of grand- 
children. His own children are named 
Julia, Emma, Matilda, Lydia, Anna and 
Paul. Julia is the wife of Charles Mid- 
dledorf, and her four children are Hul- 
dah, Julius, Carl and Ruth. Emma was 
married to Christopher Borman. Matilda 
married George Ulrich and has nine chil- 
dren, Marie, Louis, Carl, Elsie, Margaret 
and Eloise, twins, Pauline and Louise, 
twins, and Adelle. Lydia Siegert be- 
came the wife of Henry Paul and has 
four children, Mai'garet, Louis, Otto and 
Harriet. Anna was married to Fred Zim- 
merman and has three sons, Ralph, Edgar 
and Frederick. Paul, the only son of 
'Sir. Siegert has a son named Julius. 

Professor Siegert is a member of the 
^\"alther League and is chairman of Branch 
No. 50 of the Concordia Society. 

ilARTiN LuECKE has for fifteen years 
directed the administration and the educa- 
tional ideals of one of Indiana's oldest 
and most important institutions of higher 
learning, Concordia College at Fort 
Wayne. There are men all over the world 
who gratefully recognize their debt to Con- 
cordia College. It has been a training 
ground not only for ministers and teachers 
of the Lutheran Church but for men in all 
the walks and professions. 

Concordia College was founded in 1839 
in Perry County, Missouri, by some Luth- 
eran refugees from Saxony. It was first 
taught in a log cabin. Later it was re- 
moved to the City of St. Louis, and when 
St. Louis became almost a battleground 
of the Civil war the institution was re- 
moved in 1861 to Fort Wayne, Indiana. 
Here it was reorganized and in a measure 
replaced the Lutheran Seminary. For over 
fifty years it has continued its usefulness 
and growth and is now one of the largest 
and most influential Lutheran schools in 
America. It has always emphasized the 
training of young men for the Lutheran 
ministry, though from time to time other 
departments have been created until the 
college provides" practicall.y all the facilities 
of a university. For several years the col- 
lege has offered instruction and training in 



military work. The campus now contains 
eighteen substantial buildings, including 
six residences, lecture hall, dormitory, din- 
ing hall, gymnasium, heating plant, hos- 
pital and armory. 

Much of the physical growth and up- 
building of the institution has been accom- 
plished during the presidency of Dr. 
Martin Luecke. A native American, he 
was born at Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, 
June 22, 1859, son of Christian and Emily 
(Von Henning) Luecke. He was not a 
stranger to Fort Wayne and Concoi'dia 
College when he entered upon the presi- 
dency, since he had taken his preparatory 
work here, graduating from the prepara- 
tory department in 1878. In 1881 he 
graduated from Concordia Theological 
Seminary at St. Louis, and began his duties 
as a minister of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church at Bethaltho. Illinois. He was sta- 
tioned there from 1881 to 1884 and at 
Troy. Illinois, from 1884 to 1892, in both 
of which places he performed some highly 
effective work. From 1892 until 1903 he 
was pastor of a large church at Springfield, 
Illinois, and during that time held several 
positions in the Synods of ^Missouri, Ohio, 
and other states. While at Springfield he 
founded the Springfield Hospital and 
Training School in 1897. 

Doctor Luecke became president and pro- 
fessor of New Testament Greek and Re- 
ligion at Concordia College in 1903. Along 
with his work as a pastor and school ad- 
ministrator he has done much research 
and is a thorough scholar. He is aiithor of 
a History of the Civil war of the United 
States, published in 1892; a History of 
Concordia Seminary at Springfield, Illi- 
nois, published in 1896 : Svnopsis of the 
Holy History of the Old aiid New Testa- 
ment, published in 1906 : and of a Short 
Life of Christ, published in 1911. Doctor 
Luecke married in 1882 Sina ^Fansholt of 
Dorsey, Illinois. Their son, Martin H. 
Luecke, is one of the prominent lawyers 
of Fort Wayne. 

Lrci.vN Barbour was born at Canton, 
Connecticut, ]\Iarch 4, 1811. He gradu- 
ated at Amherst in 1837, working his wav 
thi'ough college, and then removed to Mad- 
ison, Indiana, where he read law with 
Stephen C. Stephens, one of the judges of 
the Supreme Court of the state. In 1839 
he located at Indianapolis, and formed a 






f 




9ri^^,^^i^ 



INDIANA AND INDIAXAXS 



1335 



partnership with Jiidgre Wm. W. Wicks. 
During this partnership he wrote a work 
on justices of the peace, which was pub- 
lished as "Wicks & Barbour's Treatise." 
He was subsequently associated at various 
times in partnerships with Albert G. Por- 
ter, John D. Rowland, Charles P. Jacobs, 
Charles W. Smith and James Laird. 

Mr. Barbour was originally a democrat, 
and served as United States District At- 
torney for Indiana under President Polk. 
He was also one of the three commission- 
ei*s who prepared the Civil and Criminal 
Codes of Practice under the Constitution 
of 1851. He left the party on the slavery 
issue, and in 1854 was elected to Congress 
from the Indianapolis district as a fusion- 
ist, defeating Thomas A. Hendricks. He 
served for one term, 1855-7, and then re- 
sumed the practice of law, which he con- 
tinued until his death, at Indianapolis, 
July 19, 1880. 

Benjamin F. Dunn. An experienced, 
honest, upright realty dealer would be the 
first to agree to the statement that in few 
lines of bu.siness is there more urgent call 
for careful study than in real estate trans- 
actions. The papers that enter into vari- 
ous agreements whether the investor is 
buying a cottage, a palace, a farm or a 
gold mine, are apt to be complex and a 
little beyond the ordinary understanding, 
hence a wise man will select his real estate 
dealer with as much caution as any other 
valuable possession in life. Should he 
come to South Bend the difficulty would 
be as nothing for every representative citi- 
zen would name Benjamin F. Dunn, who 
is one of the oldest, largest and thoroughly 
responsible realty men of this city, with an 
experience covering thirty-six years. 

Benjamin F. Dunn was born June 14, 
1833, in Saint Joseph County, Indiana. 
His parents were Reynolds and Phoebe 
(Tatman) Dunn. Reynolds Dunn was born 
in 1793, in New Jersey, and was a son 
of Reuben Dunn, who was of Engli.sh an- 
cestry. Reynolds Dunn remained in his 
native state until manhood and then went 
to Green County. Ohio, and from there 
in 1831 to Saint Joseph County, Indiana. 
There he became a man of political im- 
portance, a staunch democrat, and was 
elected a.s.soeiate judge. He owned a farm 
in Saint Joseph County that was retained 
in the family until recent vears. In 1854 



Reynolds Dunn retired and removed to 
South Bend, where his death occurred in 
1860. He was a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and was an attendant on the 
services of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and a generous supporter of this 
religious body. 

In Greene County, Ohio, Reynolds Dunn 
was married to Phoebe Tatman, who was 
born there in 1800. She died at South 
Bend in 1863, a woman of noble character 
and innumerable virtues. To them the 
following children were born : Mary Jane, 
who died in Saint Joseph County, was 
the wife of Reuben Dunn, who is also de- 
ceased; Simeon, who died in youth; Eliza- 
beth, who died in Saint Joseph County, 
was the wife of Asher Egbert, who is also 
deceased; Martha, who was the wife of 
Andrew Kinney, a farmer in Saint Joseph 
County, died there as did her husband; 
James, who died on his farm in Saint Jo- 
seph County; Jeanette, who died in child- 
hood ; Benjamin F. ; Phoebe Aim. who mar- 
ried Robert ilyler and they lived on their 
farm in Saint Joseph County until they 
retired to South Bend, where both died'-; 
Harriet, who married Theodore Witherell, 
a jeweler in South Bend, and both died 
here; and John H.. who is a retired mer- 
chant of South Bend. 

During boyhood Benjamin F. Dunn at- 
tended the country schools and later had 
excellent training in the public schools of 
South Bend, leaving school when twenty 
years old to accept a clerkship in a South 
Bend Store. He continued in this capacity 
until 1860, when he took a trip to the west- 
ern country, and during a year of travel 
saw many wonders, visiting Pike's Peak 
and Rocky Mountain regions in Colorado. 
He was loyal to Indiana, however, and re- 
turned and for two years followed a 
marble and stone cutting business. This, 
however, was largely an experiment, and 
finding himself not particularly well satis- 
fied, turned his attention to mercantile pur- 
suits and continued until 1867, when he 
sold out, on account of failing health. In 
1868 Jlr. Dunn embarked in the manufac- 
ture of furniture and prospered until the 
panic of 1873, when his business, like hun- 
dreds of others, was swept away in the 
catacly.sm of that business depression pe- 
riod. 

From the standpoint of a young man 
seeing a business opening every line is apt 



1336 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



to seem crowded, but Mr. Dunn did not 
lose courage, and after a temporaiy return 
to a clerkship the path in 1881 opened to 
the business in which he has amassed a com- 
fortable fortune and additionally has built 
up a reputation for trustworthiness and 
public spirit. In this year he went into 
the real estate and loan business, a line of 
endeavor for which he has been particu- 
larly well fitted. Through his efforts a 
large amount of outside capital has been 
brought to South Bend, and many of the 
finest residence sections have come into be- 
ing. He owns a large amount of property, 
including his residence at No. 203 South 
Lafayette Street, where he has lived for 
over sixty years. In addition to his in- 
terests mentioned he is vice-president of 
the Saint Joseph County Savings Bank. 

Mr. Dunn was married at South Bend 
in October, 1864, to Miss Mary Hamilton, 
who was born in Pennsylvania and died 
at South Bend in 1905, the mother of three 
children and one grandchild, as follows: 
Grace, who is the wife of John G. Schurz, 
a traveling agent in the matter of sj-ste- 
matizing business methods, an expert and 
they have one son, Franklin Dunn 
Schurz ; Flora, who is the wife of F. A. 
Miller, the able editor of the South Bend 
Tribune; and Blanche, who resides with 
her father. 

ilr. Dunn identifies himself politically 
as an independent democrat. He has 
never desired public office but has served 
for eleven years as a member of the school 
board. From youth he has been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church and for 
forty years has been a trustee of the First 
Methodist Church here. Many years ago 
he assisted in building the old church and 
later gave equal help when the new edifice 
took the place of the old one. He has en- 
couraged many worthy enterprises here and 
is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, 
the Y. M. C. A. and the Country Club. 

Desiderius D. Nemeth, secretary of the 
St. Jo.seph County Bar Association, came 
to South, Bend ten years ago and has 
achieved a high reputation in his profes- 
sion and is well known in local civic and so- 
cial affairs. 

He was born in the town of Nagy-Sza- 
lonta, in the county of Bihar, Hungary. 
His father, William Nemeth, was bom at 
Belenyes in the same county, served an 



apprenticeship as a blacksmith, but on ac- 
count of failing health became a tailor and 
followed his trade at Nagy-Szalonta and 
later at Arad. He died at the age of thirty- 
two. His wife, Amelia Sonnenfeld, was 
born at Arad, and she came to America 
in 1893 and is now living at South Bend. 

D. D. Nemeth attended school steadily 
in his native land from the age of six to 
twenty -two, receiving the A. B. and il. S. 
degrees. In 1892 he went to Paris, study- 
ing one year in that city, and in 1893 came 
to the United States, where he entered 
the University of the City of New York. 
He was graduated in law from that insti- 
tution in 1897. After that he had to wait 
two years before he could secure his natur- 
alization papers, and immediately then 
was admitted to practice. In the mean- 
time he had been in the government service 
as an interpreter at the immigrant station 
on Ellis Island. Leaving the east he spent 
two years in Arizona, also acting as a 
United States Immigration Inspector on 
the Mexican border for two years. 

Mr. Nemeth located at South Bend in 
1907 and has enjoyed a good law practice 
and is also in the insurance business. He 
has been honored for three consecutive 
terms as secretary of the Bar Association. 
He is a member of several fraternities and 
also the Country Club. 

James B. Elmore. A minor distinction 
attaching to the Indiana school of authors 
is that even the more successful in the 
financial sense have chosen to remain at 
home, close to the original source of their 
inspiration. They are known as casual 
visitors, not as resident members of the 
metropolitan literary centers. James B. 
Elmore, the "bard of Alamo," whose verse 
has been read "round the world," is still 
at Alamo, where his genius was forged in 
a peaceful Indiana landscape, some consid- 
erable portion of which he has acquired 
"in fee" as he long ago acquired it by 
poetic license, and is busy with livestock 
and crops as well as the implements of 
literature. 

Mr. Elmore was born January 25, 1857, 
at the little town of Alamo in Ripley town- 
ship of Montgomery County. Alamo is his 
home toda.v, and while at different times in 
the passing years he has made excureions 
to distant scenes he has always returned, 
and he has no other thought todav than 



INDIANA AND INDIAXANS 



1337 



that Alamo will be his home the rest of his 
life. He is a son of Matthias and :Mary 
(Willis) Elmore, ilatthias Elmore, who 
was born in Ohio in 1809 and died in 1892, 
had a meager education during his youth, 
going no further than "the rule of three" 
in mathematics. Being a gi'eat reader and 
a man of keen perceptions he practically 
acquired an education and a good one at 
that by his own efforts. He took a keen 
interest in politics and in early days was a 
whig. He was a carpenter by trade and 
helped construct the first Methodist Epis- 
copal Church at Crawfordsville. His chief 
life work, however, was farming. Matthias 
Elmore was three times married. By his 
first marriage he had seven children and 
six by his second wife, but none by the last 
union. His first wife was a coiisin of 
"William English, a well kno\vn political 
leader and capitalist in Indianapolis. His 
third wife was Virginia Kyle. Of the 
thirteen children only five are now living. 
James B. Elmore's father was of Scotch 
descent and his mother of Dutch lineage, 
and a native of Ohio. 

James B. Elmore grew up on a farm, 
working in the summer and going to school 
in the winter until he reached the age of 
fifteen. He then entered the Alamo 
Academy, where he graduated in a large 
class. Among his classmates were N. J. 
Clodfelter, poet and noveli.st: William 
Humphrey, member of Congress from the 
state of Washington : Oswald Humphrey, 
president of Cornell University; Eva Clod- 
felter Ballard, a novelist ; William Den- 
man, a former public official of Putnam 
County; and Albert Gilkey, a large hard- 
ware merchant of Oklahoma. 

ilr. Elmore's ambitions to obtain a col- 
legiate training were never realized. But 
schools and colleges do not make poets, 
great doctors, professional men of any 
kind, they merely afford a more convenient 
opportunitiy for young men of talents to 
acquire their preliminary training. Thus 
it was with Mr. Elmore. The practical 
experiences of day by day living, and a 
vast amount of miscellaneous reading have 
supplied him with those materials out of 
which character and success are molded. 

For twenty years Mr. Elmore taught 
school, chiefly in winter terms, farming 
during the summer. On February 14. 1880, 
he married Miss Mary Ann Murray, of 
Nevada City, Missouri. She was born in 



Missouri :\Iay 23, 1863, daughter of James 
and ^lary Ann (Templin) Murray, her 
father a native of Kentuelry'. Mr. and Mrs. 
Elmore had five children : Maude L. and 
Nora now deceased ; Roscoe M., born Oc- 
tober 1, 1882, married ^lyrtle Lattimore 
and became a successful teacher; Grace, 
born January 17, 1885, wife of Nathan 
Drolinger ; and Albert Murray, born Sep- 
tember 20, 1889, who married Lula M. Seits 
and has two children, James Byron, Jr., 
named in honor of his gi-andfather, and 
^Margaret Angeline. 

ilr. Elmore has always acknowledged a 
great debt to his wife. He paid her a 
delicate tribute in a little autobiographical 
sketch he wrote at one time in the following 
words: "Unlike the bachelor poets of his 
time, ilr. Elmore sings of nature, romance 
and love, such as they can never do. Their 
dreams, as of 'Sweethearts of Long Ago,' 
never materialized except through the 
my.stic smoke of tobacco fumes and nepen- 
the of varied mysterious spirits of the low- 
er regions. Elmore loves the pure and un- 
detiled idyls that roam about the woods and 
pastures, whose visions and inspirations 
come by breathing the sweet aroma of the 
beautiful flowers which charm the gods of 
the universe and harmonize every element 
of human nature in a beautiful paragon 
of love, where man ever rests in that 
beautiful and blissful abode of everlast- 
ing happines.s." 

Through the various years of his work 
as a teacher Mr. Elmore wrote occasional 
poems for the newspapers. It was at the 
request of his wife in 1898 that he published 
his first volume of poems, a volume that 
had a wide run of popularity and served to 
make his name more widely appreciated. 
It was comparatively early in his career 
that Mr. Jes.se Greene of Crawfordsville 
christened him the Bard of Alamo, and 
it is by that title he is doubtless most 
widely known. Some of his best verse 
was written while he was in school, two 
poems of gi-eat merit dating from that 
period of his life being "The Belle of 
Alamo," and the "Red Bird." The first 
book title was "Love Among the ilistletoe 
and other Poems." Two years later this 
was followed by "A Lover in Cuba and 
Other Poems." A few years later came his 
third volume of verse "Twenty-five years 
in Jaekville" and a romance in the "Days 
of the Golden Circle." His last volume 



1338 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



bears the title "Autumn Roses." He is 
just completing a work which goes to press 
shortly tinder title of "Nature Poems." 
Mr. Elmore has also appeared before many 
cultured audiences as a lecturer, his serv- 
ices being in demand by many colleges and 
institutions. His writings are to a large 
degree a transcript of his experience and 
reflect largely that elevation of feeling 
which pervades the simple and common- 
place life. If he were not so well known 
as a poet he might easily be classed as one 
of Indiana's most prosperous and pro- 
gressive farmers. 

At the time of his marriage and after 
some years as a rural school teacher he in- 
vested the sum of four hundi'ed dollars, 
all that he had been able to save, in thirty 
acres of land. That thirty acres is in- 
cluded in his present farm. There he lived 
for some time in a log cabin. Besides 
farming he taught school. He purchased 
eighty acres more, going in debt for that, 
and traded the eighty for a hundred sixty 
acres near home, and this quarter section 
he still owns. Later he bought eighty acres 
from his father and also inherited another 
fortj'-seven acres. He also bought sixty 
acres south of the home place and a hun- 
dred sixty acres north of the home farm. 
That makes him proprietor of a fine domain 
of five hundred forty acres, nearly all til- 
lable, and moreover well tilled, well fenced 
and perfectly improved into practically a 
modern Indiana farm and homestead. Mr. 
Elmore for a number of years has made a 
specialty of raising Poland China hogs 
and Polled cattle. While he undoubtedly 
has the literary temperament, he has in 
the management of his farm the genius of 
the business man, seen everywhere in the 
system and efficiency which characterize 
the farm. 

Mr. Elmore is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and the Woodmen of the World, is 
a member of the Christian Church, and 
beginning to vote for the democrats he 
later became a republican. He has deserved 
well of his fellow men, has profited because 
he has served well, and to a large degree 
his life has been its owni reward. 

Edg.\r ]\I. Baldwin. The conventional 
hero from the time of Ulj'sses to the present 
is one who has played many parts, has 
seen much of strange lands and strange 



peoples, and has an altogether tempes- 
tuous and stormy career until he rests 
more or less content in old age in his 
beloved Ithaca. But many adventures and 
experiences worth while may befall the 
man who spends his life in quiet places, 
almost altogether in the community that 
knew him as a boy, and that knew his 
parents and gi'andparents and even more 
remote ancestors before him. 

That has been the lot and destiny of 
Edgar M. Baldwin, editor and proprietor 
of The Fairraount News, and well and 
favorably known as a journalist and man 
of affairs in many other parts of Indiana 
than Grant County. 

The Baldwins are an old and numerous 
lineage both in America and in Wales. 
From three colonial settlers of the name 
are descended many well known people, 
including Governor Simeon Baldwin of 
Connecticut; Judge Daniel P. Baldwin, at 
one time attorney general of Indiana, and 
the Baldwins who established and con- 
ducted the great Baldwin Locomotive 
Works. 

The Baldwins in Grant County are de- 
scended from one of three brothers who 
settled in North Carolina. They were all 
Quakers, chiefly farmers by occupation. 
The great-grandfather of the Fairmount 
editor was Daniel Baldwin, Sr., who was 
born in North Carolina and married Maiy 
Benbow. 

Of their children Daniel Baldwin, Jr., 
was bom in Guilford County, North Caro- 
lina, December 10, 1789, and married in 
1812 Christian Wilcuts, who was born No- 
vember 11, 1793. After their marriage they 
put their simple household equipment in 
a wagon and with ox teams set out for the 
Northwest, joining the old Quaker settle- 
ment near Richmond, in Wayne County, 
Indiana. In 1833 Daniel Baldwin brought 
his family to Grant County and moved 
into a partly finished log cabin on the 
southwest corner of ]\Iain and Eighth 
Streets in Fairmount, at that time an un- 
broken wilderness. His was the first house 
in the present corporation limits of Fair- 
mount. A considerable part of the north 
side of that village is built on land that he 
owned. Daniel Baldwin, Jr., died at Fair- 
mount October 9. 1845, and his wife Oc- 
tober 28, 1848. They were active in estab- 
lishing the first Quaker church at Back 
Creek. They were the parents of eleven 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1339 



children, and by their marriages and de- 
scendants they comprise a very numerous 
interrelationship, many still found in Grant 
County, while many others went to other 
counties and states. 

Micah Baldwin, father of Edgar M., was 
born in Wayne County, May 26, 1828. As 
he grew up he worked on his father's 
farm, but later in life he learned the trade 
of tanner and followed that occupation 
for a number of years. In 1877 he gave 
up the tanning trade and became a dealer 
in meats. AVhile conducting a tannery he 
had also handled and made custom shoes 
and harness, and his last years were spent 
as a custom maker of shoes and as a re- 
pairer. He worked in that line to within 
six weeks of his death. He died ^larch 13, 
1893. He wa,s a birthright Quaker and kept 
utmost fidelity to that faith. April 24, 
1850, he married Miss Sarah Morris, who 
was born in Wayne County, Indiana, De- 
cember 3, 1830, daughter of Nathan and 
Miriam (Ben bow) ^Morris. Her people 
were also early settlers of Grant County, 
and her father was very prominent as a 
member and minister of the Quaker 
Church. 

Edgar M. Baldwin was the seventh in 
age among his parents' nine children, and 
was born at Fairmount, April 2, 1866. He 
attended the local public schools and at 
the age of eleven, in 1877, started to learn 
the printing trade. He worked in The 
Fairmount News office and as a journey- 
man traveled over the country, develop- 
ing his skill in the composing rooms of 
some 'of the largest dailies and printing 
establishments in the country. This em- 
ployment lirought him to the cities of Cin- 
cinnati, Indianapolis and Chicago, where 
he was employed on the old Chicago 
Herald, was for two years in a law print- 
ing house in New York City, did work at 
AVashington and other eastern cities, so- 
journed briefly again at Cincinnati, In- 
dianapolis and Chicago, and in 1885 re- 
turned to Fairmount. For three years he 
was proprietor of The Fairmount News. 
This was followed by an experience in 
journalism on what was then the frontier 
of Western Kansas, where for a few 
months he conducted The Ellis Headlight. 
In 1890 he was appointed to a position in 
the Government printing oiBee at Wash- 
ington, and during the next four and a 



half years was employed on many of the 
large jobs in what is the greatest printing 
establishment in America. 

Mr. Baldwin was living in Fairmount 
when the Spanish-American war broke 
out in 1898. On April 26th, four days 
after the declaration of war, he joined 
Company A, One Hundred and Sixtieth 
Indiana Infantry. He was with the regi- 
ment in training at Chickamauga but was 
ill in the hospital when his regiment left 
for the invasion of Porto Rico. A few 
days later he went with the Fifth Illinois 
Regiment, rejoining his own command at 
Newport News, Virginia, which, after the 
peace protocol had been signed, was trans- 
ferred to the Army of Occupation and 
sent to ]\Iatanzas Province in Cuba. Mr. 
Baldwin was honorably discharged at 
Savannah, Georgia, April 26, 1899, being 
mustered out of the service with his- regi- 
ment just a year after his enlistment. 

Four years of experience as a traveling 
salesman and Mr. Baldwin became proprie- 
tor of The Fairmount News, in 1903, and 
that paper has been under his continuous 
management and control for fifteen years. 
He has brought The News to a position of 
great influence and popularity in Grant 
and adjoining counties, and has made his 
printing plant a very profitable business. 

^Ir. Baldwin is a man of unusual range 
of interests, and he and his paper are 
squarely behind every movement that may 
properly be described as progressive and 
patriotic. He served a.s Endorsing Clerk 
in the Indiana State Senate in 1908-09, 
was the nominee in the Republican caucus 
for assistant clerk of the House of Repre- 
sentatives during the following session, 
was Treasurer of the Republican Editorial 
Association of Indiana, and Treasurer of 
the Grant County Central Committee. In 
1912 he joined the Progressive party and 
was nominated for Congre.s.s in the 
Eleventh Congressional District. j\Ir. 
Baldwin is regarded as the chief local his- 
torian of his town and township in Grant 
County. Through his paper and his in- 
dividual writings he has kept alive many 
of the interesting facts regarding that old 
settlement, and in a History of Grant 
County published in 1914 he was author 
of a chapter pertaining to Fairmount and 
in 1917 he published "The Making of a 
Township," which is an interesting en- 



1340 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



largement upon his original thesis. He 
and his family are members of the Friends 
Church at Fairmount. 

August 23, 1887, he married Miss Myra 
Rush, daughter of Reverend Nixon and 
Louisa Rush of Grant County. Mrs. Bald- 
wan was born near Fairmount, July 4, 
1865, and was the first graduate of 
Fairmount Academy with the class of 1887. 
She has been closely associated with her 
husband in newspaper work, serving as 
city editor of Tlie Fairmount News. Their 
only son, Mark, born June 8, 1889, gradu- 
ated from Fairmount Academy in 1909, 
and from Earlham College at Richmond 
with the class of 1912. He served one 
year during the war with German}^ in the 
air service. United States Army. He is 
now a scientist in the employ of the Bureau 
of Soils, Department of Agriculture. 

A. Jones. Here and there through 
these pages Avill be found note of not a 
few successful men, and women too, who 
have attributed one early source of their 
inspiration and good training to the Ma- 
rion Normal College. Among institutions 
that were founded and have been con- 
ducted by private enterprise this college 
has no superior in the state in the way of 
efficiency and thorough work, and it has 
served to train a large body of men and 
women, not only for educational tasks, but 
for an adequate fulfillment of all the serv- 
ice demanded of a complete and harmoni- 
ous life. 

The college was organized in 1891 by 
Mr. A. Jones with a corps of four instruc- 
tors. The first quarters were in a building 
at the corner of Thirtieth and Washing- 
ton streets. During the first year coui-ses 
were offered in business, arts and music 
and some academic work. Later there was 
offered a four years' course embracing 
both theoretical and academic work, in 
every sense equal to the courses offered by 
state normal schools. There is also a four- 
year com-se for g-eneral student's, offering 
courses in science, mathematics and litera- 
ture. In 1894 the college was moved to 
an attractive building between Washing- 
ton and Harmon streets. This college 
home was erected specifically for the use 
of the school. It is a three-story and base- 
ment building of brick, occupying ground 
dimensions of 90 by 80 feet. 

The founder of this school was born in 



Shelby County, Indiana, in 1855, only 
child of Elijah and Sarah (Wagner) 
Jones, who were also natives of this state. 
The paternal ancestors came from Scot- 
land and were early settlers of Pennsyl- 
vania. The Wagners were of German ori- 
gin. Both the Wagner and Jones fami- 
lies were pioneers in Shelby and Rush 
counties. Professor Jones' paternal grand- 
father and his maternal great-grandfather 
were well-known ministers of the Methodist 
Church. 

Professor Jones was reared in Shelby 
County, acquiring much of his education 
at Danville. He is a graduate civil engi- 
neer. Nearly all his life has been spent 
in school work and school administration. 
For two years he was a teacher in the 
grade schools at Glenwood and for years 
had charge of the Schools at Zionsville. 
Just before he came to IMarion to establish 
the normal college he was superintendent 
of schools at Danville. Mr. Jones is a man 
of scholarly tastes, and has attained some 
recognition in scholarship circles for his 
work and investigations with the micro- 
scope. 

In 1901 he established the Teachers' 
Journal, and has been editor of this .iour- 
nal from the time it was established. From 
the very beginning the Teachers' Journal 
has been recognized as one of the strongest 
educational periodicals in the West. 

In 1884 he married Jes.sie M. Davis. She 
was born in Fayette County, Indiana, 
daughter of William and Emily (Wil- 
liams) Davis. j\Ir. and ]\Irs. Jones are 
members of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church at Marion. 

HoMEB Hayes Scott has been a figure 
in the educational life and affairs of Grant 
County for a number of years. He is a 
young man of gi-cat natural ability, and 
this ability has found expression in activi- 
ties that constitute an important sei-vice 
and an instrument of good in the advance- 
ment and progress of his community. 

He was born on a farm in Grant Countv, 
:\Iarch 13, 1879, son of Elihu and Sarah 
(Grindle) Scott. Largely through his own 
efforts he acquired a liberal education, and 
in 1913 was granted the degree A. B. by 
the Muncie National Institute. He began 
his work as a teacher in 1899, and for five 
years was principal of the Van Buren 
Township High School, and for five years 




y^M^^eu^. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1341 



was superintendent of that school. For 
three summer terms he was a teacher in 
the Marion Normal Colleg:e, and one sum- 
mer in the Muneie National Institute. 
Mr. Scott is now a member and secretary 
of the Library Board, is a member of the 
Indiana Teachers' Association, is a mem- 
ber of the Executive Board of the Boy 
Scouts of Grant County, and is a steward 
of the Jlethodist Episcopal Church and 
teacher of the Men's Bible Class. He is 
an active prohibitionist. 

April 25. 1914, he married Miss Cora 
Zonetta Compton, of Wayne County. In- 
diana, daughter of Samuel and Eliza 
(Johnson) Compton. Her father was a 
contractor and builder. 

George Armentrottt Elliott is present 
mayor of the City of Newcastle. That is 
only one of a long line of dignities and 
honors that have been bestowed upon the 
Elliott family in Eastern Indiana, where 
four generations of the Elliotts have been 
prominent in public and professional life. 
It is the purpose of the following para- 
graph to tell briefly the outstanding facts 
in the careers of several of these distin- 
guished men. 

The Elliotts came from Guilford County, 
North Carolina, and were a family of co- 
lonial settlers in the vicinity of the Revo- 
lutionary battleground of Guilford Court 
House. Abraham Elliott, who is distin- 
guished as having been the first lawyer 
to locate at the county seat of Newcastle, 
was born in Guilford County, North Caro- 
lina. About the beginning of the nine- 
teenth century he migi-ated to the North- 
•west Territory, and for a number of years 
lived in "Wayne County. The first official 
recognition of his residence there was his 
appointment in 1809 as one of the .iustices 
of the peace of Dearborn County, Wayne 
Countv not having yet been organized. In 
1822 his name appears on the court rec- 
ords as one of the lawyers admitted to the 
bar of Henry County, and in 182-3 he lo- 
cated on what has long been known as the 
Elliott farm near Newcastle, and began 
practice in the towm. He was a man of 
good ability and for several yefirs trans- 
acted a considerable share of the legal busi- 
ness of the county. He also served as a 
justice of the peace and an a.ssociate .iudge. 
Poor health eventually obliged him to re- 
tire entirely from practice. 



It was his son, Judge Jehu T. Elliott, 
who gained most distinction a.s a lawyer, 
and for a number of years was one of the 
greatest jurists of Indiana. He was born 
near Richmond, Wayne County, Februai-y 
7. 1813, and was about ten years of age 
when his parents moved to the Elliott farm 
1 Vo miles from Newcastle. He was one of 
a large family of children and every one 
had to contribute some labor to the sup- 
port of the household. He had limited 
school privileges, but at the age of eighteen 
qiialified as a teacher and followed that 
calling two years. His father had already 
planned a legal career for the son, who at 
the age of twenty entered the office of 
Martin M. Ray, one of the prominent law- 
yers of Wayne County. Later he wa.s ad- 
mitted to the bar and soon opened his of- 
fice in Newca.stle, where his talents gained 
him a large practice. 

His first office was that of a.ssistant sec- 
retarv of the House of Representatives of 
the State Legislature, a position to which 
he was re-elected. In 1837 he became sec- 
retary of the House. In 1838 he was elected 
prosecuting attorney for his judicial cir- 
cuit and in August, 1839, was elected state 
senator for a term of three years. At the 
early age of thirty-one, in 1844, he was 
chosen by the Legislature a.s circuit jiidge. 
His judicial circuit embraced eight coun- 
ties, including Henrv. Following the cus- 
tom of the time and in the lack of better 
facilities, he usually journeyed from county 
seat to county seat on horseback in com- 
pany with the traveling members of the 
bar. In 1851 he was re-elected for a term 
of seven years, but the following year re- 
signed to become president of the railroad 
which was then being built from Rich- 
mond to Chicago, He resigned this posi- 
tion in 1854 and in the following year was 
again elected circuit judge. He continued 
on the circuit bench until 1864. when he 
was cjiosen one of the justices of the Su- 
preme Court of Indiana. His character as 
a jurist has been thus described: "His 
ability was of the highest order, and it is 
certain that no judge ever gave greater 
satisfaction than he. His popularity was 
such that no one ever successfullv opposed 
him for the place of circuit judge, and 
when it was known that he was a candi- 
date his election followed of course. The 
opinions he delivered durinsr the six years 
he occupied a seat on the Supreme Bench 



1342 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



bear evidence of a great industry and a 
thorough knowledge of the law and stand 
deservedly high with the profession." On 
leaving the supreme bench he resumed 
practice and continued it until his death. 
He was a valued friend and counsellor to 
many young men entering the legal pro- 
fession, and the fact that he served eight- 
een years as circuit judge and six years_ as 
a supreme justice, gives his career a high 
place among the leading' Indiana men of 
the past century. He was in fact in pub- 
lic service almost continuously from 1835 
until 1871. 

Judge Elliott died at his home m New- 
castle February 12, 1876. October 24, 
1833. he married Miss Hannah Branson. 

William Henry Elliott, a son of Judge 
Elliott, was also a lawyer, but conferred 
distinction on the family name and his 
home community chiefly through other ac- 
tivities. He was born at Newcastle July 
4, 1844, and saw some active service in the 
Civil war. He graduated from the United 
States Naval Academy in 1865, and was 
commissioned ensign in November, 1866, 
master in 1868, and lieutenant in October, 
1869. He resigned from the navy April 
20, 1870, because of ill health. While in 
the navy he was a member of the crew of 
the old" Powhatan, Admiral Perry's flag- 
ship in the fleet that visited Japan on its 
epoch making cruise. While serving as 
an ensign on a United States war craft at 
Rio Janeiro, Brazil, it became his unpleas- 
ant duty to shoot a deserter, and as this 
act occurred within the jurisdiction of 
Brazil it involved questions which, when 
finally settled, established the status of 
United States navy men when on foreign 
soil. Until the matter was adjusted Ensign 
Elliott was nominally detained as a pris- 
oner, though in fact was a personal guest 
in the home of President Dom Pedro of 
Brazil for six months. Mr. Elliott was a 
member of the same class of the Naval 
Academy as the late Admiral Bigsbee, 
commander of the ]\Iaine when she was 
sunk in Havana harbor. 

After leaving the navy he studied and 
practiced law at Newcastle, and in 1877 
became owner and publisher of the New- 
castle Courier, a venerable journal that 
was established in 1841. It was as a news- 
paper man that he was best known in In- 
diana. He continued as owner and pub- 
lisher of the Courier until 1899, and again 



took active charge in 1904. Many calls 
were made upon his time and ability for 
public service. He was a member of the 
original Grand Army of the Republic Com- 
mi.ssion that planned and secured the erec- 
tion of the famous Soldiers and Sailors 
Monument at Indiajiapolis. When the war 
with Spain broke out he volunteered, and 
wa,s appointed a lieutenant in the navy 
and served as execTitive officer of the Leon- 
idas, a vessel that won a well remembered 
fame during the war a.s the "fire ship" 
on account of a fire in the coal stored in 
the forehold. and which was extinguished 
after thirty days of hard fighting and the 
consumption of 730 tons of coal without 
material damage to the ship. In Janu- 
ary, 1899. President IMcKinley appointed 
Mr. Elliott director-general of posts of 
Porto Rico, and the duty of reorganizing 
the postal system of Porto Rico. He had 
the postal and telegraph system completely 
established and in efficient operation before 
he resigned June 6, 1900. At the latter 
date, by President McKinley's appoint- 
ment he entered upon his duties as Com- 
"lissioner of Interior for the Island of 
Porto Rico, and served in that capacity 
until December 1, 1904, when he resigned, 
refusing a continued appointment from 
President Roosevelt, and returned to New- 
castle. Here he resumed his work as a 
publisher, and lived quietly in that city 
until his death December 10, 1914. Oc- 
tober 20. 1876. William H. Elliott married 
Emma Conner of Newcastle. 

George Armentrout Elliott was born at 
Newcastle March 25. 1878. He attended 
the grammar and high schools of his native 
city, graduatinsr from the latter in 1897 
as president of his ela.ss. For one year 
he was employed as a cub reporter on the 
Courier, his father's paper, and from Sep- 
tember, 1898, until February, 1899, pur- 
sued a general course in the Indiana Uni- 
versity. He left university to take a com- 
mercial course in the Richmond Business 
College in preparation for his duties a-s 
private secretary to his father on the Is- 
land of Porto Rico. He was on that island 
from May. 1899, to August. 1902. and as- 
sisted his father in the establishment of 
the postal and telegraph system and the 
administrative work of the Interior De- 
partment. ITpon returning to the states he 
acquired an interest in the Newcastle Cour- 
ier and made journalism his life work. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1343 



In 1900 Mr. Elliott married Lillian 
Smith, daughter of J. E. Smith of New- 
castle. They have an interesting family 
of children: William Henry, born May 
4, 1901, died July 6, 1902; Prances B., 
born Jnly 27, 1903; George Willis, born 
May 21, 1905, and died July 31, 1906; 
Martha Lea, born June 25, 1911 ; and John 
Smith, born March 3, 1915. 

Mr. Elliott has always been an active 
republican. In 1906 he wa.s defeated for 
the nomination for state representative by 
the sitting incumbent. In 1917 he was 
elected mayor of Newcastle after winning 
the nomination in a field of seven candi- 
dates, and entered upon his duties Jan- 
uary 7, 1917, for a term of four years. He 
is trea.surer of the Henry County War 
Chest Fund, has served as chairman of 
the Henry County Liberty Loan Commit- 
tee, and his name is identified with every 
progressive movement in his home city, 
whether for local benefits or for the broader 
service of the war. Mr. Elliott is a Knight 
Templar Mason and Shriner, is afifiliated 
with the Improved Order of Red Men, the 
Junior Order United American Mechan- 
ics, the Woodmen of the World, Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, the 
Fraternal Order of Eagles, is president of 
the Boy Scouts Couwil, the Newcastle 
Country Club, and the Columbia Club and 
Marion Club of Indianapolis. 

As mayor of Newcastle Mr. Elliott de- 
votes his entire time to its duties, having 
turned over the management of the Cour- 
rier to his capable and efifieient sister, Jean 
Elliott, the only woman in Indiana in ac- 
tual and active charge of a newspaper 
jilant the size of the Courier. Mr. Elliott's 
slogan when a candidate for mayor was "A 
business man for the city's business," and 
ho is living up to it by giving the city all 
of his time and thought, with the idea and 
hope that his example will make it forever 
impossible for any man to become mayor 
of Newcastle for pui-ely political reasons, 
believing as he does that his four years in 
the office will cause the people of his city 
to hereafter prefer and demand business 
methods in the administration of munici- 
pal affairs. 

JiTDGE William Z. Stuart was born 
at Dedham, Massachusetts, December 25, 
1811. the son of Dr. James and Nancy 
(Allison) Stuart, of Aberdeen, Scotland. 



When nine years old his parents returned 
to Scotland, but the boy preferred Amer- 
ica, and at fourteen ran away from home 
and returned to Massachusetts. He found 
employment at New Bradford as a durg 
clerk for two yeai-s, and then at Boston 
in the same occupation. He took up the 
study of medicine and worked his way 
through Amher.st College, graduating in 
1833. 

He was principal of the Hadley High 
School for a year, and then, for two years, 
principal of the Mayville Academy at 
Westfield, New York, meanwhile reading 
law. In 1836 he removed to Logansport, 
Indiana, and engaged in practice with suc- 
cess. He was elected prosecuting attor- 
ney of the Eighth Judicial Circuit in 1845, 
state representative in 1851, and Supreme 
judge in 1852. In 1856 he was the demo- 
cratic candidate for Congi-ess against 
Schuyler Colfax, but was defeated. In 
1857 he resigned as judge, and became 
attorney for the Toledo & Wabash Rail- 
way Company. 

Judge Stuart received the degree of 
LL. D. from Amherst in 1868. He died 
at Clifton Springs, New York, May 7, 
1876. For detailed sketch, see "Repre- 
sentative Men of Indiana," Tenth District, 
page 37. 

Julius A. Lemcke was one of the best 
citizens Indiana ever had. While he 
gained distinction by election for two 
terms as state treasurer, and was conspicu- 
ously successful as a business man, both 
at Evansville and Indianapolis, it was not 
until after his death that his services were 
properly appreciated and estimated. The 
brief story of his life as here given is only 
a modest estimate of his activities and in- 
fluences. 

Captain Lemcke was born in Hamburg, 
Germany, September 11, 1832, and died 
m Indianapolis at the advanced age of 
seventy-nine. When he was a .small boy 
his father died, and in the spring of 1846, 
as a youth, he emigrated to the United 
States. An ocean voyage of three months 
on a sailing ve.ssel brought him, then four- 
teen years of age, to New Orleans, and a 
trip of several days up the Mississippi and 
Ohio rivers carried him to the farm of his 
maternal uncle, William L. Dubler, ten 
miles from Evansville, on the New Har- 
mony Road. There was no child in the 



1344 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



household and the four yeai-s which the 
hardy German boy spent on this home- 
stead were busy ones indeed, valuable to 
him chiefly as a season of good discipline. 
His wages' were nothing the first year and 
four dollars monthly the last year. He 
then entered a dry goods store in Evans- 
ville. In his quaint "Book of Reminis- 
cences," published not long before his 
death, the Captain gives a graphic sketch 
of the duties which had fallen to him. ' ' It 
was not unnatural," he says "that the 
childless couple I left behind should be 
loth to part with a handy boy, who, never 
idle, began at daybreak with milking the 
cows, before breakfast had fed the stock and 
chopped an armful of wood, and who dur- 
ing the day when not at work in the field or 
the clearing, kept up repairs on the barn 
and the farming implements of the place, 
patched the harness of the horses, half- 
soled the shoes of the family, did the hog 
killing at Christmas, pickled the hams and 
smoked them, made the sausage and souse, 
watched the ash hopper, boiled the soap, 
and who on Saturday nights helped Aunt 
Hannah darn the stockings of the family. ' ' 
Not to mention assisting the old uncle in 
his prasperous country store both in sell- 
ing his goods and in hauling country 
produce to Evansville for shipment to New 
Orleans. 

After working in the dry goods store, 
studying bookkeeping at night and clerk- 
ing in a grain and grocery store for about 
a year, young Lemcke went to New Or- 
leans as receiving clerk on a passenger 
steamer. On his return he was sent up 
Green River in Kentucky to take charge 
of a country store and in the winter of 
1852 he took charge of the railroad sta- 
tion of Kings Station, then the northern 
terminus of the Evansville and Terre 
Haute line. The station was in the forest, 
and the agent, who was soon dispensed 
with, returned to Evansville and com- 
menced to make cigare. Soon afterward 
he was back on the river as a steamboat 
clerk, and then for some time operated a 
country store, auctioneered and did va- 
rious other things a dozen miles from 
IMount Vernon, Posey County, Indiana. 

Another return to Evansville followed, 
with some experience in connection with 
the "wild cat" banks of the place. Alto- 
gether about twenty-seven years of his 
earlier life were spent in Evansville as 



merchant, banker, in the promotion of the 
boat interests of the Ohio River, and as a 
leader in the republican party. 

In the autumn of 1856 he appeared as 
a vigorous campaigner for Fremont and 
the republican party. He was elected city 
clerk of Evansville in 1858. He then be- 
came a member of the wholesale grocery 
firm of Sorenson, Lemcke & Company, 
from which he emerged financially broken 
but in fair spirit. He built a first-class 
hotel, of which the city was much in need, 
and before the outbreak of the war had 
become largely interested in several well 
equipped steamboats, having by general 
consent fairly earned the title of captain. 
It was as a boat owner and operator that 
Captain Lemcke acquired his modest early 
fortune and his high standing as a busi- 
ness man. In 1861 the United States Gov- 
ernment detailed him to patrol the lower 
Ohio River, and before the regular posts 
were established in the valley he did good 
service in preventing the transportation 
of supplies across the lines to the Con- 
federacy. He also served with one of his 
boats under Generals Grant and Sheridan 
at Cairo and Paducah, and carried away 
the fir.st load of wounded soldiere from Fort 
Donelson. Still later he was in the mili- 
tary service on the Ohio, Tennessee and 
Cumberland rivers, and in 1862 with Cap- 
tain Dexter he organized the fii-st Evans- 
ville and Cairo line. 

After the restoration of peace he served 
for ten years as a member of the Ohio 
River Commission, and during his day no 
man was more closely identified with the 
transportation interests of the Ohio Valley. 
In 1876 he was elected city treasurer of 
Evansville and in 1880 became sheriff of 
the county, serving two terms, and was 
also a member of the city police board. 
For a number of years he was cashier of 
the Merchants National Bank of Evans- 
ville and was alsa interested in a local 
woolen factory. 

Julius A. Lemcke was elected state 
treasurer of Indiana in 1886, and re-elected 
in 1888. On beginning his first term in 
1887 he removed to Indianapolis, and re- 
tired from office in 1891. Subsequently 
he declined the post of United States treas- 
urer offered by General Harrison. Cap- 
tain Lemcke had lived in the United States 
twenty years before he revisited the Fath- 
erland in 1866, and about thirtv vears 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1345 



after he returned to Germany for the sec- 
ond time. While in the old country he 
formed a warai attachment to the poet 
Bodenstedt, who died while Captain 
Lemcke was iu Germany, and the latter 
was honored by appointment as one of his 
famous friend's pallbearers. During a 
residence of over twenty years in In- 
dianapolis Captain Lemcke was identified 
with business affairs in different lines, and 
iu 1895 began the erection of the Lemcke 
Building, which has long stood as one. of 
the prominent office structur&s in the busi- 
ness districts. Since his death his busi- 
ness has been continued by his .son, Ralph 
A. Lemcke. 

During the later years of his life Cap- 
tain Lemcke devoted much time to writ- 
ing an account of his European travels 
in his "Reminiscences of an Indianan," 
the latter being a book which represents 
a distinct contribution to Indiana history 
and literature. He had a great gift for 
humorous and graphic narrative. He was 
one of the older members of the Columbia 
Club, the ]Maennerchor, the German House, 
the Indianapolis Literary Club, and the 
Indianapolis Art Association. It is said 
that no one was ever more welcome to any 
circle which he chose to enter than Cap- 
tain Lemcke. 

He died of pneumonia at his home on 
North Penn.sylvania Street and was buried 
in Evansville beside his oldest son, George, 
who had died ten years before. Januar.y 
1, 1874, Captain Lemcke married Emma 
'Riley. He was survived by his widow, 
two daughters, ^Mrs. Harry Sloan Hicks ; 
Eleanor, wife of Russell Fortune; and one 
.son, Ralph A. Lemcke. 

In the words of one who knew and had 
followed his career, "Captain Lemcke was 
a man who drew people to him because 
they admired him for what he had reall.y 
accomplished and because of the attractive 
power which always abides with those who 
themselves have an honest affection for 
their fellows. Such lovable characters 
avoid much of the wear and tear of life 
which fall upon those who plow through 
the world by sheer strength and uncom- 
promising force." 

Charles E. B.vtciieler has done much 
in the cause of commercial education in 
Indiana, and for fully fifteen years has 
been identified with some of the leading 



business schools of the state either as in- 
structor or as executive head. He is now 
manager of the well-equipped Anderson 
Business College at Anderson. He has 
done his part in the essential task of prop- 
erly preparing and equipping a host of 
young men and women for the responsi- 
bilities and opportunities of the commer- 
cial world. 

]\Ir. Batcheler was born in "West River 
To\vnship, Randolph County, Indiana, 
June 11, 1882. His early environment was 
that of a farm. His parents were W. G. 
and Alice (Hutchens) Batcheler. Mr. 
Batcheler is of English ancestry. As a 
boy he lived at home on the farm and at- 
tended school at Bloomingsport through 
the eighth grade. For two years he was 
a student in the high .school at Winches- 
ter, graduating in 1901, and soon after- 
ward went to work as a teacher in a coun- 
try school. He spent four years in the 
schools of White River Township of his 
native county, one year in Washington 
Tow^lship, and with a view to preparinff 
himself for larger opportunities he then 
entered Richmond Business College. His 
proficiency was such that the management 
of the school prevailed upon him to remain 
and teach .shorthand and bookkeeping. 
That started him in the field where his 
greatest success has since been. When the 
Indiana Business College bought the 
Richmond .school Mr. Batcheler was put 
on the staff of instructors of the larger 
institution, was made bookkeeping instruc- 
tor at JIuncie for six months, filled a simi- 
lar position in the school at Marion, and 
then for a year and a half was principal 
of a local business college at Ander.son. 
Fro>n here he removed to Lafayette, In- 
diana, and for five years was manager of 
the Lafayette Business College and for 
three year.s of that time had the manage- 
ment of the Crawfordsville Business Col- 
lege. From Indiana Mr. Batcheler then 
went East, and for three years was head 
of the bookkeeping department of the 
Salem Commercial School at Salem, Massa- 
chusetts. He returned to Anderson, June 
1, 1917, to assume his present duties as 
manager of the Anderson Business College. 

In 1917 ]\Ir. Batcheler married Grace 
Siler of Lafayette, Indiana, daughter of 
W. H. and Ella (McKee) Siler. :\rr. 
Batcheler is a republican, has filled all the 
chairs in Lafayette Lodge No. 5, of the 



1346 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Independent Order of Odd Fellows, is 
senior deacon of Winchester Lodge No. 56, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and a member 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. His church is the Methodist. 

V. H. Osborne has been a business man 
of Anderson for over twenty years, and 
has built up extended and prosperous busi- 
ness connections as a heating engineer, hav- 
ing one of the best equipped establish- 
ments and one of the most complete serv- 
ices in that line in Eastern Indiana. 

Vandercook Hiram Osborne was born on 
a farm near Clyde, New York, in 1871, of 
English ancestrj^ and a son of Robert B. 
and Mary E. (Vandercook) Osborne. His 
people have been in America for many gen- 
erations. Mr. Osborne grew up on his 
father's farm, and had most of his educa- 
tion in the country schools of Shelldrake. 
in Seneca County, New York. Wlien he 
was sixteen years of age, in 1887, the fam- 
ily removed to Indiana, locating at Union 
City. Here he went to work in his uncle's 
factory, J. H. Osborne & Company, but 
a year later apprenticed himself to learn 
the plumbing and heating trade at Muncie, 
and for eight years was with the Hyland 
& Kirby Company, both as an apprentice 
and as a journeyman. Returning to Union 
City, he worked at gas fitting when the 
firet gas was piped into that city. Again 
at Muncie, he was a journeyman for one 
year for Davis & Retherford, and he also 
spent a .year in the far West at Cripple 
Creek, Colorado, where along with work at 
his trade he did some gold prospecting. 

In May, following the fii-st inauguration 
of President McKinley, in 1897, Mr. Os- 
borne returned to Indiana and located at 
Anderson. For three years he remained 
steadily at work as a journejonan with 
Popell & Darte. Having saved his money, 
and with abundant experience as addi- 
tional equipment and capital, he went into 
business for himself at his present loca- 
tion, 115 East 8th Street, and while there 
his bu.siness has grown and increased and 
prospered and his establishment for gen- 
eral plumbing and heating is known all 
over Madison County and even adjoining 
counties. 

In 1910 Mr. Osborne married Stella 
Gwinnup, daughter of William K. and 
Amy (Baldwin) Gwinnup of Anderson. 
Thev have two children : Bruce Wayne, 



born in 1911 ; and Beverly Jean, born Oc- 
tober 30, 1915. 

Mr. Osborne supports the republican 
ticket in national affairs, but is usually in- 
dependent in local election.s. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Christian Church and is 
affiliated with the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks at Anderson. 

Alpha L. Holad.\.y, real estate and in- 
surance in the Johnson Building at Mun- 
cie, is one of the younger men of affairs 
whose substantial work and broadening 
energies give promise and assurance of a 
career of most substantial effectiveness. 

Mr. Holaday was born on his father's 
farm in Delaware County, Indiana, Febru- 
ary 19, 1893, a son of Otto and Maggie 
(McCormiek) Holaday. At least three 
generations of the famity have lived in 
Indiana. His grandfather, David Hola- 
day, who died in Henrjr County in 1877, 
was a highly-respected citizen and farmer 
near Newcastle, was a republican in poli- 
tics, and was one of the early temperance 
men of that section. 

Otto Holaday who was born in Henry 
County, September 7, 1873, was only four 
years old when his father died, and in 1884 
removed with his widowed mother to Ham- 
ilton Township in Delaware County, where 
he grew to manhood. He had a common 
school education and at the age of nine- 
teen married Maggie McCormiek. After 
their marriage he continued to look after 
the interests of the home farm until he 
was of age, and later inherited a portion 
of his mother's land, and has been one of 
the good, substantial general farmers in 
this community ever since. Outside of 
home and farm his big interest in life is 
his church. He has been an active mem- 
ber of the Garrard Christian Church ever 
since it was organized, and his faithful at- 
tendance, liberal support, and participa- 
tion in every department has been a sus- 
taining factor in the growth and develop- 
ment of that organization. He is a regu- 
lar attendant at Sabbath school work and 
weekly prayer meetings and also the Sun- 
day school. Politically he is a republican 
and, like his father, has been a zealous ad- 
vocate of the temperance cause. 

Alpha L. Holaday, second in a family 
of four children, all of whom are living, 
is a graduate of the Hamilton Township 
common schools, of the Gaston High 




1^%1^ ^.^^^^7^, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1347 



School in Washin^on Township of Dela- 
ware County, and attended the Muneie 
Normal Institute. With this preparation 
he engaged in teaching for one year in 
JMonroe Township of his native county, 
and from teaching he transferred his ener- 
gies and abilities to the buying and selling 
of real estate. He has built up a good 
clientele at Muneie and over the surround- 
ing territory, and also handles insurance, 
stocks and bonds. His good judgment and 
enterprise in pushing sales have caused to 
be entrusted to him the handling of much 
valuable city property and farms. It has 
been Mr. Holaday's experience that values 
of city real estate at Muneie have in- 
creased as rapidly as farms surrounding 
that city, and this increase he credits to 
tlie progress made in the new building 
operations of local real estate men and 
the building and loan association and, 
furthermore, to the fact that Muneie is 
steadily gi-owing as an industrial center. 
IMr. Holaday is also secretary and treas- 
urer of the American Oil Land Associa- 
tion, Limited. 

Since early youth he has taken much in- 
terest in the republican party, of which 
he is a loyal member, and he retains his 
membership in the home church in which 
he was reared, the Garrard Christian 
Church in Hamilton Township. Mr. Hola- 
day is affiliated with the Loyal Order of 
Moose. 

June 3, 1916, he married Miss Verneva 
Bernice MeCreery, a daughter of Orva 
McCreery, a farmer in Harrison Township 
of Delaware County. ]\Irs. Holaday was 
educated in the Gaston common and high 
schools. They have one son. James Alpha, 
born August 1, 1917. 

Hon. John T. Str.\.nge. Both the hon- 
ors and responsibilities of citizenship have 
fallen in generous measure to this well 
known Marion lawyer, who was admitted 
to the bar forty years ago and is now one 
of the oldest professional men in his na- 
tive county. Mr. Strange is now serving 
as government appeal agent, with jurisdic- 
tion over many questions and affairs that 
have to do with the present war. 

He was born in Monroe Townsliip of 
Grant County, April 7, 1850, a son of 
Gciirgo and Lydia (Duekwall) Strange. 
The cxjipriences of his early youth were 
lai'gely bounded by the horizon of the 



home farm, and the school where he gained 
most of his early learning was kept in a 
pioneer log building. He absorbed more 
knowledge by private study than through 
the lessons of the schoolroom. At the age 
of eigliteen he (jnalified as a teacher, and 
teaching largely paid his course through 
college. Mr. Strange entered Wabash Col- 
lege in Crawfordsville in 1872 and gradu- 
ated in 1877. 

Having in the meantime taken up the 
study of law he was admitted to the bar 
of Grant County in the fall of 1877, and 
has been engaged in a general law prac- 
tice ever since. Mr. Strange is now a re- 
publican, and has been since 1900. He 
served two years as a member of the City 
Council of Marion, and in 1896 was a dele- 
gate to the National Democratic Conven- 
tion at Chicago, when William J. Bryan 
was first nominated. From 1906 to 1914 
he was a member of the State Senate of 
Indiana, as a republican, and among other 
services was chairman of the committee on 
corporations. He is a former trustee of 
the Masonic Temple at Marion, and is one 
of the men who took an active part in the 
campaign for the building of that Masonic 
institution. 

July 3, 1879, he married Miss Emma 
Bobbs, daughter of Dr. A. J. and Mary 
(Cook) Bobbs. Of their two children, 
Esther and John, the latter died in in- 
fancy. Esther is the wife of Dr. Godlove 
G. Eekhart of Marion. 

WiLLi.vM Doyle has lived all his life in 
the County of Grant, where he was born, 
has been and is primarily a farmer and 
stockman, taking just pride in the maxi- 
mum production of food from his acreage, 
and, as is often the case, is one of those 
exceedingly busy men who nevertheless 
find time to engage most heartily and ef- 
fectively in matters of public welfare. 

The Doyles have a splendid American 
record. His grandfather, Matthew Doyle, 
who married Mary McMahon, was a native 
of Ireland and in 1814 he and his wife set- 
tled in Ohio, after a residence in Pennsyl- 
vania and their marriage at Philadelphia. 
Samuel Doyle, father of William Doyle, 
was born at Philadelphia, January 10, 
1805, grew up in Guernsey County, Ohio 
and in 1838 married Miss Mary McCIus- 
key. She was born at Harper's Perr^-, 
Jlaryland, September 2, 1811. The first 



1348 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



member of the Doyle family to come to 
Grant County, Indiana, was Michael 
Doyle, who located in Van Buren Town- 
ship in June, 1838. His younger brother, 
Samuel Doyle, followed him to Indiana 
in 1840, and acquired a tract of compara- 
tively raw land in Van Buren To-miship. 
Beginning with a quarter section, his en- 
ergy enabled him to accumulate 600 acres, 
which he subsequently divided among his 
children. He did much to pi-omote the 
breeding and raising of first-class live- 
stock in the county, and during the war 
sold many horses to the government. He 
was also a county official. He died in 
Grant County, September 4, 1870. He and 
his wife had four children, Mary Ann 
Lease, Thomas B., William and Michael. 

William Doyle was born in Van Buren 
Township, ilarch 15, 1847, and that lo- 
cality ha.s been his home for over seventy 
years. His early education was acquired 
in District No. 8, near his home. At the 
age of twenty-one his father gave him a 
share of the crops and he was identified 
with the management of the home farm 
until his father's death. He and his 
brother, Jlichael, then bought the intere.sts 
of some of the other heirs, and were joint 
owners of 320 acres for five years. Wil- 
liam Doyle then took his individual share 
of tlie property, and gradually increased 
his holdings until he had 2S0" acres, con- 
stituting a farm which ha.s few equals in 
Grant County. No matter what the season 
Mr. Doyle always has some crops, whether 
grain, fruit or livestock. He has been one 
of the successful orchardists of Grant 
County for a number of years, though 
fruit growing is always subordinate to the 
larger operations of field crops and stock. 

Besides the high-class building and gen- 
eral equipment found on his farm, Mr. 
Doyle owns a modern town home in the 
Village of Van Buren, where he has re- 
sided since 1900. Since 1913 he has been 
vice president of the Farmers Trust Com- 
pany of Van Buren. 

Van Buren Township takes a great deal 
of pride in its splendid school sj'stem, the 
central feature of which is the' township 
high school, one of the finest buildings in 
a rural community in Northern Indiana. 
It was erected some years ago at a cost of 
$50,000. and now, of course, could hardly 
be duplicated for twice that amount. This 
school is particularly a monument to the 



official service of ilr. Doyle as township 
trustee. His first term as trustee was from 
1900 to 1904, and in 1908 he wa.s elected 
for a second term and served until 1914. 
It was during his second term that the 
high school building was constructed. Mr. 
Doyle took as much pride and pains in 
insuring the adequacy of this building as 
if it had been a matter of his exclusively 
individual concern. He visited several 
cities and perfected the plans only after 
a long and careful examination of the best 
types of public school architecture in the 
country. Mr. Doyle is also president of 
the Library Association of Van Buren, and 
has done much to promote that worthy 
local institution. He is a democrat, and 
his first public office was township assessor, 
to which he was elected in 1894 and served 
six years. For over thirty years he has 
been identified with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and is a member of the 
Christian Church. 

In 1870 he married Miss Sarah J. Hayes, 
daughter of William Hayes of Grant Coun- 
ty. Six children were bom to them : 
(Mary, who married Henry C. Ferguson; 
Alfred N., a former member of the State 
Board of Accounts; Adam M., and Deb- 
orah Wcimer, both deceased; Violet Y. 
Easton ; and Lavanner C. 

Frank B. Shields. Few people appre- 
ciate how much importance and sig- 
nificance in industrial aflFairs are repre- 
sented by Frank B. Shields as the treiis- 
urer and mana^ring official in Indianapolis 
of the Napco Corporation and the Inter- 
national Process Company. These corpora- 
tions have as their essential purpose and 
product of manufacture the rather common- 
place commodity of glue. But it is not 
the glue of ordinary commerce, made from 
animal products, but a vegetable glue and 
also a waterproof glue. 

Without exaggeration it can be said that 
the development and maniifacture of glue 
from vegetable sources marked a big ad- 
vance and comprises a notable event among 
the marvelous improvements brought out 
by American genius. The International 
Process Company were the pioneers in that 
field and their products have especial value 
for the many wood and veneer making 
industries, some of the greatest of which 
have their home in Indiana. Until the ad- 
vent of the International Process Company 




\/r7u.u.^y^.y^^iiu.^c^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1349 



practically the only kind of glue was that 
made from animal products. This glue is 
not only made from vegetable matter, but 
has no odor, and can be used cold merely 
by the admixture of water, whereas animal 
giue requires a heat of 120 degrees. Veg- 
etable glue has now entirely supplanted 
the animal glue in the larger industrial 
plants of the country. In Indiana alone 
it is used exclusively by such large con- 
cerns as the Hoosier Cabinet Company, 
Showers Brothers Company, Bloomington, 
Indiana, the largest furniture factory 
in the world, the New Albany Veneer- 
ing Company, Globe-Wernecke Company, 
Globe-Bosse-World Furniture Company 
and others. Millions of pounds find their 
way into ordinary commercial channels, 
•and also for export to foreign countries. 
The company have a factory in Singapore 
to manufacture for the eastern trade, and 
also maintain an office in New York. 

The waterproof glue manufactured by 
the Napco Corporation is a still further 
improvement over the vegetable glue. 
While it has many other uses it is exten- 
sively employed in th^ manufacture of 
aeroplanes. Toward the close of the war 
all the aeroplanes of United States manu- 
facture used this company's waterproof 
glue. Waterproof glue has greater tensile 
strength than either the animal or veg- 
etable glue, and is both water proof and 
heat proof, and nothing to excel it ha.i 
ever been produced for the wood-working 
industries. It is prepared for use by sim- 
ply mixing with cold water, and lia.s no 
odor. 

- The Indianapolis official of this corpora- 
tion is an Indiana man, born at Seymour 
in 1884, son of Dr. J. M. and Emma 
(Brown) Shields, both of whom are still 
living in Seymour. His father is a native 
Indianan, a graduate of the Louisville 
Medical College and for many years has 
been a successful practitioner at Seymour. 

Frank B. Shields is a trained chemist 
and chemical engineer. He received his 
early schooling at Se^onour and later spent 
four years in the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, from which he graduated 
with the degree Bachelor of Science in the 
class of 1907. He specialized in chemistry 
and after leaving the Institute of Technol- 
ogy he worked in the research department 
of the General Electric Company at Lynn. 
]\Iassachusetts. Mr. Shields ha.s been a 



resident of Indianapolis since 1911 and 
is well known in business and social cir- 
cles, being a member of the University 
Cluij, Country Club, Independent Athletic 
Club and the Athenaeum. He married 
Miss Mary Mather, who was born in In- 
diana. They have a daughter, Madeline. 

Mrs. George C. Hitt is a native of An- 
dover, Massachusetts. Her father, Wil- 
liam Barnett, was a native of Scotland, 
and her mother, Charlotte (Busfield) Bar- 
nett, a native of England. She came to 
Indianapolis in 1877 as the bride _ of 
George C. Hitt, who later served as vice- 
consul general to London under President 
Harrison. 

l\Irs. Hitt has taken an active part in 
charitable work and in the club life of 
the city and state. An account of her 
work by Grace Julian Clarke will be found 
in the Indianapolis Star for April 15, 
1912. Her latest work has been in the 
Mothers' Club, to which she is accredited 
by the services of her three sons. 
* Parker Hitt, the oldest of these, went out 
with General Pershing's command as cap- 
tain and now ranks as colonel, and is chief 
signal officer of the First American Army. 
Rodney Hitt has served through the war 
in the Department of Purchases, Stores 
and Transportation, with the rank of lieu- 
tenant-colonel. Laurence Wilbur Hitt 
went out a.s first lieutenant in the Camou- 
flage Section of the Fortieth Engineers 
and now ranks as captain. 

NoEMAN Joseph L.\sher. An Indiana 
educator of proved usefulness and expe- 
rience, Norman Joseph Lasher is now 
superintendent of the public school sys- 
tem of Gas City. 

He was born in Perry County, Indiana, 
July 13, 1884. son of James Buchanan and 
Julia Ann (Cassidy) Lasher. His father 
was a farmer. While a boy on the farm 
Norman J. Lasher attended the local 
schools, but as soon as old enough, quali- 
fied for work a.s a teacher, through which 
vocation he paid his college expenses, and 
for two years also gave a large part of his 
salary to lift a mortgage of .$600 on the 
old homestead. Thus he has not lived unto 
himself alone, but has made both his in- 
come and his services of effective benefit 
to others. 

While teaching in winter Mr. Lasher 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



attended summer sessions of the Marion 
Normal School, and in 1915 graduated 
from the State Normal School. When he 
entered college he borrowed $35 to meet 
his preliminary expenses, and he knows 
all the ins and outs of the experience of 
making both ends meet. 

As a teacher Mr. Lasher was superin- 
tendent of the schools at Williamsport five 
years, spent two years at Waveland, one 
year at Otterbein, and in 1918 came to his 
present position at Gas City. He is a mem- 
ber of the Indiana State Teachers' Asso- 
ciation and is affiliated with the Ma-sonic 
Order and Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. 

July 26, 1908, he married Miss Maud 
Newlin Borum, of Wingate, Indiana, 
daughter of Edward and Viola Caroline 
(Tague) Borum. They have two children, 
Frances ]\larian and Elbert Eugene. 

Henry Meyer is one of the esteemed 
citizens of Anderson, where he is known 
as a public-spirited helper in every line 
of community^ progress and as a success- 
ful business man. He has been in the 
tailor business here for twenty years, and 
for the past ten years has conducted one 
of the exclusive custom tailoring shops. 

Mr. Meyer was born in Bremen, Ger- 
many, April 10, 1865. He had the advan- 
tages of the common schools of his native 
land, and at the age of fifteen came to 
America and at Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
learned the tailoring trade with the old 
firm of Tooman & Company. After com- 
pleting his apprenticeship he was a .iour- 
uejTuan tailor for three years, and re- 
mained at Fort Wayne for eight years. 
Then for three years he traveled at his 
trade, covering most of the points in the 
Middle West. Returning to Fort Wa\Tie, 
he became a cutter with one of the large 
tailoring houses, but in 1897 removed to 
Anderson, and for ten years was a cutter 
for Daniel Goehler, a prominent merchant 
tailor of the city. Mr. Meyer finally en- 
gaged in business for himself, opening his 
shop at his present location, 1023 ]\Iain 
Street. He has developed a large clientele. 
and has some of the best knowm citizens of 
Anderson and surrounding towns as his 
regular customers. 

In 1893 he married Miss Elsie Tegeder, 
who was also born in Germany. Mr. Meyer 
is an independent republican, and is affili- 



ated with Anderson Lodge No. 209, Benev- 
olent and Protective Oi'der of Elks, and is 
very active in St. John Evangelical 
Lutheran Church. For many years he 
served as treasurer of the church and is 
also an active member and supporter of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

Clarence L. Kirk, vice president and 
general manager of the Indianapolis Water 
Company, has lived a strenuous life since 
early boyhood. 

He was born in Burlington, Boone 
County, Kentucky, May 6, 1866. His 
mother, whose maiden name was Augusta 
Calvert, member of one of the oldest and 
most prominent families of Baltimore, died 
when he was ten years of age. This was 
a severe loss to the boy, and her continued 
presence would undoubtedly have softened 
some of the rougher experiences that fol- 
lowed. Jlr. Kirk went to a country school 
at a time when the benches were arranged 
along the sides of the room, the pupils thus 
being more accessible to the teacher who 
seemed to believe that "liekin' " and 
"larnin' " were synonymous. 

John Wesley Kirk, his father, was a mas- 
ter carpenter, and at the age of thirteen 
Clarence L. began helping in such work 
as he could do. It was not long before he 
was doing a man 's work in full. His father 
was old-fashioned in his views and appro- 
priated all the boy earned. 

It was for this reason that he left home 
at the age of nineteen and a half, and go- 
ing to Northern Indiana, learned teleg- 
rapliy at Rose Lawn. Two years later he 
located at Broad Ripple, Indiana, as agent 
of the ]\Ionon Railroad. He had his home 
at Broad Ripple for thirteen years. Be- 
sides his duties as station agent he was a 
notary public, real estate agent, had a half 
interest in a store, operated a coal yard, 
sold all kinds of building material, and in 
fact was a strenuous participant in almost 
every phase of the commercial life of that 
to-mi and working constantly to earn an 
honest dollar. It was not long before he 
realized the impossibility of further ad- 
vancement as a railroader and that contin- 
uance on his ,iob would mean an uncertain 
and precarious existence to the end of his 
days. 

He therefore became representative of 
the Southern Products Company. When 
tlie Indiana Trust Company was appointed 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1351 



receiver of the East Chicago Water and 
Light Plants Mr. Kirk was chosen as the 
receiver's special representative. He had 
no previous knowledge of such a public 
utility and was appointed because he was 
generally recognized as an unusually capa- 
ble business man, thoroughly honest and 
reliable. He continued successfully in 
charge of the work until reorganization, 
then remained active in the management 
of the plant until 1913. At that date Mr. 
Kirk returned to Indianapolis to become 
vice president and general manager of the 
Indianapolis Water Company. 

He is one of the progi-essive, capable 
business men of the state. With all his 
many responsibilities he has found time to 
join the Masons, Odd Fellows, the Colum- 
bian and Marion clubs, the Highland Golf 
Club, the Maennerehor, the Chamber of 
Commerce and sevei'al other civic and so- 
cial organizations. ]\Ir. Kirk is married 
and has a familj- of four children. 

Harry Y. Cook. To found and build 
up an industry that sends its products 
throughout the United States, employ a 
number of skilled workmen, and is a per- 
manent and valuable asset to even such a 
large city as Indianapolis, is an achieve- 
ment highly creditable in any case and par- 
ticularly so with a man only in his thir- 
tieth year. 

Such is in brief the business record of 
Harry V. Cook, general manager of the 
H. V. Cook Company, manufacturers of 
and dealers in hardwood floors at 854 
Massachusetts Avenue, Indianapolis. Mr. 
Cook was born at Indianapolis in 1888, 
son of Andrew and Anna (Frey) Cook. 
Andrew Cook was born in Germany, was 
brought when an infant to Indianapolis, 
grew up here and was educated in the city 
schools. When little more than a boy he 
began working for the Big Four Railway 
Company, and for a number of years was 
a locomotive engineer. On account of fail- 
ing eyesight, which unqualified him for the 
active responsibilities of an engineer's post, 
he resigned from the railroad and followed 
clerical occupations for a time and later 
for a number of years as in the grocery 
and meat market business at Davidson and 
Vermont streets in Indianapolis. His wife 
was a native of Chillicothe, Ohio, and they 
were the parents of six children, the three 
now living as follows: Albert F., in the 



automoblile business in Indianapolis; 
Blanche, wife of C. W. Duhemin; and 
Harry V. 

Harry V. Cook while a boy gained his 
education in public schools Nos. 10 and 33, 
Indianapolis. His first regular employ- 
ment fortunately directed his energies into 
the line which he has always followed, and 
thus, though a young man, he is a veteran 
in experience in woodworking plants. He 
was first employed when a boy by Adams 
and Raymond in their veneer plant at 
Indianapolis. Later for a time he was with 
the Indianapolis Stove Company but soon 
went with Albert Gall Company, sayers 
of hardwood floors, and was also with 
Adam Berger Company, sayers of similar 
materials. He profited by his experience 
and accepted of every opportunity to im- 
prove his knowledge and skill in this special 
line of woodworking industry and was 
little more than a boy in .years when he 
started in business for himself. 

ilr. Cook has now been manufacturing 
and dealing in hardwood floors for ten 
years. At first he did all the work him- 
self, and by saving and utilizing his credit 
he was able to install machinery and secure 
others to help him in manufacturing. At 
the present time he fills contracts for hard- 
wood floors over a radius of a hundred 
miles around Indianapolis and some con- 
tracts even at a greater distance, and sells 
flooring in all parts of the country. He 
employs about thirty-two skilled workmen 
in his plant. 

In 1912 Mr. Cook married Miss Tommie 
E. Deknoblough. She was born in Bow- 
ling Green, Kentucky. ]\Ir. Cook is afiSli- 
ated with Monument Lodge No. 657, An- 
cient Free and Accepted Masons, with In- 
dianapolis Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, 
and Council No. 2, Royal and Select Mas- 
ters. 

Charles H. Terrell. The distinctive 
usefulness of Charles H. Terrell in Indi- 
ana life and afi'airs is as an educator. He 
is serving his second term as superintend- 
ent of public schools of Grant County, and 
has been a teacher and school administra- 
tor continuously since he attained his ma- 
jority. 

Born at Kokomo, Indiana, November 3, 
1879, he has lived in Grant County since 
he was thirteen years of age. He was 
tlie only child of George and Elizabeth 



1352 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



(Myers) Terrell, both natives of Decatur 
County. His father was a mechanic and 
died in 1881. The mother passed away in 
1891. 

Soon after the death of his mother, 
which left him an orphan, Charles H. Ter- 
rell came to Grant County and continued 
his education, which was begun in the com- 
mon schools of Decatur County. He grad- 
uated from the Gas City High School in 
1899, and later, in the intervals of his 
work as teacher, attended Taylor Univer- 
sity at Upland and the University of In- 
diana at Bloomington. 

He taught his first term of school in the 
fall of 1900. After four years in coun- 
try schools he became an instructor in the 
town schools of Jonesboro in Grant Coun- 
ty, where he remained from 1905 to 1909, 
and two years of that time was principal 
of the high school. In 1910-11 he was at 
the head of the department of history in 
the high school at ilarion. In the mean- 
time he had completed his classical course 
at the University and was graduated A. B. 
in 1910. 

June 5, 1911, Mr. Terrell was elected 
eounty stuperintendent of schools for a 
term of four years and was re-elected in 
1915. In this position his liabilities have 
had manifold benefits to the public system 
of education. Mr. Terrell is a man of 
idealism, has a broad experience in practi- 
cal school work, and also the breadth of 
mind which enables him to adapt himself 
to the rapidly increasing demands upon 
public education. He has done much to 
improve the courses of agricultural train- 
ing in the local schools, has worked for 
school consolidation and general efficiency 
of personnel and management, and enjoys 
much of the credit for the high stand Grant 
County has among Indiana counties for its 
school sj'stem. Grant County for several 
years has been the leading county in the 
state in the matter of commissioned high 
schools. 

Mr. Terrell holds a life certificate as a 
teacher granted him in 1910, and in the ex- 
amination received a high grade among a 
class of thirty men who were applicants for 
such certificates. He is a member of the 
college educational fraternity Phi Delta. 
Kappa of the University of Indiana. In 
politics he is a democrat, has served as a 
member of the Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee of Grant County, and fraternallv is 



affiliated with Jonesboro Lodge No. 109, 
Ancient Free and Accepted ilasous, Jones- 
boro Lodge No. 102, Knights of Pj-thias, 
and with Lodge No. 195, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. 

James E. Riley has during a period of 
forty years been merchant, farmer, banker, 
representative in the Legislature and a 
factor in all the good works and movements 
affecting his home community of Van 
Buren in Grant County. 

He was born in Tipton County, Indiana, 
December 28, 1851. His grandfather, Ed- 
ward Riley, came to Indiana from Ken- 
tucky about 1840. James E. Riley is a son 
of Noble S. and ilary (Hinton) Riley, 
both natives of Kentucky. His father was 
born in 1823 and died in 1856, at the early 
age of thirty-three. At one time in his 
life he was a merchant in Rush County, 
but in Tipton County was a farmer, and his 
local prominence is indicated bj' the fact 
that at the time of his death he was a county 
commissioner. His death, due to typhoid 
fever, left his widow with three young 
children, Lewis Cass, James E. and Martha 
J. The widowed mother made a noble 
struggle to rear her family, and succeeded 
in giving them substantial comforts and 
advantages, and earned all the affection 
and esteem paid her. She died at the age 
of eighty-seven July 29, 1911. 

With only a common school education 
James E. Riley began life as a farmer, 
married at the age of twenty-two, and for 
four years rented land and exercised such 
industry and economy that he made a living 
and secured a modest capital toward his 
next step in the world. Mr. Riley began 
merchandising in Van Buren in 1879 with 
a stock of groceries that did not exceed 
in value more than $150. The store grew 
and prospered, the patronage continually 
enlarged and he found himself able to pro- 
vide his children with a good home and 
most substantial and liberal opportuni- 
ties for education. 

After m'^e than thirty-two years as a 
merchant Mr. Riley retired in September, 
1911, and has since divided his attention 
between his farm of eighty acres near Van 
Buren, which he bought in 1907, and his 
business interests in town. For many years 
he was a business associate of W. L. Duck- 
wall in the ownership of land and im- 
proved property in Van Buren. "\Mien in 



t, *^^ 


f 


^^ 




g^^^^^^^l ''<^ 


Sl 



LEOPOLD LEVY 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1353 



1913 the Farmers Trust Company of Van 
Buren was organized Mr. Rilej' was elected 
president, and continues that oflfice. 

During all these years he has been one 
of the prominent leaders of the democratic 
party in Grant County. He was assessor 
of Van Buren Township nine years, was 
postmaster of the village from 1892 to 1896, 
and in November, 1912, was elected to rep- 
resent Grant County in the 60th Indiana 
Assembly. He was one of the most active 
workers in the following session of the 
legislature. He also served on the Con- 
scription Board of District No. 2. Mr 
Riley has been a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows for nearly 
forty years, and he and his familj- are 
members of the Christian Church. 

March 19, 1874, he married Sarah E. 
Black, daughter of Dr. Daniel T. Black 
of Marion. Eight children were born to 
their marriage : Blanch, who married 
Henry D. Nicewanger ; Grace, wife of John 
R. Brown; Pearl Allen; Roxey Haines; 
Mrs. Maude Hutton ; Jlartha Howe : Noble 
T. ; and one that is deceased. 

Leopold Levy, who was state treasm-er 
of Indiana from 1899 to 1903, was in many 
ways one of the remarkable men of his 
time. As an old newspaper friend wrote 
of him in referring to his death: "Leo- 
pold Levy, the poor emigrant boy from Ba- 
varia, had made good and had honored his 
race. From poverty to affluence, from ob- 
scurity to a high place in citizen-ship un- 
aided, his career is an example of what 
our free institutions enable resourceful 
men to achieve regardless of the handicaps 
placed upon them in early life." If proof 
were needed of the wealth of public es- 
teem he en.ioj-ed it could be found in the 
oft repeated sentence that was in the 
mouths of so many of his political friends 
and associates years ago: "Leopold Levy 
is the only Jew who was ever elected to a 
state office in Indiana.'" 

He was born in "Wuertemberg. Germany, 
in 1838, and died at his home in Indian- 
apolis April 8, 1905. His father, Heneley 
Levy, wa.s at one time mayor of the little 
village in which Leopold was born. 
Reared and educated in his native land, 
Leopold at the age of sixteen started for 
America. He had a small sum represent- 
ing his savings, and that he generously 



divided with a boy friend who accom- 
panied him. He landed in New York in 
1854, and had enough money to carry him 
half way across the continent to Indiana. 
Here he began his business career as a pack 
peddler for H. E. and C. F. Sterne, and 
later he visited the farmhouses of Miami 
and adjoining counties as the owner of a 
substantial wagon outfit, carrying a good 
stock of dry goods and notions but ready 
to deal in anything that afforded an hon- 
est profit. An old friend once recalled that 
he accepted a calf in pajinent for some 
goods, and had an exciting experience with 
the boisterous young animal, which re- 
fused to lead or drive and finally precipi- 
tated itself over an embankment into the 
river, with its owner desperately hanging 
upon the other end of the rope." When a 
little more than twenty-one years of age 
Mr. Levy became associated in business 
with Charles Herff, a pioneer gi-ocer at 
Wabash. A few years later he was a 
partner in the firm of Sterne & Levy, cloth- 
ing and general merchants. In 1861 he 
removed to Kokonio. where he was in busi- 
ness four years, and tlien established him- 
self at Huntington, which might be consid- 
ered his permanent home, since he was 
there thirty-two years, developed a cloth- 
ing business second to none in volume of 
trade in that part of the state, and from 
the proceeds of_ which he became one of 
the wealthy men of the city and county. 
He sold his store at Huntington in 1899, 
and during and after his terai as state 
treasurer he lived at Indianapolis, where 
he became president of the Capital Rattan 
.Company, a business to which his son 
Henry Levy succeeded him, as mentioned 
in tlie sketch of the latter. 

Leopold Levv' was always an active re- 
publican, and his fir.st political position was 
election in a democratic ward in Hunting- 
ton to the city council. He filled that of- 
fice three terms. By appointment from 
the Legislature he was for one term direc- 
tor of the Northern State Prison at Michi- 
gan City. He was appointed to that office 
in 1888, and took the keenest interest in 
tlie welfare of the institution, and was re- 
sponsible for establishing a prison school. 
He was nominated for state treasurer on 
the republican ticket in 1898, and had been 
a candidate for the nomination in 1894 
and 1896. He was elected in 1898 and re- 



1354 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



nominated and re-elected in 1900. After 
the expiration of his second term in office 
he lived quietly and in failing health. 

One of the "many sincere tributes paid 
him at the time of his death came from the 
clerk of the Supreme Court, who had gone 
into office at the same time as Mr. Levy. 
His tribute was: "Leopold Levy was a 
good, true man and one of the best types 
of his race. The fact that he was an inde- 
fatigable worker was what brought about 
success, both in business and polities. He 
succeeded where hundreds of other men 
would have failed. His disposition and 
nature were such that every acquaintance 
became a warm friend. T have heard many 
men comment on his intense loyalty to 
friends. It seemed as if he never forgot 
a favor, however small it might be. ' ' 

Mr. Levy's generosity had few restrict 
tions to its expression.' He helped build 
churches regardless of denomination, and it 
is noteworthy that while an ardent politi- 
cal partisan he had many warm and stanch 
friends and admirers among the democrats. 
He was an honored member of the Marion 
Club, the Columbia Club at Indianapolis, 
was affiliated with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and was also a Mason. His 
old Masonic lodge at Huntington had 
charge of his funeral at Fort Wayne. 

In 1867 Leopold Levy married Theresa 
Redelshermer, daughter of Sigraund and 
I^ena Redelshermer. She had the distinc- 
tion of being the first child of Jewish par- 
ents born at Fort Wayne. Her birth oc- 
curred in that city September 24, 1846. 
Leopold Levj' and wife had two children: 
Henry, elsewhere referred to in this pub- 
lication ; and Daisy, wife of Joseph Liv- 
ingston of Indianapolis. 

In a recently published history of Hunt- 
ington County are found the following 
paragraphs: "Leopold Levy, the first 
president of the Huntington Board of 
Trade, was for many years closely identi- 
fied with the business interests of that 
city. He was an unswerving republican 
in his political views and in the summer of 
1898 was nominated by the State Conven- 
tion of that party for the office of state 
treasurer. Ho was elected in November 
and entered upon the duties of the office 
on February 10, 1899. In 1900 he was 
a^-ain elected for a term of three years, 
which expired on Februarv 10, 1903. Mr. 
Levy was a successful business man, a pub- 



lic spirited citizen and made a competent 
state official. While a resident of Hunt- 
ington he was always ready to aid any and 
every movement for the promotion of the 
general welfare." 

A few years ago Chad Butler, one of the 
old time newspaper men of Indiana, wrote 
an interesting sketcli of Leopold Levy, cov- 
ering his political and business career and 
many incidents of tlieir personal acquaint- 
ance. A few sentences may be introduced 
here from Mr. Butler's sketch: "Leopold 
was genial and jovial under all cireum- 
.stances. He wa.s a pasti master in the 
clothing trade and he had the confidence 
of his patrons. His store was popular, he 
sold goods on the square, and never failed 
to make satisfactory adjustment with a dis- 
satisfied customer. ]\Ir. Levy was a sales- 
man in his palmy days who could give 
cards and spades to many gentlemen in the 
trade today. 

"Leopold was a man of tenacity of pur- 
pose and made three races for state treas- 
urer before he secured the nomination. He 
was twice beaten, but his smile never came 
ofi' and he cheerfully accepted the result. 
Nothing interfered with his political en- 
thusiasm. He just came back to Hunting- 
ton, buckled on his armor and worked in- 
cessantly for republican success. He was. 
always careful to see that his successful 
opponent secured the full republican vote 
of the county, and so a.s time went by the 
republicans of the state learned to recog- 
nize him as a stanch and loyal partisan de- 
serving of recognition. His third race was 
successful. He was elected by a good ma- 
jority, his co-religionists throughout the 
state voting largely for* him, and more 
than compensated for the loss of votes of 
narrow, hide-bound haters of the Jewish 
religion. He was re-elected and he gave 
good satisfaction during his four years' 
term of office." 

Henry Levy was an Indianapolis man- 
ufacturer who gave vitality to one of the 
most considerable industries of the city. 
For years he was president and manager 
of the Capital Rattan Company. 

When Mr. Levy died at his home in In- 
dianapolis July 1, 1917, at the age of forty- 
eight, there was general regret felt 
throuffhout the city and the sentiment fre- 
quently expressed that one of the strong 
iind reliable men of the community had 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1355 



passed away. Mr. Levy had been educated 
in public schools at Huntinglou, Indiana, 
and also in the University of Michigan. 
He made a special study of chemistry and 
pharmacy and in 1892 went to Chicago 
where he was engaged in the drug business 
and also in medicine manufacture. Wlien 
liis father, Leopold Levy, became state treas- 
urer of Indiana Henry returned to the 
state and occupied a position in his fa- 
ther's office at Indianapolis. 

On leaving the state office he took charge 
of the Capital Rattan Works, then a small 
concern belonging to Stuckey, Moreland & 
North. It was located where the "Wheeler 
Schepler plant is now. Under Mr. Levy's 
able management the business grew and 
prospered, and in 1902 the present site of 
the plant was built and a new, model and 
modern factory was constructed. At the 
beginning the output was go-carts and 
cei-tain types of reed furniture, but since 
1910 they have manufactured primarily a 
general line of mission furniture, and the 
product now is distributed over a wide 
territory. The late Mr. Levy was an ac- 
tive member of the Knights of Pythias. 
For the past ten years the secretary of 
the Rattan Company has been Mrs. Henry 
LeNT. Her maiden name was Marie C. 
Clark, daughter of Thomas F. Clark of 
Galesburg, Illinois. Mr. and ^Mrs. Levy 
were married February 17, 1907. 

WASHrNTGTON Cn.\BLES DeP.vuw, capi- 
talist and philanthropist, was born at 
Salem, Indiana, January 4, 1822. His 
grandfather, Charles DePauw, was a 
Frenchman who came over with Lafayette 
and fought for America in the Revolu- 
tion. He married in Virginia and emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where his son John 
was born. On arriving at manhood John, 
who held a militia title of general, removed 
to Indiana and located at Salem. He was 
not successful in business, and when he 
died Washington was left, at sixteen, years 
of age, on his own resources. 

He was bright and industrious. At nine- 
teen he was employed in the county clerk's 
office, and after becoming of age was 
elected clerk. His natural business ability 
was phenomenal. His investments were 
all advantageous, and by the time of the 
Civil war he was a wealthy man. During 
the war he added largely to his wealth and 
pi-omoted the manufacturing interests of 



New Albany by the establishment of roll- 
ing mills, foundries and plate glass works. 

Mr. DePauw refused to take part in pub- 
lic life, declining the democratic nomina- 
tion for lieutenant-governor in 1872, but 
was a great friend of education and served 
for a number of years as trustee of the 
State University and of Asbiiry. He 
founded and for j'cars maintained De- 
Pauw College, for girls, at New Albany. 
In 1883 Asbury was in financial stress 
and he came to its relief on condition of 
cooperation by the Methodist Church. 
The gifts of himself and family to the in- 
stitution amounted to about $600,000. 

In gratitude for his aid, and over his 
protest, the name of Asbury was changed 
to DePauw University in 1884, which was 
duly legalized, and the institution entered 
on a new era of prosperity. He did not 
live to see the fruition of his work, as 
death came to him suddenly, on ]Mav 6, 
1887. 

Harlky Franklin Hardin. Much of the 
same fortitude and courage that enabled 
his pioneer, ancestors in Indiana to meet 
and solve the tremendous problems of exist- 
ence involved in life on the frontier have 
been summoned to the aid of Harley F. 
Hardin in his career as a lawyer. Mr. 
Hardin has been an active member of the 
bar for seventeen years, and all of his 
practice has been done in Grant County, 
where he is looked upon as one of the lead- 
ers of the bar. 

He was born near Livonia in Washington 
County, Indiana, June 29, 1876, and rep- 
resents the fourth generation of the Har- 
din family in Indiana. Many generations 
precede him in American residence. The 
first colonist of the Hardin clan came 
from Scotland and established a home in 
North Carolina. That was long before the 
Revolutionary war. His son, Elisha Har- 
din was born in South Carolina and mi- 
grated from that colony to Tennessee. 
John Hardin, a grandson of the original 
innnigrant and great-grandfather of the 
^Marion lawyer, wa.s born at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, June 12, 1799, spent his early 
life in Tennessee, and in 1816 arrived in 
the wilderness of Indiana, which in the 
same year was admitted to the Union. He 
was for many years one of the most influ- 
ential citizens of Wa.shington County. He 
regularly did duty as clerk of publi"c sales 



1356 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



in the county, and was called upon to draft 
the greater portion of the deeds and mort- 
gages of that time. These facts indicate 
that he was a man of superior education. 
He did much to found and maintain good 
schools in a time when all education was 
dependent upon local and private enter- 
prise rather than as an integral part of 
the public policy. John Hardin had three 
sons who served in the Union anuy in 
the Civil war, one of them being Capt. 
John J. Hardin, and another met death 
on a battlefield in Kentucky. 

The paternal grandparents of Harley 
P. Hardin were Andrew Jackson and Mary 
A. (Jones) Hardin, both of whom spent 
all their lives in this state. Isaac A. Har- 
din was born in Washington County and 
spent his active career as a farmer there 
until his death in 1896, at the age of forty- 
four. Isaac A. Hardin married Susan F. 
Thomerson, who survived her husband. 
She was a daughter of Isaac and Caroline 
(Patton) Thomerson, and William Thomer- 
son, grandfather of Isaac, was a native of 
Ireland. Isaac A. Hardin and wife had 
four children : Harley F. ; Eva L., who 
married Emmerson H. Hall ; "Edgar K. ; 
and Heber C. 

Harley Franklin Hardin has always been 
grateful that his early life was spent in 
the environment of an Indiana farm. He 
remembers pleasantly his boyhood days on 
the farm, and he also made the best use of 
the advantages of the public schools. From 
high school he entered the University of 
Indiana in January, 1898, but before com- 
pleting his literary course entered the law 
department, from which he was graduated 
LL. B. in 1901. In the same year he was 
admitted to the bar in Grant County, and 
was also admitted to practice before the 
Supreme Court and the United States Dis- 
trict Court. Mr. Hardin began practice at 
Mathews in Grant County August 1, 1901, 
two years later moved to Fairmount, and 
in May, 1908, established his home and 
practice at Marion. He has had a generous 
share of the legal business of that city, and 
has made his professional interests first 
and foremost, though he has not neglected 
his duties as a good citizen. He is a re- 
publican voter, is affiliated with the Masonic 
Order, the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, Knights of Pythias, and Benevolent 
Crew of Neptune. He and his wife are 



members of the Christian Church of Ma- 
rion. 

SciJtember 15, 1901, he married Miss 
Mary Emeline Burgess who was born and 
reared in Wa.shington Count.y, daughter 
of Henry Burgess. Mrs. Hardin gradu- 
ated from the Orleans High School in 
1901. Tliey are the parents of five chil- 
dren, named Belva Lorraine, Esther Ma- 
linda, Forrest Franklin, Frances Elzora 
and Carl Henry Hardin. 

Egbert A. Morris is cashier of the Fair- 
mount State Bank, of which his brother, 
William F. Morris, is president. The Fair- 
mount State Bank was established in 1902, 
with a capital stock of twent.y-five thou- 
sand dollars, and is one of a number of 
financial institutions that liave been pro- 
moted and founded by members of the 
Morris family, long prominent in Wayne, 
Grant and Madison counties. 

The Morris family was established in the 
Carolinas before the Revolutionary war. 
They were originally of the Hicksite 
Quakers and of Welsh ancestry. The found- 
er of this particular branch of the family 
in Indiana was Aaron IMorris, who was 
born in North Carolina September 6, 1776. 
July 19, 1798, he married Lydia Davis. 
They lived in North Carolina" until 1815, 
when they came to Indiana Territory, being 
six weeks in making the journey by wagon. 
In 1821 Aaron Morris bought his first 
land, adjoining the twelve-mile purchase, 
and in 1822 moved his family to it. This 
land was in Wayne County, and he lived 
there until his death September 20, 18-45. 
He was a miller by trade and had one of 
the first mills in Wayne County. 

One of his children was George Morris, 
grandfather of the Fairmount banker. He 
was born in North Carolina and was a 
child when the family came to Indiana. 
He was a merchant and also a farmer at 
Richmond, and in that city he married 
Rhoda Frampton. She was a member of 
an old Maryland family of Friends. George 
Morris died at Richmond at the early age 
of thirty-six and his widow survived him 
to the age of ninety. 

Aaron ilorris, father of Robert A., was 
born near Richmond, November 21, 1834. 
He died February 15, 1907, his being the 
first death among five children. He learned 
the trade of wagon maker in his youth, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1357 



and in 1865 became identified with the 
Hoosier Drill Company of Richmond, and 
was manager and director of that institu- 
tion until 1876. Later he was interested 
in the manufacture of reapers and mowers, 
but in 1888 removed to Pendleton in Madi- 
son County, and founded the Pendleton 
Banking Company. He was president of 
that institution for a number of years, and 
after his death it was continued with his 
son William P. as manager. In 1902 Aaron 
Morris extended his interests to Fairmount, 
Indiana, and established the Fairmount 
State Bank. Thus for nearly twenty years 
before his death he was widely known as 
a banker over the eastern counties of the 
state. He was a lifelong Quaker and a 
stanch republican, though never a candi- 
date for office. In 1865 he married ^liss 
Martha Thomas, who was born and educat- 
ed in Madison County, daughter of Louis 
and Priseilla (Moore) Thomas. Her parents 
were natives of Pennsylvania and were 
early settlers in jMadison Countj'. They 
were farming people and active members 
of the Friends church. Aaron Morris was 
survived by his widow and four children: 
William F., president of the State Bank 
of Fairmount ; Luella, wnfe of Elwood Bur- 
chell, a nut and bolt manufacturer; Robert 
A., and Elizabeth, wife of Frederick Lantz. 
Mr. Robert A. Morris was born near 
Richmond in Wayne County May 16, 1877. 
He attended the public schools of his native 
city and Earlham College, and gained his 
first experience in banking with his father 
at Pendleton. He was connected with the 
Pendleton Bank from 1895 until 1902, then 
took active charge of the Fairmount State 
Bank at the time of its organization. He 
is president of the Pendleton Banking Com- 
pany, Pendleton, Indiana, and cashier of 
the Fairmount State Bank, Fairmount, 
Indiana. He is also president of the Iiuli- 
ana Bankers Association, being elected to 
that position at Indianapolis in September, 
1918. Mr. Morris is a republican and a 
member of the Quaker church. In 1908 he 
married at Fairmount Miss Artie Suman. 
Her family lived for many years at Fair- 
mount, where she was born. Mr. and Mrs. 
Morris have one son, William S., born 
January 2, 1913. 

IVIeade S. H.\ys has been a successful 
member of the Marion bar since 1903, and 
has been in practice in his native state 



for over twenty years. He handles a gen- 
eral law practice, and has been retained 
as an attorney on one side or another with 
some of the most important litigation in the 
local and state courts. His offices are in 
the Marion Block at Marion. 

Jlr. Hays was born in White County, 
Indiana, July 1, 1866, youngest child of 
Cormacan and Harriet (Bowen) Hays. 
His father was born in Ross County, Ohio, 
in 1818, and went to Lafayette, Indiana, in 
1831. He married in 1847 Harriet F. 
Bowen, who was born in Pike County, 
Ohio, in 1827. Cormacan Hays was for a 
number of years a farmer and extensive 
dealer in cattle in ^^^lite County, but died 
at Lafayette in 1886. His widow is also 
deceased. 

]\Ieade S. Hays completed one stage of 
his education in the I5rookston Academy 
at the age of fourteen, and subsequently 
was a student for three years in Purdue 
LTniversity. Among early experiences he 
did work in the county auditor's office at 
Lafayette, was also with an insurance com- 
pany at Springfield, Illinois, as secretary, 
and for three years lived on the Pacific 
Coast. At one time he was correspondent 
of a San Francisco daily paper. Return- 
ing to Indiana in 1893 after visiting the 
World's Fair at Chicago, he devoted him- 
self to the study of law at Fowler, and 
was admitted to the bar in the spring of 
1896. He at once began practice in Fowler, 
and in the same year was democratic can- 
didate for prosecuting attorney. He con- 
tinued practice at Fowler until he removed 
to Marion in 1903. 

Mr. Hays has a son and daughter. His 
first wife died September 20, 1914, and 
he married Mrs. Zella Baker on I\Iarch 
1, 1918. 

Ch.vrles Thomas Parker has been as 
.successful in business as he has in the law, 
and for a number of years has enjoyed a 
position of recognizee! leadership in his 
home cit.y of Fairmount. 
■ Mr. Parker was born at Fairmount Oc- 
tober 1, 1864, son of Thomas Jasper and 
Rebecca (Johnson) Parker. The Parkers 
were an old family of southern Grant Coun- 
ty, coming in pioneer times from North 
Carolina and driving across country in 
wagons. Thomas J. Parker was a farmer 
and shoemaker, making shoes when that 
work was almost entirely performed by 



1358 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



hand and for the custom trade. His later 
j-ears were spent on a farm. 

Charles Thomas Parker was educated in 
the public schools, attended normal school 
at Marion, Adrian College at Adrian, Mich- 
igan, and in 1900 graduated from the law 
department of Valparaiso University. For 
the past eighteen years he has been in 
practice at Fairmount, and for twelve years 
served as Grant County attorney. 

Mr. Parker was one of the principal 
organizers, is a large stockholder and di- 
rector, and former president of the Citi- 
zens Telephone Company, which he also 
serves as attorney. He is attorney for a 
number of corporations and banks, and is 
one of the organizers and is a director of 
the Fairmount Commercial Club. He is 
president of the Board of Trustees of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church, is a 
charter member and past chancellor of 
Paragon Lodge No. 219, Ancient Free and 
Accepted ilasons, at Fairmount, and is 
a past noble grand of the Odd Fellows. 

July 27, 1887, Mr. Parker married Miss 
Rosia Cleeland, of Jonesboro, Indiana. 
They have three children : Myron Arthur, 
an expert electrician, Ralph Emerson, a 
student, and Chauncey Thomas, a student 
in the law department of Indiana Uni- 
versit}-. 

Samuel S. Rhodes. "With a business 
experience covering a period of half a cen- 
tur.y, the life and services of Samuel S. 
Rhodes have been identified with several of 
the larger cities of the central west. Now 
retired from active affairs, he enjoj's the 
honor and dignity of one of the older 
business men of Indianapolis, and has al- 
ways sustained the ideals and principles 
of business integrity whether measured by 
the old or modern standards. 

He was born in Pennsylvania, but moved 
to Ohio in early life, and for a time was 
engaged in farming near Springfield. Later 
he took the position of overseer of a plan- 
tation in ]\Iissouri. That Avas about the 
beginning of the Civil war, and owing to" 
the unsettled conditions of the country he 
returned to Ohio. In that state he offered 
his services in the defense of the Union. 
He served one term of enlistment and vol- 
unteered for a second term, and had a 
creditable part in the great tragedy of war 
until ]ieaee was declared, when he was 
honorably discharged. For a time he was 



a prisoner in the notorious Libby prison 
at Richmond. 

After the war ilr. Rhodes engaged in 
the retail hardware business at Galesburg, 
Illinois. While a resident of that city he 
married iliss Mary Conklin, and was asso- 
ciated with Col. "T. T. Snell and others 
in the building of the old Lake Erie and 
Western Railroad, with headquarters at 
Tipton, Indiana. Just after the great fire 
in Chicago in 1871 he moved to that city, 
and in association with others was engaged 
in the wholesale liardware trade on State 
Street in what is now the loop district. 

Mr. Rhodes came to Indianapolis in 1873. 
For several years he had a retail hardware 
store on the site of the present Grand 
Hotel. Later he opened another store at 
Martinsville, Indiana, and while giving 
that some of his attention he also traveled 
extensively, representing the Oliver Chilled 
Plow Company of South Bend. He then 
resumed his active connections with Indi- 
anapolis as a hardware merchant, and by 
progressive efforts built up large and im- 
portant connections with the hardware 
trade and amassed a comfortable fortune. 
When he retired from active affairs he 
was succeeded by his son, who still con- 
tinues the business founded so many years 
ago. 

Clarence R. Rhodes, only son of his 
parents, was born at Clinton, Illinois, in 
1873 but was reared and educated in Indi- 
anapolis. He had a thorough business 
training under the eye of his father and in 
1895 was made a partner in the business. 
He is now its sole owner. Clarence R. 
Rhodes married Miss Gertrude L. Henry. 
They liave one daughter, ]\Iary Adelaide. 

Charles A. Wood has for many years 
been identified with the lumber business at 
iluncie which was established by his father, 
and is now active head of tlie Kirby-Wood 
Lumber Company. 

He was born in Randolph County. Indi- 
ana, October 25, 1870, son of Julius C. and 
Clara (Morgan) Wood. His father, who 
was born in Wayne Count.v, Indiana, in 
1846, was a carpenter and farmer in his 
native county. He was a boy when the 
war broke out and in 1863 at the age of 
seventeen, enlisted in Company I of the 
124th Indiana Infantry and saw active 
service to the end. His regiment was with 
Sherman at Atlanta, and also on the march 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1359 



to the sea. An uncle of Julius C. Wood 
was Valentine Wood, who for many years 
conducted and published the Richmond 
Palladum. J. C. Wood after retm-ning 
from the army assisted in the newspaper 
office for several years. In 1880 he re- 
moved to ^Muncie and engaged in the saw 
mill and lumber business under the name 
J. C. Wood and Company. A few j'ears 
later the firm was changed to the Kirb.y- 
Wood Lumber Company. J. C. Wood was 
one of the eminent Masons of Indiana, at- 
taining the supreme honorary thirty-third 
degi-ee in the Scottish Rite. He was a 
republican and member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Charles A. Wood was educated in the 
high school at Muncie and for three years 
was a .student in De Pauw University at 
Greencastle. For seven years he was in 
the city engineer's office at Muncie, and 
then became associated with his father in 
the sawmill and lumber business, a con- 
nection which continued until his father's 
death, and since then he has been active 
head of the Kirliy-Wood Lumber Company, 
also a director in the Union National Bank. 
;\Ir. Wood is a thirty-second degree Scottish 
Rite Mason, and both he and his wife are 
prominent membei-s of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 

November 24, 1892, at Muncie, he mar- 
ried Jliss Clara Strawn. She was educated 
in the public schools of that city and in 
the Indiana State Normal at Terre Haute, 
and prior to her marriage was a successful 
teacher in the Washington School at 
Muncie. She is a member of the Woman's 
Club, and gives much of her time to church 
work. Mr. and Mrs. Wood have two chil- 
dren, Emily, born October 20, 1898, and 
Ruth, born December 28, 190.5. 

Alfred O. Meloy is street commission- 
er in the municipal government of Indi- 
anapolis. He is a man of wide range of 
private and public business experience, and 
has been a prominent tigure in the public 
affairs of Indianapolis many years. 

Jlr. Meloy was born in Neosho County. 
Kansas, in 1870, and has lived in Indian- 
apolis since 1891. Mr. Meloy filled the 
position of superintendent of streets under 
a former administration, and for three 
years before assuming his present duties 
was chief bailiff of the Circuit Court of 
JIarion County. January 7, 1918, he wa.s 



appointed street commissioner, arid is giv- 
ing to his duties aU his accustomed energy 
and efficiency. He has large forces under 
his direction in this department, which 
spends almost -$350,000 a year, and is 
the type of man who gets work done and 
brings credit to himself and the entire ad- 
ministration. 

Mr. Meloy is a member of the Marion 
Club and of various civic and social organ- 
izations, and is one of the active, progres- 
sive spirits of Indianapolis. Politically he 
is a republican. 

Mr. Meloy is married and has a happy 
family. He is one of the fathers of Indian- 
apolis whose thoughts are very much with 
the war and with the forces overseas, since 
he has three sons now wearing the uni- 
forms with the colors. His son Clifton A. 
is a member of the Sixtieth Engineer Corps 
serving in France, Glen M. is a member 
of the Thirty-fourth Balloon Corps, and 
Eugene J. is in the Marine Service. 
He is an expert rifleman and expert pis- 
tolman, which is the highest honors for 
marksmanship in the marine service. These 
sons were all born and educated in Indian- 



WiLLiAM Lowe Bryan, president of In- 
diana State University, was born near 
Bloomington, Indiana, November 11, 1860, 
a younger son of Rev. John and Eliza Jane 
(Philips) Brj'^an. After primary education 
in the common schools, he entered Indiana 
University, from which he graduated in 
course in 1884, and was employed the next 
year by the University as instructor in 
Greek. He pursued his studies at Berlin 
in 1886-7, and at Paris and Wnrzburg in 
1900-1. 

His services were wanted by the uni- 
versity continuously after his graduation 
and he was professor of philosophy there 
from 1885 to 1902; vice president, 1893- 
1902, and president from 1902 to date. It 
is under his management that the uni- 
versity has reached its present high stand- 
ing. President Brvan received the degree 
of Ph. D. from Clark University in 1892, 
the degree of LL, D. from Illinois Col- 
lege in 1904, and a second LL. D. from 
Hanover in 1908. 

On June 13, 1889, President Bryan mar- 
ried Charlotte A. Lowe, of Indianapolis, 
who collaborated with him in his first pub- 
lication, "Plato, the Teacher" (1897). He 



1360 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



is also the author of "The Republic of 
Plato" (1898), aud of numerous articles 
in encyclopedias and journals. He has 
served as a trustee of the Carnegie Foun- 
dation for the Advancement of Teaching 
since 1910. 

R. M. HuBB.vRD is one of the leading 
dentists in practice at Indianapolis and 
located there immediately after his gradu- 
ation from the Indianapolis Dental College 
in 1909. His abilities have won aud re- 
tained liim a large patronage, and he oc- 
cupies well eciuipped offices in the Odd Fel- 
low building. Mr. Hubbard is a member 
of the Indianapolis, State and National 
Dental associations. He is also connected 
with the Dental Protective Association and 
the Preparative League of American Den- 
tists, and as such has offered his profes- 
sional services free in the examination and 
treatment of enlisted men for the army. 

Doctor Hubbard was born in Putman 
County, Indiana, November 12, 1879, a son 
of Harrison and Mattie H. (Coffman) 
Hubbard. His father, who was born in 
Owen County, Indiana, in 1845, had a 
strenuous record as a soldier in the Union 
army. He enlisted in 1862, with the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and participated in fifty- 
two battles and skirmishes. He was at 
Chickamauga and. Lookout Mountain. In 
one battle he received a shell wound in the 
head that caused permanent injury. On 
receiving his honorable discharge in 1865 
he returned to his old home in Owen 
County, then removed to Putnam County, 
and became a farmer, and spent his last 
years in Morgan County. He died there 
in 1910. He was a Quaker or Friend in 
religious belief and a republican. In the 
family were four sons and two daughters, 
five of whom are still living. 

Next to the youngest in age, R. M. Hub- 
bard grew up on a farm and received most 
of his early education in the public schools 
of ^Morgan County. He entered the Indi- 
anapolis Dental College in 1906. Mr. Hub- 
bard is a republican voter. December 24, 
1912, he married Miss Jessie [Marshall, of 
Marion County. 

Gr.\nt L. Hudson. For many sound 
business reasons Anderson, Indiana, has 
become the home of many important and 
successful commercial enterprises, many of 
them having been built up entirely by local 



capital, while outside interests have con- 
tributed to the enormous development of 
others. One of the city's most prosperous 
industries at the present time is that oper- 
ated under the title of the Laurel ilotors 
Corporation, of which Grant L. Hudson is 
secretary and treasurer. 

Grant L. Hudson was born November 
13, 1862, on his father's farm near Clyde, 
Ohio. His parents were John and Lydia 
(Jones) Hudson, the latter of whom was 
born in New England and the former in 
Worcestershire, England. John Hudson 
in boyhood accompanied a brother across 
the sea to Canada. That he was indus- 
trious aud prudent may be inferred from 
the fact that before he was twenty-five 
years old he was the owner of a flour mill. 
From Brantford, Canada, he came to the 
Fnited States and bought a farm near 
Clyde. Ohio, on which place his son Grant 
L. was born, and remained there until 1865 
and then removed to Hudson, ilichigan. 
He was a man of much entei^prise and was 
ever on the alert for opportunities to better 
his fortunes. In 1876 he sold his Michigan 
interests and moved to Chillicothe, Mis- 
souri, where he conducted a large stock 
farm for the next seven years and then sold 
it to retire to his fruit farm in San Diego 
County, California, on which place his 
death occurred in 1887. 

Grant L. Hudson was given many edu- 
cational advantages, for his father was 
liberal and open-minded and anxious that 
his son should have advantages that had 
been denied him in youth. First in the 
public schools of Michigan and later in Mis- 
souri, Grant L. Hudson proved a diligent 
student and in 1880 was creditably gradu- 
ated from the high school at Chillicothe. 
From there he entered the Northwestern 
University at Evanston, Illinois, and com- 
pleted his sophomore year in that institu- 
tion, and then began the study of law in the 
office of his brother, Arthur W. Hudson, 
at Durango, Colorado. This choice of pro- 
fession subsequently brought him into in- 
timac3' with several of the notable men of 
Kansas. After one year of study with his 
brother he became a student and office 
assistant for ex-Governor John P. St. John 
at Olathe, Kansas, and during that period 
was admitted to the bar in that city. 

Circumstances and inclination both oper- 
ated to bring ;Mr. Hudson forward in poli- 
ties, and he was elected city attorney of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1361 



Olathe on the republican ticket, and con- 
tinued in office until he removed to Denver 
in 1886, in which city he became an assist- 
ant in the law oifice of United States Sen- 
ator Edward 0. Woleott. Mr. Hudson re- 
mained in that connection for six years and 
then retired in order to open an office of his 
own. In the meanwhile he had become 
active in politices at Denver and became 
county attorney of Denver County, his 
jurisdiction extending over the City of 
Denver as well as the county, and in 1908 
he was appointed probate judge of the 
city and county and served one year on the 
probate bench. He resumed private prac- 
tice after his judicial term expired and 
became one of the leaders of the Denver 
bar. 

The Laurel Motors Corporation, with 
which air. Hudson is so prominently identi- 
.fied, was founded at Anderson in 1917. 
The plant, an extensive one, has recently 
been enlarged through the erection of an- 
other factory and its fviture looks very en- 
couraging. Mr. Hudson has been secretary 
and treasurer of the corporation since Oc- 
tober, 1917. 

Mr. Hudson was married in 1912 to 
Miss Lura ]Moore, who is a daughter of 
Henry Moore, a prominent citizen of Jeffer- 
son City, Jlissouri. They have one daugh- 
ter, Katharjni, who was born in December, 
1913. ;Mr. Hudson is a member of the 
Christian Science Church. Outside of his old 
college fraternities he belong to no secret 
organizations. While not active in politics 
at present, he still is a staunch republican, 
but far beyond, any partisan tie he is a 
loj-al and patriotic citizen, and is one who 
has found a ready welcome in Anderson's 
business, professional and social circles. He 
still maintains a beautiful summer home 
at Denver, amid old and familiar surround- 
ings and where his personal friends are 
many, but his citizenship now belongs to 
Anderson. 

Charles A. Bates, a resident of Indian- 
apolis since infancy, is a young man still 
Tinder forty, but has attained those posi- 
tions which are undeniably associated with 
real achievement and success in commercial 
affairs. 

He was born at Logansport, Indiana, 
April 22, 1879. His paternal grandpar- 
ents were natives of England. His father, 
William Bates, was born in New York 



State, left home when a boy and sought 
fortune and adventure in the IMiddle West. 
When tlie war broke out between the 
North and South he enlisted in Company 
B of the Thirteenth Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, and served until honorably dis- 
charged at the conclusion of his term of 
enlistment. This company had a notable 
record of fighting on some of the most fa- 
miliar battle grounds of the war. He was 
at Kich Mountain, West Virginia. Cheat 
^Mountain Pass, Greenbrier, Winchester 
Heights, and the Thirteenth was the first 
regiment to enter the fort during the at- 
tack on Fort Warier. It was also in ac- 
tion at Cold Harbor, Bermuda Hundred, 
Petersburg, Strawberry Plain, and in 
many other engagements. While William 
Bates returned home after the war and 
put in a number of years of useful serv- 
ice, his death was eventually due to hard- 
ships and rigors of military' life. On re- 
turning to Indiana he went into railroad 
work and rose to the position of conductor. 
He was thus employed by both the Penn- 
sylvania and the Big Four Kailways. He 
moved to Indianapolis in 1881 and died in 
this city, February 11, 1888, at the age 
of forty-six. William Bates married Katie 
Syers in 1877. Of their four children the 
only one now living is Charles A. 

Charles A. Bates was educated in the 
Indianapolis public schools, and at the age 
of eighteen graduated from the old In- 
dustrial Manual Training School. He was 
practically earning his own way while at 
his books. His first real business experi- 
ence was as a newspaper carrier, distribut- 
ing the News in the evening and the Jour- 
nal and Sentinel in the morning. He is 
one of the old-time newsboys of Indianapo- 
lis who have since achieved the best honors 
of business life. He was a newsboy seven 
years. His next work was with the G. and 
J. Tire Company (now the Indianapolis 
Rubber Company) and later went into the 
local offices of the Standard Oil Company. 
He was with the Standard Oil seven years 
and rose from office boy to head of the 
stock department. Leaving that for in- 
dependent business activities, he became 
a.ssociated with an uncle in the laundry 
business and later for a time conducted 
a laundrs' of his own. Selling out, about 
a year later he became secretary and treas- 
urer of the Duckwall Belting & Hose 
Company, a large Indianapolis corpora- 



1362 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



tion with which he is still identified. Since 
1911 he has also been secretarj^ and treas- 
urer of the Zenite Metal Compan}\ The 
Zenite Metal Company has in recent 
months become a very important indus- 
try of Indianapolis and is filling some big 
war orders for munitions. Mr. Bates has 
been associated with other allied organiza- 
tions originated by Mr. Duckwall, who was 
founder of the Duckwall Belting & Hose 
Company and the Zenite Metal Companj- 
and other local concerns. 

Mr. Bates is a Protestant in religion and 
a democrat in politics. Fratei'nally he has 
attained the thirty-second degi'ee in Scot- 
tish Rite Masonry, and is also a member 
of Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 
He married February 16, 1918, Miss Edna 
May Lakin. 

Edward W. Bruns has been identified 
with merchandising in Indianapolis for a 
number of years, and is especially promi- 
nent among the grocers of the city both 
as an individual merchant, proprietor of 
a high-class establishment at 1501 Hoyt 
Avenue, and also as a leader in the local 
grocers association. Mr. Bruns was born 
at Sunman, Ripley County, Indiana, Oc- 
tober 1, 1878, oldest son in the family of 
eight children born to Herman and Re- 
becca (Kammeyer) Bruns. His father 
was a child when the grandparents left 
Bremen, Germany, and came to the United 
States. He grew to manhood in Ripley 
County, Indiana, and as a mere youth en- 
listed "in Company G of the Eighty-Third 
Indiana Infantry for service in the Civil 
war. He gave a .splendid account of him- 
self as a private soldier, and was with the 
armies of the Union until the rebellion was 
put down and peace declared. He was 
in the Vicksburg campaign and in the fa- 
mous march from Atlanta to the sea. 
After the war he took up farming in Rip- 
ley County, Indiana, and he lived a life 
of industry and honor in that community 
until his death, on June 20, 1917, at the 
age of seventy-six. His wife was born in 
America and died at the age of sixty-seven 
in 1912. They were members of the Chris- 
tian Union Church at Sunman. Herman 
Bruns was active in the Grand Army of 
the Repulilic and in earlier years supported 
the democratic party and finally became 
a republican. 

Edwai'd W. Bruns grew up at his fath- 



er's home in Ripley Countj- and attended 
school at Sunman. At the age of sixteen 
he left school to help his father on the 
farm. He also gained a good knowledge 
of business a.s an employe of his brother- 
in-law, a butcher and merchant, and at 
the age of twenty-oue took service with 
a general merchant at Weisberg, Indiana. 
Three years later he returned to Sunman 
and in 1900 came to Indianapolis and 
formed a partnership with Charles Stein- 
fort. For seven years they were in the 
grocery business at Shelby Street and 
Fletcher Avenue, and then Mr. Brims 
bought out his partner and became sole 
proprietor and has since conducted a flour- 
ishing enterprise at his present location. 
In 1907 Mr. Bruns married Ida Stein- 
fort. They are members of the Edmond 
Ray Methodist Church, and Mr. Bruns is 
one of the trustees. In a business way he 
is a director in the Sanitary Milk Products 
Company and in the International Grocers 
Company. Politically he votes as an inde- 
pendent. 

Charles H. Stuckmeter has been a 
resident of Indianapolis sixty-seven years. 
These have been j-ears fruitful in the ma- 
terial rewards that accompany honest and 
upright endeavor and have also brought 
him substantial position in community es- . 
teem. 

Mr. Stuekmeyer was born in Cincinnati. 
Ohio, August 10, 1850, and a few weeks 
after his birth his parents, John Henry 
and ;\Iary Elizabeth (Nordman) Stuek- 
meyer, moved to Indianapolis, so that in 
all essential particulars he has been a life- 
long resident of this city. John Henry 
Stuekmeyer wa.s born in the Kingdom of 
Hanover, Germany, of very poor but in- 
dustrious parents. To add to the diffi- 
culties of his early childhood his father 
died when the son was small and the wid- 
owed mother was left with the care and 
superintendence of a considerable family. 
When John Henry was about twelve years 
of age she brought her household to- the 
United States and settled in Cincinnati, 
where after finishing his education in the 
parochial schools he went to work as a 
cabinet maker. He developed great pro- 
ficiency at that trade, and it was as a cabi- 
net maker and carpenter that he developed 
a business which enabled him to provide 
for his family. In September. 1850, he 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1363 



brought his family to Indianapolis, and 
here he paid $250 for a lot at the corner 
of Alabama and Maryland streets, on 
which the family had their first home. 
This lot is now occupied by the county 
jail. About the beginning of the Civil 
war he sold this property and bought some 
lots on Virginia Avenue, between Cedar 
and Norwood streets, and there put up a 
home and also a business building. A few 
years before his death the family moved 
to 810 Buchanan Street. For a long pe- 
riod of .years John Henry Stuckmeyer was 
a carpenter and contractor and built many 
of the better homes of the city and also 
taught and trained three of his sons to be- 
come expert house builders. The wife of 
John Henry Stuckmeyer was a small child 
when her parents came from German.y 
and located in Cincinnati, and a number 
of her relatives in the Nordman family 
afterward settled in and around Jones- 
ville, Indiana. John H. Stuckmeyer and 
wife were members of the Lutheran 
Church and in politics he was a demo- 
crat. They had six children : John H., 
who died at the age of "thirtv-five ; August 
G., who died in 1913: William H., a 
farmer living at Moulton, Alabama; Ed- 
ward and Mrs. William Sirp, both resi- 
dents of Indianapolis; and Charles H. 

Charles H. Stuckmeyer was reared and 
educated in Indianapolis, attending both 
parochial and public schools. As a boy 
he gained a thorough knowledge of the 
carpenter's trade in his father's shop, and 
followed that vocation almost entirely until 
he was about nineteen, when he went to 
St. Louis, Missouri, and found employ- 
ment as clerk in a grocery store. Eighteen 
months later he returned to Indianapolis 
and with his brother August formed a 
partnership and embarked in the butcher 
business at McCarty Street and Virginia 
Avenue. This firm did a flourishing trade 
there for many years and gradually their 
enterprise developed into a small chain of 
stores, including one at Georgia and Noble 
streets and another at Pine and English 
streets. The basis of their success as mer- 
chants was due to hard work, cordial treat- 
ment of Itu'ii- ciisldiiiers, and fair and prac- 
tical dealiii;:s ihi'nughout. 

In 19U2 Mr. Stuckmeyer, associated witli 
his .son-in-law, P^red A. Behrent, engaged 
in the coal business at Lexington Avenue 
and the Big Four tracks. Among various 



other interests which he now controls he is 
vice president of the Fountain Square 
Bank. 

He has always been interested in the 
success of the democratic party and served 
two terms as a member of the city council, 
and during the Taggart administration 
was city clerk of Indianapolis two terms. 
He and his family are members of St. 
Paul's' Evangelical Lutheran Church, and' 
jMr. Stuckmeyer has always been devoted 
to the interests of his family and his home. 

October 26, 1871, he married Mary E. 
Enners, daughter of Philip and Wilhel- 
niina Enners. She was born on Massachu- 
setts Avenue in Indianapolis. Harry, sec- 
ond child of their marriage, died in 
childhood; Clara is the wife of Fred A. 
Behrent, a native of Indianapolis and now 
associated with ]\Ir. Stuckmeyer in the coal 
business ; Albert is a resident of Indianapo- 
lis ; Dr. W. E. Stuckmeyer, of Indianapo- 
lis : and Arthur G., who is employed in the 
coal business. 

WiLLi.\.\i N.VCKENHORST is president of 
the Fountain Square State Bank of In- 
dianapolis. This institution was organ- 
ized in March, 1908, and its doors opened 
for business July 8th of that year, George 
G. Robinson was the first president, and 
Mr. White the first cashier. The bank 
began with a capital of $25,000, all 
paid up, and the capital has remained 
fixed at that figure, though now a surplus 
of $25,000 has been accumulated, and the 
institution has steadily grown in patron- 
age and service and its deposits now ag- 
gregate about $500,000. In 1910 Mr. Rob- 
inson was succeeded as president by Wil- 
liam Nackenhorst, and the present cashier 
is H. J. Budens. 

All his adult life Mr. William Nacken- 
horst has spent in the Fountain Square 
section of Indianapolis. His has been a 
busy and successful career, and as presi- 
dent of the bank he enjoys a high place 
in the financial commimity of Indianapo- 
lis. 

His father was John Frederick Nacken- 
horst, who was born at Osnabrueck, Ger- 
many. August 2, 1827. While a youth he 
sei-ved three years in the German army. 
In 1850 he emigrated to America, landing 
in New York City, and from there went 
to Pittsburg, where he found em]ilo\nnent 
in a local gas plant. While in Pittsburg 



1364 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



he married Lizzie Otte. In 1873 John F. 
Nackenhorst came to Indianapolis and 
spent his active years in labor. He was 
an honest, industrious, thrifty citizen and 
reared his children to lives of usefulness 
and honor, giving them all the education 
within his means and leaving a name to 
be respected by them and by all who knew 
him during his lifetime. He was a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church and in poli- 
tics a republican. He died in October, 
1911, and his wife in February, 1901. 
Their three children were: John Fred- 
erick; IMary, ilrs. Valentine Schneider, 
and William. 

Jlr. William Nackenhorst was born at 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, March 2, 1863, 
began his education in that city, and froni 
the age of ten attended the pulilic schools 
of Indianapolis. When a boy he found 
employment as clerk in a grocery store, 
and for eleven years applied himself 
steadily to his duties, to learning the busi- 
ness, and to providing his own support. 
Finally he had the modest capital which 
enabled him to engage in the grocery busi- 
ness himself, and for many years he con- 
ducted the leading store of that kind in 
the Fountain Square neighborhood. Since 
1911 he has been in the retail coal bi;si- 
ness, and is president of the William 
Nackenhorst Coal and Coke Company. 
He took stock in the Fountain Square 
State Bank when it was organized, and 
gradually assumed closer connections with 
the institution until he was elected its 
president in 1910. 

Mr. Nackenhorst is a democrat in poli- 
tics, is a Royal Arch Mason, has served as 
jury commissioner, but otherwise has never 
wanted nor has he been willing to accept 
political office. In 1903 he married Trede 
Leonard, of Wabash, Indiana. Their one 
daughter is Helen Nackenhorst. 

Theodore Weinsh.\nk is senior member 
of Weinshank & Fenstermaker, mechanical, 
heating and ventilating engineers, with of- 
fices in the Hume-Mansur Building at In- 
dianapolis. Long years of service and ex- 
perience have brought Mr. Weinshank an 
enviable reputation in engineering circles, 
particularly as an authority on subjects 
connected with heating and ventilating. 

Aside from his prominence in his profes- 
sion his career has been of more than or- 
dinary interest because of his experience 



and achievements in promoting himself in 
the face of many difficulties. A more thor- 
ough American it would be difficult to find. 
He was born and reared in Ruissia, and 
from the standpoint of his early life he 
probably appreciates more of the real i^irit 
of American democracy than many native 
born. He was born in the City of Bo- 
bruisk, Province of Minsk, Russia, August 
15, 1865. His birth occurred at an inter- 
esting time in Russian history. Several 
days previously the Czar Alexander II had 
ended a revolutionary struggle in RiLssia 
and had abolished serfdom or slavery 
throughout the empire. 

Mr. Weinshank is a son of Benedict and 
Liebe Weinshank. Both parents were of 
Holland ancestry. Their gi-eat-gi-andpar- 
ems had moved from Holland to Rassia 
about 1750. The name Weinshank as orig- 
inally spelled in Holland was* Vonshank, 
but as the result of changes which fre- 
quently occurred in the pronunciation and 
spelling of names the present form was 
acquired. 

At an early age Theodore Weinshank 's 
studies were directed toward a career in the 
ministry. He had considerable technical 
education in religious subjects. At the age 
of fourteen he was entered at the Gymna- 
sium, where his chief subjects were in med- 
icine. 

All his own plans and those of his par- 
ents wei-e changed by a great national 
event in 1882, the assassination of Czar Al- 
exander II. Mr. Weinshank was then sev- 
enteen years of age. There soon followed 
the persecution of everyone connected with 
any school or university, and on the advice 
of his parents Theodore left for America. 
He arrived in New York in April, 1882. 
Almost his first experience was being 
fleeced of all his money by bvinko men. 
This put him on his own resources, and 
there were many hard experiences during 
the years following before he became es- 
tablished in his profession. 

With a number of Russian immigrants 
he left for South Dakota, then part of the 
Territory of Dakota. After attaining his 
majority he took up a homestead and tried 
farming there for five years. The hard- 
ships of life on the frontier and the Da- 
kotas have been frequently described. Mr. 
Weinshank hardly missed any of these 
hardships. One time he had a piece of land 
where water could not be obtained. There 




■^St-tt? yy-e^ *^-<lx< 



^ "^sA^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1365 



occurred three successive failures of crops 
on account of hailstorms. While he lost 
none of the real courage and determina- 
tion of life by these circumstances, he did 
become convinced that his fortune was not 
to be made in the West, and therefore 
sought means of returning east to finish 
his education. 

While in Dakota Mr. Weinshank married 
his step-niece, Sophia Shapiro, or as she 
was then called Sophia Weinshank, being 
the step-daughter of his older brother. Mr. 
Weinshank was not able to realize enough 
from his experiences in the Dakotas to re- 
turn east and therefore worked in the 
northern pineries of Wisconsin as a lumber 
jack, for a time in a coal mine at Fort 
Dodge, Iowa, and eventually reached Chi- 
cago. There he went to work as a con- 
ductor on a street car. During the follow- 
ing eighteen months he saved enough from 
his earnings to study evenings and pass 
the examination for admission to the IJni- 
versity of Illinois in 1892. He was not 
only a man of experience but a man of 
family when hei entered the univereity, 
having two children, Anna, then two years 
old, and Will, aged six months. Entering 
the University of Illinois with limited 
funds, Mr. Weinshank worked his way 
through by many shifts and economies. 
Friday nights he substituted the fireman 
at the water works. All day Saturday he 
was employed at upholstering in a furni- 
ture store. Saturday night he hauled ice 
from cans at the ice plant. Sunday was 
then devoted to study and sleep. This 
work, together with what he managed to 
save during the summer by working at 
steam-fitting, enabled him to graduate from 
the university in 1S96 with the degree 
Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engi- 
neering. While writing his thesis he ob- 
tained some data on heating which had nor 
been previously published, and this re- 
search enabled him to procure a position 
the day after he graduated and helped 
build the foundation for his later success. 

In the twenty years since then Mr. Wein- 
shank 's reputation has steadily grown, and 
during his many years at Indianapolis he 
has ranked first and foremost in all the 
technical problems involved in heating, 
ventilation and air conditioning. His pro- 
fessional work as consulting engineer on 
these subjects has called him into many 
.states. Earlv in his career as a mechani- 



cal engineer he jiaid special attention to 
the ventilation of public buildings. He 
read a number of papers before engineer- 
ing societies on the subject. The papers 
were the foundation for the appointment 
of committees on research to bring out for- 
cibly the practical methods of cooling 
buildings in the summer time as well as 
thorough ventilation of theaters and pub- 
lic buildings at all times. 

For the past seventeen years :\Ir. Wein- 
shank has paid special attention to the 
utilization of exhaust steam from engines 
for heating purposes. The installations 
that have been made under his supervision 
and from his plans have been ijivariably 
successful. 

As this brief record indicates ilr. Wein- 
sliank is thoroughly a man of the people, 
a democrat in the essential meaning of 
that terra. In fact it was the root meaning 
of the word democrat that resulted in his 
first formal partisan atfiliations in polities 
in America. He cast his first vote in 1892 
for Grover Cleveland for president. In 
those years he was not familiar with Amer- 
ican politics. He knew no difference be- 
tween the republican and democratic par- 
ties, and made his choice of one of them 
from the origin of the two words. Demo- 
crat is made up of the Greek word "De- 
mos" meaning people, and "Crates" mean- 
ing rule. The word republican on the 
other hand is a Latin combination, "Res" 
meaning business, and "publicum" mean- 
ing public. His sympathy with any gov- 
ernment that seemed to be based on the 
rule of the people caused his choice of party 
affiliations. In later years, however, he 
studirnl and learned the differences in po- 
litical principles and practices and has vot- 
ed accordingly'. 

Since gi-aduation from university Mr. 
Weinshank has become a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Masons, the American Society of Mechani- 
cal Engineers, American Society of Heat- 
ing and Ventilating Engineers, National 
Association of Stationary Engineers, Na- 
tional District Heating Association, the 
Travelers Protective Association and the 
United Commercial Travelers. Being busi- 
ly engaged at all times with his profes- 
sional work, he never held an office, prefer- 
ring to remain in the rank and file. He 
has also been a member of the Athenaeum 
of Indianapolis, the Indianapolis Athletic 



1366 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Club, the Chamber of Commerce and the 
Alumni Association of the University of 
Illinois. 

For all this worthy record Mr. Wein- 
shank probably has more pride in his three 
children than any other one fact of his life. 
His oldest daughter, Anna, is now Mrs. S. 
P. Pearson of Chicago, the son William 
Theodore is now in the United States army 
fighting for the principles with which his 
father is so much in sympathy. The son 
Harry Theodore is in an officers training 
school at Fortress Monroe, Virginia. 

Charles Major, author, was born at In- 
dianapolis, July 25, 1856. His father, 
Judge Stephen Major, who was Circuit 
judge of the IMarion County Circuit at 
the time, was born at Granard, County 
Longford, Ireland, :\Iarch 25, 1811. He 
attended the local schools at Granard and 
Edgeworthstown and in 1829 emigrated to 
America. He located in Shelby County, 
Indiana, read law with Philip Switzer, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1831. He 
was well known as a lawyer and judge in 
Indiana. On April 9, 1840, he married 
Phoebe Gaskill, a woman of superior in- 
tellect, daughter of Dr. George Gaskill. 
She was a native of Dearborn County, In- 
diana. 

In 1869 Judge Major removed to Shel- 
byville, where Charles completed his com- 
mon school education, graduating in 1872. 
He then attended Michigan University 
until 1875, after which he read law with 
his father. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1877, was a partner of H. S. Downey, 
1881-4; elected city clerk of Shelbyville 
in 1885; elected state representative in 
1886. In 1883 he married Miss Alice 
Shaw, of Shelby County. 

In 1898 Indiana, and soon the whole 
country, was taken by storm by a new 
romance, "When Knighthood Was in 
Flower," over the name "Edwin Casko- 
den," who was soon identified as Charles 
]\Iajor. The book attracted the attention of 
Julia Marlowe, then at the height of her 
popularity, and at her solicitation it was 
dramatized for her, and presented on the 
stage with great success. It was followed 
bv other books of Mr. Major. "Bears of 
Blue River," (1900) ; "Dorothy Vernon of 
Haddon Hall," (1902); "A Forest 
Hearth," (1903) ; "Yolanda, Maid of Bur- 
gundy," (1905) ; "Uncle Tom Andy Bill," 



(1908); "A Gentle Knight of Old Bran- 
denburg," (1909); and ■'The Little 
King," (1910). 

Mr. Major also contributed to various 
magazines. He died at his home at Shel- 
byville, February 13, 1913. 

Ben.jamin F. Hetherington was one 
of the sterling characters of the older In- 
dianapolis who had much to do with the 
present prosperity of the city. He was 
a man of many strong and lovable charac- 
teristics of mind and heart, and impressed 
his character upon the spirit of the mate- 
rial business prosperity of Indianapolis. 

He was born October 30, 1828, at Car- 
lisle, England, a son of John and Ann 
(Wilson) Hethering-ton, being the young- 
est of twelve children. His father dying 
when he was twelve years of age, he came 
with his widowed mother to the United 
States a year later, and his first employ- 
ment was in a cotton factory at Webster, 
JIassachusetts. He possessed a natural 
aptitude for mechanics. It was this apti- 
tude, subsecpiently highly developed, 
which made him a successful business 
builder. 

At nineteen he was appi'enticed to the 
machinist's trade. In the earl.v '50s he 
came We.st, to Cincinnati, aud in 1852 to 
Indianapolis. Here he worked several 
years at his trade for Deloss Root and 
Hassellman & Vinton. For ten years he 
was an employe of the old Indianapolis, 
Cincinnati and Louisville Railroad. 

He left the railroad shops to open in a 
small way a machine shop. This business 
expanded and prospered and later Fred- 
erick Berner, Sr., of Cincinnati, and 
Joseph Kindel were admitted as partners. 
With the influx of additional capital and 
assistance new shops were built on South 
Pennsylvania Street, now known as the 
Ewalci Over Plant. Six years later Mr. 
Hetherington disposed of his interests and 
for a number of years thereafter was a 
stockholder and assistant manager for the 
Sinker & Davis Company. 

He had been with this concern about 
two years when he rejoined his former 
partner, Frederick Berner, Sr., and they 
bought property and erected a shop on 
South Street over Pogue's Run, immedi- 
ately south of the present LTnion Station. 
This business grew until it ranked as one 
of the principal industries of Indianapolis. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1367 



AVitli the passing of time Frederick A. 
Iletheriiigtoii and Frederick Berner, Jr., 
sons of the proprietors, were admitted as 
members of the firm, now changed to an 
incorporated company, and of these 
Frederick A. Hetherington is the only 
survivor at present. Eventually the busi- 
ness outgrew its environment, and in 1910 
four acres were purchased at Kentucky 
Avenue and White River, large and eom- 
modioias buildings were erected, and mod- 
em facilities installed. It is now one of the 
large manufacturing houses of Indianapo- 
lis, gives employment to many hands, and 
has capital and surplus of approximately 
$400,000. The original owners are long 
since deceased, but the second and third 
generations of the Hetheringtons and 
Berners conduct the business founded by 
their forbears at a time when Indianapolis 
was little more than a village. The pres- 
ent officers are: Frederick A. Hethering- 
ton, son of Benjamin F., president ; Lewis 
Berner, nephew of Frederick Berner, sec- 
retary ; Robert Berner, vice president : 
Carl F. Hetherington, son of Frederick A., 
treasurer and chief mechanical engineer. 

The above facts are such as are often 
found in the history of a typically Ameri- 
can business brought up from small be- 
ginnings to succe.ss and prosperity. But 
of the personality and character' of the 
late Benjamin F. Hetherington much re- 
mains to be said. In the broad accep- 
tance of the term he was not a superior 
business man. His real forte was in me- 
chanics, and in that he was a genius. He 
came to Indianapolis when the town was 
a prospective city rather than an accom- 
plished fact, and was contemporaneous 
with Hasselman, Sinker, Vajen and others 
prominent at that period. It is claimed 
that ilr. Hetherington built and helped 
devise the first machine gun ever con- 
structed. This gun was constructed for 
Doctor Gatling, whose name it has ever 
since borne. Benjamin F. Hetherington 
was a remarkable character, possessed 
many admirable qualities that endeared 
him to his friends, and his impress for 
good is indelibly left on the face of In- 
dianapolis history.' 

At Webster, Massachusetts, he married 
Miss Jane Stephen, daughter of William 
and Diana Stephen. Of the six cliildren 
born to their union but one is still living. 

Frederick A. Hetherington was born 



October 1, 1S59, at Indianapolis, and was 
educated in the public schools. At an 
early age he began working in his father's 
shop and by self-application learned engi- 
neering. He undoubtedly inherited some 
of his mechanical genius from his father. 
For some ten years he was superintendent 
of the Campbell Printing Press and ilanu- 
facturing Company of New York City. 
At the solicitation of his father he re- 
turned to his native city in time to in- 
corpoi'ate and reorganize the business. 
^Ir. Hetherington has always manifested 
a keen interest in the field of applied 
science. At one time he invented a port- 
able hand camera for taking pictures. 
This was at the beginning of the "kodak" 
busuiess made famous later by the East- 
num firm of Rochester'. Probably the 
greatest of all his inventions was the rail- 
way asphalt paving plant — manufactur- 
ing all the different types of asphalt or 
bituminous pavement, established upon a 
steel car especially built for the purpose. 
It revolutionized asphalt paving in the 
I'nited States, and because it destroyed 
a gigantic monopoly theretofore enjoved 
the validity of the patent was bitterlv eon- 
tested in the courts. Jlr. Hetherinston 
was finally sustained. 

He is a man of versatile talents. For 
three years, in addition to his regular shop 
work, he attended the original Indiana 
School of Art. Pie produced illustrations 
and cartoons for the old Indianapolis pe- 
riodicals. Herald, People, and Scissors,. 
and also illustrated for Indiana's great- 
est poet, James Whiteomb Riley, before 
Riley had become so famous. 

November 3, 1880, Mr. Hetherington 
married Miss Emma Boardman. She died 
December 11, 1911, leaving three children- 
Carl F.: Rosalind, Mrs. Willard B. Bot- 
tone of New York City: and :\Iarian, Mrs. 
Harvey .Marsh of Geneva. Illinois. 

P.\RRY F.VMJLY. In tlu> Parry Manu- 
facturuig Company of Indianapolis is 
found the chief business expression of the 
abilities and activities of a prominent and 
notable family of Indiana. 

The founders of this business were Da- 
vid M. and Thomas II. Parr>-. brothers. 
It was estalilished about 1886. These 
brothers were the sons of Thomas J. and 
Lydia (IMacLean) Parry. Thomas J. 
Pari'y was a son of Henry Parry. Tlie 



1368 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



latter, a native of Wales, learned the pro- 
fession of civil engineer in that country 
and came to the. United States during the 
latter part of the eighteenth century. He 
saw active service in the War of 1812, and 
afterward became a millwright and car- 
penter. Henry Parry married Sarah 
Cadwalader, daughter of General John 
Cadwalader, who gained distinction in the 
Kevolutionary war and had an active part 
in laying out and founding the original 
Pittsburg. Through his wife. Henry 
Parry became owner of considerable prop- 
erty "at Pittsburg, and both of them spent 
the' rest of their days there. They were 
the parents of twelve children. 

Thomas J. Parry, youngest of these chil- 
dren, was born September 24, 1822. He 
became a farmer and followed that occu- 
pation through most of his life. In 1853 
he came West, to Indiana, locating on a 
farm near Laurel in Franklin County. He 
was distinguished by the depth and sin- 
cerity of his convictions, and from his fore- 
bears he inherited sterling honesty and up- 
righteousness of conduct. At first he was 
an ardent whig and later a republican, 
and he embraced the doctrines of this 
party with such enthusiasm that it was 
impossible for him to countenance any 
other political faith. In religious matters 
he was equally single minded and gave 
complete adherence to the Presbyterian 
Church. He never held any political of- 
iice, his time being entirely required by 
insuring a livelihood for himself and fam- 
ily. His death occurred September 21, 
1899. He and his wife had five children : 
Edward R., David M., Jennie, Mrs. 0. P. 
Griffith, Thomas H. and St. Clair. The 
two oldest were born in Pennsylvania and 
the rest in Indiana. 

David M. and Thomas H. Parry engaged 
in the manufacture of buggies at Rush- 
ville about 1883. In order to get addi- 
tional facilities and capital they moved 
to Indianapolis in 1886, thus founding the 
present busines.s of the Parry ilaniafac- 
turing Company. In 1888 St. "Clair Parry 
and in 1890 Edward R. Parry became 
partners in the business. It was an in- 
dustry started on a small scale but grew 
rapidly and was incorporated in 1888 as 
the Parry Manufacturing Company. The 
original capital was $35,000, but in 1891 
this was increased to $500,000 common 
stock and $700,000 preferred. At present 



all the stock has been retired except the 
half a million of common. 

St. Clair Parry was born on a farm in 
Franklin County, Indiana, February 19, 
1861, and was educated in the public 
schools of Connersville. He clerked in 
that town several years in a hardware 
store, and then became clerk in the Citi- 
zens Bank, owned by J. N. Huston, a dis- 
tinguished Indiana financier who was 
treasurer of the United States under Presi- 
dent Benjamin Harrison. 

From the bank St. Clair Parry engaged 
in the hardware business for himself, but 
in 1888 joined his brothers as a vehicle 
manufacturer at Indianapolis. The capi- 
tal city has been his home for the past 
thirty years. He was secretary and treas- 
urer of the company until 1909, at which 
date he was elected president, a position he 
still occupies. 

Mr. Parry is a republican, is a Royal 
Arch and thirty-second degree Mason and 
Shriner, belongs to the Columbia Club, the 
Country Club, the Woodstock Club, the 
Chamber of Commerce and is a member 
of the Second Presbyterian Church. 

June 5, 1895, he married Margaret Guf- 
fin, of Rushville, daughter of George 
Guffin. They have one son, George 
Thomas. 

Arthur E. Bradshaw, of Indianapolis, 
is one of that large army of citizens who 
in an unostentatious way are carrying the 
real and heavy burdens of commercial and 
civic life and are satisfied with perform- 
ance of duty even if they do not win the 
shoulder straps of conspicuous activity. 

His grandfather, Rev. Samuel Brad- 
shaw, was a native of England and a min- 
ister of the Episcopal Church. He came 
to America, thus establishing the family 
in the United States. William Brad- 
shaw, father of the Indianapolis business 
man, was born in the State of Michigan, 
and in 1838 moved to Delphi, Indiana, 
where he engaged in the watchmaking and 
jewelry business. At Delphi he married 
Georgiana Sampson, and they spent the 
greater part of their lives in that city. 

Arthur E. Bradshaw was born at Delphi, 
the oldest of a family of three children. 
His boyhood days were spent in the pub- 
lie schools and in such other pursuits as 
were customary for the youth of his time 
and locality. He early learned the watch- 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



13G9 



maker's trade from his father, and fol- 
lowed that as a means of earning his liv- 
ing for about fifteen years. In the mean- 
time with other parties he organized the 
Indianapolis Jlortar and Fuel Company. 
The gi-owth of this business necessitated 
his removal to Indianapolis in 1902, and 
since that year he has been president and 
directing head of the corporation. The 
concern, established in a modest way, has 
expanded until it is now one of the larg- 
est businesses of its kind in Indiana. 
While its principal work is the handling 
of a general line of building material and 
of coal, it is known in several states for 
its special line of manufacture, the 
"Hoosier" brand of plaster. 

jMr. Bradshaw belongs to that class of 
men who live their lives in a well-ordered 
manner, always support movements affect- 
ing the community welfare, and possesses 
that quiet efficiency which gets things done 
in any undertaking with which he is con- 
nected. Mr. Bradshaw is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, the Columbia, 
Marion, Rotary and Canoe clubs, the Turn- 
verein and is a Knight Templar and thirty- 
second degree Scottish Rite Mason and a 
member of the Mystic Shrine. 

In 1885 he married Mi.ss Jennie Jack- 
son. Three daughters were born to their 
marriage. One of them died at the age of 
thirteen, and the two living are Jessie and 
MarJ^ 

Frank M. Hay. With a record as a 
Union soldier that merits all the distinctive 
honor now paid the survivors of the Civil 
war, Frank M. Hay is one of the older 
members of the Indianapolis bar, and has 
practiced his profession in that city thirty 
years or more. 

He represents a notable ancestry con- 
nected with the earliest territorial period 
of Indiana. The Hay family originated 
in Scotland. His great-gi-andfather, 
James Hay, participated in the expedition 
which captured Vincennes in the 
eighteenth century, and he was the first 
sheriff of the territory of Indiana. Later 
he joined General Clark's expedition to 
the Pacific Coast. Mr. Hay's grandfather, 
James, Jr., was born in Indiana and 
served as a soldier with General Harrison 
at the Battle of Tippecanoe, where he wii-s 
wounded. He .spent his last days in Clark 
County, Indiana. 



P'rank i\I. Hay was born in Clark Coun- 
ty, October 17,' 1844, a son of John Mil- 
ton and Sarah J. (Boggis) Hay. His 
father was born in Clark County, this 
state, in 1816, the year Indiana was ad- 
mitted to the Union, and died in 1877. He 
was a man of many brilliant parts, though 
self educated. For over ten years he was 
a draftsman in the shipyards at Jefferson- 
ville, Indiana, and was skilled in every de- 
tail of steamboat construction and ec[uip- 
ment. In his early life he taught school. 
In 1872, he removed to Windfall, Tipton 
County, Indiana, and was a carpenter and 
farmer there the rest of his life. He be- 
gan voting as a whig, took up republican 
principles in the '50s, but in 1864 devi- 
ated from that allegiance to support 
George B. McClellan for the presidency. 
He had served as a lieutenant-colonel of 
the state militia. He and his wife had 
nine children, five of whom are still liv- 
ing. 

Frank il. Hay, fourth in age among his 
father's children, began his active career 
at the age of sixteen as a laborer on a 
farm and as a carpenter's apprentice. 
This occupation he did not follow long. On 
August 19, 1861, he enlisted in the Seventh 
Indiana Infantry, in Company F, as a 
private. His active military service was 
included in a period of four years, three 
months and twenty-three days. He re- 
ceived his honorable discharge in 1864, 
but in the meantime had fought in thirty- 
six battles, including Gettysburg, Wilder- 
ness, Antietam and many others. Toward 
the close of his ser\-ice and while on the 
skirmish line he was captured by the Con- 
federates, August 19, 1864, and was sent 
as a prisoner to Libby Prison, but made 
his escape. After his honorable discharge 
]\Ir. Hay returned to Johnson County, 
Indiana, and took up the study of law, 
and also lived a short time in Illinois. 
After following several different vocations 
he resumed the study of law and began 
the practice of the profession in Illinois. 
He later removed to Indianapolis, and 
combined the law with the brokerage busi- 
ness. In 1886 he was elected a justice of 
tlie i)eace and filled that office four years. 
Since the close of his term he has steadily 
]iracticed law, aiul has also specialized in 
selective work. ]\Ir. Hay is a strong re- 
l)ublican, is a member of the Knights of 
I'ytliias and of George H. Chapin Post 



1370 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



No. 209, Grand Army of the Republic. He 
is a member of the Marion Club' of In- 
dianapolis. 

August 8, 1869, at.Mattoon, Illinois, Mr. 
Hay married Miss Martha S. Payne. Of 
their two children the only one now liv- 
ing is Thomas J. Ha.y, who to thovisands 
of Indianans as well a.s in his home city 
of Chicago represents the culminating suc- 
cess and ability of automobile salesman- 
ship. 

Thomas J. Hay was educated in the 
common schools and in a business college 
at Indianapolis, and for three years also 
studied law in his father's office. A few 
years ago an automobile trade journal re- 
ferred to Thomas J. Hay as occupying "a 
peculiar and commanding position in the 
national automobile field. During the past 
eight years fifteen thousand automobiles 
have been purchased in Chicago and vi- 
cinity through this one man. Tom J. Hay " 
knows automobiles as do few other men in 
the field. Prior to engaging in the auto- 
mobile trade in Chicago he spent six years 
in an automobile factory helping to per- 
fect and design one of America's leading 
gas cars. No man in the retail automo- 
bile business has earned such a high repu- 
tation for honest service, square dealing 
and authoritative knowledge." 

John P. V.\n Kirk is one of the veteran 
building contractors of LaPorte, where he 
has been in business over forty-five years. 
He has put a tremendous amount of en- 
ergy into all his undertakings, and for 
that reason early overcame certain handi- 
caps due to lack of educational opportuni- 
ties as a boy and the necessity of earn- 
ing his own living when most youths of 
his age were in school. 

He was born in Logansport, Indiana. 
His father, John Van Kirk, was a native 
of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. 
The grandfather, also John Van Kirk, was 
a distiller at Pittsburg and spent all his 
life in Pennsylvania. He was lineally 
descended from a John Van Kirk, who 
was born in America, about 1661, and a 
resident of New Amsterdam. Tradition 
says that he was associated with the Van 
Dike brothers who were banished fi-om 
Holland. John Van Kirk, father of the 
LaPorte contractor, was reared and mar- 
ried in Pennsylvania, and in 1846 moved 
to Indiana, living for a time in Logans- 



port, later at Pulaski, and finally taking 
up a farm in Marshall County, where he 
lived until his death at the age of sixty- 
four. He married Mary Coalter. She 
was born in Westmoreland County, 
Pennsylvania, daughter of Philip Coalter, 
a native of Prussia, and on coming to 
America, lived in Pennsylvania some years 
and later in Ohio. Mrs. John Van Kirk 
died at the age of eighty-three, having 
reared four sons and four daughters. 

John P. Van Kirk made the best of his 
opportunities to obtain an education, but 
at the age of thirteen he left home and 
from that time forward was self-support- 
ing. He earned his living at any legiti- 
mate work that ofi'ered and in 1864 came 
to LaPorte and w-as apprenticed to learn 
the trade of brick making. At the end of 
a year his employer died and after that 
he worked as a journeyman. ' Having ac- 
quired a thorough skill and having 
thriftily saved his earnings he used his in- 
dependent ability to set up a business of 
Lis own as a contractor in 1871, and from 
that time forward has been one of the 
leading men in his line in LaPorte. Much 
of his present prosperity is represented 
in real estate investments, both in the city 
and in suburban property. Much of this 
has been improved by him. In 1871 he 
built the home where he and his wife have 
since resided, at 1006 Monroe Street. 

In 1869, at the age of twenty, Mr. Van 
Kirk married Miss Mahala E. Wise. She 
was born on a farm in Suffield Township 
of Portage County, Ohio, a daughter of 
Jacob S. and Mary (Harsh) Wise. Her 
grandfather, Siebold Wise, was a life long 
resident of Pennsylvania. Jacob Wise on 
leaving Pennsylvania lived for several 
years in Ohio and later in Indiana in 
Starke County and finally in Marshall 
County, where he died. Mr. and Mrs. 
Van Kirk have two children, James and 
ilinnie. James married Agnes ^Murray. 
They have one son, Royal Van Kirk, who 
during the war was a sergeant in the 
American Army stationed at Camp 
Beauregard, Louisiana. Minnie Van Kirk 
was first married to Charles Wright, and 
had two sons, Charles and Howard 
Wright. Charles Wright married and his 
three children are Evelyn May, Helen and 
Orland (decea.sed). Minnie Van Kirk's .sec- 
ond husband was Fred Shoaf. 

Mr. Van Kirk is affiliated with LaPorte 




^aO-.^^^^<^^^ 



INDIxVNA AND INDIANANS 



1371 



Lodge No. 36, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Encampment No. 23 and Can- 
ton No. 12 of that order. He and his wife 
are both members of Rose Rebekah Lodge 
No. 40;"). Mrs. Van Kirk is a member of 
the :Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Hon. Norman P. Wolfe, a former mem- 
ber of the Legislature, has been a success- 
ful lawyer in the City of LaPorte for over 
twenty years, and has also been prominent 
in the democratic party in that section of 
the state. 

Mr. Wolfe had a log cabin as his birth- 
place, where he was born December 16, 
1875. This log cabin stood in LaGrauge 
County, close to the line of Noble County. 
His grandfather, George Wolfe, was a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania and of early English 
ancestry. From Pennsylvania he went to 
Ohio, to Shelby County, where he was a 
farmer, and lived there until his death. 
He married a woman of German ances- 
try. Frederick Wolfe, father of the La- 
Porte lawyer, was born near Reading, 
Pennsylvania, about 1844. He grew up 
on a farm and in 1861, at the age of seven- 
teen, enlisted in Company I of the Ninety- 
Ninth Ohio Infantry. He was with that 
regiment in its various battles and cam- 
paigns until the close of the war, and re- 
ceived an honorable discharge. A few 
.years after the war he came from Ohio to 
Indiana and located in LaGrange County. 
He began as a renter, and continued 
farming in that locality until his death, 
December 23, 1875. He" married Sarah E. 
Emmitt. She was born near Washington, 
Illinois, a daughter of George and Sarah 
(Lee) Emmitt. They both came from 
Hampshire County, Virginia, and Sarah 
Lee was a cousin of Gen. Robert E. 
Lee. From Virginia the Emmitt family 
moved to Illinois, but spent their last years 
near Ligonier, Indiana. ^Irs. Fi'cderick 
Wolfe married, for her second husband, 
William Galbreath, and in 1882 they 
moved to LaPorte County, where she and 
her husband spent their last years. They 
had a son, Harry Galbreath. 

Norman F. Wolfe was one of his father's 
three children. He attended the common 
schools of La Porte County, was a student 
in high school at LaPorte and had a busi- 
ness college training. In 1894 he took up 
the study of law in the office of John II. 
Bradley, and continued his studies until 



admitted to the bar in 1897. He practiced 
in association with Mr. Bradley until the 
latter 's death in 1900, and has since com- 
manded a large individual practice. He 
was city attorney of LaPorte from 1906 
to 1910, and in 1912 was elected on the 
democratic ticket to represent the county 
in the State Legislature. He has also 
served as a member of the County Execu- 
tive Committee and Central Committee. 
He cast his first presidential vote for Wil- 
liam J. Bryan in 1896. Mr. Wolfe is affili- 
ated with Excelsior Lodge of Masons at 
Laporte, with the Royal Arch Chapter, the 
Council and also the LaPorte Lodge of 
Odd Fellows. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
In 1907 Mr. Wolfe married Miss Jlinnie 
Bosserman, a native of LaPorte County 
and a daughter of S. S. and ilargaret 
Bosserman. Mrs. Wolfe is now a member 
of the LaPorte City School Board. 

Robert F. ]\Iillf.r. Considering the re- 
sponsibilities involved one of the most im- 
portant public offices in the state is that 
of sheriff of IMarion County, and a man 
was elected to that office on November 5, 
1917, who had all the qualifications to 
measure up to the responsibilities of his 
job. Robert F. Miller, better known in 
Indianapolis and among a host of associ- 
ates outside of the city as "Bob" Miller, 
was never before a candidate for public 
office. However, he ha.s been doing some 
quiet and effective work and has been one 
of the influential leaders in the republican 
party of the county and state, and people 
generally have accepted his election as a 
most encouraging sign of a new spirit ac- 
tuating government affairs when he took 
the office of sheriff January 1, 1918. 

Mr. Miller was born at Greenca.stle, Put- 
nam County, Indiana, September 16, 1868, 
son of Robert and Sarah E. (Bratton) 
Miller. His father had a long and very 
interesting career that brought him into 
touch with events and affairs outside the 
range of an ordinary man's life. Robert 
Miller, Sr., who died in 1902. was born in 
Montgomery County, Indiana, and moved 
to Greenca'stle in "the '50s. For several 
vears he was connected with the Van Am- 
burg Circus, one of the famous organiza- 
tions of its kind of early years, as many 
of the old timers will remember. With this 
circu.s he was in the East when the Civil 



1372 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



war broke out. At Philadelphia in 1861 
he volunteered iu the Seventy-second 
Zouaves, a Pennsylvania organization, and 
was soon in active service iu the South. 
After eleven months and ten days he was 
captured, and was sent to Andersonville 
prison, where he was confined until near 
the close of the war. Stories of that stock- 
ade have been told for half a century, and 
there were practically none of the hor- 
rors of the prison which Robert Miller did 
not experience. After the war he returned 
to Putnam County and in 1888 moved with 
his family to Indianapolis. He was the 
father of thirteen children, eleven sons and 
two daughters. The younge.st of the sons 
is now a captain in the United States arrav, 
Capt. Han-y B. Miller. Captain Miller was 
bom in Greencastle, was educated in the 
Manual Training School in Indianapolis, 
and in 1911 enlisted as a private in the 
regular United States army. He was at 
first attached to the Twenty-third Regi- 
ment under Colonel Glenn in Texas. In 
1914 he was a.ssigned to duty at the Pan- 
ama Canal, and has remained in service 
there to the present time. By meritoriou.s 
work and application he has risen through 
the various grades nf non-commissioned 
and commissioned officer to captain. 

Robert P. Miller attended school at 
Greencastle, and early in life started out 
to make his own way in the world without 
special influence or capital. For twenty- 
seven years, until the latter part of 1918, 
he was connected with the Indianapolis 
Gas Company. During the la.st few years 
he served as superintendent of the Majestic 
Building owned by the gas company. 

While he was thus immersed in his du- 
ties as a quiet and effective business man 
Mr. Miller was gaining increased prestige 
and influence as a leader in the republi- 
can party in Indianapolis and Marion 
County. Through his own personal popu- 
larity and leadership he has been the means 
of putting many prominent men in office. 
The success of his eft'orts in politics is due 
to the fact that he has always been a stick- 
ler for clean politics, for absolute honesty 
in his dealings with the public, so that his 
word is recognized as good as his bond. He 
can always be depended upon to do exact- 
ly as he promises to do. Moreover Bob 
Miller is a man of genial nature, has the 
gift of making friends among high and 
low, rich and poor, and it is therefore not 



difficult to understand the power he now 
exercises in Indiana politics. He has been 
through some of the hardest fought bat- 
tles of recent campaigns. 

His record in connection with office 
seeking, however, is as brief as it is suc- 
cessful. Not until 1917 did he become 
a candidate. He then received the repub- 
lican nomination for sheriff and in the 
election was chosen over his opponent by 
an overwhelming majority, being one of 
the leaders on the ticket. Particularly in 
the south section of Indianapolis, where 
his home is, he ran far ahead of his ticket. 

Mr. Miller is affiliated with Lodge No. 
465 of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and with Star Lodge No. 7, Knights 
of Pythias. He married Miss Ida M. Kof- 
fel, a native of Ohio. 

David Demaree Banta, lawyer, was 
born May 23, 1833, iu the western part of 
Johnson County, Indiana, in what is 
known as "the Shiloh neighborhood." It 
is so called because a number of the early 
settlers, who were zealous Presbyterians, 
built a church there and named it Shiloh. 
On his father's side he was descended from 
a Frisian family that emigrated from Hol- 
land in 1659, and settled at Harlem, New 
York. On his mother's side he was de- 
scended from a French Huguenot fam- 
ily, which fled from Picardy into Holland 
during the French persecutions, and emi- 
grated to America in 1674, settling near 
Hackensaek, New Jersey. Their original 
name was Des Marests, which is now made 
Demarest by one branch of the family in 
America, and Demaree by the other. 
Shortly before the Revolutionary War, a 
number of New York and New Jersey 
Dutch and French families started west 
to establish a colony in the wilderness of 
Kentucky, but stopped in the vicinity of 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, until the close 
of the war, when they resumed their jour- 
ney, reaching Harrod's Station in the win- 
ter of 1779-80, and establishing their col- 
ony near that place. Jacob Banta, the 
grandson of one of these colonists, and 
Sarah (Demaree) Banta, his wife, grand- 
daughter of another, the parents of Judge 
Banta, moved from Henry County, Ken- 
tucky, to Johnson County, Indiana, in the 
fall of 1832, and began life in that wilder- 
ness. The father died a few years later, 
but his widow, who was joined by her 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1373 



mother and a maiden sister, remained on 
the farm, and here David grew to man- 
hood. The settlers established a school as 
well as a church, and young Banta was one 
of its first and most constant attendants 
until he reached the age of seventeen. He 
was also an eager reader of all the books 
he could find, but these were not numerous. 
He taught school for a few terms, and then, 
having an impulse to see something of the 
world, he went with a young friend to the 
new state of Iowa, where he spent several 
months, cutting wood, working in a saw- 
mill, and tramping through the country. 
In the fall of 1852, he entered a 
law office in the Town of Fairfield, and 
began reading Blackstone. He sa.ys : ' ' The 
time spent in this office was not wholly 
wasted. It fixed me in my determination 
to make the study of law a serious business, 
and it opened m.y eyes to the fact that I 
needed further preparation for it." 

Early in the spring of the following 
year he returned to Indiana and became a 
student at Franklin College, where he re- 
mained until fall, of the same year, when 
he went to Bloomington and entered the 
State University. Here he completed the 
coui-se in letters, and entered the law 
school, which was then presided over by 
Judge James Hughes. He took his de- 
gree in law in the spring of 1857 ; and 
graduated from the single life a year 
earlier, marrying a widow, Mrs. M. E. Per- 
rin, the daughter of James Riddle, of Cov- 
ington, Kentucky. In the fall of 1857 he 
began the practice at Franklin, or at least 
opened an office, for getting practice .iust 
before, and in the earlier years of the Civil 
war, was a rather .slow process in Indiana. 
Fortunately the law did not then forbid 
an attorney to engage in other occupa- 
tions. He obtained a position as deputy in 
the office of the county recorder, and served 
in that capacity for two years. He served 
a term as district attorney of the Common 
Pleas Court, an office which was not very 
remunerative, but afforded a large amount 
of experience. He served for two years 
as a division asses.sor of the United States 
Internal Revenue Department, which was 
more profitable. In connection with his 
service in these capacities he was also for 
a time county school examiner, and tru.stee 
of the city schools. These occupations left 
him an abundance of time for reading, of 
which he availed himself to the fullest ex- 



tent. But, more than all, he devoted him- 
self to the collection and record of local 
history. He had seen the region develop 
from an unbroken forest to a region of 
civilization, with well-cultivated farms, 
good roads, and the conveniences of life. 
It was a matter of intense interest to him, 
and he had the faculty of putting it in in- 
teresting form for others. He interviewed 
old settlers and took down the stories of 
their experiences. He formed the habit of 
writing of these things for the newspapers ; 
and in later years he wrote a "HLstory of 
Johnson Count.y, " which presents the best 
pictures of the manners and customs of 
the early settlers of Indiana that is ac- 
cessible. In the course of all this he was 
making friends, and that is the making 
of the young lawyer. 

As the war progressed his business in- 
creased rapidly, and he was notably suc- 
cessful in getting verdicts. He used, in ex- 
planation of this, to tell of a member of 
the regnlar panel of jurors, who met him 
one day on the courthouse steps, and, 
after glancing around to see that no one 
was in heai'ing, confidentially said : ' ' Stand 
up to them old lawyers Davy; stand up to 
"em. The jury is standing up to you." 
His life was now that of the prosperous 
lawyer until 1870, when he was nominated 
on the democratic ticket for judge of the 
Twenty-Eighth Judicial Circuit, then com- 
posed of Johnson, Shelby, Bartholomew 
and Brown counties, and was elected with- 
out opposition. He held this position un- 
til 1876, but his service was interrupted 
in 1871 by a virulent attack of fever which 
brought him almost to death's door, and 
left him with a shattered nervous sys- 
tem. Under the advice of physicians he 
went to the pine woods of ilichigan, and 
camped for several weeks, which restored 
his health. It also opened a new world to 
him, and he returned to it thereafter for 
his yearly outing, both for the benefit of 
his health and for the joy of the touch with 
nature. On retiring from the bench. 
Judge Banta formed a partnership with 
Thomas W. Woollen, later attorney gen- 
eral of the state, which continued for thir- 
teen years, and was prosperous financially. 
In 1877 Judge Banta was appointed a 
member of the board of trustees of the 
State University, and held this position for 
eleven years, in seven of which he was pres- 
ident of the board. The law school of the 



1374 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



university had been discontinued in 1877, 
and years passed before it seemed advis- 
able to revive it. In 1889 the attempt was 
made, and Judge Banta was made pro- 
fessor of law and dean of the law school. 
No better man could have been found, for 
he had a talent for teaching, and enjoyed 
it more than the practice. Under his care 
the department grew steadily in strength 
and repute, and he remained at its head 
until his death, on April 9, 1896. The de- 
gree of LL. D. which was held by Judge 
Banta, was conferred by Franklin Col- 
lege, in 1888. 

Capt. Abr.mi Piatt Andrew, the vet- 
eran LaPorte banker, is a member of that 
family than whom none has been more 
prominently and closely identified with 
the history of Northern Indiana and par- 
ticularly of LaPorte County in the City 
of LaPorte from the earliest pioneer days 
to the present. Two of the men most con- 
spicuous in founding the City of LaPorte 
were Capt. A. P. Andrew and James An- 
drew. The family has ever since been 
numerously represented there, and some 
of the members have become prominent 
in other cities and states. 

Tha ancestry of the LaPorte banker be- 
gins with James Andrew, probably a na- 
tive of Scotland, who for a niimber of 
years lived on the north branch of the 
Raritan River in New Jersey. In 1744 he 
married Catherine Livingston, a member 
of the well-known family of that name 
in New Jersey and New York. 

Among their children was Dr. John 
Andrew, who was born at Trenton, New 
Jensey, received a classical education, and 
practiced medicine for many years. Dur- 
ing the Revolutionary war' he served as 
assistant surgeon in the army under 
Washington, and was with that gi-eat 
leader at Valley Forge and continued in 
service until he witnessed the surrender 
of Cornwallis at Yorktown. After the 
war he returned home to New Jersey. He 
had married, for his first wife, Rachel 
Chamberlain, daughter of Lewis Chamber- 
lain of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. While 
her husband was in the army this wife 
died and the children had become scat- 
tered. Doctor Andrew then removed to 
Penn Valley in Center County, Pennsyl- 
vania, where for many years he practiced 
medicine. He was a man about six feet 



tall and of very commanding presence 
and addres.s. For his second wife he mar- 
ried Elizabeth McConnell, daughter of 
John and Sarah McConnell. 

James Andrew, grandfather of Abram 
Piatt Andrew, the LaPorte banker, was a 
son of Dr. John Andrew and his first wife. 
James was born in New Jersey, ilay 21, 
1774. In 1795 he married Catherine 
Piatt, daughter of Captain Abram and 
Annabelle (Andrew) Piatt. Capt. Abram 
Piatt's father, John Piatt, lived in Somer- 
set County, New Jersey, and was sheriff 
of the county in 1732, holding that office 
by a commission from the English Crown. 
His five sons, John, Abram, William, 
Daniel and Jacob, wei-e all soldiers in the 
Colonial Army in the fight for inde- 
pendence, three of them being captains 
and one a major. Capt. Abram Piatt made 
his home in Center County, Pennsylvania, 
and died there November 13, 1791, leav- 
ing ten children. 

Soon after his marriage James Andrew, 
with his brother-in-law, moved to the 
Northwest Territory to seek a home. They 
went down the Ohio to Fort Washington, 
at the present site of Cincinnati. James 
Andrew selected a tract of timber land a 
few miles north in what is now Hamilton 
County, and at once undertook to clear a 
space and erect a log cabin for the shel- 
ter of his family. The next spring Mrs. 
Piatt and her youngest son and Mrs. An- 
drew made the journey down the Ohio in 
a flatboat, ^Ir. Andrew being at the land- 
ing at Fort Washington to receive them. 
Lender his guidance they arrived at the 
pioneer log cabin home. James Andrew 
subsequently devoted his time to further 
clearing the land and establishing himself 
as a pioneer agriculturist. Late in life 
he removed to LaPorte, where he spent 
his final years. He and his wife had seven 
children: John, who died in early man- 
hood; James, Abraham, Jacob, Rachel, 
Lewis, and William. 

Abraham Piatt Andrew, Jr., father of 
Capt. A. P. Andrew, and called junior to 
distinguish him from his father's half- 
brother, spent his early youth on the home 
farm in Southern Ohio and made the best 
of his opportunities to secure an educa- 
tion. When a youth he went to Cincinnati, 
clerking in his maternal uncle 's bank. Go- 
ing to Brookville, Indiana, at the age of 
sixteen he was employed as assistant cash- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1375 



ier ill the branch of the Indiana State 
Bank there. Later the state required the 
services of a surveyor to survey some 
wild lands. He had no knowledge of sur- 
veying, but being attracted by the op- 
portunity he secured some books and after 
nine days of application took the examina- 
tion and was appointed to the responsi- 
bility. Later he took charge of the steamer 
Tecumseh, plying between Cincinnati and 
New Orleans, and was commander of that 
steamboat five years. His title of captain 
was derived from this service. 

In 1829 Captain Andrew with his brother 
James engaged in the mercantile business 
at Hartford, Indiana. On the first of 
April, 1830, the brothers took a contract to 
build fifteen miles of the Michigan road. 
This was a famous highway in the early 
history of Indiana, being planned to ex- 
tend from iladison on the Ohio to Lake 
Michigan, and passing through what is 
now LaPorte County to Michigan City. 
The road was planned a hundred feet in 
width, the trees to be cleared for that width 
and the stumps taken out and the surface 
smoothed and graded thirty feet wide. 
Nearly two years later when the brothers 
had completed their contract they went 
to Indianapolis to secure their pay, and 
learned the state was without funds and 
they must accept land script. Taking this 
script, and with a half breed Indian, Joe 
Truckee, as a guide, they started on horse- 
back for Northern Indiana. After three 
weeks of prospecting the brothers selected 
a tract of four square miles, part of which 
is included in the Citj' of LaPorte. The 
Andrew brothers also bought several other 
land claims in that vicinity, and got their 
purchases approved in the land office at 
Logansport. 

In April, 1832, Abraham Piatt Andrew, 
Jr., returned to this land and began im- 
provements. In May of the same year 
his wife and niece .ioined him. and "they 
had as their habitation a log cabin in an 
oak grove in that part of LaPorte known 
as Camp Colfax. Three weeks later a 
messenger arrived from Fort Dearborn, 
Chicago, having covered the intervening 
distance in five hours, to warn the settlers 
that Blackhawk and his Indian followers 
were on the war path in Illinois. It was 
feared that the Pottawatomies of North- 
ern Indiaiia would .ioin in this uprising, 
and consequently there was much fear 



among all the scattered settlements. Cap- 
tain Andrew, Jr., sent his wife east to Cin- 
cinnati at once, accompanied by Daniel 
Andrew, and the following day twenty- 
nine pioneers gathered and under the 
leadership of Captain Andrew and Peter 
LaBlanc undertook the building of a block- 
house and stockade. The Indian scare soon 
blew over and Captain Andrew, Jr., went 
to Cincinnati and brought back his wife. 

Thenceforward he was one of the con- 
spicuous citizens of LaPorte County. In 
1836 he was a Harrison elector for his 
district. When in 1839 the thirteenth 
branch of the Indiana State Bank wa-s 
organized at Michigan City he was elected 
one of its directors, and in the same year 
became cashier. He finally removed his 
residence to Michigan City and gave all 
his time to the affairs of the bank. In 
1847 he retui-ned to LaPorte. He had built 
some of the first county offices at LaPorte. 
He was also editor of the LaPorte Whig, 
which supported the election of Harrison 
in 1840. He and his brother William were 
also California gold hunters following the 
days of "49. He dealt extensively in land, 
and in 1869 became a banker at LaPorte 
under the firm name of A. P. Andrew, Jr., 
and Son. He died at LaPorte in 1887. 
He and his wife had five children : Marion 
and James, who died in Michigan City, 
Indiana; Viola, who married Warren Coch- 
ran and lived at S.yracuse, New York; 
Abram Piatt; and Caradora, who married 
Dr. S. B. Collins. 

Capt. Abram Piatt Andrew was born 
while his father lived at Michigan City. He 
attended private schools and also public 
schools and was a student at Wabash Col- 
lege. He left that old Indiana institution 
in 1862 to enlist in the Twenty-First In- 
diana Battery. A month after" his enlist- 
ment he was commissioned a second lieu- 
tenant, later was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant and finally to captain. He was with 
liis battery in all of its service until the 
close of the war. 

In 1865 he returned home and in 1866 
went south to Louisiana and spent one 
year as a cotton planter. In 1869 he was 
associated with his father in the establish- 
ment of A. P. Andrew, Jr.. and Son, Bank- 
ers, and of that institution he has been 
manager now for half a century. 

April 16, 1872, Captain Andrew mar- 
ried ]\Iiss Helen Merrell. She was born 



1376 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



in Geauga County, Ohio, a daughter of 
Nathan and Maria (Reynolds) Merrell. 
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew reared two chil- 
dren. Tlie daugliter, Helen, became the 
wife of Hon. Isaac Patch, of Gloucester, 
Ma.ssaehusetts. Her three children are, 
Helen, Paula and Isaac, Jr. Captain An- 
drew is a member of Patten Camp, Grand 
Army of the Republic, a member of the 
Loyal Legion, and attends worship in the 
Presbyterian Church, of which his wife is 
a devout member. 

The only son of Captain Andrew is A. 
Piatt Andrew, Jr., who for a number of 
years has been one of the distinguished 
financial authorities of America, and is now 
a lieutenant-colonel with the United 
states Army. His career deserves particu- 
lar notice. He was born at LaPorte, 
February 12, 1873. He graduated A. B. 
from Princeton University in 1893, and 
during 1897-99 was abroad as a student 
in the universities of Halle, Berlin and 
Paris. He received his Master of Arts 
and Doctor of Philosophy degrees from 
Harvard in 1900. From 1900 to 1909 
he was instructor and assistant professor 
of economics in Harvard University. Dur- 
ing 1908-11 he was expert assistant and edi- 
tor of publications of the National Mone- 
tary Commission. In August, 1909, Pres- 
ident Taft appointed him director of the 
United States Mint, an office he held from 
November until June, 1910. During 1910- 
12 he was assistant secretary of the trea- 
sury, in charge of the fiscal bureau. 

For years he has been a recognized au- 
thority and writer on money, banking and 
other financial subjects. In 1906 he was 
elected Officier d 'Academic at Paris. 
Among his better known articles published 
in magazines and as special studies were 
"The Treasury and the Banks imder Sec- 
retary Shaw" and "The United States 
Treasury and the Money ^Market," these 
being critical examinations of Mr. Shaw's 
method of relieving financial tension by 
the use of Government funds, both of which 
were published in 1907, at the time Mr. 
Shaw retired from the office of secretary of 
the treasury. He published several studies 
of the currency question in Oriental 
countries, including "Currency Problems 
of the Last Decade in British India," 
which appeared in the Quarterly Journal 
of the Economics in August, 1901 ; and 
"The End of the Mexican Dollar," in 



the same periodical in May, 1904. His 
several articles on the sub.iect of Financial 
Crises include "The Influence of the Crops 
upon Business," published in 1906: 
"Hoarding in the Panic of 1907," pub- 
lished in 1908; "Substitutes for Cash in 
the Crisis of 1907," published in 1908. 
He is the author of many addresses 
upon the need of plans for cur- 
rency legislation, among whicli, may be 
mentioned an address upon "What Amer- 
ica can Learn from European Banking," 
delivered before the American Academy 
of Political and Social Science in De- 
cember, 1910; an address upon the "Re- 
lation of Banking Reform to the Treasury," 
delivered before the American Bankers' 
Association in 1911; and "The Crux of 
the Currency Question" delivered at Yale 
University in ]\Iay, 1913. Several of his 
articles concern monetary theory, notably 
"The Influence of Credit on the Value 
of Money," published in the proceedings 
of the American Economic Association in 
1904. 

From 1910 to 1912 Mr. Andrew was 
treasurer of the American Red Cross, and 
in the latter year was a delegate to the 
International Conference of the Red Cross. 
For a number of years his home has been 
in Massachusetts. Since December, 1914, 
he held the office of inspector general of 
the American Field Service witli the army 
in France. With the entrance of the 
United States into the war against Ger- 
many in 1917 he was appointed to organ- 
ize the American Volunteer Ambulance and 
Transport Field Service, and in September 
of that year was commissioned a major 
in the United States Army. He was award- 
ed a Croix de Guerre and named Chevalier 
de la Legion d'Honneur by the French 
Government in 1917. Lieutenant Colonel 
Andrew is a member of the Harvard clubs 
of New York and Boston, and the Metro- 
politan and Chevy Chase clubs of Wash- 
ington. 

John Line is present county treasurer 
of LaPorte County. For many years he 
has been in business at the City of La- 
Porte as a wholesale fruit dealer, and his 
election as county treasurer was but one 
of the many tributes paid him as a citizen 
and business man. 

He was born at LaPorte, a son of John 
and Cevilla (Linard) Line. His father 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1377 



was born at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
and his mother was a native of Virginia. 
John Line acquired his education in the 
public schools of LaPorte and began his 
business career as clerk in a fruit store. 
After two years, having mastered the busi- 
ness in every detail, he entered the whole- 
sale fruit business on his own account, 
and conducted it with an unusual amount 
of success. He has always been an active 
republican and was chosen county treas- 
urer in 1918. 

In 1908 he married iliss Nettie Stroble, 
also a native of LaPorte and a daughter of 
Michael Stroble. They have two children : 
Marjorie and Bernice. Mr. Line is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
his wife is a Lutheran. 

Carl F. Petering, a LaPorte business 
man, has spent all his life in that city and 
has been identified with several of its im- 
portant activities. 

His father Frederick Petering, was born 
in Hanover, Germany, and was the only 
member of his famil.y to come to America. 
After getting his education in Germany 
and leai-ning the trade of cabinet maker 
he set out for the new world in 1868. 
Soon afterwards he located in LaPorte, 
and almost from the first was employed 
by the sash and door factory now operated 
as the LaPorte Sash and Door Company. 
He has been a resident of LaPorte half a 
century. He married Frederica ilutert, 
also a native of Germany and likewise 
the only member of her father's family to 
come to America. She died at the age 
of .seventy-three years. Their six children 
were Lena, Louise, Fred, Carl F., George 
and Ella. 

Carl F. Petering wa.s born at LaPorte 
and attended the parochial schools to the 
age of fourteen. He then sought employ- 
ment which would enable him to support 
himself and also contribute to the wel- 
fare of the family. For a year and a half 
he did some of the hardest manual labor. 
He then went with tlie LaPorte Journal 
and learned the printing trade. However, 
that did not furnish enough activity for 
a young man of his enterprise, and after a 
year and a lialf he secured work as a 
driver of a grocery wagon. That kept him 
busy for four years and in the meantime 
he had managed to accumulate from his 



earnings about $280. He used this 
modest capital to set up in business for 
himself as a grocery merchant at 1212 
Lincoln Way. He soon built up a profit- 
able trade, and continued until three 
years later his store was burned and prac- 
tically all his investment swept away. He 
had good credit, however, and soon start- 
ed again. After three years he sold out 
and engaged in the livery business. Six 
years later he added an undertaking de- 
partment, and continued both for four 
years. In August, 1915, Mr. Petering 
bouglit a lot on Lincoln Way and there 
erected the Palace Garage, 82 by 115 feet, 
one of the most modern equipped establish- 
ments of its kind in Northern Indiana. 
In May, 1903, he married Miss Louise 
A. Dettman. She was born at LaPorte, 
daughter of John and Mary (Gransow) 
Dettman. Mr. and Mrs. Petering have 
three children, Ruth, Donald and Lawrence. 
]\lr. Petering is independent in politics, 
and he and his wife are members of the 
St. John's Evangelical Church. 

John W. LeRoy is a miller of long and 
active experience, and for many years has 
been identified with the J. Street Milling 
Company at LaPorte. He is treasurer 
and manager of the company. 

Mr. LeRoy is a native of the City of 
Rochester, New York. His father, Wil- 
liam LeRoy, was born in Montreal, Canada, 
of French ancestry. When a young man 
he moved to the United States and located 
at Rochester, where for many years he 
was a tru.sted employe of the New York 
Central Railway. He lived at Rochester 
until his death. His wife, whose maiden 
luime was Ann Peek, is still living in 
Rochester. Her fatlier, Richard Peck, was 
a farmer near Swanton, Pennsylvania. 

John W. LeRoy, only child of his par- 
ents, was educated in the public schools of 
Rochester. As a youth he began learning 
the trade of miller and served a complete 
apprenticeship which gave him a mastery 
of all the technical processes as well as 
the general business details of milling. Mr. 
LeRoy came to LaPorte in 1889, and for 
thirty years has been identified with the 
J. Street Milling Company, at first as an 
employe and now as the chief owner and 
treasurer and manager. This is one of the 
leading mills for the manufacture of flour 



1378 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and other food stuffs in Northern Indiana, 
and possesses a complete modern equip- 
ment. 

Mr. LeRoy married Hehna Lindgren. 
She was born in LaPorte. Her father, 
Charles Lindgi-en, was a native of Sweden, 
where he learned the trade of cooper, and 
coming to America as a young man located 
at LaPorte and was in the cooperage busi- 
ness for a number of years. He spent his 
last years retired and died at the age of 
sixty-seven. He married Christina Lonn, 
also a native of Sweden and who is now 
living in LaPorte. There were four chil- 
dren in the Lindgi-en family. Helma, 
Charles W., Herman A. and Jolui 0. 

Mrs. LeRoy is a member of the Swedish 
Lutheran Church. Mr. LeRoy takes an 
active part in Masonry, being affiliated 
with Excelsior Lodge No. 41, Free and 
Accepted Masons, LaPorte Council No. 32, 
Roj-al and Select Masters, LaPorte Chap- 
ter No. 15, Royal Arch Masons, LaPorte 
Commandery No. 12, Knights Templar, 
and Murat temple of the :\Iystic Shrine at 
Indianapolis. 

James Moneoe Hannum, who was born 
in La Porte County seventy years ago, has 
been a contributing factor in that section 
of Indiana for many years, as a farmer, 
land owner and latterly as a successful 
business man and banker at the City of 
LaPorte. 

He was born at LaPorte in 1848. His 
grandfather, John Hannum, was accord- 
ing to the best information available, born 
in England, and on coming to America set- 
tled in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
where he bought a farm and spent the rest 
of his days. James Hannum, his son, was 
born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, was 
reared and educated in the East, and in 
1834 came West to join in the pioneer and 
frontier activities of Indiana. He made 
the journey by canal and lakes, and landed 
at Buffalo, Michigan, then probably the 
most important port on Lake ^Michigan. 
From there he traveled with wagon and 
team to the Town of LaPorte. He had 
learned the trade of cabinet maker and 
was one of the early mechanics in La- 
Porte city. He also worked as a carpenter 
and helped build some of the first private 
homes at LaPorte. Subsequently he bought 
land in Scipio Township and became a 
farmer. In 1849 he went West to Cali- 



fornia, making the journej' overland in a 
party that had forty-one wagons, most of 
them drawn by ox teams. They were 
ninety days in crossing the plains, which 
were covered by buffalo, and many hostile 
Indians beset the route. James Hannum 
was a gold miner and remained in Cali- 
fornia until 18.51. On coming back to 
the States he made the trip around Cape 
Horn, being ninety days from San Fran- 
cisco to New York. He invested his means 
in a farm in Scipio Township, but seven 
years later sold that place and bought a 
farm on the Kingsbury Road in Scipio 
Township, LaPorte County, where he lived 
until his death at the advanced age of 
eighty-four. James Hannum married 
Louisa Bartlett, who was born in Tucker- 
ton, New Jersey, daughter of Nathan Bart- 
lett, also a native of New Jersey and of 
English parentage. Nathan Bartlett was 
another pioneer in Northern Indiana, com- 
ing here in 1832, accompanied by his fami- 
ly. He also in the absence of other means 
of transportation traveled by canal and 
lakes and was several weeks en route. All 
of Northern Indiana was then practically 
a wilderness, and LaPorte and other sur- 
rounding counties had scarcely been organ- 
ized. Nathan Bartlett located along what 
has since been called the Kingsbury Road 
in Pleasant Township, buying a tract of 
partially improved land at twelve dollars 
an acre. He was a general farmer a few 
years and then removing to LaPorte en- 
gaged in the mercantile business at what 
is now Lincoln Way and Linwood Street. 
He carried a stock of general merchandise 
for many years and lived in LaPorte until 
his death. Nathan Bartlett married Han- 
nah Willitts. Mrs. James Hannum died 
at the age of seventy-four, being the mother 
of eight children: Hannah Sarah, James 
]\Ionroe, Alice, Nellie, Nathan Bartlett, 
ilary Louisa, Johnanna and Edmund B. 

James Monroe Hannum was six years 
of age when his parents removed to Scipio 
Township and he grew up on a farm there, 
having a training which brought out his 
habits of industry. He attended school 
and at the age of twentj--one commenced 
life with all his capital in his willingness 
and industry. He then took charge of his 
grandfather Bartlett 's farm and managed 
it seven years. Ill health compelled him 
to retire, but after two years he bought 
a farm on Kingsbury Road in Union Town- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1379 



ship and was successfully identified with 
its management until 1891. In that year 
ilr. Hannum removed to LaPorte and the 
next two j-ears were spent in settling up 
an estate. He then for eight years was in 
the farm implement business and since 
then has dealt on a large scale in real 
estate and has been a factor in business 
affairs generally. ]\Ir. Hannum is a trustee 
of the LaPorte Savings Bank, of the La- 
Porte Loan and Trust Company, is a di- 
rector in the LaPorte Improvement So- 
ciety, and the LaPorte Building and Loan 
Association. 

In 1877 he married Phebe A. Parker. 
She was born in New Jersey, a daughter 
of Willis and Phebe (Willits) Parker. 
Sirs. Hannum died February 20, 1914. 
In June, 1917, I\Ir. Hannum married Ada 
Mitchell. She was born in Albany, New 
York, daughter of AVilliam and Louisa M. 
(Taylor) ^Mitchell. She received most of 
her early education in Albany and was 
also a student in a private school and the 
Albany Female College. Mr. Haniuim was 
reared a Quaker, but now worships in the 
Presbyterian Church. 

William Fosdick has earned that en- 
viable professional position due to forty 
years of labor and experience, and bears 
his honors gracefully as one of the oldest 
and most widely known members of the 
dental profession in Indiana. His father 
wa.s a pioneer dentist, one of the first to 
follow dentistry as a separate profession. 

Doctor Fosdick has an ancestry traced 
in unbroken generations back to the Eng- 
land of Queen Elizabeth's time. The first 
American ancestor was Stephen Fosdick, 
who wa,s born in England in 1583. On 
coming to America he lived for a time at 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, but .soon re- 
moved to Nantucket, where he was one of 
the first settlers. He married Sarah With- 
erell. Their son, John Fosdick, was born 
in 1626. He married Elizabeth Norton. The 
third generation was represented by Jona- 
than Fosdick, who was born in Nantucket 
in 1669 and married Catherine Phillips, 
The head of the fourth generation was 
Jonathan Fosdick, born at Nantucket in 
1708. John Fosdick, of the fifth genera- 
tion, was born at Nantucket, June 2, 1732. 

Capt. William Fosdick, of the sixth gen- 
eration, great-grandfather of Doctor Fos- 
dick, was born on the Island of Nantucket, 



Massachusetts, July 25, 1760. He eerly 
went to sea at the age of twelve years and 
subsequently was impressed into the Eng- 
lish navy. He was taken aboard a man-of- 
war, but some time later when the vessel 
was along American shores he made his 
escape by swimming, and soon resumed his 
occupation as an American sailor. He 
finally became captain of a vessel named 
Industry and commanded it twenty yeai-s. 
Capt. William Fosdick married Mary 
Folger, daughter of Benjamin and Judith 
Folger, and a cousin of Benjamin Frank- 
lin. Several of their children removed to 
Campbell County, Virginia, one of them 
being George Washington Fosdick. 

George Washington Fosdick, of the 
seventh generation, was born May 18, 1788, 
and on removing to Virginia settled near 
L>nichburg. He married there Mary 
Strong, daughter of a planter and slave 
holder. George W. Fosdick was a New 
Englander who could not adapt himself 
to southern institutions, and in 1830 he 
emigrated west and settled near Niles in 
the Territory of ^Michigan. On reaching 
free soil he liberated the slaves which his 
wife had inherited. Later he moved to 
Liberty, Union County, Indiana, and in 
1836 became a pioneer in LaPorte County. 
He purchased land in Cool Springs Town- 
.ship, in the locality known as Hollenbeck 
Corners. Besides fai-ming he also followed 
his trade as a blacksmith there, having a 
.shop on his farm. About 1850 he retired 
and went to live in LaPorte, where his 
death occurred in 1867. His wife died in 
1874. 

Capt. John S. Fosdick. father of Doc- 
tor William, was born on a plantation near 
Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 
December 27, 1811. He was about twenty 
years of age when his parents moved west, 
and in the meantime he had acquired his 
education in the .schools of Virginia. He 
learned the trade of blacksmith under his 
father and being a natural mechanic was 
soon expert. He went to California in 
1848, following the Isthmus route and walk- 
ing aci'o.ss the Isthmus. He landed at 
San Francisco without a cent. A mill was 
in process of construction and a machinist 
was wanted for certain parts of the iron 
work. He secured the job, but having no 
tools had to make some. After that was 
finished he went to the mines, but had 
practically no success as a gold miner. 



1380 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Not long afterward he returned to LaPorte 
and took up the practice of dentistin'. 
He had attended a college of medicine but 
did not become a doctor, preferring den- 
tistry as a new art only then acquiring 
the standing of a profession. Captain Fos- 
dick became known in dental circles all 
through the United States. 

In 1861, though fifty years of age, he 
raised a company for service in the Union 
army. It was known as Company G of 
the Twenty-ninth Indiana Infantry, and he 
was commissioned captain by Governor 
Morton. He went south and commanded 
this company for eleven months, then re- 
signing and returning home to resume his 
practice. Captain Fosdick invented a 
rapid fire gim that would fire a hundred 
shots in six seconds. However, it was not 
a self-loader. He intended to make im- 
provements, but before he completed them 
the gatling gun was patented and thus he 
never earned fame to which his invention 
was entitled. He remained in active prac- 
tice at LaPorte until his death in Febru- 
ary, 1882, at the age of seventy-one. 

In 1834 Captain Fosdick married Miss 
Rosetta S. Bailey, a native of Litchfield 
County, Connecticut, who died in 1841. 
She was the mother of four children. For 
his second wife Captain Fosdick married 
Miss Emily S. Smith of New York State. 
She died March 28, 1894. Her father was 
Capt. John Smith and her maternal grand- 
father was Capt. Joshua Buel. Captain 
Fosdick by his second wife had five chil- 
dren, William, Samuel J., John S., Gil- 
bert (deceased) and Albert K. Captain 
Fosdick was affiliated with the Quaker 
church and in politics was a republican. 

Dr. William Fosdick was born at La- 
Porte June 6, 1849. He received a liberal 
education, attending a private school 
taught by Professor F. P. Cummings. He 
was in that school seven years and in the 
public school two years. He also learned 
the printer's trade and work at it three 
years, but in 1867 entered his father's 
office and for ten years studied and gained 
that experience which fitted him for the 
practice of dentistry. He was granted his 
license by the Indiana State Board in 
1879. In" the meantime, in 1877, Doctor 
Fosdick located at Michigan City and prac- 
ticed there for thirteen years. In 1890 he 
returned to LaPorte, and has been a leader 



of his profession in that city over a quar- 
ter of a century. 

October 29, 1872, Doctor Fosdick mar- 
ried Miss Louisa Vennette Brewer, who 
was born in New York State in 1854. She 
became the mother of three children, IMaude 
Vennette, Eleanor Genevieve and William 
Yale. In 1916 Doctor Fosdick married 
Julia Elizabeth Zeigler. 

Thomas B. Millikan. It is not so much 
his long standing as a banker and cashier 
of the Citizens State Bank of Newcastle 
that gives Mr. Millikan his unique distinc- 
tion in Henry County, but rather the ex- 
traordinary enterprise and public spirit 
which have brought him into movements 
and undertakings not directly in the line 
of his private bu.siness, or even indirectly 
a source of profit or advantage to him per- 
sonally. In fact he has been well satis- 
fied to see his efforts count chiefly and his 
measure of usefulness estimated by what 
he has been able to do to promote the gen- 
eral growth and prosperity of the city. 
His fellow jcitizens give him the larger 
share of personal credit for bringing some 
of the most monumental industries to New- 
castle. 

Mr. Millikan was a member of the com- 
mittee which went east and after prolonged 
conferences with President Brisco conclud- 
ed the negotiations whereby the Maxwell 
Automobile Company established its plant 
at Newcastle. Another business which Mr. 
Mill'ikan was instrumental in getting for 
Newcastle is the Chard Lathe Company. 
When the Hoosier Kitchen Cabinet Com- 
pany moved its plant from Albany, Indi- 
ana, to Newcastle there arose a serious 
hitch in the plans whereby the company 
was to buy out an old plant at Newcastle. 
The important difference between the nego- 
tiating parties was a matter of consider- 
able money asked by the old owner of the 
new company. As the easiest means out 
of the difficulty Mr. Millikan went out and 
in a few hours raised the sum from local 
business men. Newcastle also owes Mr. 
i\Iillikan much credit for the fact that the 
Krell-French Piano Company established 
its large and prosperous plant at New- 
castle. 

Thomas B. Millikan, the fourth son of 
John R. and Martha (Koons) Millikan, 
was born on his father's farm in Liberty 




k\/Xc^„^^ ^^^^^^jiUf^r'/O-^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1381 



Township, Henrj- County, Indiana, IMarch 
28, 1854. He obtained his early education 
in district school, and afterwards attended 
the public schools of Newca-stle while they 
were under the efficient direction of Profes- 
sor George W. Hufford. He also attended 
the Holbrook Normal School at Lebanon, 
Ohio. 

His second days ended in 1874, and in 
September of the same year he entered the 
service of the Citizens State Bank of New- 
castle as assistant cashier. At this writing 
he has the honor of being the oldest active 
l)anker in Henry County in point of con- 
tinuous service. 

In 1891, when James N. Huston of Con- 
nersville, Indiana, resigned the treasurer- 
ship of the United States and Enos H. Ne- 
beeker, of Covington, Indiana, was ap- 
pointed to succeed him, the latter selected 
Thomas B. Millikan as a representative 
with othei-s to count the cash in the United 
States Treasury. This selection was high- 
ly complimentary to Mr. Millikan, who 
accepted the trust and spent the time from 
March 20 to July 1. 1891. in Washington, 
ascertaining the balance in the treasury. 
During that period he handled funds or 
their equivalent amounting to over $614,- 
000.000. 

Prom 1894 to 1902, inclusive, Mr. Milli- 
kan served as state bank examiner of In- 
diana, the duties of this office, both onerous 
and responsible, involving a complete ex- 
amination into the condition of each of the 
numerous state banks. Mr. Millikan dis- 
charged the duties of his office with such 
signal ability that during his eight years' 
incumbency only one or two institutions 
of the state failed in business. 

It wa.s his long familiarity and experi- 
ence as a banker that gave him so much 
efficiency as a state bank examiner and en- 
abled him to render the sen-ice above noted 
as personal representative of Mr. Nebecker 
in the counting of the funds of the United 
States Treasurv. For all these other out- 
side responsibilities ^Ir. Millikan retained 
his position with the Citizens State Bank, 
and counts forty-five years of continuous 
service with that institution. It means a 
great deal to be thus identified for so 
many years with a sinsrle business, espe- 
ciallv when that business is a bank. The 
continued trust of the stockholders and de- 
positors and the esteem of the sreneral pub- 
lie have been uniformly extended to him 



during that long period of time, and his 
best yeai-s have been given freel.y to the 
growth 'and pro.sperity of the institution. 
Mr. Millikan as a banker has achieved what 
he considers his life's monument, since 
manv vears ago he boasted that he would 
make the Citizens State Bank a $2,000,000 
institution, and his efforts have been fully 
rewarded and his ambitions realized. The 
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago appoint- 
ed Mr. Jlillikan as director of sales for 
United States Treasury Anticipation Cer- 
tificates for Henry County. The certifi- 
cates are issued by the Government in an- 
ticipation of succeeding Liberty Loans. 
The banks throughout the county respond- 
ed liberally and have taken care of several 
hundred thousand dollars' worth of these 
certificates. 

Throughout his banking experience Mr. 
Millikan has always advi.sed against the so- 
called "investment" offered to so many 
citizens bj^ strangers, and has undoubtedly 
saved many people from loss by this con- 
servative advice. 

Ever since reaching his ma.iority Mr. Mil- 
likan has been a stanch republican, active 
in support of the party, its principles and 
policies. In the Republican State Conven- 
tion of 1902 he was a prominent candidate 
for the nomination for state treasurer. 
There were four candidates, and while he 
was unsuccessful he felt gi-atified to know 
that he stood next to the winner. He has 
been for twentv-nine years continuouslv a 
member of the Henry County Republican 
Central Committee. He was a delegate to 
the Republican National Convention in Chi- 
cac-o in 1916, and was one of the enthusi- 
astic members of the Ind'ana delegation 
supporting Charles W. Fairbanks for presi- 
dent. He firmly believes that had the 
choice of the republican pai'ty fallen upon 
that Indiana stRtesman the results of the 
election would have been completely dif- 
ferent. 

;Mr. Millikan attends the Christian 
Church, and is affiliated with Cresceus 
Lodge No. 33, Knights of Pythias, of which 
he served several years a.s trustee; of Iro- 
ouois Tribe No. 97, Improved Order of Red 
Men ; Newcastle Ijodge No. 484, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks ; and the Fra- 
ternal Order of Eagles. 

October 26. 1877, Mr. :Millikan married 
^fiss .Mice Peed, daughter of James C. and 
Martha Jane (Boyd) Peed. Thev were 



1382 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



married by Elder William J. Howe of the 
Christian Chiirch. To this happy union 
were born three children : John R., bom 
September 8, 1884, now assistant cashier of 
the Citizens State Bank of Newcastle; 
Louise, born April 5, 1892 ; Martha Janet, 
born March 10, 1897. The son, John, mar- 
ried June 26, 1907, Irene Wilson, daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. William R. Wilson. Louise 
was married August 23, 1913, to Claude 
Stanley, a sou of Frank Stanley of New- 
castle. Both the daughters are accom- 
plished young women, and after the death 
of their mother Mr. Millikan gave them 
redoubled care in supervising their educa- 
tion and providing for their welfare. Mr. 
Millikan lost his first wife July 25, 1902. 
She had joined the Flat Rock Christian 
Church in 1870 and was educated in the 
country schools of Liberty Township, 
Henrv' County, and in the Newcastle High 
School. During 1874-75 she taught in the 
Boj'd schoolhouse in Liberty Township. 
She was a woman of high character, very 
domestic in disposition, and throughout her 
married life was devoted to her home and 
family. In 1908 Mr. Millikan married Mrs. 
Maud (Bond) WoodruiT. She is a daugh- 
ter of Abner Bond of Greensfork, Wayne 
County, Indiana. 

Newton Booth, eleventh governor of 
California, (1872-4), and United States 
Senator from California (1875-81), was 
bom at Salem, Indiana, December 25, 1825. 
After attending the common schools, he 
entered Asbury University from which he 
graduated in 1846. He studied law at 
Terre Haute, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1850; but went to California in the 
same year. He located at Sacramento, and 
engaged in the wholesale grocery business 
until 1857, when he returned to Terre 
Haute, and resumed the practice of law. 
In 1860 he again retui'ued to California, 
and opened a law office; soon becoming 
interested in politics. In 1863 he was 
elected to the state senate, as a republican. 
In 1871 he joined with Eugene Casserlv 
in the fight against the railroads, and tjiey 
two became the leaders of the triumphant 
anti-monopolists. Casserly was elected 
United States senator, and Booth gov- 
ernor. In 1874, Casserly having resigned 
from the Senate on account of failing 
health, and his term having been filled ont 
by John S. Hager, Booth was elected to 



the vacant senatorship. His service both 
as governor and as senator was marked by 
intelligence, ability and integrity. He died 
at Sacramento July 14, 1892 Senator 
Booth's sister Elizabeth married Judge 
John S. Tarkington, and was the UKjthcr 
of Booth Tarkington. 

Ellsworth EljieiI Weir has been a 
prominent member of the LaPorte bar for 
over thirty years, formerly commanded a 
large general clientage, but in recent years 
has given all his time to service as coun- 
sel for one of the large manufacturing con- 
cerns in Northern Indiana. 

]\Ir. Weir was born in the City of La- 
Porte in 1861, and his family has fur- 
nished some of the oldest and best known 
names in the history of that county. His 
grandfather, John Weir, was reared and 
married in New York State, and in 1836 
started for the West. Putting his pos- 
sessions in a wagon, he drove to Buffalo. 
There he and his family embarked on a 
steamer. This boat was wrecked and the 
passengers landed on the shores of Ohio. 
Thence the Weir family chose to proceed 
by wagon and team, and continued until 
they arrived at Washtenaw County, Michi- 
gan. John Weir bought land eighteen 
miles soiTthwest of Ann Arbor and was a 
pioneer farmer there until his death in 
August, 1855. He married Anna Beck- 
with, a native of Elmira, New York. She 
survived her husband and spent her last 
years in LaPorte, where she died at the 
advanced age of eighty-three. She was the 
mother of ten children. 

One of these was the late Hon. Morgan 
H. Weir, who was long a practicing attor- 
ney at LaPorte and who it is said im- 
pressed his personality on the county to 
a remarkable degree. He was born at El- 
mira, New York, March 31, 1829. Much 
of his education came as a result of his in- 
dividual efforts. He attended school in 
Washtenaw County, Michigan, in the 
River Raisin Academy in Lenawee County, 
■Michigan, went back to Elmira, New York, 
to attend Barber's Academy, and in the 
intervals of teaching winter terms of school 
studied law in the office of Colonel Hatha- 
way at Elmira. He was admitted to the 
bar in September, 1852, and in November 
of the same year located in Michigan City, 
Indiana. He practiced there two years, 
after which he removed to LaPorte. and 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1383 



was one of the honored lawyers of that 
city until his death, July 6, 1902, at the 
age of seveuty-three. His activity as a 
lawyer covered a period of practically half 
a century. He was one of the original re- 
publicans of LaPorte County, and in 1854- 
was elected on that ticket to the office of 
prosecuting attorney. The LaPorte Cir- 
cuit then comprised ten counties. He held 
that office two years and in 1856 was 
elected a member of the State Senate and 
served four years. In 1877 the democratic 
pai-ty elected him mayor of LaPorte, and 
he was re-elected in 1879. At one time he 
was also a candidate for Congress. Frater-_ 
nally he was affiliated with the Benevolent 
and' Protective Order of Elks and the 
Knights of Pythias. A local historian has 
referred to him as "a man of great per- 
sonal force, an easy and fluent speaker, 
kind to the poor and possessing many esti- 
mable traits." 

July 12, 1854, at LaPorte, Morgan H. 
"Weir married Henrietta E. Teeple. She 
was born on the island which is now in- 
cluded in the City of LaPorte, April 3, 
1836, daughter of John and Hannah 
Teeple, who were among the pioneers of 
LaPorte County, settling there in 1834. 
John P. Teeple, her father, was born in 
Kentucky in 1805, and in early life re- 
moved to the southern part of Indiana. 
Later he came into Northern Indiana when 
it was a wilderness, and was the third or 
fourth permanent settler in what is now 
LaPorte County. He built a log cabin on 
a tract of land on the island above men- 
tioned. This log cabin also had an under- 
ground cellar which was constructed pri- 
marily with a view to hiding in case of 
Indian uprising. John Teeple at one time 
kept an inn three and a half miles ea.st of 
LaPorte, on what is now the James Ander- 
son homestead on the Lincoln Highway. 
Later he moved into the town and was 
Cjuite active in business, operating a gi'ist 
mill, and store, and remained a resident 
of LaPorte until his death, in 1906, at the 
advanced age of one hundred one years. 
Late in life he fell from a hoi;se, break- 
ing a leg, and was somewhat infirm physi- 
cally, though strong mentally to the end. 
He married Hannah "Weir, a native of Vir- 
ginia, whose parents were early settlers 
in Southern Indiana. Hannah Teeple 
died at the age of eighty-seven. ]\Irs. 
Morgan H. Weir died in 1912, aged sev- 



enty-six. She was the mother of two chil- 
dren: Ellsworth Elmer and Frederick 
Hamilton. 

Ellsworth Elmer Weir grew up in La- 
Porte, attended the public schools and re- 
ceived much of his early training under 
his father. He entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan, from 
which he was graduated LL. B., in 1882, 
and in June of the same year was admitted 
to the bar and began practice at La Porte. 
For a number of years Mr. Weir has been 
general counsel for the Great Western 
Manufacturing Company. 

October 22, 1884, "he married_ Miss 
Nellie K. Rogers. She was born in La- 
Porte County and also represents two of 
the pioneer families of that section. Her 
parents were Andrew J. and Louisa (Hall) 
Rogers. Her father was a son of Aquilla 
aud Nancy (Arnold) Rogers, and her 
mother was a daughter of Jacob R. Hall. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth have one daugh- 
ter, Harriet Louise. This daughter is now 
the wife of William j\I. Warren. By a 
former marriage she has a daughter, JMary 
Jane Burns. Mr. Weir is affiliated with 
LaPorte Lodge No. 396, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, and LaPorte 
Lodge No. 112, Knights of Pythias. 

William Niler. Originally the Niles 
family were Welsh. The first American 
ancestor of whom there is record was John 
Niles, who came to America in 1630 and 
settled at Dedham, Massachusetts. In a 
later generation was Samuel Niles, also 
a native of Massachusetts, great-gi-eat- 
grandfather of William Niles. Samuel 
Niles graduated from Harvard College, in 
1731, and gained distinction as a lawyer, 
serving as judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. 
He was also one of the twenty-eight coun- 
sellors who exercised the functions of local 
government before the Constitution of the 
LTnited States was framed. 

In the next generation was Nathaniel 
Niles, who graduated from Princeton Col- 
lege and located at West Fairlee, Ver- 
mont, where he was lawyer, preacher and 
farmer. He was a member of the Board 
of Trustees of Dartmouth College, and la- 
ter was a representative in the Continental 
Congress. His descendants have preserved 
an invitation which he received to dine 
with General Washington. 



1384 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



His son, 'William Niles, who was born 
at Fairlee, Orange County, Vermont, 
graduated fi'oni Dartmouth College and 
was an exception to most of the family 
in that he did not adopt a profession. He 
was a farmer and stock raiser at West 
Fairlee, Vermont. He married Relief Bar- 
ron. 

John B. Niles, father of William Niles, 
was one of the distinguished pioneers of 
the Northern Indiana bar and also one of 
the early settlers of the City of LaPorte. 
He was born at West Fairlee, Vermont, 
in September, 1808, and graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1830. After study- 
ing law and being admitted to the bar he 
came West on horseback in 1833. He 
afterward told that his purpose was to 
acquire a ten-acre lot in Chicago. On his 
way he stopped at LaPorte, and was so 
pleased with the country that his journey 
was never continued. He was one of the 
early lawyers of the city and became other- 
wise prominent in business and local af- 
fairs. In 1864 be helped organize the First 
National Bank of LaPorte, and he was a 
member of the Constitutional Convention 
of the state in 1850. In many other ways 
his name is associated with the early his- 
tory of that city. He died at LaPorte, 
July 6, 1879. 

John B. Niles married Mary Polke. She 
was born at the historic City of Vin- 
cennes, Indiana, June 13, 18li, and her 
ancestry and family histox'y are fully as 
noteworthy as that of the Niles family, 
the genealogy of the Polke family goes 
back to the middle ages of old England. 
There were a number of titled men named 
De Pollok, as the name was spelled for 
many generations. There is record of a 
Sir Robert De Pollok who joined the 
Scotch Covenanters in 1640. Robert 
Bruce Pollok, a son of Sir Robert, was 
born in County Donegal, Ireland, in 1630, 
and in 1672 he and his wife, Magdalene, 
came to America and settled in Somerset 
County, Maryland, where he assumed the 
named of Robert Bruce Polke. In Mary- 
land he secured patents to land from Lord 
Baltimore. 

His son, William Polke, Sr., was born 
in County Donegal. Ireland, and was 
brought to America by his parents. He 
also bought land, and after his father's 
death had charge of the Polke estate in 
ilaryland. Charles Polke, a son of William, 



Sr., was a native of Somerset County, Mary- 
land, and was father of Capt. Chaxles 
Polke. Capt. Charles Polke was bom in 
Frederick County, Maryland, February 2, 
1745. His father, who had been an Indian 
trader on the Maryland frontier, died in 
1753. Charles Polke moved to West Vir- 
ginia, in the Panhandle along the Ohio 
River, settling on Cross Creek near the 
present site of Wellsville, north of Wheel- 
ing. In 1780, with his wife and two chil- 
dren, he formed a colony, including his 
brothers, William, Edmond and Thomas 
and a sister. Piety, and removed to Ken- 
^tueky on flatboats. They located in what 
'is now Nelson County. The family for 
protection was established at Kincheloe's 
Station. Not long afterward Indians at- 
tacked and ma.ssacred the greater part of 
the garrison. Mrs. Charles Polke and four 
children were made captives, and were 
taken by the Indians to the British Garri- 
son at Detroit. Mrs. Polke walked from 
the station to the Ohio River and from 
that point rode a horse to Detroit. 
Through the influence of a British trader 
she was ransomed, and allowed to write 
to her husband. Upon receipt of the let- 
ter he went to Detroit, and returned with 
the family to Kentucky. All these and 
many other interesting facts of the early 
generations of the Polke family in Ken- 
tucky are recounted in Collins' History of 
Kentucky. 

The maiden name of this pioneer fron- 
tierswoman and wife of Capt. Charles 
Polke was Delilah Tyler. She was born in 
Virginia, February 10, 1755, daughter of 
Edward and Nancy (Langley) Tyler. She 
died in Shelby County, Kentucky, in 1797, 
at the age of forty-two. She was the 
mother of twelve children, one of whom 
was William Polke, maternal grandfather 
of ]\Ir. William Niles. 

William Polke was born in Brooke 
County, Virginia, now West Virginia, 
September 19, 1775. He was seven years 
of age when made a prisoner by the In- 
dians, and often recounted many of the 
incidents of that tragedy. He acquired a 
fair education, studied law and was ad- 
mitted to the bar, and removed to what 
is now Knox County, Indana, in 1806. A 
few years later he enlisted and served in 
the volunteer army of frontiei-smen under 
General Harrison, and was wounded at 
the Battle of Tippecanoe. In 1816, when 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



1385 



Indiana was admitted to the Union, he 
represented Knox County as a delegate 
to tlie P^'irst Constitutional Convention. In 
1829, and for a number of years afterward, 
he was commissioner for the sale of the 
Michigan Road lands. In 1832 he estab- 
lished a farm where the Michigan Road 
crossed the Tippecanoe River, in Fulton 
County, his being the first frame house 
on that road north of the Wabash River, 
and widely known for many years to pio- 
neers as the White House. In 18.36 he 
had charge of the removal of the Potta- 
watomie Indians to the Indian Territory. 
He served as a member of the Firet State 
Senate, and was one of the commissioners 
in locating the state capitol at Coridon. 
His name was prominent in the early his- 
tory of LaPorte County, since as an asso- 
ciate judge he opened the first court in 
that county. In 1841 he removed to Fort 
Wayne to accept the position from Presi- 
dent Harrison as register of the land office. 
He died at Fort Wayne while fulfilling 
those duties April 26, 1843. 

Such is a brief account of the ancestry 
of William Niles, who was bom at La- 
Porte, September 25, 183.5. As a boy he 
attended private schools in his native town, 
for one year was in Notre Dame Univer- 
sity, and was also a student at the college 
at Urbana, Ohio. In 1857 he entered the 
junior class of Dartmouth College, where 
he was graduated in 1859. After return- 
ing home he took up the study of law un- 
der his father, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1861. He practiced law for some 
years with his father, but gradually gave 
over that profession to devote his time to 
other aff'airs. He was one of the first stock- 
holders in the First National Bank of La- 
Porte when it was organized in 1864, his 
father being one of the first directors. He 
has been identified with tliat institution 
continuously for over fifty years, and for 
many years has been its president. Mr. 
Niles was also one of the organizers of 
the LaPorte Wheel Company, which was 
subsequently reorganized as the Niles- 
Scott Company, with him as president for 
several years. Mr. Niles is one of the ex- 
tensive land owners of Northern Indiana, 
having farms both in LaPorte and Lake 
counties, including some land which his 
father originally acquired from the state. 
Mr. Niles has always been a republican, 
and is one of the leading members of the 



New Church (Swedenborgian) of LaPorte, 
and is president of its board of trustees. 

Mr. Niles has two daughters, Mary N. 
and Sarah Isabelle. Mary is the wife of 
Harry M. Baum. The mother of these 
children was Judith King Anderson. She 
and Mr. Niles were married December 16, 
1885. She was born in LaPorte County 
and died December 13, 1902. Her father, 
Robert Anderson, was a farmer in Scipio 
Township of LaPorte County, where Mrs. 
Niles was born February 28, 1849. She 
was a woman of liberal education, having 
attended the common schools, the Hanover 
High School and Monmouth College in 
Illinois, and spent two years in Europe 
in travel and study. Mrs. Niles was a 
much beloved woman of LaPorte. She 
used her culture and abundant means to 
sustain many interests in arti-stic afi'airs 
and in practical charity. She kept a very 
hospitable home, entertained many friends, 
and was a leader in musical circles. She 
was always faithful to the Presbyterian 
Church in which she was reared, but after 
her marriage she attended quite regularly 
with her husband the New or Sweden- 
borgian Church. 

Ernest G. Dunn, Jr., is a civil engi- 
neer by profession, is the present county 
surveyor af LaPorte County, and member 
of a family that has been identified with 
tlie hnnber industry in Michigan and 
Northern Indiana for many years. 

He was born at IMuskegon, ilichigan, 
which was then at the heart of the gi-eat 
lumber manufacturing industry of that 
state. His grandfather was James Dunn, 
born in or near Plymouth, England. One 
of hi.s brothers came to the United States, 
but his subsequent experiences are not now 
known. At the age of nine years James 
Dunn ran away from home and went to 
sea. He became an able seaman and la- 
ter was first mate of different ve.ssels in 
the English merchant marine. He re- 
mained in that service until 1871, when 
he came to the United States and located 
at Chicago, was in several lines of work 
in tliat city, and in 1888 moved to Muske- 
gon, Michigan, and from there, in 1896, 
transferred his home to Michigan City, In- 
diana, where he died in 1897, at the age 
of sixty-three. He tnarried Emma Hocka- 
day, a native of England. She died at 
Michigan City in 1917. 



1386 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Ernest G. Dunn, Sr., was the only child 
of his parents. He was bom at Torquay, 
England, and was eleven years old when 
brought to the United States. He attended 
school in England and also in Chicago, 
and his first business experience was as 
bookkeeper with the Hickson store, the 
largest retail grocery store in the West. 
In 1888 he became a stockholder in the 
Maxwell Lumber Company of iluskegon, 
removing to that city, and for a number 
of years was secretary of the company. 
In 1896 he removed his home to Michigan 
City, and in 1909 he and Mr. Maxwell 
bought the interests of the other stock- 
holders and have since conducted one of 
the large retail lumber firms of ]Michigan 
City. E. G. Dunn, Sr., married Leonora 
Gray, a native of Brown County, Indi- 
ana. Her father, Ambrose Gray, was born 
in Connecticut of ilayflower ancestry, and 
was an early settler in Brown County, Indi- 
ana. He married Sallie R. Gray, a native 
of Brown County, her parents having come 
from North Carolina, first settling in Ken- 
tucky and later moving to Brown County, 
Indiana. Ambrose Gray served an appren- 
ticeship at the spectacle making trade, and 
came to Indiana with his employer, who 
established a spectacle factory in Brown 
County. This was the first industry of its 
kind in the West, and it did not long con- 
tinue. E. G. Dunn and wife had eight 
children: Emma, who died at the age of 
twenty-four. Eunice, Ernest G., Chester, 
Mabel, Howard, and Marion and Dorothy, 
twins. 

Ernest G. Dunn, Jr., graduated from 
the [Michigan City High School and then 
entered the University of Michigan at 
Ann Arbor. He took the course of civil 
engineering, and on leaving the univer- 
sity went West, to Poi'tland, Oregon, and 
put in a year as a teacher. He returned 
to Indiana to become identified with the 
new City of Gary, and for three years 
was connected with the engineering de- 
partment of that municipality, and helped 
in laying out and building some of the 
improvements which made that town not- 
able among the cities of the Middle West. 
From Gary Mr. Dunn returned to Michi- 
gan Cit.v, and for four years served as 
city civil engineer. In October, 1918, he 
was appointed county surveyor to fill an 
unexpired term, and his appointment was 



confirmed by popular election in Novem- 
ber of the same year. 

In 1911 he married iliss Clarriet Wil- 
helm, a native of LaPorte, and daughter 
of Frederick and Mary Wilhelm. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dunn have one daughter, 
Leonora. Mr. Dunn is a member of the 
Episcopal Church, and member and past 
chancellor of Gaiy Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias. 

William Adams ]\Iartin during a long 
and active career has identified himself 
with many of the leading enterprises of 
LaPorte. He is a manufacturer and bank- 
er and an official in several public utility 
plants in the northern part of the state. 

His early youth connected him with pio- 
neer times in this part of the ^liddle West. 
An indication of this is that he was born 
in a log cabin in Three Oaks Township 
of Berrien Count.v, ^Michigan. Nearly all 
the homes in that community at the time 
were log cabins, and a log house was by 
no means an indication of poverty. 

His ]\Iartiu ancestors were numbered 
among the first settlers of New Jersey. His 
grandfather, Isaac Webb Martin, was born 
near Woodbridge, Middlesex County, 
New Jersey, January 14, 1781, and be- 
came a shoemaker. That was a very im- 
portant trade at the time, since all shoes 
were made by hand and to order, and he 
also combined with skill at this art the 
weaving of fine linen. His account book 
dating from 1812 to 1837 is still carefully 
preserved by a granddaughter. From 
Middlesex County he moved to Succa- 
sunna, in Morris County, New Jersey, 
where he bought a farm, part of which 
is now included in the village. He lived 
there and raised a family of eleven chil- 
dren, eight sons and three daughters, and 
then went out to .ioin some of his chil- 
dren at Oxford, Ohio, where he died. The 
maiden name of his wife was Alice Adams. 
She was of the same family that gave this 
country two of its most distinguished presi- 
dents. Her father, ilatthew Adams, 
fought as an American soldier in the Revo- 
lution. Isaac Webb Martin and wife had as 
stated eight sons and three daughters. Mi-s. 
^lartin moved witli her son, Sherwood, to 
Berrien County, Michigan, where she died 
at the ripe age of ninety-one .years. 

Ebenezer Sherwood ]\Iartin -was born in 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1387 



Hunterdon County, New Jersey, January 
11, 1816. He was reared and educated 
in his native state and served an appren- 
ticeship to the mason's trade. In 1838, 
after his marriage, he moved out to Ox- 
ford, Ohio, and in 1846 made a further 
progn-ess westward with his wife and three 
children, embarking his goods on a wagon 
and directing his team overland on the 
journey to Berrien County in the extreme 
southwest corner of Michigan. He made 
the journey with wagon and team in the 
absence of any other means of transpor- 
tation, since no railroad was completed 
through this part of the iliddle West for 
several years. He bought a tract of land 
in Three Oaks Township, near the IndiaJia 
state line. The only improvements on that 
land were a log cabin and a few acres of 
cleared ground and a small orchard. Here 
he resumed his trade and at the same time 
superintended the further improvement of 
his land. In 1896 he retired from his 
^Michigan farm and came to LaPorte, where 
he died in 1903. On January 19, 1836, he 
married Miss Rachel Harland. She was 
born at Elizabethtown, New Jei;sey, Sep- 
tember 7, 1815, daughter of Captain 
Stephen and Elizabeth (Heden) Harland. 
t'or many years her father commanded 
a boat engaged in the traffic up and down 
the Hudson River. This venerable river 
captain died at the age of ninety-six. E. 
Sherwood Martin and wife had the follow- 
ing children : Elizabeth, Alice, Isaac W., 
Stephen H., William Adams, Abram F. 
and John E. 

William Adams Martin attended the 
rural schools near his father's farm in 
Southwestern ilichigan and also had the 
benefit of attendance at Carlisle College. 
His training in early youth was sufficient 
to inculcate in him habits of industry and 
integrity and gave him the good constitu- 
tion which has enabled him to maintain 
heavy business responsibilities for half a 
century or more. 

Mr. ]\Iartin came to LaPorte in 1866. 
His first employment was as clerk in a 
clothing store. He continued that rou- 
tine occupation for ten years. In 1876 
he was made deputy county treasurer and 
held that office for eight years. In 1884 
he was elected county treasurer, and served 
for two years. Since leaving public office 
Mr. Martin has been primarily identified 
with public utilities, particularly gas in- 



dustries. He is now president of the La- 
Porte Gas and Electric Company, presi- 
dent of the Rochester Gas and Coke Com- 
pany, president of the Greencastle Gas and 
Electric Company, president of the John 
Hilt Ice Company, and a director of the 
First National and the State Bank of La- 
Porte. In various ways his influence and 
means li^ve been a contribution to the 
general welfare of his community. He is 
president of the Board of Trustees of the 
Old Ladies' Home at LaPorte, and he and 
his wife are active members of the Chris- 
tian Church and he has served that church 
for several years as elder. 

June 7. i886, Mr. Martin married Re- 
becca Elizabeth Drummond. She was 
born at Rolling Prairie in LaPorte County, 
daughter of John and Orilda (Bowell) 
Drummond. Mr. and ]\Irs. Martin have an 
interesting family of children, John Gor- 
don, Thomas Foster, Rachel Orilda and 
Ruth Drummond. 

John Gordon, the oldest, was born 
November 25, 1887, graduated from the 
LaPorte High School and Cornell Univer- 
sity, and is a practical engineer now super- 
intendent of his father's gas plant and 
lives at Rochester. He married Mildred 
Pheift'er, and has a son, John Gordon, Jr. 

Thomas Foster ilartin, born November 
6. 1889. is a graduate of the LaPorte High 
School and of ]\Iichigan University, and 
is now secretary and treasurer of the John 
Hilt Ice Company. He married Aldyth 
Frederickson and has a daughter, Ada 
Elizabeth. 

Rachel Martin, born February 20, 1891." 
after completing the course of tlie LaPorte 
High School, entered Wells College at 
Aurora, New York, of which she is a gradu- 
ate. She is the wife of Kenneth Osborne 
of LaPorte. 

Ruth :\rartin, born February 20. 1892. 
graduated from the LaPorte High School 
and from Barnard College, the woman's 
department of Columbia University, and 
is now using her talents and education in 
the service of the government. 

Charles E. Weller. Several of the 
most interesting as well a.s the most use- 
ful men identified with the citizenship of 
LaPorte has borne the name Weller. One 
of them was Rev. Henry Weller. who was 
a i)ioneor minister of the Swedenborgian 
faith in the Middle West and founded the 



1388 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



New Church at LaPorte. He was the 
father of four sons, all of w-hom have been 
eminent in some special line. One of them 
is Charles E. Weller, who learned teleg- 
raphy as a boy, and later was one of the 
first men in the Middle West to become 
an expert in the new art of phonography, 
better known now as stenography, and for 
many years was a successful court report- 
er in St. Louis. He is now living at La- 
Porte and is secretary of the National 
Shorthand Reporters' Association. 

Rev. Henrv Weller, his father, was -born 
at Battle Abbey, England, in 1801. He 
had a good literary education and early 
became attracted to religious thought. He 
joined a society known as "Free Think- 
ing Christians" and at the age of fifteen 
delivered his first religious discourse at 
Hastings, England. His brother, John, 
came to America and settled at New York 
City, and for some years operated a cafe 
on Broadwaj^ which was patronized by 
many of the wealthy people of that cit}^ 
His brother, Thomas, was a pioneer set- 
tler in Calhoun County, Michigan, improv- 
ing a farm there and spending his last 
years retired at Marshall. A sister mar- 
ried Rev. Thomas Brieher, a Unitarian 
preacher, and lived at Newburyport, 
Massachusetts. 

Rev. Henry Weller brought his family 
to America in 1837, and after two years 
in New York City removed to Marshall, 
Michigan, in 1839. That was still a pio- 
neer community and he entered actively 
upon the task of making a home in the 
wilderness. He also preached at various 
localities. In 1840 he became attracted to 
the philosophy of Emanuel Swedenborg, 
and from that time until his death was an 
earnest expounder of the faith of the 
Church of the New Jerusalem. In 1850 
he made his first visit to LaPorte, and be- 
gan the formation of the New Church, 
being its fir.st minister. He also built up 
a society of the same church at Grand 
Rapids, Michigan. From that city he 
brought his family to LaPorte in 1853. 
He also founded in that year a periodi- 
cal called The Crisis, which was an ably 
edited magazine, published in the interests 
of the New Church. Later its name was 
changed to The New Church Independent, 
and it was moved to Chicago, where it en- 
joyed a prosperous existencie for many 
years. Besides the gi-eat work he did as 



a minister Rev. Henry Weller served dur- 
ing 1863-64 as chaplain of the Eighty- 
Seventh Indiana Infantry, and all the sur- 
vivors of that regiment spoke kindly and 
had a grateful memory of the chaplain. Rev. 
Mr. Weller died June 7, 1868, from dis- 
ease contracted in the army. His home 
for a number of years was on Stone Lake, 
about a mile north of LaPorte, a place 
since known as Weller 's Grove. Rev. 
Henry Weller married at Hastings, Eng- 
land," September 20, 1826, IMiss Caroline 
Stevens. She was born in Brighton, Eng- 
land, and was the only member of her 
father's family to come to America. Her 
two brothers were named David and AVil- 
liam. She had a sister, Harriet, who mar- 
ried Charles Cade. Mrs. Caroline Weller 
died at Chicago. She was the mother of 
four sons: John S., William H., Alfred 
and Charles E. John S. became a promi- 
nent newspaper man at LaPorte and later 
was in business at Chicago until his death. 
William H. also learned the printer's 
trade, later became a telegi'apher, and for 
a number of years served as chief train 
dispatcher on the western division of the 
Lake Shore Railroad. He died at LaPorte 
in 1900. Alfred also learned telegraphy, 
and had many responsible positions in that 
work, having been manager of the Western 
Union telegraph office for over forty years 
at ililwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Charles E. Weller, youngest son of Rev. 
Henry Weller, was born in a log house 
near Marshall, Michigan, in 1840. He at- 
tended the rural schools of Calhoun Coun- 
ty, and at the age of twelve years began 
working in his father's printing office. A 
year later he became a telegi-aph messen- 
ger, and while thus employed at LaPorte 
learned the art of telegraphy. Subse- 
quently he was assigned to open the rail- 
road station of the ^Michigan Southern 
Railway at Coldwater, Michigan, and for 
three years had assignments in the rail- 
way service at Coldwater, South Bend, 
White Pigeon and Toledo. His last posi- 
tion in the railway service was in the office 
of Charles ]\Iinot, resident manager of the 
Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Rail- 
way Company at Chicago. In 1858, and 
following that, he was in the Western 
Union office at jMilwaukee, of which his 
brother, Alfred, was manager. During the 
Civil war he had charge of the telegraph 
office at Madison, Wisconsin. 




UldCtXtZ^^ Jj?hcuyuj24. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1389 



111 the meantime, as early as 1862. ^Ir. 
Weller had begun to learn the Pitman 
system of phonography or shorthand, and 
studied and practiced constantly with a 
view to becoming a law reporter. In 1867, 
resigning his work with the Western Union 
Company, he went to St. Louis and took 
with him what is claimed to be the tirst 
practical typewriter ever constructed. He 
WPS ;in intimate friend of its inventor,. 
Christopher Sholes of Milwaukee. At St. 
Louis he became a court reporter, and 
afterwards with his son established the 
firm of Weller & Weller, law stenogra- 
phers, and continued his professional work 
there until 1914. In that year Mr. Weller 
was elected secretary of the National Short- 
hand Reporters' Association, and at once 
selected LaPorte as his headquarters. 

In 1866 ilr. Weller married IMiss Mar- 
garet A. Watkins, a native of Philadelphia 
and a daughter of William Watkins, a 
native of Wales. Mrs. Weller died in 
1911. She was the mother of two sons, 
William Edward and Frank. 

William Edward Weller was educated 
in St. Louis, graduated in dentistry from 
Washington University, and is now prac- 
ticing at Bonne Terre, Jlissouri. He mar- 
ried ;\Iiss Kate Walsh, and his five chil- 
dren are named Mona, Charles, Dorothy, 
Samuel and Frank. 

Mr. Prank Weller was also educated at 
St. Louis, and early perfected himself in 
shorthand and became associated with his 
father as a court reporter. He still con- 
tinues the business as official court repor- 
ter in Division No. 1 of the Circuit Court 
at Clayton, St. Louis County. He married 
Mary Bricter and has one daughter, Elsie. 
Charles E. Weller is an active member 
of the New Church. He is a thirty-second 
degree Scottish Rite Mason. 

Emit. D.\nielson, secretary and treas- 
urer of the Larsou-Danielson Construction 
Company of LaPorte, has been a contrac- 
tor and builder all his active career, learn- 
ing the business from his father, and his 
pi,ish and enterprise have extended the 
scope of his company's undertakings over 
many states, where substantial monuments 
to this organization are found in the shape 
of many private and public buildings. 

Mr. Danielson is a native of LaPorte. 
His father, John Danielson, was born in 
Sweden, attended school there as a boy, 



also began an apprenticeship at the ma- 
son's trade, and when still a young man 
started for America. He was the first and 
only member of his father's family to come 
to this country. In LaPorte he was em- 
ployed at his trade as a journeyman and 
later became a contractor and builder and 
continued it until he retired a few years 
ago. He married ^liss Swanson, also a 
native of Sweden. She was brought to 
America by her parents, who settled near 
Genoa, Illinois. She is now deceased. 
There were seven children, named Anna, 
Emil, Nathan, Theodore, Celius, Annetta 
and Elizabeth. 

Emil Danielson was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of LaPorte. He was only four- 
teen when he began learning his trade 
with his father, and acquired a thorough 
knowledge of it both as a technical voca- 
tion and as a business. In 1908 Mr. 
Danielson organized the Larson-Danielson 
Company, of which he is secretary and 
treasurer. This company has handled 
large and important contracts not alone in 
Indiana, but in many other states in all 
directions. 

In 1899 Mr. Danielson married Miss 
Edwina Schweder, a native of LaPorte, 
daughter of August and Fredericka 
Schweder, who were natives of Germany. 
Mr. Danielson had one son, ilarvin, now 
in the last year of his high school course. 
Mr. Danielson attends the Presbyterian 
Church and his wife the German Lutheran. 
Fraternally he is affiliated with Excelsior 
Lodge No. 41, Ancient Free and Accepted 
ilasons. 

Rev. M.\tthias Lorixg H.\ixe.s. D. D. 
Doctor Haines is one of the comparatively 
few natives of Indiana of his years whose 
parents were both natives of the state. The 
service that particularly distinguishes him 
among the native sons of Indiana has been 
rendered as pastor of the Fir.st Presby- 
terian Church of Indianapolis for more 
than thirty years. 

His American ancestry runs back to the 
period when Indiana was an uninhabited 
wilderness, for Deacon Samuel Haines, the 
founder of the American family,, came over 
from England in 1635 — fifteen years after 
the Iroquois claim to have expelled all the 
native tribes from Indiana. Deacon Samuel 
was born at Shrewsbury. England, in 1611. 
but wa.s of WelsTi descent. At the age of 



1390 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



fifteen he was apprenticed for ten years to 
John Cogswell, a cloth maker of Westbury, 
Wiltshire, and served with him until June 
4, 1635, when Cogswell, with his family and 
apprentices, sailed for New England in the 
Angel Gabriel. This vessel, which Rev. 
Richard ilather says was "a strong ship 
and well furnished with fourteen or sixteen 
pieces of ordnance," was originally built 
for Sir Walter Raleigh's fleet, and this was 
her last voyage, for on August 14th, having 
crossed the ocean, she was anchored in the 
outer harbor of Pemaquid, and was struck 
by the "Great Hurricane" and dashed to 
pieces on the shore. Luckily most of the 
crew and passengers, including the Cogs- 
wells and Samuel Haines, escaped to the 
shore and also saved the greater part of 
their effects from the wreck. After a brief 
experience as castaways they were picked 
up by "Goodman Gallup 's bark from Bos- 
ton" and taken to Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
where Cogswell located, and Haines finished 
his apprenticeship. In 1638 he returned to 
England, and on April 1st of that year 
married Ellener Neate at Dilton, Wiltshire. 
The young couple returned to America the 
next year and located at Northam, New 
Hampshire, now known as Dover Point. 

In 1650 they removed to what wa.s then 
called Strawberry Bank, and three years 
later, the settlers having put themselves 
under the protection of Massachusetts, 
Samuel Haines joined in a petition to the 
General Court at Boston to change the 
name of the town to Portsmouth, which 
was done. The same year he was chosen 
one of the selectmen of Portsmouth, in 
which office he was continued for ten years. 
He was public spirited and sagacious — be- 
came a large land owner, interested in a 
sawmill and other enterprises. He was one 
of the founders of the old North Church in 
Portsmouth, and as soon as they had a 
settled pastor he was ordained deacon of 
the church by ' ' the imposition of hands and 
prayer. ' ' 

From him the Haines line spread through 
large families. His sixth son, Samuel, bom 
in Dover in 1646, was married on January 
9, 1673, to :\rary Fifield, daughter of Giles 
and Mary (Perkins) Fifield of Hampton. 
Their fourth son. William, bom January 7, 
1679, married Mary Lewis of Casco Bay, 
Januai-y 4, 1705. Their eldest son, Mat- 
thias, bom in Greenland. New Hampshire, 
]\Iareh 17, 1713, married Abigail Sher- 



burne. Their third son, Matthias, was bom 
in Greenland, New Hampshire, October 11, 
1744, married Sarah Hall of Chester, now 
Raymond, New Hampshire, in 1781. He 
served as a private in Capt. Josiah Dear- 
born's Company in 1776. Their son Mat- 
thias, born December 30, 1785, was the 
grandfather of Doctor Haines. He at- 
tended the common schools of Raymond, 
Vermont, and the Academy at Peacham, 
after which he read medicine with Dr. 
Shedd Peacham and took the medical course 
at Dartmouth College and began practicing 
his profession. In 1816 he and his twin 
brother Joshua came west and located at 
Rising Sun, Indiana. On October 22, 1822, 
he married Elizabeth Brouwer, daughter of 
Dr. Abram Brouwer, a New Yorker, who 
had located at Lawrenceburg in 1818. He 
had a large practice at Rising Sun and in 
the vicinity, and took an active interest in 
public matters, especially in education. He 
was an elder in the Presbyterian Church 
and an active lav member. He died at 
Rising Sun Januan^ 21, 1863. 

Of his eleven children the eldest was 
Abram Brouwer Haines, who was born 
November 29, 1823, at Rising Sun. His 
early education was obtained at Rising 
Sun Academy, where he had as teaehei's 
among others Daniel D. Pratt, later United 
States senator, and Prof. Thomas Thomas. 
At sixteen he went to iliami University for 
two years and then read medicine with his 
father. In 1843-44 he attended lectures at 
Oh'o ^ledical College, and then went to the 
Medical School at Western Reserve College 
at Cleveland, from which he graduated in 
the spring of 1846, and in the same year 
opened an office at Aurora, Indiana. On 
October 21, 1847, he married Julia P. Lor- 
ing, daughter of Ezekiel Howe Loring. one 
of the early settlers of Ohio County, who 
came there from Sudbury, ^Massachusetts, 
near Boston. Julia P. Loring was born at 
Rising Sun November 25, 1824. Dr. Abram 
Brouwer Haines left a brilliant record as 
a skillful and devoted physician, notable 
especially for his self sacrifice during the 
cholera epidemic of 1848. In July. 1862, 
he was commissioned by Governor 'Morton 
assistant surEreon of the Nineteenth Indiana 
and was with this regiment, which was 
part of the First Division ("the Iron 
Brigade") of the First Corps of the Army 
of the Potomac until Lee's surrender. He 
was made a prisoner at the second battle 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1391 



of Bull Run, because he refused to leave 
the wounded on the field, and was captured 
a second time at Gettysburg. After Ap- 
pomattox he was commissioned surgeon of 
the One Hundred and Forty-sixth Indiana, 
and as mustered out with the regiment in 
September, 1865. Twenty years later he 
wa-s appointed president of the Board of 
Examining Surgeons of the Pension De- 
partment for Southeastern Indiana, which 
office he held until his death July 20, 1887. 
He was one of the organizers of the Dear- 
liorn County Medical Society, and became a 
member of the State Medical Society in 
1S51. He was a devoted Presbyterian and 
an elder in that church. Of his seven chil- 
dren, the oldest son was ^Matthias Loring 
Haines. 

IMatthias Loring Haines was born at 
Aurora, Indiana, May 4, 1850. After pri- 
mary education in the common schools of 
Rising Sun and the high school of Aurora, 
Indiana, he entered in 1867 Wabash Col- 
lesre, from which he graduated in 1871. 
He then went to the I^nion Theological 
Seminary of New York City and graduated 
there in 1874. He was at once called to 
the pa.storate of the Dutch Reformed 
Church at Astoria New York, then a 
suburb of Brookl\m. now included in 
Greater New York, where he served most 
acceptably for eleven years. In the spring 
of 1885 he was unanimously called to the 
First Presbvterian Church at Indianapolis, 
and began his woj'k there on April 1st of 
that year. It was a position that put him 
to the te.st. The nulpit had iust been va- 
cated by the brilliant ^lyron B. Reed, and 
there were manv who predicted that it 
would be "hard to fill his shoes." It was 
not long, however, until it was observed 
that the new nastor had shoes of his ovm 
that were to the satisfaction of his congre- 
gation and of the Dublic. 

He apparentlv felt a need for heln at 
the outset, for he posted off to New York 
and on Mav 7. 1885. wedded IMiss Sarah 
L. Kouwenboven of Astoria, whose charm 
and tflct added materiallv to his nopularitv 
in his new charge. She is one of the oldest 
of the Knickerbocker families, a daughter 
of Francis T). and Han-iet Koiiwenhoven. 
The Kouwenboven aneestrv came to Amer- 
ica from Holland in 16.30." 

Tho First Presbyterian Church is one of 
the oldest in Indianapolis, being oraranized 
July 5, 1823, and though preceded in or- 



ganization by the Methodists and the Bap- 
tists, had the first church building in the 
city — a one-stoiy frame building that stood 
on the west side of Pennsylvania Street 
above Market, where the Vajen Block is 
now located. In 1843 the congregation re- 
moved to a more pretentious building at 
Monument Place and Market, the present 
site of the American Central Life Building. 
In 1866 they occupied a new building at 
the southwest corner of Pennsylvania and 
New York streets, and in 1903 came to the 
present church at Sixteenth and Delaware 
streets. Naturally it included many nota- 
bles in its membership in its history, and 
during the pastorate of Doctor Haines there 
were Governors Baker and Blount, Presi- 
dent Ben.iamin Harrison and Attorney 
General Miller, as well as many others of 
prominence and influence. Doctor Haines 
was tl>e pastor of the humblest member of 
his flock as fully as to these. At one of 
the church socials President Harrison said : 
"I thank God for a pastor who preaches 
Christ crucified, and never says a foolish 
thing"; and John H. Holliday added to 
this, "and never does a foolish thing." 

While Doctor Haines has given satisfac- 
tion as a preacher, it is his personality that 
has given him his hold on men. for his 
kindly and sympathetic nature attract all 
who come in contact with him. In the 
natural and spontaneous expression of 
these qualities he is an interesting example 
of the effect of Hoosier life on New Eng- 
land character. On Christmas Day, 1816. 
his grandfather and grand-uncle wrote 
from Risinsr Sun to their parents advising 
them of their safe arrival in their new 
home. They began the letter, "Honored 
Parents" and closed it "Your Obedient 
Sons." It is simply impossible to imagine 
Doctor Haines so wording a letter to any- 
one dear to him. Of course it is a matter 
of form, but it illustrates the contrast be- 
tween the repression of New England and 
the vent to the emotions of the West, which 
are set forth as the distinguishing charac- 
teristics of the two in the chapter on 
Hoosier Character elsewhere in this pub- 
lication. While holding closely to the 
proprieties in the pulpit. Doctor Haines 
gives rein to his genial humor on appro- 
priate occasions : and is noted as a felicitous 
after-dinner speaker. He has reached the 
highest degree in amiability — the children 
love him. 



1392 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



During his pastorate of a third of a een- 
turj-, the longest in the history of the 
church, Doctor Haines has been called to 
broad service. He was for ten years a 
member of the Presbyterian Board of Aid 
for Colleges and Academies; a director of 
Lane Theological Seminary ; a trustee of 
Wabash College ; a member of the executive 
committee of Winona Technical Institute; 
a director of Winona Assembly. In the 
public activities of the city he succeeded 
Rev. Oscar C. ]\IcCulloch as president of 
the Indianapolis Benevolent Society and 
continued in that office for more than 
twenty-five years. He was the first presi- 
dent of the Indianapolis Summer Mission 
for Sick Children, and a member of the 
Board of the Free Kindergarten Society. 
He served as president of the Indianapolis 
Literary Society, and was a member of the 
committee of five from the Commercial 
Club that drafted the Park Law of 1899. 
His degree of D. D. was conferred upon 
him by Wabash College in 1886. 

Doctor and 'Sirs. Haines have two chil- 
dren : Lydia Rapelye, born September 9, 
1886, and married on April 26, 1911, to 
William Pierson Biggs, of Tumansburg, 
New York ; and Julia Loring, born January 
24, 1889, and married on October 24, 1916, 
to Dr. John Alexander McDonald, of 
Indianapolis. 

Ebenezer Dumont, soldier and congre.ss- 
man, was born at Vevay, Indiana, Novem- 
ber 23, 1814. His education was chiefly 
by his mother, the talented Julia L. Du- 
mont; and he read law with his father, 
Gen. John Dumont. He engaged in prac- 
tice in Dearborn County, but with some in- 
terruptions. He was the first principal of 
the old Marion County Seminary, in 183.5- 
6 ; state representative in 1838 ; treasurer 
of Vevay 1839-45 ; lieutenant-colonel of 
volunteers in the Mexican war; state rep- 
resentative in 1850 and 1853 ; presidential 
elector on the Pierce ticket in 1852 ; presi- 
dent of the State Bank of Indiana, 1853-7. 
He volunteered at the outbreak of the Civil 
war, and was made colonel of the Seventh 
Indiana Regiment ; promoted brigadier- 
general September 3, 1861 ; resigned Feb- 
ruary 28, 1863 ; elected as a unionist to 
the Thirty-Eighth and Thirty-Ninth Con- 
gresses (1863-7). He died at Indianapolis, 
April 16, 1871. Shoi'tly before his death 



he was appointed governor of Idaho, but 
did not serve. 

General Dumont was a talented speaker, 
and a successful lawyer, especially effective 
before a jury. He was regarded as some- 
what eccentric. On arriving at his ma- 
jority, he publicly announced himself a 
democrat, much to the disgust of his 
father, who was a prominent whig. He 
maintained his party allegiance until the 
beginning of the Civil war. As a soldier 
he showed admirable qualities, but was 
forced to retire from active service on ac- 
count of poor health. 

Enrique C. ^Lllee is president of the 
Miller-Baldwin Company, wholesale jew- 
elers of Indianapolis. Mr. ililler has been 
a prominent business man of that city for 
over thirty years and is largely responsible 
for the extensive and honored connection 
of his firm with this and other states. 

Mr. Miller has a very interesting lineage 
and family history. He was born in old 
ilexico, in Chihuahua, June 18, 1849. His 
father, Samuel ililler, who was born and 
reared in Pennsylvania, was one of those 
hardy, adventurous spirits who found the 
best satisfactions of life in enduring the 
perils and roughness of the far west. When 
scarcely more than a boy he left comfort, 
home and friends and started west over 
the trackless wilds. In the ^Mississippi 
valley he joined a caravan bound for Santa 
Fe. He reached there after many troubles 
with the Indians and from there went to 
Chihuahua, where he became a merchant. 
In ilexico he married a lady of Spanish 
ancestry, Martina Avila. They lived in 
Chihuahua some years, but in 1859, owing 
to the lawless conditions which existed 
thoughout the country largely as a result 
of the war between the United States and 
]\Iexlco, Samuel Miller brought his family 
east and for some years lived in Logan and 
Champaign counties, Ohio. He had by 
no means satiated himself with the life 
of the West. It was in fact an intimate 
part of his character and after a few years 
he left the quiet and rather tame scenes of 
Ohio and returned to old ilexico in 1883. 
After that he was engaged in banking 
at Parral until his death in 1902. 
. Enrique C. Miller is one of the two sur- 
viving children of a family of six. He was 
reared in Ohio from the age of ten years 
and graduated from Kenvon College at 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1393 



Carabrier in 1871. He was not of robust 
constitution, and therefore did not engage 
actively in business until 1876, when he 
came to Indianapolis. Here he worked a.s 
clerk in a bank until failing health caused 
his return to Ohio. "While there he sought 
the employment o* a farm and gradually 
gained that strength and constitution 
which has fortified him through more than 
thirty years of continuous activity in busi- 
ness affairs at Indianapolis. 

In 1881 Mr. Miller married Miss Sallie 
M. Baldwin, daughter of Sila.s Baldwin 
of Toledo, Ohio. . Two years later, with 
his father-in-law, Mr. Miller founded the 
firm of Baldwin, Miller & Company, out 
of which has been developed the present 
wholesale jewelry house of the Baldwin- 
Miller Company. Mr. jMiller is now and 
for a number of years has been active head 
of this business. 

He is a vestryman of St. Paul's Episco- 
pal Church, is a republican in politics, 
and is a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and of various civic and social oi'ganiza- 
tions. Mrs. ]\Iiller is a woman of superior 
mental and artistic talent and is well 
known in select circles as a vocalist. Mr. 
and ilrs. Miller have two children, Mar- 
rian and LeRoy Baldwin Miller. The 
daughter man-ied Randall Felix Geddes. 
They have two children, Randall Felix, 
Jr., and Marrian. 

Ch.vrles M. Cross, a resident of Indian- 
apolis for thirty-five years, has had grow- 
ing business relations with the city and 
for over twenty years has been a factor 
in real estate circles. He is head of the 
Charles j\I. Cross and Company, with 
offices on North Meridian Street. 

Mr. Cross was born at Alexandria in 
Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, March 
1, 1857, son of Benjamin and Mary (Saner) 
Cross. His parents were both natives of 
Pennsylvania, his father being a carpenter 
and building contractor. He was a highly 
respected man in the community where he 
lived, and closely attached to friends and 
home. He was a member of the German 
Reformed Church, of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and a democratic 
voter. Of five children four are still liv- 
ing. 

Charles M. Cross, next to the youngest 
among the children, was educated in the 
public schools of his native village, but 



from the age of fifteen has depended upon 
his own resources and asked for nothing 
which he could not earn and which he did 
not deserve. While selling goods on the 
road he earned the money sufficient to 
study for two years at Mercer.sburg Acad- 
emy, in Penn.sylvania, and for another 
two years at Heidelberg College at Tiffin, 
Ohio. Mr. Cross was a traveling sales- 
man for a number of years and in 1882 
moved his headquarters to Indianapolis. 
He represented a large wholesale cigar 
house and for several years had charge 
of the cigar department of Sehnull and 
Company. He subsequently bought that 
business and conducted it successfully for 
three years. 

In the meantime he had become associ- 
ated with his old friend Alexander R. 
Shroyer in subdividing and selling a tract 
of thirty-four acres known as Charles M. 
Cross Trustee's Clifford Avenue Addition 
to the City of Indianapolis, and that was 
his first experience in real estate. Since 
that initial success Mr. Cross has been 
handling many parcels of valuable prop- 
erty in and around Indianapolis both for 
himself and others, and has perfected an 
organization that is one of the best in 
Indianapolis real estate circles. 

ilr. Cross is a Knight Templar and 
thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, 
a member of the Mystic Shrine, and is an 
independent democrat. He met his wife 
at Heidelberg College in Tiffin, Ohio, of 
which institution she is a graduate. They 
were married at Tiffin April 24, 1883. Mrs. 
Cross before her marriage was Miss Laura 
Lott. To their union were born five chil- 
dren : Harry E., born in February, 1884, 
has attained the rank of major in the army 
in France; Jessie M., who became Mrs. 
Townsend and died in October, 1918; 
Charles M., who died while a young busi- 
ness man at Indianapolis ; Helen Ida ; and 
Donald Frederick, deceased. 

Arthur T. Wells. For about half a 
century the name Wells has had a signifi- 
cant place in the business history of Mun- 
cie, and its many honorable associations 
are the result of the enterprise of two 
generations. 

It was in Muncie that Arthur T. Wells 
was born January 7, 1875. His birthplace 
was the site now occupied by his model 
and flourishing laundry business, the plant 



1394 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



of the American Laundry having: been 
built where the old Wells homestead form- 
erly stood. He is a son of Andrew Thomas 
and Eliza J. (Brunson) Wells, the former 
a native of Allen County, Indiana. Andrew 
T. Wells was a pioneer manufacturer of 
tinware at Muncie. He was in that busi- 
ness for over thirty-five years. From a 
small beginning he developed a very preten- 
tious establishment, and after his death it 
was continued by his son. When he began 
manufacturing tinware it was customary 
for his goods to be placed in wagons and 
peddled over the country, the tinware be- 
ing exchanged along the road for produce, 
poultry and other merchandise of all kinds. 
In this way the output of a shop contained 
in a single room was increased until the 
business became an important industrial 
establishment at Muneie. The late Mr. 
Wells was thus a factor in the growth of 
Muncie from a small village to a city of 
over 30,000. He was successful, and a 
man who enjoyed and well merited the 
esteem paid him. His prosperity enabled 
him to leave a small fortune to his chil- 
dren, two in number, a son and daughter, 
both now living in iluncie. 

Arthur T. Wells attended the public 
schools to the age of sixteen and lived 
at home with his parents until he was 
nineteen. For several years he was associ- 
ated with his father in the tinware busi- 
ness, and he is still operating that in con- 
nection with other interests. In 1900 he 
engaged in the laundry business, and that 
expanded so rapidly that he was compelled 
to remove to larger quarters. In 1905, 
therefore, he erected a large concrete build- 
ing 45 by 120 feet on the site of the old 
homestead, and ecjuipped it with the most 
modern and perfect machinery and facili- 
ties for laundry work. The American 
Laundry is no longer a merely local enter- 
prise, and in connection with its dry clean- 
ing and renovating department it has 
agencies all over the towns and communi- 
ties tributary to Muncie both in Ohio and 
Indiana, and on the basis of a thoroughly 
reliable and appreciative service the busi- 
ness is growing every year. 

Mr. Wells is a man of eminent public 
spirit, and has been identified with many 
of those movements which reflect the pros- 
perity and progress of Muneie. Like his 
father he is an ardent democrat, and has 
helped his party whenever possible. He 



served as a member of the City Council 
four years. He is a director of the West- 
ern Reserve Life Insurance Company, and 
fraternally is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias and the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. May 4, 1904, Mr. 
Wells married Miss Minnie Adair, who is 
of Scotch-Irish ancestry. 

James Clay Burton is an Indiana busi- 
ness man, and recently became manager 
of the Fear-Campbell Company's plant at 
Elwood. 

ilr. Burton was born at Ekin. Tipton 
County, Indiana, October 25, 1885, a son 
of Henry JI. and Margaret (Scott) Burton. 
He is of Irish ancestry, his great-grand- 
father Burton having come from Ireland 
to this country in the early days. 

James C. Burton attended school in the 
country and had one year in the Tipton 
High School. He filled in all the intervals 
not in school with work on the home farm, 
and for a time he followed agriculture 
as a regular vocation. His tendencies were 
toward a commercial line, and he found 
his early opportunities at Ekin, where he 
was employed with the firm of Joyce and 
Burton and later with A. L. Joyce. He 
was in business at Ekin for nine or ten 
years, and on October 22, 1917, came to El- 
wood as manager of the local business of 
the Fear-Campbell Company. 

Mr. Burton is an energetic business man 
and has many warm friends in business and 
social circles. He is affiliated with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, also the Daugh- 
ters of Rebekah at Ekin, is a member of the 
First Christian Church and in politics is 
a democrat In 1912 he married Miss 
Hazel D. Fox, daughter of Lewis and 
Frances (Scott) Fox of Ekin. They have 
one son, Edwin EUesworth. 

0. N. McCoRMiCK. One of the interest- 
ing industries of Indiana and a business 
that means much to the material welfare 
of the Town of Albany is the kitchen 
cabinet and household ware factory of the 
McCormick Brothers at that town. 

The MeCormicks as a family have long 
been identified with wood working and 
other lines of manufacture, and their en- 
terprise has meajit as much if not more 
than anything else to give Albany its in- 
dustrial prominence. 0. N. McCormick 



INDIANA AND IND[ANANS 



1395 



was liorn at Fairbury, Illinois, January 
21, 1865, a son of Robert B. and Aniamla 
W. (Dixon) MeCormiek. Robert MrCor- 
niick was born in Adams County, Ohio, 
and when two years of age accompanied his 
jiarents, James McCormiek and wife, to 
I llinois. He grew up in that state and after 
his marriage bought a farm in ilcLean 
Ctounty, near Fairbury. That was the 
family home for seven years, and another 
seven years were spent on a farm five 
miles south of Bloomington. The family 
then moved to Champaign, Illinois, later 
to Kansas, but after a brief experience 
in the Sunflower state returned east and 
Robert MeCormick was for fifteen years 
a farmer in Brown County, Ohio. 

About that time Robert McCormiek and 
other members of the family engaged in 
the manufacture of wa.shboards under the 
name of the Standard Manufacturing Com- 
pany. After about six years, attracted 
by clieap fuel furnished by the natural 
gas wells in Delaware County, Indiana, 
they moved all their equipment and ma- 
chinery to Eaton, the pioneer gas town 
of the state. Under the same name they 
continued the business there until the ex- 
haustion of natural gas, when the concern 
moved to Albany. Here ilcCormick & 
Sons continued manufacturing, and with 
the I'ctirement of the father the name of 
the business was changed to MeCormick 
Brothers Company. They have carried on 
an extensive manufacturing enterprise, 
especially in making kitchen cabinets. They 
also have in their present output ten nov- 
elty lines of manufacture for household 
iise. Every month the firm ships several 
carloads of goods, and the distribution of 
their cabinets and other commodities have 
a wide range. How important the factory 
is to the Town of Albany is indicated by 
the fact that the weekly payroll is about 
$2,100. The plant occupies an entire 
si|uare of land, some of the buildings orig- 
inally having been purchased by the edm- 
])any and moved to this location. By the 
installation of modern machinery and other 
up-to-date equipment the plant is now 
one of the most complete and best of its 
kind in the state. 

Mr. 0. N. MeCormick is not only a good 
business man and manufacturer but a pub- 
lic spirited citizen of his home locality. 
He is affiliated with Anthony Lodge No. 
171, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 



is a member of the Christian Church, is 
an active temperance worker and a re- 
liulilican. October 2, 1902, in Elk County, 
Kansas, he married Miss Delia Young, 
daughter of Dr. B. F. Young of Kansas. 
Three children were born to their mar- 
riage, the two now living being Marsh 
D., born November 26, 1903, and Florence 
Alerie, born September 17, 1906. 

Arthur Fletcher H.\ll. Fort Wayne 
is the home of several industries and or- 
ganizations of prominence, and not least 
among these is the Lincoln National Life 
Insurance Company, of which Arthur Hall 
is vice president and general manager. 
Founded at Fort Wayne in 1905, the power 
of the organization represented in a great 
volume of assets, insurance in force, and 
modern liberal policies consistent with all 
the standards that have guaranteed the 
success and security of the best old line 
companies, all reflect the energy and pro- 
gressiveness of Mr. Hall, who has been 
general manager of the company from the 
beginning and is also its first vice president. 
Mr. Hall belongs to a well known old Indi- 
anapolis family, though he was born at 
Baxter Springs, Kansas, May 11, 1872. His 
parents were Truman and Harriet (Beeler) 
Hall, the latter a native of Indiana and 
the former of New York State. Truman 
Hall was head of a wholesale millinery 
business in Indianapolis when the Cixnl 
war broke out, and he enlisted and served 
throughout that struggle. After the war 
he resumed his residence in Indiana, also 
lived a time in Wisconsin, and was one of 
the pioneers to enter the old Indian Res- 
ervation in Southeastern Kansas where 
Baxter Springs is located. He conducted 
a livery and storage coach business at 
Baxter Springs and died there when his 
.son Arthur was ten months old. 

The mother then returned to Indian- 
apolis and Arthur Fletcher Hall grew up 
in that city. He attended the connnon and 
high schools, and at the age of seventeen 
went to work on the old Indianapolis 
Journal as a type setter. He filled all 
the places in the business office of that 
publication and in 1904, when the Journal 
suspended, he was the paper's business 
manager. For a short time he had a 
place on the business staff of the Chicago 
Tribune, and was also connected with the 
Bobbs-]\Ierrill Company of Indianapolis. 



1396 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



Much of the success he has won in the in- 
surance business has been due to the 
vigorous discipline and training he received 
as a newspaper man. Mr. Hall entered 
in.surance work as an agent and became 
field supervisor in Indiana for the Equit- 
able Life Assurance Society of New York. 
In 1905 he located at Fort Wayne and 
organized the Lincoln National Life In- 
surance Company. He is also a director 
of the Lincoln National Bank, a director 
in the Fort Wayne Morris Plan Bank, and 
many of his friends and associates have 
commented upon his energy and the en- 
thusiasm which he takes into evei*y enter- 
prise with which he is connected. He is 
treasurer of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, vice chairman of the building 
committee and was also captain of one of 
the two sections that raised the $300,000 
fund for the erection of the new build- 
ing for the Young ]Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation. He was also vice chairman of 
the Third Liberty Loan Organization and 
chairman of the Fourth Liberty Loan Or- 
ganization. Mr. Hall is a York and Scot- 
tish Rite Mason, and is past potentate of 
]\Iizpah Temple of the Mystic Shrine at 
Fort Wayne. He is vice president of the 
Chamber of Commerce and also member of 
the Rotary Club, the Quest Club, a member 
and past president of the Fort Wayne 
Country Club, belongs to the Columbia 
Club of Indianapolis, and has served as a 
vestryman of the Trinity Episcopal 
Church. Politically he is a republican. 

His home is known as Beechwood, one 
of the most attractive on the south side 
of Fort Wayne. June 5, 1897, Mr. Hall 
married Miss Una Fletcher, daughter of 
Dr. William B. and Agnes (O'Brien) 
Fletcher of Indianapolis. Doctor Fletcher 
was one of the most eminent physicians 
and surgeons that have distinguished the 
profession in Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Hall 
have three children : Arthur Fletcher, Jr., 
born in 1902 ; William B. F. Hall, born in 
1905 ; and Aileen, bom in 1913. 

Virgil Homer Lockwood has been a 
member of the Indianapolis bar for over 
a quarter of a century, and is one of the 
oldest and easily one of the first patent and 
trade mark attorneys of Indiana. He is a 
native Indianan, and outside of his pro- 
fession has done a great deal to promote 
charitable organizations and work, particu- 



larly those movements looking toward the 
amelioration of conditions affecting the 
children of his home eit.y and state. 

Mr. Lockwood was bom at Fort Branch 
in Gibson County, Indiana, May 6, 1860, 
a son of James T. and Juliett (Adams) 
Lockwood. The Lockwood ancestry goes 
back to England, and the Adams family is 
also of English lineage. James T. Lock- 
wood was born in Westchester County, near 
New York City, and was an industrious 
farmer, an occupation he followed for many 
years at Fort Branch. Indiana, where he 
died in 1899. He was a Methodist, a re- 
publican and active in temperance move- 
ments. His wife died in 1873. They had 
seven children, six of whom are .still living. 

The oldest: of the children is Virgil 
Homer Lockwood. As a boy he attended 
the little red schoolhouse of his native 
locality, graduated from the Fort, Branch 
High School in 1876. and acquired a very 
liberal education and thorough training for 
his profession. In 1878 he attended As- 
bury, now DePauw, University of Green- 
ca.stle, and the University of Virginia from 
1882 to 1885, where he graduated in law. 
From 1886 to 1891 Mr. Lockwood wa.s a 
general law practitioner at Detroit, Michi- 
gan. In 1891 he located at Indianapolis, 
and has since made a specialty of patents, 
trade marks and corporation law. He has 
never held a public office and has sought no 
honors outside his profession. He is a re- 
publican voter. Mr. Lockwood is a memlier 
of the Indianapolis, the Indiana and Amer- 
ican Bar associations, and the Chicago 
Patent Law Association. He is also affili- 
ated with the Delta Kappa Epsilon fra- 
ternity, is a Scottish Rite Mason and a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church. 

The interest that has engaged him chiefly 
outside his profession and home has been 
that of public organized charity. He 
helped establish the Juvenile Court of 
^Marion County and guide it during its first 
years. He also assisted in establishing the 
Children's Aid Association as an auxiliary 
of the Juvenile Court and was a director 
for a number of years. He also spent much 
time in alleviating the conditions affecting 
child labor and in promoting legislation 
to that end. For several years ]Mr. Lock- 
wood has been a member of the committee 
on relief and charities of the Indianapolis 
Chamber of Commerce, and for five year* 
has been a member of the executive com- 



I 



K 



^ 





INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1397 



mittee of the Church Federation of Indi- 
anapolis. 

On July 2, 1889, 'Sir. Lockwood married 
Miss Bertha Greene, daughter of Charles 
P. and Naney Greene of Indianapolis. Mrs. 
Loekwood, who died July 5, 191-4, won a 
high place among Indiana's progressive 
and public spirited women. She was sec- 
retary of the Indiana Child Labor Com- 
mittee for several years, and in that ca- 
pacity exercised an influence that extended 
throughout the state. She assisted in ob- 
taining better legislation for child labor 
and the enforcement of child labor laws; 
she was one of the founders of the Woman's 
Department Club and served as chairman 
of the Social Service Committee of that 
club and also of the Indiana Federation 
of Clubs for several years. She also helped 
organize the Public Health Nursing Asso- 
ciation in Indianapolis. Governor Ralston 
appointed her a member of the Indiana 
Commission for Working Women, and 
through that medium she undertook a 
broad and important service which was only 
interriipted by her death. She wa.s secre- 
taiy of the commission, and largely through 
her instrumentality the Federal authori- 
ties furnished several expert investigators 
of labor conditions among women in 
Indiana, and their investigations were car- 
ried on under her supervision. Her broad 
interests were not confined alone to the 
sociological field. For many years she 
made a close study of Japanese, art, gath- 
ered a fine collection of the work of 
Japanese artists and did much to popu- 
larize and increase the appreciation of this 
art by talks in different parts of the state. 
For several years she was a book reviewer 
for the Indianapolis Sentinel, and in 1893 
represented the Indianapolis News during 
the World's Fair at Chicago. She was also 
author of many club papers, and wrote 
many articles that were published in the 
general press. 

She was the mother of three children, all 
living, namely: Capt. Ralph G. Lockwood, 
born July 24, 1890; Ruth Greene Lock- 
wood, bom March 7, 1894; and Grace 
Greene Lockwood, born June 5, 190L 

On April 2, 1918, at Indianapolis, Mr. 
Lockwood married Mrs. Letitia B. Latham. 
Mrs. Loekwood was educated at Columbus, 
Ohio, and wa.s a teacher in the Indiana 
School for the Deaf until her marriage to 
Charles Latham, now deceased. She has 



for years Ijeen very prominent in the man- 
agement of the Indiajiapolis Home for 
Aged Women, of the Woman's Department 
Club, the women's work of the First Pres- 
byterian Church, assisted in starting the 
Public Health Nui-sing Association of 
Indianapolis, and the Indiana Women's 
Auxiliary of the World War Veterans. 

Ralph G. Lockwood graduated from 
Princeton University and the Indiana Law 
School and entered the practice of law with 
his father in 191.5. Ruth G. Lockwood 
graduated from Vassar College in 1915, 
and during the war was in the War Camp 
Community service of the L^nited States. 
Capt. R. G. Loekwood served nearly two 
years in the World war, and was in France 
more than a year and at the front for 
more than six months with the One Hun- 
dred and Third Regiment of Field Artil- 
lery, Twenty-sixth Division. He was on 
the Chemin des Dames front, the St. 
Mihiel sector, where he was iu several en- 
gagements, including the battle of Seicks- 
prey, and wa.s in the second battle of the 
iVIarne, starting at Chateau Thierry and 
continuing to the end for about three 
weeks. 

M.vRY Louis.v CriiTwooD. poetess, was 
born near Mount Carmel, Franklin County, 
Indiana, October 29, 1832. Her literary 
art was natural, developed by her own 
study. Her education was wholly in the 
common schools, but she had for a time 
the advantage of an unusually good teacher 
in George A. Chase, an easterner who 
opened a school at Connersville. He rec- 
ognized the girl's talent, and encouraged 
her efforts. Her first poem, published in a 
Connersville paper, attracted favorable 
comment : and in a comparatively short 
time she became familiar to literary Amer- 
ica through the columns of the Louisville 
Journal, the Ladies Repo.sitory, the Tem- 
perance Wreath — of which she was one of 
the editor.s — and other papers. 

The wide appreciation of her verse is 
evidenced by the tributes paid after her 
early death, December 19, 1855. In one 
from Coates Kinney, are the lines: 
"Why dead? 
Truth never dies. 
And love lives long; 
And the two were wed 
In her life of song." 

George D. Prentice wrote: "It seems a 



1398 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



mysterious dispensation of Providence, 
that the little amount of breath necessary 
to the life of a glorious young girl is with- 
drawn, while enough of wind for a blus- 
tering day is vouchsafed to the lungs and 
nostrils of the tens of thousands of the 
worthless and vile. 

The best available sketch of Miss Chit- 
wood is by Mrs. Sarah C. Harrell, in the 
Indianapolis Star of April 1, 1912. 

H.vRRisoN Burns. It is safe to say that 
the works of Judge Burns are quoted more 
often than those of any other Indiana 
author, for the reason that for a quarter 
of a century his Annotated Statutes of 
Indiana have been in use almost exclusive- 
Iv — successive editions appearing in 1894, 
1901, 1908, 1914 and 1918,— and without 
them it is impossible to transact legal busi- 
ness. 

Judge Burns was born in Jefferson 
County, Indiana, December 11, 1836, of 
a union of two early Indiana families. 
His father, Maxa Moncrief Burns, was a 
son of James Burns, a Virginian, who lo- 
cated in Jefferson County, on the site of 
the present village of Wirt, in 1814. His 
mother, ]\Iaria (Vawter) Burns, was the 
oldest daughter of William Vawter, who 
came to Indiana in 1806, with the first 
settlers of Jefferson County, and a niece 
of Colonel John Vawter, the Baptist elder 
who was the first United States marshal 
for Indiana. These early settlers were 
all Baptists, and were influential factors 
in the molding of Southern Indiana. In- 
teresting details of their wide family con- 
nections and personal histories will be 
found in "The Vawter Family in 
America," by Grace Vawter Bicknell 
(Mrs. Eniest P. Bicknell). 

Judge Burns lost hi.s mother when he 
was ten years of age. The familj^ was brok- 
en up for a time, and he lived with his 
Grandfather Vawter, near North Vernon, 
until his father married again in 1850, 
when he returned to the paternal home at 
Dupont, Indiana. He remained here until 
December, 18.51, when, desiring to see 
something of the world, he ran away from 
home and went to Louisville. For the 
next eighteen months he had a varied ex- 
perience with odd jobs, most of the time 
on steamboats, and in the spring of 1853 
returned home and went to work with 
his father as a carpenter. 



They built four houses at Dupont in 
1853, and in 1854 went to Louisiana and 
built a house for a planter, dressing all 
the lumber by hand. On returning to In- 
diana they removed to Tipton County, 
where Judge Bui-ns contracted a persis- 
tent case of ague, and finally left in dis- 
gust for a less malai-ial climate. He went 
back to the Ohio, and put in another year 
and a half steamboating. In 1857 he be- 
gan reading law at [Martinsville in the of- 
fice of his elder brother, William V. 
Burns — later judge advocate and captain 
in the Seventy-ninth Indiana Regiment — 
continuing with him until 1859, when he 
was made a partner. 

In Januai-y, 1860, he removed to Bloom- 
field, Indiana, where he soon made influ- 
ential friends, and that year was nomi- 
nated for prosecutor of the Common Pleas 
Court, without being a candidate, on the 
democratic ticket. The republicans car- 
ried the state, but Judge Burns was 
elected and entered on his legal eai'eer at 
Bloomfield, which continued for thirteen 
years, except for a detour to the gold 
mines of Virginia City in 1864-5. In 1868 
he was elected judge of the Common Pleas 
Court for the Ninth District (Greene, 
Clay, Putnam and Owen counties), and 
was re-elected in 1872, continuing in office 
until the Common Pleas Courts were abol- 
ished in 1873. 

In May, 1874, he removed to Indianapo- 
lis, where he was connected with the prose- 
cutor 's office in 1874-6, and in 1876 was 
nominated on the democratic ticket for 
judge of the Superior Court. In Septem- 
ber of that year he was appointed to the 
Superior Court bench by Governor Hen- 
dricks to fill a vacancy caused by the 
resignation of Judge Horatio Newcomb, 
and served out the term, but was defeated 
in the election by Judge Daniel Wait 
Howe, as was the remainder of the demo- 
cratic ticket. In 1877 he removed to Vin- 
cennes, Indiana, for a stay of five years, 
and then for two years was at Winamac. 
In 1885 he went to New Llexico as an as- 
sistant to George W. Julian, who had been 
appointed surveyor general, and aided in 
working out the land grant frauds in that 
region. 

On his return from New Mexico Judge 
Burns located at Indianapolis, and soon 
engaged in the work that has since occu- 
pied his time. While at Vineennes he had 



INDIANA AND LNDIANANS 



1399 



jirepareil an Index of Indiana Reports 
which was published iu 1878, with a sec- 
ond edition in 1882. In 1879 he had fol- 
lowed this with a Digest of Indiana Rail- 
road Law and Decisions, and an Index-Di- 
gest of Indiana Reports, which proved very 
popular with the legal profession. The 
Bobbs-Merrill Company secured his serv- 
ices for editing the Statutes of Indiana, 
and he has since had exclusive charge of 
this work, beginning with the edition of 
1894, as above stated. 

In 1896 Judge Burns published his An- 
notated Code of ^Missouri ; and this recalls 
that his first work as a legal author was 
in the preparation of the civil and crim- 
inal codes of Montana, which were adopted 
on the creation of the territory in 1865. 
His two law partners had been elected to 
the Legislature., During the session it was 
realized that they must have a code, and 
nobody had prepared one. A hurry-up call 
was made on Judge Burns, who made an 
adaptation of the Jlissouri code for them. 
As the session was far advanced it was 
adopted without amendment, and, with few 
changes, is still in force. In 1905 Judge 
Burns published his Digest of Supreme 
and Appellate Court Reports in two vol- 
umes, to which a third volume was added 
in 1915. In 1910 he published his Indiana 
Corporations. 

On :\Iareh 22, 1870, Judge Burns mar- 
ried ilary Constance Smydth, daughter of 
William C. and Lavinia (Carson) Smydth. 
She was born at Bloomfield, Indiana, Julv 
18, 1847, and died September 24, 1882. To 
them was born one daughter, who died in 
infancy, and one son, Lee Burns (q. v.), 
who was born at Bloomfield April 19, 1872. 
Judge Burns ha.s never lost his taste for 
travel, and usually takes a vacation from 
his quiet and confining labors by a trip to 
some of the southern states, where he 
studies history, geography and life at first 
hand. 

Lee Burns, president of the Burns 
Realty Company, was born at Bloomfield, 
Indiana, April 19, 1872, the son of Judge 
Harrison Burns (q. v.) and Mary Con- 
stance (Smydth) Burns. His education 
was in the common schools and as a spe- 
cial student at Butler College with the class 
of 1893. Before his stay at Butler he had 
entered the employ of Bowen, Stewart & 
Company, the historic book store of In- 



dianapolis, and in his varied relations with 
that e.stablishment and its ad.juncts, no- 
tably The Hollenbeck Press, there was 
ample field for the development of his ar- 
tistic and literary tastes. 

He developed in particular a knowledge 
of theoretical and practical architecture, 
which led him, in 1910, to organize^ the 
Burns Realty Company and launch in the 
business of erecting artistic and livable 
homes. In this he ha.s had notable suc- 
cess, a.s is evidenced by many of the most 
attractive homes in Indianapolis. 

Politically Jlr. Burns is an independent 
democrat. He served as a private in Com- 
pany D of the One Hundred and Fifty- 
eighth Indiana Infantry in the Spanish- 
American war, and as accounting officer 
of the United States Fuel Administration 
for Indiana during the late European war. 
He is a member of the University Club, 
Rotary Club, Dramatic Club, Contempo- 
rary Club and Indianapolis Literary Club. 

On June 5, 1907, Mr. Burns married 
Anna Ray Herzsch. They have two chil- 
dren, Betty, born June 6, 1909, and David, 
born May 10, 1911. :\Ir. Burns is the au- 
thor of '^The National Road in Indiana," 
which is published in Volume 7 of the In- 
diana Historical Society Publications. 

Julia Henderson Levering. This popu- 
lar writer was born at Covington, Indiana, 
J\Iay 5, 1851. Her father, Albert Hender- 
son, was also a native of Indiana, horn at 
Connei-sville January 10, 1815. He was 
of Carolina Quaker "stock, a son of John 
Henderson, who had been dropped "from 
meeting" for serving in the War of 1812. 
His mother was a descendant of Col. Rob- 
ert Orr, of the Revolutionary army, her 
parents having moved to Indiana in" 1811. 

Albert Plenderson was one of the active 
and earnest builders of the civic life of 
Indiana, and he was also a builder by 
trade, beginning his apprenticeship at the 
age of sixteen and following the occupa- 
tion throughout his busy life. He had in 
his blood the lust of the frontier, and in 
early manhood removed to the newly 
founded Town of Covington and later to 
Lafayette. Wherever located his influence 
was thrown for the moral uplift of the 
community. He was an active member of 
the Baptist Church, and an active worker 
in the causes of education, temperance, op- 
liosition to slavery and maintenance of the 



1400 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Union in tlie dark days of the Civil war. 
An eloquent appreciation of his life will be 
found in his daughter's "Historic Indi- 
ana," chapter 16. 

In 1844 Albert Henderson married Lo- 
rana Richmond, daughter of Dr. John 
Lambert Richmond, one of the most notable 
medical men of Central Indiana, and also 
a Baptist minister, of whom further men- 
tion is made in the medical chapter herein. 
He is reputed to have made the first Cae- 
sarian section in the United States. Both 
he and his wife were of old Revolutionary 
stock of New England and New York. 
Reared in a home of culture and education, 
Mrs. Lorana Henderson was. a woman of 
superior social and intellectual character, 
and the fine traits of both her and her hus- 
band are shown in their children. 

Notable among these was Charles Rich- 
mond Henderson, Mrs. Levering 's older 
brother. He was born at Covington De- 
cember 17, 1848; graduated at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago in 1870, and the Bap- 
tist ttnion Theological Seminary in 1873. 
He received the degree of D. D. from this 
seminary in 1885, and the degree of Ph. D. 
from Leipzig in 1901. He entered the 
Baptist ministry with pastorates at Terre 
Haute, 1873-82, and Detroit, 1882-92, re- 
turning to the University of Chicago in 
1892 as chaplain, recorder and professor 
of sociology, continuing until his death on 
March 29, 1915. He was editor of the 
American Journal of TheologA% and the 
American Journal of Sociology, and took 
a prominent part in the work of American 
and foreign sociological organizations, 
serving as president of the National Con- 
ference of Charities in 1888-9, and commis- 
sioner on the International Prison Com- 
mission in 1909. He published a dozen 
works on sociological and religious sub- 
jects, the most notable being his "Social 
Elements," (1898), which was used as a 
text book in Great Britain, and was trans- 
lated into Japanese. 

Julia Hcnder.son's school education 
stopped with graduation at the Lafayette 
High School, but her home education was 
practically unlimited, and it was only nat- 
ural that she became known as a magazine 
writer on educational, philanthropic and 
sociological subjects. Her most popular 
work, however, is her "Historic Indiana," 
in which she escapes " dry-as-dust " his- 
tory, and brings the romance and human 



interest of the state's story into full light, 
without sacrificing the accuracy that is es- 
sential to all real history. 

On October 2, 1872, Julia Henderson 
was married to ilortimer Levering, son of 
William H. Levering, a wealthy descend- 
ant of one of the oldest Philadelphia fam- 
ilies, who removed to Lafayette in 1853. 
]\Iortimer was born at Philadelphia April 
25, 1849, and was educated at Bedford 
and Molier's academies and Allen's Clas- 
sical Institute. In 1873 his father retired 
from active business, putting ilortimer in 
charge of his interests, and devoted him- 
self to religious and philanthropic work, 
among other services being president of 
the Indiana Sunday School Union for fif- 
teen years. The large responsibilities 
thrown on young Mortimer Levering stim- 
ulated his business capacity, and he be- 
came well known through his active inter- 
est in the State Bankers Association, and 
in the financial problems of the nation. 
He also' took great interest in stock-breed- 
ing, and served as an officer in half a dozen 
of the national organizations connected 
with that industry, his prominence in this 
connection causing him to be made a mem- 
ber of the Indiana State Board of Agri- 
culture. He also found time to serve as 
president of the Commercial Club, the Hu- 
mane Society, the Good Roads Club and 
the Home Hospital Association of Lafay- 
ette. A detailed account of his activities 
will be found in "Men of Progress," (In- 
dianapolis, 1899). He died December 1, 
1909. 

After the death of her husband Mrs. 
Levering removed to the East and now re- 
sides at Pelham, New York, when not at 
her summer home of "Devon," at Ama- 
gansett. Long Island. Her interest in her 
native .state, however, remains as strong 
and unselfish as in former years. 

Edwaed G. Hoffman, of Fort Wayne, 
was born in Springfield Township of Al- 
len County October 1, 1878. It is hardly 
possible therefore to say that he has 
rounded out his career. Yet his experi- 
ence and achievements before reaching his 
fortieth birthday would do credit to a life- 
time. 

Most of his boyhood was spent on a farm 
or in the environment of a country vil- 
lage. He attended public schools in his 
native township and Maysville High 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1401 



School, also studied at Valparaiso Univer- 
sity, graduating in 1900 with the degrees 
Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts, 
and from there entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan. He 
received his degree LL. B. in 1903. 

Mr. Hoffman began practice at Port 
Wayne tifteen years ago in the firm of 
Baliou, Hoffman & Romberg. In Febru- 
ary, 1914, he became a member of the firm 
Barrett. ;\Iorris & Hoffman, which in vol- 
ume and importance of practice is one of 
the ablest general law firms of Indiana. 
Mr. Iloft'man h:is .iIsd served as county at- 
torney of Allen Cduniy since 1906, and is 
one of the succ'cssfii! liusiness men as well 
as an able lawyer of Fort Wayne. He is 
secretary and treasurer of the Deister IVIa- 
chine Company, secretary and treasurer 
of the Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette Com- 
pany, and a director of the Tri-State Loan 
and Trust Company and its vice president. 

With all the substantial rewards that 
these relations in the law and business 
would indicate, Mr. Hoffman has had no 
incentive to enter polities beyond seeking 
an opportunity to sei've and benefit his 
community and state. While he has not 
been a candidate for public office, his name 
is now associated with the leaders of the 
democratic party in the state and nation. 
From 1908 to 1916 he served as a member 
of the Democratic State Central Commit- 
tee, and in the latter year succeeded Sena- 
tor Thomas Taggart as the Indiana repre- 
sentative on the Democratic National Com- 
mittee. He is one of the youngest men ever 
so honored. 

Mr. Hotl'man is a son of George W. and 
Anna (Stabler) Hoffman. His father 
was born in Germany in 1844, and was 
seven years of age when his parents came 
to America. He was educated in Ameri- 
can schools and spent his boyhood days on 
a farm. Later he was one of the first to 
develop the hardwood industry of North- 
eastern Indiana for the production of ship 
timbers, and for many years carried on a 
large sawmilling industry in Allen county. 
Later he was a farmer, and he died in 
1906, having lived retired for the previous 
five years. His home was at Maysville, 
where his widow is still living. By his 
first wife he had one son, Dr. Gideon Ploff- 
man. His second wife, whose maiden name 
was Ainia Stabler, luid also been previously 
married, and was the mother of one son. 



Henry Weicker, an Allen County farmer. 
George W. Hoffman by his second wife 
had two children, Edward G. and John C, 
the latter also a Fort Wavne lawyer. 

:\Iay 7, 1912, Edward G. Hoffman mar- 
ried Emily R. Hoffman, who was born and 
reared in Fort Wayne, a daughter of Wil- 
liam Henrj' and Maizie (Evans) Hoffman, 
both now deceased. i\Irs. Hoffman is a 
niece of Admiral Reynolds of the United 
States Navy and of General Reynolds who 
was killed while commanding a regiment 
in the Battle of Gettysburg, ilr. and 
;\Ifs. Hoffman have two children, Anne 
Katlierine, born December 26, 1914, and 
Edward G., Jr., born August 30. 1916. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hoffman are members of 
the Presbyterian Church, of which he is 
a trustee. He has attained the thirty-third 
supreme honorary degree of Scottish Rite 
Masonry and is also affiliated with the 
Knights of Pythias and Elks. He is a 
Sigma Nu College fraternity man, a mem- 
ber of the Indiana Society of Chicago, LTni- 
vei-sity Club of Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne 
Country Club, Quest Club and Fort Wayne 
Commercial Club. Mr. Hoffman has the 
bearing of the successful American busi- 
ness man, and it is evidenced that down- 
right ability has been the chief factor in 
his advancement, though supplemented by 
a very winning personality and the quali- 
cations of a true leader of men. 

James W. Lilly at the age of twenty- 
three, in 1885, became associated with 
Frank D. Stalnaker, another young man 
of Indianapolis, and as the firm of Lilly 
& Stalnaker they bought out the old-estab- 
li.shed retail hardware store of Va.ien & 
New. That was the beginning of a busi- 
ness record of which the Indianapolis com- 
munity is justly proud. Lilly & Stalnaker 
are still in business, though under widely 
different and increased conditions from 
those of thirty years ago. It is one of the 
largest Indiana houses of wholesale and re- 
tail dealers in hardware, and the reputa- 
tion and fortunes of their house have 
grown and prospered in all the years of 
its history. Their place of business has 
always been in the same location, 114-116- 
118 East Washington Street, but from a 
few thousand scpiare feet their business 
has gi'own and expanded to occupy an en- 
tiro building, and the annual total" of busi- 



1402 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ness lias increased from a few thousands 
to more than $500,000 annually. 

ilr. Lilly is a native of Indiana, born at 
Lafayette, November 10, 1862. He is of 
English ancestry. His great-gi'andfather, 
Rev. William Lillj', was a man of high 
intellectual attainments, was an ordained 
clergyman of the Church of England, and 
after coming to America, in 1794, was an 
active minister of the Episcopal Church, 
at tirst in Albany; New York, and later at 
Elizabeth, New Jersey. Rlr. Lilly's grand- 
father, also named William, was born in 
England in 1789. William Lilly man-ied 
Catherine Day, and they became the par- 
ents of fourteen children, the following 
growing to maturity: Samuel, Benjamin, 
Phoebe Ann, Jane, Charlotte, William, 
John 0. D. and James W. Of these chil- 
dren John 0. D. Lilly became a prominent 
business man of Indianapolis. 

The father of James W. Lilly was also 
named James W. and was bom at Geneva, 
New York, November 10, 1832, just thirty 
yeai-s to a day before the birth of his son. 
When he was a child his parents removed 
to Perryville, Pennsylvania, where he grew 
up and received a common school educa- 
tion. At Reading, Pennsylvania, he 
learned the machinist's trade. In the 
meantime his brother, John 0. D., had come 
to Indiana, in 1849, and became master 
mechanic of the Madison & Indianapolis 
Railroad, with home at Madison. James 
W. Lilly, Sr., joined his brother a few 
years later, was employed as a locomotive 
engineer, and in 1856 moved to Lafayette 
and became an engineer with the old La- 
fayette & Indianapolis Railroad, of which 
his brother John was then superintendent. 
In 1865 James W. Lilly, Sr., engaged in 
the railway supply business at Memphis, 
Tennessee. It was his intention to remove 
his family from Indianapolis to Memphis, 
but while he was in that southern city he 
contracted malaria fever and died at In- 
dianapolis, January 19, 1866, in his thirty- 
fourth year. At Reading, Pennsylvania, 
he married Mai-y Kerper, who was born in 
that city July 17, 1835. She remained loyal 
to the memory of her husband for forty 
years, and died January 18, 1908, at the 
age of seventy-two. Both she and her 
husband were active members of the 
^Methodist Episcopal Church. Their chil- 
dren comprised two sons and one daugh- 
ter, the latter dying in infancy. 



James W. Lilly was four years of age 
when his father died and he grew up in 
the home of his widowed mother at Iti- 
dianapolis. Besides the public schools he 
attended Butler College one year, and his 
first work was as a clerk in the Indianapo- 
lis offices of the Indianapolis & St. Louis 
Railroad, and the six years he remained 
with the company furnished him his busi- 
ness training and some of the modest capi- 
tal with which, in 1885, he engaged in a 
business career of his own. 

While the building up and executive 
direction of such a house as that of Lilly 
& Stalnaker have absorbed the most of his 
time and the best of his energies, Mr. 
Lilly is widel.v known in Indianapolis, not 
only as a business man, but as a public- 
spirited citizen. He has long been identi- 
tied with the Indianapolis Board of Trade, 
is a member of the Commercial and Co- 
lumbia clubs and the Country' Club, is a 
republican, and without political aspira- 
tions has sought to make his presence and 
activities a means of betterment to his com- 
munity. He is both a York and Scottish 
Rite Mason, is affiliated with Raper Com- 
mandery No. 1 Knights Templar, with 
Indianapolis Consistory, and in 1907-09 
was thrice potent master of Adoniram 
Lodge of Perfection. He also belongs to 
Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He 
and his wife are members of the First Pres- 
byterian Church. 
■ October 15, 1889, ]\Ir. Lilly married ]\Iiss 
Blanche Dollens. She is a native of In- 
diana, daughter of Robert W. and Nettie 
W. Dollens of Indianapolis. 'Sir. and Mrs. 
Lilly have two daughters: Julia M., born 
August 6. 1904; and Marv J., born Octo- 
ber 8, 1906. 

Lex J. KiEKPATRicK. Within the strict 
lines of his profession, and with no impor- 
tant public office except that of circuit 
judge. Lex J. Kirkpatrick has won many 
of the usual distinctions of the successful 
lawyer, and as such he is known far be- 
yond the limits of his home community of 
Kokomo. 

Judge Kirkpatrick was born in Rush 
County, Indiana, September 6, 1853. His 
remote forefathers were Scotch-Irish, but 
the Kirkpatricks have been domiciled in 
America so long as to retain few of their 
Scotch characteristics beyond the name it- 
.self. His great-grandfather, William Kirk- 




Mx,^. ^:§^ ^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1403 



patrit-k, was lioni June 8, 1776, and died 
July 13, 1860. John Kirkpatriek, gi-and- 
father of Lex J., was born in Kentucky, 
October 23, 1802. He was a pioneer set- 
tler of Rush County, Indiana, where 
Steplien Kirkpatriek, the Judge's father, 
was born February 10, 1832. Stephen 
Kirkpatriek was a farmer and horticultur- 
ist, and took up his residence in Howard 
County in 1854, and in 1871 retired to 
Kokomo. He married Rebecca J. Jackson 
September 9, 1852, who was born in Rush 
County Februai'y 14, 1834, daughter of 
Joseph Jackson, who was born in North 
Carolina [March 1, 1794, and was another 
early farmer in Rush County. The 
Judge's father died December 20, 1911, 
and his mother died April 19, 1914. 

Judge Kirkpatriek was the only son of 
three children, the other two having died 
in infancy. He attended the district 
schools near his father's farm in Taylor 
Township, Howard County, Indiana, and 
received his higher education by one year 
of study in Oskaloosa College in Iowa, in 
Howard College at Kokomo, dmnng 
1872-73, took up the study of law with 
Hendry & Elliott, at Kokomo, and gradu- 
ated from the Central Law College of In- 
dianapolis June 18, 1875. Ilis work as 
an Indiana lawyer covers a period of over 
forty years. He was associated in prac- 
tice with Judge J. F. Elliott, under the 
name of Elliott & Kirkpatriek, at Kokomo, 
until November, 1890. Judge Kirkpatriek 
is a democrat. Such was his personal 
popularity and his high standing in the 
legal profession that in 1890 he wa.s elected 
judge of the Thirty-Sixth Judicial Circuit, 
overcoming heav.v normal republican ma- 
jorities in the counties of Howard and 
Tipton, then comprising that circuit. 
Judge Kirkpatriek presided with impar- 
tial dignity over his own court and as spe- 
cial judge in many trials outside his own 
circuit until November, 1896. 

On retiring from the bench he became 
a member of the finn of Kirkpatriek, Mor- 
rison & McReynolds in December, 1896. 
This firm came to rank as one of the fore- 
most in the state in volume of practice 
and the importance of its interests and 
clients. Judge Kirkpatriek was again 
called from the private walks of the pro- 
fession in March, 1909, when, the Legis- 
lature having constituted Howard County 
the Sixty-Second Judicial Circuit, Gov- 



ernor Thomas R. :Marshall, now vice presi- 
dent of the United States, appointed 
Judge Kirkpatriek to preside over the new 
circuit. He filled the term until the regu- 
lar election and retired from the bench 
and took up private practice again Janu- 
ary 1, 1911, with ;\Iilton Bell, under the 
name of Bell & Kirkpatriek. Later Hon. 
W. R. Voorhis, now of New York City, and 
Judge W. C. Purdum became a.ssociated 
with the firm. The firm is now Bell, Kirk- 
patriek & Purdum. 

Judge Kirkpatriek has long been promi- 
nent as a member and worker in the Chris- 
tian Church, in the Young ilen 's Christian 
Association, and as an officer in the Chris- 
tian Endeavor. He was president of the 
Indiana State Union of that organization 
from November, 1893, to November 1896, 
and also a vice president of the World's 
Christian Endeavor Union. For twenty- 
five years he was superintendent of the 
Kokomo Sundav School of his church, from 
July 1, 1883, to July 1, 1908, this school 
then ranking second in attendance of all 
the schools of such church in the United 
States. 

September 22, 1881, he married Miss 
Emma Palmer, daughter of Stephen and 
Letitia (Saville) Palmer, of Adrian, Michi- 
gan, who has been a most valuable help- 
mate in his work. Her father was born 
in New York State January 29, 1824, and 
her mother in Wiayne County, Indiana, in 
September, 1826. Judge and Mrs. Kirk- 
patriek in addition to their Kokomo home 
have a pleasant winter home near Braden- 
town, Florida, on the ]\Ianatee River, near 
the Gulf of Mexico. 

Judge Kirkpatriek has for many years 
been vice president and general counsel 
of the Indiana Railways & Light Com- 
pany, and is associated with and legal 
counsel for a number of public utilities 
and manufacturing industries of Kokomo. 
He contributed liberally of his time and 
means to advance the best interests of the 
community where he resides. He is a mem- 
ber of the Indiana State Bar Association 
and also of the American Bar Association. 
He takes an active interest in the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and other industrial or- 
ganizations of his city. 

C. H. Bk \LEY. an honored veteran of the 
Civil war, is an old resident of Indian- 
apolis, and for nearly thirty years has 



1404 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



beeu the pioueer chiropodist and foot 
specialist of that city, rendering services 
that have beeu appreciated in correspond- 
ing degree to the length of his practice. 

He was born in Chester, Warren County, 
New York, June 18, 1847, a son of Josepli 
and Melvina (Ellis) Braley. The Braley 
family is of colonial American descent, and 
traces its origin in this country back to 
Roger liralej', who was in Massachusetts as 
early as 1696. Joseph Braley was born at 
Chester, New York, September 23, 1822, 
and his wife was born August 9, 1822. 
They married October 4, 1846. Joseph 
Braley died May 2, 1849, when his son was 
only two years old. 

The widowed mother afterward married 
again and took her only child by her fii-st 
marriage to Prophetstown, Illinois, where 
her second husband became a farmer. C. 
H. Braley ac(juired part of his education 
in the common schools of Troy, New Y^ork, 
and later attended school at Prophetstown, 
Illinois. As a boy he began work a.s a farm 
laborer, and one time worked six months 
at wages of $6 a month. In 1861, at the 
age of fourteen. Doctor Braley enlisted in 
Battery F of the Pii-st Illinois* Light Artil- 
lery-, and saw active service until the close 
of the war. He was in many battles, in- 
cluding Shiloh, Corinth, Lookout Moun- 
tain and the siege and operations around 
Vicksburg. At the conclusion of this serv- 
ice, a veteran soldier though still under 
age, he returned to his old home in Illinois. 
A few years later he and a great English 
traveler made a world's tour, visiting all 
the cities of Europe, and after his return to 
America Doctor Braley took up his resi- 
dence at Indianapolis. 

He has had almost a lifelong experience 
in the treatment of foot troubles, and was 
one of the men to give dignity and stand- 
ing to the art of ehii-opody, and \vas one 
of its first practitioners in Indianapolis. 
People have come from far and near to 
secure his services. He maintains a high 
class establishment in the Saks Building. 

Doctor Braley is a democrat, a member 
of the Indianapolis Democratic Club, and 
has done much to support his party. In 
LS92 he married Miss Mary Yess, of 
Indianapolis. 

Jonathan W. Gordon, lawyer, was born 
in 1820, in Washinsrton County, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was of Scotch-Irish parentage. 



The family removed to Ripley County, In- 
diana, when he was a lad of fourteen. Pie 
went through the common schools, attended 
Hanover College for one term, studied law, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1844. At 
the beginning of the Mexican war he vol- 
unteered, but was taken .sick at the mouth 
of the Rio Grande, and sent home without 
seeing any service. He read medicine, at- 
tended lectures at the Rush Medical Col- 
lege, Chicago, in 1847-8, and began the 
practice of medicine which he continued 
for two years. Dissatisfied with this, he 
came to Indianapolis in 1852 and opened 
a law office. Not being overburdened with 
business, he indulged in newspaper work, 
and was engaged as editor of The Tem- 
perance Chart, which was under the pat- 
ronage of the Sons of Temperance, at that 
time a very strong organization in Indiana. 
In 1853 he was elected prosecuting at- 
torney for Marion County, but soon re- 
signed to give attention to his growing 
practice. In 1856 and 1858 he was elected 
to the House of Representatives of the 
state, and in the latter year waa speaker 
at both the regular and special sessions. 
In this period he wrote some fair poetry, 
good enough at least to be admitted to 
Coggeshall's Poets and Poetry of the West. 
He was an omnivorous reader, and thereby 
attained quite a broad education. In later 
years, when troubled by insomnia, he used 
to keep a Greek Testament by his bedside, 
and pass his wakeful hours reading it. 

In 1861 he was elected clerk of the 
House of Representatives, but when the 
news came of the firing on Fort Sumter he 
resigned, and at a great public meeting was 
the first to volunteer. After a short serv- 
ice in West Virginia, in the Ninth In- 
diana Volunteer Infantry, he was ap- 
pointed by the President major in the 
Eleventh United States Infantry, and as- 
signed to duties in Massachusetts and In- 
diana until September, 1863, when he was 
sent to the front with the Army of the 
Poto'nac. In the spring of the following 
year he resigned, on the ground that his 
salary was not sufficient for the support of 
his family. He resumed the practice of 
law, and was soon engaged in the most 
spectacular case of the period, commonly 
known as "the Treason Trials." A secret 
society known as the Knights of the Gol- 
den Circle had been formed in Indiana and 
other western states, and had developed 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1405 



an ■' inner circle" with treasonable de- 
signs. Governor Morton had detectives in 
the organization from the start, who kept 
him informed of every move. In 1864 he 
had several of the leaders arrested and 
brought before a military commission for 
trial. Gordon was retained for the defense, 
and at once raised the point of no juris- 
diction. The courts of the state were open 
and unobstructed, and if any oft'ence had 
been committed the prosecution should be 
in the courts. This had no weight with 
the commission, which convicted the de- 
fendants, and sentenced part of them to 
death. An appeal was made to the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, but 
there was not time for it to be heard be- 
fore the day set for the execution. Gor- 
don ijrepared a brief. The question was 
one that went to the very foundation of 
constitutional rights, and he went to the 
bottom of the English and American prec- 
edents. He went to IMortou with his brief, 
and sought his aid in securing a postpone- 
ment of the execution. Morton examined 
it and said: "By God, Gordon, you are 
right. It would be murder to execute 
these men." He assisted in getting a re- 
prieve, and the case was heard by the Su- 
preme Court, which ordered the release of 
the defendants. (Ex parte Milligan, 4 
Wallace, p. 2.) Gordon's brief was the 
one used hy General Garfield in his argu- 
ment of the case in the Supreme Court. 
From that time on Gordon had employ- 
ment in abundance. He was easily the 
foremost criminal lawyer of his day in 
Indiana. He was also strong before a jury 
in any case, skillful in examination, and 
a forcible speaker. He made money, but 
had no faculty for keeping it. He was gen- 
erous to a fault, and very indulgent with 
his family. In consequence he was u.sually 
in debt and out of money. In his later 
years when broken in health, and too old 
to practice his profession he was offered 
the position of clerk of the Supreme Court 
by Governor Albert G. Porter (q. v.) who 
had been his class-mate at Hanover, and 
his life-long friend and accepted the posi- 
tion. 

Gordon was an influential factor in the 
republican party, from an early date. He 
advocated the nomination of Lincoln in 
1860, and was instrumental in securing the 
vote of the Indiana delegation for him. 
In 1872 he was a presidential elector on 



the republican ticket, and a member of 
the electoral college that elected General 
Grant. In 1876 he was the republican can- 
didate for attorney general, and was de- 
feated with his party. In this campaign 
he attracted wide notice by publicly refus- 
ing to pay the campaign asses.smeut made 
on him by the Republican State Central 
Committee. This was only an example of 
the resolute independence that he showed 
in everything. In his criminal practice he 
defended more than sixty persons charged 
with murder in the first degree, and only 
one of them was hanged. His success was 
in part due to his personal convictions con- 
cerning crime and punishment, which were 
not altogether in touch with ordinary 
American ideas. In 1856 he introduced a 
bill in the Legislature for "a system of 
criminal jurisprudence founded on the 
principle of compensation," but did not 
succeed in getting adopted. In 1882 he 
incurred much criticism by writing a pub- 
lic letter to the attorney general of the 
United States, urging, on purely legal 
grounds, that Guiteau was insane, and 
should not be executed for the assassina- 
tion of President Garfield. Gordon died at 
Indianapolis on April 27, 1887. 

William G. Smith has spent his active 
career at LaPorte, where the family was 
established nearly seventy years ago. For 
many years he has been in the ice business 
and is now an executive official in the lead- 
ing industry of that kind at LaPorte. 

Mr. Smith was bom at LaPorte, son of 
Louis Smith. Louis Smith was born in 
]\Iecklenburg, Germany, in 1825. His par- 
ents spent all their lives in Germany, 
where his father died at the advanced age 
of a hundred four and his mother still 
older, being a hundred five when death 
called her. Louis Smith and a brother 
who when last heard from was living in 
New York State were the only members 
of the family to come to America. He 
had a common school education in Ger- 
many and served an apprenticeship to the 
tailor's trade. In 1852 he came to the 
United States, where he was one of the 
early merchant tailore and conducted a 
successful business in that line for many 
years. He is still living at the venerable 
age of ninety-three, well preserved both 
mentally and physically. He married 
Sophie Iledder. who was born in Mecklen- 



1406 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



hurg, Germany. Her father, Fred Hed- 
der, was a native of the same locality, 
came to the United States in the early '50s 
and for a time was a farmer near LaPorte 
and later moved to the city and there be- 
came a carpenter. He died at LaPorte at 
the age of eighty-six and his wife w-hen 
eighty-five. They had one daughter and 
two sons, the sons being Fred and John 
Hedder. ]\Irs. Louis Smith died at the 
age of forty-nine years, the mother of eight 
children, five of whom are living. Her 
son, Fred, is a resident of Wliiting, In- 
diana, where he has been very successful 
iu business, being one of the organizers of 
the First National Bank of Whiting, and 
on the official board ever since. He is 
also a director in several other banks and 
industrial institutions. Charles, another 
brother of William G., went to Mexico at 
the age of seventeen in order to restore 
his health. As soon as he was able to do 
anything he was given a position in the 
offices of the Waters-Pierce Oil Company. 
In a few years he was promoted to assis- 
tant superintendent, later to superintend- 
ent of the company 's extensive interests in 
Mexico, and has been a prominent factor 
in the Mexican oil industry ever since. 

William G. Smith attended public 
school at LaPorte and at the age of four- 
teen started to make his own living as a 
farmer. Two years later he entered the 
employ of John Hilt, the well known La- 
Porte "ice man." He made himself gen- 
erally useful in Mr. Hilt's employ in the 
ice business, and has shown a great ca- 
pacity to conduct his affairs along success- 
ful lines. In 1902 with William Vogt he 
bought the plant, which had been incor- 
porated as the John Hilt Ice Company, 
and has since been its superintendent and 
general manager. 

In 1884 Mr. Smith married Jane Ver- 
nette Gage, a native of Salem, Michigan. 
She is a daughter of Joseph and Caroline 
Elizabeth (Holredge) Gage, both families 
being pioneers in Michigan. Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith have four children, named Norman 
Leroy, Zelma L., Marjorie and Florence. 
j\Ir. and Mrs. Smith are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

Hon. Ele Stansbury. From his old 
home at Williamsport, where he had lived 
for over thirty years, had practiced law, 
and from which town his services had 



radiated practically over the entire state 
as a campaign leacler in republican ranks, 
and as a local and state ofificial Mr. Stans- 
bury was called to Indianapolis to the du- 
ties and responsibilities of tlie office of 
attorney-general after election on the state 
ticket in 1916. 

General Stansbury is a fiue type of the 
Indiana lawyer and public leader. He was 
born in ]\IcLean County, Illinois, Febru- 
ary 8, 1861, his parents were people of 
moderate means, .and after the death of 
his mother, when he was fifteen years of 
age, he went to work and took care of him- 
self. Few men have won a harder fight 
for success and none by more honorable 
means, his career from beginning to pres- 
ent bearing inspection and investigation 
at every point. Out of his own earnings 
he paid for most of his education, which 
was finished in a literary sense in the Say- 
brook Academy. 

^Ir. Stansbury removed to Williamsport, 
Indiana, iu 1883. He studied law in the 
office of John G. Pearson, and in 1890 be- 
gan practice as a partner of J. Frank 
Hanly. He was admitted to the bar in 
1887, and in the same year was appointed 
deputy prosecuting attorney under Will B. 
Reed of Attica, and subsequently filled a 
similar position under James Bingham, 
who later became attorne.y-general of In- 
diana. As deputy prosecutor he gained 
at an early stage in his career an experi- 
ence that has proved invaluable to him 
in every^ successive stage of his advance- 
ment, "in 1892 and 1894 he was elected 
prosecuting attorney for Fountain and 
Warren counties, and this was the first 
time that the prosecuting officer had been 
chosen from Warren County in a period 
of twenty-six yeai-s. The able and mas- 
terly manner in which he filled the office 
gave him the reputation of being one of 
the best prosecuting attorneys the circuit 
ever had. 

During these and every subsequent year 
ilr. Stansbury- has been going over his 
home county, his district, and latterly over 
the state at large, preaching the gospel 
of the republican party and working for 
its success and the election of his friends. 
Politics is a hard and difficult game. It 
reciuires unceasing loyalty not only to 
principle but to party associates and or- 
ganization, and even then its devotees 
frequently fall by the wayside in defeat. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1407 



To tliese (Hialities Mr. Stanslmr.v has added 
so'.nething more, the ability of the able 
lawyer and a willingness to work consci- 
entiously and without regard to personal 
sacrifice for advantages and benefits that 
concern not so much himself as his party 
and the welfare of the people in general. 
That has constituted his strength, and it 
was such disinterested sei-^'ice that brought 
him to his present high honor. 

In 1900 Mr. Stansbun- was presidential 
elector for the Tenth District of Indiana 
and voted for McKinley and Roosevelt. 
In 1902 and 1904 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the General Assembly. During the 
1903 session he was chairman of the fee 
and salary committee. That was during 
the famous raid for the increa.se of sala- 
ries. In 1903 he took a firm stand for 
right and a square deal for the taxpayers 
of Indiana. In 1905 he was chairman of 
the judiciary committee of the House, and 
that put him in the position of floor mana- 
ger. He became author of several well- 
conceived acts of legislation. 

In 1907 Mr. Stansbury was appointed 
by Governor Hanly as one of the trustees 
for the State School for the Deaf, and by 
reappointment from the democratic gov- 
ernor, ^Marshall, he served eight years, 
being president of the board for the last 
two years. He was also a member of the 
building commission to consti'uct the 
Buildings for the State School for the Deaf 
at Indianapolis, and with his fellow as- 
sociates gave five years to that work, which 
involved the expenditure of nearly .$800,- 
000. 

For eleven years ^Ir. Stansbury was 
employed by the Board of Commissioners 
of Warren County as county attorney, and 
in that capacity he prepared all the con- 
tracts and bonds and looked after the 
legal affairs connected with the building of 
the fine new courthouse and jail and 
equipment at Williamsport. The old 
courthouse was burned in 1907, and the 
new buildings were constructed and 
equipped at a cost to the taxpavers of less 
than $105,000. It was a notalile case of 
efficiency and economy in the expenditure 
of public funds. 

In 1914 ]\Ir. Stansbuiy was nominated 
on the republican ticket for the office of 
attorney-general, and was one of the lead- 
ers of a forlorn hope. As he had done 
for twenty-five years, he went into all 



parts of the state, working and campaign- 
ing primarily for the party organization 
which he represented, and his personality 
and efforts were credited with a mea.sure 
of the comparative success which gave the 
republican state ticket that year 100,000 
more votes than in 1912. Then, in 1916, 
on the basis of real fitness and also a de- 
served political honor, he wa.s nominated 
at the republican primaries and was 
elected attorney-general with an abundance 
of votes to spare. The first term of his 
administration has abundantly justified 
the confidence of the voters. In 1918 he 
was re-elected, with the largest majority 
of any candidate on the ticket. Mr. Stans- 
bury is first and last a thorough lawyer, 
has for many years enjoj-ed a large prac- 
tice and has handled important and in- 
volved cases in which his abilities have 
been pitted against those of many of the 
best known figures of the Indiana laar. He 
has practiced in many counties outside his 
home county of Warren, and has been 
entrusted with much litigation in Federal 
Courts, so that he brought to his office a 
mature experience that could not but be 
reflected in the best of service to the state 
i.nd its people. 

Mr. Stansbury is affiliated with the Ma- 
sonic Order, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, is a 
member of the Columbia Club of In- 
dianapolis and is a man of gi-eat social 
charm and a wide range of interests. He 
possesses the gift of oratory, but his elo- 
quence has only adorned solid personal 
convictions and an exceptional flow of 
ideas that have made him a popular and 
insti'uctive speaker on many occasions out- 
side of political meetings and the court- 
room. 

Mr. Stansbury nuirried, in 1S88. ;\Iiss 
Ella Fisher. She was liefdro her marriage 
a teacher in tlic Williamspoi-t schools. 
They have two children, a s(m and a daugh- 
ter, both now married. His son is in the 
office with his father and the daughter is 
the wife of Frank T. Stockton, Dean of the 
Cniversity of South Dakota. 

Lewis E. Fadely. For about forty 
years the name Fadely has been a weil 
known and honored one in the business 
district of Anderson, its chief associations 
being with the shoe busines.s. A son of 
the founder of the business, Lewis E. 



1408 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Fadely is now head of the firm Fadely & 
Ulmer, who have one of the eligible loca- 
tions on the Public Square. 

'Sir. Fadely was born a few miles north 
of Anderson, at Alexandria, in 1879, son 
of J. F. and Sarah (Young) Fadely. He 
is of German and English ancestry, and 
the family first settled in Virginia. J. F. 
Fadely was born at ]\Iiddletown, Indiana, 
on a farm and came to Anderson forty- 
two years ago. He worked in the shoe 
store of Levi Thomas for several years, 
then for a couple of years with R. H. Wil- 
liams, and finally joined his modest capi- 
tal and experience with that pioneer An- 
derson business man, Major Doxey, mak- 
ing the firm Fadely & Doxey, shoe 
merchants, at 832 Main Street on the Pub- 
lic Square. He continued in business with 
Major Doxey for six or seven years and 
then bought out his partner and was alone 
until his son Lewis reached his majority, 
when the firm became Fadely & Son. 

Lewis E. Fadely grew up at Anderson 
and attended the grammar and high 
schools, graduating from the latter in 
1896. He then entered Notre Dame L"ni- 
versity and was graduated in 1901, special- 
izing in commercial law and general busi- 
ness courses. On returning to Anderson 
he entered his father's store, and the firm 
of Fadely & Son continued until February, 
1917, when J. F. Fadely retired from 
business and was succeeded in the firm 
by Mr. Ulmer. Mr. Fadely has various 
other business interests at Anderson, is 
active in the Chamber of Commerce, the 
Rotary Club, the First Presbyterian 
Church and is affiliated with Anderson 
Lodge No. 209, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. In politics he is inde- 
pendent. 

In 1902 Mr. Fadely married Louella 
Payton, who died in 1913, leaving one 
child, Sarah Jane, born in 1903. In 1915 
Mr. Fadelv married Gladvs Hughes, daugh- 
ter of J. M. Hughes. 

Alvin Thomas Kirk, of Anderson, is 
probablj- known to every farm owner in 
Madison County as proprietor of one of 
the largest farm implement agencies in that 
part of the state. Mr. Kirk grew up on a 
farm in Madison County, and has always 
followed some mechanical line of occupa- 
tion both in the countrj- and in the citv. 

He was born on a fann in Lafayette 



Township of iladison County, May 31, 
187-4, son of Sylvester and Mary A. 
(Thompson) Kirk. He is of English an- 
cestry. The first American Kirks located 
in Virginia and Kentucky in pioneer 
times. William Kirk, grandfather of A. T. 
Kirk, was a soldier in the American Revo- 
lution. Sylvester Kirk was well known in 
iladison County as a successful breeder 
and raiser of horses, farmer and proprie- 
tor of a saw mill and fence factoiy at 
Florida Station in Lafavette Township. 
He died in 1912. Alvin T. Kirk, during 
the winter seasons up to the time he was 
thirteen, attended the old Free School near 
Florida Station. For six years he found 
ample employment during the summer as- 
sisting his father in running the engine 
for the sawmill and fence factory. Some- 
think like a genius in the handling of mA- 
chinery opened up an important and use- 
ful service to him and for fourteen years 
he operated a threshing machine, clover 
huller and fodder shredder all over that 
section of Madison County. Coming to 
Anderson, Mr. Kirk was for two years en- 
gineer under Charles Urban in the plant 
of the American Tin Plate Company. He 
had active charge of two immense' 1,200- 
horse power Corliss engines. In the course 
of his work he met with an accident, one 
of' his legs being broken. After recover- 
ing he joined the Ames Shovel & Tool Com- 
pany at North Anderson, and was engi- 
neer for that plant seven years. 

At the time of his father's death he left 
Anderson, returned to the country and 
for two years operated a poi-table sawmiU, 
taking it from place to place about the 
country and sawing barn patterns and 
house patterns. He finally sold this outfit 
and in September, 1914, returning to An- 
derson, rented the site at 204 East Ninth 
Street, where he is today and opened up 
a stock of farming implements. He has 
done much to improve that location and 
from time to time has added new facilities 
and service. His main warehouse is 240 
by 80 feet. Mr. Kirk handles the famous 
John Deere farm machinery, is local agent 
for the United Engine Company of Lan- 
sing, Michigan, and is agent for "farm trac- 
tors manufactured by the Case & Water- 
loo Tractor Company. He also sells the 
^ladison automobiles. His territory of 
Inisiness extends all over Madison County. 
Mr. Kirk also operates a harness factorv, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1-109 



and is a stockholder in the ]Madison Motor 
Works and ilentha Peps Company. 

In 1895 he married Miss Florence 0. 
Dunham, daughter of James and Eliza- 
beth Dunham. Her people came originally 
from England to Virginia, and from there 
moved to Lafayette Town.ship of ]\Iadi- 
.son County in early days. Mr. Kirk is a 
democrat in polities. In 1917 he was can- 
didate for the city council from the Third 
Ward, being defeated by fifty-four votes. 
He is affiliated with Anderson Lodge No. 
131, Independent order of Odd Fellows, 
and is a member of the ITnited Brethren 
Church. 

Teacy W. Prophet, ilany of the 
brightest young business men of Amei'ica 
have been attracted into some branch of 
the automobile industry, and nowhere is 
the competition keener and nowhere does 
success indicate better all around qualifi- 
cations. 

One of Anderson's representatives in 
this business is Tracy W. Prophet, pro- 
prietor of the Anderson Garage, operating 
day and night service for accessories and 
general repairs. Mr. Prophet was born 
at Mattoon, Illinois, May 20, 1887, son of 
John and Martha (Foster) Prophet. 
When he was seven years of age his moth- 
er died, and two years later his father 
removed to the vicinity of Kokomo, In- 
diana, establishing a home on a farm. On 
this farm Tracy W. Prophet spent his 
years working in proportion to his 
strength in the fields and in the house and 
attending county schools until he had fin- 
ished the seventh grade. After that he 
began earning his own living. At Kokomo 
he found enployment in a glass factory, 
starting as roustabout and finally was run- 
ning the "la.vers, tempering glass." In 
1906 he left the glass factory to become 
a general helper with the Haynes Automo- 
bile Company at Kokomo, and in order to 
learn the automobile trade he was will- 
ing to accept for a time wages of only fifty 
cents a day. He kept increasing his pro- 
ficiency and for two years was assigned 
to the delicate and responsilili' imsiiidn nf 
repairing motors. Leaving Kukdiim. he 
spent eight months with tlie automobile 
firm of the Rider Lewis Company at ]Mun- 
cie, and in 1909 came to Anderson and for 
two years was with the Buckeye Manu- 
facturing Co.npany, in charge of its mo- 



tor department. After that for three 
years he was repair man for the Auto Inn 
C4arage. All this time 'Sir. Prophet was 
laboring with a view to the future, had 
exercised the greatest thrift in handling 
his wages, and his capital finally enabled 
him to purchase the Anderson Garag-e, at 
124 East Ninth Street. He bought this prop- 
erty on March 17, 1915, and in April, 1918, 
bought a home at 1224 West Ninth Street. 
He has been keeping the service of his 
garage up to the highest standard and im- 
proving the business in every department 
for the past three years. He now has seven 
men in his employ, and does the largest 
automobile repair business in the city. He 
also has the agenc.v for the Hudson and 
Dort cars. Mr. Prophet is a stockholder 
in the Anderson Corporation, the ^Mentha 
Peps Company and the ;\Iadison Remedial 
Loan Association. 

In 1908 he married Cecile ilcDaniel, 
daughter of Joseph and Hattie McDaniel 
of Kokomo. They have two children 
Mildred Rowena, born in 1912, and Wil- 
liam Russell, born in 1915. Mr. Prophet 
is a democrat in politics, is affiliated with 
Kokomo Lodge No. 309, Improved Order 
of Red Men, and with the Masonic order, 
and is a man of genial social nature and 
everywhere recognized for his unusual 
push and ability in business. 

Frank R. Brown has won a creditable 
position in business affairs at Anderson, 
where for many years he was one of the 
genial and capable officers in a local bank 
and where he is now sole proprietor of 
Brown's shoe store, a business which he 
has developed to large and important pro- 
portions as one of the principal supply 
centers for footwear in iladison County. 

Mr. Brown was born at Anderson, De- 
cember 11, 1865, a son of Henry C. and 
]\Iinerva (Guisinger) Brown. He is of Eng- 
lish and French ancestiw. The Brown 
family has been in America for genera- 
tions, and from' their original settlement 
in Virginia they gradually came westward 
until they found permanent lodgment in 
Indiana. Henry C. Brown, who is now liv- 
ing retired at Anderson, was a dry goods 
merchant there for many years, served 
on the City Council and is now a member 
of the City Health Board. Politically he 
is a democrat. 

Fi'ank R. Brown was educated in the 



1410 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



public schools of Anderson, graduating 
from high school in 1885, and then after a 
course in Eastmans Business College at 
Poughkeepsie, New York, returned home 
to take employment with the Citizens Bank 
at Anderson. He went into that institution 
as bookkeeper and remained there between 
sixteen and seventeen years, being pro- 
moted to paying teller and finally to 
cashier. In 1901 ]\Ir. Brown left the bank 
to take up the shoe business with G. W. 
Hewitt, under the firm name of Brown & 
Hewitt. At that time they established their 
store at 21 East Ninth Street, and some of 
his first patrons still find Mr. Brown at that 
establishment, where he has been continu- 
ously in business for over fifteen years. 
In December, 1917, J\lr. Brown acquired 
the interest of his partner and is now sole 
owner of a store which is largely patronized 
both by city and countrv' trade. 

In 1892 Mr. Brown married ^larguerite 
Clark, daughter of Alexander and Eliza- 
beth (Berry) Clark, of Anderson. They 
have one son, Robert R., born in 1897, and 
now a bookkeeper in the Farmers Trust 
Company of Ander.son. 

Mr. Brown has made a successful career 
for himself, and altogether by hard and 
earnest work and relying upon his own 
resources and good .judgment. He is one 
of the public spirited citizens of Anderson, 
is a democratic voter, is a Knight Templar 
Mason and a member of the Knights of 
Pythias and of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. 

Edwin D. Logsdon. of Indianapolis, is 
one of the largest individual coal operators 
in the state. The concerns of which he is 
the head produce an averasre of 7,000 tons 
daily. Twenty years ago Mr. Logsdon was 
operating a small retail coal yard in 
Indianapolis. 

His father, Lawrence Logsdon. who was 
for many years prominent in the life and 
aflFair.s of the capital city of Indiana, was 
born in Kentucky March 15, 1832, and died 
on his eighty-fifth birthday in the spring of 
1917. He was a great-grandson of William 
Logsdon, who came from Ireland in colo- 
nial times and settled in Virginia. Not long 
afterwards the family established a home 
in Kentuckv', near the old haunts of Daniel 
Boone. There for generations the Logsdons 
lived and flourished, and many of them are 
still found in that section. 



The late Lawrence Logsdon was one of 
the seventeen children of William Logsdon. 
He grew up in Kentucky, but came to 
Indiana in 1851 on account of family dif- 
ferences over politics, he being for the 
Union while the others were in active sym- 
pathy with the ideas of secession and state 
rights. On coming to Indiana he located 
in what is now a part of the City of Indian- 
.apolis. He split poplar rails and made 
fences at Beech Grove. When the old 
Madison and Indianapolis Railroad was 
built he became a sub-contractor in its 
construction and also helped build the 
Indianapolis division of what is now the 
Big Four Railroad. The means acquired 
by contracting enabled him to embark in 
brick manufacturing, ilany public build- 
ings and dwellings of Indianapolis contain 
material made in his brick yard. He was 
a very congenial spirit, and was every- 
where known subsequently as "Larry" 
Logsdon. When a boy he had only limited 
educational advantages, but this defect he 
partly remedied in later j-ears by extensive 
reading and close observation. Honest, 
sympathetic and thoroughlj^ just, he became 
the adviser of many and the court of ar- 
bitrament in settling neighborhood difl'er- 
ences. As is often the case his sympathetic 
disposition sometimes led to too much self 
sacrifice for his own good. He was a Bap- 
tist in religion and a republican in polities. 
Lawrence Logsdon married Catherine 
Denny at Indianapolis. Of their seven 
children two died in infancy and four are 
still living. 

Edwin D. Logsdon was born at Indian- 
apolis July 9, 1866, and acouired his educa- 
tion in the public schools of his native city. 
The first chapter in his business career was 
his work in aiding, in the eonstmction of 
the Belt Railroad. In 1894 he took up the 
manufacture of brooms, but ten years later 
started his retail coal business. ' This was 
the nucleus around which he concentrated 
his abilities, and with growing experience 
has risen frojn a small retailer to one of 
the chief producers of coal in Indiana. 

Mr. Logsdon at the present time is presi- 
dent of the following corporations: Peo- 
ple's Coal arid Cement Company, Indian 
Creek Coal and Minin? Company, S. W. 
Little Coal Company, Knox County Four- 
Yein Coal Companv. ]Minshall Coal Com- 
pany, and the Indianapolis Sand and 
Gravel Company. 




(\)C^^Ay\-^ /\y .'■yt^r::i/VC^'<^ — 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1411 



Mr. Logsdon has rendered much valuable 
service in republican politics and in city 
affairs. In 1899, 1901 and 1903 he was 
chosen chairman of the republican com- 
mittee for the City of Indianapolis. From 
1901 to 1903 as a'member of the Board of 
Public Works the city was indebted to him 
for the foresight and judgment he afforded 
in framing the present interarbau railway 
franchises, ilr. Logsdon is affiliated with 
the Masonic fraternity and the Columbia 
Club and the Maennerehor. 

October 10, 18SS, he married Miss Lillie 
B. Lynch. They have four daughters : 
Helen Lucile, ^Irs. Ray ]\Iacy; Marie Vir- 
ginia, Mrs. Earl W. Kurtze; Elizabeth, 
Mrs. James Hamlin ; and Catherine. 

Carolixe Scott Harrison, wife of 
President Benjamin Harrison, and first 
president-general of the National Society 
of the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, was boni at Oxford, Ohio. October 1, 
1832. and was baptized Caroline Lavinia 
Scott. Her father, John Witherspoon 
Scott, was descended from John Scott, 
Laird of Arras, who came to America in the 
seventeen century, and located in Penn- 
sylvania, founding a family of Presby- 
terians and scholars. Dr. John Wither- 
spoon Scott taught for fifty-seven years, at 
Washington College, Miami University, 
Belmont College. Oxford Female Semi- 
nary, Hanover College, etc. He married 
Miss Mary Neal, whose father, an English- 
man, was connected with the old Moymen- 
sing Bank at Philadelphia. 

Caroline was the second child of this 
marriage. She received an unusually good 
education for a girl of that period, and 
gi-aduated at Oxford Seminary in 1852 — 
the same year that Benjamin Harrison 
graduated at the university there. She 
taught music for a year at Carrollton. Ken- 
tucky, and. on October 20, 1853. they two 
were married. They removed to Indian- 
apolis, where Mr. Harrison entered the 
practice of law, and IMi*s. Harrison entered 
on the duties of home, church and char- 
itable work of the city. She was for thirty- 
two years a member of the board of man- 
agers of the Indianapolis Orphan's Home. 

Mrs. Harrison had an unostentatious but 
influential part in the social and literary 
life of the city, and throughout her hus- 
band's official life showed herself compe- 
tent for the emergencies of all social posi- 



tions : but never lost her interest in re- 
ligious and charitable work. She died at 
Wa.shington, October 25, 1892, worthy of 
James Whitcomb Riley's tribute to her: 
"Yet with the faith she knew 
We see her still, 
Even as here she stood — 
All that was pure and good 
And sweet in womanhood — 
God's will her will." 

A memorial sketch of Mrs. Harrison was 
published in 1908, by Harriet Mclntire 
Foster. See also sketch in National Cy- 
clopedia of Biography, Vol. 1, p. 135. 

Charles T. Sansberry. A foremost 
member of the Anderson bar is Charles T. 
Sansberry. \\ho was born in this city in 
1874. His parents were James W. and 
^Margaret (Moore) Sansberry, old names 
in the United States. The Sansberrys were 
of French Huguenot ancestry and they took 
part in the Revolutionary war from North 
Carolina and Virginia, and later pioiieer 
bearers of this honorable name carried it 
• to the Northwest Territory. 

James W. Sansberry, who became of 
great prominence in professional and pub- 
lic life in Indiana, came to Anderson in 
1851. He was born in Ripley County, 
Ohio, in 1830, and died at Anderson in 
1901. Possessing gi-eat legal talent, he 
soon became known in his profession and 
was elected prosecuting attorney of iladi- 
son County, and, an ardent democrat, was 
many times honored by his part.y and in 
an important political campaign was elect- 
ed to the State Senate. He was a man 
of force and character, and his memory is 
preserved in the county and state with 
others whose life achievements have been 
notable. 

Cliarles T. Sansberry attended the 
Anderson public schools, and later the 
iliehigan Military Academy at Orchard 
Lake. Michigan, and in 1893 matriculated 
at Waba.sh College, Crawfordsville. Indi- 
ana. For some time aftenvard he was in- 
terested in newspaper work and then 
entered the Indiana Law School at Indian- 
ajiolis, from which he was graduated in 
1898. 

Mr. Sansberry immediately entered into 
practice at Anderson and has remained 
here, and with the exception of assistance 
given his father at times has alwavs been 



1412 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



alone in the profession. He has met with 
much success and has satisfactorily handled 
some of the most important cases before 
the courts in recent years. 

In 1895 ]\Ir. Sansben-y was married to 
IMiss ^Maud V. IMahorney, who is a daug'h- 
ter of Alexander C. and Elizabeth (Ep- 
person) Mahorney, the former of whom is 
a merchant at Crawfordsville, Indiana. 
Mr. and Mrs. Sansberry have one sou, 
James C, who was born in 1897. He was 
a student of the Massacluisetts College of 
Technology at Cambridge, and at the en- 
trance of "the United States into wai was 
commissioned and remained in service until 
peace was declared. In 1905 he graduated 
from a Virginia military school. 

]\Ir. Sansberry has but little political 
ambition. He served as city attorney of 
Anderson from 1910 to 1914, but othenvise 
has devoted himself pretty closely to his 
professional and other important interests, 
one of which is his magnificent farm of 
400 acres, on which he raises blooded stock, 
making a specialty of Black Angus cattle. 
Many men of wide reading and intellectual 
pursuits take special interest along certain 
lines, and the fortunate visitor who is 
permitted to see Mr. Sansberry 's libraries 
and old records and look over his choice 
collection of relics and curiosities could 
easily be convinced that the pioneer his- 
tory of this state gives him pleasant hours 
of study. 

Jesse Hickman Mellett. "Within the 
last ten years the City of Anderson has 
enjoyed a remarkable period of growth 
and development. It will be recalled that 
Anderson's first great strides toward a 
front rank among Indiana cities were made 
closely following the natural gas boom of 
the 'SOs. After that subsided there was a 
period of more or less depression, but 
about the beginning of the present century 
there occurred not so much a revival as a 
permanent development so that in every 
successive year new industries have been 
added, and some of the best known in- 
dustrial institutions of the middle west 
- have their home at Anderson. 

It has been regarded as a matter of 
peculiarly good fortune that the head of 
the municipal government during the past 
four years has been a man capable of 
utilizing and directing the resources and 
influences at work toward a municipal and 



civic reconstruction of Andereon, corre- 
sponding in this department to the great 
industrial prosperity. 

Mr. J. H. Mellett was nominated for 
mayor of Andei-son in February, 1913. 
"With a substantial majorit.y he went into 
ofifice for the four-year term, and while 
it would not be possible to enumerate in 
detail all the achievements of the munici- 
pality during these four years, a few should 
be mentioned as an appropriate mark of 
credit to :\Ir. Mellett pei^onally. During 
his administration the municipal light 
plant and water plant were rebuilt at a 
cost of $250,000. The capacity of these 
public utilities was doubled, and by the in- 
stallation of a complete duplicate set of 
machinery the services practically guaran- 
teed continuity and its adequacy for all 
needs and demands. The Anderson of 
today is not the Anderson of four or five 
years ago, as occa.sional visitors to the 
city at once recognize. One of the con- 
spicuous improvements has been the crea- 
tion of a general civic plan, many of 
the items of which have already been car- 
ried out. Seventy-five thousand dollars 
have been expended in developing the 
civic center idea, the remodeling and ex- 
tension of city buildings, the lighting 
of the public streets with cluster light 
system, the establishment of tennis courts, 
gymnasium, playgrounds, and today the 
children of the city have four playgrounds 
in different parts of the city at their dis- 
posal. Mayor ^Mellett was directly re- 
sponsible for creating the new city boule- 
vard system, whereby Anderson now has 
ten miles of boulevard, connecting the busi- 
ness district with the outlying factory 
centers. During his administration the 
water system has been extended to the 
outskirts of the city. Besides the material 
achievements Mayor ilelletfs administra- 
tion has been distinguished by thorough 
though not radical or fanatical law en- 
forcement program. He has cleaned up 
the city and kept it clean, though he has 
not and does not pose as a reformer, and 
his policy has not always satisfied the theo- 
retical people who are committed to the 
carrying out of the present moral programs 
without regard to consistency or reason. 
On the whole his administration gave gen- 
eral satisfaction, and the best proof of 
this was that in 1917 he was renominated 
by a vote three times as large as that 



INDIANA AND LNDIANANS 



1413 



given to his opponent in the rival party. 
Mayor Mellett is a practical business man, 
and he took the mayor's office at a personal 
sacrifice, and was by no means personally 
eager to accept a renomination, taking it 
from a sense of responsibility. 

Mr. Mellett is a native of ^Madison 
County, Indiana, born in Pipe Creek Town- 
ship in 1882, a son of Jesse and ^Margaret 
(Ring) Mellett. The Mellett family is of 
French ancestry, the first of the name set- 
tling in the Virginia colony. In the ma- 
ternal line the Rings were of Revolutionary 
stock. Jesse Mellett, Sr., was for many 
years a successful school teacher, and was 
one of the early newspaper men of Elwood, 
where he acquired an interest in the Free 
Press and Leader and in 1892 issued the 
first daily edition of that paper. J. H. 
Mellett is one of seven brothers, and all 
except him have followed the newspaper 
profession and some have attained high 
places in journalism. 

]Mr. J. H. ]\Iellett attended the common 
schools of Elwood. also the high school, 
and as a boy found a place in a bake shop 
at Elwood, where he served a thorough 
apprenticeship at the business. For several 
years he traveled about the country work- 
ing as a journeyman, but at the age of 
twenty-one started a bakery of his own 
at Anderson. This business has steadily 
grown and prospered and today the J. H. 
Mellett wholesale bakery is the largest in 
the city and its goods and products are 
shipped all over the surrounding territory. 
]\Ir. ^lellett is also a stockholder in various 
other local enterprises. 

Politically he has always been identified 
with the democratic party. His first im- 
portant office was as representative from 
the first ward in the City Council, to 
which he was elected in 1909 and served 
four years, going from that office into the 
chair of mayor. 

Mr. Mellett has filled all the chairs and 
received the honors of the Anderson 
branches of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias 
and the Improved Order of Red 'Slen. He 
is a member of the .\nderson Club, the 
Anderson Country Club, the Rotary Club 
and Jovians Club. His popularity as a 
citizen has brought many honors within 
his reach, and recently he might have had 
tlie nomination for congressman from the 



Eighth District, but he was emphatic in 
declining the opportunity. 

In 1902 he married Miss ]\Iary Wallace, 
daughter of ]\Iorris and Honoria Wallace of 
Anderson. They have one daughter, Mar- 
garet, born in 1903. 

Frank II. Brock is sole proprietor of 
the Larrimore Furniture Company,, one of 
the largest concerns of its kind in the City 
of Andei-son. ilr. Brock began his busi- 
ness career in early life as a clerk, and by 
dint of much industry, careful study of 
business details and thrifty management 
of his own resources ha.s achieved inde- 
pendence and a high place in the civic 
regard of this community though he is still 
a man under forty. 

;\Ir. Brock was born on a farm near 
Springfield, Ohio, in 1879. He is of Scotch- 
Enalish ancestry. His great-grandfather, 
William Brock, came from Lincolnshire, 
England, in 1830, and settled in North 
Carolina. ^Ir. Brock's grandparents 
drove from North Carolina to Greene 
County, Ohio, in the early days. ^Ir. 
Brock is a son of Joseph H. and Rachel E. 
(Hutslar) Brock, both of whom are now 
living retired in Fayette County, Ohio. 
His mother was born while her parents 
were on the road from their old home in 
Virginia to Greene County, Ohio. His an- 
cestors acquired government land in Ohio, 
and the old homestead is still owned by 
the descendants. They were people of 
much enterprise and from clay on their 
own land made brick which entered into 
fb.e construction of a home of colonial 
architecture. 

Frank H. Brock was educated in local 
schools and in the high school at Jeft'er- 
sonville, Ohio, from which he graduated 
in 1898. The next six months he spent 
working in a general store at Jefferson- 
ville, and in 1899 came to Indiana and 
located at Warren, in Huntington County. 
Here for four years he was a salesman in 
the general store of W. B. Larrimore. In 
1903 he came to Anderson and. bought a 
half interest in the furniture house of 
W. B. Larrimore. He had made in the 
meantime good u.se of his opportunities to 
ac(|uire a thoroTigh knowledge of business 
and had also saved some capital. In 1911 
he bought the interest of his partner and 
is now sole jn-oprietdr. but continues the 
liusiness under the (ild title. He lias a gen- 



1414 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



eral furniture liouse at 21-23 West 
Eleventh Street, his stock and display 
rooms using three floors of the building. 
Mr. Brock has also acquired some real 
estate interests in the city. 

In 1902 he married Miss Helen Larri- 
more, daughter of his old partner. They 
have two children, Esther Ann, aged four- 
teen, and Joseph Hid3- aged nine. Mr. 
Brock is a democrat in politics, is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church, and is a 
thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason 
and a member of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. 

John Sherman Fbazier. One of In- 
diana's important industries now com- 
pletely turned over to the service of the 
Government in the preparation of food 
stuffs for the armies in the field is the Fra- 
zier Packing Company of Elwood. This 
is a large and profitable business, built up 
from small beginnings, and at first was 
exclusively a tomato preserving plant, but 
has gradually been expanded in the course 
of twenty years to include various prod- 
ucts. 

The secretary and treasurer of the com- 
pany is John Sherman Frazier, whose 
father, Oliver B. Frazier, was the founder 
of the business and now president of the 
company. Oliver B. Frazier married Jose- 
phine McMahon. The Fraziers are Scotch 
people who settled in Massachusetts, while 
the McMahons were early settlers in North 
Carolina. 

John Sherman Frazier was bora at El- 
wood in 1887, was educated in the public 
schools, and graduated from high school in 
1906. In 1901 he had begun working for 
his father and learning the business of 
tomato canning and packing. The Frazier 
Packing Company was established in 1899. 
In 1907 John S. Frazier was elected sec- 
retary and treasurer of the company. Un- 
til 1907 the plant continued to can toma- 
toes, but .since that year the production 
has been expanded and several well-known 
brands of foods have been made by the 
company, including the Frazier tomato 
catsup, ehili sauce, soups and pork and 
beans. Since the plant was turned over 
to the Government facilities have been em- 
ployed primarily for the canning of pork 
and beans. About 500 persons are em- 
ployed during the busy season and the 



plant extends over ground including some 
five or six acres. 

In 1911 John S. Frazier married Ruin- 
Morris, daughter of John H. and Rhoda 
(\YeIlman) Morris, of Rushville, Indiana. 
Thev have two children, Lydia, born in 
1912, and John Oliver, born in 1914. :\Ir. 
Frazier is a republican in polities and is 
affiliated with the ilasonie Order at El- 
wood, the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks and is a member of the First 
ilethodist Episcopal Church. 

The company has membership in the 
National Canuers' Association, and Mr. 
John S. Frazier was elected chairman of 
the catsup section of the as.sociation, an 
office he fills at the present time. 

William A. Faust is a merchant and 
business man of substantial connections 
and interests at Elwood, and for fourteen 
years has been junior partner in the well- 
known firm of Recorcls & Faust of that 
city. 

Mr. Faust was liorn on a farm August 
21, 1879, at Shively Corners in Rush 
County. Indiana, a son of William Perry 
and Lucinda (Lee) Faust. He is of Ger- 
man Pennsylvania stock. He was reared 
on a farm, had a country school educa- 
tion, and developed both mind and muscle' 
by the duties of the homestead until he 
was seventeen. He then started out to 
earn his own way in the world and with- 
out friends or money to back him has made 
steady progress until he might properly 
be said to have fulfilled those early ambi- 
tions. His first employment away from 
the farm was as a "gather boy" in glass 
factories, spending two years at Frank- 
ton and two years at Loogootee. He ac- 
quired mercantile experience by working 
as a clerk for two years in the house of 
R. L. Leeson & Son. About that time he 
sufl:"ered loss of health, and had to spend 
seven months recuperating at Los Angeles 
and vicinity. Returning to Elwood, he 
went to work for the clothing house of 
Beitman & Greathouse. He was with them 
three years, and then started in business 
for himself in 1904 as member of the firm 
Records & Faust at 119 South Andei-son 
Street. These men have been successfully 
associated in business now for fourteen 
years and have the highest class men's 
haberdashery and clothing store in El- 



IXDIx\NA AND INDIANAXS 



1415 



wood, and liave a trade from that city 
aud surrounding country and even from 
adjoining counties. 

Mr. Faust in the meantime has acquired 
other interests and is a stockholder and 
director of the First National Bank of El- 
wood and owns a farm of 150 acres three 
miles from that town. 

December 25, 1901. he married Julia 
Cline, daughter of William B. and Ivy 
(Ferine) Cline of Lebanon, Ohio. They 
have three children : William Byron, born 
in 1903 : Mary Louise, born in 1907 ; and 
Evelyn, born in 1917. 

Mr. Faust has long been a leader in the 
local democratic party in iladison County. 
He served as township trustee four yeai's 
from 1908 to 1912. He was also candidate 
for county treasurer on the democratic 
ticket and came within ninety-seven votes 
of being elected. In fraternal matters he 
is prominent, especially in the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles. He served as president 
of Aerie No. 201 at Elwood in 1917 and 
in 1918 was delegate to the National Con- 
vention of the order at Pittsburgh. He is 
also affiliated with Lodge No. 368, Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, Elwood 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias, and is past con- 
sul of the Woodmen of the World. Mr. 
Faust is a member of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

William Fortune. It was twenty years 
ago in 1898 when a hundred citizens of 
Indianapolis, headed by the late Benja- 
min Harrison, presented William Fortune 
with a loving cup inscribed: "To William 
Fortune from citizens of Indianajinlis in 
recognition of his services in promoting the 
general welfare of the city." 
. Considering the important services on 
which the presentation was based it is 
easy to understand the reason for such a 
public testimonial. The fact becomes the 
more noteworthy when it is recalled that 
William Fortune was at the time only 
thirty-five years of age. The young man 
who thus early was signally honored b.^- 
his fellow citizens has continued during 
the subseqiicnt twenty years to give the 
best of his energies and influence to the 
city and its in.stitntions, and in the prime 
of his years William Fortune has a power 
and usefulness that without disparage- 
ment of others makes him one of the fore- 
most Indianans of the present generation. 



He is a native of Southern Indiana, 
born at Boonville, Warrick County, In- 
diana, May 27, 1863, son of William H. 
and Mary (St. Clair) Fortune. Thi-ough 
his mother he is of French and Scotch de- 
scent from the St. Clairs of Kentucky and 
Virginia. His great-grandfather was 
Raymond St. Clair and his grandfather 
Isaac St. Clair. In the paternal line the 
principal names are Shoemaker and For- 
tune of English and German origin. 
IMany of the St. Clairs were slave owners, 
but the Kentucky branch of the family 
took the L^nion side. William H. Fortune 
was one of the first to enlist in Company 
A of the First Indiana Cavalry, and 
served throughout the war. In the sum- 
mer of 1865 he located at ]\Iurfreesboro, 
Tennessee, but soon met business reverses 
which caused him to return North. The 
boyhood of William Fortune was spent at 
Paxton, Illinois, and Seymour, Shoals, 
^Mitchell and Evansville in Indiana, and 
from the age of nine to eighteen at his 
native town of Boonville. 

It was through the avenue of a print- 
ing ofSce and newspaper work that Wil- 
liam Fortune came into the larger arena of 
life's affairs. In 1876, at the age of thir- 
teen he was apprenticed in the printing 
office of the Boonville Standard. M. B. 
Crawford, the editor, took much interest 
in training the boy as a writer. Before 
he was sixteen he was doing much of the 
editorial work of the paper. At the age 
of seventeen he wrote and publislied a his- 
tory of his native county. From the profits 
of this he was able to provide for the fam- 
ily, which had Itecome dependent upon 
him. 

The capital city has known him since 
January, 1882, when he began work on 
the reporting staff of the Indianapolis 
Journal. Old time newspaper men say 
there was nothing perfunctory or routine 
like in William Fortune's i-eporting. 
There are many facts to substantiate this 
reputation. His reports of the sessions of 
the Indiana General As.sembly in 1883-84 
were the cause of several rather dramatic 
incidents, resulting finally in an attempt 
by the democratic majority to exjjel him 
on the last day of the session. Enough 
of the democratic senators voted on his 
side to make -a tie, and the deciding vote 
of Lieutenant-Governor Manson was cast 
in his favor. A little later he succeeded 



1416 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Harry S. New as eity editor of the Journal, 
but resigned in the spring of 1888 on ac- 
count of ill health. He then founded the 
Sunday Press, with Mrs. Emma Carleton 
as associate editor. The Press had a high 
literaiy quality with some of the best peo- 
ple of the state among its contributors, 
but the publication was discontinued at 
the end of three months. 

The nomination of Harrison for presi- 
dent made Indiana the battle center of the 
campaign of 1888. As special representa- 
tive of several leading newspapers, includ- 
ing the New York Tribune, Philadelphia 
Press and Chicago Tribune, Mv. Fortune 
did some notable work as political corre- 
spondent. A little later he declined an 
offer of the position of Washington cor- 
respondent for the Chicago Tribune. From 
1888 to 1890 he was editorial writer of the 
Indianapolis News, then under the manage- 
ment of John H. Holliday. 

The modern era of Indianapolis began 
about 1890. There is something of a di- 
rect relationship of cause and effect be- 
tween this era and the activities of 
William Fortune. It was his destiny to 
become the leader in that new movement. 
With a keen and wide vision he saw what 
the city needed at the time, had the abil- 
ity to express it through the columns of 
the paper he was serving, and after the 
proper enthusiasm and determination were 
aroused he was well equipped to marshal 
and lead the forces to ultimate victory. 
While so much of what followed is a vital 
part of Indianapolis history for that very 
reason it is worth while to recall it and 
also to indicate the reasons which c'lused 
the prominent citizens of Indianapolis to 
honor 'Mr. Fortune as mentioned in the 
first paragraph of this article. 

Through several articles written for the 
News ]\Ir. Fortune directed attention to 
the extreme conservatism which then hin- 
dered the physical improvement and com- 
mercial development of the eity, urging 
incidentally the organization of the pro- 
gressive citizens to overcome this obstacle. 
The writing came at an opportune mo- 
ment, and elicited hearty response from a 
large ciixle of readers. Mr. Fortune had 
suggested that the proper organization to 
undertake the work was the Board of 
Trade. But when a resolution was 
brought before the board it was defeated. 
Colonel Eli Lilly was one of the few mem- 



bers of the Board of Governors who sup- 
ported the resolution. 

The board having declined the splendid 
opportunity, Mr. Fortune hastily sum- 
moned a meeting of business men at the 
Bates House for the following day. The 
twenty-seven men who attended this meet- 
ing became the nucleus of the Commer- 
cial Club of Indianapolis. It was or- 
ganized two days later with eighty charter 
members, and with Colonel Lilly as presi- 
dent and ilr. Fortune as secretary the 
membership within a month was a thou- 
sand. The important undertakings which 
marked the beginning of the new era for 
Indianapolis were projected while Colonel 
Lilly and William Fortune were officials 
of the club. Of course a description of 
those undertakings is outside the province 
of this article. Mr. Fortune was secretary 
of the club from 1890 to 189.5, tilled the 
office of vice president from 1895 to 1897, 
and was president in 1897-98. 

From his active connection with the 
Commercial Club there resulted a number 
of other issues through which Mr. Fortune 
has been a factor in the upbuilding of 
Indianapolis and the state. In 1890 he 
had charge of the National Paving Ex- 
position, the first exposition of the kind 
ever held. It convened in Indianapolis. It 
had been planned originally to interest the 
people of this city in gootl street pave- 
ments and to aiford them the opportunity 
of complete information as to materials 
and methods. However, the enterprise at- 
tracted such wide attention throughout 
the country that delefj'ates were present 
from many municipalities all over the 
United States. This exposition marked 
the beginning of modern paving in In- 
dianapolis, not to mention any of its more 
extended benefits elsewhere. 

Following this successful convention Mr. 
Fortune proposed, in 1891, that a system- 
atic effort be made to bring large conven- 
tions and meetings to Indianapolis. The 
plan was adopted, a fund raised for the 
work, and since then Indianapolis has fig- 
ured as one of the leading convention cities 
of the nation. He started a state-wide 
movement for good roads in 1892, as a re- 
sult of which a Good Roads Congress as- 
sembled in Indianapolis with delesates 
from nearly everj' county, and out of this 
came the formation of the Indiana High- 
way Association, ilr. Fortune declined 



INDIANA AND INDTANANS 



1417 



the presidency of the congress, Init his 
work in behalf of good roads was made 
the subject of a testimonial of the meet- 
ing. He took a prominent part in the 
Good Roads Congress at tlie "World's Fair 
of 1893. 

His executive ability was never more 
severely te.sted than in 1893, when he was 
elected executive director of the Grand 
Army National Encampment at Indianapo- 
lis. It was the year of the panic, and it 
was a difficult problem to raise money. 
The previous year the expenses of the En- 
campment at "Washington had been nearly 
$160,000. Of the .tl20,000 raised in In- 
dianapolis .'|!75,000 was appropriated by the 
city council. The Indianapolis Encamp- 
ment was conducted on fully as large a 
scale as at Washington, while the accom- 
modations for veterans were the best ever 
provided anywhere. At the close of the 
convention the total expenses footed up to 
only $63,000, and more than $42,000 of the 
city appropriation was returned and about 
$12,000 of the amount raised by the Com- 
mercial Club was left in the treasury. 

Mr. Fortune was a member of the com- 
mittee of three that had charge of relief 
for more than 5,000 unemployed in In- 
dianapolis during the winter of scarcity 
and hard times of 1894. Other members 
of the committee were H. H. Hanna and 
Colonel Eli Lilly. The "Indianapolis 
Plan," as adopted and successfully car- 
ried out bj- this committee, attracted wide 
attention among charity workers and be- 
came the subject of several magazine ar- 
ticles. It is described at length in a 
pamphlet entitled "Relief for the Un- 
employed." Food, fuel and- clothing 
were provided for unemployed people in 
need under conditions which eliminated as 
far as practicable the pauperizing influ- 
ences of charity. After worthiness had 
been established, credit was given at a store 
or market where supplies were obtained in 
proportion to the size of the family on 
credits earned by labor provided by the 
committee. A significant testimony to the 
value of the plan is that in the spring of 
1894 there were fewer people than usual 
dependent upon the Charity Organization 
Society. 

Another important distinction that be- 
longs to Mr. P'oi'tune is as originator of 
the Indiana State Board' of Cnnnnerce, 
which lie served as president in 1897, 



1898 and 1899. He proposed and brought 
about this organization in 1894. The State 
Board was composed of commercial or- 
ganizations of the various cities of Indiana, 
brought together for united action in ad- 
\-anciiig the public and commercial inter- 
ests of the state. The State Board, under 
the leadership of Mr. Fortune, inaugu- 
rated a movement for reforms in county 
and township government by separating 
legislative and administrative functions 
and establishing county councils and town- 
shij) advisory boards to levy taxes and 
make appropriations. Those reforms were 
enacted by the Legislature, and official sta- 
tistics showed that the first year of their 
operation saved the people of the state over 
$3,000,000. 

\iy appointment in 1894 :\Ir. Fortune be- 
came one of the original members of the 
Commercial Club Elevated Railroad Com- 
mission. Together with Colonel Lilly he 
spent many years in agitating the aboli- 
tion of grade crossings, and became chair- 
man of the commission in June, 1898. at 
the death of Colonel Lilly. It was in that 
year that the City of Indianapolis passed 
its first ordinance requiring track eleva- 
tion. Then followed a long period of liti- 
gation, application of legislative measures 
and the arousing of public opinion in local 
campaigns before the railroad corporations 
finally yielded this improvement. Even- 
tually the eity charter was so amended as 
to provide for continued progress in the 
elevation of tracks. Mr. Fortune was 
chairman of the commission from 1898 to 
1916. 

In 1911 ;Mr. Fortune represented the 
State of Indiana and the City of In- 
dianapolis in a tour of European cities for 
the purpose of studying municipal and 
commercial conditions. 

He was chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee in charge of the celebration of 
James "Whitcomb Riley's anniversary in 
1916, an event which brought many' dis- 
tinguished persons from all over the 
country to do homage to the great Hoosier 
poet on his last birthday preceding his 
death. Mr. Fortune was one of Mr. 
Riley's close friends, and they made a trip 
through Jlexico together in 1906. 

For many years :\Ir. Fortune found 
these varied public enterprises sufficient to 
absorl) all his time and energy to the ex- 
rlusinn of newspaper work, which he aban- 



1418 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



doned many years ago. However his con- 
nection with the National Paving Exposi- 
tion in 1890 suggested to him the need of 
a publication devoted especially to 
municipal improvements. With William 
C. Bobbs as business manager he soon 
afterward founded "Paving and Munici- 
pal Engineering," as a sixteen page maga- 
zine. This afterward became the 
j\Iunicipal Engineering ilagazine, the 
pioneer and recognized authority in that 
tield in America. He was president of 
the company which owned the publication 
and for a number of years was its editor, 
but sold his interest in the publishing com- 
pany in 1912. 

During the past ten years his business 
interests have been chiefly in the telephone 
business. He is president of the In- 
dianapolis Telephone Company, of the 
New Long Distance Telephone Company, 
and a number of other telephone compa- 
nies, is a director and chairman of the 
Finance Committee of the Eli Lilly & 
Company, and in 1908-09 was president of 
the Inter-State Life Assurance Company. 

In 1905 Mr. Fortune was decorated with 
the order of the Double Dragon by the 
Emperor of China, and at the same time 
the Mandarin rank was conferred upon 
him by the Chinese Emperor. With all 
his varied interests and activities it seems 
a far cry from Indianapolis to China, but 
this distinction was due to Mr. Fortune's 
personal relations with Won Kai Kah, the 
Chinese diplomat who established his 
home in Indianapolis while in America. 
Through this distinguished character of 
the Orient Prince Pu Lun was invited to 
become the giiest of Indiana and In- 
dianapolis for a week in 1904. Mr. For- 
tune was chairman of the general com- 
mittee in charge of the entertainment of 
the Prince and his party, which was one 
of the most elaborate and interesting un- 
dertakings of the kind in the history of 
Indianapolis. 

Through tlie Commercial Club, in 1902, 
Mr. Fortune offered a gold medal to the 
pupil of the public schools writing the 
best essay on the topic "Why we take 
pride in Indianapolis." This prize was 
afterwards awarded annually by the Com- 
mercial Club for a number of years. ^Ir. 
Fortune was the first president of the 
Indianapolis Press Club, organized in 
1891, was one of the organizers of the 
Century Club and its president in 1892, 



was for two years president of the Indiana 
Automobile Club from 190-4 to 1906, and 
is a member of the LTniversity, Columbia, 
Contemporary, Country, Woodstock, Athe- 
naeum and Economic clubs, and was presi- 
dent of the latter in 1917. 

Mr. Fortune has been at the head of the 
Indianapolis Chapter of the American Red 
Cross since its organization in 1916, and 
had charge of the raising and expenditure 
of over .1*600,000 in 1917 for war activities 
and relief purposes. In 1916 he was 
awarded the medal of merit by the 
National Council of the American Red 
Cross. 

When the Indianapolis Chamber of 
Commerce was reorganized in 1917 ]\Ir. 
Fortune was by unanimous vote chosen as 
president. His acceptance was made condi- 
tional on the raising of a special fund of 
.'^SO.OOO for new and constructive work. 
Nearly double the amount was raised. He 
continued a.s president throughout the war 
period, during which the chamber en- 
gaged largely in special war activities, em- 
liracing industrial training schools for 
soldiers and a war contract bureau that 
brought to Indiana a vast amount of war 
business amounting to many millions of 
dollars. 

At a public meeting of officers and di- 
rectors of the Chamber of Commerce, 
Board of Trade, Merchants' Association, 
Clearing House, Rotary, Optimist and 
Kiwanis clubs in April, 1917, 'Slv. Fortune 
was by unanimous vote chosen to take the 
leadership in an organization to raise a 
great fund for war relief and local char- 
itable and philanthropic purposes, and to 
have charge of the expenditures. This or- 
ganization took the name of the War Chest 
Board of Indianapolis. In a campaign of 
a week in the following month, partici- 
pated in by committees of nearly 4.000 
citizens, subscriptions were secured for 
approximately .1*3,000.000 from over 
10:3,000 persons. Jlr. Fortune has contin- 
ued at the head of the War Chest Board. 
He is also a member of the Executive- 
Committee of the national organization of 
war chests, cities representing about 
$70,000,000 of war relief funds. 

He has been at the head of organized 
movements which have raised more money 
by donation for public purposes than any 
other citizen of Indianapolis. Under his 
leadership over $4,000,000 was raised in 
Indianapolis for war relief and other pub- 




(g^i^^^^p^^c; 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1419 



lie purposes during the last three years 
of the great war. Among the notable 
events in the money-raising campaigns led 
by him he presided over the dinner at the 
Indianapolis Club in June, 1917, addressed 
by Stephen S. Wise of New York, where 
$200,000 was subscribed for the Red Cross 
— the record event of this kind in In- 
dianapolis. 

One of the important undertakings in- 
itiated by ilr. Fortune as president of the 
Chamber of Commerce came in December, 
1918, when he explained to the Board of 
Directors plans which had long been de- 
veloping in his mind for stimulating 
greater community spirit. He was asked 
by the Board to take the lead in cariying 
out his ideas, and this resulted in the en- 
actment by the Indiana Legislature of a 
law creating in Indianapolis the Commu- 
nity Welfare Board as an executive depart- 
ment of the city. This Board is composed 
of sixteen members who serve without pay 
and is vested with broad powers for doing 
anything for the health, education, safety, 
convenience, pleasure, welfare or benefit of 
the community, whenever the money there- 
for is provided by donation. Much in- 
terest has been evinced in other cities 
throughout the country in the develop- 
ment of the plans. The Board w^as organ- 
ized in May, 1919, and Mr. Fortune was 
unanimously elected the first chairman. 

November 25, 1884, Mr. Fortune mar- 
ried Miss May Knubbe, daughter of 
Frederick and Jerusha A. Knubbe, of 
Michigan City. Mrs. Fortune died Sep- 
tember 28, 1898, leaving three children : 
Russell, Evelyn and ^Madeline. Evelyn is 
the wife of Eli Lilly, a grandson of 
Colonel Eli Lilly of Indianapolis, and 
Madeline is the wife of Captain Bowman 
Elder. 

Oren S. H.\ck is one of the prominent 
members of the Indianapolis liar. With 
not more than the average opportunity, 
with qualifications that are the result of 
downright hard work and earnest purpose, 
Mr. Hack has acquired not only an enviable 
reputation in his profession but in the so- 
cial and civic life of the chief city of In- 
diana. 

He was born on a farm in ]\Ioral Town- 
ship, Shelby County, Indiana, April 1. 
1876. His grandfather and grandmother 
were natives of Germany and came to the 
LTnited States about 1840, settling in But- 



ler County, Ohio, soon after arriving. The 
father, John A. Hack, was born in Butler 
County, Ohio, and came to Indiana with his 
parents when about twelve years of age. He 
became a substantial farmer in Shelby 
County, and in that county he married 
Jane Smith, who was born there of an 
English family that came to Indiana from 
North Carolina. 

It was in one of the almost backwoods 
districts of the state that Oren S. Hack 
spent his boyhood and early youth. The 
bread he ate when a boy was sweetened 
with the toil of the fields, and the meager 
opportunities he had in the district schools 
merely whetted his ambition for more 
learning. In order to complete his higher 
education he had to pay his own way. At 
the age of seventeen he was teaching a tenn 
in a district school and for four years he 
was a teacher in the high school of Boggs- 
town, Shelby County. In intervals of his 
teaching he attended the Indiana Central 
Normal College at Danville, where he grad- 
uated Bachelor of Science in 1896. Two 
years were spent in the law department of 
the same institution, and he completed the 
course and received the degree LL. B. in 
1898. In that year he was admitted to the 
bar and in March, 1899, came to Indian- 
apolis, where he had the good fortune to 
become associated with Judge Leonard J. 
Hackney, a former associate justice of the 
Supreme Court of Indiana and now vice 
president of the New York Central Rail- 
road. 

While at Danville ilr. Hack maintained 
and provided for a club of students, and 
that enabled him to support himself and 
pay his college expenses. After coming to 
Indianapolis he continued the study of law, 
and in 1901 received his legal degree from 
the University of Indianapolis. He was 
associated with Judge Hackney until 1903. 
On January 1, 1903, he formed a partner- 
ship with Elliott R. Hoot en. The firm of 
Hooten & Hack for many yeai-s has repre- 
sented some of the best ability and sound- 
est learning of the Indianapolis bar and 
has enjoyed a generous share of the im- 
portant legal business of the city. 

Mr. Hack has also been active in public 
affairs, having served as deputy city attor- 
ney two years under the administration of 
]\Iayor Holtzman, and was deputy prose- 
cuting attorney of Jlarion Countv from 
January 1, 1907, to January 17. 1910. Po- 
litically he is a democrat, was formerly 



1420 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



president of the Indiana Democratic Club, 
and has become one of the recognized state 
leaders of the city. Mr. Hack is a Knight 
Templar ilason, is also identified with the 
Scottish Rite and with Murat Temple of 
the ilystic Shrine. He and his wife are ac- 
tive Presbyterians, and he has membership 
in the Contemporary Club and the Athe- 
naeum. 

June 16, 1908. ilr. Hack married .Miss 
Elizabeth Miller, a pi-ominent Indiana au- 
thor whose career is told in a separate ar- 
ticle. Mr. and Mrs. Hack have three chil- 
dren : Elizabeth Virginia, born in 1909, and 
died in 1916 ; John, bom in 1910 ; and Elea- 
nor' Miller, born in 1913. 

Elizabeth Miller Hack, of Indian- 
apolis, better' known to an ever widening 
circle of the readers and admirers of her 
literary productions mider the pen name 
of '■ Elizabeth Miller," has a reputation al- 
ready secured that places her high among 
Indiana authors, though hardly yet in the 
prime of her years, so that perhaps the best 
works from her pen are still to appear. 

Mrs. Hack was born on a farm in ilont- 
gomery County, Indiana, near the little 
town of New Ross, August 17, 1878. 
Through her father she has a commingling 
of English, French and Dutch blood, while 
through her mother her ancestry is Scotch- 
Irish and Welsh. She might well lay claim 
to being of Indiana ancestry, since no non- 
Hoosier blood has been added to the fam- 
ily line in 100 years. Her first Hoosier 
ancestor wa.s Henry Miller, who came to 
Indiana in 1S03. Following him came in 
1806 Dr. John George Pfrimmer. Doctor 
Pfrimmer was born in France and was a 
surgeon of De Grasse's flagship while that 
French officer was assisting the cause of the. 
revolting colonies in the struggle for in- 
dependence. Doctor Pfrimmer was a sol- 
dier, minister of the Gospel, doctor of laws 
and n jihysician. He was the first associ- 
ate jiisti.c of Indiana and founded the first 
I'liitrd r,i-.'tlii'en Church and built the first 
chapel of that denomination in Indiana. 

Mrs. Hack's parents were Timothy and 
Samantha (West) Miller. Her father was 
for thirty years connected with the railway 
mail service, and was a man noted for his 
kindly heart and generous hand. Her 
mothicr was one of the early newspaper 
women of Indiana. During her girlhood 
her parents farmed through the summer 



and taught school during the winter. They 
cherished the old time reverence for pro- 
fessions and in 1883 they brought their 
young family to Indianapolis to give them 
the benefit of higher education. 

Elizabeth Miller was then five years of 
age and was placed in St. Patrick's Pa- 
rochial School until she was of school age. 
In 1897, after leaving the Manual Training 
High School, now the Emmerich School, 
she entered Butler College. It was while in 
Butler that she began writing. Her pro- 
ductions brought encouragement from 
editors and from more than one author of 
international reputation living at the time. 

Although her work was mainly verse, she 
ventured upon a novel in 1901. This was 
published by the Bobbs-Merrill Company 
in 1904 under the title "The Yoke." The 
story proved popular and was followed in 
1905 by "Saul of Tarsus." In 1907 she 
produced "The City of Delight." These 
three books established her as a writer of 
Biblical novels. These books have besides 
their merit of entertaining tales and of fin- 
ished literary style a value as commen- 
taries. 

It was soon after the publication of the 
last w'ork that she married in 1908 ilr. 
Oren S. Hack, one of the prominent mem- 
bers of the Indianapolis bar. Mrs. Hack is 
the mother of three children. She is do- 
mestic in tastes, lives simply, and has none 
of the traditional marks of the feminine 
blue stocking. She has been a devoted 
mother and outside of her books her fa- 
vorite pastime is the cultivation of flowers. 
Her home is at 2239 Broadway, but she 
spends her summers in her typical Hoosier 
farmhouse on her husband's farm of sev- 
eral hundred acres in Shelby County. 

In 1915 ]\Irs. Hack brought out another 
novel "Daybreak," issued from the house 
of Scribner. This is a story of the age of 
discovery, dealing with the voyage of Co- 
lumbus. It, has found especially high fa- 
vor among educational circles, and "Da.y- 
break" has already been incoi'porated in 
school supplementary reading in many 
parts of the United States. 

Mrs. Hack is a member of the Contem- 
porary Club, the Woman's Press Club of 
Indiana, Inter Nos, of which she is presi- 
dent : and the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority. 
She is a member of the First Pi-esbyterian 
Church of Indianapolis and in polities, a 
republican. 



INDIANA AND INDIAXAXS 



1421 



Ojier ilADisoN Kem, Congressman from 
Nebraska, was born in Wayne County, In- 
diana. November 13, 1855, and received his 
education in the common schools. In 1882 
lie removed to Custer County, Nebraska, 
where he engaj;ced in farming. He joined 
the Independent Republican movement of 
that state in support of the free coinage of 
silver, and entered politics in 1890 as dep- 
uty treasurer of Custer County. In the 
same year he was elected to Congress, as 
a colleague of William Jennings Bryan, 
and was re-elected in 1892 and 189-1:. He 
was a forcible speaker, and frequently 
spoke in Congress on economic topics. 
After the free coinage defeat of 1896. he 
removed to a farm near Montrose, Colo- 
rado, and engaged in fruit-growing. 

Edward Alvador DeMent has been 
through all the branches and grades of 
responsibility in the clothing business, has 
held some important offices, and is now 
general manager of the Anderson branch 
of the Greenwald corporation, one of the 
largest houses specializing in men's and 
boys' clothing, hats and furnishing goods 
in the country. The Anderson store is lo- 
cated on the Public Square and has been 
one of the reliable establishments in this 
city for a number of years. 

ilr. DeAIent was born on a farm at West 
Union in Brown County. Ohio, in 1885, a 
son of Isaac and Anna (Liggett) DeMent. 
He is of English and French stock. His 
grandfather, Isaac De^Ient. came to 
America from Marseilles, France, being ac- 
companied by his brother Jacob. Isaac set- 
tled in Brown County, Ohio, where his pio- 
neer industry cleared up a farm out of the 
woods. 

Edward A. De]\Ient had his early train- 
ing in a log cabin country scliool in 
Brown Count.v, and only during a few 
months each winter. When he was nine 
years of age his parents moved to Cincin- 
nati, and there he had the superior ad- 
vantages of the city public schools. At the 
age of sixteen he got his first job in a drug 
store, helping around in different services 
for five years. He then went to clerk in 
the clothing store of Samuel Sinnnons Com- 
pany at Cincinnati, and while there sold 
goods, trimmed windows, wrote cards and 
made himself generally useful for a year. 
His next location was at Dayton, Ohio, 
where he did similar work for ]\Ioses Cohen 
Company. With the Willners Brothers of 

Vol. Ill— 14 



Dayton he was put in charge of the hat 
department, and after three weeks was pro- 
moted to window trimmer and floor mana- 
ger, at the end of three months became 
assistant manager of the business, and was 
with that large firm for two years. He 
next became a.ssistant manager for Elder, 
Johnson & Company, with whom he re- 
mained three years. Returning to Cin- 
cinnati, ilr. De^Ient was manager and 
Iniyer for the men and boys' clothing and 
furnishings store in that cit.v owned and 
operated by the H. B. Claflin syndicate of 
New York. A year and a half later he 
left Cincinnati and on December 1, 1917, 
became local manager of the Anderson 
branch of the Greenwald Outfitting Com- 
pany. 

;\Ir. DeMent married Florence Dankel, 
daughter of Fred and Mary (Eberhardt) 
Dankel, of Cincinnati. Her father was at 
one time a successful merchant in that city 
and was also prominent as a public offi- 
cial. He i-esided at Norwood, a suburban 
town of Cincinnati, and for eleven years 
was in the postal service and at the' time 
of his death was superintendent of streets 
of Norwood. Mr. and Mrs. De^Ient have 
two children: Russell William, liorn No- 
vendser 26, 1909, and Vera Jane, born 
April 29, 1912. 

Mr. DeMent is independent in politics. 
He is affiliated with the JIasonic Lodge at 
Cincinnati, is also a Scottish Rite Mason 
and a member of the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles at Dayton, Ohio. He is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

Rev. John R. Quixla.v has been an or- 
.ganizing factor in the history of the Catho- 
lic Church in Northern Indiana for more 
than a cpiarter of a century, most of his 
activities centering around" Fort Wayne, 
where he is now and for a number of years 
has been rector of the Cathedral. 

He was born at Valparaiso, Indiana, 
April 19, 1858, son of Jlichael and Hannah 
(Shanahan) Quinlan. His parents were 
Iwth born in Ireland and were brought to 
this country when children. They married 
in Valparaiso, and Michael Quinlan was 
for a number of years a foreman in the 
construction of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne 
and Chicago Railroad. In 1861 he enlLsted 
in the United States regular army at 
Chicago, and as a soldier saw and partici- 
pated in some of the hardest fighting of 
the war. He was in the battles of Shiloh 



1422 



INDIAXA AND IXDIAXAXS 



Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain and many 
others. At the close of the war he re- 
ceived an honorable discharge, and soon 
returned to Valparaiso, where he married 
a second wife. He spent his last years 
as a farmer in Kansas, and died in that 
state in 1905, at the age of seventy-eight. 

Father Quinlan was only two "years of 
age when his mother died. He attended 
the parochial schools of Valparaiso, took 
his classical course in St. Francis Semi- 
nary near ililwaukee and graduated in 
1890. He was ordained a priest June 22, 
1890, said his first mass on the 29th of 
June, and on July 4th arrived at Fort 
Wayne, where he was appointed by Bishop 
Dwenger as assistant pastor of the Cathe- 
dral. He was busied with the duties of 
that office for eight years. In 1898 he was 
transferred to Huntington, Indiana, and 
there estalilished St. Mary's Parish. His 
work at Huntington was thoroughlv con- 
structive. He built a brick church, school- 
house, a pastoral residence and Sisters' 
home, and did all this and kept the parish 
growing for a period of 3i,4 vears. 
March 10, 1901, he was recalled' to" Fort 
Wayne and made rector of the Cathedral. 
But strenuous devotion to his duties had 
seriously undermined his health and after 
six months he suffered a complete break- 
down and was given a temporary relief 
from duty. Later he returned to Hunt- 
ington and remained in that citv until 
July 6, 1910. At that date he resumed 
his duties as rector of the Cathedral at 
Fort Wayne, and is now in the ninth con- 
secutive year of his service in that position. 

John Morris, who began practice at 
Fort Wayne thirty years ago, has helped 
further to honor the profession which in 
the person of his father, the late Judge 
John Morris, had one of its most distin- 
guished members in Indiana. 

Three years after Judge Morris located 
at Fort Wayne his son John was born, 
March 24, 1860. :\Ir. Morris spent his 
early years in the Fort Wayne public 
schools, and was a member of the class of 
1883 of the University of Michigan. His 
law studies were largely directed by his 
father and Judge William H. Coombs for 
three years. In June, 1886, after his ad- 
mission to the bar, he formed a partner- 
ship with Charles H. Worden and they 
were associated until May 22, 1893, when 
Mr. Morris and William P. Breen estab- 



lished the firm of Breen & Morris, now 
one of the oldest as well as one of the 
strongest professional alliances in Fort 
Wayne. From 1889 to 1893 Mr. IMorris 
was also deputy clerk of the United States 
Court. In 1904 ]\Ir. Morris was chosen 
as delegate from Indiana to the Interna- 
tional Congress of Lawyers and Jurists at 
St. Louis. He is a director of the People's 
Trust & Savings Association and has man.v 
other interests that identify him with his 
home city and state. 

^Ir. ]\Iorris is a stanch republican. He 
is a member of the Allen County and In- 
diana Bar associations and the American 
Law Association. He is a Scottish Rite 
Mason, an Elk and a member of the Colum- 
bia Club of Indianapolis, the Fort Wayne 
Commercial Club and the Fort Wayne 
Country Club. 

Judge John Morris. Of Indiana law- 
yers who exemplified the rule that the law 
is a profession and not a trade, the late 
Judge John [Morris so distinguished his 
practice and embodiment of the rule that 
his example might well be studied and 
emulated by every lawj-er in the state. 

Sixty years ago he located at Fort 
Wayne, and from that city his skill and 
abilities as an attorney and his lofty and 
high minded character spread its influence 
over all of Xorthern Indiana. His life 
was as long as it was noble. He was born 
in Columbiana County, Ohio, December 
6, 1816, and died at Fort Wayne in 1905, 
at the age of eighty-eight. His life proved 
among other things the value of good in- 
heritance. His ancestors were long lived, 
sturdy, upright stock, and most of them 
of the Quaker faith. His gi-eat-grand- 
father, Jenkins Morris, was a naval en- 
gineer, and during the latter part of the 
eighteenth century came from Wales and 
settled in Loudoun County, Virginia. He 
acquired large tracts of land, and lived 
by selling portions of it as his necessities 
required. His son John ilorris accom- 
plished one of those stages so familiar in 
the progress of the American people west- 
ward, and in 1801 moved to Columbiana 
County, Ohio, and became a farmer. Some 
of his original land is still owned by the 
family, and on the old farm were born 
his children and the children of his sou 
Jonathan. Jonathan Morris was the father 
of Judge ]Morris. Jonathan Morris' moth- 
er, Sarah Triby, was in point of years 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1423 



of long life the most notalile of Judge 
Morris' ancestors. She was born ]\Iay 9, 
1744, and died April 15, 1846, when nearly 
102 years of age. Judge Morris' maternal 
grandmother died in her ninety-sixth 
year. Jonathan ]\Iorris married Sarah 
Snider, who was of German descent, though 
the Sniders had come in 1799 to Colum- 
biana County, Ohio. 

John Jlorris, fourth in the family of 
twelve children, lived on his father's farm 
to the age of fifteen. During the winter 
months he attended the Quaker schools in 
the neighborhood and then went to Rich- 
mond, Indiana, and spent three years study- 
ing history, natural philosophy and mathe- 
matics at the Quaker Academy. The next 
three years were passed at New Lisbon in 
Columbiana County, where he worked at 
the trade of millwright with his friend. 
Dr. J. E. Hendricks, afterward a well 
known mathematician and author of the 
"Annalist," a mathematical work in ten 
volumes, "\^^^ile working he and his friend 
studied literature and mathematics under 
Abijah ilcClain and Jesse Underwood. 

While teaching school in the winter 
months John ^lorris at the age of twenty- 
one began to study law under William D. 
Ewing, then one of the prominent members 
of the Ohio Bar. At twenty-four he was 
examined for admission to the bar by two 
.iudges of the Ohio Supreme Court and 
in the presence of many local and visiting 
lawyers at New Lisbon. One of those who 
assisted in conducting the examination was 
Edwin i\I. Stanton, afterward a member 
of Lincoln's cabinet, and still another was 
David Tod, afterward governor of Ohio. 
That his (|ualifications were above the ordi- 
nary is evident in the fact that inuuediately 
after his admission to the bar he was oiitered 
a partnership by Hiram Griswold, one of 
the defenders of John Brown. But he 
accepted this partnership for only a brief 
time, and in 1844 sought the superior op- 
portunities of the new towns in Indiana 
aiul with his friend Hendricks began prac- 
tice at Auburn, Indiana. Judge Jlorris 
in 1852 was candidate for .judge of the 
Common Pleas Court for DeKalb and Steu- 
ben counties, and was elected over his 
democratic opponent in a strongly demo- 
cratic district. 

Judge ]\Iorris came to Fort Wayne in 
1857, at the invitation of Charles Case, 
and entered the firm of Case, ^Morris & 
Withers. While at Auliurn he had become 



aciiuainted with James L. Worden, and 
theirs was a beautiful friendship lasting 
in singular purity and strength until the 
death of 'Sir. Worden. A few years later 
Charles Case was elected a member of 
Congress. In 1864, after Judge Worden 
had been defeated as democratic candidate 
for the Supreme Court, he and Judge 
Morris entered into the partnership of Wor- 
den & ^Morris, which continued until Wor- 
den was elected to the Supreme Bench 
in 1870. After that Judge Morris con- 
tinued practice with 'Sir. Withers until 
1873, and then entered the firm of Coomlis, 
Morris & Bell. 

In 1881 the Legislature provided for a 
commission for the relief of the Supreme 
Court. It was provided that the members 
of the Supreme Court should appoint five 
persons to serve as commissioners, each 
.judge to select one commissioner from his 
judicial district. Judge Worden, though 
a democrat, selected Judge ]\Iorris, a re- 
publican, as member of this commission. 
His service as commissioner continued from 
April 27, 1881, to September 1. 1883. 
While on the commission he decided 175 
cases, which are reported in Volumes 73 
to 91 of the "Reports of the Supreme 
Court." His decisions are characterized 
by lucid style, sound logic and a strong 
sense of justice of erjuity, and they served 
to supplement the estimate that Judge 
Morris possessed the highest qualifications 
for judicial work. 

On resigning from the commission Judge 
Morris began practice at Fort Wayne with 
Charles H. Aldrich and James 'SI. Barrett 
under the name of Morris, Aldrich & Bar- 
rett. He was head of this firm until Mr. 
Aldrich removed to Chicago in 1886, after 
whicli he and ^Ir. Barrett were associated 
as Morris & Barrett until 1891. At that 
date they united with the firm of Bell & 
Morris under the same name ]\lorris. Bell, 
Barrett & Morris. January 1, 1898, :\Ir. 
Bell retired, and the firm was then Morris, 
Barrett & ^Morris until Judge Morris ac- 
cepted the position of referee in bank- 
ruptcy for the Fourteenth District, to 
which he had been appointed by Judge 
Baker. The clerical duties of this position 
proved uncongenial and he promptly re- 
signed. He then resumed practice with 
his grandson, Edward J. Woodworth, and 
that association continued until he practi- 
cally retired a short time liefore his death. 

Concerning his character both as lawver 



1424 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and man it is fortunate that access can 
be had to an article written by a member 
of the bar published in the Indiana Law 
Journal in 1899, when Judge Morris was 
past fourscore and had practically per- 
fected his record of usefulness, though still 
in active practice. 

His contemporaries twenty yeai|s ago 
knew him as a man "of medium height, 
singularly erect in form, spry in movement, 
with handsome, regular features, indicative 
of strength, tirmness and intelligence, and 
with hair and whiskers white as the purest 
snow. He is always affable, polite and 
genial. His manner is of the quiet, digni- 
fied type, not wanting in cordiality, but 
never drifting into extremes. With a keen 
sense of propriety and great regard for the 
feelings of others, his manners are always 
gentle and his demeanor towards all is 
kindness itself. His uniform courtesy and 
consideration for the rights and feelings 
of others are distinctive featiires of his 
character, and have won for him the warm 
friendship of all who know him. He is 
generous to a fault. His purse is always 
open to the unfortunate, even to those 
whose afflictions are self-imposed. His life 
has been an exemplification of the virtues 
and graces of a quiet, dignified, courteous 
gentleman. ' ' 

Judge Morris was fond of the country, 
of domestic animals, and of all the varied 
life of the outdoors, and took the keenest 
pleasure always in his home garden and 
grounds. But all this was subsidiary to 
his life as a student. He was a lover of 
books, his mind was fashioned to study, 
industry and research, and the fact that he 
was a keen student of mathematics and de- 
lightetl in complicated problems furnishes 
a strong hint as to the faculty which made 
him such a master of court and trial tech- 
nic. Upon the law he concentrated all the 
resources of a good mind, a good character, 
and lifelong study and industry. He so 
eompletel.y mastered the formal teehnic of 
the law, including the definition of legal 
terms, and memorizing the volume and 
page containing leading cases, that it all 
became incorporated into his very being 
and left his mind and judgment free for 
the larger and broader issues. The law 
was in fact his one passion. It is said 
that no one could suggest to him a difficult 
legal proposition that he would not in- 
stantly begin a search of the books to find 
its solution. The writer already quoted 



describes his methods and manners as a 
lawyer : 

"He is indefatigable in the preparation 
of every case intrusted to him. Never eon- 
tent with the investigation of his client's 
side of the cause, he studied with almost 
equal care the side of his adversary. He 
learned the facts and decisions that would 
be used against him and was prepared to 
parry them. The lawyers who met him 
soon learned that they could not safely 
rely upon the slips of their adversary. He 
has always enjoyed the confidence of the 
courts and juries, and the respect, esteem 
and love of his professional associates. He 
usually addresses the court or jury in> a 
quiet, common sense manner, in low and 
gentle tones, but when aroused by opposi- 
tion the calm demeanor vanishes and his 
whole nature seems changed, with power- 
ful voice, flashing eye, earnest mien and 
forceful argument. Always courteous to 
an opponent, he never wastes words in 
effusive or insincere compliments. 

"He is a shrewd and skillful cross ex- 
aminer, and possesses the rare faculty of 
knowing what questions not to ask. He 
never browbeats a witness, but treats him 
with respect and deference, thereby secur- 
ing his good opinion and confidence. Al- 
though his examination of a reluctant or 
untruthful witness is always thorough and 
often severe, his methods are so suave that 
the witness does not seem to realize the 
fact. 

"By hard labor, close attention to busi- 
ness, an indomitable will, an unimpeach- 
able integrity and unswerving fidelity to 
his clients he soon reached the front rank 
of his profession and for fifty years he has 
enjoyed the distinction of being the rec- 
ognized leader of the bar of northern 
Indiana, The members of the bar look 
to him for guidance, and his influence 
among them has been unmeasured. His 
time and knowledge were always freely 
at the disposal of other lawyers, and many 
have not hesitated to take advantage of his 
good nature beyond the limits of profes- 
sional courtesy. 

"His well merited reputation for ex- 
tensive knowledge of the law, for untiring 
zeal in the cause of his client, and for 
absolute honesty, secured for him a large 
and extensive practice. For neai'ly half 
a century he has been interested in most of 
the important litigation of northeastern 
Indiana, Had he measured the value of his 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1425 



services as highly as many lawyers of less 
ability and reputation he could have been 
rich. But his one fault, if fault it can 
be called, is his underestimate of the value 
of his own services. His charges were 
always far below those usually prevail- 
ing for like services. To the poor his advice 
and counsel were always free." 

The inheritance of wealth would have 
meant little to such a man beside the in- 
heritance of strong and virile qualities 
of manhood. He achieved success on his 
merit, and as a result of many years of 
hard and conscientious labor, and through 
his entire career there was never a breath 
of suspicion or any action that compro- 
mised his personal honor and integrity. 
He was in fact as he has been described 
"a man of spotless integrity, of earnest 
convictions upon all great questions, frank 
and outspoken, but as tender hearted as a 
woman. A better or 'more conscientious 
man has rarel.v lived. His ruling passion 
has been a noble ambition to leave as a her- 
itage the recoi'd of. an honest, well spent 
life." 

Judge Morris was an ardent republican 
and one who thoroughly believed in the 
principles and policy of his party. But 
as this record shows, he was not a seeker 
for otfice and seldom accepted even ap- 
pointment. The two great interests of his 
life were his profession and his home. On 
April 27, 1841, soon after his admission 
to the bar, he married Miss Theresa Jane 
Farr, and their companionship continued 
unbroken for fifty years. 

"To all who knew him Judge Morris 
will be remembered as a plain, unassuming, 
honest man, an able lawyer, self reliant and 
self made, pure in public life and private 
conduct, of lofty ideals and high honor — 
the noblest type of American citizenship." 

Calvin Fletcher was liorn in Ludlow, 
Vermont, February 4, 1798. Tlic Town of 
Ludlow is in the County of Windsor, and 
is situated on the eastern slope of the 
Green :\Iountain range, midway between 
Rutland and Bellows Falls. A ridge of 
highlands separates the counties of Windsor 
and Rutland and forms the boundary be- 
tween the towns of Ludlow and Mount 
Holly, the latter being in the County of 
Rutland. Mr. Fletcher was a descendant 
of Robert Fletcher, who was a native of 
one of the northern counties of England, 
probably Yorkshire, and settled in Con- 



cord, Ma.ssachusetts, in 1630, where he died 
at the age of eighty-five April 3, 1677, 
leaving four sons, Francis, Luke, William 
and Samuel. Calvin 's father, Jesse Fletch- 
er, a son of Timothy Fletcher, of West- 
ford, Massachusetts, was born in that town 
November 9, 1763, and was preparing for 
college under his elder brother, the Rev. 
Eli,iah Fletcher of Ilopkinton, New Hamp- 
shire, when the troubles of the Revolution 
arrested his progress. He joined the pa- 
triotic army at the age of sixteen and 
served in two campaigns of six or eight 
months each toward the close of the war. 
Jesse's brother Elijah was the pastor of 
the church in Hopkinton from January 
23, 1773, until his death April 8, 1786. 
The second daughter of Rev. Elijah 
Fletcher was Grace, a most accomplished 
and attractive person, who became the first 
wife of the great American statesman and 
orator, Daniel Webster. Col. Fletcher 
Webster (who fell at the head of his regi- 
ment in the second battle of Bull Run, 
August 30, 1862) received at his christen- 
ing the family name of his mother. Calvin 
Fletclier and his oldest son. Rev. J. C. 
Fletcher, more than once talked with Daniel 
Webster concerning this cherished first 
wife, Grace. The daughter of Grace's 
brother (Timothy Fletcher) became the 
wife of Doctor Brown-Sequard, the famous 
specialist of Paris, France. Jesse married 
in 1781, when about eighteen years old, 
Lucy Keyes of Wcstford, who was born 
November 15, 1765, being therefore hardly 
sixteen when she became the bride of Jesse. 
The young couple migrated from West- 
ford to Ludlow, Vermont, about the year 
1783, and were among the first settlers of 
the place. From that time until the day of 
liis death, in February, 1831, Jesse Fletcher 
lived on the same fann, a farm still in 
the possession of his descendants. He 
was the first town clerk of Ludlow, was 
a justice of the peace, and the second rep- 
resentative to the General Court from 
Ludlow. In that town all his fifteen chil- 
dren, except the eldest, were born. His 
widow, Lucy Keyes Fletcher died in 1846. 
Calvin was the eleventh of these fifteen 
children, most of whom lived to maturitv. 
Under the teachings of an excellent fa- 
ther and mother of more than ordinary 
ability, Calvin early learned those habits 
of industry and self-reliance and those 
principles of uprightness w^hieh uniformly 
characterized him in after life. AVhile 



1426 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



performing: all the duties exacted from a 
boy on a New England farm in those days 
he" soon manifested a strong desire for 
classical education, which was stimulated 
both by his mother's advice and the suc- 
cess of his brother Elijah, who had a few 
years before completed his college course 
at Dartmouth College. In accordance with 
the prevailing custom of the early New 
England families, his parents had selected 
Elijah as the one best titted by natural 
endowments and bent of mind to receive 
a college education. Such selection of but 
one member of a large family was indeed 
a matter of necessity in those days, when 
all were obliged to labor hard for the stern 
necessities of life. Through his own ex- 
ertions Calvin earned money enough to pay 
the expenses of a brief course of instruc- 
tion at the academies of Randolph and 
Royalton in Vermont, and afterwards at 
the rather famous classical academy of 
Westford, Massachusetts. His cla.ssical 
studies were interrupted by pecuniary dif- 
ficulties at home. His father became fi- 
nancially embarrassed; the older sons and 
daughters had already gone out into the 
world, and Calvin obtained permission from 
his father to go also. His classical studies 
had proceeded as far as Virgil, and he had 
probably taken delight in reading of the 
wanderings of the pious ^Eneas. He deter- 
mined to be a sailor, and in April, 1817, 
ill his nineteenth year, he went to Boston 
and tried to obtain a berth on board an 
East Indiaman. He failed to get an en- 
gagement as a sailor before the mast, and 
thereupon turned his face toward the coun- 
try west of the Alleghenies. He worked 
his way, mostly on foot, to Pennsylvania, 
where "he engaged himself for a short time 
as a laborer in a brickyard. He had left 
home in a spirit of adventure, and had 
by no means laid aside his literary tastes. 
While working as a laborer he always car- 
ried with him a small edition of Pope's 
poems, which he read (particularly the 
translation of Homer's Iliad and the Odys- 
sey) at each moment of leisure. But his 
brick-making came speedily to an end. 
His intelligence attracted the attention of 
a gentleman named Foote, by whom he 
was encouraged to travel further westward, 
to the State of Ohio. Mr. Fletcher has 
himself described this period of his life in a 
letter to ]\Ir. John Ward Dean, correspond- 
ing secretary of the New England Historic 



Genealogical Society, dated March 25, 1861, 
in which he says : 

"In two months I worked my way, 
mostly on foot, to the western pai-t of 
Ohio, and stopped at Urbana, then the 
frontier settlement of the state, and had 
no letters of introduction. I obtained la- 
bor as a hired-hand for a short time, and 
then a school. In the fall of 1817 I ob- 
tained a position in the law office of Hon. 
James Cooley, a gentleman of talents and 
fine education, one of a large class which 
graduated at Yale under Dr. Dwight. He 
was sent to Peru (a.s U. S. charge d'af- 
faires) under John Quincy Adams' ad- 
ministration, and died there." 

During the interval between his school 
teaching and entering upon the study of 
law at Mr. Cooley "s office, he was for a 
time private tutor in the family of a Mr. 
Gwin, whose fine library gave him an ex- 
cellent opportunity for reading. In 1819 
he went to Richmond, Virginia, and was 
licensed to practice by the Supreme Court 
of the Old Dominion. At one time he 
thought of settling in Virginia, but even 
then his strong love of freedom and respect 
for the right of man made him renounce his 
intention. He was an anti-slaverv- man 
from principle, and was one when it cost 
something to be one. No person who was 
not living thirty or forty years ago in the 
southern part of Ohio or Indiana can re- 
alize the bitter prejudice that then existed 
against the old-time abolitionists; he was 
considered an enemy of his country, and 
was subjected to both social and political 
ostracism. But this did not deter :\Ir. 
Fletcher nor cause him to alter his course. 
He once said to one of his sons, long after 
he had become celebrated as a lawyer in 
the new capital of the State of Indiana: 
''When I am in the court house, engaged 
in an important case, if the governor of 
the state should send in word that he wished 
to speak to me, I would reply that I could 
not go ; but if a Quaker should touch me on 
the shoulder and say 'a colored man is 
out here in distress and fear,' I would 
leave the court house in a minute to see 
the man, for I feel that I would have to 
account at that last day when He shall 
ask me if I have visited the sick and those 
in prison or bondage, and fed the poor. 
The great of this world can take care of 
themselves, but God has made us stewards 
of the downtrodden, and we must account 
to Him." A man of this stamp could, of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1427 



course, find no abiding place at that time 
in Virginia, and Mr. Fletcher, renouncing 
his intention of settling there, returned to 
Urbana, where he became the law partner 
of Mr. Cooley in 1820. Quoting again 
from the autobiogi-aphical .sketch embodied 
in his letter to ]\Ir. Dean, we use Mr. 
Fletcher's own words in describing this 
period of his career: 

'■In the fall of 1820 I was admitted to 
the bar, and became the law partner of 
my worthy friend and patron, Mr. Cooley. 
In the summer of 1821 the Delaware In- 
dians left the central part of Indiana, then 
a total wilderness, and the new state se- 
lected and laid oif Indianapolis as its fu- 
ture capital, but did not make it such until 
by removal of the state archives and the 
transfer of all state offices thither in No- 
vember, 1824. and by the meeting of the 
Legislature there on the 10th of January, 
182.5. I had married, and on my request, my 
worthy partner permitted me to leave him 
to take up my residence at the place desig- 
nated as the seat of government of Indiana. 
In September of that year I left Urbana 
with a wagon, entered the wilderness, and 
after traveling fourteen days and camping 
out the same number of nights, reached 
Indianapolis, where there were a few newly 
erected cabins. No counties had been laid 
off in the newly acquired ten-itory, but 
in a few years civil divisions were made. 
I commended the practice of law, and 
traveled twice annually over nearly one- 
third of the northwestern part of the state, 
at first without roads, bridges or ferries. 
In 1825 I was appointed state's attorney 
for the Fifth Judicial Circuit, embracing 
some twelve of fifteen counties. This ofSce 
I held about one year, when I was elected 
to the State Senate, served seven years, 
resigned, and gave up official po.sitions. 
as I then supposed, for life. But in 1834 
I was apix)inted by the Legislature one 
of four to organize a state bank, and to 
act as sinking-fund commissioner. I held 
this place also for seven .vears. From 1843 
to 1859 I acted as president of the branch 
of the .state bank at Indianapolis, until 
the charter expired." 

The simple and unostentatious words in 
which Mr. Fletcher alludes to his connec- 
tion with the state do not convey any idea 
of the struggle he had to go through in 
reference to its organization. As senator 
of the State of Indiana he gave great of- 
fense to some of his constituents by oppos- 



ing the first charter proposed for the or- 
ganization of a state bank. He resigned 
the senatorship, and the next j'ear another 
charter was prepared which obviated the 
objections. This charter passed through 
the Legislature, and on the organization 
of the bank he became a director on the 
part of the state, and thenceforward gave 
banking and finance a large portion of his 
time and attention. Mr. Fletcher was the 
first prosecuting attorney as well as the first 
lawyer who practiced his profession in 
Indianapolis. His sterling honesty and 
strict attention to business soon gained for 
him a large and lucrative practice. Hon. 
Daniel D. Pratt, at one time LTnited States 
senator from Indiana, was a student in 
his office, and has contributed his recol- 
lections of Mr. Fletcher in a letter written 
after his old law preceptor's death, in 
which he says: 

' ' lu the fall of 1833 I entered his office. 
He was then about thirty-five years of 
age, possessed of a large practice, in the 
Circuit and in the Supreme Court, standing 
bj- common consent at the head of the pro- 
fession in central Indiana and commanding 
the un(iualified confidence of the commu- 
nity. He fully deserved that confidence. 
Scrupulously honest, fair in his dealings 
with his clients, untiring in their interests, 
I do not think I have ever met a man in 
the legal profession of greater activity, 
energy, earnestness and application to busi- 
ness. He forgot nothing, neglected nothing 
necessary to be done. This was the great 
secret of his professional success. 'Sir. 
Fletcher wa.s a strong man. physicalh', 
morally and intellectually. In the early 
.stages of his pioneer life he had to meet 
men face to face, and at times with bodily 
force he had to resist those who attempted 
to deprive him of his rights. There were 
no courts at first in the infant settlement 
of Indiana to take cognizance of breaches 
of the peace, but each man had to be, as 
it were, 'a law unto himself.' " 

He was equal to the emergency, and 
could defend himself. In the same spirit 
he stood ready also to befriend those who 
otherwise might have been injured. He had 
when young felt the pressure of poverty, 
and had learned life from actual contact 
with its difficulties, and while this gave 
additional force and edge to his good sense 
and acquainted him with the details of 
hum])le life, it also aroused his disposition 
to take the part of the poor, the helpless 



1428 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and the oppressed. To them his services 
were often gratuitous or for meager com- 
pensation. His sympathies were always 
active, and he had the faculty of confer- 
ring great benefits, not so much by direct 
aid as by teaching them how to help them- 
selves. Among those whom he thus befriend- 
ed were many of the colored race, who in his 
early years were still in bondage and who 
were "only admitted to citizenship in the 
closing years of his life. Several elements 
contributed to Mr. Fletcher's eminent suc- 
cess as a lawyer. One of his most service- 
able powers was his remarkable memory, 
which seemed to hold all that was com- 
mitted to it. In his law office it was he 
who kept in mind all the details and who 
watched all the points of danger. He was 
a shrewd and sagacious judge of men, and 
had the faculty of inferring character from 
circumstances generally overlooked. A 
local chronicler says: "When introduced 
to a stranger, he would for some minutes 
give him his exclusive attention. He would 
notice every remark and movement, every 
expression of feature, and even the mi- 
nutiae of dress, yet he did all this without 
giving offense. He seemed to be ever under 
some controlling influence which led him 
to study character." He reviewed his cases 
dramatically, and realized them in actual 
life, then "the legal aspects of the case 
were examined, authorities consulted, and 
the question involved settled after cautious 
deliberation. He was not oratorical in ad- 
dressing juries, but was a clear and effective 
speaker. His mo.st prominent talent was 
his insight into the motives of parties and 
witnesses, and he was especially strong 
in cross-examination. In one case a wit- 
ness who was compelled by him on cross- 
examination to disclose facts which con- 
tradicted his evidence in chief, fainted, 
and his evidence was disregarded by the 
jury. During the process of making up 
his decisions on questions of law or policy 
he preserved entire inpartiality, and was 
ready at any moment to abandon an un- 
tenable theory or opinion. He discouraged 
all unnecessary litigation, and had great 
success in adjusting cases by agreement of 
the parties. To this point in his character 
many well-to-do residents of Indianapolis 
have feelingly testified in recent years, and 
have said that to the good advice of Calvin 
Fletcher they owed all they possessed. His 
calm, just and effective method of rea.son- 
ing with clients who came to him in the 



flush of heated controversy and thirsting 
for revenge for real or fancied wrongs was 
like pouring oil on the troubled waters. 
"Settle out of court and save costs," was 
a favorite maxim of his that will be remem- 
bered until all who knew him have passed 
away. 

Notwithstanding that his fees were mod- 
erate, his business was so extensive and his 
industry achieved so much that his income 
was large. His judicious investments and 
his plain and unostentatious mode of liv- 
ing led to the rapid accumulation of 
wealth. He was an example of temper- 
ance, avoiding the use of either liquor or 
tobacco, and never played cards, although 
that was a great pastime among the law- 
yers in his early days. The bar, judge and 
people were then thrown much together at 
country inns, and social and conversational 
talents were of great advantage to a law- 
yer. Here ^h\ Fletcher was remarkably 
well endowed, hospitable to his friends, 
amiable to those in his office, and popular 
with all. Mr. Fletcher during his long 
career as a lawyer had several partners and 
the.v were friends to whom he was deeply 
attached, and the attachment was recip- 
rocal ; the prosperity of one was the pros- 
perity of all. The two partners with 
whom he was the longest associated were 
Ovid Butler and Simon Yandes. Mr. But- 
ler, after a prosperous career, founded 
what is now known as "Butler Univer- 
sity," at Irvingtou, Indiana, which is one 
of the most flourishing educational insti 
tutions of the Christian denomination. 
Simon Yandes was a student with Messrs. 
Fletcher and Butler in 1837-38, after 
which he took a course at the law school 
of Harvard University, and became the 
partner of his old instructors — the firm of 
Fletcher, Butler & Yandes continuing until 
the senior partner retired in 1843. 

In his autobiographical sketch from 
which we have already quoted, Mr. Fletch- 
er says: "During the forty years I have 
resided in Indiana I have devoted much of 
my time to agriculture and societies for 
its promotion, and served seven years as 
trustee of our city schools. I have been 
favored with a large family, nine sons and 
two daughters. Three of "the former have 
taken a regular course and graduated at 
Brown University, Providence, Rhode Is- 
land, and two a partial course at the same 
institution. I have written no books, but 
have assisted in compiling a law book." 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1429 



In 1860 he became a corresponding member 
of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, to the secretary of which this let- 
ter was written. He was a great lover of 
nature, taking much interest in the study 
of ornithology, and making himself famil- 
iar with the habits, instincts and character- 
istics of birds. The domestic animal found 
in him a sympathizing friend. The works 
of Audubon had a prominent place in his 
library, which included a well selected col- 
lection of general literature, and an ac- 
cumulatio2i of local newspapers (which he 
had neatly bound), books, and magazines 
of inestimable value to the student of west- 
ern history, which at his death was depos- 
ited in one of the institutions of the city 
of Indianapolis. Simon Yandes, Esq., his 
former partner, in testifying to the charac- 
ter of Mr. Fletcher, states that what Alli- 
bone in his "Dictionary of Authors" says 
of Dr. Daniel Drake, of Cincinnati, is 
eminently true of Calvin Fletcher, viz. : 
"His habits were simple, temperate, ab- 
stemious; his labors incessant." There was 
much in common between the two men. 
Allihone's further description of Drake is 
that of Calvin Fletcher: "A philanthro- 
pist in the largest sense, he devoted him- 
self freely and habitually to works of 
benevolence and measures for the ameliora- 
tion of distress, the extension of religion 
and intelligence, the good of his fellow 
creatures, the honor and prosperity of his 
country." The fine tribute of Senator 
Pratt, from which we have already made 
a brief extract, concludes as follow-s : 

' ' He was a very simple man in his tastes. 
Though possesseci of ample means, no one 
could have inferred it from his manner of 
life. His family lived and dressed plainly. 
He was himself without a particle of osten- 
tation ; republican simplicity characterized 
every phase of his life, at home and abroad, 
in his dress, furniture, table and associa- 
tions. He was fond of the society of plain, 
unpretentious people. The humblest man 
entered his house unabashed. He took 
plea.sure in the society of aspiring young 
men and in aiding them by his eounsel. 
He never tired in advising them ; in setting 
before them motives for diligence and good 
conduct, and examples of excellence. He 
was fond of pointing to eminent men in 
the different walks of life, of tracing their 
hi.story, and pointing out that the secret 
of their success lay in the virtues of dili- 
gence, continuous application to a spe- 



cialty, strict integrity and temperance. 
Many young men of that period owe their 
formation of character to these teachings 
of Mr. Fletcher. He taught them to be 
honest and honorable, to be just, exact, 
prompt, diligent and temperate. He was 
himself a shining example of all these vir- 
tues. They formed the granite base of his 
character. Others will speak of the relig- 
ious phase of his life. It was not common 
in those days to find men of the legal pro- 
fession of deep religious convictions and 
illustrating those convictions in their 
every-day life and conversation. Mr. 
Fletcher belonged to this exceptional class. 
Religious exercises in his family were 
habitual. He was a constant attendant at 
church, and gave liberally to the support 
of the ministry. The success of his blas- 
ter's Kingdom upon the earth lay very 
near his heart. He regarded religion as 
forming the only reliable basis for success- 
ful private and national life. In his 
death the world has lost a good man, who 
contributed largely in laying the founda- 
tions, not only of the city where he dwelt, 
but of the state itself. He was one of its 
pioneers and leading men. His voice and 
example were ever on the side of virtue, 
and he contributed largely in molding the 
public character." 

No interest of Calvin Fletcher's life was 
greater than that which he showed towards 
the public school of Indianapolis. He was 
one of three who constituted the first 
board of school trustees. In recognition 
of this fact and because he labored for 
years in the interest of a system excelled 
by none in this country, the'school on Vir- 
ginia Avenue, No. 8, near his old home 
was named "The Calvin Fletcher School." 

The code of rules and regulations pre- 
pared by Mr. Fletcher when free schools 
were opened in Indianapolis in 1853 con- 
stitutes the basis of the code in force in 
the public schools todaj-. 

Jlr. Fletcher's death, which occurred on 
the 26th of May, 1866, the result of a f^ll 
from his horse a few weeks previous, 
caused much public sorrow. He had long 
made for himself an honorable record as 
a banker after his retirement from the 
practice of law, and the bankers of In- 
dianapolis pa.ssed resolutions on the day 
after his death, in which they said: 

"His devotion to every patriotic im- 
pulse: his vigilant and generous attention 
to every eall of benevolence; his patient 



1430 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



care of all wholesome means of public im- 
provement ; his interest in the imperial 
claims of religion, morale and education, 
and his admirable success in securing the 
happiness and promoting the culture of a 
large famil.y, show conclusively that what- 
ever importance he attached to the acquisi- 
tion of wealth he never lost sight of the 
responsibility to that Great Being who 
smiled so generously on his life and whose 
approbation made his closing hours serene 
and hopeful." 

Among those who attended his funeral 
were a large number of colored people, 
whose friend he had always been, and who 
now testified their deep affection and ven- 
eration for him. His remains were in- 
terred in the cemetery at Crown Hill, In- 
dianapolis. 

ilr. Fletcher was twice married. His 
first wife, Sarah Hill, a descendant of the 
Randolphs of Virginia, was born near 
]\Iaysville, Kentucky, in 1801, but her 
father, Joseph Hill, moved to Urbana, 
Ohio, when she was very young. This 
marriage, which took place in May, 1821, 
was a happy one in every respect. ]\Irs. 
Fletcher was a quiet, refined pei-son, and 
one would judge from her delicate appear- 
ance that she would be unable to endure 
the rigors of a pioneer life, but she proved 
equal to the situation and not only made 
a happy home for her husband and eleven 
children, but her industry, economy and 
general good management aided her hus- 
band very greatly in laying the founda- 
tion for his fortune. He cherished her 
memory, and her children all held her in 
most gi'ateful remembrance. The names 
of the children of Calvin and Sarah Hill 
Fletcher are here noted in the order of 
their birth : James Cooley, Elijah Timothy, 
Calvin, Miles Johnson, Stoughton Al- 
phonso, IMaria Antoinette Crawford. In- 
gram, William Baldwin, Stephen Keyes,' 
Lucy Keyes and Albert Elliot. For his 
second wife Mr. Fletcher married Mrs. 
Keziah Price Lister. No children were 
born of this union. 

Stoughton A. Fletcher, Junior, was 
one of the eleven children and the fifth of 
nine sons born to Calvin and Sarah (Hill^ 
Fletcher. He was born at Indianapolis 
Octolier 25, 1831, lived in the city contin- 
uously more than sixty-three years, and 
died in his beautiful home on Clifford 



Avenue ]\Iarch 28, 1895. The simple rec- 
ord of his noble, unostentatious life is the 
most fitting eulogy that could be pro- 
nounced. In youth he enjo.yed the benefit 
of wholesome discipline instituted by a 
broad-minded, practical Christian father 
to qualify his sons for self-support and 
useful citizenship. He had the educa- 
tional advantage afforded by the best 
schools of Indiana, and a partial course 
in Brown LTniversity at Providence. He 
was trained on his father's farm in the 
actual work of husbandry, and manifested 
unusual aptitude for agricultural pursuits 
in boyhood. He .studied telegraphy and 
became a practical operator at the age of 
nineteen. This was supplemented by a 
study of the operating department of rail- 
roads at an early day, and he was placed 
in charge as conductor of the first train 
that ran out of the Union Station at In- 
dianapolis, on the old Bellefontaine Rail- 
road, in June, 1853. He applied himself 
with such assiduity as to become conver- 
sant with the machinery employed and the 
methods of conducting railroad business. 
He could run a locomotive and under- 
stand its parts as well as the process of 
construction. His thoroughness naturally 
led to promotion and in two years he was 
superintendent of the road. After a valu- 
able and successful experience of five years 
in railroad service he resigned in order 
to assume the duties of clerk and teller 
in the bank of his uncle, Stoughton A. 
Fletcher. With characteristic energj- he 
applied himself to the task of learning all 
the details of banking. It was a matter 
of principle with him to know all that 
could be known of any business with which 
he was connected, whether it was farming, 
railroading, telegraphy, banking or manu- 
facturing. Lltimately he became a partner 
in the bank, associated with F. M. Church- 
man. In 1868 he was elected president of 
the Indianapolis Gas Company, and held 
the position for a period of more than ten 
years. He acquired a thorough, practical 
knowledge of the process and the cost of 
making illuminating gas, managing the 
company's business with rare executive 
ability. L^pon the reorganization of the 
Atlas Engine Works, in 1878, he was 
chosen president of the company and re- 
tained the position until his death. His 
name, his energy and varied experience 
combined to build up and establish a man- 



INDIANA AND INDTANANS 



1431 



iifuctory of engines and boilei-s unequaled 
in extent and equipment by any similav 
concern west of the Alleghenies. A visi- 
tor at the works would readily discern that 
the eye of a master was upon every de- 
partment and a trained financier of strong 
mental grasp was managing the business. 
It is creditable to his humanity that dur- 
ing the long season of depression he kept 
the works running at a loss in order to 
support the men who had served him long 
and faithfully. When impossible to em- 
ploy the whole force at the same time it 
was the custom to divide the men, giving 
employment to some of them one week and 
others the week following. By this plan 
all the families dependent upon the works 
were maintained. He assisted in organiz- 
ing the Indianapolis National Bank and 
served as one of its directors for many 
years. At various times he was connected 
with other institutions and enterprises of 
importance, always in such a manner as 
to preserve a high character for honor and 
integrit.y. 

It was not alone in the domain of pri- 
vate business or commercial affairs that 
Stoughton A. Fletcher was conspicuously 
successful. He is entitled to higher honor 
for his spirit and unselfish devotion to 
the community interests and welfare. He 
was one of the earliest promoters of the 
project to establish a new cemetery, se- 
lected the site of Crown Hill himself, as- 
sisted in the organization of the company, 
and was chosen treasurer of the Cemetery 
Association upon its incorporation in 1863. 
From 1875 to 1877 he served as president 
of the association, and continued a mem- 
ber of the board for the remainder of his 
life. The beauty of that silent city is due 
very largely to his taste, enterprise and 
liberality. Under his superintendence the 
loveliness of a natural site, impossible to 
duplicate in all the surrounding country, 
was enhanced by skillful landscape-gar- 
dening. Mr. Fletcher was identified 
either actively or in sympathy with every 
enterprise of popular concern in the city. 
His counsel was sought and his support 
enlisted. He was at all times relieving 
want with open-handed liberality. Init his. 
benevolence was not exhausted by per- 
sonal contributions to aid the suffering. 
He quietly assisted many a worthy young 
man in defraying expenses incident to ae- 
iiuiring an education. He also united 



with others to form charitable associations 
whose beneficence extends to all deserving 
poor in the city. He was from the begin- 
ning a member of the Indiana State Board 
of Charities, giving much time and thought 
to its work. His philanthropy was com- 
prehensive in scope and purpose, assum- 
ing other forms than contributions to re- 
lieve the destitute. He offered to the city 
the site of a magnificent park, as a gift 
conditioned only upon its improvement and 
maintenance for the public use stipulated 
in the conveyance. He endeavored to pro- 
mote the welfare and reformation of the 
unfortunate and the criminal. He was 
president of the first board of trustees of 
the Indiana Reformatory for Women and 
Girls. As this was among the first institu- 
tions of its class established iu the United 
States, its management afforded scope for 
the practical applications of his broad and 
wholesome views. 

He was married first in 1856. to iliss 
Ruth Elizabeth Barrows, daughter of 
Elisha Barrows, Esq., of Augusta, ilaine. 
whose life, treasured in the memory of 
her ehildi'en, was one characterizecl by 
admirable wisdom in the management of 
affairs, by rare unselfishness and tender 
devotion to her husband and family. ]\Irs. 
Fletcher died in 1889. Two sons and two 
daughters were born of this marriage : 
Charles B. and Jesse, now deceased, were 
associated with their father in the busi- 
ness of manufacturing, and continued the 
management of the Atlas Engine Works 
after bis death ; Mrs. Edward F. Hodares, 
of Indianapolis; and ^Irs. James R. Mac- 
farlane, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 
December, 1891, he was married to ^liss 
Marie Louise Bright, daughter of the late 
Dr. John W. Bright of Lexington, Ken- 
tucky. 

Even while most actively engaged in 
business ]Mr. Fletcher found time for travel 
and study. He had visited the countries 
of Europe and extended his journey 
leisurely into Egypt and Palestine, study- 
ing the physical condition of foreign coun- 
tries and peoples sufficiently to make in- 
telligent comparison and appreciate the 
institutions of his own country. During 
the last few years of his life he traveled 
nuich in the L'nited States. His health 
was renewed and his life prolonged by 
travel. In many respects he was a remark- 
able man — remarkable for the equability 



1432 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



of his temper and the kindliness of his 
disposition ; for the huoyancy of his na- 
ture and the adaptability of" his powers; 
for his success in business and his clean, 
honorable methods; for his perennial 
courtesy and unfailino: generosity. He was 
a lover of nature, a lover of art and a lover 
of books. His humanity wa.s large. He 
had sympathy for his fellow-men and re- 
gard for the welfare of his neighbors.- He 
admired the poems of Whittier, expressive 
of human sympathy and kindness. To a 
gentleness of manner, which invitfed social 
intercourse, was united a sturdy determi- 
nation which never faltered and seldom 
failed .of accomplishment. He lived in a 
pure atmosphere, above petty annoyances 
and contentions, patiently enduring mis- 
fortune and suffering, quieth' enjoying 
prosperity and the better things of life. 
His home was filled with beautiful things, 
evidences of culture and refinement, which 
friends enjoyed with him and his family. 
His character was strong in its integi'ity, 
his friendships were sincere and constant. 
He attested the dignity of labor and ex- 
emplified the nobility of a Christian life. 
The following, quoted from an editorial 
article in one of the daily newspapers, 
fittingly closes this biographical sketch: 

"By the death of Stoughton A. Fletcher, 
Indianapolis loses one of its oldest native- 
born citizens and one of its purest and 
best of any nativity. There are very few 
men living in the city who were born here 
as early as 1831, and none born here or 
elsewhere who better bore without abuse 
the grand old name of gentleman than 
Stoughton A. Fletcher. Some of the older 
citizens who knew his parents can easily 
understand from whence he derived the 
qualities that made him so manly and so 
true, so gentle and so tender, so admirable 
in all that goes to round out character. 
It is a great thing for a man to live in 
the same community sixty-three years, to 
die in the town where he was born and 
to leave behind him a record as conspicu- 
ously clean as that which marks the sum- 
ming up of Mr. Fletcher '.s life. He would 
not have had his friends claim that he was 
a great man. He did not seek notoriety 
or power, he never held office and was not 
ambitious for distinction of any kind, ex- 
cept the love of his friends, the respect of 
his neighbors and the willing tribute of 
all to his absolute integrity and high sense 



of commercial honor. A worthy son of a 
most worthy sire, he was true to his an- 
cestry, true to his family and friends, true 
to all the demands of good citizenship and 
true to his own high standard of thinking 
and acting." 

Joseph Kinne Sharpe. The relations 
of Joseph K. Sharpe with the business and 
industrial affairs of Indianapolis have been 
most prominent as one of the organizers 
and for many years an active executive of- 
ficial of the Indiana Manufacturing Com- 
pany, under whose patents are manufac- 
tured practically all the wind stacking ap- 
pliances used in threshing machinery 
around the globe. 

ilr. Sharpe. who was born at Indian 
apolis, September 21, 1855, represents an 
old family of the capital. His parents were 
Joseph Kinne and Mary Ellen (Graydon) 
Sharpe. His paternal ancestor, Robert 
Sharpe, came to America from England in 
1635, settling in ilassachusetts, at Brook- 
line. A bronze tablet today marks the 
site of his early home there. He was a man 
of force and played an important part in 
the early history of our country. He has 
always been called "Robert Sharpe of 
Brookline. " He came from England in the 
ship Abigail. Mr. Sharpe 's maternal 
grandfather, Alexander Graydon, was 
born and lived most of his life in HaiTis- 
burg, Pennsylvania, where his father also 
lived before him. He was known as a man 
of learning and as a patriot and for his ac 
tivities in the cause for the abolition of 
slavery. His own home ou the Susque- 
hanna became the meeting place for the 
leaders in this movement. John G. Whit- 
tier, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell 
Phillips. William and Charles Burleigh, 
Lewis Tappan, Jonathan Blanehard — and 
others — and it was also one of the points 
of the celebrated "Underground Rail- 
way. ' ' The first of the Graydon line in this- 
country was Alexander Graydon I, who 
was born in Longford, Ireland, in 1708 and 
in 1730 came to this countn- and settled ii* 
Philadelphia. He was a graduate of Dub- 
lin University, and was noted as a scholar 
and lawyer. He wrote several books on law 
— and was in nomination for judge of the 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania at the time 
of his death in 1761. 

Joseph Kinne Sharpe, Sr., was born in 
Pomfret, Windham County, Connecticut,. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1433 



the village that w -s the lionie of many of 
the families of his connection, including 
the Sharpe, Trowbridge, Kinne, Grosvenor 
antl Putnam families. The celebrated wolf 
den, where Gen. Israel Putnam killed the 
wolf, was on the old Sharpe farm. Joseph 
w;is the .«on of Abishai and Hannah Trow- 
bridge Sharpe and the youngest of seven 
brothers. 

At an early age he came west, settling 
first ;il Dayton, Ohio, in 1840, where he 
t:iu'_:lii school. In 1844 he removed to In- 
(liaiuipolis. Various business undertakings 
engaged his attention in his early career, 
from which developed the wholesale leather 
industry and the operation of tanneries. 
Later he dealt largely in real estate in 
Indianapolis, and laid out part of North 
Indianapolis and Woodside Addition. He 
was married in 1847 to Miss Mary Ellen 
Graydon by Henry Ward Bcecher, then 
pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church. 
Of their nine children the third in age is 
Joseph K. Sharpe. Four of the children 
are still living. Mr. Sharpe 's parents were 
prominent 'in the religious and social af- 
fairs of Indianapolis, and were known for 
their activity and generosity in all church 
and philanthropic works. ' IMrs. Mary El- 
len Sluirpc was a woman of great culture. 
Her education was completed at Mount Joy 
Seminary near Philadelphia, where she was 
proficient in the languages and music, and 
at an early age became known as a writer 
of verse and prose. For many years she 
was a contributor to leading magazines, at 
one time writing much for children's peri- 
odicals. She published: two books — f A 
Family Retro.spect" (1912) and "As The 
Years Go By" (1913). 

Joseph K. Sharpe, Jr., was educated in 
the public and private schools of Indian- 
apolis and also at Wabash College. His ed- 
ucation completed, he became assistant to 
his father and they were together in busi- 
m Rs until about 1885. 

In 1891 Joseph Sharpe, Jr., became one 
of the oi-ganizers of the Indiana IManufac- 
turing Company, and has been president 
of it since 1907. As above mentioned, this 
company was organized for tlie purpose of 
developing and selling what is known as a 
pneumatic or wind stacker, an attachment 
for threshing machines. The wind stacker 
has long been recognized as one of the 
r-vea^est labor saving devices. The inven- 
tion was owned and developed by the In- 



diana ;Manufartui'ing Company, and from 
the fir.st crude type it has been improved 
by many other inventions and the acquire- 
ment of other improvements until today 
there is not a threshing machine in use in 
the United States, Canada, and other for- 
eign countries that does not employ the 
pneumatic stacker. Of late years the com- 
jiany has confined its business to the issu- 
ing of license contracts to manufacturers 
of threshing machinery in this and other 
countries on a royalty basis. The latest 
development of machinery by the Indiana 
^lanufacturing Company is a grain sav- 
ing device. ]Mr. Sharpe himself is the in- 
ventor of this grain saving device. It was 
perfected after some seven years of ex- 
perimentation, and the basic patents were 
issued to him in May. 1916. The patent 
is now the property of the Indiana [Manu- 
facturing Company. This is a part of the 
wind stacker, and saves the waste of grain 
which heretofore has always been a fea- 
ture of threshing on account of adverse 
conditions of material and weather and 
carelessness ami ignorance of operators in 
handliii'j- tin ''-li im-!' machinery. The stack- 
er is uiii\i'i-sally used in the United States 
and Canada and «as largely used before 
the war in the Argentine, South Africa, 
the Balkan countries and in Eastern Rus- 
sia. The head offices of the comjiany are at 
Indianapolis. 

Mr. Sharpe has been interested in vari- 
ous other business institutions. As a citi- 
zen he is public spirited and generous. He 
is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Ma- 
son, a Knight Templar, being a member of 
Oriental Lodge at Indianapolis. He be- 
longs to the University and Country clubs 
of Indianapolis and is a member of the 
Sons of the American Revolution. He has 
always been interested in athletics and is a 
golf enthusiast. 

January' 7, 1891, at Indianapolis, he 
married Miss Alberta S. Johnson, daughter 
of Dr. W. P. Johnson. iMrs. Sharpe died 
December 8, 1910, the mother of their one 
daughter, Joseph Parker Sharpe. She was 
married in 1915 to ^Ir. Charles Latham. 
Thev have one son, Charles Latham. Jr., 
borii :May 6, 1917. 

S.VR.VH HfTnnxs Kii.i.iKEt.i.v. In every 
well managed luiblie library in tlie United 
States will be found a series of volumes en- 
titled "Cui-ious Questions in History, 



143-i 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Literature, Art and Social Life," by Sarah 
Hutehiiis Killikelly, who, for years con- 
ducted ehisses at Pittsburg, chiefly of 
women, in literature, history, foreign 
travel, Bible study, etc.; and who pre- 
served in these volumes the information 
concerning unusual siabjects of inquiry that 
was brought out in these classes. The re- 
sult is a mine of information of a char- 
acter not easil.v accessible elsewhere ; and 
very frequently the.y furnish the best in- 
formation to be had on the topics dis- 
cussed. 

jMiss Killikelly was born at Vinceunes, 
Indiana, January 1, 1840. Her father, 
Rev. B. B. Killikelly, D. D., was a mis- 
sionary clergyman of the Episcopalian 
Church, who found at Vincennes a num- 
ber of Episcopalian communicants with no 
church building, and undertook to provide 
one. William Henry Harrison donated a 
lot for the building, but raisius funds for 
the building proved difficult, and ilr. Killi- 
kelly finally went to England for aid, 
where he met with more success. Queen 
Adelaide, widow of "William IV, headed 
his subscription paper, followed by the 
Duke of Northumberland, the Archbishops 
of Armagh, Canterbury, and London, and 
many of the nobilitv and notables of 
England, including W. E. Gladstone. M. 
P., Rev. E. B. Pusey, and Rev. J. H. New- 
man. St. James Church was duly built, 
and is a source of pride to St. James par- 
ish. 

The fortunes of a clerervman's family 
brought Miss Killikelly to Pittsburs, where 
her home became the center of the intel- 
lectual life of the city, through her classes; 
and her fame reached far beyond its 
bounds. She prepared the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury Book of Pittsburg and Allegheny, and 
wrote manv masazine and other articles. 
She received the high honor of being made 
a Foundation Fellow of the Society of 
Science. Letters and Art, of London : and 
this society gave her its gold crown prize 
for an ai'tiele on "The Victorian Era." 
She also received badsres of the American 
Pen Women and the Pittsburg Press Club 
of Women. The recoamition of her merit 
grew steadilv until her death. ^lav 14, 
1912. 

I\lips Jexnie B. Jessi'p. who since Janu- 
ary 1. 1902. has been librarian of the La- 
Port Public Library, represents one of the 



first families to establish permanent homes 
in LaPorte County. 

She is a granddaughter of Daniel Jessup, 
who in 1830 reached LaPorte County and 
established a home in Scipio Township. 
This branch of the Jessup family has been 
in America nearly two centuries. The first 
of the name was Stephen Jessup, concern- 
ing whom there is a definite record in this 
country from 1725 to 1728. Stephen 
Jessup was a native of England, and as a 
boy was apprenticed to learn the trade of 
weaver. He ran away from a hard mas- 
ter, and coming to America settled on 
Long Island and later moved to Deerfield 
Township, Cumberland County, New Jer- 
sey. He followed his trade as weaver and 
acquired considerable propert.y. His son, 
John Jessup, moved from New Jersey to 
Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 
and about 1793 went to the Northwest 
Territorj', settling in what is now Ham- 
ilton County, Ohio. He spent the rest of 
his life there. 

Daniel Jessup, a son of John, was born 
in Pennsylvania, and served as a soldier 
in the War of 1812. During one battle a 
bullet struck him in the knee, and he car- 
ried that bullet the rest of his days. He 
was in the vicinity of Detroit when Gen- 
eral Hull surrendered. He owned and 
operated a farm in Hamilton County, 
Ohio, near :\Iount Healthy. In 1830 he 
came to Indiana on horseback prospecting, 
and the same year came to LaPorte 
County with his sons Irwin and Abiezer, 
selecting government land in what is New 
Durham Township. In 1832 he brousht 
his family to LaPorte County, traveling 
with horses and ox teams. He built a log 
house on his land and after a few years 
reconstructed it on a larger scale. Daniel 
Jessup was a county commissioner for one 
term and was in office when LaPorte 's first 
courthouse was erected. Daniel Jessup 
started a nursery soon after coming to 
LaPorte County, which was the first busi- 
ness of the kind and supplied the stock 
for most of the early orchards in that sec- 
tion. He continued the nursery business 
and farming the rest of his life. 

Irwin Seward Jessup, one of the sons 
of Daniel Jessup, was born on a farm in 
Hamilton County, Ohio, :\Iarch 7, 1818, 
and was about fourteen years old when 
brought to LaPorte County. Later he es- 
tablished the Lakeview Nursery on the 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1435 



present site of Washington Park, and oon- 
dueted that business successfully until his 
death in 187-t. He was a prominent horti- 
culturist, and among other achievements 
originated the Prolific Beauty, a choice 
apple which had a wide vogue through- 
out "this part of the ^Middle West. Irwin 
S. Jessup married Elizalieth Taylor, also 
a native of Hamilton County, Ohio, and 
daughter of William Taylor. She died at 
the age of thirty-four, leaving two chil- 
dren, Alice M., now the wife of Ransom 
P. Goit and living at St. Paul, and Jennie 
Belle. 

Jennie Belle Jessup has been a lifelong 
resident of LaPorte County. She went 
into library work in 1894, becoming li- 
brarian of the old LaPorte Library and 
Natural History Association. It was at 
her suggestion that the association donated 
its collection of books to the Public Li- 
brary. In 1897 when the library was for- 
mally opened as a free library, ]\iiss Jessup 
was one of those given credit for this im- 
portant event in the city's cultural his- 
tory. In 1898 Miss Jessup went to Idaho 
and organized the city library at Boise. 
Later she organized the public library at 
Greenfield, Indiana, and then in 190"2 en- 
tered upon her present duties as librarian 
at LaPorte. 

Ma.j. Isaac C. Elston, who was the 
founder of ilichigan City and was hardly 
less prominent as a financier and business 
man and citizen in other sections of the 
state, was born in New Jersey in 1794. 
The family moved soon afterwards to 
Ono)idaga County, New York, where he 
lived until 1818. " 

He then came to the new State of In- 
diana, locating at Vincennes, where he 
was a merchant for several years. In 1823 
he moved to Terre Haute, and in the same 
year established the first store at Craw- 
fordsville. then the northernmost white 
settlement in the state. At that time there 
were less than a dozen families in a radius 
of fifty miles. He was also the first post- 
master of Crawfordsville, having been ap- 
pointed by President Jackson. 

In 182.5 he and two other men bought 
the site of Lafayette for !f!240. He founded 
the Rock River Mills at Crawfordsville, 
and was also the first president of the 
Crawfordsville and Wabash Railroad, 



afterwards merged with the Louisville, 
New Albany and Chicago Railroad. 

In 1831 Ma.ior Elston bought the land 
for the original site of Michigan City at 
the sale of the ^Michigan road lands at 
Lafayette, paying $1.25 an acre. In Oc- 
tober, 1832, he had the land platted, and 
the plat was filed in October, 1835. He 
laid out the city wisely and made gener- 
ous provisions for schools and churches, 
and he lived to see and realize all his antic- 
ipations for the city's prosperity. Major 
Elston never became a resident of [Michi- 
gan City, and lived at Crnwlonlsvillc until 
his death in 1867. In IS.-.:; li,. established 
the banking house of Eistoii c^ Company 
at Crawfordsville, and was its manager 
until his death. One of his daughters be- 
came the wife of Gen. Lew Wallace. 

John H. Ball. The first permanent 
settlers arrived at LaPorte about 1830 and 
the county was formally organized in 
1832. These statements give significance 
to the fact that the oldest living native son 
of LaPorte is John H. Ball, who was born 
there eighty-four years ago, December 14, 
1834. His life has been as interesting and 
varied as it has been lon^'. and there are 
many facts which coiinert him pci-inanent- 
ly with the history of his native town. 

His parents were Willard Newell and 
Nancy (Thomas) Ball. His maternal 
grandfather was George Thomas, a promi- 
nent figure in the early history of LaPorte 
County. He was born at Ncwsoms Mills, 
Virginia, a son of Reinyer and Elizabeth 
(Newsom) Thomas. George Thomas came 
to Indiana in 1828, and soon afterward 
settled in LaPorte County. He was a man 
of education and of good clerical ability, 
and when the county was organized in 1832 
he helped run some of the survey lines 
and was elected the first clerk and re- 
corder, and was also the first i)ostmaster 
of LaPorte. He died while still filling 
these official duties in 1835. The first 
house in LaPorte was built for him, it be- 
ing a double log house located upon the 
site now occupied by the Lake Shore Rail- 
road Station. In that house the first court 
was held. His widow survived him until 
1863, and they reared a family of five 
daughters and two sons. 

Willard Newell Ball was born in New 
York State, son of .-Miraiiam Ball, who 



1436 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



was proliably a native of Boylston, Massa- 
chusetts, and descended from one of five 
brothers who came from Ireland in 
colonial times. Abraham Ball moved from 
Massachusetts to New York State, later to 
Kentucky and from there to Liberty, In- 
diana, and was also numbered among the 
very early settlers of LaPorte County. He 
was a brickmaker b.y trade and probably 
established the brick yard just north of 
LaPorte in which was made the first brick 
in LaPorte County. Later he removed to 
Paw Paw, Michigan, and continued brick 
manufacture there until his death. Wil- 
lard Newell Ball when a young man went 
to Cincinnati, and learned the trade of 
cabinet maker. Later he went to Liberty, 
Indiana, and thence to LaPorte, and was 
the first cabinet maker to ply his trade 
in that locality. He was also an under- 
taker, and in his shop made the coffins 
iised in that service. He continued an 
honored resident of LaPorte until his 
death at the age of seventy-two. His wife, 
Nancy Thomas, was born in Virginia in 
1814 'and died at LaPorte in 1907. They 
had four children, Thomas, John H., Theo- 
dore and Mary. 

John H. Ball has some interesting remi- 
niscences of LaPorte when it was a pio- 
neer village. He attended school in La- 
Porte, his principal teacher being Rev. 
Abner Dwelly. In 1852 he took up the 
trade of bricklayer, and two years later he 
started on a journey which brought him 
into touch with the most romantic scenes 
and incidents of American life in that 
decade. He hired out