Skip to main content

Full text of "Indian Eve and her descendants. An Indian story of Bedford County, Pennsylvania"

See other formats






..i.-?. t 








\^ . - -•'" 






See pasres 85, 91. 96. 









Mrs. Emma A. M. Replogle. 






TN September 1901, when my step-father, Daniel 
-*- Earnest of near Imlertown, Bedford County, Pa., 
died, I wrote a sketch of his life for both Bedford papers 
referring to the following story which I promised to 
write later. Since then a number of friends have been 
looking for it. Mr. Scott Dibert, of Johnstown, sug- 
gested that I put this story in more permanent form 
than I had intended, saying ''I will take twenty copies 
at once. ' ' 

This was in the fall of 1905. Mr. W. E. Nevitt, of 
Tyrone, (a great nephew of my step-father) and I, 
were talking over this ancestral subject on the train 
coming down from Everett to Huntingdon. Mr. Dibert 
was so interested as he sat opposite us that he came 
and got acquainted, and then and there the thought 
was born to do what has been done since, I saw at 
once the possibility of making an intensely interesting 
story, but I felt my inability to do it especially in a 
literary way; besides, I did not have much time to my- 
self, or a quiet place in which to write at that time. 

Mr. Dibert was interested in the story because it 
came down from his father's ancestral home, Dutch 
Corner. He said he wanted to drive down there some 
time. He was anxious to connect his line with this 
one. I found this connection a few months ago and 
wrote him. His sister replied saying, ''Brother is too 
sick to hear the letter read; my brother Frank came in 
from Sante Fe this summer and died here in June, and 


my father's youngest brother, Abram Charles, from 
California died here in July. We had planned to go to 
Dutch Corner in the early summer." Her brother 
Scott died soon after I received this letter. 

I had heard my step-father tell the story over and 
over again from the time I was a child eight years old 
when I went with my mother in the Earnest home in 
1859. He had this all direct from his father Jacob Earn- 
est, who died about 1830 near Mt. Dallas and his mother 
Susannah Defibaugh Earnest, who died in February, 
1866, at the age of one hundred and one years, in Milli- 
gans Cove. 

Before I wrote I wanted to get data also from the 
other descendants of the hero of this story and from 
the neighborhood where it has been told to succeeding 
generations. It has been very interesting to find how 
well these accounts harmonize in almost every detail. 

I had the pleasure of spending several days with 

Mrs. Henry Sill, grand-daughter of George Earnest, at 
the home of her daughter, Mrs. Todd, near Wolfsburg, 
in the fall of 1906, and of visiting several times since at 
the Wm. Phillips home, where I got data for the most 
of this work. My step-father, Mrs. Sill and Mrs. 
Phillips are the three people w^ho made it possible to 
get in a connected way what I give. A few others had 
it but in disconnected facts. Daniel Earnest, I have 
found, was the only one who had the story connected. 
Mrs. Sill, Mrs. Phillips and the Greensburg Earnests 
knew much of it; but these two women were the only 
ones who made it possible to connect the descendants 
and give the early history of the community. 

Thus we find that some of the most interesting un- 
recorded history lives in the hearts of old people — they 


pass away and it is lost. Such was almost the fate of 
this story. Daniel Earnest and Mrs. Sill have passed 
over since I began this; Mrs. Phillips lingers yet on 
this side with the storehouse of her memory filled with 
rich things of the past. If I could have been with her 
longer or oftener I could have gotten more interesting 
incidents. I spent a day and a night at her home re- 
cently, and I was impressed with the manner in which 
she studied a little as if clearing the mists of the past 
away and then her face lighting up recalled what we 
wanted. I thought of Margaret Chandler's words: 

"Away and away to memory's land, 

And seize the past with a daring hand. " 

Besides these three people I acknowledge the 
generous help of a number of friends. I have tried not 
to omit any in the following list: 
W. E, Nevict, Tyrone, Pa. 
M. B. Kettering, Greensburg, Pa. 
Scott Dibert, Johnstown, Pa. 
Adam Earnest. Bedford, Pa. R. D. 1. 
J. Howard Phillips, Somerset, Pa. 
Miss Sarah Kauffman, Bedford, Pa. R. D. 1. 
William Dibert, Bedford, Pa. R. D. i. 
Miss Alice Dibert, Bedford, Pa. R. D. 1. 
Mrs. Dr. S. P. Earnest, Delmont, Pa. 
Miss Florence Dibert, Johnstown, Pa. 
Jacob Earnest Nevitt, Michigan City, Ind. 
Mrs. Sarah Reip, St. Clairsville, Pa. 
Mrs. John May, Bedford, Pa. 
Mrs. D. W. Lee, Bedford, Pa. 
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Kauffman, Woodbury, Pa. 
Mrs. Sarah Fetter, Bedford, Pa. R. D. 1. 


Rev. Zinn for translation of German record. 

Miss Ottilie K, Grauer, Teacher of German in Juniata 

Mr. and Mrs. D. F. Dibert, Kittanning Point, Pa. 
Miss Agnes Arnold, Kittanning Point, Pa. 
Dr. Geo. W. Dibert, Bedford, Pa. R. D. 1. 
Fulton Lyon, Post master at Greensburg, Pa. 

I have been fortunate in having such friends as 
Prof. D. Emmert and Dr. C. C. Ellis criticise the 
manuscript and give me very helpful suggestions for 
this work; fortunate also to have Miss Nellie Dibert 
Kerr, of Bedford, who knows so many in the genealogy 
do most of the type-writing. I thank these friends 
for their invaluable help. 

In writing this "Story" the following Historical 
Works have been consulted, to the authors of which I 
would acknowledge my indebtedness : 


History of the Juniata Valley, by Jones (1855). 

Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania, (1895). 

History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties, by 

Waterman, Watkins & Co. 
History of Bedford Co., by E. Howard Blackburn, 1906. 

January 30th, 1911. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Chapter I. 

FROM old records and a few good old people we learn 
that some very early settlers lived in what is now 
Bedford township, Bedford county, Pa. It seems they 
were not ousted nor their primitive buildings burned 
by order of the proprietary governors. 

Long before Ray settled at Raystown in 1750 or 
'51 the old historic house at Mr. Wm. Phillip's home 
had been built and was doubtless used as a fort. Mr. 
Blackburn in his late History of Bedford County says, 
"Who knows but that this may have been the fort called 
'Wingawn' which is named among the early forts of 
Bedford County, but which our learned historians have 
never been able to locate. " So it may have been that 
those people of long ago fled to this old fort before 
there was a "Fort-at-Raystown" or a "Fort Bedford." 

The lips are all silent that might have told the 
story, and what we know that is real history about the 
people fleeing from the Indians, all clusters around old 
Fort Bedford. There have been many thrilling stories 
told by our ancestors. The settlers living to the east 
of Fort Bedford had a very dangerous road through the 
narrows. When the alarm went out that the Indians 
were coming, the people fled in great haste and when 
they came near the narrows, they got close together 
and all rode in a solid block as fast as their horses 
could go. My grandmother Arnold, used to tell how 
they came from about Rainsburg. 


The settlers had all fled to the fort once after an 
Indian alarm. When all seemed quiet a lot of men and 
a few women went out to their homes to do some work. 
At her grandfather's home — the old Smith home near 
Rainsburg — they tried to finish weaving a piece they 
had in the loom, the men keeping guard. One girl 
wove so hard she spit blood and was never so well 
afterwards. They heard of some settlers being shot at 
near the narrows at Ft. Bedford and they all went back 
to the fort as fast as they could go. There was a 
colored woman, named Willis, a servant or slave at the 
Smith home. When they got near the narrows she 
cried and said ' ' She would be left behind and shot. ' ' 
She was riding a big clumsy horse that did not keep up 
with the others. As she was a very good faithful 
servant, one of the men gave her a little racer she 
wanted, and they all rode through safely but were 
shot at by the Indians. The people in the fort were 
uneasy about them and came out to meet them with 
music and beating a drum. 

There was another colored woman named Chloe — 
quite a historic character at Rainsburg — I used to have 
associated with this story. My Aunt Agnes Arnold 
says it was Willis. Chloe was a great cook and cake 
baker. She was called to help at big dinners, weddings 
etc. She liked to tease women who had plenty but 
were close, telling them that certain recipes required 
more than they really did. She helped to cook dinner 
for General Washington and his guard when they 
stopped at Coulters fort near Centreville in Cumber- 
land Valley on their way from Cumberland, Md. , to Ft. 
Bedford. She was afterwards cook at the Bedford 


The geographical situation of Bedford, with its 
numerous springs and streams, made it a great place 
for the Indians before the invasion of the white man. 
Mr. William Philips says: "My father used to tell how 
long ago a party of Indians stopped at Bedford and had 
a great w^ailing over their dead." 

Mrs. Philips tells many interesting and thrilling 
incidents of the earliest settlers in Bedford township. 
She says that for some time there were only three 
houses in all the country just north of Bedford — the old 
house at their home, and a primitive house at Brida- 
hams, and another in the Dibert corner. These very 
early settlers had come from Virginia. They called 
these lands "the Highlands." 

The first family of Diberts who settled in the Di- 
bert corner were massacred by the Indians at this 
place. The first names of the parents are not known. 
Mrs. Philips says they were the parents of her grand- 
father, Frederick Dibert. The Indians murdered the 
parents and some of the children, and burned their 
house. They took three children along — Fred and a 
brother and sister. Fred was about seven years old. 
They made him walk over the bodies of his parents. 
He saw his mother was still alive. The family had 
just baked bread and churned butter. The Indians 
made the children carry the bread and butter and a lot 
of bedding along with them. The bones of these 
burned bodies were buried near where the Dibert 
school house now stands. 

The family had a horse with a bell on to give alarm 
when the Indians were around. The Indians wanted 
the bell and cut the horse's head off to get it. Then 
they rang this bell near the settlers' houses in order 


to get them to come out. They took a number of horses 
along with them. 

These children got back to Philadelphia at different 
times being rescued by soldiers. An Indian woman 
whose son had died kept Fred, clinging to him when 
the soldiers tried to rescue him. He was gone seven 

Frederick Dibert had a brother named Charles. 
They married sisters. Frederick married Madaline 
Steel, and Charles married Mary Steel. Mrs. Philips 
has two pretty little crocks given her by these women, 
her grandmother and great aunt. Also a very old sugar 
bowl which came down to her mother. She says John 
Dibert, sr., was also a brother of her grandfather 
Frederick. See John Dibert — Mary Earnest's line. 

The descendants of Frederick and Madaline Steel 

1. Jacob. Married Elizabeth Earnest. See George 
Earnest's line. 

2. Michael. Married Susan Earnest. See Henry 
Earnest's line. 

3. Frederick. Married Susan Croyle. Took up 
land at Claysburg. Moved back to Dibert corner. 
Buried where the massacred Diberts were buried. 

1. Jacob married Saran Wysong. This is the Jacob 
Dibert who dreamed of the lost children of the Alle- 
ghanies and told his dream to his brother-in-law, Mr. 

1. Isaac. 2. Henry. 3. Joseph. 

2. Hettie. Married Samuel Wysong. 

3. Rebecca. Married Jacob Strayer. 

4. Adam. Married Elizabeth Koontz. 


1. Michael. Married Catharine Imler, daugh- 

ter of Isaac Imler. 

1. Edward. 3. Laura. 

2. Shanon. 4. Emma. 

2. John died in Army. 

3. Adam. Married Sophia Armstrong. 

1. Blanche. 2. Jennie. 3. Hattie. 

4. Scott Dibert. Married Maude Amick lives 

in Pittsburg. 
5. Julia. Married Daniel Koontz, 

1. Laura, dead. 

2. Fred. Married Catharine Dibert daughter 

of Geo. Dibert. See Geo. Earnest's line. 

4. Christ. Married Catharine Earnest. See Geo. 
Earnest's line. 

5. Elizabeth. Married Samuel Earnest. See George 
Earnest's line. 

6. Eve. Married John Miller, moved west. 

7. Mary. Married Jacob Walter. These are the 
parents of Mrs. William Philips who has been my con- 
stant helper. 

1. Samuel Walter. 3. Jacob Walter twin 

2. Daniel '' 4. Mary Ann " 

5. Ann Margaret 
Samuel Walter. Married Mary Reighard. 

1. Levanda. 4. Annie. 

2. Elizabeth. 5. Charlotte. 

3. Caroline. 6. Nettie. 

Daniel Walter. Married Mary Ann Sill, daughter 
Abram Sill. 

1. Frank. 2. Sarah Jane, died young. 

Jacob Walter. Married Susan Sill, daughter Daniel 







5. Ellen. 

6. Malinda, 

7. Laura. 

8. Etta. 

Mary Ann Walter. Married Frederick Zimmers. 
1. Watson, dead several years. 
2. Emma. 3. Bruce. 
Margaret Walter. Married W. W. Phillips. 

1. Albert. 4. Hattie, dead. 

2. Jacob Howard. 5. Warren. 

3. Luther M. 6. Marguirite- 
Charles and Mary Steel Dibert's descendants. 

1. Eve. Married to Thomas Wertz of Milligan's 

Children : 

1. Joseph, lived about Everett Had a family. 

2. Charles. Married Sarah Foster, large fam- 

ily, Pontiac, 111. 

3. Eliza. Married Daniel Earnest. See Jac. 

Earnest's line. 

4. Jane. Married Frederick Stuby. See Jac. 

Earnest's line. 
Eve was marred a second time to Daniel May of 
Sulphur Springs where she was mistress of the first 
boarding house at that place. 

2. Mrs. Bridaham. One of her daughters married 
a Gubernauter. 

3. Mary. Married Jacob Ripley who had a distil- 
lery at the Hughes home. She was buried at Messiah 

1. Rebecca. Married George Earnest son of 
Johannas Earnest 2. See George Earnest line. 
Rebecca married second time Jos. Barnhart. 


1. Elizabeth, married to Joseph Stickler. 

2. Polly was married to Mr. Alstadt. 
Had one son, John. 

4. Hettie. Married Mr. Heinsling. Lived at St. 
Clairsville. Lizzie. 

5. Jacob. Married first time to Hettie Sill. One 
daughter, Mary who went west. Married the second 
time to Miss Cook. 

6. Thomas. Married a Miss Rock lived part of his 
life in Snake Spring Valley on the old Studebaker place 
then owned by the Hartleys. 

1. Andrew. Never married. 

2. William. Proprietor of Washington hotel at 

Bedford. Moved to Reading. 
1. Samuel. 2. Henry. 

3. Jacob. Married Eliza Ritchie. 

4. Henry. Married Fannie Amstong. 

5. Charles. 

6. Thomas. Married Sally Shuss. Lived near 


7. John; Married Sarah Rollins, lived near 


1. Dan. 2. Thomas. 3. Mrs. Steel. 

8. Dr. George W. Married Miss Cobbler. Died 

at Imlertown in 1909. 

1. Mrs. Joshua Kerr. 

Nellie sec. at Juniata College. 

2. Dr. C. Dibert of Buffalo Mills. 

3. David of Imlertown, Pa. 

9. David. Married a Miss Diehl. Lived in 

Friend's Cove. 

10. Eliza. Married a Koontz. 


7. Elizabeth. I think there was an Elizabeth in 
this family though not mentioned by those who gave 
me the others. She used to visit her sister Eve, and at 
my step-father's home in Milligan's Cove, when his first 
wife, Eliza Wertz, lived. She was her aunt. I have 
an old "fa-sol-la" note book from our old home, yellow 
with age. On the fly leaf is written, "Alizabeth 
Dibert, A. D., 1828, daughter of Charles Dibert." 

Eve Dibert Wertz May was perhaps the oldest in 
this family (I have not given these names according 
to age exactly but as Mrs. Philips thought they came.) 
She was a fremarkable woman. While she was Mrs. 
Thomas Wertz and living in the north end of Milligan's 
Cove she rode horse back over the old "packers path" 
by "Kinton's Knob" and carried her real "golden- 
edged" butter and eggs to Bedford scores of times. 

Then, as Mrs. Daniel May, she conducted the board- 
ing house at Sulphur Springs — the big long old log 
house — so old nobody knows who built it. Who that 
was ever there does not remember the old long porch 
white as sand could make it, and the white washed 
walls inside and oustide; the yard swept as clean as a 
floor, and the beautiful garden with its old fashioned 
"posey bed," not a weed to be seen, and walks swept 
also as clean as the house; and inside the old chairs, 
and kitchen floor as white as boards could be made, 
and above the old kitchen table, along a whole side of 
the wall, hung over clean papers, was the good old 
fashioned tin-ware that shone like mirrors. 

Bright carpet made with her own hands covered 
most of the other floors. Then in the bed rooms, were 
piles of quilts and coverlets of her own labor and linen 
made also by her own hands, bleached snowy white. 



The dining room capped the climax for the city 

The old log house stands yet like a leaning tower. 
For years after its occupants had passed away old 
Spring boarders would come up from the later boarding 
houses and walk all around it- 


Miss Florence Dibert of Johnstown, sister of Scott, 
says, "My brother Frank had at one time a pretty good 
line of our family many generations back. . • .  .During 
the Huguenot struggle de Bere (Diberts) escaped (with 
life only) into Holland. Some of them remained and 
married the Dutch maidens and changed the spelling 
of the name to Dybird and later to Dibert. Some of 
these de Bere(0 went into Austria then the German 


province. I have heard of the first coming to this 
country but now I can not find the record. I know one 
brother went far into Kentuckey. Bedford Co., seems 
to have been the Dibert Settlement far back in the 
eighteenth century. As I remember the Diberts came 
from Amsterdam to America having been in Holland 
more than three years. I believe that Charles was the 
first Dibert mentioned in Bedford Co., though it is 
thought two brothers settled there and one went 

Had these Dibert brothers, Frank and Scott lived I 
would have much more on this genealogy, as they were 
both interested. While I was in Michigan I had a 
letter from Frank encouraging me to go on with this 
work. He held a prominent position in the Santa Fe 
R. R. Co., and was also engaged in Charity work. The 
following was his line of work printed on his envelope: 

New Mexico Society for the Friendless 

general office and temporary home 

405 hickox avenue. 

santa fe, - - - new mexico. 

our departments: 


Chapter II. 


A BOUT the time of the Revolutionary war, out 
^^-^ north from old Fort Bedford, along Dunning's 
Creek, among the frontier settlers was a family by the 
name of Earnest. They lived up the stream a short 
ditance from where Nelson's mill was afterwards built. 
The father's name was Henry, the mother's name, Eve. 
Their children were George, Mary, Jacob. Johannas, 
Henry and Mike. Mrs. Phillips thinks the mother was 
a Dibert but she is not sure. 

They were clearing land and making rails for 
fences, and had built a good cabin house. In 1906 
old Mr. Jacob Griffith, near Cessna, told me he re- 
membered the house very well. He said, "I could 
point to the stones of the chimney yet. My aunt lived 
in the old house 'till it had sunk so she could hardly get 
in and out the door. It is the farm where Dick Griffith 
lives now." 

George, the oldest son, was born April 3, 1762. No 
record has been found of the other children so far. 
Just recently I received a splendid record of Henry's 
family from Greensburg, Pa. He was born March 28, 
1772. Jacob w^as born about 1766. So Mary was by all 
accounts next to George. I have tried to find her age 
among the Diberts but failed. I have been giving 
George the oldest son ; Mrs. Sill thought there was one 
called Johannas but was not sure. As I was about'clos- 
ing I found this line. He may have been the oldest of 
the family. 

Chapter III. 

VERY early one autumn morning several men had 
come to the Earnest home to help make rails. 
While sitting around the chimney fire, they head a noise 
like owls hooting. One of them said, "We will not 
make many rails for it is going to rain soon — the owls 
are hooting. " It was the war whoop of the Indians 
they heard, and in a moment they were upon them. One 
or two of the men were killed at once. Mr. Earnest 
reached for his gun above the door but was shot. The 
men were all scalped. 

George, must have been in bed yet, as he sprang 
up and tried to jump out of a window and go around to 
the opposite window and reach in to get his gun ; he 
was shot at, fell from the window as if dead, and made 
his escape in his shirt. 

In this time the mother had gone to the loft where 
Mary and Jacob were perhaps asleep yet. She was 
about to hide them in tow, but fearing the Indians 
would burn the house she let them out at the roof. 
Mary — they called her Molly — ran as fast as she could 
down through a meadow and made her escape. Jacob 
slid down off the roof and hid in smart weed. He said, 
he could see the whites of their eyes glaring as they 
were hunting for them. Nothing has ever been said as 
to how Johannas escaped. 

The family had a loom and did their weaving. 
While the Indians were cutting a coverlet out to take 
along, and parleying about it, the mother pushed her 


husband's scalp, and at least one of the others behind 
a chest. Looking all around after missing the scalps 
and talking, they thought this was some token and got 
ready to leave at once. 

What a scene at day break on that fatal morning! 
Here beside the stream they had built their cabin 
home, and while the father cleared the forest and 
raised grain for food and flax for clothing, the mother 
spun, and wove, and sewed, and cooked by the hearth, 
and took care of the garden besides assisting her hus- 
band, in the fields. In a few hours these ties were all 
broken. The mother stepping over the blood drops of 
her husband— almost stepping over their scalped bodies, 
must flee from her home with the savages in great 
haste, leaving all that was precious behind her, except 
her little boy Henry and two year old baby Mike. 
Pressing her baby boy to her bosom with one arm and 
leading Henry by her side, she went not knowing 
whither, nor the fate of the other children. By her 
presence of mind in hiding the scalps she was saved 
the awful sight of seeing her husband's scalp dangling 
from an Indian's belt on the long journey. 

Mrs. George Kauff'man, now deceased, formerly of 
Woodbury, Pa., (her husband yet living is a descend- 
ant) told me the Indians got one scalp and split it to 
show that they had killed more. 

Mr. Kauff man says, ' ' the father held the door and 
asked his wife or some one to hand him an axe (which 
they had likely just been whetting) but did not get it 
in time, and as the Indians burst in, he leaped out over 
them and made his escape." This may have been one 
of the other men but not the father, for he was killed. 
He tells also of this man running down through the field 


or meadow and the Indians with their dogs after him. 
He tripped and fell in a deep gutter, the dogs leaped 
over, lost the track and he was saved. This may have 
been Johannas. 

Mr. Jacob Griffith said, "It was thought the In- 
dians had been watching around the day before, from 
the way the grass and weeds were tramped, and their 
tracks in hollow sycamore trees near by, along Dunnings 

Chapter IV. 

TT is said the whites pursued the Indians as they 
^ generally did. and were near them, but they hid 
their captives in hollow trees and made them hold their 
hands over their children's mouths if they would cry. 
Some say the mother could hear the pursuers but she 
could not make a noise for the Indians were hid near. 

Their route was no doubt through "Indian Path 
Valley," now called "Moses Valley" on through Blair 
County, and then through the gorge at Kittanning 
Point, the old Indian trail. This trail was where the 
reservoirs are now, where her descendants look over 
daily. They may have stopped long enough to drink at 
the spring of good water just beyond the toe of the 
"horse shoe." 

From the account of Mrs. Earnest's experiences 
and the training of her boy Henry in Indian ways, it 
would seem that they did not go to Fort Detroit as 
directly as they did some other times. There is no ac- 
count of her running the gauntlet at the first camp as 
Mrs. Elder had to do, a woman I shall speak of later. 

In their hasty flight, the first day, of course Mrs. 
Earnest got very tired and gave out carrying her baby 
boy. Then the Indians wanted to carry him but he 
was afraid of them and would cry. Then they would 
get mad and pick him up with both feet and let on to 
her that they were going to slap him around a tree. 
She would cry and they would throw him down at her 
feet and of course she had to carry him again. Sarah 


Fetters says, ''They hated the fair boy and liked the 
dark one. ' ' 

While in camp they worked for the Indians and 
did not have such a hard life, but following them over 
the mountains, through forests, marshes and streams 
was very hard. Once when going over a river in bark 
canoes, she prayed that they would all be drowned but 
the Lord did not answer her prayer. Sometimes they 
did not have anything to eat but deer tallow, and they 
gave her a small portion for herself and watched to see 
if she would give any to the boys. At other times they 
had plenty of meat but it was often spoiled. She 
sometimes slipped some in her apron and threw it away 
when they did not see her. 

Henry soon learned to ride. Mrs. Geo. Kauffman 
says, "they had him carry some cooking utensils. He 
got so tired carrying a frying pan, he let it it slide in a 
stream and told them it slipped in," 

Finally they came to Ft. Detroit and were to be 
sold to the British. Mrs. Earnest said to the officer, 
"If I can't take both my boys along, I will stay with 
the Indians." They had Henry dressed in an Indian 
suit and he could shoot with bow and arrow and liked 
it. The officer said, "Just come" and winked at her, 
then gave the Indians a glass of whiskey with a silver 
coin in it, and while they were looking at this, the 
officers grabbed the boy and handed him in to the 

Chapter V. 


THE Indians were not allowed to come near the fort 
before sunrise nor after sunset. They wanted Henry 
back. They called him Hanu. Every morning for a 
long time they came and called "Hanu!" "Hanu!" The 
mother had to watch or he would have gone out and 
gone with them. 

Henry liked to shoot and hunt and ride better than 
to be closed up in the fort. Finally they got tired com- 
ing and came and demanded his Indian suit and bow 
and arrow, and said, "he was now a free boy." 

Mrs. Earnest worked to pay her ransom while at 
the fort, like many other women who were sold there. 
Mi-s. Kauffman said "she would get a dollar for 
scrubbing a room for an officer." She was a very in- 
dustrious woman and earned more than her daily allow- 
ance and saved some money. Besides the work, she 
made clothes for her boys, perhaps from cast off suits 
of officers, and, her own clothing. Her great grand- 
daughter Sarah Kauffman of Imlertown, Bedford County 
has a large piece, part of a back breadth of one of her 
dresses yet. She gave me the patch from which this 
cut is made. The colors are darkish red, several shades, 
and light, — very good, heavy calico once, better than 
we get now. Mrs. Earnest bought this dress at Fort 
Detroit and brought it with her. This goods as a relic 
was handed down from daughter to daughter— from 
Eve to her daughter Mary, who escaped through the 
roof, from her to her daughter, Rachel Dibert Kauff- 



man, and from her to Sarah. It is about 123 years old. 



^HB * ^Pl 

fc' « ,^|V) 

^H * ^^^ 




■j^t .»»■■■ 











.;.*(. '^^H 



Hr. «■--:: ^1 


1 "^ 



k-'t ^f!^l 









^j" 1 



p'^' 1 





■>--<^' -■,:! 

• .JU 





i^E^^t "* -'J 

iC -f 'M 





K '*- ] 



As Mrs. Elder who was captured on the branch 
must have been in the fort at Detroit as a companion 
of Mrs. Earnest, I give her history from Jones' History 
of Juniata Valley in full. I was impressed when I read 
that Mrs. Elder was captured while visiting the sick. 


I have known one family of her descendants all my life 
— George Elder's of Buffalo Mills, Pa. I think he was a 
grandson of this Mrs. Elder. I have known of Mrs. 
George Elder (Peggy Cessna) walking miles and visit- 
ing the sick and carrying things to the poor, and of 
her children doing similar deeds of kindness. 

My aunt Agnes says, ' ' Mrs. Elder heard her child- 
ren coming singing through the woods to meet her just 
when she was captured. She told the Indians to hurry 
off for she heard the whites coming and thus saved her 
children from being killed, or captured with her." 

Mrs. Elder was gone two years. The family have 
in their possession a Bible printed in 1748, presented 
to her by a British subject for her bravery when she 
was exchanged, also other relics. She was born in 

I quote also from "Jones" about her husband, 
which does not agree with the sketches of the Elders 
in later histories, giving it that Mrs. Elder and her 
husband settled in Cumberland Valley Township in 

"The first murder committed in Woodcock Valley 
during the Revolutionary struggle occurrred at Coffey 
Run near the present residence of Mr. Entriken. The 
victim was a man named Elder, the husband of the 
woman mentioned in a preceding chapter as having 
been carried a captive to Detroit by the Indians. He 
was on his way home with Richard Shirley, when he 
was shot and scalped. This was in 1778." 

"The country between the mouth of the Raystown 
Branch of the Juniata and what is called the Crossings 
was thinly settled prior to the Revolution. The land, 
and general appearance of things, did not strike 


settlers very favorably; hence it may be assumed that 
it was only taken up about 1772, when the new-comers 
from the eastern counties had already taken up the 
choice tracts lying continious to the river. 

The first depredation committed on the Branch, 
near its mouth, by the savages, occurred in May, 1780. 
A band of roving Indians were known to be in the 
country, as several robberies had occurred in Hartslog 
Valley, at houses belonging to men who with their 
families were forted either at Lytle's or at Huntingdon. 
A scout had ranged the entire frontier in search of 
these depredators, but could not find them. They were 
seen in Woodcock Valley, and information immediatley 
conveyed to the commander at the fort in Huntingdon. 
A scout was sent to Woodcock Valley, but got upon the 
wrong trail, as the Indians had crossed the Terrace 
Mountain, where, it appears, they divided into two 
parties. One of them went to the house of one 
Sanders, on the Branch ; and just as the family were 
seating themselves at the table to eat dinner, five of the 
savages bounded in, and killed Sanders, his wife, and 
three children. An Englishman and his wife, whose 
names are not recollected, were in the house at the 
time, both of whom begged for their lives, declared 
they were loyal to the king, and would accom.pany 
them. The Indians agreed to take them along as 
prisoners, notwithstanding at that period scalps com- 
manded nearly as high a price as prisoners. The 
Englishman and his wife were taken to Montreal. 

The day following the above massacre, the other 
party of savages, who it appears had taken the country 
nearer the Juniata to range through, made their ap- 
pearance at the house of a Mrs. Skelly, who was sick in 


bed at the time, and her nearest neighbor, Mrs. Elder, 
being there on a visit. It was a beautiful May-day 
Sabbath afternoon, when Mrs. Elder prepared to go 
home, and Felix Skelly, the son, agreed to accompany 
her part of the way. They had gone probably a hund- 
red rods through a meadow, when Mrs. Elder noticed a 
savage, partly concealed behind some elder-bushes. 
She stopped suddenly, and told Felix, who had got a 
little in advance, to return, as there were Indians 
about. Skelly said he thought not, and advised her to 
come on, or it would be night before he could return. 
Mrs. Elder stood still, however, and soon saw the figure 
of the Indian so plainly as not to be mistaken, when she 
screamed to Felix to run, and, when in the act of turn- 
ing around, a savage sprang from behind an elder-bush 
into the path, and seized her by the hair. Another 
seized Skelly, and in a moment the shout of victory 
went up, and three or more Indians came from their 
places of concealment. Finding themselves captives, 
and unable to remedy matters, they submitted with a 
good grace. 

Fortunately for them, the warrior who had com- 
mand of the party could speak a little English, and was 
a little more humane than the generality of savages of 
the day. He gave Mrs. Elder positive assurance that 
no harm should befall her. He would not, however, 
give the same assurance to Skelly. They took up their 
line of march over the Terrace Mountain, crossed over 
to the base of the Allegheny, avoiding as much as pos- 
sible the white settlements, and crossed the mountain 
by the Kittanning Path. 

Skelly, although but seventeen years of age, was 
an athletic fellow, well built, and weighed in the 


neighborhood of one hundred and eighty pounds. The 
Indians, noticing his apparent strength, and in order 
probably to tire him, so that he would make no effort 
to escape, loaded him down with the plunder they had 
taken in Hartslog Valley. In addition to this, they 
found on the Allegheny Mountains some excellent wood 
for making bows and arrows, a quantity of which they 
cut and bound together, and compelled Skelly to carry. 
Mrs. Elder was obliged to carry a long-handled frying 
pan, which had been brought all the way from Ger- 
many by a Dunkard family, and had, in all probability, 
done service to three or four generations. Of course, 
Mrs. Elder, burdened with this alone, made no com- 

At length the party reached an Indian town on the 
Allegheny River, where it was determined that a halt 
should take place in order to recruit. One of the 
Indians was sent forth to apprise the town of their 
coming; and on their entering the town they found a 
large number of savages drawn up in two lines about 
six feet apart, all armed with clubs or paddles. Skelly 
was relieved of his load and informed that the perform- 
ance would open by his being compelled to run the 
gauntlet. Skelly, like a man without money at one 
o'clock who has a note to meet in bank before three, 
felt the importance and value of time ; so, walking 
leisurely between the lines, he bounded off at a speed 
that would have done credit to a greyhound, and reach- 
ed the far end without receiving more than one or two 
light blows. He was then exempt, as no prisoner was 
compelled to undergo the same punishment twice. 

The Indians, disappointed by the fleetness of 
Skelly, expected to more than make up for it by pum- 


melling Mrs. Elder; but in this they reckoned without 
their host. The word was given for her to start, but 
the warrior who had captured her demurred, and not 
from disinterested motives either, as will presently 
appear. His objections were overruled, and it was 
plainly intimated that she must conform to the custom. 
Seeing no method of avoiding it, Mrs. Elder, armed 
with the long-handled pan, walked between the lines 
with a determined look. The first savage stooped to 
strike her, and in doing so his scant dress exposed his 
person, which Mrs. Elder saw, and anticipated his in- 
tention by dealing him a blow on the exposed part 
which sent him sprawling upon all fours. The chiefs 
who were looking on laughed immoderately, and the 
next four or five, intimidated by her heroism, did not 
attempt to raise their clubs. Another of them, deter- 
mined to have a little fun, raised his club; but no 
sooner had he it fairly poised than she struck him upon 
the head with the frying pan in such a manner as in 
all likelihood made him see more stars than ever lit the 
"welkin dome." The Indians considered her an 
Amazon, and she passed through the lines wihout fur- 
ther molestation; but, as she afterward said, she "did 
it in a hurry. ' ' 

The squaws, as soon as she was released, com- 
menced pelting her with sand, pulling her hair, and 
offering her other indignities, which she would not put 
up with, and again had recourse to her formidable 
weapon — the long-handled pan. Lustily she plied it, 
right and left, until the squaws were right glad to get 
out of her reach. 

In a day or two the line of march for Detroit was 
resumed, and for many weary days they plodded on 


their way. After the first day's journey, the warrior 
who had captured Mrs. Elder commenced making love 
to her. Her comely person had smitten him; her 
courage had absolutely fascintated him, and he com- 
menced wooing her in the most gentle manner. She 
had good sense enough to appear to lend a willing ear 
to his plaintive outpourings, and even went so far as to 
intimate that she would become his squaw on their 
arrival at Detroit. This music was of that kind which 
in reality had "charms to soothe the savage," and mat- 
ters progressed finely. 

One night they encamped at a small Indian village 
on the bank of a stream in Ohio. Near the town was 
an old deserted mill, in the upper story of which Skelly 
and the rest of the male prisoners were placed and the 
door bolted. That evening the Indians had a grand 
dance and a drunken revel, which lasted until after 
midnight. When the revel ended, Skelly said to his 
comrades in captivity that he meant to escape if pos- 
sible. He argued that if taken in the attempt he 
could only be killed, and he thought a cruel death by 
the savages would be his fate, at all events, at the end 
of the journey. They all commenced searching for 
some means of egress, but none offered, save a window. 
The sash was removed, when, on looking out into the 
clear moonlight, to their horror they discovered that 
they were immediately over a large body of water, 
which formed the mill dam, the distance to it being not 
less than sixty feet. They all started back but Skelly. 
He, it appears, had set his heart upon a determined 
effort to escape, and he stood for a while gazing upon 
the water beneath him. Every thing was quiet; not a 
breath of air stirring. The sheet of water lay like a 


large mirror, reflecting the pale rays of the moon. In 
a minute Skelly formed the desperate determination of 
jumping out of the mill-window. 

"Boys," whispered he, "I am going to jump. The 
chances are against me; I may be killed by the fall, 
recaptured by the savages and killed, or starve before 
I reach a human habitation ; but then I may escape, and, 
if I do, I will see my poor mother, if she is still alive, 
in less than ten days. With me, it is freedom from 
this captivity now, or death." So saying, he sprang 
from the window-sill, and before the affrighted 
prisoners had time to shrink, they heard the heavy 
plunge of Skelley into the mill-dam. They hastened to 
the window, and in an instant saw him emerge from 
the water unharmed, shake himself like a spaniel, and 
disappear in the shadow of some tall trees. The wary 
savage sentinels, a few minutes after the plunge, came 
down to ascertain the noise, but Skelly had already 
escaped. They looked up at the window, concluded 
that the prisoners had amused themselves by throwing 
something out, and returned to their posts. 

The sufferings of Skelly were probably among the 
most extraordinary ever endured by any mortal man. 
He supposed that he must have walked at least forty 
miles before he stopped to rest. He was in a dense 
forest, and without food. The morning was hazy, and 
the sun did not make its appearance until about ten 
o'clock, when, to his dismay, he found he was bearing 
nearly due south, which would lead him right into the 
heart of a hostile savage country. After resting a short 
time, he again started on his way, shaping his course by 
the sun northeast, avoiding all places which bore any re- 


semblance to an Indian trail. That night was one that 
he vividly remembered the balance of his life. As 
soon as it was dark, the cowardly wolves that kept out 
of sight during the day commenced howling, and soon 
got upon his track. The fearful proximity of the 
ravenous beasts, and he without even so much as a 
knife to defend himself, drove him almost to dispair, 
when he discovered a sort of a cave formed by a pro- 
jecting rock. This evidently was a wolf's den. The 
hole was quite small, but he forced his body through 
it, and closed the aperture by rolling a heavy stone 
against it. Soon the wolves came, and the hungry 
pack, like a grand chorus of demons, kept up their 
infernal noise all night. To add to the horrors of his 
situation, he began to feel the pangs of both hunger 
and thirst. With the break of day came relief, for his 
cowardly assailants fled at dawn. He ventured out of 
the den, and soon resolved to keep on the lowlands. 
After digging up some roots, which he ate, and re- 
freshing himself at a rivulet, he traveled on until after 
nightfall, when he came upon the very edge of a preci- 
pice, took a step, and fell among five Indians sitting 
around the embers of a fire. Uninjured by the fall, he 
sprang to his feet, bounded off in the darkness before 
the Indians could recover from their surprise, and made 
good his escape. 

In this way he travelled on, enduring the most ex- 
cruciating pains from hunger and fatigue, until the 
fourth day, when he struck the Allegheny River in 
sight of Fort Pitt; at which place he recruited for a 
week, and then returned home by way of Bedford, in 
company with a body of troops marching east. 


His return created unusual gladness and great re- 
joicing, for his immediate friends mourned him as 
one dead. 

Mrs. Elder gave a very interesting narrative on 
her return, although she did not share in the sufferings 
of Skelly. She was taken to Detroit, where she lived 
in the British garrison in the capacity of a cook. From 
there she was taken to Montreal and exchanged, and 
reached home by way of Philadelphia. 

Felix Skelly afterward moved to the neighborhood 
of Wilmore, in Cambria County, where he lived a long 
time, and died full of years and honor." 

While gathering data for this story, I spent the 
winter of 1907 in Michigan at the home of my sister, 
near Grand Rapids. I saw much in their papers about 
the Michigan Historical Society, and especially about 
Detroit.. I wrote to one of their members about the 
old fort. I received the following: 


Detroit, Mich., March 2d, 1907. 

Dear Mrs. Replogle: 

Your inquiry about old Fort Lemoult, afterward 
named by the Americans Fort Shelby has come into my 
hands. This old fort was demolished more than 60 
years ago. The city post-office now stands on its site. 
In excavating for the foundation of the post-office the 
base of the old flag staff was dug up and preserved, 
with a suitable inscription; it is now in the city mu- 

There is no book devoted to a history of the fort, 
but there are accounts of it in various histories of the 


city and in the volumes of the Pioneer Collection. 
Shortly after the English took possession of Detroit in 
1760 they abandoned the old French fort on the river 
front and built the new one back on the hill beyond the 
little creek, Savoyard. This fort the British continued 
to occupy until they surrendered it to the United States 
in 1796. During the Revolution the British forces at 
Detroit led the Indians to harrase the white settle- 
ments in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Virginia and many 
prisoners were captured by them and taken to Detroit. 
Quite a number of these prisoners continued to live at 
Detroit or vicinity after their release. Some visited 
their old homes and then came back again bringing 
their families, whose descendants are still living in 
southeastern Michigan. I have not seen a picture of 
old Fort Lemoult or Shelby and doubt very much 
whether there is any such in existence. 
Very Respectfully yours, 

Henry M. Utley, City Librarian. 

Chapter VI. 


IV^INE years after Mrs. Earnest and her boys were 
-^^ taken from their home near Ft. Bedford, they were 
released at Fort Detroit, and started back to find the 
old place. 

As stated before she had saved some money. She 
bought a pony and rode back. One's imagination must 
supply material for this chapter for lack of facts. How 
different the home-coming from the going! Going in 
terror under threat of the tomahawk, weary and hun- 
gry and longing for her Father above to end it all; 
coming back with fond anticipation of meeting at least 
some of her children again ! And more than all she 
could ride a pony instead of walk and carry her baby 
on her back. Talk about heroes! Here was one. 
Some of the greatest heroes have been uncrowned 

Henry had grown to be a big strong boy, up in his 
teens, and likely walked the best part of the way back, 
while baby Mike was about eleven years old, and doubt- 
less, rode the pony often, while his mother walked. 

It must have been summer time when they came, 
for the marshy forests and streams would have been 
almost impassible in the winter. At the present time 
we can hardly realize what such a journey then was 
through the primitive forests. The most of the country 
around the lakes was covered with water part of the 
year. I saw forests in southern Michigan in April, 
1907 covered with water, some places several feet deep. 


No one knows if she had ever heard whether her 
other children had been killed by the Indians or not. 
She may have heard, as there were others in the fort 
from near Bedford County, at the same time, taken 
there later than she was, but no one knows. While 
they came back joyful and happy to be free, they had 
many hardships, stopping to rest and sleep often no 
doubt, where the wild beasts were near them. They 
may have come with other parties or they may have 
come alone. Not by the Indian trail that they went, 
but over the Allegheny Mountains, by the Forbes Road 
they came, and on down to the old town, which had 
grown larger — a few miles more — imagine that meet- 

It is said by some that she came to the home of her 
son and told them who she was, and they told her he 
was at the barn. She went out there where they met 
and found each other. 

Chapter VIL 

IT is not known whether the children after that 
awful morning, when they came out from their hiding- 
places and found each other, had lived on together in 
their home or not. Adam Earnest says the children 
fled to the Fort. It was a day never to be forgotten by 
them, and they told this story over and over again to 
their children and grandchildren, and thsy told it over 
and over again to their posterity. 

The neighbors were not very near in thosD early 
days, but they came and buried the body and scalp of 
the father and the other men in a field near by. 
Mother and the little boys gone and dread of the In- 
dians again, it would have been great bravery for them 
to live on in this old home. 

When Mrs. Earnest found her children again, her 
son George had been married to a daughter of Conrad 
Samuels, named Elizabeth. 

After her coming back she was always called 
"Indian Eve." Sometime after her return, she mar- 
ried George's wife's father—Conrad Samuels. He 
owned a lot of land and lived in what was then one of 
the best houses in the country. Mr. Howard Black- 
burn in his late history of Bedford County gives a good 
description of this old house, which I quote in full. 

Speaking of the oldest settlers of Bedford town- 
ship, Mr. Blackburn says, "On the farm of Mr. Wm. 
Phillips, near the village of Cessna, in the northern 
part of this township, is located what is, in all proba- 


bility, the oldest house in the county. The building- 
is a one and a half story log structure, about twenty 
eight by forty feet in size. It has a small stone walled 
cellar at the southeast corner, and a large outside stone 
chimney on the west end. In its construction the 
building is not much unlike others of its kind, though 
the notching and saddling on the corners are deeper 
and more neatly executed than usual. Just when the 
building was erected is not now known. Some of the 
old residents of the community remember having got- 
ten information from an old Mrs. Earnest, who died 
many years ago at a very advanced age, concerning the 
history of the house in its earlier days, and from this 
source we learn that it must have been built nearly two 
hundred years ago. This theory is supported also by 
two dates carved upon stones in the cellar wall, the one 
of which is "1710" and the other "1736." It is pre- 
sumed that the former is the date of original construc- 
tion, and the latter that of one of the changes or im- 
provements subsequently made. There are well mark- 
ed evidences of such improvements in the way of en- 
larged windows, changing of a door-way to a window, 
the removal of an inside chimney, and other similar 
improvements, all of which have been done many years 
ago. Besides the quaintness of the building in its ap- 
pearance, and the evidences of its great age, the feat- 
ure wich makes it especially interesting is the tradition 
that it was at one time used as a fort to protect the 
settlers from Indians' assaults. There are evidences 
still to be found that a stockade at one time surrounded 
or partially surrounded the building, and there are 
evidences also that a stockade protected a pathway 
from the building to a spring a few rods distance on 


the south side. Who knows but what this may have 
been the fort called 'Wingawn' which is named among 
the early forts of Bedford County, but which our 
learned historians have never been able to locate," 

"It is said that a family by name of Earnest was 
captured at one time near Alum Bank (now on the 
Rininger farm) and Mr. Earnest killed by the Indians. 
The mother and two sons, after being held in captivity 
for some time, in some way procured their release, and 
returned to this community, the mother riding a pony 
furnished her by the Indians. Mrs. Earnest married a 
man by the name of Samuels, who dying, left this 
house, together with some surrounding land, to his 
widow\ as her share of his estate. It afterwards passed 
through the ownership of the Earnests and possibly 
others down to Jacob Walter, whose son-in-law, Mr. 
William Phillips, is its present owner. Mr. Phillips is 
a progressive farmar, has new buildings and many 
other improvements on the premises, but takes con- 
siderable pride in preserving .his old historic land mark 
unchanged as far as possible from its appearance of 
ages past. ' ' 

This picture was given me by Mr. Phillips and is 
the same as the one Mr. Blackburn has in his history. 
This is Mr. and Mrs. Phillips on the old porch. They 
use it to live in during the summer as it is cool, pleasant 
and roomy. There are four parts in it down stairs, 
two rooms on the east side and a kitchen, and room on 
the west, and a good room upstairs. The stairway in 
the corner of the kitchen shows a more primitive way 
of going up. Beneath this is a cellar-way of stone 
steps of excellent masonry, easy to ascend. They are 
not used now. There is a good entrance from the out- 









side at the east. Many of these changes — partitions 
etc., were made by Jacob Walter, Mrs. Phillips' father. 
Mrs. Phillips showed me a place in the cellar near the 
inside stairway where there was a low stone wall 
around for a milk trough. Here she said the people 
said " 'Indian Eve' kept her milk and made such good 

From incidents given by direct descendants of 
those who lived in this old historic house, we must 
come to the conclusion that it was used for a fort very 
early as I have stated in a previous chapter. 

Mrs. Sill said, "When my grandfather, George 
Earnest, lived here, in the house at the foot of the hill, 
just below the old one, one time they all went to the 
fort at Bedford but one man. He said, 'he wasn't 
afraid,' When they came back he was killed." 

Mrs. Sarah Fetters says, "My grandmother was a 
daughter of Conrad Samuel and they lived in this old 
house. When she was a baby less than a year old, the 
Indians came upon them suddenly. They could not get 
in to get the baby, as it was upstairs asleep; they 
mounted their horses and escaped to Fort Bedford. 
They were in great suspense and could not sleep. The 
next morning a lot of men came out in great fear and 
found the baby upstairs asleep unharmed." 

Mr. Blackburn in speaking of the early churches in 
Bedford County refers to the Messiah Lutheran Church 
in Bedford Township as one of the early organizations. 
He says, "its date is about 1790. A log building, 
thirty by fifty feet, was erected soon after this time, 
which was replaced in 1838 by a stone structure 38 by 
52 feet in size, which in 1867 gave place to a still 
larger frame building 40 by 60 feet in size." 



When this log church was built Mrs. Phillips says, 
"Indian Eve cooked for the men who built it. She 
hung a red handkerchief on a pole when the meals 
were ready, as it was in sight of this old house where 
she lived." 

While Mr. Blackburn was writing the above the 
congregation was considering whether they should 






"'v;:. ▼ 1 X^ ^' • 




- ' J- ? 




repair the frame church or build a new one. The same 
year I think they built a fine brick building, this being 
the fourth church by this large old cemetery. 

I shall never forget one morning in the autumn of 
1906, when I stood in the sunlight on the porch of „this 
historic old house. Just a few feet to the east is Mr. 
Phillips' modern house with large lawn — a very pleas- 
ant country home. I had spent the night with them. 
Mrs. Phillips' sister — Mrs. Zimmers — was to be buried 
that morning. The former had just told me that they 
had all been reared and married in this old house, and 
she had always lived on this place. I went over into 
the old house and walked all through it and came out 
and stood on the porch. Just then the bell at the new 
Messiah church, just in view over on a pretty slope^ 
tolled about 87 times, telling the age of Mrs. Zimmers. 

I stood long in silent meditation. It seemed like a 
sacred place. Here they came in and out in their child- 
hood, here were their glad wedding days, and Mrs. 
Phillips, the last one left to tell the story. Then I 
looked at the old shrubbery, some of it planted no 
doubt by Indian Eve, but the house with its stockades 
was old when these were planted. If its old walls 
could speak, what a history! 

Mrs. Sill and Mrs. Phillips were cousins, their 
mothers being Dibert sisters. Mrs. Sill's mother dying 
when she was young requested Mrs. Phillip's mother, 
Mrs. Walter, to take her and raise her. So they grew 
up together in this old house and were married here. 

Geo. Earnest's widow lived to be quite old and she 
told the Indian story again and again to these girls. 
Mrs. Sill said, "once when I was a little girl, I went 
down to Grannie Earnest's house as a 'belsnickle' to 



scare her. She went by the name of 'Grannie Earnest.' 
I peeped in and saw her reading in their large old Ger- 
man family Bible. I could not do it." 

Indian Eve lived quite a while after her return. 
She lived sometime after her husband and was left 
with plenty as he willed her 50 acres of land with the 
old house. 

















In the beautiful old cemetery at Messiah Church 
she is buried. She was laid to rest beside the little log 
church she helped to build. No marble slab marks her 
resting place, but a large snowball bush at a gray 
headstone blooms every spring and tells the story of 
her life. Just a few weeks ago we scratched away the 
leaves and read "E. S. 1815," on the old stone. 

Her son, George, is buried by her side with date on 
tomb stone. Born April 3, 1762, died March 28, 1817, 
aged 55 years. Beside his grave is his wife's, Elizabeth 
Earnest. Born April 25, 1764, died Nov. 8, 1847, aged 
83 years.. 

All around her lie many of her descendants. 

There has been talk of erecting a monument to her 
memory. Some of the descendants have told me they 
would help if it is started. Surely such a brave and 
noble woman ought to be remembered. However, if 
this is not done the large snowball bush will if it lives 
bloom on as Mrs. Phillips says, "So beautifully every 
year." The memory of her brave and noble life is 
more than marble. 

I have learned just recently that Mrs. Sarah Fetters 
has her trunk as a relic — one of the little old hide 
covered trunks. Her husband John Fetters was a great 

The Samuel husband is not buried here but in an 
old grave yard in a field on the farm without tomb 
stone where doubtless one of his other wives was 
buried. He had been married twice before. His 
second wife was called Else. She was of Irish de- 
scent. Ludwick Samuels likely a brother of Conrad 
owned the land south of this farm, now the Zimmers' 


After "Indian Eve" died there was a man lived in 
the old house by the name of Broadhead — a noted early 
settler. He was a weaver — had a terrible high temper, 
he would get so angry at the tangled yarn. He had 
lived in this community when the settlers were at Fort 
Bedford frequently. He had a large dog that would 
stay out at the home and come to the Fort when ever 
the Indians came. 

On the morning of the massacre a few miles from 
this spot it looked as if about all was over for this 
mother, but what a posterity is hers! What a family 
tree it would make ! There are not many families 
in this part of Bedford Township who are not in 
some way connected with her descendants and many 
are found all over most of the western states. 

Starting down the line with each child who escaped 
there is a lot of interesting history. 

Chapter VIIL 


Henry Earnest lived nine miles north of Ft, Bed- 
ford. Killed by Indians about the autumn of 1777. 
His wife Eve Earnest captured at same time. 

Children : 

1. George. 4. Johannas. 

2. Mary. 5. Henry. 

3. Jacob. 6. Mike. 

George Earnest. 

Just when I had commenced on this line, and had 
almost given up hope of getting dates from the old 
German Bible which Mrs. Sill and Mrs. Phillips spoke 
of so often, and which was in possession of Mrs. Reip 
near St. Clairsville, a grand-daughter of George, Mr, 
W. E. Nevitt of Tyrone, who has helped so much to get 
data, went to see the Reip folks and got the record. 
He found it in such old German script that he could not 
make much of it out. After much effort he got Rev. 
Zinn, who was visiting there, to translate a part of it. 
He tried to get it photographed but could not. Then 
he found that they would let him bring the record 
along as the leaves were loose. It was a treat to us to 
get it. 

Mr. Nevitt was very much interested in the Bible. 
It is well bound with brass clasps — Martin Luther's 
translation of the Laitn to the German, according to 
the Augsburg Confession, A. D, 1530, making it 380 
years old, and the records back to 1717 — almost 200 


The old book is more a Samuel Bible than an Earn- 
est Bible, as will be seen, but it has the Earnest record. 

The Samuel record: 

Conrad Samuel was born in the year 1717, April 20, 
(Written in German.) 

Elizabeth Samuel was born April the 5th 1764. 

Mary Samuel was born September the 22nd 1769. 

(Written in English by a good scribe, and with ink 
not faded a bit in these 140 years. ) 

Elizabeth Samuel married George Earnest. 

Mrs. Phillips says Mary Samuel married a Reighard. 

A page or more might be filled with bits from old 
hymns in this record, but I could not get any one to 
take time to translate them as they are not written 
well like most of the record. 

There is one whole page in the old Bible, in beau- 
tiful German script, artistic work, which Mr. Nevitt 
would like to have had photographed for the book but 
it was large and part of it too yellow with age. 

Translated it reads thus: 

He who has his Jesus 
As long as this world troubles him 
If he does not leave Jesus 
From the strength of his life 
Let him see in Jesus here 
The open gates of heaven. 

Whoever has Jesus 
In all the burdens of pain 
And who can lay all his burdens 
Only upon his Jesus, 
Jesus will make them easy 
And he will have rest. 


Whoever turns his mind 
Only towards his Jesus 
And lets the wings of faith 
Carry him over all mountains 
He will enter upon the path of heaven 
With his Jesus. 

He who hears the I'ps of Jesus 
And honors His decrees 
Who has taken Jesus wounds 
Upon his own soul, 

His heart — soul — mind — will be filled 
With the blood of Jesus. 

A. D. 1780. 

On another fly leaf: Conrad Samuel, 2£. i2s. 

George Adam Ernst 
Anno 1801 

Holy Deo Gloria, (some of this written in Old Eng- 
lish with black ink that has burned part of the letters.) 
Also, in Latin: The peace of God be with us during our 

Written by a good hand but pale ink : 

Elizabeth Samuel Her Holy Bible Got of her father 
Conrad Samuel in the year of our Lord God 1775. 

Also: In the year 1753, came into this country, 
(written in German, perhaps the landing of the Samuel 

Record of children of George Adam and Elizabeth 
Samuel Ernst as it is found in the old German Bible. 
1786 14 April born a son Johannas 

1788 16 May " daughter Molly 

1790 29 December " " Elizabeth 

1793 12 June " " Catharine 

1794 29 " " "Eve Catharine 



< < 






J y 



> » 

7 > 



1797 15 March 

1800 20 January 

1802 11 August 

1806 6 March 

1. 1809 10 January born Daniel 

2. 1811 11 " " Polly 

3. 1812 7 February " Elizabeth 

4. 1814 15 December in the morning between 2 and 
3 o'clock Sally was born, and was baptized Nov. 2, 
1818. The witnesses of baptism were the parents 
of the child. 

5. 1817 19 March in the night between 11 and 12 
o'clock George was born and was baptized Nov. 2, 
1818. Parents themselves were the witnesses. 
This strange old record is written by fine German 

scribes, especially the last group. These proper names 
are in Old English written by the same hand. 

The group above all but the two last names are all 
written by another hand not quite so good. This was 
all no doubt written by their different ministers at the 
old Messiah Church. It looks as if there were two sets 
of children but there were not, as Geo. Earnest died in 
1817 and his wife Elizabeth in 1847, and they were not 

A strange thing about it is there were three Eliza- 
beths and two Catharines, and Molly and Polly are con- 
sidered the same. 

Elizabeth was a favorite name all through the con- 
nection, and I suppose when one Elizabeth died they 
named another by the same name. This was common 
long ago. 

A number of these children must have died young 


as Mrs. Sill gave me the record of her grandfather with 
only six children. 

I remember of a fine old German marriage certifi- 
cate at our old home — DanieljEarnest, married to Dolly 
Shull. I think this was the Daniel. 

Another strange thing about the record is that 
there are no dates, except one, of marriages or deaths. 
We find the father, George, died Mar. 28, 1817, just 
when his youngest son, George was 9 days old. But 
this does not agree with the witnesses at baptism. 

"Grannie Earnest" as she was called, widow of 
George Earnest lived to be quite old, dying 30 years 
after her husband at her old home where she had al- 
ways lived just at the foot of the hill from the old 
house. This old German Bible she had received from 
her father in 1775, she had been reading all this time — 
72 years. A good record. Mrs. Phillips says, "She 
was going across the road to the spring house one day 
and slipped on a board and broke her leg. She had to 
lie in bed two years — never walked again. Old Dr. 
Watson of Bedford was her physician, Sarah Reighard, 
her grand-daughter, took care of her and old Johannas 
Earnest's wife came and stayed with her often for com- 
pany." This Mrs. Earnest, wife of Johannas 1st, was 
her sister-in-law. I shall speak farther on of another 
sister-in-law, Jacob Earnest's widow, called "Grannie 
Earnest" also. 

1. Johannas Earnest, 2nd, oldest son of George and 
Elizabeth Samuel Earnest. Born April 14, 
1786. Married Catharine Fetter, (sister of 
Michael, who was father of John.) 

1. Margaret Earnest, married Mr. Whitaker. Had 
familv. Moved west. 



2. Mary Earnest, mamed William Carl. 

1. Maria, married Daniel C. Dibert, a great 

grand son of "Indian Eve." See 
Mary Earnest Dibert line. 

2. Hester, married Abram Snavely. 

1. Alice. 2. Minnie. 3. Daniel. 

3. Jacob, married Annie Koontz. 

3. Michael Earnest, called California Mike. Spent 

20 years in California, came back and lived 
at Wolfsburg, Bedford Co., Pa. Dead. 
Married Hettic Ling, (sister of Simon Ling 
of Bedford.) 

1. Maria, married Phillip Beegle, of Pleasant 


2. Anna, married Geo. Blackburn, dead. 

3. Mary, married Frank Gilchrist, live in 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

4. Catharine, married Shunk Defibauirh. 

5. Alexander married Emma Koontz. Widow 

lives in Bedford. He was killed. 

4. George Earnest, married Rebecca Ripley. See 

Charles Dibert's line. 

1. David, married Anna Cessna. Called con- 

stable Dave. 
1. Elmer. 2. Charles. 3. Ross. 

4. Josie, married Joe Barley. 

5. May, married Wilson Adams. 

6. Tenie, married Clay Mulon. 

7. Cora. 

2. Joseph married Kate Wolford of Buffalo 

Mills. Live in Ohio. 

1. William. 4. Jacob. 

2. Lizzie. 5. Jesse. 


3. Frank. All dead. 

Frank and Jacob were sailors on Lake 
Erie. The ship sank and they were 

3, Mary Ann, married Adam Earnest, grand 

son of Johannas 1st, son of Henry. 
See Johannas Earnest's line. Johannas 

4. Jacob, died in Bedford of small pox. Buried 

at Messiah cemetery. 

5. Henry Earnest, married 

Thomas, married Susan Zimmers. See Johan- 
nas Earnest's line. Johannas 1st. 
Live in Altoona. 

6. Eliza Earnest, married John Lingafelter, At- 

torney-at-Law Bedford. An invalid for 
1. Mary. 2. Almira. 

2. Mollie Earnest must have died young. Born May 

16, 1788. 

3. Elizabeth Earnest, born Dec. 29, 1790. Married 

Jacob Dibert, son of Frederick and Madaline 
Steel Dibert. 
1. George, married 1st Mollie Croyle. 

1. Jacob, married Miss Weisel. 

2. Catharine, married Fred Koontz. See Fred- 

erick Dibert line. 

3. Mary, married Samuel Mock. 
Married 2nd time Margaret Imler. 

1. Israel, dead. 

2. Joseph. 

3. Margaret, dead. 

Married 3rd time Mary Ann Koontz. 


1. Chas. married Ella Long. 

Mary, married Howard Dively son of Ida 
Dibert. See Mary Earnest's line. 

2. Lavanas, married Miss Pensyl. 

3. John, married Annie Harclerode . 

2. Hettie, married Jacob Fetter, son of Jac. Sr., 

called constable Jac. See Mary Earnest's 

3. Elizabeth, married John Wakefoose. Died re- 

cently near Everett nearly 100 years of age. 

4. Catharine, married John Fetter, brother of Con. 

Jac. See Mary Earnest's line. 

5. Julinana, married John Ling, brother of Simon 

Ling, son of Dan Ling. 
After Elizabeth died, Jacob Dibert married Mary 
Croyle, widow of Henry Croyle, daughter of Jno. 
Dibert, Sr. See Mary Earnest's line. 

1. Jackson Dibert. married Mary Ann Imler, sister 
of John. Dead. 
4. Catharine Earnest, born June 12, 1793. Married 
Christopher Dibert, a son of Frederick and 
Madaline Steele Dibert. 
1. Andrew W. Dibert died at Imlertown a few 
years ago. Married Elizabeth Ritchey. 

1. William W. Dibert, contractor and builder 

at Imlertown. Pa. Married Jennie C. 

2. Catharine, married Phillip Smith. Live in 


3. Christ, married Rebecca Imler. 

4. Sarah, married Shannon Dibert. 

5. Annie. 

6. Grant, married Sadie Yount. 



2. Jonathan, married Mary Jane Croyle. 

1. Frank, married Ella Snider. 

2. Margaret, married Dave Shunk. 

3. Malinda, married Henry Reighard. See 

Mary Earnest line. 

4. Carrie, married Humphrey Dively. 

3. Mary, married Abram Hartzle. Live in Tenn. 

4. Rebecca is dead. 

5. Elizabeth is not married. 

6. Eve is dead. 

7. Henry, married Mary Ling, daughter of John 

Ling. Dead. 



8. Susan is dead. 

9. Catharine is dead. 

Mr. William W. Dibert, of Imlertown, who has 
helped so much, gave me the records of this family 
and his grand-father's brother, Jacob Dibert. 

5. Eva Catharine Earnest, born June 29, 1794. Called 

Eve. Married Michael Fetter. 

1. Dan, married Katy Croyle. 

2. Elizabeth, married Zimmers. 

3. John, married Sarah Fetters. 

6. Elizabeth, born Mar. 15, 1797. Perhaps died young. 

7. Samuel Earnest, born Jan. 20, 1800. died in 1877. 

Married first, Elizabeth Dibert, born in 1801, 
died in 1833, daughter of Frederick and Mada- 
line Steele Dibert. 

1. Catharine Earnest, married young, first to Geo. 

Fetter. No children. Married second to 
Will Earnest. Son of Michael Earnest. 
1. Harry in Kansas. 

2. Sarah Earnest, married Isaac Reighard. 

3. Isaac Earnest, married Catharine Wonder. 

4. Maria Earnest, married Henry Sill. 

1. Sarah, married John Phillips. 

1. Charlie married Josephine Reiswick. 

1. Dorothy, a great, great, great, great, 
grand-daughter of "Indian 

2. Elmira, married Mr. Frank Todd. Live 

in Bedford, Pa. Had three child- 
ren. All dead. 

3. Henrv died when four vears old. 



On one of the leaves of the record in the old Bible, 
is a square marked off with pen, which I find contains 
the record of part of Samuel Earnest's family. I wrote 
it just as it is, with line below. 
Was Born Catherena Earnest April 25th, 1822. 
Was Born Jane Earnest May 25, 1824. 
Was married Samuel Earnest to 
Alizabeth Dibert, June 12th, 1821. 
Sarah Earnest was born the 26th of 
March 1828. 

Adam Earnest was born the 27th of June, 1836. 

It seems strange that the first wife's children are 
not all here. Adam is the oldest son of the second 
wife. These are all faded except the two last and the 
figures in Jane's record. With her record is the sub- 
traction of dates. Thus 1842 


One would infer from this that she died at that age. 

7. Samuel*Earnest,'married second time to Judith Imler. 

1. Adam, born June 27, 1836. 

2._William. living in Friends Cove. Aged 66 years. 

3. Mary, married Adams. Living in Friends 

Cove. Aged 59 years. 

4. Lavanda, marred Feight. Died in Friends 

Cove. Aged 55 years. 

5. Frank, living in Friends Cove. Aged 53 years. 

8. Beckie Earnest, born Aug. 11 1802, married Michael 

1. George, dead. Widow lives in Osterburg. Had 
six children. 



2. Elizabeth, married Michael Sill. Went West. 

Had six sons, all married, live in Illinois and 

3. Catharine, married Jas. Defibaugh. Lived at St. 

Clarsville. Six children, all married. 

4. Mary, called Polly. Married Mr. Colebaugh. 

Sick in bed for several years. Six children, 
all married. 

5. Eve, never married, lives with Mrs. John Fet- 


6. Peggy, never married. 

7. Maria, died young. 

8. Sarah, married Mr. Reip. Live near St. Clairs- 

ville. Two childrer. 



9. Tillie, married David Stambaugh. Seven child- 

9. Natrina Earnest, born Mar. 6, 1806. No further 

record of her. 

10. Daniel Earnest, born Jan. 10, 1809. No further 

record of him. 

11. Polly Earnest, born Jan. 11, 1811. No further 

record of her. 

12. Elizabeth Earnest, born Feb. 7, 1812. Likely died 


13. Sally Earnest, born December 15, 1814. No record. 

14. George Earnest, Jr., born March 19, 1817. No 

I had Miss Grauer, teacher of Language, look over 
the old German record again, and she found below the 
artistic writing, these initials, in Latin: N. P. N. 

Chapter IX. 

Mary Earnest, only daughter of Henry and Eve 

When I commenced to gather data for this story, I 
could not find out what became of Mary after she ran 
through the meadow. Later, I found her in the biog- 
raphy of Dan C. Dibert, in a Bedford Co. History. I 
quote this biography. 

She is buried on the Dibert farm but has no grave- 

(Biography in History of Bedford Co. ) 

Daniel C. Dibert, a well-known farmer and one of 
the older residents of Bedford township, Bedford 
County, Pennsylvania, is a self-made man; that is, one 
who has achieved success in life by his own industry, 
thrift and steadfastness of purpose. A native of this 
township, born Aug. 3d, 1820, son of John and Barbara 
Dibert; he is of German ancestry. 

The first title to land now owned by him was held 
by his paternal grandfather, John Dibert, Sr., whose 
first wife was Ene Ickes, the second being Mary Ear- 
nest. The children of John, Sr., and Ene Dibert were: 
David; Ene, wife of Peter Fetter; Elizabeth, wife of 
Valentine Rinehart; Barbara, wife of Valentine Fickes; 
and Susannah, wife of Samuel Roudabush. The child- 
ren of John, Sr., and Mary Dibert were: John, born 
probably in 1789, father of Daniel C, Margaret, born 
October 4th, 1788, married Jacob Fetter, and died Sept. 
9th, 1869; Catharine, born April 27th, 1792, married 


John Croyle, and died May 15th, 1842; Mary, born Aug, 
20th, 1794, married , first, Henry Croyle, second, Jacob 
Dibert, third, Abram Sill, and died July 3d, 1865; 
Rachel, born Aug. 10th, 1798, married Henry Kauff- 
man, died Jan. 27th, 1885. 

Henry Earnest, Mrs. Mary Dibert's father, was 
killed by the Indians in Bedford Twp. Her mother 
and two brothers were taken captive and carried away, 
but after a number of years they made their escape and 
returned to Bedford. 

John Dibert, second, was a pioneer settler of this 
part of Bedford County and here married Barbara 
Croyle. He died in 1830, while yet in the prime of 
manhood. Uf his children, two survive, namely: 
Daniel C. the special subject of this biography; and 
Mrs. Barbara Zimmers, born in 1826, now the widow 
of the late Samuel Zimmers, of Bedford township. One 
son, John Dibert, third, born in 1818, died while young; 
and David, born in 1822, died in Missouri, Dec. 3, 1898. 

Daniel C. Dibert was deprived of a father's care 
and guidance when a little fellow of eight years. 
From that time until of age he lived in Bedford town- 
ship in the family of Michael Fetter, under whose in- 
stuction he obtained a pactical knowledge ofj farming, 
to which he has devoted the large part of his time. 
His facilites for acquiring an education were meager 
as compared with those of the present day, but he 
made the most of such as were afforded by subscrip- 
tion schools. 

After working as a farm hand several years he in- 
herited the homestead estate, on which he and his wife 
have spent the greater part of their married life. 

In April. 1852, Mr. Dibert married Maria Carrell, 


who was born and bred in Bedford township. They 
were blest with nine children, of whom seven are 
living, namely: Loyd C. and Wayne C. both of Cali- 
fornia; David F. of Manasses, Va. ; Alice M. at home; 
Ida v., wife of Albert Dively; Emma M., at home; and 
Daniel 0. of Colorado Springs, Colorado. Two daugh- 
ters are dead: Minnie E. and Caroline. Mr. and Mrs. 
Dibert are members of the Lutheran Chuch. 

Descendants of John Dibert. 

John Dibert married first, Ene Ickes (some give this 
as Eve.) 

1. David Dibert married Elizabeth Fickes. Her 

father had held a commission under George 
the III. 
1. John Dibert married Rachel Blauch. 

1. David Dibert married Lydia Connelly 


1. Scott Dibert. Lived in Johnstown. 

Died a few months ago. 

2. Frank. Lived at Santa Fe, N. M. 

Died recently. 

3. Florence. Living in Johnstown. 

2. Abram Charles Dibert. Lived in Cali- 

fornia. Came East and died not 
long ago. 

2. Ene Dibert (Mrs. Sill gave this name Eve) mar- 

ried to Peter Fetter, went west. 

3. Elizabeth Dibert married Valentine Rinehart. 

Lived at the John W. Imler farm. No 

4. Barbara Dibert, married Valentine Fickes. 

5. Susannah Dibert, married Samuel Roundabush. 


John Dibert's second wife, Mary Earnest. 

1. Margaret Dibert, born Oct. 4, 1788, married 

Jacob Fetter. Died Sept. 9, 1869. 

1. John, married Catharine Dibert daughter of 

Jac. Dibert. 

2. Jacob, married Hettie Dibert daughter of 

Jac. Dibert. See George Earnest's line- 

1. Mary, married Adam Imler. 

2. Elizabeth, married John May, Bedford. 

3. Margaret, married John Diehl. 

3. Margaret, married Ephraim Koontz. 

1. Jane, married Aaron Cobbler. 

2. Rosan, married Jacob Yount. 

3. Mary, married Thomas Imler. 

4. Margaret, married Mr. Wilson, dead. 

2. John Dibert. born about 1789, married Barbara 

Croyle. Died in 1830. 
1. Daniel C. Dibert, born Aug. 3, 1820, married 
Maria Carrell, April 1852. Great, 
great grand-daughter of "Indian Eve" 
in Geoge Earnest's line. 

1. Lloyd C. Dibert of San Francisco, Cali- 


2. Wayne C. Dibert of San Francisco, Cali- 


3. David F. Dibert, lives at Kittanning 

Point, Pa. Married Sarah Eliza- 
beth Earnest, youngest daughter of 
Daniel Earnest, son of Jacob Ear- 
nest. See Jacob Earnest's line. 

4. Daniel 0. Dibert, Colorado Springs, 


5. Alice M. Dibert at home. 




6. Ida V. Dibert, married to Albert Dively. 
Howard, married Mary Dibert. See Geo. 

Earnest's line. 
1. Paul. 2. Goldie. 
Seventh generation in Mary Earnest's line. Eighth 
and seventh in George Earnest's line. 

7. Emma, married to Roy Imler. 

8. Minnie E. Dibert, dead. 

9. Caroline Dibert, dead. 

2. Barbara Dibert born 1826, died about 1905. 

Married Samuel Zimmers. 
1. Samuel. 2. Amanda. 

3. John, born in 1818, died while young. 

4. David Dibert, barn in 1822, died Dec. 3, 

1898. Lived in Missouri. 

3. Catharine Dibert born Apr. 27th, 1792, died May 

15, 1842. Married John Croyle. 

4. Mary Dibert, born Aug. 20, 1794, died July 3, 

1865. Married first Henry Croyle. Sec- 
ond Jacob Dibert, brother of Christ. Third 
Abram Sill, a brother to Henry Sill's father. 

1. Sam. 2. Catharine, married Dan Fetter. 

3. Mary. 4. Margaret. 

5. Rachael Dibert born Aug, 10, 1798, died Jan. 27, 

1898. Married Henry Kauffman. 

1. John Kauffman, married Mary Riddle, went 


1. David. 4. William. 

2. John. 5. Mary Ellen. 

3. Samuel. 6. Mattie. 

7. Naomi. 

2. George Kauffman, married to Leah Imler. 

1. Frank, living in^Dunkirk, N. Y. 



2. Jennie, married to H. W. Clouse, Roar- 
ing Spring, Pa. 

3. Jacob Kauffman, married Esther Weiant, 

lived near Imler Valley. 

1. Calvin. 6. Sherman. 

2. Cyrus. 7. George. 

3. Birdine. 8. Jennie. 

4. David. 9. Sarah. 

5. Shanon. 10. Effie. 

11. Rebecca. 

4. Henry Kauffman, married Elizabeth Snav- 

ely, sister of Fred. Lived near St. 

1. Frank. 3. Albert. 

2. Calvin. 4. Harry. 

5. Mary. 

5. David Kauffman, married Annie Naugle. 

1. George. 4. Harry. 

2. Charlie. 5. Ella. 

3. Fred. 6. Jesse. 

6. Mary Kauffman, married Samuel Oster. 

Lived near St Clairsville. 
1. George. 2. Frank. 3. Emma. 

7. Margaretta, married Absolam Reighard. 

1. Edward. 3. Georgiana. 

2. Henry. 4. Nellie. 

8. Sarah A. Kauffman, never married, living 

at the old home at Imlertown, Pa. 
I am indebted to her for the Kauffman genealogy. 

Chapter X. 

Jacob Earnest, son of Henry and Eve Earnest, born 
about 1766, died about 1830 at the brick house just 
above Mt. Dallas; married Susannah Defibaugh, daugh- 
ter of Casper Defibaugh, who lived below Bedford at 
the Fisher farm. 

1. Eve. 1. William. 

2. Elizabeth. 2. Edward. 

3. Sally, 3. Jacob. 

4. Susan. 4. 

5. Katy. 5. 

6. Rosa. 6. Daniel. 

There were six sons and six daughters in this 
family. Five of the boys died young, as they were all 
dead before Daniel was born. I have not given all of 
them according to their ages. Daniel was the youngest 
son and Rosa the youngest daughter, and next to him 
in age. Eve and Elizabeth I think were the oldest 

Daniel Earnest said "their parents had a Bible 
with family record. Books were very scarce those 
days . Some one borrowed the Bible and returned it 
with record lost or torn." 
1. Eve Earnest, married Thomas Nevitt. 

The Nevitt record I have from a grandson, Mr. W. 
E. Nevitt of Tyrone. Also a letter from his uncle 
Jacob Earnest Nevitt of Michigan City, Ind., the only 
member of the family living. 




Descendants of Thomas and Eve Earnest Nevitt: 
1. William Nevitt. (died 1909.) Lived near Swanton, 
1. George Nevitt. 



2. Joseph Nevitt. Married a Miss Rakestraw, 
at Kankakee, 111. Had two daughters. 



3. John Nevitt. Never married. 

4. Jacob Nevitt. Married Sallie Sheely of near Ever- 

ett, P?. Live at Michigan City, Ind. 

1. Cromwell Nevitt. Living at Puget Sound. 

2. Lydia. 










5. Susan Nevitt. Married first, Philip Weaverling. 

1. Philip. 
Married second to Jacob Wagner. She died at To- 
peka, Kansas, about 1896. 

6. Thomas J. Nevitt. Born Nov. 1. 1832. Died Aug. 

29, 1902, at Everett, Pa. Married to Plooney 
Jane Otis. 

1. John Franklin. Died in 1864. 

2. William E. Nevitt. Married Mary E. Conner. 

Lives at Tyrone, Pa. 

1. Guy Oscar Nevitt. 

2. Lillian Mae. Married to John S. Ginter. 

1. Wendell Maxwell. 

3. Infant daughter died. 

7. James M. Nevitt. Born Sept. 4, 1841. Died Sept. 

9, 1908 at Rays Hill, Pa. Married Martha Sams. 

1. Porter G. 3. George W. 

2. Daniel M. 4. Mary. 

5. Hayes. 

8. Margaret Elizabeth Nevitt. Born Aug. 11, 1842. 

Died Dec. 31, 1887 at Everett, Pa., while at- 
tending a watch meeting service. Married 
David Wright. 

1. Mollie. 3. Sallie. 

2. Clara. 4. Annie. 

5. Gertie. 

Mr,. Thomas Nevitt, Sr., was quite a historic char- 
acter about Everett and Mt. Dallas in the early days. 
Mr. William Barndollar of Everett said once, "In his 
younger days he was as fine a looking man as you 
would see among five hundred. He was at one time 
Katy Hartley's coachman and manager." 

My stepfather used to tell how he taught his wife 



to make corn pone like they^made it Jn the south. He 
said "they didn't know how to make corn bread in the 

His son John Nevitt was with a corps of U. S. 
Government engineers who plotted the state of Ne- 

When Thomas, Jr., went to Omaha there were only 
two houses besides the usual mud houses. As the town 
grew he followed house painting awhile — later engaged 
in his occupation coach and wagon-making, his brother 
Jacob joining him about this time. 

Joseph Nevitt was a soldier during the war, and 
James, also, the latter a member of Co. C. , 133 Reg. 
Penna. Vol. 

Lake Front, Michigan City, Ind., Sept. 29, 1910. 
My Dear Cousin : 

Your letter reached father the other day * * * * 
Pa's father was born in the District of Columbia, 
in what is now the City of Washington. He was 
seventy two when he died in 1871. He went to Bed- 
ford County, Pa., when a young man. Carried mail 
on horseback during the War of 1812 and 1813. Car- 
ried from Bedford east, but I do not know where to. 
He married Eve Earnest. She lived near Snake 
Springs. Her father was a blacksmith and had a shop 
on the Hartley farm, and when a young man, he used 
to go into the river some where near the Hartley home, 
and cut lead out of the bed of the river., and made 
bullets out of it. William Hartley wanted him to tell 
where it was but he never did. Your^ father hunted 
for the lead vein many times.^ Father's mother was 
some^forty_ years old when she died. She was buried 


at the old stone church yard in Everett. It was Bloody 
Run then. They lived at Friends Cove a number of 
years and father was born there. They also lived at 
Hartley's. When his mother died they were living on 
one of the old Tates farms just west of the Everett 
furnace. Uncle John went west before mother died. 
He had a claim about forty miles northwest of Omaha. 
He sold it for five hundred dollars. Father saw him in 
Omaha just after that. Then he took a boat south and 
spoke of going to Ohio. That was the last anyone ever 
heard of him. When your father and pa first went 
west they thought of going to California but changed 
their minds when they got to Omaha. Father's grand- 
mother Earnest was born in Germany. Came to this 
country when five years old. His grandfather and 
grandmother Nevitt were born and raised in Scotland. 
Have no pictures of uncle John, Joseph, or aunt Susan. 

Father is pretty well considering his age. He was 
seventy eight last March. He hopes he has been able 
to give the lady some information. His father never 
said very much about his people. 

From your uncle and cousin, 

Jacob Earnest Nevitt. 
Lida Henry Nevitt Cady. 

To Wm. E. Nevitt and wife of Tyrone, Pa. 

I find in the record of taxables in 1772 ' ' Casper 
Defibaugh, living near Bedford, owned 150 acres of 
land, 15 improved, horses 2, cows 1." This was not 
long after he came from Germany, by what Jacob 
Nevitt says. 



2. Elizabeth Earnest — always called Betsy, married 

first to a German, Mr. Stuby. 

1. Conrad Stuby, a soldier, 138 Reg. Pa. Vol., 

married Katy May. 

1. Dan. Live on Pacific Coast. 

2. Mary Ellen, Washington state. 

3. John. 

2. Jacob Stuby, married a Miss College. Lived in 

Hopewell Twp., Bedford Co., Pa. Child- 
ren, don't know the names. 

3. Frederick Stuby, married Jane Wertz, daughter 

of Thomas and Eve Dibert Wertz. See 
Eve Dibert Wertz line. 

1. Henry Heckerman. 3. Maggie. 

2. Charles. 4. Minerva. 

4. Mary Stuby, a cripple from spinal trouble. 
Elizabeth's second husband— Mr. Edenbaugh. 

1. Daniel. 

3. Sally Earnest, married Steven Clarke of Bedford. 

1. Eliza, married Mr. Reis. Lived in Pittsburg. 

2. Rachael. 

3. Lydia, lived in New Orleans before the war. 

4. Mary, lived with friends in St. Louis. 
All the girls dead. 

5. John, lived with some one near Everett till he 

was grown. Perhaps living in the west. 

4. Susan Earnest, married a Mr. Wickersham of West 

Chester. No children living. 

5. Katy, died in infancy. 

6. Rosa, married Thomas Border of Clear Ridge, moved 

to Athens Co., 0. 
1. Abbie. 2. Conrad. 3. Jacob. 

















12. Daniel, born July 4, 1818, died in Sept. 1901, mar- 
ried first to Eliza Wertz, daughter of Thomas 
and Eve Dibert Wertz. 
1. William, a soldier in war 138 Reg. Pa. Vol. 
Lives in Chicago. Married Kate Suters. 
She died when seme of her children were 
quite young. 

JACOB earnest's LINE. 




1. Harvey, lives at Pearl City, 111. 

2. Dillie, lives in Freeport, 111. 

3. Oscar, lives in Pearl City, 111. 

4. George, soldier in Spanish American war. 


5. Roll, lives in Pearl City, 111. 

6. Alge, lives in Pearl City, 111. 

7. Daisy in Iowa. 

2. Emily Jane, married Alfred Phillips. Live at 
Red Cloud, Neb. 
1. Daniel. 2. Edna, student McPherson Col- 
lege, Kan. 


3. Rosa, married Richard May. Live in Hayes 
Centre, Neb. 
1. Flora, married Mr. John Snee, a ranchman. 







oi 2 








































2. Blair, married Sophie Fomoff. 

1. Elvina Evaline. 

2. Ada Eleanor. 

3. Irene Rosanna. 

3. Earl, a student at Ann Arbor, Mich. 

4. Mina, at home. 

Daniel Earnest, married second time to Eleanor 
Miller, widow of Jacob Miller of Buffalo Mills, 
Pa., and daughter of Peter and Hannah Ar- 

1. Hannah Belle Earnest, died in 1894, married 

Eugene Noble of Maywood, Neb. He was 
killed in a saw mill in 1902. 

1. Faye Adele. Teaching in Mich. 

2. Iva, living with her cousin Mrs. Flora Snee 

in Neb. 

2. Susanna Rebecca Earnest, married Nathaniel 

Replogle. She died in 1887 and he in 1891. 




1. Chester Earnest Replogle. Juniata Acad- 
emy, 1910. Teaching in Morrison's 

3. Sarah Elizabeth Earnest, married D. [F. Dibert, 

son of Dan. C. Dibert. See Mary Earnest's 

4. Peter Franklin Earnest, married Mrs. Verna 

McDonald of Altoona, Pa. Pa. R. R. Officer, 
living at Huntingdon. 

5. Daniel Henry Earnest, married Bertha King, 

Livp in Altoona. 
1. Alma. 2. Walter. 3. Elizabeth Eleanor. 

6. Edward Oscar Earnest, married Myrtle Diehl. 

Live in Eldorado, Pa. 
1. Iva. 2. Paul. 


In the little romantic valley of Milligans Cove, 
my memory loves to linger. Like Acadia, "This is the 
forest primeval. ' ' Here, in the very heart of nature, 
are the famous white Sulphur Springs — all hallowed 
ground, "the scenes of my child-hood," where we 
loved, "the orchard, the meadow, the deep-tangled 
wild- wood," with its vines, mosses and flowers; the 
tall pines, the sparkling mountain streams and brooks. 

Here, around the old home fireside, we listened to 
the stories of long ago, told by my stepfather, or his 
mother, then about one hundred years old. He told 
us that, once, when he was a boy plowing in a field 
near Mt. Dallas, a mother bear came by with some 
cubs. He caught one, took it home to his mother and 
had it for a pet till it grew up. It became quite saucy. 


and very troublesome, and after quite an experience 
with it, he sold it. 

He told us also, stories of the old wagoners hauling 
great loads from Baltimore and Philadelphia over the 
Alleghenies to Wheeling and Cincinnati. He was quite 
young to be on the road, but large and strong. He was 
called "Will Nycum's big boy." He hauled for Mr. 
Nycum, who lived at "the foot of Dry Ridge," now 
the town of Manns Choice. People just called it "the 
foot," where there were about three houses, and 
two of these old taverns, where wagoners and other 
travelers got plenty to drink before they started up 
this abrupt ascent towards the mountain. Dry Ridge 
is quite a plateau, being as high at some points as the 
Allegheny mountains. At the "foot of Dry Ridge," 
just above where Buffalo Run flows into the Raystown 
Branch of the Juniata, the hills are almost perpendic- 
ular, some places. What was called "the drovers road" 
afterwards, went up "Harmon's Bottom," winding 
around the hills. 

Often in winter, lots of places on the ridge and 
mountain w^ere glittering cakes of ice, over which they 
had to pass with heavy loads. He said the back part 
of the wagon some times was nearly around to the 
front. One time on his way to Cincinnati with a six 
horse team, one of the horses died on the way. He 
sent word back with a returning wagoner, for some 
one to meet him with a horse. A man was sent with a 
horse, but, he was drunk and made him more trouble 
than help. (I do not know if this was while he was 
hauling for Wm. Nycum or Hartleys. He wagoned for 
Hartleys at the age of 16 years, at $10 a month.) 

But the story most interesting to us was the thrill- 


ing Indian story he told so often, while we listened 
spellbound — the capture of his grandmother and her 
two little boys by the Indians, and the killing and 
scalping of his grandfather and the narrow escape of 
the other members of the family. 

Long after we had all gone out from the old home 
(his home was at this time near the scene of the 
massacre) when I was back once, I said to him /'tell 
me the old Indian story again. " His eye lit up as in 
days gone by; it hung yet a clear picture on mem- 
orys gallery. I could detect a little failing, only like 
the least tinge on a leaf. In two months I came again 
and he hardly knew my voice. 

He always began the story this way: "When daddy 
was a boy about ten years old his parents lived out near 
Nelson's Mill, and early one morning the Indians came 
upon them very suddenly in their home. Two men 
had come to make rails. ''Hoot, Hoot" they heard 
and thought it was owls, and one said they would not 
make rails long, as the hooting of the owls was a sign 
of rain. But it was the cry of the Indians and in a few 
moments they were bursting in at the door." 

As I have said several times, I had heard the story 
so often when a child, but I noted it all down with pen- 
cil as he told it, with a feeling of sadness — knowing 
I was likely hearing it for the last time. I said to him, 
"and what became of Mollie?" "Oh I don't know" 
he said, "you see that was so long ago, and we lived 
away from here." He did not know that his youngest 
daughter Sarah had married one of Mollie's descend- 
ants. Thus, there are scores of people who know they are 
descendants of "Indian Eve," but they don't know in 
which line they have come down — abouf two generations 


are a blank to them. It is amusing to hear some people 
talk about it. An old man said "Ah you can see that 

had Indian blood in him." I laughed, for he 

looked more like an Indian than the other man. 

Daniel Earnest's father, Jacob, by all accounts, 
lived most of his life along the old turnpike, between 
Bedford and Everett, then Bloody Run. Daniel always 
spoke of him living in the old brick house near Mt. 
Dallas, dying there, when he was about 12 years old, in 
1830. He had a blacksmith shop there. 

Mr. Jacob Nevitt writes about him going to a lead 
vein in the river and getting lead. Daniel often spoke 
of this. The people tried to watch him, but he would 
go early in the morning and when he came back his 
clothes were wet from wading in the river. They said 
it was pure lead. Some folks gave him whiskey in his 
shop, thnking he would get drunk, and then tell where 
it was. He understood them, and said, "I'll never tell 
you," and with him died the secret. 

Jacob had taken up a piece of vacant land near 
William Hartleys. Several years after his death 
Daniel had a house built on it for his mother, where 
they lived when he caught the little bear. During the 
intervening years they lived near Abram Ritchey's 
woolen factory, now Valley Mill. He always loved to 
talk of his boyhood days at this old place. In a few 
years, he got tired of their little home, as it was not 
enough for him. Often, when speaking of certain 
young people not caring or providing for their parents, 
he would say, "I kept my mother from the time I was 
14 years old." 

After he was married the first time, he farmed for 
Hartleys, Nycums and Lutzs. He was only a year at 

100 . INDIAN EVE. 

Nycums when Katy Hartly drove up to the "Foot" to 
see him, and get him to come and farm for her. He 
said "I knew where I was going and went." Mr. John 
Lutz told me, he was farming for his father the year 
of the pmnpkin flood — 1847. The water was so high 
they had to get out of their house at the woolen factory 
and go in with Earnests in the tenant house. 

After his first wife's father, Thomas Wertz, died, 
he moved to Milligans Cove, and farmed for his mother- 
in-law. He bought the farm some time after this. 

Daniel Earnest's biography would be incomplete 
without being associated with his mother's— Susannah 
Defibaugh Earnest, as they always lived together from 
the time he was born until she died, from 1818 to 
1866. She was a wonderful woman. My earliest reco- 
lection of her, was putting her two little grand daugh- 
ters in their trundle bed, tucking them in with their 
night caps on, and hearing them say their evening 
prayers, "Now I lay me." Their mother having died 
they were under her special care. She would want us 
to be very quiet when it thundered. I can see her yet, 
sitting so reverently, and we, all around her with 
hardly a whisper, during a thunder storm. "Hush!" 
she would say. By we, I mean her two grand daugh- 
ters and my sister and I. We grew up as real sisters 
and have always been so. When my stepsisters burned 
themselves they always ran quick to "Grannie" to blow 
over the burn and say Dutch words. I didn't have very 
much faith in it. I think I went to her once. 

"Grannie," we called her, used to tell how, "when 
she was a girl, at her father's home — down along the 
river, the Indians used to come near them, and look at 
them, while they did their washing and scouring at the 


river bank." I suppose they scoured pewter plates and 
milk lids, etc. I remember of a great large pewter 
plate and a smaller one in the old home. She told 
also, how "the children walked up to Bedford to church 
in the summer bare footed, and the town boys would 
spit on their feet." Those early days, the children, 
especially in the country, didn't have very fine shoes. 

Mr. Simon Snider of New Enterprise says "I re- 
member her quite well. She was the doctor in all 
Snake Spring Valley. When any body was sick they 
sent for ' Grannie Earnest. ' " He relates several in- 
cidents of her life. 

She could sew without glasses when she was about 
97 or 98 years old. Her grand daughter, Mrs. Eliza 
Reis from Pittsburg, visited her and gave her a cambric 
handkerchief to hem which she wanted as a relic, also, 
took a lock of her hair to get braided, which was not 
clear white yet. 

Eliza Reis' sister, Mary Clarke visited her about 
1861. She was a lovely girl — had lived at St. Louis 
with friends, where she had been burned so terribly by 
gas, that she was disfigured. Just before she left, we 
children went with her to Summer Ridge and gathered 
huckleberries, which she took along. We broke off 
the bushes and carried to her and she picked them off. 
She was not strong enough to get around. She had 
her brother John along; she was taking him along to 
the West. They rode horse back "^to the Sulphur 
Springs. She had never been on a horse before. Some 
one led the horse at first till she got started. 

"Grannie" sewed 'till she was almost 100 years old. 
She hemmed and felled with such short stiches- beau- 
tiful work. : Every summer day she sat in the kitchen 


door way with her work, mostly mending. She would 
not sew on Ascension day for any thing till she got a 
little bit childish, then she said "Dan and all the rest 
worked, and I will work too." 

She got very childish the last year she lived, 1865 
and 1866, dying in February 1866, 101 years old, as nearly 
as her son could tell. She did not know any of the 
family towards the last. We cared for her like a child. 

She was the first person I saw die. I always had a 
childish curiosity to know how people died. Our 
parents with the younger children, started early 
one morning in a sled on a visit to my grand- 
father Arnold's, in Cumberland Valley, leaving their 
grist, as they called it then, at Wolfsburg Mill, till 
they returned. "Grannie" was asleep when they 
started. She never had been sick a day that we re- 
membered. She did not get up as usual, and was 
drowsy. We saw there was something wrong and 
called in a neighbor that evening. The next morning 
dear old Mrs. Cook said, "children you are just scared 
about 'Grannie,' she will get better soon," but we 
knew her too well. I fed her coffee soup, which she 
ate as usual; the death rattle was in her throat, 
but I didn't know it. I went to the kitchen then, as 
she seemed to be resting. In about an hour I heard 
her, ran in, calling the other children, who were near, 
but she breathed her last before they got in. I often 
think of that moment; I, a child of fifteen years alone 
with that centenarian and the Angel of Death. Away 
over in Germany one hundred and one years before 
that, the Angel of birth had come to a home, and they 
christened a little girl Susannah Defibaugh. 

She used to say to my mother, "I had twelve child- 


ren, six boys and six girls. My boys all died before 
they grew up but Dan. He never saw any of his 

Her daughter Betsy saw a great deal of trouble. 
She had married a German, named Stuby. They lived 
in Somerset Co. He got money every now and then 
from Germany. One day he went to the town of 
Somerset to get his money as usual, expecting to be 
home till evening. They waited on him for supper; 
she went out and called and called for him. He never 
returned. They always thought he had drawn his 
money and had been murdered. She came back with 
her children and lived awhile with her mother and 
Daniel. She married again, a man named Edenbaugh. 
They lived out from Bedford, I think in the old stone 
house near Bee Millers. He was working at a lime 
kiln; got his foot fast in some way, some one poured a 
bucket of water around his leg. He met a terrible 
death. Again she came home to her mother — with one 
child, Daniel Edenbaugh. After the Stuby children 
were grown they each got some money from Germany 
— I think over $2,000 in all. Daniel Earnest used to 
say "I always had a large family to keep." 

Without a father's care or help, supporting his 
mother and others of the family from boyhood, thrown 
in company with rough wagoners — a whole bar-room 
full some times at the old taverns, where they slept on 
the floor around the big fire places and told stories or 
cracked their whips and drank and cursed and swore^ 
with such an environment Daniel rose above it all- 
sober, honest, industrous, pure and upright; despising 
low and mean acts— one of God's noblemen — a Christ- 


The only habit he formed that he regretted was 
chewing tobacco. He said "the men he worked with 
gave it to him to chew when a boy. He battled with 
this habit nearly all his life. At last he conquered it. 

He was always a great peace maker in the com- 
munities in which he lived. I remember of an inci- 
dent during the war, at his old home in Milligan's 
Cove. An old gentleman was visiting his brother, a 
near neighbor of ours. They differed in politics. The 
north was jubilant over the fall of Vicksburg and the 
conquest at Gettysburg on July 4th 1863. This was too 
much for the one brother. The other one started home 
in his buggy. It was nearly night and a great thunder 
storm coming up— the Mullin gap would have been 
midnight darkness,. My step father went out and 
stopped him, talked with him and plead wih him not to 
part with his old brother in such a way. He did not 
go on. I do not remember if he went back to his 
brothers or stayed all night at our home. I think 
though, Daniel went back with him ""and they became 

Daniel Earnest lived to a gold age, dying in Sep- 
tember 1901 at the age of 83 years. He and my mother 
are buried in the beautiful cemetery at Messiah church. 

Chapter XL 


Johannas Earnest, son of Henry and Eve Earnest. 

Raised his family in the large old log house over 

on the hill from the old sawmill, atlmlertown. 

Adam Earnest says, "he married a wife far 

away from here. I feel sure he is buried in a 

little old grave yard near Pleasant Valley; 

there is no grave stone but my father always 

helped to clean it up and made me help— as 

they were relatives. I am sure they lie there." 

1. Adam Earnest, married Hettie Holderbaum. He 

died May 20., 1872, aged 84 years. Hettie 

died Sept. 27, 1880, aged 82 years. 

1. Betsey Earnest, married Johnathan Bowser. 

1. Emma, married Emery Dicken. 

2. Mary, married Newton Drenning. 

3. Jacob, married Amanda Milburn. 

4. Aaron, married Lizzie Ridenour. 

5. David, married Maggie Little. 

6. Isaac, marreid Susan Croyle. 

2. Michael Earnest, married Beckie Zimmers. 

1. Sarah, married George Mosey. 

1. Ella, married, lives in Pittsbug. 

2. Philip, married Marietta Wisegarver. 

1. Ella, married Emanuel Hemning. 

3. Beckie. Dead. 

4. Hettie. Dead. 

5. Eliza. Dead. 

3. Hetty Earnest died June 15th, 1903, aged 73 


years, 6 months and 18 days, married 
David Snavely, died March 16th, 1910, 
aged 80 years, 9 months and 23 days. 

1. John, married Barbara Feight. 

1. Charles, married Myrtle Swartz. 

1. Charles Von. 

2. Gilbert, married Catharine Johns. 

1. John. 2. Catharine. 

3. Gertrude. 

4. Pearle. 

5. Percy, married Phoebe Weaverling. 

1. Richard. 

6. Mary. 

2. Frank, married Catharine Misner. 

3. Dubbs, married Emma Zimmers. 

4. Lizzie, died July 12, 1905,'aged 44 years, 

married Joseph Reighard. 
1. J. Roy. 2. Frank. 

5. Mary, married Geo. F. Zimmers. 

1. Harry, married Nell Hershberger. 
One child. 

6. Ida, married Bruce Zimmers. 

1. Fred. 2. David. 3. Mary. 

4. Mary Anne Earnest lives in Bedford. 

5. Susan Earnest, married Jacob Zimmers, 

both dead. 
1. David E., married Annie Imler, daugh- 
ter of Isaac Imler. 

1. Ella. 

2. Calvin, married Stella Hudson. 

1. Edna. 2. Lourene. 

3. Sarah, married William Claycomb. 

1. Elmer. 2. Erie. 3. Catharine. 


4. Alvin. 
4. Minnie. 
2-.- Susan, married Thomas Earnest, live in 
Altoona. See Geo. Earnest's line. 

1. Gertrude, married Geo. Hargreaves. 

2. Alma. 

3. Sarah, married James Sill of Kansas. 
She died Sept. 1910. 
1. Herbert. 2. Oliver. 3. Hattie. 

6. John Earnest. Dead. 

7. Beckie Earnest, never married. Dead. 

8. Adam Earnest, 78 years old. Lives in 

Pleasant Valley, near Bedford. Married 
Mary Ann Earnest, daughter of Geo. 
Earnest. See George Earnest's line. 

1. George Earnest, married Christie Hyde, 

daughter of Jno. Hyde. 
1. Stella. 2. Gladys. 3.' Millie. 
4. George Raymond. 5. Margaret. 

2. William Earnest, married Nora Mechly. 

1. Catharine. 2. Marie. 

3. Malinda Earnest, married Gregory 


4. Elmira Earnest, married Lee Diehl, son 

of Michael Diehl. 
1. Charles Lester. Dead. 

5. Rosa, married George Allison. 
Eve Earnest, married Henry Claar. 

1. Susan Claar, married Stickler. 

1. Samuel Stickler, married Polly Imler. 

1. Mary, married Atwell. 

2. Sadie, married Wm. Bridaham. 

3. Eve, married Charles Atwell. 


4. Mike. 5. Isaac. 

2. Mary Ann Stickler, married William 

Earnest. Same Earnest line 
Johannas 1st. 
Daughter, married Levi Imler. 

3. Beckie Stickler, married Jacob Shunk. 

1. Ella, married Albert Hughes. 

2. David, married Margaret Dibert. 

See George Earnest's line. 

3. Henry, married Hemming. 

4. Sarah Stickler, married Daniel Price. 

5. Joseph Stickler, married Lizzie Barnhart. 

1. George, married Emma Struckman. 

2. Annie, dead. 

3. William, married Maggie Imler. 

4. David, 5. Calvin. 6. Jacob. 

2. Rachael Claar, married Zachariah Koontz. 

1. Maria Koontz, married George Yount. 

2. Hettie Koontz, married Frank Beegle. 

3. Mamie Koontz at home. 

4 Adam Koontz, married Mary Eversole. 

3. Sarah Claar, married Nicholas Russell. 

1. Peter. 

4. Betsy Claar, married Adam Koontz. 

1. Annie, married Michael Koontz. 

5. Beckie Claar, ^married Lewis Ling. Moved 

to Tenn. Died there. 
1. Sarah. 2. Anna. 3. Frank. 

6. Henry Claar, married Rebecca Helsel. 

1. William. 2. Mary. 3. Joanna. '4. Net- 
tie. 5. Laura. 6. Blanche, twin sisters. 
7. Calvin. Six children dead. 

7. Rosan Claar, married George Riddle. No- 


children. Went west. He died there. She 
came back several years ago and died here 
aged 80 years. 
8. Hettie Claar, married Thomas Amick. 

1. Blanche, married Frank. Herkins. Live 

in West Huntingdon. 

2. Elmer, married Lizzie Lybarger. 

3. Samuel, married Mary Cole. 

4. Beckie. 

5. Maggie, married Harrv Bagly. 

6. Mike, married Lila Smith. 

John Earnest, died Sept. 15, 1870 aged 73 years, 
9 months and 13 days. Buried at the Al- 
bright church. Married Mary Stiffler, 
died at the age of 54 years, 4 months and 
12 days. 

1. John Earnest. A very religious man. At- 

tended the Albright church. 

2. Maria Earnest, married John Croyle. 

1. Thomas. 2. Michael. 

3. Emma, married Joseph Smith. 

4. Mary, married Adam Bamer. 

3. Mary Earnest, married David Hite. No 

children. Lived in old log house for 
a long time, built a new house at head 
of dam, never finished it, went west. 

4. Michael Earnest, married Hannah Friend. 

1. William. Lived in Morrison's Cove. 

2. Mary. 

5. Henry Earnest, married Caroline Hoover. 

Moved west. 

6. Samuel Earnest. Lived at a place called 



7. William Earnest, married Mary Ann Stick- 
ler, a daughter married Levi Imler. 

4. Michael Earnest, died April 27, 1852, aged 52 

years, 7 months and 17 days. 
1. William, married Catharine Fetter, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Earnest. See George 
Earnest line. 
1. Harry, married Miss Stoudenour. 

5. Rachael Earnest, married 1st Samuel Claar, 2nd 


1. Susan, aged 79 years, married WilliamMurry. 

1. Mary. 2. Chas. 3. William. 

2. Mary, dead. Married William Fletcher. 

1. John. 

2. Eliza, married William Easter. 

1. Laura, married William Imler. 

1. Harry. 2. Thomas. 3. Mary. 

3. Ella, married Dan Mock. 

1. Percy. 2. Frank. 3. Elsie. 
. Virgil. 5. Dorothy. 

4. Susie. 

5.' Thomas, married Miss Miller. 
1. Grace. 

3. William, married Sophia Jones. Dead. 

1. Lottie. 

2. Samuel, dead. Married Bridget OShea. 

1. Edith. 2. Helena. 3. James. 

3. Ella, dead. Married Hershberger. 

4. Ida, dead. Married Bonner. 

5. William. 

4. Emma, aged 68 years, married Adam Leon- 

1. Jerome, married Savanah Rice. 


1. George, married Basil Bee Miller. 

2. William. 3. Virginia. 4. Agnes, 
twin sisters. 5. Walter. 6. Edgar. 

2. Ella, dead. 

3. Ambrose, married Emma Dugan. 

1. Lida. 2. Mary. 3. Adam. 
4. Thelma, dead. 

4. James, married Jane Rice. 

1. Earl. 2. Annie. 3. Charles. 
4. Mary. 5. Theora. 

5. John, married Maggie Lehman. 

1. Anastasia, dead. 2. Bernadetta. 

3. Paul. 4. Mary. 5. Regis. 

6. Mary, married Henry Straub. 

1. Adam. 2. Francis. 3. Alice. 

4. Magdaline. 5. Faye. 6. Emma. 

7. Emma, married F. J. Deckerhoof. 

1. Madalin, dead. 2. Kathlyn. 

8. Sylvester, married Lizzie Fachtman. 

1. Dorothy. 2. Bruce. 3. Hubert. 

9. Anthony, married 1st Loretto Gifhn. 

1. Francis, dead. 
2nd wife Ahce O'Neal. 

1. Marie. 2. Catharine, twins. 
3. Regis. 4. Joseph. 
Ruth aged 65 years, married Richard Price. 




. 2. Mary. 





5. Oscar. < 

5. George. 


. Lucy. 


. Alice. 


. David. 



died Jan. 





years, 8 i 

months and 





Maria Corboy, died June 22, 1851, aged 35 
years, 2 months and 29 days, 
i. Eliza Earnest, married Michael Zimmers. 
1. Michael. 2. Frank. 3. Harvy. 

4. Natie, married Charles Reighard. 

5. Lizzie, married Henry Shafer. 

6. Gertie, married Harry Smith. 

2. Susan Earnest, married Joseph Kegg. No 


3. William Earnest, married Angelina Wolf. 

Live on Pigeon Hills. Had family. 

4. Joseph Earnest of Bedford, married Mary 

Ellen Amick. 
1. George. 2. Calvin. 
3. Daisy, married Arthur Huzzard. 

5. James Earnest, dead. 

7. Frederick Earnest, married Elizabeth Sill, sister 
of Henry Sill. 

1. Jacob, went west 40 years ago. Back 2 

years ago, took picture of old house, 
at Phillips' home, said he was a de- 
scendant of "Indian Eve." 

2. Daniel, went west. 

In the second chapter I said that "Johannas may 
have been the oldest in the family." 

Before last November I had nothing on this line. 
Mrs. Henry Sill told me before she died that she 
thought there was one son Johannas. I knew there 
were a lot of Earnests that likely were his descendants 
but I could not find any one who could go back far 
enough. I had about given up finding him when Mrs. 
Phillips said, "Write to Adam Earnest of Pleasant 
Valley." I did so, and he replied. "My father was 


Adam Earnest, and his father was Johannas Earnest 
who escaped from the Indians when they killed his 
father, Henry Earnest, and captured his mother, Eve 
Earnest and two boys. ' ' Adam Earnest was the only 
one I found who knew that Henry was the name of the 
father who was killed by the Indians. I had found 
this in a history of Bedford Co. While gathering data 
all winter on this line — some of it after the other chap- 
ters were off the press, I find that Johannas was the 
oldest of the family. Mrs. Phillips seemed to have the 
idea that he was old, as she thought he might have 
been a brother to Henry, who was killed. Adam Ear- 
nest soon set this right, and, I am so thankful, as the 
genealogy would have been very incomplete without 
this line. I am also indebted to Mrs. Ida Suavely Zim- 
mers and John Leonard of Bedford, Pa. R. F. D., and 
Mrs. Frank. Herkins and Mrs. Hettie Flake of Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., who have so generously assisted. 

I tried to get photographs in this line but failed. 
If I had found them sooner, I think I could have gotten 

Chapter XIL 


Daniel Earnest always said, "Henry went to Greens- 
burg, and Mike went west. " By the records, Henry had 
been married, and, had lived quite awhile in Dutch Cor- 
ner, near Bedford, before he went to Greensburg, as his 
oldest daughter Susan, married Michael Dibert there. 
After quite an effort, by correspondence with the post- 
master, Mr. Lyon, at Greensburg, I found Henry's 
descendants a few months ago. I give tne letters with 

Greensburg, Pa., Oct. 29, 1910. 

Mrs. Replogle, 

Dear Madam : 

I received your letter and have been trying" 
to collect what I could for you. Your first letter I gave 
to Charles Earnest and he sent it to his home in Del- 
mont, where Peter and Jacob, two sons of Henry 
Earnest lived, and I have waited for the return of the 
letter and any information they could give, but they 
have so far failed to return the letter or any infor- 
mation. Also, there was an old gentleman, who told 
me that there was an old history that mentioned Henry 
Earnest and family, in several places, and he would get 
it for me, but he has so far failed to do so. I tried ta 
get John M. Hawk to see Charles Earnest, the mail 
carrier in Greensburg, who represents the Delmont 


people, and appoint a meeting and we would see what 
we could do. But I could not get them together. 
Yours respectfully, 
M. B. Kettering, 
Greensburg, Pa. 

R. D. No. 4, Box 100. 
P. S. I could not get a photograph anywhere. 

M. B. K. 

Henry Earnest and wife, Margaret, settled within 
one mile of Greensburg, the County seat of Westmore- 
land Co. Pa. He had a large tract of land at first, but 
sold all but 114 acres that was left at his death, and 
was divided between the heirs, and there is only two 
pieces of the land held by any of the relations, the old 
homestead part is held by a great grandson, Edward H. 
Kemp, and the other is held by my father, Adam 
Kettering. Henry Earnest and my father, Adam Ket- 
tering paid, a visit to Bedford Co. in 1847 or along 
there some where. They went in a one horse sleigh 
instead of a carriage, and when they returned home 
my father had to walk a good many places where the 
snow had left. 

Henry Earnest was born March 28th, 1772, died 
March 3th, 1857 aged 85 years'and two days. Margaret 
Miller, his wife, was bom October 14th, 1766, died May 
17th, 1851 aged 85 years, eight months and three days. 
They had seven children : Susan married to Michael 
Dibert; Elizabeth married to George Kettering; Eliza- 
beth had children, their names are as follows: William, 
Henry, Adam, Michael, Jacob, John, Margaret and 
Daniel. Elizabeth was born April 10th, 1799, died 
January 18th, 1894, aged 94 years 9 months and 8 days. 
John married to Eliza Portzes; they had eight children. 


namely: Sarah, Catharine, Eliza, Margaret, Henry, 
Hannah, John and Jacob. 

Jacob married Mary Shaffer; George died when 
young; Catharine was married to George Hawk; they 
had eight children namely: Samuel, Henry, John, 
George, Amos, Margaret, Catharine and Daniel. 

Peter was married to Sarah Shaffer. Jacob and 
Peter were the two that lived at Delmont, and if the 
friends send anything pertaining to the history, I will 
forward it to you. 

Of these three families living here, there is but 
five grand children living; in Elizabeth Kettering's 
family, there is Adam, who was 85 in September, and 
Michael and Daniel; in John Earnest's family one, Mrs. 
Eliza Thomas; in Catharine Hawk's family one, Mrs. 
Margaret Price. My father says the Earnests were 
captured by the Indians, nine miles above Bedford, and 
on the trip to Detroit they were treated well, when the 
Indians had plenty they had plenty. Mrs. Earnest car- 
ried her child on her back the greater part of the way. 
She worked in the harvest field and Henry kept the 
crows and black birds off of the corn. When in cap- 
tivity they were prisoners two years and nine montljs, 
they were at Detroit when Hannistown was burnt. 

You will have to excuse all blunders for this is a 
new thing to me. 


M. B. Kettering. 
Great grand son of Henry Earnest. 

Mr. Kettering says "his father and Henry Earnest 
came to Bedford Co. in a sleigh instead of a carriage." 
I had written to him what Mrs. Phillips had told me 
last summer. "Henry Earnest visited my parents 


about 51 or 52 years ago. His son-in-law, Michael 
Dibert of Claysburg, was with him. They came to our 
place on Saturday ; stayed over Sunday and visited the 
Diberts and then stopped at our place on their way 
back. They came in a buggy — one of the first buggies 
around. If I remember rightly it was a carriage." 
Henry may have made two visits, or only one as these 
dates are not definite. Coming to Claysburg in a 
sleigh and from there to Dutch Corner in a buggy or 
carriage is easily understood. 

Nov. 5, 1910. 

I received your letter of Nov. 1st and was glad to 
hear that my letter on the Henry Earnest family would 
help you. 

My father says "Henry was about nine years old 
when taken prisoner and Mike was about two years old, 
he says that he heard his grand-father say so. 

I have asked a good many old people about Mike 
and none of them knew any thing about him. My 
father says he could not tell if he went west. It ap- 
pears that the Earnest families did not communicate 
together very much. Father says that he always 
heard his grand-father and his mother say that they 
were in captivity two years and nine months with the 
British and the Indians and at the conclusion of peace 
they were liberated. 

The only thing he can tell is, that the mother had 
to work in the field and that Henry had to keep the 
crows and black birds off of the corn. 

The fort was on the hill at Hannistown. The 
property belongs to William Steel, of Hannistown, and 
the Steel family had their dead buried in the cemetery 


where the old settlers were buried and Wm, Steel has 
erected a fine monument for his family. 

I talked to an old gentleman some time ago who 
asked me whether I had ever seen my great grand- 
father, Henry Earnest, and he told me, he talked to him 
many a time, and he said "he was a jolly, good man 
and was always in a good humor." I tried to find him, 
but he went away, and his friends say he will not be 
back for some time. 

There are several great grand children here, but I 
could not^get them interested in trying to help me, so, I 
had to do the best I could. 

Respectfully yours, 
M. B. Kettering, 
Greensburg, Pa. 
R. D. 4 Box 100. 

About the only thing that the Bedford county de- 
scendants and the Greensburg Earnests differ positively 
about, is the time that Mrs. Eve Earnest and her boys 
were in captivity. 

Mrs. Phillips says "George Earnest was from 12 to 
15 years old at the time of the Indian massacre and 
was married when his mother returned." He was 
born in April 1762 so, if he was 15 years old at the time 
of the massacre this agrees exactly with the date I 
have given it — 1777. George Earnest's oldest son, 
Johannas 2nd was born in April 1786, the year that his 
mother returned if she was taken captive in 1777 and 
gone 9 years. Henry Earnest was born in March 1772. 
This would make him only 5i years old when they were 
captured. Mr. Kettering says he was 9 years old then. 
If the massacre was later this would not agree with 
George and Jacob Earnest's ages etc., but it would 


agree with Henry's age, and Mrs. Earnest and her boys 
being gone only 2 years and 9 months, and liberated in 
1883, at the time of the treaty of peace, at the close of 
the Revolutionary war. But we can not decide the 
time of their being released by the time of the Treaty 
of Peace because the British held Fort Detroit until 
1796, and some of the captives had been bought of 
the Indians and had to work a certain number of 
years for their ransom. The Bedford county folks all 
say ' ' she was gone 9 years. ' ' She made the money 
to buy her pony by what she earned above her 
daily wages. " Mr. Utley librarian of the Public Li- 
brary, Detroit, Michigan, says "It is quite probable 
that there were cultivated fields near the fort and that 
Mrs. Earnest may have worked in the harvest field, 
and, that the boy may have driven the crows and black 
birds from the corn fields." He also says, "I have 
no knowledge of Hannistown. " 

Mr, Kettering says, "It appears that the Earnest 
families did not communicate together very much." 
This is true, as George, Mollie and Johannas, all raised 
their families in the old neighborhood, and Jacob's 
family were raised near Everett, only a half days 
journey away, yet they did not seem to know much of 
each other. Those early days they did not write many 
letters, as there were few post offices, money'was'scarce 
and postage high. 

Henry Earnest, son of Henry and Eve Earnest, was 
born Mar. 28, 1772 died Mar. 30, 1857, aged 
85 years and 2 days. Married Margaret Miller 
born October 14, 1766 died May 17, 1851, aged 


85 years, 8 months and 3 days. 

1. Susan Earnest married Michael Dibert, lived at 

Claysburg, Blair Co., Pa. 

1. Jacob Dibert lived at Claysburg. Had a 

store there. Died in 1906. Was killed 
by an auto scaring his horses while 
driving in a wagon. 

2. Mary Ann Dibert married Burket. 

Deceased. These descendants live at 

2. Elizabeth Earnest, born April 10, 1779, died Jan. 

18, 1894. Aged 94 yrs. 9 mo. 8 days. 
Married Geo. Kettering. 

1. William, married Eliza Kintz. 

1. Sarah E. 2. Mary M. 3. Margaret. 
4. Frank. 5. Harriet. 6. George. 
7. Henry. 8. Anna. 9. Kate. 
10. William. 11. John. 

2. Henry, married Anna Lowry. 

1. Margaret. 2. Anna. 3. Rachel. 
4. Martha. 5. Helen. 6. Benjamin. 
7. Harry. 

3. Adam, married Eliza Motz. 

1. Michel B. 2. Catharine A. 3. George 
W. 4. Emma E. 5. Margaret M. 6. John 
F. 7. Edward T. 8. Henry H. 9. Lewis 

0. 10. Herman P. 

4. Michael. 

5. Jacob. 

6. John, married in the state of Oregon and I 

do not know his wife's name, they had 
two children. 

1. Edward. 2. Emma. 



7. Margaret, married W. G. Moore. 

1. George. 2. Robert. 

8. Daniel, married Sophia Zimmerman. 

1. Harry. 

3. John Earnest married Eliza Portzes. 

1. Sarah. 2. Catharine. 

3. Eliza Earnest, married Mr. Thomas. 

1. Anna, married Thomas Evans. 

2. Margaret, married Mr. Hensil. 

3. Mary, married Mr. Watson. 

4. Frank. 5. Catharine. 

4. Margaret. 5, Henry. 6. Hannah. 
7, John. 8. Jacob. 

4. Jacob Earnest, born Jan. 2, 1805, died Mar. 6, 

1884, aged 79 yrs. married Madaline Sha- 
ffer, in 1827, lived at Delmont, Pa. 

1. Mary Earnest living, aged 81 yrs. married 

to Andrew Baker. 
1. Edward. 2. John. 

2. John Earnest, died about 7 years ago. Age 

69 years. 
1. William. 2. Mrs. Annie Simpson. 

3. Mrs. Maude Simpson. 

3. Sarah Earnest married Henry Ridenour. 

1. Harry. 2. Clark. 3. Jennie. 4. Bertha. 

5. Emma. 

4. Lydia Earnest, married William Watters. 

1. Israel. 2. Sylvester. 3. Jefferson. 

4. Charles. 5. Harry. 6. Minerva. 
7. Anna. 8. Bertha. 

5. Jacob Earnest Jr. died over 30 ears ago. 

1. Robert. 2. Alexander. 3. Elizabeth. 
4. Mattie. 


6. Hettie Earnest, married Obediah Blose. 

1. Jacob- 2. William. 3. Laura. 
4. Harriet. 5. Emma. 

7. Margaret Earnest, married James Wallace. 

1. Mary. 2. John. 3. Robert. 4. Joseph. 

8. Albert Earnest, born Jan. 6, 1848, died Mar. 

21, 1884, aged 36 yrs. 

1. Elizabeth Catharine, born Sep. 18, 1871, 

married Dr. Simon P. Earnest. 
1. Clarence R. Earnest, aged 17 years. 

2. William Charles. 

1. Welty Shrum. 2. Mary Kane. 
P. S. Three children of Jacob Earnest died when young. 
5 George Earnest, died when young. 
6. Catharine Earnest, married George Hawk. She 
died in 1854 and the husband in 1862. 

1. Samuel, married Elizabeth Kiper. 

1. Catharine. 2. Harriet. 3. Emma. 

4. Elizabeth. 5. Sarah. 6. John. 

2. Henry, married Rosannah Miller. 

1. George. 2. Amos. 3. Ella. 4. Nancy. 

5. Henry. 6. Francis. 7. Lewis. 
8. Margaret. 

3. John, married Elizabeth Keihl. 

1. Anna. 2. Harriet. 3. Mamie. 

4. Edward. 5. Margaret. 

4. George died when a young man. 

5. Amos, married Catharine Laughery. 

1. Emma. 2. Grant. 3. Anna. 4. Alice. 

5. Nora. 6. Walter. 7. James. 8. Abbie. 

6. Margaret E., married Francis James Price. 

1. Thomas, dead. 2. Edward dead. 

3. Margaret E. 


Mr. Price was in the Union Army and 
fell at the battle of Gettysburg. 

7. Daniel, married Anna Harkins. 

1. Harry. 2. Alford. 3. Mary. 
4. Margaret. 5. Arthur. 

8. Catharine, married Augustus Allison. 

1. William. 2. Charles. 3. Morrison. 
4. Harvy. 5. Henry. 
T.iPeter Earnest, born May 28, 1809, died Aug. 23, 
1856, aged 47 years. Lived at Delmont, 
Pa. Married Sarah Shaffer, sister of Jacob's 
wife, Aug. 6, 1830. 

1. Simon Peter Earnest, born Jan. 1834, died 

Apr. 1880, aged 45 yrs. 

1. Simon Peter, born Oct. 6, 1865 M. D. 

D. D. S. Married Elizabeth Catha- 
rine Earnest. See Jacob Earnest's 
line. Jacob of Delmont, Pa. 

2. Clarke Warden, born Dec. 4, 1871. 

2. George Earnest, born Dec. 9, 1835. 

1. Harry George Earnest. 

3. Sarah Catharine Earnest, married William 

McCutcheon, a Lieutenant in Civil 

War. Died in service. 
1. John, living in Wyoming. 
4 William James Earnest, born Sept. 21, 1840. 
1. Emma. 2. Adda. 

5. Jacob Benjamin Earnest, born Mar. 17, 1844. 

1. William. 2. Josiah. 3. Elizabeth. 

6. Margaret Amanda Earnest, born June 11, 

1846, died in 1888. Married Josiah Martz. 
No children living. 


Mrs. Sarah C. McCutcheon is the only living child 
of Peter Earnest's family, aged 72 years. 

Simon, George, William and Jacob, fours sons of 
Peter Earnest all enlisted in the Civil War, Two died 
in service. The other two came home broken down in 
health and died in the prime of life. 

Mrs. Margaret E. Price, of Greensburg, Pa., grand 
daughter of Henry Earnest says : 

"I am a daughter of Catharine Earnest Hawk. 

My grand father Earnest often told us how he and 
his mother and brother were taken by the Indians, and 
the thrilling experiences they had. He was sent out 
to gather killdeer's eggs and some times he would be 
so very tired he would lie down and fall asleep. Once 
when he awoke a very large black snake was close to 
his head. He said he was awfully scared and ran 
away as fast as he could go. 

He told how the Indians tried in every way to keep 
him when they were exchanged — had him dressed In- 
dian style— a bunch of feathers tied on his head and a 
string of beads around his neck." 

Mr. M. B. Kettering, of Greensburg, Pa., and Mrs. 
Dr. S. P. Earnest of Delmont, Pa., have made it pos- 
sible to give this geneology. 

Mrs. Margaret E. Price of Greensburg, assisted 
also. Through a misunderstanding and sickness John 
Earnest's family are not as complete as the others. I 
am sorry for this. 

Chapter XIII. 

All that is known of Mike — the two year old baby- 
boy who was carried to Fort Detroit on his mother's 
back, is, that he went West. 

Mr. Utley, Librarian at Detroit says "there are so 
many Earnests in that city." I have thought that he 
might have settled there. 

Chapter XIV. 

In the beginning of this work, I intended to give 
the descendants of the hero of the Story, down to about 
the great, great grand children, running out a few to show 
the number of generations. I thought that far, would 
enable all to see where they belonged in the different 
lines. To give a complete genealogy of all, down to the 
youngest, was more than I cared to undertake. I have 
had the experience of all who try to gather such data. 
A few persons did not even reply ; others wrote but 
hardly gave their names ; while many were so interest- 
ed that they gave complete family records and photo- 
graphs, and offered to help in any way they could. 
"What good does it all do" says one. Is there no good 
in knowing what kind of ancestors we have had? The 
biography, of good brave and noble ancestors ought to 
inspire us to do great things with our opportunities 
and advantages. We do not half appreciate the bless- 
ings which are ours, made possible only by the hard- 
ships and trials of those who have blazed the way in 
the past. 

And now the work is done — my own part very im- 
perfectly executed. It seemed, some times, like gather- 
ing jewels from dear old people, as they stood on the 
river's brink, looking across to the other shore. I com- 
mit to it the descendants of this noble, brave and pa- 
tient mother. With the labor, there has been pleasure 
in harmonizing the data from the different lines. The 
reader will notice the namesakes — Eve. 


I have been wondering if there is not some leading 
spirit in this large geneology, who will start a move- 
ment to erect a suitable memorial to mark the grave of 
this good woman. If not soon, it ought to be done in 
1915 — the one hundredth anniversary of her death. A 
marker there, has been a dream of Mrs. Wm. Phillips. 
I hope she may live to realize its fulfillment. 


On page eleven — Thomas Dibert married a Miss 
Robb, not Rock. On same page there are two children 
of this large family omitted, Isaac Dibert, and a sister 
who died from eating wild cherries. 

On page fifty-two — Henry Earnest should be David 
Earnest, married Leah Reighard, daughter of Conrad 
Reighard. Had several sons in the west. 

On same page — same family — 
7. Daniel Earnest, moved to 111. Died there. Adam 
Earnest says "He married Dolly Shull. " So on page 
forty-nine I got the wrong Daniel. 

On page fifty-five — some of the copies say "Sarah 
Fetters." It should read "Sarah Imler. " 

On page one hundred and eleven — the names Lucy, 
Alice and David, should go above Ruth instead of be- 

There are a few other errors.