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Full text of "Indian missionary directory and memorial volume"

UCSB LIBRARY 



INDIAN 
MISSIONARY DIRECTORY 



AND 



Jttemortai Uolume, 



BY 



THE REV. B. H. BADLEY, IYI.A 



REVISED EDITION. 



LUCKNOW. 

METHOI 1ST EPISCOPAL CHCIICH PRESS. 
NEW \OKK: PHILLIPS AND HUNT. 

1881. 

[A'l rirjl, /.v 



TO 

THE PP^OTESTANT MISSIONARIES OF INDIA 
OF WHATEVER NAME OR NATIONALITY, 

WITH AN EARNEST PRAYER 
FOR THEIR CONTINUED SUCCESS 

IN WINNING TO CHRIST 
THE BENIGHTED MILLIONS OF THE LAND, 

Cfjin ftiij/rrft'iiMng State 

IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED. 



PREFACE. 

THE general favor accorded to the first edition of tha 
DIRECTORY (issued five years since) has led to the preparation 
of the present revised edition. Great pains have been taken 
to make it as nearly perfect as possible, and it is hoped that 
the work may be found serviceable as a book of reference and 
interesting as a MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Although not included by Mr. Sherring in his " History 
of Protestant Missions in India," Burmah is given a place in this 
volume. It is a part of the Indian empire and there is no rea- 
son why it should be excluded from a work of this kind. Tho 
names of Ceylon missionaries have also been inserted. 

The enlargement of missionary operations in India during 
the past nine years as indicated in the following pages and the 
increase in the number of converts are causes of devout rejoicing 
and of thankfulness to God. 

To the missionaries whose names are indicated by the 
bracketed initials under the historical sketches of various Mis- 
sions, and to other friends in India and at home who have 
kindly given assistance, the compiler returns his warmest thanks. 
He will be glad to be informed of errors and omissions. 

B. H, BADLEY, 

luclcnow, April 27th, 1881. 



WOBSSJCOSSULTED IX PREPARING THE VOLUME. 

I. A Cyclopedia of if i. c sions. By Rev. Harvey Xcwcomb. X-ovr 
York; Charles Scribner. 1854. 

II. Cyclopedia of Christian Missions. Ey tho Rev. J. L. Aikman. 
London and Glasgow; Kich;ird Griffin & Co. Ib'GO. 

III. The Missionary World; arr Encyclopedia. Xew York: A. 
D. F. Randolph & Co. 1873. 

IV. Report of the General ;Hiseionary ComYvc-ncc keld at Allaha- 
bad, 187273; Avifn Statistical Tables. Madras; C. Foster. 1873. 

V. The History of Tr-iiestant Missions in India, from their 
Commencement in 1703 to 1871. By the Rev. M. A. Sherring, 
M. A., LL. T>. London : Trubner & Co. 1875. 

VF. Christianity in India. B/ the Rev J. llouph. 4 vols. 1S."<M5. 

VII. Ilistoi'v of the Tra:iq.-.ebar Misaioii. By J. F. Fenger. Tran- 
quebar iEvangeTjeal Lntiioran Mbyion fress. 18G3. 

VIII. The Life and Labors of Carey, .Marsbinan and Ward. By 
John Clark Mars'nuan. Loirdon : Aloxanclor Strahan & ("o. 1874. 

IX. ChriK'ian Missions in the East and West (Baptist Missionary 
Socit-y). 1792-1873. London : Yafes & Alexander: 1873. 

X. The Pioncor.s : a Narrative of the Planting of Christianity in 
Bengnl. By Rev. George Gogerly. London : John Snow & Co. 1S71. 

XL. " The Lfind of Chanty " : a descriptire* Account of Tmvancoro 
.'ml its IVopl*. "\Vitli esiX'eial reference to missionary labour. By tho 
Rev. SamuQ 1 . Mareer, F. L S. London : John Snow 8c Co. 1871. 

XII. History of the Missions of tho American Board of Comm's<- 
sioners for Foreign Missions in Ind : a. By R. Anderson. T)D. LL. J). 1S75. 

XIII. Hand-book of }>cr,ga,l Missions, in connexion with the Church 
of England. By tl)o Rev. .lami-s Long. London : Sha^v. 1848. 

XIV. A History of Wesley an Missions, from their Cornmence- 
mcnt. By the Rev. William Moister. London : Eliot Stock. 1878. 

XV. India and Indian Missions. By the Rev. Alex ander Duff, P.P. 
Edinburgh : John Johnstons. l. v '4<X 

IV 1. History of tho Missions of the Free Church of Scotland* 
By the Rev. Robert Hunter, M A. London : T. Xelson and Sons. 1873. 

XVII. A Manual of the Foreign Missions of fhe Presbyterian 
r h 1i . U. S. A. By John C. Lo-sviie. Xew York : William Rankin, 
Jr.. 1868. 

.v .\ III. The Land of tho Veda. T-y Rev. William Butler,. D. D. 
Xe\v York : Carlton and Lanahan. 1871. 

XIX The Land of the TamtUians and its Missions. By the Rev. 
E. R. Baierlein. Higginbofham & Co. Madras. 1875. 

XX. Mission Reports, General and Local, of various Societies. 



CONTENTS. 

TAGS. 

CHAPTER I. 
EARLY DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIF.TT 1 

CH'PTER II. 
THE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY 9 

CHAPTER III. 

THK LONE ON MISSIONARY SOCIETY 27 

CHATTER IV. 
THE AMKETCAN TV-RD: 5^ 

I. Mnrathi Miss : on, 

II. Madura Miss on. 

CHAPTFR V. 
CiirncH OP ENGLAND MISSIONARY SCCIKIIES : 73 

I. Church Missionary Society. 7-5 

II. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 97 

CHAPT1 R VI. 

THE "\VEST.ETAX MISSIONARY SOCIETY 105 

CHAPTER VII 
GENERAL BAPTIST MISSK.-NAI.Y- SOCIETY 110 

CHAPTER VIII. 
Curncii OF SCOTLAND MISSIONARY SOCIETY 113 

CHAPTER JX. 
TREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSIONARY SOCIETY 118 

CHAPTER X. 
AMERICAN PRESBYTERIAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY 130 

CHAPTER XI. 

BASEL EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY- SOCIETY 1-12 



viii CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XII. 
AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION : 155 

I. The Burmese Mission, 155 

II. The Assam Mission, 159 

III. The Telugu Mission, 161 

CHAPTER XIII. 
THE AMERICAN FREE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY 1G6 

CHAPTER XIV. 

GOSSNER'S MISSIONARY SOCIETY 169 

CHAPTER XV. 
THE LEIPZIG LUTHERAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY 174 

CHAPTER XVI. 
THE IRISH PRESBYTERIAN MISSION 180 

CHAPTER XVII, 
THE AMERICAN EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN MISSIONS? 185 

I. General Synod, 185 

II. General Council, 187 

CHAPTER XVIII. 

THE WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODIST MISSION 188 

CHAPTER XIX. 

ARGOT MISSION ov THE REFORMED CHURCH (U. S. A.) 190 

CHAPTER XX. 
THE EPISCOPAL MORAVIAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY 193 

CHAPTER XXI. 
SEALKOTE MISSION, UNITED PRES. CHURCH (U. S. A. ) 195 

CHAPTER XXII. 
THE MKTHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS : 198 

I. The North India Mission, 198 

II. The South India Mission, 208 

CHAPTER XXIII. 
THE CHRISTIAN VERNACULAR EDUCATION SOCIETY 213 

CHAPTER XXIV. 
RAJPOOTANA MISSION, U. PRES. CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. 215 

CHAPTER XXV. 

THE DANISH EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN MISSION 217 



CONTENTS. ix 

CHAPTER XXVI. 

HERMANNSBURG EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN MISSION 218 

CHAPTER XXVII. 
FRIENDS' FOREIGN MISSION ASSOCIATION 219 

CHAPTER XXVIII. 
THE INDIAN HOME MISSION TO THE SANIALS 220 

CHAPTER XXIX. 
THE CANADIAN BAPTIST TELXJGU MISSION 222 

CHAPTER XXX. 
GERMAN EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY, (U.S.A.) 242 

CHAPTER XXXI. 
THE CANADIAN PBESBYTEKIAN MISSION 225 

CHAPTER XXXII. 

THE SWEDISH EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY 227 

CHAPTER XXXIII. 

OTHER MISSIONS 228 

APPENDICES : 236 

I. The Martyred Missionaries of 1857, 236 

II. Missionaries of Woman's Societies, 237 

III. Missionaries in Ceylon, 244 

IV. Statistical Summaries, 249 



ABBREVIATIONS; 



A. Arrived in India. 
Ad. Address. 
B. Born. 
Col. College. 
E. Educated at. 
Eng. England, 
Engl. English. 
H. Health -furlough. 
I. India. 
Inst. Institution. 
L. Literary efforts. 
M. Married. 



0. Ordained. 

O. D. Ordained Deacon. 

0. E. Ordained Elder. 

0. P. Ordained Priest. 

R,. Returned. 

Rt. Returned to India. 

Ret. Retired. 

S. Station ; field of labor. 

Sem. Seminary. 

Theol. Theological. 

Ver. Vernacular. 

W. Work. 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

CHAPTER I. 
THE EARLY DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

IN the year 1705, at the instigation of the Chaplain to 
the King of Denmark, Ziegenbalg and Plutschau, who had 
been students at the University of Halle, were sent forth as 
missionaries to Tranquebar, where they landed July, 1706. 
In beginning their work they met with little sympathy from 
those about them, and, notwithstanding the King of Den- 
mark's injunctions, opposition was shown them, especially by 
the Governor of the Colony. Other difficulties were experi- 
enced, but the missionaries remained at their post, and con* 
tinued to preach, teach, write and translate. Three years 
and-a-half after their arrival the Native Christian commu- 
nity numbered 160 persons. The need of funds being felt, 
attempts were made to raise money in Germany and also in 
England j as one of the results of which, the Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel (established by royal charter in 
1701) sent the missionaries a donation of 20, and a collec- 
tion of books. From this time much interest continued to 
be taken in England in the welfare of the Tranquebar Mission. 
King George I. manifested his good-will by writing the fol- 
lowing letter to the missionaries in 1717, which is worthy of 
being recorded as an example to be followed by other crown- 
ed heads : 

" George, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, 
France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c., to the 
Reverend and Learned Bartholomew Ziegenbalg and John 



2 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Ernest Grundler. missionaries at Tranquebar in the East Indies, 
REVEREND AND BELOVED: 

Your letters, dated 20th of January of the present year, 
were most welcome to us, not only because the work under- 
taken by you of converting the heathen to the Christian faith 
doth by the grace of God prosper, but also because that, in 
this our kingdom, such a laudable zeal for the promotion of 
the Gospel prevails. We pray you may be endowed with 
health and strength of body, that you may long continue to 
fulfil your ministry with good success, of which we shall be 
rejoiced to hear. So you will always find us ready to succour 
you in whatever may tend to promote your work, and to ex- 
cite your zeal. We assure you of the continuance of our 
Royal favour. 

We pray you may enjoy strength of body and mind for 
the long continuance of your labours in this good work, to 
the glory of God and the promotion of Christianity among the 
heathen, that its perpetuity may not fail in generations to 
come. 

Given at our Palace of Hampton Court, the 23rd of Aug- 
ust, 1717, in the 4th year of our Reign. GEORGE R." 

It was not thought proper to extend the labors of the 
Propagation Society to the East Indies, and the Society for 
the Propagation of Christian Knowledge (established in 1699) 
became the Patron of the Mission. A fund with special refer- 
ence to the Danish Mission in India was opened, and to this 
contributions came from all quarters. 

Two years after reaching India, Ziegenbalg began the 
translation of the New Testament into Tamil and finished it on 
the 21st March, 1711. By 1719, the year of his death, he 
had translated as far as Ruth in the Old Testament. Schultz, 
who arrived in 1719, resumed the translation at this point, and 
finished it in 1725. This earnest and scholarly missionary pro- 
ceeded to Madras in 1726, where he established a Mission, 
preached, translated the Bible into Hindustani, and gathered 
in a number of converts. Much interest was cherished both 
in the Tranquebar and Madras work by the Protestants of Den- 
mark, Germany, and England, and especially by the Royal 
Families of these countries. 



DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 3 

In and following 1732, the missionaries extended their 
labors to Negapatatn, and thence to Sadras on the sea-coast ; 
and to Fort St. David to tbe north of Cuddalore : the latter 
station was itself occupied in 1737. Meanwhile, several con- 
gregations of Christians had grown up in the adjoining king- 
dom of Tanjore, which were placed under the care of pastors. 
A Christian community was also formed at Pulicat. In 1736 
the country congregations contained 1,140 members, and the 
Tranquebar congregations, 1,189. During the next ten years 
3,812 persons were baptized, and the knowledge of Christian- 
ity was scattered through Tranquebar, portions of Tanjore, and 
cities, towns and villages on the Coromandel coast from Madras 
to Raranad. 

In 1756, half a century after the founding of the Mission, 
the missionaries, now increased to eight, on reviewing the 
Mission's history found that about 11,000 persons in this one 
Mission had abandoned idolatry and superstition and embraced 
the Gospel of Christ ; a cheering and stimulating fact. 

In 1758, after the capture of Cuddalore by the French, 
and the consequent interruption to missionary work, Kiernan- 
der, at the request of the Danish missionaries, proceeded to 
Calcutta, where he labored diligently for many years. 

In 1760. Schwartz, who had arrived in India ten years 
before, and had been earnestly and successfully engaged in and 
about Tranquebar, paid a visit to Ceylon. In 1766, he estab- 
lished a Mission at Trichinopoly, under the auspices of the 
Christian Knowledge Society, where he labored with the en- 
thusiasm which was characteristic of his entire missionary life. 
About 1773, supported by the Mission at Madras, and with 
the approval of Schwartz, a catechist was sent to Vellore, 
where he established a Mission, and where a Christian com- 
munity was soon formed. In 1776, Schwartz took up his abode 
in Tanjore ; and the Mission there may be regarded as com- 
mencing from this date. This " Apostle of India," as he has 
been called, continued incessant in labors at Tanjore and else- 
where until his death, in 1798. 

The province of Tinnevelly, which for years had been con- 
sidered as an outstation of Tranquebar, was occupied in 1785, 
a Mission having been formed at Palamcottah, the Capital. This 



4 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

proved a promising field, and when Gericke visited it, in 1802, 
he baptized no less than 1,300 persons. On account of the 
diminished number of missionaries of the Danish and Christian 
Knowledge Societies, Tinnevelly was virtually left to itself and 
the Mission was correspondingly weakened. In 1817, mainly 
through the efforts of the Rev. J. Hough, Chaplain at Palam- 
cottah, it was transferred to the Church Missionary Society. 

With the death of Schwartz in 1798, the first period of 
Protestant Missions in India may properly be said to end. 
After this date, but five of the fifty-four missionaries of the 
Danish Society arrived in India, and although several continu- 
ed to labor at Tranquebar and elsewhere during the early part 
of the present century, still the interest decreased, and the Mis- 
sions were either abandoned or incorporated with those of the 
Church of England and the Propagation Societies. (Vide 
Sherring's " History of Protestant Missions in India," pp. 55 ; 
341, 342 j 385-387.) 

The following list of the laborers connected with this 
pioneer Mission is taken from Fenger's " History of the Tran- 
quebar Mission : '' 

HENRY PLUTSCHAU. B. at \Vesenberg in Mecklenburg. E. at Halle, 
O. at Copenhagen, 1705, embarked from thence Nov. 29, 1705. A. at 
Tranquebar, July 9, 1706, left I. Sept. 15, 1711, D. in Holstein, about 
1746 

BARTHOLOMEW ZIEGENBALG. B. at Pulsnitz, Saxony, June 24. 1683, 
E at Halle. O. and A. with the former, went home Oct 26. 1714, 11. 
by way of England, landed at Madras Aug. 10, 1716, D. at Tranquebar, 
Feb. 23, 1719. 

JOHN ERNEST GRTTNDLER. B. at Woissensee. April 7. 1677. E. at Halle, 
O. at Copenhagen, 1708, embarked there Nov. 17, 1708, A. at Tran- 
quebar, July 20, 1709, D. March 19, 1720. 

JOHN GEORGE BOVINGH. A Westphalian. E. at Kiel, 0. and A. with 
the last mentioned, Ret, in 1711. 

POLTCARP JORDAN. Sent out unordained with the two last men- 
tioned, went home in 1714, where he remained. 

BENJAMIN Scun/rzE. B. at Sonnenburg, 1689. E at Halle, embark- 
ed at Deal, March 20, 1719. A at Madras. July 25. 1719,0. at Tran- 
quebar, 1720, began the Madras Mission 1728,' went home 17413, D. at 
Halle, Nov. 25, 1760. 

NICHOLAS DAL. B. at Anslet Denmark. April 2. 1690, E. at Jena 
and Halle, A with the last mentioned. 0. at Tranquebar June 7, 1730, 
D, May 5,1747. 



DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 5 

J. HENRY KISTENMACHER. B. at Burg in Magdeburg, A. with the 
two last mentioned, D. Feb. 16, 1722. (Unordained). 

M. BOSSE. B. at Nelben in Magdeburg, 0. at Copenhagen, 1724, 
embarked at Deal, Feb. 15, 1725, was in 1749 discharged and recalled 
to Copenhagen, where he D. 1750. 

CHRISTIAN FREDERICK PRESSIER. B. at Perleberg, July 26, 1697, 
E. at Jena and Halle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, D. Feb. 15, 
1736. 

CHRISTIAN TH. WALTHER. B. at Schildberg in Brandenburg, Dec. 
20, 1699, E. at Halle, 0. and A. with the two last mentioned, 11. 
to Europe 1739, D. at Dresden, April 29, 1741. 

ANDREW WORM. B. in Mecklenburg-Strelitz about 1704, E. at 
Jena and Halle, 0. at Copenhagen 1729, A. July 1, 1730, D. May 30, 
1735. 

S. G. RICHSTEIG. B. at Landsberg, Brandenburg, 1701, E. at Halle, 

0. and A. with the last mentioned, D. May 12, 1735. 

JOHN ANTON SARTORITJS. B. at Laufenselten, in Hesse-Rheinfels, 
Feb. 21, 1704, E. at Halle. 0. in Lon. (by the Lutheran Court-Chap- 
lain Ruperti), A. 1730. He began the Mission in Cuddalore, 1737, D. 
there, 1738. 

JOHN ERNEST GIESTER. B. at Berlin, E. at Jena and Halle, 0. 1731, 
A. 1732, went with Sartorius to Cuddalore 1737, R. to Madras, 1743, 
left the Mission, 1746, went to Batavia and there embarked for Europe, 
but D. on the voyage, 1746. 

G. W. OBUCH. B. at Morungen, in East Prussia, May 20, 1707, 
E. at Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, 1736, A. in Tranquebar Aug. 19, 
1737, where he D. Sept. 3, 1745. 

J. CHAR. WIEDERROCK. B. at Minden in Westphalia, Feb. 9, 1713, 
E. at Halle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, labored at Tranque- 
bar until his death, April 7, 1767. 

J. BALTHASAR KOHLHOFF. B. at Neuwarp in Western Pomera- 
nia, Nov. 15, 1711, E. at Rostock and Halle, 0. and A. with the two 
last mentioned, labored at Tranquebar more than 53 years, D. there Dec. 
17, 1790. 

JOHANN ZACHARIAS KIERNANDER. B. at Linkoping in Sweden, Dec. 

1, 1710, E. at Upsala and Halle, 0. 1739, embarked at Gravesend April 
1, 1740, landed at Cuddalore Aug. 28,1740, labored there till 1758, 
when he went to Calcutta to commence a Mission, where he labored ear- 
nestly many v ears : D. at Chinsurah,'in 1794. 

JOHANN PHILIPP FABRICTUS. B. at Cleeberg, Jan. 22, E. at 
Giessen and Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, 1739, A. with the last mention- 
ed, labored at Tranquebar till 1742, when he became Schult/'s successor 
at Madras, where he died Jan. 24, 1791, after more than 50 years' resi- 
dence in I. 

DANIEL ZEGLIN. B. at Stettin in Pomerania, Aug. 26, 1716, E. 
at Halle, 0. with the last mentioned, and A. with him and Kiernander, 
labored nearly 40 years at Tranquebar, where he D. May 4, 1780. 

OIAJF MADERUP. B. at Maderup, Denmark, April 29, 1711, E. at 
Copenhagen, O. there, 1741, embarked Nov. 19, 1741, A. at Tranque- 



6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

bar July 1.1742, labored at, Tranquebar more than 34 years, D. there 
Nov. 20, 17 70 

JACOB KU:IN*. B. at Elbing in Prussia, Jan. 20, 1721, E. at Halle, 
O. at Copenhagen, 1744, embarked at London, March 29, 1740. A. Aug. 
3, 1746, labored nearly 44 years at Tranquebar, -where he I). May 18, 
1790. 

J. OK. BREiTHArrT. B. at Pransfield in Hanover, 0. at Wer- 
nigerode, 1745, A. with the last mentioned, learned Tamil at Tranquebar, 
went to Cuddalore, 1747, and to Madras, 1749, where he labored, and 
D. Xov. 17, 1782, after more than 36 years' residence in I. 

CHRISTIAN* FREDERICK SCHWARTZ. B. at Sonnenburg in Xeumark, 
Oct. 26, 1726. E. at Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, Sept. 17. 1749, landed at 
Cuddalore July 30, 1750, labored more than eleven years in Tranquebar, 
commenced (in 1762) the Mission in Trichinopoly, settled at Tanjore, 
1778. D. there Feb. 13, 1798, after more than 47 years' residence in I. 

DAVID POLTZEXHAGEX. B. at "Wollin in Pomerania, 1726. E. at 
Halle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, went to Cuddalore, R. to Tran- 
quebar for two years (1758-60), D. at Cuddalore, 1781. 

G. H. COXR. HUTTEMAK. B. at Minden in Westphalia. 1728, E. 
at Halle, 0. and A. with the two last mentioned, went to Cuddalore, 
R. to Tranquebar 175b-60. D. at Cuddalore, 1781. 

PETER DAME. B. at Flensburg, in Sleswick, May 22, 1731. E. at 
Halle. 0. at Copenhagen, 1754, A. 1755, D. on a journey at Tanjore, 
May 5, 1766. 

CHRISTIAX WILHELM GERICKE. B. at Colberg in Pomerania, April . r , 
1742, E. at Halle, 0. at Wernigerode, 1765. A. after a long and danger- 
ous voyage at Point de Galle. Dec. 4, 1766, arrived after some stay in 
Ceylon, at Tranquebar, June 6, 1767, went to Cuddalore, labored at vari- 
ous places especially at Xegapatam. until 1788, when he became Fabri- 
eius' successor, (and Chaplain of the Female Asylum) at Madras, D. at 
Yellore. Oct. 2. 1803, and was buried at Madras. 

J. F. KOXIG. B. at Konnern near Halle, Oct.. 26. 1741, E in the 
Orphan-house at Halle, O. at Copenhagen, 1767, A. 1768, D. at Tranque- 
bar Feb. 4. 1 795. 

F. W. LEIDEMAXX. B. in Lippe-Schaumburg, Jan. 0. 1742, K. 
at Halle, O and A. with the last mentioned. D. Aug. 8. 1774. 

\V JACOB MULLER. B. in Waldeck. May 24. 1734. E. at Halle, 
0. at Copenhagen. 1769 A. June 12, 1771, D". Dec. 30 : 1771. 

CHRISTOPHER SAMUEL JOHX. B. at Frobersgrun near Greiz. Aug 
11. 1747, E at Halle. 0. and A. with the last mentioned, D. after more 
than 42 years' labor at Tranquebar, Sept. 1, 1813. 

J. Cir. DIEMER. B. in Alsatia (Lower-Rhine, France). 1745, E. 
at Strasburg and Halle. O. at Wernigerodc, 1773, A. at Bombay, 1774, 
and went to Calcutta, married, 11. to Eng. 1785, R. to Calcutta, 1789, 
where h? D. 1792. 

J. W. (JKULOCH. B. at Schlitz near Fulda. 1738. E. at Hallo. 
O. at Copenhagen, 1775, A. Aug. 5, 1776, went to Calcutta. 1778, 
where he D. 1792. 



DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 7 

J. P. ROTTLER. B. at Strasburg (Lower-Rhine, France), Juno. 1749, 
E. at Strasburg, 0. and A. with the last mentioned. Labored at Tran- 
quebar till 1803. when he was provisionally sent to Madras : was uncon- 
nected with any Home Mission, 1806-17, when he took charge of the 
Madras Mission under the " District Committee." D. after GO years' 
residence in I. Jan. 24, 1836. 

J. J. SCHOLLKOPF. B. at Kirchhcim in Wurtemberg. 1748, E. at 
Tubingen. 0. at Wernigerode, 1776, A. June 16, 1777, D. at Madras, 
July 11, 1777. 

CH. POHLE. B. in Lower Lusatia (Brandenburg) March 9, 1744, 
E. at Leipzig. 0. at Copenhagen in 1776, A. 1777, D. at Trichinopoly, 
after more than 41 years' labor, Jan. 28, 1818. 

Lou. FRED. RULFSEN. B. in Sleswick, April 7, 1753, E. at Copen- 
hagen, was sent (Avith two unordained assistants for Calcutta) to Tran- 
quebar, A. June 16, 1780. and died of fever soon after. 

J. DAN MENTEL. B. at Strasburg (Lower-Rhine, France), Feb. 
13, 1755. E at Strasburg, 0. at Copenhagen, 1780, A. 1781, It. to 
Europe in 1784. 

PETER RCBEK HAGELUND. B. in Denmark, 1756, was sent out in 
1785. D. at Tranquebar, Oct. 1, 1788. 

J. CASPAR KOHIHOFF. (Son of J. Balthasar Kohlhoffj B. at Tranque- 
bar, 1 726, brought up by C. F. Schwartz, 0. by him at Tranquebar, 
1787, labored at Tanjore till his death March 27. 1844. 

Jos. DAN. JANICKE. B. at Berlin July 27, 1759, E. at Halle, 0. 
at Wernigerode, 1787, A. 1788, labored at Tanjore and Palamcottah, and 
D. at the former place, May 10, 1800. 

Arc. FREJ> CAXMERER. B. in Brandenburg, June 22, 1767, E. at 
Halle, at Copenhagen, 1789, suffered shipwreck at the Cape, A. 1791, 
was at Tranquebar for many years, D. Oct. 22, 1837. 

C. W. PAZOLD. B. in Lusatia, 1764, E at Witteinberg, 0. at 
Wernigerode, 1792, A. 1793, where he assisted Gericke, went to Calcutta 
as Professor of Tamil in the College of Fort William, 1802, R. in 1804 
to Madras, where he labored till his death, Nov. 4, 1817. 

E. Pir. H. STEQMANN. B. at Cassel 1773, E at Marburg. 0. at 
Copenhagen. 1795, A. 1796, R. to Europe in 1797, Rt. in 1799, R. 
to Europe. D. at Funen. 

W. TOB. RIXGELTAUBE. B. in Silesia 1770, E. at Halle. 0. at 
Wernigerode 1796, A. 1799, R the same year to Eng. Joined the London 
Missionary Society, Is said to have been killed on a journey into the 
interior of Africa before 1820. 

J. M Go. HOLZBEKG. B. near Gorlitz, April 28. 1770, E. at Leip- 
zig. with the last mentioned, A. 1797, labored at Tanjore till 1803, 
and then at Cuddalore where he D. Dec. 19, 1824. 

LAMB. CH. FRTTCHTENICHT. 1799-1802. 

CHRISTOPH H. HORST. B. near Schwerin, 1761, studied medicine 
at Gottingen, joined the army and arrived with his regiment at Madras 
1787, joined tho Mission as a catechist at Cuddalore- in 1792, removed to 
Tranquebar, 1803, then to Tanjoro 1806, where ho was ordained by 
Pohle, and D. July 18, 1810. 



8 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

DAN. SCHREYVOGEL. B. at Lindau. Bavaria, Jan. 16, 1777, was 
sent out unordained as a catechist to Tranquebar 1803, A. 1804. at 
Tranquebar 1813, resigned and joined the English Church by re-ordina- 
tion, 1826, D at Pondicherry, Jan 16, 1840. 

CHRISTL. AUGUSTIN JACOBI. B. at Olbernhau in Saxony, May 26, 
1791, E. at Leipzig and Halle, 0. at Copenhagen 1812, embarked in 
Eng, 1813, A. at Tanjore, but died immediately after arriving, Feu. 
21, 1814. 

J. G. PH. SPERSCHNEIDER. B. in Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, 1794, 
E at Leipzig and Jena, 0. at Halle 1818, A. in Nov. 1819, went to 
Tanjore where he labored until 1826, when his connection with the Pa- 
tron Society was dissolved. 

LAUR. PET. HATTBROE. B at Copenhagen, 1791, E. at Copenhagen, 
0. at Koesldlde, 1818, A. in Madras Feb. 1819, labored there till 
1827, removed to Tanjore, where he D. 1830. 

DAVID ROSEN. B at Ebeltoft, Denmark, 1791, E. at Copenhagen, 
0. and A. with the last mentioned, labored in Trichinopoly till 1824, at 
Cuddalore till 1829, then at Palamcottah till 1830, was at the head of the 
Danish colonization experiment on the Nicobar Islands, 1831-34, II. 
to Palamcottah. 1835, went home 1838, was appointed pastor of Lille 
Lyndby in Zealand, D. 1862. 

K. E. MOHL. A. 1829, was pastor of Zion Church, Tranquebar, 
went home, 1835. 

HANS KNUDSEN. B. at Copenhagen, Jan. 11, 1813, E. at the same 
place, came to I. in 1837, was pastor of Zion Church, Tranquebar 
till May 1843, when he fell sick and R. to Europe. 

AARON. B. at Cuddalore about 1699, baptized at Tranquebar Aug. 5, 
1718: 0. Dec. 28, 1733: D. June 25, 1745. 

DIOGO. B. of Roman Catholic parents about 1 705 : joined the Lu- 
theran Church Nov. 17, 1713: 0. Dec. 25, 1741 : D. in Oct. 1781. 

AMBROSE. B. of Roman Catholic parents in 1709: joined the Luth- 
eran Church Aug. 8,1717: 0. at Poreiar April 9, 1749: D. Feb. 8, 
1777. 

PHILIP. B. of heathen parents in 1731 : baptized at Tranquebar 
Sept. 3, 1841 : 0. Dec. 28, 1772 : D. Feb. 4, 1788. 

RAYAPPEN. B. at Poreiar in 1742 0. in 1778, D. March 25, 1797. 

SATTIANADEN. 0. Dec. 26, 1790, D. in 1815. 

NAJANAPRAGASAM. 0. March 17, 1811, D. 

ADEIKKALAM. 0. March 17, 1811 : D. 

VEDANATAGAM. 0. March 17, 1811: D. about 1813. 

ABRAHAM. 0. March 17, 1811 : D. 

SCHAWRIRATEN. B. in 1751 at Valipaleam. 0. in 1813, D. Sept. 

25, 1817. 

NALLATHAMBI. O. in Aug. 1817, D. in 1857. 
ABRAHAM. 0. in Aug. 1817, D. 
PAKIANADEN. 0. in Aug. 1817, D. 



CHAPTER II. 
THE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SDCIETY. 

THIS Society, the pioneer of the many Missionary Socie- 
ties which have sprung up during the last century, was or- 
ganized mainly through the tireless efforts of William Carey. 
Iii the year 1791, when preaching at Leicester, he pressed 
upon the attention of his ministerial brethren his favorite 
theme, the degraded state of heathen lands ; and respectfully 
submitted for their consideration, " whether it was not practi- 
cable and their bounden duty to attempt somewhat towards 
spreading the Gospel in the heathen world." At the next 
meeting of the Nottingham Association, in May, 1792, Mr. 
Carey preached his memorable sermon from Isaiah 54, 1-3, 
and dwelt with great power on his two leading divisions 
" Expect great things from God ; and attempt great things 
for God." The impression produced by this discourse was so 
deep and general that the Association resolved upon institut- 
ing- a mission to the heathen at their next meeting in Autumn. 
On the 22nd of October, 1792, the Society was formed, and 
although the collection on the occasion amounted to but 13 
2s. 6d., ample funds speedily flowed in from various quarters. 

After the formation of the Society, the next great ques- 
tion was in reference to its specific field of operation. Mr. 
Carey had thought long and anxiously about the South Sea 
Islands, and held himself in readiness to proceed thither if any 
Society would send him out with the means of support for 
one year. Just at that time he met with Mr. Thomas, who 
.had been a surgeon in an East Indiaman, which situation he 
had given up in order that he might become a preacher to the 
heathen. He had learned the Bengali language, and, after 
some years of evangelistic work, had returned to England 
and was collecting funds for the establishment of a Christian 
Mission in Bengal. The Society's Committee, after consulting 
with Mr. Thomas, and being fully of the opinion that a door 
was opened in the East Indies for preaching the Gospel to the 

2 



10 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

heathen, agreed to invite him to go ont under the patronage 
of the Society, agreeing to furnish him with a companion if 
one could be obtained. Mr. Carey was willing to go at once : 
and, after encountering numerous and complicated difficulties, 
financial, domestic and political, they at length embarked for 
India in the Princess Maria, a Danish East Indiaman, on the 
13th of June, 1793. They reached Calcutta in safety on the 
llth of November. On arriving, they found the way closed by 
the restrictions of the East India Company against their open- 
ly pursuing their vocation as Christian missionaries, and being 
uncertain as to their future support from England, they went 
up country and took situations which were offered them in 
connection with indigo factories, in the neighbourhood of 
Maid a. 

On the 1st of November, 1795, the missionaries formed 
a church at Mudnabutty (where Mr. Carey had fixed his resi- 
dence) consisting of themselves and two Englishmen. In 1796, 
the Rev. John Fountain was sent out to reinforce the Mission. 
In 1797, the missionaries made an excursion to Bootan, preach- 
ing Christ in many new places. During 1798, a school was 
established and a printing press set up at Mudnabutty for the 
printing of the Scriptures, the translation of which into Ben- 
gali was made a primary object of the Mission. In October, 
1799, Messrs. Ward, Brunsdon, Grant and Marshman arrived 
in India, and, owing to the hostility of the British Government, 
proceeded to Serampore, a Danish settlement. After consult- 
ing with the other missionaries, it was determined to remove 
the Mission from Mudnabutty to Serampore, which was done 
early in 1800. On the 24th of April, 1800, the missionaries 
united together as a church. The printing of the New Testa- 
ment in Bengali was begun May 26, 1800, and was finished 
February 7, 1801. The first Bengali convert, Krishna Pal, was 
baptized on the last Lord's Day in December, 1800. 

The work gradually spread from Serampore. Dinagepore, 
Cutwa and Jessore were occupied as mission stations by 1804. 
In the early part of 1805, four additional missionaries from 
England arrived. In 1809, a new place of worship for Euro- 
peans and natives was opened in Calcutta, costing Rs. 30,000. 

In 1806, and onward for several years, the Mission ex- 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 1 1 

perienced severe trials from the opposition of Government, 
which seemed determined to conciliate the Hindoos by pro- 
tecting their idolatrous forms of worship against all interfer- 
ence from the missionaries. Prejudice and bigotry joined 
hands in endeavoring to prevent missionaries entering India. 
Besides other forms of opposition, Government proceedei to 
prohibit the circulation of tracts and public preaching in Cal- 
cutta: and this opposition reached a climax when on the ar- 
rival of two new missionaries from England in August, 1806, 
they were peremptorily ordered to quit the country immedi- 
ately. Like others who had preceded them, they at once plac- 
ed themselves under the special protection of the Danish Gov- 
ernor of Serampore and even then barely escaped. At times 
the Government abstained from interference, but at other times 
it Mas violently opposed to missionary enterprises. In 1812 
it ordered two missionaries to be expelled the country, and 
then all others brought to its notice, with the exception of 
those at Serampore. The last of those thus expelled was the 
Rev. Mr. Johns, who, in spite of all protestations, was sent 
home to England, at an expense to the (Baptist) Society of 
500. In the same year, 1813, the new East India Company 
Charter came into force, removing all restrictions on mission- 
aries entering the country. 

The work at Serampore and in adjoining stations was 
energetically carried forward. " In no country in the world 
and in no period in the history of Christianity/' says the author 
of Protestant Missions in India, "was there ever displayed such 
an amount of energy in the translation of the sacred Scrip- 
tures from their originals into other tongues, as was exhibited 
by a handful of earnest men in Calcutta and Serampore in the 
first ten years of the present century. By their own industry, 
and that of other persons in various parts of India, who had 
caught from them the inspiration for the work, during this 
short period, portions of the Bible, chiefly of the New Testa- 
ment, had been translated and actually printed, in thirty-one 
Indian languages and dialects/' The whole Bible was trans- 
lated, through their agency, into a few, and the New Testa- 
ment, into a larger number of languages, 

In 1810 the missionaries arranged their labors under the 



12 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

specific designation of "The United Missionaries in India," 
comprehending Bengal with five stations, Burmah, Orissa, 
Bootan, and North India with two stations, Patna and Agra. 
The missionaries Chamberlain and Peacock reached the latter 
place in May 1811, Lord Minto, strange to say, having given 
them a passport, 

In 1811 the number of members in all the churches ex- 
ceeded 300, one-third of whom had been added within a little 
more than a year. On the llth of March, 1812, the mission 
printing-house at Serampore was entirely destroyed by fire, 
involving a loss of about 10,000, no part of which was in- 
sured. So great was the interest taken in England in the 
Mission that this whole loss was more than made good in the 
short space of fifty days : and a powerful impulse was given 
to the Mission by rendering ifc more generally known and pro- 
ducing a simultaneous feeling of interest in all denominations. 

During the year 1813 work was progressing in ten sta- 
tions in Bengal, the missionaries were preaching in ten lang- 
uages and were preparing the Scriptures in many more. Al- 
lahabad was occupied in 1814. During 1815-17 upwards of 
400 persons were added to the churches. Dacca and Mon- 
ghyr were occupied in 1816: Howrah, Sewry, Benares and 
Delhi, in 1818. About this time the Serampore College was 
projected : in which knowledge was to be imparted in English, 
Hebrew, Greek, Sanski-it, Arabic, Chinese, and a multitude of 
Indian languages : and lectures were to be delivered by quali- 
fied professors in mathematics, medicines, jurisprudence, ethics, 
and theology. A charter was obtained for the College from 
the Danish Government in 1829. 

During the interval 1817-27 a controversy arose between 
the Serampore missionaries and the Parent Society respecting 
the property at Serampore. This culminated in a breach which 
extended from 1827 to 1837, during which time the two bodies 
labored independently. The Serampore mission had nine Out- 
stations, including Delhi, where the Rev. Mr. Thompson was 
earnestly laboring. The Parent Society made its headquar- 
ters in Calcutta, where the missionaries prosecuted their labors 
with success. The printing press yielded a large revenue, 
chapels were built in various parts of the city, and schools were 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. ^ 

opened. Early in 1838 harmony was restored between the 
two bodies and the breach healed. The plan of union pro- 
vided that the translations and all the movoable property at 
Seiampore should be transferred to Calcutta, which thence- 
forth became the centre of interest in regard to translations, 
printing, etc. 

The Society occupies the following stations: Calcutta, Ser^ 
ampore, Backergunge, Jessore, Dacca, Eastern Bengal, Dinage- 
pore, Beerbhooni, Monghyr, Patna, Benares, Allahabad, Agra, 
Delhi, Simla, Poona, Madras, and Ootacamund ; there are in 
all about 110 stations and sub-stations. It has 34 European 
and 11 Native missionaries or Assistant missionaries, and 104 
Native evangelists. About 2,500 children are taught in the 
day schools and 400 in the Sunday-schools connected with the 
Society. The largest number of Christians connected with it is 
in Backergunge, whore the Christian community exceeds 4,000. 
There are a considerable number of Christians also in the Twen- 
ty-Four Pergunnahs, in Jessore, and in Delhi and its neigh- 
bourhood. The native Church-members connected with the 
Society number over 3,000, representing a nominal Christian 
community of probably about 10,000. The Society has paid 
special attention to the work of Bible Translation, especially 
in the Bengali and Hindi languages, chiefly through the labor 
of Drs. Carey, Yates, and Wenger, and Mr. Parsons, all of 
whom have passed to their eternal reward. The Society en- 
gages mainly in preaching, as distinguished from educational 
work. 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 



ALLEN, ISAAC. E. Bristol, Eng. June, 1831. E. Oberlin Col., 
Ohio, U. S. A., 1860, -62, 0. Aug. 1863, A. Nov. 1863. S. Beerbhoom 
and Dacca. H. to Eng., 1875-77. S, Dacca and Cachar. AV. Engl. and 
A'er. L. Several Engl. Tracts. Ad. Silchar, Cachar. 

ANDERSOX, JAMES HENRY. 8. in Lon., 1827, E. at Stepney 
Col., Lon. A. Xov. 2, 1854. S. Jessore, 1854-66, Acting Prin- 
cipal Serampore College, 1866-68; for a time in Calcutta. H. six 
months in 1862, and 1870-72, lit. 1873. S. Alluliabad. AVork, A T r< 
at Jessore, Engl. and A'er. since. On account of wife's ill health went to 
Eng. in Feb. 1881, 



14 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

BANERJEA, BROJONATH. Ad. Dinajepore, Bengal. 

BANERJEA, TABA CHAND. B. Calcutta. Feb. 17, 1827. E. General 
Assembly's Inst., Calcutta, before the disruption of the Church of 
Scotland. For some years prosecuted medical studies. Became a Christ- 
ian Feb. 17, 1844. Taught in Mission schools in the capacity of 
head-master about twenty-five years, for some years in the Cathedral 
Mission Col., Calcutta. 0. by the Presbytery of the Church of 
Scotland in August, 1868. Was a missionary in connection -with that 
Church till Feb. 1872, when he became a Baptist and afterwards join- 
ed the Baptist Missionary Society of Eng. at Calcutta. L. Trans- 
lating the Koran and Institutes of Manu. Ad. Lower Circular Road, 
Calcutta. 

BARNETT, T. A. 1880. Ad. Dacca, Bengal. 

BATE, JOHN DREW. A. 1866 Ad. Allahabad. 

BION, ROBERT. A. 1847. Ad. Dacca, Bengal. 

BROADWAY, D. P. A. 1856. Ad. Bankipore, Bengal. 

BUKSH, SAMUEL PEER. B. Calcutta, 1823. Intally chapel, Sept. 
1875. S. Pastor of the Native Baptist Church, South Colinga St. L. 
" Ainulkal," " Brazen Serpent," " Namaze" in prose ani in Moham- 
madan Bengali, " Birth and Childhood of Jesus," and " Narration of Ab- 
raham" in verse and in Mohammadan Bengali, " Gulpa Ratno" and 
" Catholic Errors" in prose in Bengali ; versification of the Proverbs and 
Ecclesiastes in Bengali all these for Tract Society : Commentary on the 
Proverbs of Solomon in Bengali, to be had at the depository of Tract 
Society and in Baptist Mission Press. Ad. Intally, Calcutta. 

CARET, WILLIAM. (M.B. L.K.C.S , Edinburgh). B. July 12, 1849, 
at Serampore, Bengal. Set apart as a medical missionary in Oct. 1874. 
M. Oct. 26, 1874. A. Dec. 1, 1874. Ad. Delhi. 

CHOWRRTAPPAH, SAMUEL JOSHUA. B. 1849, at Bellary. Spent nine 
years in Eng. two of which in Guinness' East Lon. Institute. 0. in 
Southampton, Jan. 13, 1875. A. Feb. 26, 1875. Labored in Tamil 
and Telugu. Ad. Vepery, High Road, Madras. 

DUFFADAR, ANUNDO C. Ad. Jessore, Bengal. 

DUTT, GOGON CHUNDER. B. of heathen parents, in 1839, near Dac- 
ca. Converted in 1858. 0. 1862. Since 1867, S. Khoolna. L. Three 
Tracts ; two on " Romanism," and one on " Christian Baptism," Bapt. 
Miss. Press, Calcutta, Ad. Khoolna, Bengal. 

EDWARDS, THOMAS RICHARD. B. Hanthewy, Abergavenny, Monmouth- 
shire, Feb. 27, 1857. E. Pontypool Col., accepted by the Baptist Mis- 
sionary Society for mission work in I. July 8, 1879. A. Nov. 27, 1879. 
Ad. Barrisal, Backergunge, Bengal. 

EVANS, B. A. 1880. Ad. Monghyr, Bengal. 

EVANS, THOMAS. B. Sept. 28, 1826 at Newport, South Wales. 
Entered the Baptist Theological Col. at Pontypool, Wales, in Jan. 
1850. Set apart as pastor of " The Tabernacle" at Pontypool, in 1853. 
A. July 17, 1855. Appointed to Chitoura near Agra where he remained 
until Jan. 1856, when he removed to Muttra. In May, 1857 was driven 
into the Fort at Agra by the rebels, who destroyed all the mission pro- 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 15 

perty at Muttra. In Oct. 1858 lost all his property the second time 
by a fire in the Agra Fort. In Feb. 1859 returned to Muttra where he 
labored among the British soldiers and also among the Hindoos, until 
Jan. 1861 when he removed to Delhi : took an active part in the famine 
relief works. H. in April, 1863. While at home labored in the in- 
terests of the Missionary Society. R. Nov. 1865. Spent 1866 as pas- 
ter pro tern, of the Baptist Church at Circular Road, Calcutta. Removed 
to Allahabad in Jan. 1867, where he labored as pastor and in general 
missionary work until March, 1873, when on account of ill health he 
was again compelled to leave I. After eighteen months in Eng. Rt. and 
was stationed at Monghyr, where he has since labored. "W. both Eng. 
and Ver. Ad. Monghyr, Bengal. 

EVVEJC, JOHN. B. Aberdeen, IS". B. Oct. 1855, appointed by Free 
Church of Scotland Evangelist to Pachamba, Nov. 1874. A. April 1875. 
Resigned on account of change of views on the subject of Baptism and 
returned home Oct. 1876. Entered Bristol Baptist Col., Jan. 1877. 
Attended Medical School in that city. 0. May 20, 1879. Appointed by 
B. M. S. to Delhi Rt. Nov. 1879. At present in charge of Medical 
Mission. Ad. Delhi. 

GUYTON, ROBERT' FIRTH. B. April 5, 1845, at Norwich. 0. at Chep- 
stow, June, 1871. M. Oct. 1871. Labored three years as pastor of the 
Baptist Church, Chepstow, A. March 25, 1874. S. Delhi. Ad. Delhi. 

HALL AM, EBENEZER CHARLES BETHLEHEM. B. at Worcester, Eng. 
Jan. 1. 1833. E. at King Edward's Grammar School, Birmingham, 
and Normal School, Toronto, Canada West. Converted at nearly 17 
years of age, Baptized, December 16, 1849. Entered the ministry 
as a licentiate in 1852, in connection with the Free Baptist denomi- 
nation. 0. at Dereham. C. W.. in 1855. Dec 31, 1855. A. March 
19, 1857. S. Jellasore, Orissa, from April 1857, until Feb. 1863. Was 
then removed to Balasore, and in June of the same year sailed for A mer- 
ica (on account of Mrs. Hallam's ill-health, who died on the passage). 
Rt. Feb. 19, 1867. S. Balasore. Removed to Midnapore in April, 
1870, and was appointed to the tutorship of the Theol. Class. Left 
the Free Baptist Mission in Dec 1872. Resided in Calcutta for six 
months, acted for a short time, as Assistant Translator to the Bengal 
Government, and commenced the publication of an Oriya Grammar. In 
July, 1873, was appointed officiating pastor and missionary at Monghyr, 
under the auspices of the Baptist Missionary Society of Eng. In 
Jan. 1875 was transferred to Howrah, in Jan. 1877, transferred to 
Allahabad. From March, 1857 to April 1870 W. was wholly in 
Oriya : for the next three and a half years wholly in Bengali : following 
this, chiefly in Engl. In 1874 his Oriya Grammar was completed and 
made over to the Calcutta School Book Society : now to be had at their 
Depository. In July, 1874, the honorary degree of M. A. was conferred 
by Bowdoin College, II. S. A. H. in 1879, to Eng. 

HEINIG, HENRY. B. Magdeburg, Germany, Jan. 30, 1810. E. 
Berlin, 1836-37. A. Dec. 1838. S, Patna, 1838-50, Benares, 1850-81. 
Ad. Benares, 



16 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

JAMES, AY. B. A. 1878. Ad. Dinayepore, Bengal. 

JAMES, "\V r . 11. A. 1878. Ad. Bapt. Miss. Tress, Calcutta. 

JONES, DANIEL. B. in Nov. 1850 *t Llantwit Major, Glamorgan- 
shire, S. "\Y;iles. Began to preach in Sept. 1869. E. Pontypool Col, 
Wales, 1872-74. 0. Nov. 11,1874. A. Dec. 7, 1874. S. Monghyr 
till 1876; Benares, 1878; Agra, 1878-81. Ad. Agra. 

JORDAN, CHARLES. B. at Dulwich, Surrey, Oct. 1, 1841. E. Re- 
gents Park, Col., Lon. Afterwards had pastoral work. Designation, 
Aug. 18G9. A. Nov. 8, 1869. S. Dec. 1869 to June, 1871, Bar- 
risul : 1871-73, Engl. preaching, teaching and Ver. translation at Serain- 
pore and Calcutta : 1873-78, President of Serampore Col.: in 1878 
transferred to Calcutta, in 1879 H. to Eng. 

KERRY, GEORGE. A. 1856. Ad. South Road, Intally, Calcutta. 

KOBIRAJ, 11. K. Ad. Calcutta. 

MARTIN, THOMAS. B. March 9, 1823, County Berry, Ireland. Con- 
Verted at an early age. Entered the Baptist Col. Bristol, in 1849. 
Was accepted by the Uaptiat Missionary Society in 1853, and set apart 
for I. in May, 1854 M. June 28, 1854. A. Calcutta Nov. 2, 1854. 
S. 1854-64, Backergunge, engaged chiefly in itinerating and preach- 
ing ; 1864-76, Serampore, engaged mostly in teaching in the Col.; 
in 1876 returned to Backergunge. H. 18G6, one year : 1872, two and a 
half years. Ad. JSarrisal, Bengal. 

MoCtrjfBY, ALEXANDER. B. Cawnpore, Dec. 1814. Enlisted in 
the 31st Begt., March, 1828. In 1838 left the army and joined Mr. 
Start's Mission, with which he was connected for about 39 years. His 
work has been Bazar and niela preaching, lias made extensive preach- 
ing tours in Bengal and North I. Went to Eng. in 1846 with Mr. 
Start. It. 1847. Joined the Baptist Missionary Society, 1878, Allaha- 
bad. Was previously located in Dinapore for 1 1 years. Ad. Benares. 

McKENNA, ANGUS. B. Dec. 29, 1833. Entered the ministry in 
1855. A. 1851. Joined the Society in 1856. M. in August, 1857. 
S. Serampore, 1857: Dinagepore, 1862: Chittagong, 1867: Dace*, 
1870: Barrisal, 1874: Dacca, 1874: Soory, 1879. H. Eroni Feb. 1870 
to Jan. 1873. W. Engl. and Yer. Ad. Soory, Bengal. 

MORGAN, THOMAS. A 1839. Ad. lloivrah, Bengal. 

PEARCE, GEORGE. B. at Canterbury, Kent. 0. in June, 1826 ; 
M. the same month. A. Oct 22, 1826. S. Chitpore, Seebpore, Intally. 
Alipore, Seebpore, Serampore, and Ootacamund. Except about three 
years, W. has been entirely Yer. Translations : (1) " Doddridge's llise 
and Progress of lleligion in the Soul" ; (2) Second Part of Banyan's 
" Progress"; (3) " Pinnock's Bible and Gospel History" ; (4) " Compan- 
ion to the Bible" (London Tract Society). Original : A Vernacular 
Hymn-book ; A Compendium of Christian Duties; A Tract against 
Popery ; The Voice of the Bible against Idolatry ; A Scripture Tract- 
book ; Several smaller tracts. Several II. aggregating ten years. Ad. 
Oviacamund, Madras /'. 

PRICE, W. J. Ad. Agra, 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 17 

ROTTSE, GEORGE HENRY. B. at Melton. Suffolk, Nov. 18,1838, 
Brought up in the Church of England : became a Baptist in 
youth: was baptized in 1854 : studied for the ministry in Stepney and 
Regents Pars Col. Was accepted for missionary service in I. in 
1860: left Eng. for I. in 1861. M. Was sent to I. with 
the view of specially engaging in the work of Bible translation 
in Bengal. Remained in I. till May, 1863, when complete failure 
of health necessitated a return to Eng. Remained in Eng. 
nine years, most of the time as tutor in the Regents Park or 
the Haverfordwest Baptist Theol. Col. R. in 1872. and settled in 
Calcutta. For nearly four years had charge of the Baptist Mission 
Press. For over two years acted as pastor of the Circular Road 
and afterwards of the Lai Bazar Church. Has been to some extent 
associated with Dr. Wenger in the revision of Bengali Bible and has 
engaged in other Yer. works. H. to Eng. in 1880. 

SHAH, GOOLZAR. B. near Calcutta about 1826. Appointed pastor 
of the Intally church in 1852. In 1853 the Baptist churches of Intally 
and Colinga were united and he became pastor of the united church, re- 
maining at Colinga until 1865. In 1865 his secular employment called him 
to Simla where he founded the Baptist mission. Labors at Simla dur- 
ing the hot season and at Calcutta during the cold. 1871 visited Eng. 
where he spent four months Ad. Simla. 

SMITH, JAMES B. at Morley, Yorkshire, March 4, 1817. M. Be- 
fore coming to I. he was connected with the Leeds Young Men's 
Preaching Association. A. in 1841. 0. in 1846. S. Cawnpore, then 
Muttra and Chitoura, and subsequently, immediately after the muti- 
ny, Delhi, where he has since remained. W. has been Ver preaching 
in Delhi and surrounding villages, and establishing schools ; and Eng. 
preaching in Delhi. H. 1861-62, to Australia: to Eng. 1867-68: 
again in 1870 : and in 1876. Ad Delhi. 

SPURGEON, ROBERT. B. Halstead, Essex, May, 17, 1850. 0. at 
East Lon. Tabernacle, 1873. A. March 19, 1874. S. Soory, 1874- 
75, Jessore, 1876-78, Dacca, 1879. Nov. 1880, Barrisal, Nov. 1880. 
Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

SUMMERS, EDWARD SAMUEL. B. Lon. June 18, 1853. 0. Oct. 1876. 
A. Dec. 1876. S. Calcutta, 1877, Serampore Col. 1878 to present 
Ad. Serampore. 

THOMAS, JOSEPH WILSON. B. in Calcutta, Feb. 6. 1844. R. from 
Eng. Nov. 1867. S. Serampore Col. till Ib78. H. Nov. 1878 
Feb. 1880. Ad Bapt. Mission Press, Calcutta. 

WILLIAMS, ALBERT. B in S. Wales, 1841. 0. 1866, A. 1866. S. 
Circular Road Church, Calcutta, 1866-78, Principal Serampore Col. 
1879. H. to Eng. March, 1875. Oct. 1876. Ad. Serampore, Bengal. 



i8 

DECEASED AND RETIEED MISSIONAKIES. 

JOHN THOMAS. Mr. THOMAS had been educated for the medical 
profession, and, having obtained an appointment in the service of the 
East India Company, proceeded to Calcutta in 1783 as a Surgeon. 
Unable on his arrival to discover any one of a congenial Christian 
spirit, he advertised, as he said, for a Christian who would assist in 
promoting a knowledge of Jesus Christ in and around Bengal. Mr. 
Chambers responded to the notice, and offered to encourage the transla- 
tion of the New Testament into the Persian and Moorish languages. 
This movement however led to no result, and Mr. T. returned to Eng- 
land. He embarked as a Surgeon the second time, and, on his ar- 
rival in Calcutta, was introduced to Mr. Grant, who was delighted with 
his piety and zeal, and raised a subscription to enable him to quit the 
Company's service, and devote his attention to the heathen. A mission- 
ary station was thus formed at Goamalty, near Malda, where he applied 
himself diligently to the Bengali language, into which he translated a 
portion of the New Testament. He was employed for three years in 
itinerating through the district, and made considerable impression on the 
minds of several natives. In 1792, for various reasons, he determined to 
visit England, and seek assistance for the establishment of a Mission in 
Bengal. On arriving he heard of the formation of a Missionary Society 
in his own denomination, and, after correspondence and consultation, he 
was accepted as a missionary to India. In company with Mr. Carey he 
proceeded to Calcutta, landing there in November, 1793. After remain- 
ing some months in Calcutta he removed to Malda where he took charge of 
an indigo factory. Was afterwards engaged in superintending some sugar 
factories in Beerbhoom. Amid all his secular engagements he never 
neglected the instruction of the heathen. In December, 1800, while at 
Serampore, he was so overjoyed at the accession of a hopeful convert that 
he began to exhibit symptoms of insanity and was placed in an Asylum. 
After a month's residence here he was restored to mental health, and 
proceeded to Dinagepore to take charge of an indigo factory. Here he 
died on the 13th of October, 1801. (Abridged from " Carey, Marshman 
and Ward.") 

WILLIAM CARET. Born in Northamptonshire, August 17, 1761. His 
parents being in humble circumstances, he was brought up to the trade 
of a shoe-maker. A sermon by Mr. Scott, the commentator, is said to 
have been the means of his conversion, after which he first became a 
village school-master, and then the pastor of a small Baptist church. At 
an early period of his religious career he was imbued with a spirit of mis- 
sionary enterprise far in advance of the times in which he lived. His 
heart was greatly drawn out to the heathen world, and he continued 
both with pen and voice to urge his views upon the attention of his breth- 
ren in the ministry. Nothing less than his sublime earnestness and 
unflagging zeal would have brought success : thi at length rewarded him, 
when in October, 1792, the Baptist Missionary Society was organized. 
Mr. Carey at once with great gladness of heart offered his services to the 
Society, and, with Mr, Thomas, was appointed to India. After many 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 19 

vexatious delays and much self-denial in order to secure funds, (Mra. 
Carey having consented to accompany him on condition that her sister 
should also go,) the party left England, June 13, 1793. Arriving in 
Calcutta the following November they took up their residence there ; but 
before a month Mr. Carey was constrained to seek some cheaper residence. 
He removed to Bandel, about 25 miles up the river, but as this was in 
the neighborhood of European society, he proceeded with Mr. Thomas to 
Nuddea, but returned after a brief sojourn, to Calcutta. Here he was 
reduced to great distress, and with his family removed for a time to the 
Soonderbuns. He was rescued from this most unfavorable position 
through the efforts of Mr. Thomas, and the superintendence of an in- 
digo factory was offered him. He accepted this at once and removed to 
Mudnabutty, distant thirty miles from Malda. In this secluded spot 
he passed more than five years of his life, preaching to the workmen of 
the factory, itinerating in the villages, etc. His principal attention was 
devoted to the translation of the New Testament into Bengali, for print- 
ing which a press was purchased in Calcutta. The press was set up at 
Muduabutty, and is still preserved in the Serampore College. On the 
arrival of Mr. Ward and his companions in 1799, Mr. Carey, then at 
Kidderpore (a village which he had purchased), was not disposed to change 
his residence, but, influenced mostly by Government opposition, he yield- 
ed, and removed with his family to Serampore, where he arrived January 
10, 1800. Soon after he became a teacher of the Bengali language in 
the College of Fort William, entering upon the duties of his office May 
12, 1801. Shortly after he was likewise appointed teacher of the 
Sanskrit language ; and compiled grammars of both languages. He was 
also diligently engaged in translations. In 1807, on the remodeling of 
the College, Mr. Carey was raised to a professorship, and his allowance 
increased to Rs. 1,000 per month. On the 8th of March, 1807, he re- 
ceived the diploma of Doctor of Divinity from Brown University, in the 
United States, a title of which he was well worthy. His wife having died 
Mr. Carey was married again in 1808. In July, 1809, he completed the 
publication of the Bengali Bible ; and was at once seized with a fever 
which brought him rapidly to the brink of the grave : the fever was 
at length subdued, and he gradually recovered his strength. He con- 
tinued to labor with unabated zeal. Amidst all his missionary, biblical 
and literary labors, he never lost sight of the material interests of the 
countiy. In April, 1820, he drew up the prospectus of the Agricul- 
tural Society of India which was organized soon after, chiefly through 
his efforts. On the 30th of May, 1821, he was visited with the loss of 
his second wife, who had been of " eminent service to him in the transla- 
tion of the scriptures." During 1823 he was married the third time. 
In July, 1823. his labors were still further augmented by accepting the 
office of Government translator in the Bengali language : he also 
edited a Grammar and a Dictionary of the Bootan language, and com- 
pleted his Bengali Dictionary. In the course of the year he was elected 
a fellow of the Linnaean Society, a member of the Geological Society, and 
a corresponding member of the Horticultural Society of London. On the 



20 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

8th of October he was again brought near death, but was gradually restor- 
ed to health. During the year 1833 he experienced several severe attacks 
of illness, and it was evident that his constitution was exhausted by his 
forty years of incessant labor in the climate of Bengal, without a visit 
to England, or even a voyage to sea to recruit his strength. After he had 
completed the last revision of the Bengal translation, he felt that his 
course was run, and his work accomplished. On Monday morning, the 
9th of June 1834, he passed gently away to the better world. ( Vide 
" Memoir of "William Carey. By Eustace Carey": "Carey, Marshman, 
and Ward" ; and other volumes.) 

JOHN FOUNTAIN. A resident of London. Appointed to the Mission 
in Bengal, he embarked on one of the Company's ships, rated as a ser- 
vant, and entered India without attracting notice. He joined the Mission 
at Mudnabutty towards the close of 1796. He removed with Mr. Carey 
to Serampore in 1800, where, on the 20th of August of the same year, 
he died. 

JOSHUA MARSHMAN. Born at Westbury Leigh in Wiltshire, April 
20, 1768. As he grew up, his reading became somewhat extensive, and 
when he was fifteen he spent several months in the shop of a London 
book-seller. Shortly after his return he united with the Baptist Church 
in his native village. In 1791 he was most happily married. In 1794 
he removed to Bristol where he was baptized, and where he passed_ 
through a course of study in the Academy. The perusal of the Periodi 
cal Accounts, which recorded the labors of Mr Carey, gradually turned 
his mind to missionary labor in India, and when it was known that the 
Society was in need of laborers for that field, he offered his services and was 
accepted. In company with Messrs Ward, Brunsdon, and Grant he em- 
barked May 29, 1799, and reached Serampore October 13th of the same 
year. On the 18th of May 1800, Mr and Mrs. Marshman opened two 
boarding schools which soon yielded a handsome income. On the 1st of 
October he delivered his first address to the natives in Bengali. In July, 
1801, he visited Jessore, which soon after became a mission station. At 
the beginning of 1806, Mr Marshman commenced the stud}' of Chinese, 
with the view of translating the Scriptures into that language. For fif- 
teen years he devoted himself to this arduous task, and he has the merit 
of having carried the first Chinese translation of the Bible through the 
press. Mr. Marshman was eminently successful in collecting funds for 
the new Chapel in Bow Bazar, Calcutta : in less than ten days he secured 
1.100 from those altogether unconnected with his own denomination. 
In 1808 he waited in person on every gentleman of eminence in Calcutta, 
and obtained no less than 2,300 to aid in the printing of the Scriptures. 
Two years later, in 1810, he published the first volume of his English 
translation of the works of Confucius, with a preliminary dissertation on the 
language of China ; a monument of literary enterprise. Mr. Marshman's 
literary labors had attracted nmch attention in America, and in the 
month of June, 1811. he was honored with the diploma of Doctor of 
Divinity from Brown University. In the year 1814 he published hie 
" Clavis Sinica, or Key to the Chinese Language," the result of eight 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOOIETY. 21 

years of study. About the year 1815 he published his memorable pam- 
phlet entitled, " Hints relative to native Schools, together with an Out- 
line of an Institution for their Extension and Management." The plan 
described in the pamphlet for the extension of vernacular schools suc- 
ceeded beyond the most sanguine expectation. Within a year or two 45 
schools were established within a circle of 20 miles around Serampore, 
in which 2,000 children were taught. On the 31st of May, 1818, the 
first number of the Sumachar Durpan, or Mirror of Neivs, was issued 
from the Serampore press, conducted chiefly by Mr. Marshman. In the 
same year the missionaries also commenced the publication of a monthly 
magazine which was denominated the " friend of India," a name which 
was associated with the periodical publications of Serampore for more 
than half a century. They also about this time issued the prospectus of 
the Serampore College which was drawn up by Mr. Marshman. In 
June, 1820, Mr. Marshman commenced the publication of a Quarterly 
Friend. These journals from the beginning took an active part in the 
discussion of all subjects of public interest. During the years 1820-21, 
Mr. Marshman was engaged in his celebrated discussion with Ram Mohun 
Roy, on the doctrine of the Atonement. The controversy attracted much 
attention and was beneficial to the interests of Christian truth. The chief 
object to which his attention was directed at this time was the completion of 
the Chinese version of the Bible, on which he had been engaged fourteen 
years and the last sheet of which left the press in December, 1822. A 
copy of it was presented to the British and Foreign Bible Society at their 
annual meeting in May, 1823. In January, 1826, in the interests of the 
Serampore College, Mr Marshman proceeded to England, where he land- 
ed June 17th. He visited prominent cities in Great Britain, addressing 
large audiences and awakening a deep interest in the work at Serampore. 
He also visited Denmark, and in a personal interview with the King ob- 
tained the royal sanction to the charter of the College. From Copenhagen 
he proceeded to Paris and thence to England. After several months of 
labor and travel he embarked for India, February 19, 1829, landing at Ser- 
ampore on the 19th of May. For several years he was earnestly engag- 
ed in teaching and literary work. At the beginning of 1834 his health 
began to fail. The death of his colleague, Mr. Carey, in 1834, inflicted a 
blow on his enfeebled constitution : and in 1835 he took a journey to the 
sanitarium of Chirra Poonjee. During 1836, his health was precarious: 
his spirits rose and sank with the prospects of the mission, and these 
prospects were then not of the brightest. In 1837 it became 
evident that his days of labor were nearly ended. About the middle 
of the year he was disabled from all public services. He grew 
weaker until early in December, when he was called to enter into rest. 
(Abridged from " Carey, Marshman and Ward.") 

WILLIAM WARD. Born at Derby, October 20, 1769, the son of a 
carpenter, who died while he was a child. At an early period while 
only an apprentice, he manifested considerable mental ability, and was 
afterwards employed in journalism for six years, tirst at Stafford, and 
afterwards at Hull. At the place last named he became decidedly 



&2 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

religious, was publicly baptized, and commenced his theological studies 
with a view to the Christian ministiy. Shortly after, the Society called 
for laborers for India, and Mr. "Ward was one of the four to respond. 
Landing at Serampore he with his co-laborers was soon busily engaged 
in missionary work : he set the first types of the Bengali Bible with 
his own hands and presented Mr Carey with the first sheet of the Xew 
Testament on the 18th of Mai-ch, 18GO. In October he went out to 
preach alone in Bengali. Neither of his colleagues, it is said, ever ob- 
tained that mastery of the colloquial language which he acquired. On 
the 10th of May, 1802, Mr. Ward was married to the widow of Mr. 
Fountain. Towards the close of 1810 he published the first edition of 
his work on the " History, Literature, and Mythology of the Hindoos, 
including a minute description of their manners and customs, and Trans- 
lations from their principal works :" for which he had been collecting 
materials since his arrival in the country. Concerning this well known 
work it has been truly remarked, " The value of this rich store of in- 
formation, which exhibits an unexampled acquaintance with the interior 
economy of native society, has not been diminished by fifty years of 
subsequent investigation, and the work continues to maintain its charac- 
ter as the most complete and accurate record yet published on these 
topics." It has passd through a number of editions. In 1818, impaired 
health necessitated a voyage to England, and he embarked on the 18th 
of December, landing in England the following May. During the voyage 
he partly composed a volume entitled, " Reflections on the Word of 
God for every day in the year, to be used in family Devotions." While 
at home he travelled, wrote and lectured in behalf of his brethren at 
Serampore and the perishing millions in India Being the first mission- 
ary who had ever returned to England from the East he received in every 
circle a most enthusiastic welcome. He visited various parts of England, 
Scotland and Wales, and besides other labors succeeded in raising 3,000 
for the Serampore College. He paid a visit to Holland ; and also spent 
three months in America where he was heartily welcomed, and where he 
raised Us. 20,000 for the College. Returning to England he embarked for 
India in May, 1821. During the voyage he employed his time in writ- 
ing farewell letters to his friends in England and America, which he was 
subsequently prevailed on to publish ; the work went through three edi- 
tions. He reached Serampore, October 20, 1821 : resumed charge of 
the secular department of the Mission, and of the printing office, and 
worked the nineteen presses with increased diligence in the printing of 
Scriptures and tracts ; but the object to which he gave his chief attention 
was the training of the more advanced youths in the College for mission- 
ary duties. He revised and published his " Reflections :" and began 
another literary work. He was enabled for a few months to resume his 
labors with all the vigour of renewed health, when his career was sud- 
denly terminated by an attack of cholera. On Wednesday evening the 
5th of March, 1823, he preached the evening lecture, apparently in good 
health : the next day he attended to some work, but was seized with 
cramps in the afternoon, and expired on Friday, at the age of 53. 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 23 

WILLIAM LEWIS GRANT. A resident of Bristol. In company with 
Messrs. Marshman, Ward and Brunsdon he landed at Serampore on the 
13th of October, 1799. The dampness of the house occupied by the 
missionary party caused Mr. Grant to be attacked with a severe cold 
which brought on a fever : from the effects of which he died on the 31st 
of October of the same year. 

DANIEL BRTTNSDON. One of the four missionaries who came in 
1799. He died in Calcutta on the 3rd of July, 1801, at the early age 
of 24. 

FELIX CAREY. Eldest son of Dr. Carey. He was born in England 
several years before Dr. C. came to India. Accepted by the Mission- 
aries as a colleague in 1803. In 1807 he offered his services to assist in 
the establishment of a Mission in Burmah : and in company with Mr. 
Chater proceeded to Rangoon, at the close of the year. Hearing that he 
had introduced vaccination at Rangoon, the King of Ava ordered him to 
proceed to the capital and vaccinate the royal household He went to 
Bengal for supplies, and on returning to Rangoon received orders to bring 
with him the press which had been established there. The vessel in 
which he embarked was upset by a squall in the river, and his wife and 
two children were drowned. The press was lost. He resided some time 
at the Court and proceeded to Bengal as the representative of the Bang, 
but incurring his displeasure he was not able to return to Rangoon. Af- 
ter leaving Burmah he led a wandering life on the eastern frontier of 
Bengal for three years, when he returned to Serampore. From this time 
to the date of his death, in 1822, he continued to labor in connection 
with the Serampore missionaries. 

JOHN CHAMBERLAIN. Sailed for India with his wife, by way of 
America, in May, 1802, and reached Serampore, January 27, 1803. Hi 
progress in acquiring the language was very rapid. Early in 1804 he 
was stationed at Cutwa. Here he met with severe domestic afflictions 
but continued to labor for five years. On the 16th of November, 1810, 
Lord Minto granted a passport to Messrs. Chamberlain and Peacock, and 
with the approval of their brethren they proceeded to Agra to form a 
station. On account of disagreement with the Military authorities he 
was sent back to Serampore, after a lapse of eighteen months. Shortly 
after, he returned to the North-west, and took up his residence ac Sir- 
dhana : but in 1814, was again removed by the Government from the 
North- Wf st Provinces. Mr. Chamberlain soon after made choice of 
Monghyr as his station, and there passed the remaining years of his life. 
Having declined in health, he sailed for England with the hope of recov- 
ery, but died on the passage, in 1821. 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



NAMES. 


To 
India 


FROM 


STATIONED AT 


REMARKS. 


Joshua Howe, 
William Moor, ... 
Bichard Mardou,... 
John Biss, 
William Robinson, 
Ignatius Fernandez, 
William Carey, ... 
Carpeit C. Aratoon, 
William Johns, ... 
John Lawson, 
Henry Peacock, ... 


1805 
1805 
1805 
1805 
1806 
1806 
1807 
1809 
1810 
1810 
1810 
1810 
1810 
1810 
1810 
1811 
1811 
1811 
1812 
1812 
1813 
1814 
1813 
1815 
1816 
1817 
1817 
1817 
1818 
Ibl8 
1819 
1819 
1820 
1821 
1821 ! 
1821 
1823 
18:24 
1824 
1823 
1824 
1824 
1825 1 
1826 
1831 


Salisbury, 
Stogumber, . . 
Devonport, . . 
Plymouth, 
Olney, 
Serampore, . 
Ditto, 
Calcutta, 

[Yowbridge, . 
Calcutta, 
Ditto, 
Ditto, 
Ditto, 
Ditto, 

Calcutta, 
Serampore, . . 

Calcuttta, 
Cuttack, 
Paulerspury, 
Leicester, . . 
Calcutta, 
Shrewspury, 
Birmingham, 
Calcutta, 
Amboyna, . . 

Xailsworth, . . 
Calcutta, . . 
Benares, . . 
Serampore, . . 
Edinburgh, . . 
Calcutta, 
Beerbhoom, . . 
Edinburgh, . . 
Dresden, 

Bradford, 
Exeter, 


Dinapore, 
Ditto, 

Goamalty, . . . 
Serampore, ... 
Dacca, 
Dinagepore, . . . 
Cutwa, 
Calcutta, 
Expelled, 
Calcutta, 
Agra, 
Dacca, 
Jessore, 
Dacca, 
Delhi, &c., ... 
joamalty, 
Tessore, 
Amboyna, 
Chittagong, ... 
Agra, &c., ... 
Benares, 
Calcutta, 
Ditto, 
Sylhet, 
Calcutta, 
Ditto, 
Cutwa, 
Berhampore, 
Samarang, . . . 
Sumatra, 
Deegah, 
Sumatra, 
Calcutta, 
Serampore, . . . 
Dhittagong, . . . 
Furrukabad,... 
Beerbhoom, ... 
Monghyr, 
Chittagong, ... 
Beerbhoom, ... 
Serampore, . . . 
Ditto, 
Chinsurah, ... 
Calcutta, 
Ditto, 


Died 1823. 
D. 1844. 
D. 1812. 
D. 1807. 
D. 1852. 
D. 1830. 
D. 1853. 


by Govt, 1813. 
D. 1825. 
D. 1820. 
Ret 1813. 
Ret. 1813. 
D. 1848. 
D. 1849. 




Owen Leonard, ... 
J.T.Thomson, ... 
D. DeCruz, 
William Thomas,... 
Jabez Carey. 
DeBruyn, 
L. Mackintosh, ... 
W. Smith, 
Eustace Carey, ... 
William Yates, D.D, 
John DeSilva, 
James Penney, - 
W. H. Pearce, ... 
Hart 


D. 1871 
D. 1862. 
D. 1816. 
D. 1848. 
D. 1852. 




D. 1828. 
D. 1845. 
D. 1840. 


J. W. Ricketts, ... 
J. Phillips, 
Nath. M. Ward, ... 


D. 1829. 
D. 1850. 
D. 1828. 
Ret. 1827. 
Ret, 1827. 
D. 1845. 
D. 1864. 
Ret. 1828. 
D. 1866. 
D. 1870. 
D. 1856. 
Ret. 1824. 
Ret. 1829. 
D. 1829. 


Charles Evans, ... 
J-ehn Statham, ... 
John Mack, 
John Johannes, ... 
R. Richards, 
James Williamson, 
Andrew Leslie, ... 
J. C. Fink, 
Hampton, . . . 
Thomas Swan, 
Albrecht, 


James Thomas, 
J. D. Ellis, 


D. 1858. 
Ret. 1841. 



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



IS AMES. 


T ' L \ FROM 
India. 


STATIONED AT 


REMARKS. 


W. Green way, 


1830 


Dinapore, . . 


D. 1880. 


A. B. Lish, 


1831 ^Calcutta, 


Agra, 


D. 1852. 


John Lawrence, 


1831 Loughton, ... Monghyr, 


D. 1874. 


H. Smylie, ...j 1831 Dum Dum, ...'Dinagepore, ... 


D. 1855. 


John Leechraan, D.D 


1832 


Serampore, . . . 


Ret. 1838 


Henry Beddy, 


1832 




Patna, 


D. 1854. 


F. UeMonte, 


1833 


Calcutta, 


Calcutta, 


D. 1855. 


G. T. Anderson, 


1834 


Stepney, ... Ditto, 






Richard Williams, . . . 


1838 


Agra, . . . Agra, 


Ret. 1859. 


Louis Kiilberer, 


1838 


Wurtemberg, Patna, 


D. 1866. 


Robert Baj^ne, 


1838 


Cupar, ... Calcutta, 


Ret. 1840. 


G. Parsons, 


1839 


Frome, . . . Monghyr, 


D. 1840. 


F. Tucker, 


1839 


Stepney, ...Calcutta, 


Ret. 1841. 


T. Phillips, 


1839 


Ditto, ...'Agra, &c., 


D. 1868. 


W. W. Evans, 


1840 


Hack 1103*, 


Calcutta, 


Ret. 1845. 


G. Small, 


1840 


Bristol, 


Calcutta, &c., 


Ret. 1852. 


John Parsons, 


1840 


Frome, 


Monghyr, 


D. 1869. 


Robert Gibson, 


1841 


Stepney, 


Calcutta, 


D. 1842. 


J. Parry, 


1841 


Barrisal, 


Jessore, 






T. Makepeace, 


1844 




Agra, 


Ret. 1855 


W. H. Denham, ... 


1844 


London, 


Serampore, ... 


D. 18 58 ' 


C. B. Lewis, 


1845 England, 


Calcutta, 


Ret. 187 8 


John Sale, 


1849 


Wokingham,... 


Calcutta, &c , 


B. 18 75 . 


C. F. Supper, 


1851 


Wurtemberg, 


Dacca, 


D. 18 7l . 


J. Trafford, 


1852 


Weymouth, ... 


Serampore, . . . 


Ret, 1879 


J. Jackson, 


1853 




Allahabad, . . . 


D. 1366* 


John Gregson, 


1854 


Beverley, 


Agra, 


Ret. 1872 


William Sampson,... 


1855 


Bristol, ...Serampore, ... 


Ret. 1865 


J. Mackay, .. 1855 Scotland, ...Delhi, 


D. 1857. 


R. Robinson, ... 1856 Agra, 


Dacca, 


Ret. 1869 


E. Dakin, 


1857 


Loughborough, 


Serampore, ... 


B. 1869. 


J. G. Gregson, ... 1858 


London, 


A *^rn 

-^O ci, t . 


Ret. 1869. 


J. Williams, 1859 


Wales, 


Muthra, 


Ret. 1879. 


F. T. Heed, 


1860 


Bristol, 


Sewry, 


Rot. 1879. 


J. Parsons, .. i860 


Meerut, 


Delhi, 


Ditto, 1873. 


R.J.Ellis, ... 1860 


Scotland, ... Jessore, &c ,... 


D. 1877. 


E. C. Johnson, .. 1861 


London, . . . Jessore &c 


Ret. 1870. 


E. Edwards, ... 1862 


Pontypool, . . . 


Monghyr, &c , 


Ditto, 1872. 


J. A. Campagnac, ... ! 1870 


Calcutta, 


Ditto, 


D. 1873. 


H.G. E. St. Dalmas,' 1872 


Wellington, ... 


Ulwar, 


Ret. 1878. 


O. C. Brown, ... 1874 


London, 


Barrisal, 


Ret, 1876. 


J. Mintridge, ... 1874 


Birmingham... 


Jessore, 


D. 1875. 


E.B.Francis, 1874 




Pooua, 


Ret. 


W. S. Miller, 1874 




Benares, 


Ret. 


H. J. Tucker, ... 1875 

! 




Sewry, 


Ret. 



2 6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTOR?. 

John Chamberlain Page. B. at Monghyr, Xov. 28, 1822. 0. at 
Calcutta in Dec. 1843, (having returned from Eng. in 1838 destin- 
ed for the army). Labored at Calcutta, preaching in Hindustani and 
English : then in the 24-Pergunnahs : then stationed at Budge Budge 
preaching from Calcutta to Gunga Sagor : next at Calcutta, teaching, and 
preaching in Bengali, Hindustani and English in the city and suburbs. In 
1848, transferred to Backergunge. His health failing, in Dec. 1859 he 
went to Eng., returning to Barrisal in Feb. 1862. In 1865 went 
to the Australian colonies : was enabled to establish three Missionary 
Societies, and, returning in 1866, to put agents into two districts in Ben- 
gal. Health again failing, he went to Simla in 1867, and to Darjeeling in 
1868. Traveled in Independent Sikkim. Re-visited England to recruit 
his health, and returned in Jan. 1875 : was stationed at Darjeeling, un- 
til 1876, when he retired. 

John Wenger. B. August 31, 1811, in the canton of Berne, Swit- 
zerland. E. for the Swiss National Church. Resided in Greece as a 
private tutor for some years, until 1838 when he went to Eng. Was 
baptized in Feb. 1839. In June, 1839 A. and immediately joined the 
Rev. Dr. Yates in the work of translating the Holy Scriptures. The 
Old Testament was finished in Feb. 1840 : the entire Bible shortly be- 
fore the close of 1845. An improved edition of the entire Bible was 
issued in 1852. A third and carefully revised edition was begun in 1855 
and finally completed in 1861. While this was in press he visited 
Eng. for health. R. in 1862. He next prepared an annotated edition of 
the Bengali Scriptures, and following this, the revision of the text of 1861. 
He also translated the Bible into Sanskrit taking up the work at the 
death of Dr. Yates. The first volume was published in Nov. 1848. The 
second appeared in 1852 : the third, in 1858 : and the fourth, which com- 
pletes the entire work, in 1872. After re-visiting Eng. Rt. early in 1876. 
Died at Calcutta, Aug. 20, 1880. 



CHAPTER III. 
THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THIS Society was organized in September 1795, the Rev. 
Divid Bogue, D. D., of Gosport, taking the leading part in its 
founding. The constitution of the Society is thoroughly catholic, 
being intended to include in its management, support and prac- 
tical working, Christians of all denominations. The chief sup- 
port has always been drawn from the English Congregationalists, 
and of late years increasingly so, as other churches have been 
constrained to institute and support missions of their own. 

The Society sent its first missionary to India in the year 
1798, This was the Rev. N. Forsyth, who came in the first 
instance to Calcutta, but finally settled at Chinsurah, twenty 
miles to the north of that city. He labored at both places but 
chiefly at Chinsurah. He continued alone in the work until 1812, 
when he was joined by the Rev. Robert May, who succeeded him 
at Chinsurah, and was soon deeply engaged in educational efforts. 
He was so successful in this branch of labor that by the end of 
1816 he had under his superintendence as many as thirty schools 
in which near three thousand children received instruction, and 
for which Government gave a monthly grant of Rs. 800. Mr. 
May was soon joined by the Rev. Mr. Pearson from England, and 
by Mr. Harle. The mission at Chinsurah passed in 1849 into the 
hands of the Free Church of Scotland : a printing press which 
was first set up there was afterwards removed to Calcutta and 
subsequently abandoned. 

In the year 1804, the Rev. George Cran and the Rev. 
Augustus Des Granges were appointed to India by the Society, 
and arrived at Madras in March, 1805. They remained here a 
few months engaged in the study of the language, and then pro- 
ceeded to Vizagapatam, the capital of the Northern Circars, where 
they founded a mission which has continued since. They opened 
schools and soon began translating the Scriptures into Telugu, 
in which they were greatly assisted by Anandarayer, a converted 
Brahman from Tranqucbar. Their labors were cut short, how- 



28 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

ever, as Mr. Cran died in 1800, and Mr. Des Granges in 1810. 
Other missionaries had arrived and the work was carried steadily 
forward. No converts were gained until about 1835. In 1837 
a collegiate Institution was founded ; and in 1840 a printing press 
was established. Chicacole WHS occupied as a branch mission 
station in 1844, and in 1852 Viziauagram was added. In 1871 
the three missions had nearly 300 converts. 

The London Society was the first to establish a mission in 
Madras next after that connected with the Christian Knowledge 
Society. In 1805 the Rev. \V. C. Loveless and Dr. Taylor 
arrived from England on their way to Surat. The latter enter- 
ed Government service, and Mr. Loveless was persuaded to 
remain in Madras. His labors were mostly among the English- 
speaking population, He became Master of the Male Asylum, 
which position he held until 1812. For years he did not find 
his way open to labor among the heathen. About 1815 he was 
joined by several missionaries from England, and more active 
operations were commenced. Schools were opened and a church 
formed. In 1852 an educational Institution was founded, which 
is affiliated with the Madras University, and is well attended. 
Out-stations have been formed at Pulicat and Tripassore. 

Missionary work in Tiavancore was commenced by the 
Rev. Mr. Ringeltaube in 1806. He had previously been connec- 
ted with the Christian Knowledge Society and appointed 
to Calcutta : but had suddenly resigned his position and return- 
ed to England. Subsequently, in 180 1, he was sent out 
by the London Society in company with the Rev. Messrs. Cran 
and Des Granges. "\Yhen the latter proceeded to Vizagapatara 
be travelled southwards to the extremity of India. He lab- 
ored in Tinnevelly and along the coast from Tuticorin to Cape 
Comorin. Early in 1806 he sailed from Tranquebar to Tuti- 
corin where he began preaching. He visited a number of places, 
among them Trichinopoly, and baptized many persons. Sub- 
sequently he took up his residence at Maladi, where he erect- 
ed a church. By the year 1810 he had formed six out-stations: 
in this year he baptized 200, and in 1811, 400 persons. 13y 
the end of 1812 there were 677 communicants in all the sta- 
tions of his mission. In the midst of his usefulness, in the year 
1-S15, he suddenly and mysteriously disappeared and was jirvt-r 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



2 9 



heard of again. He was succeeded in 1818 by the Rev. Charles 
Mead who has been called the " Father of the South Travancore 
Mission." The foundation stone of the Nagercoil Chapel, the 
largest in South India, was laid January 1st, 1819. In 1819 
Mr. Mead and his co-laborers established a Theological School 
which has since been sustained mainly through the proceeds of 
a donation of Rs. 5,000 made at that time by the Rfinee of 
Travancore. In a few years the converts had so far multiplied 
that the mission was separated into two divisions, with Nager- 
coil as the head-quarters of the one, and Neyoor of the other. 
At both these places printing presses were set up and sustained 
for many years : but they were eventually merged into one 
which has been active and useful. By 1840 the Christians iu 
the two districts had increased to 15,000, while the schools in. 
them had 7,540 pupils. In 1822 out-stations from Nagercoil 
were formed both at Trevandrum and Quilon. In the latter 
place a printing press was established, but was subsequently giv- 
en up. In the year 1871 there were in connection with the Lon- 
don Society's missions in South Travancore 32,122 Native 
Christians. 

In the year 1810 the Society began its operations at Bel- 
lary, the Rev. John Hands being the first missionary appoint- 
ed there. Under his supervision schools were opened/a church 
was formed, and Tract and Bible Societies organized. In 1818 
the Scriptures were published in Canarese, having been trans- 
lated by Mr. Hands. In 1826 a much-needed press was es- 
tablished at Bellary. It was at this station that the celebrated 
Samuel Flavel, one of the brightest ornaments of the Native 
Church of India, labored for a score of years. He was ordain- 
ed in 1822 at Bangalore, where he laboied as pastor of the 
Native church until 1827, when he was transferred to Bellary. 
He was suddenly removed by cholera in 1847. 

When the Society was organized in 1795, Surat was one 
of the places which it proposed to occupy : and in 1805 two 
missionaries were appointed to this place, but as has been seen, 
did not reach their destination. In 1815 two others, the Rev. 
J. Skinner and the Rev. W. Fyvie were appointed, and en- 
tered upon their work in Suiat at the close of that year. The 
missions of the Society were transferred subsequently to the 



30 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Irij-h Presbyterian Mission, as it was thought that they were 
too greatly isolated from the other Indian missions of the Lon- 
don Society. Surat was thus transferred in 181-6, the other 
stations, in 1859. 

Calcutta was occupied by the Society in the year 1816, 
the first missionaries being the Rev. Henry Townley and the 
Rev. Mr. Keith. They established schools in dlc-utta and 
preached both there and at Howrah. In May, 1820, the founda- 
tion stone of " Union Chapel" in Dhurramtollah street was 
laid. The church was completed in April, 1821. Of the large 
sum expended on it nearly 4,000 were collected in India. 
By 1821 the Society occupied twenty-one stations in and about 
Calcutta : and the missionaries had charge of thirteen schools. 
Ranmkalchoke and contiguous places were occupied in 1826 and 
have been held ever since. In 1837 the educational Institution 
at Bhowanipore was established. It has expanded from year to 
year aud was early affiliated with the Calcutta University. The 
building was erected in 1853, at a cost of 6,800. The Society 
has given no little attention to the subject of female education 
here. 

In August 1820, the Rev. M. T. Adam began the mission 
at Benares, which has continued to the present time. The mis- 
sionaries, many of whom have spent long terms of service in 
this one station, have given themselves to teaching and preach- 
ing. The mission has here a large collegiate Institution besides 
other schools. 

Belgaum in the Canarese country was occupied for the 
Society in the year 1820 by the Rev. Joseph Taylor, who labor- 
ed there more than thirty years. The Rev. W. Beynon was 
(stationed at Belgaum in 1828, and, after many years of labor, 
died there, in 1878. The mission at Bangalore was founded in 
1820 by the Rev. Messrs. Laidler and Forbes. For many years 
but little progress was made and many reverses were experienc- 
ed, but at present the mission is in a flourishing state. One 
fact which may help to account for this is, that the Society 
has kept from changing its agents there. The Rev. Messrs. 
C. Campbell, B. Rice and J. Sewell in their united terms of 
t-oi'vico have labored at Bangalore not less than one hundred 
years. 



L ONDON MISS ION A RY SOC1K T Y. ~ 1 

In the year 1822 the Rev. J. Hands established a mission 
in Cuddapah. Prior to 1848 but few converts were obtained 
but about this time a spirit ofioquiry spread among the villages 
and the progress since has been rapid and encouraging. In 1855 
a new station was formed at Nundial which has become an im- 
portant centre of missionary operations. 

Berhampore in the district of Moorshedabad was occu- 
pied in 1824. The Christian community is chiefly engaged in 
cultivating the soil. 

The mission at Salem was founded in 1827 by the Rev. 
Henry Crisp. The Society has no^v fourteen congregations in 
the district, the chief of which are at Salem and Tripatore. Coim- 
batoor and Combaconum were occupied by the Society in 1830. 
Of late years a large number of converts has been added to the 
missions. 

In 1838 a mission was established at Mirzapore by the 
Rev. Dr. Mather, who continued at the head of the mission 
thirty-five years. It possesses a flourishing educational Insti- 
tution, a large Orphanage, two churches and an extensive press. 
An out-station Was formed in 1863 among the Singrowlee hills 
to the south of Mirzapore. 

The Society has two missions on the hills : one at Al- 
morah, established in 1850 by the Rev. J. H. Buddon : the 
other at Raneekhet, in 1868 by the Rev. J. Kennedy. ]\ >th are 
important stations. The statistics for 1880 are as follows : 
Stations occupied, ... ... 24 

Foreign Ordained Agents, ... 45 

Native do. do. ... ... 30 

Native Christians, ... ...50,098 

Communicants, ... ... 4,632 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ARUMAXAYAGAJI, ARTJLANANDAM. B. at Colachel, South Travancore. 
0, at Neyoor, Jan. 9, 1867. Labored as inspector of village schools in 
Neyoor district from 1 832 to 18G2 : theological class at]N"agercoil, 1861-62 : 
evangelist in the Neyoor district, 1 863-6* : since ordination, as assistant 
missionary at Attur. Ad. Attar, Neyoor district, Travancore. 

ABUMANAYA.GAM, VISCTASAM. 0. Jan. 3, 1867. L. a Handbill on 



~2 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIKXCTOKY. 

"Existence of the Soul." Ad. AnantJtanadangudy, nrrtr Nagercoil^ Tra- 
vancore. 

ASIITOX. JOHX I'EUKIXS. A. in 1859. Was stationed for six years 
at Madras and then transferred to the Bhowanipore Institution, Calcutta. 
Ad. Calcutta. 

BACON, JOHN REDMOND. B. in London, Jan. 13. 1846. (). in Sept. 
1875, A. in Xov. 1875, has since labored at. (Ad.) CuddapaJi, Madras P. 

BL-DDEN, JOHN HENRY. B. Nov. 19, 1813, in Lon. O. June 8, 1841 . 
A. Dec. 3, 184:3. S. Benares, Mirzapore, and, since 1850, Almorah, 
where he commenced the mission. Ad. Almorah. JV.-Jf'./ 5 . 

BVLLOCH, GEORGE MCCALLFM. B. Edinburgh, May 1, 1850. E. West- 
ern Uol. riymouth. 0. at Edinburgh. July 13, 'lS74, A. Oct. 23. 

1874. S. Benares, Xov. 1874 to July, 1876; Raneekhet, July, 1870 
to Dec. 1876; Benares, Dec. 1876 to March 1880, Mirzapore, March 
to Aug. 1880 : .since, Benares. Ad. Benares. 

CHATTERJEE, TARA PERSHAD. B. near Calcutta, in 1834. Em- 
braced Christianity, (was a Kulin Brahmin) in April, 1851. 0. March 20, 
18G1. Became a preacher of the Gospel in 18(30. W. Superintending 
missionary and pastor of the village stations and churches, South of 
Calcutta and in the Soonderbuns Dist. Ad. Kaurapookar, 24 Pergunnakt, 
Bengal. 

COLES, JOSEPH BENJAMIN. B. in Lon. Xov. 22, 1819. O.July 5. 1843. 
A. Dec. '25, 1843. S. Mysore, Bangalore, Bellary. Coimbatore, Madras, 
Bellary. H. from March, 1859 to Jan., 18G2 and March, 187-'Uo May, 

1875. Ad. ilockside, Bellary, Madras P. 

COLEY, HENRY. B. at Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sept. 17, 1849. E. 
at Spring Hill Col. Birmingham. 0. at Birmingham, Oct. 3, 1877. A. 
Jan. 1878. M. Has labored since A. at (Ad.) Almorah, N.-W. P. 

DASS, XANDA LAL. B. (of Hindu parents) Sept. 30,1840, at Barri- 
pore near Calcutta. E. at Bhowanipore. Baptized in Jan. 1857. M. 
July, 1864. 0. in Feb. 1868. Labored as an evangelist at Bhowaniporo, 
with pastoral "work and teaching in the Engl. List. Since 1868 has labor- 
ed at (Ad.) Berhampore, Bengal. 

DATTD, C. O. 1865. Ad Mh-znpore* N.-W. P. 

DAVID, A. 0. 1867. Ad. Coimbatore, Madras P. 

DEVALAM, AXBUBIAX. Ad. Trevandrum, Travancore. 

DUTUIE, JAMES. B. Stonehaven, Scotland, Xov. 2, 1833. 0. Jan 31, 
1856. A. March 15, 1856. S. L. M. S. List. Madras, three and-a-half 
years; Prin. Seminary, L. M. S., Travancore, from Xov. 1859 to pres- 
ent. L. Homiletics (Tamil) out of print; Editorial work in connection 
with Tamil Magazines, Tracts, &c. H. 1869-1871, and 1875 to 187G. 
Ad. Nagercoil, Truvancore. 

DCTT, KASHI XATH. 0. in 1861, at Calcutta, where he labored until 
1866, when he was transferred to (Ad.) Benares. 

EMLYX, JAMES. A. in 1867. Ad. Parci/chaley, Travancore. 

ELKTCHER, WILLIAM. A. 1865. Ad. Pareychalc;/, Travancore. . 

GOFFIX, H. J. A. in 1876. Ad. Vizianuyram, Madras P. 

HACKER, ISAAC HE.XKY. B. Birmingham, July, 1847. 0. Carrs Lane 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 33 

Birmingham, Oct. 3, 1877. A. Dec. 17, 1877. S. Neyoor. M. Ad. Ney* 
oor t Travancore. 

HAINBS, THOMAS. A. 1870, Ad. Bellary, Madras P. 

HAWKER, JOHN GILES. B. Boyn Hill, Berkshire, Aug. 21, 183<K 
O. Congregational church, Maidenhead, July 6, 1865. A. Dec. 18, 1865. 
6. Bellary, as itinerant missionary and pastor of the Native Church, 
1871 ; since, Belgaum, principally in the Anglo.-Ver. School. H. from 
1875-77. 11. Nov. 24, 1877. Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P. 

HAT, JOHN. B. April 23, 1812, at Stuartfield, near Aberdeen, Scot- 
land. Entered Marischal Col. in Nov. 1829, and graduated with M. A. in 
1833. Was engaged for a time in private teaching. Afterwards offered 
himself to the L. M. S. and was sent to Turrey, Bedfordshire, where he 
read theology for two years with the llev. M. Cecil. 0. in Aug. 1839, 
A. in Jan. 1840 ; was stationed at Vizagapatam, and took charge of th 
Engl. school. Private affairs called him to Eng. R in 1844, after an 
absence of eighteen months. He continued his educational work and 
afterwards engaged in that of translating the Scriptures into Telugu. 
Proceeded to Eng. in 1860 : while at home prepared a new translation of 
Genesis and Deuteronomy. On returning to India in 1863 revised and 
published (in connection with Dr. Wardlaw) the Pentateuch and other 
portions of the 0. T., also the first part of ' Pilgrim's Progress," besides 
a few tracts iu Engl. and Telugu. In the beginning of 1869 was called 
home on account of his wife's illness. Was again engaged in the work 
of Scripture translation and 11. in March, 1872. He again took charge 
of the Engl. school at Vizagapatam and of the Engl. congregation, continu- 
ing his literary labors. Has since labored here, with these and other du- 
ties. Has been the Convenor of the Telugu Scripture Revision Committee, 
and has had much to do with the Telugu translation of the Bible. Ad. 
Vizagapatam, Madras P. 

HEWLETT, JOHN. B. June 11, 1836, at Keynsham. Somerset. 0. in 
July, 1861, at Swansea A. Dec. 14, 1861. S Benares, Almorah, Benares, 
Mirzapore. AVork both Engl. and Ver. H. 1869-70, and 1878-81. Has 
translated into Urdu Augustine's " Confessions" : obtainable at the Mir- 
zapore Press. Ad. Benares. 

HILL, SAMUEL JOHN. A. in 1852. Labored at Calcutta until 1854 : 
since, at Berhamporo. Ad. Berhampore, Bengal. 

HUTCHISON, HENRY ALEXANDER. B. in Glasgow, April 17, 1848. 
Studied medicine two years, and then prepared for the ministry. 0. in 
1874 by the Presbytery of Glasgow and joined the L. M. S. : A. Dec. 21 
1874, and was appointed to Coimbatoor, as itinerating missionary. Ad. 
Coimbatoor. Madras P. 

HUTTON, DAVID. A. 1865, Ad. Mirzapore, N.-W. P. 

INSELL, THOMAS. B. Stratton, Eng. O. iu Lon. June 23, 1873. 
A. Dec. 20,1873. Ad. Mirzapore, N.-W. P. 

JAGANADHAM, PULIPAKA. Entered the Engl. school at Vizagapatam 
about 1840. Renounced Hinduism, and was baptized April 28, 1847: 
O. at Vizagapatam in 1858. Shortly afterwards was transferred to Chica- 
cole Has labored at Chicacole and (Ad.) Vizagapatam, Madras P. 

5 



34 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

JOHNSON, WILLIAM. A. in 1858. Has labored in connection with the 
Bhowanipore Inst. and Hastings church. Ad Calcutta. 

JOSHUA, J. 0. 1867. Ad. Xagercoil, Travancore. 

Joss, WALTER. A in 1869. S. Coimbatoor until 187G, when ho 
was trans, to L M. S. Inst. at Madras, Ad. Madras. 

KAMALAM, J. 0. 1867, A. Pareychaley, Madras P. 

LAMBERT, J. A. A. 1865, Ad. Benares. 

LEE, WILLIAM. B. Piverton, Devonshire, Eng. May 29, 1841. O. 
Union Chapel Islington. Lon. July 6. 1864. A. Dec. 28, 1864. S. Nag- 
ercoil, 1865-68. Trevandrum, 1868: Neyoor, 1872. H. from 1875 to 1877. 
W. Supt. of Press, Editor of " South Travancore Christian Messenger 
(Tamil.) Ad. Nagercoil, Travancore. 

LKMARE, EBENEZEK. B Manchester, Oct. 5, 1848 E. Owens and 
Lancashire Independent Colleges. O. at Manchester, Oct. 2, 1873. A. 
Dec. 4, 1873. M. Nov. 24, 1875. S. Bellary, 1873-77; Belgaum, 1877- 
80; since, at Salem W. Engl. and ver : mainly educational : L. a lecture 
for educated natives entitled " John Stuart Mill. His attitude towards 
Religion :" Addison and Co., Madras. Ad. Sa/em, Madras P. 

LEWIS, EDWIN. A. 1865 Ad. Bellary, Madras P. 

MASILLAMANI, CHRISTIAN. B. in Sept 1833. at Mylandy, Travan- 
core. E. in Nagercoil Seminary. Labored from 1857 as an evangelist. O. 
Feb. 13, 1866 as pastor at Dennispnram, where he has since labored. L. 
a number of Tamil poems, handbills and lyrics ; published at Nagercoil 
and Madras. Ad. Dennispuram, Nagercoil, Travancore. 

MASON, G. 0. 1864. Ad. Citddapah, Madras P. 

MATEER, SAMUEL. O. Aug. 10, 1858. A. Feb. 24, 1859. S. Parov- 
chaley, 1859-63, Trevandrum 1863 to present H. from March 1868 to 
Jan. 1, 1872. L. " Land of Charity" a descriptive account of Travancore 
and its people (republished in America); Lessons in Botany and Sketches 
of Sermons, (Tamil); ''Fifty-two Sketches of sermons ;'' " A tract for 
prisoners." " a tract for coolies on coffee Estates," " Medical Hints for 
the Poor," (Malayalam). Editor of Malayalam Christian Lyrics and Hymn- 
Book, Editor of " Balar Deepam" (magazine for children) and other 
school books and tracts. Ad. Travandrum, Travancore. 

MOOTHOO, C. Converted about 1855, while a pupil in the L. M. S. 
Inst., Madras, where he was E. for the ministry. 0. July 6, 1875. In 
charge of the Native Church at (Ad.) Salem, Madras P. 

NEWPORT. GEORGE OLIVER. B. at Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire, 
March 2, 1840. E. at Cheshunt College. 0. July 30. 1862. M. : A. Dec. 
24, 1862. S. Pareychaley, 1863-67 : Nagercoil, 1869-71, and 1873-76; 
Salem. 1876-79, since, Madras. Work, both Engl. and Ver. Has edited 
some Tamil periodicals and contributed to Tamil magazines. H. from 
July, Ib71 to Dec. 1873. Ad. Madras. 

NTANABRANAM, M. O. 1867. Ad. Neyoor, Travancore. 

PAYNE, JAMES EDWARD. B. March 18, 1835, at the Lower Venn, 
Avenbury, Herefordshire. 0. at Bedford, Eng., Aug. 22, 1860. A. 
Dec. 20, 1860. Appointed to Bhowanipore. H. from Jan. 1869, to 
Dec. 1870. M. June 2, 1870. Work mainly ver ; Bengali preaching, 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



35 



teaching, and editing Bengal Christian Literature for Tract and Bible 
(Society. Ad. Bhowanipore, Calcutta, 

PARTHASARADY, C. 0. 1867. Ad. Madras. 

PAUL, J. B. in 1840. E in the Bangalore Seminary. 0. in 1871, 
as pastor of the Canarese Church at (Ad.) Bangalore. 

PEERAJEE, PAUL. B at Belgaum, in 1830. E in Bangalore Semi- 
nary. O at Belgaum in 18G2. Subsequently removed to Bangalore as 
pastor of the Tamil Church. Ad., Bengal. 

PHILLIPS, E. A. A. 1878. Ad. lianee Khet, N.- W. P. 
PHILLIPS, MAURICE. B. April 11, 1838, in the parish of Llanboidy, 
South Wales. O. at Narbeth, South AVales, in Aug. 1861. A. in Mad- 
ras, Jan. 4, 1862. M. : Commenced the mission station at Tripatoor and 
continued there until March, 1873. II. to Mar. 1875. Had also charge 
of the Salem station from 1869 to 1873. lit. in March, 1875, and was 
appointed to Salem. W. Yer. Ad., Salem, Madras P. 

PHILLIPS, WILLIAM BENJAMIN. B. Manchester, Sept. 8, 1848. 0. 
Sept. 1875. A. Nov. 28, 1875. Ad. Berhampore, Bengal. 

HICE, BENJAMIN. B. in Lon. May 28. 1814. E. at Homerton 
Col. 0. in London, July 27, 1836. A'.at Madras, Dec. 29, 1836. S. 
Bangalore, from that time to the present ; H. but once, from Feb- 
1853 to Sept. 185G. M. Has been engaged in all branches of missionary 
work. Was one of the Revisors of the present Canarese version of 
the Bible ; and is the author or translator of a number of Canarese and 
English Tracts, School books, and works for the benefic of Native Christ 
ians. published by the Bangalore Tract and Book Society : of which 
Society, and of the Bangalore Bible Society, he is Secretary. Is a)so 
Secretary of the South India District Committee of the L. M. S. Ad, 
No. 1 Mission Road, Bangalore. 

RICE, EmvAPvD PETER. B. at Bangalore, April 2C, 1849. Entered 
Cheslmnt College. Sept. 1868. Graduated with B. A , Lon. Univ. 1873. 
O. in Lon. Nov. 4, 1873. Reached Madras. Dec. 13. 1873. Appoint- 
ed to Bangalore : engaged in the itinerating and evangelistic department. 
During 1877-8 in charge of English Institution, in 1879 rr turned to itin- 
erating work, L : A pamphlet in Engl. for educated Hindus, entitled : 
" Jesus Christ, His Life, Character and Claims": Ad. Bangalore. 

ROBINSON, WILLIAM. B. Sheffield, Aug. 1, 1852. E. Rotherham, 
Col. 0. Queen St. Chapel Sheffield, Sept. 10, 1877. S. Vizagapatam, 
one year; Coinibatore, 1879-80. Tripatore, July, 1880. M. March 25, 
1 880. W. Tor. Ad. Tripatore, Madras P. 

ROTTI, JOHN MAHANTAPPA. B. Hubli. 1833. 0. June 19, 1868. S. 
Belgaum. W. Pastoral, School and Preaching Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P. 

RUNGANATHAM, C. O. 1874. Ad. Madran. 

SHIDDALINGAPPA, PAUL. B. in 1835, at Byl Hougal. Called to the 
ministry in 1855: O. in 1868. Native pastor at (Ad.) Belgaum, Bombay P. 

SLATER, THOMAS EBENEZKR. Son of the late Rev. W. Slater: B. 
at Chesham, Bucks, April 10, 1840. Was ordained and married in 
Aug, 1866, and A. at Calcutta in Dec of the same year. Was con- 
nected with the Bhowanipore Institution till May, 1 870, when he wat> 



36 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

obliged to leave I. on account of domestic affliction. R. at the end of 1871, 
and took charge of the Engl. Inst. at Madras. At the beginning of 1875 
was relieved of his work in the Inst., and has since been laboring among 
the educated Natives of Madras, Is the author of an English tract, 
" God in Christ," and two lectures on ' The Bible" both written for 
educated Hindus published by the Bangalore Tract and Book Society : 
an annotatated edition of Bushneirs " Character of Jesus," published by 
the C. V. E. S., Madras : and '' Sunday afternoon Addresses to educated 
Hindus:" H. 1879. 

SMITH, JAMES. B. at Bicestor, Oxfordshire. Dec. 6, 1839 Called to 
the ministry in 1861. 0. in July, 1866, M. in 1866. A. Dec, 1866. Has. 
labored since at Belgaum. Work principally educational, Jn Engl : some 
ver. H. April, 1877-79. Ad. Belgaum, Bombay 1*. 

STEPHENSON, W. W. B. Aug. 26, 1848. 0. Nov. 7, 1876. A. 1 87G 
Ad. A/undial, Madras P. 

TAYLOR, JOSEPH FIELD. A. 1878. Ad. Calcutta. 

THOMAS, MORRIS. A. 1878. Ad Vizayapatam, Madras P- 

THOMSON, THOMAS SMITH. (L. 11. C P. Ed. ; L. M. L 11. C. S. Ed.) 
B. Dec. 28, 1844, at Edinburgh M. Nov. 12, 1872, Was engaged as 
resident physician in the Medical Mission Inst. at Edinburgh before com- 
ing to I. A. Jan. 4, 1873. Has since been engaged as medical missionary 
at Neyoor. Work both Engl. and ver. Ad Neyoor, Travancore. 

UNMETTTDIAN, V. O. 1867. Ad. Coimbatoor, Madras P. 

WALTON, JOHN HEWENS. B. at Woolwich. Kent, June 17,1841. 
Studied for the ministry, three years at Western Col., Plymouth 
and one year at the Missionary Inst , Highgate, Lon. 0. Dec. 12, 1866., 
A. at Madras, Jan. 24, 1867. Appointed to Bangalore to take 
charge of the Anglo- Yer. schools. M. Dec. 28, 1867. Ad. Bangalore. 

WILKINS, WILLIAM JOSEPH. A. 1866 Ad. Calcutta. 

WILKINSON, FREDERICK. B. Nov. 1, 1832, in the Island of Trini- 
dad, West Indies. Studied for the ministry at the Theol. Sem., Bedford, 
where he was 0. and appointed to India Sept. 16, 1859. A. January, 
1860 and was appointed to James Town, Travancore. M. in July, 1861. 
Was transferred in 1862 to Santhapuram. In 1866 removed to Quilon. 
H. 1872, R. to Quilon in Dec 1873; Madras in Dec, 1876. H. to Kng. 
R. March, 1881. Ad. Trnandrum, Travancore. 

WILLIAM, M. Ad. Nundial, Madras P. 

YESUDIAN, C. Ad. Tiltuvilei, Travancore. 

ZECHAUIAH, SAMUKI* B. June 21, 1823, near Colachel, South 
Travancore. E. at L M. Seminary, Nagercoil. 0. Feb. 13, 1866 at 
Nagercoil : has since labored as pastor of Neyoor Church. L. a Pamphlet 
in Tamil, "The Pioneer Missionary work of the Rev. Charles Mead." 
Ad. Neyoor, Travancore. 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 37 

DECEASED AKD RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Nathanael Forsyth B. 1769 Sailed May, 1793. A at Calcutta, 
Dec 1798 S. Chinsurah D. in Calcutta, in May, 1816. 

William Tobias llingeltaube. After joining the L. M. S., sailed 
from Copenhagen, Apr. 20, 1804. A. at Tranquebar, Dec. 5, 1804. 
S Palamcottah, 1804-9, Oodagherry, 1809-12, Mayilady, 1812-16. In 
1816, on account of ill health left Travancore, when his connection with 
the Society ceased. 

George Cran. A. Dec. 5, 1804. In July, 1805, in company with 
Mr. Des Granges proceeded to Yizagapatnm where they founded a mis. 
sion. D. t Chicacole, Jan. 6. 1809. 

Augustus Des Granges. 13. 1780. A. Dec. 5, 1804, and with pre- 
ceeding went to Yizagapatam in 1805. D. at V. July 12. 1810. 

William. Charles Loveless. Arrived in India, June 24, 1805. 
Was appointed to Surat but landing at Madras, he proceeded no further. 
He became Master of the Male Asylum which position he held iintil 1812. 
In addition he preached to the English and other residents, and labored 
most earnestly in the face of strong opposition, llesigned, June 4. 1824. 

John Taylor, M. D. 0. Oct. 19, 1804. A. at Madras, June 24, 
1805. Afterwards, accepting a Government post, his connection with 
the Society ceased. D. in Dec. 1821, at Shiraz, Persia. 

John Gordon. Arrived in India Sept. 9, 1809. Labored at Yiza- 
gapatam ; and at Madras, where he died January 16, 1828. 

William Lee. Arrived in India, Dec. 11, 1809. Labored at Yiza- 
gapatam, and Ganjam. His health failing, he was obliged to return to 
England in 1817. Died. 

John Hands. B. Dec 5, 1780. Arrived in India in 1810. Labor- 
ed chiefly at Bellary : for some years also at Bangalore. Was one of the 
translators of the first version of the Canarese Bible. Eet. 1842. D. at 
Dublin, June 30, 1864. 

Jonathan Couch Brain. 0. Jan. 26, 1809. A. at Madras Feb. 
5, 1810, at Rangoon, Mar. 23, 1810. D. at Rangoon, July 2, 1810. 

Edward Prichett. B. 1772, at Birmingham. 0. Jan. 26, 1809.. 
A. at Rangoon, Mar 23, 1810. On account of war removed to Calcutta, 
Jan. 1811. S. Yizagapatam and Madras. D. at Y. June 12, 1820. 

John Thompson. A. at Madras Mar. 22, 1812. Ordered by Go- 
vernment to leave I., V.ut before the order could be carried out, he D. 
at Madras, June 25, 1812. 

Robert May. B. 1788. A. at Calcutta, Aug. 11, 1812. Succeed- 
ed Mr. Forsyth at Chinsnrah in Feb. 1813. D. at Calcutta, Aug. 1818. 

William Fyvie. B. Sept. 15, 1788, at Methla, Aberdeenshire. 
0. Dec. 28, 1814. A. at Bombay Aug. 9, 1815 and proceeded to 
Surat, where be labored many years. In Jan. 1847 on the relinqnish- 
ment of the Surat mission, Ret. to St. Helier, Jersey, where he D. 
in Feb. 1863. 

James Skinner. O. and A. with Mr. Fyvie. Labored at Surat 
and D. there Oct 30, 1821. 



38 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRKCTORY. 

James T);nvson. 0. Dec 28,1814. A. at Madras, Sept. 4, 1815. 
Labored at Yizagapatam, where he D. Aug. 14 1832. 

Richard Knill. B. April 14. 1787, at Braunton, Devon. 0. at 
Leeds, Oct. G. 1815. A. Aug. 26, 181G. S. M-dras and Xagercoil. 
H. to Eng. June 12, 1819. In 1820 was appointed to pastorate of n 
Engl. church t St. Petersburg, where he labored until Aug. 1833, 
when he R., to Lon. For eiglit years was engaged in deputation 
work ; from 1842-47 was pastor at "\Yotton-under-Edge; in 1M> >ecamo 
pastor at Chester. D. at Chester, Jan. 2, 1857. (Vide " Life" by 

C. M. Bin-ell: Xisbet & Co. I860.) 

AYilliain Reeve. 13. 1794. O. Feb. 7, 1816. A. at Madras Aug. 26, 
1816, and at Bellary, Sept, 27. II. to Eng. Sept. 18, 1824.IU. July 17, 
\827. 8. Bellary and Bangalore. Assisted in revision of Canarese Bible. 
Compiled two Canarese English Dictionaries H. to Eng. Feb. 17,1834. 
Connection with Society ceased, Nov. 23. 1835 Date of death unknown. 

Samuel Render. " B. 1787. 0. Feb. 21, 1816. A. at Madras 
Aug. 26. 1816. Connection with Society ceased June 22, 1818. 

Charles Mead. B. at Bristol Oct. 1, 1792. 0. Mar. 6, 181 G. 
A. Aug. 26, 1816. S. Madras, 1816-17. Xagercoil, Jan. 1818 to May, 
1825, when he removed to Combaconum on account of his health and 
commenced a new station there. 11. to Travancore in 1827. lived one 
year at Mandeycadoo, and removed to Xeyoor in 1828. H. to Eng. 
Dec. 5, 1836 to April 5, 1838, when he 11. to Xeyoor. Connection with 
the Society dissolved in Dec. 1851, D. at Trevandrum, June 19,1873. 
(Vide " The Pioneer Mission work of the Rev. Charles Mead" by the 
Rev. S. Zechariah, L. M. S Press, Xagercoil.) 

Henry Townley. 0. Feb. 7, 1816. A. at Calcutta, Sept. 7, 
1816, and with Mr. Keith commenced a station there. Removed to 
Chinsurah in Feb, 1821. On account of wife's ill health R. to Eng. 
Dec. 1, 1822. D. Mag. 9, 1861. 

James Keith. 0. A. and labored at Calcutta with Mr. Townley 

D. there, Oct. 6, 1822. 

John David Pearson. B. in Lon. 1788. 0. Aug. 29, 1816. 
A. Mar. 6, 1817. S. Chinsurah. II. to Eng. Apr. 8, 1824. Rt. June 
20, 1826. D. at Calcutta. Xov. 8, 1831. 

John Donaldson. B. 1793. 0. Aug. 27, 1816. A. Aug. IS17. 
S. Surat, I), at Bombay, Mar. 25, 1818. 

John HarV. A European, engaged, in 1817, as an assistant at 
Chinsurah. In 1820, removed to Tall} gunge. Ret. 1821. 

Cornelius Traveller. B. 1791. A. at Madras, in Jan. 1819. Rot, 
Sept, 29, 1823. R. to Europe and settled in Jersey. 

John Hampson. B. 1793. A. Feb. 8, 1819. S. Camilla, wlu-iv 
he D. Aug. 29, 1819. 

Samuel Trawin. B. 1794. A. at Calcutta, Feb. 8. 1819. Form- 
ed the station at Kidderpore, in 1822. D. at Berhampore, Aug. 3, 1827. 

George H. Ashtun. 15. in India. Was engaged as an assistant 
in 1819 in Travancore. S. Quilon, Xeyoor and rareychaley. In 18GO, 
Kel and went to ix-sidt- at (>uilon. 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 39 

Charles Mault. B May 1, 1791. 0. Oct. 24, 1S18, A. at 
Bombay, May 18, 1819, at Nagercoil Dec. 11, 1819. In 1827 was 
appointed in charge of East Travancore Health failing, 11. to Eng. in 
1855, Hot. to Stoke, where he D. Oct. 17, 1858. 

George Gogerley. 13. in London. Nov. 10, 1794. A. Sept. 13, 
1819. S. Calcutta O, June 2, 1828. II to Eng. 1835, lit Jan. 19, 
1839. Ret. Nov. 1841 D. in London, Feb 11, 1877. L. "The Pioneers 
of the Bengal Mission". London: Snow and Co. 1871. 

Joseph Taylor. B in India, i790. 0., at Madras May. 1819. In 
Sept. 1820 commenced a new station at Belgaum where he labored many 
years. 11. 1855, and removed to Bombay where he D. Nov. 19. 1859. 

Thomas Nicholson. B. 1795. 0. Mar. 31, 1819. A at Madras Sept. 
16,1819. D. there Aug. 2, 1822. 

Matthew Thomson Adam E. at Gosport. 0. Oct. 9, 1819. A. early 
in 1820. M. Aug. 1820 went to Benares and commenced the mission 
there. On account of ill health It. to Eng. in 1830. His connection 
with the Society subsequently ceased. 

Andrew Forbes. B. 1792. 0. Aug. 18, 1819. A. at Madras Feb. 
16, 1820, and at Bangalore in April 1820, where, in connection with Mr. 
Laidler, he commenced the mission. Het. 1821. 

Stephen Laidler. B. Oct. 12, 1789, at Wooler, Northumberland. 
O. Aug. 18. 1819. A. Feb. 16, 1820. S Bangalore. On account of wife's 
ill health 11. to Eng. in 1827. Hot. Sept. 24, 1827. D. Oct. 25, 1873. 

George Mundy. A. at Chinsurah in 5larch, 1820. in Nov. 1825. 
H. to Eng. in 1829. lit Nov. 7, 1832. S. Kiddeqx>re, Chinsurah. 
H to Eng. in 1844. Ut. to Calcutta in 1849. D. there Aug. 23, 1853. 
L. " Christianity and Hinduism contrasted," 2 vols., Serampore, 183 i. 

John Smith. B. 1790. 0. Aug. 18, 1819. A. Feb. 16, 1820 Com- 
menced a station at Quilon, March 6, 1821. H to Eug. 1824, when 
he llet. D. 1824. 

Edward Hay. In 1820, was received in Calcutta as an Assistant. 
H. to England where he was 0. March 15, 1825. A. Oct. 3. 1825, 
S. Berbampore, Calcutta, Kidderpore. On account of his wife's ill health 
11. to Eng. in 1831. His connection with the Society ceased in 1832. 
He afterwards setted at Twickenhem. 

Hiram Chambers. B. 1792. Aug. 2. 1820. A. March 20, 1821, 

S. Bellary 1823; Bangalore 1825. Being unable to bear the climate of 

India, he embarked for Eng. Jan 0, 1826. On the following day Jan. 7, D. 

AVilliam Hugh Bankhead. B. 1799. E at Hackney College 0. 

Dec. 14, 1820. A. Aug. 16, 1821, at Calcutta, where he D Nov. 7, 1822. 

Micaiah Hill. B. at Walsall. July 18, 1821. A. at Calcutta, 
March 5. 1822. Became editor of the ^Asiatic Observer." In 1824 
removed to Berhampore, and commenced that station. H to Eng. Dec. 
25. 1-838. lit. to Berhampore Oct. 1842. In Jan. 1847 removed to Cal- 
cutta Early in 1849 set out for Benares for the benefit of his health, 
but D. Feb 3, in a boat on the Ganges, a few miles from Benares. 

James Hill. B. May 17, 1795 at Stafford. 0. July 18, 1821. A. at 
Calcutta, March 5 1822. 11. to Eng. Dec. 9,1833. Kct. Dec. 25, 1834. 
D. Jan. 12, 1870. 



40 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Joseph Bradley Warden. B. 1799. O July 18, 1821. A. at Cal- 
cutta, March 5, 1822, where he D. Jan. 8, 1826. 

Samuel Flavel. An earnest Xative preacher. Joined the mission 
at Bangalore in 1821. in 1822. Was appointed to Bellary, in 1827, 
where he labored until his death, in 1847. 

Alexander Fyvie. O. Sept 28, 1821. A. at Bombay, April 26, 

1822. at Surat, May 13. R. to Eng. Oct. 15, 1832. lit. to Surat Dec. 
23, 1835, where he D. June 10, 1840 

William Howell. B. in I. Nov. 1790. Engaged about 1821 , as 
assistant at Bellary. llemoved to Cuddapah, in 1822, and commenced 
that station Sept. 29, 1824. at Madras Hot. in Sept. 1841. 

Edmund Crisp. B. June 26, 1799, at Hertford. 0. Oct. 3, 1821. 
A. March 26, 1822. S. Madras 1822-29, Combaconum, 1829-35. H. 
from Madras to Eng. Feb. 15, 1837. ttt Sept 1840. S. Bangalore, in 
charge of Training Institution. H to Eng. 1848, soon after Ret. D. Lon- 
don, Nov. 6, 1877. 

Thomas Brown A. at Calcutta May 24, 1822. Was directed to pro- 
ceed to Bellary. to carry .on printing there. Died on his passage, between 
Calcutta and Madras. 

William Crow. B. about 1797, 0. July 11, 1822, A. July 12 

1823. S. Quilon H. to Eng. March 29, 1826. His connection with the, 
Society eventually ceased and he entered the pastorate. D Nov. 27, 1872. 

John Emanuel Nimmo, B in I. In 1823, engaged" as assistant in 
Madras. In 1831, removed to Chittoor, in June, 1833 to Combaconun. 
O. at Madras, March 1, 1837, Removed to Tripassore in Jan. 1852, 
Ret. June 8, 1857. 

James William Massie. B. Nov. 11, 1798, at Glasgow. 0. July 
11,1822. A. at Madras, June 21, 1823. R. to Eng. in 1827, Ret, 
Sept. 24, 1827. Afterwards became pastor at Dunfermline. 

William Campbell. B. 1799. 0. Aug. 13, 1823. A. June 27, 

1824. S. Bangalore. H. Dec. 1835. After being engaged for a time in 
deputation work Ret. D. at London in 1878 L. ' British India," London: 
Snow. 1839. 

William Taylor. 0. Aug. 1823. A. at Madras, May 22, 1824. 
In 1827 took charge of Pursewakam. Ret. Nov. 14, 1834. 

George Walton. B. in I. E at Bellary Engaged in 1824 as 
assistant missionary. Accepted as a missionary Oct 10,1831. S. Bellary. 
and Salem. 0. at Bangalore, Dec 23, 1832. D. at Salem, June 9, 1841. 

John Edmonds. B at Poole, 1798. 0. Poole, March 17 1824. A. 
Nov. 11, 1824. S. Chinsurah. His wife's health failing he R. to Eng. 
Sept. 23, 1826, after which he Ret. and took a Pastorate at Shelton, Staf- 
fordshire. D. March 21, 1858, at St. Helen's, Lancashire. 

Thomas Salmon. B 1800 at Thetford. A. at Surat. Oct. 30, 1825. 
H. to Eng. in 1833, after which he Ret. 

Charles Piffard. B. 1798 at Pentonville, Lon. 0. May 2,1825. A. 
at Calcutta, Oct. 3, 1825. S. Kidderpore. On account of wife's ill health 
R. to Eng. May 3, 1830. Rfc. in March 1831. R. to Eng. May 18, 1833. 
Rt. Dec. 10, 1834. and labored at Calcutta, where he D. Dec. 11, 1840. 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOGIMTJT. 41 

William Beynon. B. May 17, 18U1, at Cuerinarthcn. 0. March, 
31, 1825. A. Sept. 14, 1825. 8. Bellary, 1825-28. Belgaum. 1828-70 
when he Ret. to Eng. lit. for residence, Nov. 1871. D. at Belgaum, 
Feb. 5, 1878. 

Adam Lillie. B. Calton, Glasgow, June 18, 1803. O. at London, 
March 28, 1826. A. at Madras, Sept. 11, at Belgaura. Nov. 19, 1826. 
Soon afterwards serious illness compelled him to H. to Eug. Soon after 
his return his connection with the Society ceased. 

Bennington Haill Paine B 1805, at Ipswich. Appointed as a 
Printer to Bellary. A. Sept. 11, 1826. In 1831 began to assist in 
vernacular work. 11. to Eng in 1839. lit. Dec. 8, 1841. Labored at 
Bellary until his death, March G, 1842. 

Isaac David. Born at Tan.jore about 1794. His parents were staunch 
Papists. 0. at Bangalore in 1826. Labored at ISalein, Trichinopoly, 
Bangalore, Madras and other places : was the means through God of 
numerous conversions. Of his twelve children, two of his sons were 
ministers, and all his daughters but one married clergymen of various 
Societies. He died at Madras, while actively engaged, April 15, 1802. 
Native Christians of all denominations, throughout Southern India, in 
token of their esteem and love for him, erected a monument over his gra- e. 
.James Robertson. B. in 1799. 0. June 14, 1826. A. Nov. 

1826. S. Benares, where he D June 15, 1833. 

Alphonse F. Lacroix. B. May 10, 1799, at Lignicres, Swit/erland. 
0. Aug. 11,1820. Appointed to Chinsurah by the Netherlands Miss'y 
Soo'jj; A. Mar. 21, 1821. Joined the L. M. S. Mar. 1. 1827. Labored at 
Chinsurah until April, 1829, when he removed to Calcutta. 11 to Eng. 
in Dec. 1841. lit. Jan. 9, 1844. Devoted himself chiefly to Ver. 
preaching and itinerating. Was invited to II. to Eng. in 1856 bv the 
Society but declined Health failing he visited North India and 11. 
to Calcutta, where he D. July 8, 1859. (See "Memorials," i>y Joseph 
Mullens,i) D Lon. : Nisbet and Co. 1862.) 

James Chnrles Thompson. B Jan. 23, 1804. O. Feb. 27, 1827. 
A. Aug. 5, 1827.S.Quilon H. 1844-46. D. at Quilou. May 18, 1850. 

William Miller. B. Dec. 1, 1804. O. Feb. 8, 1827. A Aug. 5, 

1827. S. Ni.gercoil and Quilon H. to the Cape, 1834-6. Ret. to Nag- 
ercoil in 1836 and D. there April 24, 1838. 

William Bawn Addis. B. Sept. 17, 1800, near Bristol. A. Aug. 
5, 1827. Aug. 13, 1828 In 1830 commenced a station at Cohn- 
batoor. Ret. in 1861 through failure of health to Coonoor, where he D. 
Feb. 18, 1871. 

Henry Crisp. B. July 14, 1803, at Hertford. 0. Mar. 20, 1827. 
A. at Madras July 17, 1827. Commenced the Mission at Salem, Oct. 
25, 1827. D. Oct. 28, 1831. 

Robert Jennings. B. Feb. 22, 1797. 0. April 4, 1827. A. Mad- 
ras, July 17, and at Chittoor (where he was the first resident mission- 
ary) Aug. 4:1827, D. at Chittoor, June 1, 1831. 

John Smith. B. 1801, at New Windsor. Designated April 3, 1828. 
A. at Madras Aug. 20, 1828. H, to Eng. Sept. 17, 1839. lit, to 



42 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Madras Sept. 22, 1842. In March, 1843 went to Vizagapatam : em- 
barked May 15 in the " Favourite" to return to Madras and is supposed 
to have been lost at sea with the vessel and all on board. L. " A Mis- 
sionary's Appeal on behalf of Southern India," 1841. 

John Adam. B. May 20, 1803 ih Lon. 0. Mar. 26, 1828. A. 
Bept. 4. 1828. S. Calcutta. D. at Kidderpore, April 21, 1831. 

John Held. B. June 17, 1806, at Soho, Lon. 0. Aug. 18, 1829. 
A. at Madras Jan. 25, 1830, and at Bellary, March 1, D. at Bellary, 
Jan. 8, 1841. (See " Memoir" by R. Wardlaw, D. D., Glasgow : Made- 
hose, 1845). 

George Christie B. Xew Mills. Bauffshire, July, 1802. 0. J*n. 
13, 1830. A. Oct. 24, 1830. S. Calcutta. Being unable to bear the 
climate, he proceeded to Cape Town in 1832. He afterwards laboured 
in South Africa, D. at Cape Town, Nov. 24, 1870. 

Thomas Kilpin Higgs. B. Dorchester, Sept. 1803. 0. Newport 
Pagnell, June 10, 1830. A. at Calcutta, Oct. 24 ; and at Chinsurah, 
Nov. 8, 1830. D. at Calcutta, Dec. 3, 1832. 

William Harris. B. 1805 at Glasgow. 0. Sept. 8, 1830. A. 
May 30, 1831. H. to Eng. Oct. 1832. D. Portsmouth, April 28, to 1833. 
' William Buyers. B Dundee, 1804,0. Woolwich, Feb. 16, 1831. 
A. Oct. 9, 1831. S Benares. H. March 13, 1841 to 1843. Again 
H. 1845. II . to Benares at his own expense. In Feb. 1859 he remov- 
ed to Almorah and labored there till 1861. In 1863 resigned his con- 
nection with the Society. L. " Letters on India." " Recollections of 
Northern India." Lon. Snow. 

John Bilderbeck. B. in 1809, in I. Was a Roman Catholic. Join- 
ed Black Town Con'l Church, Madras, Visited Eng. in 1831. 0. Dec. 
22, 1831. A. at Madras May 1, 1832. In 1833, removed to Chittoor. 
Resigned in 1841 and joined the C. M. Society. 

James Paterson. ' B. July. 1807. 0. Dec. 21,1831. A. in Cal- 
cutta, June 8, 1832. Removed to Berhainpore, July, 1832. H. to Eng. 
Dec. 21, 1847. Rt. Dec. 1850. Labored at Calcutta. D. Dec. 10, 1854, 
on the Ganges, while on a missionary journey to Dacca. 

Orlando Thomas Dobbin. B. May 29, 1807, at Charlemont, Ire- 
land. 0. Jan. 6, 1832. A. at Calcutta June 8, 1832. On account of 
ill-health, Rt. to Eng. Dec. 1832. Ret. May 18, 1833. He subsequently 
. became Pastor at Arundel, Sussex. 

William Hoyles Drew. B. Dec. 21, 1805, at Plymouth. 0. April 
12, 1832. A. Sept. 16, 1832. S. Madras. H. to Eng. Aug. 19, 1840. 
lit. Dec. 14, 1845. Labored at Madras, chiefly as a Ver. preacher 
(Tamil), D. of cholera, at Madras, May 9, 1856. (See " Memoir," by John 
S. Wardlaw, Vizagapatam ; 1857). 

John Campbell. B. in 1804, in I. E. at Homerton Col. 0. Dec. 20, 
1832. A. at Calcutta, July 6, 1833. S. Kidderpore. Ret. in April. 1846, 
R. to Eng. 

Charles Miller. B. 1805, at Forfar. O.May 29,1833. A. Oct. 
5, 1833. S. Neyoor, 1833-37, Nagercoil, 1837-40, D. at Poonamallee, 
Sept. 9, 1841. 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



43 



Robert Cotton Mather, LL. D. B Nov. 8, 1808, at New Wind- 
sor, Manchester. E. at Edinburgh, Glasgow and Homerton Col. 0. June 
10, 1833. A. at Calcutta, Nov. 15, 1833, at Benares, Sept. 7, 1834. In 
May 1838, removed to Mirzapore, where he commenced a new station. 
H. to Eng. at the close of 1844. Rt. Nov, 26, 1846, and resumed his 
work at Mirzapore. H. to Eng. in 1857. "While in Eng. revised and 
carried through the press the Urdu Bible ; also diglot New Test (Engl. 
and Urdu). R. to Mirzapore, Feb. 7, 1861. In 1869 completed new 
edition of Roman-Urdu Bible, and commenced an edition in Urdu- Arabic 
with references. H. to Eng. in 1873. While in Eng. carried through 
the press a Hindustani version of N. T. portion of Annoted Paragraph 
Hible, and subseqently, 0. T. portion of the same. Ret. in 1875. D. at 
Finchlay, near Lon, April 21, 1877. 

John Adam Shurmfm. B. 1810, in Westphalia. 0. June 10, 1833. 
A. Nov. 15, 1833. S. Benares. Devoted himself to the Educational and 
Scripture Translation department. Did much in preparing Urdu and Hin- 
dustani versions of the Scriptures. In April, 1842 went to Calcutta to 
superintend the printing of the Urdu version of O.T. R. to Benares in 
June, 1843. In Oct. 1843 R. to Eng Rt. via New York, Feb. 20, 1846, 
Labored at Benares until his death, Oct. 1, 1852. 

George Welsh, B. 1803, at New Cunnock, appointed to Bangalore. 
0. A. at Madras, Sept. 1834. and D. there Oct. 21, 1834. 

Thomas Boaz, LL. D. B. Aug. 10, 1806, at Scarborough. 0. 
June 18, 1834. A. at Calcutta, Dec. 10, 1834. AVas pastor of Union 
chapel. H. to Eng. in 1847. Rt. Jan. 7, 1850. On account of ill-health 
R. to Eng. in Dec. 1858, Ret. July 4, 1860, D. in Lon. Oct. 13,1861. (See 
" The Missionary Pastor ; Memorials of Rev. T. Boaz, LL. D." Lon. 
Snow, 1862). 

James William Gordon. Son of the Rev. J. Gordon. B. at Yizaga- 
patam.in 1811. 0. Sept. 3, 1834, at Exeter. A. Feb. 4, 1835. S. 
Vizagapatam. H. to Eng, Dec. 12, 1839. Rt. to Vizagapatam, Dec 28, 
1842. In July, 1844 removed to Chicacole. R. to Yizagapatam in July, 
1845. H. toNeilghery Hills, 1871-72. Ret. in 1875. 

Edward Porter. B. July 12, 1810. 0. May 19, 1835, A. Sept, 
3, 1835. Labored at Vizagapatam until 1844, at Cuddapah till 1846, 
when he R. to Eng. for two years. Rt. and labored at Cuddapah from 
1848 to 1867 when he Ret. ultimately to Eng. 

Colin Campbell. B. Dec. 23, 1810, at Paisley. 0. April 10, 1835. 
A. at Madras Sept. 3, 1835. S Bangalore, 1835-40, Mysore, 1840-50, 
Bangalore, 1860-61, Salem, 1861-62, R. to Eng. in 1862, Rt. June 4, 
1864. Ret. to Eng. injl875. 

Gilbert Turnbull. B. in 1811, in the Isle of Wight. 0. Aug. 4, 
1836. A. Dec. 29, 1836. S. Bangalore. Health failing, he went to 
Australia in 1838. D. near Sydney, March 19, 1839. 

William Thompson. B. May 23, 1811, at Leith, Lancashire. 0. 
Aug. 15, 1836. A. Dec. 29, 1836. S. Bellary. H. to Eng. March, 
1840 Jan. 1841. S. Bellary. In Aug 1844, proceeded to Madras, to 
superintend the preparation of new Canarese type. R. to Bellary in 



44 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRtiCTOtlY. 

Jan. 1845. It. to Eng. in 1849, on account of his wife's ill health. 
Having accepted the pastorate at Cape Town, his connection as a mis- 
sionary with the Society ceased. Arrived at Cape Town June 24, 1S50, 
served as Agent and General Treasurer for the South African Missions. 

James Bradbury. B Sept. 22, 1805, at Mayfleld, Staffordshire. 0. 
Sept. 7, 1836. A at Calcutta, Feb 8, 1837. In 1842, removed to 
Chinsurah, in July 1849, to Berhacapore. 11. to Eng. in 1870 Ret. in 1872. 

John Shrieves. B. 1802, in India. S. Bellary 1830-47 where he 
was 0. Jan. 29, 1845. In 1847-49 Cuddapah, 1849-55, Bellary. B. 
Feb. 9, 1857. 

J. A. llegel. B. in I Appointed assistant missionary at Pulicat 
near Madras, in July, 1836. In 1839, removed to Bangalore O. at 
Bangalore, April 10, 1840. lit Dec. 11, 1843. 

AVilliam Penman Lyon. B. Dec. 28, 1812, at Glasgow. O. July 
7, 1837. A. Dec. 12, 1837. S. Benares. On account of wife's ill health 
It. to Eng. in 1840, when his connection with the Society ceased. Sub- 
sequently became pastor at Albany Chapel, Regents Park, London. 

Thomas L. Lessel. B. Apr 23, 1807, at Aberdeen. O. Aug. 1, 
1837. A. at Calcutta, Dec. 12, 1837. In Dec. 1838, removed to Ber- 
hampore. H. to Eng. May 20, 1852. It. to Calcutta, Dec. 14, 1861. 
Ret. 1868, and in 1870 11: to Eng. 

llobert Caldwell. B. May 7, 1814, near Belfast. July 7, 1837. 
A Jan. 7. 1838 S. Madras. On his joining the Gospel Propagation 
Society, he resigned his connection with the L. M. S. June 28, 1841. 
In 1842, he commenced a station under the Gospel Propagation Society at 
Edeyengoody, Tinnevelly. 

James 'T. Pattison. B. 1811 in London. O. Oct. 4, 1837 A. 
Mar. 31, 1838. S. Quilon and Xagercoil. Connection dissolved June i844. 

John Abbs B. Dec, 20, 1810. 0. Aug. 23, 1837. A. at Xeyoor 
April 20, 1838. In 1845 removed to jPareychaley. In 1859 It to Eng. 
Itet. in 1861. L. " Twenty-two years' Missionary experience in Travan- 
core." Lon : Snow and Co., 1870 

John Cox. B. 1811 at Painswick, Gloucestershire 0. July 27, 
1837. A. Mar. 31, 1838. In April, 1838 commenced a station at 
Trevandrum. Ret. in Aug. 1861. 

James Russell B. May 18, 1806, at Glasgow. Was Pastor at 
Rendall, Orkney. A. Mar. 31, 1838 S. Nagercoil, 1838-40. In 1840 
formed a new station at James Town. H. to Australia, June. 1856 to 
May, 1857. Ret. in 1860 to England. 

Archibald Ramsay. B. 1806, in London. A March 31,1838, and 
proceeded te Nagercoil, where he commenced a Medical Mission. After- 
wards removed to Neyoor. Connection dissolved, June 30, 1842. 

William Morton". Engaged in Calcutta about 1838. In 1840 R. 
to Eng. R. to Calcutta, in 1842. On account of ill-health Ret. to Eng. 
in 1845. 

James Sewell. B. Xov. 7, 1809, at Thealby, Lincolnshire. O. 
Feb. 22, 1838. A. at Madras, July 28, 1838. S. Bangalore. R. to 
Eng. in 1845. R. to Bangalore, in 1849. Ret. to Eng. in Aug. 18(54. 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 45 

John Luml>. B. 1809, at Otley, Yorkshire. 0. Aug. 2, 1838. A. 
Dec. 1838. >S. Madras. After six months his health failed; 11. to Eng. 
in 1839, when his connection with the Society ceased. 

J. H. Edward Van Iloer. B. 1806, at Brunswick. 0. Sept. 6, 

1838. A. at Calcutta Jan. 19, 1839. His connection with the Society 
was dissolved in June, 1841. 

Ferdinand Van Somnaer. B. 1803, at Covendon, Holland 0. Sept. 
6, 1838. A. t Calcutta, Jan. 19, 1839. Soon after left India. Connection 
dissolved in Mav. 1841. 

James Kennedy. B. May 11, 1815, at Aberfeldy, Perthshire. 0. 
Aug. 1, 1838. A. at Calcutta, Jan 19, 1839, and at Benares, March 
31. H. to Eng. at the close of 1849. lit. Feb. 24. 1854 Health failing 
K. to Eng. in 1862. lit. Jan. 4. 1866, visited Almorah.in 1867-68, and 
formed a new Station at llanikhet, April 30, 1869. H. to Eng. in 1877, 
llet. in 1877. L. '-Essays on Fundamental Questions." Mirzapore, 1874: 
and other works. Has pastoral charge at Portobello, Scotland. 

Henry Bower. B. in India. Was engaged, in 1838, as an Assistant 
Missionary in the Madras Mission, and appointed to Tripassore. In 1841, 
he joined Gospel Propagation Society. 

William Dawson. B. Jan. 16, 1816, at Yizagapatam. Was en- 
gaged, in 1838, as Assistant Missionary at Cuddapah. In 1840, removed 
to Chicacole. 0. in 1843. In June, 1852, removed to Yizianagram. 
To Eng in 1857. lit. early in 1859. Labored at Yizianagram. In 1875 
left I. for E but 1). on the voyage, Ma)' 5. 

lludolphe Dellodt. B. in Switzerland. Went to I in 1835, and in 
Jan. 1838 joined L. M S. Labored at Calcutta, where he D. Aug. 29, 1843 

John Michael Lechler. B. in 1804. in Germany. Having resigned 
his connection with the C. M. S.. joined the L. M. S.. in 1839. S. Coim- 
batoor and Salem. H. to Eng. in 1854. 11 to Salem in July, 1855. 
D. at Salem, June 17, 1861. 

William Flower B Aug. 16, 1811, at Botley, Hants. 0] Feb. 
6, 1839. A. at Bombay Aug 2, and at Surat, Sept, 1839. In " 1844, 
joined Mr. Clark son in commencing a new station at Baroda, Guzerat. 
On account of ill-health II. to Eng. 1846. D. at Titchfield, Feb. 3. 1847. 

William Clarkson. B. 1817, at Salisbury. A. Jan 30, 1839. A. 
at Surat, Dec. 15, 1839. In Xov. 1844 removed to Baroda, afterwards, 
to Mahi Kantha. H. to Eng. in 1848. lit in 1851. Ret. to Eng. in 1854 
subsequently became pastor at Folkestone. L. "India and the Gospel;" 
'Missionary Encouragements in India ;" "Christ and Missions," Lou. 
Snow and Co. 

Ebenezer Lewis. B. Oct. 4, 1812, near Aberystwith. 0. July 9, 

1839. A. Jan 7, 1840. S. Coimbatoor, 1840-43, Madras, 1843-46, 
Xagercoil, 1846-55, (formed a new station at Santhapuram). H. to Eng, 
in Aug. 18.55. lit. in 1857. Labored in Travancore, chiefly occupied in 
revision of N. T. in Tamil. Health failing, 11. to Eng. in 1862. llet. in. 
1867. D. at Buckhurst Hill, Essex, Xov. 30, 1873. 

Alexander Litch. B. Feb. 27. 1816, at Edinburgh, O.June 12, 
1839. A, at Madras, Jan. 7, and at Chjttoor, Feb. 7, 1840. In 1842, re- 



4 6 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



moved to Madras. In 1847 health having failed, Ret. to Eng. and 
settled at "Wigton, Cumberland. 

Richard Daniel Johnston. B. Feb. 14, 1815 in I. Engaged, in 

1839, as assistant at Vizagapatam. 0. in 1843. In 1855 commenced a 
station at Xundial. In 1870 visited Eng. Rt. Xov. 11, 1871. Ret. 1878. 

William Glen, M.R.C.S. B. Annan, Dumfriesshire, Oct. 2, 1811. 
0. Dec. 23, 1839 A. June, 1841. S. Mirzapore. His connection was 
dissolved by a Board Resolution of March 26, 1844. But Oct. 30,1848, 
he was again appointed as an Assistant missionary at Mirzapore He 
resigned his connection with the Society in Feb. 1854. 

William Porter. B. Xov. 10, 1811. at Sherborne. 0. May 28, 

1840. A at Madras, Sept. 15, 1840. S. Madras. H. to Eng. in July, 
1855. Ret. June 24, 1857. Undertook a boarding school at Hastings. 

David Gilkinson Watt. B. in 1817, at Irvine, X. B. 0. June 9, 
1840. A. June 2, 1841. S. Benares. H. to Eng. in 1844. Rt. Dec. 
1846. S. Benares. His health having failed, Rt. to Eng, in 1848, 
and Ret. soon afterwards, took a pastorate at Xorwich, Cheshire. 

John Smith Wardlaw, D. D B. July 25. Ibl3, at Glasgow. 0. July 
14, 1841. A. at Madras, Sept. 22. and'at Bellary, Oct. 28, 1842, H. to 
Eng. in 1845. Rt. to Bellary in Oct. 1846. Had charge of the Ward- 
law Inst. (opened Aug. 28, 1846) and assisted in Scripture translation. 
H. to the Cape, 1853-4. In 1856 removed to Vizagapatam to co-operate 
with Mr. Hay in revision of Telugu Scriptures. H. to Eng. in 1859. 
In 1861 was appointed President of the Highgate Inst , and conducted 
it until 1871, when it was closed. D Oct. 9, 1872. at St. John's Wood. 
L. "Memoir of Rev. W. H. Drew." Vizagapatam, 1857. 

John Owen Whitehouse B. April 23, 1815. at Dorking. 0. 
June 8, 1842. A. Sept. 22, 1842. S. Xagercoil, in charge of the Sem- 
inary, and in 1855 of the Printing Press and District. In 1856 the 
charge of the eastern half of the Santhapuram District rested on him 
and also the oversight of the James Town District. H. to Eng. Jan 22, 
1857. As his wife's health did not permit her return to India, his con- 
nection with the Society ceased, June 30, 1861. From June, 1867 to 
April, 1875 assisted in revision of the system carried on in the Foreign 
Department of the Society, discharging at various times, in 1870, and 
in 1873-74, the duties of the Foreign Secretariat. 

Matthew William Wollaston. B. Aug. 1802, at Calcutta. Had 
held a situation in the Government College at Agra, which he relinquish- 
ed on conscientious grounds. Was engaged in the Mirzapore mission in 

1843, and in Jan. 1844 was appointed Supt. of schools there. 0. in Xov. 

1844. Visited Eng. in 1847. Rt. in 1848 and labored at Mirzapore un- 
til his death, June 10, 1851. L ' Grammar for the use of natives in 
India" ; " Sanskrit Grammar." 

Joseph Mullens, D.D. B. Sept. 2,1820. O. Sept. 5, 1843. A. in 
Calcutta Jan. 9, 1844. Labored in the L M.S. Inst. and also in ver. 
preaching. H. to Eng. in April, 1858. Rt. Dec. 20, 1860. In May, 
J865, was invited by the Directors to assist Dr. Tidman in the Foreign 
Secretaryship. 11. to Eng. by way of South India and China, visiting 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 47 

the stations of the Society. A. in Eng. April 22,1867. On the death 
of Dr. Tidman, March 8. 1868, he became sole Foreign Secretary. Tn 1870 
visited Canada and in 1873-4 Madagascar (Deputation Work). While 
on a similar journey to TJjiji in Africa, he D. July 10, 1879, near Mpwa- 
para, Africa. L. " Missions in South India," 1854. "Results of Mis- 
sionary Labor," 1856. " Memorials of the Rev. A. F. Lacroix," 1862. 
" Ten years Missionary Labor in India" 1863; " London and Calcutta," 
1868. "Twelve Months in Madagascar," 1875. " Statistical Tables of Mis- 
sions in India;" and other works. 

John Henry Parker; B. Nov. 14, 1816, at Hackney. 0. Sept. 
7,1843 A.Jan. 9, 1844. S. Calcutta, laboring in L. M. S. List, and 
in ver. preaching. H. to Eng. in Dec. 1852. lit. Aug. 2, 1856. 
Resumed work in L.M.S. Inst. and at Coolie Bazar Chapel. D. at 
Calcutta, Sept, 9, 1858. 

Julius Ullmann. A German missionary who had labored some 
years in India. Educational work at Benares, from Aug. 1844 to 1847, 
when he resigned. 

John Sugden B. 1821, at Woodsome Lees, near Huddersfield. 0. 
March 20, 1845. A. Aug. 2, 1845. S. Bangalore Labored in the 
Tamil department of the Mission and Seminary. R. to Eng. in 1852. 
His connection with the Society soon afterwards ceased, and he took a 
pastorate at Lancaster. 

Joseph Van Someren Taylor. B. July 3, 1820, at Bellary, I. 0. 
July 15, 1845, at Bermondsay. A. at Bombay 28, 1845, and at B*roda, 
in Nov. 1846. In 1847 removed to Main Kantha. H. to Eng. in 1856. 
In 1859 joined the Irish Presbyterian Mission. 

T. Artope. A German. Was engaged as an Assistant at Mirza- 
pore in 1845. R. to Europe in 1854, when his connection with the Society 
ceased. 

C. Droese. A German. Had labored in I under another Mis- 
sionary Society. Was engaged in I. Sept 28, 1846, as Assistant mis- 
sionary in the Benares mission. His connection with the S. ceased in 
1847, when he Hi to the scene of his former labours. 

Edward Storrow. B Nov. 1818, at Darlington. 0. Dec 16, 1847. 
A. at Calcutta, March 6, 1848. Labored in L. M. S. Inst. and in ver. 
preaching. H. to Eng. Jan. 1858 to Sept. 1859. Sei-ved as pastor of 
Union chapel, 1859-66. Health failing R. to Eng. in Jan. 1866. Ret. in 
1868. Subsequently labored at Rugby and at Brighton. L. ' The East- 
ern Lily Gathered," Watson's '' Apology for the Bible," " India and 
Christian Missions," 1859. 

William Henry Hill. B. June 3, 1822, at Calcutta (Son of Rev. 
M. Hill). 0. Jan. 6, 1848, at Plymouth. A.March 6, 1848. Labored 
in L. M. S. Inst. and ver. preaching and itinerating. In Jan. 1860 pro- 
ceeded to the Cape for the benefit of his health, thence to Eng. in Jan. 
1861. In 1863 his health not having sufficiently improved Ret. Settled 
at Faversham, Kent. 

Carl Buch, Ph.D. B. Jan. 29, 1819, at Maaster, Westphalia. 
0. April 24, 1849, A. Madras, Sept. 23, and at Calcutta; Oct. 13, 1849, 



48 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIREO'l'ORY. 

Labored in L. M. S. lust. In Oct. I860, resigned liis connection with 
the Society, and soon after was appointed Principal of the Government 
College, at Bareilly, where in the Mutiny, he was shot on June 1, 1857. 
J. G. Stanger Was previously connected with the Easel Miss. Soc. 
In June, 1850 was engaged as assistant missionary at Bellary. Work, 
preaching and itinerating. Ret. in 1855. 

Charles James Addis, B. in Travancore. (Son of Rev. W. B. Addis). 
In Oct. 1850 was appointed assistant missionary at Coimbatoor. On 
account of ill health Ret. in 1861 to Coonoor. 

Frederick Baylis. B. Nov. 18, 1825, at Jlodborough, Gloucester- 
shire. O. Aug 29, 1850, at Southampton. A. Dec 20, 1850. S. Mad- 
ras, 1851-54, Xeyoor, 185-4-72. L Numerous works in Tamil ; for sev- 
ral years was joint, and afterwards, sole editor of the illustrated Tamil 
Magazine, " Desopakari." H. to Eng. March, 1872 to Nov. 1874. B. 
at Moottam. near Xeyoor, May, 1877. 

Alfred Corbold. B. May*7, 1821, at Ipswich. 0. Aug 7,1850. 
A. at Bombay Jan. 9, 1851. S. Main Kantha and Borsad until I860. 
H. to Eng. in June. 1860. lit Jan. 31, 1862. S. Madras. Health 
failing 11. to Eng. March 1. 1870. Rt Jan. 4, 1873. S. Madras. 
Health again failing lit. to Eng. in 1875. D. at Bedford, Sept. 1877. 
Charles Calder Leitch. (M. 11. C. S. Ed ) B Oct. 31, 1822, at Edin- 
burgh. Appointed as Medical missionary at Xeyoor. 0. Sept 4, 1851. 
A. at Madras, Dec. 17, 1851, at Xeyoor in Feb. 1853. Drowned at 
Moottam on seacoast, while bathing, Aug. 25, 1851. (See "Memoir," 
by the Rev D. Smith, D. D. Edinburgh, 1856). 

Richard John Sargent, B. Xov. 19, 1822, at Plymouth. Sept. 
11,1851. A.Dec 17, 1851. S. Bangalore. In 1857 removed to Mad- 
ras and took charge of the Tamil church, etc. R. to Eng. on account of 
wife's ill health in 1861. His connection with the Society ceased in 
Sept. 1863, when he became pastor at Billericay, Essex. 

Edward Josiah Evans. B June 30, 1826, in Lon. 0. Aug. 28, 
1851. A. at Belgaum, Dec. 22, 1851. In Apr. 1852, proceeded to 
Mirzapore, in Aug. 1856 to Madras. R. to Eng. in I860. Rt. in 1863, 
settled at Poyle, Middlesex. 

Philip Ludwig'Mens Valetfc. Had been connected with the Dresden 
Missy Soc'y. In 1852, joined the L M S. and was appointed to Bellary. 
A. Feb. 10, 1853. In 1857 was transferred to Chicacole. Ret. to Eng. 
in 1859. 

Matthew Atmore Shcrring. B. Sept. 26, 1826, at Halstead, Essex. 
E. at Univ. Col. Lon. and Coward Col. O. Dec. 7, 1852. A. at Benares, 
Feb. 12, 1853. In Xov. 1856 removed to Mirzapore. R. to Benares, 
in 1861. In 1866 R. by way of America to Eng. lit. Feb. 6, 1869. 
S. Benares. H. to Eng. in 1876. Rt, and labored at Benares, where 
he D. Aug. 10. 1880. L. " The Indian Church during the Rebellion." 
Lon. Xisbet, 1859. " The Sacred City of the Hindus." Lon. Trubner 
and Co. 1808. "The Tribes and Castes of India, as represented in Be- 
nares." Lon. Trubner and Co. 1873. "Jibe History of Protestant Mia- 
gious in India," Lon. Trubner and Co. 1875. 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 49 

George Hall. B. Sept. 27, 1825, at Edinburgh 0. April 7, 1851. 
Labored in Jamaica, 1851-53. R. to Eng. 1853. A. at Madras April 
5, 1854, where he took charge of L.M. S. lust. H. to Eng. July 6, 1863. 
lit. in Oct. 1865. On account of wife's death R. to Eng. May 12,1871- 
Rt. to Madras in 1872. H. to Eng. in 1876. Ret. 1879. 

C. E. Thompson. B. in *I. ^Engaged in I. as assistant missionary 
at Chicacole. In 1853 removed to Vizianagram, in 1861, to Vizagapa- 
tam, in 1868, to Chicacole. Ret. in 1877. 

Theodore Gottlieb Kubler. E. at Basle. O. March 4, 1855, in Lon. 
A. in 1855. S. Salem and Madras In Oct. 1857, on account of ill health, 
R. to Eng. Ret. in 1858. 

John Joll Dennis B. Feb. 14, 1830, at Morice Town, near Ply- 
mouth. 0. Oct. 4, 1855. A. Feb 12, 1856. S. Nagercoil. On account of 
his wife's ill health R. to Eng in 1862. Rt. Aug. 18, 1863, proceed- 
ed to Nagercoil, where he 1). Nov. 15, 1864. 

John Macartney. B. May, 1828, at Castle Douglas, N. B. 0. Jan. 
7, 1857. A. July 1857, at Bellary where he took charge of the Wardlaw 
Institution. In Nov. 1863 resigned his connection with the Society. 

William Jones B. 1833 at Llanwrin, Montgomeryshire 0. Sir- 
howy, Feb. 10, 1858. A. Calcutta April 9. 1858 In Feb. 1859 he was 
transferred to the Mirzapore mission. Labored at Benares and Mirzapore. 
In Dec. 1863 left Benares to establish a mission in the District of 
Singrowli, south of Mirzapore and settled at Duddhi : H 1867. R. 
Jan. 1869. D at Duddhi, April 25, 1870. 

\Villiam Moody Blake. B. Madras Aug. 1828. 0. Jan. 1858. 
A. 1858. S. Calcutta, 1860; Benares 1861-68. R. to Eng. in 1870, and 
Ret. in Oct. 1871. Subsequently settled at St. Peter's Port, Guernsey. 

Samuel Jones. B June 13, 1830, at Warrington. 0. Nov. 3, 1858. 
A. 1859. S. Coimbatoor. H to Eng. in 1867. Rt. in March, 1871. 
S. Nagercoil. H to Eng. in 1877. D. in Lon. May 29, 1877 

John Crichton Dick. B. Edinburgh, April 27, 1834. Feb. 16, 
1859. Sailed March 7, 1859. Died on his passage out, June 27, 1859. 

George Shrewsbury. B. May 6, 1833, at Hythe, Kent. Aug. 
23, 1860. A. Dec. 20, 1860. S. Berhampore. His health not improving 
Ret to Eng. 1868. His connection with the Society ceased in 1870 
when he become pastor at Ingress Yale, Greenhithe, Kent. 

James Frank Gannaway, B. 1838 at AVartlington, Hants 0. July 
10.1861. A. in Nov. 1861. S. James Town. His wife's health failing 
lef tlndia in Aug. 1864 for Eng. In 1865 Ret. and in 1866 became Pastor 
at Wotton-under-edge, Gloucestershire. 

John Lowe, M. R. C. S. Ed. B. Mar. 2, 1835, at Banchory, 
Aberdeenshire. Appointed Medical missionary at Neyoor. O July 1, 
1861. A at Neyoor Nov. 21, 1861 In 1868 on account of wife's ill- 
health R. to Eng. Resigned Mar 13. 1871, and became Supt of Train- 
ing Inst , Edinburgh Medical Mission. 

S. R Asbury. B. Feb. 1833, at Hanley, Staffordshire. E. at 
Andover Theol. Sem. (IT. S. A.) and Univ. Col. Lon. 0. July 30, 1861. 
A. Jan. 3, 1862, at Mirzapore. Ret. to Eng. in 1864, 

7 



50 INDIAN AllSSWNAltY DIRECTORY. 

Frederick J. Bright. B. in Essex, Dec. 24, 1832. 0. June 6, 1861. 
A. Jan 3, 1862. S Mirzapore. In 1864 Ret. to Eng. when his 
connection with the Society ceased. 

Goodeve Mabbs. B. 1835 at London. 0. Aug. 13, 1861. A. Jan 
1862. S. Salem. 1862-65. Nagercoil 1866. Res. Jan. 19, 1867 and 
Ret. Sept. 23. 1868. Subsequently became Pastor at Holy, Moorside. 

William Edward Morris. B/ Aug 3, 1855, at Llanfyllan, Mont- 
gomeryshire. 0. Aug. 14, 18G1. A at Coimbatoor. in Jan. 1862. Es- 
tablished a mission at Tirupoor, Apr. 9, 1863 Removed to Salem, in 
^ T ov. 1865. Health having failed 11 to Eng. April 9, 1869, Ret. Apr. 
30, 1872. Settled at Market Harborough. 

Alexander Thomson 13. in 1834. 0. July 1, 1861. A. at Cud- 
dapah, in Jan. 1862. D at Bellary, Sept. 6, 1862. 

Edward Allport Wareham. H. March, 1838, at Hampton Wick, 
Middlesex. June 23, 1864. A. Nov. 1864. S. Belgaum. Suffering 
from sunstroke, H to Eng. in 1871. llet. in 1872, and was appointed 
District Agent for Scotland and Ireland. 

Thomas Haslam. B Oct. 17. 1839, at Egerton, near Bolton. O. 
Sei>t. 1, 1864. A. 1864. In April, 1865 opened a Mission at Pullachy 
in the Coimbatoor District At the close of 1866 removed to Coimba- 
toor, where he labored until his death, June 13 1869 

William G. Mawbey. B 1840, at Northampton. 0. July 5, 
1864. A. 1865. S. Cudda'pah. H. to Eng. in 1876. Afterwards Ret. 

David Meadowcroft. B. Feb. 1838, at Manchester. 0. July 4, 
1864. A. in Dec. 1864. S Madras. His wife's health having failed 11. 
to Eng. Feb. 2, 1867, and Ret. Afterwards went to Australia. 

William Whyte B. Get 6, 1838, at Oban, Argyleshire 0. Juno 
5, 1866. A. t Madras, Oct. 21, 1866 and D. there Dec. 30, 1866. 

Henry De Verc Gookey. B. Mar. 16. 1843, at Southampton. O. 
July 4, 1866. A. Jan. 12,* 1867. S. Vixagapatain. H to Eng. in 1875, 
Ret in 1 878 

John Naylor. B. Mar. 4, 1837, at Halifax O. July 26, 1866. A. at 
Calcutta, Oct." 29. 1866. H. to Eng. in April, 1875. Ret. Jan. 26, 1877 

Henry Toller. B May 10, 1845, at Market Harborough. <) 
Sept. 2, 1869. A. Jan. IS, 1870: D at Salem. March 15. 1870. 

Stephen Organe. B 1839, at Bristol. July 4, 1866. A.Jan. 
12, 1867. S. Madras, Educational work On account of wife's ill- 
health R to Eng in 1867. R. Feb 7. 1868. S Madras. Jan 18, 1871 
resigned connection with the Society, and accepted the pastorate oi' the 
Church at Davidson Street Chapel, Madras. 

Edwi Midwinter. B. Mxrch, 1S53, at Xewbury O Feb. 16, 
1876. A. i n 1876. S. Yizagapatam, where he D. May 27, 1877. 

Alexander Strachan. B Nov. 26, 1853 at Fraserburgh, N. B. O. 
Oct. 5, 1877. A. in 1877. S. Calcutta, where he D. Sept, 20, 1878. 



CHAPTER IV. 
THE AMERICAN BOARD. 
I. THE MARATUI MISSION. 

THE American Maratlii Mission was the first established 
by "The American Board,"* the oldest Missionary Society 
in America. This Society was organized in June, 1810, but the 
first missionaries did not sail till Fsbruary, 1812. They landed 
in Calcutta the following June, and were peremptorily ordeied 
out of the country by Government. Two of them escaped to 
Bombay, and endeavored to commence missionary work there. 
These were the Revs. Gordon Hall and Samuel Nutt. They 
were at 6rst forbidden to engage in missionary work at Bombay, 
but after suffering much annoyance, and once having their pass- 
age edgaged to England by order of the Bombay Government, 
they at last received permission to remain. An earnest appeal 
by the missionaries themselves to the excellent Governor of Bom- 
bay, Sir Even Nepean, was mainly effectual in securing this re- 
sult. The letter giving the permission was dated December 
21, 1813. They were soon joined by the Rev Samuel Newell. 
When ordered away from Calcutta, Mr. Newell had taken pas- 
sage in a ship to the Isle of France. But the hardships of the 
voyage proved too much for Mrs N. in her delicate health, and 
soon after Banding at Port Louis, she rested from her labors. 
Having buried his young wife and infant child, Mr. Newell 16- 
turned alone to India, to carry out his cherished purpose of 
preaching the Gospel to the Hindus. 

Permission having been received to reside in the city, and 
preach to the Native population, the missionaries commenced 
their work in earnest. They experienced especially severe 
trials in the outset, but they were men of large faith, of untiring 

* NOTE. The full title of this Society is, " The American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions." But except in official documents, 
it is more commonly known as" The American Board." 



52 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

energy, and they counted not their lives dear to themselves if 
they might win in the struggle. Others soon came to their 
support. In 1815, the Rev. H. Bardwell, who understood print- 
ing, joined the Mission. A press was soon at work, which with 
constantly improving types and other appliances, was one of the 
chief agencies employed by the American Mission till 1855. 
Other presses in the meantime having been established, at 
which all necessary printing could be done, this secular work 
was then dropped as no longer indispensable to the Mission. 

Of the three founders of the Mission, Mr. Nott was compell- 
ed by failing health to return home in about three years, but 
lived in America till 1869. In May, 1821, Mr. Newell fell a 
victim to cholera, that fearful scourge of India which has so of- 
ten thinned the ranks of missionaries as well as other classes of 
foreign residents. 

Mr. Hall labored thirteen years at Bombay. His labors 
were various and arduous. Besides preaching to the heathen he 
spent much time in the translation of portions of Scripture, and 
the writing of suitable tracts in Marathi. He also made long 
tours into the .Deccan, sowing the seed broad-cast. It was on one 
of these tours in March, 1826 that he finished his course. Visit- 
ing Nasik and Triinbakeshwar, he found the cholera raging, and 
the people in a panic, without any means of checking the dis- 
ease. With characteristic self-forgetfulness, he began to give 
the sick medicines from his own little stock, till it was nearly 
exhausted. He then started on his return to Bombay. At the 
end of the second day he reached a place called Durli Dhapur 
about thirty miles from Nasik. Having no tent, he stopped in 
the verandah of an open temple for the night. The cold and 
other discomforts of the place, added to the fatigue of the jour- 
ney, prepared his system for a fatal attack of the disease raging 
around him. This came on about four o'clock the next morniug 
as he was preparing to start on his journey. Medicine adminis- 
tered by his attendants was rejected, and he then told them that 
lie should not recover. Having given a few brief directions 
about the burial of his body and other matters, he prayed with 
them, and calmly awaited the end. He died about noon of tho 
same day, one of tho humble heroes whose record is on high, 



AMERICAN BOARD. 53 

His attendants wrapped the body in a blanket, and laid it in a 
grave in the Musalman burying-ground.* 

In the few years following the death of Mr. Hall, several 
members of the Mission made long tours through the Maruthi 
country, preaching and distributing tracts and vernacular por- 
tions of Scripture. In December, 1831, Ahmednagar was 
occupied by Messrs. Graves, Read, and Hervey, as an inland 
station. Since its occupation this city and the districts around 
it have engrossed a large part of the time and strength of the 
Mission. The greater part of the churches are organized here, 
and most of the Native Assistants are employed in these dis- 
tricts. Satara was occupied in 1849 by the Rev. W. Wood. 
Sholapur was occupied in 1861 by the Rev. C. Harding. 

Schools for children of both sexes have formed an impor- 
tant agency in the operations of the Mission since its founding. 
At first, Hindu teachers wero employed, as no others were avail- 
able ; the schools being carefully superintended by the mission- 
aries or Native Christian catechists. But for the last twenty- 
five years, only Christian teachers have been employed. Miss 
Farrar, who was thirty-five years connected with the Mission, 
labored with untiring energy and zeal and with much success, 
in establishing and carrying on girls' schools. Many hundreds 
of girls were thus brought under Christain instruction. The 
school for Christian girls at Ahmednagar has numbered about 
100 pupils for some years past. In the 60 schools of the Mission 
about 1,200 pupils are under the instruction of Christian teachers. 

Other stations have been occupied by the missionaries in 
the districts around Ahmednagar, and one at Bhuinj in the 
Satara district. Sirur was occupied by the Rev. 0. French in 
1842; Khokar by the Rev W. P. Barker in 1855; Wadaleby the 
Rev. S. B. Fail-bank in 1857; Rahuri by the Rev. A. Abott in 1859. 

There are now (January, 1881)five missionaries connect- 
ed with the Ahmednagar district, two with Satara, one with 
Sholapur, two at Bombay, and one ia in America on fur- 
lough. There is also a medical missionary lady in Bombay. 

*NoTE. Oue of the attendants of Mr. Hall at the time of his death, 
Mr. Thomas Graham, is still living (January, 1881) in Bombay. He was a 
most valuable Assistant iti the " American Press" while this was carried ou 
by the Mission, and is now employed iu couueetiou with the " Education 
Society's Press," Bombay. 



54 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRUCTOHY. 

There are 25 churches in connection with the Mission, of which 
fifteen have ordained pastors over them. 

The following statistics show the growth of these churches. 

The first part of the statistics refers to the churches in Ahrued- 

uagar district only ; the others tjall the stations of the Mission. 

Members received into the chutch on profession of faith : 

1831 to 1840, inclusive, ... ... JG 

1841 to 1850, ... ... 138 

1851 to 1860, ... ... 441 

In all the churches received on profession : 

1801 to 1870, inclusive, ... ... 463 

1871 to 1880, ... ... 1,100 

Number of Communicants : 

January 1, 1861, ... 473 

Do. do. 1.871, ... 629 Increase 15G 
Do. do. 1881, ... 1,340 do. 711 

The following literary labors of missionaries of this Mis- 
sion may be mentioned. The books, if not out of print, can 
probably be obtained through the Treasurer of the American 
Board, L. S. Ward, Esq., Congregational House, U.S.A. 

Memoirs of Rev. Gordon Hall. (1834'. By Rev. Hora- 
tio Bard well, D D, ; 260 p . 

Memoirs of the converted Brahman, Babajee. (1836). 
Rev. Hollis Read. 2. VoU, pp. 264 and 275. 

India and its People, Ancient and Modern. (1859). Rev. 
Hollis Read. Pp. 384. 

India, Ancient and Modern, Geographical, Political, So- 
cial and Religious. (1856). Rev. D.A, Allen, D.D. 8vo, pp. 618. 
Journal of a Missionary tour in India (1836). Rev W. 
Ramsay, pp. 367. 

The Conquest of India by the Church. (1845). Rev. S. B. 
Munger. 

A Grammar of the Marathi Language : Translation of the 
"Surya Siddhanta'': " Antiquity and Unity of tha Human Race/' 
Rev. E. Burgess. [L. B.] 



THE A ME HIC AN BOARD. 55 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ANKAIPAGAR, MAHIPATI BALAJT. Professed Christianity Aug. 28, 
1853 0. Deo 26, 1867. In charge of the church in (Ad.) Dedagav, 
Ahmednayar, Bombay P. 

BALLANTINE, WILLIAM OSBORNE, M. D. B. at Ahmednagar, Feb 9, 
1849. A. (from America) April 18, 1875. S. Ahmednagar. llahuri. W. 
medical practice and ver. preaching. M. Ad. It a hurt, Ahmednayar, 
Bombay P. 

BARASE, JAYARAM DAMAJI. Professed Christianity May 27, 1855. 
(). Dec. 6, 1867. In charge of the church in (Ad.) Shinyave, Ahmednag- 
ar, Bombay P. 

BHAMBAL, YITHOBA LAKSHAMAN. Professed Christianity Nov. 22, 
1857. 0. Nov. 27, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Gahu, Ah- 
mednagar, Bombay P. 

BISSELL, LEMUEL. B. at South Winsor, Ct. U., S A , Dec. 12, 1822. 
0. at Milan, Ohio, April 9, 1851. A. Aug. 27, 1851. S Sirur, Ahmed- 
nagar. W. preaching (ver.). itinerating, and instructing Theol. classes. 
H. Dec. 14, 1863, to Oct 11^ 1866: and from March, 1876 to Dec. 1877. 
M. Ad. Ahmednayar, Bombay P. 

BRUCE, HENRY JAMES A. March 3, 1863 S. Ahmednagar, Khokar, 
llahuri, Satara. W preaching (ver ) and itinerating. H. from March 
15, 1872, to Oct. 16, 1875. Prepared several works in Marathi, most 
important of which is " Anatomy, Human and Comparative." Octavo, 
pp. 340 M. Ad. Satara, Bombay P. 

DHALAAVAXI, KASAM MAHAMADJI. B at Ahmednagar, in 1837. 
Professed Christianity June 9, 1856 0. Nov. 19. 1863. S Khokar 1863 
to Dec , 3870, when he became pastor of the church at Sirur. Is now 
laboring as an evangelist at Satara. Ad Satara, Bombay P. 

FAIKBANK, SAMUEL BACON. B Dec. 14, 1822, at Stamford, 
Ct , U. S A E. Illinois College at Jacksonville, and received B A., in 
1842. After three years of theological study at Andover, was licensed 
in 1845 ; and received M A. 0. as an evangelist at Jacksonville, in 
1845. Spent the following winter in the study of Mrathi. Sailed from 
Boston, May 28, 1846 : landed in Bombay, September 20, 1846. For 
more than four years beginning with 1850 resided in Bombay, and super- 
intended the American Mission Press ; which then did the work of the 
Mission and most of the Marathi work, as well as some Guzerati work of 
the Bible and Tract Societies Afterward stationed at Ahmednagar and 
Wadale. Work almost exclusively in Marathi : preaching, itinerating, 
superintending village schools and native agents Literary labors : revis- 
ing Bible : editing the tracts of the Mission series and the school-books 
compiling and revising rather than composing : H. May 2, 1855, to Jan. 
12,1857: and Aug. 18, 1869, to Aug. 26,1871. Ad. Ahmednagar, 
Bombay P. 

GATES, LOUIN SAMUEL. B at East Hardland, Ct., U. S. A. Ordain- 
.ed at Cambridge Vt., July 7, 1875. A. Dec. 28,1875. W. preaching 
Eng. and ver. M. Ad. Sfafofiur, Bombay P, 



56 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

GAYA.KAWAD, HAUitu. DAGADOBA. Professed Christianity Apr. 13, 
1859. 0. Dec. 24, 1868. In charge of the church at Sonai, Ad. Man- 
zari, Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

HA.RDIXG, CHARLES. B. at \Vhately, Mass , U. S. A. Xov. 21, 
1826. 0. July 3, 1856. A. Jan. 12, 1857. S. Bombay, Sholapur. W , 
preaching (ver. and Engl.) and itinerating H. Mar 21, 1868, to Dec. 
22, 1869. Second II. in Mar. 1880. M. (Ad.) .imherst, Mass. U. S. A 

HUIIE, EDWARD SACKETT. B. at Bombay, June 4, 1818. 0. at 
Xew Haven, Ct., U. S. A., June 2, 1875. Oct. 16, 1875. S. Ahmedna- 
gar, 1875, since, Bombay. L. Editor of Dnyanodaya one year. M. Ad. 
Byculla, Bombay. 

HUME, ROBERT ALLEV. B. at Bombay, March 18, 1847. 0. at 
Xew Haven, Ct., U. S. A, May 10, 1874.' A. Oct. 29, 1874. 8. Ah- 
mednagar. AY. Yer. preaching and teaching in Theol. Bern. Editor Dny- 
anodaya M. Ad. Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

KARMARKAR, YISHNU BH \SKAR Professed Christianity Oct. 2, 1853. 
0. June 27, I860, Removed to Bombay in 1868, and soon after was 
installed as pastor of the Mission church in that city. Ad. Tank St., 
Bombay. 

KSHIRASAGAR, ANAJI BtiAGOBA. B. in 1842. Professed Christianity 
Dec 9. 1860 O in Dec. 1874. In 1879 became pastor of church in 
(Ad.) dhmednagar, Bombay P. 

MAKASARE, SONAJI CKAXDRABHAU. Professed Christianity Nov. 22, 
1857 0. Feb 25, 1874. In charge of the church at Ad Parner, 
Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

MAKASARE, YITHAL ABAJI. Professed Christianity Xov 22, 1857. 0. 
May 4, 1874. In charge of the church at (Ad ) Satara, Bombay P. 

MOBAK, HAMKRISHNA YIXAYAK Professed Cliristianity Sept. 25, 1842. 
O. Dec. 13, 1854. Remained here about live years : then accepted a call 
to become pastor of the church in Bombay, where he labored till 1866. 
On account of the health of his family he then R to the Deccan, and in 
1870, when the two churches at Ahmednagar were united, he became 
pastor of the united church. Has written and translated several useful 
tracts and books Resigned his place as pastor of the church in June 
1879, and was appointed Instructor in the Theological Seminar)- at Ah- 
mednagar. Ad. Ahmednayar, Bombay P. 

OHOL, "\YANIRAM YESHAWAXT. Professed Christianity Jan. 18, 1857. 
Xov. 22, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad.) ItaJniri, Ahmednay- 
ar, Bombay P. 

PARK, CHARLES WARE. B Sept. 8, 1845, at Xorth Andover, Mass. 
U. S A. 0. June 15,1870. A Sept. 16, 1870 S. Ahmednagar, 1870-1 
Sholapur, 1871-4. Bombay, 1874-80. L Founded the Indian Evangeli- 
cal Review, 1873, and edited it until 1879: Editor of Dnyanodaya, 
1873-80: Sec. Bombay Tract and Book Socy. 1874-76: Editor of Publi- 
cations of Am Marathi Mission, 1878. H. to U. S. A., early in 1881. 
Ad Bombay 

PAAVAR, RAWAJI DEWAJI. Professed Christianity in I860. 0. Dec. 
28, 1860. In charge at (Ad.) Parner, Ahmednagar, Bombay P, 



TEE AMERICAN BOARD. 57 

RATTTAWAD, SAYAJT MUKINDA. Professed Christianity May 27, 1855. 
0. Dec. 13, 18G7. In charge of the church at (Ad) Pane /teg av, Ahmed- 
net gar, Bombay P. 

SALAVE, LAKsirAirA.s- MAXAJI. Professed Christianity Dec. 14 
1851. 0. Dec. 19, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Chandc 
Bombay P. 

SMITH, JAMES. B. at Ontario, Canada, July 13, 1851. E. in Vic- 
toria College, and Knox Col Thoo.1. Seminary, graduating from the former 
in 1876, nd from the latter in 1879. M. April, 1879. Appointed to the 
Marathi Mission Sept. 19: 0. at St. Mary's, Ontario, by the Presbytery of 
Stratford, Canada, Sept. 29. Sailed from Quebec Oct. 25, and landed in 
Bombay Dec. 13, 1879. Ad. Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

WAGGIF AWARE, DHONDIBA TTJKARAM. Professed Christianity Sept. 17, 
1854. 0. Dec. 5, 1872. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Belapoor, Ah- 
niednagar, Bombay P. 

"NYvucFFA-WARE, GA.NGARA.M LALABA. Professed Christianity Xov. 27, 
1858. 0. Dec. 12, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad) Kolagav, 
Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

WELLS, SPKXCER HEX-FORD. B. at Albany, N. T., U. S. A. , Aug. 25, 
1838. E. at Beloit College, Wis. In the war of 1860, was in the north- 
ern army, and lost an arm at Yicksburg. Attended the Chicago Theol. 
Sem , and graduated in 1867. O at Chicago in 1867. Preached two 
years in Dundee and London. Mich. M. April 6, 186D. A. Bombay 
lS"ov. 13, of the same year. Spent one year in Ahmednagar : has since 
labored at Bhuinj and Panchgani. W. mostly Yer. Proceeding to America 
on furlough in March, 1881. Ad. Panchgani, Satara, Bombay P. 

"NYjxsoR, HICHARD. A. Jan. 22, 1871. S. Sholapur, Satara, Sirur. 
"\V. preaching and itinerating. M. Ad. Sirur, Poona District, Bombay P. 

ZADHAV, SADOBA MAKAJI, B. at Ahmednagar in 1842. Professed 
Christianity, July 2. 1854. 0. Jan 25, 1853. In charge of the church 
at Ih at place till 1876, then removed. Ad. Ma-had Konkan, Bombay P. 

RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Hollis Read. B. at Xewfane, Yt,, U, S. A.> Aug. 26, 1802. A. 
March 7, 1831. S. Bombay, Ahmednagar. "NY. preaching (ver.) and 
itinerating. Left I. March, 18, 1835. Ad. Congl. House, Boston. U. S. A. 

Willam Ramsey. B. at Thompson, Pa., U. S. A , Feb. 11, 1803. 
A. March 7, 1831. S. Bombay. "W. preaching (ver.) and itinerating. 
Left I. July 5, 1834. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U. S. A. 

Amos Abbott. B. at Wilton, KH.,U.S.A.,inlblO. A. Oct. 15, 1834. 
H. 1847-57. S. Ahmednagar, Rahuri, Satara. Left I. in March, 
1869. Ad Steel City, Neb., U. S. A. 

George W. Boggs. A. Sept. 14,1838. S. Ahmednagar. "W. ver. 
preaching. Left I. Dec. 22, 'J838. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U.S.A. 

Allen Hazen. D. D. B Xov. 30. 1822. A. Feb. 27, 1847. S. Ah- 
mednagar, Sirur, Bombay, Sholapur. "VY preaching (Yer ), itinerating, 
Bible revision, preparation of tracts, instructing Theol. classes. II. 1858- 
64 r Left I. Feb. 24,1872. Ad. Ageiram, Mass , U.S.A. 



58 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

William Wood. B. Dec. 2, 1818. A. Jan. 19, 1848. S. Satara, 
Ahmednagar, Satara. W. preaching (Yer.) itinerating, and preparing 
tracts. H. 1855-57, 1862 to 1865. Left I. March 15, 1872. Ad. 
North Branford, Ct., U, S.A. 

Samuel Chase Dean. A. Jan. 12, 1857. S Ahmednagar, Satara, 
Bhuinj. W. preaching (ver.) and itinerating. Left I. March 19, 1867 
Ad. Steele City, Nebraska, U. S, A. 

Henry Watkins Ballantine. A. March 3, 1863. S. Bombay, W. 
preaching. Left I. March 7, 1865. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U.S.A. 

William Henry Atkinson. B. at Bradford, Yorkshire, Eng. May 
29,1838. 0. at Chicago, U.S.A., W April, 1867. A.Jan. 18, 18G8.. 
S. Ahmednagar, Wadale, Sholapur. W. preaching in ver. and Eng. and 
itinerating. Left I. in Jan. 1876. Ad. Orchard, lou-a, L". S. A. 

DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Gordon Hall. B. at Tolland, Mass., U. S. A. April 8, 1784. 0. 
at Salem, Eeb. 6,1812. A. in June, 1812. Not being permitted tq 
remain in Calcutta, where he and his companions landed, in company 
with Mr. Nott proceeded to Bombay where they opened the mission. 
He was engaged in preaching, itinerating and translating. D. while on 
a tour, near Nasik, March 10, 1826. 

Samuel Nott. B. at Franklin, Ct , U. S. A. Sept. 11, 1788. 0. at 
Salem, Feb. 6, 1812. Landed in Calcutta the following June, and with 
Mr. Hall escaped to Bombay. Was engaged in preaching. Left I. on ac- 
count of failing heMlth in Spt 1815. D. at Hartford, Ct., July 1, 1869. 

Samuel Newell. B. at Durham, Me., U.S. A , July 24, 1784. O. 
at Salem, Feb. 6, 1812. Landed in Calcutta the following June. When 
ordered away he proceeded to the Isle of France, and thence to Bombay, 
where ho joined the new mission. Was engaged in preaching, itinerat- 
ing and translating. D. at Bombay May 31, 1821. 

Horatio Bardwell, D.D. B. at Belchertown, Mss., U. S. A. Nov. 
3, 1788. 0. in 1815. A. Nov. 1, 1816, and joined the mission at Bom- 
bay. Was engaged in preaching and in superintending the Press. Left 
I. Jan. 22, 1821. D. in 1867. 

John Nichols. B. at Antrim, N H., U. S. A., June 20, 1790. A. 
at Bombay, Feb. 23, 1818. D. Dec. 9, 1824. 

Allen Graves. B. at Rupert, Yt., U.S.A. April 8,1792. A 
Feb. 23, 1818. S. Mahim, Bombay, and Mahableshwar.Was in America 
from Aug. 1832, to Sept. 1834. D. Dec. 30, 1843. 

James Garrett, Esq. B. at Utica, N. Y., U. S, A , July 16, 1797. 
A. Aug. 9, 1S20. Labored in Ceylon and at Bombay in connection with 
the Press. D. July 16, 1831. 

Edmund Frost. B. at Brattleboro, Yt., U. S. A., Nov. 16, 1791. 
O. in 1823. A. June 28, 1824. S. Bombay. D. Oct. 18, 1825. 

Cyrus Stone. B. at Marlboro, N. H., U.S.A., June 9, 1793. A. 
Dec. 28, 1827. Labored at Bombay and Jalna in preaching and translat- 
ing. Left I. in June, 1838. D. 

David Oliver Allen, D.D. B. at Barre, Mass., U. S, A., in 1800. 0. 



THE AMERICAN BOARD. 59 

in 1827. A. Nov. 27, 1827. S. Bombay, Ahmednagar, Jalna. W. 
preaching in Eng, and ver; itinerating, Bible translation and revision, and 
(care of the Tress. H. from Dec. 1832 to Jan. 1834. Left I. in 1852. 
D. at Lowell, Mass, July 19, 1863. 

William Hervey. B. at Kingsbury, N. Y., U. S. A., Jan. 22, 1799. 
A. March 7, 1831. S. Bombay and Ahmednagar, and engaged in preach- 
ing. D. at the latter place May 13, 1832. 

William C. Sampson, Esq. B. at Kingston, N. C., U.S A., July 
7, 1806. A. Nov. 22, 1833. Labored at Bombay in connection with 
the Press; D. at Allepie, Dec 22, 1835. 

Sendol Barnes Munger. B. at Fairhaven, Yt.j U.S.A., Oct. 5, 
1803. 0. Feb 12,1834. A. Sept. 10. 1834. S. Bombay, Jalna, Bhin- 
gar, Satara; H. 1842 to 1846 ; May 18, 1853 to Nov. 1854; April 1860 
to March; 1863. D. at Bombay, July 23, 1868. 

George W. Hubbard. B. at Hanover, N. H , U. S. A., Dec. 25, 
J809. A. Sept. 10, 1834. S. Bombay and Jalna in superintending 
schools. Left I in June, 1837. D. 

Henry Ballantine. B. at Schodack, N.Y., L T . S. A., March 5, 1813. 

0. in 1834. A Oct. 11, 1835, S. Bombay and Ahmednagar. W. 
preaching (ver ) itinerating, Bible translating, Christian books in the vef. 
instruction of Theol. classes H. from Dec. 1849, to Nov. 1852. Left I. 
Sept. 4, 1865. D at sea. Nov. 9, 1865. 

Elijah A. Webster, Esq. B. at New Hartford, N. Y., U. S. A., 
Feb.20, 1813. A. Oct. 11, 1835. S. Bombay as Supdt. of the Press Left 

1. in 1842. D. 

Ebenezer Burgess. B. at Graftcm. Yt , TT.S A.j June 26. 1805. A. 
Aug. 10, 1839. S Ahmednagar and Satara. H. Deo. 1844 to Feb. 18l7< 
Left I. in Jan. 1854. D at Newton Centre, Mass., Jan. 1, 1870. 

Ozro French. B. at Dummerston, Yt , U. Si A., June 8, 1807. A. 
Aug 10,1839. S. Ahmednagar and Sirun W itinerating and ver. preach-, 
ing. Left I. July 19, 1849. 1) Sept, 28,1865. 

llobert Wilson Hume. B. at Stamford, N. Y , U.S A , Nov. 8, 
1809. O. in 1838. A. Aug. 10, 1839 S. Bombay. W. preaching, in Engl. 
and ver. ; editing the ver newspaper ' Dnyartndaya." Was Sec. of the 
Bombay Tract Society. Left I. Sept. 20, 1854. D. at sea Nov. 26, 1854. 

William Wilberforce Chapin. B. at Somers, Ct., U S.A., Dec. 2, 
1836. O. Sept 24, 1863. A. May 19, 1864. S. Ahmednagar and 
Pimplas. D. March 2l', 1865. 

Hari llamchandra Khishti. Professed Christianity April 14, 1839. 
0. Dec. 13, 1854. D. in Bombay ,Jan. 11, 1864. 

It is but proper here to add the name of Miss Cynthia Farrar, who 
was B. at Marlboro, N.H , U S.A., April 20, 1795, and A. Dec. 28, 
1827. She labored at Bombay, Ahmednagar and Satara, superintend- 
insr girls' schools. Yisited America in 1837, Rt. in 1839. She D. at 
Ahmednagar, Jan. 25, 1862. 



60 INDIAN MISSIONARY UIRECWEY. 



II. THE MADURA MISSION. 

THE District of Madura covers an area of about 8,000 square 
miles, and contains over two millions of inhabitants. 

The Jesuits have had a mission iu Madura for more than 250 
years. In 1606, Robert De Nobilibus presented himself before 
the Brahuians of Madura claiming to be a Brahman of great puri- 
ty from the west, strengthening his declaration by a solemn 
oath. He labored in the district for about forty years, making 
with his coadjutors, many converts. After the wars between 
the French and English, the number of Roman Catholics was 
greatly diminished, being estimated in 1776, at 18,000. In 1839, 
the Romish population of the district was 25,476, and they have 
probably not' increased much since that period. 

The American Mission was commenced in July, 1S34-, per- 
mission having previously been obtained from Sir Frederick 
Adam, then Governor of Madras. The first missionaries were 
the Rev. William Todd and the Rev. Henry R. Hoisington, who 
came from Jaffna, Ceylon, with three native assistants. 

Early in 1835, the Rev. Daniel Poor, after visiting Mad uraj 
was so much impressed by the importance of the field that he 
removed permanently to this mission, and entered with enthu- 
siasm upon his new work. A large number of vernacular schools 
were soon established, and also an English school in which many 
of the present native officials of the district were educated. At 
first the teachers of the schools were idolaters, as uo others 
could be procured in the district, but the lessons were so arrang- 
ed that no heathen books could be introduced. The schools 
were generally popular, as they were greatly superior to ordin- 
ary native schools, but they were occasionally interrupted by 
absurd rumors, which were circulated respecting the object of 
the missionaries in establishing the schools. At one time it was 
said the missionaries intended to carry off the boys and sell 
them for slaves : then they were training them for sepoys : 
again, that they gave the boys " spiritual milk" some magical 
potation, to make them Christians; gradually, however, the peo- 
ple gained confidence in the missionaries. 



THE AMERICAN JJOAED. 6l 

As the first catecliists of the Mission were brought from 
Jaffna, Tanjore, etc., and, being strangers in the district, were 
not always so contented, or satisfactory as could be desired, it 
early became a matter of much importance to raise up in the 
field the helpers that were needed. Accordingly, a number of 
boarding-schools were established in different parts of the dis- 
trict, as the first step towards the desired object. Some diffi- 
culties were met at the outset, in bringing boys upon the 
mission compound, from a caste feeling, but this obstacle was 
gradually overcome, and boys of various castes were brought 
to live together in harmony* 

In 1842, the most advanced scholars in the boarding- 
school were brought together at Tirumangalam. and formed the 
commencement of a Mission Seminary. The primary object 
of this institution was the raising up of suitable mission agents. 
The course of study was at first six years. The students were 
under no obligations to enter mission service, but were free to 
choose their future occupations as they pleased. The divine 
favor was vouchsafed to the institution in a remarkable manner, 
over 200 of the students having made a profession of religion 
while in the Seminary previous to 1867^ 

Subsequently, a class was received for a shorter course, to 
be prepared for schoolmasters, and a class of catechists was af- 
terwards received to take a two years'" course, after which they 
would return to the stations from which they came. Most of the 
present native pastors of the Mission, and many of the cate- 
chists and schoolmasters, received their education in the seminary. 
In 1870, the seminary was changed into an exclusively theologi- 
cal school, but experience seems to indicate that a varied com so 
of study, including theology, is better adapted to the wants of the 
Mission than one exclusively theological. 

Although at the commencement of the Mission, vernacular 
education was considered as of so much importance, it was not, as 
an end, but as a subsidiary means of accomplishing the great 
object of the Mission, the conversion of souls, and the building, 
up of the kingdom of Christ. The schools gave the missionaries 
access to the people which they could secure in no other way, 
and each school was a preaching station, where the missionary 
Was always sure of a good uud; attentive audience of parents 



62 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

as well as children. Preaching was carried on daily in 
the villages near the different stations, and frequent tours 
were made in more remote parts of the field. In 1843, 
a new feature of the Mission's history was the application 
from communities in villages, to be received and acknowl- 
edged as Christians. The motives which prompted these 
applications were sometimes of a worldly nature the desire 
to escape from oppression or some indefinite hope of im- 
proving their temporal condition, and sometimes, ia connection 
with thiSj was an evident longing for a purer faith. What- 
ever the motive was, they placed themselves under Christ- 
ian instruction, and renounced all forms of heathenism. When 
persecution arose, some went back to their former idolatrous 
Worship, but many others proved, by their firmness under trials^ 
sometimes very severe, that they were sincere in their accept- 
ance of Christianity. The system thus inaugurated, gained 
strength from year to year, and, under the regular instruction 
imparted, with the blessing of God, some of these nominal 
Christians gave evidence that they had truly become the child^ 
ren of God. 

As the field of labor enlarged, without a corresponding 
increase of missionaries, the Mission became impressed with the 
importance of a more systematic visitation of the whole field; 
BO far as possible; and in 1863, the missionaries and helpers 
were divided into companies, each of which was to spend a 
portion of time in itinerating. In 1805, over |1,200 village's 
were visited^ and the gospel Was preached to about 60,000 hear- 
ers, and a large number of Scriptures and tracts were distribut- 
ed. Subsequent years have shown much the same result. The 
number of actual conversions in this form of labor has been 
small, yet a knowledge of truth has been spread far and wide, 
and in many cases men have been led to serious inquiry as to 
the truth of the strange doctrines brought to their hearing. 

Churches wore formed at the different stations, soon after 
the commencement of the Mission and were at first composed 
almost entirely of the native helpers. In 1843 the church 
members numbered 18 : in 1875, there were 32 churches, with 
1,880 members in good standing. Tho first native pastor was* 



THE AMERICAN BOARD. 63 

ordained on the 2.5th of March 1855 ; the number of ordained 
ministers in 1880 was 18, of whom 13 are in pastoral charge of 
native churches. A few of these pastors have had only a verna- 
cular education, but they are well versed in the sacred Scrip- 
tures. The most efficient of the whole number, are those who, 
to earnest piety, have added a good education in English, as 
well as in their native tongue. 

At first the native pastors received their entire support 
from the Mission, but at the present time they are supported 
jn whole or in part by the churches over which they have been 
placed, and in part by the Native Evangelical Society. Most 
of the native churches are progressing towards entire self- 
support. A " Church Union" has been in existence for sever- 
al years, in which the pastors and delegates from the churches 
meet for consultation and action on the interests of the churches. 
The subject of Christian benevolence is constantly kept before the 
people, and though most of them are very poor, they are increas- 
ing in their contributions from year to year. These amounted 
in 1880 to Rs. 4,868. Female education has not made much 
progress except among Christians, but at several stations 
schools for Hindu girls have been established and are fairly 
prosperous. In Madura, a desire for education has, to some 
extent, been awakened" among Hindu women of good caste, and 
there is much encouragement to labor among them, though 
there are many difficulties to be overcome. 

The question of caste, was one which was forced upon the 
attention of the Mission at a very early date. It was discour- 
aged, as far as possible, and no distinction was recognized in the 
Administration of the Lord's Supper but no other deSnite test 
of the renunciation of caste was at first proposed. In 1847, 
however, the subject became a matter of discussion throughout 
the Madras Presidency. The excitement was general in this 
district. There was no difference of opinion among the mis- 
sionaries in Madura as to the nature and evils of caste, but there 
was some as to the best method of dealing with it. It was fin- 
ally decided that a test should be proposed to all the helpers, 
and to the scholars and teachers of the Seminary. On the ap- 
plication of the test many of the helpers declined to take it and 



64 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

left the service oftho Mission, as did also most of the teachers 
and scholars of the Seminary. Many of the scholars returned, 
however, when the first excitement passed off. For a time the 
tempest, which had passed over the Mission, seemed almost to 
have lefc only a wreck behind it, but the storm had cleared the 
atmosphere, and a more healthy state of things was the result. 
The position of the Mission was distinctly understood, and though 
it may not be said that all feeling of caste has been obliterated 
from the minds of Christians, its outward manifestation in an 
offensive shape is very rare indeed. 

From a very early period the Mission has had the privi- 
lege of a missionary physician, who, in addition to the care of the 
mission families, has had considerable practice among the natives 
of the district. A dispensary was early opened in Madura, 
and subsequently in Dindigul. For seven years past Dr. Chester 
has had the care of both these dispensaries, besides the super- 
intendence of several smaller dispensaries at other stations. 
The whole number of patients treated at the two principal dis-> 
pensaries in 1880, was 39,000. 

The.e are two societies supported by the native Christians 
in connection with the Mission. The Native Evangelical Society, 
to which reference has already been made, was established 
twenty-five years ago, and uses its funds in aid of native 
churches for the support of their pastors, requiring as a condi- 
tion of its aid, that the church shall itself pay a certain portion 
of the pastor's salary. 

The Widows' Aid Society was organized in September 
1864, and has no<v nearly 160 members, with funds to the amount 
of about Rs. 10,500. 

It is only necessary to add a brief summary of the state 
of the Mission at the end of 1880 : 

Stations 11 : missionaries 12: single ladies 5 : churches 
33 : native ministers ordained 18: congregations 217, contain- 
ing 11,372 men, women and children, of whom 3,138 are able 
to read : church members in good standing 2,591 : village 
schools 160 : scholars 3,772 : contributions Rs. 4,868. 



THE AMERICAN BOARD. 65 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

BAHNF.S, A. Professed Christianity in Oct. 1840. O. Nov. 30, 1871. 
Ad. FasUmalai, Madras P. 

BUCKINGHAM, W. A. Professed Christianity July 2, 1854. O. 
March 13, 1872. Ad. Pasumalai, Madras P. 

BUUXELL, THOMAS SCOTT. B. at Chesterfield, Mass., IT. S. A., Feb. 
3, 1823. M. Feb. 4, 1847. A. at Madras, Feb. 20, 1849. Was en- 
gaged as printer of the Ceylon Mission at Jaffna, from March 6, 1849, to 
Dec. 1855. Joined the Madura Mission, and was 0. at Pasuraalai, Sept. 
10, 1856. Labored at Tirumangalam till Aug. 1857, and since then at 
Melur. W. has been chiefly ver. : some editorial work. H. to America 
from April 19, 1869, to Dec. 19, 1871. Ad. Melur, Madura, Madras P. 

CHANDLER, JOHN EDDY. B. in Woodstock, Conn , U. S. A , June 12, 
1817. E. at Yale Col., and Lane Theol. Seminary, Ohio. 0. Sept. 4, 
1846. M. before coming to I. lleached Madura in April, 1847. S. 
Shevaga, Dindigul, Battalagundu, Tirumanagalam, and Madura. W. has 
been among the heathen, as well as the care of Christian congregations : 
for several years he was the treasurer of the Mission. H. to America in 
1861, R. early in 1864, second H. in 1873. 11. in 1876- and was sta- 
tioned at (Ad.) Palani, Madura, Madras P. 

CHANDLER, JOHN SCUDDER. B. in Madura, South India, April 12, 
1849. Studied for the ministry in New Haven,. Conn., U. S A , 1870-73. 
O , May 18, 1873, as an evangelist, in the same place' 1 . M. May 21, 
1873. Was engaged in pastoral work before coming to I. A. at Mad- 
ras, Dec 4, 1873. Appointed to the charge of the Battalagundu Station 
in Aug. 1874. Engaged in Yer. work. Received the degree of M. A., 
(Yale Col.,) in July, 1873. L. "The Everlasting Way," and "The 
Children's Gracious Lord" (Tamil lyrical Tracts, compiled) ; " The Pastor's 
Manual" in Tamil (original but in connection with Rev. G T. Washburn); 
essays and a hand-bill; Tamil Christian Almanac for 1881. Tracts and 
Almanac obtainable at Madras Religious Tract and Book Depot; "Manual" 
at Madura. Ad. Battalagundu, Madura, Madras P. 

CHESTER, EDWARD, M. D. E. at Yale Col., and Union Theol. Sem., 
New York, where he graduated in 1858. 0. by the Fourth Presbytery 
of New York. Studied medicine at the New York University Medical 
Col , from the Faculty of which he received his medical degree. Came 
to I. M. : reached Madura in May, 1859. He was stationed first at Tir- 
upuvanam, but shortly afterwards removed to Dindigul, where he en- 
gaged in usual missionary and medical work. Besides the charge of the 
dispensaries at Dindigul and Madura, has under his care a large class of 
medical students. Ad., Dindigul, Madras P. 

CHRISTI.VX, D. O. Feb 2, 1860. Ad. East Karisakulam via 
Mandapasalai, Madura. Madras P. 

CLARK, ALFRED. B. near Dindigul, Sept. 1, 1834. Attended the 
Sem. at Pasumalai from 1847-54. Labored as a catechist eighteen years. 
O March 10, 1872, over the church at Pukilapatti, where he has since 
labored. Ad. Dindigul, Madura, Madras P. 

9 



66 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

COLTON, JOHN. B. at Tanjore in 1830. Removed to Madura in 
1842. Graduated from the seminary at Pasumalai October 2, 1848, and 
tor twenty-seven years was engaged as one of the teachers in the same. 
0. pastor of the church at Dindigul June 24, 1875. Has been engaged 
in compiling a Church History for mission use : has translated several 
books for the C. V. E. S. His "Manual of the Madura District" has 
passed into the second edition. Has translated or prepared for the use of 
theological students a number of brief memoirs of eminent men. Ad. 
Dindiijul, jMadras P. 

CORNELIUS, J. Professed Christianity Dec. 20,1838. O.July 14, 
1872. Ad. Madura, Madras P. 

DEVASAYAGAM, M. 0. Jan. 1877. Ad. Pommanpatti, Madura, 
Madras P. 

EAMES, M. Professed Christianity in 1846. Oct. 29,1870. Ad. 
IVest Karisakulam, via Mandapasalai, Madura, M^ndras P. 

GUTTERSON, GEORGE. H. B. in Andover. Essex Co., Mass. U. S. A. 
May 12, 1847. E. Andover Theol. Sem. : graduating in June, 1878, 
A. Mareh 4, 1879. Ad. Pasumalai, Madura, Madras P. 

HERRICK, JAMES. B. March 19, 1814. Graduated at Williams Col. 
Mass., in 1841, and after teaching for a year entered Andover, where he 
completed his studies in Sept. 1845. 0. Oct. 8th of the same year, and 
M. Nov. 2nd following. Embarked for I. Xov. 12, 1845, and reached 
Madras in March, and Madura, in April, of the next year. S. at Tiruman- 
galam. Was in charge of the seminary at Pasumalai, from Nov. 185U, to 
April, 1854. Resumed charge of the Tirumangalam .station which lie 
retained till Dec. 20, 1863. II to America in 1864. lit. in 1867, and 
was again placed in charge of the seminary, remaining there until 1870, 
,ince which time he has been stationed at Tirumangalam. Had the su- 
perintendence of the Mandapasalai Station for four years, and of the semi- 
nary at Pasumalai for two years, in addition to the labors of his own sta- 
tion. Ad. Tirumangulam, Madras P. 

HOAVLAND, WILLIAM SOVTHWORTK. B. in Jaffna, Ceylon, July 8, 
1840. (Parents, missionaries in Jaffna.) Graduated at Amherst Col. 
U. S. A , 1870 : at Andover Theol. Sem., 1873. 0. May 8, 1873. M. 
June 19,1873. A. Jan. 1, 1874. Appointed to charge of Mandapasalai 
Station, Jan. 1875. W. itinerating and preaching. A.&. Mandanasalai, 
Madura, Madras P. 

, ISAAC, SANTHAPPAX. B. in the Madura District in 1840, his parents 
embracing Christianity when lie was ten years old. Graduated at the 
Pasumalai Sem. in 1860. Labored as a catechist until 1872, when he 
took charge of the church at Kambam over which he was 0. Dec. 
11, 1872. Ad. Kambam, Madura, Madras P. 

JONES, JOHN P. B. in Denbighshore, Wales, Sept. 4, 1847. Remov- 
ed to America in 1865. E. at Western Reserve Col. and at Andover 
Theol. Sem., graduating in 1878. A. Dec. 1878. S. Madura until Sept. 
1879; since, in charge of (Ad.) Manamadura, Madura, Madras P. 

MATHTRAXAIGAM, S. Professed Christianity April 15, 1864. 0. 
Jan. 25, 1870. Ad. Pasumalai y Madura, Madras P. 



THE AMERICAN KOAED. 67 

NOTES, JOSEPH THOMAS. B. in Newburyport, Mass., IT. S. A., 
March 4, 1818. United with the Presbyterian Church in that city in 
1834. Pursued his preparatory studies at Phillips Academy. Entering 
Amherst Col. he graduated in 1845, and after studying theology for three 
years at Audover, he was ordained by the Newburyport Presbytery. M. 
and was appointed to the Ceylon Mission of the American Board, where 
he A. March 10, 1849. Was transferred to the Madura Mission in 1853, 
and stationed for one year at Tirumangalam, after which he was placed 
in charge of the Periakulam Station, where, with the exception of a visit 
to America from 1871 to 1873. he has continued to labor until the present 
time, his worK being in the ver. among the heathen, and in Christian 
congregations. Ad Periakulam, Madras P. 

PILAVENTHRTJM, D. Professed Christianity Oct. 29, 1854. 0. March 
10, 1872. Ad. Battatagundu, Madras /'. 

KENDALL, JOHN. B. near Halifax, Nova Scotia, Jan. 21, 1821, but 
removed at an early age with his father's family to Utica, New York. 
He remained there until fifteen years of age, when he went to Quincy, 
111., and entered the Mission Institute where he pursued his studies for 
nine years. M. Aug. 18, 1845 ; 0. by a council at West Boylston, Mass., 
in Sept. 1845. He joined the Madura Mission April 29, 1846, and was sta- 
tioned at Dindigul, where he continued for about three years, after which 
he was appointed secretary and treasurer of the mission, and placed in 
charge of the station at Madura. In 1867, he visited America. On the 
passage, Mrs. Kendall died suddenly from apoplexy. Mr. Kendall B. to 
Madura in 1870, accompanied by one of his daughters. He took charge 
of the station at Battalagundu until 1873, when he returned to his former 
station and duties at Madura. W. has been partly among the heathen, 
and partly the charge of Christian congregations, with the financial busi- 
ness of the Mission. Ad. Madura, Madras P. 

KOWLAND, A. G. Professed Christianity Sept. 1, 1842. 0. March 
1, 1868. Ad. Madura, Madras P. 

SAVARIMTJTTTJ, A. 0. in June 185.8 : Ad. Kodikanal, Madura, 
Madras P. 

SEYMOUR, E. 0. in June 1858 : Ad. Kombai, Madura, Madras P. 

THOMAS, MU'JTIAN. B. 1841, at Paliamputti, Madura. M. Oct. 3, 
I860. 0. Madura, March 26, 1873. Ad. Swalputti, via Muthakalatur, 
Madura, Madras P. 

TRACT, JAMES EDWARD. ( Son of Kev. W. Tracy.) B. at Pasuma- 
lai, I. July 4, 1850. Graduated at Williams Col Mass., U. S. A. in 1874 
(M. A. in 1877), and at Union Theol. Sem. in May 1877. M. Aug. 1, 
1877. A. Nov. 8. 1877. Appointed in Jan. 1878 to Tirupuvanam left 
vacant, three weeks after his arrival, by the death of his father. Ad. 
Tirupuvanam, Madura, Madras P. 

VATHAMTTTTTT, D. Professe.d Christianity Feb. 25, 1855. O. March 
10, 1872. Ad. Palani, Madura, Madras P. 

VATKANAIAGUM, G. Professed Christianity in 18:28. 0. Sept. 30, 
1863. Ad. Tirumanyalam, Madura, Madras P. 

GEORGE THOMAS. B. at Lenox, Mass., U. S ,\. 



68 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Sept. 5, 1832. Graduated at Williams Col. Mass., in 1855. Studied 
theology at Andover three years : was licensed to preach in 1858, and 
O. in March, 1859. After leaving the seminary, spent a year and-a-half 
in preaching and in charge of the Congregational Church in East Guilford, 
Vt, Married S.ept. 1, 1859. Embarked for I. Jan. 2, 1860. Reached 
Madura May 1st, of the same year, and was stationed at Batlalaguiidu, 
where he was engaged in general missionary work among the heathen 
and in charge of Christian congregations. In June, 1870, was transferred 
to Pasumalai and took charge of the theological school then vacant. In 
1872, was obliged, by severe illness, to visit America : returned in 1874. 
Has edited and published an edition of the Tamil Lyrics : is the editor 
of an Anglo-vernacular Christian mission newspaper, the " Satthiavarta- 
mani" (True News). Ad, Pasumalai, Madras P. 

WILLIAMS, C. 0. Dec. 8 1858. Ad. Periakutam, Madura, Ma- 
drqs P. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

James R. Eckard. Originally appointed to the Ceylon Mission, 
Removed to Madura in Feb. 1835, where he remained until the middle 
of 1837, when he R. to Ceylon: In 1843 R. to America where he con- 
tinued to labor as a pastor and College Professor. 

Alanson C. Hall. Entered the Mission Oct. 18, 1835, but remained 
only till Sept. 1836, when he R. to America. 

Ferdinand D. W. Ward, D. D. B. in Rochester, X. Y., U. S. A. 
E. in Union Col. After pursuing the usual course of Theol. study, he 
offered himself to the Board and joined the company which sailed from 
Boston Nov. 23, 183Q. He reached Madras the 21st ot March following, 
and after remaining there for several months proceeded to Madura, Oct. 
9, 1837. He continued in connection with the Madura Mission until 
early in 1843, when he was transferred to Madras where ho continued 
to labor until 1846, when he R. to America. While in Madura he pre- 
pared with the aid of Mjr. Lawrence a work on the " Parables of Christ," 
which was subsequently published. He also prepared and published in 
Madras, some smaller books which are now out of print. Since his re- 
turn to America, Dr. Ward has been engaged in teaching and pastoral 
"labor, and during the war of the Rebellion he served for some time as a 
chaplain ip the northern army. 

Henry Cherry. Studied theology at Lane Seminar}', Ohio, L~. S. A. 
Reached Madras March 21, 1837, but instead of going to Madura sailed 
for Ceylon. R. to the continent and was stationed at Shevaganga, and 
afterwards at Madura. In 185Q R. to America and became disconnected 
with the Board. 

Edward Cope. A. Madura May 10, 1837, and was stationed for a 
short time at Shevaganga. As the health of both Mr. and Mrs. Cope 
was feeble, they took a change to Ceylon in Jan. 184Q, where they re- 
mained until 1849 when they R. to America. 

Edward Webb. B. in Yarmouth, England. At a very early age 



THE AMERICAN BOARD. 69 

ho went as a missionary to Australia. After a short residence there, ho 
went to America and entered the Andover Sem. where ho pursued the 
usual course of theol. study. After his ordination ho was married and 
sailed for India in company with Messrs. Herrick, Kendall and others, 
and reached Madura, April '29, 1846. S. Shcvaganga and Dindigul. 
While at Dindigul he compiled a volume of Tamil Lyrics, which has 
been republished with some additions and is in use by Tamil Christians 
throughout Southern India. He also edited the ' Tamil Repository" 
which contained much valuable matter on natural science, ecclesiastical 
history, etc-. He revisited America for his health, which failed again 
soon after his return ; and ho was obliged to leave the mission field and 
return to America. 

George W. McMillan. Joined the Mission in July, 1846, and re- 
mained until Xov. 1854, when he 11. to America. S. Dindigul. He 
published a small work in Tamil, on " The Doctrines of Romanism," 
which is now out of print. 

George Ford. Was a graduate of Harvard University. U. S. A., 
and studied theology at Andover. Reached Madura in April, 1847, and 
was stationed at Periakulam and afterwards atTirumangalam, where he 
remained until 1853, when he R. to America. Labored for some time as 
pastor in Falmouth, Mass., and afterwards as missionary among the In- 
dians in the western part of New York. 

Charles Little. B. in Colombia, Conn., U. S. A. Graduated at 
Yale College, and also pursued the usual Theol. course : reached Madura 
in May, 1848. In 1854, he visited America, and 11. to the Mission the 
same year. S. Tirumangalam and then Tirupuvanam where he continu- 
ed until sickness compelled his return to his native land in 1859. He 
has since been engaged in various pastoral and editorial labors. 

Charles T. White. Reached Madura, April 4, 1857, and was sta- 
tioned at Palani. On account of Mrs. White's feeble health, he 11. with 
his family to America in 1869 and left the service of the Board. 

Hervey C Hazen. Joined the Mission in Jan. 1868. He was sta- 
tioned at Palani and entered with /eal upon the study of the language, 
but on account of the severe illness of Mrs. Hazen he was reluctantly 
compelled to leave I. which he did in the year following his arrival. 

Henry K. Palmer, M D. At the outbreak of the recent war in 
America joined the arm}', remained in it till the close of the war, at first 
as a private soldier, then as a medical assistant, and afterwards as assist- 
ant surgeon. When his health was sufficiently restored after the war, ho 
ottered his services to the American Board, and was sent out, in 18G9, as 
physician to the Madura Mission. His health proved unequal to the 
stress laid upon it, and after trying various changes in the country, he 
left I. in 1874, hoping to recover his strength by a visit to America. 

DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Daniel Poor, D. 1). B. in Danvers, Mass., U. S. A., June 27, 17^9. 
.He was hopefully converted when he was ten years of age, and soon after 



yo INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRKCTORY. 

joined the church. From a very early period he was deeply interested 
in the cause of missions. After pursuing his preparatory studies in Phil- 
ip's Academy, Andover, he entered Dartmouth Col. He pursued his 
theol. studies in the Sem. at, Andover and on the 21st of June, 1815, 
was 0. with several others in the Presbyterian Church in Newbury- 
port. On the 23rd of October he sailed from Newburyport for Cey- 
lon in company with Messrs. Richards, AVarren, Bardwell and Meigs, 
where they arrived March 22, 1816. He commenced his labor in Tilli- 
pally and remained there until July, 1823, when he took charge of the 
Mission Seminary at Batticotta, where he continued to labor until his 
removal early in 1836, to Madura, to assist in the new mission there. 
He became deeply interested in the education of the people, and estab- 
lished a large number of schools in the city of Madura, which he visited 
daily, always preaching to the crowds which gathered around him on 
these occasions. In 1841, he returned to Jaffna and re-occupied his first 
station at Tillipally. D. of cholera at Manippay, February 3, 1855. 

Henry R. Hoisington. Became connected with the Ceylon Mission 
Oct. 28, 1833. In July of the following year, in connection with the 
Rev. William Todd, he commenced the Madura Mission, where he remain- 
ed until Feb., 1835, when he returned to Jaffna. On the removal of 
Dr. Poor to Madura, he became Principal of the Mission Seminary at 
Batticotta which he conducted with much efficiency. He published 
several valuable WOI-KS, one of them on Hindu astronomy. Some trans- 
lations of Hindu philosophical works made by him, were published in the 
Journal of the American Oriental Society. His health failing, he R. to 
America in 1850, and engaged in pastoral labor in different places. He 
D. in the work, having been stricken down in the pulpit by an attack of 
paralysis from which he did not recover, He was a graduate of Williams 
Col. and of Andover Sem., Mass. 

William Todd, Joined the Ceylon Mission at the same time with 
Mr. Hoisington, and with him commenced the Madura Mission, July 31, 
1834. After laboring for some time in the city of Madura, he commenc- 
ed a station at Sbevaganga. His labors were often interrupted by ill 
health and early in 1839, he R. to America, where he labored for many 
years as a faithful home missionary. He retained to the last his deep 
interest in the foreign mission work, and died in Madura, Kansas, having 
given to the new to\vn where he labored, the name of his much lovel 
mission field. 

John Jay Lawrence. A graduate of Union Col. and Andover Theol. 
Sem. He was appointed to the Jaffna Mission arid became connected 
with the Madura Mission, October 18, 1835. 

He was subsequently stationed at Dindigul, where he labored until 1817. 
D. at Tranquebar, on his way to America- 
Robert 0. Dwight. B. in Northampton, Mass., IT. S. A., Oct. 31, 
1802. In his early years he was engaged in mercantile business in Boston, 
and subseqently in Xew York. On giving up his business in Xew York, 
he determined to carry out a long cherished plan of studying for the gos- 
pel ministry. He studied theology in Andover. He sailed from N 



THE AMERICAN BOAlW. 71 

Castle, Delaware, Nov. 1835, in company with the 3 lev. Dr. Win slow, 
and also several missionaries for Northern India. He arrived in Madura, 
April 22, 1836, and Avas shortly afterwards stationed at Dindigul. Oil 
Dr. Poor's return to Jaffna, Mr Dwight removed to Madura, where he 
labored diligently until his death (by cholera) Jan. 8, 1844 

John Steele, M. D. B. Aug. 19, 1804, at Hebron, N Y.. II. S. A- 
At the age of 20, he united with the church in his native place. After 
studying medicine in Hebron, he received the degree of M. D., from the 
Vermont Academy of Medicine After practicing in Hebron for several 
years, his failing health compelled him to relinquish his practice and he 
engaged in business as a druggist in Auburn. In Feb 1836, his health 
having been much improved, he offered himself to the Board as a mis- 
sionary physician and sailed from Boston for Madras, Nov. 23, 1836. 
Owing to fatigue and exposure on the journey to Madras, he took a severe 
cold which finally assumed the form of pulmonary consumption. In com- 
pliance with medical advice he went to Jaffna, Ceylon, and from thence to 
Singapore, deriving some benefit from the voyage, which however, was 
not permanent. He was able to attend to his duties, to the families of 
the Mission, and also to his practice among the natives, but in March, 
1842. his health began to fail rapidly until Oct. Gth, when he peacefully 
entered into rest. 

William Tracy, D.D. B. in Norwich, Conn., U. S. A., June 2, 1807. 
Pursued his studies in Williams Col. Mass., and in the Theol. Sem at 
Andover, Mass , and Princeton N. J. 0. at Philadelphia, and sailed from 
Boston Nov. 23,1836, A. in Madras March 21, 1837. Remained in 
Madras until Sept and reached Madura on the 9th of Oct. of the same 
year. Commenced a new station at Tirumangalam in connection with 
the Rev. Mr. Muzzy. Removed with the Mission Sem to Pasumalai 
Sept. 1, 1845, and continued in charge of the Sem. until 1867, with the 
exception of three years, spent on a visit to America from which he It. 
in 1854. Revisited America in 1867, and R. in 1870, taking charge of 
the station at Tirupuvanam. For twenty-five years was engaged in edu- 
cational work as principal of the Sem., which was established for the 
education of native pastors, catechists and schoolmasters : was engaged 
for eight years on the committee for the revision of the Tamil Bible. 
Prepared and published a work on Theology (mostly a translation from an 
American work) which is still used in the instruction of the Mission help- 
ers. Received the honorary degree of D. D. from Western Univ., 
Pittsburg, Pa. in 1870. D. at Tirupuvanam, Nov. 28, 1877. 

Clarendon F. Muz/y A graduate of Middlebury Col., Tt., and of 
Andover Sem. He joined the Mission in Madura May 10, 1837, and 
was stationed at Tirumangalam. He was subseqently stationed at Tir- 
upuvanam and Madura, and afterwards commenced a new station at Me- 
lur. Partly on account of his own health, and partly to provide for his 
children, he left the Mission and R. to America in 1857. Afterwards 
labored for several years as missionary among the small remnant of 
Mohegan Indians near Norwich, Conn D. at Amhcrst, U. S. A , Jan. 
4, 1878. 



72 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Nathaniel M. Crane Sailed from Boston, Nov 2o, 133G: reach- 
ed Madura May 18, 1837 He commenced a new mission at Tirupin a- 
nam, where he remained several years, when he was transferred to Madura. 
R. to America as the only means of saving his life. D. in America after 
several years of labor. 

Alfred North, Esq. Came to Singapore ns a printer, and when that 
field was relinquished by the Board, he proceeded to Madura as an assist- 
ant missionary, Jan. 1, 1844. Remained in the Mission until 1847, 
when he returned to America. Afterwards studied Theology at Auburn, 
N.V.. and being () , labored as a home missionary until his death. 

Horace S. Taylor. E. at the Western Reserve Col. Hudson, Ohio. 
O. and appointed to the Madura Mission, which he reached Oct. 10, 1844. 
Was at first stationed at Tirupuvanarn. In 1850, he commenced a new 
station at Mandapasalai, where, with the exception of a visit to America, 
he continued to labor until his death, which occurred Feb. 3, 1871. 

Charles S. Shelton, M.D. Received his appointment as physician 
to the Madura Mission, which he joined March 23, 1849. He was en- 
gaged in good practice as a physician, but when the want of a doctor at 
Madura was brought to his notice he offered his services to the American 
Board. Before leaving for India he was licensed to preach the gospel. 
In 1856, owing to continued ill health, he returned to America and resign- 
ed the service of the Board. D in Jersey City, U. S. A , May 21, 1879. 

Nathan L Lord, M. D. Obtained his collegiate education at the 
Western Reserve Col. Hudson, Ohio, U. S A , of which List, he after- 
wards became the very successful agent. He joined the Ceylon Mission 
in 1853, and removed to Madura in 1863 where he labored until March 
18G7. when owing to ill health he R to America and soon afterwards D. 

David Coit Scudder. B. in Boston, Mass , U. S. A. He graduated 
at Williams Col and at Andovcr. Reached Madura in July, 1861. and 
was stationed at Periakulam. Returning from a visit- to one of his vill- 
ages, he attempted to swim a stream, swollen by a sudden flood, and 
was drowned Nov. 19, 1862. His body was recovered after several days' 
search and was buried at Kodikanal on the Palani Mountains. 

Thornton 13. Penfield. E. at Oberlin Sem and went to the island of 
Jamaica as a missionary to the freed blacks. He R. to America on ac- 
count of the illness of his wife, who shortly afterwards died. He was 
subsequently married and with his wife reached the Madura Mission in 
May, 1867. He was stationed, first at Tirupuvanam, and afterwards at 
Periakulam. D. at Pasumalai, Aug 19, 1871. 

William Bunfield Capron. B. April 14, 1824, at Uxbridge, Mass. 
T. S. A. 0. Sept. 1856 M. Oct. 1, 1856. A. at Madras, March, 7, 
1857. S. Manainadura, (residing in Madura four years and Tirupuvaaam 
three years): H. to America May, 1872 to Dec. 1874. D. Oct. G, 1875. 
Marshall R. Peck. A. in Madras Dec. G, 1875. Left I. April 27, 
1876 : D. at Brookfield, Yt,. U. S. A., Aug. 7, 1*76. 



CHAPTER V. 
MISSIONARY SOCIETIES OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. 

BEFORE proceeding with this chapter it is but proper to 
remark that the Church of England, through her chaplains and 
other representatives besides regularly constituted missionaries, 
has rendered very great assistance ! o the cause of Protestant 
Missions in India. The chaplains of Calcutta at the close of 
the last and beginning of the present century " strove labori- 
ously and long to establish a mission, not for Calcutta merely, 
but also for the whole of Bengal." Those of Madras and other 
stations in South India were equally zealous. Bishop Heber 
delighted in calling himself " the chief missionary in India/' 
As the author of " Protestant Missions in India" very truly and 
gratefully re arks. " All the Bishops of Calcutta, without a 
single exception, though some more thau others, have exhibited 
their interest in this work ; and while preferring, as was natural, 
their own ecclesiastical organizations, have, in a true spirit of 
catholicity, extended the right hand of Christian fellowship 
to missionaries of all denominations. They have been missionary 
Bishops; and, in their day and generation, have been a 
spiritual power in the land. Who is there who does not thank 
God for the earnestness of Middleton, the devoutuess of Heber, 
the practical sense and shrewdness of Wilson, the sweetness and 
large-heartedness of Cotton? Who is there who does not 
thank God likewise for the calm wisdom of David Brown, the 
high enthusiasm of Buchanan, the fiery zeal of Henry Martyn, 
the unwearied energy of Thouiason, the love and labor of 
Come and of Dealtry, the sagacity and self-sacrifice of Pratt, 
who while discharging faithfully their important duties as 
chaplains, devoted themselves assiduously to the evangelisation 
of the hfathen around them? May successors to such apostolic 
men ever be found in the English Church in India!" 

The name of Henry Martyn should not be passed with- 
out some further mention. This devoted servant of God 
arrived in India in 1806. He at once engaged in, studying 

10 



74 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Persian, Sanskrit, and other languages, and in translating the 
New Testament into Hindustani. His first station was Dinapore, 
where he opened schools and continued his translations. Com- 
pleting the Hindustani translation in 1807, he began the Per- 
sian, and, in 1809, the Arabic. From Dinapore he proceeded to 
Cawnpore, but in 1810 he returned to Calcutta and on account 
of failing health was obliged to leave India. This he did in 
January, 1811, bound for Shiraz, where he remodelled and 
completed his Persian Testament. He thence proceeded to 
Tebriz near the Caspian Sea. Shattered in health he determined 
to return to England by way of Constantinople, and commenced 
his long journey. He travelled about 600 miles to Tohat, 250 
miles from Constantinople. Unable to go further he died there 
on the 16th of October, 1812, at the early age of thirty-one. 



I. CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THIS Society was instituted in London in the month of 
April, 1799. It was originally designed to operate "in Africa 
and the East," but has extended its operations beyond these 
bounds. In 1807 the Society made a grant of 150 for 
missionary work in India and sent the same to the Rev. Messrs. 
Brown and Buchanan and Mr. Udny, of Calcutta where it was 
appropriated to the translation of the Scriptures into the Eastern 
languages. Grants were $ Iso made in behalf of the schools 
in Tranquebar. A Corresponding Committee of the persons 
just named was formed in Calcutta in 1814. From these 
beginnings a great work has grown up, whichmay be best 
sketched by considering each Presidency separately. 

I. MADEAS PRESIDENCY. In 1814, the Society with the 
consent and approval of the College at Copenhagen sent out 
two missionaries to Tranquebar, the Rev. Messrs. Schnarre and 
Rhenius. Their stay in Tranquebar was short as the Society 
had decided to establish a mission of its own in Madras, 
whither they proceeded in January, 1815. Schnarre soon after 
returned to the languishing mission at Tranquebar : Rhenius 
continued to labor at Madras until 1820, when he was trans- 
ferred. Other missionaries had arrived in the interval and 
the progress of the mission in Madras has been steady and 



OHURCB MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 75 

solid. Meanwhile the Danish mission in Tinnevelly, having 
been virtually abandoned on account of the scarcity of la- 
borers, was transferred in 1817 to the Church Society, main- 
ly through the efforts of the Rev. Mr. Hough. This energetic 
chaplain entered heartily into missionary work ; he purchased 
land and erected buildings at Palatncottah, a station which, 
afterwards became the head-quarters of the Society's Tinue- 
velly missions. Here Rhenius and the Rev. Mr. Schmid began 
laboring in 1820, with what measure of success may be seen 
from the fact that by 1825 there had been an increase of 4,300 
converts. During the next five years there was a proportionate 
increase, the total number of Christians in 1830 being 7,500. 
About 1830, the province was divided into ten missionary dis- 
tricts and the work was energetically carried forward. In 1835, 
the Christian community consisted of 11,000 persons. In the 
same year on account of ecclesiastical difficulties Rhenius and 
others separated from the Society aud a sad controversy follow- 
ed. Rhenius organized a new Society; but died in 1838, aud 
in 1839-40, the separated congregations re-uuited with the 
Society. By this time the number of Christians had increased 
to 17,000. 

During the past twenty years, and especially in the past 
decade the progress in Tinnevelly has been most encouraging. 
In 1878, there were 58 Native clergymen compared with 9 in 
1858, and 53,536 Native Christians, compared with 28,151. 
There was a large ingathering during the jecent Famine, 
1877-78. 

On the llth of March, 1877, the Rev. B. Sargent, a mis- 
sionary of long experience, was consecrated as Suffragan Bishop 
or coadjutor to the Bishop of Madras. 

In the year 1816, the Society sent out the Rev. Messrs. 
Bailey, Baker and Feun, with the ooject of imparting instruc- 
tion to the Christians of the Syrian faith in Travancore. These 
missionaries carried out the wishes of the Society and formed 
a kind of union between their own and the Syrian Church. 
The scheme worked well and these happy relations continued 
between the two bodies from 1816 to 1838, when the union 
was dissolved by the Syrians. Several new stations were at 
once opened by the Church missionaries ; at Cottayam, Have- 



76 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

likara ; and in 1841, at Tricboor. Gradually other stations 
were formed both in Travancore and Cochin. The missions 
thus established have been very successful. 

In 1873 a notable revival occurred in which thousands of 
persons were influenced for good. In the years 1858-78 the 
Native Christian community increased from 5,899 to 17,564. 
On the 25th of July 1879, the Rev. J. M. Speedily, who 
had been many years in charge at 0- ttayarn, was consecrated 
Bishop of Travancore and Cochin. 

In 1841, mission work was begun at Masulipatam, in the 
Kistna district, to the north of the Kistna river. In 1854, 
Ellore was occupied, in 1858 Bezwada, and in 1859, Dumma- 
gudem. Since 1861, there has been a great increase of con- 
verts in this field. 

II. BENGAL PRESIDENCY. In the year 1815 the Corres- 
ponding Committee established a school at Kidderpore in the 
suburbs of Calcutta find another at Dum Dam. The first 
missionaries sent by the Society to Bengal were the Rev. Messrs. 
Greenwood and Schroeter, who reached Calcutta in June, 1816. 
The former engaged in educational work, and the latter proceeded 
to a station bordering on Thibet where he labored four years and 
died. Early attention was given to schools in Calcutta, and 
especially among girls. In 1819 a printing-press was sent out 
from England to the mission, and in 1822 Mr. Browne arrived 
as p. inter, but died soon after. The press did effectual work, 
until 1843, when it was sold. In September, 1823, a Church 
Missionary Association was formed which has labored chiefly in 
establishing scnools and erecting chapels. In 1824, the " Ladies" 
Society for Native Female Education'' was established with 
the patronage of the Marchioness of Hastings. In 1825, Abdul 
Masih, who had been baptized in 1811, was ordained by Bishop 
Heber, as was also the Rev. Mr. Bowley afterwards so zealous 
in preaching. The death of Bishop Heber, in 1827, was an 
afflictive event to the Calcutta mission. For several years it 
had comparatively few laborers, but of late years this has been 
bettered. In 1865, the Cathedral Mission College was established. 

In 18i6, educational work was begun at Buidwan, but the 
first missioLary did not arrive until 1820. In 1831, the Rev. 
J. J. Weitbrecht was appointed to the station where he labored 



CRUECH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 77 

many years. A Christian colony was early founded and schools 
established. Orphanages were also formed. 

In 1817, the Rev. D. Corrie was apoointed chaplain at 
Benares, and in the following year secured the transfer to the 
Society of the Jay Narain School, which afterwards developed 
into a large and flourishing college, called after the name of its 
founder, a wealthy RHJHU. The first missionary, the Rev. T. 
Morris, arrived in 1821. The work has since been steadily 
carried forward by the Rev. Messrs. Smith, Leupolt and others. 
The mission has at present extensive schools, a normal institution, 
two Christian villages and two native churches. 

Mr. Corrie, who was stationed at Chunar in 1807, took an 
active interest in missionary efforts and presented the Church 
Society with premises in that station. Mr. Bowley removed to 
the place in 1815, and continued to labor there both before and 
after his ordination. In 1819, Mr. Greenwood arrived from 
Calcutta, being the first missionary appointed to the station. 

In 1823, work was opened in Goruckpore. This contains at 
present an orphanage, a flourishing high-school and a large 
Christian village. Calna was occupied in 1825, but was made 
over to the Church of Scotland in 1842. 

In 1816, the Rev. H. Fisher while chaplain at Meerut 
baptized the celebrated Anand Masih who afterwards labored 
effectually both at this place and at Delhi. In 1828, the first 
missionary, the Rev. Mr. Richards, was appointed here. 

In 1831, the Society formed a mission at Krishnaghar : the 
first missionary, the Rev. Mr. Deer, arrived the following year. 
About 1838, a remarkable movement towards Christianity took 
place among the natives, and within the course of a few months 
about 3,000 persons embraced Christianity. In the year 1831, 
work was also begun at Azimgurh. 

As early as 1812, missionary operations were begun at 
Agra by Mr. Corrie. He was assisted by Abdul Masih, who con- 
tinued in charge of the work after his departure to England. 
In 1839, the Rev. T. Hoernle, the first missionary, arrived. A 
Native Church has been raised up and a well known institution 
of learning, St. John's College, established. In 1839, im- 
mediately after the great famine in North India, a large Orphan- 
age was founded at Secundra near Agra. A printing-press was 



78 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

established in connection with the Orphanage in 1840: and in 
1812 a church was built at Secundra : The following stations were 
occupied in the ovrlev mentioned: Bhagalpur, 1850; Jubbulpore 
1854: Muttra, 1856: Lucknow, 1858: Allahabad, 1859 : Fyza- 
bad, 1862: Aligarh, 1864. 

In the year 1843, the Society commenced a mission station 
at Kotgarh in the Himalayas. Schools were established and the 
gospel preached. Kangra, north-west of Kotgarh, was occupied 
in 1854. Other stations in the Punjab were taken up about 
this time : Amritsar, in 1852 : Peshawar and Mooltan, 1855 : Dera 
Ismail Khan, 1861 : Sriuagar in Cashmere (where a most inter- 
esting medical mission has been carried on by the lamented Dr. 
Elmslie, and his successors Drs. Maxwell and Downes), in 1863; 
and Lahore in 1867. 

In 1862, the Society began its missions among the Santals 
being the first to enter this interesting field. It has numerous 
stations which have many schools connected with them, and also 
a training institution. Taljhari is the headquarters of the 
Mission. 

III. BOMBAY PRESIDENCY. The Society commenced its 
operations in the city of Bombay in 1818, when a Corresponding 
Committee was formed. The first missionary, the Rev. R. Kenney, 
was sent out in 1820. He organized schools, and preached in 
the city. An educational institution, the Robert Money School, 
is located here. Nasik was occupied as a mission station in 1832. 
For many years, but slow progress was made, but, after the 
establishment of an industrial school, affairs assumed a hotter shape, 
and converts were multiplied. Junir was taken upas a field of 
labor in 1846; and Mulligaum in 1848. Mission work was begun 
at Kurrachee in Scindh in 1850, and at Hyderabad in 1857 ; at 
Aurungabad in 1860, and at Buldana in 1868. 

Including missionaries at home, the Society has at present 
in connection with its missions in India, 210 missionaries. The 
following statistics for 1880 show the increase since 1871: 
European missionaries, ... 103 increase I 

Native ordained agents, ... 107 do. 40 

Native Christians, ... 75,677 do. 6,663 

Communicants, ... 17,294 do. 4,188 



CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 79 

MISSIONARY BISHOP. 

The Right Rev. Bishop (Edward) Sargent, D.D. Educated at Is- 
lington College. Arrived in India in 1842. Labored many years in 
Tinnevelly, specially at Palamcottah. Author of " A Commentary on the 
Gospels and Acts," Tamil translation of Paley's Evidences, Elements of 
Natural Philosophy, Ancient History of Egypt, etc. March 11, 1877, 
consecrated, at Calcutta, Suffragan Bishop, Co-adjutor to the Bishop of 
Madras. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ABEL, FREDERICK. B. at Agra about 1825. 0. in Jan. 1866 : S. 
Meerut, Goruckpore, Fyzabad. M. Dec. 4, 1846. Ad. Fyzabad, Uudh. 

ABRAHAM, D. 0. 1876. Ad. Madathupatti, Madras P. 

ABRAHAM, VEDAMUTTU. B. Nov. 1842. 0. D. Jan. 3, 1876, 0. P. 
Jan. 11, 1880. Ad. Santhapuram, Madras P. 

ALEXANDER, FREDERICK WILLIAM NASSAU. B. at Dublin, Aug. 20, 
1832. 0. D 1855, 0. P. 1857. M. in May, 1857. A. in Sept. 1857. 
S. Ellore : W. ver. as pastor and evangelist. One of the delegates for 
translating the book of Common Prayer into Telugu. H. to Eng. from 
Sept. 1869, to March, 1872 ; to Melbourne from July to Nov. 1875. Ad. 
Ellore, Madras P. 

ALI, JANI. B. Hydrabad, Deccan. 0. D. May 27, 1877. 0. P. 
Dec. 22, 1878. E. at Noble High School, Masulipatam and Christ Col. Cam- 
bridge (B.A.) Rt. from Eng. Nov. 29. 1877. Ad. Girgaum, Bombay. 

ARDEN, ALBERT HENRY. B. May 5, 1841, at Longcrofts Hall, Staf- 
fordshire. M. A. Christ Col. Camb. O. D. by Bp. of Lichfield, 1864 ; 
0. P. by Bp. of Madras, 1866. A. 1864. S. missionary in Telugu count- 
ry, 1864-73 ; vicar of All Saints Sudbury, Suffolk, 1873-75 ; incumbent 
of Newhall, Derbyshire, 1875-77 ; Sec. C. M. S. Madras, since 1878. L. 
" A Progressive Telugu Grammar," Companion " Telugu Reader :" Trub- 
ner and Co. Lon., and S. P. C. K. Depot, Madras. Ad. Jigmore, Madras, 

ARVLANANTHAM, D. B, in 1831 : 0. 1876. Ad. Piragasapuram. 
Madras P. 

ARUMANAYAGAM, G. B. 1824 : 0. 1876 : Ad. Sathianagaram, 
Madras P. 

ARUMANATAGAM, P. B. 1822 : 0. 1859 : Ad. Asinathapuram, 
Madras P. 

ASIRVADHAM, ADiTHASAN. .B. March 15, 1835 in Tinnevelly : 0. 
D. Oct. 11, 1874, 0. P. Jan. 31, 1876 : W. Native Pastor : Ad. Pa- 
lamcottah, Tinnevelly^ Madras P, 

ASIRVADHAM, S. Ad. Parapadi, Madras P. 

BAILEY, ARTHUR. A. 1877. Ad. Dera Ismail Khan, Punjab. 

BAKER, WILLIAM GEORGE. A. 1873. Ad. eztvara, Madras P. 

BALL, A, E. A. 1880. Ad. Kurrachce, Scindh. 



80 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

BALWAXT, SKANKAR. Ad. Nasik, Bombay P. 
BAMBORB, J. Ad. 1880. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab. 
BAMBRIDGE, JOHN. A. 1877. Ad Kurrachee, Scindh. 
BAPAJI, APAJI. Ad. Bombay - 

BATEMAX, HOWLAND. A. 1868. Ad. Kanyra, Punjab. 
BAUMANN, AUGUST us WILLIAM. O 1876. Ad. Go<idn, Bengal. 
BAUMANX, CHARLES A. 1868. A<1. Calcutta. 
BELL, R. J. Ad. Calcutta. 

BISHOP, JOHN HUNTER. B at Ostent, Belgium, March 23, 1844 : 0. 
in June, 1867 : A. Dec. 1867. M. Dec. 1868. (Ad). Trichur, Travan- 
eore. 

BISWAS, MATTHEW SARTHOK. B. in 183-7' at (Joiigra. Xadiya. 0. D. 
in 1872, 0. P. in 1879 : W. Native Pastor : Ad Ratanpur, Nadiya, 
Bengal. 

BISWAS, MULAM. Ad. Kislapur. Bengal. 
BI.AICH, J. A. 1877. Ad. Hiranpur, Bengal. 

BLACKETT, W. B. B in Eng. 0. D I860, O. P. 1861. A. 
Nov. 1876. S. Principal, Cathedral Divinity Col. C. M. 8. Carried 
on C. M. S. Theol. class at Krishnaghar 1878-79, and at Christ Church, 
Calcutta, 1880. L. Sunday Magazine Articles ; Pamphlets, &c. Ad. 
Calcutta. 

BLUMHARDT, EDWARD KEENE. A. 1871. Ad. Bardu-an, Bengal. 
BOSE, 11 A J KISTO. Ad. Thakurpitkar, Bcnijal. 
BOWER, FREDERICK. A. 1867. Ad. JIavetikara, Tracancore. 
BRIGGS, WILLIAM. B. Bingley, Yorkshire, Eng. Xov. 16, 1837. A. 
Jan. 4, 1858. W. Educational. S. Multan. L. Author of several Urdu 
tracts, " Muhabbat nsima ;'' " El< Tamsil" &c. Ad. Malta n, Punjab. 

BBOWN JAMES. B. at Thorndon. Suffolk, Eeb. 2, 1844. Entered 
Islington Col. in 1866. A 1868. 0. D.' in Dec. 1870 ; O.P. in Jan. 1873. 
Ad. Taljhari, Bcnyal. 

CAIN, JOHN. A. in 1869. S. Duniugudiem, H. to Eng in May, 1880. 
CALEY, JOHN. A. in 1871. Now in Europe. 

CARSS, THOMAS C. A. 1862. Principal Robert Money School. Ad. 
Bombay. 

CHAMPION, ELIAS. A. in 1858. Ad. Jubbulpur, C. P. 
CHANDY, JACOB B. Xov. 4, 1852. O. D. Xov. 21, 1875, O. P. March 
9, 1879. AV. Xative Pastor. Ad. Trie/mi; Travancorc. 

CLARK, KOBERT. M A. Trinity Col. Cam. 0. D. 1850, U. P. 1851, 
A. 1851. 8. Amritsar, 1851, Peshawar, 1854. H. 1857, Peshawar, 1858, 
Cashmire, 1864, Amritsar, 1864. H. 1869. Lahore, 1870, Amritsar, 
1872, H. 1876. Amritsar, 1876. H. 1879. Amritsar, 1880. Sec. Pun- 
jab Bible and Rel. Book Socy., 1871 : Sec, Cor. Com. C. M. S. Punjab 
and Sindh. 1878 : Sec. Ch. of Eng. Zenana Missy. Socy. 1880 L. Trans- 
lated St John's Gospel (Pushtu) ; joint editor of Commentaries on St. 
Matthew and the Acts, of the Apostles, with the liev. Imad-ud-Din (Per- 
sian Urdu) : Rel. Book Socy. Lahore. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab. 
Ci A KK, "WILLIAM. A. 1848. Ad. Allepie, Travancore. 
CLAYTON, WALTER. A. in 1869. S. Masulipatam. NOIL- in Europe. 



CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 8 1 

CLIFFORD, ALFRED. B. in Eng. Nov. 12, 18 19. 0. D. 1872. O. P. 
1874. A. Nov. 1874. S. 1874-78, Calcutta, 1879-80, Krishnaghar, 18SO 
to present, Calcutta and Agarpara, H. Dec. 1878 to Oct. 1879. Ad. 
Cornwallis Square, Calcutta. 

COLE, FREDERIC THOMAS. B. at Dedham, Essex, in 1848. O. by the 
Bishop of Lon. Dec. 21, 1871. A. April, 1872. S. St. John's Col. 
Agra: Santbalistan. M. in 1875. Has prepared a few school books in 
Santhali. Ad. Taljhari, BenyaL 

COOKSLET, MANUEL HENRY. B. May 26, 1845. O. D. Sept. 22, 
1878, 0. P. Jan. 11, 1880. W. Native Pastor L. Four original tracts 
in Tamil. Ad. Mengnanapuram, Madras P. 

CUREAN, GEORGE. 0. 1856. Ad. Thalaivady, Travancore. 

CUREAN, P. MATTHEW. 0. 1872. Ad. Trichoor, Travancore.. 

DATTBLE, CARL GUSTAV. A. 1857. S. Lucknow. Now in Europe. 

DAVID, JOSEPH. B. July 18, 1834 in Tinnevelly. 0. D. Jan. 31, 
1869, 0. P. Dec. 24, 1872: W. Native Pastor: L. Translated into 
Tamil, " The Angel's Message," and " Tales for young Protestants ; " 
has written several tracts. Ad. Mengnanapuram, Tinnevelly, Madras P. 

DAVID, P. B. 1840. 0. 1876. Ad Dohnavur, Madras P. 

DAVIS, BROCKLESBY. B. at Homerton, Hackney, Lon. E., at Cam- 
bridge : B. A. in 1849 : M. A. 1852. 0. D. by the Bishop of Ely in. 
1850,0. P. 1854. A. in Nov. 1859. S. Benares, 1859-61, Allahabad, 
1861-78, since, Benares. W. Ver. preaching ; itinerating: college work 
at St. Peter's Col., Allahabad; from 1861-70, Secretary N. I. T. Society. 
H. two-and-half years from 1870. L. (1) Aqaid t Faraiz (translation of 
Faith and Duty of Christians), in Urdu : obtainable at the North India 
branch of the C. K. S., Banda. (2) Almanac in Hindee : 1868 ; North 
India Tract Society. (3) A Sermon preached at the Jubbulpur Annual 
Conference : C. M. S. Allahabad. (4) Reportsof North India Tract So- 
ciety, 1861-70. M. Ad. Benares. 

DEIMLER, JOHAXN GOTTFRIED. B. Windstein, Germany, April 2, 1826. 
O. D. June 11, 1854, O. P. May 1, 1856. A. Feb. 9, 1855. Trans- 
ferred to East Africa in 1856. Re-appointed to I. in 1858, S. Bombay. 
H. from 1857-58, 1868-70, 1878-80: L. Translation of " The Heart- 
book," Aina e Dil, ( Book Society, Punjab), and il The Judgment" Insaf 
ul Qiyumat, (Tract Society Bombay). Ad. Girgaum, Bombay. 

DEVAPRASADHAM, D. 0. 1865. Ad. Strivilliputhur, Madras P. 

DEVAPRASADHAM, MUTTTTSWAMI. B. Palamcottah in 1820 : 0. D. 
Feb. 1851. 0. P. Dec. 18, 1859. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Pannikalam, 
Madras P. 

DEVAPRASATHAM, MUTTTJSWAMI. B. March 10, 1845 in Tinnevelly r 
O. D Sept. 22, 1878 : Since labored at (Ad.) Ambasamadram,. Mad- 
ras P. 

DOWNES, EDMUND. B.April 11, 1843, at Horton, Northampton- 
shire, Eng. Not 0. A. Nov. 1866 as Lieut, in Royal Artillery. Joined 
the Rev. "W. Ferguson's Mission at Chumba, Nov. 15, 1869 : joined 
C M. S. in Jan. 1872. S. Madhopore, Punjab : in Oct. 1872, Pesha- 
war. H. to Eng. in Aug. 1863. "While at Home studied medicine .at 

11 



82 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

St. Mary's Hospital, Lon. ( L. R. C. P. Lon. in Oct. 1876, M. D. of 
Brussells in Nov. 1876). lit. Feb. 28, 1877. Has since labored as 
Medical missionary in Kashmir, Ad. Kashmir. 

DOXEY, JOKX SMITH. B. Manchester, Lancashire, Nov. 1839. E. 
Manchester Grammar School and Dorcester Col. Oxford. 0. Manches- 
ter, June, 1865. Curate of Milnrow 1865-70, and Minister, Habeyham- 
lawes 1870-75. A. 1875. Ad. Muhan, Punjab. 

DROESE, ERXEST. A. in 1842, labored in connection with the Ber- 
lin Society at Ghazipur until 1849, when he joined the C. M. S. In l;sdO 
was appointed to Bhagalpur, where he has since labored. Ad. Bhayal- 
pur, Bengal, 

DURRANT, GEORGE. B. A. in 1876. Has since labored at (Ad ) 
Lucknow, Oudh. 

Drsox, SAMUEL. A. 1855. S. Calcutta. Row in Europe. 

EALES, HENRY WILLIAM. A. 1878. Ad. Duinayudiem, Madras /*. 

ELLIOTT, ROBERT. A. 1878. Ad. Taljhari. Bengal. 

ELLWOOD, JOHN PRICE. A. 1871, S Luc 1 - now. Kmc i^ Europe. 

ERHARDT, JAMES. B. at Boennigheim, \Vurtemberg, Germany. O 
1848. Missionary to East Africa from 1849 to 1856. M. 1859 A. 
1857. S. Bhagulpur, 1857-60: Benares. 1861-64 : Lucknow, 1864-67 : 
H. 1868-69. At Secundra (Agra) since 1870. W. has been both Engl. 
and ver. L (1), A Vocabulary of the Masai Language, (Central Af- 
rica) : (2), Urdu Sonys and Hymns ; translations from Kngl and Ger- 
man. Ad. Secundra Orphanage. Agra. 

FISHER, A. T. A. 1878. Ad. Amrit&ar, Punjab. 

GHOSE, BHOLA NATJI. Ad. Narowal, Punjab. 

GMELIX. FRIEDRICH. B. Dec. 23, 1837, at Heidelberg, Germany. 
Called to mission work, July, 1859. A. Feb. 13. 1860 M. Jan. 2. 1S64. 

March 5, 1871. S. i860, Tutor in the C. M. S Training I ns <, Santi- 
pore ; 1862, Inspector of Mission schools, Ruttanpur : 1863, Sopt. Am- 
herst Sr. Engl. School, Calcutta : 1864. Principal of C. M. S. Training 
Inst. and Inspector of schools, Krishnaghar. L. Original works : (1) 
" Ihn First Instructor in Arithmetic^ A Manual for Teachers." Parts 

1 and II. (2) ' Introduction to Bengali Composition " Calcutta School 
Boo'- Society's Depot Partly translated and partly original : " Manual 
of Fdncntinn for the use of J'ernacular Teachers" Calcutta, School Hook 
Society's Depot. Compilation : < First steps to the Church Catechism ; 
and the Church Catechism with Scripture Proofs." out of print. All 
these works are in Bengali. H. 1868-71 and in 1880. 

A 18G9. Ad. Nalumavadi^ Madras P. 
DEVASAGAYAM. B in Tinnevelly, 1818 : 0. April 4, 
1847: S. Black Town, Madras, 1847-55, Chindatripet, 1856, Dohna- 
vur, 1857, since, Nelloor District, Tinnevelly. L. Translated into Tamil 
" Under the Microscope," and ' Thornton's Commentary," and wroto 
in Tamil " God's Portion :" Ad. Koviluttu, Palnmcottah, Madras P. 

GNAXAMVTTU, SAMUEL. B. in Tinnevelly, 1822 : D Jan 8, 
1866, O.P. Jan. 31. 1869. "W. Native Pasto'r. Ad. 
Madras P. 



CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY^ 83 

ONANAMCTTU, V. 0. 1876 : Ad. Nedungulam, Madras P. 

GNANAPKAGASAM, M. 0. 1869 : Ad. 7'ureiyttr, Do. 

< >NANATUTHAM, P. 0. 1879 : Ad. Siiveshipuram, Do. 

GNANAYUTHAM, Y. 0. 1876 : Ad. Perpulankulam, Do. 

GOLDSMITH, H D. A. 1880. Ad Madras. 

GOLDSMITH, MALCOLM GEORGE. B. at "Woolwich, Kent, Jan. 5, 1849. 
O. by the Bishop of Lon in May, 1872. A. Nov. 5, 1872. Appointed to 
Mohammedan work in Madras : transferred to Calcutta in Nov. 1873 : 
R. to Madras in March, 1875. "VY. chiefly yer. with occasional Engl. 
service. Ad lioyapettah, Madras. 

GCRUBADHAM, ISAAC. B. in 1843. 0. in 1878. W. Xative Pastor: 
Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P. 

HACKE-TT. HKXUT MONK MASON. A. 1877. Ad. Madras, 

HAJTSDA, BELIH. 0. 1878. Ad. Taljhari^ Bengal. 

HARCOURT, YI.VCENT WARD. A. 1SG7. Ad. Palamcottah, Mad~ 
ras P. 

HARRINGTON, CHARLES SCMNER A, 1879. Ad. Palcutta. 

HARRISON, JOHN. A. 1870. Noic in Europe. 

HASTINGS, THOMAS. 0. 1878, Ad Parvathiaptiram, Madras P. 

HODGES, EDWARD XOEL. B. in 1849, 0. D. in 1873, 0. P. in 1874. 
A Xov 1877. In 1878 appointed Principal of Xoble College. Ad. Masu- 
lipatam, Madras P. 

HODGSON^ THOMAS HOBIXSON. B in Eng 1850. 0. D ; St. Paul's Ca- 
thedral Lon. 1875. 0. P. St. Paul's Cathedral, Calcutta, 1877. A. 1875, 
S. St. John's College, Agra, 1875, Cathedral Mission College, Calcutta, 
1877, St. Saviour's Church, Calcutta, 1878. Jabalpur. 18.78 to present 
Ad. Jubbulpiir, C P. 

.U'KRNtE, CHRISTIAN THEOPHILT:?. A. 1838. Ad. Annfield, A". IT. P. 

Ifo-issLE, J. G. HERMANN. A 1872. Ad Meertit, iV. W. P. 

HOOPER, \YIM.IAM. B. Sept. 27, 1847 at East Harptree, Somerset, 
Eng E. at Oxford : B A. in 1859; M. A. in 1861. 0. D. by the 
Bishop of Lon in May 1861. A. in Oct. 1861. and was appointed to 
Benares InXov. 18G2 0. P by the Bishop of Calcutta. M. in Dec. 
of the same year. Labored at Benares five years, chiefly in connection 
with the Jay Xarain Col. Was transferred to the Cathedral Mission Col , 
in at the close of 1866. H. to Eng. at the close of 1868. While 
in Eng. engaged in pastoral work. In 187- Itt. and was re-appointed 
to Benares. La ored there until March. 1874, when he succeeded Mr. 
French in charge of the Divinity Col.^ Lahore. In 1879 was transferred 
to Benares, to open the Divinity School. Ad ]>criarrs. 

HOPPKR, RALPH. B in Tinnevolly, Aug. 10, 1838. 0, D. Jan. 31. 
1869. P. Jan 30, 1873. \Y. Xative Pastor, Ad. dnultragapuram, 
TinntvcHy. Madras P. 

HORSLEY. Ht.'Gii. B. at Courtallum, Tinuevelly, Aug. 11, 1849. 
0. D. 1873. A. Dec. 4. 1873. S. Sachiapuram. Noiv in Europe. 

HUGHKS. THOMAS PATRICK. 0. D. by Bp. of Lon. 1864. P. by Bp. of 
Calcutta 1867. Deg. B D :M.R. A S. S. Peshawar, 186 i. H. 6 months 
in 1^75, and one year in 1878. Author: Notes on Muhammadaniion 



o4 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

1st Ed. 1875, 2nd Ed. 1877. (W.H.Allen Lon.) Kalid i Afyhani. or 
(rovernment Text Book for Pashto Examinations. (Lahore Press.) Roman 
Urdu Quran, joint Editor with Rev. E. M. Wherry, M. A., (Lodiana ) 
Pashto Tracts. (Peshawar ) Ad. Peshawar, Afghanistan. 

ILSLEY, JOSEPH. B. Sept. 19. 1855, at Liverpool. 0. P. by Bp of 
Lon. June 10, 1879. A. March, 1880. Ad. Sivagasi, North Tinnevelly, 
Madras P. 

IMAM UD DIN, Ad, Amritsar, Punjab. 

ISAAC, ABRAHAM. 0. 1859. Ad. Panneivilei, Madras P, 

JTTY, CHERIAN. 0. Ib68. Ad. Malapally, Travancore. 

JACO, KOLLATTA. Born at Kollatt, Atig 5, 1830 : E. in the Cotfcp 
yam Col. 0. D. March 1, 1863, 0. P. Dec. 1868: S. Pallam, Melu- 
kava, Erumapara, and (Ad.) Erecarte. Travancore. 

JACOB, A. J. B. at Cottayam, May 16, 1842. 0. Dec. 24, 1871- 
S. Arpukara, Olesa and (Ad.) Alleppy, Travancore. 

JAMES, ANTONY. B. in Dec. 1826. E. at Palamcottah and Madras" 
O. D. in Jan, 1866. S, Ootacamund 1869-73, Since Ukiran-kotei. Ad. 
Ukiran/iofei, Madras P. 

JEREMY, DAVID. Ad , I Ma, Meerut N. W. P. 

JOHN, E. V-, O. 1879. Ad. Cottayam, Trarancore: 

JOHN, JESUDASEN. B. Tranquebar, Dec. 15. 1819: 0. April 4, 
1847. S. Palamcottah, 1847, Tavow, 1849, Suriseshapuram, 1850, Doh- 
navur, 1853, Radatchapuram, 1855, Suvtankulan, 1857, Piragasapuram, 
1859, Nalumavadee, 1860, Kadatchapuram 1861, Tinnevelly, 1869, Pa- 
lamcottah, 1874 ta present : Palamcottetft, Madras P. 

JOHNSON, J. J. A. 1879. Ad. Benares. 

JOSEPH, POTHEN. 0. 1872. Ad. Kannit, Travancore. 

JUKES, ANDREW. B. in Canada West, May, 1847. Medical degrees, 
M. R. K S. 1869, L. S. A. 1869, L. R. C. P. 1872. Helical Work in 
London, 1869-78. A. Dec. 1878. Medical missionary to Bilooches. O. 
Ad. Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab. 

JUKES, WORTHINGTON. B. in Canada, Jan. 1849. M. A. Trinity 
Col. Camb. 0. by Bp. of Lon. in 1872. A. Nov. 1872. S. Amritsar till 
Oct. 1873, since, Peshawar. L. engaged in the translation of the Pen- 
tateuch into Pushtu. Ad. Peshawar, Afghanistan. 

KEENE, WILLIAM. B. Minety, Gloucestershire, Eng. July 6, 1828. 
E. Brasenore Col. Ox, (H. AO 0. D. 1852 O. P. 185-4. A, March 10 r 
1854. S. Simla and Kotgur 1854, Amritsar, i860, H. to Europe March, 
1865, Amritsar. Feb. 1868, H. to Europe, Dec. 1872, Amritsar Jan. 
1877. L. Translated " Selections from the Book of Common Prayer" in 
Panjabi and "Essay on the Sikhs" read at Missionary Conference, La- 
hore, 1862-63. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab. 

KEMBER, THOMAS. A. 1865. Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P. 

KORATHA, KUNENGHERI. 0. 1868. Ad. Kcdawalaniya, Travancore* 

KOSHI, KOSHI. 0. 1856, Ad. Pallam, Travancore. 

KRISHNAYYA, GANUGAPATI. B Ellore, Sept. 15,1838: D. Deo. 
24, 1871, P. Feb . 1, 1874 : W. Native Pastor. Ad. Ellore, Madras P. 
u KuRKrwELLA, 0. i860. Ad. Cochin % Travancore t 



CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 85 

LAL, KATWARI. Ad. Agra. 

LABHJ A. H. A. 1867. S. Palamcottah. Now in Europe. 

LEVI, AMAN MASIII. B. Benares, Nov. 18, 1850: 0. D. Feb. 1, 
1878. "W. Native Pastor. Ad. Sigra, Benares. 

LEWIS, ARTHrn B Clifton, Bristol. June 18, 1854 E. Queen's 
Col. Oxford. 0. D Llandaff, Sept. 28, 1877. 0. P Canterbury, Sept. 22, 
1878. A. Dec 1878. Ad. Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab. 

LLOYD, JOHN ABBOTT. A. 1876. Ad. St. John's Col. Agra. 

LONG, JAMES. A. 1840. S. Calcutta. Now in Europe. 

MACARTNEY, FREDERICK GKAHAM. B. Jan. 30, 1850, at Portsmouth, 
Eng. 0. D. May 31, 1874. 0. P. Jan. 1, 1878 A. Dec. 1874. S. Nasik, 
1875, since, Malegaon. Ad. Malegaon. Nasik, Bombay P. 

MACDONALD, REGINALD CHAMBERS. A. 1859. S. Madras. In Europe. 

MADDOX, RALPH HENRY. A. 1863. Ad. Trichur, 'Jravancore. 

MALOBA, LTTCAS, Ad. Nasik, Bombay P. 

HAMEN, OMEN. O. 1856. Ad Changanacherry, Travancore. 

MANWARIXG, ALFRED. B. Broadwater, Eng. 1855. O. June 8. 
1879 A. Dee. 1, 1879. Ad. Nasik, Bombay P. 

MASIH, SADIQ. B. about 1850. 0. Nov. 2, 1875. M. Batala, 
Amritsar, Punjab. 

MASILLAMANI, S. 0. 1874. Ad. Sinnamalpuram, Madras p. 

MASILLAMANI, S. 0. 1876. Ad. 1'aliputtu, D&. 

MAYER, THOS. JNO. LEE. B at Newcastle Staffs, Oct 17, 1844, 
Called to the ministry in 1866, at Queensland: O.D. 1872 by the Bishop 
of Canterbury, at Lambeth; 0. P. in 1874, by the Bishop of Calcutta, at 
Allahabad. "Was engaged in ministerial labor at Aldershot Hauts r 
before coming to I. A. Feb. 1873. S. Amritsar, and Bunnoo. "W. Eng 
and Ver. (Pushto). M September 13, 1875. Ad. Bunnoo, Dcrajat. 

MEADOWS, EGBERT llrsx. B. Feb 10, 1829, near Ipswich. 
Suffolk. O by the Bishop of Lon, June, 1852. A. 1852. After study- 
ing Tamil in Madras for more than a year began the work of itinerat- 
ing in April, 1854; Continued in this until Sept, H. 1858, to Eng. Jan. 
1859 : 11. to Madras M. Sept. 1860 ; took charge of the Sivagasi district. 
H. in Aug. 1870, and reached Madras again in May 1873, resuming the 
work at Sivagasi. L. (1). A small Greek Grammar in Tamil> procurable 
at C. M. S. Office, Madras. (2) "History of Sandbai, or the 
Model Catechist's Wife." (Tamil) C. V. E. S. Depot, Madras. (3). 
"Advice to educated Women" (by Rev. D. Fenn, and Rev. R. R. 
Meadows), Tamil Religious Tract Society, Madras. H. To Eng, in 
Feb. 1877. Now in Europe. 

MOHUN, DAVID. B at Chunar, 1811. 0. 1859. M. 1842. Has 
labored in preaching and in teaching ; at present pastor of Native Church. 
Allahabad. Translated two sermons on Infant Baptism ; also several 
stories from ''Affatkos" and "Spring Morning" ; (published in L T rdu, jind 
Roman Urdu and obtainable of the translator). Ad. Allahabad. 

MOTJNTFORT, CHARLES. B. Daventrv, Feb. 9, 1855. O. D. June. 
8, 1879, 0. P. Sept. 19, 1880. A. Nov. 17, 1880. Ad. Nasik, Bombay P. 

NALLATHAJIBI, JOHS. 0. 1859, Ad. Achampatii, Madras /', 



86 IND1AX MltfSlONAlll' DlltEUTOltY. 

XALLA.THAMBI, SWAMIDASEN. 0. 1874. Ad. Mar 
Madrai /'. 

NEKVK, CLBMENT ALFRED. 0. in 1879, A in 1879. S. Cottayam : 
W. Principal, C. M. S. Col. Ad. Cottayam, Travancorc. 

XowiiOJEE) HUTTONJEE. B. Get, 18, 1838, at Ahmednagar, Baptized 
at Sharanpur, near Nasik, June 26, 1856. M. Oct 22, 1861. 0. D by 
Bishop Douglas, Juno 12, 1870, 0. P, April 1,1872. Labored as lay 
pastor at Sharanpur for twelve years : as missionary catechiet at 
Yeola, two years. In charge of the Aurungabad mission since June, 
1870. W. chiefly Ver. L. A Translation into Marathi of Bishop Wilsons's 
"Paraphrase of the Lord's Prayer." Obtainable at the Depository S,P. 
C. K., Bombay. Ad. Auiunffabad, Dcccan. 

NUGENT, CHARLES P. C. A. 1877. Now in Europe. 

PADFIELD, JOSEPH EnwiN. B. at Bath, Oct. 25, 1843. 0, D l.y tho 
Bp. of Lon., June 7, 1868. A in Dec. 1868. M. Jan. 22, 1870. 6. P. 
by the Bp. of Madras, Feb 5, 1870. S. From Feb. 1878 to tho fol- 
lowing Oct. in educational work at Ellore : from Oct. I8l0 to March, 
1872 in charge of the Ellore district: from this time to Oct. 1874, 
Head Master C. M. S. Anglo-vernacular School at Ellore : from this to 
the present Principal of the C. M. S. Training lust, at Masnlipatam. 
W. has been both Engl. and Ver. Ad. Masnlipatam, Madras P. 

PAINTKR. ARTHUR FREHBRICK. 0. D .Sept. 1877, 0. P. Jan. 1880. 
A. Nov 1877. B. Kunnankulam, 1877 to Sept. 1880 Now in Europe. 

PAKIANADHAM JOHN. 1878 Ad. Tiruvarangapatti, Madras P. 

PAKIANABHAM, JAMKS HARRIS. B. Pragasapuram, Aug 7, 1842. 
0. D Sept. 22, 1878. 0. P. March, 1881. W. Native Pastor: Ad. .AV 
papuram, Madras P. 

PARAMANANDHAM. S. 0. 1878: Ad Satankulam, Madras P. 

PARINBAM, 1). 0. lS6i). Ad. Ananthapuram, Do. 

PARSONS GEORRK HKXIIY. B in Ceylon Dec 31, 1854. 0. D. June 
8, 1879 A Dec. 19. 1879. Ad. Krishnnghar, Bengal. 

PARKER, HRNRY PKRROTT. A. 1878. Ad. Calcutta. 

PAUL. SAMUEL B. in Tinnevelly, in 1844. 0. Oct. 1874. S. Pas- 
tor Tamil Local Mission. Ootacamnnd. L. ( in Tamil) ' History of tho 
Church of England." " History of tho Book of Common Prayer." " Geo- 
graphy of Madras Zillah," " Geography of Xeilgherries," etc. etc ; a num- 
ber of original tracts, pamphlets and hand-bills, and a number of trans- 
lations for Madras Tract Society and for the C. Y. E S. Ad. Ootaca- 
mund, Madras P 

PEHirAXAYAGAM, MATWCRANAYAG AM. B. TutlCOrill, June 17, 1825. 

0. D. Dec. 18, 1859, 0. P. Dec. 21, 18G2 : Labored since at (Ad.) Aha- 



POOLE, ARTHUR WILLIAM: A. 1877. fioio in Europe. 
HAM CIIARX. Ad. Godda, Bengal. 
HAM, MADHO. Ad. Jubbulpitr, C. r> . 

HASENTHIRAM, ABRAHAM. 0. 1809. Ad. Kongarayakurichi, 1 
ras P. 

KASENTHIRAM, DAVID. 0. 1SC9. .\-l. Afanarianlatu, Madras P 



CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 87 

RVTNAM. MANCHAIA. 0. 1864, Ad. Bezirara, Mad) as P. 

RAZU, I. YENCATARAMA. 0. 1872. Ad. Ditmmagudem, Do. 

REBSCH, WILLIAM. A. 1853. Ad. Kotyarh, Punjab. 

HEDMAN, JOSEPH. B. Overtown, Swindon, Eng. April 4, 1855. E.G. 
M. Col. Islington 0. June 8, 1879. Curate of Christ Church, Welling- 
ton, 1679. A. Dec 5. 1880. Ad. Hyderabad, Sindh. 

RICHARDS, ,T. Ad. Dehra Doon, N -W. P. 

RICHARDS. WILLIAM JOSEPH. A. 1871. Cottayam, Travancore. 

ROBERTS, WILSON AYLESBURY. B. Fob 12, 1846, at Ledbury. Here- 
fordshire, Eng. Entered Islington Jan. 18G6. D May 23, 1869, by 
the Bishop of Lon. O. P April 25, 1871, by the Bishop of Bombay. A. 
Nov. 21, 1869. S. Kurrachee, 1869 : Berhampoor, 1871: Malligaum, 
1672. W. both Engl. and ver. Ad. Na*ik, Bombay P. 

RTDRA, PIYARE MOHUN. Ad. Calcutta. 

SAMUEL, ABRAHAM 1870. Ad. Panetdipatti, Madras P. 

SAMUEL, ISAAC. 0. 1^69. Ad Edeiyangulam, Do. 

SAMUBL, PERPKTTAN. 1874. A. 1874. Ad. Suviseshapuram, Do. 

SAMUKL, SAMUEL. 1878. Ad Xallor, Do. 

SANTHOSHAM, S. 0. 1876. Ad. Manarkadu, Do. 

SARKUNAN GNANAMUTTU. 0. 1873. Ad Kylasupuram, D. 

SATTHIAXADHAN, WILLIAM THOMAS, B. in Madura Oct, 12. 1830, of 
heathen parents. Was converted in July 1847. as the result of educa- 
tion received in the mission school at Palamcottah ; was baptized the same 
year M. Feb. 16, 1849. After pursuing Theol. studies for a time spent 
hve years as a teacher in the Preparandi Institution Afterwards studied 
in Madras two years. 0. D. Dec. 18, 1859 ; 0. D. in Dec. 1862, and 
in March, 1863. was transferred to Madras, where he has since labored 
in connection with the Southern Pastorate. W. chiefly Tamil being part- 
ly pastoral and partly educational and evangelistic. L (1 ) A Church 
History in English (out of print ) (2 ) A large Church History in Tamil, 
procurable at the Depository of the C K Society, Madras (3.) A Com- 
mentary on the X. T. in Tamil, on the basis of the Tract Society's An- 
notated Paragraph X. T., Religious Tract Society s Depot, Madras. He 
also edited two monthly Magazines, ' The Mission School Magazine,'' in 
Tiimil for children, for the C. V. E. S. and the " Desabhimani," an Ang- 
lo-vernacular periodical. Ad. Phintadrepettah, Madras. 

SAVARIB'-YAM. MADUREXDHiRAM. 0. 1851. Ad. Xallarnmalajmram, 
Madras P. 

SCIIAFFTEB, HENRY. J. A. 1877. Ad Palamcottah, Madras P. 

SKAL, MODHU SUDAN. B. of Hindu parents in Calcutta, about 1815. 
E. partly at the General Assembly's Inst. at Calcutta and partly at Bi- 
shop's Col. Howrah. Baptized at Cawnpore in 1836. 0. by Bishop 
Harding in Bombay, 1855. Transferred to Calcutta and appointed to 
"Kidderpore, 1860 : sent to the Krishnaghar district in charge of the con- 
gregations at Ratanpur and Joginda in 1862. Re-appointed to Kidder- 
pore in 18C5 L. u English and Hindustani Man ual" : Baptist Mission 
Press, Calcutta. A.d, Kidderpore, Bengal. 



88 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

SIB.VGXA.NAM. I. Ad. Palamcottah, Madias P. 

SELL, EDWARD. 0. D. 1864, 0. P. 1867 A. 1865. S. Madras. W. 
Head Master, Harris School. L. " The Faith of Islam" (Engl), Addison 
and Co. Madras ; Persian and Urdu Grammar : Persian Idioms with 
Hindustani translation ; and various vernacular School Books. H. from 
March 1876 to Dec. 1877. Ad. Madras. 

SHAH, IMAM. B. about 1840 in the Amritsar district. Baptized 
in 1862 (parents Mohammedans), and appointed to Peshawar as catechist. 
0. D. Dec. 15, 1872. 0. P. Nov. 28, 1875. Pastor of Native church 
at (Ad.) Peshawar, Punjab. 

SHAM, BESRA.. Ad. Bahaiva, Bengal. 

SHARP, JOHN. A. 1861. Ad. Massulipatam, Madras P. 

SHELDON, JAMES. A. 1854. Ad. Kurrachee, Scindh. 

SHIRREFF, FRANCIS ARCHIBALD PATTULLO. B. at Chinsurh, Feb. 
7,1848. O.D. 1872,0 P. 1873. A.Dec. 1873. Tutor in St. John's Divinity 
School, Lahore from 1874-78, since Feb. 1879, Principal of said List. L. 
Translation of Abridgement of the Pastoral Itule of Gregory the Great 
(Urdu) : Punjab Eel. Book Socy. Ad. Lahore, Punjab. 

SHIRT, GEORGE. B. in 1843 at Cawthorne, Yorkshire. E. Isling- 
ton and Cambridge Col. 0. 1866. A. Dec. 1866. S. Hydrahad 1866- 
73, Kurrachee. 1875-77, Hyclrabad 1877 to present. H. from 1873-75. 
L. Some original tracts in Sindhi and translated some portions of the 
Bii'le and joint Compiler of Sindhi-Engl. Dictionary. Ad. Hydrabad, 
Sindh. 

SIDO, WILLIAM. Ad. Bahaica. Bengal. 

SIMEON, JOHN. 0. 1869. Ad. Tharmanagaram, Madras P, 

SIMEON, VEDAYAGAM, 0. 1866. Ad. Madras. 

SINGH DAUD. Ad. Charkabad, Amritsar, Punjab. 

SOLOMON, DAVID. Ad. Lucknow, Ottdh. 

SQUIRES, HENRY CHARLES. A. 1870. Ad. Bombay. 

SQUIRES, ROBERT ALFRED. A. 1870. Ad. Nasik, Bombay. 

SIMEON, LUKE. B in 1816. 0. D. Sept. 25, 1870, 0. P. Jan. 30, 1876. 
"W. Native Pastor. Ad*. Puliangudi, Madras P. 

STARK, ALFRED. B. in Calcutta July 11, 1834. M. in 1857. 
O. in 1870. S Doveton Col. Calcutta, March, 1856 to Dec. 1866; As- 
sistant Secretary, C. 31. S. Calcutta, Feb. 1867 to June, 1869 ; from July, 
1869 to Feb. 1872. Taljhari; from March, 1872 to Jan. 1879, Godda. 
W. is entirely Ver. Ad. Taljhari, Bengal. 

STEPHEN, DAVID. B. Tinnevelly, 1834. 0. D. Jan. 31, 1869. 0. P. 
Dec. 24, 1871. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Kadatchapuram, Madras P. 

STERN, HENRY. B. at Karlsruke, Germany. 0. D. hy the Bishop of 
Lon. in 1850. P. by the Bishop of Calcutta in 1853. A. 185L S. 
Benares 1851-53, since, Gorakhpur. L. Translated "Religious Anecdotes" 
(Urdu) ; Benares Medical Hall Press: " History of the Kings of Judah 
and Israel" (Urdu) ; N. I. Tract Society' Depot, Allahabad. " Cat- 
echism of the Christian Religion" (Roman Urdu), to be had from the 
author. " Manual for the Holy Communion," (Roman-Urdu). Out of 
print, H. 1860 and 1878. Ad. Gorakhpur, N -W. P. 



CBURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 89 

SIOXE, JAMES A. 1876. Ad. Raqhapur, Madras P. 
BTTTART, J. A. 186!>, Ad. Atiyarh, N.-W. P. 

'IDA>F,X, SrvisESHAMUTfu. B. .Jan. 1836 in Tinnevelly. 
0. D. Sept. 25, 1870. 0. P. Oct. 12, 1874. Ad. Surandei, Madras P. 
TIIAKIEX, JACOB. 0. 1856. Ad. Afavelicara, Ttavancore. 
THARMAKAX, V. 0. 1876. A. Pulavanur, Madras P. 
TIIOMA, AMB.VRTA.. 0. 1868. Ad. Olcs/ia, Travancore. 
THOMAS, CHAXDIPILLA. 0. 1872. Ad. Ellanthur, do. 
THOVA.S, JOHX DAVIS. A. 1863. Ad. Palaveram, Madras P. 
THOMPSON, CHARLES STEWART. B. Easingtou. Durham, Eng., Juno 
26. 1851. O.D.June 11,1880. 0. P. Sept. 19,1880. A. Nov. 19, 
1880. Appointed to labor among Bhils. Ad. Khencara, llajputana. 
THAVAITES, WILLIAM. A. 1871. Now in Europe. 
TUXBRIDGE, JAJIES. B. at Bath, Eng. 1849. 'A, 1877. 0. D. 1879. 
S. Godda, 1879, since, (Ad.) Bhagaya, Bengal, 

YAVGIIAX, JAMES. B. at Hall, Yorkshire, in 1826. 0. Dec. 25, 
1854. A. 1855. S. Calcutta, from 1855-74. II from 1874-77. Krish- 
nagija?, 1677 to present. L. ' Pratyahik Vpashana," (Daily Devotion) 
in Bengali : S.P.C K. Dcpo.t, Calcutta. " Fulfilled Prophecy : translated 
the latter into Bengali : " A\'hat think ye of Christ f " The Trident, the 
Jt-rescent and the Cross :" " Jesus Christ who and what is He?" All obtaina- 
ble at Tract Society, Calcutta. Ad. Krishnaghar, Bengal. 

X. 8. 0. 1876 Ad. Kaltathikinaru, Madras P. 
A. O. 1&69. Ad. Arumuganeri, Do. 

D. 0. 1876. Ad Truvaranganeri, Do. 
, THOMAS. B. of heathen parents in 1825. Professed 
Christianity in 1839. D. 1869. 0. P. 1871. Ad. rcllalenrUd, :ifs.d v as 1\ 
YETUAXATA^AM, Y. 0. 1859. Ad. 1'agcikulam, Madras l\ 
VIRAVAGT:, DEVANATAQAM. 0. 1859. Ad. Mengnanapuram, Madras P. 
YORES, S. 0. 1880. Ad. Ellore, Madras P. 
^YABE, TIIO:.IA.- lir.^si LL, A. 1863. Ad. Kashmir. 
"\VEAIHJ:RIU-:AD, TRTXHAM KIXG. A. 1860 Now in Europe. 
AVtuER, GEOKGK HEXRY. A. 1861. 0. 1879. Now in Europe. 
"\VEITBP.F.CHT. IlERjiEirr UBXY. B. Lon. 1851. O. 1874. Curate 
Christ Church Evertou, Livei-pool, 1874-76. A. Dec. 1876. S. Diviiiitv 
School, Lahore 1878. L. Translated Christlieb's " Modern Doubt.'" 
(Clark, Edinburgh, 1S7C). Degree, Ph. D. Tubingen 1873. Ad. Lahore. 

WILLIAMS, ILSCXRY. B Oct. 4, 1853 at Oswestry, Shropshire. O. 
D. Lon. Dec. 1876, 0. D. Calcutta, Dec. 1878. A. Xov. 27, 1877. 8, 
Ballabpur 1878: Krishnaghar, 18SO. Ad. BallabpurfKriahnagkai, Bengal! 
WILLIAMS, J. Ad. Dcra Ismail Khan, Punjab. 
VriLLiA3isox, HEXRY DRCJIMOXD. B. Dec 17, 1851, a.t Alvaston, 
Derbyshire. B. A. Christ Col. Camb. 0. D. 1877. 0. P. 1S79. \! 
l-'e-. 1878. Ad. Mandla, Cent. 1'rov. 

AYIRGTIE.-T, MATTHEW. 0. 1868. Ad. Pvthupally, Travancore. 
YESUPIAX, Gx.\XA3irrrr. J}. 1831. in Tinneveily. Q. D. Jan. 26, 
1873. 0. P. Jan. 30, 1876. Ad. Sii-alasamuihirarn* Madras P. 
TCCKEB. Q. J87i. Ad. Pitthvkulam, Dn, 



90 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



NAMES. 


ARRIVAL. 


FIELD or LABOR. 


DEATH, WITHDRAWAL 
OR RETIREMKNT. 


J. C. Schnarre, 


1814, 


Palamcotlah . . 


D. Oct. 1820. 


C. T. E. Rhenius, 


1814, 


JL'innevelly . . D June, 18:58. 


C. G. Schroeter, 


1815, 


Titalya . . D. July, 1820. 


"\V. Greenwood, 


1815, 


Chunar 


D. 1839. 


T. Norton, . . 


1815, 


Allepie . . D. Aug. 1840. 


B. Bailey, 


1816, 


Cottayam . . !R. 1850, D. Apr. 1871. 


T. Dawson, 


1816, 


Cochin . .'D. Feb. 1828. 


D. Schinid, 


1817, 


Calcutta . . D. Dec. 1829. 


L. B. E. Schmid, 


1817, 


Mavavcram . . R. 1837, D. Oct. 1857. 


J. Adlington, 


1817, 


Benares . . \V. 1828. 


H. Baker, 


1818. 


Travancore .. D. Julv, 18GG. 


G. T. Barenbruck, 


1818, 


Madras . . I). May, 183:3. 


J. Fenn, 


1818, 


Cottayam . . W. 1526, D.Jan. 1878. 


J. A. Jetter, 


1820, 


Burdwan . . R. July, 1840. 


W. J. Deerr, 


1820, 


Do. . - 11 Dec, 1842. 


T. Morris, 


1820, 


Benares . . W. Jan. 1829. 


B. LaRoche, 


1820, 


Do. 


D. Aug. 1821. 


J. Perowne, 


1820- 


Burdwan 


\V. Sept. 1827. 


J. Ridsdale, 


1820, 


Madras . . 1). Aug. 1831. 


R. Kcnney, 


1 820, 


Bombay . . W. June, 1826. 


1. "Wilson, 


1821, 


Madras 


L). Sept. 1828. 


~\V. Sawyer, 


1822, 


Do. 


D. Jan. 1832. 


J. Maisch, 


1822, 


Burdwan 


D. Aug. 182-3. 


T. Reichardt, 


1822, 


Calcutta 


W. Julv, 1828. 


M. Wilkinson, 


1823, 


Goruckporo . . D. Nov. 1848. 


J. F. Beddy, 


1824, 


S. India . . YV. Jan. 1826. 


8. Ridsdale, 


1824, 


Cochin .. D. Oct. 1840. 


J. "W. Doran, 


182-5, 


Cottayam 


R. 1830, ]>. 






1862, 


A.Y. Mitchell, 


1826, 'Bombay 


LI. 1834.D. 






1870. 


,T. Steward, 


1 826, Do. 


\V. Aug. 1828. 


,1 . Kindlin^er. 


1827, Pulicat 


D. Dec. 1829. 


J. C. F. Wiiiekler, 


1827, i'finnevelly .. 


R June, 1834. 


P. P. Schaffter, 


1827, 


Do. 


D. Dec. 1861. ("1879. 


J. Latliam, 


1827, 


Calcutta . . W. May, 1 8 30 D. Nov. 


(J. Friend, 


1828, 


Chunar . . I). June. 1829. 


R. Etcsoi), 


1828, 


Do. . . U. Nov. 1830. 


J. B. More wood, 


1828, 


Madras .. W. Apr. 1835. 


C. P. Fari-ar, 


1829, 


Xasik . . \V. M;tv, 1847. 


.1. B. Dixon, 


1829, 


Do. .. JD. Jan." 1846. 


R. V. Iteviiolds, 


1829, 


Burdwan 


R. Sept 1836. 


T. Sandys, 


1830, Calcutta .. D. Nov. 1871. 



CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



NAMES. 


ARRIVAL. 


FIELD OF LABOR 


DEATH, WITHDRAWAL 
OR RETIREMENT. 


C. Blackmail, 


1830, 


Madras 


R. Feb. 1842. 


J. Marsh, 


1830, 


Do. 


D. May, 1831. 


W. Smith, 


1830, 


Goruckpore . . 


D. Jan. 1875. 


J. J. Weitbrecht, 


1830, 


Burdwan 


D. March, 1852. 


J. C Thompson, 


1830, 


Calcutta 


R. 1842. 


P. Fjellstedt, 


1831, 


Tinnevelly . . 


R. July, 1840. 


H. C. Kruckeberg, 


1831, 


Krishnaghar. . 


D. Feb. 1860. 


J. ,T. Muller, 


1831, 


Madras 


D. March, 1843. 


W T . Morse, 


1832, 


N. India 


R. July, 1836. 


J. Haberlin, 


1832, 


Burdwan 


R. Jan. 1838. 


J. C. G. Knorpp, 


1832, 


Benares 


D. March, 1838. 


C. B. Leupolt, 


1832, 


Do. 


R. April, 1872. 


J. T. Lincke, 


1832, 


Krisbnaghar . . 


D. March, 1868. 


C. W. Isenberg, 


1832, 


Bombay 


D. October, 1864. 


J. Feet, 


1S33, 


Travancore . . 


I). August, 1866. 


G. Pettitfc, 


1833, 


Tinnevelly . . 


W. January, 1855. 


J. Tucker, 


1833, 


Madras 


R. Mar. 1847, D. 1873. 


H. Snashall, 


1833, 


Do. 


11. Jan. 1834. 


W. J. Woodcock, 


1834, 


Cottayam 


R. Nov. 1840. 


J. Lechler, 


1834, 


Tinnevelly . . 


R. June, iS35. 


F. J. DeRozario. 


1834, 


Agurpara 


R. 1880. 


T. H. Applegate, 


1 835, 


Do. 


D. November, 1837. 


11. Harley, 


1836, 


Cochin 


II. 18CI. 


C. C. Mcngo, 


1836, 


Bombay 


R. June, 1874. 


C. F. Warth, 


1836, 


Nasik . .ID. May, 1842. 


J. Thomas, 


1836, 


Tinnevelly . JD. March, 1870. 


F. Wybrow, 


1837, 


Calcutta . . D. June, 1840. 


J. II. Gray, 


1837, 


Madras 


R. April, 1847. 


J Johnson, 


1837, 


Travancore . . D. Mav, 1846. 


T. J. Norton, 


1837, 


Madras .JR. 1840. 


J. N. Norgate, 


1837, 


Calcutta 


W. 1842. 


J. J. H. Elonis, 


1838, 


Madras 


R. Januarv, 1849. 


G. M. Valentino, 


1838, 


Bombay 


D July, 1844. 


W. T. Humphrey, 


1838, 


IVavancore . . 


R. November, 1841. 


F. E. Schneider, 


1838, 


Agra 


R. March, 1875. 


,T. S. S. Robertson, 


1838, 


Bombay 


R. May, 1877. 


J. C. Barclay, 


1838, 


Madras 


W. 1840. 


C. Stone, 


1830. 


Xasik 


R. 1810. 


(I. K. Blumhardt, 


1839, 


vrishnaghar. . 


II. April, 1877. 


J. limes, 


1839, 


Do. 


R. February, 1851. 


C. T. Jvrauss, 


1839, 


Do. 


I). October," 184 9. 


C. W. Lipp, 


1839, 


Do. 


H. January, 18o(>. 


F. Rogers, 


1839, 


Vlavaveram . . 


II. February, 1841. 



INDIA N MISSION A R Y DIRECTORY. 



NAMES. 


ARRIVAL. 


FIELD OF LA.BOB.. 


DEATH, WITHDRAWAL 
OR RETIREMBHT. 


8. Hobbs, 


1839, 


Tinnevclly . . 


R 1880. 


A. II. Alexander, 


1839, 


Culna 


D. 1845. 


C. J. Taylor, 


1839, 


Mayaveram . . 


D April, 1851. 


C. G. Pfander, 


1840, Agra . . D December, 1865. 


F. A. Kreias, 


1840, 


Goruckpore . . D. June, 1856. 


J. P. Menge, 


1840, 


Do. . . D. September, 1878. 


J. Chapman, 


1840, (Travancore .. I> December, 186'2. 


J. Hawks worth t 


1840, Do. , , D. January, 1863. 


J. F. Osborne, 


1840, 


Calcutta . . W. February, 1847. 


f. Baumann, 


1840, 


Benares . . D. August, 1843. 


J. C. "Wendnagel, 


1840, 


Goruckpore . . D. December, 1846. 


11. P. Noble, 


1841, 


Masulipatam ID, October, 1865. 


Tf.W. Fox, .J 1841, 


Do. .. D. October, 1848. 


11. Hawes, ..1 1841, 


Tounpore . . R. Jarruary, 18-tft. 


J, G SyBa-es, 


1841, 


Madras .. 11 August, 1857'. 


3. T. Tucker, 


1842, 


finnevolly . . 


D. July, 1866. 


S. Hobbs, 


1842, 


Do. 


R. Nov. 18C-2. 


G. Stolzenberg, 


1842, 


ESenares, 


D. 1845. 


J. D Proclmow, 


1843, 


Siotgarb. 


R, 1858. 


E. Johnson, 


1843, 


X. India= 


R. September, 1858. 


H. Baker, Jr. 


1843, 


Pra van core . . 


D November, 1878. 


H. Mellon, 


1843, 


Bombay 


R July, 1844. 


J. J. Muhlheisen, 


1844, 


Do. 


R, May, 1848. 


F. L Sandberg, 


1844, 


Benares 


R. January, 1849. 


YJ. Reynold!-, 


1844, 


Ftrishnaghar . . |K September, 1846". 


D. Hechler, 


1844, 


Chunar . . 11. 1851, D. 








1878. 


J. T. G. Barenbruelcj . . 


1844, 


Tinncvelly . . 


D. March, 1859. 


B. Geklt, 


1845, 


Burdwan ..JR. Feb. 1862. 


A. Dredge, 


18-io, 


Bombay 


D. June, 1846. 


E Newman, 


1845, 


rinnevclly . . 


R. 1850, D. 1880. 


C. J llhenius, 


1845, 


Do. 


R. March. 1851* 


({. G Cathbert, 


1846, 


Calcutta 


D October, 1861. 


T. G. RagJaBd, 


1846, 


Madras 


D October, 1858. 


F. SchuiT, . 


184G, 


Bur 1 wan 


T'd. to Mauritius, 1873 


C. Bomwetsch} 


1846, 


Santipore, 


W.July, 1877, 


J. Spratt, 


1846, 


Tinnevelly . . 


D. September, 1854. 


R. L. Allnutt, 


1846, 


Do. . . R, October, 1847. 


]{. M. Lamb, 


1847, 


Meerut 


D. June, 1857. 


.!] lingers, 


1847, 


Xasik 


D July, 1865. 


.A. Aolieson, 


1.847, 


Goruckpore , . 


11 Februarv, 1853, 


S. Hascll,. 


1847, 


Krishnaghar. . 


D. June, 1879. 


J. Fuchs, 


1847,. 


Benares 


D.March, 1878. 



ClIURCS MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



93 



XAJIES. 


ARRIVAL.- FIELD OF LABOR. 


DEATH , W.T.IDRAV.-AI, 


M J. "\Yilkinson, 


1847, Benares 


R 1854,D. 1873. 


T. Jerrom, 


1847, Bombay 


D. May, 1851. 


G. F. H Ansorge, 


1847, Krishnaghar . . 


R. 1855. 


T. 5T Darling, 


1847, Masulipatam 


R. 1877. 


J. Harding, 


1848, Travancore . . 


R. July, 1854. 


W. Clark, 


1848, Tinnevelly . . 


Trans'd., to Ceylon, 






18G8. 


G English, 


1849, Masulipatam 


R. September, 1858. 


T. Foulke's* 


1849, Tmnevelly .. 


R. November, I860. 


W. S Price, 


1849, IXasik 


II. July, 1876. 


C F. Reuther, 


1849, [Kangra 


D. January,- 1879. 


T. K. Xicholson, 


1850, Masulipatam, 


R September, 1854, 


G Candy, 


1850, :Bombay 


R. 1857, D. 18G9. 


C. C. T. Sehreiber, 


1850, Kurrachee 


R. 1852. 


S. G Benttler, 


1850, Travancore . . 


R. 1SG7. 


J. Wbitechurci, 


1850, Tinnevelly .. 


D. January, 1871. 


T. V. French, ' 


1850, 'Agra 


Bishop of Lahore. 


E C. Stuavt, 


1850, Agra 


Trans'd. 1877. 


J. X. Merk, 


1850, Kotghar 


D. October, 1874. 


S, Bosfc, 


1850, ;Krishnaghar, JR. February, 1853. 


J. J. Meyer, , , 


1850, Do. 


R February, 1&53. 


T. H. Fitzpatrick, 


1851, Amritsar 


D. February, 1861. 


W. Wilkinson, 


1851, Benares 


II. 1856. 


A. Matchett, 


1852, Kurrachee . . 


R. August, 18153. 


D. Fcr.n, 


1852, Madras .. D October, 1878. 


C. F. Cobb, 


18&2, Benares 


R, 1859. 


A. P. Xeele, 


1852, Burd\van 


R.March, 1876. 


J. Pickford, 


1852, ,Tinnevelly . , 


Trans-'d. 1854. 


N. J. Moody, 


1852, Madras ' . . 


D. July, 1858. 


H. D. K-ubbard, 


18&3, Benares 


R. April, 1876. 


A. H. Frost, 


1853, Xasik, 


R. 1875. 


A. Davidson, 


1853, Bombay 


W. 18G. 


E. Trumpp, 


1854, 'Scindh 


R. Xofember, 1859. 


P. Goodall, 


1854, Do. .. D. April, 1861. 


C. J. Batstone, 


1854, Krishnaghar, R. January, 1857. 


W. Wright, 


1854, Agra 


R. April, 1867. 


A. Stravvbridgc, 


1854, Amritsar . .< 


R. May, 1565. 


J. Leighton, 


1854, Agra ... 


R. February, I860. 


A. Medland, 


1854, Mcerut 


W. February, 1861. 


C. Every,- 


1854, Tinnevelly . . 


D.August, *1857. 


C. F. Schwartz, 


1854, Junir 


D. August, 1878. 


R. Collins, 


1854, Cottayam . . | 


R January, 1880. 


L. Craddock, 


1854, (Madras 


R. Xovember, 1859. 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



NAMES. 


ARRIVAL. 


FIELD OF LABOI 


> DEATH, WITHDUAWA r, 
OR RETIKEMKXT. 


J. A. L. Stern, 


1855, 


Calcutta 


R. 1877. 


A. Dibb, 


1855, 


Tinnevelly . . 


D. October, 1876. 


H. Dixon, 


1855, 


Do. 


W. July, 1871. 


8. Dyson, 


1855, 


Calcutta . . R. March, 1878. 


H. Andrews, 


1855, 


Allepio . . 1). October, 1866. 


W. J. Ball, 


1855, 


Punjab ..JR. 1875. 


II H. Tickers, ... 1855, 


Travancore . . R Feb. I860. 


A. B. Yalpy, . . 1855, 


Tinnevelly . . R. Feb. 1S61. 


G. "Walker, 


1855, 


Madras 


R. Feb. 1866. 


T. S. Royston, 


1855, 


Do. 


R Julv, 187.1. 


A. Burn, 


1856, 


Scindh .. U. 1871. 


F. Goodall, 


1856, 


.Masulipatam R. May, 1868. 


"W. T. Storrs, 


. 1856, 


Lucknow, etc R. 1879. 


J. Gritton, 


1856, 


Madras 


R. Mav, 1866. 


R, P. Greaves, 


1857, 


Calcutta 


D. Nov. 1870. 


J. A. McCarthy, 


1857, 


Punjab 


R. Jan. 1868. 


C. Tanner, 


1857, 


Masulipatam. 


11. May, 1873. 


H. C. Milward, 


1857, 


Calcutta 


R. Jan. 1860. 


T. Toting, 


18.57, 


Punjab 


D. Oct. 1862. 


T. G. Gaster, 


1857, 


Agra 


R. May, 1863. 


II. W. Shackcll, 


1858, 


Do. 


R, July 1873. 


P. G. Ausorge, 


1858, 


Xorth India . . 


R. 1880. 


D. Fynes-Clinton, 


1858, 


Agra 


II. 1860,D. Mav,lS80. 


J. II. "Wilkinson, 


1858, 


Travancore . . 


R. April," 1866." 


T. Spratt, 


1858, 


Tinnevelly . . 


R. April, 1873. 


II. Galbraith, 


1858, 


Bombay 


R. 1865. 


L. Hofer, 


1858, 


Junir 


II. 1861. 


H. Bruce, 


1858, 


Punjab 


Trans'd, 1869. 


J. L Knight, 


1858, 


Xorth India . . 


R. 1859. 


W. Gray, 


1858, 


Madras 


R. Oct. 1867. 


T. E. Hallett, 


1859, Santhalia 


W. 1860. 


A. Lock wood, 


1859, Benares 


R. Jan. 1872. 


J. II. Buncher, 


1859, 


Madras 


11. March, 1860. 


AV. B. Cole, 


1859, 


Meerut 


R. 1861. 


J. B. Archer, 


1859, 


Do. 


R. 1861. 


II E. Clark, 


1859, 


Peshawar 


D. Jan. 1863. 


S. Attlec, 


I860, Lucknow 


R. 1860. 


G Yeates, . . 


Ib50, Mooltan 


R 1873. 


"W. Ellington, 


I860, Masulipatam 


I). June, 1878. 


W. J. Edmonds, ... 1860, 


Do. ... 


II. 1863. [ 1877. 


N. Honiss, 


1860, 


rinncvelly ... 


Trans'd. to Mauritius, 


J. I). Simmons, 


1860, 


Do. ... 


Do. 1874. 


J. M. Spetvhlv. .. 1860, Travunci>re .. Bishop of Travancore. 



CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



95 



NAMES. 


ARRIVAL. 


FlELDOFLABOR 


DEATH, AVITHDRAWAL 
OK RETIREMENT. 


R. B. Battv, 


18GO, :Punjab ...'D. June, 1861. 


J. B. Wheeler, 


I860, Lucknow ..JR. 1861. 


J. Barton, 


1860, 


Calcutta, etc... |R. Eeb. 1876. 


E. S. Puxley, 


1861, 


Sauthalia ...R. 1865. 


J. M. Brown, 


1861, 


Punjab ...11. Apr. 1866. 


J. "NVellaiul, 


1861, 


Calcutta ...D. Dec. 1879. 


T. Storrs, 


1861, 


Lucknow ... AV. July, 1872. 


AV. P. Scliaffter, 


1861, 


Tinnevelly ...31. 1880. 


J. Sharp, 


1861, 


Masulipatam R, 1880. 


AV. Soans, 


1862, 


Derajat ...3). June, 1862. 


J. Cooper, 


1862, 


Do. ...11. May, 1865. 


T. Lane, 


1862, 


Travancore ...R. Dec. 1868. 


II. Bartlett, 


1862, 


Madras .. D. Dec. 1865. 


E. Wynne, 


1862, (Junir ...11. Sept, 1863. 


11. S.* Patterson, 


1862, Moolten ... U. Mar. 1866. 


(J. E. Vines, 


1862, Agra ...D. Xov. 1879. 


F. AVathen, 


1862, 


Amritsar ...D. Xov. 1865. 


A. Johnson, 


1862, 


Allepie ...R. Dec. 1871. 


J. AVilson, 


1862, 


Travancore ...R. June, 1871. 


J. L. Holbeck, 


1862, 


Scindh ...31. 1863. 


AV. Handcock, 


1863, 


Peshawar ...11. 18G7. 


J. E. D. Hoernle, 


1864, 


Meerut ... H. 1878. 


.1, W. Bardsley, 


1864, 


Scindh ... I). Feb. 1868. 


J. Elmslie, 


1864, 


Kashmir .JD. Xov. 1872. 


31. "\Varrcn, 


1864, 


Bombay ...31. 1865. 


AV. G. Mallet, 


1865, 


Amritsar 


R. 1875. 


J. Stevenson, 


1865, 


Do. ... 


D. Dec. 18G5. 


('. AV. 31. Isenberg, ... 


1865, 


Hydrabad ... 


D. Ecb. 1870. 


II Crolev, 


1865, 


Scindh 


R. June, 1869. 


L. E. AV.' Eoote, 


1866, 


Bombay 


1. Jan. 1870. 


C. S. Cooke, 


1866, 


Do. 


^. Feb. 1877. 


J. C. Mill, 


1866, |Tiimcvellv , 


\V. 1872. 


E. Sampson, 


1866, 


Bombay 


ft. July 1871. 


AV. Ridley, 


1856, 


Peshawar 


U. 1874. 


I). Brodie, . . 


1866, 


Dera Ismail K. 


R. 1874. 


S. Carter, 


1S66, 


Govuckpore ... 


D. July, 1871. 


AV. Johnson, 


1866, 


Travancore ... 


II. 1879. 


AV. Hope, 


1866, 


Do. 


R. 1874. 


C. E. Storrs, 


18GG, 


Amritsar 


R. 1871. 


G. M. Gordon,* 


1866, 


Lahore 


D. August, 1 8-SO. 


A. B. Spaight, 


1868, 


Mooltan ...R. 1870. 



Killed in action at Kandahar, 



9 6 



IXDIAX MISSTOXAHY DIRECTORY. 



NAMES. 


AlU'.IYAL. FlELBOFLAlOB 


DEATH, AVITHDEAAVAL 
OR HETIUEMEXT. 


J. Conn, 


1 8 G 8 , Raghapuram 


D. Dec. 1871. 


AV. Smith, 


1868, Travancore ... 


D August, 1874. 


31. F. F. Trench, 


18G8. Luck now 


D. June, 18G9. 


J. AV.Knott. 


I860, Lahore 


D. June, 1870. 


J. Shearman, 


1869, Madras 


II. Dec. 1871. 


E. Peake, 


1870, Tinnevolly ... 


ft. Jan. 1872. 


A. Yarn old, . . 


1871, Hyderabad . . . 


11. 1878. 


AV. AY. Cox, 


1871, Masolipatam 


H. 1872. 


H Davis, 


1871, Taljhari 


D. Sept. 1877. 


S.T. Leupolt, 


1871, Calcutta 


11. Feb. 1878. 


H. II. Kendall, 


]872, Madras 


ft 1877. 


AY. Mitchell, 


1872, South India .. 


ft. 1877. 


II E. Jennings, 


1872, Timievelly ... 


11. 1875. 


E. Carter, 


1872, Allahabad ... 


D. Aug. 1872. 


A. Morgan, 


1872, Masulipatam 


II Oct. 1879. 


I'. H. Baring, .. 1872, Amritsar 


11 Apr. 1880. 


T. Maxwell, . . 1S73, Kashmir 


11 Nov. 1875. 


G. T. M. Grime, " 1873, Agra 


D. Oct. 1878. 


B. H Skelton, . 1874, Azimguvh ... 


11. 1880. 


E. Blackmore, . . 1874, Tinnevcllv ... 


D. Oct. 1879. 


]). T HiUTV, 


187G, Madras etc. ... 


11. Jan. 1879. 


T. AY. Ainley, 


1877, Cot.tavam 


R. Feb. 1879. 


H. I). Dav, " 


1879, Calcutta 


ft, Xov. 1879. 



GOSPEL PROPAGATION SOCIETY. 97 

II. THE GOSPEL PROPAGATION SOCIETY. 

" THE Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in For- 
eign Parts" was organized in June, 1701, when it received a 
charter from William III. It was designed " to provide for the 
ministrations of the Church of England in the British colonies 
and to propagate the Gospel among the native inhabitants of 
those countries." The Society began its labors in India in 1817. 
I. MADRAS PRESIDENCY. During the early years of the 
present century the old Danish Missions which were rapidly 
decayiog were transferred as a rule to the Christian Knowledge 
Society and by this to the Propagation Society. In 1817 the 
latter Society established missions at Bangalore and in the prov- 
ince of Cuddapah. For many years but little progress was 
made in these fields : but within the past fifteen years there 
has been a great ingathering of converts, especially in Cudda- 
pah. For several years prior to 1816 the misson of the Knowl- 
edge Society in Madras was sadly disorganized and inefficient : 
but in this year through the efforts of Bishop Heber while 
visiting Madras a thorough reformation was made and the mis- 
sion revived at once. In 1825 a large church was completed-: 
and about this time the mission was made over to the Propaga- 
tion Society by which it has since been sustained. 

The Danish missions in Tanjore and Trichinopoly passed 
into the hands of the Society about 1820. In these provinces 
the Society now has nine central missions besides numerous out- 
stations. Cuddalore in the province of Arcot, and several sta- 
tions in Madura, were also occupied about 1820. The early 
Bishops of the Church of England manifested peculiar interest 
in all the Society's missions, and by the erection of the see of 
Madras in 1835 the interests of these missions were still 
further advanced. 

The first missionary appointed to Tinuevelly was the Rev. 
D. Rosen in 1829. In 1839 the missions were divided into 
small districts, which proved an excellent plan. In 1844 at Saw- 
yerpuram and at Christianagram there were general movements 
towards Christianity and hundreds of accessions : so at Edeyen- 
goody and Nazareth. 

In the same year two Theological Seminaries were eatab- 

is 



98 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIREOTORY. 

lished, one at Sawyerpuiam in Tinnevelly and the other at 
Vediarpuram in Tanjore ; a third which had previously existed 
at Madras, was re-modelled. 

In Tinuevelly and Ramnad the number of villages in wl ich 
ihere are Christian congregations is 631. There are four Board- 
ing schools, and several orphanages. In every district tliere 
is a Local Church Council, in addition to which there is a Pro- 
vincial Church Council, in which all the clergy, European and 
Native, and elected lay representatives from each district, have 
a place and by which all questions affecting the welfare of the 
Native church are considered. It has been partly through the 
great increase of voluntary evangelistic effort which has taken 
place in Tinuevelly for some yeais past, and partly the influence 
of the lessons taught by tbehistory of famine relief, that sonoany 
thousands of the people have within the last few years abandon- 
ed heathenism and placed themselves under Christian instruc- 
tion. The progress made will be seen from a comparison of 
the following numbers : persons under Christian instruction, 
including baptized and unbaptized, in 1877, 1878 and 1879 res- 
pectively, 22,8^6 ; 39,946 ; 44,069. 

A Medical mission was opened at Nazareth in 1870. There 
are also flourishing dispensaries at Erungalore and Madras. 

When the Prince of Wales visited India, in 1875, 10,000 
Native Christians of Tinnevelly, headed by Drs. Caldwell aud 
Sargent, met His Royal Highness and presented him with an 
address, to which he made ail appropriate reply. 

In March, 1877, the Rev. Dr. Caldwell, thu founder of 
the mission at Edeyengoody, was conseciated as Sufiiagan 
Bishop, Coidjutor to the Bishop of Madras. 

II. BENGAL PRESIDENCY. The attention of thu Society- 
was directed to Bengil immediately after the foundation of the 
Episcopate. In 1818 Bi.-hop Middleton proposed the establish- 
ment of a College to train Christian agents, and of Schools for 
Hindoos and Mohammedans. His proposal was favorably re- 
ceived and the foundation-stone of the new Institution at 
Calcutta was luid December loth, 1820: the building was com- 
pleted about four years afterwards. The institution has since 
been known as Bishop's College, 

At the suggestion of Bishop Heber, the Society appointed 



GOSPEL PROPAGATION SOCIETY. 99 

the Rev. T. Christian to Bhagulpur, in 1825, where he labored 
a short time and died in 1827. The Rev. W. Morton, who was 
the first missionary sent to Bengal by the Society, was ap- 
pointed to Chinsurah, in 1829. The station was abandoned in 
1837. Tally gunge was also occupied in 1829. The first mis- 
frion;try, the Rev. Mr. Tweedle, died in 1832, but the work 
has been successfully and steadily carried fwward. 

The Society established a station in Cfwnporein 1832, the 
Rev. J. Carshowe being the first missionary appointed. Tez- 
pur, in Assam, was occupied in 1850. Forty schools have 
been established and at least nine Christian communities form- 
ed. The work at Delhi was begun in 1854. The mission was 
broken up by the Mutiny and the missionary, the Rev. A, R. 
Huboard, and ihree assistant missionaries, were put to death 
by the rebels: but the mission was soon renewed, and has been 
greatly prospered since. Burmah was occupied by the Society 
in 186^5, when a mission was opened at Rangoon. Moulmein 
and Mandalay were taken up in 1869 and Touughoo, in 1875. 
At Rangoon, St. John's Collego contains about 600 boys. 
Work is carried on among the Tamils, Chinese and others. 
Mandalay was given up in 1879. The Chota Nagpore mission 
dates from 1869, when a number of Berlin missionaries who 
had been laboring there for years joined the Society. The 
progress here has been steady. Roorkee was occupied in 1871, 
Banda, in 1872. 

In 1877, the Cambridge mission at Delhi was opened. It 
is carried on by the Rev. E. Bickersteth and five associates. 

III. BOMBAY PRESIDENCY. Bishop Heber while in Bom- 
bay in 1827, formed a committee in connection with the Propa- 
gation Society, but it was not until 1859, that n mission was 
established. A mission at Guzer.it was opened in 1830, but was 
checked in the early death of its first missionary, the Rev. Mr. 
Peitinger.Kolhapur was occupied in 1870, Ahtnednagar in 1872, 
and Dapoli, in 1878. In 1879 the statistics of the Society 
were as follows : 

European missionaries, 53, increase since 1871, 12. 

Native do. 62, do. 25. 

Native Christians, 53,842, do. 8,759. 

Communicants, 16,187, do. 5,583. 



TOO INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

MISSIONARY BISHOP. 

The Right Rev. Bishop (Robert) Caldwell, D. D., L.L.D , M.R A.S. 
Born May 7, 1814, near Belfast. Studied at Glasgow. Ordained July 
7, 1837. Came to India in 1837 in connection with the London Missionary 
Society, and labored at Madras until 1841 when he joined the Gospel Pro- 
pagation Society. In 1842 commenced a station at Edeyengoody where 
he labored many years. March 11, 1877, consecrated at Calcutta Suffra- 
gan Bishop, coadjutor to the Bishop of Madras. 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ABHISHEKAXATHAX, SAMUEL. B. in Tinnevelly, Dec. 18,1847. O.D. 
June, 1878. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Rangoon, Burmah. 

ABRAHAM, G. 0. 1879. Ad. Ramnad, Madras P. 

ABRAHAM, Y. 0. 1874. Ad. Nazareth, Do. 

ADAMSON, T. A. 1871. Ad. Saivyerpuram, Do. 

A DEIKTJLAM, D. 0. 1860. Ad. Aneycadoo, Do. 

ALT, ABDUL. 0. 1879. Ad. Band*. N-W. P. 

ALI, ASAD. 0. 1880. Ad. Delhi. 

ALLNTIT, S. S. 0. P. 1866. A. 1879. Ad. Delhi. 

ANTONI, DARI. 0. 1875. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

ATHANASITJS. 0. 1873. Ad. Do. Do. 

BATSCH, FREDERICK GOTTLIEB. B. Jan. 24, 1820 at Straupitz, Ger- 
many. 0. Berlin, July 8, 1844. A. Dec. 1844. S. Chota Nagpore, till 
1868, in connection with the Berlin Society, since then in connection with 
the S. P. G. H. in 1860 and in 1874. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagporf. 

BICKERSTETH, EDWARD. O. P. 1874. A. 1877. Ad. Delhi. 

BILLING, G. A. 1871. Ad. Ramnad, Madras P. 

BLACKETT, HERBERT F. A. 1878. O. P. at Delhi, 1880. H. to 
Eng., 1880. 

BLAKE, W. H. A. 1875. Ad. Tanjore, Madras P. 

BOHN, F. A. 1869. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

BOWER, HENRY. A. 1844. Ad. Madras. 

CARLYON, HENRY C. 0. P. 1873: A. 1878. Ad. Delhi. 

CHAITD, TARA. B. in Delhi, Nov. 5, 1839. O.D Dec. 1863. O.P. 
1864. S. Delhi. L. " Mufta-ul-Iman," a manual of Christian Faith, Gyan 
Darpan, the same in Hindi character ; " The Epistle to Diognetus" (Urdu 
and Hindi) S. P. C. K. Depot, Cawnpore ; " Tazkarat-ul-Mominin, or 
Christian Life of the First Three centuries" ; " Mawaiz-i-Uqba or the 
Letter of a Jewish convert to her father." Ad Delhi. 
CHOWDRY, B. C. 0. 1857. Ad. Hoivrah, Bengal. 
CHRISTIAN, S. 0. 1869. Ad. Mudaloor, Madras P. 
CLAY, JOHN. B. May 5, 1828 at St. Thomas Mount, Madras. 0. D. 
March 12, 1854.10. P. April 1, 1855. S. Pastor of Engl. congregation 
nt Cuddapah, 1854-56, since missionary among Telugus in Kurnal and 
Cuddapah Districts. L. " Elementary Catechism." " O. T. Stories:" 



GOSPEL PROPAGATION SOCIETY, roi 

Translation of the Gospels and Acts from the original ; compendium ot 
" Pearson on the Creed." Ad. Mutyalapad, Kurnal, Madras P. 

CUE, J W. A. 1862. Principal Bishop's Col. Ad. Calcutta. 

COTTLBECK, J. A. A. 1874. Ad. Moulmain, Burmah. 

DEVASAYAM, SWAMIDIAN. B. at Nazareth, Aug. 5, 1832. 0. D. 
March 17, 1867. 0. P. Jan. 31, 1869. S. Edeyengoody 1867, Mudalur 

1869, Ramnad 1871, Puthiamputhur 1878, Tuticorin 1879. AV. Native 
Pastor. Ad Tuticorin, Madras P. 

DEY, G. C. 0. 1875. Ad. Moarahat, Bengal. 
DREW, WILLIAM. B. at St. Columbo, Cornwall, in 1840. A. 1865, 
Ad. Barripore, Bengal. 

DUNNE, D. H. G. A. 1868. Ad. Caivnpore, N.-W.P. 

DUTT, ROGER. B in 'Calcutta, Nov. 9, 1847. 0. April 4, 1874. S. 

1868. Christ Church School, Cawnpore : 1869, Bishop's Col., Calcutta : 

1870, Ranchi. Has been engaged in both Engl. and ver. W. L. Two 
small pamphlets, (1) A Compilation : " Questions and Answers on the 
order for Morning and Evening Prayer" (2) " The Church Catechism." 
Both are in Hindi and procurable at the S. P. 0. K. Depot, Cawnpore. 
Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

ELEAZER, J. 0. 1862. Ad. Salem, Madras F. 

ELLIS, PERCY ANSLEY. B. Kensington, Jan. 19, 1855. A. Dec. 14, 
1877. 0. D. Poona, June, 1879. S. Poona, Kolhapur, Ahmednagar. Ad. 
Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

ENDLE, SIDNEY. A. 1864. Ad. Tezpore, Assam. 

FAIRCLOUGH, J. A. 1866. Ad. Rangoon, Burmah. 

FLEX, OSCAR THEODOR. B. Aug. 27, 1840, at Dubrau, Prussia. A. 
in connection with Gossner's Society, in March, 1861. 0. in 1869. M. 

1869. S. Ranchee. W. in charge of mission schools, and engaged in 
other ver. L. TJraun Grammar (in Engl .) translations of Scripture portions 
into Uraun : several works in German. H. 1871-72. In 1877 joined 
the S. P. G. Now in Europe. 

GADNET, ALFRED. A. 1872. Ad. Dapoli, Bombay F- 

GHOSE, B. C. 0. 1875. Ad. Ranchi, Chota, Nagpore. 

GILDER, CHARLES. A. 1860. Ad Bombay. 

GNANADHIN, JOSEPH. B. in Tinnevelly, Oct. 17, 1846. 0. D. Jan. 30, 
1876. 0. P. March 17, 1878. E. Sawyerpuram Col. S. Pathiamputhur 
1876, Ramnad 1878. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Ramnad, Madras P. 

GNANAKKUN, G. M. B at Nazareth, Dec. 18, 1830. E. Sawyer- 
puram In st. and Madras Sera. 0. D. Dec. 24, 1871. 0. P. Oct.* 11, 
1874. S. Naugoor and Tranquebar. Ad. Tranquebar, Madras P. 

GNANAMTJTTU, ABRAHAM. B. in Tinnevelly, Feb. 14, 1839. 0. D. 
March 9, 1879. E. Sullivan's Gardens, Madras. W. Native Pastor. Ad. 
Daviputam, Ramnad, Madras P. 

GNAPRAGASAM, PARANJOTHY. B. at Nazareth, Sept. 10, 1837. 0. D. 
Palamcottah, Jan. 26, 1873. Ad. Ramnad, Madras P. 

GNAYAYUTHUM, P. 0. 1879. Ad. Ramnad, Madras P. 

HARRISON, HENRY JOSEPH. B Allahnbad, Nov. 10, 1824, E. Bish- 
op's Col. Calcutta, 0. D. Nov. 1, 1848. 0. P. Mav 1. 1851. S. Kha- 



102 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIR MOTOR Y. 

ri, 1848 ; Barripore, 1855. Tollygunge, 1871 to present. Ad. 7W///- 
gunge, Benyal. 

HERZOG, A. A. 18G9. Ad. Rnnclii, Chota Naf/pore. 

HILL, J. K. A. 1862. Ad. Banda, X.- W. /'.' 

HOFPNER, FREDERICK HENRY THEODORE. B. Prisaimewitz, Ger- 
many, April 10, 1829. 0. June 26, 1853. and 0. to full orders Oct. 
4,1864. A Dec. 27, 1853 S. Buxar 1853, Gba/ipore 1854-61, Mu- 
zafferpore 1864-74. H from 1874-75 : 1U. in connection with 8. P G in 
Oct. 1875. S. Iloorkee. 0. I) Dec. 19. 1875. 0. P. Feb. f>. 1876. 
Ad. Roorkee. N.-W. P. 

HUNTER, T. W. A. 1876. Ad. Calcutta. 

IGNATIUS, J. O. 1863. Ad. Christianagram. Madras P. 

IN MAN, A. A. 1877. Ad. Mittlalpad, Do. 

JONES, W. E. A 1879 Ad. Toitngkoo, Burmah. 

JOSEPH, D. 0. 1879. Ad. Puthiamputhur. Madras P. 

JOSEPH, S. 0. 1869. Ad Do. Do. 

KAY, W. H. A. 1875. Ad. Tan/ore, Do. 

KEXXET, CHARLES EGBERT. B. at Madras, Sept. 21, 1826. 0. 1). 
Feb. 2, 1851. P July 25, 1853. S Tinnevelly, 1848-65, Madras 
1805 to present. C. K. 8. Secretary from July, 1865 to April, 1880. In- 
cumbent of St. John's Church from Oct. 1868. Divinity Lecturer in 
Theol. Hem. 1872-78. Principal of S P. G. Theol. Col. Oct 18, 1878 to 
present. H. from March 1860 to July 1861 and from April 1875 to 
Oct. 1875. Ad. 8ullivan's Gardens, Madras. 

KOHLHOFF, CHRISTIAN SAMUEL.* B. in Tanjore, May 14, 181-".. 
O. D. Jan. 6,1839. 0. P. Jan. 6, 1840. S. Mudaloor 1839, Dindigal, 
1840, Trichinopoly, 1841. Erungalore 1843, Vepery, Madras, 1846. H. 
1853-56. lit. Jan. 19, 1856. S. Madras 1856, Erungalore 1858, Tri- 
chinopoly 1859, remaining at Erungalore. Founded in 1862. a Fund 
for the pension of widows. Served as a Delegate for the Revision of the 
Tamil Bible, and the Book of Common Prayer S. P. C. K. in Tamil. L. 
Compiled a Hymn-book in Tamil. (Depository at Madras'). Ad. /',/?'/?- 
f/alore, Madras P. 

KRISTNA, J. 0. 1879. Ad Tounylioo, Burmah. 

KRUGER, FREDERICK. B. in Germany, Apr. 2, 1837. A. 1863. 0. 
as S. P. G. Missionary in 1874. S. Pnrulia, 1863-66, since, Chaibassa. 
L. Translated Book of Common Prayer into the Lorka language : compil- 
ed First Ueader in the same. H. 1873. Ad. Chaibassa, Chota Naff porf. 

LATKWAUD, H. E. G. B. at Boulogne, France, June 1, 1849. A. 
1876. O. D. 1877. 0. P. 1878. S Xolhapur. Ahmodnagar, Poonn. Ad. 
] y oona. 

LAZARUS, G. 0. 1862. Ad. Bangalore. 

LEDGARD, G. A. 1863 Ad. Bombay. 

LEEPER, F. J. A. 1857. Ad. Cuddalore, Madras P. 

* It is a singular fact that in the family of Kohlhoff.s, the missionary succes- 
sion has been preserved 140 years, from father to son, nml to the grand son, nil 
laborers in India. 



GOSPEL PROPAGATION SOCIETY. 



103 



LBI-KOY, G A. 0. D. 1878. A. 1879. Ad. Delhi. 

LUTHER, W. 0. 1869. Ad. Ranchi. Chota Nagpore. 

MANUEL, 'A. 1875. Ad. Tan/ore, Madras P. 

MARGOSCHLS, A. A. 1877. Ad. Nazareth, Do. 

MAKKAS. 0. 1873. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

MAKKAS, MARSA. 0. 1875. Ad Do. Do. 

MARKS, J. E. A. 18G3 Ad. Rangoon, Burmah. 

MAKDWAI. 0. 1879. Ad Tounghoo, Do. 

MASIH DAS. 0. 1873. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

MASILAMANI, A. 0. 1856. Ad. Puthiamputhur, Madras P, 

MITTER, P. L. X. 0. 1869. Ad. Jhanjra, Bengal. 

MURRAY, J. D. M. A. 1877. 0. P. at Lahore, 1879. H. to Eng. 
1880. 

XATH, K M. 0. 1870. Ad- Calcutta. 

NORMAN, HARRY BATHURST. B. Havre, Trance. U. D. March 14, 
1880. A Mnrch, 1879. W. Bishop Caldwell's Chaplain and assistant in 
the evangelistic department of his work- Ad- Edcycngoodij, Palamcot- 
tah, Madras P. 

OSWELL, G- D. Ad- Calcutta. 

PAKKIAM, D. 0. 1876. Ad. Edcye.ngoody, Madras P. 

PARKNJOTHY, G. 0. 1874. Ad. Do. Do. 

PARNPERSHED, KASCHAH. 0. 1875. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

PAUL, B. X. 0. 1862. Ad. Aleerpore, Bengal. 

PEBLLHAYAGAM, J. 0. 1879. Ad. Puthiamputhur^ Madras P. 

PERIANAYAGAM, II. 0. 1874. Ad. Nazareth, Do. 

PRABHU DHANG. 0. 1873. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagporc. 

PRIESTLY, J. J. A. 1877. Ad. Kolhapur, Bombay P. 

SAMUEL, D. 0- 1859. Ad. Edeyengoody, Madras P- 

KASDEL, H. X. 0. 1857. Ad. Calcutta. 

SAYAUIHUTTU, D. 0. 1851. Ad, St. Thome, Madras. 

SEBASTIAN, AMIIOXY. B. M'adras, Sept- 5, 1837. E. Madras Train- 
ing List M. Jan. 19, 1859. 0. D. Madras, J\I arch 17,1867. 0. P. 
Bangalore, Sept. 19, 1869. S. Oossoor, 1867-71 ; since, Secunderabad- 
\V. Xative Pastor. Ad. Secunderabad, Deccan. 

SiiAiiROCK, J. A. A. 1577. Now in Europe. 

SHEPHERD, HICIIARD DEXDY. B.April 10, 1855, in Tenterden, Kent. 
1. Due. 1. 1.877. 6. D. March 9, 1879. 0. P. March 14, 1880. S. Mul- 
\a.lt)pad 1877-80, since, Kalasayad. Ad- Kalasayad, Madras P. 

SHWAY XYO. 0.1878. Ad. Tounyhoo, Burmah. 

SINGH, YAQUB KISHAN. B. near Agra, Dec. 15, 1S'26. 0. Xov. 19 
1871. Ad. Xohlak, Punjab. 

SOLOMON, P. 0. 1879 Ad. Piithlamputhur, Madras P. 

SI-NDOSHAM, D. 0. 1879. Ad. Do. Do. 

SUVESASHAMUTTU, A. 0. 1879. Ad. Do. Do. 

STRACHAN, J. M. A. 1862. Ad. Madras. 

ST. DIAGO, J. A. 1866 Ad. Bombay. 

SWAMLTUSEX, A. 0. 1865. Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. 

SNVAMIDASEN, S. 0. 1871, Ad, Ramnad, Do. 



104 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

TABBIE. 0. 1878. Ad. Tounghoo, Burma k. 

TARYNAH. 0. 1878. Ad. Do. Do. 

TAYLOR, A. A. 1860. Ad. Eastern Erungalore, Madras P% 

TAYLOR, J. A. 1866. Ad. Kolhapur, Bombay P. 

Vi;DAKKAN,ARTJitANAYAGAM. B. at Na/areth, 1836. 0. 1). March 
C J, 1879. E. Madras Diocesan Seui. Ad. Paumben, Madras P. 

VETHAMUTHU, DKVAPIXAM. B. at Nazareth, 1833. E. Diocesan Sem. 
Madras. 0. D. 1866, 0. P. 1869. AV. Theol Tutor, at Sawyerpuram 
1866-72, since 1872, Native Pastor. Ad. Sawyerpuram, Madras P. 

WHTTLET, J. C. A. 1862, Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

WILLIAMS, T. A. 1869. Ad. Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

WINDLEY, T. "W. A 1875. Ad. Toungkoo, Burmah. 

WISXEB, R. R. A. 1860. Ad. Delhi. 

WTATT, J. L. A. 1866. Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. 

YESADIAN, GUMBATHAM. B. May 12, 1830. D. Jan. 31, 1869. 
0. P. Jan. 30, 1876. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Pettakulam, Madrat P. 

YESADIAK, MADURANATASAM. B. Nazareth. 1833: 0. D. 1867, 0. P. 
1869. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Nazareth, Madras P. 

YESUDIAN, S. 1879. Ad. Puthiamputhur, Madras P. 

YESTTDIAN, S. G. 0. 1865. Ad. Do. Do. 

YESTOIAN, V. B. Nazareth, Aug. 20, 1835. 0. March 9, 1879. 
L. " Christian's duty of preaching to the Heathen" (in Tamil, Origi- 
nal. Ad Eral, Tinnevelly, Madras P. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

A. F. Cammerer. 0. 1835. Ret. Ad. Madras. 

John Guest, B. at Quilon, Oct. 11, 1812. E. at the C. M. S. 
Inst. and labored a short time with that Society. In 1832 joined the 
Wesleyan Society and labored in the Engl. school at Black Town. In 
March, 1836 transferred to Melnattam Tanjore, and thence in Feb. 1838, 
to Madras. In Jan. 1850 rejoined the Church of England and was 
appointed as catechist to Black Town. 0. D. by the Bishop of Madras 
Feb. 27, 1842, after which time he labored at Pulicat until Oct. 1842, 
when he was 0. P. and appointed to Cuddalore. In Jan. 1866 appointed 
to Erungalore ; in Oct. 1847 to Tanjore ; in June, 1851 to the Vepery 
mission, Madras, where he labored until April, 1864 : then re-appointed 
to Tanjore where he continued until Oct. 1872 when he was transferred 
to Trichinopoly and placed in pastoral charge of the Fort congregation. 
Ret. 1879. Ad. Poonamallee, Madras. 

Thomas Phillip Adolphus. B. at Tranquebar, April 14. 1820. 
0. D June 18, 1848, 0. P. Feb. 2, 1851. S, Sawyerpuram 1848, Ram- 
nad and Paumben 1854, Pallamcottah, 1855, Trichinopoly 1864, Cana- 
dagoody, 1879. Ret. 1880. Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. 

Balavandram David. B. in Tanjore, Dec. 1823. E. in S. P. G. 
Theol. Sem. Madras. 0. D. March, 13, 1854. 0. P. June 7, 1857. S, 
Ootacamund 1854-57, Madras 1858-74, W, Native Pastor. Ret. in 1874 
on account of failure of sight. Ad. Vepery , Madras. 

Q' 



CHAPTER VI. 

THE WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 

THE attention of the Wesleyan Church was directed to 
India by the venerable Dr. Coke, the " Father of Methodist 
Missions," in the year 18J3 : prior even to the formal organiza- 
tion of the Missionary Society. His heart was so set upcn 
establishing a Mission to India that he offered to defray the 
expenses of beginning the same himself to the extent of 
6,000. Accordingly at the Liverpool Conference in August, 
1813, Dr. Coke and six young ministers, the Rev. Messrs. 
Ault, Lynch, Erskine, Harvard, Squance and Clough were ap- 
pointed to proceed on a Mission to the East Indies. Judging 
that he would meet with less opposition from Government by 
beginning operations in Ceylon rather than in continental India, 
Dr. Coke with the party sailed for the former place, at the close 
of December, 1813. He died on the voyage ; of apoplexy as 
was supposed, he being found dead in his cabin on the 3rd of 
May, 1814. (He was at this time sixty-six years of age.) The 
other members of the party committed the body of their leader 
to the deep, and proceeded on their way, arriving at Bombay 
May 21st. After spending a month here they (with one 
exception) embarked for Ceylon, where they arrived and began 
the work which has been carried continuously forward since. 

From Ceylon the work spread to Madras. The Rev. Mr. 
Lynch was the first missionary of the Society here : he arrived 
in 1817, and labored successfully, especially among the Eng 
lish-speaking population. A chapel was erected in Black Town : 
subsequently work was begun among the Hindoos and Mo- 
hamedans. In 1859 a commodious Tamil chapel was built 
near the English church which is now the centre of the North 
Tamil circuit. The centre of the South Tamil circuit is at 
Royapettab, where a large native chapel has been erected and 
a flourishing Anglo-vernacular school established. Soon after 
the commencement of the work in the city of Madras, stations 
were formed and schools established at St. Thomas' Mount, 

14 



jo6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRKOTu RY. 

Stations were also formed at Trichinopoly (1818), at Nega- 
patam, Manargudi, and Melnattam (1821); and (in 1861) at 
Warriore, Trivalur and Carur. In 1862 it was proposed to 
open a station at Hyderabad, and two missionaries visited the 
country about the Godavery, but several causes led to a post- 
ponement of operations. Hyderabad was taken up in 1879. These 
places aie all included in the "Madras District." A " Children's 
Home'' was commenced in 1877. It has four branches at 
Madras and elsewhere, and contains upwards of 300 children. 

In 1817, the Rev. J. Homer was appointed to Bombay, 
and was joined in 1818 by the Rev. J. Fletcher, but from various 
causes the mission was relinquished in 1821, and the mission- 
aries transferred to other places. 

In 1820 the Rev. Messrs. Mowat and Hoole were appoint- 
ed to Bangalore, but suffering shipwreck just before reaching 
Madras, they remained for a time at the latter place. In May, 
1821, Mr. Hoole proceeded to Bangalore, and was soon after 
joined by Mr. Mowat. They began to preach at once, but 
before the work was fairly organized were called away to other 
stations. During the following three years Bangalore was 
visited only occasionally by the missionaries. In 1826 it was 
once more occupied ; by the Rev. J. F. England, who preached 
in both English and Tamil and laid the foundation of a Native 
Church which has continued to the present. In 1836 the Rev. 
Thomas Hodson who was familiar with Canarese was appointed 
to the station aud began at once to preach in that tongue. 
Subsequently schools were opened, buildings erected, and an 
active printing establishment formed. Seringapatam was occupied 
in 1821, the Rev. T. Close being the first missionary to visit the 
place. A resident missionary was not appointed until some 
years later. Stations were formed at Gubbi in 1837, at Mysore 
and Ootacamand in 1839, at Tumkur in 1857, and at Shimoga 
in 1863. In 1853 the inhabitants of the city of Mysore peti- 
tioned the Society to establish in their city a first class English 
school, which was accordingly done : the school has continued 
in successful operation ever since. In 1873 Hassan became a 
regular station. The stations just named together with Banga- 
lore form the " Mysore District/' In the Famine of 1877 a 
new orphanage was formed at Hassan, and those at Bangalore 



WFSLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



107 



and Tumkur were enlarged. In all, 500 orphans were received. 

In 1829 the Rev. Messrs. P. Percival and Thomas Hodson 
were appointed to commence missionary operations in Calcutta. 
They arrived early in 1830, and entered upon their assigned 
work. They preached, built a native chapel and established 
schools : but after three or four years the station was aban- 
doned and the laborers transferred to other places. After the 
lapse of about thirty years the way opened for the re-establish- 
ment of the mission, and in 1862 the Rev. Messrs. Broadbent 
aad Highfield were appointed to the station. They arrived in 
September, 1862, and the work has since been carried steadily 
forward. 

In 1864, the Society commenced operations at Lucknow 
by appointing the Rev. D. Pearson as chaplain to the garrison, 
and missionary. In 1869 a " Calcutta District" was formed, 
embracing Lucknow and Calcutta. Benares was occupied in 
1880. This station, together with Lucknow and Fyzabad, 
constitute the " Benares District." It will thus be seen that 
the work of the Society in India is divided into four Districts, 
the Madras, the Mysore the Calcutta and the Benares. 

The Society now occupies 24 stations in India. It has 44 
foreign missionaries, 8 Native ordained agents and upwards of 
2,000 Native Christians, of whom 1,000 are communicants. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ARNOLD, SAMUEL. B. Spalding, Lincolnshire, July 8, 1853. 0. 
Sept. 11, 1879. A. Oct. 30, 1879. Ad. Rungpur, Bengal. 

ARTJMANAYAGAM, R. B. in Tanjore, May 25, 1842. E. Diocesan 
Inst. Madras, 0. Jan. 13, 1878. S. Manargudi, 1878, Trichinopoly, 1879 
Black Town, 1880. Ad. Black Town, Madras, 

BARLEY, A. F. A. 1867. Ad. Madras. 

BATJGH, G. A. 1861. Ad. Calcutta. 

BOULTER, R. S, A. 1871. Ad, Madras. 

BROADHEAD, J. R. A f 1875. Ad. Calcutta, 

BtrR0E8s, WILLIAM. B. Stockport, Sept. 12, 1845. A. 1866. S. 
Manargudi, 1866-71. Madras, 1871-74. H. to Eng. 1875-76. Madras, 
1876-78, since, Hyderabad. Ad. Secunderabad, Deccan. 

CARMICHAEL, THOMAS. A. 1879. Ad. Fyzabad, Oudh. 

COBBAN, G. M. K. A. 1872. Ad. Madras. 

COOLING, J. A. 1871. Ad. Madras. 

DTXON, JOHN. A. 1863. Ad. Madras. 



Io8 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

ESLICK, ELISHA ROBERT. B in S. Wales, Aug. 30, 1852. 0. at 
Birmingham, Oct. 4, 1878. A. Nov. 15, 1878. Ad. Bangalore. 

EVERS, PETER JAMES. B. Arcot, Jan. 23, 1831. 0. 1857. S. 
Negapatam, 1857-58, Madras, 1859-62, Manargudi, 1863-66, Madras, 
1867-72, Negapatam, 1873-75, Trichinopoly, 1876-78, Madras 1879 
to present. W. Tamil and Engl. L. Prize Hand-bill (Tamil) on " the 
Throne of Grace," Tract Society. Translated in Tamil, " Englishwo- 
man in India ;'' Higginbotham and Co. Madras, and " Life of Rev. 
John Wesley, M.A,": Eclipse Press, Xegapatam. Ad. Madras. 

FENTIMAN, ALBERT. A. 1864. Ad. Benares. 

FRYAR, GEORGE. B. Wrekenton, Eng. Jan. 17,1835. A. 1861. 
O. Jan. 15, 1865. S. Xegapatam, 1861-66, Manargudi, 1866-79, since 
at Madras. H to Eng. 1874-75. L. "Tamil Proverbs." (incorporated 
with the Rev. P. Percival's work, published by Henry S. King and Co. 
in 1875.) " The Hill stations of South India," 1880 : Messrs. Higgin- 
botham and Co. Madras. Ad. Madras. 

GLORIA, E. E. A. 1854. Ad. Madras, 

GOSTICK, F. W. A. 1878. Ad. Mysore. 

GULLIFORD, HENRY. B. Wheddon Cross, Somersetshire, Eng., Nor. 
15,1852. 0. in Sept. 1877. A Oct. 1877. S. Bangalore 1877, since 
at Mysore. W. educational. Ad. Mysore. 

HAEGH, H. A. 1874. Ad. Mysore. 

HALIDAT, F. A. 1874. Now in Europe. 

HOBDAY, G. A. 1857. Ad. Madras. 

HOBDAY, J. A. 1852. Ad. Do. 

HOCKEN, C. H. A. 1871. Ad. Mysore. 

HUDSON, JOSIAH. B. Westmoreland, 1840. Entered the ministry 
1862. E. Lon. 1863. A. March, 1864. S. Bangalore 1864-65, Mysore 
(High School) 1866-67, Bangalore (High School) 1867-76. H. to Eng. 
from May, 1876 to June, 1878, since, Bangalore, in charge of Theol. List, 
and Chairman of Mysore Dist. Ad. Bangalore. 

JOHNSON, JOSEPH A. Noiv in Europe. 

KALYANA, RAMAN. 0. 1869. Ad. Madras. 

KENDALL. W. C. A. 1877. Ad. Calcutta. 

LITTLE, H. A. 1872. Ad. Madras. 

LUKE, S. A. 1878. Ad. Mysore. 

MACDONALD, JAMES ALEXANDER DONALD JOHN. B. Banbury, Oxon, 
Oct. 1855. 0. Birmingham, Oct. 4,1878. A. Xov. 1878. Ad. Bar- 
rackpore, Bengal. 

MALE, A. H. A. 1874. Ad. Lucknow. 

PATTERSON, G. A. 1875. Ad. Madras. 

PICKEN, WILLIAM HENBY JACKSON. B. Lincoln, Eng. July 15, 1855. 
O. Bradford, York, Sept. 13, 1880. E. Theol. Inst. Richmond. A. 
Nov. 1880. Ad. Bangalore. 

PRATT, BENJAMIN. B. Bradford, Eng, 1853. 0. I860. A. Oct. 
1880. S. Sccunderubad, Deccan. 

REKS, D. H. A. 1875. Ad. Mysore. 
RIDDETT, A. P. A, 1871. Ad. Do. 



WESLE YA N MISSION All Y SOGIET Y. 109 

ROBERTS, ELLIS. B. Clocaenog, N. Wales, Aug. 11, 1850. E. Dids- 
bury Col. A. Nov. 1875. 0. Bangalore, 1878. S. Chikballapur. Ad. 
Bangalore. 

Row, COOPASWAMI. O. 1875. Ad. Madras. 

SAMUEL, JACOB. O. 1874. Ad. Mysore. 

SAWDAY, G. W. A. 1875. Ad. Do. 

SLATER, J. R. A. 1877. Ad. Madras. 

SPENCKR, WILLIAM MARSHMAN. B. Draycott, Somerset, March 
9, 1856. 0. Bradford, York, Sept. 13, 1880. A. Nov. 13, 1880. Ad, 
Raneegunge, Bengal. 

SULIVAN, H. 0. A. 1838. Ad. Madras. 

SIMONS, SILAS EDWARD. B. Cornwall, Eng. Nov. 20, 1831. O. 
I.on. Sept. 1858. A. Feb. 1859. S. Madras, 2 years, St. Thomas' 
Mount 3 years, Bangalore 14 years. H. to Eng. from 1869-71. Ad. 
Bangalore. 

THOMPSON, J. M. A. 1876. Ad. Madras. 

VANES, JAMES ALFRED, B. in 1853. E. New Kingswood, Bath. 
(B. A. Lon. 1873), 0. Jan. 1876. A. March, 1876. S. Bangalore, 1876-77 
Gabbi, 1878, since, Bangalore, in charge of Wesleyan High School. Ad. 
Bangalore. 

WASNAL, R. D. A. 1874. Ad. Mysore. 

WHITNEY, JOSEPH. B at Grendon, Eng. in 1857. 0. at Lon. in 
Oct. 1876. A Dec. 3. 1876. Has labored since at Calcutta. W. ver. 
Ad. Calcutta. 



CHAPTER VII. 
THE GENERAL BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THE General Baptists of England formed a Missionary So- 
ciety in 1816, the leader in the movement being the Rev. J. G. 
Pike. In May, 1821, the Rev. William Bampton and the Rev. 
James Peggs were appointed as the Society's first missionaries 
to India. After remaining two months at Serampore and Cal- 
cutta they proceeded to Cuttack, where they arrived February 
12, 1822. Mr. Bampton removed to Pooree in 1823, where he 
labored until his death in 1830. The first mission chapel at 
Cuttack was opened in November, 1826, on the site of a 
heathen temple. The first converts were made in 1828. In 
1836 orphanages were established at Cuttack. Many children 
saved by the Government from the Meriah sacrifices were made 
over to the missionaries. The mission press was established at 
Cuttack in 1838, and has done much to promote the enlighten- 
ment of Orissa. 

Stations were formed atBalasore in 1827, and at Midnaporo 
in 1836, which were made over to the American Free Baptists. 

The Society has now four principal stations, Cuttack, Ber- 
hampore (Ganjam) Piplee, and Sumbulpore, C. P., with several 
important out-stations. 

The following were the statistics for 1880 : 
Foreign missionaries, 
Native ordained agents, ... ... 10 

Native Christians, 2,722 

Communicants, ... ... 997 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

BAILEY, THOMAS. B. April 11, 1837, at Barton Fabis, Leicestershire, 
at which place he was subsequently called to the ministry. E. at General 
Baptist Col. at Sherwood Rise, Nottingham: 0. at Ashley-de-la-Zouch, 
Sept. 17, 1861. A. Nov 30, 1861. M. 1873. Has labored at Berhampore, 
Russelcondah, Cuttack and Piplee, mainly in the ver. but partly in Engl. H. 
to Eng. Jan. 1, 1872 to Oct 24, 1873. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 



GENERAL BAPTIST SOCIETY. i { i 

BABRICK, THOMA SANTRA. B. in 1837, at Byalli, Orissa. E. in the mission 
asylum, and the Col. at Cuttack. M.April 18, 1855. O. Jan 1, 18C3. Has 
labored at Cuttack. Berhampore, Piplee, Choga, and Sumbulpore. Ad. Sum~ 
b it lp ore, C. P. 

BROOKS, WILLIAM, ESQ. B. in 1819, at Tick nail, Derbyshire. M.jn 1841. 
A. Nov. 27, 1841. H, in 1860 and in 1867, five years and ten months in 
all. Has labored at Piplee and Cuttack: as Supfc. of the mission press, in 
charge of asylum, orphanages, and engaged in ver. preaching. Has edited 
'' Introduction to the study of Oriya," compiled a new edition of " Oriya 
and English Dictionary," revised Bunyan's " Holy "War," etc : Cuttack 
Mission Press. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

BUCKLEY, JOHN. A. Sept., 1844, Labored at Cuttack. H. 1875-76. 
Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

DAS. HARAN. 0. 1867. Ad. Macmillanpatra, Cuttack, Orissa. 

DAS, MAKANDA. 0, 1849. Ad Piplee, Orissa. 

HEBERLET, PERCIVAL EDWIN. B. at Benares, July 21, 1854. A. 
1879. Ad.. Sumbulpore, C. P. 

MAHANTY, DAMODAR. 0. 1844. Ad. Berhampore, Ganjam, Mad- 
rat P. 

MILLER, WILLIAM. B. April 7, 1824, at Douglas, Isle of Man. 0. 
May, 1845. A. Sept. 1845. S Piplee, Pooree and Cuttack. L. Two Dic- 
tionaries, Engl. and Oriya; and Oriya Synonyms: translations, "Pictures 
and Sketches of Church History," ''Fulfilled Prophecy," Tract on Maho- 
medanism, (Oriya) ; Tract " Praise to God" (Oriya and Sanskrit) : 
Cuttack. H. 1857, 1870, 1879. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

NAIK, GHANU SHY AM. B. in 1824, in Orissa. Baptized June 30, 
1839. E. at the mission school and college at Cuttack. O. in 1856. 
Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

NAIK, KUMBHTT. 0. 1849. Ad Khundittui , Orissa. 

PIKE, JOHN GREGORY. B. March 23, 1845, at Wisbech, Eng. E. at 
Regents Park Col. Lon. 0. Jan. 5, 1869. Labored as pastor of 
Baptist Church, Commercial Road, Lon. 1868-73. A. Dec. 20, 1873. 
8 Cuttack 1874-77, Berhampore, 1877-78, Cuttack, 1879, since, at (Ad.) 
Sumbulpore, C. P. 

PATRA, SEBO. 0. 1841. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

PATRA, TAJIA. 0. 1849. Ad. Russelconda, Ganjam, Madras P. 

SAHOO, SHEM. B. Dec. 9, 1840, at Cuttack. Baptized Aug. 3, 1856. 
E. in the Mission Col. at Cuttack. M. May 24, 1859. 0. Feb 26, 1869. 
Has labored since at Khoordah, as the agent of the " Auxiliary Mission- 
ary Society," formed at Cuttack in 1867. Has written a tract and sever- 
al hymns : translated into Oriya " Pilgrim's Progress," Part First : 
Bunyan's " Dying Sayings : and " Sweet Story of Old" : Mission Press, 
Cuttack. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

SINGH, PAUL. 0. 1856. Ad. Choga, Athyur, Orissa. 

VAUGHN, J. A. 1878. Ad. Piplee, Orissa. 

WOOD, HENRY. B. June 26, 1843 at Stalybridge, Cheshire, Eng. 
0. Sept. 1872. A. Dec. 1876. Ad. Berhampore, Ganjam, Madras P. 



I 12 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 



NAMES. 



DATE OK ARRIVAL. 



JJJ.U1OU. -LJ-, 

Dec. 1827, 
'Dec. 19, 1841, 
Dec. 1857, 



William Bamptoh, Feb. 12,1822, 

James Peggs, ! do. do. do. 

Charles Lacey, Dec. 19, 1823, 

Amos Sutton, ... JMarch 11, 1825, 

Joshua M. Cropper, ... 

Thomas Grant, 

John Orissa Goadby, ... 

Bonamalee 

Bamadabe, ... 

Doitaree N-aik, 

Deenabundhu Mahanty, 

Sebo Sahoo, 

Ram Chandra Jacheck, 
Jajannath Mahanty, ... 
Gunga Dhor Sarangee, 

Jagoo Roul, 

Pursooa Rout, 

William Bailev, 



DEATH. 



Dec. 17, 1830. 
Jan. 5, 1850. 
Jan. 8, 1852. 
Aug. 17, 1854. 
Dec. 8, 1828. 
Feb. 4, 1843. 
July 27, 1868. 



Oct. 1, 1850. 
May 31, 1852. 
Sept. 1857. 
Dec. 25, 1860. 
Oct. 20 1863. 

1864. 

Nov. 4, 1866. 
June 18, 1870. 

1873. 

1880. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



NAMES. 



DATE OF ARRIVAL. 



RETIREMENT. 



William Brown, Dec. 1830, 

John Goadby, 'Dec. 17, 1833,... 

John Brooks, 'April 1, 1835, ... 

Isaac Stubbing, 'Feb. 1837, 

Henry Wilkinson, 'March 30, 1839, 



... 1837. 

...1837. To America. 
... June, 1845. 
...March, 1865. 
1859. 



William Hill, 
George Taylor, 
J. H. Smith, 



Dec. 29,1855, 

do. do. do. 

Nov. 7, 1874, March, 1877. 



CHAPTER VIII. 
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

IN the month of February, 1796, two Missionary Societies 
were formed in the Church of Scotland; they were called the 
Glasgow and the Scottish Missionary Societies. In 1822 the 
latter Society sent to Western India the Rev. Donald Mitchell, 
who arrived in January, 1823, but died about eight months 
subsequently. Shortly before his decease there arrived three 
other laborers, the Rev. Messrs. John Cooper, James Mitchell 
and Alexander Crawford : and these were joined in February, 
1824 by tho Rev. John Stevenson. These missionaries labor- 
ed first in the Southern Concan: but this field not proving 
very eligible it was abandoned and the Mission was transferred. 

About 1825-26, the Church of Scotland became more 
throughly awakened in the cause of missions, and in the latter 
year a general missionary collection was made. The interest 
increased in 1827, and the Church began looking about for a 
missionary. The Rev. Alexander Duff was eventually chosen, 
and is generally spoken of as the first missionary of the Church 
of Scotland. He embarked for India in October, 1829, and 
arrived in Calcutta, in May, 1830. 

In August, 1835 the Rev. Messrs. James Mitchell, R. 
Nesbit and John Wilson (of the Bombay mission) were on their 
own application amicably transferred from the Scottish Mis- 
sionary Society to the Church of Scotland. Between 1829 and 
1835 a flourishing educational institution had been established 
at Bombay, chiefly through the efforts of Mr. Wilson. 

During the next few years the Church sent a number 
of missionaries to India, among them the Rev. Mr. Anderson, 
who proceeded to Madras to establish an institution of learning 
similar to those already in existence at Calcutta and Bombay. 

The Disruption occurred in May, 1843, and materially 
lessened the number of foreign missionaries of the Church of 
Scotland, those in India universally adhering to the Free 

15 



I 1 4 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Church ; and this of course caused a temporary cessation of 
the missionary operations of the Established Church. The 
Society's educational institutions were re-opened soon after 
the Disruption ; that in Calcutta by the Rev. Dr. Ogilvie 
who spent more than 25 years laboring in connection with it. 
At Calcutta and Bombay, buildings had been erected and these 
with libraries, furniture, etc., remained in the hands of the 
Church of Scotland. In 1871 these schools, contained in all near 
2,000 pupils. While the Society has in the main confined 
its operations to the Presidency seats it has also taken up 
other stations. Sealkote in the Punjab was added in 1858 ; 
Secunderabad and Vellore were occupied in 1861 : Guzrat, 
(Punjab), in 1868; Darjeeling, in 1870; while in 1873 the 
Chamba mission, founded in 1863 by the Rev. Mr. Ferguson 
of the Scotch Kirk, was made over to the Society. 

The Society now occupies 10 stations in India and has 17 
foreign missionaries and 4 native ordained agents: with 681 
native Christians, and 326 communicants. 

Reference may here be made to the " Presbyterian Alliance 
of India." 

" Indian missionaries of various Presbyterian Societies 
anxious for unity, have formed themselves into a Confederation 
in order that while retaining connection with their own distinct- 
ive denominations, they may act together in India as one un- 
divided community. The importance of the organization will 
be seen in the fact that missionaries of the following societies are 
associated with it: tho Church of Scotland, the Free Church of 
.Scotland, tho United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, the 
.American Presbyterian Church aud the Reformed Church in 
America." The Confederation held its first conference in Allaha- 
bad in November, 1873, and another at the same place in Decem- 
ber, 1875, at which time an organization called " The Presby- 
terian Alliance of Indi.a ;> was formed, which is to meet in Coun- 
cil ordinarily once in three years. The first Council was held 
in Dec. 1877, the second (at Allahabad) in Dec. 1880. 



CHURCH CF SCOTLAND SOCIETY. j i 5 

MISSION ARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

BAILEY, WELLSLEY COSBY. B. at Abboyleix, Ireland, in 184G 
Came to India in 1869 in search of Government employment. Afterwards 
joined theLodiana Mission (American Presbyterian) as head master of the 
Amballa mission school in Dec. 18G9. M. in Oct. 1871. Was appointed 
Supt. of the Lodiana mission school in Nov. 1872 : went home in 1873 on 
account of wife's health. Sent ont as an evangelist to Chamba in Nov. 
1874 by the Church of Scotland. W. both Engl. and Ver. In Oct. 1879 
transferred to Wazirabad. Is Indian Hon. Sec. to the Mission to Lepers 
in India : author of several pamphlets on Mission work among Lepers, 
Ad. Wazirabad, Punjab. 

BOURQUIN, A. A 1871. Ad. Bombay. 

CrircivERBUTTY, BiPRO CHURN. B. near Calcutta, in 1823. Fore- 
fathers were Kill in Brahmins, and priests by profession. His mother 
burned herself as a suttee. Was brought up in the Government Sanskrit 
Col., Calcutta. Was baptized in 1 843 : began teaching and preaching in 
Bengali. Licensed in 1868, and 0. in 1872, by the Presbytery of Cal- 
cutta, as pastor of St. Andrew's Bengali Church, Boitakhana : L. Six 
Tracts on " The Hindoo gods and goddesses :" a tract on " The True 
Guide:" and two small Christian hymn-books : published by the Calcutta 
Tract and Book Society. Also a Bengali Grammar ; a series of Bengali 
books, and two elementary Sanskrit books for the use of the missionary 
schools in Bengal. All except the tracts and Grammar now out of print. 
Some years ago was editor for more than two years of a bi-monthly Ben- 
gali periodical, called the " Aurunodaya." Ad. Calcutta. 

COOMA HAPPEN, D. Ad. Vellore, Madras P. 

EDWARDS, JAMES. 0. Sept 15,1874. S. Bombay, two years; since, 
General Assembly's List, Calcutta. \V. Educational. Ad. Calcutta. 

HARPER, WILLIAM. B. Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 1845. 0. Sept. 
1873. A. Nov. 1873. S. Gujrat, 1873, Sealkote, 1874 to present. L. 
" Religious Ritual," both in Engl. and Urdu," " Prayer Books" in Engl. 
to be had of the author. Ad. Sealkote, Punjab. 

HASTIE, WILLIAM. Principal, General Assembly's Inst. Ad. Calcutta. 

HUTCHESON, Joux. ( L. R. C. P. and S. E.) B. Dumfriesshire, 
Scotland, 1847. A in April 1870 : S. Sealkote, 1870, to Nov. 1873, 
since at Chamba. H. 1877. Ad. Chamba, Himalayas. 

LAL, SOHAN. Ad, Chamba, Himalayas. 

LEGATE, G. W. Ad. Arcomtm, Madras P. 

MACFARLANE, WILLIAM. B. in Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland. Jan. 
5, 1840. Licensed to preach in St. Andrews in May 1862, and 0. in 
Glasgow, Jan. 1865. Labored in Glasgow in connection with St. Coluni- 
l-a's church 1862-65. A. March, 1865. Labored in Gya from March, 
1865, till June, 1870, when the mission of the Church of Scotland in 
that place was removed to Darjeeling, where he was transferred and 
where he has since labored. W. both Engl. and Ver. ; both teaching 
and preaching. Has written and translated two or three simple Primers 
and tracts in Nepaulese and Lepcha : Darjeeling Mission Press. Ad. 
Darjeeling, Bengal. 



1 1 6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

MEL YIN, WILLIAM FOTHRINGHAM. B. St. Cyrus, Kincardineahire, 
Nov. 26, 1842. A. Feb. 22, 1867. W. Principal, General Assembly's 
Inst., Bombay. H. from April, 1874 to May, 1875. Ad. Bombay. 

PATERSON, CHARLES ALFRED, ESQ. B. Glasgow, Feb. 22. 1817. 
E. at Glasgow Univ. (M. A., LL B.) A. March 15, 1880. . Not O. \V. 
Educational. A. Vettore, Madras P. 

RICE, HENRY. B. at Bangalore. Jan. 4, 1846. E. at Blackheath. 
Lon., Cheshunt Col. and the Missionary Col. at Highgate, Lon. 0. Aug. 
15, 1869. A. Madras. Oct. 8, 1869. S. Coimbatoor. Transferred in 
Nov. 1870 to the L. M. S. Inst, Madras. In Jan. 1873 appointed to 
the charge of Salem and Tripatoor. From March, 1875 to Xov. 1876 
labored at Tripatoor. H. from Nov. 1876 to Feb. 1879 . M. Jan. 
17, 1879. lit. in March, 1879. S. Madras. Labored in evangelistic work 
in Madras in connection with the L M. S. until Nov. 30, 1880, when he 
transferred his services to the Church of Scotland Mission. Madras. At 
present evangelistic W. in Engl. and Ter. with the oversight of schools. 
L. " Helps to truth seekers, or current objections to Christianity consi- 
dered," (Engl.) Bangalore Tract and Book Society. Ad. Madras, 

RUNGANATHUM, C. Ad. Vellore, Madras P. 

SAMUEL, W. Ad. Madras. 

SINCLAIR. 1). B. East Lothian, in 1844. E. Edinburgh Univ. 
(B. A. 1866). A. 1869 : has labored since at Madras. W. Educational. 
L. History of India: Addison and Co. Madras. Ad. Madras. 

SUTHERLAND, WILLIAM SOMEES. B. Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, 
Jan. 4, 1856. E. Aberdeen, (graduated in 1876; M. A.) 0. in Dec. 1879. 
A. Feb. 1880. Ad. Darjeeliny. 

THOMSON, JAMES. B. Aberdeen, Scotland, 1854. O. 1878. A. 
1878. Professor in General Assembly's Inst , Calcutta Ad. Calcutta. 

TUENBULL, ARCHIBALD. B. Kirkliston, July 26, 1855. E. Educa- 
tional Univ. (M. A., B. D.) O. Edinburgh. Xov/1880. A. Jan. 1 2, 1881. 
Ad. Darjeeling. 

WILSON, JAMES. B. at Glasgow in 1836. E. at the High School 
and Univ. of that city. Engaged for several years in commercial employ- 
ment in Glasgow. A. as a lay missionary in 1862, and has labored in 
connection with the Assembly's Inst., Calcutta. M. in 1864. H. 1870- 
71. Note in Europe. 

YOTTNGSON, JOHN WHITE. B. in Rosehearty, Scotland, March C, 
1852. 0. July 28, 1875. A. Oct. 10, 1875 -.'has labored since t 
Guzrat. L. " Haqiqi Qurbani" in Urdu. Ad. Guzrat, Punjab. 



RETIRED AND DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

James Ogilvie, D. D. B. in Keith in Banffshire in 1811. E. at the 
Univ. of Aberdeen. He was appointed to India, and A. at Madras in Jan. 
1845. In 1846 he was transferred to Calcutta where the rest of his life 
was spent. By him as Principal and his colleagues, the General Assemb- 
ly's Inst. was re-opened in 1846. In 1867 the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
was conferred upon him by his Alma Mater. During the 26 years of his 



CHURCH OF SCOTLAND SOCIKTY. 117 

Indian career he never went on furlough. Towards the close of 1870 
he was seized with fever ; he was ordered to Singapore ; hut as he grew 
weaker he had to be landed at Penang, where he D. Jan. 25, 1871. 

James Charles Herdman, D. D. Labored for several years in the 
Assembly's Inst. at Calcutta. Afterwards obtained a chaplaincy, then 
became minister of a parish church in Melrose. Is now the Convener of 
the Foreign Mission Committee of the Church of Scotland. 

John Anderson. Labored for several years in the Assembly's Inst. 
at Calcutta. Upon taking furlough was appointed to the parish of Culter 
in Lanarkshire, Scotland. 

William White. Labored for a few years in the Assembly's Inst. 
at Calcutta : then obtained charge of Presbyterian Church, Manchester. 

Charles James Cameron. E. in Canada. Labored for about two 
yo;iis in Bombay. Left about 1869 from ill health, and proceeded to 
Australia. Is now in Canada. 

Charles Munro Grant. 0. by the Presbytery of Glasgow. Was for 
about two years in charge of a church in Halifax. Labored for two j r ears 
amongst the educated Natives of Calcutta. In 1871 Eet. from ill health, 
and is now minister of St Mary's church, Partick, Glasgow. 

William Ferguson. 0. (about) 1852. A. in 1853, as a missionary 
of the Church of Scotland : appointed to Bombay lit. home the same or 
following year on account of wife's health. Was appointed chaplain in 
the army, and served through the Crimean War and the Indian Mutiny, 
being present at the siege and capture of Lucknow. Served in I. till 
1863, when he resigned his chaplaincy with the view of beginning an 
independent mission in Chamba. Labored in Chamba till 1870, when he 
went home. Pi. in 1872. Itet. in 1873, when his mission was made 
over to the Church of Scotland. 

Jacob Isaac David. Son of the Rev. Isaac David. B. at Salem, 
Fob. 23, 1838. E. in the L M. S. Inst. at Madras. Joined the Church 
of Scotland in 1858. 0. 1859 S. Madras until his death, Aug. 19, 1869. 

Joseph David. Son of the ftev. Isaac David. B. at Salem in 1830. 
E. in the L. M. S. Inst. at Madras. Joined the Church of Scotland in 
1849 : in 1860 was licensed by the Presbytery of Madras and appointed 
to Yellore. where he continued to labor until his death, early in 1865. 

Thomas Hunter. B. in Aberdeen, Dec. 4, 1827. A. at Bombay in 
1855 Labored here some months : in Oct. 1856 proceeded to the Punjab, 
and began a station at Scalkote, where, with his wife and child, he perish- 
ed at the hands of the rebels in July, 1857. 

R. Javdine B. in 18-10, at Brockville in Canada. E. at Queen's 
Col. Kingston. (B A. and B. D. 1866). Afterwards proceeded to Scotland 
and attended the Univ. of Edinburgh, where he obtained the degree of 
Doctor in Science in 1867. In the same year was appointed Professor 
in the Univ. of Xew Brunswick where he remained two years. 
Was appointed to India, and 0. by the Presbytery of Glasgow. A. at 
Bombay in Feb. 1870, whore he romainocl one year. Avhen he accepted 
the Principalship of tho Genernl Assembly's Inst. Cfilcutta, which ho 
filled till Juno. 1879 when ho Koi. L. ' ; tho Psychology of Cognition." 



CHAPTER IX. 
FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

No history of the Free Church of Scotland Missions in 
India would be complete without prominent reference to tho 
work done prior to 1843 at Calcutta and elsewheie. Immedi- 
ately on his arrival in Calcutta, Dr. Duff established an educa- 
tional Institution for the godly training of non-christian young 
men in English Literature, Science, etc. He had specially in 
view the c mversion of souls to Christ and thereafter the train- 
ing of such for the Christian ministry, not only for the Church 
of Scotland, but also for other Missions and Churches co-opera- 
ting with him. As regards the latter part of his scheme lie 
sought and obtained the sympathy aud promise of co-opera' ion 
from the members of the Calcutta Missionary Conference. The 
idea seems, however, to have been premature then, aud nothing 
came of it for many years, but it is now largely carried out in 
the Christian College of South India at Madras. The Institu- 
tion soon became a great success, aud the names of upwards of 
a thousand boys were on its rolls. The education, as tested by 
the most experienced, was pronounced thoroughly efficient, and 
the Governor General of the day, Lord William Bentinck, pub- 
licly declared the result as " unparalleled.''' From the begin- 
ning the teaching of the Bible and public prayer occupied the 
most important place in the daily work of the Institution. Dr. 
Duff says that, " while from the very first the Bible itself was 
made a school and class-book it was so made distinctly, avow- 
edly and exclusively for religious and, devotional exercises." Form 
the beginning Dr. Duff also, in addition to the work in the ins- 
titution, carried on outside it evangelistic and missionary services 
of various kinds. In these his colleagues and successors also en- 
gaged, but the work both in the Institution, as far as carried on 
directly by the European missionaries in Bengal, has been by 
means of the English language. The first converts of the mis- 
sion were the fruit of these extra labours. They were Mohesh 
. Ghose and the now well-known Sanskrit scholar, the Rev. 



FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND SOCIETY. \ 19 

K. M. Bannerjea, LL. D. They were led to the Lord in 1832. 
The first convert from the Institution was baptized the follow- 
ing year. Dr. Duft' had in the meantime been joined by other 
laborers, and when in 1834, his health had so completely brok- 
en down through over exertion that he was forced to leave the 
country for a few years, the work was left under the charge of 
Dr. Mackay, Dr. Ewart, and others. 

The Mission was also extended by the opening of branch 
schools in the neighbourhood ; but more especially by the en- 
largement of the work in Bombay and Poona. In the Bombay 
Presidency the missionaries gave themselves much more to the 
vernacular languages and the study of oriental thought and 
religious systems. Among their first converts were the Parsee 
Dhunjeebhoy Nowrojee and the Brahmin Narayan Sheshadri, 
both still labouring as honored ministers, and the Rev. Hormasd- 
jee Pestonjee now in the Baptist mission, Poona. The west- 
ern Mission laboured among Jews, Parsees, Mahomedans, Por- 
tuguese and Africans, as well as Hindoos, speaking various lan- 
guages. Dr. Wilson was also largely helpful in the establish- 
ment of the Irish Presbyterian Missions in Gujerat and Scindh 
and of the United Presbyterian Church Missions in Rajpootana. 
The work at Madras was carried on also on the same educa- 
tional plans as the Bombay and Calcutta Missions. Among 
its most distinguished converts were the late Rev. A. Venkata- 
ramiah and the Rev. J. Rajabgopal. The work here also ex- 
tended not only in the capital but also in the surrounding towns 
and villages, by means of branch schools and schools for girls. 

When the Disruption took place in the Church of Scotland, 
all the missionaries without exception, fourteen in number, ad- 
hered to the Free Church party, believing that it better than 
the other party represented the Church which had sent them 
out. The work went on, as far as they were concerned, 
without any change of plan, agency, locality or sphere of labour, 
save that additional men were sent out and new fields occupied. 
The Madras Institution continued in the same building, being 
only hired, but tho Calcutta and Bombay Institutions had to 
vacate the old buildings and to obtain new ones, which they 
aoon did. Immediately after the Disruption tho Free Church 
opened a new mission in Nagpore under the Rev. S, Hislop, by 



I 20 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRUGTORY. 

means of money left for that purpose by the wife of Captain, now 
Sir William Hill, K. C. S. I. Other missions soon followed in 
the rural districts of Bengal, Bombay and Madras. 

The rural missions at Mahanad in Bengal under the Rev. 
J. D. Bhuttacharjea, and that at Indapore and Jalnain Bombay 
under the Rev. Narayan Sheshadri, arc of especial interest, but 
carried on on two different plans, the first bein^ 1 chiefly educa- 
tional and consequently for the young. The other is more 
purely evangelistic, and remarkable as the only Free Church 
mission in a feudatory State. Near the place where Dr. 
Wilson was forbidden to preach in 1832, the Nizam's Govern- 
ment has granted a free site for a Christian Church and renewed', 
on favourable terms, a lease of the land on which a Christian 
village has been built professedly as a centre of evaugelistic 
operations in His Highness' dominions. This village had only 
two Christians in it in 18G4. Now there are 600. 

Pachamba, near the Kurhurballi coal mines about 210 
miles N.-W. of Calcutta, is the centre of missionary operations 
among the Santals. In addition to smaller branch stations 
there are two Larger ones. This mission was opened in 1871. 

The Rev. James Dawson commenced work in 1869, among 
the 300,000 Gonds in and around Chindwara, some 70 miles 
north of Nagpore, and has laboured among them ever since, as- 
sisted by catechists, evangelists and teachers. 

With greater or less persistency, the Bombay missionaries 
have laboured to evangelize the Waralis a jungle tribe in the 
Northern Concan, from 1834 to the present time, but not with 
such encouraging results as have followed labours given to the 
aboriginal tribes in other parts of India and Burmuh. 

Besides these Indian Missions, the Free Church of Scot- 
land carry on missionary operations on the continent of Europe, 
in Syria, in Central and South Africa and in the islands of the 
New Hebrides in Melanesia. Altogether since the Disruption 
586,828 have been subscribed towards the Foreign Missions 
of the Free Church alone, and there are now in connection with 
them 3,384 communicants, of whom 891 are in India; there 
are also in India 1,476 baptized adherents in connection with 
them. 

The prosout staff iu charge of 10 principal stations, and 



FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND SOCIETY. 121 

43 branch stations are, 22 European and 8 native ordained mis- 
sionaries, 9 licentiates, 5 unordained medical missionaries, 12 
European missionary teachers, and 12 other teachers, 144 native 
teachers, 2 European lay evangelists, 36 native catechists and 
40 other Christian agents, making in all 286 Christian agents. 
This includes the work carried on by the Ladies' Society 
for Female Education in India and South Africa, commenced 
in 1837 by Mrs. Margaret Wilson the wife of Dr. John Wilson 
of Bombay. It works chiefly by means of orphanages, Board- 
ing and Normal schools for the growing native Christian com- 
munity, Hindu day schools and Zenana teaching. This Society 
works side by side with the Foreign Missions of the Free 
Church and is really an integral part of tliem_ [K. S. M.}_ 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ALEXANDER, ALEXANDER. A. 1877. Ad. Madras. 

ANDREW, ADAM. B. Dailly, Scotland, June 7, 1851'.- 0. June 19+. 
1879 at Glasgow. A. Sept. 23, 1879. S. Chingleput. W. Yer. Ad.. 
Chinylepiit, Madras P. 

BANER/EA, P. K. 0. 1879. Ad. Bansberia, Bengal. 

BANERJEA, SHIB CHANDRA. AcU Calcutta. 

BAUBOO, II. M. Ad. Madras* 

BEAUMONT, J. S. A. 1855. Ad. Poona: 

BHUTTACKARJEA, JAGADISHWAR: B. about 1823. Baptized at Cal- 
cutta by Dr. Duff, in Nov. 1841. O-. Sept. 1855. Ad. Mahanad^ Bengal. 

BLAKE, BUCHANAN, A. 1876, Ad. Bombay. 

BOSK, P. C. Ad, Calcutta. 

CAMPBELL, ANDREW. A. 1871. Evangelist among the Santhala. 
Ad. I'achatnba, Bengal. 

COOPER, CHARLES. B. Oct. 26, 1831, in the- parish of Kincardine 
O'Neil, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Licensed,. 1864. 0. Jan. 23, 1866. 
Ws pastor of the United Presbyterian- congregation, Holm of Balfron, 
Stirlingshire, Scotland from Jan. 23 V 1866 till Nov. 1868. A. Feb. 27^ 
1869. Head Master, Doveton Protestant Col., Madras five yeays. 
Joined the Free Church Col. Madras,, in April, 1874, where he still labors. 
W. Engl. H. 1879-80. Ad. C'astemode, Madras. 

COOPEK, JOHN G. 0- in Nov. 1855, and A. at Madras in the follow- 
ing month. In 1856 he proceeded to Nagpore, where he has since la- 
bored. H. 1870-72. Ad. Nagpore, C. P. 

DANIEL, S. A. Ad. Calcutta. 

DAWSON, JAMES. B Dunblane, Perthshire, Scotland, Sept, 29, 1832. 
0. Edinburgh, Oct. 6, 1864. A. Nov. 1864. S. Nagpore 1864, Chind- 
wara, 1866 to present. L. Original: " Gondi Words and Phrases;" "Addi- 
tional Gondi Vocabulary ;" " A Skeleton Grammar in Gondi -" " Gondi 

1G 



122 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

First Book," C. V. E. S. Allahabad. Translated Gospels according to St. 
Matthew and St. Mark in Gondi, N. I. B. Society, Allahabad. H. to 
Scotland, 1875-76. Ad. Chindwara, C. P. 

DAY, LAL BEKARI. B. 1826, at Palasi, Burdwan, Bengal. E. afc 
the General Assembly's Inst , then under the superintendence of Dr. 
Duff. Baptized in 18-13. 0. in 1855 by the Free Presbytery of Calcutta 
and appointed to Calna. In 1859 travelled through North-west and 
Central I. M. in 1860, at Gogo, Guzerat. On returning to Calcutta 
was elected pastor by the congregation of Native Christians at Corn- 
wallis' Square, and inducted minister of that church in Oct. 1860. "Re- 
signed this charge in 1867, and was appointed Head Master of the Gov- 
ernment Col. at Berhampore. In 1872 transferred to the Hooghly Col. 
as Assistant Professor; is now Professor of Engl. Literature and History 
in the same. Though not now formally connected with any mission he 
holds every Sunday with the sanction of the Free Presbytery of Calcutta 
at the mission church at Chinsurah a service in Engl. for the benefit of the 
Europeans and others of that station. L. (1 ) In Bengali, for the Cal- 
cutta Christian Tract Society, a tract on " Vedantism," which has since 
been translated into Engl. (2,) Edited in Bengali for the Tract Society 
a fortnightly illustrated periodical, " The Aurttnodaya." (3.) Started 
successively two weekl}- newspapers in Engl. " The Indian Reformer," 
and "7'Ae Friday Review" (4.) Published in 1867, "An Antidote to 
Brahmoism, in Four Lectures :" (5.) Has written several pamphlets, 
such as " Searchings of Heart in connection with Missions :" " Literary 
Beauties of the Bible :" " Primary Education in Bengal," etc. Is the 
author of " Govinda Samanta :" Macmillan and Co., Lon. ; and " lleeol- 
lections of Alexander Duff ;" 1879, Nelson and Sons, Edinburgh. Is at 
present Editor of the Bengal Magazine, a monthly periodical in Engl. 
Ad. (Hooghly College ) Chinsurah, Bengal. 

DE, BAIKANTHA NATH. Ad. Calna, Bengal. 

DE, KEDAR XATIF. 0. 1880. Ad. CJnnsuran, Do. 

DOUGLASS, JOHN. A, 1878. Ad Nay pore, C. P. 

DIEU, JAMES ALEXANDER. (L. R. C. S. Ed.) B. Leslie, Scotland, 
July, 1848. A Deo 1875 II. Oct. 1877 to Nov. 1878. Unordained 
Medical missionary. Ad. Pachamba, Bengal. 

ELDER, WILIAM. (L. 11. C. S Ed.) B. Dec. 23, 1845, at Buckle, 
Banflfshire, Scotland. Home mission work in the Cowgate, Edinburgh 
for fivo ye:irs during Col. course. Appointed to I. in June, 1871. A. 
Nov. 11, 1871. Has labored at Madras ; ver. and Engl. preaching ; dis- 
pensary work and teaching. M. Dec. 29, Ib74. Ad. Madras. 

FrFi<:, \Vir.u \M CUICHTON. Appointed to Calna as a teacher Nov. 
15,1811. Licensed to the ministry Nov. 18, 1856, and 0. April 29, 
1860. S. China and Calcutta. H. 1871: since returning has served as 
Principal of the Free Church Inst. Ad. Calcutta. 

GRIEVB, ALEXANDER CHRISTIE. B. Portobello, Edinburgh, May 9, 
1817, 0. Edinburgh, Nov. 30, 1876. A. Feb. 10, 1877. Ad. Bombay. 

HECTOR, JOHN. 0. at Aberdeen, Dec. 14. 1871, and A. at Calcutta 
early in IS"-, where he has since labored. Ad. Calcutta. 



&REE GHVROH Of SCOTLAND SOCIETY. 123 

MACDONALD, D. (M. B.) A. 1878. Ad. Bombay. 

MACDONALD, KENNETH SOMEBLED. B. April 18, 1832, at Glen-Ur- 
quhart, Inverness, Scotland. Licensed, Oct. 9, 1861, 0. Jan. 8, 1862 : 
A. March 1, 1862. M. April 7,1863. Has labored at Calcutta. From 
->"ov. 1, 1873 to Feb. 1. 1875 was minister of the Free Church congrega- 
tion. "W. has been Engl. L. Annotated a number of Engl. Classics ; edit- 
ed and annotated Reid's " Enquiry' ; edited the periodicals, Indian Stud' 
cnt, 3 vols.: Calcutta Christian Advocate, etc : author and compiler of a 
number of school and college text-books, and of Lectures on Instinct and 
Intelligence" and " Auguste Comte, the Positivist" (translated into 
Bengali): " Rome's Relation to the Bible" ; " The Vedic Religion," etc. 
the most of which are obtainable at Thaoker, Spink and Co., Calcutta 
or at the Bible Society's House. IF. from Dec. 1871 to March, 1873: 
Is Hon. Secretary of the Calcutta Bible Society: Editor of Indian 
Evangelical 2ievien\ Ad. Calcutta. 

MACDONALD, RODERICK N. A. 1876. Ad. Calcutta. 

MACKICHAN, DUGALD. 0. in 1871, and proceeded to Bombay, where 
he lias since labored. Ad. Bombay. 

MAHATI.KAII, L. R. Ad. Indapoor, Deccan. 

MAITRA, GURU DAS. B in Bengal Sept. 6, 1826. O. Xov. 6, 1864 
by the Lodiana Presbytery at Uinballa. S. Calna, 1852-. r >7, Bansberia 
1857-59, Lahore 1859-69, since 18G9, Calcutta, W. Pastoral. Ad. 
Calcutta. 

MILLER, WILLIAM. B. at Thurso in 1838. 0. in 1862. A. in 
1862. Has been since, Principal of the Madras Mission Inst. of the Free 
Church. H. during 1862. Has published a number of Lectures, chiefly 
historical, especially, " The Plan of History." Ad. Madras. 

MISAL, SIDOBA BAPOOJEE. B. Sholapur, Sept. 1829. E. Ahtnednng- 
ar and Sirur. O. in connection with the Am. Board in 1859. S. Sirur 
1859-68, Berar 1868. In 1870 joined the Free Church Mission ; has 
labored since at Aniroati, Berar. L. several original tracts in Marathi. 
Ad. Amroaii, Berar. 

NAVALKAR. GUNPATRAO. Ad. Bombay 

NOWROJI, DHANJIBUAI. B in Gujrat, 1822. AVcnt 1o Europe with 
Dr. Wilson, in 1843. E. Free Church Col. Edinburgh. O. Edinburgh, 
1846. lit. 1847. S. Gujrat 1847-75. Bombay 1875 to the present, 
L. A tract, ' Polytheism of the Parsis," Bombay Tract and Bible 
Society. Ad. Bombay. 

RAT>, GEORGE MILNE. B. Udny, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Sept. 2, 
IblO. O. Aberdeen, June 27,1867. A. 1867. S. Madras. W. Pro- 
iu Free Church Inst. and Madras Christian Col. II. Frb. 1875 
to Sept. 1876. Ad. Madras. 

RAJ. \UGOPAL, P. B about 1823. Baptized at Madras June 20, 
1841. Licensed in 1846. In April, 1849 went to Eng. lit. to Madras 
in Dec 1850. 0. !S T ov. 26, 1851. In July, 1858 called to the pnstorato 
of the Madras Native church. In 1863 labored for a time at ^Nolluix- : 
since at Madras. Ad. Madras. 

ItouEETSO.v, JA.UI;S. 0. June 8, 1871. A. in Calculi a the .-jamt yc;ir. 



INDIAN MISSIONARY 'DIRECTORY. 

where he labored until Jan. 1877, when he resigned. Rejoined Jan. 1881. 
Ad. Calcutta. 

SCOTT, ROBERT. B. Banffshire, Scotland, Sept. 29, 1853. 0. Aber- 
deen, June 24, 1879. A. Dec. 1879. Ad. Bombay. 

SHESHADRI, NARAYAN. A Mahratta Brahman : baptized at Bom- 
Ijay, Sept. 13,1843. 0. Oct. 11, 1854. He labored at Bombay until 
1 862, when he re-opened the stations of Indapur and Jalna, where he 
has since been actively engaged. In 1873-74 he visited Europe and 
America. In 1880 went to America by way of China and Japan. Ad. 
Jalna, Nizam 's Territory. 

SMALL, JOHN. B. Arbroath, Scotland. Dec. 4, 1833. A. Dec. 1863. 
0. Poona, Dec. i860- "S. -Bombay and Poona. "NY. Educational and 
Evangelistic. H. from July, 1874 to Jan. 1876. Ad. Poona. 

SMITH, CHARLES MTCHIE. B. Keig, Aberdeenshire, July 13, 1854. 
A. Jan. 1877. S. Madras. "NY. Professor of Physical Science. L. A few 
Scientific papers in the proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 
Ad. Madras. 

STEVENSON, WILLIAM. 'B. Sept. 26, 1839. Licensed, -Oct. 18"63. 
O. Oct. 1864. Engaged in ministerial labor 'half a year "before coming 
to India. A. Dec. 9, 1864. S. Professor in Central Inst. and (at pre- 
sent) Secretary, Free Church Mission, Madras. Engaged in Engl. W, 
M. NOT. 1867. H. May, 1873 to Feb. 1875. L. "Hinduism and 
Christian Education" ; Two Lectures : published in Edinburgh. Trans- 
lated from the German, Bech's Outlines of Christian Doctrine; C. E. Y. S. : 
edited South 'India Missionary Conference Report, Addisonand Co., Mad- 
ras : "The Claims of Christ on the Human conscience;" Bombay Tract 
Society. Ad. Madras. 

STEYEXSON, WILLIAM H. 'B. Dundee, Scotland, March, 16, 1853, 
A. Eeb. 14, 1877. Not 0. W. educational and evangelistic. S. Pa~ 
chanibft; Bengal. 

STOTHEBT, RICHARD. 0. -Jan. 5, I860 and A. at Bombay in the 
following month. Labored two years at Nagpore, and was then trans- 
ferred to Bombay*. H. in 1871. Since 1872 has labored at Bombay. 
Ad. Bombay. 

AYiTixroN, 'DAVID. 0. July 13, 1869. A. shortly after, and has 
i:$oe labored at Nagpore. .Ad. IVaapore, C. P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

James Mitchell. B. near Stirling in 1800. 0. in Aug. 1822, and 
A. at Bombay in the following year. Labored for a time in the South- 
ern Concan. In Aug. 1835, was transferred to Poona, where he subse- 
quently labored. On the Disruption in 1843 he joined the Free Church. 
H. in 1853, and in i860. He D. at Poona, March 28, 1866. 

Robert ISTesbit. B. at Bowsdcn, County of Durham, March 22, 
1^03. -G. Dec. 15, 1826, and A. at Bombay 'Sept. 19,1827. Labored 
hi the Southern Concan until Aug. 1831, when he removed to Poona. 
Iia 1834 he visited the Cape of Good Hope and returned, recruited, to 



FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND SOCIETY. 12 $ 

Bombay, -where ho labored until May, 1848, when he went to Eng. lit. 
in May, 1851, continued his labors at Bombay until his death (frora 
cholera) July 27, 1855. L. (1) Discourses on Doctrinal Subjects," 
(English) : (2) " Essays and Reviews" : (3) " Analysis of the Bhag- 
wad Gita" (Marathi) ; (4) " OH True A tenement," (5) " On Ele- 
mental "\\ f orship" (Marathi). 

John Wilson, D. IX, F. II. S. B. in Laudcr, Dec. 11, 1804. O. 
Jime 24, 1828, A. at Bombay, Feb. 13, 1829. In Aug. 1835 he was 
teansf erred to the Church of Scotland, and in 1843 he went over to the 
Free Church. In Dec. 1835 he established the Engl. School, which 
subsequently became the Free Church Inst. In Jan. 1843 he visited 
Palestine and proceeded to Eng. where he remained until 1847. He 
returned to Bombay in Nov. 1847, and labored steadily until 1870 when 
he returned to Scotland and was chosen 3:Ioderator .of the General As- 
sembly. In 1871. he was again at his post in Bombay, where he labored 
until his death, December 1, 1875 He was at one time President of tho 
Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, and at another Vice Chan- 
cellor of the Bombay University. For many years he was Editor of the 
Oriental Chistian Spectator. Amcwig his literary works may be men- 
tioned the following : " Exposure of Hinduism" (whk-h has been trans- 
lated into many languages);" " Refutation of Mahomedanism" ; " The 
Lands of the Bible" "India Three Thousand Years Ago": "The 
Parsi Religion as contained in the Zend Avcsta" , " Memoirs of Mrs. 
Margar-ct Jl'ilson" : " History of the Sect of -the Muliarajas :" A Work 
on trie Aboriginal Tribes of this Country" : A icork on the Religious 
Excavations of Western India : " " A Work on Caste'' (not completed 
and not published) : a number of tracts in different languages ; and other 
works. 

Alexander Duff, D. D., LL. D. B. April 25, 1806, near Pitlochrio, 
Perthshire, Scotland. E, at the Univ. af St. Andrews and the Divinity 
School of St. Mary's College. In 1829 he was appointed a missionary 
to India, and was 0. at Edinburgh August 12, of the same year. In 
the following Oct. he sailed for Calcutta, where he arrived (after having 
been twice shipwrecked) May 27, 1830. He at once set to work in 
accordance with his instructions to open an English School. A begin- 
ning was made in the following Aug. His health failing he was obliged 
to leave India in July, 1834, but returned to his post, recruited, in May 
184:0. With the other India missionaries, when the Disruption occurred 
in 1843, he united with the Free Church, and was thenceforth identified 
with the Free Church Inst. He left I in 1850 and visited the Homo 
Church in the interests of missionary work. In 1851 he was Moderator 
of the General Assembly. In 1854 he paid a visit to America, where 
he received a hearty welcome. The Univ. of New York conferred upon 
him the degree of LL. D. By the autumn of 1855 finding his health 
sufficiently improved he again sailed for India and reached Calcutta Feb. 
16, 1856. In 1863 his health again failing he was compelled to take 
his final departure from I. which happened Dec. 20, 18G3. On the way 
home he visited Caffraria and other mission fields. On arriving in Scot- 



I 26 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

land assumed V>y the voice of the General Assembly the office of Convener 
of the Foreign Mission Committee, and in 1867 he was called to the 
professorship of evangelistic theology. Besides other literary labors was 
the author of " India and India Missions"-; (1840); and " The India 
Itebellion: its Causes and Results"; (1858). D. Feb. 12, 1878. Fide 
" Life" >.y Dr Smith. 

William Sinclair Mac-ey. D. D. B. at Thurso in Caithness, in 
1807. A- in Calcutta near the close of 1831. In 1838 his health failed 
and he visited Van Dieman's Land. R. in Aug. 1839, In 1855 he was 
obliged to proceed to Scotland for his health, but 11. to Calcutta early in 
1857. He Ret. in Feb, 1862, and D. in Scotland in Sept. 1865. 

David Ewart, D.D. B. near Alyth, Sept. 24, 1806. A. at Cal- 
cutta in 1834, and labored here continuously until Sept. 1856, when 
he took furlough. R. in Dec. 1858, but D. of cholera Sept. 9, 1860. 

Join; Anderson. B. May 23, 1805 at Kirkcudbrightshire. 0. in 
Edinburgh July 13, 1836, and A. at Madras Feb. 22, 1837. He found- 
ed the Free Church mission at Madras and continued to labor at its head 
until April, 1849, when failing health compelled him to return to Europe. 
In Dec. 1850 he was again at his post in Madras, where he continued 
to labor until hia death, March 25, 1854. 

John Macdonald. B. in Edinburgh, Feb. 17, 1807. O. March 
17, 1831 and served as pastor six years or more. A. in Calcutta Feb. 
17, 1838. He labored here until his death Sept. 1, 1847. 

J. Murray Mitchell, M. A., LL. D., B. in Aberdeen, in 1815. E. 
at Marischal Col., Aberdeen, and at Edinburgh. 0. in July. 1838. A. 
at Bombay, Xov. 1838. H. 1846-47. In Jan- 1857 failing he.ilth 
compelled him to leave I. Rt. in 1859. S. Poona, 1860-61; Bombay 
1861-63. On account of ill health went home in 1863. His health im- 
proved and he Rt. A. at Calcutta in Jan. 1868. Labored chiefly as 
Principal of the Free Church List- till Jan. 1873. Ret to Scotland in 
1873. W. mainly educational, with ver. preaching, in Marathi. L. Me- 
moir of the Rev. Robert Nesbit : " Letters to Indian Youth on the 
Evidences of the Christian Religion" (translated into several languages). 
" The conflict of Ancient Paganism and Christianity'* : " The elements 
of Christian Truth" ; and several smaller books all in Engl. Also wrolo 
about twelve Marathi tracts, and a trilingual tract in metrical Sanskrit 
with translations in Marathi and Engl. : editor of the Engl. edition 
of the Report of the Evangelical Alliance held at Basle. Switzerland in 

1879. As convener of the European Committee on Missions gave in a 
Report to the General Presbyterian Council at Philadelphia in Sept. 

1880. On his return to Scotland in 1873 became Secretary of the Fo- 
reign Mission Committee of the Free Church. Resigned this office in 
1878. and became Honorary Secretary. R. to India by way of China 
and Japan in Feb. 1881. 

Thomas Smith. 0. May 8, 1839, and A. in Calcutta Aug. 18, the 
eame year. Visited the Cape of Good Hope, 1841-43. II. to Eng. in 
1856. R. to Calcutta early in 1857. His health failing he was com- 
pelled to leave I in 1853. At present ha? a charge in Edinlitryh* 



FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND SOCIETY. 



127 



Robert Johnson. B. Dec. 16, 1807, nearMoffat. Licensed in 1835, 
became a home missionary in 1837. 0. Sept 5, 1838. A. at Madras 
Jan. 24, 1839. He was compelled by ill health to leave I. in Feu. 1851, 
and D. at Edinburgh, March 23, 1823. 

John Braidwood. 0. Aug. 6, 1840. A. at Madras, Jan. 15, 1841. 
After laboring a number of years at Madras he went on H. lit. Jan. 28, 
1856. His health failing he llet. to Scotland July 9, 1860, where he D. 
April 30, 1875. 

Stephen Hislop. 0. Sept. 4, 1844. A. at Bombay Dec. 13, 1844, 
and Nagpore Feb. 13, 1845. He founded the Nagpore mission in which 
he labored the greater part of the time. He visited Eng. from 1858-60, 
when he again repaired to Nagpore, where he labored until his death ; 
he was drowned Sept. 4, 1863. He was noted as a geologist. 

James Aitken. A. 1844. Labored in West India. D. in 1870. 

William Henderson. Formerly a Professor in the Elphinstone Col. 
at Bombay. Resigning his position he joined the mission and labored 
in it from Jan. 1846-49, when he was compelled by ill health to return 
to Europe. He D. at Barnstable in May, 1850. 

llobert Hunter. 0. at Aberdeen, Oct. 22, 1846, and A. at Nag- 
pore March 27, 1847. He Avas obliged to leave I. on account of ill 
health, May 17, 1855, and Res. Sept. 3, 1857. Has written a "History 
of the Missions of the Free Church" (1873) : and other books. 

David Sinclair. B. in 1822. A. at Calcutta Nov. 10, 1848, where 
he labored until his death, Dec. 29, 1852. 

Ebenezer Miller. Took charge of the mission at Chinsurah in Aug. 

1850. In 1857 started for Australia to recruit his health but D. of chol- 
era at Galle, in the same year. 

James Drummond. 0. Sept. 5, 1850, and A. at Madras May 24, 

1851. His health being poor he was obliged to leave I , R. to Scotland 
the same year, 1851. 

A. Venkataramiah. Professed Christianity, June 20, 1841 at Mad- 
ras. 0. Nov. 26, 1851. Labored at Nellore and Madras. D. 1876. 

S Ettirajulu. Professed Christianity at Madras, and was baptized 
in Aug. 1841. O.Dec. 12, 1851: labored at Madras and Yellore until 
1863, when he Res. 

Robert B. Blyth. 0. July 26, 1852. A at Madras in the follow- 
ing Nov. Labored here until compelled by ill health to return to Scot- 
land, July 6, 1858. 

Alexander B. Campbell. 0. and A. in 1842. H. from Jan. 1862 
to the close of the same year. R. to Madras and labored a few months 
when he was compelled to retire, May 10, 1863. At present a minister 
in Markinch, Fife, Scotland 

William Kincaird Mitchell. Son of the Rev. James Mitchell. 0. 
Aug. 10, 1852, and arrrived at Poona, Jan. 20, 1853. He labored here 
until compelled by failing health to leave I., in March 1857. 

Thomas Gardiner. A. at Calcutta May 29, 1853, where he labored 
until failing health compelled him to Ret. in May 1859. D. in Aber- 
deen in 1877, 



128 INDIAN MTSSIONARY DIREOTOH?. 

James Miller Mackintosh. 0. Dec. 13, 1853, and A. at Madras Jan. 
26, 1854. He labored here until compelled by failing health to leave I. 
April 5, 18G9. D. in 187H. 

William Moffat. A. in 1854. S. Madras. D. 1859. 

John Pourie. B. Oct. 9, 1824, near Diiiidee. 0. by the Presbytery 
of Glasgow, Nov. 28, 1854, and A. at Calcutta Jan. 15, 1855. He la- 
bored here until April, 1867, "when he was obliged to proceed Australia, 
for his health, where he D. in the same year, 

Prasana Kumar Chatterjee. B of Kulin Brahmin parents about 
1822, near Calcutta, Baptized in 1840. E. at the General Assembly's 
List., Calcutta, under Dr. Duff". 0. in 1855 by the Presbytery of Calcutta. 
Labored at Chinsurah, both in Engl. and Bengali, L. original : (I ) 
" Ghandiamukshee" (in Bengali), (2.) " Gyanchandra" (3.) " Gyanaroon-. 
written in Bengali for school children. Translated three books from 
Engl. into Bengali for the Calcutta Tract Society; (1) "Theological 
Lectures for the Illiterate :" (2) " Knowledge of Animals : (3) God's 
Way of Peace ;" Calcutta Tract Depository. D. 1879. 

Alexander McCallum. 0. Oct. 16, 1855. A. at Madras Dec. 2, 1855; 
D. at Bangalore whither he had gone for his health, June 11, 1862. 

Joseph Frost, Esq. Licensed in 1855 at Madras: when about to 
receive ordination he was stricken down by cholera, and D. at Wallaj- 
abad, July 11, 1860. 

Adam White. B. in Aberdeen, May 19, 1829. 0. Nov. 29, 1855. 
A. at Bombay early in 1856. He labored here until Jan. 1859, when 
he was transferred to Nagpore. He left the Free Church in i860, and 
labored near Poona until his death, caused by cholera, May 16, 1864. 

David H. Paterson. (F. 11. C. S, Ed.) Appointed Dec". 18, 1855. 
A. at Madras in 1856, and WHS engaged in general medical missionary 
work. Left I. in 1870. and D in Edinburgh Feb. 14, 1871. 

James Wardrop Gardner. 0. Oct. 1, 1856, and proceeded to 
Poona. He labored here until his health failed, when he Ret. to Scot- 
land, in 1871. 

James Houston, Esq. Appointed as a teacher to Madras Oct. 19, 
1859. Labored here until compelled to resign on account of ill health, 
in Jan. 1863. 

Joseph Dewar. Appointed a Professor Oct. 10, 1859. A. at Bom- 
bay early in 1860, and labored here until his death, Jan. 23, J862. 

Alexander Blake. A. 1859. S. Madras. Ret. in 1868. 

Behari Lai Singh. Baptized at Calcutta Aug. 1843. Visited Eng. 
and was 0. at Edinburgh, July 18, 1861. L. at Calcutta and Rampore 
Bauleah. D. in Dec. 1874. 

S. Ramanoojum. 0. in Feb. 1862. Labored at Wallajabad. Left 
the mission in 1866. D. in 1867. 

William Robson, M. D. A. 1862. Ret. 1867. D. 1878. 

John Davidson Don. 0. Oct. 16, 1862, and A. at Calcutta the 
same year. Took charge of the Free Church congregation in 1868. Re- 
signed in 1874. Is now minister and missionary, King Williamstown, 
South Africa. 



FREE CEUnCE CF SCOTLAND SOCIETY. 129 

William Carslaw, M D. Appointed to I. July 22, 1863. A. in 
Madras the same year. Transferred to Syria, J876. 

G. F. Metzger. Formerly connected with the Basel Mission. Join- 
ed the Free Church Mission in 1863, and labored at Chinglepat and Mad- 
ras until 1871, when he Ret. to Kurope. 

William Young. A. 1864. S. Nagpore. Res. 1875. 

John Macmillan. at Aberdeen, Oct. 10, 1864, and A. at Mad- 
ras in the same year. Subsequently removed to Nellore. lies. 1879. 

John Dalziel. Appointed as a teacher to Nagpore in Nov. and 
reached his station Dec. 31, 1864. H. 1874-75. I). 1876. 

Robert Angus. 0. July 10, 18G5, and A. in India a few months 
later. Labored at Poona, until 1872, when he Res. and II. to Scotland. 
At present laboring in Victoria. 

Baba Padmanji. B. about 1821. Baptized at Belganm in 1855. 
0. Aug. 7, 1867. Labored ohiefly at Bombay anl Poona. RGB. in 
1873. 

William Stephen. 0. July 6, 1869. and A. at Bombay shortly 
after. Labored here until 1873, when he Ret. to Scotland. 

William Ross. B. on the Island of Islay in Scotland May 8, 18-14. 
A. Nov. 1871. Labored as Professor of Mathematics and Natural Phil- 
osophy in the Free Church Col. Madras. D. 1876 

Archibald Templeton. B. in Glasgow, Dec. 26, 1844. Licensed 
nndO. in 1871. A. Nov 1871. Appointed to Giridi, Pachamba, where 
he labored until 1876, when he Ret. 



CHAPTER X. 
AMERICAN PRESBYTERIAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THE Presbyterian Church in the United Slates began its 
missionary operations in India in the year 183 1, under the aus- 
pices of the Western Foreign Missionary Society. The Lodiana 
Mission thus commenced was afterwards, on the establishment 
of the Board of Foreign Missions of the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church, made over to that body. The first mis- 
sionaries appointed to India by the Society, were the Rev. Messrs. 
John C. Lowrie and William Reed, who, with their wives, arrived 
in Calcutta in October, 1833. Their instructions were to select 
a station in some part of the northern provinces if expedient. As 
the result of enquiries made at Calcutta, Lodiana was selected as 
the station- to be first occupied. Before setting out for this field, 
Mr. Lowrie was called to part with his companions, and proceed 
to the -work alone. Mrs. Lowrie died at Calcutta, of consumption. 
Mr. Reed was attacked by the same disease; and was advised 
to return at once to his native land. He accordingly embarked, 
but died before leaving the Bay of Bengal, and his body was 
committed to the deep near the Andaman Islands. ; 

Mr. Lowrie arrived at Lodiana November 5, 1834. He 
was disabled for some timo on account of severe illness, and was 
obliged to repair to Simla. The Mission was thereby suspend- 
ed almost a whole year immediately after it began to exist. 

In the meantime the Rev. Messrs. James Wilson and 
John Newton hnd arrived at Lodiana in December, 1835, and en- 
tered upon their work. Besides- the school and other duties they 
took charge of printing-press established in 1836. The third 
company of missionaries reached Calcutta in March, 1836. Here 
they were met by Mr. Lowrie, who on account of failing health 
was proceeding home (having left Lodiana in January, 1836). 
The new missionaries proceeded on their journey to Lodiana, but 
Mr. McEwen was led to stop at Allahabad which, though at 
tliat time isolated from the chosen sphere of the Society's oper- 



AVKPJCAN PRESBYTERIAN SOCIETY. 1 3 1 

ations, has ever since been occupied. Upon the arriral of this re- 
inforcement at Lodiana two new stations were occupied, Messrs. 
Campbell and Jatnieson being appointed to Saharanpur, and 
Messrs. Wilson and Rogers to Sabathu. 

A church was organized at Lodiana in 1837: schools were- 
opened and extensive itinerations made. Other laborers arrived 
in 1838 and in following years, and the Society commenced 
operations in other stations as follows: Futtegurh, in 1838 : 
Mainpuri, 1843: Furrukhabad, 1844: Agra, 1845 : Jalandhar, 
1846: Amballa, 1848: Lahore, 1849: Futtehpore, 1852: Dehra, 
1853: Rawal Pindi, 1856: Roorkee, 1856: Peshawar, 1857: 
Kapurthala, 1859 r Etawah, 1863: Hoshyarpore, 1867: Muzafar- 
nagar, 1869: Jagrawan and Ferozepore, 1870: Rupar and 
Jagadari, 1872: Morar (Gwalior), 1875: and Morinda, in 1876. 
For various reasons Agra, Peshawar and Kapurthala were after- 
wards abandoned. In most of the stations churches were formed. 
The Presbytery of Lodiana was organized in 1837, that of 
Lahore in 1869: that of Furrukhabad in 1842: and that of 
Allahabad, in 1842. The two latter Presbyteries constitute what 
has since about 1843 been called the "Furrukhabad Mission.'' 
The Synod of North India held its first meeting at Futtegurh in 
November, 1845. It may be remarked that some of the missiona- 
ries at Saharanpur and Dehra belong to the "Reformed Presby- 
terian" Chureb, but all the stations alike arc under the control of 
the General Assembly's Board of Foreign Missions. 

In the Mutiny of 1857 the missions of this Society like 
those of other Societies in North India, were greatly interrupted 
and met with heavy losses and bereavements. In the Cawn 
pore massacre the Rev. Messrs. Freeman, Campbell, Johnson 
and MeMullin, their wives and the two youngest children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Campbell fell victims to the cruelty of Nana Sahib: 
a devoted company who thus went up "out of great tribula- 
tion." * Compared with the loss of life and the endurance 
of great suffering during the Mutiny, the loss of mission property 
was of small account : and yet it was a serious loss, the destruc- 
tion of houses, school- rooms, chapels, etc., being estimated at about 

* Memorial of Missionaries of Futtehgurh, killed nt Cawnpore in the Sepoy 
Mutiny. By J. J Walsh : Philadelphia, Joseph M. Wilson. 1858. 



132 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

24,000. A part of this pecuniary loss was afterwards made 
good to the Mission by Government. 

Two other missionaries of this Society met with violent 
deaths. One was the Rev. Dr. Janvier of Sabathu who was 
killed at a mela at Anandpur by a Sikh fanatic in October, 1863: 
the other was the Rev. J. Loowenthal, of Peshawar, who was 
shot by his watchman in April, 1864. 

The missionaries of the Society have from the beginning 
devoted much attention to the preparation of books, both ori- 
ginal and translations, and a large number of popular tracts 
have been written by them. The Lodiana press since its es- 
tablishment in 1836 has sent forth millions of pages which have 
had a wide circulation throughout Northern and Central India, 
Its issues during the year 1880 were 91,395 copies, with 
6,088,000 pages : in at least four languages, and for eight differ- 
ent Societies. The Allahabad press was established in 1838 
and continued in active operation until 1857 when it was entire- 
ly destroyed by the mutineers. After the lapse of several yeara 
it was re-established but on a smaller scale, and under Native 
Christian management. 

Educational work has been vigorously and successfully 
carried forward. In 1879 the boarding and day-schools of the 
Society in India contained 7,798 pupils, 1,882 of whom were in 
the schools at Lahore. A flourishing boarding school for Chris- 
tian girls (established in 1-858) is in operation at Dehra. A 
boarding school for Christian boys was opened in 1875 at Lahore., 
but afterwards suspended. It is to be re-opened on a solid base. 

The mission at Kolhapur (Bombay Presidency) was com- 
menced by the Rev. R. G. Wilder under direction of the Am- 
erican Board in 1852. Being the first missionary to enter 
this field, Mr, Wilder experienced considerable opposition, and 
the people petitioned the British Government to banish him 
from the kingdom, failing, however, in their efforts. In a few 
v ears there wus a marked change ia their bearing towards the 
missionary, and many children were gathered into the mission 
schools. In 1857 Mr. Wilder returned to America on account 
of broken health and in 1859 the mission waa relinquished by 
tho American Board. In 1861 the founder of the mission re- 
turaed to Kolhapur, and wUk the aid of funds supplied by 



AMERICAN PRESBYTERIAN 'SOCIETY. \ 3 3 

friends of the mission in India prosecuted his work until 1869 
when illness again compelled him to visit America. In 1870 
the mission was taken up by the American Presbyterian Board 
and Mr. Wilder returned to Kolhapur the same year. In De* 
cember, 1-870 the Rev. G. W. Seiler arrived fiom America and 
joined the mission. Other laborers subsequently arrived and a 
Presbytery has been formed. Several Marathi books have been 
prepared by members of this mission, including two Commen- 
taries. Schools and 'churches have been organized, and some 
converts have been gained. 

It will be thus seen that the Society is represented in India 
by the live Presbyteries, Lodiana, Lahore, Furrukhabad, Alla>- 
habad and Kolhapur, all uniting to form the Synod of North 
India. In 1879, 21 stations aud 16 sub-stations were occupied. 

The following statistics of the Society (for 1879) show 
the progress since 1871 : 

Foreign missionaries, 29, decrease 3 
Native Ordained Agents, 15, increase 7 
Native Christians, 2,100, do. 766 
Communicants, 971, do. 408 



HISSIOX ARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ALEXANDER, JAMES M. A. 1866. S. Mainpuri. H. 1874-76. Ad. 
Mainpuri, N.-W.P. 

BASTES, WILLIAM, Joined the Society in 1865. Ad. Amballa, Pun" 
jfab. 

BERGEN, GKOKGE SPOFFORD. B. Nov. 1, 1844 at Jersey Prairie, 111 , 
U. S. A. 0. in 1865, A. the same year. S. Lahore, one year ; Lodi- 
ana, six : Amballa, six. M. iu 1869. W. chiefly ver. H. 1879-81. 
Ad. Ambulla, Punjab. 

BOSE, JOGENDRA CHANDRA. B, about 1838, at^ Hooghly, Bengal. 
Served for a time as head-mater of the Rawul Pindi high school. 0. 
at Lodiana in Nov. 1868. Ad. Fvrozepore, Punjab. 

CALDERWOOD, WILLIAM. B. I>ee. 20, 1822, in the Parish of Loch- 
winnoch, Renfrewshire, Scotland. Removed to America in 1823. Gra- 
duated in 1847 at Union College, Schenectady, N. Y. Was connected 
for same years with the Reformed Presbyterian Church, laboring as an 
-agent of the American Tract Society. Graduated in 1853, at the Theol. 
Sem. of the above named Church in Philadelphia: in May, 1854, appoint- 
ed missionary to India. M. A. Nov. 7, 18-55, and was appointed to Sa- 
haranpur, where he has labored nearly all the time since, with the ex- 



I 34 INDIAN MISSIONA 7?F DIRECTORY. 

ception of the years 1870-72, -when he was on H. to Germany and Ameri- 
ca. W. has been chiefly ver. Ad. Sakaranpur, N.-W. P. 

CALKB, JOHN JAMES. B at Bajhera in the Bareilly district. 0. at 
Allahabad, in Jan. 1871. Has since labored as pastor of the Kuttra 
church, Allahabad. L. translations ; " Intikhab Tarikh-i-Kalisiya" ; 
Hodge's Commentary on the " Confession of Faith" (both in Roman- 
Urdu) : original ; ' Sharir aur Rastbaz ka Anjam," and " Risalu dar 
bab-i-Taslis :" N. I. T. Society's Depot, Allahabad. Ad. Allahabad. 

CARLTON, MARCUS M. A. in 1855. At present engaged at Santokh 
Majra and Kulu Valley (as itinerant missionary). Ad. Amballa, Pun- 
ia>. 

CHARN, ISA. B. in 1828 at Kuluwal, Punjab. M. in 1851. 0. 
in Dec. 1869. S. Ferozepore and Lahore. Ad. Lahore. 

CHATTERJEE, KALICUARN. B. near Calcutta, Aug. 23, 1839 : par- 
ents were Kulin Brahmins. E in the C. M. S. school at Augurpara and 
in the Free Church Col. Calcutta : while attending the latter, was bap- 
tized Nov. 8, 1854. Remained here until 1861, then became head mas- 
ter of the mission school at Jalandhar. In Jan, 1866, transferred to the 
Lahore Mission Col as professor of Logic and Mental and Moral Sciences: 
continued here until the close of 1867, when he was licensed to preach, 
and in June, 1868, was appointed to Hoshyarpur, where he has since 
labored. at Lodiana Dec. 24, 1868. Ad Hoshyarpur, Punjab. 

EWING, J. C.R. B. June 23, 1854 in Armstrong Co , Pa., U. S. A. 
O. Sept. 4, 1879. A Dec 1, 1879. Ad. f'ttttegitrn, A r -IF. P. 

FERRIS, GEORGE HENRY. B Hillsdale, Mich-, U- S. A., Dec. 1853. 
O. April, 1878, A. Jan. 13, 1879. S. Kolhapur, 1879, Panhala, 1880. 
M. Ad. Panhala, Bombay P. 

FORMAN, CHARLES WILLIAM. B March 3, 1821, in Ky., U. S. A.. 
O. July 7, 1847. A. in Jan. 1848. M. July 3, 1855. S. Amballa, Nov. 
1848 : Lodiana. Jan. 1849: Lahore, Nov. 1849. W. has been chi.efly 
ver- L. : 26 Urdu Tracts (''Justice and Mercy": "The Brazen 
Serpent," etc) : " Bible Passages" : " Christian Sword and Shield," 
(in Urdu) : printed and obtainable at the Mission Press, Lodiana. H. 
from Nov. 1866 to Nov. 1869. and from March to Nov. 1880. Ad, Lahore. 

GOHEEN, JOSEPH MILLIKEV. B. in Feb. 1847, at Rock Spring, P. 
U. S A. E. at Princeton Col. (1872.) and at Princeton Theol. Sem. 
(1875) 0. in June, 1875. A. in Deo. 1875. S. Kolhapur. Ad. Kol- 
hnpur, Bombay P. 

GOLXJKNATH. Joined the Society in 1843. Author of several Yer. 
tracts (Punjabi and Urdu.) Ad. Jalandhar, Punjab, 

GRAHAM, JOSEPH PATTERSON. B. at New Lisbon, Ohio, U. S. A., 
June 12. 1847. E. at Washington and Jefferson Col. Pa. (1869) and at 
Princeton Theol. Sem. (1872) 0. June 14, 1872 A. Nov 18,1872. 
M. S. Panhala, 1875-79, since, Ratnagiri. W. Ver. Ad. Ratnagiri, 
Bombay P. 

HERRON, DAVID. B. Aug. 31, 1820, in Rathfriland, County of Down, 
Ireland. 0. in Nov. 1&49, and installed pastor at Shenango. Pa. U. S. A. 
Appointed to I. in May 1854, by the Reformed Presbyterian Church, 



AUEH10AX PllESBYTEIUAN SOCIETY. 1*5 

A. Nov. 10, 1855, and reached Dehra, Dec. 31, 1855. S. Lodiana from 
May to Nov. 1856; then at Dehra until Jan. 1864. H. from 1864 to 
April 1868. S. Amballa from'the latter date to Jan. 1869, Dehra 1869-78. 
W. has been both Eng. and Ver. Has written a few pamphlets in Engl. 
H. to America 1878-79. Ad. Dehra, N.*W. P. 

HETL, FRANCIS. A. in 1867. Ad. Allahabad < 

HOLCOMB, JAMES FOOTE. A. in 1869. S. Allahabad. H. to U. S. A. 
in 1880, 

HULL, JAMES JOHNSON. B itt Ohio, U. S. A. in 1847. Graduated 
(A. B.) at Washington and Jefferson Col., Pa , in 1869, entered the West- 
ern Theol. Sem the same year. 0. 1872. A. in Dec. 1872 M. itt Dec* 
1874. II. to America in 1879. Ad. Ci-nnonsbury, I'enn., U. S. A. 

JOHNSON, WILLIAM F. B. Cadiz, Ohio, March, 1838. 0. 1860. 
A. 1860. S. Allahabad, 1860, Futtehpore, 1861, Futtegurh, 1865. 
H. to America 1872-74, Mainpuri 1375, Allahabad, 1866. L. Editor of 
' Makhzan i Masihi," a monthly Magazine in Roman-Urdu ; Commen- 
taries on Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, in Roman-Urdu ; " Prem Doha- 
wali," couplets in Hindi on the love of Christ, with an Engl. translation ; 
" Stuti Prakash," a book of Hindi hymns to native tunes ; " Guru Pa- 
riksha." or Search after the Divine Teacher; " Des Chitr Mala," Pic- 
tures of many lands, ' ; Pratima Pariksha," and many others N. I. Tract S., 
Allahabad. Ad. Allahabad. 

KANWARSAIX. B. in 1830. E. at Saharanpur. Baptized in 1856. 0. 
in 1867. Has laborel since at (Ad ) M&znffarnagar, Punjab. 

KELSO, ALEXANDER. P. Joined the Society in 1870. H. to Amer- 
ica in 1881. 

LAL, MOHAN. B. near Hurdui, Oudh, in the year 1822. Baptized 
in Futtegurh in 1860. 0. as pastor of the Furrukhabad city church, 
in 1874. Ad. Gwalior. 

LUCAS, JAMES JOSEPH. B. in 1847 at Dublin, Ireland- 0. in Dan- 
ville, Ky , U. S. A, in 1870. A. the same year. W. Ver. M. S. Futte- 
gurh. H. to America in 1881. 

McMAsTER, GILBERT. B. in Persia. A. about 1833. O. Fe*>. 8, 
1867. S. Dehra. W. educational and evangelistic. L. several tracts in 
Hindi and Urdu. Ad. Dehra, N.~W. P. 

MORRISON, JOHN HUNTER. B.June 29, 1806, in Orange County, 
N. Y., U. S. A. 0. in Sept. 1837, and A. in April, 1838. 8. Allahabad 
from June, 1838, to Jan. 1841 : Sabathu and Simla to Oct. 1842, H. to 
America from 1843-46, returning to Agra, 1847: Sabathu Dec. 1849; 
Amballa to 1853 : Lahore to 1855 : Rawal Pindito Dec. 1860. H. 1862- 
64 : Rawal Pindi 1864-67 Amballa until Sept, 1874 : at Simla until 
April, 1875 : then at Sabathu. W. has been both Engl. and Ver., chiefly 
preaching. Has written two Urdu tracts republished at Lcrdiana. Mr 
Ad. Dehra, N.-W. P. 

MORRISON, WILLIAM J. PHILLIF. B. in India. E. in America: R. to 
India in 1866. Ad. Saharanpur, A'.-7F. /'. 

NABIBAKSH, ELLIOT, li. at Lucknow. 1834. . Eiawah, 1870. 
S, Etawah : W. Native Pastor. Ad. Etawah, N,* W, P, 



, ,6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

XEWTON, CHARLES BEATTY. B. t Lodiana, Feb. 2, 1842. E. in 
America, graduating at Washington Col. Pa., and at the Western Theol. 
Sem , Alleghany, Pa. O. in 1867. K. to India March 10, 1868. M. 
April 13, 1871. Has labored at Lahore, engaged in educational W. 
Engl. and ver. preaching. Ad. Lahore. 

XKWTON, EDWARD PATS ox. B. at Lahore, in July, 1850. E. in 
America, graduating at Princeton and studying theology at the Western 
Theol. Sem. Alleghany, Pa. O. in 1873. * 11. to India Dec. 20, 1873, 
and has labored since at Lodiana. W. Engl. and ver. Ad. Lodian#, 
Punjab. 

XKWTOX. FRANCIS JANVIER. R at Sabathu, Punjab, July 14, 1847. 
Graduated at Washington Col , Pa. After a three years' course in Pres- 
byterian TheoL Sem. at Alleghany. Pa. 0. in 1870. M. Sept. 27, and 
A. Dec. 10 of the same year. Has labored since at Lahore. \V. chiefly 
Ver. Has written an Urdu tract, " Tahqiq ul Waqiat ul Injil :" obtain- 
able at the Mission Press, Lodiana. Ad. Lahore. 

NEWTON, JOHN. B. Oct 1,1810, at Griggstown, X. J., U. S. A. 
Graduated at Jefferson Col. Sept. 3-0, 1830. Studied theology at the 
Western Theol. Sem. Alleghauy, Pa. O. Oct 26, 1834. M: A. at Calcutta 
Feb. 25, 1835. S Lodiana, Sabathu, Lahore-. W. preaching in Hindustani, 
Punjabi, and in Engl., superintending the press, etc. L (1) a Punjabi 
Grammar : (2) a Punjabi and Engl. Dictionary in connection with 
the llev. L. Janvier : (3) translation of the X. T. into Punjabi : (4) 
a number of tracts and small books in Punjabi, chiefly translations : (5) 
two tracts in Urdu, ' The Day of Judgment," and " The Integrity of 
the Scriptures" : (G) a brief Commentary on the Epistle to the Ephesians 
(Urdu) with a revised translation . (7) some small tracts in Hiudee : 
Lodiana Mission Press. H. 1851-54; 1870-71, and in 1881. 

RUDOLPH, ADOLPH. B Berlin, 1815. A. in connection with Goss- 
ners Mission, 1849. S. Tirhoot, 1839-42. Kotcgurh 1842-45. 0. in con- 
nection with A. P. M. in 1845 : labored at Lodiana 1845-80, had charge 
of the High School 10 years, of Girls' Orphange 1 1 years, of the Press, \'2 
years. H. 1856, 1870, 1877. L. Several tracts in Urdu. M. Ad. Sabathu, 
Punjab. 

SEKLEY, GEORGE ArorsTrs. B. at Calcutta in 1847. O at Prince- 
ton, N. J , U. S. A. A. in 1870. S. Futtcgurh. H. to America 1876-79. 
M. 1879. Ad. Futtegurh, N.-W. P. 

TKDVOIII>, LTMAN BEECHKR. B. Mnryville, Tenn., U. S. A. Sept. 
1851. 0. Sept, 12, 1880. A. Nov. 17^ 1S80. M. Ad. Kolhapur, 
Bombay P. 

THACKWELL, REESE. A. in 1859. Ad. Kan-al Pirx/i, Punjab. 

TRACY. THOMAS. B. March 15, 1842, at Jewett City, Ct-. "U. S. A. 
O. June 11. 1868. A. Nov. 6, 1869; S. Futtegurh. ' W. Engl. and 
ver. M. April 2, 1862. II to America, 1880. 

UU-MANX, Jrucs FHKPKRICK. B. Berlin, May, 22. 1817. A. in connec- 
tion with Gossner's Mission Nov. 1839 S. Chapra, 184 i , Benares, 1844-48. 
In 1848 joined A. P.M. and was 0. by the Furrukhabad Presbytery, 
1840.S.Futtegiir}uMainpuri ) Etavvah. H. 1850,1858, 1866. L. "Majnaua- 



AMERICAN PRESBYTERIAN SOCIETY. 



137 



i-Manzuma," Songs for children, in Horn-Urdu (out of print): " Dharmtula," 
" Religion weighed," in Hindi, Persian Urdu, and Eugl.; " Gurugyan," 
a Catechism in Hindi, for Bazar schools and Zananas ; " Sreshth 
Mulkatha," or " the Old, old story," translated into Hindi verse, Persian 
Urdu and Roman-Urdu ; " Larkon ki Gitmala," Hymns and songs 
for children, in Rom-Urdu, with music, and in Persian Urdu; " Qaid 
Kusha," or Deliverance from Bondage, in Persian Urdu ; " Nazmi 
Sawal-o-Jawab," a short Catechism, in verse, in Persian Urdu; "Preshn- 
uttar" and Mulkatha," " Catechism" and Old old story," in Hindi, 
" Zabur aur Git," with and without music, Rom-Urdu (of the 516 
hymns 313 are Mr. Ullmauu's): "Bible stories" 0. T. and N. T; " Gita- 
wali,'' songs and Hymns for children, Persian-Urdu, and Rom-Urdu; 
Catechism in Rom-Urdu. Ad. Etawah, N.- W. P. 

WHERRY, EL WOOD MORRIS. B. in 1843, at South Bend, Pa., 
U. S. A. Called to the ministry in 1864. 0. in 1867- M. in 1867. 
A. March 20, 1868. S. 1868, Rawal Pindi; 1870, Lodiana. W. chiefly 
Ver. L. " What think ye of Christ?" and a number of small tracts, 
in Urdu. Edited Rom. -Urdu Quran, and wrote Index to the same in 
Urdu: "The Sinless Prophet of Islam" (Urdu): is preparing a com- 
prehensive Commentary on the Quran, (Engl., the first Vol. to appear in 
1881): principal editor of " Nur Afshan" 7 years. II. 1878-79. Ad. 
Lodiana, Punjab. 

WOODSIDE, JOHN SIMMS. K in Ireland, Sept. 2, 1824. Licensed in 
January, 1848. M. April 18, 1848. 0. in July, 1848, A. Nov. 25, 
1848. S. Saharanpur, 1849 : Dehra, 1853 : Kapurthala, 1859: Dehra, 
1865: H. 1873-75. W. both Engl. and Ver. Ad. Futtegurh, N.-W. P. 

WTLIK, THEO. W. J. B. about 1826. Bapti/ed in 1841. M. 
in 1846. 0. in 1859. Associate pastor of the church at Saharanpur. 
Translations: (1) Talim-ul Irnan ; Persian-Urdu: (2) Kalurn Ilnhi 
ka Qissa; (3) Masihi Jawab Dahi (Christian Responsibility): (4) Sever- 
al tracts : obtainable at the Mission Press, Lodiana. Ad. Saharanpur, 
N.-W. P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

John C. Lowrie. A. in 1833. One of the founders of the Mission. 
Labored at Lodiana until 1836 when on account of failing health he Ret. 
Is now Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missionaries of the Presby- 
terian Church in America. 

William Reed. One of the first t^ro missionaries. Graduated at 
Jefferson Col., pursued his Theol studies at Alleghany. A. at Calcutta 
in Oct. 1833. While here his health began to fail, and he was advised 
to return home at once. He embarked in July, but his health rapidly 
declined and he died at sea, Aug. 12, 1834. 

James Wilson. A. in 1835. Labored at Lodiana and Allahabad; 
Ret. in 1851. 

James R. Campbell, D. D. A native of Ireland. Went to America 

18 



138 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

in his youth. He was a member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, 
and pursued his studies under its direction. A. in 1836. Was home 
once, about 1852. Labored chie8y at Saharanpur. D. at Landour, 
Sept. 18, 1862. 

James McEwen. A. at Calcutta in March, 1836. On the way to 
Lodiana he was led to stop at Allahabad where he founded the mission 
and organized a church. He was compelled from failing health to leave 
I. in 1838 ; Served as a pastor in New York until his death, in 1845. 

Jesse M. Jamieson, D. D. A. in 1R36. Labored at Amballa. 
Ret. in 1857. 

Joseph Porter. B. in Derby Plains. Ohio, U. S. A.. Jan. 5, 1808. 
Graduated at Oxford. Reached Lodiana in Dec. 1836. O. Oct. 1837. 
H. in 1848-49. Labored at Lodiana : for several years previous to his 
death as Supt. of the press. D. .Nov. 21, 1853. 

"William S. Rogers. A. and 0. with Mr. Porter. Labored at 
Sabat'hu and Saharanpur. Ret. to America in 1843. D. in 1873. 

James Craig, Esq. B. in 1800. A. in 1838. Was a member of 
the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Labored as a teacher at Saharanpur; 

D. Aug. 16, 1845. 

Reese Morris, Esq. A. in 1838. Labored as missionary printer at 
Lodiana. Ret. 1845. 

Henry R. Wilson, D. D. A. in 1838. Labored at Futtegurh. Ret. 
in 1846. Is now Secretary of the Board of Church Extension of the 
Presbyterian Church, (U. S. A.) 

Joseph Caldwell. B. April 20, 1810, at Pittsl.urg, Penru, U. S. A. 

E. at Western Univ. Pittsbnrg. 0. in 1837, A. May 1, 1838. S. Roor- 
Jtee. No H. D. at Mussoorie, May 29, 1877. 

Joseph Warren, D. D. A. in Feb. 1839. Established the mission press 
at Allahabad, and superintended it twelve years. Wrote and translated 
and superintended translations by native assistants. Left I. in 1854. 
Remained at home through family affairs. Was Chaplain in the army, 
Assistant in charge of Freedmen, and Superintendent of Education in the 
service of the Freedmen's Bureau, four years. Rt. in Dec. 1872 : labored 
at Futtegurh and Morar until his death, March 7, 1877. 

John Edgar Freeman. B. in 1809 in N. J., U. S. A. Was a gra- 
duate of Nassau Hall and Princeton Theol. Sem. 0. in Aug. 1838. A. 
Tvith "his wife in 1839, and was stationed at Allahabad. His wife died 
in 1849, and in 1850 he went to America for his health. R. in 1851. 
Labored at Mainpuri until 1856, when he removed to Futtegurh, where 
lie remained until the Mutiny of 1857 led to his violent death at Cawn- 
pore. 

James L. Scott. A. in 1839. Labored at Futtegurh and Main- 
puri. Ret. in 1867. Afterwards D. at Dehra, Jan. 2, 1880. 

William H. McAuley. A in 1840. S. Futtegurh. Ret. in 1851. 

John C. Rankin. A. in 1840. Labored at Futtegurh Ret. in 1848. 

Joseph Owen, D. D. A. in 1840. La' ored chiefly at Agra and 
Allahabad. Wrote a new translation of the Book of Psalms, and also 
several commentaries, besides other works. D. in Scotland, in 1865. 



AMERICAN PRESBYTERIAN SOCIETY. 139 

Levi Janvier, D. D. B.April 25, 1816, at Pitt's Grove, N. J., 
U. S. A. Graduated at Princeton. A. at Lodiana early in 1842. His 
time was divided between' preaching and translating, arid throughout lug 
course his labors were connected with the press. Together "with Mr. 
Newton he prepared a Punjabi Dictionary which was published in 1854. 
He met his death March 24, 1864 at a mela/ being killed by a fanatic. 
Willis Green, M. D. A. in 1842. Labored at Lodiana. Ret. in 1843. 
John Wray. A. in 1842. Labored at Allahabad. Ret. in 1S49. 

John Johnston Walsh. A. in 1843. S. Futtegurh,. Mainpuri, etc. 
Author of '* Memorial of Missionaries of Futtegurh." Ret. in 1872. 

Iloyal Gould Wilder. B. Oct 27, 1816 at Royalton, Vt., U. S. A, 
Graduated at Andover Theol. Sem. in 1845. 0. soon afterwards. M. in 
1846-. A. at Bombay Sept. 20, 1846. Was engaged six years, teaching 
and preaching in the Ahmednagiir mission until 1852, when he was 
directed to start a mission at Kolhapur, where he labored until 1875i 
L, (1) Original ; ' Scientific Errors of Hinduism" : Commentary on^ 
Matthew and Mark ; and on Luke (2) Translations ; ' Jane the 
young Cottager" : " The Shepherd of Salisbury plain :" The School 
Boy": " Theol. Class-book." H. 1857-61 ; 1869-70. Ret. to America, 
in March, 1875. Is editor of the "Missionary Review" (Bi-monthly.) 
Ad. Princeton, New Jersey, U. S. A. 

David Irving, D. D. A. in 1847. S. Futtegurh. Ret. in 1849. 

Augustus H. Seeley. A in 18 17. S; Futtegurh. Ret in 1854:. 

Robert M. Munnis. A in 1847, Labored at Allahabad. Res. in 
1861 r and afterwards I>, in India. 

Gopeenath- Nandi. B. in Calcutta about 1807. Professed Christiani- 
ty in 1832. In the following year removed to Futtegurh and took 
charge of an English school. 0. in 1844, and was stationed at Futtegurh. 
Futtehpore having become vacant he was transferred to that station in 
1853. where be remained until his death. During the Mutiny he tied 
to Allahabad, but afterwards returned to Futtehpore. An operation for 
Hernia to which he submitted proved fatal, and he D. March 14,1861. 

Archibald A. Hodge; D. D. A. in 184-8. Labored at AlUhabad. 
Ret. in 1850. Now- Professor of Theology at Princeton, N\ J.,. U. S. A, 

Horatio W. Sha-w., A, in- 1-850. S. at Allahabad. Ret in 1855. 

Lawrence Gano Hay. A. in 1850. Labored as Missionary printer 
at Allahabad. Ret. in 1857. 

David Ellliott Campbell. B. June 7, 1825, at Mercersburg, Pa., 
U. S. A. Graduated at Mai-shall College in 1846, and spent three years 
at the Theol Sem. at Alleghany, Pa., graduating in 1849. 0. June 5, 
1850; M. June 29, 1850. A. in 1851 and labored in Futtegurh until 
the Mutiny broke out. He, his wife and two youngest children in com- 
pany with three other missionaries and their wives left Futtegurh and 
attempted to reach Allahabad, but they were taken prisoners and put to 
death at Cawnpore, by order of Nana Sahib. June 13, 1857. 

Robert Stewart Fullerton B in Ohio. E. at Athens College, Ohio, and 
Alleghany Theol Sem. A. in 1850 and labored a short time at Futte- 
gurh and Mainpuri, but within a year proceeded to Agra where he 



j 4 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

established two schools, and labored until the Mutiny broke up the 
mission at this place. He afterwards labored at Futtegurh until 1864, 
when he removed to Dehra. D. in 1865. 

James H. Orbison. A. in 1850. Labored at Lodiana, Amballa, 
and Tlawal Pindi. Went to America in 1868 : D. in 1869. 

Robert Elliott Williams. A. in 1852. S. at Agra; Ret. in 1861. 

William Pratt Barker. B. Feb. 18, 1822, at South Wales, Erie 
Co., N. Y., U. S. A. Converted in 1840 in Ohio. Entered New York 
Univ. 1844; entered Union Theol. Sem. New York, in 1848 ; 0. 1851 ; 
took two courses of lectures (1851-2) in Crosby St. Medical Col. Was 
appointed to Ahmednagar by the American Board in April, 1851, and A. 
in Bombay in Dec. 1853. Labored at Ahmednagar. Khokar and Pimplus. 
Joined the Kolhapur mission in 1872 and labored chiefly at Ratnagiri. 
His health failing he went to America in April, 1865, and lit. in Dee. 
1872. Proceeded to America invalided in 1876. Has since labored as a 
missionary among the Seneca Indians in Western New York. Ad. Ver- 
sailles. N.'Y., U. S. A.- 
George 0. Barnes. A. in 1855. Labored at Lahore Ret. in i860. 

Albert Osborne Johnson. B. June 22, 1833, at Cadix, Ohio, 
U. S. A. Graduated at Jefferson Col. in 1852 and at the Alleghany 
Theol Sem. in 1855. A. in 1855. S. Futtegurh, where he labored about 
eighteen months: perished at Cawnpore in June, 1857. 

Edward H. Leavitt. A. in 1855. Labored at Lahore. Went to 
America in 1857. D. recently. 

Isidor Loewenthal. B. in the )-ear 1827 at Posen, Prussian 
Poland, of Jewish parents. He emigrated to America in 1846. In 
1847 he secured a position as teacher in La Fayette College. In the 
autumn of the same year he made a profession of Christianity. He 
graduated at the College and taught several years. In 1852 he entered 
Princeton Theol. Sem. where he afterwards graduated. While engaged 
as a tutor, he received an appointment to the new mission to the Af- 
ghans. He was licensed in 1856 by the Presbytery of New York, 
und sailed for India in August of that year. When he arrived, near the 
close of the year, he went to Peshawar which was his field of labor. He 
translated and published the New Testament in Pushto, and, at the time 
of his death, had nearly completed a Dictionary of that language. He was 
noted for hi.-; linguistic and other literary labors. At the early age of 
.'{8, in 1864, he came to his death by violence at the hand of his watch- 
man, who it is said mistook him walking in his garden at night for a 
robber and shot him. 

Robert McMullin. B. in Philadelphia, U. S. A., Nov. 30, 1832. 
Graduated at the Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1850, and three years after- 
wards at Princeton Theol. Sem. M. July 14, 1856, 0. the same month. 
A. at Calcutta in Jim. 1857. Labored for a few months at Futtegurh 
and was called to his reward at Cawnpore in June, 1857. 

John Newton, Jr. B. at Lodiana, March 4, 1838. E. in America, 
graduating with B. A. at Princeton and Avith M. D. at the Univ. of Pa. 
A. in 1858. S. Lahore : Kapurthala : Lahore : Sabathu. Besides medical 



AMEKIGAN PRESBYTERIAN SOCIETY. i 4I 

practice engaged in preaching in ver. and Engl. and in teaching. L sever- 
al tracts in Urdu and Punjabi, and a Commentary on Colossians ; procur- 
able at Allahabad and Lodiana. Also a treatise on "Leprosy" (Engl.) 
M. in 1861. 0. in 1868. H. to America in 1875-76. Ret. and Labored at 
Sabathu until his death, July 29, 1880. 

Augustus Brodhead, D. D. B. May 13, 1831, at Milford, Penn., U. S. 
A. 0. in 1858. A. April 4, 1859. S. Mainpuri, Furrukhabad, Allahabad. 
W. ver. L. original, Miscellany (Urdu); Hymns (Urdu and Hindee) : trans- 
lations, several works in Urdu and Hindee ; and Hymns in the same. H. 
1869, and in 1876-77. Ret. in 1876. Ad. Newark, N.J., U.S.A. 
Benjamin Wyckoff. A. in 1860. S. Futtegurh. Ret. in 1876. 
Edward H. Sayre. A. in 1863. S. Etawah. Ret in 1869. 
Alexander Henry. A. in 1864. Labored at Lodiana. D. in 1869. 
Joseph H. Myers. H. about 1838, in Ohio. O.in May, 1865, and 
A. the same year. Labored at Lodiana until his death, in Nov. 1869. 

Ishwara Das. B. about 1827. He was one of the Futtehpore or- 
phans (of 1837). He became a Christian and a teacher in the high 
school at Furrukhabad. During the Mutiny he was obliged to flee lor 
his life with other Native Christians. L. a Manual of English and Urdu ; 
a series of Urdu text books for schools, etc. After his return 
from America he published a small volume of his impressions and ex- 
periences in that land. He also wrote in English, ' Domestic Manners 
atid Customs of the Hindoos :" a useful work. He took the prize for 
the best essay on " Female Education in India," and also for the best 
treatise on Theology, the latter being a volume of over 400 pages. After 
the Mutiny he was licensed to preach by the Furrukhabad Presbytery. At 
the close of 1865 he was 0. and appointed to Futtehpore. His health, 
however, soon began to fail, and at the end of a year he was sent back 
to Futtegurh where he D. in 1866. 

Theodore Stephen Wynkoop. B. Nov. 22, 1839, at Wilmington, 
Del. U. S. A. 0. in Oct. 1864. Pastoral work at Huntingdon, Long 
Island 1865-68. A. Dec. 31, 1868. W. ver. S. Allahabad. Ret. to America 
1877. Ad. Washington, D. G., U.S.A. 

Samuel Henry Kellogg, D.D.B. Sept. 6, 1839, at Quogur, L. L, U.S. 
A. 0. April 20, 1864. M.May 3, 1864. A.June 3, 1865. Labored 
at Futtegurh until April, 1871 : H. till Nov. 1872 : at Allahabad until 
March, 1876, when he proceeded to America. W. chiefly ver. L. A tract, 
" A Living Christ" (Presbyterian Board Publication, Philadelphia) : A 
Hindee Grammar ; obtainable at Allahabad, and also at Calcutta and 
Lon. Is now Professor of Theology at Alleghany City, Pa., U. S. A. 

Galen Wilkins Seiler. B. Grantville, Pa , U. S. A., Jan. 1844. 
E. at Princeton Col. (1864) at Princeton Theol. Sem. (18C9): 0. in 1870. 
A. in Dec. 1870. S Kolhapur, 1870-75 : llatnagiri, 1875-79. L. trans- 
lation (Marathi) of " The Woodcutter of Gutech": 1876 : Bombay Tract and 
Book Society. It. to America in July, 1879. Ad. Harrisburg, Pa., U. 6'. A. 
John Neil McLcod- B. near Agra in 1826. 0. 1873. S. Roorkee. 
D. 1878. 



CHAPTER XI. 
THE BASEL EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THIS Society has its name from tbe city of Basel (or Basle 
or Bale) in Switzerland, quite close to the German frontier, 
and may at present be considered as the Missionary Society for 
the Southern part of Germany ( Wurttemberg, Baden, Alsace) 
and the whole of Switzerland. Wurttemberg has been the chief 
seat of this mission in tbe history of its foundation as well aa in 
the contributions of money and men, whilst the other provinces 
mentioned have also had their honest share in the work, and 
especially the city of Basel has proved worthy of being the 
centre of this German- Swiss Society. 

The Society was founded in the year 1815, not at first 
with a view to begin foreign missions of its own, but only to 
educate Christian youths for misson work and to give them over 
to other Societies to be sent out to foreign countries. Espe- 
cially with the Church Missionary Society a close connection 
was kept up. As many as 88 missionaries passed from the 
Basel College to this Society and amongst them are some well- 
known names, the Rev. Messrs. Pfander, Weitbrecht, Leupolt, 
Schmid, lleuther, Rhenius, Schaffter, and many others. At 
present it is chiefly the Bremen Missionary Society in Western 
Africa, which draws missionaries from the College in BaseT r 
whilst the majority are sent out in the service of the Basel Mis- 
sionary Society itself. The number of students who have from 
1815-76 been received into the Mission College amounts to 
1,010. It is impossible to give the total number of mission- 
aries that have been sent out in the service of the Basel Mis- 
sion, but the number of ordained and unordained European 
Agents of the Basel Society in China, India, and Africa 
amounts at present to more than 100. 

In ecclesiastical matters the name " Evangelical" is meant 
to show the stand-point of the Society. The missionaries are 
members of different Churches at home and ordained by the 
authorities of the eBtablibhed Churches of different countries in 



BASEL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 143 

Germany. (They therefore cannot be called "Dissenters"). 
But the Churches to which they belong are of different creeds 
and constitutions, which differences, however, are not by this 
Society considered important enough to prevent common work. 
Lutherans, Calvinists and Zwinglians work together in one So- 
ciety and are also represented in the Home-Committee, and 
the endeavor is not to plant any particular church form from, 
home, but to plant Christ and sound Christian principles in 
the heaits of the Hindoos. 

In 1833, on the renewal of the Charter to the East India 
Company, India being opened to settlers from foreign countries, 
the Basel Missionary Society at once resolved to establish a 
Mission there, and in 1834 sent out three missionaries, the Rev. 
Messrs. Hebicb, Lehner and Greiner, who arrived in Manga- 
lore in South Canara on the Western Coast, the 30th of Octo- 
ber, 1834. The Mission was reinforced in 1836 by four, and in 
1839 by five new arrivals. In 1837 Dharwarin the South Mah- 
ratta country was taken up as the second station, and in 1839 
Tellicherry in Malabar was added as the third station. Thus, 
three stations at great distances from each other, in three dif- 
ferent districts with as many different languages, Tulu, Cana- 
rese, Malay alam, had been occupied, and from these centres 
the surrounding country was more and more put under regular 
systematic work and also dotted with stations and out-stations. 
North Canara was also drawn within the extent of the opera- 
tians by the opening of a station at Honore. In 1846 another 
district, the Nilagiri was taken up in consequence of Mr. Casa- 
major's legacy for this purpose, and is now occupied by two 
stations. In 1853 the operations of the Society were extended 
to the Coorg country, by Dr. M ogling, with two stations. 
The missions of the Society thus extend over a strip of country 
about 400 miles in length, and occupy six districts with 10 
stations and about 64 out-stations. 

Care of the congregations is considered one of the prime 
tasks of the missionaries, but preaching to the heathen and 
itineracy are therefore not neglected. 

Much work is bestowed on the training of a future ministry. 
The Catechist Seminary receives its pupils from the districts of 
the Basel Mission through the Preparandi schools. The boys 



144 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

commonly at the age of 14 enter these schools with the knowl- 
edge that can bo acquired in the common elementary schools 
and remain four years, after which some enter the Training 
classes to become school masters, others the Catechist Seminary 
to study there for four years more and to become grounded in 
the Bible and theology. Greek is taught but not Hebrew. 
The lessons are in the vernacular, but English is taught as a 
study. The day-schools contain altogether 2,303 pupils. 

Among the characteristic features of this Mission are the 
Industrial and Mercantile Establishments. Their purpose is 
not to gain money, although they are intended to be self-support- 
ing, which has been the case of old Establishments, but not always 
with new ones. They are meant to train the Christians, especi- 
ally boys from the boarding-schools or Orphanages, and other 
men without livelihood, to honest and Christian trade and to 
raise people from pauperism to a decent Christian life. Many 
people now earn their rice in a healthy way by honest labor, 
and the European Superintendent, together with the whole 
expense of the Establishment, is no burden on the Mission 
funds. There are now twelve Establishments in the different 
stations, three Mercantile, six Weaving, two Tiling, and one 
Carpenter. Besides the above there is in Mangalore a printing- 
press and a book and tract depository, the first turning out 
books and tracts in Canarese, Tulu, Malayalam, and English, 
the latter selling them all over the country by a thoroughly or- 
ganized system of sub-depots and other agencies of sale, and 
by a staff of 10 or 12 colporteurs. The consequence of these 
Establishments is that there are quite a number of lay brethren 
in the Mission especially at Mangalore, who are placed in their 
sphere on a footing of equality with the ordained missionaries. 
The number of ordained missionaries now in the field is 54 that 
of lay missionaries, 20. [W. S.] 

The following statistics (January, I860) indicate the pro- 
gress since 1871 : 

Foreign missionaries, 74 increase, 16 

Native ordained agents, 8 do., 

Native Christians, 6,805 do., 2,193 

Communicants, 3,572 do., 1,300 



BASEL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 145 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

AARON, DANIEL. B. in 1830, in Bangalore. 0. in 1872. Ad. Udapi, 
Madras P. 

ALTENMULLER, H. ESQ. B. 1851 in Prussia. A. 1877. In charge 
of Balmatta Weaving Establishment. Ad. Mangalrre, Madras P. 

BACH, L. B. 1856 in Alsace. A 1880. Ad. Bettigherry, Gadak, 
Bombay P. 

BACHMANN, H. B. 1853 in Switzerland. A. 1880. Ad. Chombala, 
Mahc, Madras P, 

BATJMANN, JACOB, ESQ. B. Jan. 29, 1849, in S ^itzerlandi A. in 
1874. M. Supt. of Tiling works at (Ad.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

BENNEB, G. B. 1850 in Wiirttemberg. A. 1877. M. Ad Calicut, 
Madras P. 

BRASCHE, J. AHI>REAS. B. Jan. 22, 1846, in Prussia. A. 1869. 
W. eJucational, and Ver. preaching. M. Ad. Udapi, Madras P. 

BUHRER, ADAM. B. Jan. 29, 1815, in Switzerland A. in 1842. 
W. ver preaching. One of the translators of the New Testament in Tulu 
and author of some Christian books in the same language. M. Ad. Ko.~ 
tagherry, Madras P. 

BURCKHARDT, ADOLF, ESQ. B. Dec. 8, 1848i, in Switzerland.. A. in 
1872. Is Assistant to the General Agent of the Mission Ad. Manga- 
lore, Madras P. 

CHANDREN, PAUL. B. in 1810 in Chomb&la, Malabar. 0. in 1867. 
Ad. Tellicherry, Madras P. 

DAIMELHUBER, HEINRICH. B. Sept. 17, 1844 in Wurttemberg. A. 
in 1870. AY. Ver. preaching. M. Ad. Mercara, Coorg, 

DIEZ, K. A. EKNST. B. Dec. 24, 1826, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 
1851. W. has iieen Ver. preaching and literary work. One of the revisers 
of the Malayalam Bible. M. Since 1880 Theol. teacher in. the Sem. 
at (Ad.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

DIGEL, THOMAS, ESQ. B. July 28, 1840, ia Wiirttemberg. A. in 
1872. M. Supt. of the Weaving Establishment at (Ad.) Mangalorc, 
Madras P. 

DILGER, W. B. 1855 in Wiirttemberg. A. 1880. Ad. Tellichernj 
Madras r. 

EBLE, G. B. 1852, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1876. M. W. Ver. preach- 
ing. Ad. Udapi, Madi as P. 

ELSASSEH, THEODORE, ESQ. B. April 18, 1844 in Wurttemberg. 
A. in 1867. M. Is the head of the Mercantile Branch at (Ad.) Calicut, 
Madras P. 

FERNANDEZ, DIEGO. B. in 1831, in Kalamundkur, South Canara 
O. hi 1872. Ad. Gudde, Udapi, Madras P. 

FEUCHIKR, CARL, ESQ. B. Sept. 25, 1842, in Wurttemberg. A. in 
1876. Supt. of Tiling Works at i Ad ) Calicut, Madras P. 

FIEG, I. ESQ. B. 151 in Baden. A. 1879. Ad. Calicut, Madras P. 

FROHNMETER, J. B. 1850 in Wurttemberg. A. 1876. M. W. edu- 
cational, and Ver. p- Caching. Ad. Tellicherry, Madras P. 

ia 



146 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

, SEBASTIAN. B. 1830, in Mangalore. 0. in 1866. Ad. 
Ut&kila, Madras P. 

GA.JTGSAGEL, LUDWIG . B. in Crumstadfc. Grand Duchy Hessen, Ger- 
many, Dec. 12, 1845. 0. in 1875. A. in 1875. M. W. chiefly itiner- 
ating in the district. Ad. Honors, Bombay P. 

GOJAR, CHARLES. B. 1845, in Mangalore. 0. in 1878. Ad. Shirva, 
Udapi, Madras P. 

GRAETER, J. BENIGNUS. B. May 12, 1838, in Wurttemberg. A. 
in 1863. Is Chairman of the Mission, and Principal of the Theol. Sem. 
M. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

GROSSMANN. GOTTLIEB. B. Nov. 30, 1848, in Switzerland. A. in 
1874. W. Ver. preaching, and educational. M. Ad. Jhtbly, Bombay P. 
HAFXER, JOHANNES. B. May 3, 1845, in Switzerland. A. in 
1871. M. W. Ver. preaching. Ad. Basrur, Kundapur, Madras P. 
HALBROCK, E. B. 1856 in Prussia. A. 1876. Ad. Calicut, Do. 
HANHART, LEONHARD GOTTL. B. May 2.5, 1831, in Switzerland. 
A. in 1857. W. chiefly Ver preaching : also charge of schools. M. 
Ad. Cannanore, Madras P. 

HARLIN, EiiMEiiiCFr. B. Xov. 5, 1843, in Wurttemberg. Pastor- 
al work several years before coming to I. A. 1873. W. educational, and 
Ver. preaching. M. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

HARTMANN, RUDOLF. B. April 1, 1831, in Switzerland. A. in 
1859. M. Formerly in charge of the orphanage at Udapi : now engag- 
ed in Ver. preaching at (Ad.) Karlial, Madras P. 

HASENWANDEL, WILHELM. B. Oct. 20, 1843, in Wurttemberg. 
A. in 1872. W. Ver. preaching. M. Ad. Dharwar, Bombay P. 

HAURI, RUDOLF, ESQ. B. Dec. 25, 1852, in Switzerland. A. 1873. 
M. In charge of Mercantile Branch at (Ad.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

HERMELINK, JAN. B. July 18, 1848, in Hanover. A. in 1872. W. 
Ver. preaching. M. Ad. Aiulky, Madras P. 

HIRXER, GOTTLOB, ESQ. B. Aug. 2. 1846, in Wurttemberg. A. 
in 1871. Supt. of the Mission Press. M. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 
HOCK, M. B. 18.51 in Switzerland. A. 1876. W. educational; 
teacher in Theol. Seni. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

HUBXER, NATHAN AEL. B. March 21, 1848, in Prussia. A. in 
1871. W- educational, and Ver. preaching. M. Now in Europe. 

HUTTINGER, CAUL. ESQ. B. Dec. 5, 1846, in Baden. A. in 1871. 
Supt. of Mechanical Workshop. M. Ad. Manyalore, Madras P. 

JACOBI, JOSEPH. B. in 1829, in Madras. 0. in 1868. Ad. Cali- 
cut, Madras P. 

JAUS, I. B. 1855 in Wurttemberg. A. 1879. W. educational. 
Ad. Palghat, Madras P. 

KAMSIKA, J. B. in 1818 at Mangalore. 0. in 1878. Ad. Kar- 
u-ar, Bombay P. 

KAUXDINYA, HKIUTANN ANANDRAO. B. March 20, 1825, at Man- 
galore. E. at Basel : 0. in 1851. W. charge of congregation. Transla- 
tor and author of some Christian works, and one of the translators of 
Canarese Commentary on the N. T. M. Ad. Anandapur, Madras P, 



BASEL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 147 

KEITLER, C, B. 1849 in Wurttemberg. A. in 1879. W. Vor. 
preaching. Ad. Karkala, S. Canara, Madras P. 

KITTEL, FERDINAND. B. March 17, 1832, in Hanover. A. in 
1853. W. literary ; and Yer. preaching. Author, translator and editor 
of several philological, Christian and school books, in classical and 
modern Canarese. M. Now in Europe. 

KNAUSENBEUGER, I. B. 1853 in Wurttemberg. A. 1878. W. 
Yer. preaching, and schools. Ad. Bettighery, Gadak. Bombay P. 

KNOBLOCH, JULIUS. B. in Baden, South Germany, Sept. 14 1838. 
A. Oct. 1865. M. "VV. has been Yer. preaching, and educational. L. 
edited a Children's Hymn-book ; and a few smaller tracts : one of tho 
revisers of the Malayalam Bible. Ad. Calicut, Madras I 1 . 

KRAPF, I. B. in 1858 in Switzerland. A. 1878. In charge ot 
Basel Mission Book and Tract Depository. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

KUIINLE, G. B in 1850 in Wiirttemberg. A. 1878. W. ver. preach- 
ing. Ad. Calicut, Madras P. 

LAO-FER, JAKOB. B. Jan. 4, 1834, in "Wurttemberg. A. in 1856. 
W. ver. preaching. M. Ad. Cannanore, Madras P. 

LAYER, JOHANNES. B. Xov. 11, 18-16 in Wurttemberg. A. in 1873. 
W. educational ; and ver. preaching. M. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

LIEBENDORFER, EuGKN. B. Feb. 16, 1852, in Wuttemberg. A. 
1875. W. educational, and congregation. M. Ad. Tellicherry, Madras P. 

LINDER, CARI. B. June 20, 18 40 in Baden. A. in 1868. W. ver. 
preaching. M. Now in Europe, 

LUTZE, WILIIELM. B. May 15, 1849, in Wurttemberg. A. in 1875. 
W. educational and ver. preaching. Ad Iluhly, Bombay P. 

MACK, JOHANNES. B. May 18, 1834 in the Grand Duchy of Baden. 
A. in 1858. W. educational and ver. preaching. Has written several 
school-books in Canarese. M. Now in Europe. 

MANNER, J. FR. B. in Wurttemberg. A in 1857. W. literary, 
and ver. preaching. Chairman of the Dists. of Canara and Coorg. Ad. 
Mangalore, Madras P. 

MATTHISSEN, FRANZ J.. ESQ. B. Aug- 18, 1839, at St. Petersburg, 
Russia. A. in 1867. Secular agent for the Malabar district; and educa- 
tional work. Has written several tracts in Malayalam. Ad Calicut, 
Madras P. 

Mi EG, M. B. in 1855 in Wiirttembei-g. A. 1878. M. W. educa- 
tional and ver. preaching. Ad Kotaqherry^ Nell Ferris. Madras /'. 

MULIL, A. B. in 1822. 0. 1875. Ad. Taliparambu, J)o. 

MUJ.LER, J. FRIEDRICH. B. in Wurttemberg. A in 13(51. AY. 
educational. M. Ad. Kaily, Neilgherris. 

NUBLING, WJXHELM. B in Denzlingen, Baden, Germany, May 25, 
1846. 0.1871. A. 1871. W. chiefly ver. preaching. M. Ad. Ildnore, 
Bombay P. 

OSTERMEIER, JOHANNES S. K- ESQ. B. June 22, 1855, in Bavaria, 
A. in 1873. M. W. Mercantile Branch at (Ad.) Calicut. Madras r. 

Orr, PAUL. B. Nov. 1, 1845 in Wurttemberg. A. 1871- \V. 
educational and ver. preaching. Ad- JJttlki, Madras P. 



r^ INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

PFLEIDERER, CARL. ESQ. B. April 8, 1850^ in \\~iirttemberg. A. 1874. 
General Agent and Treasurer of the Mission. Ad. Calicut, Madras P. 

HITTER, GUSTAV. B. March 20, 1844, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1869. 
W. ver. preaching. M. Ad. Udapi, Madras P. 

ROTH, WILHELM. B. in Baden. A. in 1857. M. W ver. preach- 
ing. Ad. Guledgud, Bombay P. 

HIGHLAND, A. B, l51, in Bavaria. A. 1876, "W. ver. preaching. 
Ad. Palghat, Madras P. 

SCHAUFFLER, TH. F. B. in Wurttemberg. A. in 1860. M. Now 
in Europe. 

SCHEXKEL, RUDOLPH. B. July 28, 1845, in Baden, Germany. A. 

1874. W. ver. in charge of orphanage. M. Ad. Hubly, Bombay P. 
SCHMOLCK, WILHELM. B. Sept. 12, 1839, in Baden. A in 1869, 

M. Noiv in Europe. 

SCHOXTHAL, W. P. ESQ. B. in Baden. A. in 1870. M. Supt. of 
"Weaving establishment at (Ad.) Cannanore, Madras P. 

SIKEMEIER, WILLEM K B May 27, 1843, in Holland. A. in 1870. 
M. In charge of Basel Mission Press. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

STIERLEN, F. ESQ. B. 1853m Wurttemberg. A. 1880. Ad. Can- 
nanore, Madras P. 

STOKES, WILLIAM. B. Feb. 18, 1837, at Shemoga, Mysore. 0. in 
I860. W. charge of an orphanage ; and ver. preaching. Has written 
several Canarese tracts. M. Ad. haity, Madras P. 

THUMM, J. J. B. in Wiirtteinberg. A. in 1860. W. ver. preaching. 
M. Ad. B<ettigherry, Gadak, Bombay P. 

VEIL, JOHANNES, ESQ. B.Dec. 14, 1853, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 

1875. M. Manager of Mercantile Branch at (Ad). Mercara, Coorg. 
VEIL, J. FRIEBBICH. B. July 16, 1849, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1872. 

W. ver. preaching. Ad. Mercara, Coorg. 

WAGNER, GOTTLIEB. B. March 28, 1846, in Baden. A. in 1872. 
W. ver. preaching. M. Ad. Codacal, Madras P. 

WALTER, SIMEON. B. March 3, 1841, in Switzerland. A. in 1866. 
W. charge of orphanage ; and ver. preaching. Has written several 
tracts in Malayalam. Ad. Chombalu, Madras P, 

W A T.Z, THEODORE M. B.Jan. 26, 1843, in Wiirtbember^. A. in 
1866. W. educational and ver. preaching. Editor of a Canarese monthly 
for Christians, and author of several tracts. M. Ad. Udapi, Madras P. 

WAKIH, C. B 1853, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1878. W. ver. preach- 
ing. Ad. Guleiffud, Hagulcote^ Bombay P. 

WKISMASS, T. B. 1855, in Wiiittemberg. A. 1878. Ad. Canna- 
nore, Madras P. 

W T ELSCH, JAKOB. B Aug. 22, 1848, in Alsace, Germany. A. 1871. 
W. educational ; and ver. preaching. M. Ad. Guledgud, Bombay P. 

ZIEGLER, FR. ESQ. B. Wiirttemberg. A. in 1862. M. W. educa- 
tional ; and ver. preaching. Ad. Dharwar, Bombay P. 

ZIEGLER, GTJSTAV ADOLF. B, March 12,1848, in Wiirttemberg. A. 
in 1872. W. charge of orphanage and training class. M. Ad, Udapi, 
Madras /*. 



tiASUL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 149 

RETIRED AND DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Samuel Hebich. B. April 19, 1803, in Wurttemberg. 0. and ap- 
pointed to I. in 1834. Was engaged in ver. preaching and was the means 
of many conversions. Ret. in 1859. D. in 1868. (Vide Memoir, ob- 
tainable at Mangalore.) 

C. Greiner. B. in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1834. Labored at Manga- 
lore and in the South Canara District Ret. in 1855. Has labored 
since as pastor of a German Colony in North America. 

H. Lehner. B. in Wiirttemburg (or Baden). A. in 1834 along 
with Rev. Messrs. Hebich and Greiner. Was engaged in ver. preaching 
in South Mahratta and North Canara. Ilet. in 1848. 

H. Mogling, PH. D. B. May 29, lbll,in Wurttemberg 0. and 
A. in 1836. Labored chiefly in South Canara and Coorg. The authot 
and editor of several works in Canarese, philological, theological, and 
Bible translations; and tracts. Ret. in I860 After his retirement 
served as a minister in the State Church of Wiirttemberg; since 1868 
has been engaged in literary work for the Basel Mission. 

Hermann Gundert, PH. D. B Feb. 4, 1814, in Wiirttemberg. 0. 
and A. in 1836 in connection with Mr. Norris Groves' Mission. Joined 
the Basel Mission in 1838. Labored chiefly in Malabar; in ver. preach- 
ing, school and literary work. Author of several works in Malayalam, 
linguistic, theological and practical. Translator of the N. T. and Poetical 
Books of the 0. T. which form the basis of a new revision now in prog- 
ress of the Malayalam Bible. Since returning to Europe he has been 
actively engaged in editing Missionary and other literature. 

A Loesch. B in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 1838. Ret. in 1840, 
on account of failing health. 

J. Dehlinger. 0. and A. in 1838. Ret in 1840 with broken health. 

H. Frey. B. in Wiirttemberg. 0. and A. in 1838. Labored at 
Hubly. Ret. on account of ill health in 1843. Was shipwrecked at 
Mauritius, and proceeded in another vessel which had scarcely reached 
St. Helena when it was demolished. He remained there as Chaplain 
until his death, about 1871. 

G. F. Sutter. B. in Wiirttemberg. 0. and A. in 1838. Labored 
at Mangalore. Ret. in 1846 on account of failing health. 

Johannes Layer. B. Wurttemberg 0. and A. in 1838. Labored 
in South Mahratta and North Canara. The author of two popular tracts 
in Canarese. Ret. in 1849. Has since served as pastor of a free con- 
gregation in Wurttemberg. 

J. M. Fritz. B. June 6, 1815, in Alsace, Germany. A. in 1839. W. 
chiefly ver. preaching. One of the revisers of the Malayalam Bible and 
author of some Malayalarn tracts. Was Chairman of the Basel Mission in 
India, and of the Malabar District. M. Ret. in 1880. Now in Germany. 

H. Mengert. 0. and A. in 1839. After some years joined the 
S. P. G. Mission in Guzerat. 

C. Essig. B. in Wurttemberg. 0. and A. in 1839. Labored in 
South Mabratta, D. of cholera, in 1813. 



150 INDIAN MISSIONARY DlltbCTORY. 

C. Killer. B. in Wiirttemberg. 0. and A. in 1839. Labored in 
South Maharatt'i. Ret, in 1852. Afterwards labored as pastor of Ger- 
man colonists in North America. 

G. Supper. B in jWurttemberg. 0. and A. in 1839. Labored in 
South Mahratta. Ret. in 1843 on account of ill health. 

Johannes Muller. B Jan 15, 1813, in Wiirttemberg. 0. and A. 
in 1839. Labored at Hubly ; ver. preaching and care of congregations. 
After twenty-three years of uninterrupted labor D. at his post, Dec. 28, 
1864. 

G. Weigle. B. in Wiirttemberg. 0. and A. in 1839. W. educational 
and literary. D. June 7, 1855. 

Jacob Ammann. B. July 6, 1816, in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 
1839. One of the founders of the Tulu Mission. Labored in North and 
South Canara : ver. preaching, and literary work. Translated the N. T. 
and the Psalms into Tulu. D. January 2, 1865. 

Ch. Irion. B. July 6, 1812, in Wiirttemberg. O. and A. in 1841. 
Labored at Tellicherry : ver. preaching and literary work. Author of 
several school-books and tracts in Malayalam. Ret. in 1860. Has since 
served as Missionary Secretary in the Grand Duchy of Baden. 

T. G. Stanger, Esq. B. in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1841. Labored as 
Manager of the Christian colony at Malasamudra, South Mahratta until 
1849, when he joined the L. M. S. at Bellary. Afterwards went to North 
America. 

M. Hall. 0. and A. in 1841. Labored at Bettigheny, until his 
death, in 1845. 

J. Huber. B. in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 1841. Labored at 
Calicut: ver. preaching; and school work. Ret. in 1855. Has served 
since as traveling agent of the Society for Switzerland. 

G. F. Muller. B. in Wiirttemberg. 0. and A. in 1842. Labored 
at Tellicherry : in charge of the orphanage, congregation, and engaged 
in literary work. Author of several tracts. Ret. in 1855. Has served 
since as Missionary Secretary for Wiirttemberg. 

F. H. Albrecht. B. in Saxony. 0. and A. in 1842. Labored at 
Dharwar and Honore. From 1855 to 1861 acted as traveling agent of 
the Society for Middle Germany. Ret. in 1865. D. 1866. 

Christian Muller. B. Jan. 21, 1810, in Wiivttemberg. A. in 1842. 
W. literary, educational ; and ver. preaching. The author of a number 
of tracts and school books in Malayalarn, editor of Malayalam periodicals; 
and one of the revisers of the Malayalnm Bible. Ret 1878. 

J. Friedrich Metz. B. in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1843. Ret. in 1873. 

Carl Moericke. B. Feb. 10, 1822. in Wiirttemborg. After several, 
years of pastoral work at homo was appointed to I. in 1845. Labored 
in South Mahratta, but chiefly on the Neilgherries, where he gathered 
together the first congregation. Ret. in 1865, and D. a year or two 
thereafter. 

G. Wurth. B. Sept. 18, 1820, in Wiirttemberg. 0. and A. in 
1845. Labored in South Mahratta : Ver. preaching. An accomplished 
Canurcsc scholar. D. in Dec. 1869, 



BASEL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. i 5 i 

J. G. Kies. B. Feb. 25, 1821, in Wurttemberg. 0. and A. 
in 1845. Labored in South Mahratta : literary work, care of congre- 
gations and schools. Author of a number of Canarese school-books and 
tracts. Ret. in 1866, and proceeded to North America as a pastor, 
where he D. about 1870. 

M. Buhler. B. about 1816, in Wurttemberg. 0. and A. in 1846. 
Labored on the Neilgherries : Ver. preaching, and educational work. 
Noted as a linguist. D. of cholera, July 7, 1854. 

B. Deggeler. B. April 27, 1822, in Switzerland, O. and A. in 1846. 
Labored in South Canava : Ver preaching and school-work, Ret* in 
1858. Has served since as pastor of a German colony near the Caucasus. 

W. Hoch. B. May 6, 1821, in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 1846. 
Was principal of Mission (Engl.) school at Mangalore. Ret. in 1860. 
Was traveling agent of the Society in and about Frankfort until his 
death, in 1865. 

F. Lchmann. B. Oct 20, 1823, in Bavaria. 0. and A. in 1848 
Labored in North and South Canara. Ret. in 1859 : afterwards went 
to North America as pastor of a German Colony, where he D. in 1874. 

J. Leonberger, Esq. B. Jan. 6, 1822, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 
] 849. Labored as manager of Christian Colony at Malasamudra. Rot. 
in 1861. Afterwards went to North America, where he is engaged 
in evangelistic work. 

S. Muller, Esq. B in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1849. Labored as 
superintendent of Clock-making workshops in Mangalore, until 1854, 
when he entered the Public Works Department. 

G. Boesinger, Esq. B. in Wiirttemberg. in 1849. Supt. of Work- 
shops at. Mangalore, until 1851, when he resigned the mission service. 
Is now at Ootacamund. 

J. Haller, Esq. B. Feb. 15,1825, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1851. 
Supt. of Weaving Establishment at Mangalore until 1865, when he 
resigned the mission service. Now in Coorg. 

G. Plebst, Esq. B. Aug. 16. 1823, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1851. 
Labored as Snpt of the Mission press, which had previously been a 
lithographic one. He added a typographical press, and made many 
other improvements, including an Engl. department. Also established 
the tiling works at Mangalore. Ret. in 1867, and has since labored as 
traveling agent of Young Men's Association for South Germany. 

S. Kullen. B. in Wurttemberg. After several years of pastoral 
work at home was appointed to I. in 1851. Labored in the Catechist 
school at Mangalore. Ret. in 1855. Afterwards went as a missionary 
to the Jews at Beyrout, where he D. 

0. Kaufmann. B. Oct. 19, 1828, in Baden. 0. and A. in 1853. 
Labored at Mahratta and Coorg in Ver. preaching. R. to Europe in 
1869, and D. just after arriving at Stuttgart. 

G. Camerer. B. Jan. 22, 1831, in Wurttemberg. 0. and A, in 
1854. Labored at Udapi. D. in 1858. 

Gottlob Pfleiderer, Esq. B. Sept. 28, 1829 in Wiirttemberg. A. in 
1854. Treasurer and general agent in secular affairs of the Mission ; 



152 INDIA N MISSION A R Y DIRECTORY. 

head of the Mercantile Branch at Mangalore. M. Ret. in 1880. Agent 
of mercantile and industrial establishments of the Mission. Ad. Basel. 

F. Sauvain. B. Dec. 26, 1829, in Switzerland. and A. in 1854. 
Labored at Chiracal : in charge of tho orphanage. Ret. in 1858 : has 
labored since as pastor in North America. 

G. Richter. B May 4, 1829, in Baden. O. and A. in 1855. Prin- 
cipal of the Central school in Mercara, as a missionary, until 1863, since 
as a Government official. 

Ch. Aldinger. B. Jan. 4, 1826, in Wiirttemberg. O- and A. in 1855. 
Labored in the schools and in charge of the congregations. Ret. in 1866 i 
has labored since as traveling agent of the Society in Wurttemberg. 

J. Handrich. B. Aug. 18, 1830, in Bavaria, 0. and A. in 1856. 
Labored in Dharwar. D. in 1858. 

G. Hauser. B. May 7, 1829, in Wurttemberg. 0. and A. in 1856. 
Labored at Mulky. I), in 1858. 

Friedrich Keuler. B. Feb. 8, 1834, in Wiirttemberg. O. and A. in 

1856. Labored at Mangalore, in charge of theEngl school. D. in 1858. 
J. Strobel. B Feb. 19, 1832, in Frankfort. 0. and A. in 1856. 

W. Ver. preaching. Ret. in 1S63. Labored until 1S74, as traveling 
agent of the Society in and about Frankfort, since as a minister. 

J. Bosshard, Esq B. Dec 27, 1827, in Switzerland A. in 1856. 
Labored as manager of the colonies Codacal and Chowa. Ret. in 1866. 
D. Nov 21, 1874. 

J. Hunziker, Esq. B. May 20, 1831, in Switzerland. A. in 1856:. 
Labored as Snpt. of the press, at Mangalore. Ret in 1863. Labored 
afterwards as town missionary in Zurich : since 1870, as an evangelist 
in North America. 

P. A Convert B. Sept. 17, 1832, in Switzerland. O. and A. in. 

1857. Labored at Calicut: W. ver. preaching and educational. Ret. 
in 1867. French minister in Schaffnausen until his death in 1871. 

Ch J. Wurtele. B. IN T ov. 21, 1833, m Wiirttemberg. 0. and 
A. in 18")7. Labored in South Canara and Neilgherries : ver. preaching 
and educational work. D. Feb. 2, 1863. 

J. Huher. B. Feb. 28, 1834 in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 1857. 
Labored at Hubly : ver preaching. Was Chairman of the Mission. Ret. 
in 1869. Since 1871 has labored as apastor in North America. 

C.F. R. Hahn,Esq. B. Feb. 17,1833, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 
1857 Manager of the Colony Anandapur : also labored at Bettigherry. 
Het in 1871. Was principal of a home for destitute children at Wurt- 
temberg until his death, March 28, 1875. 

H. Hauff. B. Sept. 8, 1825, in Wurttemberg. 0. and A. in 1857. 
Labored at Mangalore. Was chairman of the South Canara district. 
Ret. in 1 865. Is now a minister in the State Church of Wiirttemberg. 

A Fmkh. B. Nov. 30, 1831, in Wurttemberg. 0. and A. in 1857. 
Labored in tho catechiat seminary at Mangalore. Ret. in 1865 : D. 
on tho way home, and was buried at Corfu. 

Samuel Gottlieb Scbooh, Esq. B. Dec. 13. 1835. in Switzerland. 
A. in 1857. M. S. Cannanore. D. 1870. 



BASEL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 153 

Johann J. Brigel. B. in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1858. S. Mangalore. 
Ret. 1875. Now minister in Wiirttemberg. 

J. G. Burckhardt. B. Nov. 20, 1829, in Wiirttemberg. O, and A. 
in 1858. Labored at Tellicherry : and at Mangalore. Ret. in 1869. la 
now a minister in Wiirttemberg. 

C. Schlunk, Esq. B. Jan. 31, 1831, in Prussia. A. in 1858. Was 
Treasurer of the Mission. Bet. in 1864. D. in 1870. 

J. Fr. Traub. B. July 30, 1834, in Wurttemberg. 0. and A. 1859. 
Labored at Shirva, South Canara: Yer. preaching, Ret. in 1868. D. 
from consumption Oct. 27, 1868. 

L. Ph. Reinhardt. B. Sept. 12, 1836, in Baden. 0. and A. in 1859. 
Labored at Tellicherry : educational work, and Yer. preaching. Ret. 
in 1871. 

K. Brunner. B. in Nov. 1831, in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 1860. 
Ret. in 1866. Has since served as a pastor in North America. 

Chr. F. Krauss. B. May 3, 1835, in Wurttemberg. O. and A. in 1860. 
Labored at Neilgherrics and at Dharwar. D. July 6, 1871, from an at- 
tack of fever caught on his last tour, and which became fatal as he was 
returning home chiefly by the uncharitablenesa of the people who refused 
him even drinking water. 

E. H. Bergfcldt, B. in Prussia. A. in 1860. Ret, 1874. Tra- 
veling Agent for the Society in Germany. 

R. Riehm Esq. B. March 8, 1833, in Biden. A. in 1860. Was 
Treasurer of the Mission, and of .the mercantile branch, Mangalore. 
Ret. in 1872 on account of poor health. D. 1872. 

T. Costa. B. in 1834, at Shemoga, Mysore. 0. in 1861. Labored 
in the Anglo-ver. school, Dharwar. Left the Mission in 1876. 

Albert Wenger. B. May 9, 1837, iu Switzerland. O.and A. in 
1SG1. Labored in Neilgherries and Coorg. Ret. in 1874. Now Prin. 
of the Miss. Girls' Home, Basel. 

H. C. Schmidli, Esq. B. May 11, 1830, in Switzerland. A. in 
1861. D. 1865. 

Fr. Schlunk, Esq. B. March 21, 1841, in Prussia. A, in 1862 
Labored at Calicut in the mercantile department. Ret. in 1864. Now 
in Calicut. 

Samuel Gundert. B. Aug. 4, 1840, in Wurttemberjr. A. in 18G3, 
Labored chiefly in Malabar, and from 1874 at Maniralore. D. in Mav. 
1819. 

C. Stolz, Esq. B. in Switzerland. A. in 1863. S. Mangalore. Ret. 
in 1874. 

Chr. Roeck. B. Nov. 6, 1836, in Baden. 0. and A. in 1864. La- 
bored at Codacal and at Chowa. Ret. in 18G7. Now in North America 
in charge of a German congregation. 

Joh. Buchjrnuller. B. March 9, 1841, in Switzerland. O. and A. in 

1865. Labored at Calicut, until his death, Nov. 13, 1866. 

Edward Schweizer. B. July 28, 1840, in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 

1866. Labored in Udapi and Mangalore. Ret. in 1870: has served since 
as pastor to a German colony in North America. 

20 



I'54 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTOR?. 

Z. Deuber. B. May 21, 1842, in Switzerland. 0. and A. li 
Labored at Honore and Hnbly. Ret. on account of ill health iu 1~ ; 1 ; 
bas labored since as city missionary in Alsace. 

AVilh. Schnepf. -B*. Dec. 29, 1842, in AYurttemberg. 0. and A. in 

1866. Labored at Mangalore and Anandapur. Ret. on account of ill 
health: has eince Served us city missionary in Alsace. 

Johannes Muller, Esq. B. March 7, 1845 in AYurtteinberg. A. in 
1-866. M. Ret. 1878. 

Christian G. AYeigele. B. Oct. 6, 1845, in AA'urttemberg. A. in 1377. 
AV. ver. preaching. D. 1877. 

Jcibbo Kittet. B. Hanover. A. in 18G7. S, Tellichervy. Ret. in 1876. 
Now minister in North Germany. 

Chr. Router, Esq. B. July 12, 1833, in AYurttembrg. A. in 1867. 
Supt. of the Arisiion Press. D. in Mangalore, March 6, 1871. 

Carl Schober, Esq. B. Dec. 8, 1841, in AVurttemberg. A. in 1 807. 
AVas in charge of the mercantile branch in -Calicut. Ret. on account of 
.ill health, in 1872. 

Andreas Stoll. B. April 15, 1843, in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 

1867. Labored in South Mahratta and North Canara. Rot. in 1871 : has 
since served as pastor to a Gorman Colony in North America. 

Louis Langell. B. Dec. 7, 1840, in Switzerland. 0. and A. in 1868. 
'Labored in South Canara. Ret. in 1873: has since been engaged iu 
evangelistic work in Canada. 

Friedrich Gundort, Esq. B. March 7, 1847, in AVurttemberg. AVas 
manager of the book and tract depository at Mangalore. Ret. in 1870, 
on account of poor health. 

G. Spillraann, Esq. B. in Switzerland. A. in 1869. Ret: in 1876. 
Johannes Hesse. B. June 2, 1847, in Esthland, Russia. 0. and A. in 
'1869. Labored in the Neilgherries and at Mangalore. Ret. on account of 
ill health : has since been engaged in literary labors for the Society at 
AVurttemberg. 

Gustav Schmid, Esq. B. Oct. 24, 1840, in AViirttemberg. A. in 1870. 
AVas connected with the mercantile branch at Mangalore until his death, 
Juno 22, 1870. 

A. Bourquin. B. April 8, 1848, in Switzerland. 0, and A. in 1871. 
Labored in Malabar . Left the Mission at the close of 1875. Now in 
Bombay. 

J/L. Grieshabcv. B. June 13,1847, in AYurttemberg. 0. and A. in 
1871. Labored at'Guledgud. Ret. in 1874 to enter the ministry at home. 

Nathanael AVeitbrocht, Esq. B. in AVurttemberg. A. in 1871. 
llet. in 1876. 

August Dobler, Esq. B. Sept, 24, 1845, in Surinam. A. in 1872. 
Ret. 1879. Now pastor in Newark, North America. 

A. Mf-rkle. B. July 31, 1845, at Baden. 0. and A. in 1872. Labored 
in Chowa. Ret in 1875: is now pastor in America. 

Andreas Kohk-r. A. 1873. D. early in 1876. 



CHAPTER XIT. 
THE AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 

THIS Society, one of the oldest of its kind in America, was 
organized May 18, 1814, in the city of Philadelphia. The Rev. 
Adoniram Judson (who had arrived' at Calcutta in 1812 under 
the auspices of the American Board, and, changing his views 
somewhat, had united with the Baptist missionaries at Seraav- 
pore and had: proceeded to Rangoon in July, 1813) was in May. 
1814, appointed the first missionary of the Society. From 
J3urtnah the operations of the Society were extended iu 1836 
to Assam : and about the same time the Telugu Mission was 
commenced. As these fields are widely separated, they caa~ 
be best described by taking them up one by one. 
L THE BURMESE MISSIOX, 

In 181*5 Mr. Judaon was joined by the Rev. G. H. ITongh> 
who had been a printer and who brought from Serampore a 
printing-press and a font of Burmm types. A Catechism, and 
the Gospel of Matthew iu Burmese vrero at ouce printed. In 
September, 1818 the Rev. Messrs. Culman and Wheelock arriv^ 
ed : t,he litter, a year later, was compelled by failing health to 
withdraw from the Mission and was drownod at sea on his 
passage to Bengal. In 1819 the first house for public worship' 
and teaching was opened. In June of the-same year the first' 
Barman convert, Moung Nau, was baptized. In 1821 the Rev. 
J. Price, a physician, as well as a minister, arrived at Rangoon, 
and in 1823 the Rev. J. Wade joined the Mission. 

The war of 1824-26 suspended all the operations of the 
Mission : it compelled Messrs. Hough and Wade to retire from 
the country, while upon Messrs. Judson and Price and their 
families at Ava it brought the severest calamities and suffer- 
ings. After the war the Mission was removed to Atnherst (iu 
1827) and thence, in 1828, to Maulmain. Tavoy was also occu- 
pied, by the Rev. G. D. Boarduian, in 1828 : at Rangoon, a 
small Native church was still maintained under a Native Pastor. 

By the year 1831 several other missionaries h id arrived 



!^6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTOR?. 

from America, increasing the number to seven : another sta- 
tion, Mergui, had been occupied : the Press had printed 
200,000 tracts and books, among which were the New Testa- 
ment and several books of the Old Testament : schools had 
also been established. 

Work among the Karens had been begun by Mr. Board- 
man at Tavoy, and at his death, in 1830, was carried on most 
successfully by Mr. Mason. The Karens in all parts of Bur- 
mah have received the Gospel with far greater readiness than 
the Burmans themselves. The language of this people was in 
1832 reduced to writing by the Rev. Mr. Wade. 

In the two years, 1833-34 nine other missionaries arrived 
and the work was proportionately extended : daring this per- 
iod Mr. Judson completed his translation of the Bible into the 
Burman tongue. " It had been his daily task amid the vicis- 
situdes of many years. It had been his solace in grief, his 
companion in solitude, his support in weariness and depression." 

In 1835 a branch of the Mission was opened in the prov- 
ince of Arracan : in 1840 Akyab and Saudoway were occu- 
pied. Missionaries from America continued to arrive, and the 
number of converts, especially Karens, was multiplied. In 1840 
Mr. Judson finished the revision of his Burman translation of the 
Bible. In 1843 the persecution of the Christian Karens was re- 
newed with increased violence ; ill treatment and imprisonment 
however were endured with heroic Christian fortitude, by the 
simple dwellers among the mountains of Arracan. In the same 
year the New Testament was translated into the Karen languages. 

lii 1845 Dr. Judson visited America, returning to his 
work in December, 1846. He made an effort to establish 
himself at Ava or at Rangoon, but being unsuccessful ret".rr?d 
to Maulmain, where he continued to labor until 1849, when his 
health failed : in April, 1850, he took passage on a French 
ship bound for the Isle of France, but died when four days 
out, April 12th.* 

About this time the Burman and Karen departments of 

the work at Maulmain and in Arracan were separated from each 

other, a measure which led to greater efficiency and larger 

success. The war between Burmah and Great Britain, in 1852, 

See Way laud's " Memoir of Dr. Judsou." 



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 1 57 

greatly altered the condition of the missions in Burmab. The 
missionaries together with a deputation from America, assembled 
at Maulmain, to discuss the leading subjects connected with the 
organization and conduct of the missions. The convention con- 
tinued from April 4th, to the 17th of May, 1853. Several im- 
portant modifications were made in the missions already exist- 
ing, and five new missions were established : Rangoon, Bassein, 
Shwaygyeen, Protne, and Tounghoo. There were at this time 
thirty-one missionaries in the field. 

In 1854, a new station was formed at Henthada, and in 
1855 another was opened at Thongzai : Zeegong was occupied 
in 1876, and Bhamo, in 1877. 

At present, work is carried on in the larger stations in 
several languages, Burmese, Karen, (Pgho and Sgau) and 
Shan. The Bassein Karen Churches support four missionaries 
among the Kakhyens in the mountains beyond Bhamo. The 
growth and liberality of the Karen Churches are so well-known 
that they need only this word of mention. 

There are now (188i) 21 Burman, and 431 Karen Church- 
es. The number of Native Christians is about 60,000 ; con> 
inunicants, 21, 594. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

BEXXETT, CEPHAS. B. Homer, X. Y., U. S. A., March 20, 1804. 
A. in Madras, Sept. 18^'J. in Maulmain, Jan. 13, 1830. H. to America 
1840. 0. in Utica, X. Y. 1840. II. to Maulmain, 1841. S. Maulmain, 
Tavoy, and Rangoon. H. 1871-72. lias labored chiefly as Supt. of 
Mission Press : has printed in five languages the first books printed in 
those languages. Ad. Rangoon. 

BRAYXO.V, D. L. Ad. Rangoon. 

BUNKER. A. Ad. Tounghoo, Burmah. 

BCSIIKLL, WALTER. B. Charlton Kings, Gloucestershire, Eng. July 
4,1850. E. Crozer Theol. Sem. (1878) 0. July 3U, 1878. A. Dee. 
5, 1878. Ad. Maooben, Thonkwa, Bunnah. 

CARPENTER, C. H. Ad. Bassein, Burmah. 

CrsHixo, JOSIAH XELSON. B. Xorth Attleboro, Mass., U.S.A. 
May, 1840. O. July 1805. A. March, 1867. S. Rangoon. H. to 
U. S. A. from May, 1874, to Oct. 1876 and to Eng. 1879. L. Translated 
into the Shan language : The Xew Testament, " Grammar," " Manual," 
Shan and Eng. Dictionary, Small Astronomy, and Geography, several 
Tracts and a Hymn-book : Mission Press, Rangoon. Ad. lianyuon. 

CROSS, E. B. Ad. Tounghoo, Burmah. 

CRIME, A. Y. Ad. Do. Do. 



I5 8 IXDIAX VI.-ZIOXARY DIRECTORY. 

EJ.WELL, JACOB THOMAS. B. Philadelphia, F. S. A., May 10, 1? iL 
E. at Lemsburg Univ. (1871) and at C'ro/er Theol. Scin. (1874}. O. 
July, 1876. Pastoral work at home. 1875-78. M.May H, 1879. A. 
Dec. 5, 1878. Ad. Bassein, Burmah. 

EVELETII, FREDERIC HOWARD. 13. Durham, Me., V. S. A. March 21, 
1843. O. at Portland, June, 1873. A.Jan. 12. 1874. S. Totinghoo. 
H. March 28, 1879 to Dec. 1, 1880. Ad. Tounyhuo, Burmah. 

FKEIDAY, J. A. Ad. Bhamo, Burma/}. 

HANCOCK, Pv. B. Ad. Zcegong. Burmah. 

HARRIS, XORMAX. 15. Beeket, Mass., U. S. A., Feb. 19, 1813. 
Oct. 9, 1844. A. Dec. 1. 1846. S. Maulmain, 1846-53, Shwaygyeen,1853 to- 
present. H. 1857-59 ; 1862-66 : 18G7-G8. Ad. Khwayt/yeen, Burmah. 

HASCALL, "\V. H. S. Ad. Maulmain, Burmah. 

JAMESON, MELVIX. B. Lyons. X.Y.,U.S.A. March 3, 1830. 0. April, 
1860. S. Alton, 111., U. S. A., 1860-1869. A Feb. 22, 1870. 8. liasseiny 
1870-80. H. to America 1881. Ad. Bassem, Barman. 

KO-SHOAT. Ad. Maulmain, Bttrmah. 

Mix, 13. J. Ad. Tounghoo, Do. 

MORROW, HORATIO. ]5. St. Peter's Bay, P. E. Island, April 24 r 
1843. 0. Xov. 11, 1871. A. Dec. 27, 1876. Ad. Taroy, Burmah. 

MYA-MAI. Ad. Rangoon. 

XICIIOLS, CBABl.RsAl.yoRD. B. Westportj Conn., U. S. A., Aug.. 1<>, 
1853. O. Aug. 19, 1879. A. Dec. 9, 1879. Ad. Bassein, Burmah. 

NORMS, JAMES FRKP ERIC. B. Danlmry. X. H., U. S. A.March 10, 
1S38. 0. July, 18C->. A. March, ISCG. S.' Maulmain, 180G. Tavoy, 186^, 
Maulmain, 1879. H. to America 1871-79. Ad. Maulmain, Burmah. 

PACKER, JOHN. Ad. /Saut/oati. 

PRICE, "\V- J A 1879. Ad. Shicaygyeen, Burmah. 

HOBERTS, \\. II. Ad. Bhamo, Burmah. 

]{OSE, A. T Ad. Jlanijoon. 

SAIR-TAY. Ad. Do. 

SuwAT-Xoo. Ad. Do. 

SMITH, D. A. Y\". Ad. Do. 

SIEVKXS, EDWARD ABIEL. f5. near Piiceboro, Ga., F. S. A. 0. at. 
Ituckersvillc. Ga. A. Feb. 19. 1S3S. S. Maulmain, 18.'J8-o7 ; since, Ran- 
goon. H. 1854 and 1876. L. Translations, (in Burmese) "History, 
Atir-ient and Modern" ; Barth's " Church History'' ; Headings to Chapters 
and Uofercnces to X.T.; Ilannay's Concordance ; several Tracts : original, 
several Tracts ; editing a monthly Xewspaper in Burmese. Ad. Jfan- 
ffoon. 

STEVENS, EDWARD OLIVER. B. at Maulmain, Burmah. Dec. 1 7. 1838. 0. 
Xewton.U. S. A. Oct. 23, 1864. A. Feb. 22, 1866. S. Promo. L. Editing 
second edition Judson's Burmese and Engl. Dictionary. H. to America 
1875. Ad. Frame, Burmah. 

TAY-TOY. Ad. Jlarir/oon. 

THOMAS, AY. Ad l[ctha<hi, Burmah. 

A'IXTOX, J. B. Ad. JfangooK. 

AA T EBSTI:R, DAVID. Ad. Maulmain, Burmah. 



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 



'59 



II. THE ASSAM MISSION. 

The Rev. Messrs. Brown and Cutter, from Burmah, ar- 
rived at Sadiya, March 23, 1836, having been four months on 
the journey from Calcutta. A school-house was built in May 
and a school opened in June, 1836. The Rev. Messrs. Thomas 
and Bronson with their wives sailed from Boston. October 17 
1836, taking presses and printing materials, and arrived afc 
Sadiya, July 17, 1837, except Mr. Thomas, who was killed 
below Sadiya by a tree falling from the river-bank across his 
boat. Several translations were made and books printed both 
in Assamese and Khamti. Sadiya was relinquished in May, 
1839, a disturbance having arisen in which several Khamti 
chiefs were killed and the Khamtis entirely dispersed. The 
first Assamese convert was baptized in 1841. Jaipur had been 
previously occupied by Mr. Bronson, who, in 1840 removed to 
the Xnga Hills where he opened work. Sibsagor was adopted 
as a station in May, 1841 by the Rev. Messrs. Brown and 
Barker, aud Nowgong in October, 1841, by Mr. Bronson. 
Gowhatti was occupied in 1843. In the same year an or- 
phanage was foimed at Nowgong , afterwards discontinued. In 
1847 two other missionaries arrived and the work was carried 
forward more vigorously. In 1848 the second edition of the 
New Testament in Assamese was printed : and in 1850, the 
third. In 1851 each of the three stations was re-iuforced and 
three separate churches were formed. There were at this time 
five Native assistants of whom two had visited the United 
States. Converts were added from time to time, numbering 
in 1855, 62. About 1857 sickness compelled several of the 
missionaries to return home, and the churches were somewhat 
weakened. Other missionaries ariived soon after and new con- 
verts were gained. The first Garo convert was baptized in 
February, 1863, and the first Mikir convert in the following 
September. In April, 1864, two Garos, who had been baptized 
at Gowhatti, were sent to preach to their own people; in 1867 
the Garos were first visited by the missionaries, and a church 
of 40 members was organized, at Goalpara. Schools were 
established and itinerations made. This field has proven an 
interesting one : by October, 1874 no leas than 446 Garos had 



160 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRKGTORY. 

been baptized in various parts of the Mission; and the work 
has continued with increasing interest since. 

The " Orunodoi," a monthly religious newspaper in As- 
samese, was begun in January, 1845 and continued to 1830. 
A monthly newspaper in Garo was begun in 1880. 

In 1877 a new mission was opened among the Nagas be- 
yond British territory, and in 1878 a station was formed at 
Tura, the head quarters of the Garo work. In 1879 a new 
mission was begun among the Angami Nagas, 

There are now in connection with the Assam Mission of 
the Union six missionaries, aud 11 ordained Native preachers. 
The Native Christian community exceeds 4,500: communicants 
1,933. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

OHOKIX. Ad. Rangjubie, Assam. 

CLARK, E. "NV. A. 1869. Ad. Amguri, Assam. 

DEDIXG. Ad. Rangshipiira, Assam. 

GANGA HAM Ad. Rajasimla, Do. 

CODHFLA. Ad. Amguri, Do. 

GFRXEY, A. K. A. 1874. Ad. Sibsagor, Do. 

KIXG, CHARLES D. B. Mexico. X. Y., U. S. A , May 25,1847. 
0. Sept, 11,1878. A. Dec. 10, 1878. S. Naga Hills. Ad. Kohina, 
jVoya Hills, Assam. 

MALJOXG. Ad. Rcsu, Agia, Assam. 

MASON, MARCUS CLARK. B. "Wales, Erie Co., X. Y., U. S. A , June 
6, 1844. E. Madison Univ. (June, 1872) and Hamilton Theol. Sem. 
(June, 1874). M. June 18, 1874. O.July 29, 1874. A. Dec. 19, 1874. 
S. Goalpara, 1874-78 ; since, Tura. Ad. Tura, Garo Hills, Assam. 

MEXDRO. Ad. Rangjubie, Assam. 

MOORE, PITT HOLLAND. B. Akyab, Dec. 4, 1853. O. July 23, 1879 1 . 
A. Dec. 14, 1879. Ad. Noicgong, Assam'. 

OiiED. 0. 1864. Ad. Rajasimla, Assam. 

PHILLIPS, ELXATHAN G. B Dec. 6, 1845, in East Bloorofield. X. Y., 
IT. S. A. E. Madison Univ. (B. A. 1872, M. A. 1874). 0. July 8, 1874. 
M. June 18, 1874 A. Dec. 19, 1874. S. Goalpara, 1874-77; since, 
Tura. Ad. L. revision of Garo hymn-book, etc. Ad. Tura, Assam. 

KAMKIIE. Ad Rangjubie, Assam. 

KVXGKHT. Ad. Tura, Do. 

SMITH, KAXDL-RA HOLLIN. B. at Xowgong, in 1837. O. Aug. I, 
1877. Ad. Gowhatti, Assam. 

THOMAS, SOXIIIAM CHARLES. Ad. Xowyong;, Assam, 



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 161 

IIL THE TELUGU MISSION. 

In the year 1835 the Society decided to establish a mis- 
sion to the Telugus. The Rev. S. S. Day and wife, the first mis- 
sionaries sent out, arrived in India in 183G. In 1840 Mr. Day 
established the present Telugu mission at Nellore. In March 
of the same year he was joined by Rev. S. Van Husen and wife, 
and in the following September the first Telugu convert was 
baptized. Four years later a church was organized, but tho 
following year failure of health compelled the missionaries to retire 
from tho field. In April, 1849, Mr. Day returned to Nellore 
accompanied by the Rev. L. Jewett. During the ensuing 
five years the progress of the mission was so discouraging thab 
for the second time the question of abandoning the field was 
agitated in America. However, it was decided to let the 
tf Lone Star" as the mission came at that time to be called, 
" shine on ;" and in 1855 the Rev. F. A. Douglass came 
out to assist Mr. Jewett, who had been left alone a second time. 

a 

In December, 1861, Kanakiab, the first native pastor, was 
ordained. Still the progress of the work was so slow and unsatis- 
factory that the question of abandoning the mission was again 
discussed by the Missionary Union. At the earnest appeal of 
Mr. Jewotfc, who arrived in America at thab time in quest of 
health, it was once more decided to lefc it live; and in April, 
1865, ho again arrived at Nellore accompanied by the Rev. J. E. 
Clough and wife. In September of the following year Mr. 
Clough removed to Ongole and began a mission there. On the 
1st of January, 1867, he organized a church of 18 members, 
which very soon commenced to grow and from this timo the 
work among the Telugus began to assume a more encouraging 
appearance. In February, 1870, the Rev. A. V. Timpany 
began work at Ramapatam, and in tho following March, organiz- 
ed a church of 35 members. In the year 1872 a Theological 
Seminary was opened at this place, for which Mr. Clough, while 
in America, in 1872-73, secured an endowment of 10,000. Other 
missionaries continued to arrive from America, and the work 
was rapidly extended. The Rev. R. R. Williams took charge of 
the Seminary at Ramapatarainl874. The next year a new statioa 
was opened at Secuuderabad by the Rev. W. W. Campbell. 

21 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

In theyear 1877 work was begun at Kurnool by the Rev. D. 
H. Drake. The following year Dr. Jewett opened a station in 
Madras. In 1879 a new station was opened at Hanamacond,a 
by the Rev. A. Loughridge. 

During the terrible famine of 1876-79 everything was done 
by the missionaries that could bo to alleviate the distress of the 
people. In addition to the distribution of more than 40,000 
at Nellore and Ongole, Mr. Clough took a contract to cut 
several miles of the Buckingham canal. He appointed his 
native preachers, colporteurs, etc. as overseers, and to read 
and preach to the workmen as opportunity offered. In this way 
from three to four thousand coolies at a time from all parts of 
the country were brought under the influence of the Gospel, 
at the same time that they were afforded the means of 
keeping themselves and families from starving. Before the 
famine the people in great numbers had begun to embrace 
Christianity; and before its close indications of much greater 
ingatherings began to appear. This was chiefly in the Ongole 
district, though it was not confined to it. For fear of being 
deceived Mr. Clough rejected all applications for baptism until 
all relief operations had been suspended, and he felt that he 
could no longer refuse. Between June 1,6th, 1878, and Dec- 
ember Clsfc, of the same year, 9,606 were baptized. Since then 
the work has gone steadily forward, though not on so large a 
scale, and more than two years of trial and persecution have 
demonstrated its genuineness. 

In addition to evangelistic work, that of educating and 
pnlightening the converts has received all the attention possible 
under the circumstances. A bi-monthly magazine in the ver- 
nacular, "The Telugu Baptist/' has reached its fifth volume. 
The Theological Seminary is well attended. A High School has 
been established at Ongole, 

The following are the statistics of the Telugu Mission, 
December 31, 1880: stations occupied, 7; missionaries, 12; 
native preachers ordained, 40; schools, 166; pupils, 2,891; 
baptisms for the year 1880, 3,027: Native Christians, 17,020. 

[W. R. M.} 



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 163 
MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 



GOORAVIAH. B. 1847. O. 1850. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

BEZWARA. PAUL. B. 1842. 0.1872. Ad. Do. Do. 

BOGOS, WILLIAM BAMBRICK. B. Novu Scotia, Canada, May 8, 
1842. 0. at Sydney, Sept. 24, 1865. A. Nov. 1874 under the Baptist 
For. Miss. Board of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. H. to America 
ffom 1876-78 Rt, under appointment of A. B. M. U. Jan. 18, 1879. 8. 
Ongole, 1879-80: in Jan. 1881 transferred to Ramapatam. to take charge 
of Theol. Seni. Ad. Ramapatam, Madras P. 

BUDDEPOODY, ABRA-HAM. B. 1846. 0. 1872 Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

BULL^RD, EDWIN. (Son of the Rev. E. B. Bullard). A. Nov. 1870. S. 
Nellore, 1870, Alloor, 1872. H. to America. Ad. Rutland, Vt., U.S. A. 

BUWDAKE, LABAN. B. 1852. O. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

BUNDARE, LTJKE. B. 1851. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

BUXDABE, PRESAGE. B. 1852. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

CAMPBELL, WOODLEY W. B. Busti, N. Y., U. S. A. July 31, 1843. 
0*. Oct. 22, 1873. A. Jan. 31, 1874. M. S. Ongole, 1874-75, Secunder- 
abad June, 1875. L. Editor of " Telugti Baptist" two and-a-half years 
Ad. Secunderabad, Deccan. 

CAVORE, YELLAiirNDU. B. 1850. 0. 1880. Ad Ovyole, Madras P. 

CAVORE, ZECHARIAH. B. 1839. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

CLOUGH, JOHN EVERETT. B. July 16, 1836 near Shrewsbury, Chau- 
tauqua Co. N. Y., U. S. A. Government employment in Minnesota four 
years. Entered Burlington (Iowa) Collegiate Institute in 1857. M. Aug. 
15, 1861. Graduated atJJpper Iowa Univ. at'Fayette, in T862. Taught 
one year and labored one year as missionary colporteur ia Eastern Iowa. 
Appointed to I. Aug. 8, 1864; 0. Nov. 20, 1864. A. March 26, 1865. 
Labored for more than a y'ear at Nellore : in Sept. 1866 proceeded to 
Ongole where he opened a new station-. W. has been chiefly ver. L. 
Two tracts, " Where are you going" i " Messages for All." H. from 
March 5, 1872 to Jan. 18, 1874. While in America secured an endow- 
ment for the Theol. school at Ramapatam. Ad. Ongole. Madias P. 

COLA, MOSES. B. 1826. 0. 1872. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 
DEKASHE, OBADIAII. B. 1841. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

DOUTHALTTRE, YELLAMUNBU. B. 1844. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

DOWNIE, DAVID. Graduated at Brown Univ. (It. I ) in 1869 and at the 
Theol. Sem. Rochester, N. Y. in 1872. 0. in Monneville, Ohio, 1872. A. 
at Nellore, Dec. 10, 1873, where he has since labored W. Anglo- 
vernacular. Is Treasurer of the Mission. Ad. Nfllore, Madras /'. 

DRAKE, D. H. B. in N. J., U. S. A. E. Shurtliff Col. and- Chicago 
Union Theol. S(5iu.- A. Dec. 25, 1874. S. Ramapatam, Kuruool. H. to 
America. Ad. Danville, N. Y., U. S. A. 

GOODOORE, YERRIAH. B. 1851. 0. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

GOOMBARDE, RAMIAH. B. 1848. 0: 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

GuNDUii, PEDIAH. B. 1825. 0. 1873. Ad. Do. Do. 

GTTNGASAPV, PETER. B. 1850. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

ISDLA, PHILIP. B. 1853. 0. 1880, Ad. Do. Do, 



164 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIREOTORY. 



JEWETT, LYMAN. B. March 0, 1813, at "\Yatcrford, Me., U. S. A. 
Graduated at Brown Univ. and Xewton Theol. Sem. Pastoral work 
several years in Mass. 0. at Boston, Oct. 6, 1848. M. 1848. A. at 
Madras Feb. 21 1849, S. Xellore. H 18G2-65: and 1874-76. L. 
Translated several tracts into Telugu : also the Gospel of Matthew, upon 
which he wrote a Commentary. AYas a member of the Telugu Bible 
llevision Committee several years. Ad. Madras. 

JONALAGEDDA, ENOCH. B 1852. 0. 1880. Ad. Onyolc, Madras F'* 

JVAXAKIAK, X. 0. in 1861. Ad. Nellore, Madras P. 

KELLEY, K. Ad. Ramapatam, Do. 

KOSTDAPAIE, YEXKATIAH. B. 1844. O. 1830. Ad. Oitaole, Do. 

IUTXDLA, YENKIAH, B; 1844. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do- 

LOUGHRIDGE, ALBERT. B. at Oskaloosa, Iowa, U. S. A., June 12, 
1845. E. State Univ.of Iowa, (B. A. 1871, M. A. 1877). M. Aug. 
20, 1874. 0. Sept. 20. 1874. A. Nov. 19, 1875. S. Ongole, 1875-78 ; 
since Jan. 1879, AYarongal. Ad. Hemamaconda f Hyderabad j Deccart. 

MADECONBA, EZRA. B. 1830. 0. 1873. Ad. Ongolc, Madras P. 

MANLEY, W. 11 B. in Pa., U. S. A. June 13, 1850. 0. in March 
1879. M. Aug. 31, 1879. A. at llangoon, Dec. 3, 1879, at Ongole 
Aug. 26, 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

MORGAN, FREEMAN ELDER. B. Batavia, 111 , U. S. A. Feb. 9, 1850. 
O. Sept. 18, 1879. A. Dec. 8, 1879. M. Ad. Kurnool, Madras P. 

MVCKIN, RErBE*. B. 1841. 0. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Do. 

MTJLLELA, ISAAC. B. 1844. 0. 1872. Ad. Do. Do. 

XAGAPOGTT, YOSAPU. B. 1832. O 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

NARSF, K. Ad. Nellorc, Madras P. 

NEWHALL, ALFRED ArGusirs, JR. B. in Cambridgeport. Mass T 
t. S. A., Jan. 7, 1844. E. Univ. of Rochester, X. Y. (1872) and 
'.Rochester Theol. Sem., (1875 ) 0. Sept. 2, 1875. A. Nov. 19, 1875. 
S. Kamapatara. H. to America. Ad. Morgan, Park Co , ///., U. S. A, 

NOMALA, NAKSU. B. 1830. 0. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

ONGOLTT, ABEL. B. 1824. 0. 1880. ' Ad. Do. Do. 

PEDATE, PAJIIAH. B. 1828. 0. 1873. Ad. Do. Do. 

PERASHAPOGU, ATANAH. B. 1848. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

POOLAKOORE, BALIAH. B 1842. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do* 

POOLAKOORK, PixLEY. B. 1852. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

HAGAPATE, YAKOBU. B. 1848. 0. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

HAXOIAH, TVPELE. O. 1872. Ad. Ramapalam, Madras P. 

SIEII.VM, SOLOMOX. B. 1833. 0. 1872. Ad. Do. Do. 

TALTJKE, DAMIRL. B. 1834. 0. 1872. Ad. Do. Do. 

TEATTJ, B. Ad. Ramapatam, Madras P. 

VEDADELLA, JOXAH. B. 1841. 0. 1880. Ad. Onyole, Do. 

AYiLLiAJis, 11. 11. B. in Ohio, U. S. A. E at Granville Col. and 
at the Chicago Union Theol. Sem. Appointed to I. in May, M. July 3, 
and sailed Oct. 5, 1873. A. at llamapatam in Jan. 1874. K. to 
America in 1881. Ad. Ramapatam, Madras P. 

Youox. Ad. Ramapatttm, Madras P. 



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 165 
DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Samuel Stearns Day. B. in 1808, in Ohtario, Canada. Graduated 
at Madison Univ. (N. Y.) in 1831. 0*. Aug. 24, 1835. A. in Calcutta 
in Feb. 1836. Proceeded to Tizagapatam and afterwards to Nellore 
where he laid the foundation i of the Telugu Mission. H. from Oct. 
1845 to Feb. 1849. R. to America in June, 1853. Eet. in Feb. 1863. 
Served as a pastor several years in N Y. awdMieh. D. in 1871. 

Steven Van Husen. B. Dec; 5, 1812; at Catskill, N. Y., U. S. A. 
E. at Madison Univ. Appointed to I. Aug. 23, 1838. 0. Aug. 29, 18S9 
A. at Nellore, March 21, 1840. II. home on account of poor health in 
Oct. 1845. D. at Brattleboro,- Vt., U. S. A. 

Jacob Thomas. B. at Elbridge, N. Y r U. S. A. E at Madison 
Univ. Appointed to Assam April 29, and sailed Oct. 17, 1836. Was 
killed by a falling tree on- the Brahmaputra river, near Sadiya, Jnily 7, 
1837. ' 

Cyrus Barker. B. March 27, 1807 T at Portsmouth, R I., U. S. A. 
E. at Madison Univ. Appointed to I. in July, and O. in Sept. 1839. A. 
at Calcutta Feb. 20, 1840. Labored at Jaipur from May, 1840 to May 
1 841, when he removed to Sibsagor : labored here and at Gowhatti. 
Left India with broken health Oct. 29, 1849. D. at sea (in- the Mozam- 
bique channel) Jan. 31, 1850. 

G. Dauble. Came to I. under the auspices of the Basel Society, 
and labored at Dacca. Joined the Baptist Mission in 1850 and was ap- 
pointed to Nowgong. D. of cholera, March. 21, 1853. 

"William "Ward. E. at Madison Univ. Appointed to I. in 1849; 
Sailed July 25, 1850 : arrived at Gowhatti, April 29,. 1851. B. home- 
on account of his wife's health in Nov. 1857. Bt. Dec 10, 1860. La- 
bored here until his death in 1873. 

Edward Payson Scott. B. in 1832 at Greensboro, Yt., U.S. A. 
E. at Knox Col. 111. and at Madison Univ. Appointed to I. May 8, 1860r 
A. atNowgong, Nov. 1862 : and labored here until his death. 

Appleton Howe Danforth. B. July 8, 1817, at Pelham, Mass r 
"6" S. A. E. at Madison Univ. Appointed to I. June 28, 0. Oct. 22, and 
sailed Nov. 3, 1847. A. at Gowhatti in May, 1848. 11. home on ac- 
count of Mrs. Danforth's health in 1858. D. in America. 
S. W. Nichols. A. 1878. D. at Madras, Dec. 8, 1880.. 



CHAPTER XIII. 
AMERICAN FREE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THE Rev. Amos Button, D. D. may be called the founder 1 
of the Society and of. its Mission in Northern Orissa and South- 
ern Bengal. After nine years of labor in Orissa in connection 
with the General Baptist Society, his health failed and he re- 
paired to America. While recruiting his health, he made 
earnest appeals to the Baptist churches in behalf of the per- 
ishing heathen of Orissa : and aroused and assisted by his 
labors the Free Baptists were led to form in 1834 a Foreign 
Missionary Society, of which Mr. Sutton Was Secretary and 
Traveling Agent for 1 more than a year. In September, 1835, 
he left America as the leader of a' party of twenty missionaries 
male and female, being the largest missionary company which 
had up to that time ever left America for the Eastern hemi- 
sphere. 

The first two missionaries to enter Oiissa for the Society 
were the Rev. Messrs. J. Phillips and fili Noyes, who spent 
six months in connection with the English General Baptist 
missionaries. At the expiration of that time it was mutually 
agreed that they should enter a separate field, and Sambhal- 
pore was selected : this was soon abandoned, however, and 
the station Balasore was occupied. The missionaries in addi- 
tion to other labors formed the nucleu'8 of a boarding-school. 
Early in 1840, Mr. Phillips formed a new station at Jellasore, 
where schools were organized and subsequently a hospital es- 
tablished. About 1842 a dispensary was opened at Balasore 
and a medical class formed. This agency has been highly use- 
ful in the Mission. Midnapore was occupied in 1844, but was 
after a time abandoned : it was subsequently permanently occu- 
pied and is now the centre of an interesting work. About; 
1852 work was opened at Santipore, near Jellasore. A farm of two 
hundred acres has been brought under cultivation and affords 
means of support to a number of Christian families. The Mis- 
sion has at present nino separate native Christian communities 



AMERICAN FREE BAPTIST SOCIETY. 167 

occupying thirteen villages. A number of schools have been 
opened, about half of which are for Santali children. 

The Mission has now eight churches in the districts of Ba^ 
lasore and Midnapore. There are schools at all the stations, 
mostly of a primary .character. At Bhimpore, there is a San 
tal Training school, and there are about seventy primary schools 
in the Santai country. There is a high grade vernacular school 
at Balasore and an orphanage for girls at Jellasore. In 1879 
a Bible School for training native helpers was opened at Mid^ 
napore. There is a Mission Press at Midnapore, where Scrip- 
tures, tracts, and school books in Bengali, Oriya and Santai 
are printed. 

The Society has at present ten missionaries and ordained 
native agents. There are in th-e Mission 534 communicants and 
a Native Christian community of nearly a thousand souls. 

[J. L. P.] 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY, 

BACHELER, OTIS ROBINSOX, (M. D.). B. Andover, X. H., U. S. A. 
Jan. 17, 1817. 0. Lowell, Mass. April, 1840. A Sept. 1840. S. Bal- 
asore, 1840-52, H. 1852-62. S. Midnapore, 1862-70. H. 1870-73 ; 
since, Midnapore. L. " Medical Guide" (in Orij-a), 1848; "Medical 
Guide" (in Bengali), 1852. Ad. Midnapore, Bengal. 

BASTT, PURNA CHANDRA. B. at Dacca, 1847. 0.1875. S. Mid- 
napore, Dan toon. Ad. Dan toon, Bengal. 

BITRKHOLDER, THOMAS WESLEY. B. 1850. 0. 1877. A. 1878. S. 
Bhimpore. W. ver. Ad. Midnapore, Bengal. 

COLDREN, MILO JONES. B. in La Grange Co., Ind., L T . S. A., June 8, 
1850. 0. March, 1875. E. Hillsdale Col. Mich., graduating in classical 
course, 1876, Theol., 1878. A. Dec. 24, 1879. Ad. Balasore, Orissa. 

LAWRENCE, RICHARD M. B. Dover, Eng. Feb. 29, 1848. E. Hills- 
dale Col., Mich. (B. A. 1873.) A. Dec. 12, 1874. S. Midnapore. W. 
Supt. of press. Ad. Midnapore, Bengal. 

MARSHALL, ALBERT JOSIAH. B. in Shelbj', N. Y., IT. S. A. Nov. 3, 
1847. 0. April 24, 1872. A. Nov. 15, 1873. Ad. Balasore, Orissa. 

MISHRA, JACOB. B. at Balasore, 1850. 0. 1873. Ad. Midnapore, 
Bengal. 

PHILLIPS, JAMES LIDDELL, (M.D.) B. at Balasore, 1840. 0. 1862. 
A. 1865. S. Midnapore, 1865-73, Bhimpore, 1874, Midnapore, Prin- 
cipal of Bible School since 1879. H, 1875-78. Ad. Midnapore, Bengal. 



1 68 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 
Jeremiah Phillips, D. D. B. in 1812, at Plainficld, N. Y., U. S. A. 

0. 1835. A. 185G. S. Sambhalporc, Balasore, Jellasore, Santipore, 
Dantoon. W. ver. L. ' Manual of Geography" in Oriya, (1850) ; and 
" Introduction to the Santal Language" ^1853) ; and a volume of " Scrip- 
ture selections" in Santal. H. 18-55-65. It. to America 1879. D. at 
Hillsdale, Mich., Dec. 9, 1879. 

Eli Noyes, D. D. B. in 1814 in Me,, U. S. A. 0. in 1835, A. 
(one of the first missionaries of the Society) in Feb. 1836. S. sever- 
al months at Cuttack, and then Sambhalpore for one year. From 
March, 1838 to June, 1841, Balasore. On account of failing health left 

1. in June, 1841. It. to America and traveled for a time as agent for 
the Mission. AVas afterwards engaged in pastoral work at Boston, and 
Providence, R. I, About 1851 he removed to La Fayette, Indiana, where 
he D. about 1852. 

B. B. Smith. B. March 17, 1820, in Sandwich, N. H., L T . S. A. 
0. in June, 1852. A. 1852. S. Balasore. H. 1862-67. L>. at Bala- 
sore, Nov. 22, 1872. 

James C. Dow. Of Livernaore, Me., U. S A. A. in March, 1844, 
S. Midnapore until early in 1847 when his health failed and he li. to 
America. Labored for a time as pastor : is now residing in one of the 
"Western States, U. S. A. 

Ruel Cooley. Of New York, U. S. A. E. at Oberlin, Ohio. A. in 
Jan. 1850. S. Balasore where he labored ten years, preaching in Oriya 
and in Engl. and in charge of an orphanage and schools. On account of 
ill-health It to America in lfc'61. Labored for a time as Home mission- 
ary ; for several years has had charge of a church as pastor in Johns- 
town, "NVis. Ad. Lima Center, Wis., U. S. A. 

Robert D. Frost. B. at Sugar Grove, 111., U. S. A. in 1846. 0. 
1874. A. 1874. S. Midnapore. W. ver. Ret. 1876, Ad. Lewiston, 
Me., U. S. A. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

GOSSNER'S MISSIONARY SOCIETY- 
FATHER or Pastor Gossner, tke founder of this Society, 
was originally a Roinish priest, but afterwards b2came a director 
of the B'erliu Missionary Society. Differing from bis brethren-, 
of tbe directorate in bis views of a missionary's qualifications 
ke withdrew, and in 1836, constituted himself into a-: Committee 
for tbe education, and supply of foreign missionaries. His can- 
didates were all to be mechanics and cordially willing to engage- 
in missionary labors, and to earn their livelihood by manual 
labor. His first missionaries to India were sent in 1833 and 
1840, part to BengaL and tbe others to Central India. Of six 
who attempted to establish an agricultural colony among tho 
Gonds, four were cut down by death within five days of each 
other, only a few months after reaching their field of labor. 
The others repaired to Nagpore, but were not spared long and 
the mission was thus a failure. 

The first station occupied in Bengal was Miizaffarpore, in^ 
1840 s . Missionary operations were commenced at Chapra in. 
1842 : at Buxar, in 1852, and at Durbuugah in 1S63 

The Society was organized in 1842. In 1844 it sent fro* 
India four missionaries, the Rev. Messrs. Schatz, Batsch, Brandt, 
and Fancke. Arriving at Calcutta they sought the advice of 
tbe missionaries there, as to the most eligible field of labor 
and were advised ta proceed to Chota Nagpore, and open 
a Mission among the Kols. They reached Ranchi earlv 
in 1845 and began missionary operations, l;i boring with 
their own hands, and preaching to the people. They labored 
patiently five years without seeing any return. On the 9th of 
June, 1850, tho first fruits were gathered, four men from 
among the Kols receiving baptism. Other converts were 
gained and the work began to spread from place to place. In 
1848 a station had been formed at Lohardugga, in 1850 another 
was opened at Govindpore, and in 1853, a third at Hazaribagh. 
Year by vnar the churches increased in number until at the time 

22 



170 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTOR?. 

of the breaking out of the Mutiny, they numbered upwards of 
700 souls. Along with other Europeans the missionaries were 
driven from their homes by the rebels. The bungalows at 
Ranch! were set oa fire. " The mission-houses being tiled 
were stripped of their furniture and books: the church was gut- 
ted and the organ pulled to pieces; cannon-balls were fired in- 
to the tower, but disfigured without harming it. The converts 
were hunted from their houses and lost all their property of 
every kind : all their village chapels were unroofed and strip- 
ped ; and at last when nothing else remained, a price was set 
upon the converts' heads. A few were killed and their perse- 
cutors had seriously planned to exterminate the Christians from 
the province, when the English soldiers marched up from Ilazari- 
bagh, put an end to disorder, and captured the rebel delinquents. 
The missionaries speedily returned, work was resumed ; thj9 
congregations were regathered ; and 9, strange measure of pros- 
perity was henceforth granted." * 

By 1863 the church in Ghota Nagpore had increased to 
1,286 members. In this year a new station was formed at 
Purulia in Manbhoom. In 1864 missionary operations were 
commenced at Chaibasa in Singbhoom. The number baptized up 
to the end of the year 1868 was 11, 108. In December of this 
year six of the missionaries with about 4,.000 Christians with- 
drew from the Society, and on their own application were re- 
ceived by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. 

(Since the schism, the pioneer Society has re-occupied two 
old and taken up two new, stations. In 1869, a station wag 
formed at Burju in the Lohardugga district, which WHS called 
P.itrasburj (Petersburgh) ; a Russian gentleman having pre- 
sented to the Society at Berlin 3,000 silver roubles, with the 
request that a station might be founded in Chota Nagpore to be 
called Petersburgh in commemoration of the blessing which 
was received in St. Petersburgh by the preaching of Pastor 
Gossner. In 1870, Govindpore, which had been unoccupied 
since the Mutiny, was taken up : and in 1871 Lohardugga wag 
also re-occupied. In 1874 a new station was established at 
Takarma in the Lohardugga district, is called Mathauspur. 

* .Dr. Mullens' " Ten Years' Missionary Labour in India," pp.41, 43 



GOSSNEE'S MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

Much attention has been given to the subject of education 
in Chota Nagpore. Eighty village schools have been establish- 
ed and are attended by 1,300 pupils of both sexes. The mosti 
promising students are transferred from theso to the boarding- 
schools. From these (which contain on an average 200 pupils) 
the ablest students aVe sent to the normal school at JRahchi 
and trained to become schoolmasters, Bible readers or preach- 
ers. Those qualified for the ministry are transferred after a 
period to the theological department of the lianchi institution, 
where they pursue theological studies for three or four years. 
In the Chota Nagpore Mission only, there are now 28,283 
Native Christians (an increase of 14,000 since 1871) and 10,000 
communicants (an increase of 5,300 or more). 

In March, 1855, Ghazipore, in the North-West Provinces, 
was occupied for the Society by the Rev. W. Ziemann, who 
ha'd already paid several visits to the place in his preaching 
tours. Previously, in 1844, three missionaries of the Berlin 
Society had established a mission here, but after a few years, 
the mission was discontinued. The field has proved a goo d 
one, and a flourishing church has been established, numbering 1 
642", in 1880. 

The following statistics (for 1880) show the rapid progress 
made since 1871 by this Society : 

Foreign missionaries, ... 21 ... increase, 9 

Native ordained agents, ... 7 ... do. 6 

Native Christians, ... 29,285 ... do. 14,481 

Cointnunicantfy ... 11,091 ... do. 0,455' 



MISSIONARIES OE THE SOCIETY. 

BARTSCH, FERDINAND. B. June 9, 1850, at Konigsberg, Prussia." 
A. in 1875. A(l. Burju, Ranchi, Chota Naypore. 

BEYER, \Vii.iiKr;.u LfiuREdiiT ALBERT. 'B. Nov. 24, 18-iS, a( New-' 
stettin, Prussia. 0. Stettin' Doc. 31, 1873. Pastoral work ut Belkow 
until Oct. 1874. M. Nov. 19, 1874. A. Dec. 129, 1874. S. principal of 
the mission sclioolat' Gka/Jpore, until 1878, since, (Ad). Goi-indpore, 
lia-,ic]:i, Chota Nagporc. 

BKANSFELD, CHE. A. in Oct. 1880. A'd. lianchi, Chota. Kacpcre. 

BRUSKE, JULIUS. B. Auschc, Germany, Sept. 5, IfeoS. A. Dec. 20, 
1S7D. Not 0. Ad. Aanchi, 'Chota Nayporc. 



Ij2 IlfDLLN 

CRISTOCHIT. 0. in 1880. Native pastor. Ad. Itanchi, Chota Nayp"f. 

DIDLATJKIES, DAVID. B. June 6, 1836, at Klein-Wannagupcheu, 
Prussia. A. in 1863. O. in 1872. H. March, 1877, to Oct. 1878. S. 
Gha/.ipore, 1878-80, since, at (Ad). Punilia, Chola Naypore. 

DODT, FREDERICK CHARLES. B. Halle, Westphalia, March 28, 
1830. 0. A. March 6, 1854. M. in 1859. S. Mu/afferpore, 1855-60, 
Darbangah, 1863, afterwards, Muzaffierpore. H. March, 1876 to Dec. 
1877. W. Supt. cf Mission Press. Ad. Muzajfcrpore, Chota Nagporc. 

^GEMSKY, OI-TO. B. Nov. 29, 1852. at Rahmed, Prussia. A. in 
1875. S. Ranchi, 1875-80, since at (Ad.). GovinJpore, Ranchi, Chain 
Naypore. 

HAIIN, CARL HEIXRICH PrriLir FERI>INA^D. B. Ketzin, Prussia, 
Feb. 15, 1846. 0. March 26, 1876. A. Sept. 1868. S. Ranchi, 1868-7G 
in connection with Theol. Sem. ; Chaibasa, 1876-77 ; Lohardugga, 1878, 
to present. L. a Small Hindi Reading Book ; Bibical History in Urau 
(in Press). Ad. Lohardityga, Chota Nagpore. 

HEMBROOM, AIXB. 0. in 1876, Native pastor at (Ad). Marcha^ 
-Ranchi, Chota Naypore. 

KAMPFHEXKEL, C.vnr,. B. Niemegk, Prussia, July 6, 18^5. A. 
April, 1865. M. in 1873. O. March 5,1874. S. Goviudporc, 1865- 
77, since, Takarma. Ad. Takarma, Ranchi, Chota Naypore. 

KIEFEL, AViLHELM. B. at Stricse, Germany, March 30, 1856. A. 
Oct. 19, 1880. Not O. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Naypore-. 

KROECHER, WILLIAM. B April 14, 1844, at Nadrense, Pomcrania. 
O. M. 1876. A. in Sept 1871. S. Govindpore, 1871-77, since April, 
1877 principal of Theol. Sem. at (Ad). Rancki, Chota Naypore. 

LAKRA, HAXCKII. E. in the llanchi boarding-school, and Theol. 
Sem. 1869-73. O. in 1875. Ad. Tapkara, Loliarduyga, Chota Naypore. 

LAKSHMAN, Ax AND MASIH. E. in the Ranchi boarding-school, and 
Theol. Sem. 1869-73. 0. in 1875. Ad. Burjit, Ranchi, Chota Naypore. 

; LOKBEER, AUGUST AViLi.iAX HEXRY. B. AVippra, Saxony, Dec. 14, 
1840. 0. A. 1865 M. in 1867. S. Gha/.iporc, 1865-71, Ranchi, 1871. 
Lohardugga, 1872-76, Muzafferpore, 1876-78. H. to Germany Oct. 
3878-80. Ad. Ghazipore, N.-W. P. 

NE.MO, PACLUS. Formerly a zaminclar. 0. in 1869, and appointed 
to his adjacent villages. Ad. Jar no, Manbhoom, Chota Naypore. 

NOTTROXT, CARL ALFRED. B. Oppershaushen, Prussia, Aug. 19, 1839. 
E. at Halle, AVuttemberg, 1860-64. O, 1867. A. 1867. M. L. (1.) 
Dictionary of the Kolh Language (not vet finished). (2.) Hymn-book iu 
Kolh. (3.) Bible History (Old Testament) in Kolh. (4.) Translation of 
St. Mark s Gospel into Kolh. (5.) Catechism and several small works 
in Kolh. Ad. Burju, Ranchi, Chota Naypore. 

NOWACK, AYiLHELM. B. Oct. 15, 1842, at Preussisch Eylau, Prussia, 
A. 1873. S. Ranchi, 1873-74, Ghazipore,1874-75. Ranchi, 1*875-77, since 
Jan. 1878, at (Ad.) Chopra, Bengal. 

OXASCH, JOIIAXX HERMAN CARL. B. Sept. 3, 1836, at Schocnwalde, 
Pomerania. A. in 1861. 0. in 1866. M. in 1866. S. Purulia, 187 1-74. 
H. March, 1871 to Oct. 1875. Since (Ad.) Ranchi, Chota Naypore. 



GOSSNER'S MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



'73 



REINERT, EDWARD. B-. Oct. 30, 1839, at Elbing, Prussia. A. in 
1872. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Naypore. 

SOMMEII, FRITZ. A in 1877. Ad Ranchi, Chota Nay pore. 

Tear., ANDRIAS. B. in 1840. 0. in July, 1875. Pastor of the 
congregation in (Ad.) Bandgaun, Singbhoom, Chota Nagpore. 

TUGH, NATHANAE!,. B. in 1836. 0. in July, 1872. Pastor of tlio 
congregation in (Ad.) Pinny, Singbhoom, Chota Naapore. 

UFMIANV, PETER HENRJ. B. Feb. 15, 1331, at Theenhausen, West- 
phalia. A. in 1865, '0. in 1874. M. H. to Europe in May, 1880. 

Voss, WiTHfTLM LUTHERI. B. at Uetersen, Holstein, June 14, 1842. 
A. Sept. 1868. 0. 1877. M. S. Ranchi, and Chaibasa- Ad. Ckaibasa, 
Singbhoom, Chota Nagpore. 

WERTH, OSCAR. A. in 1877. S. Karachi, 1877-80; since Nov. 
1880, at (Ad.) Ta&awna, Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

ZIEJTAJTN:, GEO-KQE \VK,LIAM. B. Nov. 22, 180C, at Gross-Wudike 
Saxony. 0. and A. in 1842. Labored at Chapra, Muzafferpore and 
liuxar from 1842-55. Began the mission station at Ghazipore in March 
l"855,and has since labored there. In Feb. 1875. IL to Germany, visitin^ 
Palestine on the way. Rt. at the close of 1875. Ad. Ghazipore, N.-IV. P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



NAMES. 


STATION. 


DEATH OK RETIRAL. 




Karnptee, 
Do. 

Xagporc, 

Ghazipore, 
Chaibasa, 

Patrasburj, 
Ranchi, 
Ghazipore, 
Chapra, 
Ranchi, 
Chota Nagpore 
Ranchi, 


D. 1840. 
D. 1841. 
D. 1842, 
D. 1842. 
D. 1845. 
D. Aiig. 16, 1845. 
Ret,. 
D. May 27, 1848. 
D. 1862. 
D. 1863. 
D. 1864. 
D. 1866. 
D. Aug. 20, I860. 
D. 1868. 
Ret. 1870. 
Do. 1873. 
D. July 30, 1874. 
D. at Benares 1878. 
D in Germany 1877. 
D. June, 1878. 
Ret, 1877. 


Kluge, 

Stulpnagel, 
Maass, . . 
Schorisch, . . . . 


Voss, 
Aplcr, 


Ribbcntropp, 
A. Sternberg, . . . . 
- - Of 


Paul Strive, 
V. Gerpen, 
T. Jellinghaus,. . 
C. Haeherlin, . . . . 
"VV. Sternberg, . . . . 
C. Baumann, 
F. Hpp, 
E. W. Huss, 
C. F. Sternberg, 



CHAPTER XV. 
LEIPZIG EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SOCIETY. 

THIS Society was established at Dresden on the 16th of 
August, 1819 and worked during the first years in connec- 
tion with the Missionary Society at Basel. A preparatory 
School for Missionary candidates was opened in 1832, and in 
1836 the Society began missionary operations by itself. In 
1848, the central seat was removed from Dresden to Leipzig' 
ia order that the Mission students might have the bene- 
fit of a University education, and the Society received, at the 
same time, its present organization and its title was changed 1 
from " Dresden" to " Leipzig'' Society. 

In 1840, the Society sent the Rev. H. Cordes as its first 
missionary to India. He landed at Madras December 27, 1840, 
and arrived at Tranquebar March 20, 1841 where he began his 
labours in connection with the Danish Mission. The Rev. C. 
Ochs arrived in December, 1842, and the Rev. J. M. N. 
Schwartz in December, 1843. In consequence of the return of 
the Danish missionary the Rev. H. Knudson to Denmark in 
1843 and of the cession of the Danish Indian Colonies to the 
British in 1845, the charge of the Trauquebar Mission devolved 
entirely upon the missionaries of the Leipzig Society, and in 
June, 1847 the Danish Mission Board on an order of His Ma- 
jesty, King Christian VIII, entrusted the management of its 
affairs in India to the Leipzig (Dresden) Society and transferr- 
ed to it in October, 1849 its landed property in India together 
with about 1,200 Christians, 5 Catechists and 16 teachers. More 
labourers were in the course of time sent out from Leipzig and 
the work which was carried on vigorously enjoyed the bless- 
ing of the Lord. In 1845 the Society occupied* Maya- 
vernm : in 1847-1849 two small stations near Tranquebar : in 
1848", Madras: in 1849, Puducottah which was transferred to it 
by the American Madura Mission. Trichinopoly was taken up 
in 1850: Tanjore, in 1851 : Manikramam in ,1852. Combaco- 
uarn, Coimbatorc. Cudda.lo.ro aud Sadras were occupied in 1856: 



LEIPZIG LUTHERAN SOCIETY. 175 

Negapatam in 1802: Mottu patty in 1864: Yercaud in 1865: 
.Chidambaram in 1866: Sheally in 1868: Aneikadu in 1869: 
Bangalore, iu 1873; Madura and Villupuram in 1874: llan- 
goon in 1878. 

In tho year 1856 the third "jubilee year" of the Tran- 
quebar Mission was celebrated. By this time there were 4,166 
Christians living in 142 villages belonging to the mission. In 
I860, an ordination of native ministers, the first since 1817, 
took place at Tranquebar. Since 1841, when the Society 
began its work here to this time ^(the end of 1880) there 
have been carefully instructed in the fundamental truths of 
Christianity according to Luther's Smaller Catechism and re- 
ceived holy baptism about 12,000 heathen. There are now 20 
European and 8 Native ordained ministers labouring in 19 
stations: 11,081 Christians, living in 460 towns and villages: 
60 Catechists, 127 schools with 180 teachers and 2,438 scholars. 
In 1880 the congregations contributed Us. 3,220 for their church 
poor funds. 

[J. M. N. S.] 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

, PAKIAM. B. at Tanjore, Jan. 8, 1843. 0. Dec. 16, 18/7. 
Ad. Poreiar, Madras P. 

ASIRVADAM, MAXIKAM. B. at Tranquebar, Dec. 10, 1833. 0. Juno 
7, 1874. Ad. Ncgapatam, Madras P. 

BAIERLEIX, EDWARD RAIJIAXD. B. April 29, 1819, in Germany. 
E. at the Dresden Sem. 1843. 0. in 1847, and sent as a missionary to 
America : labored among the American Indians in Michigan. M. in 1848. 
A. iu Dec. 1853. S. Sadras, Cuddalore, Bangalore. W. Yer. L. two 
works in German (published at Leipzig) : " The Land of the Tamulians 
<uid its Missions" (Engl.) : Higginbotham and Co., Madras; 1875. II. 
1860-62, and 1871-72. Ad. Bangalore. 

BEISENHERZ, HEIXRICH DANIEL LODOVIG. B. Sachsenberg, Waldeck, 
Feb. 1, 1844. E. at Leipzig. 0. at Sachsenberg, 1870. A. Xov. 19, 
J870. S. Xagapatam, 1872-74, Yillupuram, 1874-78, Poreiar since Dec. 
1879. H. to Europe, 1878-79. Ad Poreiar, Tranquebar. 

BERGSTEDT, DIEDRICH. B. March 30, 1846, at Hilgermissen, Ha- 
nover. E. at Leipzig. 0. at Hanover in 1875. A. Aug. 20, 1875. 
Ad. Trichinopoli/, Madras P. 

BI/OMSTRAND, ANDERS. B. "SVexio, Sweden, Dec. 19, 1822. E. 
Lund Univ. (M. Ph. 1844). O. 1849. Lecturer in Lund Univ. 1846- 
55. A. Jan. 12, 1858. S. Tranquebar. Degree of D. D. in 1879. 



j 76 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

~\V. Educational. L. Editor of " Arunodayam" (Missionary Newspaper) 
1863-77. Translated into Tamil. (1) " Concordia," (2) " Scripture His- 
tory," (3) "Sacred History," (4) " Church History," (5) Spencer's 
44 Catechism," (G) Graul's " Doctrinal differences." (7) Lohe, "Prayer 
book," (8) Arndt, "Garden of Paradise," (9) Arudt, 'Tifue Christi- 
anity." Ad. Tranquebar. 

BBTTOOTIE, JOHAXX HEIXRICTI CHRISTOPH. B. in Hanover, Oct. 2, 
1834. E. at Hermannsburg 0. Mar. 19, i860. A. Sept. 2, 1866. 
Labored in the Hermannsburg Mission until Sept. 1878, when he joined 
the Leipzig Society. M. Ad. Villupuram* Madras P. 

CHRISTIAN, VARAPPEN. B. Sept. 5, 1832. 0. Feb. 19, 1865. 
Ad. Mutupatty, Madras P. 

DAVID, DAXIEL. B. June 30, 1845. 0. Oct. 8, 1876. Ad. Coiwi- 
latore, Madras l\ 

DKVASAYAG.VM, K. B. in 1810. 0. Oct. 31, 1878. Ad. Aneika- 
dit, Tan fore. 

GEIIRIXG, FR. C. ALWIX. B. in Thuringia Feb. 9, 185-3. E. at 
Leipzig 1872-7G. 0. 1877. A. Oct. 9, 1877. S. Combaconum and 
Yerkaud. Ad. Combaconum^ Madras P. 

HAXBMANN, H KIN RICH HICHARD. B. at Oschitz near Schlcitz Feb. 
27, 1840. E. Leipzig and Erlangen. O.May 25, 1862. A. Oct. 8, 18G2. 
H. Tranquebar, Manikramam, Trichinopoly, Poreiar, and since 1878, 
Madras. M. in 1867. H 1870-78. Ad. Pwrsewaukum, Madras. 

HERRE, WILHELM HKINRICH GUSTAV. B. in Wurttemberg, Sept. 
27, 1831. 0. Aug. 10, 185G. A. in connection with the Basel Society, 
Dec. 15, 1856. 8. Tellichcrry, 1856-60. II. 1860-Gl: Palgliaut, 1861- 
63, Yerkaud, 1803-66. In 1865, joined the Leipzig Society. Coimba- 
tore, 1866-73; II. 1873-75; Cuddalore since Jan. 1876. Ad. Cudda- 
lore, Madras I'. 

Houcscir, FKIEDUICH. A. Sept. 27, I860. Established the Mis- 
sion press which lie has since superintended : is also treasurer of the 
Mission. 11 1868-69, and 1878-79. Ad. Tranquelar. 

IHLKFEU), IvoxRAD Ai>oLPit ANTON. B. at Ituhn, Germany, Feb.. 
21, 1837. E. Erlangcn, Tubingen and Ilostock. O. Oct. 1802. Pas- 
toral work at home, 1862-72. A. Sept. 1C, 1873. S. Tanjore, 1874- 
7o, Madras, 1875-78, since, Poreiar. L. short Essay on the EngL 
]'cformation and the Anglo-Episcopal Church : Tranquebar B. Depot. 
Translated in Tamil, German Catechism ; Tranquebar : Editor of " Aru- 
nodovam." Ad. I'oreiar. Tranquebar. 

KABIS, JoifAXXEs KUDOLIMI CAKL FERDIN*ANJ>. B. at Rudolstadt, 
Germany Aug. 1, 1853. E at Leipzig. 0. April 22, 1877. A. Oct. 
9, 1877. M. in 1879. S. Mayaveraui. W. Supt. of Press. Ad. May- 
avcram, Madras P. 

KRKMMER, CARL FRiEDpacn. B. Sept. 8, 1817, in Hcsse-Cassel, 
E. at the Dresden Scm. A. March 5, and 0. at Tranquebar Oct. 18, 
1847. S. Madras from ie 48 to 1858: since at Poreiar. M. in 1853. 
H. Jan. 1861 to Jan. 18G3: Aug. 1875 to May, 1877. Ad. Madura, 
Madras /'. 



LEIPZIG LUTHEPiAN SOCIETY.' 177 

MAYR, AXDRIAS. B. May 20, 1838 in Bavaria E. at Erlangen 
and Leipzig. O. April 5, 1801. A. Oct. 4, 1861. S. Cuddalore, 1862, 
Madras, 1863, Coimbafcore, 1864-66, Xcgapatam, 1867-70, Mayaveram, 
1870-76, Trichinopoly, 1876-78, Rangoon since April, 1880. H. March 
to Xov. 1870. Ad. Rangoon* 

OCCHTEKLOXY, CARL ALEXANDER. .15. Oct. 12, 1826, at Stockholm. 
E. at Lund where he was 0. in 18-52. A. Dec. 9, 185-3. Left the 
Mission in Aug. 1854 : rejoined in May, 1855. M. Sept. 3, 1859. 
H. 1865-G7 and from Aug. 1879 to present. Ad, Sotanas, Sicctlen. 

PAESI.KR, Lri>\v:m TRAXGOTT. B in Silesia, Jan. 1, 1850. E. 
Leipzig, 1806-74. 0. May 2, 1875. A. Aug. 20, 1875. M. 1878. Ad. 
1'aducottah, Madras I 1 . 

POXAPPEX, SAXIV. Dsv. B. at Tramjuebar, March 23, 1843, E. at 
Tranquebar, O. June 6. 1874. M. Ad. Mayaveram, Madras P. 

SAMUEL, X. XJAXATRAGASAM. B near Tanjore, Sept 18, 1850. 0. Oct. 
31, 1878. L. Composed several poetical tracts. Has written in Tamil a, 
short sketch of the Life of Martin Luther; Tranquebar. Ad Tranquebar. 
SA^DEGREK, CARL JACOB. B. Xov. 1, 1851, at Xrcsinge, Sweden, 
E. and O. in Sweden. A. Nov. 17,1809. M. in 1872. S. Coimbatore. 
Now in Europe. 

SCHAFFER, HEIXRICTI ACGFST EB\VARI>. B. June 27, 1872, at Ef- 
fort, Prussia. E. and 0. (in 1864) at Leipzig. A. Oct 13, 1864. M. in 
1868. W. educational. II April, 1878 to Dee. 1879. Ad. Tranquebar. 
PAKTAM, MADUK, B. at Tranquebar March 11, 1835. E. at Tran- 
quebar where he was 0. Feb. 19, 1865. M. Ad. Shcally, Madras P. 

PAMPIORRIEX, KARL HKIXHICH PKRDINAXD LUDWIG. B. in Meck- 
lenberg, Aug. 11, 1845. E. at Berlin and Rastock. 0. Rudolstadl, 
April 22, 1877. A. Oct. 9, 1877. M. in 1879. S. Tranquebar, 1878- 
0, since at (Ad.) Tan/ore. 

PEKIAX.VVAOAM, T. P. B. at Madras, July 25, 1851. O. Oct. 31, 1878. 
S. Tranquebar, 1878, Madura, 1879, Madras, 1880. (Ad.) Madras. 

SCHWARTZ, JOIIAXN MICHAEL XICHOLAUS. B March 21, 1813, at 
Hagenbuchacli in Bavaria. E. at Dresden. 0. April 27, 1842 A. Dec. 
25, 1843. M L. several school-books; a prose translation of the first and 
second books of the Kural ; Explanation of Luther's ' Smaller Catech- 
ism"; reviser of the new!}- edited ''Golden Treasury" of Bogatsky, the 
church Liturgy ; editor of Public us' X. T ; Hymn-book. Has never taken 
furlough. Is Senior and Secretary of the Mission. Ad. Tranquebttr. 
WAXNSKE, JOHAXX HEJXRICII. B.May 11, 1835, in Lissa, Prussia, 
E. at Leipzig. O. in 1863. A. Dec. 19, 1863. M. in 1870. H. March. 
1 880 to present. Ad. Uelzen, Germany. 

"WotFF, AVGTTST FUIEDIUCH. B. Jan. 19, 1819, at Wittlohe in Han- 
over. E at the Dresden Sem. A. March 5, 1847. 0. at Tranquebar Oct. 
18, 1847. M. in 1848. H. from Jan. 1864 to Dec. 1865. L. a Tamil 
tract " Duty of searching the Scriptures" ; and " Letters on the 
Apocalypse" (Engl.) to be had oHlie author. Ad. Challambrutn, Madras P. 
ZIETZSCHMAXN T , J i UTS FuiEDRicii. B. in Saxony, March 13, 185'J. 
A. Ocl 1877. .M. In charge of Industrial school. ' Ad- Tranqutbar. 

23 



.MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 
- i - 

DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Johann Heinrich Carl Cordes. B. March 21, 1813, in Hanover. 
E. at the Dresden Sem. 0. at Greiz Feb. 26, 1840. A. Dec. 27, 1840, 
at Tranquebar March 20. 1841. H. March, 1848 to Sept, 1849 : Aug. 
1857 to Aug. 185S. Was Senior and Secretary of the Mission while in 
I. for some time had charge of the training Inst. Edited a small Engl. 
hymn-book for the Lutheran congregation at Tranquebar, and the Litur- 
gv for Tamil churches. Ret. in 1870 and joined the Home Committee 
iii 1872. Ad. Mission House, Leipzig, Germany. 

K. H. Schmeisser. B. July 19, 1819, at Furth, Bavaria. E. at 
the Dresden Sera. A. March 5, 1847- 0. at Tranquebar Oct. 18, 1847. 
D. at Madras, June 3, 1848. 

Ernst David Appelt. B. Dec. 30, 1810. E. at the Dresden Sem. 
A. Sept. 6, 1845. 0. at Tranquebar Oct. 18, 1847. H. in Jan. 1859. 
Left the Mission in Oct. 1860, and went to South Australia where he 
obtained a pastorate. 

Julius Glasell. B. in Sweden in 1821. 0. A. March 9. 1849. Left 
the Mission in July, 1850. R. home in 1851s is now chaplain in 
Sweden. 

Johann C. George Speer. B. in 1824 at Hohndorf, Silesia. E at 
the Dresden Sem 0. Aiig 23, 1852. A. Dec. 26,1852. R. home, sick, 
in May, 1853, and D. at Hohndorf. April 22, 1855. 

Ciustav Emanuel Lundgren. A. in Dec. 1853. Left the Mission in 
Aug. 1854 and R. home. Pastoral work in Sweden. 

Johann Friedrich p Meischel, B. Feb. 10, 1812, at Augsburg, Bav- 
aria. E. in the Basel Sem. Sent in 1846 to Africa. R. home and in 
1854 come to I, in connection with the Leipzig Society. Left the Mis- 
sion in Feb. I860 : is now in Australia 

Wilhelm Stahlin. B. July 1, 1831, at AVestheim, Bavaria. E. at 
Erlangen. 0. at Munich Nov. 5, 1854. A.Jan. 12, 1858. Labored at 
Tranquebar in charge of the Mission high school. H. in July, 18G6. 
Relinquished Mission service and remained at home as chaplain. 

Heiuriih "Wil'lielm "VVondlanf. A. Jan. 12, 1858. Left I. to join the 
Hermann oburg Mission in Africa in Sept. 1859 : D. at Eiiilaxi, Africa, 
1861. 

George Christian K.--iber. B. May 20. 1828, at .Krautostheim, Bav- 
aria. E. at Erlangen. O. at Anspach in 1857. A. Jan. 12. 1858 : la- 
bored at Madrn loft for Kuropo on sick leave in the " Cleve- 
land." which bailc 1 iruru M;.'ins in March, i860 and was never heard 
of afterwards. 

S<."en Ky.len. B. Dec. 24, 1825, atHestra, Sweden. E at Lund, 
where ho was 0. in 1855. A. .T;m. 12, 1858. H. from June, 1862 to 
Oct. 1864, and again in Fob. i860. On his way home D. in Lon. June 
1, 1866. 

Max Ludwig Julius Doderk-in. B. Aug. 22, 1829, at Erlangen in 
Bavaria. K. at Erlangen and Halle. 0. at Anspach in July, 1853. A. 
Sept. 27, 1500. H. in Feb. 1870. Was not able to return on account 
.f poor health : obtained a chaplaincy at honis. 



LIEPZIG LUTHERAN SOCIETY. 179 

N. Nallathambi. B. ( of Christian parents) in 1801. Baptized at 
Tanjore: licensed May 31, 1849: 0. June 27, 1860. Ret. in June, 
1869. Ad. Tanjore, Madras P. 

Aaron Maduravasagam Samuel. B. at Madras Feb. 10, 1827, 0. 
June 27, I860. Translated from the German Gerhard's " Holy Medita- 
tions" (Tamil.) D. at Poreiar, in May, 1880. 

Hugo Schanz. B. Nov. 8, 1834, in Voigtland, Saxony. E. at 
Leipzig where he was 0. May 22, 1862. A. Oct. 8, 1862. Edited two 
collections of sermons (in Tamil) ; Spiritual Lyrics, etc. Left I. on 
furlough Feb. 16, 1872, and remained at home as chaplain. 

Friedrich Ahner. B. Aug. 8, 1841, at Roda, Saxony. E. at Leipzig. 
0. in 1863 : A. Dec. 12, 1863. D. at Madras May 25, 1864. 

Wilhelm German. E. at Erlangen and Leipzig. A. Dec. 18, 1865. 
He wrote the Lives of the first missionaries, Ziegenbalg, Grundler, Fab- 
ricius, and Schwartz (in German) : edited Ziegenbalg's " Genealogy of 
the Malabar Gods" (German) : Fabricius' " Sermons on the Sunday 
Epistles"; and Schultz's Translation of the Apocryphal Books, in Tamil. 
Ilet. Sept. 13, 1867 : is now chaplain in Germany. 

Sand Swamidasen. B. at Tranquebar in July, 1817. E. at Tran- 
quebar where he was 0. Feb. 19, 18G5. D. at Madura, Oct. 25, 1877. 

M. R. Nivnendiram. B. at Tanjore in 1816. E. at Tranquebar, 
where he was 0. Feb. 19, 1865. Labored at Tanjore, where he D. 
Dec. 27, 1870. 

Ludwig Otto Kahl. B.April 17, 1843, at Kleinhenbaeh. Bararia. 
E at Erlangen. 0. at Bavaria in 1867. A Nov. 29, 1867. D. at 
Trickinopoly, July 28, 1874. 

Johann Friedrich Zucker. B. Sept. 2, 1842, at Brcitenau, Bavaria, 
E. at Erlangen. 0. in 1879. A. Nov. 19, 1870. Ret, in March, 1876, 
to Missouri, TJ. S. A. 

Heinrich Alfred Grubert. B. Oct. 29, 1848, at Arensburg, Russia. 
E. at Leipzig. 0. at Erlangen in May, 1871. A. July 8, 1871. M. in 
1873. Ret. in March, 1876. D. in Germany in 1877. 

Tarl Manthey-zorn. B. March 18, 1836, in North Germany. E. 
at Kiel, Erlangen and Leipzig : 0. at Erlangen in May, 1871 : A. 
Aug. 7, 1871. S. Tranquebar and Paducottah. Ret. in March, 1876, 
to Missouri, U. S. A, 

Otto Heinrich Theodor AVillkomm. B. Nov. 30, 1847 at Et>ers- 
bach. Saxony. E. at Leipzig where he was 0. March 25, 1873. A. 
Sept. 17, 1873. Ret. in March, 1876, to Missouri, U. S. A. 

Karl Ernst Grahl, B. Jan. 1, 1838, at Mugelfl in Saxony. E 
at Leipzig. 0. in 1870. A. Nov. 19, 1870. S. Poreiar : established 
Industrial school. D. at Tranquebar, July 15, 1879. 



CHAPTER XVI. 
THE IRISH PRESBYTERIAN MISSION. 

As has already been seen, the London Missionary Society 
occupied Surat (Gujerat) in 1815, by sending out the Rev. 
Messrs. Fyvie and Skinner. (It may be remarked that the first- 
to enter this field was the Rev. C. C. Aratoon, an Armenian, a 
convert of the B.iptist Mission in Bengal. He came to Surat in 
1812 and continued to labor here until 1821, when he returned 
to Bengal). The London missionaries early devoted themselves 
to the work of translating the Scriptures.* A press established 
by Mr. Skinner still exists, and is know as the "Surat Mission 
Press." For sixty years it has sent forth in continual issue, hun- 
dreds and thousands of tracts and Scriptures. The missionaries 
]"ust named were the founders of the Mission in Gujerat. They 
were the first to translate and publish the whole Bible and were 
the aathors of a goodly number of useful tracts, some of which 
are still in circulation. One of their number wrote a volume of 
Kcrmons, prepared a book of prayers, and translated fro-n 
Hindustani a small volume of hymns. They were joined from 
time to time by other laborers, among them the Rev. J. V. 
Taylor, who arrived in 1816, and who subsequently connected 
himself with the Irish missionaries. Besides occupying Surab 
the London missionaries labored with varied success at Baroda, 
Central Gujerat, Jambusir, Divan, Borsad, and in the Main 
Ktinta Mission. 

In the year 1840, the Presbyterian Church in Ireland 
formed a Board of Foreign Missions. The peninsula of Ka- 
thiawad (which had not yet been occupied) was chosen as a 
special field of labor in India. In 1814, the Rev. James Glas- 
gow and the Rev. Andrew Kerr (both of the Theological Insti- 
tution at Belfast) arrived in the country, and proceeded to Rajkot. 
Within six months of their arrival, Mr. Kerr was removed by 

* There h.ive been several translations of the Scriptures into Gujcrati : 

1. By Dr. Carey. Serampore : New Testament 1820. 

2. By Rev. Messrs. Fyvie ami Rev. J. Skinner : Entire BiMe. 1820 29. 
:>. By Rev. Mr.ws. Clarkon and Flower : Gospels aud Acts, 1815-11, 
4. By the lash Missionaries . Entire Li'jle. J8575S, 



IR ISH PRESS YTKlt I A N SOCIKT Y. I 3 I 

death, and Mr. Glasgow was loft alone. In March, 18-12, ho was 
joined by his brother Adam and the Rev. R. Montgomery, and 
in December of the same year by the Rev. Messrs. McKee and 
Speers. The two brothers remained at Rajkot, Mr. Montgomery 
proceeded to Poi bandar on the western coast of Kathiawad, 
and Mr. McKee to Gogo, on the eastern coast. 

At Poi bandar, alearned and influential Mohamedan after visit- 
in " the missionaries and enquiring the way, was convinced of 
the truth of the Christian religion, and in October, 1813, was 
baptized, as were his father, brother and other mertbers of tho 
family. The excitement was so great among the people, that the 
native government refused to allow the missionaries to remain 
any longer in tho place: and they were obliged most reluctantly 
to withdraw from it. 

About 1846, arrangements were entered into for the trans- 
fer of Surat from the London Society to that of the Irish Pres- 
byterians. Mr. Montgomery was appointed to this place, and 
occupied it (furloughs excepted) till his retirement in 1877. 
The work in Surat had not been fruitful in converts. Much labor 
had been bestowed upon the city by earnest men, but, at the 
time of its transfer, no congregation of converts had as yet been 
formed. 

The Mahi Kanta mission, which had been established about 
1814 by the Rev. Messrs. Clarkson and Flower, and which was 
proving a most important field, was transferred in 1859 by the 
London Society to the Presbyterians; the former Society having 
decided to withdraw from Gujerat altogether. This mission, 
which was first called the ' ' Baroda mission," and afterwards 
(the Guikwar having refused to allow the missionaries to prose- 
cute their labors in his territories) the " Mahi Kanta," is now 
generally known as the " Borsad mission/' 

Meanwhile, the Propagation Society having withdrawn from 
Ahmedabad, this station was taken up in 1861 by the Presbyte- 
rian Mission. The resources of Borsad as to land being exhausted, 
(the converts being as a rule agriculturists) a. new settlement 
was founded at Shah wadi, about four miles from Ahmedabad. At 
first 61 persons removed here, and others rapidly followed, so 
that Borsad was almost deserted : it was soon replenished, how- 
ever, by converts drawn from tho Dheds. In a few years the 



l 8 2 INDIA N MISSION A R Y DIRECTOR Y. 

Dheds io the Borsad and adjoining districts, began to show a 
disposition to embrace Christianity. It was not possible nor in- 
deed desirable any longer to bring the converts together to form 
a distinct settlement: they were becoming numerous enough to 
hold their own in their homes and villages. The work in theso 
districts has been steadily carried forward. 

About 18(39, a Christian village was formed near Gogo 
named after one of the missionaries, Wallacepur. It is in a flour- 
ishing condition. 

The zenana Mission, dating from 1874, occupies Surat and 
Borsad and has two department*}, medical and educational. At 
Surat a school for girls, chiefly Parsis and Hindus, with an atten- 
dance of 50, is conducted on the Kinder Garten system. In the 
medical work the number of patients ranges from 50 to 130 a 
day, at, the dispensary, besides many private cases: work is daily 
begun by the reading and exposition of Scripture and prayer. 
A card with a text of Scripture printed on one side and the 
medical prescription written on the otheris given to each patient. 

In the last five years this Mission has made considerable 
advancement, iu the number of converts, formation of con- 
gregations and church erection. Churches have been built at 
Nariad, Anand, Bhalaj, Brookhill (near Borsad) and Arnode. 
Christian colonies have been formed at Bhalaj and at Brookhill. 
The following statistics of the Society (for 1830), show the 
increase since 1871 : 

Foreign missionaries, ... 9 : increase, 1 

Native Christians, ... 912 : do. 380 

Communicants, ... 198 : do. 49 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

BEATTT, WILLIAM. E. at the Queen's Univ. Ireland (B. A.) A. 
in 18G5, and was appointed to Gogo. Had special charge of Wallacepur 
the Christian settlement near Gogo, 1877-78. H. 1877: R. 1878. 
Ad. Ahmedabad, Gi/jcraf, Bombay P. 

BROWN, WILLIAM: WALLACE. '.Hat the Queen's Univ , Belfast. 
(M". A.) A. in Nov. 187-1. S. Surat, 1874-7G, since Boisa<l. Ad. 
Borsad, Gitjerat, Bombay P. 

GILLESPIE, ROBERT. E. at the Queen's Univ., Ireland (B A.) 
A. in 1868. S. Rnjkot and Ahmednbad. Had charge of the Ciiristian 
settlement at Skukwadi. H. 1879. Now in Ireland. 



IEISH PRESBYTERIAN SOCIETY. 183 

JERVIS, A. S. Principal, Mission High School. Ad. Surat, Gujerat, 
Bombay l\ 

MACAFEE, F. L. Principal, Mission High School. Ad. Ahmeda- 
bad, Gujerat, Bombay P. 

HEA, G. T. B. Antrim Co., Ireland, 1837. E. at the Queen's 
Univ. Ireland. (M. A.) 0. 1866. A. in 1866, S. Borsad. R, home 
in ill health in July, 1872. Rt 1876. S. Gogo, then, Surat. L. Several 
original stories in Engh, " Ramdas," " Kassibai," " Lee. Fang," etc : 
to be had of the author : Editor of " Satyodya" (Gujerati). Supt. Mis- 
sion Press. Ad. Surat, Gujerat, Bombay P. 

SHILLIDT, J. E, at the Queen's Univ. Ireland (M. A.) A. in 
Nov. 1S74. S. Ahmedabad, Gogo, and Anand Ad. Anand, Gujerat, 
Bombay P. 

TAYLOR, JOSEPH VAX-SOMEREN. Son of Rev. Joseph Taylor of the 
L. M. S. Belgaum. E. at Glasgow Univ. (B. A ). 0. in June, 1845, 
for the Tamil country, and was appointed to Madras, but was transfer- 
red to Gujerat to take the place of the Rev. Mr. Flower. Arrived at 
Baroda in November, 1846. In 1850 removed to Borsad. Early 
in 1856 was obliged to take furlough for a few years. On tha 
transfer of the stations to the Irish Mission, he requested to be allowed 
to resign his connection with the L. M. S. and join the Irish Mission. 
This arrangement was made and he returned to his former field of labor 
early in I860, where he has since remained. Is the author of a Larger 
and a Shorter Gujerati Grammar, of several tracts, original and translat- 
ed, and of " Kavyarpana" (a collection of metrical compositions), and 
an enlarged version of Barth's Church History. H. 1880. Ad. Edin- 
burgh. 

TATLOR, GEORGE PRITCHARP. B. Cambay. Bombay P., Jan. 1854. 
0. at Belfast, Ireland, Sept. 1877. A. Nov. *1877. S. Surat, 1878-80, 
since April, 1880, Gogo. Ad. Gogo, Gujerat, Bombay P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Andrew Kerr. E. at the Theol. List. Belfast. A. in company 
with Mr. Glasgow in 1841, and proceeded to Rajko^. D. the same 
year. 

James Glasgow, D. D. E. at the Theol. Inst. Belfast. A. in 1841, 
one of the first missionaries of the Society. For some time previous ho 
had held a pastoral charge at home. Began laboring at Rajkot, where 
he remained some time. For some years before he retired lie labored 
at Surat. Ho engaged largely in the work of translating the Scrip- 
tures : he wrote also some educational works, a short system of .scrip- 
ture theology, and a metrical version of the Psalms. He retired in 
1866, and is residing in Portadown, near Belfast. 

Adam Glasgow. E. at the Theol. Inst. Belfast. A. in March, 
1842. S. Rajkot. After a few years of labor he resigned and R. homo, 
lie afterwards proceeded to Xew Zealand, where lie I). 



184- INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Robert Montgomery. E. at theTheol. lust Belfast. A. in March, 
184i). S. Porbandar, 1842-15: in 18-10. Surat: which he long occupied. 
He assisted in revising and re-translating the .Bible : translated two vol- 
umes of Earth's " Bible Stories:" prepared a large English and Gujerati 
Dictionary. 'Was pastor of the Native church at Surat and also Supt. 
uf the pi-ess. H. 1S77. D. 1880. 

James Speers. E. at the Theol. Inst. Belfast. A. in Deo. 1842. 
Labored for a short tiuic at Surat. R. home, and Ret. from the Mission. 

James McKee. E. at the Theol. Inst. Belfast. A. in Dec. 1842. 
S. Gogo : afterwards Surat, and Rajkot. The author of several tracts 
and of a compendium of the Bible, llet. in 1865 with broken health. 
D. in 1878. 

James Wallace. E. at the Theol. Inst. Belfast. He had served 
as a pastor for a short time at home. A. in 1845. 8. Gogo : afterwards 
Surat. Besides engaging in re-translating the Scriptures, he was the 
author of an educational book and of several Gujerati tracts. Through 
his efforts mainly a training school for teachers and catcchists was open- 
ed at Ahmedabad. H. 1870, but, shortly after his arrival at Belfast, D. 
from heart disease. 

Dunlap Moore. A in 1855, S. R.ajkot. and Ahmedabad : at the 
Latter place he opened the Engl. school. Translated several tracts into 
Gujerati. He left I. in 18GG. and after spending some time at home 
joined the Jewish Mission and was appointed to Vienna. Afterwards 
R. home. A'oii" in America, 

William Dixon. M. A. of the Queen's Cniv. Belfast. A. in 
18G4. Was Supt of the Engl. school at Surat. After several years 
of faithful labor, l>e D. in 1871. 

T. L. Wells. E. at the Queen's Tniv. Ireland. (B. A.) A. in 
1864. S. Tlajkot: iu 1869 Ahmedabad: in 1872. Surat, The author 
of several educational books. H. 1874, II. 1876. D. at Surat, 1877. 

William McMordie. E. at Queen's Uisiv. Ireland. (M. A) A in 
1867. S. Ahmedabad. The author of "Studies in English." II. in 
1874. R. in 1877. Resigned in 1870, 

John Hewitt. E. at the Queen's Univ. Ireland, (M. A -and LL. 
B.) A. in Xov. 1874. S. Bjrsad. D. in 1876. 



CHAPTER XVII. 

THE AMERICAN EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN MISSIONS. 
I. GENERAL SYNOD. 

THE Foreign Missionary Society of tho American Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church was organized Way 30tb, 1837. Ou-e of 
its first efforts was to support tho liev. Mr. Rhenius ia Tinnevel- 
ly : upon his death the Society resolved to establish a Mis- 
sion of its own iu India, aud iu May, 1840, appointed the Rev. 

C. F. Heyer to carry out the object. Mr. Hey or arrived at 
Guntur, July 31, 1843. Subsequently a Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions of tho General Synod of tho American Evangelical Luth- 
eran Church was formed to take the place of the Missionary 
Society. All the Foreign Mission business is now transacted 
by this Board. 

.Air. Heyer was joined in 1814 by tho Rev. W. Gunn. In 
18 19 a i) ission was commenced in the P.ilnad District. In 
1851, on account of financial difficulties Rajah-nuudry ^occupied 
by the North German Missionary Society in 13I5-) was trans- 
ferred to the Lutheran Society, and until J8o'9 was under the 
control of the General Synod. 

la 1858 three addition il missionaries arrived, and in 1859 
anew station .was formed at Samulcotta. In 1874, the Rev. A. 

D. Rowe, the *' Children's Missionary to India" arrived. Hi* 
support is derived exclusively from the Sunday-schools of tho 
Church. In 1877 two Native pastors were ordained. Very 
encouraging progress Las been made. Since 1871 the number 
of Native Christians has increased from 2,470 to 5,423 : com- 
municants, from 731, to 2,193. The following are the statis- 
tics for 1880 : - 

Stations occupied, 4 : Foreign missionaries, 4 : Nah'vo 
ordained agents, 2 : villages where Christians reside, 222 : Na- 
tive Christians, 5,423 : communicants, 2,193: baptized m 
1880, adults, 679, children, 518, total 1,197 : scholars iu day- 
schools, 1,12J; iu Suaday-schooh, 1,822. 

24 



I 86 JXDTAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

JOTIX, R. 0. Jaii. 7, 1877. Has charge of the eastern part of tha 
Palnacl District. Ad. Dachepalli, Madras P. 

NATHANIEL, M. O.Jan. 7, 1877. Has charge of the western part 
of the Palnad District. Ad. Macherla, Madras /'. 

HOWE, A. D. O. at York, Pa., U. S. A., Aug. 10, 1874. A. Dec. 
11, 1874. H. 1880. JVbie in America. 

SCHNARRE, CHARLES. A. 1881. Ad Gnnlnr, Madras P. 

UHL, L. L. O. at AYooster, O., U. S. A. Oct. 14. 1872. A. 
March 26, 1873. Has since had charge of the Mission High school. 
Ad. Guntur, Madras P. 

UKAXGST, E. E. at Gelt yslmnr. Pa., U S. A. A. March 15. 1858. 
At various times has had charge of the entire Mission. H-May, JST^. 
to April, 1872. Ad. Gnntxrl Madras P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

C. E. Heyer. D. D. B. about 1701. A. in 1842. IT. to America. 
1840-17. Ret. in 1856. Accompanied Mr. Schmidt to I. in 18(19. If. 
in 1870. D. in America, in 187^. 

AY alter Gunn. A.June 18, 1844. Labored at Guntur until his 
death. July 5, 1851. 

G. Mart*. A. in 1850. Rot. in lSr>l. 

(\ AY. Gronning. CVmic to I. in connection with the North Ger- 
man Missionary Society. Joined the Lutheran Mission in 1851. 11. to 
Europe in 1858. Rt. Feb. 25. 1861. Ret. to Europe in 1865. 

AY. E. Snyder. A. in 1858. II. to America from 18:>6 to March, 
1838. D of cholera, March f>, ISr.D. 

AY. J. Cutter. A. in 1852. Ret, in lSr>5. 

A. Long. F. at Gettysburg. Pa., V. S. A. A. March 15. 1858. S. 
Bamulcotta, and Rajahmundry. D. rit I'-ijahmundry, March 5, 1866. 

J. U. Harpster. A. April : 1872. R. to ' America, March 22, 
1876. 



AM&RIOAN LUTHERAN MISSIONS i 87 

II. GENERAL COUNCIL. 

_ IN 1809, Dr. Heyer, the first missionary at Guntur and 
the Rev. H. C. Schmidt went to America from Europe, for 
the purpose of attending a meeting of the Pennsylvania Synod. 
Tiiis Synod, on hearing that the Rajahmundry Mission was 
about to bo transferred, at once appointed Mr. Schmidt as their 
missionary to Rajah inundry. Accompanied by Dr. Heyer lie ar- 
rived at his station August 4th, 1870. Itinerating and other 
work was at once begun. 

There has been encouraging progress. Since 1870,536 
have been baptized. There are now 4 Foreign missionaries, 
t ; wo Native ordained agents, and 216 communicants. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

ARTMA\, HORACE G.'B. B. Zionsville Pa-. U.' S. A. Sept. 23, 
1857. E, Philadelphia (A. B.) 0. May 26, 1880. M.'June 8,1860. 
A, Oct. 18, 1880. Ad. Ituja/itmtndry. Madras P. 

CARLSON*, AUGUSTUS B. B. in Sweden Aug.' 16, 1846. O. 
June 10, 1878, at Princeton, 111., U. S. A. A. Jan. H, 1879. Ad. 
Rajahmundry, Madras P. 

JOSEPH, TOTA. B. at Guntur, 1839. 0. Dec. 25, 1878. L. assisted 
Mr. Gronning in translating into Telugu, the " Heart Bouk" Ad. Jaj- 
iimpad, Goddvery, Madras P. 

PxrLrs, XALAP.ROALIT. B in the Kristna District, 1842 0. llajah- 
mundry Dec. 25, 1878. "W. Xative Pastor. Ad. Vulepore, Goduvert/, 
Madras P. 

POULSEX, TVER CHRISTIAN. B in "Denmark, in 1S47. O. and A. 
1871. S. Rajahmundry. H March. 1880. Ad. CopAnfyagen., Denmark. 

SCHMIDT, HAXS CHRISTIAN. B. in Fleusburg, Denmark, May 25 
1840. 0.1869. A. 1870. Has labored since at Ilajahmuudry. Ad. 
rif, Madras P. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 
THE WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODIST MISSION. 

Tne Missionary Society of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist 
Church was organized in May, 1840. In November, 1840, it 
sent the Rev. Thouaas Jones as its fir&t missionary to India, 
who began work at Cherrapoonjee in Assam. Sylhet was 
occupied in 1850 and the missionary stationed here labored 
nmong the Bengalis until 1872 when the mission was discon- 
tiaued, the Society resolving to confine its labors to the aborig- 
nes among the Hills: at present its only fields of labor are the 
Khasai and Jaintia Hills. 

The Society carries on its work of civilizing nnd evangeliz- 
ing these tribes by means of education and preaching. The- 
Mission now has 78 day aad aiglit schools, attended by 1,843 
pupils, of whom 388 are girls. Government gives an annual 
grant of 500 for these schools, all of which are under the care 
of and controlled by the missionaries. Government appoints a 
deputy inspector to visit them, and one of the missionaries is 
appointed Secretary to the schools, who is the medium of com- 
munication between the Government and the Mission. There 
is also a normal school for training teachers of which one of the 
missionaries is appointed head-master by Government which 
a's)pays his salary. 

The converts are quite independent of the Mission, nofc 
one of them receiving any support in any shape : a good 
number of them fill government offices in different parts of the 
Hills. They contributed in 1880 Rs. 1 ; 244 for evangelistic 
purposes, besides contributing towards building chapels, etc. 

There were (in December 1880), 64 churches, 7 foreign 
missionaries, 2,458 pupils in the Day-schools, 2,698 scholars 
in Sunday-school; and 1,659 Native Christians of whom 920 
were communicants. The returns for 1871 were imperfect: 
hence no comparison can bo drawn ; steady progress, however, 
has been m;idu, 

;T. J. j.] 



WELSH CALVINISTIO MISSION. \ 89 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

.K VAN'S. ROBERT. Ad ffkanffpoonff, via Jawai, Assam. 

GRIFFITHS, GIUFFITH. (M. U. and C. M. Glasgow Univ.) 15 Caernar- 
vonshire, North Wales. Dec. ] 9, 1802. 0. 1878. A. 1878. W. Medi- 
cal missionary. Ad. Mawphlany, Assam. 

HUGHE*, GRIFFITH. B. Llanddeiniolen, North "\Vales, March 4 
3840. 0. Liverpool, Oct. 4, 1865. A. Feb. 22 r 1866. S. Cherrapoonjee', 
Khasi, Jaintia Hills. Shillong, Jawai, Khadsawprah. L. Revised " The 
Christian Instructor," and translated the Bible in Khasi language (in 
connection with the other missionaries). H. one year, 1875-70. Ad. 
Khadtawprak, Assam, 

JONES, JOHN. B. Holywell, North "\Vales. March 8, 1847. O. 
Beaumaris, Nov. 3, 1875. A. Feb. 29, 1866. S. Shellapoonjee, 1876- 
80, since. Jawaipoonjee. Ad, Jawaipoonjee, Jaintia Hills, Assam. 

JONES, THOMAS JKRMAX. B. Aug. 10, 1832, at Leangriatidlus, Ang- 
lesea, Eng. Called to the ministry in I860. 0. in 1865. M. 1868. 
Labored in the North of Eng among colliers and iron-workers before 
coming to I. A. in Feb. 1870. Has labored since at Jawaipoonjee in 
charge of the mission district of Jaintia Hills. "W. chiefly ver. Ad. 
Rhillong, Assam. 

ROBERTS, JOHN. 0. in 1870. A. the same year. S. Shellapoonjge 
until 1876, since Cherrapoonjee. Ad. Cherrapoonjee^ Assam. 

STEPHENS, Glares LEO jr. B. Westminster, Lon. Jan. 11, 18-17, 
E. Trevecca Col. 0. at Pembroke, Aug. 1870. Pastor at Tenly, Pem- 
brokeshire, 1870-72, Lon. 1872-78. A. Nov. 1880. Ad Shclla> Khasia 
Hills, Assam. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Thomas Jones. A. in 1841 as the first missionary of the Society. 
He translated some portions of the N T. and also some other books 
"which were the first books printed in the Khassi language. His connec- 
.tion with the Mission ceased in 1849, and he D. soon after at Cal- 
cutta. 

William Lewis. A. in 1842. After twenty years of labor he pro- 
ceeded on H. but on account of poor health was unable to return and 
resigned. He has since continued his literary labors : revising the por- 
tions of the N. T. translated by Mr. Thomas Jones, and translating the 
others, besides some other books. Is now Ret. 

Daniel Jones. A. in 1845 and entered upon his work, but was 
removed by death about nine months afterwards, in 1846. 

Hugh Roberts. 0. in 1865. A. the same year. S. Sylhet and 
Cherrapoonjee. H. in 1876. Now in hurope. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

THE ARCOT MISSION OF THE REFORMED CHURCH IN 

AMERICA. 

THIS Mission was formed in the year 1851, when the Rev. 
H. M. Scudder of the American Madras Mission wan appointed 
to Arcot. He opened a dispensary, which he carried on for 
two years in connection with other mission labors and then 
closed. In 1853 he was joined by two of his brothers, the Rev. 
W. W., and Joseph Scudder, and the three occupied the sta- 
tions Vellore, Chittoor and Arnee : having at that time about 
170 nominal Christians of whom 26 were communicants. The 
field had previously been worked to some extent by Norria' 
Groves, Esq., wbo labored in Chittoor, and by the Society for 
the Propagation of the Gospel, whose agents had occupied 
Vellore and Chittoor. As they desired to retire from this local- 
ity, the Presbyterian missionaries took possession, purchasing 
the mission property: thus securing the nucleus embraced in 
the figures given above. The dispensary was re-opened in 1865' 
by Dr. S. D. Scudder. 

This Mission was formed under the auspices of the Amer- 
ican Board, through which the Reformed Protestant Church 
then carried on' its foreign w'ork. An amicable separation, how- 
ever, Was effected in the year 1857, since which time the 
Mission has been directly responsible to the Home Church. 
Steady growth has followed the labors put forth, and 89 
different points are now occupied, 8 of which are principal 
stations. In addition to the missionaries and zenana workers 
the Mission has 18 catechists, 33 Bible-readers, and 30 teachers. 

[E. C. S.] 

The following statistics (December, 1880 show tho 
progress since 1871: 

Foreign missionaries, 5: decrease, 1 

Native ordained Agents, ... ... 4: increase, 1 

Native Christians, 3,109: do. 721 

Communicants, ...1,322; do, 010 



THE AUCOT MISSION. 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

, JACOB, (M. B.) B. 183:"). E. at Western Reserve 
Col. (M. A. 1S5G ), and at New Brunswick Theol. Sem. (1859). 0. 1859, 
M. 1859. A. 1859. S. Palamanair 1860-63, Madanapalle since 1863. 
Established Hospital and Dispensary at Madanapalle, 1868. L. Trans- 
lated into Telugu, " Liturgy of Reformed Church :" engaged in revision 
of Telugu Bible since i860. Published (}) ''The Bible Tested"; Bible 
Socy. New Y.ork : (2) ." Tract Work in India"; Tract Soc. New York ; 
'(3) " 'Winding up a Horse" or Christian giving ; New York : (4) " Na- 
tive Churches and Foreign Missionary Societies," (in Bangalore Confer- 
ence Reports) : Addison and Co., Madras. H. 1874-78. W. Telugu and 
'Tamil. Ad. Madanapalle, Madras P. 

CONKJ.IN, JOHN* \YOODIVCFF. B,. 113 1851. E. at Rutgers Col., 
\ J. (1871) and New Brunswick Theol. S.em. (1876). Pastoral work, 
1876-80. Sailed for I. Jan. 1, 1881. Ad Chittoor, Madras P. 

JOHN, ^KCirfRiAiT. B. in Jaulna in 1832. Converted in 1849. 
p rzed 185-}. M. in 1854 : 0. 1867. S. 1 86 7-J5 pastor at Coonoor ; 
Vg-5_79, Arcot, since at (Ad.) Arnpe, Madras P. 

\ATHAN\EL, MOSES. B. about 1830. 0. Jan. 1S80, as Native 
pastor Ad. Arcot, Madras I'. 

g.WYER, ANDREW. B.. of heathen parents about 1810. Baptized 

} ,o youth. Labored in Palamcottah eight years and at Chittoor 21 

. Ts ' O. in 1859. Native pastor at Arcot, 1859-65: Gnaniodiam, 

1865-75'- since, at Cln'ttppr. Ad. Chittoor, Madras P. 




E. 

(1855 

1875 Rt. Oct. 1878. S. Chittoor. Labored in Tamil and Telugu. 
Translated' into Tamil part of the ''Heidelberg Catechism." Ad. 

Chittoor, Madras P. 

ScroDER, JOHN, (jr. D.) B. in 1835, at Chavagacherry, Ceylon. E. 
.at Rutgers College. New Brunswick, (1857), and at New-Brunswick 
Theol. Sem. (1860) 0. ir. May, I860. M. in 1861. A in 1861. S. 
phittoor, 186 L -63: Palamanair, 1863-65: Arcot, 1865-75. Wasjn 
charge of hospital and dispensary at Arcot, 1872-75. Yellore, 1875-78. 
'Labored in Tamil. To America, in 1878. Ad. Creston, Neb.. U. S. A. 
"VN'ii'TJAM, ABRAHAM. B. about 1835, of heathen parents. E. at 
Yellore Scin.' 0. Jan. 1880 as Native pastor at (Ad.) Kaltupadi, 

WTCKOFF, JOTIX HF.NRY. B. in 1851, at Somcrville N. J., TJ. S. A. 
E. at Rutgers Col. Now Brunswick (1871) and at New Brunswick Theol. 
Sem. (1874) 0. 1874. A. in 1874. S. 1875, at Yellore: since, at Tin- 
divanam : AV- in Tamil. Ad. Tindivanam. Madras P. 



192 INDIAN UISSrOXARYDIfiECTOItY. 

DKCF.ASED AND RF.TIUKD MISSIONARIES. 

Henry Marty n, Scudder, M. iv, . o. P.. Feb. l>, 1S2. at Pandi- 
tcripo, Ceylon. Graduated at Nu\v York Univ. in 1810, and Union 
Tbcol. if em. in 1843. Past >ral work at New Roehelle, 1843. M. 
1844. A. 1844. S. Madura. 1844-4G : Madras. 1846-51: Arcot, 
1851-53: Vcllorc, 1853-57. To America in 1857. lit. in i860: Coon- 
oor and Ootacamand, 1860-64. Ret. to America in 18G4. Pastoral 
work at Jersey City, 1865: San Francisco, 186.3-71: Brooklyn, 1871 t-> 
the present. L. '/Fa rail.) ; "Spiritual Teaching" : Jewel Mine of Salva- 
tion" : %i Sweet Savor of Divine Truth" : " Ba/ar Book." (Tolugu) ; " Spir- 
itual Teaching" : "Jewel Mine of Salvation." Translations : Heidel- 
berg Catechism" (in part) : " Liturgy of the Reformed Church". Ad, 
No. 29 Ormand Place, /irooktyn. U. 5' A. 

AYilliam Waterbury Scuddor, D. j>. B. R?pt. 17. 182.'} at Pandi- 
teripo. Ceylon. Graduated at the Col of X. J., in 1841. and at Prince- 
ton Theol. Sem. in 1841. M. in 1846. A. in 16 16 Labored ap 
Batticotta, Ceylon until 1851 when he went to America: .lit. in I85:j, 
Labored at Arcot and Chittoor, 1&52-56. To America in 1856. Rt. 
1858. Chittoor, 1850-60 : Yellore, 1860-7:2. Ret. to America in 187 J. 
Since 1873 has ha I pastoral charge at Glastonbury. Am/i., U. S. A. 

Joseph Scuddcr, i>. rs B Jan. H, 18:25. at Panditeripo, Ceylonr. 
Graduated at Rutgers Col. New Brunswick, N. J. in 1848, and at .\e\v 
}hunbwick Thcol. Sem iu 1851, A. in 1850. S. Arcot, 1S53-56 : 
Coonoor, 1856-59: to America 1859-60: chaplain in U. S. Army, 
1861-63: Secretary American and Foreign Christian Union, 1863-69 : 
pastoral charge at Orlenfcaan, 1872-75: Upper Ked fiook, 1875 D. 1^76. 
Ezekiel Carman Scuclcler, M. D B. in 1'2S at Panditoripo, Ceylon. 
Graduated at AYestern Col. in 1850, and at New Brunswick Theol. Sera, 
iii 1855. 0. and M.. the same year. A. 1856. S. Chittoor, 1856-59 s 
Palamanair, 1859-61 : Chittoor, 1861-63 : Velloro, 1863-68. To Amt-v- 
ica in 1868. R. in 1870. Arnee, 1871-73 : Tellore, 1873-76. Pro.. 
to America in 1876. Ad Upper lied Hvok, N. >'., U. S. A. 

Joseph Mayon. Graduated at Rutgers Col. New Brunswick, in 
1855, and at New Brunswick Theol. Scm. in 1858. 0. in 1658. A, 
in 1858. S. Arnee, 1859 T 62 , Ginjee, 1862-63: Arnee, 1863-71. Ret. 
to America in 1871. Pastoral charge at Somcrset, Kan-su.?, U. S. A. 

Silas Downiu Scudder M i>. B. November 1, 1833, at Pandlteri- 
po, Ceylon. Gradr.ated at Rutgers Col. New Brunswick, N. J. in 
1856 : at 13th Street Medical College in 1858. Medical practice in 
New York 185. y -60. A. in i860. O. in 1862. In charge of du.pt'.u- 
eary and hospital at Arcot. 1865-72. R. to America in 1872. D. 1877. 
Enne Jahnsen Ilecron. B. 1842. in Faftfriesland, Hanover, 
Ilnrope. AAV-nt to America in 1H55. Graduated at Hope College, M.ich- 
igan, in 1867 and in the Theol. department of the same in 1870. O. 
1872. A. in 1 STL'. 8. Vellore, 1^72-73: Palainunair, 1873-77. H. 
to Amcrioa. 1877 D. in 1 W 7^. 



CHAPTER XX. 
THE MORAVIAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THE Missionary Society of the Moravians, or United 
Brethren, began its operations in India in 1855 by establishing 
a mission station at Ivyelang in British Lahoul. The first 
missionaries were the Hev. Messrs. Hyde and Pagell, who 
are still in the field. Thus far not many converts have beea 
gained, but the missionaries have made long preaching tours, 
have established schools which are in a flourishing state, and 
have laid the foundations for a great work. A second station 
was foimed in 18G5 at Poo in Upper Kunawur, near the Chinese- 
Tibetan frontiers. A third station it is hoped will soon be 
established at Lidak. A Lithographic printing-press has been 
established atlCyelang and by its aid the missionaries have been 
enabled to send forth in Tibetan portions of the Holy Scriptures, 
religious works, like Earth's " Scripture Stories, 1 ' " History of 
the Christian Church/' several tracts, nncl school-books of various 
kinds. A Tibetan -German Dictionary has bee-^completed and 
a Tibetan-English Dictionary is in coarse of preparation. At 
the request of the Government a mission farm has beeu opened 
near Kyelaug which bids fair to be a success, by increasing tho 
food-supply of the district and by giving employment to the 
native converts. In 1870 a new church was erected at Poo, 
and it is generally well filled at the time of service. Here aa 
at Kyelang the snow and intense cold of the winter months 
interfere to a considerable extent with missionary operations. 

Two churches are now in existence: in 1871 there were 17 
Native Christians of whom 8 were communicants. There a;e 
now 35 Christians and 17 communicants. There are at prei<nb 
three missionaries in the field. 



194 1XDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

HETDE, Auarsxrs "WILLIAM. B. Feb. 1C, 1825, in Prussian Silesia. 
Called to be a missionary of the Moravian Church in 1852. 0. in 1853, 
A. Xov. 23, of the same year. "Went to Kotgarh in 1854, where he 
spent one year. In 1855 in company with Mr. Pagell, established tho 
IMoravian mission station of Kyelang in British Lahoul, where he has 
since labored. A. Kyelany, (Kangra District) via Kullu, Punjab. 

PAGELL, JOHAN Louis EDWAED. A. in 1855. S. Kyelang: since 
1865, at Poo. Ad. J'oo, Upper Kunatcar, Punjab. 

REDSLOB, FRITZ ABOLPK. B. June 10, 1838, at Konigsfeld, Baden, 
Germany. Called to the ministry in 18GO. 0. as a Deacon of the 
United Brethren Church in 1867. M. in 1872. A. in 1872 and 
has since labored at Kyelang. A. Ki/elui!//, (Kangra District) ria 
Kvllu, Punjab. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Heinrich Angnst. Jaescbke. A. in . S Kyelang; AY. chiefly translat- 
ing. Owing to failing health he was obliged to leave I. in Sept. 1868. 
Has since carried on the work of translating at home. 

J. Theodore Rechler. A. in 1864. Labored at Kyelang until 
failing health caused him to return home, in 1871. 



CHAPTER XXL 

THE SEALKOTE MISSION OF THE UNITED PRESBY- 
TERIAN CHURCH IN AMERICA. 

THE Sealkote Mission was begun by one of the two branch- 
es which afterward united, in 1858, to form the United Presby- 
terian Church of North America. The first missionary was the 
Rev. A. Gordon, who, with his wife and sister, sailed from. 
New York, September 28, 1854, and arrived at Calcutta early 
in February, 1855. His general commission was to select a 
field in Northern India after conferring with missionaries al- 
ready in the country. Accordingly he repaired to Saharunpur, 
where he arrived March 23, 1855, and where he remained with 
the Presbyterian missionaries four mouths. Sealkote was 
visited in the following August, and being an eligible and un- 
occupied field it was decided to make it the centre of the new 
Mission. Shortly afterwards Mr. Gordon removed thither and 
purchased property for the Mission. The first missionary work 
was amongst the inmates of the poor-house near the station, 
several of whom afterwards became Christians. 

Early in 1856 the Mission was reinforced by the arrival of 
the Rev. Messrs. Stevenson and Hill. Mr. Stevenson having au 
inclination to educational work, a vernacular school, formerly 
sustained by the residents of the station, was made over to the 
Mission, and became a recognized branch of the work. Imme- 
diately after the rainy season of 1856 multitudes of village 
people died : numbers of children were left orphans: and tho 
missionaries were enabled to form the nucleus of an orphanage. 

The work was interrupted by the Mutiny of 1857: the 
missionaries taking refuge in June of that year in the fort at 
Lahore. One of the mission-houses was plundered and destroy- 
ed : the other two escaped. In July, Mr. Gordon return' 
the work, and in October following the other missionaries ai?d 
their families also returned. On the 25th of October the first COL- 
vcrts, two men ; were baptized. "During the three or four years 



2 9 6 INDIAN MISSION AR Y DIRECTORY. 

that followed several persons were baptized; and an industrial 
school was established to assist the converts in supporting 
themselves. In 1803, Mr. J. W. Gordon was sent from homo' 
to take charge of this as a branch of mission work. Land was 
also purchased at Zaffarwal in the eastern part of the Sealkote 
district, upon which Christian families were settled. 

In 1863 Gnjranawala was occupied, and in the following 
year the boys' department of the orphanage was removed here. 
la 1866 a branch station was established at Zaffarwal. In 1868 
schools were opened at Gujranawala and in 1870 girls' schools 
xvero begun at Sealkote. Gurdaspur was taken up early in 
1872, and Jhelum in 1873. The industrial school, not proving a 
great success and not being longer demanded, wa s closed in 1871: 
and the orphanages being left comparatively empty, were also 
closed in 1872. The school work has been carried forward with- 
success. The total number of pupils- ra the schools is I,92'2. 
A Theological school was opened at Sealkote in April, 1877 : 
in 1880 there were 12 students in attendance. A Girls' Board- 
ing school was begun at Sealkote in 1878. 

In September, 1880 a Zenana Hospital was opened at Gur- 
daspur, which bids fair to do a good work. 

[A.G.] 

The following statistics (for 1880) indicate the progress- 
since 187 1 : 

.Foreign missionaries, 5: increase, 

Native Ordained agents, 2: do. 

Native Christians, 53i: do. 41 L 

Communicants, 33o: do. 272 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

BARE. JAMES SWIFT. B. Dec. 22, 1832, in "Washington Co., X. Y., 
XT. S. A. 0. Juire 25, 1861. M. two days later. A. Calcutta March 20, 
1862. S. Gujranawala. "W. Yer. and Engl. H. to America March, 
1873 to Dec. 1875. Ad. Guj-ramcala, Punjab. 

GORDON, ANDREW. B. Sept. 17,1828, in "Washington Co., N. Y., 
U.S.A. 0. in New York, Aug. 31, 1854. A. at Calcutta, Feb. 13, 
1855. In the same year founded the mission at Sealkote. In 1864, 
]l. to America on account of sickness: was re-appointed, and A. Dec. 10, 
1875. W. Yer. and Engl. teaching and preaching. Ad, Gurdaspur, 



THE SEALKOTE MISSION. 



'97 



MARTIN, SAMTTEP. B. Doc. 9', 183G, in Jefferson Co., 0., U. S A : . 
O. at Wellsville, Ohio, July 3,186X5. M. Sept. 27.1866. A. in i.r aj f 
1867. S. Sealkote. W. Engl. and Ver. Ad. Sealkote, Punjab. 

McKuF, J. P. B. in Laughaghary, Ireland, in 1843. M. \\\ 1 ; 869. 
0. at Jamestown-, Penn., L T . S. A., in 1870. A. Feb. 11, 1871. S. Guj- 
ranawala : W. pretfching and teaching in Engl. and ver. Ad. Gftjran~ 
aivala, Punjab. 

SCOTT, THEODORE L. B. Nov. 21, 1847, in Butler Co., Penn.-, U. S. 
A 0. at Camp llun. Aug. 26. M. Sept, 1, and A. Nov. 28. 1874. ' S.' 
Gujranawala one year, teaching and preaching in Engl. In Jan. 1876, 
appointed to Jhelum. II. to America in 1881. 

SWIFT. E. P. B. of heathen parents near Gwalior, in 1829'. La- 
bored as a catechist at Lahore for some time. Went to Sealkote in 186 
where he was 0. in 1859. S. S'ealkote, Gujranawala, and, since 1873, 
Jhelum. M. in 1864. Ad. Jheluin, Punjab. 

THAJOJR, GEORGK LAWRK^CE. B. at Lucknow (parents Brahmins) 
in 1852. 0. Dec. 28, 1877. L. " Izhar-i-Iswi (Urdu.) Ad. lasrur, 
Sealkote, Punjab. 



. 
BETIRED AX-D DECEASED MISSION APJES. 

Robert A. Hill. B. about 1820 in U. S. A. Was engaged in pasto- 
ral work a number of years before comirig to I. A. in Jan. 1856 : S. 
Sealkote until 1863, when he llet. to America. Was pastor in Jersey 
City for several years, and is now pastor at Princeton, (near Schcnec" 
lady) A. F., U. S. A. 

Ephraim H. Stevenson. B. about 1820. in Perm , U. S, A. 0. by 
the Ohio Presbytery Nov. 4, 1852. Labored as a pastor in Ohio for 
sometime. A. in Jan. 18.36/ S. Sealkote until the close of 1864, when 
he 11. to America on account of sickness. Is now Principal of a Female 
Sem. at Oxford, Penn., U. /S'. A. 

George Washington Scott P. of heathen parents in Nidhara, near 
GwaJior. about 1832. E. in the Orphanage of the Lodiana Mission. 
Labored as a catechist in the Sealkote Mission from 1856- ta l'85-9, when 
he was 0. by the Sealkote Presbytery. Labored faithfully until his- 
death, in 1869. 



CHAPTER XXII. 
METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS. 

I. XORTH IXDIA MISSION. 

THE Methodist Episcopal Cbnrcb (whose Missionary Society 
was organized in the year 1819) was late, comparatively, 
in entering the India mission field. It was not till the year 
1854, that, at the suggestion of the Rev. Dr. Duff, who was then 
visiting the United States, the project of establishing a Mission 
in India was seriously entertained, and two years more elapsed 
before the first missionary arrived in the country. The Rev. 
William Butler, D. D., who was sent out to locate and super- 
intend the new Mission, arrived in Calcutta on the 23rd of 
September, 1856, and after consulting the leading missionaries 
of the city with regard to the best part of the country in which 
to plant the Mission, proceeded to Benares where he attended 
the Missionary Conference then convened in that city, and 
after taking further counsel with the missionaries assembled 
there, finally selected Oudh and Rohilkund as the best and 
most needy field for his work. He proceeded at once to Ba- 
reilly and entered upon his work, but the Mutiny of 1857 soon 
swept over the country, and Dr. Butler with his family sought 
a refuge at Nynee Tal. Meanwhile two other missionaries 
from America joined him, as did two Englishmen in India, so 
that the new Mission at the close of the Mutiny had five men 
in the field ready for active work. Thus reinforced it was 
determined to establish a station at Nynee Tal, to occupy Mo- 
radabad and Lucknow, and to re-occupy Bareilly. This was 
accordingly done, and, about the close of 1858, the active work 
of the Mission was fairly commenced. 

Reinforcements from America were sent out somewhat 
rapidly, six men coming in 1859, four in 1861, three in 1862, 
and four in 1863. Meanwhile additional stations were occupied 
in the following order : Bijnour, Shahjchanpore, and Budaon, 
iu 1859 ; Sitapur, 1861, Roy Bareilly, 1861, Gonda, 1865, 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS, iqg 

Paori, in Gurhwal, 1666, Bahraich, 1867, Cawnpore, 1871, 
Pithoragarh, in Eastern Kumaon, 1873 ; while various other 
stations were occupied by Native missionaries. 

Orphanages were formed at Lucknow in 1858 : in 1859 
the boys were removed to Bareilly and in 1862, the boys' 
orphanage was finally located at Shabjehanpore, at which time 
the girls' orphanage was transferred from Lucknow to Bareilly. 
Both have continued to flourish, and contained, in 1880, 519 
orphans, of whom 269 were boys and 250 girls. In connection 
with the boys' orphanage is the Christian village of Panahpore 
near Shahjehanpore. It embraces 900 acres of laud, and con- 
tained in 1880 a Christian community of 335. 

A Mission press was established at Bareilly in 1860, which 
was removed to Lucknow in 1866, and has since continued its 
useful work: its issues for the year 1880 were 57,000, containing 
4,000,000 pages. 

A Theological School was founded at Bareilly in 1872 by 
the Rev. D. W. Thomas one of the missionaries : he gave the 
institution about 4,000, and through his efforts this was sub- 
sequently increased as an endowment fund by donations made 
in America to 12,000. The first class graduated in 1874 : the 
class of 1880 numbered 13; in all, 57 have graduated. 

There are several Boarding-schools in connection with the 
Mission. Two of these are at Lucknow, one for girls, the 
other " The Centennial School/' for boys. The " Memorial 
School" at Cawnpore and the " The Cawnpore Girls' School" 
were established in 1874. In 1880 a High School (for boys) 
was opened at Nynee Tal, and in 1881, one for girls. The 
number of day-schools is 344, with 8,338 pupils : there are 222 
Sunday-schools attended by 8,952 scholars. For many years 
much attention has been given with most encouraging results 
to Sunday-school work both among Christian and heathen 
children. 

Four of the Mission staff are medical missionaries; and 
there are also two medical ladies with a dispensary at Morad- 
abad and a large hospital and dispensary at Bareilly. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, through its reg- 
ular agents, including the wives of the missionaries, is carry- 
ing on au extensive and most encouraging work among the 




200 IXDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

women and girls. Since 1870 this Society has sent out 10 
Indies, most of wliom are still in India. 

A moderate- degree of success attended the labors of tho 
missionaries in some parts of the field, almost from the first, 
but the chief part of the fruit has been gathered among the- 
lower castes of Ilohilkund and more recently among some of 
the villages of Kumaon and Gurhwal. In Oudh the visible 
success has, thus far, been much more limited. A large number 
of Native preachers, of vaiious grades, has bten raised up, some- 
of whom are men of personal worth and marked spiritual pow- 
er. During the past decade (1871-31) the number of Native 
Christians has trebled.* 

The following statistics (for 1880) indicate the progress 
since 187 I : 

Foreign missionaties, 25 : 

Native Ordained Agents, 11: 

Native Christians, 5,495 : 

Communicants, 2,597 : 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

ADAMS, HORACE J. B, at Malangapore. 1847. 0, by Bishop liar, 
r'n in Luck now Jan. 11, 1674. raster of the Native Church at (Ad.) 
I'anahpors, Oiuih. 

BABLKT, BRRNTOH If AM LINE. B. April 27, 1849, at Monmonth, Lid , 
1" S. A. E. at Simpson Col., Indianola, Iowa, (B. A. 1870 : M. A. 
1873). and at Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111, (B.D 181*2). \ 
preaching in 18G8. (). 1). at Aurora, 111. by Bishop Ames in Oct. 1871 ; 
(). E. at Cluiriton, Iowa, by Bishop Andrews iu Sept. 187^. M. 
Aug. 8, 187:2. A. Dec. 19. 1X72 S 1873, Lucknow, 1874-77, 
Gonda and Bahraich, since, Luckno\v. L. " Sunday-school Manual:'*" 
Translation of '-Missionary among Cannibals;" ' Elavia ;" " Glaucia'' 
' St'cd ThoKghf:' " Bible Question Book" (the last three in press) : edit- 
ed Roman-Hindee X T. il. E Church Press, Lucknow. Ad. Liu-h- 
noic. 

BABE. CfiAEi.rs LYSAXIH n. B. July 7, 1819. in Clark C'o , Ind., U.S.A. 
0. D. and O. E Xew York, Xov P, 1870, A. Jan. 1, 1880. Has labor- 
ed since at (Ad). SJiahjvtKinpore. N.- IT. P. 

BUCK, THILO MKLVIX. B. ilay 15,1810. at Corning, Stcubc-n Co. X.Y. 
U. P. A. Eii'cic,! t lie ministry iii March. 1865. O. i'. Man-h 17, 
O. E. Mau-h L ; 8, IbG'J. rreached live years in the Kan- rrnce 

coming to I. A Xov. 11, 1870. S. Shall jehanpore ; in charge 



Foi fuller p.-trticulars rUe Madge's ' iland-book of Method i.^m." 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS. 201 

of the Boys' orphanage and the Christian village, Panahpore, 1871-76. 
M. May 22, 1872. W. chiefly ver. H. to America in April, 1876. Rt. 
Dec. 1878. Has since labored as Presiding Elder of Kumaon District. Ad. 
Dwarahath, Kumaon, N.-W. P. 

CHENET, NATHAN G. A. in Feb. 1876, and has labored since at 
Synee Tal. W. chiefly Engl. preaching. Ad. Nynee Tal, N.-W. P. 

CRAVEN, THOMAS. B. March 28, 1846, in Buckley, County of Flint, 
North AVales. .Removed to America in June, 1864. E, at Evanston, 
111. graduating at North-Western Univ< June 22, 1870, (M. A. 1873), 
and at Garrett Biblical Institute (B. D< 1872), 0. D. and 0. E. by 
Bishop Janes in Aug. 1870 : A in Oct. appointed to Lucknow in Jan. 
1871, where he has since labored as Supt. af schools and the Mission 
Press. L. Compiler of several dictionaries, Roman-Urdu and Engl. ; and 
Engl. and Koman-Ufdu. M< E. Church Press, Lueknow. Ad. Lucknow* 

CUNNINGHAM, EDWARD. B. Aug. 13, 1840, at Searsmount, Me., 
U. S. A. Converted in 1849 : licensed as an exhovter in 1863, as a local 
preacher in 1864, Joined the New York East Conference in April, 1867. 
Graduated at Wesleyan Univ. Middletown, Ct., in July, 1867. 0. D. 
by Bishop Thomson in 1869 : 0. E. by Bishop Scott, ifi 1871. S, 
Cheshire, Ct., 1867-69, and at Durham, Ct., 1869-71. M. in 1871. A. 
in Dec. 1871. S. 1872, Seetapore : 1873-77, Lueknow : 1878-79, 
Presiding Elder, Rohilkund District. H. to America^ in Jan. 1880. "W* 
has been both Engl. and ver. Ad. Belfast, Me., V . S. A. 

CUTTING, HIRAM AD'OLPHUS. B. near Moradabad in 1849. E. at 
Moradabad, where he was converted in 1869. Began preaching 
in 1870. 0. at Lueknow, by Bishop Harris, Jan. 11, 1874. S. Amroha, 
1874-80, since at (Ad) Bijnour, N.-W. P. 

DBASE,. STEPHEN S. A. 1881. Ad. Bnreilly^ N.-W. P t 

Durr, ANTONE. O. D. by Bishop Merrill, Jan. 9, 1881. Ad. Bilsi> 
JSudaon, N.-W. P< 

FIELDBRAVE, ISAAC. 1?. at Delhi in 1848 of Christian parents. 
Was converted in 1869 and commenced preaching soon after. 0. at 
Lueknow by Bishop Harris^ Jan. II, 1874. S. Khera JBajhera, 1874- 
76 ; since, Luckitow. L. translated a Commentary on the Revelation : 
has written a Prize Essay in Urdu on the use of Tobacco : M. E. Church 
Press, Lueknow. Has written 4 and translated a number of hymns. Ad 
Luaknotff. 

GII/L, JOSEPH HAMILTON. B. March 27, 1844, iri Strabane, Co. 
Tyrone, Ireland. Converted in March, 1854. Removed to America in 
Sept. 1862. E. at Evanston, 111. graduating (with B. A.) at the North 
Western Univ. June 22, 1870, and (with B. D.), at the Garrett Biblical 
Institute June 29, 1871. M. Sept. G, O'. in Brooklyn, by Bishop Janes, Sept. 
24, sailed for I. Oct. 4, A. Dec. 14, 1871. S. from "Jan. 1872, to Aug. 
1373 at Moradabad : since, at Paori : ver. W. H. to America in Jan. 
1881. Ad. Quincy St. Brooklyn, N. Y., U. S. A. 

GOWAN, THOMAS. 0. D. by Bishop Bowma'n, in Jan. 1879. 0. E. 
by Bishop Merrill, Jan. 9, 1881. Ad. Nynee Tal, N.-W. P. 

GKAT. RICIIAEDSON, (M. D.) B. in the United States, in June, l8ol.'. 



202 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

A. Oct. 20, 1873. O.Jan. 1874, at Lucknow by Bishop Harris. Has labored 
since in Eastern Kumaon. "W. ver. M. in June, 1875. Ad. Pithorahyarh, 
Kumaon, N.-W. P. 

GREENWOLD, FREDEKIC, W. 0. D. by Bishop Merrill, Jan. 9, 1881. 
Ad. Paori, Garhwal, N.-W. P. 

HAQQ, ZAHUR-UL. B. in 1833, near Shajchanpore. Called to tl>e 
ministry in 1859. M. Aug. 19, 1862. 0. Jan. 23,1870, by Bishop Kings- 
ley. S. Bareilly, Xynee Tal, Moradabad, Bijnour. Ad. Sumbhal, N.-W.P. 

HOSKIXS, ROBERT. B. May 7, 1843, in Bennington, Vt., U. S. A. 
Converted in 1859 : called to the ministry in 1860. Graduated at "\Vil- 
liams Gol. in 1866. 0. in 1867. M. in 1867. A. Feb. 1, 1868. 
S. Bijnour. 1868-89 : Budaon, since 1870. H. to America 1876-77. 
Ver. W. L. Urdu and Roman-Urdu Concordances of the Bible ; Allaha- 
bad, and Luck no-w; an Urdu Commentary on the Gospel of St. John. 
M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. Ad. Budaon, N.-W. P. 

JANVIER, JOEL THOMA-S. B. about 1834, at Banda, Bundelkhund, 
of Hindu parents. E. in the Presbyterian mission at Allahabad. Assis- 
ted Dr. Butler in founding the Mission, in 1857. 0. D. Pec. 11, 1864, 
by Bishop Thomson. 0. E. Jan. 23, 1870, by Bishop Kingsley. S. Bar- 
eilly. Xynee Tal, Lucknow, Barabanki, Cawnpore. M. Ad. Bareilly, 
N;-W.~ P. 

JOEL, ENOCH. B. Rampore. Moradabad, Dec. 23, 1853. E. Bareil- 
ly Thcol. Sem. 0. D. by Bishop Merrill, Jan. 9,1881. Ad. Baralunki, 
Oudh. 

JOHNPOX, THOMAS STEWART, (w. D.) B. Mon mouth Co.. X. J., U. S. A. 
Sept. 28.1833. M. 1855. 0. D. 1861. 0. E. 1832. A. 1863. S. Shahjehan- 
pore, 1863-73, Kumaon, 1873-75. IT. 1876. Budaon, 1877, Shah- 
jehanpore, 1878 to present. L. Translated in Urdu and Hindi (1) "True 
Repentance," (2) "Gospel Servers," (3) "Bible not of Man :" M. E. 
Church Press, Lucknow. Ad Shahjehanpore, N.-W. P. 

K AST ESDI ECK, HENRY FRANCIS. B. Brooklyn, X. Y., U. S. A., Oct. 
13. 1857. 0. Akron, Ohio, Sept, 1879, by Bishop Foster. A Xov. 
1879. S. Calcutta, 1880, Nynee Tal, 1881. Ad. Nynee Tal, N.-W. P. 

KTIAX. MAHBUB. 0/D. Jan. 9, 1881, by Bishop Merrill. Ad. 
Kah-nla, Budaon, N.-W. P. 

KXOWLEP, SAMCKL. 13. in Eng. Joined the Mission in 1858 then 
in its commencement S. 1858-64, Xynee Tal, Budaon, Lucknow: 
1864-69, Gonda: 1870-71, Seetapore, 1872-73. II. to England : 
1874-70, Shahjehanpore, 1877-79, Cawnpore : since, Gonda. L. "Mis- 
bah-ul-Tman" '(Lamp of Faith) : " Tawallud-i-Jadid" (the Xew Birth x . : 
' Ilm-i-Mantiq" (Elements of Logic) : M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. 
Al fironda, Oud/i. 

T^wsox, JAMES CnArEL. B. Platteville, Grant Co.,Wis., TJ. S. A. 

Oct. 15, 185G. E. at Garrett. Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111., graduating 

in 1880. 0. D. Platteville, Sept. 26, 1880, by Bishop Harris 0. E. at 

Brooklyn, bv the same Dec. 1, 1880. A. Jan. 24, 1881. Ad. Caicn- 

orr N.-W. /'. 

, HESRT. B. Xov. 1 1 , 1834, in Trumbull Co; ; Ohio, U. S. A. 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS. 



203 



Converted Nov. 7, 1851. Galled to be a. missionary at seven years of age 
by reading " Little Henry and his Bearer." Joined the Pittsburgh Con- 
ference in March, 1859. 0. by Bishop Janes, in July, 1860. A. Jan. 
21,1863. S. Moradabad, April, 1803 to December, 1866 : Bijnour, 
18G7: Paori, Garhwal, 1868-71, (serving during 1870-71 as Presiding 
Elder of Moradabad District) t II. to America from Feb. 1872, to Oct. 
1873 : Presiding Elder of Oudh District, 1874-75 : Cawupore, 1875-76. 
Lucknow, 1877; Gonda, 1878-7.9; since, Moradabad. W. both Yen 
and Engl. E. at Alleghany CoL Meadville, Pa., in 1859, (B. A..: 
M. A. in 1862). L. : (1) Miftah-ul-Majlis (liules for Deliberate Bodies) : 
(2) Masihi Kamiliyat (Wesley on Christian Perfection) : (3) Ahwal i 
Padri Wasli .Sahib (Abridgement of Watson's Life of Wesley) : (4) 
Kitab Muqaddas ke Qawanin i Tafsiv (llules of Biblical Exegesis),: (5) 
Bhugol Bidya ka Parshan Uttar (Hindee Catechism of Geography) : (6) 
Millat i Tashbihi (Butler's Analogy, abridged) : (7) Kutub farosh ki 
Sarguzasht, "Five Years in the Alleghanies") (8) Tazkira e Lizzie (Mrs. 
Mansell's Biography) : (9) Several small illustrated books: (10) Josephus' 
Histories. M. E. Church Press, Luck now. Ad. Moradabad, ./V.-JF. P. 

McGREw, GEORGE HARRISON. B. King-wood, Ya., U. S. A. May 
19, 1846. Served as a scout in the Union army, 1863-64: E. Wesleyan 
Univ.Middletown(B. A. 1870 : M. A. 1873), at Harvard Col. (L L. B. 
1873), and at Drew Theol. Sem. (B. D. 1876). 0. D. and 0. E. Nov. 
1875. A. Jan. 5, 1876. M. Sept. 11, 1876. S. Moradabad, 1876-77* 
Bareilly, 1878-79; since, Cawnpore. L. " Ilm-i-Ilahi ka Khulasa" (in, 
press). Ad. Cawnpore, N.-W. P. 

MCHENRY, ALBERT DKAVES. B. Feb. 21, 18 JQ, in Tusc.ara.was- Co. 
Ohio, U.S.A. Licensed to preach in 1871 while attending Mount Un- 
ion Col. M. July 27,1873. A. Oct. 20 r 1873. 0. at Lucknow, Jan. 11,. 
1874, by Bishop Harris. S. Moradabad, 1874 : Bijnour, 1875 ; 
Shahjchanpore, 1876, Bijnour, 1877-80. H. to America in 1881. Ad... 
Rlayfield, Cuyalioija Co., Ohio, U. S. A. 

McMAiroN, JOHN T. 0. in 1870. A. in Nov. 1870. S, Roy Bar- 
eilly, 1871-80 ; since, Paori. M. W. ver. and Engl. Ad. Paori, Garh- 
wal,N.-W.P. 

MESSMORE, JAMES HAGAR. B. Jan. 15, 1836, in Brant Co., Ontario, 
Canada. 0. and appointed to I. 1860. M. in 1861. S. Lucknow, 
Shahjehanpore, Lucknow. H. one and a half years, 1873-74 ; and 1880. 
Ad. Erantford, Ontario, Cunada. 

MVDGE, JAMES. B. April 5, 1844, in West Springfield, Mass., 
U. S. A. Graduated from the Wesleyan Univ. Middletown Ct., in July, 
1865 (with B. A.) : and from the School of Theology of Boston Univ. in 
May, 1870 (with B. D.) 0. in 1868. Preached two years in Cambridge, 
Mass., and three years in Wilbraham, Mass. M. April 29, 1873. A. 
in Oct. 1873. S. Lucknow, where he has since remained, as editor of the 
Lucknoio Witness, an Engl. religious weekly. Pastor of M. E. Church 
(Engl.) Lucknow, 1880-81. L. " Handbook of Methodism;" "Blis r 
tory of Methodism ;" " Good stories for the Leisure Hour" (selected and 
edited); " Good Stories and Best Poems" (selected and edited) : '.' Spirit- 



204 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

ual Songs" (revised edition edited); " Suwalat-i-Ilni-i-Ilahi" (a sim- 
ple catechism translated into Urdu). Ad. Lucknow. 

NEELD, FRANK L. E. at Western Univ, Pa., (B. A. 1878) and at Drew 
Theol, Sem. (B. D. 1881). A Jan 24, 1881. Ad. Cawnpore, N.-1V. P. 

PARKED, EDWIN WALLACE. B. Jan. 21, 1833, at St. Johnsburg, Yt. 
U. S. A. Converted in 1853, and commenced preaching in 1856. M. in 
1856. A. Aug. 21, 1859, S. Bijnour, in Oct, 1859 : Luckimpore, Oct. 
1861: Moradabad, Jan. 1863 : Nynee Tal, Oct. 1863 ; Moradabad, Jan, 
1864. IJ. from April, 1868 to Nov. 1870 : since, Moradabad, most of 
the time Presiding Elder of Rohilkund District. Ad. Moradabad, N.=- W. l\ 

PAUL, AMBICA CHARN. B. in 1841, in Bengal. Converted Oct. 8, 
1861. M. 1863. 0. 1870, by Bishop Jiingsley, S. Luckimpore, Seetapore 
Sambhal, Chandousi, Bijnour, Hurdui, and (Ad.) Roy tiareilly. 0-udh. 

SCOTT, JEFFERSON ELLSWORTH. B. May 21, 1851, near Steuben^ 
ville, Ohio, "U. S. A. Studied at Newmarket and Mount Union Col. 
Taught one year. Entered ministry in July, 1871 and preached two years. 
Appointed to L. Aug. 12, 1873, sailed 1 Aug. 20 and A- at Bombay Oct. 20, 
J873. O, D. and 0. E. by Bishop Harris at Lucknow, Jan. 11, 1874. 
S. Moradabad, 1874-75, since Jan. 1876, Seetapore. M. at Bombay 
Dec. 14, 1877. W. chiefly ver. Ad. Seetapore, Oudh. 

SCOTT, THOMAS JEFFERSON. B. Oct. 4, 1835, at New Alexandria, 
Ohio, U.S.A. Licensed to preach in 1855. 0. D, by Bishop Ames, 
in March, 1861 : 0. E. in July, 1862. M. June 26, 1862. Preached 
five years while attending the Ohio Wesleyan Univ. and two )-ears in the 
Pittsburgh Conference. A. Jan. 20, 1863. S. six years at Budaon, and 
ten years at Bareilly. W, chiefly ver, Presiding Elder of the Bareilly 
District four years. Taught six years in the Bareilly Theol, Sem, five 
of them as Principal. L. (1) Waz Banane Ri Tariqa (On the " Prepara- 
tion of Sermons"): (2) A Work on Logic; diglott, Urdu and English 
(Knwaifitl niantiqji (3) Bible Dictionary, (Taqdis ul LugatJ Urdu 
translation and compilation from Barr's '* Index" ; (4) Urdu Commen~ 
tary on Matthew and Mark : (5) Revision and re-translation in Hindee, 
on Committee, of the Catholic Epistles and the Revelation : (6) A small 
Urdu work on Natural Theology : (7). A Work in Urdu on Homileticsi, 
M. E. Church Press, Lucknow, It. to America 1875-76. Ad, Bareilly, 
N.-W. J\ 

THOMAS, DAVID WESLEY. B. Jan. 1, 1833, in Sherbrooke, Lower 
Canada, where his parents were temporarily residing : native town, Ma- 
lone, Franklin Co.. 1ST. Y. E. at the Franklin and Ogdensburgh Acadamies 
and in the New York State jSTorm;al School, graduating in 1855. Taught 
several years. 0. D. June 6, 185S,-?aid two days later joined the Black 
Hi ver (now Northern New York) Conference ; S. Nichol ville, N. Y. 
O. E. by Bishop Baker in Boston Aug. 14, and sailed Aug. 17, 1861. A. 
Jan. 17, 1862. Has labored since at Bareilly, in charge of the Girls' or- 
phanage from 1862 to 1871 : since, as Agent and Principal of the Theol. 
Sem. Received the honorary degree M. A. in 1868 from Genesee Col. L. A 
Commentary on Genesis : A Work on the Trinity and a pamphlet on 
Miracles (Roman-Urdu) M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. H. to America, 
1873-74. Is Treasurer of the Mission. Ad, Bareilly, N^W, P> 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS. 205 

WAUGH, JAMES WALTER. B Feb. 27, 1832, at Mercer, Penn., 
U. S. A, Began to preach in 1857. E, at Alleghany Col., and at Gar- 
rett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. 0. in April, 1859. After one 
3'ear of pastoral work, was appointed to I. A, at Calcutta in Aug. 1859. 
S. Shahjehanpore, 1359 : Bareillj, 1S60-G5 ; Lucknow, 1866-71 : Luck- 
now, 1874 : Bareilly, Theol. Sem., 1875-76. W. almost. exdusivelyYer. 
In charge of the Mission press for ten years from its founding : Supt. for 
a time of Boys' orphanage : Presiding Elder of Oudh District for five 
years. Principal Memorial School, Cawnpore, 1877-79. Principal 
Boys' High-School, Kynee Tal, 1880. L. edited Kaukab i Iswi, ("The 
Christian Star") four years. Translated the three Catechisms of the 
M. E. Church, and some small books: Intikhub i Sabaq, (Scripture 
Lessons) in Roman and Lithograph L T rdu. Hymns in Urdu : " Indian 
Temperance Singer," etc. M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. H. 1871-73 ; 
and in Feb. 1881. M. Ad. Evanston, III, U. S. A. 

WILSON, PEACHT TA.LIAFERRO, (M. D) B. Christian Co., Ky., U.S.A. 
Oct. 26, 1832. E. at Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. (M. A. 
andB. D.) 0. D. and 0. E. Youngstown, Ohio, 1862. A. Jan. 20, 1863. 
S. Luckimpore, 1863 : Roy Bareilly, 1864-70 : Paori, 1870-73: H. to 
America, 187(3-78 : Iloorkee, 1878 : Gurhwal, 1879. L. Translated into 
Hindustani, (1) Binney's Theol. Compend. (first Ed.) (2) " Michael 
the Miner." (3) " Mary Lathrop" (4) " Grandfather Ormand's Sto- 
ries to his grand-children. Ad. l j aori, Garhwal, N.- W. P. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

William Butler, D. D. B. in Ireland in 1820. Attended the Wes- 
leyan Theol. School, Didsbury, Eng. Removed to America in 1853^ 
Engaged in pastoral work several years, contributing largely to 
Ncwcomb's " Cyclopedia of Missions." In May, 1856, was appoint- 
ed by the Methodist Episcopal Church as its first missionary to I. 
A. at Calcutta in Sept. 1856, and proceeded to Oudh and llohilkund 
where he founded the Mission. In May, 1857, he was obliged to flee 
with his family to ISTynee Tal where he remained until 1858. His house 
and library at*Bareilly were burned by the mutineers. From 1858-64 
he labored as Supt. of the Mission, having his residence at Bareilly. In 
Jan. 1865, R. to America. In 1869 he was appointed Secretary of the 
American and Foreign Christian Union. In 1872 he published "The 
Land of the Veda ;" including Personal Reminiscences in India. In 1873 
appointed to open and superintend the Mission of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Mexico. R. to America in 1879. Ad. fifelrose, Mass , U. S. A. 

James Lorenzo Humphrey, M. D. B. in 1828, in the State of N. Y. 
U. S. A. Was engaged as pastor for a time before coming to I. A. dur- 
ing the Mutiny in 1857. S. Moradabad, Bareillj', Budaon, and Shah- 
jehanpore. In 1864, R. to America and during his stay there studied 
medicine and received the degree of M. D. at the Albany Medical Col. 
Rt, in 1868, $ Nynee Tal until 1874, when he Ret. on account of ill 



206 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

health. Established a dispensary and taught native students (male and 
female) in medicine ; also published a small work in Hindi, on Practice 
and Materia Medica. Ad. Utica, N. Y., U. S. A. 

Ralph Pierce. B. in 1827, in U. S. A. E. at Dickinson Col. Pa. 
A. in 1857. S. Lucknow till 1863: then at Bareilly. 11. to America in 
1864. Ad. Knoxville, Tenn., U. S. A 

James A. Cawdell. B. in Eng. Joined the Mission in 1858. S. 
Luckno\v 185 8-62, Bareilly, 1863-64, Sambhal, 1865-68. In 1868 left 
I. for Australia. 

James Buume. B. in Eug. in 1824.. Removed to U. S. A. in 1846. 
Pastoral work for some years in and near Chicago, 111. A. in July, 1859. 
JS. 1859, Lucknow, Eugl.. work : 1860, Shahjehanpore : 1861-63, Luck- 
now: 1864-66, Nynee Tal : R. to America in 1866, and resumed 
pastoral work near Chicago. While in India edited ''Sam ach ar Hin- 
dustani :" wrote several Urdu hymns and tracts : published a small 
Temperance hymn-l">ok. Ad. Princeton, III., U. S. A. 

John Talbot Gr .3ey. B. in 1830, in Philadelphia, U. S. A. E. in 
that city : was there 0. and engaged for some time in pastoral work. 
A. in 1861. S. Seetapore until 1865: then at Bareilly: at Nynee Tal, 
1866-67. Engaged in both Engl. and Yer. W. Prepared one or two 
tracts on the Mahommedan controversy. R. to America in 1868. At 
present engaged as Presiding Elder in N. Y. and as missionary editor 
of the Northern Christian Advocate. Ad. Rochester, N. Y., U. S. A. 

Henry Jackson. E. in Canada. A. in April, 1861. S. 1861-63, 
Luckimpore, Bareilly, Budaon ; 1864-67, Lucknow : 1866, H. to Amer- 
ica, 1869, Budaon: 1870-73, Bijnour : in Jan. 1874 was appointed 
to open the Memorial School at Cawnpore where he labored, as Principal, 
187-1-76: 1877, Shahjehanpore : 1878, Ranee Khet. In 1879, R. to 
America and engaged in pastoral "W. Ad. Port Eicen, N. Y., U. S. A. 

Isaiah L. Hauser. B in 1836, in U. S. A. E. at Appleton, Wis. 
A. in 1861. S- Bijnour, 1861-66: then at Shahjehanpore. Translated 
the Methodist Discipline into Urdu. R. to America in 1867. Is editor 
and proprietor of a weekly journal, the Christian Statesman. Ad. Mil- 
icauhec, Wis. U. S. A. 

William "NV. Hicks. B. in Eng. Removed in boyhood to America. 
A. in 1862. S. Luckimpore, and Budaon. R. to America in 1863. 
Ad. Jacksonville, Florida, U. S. A. 

Frank A. Spencer. B. in 1842, in Ohio, U. S. A. E. at Ohio 
Wesleyan Univ. A. in Dec. 1865. S. Shahjehanpore, 1866; Bareilly, 
1867. Translated a small volume into Urdu. R. to America in 1867. 
On the way spent two years in mission work in Genoa and one year 
at Bologna in Italy. Ad. Pt. Harman, Ohio, U. S. A. 

Samuel Sexton "Weatherby. B in 1840, in Baltimore, U. S. A. E. 
at Pennington Sem. N. J. A. in Dec. 1865. S. 1866, Moradabad : 
1867-68, Bahraich: 1869-72, Gonda : 1873, Paori. In 1873 R. to 
America. Has labored since as Supt. of the Minard Mission Home, at 
Morristown, N. J. Now engaged in pastoral work. Ad. Tttckerton, 
A. J, U.S.A. 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS. 



207 



Francis Marion Wheeler. B. Oct. 14, 1842, at Dix, Schuyler Co. 
N. Y., U. S. A. Entered the ministry in 1866. O. April 11, 1867, 
at Newark, N. J. M. July 22, 1867. A. Jan. 31, 1668. S. Lucknow, 
Mofadabad, Badaon, Calcutta, (temporarily). H. from March, 1872 to 
Dec. 1875. 11. to America in 1878, Ad. Varna, N. Y.^ U. S. A. 

Fletcher Bailey Cherington. B. April 14, 1850, at Patriot, Gallio 
Co. Ohio, U. S. A. 0. in 1871. Preached in the Iowa Conference 
one year. M. Oct. 2, 1872. A. Dec. 19, 1872. S. Seetapore, 1873-75. 
It. to America on account of wife's illness, in Jan. 1876. Ad. Anaino- 
ia, Iowa, U. S. A. 



DECEASED MISSION ARIES, 

Joseph U. Downey. B. Dec. 15, 1836, at New Albany, Ind. 
IT. S. A. E. at Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. M. in Feb. 
1859. A. in Aug. 1859, and died only a month after his arrival, at 
Lucknow, Sept, 16, 1859. 

Charles Wesley Judd. B. Jan. 31, 1829, in Berkshire, Tioga Co. 
N. Y., U. S. A. Called to the ministry in 1849. M. in 1856. 0. D. 
in 1857 : 0. E. 1859. Labored as a pastor six years before coming 
to I. A. in Aug. 1859. S. 1859-62, Moradabad : 1862-65, LucknoW : 
1865-69, Presiding Elder of Lucknow and Bareilly Districts : (1869-71, 
H. to America): 1872-73, Bareilly: 1874-75, Nynce Tal : 1876, 
Kumaon District, Presiding Elder. H. 1879. L. Translated " Hayat-ul- 
Mattaqin"; M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. D. at AVilkesbarre, U. S. A. 
Feb. 11, 1880. 

John David Brown. B. Nov. 8, 1834, in Mifflin Co. Pelin M U. S, A. 
Entered the East Baltimore Conference in March, 1859. 0. D. by 
Bishop Simpson. 0. E. by Bishop Baker, in 1861. M. June 11, 1861. 
A. in Jan. 1862. S. Moradabad, 1862: Shahjehanpore, 1863-64 ; See- 
tapore, 1865-70. H. to America in 1871 : while there had pastoral 
charge for one year at Carlisle, Penn. Rt. in Dec. 1872. S. Shah- 
jehanpore, 1873: Bareilly, 1874-76. L. " Talib-ul-Haqq" : " Naqliyat-i- 
Dilchasp": several Sunday-school books (pictorial series) : translated 
into Urdu Dr. Mitchell's " Letters to Indian Youth": and "Girdab- 
i-Nashabazi" (partly original) : M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. Ret. 
to America in broken health, Jan. 1876, D. at Harrisburg, Pa., Feb. 
17, 1878. 

Henry Marty n Daniel. E. at the Sccundra Orphanage, Agra, and 
dated his conversion from truth received there. 0. at Lucknow by Bi- 
shop Thomson in Dec. 1864. S. Lucknow, 1865 : Hurdui, 1866 : D. at 
Lncknow, in Feb. 1867. 

Melville Cox Elliot. B. in 1839, in Me, U. S. A. E. at the 
Wesleyan Univ. A. in 1869 as a traveller in search of health. The 
climate agreeing with him he engaged in educational work, in Lucknow, 
and in 1870 at Moradabad. In Jan. 1871, he was appointed to Bah- 
raich, but his health failing he proceeded to the Hills, and D. at Almorah 
Aug. 26, 1871, 



208 1ND1AX MISSIONARY 

II. THE SOUTH INDIA MISSION. 

THE name of this Mission was given to distinguish it from 
tho North India Mission of the same Church, rather than to spe- 
cify its geographical situation. It originated chieffy through 
the evangelistic work of the Rev. William Taylor, and was 
formally organized in 1872. At the outset it was less a " Mis- 
sion/' in the usually accepted sense of that word, than a work 
among English-speaking people. Churches were organized, pas- 
tors appointed, and all the customary appliances of regularly es- 
tablished European Churches were brought into use. From the 
beginning, however, it was accepted as the settled aim of the 
organization to use these English congregations as agencies 
through which to reach the outlying masses of the people of 
India, and with a view to developing the largest possible a- 
mount of indigenous help, it was resolved to accept no aid from: 
Missionary Societies. Each pastor was to be supported by the 
people among whom he lived and labored, and it was hoped 
that when in due time Native Churches should be organized, 
they would follow the same example. 

The result of this policy has not, thus far, felly met the 
expectations of those who inaugurated it, and yet it has been 
sufficiently encouraging to confirm therir faith in 1 its final success. 
The claims of the purely English part of the Mission absorb 
most of the time of the missionaries, and hence some of them 
have dome nothing in a direct way among the heathen and 
Mahomedans. It is hoped, however, that from year to year 
many lay members may be induced to undertake informal mis- 
sionary work, as already a goodly number have done with very 
fair success. Meanwhile a Native Church is slowly growing up, 
and the proportion of Native to English members steadily increas- 
es from year to year. Vernacular Sunday-schools have been open- 
ed at various points, and in all the large cities vernacular 
preaching is regularly carried on. An orphanage for both sexes 
has been opened among the Telugus of the Nizam's territory 
and is in a prosperous condition. Thirty-eight ordained minis- 
ters are employed in this Mission and a large number of lay 
preachers assist thorn in their work. A number of young men 
are studying the vernaculars of various parts of India with a 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS. 209 

view to joining the Mission at a future day, and it is also ex- 
pected that Native preachers will from year to year be ordained 
to the work. The present number of communicants is 2,012, 
about one-seventh of whom are Natives. 

[J. M. T.] 



MEMBERS OE THE MISSION. 

BLACKSTOCK, JOHN. B. Ontario, Canada, Sept. 8, 1834. E. Indiana 
Asbury Uiiiv. A. Dec. 18, 1875. S. Bombay, 1876 ; Poona, 1 877-78 > 
Nagpur, 1879-80 ; Madras, 1881. Ad. Madras. 

BOWEN, GEORGE. B. April 30, 1816. A. Jan. 19, 1848, and has 
labored since at Bombay, engaged in preaching, and editing the Bombay 
Guardian. In 1855 resigned his connection with the American Board : 
since 1871 has been connected with the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Ad. Bombay. 

BOVARD, MELVILLE Y. A. 1879. Ad. Julbulpore, C. P. 

BOWSER, WELLINGTON. B. Echo, Penn. U. S. A. Sept. 13, 1852. 
0. D. A. Nov. 27, 1879. S. Cawnpore, Principal Memorial School, 
18SO ; since, Hoorkee. Ad. Roorkee, N. W. P. 

BROWN, WILLIAM D. B. Delhi, April 17, 1850. Not 0. Ad. Hur- 
dah, C. P. 

BRUERE, WILLIAM W. B. Pennington, N. J. U. S. A. Jan. 10, 
1857. A. March 5, 1880, S. Ahmedabad, Poona. Ad. Poona. 

CARTER, EGBERT ELMER. B. in Ohio, TJ. S. A. March 10, 1854. 
0. D. and 0. E. March 20, 1879 at New Castle Del. by Bishop Simpson. 
A. May 19, 1879. S. Rangoon, 1879 ; since, Bangalore. Ad. Banga- 
lore. 

CHRISTIAN, CHRISTOPHER WILLIAM. B. in Bombay, Dec. 24, 1848. 
Called to the ministry in Oct. 1873. 0. at Allahabad by Bishop Harris, 
Jan. 25, 1874. S. Calcutta, from Dec. 1873 to July, 1875 : since, Dar- 
jeeling, Agra, Chadarghat. Ad. Chadaryhat, Deccan. 

CETRTIES, FRANCIS WILLIAM GRANT. B. Kamptee, Aug. 10, 1852. 
O. Bombay, Nov. 1876. S. Jubbulpore, Secunderabad, Madras, Railway 
Lines, Hyderabad, Bellary, Mhow, Allahabad. Ad. Allahabad. 

DAVIS, FRANKLIN GRASSON. B. Gallipolis, Ohio, U. S. A. June 16, 
1844. E. Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. graduating in 1874, 
0. D. Oct. 13, 1872, 0. E. Oct. 20, 1875. Pastoral work in Ohio and 
111. before coming to I. A. June 5, 1876. S. Madras, 1876-77 ; Blacktown, 
Madras, 1878-79 ; since, Secunderabad, W. Engl. M. Jan. 30, 1880. Ad. 
Secunderabad, Deccan. 

Fox, DANIEL ORMSBY. B. Canajoharie, New York, U. S. A. 1835. 
0. 1862. E. North- western Univ. (M. A.) and Garrett Biblical Institute 
Evanston, 111. (B. D ) A.Dec. 1,1872. S. Poona, 1872-75 ; Kurra- 
chee, 1876-78 ; Bombay, 1879 to present: Presiding Elder Bombay Dis- 
trict. Ad. Bombay. 

'27 ' 



2 1 o INDIAN MISSION AR Y DIRECTOR Y. 

GILDER, GEORGE K. 0. at Allahabad, Jan. 25, 1874, by Bishop Har- 
ris. Has labored since at or near Bombay. Ad. Eyutpoora, ' Bombay P. 

GLADWTN, WALLACE JONATHAN. B. Aug. 15, 1842, at Corning, 
New York, U. S-. A. Labored two and a-half years hi the " Christian 
Commission," 1864-66. Entered the ministry in 18G6,, Pastoral work 
in Missouri and Arkanas until 1871. A. Dec. 14, 1871. 8. Cawnpore, 
1872-74, Agra, 1875, Nagpur, 187G; since, Bombay. M. Jan. 3. 1874. 
Ad. Bombay. 

GOODWIN, F. A. A. 1873. S. Kurrachee, 1873-76. since, Calcutta. 
H. to America 1881. Ad. 805 Broadway, New York City, U. S. A. 

JACOBS, S. P. B, Jan. 14, 1837, near Shanesville, Tuscarawas Co., 
Ohio, U. S* A. Converted Jan. 30, 1857. Joined the North Ohio Con- 
ference in Sept. 1860. 0. D. Sept. 7, 1862, by Bishop Scott : O. E. 
Sept. 4, 1864 by Bishop Ames. Pastoral work eighteen years in North 
Ohio and Kansas Conferences. A. March, 1880. S. Calcutta, 1880, 
since, Bombay. Ad. Grant Road, Bombay. 

JANNEY/LEVAN R. B Allowaystown, N. J , U. S. A. March 12, 
1849. E. Ohio Wesleyan Univ. graduating in 1876. O. Sept. 10, 1876, 
by Bishop Ames. A. NoV 6, 1876. S. Allahabad, Jubburpore, Kurra- 
ehee. Ad. Knrrachee, Scindh. 

LEE, DAVID H. B. in Carroll Co,, Ohio, U. S. A., June 29, 1850. 

0. Youngstown, 1875. A. Dec. 11, 1875. S. Agra, 1876, Roorkee, 
1877-78, Darjeeling, 1879, Roorkee, 1880; Bangalore, 1881. Ad. 
Bangalore. 

LTON, JAMES. B. Harwiclc. Scotland, April, 1848. 0. Delaware, 
r. S. A. 1870. A. Nov. 1879. S. Agra and Mhow. Ad. Mhoic, C. P. 

MARTIX, CHARLES A. B. Meadville, Pa. I T . S. A., 1859. Not 0. 
A.Dec. 21, 1880, S. Calcutta, "St. Educational; Principal Calcutta 
Boys' School. Ad. Calcutta. 

MOORE, WILLIAM ARNOLD. B-. Balarum, Hyderabad, July 26, 1857. 
Ad. lieltaryi Madras P. 

MORTON, THOMAS EDWARD FRANK. B. Madras, Feb. 22, 1855. S. 
Bcllary and Railway circuit, 1879-80. Ad. Nagpore, C. P. 

NICHOLS, MILTON HOPKINS. B. Nov. 7, 1835, in Ross Co., Ohio, 
r. S. A. 0. D. Oct. 2, 1870. 0. E. March 3, 1872. Pastoral work in 
111. before coming to I. A Dec. 18, 1875. Noio in America. 

NEWLON, WILLIAM E. A. at the close of 1875. S. Bangalore and 
Madras*. AW in America. 

OAKES, THOMAS HENRY. B. Madras, Sept, 28, 1853. 0. Nov. 12, 
T876. A. 1877. S. Calcutta, 1876; Drew Theol. SenuMadison, N. J., 
r. S. A., 1877-80 ; Calcutta, 1881. Ad. (Jalcuffa. 

OSBORN, WILLIAM B. Pastoral work in IT- S. A. before coming to 

1. A. Xov. 1876. S. Bombay and Madras, Ad. Madras. 

' OSRORNE, DENNIS. B. at Benares, Oct. 11, 1844. M. July 20,1864. 
Was for sixteen years in the service of Government : resigned this to enter 
the ministry. 0. at Lucknow by Bishop Harris Jan. 11, 1874, and ap- 
pointed to Allahabad, where he has ?inco labored. AY. Engl. and Yer. 
A '-I. Allahabad. 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSIONS. 2 I I 

NORTHRUP, JAMES ABRAHAM. B. Cove Spring, Ky., U. S. A. Dec. 
2G, 1848. 0. D. Bloomington, 111. by Bishop Wiley, Sept. 28, 1873. 
O. E. Princeton, 111. by Bishop Merrill, Oct. 14, 1877. A. Dec. 20, 
1877. S. Calcutta, 1878; since. Poona. Ad Popna. 

PETERS, BENJAMIN. B. Madras, July 28, 1844. 0. In Bombay. 
Dec. 19, 1881. Ad. Bunyalore. 

RICHARDS, IRA A. B. in Indiana, F. S. A. Dec. 30, 1854. 0. D. and 
0. E. Sept. 25, 1879, at Akron, Ohio by Bishop Foster. A. Nov. 27, 
1879. S. Bellary, Madras, Bangalore. In charge of M. E. School at 
(Ad). Bangalore. 

BOBBINS, WILLIAM EDWIN. B. Orange Co., Ind. U. S. A. March 8, 
1845. 0. Sept. 8, 1872. A.. Nov. 22, 1872. S. Bombay, Nagpore, 
Poona. Ad. Poona. 

ROBINSON, JOHN EDWD. B. in Ireland in Feb. 1849. Removed 
to America in 1865. Called to the ministry in 1873. 0. in Oct. 1874 : 
A. Dec. 18, 1874. S. Secunderabad and Rangoon. "W. chiefly Eiigl. 
Ad. Rangoon. 

Row, ISAAC FRANCIS. B. Plymouth, Eng. Sept. 23, 1840. 0. D. 
at Worcester, Mass, March 3 1 , 1872 and 0. E. at Boston, April 12, 
1874. Graduate of Boston Theol, Sem. Pastoral work six years before 
coming to I. A. Nov. 9, 1876. S. Bombay, 1876-80 : since, Madras. 
M. Ad. Madras. 

SHA.W, JAMES, B. at Dublin, Ireland, July 12, 1845. A. in 18G6. 
Was appointed a Scripture reader and served as such during the cam- 
paign in Abyssynia. R. to Bombay and labored among the soldiers more 
tiiau four years. 0. at Bombay in Jan. 1874, by Bishop Harris. S. 
Bombay, Secunderabad, Bangalore, Chadarghat, Madras and (Ad). 
Lahore. 

SIIREVES, ORAMIL. B. Columbiana Co., Ohio, U. S. A. Aug. 4, 1847. 
0. D, and 0. E. Lima, Ohio, by Bishop Simpson, in 1879. A. Dec. 27, 
1879. Ad. Bombay. 

STEVENS, WILLIAM H. Ad. Bombay. 

STONE, GEORGE IRVIN. B. Erie, Penn. U. S. A. 1839. 0. A. Dec. 
31, 1879. S. Calcutta. W. among seamen. Ad. Calcutta. 

STONE, J. STJMNER, (M. D.) B. at Wheeling, Ya. U. {?. A. iSoG. 
A. 1880. Ad. Calcutta. 

TAYLOR, WILLIAM. Entered the ministry in early life and preached 
two years in Georgetown, D. C. (U. S. A.) and one year in Baltimore. 
Was then sent, in 1849, as a missionary to California, where he labored 
seven years. From 1856 to 1861 was engaged in evangelistic labors in 
the United States and in Canada. From Canada proceeded to Australia by 
way of Great Britain and Palestine. After laboring here three years he 
went, in 1866, to South Africa where he spent several months in general 
evangelistic labors, returning to London at the close of the year. H) 
afterwards returned to Australia where he spent several years. Camo 
to India in 1870. Labored for a time in North India, and afterward* 
at Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and elsewhere. In 1875 R. to visit 
America, L. (in Engl.) : "The Election of Grace": "The Model 



2 1 2 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

Preacher" : " California Life Illustrated" : " Reconciliation, or How to 
be Saved" : " Infancy and Manhood of Christian Life" : " Seven Years' 
Street Preaching in San Francisco" : " Christian Adventures in South 
Africa" : " Four Years' Campaign in India" : etc. London, Hodder and 
Stoughton: New York, Phillips and Hunt. Ad* No. 805 Broadway, 
New York, U. S. A. 

THOBTJRN, JAMES MILLS. B. March 7, 1836, in Ohio, U. S. A. 
Began preaching in July, 1857. 0. in April, 1859. A. Aug. 21, 1859. 
S. at Nynee Tal till Oct. 1863. H. to America: R. in Jan. 1866. S. 
Garhwal, 1866-67: Moradabad, 1868-69: Lucknow, 1870-73: since, 
Calcutta. To America temporarily in 1876, and in 1880. M. W. has 
been in both Engl. and Ver. Ad. Calcutta. 

WARD, CHARLES BENJAMIN. B. in Kendall Co., 111., IT. S. A. 
March 23, 1853. 0. at Pekin, 111. Sept. 24, 1876. A. Dec. 22, 1876. 
,15. 1877-79, Bellary, since, in charge of Telugu Mission in the North- 
eastern part of the Nizam's Dominions, Ad. Chaderghat, Deccan. 

WOODALL, GEORGE W. A. 1879. Ad. Ahmedabad, Bombay P. 



DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Hiram Torbct. A. in Dec. 1878. Was accidentally killed at 
Bombay, March 12, 1879, by falling into the hold of a ship. 

William Isaacson. B. in India. 0. D. in 1878. S. Allahabad 
and Futtehpore. D.^Dec. 10, 1880. 






CHAPTER XXIII. 
CHRISTIAN VERNACULAR EDUCATION SOCIETY. 



THE Christian Vernacular Education Society for India 
was established in 1858 as a memorial of the Mutiny. Its ob- 
jects are thus defined : " The primary objects of the Society 
shall be to establish in the great towns of India, Christian 
Vernacular Training Institutions, Male and Female, and to sup- 
ply as far as possible in each of the native languages of India, 
school-books and other educational works prepared on Chris- 
tian principles. The General Funds shall be applicable to 
assist in the establishment of vernacular schools in India sup- 
ported by fees, local, or other resources.'' " Instruction in 
English may be given at the discretion of the Local Commit- 
tees/' In 1874 it was decided, in friendly concert with the 
Religious Tract Society to extend the Publication Department 
by adding to educational works, " All books of a healthy mor- 
al tone possessing a Christian tendency, which treat of subjects 
affecting the social or moral improvement of the people, and 
upon which the native mind requires enlightenment/' 

The Society originated with the late Rev. Henry Venn, 
of the Church Missionary Society. Its first regular Secretary, 
and till the day of his death, its warmest friend, was the late 
H. Carre Tucker, Esq., C. B., formerly Commissioner of Bena- 
res. Mr. John Murdoch, Secretary of the South India Christ- 
ian School Book Society, was invited, in 1 858, to become tho 
Society's Agent in India, and the Publication Department soon 
afterwards made a beginning. 

Mr. William Yorke, of the Training College, Westminster, 
was sent out in I860 to train teachers in South India. Mr. 
James S. Haig, of the Free Church Training College, Edin- 
burgh, was sent out in 1863 to Western India. Mr. C. J. Bod- 
gers of the British and Foreign School Society's Training Col- 
lege, London, was sent out in 1864 to the Punjab. 

In 1880 the number of students in the Training Institution 



2 T 4 INDIA N MISSION A R Y DIRECTOR Y. 

at Dindigul, South India, was 47; the Ahmednagar Institution 
had 44 students; and the Amritsar Institution had 33 students. 

Efforts have been made, chiefly in Bengal, to improve 
indigenous schools, through the visits of Christian Inspectors ; 
the native teachers receiving so much per pupil. The Society 
has also day-schools under trained Christian teachers. In 1880 
the number of children under instruction was about 7,000. 

During 1879 there were printed 636,440 copies of ]47 
separate publications. The sales realized Us. 36,768. The 
total number of works published in 1.6 languages is 737 ; the 
total number of copies printed is 8,360,310. 

During the last few years the Society has also taken up 
the work of Colportage. In 1879, forty-two colporteurs were 
employed in India, who sold 141,656 publications, including 
6,615 Scriptures, the proceeds amounting to Us. 5,891. The 
total income of the Society in 1879 amounted to 9,803. 

[J. M.] 



AGENTS OF THE SOCIETY. 

EVANS, I. E. ESQ. Ad. Dindigul, Madras P. 

HAIGK, JAMES S. ESQ. A. 1863. Now in hurope. 

KEYWORTH, E. ESQ. Assistant Principal. Ad. Amritsar, Puniab. 

MURDOCH, JOHN, ESQ. B, at Glasgow, Scotland, in 1819. E. Glasgow 
Univ. In 1844 he went to Ceylon to take charge of the Government Schools 
at Kandy. In 1849 he resigned his connection with Government to de- 
vote himself to the publication of Christian literature, his support being 
kindly undertaken by the Wellington Street Congregation, Glasgow, to 
which he belonged. In 1854 he went to India to obtain catechists to 
labor among the coolies on the coffee estates in Ceylon . This led him 
afterward to visit Madras when the South India Christian School Book 
Society was established. The following year he was recognised as an 
agent of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland. In 1858 he be- 
came the Indian agent of the Christian Vernacular Education Society, 
still retaining his connection with his own Church. In 1867, in addi- 
tion to his previous duties he became Indian agent of the Religious 
Tract Society. The honorary degree of LL. D. was conferred on him 
by the Univ. of Glasgow in 1871. The following ai - e his principal pub- 
lications : a Series of School Books : the Indian Missionary Manual : the 
Indian Student's Manual : Catalogue of the Christian Vernacular Liter- 
ature of India : Hints on the Management of Tract Societies in India : 
with a number of tracts and pamphlets. Ad. Madras. 

HODGERS, CHARLES JAMES ESQ. B. at Wilne, Derbyshire, April 10, 
1838. A. Dec. 15, 1863. H. 1874-75. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab. 



CHAPTER XA r IV. 
THE RAJPOOTANA MISSION. 

THE Missionary Society of the United Presbyterian Church 
in Scotland began its operations in India in the year 1860, se- 
lecting Rajpootana as its field of labor. This region was alto 1 * 
gether unoccupied, and the subsequent history of the Mission 
thus planted shows the wisdom of the choice. The fiist mis- 
sionary was the Rev. William Shoolbred, who arrived in Octo- 
ber, 1859 : the first station occupied was Beawr. An orphan- 
age was formed here, and also a church now the largest in 
the Mission. Mr. Shoolbred was joined in 1860 by the Rev. 
Messrs. Martrn and Robson, as-d other stations were soon 
occupied. Nusseerabad was taken up in 1861 : Ajmere, in Feb- 
ruary, 1862 : Todgurh, in December, 1863 : Jeypore, in 1866 : 
Deolee, 1871 : Ashapura, 1872; Oodeypore, 1877 : Ulwar, 1880. 

Great attention has been paid by the members of this 
Mission to the healing of the sick : at present there are four 
medical missionaries in connection with the Mission. Ifispen- 
saries have been opened at Beawr, Ajmere, Ntisseera&axl, and 
Oodeypore. In the four during the year 1880, no lesu than 
85,000 cases, new and old, were treated. Both medical and 
other missionaries attach much importance to itinerations, and 
have thus been enabled to spread throughout many towns and 
villages of Rajpootana a knowledge of the Redeemer's name. 
A lithographic press is located at Beawr and is kept constantly 
employed. A number of popular tracts have been published. 
Orphanages were established in five of the seven stations; in 1880 
these were a-ll united in one, at Beawr which contains 109 
orphans. There were also in 1880, 83 schools with a total 
attendance ( including orphans-) of 3,375 : and 28 Sunday- 
schools attended by 1,364 children. 

The number of Native Christians in 1880 was 601, and 
of communicants 360. The Society has in India 14 missionaries 
(including three in Europe), an in-crease of 5 siace 1871. 



2l6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

MISSIONARIES, ACTIVE, RETIRED AND DECEASED. 



NAME. 


AERITEB IN INDIA. 


ADDRESS, OR REMARKS. 


BONNAR, WILLIAM, 1 


January, 1870 


Deoli, Rajpootana. 


CLARK, W., M. D. 


Do., 1873 


Nusseerabad, do. 


GLAEDON, ATTGTJSTE, 


Do., 1862 


Retired in 1866. 


GRAY, JAMES, 


December, 1863 


Ajmere, Rajpootana. 


GRAY, A.LX 


Do., 1875 


Nusseerabad, do. 


HENDBIE, J- 


January, 1870 


Retired. 


HUSBAND, J., M. D. 


December, 1870 


Noiv in Europe. 


JAMESON, ALEX. P. C. 2 


October, 1873 


Uhvar, Rajpootana. 


MACALISTER, GEORGE, 


January, 1872 


Beater, do. 


MARTIN, WILLIAM, 


November, IS GO 


Asliapoora, do. 


MARTIN, GATIN, 


December, 1873 


Died in 1874. 


McQuisTAN, JOHN, ESQ. 


... 


Ajmere, Rajpootana. 


ROBB, W. 


November, 1862 


Now in Europe. 


R.OBSON, J. 


Do., 1860 


Retired in 1871. 


SHEPHERD, JAMES, M. D. 3 ... 


January, 187G 


Oodeypore, Rajpoot. 


SHOOLBRED, W. 


October, 1859 


Beawr, do. 


SOMMERVILLE, J. M. D. 




Ajmere, do. 


TttAILL, J. 


Tanuary, 1870 


fey pore, do. 



1 B. in Fifeshire, Scotland, 1842. 0. Oct. 1869. S. 1870, Nus- 
seerabad, since, Deoli. H. 1874-76. 

2 B. at Manchester, Oct. 16, 1847.0-1873. S. Todgurh, Beawr, 
Ulwar. 

3 B. Feb. 2, 1847. 0. Oct. 28, 1880. S. Deoli, 1873, Ajmere. 
1874-76, Deoli, 1877 ; since, Oodeypore. 



CHAPTER XXV, 
THE DANISH EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SOCIETY. 

TUB old Danish Missionary Society, which sent out the 
first Protestant missionaries bo India, having been dissolved, 
a new Society was founded in the year 1826. This Society 
had for many years no Missions in India, as its former field of 
operations with Tranquebar as its centre had been made over 
to the Leipzig Lutheran Society. In 1863 it entered into 
connection with the Rev. C. Ochs, who had opened a mis- 
sion in the South Arcot District. Soon after, several mis- 
sionaries were sent out to assist him,, and he was supported by 
funds from Denmark till his death, when he left his station at Pat- 
tambaukam as the property of the Danish Society. Since, the 
Society has operated in the South Arcot District, where it now 
has two stations and several out-stations. Work at Madras 
has also been taken up. 

The following statistics ( December, 1880) are about the 
same as those for 1871 : Foreign missionaries, 3 : Native Christ- 
ians, 50: Communicants, 23. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

IHLE, A. Ad. Trikalur , Madras P. 

JENSOX, HERMAN, B. Aug. 11, 1842, in Denmark. Studied in the 
Mission Institution at Copenhagen. A. in Sept. 1872. (X in Trikalur 
in Jan. 1876. S. Trikalur and Madras. Ad. Madras. 

SCHLKSCH, CHR. Ad. Trikalur, Madras P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Carl Ernst Christopher Ochs. B. Feb. 10, 1812, at Greglineng, 
Wurtemberg. E. at Dresden Seminary. 0. at Grei/, April 27, 1842 : 
A. Dec. 11, 1842. M. in Dec. 1846. H. April 3, 1855 to Dec. 28, 1856. 
Left the Leipzig Mission June 2, 1859, and began a mission of his own. 
In 1863 joined the Danish Lutheran Society ; established a new station 
at Pattumbaukam, where he died, Nov. 16, 1873. 

Peder Anderson. B. June 30, 1835, on the Island Fyen. IL in the 
Mission List., at Copenhagen. A. Dec. IS, 1865. 0. in the 'Lutheran 
Church at Pattambaukam. 11. to Denmark in 1876. 

Niels Thomsen. A. Dec. 18, 1865. 0. in Pattambaukam, Nov. 1, 
1868 Left the Mission in 18G9. Is now a minister in U.S.A. 

Jesper A. Pedersen. B. E. andO. in Denmark. A. Feb. 17, 1871 
Left the Mission Sept. 1874. 

23 



CHAPTER XXVI. 
HERMANNSBURG EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SOCIETY. 

THIS Society began its operations in India by sending 
ont in 1865 the Rev. A. Mylius to establish a Mission. He 
proceeded to the Nellore district and in 1866 occupied Naidu- 
pett. In the same year he was joined by two other laborers : 
others subsequently arrived. Gudur was occupied in 1867; 
Venkatagiri, in 1868: Yakadu, in 1870; Rapur, in 1872; Ka- 
lastry, in 1873^: Tirupati, in 1877. The Native Christian 
community is steadily increasing. 

The following statistical items (1880) indicate the pro- 
gress since 1871: 

Stations occupied, 9 : ... increase, 3 

Foreign missionaries, 8 : ... do. 

Native Christians, 714: ... do. 515 

Communicants, 331 : ... do. 302 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

KIEHJJE, A. A. 1871. H. 1878-79. Ad. Naidupett, Madras P. 

MiLirs, AUGUST. B. Nor. 20, 1819, at Baneik, Hanover. E. at 
Gottingen: 0. at Ratzeburg, 1846. A. in connection with the Leipzig 
Society March 5, 1847 : 11. to Europe, sick in 1847. Rt. in 1866 as 
Senior to the Hermann sburg Society and has labored since at Naidupett. 
Ad. Naidupett, Madras P. 

PETERSEN, THOMAS FKIEDRICH. B. Haderleben, Germany, Dec. 
17, 1838. 0. Hanover, 1866. A. Sept. 2, 1866. S. Gudur, 1*867-72; 
Venkatagiri, 1872.75: Naidupett, since 1878. H. to Germany, 1875-77, 
L. Biblical History, Telugu. Ad. Naidupett, Madras P. 

PETERSES, PACL OTTO. B. in Schleswig, Germany, Jan. 24, 1844. 
O.Hanover, March 12, 1875: A. Sept. 26, 1875. S. Naidupett and 
Tirupati. Ad. Tirupati. Madras P. 

RAMMEE, HEISRICH. B. Hanover, Deo. 16, 1851. A. Jan. 24, 
1880. 0. Naidupett, Jx;ne 24, 1880. Ad. Tirupati, Madras P. 

SCHEPMAN, G. A. 1871. Ad. Kalastry, Madras P. 

SCRIBA, CARL. B. in Germany. 0. July 22, 1867. A, Feb. 22, 
1868. S. Gudur, 1868-69, since, Sulurpett. Ad. Sulurpett, Madras P. 

"NVoRRLEix. J< 'HAN*. B. atWindsheim, Bavaria, Oct. 22, 1837. E. 
at the Mission Institute, Hermanneburg ; ordained by the General Super- 
intendent, Dr. Niemann, at Hanover, July 22, 1867/ A. Feb. 21, 1868. 
M. Oct. 24, 1873. S. Calastry, Feb. 1873 to June, 1877; Tirupati, 
1877-79, since, Yakadu. Ad. f'akadu, Madras P, 



CHAPTER XXVII. 
FRIENDS' FOREIGN MISSION ASSOCIATION. 

THE first missionary of this Society sent to India was Miss 
Rachel Metcalfe, to Benares in October, 1866. Three years 
later Mr. Elkanah Beard and his wife from America joined the 
Mission, but on account of ill health were obliged to return 
home in 1872. The Mission had meanwhile been transferred 
to Jubbulpore. Mr. Charles Gay ford came out in 1873, and in 
1874 the Mission was moved to Sohagpur. Here one of the 
first conversions took place, that of a young Brahmin. The 
Mission was finally fixed in 1875 at Hoshungabad, the im- 
portant towns of Sohagpur, Itarsi, and Seonee being still 
frequently visited for bazaar preaching. The foundation stone 
of the mission-house at Hoshungabad was laid early in 1876. 
Mr. Gayford left for England in the spring of 1879. The Mis- 
sion had meanwhile been strengthened by the arrival from 
England of Mr. Samuel Baker and Mr. John H. Williams in 
December, 1878. There are now 13 Native members. Boys' 
and Girls' day-schools and Sunday-schools are in full operation, 
aud a handsome church-building has been erected in the city, 
which was opened in November, 1880. 

[H. S. N.] 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

BAKER, SAMUEL. B. Clontarf, Dublin, April 21, 1856. Not 0. A. 
Dec. 1878. Ad. Hoshungabad^ C. P* 

WILLIAMS, JOHN HANDAYSIDE. B at Edinburgh, Feb. 22, 1841. A 
Dec. 1878. Not 0. Ad. Hoshungabad, C. P. 

RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Elkanah Beard. A. 1869. S. Benares. Ret. to America in 1872. 
Charles Gayford. A. 1873, S. Jubbulpore and Hoshungabad. Ret. 
to Eng. in 1870. 



CHAPTER XXVIII. 
THE INDIAN HOME MISSION TO THE SANTALS. 

THIS interesting and flourishing Mission was begun in 1867 
by the Rev. Messrs. Boerresen and Skrefsrud, the one a Dane, 
the other a Norwegian. It is not connected with any Mission- 
ary Society. Concerning its methods of work and present 
status one of the missionaries gives the following account : 

'" We work on the principle of preaching: to coneentrata 
our labor in a certain limited circle, hoping when the people 
therein are Christianized they will spread the Gospel of their own 
accord in all directions, the circle being our stronghold : we 
endeavor to get the converts (who are not taken to the station 
but remain in their villages and callmg) to -extend the King- 
dom of Christ gratis: we attach ourselves in our preaching 
to the traditions of the people in which traces are found of the 
original light of God. We have almost exclusively Christian 
Bchools : we believe in the missionary living only in tho very 
midst of the people, not ia civil stations, hence we live by our- 
selves surrounded only by Santals : we do not direct our 
preaching to tho individual principally, but to the individual 
as one of the people, i. e. our endeavor is to impress the people 
" Ye men of Santalistan" and get them to act and react 
upon one another. By a council some five or six years ago we 
got the heathen to agree not to put the Christians out of the 
community, but to eat with them and even to intermarry 
if any one should choose to do so, on the principle that 
the Christians worship the creator of heaven and earth, of 
which their traditions tell : our Christians do not intermarry 
with them (they keep the heathen partner) but by heathen 
decree it is open to them. We have a nominal Christian 
population of about 6,000: commmunicants, about 2, ICO. The 
Christians live in about 150 villages and are divided into 
30 churches : the Christian Government Patshala masters look 
after them and hold service gratis. We have two ordained 
Santal helpers : 30 Elders who visit all the churches ; and 10 



THE INDIAN ROUE MISSION. 221 

Deaconesses to visit their own sex; the first of these get two 
rupees a month for a time and the latter, one rupee : these are 
the only ones paid for religious work, and as we are getting 
better off Elders and the churches stronger we will do away 
with even this pay. 

We have one principal station, Ebenezer, and five out- 
stations : three missionaries and two European school-masters 
two training schools, one containing 55 boys, the other 63 
girls; and 32 village schools. Grammar, Dictionary, school- 
books, works on Traditions and Institutions have been prepar- 
ed, but not all printed, as is the case with the New Testament 
and a larg-er Hymn-book witii notes. A printing-press was 
presented to the Mission in 1880 by friends at home." 

[L. O. S.] 

The statistics mentioned above indicate the following pro- 
gress since 1871 : 

Native Ordained Agents, 2 : increase, 2 

Native Christians, 7,000 : do. 6,965 

Communicants, 2,756 : do. 2,065 

MISSIONARIES OF THE MISSION. 

BOERRESEN, Hiss PETER. B. in Copenhagen, !S T ov. 29,1825. 0. 
in Corenhagen. A. in connection with Gossner's Society, April 6, 1865. 
In 1867 helped to found the Santal Mission. Has since labored at Ebe- 
nezer. H. to Europe, 1876-77. Is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Mission. Ad. Ebenezer, (via llampore Haut, E. 1. II.) Bengal. 

BUNKHOLDT, W. T. A. in Dec. 1874 to labor as a school-master. 
Is a Norwegian. Ad. Ebenezer, Bengal. 
JENSEN, M. C. Ad. Asanbani, Bengal. 

MUSTON, HARINGTON JAMES. B. at Midnapore, July 11, 1846. 
A.Dec. 11, 1866, joined the Mission Feb 26, 1878. Has labored since 
at Ebenezer. Ad. Ebenezer, Bengal. 

SEERAM. 0. in 1875. Ad, Aludoha, Ebenezer, Bengal. 
SKREFSTTRD, L. 0. A. in connection with Gossner's Society in 1865. 
In 1867 became one of the founders of the Santal Mission. Has prepar- 
ed a Grammar, Dictionary and several other books in Santali. In 1873 
failing health compelled him to proceed to Europe on furlough : It. in 
Dec. 1874. Ad. Ebenezer, (via llampore Haut, E. I. 11.) Bengal. 
SOORJOO. O. in 1875. Ad. Nay a Dumka, Ebenezer, Bengal. 



CHAPTER XXIX. 
THE CANADIAN BAPTIST TELUGU MISSION^ 

THIS Mission was established about 3868 by the Rev. 
Thomas Gabriel, who resigned a Government situation and 
began traveling among the villages and preaching to the Telu- 
gus, being dependent upon his own resources. In 1870 he 
was ordained as an evangelist at Madras. He continued to 
labor, and his membership increased to 150, with several teach- 
ers and preachers. Funds failing, the Mission was offered 
through the Rev. J. McLaurin to the Baptists of Canada, who 
took it up and appointed Mr. McLaurin to Cocanada in March, 
1874. 

The Mission became more distinctly Canadian in 1875, by 
the co-operative union entered into by the Baptists of the West- 
ern and Maritime Provinces of the dominion, which resulted in 
sending out four families. These with the missionaries from 
Western Canada constitute the " Canadian Baptist Telugu 
Mission/' 

The work of the Mission is now carried on in various places 
from the Kistna river to Orissa and in the Jeypore country. 
Five stations have been occupied. 

The following statistics indicate the progress since 
1871 : 

Foreign Missionaries, 7 : increase 7. 

Native Christians, 1,000 do. 900. 

Communicants, 473 do. 430. 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSIOX. 

ARMSTRONG, W. F. A. 1875. S. Chicacole. Now in Europe. 

CHURCHILL, GEORGE. B. Hartford, Nova Scotia, Jan. 18, 1842. 0. 
Aug. 12, 1873. A. July 10, 1875. S. first Siam, afterwards, Bobbili. H. 
to Australia, 1876. Ad. Eobbili, Vizagapatam, Madras P. 

CRAIG, JOHX. B. Yorkville, Canada, June 4, 1852. 0. Nov, 17, 
1876. A. Jan. 4, 1878. S. Cocanada, 1878-80, Akidu, since Xov. 1880. 
Ad. Akidu, GodavcrTf, Madras I\ 



CANADIAN BAPTIST MISSION. 



223 



CTTRRIK, GEORGE F. B. Fredericton, N. B., March 8,1844. O.at 
Andover, N". B. July 29, 1874. A. Feb. 12, 1876. S. Cocanada, 1876, 
Tuni, 1878. Ad Turn, Godarery, Madras P. 

McLAURLN, JOHN. B. Aug. 9, 1839, Carleton County, Ontario, Cana- 
da. Called to the ministry in 1863. Graduated at Col. in 1868. O. 
July 24, 1868. M. Oct. 12, 1869. Pastoral work at home between 
one and two years. A. Feb. 11, 1870. Labored in connection with the 
A. B. M. U. at Ramapatam two years, and at Ongole two years : work, 
wholly ver. In March, 1874, took charge of the mission at Cocanada, 
where he has since labored, teaching and preaching both in Engl. and ver. 
Ad. Cocanada, Madras P. 

SANFORD, ROTUS. B. Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, April 7, 1842. 0. 
Billtown, Cornwallis, Aug. 20, 1873. A. at Rangoon Jan. 21, 1874, at 
Cocanada, July 24, 1875. Ad. Bimlipatam, Madras P. 

TIMPANY, AMERICAS V. B. Dec. 21, 1840, at Vienna, Ontario, Cana- 
da. Licensed in 1860. Took literary and Theol. courses at "Woodstock, 
Ontario. Pastoral work for two years in "Western Ontario. 0. at Brant- 
ford Oct. 14, and M. Oct. 15, 1867. A. in connection with A. B. M. U. 
Aprils, 1868. S. Nellore, 1868-70: llamapatam, 1870-76: In 1876 
joined the Canabian Mission. W. ver. L. " Compendium of Theology" 
(Telugu), Madras. Ad. Cocanada, Madras P. 



DECEASED NATIVE PREACHER. 

Thomas Gabriel. Converted early in life and joined the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church t Rajamandry. He was at this time connected with 
the telegraph department. While in Madras, in 1867, he united with 
the Baptist Church. On returning to Cocanada he began preaching and in 
order to devote himself wholly to this work he resigned his position. He 
joined the mission of the Plymouth Brethren at Nursapur, where he la- 
bored about a year. After this he labored independently. O. as an 
evangelist at Madras in 1.870, and continued to labor at Cocanada until his 
death, Jan. 1. 1875. 



CHAPTER XXX. 
THE GERMAN EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

THE German Evangelical Mission Society in the United 
States of America was organized in 1866. It is supported by 
German Congregations of different denominations, as Germans, 
Dutch Reformed, German Presbyterians and Evangelicals, etc 
Its operations are confined to India, where it began its labors 
in 1869, sending the Rev. Oscar Lohr to open the Mission. He 
arrived at Raepore, Central Piovinces in 1869, and bought a 
tract of waste land about 36 miles distant, and built mission 
houses : he collected a number of young Chamars who were 
trained as school-masters and are now, after having been con- 
verted, employed as school-masters, readers and catechists. A 
colony of Christian cultivators was also founded, and several 
schools established in surrounding villages. Since 1870 four mis- 
sionaries sent out to assist Mr. Lohr, have been obliged on ac- 
count of sickness to leave the country. A mission was sub- 
sequently opened at Raepore. 

The following statistics (for 1880) denote the progress 
since 1871 : 

Missionaries, 2 : increase. 

Native Christians, 330 : do. 256 

Communicants, 12-5 : do. 106 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

LOHR, THEODORE OSCAR. B. in Silesia, Prussia, March 24, 1824. In 
1S50 was sent to I. by the Rev. Mr. Gossner to join the Mission among 
the Kols in Chota Nagpore, where he labored until the Mutiny in 1858. 
Went that year to America and labored as minister of the German Re- 
formed Church in the state of New Jersey. In 1868 was sent out again 
to India by the German Evangelical Society (TJ. S. A.) to establish a 
Mission in some part of India unoccupied by any Society. A. in Raepore 
May, 1869, where he has since labored. W. entirely ver. L. (1) A, 
Hi'ndee Catechism: (2) A Hindee Hymn-book: (3) A Hindee Primer: 
Mission Press, Bisrampore. Ad. Bisrampore, (Raepore District} C. P. 

STOLL, A. Ad. Raepore, C. P. 

RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 
J. Hauser, A. in 1873. II. to America in 1876. 
J. J. Weiss. A. in 1874. II. to America in 1876. 



CHAPTER 
THE CANADIAN PRESBYTERIAN MISSION, 

TUB Presbyterian Church in Canada was formed June 
15, 1875 by the union of four branches of the Presbyte- 
rian denomination, representing in the Eastern and Western 
Provinces respectively the Church of Scotland and the 
non-established Presbyterian Churches of the parent coun- 
tries. Before the union, missionaries from two of these 
had at different times laboured in India in connection with- 
other churches, and three had Missions in the South Seas and 
elsewhere, but they had no Mission in India. Steps were- 
however being taken in that direction, the largest of the four 
having had Indore State suggested to it as a field by other- 
Missions in India, and the matter having so far been taken up- 
that the Rev. J. F. Campbell, one of the present staff, had beea 
invited to become the first missionary. Circumstances at the time- 
prevented, and in June, 1875- he was appointed so labour in- 
alliance with the Church of Scotland among the educated native* 
in Madras, on which work he entered in December, 187(>. 

Meanwhile the Rev, J. M. Douglass was appointed 
to the projected mission in Central Innia; : he arrived in 
Bombay in December, 187G, and in Indore in January, 
1877. Mr. Campbell, ID accordance with his instructions- 
finding that he was more needed in the new field, in July of 
the same year removed to Mhow. In December, 1879 the Mission* 
was strengthened by the coming of the Rev. Johu Wilkie. 

The field is large and populous and the people general- 
ly accessible. The work is prosecuted by the same moans as in 
other Missions; preaching, schools, zenana visitation, itinerancy, 
dissemination of Scriptures and tracts, and the dispensing of 
medicines the last especially by Mr. Wilkie who took a par tin 1 
Medical course in Edinburgh. A Press was early started by 
Mr. Douglass in Indore which has been employed principally in 
printing small portions of scripture for gratuitous distribution. 
Ten adults and thirteen children have been baptized. About 
thirty Native Christians are connected with the Mission. 

[J. F. C.] 
28 



226 INDIAN MISSIONAEY DIBECTORY, 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

CAMPBELL, JAMES ERASER. B. Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Canada, Oct. 
16,1845. 0. Oct. 19, 1871. A.Dec. 6,1876. S. Madras, until May, 
1877, since, Mhow. Ad. MJiow, C. P. 

DOUGLASS, J. M. A. in Dec. 1876. Began the Mission at Indore in 
Jan. 1877. Ad. Indore, C. P. 

WILKIB, JOHN. B. Eifeshire, Scotland, Aug. 2, 1851. 0. Guelph, 
Canada, Sept. 10, 1879.A. Dec. 22, 1879. Ad, Indore, (7. f. 



CHAPTER XXXII. 
SWEDISH EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 

THIS Society has its head quarters at Stockholm. In 1877 
it sent to India four missionaries, who spent some time at 
Chindwara, studying the vernacular. At the close of 1878 
two stations were occupied, Saugor and Narsinghpur. Another 
laborer arrived in 1878, and a sixth, in 1880. 

A vernacular school has been opened at Saugor. At pre- 
sent the Native Christian community consists of 8 ; of whom 5 
are communicant?. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

CARLSSON, P. A. Dec. 1880. Ad. Narsinghpur, C< P. 

DANIELSSON, ANDERS GFSTAF. B. "YVestgotland, Sweden, Dec. 23, 
1849, E. Mission Col. Stockholm. A. Dee. 14, 1877. Not 0. Ad 
Saugor, C. P. 

EDMAN, L. A. B. Dec. 1877. Ad. flarsinghpur, C< P. 

ERIKSSOK, E. M. A. Dec. 1877. Ad. Do. Do. 

LTTNDBORG, N. E. A. Dec. 1878, Ad, Do. Do. 

UNGERTH, L. E. A. Dec. 1877. Ad. Saugor, C. l\ 



CHAPTER XXXI II. 

PRIVATE AND INDEPENDENT MISSIONS. 
J. THE GODAVERY DELTA MISSION. 

THE idea of this Mission originated with the late Mr, A.N. 
.'Groves, who, returning to England from India about 1834, induc- 
ed Messrs. William Bowdon and George Beer to .come to In- 
dia and labor among the Telugus. They arrived at Masuli- 
pataru in August 1836, and in 1837 began the Mission at Narsa- 
pur. They continued preaching and teaching six years before 
the first convert was gained. There has been a gradual increase 
in the number of converts since. 

Mr. Beer died in 1853 and Mr. Bowden, in 187G : they 
liave been succeeded by their sons. 

An Anglo vernacular school has been established at Narsa- 
pur : also a Boardiug-school. There are several village schools. 
A monthly Telugu newspaper is conducted by one of the mis- 
sionaries. 

The stjrtistics ai>e about the same as in 1871 : there are six 
European missianaries (ujiordainedj : 1,000 Native Christians: 
350 co LU muni cants. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 
EER, OHAULKS HENKT. A. 1S66. Ad. Karsapur, Madias P. 

:BKKR, JOHN- WILI/IAM. A. 1861. Ad. Do. Do. 

BORDEN, EDWIN SKINSER. B. in Masulipatajn, Oct. 26, 1845. 
"Went to Eng. in 1851. lit. 1870. Joined the Mission in June, 1876. 
Ad. Narsapur, Madras /'. 

HEELIS, THOMAS. Joined the Mission in 1855. ~VY. preaching. Ad 
2\urscipitt\ Madras I'. 

MACKAE, F. A. Dec. 1S7G. Ad. Narsapur, Madias P. 

MILES, E. Joined the Mission Jan. 1881. Ad. Do. Do. 



II. THE EAMPOBE BAULEAH MISSION. 

THIS Mission was founded in 1862 by the Rev. Bihari Lai 
f^ingb (vide p.. 128), on behalf of the Presbyterian Church of 
ion-laud. He labored here twelve years aud died in 1874. Af- 
er his death the Mission was without a missionary four years. 



PRIVATE AND INDEPENDENT MISSIONS. 229 

At the close of 1877, Dr. D. Morison arrived and has since had 
charge. At present the Native Christian community numbers 32 : 
communicants, 18. There are several schools with 164 pupils. 
In addition to evangelistic work there are two dispensaries. 



MISSIONARY IN CHARGE. 

MORISON, DONALD. (M. B. 0. M.) B. Starnoway, (Island of Lewis) 
Scotland, 1846. JNot 0. A. Dec. 6, 1877. S. Rampore Bauleah, 
Bengal. 

III. THE PUNRUTTI MISSION. 

THIS Mission was commenced in May, 1871, by Mr. C. W. 
Reade. It was at first carried on by Native helpers : after- 
wards Miss C. M. Reade (accompanied by Miss Lowe) came 
out from England and took charge of the work. An orphanage 
has been established and a dispensary opened: there are two out 
stations. Much attention is given to open-air preaching. The 
Mission is conducted en the principles of the Plymouth Brethren. 

At present the Native Christian community numbers 36 : 
communicants, 28. Miss C. M. Reade has charge of the 
Mission. Ad. Punrutti, Arcot, Madras P. 



-o- 



IV. THE SEONI MISSION. 

AXDERSON, GEOEGE. 0. 1871. A Dec. 13, 1871, being sent out by 
the Original Secession Synod of Scotland. Founded the Seoni Mission 
in 1871. W. has been chiefly ver. also, some Engl. preaching. An orpha- 
nage was formed in 1875. The number of Native Christians in 1&80 was 
34. H. to Europe Sept. IS, 1879. Ad. Seoni, (Chhapara) C. P. 

V. THE GOPAL GUNGE MISSION. 

BOSK, MATHOOBA NATH. B. in Jessore, 1843. 0. in the Free Mis- 
sion Church, Calcutta, March 2, 1874. Set apart to labor among the 
Chandals of Gopalgunge, Farreedpore, where he has since been stationed. 
During the year 1875 he baptized 11 persons, who form the nucleus of 
a Christian community. At present there are 6 Native Christians, of 
whom 30 are communicants. Ad. Gopalgunge, Bengal, 

VI. THE ELLICBPOOR MISSION. 
THIS Mission was commenced in 1875 by the Rev. A. 
Norton. During 1875, 20 Koorkoos were baptized. Another 
laborer arrived in 1878 and the work was extended. An or- 
phanage has been established. At present there are 11 Native 
Christians conaeckd with the Mission. 



2^0 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

NORTON, ALBERT. E. at Evanston, 111. U. S. A., graduating from 
the Northwestern Univ. and, in 1872, from Garrett Biblical Institute. 
A. in Nov. 1872, being connected with the Methodist Episcopal Church 
Mission. Labored several months at Bombay and afterwards in Central 
India. In 1874-75 he opened an independent mission at Ellichpoor, 
withdrawing from the Methodist Church. H. to America in Aug. 1879. 
Ad. Alabama, Genesee Co., N. Y., U. S. A. 

SIBLET, JAMES WILLIE. B. Litchfield, Ohio, U. S. A., 1847. 0". 
Litchfield, 1877. A. March, 1878. Ad. Ellichpoor, E. Berar. 

Til. BETHEL MISSION, JAMTARA. 

HAEGERT, ALBERT RUDOLPH ERNST. Born November 2, 1844, 
at Auclam, Germany. Arrived in India May 21, 1868. Was engaged 
in business four years and left the Public Worn s Department in January, 
1873 to join the Indian Home Mission to the Santals. In April, 1875 
opened an' independent mission among the Santals, at Bethel. During 
1875 baptized 15 persons. The Mission is supported by private funds 
and- subscriptions. It now, has 1 training and 2 village schools, 1 church, 
1 Native pastor and 15 Native Christians. Address, Bethel, (near Jam- 
tara) Bengal. 

o ' 

VHI. MISSION TO LEPERS IN INDIA. 

THIS Mission was commenced by Mr. W. C. Bailey, a mis 
sionary of the Church of Scotland, in March, 1878: head-quar- 
ters, Dublin. Its objects are, to relieve the sufferings of, and 
preach the Gospel to, lepers in India : the work is carried on by 
aiding existing Leper Asylums in connection with various Mis- 
sions and building other Asylums where necessary. At present 
operations are carried on at Chumba, Almorah, Sabathu and 
Ainballa. In all there are 105 Native Christians, connected 
with the Various Missions laboring in these places. Mr. "W. C. 
Bailey is Hon. Sec. for India. Ad. Chumba, Himalayas. 

IX, FREE METHODIST CHURCH MISSION. 
THIS Church (U. S. A.) has no Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety. In 1880, however, it sent its first missionary to India, 
the Rev. E. F. Ward. At present he is at Ellicbpoor, studying 
the language, and has not yet decided what field to occupy. 



MISSIONARY IN CHARGE. 

WARD, E. F. B. at Elgin, 111., U. S. A., April 25, 1853. 0. Oct. 10, 
1880. A. Jan. 16, 1881. Ad. Ellichpoor, E. Berur. 



PRIVATE AND INDEPENDENT MISSIONS. 2 3 1 

X. THE AGRA MEDICAL MISSION. 

YALENTINE, COLIN STRACHAN. (L. R. C. S. Ed., L. R. C. P. Ed.) 
B. Brechin, Forfarshire, Scotland, June 7, 1834. A. as Medical mission- 
ary of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, Nov. 12, 1861. S. 
Beawar, 1862-66, Jeypore, 1866-78. Went to Scotland in 1879. R. 
to I. in 1881, as Superintendent, Agra Medical Missionary Training Insfc. 
L. Several Hindi and Urdu Tracts. Ad. Agra, 

XI. OTHERS. 

BANEBJEA, CHANDRA NATH. B. Kalighat, 1836. E. at L. M. S. Inst. 
Calcutta, (B. A. 1871). 0. in connection with L. M. S. at Union Cha- 
pel, Calcutta, 1860. S. Behala, 1860-69; self-supporting missionary 
at Allahabad, five years : for several years has served as Pastor 
of an Independent Bengali Congregation at Calcutta. L. Bengali, 
" Khrisfca Sangit," a hymn-book, and " Beerangona Upakhayan," a brief 
account 'of Indian Female celebrities. Edited one year " Pakhik Sambad" 
a Bengal Periodical, and one year " Bongo-Meheer" and " Satya Pra- 
deep," (Lamp of Truth) three years. Translated, for C. V. E. S. " Hints 
on Education," and "Third Book." Ad. Bhotvanipore, Calcutta. 

HOBBS, WILLIAM AYERS. B. Margate, Kent, April 12, 1828. O. 
Margate, July, 1859. A. Dec. 11, 1859. S. Jessore 1859-69 ; H. to 
Eng. 1869-71 ; Beerbhoom, 1871-76. Resigned in 1876 on account of 
bad health. Rt. 1879 as a private missionary. L. (1) "Christ- 
ianity God's Revelation to man " (in Engl.) ; (2) " The Gospel in Twenty 
paragraphs " (Engl. and Bengali) ; (3) " An aid to Light and Life," 
(Engl. and Bengali) ; Calcutta. Ad. Calcutta. 

SCTTDDER, HENRY MARTYN ESQ., M. D. B. March 23, 1851, at Arcot. 
E. in America, receiving the degree of M. D. in July, 1874. M. 1873. A. 
Nov. 18, 1874. S. Ranipett, 1874-80 in charge of civil and mission 
dispensary. W. Engl. and yer. Left the Mission Oct. 1, 1880. Ad. Coon- 
oor, Madras P. 



CHAPTER XXXIV. 
DISCONTINUED MISSIONS. 
I. MADRAS MISSION, AMERICAN BOARD*. 
THIS Mission was founded in 183G, the Rev. Messrs; 
Winslow and Scudder being designated by the Ceylon Mission 
to open the work. They arrived in Madras in September, 
]836, and took up their residences, the one at Chintadrepettah r 
the other at Royapuram. Dr. Scudder devoted himself chiefly 
to preaching tours, and Mr. Winslow was mainly employed on= 
a revision of the Tamil Scriptures. In 1838 a printing estab- 
lishment was purchased of the Church Missionary Society, and; 
in 1840, Mr. Hunt arrived as a printer. Thousands of Scrip- 
ture portions in various native languages were printed at the- 
expense of Bible and Tract Societies. In 1842 a church was 
erected at Royapuram. About this time the Mission was rein- 
forced from Ceylon and Madura. In 1848 a house of worship 
was opened at Chintadrepettah. Including children the two 
congregations at Madras numbered 1,000. Dr. Scudder and 
Mr. Winslow continued the chief workers of the Mission. The 
former while recruiting his health at the Cape of Good Hope 
ended his labors in January, 1855. In the same year Mr. 
Winslow visited Amei-ica, returning in 1858. About 1855 the 
English portion of the printing establishment was sold. The- 
vernacular department was carried forward with great energy 
and success. In 1858 the printing of the Scriptures in Tamil 
amounted to 14,000,000 p^.ges. In 1862 Mr. Winslow's Tamil 
and English Dictionary was completed, an elaborate and useful 
work. On account of failing health Mr. Winslow sailed for 
America in August, 1864, but died on the way, at Cape Town 
in October of the same year. Soon after Mr. Hunt was obliged 
to return to America to recruit his health, and as he was the 
only remaining missionary and as it was thought that the 
Mission had accomplished its object, the Board decided to 
relinquish the field. From July, 1848 to December, 1864 the 
printing amounted to 228 ; 000 ; 000 pages of Scripture; 



DISCONTINUED MISSIONS. 233 

106,000,000 pages of tracts, and 110,000,000 of other works; in 
all 454,000,000 pages. The English department had been sold 
and the vernacular was now made over to the Society for Promot- 
ing Christian Knowledge. The Ghintadrepettah station was trans- 
ferred to the Church Missionary Society and the church build- 
ing at Royapuram to the Medical Missionary Society of Edin- 
burgh. The schools and converts were also made over to other 
Societies; and the Board thus withdrew from the field. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

John Scndder, M. D. B. Sept. 3, 1793, at Freehold, Monmouth Co., 
N. J., U. S A. Graduated at Princeton Col. in 1813, and afterwards at 
the New York Medical Col. United with the Reformed Dutch Church 
while in New York. Gave up his medical practice to come to I. Sailed 
(under the auspices of the American Board) from Boston June 8, 1819 : 
arrived at Calcutta in Oct. of the same year and soon after proceeded 
to Ceylon. His first station was Panditeripo, where he removed in 
July, 1820. Aug. 8, 1820 he was licensed to preach. He labored in 
Ceylon until 1836 ; at Madras from 1836. H. to America, 1841. While 
in America, 1842-46, he traveled extensively making missionary addresses. 
Rt. in March, 1847. Soon after his return he proceeded to Madura, 
where he labored until 1849 when he returned to Madras. After 
the death of his wife in Nov. 1849, his health was very poor, and in 
1854 he consented to take a sea voyage. He reached the Cape of Good 
Hope in November, 1854. His health improving, he had engaged his 
return passage, when on 13th of Jan. 1855, he passed away to his eternal 
reward. (See Memoir.) 

Miron Winslow, IX D. Joined the Ceylon Mission Feb. 18, 1820. H. 
to America in 1834. With Dr. Scudder opened the Madras Mission in 
1836. Early in 1856, he again visited America, returning in 1858 : 
while at home the degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon him 
by Harvard College. He continued his literary labors until 1864, 
when his health gave way and he was obliged to leave Iri'iia. He em- 
barked Aug, 20, 1864 and reached Cape Town on the 20th of October, 
but in an exhausted condition. He died two days after his arrival, at 
the age of seventy-five. While in I. for many years he was Secretary 
of the Revision and Publication Committee of the Madras Bible Society, 
and gave much attention to this work. He compiled a Tamil and 
English Dictionary, and also wrote one or more books in English. 

Samuel Hutchings. A. in Ceylon Oct. 28. 1833. Joined the Mad- 
ras Mission in April, 1842. 11. to America broken in health in 1843. 

Phinehas R. Hunt, Esq. A. at Madras, March 19, 1840, and took 
charge of the printing establishment of the Mission. He labored here 
continuously and successfully until 1866 when failing health obliged him 

30 



2 34 ^ INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

to return to America. In June, 1868 he proceeded to China and 
charge of the Mission Press at Peking. D. in 1879. 

John W. Dulles. A. at Madras Feb. 20, 1849. Het. 1852, to America. 

Isaac Newton Hurd. A. at Madras July, 1852. Labored here 
until Aug. 27, 1858, when he llet. to America. 



II. MR. START'S MISSION. 

Among the private efforts made to establish Missions in 
India that of the Rev. William Start deserves a prominent place. 
A man of means and of zealous missionary spirit, he applied to 
Pastor Gossuer of Betlin for missionaries and promised to defray 
the expense out of his own purse. His idea was to form a 
mission on the self-supporting, Moravian plan : the candidates 
were to be supported only till they could earn their own living, 
and then their earnings were to form a common store and they 
"were to preach to the heathen. The plan had to be abandoned : 
but Mr. Start's object was not altogether fruitless, several of 
the missionaries entering business and doing good missionary 
work besides, in various places, until their removal by death, 
though not in connection with the Mission. In other cases it 
was found better to leave the missionaries free from secular 
work and to support them. Their work was all vernacular. 
At first the work was only in the Plains, Hajipur being the chief 
station. Thence it extended to Chupra, and other stations, and 
in 1841, to the Darjeeling Hills. The first missionaries were the 
Revs. Brice and Kalberer, followed by three other companies in 
1838, 1839 and 1840, 

Mr. Start was himself a laborer in the Indian mission 
field some years, working in the Plains in the cold months and 
in the Hills in the hot. His health failing, he returned to 
England in 1852. From that time the work was carried on by 
the Rev. C. J. Niebel, who translated portions of the Scriptures 
and wrote several tracts in Lepcha and Nepalese, and was 
engaged in preaching and itinerating among the Hill tribes. 

The Mission maintained close relations with Gossner's 
Mission, many of the missionaries joining this, when Mr. Start 
was no longer able to support them. 

[A W.] 



DISCONTINUED MISSIONS. 
MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 



235 



NAME. 


YEAK 

OF 

ARRIVAL < 


FIELD OF 


LABOR. 


REMARKS. 


Nathaniel Brice, 




Patna, 


etc. 


D.- 





Louis Kalberer, 




Do. 


ao. 


Vide P 


. 16 


A. MoCumby, 




Dinapur 


, do. 


Do. 


25 


Louis Brandin, 


1831 


Hajipur 


, do. 


Do. 


173 


G. Trentler, 


1838 


Do. 


do. 






Joachim Stolke, ... 


1838 


Do. 


do. 






Andrew "Wernicke, ... 


1838 Bo. 


do. 






Gustav Holzenberg, 


1838 


Do. 


do. 






Charles Baumann. 


1838 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


173 


Paprotb:, 


1838 


Do. 




Do. 


173 


H.'Heitiig, 


1836 


Do'. 


do. 


Do. 

1 


15 


\Y. Rebsch, 


1838' 


Do. 




Do. 


87 


> Maass, 


1838 Do. 




Do. 


173 


Charles Stulpnagel, 


1838 Do. 


do. 


Do. 


173 


Charles Damenberg, 


1838 Do. 


do. 






Kluge, 


1839 Do. 




Do. 


173 


Schorisch, ... 


1839 Do. 


do. 


Do. 


173 


"W. Sternberg, . . . 


1839 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


173 


A. Rudolph, 


1839 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


136 


J. F. Ullmann, 


1839 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


136 


J. D. Prochnow, 


1840 Do. 


do. 


Do, 


92 


Schultze, >.. 


1840 


Do. 


do. 






Charles G. Niebel, 


1840 


Do. 


do. 


D. 1865. 





APPENDICES, 



1. THE MARTYRED MISSIONARIES OF 1857. 



NAMES. 



SOCIETY OK MISSION. 



STATION. 



J. E. and Mrs. FREEMAN, 
D. E. and Mrs. CAMPBELL, 
A. 0. and Mrs JOHNSON, 
II . and Mrs. McMuLLiN, 
"W. H. and Mrs. HAYCOCK, 
H. E. COCKEY, 
A. R. HPBBARD, 
D. C. SANDYS, 

COCKS, 

Lotris KOCH, 

T. and Mrs. HUNTER, 

J. MACKAY, 



American Presbyterian Mission, 

Do. do. do. 

Do. do. do. 

Do. do. do. 

Gospel Propagation Society, 

Do. do. do. 

Do. do. do. 

Do. do. do. 

Do. do. do. 

Do. do. do. 

Church of Scotland Mission, 

Baptist Missionary Society, 



Futtegurh. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Cawnpore. 

do. 
Delhi. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Sealkote. 
Delhi, 



APPENDICES. 



II. MISSIONARIES OF WOMAN'S SOCIETIES. 
FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. 



NAME. . 


ARRIVED. 


REMARKS. 


Miss Laing, 


1843 


Ret. 1857. 


Miss J. Shaw, 


1844 


M. 1846. 


Miss Locker, 


1846 


Now Mrs. J. Anderson. 


Miss Adamson, 


1848 


M. 1850. 


Miss J. McCarter, 


1856 


Ret. 1862. 


Miss Goulding, 


1858 


D. 1861. 


Miss A. Laird, 


1858 


M. 1863. 


Miss Don, 


1859 


D. 1860. 


Miss E. Macniven, 


1863 


Ret. 1867. 


Miss M. Urquhart, 


1863 


Do. 1868. 


Miss Taylor, 


1864 


Do. 1870. 


Miss C. Ewing, 


1867 


M. 1870. 


Miss Brown, 


1870 


Ret. 1875. 


Miss J. Sloan, 


1872 


M. 1873. 


Miss Liddell, 


1874 


D. 1875. 


Miss Griffin, 


1875 


Ret, 1877. 


Miss E, MacRitchie, 


1875 


M. 1877. 


Miss A. Ross, 


1875 


M. 1877. 


Miss Berrie, 


1876 


Ret. 1878. 


Miss A. Small, 


1876 


Chindwara, C. P. 


Miss Manson, 


1876 


Now Mrs. K. S. Macdonald. 


Miss Hubbard, 


1876 


Calcutta. 


Miss Skirving, 


1877 


Do. 


Miss Mack ay, 


1877 


Bombay. 


Miss J. Patcrson, 


1878 


Do. 


Miss C. Faterson, 


1878 


Do. 


Miss Duncan, .>. 


1878 


Do. 


Miss L. J. Wolff, 


1878 


Madras. 


Miss Warrack, 


1880 


Calcutta. 



238 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

FREE BAPTIST HISSIOX. 



XAXE. 


ARRIVED. 


"VVOKK. 


STATION. 


Miss L. Crawford, 


1851 


Orphanage, 


JeHasore. 


Miss S. L. Cilley, 


1873 


Zenana, 


Ret. 1876. 


Miss S. It. Libbey, 


1874 


Do. 


D. 1877. 


Miss M. E. French, ... 


1874 


Do. 


Ret. 1876. 


Miss M. "W. Bacheler, 


1876 


Do. 


Midnapore. 


Miss I. 0. Phillips, ... 


1877 


Do. 


Balasore, 


Miss H. P. Phillips, ... 


1878 


Schools, 


Midnapore. 


Miss B. J". Hooper, 


1878 


Do; 


Do. 


SOCIETY TOR PROMOTING 








FEMALE EDUCATION 








is THE EAST. 








Miss Packer,* 


1854 


Zenana, 


Cuttack. 


Miss Hart,t 


1859 


Superintendent, 


Madras. 


Miss Jerrom,J 


1860 


Zenana, 


Ret. May, 1873. 


Miss Davidson, 


1869 


Do. 


Agra. 


Miss Andrews, 


1869 


Do. 


Lodiana. 


^Idllc. Ponsaz 


1872 


T)r> 


D 


Miss Needham, 


JL \J 1 J 

1872 


i/U. 

Do. 


T?pf 


-LXcl. ^ 


Miss Leigh, 


1872 


Teaching, 


Cuttack. 


Miss Bland, 


1874 


Zenana, 


Agra. 


Miss F. Andrews, 


1875 


Teaching, 


Ret. . 


Miss Greenfield, 


1875 


Zenana, 


Lodiana. 


Miss E. Davidson, 


1875 


Do. 


M. . 


Miss Thorn, 


1875 


Do. 


Delhi. 


Miss Reuther, 


1877 


Do. 


Lodiana. 


Miss West, 


1878 


Teaching, 


Do. 


Miss Briggs, 


1880 


Zenana, 


Mooltan. 



* Calcutta, 1854-61 ; 1861-67, Berharapore ; 1867-74, Piplee ; H. to 
Eng. 1874-75 ; since, Cnttack. 
t Landour, 1859-70. 
J Amritsar, 1860-66. 



APPENDICES. 



NAME. 


YKAB 

OF 

ARRIVAL. 


WORK. 


STATION 

OR IlhMARKS. 


AMERICAN PRESBYTERIAN 








MISSION. 








Mrs. Scott, 


1854 


Teaching, 


Candour, 


Miss Beatty, 


1864 


Do. 


D. 1870. 


Miss J. Wood side, 


1867 


Teaching, Zenana, 


Futtegurh. 


Miss Thiede, 


1868 


Teaching. Zenana, 


Lahore. 


Miss M. Wilson, 


1869 


Medical, 


D. 1879. 


Miss M. Craig, 


1870 


Teaching, 


Dehra. 


Miss J. A. Nelson, 


1870 


Teaching, 


Ret. 1878, 


Miss M. E. Pratt, 


1872 


Teaching, 


Dehra. 


Miss J. W. Bacon, 


1872 


Do. 


Kasauli. 


Mrs. Warren, 


1872 


Zenana, 


Gwaiior. 


Miss S. Seward, M. D. 


1873 


Zenana, 


Allahabad. 


Miss L. M. Campbell, 


1874 


Teaching, Zenana 


Bet. 1878. 


Miss A. Campbell, 


1874 


Do. Do. 


Ret. 1878. 


Miss A. E. Scott, 


1874 


Teaching, 


Landour. 


Mrs. S. J. Millar, 


1874 


Teaching, Zenana, 


Ret, 1878. 


Miss C. Beltz, 


1875 


Zenana, 


Etawah, N.W. P. 


Miss E.Walsh, 


1876 


Zenana, 


Etawah. 


Miss McGinnis, 


1876 


Do. 


Kolhapur. 


Miss A. Fullerton, 


1877 


Teaching, 


Landour. 


Miss S. Hutchison, 


1879 


Zenana, 


Etawah. 


Miss S. M. Wherry, . . 


1879 


Do. 


Lodiana. 


Miss I. Griffith, . . 


1879 


Teaching, 


Landour. 


Miss Seeley, 


1879 


Zenana, 


Fattehgurh. 


Miss F. Perley, 


1879 


Do. 


Etawah. 


Miss E. E. Patton, . . 


1880 


Do. 


Panhalla. 


AMERICAN UNITED PRES- 








BYTERIAN MISSION. 








Miss E. G. Gordon * . . 


1855 


Zenana, 


Sealkote. 


Miss E. Calhoun, f 


1870 


Do. 


Gujranawala. 


Miss C. E. Wilson, . . 


1875 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss E. McCahon, . . 


1875 


School, 


Sealkote. 


Miss R.A. McCullough, 


1879 


Zenana, 


Jhelum. 


Miss E. E. Gordon, 


1881 


Medical, 


Gurdaspur. 



* H. 1864; and 1871-74, 
t 11. March, 1880. 



240 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



NAME. 


YEAR 

OF 

ARRIVAL. 


WORK. 


STATION 
OR REMARKS. 


CHURCH OF ENGLAND ZEN- 








ANA MISSION SOCIETY. 








Miss Blanford, 


1863 


Superintendent, 


Trevandrum. 


Miss Good, 


1871 


Zenana, 


Barrackpore. 


Miss Henderson, . . 


1872 


Supt. of Schoolj 


Amritsar. 


Miss Wanton, 


1872 


Zenana, 


Do. 


Miss Raikes, 


1874 


Do. 


Chinsurah. 


Miss Branch, 


1875 


Do. 


Jubbulpore. 


Miss Thorn, 


1875 


Do. 


Kurrachee. 


Miss Brandon, 


1875 


Do. 


Masulipatr.m. 


Miss I. Brandon, 


1875 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Tucker, 


1875 


Do. 


Batala. 


Mrs. Lewis, 


1875 


Do. 


Palamcottah. 


Miss J. Thorn, 


1876 


Do. 


Kurrachee. 


Miss Clay, . . 


1876 


Do. 


Jhandiala. 


Miss Axley, 


1876 


Do. 


Madras. 


Miss L. Axley, . . 


1876 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Macdonald, 


1877 


Do. 


Palamcottah. 


Miss Gehrich, 


1877 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Condon, 


1877 


Supt. of School, 


Calcutta. 


Miss Collisole, . . 


1877 


Zenana, 


Krishnagar. 


Miss "Williamson, 


1877 


Do. 


Jubbulpore. 


Miss Haitz, 


1877 


Do. 


Meerut. 


Miss M. Smith, 


1878 


Do. 


Amritsar. 


Miss Hewlett, 


1879 


Medical, 


Do. 


Miss Hoernle, 


1879 


Zenana, 


Meerut. 


Miss Clifford, 


1S79 


Do. 


Agarpara. 


Miss Gregg, 


1879 


Supt. of School,' 


Madras. 


Miss Scott, 


1879 


Zenana, 


?eshawar 


Miss Clay, 


1880 


Do. 


Jhandiala. 


Miss Goreh, 


1880 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Grime, 


1880 


School, 


Amritsar. 


Miss A T ette, 


1880 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss F. Butler, 


1880 


Medical, 


Jubbulpore. 


Mrs. Webb, 


1881 


School, 


Calcutta. 


Miss Chettle, 


1881 


Zenana, 


Barrackpore. 


Miss Baily, 


1881 


Do. 


.\mritsar. 



**. 


YtAE 
OF 

ARRIVAL. 


WORK. 


STATION 
OR REMARKS. 


AMERICAN UNION ZEN- 








ANA MISSION. 








Miss H. G. Brit-tan,- . . 


1863 


Superintendent, .Retired, 1877. 


Mrs. Page, 


1867 


Orphanage, 


Calcutta. 


Miss L. M. Hook, 


1868 


Superintendent, 


Do. 


Miss C. Norvis, 


1868 


Zenana, 


Died in 1868. 


Miss M. C. Lathrop, . . 


1870 


Zenana, 


Allahabad. 


Miss G. R. Ward, . . 


1870 


Do. 


Cawnpore. 


Miss E. Chase, 


1870 


Do. 


Died, 1874. 


Miss F. Seelye, M. D. 


1871 




Died, 1875. 


Miss Harris, 


1872 


Zenana. 


Retired.- 


Miss Smith, 


1872 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss J. Kimball, 


1875 


Do. 


Retired. 


Miss E. Marston, 


1875 


Zenana, 


Calcutta- 1 . 


Miss L. Woodward, . . 


1875 


Do. 


Retired. 


Miss A. H. Jones, 


1876 


Zenana, 


Allahabad. 


Miss Gardner, 


1879 


Zenana,- 


Cawnpore. 


AMERICAN BAPTIST MIS- 








SIONARY UNION. 








Mrs. J. P. Binney, . . 




Zenana, 


Rangoon'. 


Mrs. M. B. In galls, . . 






Thougasai. 


Miss S. B. Barrows, . . 






Moulmain. 


Miss M. Sheldon, 






Do. 


Miss E. H. Payne, . . 






Do. 


Miss S. J. Higby, 






Do. 


Miss E. Lawrence, 






Do. 


MissE. E. Mitchell, M, D. 






Do, 


Miss A. M. Barkley,. . 






Do. 


Miss E. T. McAllister, 






Basseizj. 


Miss I. Watson, 






Da. 


Miss K. Evans, 






Thongzai. 


Miss J. C. Browuley, . . 






Prome. 


Miss L E. Rathbun,.. 






Rangoon* 


Miss A. L. BueD, 






Do. 


Miss L. E. Miller, . . 






Tavoy. 


Mrs. C. B. Thomas, . . 






Henthada. 


Miss H. N. Eastman,. 






Toungoo. 


Miss E.G. Ambrose,.. 






Do. 



242 



1KDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



NAME. 


"YEAR 

OF 

ARRIVAL. 


WORK. 


STATION 
OR REMARKS. 


Miss Palmer, 






Toungoo. 


Miss Rockwood, 






Do, 


Miss Upham, 








Miss M. Russell, 






Tura, Assam. 


Miss M. M. Day, 






Nellore. 


Miss M. Menke, 


1880 




Madras. 


UNITED PRESBYTERIAN 








MISSION (SCOTLAND). 








Mrs. Drynan, 


1866 


School, Zenana. 


Ajmere. 


Miss Guillamet, 


1874 


Do, Do. 


Beawar. 


FRIENDS' MISSION. 








Miss R. Metcalfe, 


1866 


Zenana, 


Hoshungahad. 


THE AMERICAN BOARD. 








Miss M. S. Taylor, 


1867 


Teaching, 


Mandapasalai.M. 


Miss H. S. Rendall, 


1870 


Do. 


Madura, do. 


Mrs. W. B. Capron, 


1871 


Zen ^a, 


Madura, do. 


Miss S. F. Norris, M. D. 


1873 


Medical, 


Bombay. 


Mrs. J. M. Minor, 


1875 


Zenana, 


Battalagundu , M . 


Miss G. A. Chandler, 


1880 


Do. 


Palani, do. 


J. F. XOR. SCHOOL AND 








INSTRUCTION SOCT. 








Miss Fuller, 


1867 


Zenana, 


Lahore. 


Miss Harding, 


1870 


Do. 


Benares. 


Miss Fallon, 


1874 


Do. 


Bombay. 


Miss Trott, 


1874 


Do. 


Do. " 


Miss Baumann, 


1874 


Do. 


Lucknow. 


Mrs. Fallon, 


1875 


Superintendent, 


Bombay. 


Miss Malloch, 


1875 


Zenana, 


Do. 


Miss Hadden, 


1875 


Do. 


Lucknow. 


Miss Beilby, 


1875 


Medical. 


Do. 


Miss Kay, 


1879 


Zenana, 


Lahore. 


Miss Lockhart, 


1879 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Falconer. 


1880 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Brett, 


1880 


Do. 


Benares. 


Miss Brennan, 


1880 


School, 


Do. 


Miss Patteson, 


1880 


Zenana, 


Lucknow. 


Miss J. Childs, 


1880 


Do. 


Do. 


Misa H. Schwarz, ... 


1880 


Do. 


Bombay. 



APPENDICES. 



243 



NAME. 


YEAH 

OF 

ARRIVAL. 


WOE*. 


STATION 
OB REMARKS. 


AMERICAN REFORMED 








CHURCH, ARCOT MIS- 








SION. 








Miss M. J. Mandeville, 


1870 


Teaching, 


R. to America, 1 831. 


Miss J. Chapiil, 


1870 




Retired. 


Miss J. Scudder, 






Vellore. 


METHODIST EPISCOPAL 








CHURCH. 








Miss I. Thoburn, 


1870 


School, 


Now in America. 


Miss C. Svvain, M. D. 


1870 


Medical, 


Bareiilv. 


MissF. J. Sparkes, ... 


1870 


Orphanage, 


Do. 


Miss J. M. Tinsley, ... 


1871 


Zenana, 


Now Mrs. J. W.TVaugh. 


Miss C. McMillan, ... 


1871 


D O ; 


Now Mrs. P. M. Buck. 


Miss L. E. Blackmar, 


1872 


Do. 


Xow in America. 


Miss L. M Pultz, ... 


1872 Do. 


Ret. 1877. 


Miss X. Monelle, si'. D. 


1873 Medical, 


Xow Mrs. II. Man sell. 


Miss S. F. Leming, ... 


1873 Zenana, 


Ret, 1874. 


Miss A. J. Lore, M. D. 


1874 Medical, 


Mrs. G. H. McGrew. 


Miss L. H. Green, it. D. 


1876 Do. 


D. Sept. 30, 1878. 


Miss M. F. Gary, . . . 


1876 Orphanage, 


Now Mrs. F. G. Dtfvis. 


Miss S. A. Easton, ... 


1878 School, 


Cawnpore. 


Miss E. 'Gibson, 


1878 Do. 


LucknowV 


Miss M. E. Layton,... 


1878 .Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss Woolston, M. D. 


1878 Medical, 


Ret. 1880. 


Miss L. Kelley, 


1880 Zenana, 


Moradabad. 


Miss F. M. Nickerson, 


1880 Do. 


Lucknow. 


Miss M. B; Spence,... 


1880 School, 


Allahabad. 


IRISH PRESBYTERIAN 






MISSION. 






Miss S. Brown, 


1878 


School, Zenana, 


Borsad, Gujerat. 


Miss M. Patteson, ... 


1876 


School, 


Ret. 1878. 


Miss M. Forrest, . . : 


1876 


Medical, 


Surat. 


Miss M. long, 


1878 


School, 


Do. 


Miss Armstrong, 


1878 


Do. 


Now Mrs. Shillidy. 


BAPTIST MISSIONARY 








SOCIETY. 






Mrs. Dakiri, 


I Zenana, 


Calcutta. 



244 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



KAHE. 


YKAB 

OF 

ARIUVAX. 


WOEK. 


STATION 
OK REMARKS. 


CANADIAN PRES. MISN. 








Miss Rodger, 
Miss Fairweather, ... 


174 

1874 


Zenana, 
Do. 


Indore. 
Ret. 1880. 


Air. I/ITTH. MISSION. 








Miss K. Boggs, 


1881 


Zenana, 


Guntur. 


OTHERS. 








Miss M. E. Leslie, .. 
Miss L. H Anstey,.. 
Miss C M. Reade, .. 
MissL. R, Wheeler,.. 
Miss L. W. Sisson, .. 


1878 
1878 


Teaching, 
Orphanage, 
Evangelistic, 
Do. 
Do. 


Calcutta. 
Colar, Mysore. 
Punrutti. 
Basim. 
Do. 



III. MISSIONS IN CEYLON. 

(I) THE BAPTIST MISSION BEGAN WORK, 1812. 



NAM. 


ARRIVAL OR 
ORDINATION. 


STATION. 


James Silra, 


0. 1841 


Colombo, W. Prov. 


Peter Pereira, 


0. 1845 


H.inwcila, do. 


*'. P. Ranesinghe, 


0. 1846 


Gampola, C. P. 


<J. Carter, 


A. 1853 


Kamjy, do. 


M. 11. Pereira, 


O. 1858 


ChiW, rf.-W. P. 


Inwan Silva, 


0. 1859 


Moratinva, W. P. 


I. S. Pereira, 


O. 1862 


Kandy, C. P. 


Amaris Silva, 


0. 1862 


Kaduganna^va, C. P. 


H. 11. Pigott, 


A. 1862 


Ratnapura, W, P. 


F. D. Valdocfc, 


A. 1863 


Colombo, do. 


D. Boteju, 


0. 1863 


Jayala, do. 


I. M. Pereira, . 


0. 1865 


Do. do. 


.T. J. Gunasekere, 


0. 1866 


Heneratgoda, do. 


11. Markus, 


0. 1869 


Awisawella, do. 


Chnrles Pieris, 


0. 1870 


Matale, C. P. 


D. B. Le-wis, 


0. 1870 


Colombo, W. P. 


,T. G. Ratoayake, 


0. 1871 


Mahara, do. 


T. H. Stevenson, 


A. 1874 


Colombo, do. 


11. A. Lapham, 


A. 1880 


Kandy, C. P. 



ATPENDICES. 245 

(II ) WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY BEGAN WORK, 181 4. 



1 

NAME. 


A.BRIVAL OB 
ORDINATION. 


FIELD OF LABOR. 


J. A. Poulier, 


1825 


South Ceylon. 


D. H. Pereira, 


1851 


Do. 


H. Pereira, . . 


1852 


Do. 


J. Fernando, 


1852 


Do. 


G. E. Goonewardene, 


1852 


Do. 


John Scott, 


1852 


Do. 


0. J. Gunesakera, 


I860 


Do. 


S. Pieris, 


1860 


Do. 


J. Nicholson, 


1861 


Do. 


Z. Nathanielsz, . . 


1864 


Do. 


P. B. Pereira, 


1864 


Do. 


D. D. Pereira, 


1864 


Do. 


J. Benjamin, 


1865 


N. Ceylon. 


J. Brown, 


1865 


Do. 


E. Rigs, 


1865 


Do. 


J. W. Philips, 


1865 


S. Ceylon. 


J. 0. .Rhodes, 


1865 


Do. 


J. A. Sparr, 


1865 


Do. / 


S. Niles, 


1866 


N. Ceylon. 


D. P. Ferdinando, 


1867 


S. Ceylon. . g 


J. H. Abeyasakara, 


18fi8 


Do. 


J. Shepstone, 


1868 


Do. 


R. Tebb, 


1868 


Do. 


11. Fernando, 


1868 


Do. 


H. Warthenez, 


1S69 


Do. 


W. M. Walton, 


1869 


N. Ceylon 


I). P. Niles, 


1870 


Do. 


J. M. Osborn, 


1870 


Do. 


D. Fonseka, 


1870 


S. Ceylon. 


P It. Willenberg, 


1870 


Do. 


J. A. Well, 


1871 


Do. 


C. Parinbanayagam, 


1871 


N. Ceylon. 


J. G. Pearson, . . 


1871 


Do. 


J. V. Benjamin, 


1872 


Do. 


W. R. Winston, 


1872 


Do. 


S. Langdon, 


1872 


S. Ceylon. 


S. R. Wilkin, 


1872 


Do. 


E. P. Fonseka, 


1873 


Do. 


J. H. Nathanielsz, 


1874 


Do. 


I. Peento, 


1874 


Do. 


A. Shipham, 


1874 


Do. 


C. Wickramasingha, 


1874 


Do. 



246 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



NAME. 


ARRIVAL OK 
ORDINATION. 


FIELD OF LABOR. 


D Valupillai, 


1874 


N. Ceyloii. 


J. C. Fletcher, 


1875 


Do. 


R. N. Sethakavaler, 


1875 


Do. 


B. A. Wendis, 


1875 


S. Ceylon. 


B. S. Wendis, 


1875 


Do. 


S. Silva. 


1875 


Do. 


D P. Ferdinando, 


1876 


Do. 


E. S. Adams, 


1876 


N. Ceylon. 


J. Appapillai, 


1876 


Do. 


E. Strutt, 


1876 


Do. 


11. A Barnes, 


1877 


D 


J. G. Trummer, 


1877 


Do. 


M. P. Fernando, 


1877 


S. Ceylon. 


S E. A. Gasperson, 


1877 


Do. 


L. S. Lee, 


1877 


Do. 


C. W. Silva, 


1877 


Do. 


D. S. Silva, 


1877 


Do. 


S. Hill, 


1878 


Do. 


IM. II. Pereira, 


1878 


Do. 


Thomas Little. 


1878 


Do. 


J. Parinbanayager, 


1878 


Do. 


F. M. Webster, 


1878 Do-. 


C. S'Casinader, 


1879 Do: 


A. Nallathamby, 


1879 Do. 


F. H. Pieris. 


1*79 S. Ceylon. 



(Ill) THE AMERICAN BOARD. BLGA N WORK, 1816. 



XAMR. 


AllIilVAL OR 

ORDINATION-. 


STATION. 


W U. !!_ _:, 


A. 1846 


Uodooville, Jaffna. 


E. P. Hastings, 


A. 1847 


Batticotta, do. 


T. P. Hunt, 
D. Stickney, 


0. 1855 
0. 1858 


Chavagacherry,do. 
Udupitty, do. 


F. Asbury, 


0. 1861 


Xavalv, do. 


B. H. Rice, 


0. 1867 


Battiootta, do.' 


M. Welch, 


0. 1870 


Allavutty, do: 


T. S. Smith, 


A. 1871 


Tillipallv, do. 


A. Bryant. ... 


0. 1872 


Chauganv, do. 


S. W. Howland, 


A. 1873 


Udupitty, do. 


H. R. Hoisington, 


0. 1874 


Oodoovillo, do. 


J. S. Christmas, 


0. 1875 


Tillipally, do. 


R. C Hastings,- 


A. 1879 


Batticotta, do. 


G. W. Leitch, Esq., 


A. 1880 


Manippai, do. 


S. John, 


0. 1880 


Moolai, do. 



APPENDICES. 247 

(IV.) .CHURCH OF ENGLAND MISSION. BEGAN WORK, 1818. 



NAME. 


ARRIVAL OR 
ORDINATION. 


STATION. 


William Oakley, 


A. 1835 


Nuwara Eliya, Cent. Prov. 


John Ireland Jones, 


A. 1857 


Kurunegala, N.-W. P. 


Stephen Coles, 


A. 1 860 


Kandy, C. P. 


William E. Rowlands, 


A. 1861 


Nuwara Eliya, Do. 


J. Hensman, 


0. 1863 


Kapay, Jaffo,a. 


John Allcock, 


A 18.65 


Baclagama, S. P. 


T. P. Handy, 


0. 1865 


Nellore, Jaffna. 


G. Champion, 


0. 1865 


Kokuville, do. 


Elijah Hoole, 


0. 1865 


Chundically, N. P. 


Henry Gunesakera, 


0. 1867 


Kandy. 0. P. 


Richard T. Dowbiggin, 


A. 167 


Cotta, W. P. 


David Wood, 


A. 18JS7 


Colombo, do. 


D. Jayasingha. 


0. 1868 


Cotta, do. 


H. De SUva, 


0. J868 


Talanagama, do. 


H. Kannanger, 


0. 1869 


Do. do. 


B. P Weerasingha, 


0. 1869 


Kandy, C. P. 


Pakkyanathan Peter, 


0. 1872 


Pellraudulla, do. 


Gerard F. Unwin, 


A. 1873 


Now in England. 


J. D Simmons,* 


A. 1874 


Nellore, Jaffna. 


A. R. Cavalier, ... 


A. 1874 


Now in England. 


Thomas Dunn, ... 


A. 1874 


Kandy, C. P. 


J. I. Pickford, 


A. 1878 


Alaradana, W. P. 


John Gabb, 


0. 1879 


Colombo, W. P. 


G. T. Fleming, 


A. 1880 


Chundicallv, Jaffna. 


John G Garrett, 


A. 1880 


Kandy, C/P. 



* Vide P. 91. 



248 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



(V.) SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL, 
BEGAN WORK, 1824. 



NAME. 


ARRIVAL on 
ORDINATIOX. 


STATION. 


R. Edwards, 


1852 


Manaar, N -W.P, 


F. DeMel, 


1853 


Pantura, W. P. 


J. DeSilva, 


1856 


Matara. S. P. 


C. Sennanayake, 


1861 


Galkisse, W. P, 


T. i.'hriatiun, 


1863 


Kurena, Do. 


T. Mortimer, 


1864 


Putlam, N.-W P. 


P. Marks, 


1866 


Buona Vista, S. P. 


A. VethaUan, 


1866 


Kavman's Gate, W. P. 


G. H. Gomes, 


1870 


Badulla, C. P. 


F. D. Ederesinghe, 


1871 


Tangalla, W. P. 


C. DeMel, 


1873 


Kurena, W. P. 


C. David, 


1876 


Do. Do, 


H. Wikkramanayake, 


1876 


Kollupitiya, N.-W.F. 


C. A. W. Jayasauera, 




Tangalla, W. P. 


J. Peter, 




Cbilaw, N.-W. P. 


J. S. Lvle, 




M*tara, S P. 


E. C. Miller, 




St. Thomas Col. Colombo r 


J. F. Falkner, 




Do. Do. 



APPENDICES. 
IV. STATISTICAL TABLES. 

(I.) YEARS OF SERVICE OF MISSIONARIES. 



249 



c 

fe 


MISSION. 


o 

3 
> 

O 


o 
>o 

g 

o 
IP 




"** 
o 

H 
O 

eo 


o 
. co 

o 

H 


<M 


o 

CM 

O 

H 

o 

1 1 



UNDER IQ 


4 
1 

5 


1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 


Baptist M. Soc'y, 
London M. Soc'y, 
Am. Board, 
C. M. Soc'y, 
Gospel P. Soc'y, 
Wes. M. Soc'y, 
Gen. Bapt. Mision, 
Ch. of Scotland, 


1 


4 
2 

2 
1 

"l 


1 

2 

7 
5 
2 

1 
2 


8 
7 
3 
19 
10 
8 
1 


5 
14 
4 
29 
15 
8 

7 


12 
20 
10 

48 
i?0 
2-7 
4 
10 


31 
45 
24 
103 
48 
44 
8 

1 7 


9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
1C 
17 


F. Ch. of Scotland, 
Am. Pres. Mission, 
Basel Mission, 
A.B. M. U, 
Free B. Mission, 
Gossner's Mission, 
Leipzig Mission, 
Irish P. Mission, 
Welsh C. Mission, 


... 


1 
4 

1 


2 
2 
1 

1 
3 

1 


3 
5 

10 

2 
5 


10 
11 

z l 

1 

7 
'7 
3 
4 


13 

7 
42 
14 
4 
11 
6 
5 


27 
29 
75 
18 

a 

21 
21 

9 


18 


Am. Ev. Luth. G. Synod, ... 








1 




Q 


A 


19 


Am. Ref. Mission, 








3 




2 


K 


20 


Moravian Mission, 








2 




i 


q 


21 


Am. U. P. M. 








1 


3 


1 




22 
23 


M. E. Church, 
U. P. Scotland, 


... 


... 


1 


5 

2 


10 
5. 


49 


G5 
-i i 


24 


Dan. Ev. Luth. M. 












3 


q 


25 

26 


Hermannsburg Mission, 
Strict B. Mission, 


... 




1 




4 


3 


8: 


27 

28 


Friends' Mission, . . 
Ind. Home Mission, 


... 








2 


2 
Q 


2 


29 
30 


Am. Ger. Ev. Mission, ... 
Assam and Cachar Do. 


... 


... 


1 


... 




1 


2 


31 


Can. Bapt. Mission, 










2 


K 




32 


Am. Ev. Luth. G. Council,. 










1 


Q 


A 


33 


Can. Pres. Mission, 















q 


34 


Swedish Ev. Do. 












fi 


p. 


35 


Private Missions, etc., 








5 


3 


12 


9(\ 






















TOTAL, ... 


1 


16 


33 


00 


179 


360 


3 89 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

(II. ) STATISTICAL SUMMARIES FOR 1871 AND 1880. 



" 


l^ "^" 








1871. 










.2 


-a 

9 


8 


<u 




* 






a 


.2 


^2 


a 


m 






NAMES OP SOCIETIES 


HH 

a 


'to 

M 


o 


'rt 


.2 

'S 


-2 






!M 


O 


-3 ^ 


O 


01 


"a 

rt 




AND MISSIONS. 


o 


C to 


rt &o 


<O 03 

^1 


Q 




"a 






\ 


CD ^ 


fl 


> a 




^ 






a 
8 


* 


~ c s? 


-. a> 


.1 


a 






to 


^3 


t* r-*l 


. ^A 


-*J 


2 






8 








fl 


o 


o 




M 


BN 


^ 


* 


5 





1 



ft 

5 
6 

8 

t 
10 

11 

12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 


Baptist Missionary Society,... 
London do. do. ... 
American Board, 
hurch Missionary Society,... 
Gospel Propagation do. ... 
Wesleyan Missy. do. 
General Baptist do. do. ... 
Church of Scotland Mission, 
Free Church of Scotland do. 
American Presbyterian do. 
Sasel Missionary Society, ... 
Am. Bapt. Missy. Union, ... 
Am. Free Baptist Mission, ... 
Gossner's Missy. Society, ... 
jeipzig do. do. 
Irish Presbyterian Mission.... 
Welsh. Cal. Meth. do. ... 
Am. Ev. Lu. Miss. Gen. Syu 


1793 
1798 
1813 
1814 
1817 
1817 
1822 
1828 
1828 
1834 
1834 
1836 
1836 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1842 


26 
44 
19 
102 
41 
22 
6 
4 
19 
32 
42 
11 
5 
12 
19 
8 
5 
3 


5 
4 
1 
33 
21 
6 
1 
6 
14 
1 
16 


6 

1 
. 

1 


3 
27 

19 
67 
37 
6 
10 
4 
9 
8 
6 
2 
2 
1 
4 





6,509 
39,879 
8,161 
69,114 
45,083 
1,011 
2,439 
681 
1,650 
1,334 
4,612 
6,810 
599 
14,804 
9,265 
532 
6 
2,470 


1,902 
3,900 
2,112 
13,106 
10,604 
494 
646 
326 
750 
563 
2,272 
2,478 
276 
4,636 
4,837 
131 
16 
731 


1 


American Reformed Miss. .. 


1853 


6 





3 


2,478 


712 


^ to to to to 

. <w to i o ' 


Episcopal Moravian do. .. 
Am. Un. Presbyterian do. .. 
Meth. Episcopal Ch. do. .. 
Unit. Pres. (Scotland) do. . 
Danish Lutheran do. . 


1854 
1855 
1856 
1860 
1861 


2 
3 
21 
9 
3 




1 

5 
3 




1 
6 





17 
120 
1,83 
49 
24 


8 
63 

1,074 
6G 
71 


2 
2 


Hermannsburg Missy. Socy. 
Strict Baptist Mission, 


1866 
1866 


8 




1 



2 


19 

10 


29 
50 


2 


Friends' Mission, ... 


1866 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


2 


Indian Home do. ... 


1867 


1 


3 





3 


35 


2 


German Ev. (U. S. A.) Socy 


1868 


2 


1 





7 


... 




Assam and Cachar Mission, 


1868 


2 








6 


... 


V 


Canadian Baptist Mission, . 


1868 


... 


.. 


.. 


... 


... 




Am Ev Lu. Miss. Gen. Cou 


1870 












jj 


^ono/JiaTi "Pr*q MTission. .. 


1876 












J 


.. (in d< i iiiii i. ic". JJ>-.O<VM, 


. 1878 












1 


Private Missions, etc. 




11 


4 


4 


3,581 


"9*28 




TOTAL, .. 




488 


134 


225 


224,258 


52,816 










622 









APPENDICES. 



251 



H. STATISTICAL SUMMARIES FOR 1871 AND 1880. Continued. 





l'880i 


Increase ; or Decrease ( ) 


REMARKS. 




















Wherever a discrepancy 




B 


T3 


02 




a 


-a 


GQ 




occurs between these 




o 
'3 


3 


fl 


. 


o 

'55 


o> 
a 


a 
.2 




figures and those on 




m 


3 


CO 


4-9 


92 


'S3 




09 

41 


preceding pages, these 




^ 


u 


*^ 





a 


T3 


h 


CO 


are to be taken as 






O . 

(D 


P5 


O 




o ^ 






correct. 




a 




w 


C3 
3 


a 73 


a 


^ 


a 


In order to make a 




_60 o> 


> , 


. 


a 


.?. 


3 

.> be 


_> 


a 


comparative statement 


d 


^ rt 


** 'i 


OS 


a 


ft c 




S 


a 


Burmah Missions are 







a 


fe 


o 
O 


O 





(5 


o 
O 


omitted. 


1 


31 


8 


10,000 


3,000 





5 


3,491 


1,098 




2 


45 


30 50,098 


4,632 


3 


3 


10,219 


732 


3 
4 
5 
6 

7 
8 
9 


24 
103 

48 
44 
8 
17 
27 


35 
107 
56 

8 
10 
4 
8 


13,485 
75,998 
51,391 

2,000 
2,722 
860 
1,476 


3,765 
19,401 
15,305 
1,000 
997 
326 
891 


4 
32 
14 
16 

1 
7 
6 


16 
40 
19 
2 


I 


5,324 
6,884 
6,308 
989 
283 
179 
174 


1,653 
6,295 
4,701 
506 
351 

141 


Including Ceylon and 
Burmah, the present 
number of Mission- 
aries and Native Or- 
dained Agents is 946, 
as compared with 838, 
in 1871. 


10 


29 


15 


2,100 


971 


4 


7 


766 


408 




11 


75 


8 


7,337 


3,727 


17 


2 


2,725 


1,455 




12 


18 


51 


55,633 


18,653 


7 


49 


48,823 


16,175 




13 


6 


4 


970 


534 


1 


2 


371 


25b 




14 


21 


7 


29,285 


11,091 


3 


6 


14,481 


6,455 




15 


21 


9 


11,981 


6,000 


2 


5 


2,716 


1,163 




16 


9 





912 


198 








380 


67 




17 


7 





1,659 


920 


2 





1,598 


904 




18 


4 


2 


5,423 


2,193 





2 


2,953 


1.462 




19 


5 


4 


3,199 


1,322 


1 


1 


721 610 




20 


3 





35 


17 


1 





18 9 




21 


5 


2 


536 


335 


1 


1 


416 272 




22 


65 


15 


5,855 


2,897 


39 


9 


4,020 


1,823 




23 


14 


..". 


601 


360 


2 


t 


107 


294 




24 


3 


... 


250 


50 








4 


21 




25 


8 


... 


714 


331 








515 


302 




26 










i 


2 


---104 


50 




27 


2 


... 


13 


13 


2 





13 


12 




28 


5 


2 


2,756 


2,000 


1 


2 


2,721 


1,965 




29 


2 


... 


330 


125 


1 





256 


125 




30 










2 





6! 


o 




31 


7 


1 


1,000 


473 


7 


1 


1,000 


473 




32 


4 


2 


560 


216 


4 


2 


560 


216 




33 


3 




30 


10 


3 


C 


30 


10 




34 


6 




8 


5 


6 





8 


5 




35 


20 


1 


1,406 


686 


5 


7 


-2,175 


142 






689 


389 


340623 


102444 


67 


164 


116305 


49,628 





252 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 

(III.) NATIONALITY OF MISSIONARIES; 



1 

1 

2 
3 

4 
5 
6 
? 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
20 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


MISSIONS. 


?. 

-i 
& 

r. 

~Z 

"S 

00 

C 

X) 


GKEAT 
BRITAIN. 


Canada. 1 


or* 

_0 

^3 



-ti 

U9 
O> 

^ 


TnR CONTINENT. 


| Switzerland. 


H3 

5 

^rt 
M 

a 
W 


Scotland. 


Ireland. 


m 

_o 

"3 

P^ 


Sweden. 


;A 
oa 

f 

o 

^ 


Denmark. 


Holland. 




ffl 


rt 

1 



Germany. 


France. 


B. M. Society, 
L. M. do. " 
Am. Board, 
C. M. Society, 
S. P. Gospel, 
Wes. Mission, 
Gen. Baptist Mission, 
Ch. of Scotland, 
V. Ch. of Scotland, 
Am. Pres. Mission, 
Basel Mission, 
A. B. M. Union. 
F. Baptist Mission, 
Gossner's do. 
Leipzig do; 
Irish P. da. 
Welsh C. Mission-, 
Am. Ev. Lnth. G. S., 
Am. Eef. C. Mission, 
Moravian do. 
Am. U. Pres. do. 
M. E. Church, 
U. P. Mission ( Scot , ) 
Dan. Ev. Luth. Mission 
Hermannsbur do. 
Strict B. Mission, 
Friends' Mission, 
Ind. Home do. 
Am. Ger. Ev. Mission, 
Assam and Cachar do. 
Can. Bapt. Mission, 
Am. Ev. Lu. G-. Coun , 
Can. Pres. Mission, 
Swedish do. 
Private Missions, etc., 

TOTAL, 


'2 
2 
6 
2 
1 


21 
34 


e 
O 


1 

1 


4 
o 

1 


1 
















1 




1 


















9 


















89 
39 

49 


1 






i) 












1 


8 






















6 2 








o 
















1 


8 


14 


1 








































1 




27 




















1 




1 


















2 






















1 




1 


61 


... 


12 


2 
1 










1 














1 
















































21 




















8 










Ifi 






































o 






[ 









































































































3 












1 


























o 


1 


rj 


1 


? 






















1 


13 




































jj 




































R 






































... 


1 


1 
































2 


2 
































? 














































7 


































1 


2 
















1 








2 






























r, 
















4 


5 


4 




















1 
































30 


244 


67 


19 


;5 


17 


1 


10 


4 


5 


1 


1 


1 


131 


2 


13 



APPEND Id ES. 

NATIONALITY OF MISSIONARIES. (Contmued). 



253 



UNITED STATES. 


CO 

M 

EC! 

H 

H 

O 

1 


TOTAL. 

31 
43 
24 
103 
48 
44 
8 
17 
27 
29 
75 
18 
6 
21 
21 
9 
7 
4 
5 
3 
5 
65 
14 
3 
8 


.0 

1 
2 
3 
4 

5 
6 

7 
8 
9 

io 
11 

12 

13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
39 
2< l 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


a 

o5 


| Vermont. 


f 

.H 

00 

B 
1 

d 


33 

.3 


ei 
$ 


| Connecticut. 


^0 

^ 

CD 


j. 

c 




s 




5 


ci 

s 


i' 

"S 

CD 


j Tennessee. 


rt 
S 

3 

B 
^ 




c 


o 


Wisconsin. 


Michigan. 


CD 
01 

02 
h 

Ol 

6 








































6 


4 


1 




















4 


... 


















































































1 . 
































































' 






















































1 


1 


1 


c 


3 




1 


1 




1 


... 


1 


5 


.V. 










1 




"i 


1 





5 
1 


1 


1 


1 










.. X 


1 


... ... 


3 
1 


... 








1 
































1 






























1 
































































1 






. 


1 














1 

2 


' 














, 















































































1 


2 


i 




... 


5 


3 


i 




11 


2 


9 


... 


4 1 


... 


1 ... 


13 


\ 6 
















































i 






' 




... 


























































2 
2 


























1 


















... 


























































7 
4 
3 
6 

20 












i 
















































j 






























11 




1.. 








1 






3 
































2 


9 


2 


7 





16 




li 


18 2 


3 


1 


5 




1 


1 


1 29 

.! H7 


11 


689 





INDEX. 



Aaron, D. 


145 A 


Abbott, A. 


57 A 


Abbs, J. 


44 A 


Abel, F. 


79 1 


Abeyaskara, J. H. 


245 1 


Abhishekanathan,S 


.100 1 


Abraham, 


J8 ] 


Abraham, 


8 ] 


Abraham, D. 


79 , 


Abraham, G. 


100 ] 


Abraham, V. 


100 ] 


Abraham, Ved. 


79 ] 


Acheson, A. 


92 , 


Adam, J. 


'42 ] 


Adam, M. T. 


39 ] 


Adams, E. S. 


246 , 


Adams, H. J. 


200 , 


Adamson, T. 


100 , 


Adamson, Miss 


237 


Addis, C. J. 


48 


Addis, W. B. 


41 


Adeikalam, 


8 


Adeikulam, D. 


100 


Adolphus, T. P. 


104 


Adliugton, J. 


90 


Ahner, F. 


179 


Ainley. F. W. 


96 


Aitken, J. 


127 


Albrecht, 


24 


Albrecht, F. H. 


150 


Aldinger, Ch. 


152 


Alexander, A. 


121 


Alexander, A. H 


20 



Alexander, F.W.X. 79 

Alexander, J. M. 133 

Ali, Abdul, 100 

Ali, Asad, 100 

Ali, Jani, 79 

Allcock, J 247 

Allen, D. 0. 58 



Allen, I. 
Allnutt, R. L, 
Alnutt, S. S. 
Am '-rose, 
Ambrose, Miss 
AM. BAP. M. UN. 
Do. Burmese M. 
Do. Ass -m M. 
Do. Telugu M. 
AM. BOARD, C.F.M, 
Do. Madura M. 
Do. Marathi Miss- 
Do. Madras Miss 
AM. Ev. Lri'H. M. 
PO. Gen. Synod, 
Do. Gen. Council, 
AM. F. BAP. Miss 
AM. PEES. Miss 
AM. REF. C. Miss. 
7 A.mmann, J. 
Amurdam, P. 
Asirvadam, M. 
Anderson, G. 
Anderson, G. T. 

Anderson, J 

Anderson, John, 

Anderson, J. H. 

Anderson, P. 

Andrew. A. 

Andrews, H. 

Andrews, Miss 

Andrews, Miss F. 

Angus, R. 

Ankaipagar, M. B 

Ansorge, G.F.H. 

Ansorge, P. G. 

Antoni,, D. 

Apler, 

APPENDICES, 

Appelt, E. D. 

Applegate, T. H 



U'Aratoqn, C. C. 241 

92 Archer, J. B. 94 

100 Arden, A. H. 77 

8 Arnold, S. 107 

241 Armstrong, W. F. 222 

155 Armstrong, Miss 69 

155 Artope, T. 47 

159 Arulanantham, 79 

161 Asbury, E. R. 49 

, 44 Attlee, S. 90 

60 Axlev, Miss 240 

51 Axley. Miss L. 245 

232 Altenmuller, H. 149 

185 Artman, H. G. B. 184 

185 Anstey, Miss 246 

187; Appapillai, J. 246 

166 Asbury, F. 241 

130 ' Arumanayagam, G. 70 

1 90 j Arumanayagam, R. 109 



f- *S \J 

175 


X I U.UJLO.XJIUJJ Cl3<*JU, XX 

Arumanayagam, P. 


C<L 

79 


175 Arumanayagam, V. 


29 


229 ; Asirvadharn, A. 


79 


25 ! Asiryadham, S. 


79 


117 


Athanasius, 


10 


126 


Ashton, J. 


32 


13 


Ashton, G. H. 


33 


217 


Atkinson, W. H. 


58 


121 






94 


BACH, L. 


145 


238 


Bacheler, 0. R. 


167 


238 Bacheler, Miss 


238 


129 i Bachmann, H. 


145 


. 55 i Bacon, J. R. 


32 


93 Bacon, Miss 


239 


994|Badley, B. H. 


200 


100, Baierlein, E. R. 


175 


173 Bailey, A. 


79 


286 Bailey, B. 


90 


178 Bailey, T. 


110 


. 91 ' Bailey, W. C. 


115 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



Bailey, Miss 240 

Baker, H. 90 

Baker, H. Jr. 92 

Baker, S. 219 

Baker, W. G. 79 

Ball, A. E. 79 

Ball, TV. J. 94 

Ballantine, H. 59 
Ballantine, H. TV. 58 
Ballantine, TV. O. 55 

Balwaut, S. 80 

Bamadabe, 112 

Bambord, J. 80 

Bambridge, J. 80 

Bampton, TV. 112 

Bauerjea, B. 14 

Banerjea, C. X. 231 

Banerjea, P. K. 121 

Banerjea, S. C. 12l 

Banerjea, T. C. 14 

Bankliead, TV. H. 39 ' 

Bapaji, A. 80 j 

BAPT. Miss. SOCY. 9 

Barase, J. D. 5$ j 

Barclay, J. C. 91 

Bardsley, J. TV. 95 

Bardwell, H. 58 1 

Bare, C. L. 2oO 

Barenbruck, G. T. 90 
Barenbruck.J.T.G. 92 

Baring, F. H. 96 

Barker, C. 165 

Barker, W. P. 140 

Barkley, Miss 241 

Barley, A. F. 107 

Barnes, A. 65 

Barnes, G. 0. 140 

Barnes, ft. A. 246 

Barnett, T. A. 14 

Barr, J. S. 196 

Barrick, T. S. Ill, 

Barrows, Miss 241 : 

Barry, D. T. 96 

Bartels, 173 

Bartlett, H. 95 

Barton, J. 95 

Bartsch, F. 171 

BASEL MISSION, 142 

Basten, TV. 133 



Basu, P. C. 
! Bate, J. D. 
i Bateman, 11. 
Batsch, F. G, 
Batstone, C. J. 
Batty, ft. B, 
Batum, G. 
Bauboo, II. M. 
Baugh, G. 
Baumann, A. W. 
Baumann, C. Jr 
Baumann, G. 
Baumann, J. 
Baumann, Jacob, 
Biumann, Miss 
Baume, J. 
Baylis. F. 
Bayne, R. 
Beard, E. 
Beatty. W. 
Beatty, Miss 
Beaumont, J. S. 
Beddy, H. 
Beddy, C. J. F. 
Beer,' C. H. 
Beer, G. 
Beer, J. "W. 
Beilby, Miss 
Beisenherz, H.D.L 
Bell, ft. J. 
Beltz, Miss 
Benjamin, J. 
Benjamin, J. V. 
Bermer, G. B. 
Bennett, C. 
Benttler, J. G. 
Bergen, G. 8. 
Bergfeldt, E. H. 
Bergstedt, D. 
Berrie, Miss 
BETHEL MISSION, 
Beyer, W. L. A. 
Beynon, W. 
Bezwara, P. 
Bhambal, Y. L. 
Bhattacharjea, J. 
Bickerstetb, E. 
Bilderbeck, J. 
Billing, G. 



167 f Binnev, Mrs. 
14 Bion, ft. 


241 
14 


80 


Bishop, J. H. 


8Q 


100 


Biss, J. 


24 


93 


Bissell, L. 


55 


95 


Biswas, M. 


80 


163 


Biswas, M. S. 


80 


121 


Blackett, H. F. 


100 


107 


Beckett, W. B. 


80 


80 


Blackmail, C. 


91 


80 


Blackmar, Miss 


243 


173 


Blackmore, E. 


96 


92 


Blackstock, J. 


209 


145 


Blaich, J. 


80 


242 Blake, A. 


128 


206 


Blake, B. 


121 


48 Blake, W. . 


100 


25 Blake, W. M. 


49 


219 Bland, Miss, 


238 


182 Blandford, Miss, 


240 


23'J 


Blyth, ft. B. 


127 


121 


Boaz, F. 


43; 


25 


Boerresen, JL P. 


221 


90 


Boesingher, G. 


151 


228 


Boggs, G. "W. 


57 


228 


Boggs, Miss, 


97 


228 


Blomstrand, A. 


175 


242 


Blumhardt, C. K. 


91 


175 


Blumhardt, E. K. 


80 


80 Bogue, D. 


27 


23i> , Bo-gs, W. B. 


163 


245 


Bolm, F. 


100 


245 


Bomwetsch, C. 


92 


115 


Bonamallee, 


112 


157 


Bonnar, W. 


216 


93 


Bose,M. N. 


229 


133 


Bose, J. C. 


133 


153 


Bose, P. C. 


121 


L75 


Bose, P. K. 


102 


237 


Bosse, M. 


5 


230 


Bosshard. J. 


152 


171 


Bost, S. 


93 


41 


Boteju, D. 


244 


163 


Boulter, K. S. 


107 


55 ' Bourquin, A. 


115 


121 Bovard, M. Y. 


203 


100 Uovingh, J. G. 


4 


42 Bowden, E. S. 


228 


100 


Bowdeu, W. 


22S 



INDEX. 



-57 



Bowen, G. 


209 


Bryant, A. 


246 


Campbell, C. 43 


Bower, F. 


80 


Buchmuller, J. 


153 


Campbell, D. E. 139 


Bower, H. 


100 


Buck, C. 


47 


Campbell, J. 42 


Bowser, W. 


209 


Buck, P. M.. 


200 


Campbell, J. F. '226 


Bradbury, J. 


44 


Buckle} 7 , J. 


111 


Campbell, J. R. i37 


Braidwood, J. 


127 


Buddepoody, A. 


163 


Campbell, W. W 163 


Brain, J. C. 


37 


Budden, J. H. 


32 


Campbell, Miss A. 239 


Branch, Miss 


240 


Buell, Miss 


241 


Campbell, Miss M. 239 


Brandin, 


173 


Buhler, M. 


151 


CANADIAN B. Miss. 222 


Brandon, Miss 


240 


Buhrer, A. 


145 


Candy, G. 93 


Brandon, Miss I. 


240 


Buksh, S. P. 


14 


Capron, W. B. 72 


Brandsfeld, C. 


171 


Bullard, E. 


163 


Capron, Mrs. 242 


Brasche, J. A. 


145 


Bulloch, G. M. 


32 


Carey, E. 24 


Brayton, 1). L. 


157 


Bunoher, J. H. 


94 


Carey, F. 23 


Breithaupt, J. C. 


6 


Bun dare, L. 


163 


Carey, J. 24 


Brennan, Miss 


242 


Bundare, Luke, 


163 


Carey, W. Dr. 18 


Brett, Miss 


242 


Bun dare, P. 


163 


Carey, W. 24 


Brice, N. 


235 


Bunkholdt, W. T. 


221 


Carey, William, 14 


Brigel, J. J. 


153 


Bunker, A. 


157 


Carlson, A. B. 187 


Briggs, W. 


80 


Burgess, E. 


59 


Carlsson, P. 227 


Briggs, Miss 


238 


Burn, A. 


94 


Carlton, M. W. 134 


Bright, F. J. 


50 


Buckingham, W. A 


. 65 


Carlyon, H. C. 100 


Brittan, Migs 


241 


Burckhardt, A. 


145 


Carpenter, C. H. 157 


Broadhead, J. It, 


107 


Burokhardt, J. G. 


153 


Carslaw, W. 129 


Broadway, D. P. 


14 


Burgess, W. 


107 


Carso, T. C. 80 


Brodhead, A. 


141 


Burkholder, T. W. 


167 


Carter, C. 2^ 


Brodie, D. 


95 


Burnell, T. S. 


65 


Carter, E. 96 


Bronson, M, 


159 


Burton, 


24 


Carter, II. E. 209 


Brooks, J, 


112 


Bushell, W. 


157 


Carter, S. 95 


Brooks, W. 


111 


Butler, W, 


205 


Cary, Miss 243 


Brown, C, C. 


25 


Butler, Miss 


240 


Casinader, C. S. 246 


Brown, James, 


80 


Buyers, W. 


42 


Cavalier, A. R. 247 


Brown, J. 


245 






Cavore, Y. 163 


Brown, J. M. 


95 


CAIN, J. 


80 


Cavore, Z. 163 


Brown, J. D. 


207 


Calderwood, W. 


133 


Cawdell, J. A. 206 


Brown, T. 


40 


Caldwell, Bishop, 


100 


Chamberlain, J. Dr. 191 


Brown, W. 


112 


Caldwell, J. 


138 


Chamberlain. J. 23 


Brown, W. D. 


209 


Calhoun, Miss 


239 


Chambers, H. 39 


Brown, W. W. 


182 


Caleb, J. J. 


134 


Champion, E. 42 


Brown, Miss 


237 


Caley, J. 


80 


Champion, G. 247 


Brownley, Miss 


241 


Camerer, G. 


151 


Chand. Tara, 100 


Bruce, H. J. 


55 


Cameron, C. J. 


117 


Chandler, J. E. 65 


Bruce, R. 


94 


Cammerer, A. F. 


104 


Chandler, J. S. 65 


Bruere, W. W, 


209 


Cammer, A. F. 


7 


Chandler, Miss 242 


Brunner. K. 


153 


Campagnac, J. A. 


25 


Chandren, P. 145 


Brunette, J. H. C 


17G 


Carmichael, T. 


107 


Chandy, J. 80 


Brunsdon, D. 


23 


Campbell, A. 


121 


Chapin, W. W. 


Bruske, J. 


171 Campbell, A. B. 


127 


Chapin, Miss 243 






33 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



Chapman, J. 


92 


Cola, M. 


1631 


Curean, P. M. 


81 


Charn, I. 


134 


Coldren, M. J. 


167 


Currie, G. F. 


223 


Chase, Miss 


241 


Cole, F. F. 


81 


Curties, F. W. G. 


209 


Chatterjee, K. C. 


134 


Cole, W. B. 


94 


Gushing, J. N. 


157 


Chatterjee, P. K. 


128 


Coles, J. B. 


32 


Cuthbert, G. G. 


92 


Chatterjee, T. C. 


32 


Coles, S. 


247 


Cutter, W. J. 


186 


Cheney, N. G. 


201 


Coley, H. 


32 


Cutting, H. A. 


201 


Cherington, F. B. 


207 


Collins, R. 


93 






Cherry, H. 


68 


Collisole, Miss 


240 


DAIMELHTTBER, H. 


145 


Chester, E. 


65 


Colton, J. 


66 


Dakin, E. 


25 


Chettle, Miss 


240 


Conklin, J. "W. 


191 


Dakin, Mrs. 


243 


Childs, Miss 


242 


Condon, Miss 


240 


Dal, N. 


4 


Chokin, 


160 


Conn, J. 


96 


Dalmas, H. G. F. St. 25 


Chowdry, B C. 


100 


Convert, P. A. 


152 


Dalziel, J. 


129 


Chowrryappah, S J. 1 4 


Cooke, C. S. 


95 


Dame, P. 


6 


Christian, C. W. 


209 


Cooksley, M. H. 


81 


Damenberg, C. 


235 


Christian, D. 


65 


Cooley, R. 


168 


Danforth, A. H. 


165 


Christian, S, 


100 


Cooling, J, 


109 


Daniel, H. M. 


207 


Christian, T. 


248 


Coomarappen, D, 


in 


Daniel, S. A. 


121 


Christian, V. 


176 


Cooper, C. 


121 


Danielsson, A. G. 


227 


Christie, G. 


42 


Cooper, J. 


85 


DAN. Ev. LTJ. M. 


217 


Christmas, J. S. 


246 


Cooper, J. G. 


121 


DAN. M. SOCIETY, 


1 


Christochit, 


172 


Cope, E. 


68 


Darling, T. Y. 


93 


C. V. E. SOCIETT, 


213 


Corbold. A. 


48 


Das, H. 


111 


CH. o* ENG. Miss. 


73 


Cordes, J. H. C. 


178 


Das, I. 


141 


CH. OP SCOT. Miss. 


113 


Cornelius, J. 


66 


Das, M. 


111 


Chuckerbutty, B.C 


115 


Cornish, 


24 


Dass, N". L. 


33 


Churchill, G. 


222 


Costa, T. 


153 


Dauble, C. G. 


81 


Cilley, Miss 


238 


Coulbeck, J. A. 


101 


Dauble, G. 


165 


Clark, A. 


65 


Cox, J. 


44 


Baud, C. 


32 


Clark, E. W. 


160 


Cox, W. W. 


96 


David, A. 


19 


Clark, R. 


80 


Craddock, L. 


93 


David, B. 


104 


Clark, R. E. 


94 


Craig. John, 


222 


David, C. 


248 


Clark, "William, 


80 


Craig, J. 


138 


David, D, 


176 


Clark, W, 


93 


Craig, Miss 


237 


David, I. 


41 


Clark, W.M.D. 


216 


Cran, G. 


37 


David, Joseph, 


81 


Clarkson, W, 


45 


Crane, N. M. 


72 


David, J. 


117 


Clay, J. 


100 


Craven, T. 


201 


David, J. I. 


117 


Clay, Miss 


240 


Crawford, Miss 


238 


David, P. 


81 


Clayton, W. 


80 


Crisp, E. 


40 


Davidson, A. 


93 


Clifford, A, 


81 


Crisp, H. 


95 


Davidson, Miss 


238 


Clifford, Miss 


240 


Croley, H. 


95 


Davidson, Miss E. 


238 


Clough, J. E. 


163 


Croppen, J. M. 


112 


Davis, B. 


81 


Cobb, C. F. 


93 


Cropper, J. M. 


112 


Davis, F. G. 


209 


Cobban, G. M. K. 


107 


Cross, E. B. 


157 


Davis, H. 


96 


Cockey, H. E. 


236 Crumb, A. V. 


157 


Dawson, F. 


90 


Cooks. 


236 Cunningham, E. 


201 


Dawson, J. 


38 


Coe, J. W. 


101 Curean, G. 


81 Da-vrson, J. 


121 



INDEX. 



259 



Dawson.W, 45 Dixon, H. 


94 Eastman, Miss 


241 


Day, H D. 96 


Dixon, J. B. 


90 


Easton, Mies 


243 


Day, L. B. 122 


Dixon, J. 


107 


Eble, G. 


145 


Day, S. S. 165 


Dixon, W. 


184 


Eckard, J. R. 


68 


Day, Miss 242 


Dobbin, O. T. 


42 


Ederesinghe, F. D 


. 248 


De, B. N. 122 


Dobler, A. 


154 


Edman, L. A. 


227 


De, K. N. 122 


Doderlein, M. L. J. 


178 


Edmonds, J. 


40 


Dean, S. C. 58 


Dodt, F. C. 


172 


Edmonds, W, J. 


94 


Dease, 8. S. 201 


Don, J. D. 


128 


Edwards, E. 


25 


Deding, 160 


Don, Miss, 


237 


Edwards, J. 


115 


Deerr, W. J. 90 


Donaldson, J 


38 


Edwards, R. 


248 


Deggeler, B. 151 


Doran, J. W 


90 


Edwards, T. R 


14 


Dehlinger, J. 149 


Douglass, J. 


122 


Elder, W. 


122 


Deimler, J. G. 81 


Douglass, J. M. 


226 


Eleazer, J. 


101 


Denham, W 25 


Douthalure, T. 


163 


ELLICHPOOR Miss. 


229 


Dennis, J. J. 49 


Dow, J. C. 


168 


Ellington, W. 


94 


Derashe, 0. 163 


Dowbiggin, R. T. 


247 


Elliot, M. C. 


207 


Deuber, Z. 154 


Downes, E 


81 


Elliot, R. 


82 


Devalam, A. 32 


Downey, J. R. 


2<)7 


Ellis, J. D. 


24 


Devaprasadham, D. 81 


Dowuie, D. 


163 


Ellis, P. A. 


101 


Devaprasadham, M. 81 


Doxey, J. S. 


82 


Ellis, R. J. 


25 


Devaprasatham, M, 81 


Drake, D. H. 


163 


Ellwell, J. T, 


158 


Devasayagam, K. 176 


Dredge, A. 


92 


Ellwood, J. P. 


82 


Devasayagam, M. 66 


DRESDEN Miss. ST. 


174 


Elmslie, Jv 


95 


Devasayam, S. 101 


Drew, W. 


101 


Elsasser, T. 


145 


Dewar, J. 128 


Drew, W. H. 


47 


Emlym, J. 


32 


Dey, G. C. 101 


Droese, C. 


42 


Endle, S. 


101 


DeBruyn, 24 


Droese, E. 


82 


English, G. 


93 


DeCruz, D. 24 


Drummond, J. 


127 


Elonis, J. J, H, 


91 


DeMel, C. 248 


Drynan, Mrs 


242 


Erhardt, J. 


82 


DeMel, F. 248 


Duff, A. Dr. 


125 


Eriksson, E. M. 


227 


DeMonte, F. 25 


Duffadar, A. C. 


14 


Essing, C. 


149 


DeRodt, R. 45 


Dulles, J. W. 


234 


Esliok, E. R. 


108 


DeRozario, F. J. 91 


Duncan, Miss 


237 


Eteson, R. 


90 


DeSilva, EL. 247 


Dunn, T. 


247 


Ettirajulu, S. 


127 


DeSilva, J. 24 


Dunne, D. H. G. 


101 


Evans, B. 


14 


DeSilva, J. 248 


Durrant, G. B. 


82 


Evans, C. 


24 


DesGrangos, A. 37 


Dufchie, J. 


32 


Evans, E. J. 


48 


Dhalawani, K. M. 55 


Dutt, A. 


201 


Kvans, I. E. 


214 


Dibb, A. 94 


Dutt, G. C. 


14 


Evans, R. 


189 


Dick, J. C. 49 


Dutt, K. N. 


32 


Evans, T. 


14 


Didlaukies, D. 172 


Dutt, R. 


101 


Evans, W. W. 


25 


Diemer, J. C. 6 


Dwight, R. 0. 


70 


Evans, Miss 


241 


Diez, K. A. E. 145 


Dyer, J. A. 


12^ 


Eveleth, T. H. 


158 


Digel, T. 145 


Dyson, S. 


82 


Evers, P. J. 


108 


Dilger, W. 145 






Every, C. 


93 


Diogo, 8 


EALES, H. W. 


82 


Ewart, D. 


126 


DISCON'D MISSIONS 232 Eames, M. 


66 


Ewen, J. 


15 



260 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



Ewing, J. C. R. 


134 


Fountain, J. 


20 


Ewing, Miss 


237 


Fox, D. 0. 


209 






Fox, H. W. 


92 


FABRICIUS, J. P. 


5 


Francis, E. B. 


25 


Fairbank, S. B. 


55 


FREE CH.OF Scox.M. 


118 


Fairclough, J. 


101 


Freeman, J. E. 


138 


Fairweather, Miss 


244 


Freiday, J. A 


158 


Falconer, Miss 


242 


French, 0. 


59 


Falkner, J. F. 


248 


French, T. V. 


93 


Fallen, Miss 


242 


French, Miss 


238 


Fallon, Mrs. 


242 


Frey, H. 


149 


Farrar, C. P. 


90 


Friend, C. 


90 


Farrar, Miss 


59 


Fritz, J. M. 


149 


Fenn, D. 


93 


Frohnmeyer, J. 


145 


Fenn, J. 


90 


Frost, A. H. 


93 


Fentiman, A. 


108 


Frost, E. 


58 


Fen wick 


24 


Frost, J. 


128 


Ferguson, W. 


117 


Frost, R. D. 


168 


Ferdinando, D. P. 


245 


Fruohtenicht, L. C 


. 7 


Ferdinando, D. P. 


246 


Fryar, G. 


108 


Fernandez, D. 


145 


Fuchs, J. 


92 


Fernando, H. 


245 


Fullerton, R. S. 


139 


Fernando, J. 


245 


Fullerton, Miss 


238 


Fernando, M. P. 


246 


Furtado, S. 


146 


Ferris, G. H. 


134 


Fyfe, W. C. 


122 


Feuchter, C. 


145 


Fynes-Clinton, D. 


94 


Fieg, I. 


145 


Fyvie, A. 


40 


Fieldbrave, I. 


201 


Fyvie, W. 


37 


Fink, J. C. 


24 






Firikh, A. 


152 


GABB, J. 


247 


Fisher, A. T. 


82 


Gabriel, T. 


223 


Fitzpatrick, T. H. 


93 


Gadney, A. 


101 


Fjellstedt, P. 


91 


Galbrath, R. 


94 


Flavel, S. 


40 


Gangaram, 


160 


Fleming, G. T. 


247 


Gangnagel, L. 


146 


Fletcher, J. C. 


246 


Gannaway, J. T. 


49 


Fletcher, W. 


32 


Gardiner, T. 


127 


Flex, 0. T. 


101 


Gardner, J. W. 


128 


Flower, W. 


45 


Gardner, Miss, 


241 


Fonseka, D. 


245 


Garrett, J. 


58 


Fonseka, E. P. 


245 


Garrett, J. G. 


247 


Foote, L. E, W. 


95 


Gasperson, S. E. A 


.246 


Forbes, A, 


39 


Gaster, T. G. 


94 


Ford, G. 


69 


Gates, L. S. 


55 


Forman, C. W. 


134 


Gayakawad, H. D 


. 56 


Forsyth, N. 


37 


Gayford, C. 


219 


Forrest, Miss 


243 


Gehring, F. C. A. 


176 


Foulkes, T. 


93 


Geidt, B. 


92 



Gehrich, Miss, 240 
Gemsky, 0. 172 

GEN. BAP. MISSION, 110 
Gericke, C. W. 6 

German, W. 179 

GER. Ev. Mission, 242 
Gerloch, J. W. 6 

Gerpen, V. 173 

Ghose, B. C. 101 

Ghose, B. N. 82 

Gibson, R. 25 

Gibson, Miss, 243 

Giester, J. E. 5 

Gilder, G. 101 

Gilder, G. K. 210 

Gill, J. H. 201 

Gillespie, R. 182 

Gladwin, W. J. 210 
Glardon, A. 216 

Glasell, J. 178 

Glasgow, A. 183 

Glasgow, J. 183 

Do. Miss. SOCY. 113 
Glen, W. 46 

Gloria, E. E. 108 

Gmelin, F. 82 

Gnanadhin, J. 101 
GnanaKkun, G. M. 101 
Gnanamuttu, A. 82 
Gnanamuttu, Abr. 101 
Gnanamutta, D. 82 
Gnanamuttu, S. 82 
Gnanamuttu, V. 83 
Gnanapragasam, M. 83 
Gnanapragasam, P. 101 
Gnanayutham,P.(l) 83 
Gnanayutham,P(2)101 
Gnanayutham, V. 83 
Goadby, J. 112 

Goadby, J. 0. 112 

GODAVERYDEL.M. 228 

Godhula, 160 

Goffin. H. J. 32 

Gogerly, G. 39 

Goheen, J. M. 134 

Gojar, C. 146 

Goldsmith, H. D. 83 

Goldsmith, M. G. 83 



INDEX. 



261 



Goluknath, 
Gomes, G. H. 
Goodall, E. 
Goodall, P. 
Goodore, Y. 
Goodwin, F. A. 
Gookey, H. D. V. 
Goombarde, II. 
Goonewardene,G.E 
Gordon, A. 
Gordon, G. M. 
Gordon, J. 
Gordon, J. W. 
Gordon, Miss E. E. 
Gordon, Miss E. G. 
Goreh, Miss 
Gossner, Pastor, 

GOSSNER'S M. SoCT. 

Gostick, F. W. 
Goulding, Miss 
Gowan, T. 
Gracey, J. T. 
Graeter, J, B. 
Graham, J. P. 
Graham. T. 
Grahle, K. E. 
Grant, C. M. 
Grant, T. 
Grant, W. L. 
Graves, A. 
Gray, A. D. 
Gray, J. 
Gray, J. H. 
Gray, R. 
Gray, W. 
Graves, R. P. 
Green, W. 
Green, Miss, 
Greenfield, Miss 
Greenway, "W. 
Greenwold, F. W. 
Greenwood, AV. 
Gregg, Miss 
Gregson, J. 
Gregson. J. G. 
Grieshaber, J. L. 
Grieve, A. C. 
Griffin, Miss 



134 Griffith, Miss 


239 


Hampson, J. 


38 


248 


Griffiths, G. 


189 


Hampton, 


24 


94 


Grime, G. T. M. 


96 


Hancock. R. B. 


158 


93 


Grime, Miss 


240 


Handmann, H. R. 


176 


163 


Gritton. J. 


94 


Handrich, J. 


152 


210 


Gronning, C. W. 


186 


Hands, J. 


37 


50 


Grossmann, G. 


148 Handy, T. P. 


247 


163 


Grubert, H. A. 


179 


Hanhart, L. G. 


146 


.245 


Grundler, J. E. 


4 


Hansda, B. 


83 


196 


Guest, J. 


104 


Haqq, Z. 


202 


95 


Guillamet. Miss 


242 


Harberlin, J. 


91 


37 


Gulliford, H. 


108 


Harcourt, V. W. 


83 


43 


Gunasekera, H. 


247 


Harding, C. 


56 


239 


Gunasekera, J. J. 


244 


Harding, Miss 


242 


239 


Gunasekera, 0. J. 


245 


Harding, J. 


93 


240 


Gundert, F. 


154 


Harle, J. 


38 


169 


Gundert, H. 


149 


Harley, H. 


91 


169 


Gundert, S. 


153 


Harlin, E. 


146 


108 


Gundum, P. 


163 


Harper, W. 


115 


237 


Gungasapu, P. 


163 


Harpster, J. H. 


186 


206 


Gunn, W. 


186 


Harrington, C. S. 


83 


201 


Gurney, A. K. 


160 


Harris, Miss 


241 


146 


Gurubadham, I. 


83 


Harris, N". 


158 


135 


Gutterson, G. 


66 


Harris, W. 


42 


53 


Guyton, 11. F. 


15 


Harrison, H. J. 


101 


179 






Harrison, J. 


83 


117 


HACKER, I. H. 


32 


Hart, 


24 


112 


Hackett, H. M. M. 


83 


Hart, Miss 


238 


23 


Hadden, Miss 


242 


Hartmaun, R. 


146 


58 


Haeberlin, C. 


173 


Hascal. W. H. S. 


158 


216 


Haegert, A. R. E. 


230 


Hasell, S. 


92 


216 


Haegh, H. 


108 


Hasenwandel, W. 


146 


91 


Hafiier, J. 


146 


Haslam, T. 


50 


204 


Hagelund, P. R. 


7 


Hastie, W. 


115 


94 


Hahn. C. F. R. 


152 


Hastings, E. P. 


246 


94 


Hahn, C. H. P. 


172 


Hastings, R. C. 


246 


139 


Haigh, J. S. 


214 


Hastings, T. 


83 


243 


Haines, T. 


33 


Haubroe, L. 


8 


238 


Haitz, Miss 


240 


Hauff, H. 


152 


25 


Halbrock, E. 


146 


Hauri, R. 


146 


202 


Hall, A. C. 


68 


Hauser, G. 


152 


90 


Hall, George, 


49 


Hauser, J. 


224 


240 


Hall, G. 


58 


Hauser, J. L 


206 


25 


Hall, M. 


150 


Hawes, R. 


92 


25 


Hallam, E. C. B. 


15 


Hawker, J. G. 


33 


154 


Haller, J. 


151 


Hawksworth, J. 


92 


122 Ha'lett, T. E. 


94 


Hay, J. 


33 


237- Hallidav.F. 


108 Hay, L. G. 


139 



262 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTOR?. 



Haycock, W. H. 23C 

Hazen, A. 67 

Hazen. H. C. 69 

Heberlet, P. E. Ill 

Hebich, S, 149 

Hechler, D. 92 

Hector. J. 122 

Heelis, T. 228 

Heeren, E. J. 192 

Heinig, H. 15 

Hembroom, A. 172 

Henderson, W. 127 
Henderson, Miss, 240 

Hendrie, J. 216 

Henry, A. 141 

Hensman, J. 24 

Hepp, F. 173 

Herdman, J. C. 92 

Hermelink, J. 146 

Herrick, J. 66 

Herron, D. 134 

Hervey. W. 59 

Herre, W. H. G. 176 

Herzog, A. 1()2 
HKRKMAN JJSBURGM.2 1 8 

Hesse, J. 154 

Higby, Miss, 241 

Hewitt, J. 183 

Hewlett, Miss, 240 

Hewlett, J. 33 

Heyde, A. W. 194 

Hever. C. F. 186 

Heyl, F. 135 

Hick s, "W. AV. 206 

Higg S ,T. K. 42 

Hill, J. 39 

Hill, J. R. 102 

Hill, M. 39 

Hill, R. A. 197 

Hill. S. 246 

Hill, S. J. 33 

Hill, AV. 112 

Hill, AV. H. 47 

Hiller, C. 150 | 

Hirner, G. 146 i 

Hislop, S. 127 ! 

Hobhe, S. (1) 92 I 

Hobbs, S. (2) 92 ' 



AV. A. 
Hobday, G. 
Hobday, J. 
Hobusch, F. 

I Hoch, M. 
Hoch/W. 
Hocken, C. H. 
Hodge, A. A. 
Hodges, E. 
Hodgson, T. R. 

Hoerule, C. 

Hoernle, J. F. D. 

Hoernle, J. G. H 

Hoernle, Miss 

Hofer, L. 

Hoisington, H. 

Hoisington, H. R, 

Holbeck, J. L. 

Holcomb, J. F. 

Holzberg, J, M. 

Holzenberg, G. 

Honiss, If. 

Hook, Miss 

Hoole, E. 

Hooper, R. 

Hooper, AV. 

Hooper, Miss 

Hope, AV. 

Hoppner, F. H. T. 

Horsley, H. 

Horst, C. H. 

HosKins, R. 

Houston, J. 

lowell. X. 
Howland, S. AV. 
Howland, AV. S. 
Howland, AV. AV. 

lubbard, A. R. 
Hubbard, G. AV. 

lubbard, H. 

Iubbard,Mias 
Huber J. (1) 
Huber, J. (2) 
Hubner, If. 
Hudson, J. 
Hughes, G. 
Hughes, T. P. 
Hull, J. J. 



231 I Hume, E. S. 56 

108 Hume, R. A. 56 

1 08 Hume, R. W. 59 

176 Humphrey, J. L. 205 
146 (Humphrey, W. T. 91 



151 jHunt, P. R. 
108 I Hunt, T. P. 
139 j Hunter, R. 

83 j Hunter, T. 

83 j Hunter, T. AV. 

83 .Hunziker, J. 

95 Hurd, I. If. 



83 

240 

94 

70 

246 

95 

135 

7 

235 

94 

241 

247 

83 

83 

238 

95 

102 

83 



20 
128 

40 
246 

66 



233 
246 
127 
117 
102 
152 
234 
216 
165 
173 
115 
233 
. 33 

Hutteman, G. H. C. 6 
33 
146 

102 

217 



Husband, J. 
Husen. 8. Tan, 
Huss, E. AV. 
Hutcheson, J. 
Hutchings, 8. 
Hutchison, H. A. 



Hut-ton, D. 
Huttinger, C. 

IGNATIUS, J. 

Ihle. A. 

Ihlefeld, K. A. A 176 

Hsley, J. 

Imam-ud Din, 

India. P. 

Ingalls, Mrs. 

Inman, A. 



o Lines, J. 
Insell, T. 
Irion, Ch. 



Irving, D. 
Isaac, A. 



246 1 I saa c/ 



236 
59 



Isaacson, AV. 
Isenberg, C. AV. 



84 
84 
163 
241 
102 
91 
33 
150 
139 
84 
66 
212 
91 



93 j Isenberg, C. AV. H. 95 



237 
150 
152 
146 
108 
189 
83 



Itty, C. 

J A CHECK, R. C. 

Jacitson, H. 
Jackson, J. 
Jaco, K. 
Jacob, A. J. 



135 ! Jacobi, C. A. 



84 

112 

206 
25 
84 
84 



INDEX. 



263 



Jacob! , J. 


146 


Johnson, W. F. 


135 Kellogg. S. H. 


141 


Jacobs, 8. P. 


210 


Johnston, 11. 


46 


Kelso, A. P. 


135 


Jaeschke, H. A. 


194 


Jonalagedda, E. 


164 


Kember, T. 


84 


Jaganadham, P. 


33 


Jones, Daniel, 


16 


Kendall, H. R. 


96 


James, A. 


84 


Jones, D. 


189 


Kendall, W. C. 


108 


James, W. B. 


16 


Jones, J. 


189 


Kennedy, J. 


45 


James, "W. R. 


16 


Jones, J. I. 


247 


Kennet, C. E. 


102 


Jameson, A. P. C. 


216 


Jones, J. P. 


66 


Kenney, R, 


90 


Jameson, M. 


158 Jones, S. 


49 


Keppler, C. 


147 


Jamieson, J. M. 


138 Jones, T. 


189 


Kerry, G. 


16 


Janicke, J. D. 


7 Jones, T. J. 


189 


Keuler, F. 


152 


Janney, L. R. 


210 Jones, W. 


49 


Key worth, E. 


214 


Janvier, J. T. 


202 Jones, W. E. 


102 


Khan, M. 


202 


Janvier, L. 


139 Jones, Miss 


241 Khishti, H. R. 


59 


Jardine, It. 


117 Jordan, C. 


16 


Kiofel, W. 


172 


Jaus, I. 


146 


Jordan, P. 


4 


Kiehne. A. 


216 


Jayasakara,C.A.W.248 


Joseph, D. 


102 


Kiernander, J. Z. 


5 


Jayasingha, D. 


247 


Joseph, P. 


84 


Kies, J. G. 


151 


Jellinghaus, T. 


173 


Joseph, S. 


102 


Kimball, Miss 


241 


Jennings, H. E. 


96 


Joseph, T. 


187 


Kindlinger, J. 


90 


Jennings, It. 


41 


Joshua, J. 


34 


King, C. D. 


160 


Jenson, H. 


217 


JOSB, W. 


34 


Kistenmacher, J. 


H. 5 


Jeremy, D. 


84 


Judd, C. W. 


75 


Kittel, F. 


147 


Jerrom, T. 


93 


Jukes, A. 


84 


Kittel, J. 


154 


Jerrom, Miss 


238 


Jukes, "W. 


84 


Klein, J. 


6 


Jervis, A. S. 


183 






Kluge, 


173 


Jetter, J. A. 


90 


KABIS, J. B. C. F. 


176 


Knausenberger, I 


. 147 


Jewetfc, L. 


164 


Kahl, L. 0. 


179 


Knight, J. L. 


94 


Joel, E. 


202 


Kalberer, L. 


25 


Knill, R. 


38 


Johannes, J. 


24 


Kalgana, R. 


108 


Knobloch, J. 


147 


John, B. 


186 


Kamalam, J. 


34 


Knott, J. W. 


96 


John, C S. 


6 


Kampfheukel, C. 


172 


Knorpp. J. C. G. 


91 


John, E. . 


84 


Kamsika. J. 


146 


Knowles, S. 


202 


John, J. 


84 


Kanakiah, N. 


164 


Knudsen, H. 


8 


John, S. 


246 


Kanwarsain, 


135 


Kobiraj, R. K. 


16 


John, Z. 


191 


Kannanger, H. 


147 


Koch, L. 


236 


Johns, W. 


24 


Karmarker, V. B. 


56 


Kohler, A. 


154 


Johnson, A. 


95 


Kastendieck, H. F. 


202>Koblhoff, C. S. 


102 


Johnson, A. 0. 


140 


Kaufmann, O. 


151 Kohlhoff, J. B. 


5 


Johnson, E. 


92 


Kaundinya, If. A. 


146 


Kohlhoff, J. C. 


7 


Johnson, E. C, 


25 


Kay, W. H. 


102 


Kondapale. V. 


164 


Johnson, J. 


91 


Kay, Miss, 


242 


Konig, J. F. 


6 


Johnson, J. A. 


108 


Keene, W. 


84 


Koratha, K. 


84 


Johnson, J. J. 


84 


Keer, A. 


182 


Koshi, 


84 


Johnson, R. 


127 


Keith, J. 


38 


Ko-Shoay, 


158 


Johnson, T. 8. 


202 


Kelber, G. G. 


178 


Kraff, I. 


147 


Johnson, William, 


34 


Kelley, K. 


164 


Krauss, C, F. 


153 


J.ohnsou, W. 


95 


Kelley, Miss, 


243 Krauss, C. T. 


91 



264 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIREOTORY. 

246 Lockwood, A. 
210 Loesch, A. 

37 Loewenthal, I. 
238 Lohr, T.O. 

34 Long, A. 
Long, J. 

45 Long, Miss 
102 Lorbeer. A. W. H. 

102 Lore, Miss 

149 Loughbridge, A. 

103 Loveless, W, C, 
115 Lowe, J. 

151 Lowrie, J. C. 

6 Liicas, J. J. 

93 Luke, S. 

45 Lumb, J. 

48 Lundborg, N. E. 

246 Lundgren, G. E. 

243 Luther, W. 
34 Lutz, W. 
14 Lyle, J. S. 

151 Lyon, J. 

24 Lyon, W. P. 
244 

44 MAAS,^- 

91 Mabbs, G. 

96 MacAfee, F. 

85 Macartney, F. G. 

85 Macarthey, J. 

25 Macalister, G 

244 Macdonald, D. 



Kreiss, F. A. 


92 


Lee, L. S. 


Kremmer, C. F. 


176 


Lee, D. H. 


Krishnayya, G. 


84 Lee, W. 


Kristna, J. 


102 


Leigh, Miss 


Kroecber, W. 


172 


Lee. W. 


Kruger, F. 


102 


Lee, W. 


Kruckeberg, H. C. 


91 


Leechman, J. 


Kshirasagar, A. B. 


56 


Ledgard, G. 


Kubler, T. G. 


49 


Leeper, F. J. 


Kuhnle, G. 


147 


Lehner, H. 


Kullen, S. 


151 


Lefroy, G. A. 


Kundla, V. 


164 


Legate, G. W. 


Kuruwella, K. 


84 


Lehmann, F. 






Leidemann, F. W. 


LACET, C. 


112 


Leighton, J. 


Lacroix, A. 


41 


Leich, A. 


Laidler, S. 


39 


Leitch, C. C. 


Laing. Miss 


237 


Leitch, G. W. 


Laird, Miss 


237 


Leming, Miss 


Lakra, H. 


172 


LeMare, E. 


Laksbman, A. M. 


162 


Leonard, 0. 


Lai, K. 


85 


Leonberger, J. 


Lai, M. 


135 


Leslie, A. 


Lai, S. 


115 


Leslie, Miss 


LaRoche, B. 


9C 


Lessel, T. L. 


Lamb, R. M. 


92 


Leupolt, C, B. 


Lambert, J. A. 


34 


Leupolt, J. T. 


Lane. T. 


95 


Levi, A. M. 


Langdon, S. 


245 


Lewis, A. 


Langall, L. 


154 


Lewis, C. B. 


Lapham. H. A . 


244 


Lewis, D. B. 


Lash, A. H. 


85 


Lewis, Edwin, 


Lateward, H. E. G. 


102 


Lewis, E. 


Latham, J. 


90 


Lewis, "W. 


Lathrop. Miss 


241 


Lewis, Mrs. 


Lauffer, J. 


147 


Libbey, Miss 


Lawrence, J. 


28 Liebendorfer. E. 


Lawrence, J. J. 


70 


Liddell, Miss 


Lawrence, Miss 


241 


Lillie, A. 


Lawson, J. 


24 


Lincke, J. T. 


Law son, J. C. 


202 


Linder, C, 


Layer, Johannes, 


147 


Lipp, C.W. 


Layer, J. 


149 


Lish, A. B. 


Layton, Miss 


243 


Little, C. 


Lazarus. G. 


102 Littlei H. 


Leavitt, E. H. 


140 Lloyd, J. A. 


Lechler, J. 


91 Locker, Miss 


Lechler, J. M. 


45 Lockhardt, Miss 



34 Macdonald, J.A.L . 

45 I Macdonald, K. S. 
19 Macdonald, R. 
240 Macdonald, R. C. 
238 I Macdonald, Miss 
147 Macfarlane, W. 
237 Mack, J. 

4l Mack, Johannes, 

91 Maokay, P. 
147 Mackay, Miss 

91 Mackey, W. S. 

25 Mackichan, D. 

69 i Mackintosh, L. 
lOSjMacXiven, Miss 

85 Macrae, J. 
237 MacRitchie, Miss 
242 Maddox, R. H. 



94 
149 
150 
224 
186 

85 
243 
172 
243 
164 

37 

43 
137 
137 
108 

45 
227 
178 
103 
147 
248 
210 

44 

173 
2 

183 
85 
49 

216 

123 

123 
123 

85 
240 
115 

24 
147 

2* 

17 
126 
123 

24 

228 
237 

85 



INDEX. 



265 



Madeconda, E. 164 


Masillamani, S. (2) 85 


Metcalfe, Miss 242 


Maderup, 0. . 5 


Mason, M. C. ^160 


Meyer, J. J. 93 


Madho-Ram, 86 


Massie, J. W. 40 


Mendro, 160 


Mahanty, Dam. Ill 


Matchett, A. 93 


Metz, J. F. 150 


Mahanty, Deen. 112 


Mateer, S. 34 


Midwinter, E. 50 


Mahanty, J. 112 


Mather, R. C. 43 


Mieg, M. 147 


Mahatekar, L. R. 123 


Mathuranaigam, S. 66 


Miles, E. 228 


Maisch, J. 90 


Mathissen, F. J. 147 


Mill, J. C. 95 


Maitra, G. D. 123 


Mault, C. 39 


Millar, Mrs. 239 


Makasare, S. C. 56 


Mawbey, G. W. 50 


Miller, C. 42 


Makasare, T. A. 56 


Maxwell, T. 96 


Miller, E. C. 248 


Makepeace, J. 25 


May, R. 37 


Miller, W. (1) 41 


Male, A. H. 108 


Maver, T. J. L. 85 


Miller, W. (2) l25 


Mai jong, 160 


Mayr, A. 177 


Miller, W. (3) l26 


Mallet, W. G. 95 


Mayon, J. 192 


Miller, W. S. 25 


Maloba, L. 85 


McAuley, W. H. 138 


Miller, Miss 241 


Mamen, O. 85 


McCarter, Miss 237 


Milward, H. C. 94 


Manley, W. R. 164 


McCarthy, J. A. 94 


Minor, Mrs. 242 


Manner, J. T. 147 


McCumby, A. 16 


Mintridge, J. 25 


Mansell, H. 202 


McEwen, J. 138 


Misal, S. B. 123 


Manson, Miss 237 


McGrew, G. H. 203 


Mishra, J. 167 


Manuel, A. 103 


McHenry, A. IX 203 


Mitchell, J, 124 


Manthey-zorn, C. 179 


McKee, J. 184 


Mitchell, W. (I) 90 


Manwaring, A. 85- 


McKee,J. P. 197 


Mitchell r W. (2) 96 


Mardon, R. 24 


McKenna, A. 16 


Mitchell, Miss ' 241 


Mardwai, 103 


McLaurin, J. 223 


Mitter, P. L. NV 103 


Margoschis, A. 103 


McLeod, J. N. 141 


Mix, B. J, 158 


Markas, 103 


McMahon, J. T. 203 


Modak, R. V. 56 


Mark as, "W. 103 


McMaster, G. 135 


Moericke, C. 150 


Marks, J. E. 103 


McMillan, G. W. 69 


Mogling, H. 149 


Marks, P. 248 


McMordie, W. 184 


Mohl, K. E.. 8 


Markus, H. 244 


McQuiston, J. 216 


Mohun v D. 85 


Marsh, J. 91 


Mead, C. 104 


Monelle, Miss 243 


Marshall, A. J. Id7 


Meadowcroft, D; 50 


Montgomery, R. 184 


Marshman, J. 20 


Meadows, R. R. 85 


Moody, N. J. 93 


Marston, Miss 241 


Meadland, A. 93 


Moor, W. 24 


Martin, C. A, 2\Q 


Meischel, J. F. 178 


Moore, D. 184 


Martin, G. 2 16 


Mellon, H. 92 


Moore, P. H. 160 


Martin, S. 197 


Melvin, "W. F. 116 


Moore, W. A. 210 


Martin, T. 16 


Menge, C. 91 


Moothoo, C. 


Martin, W. 63 


Menge, J. P. 92 


MORAVIAN MISSION 193 


Martz, G. 186 


Mengert, H. 149 


Morewood, J . B. 90 


Masih-Das, 103 


Menke, Miss, 242 


Morgan, A. 96 


Masih, S. 85 


Mentel, J. D. 7 


Morgan, F. E. 64 


Masillamani, C. 34 


Merk, J. N. 93 


Morgan, T. 116 


Mason, G. 34 


Merkle, A. 154 


Morison, D. 229 


Masillamani, A. 103 


Messmore, J. H. 203 


Morris, R. 138 


Masillamani, S. (}) 85 


METH.Epis.Cn.M.198 


Morris, T. 90 


34 



266 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



Morris, W. E. 50 ' 

Morrison, J. H. 135 
Morrison, W. J.P.I 35 

Morrow. H. 158 

Morse. W. 91 

Mortimer, T. 248 

Morton, T. E. F. 210 

Morton, W. 44 

Mountfort, C. 85 

Muckin, R. 164 

Mudge, J. 203 

Muhlheisen, J. J. 92 

Mulela, J. 164 

Mulil, A. H7 

Mullen, J. J. 91 

Mullens, J. 46 

Mullet, C. 150 

Muller, G. F. 150 

Muller, J. (1) 150 

Muller, J. (2) 154 

Muller, J. F. 147 

Muller, S. 151 

Muller, W. J. 6 

Mundy, G. 39 

Munger, S. B. 58 

Munnis, R. M. 139 

Murdoch, J. 214 

Murray, J. D. M. 103 

Muston, H. J. 221 
MUTINY OF 1857,131, 

170,195,198 

Muzzy, C. F. 71 

Mya-Mai, 158 

Myers, J. H. HI 

Mylius, A. 218 

NABI-BAKSH, 135 

Nagapogu, ". 164 

Naik, D. 112 

Naik, G. S. Ill 

Naik, K. Ill 

Naik, Kamal, 167 
Najanapragasam, 8 

Nallathambi, 8 

Nallathambi, A. 246 

Nallathambi, J. 85 

Nallathambi, N. I7t 

Nallathambi, S. 86 



Nandi, G. 
Nanendiram, M.R. 
Narsa, K. 
Nath, K. M. 
Nathamiel, "W. 
Nathaniel, M. 
Nathaniel z, J. H. 
Nathanielz, Z. 
Navalkar, G. 
Naylor, J. 
Needham, Miss 
Neeld, F. L. 
Neeve, C. A. 
Nelson, Miss 
Nemo, P. 
Nesbit, R. 
Newell, S. 
Newhall, A. A. Jr, 

Newlon, W. E. 

Newman, E. 

Newport. G. O. 

Newton, C. B. 

Newton, E. P. 

Newton, F. J. 

Newton, J. 

Newton, J. Jr. 

Nichols, C. A. 

Nichols, J. 

Nichols, M. H. 

Nichols, S. W. 

Nicholson, J. 

Nicholson, T. 

Nicholson, T. K. 

Nickerson, Miss 

Nimmo, J. E. 

Niles, D. P. 

Niles, S. 

Niebel. C. G. 

Noble, R. P. 

Nomalrt, N. 

Norgate, J. N. 

Norman, H. B. 
, Norris, J. F. 

Norris, Miss 

Norris, Miss, Dr. 

North, A. 

Northrup, J. A. 

Norton, A. 



139 


Norton, T. 


90 


139 


Norton, T. J. 


91 


164 


Nott, S. 


58 


103 


Nottrott, C. A. 


172 


191 


Noyes, E. 


168 


186 


Noyes J. T. 


67 


245 


Nowrojee, D. 


123 


245 ; Nowrojee, R. 


86 


123 Nowack, W. 


172 


50 


Nubling, W. 


147 


238 


Nugent, C. P. C. 


86 


204 


Nyanabranam, M. 


34 


86 






239 


OAKES, T. H. 


210 


172 


Oakley, W. 


247 


124 


Obuch, G. W. 


5 


58 


Ochs, C. E. C. 


217 


164 


Ogilvie, J. 


116 


210 


Ohol, W. V. 


56 


92 


Omed, 


160 


34 


Onasch, J. H. C. 


172 


136 


Ongolu, A. 


164 


136 


Orbison, J. H. 


140 


136 


Organ e, S. 


50 


136 


Osborn, W. B. 


210 


140 


Osborne, D. 


210 


158 


Osborne, J. F. 


92 


58 


Osborn, J. M. 


245 


210 


Ostermeier, J.S.K. 


147 


165 


Oswell, G. D. 


103 


24; * 


Ott, P. 


147 


27 


Ott,- 


173 


93 


Ouchterlony, C. A 


177 


243 


Owen, J. 


138 


40 






245 


PACKER, J. 


158 


245 


Packer, Miss 


238 


235 


Padfield, F. E. 


86 


92 


Padmanji. B. 


129 


164 


Paesler, L. T. 


177 


91 


Page, J. C. 


26 


103 


Page, Mr. 


241 


158 


Pagell, J. L. E. 


194 


241 


Paine, B. H. 


41 


242 


Painter, A. F. 


86 


72 


Pakiam, M. 


177 


211 


Pakianaden, 


8 


229 


Pakkiam, D. 


103 



INDEX. 



267 



Pakianadham, J. 
Pakianadham, J.H 
Palmer, H. K. 
Palmer, Miss 
Pamperrieu, 11. K. 
Paproth, 
Paramanandham. S 
Parenjothy, G. 
ParinbauayagainC. 
Parinbanayager, J. 
Parinbam, D. 
Park, C. W. 
Parker, E. W. 
Parker, J. H. 
Parker, H. P. 
Parnpershad, K. 
Parsons, G. 
Parsons, G. H. 
Parsons, J. 
Parsons, John, 
Patton, Miss 
Parry, J. 
Parthasarady, C. 
Paterson, J. 
Patra, S. 
Patra, T. 
Patterson, C. A. 
Patterson, D. H. 
Patterson, G. 
Patterson, H. S. 
Patterson, Miss C. 
Patterson, Miss J. 
Patteson, Miss 
Patteson, Miss M. 
Pattison, J. T. 
Paul, A. C. 
Paul, B. N. 
Paul, J. 
Paul, S. 
Paulus, N. 
Pawar, R. D. 
Payne, J. E. 
Payne, Miss 
Pazold, C. W. 
Peacock, H. 
Peake, F. 
Pearce, G. 
Pearce, W. H. 



86 


Pearson, J. D. 38 Pickford, J. I. 


247 


[. 86 


Pearson, J. G. 245 


Pierce, R. 


206 


69 


Peck, M. R. 72 


Pieris, C. 


244 


244 


Pedate, P. 164 


Pieris, F. H. 


246 


177 


Pedersen, J. A. 217 


Piffard, C. 


40 


173 


Peet, J. 91 


Pigott, H. R. 


244 


5.86 


Peento, I. 245 


Pike, J. G. 


111 


103 


Peerajee, P. 35 


Pilaventhrum, D. 


67 


.245 


Peggs,J. 112 


Plebst, G. 


151 


.246 


Penfield, T. B. 72 


Plutschau, H. 


4 


86 


Penney, J. 24 


Pohle, C. 


7 


56 


Perashapogu, A. 164 


?oltzenhagen, D. 


6 


204 


Pereira, D. D. 245 


Poor, D. 


69 


47 


Pereira, D. H. 245 


Porter,' E. 


43 


86 


Pereira, H. 245 


Ponappen, S. D. 


177 


103 


Pereira, J. M. 244 


Poolakoore, B. 


164 


25 


Pereira, J. S. 244 


Poolakore, P. 


164 


86 


Pereira, M. H.(l) 244 


Ponsaz, Mdlle. 


238 


25 


Pereira, M. H. (2) 246 


Porter, J. 


138 


25 


Pereira, P. 244 


Porter, W. 


46 


239 


Pereira, P. B. 24s 


Poulier, J. A. 


245 


25 


Perianayagam, J. 103 


Poulsen, I. C. 


187 


35 


Perianayagam, R. 103 


Pourie, J. 


128 


42 


Perianayagam, T. 177 


Prabhu, D. 


10s 


111 


Periyanayagam, M. 86 


Pratt, B. 


108 


111 


Perfey, Miss 239 


Pratt, Miss 


239 


116 


Perowne, J. 90 


Pressier, C.F. 


5 


128 


Peter, P. 247 


Prichett, E. 


37 


108 


Peters, B. 211 


Prechnow, J. D. 


92 


95 Peterson, T. F. 218 


Price, W. J. 


158 


. 237 Petersen, P. 0. 218 


Price, W. 8. 


93 


. 237 Petruse, 24 


Priestly, J. J. 


103 


242 Pettitt, G. 91 


Pultz, Miss 


243 


. 243 Pfander, C. G. 91 


Puxley, E. S. 


95 


44 Pfleiderer, C. 148 






204 Pfleiderer, G. 151 


RAE, G. M. 


123 


103 Philip, 8 


Ragapate, J. 


164 


35 Phillips, E. A. 35 


Ragland, T. G. 


92 


86 Phillips, E. G. 160 


Raikes, Miss 


240 


187 Phillips, Jer. 168 


Ramanoojum, S. 


128 


56 


Phillips, J. 24 


Rajahgopal, P. 


123 


34 


Phillips, J. L. 167 


Ram Charn, 


86 


241 


Philllips, M. 35 


Ramkhe, 


160 


7 


Phillips, J. W. 25 ! Rammee, H. 


218 


24 


Phillips, W. B. 35 


Ramsay, A. 


44 


96 


Phillips, Miss H.P. 238 


Ramsey, W. 


57 


16 


Phillips, Miss I. 0. 238 


Ranesinghe, C. P 


. 244 


24 


Picken, W. H. J. 108 Rangiah, T. 


164 



268 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTOR*. 



Rankin, J. C. 
Rasenthiram, A. 
Rasenthiram, D. 
Ratnam, M. 
Ratnayake, J. G. 
Rathawad. S. M. 
Rathbun, Miss 
Rayappen, 
Ray, E. 
Raza, I. V. 
Rea. G. T. 
Read, H. 
Reade. Miss 
Rebsch. W. 
Rechler, J. T. 
Redman, J. 
Redslob, F. A. 
Reed, F. T. 
Reed W. 
Rees, D. H. 
Reeve. W. 
Regel, J. A. 
Reichardt, T. 
Reid, J. 
Iteinert, E. 
Reinhardt, L. 
Rendall, Miss, 
Render, S. 
Renter, C. 
Reuther, C. F. 
Reuther, Mias 
Reynolds, E. 
Reynolds, R. V. 
Rhenins, C. J. 
Rhenius, C. T. E. 
Rhodes, J. 0. 
Ribbentropp, 
Rice, B. 
Rice, B. H. 
Rice, E. P. 
Rice, H. 
Richards, I. A. 
Richards, J. 
Richards, R. 
Richards, W. J. 
Richter, G. 
Richsteig, S. G. 
Eicketts, J. W. 



138 


Riddett, A. P. 


108 Royston, P. S. 


94 


86 


Ridley, W. 


95 


Rudolph, A. 


136 


86 


Ridsdale, J. 


90 


Ruhland, A. . 


148 


87 


Ridsdale. S. 


90 


Rudra, P. M. 


87 


244 


Riehm, It. 


153 


Rulfssen, L. F. 


7 


57 


Rigg, E. 


245 


Runkhu, 


160 


241 


Ringeltaube, W. T 


. 37 


Runganatham, C. 


35 


8 


Hitter, G. 


148 


Runganatham, C. 


116 


39 


Robb, W. 


216 


Russell, J. 


44 


87 


Roberts, E. 


109 


Russell, Miss 


242 


183 


Roberts, H. 


189 


Ryden, S. 


178 


57 


Roberts. J. 


189 






244 


Roberts, W. A; 


87 


SAHOO, SHEM, 


111 


87 


Roberts, W. H. 


158 


Sahoo, S. 


112 


194 


Robertson, J. 


41 


Sair-Tay, 


158 


87 


Robertson, James, 


123 


Salave, L. M. 


57 


194 


Robertson, J. S. S. 


91 


Sale, J. 


25 


25 


Robbins, W. E. 


211 


Salmon, T. 


40 


137 


Robinson, J. 


24 


Sampson, E. 


95 


108 


Robinson, J. E. 


211 


Sampson, W. 


25 


38 


Robinson, R. 


25 


Sampson, W. C. 


59 


44 


Robinson, W. 


24 


Samuel, A. 


87 


90 


Robinson, William 


35 


Samuel, A. M. 


179 


42 


Robson, J. 


216 


Samuel, D. 


103 


173 


Robson, W. 


128 


Samuel. I. 


87 


153 


Rockwood, Miss 


242 


Samuel, J. 


109 


242 


Rodger, Miss 


244 


Samuel, N. N, 


177 


38 


Rodgers, C. F. 


214 


Samuel, P. 


b7 


154 


Roeck, C. 


153 


Samuel, S. 


87 


93 


Roer, J. H. E. V. 


45 


Samuel, W. 


116 


238 


Rogers, E. 


92 


Sandegren, C. J. 


177 


92 


Rogers, F. 


91 


Sandel, H. N. 


103 


90 


Rogers, W. S. 


138 


Sandberg, P. L, 


92 


92 


Rose, A. T. 


158 


Sandys, D. C, 


236 


90 


Rosen, D. 


8 


Sandys, T. 


90 


245 


Ross, W. 


129 


Sanford, R. 


223 


173 


Roth, W. 


148 


Santhosham, S. 


87 


35 


Rotti, J. M. 


35 


Sarangee, G. D. 


113 


246 


Rottler, J. P. 


7 


Sargent, Bishop, 


79 


35 


Roul, J. 


112 


Sargent, R. J. 


48 


116 


Rouse, G. H. 


17 


Sarkunan, G. 


87 


211 


Rout, P. 


112 


Sartorius, J. A. 


5 


87 


Row, C. 


109 


Sattianaden, 


8 


24 


Row, I. F. 


211 


Satthianadham.W.T 87 


87 


Rowe, A. D. 


186 


Sauvain, F. 


152 


152 


Rowe, J. 


24 


Savarimuttu, D. 


103 


5 


Rowland, A. G. 


67 


Savarimuttu, A. 


67 


24 


Rowlands, W. E. 


247 1 Savariroyam, M. 


87 



INDEX. 



269 



Sawday, G. W. 109 


Scott, T. J. 204 


Sherring, M, A. 48 


Sawyer, A. 191 


Scott, T. L. 197 


Sheshadri, IS T . 123 


Sawyer, W. 90 


Scott, Miss A. E. 239 


Shiddalingappa, P. 35 


Savre, E. H. 141 


Scott, Miss 240 


Shillidy, J. 183 


Schaffer, H. A. E. 177 Scott, Mrs. 239 


Shipham, A. 245 


Sebaft'ter, H. J. 87 


Scriba, C. 218 


Shirreff, F.A.P. 88 


Schaffter, P. P. 90 


Scudder, D. C. 72 


Shirt, G. 88 


Sch after, W. P. 95 


Scudder, E. C. 192 


Shoolbred, W. 216 


Schanz, H. 179 


Scudder, H. M. 231 


Shreves, 0. 211 


Schauffler, T. F. 148 


Scudder, John, Sr. 233 


Shrewsbury, G. 49 


Scliawrirayen, 8 


Scudder, John, 191 


Shrieves, J. 44 


Schenkel, K. 148 


Scudder, Joseph, 192 


Shurman, J. A. 43 


Schepman, G. 218 


Scudder, J. W. 191 


Shway-Noo, 136 


Schlunk, C. 153 


Scudder, S. D. 192 


Shway-Nvo, 103 


Schlunk, F. 153 


Scudder, W. W. 192 


Sibley, J.'W. 229 


Schmeisser, K. H. 178 


Scudder, Miss 243 


Sido, W. 88 


Schmid, D. 90 


Seal, M. S. 87 


Sikemeier, W. E. 148 


Schmid, G. 154 


SEALKOTE MISSION 195 


Slater, T. E. 35 


Schmid, L. B, E. 90 


Sebagnanam, I. 88 


Silva, A. 239 


Schmidli, H. C. 153 


Sebastian, A. 103 


Silva, C. W. 246 


Schmidt, H. C. 187 


Seeley, A. H. 138 


Silva, D. S. 246 


Schmolck, W. 148 


Seeley, G. A. 136 


Silva, I. 244 


Schnarre, C. 57 


Seeley, Miss 239 


Silva, J. 244 


Schnarre, J. C. 90 


Seelye, Miss 241 


Silva, S. 246 


Schneider, F. E. 91 


Seeram, 2- 1 


Simeon, J. 88 


Schnepf, W. 154 


Seiler, G. W. 141 


Simeon, L. 88 


Schober, C. 154 


Sell, E. 88 


Simeon, V. 88 


Schoch, S. G. 152 


SEONI MISSION, 229 


Simmons, J. D. 94 


Schollkopf, J. J. 7 


Seward, Miss 239 


Sinclair, D. 116 


Schonthal, W. P. 148 


Sewell, J. 44 


Sinclair, David, 127 


Schorasch, 173 


Seymour, E. 67 


Singh, Daud, 88 


Schreiber, C.C.T. 93 


Shackell, H. W. 94 


Singh, P. Ill 


Schreyvogel, D. 8 


Shah, B. 88 


Singh, Y. K, 103 


Schroeter, C. G. 90 


Shah, G. 17 


Sisson, Miss 244 


Schultze, B. 4 


Shah, Imam, 88 


Shelton, B H. 96 


Schultee. 235 


Sharp, John, 88 


Skinner, J. 37 


Schurr, F, 92 


Sharp, J. 95 


Skirving, Miss 237 


Schwartz, C. F. (I) 6 


Sharrock, J. A. 103 


Skrefsrud, L. 0. 221 


Schwartz, C. F. (2) 93 


Shaw, H .W. 139 


Slater, J. R. 109 


Schwartz, J. M. N. 177 


Shaw, J. 211 


Sloan, Miss 237 


Schwarz, E. 153 


Shaw, Miss 237 


Small, G. 25 


Schweizer, Miss 242 


Shearman, J, 96 


Small, J. 123 


Seott, E. P, 165 


Sheldon, J. 88 ! Small, Miss 237 


Scott, G, W, 197 


Sheldon, Miss 241 Smith, B. B. 168 


Scott, J. 245 


Shelton, C. S. 72 


Smith, C. M. 


Scott, J. E. 04 


Shepherd, J. 216 


Smith, D. A. W. 158 


Scott, J. L. 1 38 


Shepherd, K. D. 103 Smith James, (1) 17 


Seott, ft. 123 ' Shepstone, J. 245 ; Smith, James, (2) 36 



270 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



Smith, James (3) 57 

Smith, John, (1) 39 

Smith, John, (2) 41 

Smith, J. H. 112 

Smith, K. 11. 160 

Smith, T. 126 

Smith, T. S. 246 

Smith, W. (1) 24 

Smith, W. (2) 91 

Smith, W. (3) 96 

Smith, Miss M. 240 

Smith, Miss 241 

Smylie, H. 25 

Snashall, H. 91 

Snyder, W. E. 186 

Scans, W. 95 

SOCY.,GOSPKLPROP. 1,97 

SOCY. P. C. K. 1,3 
Solomon, D. 

Solomon, P. 103 

Sommer, F. 173 

Sommer, F. V. 45 

Sommerville, J. 216 

Soorjoo, 221 

Spaight, A. B. 94 

Sparkes, Miss 243 

Sparr, J. A. 245 

Speechly, J. M. 94 

Speer, J. C. G. 178 

Speers, J. 184 

Spence, Miss 243 

Spencer, F. A. 206 

Spencer, W. M. 109 
Sperschneider, J.G. 8 

Spratt, J. 92 

Spratt, T. 94 

Squires, H. C. 88 

Squires, R. A. 88 

Spillmann, G. 154 

Spurgeon, R. 17 

Stahlin, W. 178 

Stanger, T. G. 150 

Stark, A. 88 

Start, W. 234 

Do. MISSION OF 234 

Statham, J. 24 

Steele, J. 71 

Stegman, E. P. H. 7 



3t. Diago, J. 103 

Stephen, D. 88 

Stephen, W. 129 

Stephens, C. L. 189 
Stephenson, W. W. 36 

Stern, H. 88 

Stern, J. A. L. 94 

Steram, S. 164 

Steinberg, A. 173 

Sternberg, C. F. 173 

Sternberg, AV. 173 

Stevens, E. A. 158 

Stevens, E. 0. 158 

Stevens, W. H. 211 

Stevenson, E, 197 

Stevenson, F. 95 

Stevenson, F. R. 244 

Stevenson, W. 123 
Stevenson, W. H. 123 

Steward, J. 90 

Stickney, D. 246 

Stierlen, F. 148 

Stokes, W. 148 

Stolko, J. 235 

Stoll, A. 224 

Stoll, And. 154 

Stolz, C. 153 

Stolzenberg, G. 92 

Stone, C. 91 

Stone, Cyrus, 58 

Stone, G. I. 211 

Stone, I. 89 

Stone, J. S. 211 

Storrow, E. 47 

Storrs, C. E. 95 

Storrs, T. 95 

Storrs, W. T. 94 

Stothert, R. 123 

Strachan, A. 50 

Strachan, J. M. 103 

Strawbridge, A. 98 

Strive, P. 173 

Strobel, J. 152 

Strutt, E. 243 

Stuart.E C. 93 

Stuart, F. 89 

Stubbins, I. 1 12 

Stulpnagel, 173 



Sugden, J. 47 

Sulivan, H. 0. 109 

Summers, E. S. 17 

Sundosham, D. 103 

Supper, C. F. 25 

Supper, G. 150 

Sutherland, W. S. 116 

Sutton, A. 112 

Suveshamuttu A. 103 

Swain, Miss 243 

Swamidasen. A. 103 

Swamidasen, S 103 
Swamidasen, Sand. 89 

Swan, T. 24 

Swift, E. P. 197 

Symes, J. G. 92 

Symous, S. E. 109 

TANNER, C. 94 

Tarrie, 104 

Tarynah, 104 

Tating, T. 94 

Taylor, A. 104 

Taylor, G. J. 92 

Taylor, G. 112 

Taylor, G. P. 183 

Taylor, H. S. 72 

Taylor, J. 104 

Taylor, John, 37 

Taylor, Jos. 39 

Taylor, J. F. 36 

Taylor, J. V. S. 183 

Taylor, W. 40 

Taylor, William, 211 

Taylor. Miss 237 
Taylor, Miss M. S.242 

Teatu, B. 164 

Tebb, R. 245 

Talure, D. 164 

Tay-Toy, 158 

Tedford, L. B. 136 

Templeton, A. 129 

Thackwell, R. 136 

Thakur, G. L. 197 

Tharien, J. 89 

Tharmakan, V. 89 
THEOL. SEMINARIES : 

Ahmednagar, 55 

Bareilly, 199 



INDEX. 



271 



Mangalore, 

Hidnapore, 

Nagercoil, 

Ramapatain, 

Ranchee, 

Sealkote, 

Tirumangalam , 
Thiede, Miss 
Thoburn, J. M. 
Thoburn, Miss 
Thorn, Miss 
Thomas, Miss J . 
Thoma, A. 
Thomas, C. 
Thomas, D. W. 
Thomas, J. 
Thomas, John, 
Thomas, James, 
Thomas, Jacob, 
Thomas, J. D. 
Thomas, J. T. 
Thomas, J. W. 
Thomas, M. 
Thomas, Mut. 
Thomas, S. C. 
Thomas. William, 
Thomas, W. 
Thomas, Mrs. 
Thompson, C. E. 
Thompson, C. S. 
Thompson, J. 
Thompson, Jas. C 
Thompson, J. C. 
Thompson, J. M. 
Thompson, "W. 
Thomsen, IS". 
Thomson, A. 
Thomson, T. S. 
Thomson, J. 
Thorn, Miss 
Thumm, J. J. 
Thwaites, W. 
Timpany, A. V. 
Todd, W. 
Torbet, H. 
Toller, H. 
Townley, H 
Tracy, J. E. 



143 Tracv, T. 


136 


Vethakan, A. 248 


167 


Tracy, W. 


71 


Vethamuthu, A. 104 


29 


Traft'ord. J. 


25 


Vethamutta, A. 89 


161 


Traill, J. 


216 


Vethanayagam, D. 89 


171 


Traub, J. Fr. 


153 


Vethanayagam, T. 89 


196 


Traveller, C. 


38 


Vethanayagam, V. 89 


61 


Trawin, S. 


38 


Vette, Miss 240 


239 


Trench, R. F. T. 


96 


Vickers, R H. 94 


212 


Trentler, G. 


235 


Vines, C. E. 95 


243 , Trott, Miss 


242 


Vinton, J. B. 158 


240 Trummer, J. G. 


246 


Viravagu, D. 89 


240 


Trump, E. 


93 


Vores, S. 89 


89 


Tucker, F. 


25 


Voss, 173 


89 


Tucker, H. J. 


25 


Voss, W. L. 173 


204 


Tucker, J. 


91 




91 


Tucker, J. T. 


92 


WADE, T. R. 89 


18 


Tucker, Miss 


240 


Wagchawere, D. T. 57 


24 


Tugu, A. 


173 


Wagchawere, G. L. 57 


165 


Tugu, N. 


173 


Wagner, G. 148 


89 


Tunbridge, J. 


89 


Waldock, F. D. 244 


24 


Turnbull, A. 


43 


Walker, G. 94 


17 


Turnbull, G. 


116 


Walsh, J. J. 139 


36 






W-alsh, Miss 239 


67 


UFFMANN, P. H. 


137 


Walter, S. 148 


160 


Unangst, E. 


186 


Walther, C. T. 5 


24 


Ullmann, J. F. 


136 


Walton, G. 40 


158 


Uhl, L. L. 


186 


Walton, J. H. 36 


241 


Unmeyudian, V. 


36 


Walton, W. M. 245 


49 


TJngerth, L. E. 


227 


Walz, T. M. 148 


89 


Unwin, G. F. 


247 


Wannal, R. D. 109 


37 


Upham, Miss 


242 


Wannske. J. H. 177 


41 


Urquhart, Miss 


237 


Ward, C. B. 212 


91 






Ward, E. B B. 230 


109 


VALENTINE, C. S. 


231 Ward, F. D. W. 68 


43 


Valentine, G. M. 


91 Ward, N. M. 24 


217 


Valett, P. L. M. 


48 Ward, W. 21 


50 


Vanes, J. A. 


109 Ward, William 165 


36 


Valpy, A. B. 


94 Ward, Miss 241 


116 


Vathamuttu, D. 


67 


Warden, J. B. 40 


238 


Vathanaiagam, G. 


67 


Wardlaw, J. 46 


148,. 


Vaughan, J. 


89 


Wareham, E. A. 50 


89 


Vaughn, J. A. 


111 


Warrack, Miss 237 


223 


Vedakan, S. 


89 


Warren, J. 138 


70 


Vedakkan, A. 


104 


Warren, R. 95 


212 


Vedadella, J. 


164 


Warren, Mrs. 239 


50 


Vodanayagam, 


8 


Warth, C. 148 


38 


Veil, J. 


148 


Warth, C. F. 91 


67 Veil, J. F. 


148 


Wushburn. G. T. 67 



272 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



Wathen, F. 95 

Watt, D. G. 46 

Waugh, J. W. 205 

Wauton, Miss 240 
Weatherhead, T. K. 89 

Weatherby, S. S. 206 

Webb, E. 68 

Webb, Mrs. 240 

Weber, G. H. 89 

Webster, D. 158 

Webster, F. M. 246 
Weitbrecbt, H. U. 89 

Weitbrecht, J. J. 91 

Weigle, C.G. 154 

Weigle, G. 150 

Weismann, T. 148 

Weiss, J. J. 224 

Weithbrecht, K 154 

WELSH CALV. Miss 188 

Well, J. A. 245 

Welland, J. 95 

Wells, S. R. 57 

Welsh, G. 43 

Welsch, J. 148 

Wendig, B A. 246 

Wendig, B. S. 246 

Wendlant, H. W. 178 

Wendnagel, J. C. 92 

We.nger, A. 153 

Wenger, J. 26 

Wernicke, A. 235 

Werth, 0. 173 
WESL'N.MISS SOC'Y 1 95 

West, Miss 238 

Wheeler, F. M. 207 

Wheeler, J. B. 95 

Wheler, Miss 244 

Wherry, E. M. 137 

Wherry, Miss 239 

White, A. 128 

White, C. T. 69 

White, W. 117 

Whiteclmrch, J. 93 
Whitehouse, J. 0. 46 , 

Whitley. J. C. 104' 

Whitney. J. 109 



Whitton, D. 
Whyte, W. 
Wiederroctr , J. C. 
Wilder, R. G. 
Wilkie, J. 
Wilkin, S. R. 
Wilkins, W. J. 
Wilkinson, F. 
Wilkinson, H. 
Wilkinson, J. H. 
Wilkinson, M. 
Wilkinson, M J. 
Wilkinson, W. 
Willenberg, P. R. 
William, A. 
Williams, A. 
Williams, C. 
Williams, H. 
Williams, J. (1) 
Williams, J. (2) 
Williams, J. H. 
Williams, M. 
Williams, R, 
Williams, R. E. 
Williams, R. R. 
Williams, T. 
Williamson, U. D. 
Williamson, J. 
Williamson, Miss 
Willkomm, 0. H. 
Wilson, H. R. 
Wilson, I. 
Wilson, Miss 
Wmsor, S. R. 
Wilson, J. 
Wilson, J. Dr. 
Wilson, James (1) 
Wilson, James (2) 
Wilson, P. T. 
Winckler, J. C. E. 
Windley, T. W. 
Winslow, M. 
Winston, W. R. 
Winter, R. R. 
Wirghese, M. 
Wolfe. A. F. 

THE END. 



123 Wolff, Miss, 


237 


50 Wollaston, M. W. 


46 


5 Wood, G. W. 


212 


139 


Wood, H. 


111 


226 


Wood, W. 


58 


246 


Woodcock, W. 


H 


36 


Woodside, J. S. 


137 


36 


Woodside, Miss 


239 


112 


Woodward, Miss 


241 


94 


Woolston, Miss 


243 


90 


Worm, A. 


5 


93 


Worrlein, J. 


218 


93 


Wrav, J. 


139 


245 


Wright, W. 


93 


191 


Wurtele, C. J. 


152 


17 


Wurth, G. 


150 


68 


Wyatt, J. L. 


104 


89 


Wybrow, F. 


91 


25 


Wyckoff, B. 


141 


89 


Wyckoff, J. H. 


191 


219 


Wylie, T. W. J. 


137 


36 


Wynkoop, T. S. 


141 


25 


Wynne, E. 


95 


140 


YARN OLD, A. 


96 


164 


Yates, W. 


24 


104 


Yeates, G. 


94 


89 Yesadian, G. 


104 


24 


Yesadiau, M. 


104 


240 


Yesudian, C. 


36 


179 Yesudian, G. 


89 


138 Yesudian, S. 


104 


90 ! Yesudian, S. G. 


lot 


239 


Yesudian, T. 


89 


57 


Yesudian, V. 


104 


95 


Yohon, 


164 


125 


Young, W. 


128 


116 


Youngson,J. W. 


116 


137 


ZADHAV, S. M. 


57 


205 


Zechariah, S. 


36 


90 Zeglin, D. 


5 


104 Ziegenbalg, B. 


4 


233 Ziegler, G. A. 


148 


245 


Ziegler, Fr. 


148 


104 Zieinann, G. W. 


173 


89 Zietzchmann. J. F. 


177 


177 Zucker, J. F. 


179 



INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY ADVERTISER.- ^ 

THE PUHJAB &ELIGXOUS TRACT "AND 
BOOK SOCIETY, LAHORE. 

A LARGE COLLECTION OF THE BEST 
ENGLISH RELIGIOUS BOOKS that can be found 
at home is always kept on hand ; together with vernacu- 



ERRATA. 

P. ,.2, L. 46 for " A'' rend " 0." 

P. 35, L. 8 for " Bengal" read " Bangalore." 

P.' 83, L. IT for " Palcutta" read " Calcutta." 

.1'! 136, L, 30 for " 1849" read " 1839." 

P. 228, L. 24 for " Bordeu" read " Bowden." 

ADDENDA. 

P. 105, L. 12 (The llev. J, J, Hull) add : 

Died, 1881. 
P. 167, bottom, add: 

CURTIS, SILAS. B. 1830. 0. 1872. Ad. Jellasore, On'ssa. 

NATK, K. B. 1837 0. 1871, Ad. Balasore, Do. 

P. '204, after Paul, Ambica Cham, ndd : 

PETERS, WILLIAM. 0. January 9.1881. Ad. Gonda. Oudh. 
P. 230, inider VII. BETHEL MISSION*, add : 

PATTERSON, HUGH. Ad., Bethel^ tiemjal. 



,, ZIKI, in tne press. 



JAMAAT UL FARAIZ, Vena's complete duty of man, stiff cover as. 6, paper 

cover, ... ... ... ... .. ...,,040' 

GITAWALI, Hymns and Songs, by Kev. J. F. Ullmann, cloth as. 6 

cloth stiff bound, ... ... ... .. ... . 5 o 

HAQIQI IRFAN, The true knowledge, by Eev. Imad-nd-din, ... . ,,040 

SALASAT UL KUTUB, Evidences of Christianity, by Captain R. Aikrr.au, ,,040 
PAKTAR JADSAN SAHIB Kf SARGUZASHT, Life of Dr. Judson, translated 

by iiev. J. J. Lucas, marble cover, as. 3; paper cover,. .. ..,,020 

BISHOP PATKSAN SAHIB KA AHWAL, Life of Bishop Patterson, 

translated by H. E. Perkins Esq., paper cover, ... ... ,,040 

HAQ!QAT us SUSAN, Susan Grey, paper cover, .. ... ...,,040 

MASIH IBX i ALLAH, What Think ye of Chdst, by Rev. J. Vaughan, ,,040 
TAIUQ UL HAYAT, The Way of Life, by Dr. Pfuuder, "... ... ,,040 

TAHQIQ ULI'MAN", Investigation of the true religion, by Rev. Imad-ud din, 040 
DIN I HAQQ KI TAHQIQ, An enquiry into the true religion,... ... ,,040 

TUHFAT UL ULAUA, A gift for the learned, ... ... ... .,030 

35 



272 



MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



Wathen, F. 95 
Watt, D. G. 46 
Waugh, J. W. 205 
Wauton, Miss 240 
Weatherhead, T. K. 89 
Weatherby, S. S. 206 
Webb, E. 68 
Webb, Mrs. 240 
Weber, G. H. 89 


Whitton, D. 
Whyte, W. 
Wiederroctf, J. C. 
Wilder, R. G. 
Wilkie, J. 
Wilkin, S. R. 
Wilkins, W. J. 
Wilkinson, F. 
Wilkiuson, H. 


123 
50 
5 
139 
226 
246 
36 
36 
112 


Wolff, Miss, 237 
Wollaston, M. W. 40 
Wood, G. W. 212 
Wood, H. Ill 
Wood, W. 58 
Woodcock, W. Jl 
Woodside, J. S. 137 
Woodside, Miss 239 
Woodward, Miss 241 



Wheeler, F. M. 
Wheeler, J. B. 
Wheler, Miss 
Wherry, E. M. 
Wherry, Miss 
White, A. 
White, C. T. 
White, W. 
Whitechurch, J. 
Whitehouse, J. 0. 
Whitley. J. C. 
Whitney. J. 



Wilson, J. 95 

Wilson, J. Dr. 125 
Wilson, James (1) 116 
Wilson, James (2) 137 
205 
90 
104 
233 
245 
104 
89 



207 

95 
244 
137 

239 i Wilson, P. T. 
123 Winckler, J. C. E. 

69 Windley, T- W. 
Il7j Winslow, M. 

93 Winston, W. R. 

46 ; Winter, R. R. 
104|Wirghese, M. 
109 Wolfe. A. F. 

THE END. 



Yohon, 
Young, W. 
Youngson,J. W 
ZA.DUAV, S. M. 
Zechariah, S. 
Zeglin, D. 
Ziegenbalg, B. 
Ziegler, G. A. 
Ziegler, Fr. 
Ziemann, G. W. 



164 

128 

116 

57 

36 

5 

4 

148 
148 
173 



Zietzchmann. J. F. 177 
177 : Zueker, J. F. 179 



INDIAN MISSION AEY DIRECTORY ADVERTISER.-^ 

THE PUNJAB EELIGIOTJS TE ACT AND 
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A LARGE COLLECTION OF THE BEST 
ENGLISH RELIGIOUS BOOKS that can he found 
at home is always kept on hand ; together with vernacu- 
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It is believed that nc Depository in India possesses so diver- 
sified a stock of the best religious works m the vernacular. 
PERSIAN-URDU BOOKS. 



INJI'L I MM'f KI TAFSI'R, Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew, by Rev. 

R. Clark and Rev. Moulvi Iiaad-ud din, full bound cloth, Rs. 3-4 and 

in paper cover ... ... ... ... ... Rs. 2 X) 

TAFSIR i AAMAL. Com't'y on the Acts of the Apostles by ditto, cloth full 

bound Its. 3, paper cover, ... ... ... ... ,,2 

MASIHI MUSAFIR, Banyan's Pilgrim's Progress, complete in one ) In the 

volume, with beautifully coloured Illustrations, ... j Press. 

JANQ i MUQADDAS, Buuyan's Holy War, ... In the Press. 

HIDAYAT I'L-MusLlMiN, A reply to lajaz i fsvri, by Rev. Imud-ud-diu, 

coloured Rs. 1-8, stiff cover, Rs. 1-4, paper cover, ... ... Rs. 100 

Af N A i DIL, The Hem t Book, with beautiful coloured Illustrations Rs. 1-8 

plain, stiff cover, ... ... ... ... ... -0 4 

MIFTAH UT TAURAT, Types of the Tabernacle in the Wilderness, with 

coloured Illustrations Rs. 1-8, plain stiff cover, ... ... ,,040 

TAFSIL UL KALAM, The Dublin Text Book, ... ... ... 1 o 

ALQAB I MASIHI, The Christian Titles, coloured as. 12, paper cover, ... ,,040 
INJIL i BAUD, The Gospel in the Psalms, by the Right Rev. the Lord 

Bishop of Lahore, coloured, as. 12, coloured back, as. 8, paper cover, ,,040 
YASU MASIH KA AHWAL, Life of Christ, by H. C. Tucker Esq., C. S. 

coloured, As. 8, paper bound As. 6, paper cover, ... ...,,040 

SURAB i HAYAT, Tue Mirage of Life, ... ... as. 8 and ,,040 

TAZKIHAT UL MOMININ,. Neauder's Memorials of Christian Life, trans- 

lated l-y Rev. Tara Chund, ... ... Part 1st, us. 8 and ,,040 

Do. do, do. ,, 2ml, in the press. 

JAMAAT UL FARAIZ, Venn's camplete duty of man, stiff cover as. 6, paper 

cover, ... ... ... ... .. ... ,,040 

GITAWALI, Hymns and Songs, by Rev. J. F. Ullmann, cloth as. 6 

cloth stiff bound, ... ... ... .. ... ,, 5 o 

HAQIQI IRFAN, The true knowledge, by Rev. Imad-ud-din, ... . ,,040 

SALASAT UL KUTUB, Evidences of Christianity, by Captain R. Aikrr.au, ,,040 
DAKTAU JADSAN SAHIB Kf SARGUZASHT, Life of Dr. Judson, translated 

by Rev. J. J. Lucas, marble cover, as. 3; paper cover,. .. ..,,020 

BISHOP PATKSAN SAHIB KA AUWAL, Life of Bishop Patterson, 

translated by H. E. Perkins Esq., paper cover, ... ...,,040 

HAQIQAT us SUSAN, Susan Grey, paper cover, .. ... ... 4 

MASIH IBS i ALLAH, What Think ye of Christ, by Rev. J. Vanghan, ,,040 
TARIQ UL HAYAT, The Way of Life, by Dr. Pfauder, "... ... ,,040 

TAHQIQ UL I'MAX, Investigation of the true religion, by Rev. Imad-ud din, ,,04 0. 
DIN i HAQQ KI TAHQIQ, An enquiry into the true religion,... ... ,,040 

TUHFAT UL ULAMA, A gift for the learned, ... ... ... .,030 

35 



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ted Re. 1-8. plain, ... .. ... ... .. ,,040 

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paper cover, ... .. ... ,,060 

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with beautiful coloured Illustrations, ... ... ... ,,280 

KITAB I MUQQADDAS KA AHWAL, Earth's Scripture History, cloth, ... ,,0 5 
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^s. 8 


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5 








7 


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3 


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3 


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3 


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7 


8 





7 


8 





1 


4 





3 


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3 


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2 


8 





3 


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No. 2 The Claim of Christ on the Human Conscience. Rev. 

W. Stevenson, M. A., Madras, ... 006 

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European and Native with one accord bear testimony to ite valuable alterative, tonic,diuretic and 
diaphoretic properties pronouncing it a most efficacious remedy in all those diseases arising from 
an fmpu i etffte of the blood and most strons-ly recommend it ia SCROFULOUS COMPLAINTS 
BOILS, PIMPLES and BLOTCHES OF THE SKIN, CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY. CA- 
CHEXIA, especially of Children, CONSTITUTIONAL SYPHILIS, CHRONIC RHEUMATISM 
certain diseases of the Skin, &c., &c. 

Prepared only by MESSRS. E. J. LAZARUS & Co., Medical Hall. Benares, from the original 
receipts of E. J. LAZARUS, M. D., and sold by Medicine Venders, at Ra. 2-8 per bottle 

D R . LAZAETJS'S DOMESTIC MEDICINES. 

Per Bottle 

INFANTILE FEVER POWDER (for Fevers, Teething, fcc , &c.), .. Rs. 1 4 

TONIC ANTTPERIODIC PILLS (Invaluable in Intermittent Fevers, Ague 
and Snleen and diseases of a periodic charaete-), ... ... 

SPLEEN PILLS (has cured thousand of cases of enlarged spleen), 
RESTRINGENT MIXTURE (for Diarrhoea, Colic, Gripes, Cramps, &c.) 
CHOLERA DROPS (most effectual if taken in time), ... ... 

BALSAMIC EXPECTORANT DROPS ;for Coughs Colds, Hoarseness 
Asthma. Fain in the Chest, Chronic Pleurisy, &c.). ... 

FAMILY LAXATIVE. A safe, certain and useful purgative, 
APERIENT PILLS (mild, prompt and safe). ... 

ANTIBIUOUS PILLS (stronger thRn above),... 
CARMINATIVE (Invaluable for Children), ... 
HAIR, TONIC (unrivalled for producing growth of the Hair), 
EMBROCATION (for Sprains. Chronic Rheumatism, &c.) . _ 

The above are most strongly recommended to parents, guardians and others residing m 
Districts where medical aid is not available. Thousands of eases have been cured by their judi- 
cious use. 

A printed pamphlet giving full instructions in wrapped round each bottle. 

Prepared only by MESSRS E. J. LAZARUS & Co., at the Medical Hall, Benares, from DR. 
LAZARUS' 8 original receipts and sold by all Medicine Venderi. 

96 



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BASEL GERMAN EVANQ. MISSION 

Balmattha Weaving Establishment. 
MANGALORE, 

ESTABLISHED 1844. 

THE undermentioned manufactures made of the best Manchester 
Twist, are now well known throughout India. 

Damask Table Cloths 

in several patterns, are made in eight different sizes, as to the breadth,, 
viz., 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, &, 9, and 10 feet, and as to length, anything 
that may be desired, 

Damask Table Napkins 20 & 24 in. square. 

Damask Side Slips in any length desired. 

Diamond Table Cloths 

Are made in Jive different sizes, as to the breadth, viz., 5, 6, 6J, 7i 
and 7 feet, and as to length, anything that may be desired. 

Diamond Table Napkins 

Diamond Side Slips 

Table Covers* colours : 

Counterpanes 

For single & double Cots. 

Toilet Table Covers- 
Furniture Cover Cloth, 6J feet wide, Fancy Scotch 

pattern. 

Toilet Towels. 
"Washing Towels. 

Bathing Towels, rough and large. 

Trowserings, Coatings, Tweeds, Diagonal, 
Drills, Canvas, Jhoolings Bed-Ticking, 

Ginghams, 
Abyssinian Thirtings, 

tOUt Clothing, for Boarding Schools : 

The favorite Shikaree- 

Price Lists and Patterns will be sent FBEE on application. 

TH. DIGEL, 

Superintendent. 



BASEL MISSION PRESS 
MANGA. LORE 

ESTABLISHED 1841. 



BOOK AND JOB PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION AND IN 

FIRST STYLE OF WORKMANSHIP 
In English, Canarese, Tula, Malayalam, Tamil, and Sanskrit. 

FANCY PRINTING IN COLOURS. GOLD AND 

BRONZE EXECUTED WITH TASTE. 
Estimates forwarded on application. 

The attention of authors is drawn to the great resources derived from 
the extensive stock of printing materials accumulated at this Press during 
the long period of its existence, and which is being constantly renewed. 
Besides Greek, Mathematical and other intricate work, all the systemi 
of transliteration of Indian and other languages are available in several 
sizes of Eiiglish types. We refer to such works as Dr. Gundertfa 
Malayam-English Dictionary, Dr. A. C. Burnell's South Indian Palaeogra- 
phy and other learned works. All applications to be addressed to 
THE SUPERINTENDENT, BASEL MISSION PRESS, 

Mangalore, South Canara. 

THE CENTENNIAL SCHOOL, 

LUCKNOW. ' 
Founded, 1866: opened, 1877. 
THIS School is the only one of its kind in Oudh and the North-west 

Provinces, a Boarding School for Native Christian Boys. 

There is but one other in North India. 

Its object is to impart a thorough education in English and the 
vernaculars, especial attention being given to the moral culture of the 
pupils. 

The School teaches up to the Entrance standard. Special attention 
given to Urdu, Persian and Sanskrit. 

The Institution is in connection with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, but pupils are drawn from various Missions, and it is hoped 
that the efforts put forth to build up a first class Christian School will 
meet with proper appreciation by those most interested. 

Donations for helping poor boys to an education thankfully received 
by the Principal. 

For rates and other particulars apply to the Principal, 

REV. B. H. BADLEY, M. A. 

Lucknow 



CAWNFOI\E. 



Appointed by the North India and South India Conferences 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church : 

THE REV. D. OSBORNE, DR. J. H. CONDON, 

THE REV. T. S. JOHNSON, H. PETMAN, ESQ. 

THE REV. J. LYON, W. J. COEN, ESQ. 

THE REV. G. H. MC&REW, F. J. DEATKER, ESQ. 



TCJirTOM. 

PER MENSEM. 
For Single Boarders, ... ... Rs. 16 

Two or more of one family, each, ... 15 

Single Day- scholars, ... ... 5 

Two or more of one family, each,... 4 

Instruction on Piano or Harmonium 8 

An entrance fee of Rs. 10 is required from each pupil, 

The school is pleasantly located in the suburbs of Cawn- 
pore. The compound is large, the buildings well adapted for 
school use. The lady Principal devotes her entire time to the 
school, living with the pupils. 

The School passes pupils in the Entrance Examination, 
Habits and manners of the pupils are strictly attended to, 
and their moral education is made of prime importance, 

The Civil Surgeon has constant oversight. 

Term begins February 1st, and ends November 30th. 

For prospectus and further particulars address the 
Superintendent, 

MISS EASTON, M. A., 

Cawnpore* 



Cnniiiiigton (lids' f rljflfll, 

ALLAHABAD. 

This School, opened in 1 879, is now in charge of 
Miss M. B. SPENCE 

A thoroughly qualified and experienced Educator, 

who has just arrived from America. It receives 
both Boarders and Day-scholars, and teaches from 
the lowest rudiments to the University Entrance 
standard. 

The Boarding Department 

is replete with every comfort, the object being to 
offer to those who come, a truly attractive and pleas- 
ant home. 

The School Staff 

includes an efficient Music Teacher and a competent 
Matron. 



The School has just removed into one of th? most 
commodious and pleasant buildings in Allahabad, 
having an excellent situation. The government of 
the School is mild but firm. The closest attention is 
paid to correct deportment, as well as to moral and 
religious culture. 

For further particulars, apply to Miss SPENCE, 
Superintendent; or to the REV. D. OSBOE NE, Clive 
Road.. 



PUBLICATIONS 

OF THE 

METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH PRESS. 

LUCKNOW. 

Eymn-Book, 

SPECIAL attention of the Missionaries in North India is called to 
the series of CIlCap-Klynill Books published at this Press. It was 
the first to publish such books. They are needed. There is the same 
power in Christian song in India as there is in England and America 
and our Sunday-schools and General Services need to have a good sup- 
ply of the book next to the Bible, the Hymn-Book. To supply it to all 
the New Edition is brought out in the three characters, Hindi 
Persian Uriill and RoMtan-Urdll : and the price, which does not 
cover the cost, is placed low. 

It should be stated that this hymn-book contains a collection of 
300 hymns : among them are translations of standard hymns, and of a 
number of the best of Sankey's hymns; also the best native compositions 
in the form of the bhajan and gazal. By the kindness of missionaries 
of different Societies the editors have had access to the collections which 
have to the latest date accumulated. From all the sources open to them 
the best have been gathered. 

Price, single copies 2 as. ; 12 copies JRs. 1-8; 100 copies Rs. 12-8; 
500 copies or more, at the same rate, but postage or carriage will be paid. 
These rates are nett. and for cash. 

The Roman Urdu Edition is ready. The Hindi and Persian Urdu 
Editions will be ready this present year. 

The Holy Scripture- 

The attention of missionaries is also respectfully invited to the small 
portable style in which the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles and Proverbs 
have been produced. 
1 J ERSIAN UJiDU. Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, 

Acts of the Apostles and Proverbs. Each 6 pies. 
ROMAN-HINDI. The Xew Testament, cloth bd. (P. 2 as.) 8 As. 
HUMAN-URDU. Gospel of Mathew, Mark, Luke and John : each 6 

pies. The four Gospels bound together (P. 1) 2 as. 

Commentaries, Concordance- 
concordance of the Holy Scriptures Compiled by the liev. R. 

Hosxins : over 100,000 references, Cloth bound, 900 pp. 2-8-0 

Commentary on Matthew and Mark by the Rev. T. J. 

Scott, 1). D. cloth bd. (Roman-Urdu) ... ... 1-8-0 

. > (Lith. Urdu) ... ... 2-0-0 

Commentary on the Book of Genesis, by the Rev. D. W. 

Thomas, M. A. (Roman Urdu) cloth bd. ... ... 1-8-0 

Commentary on John's Gospel, Lith. Urdu 8-0 



Educational Works- 
Attention of Missionaries is called to the books under this head. 

While not obtrusively direct it is well that our Educational books should 

be pure, and directly favorable to the one great work to be accomplished. 

With this principle in view the Superintendent has thus far published 

the following books : 

URDU READERS. Pirst "Reader, Mufid ul Atfal . . . . 6 pie. 
Second Header, Talfm ul Atfal . . 9 pie. 

Third Reader, Hidayat ul Atfal . . 1 as. 

ZENANA READER, ADVANCED. The Heart's Delight 

with large page illustrations, beautiful and attractive ... 2 as. 
This series has been carefully compiled by the Rev. T. Craven, 

M. A. They will be found to be correctly graded. Their popularity is 

great where known. The three numbers of the " Atfal" have gone 

through several editions. 

HISTORY, Ll'lH. URDU. Translation of Mrs. Handyside's History 
of India. Several chapters have been added to the original English 
edition bringing the History down to the close of 1880. The chapter 
on the growth of Christianity in India has been carefully revised by 
the Rev. B. H. Badley, M. A. Price (P. 1) 6 as. 

GEOGRAPHY LITH URD U. Catechism of Geography, ... 1- 
Roman Urdu, ... 1-6 

GRAMMAR. Roman Urdu, Elements of Urdu Grammar. ... 2-0 

LOGIC. English and Roman Urdu. The Elements of Logic by 

the Rev. T.J.Scott. D. D. ... ... ... 1-8-0 

lath. Urdu. do. do. ... ... ... ... 0-6 

DICTIONARIES. Compiled by the Rev. T. Craven, M. A. 
English and Urdu. The People's Dictionary with idioms 
and their meaning and illustrations. 12,000 sold, ... ... 8-0 

English and Rom. Urdu. The Royal Dictionary with Derivatives, 
Synonyms, Idioms and 400 Illustrations : 10,000 sold, 
Stiff Cover. ... ... ... ... 1-0-0 

do- do. do- (cloth bd)... ... 1-6-0 

Eng. and R. Urdu and R. Urdu and English. Two Volumes 

in one Popular Dictionary, 12,000 copies sold. ... 1-0-0 

Others in preparation. The compilation of this series of Dictionaries 

has met with the most flattering success, in the short period of 12 

months 40,000 copies have been ordered. 

Sunday-School Books and Cards- 

Though it was pur happy p rivilege to initiate the Sunday-school 
Book with colored pictures we have not been able to increase or even 
replenish our rapidly taken stock as we desired. It has been impossible 
to give every department of literature the attention it deserved. We 
hope however that greater assistance will be obtained for this work and 
consequently greater activity maintained in the manufacture of suitable 
books for all classes but more especially for the "young. Our new Catalogue 
will be ready, shortly. 




NAINI TAL, RANI KHET AND LUCKNOW. 



Mr. Sache divides the year between these Stations as follows :- 
April 15 to October 15. Naini Tal and Rani Khet. 

October 20 to April l.Lucknow. 



The finest productions as well as the latest novelties 
in Photography can he seen and had at Mr. Sac he's studios. 



pefo* of Jrifcia to 



The Catalogue of over one thousand views embraces the more prom- 
inent places of History as well asthe most beautiful scenes of all the 
promineut Stations, Hill and Plain in India. As there is no present 
generally so acceptable as an Album of views the attention of mission- 
aries and others is called to the fine collection found in Mr. Sac-he's 
Catalogue, 



CATALOGUES SENT ON APPLICATION 



1ICSB LIBRAKY, 



University of California 

SOUTHERN REGIONAL LIBRARY FACILITY 

405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1388 

Return this material to the library 

from which it was borrowed. 



_ 




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