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Full text of "The Industries of Dublin. Historical, statistical, biographical. An account of the leading business men, commercial interests, wealth and growth"

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Robert E. Gross 
Collection 

A Memorial to the Founder 
of iIk- 



Business Administration Library 

y/mifriifif tJ (ma^'rnia 

Los Angeles 



<«> 



THE INDLTSTMES OF DLTBLIK 



THE 






Dicitorical, gtaticitical, biographical. 



AN ACCOUNT OF THE 

LEADING BUSINESS MEN. 
COMMERCIAL INTERESTS. 
WEALTH AND GROWTH. 



LONDON: SPENCER BLACKETT 

(Successor t« J. & 31. #a.\lDcU) 
MILTON HOUSE, ST. BRIDE STREET, LUDGATE CIRCUS; and SHOE L.ANE, FLEET STREET, E.G. 

[A// rights restn'eti.l 



PRICE THREE SHILLINGS AND SIXPENCE. 



CONTENTS. 



Gross Collection 
Bus. Adm. Ub. 

J- 



PAGP. 

Abbott Bros.. Beehive M.inufacturers . 69 

Abraham, A. J. , Wholesale Chandler . 147 

Adcock, St. Jno., Boot and Shoe 

M.inufacturers 149 

Alexander, G. J., Wholesale Seed Mer- 
chant 129 

Allen & Co., Merchant Tailors . . 126 

Altman & Co., .V. L., Salt Importers 
and Refiners . . . . .127 

Anderson & Adams, Pharmaceutical 

Chemists 115 

Andrews & Co., Tea and Wine Merchants 59 
•^ Arigho, Jno., Statue and Church Furni- 
ture Manufacturer .... 147 

Armstrong, Catherine, Boot and Shotf 

Maker 80 

Arnott & Co., Wholesale and Retail 

Drapers 71 

Atkinson & Co., J., Letterpress and 

Lithographic Printers ... 74 

B *coM & Co. , T. , Ham and Bacon Stores 126 
Baird, \V., Plumbing and Hydraulic 

Engineer ...... 72 

Baker, Thos. , Draper .... 163 

Barnardo & Co., Kurriers . . .119 

Barrett, R., Candle Manufacturer . 86 

Barton, W., Steam Caliiuet Works . 156 

Beakey, P., Mouse and Church Furnisher I2t 
Beakey, Dyer and Cleaner . . .125 

Beatty & Bennie, Merchani Tailors . loS 
Beggs, G. D., L.P.S.L, Pharmaceutical 

Chemist 163 

Bewley, Sons, & Co., Wine and Tea 

Merchants 118 

Birney, W., Ironmonger ... 88 
Booth & Son, Messrs., Watch and Clock 

Manufacturers ..... 103 
Bouchier *: Hailey, Drapers . . .102 
Bowc, J., Grocer, Wine and Spirit Mer- 
chant 86 

Boyle & Co., Artists in Wood Carving 

and Art Furniture .... 76 

Brennan, J., Hairdresser ... 98 
Briscoe's Carriage Factory . . .119 
British Workman's .\ssurance Co. 

(Limited) ...... 44 

Brooke Tyrrell, Messrs., Manufacturing 

F'urriers and .Mantle Manufacturers . 145 
Brophy, Thos., Wholesale and Retail 

Boot and Shoe Manufacturer . . 81 

Brown, G., Pharmaceutical Chemist . 12S 

Brown, Thomas, & Co., Silk .Mercers . 55 
Browne & Nolan, Wholesale and Retail 

Stationers ...... 56 

Bruce >!>: Co., J., Boot Manufacturers . 126 

Brunton S: Co., Wm., Upholsterers . 63 

Bryan *; Co., Wholesale ..S: Retail Drapers 79 

Bull, C, Ecclesiastical Warehouse . 69 

Burke, Jno., " Gr.iltan " Coflee Tavern 135 

Buswell's Private Family Hotel . . 87 
Butler, \i.. Confectioner . . .134 
Butler, .M., Antique Furniture and Up. 

holstery 88 



PACE 

Byrne, J.as., Confeciioner . . 140 
Byrne, M.ihony, & Co., Corn and F'lour 

Merchants 76 

Byrne & MacSwiney, Chemists, M.inu- 
facturers of Mineral and Medicinal 

Waters ...... 7S 

Byrne & Sons, P. J., House, Laml, .and 

Insurance .\gents .... 85 

Byrne, Miss, Newsagent, Bookseller, 

and Stationer ..... 98 

Byrne, P., V'ictualler and Contractor . 107 

ISyrne. P.,Tea, Wine.and.SpiritMerchant 140 

Byrne Cy: Son, Wine and .Spirit Merchants 107 

Byrne, Mr., Wine and Spirit Merchant. 142 

Byrnne, J., Fish. F'owl, and Ice Merchant 128 

Cadle, Cornelius Engineer and General 

Mill Furnisher So 

Cabin, Miss, Vestment and Church Orna- 
ment Warehouse .... 99 
Cairns, D , Art Repository . . .136 
Carr, J. P., Irish & American Provisions 115 
Carr, Jas , Watchmaker . . . 161 
Carroll, D. W., Printer and Bookbinder 160 
Carroll, T. , Mattress and Palliass Manu- 
facturer 93 

Carson Bros., Tea, Wine, and Spirit 

Merchants :6? 

Ceppi & Sons, P., Carvers, etc. . .158 
Cherry & Smalldridge, Lithographic and 

Letterpress Printers .... 109 

City of nul)lin Drug Hall, The . . 76 

Claflfey, P., P.iwnbroker . . . 132 

Clarendon Itros., Jewellers . . . 162 

" Clarence " Hotel, The ... S3 
"Clarence" Family ami Commercial 

Hotel, The 100 

Clarke, J. A., Millinery, Mantle, Cos- 
tume, Hat and Bonnet-Box Manu- 
facturer . . . . . .9' 

Clarke, B. I., Ladies' Outfitter . . 150 
Clarkson, Jas., Military and Merchant 

T.iilor 156 

Cochrane&Co.,T., PainterstS: Decorators 74 

Cogan, D. J., Provision Merchant . 147 

Colclough i: .Sons, J., Carriage Builders ill 
Collins & Graham, Ladies' Dress Bas- 
ket, Trunk, Portmanteau, and Hat-Case 

Manufacturers ..... 97 
Comyns Ov; Son, Alex., Wholes.ile Irish 

Woollen and Frieze Warehouse . . 139 

Conroy, Thos., Provision Stores . . 85 

Conroy, M., Hairdresser, etc. . - 84 

Conroy, Thos., Provision .Merchant . 157 
Corcoran, D. E., Surgical Instrument 

Manufacturer . . . . .119 
Corless, T., Restaurateur . . .142 

Corrigan, P., Funeral Establishment . 117 

Coster, Johnson, ..\: Co., Paper Makers. 124 

Courtney, J., Boarding Establishment . 93 

Coyle, L., W'ood Turner . . . 160 

Cramer's Great Musical Depot . . 58 

Croker, Jos., Button Manufacturer . 160 

Curham, S., Pharniaceutiral Chemist . 132 

1 620007 



PACK 

Curtis & Sons, W., Brass Founders . 117 

Curwen, W., Stationer . ... 83 

Daniel & Son'. P., Ironmongers . 79 
Daveni)ort, J., Boot .Manufacturer . 99 
Davis & Co., Millinery Warehouse . 133 
Delahunt, Jos., Grocer, etc. . . .14' 
Delaney, M., Victualler and Contractor 130 
De Pinna, Professor I""., Artist, Photo- 
grapher, and Professor of Music . 103 
Dillon, Mrs. Anne, General Provision 

Store . . • . . .101 

Dixon, M., Boot and Shoe Dealer . 125 
Dockrell, Sons, & Co., Merchants and 

Contractors 109 

Dodd, Mr., Family Grocer . . ■ '59 
Dollard, Jos., Printer. Lithographer, and 

.\ccount Book Maker . . . 137 
Donegan, P., Watch .Manufacturer . 99 
Doran, E., Wholesale Family Grocer . 130 
Dowse, T. & K., .\uctionefrs . .112 
Doyle, J., Tea, Wine, and Spirit Mer- 
chant 102 

Doyle, T. W., Coach Builder . . u6 
Doyle, Jno. , Provision Merchant . . 152 
Dromgolc, Miss J., Wholesale and Re- 
tail Tea, Wine, and Spirit Merchant . 141 
Drunimond & Sons, W. ... 57 
I )iiblin .Vrtesian Mineral Water Company 12S 
Dublin Coal Company .... 77 
Dublin Flint Gkvss Works . . -159 

Dublin Pure Milk Co 161 

Dublin Whisky Distillery Co. . . 48 

Dutfy, Thos. , Draper .... 85 

DufTy & Co. (Limitcil), Publishers . \2) 
Dunn & Son, P., Wholesale Tea, Wine, 

and Grocery Establishment . . 160 

Dunne, J., Boot and Shoe Manufacturer 62 
Durkin, J. & W., Family Grocers, Tea, 

Wine, and Spirit Merchants . . 138 

Earley & Powells, Artists in Stained 

Glass, Sculptors, etc. ... S3 
Eaton, M. & S., Wholesale and Retail 

Stationers ...... IS9 

Edmondson Bros., Seedsmen . . 84 

Educational Dairj- Co I43 

Egan, D. J.. Family Grocer, Tea, Wine, 

and Spirit Merchant . . . .9'' 

Egan, P., Seed Merchant . ■ '35 
Egan & Co., M., Grocers and Wine 

.Merchants . . . . . '33 

Ellis & Co., J. L.. General Drapers . 153 
English, Jno., Plumber, Gasfilter, and 

'linsmith 104 

English, J., Plumber and Gasfitter . 123 
Express Laundry . . . . .114 

Fai.k, M., Dealer in Curiosities . . 96 
Falkner, F., Wine Merchant . . 63 
Fannin, J., Merchant Tailor and Out- 
fitter . 91 

Fay, S., General Tinner ... 93 
Ferguson, J . Hairdresser . . .117 

a* 



CONTENTS. 



rAGE 

Filzsimons, Mis?, Newsagent . . 71 
Fitzsimon & Son, Jas., Timber and 

Slate Importers. .... 155 
Fleming & Co., W. , Tea, Wine, and 

Spirit Merchants . . . -IS' 
Fleming, W., General House Furnisher 156 
Fleming, Jnc, Hotel .... 55 
Flower & McDonald, Salt Manu- 
facturers ■ '5' 

Foley, M., Draper and Haberd.isher . 78 

Forrest & Sons (Limited), Silk Mercers. 51 

Fnriistal, J., Family Grocer . . . 68 

hranijOis, M., Coiffeur Parfumeur . . 82 
Fry & Son, M., Wholesale and Retail 

.Merchants 84 

Fry \ Co., T 131 

Gaiety Theatre, The . . . 144 
Gallagher, J. M., Cigar Importer . .120 

Galvin, .M., Family Grocer . . 163 
Calvin Bros., Wholesale and Family 

Grocers ...... 64 

Galwey & Co., A., Bookbinders . . 135 

Galwey & Co., General Drapers . . 15S 

Ganly, Sons, & Co., Cattle Salesmen . 122 
Gaynor & Sons, Wholesale Cork Mer- 

rhanls ...... 130 

General Advertiser, TT-e ... 95 
Geoghegan, Thos. F., Landscape Photo- 
grapher ..... .80 

Gerrard Bros., WTiolesale and Retail 

.Stationers . . . . .134 

Gibson & Sop, Jas., Decorators and 

House Painters 77 

Gill & Son, M. II., Publishers and Book- 
sellers 73 

Gill, S., Carver and Gilder . . 160 
Glass, T. , Cork Manufacturer and Im- 
porter ...... 74 

Globe I'arcel Express Universal Carrier Sg 
Gorcvan, B., VSholesale and Retail 

Draper and Contractor . . .104 
Goulding, W. & H. M. (Limited), Manure 

Manufacturers ..... 64 

Grand Restaurant 153 

Green & Son, W., Turning and Band- 
Sawing Works . . . .113 
Grimes, C., Victualler and Contractor . 91 
( irosvenor Hotel ..... 124 
iluerel, P., Church .Statuary and Orna- 
ment Manufacturer .... 84 
Guinness, Son, i.\ C"., A. (Limited), 
Brewers ...... 41 

IUf.ser, F.,Potk liulcher . . . 156 

llagerty iV Co., Merchant Tailor^ . . 162 

Ilall, K. A., Wine and Sjiirit Merchant 155 

Hamilton, A. B., Newsagent . . 120 

Hand, L., Clothier and Outfitter . . 99 
Hand, R., Practical Bool and Shoe 

Maker . . . . . .160 

ilanlcm, M., Tailor .... 103 

Harding, Jno., Butcher . . . 132 
Hams i Whelan, Saddlers . . .110 
Harris, \V. H., Window Gla.ss, Room 

PajKrs, Oil and Colour Merchant . 109 
Harris, M., Dealer in Antique and 

Modern Plate ..... 94 
Harrison & Sons, C. W., Monumental 

.Sculptors ...... 95 

Harvey & Co. , Veterinary Chemists . m 
Hawkins, J., Carriage 1-irjip .Manufac- 
turer ...... 96 

Hayes & Co., W., Pharmaceutical 

Chemists . . . . . .120 

Hcaly, Jno., Grocer ami Wine Merchant 77 

Hcinekcy i; Anrlcrson, Wine Merchants 97 
Hely & Co., K., Alexandra Knvelope 

Works 139 

Henry, S. , Draper . . . .149 

IIil>ernian Dining Rwmis . . 152 

llickey, D., Family Grocer ... 70 

Hicks, W., Cabmel and Chair Maker . 62 
Higgins, Thos., Wholesale and Retail 

Wine and Spirit Merchant . . 151 
Hill, F., Electro-plater . .121 



Ilill, W. F., Boot and Shoe Manufac- 
turer 131 

Hill & Smith, Iron Works ... 75 
Hodges & Sons, Manufacturing and 

House Furnishing Ironmongers . . 105 

Hodgins, E., Victualler . . . 149 
Hogan, Wm., Tea, Wine, and Spirit 

Merchant ...... 63 

Hogg. J-. Dairy 95 

Hopkins, J., lioot Maker . . .92 

Hore, N., Provision Merchant . . 157 

Hughes, H. Saddler and Harness Maker 90 
Hughes, Miss, Court Dress, Millinery, 

and Mantle Maker . . . . <)i 
Hughes, W., Lamp -Manufacturer . . 51 
Hyam, B., Tailor and Genllcmen's Out- 
fitter 62 

Jacoh, Wm. Chambers, Jeweller . . 136 
Jameson & Sons, J., Watchmakers and 

Jewellers ...... 9° 

Johnston & Co., Grocers and Tea Mer- 
chants 61 

Jones, Percival, China and Glass Estab- 
lishment 125 

Jones & Son, M., Cabinet Makers and 

Upholsterers ..... So 
Jones, W., Greengrocer . . -133 

Tordi & Co., M., Cork Merchants. . 161 
Joseph, W. C, M.R.C.V.S., Veterinary 

Surgeon 9- 

Joze & Co., Manufacturing and Dis- 
pensing Chemists . . . . 5^ 
Junior Army and Navy Stores (Limited) 140 

Jury's Hotel 114 

Jutton, H., Print Seller ,ind Picture 

Frame Maker no 

Kane & McCluskey, Wholesale and 
Retail Trunk and Portmanteau Manu- 
facturers ...... 99 

Kapp Bros., Meerschaum and Briar Pipe 

Manufacturers ..... 134 

Kavanagh& son, N., Painters, Decorators 55 
Kavan,igh & Son, W., Gun and Rifle 

M.inufacturers 70 

Kavanagh & Sons, State Apothecaries . 155 

Kavanagh, J., Wine and .Spirit Merchant i|8 

Kehoe, Jno., Furnishing Depot . . 14S 
Kehoc & Son, .M., Ham and Bacon 

Curers 102 

Kelly & Son, J., City Saw Mills . . 129 

Kelly, L., Merchant Tailor ... 93 

Kelly & Co., P., Drapers and Clothiers 55 
Kenny, W. T., Newsagent and District 

Post Office 106 

Keogh, L. J., Grocer and Tea Merchant 94 
Keogh, Jno., Funeral Undertaker and 

Job Master 81 

Kcrigan, J., Grocer and Spirit Dealer . 72 
Kernan & Co., Mineral Water Manu- 
facturers ...... 65 

Kerr, Wm., Boot and Shoe Manufacturer 15 1 

Kino, Tailor and Outfitter . . . J51 

Kirwan, T., Grocer . '. . . 136 

Knaggs Bros., The Irish Bog Oak Works 96 

Kymer, S., Painter . . . • '23 

Lafayette, J., Photographer Royal . 86 
Larkin, T., Bootmaker . . . 104 
Lawless, Jno, Family Grocer . . 161 
Lawlor & Son, Jno., Poulterers . . 152 
Lawler, Mrs., Mattress Manufacturer . I2O 
Lawrence & Son, Photographers, Jewel- 
lers, Toy Im|iorters .... 102 
Leilbetter, J. E., Practical Watchmaker 

and Jeweller 93 

I.ee, 1^., General Draper and Bootmaker 162 

Lee, E. , Tea, Wine, and Spirit Merchant 55 

lycigh, J., Provision Warehouse . . 95 

Lenchan & Sons, E., Le.alher Merchants 155 

l.cvins, Jas., Wood Carver . . . 150 

Lewers, .Mr. & Mrs. C, Ladies' Outfitters 1 12 
Little, P., Grocer and Wine and Spirit 

Merchant 92 

I^ndon and North-We.stern Hotel, The »I 
Long, E., Butcher . . . .172 



I'AliS 

Lore, P., Hal Manufacturer ... 47 

Lucas, W., Forage Stores ... 92 
Lundy, Foot, i: Co., Tobacco and Snuff 

Manufacturers . . . . . loS 

Lynam, P., Boot and Shoe Manufacturer 136 
Lynch & O'Brien, Tea, Wine, and Spirit 

Merchants . . . . .162 
Lynch, P., I'urveyor and Provision Mer- 
chant 147 

Lynch, T. J., Illuminating and Heraldic 

Artist 138 

MacArtiiur & Co., Auctioneers and 

Valuers ...... 146 

Mackeiuie, J., Wine and Spirit Merchant 140 
Mackey, Thos., Builder and Contractor 151 
Mackey, Sir Jas. W., Seed and Imple- 
ment Merchant ..... 68 

Maguire, P., Grocer . . . .no 

Maguire & Son, House Furnishing and 
Building Ironmongery Stores, Dublin 

Saniiary and Engineering Works . 46 
M.iher, E. J., Wholesale and Retail 

Re.idy-made Clothier ... 92 

Main & Co., A. J., Iron Works . . 1504 

Maison Campbell, Millinery Warehouse 13J 

Malone, C. G., Tea and Coffee Dealer . 127 

Maloney, J., Costume Manufacturer . 114 

Mangan, J. A., House Furnisher . . 89 

Mannin, C, Pharmaceutical Chemist . 73 
Manning, A., Mantles, Costumes, and 

Court Dressmaker .... 52 

Mansfield, Messrs., Musical Instrument 
Dealers . . . . . .119 

Margotti, Adele, Naturalist . . . loi 

M,ini, E. H., Coiffeur and Parfumeur . 88 

Martin, Charlotte, Dealer in Antiquities 79 

Martin, R. T., Ladies' Tailor, Costumier 59 

Martin, W., House Painter, etc. . . n2 
Mastcrson i: Co., Grocers, Wine and 
Spirit Merchants ... .46 

Matthew.s, M. E., Court Dressmaker . no 
May & Sons, Music and Pianoforte Ware- 
house 57 

McAuley, T., Family (Grocer . . 130 
McBirney i\: Co. (Limited), General 

Warehousemen ..... 66 

McCabe, J.is., Tea Importer . . 151 
McCann, P., Practical Stained Glass 
Painter . . . . , .132 

McCluskey & Co., Fruiterers . . 107 
McCom;is & Son, Military and Merchant 

Tailors ...... 79 

McCormack, G. L., Pharm.aceutical 

Chcmi-st 125 

McCormick, Jno., F.imily Grocer, Tea, 

Wine, and Siiirit Merchant . . 149 

McCormick & Co., Coal Merchants . 5'^ 

McDowell Bros., Jewellers . . .113 

McDowell, Jno., Practical Watchmaker 

and Jeweller ..... 101 

McGrath, 1'., Wood Carver . . . 152 

McGrath & Co., T., Drapers . . 103 

McCJrath, K., Merchant Tailor . . 75 

McGuinc-ss.Thos., Irish Woollen Clothier 132 

McKcnna, F., Tea and Wine Importer 140 
M'Kernan, P., General Printer and 

Stationer ...... 96 

McLoughlin Bros., Cigar Importers . 153 

McMahon, A. M., General Draper, etc. 157 

McMullen, B., Saddler ... 74 
McNamara, Mr., Confectioner and .Sugar 

Boiler ...... 93 

McNeill, J., Musical Instrument Maker 91 
McSwiney, J., 1 'ruggist and Chemist . 124 
Meade, M., Carriage and Van Builder . 68 
Melcdy, W., Fruiterer and Confectioner 101 
Mercantile Mutual Protection Associa- 
tion of Ireland . .... 143 

Meyer, S., Boys' and Youths' Tailoring 

Establishment . . . . .160 

Meytheii, J.as., Family Grocer . 07 
Mitchell Arnot & Co., Room Pa|>er 

Manufacturers ..... 83 

Mitchell, Geo., Tobacco and Wine Mer- 
chant 139 

Mitchell iV Son, Confectioners . . 57 



CONTENTS. 



Mitclicll .V Son, Wine Merchants . 

MofTiti & Co., T., Kirc-proof Safe 
Manufacturers . . . • • 

Molloy & Co., Grocers, Tea, Wine, and 
Spirit Merchants .... 

Monson, Kobinson, & Co., The Metro- 
politan I'rinting Work* and Paper Bag 
I'aclory ...... 

Montgomery, T., V.S., Shoeing Forge. 

Moore \- Co., H., Mouse, Land, and 
Insurance Agents .... 

Moore, E., lUitcher .... 

Moore, W. fl., Thotograplier 

Moran, J., Muran's Hotel 

Morgan, 1'., Select Dining Koonis 

Morgan, J., Hatter .... 

Mount, A., Chandler and .Soap Dealer . 

Moyers,Geo., Timber, .Slate, and Cement 
Merchant ...... 

Muldoon, Ja«., Printing Material Mann- 
factiirer ...... 

Mulholland & Co., J., Rope, Twine, 
and Fishing Tackle Manufacturers . 

Murphy & Co., R. J., Cork Merch.ints . 

Murphy. Tno. , Tea, Wine, and Spirit 
Merchant ...... 

Murjihy, Mrs., Watch Manufacturer 

Murphy, Jno., Flour Stores . 

Murphy, J. J., Hydraulic Pump Manu- 
facturer . . • ' • 

Murphy, D., Provision Merchant . 

Murray, E., Kingstown Dining Rooms . 

Nash, \Vm., Jewel-Case and Dressing- 
Case Manutacturer .... 

National Assurance Company of Irclanc'. 

Newman, J., Manufacturer of Scales and 
Weighing Machines . . . • 

North Dublin Brush Factory. 



I'AGII 

60 

76 

"39 

96 
'33 

45 
"55 

82 

'59 
So 
127 
152 

60 
55 

'44 

64 

96 

104 
99 

141 
141 
162 



78 
136 

98 
147 



O'llRlEN, T., Fancy Bread and Biscuit 

Baker '34 

O'brien, K. J., Draper . . . 70 
O'Callaghan, J. C. iV M., Grocers and 

Wine .Merchants .... 132 
O'Cunnell, las.. Family C.rocer . . 152 
O'Connell, W., Drai)er and Outlitter . 94 
O'Connor, Miss, Old Chandlery Estab- 
lishment '2' 

O'Connor, H., Cabinet Maker . . 152 

O'Connor, M., .Manufacturer of Baskets 156 

U Donnell.Jno, J.,Chemistand Druggist 140 
O'Donnell, H., Wholesale and Retail 

Grocer ...... '07 

ODwyer, T., Grocer and Wine Mer- 
chant '56 

O'llara, P., Family Grocer . . . 153 
O'Kelly, P., The - Irish House " . .85 
O'Loughlin, Jno., Druggist .ind General 

.Sundryman . . . . '04 
C N eill, C. , Wholesale and Retail Grocer 1 2 1 
O'Neill, T. J., Family Grocer . . 115 
O'Reilly, P., Newsagent . . .158 
O'Kcilly, P., General Provision Mer- 
chant 92 

O'Kcilly, P., Manufacturer of Plain and 

Fancy Cardboard Boxes ... 65 
O'Reilly, R., Musical Instrument Manu- 
facturer '6l 

Onnonde Hotel 59 

O'Toole, Miss M., Boot Warehouse . 163 

I'AKENHAM, J., H.-xm and Bacon Curcr 88 

Parker, S., Leather Merchant . . 160 

Parker & Co., Boot Manufacturers . Ill 
Parkes & Sons, Jno. C, Hardware, 

Iron, and Steel .Merchants. . . 54 



fAOK 

Pasley, Miss, .Scientific Dress-Culting 

A.ssaciation 133 

Patriotic .\ssurance Company of Ireland $0 

Pear-ie & Sh.arp, Sculptors ... 63 

Pearson & Co., Clothiers and T.ailors . 1 54 

Pearson & Co., Thos., Wire Works . 124 
IVmberton, G. K., Boot and Shoe M.inu- 

farturer loi 

Pembcrton, S. T., Military Boot and 

Shoe .Manufacturer .... 93 
Pcnnell, Thos., Bookseller . . .162 
Phillips, Kphraim, Gentlemen's Outfitter, 

.Shirt and Collar Maker ... 89 

Phillips & Co., Merchant Tailors . . 116 
Pigott & Co., .Musical Instrument Im- 

|x)rters 5^ 

PKislo, J., Hatter '35 

Plunkell & Co., Jno., Maltsters . . 67 
Plimkctt Bros., Maltsters and Patent 

Malt Roasters 4> 

Poirotte, Madame T., French Corset 

Manuf.iciurer ..... 81 
Powell, John G., Fish, Ice, and Poultry 

Dealer 82 

Power & Son, Jno., Distillers . . 42 
Prescott & Co., Dyers and Carp:t 

Clesiners 86 

Pressly ^V Sons, D., Woollen Factory . 61 
Price, Geo., Wholesale China and Glass 

Merchant 5^ 

Prosl, G., Coiffeur, Perfumer, etc. . 157 

QuiNLRSS, Mr., Room Pap:r and Deco- 
rative Glass Establishment . . 85 
Quinn, W., Ladies' Outfitter . . 122 

Rathuone, J., Tobacconist . . • "7 
" Red Bank Oyster Restaurant " . .128 
Reigh, F-., Wine and Spirit Merchant . 158 
Reilly, I., Cooper .... 144 
Reilly, Thos. 11., Artists' Coloumian . 69 
Reliance Mutu.il Life Assurance Society 103 
Richardson & Fletcher, Manure Manu- 
facturers 122 

Roche, P. C, General Warehouseman . 109 

Rogan, Jno., Painter and Decorator . 149 
Rooney, J., Tolacconist . . .121 

Rooney, J., Carriage Builder . . 49 

Ross, .Murray, A: Co. , Engineers . . 1 16 

Royal Hotel 123 

Ruddell, W., Tobacco Manufacturer . 56 
Russell i\: Co., W., Tea, Wine, and Spirit 

Merchants 120 

Ryan, Jas., E'urniture Ware-rooms . 157 

Salmo.n & Co., W'ineand General Mer- 
chants 75 

Sanderson & Sons, F. , Coach Builders . 75 
Scott A Co., T. R., Cabinet Manufac- 
turers ...... 98 

Scale, E. & W., Shirt and Collar Manu- 
facturers '26 

Sexton & Sons, R. , Tailors ... 57 
Shalvey, P., llorseh.air Manufacturer . 82 
Sharp, A. 1'., Architectural and Monu- 
mental Sculptor .... 87 
Sheeran, P., Wine and Spirit Retailer . 158 
Sheridan, J., Wholes.-ile Cap Manufac- 
turer 9' 

Sibthorpe & Son, H., Decorators, Glass 
Merchants, etc. . . . . .138 

Slye, Geo., Carriage Builder . . 161 
Smith, Thos., Tea, Coffee, and Wine 

Merchant '57 

Smith & Son, M., Corn and Seed Mer- 
chants 81 

Smith * Co., Geo., Basket, Cane, and 

Walking-stick Manufacturers . . '34 



VII 



Smyth, Mr., Grocer and Wine Mer- 
chant iM 

Smyth &. Co. (Limited), Original Bal- 

hriegan Hosiery. . . . . 7^ 
Smyth & Sons, J., Church Plate Manu- 
facturers 123 

Stephenson & Co., General Merchants . 140 
Strachan Bros., Victoria Lcul Works . 61 
Str.-ihan & Co., R., General House Fur- 
nishers .,...• 47 
Sullivan, J. W., Auction Ro<jms . . 89 
Sullivan Hros., Educational Publishers. 103 

Taai I E & Coi.DWELL, Shirt and Collar 

Manufacturcm ..... 67 

Tait \ Co., W., Seed Merchants . 108 
Taylor & Lcwers, "Our Boys' " Out- 
fitting House . . . . .158 

Telford & Telford, Organ Builders . I45 
Thompson, W. .V P., Wine .Merchants 

and .Shippers ..... 74 

'ITiornton, J., Fruit Merchant . II3 
Thwaites & Co., A. & R., Mineral Water 

Manufacturers ..... 47 
Tiemey & Sons, J., Forwarding Agents 

and General Carriers .... 97 

Toole iS: Co., Nurserymen and Seedsmen 107 

Traynor, R. B., Tobacconist . . 98 
Traynor, P., Bookseller . . .101 

■Valentine, Mrs. S 9' 

Vance, M., Photographer . . • '25 
Vodrey, Mr., China and Pottery Ware- 
house ...-.• 'oo 

Wade, P., Gentlemen's Hairdresser and 

Perfumer 100 

Wallace Bros., Coal Merchants . . 130 
Waller, A. G., Funeral Undertaker, 

(Carriage and Furniture Van Proprietor 90 
Warren,"Mr., Hatter .... 94 
Waterhouse & Co. , Jewellers and Silver- 
smiths . . . . . • '54 
Webb, A., Boot and Shoe Manufacturer 82 
Wells, W. F., M.P.S.I., Pharmaceutical 

Chemist 'to 

Werner & Son, Artists and Photographers 58 
West & Son, Diamond Merchants . 50 

'Wctton & Co., K., Manufacturers of 

Patent Curative Magnetic Appliances 153 
While, Mr., Watch and Jewellery Es- 
tablishment 100 

While, R., Plumber, Brass-founder, and 

Conliaclor 95 

Whitsilt & Co., Drapers . . .no 
Whyte & Sons, Glass and China Stores 146 
Wilhy, W., Machine Belt Manufacturer, 

Currier, and Leather Merchant . . I43 
Williams & Son, Naturalists ... 79 
Williams iK: Woods, Wholesale Manufac- 
turing C'onfcctioners .... 90 
Williams & Co., Importers of China and 

Indian Teas 106 

Winstanlcy, Jas., Wholesale Boot and 

Shoe Manufacturer .... 67 
Woods, H. & M., Manufacturing Sta- 
tioners '55 

Wright, J., ILatler .... 95 
Wynn s Commercial and Family Hotel 
(Mr.s. Iclfourd) . . . .141 

X. 1- Cafe (Mrs. Caily) . . . '43 

Yates & Sons, Opticians and Scientific 

Instrument Makers .... 87 
>eale? & Sisters, .\da. Law Stationers . 104 




ITS HISTORY, INDUSTRIES, AND TRADE, 



FACTS, FIGURES, AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 



HISTORY. 



THE earliest records of ihe Irish Metropolis, like those of 
the majority of ancient cities, are few in number, obscure 
and unreliable. From the beginning of the fifth century, 
however, the history of Dublin rests upon the most authentic 
data, and the genesis of her foundations and development 
may be found at length in both Celtic, Erse, and Norman 
documents, collected and preserved from the ravages of the 
marauder and the ruthless hand of time by men whose devoted 
research and patriotism should be held in grateful remem- 
brance. In the time of Ptolemy, ad. 140, the district now 
comitrised within the county Dublin and its sea-board was 
inhabited by a tribe called the Eblani, and their country — 
particularly the site now occupied by the capital — Eblana. 
Hence the ancient name of the city. The origin of the modern 
designation, Dublin, dates from the first incursions of the 
Oslmen or Danes. 

It is recorded that in 43S a host of these marauders sailed 
up the Liffey in a fleet of sixty ships. They disembarked and 
settled as colonists on the north side of the liver ; and being 
at first peaceful and not objecting to the payment of tribute, 
the Irisli chieftains allowed them to remain unmolested. The 
natives called the quarter in which these Danes lived, Fingall, 
which under the modern name of Finglas forms an integral 
part of the city. Soon after the arrival of this first horde, 
another came upon the scene and settled on the south side 
of the city, and their location was called by the Celts, 
Dubhgall, or the country of the black strangers, in tlie same 
way as they named the district inhabited by the pioneer 
colony, Fingall, or the country of the white strangers. Bally- 



Al/i-C/iat/i Diiihliniiewa.'i the designation by which the countiy 
on both sides of the mouth of the Lififey was known to the 
Celtic inhabitants. It is more than probable that the last 
word of the above Irish phrase (which being translated means 
"the town of the ford of hurdles on the Blackwater ") 
suggested to the Danish settlers the name, Dkeliii, which they 
gave to the entire territory they occupied. This word Divelin 
changed with the times and the place it design.ited, and 
gradually and finally some centuries ago assumed its present 
form, Dublin. 

The.\postIe of Ireland, soon after bis arriv.il in the country 
in the course of his missionary travels, visited Hally-Ath-Clialh, 
whose king and people he converted to Christianity and 
baptized at a spring on the south side of the city, and which 
is now known as .St. Patricks Well. This was in 44.S, and 
the civilising influences which resulted from the conversion of 
these people to the true faith had an immense effect upon 
them in their fierce and sanguinary combats in after years with 
their merciless and unchristian Northern invaders. These Norse 
adventurers grew in numbers and strength, and held undis- 
turbed possession of their lands for over three centuries, no 
one attempting to permanently drive them from the country. 
To this regrettable circumstance may be attributed the many 
vicissitudes through which the Irish capital passed between 
the years 43S and 1014, and the fact that during that long 
period the chief city of the nation remained in the iron grasp 
and occupation of the destructive followers of the Northern 
Vikings. 

History furnishes no parallel to the position occupied by 



DUBLIN. 



Dublin in regard to the rest of Ireland from the beginning 
of the fifth to the middle of the eleventh century. It was 
by location, extent, importance, population, and wealth, the 
natural capital of the island ; and yet owing to the descent, 
character, and habits of its inhabitants, and the nature of their 
relations to the rest of the country, it was as foreign in the 
daily life of its denizens, their customs and mode of govern- 
ment, as if it were situated on the bleak coasts of Denmark 
or Norway. Tara, during most of the long period referred 
to, was the metropolis of the nation. The arrival of Aulaffe 
Sitric in the I.iffey in S53 with an enormous fleet of ships 
and several thousand followers, marks the era from which 
Dublin began to play a most prominent and, in many 
instances, decisive part in national affairs, and the internecine 
struggles which, as far as the Danes were concerned, found 



Dublin of those distant days were not, however, as some 
chroniclers would have us believe, entirely devoid of every 
characteristic of refinement and civilisation. There is 
abundant evidence in proof of this. After their defeat by 
Brian Eoru in 1014 they fled to Dublin and Ilowth, and by 
the payment of vast sums in tribute to Dermot, King of 
Leinster, secured that peace of which in bygone ages they 
had been the mo5t persistent disturbers, but which defeat and 
threatened annihilation had taught them to prize. From that 
time forth they devoted themselves to trade and industry as 
then understood, and built many of the most beautiful churches 
the world in those days could boast — the remains of which, 
even in our own times, bear silent, but none the less eloquent, 
testimony to the love of art and devotion to religion possessed 
by the much-mali,i:ned race who erected them. 




THE OLD PARLIAMENT HOUSES (BANK 01" IRELAND). 



their consummation in the memorable and glorious victory 
of Clontarf. Soon after Sitric's advent he was elected king, 
the neighbouring native princes made truces with iiiin, and 
during the jieaceful period that followed he set himself the 
task of fortifying the city and putting it in a state of complete 
defence. After the death of this Norse ruler hostilities 
between his successors and the native princes were of 
frc'iuent occurrence, and Dublin was, as a consequence, 
often besieged ; never, however, with any other result than the 
defeat or withdrawal of the besiegers, .\bout the tenth 
century the Danes had become very numerous and powerful — 
a fact which emboldened them to make explorations and 
marauding expeditions not only to remote parts of Ireland, 
but even into Wales, where their destructiveness and merciless 
treatment of all who opposed them caused their incursions to 
be greatly dreaded. The.se adventurous dwellers in the 



In I GOO the city was captured by IVian Boroimhe, King 
of Munster, but he afterwards allowed the Danes to retake 
possession of it. From the date of the battle of Clontarf, 
which, some assert, was fought on the site of Rutland Square, 
Dublin was, with some intermissions, held by the descendants 
of the vikings until it was surrendered to the English and their 
ally, Dermot MacMorrough, King of Leinster. How this was 
accomplished and the country, as a sequence of it, lost her 
independence, recalls one of the saddest chapters in the 
history of the nation. 

AFTER CLONTARF. 

The entire country was divided into five kingdoms, 
Leinster, Ulster, Connaught, Munster, and Meath. About 
the middle of the twelfth century the two most formidable 
of the five sovereigns were Roderick O'Connor, King of 



DUBLIN. 



Connaught, and Dermot MacMorrough, King of Leinster. 
The (lucstion who should be supreme dictator among tliese 
was frequently the cause of internecine strife, and with the 
object of deciding the matter, constant wars were waged. 
Dermot MacMorrough, in the midst of one of these con- 
flicts, immersed himself in almost insurmountable trouble 
by intriguing, and finally running away, with the wife of 
O'Rourke, I'rince of Breffni, and daughter of the King of 
Meath. The deceived and disconsolate O'Rourke hastened 
to the home of Roderick 
O'Connor, Dermot's bit- 
terest and most powerful 
rival, and having secured 
his assistance and sym- 
pathy, an immense army 
was marched from Con- 
naught to annihilate 
MacMorrough, whose 
offence was a most 
odious one in the eyes 
of every sovereign and 
serf in the island. Der- 
mot, who saw that he 
was absolutely powerless 
to resist the hosts march- 
ing against him, set sail 
for Bristol, whence he 
went to France and pros- 
trated himself before 
Henry II., who was 
■waging war against the 
Gauls. He pathetically 
told his story and be- 
sought Henry to assist 
him to drive back the 
King of Connaught, for 
"which if it should 
please him in his good- 
ness to do, he, Dermot, 
■would acknowledge 
Henry to be lord, and 
serve him faithfully ail 
his life as his vassal." 
Henry's ambition and 
■desire to add Ireland 
to his possessions be- 
came evident quite early 
in his reign, for he 
appealed to Nicholas 

Brakspere (Adrian IV.), the only Englishman that ever 
occupied the papal throne, to put in force the Edict of 
Constantine, which permitted him to assume a right in the 
disposal of islands and throw over them the protecting regis 
of the Catholic Church. In 1156, the Pope yielded to the 
solicitations and prayers of the English monarch, and issued 
a Bull giving him the necessary authority to deal with Ireland. 
His hands, however, were so full with his French difficul- 
ties that he could not spare an expeditionary force, so he 
met the exigencies of the case by issuing Letters Patent to 




GRAFTOX STREET. 



certain of his subjects to raise a knightly army and invadt 
Ireland. It is to the calamities wiiich befel the country after 
the landing of this expedition, and the causes which led up 
to it, that Thomas Moore, one of Dublin's most honoured .-ind 
gifted sons, refers when, in that beautiful song, " The Valley 
Lay Smiling Before Me," he says : 

.\lrcady tlic curse is upon her, 

And slranRcrs her valleys profane ; 
They come to diviilc — to dishonour. 

And tyrants they long will remain. 

Dermot grew weary 
of Henry's delay in 

coming to his assistance, 
and made touching 
appeals to the \\'elsh 
barons, who had been 
greatly exasperated by 
the inroads of the Danes 
from Dublin and the 
east coast of Ireland. A 
penniless mercenary was 
the first to come forward. 
This was Richard, sur- 
named Strongbow. son 
of the I^^arl of Pembroke, 
who at first proceeded 
warily and with exas- 
perating hesitation, not- 
withstanding MacMor- 
rough's most tender 
appeals. However, the 
following poetical letter 
caused him to cease 
doubting and embark at 
once: "I have beheld 
the storks and the swal- 
lows. The birds of 
summer came, and with 
the warning of the tem- 
pest they returned, but 
neither gentle gale nor 
furious blast has blessed 
us with thy long-wished- 
for presence.' 

This soft and imagi- 
native effusion had the 
desired result. Strong- 
bow, with Robert Fitz- 
stephen, and Maurice 
Fitzgerald, and other 
knights of good account, with a small army, landed at Bann, 
in Waterford, from three ships. Strongbow's reward was to 
be the hand of Eva, the King's daughter, in marriage, and the 
right of succession to Dermot's dominions ; while the other 
chiefs were to receive portions of the conquered territories. 

Within two years of Strongbow's arrival, his forces, acting 
in conjunction with those of MacMorrough, had conquered 
the whole of the east of Irelaild and captured Dublin. The 
■Welsh baron was married to Eva outside the walls of the 
city of \Vaterford, and the ceremony was performed in the 

B 2 



DUBLIN. 



midst of the greatest display of force and splendour. In 
one battle Strongbow defeated an army numbering 90,000, 
and it is chronicled, that thereafter none of the native Irish 
princes dared to oppo?e the English. Dublin was now con- 
stituted the capital of the country. Henry II. soon became 
jealous of "the success of his knights, and consequently in- 
formed them that the time had come when he, in person, 
would assume the sovereignty conferred upon him by 
Adrian I\'. In 1172 he therefore set sail from Milford 
Haven with 4,000 men, and reached AVaterford without mis- 
hap or opposition of any kind. His march to Dublin was 
one of triumph, and most of the native chiefs approached to 
do him homage. As soon as he entered the capital he caused 
an immense wickerwork pavilion to be erected "after the 
manner of the country,'' and therein standing beneath a 



the city of Dublin of him (Henry) and his heirs for ever, wii!^ 
all the liberties and customs which his subjects of Bristol then 
enjoyed at Bristol, and throughout all England." Dublir> 
received a second charter in 1207 from King John. In 1209- 
occurred one of the direst events in tiie city's history. On Easter 
Monday, in that year, the citizens were celebrating the feast a.1 
a place near Cullen's Wood, when they were attacked by the 
natives and 1,500 of them were slain. The spot where this 
massacre occurred is still known as the " Bloody Meadow," 
and that Easter Monday is historically called "Black Monday." 
The population of the city at this time could not have been 
very large, for it was found necessary to repeople it after the 
foregoing occurrence, which was accordingly done by importing 
a few ship-loads of His Majesty's faithful Bristolian lieges. The 
immediate result of this sanguinary defeat of the English 



1 




CtlKlST CHUKCll CAIHKURAL AND SV-N'^D HOUSE. {lidw ''lOlll the River.) 



regal canopy received the oath of allegiance from all the 
I>owerful Irish nobles of the time. Though His Ma-jesty 
]>assed the Christmas in Dublin, his stay was of short dura- 
lion, owing to difticullies arising from the murder of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. Henry was the first English 
monarch that ever set foot on Irish soil, or spent his Christ- 
mas in the capital, and was at the same time the most 
ungenerous ruler that ever landed upon these shores — as far 
as Dublin is concerned, in any case. His visit began the 
series of confiscations that culminated in the destruction of 
our legislative independence. To the leaders of the army 
which accompanied liiin from Milford Haven he gave manors, 
mansions, and tracts of land of which the natives had been 
deliberately and shamelessly robbed, and made, as it were, 
a present of Dublin to the City of Bristol. 

A charter was granted to the c'tizcns of Bristol " to hold 



colonists was the completion of Dublin Castle. This strong- 
hold was designed to be the great bulwark in the defence and 
subjection of the city, and was pushed forward so rapidly that 
it was finished in 1220. It was not used as the residence of 
the Lord Lieutenant until the reign of Elizabeth, previous to- 
whose time the viceroys resided at Thomas Court. 

To i)Ut the climax to his ingratitude and contem])t for the 
natives, Henry formed what was for centuries known as the 
" ICnglish Pale." \\itliin this geographically defined area, of 
which Dublin was the capital, lived a heterogeneous mass of 
Celtic Iri.sh, Danes, W'elslimen, and ]'",nglishmen, whose 
customs, and habit.s, and modes of life — difierent in almost 
every essential feature— made the community anything but a 
happy and contented one, though all were subject to ti e 
English law. Without this "pale" lived the "mere Irish," 
with whom no intercourse was to be held, and who were 



DUni.IN'. 



regarded and ircatcil as inferior beings in every respect and on 
every occasion when the ojiportiiniiy offered itself or was 
created. This policy, which, in the HkIU of experience, every 
historian has branded as fatuous and inexcusable, was adminis- 
tered from Dublin, and was i)roductive of continual discontent, 
strife, and bloodshed, both within and without the magic circle 
drawn by the second Henry. The high-minded, sensitive, and 
impulsive natives brooded over the contempt and harshness 
with which they were treated ; their bards and musicians wrote 
about and sang their wrongs, and the consequences, which 
kindness and justice wisely tempered would have obviated, 
are to be read to-day in many a crimson page of history. It 
was these invidious and evil-working distinctions, which accom- 
panied the very inception of English rule in Ireland, that led 
Edmund Burke to exclaim, in the IVitish House of Commons, 
that a spirit of hostility to the Irisii began before the differences 




the Irish Parliament to measures which had iircviously been 
approved of in ICngland, acted as the Duke's deputy. 
Henry \'III. was very watchful and active in all State affairs, 
and his religious innovations caused much commotion through- 
out the country. Dublin did not escape them, for among the 
monasteries which he dissolved was that of All Hallows, 
founded by Dermot, King of Leinster, on the site now 
occupied by Trinity College. It may seem incongruous to say 
so, but this monarch was, as far as Ireland is concerned, 
anxious to effect many beneficial changes. The records of 
his iconoclastic reign furnish abundant [)roof of the truth of 
this assertion. He saw the evils from which that part of 
the country which acknowledged his domination was suffer- 
ing, and was anxious to apply effective remedies. Indeed, 
even in our own time, some of the sayings attributed to 
him in reference to the duties of landlords would be 
considered more democratic than regal. During his reign 
Parliaments were held in St. Mary's Abbey, where the Four 
Courts now stand. One of the Acts passed shows that in 
those distant times the agrarian difficulty was in evidence, for 
it declared the estates of all absentees forfeited: and this was 
done to prove how much he desired to behold in Ireland "a 
magnificent nobility, a resident gentry, a commonalty well fed, 



THE ROTUNDA. 



of Protestant and Catholic were known to the world. 
Henry's departure commenced 



After 



THE RISE OF VICEREGAL GOVERNMENT. 

Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath, was the King's representa- 
tive the year following the invasion. The galleries of the Castle 
Chapel are ornamented with oak panels, each one of which is 
engraved with the arms of the Lord Deputies or Lord Lieu- 
tenants who have resided in Dublin. 

The first of these is dated 1173, and bears De I>acy's device. 
It is a plain cross — an exceedingly simple piece of heraldry 
when compared with the escutcheons of modern governors. 
John, son of King Henry, was De Lacy's successor, having 
been declared Lord of Ireland at a Parliament held at Oxford. 
Henry VIII. , when Duke of York, was possessed of the 
nominal title of Lord Lieutenant; but Sir Edward Poynings, 
the author of Poynings' Law, which restricted legislation in 



and industry flourishing." Notwithstanding this, even during 
his reign, opposition to the powers that were was the order of 
the day, as is evidenced by the events that led up to the 
execution of Lord Thomas Fitzgerald, or " Silken Thomas," 
as he was styled, from the golden fringes used on the horses of 
himself and his followers. In recompense for the suppression 
of this revolt the King gave the citizens of Dublin the lands of 
All Hallows. Wlien Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne 
she enhanced and solidified the value of this gift by founding 
on the same ground — amid the din of arms and the tumult of 
civil war — the University of Dublin. King James had a 
passion for " improving Ireland," but his plans were too largely 
prompted by sinister and evil motives, and were doomed to, 
and deserved to, fail. During his reign "James's Street" was 
constructed, and many fine buildings erected therein. For 
twenty-seven years no Parliament had been held in Dublin, 
when in 1613 one was summoned. Unfortunately, sectarian 
differences at that time were very bitter, and a protracted 



u 



DUBLIN. 



struggle between Protestants and Catholics ensued in reference 
to the election of Speaker. A Protestant having been chosen. 







.\ DOOraVAV IN CHRIST CHURCH \ : : KAI,. 

the Catholic party left the Commons, and the acrimony 
engendered by the dispute, being encouraged by the successful 
attempts of the Scottish nation to obtain the freedom of their 
religion, led to the deplorable revolution of 1641. 
During the course of the rebellion, Dul)lin, in 1646, 
was besieged. In the midst of the civil war, which 
ended in 1652 in the triumph of the Protector, 
Charles I. was beheaded. On the restoration of 
r:harles II. the Duke of Ormond was Lord Lieutenant, 
and during his tenure of office the Castle became 
popular, it being the scene of revelry, gaiety, and 
splendour which in magnificence sur|>assed that of 
royalty itself. It was, however, when James II. was 
on the throne, and the Duke of Tyrconnell was Lord 
Lieutenant, that Dublin Castle, the headquarters of 
the lirilish Government in Ireland, reached the zenith 
of its popularity. The Duchess of Tyrconnell, in her 
day called the Queen of lieauty, gathered round her 
court a gala.\y of feminine beauties ("amongst whom 
her own daughters figured prominently) whose per- 
sonal charms, mental superiority, and rank won the 
admiration and homage of every class of the citizens. 
With the exit of the Duke and Duchess of Tyrconnell from 
the edifice on Cork Hill departed the glory of the viceregal 
court ; and it would be rash to say when it is likely, under 
present circumstances, 'to regain the high and well-deserved 
position which it then held in the esteem of the masses. 



In 16SS, King James II. visited Dublin with his immense 
army of French .ind English soldiers, and though he had time 
to hold a Parliament, he had soon to set off to 
oppose the Prince of Orange in the North. \\'i!liam, 
landed at Carricktergus on June 14th, 1690, with an 
army of Dutch troops, numbering 30,000. Almost 
the whole of the North espoused his cause, and in 
less than three weeks the two royal antagonists faced 
each other on the banks of the Boyne. The result 
of the conflict that followed brought defeat and disaster 
to James, and finally terminated the Stuart dynasty 
in these islands. James's inglorious flight to Dublin 
has by many been made the butt of historical ridicule. 
His remark to the beautiful Duchess of Tyrconnell 
about her countrymen's fleetness of foot in fleeing 
from danger, and Her Grace's stinging repartee to 
the effect that, fleet as they were. His Majesty, it 
appeared, had won the race, prove that the last of 
the Stuarts took prompt measures to act on the 
Napoleonic Sauve qui pent principle more than a 
century before that famous phrase was uttered by the 
PL-tit Caporal, and that at least one Irish lady duly 
appreciated his royal bravery. James was the last of 
his line who visited the Irish capital. 

The Prince of Orange came to Dublin imme- 
diately after the battle of the Boyne, and treated the 
inhabitants with that severity which he considered 
their devotion to the cause of his late rival demanded. 
Hume affirms that this was done despite the fact that 
neither the " ungracious and ungrateful little Dutch- 
man " nor his army were in any way molested on 
their triumphant march through the city to St. Patrick's 
Cathedral, where a magnificent thanksgiving service was held 
in gratitude for the victory conferred upon his arms at the 
Boyne. His conduct was in this respect soon forgotten, for. 




CKVIl I.N cniUM' CllUKCII CATIll:lJKAL. 



in 1 70 1, the citizens erected an equestrian statue in his honour 
in College Green. 

Dublin, being the centre of government and the scat 
of the executive power, played a leading role in the events 
which took jilace between ifiSS and 1782, during which 



DUHLIN. 



15 



period the callousness and indifference to popular sentiment 
of the liriiish Ciovcrnmeiit in its treatment of Irish affairs, 
combined with international difficulties and national embar- 
rassments, aroused the dormant spirit of Celtic nationality, 
and gave birth to the movement which ended in the granting 
of legislative independence. The attainment of this grand 
object began a new era for the country. Henceforth Ireland's 
interests were studied, the sentiments of the inhabitants were 
attended to, and the dictates of justice, which had, in the 
immediate past, been totally discarded, were fiiitiifuily followed. 
This glorious finale to a bitter, but just struggle, was secured 
mainly through the herculean efforts of the people's Parlia- 
mentary leaders, buttressed by the volunteers that magnificent 
embodiment of national strength which the precarious state 
of the imperial defences called into existence. The capital 
was one of the chief centres in the organisation of this force ; 
many thousands of the citizens threw themselves heart and 
soul into the movement, and, fully equipped and armed, 
were regularly drilled on College Green. The feeble and 
infatuated Ministry of England saw this powerful body 
grow in numbers, influence, and strength day by day, till 
at length, says a writer of those times, " they conceded what 
it was no longer jjracticable to withhold, and reco^'aised 



cies, expectations, and dignity, and the feelings of what was 
emphatically called Young Ireland. Of the adherents of this 
rising parly, Dublin was the ( hief rendezvous. Lord Edward 
I'itzgerald, Wolfe Tone, Seeling, McCormick, and many others 
were the heads of the movement, and their hearts being fired 
by the I''rench Revolution, they set themselves the task of 
establishing a republic in Ireland. This attempt was made 
simultaneously with the intrigues begun by the English Ministry 
to destroy, by means of bribery and corruption, Irish legislative 
independence. It also had the effect of precipitating that 
desired end. The rebellion broke out in 1798, and lasted 
about a year. The Duke of Leinster, instead of abetting the 
insurrection, as the masses surmised he would, on account of 
Lord Edward's connection with it, led the Dublin contingent 
of the volunteers against the belligerents, and materially 
assisted in the suppression of the outbreak. Over si.vty 




THE FOUR COURTS. 



Ireland as a Free Nation with a Legislature independent and 
supreme." 

The Parliaments which followed, between 17S2 and the 
year when the nation's independence was lost 

■ . . By treachery and fraud, 

By knaves who sold themselves for gold, 

As Judas did his God, 

were distinguished by the almost divine eloquence of Grattan, 
Flood, Malone, and a galaxy of others, including the embryo 
Duke of Wellington. Notwithstanding all attempts and the 
utmost devotednessand singlenessof purposeon thepart of many 
of the Parliamentary leaders, things did not prosper, and after 
years of experience, (^rattan was, owing to the march of events, 
forced to exclaim that the granting of their independence was 
but an attempt to unite the hoary decrei)itude of the old 
jobbing Ministry and the Borough Parliament with the exigen- 



thousand lives were sacrificed during the struggle, which lasted 
during an entire year. Thomas Street, Dublin, has been for 
ever rendered famous as being the thoroughfare in which the 
justly idolised Lord Edward met his death at the hands of the 
notorious Major Sirr. 



DUBLIN AFTER THE UNION. 

The Act of Union was finally carried, and on the ist of 
January, 1801, the Imperial Standard was, for the first time, 
unfurled over the Bedford Tower of the Castle, thus signi- 
fying the ratification of a compact which at the present 
moment is the cause of the keenest and bitterest political 
antagonism, not only in Ireland, but in every portion of the 
British Isles. If the signs of the times be taken into con- 
sideration in forming a judgment, the impartial chronicler of 
events can have little doubt in asserting that the end is 



i6 



DUBLIN. 



near at hand, and that the day is rapidly approaching when 
Irishmen of every creed and class,- forgetful of the past and 
the unfortunate and unreasonable differences which have 
held them in tiie bondage of discord, will be again united 
in their old legislative chambers and working in concord for 




SIDE VIEW or ST. Stephen's green. 

one grand and common object— their country's good. Dublin 
suffered great injury, both socially and commercially, by the 
Act of Union. During the fifteen years the country enjoyed 
the power of making her own laws, the capital was greatly 
■developed. \ew buildings were erected and streets con- 
structed ; those already in existence were imi)roved and 
beiutified, and her trade and commerce increased enormously. 
It was also the head-(]uarters of wealth and 
fashion. The city, which before and for long 
after the .Anglo-Norman invasion was centred 
round the neighbourhood of Castle Hill, and 
was little more than a mile in circumference, 
at the time of the Union measured over nine 
miles round. 'I'his wonderful develo|)nienl 
was attributed to the cessation of internal 
troubles, and liberal grants of jniblic money 
for the promotion of municipal and other 
useful works, the removal of the embargoes 
placed upon trade, and the spread of litera- 
ture and science, combined with ability and 
purity in the administration of public affairs. 
The passing of the Act of Union, if it did 
not change all this, pre|)ared the way for the change. Society 
fled the city, money became scarce, commerce was carried 
on under different conditions, and i)ublic policy differed 
with the Ministry and Executive in office. There was no 
continuity, no fixed aim, and, as a result, business languished, 
the door was opened for corruption and abuse, and muni- 
cipal affairs remained in the grasp of a somewhat exclusive 
circle. The lethargy which seized upon public life in the 



city was slightly ruflled by the alarm and panic caused 
through Emmet's attempted insurrection, which occurred three 
years after the Union. Robert Emmet was the son of an 
eminent Dublin physician, and himself a student and barrister 
of Trinity College, where, at the Historical Debating Society, 

he acquired considerable prominence for his eloquence 

"="'" and ardent patriotism. From his earliest youth his 
one idea was the freedom of his native land, and in 
] his rash endeavours to accomplish this object he 
I sacrificed his fortune, position, and finally his life. 
The purity of his motives has never been open to 
question, and though ignominious failure attended 
his efforts, his fame and memory are as green to-day 
in the hearts of his Nationalist fellow-countrymen as 
they were on the morning he expiated his offence 
upon the gallows. The agitations for Emancipation, 
which was granted in 1828, and for Repeal of the. 
Union, both led by Daniel O'Connell, were focussed 
in Dublin, and were the only incidents which tended 
to enliven the humdrum life of the city for almost half 
a century. 

THE MUNICIPALITY. 
The passage of the Municipal Reform Act in 1840 
effected a wonderful change in the internal affairs of 
the Irish capital. By this enactment Dublin was 
divided into fifteen wards, with a representation of 
__ one alderman and three councillors for each. This 

new arrangement of municipal government seemed 
to infuse new life into the citizens, and the fact that 
all disabilities had been removed from the Catliolic inhabitants 
tended greatly to awaken public interest in the energetic and 
proper fulfilment of municipal duties. From this date forth 
politics entered largely into the annual contests for seats on 
the city council, and, if their immediate result in the majority 
of instances has been the embilterment of party feeling, it 
cannot be denied that it has also purified the management of 




E.MKANCE 10 GI.ASNEVIN. 



every department of the city's business, secured the more 
j perfect accomplishment of imblic works, and cleared the 
, administration of the municipality from even the suspicion of 
apathy or jobbery. These are things of which the capital 
may justly feel proud, and which, by promoting the health, 
I education, comfort, and general well-being of the inhabitants, 
I have helped to make Dublin a centre of .refinement, learning, 
, and commerce, and by these means enabled her to maintain 



DUHLIN. 



her position as the first, most important, and most interesting 
city in the nation. 

THE APPROACHES T(^ DUHLIN 

are not equalled for general attractiveness and picturesque 
beauty by those of any other city in the British dominions, 
whetlicr it be entered by road, rail, or sea. There is not along 
the entire extent of the Irish coast, and in few places elsewhere 
in the world, a more perfectly charming view to be seen than 
that which presents itself to the traveller as he enters Dublin 
l?iy by the cross-channel or other steamer on a fine summer 
morning. Then the broad expanse of serene and placid waters, 
the undulating landscape away behind Killiney Hill on one 
side of the Bay, faced by the abrupt and rugged promontory 
of Howth, the deep and spotless azure of the heavens, bordered 



any morning in the month (say) of June, his verdict would 
assuredly have been considerably modified. As the vessel 
passes the islets of I.ambay and Ireland's Eye, away on the 
right lies a lung silver strand stretching back for miles till the 
gleaming sunrays become lost in the haze of the city. To the 
left is a li;;hlhouse, with a breakwater of considerable length 
behind and running right back to the capital. Between the 
strand and this lighthouse is the channel up which the 
steamers sail to their destination. The anchorage for the 
mail boats is not in the l.iffey, but a considerable distance 
away on the left, in the royal harbour of Kingstown, which 
previous to the visit of George IV. was called Dunleary. 
This harbour is 250 acres in extent, and protected by two 
piers. Creswick, the painter, averred that Dublin Bay during 
an autumn sunset presented tlic finest prospect of Nature he 




TRINirV (.OLLEGE, 



by the golden-capped emerald hills on the distant horizon, 
combine to form a picture, the sight and the remembrance of 
which will never be effaced from the memory or heart of any 
lover of Nature. 

The artist's best efforts can at the utmost but dimly reflect 
the grandeur of a scene which, in the opinion of those capable 
of forming a correct opinion, is equalled in Europe only by 
the lovely Bay of Naples. " See Naples and die," was probably 
uttered for the first time by' an individual who had never 
entered Dublin by the Liffey, otherwise this admonitory 
assertion of the unrivalled and unsurpassable beauty of the 
Italian land and seascape might never have been put on 
record. Had that visitor to the sunny climes of the South 
ever crossed over from Holyhead to Dublin and entered the 
Bay just 

As ihc (l.iyliglit splendid 
Come breaking o'er the seas. 



ever saw. Denis Florence McCarthy called it that " matchless 
wonder of a bay," while Lady DufTerin's muse inspired her to say : 

Oh, Bay of Dublin, my heart you're troublin', 
Your beauly haunts me like a fever dre.im ; 
Like frozen fountains that the sun sets bubblin', 
My heart's blood warms when I hear your name. 

The Bay is certainly a magnificent patch of water, and 
its beauty and grandeur are famed in both song and story. 
It is dear to the hearts of all Irishmen, but, to the dwellers ia 
the Irish capital, scarcely more so than old 

ANNA LIFFEV, 

on whose banks they fight their daily battle of existence. 
This river has in certain respects an unenviable reputation : this 
refers to that part of its course which divides the city, where its 
waters are certainly not of the most pellucid kind. Elsewhere, 



i8 



DUBLIN. 



however, from its source on the north side of the Wicklow 
Mountains, to the point where it enters the city, and from the 
first bridge between the capital and the Bay, the river itself 
and the scenery on its banks present some of the most 
picturesque scenes to be enjoyed anywhere in the country. It 
divides Dublin into two equal parts, and is spanned by many of 
the most beautiful and substantial pontine erections which con- 
nect the principal streets on the north and south sides. A sand- 
bank, a short time back, seriously impeded the navigation of the 
river, but this obstacle has been removed, the channel has been 
deepened, new wharves have been erected, and a splendid 
basin has been formed, the cost of which was close on 
;^3oo,ooo. All these improvements have done much to add 



street in Europe. It has sometimes been compared with the 
Broadway of New York, but there is much more airiness, and 
lightness, and grace about O'Connell Street than in the bustling, 
highly-coloured boulevard of America. And these effects are 
not produced by an absence of that animation which one 
expects to find in the centre of a capital, for there is abundance 
of it here, but the street is so expansive, like the great and busy 
Square at Alexandria more than anything else, and the houses 
and public buildings dwarf all street objects into such diminu- 
tiveness, that light Irish cars may be dashing past you, tramcars 
may be turning the corners of the streets on their way to the 
terminus at the base of Nelson's Pillar, and coal-drays in lines 
may be swiftly moving towards the ships moored to the quays. 




THE CIIAI-EL ROYAL AND TOWER. 



to the importance of the river as a shipjjing medium, and the 
natural and desired result — increased imports, exports, and 
internal trade— has been attained. I'rom the Liffey, at right 
angles, run some of the most important 

STREETS 

of the city — thoroughfares which for the beauty of their archi- 
tecture, the aggregate value of tiicir trading transactions, and 
general features of attractiveness, yield precedence to no others 
in the Empire. A striking exemplification of the truth of this is 
found in Westmoreland Street, Dame Street, Grafton Street, and 

O'CONNELL STREET, 

■which until recently was called Sackville Street. Than this 
there is, indeed, no wider, or, in point of vista, no more beautiful. 



and yet neither all these, nor the hundreds of people on the 
broad pavements, convey to you ideas of crowding or of that 
overwhelming, ponderous business activity you get in either 
London or Liverpool. It is the grace of the place that is it& 
principal charm. In no other street in the world will you 
see so many young and beautiful women iiromunading up 
and down between the hours of ten in the morning and five 
in the afternoon viewing the beautiful shops ; and if these 
do not attract your gaze you have public buildings with 
Ionic columns to glance at, and hotels — quite mansions of 
hotels, and not those with flaming posters glaring forth from 
chimney-stacks and side walls ; and lastly, you have right in the 
centre of this street the O'Connell Monument, Sir John Gray's 
Statue, the Nelson Column, with the gallant admiral standing 
bareheaded at the top and leaning against a capstan, and not 



DUBLIN. 



»9 



as on the London monument, against a tiny coil of rope — as if 
any one could gain support from that ! If you want to take in 
all the picturcsqueness at once you must stand on O'Conncll 
Bridge, and look down the roadway till your eye meets the 
Rotunda and the church spires that seem to pierce the sky 
above the houses at the Denmark Hill end of O'Connell Street. 
Vou will at once admit that it is no wonder this magnificent 
avenue is the favourite street of the citizens of Dublin, for 
you can see nothing before you but taste, and beauty, and 
prosperity. 

BRIDGES. 

The LifTey, in addition to possessing unrivalled quay and 
wharf accommodation, with absolutely safe and extensive 
anchorage for vessels of almost any tonnage, is said to be one 
of the " best bridged " rivers in the world. Within a mile and 
a half there are nine bridges connecting the north and south 
banks and the various leading thoroughfares in both divisions | 



Westminster Bridge. There are a balustrade and cornice, and 
the length is 250 feet, while its width is 51 feet O'Connell 
Bridge, from which a fme view of O'Connell Street and the 
monument to the Liberator in.iy be obtained, is too well 
known to need description. Finally, Wellington Bridge con- 
sists of one arch 240 feet by 12 feet. The structure is of 
iron, and since it was opened, in 1S16, has stood well the 
ravages of time and daily wear and tear. 

By sea and land internal and external intercourse with 
Dublin is wonderfully easy. In the city arc centred the 
termini of the principal Irish 

RAILWAV.S, 
with which indispensable aids to commerce and fast loco- 
motion the capital is well supplied. Communication with 
the west and midlands is facilitated by the Midland Great 
Western Railway, whose terminus is one of the chief archi- 




VIEW OF THE LIFFEV. 



of the city. King's Bridge, one of the more important of 
these, was designed by Papworth, and erected in 1827 and 
1828. It is so called owing to the visit of George IV. to 
Dublin, in 1821. It has a -span of 120 feet, with granite 
abutments, and is graceful in appearance. It cost ^£'13,000, 
and was erected by public subscription. Queen's Bridge is 
140 feet in length by 40 in width, and is so named in honour 
of Queen Charlotte. It is of stone, and was opened in 1768. 
Barrack Bridge — sometimes called Bloody Bridge, from the 
fact that four men were killed on it during one of the appren- 
tice riots, which were of frequent occurrence at the period 
of its erection, in 1670 — was rebuilt in 1858. Then there is 
Richmond Bridge, which has been erected on the site of the 
old Ormond Bridge. The latter did duty from 1428 till 1802, 
when it was swept away by heavy floods. The new structure 
was erected in iS 13-16, at a cost of ^25,000, and is 220 feet 
long by 52 feet wide. Whitworth Bridge jiresents a fme ap- 
pearance, and from it a magnificent view of the city and the 
river may be enjoyed. One of the finest pontine structures 
in Dublin is Grattan Bridire, which is built on the model of 



tectural attractions of its immediate vicinity. This line is 
noted for its regularity and for the minute attention it pays 
to everything that conduces to the comfort of travellers, and 
the prompt conveyance of goods, agricultural produce, and live 
stock. The Great Southern and Western Railway connects 
the capital with the South and southern part of the \\'est, 
while its Dublin terminus is one of great extent and presents 
a bright and attractive appearance. This is equally true of 
the Dublin and Drogheda terminus and the Dublin and 
Kingstown headijuarters. The Great Northern Railway and 
the London and North-Western station complete the network 
of connections between the metropolis and all parts of the 
country and England. Unfortunately, the traffic rates on the 
Irish railways are very heavy and unequal, and weigh somewhat 
unfairly on manufacturers and exporters, to the injury of trade 
generally. This is not altogether the fault of the directors, 
who must naturally endeavour to make some sort of return 
to their shareholders, even at the expense of those who 
are their chief supporters, and the only true jiromoters of 
the country's prosperity. Indeed, despite this, their dividends 



DUBLIN. 



are extremely low, and likely to remain so, till the invest- 
ment of capital in mining and manufacturing increases every 
branch of production, and thereby, in addition to augmenting 
railway dividends, enables the various governing bodies to 
lower their rates, and so assist in giving an impetus to the 
development of the natural resources, wealth, and trade of the 
nation. 

Just as O'Connell Street is the grandest and richest 
thoroughfare in the city, so the old 

HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT 



Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy of Ireland, an ancestor 
of the Marquis of Donegal. From 1604 until early in the 
eighteenth centurj', "Chichester House" was used by the 
Parliament and the Council for their sittings : and it was 
within these walls that the plot of the Rebellion of 1641 was 
betrayed by a drunken servant of one of the Peers. A move 
was afterwards made by the Parliament to the Blue Coat 
Hospital ; and there it sat periodically while the present 
edifice was in course of erection. To more than one artistic 
mind has been attributed the design of this fabric, but inas- 
much as the name of Sir Edward Lovet Pearce is found on all 




>r^v^]W«£^_^; tf J 



bA'.KX II i.i 



biKEET. (01 J Vint:) 



are the most magnificent buildings, and, on account of their 
associations, the most cherished and dearest to the heart of 
every i)atriotic citizen in the Liffey capital. It was within 
these walls that rapt audiences of the peers, noble ladies, and 
intelligent citizens for more than half a century listened to the 
orations of Fitzgibbon, Hely-Hutchinson, drattan. Flood, 
F:gan, Malone, Curran, and many other most distinguished 
orators and lawyers. And it was here, in 1782, that the inde- 
pendence of the Irish nation was declared, amidst what has 
been described as the most thrilling scene in the country's 
annals. In former times the grounds upon which this Legis- 
lative Palace was raised had been occupied by a nunnery ; and 
when this was demolished a mansion was built on the site, for 



of the original plans, it may be inferred the construction 
was chiefly due to lym. lie this as it may, there is ample 
testimony that the formation of the building was directed by 
the taste of the Irish members, and the cost (/; 100,000) met 
by their most liberal support. The form of the edifice is 
semicircular. It occupies nearly an acre and a half of ground. 
The chief entrance was beneath the grand portico in College 
C.rcen, and this, tlie principal front, consists of a lofty colonnade 
of the Ionic order, extending round three sides of a (juad- 
rangular recess. 'J'he Royal Arms are boldly cut in the 
tympanum above the entrances, and the apex surmounting 
this is embellished with the statues of " Hibernia," " Fidelity," 
, and " Commerce." 



DUDLIN. 



^t 



On the side of the building facing College Street is another 
jiortico of great beauty, which gave a separate entrance to the 
House of Lords. The architecture here is of ([uite another 
character, and becomes Corinthian ; this variety of style is said 
to be in accordance with the wish of the Peers, who considered 
that the mixture of the two styles, Ionic and Corinthian, would 
produce a richer and altogether more exquisite effect. This 
frontage is composed of six magnificent Corinthian columns, 
the apex on which is also adorned with statues. These 
represent "Forti- 
tude," " J ustice," and ^ 
" Liberty." A hand- 
some circular wall, 
with various alcoves 
inserted in it. con- 
nects the two Corin- 
thian and Ionic por- 
ticos. This, which, 
like the rest of the 
building, is of Port- 
land stone, was added 
when the building 
became the property 
of the Bank of Ire- 
land. The chamber 
used by the Peers is 
little altered since the 
Parliament sat, and is 
now the board-iooni 
of the Bank. It is a 
majestic though not 
by any means a capa- 
cious apartment ; and 
the recess, which was 
occupied by a cano])y 
of crimson velvet, 
where the Lord 
Lieutenant used to 
sit, surrounded with 
more splendour than 
His Majesty on the 
throne of England, 
is now filled with a 
full-length statue of 
George III., the 
monarch who granted 
independence to 
Irish legislation. On 
the mahogany walls 

are hung two famous pieces of tapestry, the work of Thomas 
Baillie, of Dublin, depicting the Defence of Derry and the 
Battle of the 15oyne. Various articles of furniture from both 
of the Legislative Chambers have been distributed away 
from the places they once adorned. The chair of the 
Speaker of the House of Lords is now an ornament in the 
Royal Irish Academy, Dawson Street : and that of the 
House of Commons is possessed by the Royal Dublin 
Society, in Kildare Street. The magnificent chandelier of the 
House of Commons now hangs from the ceiling of the 



Examination Hall in Trinity College ; and the mace used 
in the Commons has been left as an heirloom by John Foster, 
the last Speaker of that House, to Lord Massareene, his 
grandson. 

The House of Commons, originally circular in form, had to 
be, despite its great beauty of design, rebuilt, to meet the 
exigencies of the Bank, and the present cash office, though a 
noble hall, bears no resemblance to the magnificent Rotundi 
of the legislating days. In the year 1802-3, 'he old House of 

_ Commons was used 
as the principal .\rt 
Callery of Dublin; 
and among other 
artists exhibiting here 
was John Comerford, 
the eminent minia- 
ture painter. It was 
in 1804 that the Bank 
of Ireland, then itself 
an institution of 
twenty year^' stand- 
ing, became the pur- 
chasers of the Par- 
liament House for 
the sum of ^40,000, 
and the payment of 
an annual rent of 
^240. A wit of the 
day, hearing of the 
transformation that 
was about to take 
place, gave vent, in 
the following squib, 
to his opinion on the 
subject : 

If, as it is \>y some as- 

serced. 
This house 1)L- to a bank 

converted. 
What most we want wil 

then l>e there, 
Insleal'of what we l>est 

can sjiare. 

Few Irishmen of the 
present day will re- 
echo the sentiment 
contained in the last 
sentence of this 
poetic quatrain. The 
great majority are, very properly and justly, of opinion that 
were our old Parliament Houses devoted to their natural 
and primitive use we would, along with self government, and 
as a consequence of it, possess what, in the words of the wit, 
" we most want." 

There is no building in the midst of any community on 
which the eyes of all who take an interest in public affairs are 
more intently bent, than on that in which important questions 
and general business intim.itely affecting the local body politic 
are discussed and transact .'d. 




THE CHAIEI. ROYAL. 



22 



DUBLIN. 



For this reason, 



THE CTTV HALL, 



which was erected in i 769, is an object of much anxious interest 
on the part of all dwellers by the Liffey. Here the City Fathers 
meet, and deliberate and decide on matters of public importance 
and well-being. It is located in close contiguity to the Castle, 
and of late years there has been little harmony between the 
occupants of these two most important (in an administrative 
sense) buildings in Dublin. The City Hall was formerly the 
Royal Exchange. It is now made use of by the Dublin 
Corporation, who have transacted their civic business within its 
walls since 1S52. The form of this edifice is nearly a square 



high, perforated by twelve circular windows, ornamented with 
festoons of laurel-leaves, the whole crowned with a handsome 
spherical dome, divided into hexagonal compartments, enriched 
and well proportioned, and lighted from the centre by a large 
circular skylight. On each side of the twelve columns which 
support the dome are impost pilasters, of the Ionic order, 
rising to upwards of half the height of the column, the same 
as those which appear on the outside of tlie building, and 
covered with a fluted frieze and enriched cornice. The side- 
walks of the square are covered with a flat ceiling, the height 
of the impost pilasters, with enriched sofl'ets from the pilasters 
in the centre to others opposite them against the wall. Behind 
four of the columns, answering to the angles of the building, 




COURTYARD OK THE CASTl.E. 



of 100 feet ; there are three fronts, in the Corinthian order, 
crowned by a dome, which, rising from the centre of a range 
of six columns, with their corresponding pilasters and entab- 
lature, sustains a noble [jediment ; in this front a new entrance 
of Portland stone has been erected, which contrasts very 
favourably with the old entrance, which was crowned with 
unsightly railings. Excepting in the want of a pediment, there 
is little difference between tlie northern and western fronts. 
An elegant balustrade, interrupted only by the pediment of the 
northern front, and resting ujion a very elaborate cornice, runs 
round the summit. On entering this edifice, the attention is 
immediately called to many conspicuous beauties, but, above 
all, to the general form. Twelve fluted ])illars, of the Comi)osite 
order, thirty-two feet high, are circularly disposed in the centre 
of a square area, covered by a highly enriched entablature, 
above which is a beautiful cylindrical lantern, about ten feet 



are recesses with desks and other accommodation for writing, 
which are not only very convenient, but serve to square the 
side-walks in the blank arcades. There are in the hall really 
perfect statues of O'Connell, of Thomas Drummond (once 
Under-Secretary for Ireland), and of Grattan, on the last ot 
which is the appropriate inscription : 

Filio 

Optimo Carissimo 

Henrico Cirattaii 

Patria 

Non ingrata 

1S29 

Dublin is not behind any capital in Europe as far as is in 
question the splendour of the buildings in which justice is 
dispensed within her boundaries. The fame of that historic 
pile known as 



DUBLIN. 



«3 



THE FOUR COURTS 

has become world-wide. This noble structure is, like the 
Custom House, situated on the (|uays. Like the Custom 
House, too, there is over the building an immense dome, 
light green in colour, which reminds one of an Eastern 
mosque. Hcneath this dome is a spacious hall, whence doors 
lead into different courts, and which is a scene of the greatest 
•excitement during term time — barristers, solicitors, and clients 
all c.arr)-ing on their conferences while standing on the marble 
floor. The frontage of the Courts towards the river is ex- 
ceedingly imposing. Solemn gateways, surmounted with the 
emblems of the law, balustrades of stone running along the 
top of the walls, and Corinthian columns supporting the dome, 
all enhance the stately character of the architecture of this 
temple of Irish justice. The Four Courts were completed 
in the year of the L^nion, and cost ;^2oo,ooo. In the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth the Law Courts were removed from 
Dublin Castle, and there are records proving that at this time 
the Irish liar, owing to the abolition of the Brehon Laws and 



though commenced in 1 205, was not completed until fifteen 
years afterwards, when the royal founder had been dead four 
years. The fortress had its dungeons, drawbridge, prison, 
treasury, and a mill for the convenience of the garrison. 
State records tell us that a judicial combat by the sword has 
been fought within the walls of the Castle, and in presence of 
the Archbishop and Justices. This incident occurred in 1583, 
and an historian of the period thus refers to it : 

" Connor Mac Cormac O'Connor appealed Teigh M.ac 
Gilpatrick O'Connor before the Lords Justices, .\dam 
Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, and Sir Henry Wallop, and the 
Council, for killing his men under protection. Teigh, the 
defendant, pleaded that the appellant's men had, since they 
had taken protection, confederated with the rebel Cahir 
O'Connor, and therefore were also rebels, and that he was 
ready to maintain his plea by combat. The challenge being 
accepted by the appellant, all things were prepared to try the 
issue, and time and place appointed. .Vccording to prece- 
dents drawn from the law of England in such cases, the weapons, 
being sword and target, were chosen by the defendant, and the 




TIIF. VICKKEGAI. LODGE. 



the general insecurity of titles, had risen to great importance. 
From the Law Reports that survive it would appear that the 
business of the Bar was well done. The age of Irish 
eloquence, the result of a sterner time, had not arrived ; but 
something of the purity and grace of style conspicuous in the 
works of Burke and Goldsmith had found its way into the 
Irish forum. In Henrietta Street, not a stone's throw from 
the Four Courts, is situated the Irish School of Law, 
corresponding with the Temple in London, and known as 
the King's Inns. Another famous temple of Themis is the 
Green Street Court House, which during latter years has 
become notorious owing to its connection with the State trials 
of the national leaders and of other political offenders. 

The chief centre and head-quarters of the Imperial ad- 
ministrative and executive Government in Ireland is 

DUBLIN C.\STLE, 

which is located in a central and prominent position on Cork 
Hill. It was John, son of Henry II., who first conceived the 
need of a castle for the city of Dublin. To use his own 
words : " It was to be raised in a competent place, as well to 
curb the city as to defend it." The fastness, for such it then was, 



next day appointed for the combat. The Lords Justices, the 
fudges, and Councillors attended in places set apart for them, 
every man according to his rank, and most of the military 
officers, for the greater solemnity of the trial, were present ; 
the combatants were seated on two stools, one at each end of 
the inner court of the castle. The court being called, the 
appellant was led forward from his stool within the lists, 
stripped to his shirt, and searched by the secretary of state,- 
having no arms but his sword and target : and, taking a 
corporal oath that his quarrel was just, he made his reverence 
to the Lords Justices and the court, and then was conducted 
back to his stool. The same ceremony was observed as to the 
defendant. Then the pleadings were openly read, and the 
appellant was demanded, whether he would aver his appeal, 
which he answered in the affirmative : the defendant was also 
asked whether he would confess the action, or abide the trial 
of the same. He also answered that he would aver his plea 
by the sword. The signal being given by the sound of 
trumpet, they began the combat with great resolution. The 
appellant received two wounds in his leg, and one in his eye, 
and thereupon attempted to close the defendant, who, being 
too strong for hira, he pommelled him till he loosened his 



24 



DUBLIN. 



morign, and then with his own sword cut off his head, and on 
the point thereof presented it to the Lords Justices, and so his 
acquittal was recorded." Hooker gives the victory to the 
appellant, and yet acquits the defendant, which is a contradic- 
tion occasioned by his not attending to the legal terms ; and 
he concluded with an ill-natured remark, " that the combat 
■was managed with such valour and resolution on both sides 
that the spectators wished that it had rather fallen on the 
whole sept of the O'Connors than on those two gentlemen." 

From time to time Parliaments and Courts of Law were 
held, and more or less the Castle has always been the deposi- 
tory of archives of the city. It was not until Queen 
Elizabeth's reign that it became a viceregal residence. " The 



chambers of the interior are a council hall, hung round with 
portraits of all the Lord Lieutenants since 1798; and 
St. Patrick's Hall, built by Lord Chesterfield— that Lord 
Lieutenant whose creed, in the pleasant but wrong old times, 
was that there was no sin except " a breach of good manners." 
It is in this gorgeous apartment that the levees and drawing- 
rooms and balls are held, including that last fete of the 
Dublin season, St. Patrick's Ball, at which the ladies are 
bound by viceregal law to attire themselves in costumes of 
Irish manufacture. 

It would be almost impossible to say to how many uses 
parts of the Castle lend themselves in the present day. In 
one of the halls the degrees of the Queen's University are 




ST. r.\TRICK S CATUKDKAL. 



competent place '" selected by King John's deputy, Mcylcr 
Htz- Henry, for the site of the fortress was on the brow of a 
liill, at the south side of the river, and in the centre of the 
diminutive cajjital of those days. The Castle as it now 
stands no doubt retains much of the form of King John's 
design ; Ijut the greater portion of the edifice has been 
renewed and enlarged, the latest addition being the Chapel 
Royal, an exceedingly tasteful (lothic building, completed in 
1814. Partaking as they do of the character of a citadel, 
various portions of which have been added at different epochs, 
the Castle buildings present an unsymmetrical and gloomy 
aspect. Once within the splendid marble vestibule, or the 
1 ainted and gilded portions of the Castle, however, the mind 
is no longer weighted witli the ^.olemn memories suggested by 
ll.e towers and bastions without. The more magnificent 



annually conferred. In olhcr sections all the principal 
Government departments are located. So mi.\ed of the 
serious and the gay is everything in Ireland, that outside of 
these official quarters a motley group of careless lads and 
lasses, inspired by the cheerful music of the military bands, 
collect each morning and witness the ceremony of the trooi)S 
relieving guard. In the Upper Castle Yard is situated the 
famous Birmingham Tower, formerly used as a prison for 
State criminals, and from whence many a poor sinner has been 
led to execution. The most noted structures in the Lower 
Castle V'ard are the Chapel, the Bedford Tower, which is the 
official residence of the Dean, and the Record Tower, in 
which are deposited the archives of Ireland. Ulster King-of- 
Arms, Sir Bernard liiirke, C.B. — whose splendid literary 
achievements in developing the heraldry cf Ireland have won 



DUBLIN. 



25 



for him a patriot's fame and a European reputation — resides 
here, and is the lumoured guardian of these genealogical 
treasures. 

The educational wants of Dublin are fully supplied for 
the youth of both sexes, and of every class, by the National 
Schools under the Board, the great number of middle-class 
boarding establishments, the colleges belonging to the various 
denominations, the Royal University, and that most ancient 
and renowned of all Kblana's centres of culture, science, and 
learning — 

OLD TRLMTY. 

In the days of Elizabeth the broad distinctions between 
the Church and the Law now recognised had no existence. 



lost no time in making the desire of the people known to the 
Sovereign, and in 1591, eiglit years after the foundation of 
ICdinburgh University, the charter was issued for the erection of 

L'niim Collc'giuni — M.iUr L'niversitalis, 

words which imply that other colleges were intended in time 
to be added to " Trinity." 

The College began its existence unostentatiously, with 
Adam Loftus as Provost and three Fellows, James Eullerton, 
James Hamilton, and James Ussher, afterwards one of the 
greatest ornaments of the Church in Ireland. In some years 
which followed it was so poor that examinations for scholar- 
ships could not be held ; at other times all educational work 
had to be suspended on account of the tide of war flowing 










VIEW IN niil'.NMX PARK, 



Archbishop Ad.im Loftus, to whom the University of Dublin 
is said to owe its origin, filled at different times the offices of 
Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor. This remark- 
able man, ancestor of the Marquises of Ely, came from 
England as private chaplain to Thomas, Earl of Sussex, Lord 
Dei)uty of Ireland in the early years of Elizabeth's reign. In 
the course of his long public career it was observed that he 
took a warm interest in a college which was at that time 
attached to St. P.itrick's Cathedral, and to which scholars from 
many parts of Ireland came for their education. As the 
citizens had possession of the lands of the obsolete Priory 
of All Hallows, under grant of Henry VIII. , the idea at 
length seized them that these lands could be applied to no 
better- purpose than the establishment of a University ; and 
■with this object they offered tl;em to Loftus. His lordship 



through the city. When James II. was assembling his forces 
in Dublin for his unfortunate campaign in the North, Trinity 
College became his arsenal, and was placed in a condition of 
defence. The chapel of that period became a magazine, and 
the library and ch.imbers of the students were broken up and 
used as lodgings for the troops or as celis lor His Majestj's 
prisoners. Again, when the insurrections of 179S and 1S03 
broke out, the entrances to the University bristled with the 
muzzles of cannon. Even as late as the time of the Fenian 
disturbances, the plan of utilising the College as a fort or 
barrack engaged the thoughts of the chiefs of the garrison, 
and on one particular evening in 1S67, it will be remem- 
bered, a troop of Hussars was brought within the College 
precincts, and the bright uniforms of several officer guests were 
conspicuous that evening at the College ordinary amidst the 



26 



DUBLIN. 



sombre gowns of Fellows and Pensioners. It is, indeed, the 
eventful character of her history, as well as the brilliant lustre 
her more distinguished scholars have shed upon the place of 
their education, which have made " Old Trinity " a title to be 
mentioned only with pride and affection by Irishmen in what- 
ever quarter of the globe they may be sojourners. That the 
scholars of Trinity whose fame has become European are not 
few in number, is manifest when to the memory at once occur 
such names as Ussher. Berkeley (to whom Pope attributed 
every virtue under heaven), Leland, the Magees, Swift, 
Butler, Goldsmith, Burke, Plunket, Curran, Moore, Malone 
(editor of '-Shakespeare"), Barry, Yelverton, Lord O'Hagan. 
Todd, Lord Cairns, Dr. Ball, late Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 
and Lecky. The adversity which visited the University in 
her early days strengthened her, and, once her reputation 
became precious to the nation, benefactions flowed in from 
every quarter. Over and over again the English and Irish 
Parliaments have voted her magnificent grants in estates and 
money. King Charles, on his restoration, gave her all the 
lands in the southern counties forfeited by disloyal tenants. 
King William, in commemoration of the battle of the Boyne, 
endowed her library: Queen Anne gave ;^5,ooo to build a 
new one, and one of the Provosts, Dr. Baldwin, dying at the 
ripe age of ninety-two, bequeathed to the College the whole of 
his fortune of ;^8o,ooo. With these and a thousand other 
gifts, public and private, the University has increased century 
by century in wealth as well as usefulness. But with all her 
present weahh she is one of the most frugal of Colleges. 
This is shown in a remarkable way by recent statistics, which 
place it beyond doubt that Trinity College is maintained, and 
accomplishes her v.'ork with eminently satistactory results, 
with an income of little over ^60,000 a year, or one-tenth 
that of O.xford. The three Fellows who sat round the old 
Provost to advise him in the Elizabethan days, have since 
developed into a Senate, which comprises seven Senior and 
twenty-six Junior Fellows, all of whom, unlike their colleagues 
at O.xford and Cambridge, are allowed to take unto themselves 
wives, and, in order that they may support their wives in com- 
fort and dignity, are permitted to hold their Fellowship till 
they die. There are thirty-one Professorships, including chairs 
for Oratory, Music, and the development of the Irisli language, 
and all, save those for fJivinity, are now open to candidates of 
every religious denomination. 

Outside of the main buildings, in a private garden to the 
right, is a substantial, classical-looking mansion, used since the 
days of Hely-Hutchinson (the only lay Provost of the College) 
as the residence of the Provosts. The collection of paintings 
which are hung round the reception rooms here, includes works 
by Gainsborough, Guido, and Sir Thomas Lawrence, There 
are several museums within the College jirecincts, and also a 
gymnasium, a school of medicine, and a racc|uet-court. The 
Medical School of Trinity College is the only one in the 
kingdom which enforces the taking out of a degree in Atts as 
well as in .Medicine, before the pupil can obtain his diploma. 

The iJining Hall, the Examination Hall, and the Cha])el, 
occupy positions in the Campanile .Square, and here also is 
the Library, supported by a long Italian pia/za. The work of 
stocking this institution with books was undertaken at tiie 
time when the Bodlc'an was being furnished, and as it is one 



of the libraries to which a copy of every volume published in 
the United Kingdom is sent, the collection is of the highest 
value. Probably the rarest curiosities are a gigantic map of 
Ireland, containing 1,500 sheets, and which is admitted to be 
one of the greatest geographical achievements in the world r. 
the Book of Kells, beautifully illuminated by Irish monks of 
the earliest times ; the Book of Armagh ; the complete library 
of Baron Fagel, which was purchased by the University for 
jf 8,000 ; Dugdale's " History of the Churches and .A.bbeys 
of England " (an entire volume in this series is devoted to St. 
Paul's Cathedral) ; and the '' Antiquities of Mexico," a work 
which cost the editor. Lord Kingsborough, ;^30,ooo to pre- 
pare. The galleries of the Library are adorned with busts of 
the celebrities of the College. The Chapel and the Examina- 
tion Hall contain portraits by old and modern masters of the 
same worthies, as well as of the illustrious foundress, and 
several of the Chancellors. The principal front of the Uni- 
versity buildings is in College Green, and this, with the oldl 
Senate House, which is at right angles to it, gives to this, 
open space a majestic appearance not to be rivalled b)- 
any other of the beautiful views in Dublin. Within the 
College boundaries are four quadrangles which extend back- 
wards for more than a quarter of a mile. All of these 
contain lofty stone residences. Behind these, again, ex- 
tending another quarter of a mile, is the College Park., 
wherein is held the famous Annual Athletic Meeting., 
always graced by the presence of the Lord Lieutenant and 
the fashionable world of Dublin. In the centre of the two- 
front quadrangles is a beautiful campanile, raised through the 
munificence of Primate Heresford. The bells of this structure 
correspond in their tone with those of St. Paul's, London. 
When the excavations were being made for the erection of this, 
campanile, some stone coffins and part of the old Priory were- 
discovered. The human remains were reinterred beneath, 
the cloisters in the [jresent Chapel, where also may be seen the- 
coffins of nearly all the Provosts. 

The Catholic schools and colleges are specially worthy of 
commendation. Their architectural features, admirable system, 
of education, the wide range of subjects taught, and the- 
advanced course through which students in the more impor^- 
tant colleges pass, combined, render their curriculum in most 
respects equal to that of any University. In this connection, 
the Jesuits, Christian Brothers, and the other male and female 
religious orders do most important work, and fulfil their noble- 
mission in a manner worthy of their high vocation. The other ■ 
religious denominations, such as the Presbyterians, Wesleyans, . 
and Society of Friends, in like manner adequately provide for 
the intellectual development of their rising generation, and 
possess many handsome and thoroughly efficient educational, 
establishments. 

Then there is that vigilant public body, 

TIIF. X.\TIONAL DEPARTMENT OF IRISH 
EDUCATION, 
whose chief object is to maintain schools in every part of 
Ireland, and whose head-(|uarters are located in Marlborough 
Street, a thoroughfare parallel to O'Connell Street, on the 
north side of the Liffey. The land on which the buildings, 
are raised originally formed the gardens of " Tyrone House,"* 



DUBLIN. 



= 7 



the town residence of a former Marquis of Waterford. The 
buildings, though unpretenlidus, arc substantial, and sugtjcstive 
by their number and si/c of the imjiorlant work transacted wiiliin 
their walls. Old Tyrone House is chiefly used for the ofiices of 
the Executive Commissioners. A building to its right is the 
Training Establishment, in which upwards of one hundred and 
eighty teachers are trained annually for the work of conducting 
model schools. In the background are three juvenile schools, 
that in the centre, surmounted by a turret and clock tower, 
being for infants, while those which lie north and south of it, 
are the boys' and girls' schools respectively. More than three 
thousand pupils of all denominations were entered on the rolls 
of these seminaries some years ago. Primarily intended for 
the poor, these schools have, from the general superiority of 
the education given in them, attracted large numbers of 



under the control of the Commissioners of National Educa- 
tion. A large number of young men are being trained here, 
on a farm of one hundred and eighty acres, in the science and 
practice of agriculture, a pursuit which is of the highest 
importance where the cultivation of the soil, as it is in Ireland, 
is the occupation of the great majority of the inhabitants of 
the country. 

At the junction of St. Stephen's Creen with York Street, 
stands 

THE ROVAE COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 
a fine building of mountain granite, two storeys in height, 
and presenting a farade, the pediment of which is decorated 
with colossal statues, representing Minerva supporting 
.•Escula])ius and Hygeia. The cost of the building, which was 
commenced in 1865, exceeded ^35,000. Besides the Board 




VIKW AT KI.NGSTOWN. 



children from the middle classes. For these a higher scale of 
fees has been devised. Not merely are drawing, singing, and 
the use of the sewing-machine here taught, but those who can 
afford to pay reasonably can learn the harmonium, the piano, 
and even modern languages, from competent teachers. In 
another building are the " Practising Schools,' commanding an 
attendance of from sixty to a hundred pupils, and presided 
over by one teacher and an assistant. These are designed to 
exhibit what an ordinary rural national school, managed by 
local parties, should be in its arrangements and discipline. In 
the garden in front of the schools, and facing the Catholic 
Pro-Cathedral on the other side of the street, there is a statue, 
by the Irish sculptor Farrell, of the late Right Hon. Sir 
Alexander Macdonnell, Bart., who, as Resident Commissioner, 
guided the administration for more than thirty years. 

About three miles from Dublin is the Model Farm called 
after the Prince Consort, and which is another institution 



Room, the Examination Hall, and the Library, the building 
contains three museums which are open to the public. 
Amongst the objects of interest to be seen here, is an ex- 
ceedingly well-preserved Peruvian mummy, the first, it is said, 
ever brought to this country ; and a collection of fine pre- 
parations in wax, representing the human body, the gift of the 
Duke of Northumberland. 

Somewhat allied in methods and aims with the foregoing is 

THE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE. 

This institution, which is situated on the east side of St. 
Stephen's Green, is a continuation of what was once the 
" Museum of Irish Industry and School of Science." When 
first founded, the museum was simply exhibitional, and was 
formed on the model of the London School of Mines, then in 
Craig's Court, but now in Jermyn Street. Subsequently, when 
Dr. Lyon Playfair was one of the Secretaries in the English 

C 2 



28 



DUBLIN. 



Department of Science and Ait, the courses of lectures which 
used to be delivered in the Royal Dublin Society House were 
transferred here. A particular branch of the present course of 
studies is chemistry. To aid the development of this study a 
laboratory has been added, and under the present Professor of 
this science, the College has made much advancement, several 
of the pupils having gone from it to Engl.ind, and there gained 
the highest chemical honours the London University can 
bestow. In 1S64, a select committee advised that the ex- 
hibitional functions of the institution 
should be handed over to the Royal 
Dublin Society, in whose buildings a 
National Museum on the plan of South 
Kensington has been inaugurated. The 
title of the St. Stephen's Green estab- 
lishment afterwards became '"The Col- 
lege of Science," and the whole of its 
duty is now instructional. The College 
costs the country ^^7,000 a year. 

Another noted and eminently useful 
educational centre is 

THE ROYAL DUBLIN SOCIETY. 
In the year 1731, two gentlemen 
named Madden and Prior started a 
society for the advancement of " Hus- 
bandry and other useful Arts. ' ^Vith 
their own capital the institution was 
inaugurated ; but as prizes were offered 
for progress in the linen manufacture, 
and industrial and agricultural exhibi- 
tions were promoted by the society, 
its usefulness became most manifest. 
The first cattle show which ever took 
j)lace in Dublin was held on the ground 
where now stands the Theatre Royal, 
jian of which, that in Hawkins Street, 
was built by the Madden and Prior 
Society. For this building, as well as 
for other philanthropic efforts of the 
society, the Irish Parliament voted 
a handsome annual grant. \\'l)en 
(icorge II. was on the throne the 
society became a chartered institu- 
tion, and assumed its present title. Its 
duties have also been enlarged, and it 
now not only fosters husbandry and 
literature, but science of all kinds and 
all the useful arts. The present build- 
ing in Kildare Street is historically famous, having been for a 
long period the town residence of the Dukes of Leinster, and 
was celebrated for the fesnMties carried on there, as well as 
for the notable escape of Lord Edward I'iizgerald from the 
town major and his officers by means of a spiral staircase. In 
1815 the Royal Dublin Society bought this Hou.se for j^20,ooo ; 
It had cost ^80,000, but the then Duke of LcinsleF sold it at 
a sacrifice, seeing it was to be used for such benevolent pur- 
])oses. Till recently you were reminded of this great family on 
entering the grounds, by seeing a venerable old man, Mr. BoshaU, 




OCON.NELLS GRAVE, GLASNICVIN. 



the head gardener, whose father, grand and great-grandfather 
had each acted in the same capacity to Ireland's premier Duke. 
The gardens, called the Leinster Lawn, of which he had charge, 
are small, but very ornamental. In the centre of the green 
slopes rises an equestrian statue of the Prince Consort. There is 
also here a stauie of the " Irish Railway King," J)argan, and a 
bust by Farrell of the greatest of modern Irish composers, lialfe. 
Irishmen, and the citizens of Dublin in particular, have 
always held a front rank position in the domain of An. Their 
most famous productions in painting 
and sculpture may be .seen in 



THE ROYAL HIBERNL\N 
ACADEMY. 

This building was erected in 1S23, 
when also the society was incorjiorated 
by the munificence of Mr. Francis 
Jolmston, its first president. He has 
been succeeded in the presidential 
chair from time to lime by Martin 
Cregan, George Petrie, Catterson 
Smith, and Sir Thomas Deane. In 
1S29, the Royal Hibernian Academy 
opened their first Exhibition, to which 
George Petrie contributed "Ardfmnan 
Castle," one of his largest and finest 
works. Amongst the more famous con- 
tributors from time to time have been 
Sir Martin A. Shee, Maclise, Turner, 
and Stanfield. Sculpture and sculp- 
tors are adinirably represented in the 
works and person of Mr.Thomas Farrell, 
of Mounljoy Square, who is a most 
distinguished member of the Academy. 
Tiiis artist is a genius of the first order, 
ar.d possesses the unitiue distinction of 
having embellished his native city with 
the works of his skilful hand and fertile 
brain. \\'ith the exception of a tew by 
Hogan and Foley, most of the statues 
and monuments which ornament the 
public ])laces, churches, and buildings 
in Dublin, have come from the studio 
of Mr. Farrell and his father, who, like 
his son, was an eminent and widely 
patronised sculptor. 

In close connection with the .Vca- 
demy is 



THE NATIONAL GALLERY. 
.■\t the close of the Exhibition of 1R53, which was held 
upon the Leinster Lawn, Merrion Stpiare, a number of in- 
fluential citizens, admirers of Mr. ^\'illiam Dargan, assembled 
together with the object of establishing a memorial of this 
gentleman, whose enterprise and patriotism were shown not 
only with respect to the Exhibition, but also in originating and 
developing all the great railways in Ireland. A sum of ^{^6,000 
was collected, and with this a colossal Art Gallery was erected 
at the northern end of the Lawn, and a statue of .Mr. D.r^an, 



JJUIIJ-IN. 



29 



the work of Mr. Thomas Parrell, was placed in front of the 
structure. No sooner was the building of the Gallery, which 
was intended to be called the Industrial Institution, begun, 
than the (lovernment handsomely came forward with a large 
annual grant. The building when completed, in January, 
1864, was opened as the National Ciallery of Ireland. It 
assumed the character of a .'!ei)aralc Government department 




i;-v^^>*3S^sa» ?i4A^-t^^^^i:>:j^::£^ 



''C^''"r^ '^* 



NtW TC.NNEl. LMilk PHCEMX PARK. 



directly under the Treasury, like tl)e London Gallery. It 
differs, however, from the latter in that its governing body is 
larger, and partly of a representative character. The chief 
executive officer is the director, the present occupant having 
held the office for several years, and directed the institution 
with the tact and ability so characteristic of his immediate pre- 
decessors. The collection is remarkable for its comprehensive- 
ness, comprising, in addition to a singularly fine collection of 
casts from the antique in its sculpture hall, one large gallery of 
original paintings by the Old Masters of various 
schools, and five smaller ones, divided as follows : 
I, Modern Pictures : 2, Water Colours ; 3, National 
Portrait Gallery ; 4, A Loan Collection of Pictures ; 
5, Original Drawings by the Old Masters, Engrav- 
ings, Autotypes, etc. The collection, as a whole, 
may fairly claim a place amongst European galleries 
of the second rank, and it contains at least a few- 
pictures of the chief schools which might not un- 
worthily find a place in those of the first. In the 
Italian schools may be mentioned the double por- 
trait by S. Bellini and Giorgione, the Holy Family 
by Ghirlandajo, the Perdella by A. del Sarto, the 
St. Sebastian by Caravaggio, the portraits by Moroni 
and 'Mntorct, and the unique I'ete at Rome by 
Panini. In the Dutch and Flemish, the choice 
examples of Cuyp, Van der Velde, Teniers, Ruys- 
dael, P. Potter, and Bega ; and in the -Spanish, the Infant 
St. John, and the portrait by Murillo, the singular St. Jerome 
by Morales, and a good Ribera. In the Modern Room, 
though a certain prominence is given to native artists, such as 
Maclise, Danby, O'Connor, Shee, there are several fine pic- 
tures by Wilkie, Roberts, and Leslie, etc., and a few by 
foreign painters. In the Water Colour Room will be found 
represented all the great masters of the branch ; the fifty-two 
sketches by Turner being a loan from the Trustees of the 



Turner Bequest. The National Portrait Gallery is fortunate 

in the high standard of merit that has been preserved in the 

pictures, indejjendent of the interest of their subjects. One of 

the most delicately finished works is a portrait of Lady 

Morgan, "The Wild Irish Girl." Reynolds, Gainsborough, 

Hogarth, Lawrence, are all rejtresented worthily. This will 

suffice to indicate the general character of this interesting 

collection. I will only add that the gallery has developed 

rapidly, though gradually, into its present position, and that 

it is not nearly so well known as it deserves to be. It 

would well repay a visit to Dublin, although t'.ie city 

possessed no other attraction. 

The Fourth Estate is a powerful factor in the educa- 
tional economy of every civilised people. In few countries 
in the world does the newspajier exercise such potent 
influence as in Ireland, whose capital has its interests and 
inhabitants guarded and enlightened by a section of 

THE PRESS, 

which is at once ably and independently conducted and 

entirely devoted to the public good. In Dublin, as elsewhere, 

the various organs of public opinion are politically divided, 

but this fact is never allowed to interfere with their highest 

duly — the promotion of every movement and object tending to 

the mental and material advancement of their readers and the 

city. Even in political matters, in which their divergence of 

views is greatest, except on very rare occasions, questions are 

discussed in a moderate, reasonable, and open spirit. The 

Freetiiait's Journal is the oldest and most influential of the 

dailies published in the city or anywhere else throughout the 

country. It is the leading organ of the Nationalist party, 

whose policy it supports and urges with the most conspicuous 




Nt.u KAU.w.W MAiKi.N AT N0R1 H WALL. 

vigour, ability, and consistency. This journal was founded 
early in the last century, and during the greater part of its 
existence has been owned and directed by the Gray family, 
whose sympathies have ever been identified with those of the 
great body of their countrymen. Sir John Gray and the late 
Edmund Dwyer Gray, under whose control the paper acquired 
its greatest prestige and influence, have both made their mark 
in Irish history, owing to the |)rominent part they played in 
the political struggles of their time and their ardent advocacy 



3° 



DUBLIN. 



of popular demands. It is but a short time since Mr. E. D. 
Gray's decease, and that sad event was and is justly regarded 
as nothing short of a national calamity. It is no exaggeration 
to say that he was one of Dublin's most respected citizens : 
his moderation, his patriotism, his charit)^ and his unfaltering 
devotion to what he considered just and worthy of support, 
won for him the esteem of every class and creed, and will no 
doubt cause future generations of citizens to hold in reverence 
the name and brilliant and honourable career of the worthy 
son of an illustrious father. Some time prior to I^Ir. Gray's 
demise, the proprietorship of The Freeman s Joui-iial \\2a taken 
over by a limited liability company. Its policy under its new 
proprietors has undergone no change, nor has its success 
suffered any diminution. The Irish Times is the e.xponent and 
representative of the Liberal Unionist doctrine, and is run 
with considerable skill. Its articles are smartly, and from its 
standpoint impartially, written. Its news is always "up to 
date," and there is a freshness and crispness in its style of 
presenting current items which have secured it an influential 
following. The Express is the Conservative organ, and upholds 
constitutional principles without mincing phrases. Its literary 
contents are quite on a par with its more powerful competitors, 
while its leaders and leaderettes are written with considerable 
power, vivacity, and undeviating adherence to the interests of 
the party it represents. The Mail may be regarded as the even- 
ing counterpart of Tlie Express, and The Evening Telegraph 
(the best and most ably conducted evening paper in Ireland) 
as the duplicate of The Freeman, their politics and principles 
being in all respects similar to those of their morning prototypes. 

The Amotion is the oldest and most select of the weeklies, 
just as The Irish Catholic is the newest and one of the most 
useful. Both issue from the same office, and are the property 
of the late Lord Mayor, Mr. T. D. Sullivan, and have very 
extensive circulations. The Nation is a paper eminently 
worthy of the support of every man of culture or patriotism. 
Its articles are singularly logical and powerful, and written in a 
clear and dispassionate style calculated to bring conviction to 
the mind of any man of a frank disposition, or not absolutely 
possessed by ignorance and prejudice. Then there is United 
Ireland, the most widely read weekly newspaper in all Ireland — 
if not in the British Isles. The history of this journal would be 
a synopsis of the National movement during the past decade, 
and the exigencies of space forbid the introduction of this 
subject. United Ireland is a political force of the first magni- 
tude, and the results of its teaching and victorious struggles are 
evident to-day throughout the land in a manner that renders com- 
ment here quite unnecessary. Its editor, Mr. AViiliam O'Brien, 
is known and revered — and, it may be added, hated — wherever 
the English tongue is spoken. Mr. O'Brien is also president of 
that useful body, the .Association of Irish Journalists. In addition 
to these, tlicre is Sport, vigorously conducted by Mr. Gallagher, 
and a large number of religious, class, and trade papers and 
magazines, foremost among which rank The Weekly Freeman, 
The Irish Afanii/aetiirer:' Journal, Irish Society, The University 
Magazine, The Irish Ecclesiastical Record, and The Dublin 
Ret'icici, whose pages are literally storehouses of trade news, 
and classical, historical, and scientific research and learning. 

I'rom the very dawn of civilisation Art and Religion have 
been inseparable handmaids ; and in no city in the world is 



this fact more amply demonstrated than in the Irish metropolis, 
whose splendid churches may be justly ranked among the 
architectural gems of the age. Among the numerous classic 
and imposing places of worship with which Dublin is studded, 
the premier position, both in regard to historic interest and 
beauty of architecture, fs by common consent accorded to 

CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL. 

This magnificent pile is regarded with reverence by every 
citizen of the Irish capital, whatever his religious belief. 
Sitric, the founder of the Cathedral, was a Dane, but inasmuch 
as Ireland became the country of his adoption, as he reigned 
over Dublin for many years, and for all we know died in it, he 
may be considered a Dane by birth only. The structures, and 
they are many, said to be designed by so-called Danes, may 
all be held to be the work of " settlers," and not of the Ostmen 
proper, who too frequently came and went as robbers, and 
pillaged and destroyed churches and palaces, and whole 
districts, whenever they were permitted to make an entrance 
into them. The Danes of Dublin were, however, a settled 
colony, who relinquished the life of Vikings, made a city, 
erected fortifications, and fought in many a bloody war for its 
protection. It was in 103S that Sitric, with the aid of Donat, 
Bishop of Dublin, ordered the erection of the Cathedral. The 
church was over and over again enlarged by the addition of 
smaller chapels, but in 1 120, in the same year that St. Patrick's 
Cathedral was built by Comyn, Archbishop of Dublin, that 
prelate so altered and renovated Christ Church that it became 
in almost every detail a new erection. Early in the present 
century it was described as a " lumpish cruciform pile, with a 
wide tower rising a little more than high enough over the inter- 
section of the nave and the transept to make the whole mass 
seem hunchbacked." It will be in the recollection of many 
that Mr. Henry Roe, the well-known Irish distiller, restored 
this splendid ecclesiastical building at a cost of more than 
^200,000. He entrusted the work to Mr. G. E. Street, and 
that architect made the Cathedral one of the most perfect 
specimens of early English architecture in the kingdom. As 
far as possible he adhered to the designs of its founder, and 
added a new Synod House for the use of the Synod and the 
united dioceses of Dublin, Glendalough, and Kildare. A 
further sum of ^^20,000 for the sustentation of the clergy and 
the choir was given by Mr. Roe, whose sad i-everse of fortune 
some years ago evoked deep sympathy among all classes. The 
traditions of the fabric are full of interest. A Parliament was 
held within the walls by Henry VL in 1450, and it was here 
that the inq)ostor Laniljert Simnel was crowned as king in 
1487, the crown used on this occasion having been borrowed 
from a slatue of the N'irgin in the neighbouring church on 
Cork Hill. It has for generations been believed that the 
bodies of Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, and his wife Eva, 
daughter of Dermot, King of Leinster, were interred here. 
Doubt, however, has recently become somewhat pronounced 
on this point, and Canon Finlayson quotes heraldic authorities 
in support of his idea that the arms on the tomb are not those 
of Strongbow, but of one of his followers, I'itz-Osbert. The 
Canon also agrees with the view that the mutilated stone 
supposed to have represented l^va is in reality Strongbow's 



DUBLIN. 



3' 



son, who was cut in two by his father as a punishment for his 
cowardice. I.eland, in his history of Ireland, remarks that 
there is an inscription in Ciioucester Cathedral intimating that 
the body of the Earl of Pembroke was interred in the cloisters 
there. It is only fair to Canon Finlayson to add that in his 
book he i|uotcs the followinj; words from Ciraldiis Cambrcnsis, 
the author of "'I'hc Coniiuest of Ireland:" '"The carl was 
interred in Christ Church, and his funeral obse(|uies were 
performed by .\rchbishop Lawrence O'l'oole." 
Though a modern building, 

THE CATHOLIC rRO-C.\THEDR.\L 

of Dublin is in few respects inferior to the foregoing. It is 
situated in Marlborough Street, and is built in the Grecian, 
style of architecture. In this case it contributes all the cha- 
■racteristics of sublimity of conception, beauty and symmetry 
■of proportion, and that reverential solemnity of air which 
harmonises with the mystic functions of religion. 

The Cathedral consists of a lengthened nave and side 
aisles, divided by stately rows of massive Doric columns, 
supporting an architrave and entablature, and an arched 
■ceiling surmounted by a lofty dome. The high marble altar 
was executed by Turnerelli. In the concave apse of the 
■ceiling over the altar the Ascension of our Saviour is repre- 
sented in relievo, and is an original spirited and highly 
admired work of art, full of expression, and designed by the 
Irish sculptor, John Smith. There are two porticoes, built by 
Archdeacon Hamilton. The church was designed by Mr. 
John Sweetman, of Raheny. It cost ^50,000, and stands on 
•the site originally occupied by the city mansion of Lord 
Annesley. The site and house were purchased in the year 
1S03 for the sum of ^5,000, but the committee, for want of 
funds, were unable to commence the erection of the church 
■for twelve years after. During that interval the mansion was 
■rented for a barrack at ^^300 a year to Government. Until 
'the close of the last century the chief Catholic Episcopal parish 
of the city was that of St. Nicholas of Myra, Francis Street, 
but was changed for St. Mary's of the Immaculate Conception 
■by Archbishop Troy. 

This Pro-Cathedral was the first majestic church erected 
by the Roman Catholics of Ireland after the repeal of the 
ipenal laws, and its erection was an era associated with many 
most memorable events in their modern history. The first 
■stone was blessed and deposited on the 14th of November, 
1815, the Feast of St. Lawrence O'Toole, by the Archbishops 
Troy and Murray. Curran, the great orator and eloquent 
-advocate of the Catholic claims, was present on the occasion, 
and in the course of his speech used the words, "I rocked ye 
in your cradle, and come here to-day to see ye step forth in 
jour manhood." Archbishop Troy died in 1823, and, though 
church then was not entirely completed, his obsequies 
-were observed, and were the object of the first funeral func- 
tions celebrated within the fabric. The churcii was dedicated 
-and opened for worship on the 14th November, 1825, by 
Archbishop Murray, assisted by nine Bishops, and in presence 
•of a congregation of 3,000 persons, who on that day con- 
tributed ^£'2, 371 to the Church Building Fund. The dedica- 
-tion sermon was preached by the BOssuet of the age, James 



Doyle, IJishop of Kildare and Leighlin. The Bishops were 
entertained at dinner on that evening by 300 gentlemen, 
presided over by Sir Thomas Esmi»nde, and amongst the 
distinguished company were .'^heil and O'Connell. The (unc- 
tions of religion are celebrated in this church with all the 
j,'randeur and solemnity of the Roman ritual, under the pre- 
sidency of his ( Irare, 1 >r. Walsh, than whom a more popular 
or patriotic prelate has • never filled the See of St. Lawrence 
O'Toole. 

Perhaps the most celebrated religious edifice on the banks 
of the Liffey is 

ST. P.\TRICK'S CATHEDRAL, 

which owes its origin to John Comyn, .■\rchbishop of Dublin, 
who, in 119c, is said to have selected this site because there 
was here in ancient days a well, and some say a church, which 
had been used by St. Patrick. The steej)le and the spire, 
which is low, and of the square extinguisher pattern, are 
growths of later periods. The Cathedral has had an eventful 
history. It has been used for the Courts of Law, and over 
and over again for a military barrack and a prison ; and it was 
so sacrilegiously despoiled and damaged by arrows in 1492, 
when the Fitzgeralds, who were for the Yorkists, quarrelled 
with the Ormonds, who were Lancastrians, that the Holy Sec, 
as an atonement for the outrage, commanded the Mayor of 
Dublin to walk every Corpus Christi Day barefoot through the 
city. It has been the scene of many splendid ceremonies. 
The Prince of Orange attended here with his army to return 
thanks for the victory at the Boyne ; and within these walls 
George IV. and our own Prince of Wales have been present 
(the latter as recipient of the honour) at an Installation of 
Knights of the Order of St. Patrick. The principal monu- 
ments in the Cathedral are those to the memory of Swift 
and "Stella ; " of the great Earl of Cork, the lawyer's clerk of 
Elizabeth's reign who rose to be a peer and one of the 
wealthiest landowners in Munster ; of Curran, the orator ; of 
Charles Wolfe, author of the "Burial of Sir John Moore;" 
of Archbishop Whately ; of Lord Mayo, Governor-( General of 
India ; of Dame St. Leger, who was married to four husbands, 
and yet died at the age of thirty-seven ; of Captain Boyd, of 
H.M.S. Ajax, drowned at Kingstown Harbour in trying to 
save the lives of shipwrecked sailors ; of Carolan, the last of 
the Irish bards ; of Sam Lover, painter, poet, and novelist ; of 
the Rev. James Henthorn Todd, D.D., the biogr.ipher of St. 
Patrick ; and a host of other distinguished men. 

The interior of the Chapel Royal reveals a picture of the 
richest architectural beauty. The galleries are of polished 
Irish oak, and the panelling in them displays carvings of the 
coats-of-arms of all the Governors of Ireland since the landing 
of Henry II. There are a large number of exquisitely painted 
windows. On these also the escutcheons of the Lord-Lieu- 
tenants are portrayed. Over the altar is a magnificent oriel 
window ; and the painting here, representing an episode in 
the life of Our Saviour, is the work of an eminent Dutch 
master. It was bought in Flanders by Lord Whitworth for 
^400, and presented by him to the Chapel. There is no 
doubt but that the principal monuments of the Danes still left 
in Dublin bear the date of the eleventh century, from which 
fact we may infer that at that period they were most numerous, 



32 



DUBLIN. 



and had most complete mastery over the capital. Their taste 
seems to have been pronounced in the direction of sacred 
buildings. Christ Church Cathedral was raised in 103S, and 
tradition informs us that in 1095 St. Michanus built the church 
which became the cathedral for the whole of Dublin on the 
north side of the Lifley, just as Christ Church was the cathedral 
on the south. 

Mr. Gladstone, when in Dublin, thought 

ST. MICHAN'S CHURCH 
the most characteristic specimen of native architecture he had 
seen. It is situated at the rear of the Four Courts, and its 
magnificent square tower is a most conspicuous object above a 
neighbourhood of low-sized houses. Next to the Liberties, 
this parish is the poorest and shabbiest in the city, and the 
pilgrimage to this church, so interesting as a national as well 
as an antiquarian relic, has to be made through narrow streets 
filled with shops and tenements of a hopelessly wretched cha- 
racter : old clothes are dangling from triangular lines at the 
windows; and potatoes, soap, hair-oil, and cheap domestic requi- 




STATUE OK GRATTAN. 

sites, are the principal merchandise bartered in this poor and 
densely populated locality. And yet it is not all decrepitude and 
want, for there are one or two good iron-foundries, and droves^of 
cattle are constantly pushed through the streets to a market- 
place called by the somewhat grandiloquent name of Smithfield. 
The church, in addition to its antiquity, is otherwise most 
interesting. The vaults beneath the edifice are amongst the 
marvels of the age, possessing antiseptic qualities of such 
effectiveness that above a score of bodies interred centuries 
ago are preserved so remarkably that the form and feature of 
life arc easily distinguishable. The skin is in most cases intact; 
the teeth have not fallen from their places ; and in some 
instances ribbons, stockings, and other portions of the adorn- 
ments and coverings of the corpses still envelop the perfect 
though discoloured head and limbs, as though dust and 
worms did not exist. The prince, the peer, the patriot, 
and the poor, all lie here together ; and could the relatives 
<)( the departed themselves come to life again they could have 
no manner of difficulty in jjicking out their own kinsmen, or " 
verifying the manner in which they died. 



The wonderful effect produced is attributed to two causes : 
first, they say that the graveyard was built on the site of 
an old forest, that the soil is in fact a bog, and every visitor to 
the Royal Irish Academy can satisfy himself as to the wonder- 
ful preserving property inherent in the peat soil of Ireland ; 
secondly, it is believed that the vaults are built with Phoenician 
lime, which becomes so dry and hard that no destructive 
agent can penetrate through it. One of the vaults has been 
purchased by the Leitrim family, and here, some years ago, 
were placed with his kinsmen the remains of the late lord, 
the melancholy and tragic character of whose death sent a 
shudder through the land. The late rector, the Rev. T. Long, 
expended large sums of money in renovating and beautifying 
the edifice. A great many historical tombs are scattered 
over the ground without the building. One of these contains 
the remains of Robert Emmet; no inscription is yet written 
on the long plain slab, as it was his wish that no epitaph 
should be written over the place of his burial till Ireland 
should take her place among the nations of the earlh. The 
organ within .St. Michan's is the one on which Handel played 




STATUE OK BURKE. 

his Messiah fur the first time ; it was removed from Fishambic 
Street Theatre, the scene of the great composer's performance. 
The parish registers date back to the year 1636, and the church 
plate, which is very beautiful, to the year 1676. 

In entire consonance with the splendour and beauty of her 
churches are the magnificence and utility of Dublin's public 

MONUMENTS AND INSTITUTIONS. 

Gratitude and charity are the two most striking features of 
the Celtic character ; and this fact is nowhere more un- 
mistakably evident than in the Irish capital, where almost 
every important thoroughfare and suburb are possessed of 
public memorials to departed greatness and merit, and insti- 
tutions for the relief of the fatherless, suffering, distressed, 
fallen, or abandoned. O'Connell, Grattan, Curran, Sir John 
Gray, and numerous other champions of popular rights and 
national aspirations, are still in evidence in their magnificent 
monuments which ornament the city's noblest streets and 
public buildings, or add impressiveness and additional 



DUBF.IN. 



33 



solemnity to graveyard surroundings. Wellington, Nelson, 
and others whose bravery, iiolitical capacity, and elo<|uence 
saved the State, remedied wrongs, and won the admiration of 
the multitude, have in like manner been " jierpetuated in stone 
orbron/e." It has often been rcmarkcil — and with absolute 
truth — that there is no city in the empire richer than, and 
few as rich as, Ireland's chief city in monuments to men 
whose lives and deeds lent lustre to their age. Its great 
hospitals, like the Mater Misericordia, Steeven's, Dun's, and 
the Royal, with many others scarcely less important, show what 
ample provision exists for the application of remedial agencies 
in disease or suffering, tiie result of accident or natural decay. 
The night refuges, homes for the fallen, and those invaluable 
establishments in which the orphan is trained for the combat 
of existence, and the aged and infirm end their days in peace, 
are studded all over the city, and bear eloquent testimony to 
the active spirit of charity and benevolence which actuates the 
great mass of the inhabitants, and so effectively promotes that 
part of the city motto embraced in the words felicitas urbis. 
Religious differences are altogether discarded in maintaining 
the efficiency of these training, reforming, and charitable 
homes — which are, indeed, supported by the public of every 
creed, with that generosity and sympathy for human misfortunes 
which are generally regarded as the strongest proof of active 
and practical religion. 

The Pl-re Lachaise of Ireland, and the most famous spot 
in the capital, is 

GLASNEVIN, 

the nation's Campo Santo. Here the remains of the orators, 
statesmen, and patriots who during the past fifty years have 
won the affection of their native land, and the respect of the 
world, have found a quiet resting-jjlace. The cemetery, 
which is about two miles north from O'Connell Street, was 
established through the instrumentality of Daniel O'Connell 
and the Catholic Association. A piece of ground, only three 
and a half acres in extent, was bought at Golden Bridge for the 
interment of Catholics ; but in a short time, finding this too 
small, the .Association bought twelve acres of the present 
cemetery, and gradually extended it, till it now contains fifty- 
nine acres. On entering the enclosure by the old gateway 
numerous long avenues crossing each other in all directions, 
planted with dwarf Irish oak, cedar, and palm trees, meet the 
eye. Curran Square, so called because the remains of John 
Philpot Curran are placed here, borders on the gateway. 
Curran's monument is very beautiful, and is a facsimile, by 
Papworth, of the square sarcophagus over the Scipio family at 
Rome. Here also are the tombs of Edward Ruthven, M.P., 
and Lord Chief Justice Monahan. On the Long Walk, in 
a bare spot of ground (the grass being worn away) sixteen feet 
square, lie the bodies of Terence Bellew M'Manus, Colonel 
O'Mahony, and Sergeant M'Carthy. The vista shown by this 
walk is very beautiful -^nd Mr. Gladstone during his visit 
expressed his admiri»iwn of the scene. On one of the cross 
walks is a plain monument commemorating the fidelity and 
virtues of Ann Devlin, the faithful servant of Robert Kmmet, 
who could neither be bribed nor forced to yield up the hiding- 
place of her master. A magnificent Celtic cross, the largest in 
Ireland, marks the last resting-place of John B. Dillon, M.P. 



for Tipperary. Just opposite this the tomb of Eugene O'Curry, 
one of the compilers of the Annals of the Four Masters, is 
marked with a very handsome Celtic cross ; but how different 
have the remains of another and the chief of the compilers 
been treated by the public I The body of John O'Donovan, 
LL.D., lies in the old O'Connell Circle without a sign to show 
its last resting-place. 

Advancing to the new O'Connell Circle, on the right-hand 
side is the cenotaph to the memory of Allen, Larkin, and 
O'Brien, the " Manchester Martyrs." Before entering O'Con- 
nell's crypt, underneath the Round Tower erected to his 
memory, there stand three monuments, sacred to the memory 
of Monsignore V'ore, Dr.^Pratt, the great temperance advo- 
cate, and " Honest 'i'om Steele," the faithful friend and 
supporter of O'Connell. The remains of the late Sir John 
Gray, who was a Protestant, lie in the O'Connell Circle, 
and were some time ago placed beside Monsignore '^'ore's 
monument. The crypt is the great object of interest. 
O'Connell's remains were left in the old O'Connell Circle 
for twenty-five years, and were only placed where they 
now rest in 1S69. The tower has an elevation of 150 
feet. The crypt beneath it is tastefully decorated and 
coloured, and on the walls are the patriot's famous words : 
" My heart to Rome, my body to Ireland, my soul to 
Heaven." At the east of the tower is the tomb of William 
Dargan, the Irish Railway King and the promoter of the 
Dublin Exhibition of 1853. It may be mentioned that 
the Emperor of Brazil, on seeing O'Connell's sarcophagus, 
said it was fit for a monarch, and his aide-de-camp, at His 
Majesty's express wish, collected some grass and daisies from 
the mound surrounding the tower for the Emperor to keep as 
mementoes. The new mortuary chapel is a fine jjiece of 
sculpture. It is built of Dalkey granite and carved in 
Romanesque, in the style of ancient Irish architecture, the 
eaves being supported by the heads of Irish and English 
kings. The most simple tomb in the cemetery, and yet one 
which appeals keenly to the senses, is that of John Hogan, the 
sculptor. It is a plain marble slab, with only the words 
" John Hogan " upon it. Another interesting monument 
is the unassuming stone marking the grave of the great 
scholar, James Clarence Mangan, who died 21st June, 1849. 
There are five old watch-towers in the walls encircling the 
cemetery, which were erected for men to watch the graves 
during the time when body-snatching was carried on. Another 
reminiscence of this period is an old dog yard, where the 
committee kept, as late as 1852, a pack of bloodhounds 
which were let out in the grounds at night. 

Unlike the large and densely populated cities of England, 
Irish towns do not so urgently require for the use of the 
masses those open spaces which have, not inappropriately, been 
called the lungs of every populous centre. " Dear, dirty 
Dublin " is, however, well provided for in this respect, by her 
possession of the 

PH(L;NIX PARK, 

which is considered by many to be the finest and grandest of 
all enclosures of the kind in the British Islands. It lies to the 
west of Dublin, and covers the enormous space of 1,753 acres; 



:54 



DUBLIN. 



-of these i6o are occupied with the demesne surrounding the 
Viceregal Lodge. Etymologists tell us that the name of 
" Phoenix is derived from the Irish word ' Finniske,' a spring 
of clear water." This term, which may be intended as a 
figurative description of this salubrious rendezvous, in process 
of time has been comipted into Phcunix : and this name has 
been the more lastingly ensured to the park by Lord Chester- 
field, who, when Lord-Lieutenant, erected therein a Corinthian 
pillar of Pordand stone, on the abacus of which there is a 
neatly chiselled Phtenix, represented as if fluttering forth from 
the flames surrounding it. No one can penetrate so far into 
the park without perceiving the extraordinary beauties with 
which its scene is embellished. S^one of the public parks 
in London can boast of possessing a drove of deer, yet 
here on all sides short-horned antelopes, with skins of 



Wage of a Court. Not many hundred yards from the Viceregal 
residence is that of the Chief Secretary for Ireland, which is 
also surrounded by a demesne. In the Phconix Park also are 
residences and buildings for the use of the l\.angcr, the Royal 
Hibernian Military School, the Head-quarters of the Royal 
Irish Constabulary, and the Ordnance and Trigonometrical 
Survey Department of Ireland. 

The Wellington Memorial, which commemorates tlie 
victories of the most illustrious soldier Ireland has produced, 
is an obelisk of granite, so lofty as to be visible from every 
part of the city. The pet scheme of Lord Carlisle, to have a 
people's garden within the park, has long since been carried 
out, and the citizens of Dublin have shown their gratitude by 
placing a statue of his Excellency in its midst. The Zoo- 
logical Society of Ireland have also their " garden " here, and 




KINGSTOWN HARIiOUR. 



black and dun colour, are browsing on emerald grass, or 
gracefully skipping at lightning speed amidst the trees. Not 
so far distant as to appear even separated from the Park, 
sweeping upwards, till they reach almost to a blue cloud, are 
the Dublin mountains. Prom no point of the metropolis but 
ihis is the long range of Dublin mountains so imposing, and 
•in all weathers their grandeur is apparent. \\'hen (^ueen l-^liza- 
belh directed that a park should be made here, a design not 
■completed till Charles II. was on the throne, the deer and the 
mountains were the staple attra< tions ; but the work of the 
later generations has added the features for which it is now 
more famous. The Viceregal Lodge, originally the mansion 
of the Park Ranger, Mr. Clements, has since the Union been 
the summer palace of the Viceroy. It is a long, white, two- 
storeyed building, and though insignificant in status, contains 
Jipariments sufficiently numerous and capacious for the assem- 



the enclosure owned by them contains an extensive lake, 
which is an advantage that the kindred societies of London 
and Paris cannot boast. The many "corkscrew" roads, 
flanked by well-stocked plantations of pine and sycamore 
and holly, and more than one natural lake, help to render a 
drive through the less public byways of the park always 'La'. 
pleasa nt ong^ There is one portion of the park which husy'r^ 
Been cleared of trees for the purpose of holding reviews of thejilg^t^ 
V jjublin garrison. / There is another plot, also bare of foliage, 
not far distant from the review ground. It is the first object 
of interest pointed out to you by your danger-loving carman, 
famous in history as the sward whereon all the more notorious 
of the Irish duels have been fought, and is called by the name 
of "Thu irilmcn .^rrwf" ^^TU^^-t^ CUau^ 



In point of intrinsic attractiveness and natural beauty, the 
many fine and spacious 



DUBLIN. 



35 



DUliLIN SQUARES 

rival those of London. Indeed, such lovely //<7:<7X as Merrion, 
Fil/william, and Mountjoy Squares, surrounded as they are 
by the town residences of the aristocracy, may be pointed to 
as embellishments of which any city might be i)roud; but there 
is one square in Dublin larger than any of these, or of any 
square in Europe — that known as St. Stephen's Green. This 
enclosure, which occupies a whole scjuare mile, has been, 
through the munificence of Sir Arthur Guinness, who spent 
over jCSiOco upon it, thrown open to the public as a park. 
The Green was formerly the Tyburn of Dublin, several male- 
factors have been gibbeted therein. It boasts two statues, one 
of George II. on horseback, and the second of Lord Eglinton, 
Lord-Lieutenant in 1852 and again in 1S58-9. The buildings 
of the Catholic University, the Royal College of Surgeons, 
the College of Science, and the Wesleyan College, form por- 
tions of the line of fine houses on each side of the Green. 
The Guinness family, who ip many ways have done so much 
for the welfare of the city and its adornment, have a town 
residence on one side of the square. 

There is no name in connection with the city more gene- 
rally known than 

COLLEGE GREEN, 

the Place de la Concorde of Dublin, which is now unadorned by 
a single blade of grass to remind one of its old existence as a 
green. The advantages conferred upon it by the near presence 
of the Irish Parliament House and the College are in these 
days rendered still more attractive by a number of beautiful 
statues. It has been said that when his biography comes to 
be written, the fame of the Praxiteles of modern times will be 
traced in the two famous places of the world where his most 
numerous achievements in statuary are concentrated, namely, 
the Maiden of Calcutta and College Green. Burke and Gold- 
smith look down the grand avenue of Dame Street from the 
College ; and facing them, in the centre of the Green, stands 
Grattan. A few yards further on, in the direction of the 
Castle, is the equestrian figure of King William. This statue, 
•erected to commemorate the battle of the Boyne, has often 
been a source of contention between rival political parties. 
On one occasion an attempt was made to file off the King's 
head ; and on another a painter was employed to cover the 
horse with tar and whitewash the King, on which occasion, 
when his work was finished, the painter fastened his bucket to 
the head of the horse, producing a most grotesque effect when 
the citizens woke up the next morning. In 1S36, His Majesty 
was blown by gunpowder clean off his horse, and, the statue 
being of lead, much difficulty was experienced in soldering 
him together again. Happily for the peace of the metropolis, 
of late years the manifestations either of undue adulation or 
disrespect have been abandoned. 

In close proximity to Glasnevin Cemetery, and on the 
banks of the same famous stream, are the 

BOTANIC GARDENS, 

which, in their natural and artificial beauty, are perhaps the most 
perfect Eden in the neighbourhood of Dublin. There are 



over forty acres of ground, beautifully undulating, shaded with 
trees, and adorned with shrubs and flowers, laved by the limpid 
waters of the 'i"olka, and enriched with magnificent conser- 
vatories of the rarest exotics, 'i'hc demesne was once in the 
possession of Tickell, the poet, who planted several of the trees ; 
and in tlie house in the grounds he passed with .\ddison many 
coiigenial hours when the latter was secretary to the Earl of 
Sutherland, Viceroy in 17 14. At Delville, close by the house 
of Swift's friend. Dr. Delany, the unhappy but celebrated 
" Stella " resided for some time. The ground of the gardens 
was purchased in 1795 for its present purpose by the Royal 
Dublin Society, with a grant from Parliament. Subsequent 
grants were likewise obtained for the support of the gardens, 
which in October, 1877, became a branch of the Science and 
Art Museum, under Government control. The I'otanic 
Gardens have five divisions — i, the conservatory department, 
for exotics ; 2, hardy herbaceous plants, including the com- 
partments for the British and Irish species, the medicinal 
species, and the general collection ; 3, the tree and shrub 
division ; 4, culinary and agricultural plants ; and 5, the 
pleasure-grounds. The splendid range of conservatories cost 
upwards of ^^^5,000. 

The gardens are remarkable for fine collections of Cape 
heaths (Erica), orchids, tree-ferns, and insectivorous plants, 
including a unique collection of sarracenias, droceras, and 
nepenthes, and a plant of Derlinglonidi ialifornica that has a 
European reputation. Amongst orchids, the culture of the 
" Flower of the Gods " {Diia grandiflora) is here a complete 
success. The tree-fern collection contains good specimens of 
the following scarce plants: — AlsophilaMoorii,Dicksonia fibrosa, 
Dicksonia Youngii, Cyathea dcalbata, Cyathea Smilhii, Cyathea 
Burkei, etc. 

There are also in the gardens some very fine palms, such 
as date palm, cocoa-nut palm, fan palm, sugar palm, oil palm, 
etc. In the store, the collection of economic plants, foreign 
fruits, and medicinal plants, is thoroughly representative; the 
gardens are open from 10 a.m. till 6 p.m. on week-days; the 
conservatories from 12 noon till 5 p.m. On Sundays, both 
gardens and conservatories are open from 2 p.m. till sundown 
in winter, and 7 p.m. in summer. In the outside grounds, 
the collections of hardy herbaceous plants and alpines are 
very complete. There is also a splendid collection of plants 
representing the pine family. 

Fulfilling in one branch of nature what the Botanical 
Gardens do in another, 

THE ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS 

are a great attraction to visitors and the rising generation of 
citizens. They are very extensive, and planted and laid out 
with skill and taste. Though not very comprehensive, the 
collection of animals is one of great interest. Close to the 
entrance may be seen a whole cageful of white eagles; the 
golden species of the king of birds has often been seen in 
Kerry, but no specimen has been captured. The elephant 
" Prince " was presented to the gardens by the Duke of 
Edinburgh' on his return from India. The lions are mag- 
nificent in every respect, and the keepers have been very- 
successful in breeding these monarchs of the animal world. 
The whole establishment is directed in an efficient way : its 



36 



DUBLIX. 



chief aim, that of being a centre of instruction to the 
thousands around it, has been attained and consistently kept 
in view. 

That form of amusement and recreative instruction afforded 
by the exponents of the histrionic art has always been popular 
in the Irish capital No city in the Empire gives a more 
steady or valuable support to 

THE STAGE. 
Dublin lias since the seventeenth century been famed for 



the benefit of two hospitals. This music-hall — or theatre, as it 
afterw.irds became — had a long and remarkable career. All the 
celebrated actors, including Vandermere, who visited l^ublin 
during its existence, performed there : and masquerade balls, 
Lord Mornington's concerts, and State lotteries have taken 
place within its walls. The theatre building still stands, but is 
no longer used for the^ exhibition of dramatic art, but for the 

i sale of hardware and agricultural implements. The first 
theatre established in Dublin was, however, one in Werburgh 

I Street, opened in 1633, by John Ogilby, one of the secretaries 



.4_iL_ 




OCONNELL STKEET. 



its dramatic and musical tast;; and to this day every effort of 
Thespian genius is encouraged by its people. Edmund Kean, 
Miss O'Neil (afterwards Lady Ikerher), Richard Jones, 
William Earren senior, and a host of other dramatic stars, 
were born in Dublin. In 1742, Lifford, WofTington, and 
Garrick acted together, and the rush to see them caused an 
epidemic whitli was known as " Garrick fever." Macklin and 
Quin afterwards displayed their native talent on the Dublin 
boards. Handel played his " .Messiah " for the first time on 
the organ of Fishaiuble Street Mu:iic Hall, in .Vprii, 1741, for 



or writers who came to Ireland in the suite of Lord 'A'entworth. 
The Smock Alley Theatre, the next in order, maintained 
jiopularity for over a hundred years, and here Earl Stafford 
caused Shirley's comedy of The Royal Mos/cr to be played in 
1637. Some years later, Ogilby, having returned from service 
in the Royal Army, was appointed Master of the Revels to- 
the Viceregal Court, a post which conferred on him the 
privilege of watching over the interests of the drama. In the 
presence of the Duke of Ormond one of Coriieille's jilays, in 
which Mrs. I'hillips, " the matchless Orinda," took the leading 



DUBLIN. 



37 



part, was put upon the stage, and the dance and other tunes 
played between tlie acts were tlie coni|)osition of this versatile 
manager. 

When the news of the marriage of the Princess Mary with 
William of Orange reached Dublin, the Hiike of Ormond and 
all the nobility went in great spleiuloiir to the play ; and until 
recent years the Lord- Lieutenant lias often presided at a 
" Command Night " in the theatre, on which occasions the 
buildings used to be filled with ladies in the richest toilettes 
and officers of the garrison in uniform. In 1785, Macklin, 
who was then ninety-five years of age, played at the Smock 
Alley Theatre. On the night of his benefit the excitement 
was too much for him, and in the second act of The Man of the 
World he had to be assisted from the stage, on which he 
never again appeared. 

THE G.METY THE.XrRF, 

which is the properly of Mr. Michael Ounn, is the most im- 
portant temple of Thespis in the LifTey city. It is situated in 
South King Street, off St. Stephen's Green, has an attractive 
exterior, and internally is fitted up in the most luxurious manner. 
Every description of high-class drama, opera, and burlesque is 
presented at this house, and there is an entire change of 
programme and performers almost every week. Mr. Gunn is 
one of Dublin's most respected citizens, and he has done more 
for the adx-ancemenl of drama and music in the capital and 
Ireland generally than any man li\ing. Mis taste and judgment 
are seldom at fault, and in supplying what the public require 
in the way of musical and dramatic recreation, expense has 
always been with him a matter of secondary consideration. 
His popularity in Dublin is widespread, and confined to no 
section of the community, as is abundantly proved by the 
generous manner in which they appreciate his successful 
efforts to provide them with elevating, refined, and instructive 
amusement. On the south side of the LifTey theatre-goers are 
amply provided for by the energetic proprietor of the 

QUEEN'S THEATRE. 

This house is of ample dimensions, neat interiorly, and 
perfectly adapted for the representation of melodrama and 
burlesque. The management is of an enterprising order, and 
the bill is changed to meet the demands of habitues. The 
■Grafton Theatre, in South Ann Street, with its excellent 
entertainments, and the Star Music Hall, in Crampton Court, 
near the Castle, at which some of the most daring acrobatic 
feats are performed, cater adequately to different classes of 
citizens. It can be truthfully asserted of the Dublin theatres 
and music-halls that they are remarkably free from every 
■element of vulgarity and obscenity, and that, while amusing, 
they instruct and recreate, and thus practically demonstrate 
their utility and their right to the high jiosition they occupy in 
.the esteem of the inhabitants. 

The beauty and unsurpassed rural charms of the Dublin 

SU]!URi;S 

•have often been a theme of inspiration to the poet and local 
historian. Bray, that most delightful and fashionable watering- 



place ; Ijlackrock, scarcely less notable in this connection ; and 
that important and rapidly-developing centre, 

KIXC;SI'0\\ N ; 

all claim attention. They will doubtless in the course of 
time attain to proportions which will bring them much nearer 
the capital than they are at present. The scenery around 
Kingstown is certainly magnificent, and its other attractions 
are so manifold that no visitor to the country siiould fail to 
"do'' the town. The Dublin and Kingstown Railway was 
opened for traffic on the 17th of December, 1834, and is one of 
the most prosperous in the country. It is six miles in length, 
and was constructed at an expense of ;i{^37o,ooo, or about 
;^62,ooo per mile. The Railway Station at the Dublin end is 
in Westland Row. This terminus, which was long insufficient 
for the traflic, has now been rebuilt upon an extensive scale ; 
and in many other respects the present directors deserve the 
grateful thanks of the public for the reforms which they have 
effected to secure the comfort and convenience of passengers. 
The line was the second established in the United Kingdom, 
and the first started in Ireland. There are stations at Lans- 
downe Road, Sydney Parade, Pooterstown, Blackrock, Sea 
Point, and Salt Hill (Monkstown), with its pretty terraces and 
villas. The old harbour of Dunleary lies beneath as you run 
into Kingstown. This southern shore of Dublin Bay was the 
scene of many shipwrecks in the olden time, previous to its 
possession of a lighthouse, the Bay being traversed by sand- 
banks, denominated " The Bulls," from the roaring of the sea 
there resembling the bellowing of those animals. Kings- 
town owes its present condition, name, and, indeed, existence, 
to the visit of George IV. in 1821, since which time it has 
become a fashionable watering-place. Previously it was the 
little fishing village of Dunleary. Here there is an Asylum 
Harbour — in the words of the Tidal Harbour Commissioners, 
"one of the most splendid artificial ports in the United King- 
dom." It embraces an area of 250 acres, and has a depth of 
from fifteen to twenty -seven feet. It cost little short of one 
million of money. At the end of the east pier is a revolving 
light, visible every half-minute nine miles at sea in clear 
weather. The town has a population of about 18,000, and 
comprises several streets, of which George Street, over half a 
mile in length, is the main one. Marine Terrace, and some 
similar situations commanding the sea, are occupied by very 
handsome residences. The Town Hall, which is close to the 
railway station, was opened in 18S0. It is a large and highly 
ornamental edifice, with a lofty clock-tower. The assembly 
rooms which the Town Hall contain are well suited for balls, 
concerts, etc. .\ portion of the building is occupied by the 
Kingstown Court-house. The post-office, a handsome and 
commodious building, is close by. Tramway cars run at short 
intervals from the railway station to Dalkey, passing by Sandy- 
cove, Glaslhule, and Bullock. The walks and rides in the 
neighbourhood are picturesque and delightful, as are also the 
sea-views from the rising grounds inland. The military bands, 
which perform often in the summer evenings on the east pier, 
add greatly to the attractions of Kingstown, and draw crowds 
by the railway from Dublin. \\\ obelisk on the east pier com- 
memorates the bravery of Captain Boyd, R.N., of H.>rS. Ajax, 



38 



DUBLIN. 



who lost his life in attempting to rescue sailors from a wreck 
on the 9th of February, 1861. The trains start every half- 
hour daily, stopping at intermediate stations ; through trains 
start at a quarter before every hour ; and the City of Dublin 
Steam Packet Company's mail-boats make trips twice daily 
between Kingstown and Holyhead. 

As long ago as the fourteenth centurj- 

DALKEV 

was famous as a port, and noted for the safe anchorage it 
afforded shipping. Down to the end of last century it was 



the daily routine of existence to be anything but lethargic or 
humdrum. The country around abounds in scenery of the 
most charming description, and features of antiquarian interest 
exist on every side, the ruined fortifications and Dalkey Island, 
with its old church, Druidic altar, and Martello tower, being 
particularly noteworthy. 

Though a distance of about twelve miles separates it from 
the metropolis, 



tht 



BRAY, 

' Irish Brighton," is generally regarded as a suburb of 




CUSTOM HOUSE. 



much more important than Kingstown; but since that time the 
progress of the latter has been of such a nature as to com- 
pletely eclipse its former successful rival. During ihe sixteenth 
and seventeenth < cnturies most of the imports and exports of 
Dublin were received and despatched by way ot Dalkey, the 
merchants of the capital thus avoiding the risks of sending 
their goods by ihc Liffey, whose navigation in those days was 
attended with considerable danger. The town is largely 
frequented by tourists, and is, indeed, one of the brightest 
and most attractive watering-))laces on the east coast. The 
population now numbers about 3,500, and there is an amount 
of briskness and animation about the business operations of 
the town which render it somewhat like Kingstown, and cause 



Dublin. This delightful watering-place has, within the last 

twenty years, become a town of considerable imjiortance, and 

has a population of close on 7,000. Tlie name is derived 

from the word Bri, signifying a hill. lis streets and public 

buildings are admirably arranged, and present an attractive 

and imposing appearance. The Esplanade runs for a mile 

along the beach away to Bray Head, and is a magnificent 

\ promenade ; while Novara and High Street are quite equal to 

anything in street architecture outside Dulilin or Belfast. The 

Roman Catholic church, Christ Cliur.h, the Presbyterian 

j Meeting-house, the Old Church, the liiliL-rnian I'.ank, and the 

I Court-house, are sjilendid buildjngs, jierfect in every detail of 

construction, commodiousness, and external embellishments. 



DUBLIN. 



39 



The surrounding scenery is unsurpassed for magnificence and 
diversity, and, it may be added, is remarkably easy of access. 
The growth and development of Bray have been very rapiil : 
and this fact is due as much to the prompt and energetic 
manner in which the local authorities and business men have 
combined to meet modern popular requirements, as to the 
unrivalled natural advantages of which it is, as a seaside 
resort, possessed. 

The trade of Dublin has until recent years been greatly 
handicapped by a variety of causes, some local, others govern- 
mental, the great majority owing to the economic and deplor- 
able political circumstances of the nation. This fact more 
than any other has prevented the natural development of the 
capital's commerce, and to a certain extent accounts for the 
fewness and comparative insignificance of the city's commercial 
temples. A building which in this connection merits prominent 
notice, as well on account of its local importance as for its 
being the most extensive, attractive, and classical of its kind 
in the British F;mpire, is 

THE CUSTOM HOUSE, 

which stands on the north side of the Liftey, its front facing the 
river. The best view of it is obtained from the south side, whence 
its magnificent elevation may be seen to great advantage. Un- 
fortunately, the commerce of the port of Dublin is wholly inade- 
quate to require the utilisation of so extensive a building. For 
many years the greater portion of the space within the walls 
was unused, and for some time past Government has been 
appropriating the unoccupied oftices to departments for which 
they were not originally designed. Besides the offices of 
Excise and Customs, we have here a heterogeneous gathering, 
comprising amongst others the Poor Law Commissioners, the 
Board of Works, Stamps, Quit-Rents, and, lastly, the Com- 
missariat and the District Army Pay Office. The whole 
building is insulated, exhibiting four decorated fronts to view, 
answering almost directly to the four cardinal points of the 
compass ; the form is an oblong quadrangle, 375 feet long by 
205 feet deep. Within are two courts, east and west, divided 
from each other by the centre pile, which, 131 feet broad, 
extends the whole depth from north to south. The whole is 
decorated with columns and ornaments of the Doric order, 
with some innovations. The principal front, which faces the 
river, is of Portland stone, and presents a magnificent portico, 
surmounted by an entablature, the frieze of which is orna- 
mented with "o.\-heads entire." On the attic storey, over the 
four pillars of the portico, are well-executed statues of Nep- 
tune, Plenty, Industry, and Mercury. On the tympanum is 
an alto-relievo representing the friendly union of Britannia 
and Ireland, who are exhibited cordially embracing each other, 
while Neptune, on the right, is driving away in despair. A 
beautiful arcade runs along the lower storey of this front, 
which is ornamented above by a balustrade and cornice. 
From the centre of the pile rises a cupola, said to be built on 
exactly the same plan as that of Greenwich Hospital : a 
dome, twenty-six feet in diameter, crowned by a statue of 
Hope resting on her anchor, surmounts the whole, at a 
distance of 113 feet. The northern front has also a portico 
of four columns in the centre, but no pediment. Statues repre- 



senting Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, are placed over 
each column. This front has neither the arcades nor recessed 
columns which add so much to the eflTect of the southern side. 
From the main entrance the passage leads to an octagonal 
vestibule immediately under the cupola, from which, by a very 
elegant staircase, we gain access to the Long Room, a trul)- 
noble apartment, seventy feet square, decorated down eacS 
side by a range of composite columns supporting an arched 
ceiling, through which the light is admitted by two large 
circular lanterns, richly ornamented with devices in stucco. 
On the whole, the Custom House may be considered the 
most highly decorated of all the city's public buildings. 
The cost of its erection and fitting up has been estimated at 
half a million. 

The various markets throughout the city for the sale of the 
different agricultural i)roducts of the country, live stock, im- 
ported provisions, and foreign goods of all sorts, are of 
suitable dimensions, and in an architectural sense do no dis- 
credit to the trading community. The 

COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS 

are the great head-quarters of the merchants and brokers of the 
city, and are situated on the north side of Dame Street. This 
structure is a fine specimen of modern architecture, being both 
striking and classical, and at the same time thoroughly adapted 
to the uses to which it is devoted. It dates its origin from the 
year 179S, at which period it was found necessary, owing to 
want of accommodation, to vacate the building now utilised as- 
a Town Hall. The present pile includes a Stock E.xchange, 
offices for Lloyd's Underwriters, an .'\ssurance Office, and a 
Restaurant to provide for the wants of the inner man. All 
these departments are connected by an elegant and spacious 
hall, and the whole combines to form a structure of singular 
commodiousness and completeness. Two other commercial 
buildings which possess historical interest are the Corn 
Exchange and Conciliation Hall. The former is famous for its- 
connection with the Catholic .Association and O'Connell ; and 
in the latter the great Liberator used to harangue some of his- 
largest meetings. The 

TRADE 

of the city has within the last decade considerably increased.. 
^Vhen making his survey of the handsome docks which 
line the River Liftey, Mr. Gladstone was surprised beyond 
measure by the activity he witnessed, and declared Dublin the 
busiest capital in Her Majesty's dominions after London. 
Intercourse is maintained by the shipping of Dublin with- 
the Continent and America ; but the cross-Channel trade is 
the most important of the port industries, Great Britain, 
furnishing a most extensive market for all sorts of Irisl> 
produce, especially cattle. The Customs duties collected at 
the port of Dublin amount to over ^900,000 a year. Though 
a small city, Dublin is the seat of many thriving manulactures.. 
In ancient days the staple industry was that in woollen goods, 
including the friezes so geneniUy worn by the people : and in 
1792 as many as five thousand persons were engaged in 
working woollen looms in the " Liberties."' This trade has, 
however, decayed, and the commercial reputation of I^ublin is 
now more displayed in poplin, liner, and paper manufactures- 



40 



DUBLIN. 



The linen manufacture was originated by the unfortunate Lord 
Stafford, who, when Viceroy of Ireland, gave ^30,000 of his 
private property to establish it. He encouraged the importation 
of flax S8ed from Holland, erected looms, and placed skilled 
foreigners over them. A public grant of money was given by 
Queen Anne to build a Linen Hall, the capacious building in 
which sales, though greatly diminished, are still continued ; the 
export value from Dublin of these linen yarns and manufactures 
alone exceeds ;^io,ooo,ooo annually. 

The city is also celebrated for its porter breweries and 
.whisky distilleries. Of the latter Ireland possesses thirty, as 
against about a dozen in England ; and most of these are in 
Dublin. ScQtland is in reality the whisky country, having now in 
existence no less than one hundred and thirty distilleries. There 
is, however, a considerable quantity of " mountain dew," or 
"' potheen," with its tempting aroma of turf flavour, still pro- 
duced in the more remote districts of Ireland : from a return 
issued some years ago, it appeared tiiat one hundred and 
seventy-six persons were tried for selling untaxed spirits, as 
against one case in Scotland and eight in England. The 
inland trade in Dublin is carried on chiefly bv several railways, 
three of which have vast depots and termini at the North 
Wall. The revenue produced by railways in Ireland is largely 
augmented by there being no passenger duty. 

There are two canals, the '"Grand" and the "Royal,"' 
which, starting from north and south of tiie Liffey, encircle 
the city, and proceed thence to Mullingar and the Shannon, 
and by means of these an extensive trade in bricks, timber, 
turf, and coal is maintained. 

From the reign of James II. till 1861 the population of 
Dublin steadily increased. From 1S61 to 1871 it declined from 
254,808 to 246,326 ; since then it has been gradually 
increasing, and in 1881 was 249,602. 

Since the erection of the South Wall at the end of the last 
century, and the building of the North Wall in 1S19, under the 
old Ballast Board, the bed of the Liffey has been greatly 
deepened, and the navigation of the river has become not only 
easy but a matter of absolute saiety. Owing to this and con- 
comitant causes, the port has become the most important in 
Ireland, and the aggregate value, tonnage, and operations of 
its shipping have been steadily increasing. Indeed, the 
number of vessels registered as belonging to the port forms 
about one-sixth of the entire shipping of the country. 

In iSSi, 506 vessels were registered as belonging to the 
port, and their total carrying capacity was 59,403 tons. During 
the same period 9,353 vessels, with a tonnage of 2,535,437 tons, 
were entered at the Custom House, and 8,47 i cleared outward?, 
with a tonnage of 21,329,626. For the year 1880 the Custom 
dues collected in the port amounted to the total of ^863,034. 
A very large proportion of the trade of the port is transacted 
with the l-^nglish West Coast commercial centres, particularly 
Holyhead, Liverpool, and Bristol. The commercial interests 
of the port are studiously guarded by the Dublin Chamber of 
Commtrce, under the competent i)residency of Sir R. B. 
Martin ; whilst all riparian and dock matters are attended to by 
the Port and I )ocks Hoard. 

FLOREAT EBLANA : 
It is universally admitted that the natural and indus'rial 



resources of Ireland have never been fully developed. Indeed, 
if we except tlie efforts made to retrieve her commercial 
position during the all-too-short jieriod of legislative inde- 
pendence, there has never been any serious attempt made to 
encourage the country's manufactures or turn her immense 
mineral wealth into the markets of the world — quite the 
reverse. The result is painfully evident in the lack of enter- 
prise among the people : the absence of factories of all kinds 
(except in three or four favoured centres), the constant 
emigration of the masses, and the small aggregate of our 
shipping tonnage, directly resulting from the dearth of mining 
and manufacturing operations. And yet the success and pros- 
perity of the nation under the regime of men who understood . 
her requirements, and ministered to them with fostering care, 
show that, under altered political and economic conditions, 
and with a spirit of patriotic emulation widely diffused among 
capitalists, manufacturers, and the masses, Ireland may not 
only gain her lost prestige as a producing centre, but may even 
attain to commercial distinction among the great manufacturing 
countries of Europe. Her world-wide eminence in the few 
branches of commerce that still survive is ample en- 
couragement to those who look to the near future for 
the commercial regeneration of the country. Every one 
understands that upon this depends our greatness as a 
people. To the observant, signs are not wanting that 
the dawn of a brighter day for Irish industry and com- 
merce is breaking, and that the barriers, political and 
religious, which have often prevented united action in 
this respect in the past, are being broken down. There 
is the movement througliout the country to use only home- 
made goods, which, within certain reasonable limits, can 
have but a beneficial effect ; there is the effort made, by the 
company with which Mr. Michael Davitt's name is so closely 
allied, to revive our drooping woollen industry; and finally, the 
Irish Exhibition in London, which may be said to have been 
the first independent Irish Exhibition held outside the island. 
In all these endeavours to awaken general interest in Irish 
manufactures men of every political, religious, and social class 
are united ; and the city of Dublin, as becomes the capital, is 
taking a prominent and worthy part. Close on two hundred 
of her leading merchants and manufacturers exhibited at the 
Olympia Exhibition, and the display was one that furnished 
convincing evidence of the fact that in every branch of industry 
to which Irish handicraft and genius are devoted, productions of 
the highest excellence are turned out, not for exhibition pur- 
poses only, but in the ordinary course of trade. The ultimate 
result of this increased and widespread interest in the pro- 
motion of the industries of the country must be an immense 
augmentation of the \olunie of business done with other 
nations, and particularly with l-'.ngland and Scotland. Dublin 
will naturally be the first and greatest gainer under this 
improved state of affair.«, to assist in the realisation of which 
"The Industries of Dublin" is produced. In the following 
p.iges will be found a concise and succinct account of the 
foundation, development, and importance of the leading firms 
in Dublin — lioises whose honourable commercial principles 
and united oijcrations and influenre have succeeded in main- 
taining the trading reputation and eminence of the Irish 
metropolis. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



41 



Arthnr Guinness. Son, & Co., Limited, St. James' Oate 

Brewery. l'<>r thr pa^'l tlircc luiinlrcil years Itrcwin^ has been one of the 
chief iinhisirics <>1 tl» s ctmntty, ami its nn)sl noted rciilrc during all that 
time has lx.-cn the nitlro|K)hs. The foundation of the above universally 
famed establishment marked a new era in the history of an important 
branch of Uritish commerce. 'l"his mammoth brewery is the largest con- 
cern of its kind in the woild, and produces a jjicatei cpiaiitity of lieer than 
perhaps any two other concerns of its class on the globe. It was founded 
in the )ear I7V> hy ancestors of the present chairman of the company, 
Sir Kdward C'ecd liuinness, Bart. I'or about sixty years «fter its inc ption, 
the trade, though extensive, was entirely confined to Ireland ; but about that 
lime the superiority of the porter produced began to gain popularity in 
England and Scotland, and as a resultant came a r'pid extension of the 
business sicross the Channel. From this date to iSlio the business in- 




TRADE MARK. 



Flunkett Brothers, Maltsters and Patent 

Malt Roasters. IVlIe \'ue Malt:n^'^.--Oiie of the most 
iiUercsiiiiL; of all the processes of brewing is that of malt- 
ing and preparing the various colour and flavour imlls 
useil in porter brewing. The leading house in the king- 
dom is that of riunkelt lirothers, a sketch showing Iront 
elevation of whose extensive mall-houses is here shown. 
The sketches are facsimiles taken from photographs of the 
malt-houses, and are not mere fancy sketches of problc- 
m.itical building-. The privilege of visiting their malt- 
houses and maU-roasiing establishment at Belle Vue is ac- 
corded to few, as this tirm have discovered several methods 
of treating mnlt, the secret of which is well guarded and is never divulged. 
So we are not at bhorty to give details of all that wis shown and explained 
to us in their method of making candied malt, golden brown malt, nmber 

brown malt, patent cho- 
colate malt, patent black 
malt, and patent roasted 
maize (patent granted 
Jan., iSSo). They have 
a particular method of 
misting malt so as to 
MX iis aroma ; and it 
iuis retains all its 
uour till put by the 



creased by leaps and bounds, ami that year saw a new departure in the 
adililion of the tirst orders receivcil from foreign stiles. To show the great 
development of the tr.a<le, we may stale th.at in 1887 it was thirty times as 
great as in 1837. Krom time to time it was necessary, as the trade in- 
creased, to add considerably to the alrcaily large premises, so that at present 
the immense area co%'ercl is fully forty acres. As a proof of the value of 
the business, the fact that the brt-wery was s<jld to a limited lialidily com- 
pany for six millions sterling by its owner (in 1886), .Sir E. C. Guinncs<, is 
alxiut the be^t testimony and convincing proof of the unique prominence 
of this gigantic estate. The splendid premises are .'o extensive, that to 
do them justice would take up far more lime and space than are at our 
disposal. Besides, the establishment itself and its unei|ualle<l and un- 
surp.issable productions are so universally known and fame>l, that a lengrhy 
description on ojr part is utterly unnecessary. 




an<I <lay (or several weeks at a lime. The power to supply the electric light 
it is intended to take from a gas engine, one of Ciossley*s new lype of 
siven-horse power which has just been put up. The Pale Malt Houses 
are built for the most part of limestone, and are very handsome, one of 
them with its round barley-swea'ing kiln, drying kiln, and bins, Ixring a 
perfect model. The sleeps and kiln are built from Messrs. rbnikelt 
Brothers' own designs. The screening machines are of a pirculiar p,attern, 
the invention of one of the .Messrs. flunkett. We believe ihey are not in 
use in any other malt-house in the kingdom. One of these we saw working 
will screen 24Q bushels of mall per hour, an 1 in the one operation will 
separate the line dust or malt combings, and stone, grit, or piece ; it will 
also take out any small or light grain and deliver the cleaned mall into a 
sack standing on scale ready to be weighed. When \vc say that a child, 
eight to ten years of age. would be quite strong enough to keep the 
machinery in moion, it will give an idea of the value of such a machine. 
We have seen machines 
in breweries and distil- 
leries costing thousands 
of pounds, and taking 
steam power to put in 
motion, that did not do 
the work so well. There 
are screens working 
automatically, cleaning 
and separating the bar- 



NO. I MALT roLSE, 





brewer into the mash 
tun, where it imparts 
its full ll.avour to the 
norts, and gives to the 
Miishrd porter a line 
palate-fulness which has 
mule porters brewed 
.NO, 3 MALT iiou L. W'l'' ''''s malt cele- 

brated. If proof were 
, u 1 ■ 1 needed of this, a look 

through their books would show accounts with most of the celebrated 
porter brewer es, not only of Ireland, but also of England and Scolland 
and the United Sta'cs. Indeel, the excellence of their method of pre- 
paring iTialls and the unsurpassable quality of their productions are univer- 
sally acknowledged, while it is no ex.iggeration to say that their tr.ade 
mark (the lig.re of a horse) is known and prized among brewers in every 
quarter of the world. We have .also seen, besides testimonials from 
Messrs. A. (.uiniiess, Sons, & Co., several unsolcit.J testimonials of a 
highly complimentary nature from several of the largcs'. brewers in Eng- 
Tu" 1 « I>"ticular system by which the malt is roasted by Messrs. 
1 lunkc-tt Brothers, is essentially ililTerent to that employed bv the I^ondon 
an.l other roasters. There are three engines driving the num^ rous ro.isting 
machines .at the factory at Belle Vue, and it is intended to light the works 
with electric light, as during the busy season the factory has to be run night 




Mj. 4 



ley before the steeping 
oper.ations. Also ma- 
chines specially de- 
signed for cleaning 
foreign barley ; some 
of th^se require no 
power to drive them ; 
the machine is station- 
ary, and the gravitation 
of the barley sliding 

over trays of peculiar |iiltern, cleans it from all dust, stone, grit, or light 
grains as desiretl, it being merely necessary to keep the screen supplied with 
barley at the upper hopper, and the machine will deliver the bailey perfectly 
clean into the *tecp. There are thermometers for testing and regulating 
temperature and for registering the heat at any given time in the floors and 
kilns, and an ingenious plan for heating the malt-house in frosty or very- 
cold weather. To describe all wouM take more ihan space permits. 
Messrs. Plunkett Brothers were successful in obtaining the prize gold medal 
at Brussels Exhibition for the excellence of their various malts. From 
the official list it would appear that theri were fortj- different firms of 
maltsters exhibiting at Bnis>.ls. The dusiness is an old estaulished 
ONE, BEING FOUNDED BY IIIE CrANDKATIIKK OK THE PRESENT PRO- 
prietors in 1s19, when he invented the process of roasting 
Malt. 



42 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



John Power & Son, Distillers, John's Lane Distillery.— 
Many years have rolled by, and many are the events that have transpired 
to change nearly the whole features of the commercial world since 1 791, 
when the industrial operations of this firm were commenced. The date 
of its inauguration might be said to be at a time that saw the first light 
of the renaissance of British commerce, for it was in the beginning 
of the nineteenth centur)- that the regenerated spirit of mercantile enter- 
prise opened to trade many of the most important marts of the world 
hitherto closed to our merchants. With each decade of years came new 
indications, with the steady progression of success on success, of the future 



self in the handsomely equipped counting-house, to which is attached the 
private reception offices, etc. Passing through a passage-way, on each side 
of which are offices, into the asphalte yard at rear of counting-house, and 
looking round, on all sides are seen workshops, warehouses, and stores; 
and high above our heads are raised the Kifiy chimneys of the distillery. 
The I'usy hum of business commingles with the bass sound of machinery. 
Crossing the asphalted yard, the first building, or rather the first division 
of a long row of buildings, reached is the mechanical shop, the roof and 
upper floor of which are carried on metal columns, thirty feet in height, 
cast by Messrs. Koss & Walpole, of Dublin. Entering this department,. 




eminence of Messrs. Power's firm. Time, that mellows its products, has 
been equally generous to its business in spreading its opcralions over the 
civilised world ; and the lever that forced the hand of old Time was the 
indefatigable and energetic characteristics of the (oundcis, and which were 
the noblest legacies that the present proprietors, Messrs. James & Thomas 
IV.wer, inherited. The distillery is Imt a short distance from Chiist Church 
Cathedral, which was founded in 1038 bySitricus, a Dani.sh king of Dublin. 
'I he outward a-pect of the premises is strikingly in accord with the firm's 
fame. The frontage in Thomas .Street is built of white Glencullen granite, and 
the clear style of ils architecture lends an impressive air of superiority to 
the vicinity. On entering the hall to the tight the visitor finds hini- 



we find it beautifully built with while enamelled bricks, and replete with 
every necessary for the purposes for which it is used, viz., a smithy, fitting 
and turning shop, etc. It contains, amongst other machinery, a fine lathe, by 
Messrs. G. ti<iolh & Co., of Halifax, 21 ft. long, 10;^ in. centre ; a large drill- 
ing machine, by Messrs. Craven, of Manchester ; and sever.al other valuable 
machines too numerous to mention. Ascending to the second floor, arc 
seen several high-class machines by Messrs. Robinson & Son, Rochd.ile, at 
which many expert carjienlers are busy at their trade in making, planing, 
and mortJMng the requirements that a large concern like this is ever in 
need of. We next enter the corn receiving-rooms, and on the left find a 
friction hoist of very ingenious construction and ijuick action. These rooms 



SSsSSSSSSSEmH: 



JNnUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



4J 



dried c,.„ ...... U..1;, grti;rI::I^,:::v,^7rhrc.r'"u^'eJ't 




of bfin' ,h?L.f ' "r^' ^T" ^"^ '''"f ^:'--'' "'•■" "'^ '■'■" has the reputation 

the ca e of a pc b i ' h" sces^hatr '""''""^ """"'•■■ "'"'•■'' '^ ""''" 
to sample \Ve then ;.„Lr ,1 "^ consignment received is up 

i« sample, v>e then enter the corn stores, a massive building, 232 ft. 



rlthr^.-f V , °"l"2-.',''=. J"™ ""^'""^ '^ "^^^ '■" "'« manufactnre of the 
celebrated wh,sky d.stilled by this firm. In connection with ,i-,cse stores 
are also .he requisite k.lns, which are constructed with a flooring of 
the s'tnrl'/ P'''"'^'f "'■r^- '^"'i/'-'^ >°="icd by me..ns ofshoois connectedTith 
the stores. The cleansing and separating of the com is a matter to which 



O 2 



44 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



the firm gives the most special attention. The chief means they employ for 
the careful cleansing of their corn are the ingenious machines patented 
by Messrs. Vangeldor & Apsimon, which are so constructed that, in the 
passing of the com through them, they reject not only the dust and smaller 
corn but every little stone or other foreign matter that may have become 
mixed with the grain. Some idea of the rapidity of these machines may 
be had when it is stated that the cleansing and separating power of each 
is a hundred barrels an hour. From the corn stores to the next department 
we proceeded, and were greatly interested in the beautiful horizontal engine 
used for working the mechanical shop, seen here in a compartment that is 
kept as scrupulously clean as the other divisions of the distillery. Ifeside 
the last-mentioned' room is situated the mill engine-room, containing a 
compound beam-engine of 400 horse-power, erected by Messrs. Turnbull, 
Grant, & Jack, of Glasgow, in 1S80, which is used for driving the machinery 
in the mills, into which we now proceed. Here are viewed seven pairs of 
stones, each of which are 4 ft. 10 in. in diameter, as well as the 1 oiler mills. 



same wc see two large Lancashire steel boilers, each 37 ft. long, with a 
working pressure of 80 lbs. Passing through the hopper loft over mash- 
tuns, the next place of especial interest demanding noiice is the back loft, 
wherein are nine fermenting w.ash-backs, capable of holding one brewing 
each of 36,000 gallons. Then we enter the fine still -hou'e enclosing six 
pot stills, two of which are supposed to be the l.irgest in the world. The 
stills, which are kept brightly polished, are fitted with sight-glasses, through 
which can be seen the boiling; liquor. There avc four of Morton's refri- 
gerators, which are also kept brightly polished. Mounting another stairs, 
our trouble is repaid in looking down uj^oi^ the three wrought-iron worm 
tubs containing the condensing coils of the stills. Descending, we enter 
the can-jiit, or sampling-room, and are shown the safe, which is beauti- 
fully finished, and was made on the premises from a desis;n by Mr. Angus, 
the late distiller and manager, to test and separate the distillations, which 
are then received in oak receivers beneath the floor. When finished, 
the whisky is conducted by p pes to the spirit stores and filled into 




the rollers ol which measure 3 ft. by 18 in., and have the enormous 
capacity of grinding a hundred barrrls an hour each. Kntering the brew- 
house, our reward is ample in scing the large mash-tuns, 7 ft. 6 in. <leep 
and 33 ft in diameter, and worked by another condensing steel beam- 
engine of 150 hor^e•powcr in a mom adj.accni. The engine and house 
have just been complrttd, and we fiel certain it is one of the finest in the 
kingdom. The building wa^ designed by W. 1). Caroe, Ksq., M.A., 
IxHidon. and the engine, McNaught's patent, manufactureil liy Messrs. 
Turnbull, (iiani, iV Jack, of Glasgow. Tne wails are entirely of enamelled 
brick, and the roof handsomely panelled in jiitchpine. Ascending an iron 
ttair(, we reach Ihc copper head, which is one of the most remarkable 
ilcparimcnls of ihi» concern. There are four latge coppers, each capable of 
Ixiiling alKiul 25,000 gallons, the whole being covered with a mclal lloor, 
which i» dailf l>lack -leaded and kept in the most peifect order. 'Ihc 
valves on the charging and discharging pipes, numbering twenty-live in all, 
have brass hand-wheel!, which »ie engraved, indicating their use. The 
Bliiring gear in the coppers is entirely of Muntz metal. Looking from 



casks, and stored in the private distillery warehouses, of which there are- 
eighteen on the distillery premises, and the bonded warehouses under 
the City Market and under Westland Kow Railway Station, making a 
total capacity of 1,1 13,000 cubic feet of private warehouses. The stables, 
with Musgiave's patent fillings, are very perfect, and are built of specially 
made enamelled bricks. Short as this sketch is, we cannot help atlording 
a short space to the fire brigade division ; .and fiie appliances, which are 
very complete and afi'ord every necessary precaution against lire, arc 
distril)uted over the entire concern. Kach department of the distillery 
is at night-time lit up by Wenham's jiatent gas lamps. The lnisine>s is 
carried on in most perfect order and discipline, which ensures the greatest 
punctuality an<l must perfect execution of its operations. The quality of 
the manufacture is of the purest character, and its merit receivcj the best 
accenlualion from every quarter of the globe into which it has found its 
way. '1 he number of gallons distilled annually shows the splendid average 
for -omc years past of 900,000 gallons, a fact that, in addition to the em- 
ployment they give to 300 hands, induces us to believe that in importance. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



45 



this house is second to none in its line in the United Kingdom. The trade 
controlled is of the glcatc^l nugnitudc and importance at home and abroad, 



old. di^tinguishell, and commercially historic firm. Th-ir future, krepingin 
view their splendid resources, good minag m:nt, and succ%«ful pitt, is -uxfc 




.and Messrs. Powe- Si .Son's commercial connections are of wider influence 
and greater value to-day than at any previous period in the annals of this 



Messrs. H. Moore & Co., House, Land, and Insnrance 
Agents, 8. I'pper .'^ackvillo Street. —The business of house and land 
agency is one requiring abilities of no mean order, the duties to be per- 
formed being of an onerous and often of a harassing character. The 
responsibility attaching to the letting of houses is always very great, and a 
diligent care is necessary in inquiring into the character and antecedents of 
the intending len.ints. Of late years, unhappily, the corresponding difficulty 
in the matter of the letting or leasing of land, h.rs, owing to agrarian 
depression and the disturbed state of the country generally, been largely 
enhanced ; and it is all the more necessiry that those having either houses 
or .acres to let, should be particularly careful whom they employ, the choice 
of a careless agent often involving his client in the loss of hundreds of 
pounds, which it is often perfectly impossible to recover either from tenant 
or from agent. We merely make these few preliminary observations, be- 
cause we have the plcisant duty of noticing the house and land agency 
office of Messrs. II. Moore & Co., who occupy handsome chambers at the 
above address ; and who since they have been Ijcfore the pulilic as agents 
in house and land have succeeded in earring a very hi'jh reputation. 
Messrs. Moore & Co. have on their bnoVs a large number of desirable 
'residences to be let in Dublin and the suburbs, and sufficiently varied in their 
style and character to suit the requirements of every cl.ass ; fr mi those 
requiring a small modern-built house, fitted with all the'latest improvements 
in bath-room and kitchen, and at a yeativ rent bringing them with n the 
reach of the most moderate incomes, to ih .■ more exiK'nsive houses in the 
most fashionable quartets of the town. Those engaged in the wearying 
laskofhouse-hunting, can hardly do better than pay Messrs. II. Moore & Co. 
a visit, and consult their list of available residences. A large business is 



to I e one of continued prosperity. We understand that visitors can see over 
the distillery at any time, on application at the offices in Thomas Street. 

done by this fitni in the collection of rents, a task of great difficulty and 
requiring considerable nicely in its operations, and which the business tact 
and prudence of Mr. H. Moore parlicufarly fits him for performing. The 
firm also do a good business ns insura ce agents, Mr. H. Moore being 
representative of The National Provident Institution, and The Lancashire 
and Yorkshire Accident Insurance Company. Boih of these companies 
have been veiy largely patronised in Dublin, many persons during the 
year availing themselves of the many advant.iges affjided by the companies 
in question. The l^nca.shire and Yorkshiie especially is a paiticularly 
useful institution, being founded for the purpose of insuring .against acci- 
dents. It contains among its Directors many gentlemen of high s >cial posi- 
tion, and eminent in various branches of commerce. The head offices of 
the Company arc 37, Prince's Street, .Manchester, opiwsite the entrance to 
the Town Hall, and there are other important branches at Glasgow and 
other great business centres. The National Provident Institution is one 
of very old foundation, having l>een establi-hed in 1S35 for the transaction 
of mutual assurances, and the granting of annuities and cmlowments, and 
since its commencement h.as is-ued over 49,500 policies, a"d has paid 
claims amounting in the aggregate to over ;^7,ooo,ooo steiliiig. The financial 
state of the .Vssociation as pulilished in its annual lepoit is most satis, 
factory. They are also agents for the Pha-nix l'"ire Office and the London 
and Provincial Horse, Cattle, and Carriage Insurance Compiny, Limited. 
Wc regret not being able, through want of sp.ice, to deal a; gre.itcr length 
with lie various branches of Messis. H. Moore & Co.'s eMeiisive and 
varied business. Considering the short time the firm of MiKire & Co. 
has been established, it has wonderfully succeeded in foiming a con- 
nection which promises to be second to none, in this line of business. 



46 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Messrs. Maguire & Son, House Turnishing and 
Building Ironmongery Stores, Dublin Sanitary and Ensincerlng 
Works, 10, Dawson Street, and 6, 7, 8, Frederick Street. 




In the year that wa; marked by the accession of Her Majesty the Queen 
to the throne, the corner-store was laid of the business firm of Messrs. 
Maguire & Son, a firm which has contributed much to the health and happi- 
ness of so many of the homes of our people. The show-rooms of this firm 
arc situated at 10, Dawson Street, and the sanitary and engineering works in 
Frederick Street, directly in connection. The different departments into 
which the establishment is divided are : the sanitary and engineering, house 
furnishing and builders' ironmongery, and house decorating and glazing. 
The subject of proper sanitation of dwelling-houses is one that must always 
occupy public attention. Practical specialists are more than ever needed to 
carry out such work, and to advise the authorities on the subject of special 
legislation in sanitary refor.-n. The excellent appliances manufactured by 
this firm ought to have a peculiar interest, from the fact of the successful 
way in which they have, wherever used, prevented the diseases that are 
the sure attendants of unsanitary dwellings. An eminent Leeds surgeon 
states "that one-third at least of the incidental illness of the kingdom is 
the direct result of drainage defects, and can be and ought to be pre- 
vented. " Among the numerous articles in this department calling for 
special notice are, the patent sa'ety-joint diain, which secures perfect 
joints and easy access; Maguire's patent flushing tank, for autom.itic 
cleansing of the drains ; Maguire's hydraulic and smoke-testing appliances, 
which can severely test any drain and localise defects ; Maguire's gold 
medal universal water-closet, considered the simplest and most perfect 
of the numerous appliances recently devised ; and many other sanitary 
inventions due to the genius of Mr. W. R. Maguire, to which a leading 
sanitarian has borne the high testimony that they have all fullilltd the 
special sanitary purpose for which they were designed. Mr. W. R. 
Maguire, the head of this extensive business, on whose capacity and 
practical knowledge its success depends, is himself an Associate Member 
of the Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland, a Local Sanitary Surveyor 
of the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain, Fellow of the Royal Meteoro- 
logical .Society, and Lecturer arid Demonstrator at South Kensington 
on Sanitary I'lunibing and Drainage to the City and Guilds of London 
Technical Institute, and a registered master plumber. Mr. Maguire was 
one of the most active promoters, and acted as one of the honorary 
secretaries, of the memorable Sanitary Congress and Exhibition held in 
Dublin, in 1884, under the presidency of .Sir Robert Rawlinson, K.C.IJ. 
He also helped to accomplish the opening of the Dublin Technical School 
for Artisans, of which he is honorary treasurer ; and he has conducted 
technical classes in his own factory, where eighty workmen and lads received 
instruction at his hands in the science underlying the technicalities of their 
handicrafts. Mr. .Maguire is consulted daily as a specialist on sanitary 
matters, and from his long experience he advices all who desire to secure 
a sanitary residence, first and before entering into any agreement, to have 
a thorough sanitary inspeciion, with rigid tests, of the existing drains and 
fittings, made by a f|ualilied sanitary surveyor ; then to have a detailed 
report furnished, pointing out the (lefects, item by item, specifying the 
prof>er remedies ; and for this service the surveyor to be paid, by agree- 
ment, a nio lerate fee, that his insjiection may be independent and 
complete, for such services rendered gratuitously are of little or no real 
value. In many instances sanitary work done by inexperienced con- 
tractors has had to be removed, and the work done over again at great 
loss. By Mr. .Majuire's system of sanitary reform, a householder is 
enabled to sec clearly all defects, and to decide what extent of work he 
will carry out in the direction of reform before committing hini^clf to the 
expense. The plan usually adopted is, to sign the agreement taking a 



house on the interested advice of the landlord or house agent, and then, 
in a panic, when dangerous defects beco:ne apparent through illness in 
the family, to send for the nearest contractor and leave the work in, 
perhaps, incompetent hands. Maguire & S)n have become celebrated, 
not only for their unequalled saritary reform system, but also for their 
cooking apparatus and kitchen fittings. They have heated and ventilated 
many hundred public buildings, churches, and residences, and are con- 
sulted daily as to the most approved systems to adopt, whether steam, 
high or low pressure hot water, or hot air systems. 1 hey erect laundries 
and ^tabling ; and Dr. Scott's disinfectirig cliambers, manufactured by 
them, are now adopted by Government and sent to stations abroad and 
at home. The many different styles of lavatories designed and supplied 
by this firm would be too numCNius to mention ; sufficient to say that the' 
gold medal was awarded for their noiseless and spray lavatories and baths, 
that are constructed on the most advanced sanitary principles, and made 
in every convenient shape, in white and ivory wares, in bronzed iron 
brackets, or set in pine, ash, maple, or mahogany stands ; some with' 
mirrors attached, others with marble tops and backs, each replete with' 
pitented taps, and showing in the carving of the wood or the casting of 
the metal some of the most beautiful designs. These are to be seen in' 
almost every public institution or office in the city. The [ilumbing section 
of this department contains every kind of the most improved apparatus,, 
and every article used in connection with the plumber's craft, turned out 
in a style that leaves nothing to be desired. The house furnishing and 
builders' ironmongery department contains a most valuable stock of electro- 
plated ware, cutlery, kitchen furniture, many patterns of table lamps, 
gaseliers, grates, stoves, and kitchen ranges, and every class of house 
ironmongery ; iron and brass bedsteads, and exquisitely wvirked hat and 
umbrella stands and hall tables. The work executed by the third depart- 
ment, the house decorating division, is to be seen and appreciated in all 
parts of the city and country, and proves the class of workmen employed 
are carefully chosen and well instructed in all the branches of house- 
painting, room-papering, and wall and floor tiling. In its entirety the 
establishment C(mtains a larger and more varied stock than any other firm 
of the kind in Dublin, and from the orderly arrangement of its depart- 
ments and business is an example of what a business house ought to be. 
The business connection is one of the most extensive, and the principal 
custom of the house is reckoned among the nobility and gentry, as w^ell as 
the leading mercantile houses, clubs, and hotels in the city and country, 
in addition to the support of the principal builders and contractors. For 
the sanitation work done by competent hands and in an efficient manner, 
the film has received many testimonials of approval from the highest sani- 
tary authorities, who testify to the advantages of their system over the best 
methods of other firms. It follows from the large tr.ade done that they are 
enabled to give permanent employment to over two hundred hands, sup- 
porting probably five hundred persons in an honest independence. The 
selection of the employes has always received the most careful attention, 
as none bat the most competent and trustworthy are engaged, and this care 
has been rewarded in the ability of a staff that can compete successfully with 
any of their trade in the United Kingdom. The supL'rior quality of the 
goods and work of this firm has gained for it a marked preference in the 
public favour, whilst the energy and close attention to business of the 
principal and the managers have kept pace with the advances and changes 
of ihe times. Their zeal in being foremost in introducing all real improve- 
ments, and in securing the newest designs for the inspeciion of the public, 
and the invariable courtesy and attention to all who deal with them, have 
obtained a distinguished name for their firm everywhere. The amount of 
table cutlery of high class alone sold by this firm would cause astonishment, 
as it has become well known that American and other foreign visitors can- 
purchase for cash, when passing through Dublin, ivory-hafted tible-knives 
and electro-plate forks and spoons, at twenty-five per cent, under the 
prices charged in ihe Sheffield manufieturing centre-, or in London or 
Paris. Maguire & Son's table cutlery is now known over the world ; orders 
from abroad accompanied by cash are carefully tilled and promply despatched 
daily. 

Mastersou & Co., Grocers, Wiue, Spirit, and Fro- 

Vislon Merchants. -20, Lower Dorset .Street. — This is a very well-known 
and noted house in the family grocery and provision line, and has for many 
years enjoyed considerable patronage from a large connection of supporters 
in the northern quarter of Dublin. Founded about fourteen years ago, the 
house has ra|iidly come to the front, showing signs of considerable future 
development, and is at present well abreast of all competitors. At an 
early si.age in its career the house obtained a high name lor the excellent 
quality of its groceries and provisions, and the reputation thus early and 
deservedly achieved it has been the constant aim of its man.igement to 
maintain unimpaired down to Ihe present mnment. The stock, which is 
considerable and valuable, contains a fine assortment of groceries, wines 
and sjiirils, malt liquors, and provisions. The house has long borne a 
good name for the quality of its teas. The wine supply also is varied 
and attractive, all the most favourite brands being represented, as well as 
several descriptions of lighter wines suitable for dinner purposes. The 
stock of provisions is very comprehensive, including as it does butter and 
eggs, cheese, bacon, and hams, and other items of familiar household con- 
sumption. All these conimoditie> are of the most a])proved quality ; and 
the steady support which the firm has received from the public throughout 
the whole of i s commercial career is the best proof of the public's appre- 
ciation of the effoils made to cater successfully for it. The firm occujiy a 
very high ]iosilion in the estimation of business circles. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



47 



A. & B. Thwaites & Co., Mineral Water Manufac- 

tnrors, Upprr Sackvillc Street. — I'Vuciiiusl aiiiun^sl lliu inaaufacliitin^ 
iiiiliislric^ which oriyiiiaUvl and still lloiiri^h in Iiclaiul is that of nrlilicial 
mineral waters ; anil to Dublin belongs the honmir of le.nling the van in 
llie army of thir.-.t-qiicnclicrs. Towards the enil of last century there was 
an eminent cliemisl — Mr. Aiifjiistlne Thwaites— practising in Lifley Street, 
then one of the principal business streets of the city ; his son, Mr. Augus- 
tine Thwaites, jun., who w.as studying medicine at the time, was the lirst 
to invent soda-water. This was early in 1799, and in falkiia's Journal o{ 
that period may be found the .advertisements of "Augustine Thwaites, 
Senior and Junior, Chemists, and .Makers of Soda-water." Mr. A. Thwaites, 
jun., died at an early .ige, when Mr. Thwaites, sen., took into partnership 
his nephew, Mr. Richard Thwaites, and his daughters, Mrs. Orr and .Miss 
Thwaites. The firm, thus constituted, took the name of A. & R. Thwaites 
& Co., the subject of the present article. A. & R. Thw.iilcs & Co. very 
shortly moved into Marlborough .Street, and afterwards, as their business 
kept on growing, they moved to Upper S.ickville Street, where they are 
to be found, still growing and flourishing, midway between the Post 
Office and Rotunda, types of progress and healing. The .soda-water first 
made was of two strengllis, and was called " Single " and " Double." These 
were and arc still of a medicinal character, made by a secret process, which 
has never been imparled to any one outside the lirm. These Soda-waters 
are most useful in giving tone to the stomach when strained by an over-rich 
diet. They improve the appetite, stimulate the liver, without producing 
flatulency, and .are particularly suited to persons of sedentary habits. They 
are invaluable as thirst -allayers in cases of fever. That the great usefulness 
of this invention was very early recognised is shown by the fact that it re- 
ceived the rare distinction of being prominently spoken of, in his public 
lectures in iSoo, by the late Robert Percival, M.I)., then Professor of 
Chemistry in Trinity College, Dublin. The late .Archbishop Whateley 
spoke of Soda-water as the only invention origin.iling in woman's mind ; 
however, in this he was mistaken, as the son, not daughter, of Mr. Thwaites 
was the inventor. Archbishop Whateley was not the only great writer who 
had not clear ideas as to the invention of .Soda-water, as Thackeray, in 
"V.mity Fair," writing of the time of the Battle of Waterloo, tells us, 
" Soda-water was not invented yet. Small-beer — will it be believed ! — was 
" the only drink with which unhappy gentlemen soothed the fever of their 
" previous night's potation." Happily for Ireland — that land of "punch 
and potatoes" — A. S: R. Thwaites li Co. had then come to the aid of the 
sulTerers, for the modern "Soda-water" was being made by them, accord- 
ing to letters -patent procured in l8og-io — these letters, by the way, being 
the first granted in any branch of this great industry, and A. & R. Thwaites 
& Co. still show them with their great waxen seal attached. The Patent Soda- 
water was so eminently satisfactoiy that a large number of unsuccessful 
imi.atioi^s were at once started, none standing the test of years ; their 
number, however, is constantly being added to, many of them having been 
given fancy names to attract public attention. It is most interesting to lord-; 
over A. & R. Thwaites & Co.'s books, and to notice the introduction of the 
various modern drinks, the principal ones — such as Ginger-Ale, Seltzer, Kali, 
Lemonade, etc. — being all manufactured in the first quarter of the present 
century ; among the later ones coming Champagne Cyder, Sarsaparilla, 
Tonic Water, etc. Besides aerated waters, A. & R. Thwaites & Co. make 
their justly-celebrated Syrup of Ginger, which is a most agreeable addition 
to their Patent Soda-water, particularly when used as atlinner drink, wann- 
ing the stomach, and promoting digestion. This .Syrup is very useful in 
relieving relax.ation of the throat, occasioned by long speaking. For 
cramps, or wind in the stomach, it gives instant relief. It is hard to pick 
out any of the preparations of this firm for special mention, as, where all 
are so excellent, who can decide as to the best? A. & R. Thwaites & Co. 
are very conservative as to their modes of manufacture, but, w ithal, are not 
slow to adopt genuine improvements, their machinery being of the most 
efiicient char.acter, and mostly produced in their own city. The strict care 
and attention given by the members of the firm to all the details of m.inu- 
facture results in their goods finding their way into all the leading clubs, 
hotels, and business houses in the land. On the occasion of Her Majesty's 
visit to Ireland, the leading medical men of Dublin kindly came forward 
and signed a testimonial as to the excellence of A. & K. Thwaites & Co.'s 
productions, which had the eft'ect of securing them the appointment of sole 
manufacturers of mineral waters to Her Majesty in Ireland. A. & R. Thwaites 
& Co. are laige importers of foreign mineral waters, in addition to their prin- 
cipal business, any of the leading springs being procurable at their house in 
Dublin. The past twenty years have seen vast strides in the output of this 
firm, the last ten alone showing an increa.se of over 300 per cent., while the 
four years just p.ast have doubled their business. A. & R. Thwaites iV: Co. 
have never had to resort to the ordinaiy way of selling goods from their 
vans, as every bottle sent out by them has been previously ordered. These 
facts speak loudly in praise of the energy, skill, and attention with which 
their business is conducted, and on all sides one meets with their praises. 
Long may they prosper ! is our wish. 



Kobert Stralian & Co., General House Furnishers, 
Upholsterers, and Cabinet Makers, -4 & 25, Henry Street. — The 
firm of R. Strahan & Co. is one of the oldest and most important houses in 
Dublin connected with the branch of manufacture with which it has so long 
and so notably been associated. Founded more than one hundred and 
twelve years ago, the house has, for many years past, been looked upon as 
one of the leading concerns in this line. The premises occupied are situated 
as above, and are on the most extensive scale. They probably measure 



about 250 feet from front to rear, and possess a handsome and imposing 
fronl.ige in Henry Street of about 60 feel. In the general fitting up and 
appointments of the establishment neither expense nor trouble have been 
spareil, and the result is certainly satisl'actory. The fiim are to be particu- 
larly complimenteil on the impetus they have given to tr.ide in Dublin, and 
the good example they have shown to other houses in encouraging industry 
by having nearly all their goods manufactured on their own premises, except 
in certain cases where, to meet the taste of customers, they, like other 
houses, have had to import foreign goods. We have before us an illustrated 
list of their productions, and, judging by the style of the work, wc can 
safely .say that, in this branch of home industry, its products may most 
favourably compare with those of the best houses, either in EnglamI or upon 
the Continent. The well-filled and tastefully-.appointed sli.,w.rooms of 
Messrs. Strahan & Co. are well worthy of a visit, and certainly will repay 
the trouble taken to any person interested in the matter of furniture manu- 
facture. The stock of plain and artistic furniture held by the firm is of 
great extent ami value. This stock is made up of drawing-room, and dining- 
room, and bedroom suites, and miscellaneous articles, all designcil in the 
best style, and distinguished by an admirable degree of finish. Here are 
to be found cabinets and whatnots, sofas and lounges and couche;, chairs 
and tables and easy-chairs, card-tables and secretaires, brackets and 
screens, and a whole host of pretty and attractive objects. All these 
articles of really high-class furniture are manufactured in various and 
valuable woods, such as oak, mahogany, rosewood, walnut, and satin-wood, 
many of the latter being remarkable as beautiful specimens of marqucteric- 
work. Next to the make and finish of their furniture, we would call atten- 
tion to the exquisite taste displayed in the upholstering line, the workman- 
ship and choice of material covering the various articles leaving nothing to 
be desired. In close connection with this latter branch, the firm hold a 
large, valuable, and varied stock of curtain and drapery materials, all of 
which are deserving of the utmost notice, being of the very newest and most 
charming patterns in silk damasks, velvets, reps, tapestries, and block- 
printed French and British chinties. In the inspection or contemplation 
of this varied assortinent of the most sumptuous materials, we have a regular 
feast of colour provided for us, yet so skilfully are the tints manufactured 
and blended, anil so well is one strong and powerful colour subdued and 
harmonised by another of a cooler and quieter tint, that we come away 
without any feeling of weariness to the sight, which is more than could be 
said of many a picture collection. In the general furnishing department 
there is an admirable supply of bra.ss and iron bedsteads, as well as some in 
various woods, and a very fine assortment of bedfling of a most superior 
description. In addition to their important premises in Henry Street, the 
firm are possessed of a very extensive set of buildings situated at 12, Went- 
worth Place, which are used as a f.ictory, with workshops and timber-yard, 
and wdierc nearly the whole of their valuable supply of furniture is m.anu- 
factureil. The firm also are the proprietors of the " Dublin Pantechnicon 
Furniture Stores" at Park-gate Street, which are used by the public for the 
storage of furniture during absence from town, and for which a certain rent 
is charged by the firm. 1 he business done by the house is simply enormous, 
their connection being of a most extensive, and, we should add, influential 
character, as is only to be expected of a house of such old and respectable 
establishment. Messrs. Strahan & Co. were fortunate enough to obtain 
prize medals at the Exhibitions held in London and Dublin in the years 
1S53, 1S62, and 1S64 respectively. We feel how inadequate a sketch like 
this must prove in conveying anything like a true conception of the magni- 
tude and importance of what is, w itliout gainsay, one of the principal houses 
in the trade in Ireland, but we have, at any rate, said enough, we trust, to 
rouse the interest of our readers, and cause ihem, in making their purchases, 
to give a share of their patronage to an old, honourable, and thoroughly 
reliable film. 



Mr. Prosper Lore, Hat Manufacturer, Wellington Quay.— 
Mr. Prosper Lore, of Wellington Quay, m.iy .assuredly lay claim to the 
honour of being one of the oldest as well as the leading hat manufacturers 
in Dublin. He has been established in Dublin for thirty-five years past, 
and the excellent hats he makes have sheltered nearly two generations 
of citizens alike from the torrid heat of the sun and the moisture of the rain. 
Mr. Lore's business is chiefly wholesale, and his hats are truly a national 
product inasmuch as they are worn by the nation. He employs a staft" of 
between twenty and thirty men and women. The new and costly machinerj' 
which Mr. Lore has provided obviates to a very large extent any necessity 
for hand work. He in.anufacturcs every description of hat, and one is 
be\yililcred on going through his extensive premises to note the singular 
v.iricty of head covering to which human nature is addicted. Here we can 
equip ourselves with the holid,ay-m,aking straw, the Bohemian bowler, the 
picturesque wide-awake, and the convei'aional chimney-pot. Mr. Lore is 
somewhat of an enthusiast over hat-making, and it can be seen at once 
that he is as great on hats in theory as he is an ex])ert at making them. It 
m.iy be mentioned in this connection that at the Irish Fxhibition of 18S2, 
he was awarded the first prize medal, an honour which, from the sterling 
quality of his exhibits and the long standing of his honourable house, he 
richly deserved. He w.as also awarded the first certificate at the Irish 
Artisans' Exhibition held in 1SS5. One cannot s.iy that these decisions of 
juries could in any way enhance .Mr. Lore's great reputation, but they un- 
questionably show that Mr. Lore holds a very high pbcc in the ranks of 
Irish hat manufacturers, and that that place has not been won without being 
deserved. 



48 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



The Sablin Whisky Distillery Co., Limited, Jones 
Road, Dublin. — Dublin is, and long has been, the centre of attraction for 



building, until now the premises present an appear.-ince at once striking and 
attractive, forminj in themselves a co'oisal erection symmetrically con- 




=-t=±4:=fc=a^l» 




THE NEW CO.NXKEIE BO.MDED STOKES. 



all who may be interested in distilling operations. From a vciy early 
period in the history of the country, the pro'ur-f'"i "f 'ri<h whiskv has 
been closely associated with, 
and has all along played a 
mo^t important part in, the 
commercial operations of the 
metropolis, and has brought 
Ireland under the notice of 
the world as the best and most 
productive centre in this re- 
spect. Irish whisky is a recog- 
nised beverage now on the 
t.ablcs and in the cellars of the 
highest and most powerful 
potentates of the old and the 
new world, and in spile of 
associations organised in oppo- 
sition to its interests the na- 
tioml beverage still holds its 
own. Among modern under 
takings there is probably r^ 
more popular establishment 
than that cirried on under the 
style of the Dublin Whisky 
Distillery Company, Limiud, 
and familiarly known as the 
"D.W.D." This mammoth 
concern having iis headquarters 
in Jones Road, first started its 
operations in 1873, and fEom 
the very dale of its inception, 
it has given i«.: iking proofs o, 
its producing powers, and is in 
itself a happy illustration of 
the national importance of 
distillation in the mercnnlile 
undertakings of Ireland. It 
was indeed a bold and ambi- 
tious undertaking to start a 
concern of this kind in such 
a competitive field as Dublin, 
the vcr)' seat of eminent dis- 
tillers whose reputation is not 
bounded by parallels of lati- 
tude. In face of this fact and 
ill combAting many other con- 
tingencies which might prove 
unfavourable under ordinary 
circumstances, the ' • I). \V. D. " 
has gone on flourishing, ad- 
vancing each year in popular 
estimation, and now stands 
on a basis of security com- 
manding a most prominent 
status among such in-.titutions 
in Dublin. No greater proof 
of the success of this br.ind 
need l>c rcf|uircd beyond the 
(act, that in the few years it 
has been btfore the public latgc alterations and extensions have had to be 
made in the premises to keep pace with ami to faciliLiie in every possible 
way the growing demands made upon Ihc lesources of llie firin. Jlcmded 
•tores have been erected and various other officer annexed to the original 



l-KO.NT VII'.W 



structed, wlthdueattentioatothewantsandrequirementsof a business of such 
unprecedented magnitude. Unity, strength, and combination are the three 

most potent agencies in the 

j interests of successful trading; 
these are the characteristics 
under which the government 
of the "D.W.D." discharge 
tile functions of their olfice. 
When the Company w.ascreated 
in 1871, the shareholders were 
limited toaprivilegcd few, from 
the fact that the sh.are consti- 
tuted iCs'^ each. By this 
means the operations of the 
firm were necessarily confined 
to men of high standirg in com- 
mercial circles, who combined 
together to put in woking 
order a distillery that would in 
the course of time vie in im- 
p ^rtance and reputation with 
the other giants of Dublin. 
Premises now occupying an 
area of six or seven acres are 
actively utilised in the produc- 
tion of an article that stands 
second to none in any market 
in Europe. While the diink- 
in; public arc not adverse to 
ill," circulation of capital in ihe 
interests of Irish whi-ky, and 
in contributing materially to 
the growth and development 
of Irish trade and commerce, 
theexistcncc of the "D. W. D." 
must be looked upon as a luib- 
lic benefaction. To illustrate 
this fact it maybe niemioned 
that in about twelve months 
after the corner-stone of the 
building was laid, the Company 
had simples of the:r whisky in 
the maikel, and to show liow 
keenly ihey contested other 
firms of long standing and 
es:al)ii^he(l reputations, it is 
only fair to add that a reduc- 
tion in the price of whisky was 
at once announced. Th s in 
isL'lf is piactical eviilence of 
lire enterpriseand con-cientious 
liusiness capacities of those who 
are responsible for, and who 
guided the desiinies of the 
"D.W.D." from the moment 
of its inception. Kroin its 
very stait the productions of 
this film seemed to " calch 
on " to the public, and the 
enormous cnnsumplioii of " D.W.D. '•whisky at present is the surest 
index of ils geneial excellence and supcrioiiiy. On entering the ))ic- 
rnise* from cither side, one cannot fail to be struck with the magnificence 
of the va,t pile before him, the graceful architecture, the carefully- 




INDUSTRIES OF DriU.IM. 



49 



marked outlines, and the striking solidity of ths entire builHinf;. The 
iniciijr is no less imprfssivc, a* it is highly interesting to any casual 
oliscTvcr. The general inijircssion produced liy the whole scene ii a striking 
outline of the success of the 
undertaking, an'l l>y the aid uf 
careful supervls'on and ener- 
getic management, this distil- 
lery is destined to play a not 
unimportant part in the future 
history of the whisky tia k* of 
this country. The driving nin- 
chinery is necessarily of powLi - 
ful construction, occupying nn 
engine-house atljoining a huL;c 
chimney stack. The ei)gine> 
and machinery were manufac- 
turcd and supiilicd l>y llic 
eminent ironfounders and en- 
gineers, Messrs. Victor Coates 
& Co., of the Lagan Foundry 
and I'rince's Dock Wotk^, 
Belfast, whose name is sulT;- 
cient guarantee for the excel- 
lence of their productions. Ii; 
addition to this there is a hui; 
hydraulic pump, reputed i • 
be the most powerful in Ire 
land, and supplied by Messrs. 
Pearn & Co., of Manchester, 
capable of raising 1,000 g.il 
Ions of water ]>er minute. 
The stores on the ground floor 
are fully equipped, and the 
new bonded stores just erected 
by the Company possess a 
storage capacity up 10 20,000 
casks; but although that nutu 
ber may appear enormous, 
will be easily conceived wht: 
it is made known that in tl 
very infancy of the coiiccin i:- 
pioilucing powers reached lli 
high figure of from iSo to ; 
puncheons per week, and thei 
is an average increase < n 
that quantity np to the pn- 
sent moment. Everything ili • 
modern skill and niechanicl 
improvement can command ir 
accomplish, is intro luced in 
the operations of the concern. 
To detcribe the process of dis- 
tillation in detail would be In.. 
long and beyond our reach in 
such a i>ublication as this, be- 
sides being utterly outside our 
province. It is, however, ne- 
cessary to point out that it 
requires very careful observa- 
tion as well as scientilic mani- 
pulation. It is carried out on 
the old "pot-still" principle, 
by which process, but in a very modest w.ay, the once popuKir "potheen " 
was manufactured in many a lonely corner in Ireland. It is scarcely 
necessary to speak of the re-peclive merits of the "D. \V. U." brand 
with those of other Irish distillers, but facts are stubborn arguments .ind 
cannot be gain5.iid. From the very m ment of their e.\isience in the 
ranks of metropolitan disiillers, the uncompiomising aims and conscientious 
objects of the Dublin Whisky Distillery have been to produce an article 
that would not only g.ve an impetus to the distilling operatims of the city, 
but would also elevate still liiLjher in the popular es'imation the unblemished 
repulali'in an:! remarkable s:andard of excellence alrtaily attained by 
Dublin whi'ky. That this enterprising Company have signally succeeded 
is discovered in the verdict of an unprejudiced Eritish public, who are ever 




LKNIK.AI. IHI.L, NKW WAKF.IIOLS 



alive to the value of an article, no miller in what market it i» submil'cd to 
them. For many years Dublin whi«ky has taken the lead in all the 
markets o' the world, and it is only lair to sav thi' the introduction of 

the " l>.\V. n." brand, though 
working on com|>elitivc lines, 
has not only created a revolu- 
tion in the ranks of the whisky 
trade, but has brought the pro- 
duction of the article to a de- 
gree <if |K.rfcction that was 
possibly never l)efore attained 
in Ireland. To discourage dis- 
tillation in this countr)' for ihe 
mere sake of gratifying the 
whims and caprices of an iso- 
lated and prejudiced few, would 
be nnthing short of a national 
calamity, and a lasting dis.;race 
to the commercial movements 
of ihe metropolis. It is well 
to mention, in pa.ssing, that 
the national beveragj of Ire- 
land w.-s one of the stimulants 
prescribed by the highe-t medi- 
cal authority in Europe for 
the late Emperor of Germany. 
Although the very article pre- 
scribed on this occasion did 
not come from the "D.W.D.," 
it can be asserted, without 
fear of contradiction, that its 
productions possess the very 
characteristics, the same in- 
V r^oiating influences, and the 
t nourishing proclivities of 
: Stimulant supplied on the 
o;.;asion referred 10 when this 
laaien ed and mighty potentate 
was preparing for his last. This 
is but one illustration of the 
\ a'ue of Dublin w hisky. Ano- 
tlie; ambition of this rirm has 
been to bring their brand to 
the perfectcil and much-ad- 
mired flavour of old brandy — 
1 ■'' msummation that has been 
essfullyaUained, and a fea- 
..ue that has added materially 
to the popularity of "D.W.D." 
« hisky. That this whisky also 
piisses.scs many valuable medi- 
ci.ial propel ties has been estab- 
lished beyond doubt or even 
s ispicion. The advantages 
ivcd fiom the qu.ality and 
lire of its brewing waters, 
use of native grain, and 
iiiiiiierous other features, con- 
tub ne to place the productions 
of the "D.W.D." on a basis 
as solid as they are useful and 
reliable. Having said so much 
about the character of this whisky, and the immense pipularity it has 
attained, an i. ea of the magnitinle of the business, and the e.xtent of the 
firm's operations, may be found in the fact that employment is provided 
for over too hands, while "D.W.D." whisky may be found in every 
quarter of the globe, from the polar latitudes of North Ameiica to the 
remotest inhabited islands south of the equator, while its rcpuiation at 
home, in Great Britain and Ireland, is established on a basis of the 
soundest security. The extensive ramifications of Ihe concern must there- 
fore be accepted as the most practical illustration of the stability of the 
undertaking, the undoubted energy, deteimina'.ion, and ability of the 
gener.il management, and the recognis.d superiority of the "D.W.D." 
br.^nd. 



John Rooney, Carriage Builder, 17, Lower Gardiner Street. 
— Among the principal firms eng.\ge.i in the buibling of carriages, a 
very prominent po-ition is taken by the bu iness in the proprietorship of 
Mr. John Kooney, which has now been established nearly twenty years. 
The business has steadily devcl iped and increased, its growth being in 
keejiing with the enterprise and sound judgment which have always cha- 
racterised its management. This firm manufactures a great v.-irie'y of 
catri.agesand other vehicles, which are unsurpassed for l>eauty of design and 
.style, together with excellence o.' workmanship. All the vehicles made at 
this establislinient arc entirely finished on the premises, which is a decideel 



advantage to the purchaser. In this connection it shauld be mentioned 
that the start" of operatives employed by Mr. Rooney are all skilled and 
pr.actical workmen, the result being that the w. rk is most efliciently per- 
formed. Bisides building, this firm undertakes the repair of carriaces. the 
best materials being employed, and the tarifl" of charges being most 
moderate. It is only fair to point out that Mr. Ivconey never submits to 
modern artifices in onler to bring himself and hi. bu-iness b fore the 
public His advertising is confine>l to the superiority of his goods, and the 
honourable and systematic methods which he a opts, genuineness being 
sately guaranteed by him in eveiy department of his la.tory. 



5° 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



West & Son, Diamond Merchants, Goldsniitlis, 
Jewellers, Silversmiths, £lectroplaters, and Watchmakers, by 

Special Appointmeiu to Her Must Lir.icious Majesty the <Jueen, and tlie 
Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick, iS and 19, College Green. 
Telegraphic address, Diamonds, Dublin; Telephone, $28. — This dis- 
tinguished firm was founded in the last century, originally under the 
title of Matthew West, of Skinner's Row, afterwards Clarke & West, 
of Capel Street, subsequently West & Son, of tlie same addrcSs, and 
finally of 18 and 19, College Green. The house has from its inception 
bien justly celebrated for tlie superiority of its manufactures, the name 
it bears being a guarantee of excellence in all that pertains to the 
jeweller's and silversmith's art ; in fact, the firm has always prided itself 
upon keeping none but first-class goods in stock, such as are to be obtained 
in the best London houses, and for this rcison it soon gained the con- 
fidence of the public, and quickly established a prosperous business. 

The firm occupies extensive premises, built expressly for the business in 
1S45, and the massive appearance presented bj- the solid cut granite build- 
ing, of which we give an illustration, forms a striking feature in the thorough- 
fare. The show-rooms are of considerable s'ze. the front one alone measuring 
about sixty-two feet in depth by forty-two feet wide, and are admirably 
planned and fitted up with a view to the attractive display of the choice and 
valuable stock. Within the last few years the shop has been entirely re- 
fitted, at a cost, wc understand, of some thousands of pounds, the ebonised 




and gilt woodwork, and the large sheets of plate-glass, which form the 
ijhrjw-cascs, bemg designed and modL-lk-d after the very latest style. Tile 
effect produced by the numerous mirrors, the wall-c.asLS, windows, and 
counters filled with plate and jewellery, is, particularly when the lamps are 
lit, most attractive, and we doubt if there is anything prettier of the kind 
to be seen in the kingdom. 

In each of the departments purchasers may feel confident of finding an 
ample selection to clioose from ; jewellery of evciy description, s Ivcr and 
plaleil ware, gold apd silver walclies, clocks, suitable for dining-rooms, 
drawing-rooms, and studies, all arc temptingly displayed. 

Messrs. West & Son are, liowcver, perhaps most celebrated for their 
stocks of DiA.MO.s'D Ornaments, Gkm Rings, and Antique Plate, 
which are undoubtedly the finest wc have seen in Ireland, and to these 
branches of their business they devote special attention. To a great extent 
the various items which conbtitulc the slock arc of necessity importeil, 
clocks from Paris, watches from London and Geneva, electro-|ilate from 
Sheffield, but wherever it is possible to make the goods in Dublin, such 
as diamond jewellery and s Ivcr plate (which can be as well and as cheaply 
produced here as in England), home manufacture is well represented. 

Celtic Jlwkllerv forms a s;)eci.al feature of Iheir manufactures, 
including not only copies of antiques, that hive been discovered from lime 
to time throughout the country, but also original designs of their own, 
many of which are nnde of gold found in the Co. Wickl jiv, and set with 
fine specimens of Irish pearls. It is gratifying to know that the firm has 



received from every quarter the warmest support in its successful efforts to 
produce high-class goods, and to prove to the Irish public that they can 
obtain what they require as good in quality and at as reasonable prices at 
home as abroad. 

Messrs. West & Son hold several warrants of appointment, one from 
Queen Adelaide, dated 1S30, two from Her Majesty the Queen, and others 
from various Lord Lieutenants ; besides which a Prize Medal was awarded 
to them at the Great Exhibition of 1S51. They are also jewellers by special 
appointment to the Most Illustrious Order of St. Patdck, for which 
Order they have made, several gold collars, including those recently 
supplied to their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Edinburgh and Connaught 
and Prince Albert Victor of Wales. Diamond badges and stars have, 
moreover, been manufactured for many of the Knights. 

Of course, a great number of presentations are annually purchased from 
them, besides which they alone supply the prizes eveiy ye.ir to the two 
principal tennis clubs in Ii eland, viz., the Fitzwilliam and the Howth ; 
indeed, Messrs. West have been fortunate in forming a connection which, 
both in point of magnitude and influence, may favouralily compare with that 
of any house in the trade, and which numbers within its circle of supporters 
the majority of the nobility, gentry, and merchants of the country. 

Altliough of late years keen competition, and a determination on the part 
of purchas---rs to obtain the best possible value for ready money, have shown 
Messrs. West the necessity of going wilh the times, and of reducing their 
prices all round, being content with a ra'e of profit which would never 
have paid in the old dijs of unlimited credit, yet the same rule of keeping 
nothing except what is really first-class, and calculated to reflect credit on 
the establishment, is still adhered to. 

In conclusion we may say that the firm, which is the oldest of the kind 
in Ireland, is undoubtedly an honour and credit to the city, and one that 
the inhabitants may well feel proud of ; and as long as we can point to such 
houses we may safely assert that there is but little fear of Dublin losing its 
position as a mercantile and commercial centre. Indeed, the fact that such 
establishments not only exist but flourish in our midst is a striking proof 
that the country is by no means in the desperate condition pessimists would 
have us to believe. We have only to add, wc strongly advise such of our 
readers as require anything in Messrs. West & Son's line to pay their house 
a visit and judge for themselves. 



The Patriotic Assurance Company of Ireland, Head 

Office, 9, College Green. — P'oundcd now nearly seventy years ago, this 
old-established and eminently respectable Company has, since its inception, 
been naturally looked upon as the leading Association for the insurance of 
life and property in Ireland. In its nature and composition of an 
essentially national character, quite apart from its undeniable claim as a 
most stable and boni fide concern, it was certain from the first to receive 
that cordial and hearty support from every class to which it confidently 
looked forward. It is unnecessary to say, in view of the prosperous and 
thriving character of the Company at the present date, that whatever 
glowing expectations were formed by its promoters at the beginning of its 
career have been more than fulfilled and justifie I by the success that has 
attended it during the four-and-sixty years of its successful existence. 
Established in the year 1S24 by a body of enterprising and influential Irish 
gentlemen, whoie names alone were a suflicient guarantee for the probity 
and respectability of any institution wilh which they might be connected, the 
Patriotic Assurance Company soon established for itself a name and repu- 
tation which every succeeding year has only invested with fresh lustre. In 
selecting a site for the heail -quarters of the Company in Dublin, it was 
a happy thought upon the part of its projectors to turn their attention 
to that j'art of the city which more than any other is undeniably linked 
with all that is great or glorious in the history of Ireland, ancl associated 
with the bright names and imperishable memories of men who had done 
so much for their country in the past. Almost under the shadow of the 
old Parliament House the Company has established its principal ollice, 
situated at 9, College (}reen, a commodious and well-fitted building, where 
its directors meet and the general work and business of the Company are 
transacted. The "Patriotic" was started with a distinct idea of almost 
entirely confining its business operations to Irel.md, and to this principle 
it has religiously clung for fully half a century, despite the fact, doubtless 
seen beforehand, that by doing so it w.-is deliberately placing a limit on the 
sphere of its usefulness. Nevertheless, although the business has been 
comparatively small, there is no question as to its highly remunerative 
character ; the policy-holders entitled to participate in the Company's 
profits having received the most substantial and satisfactory additions to 
their policies. In verification of this statement we may Like the following 
figures from the tabulated examples of bonus, published by the Company, 
for the five years ending 31st July, 1SS4, on policies of insurance for A 100. 
An insurer aged twenty having paid five premiums amounting in all to 
£,<) 6s. 8d., at the end of his term has a bonus added to his policy of 
£<) Is. 41I., or, if taken in cash, £z 12s. 5d., or, if applied to reduce future 
prcjniums, 2s. 6d. A policy-holder entering at thirty years of age, after 
the same period has paid;^l2 3s. 9d. in premium*, and receives as bonus 
added to policy ;f9 6s. 7d., if taken in cash, jfj 4s. 9d., or, if applied as 
before to reduce future premiums, 3s. 5d. One other instance and wc leave 
this branth of our subject. A policy-holder of forty years of age (at entry), 
having paid [,\b 5s. in premiums, receives bonus added to policy of 
^"8 3s. 6d., if taken in cash, j^i 8s. 3d., if applied as before, 4<. 4d. We 
fancy these figures speak for themselves as to the remunerative char.iclcr 
of a business which can afford to pay in this generous fashion. The 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Scifcct stability of The Patriotic Assurance Company of 
reland has long been rtCDynisetl, iho security which the hulik-rs 
of ihc Cimipany's pohcics possess lieing of the most substantial cln- 
ractcr, as will be readily admitted by all who stu<ly the printed matter 
published by the Company's authority. The fumls accruing from pre- 
miums on life policies alone is actually more than suflkient to meet 
all the liabilities, and with the capital (excludin); the I''ire I'und) repre- 
sents £2 Ss. for every pound sterlinij of liability ; a fact which was 
clearly demonstrated on 31st July, 18S4, the dale of the last valuation. 
The funds of the Patriotic are all invested in home securities of the most 
thoroughly safe and first-class nature, and h.ave succeeded in yielding for 
now many past years, an aver.ige rate of intereit of four and a hall p_-r cent. 
In the matter of rates of premium the Patriotic Assurance Company will 
bear a comparison with those of any other institution in the three kingdoms 
of the same respectable standing, they h.aving been most carefully revised, 
and, as far as was possible with safety to the business, reduced. The 
directors, in the interests of the policyholders, have relieved the policies 
from all unnecessary restrictions, and h.ave grante<l to the former most liberal 
surrender values, and, generally spe.aUing, afford every possible .advantage 
to those who are fortunate enough to be among their supporters. The build- 
ing occupied by the Company at College llreen is a substantial structure, 
measuring along its frontage about thirty feet, and with a depth of over a 
hun Ired feet. The interior is most admir.ably arranged .and tastefully fitted, 
the tout enst'ml'le being of a most attr.active description. It is m-^st perfectly 
designed from a structural point of view, every inch of space being most 
admirably economised, having on ground floor the public office, man.tgcr's 
oflice, accountant's office, and general waiting offices, basement, large set 
of fireproof safes, luncheon rooms, stationer)' stores and lavatories, with 
board rooms, waiting and private rooms for tlie directors, medical ofticers, 
etc., on the upper floors. The head oflice employs something like twenty- 
five persons as clerks, etc. , all most courteous and polite to those whose 
business brings them in cont.act with them. The directorsof the Company 
number some nine or ten gentlemen, all of consider.able influence in social 
and commercial circles, including such well-known and widely respected 
names as those of Sir Richard Alartin, Bart., D.L., Lucius G. Hutton, 
Esq., Edward Kottrell, Esq., J.l'., William J. Gcoghccan, Esq., director 
of ttie Dublin and Glasgow Steam Packet t^onipany, and many others of 
equal eminence and respectability. The head office at College Green h.as for 
years been under the able and experienced management of Jlr. Bernard H. 
O'Reilly, a gentleman well known and thoroughly respected by his fellow 
citizens for the uprightness and integrity markmg all his business relations, 
and under whose fostering care the Patriotic Assurance Company's business 
has largely thriven. The Company have a branch oftice at 49, Cornhill, 
London, E.C., which is ably directed by the experienced district manager, 
Mr. T. H. Owens, and another oflice in Glasgow, which is the branch 
office for Scotland, conducted efficiently by Mr. Robert Muir at 162, 
Buchanan Street. The consulting physician to the Company in Dublin is 
John W. Moore, Esq., M.D., etc. etc., of 40, Fitzwilliam Square, a 
gentleman of the greatest ability and most extensive practice in his 
profession, from whom all intending insurers with the Company receive the 
greatest attention and courtesy. In taking leave of the interesting subject 
of the Patriotic .\ssurance Company of Ireland, we can only reiterate 
what wc have already remarked, as to its stability, respectability, and 
generally leading position among insurance companies in Ireland, and 
express the hope, as we have the confident belief, that it may have many 
long and prosperous years of commercial usefulness before it. 



Messrs. Forrest & Sous, Iiimiteii, Silk Uercers, 
Costumiers, Manutactorers of Irish Lace, 100 cIs: loi, Grafton Street, 
Dublin. — We are so constantly being told of the so-called superiority of 
English and foreign manufactures, especially in those branches which have 
more or less relation to art, that it is quite time a little homely truth should 
be spoken on the subject. Ireland is not now, nor at any period of her 
history has she been, behindhand in those manufactures which are most 
calculated to call foith the latent artistic spirit within her ; and there are at 
least two branches of industry, perhaps more, where she not only "holds 
the field," but almost, from her excellence in their production, defies coai- 
petiiion. One of these is Irish linen, the other is Irish l.ace. Any person 
who has been fortunate enough to witness the display of Irish lace exhibited 
by Messrs. Forrest & Sons, at the Irish Exhibition in London, or the 
Glasgow Exhibition, will readily admit our superiority from the highest 
artistic standpoint in the manufacture of this beautiful faliric. Anyttiing 
to surpass the display of Irish lace by Forrest & Sons, Limited, it would 
be impossible to imagine, and the country has no need to feel ashamed of 
her manufacturing industry as long as she can ]5roduce a fabric of such un- 
equ.alled beauty as is her lace. The establishment of Forrest & Sons, 
Limited, is one of the most important and celebrated houses, as costumiers, 
silk mercers, and lace manufacturers, in Ireland, and occupies what is 
probably the handson>est premises in the leading business street of the Irish 
metropolis. Est.ablished for more than half a century, the llrm of Forrest 
& Sons in Grafton Street has long enjoyed the most distinguished patronage 
of any house in its line in Dublin, and possesses the much-coveted honour 
of being entitled to write " To Her Majesty the Queen, the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, and the Irish Court," after their name. The house is of 
very considerable dimensions, covering a very large area, and carrying on a 
most extensive trade in ladies' costumes and mantles, silks, Irish puplin, 
shawls, laces, dress materials, ribbons, hosiery, ladies' outfitting, millinery, 



and dressmaking. During the long period it has Iwen before the public it 
has receive<l the fullest possible amount of favour, and achieved the highest 
reputation for the fashionable make of its dresses and costumes and the 
general superiority of its goods. The premises arc admirably fitted, and 
divided into various departments, and in fact emiiracing nearly every branch 
of this ami kindred tr.ides. The firm had a large stand at the Irish Ex- 
hibition at " Olynipia," and another at the (ila^gow Kxhibition, the varied 
treasures of which were the theme of every tongue in both thoM; places. 




We alluded at the beginning of our article to the question of Irish lace 
manufacture, of w lich this firm are distinctly representative, and can here 
merely add to our previous remarks that the exhibit of -Messrs. Forrest 
& Sons places thera in the foremost rank of the followers of this delightful 
industry. The firm are very large employers, and have an important branch 
establishment at 34, Patrick Street, Cork. In the successful achievements 
of so important an establishment, the good city of Dabiin has every reason 
to take pride, the very existence of such a house as Forrest & Sons being 
a mojt convincing proof of her commiircial vitality. We wish the extrenuly 
limited nature of the space at our disposal did not prevent us from entering 
as fully as we shoukl wish to do into a more detaileJ consideration of one 
of the most flourishing, as it is the most representative, of the Irish great 
commercial houses ; but we trust that sliglit as our sketch is — and it does 
not profess to be .any further than a sketch — it is still sufScient to convey 
some idea of the nature, though it cannot hope to portr.ay the extent, of 
Messrs. Forrest & Sons' business. We will merely add in conclusion, 
that no house in the trade occupies a more prominent or distinguished 
position, or is more largely patronised by the Irish public, who have not 
failed to recognise its merits and attractions. Among commercial circles, 
we need not say, the house stands second to none. 



VT. Hughes, Lamp Manufacturer, 2S, Parliament Street.— 

Amung the m.anufacturers of lamps, chav'eliers, and church brass work, 
the establishment of Mr. Hughes deserves special notice. This concern 
dates its institution above thirty years back. The offices and sale-rooms 
at 28, Parliament Street, are fitted with every convenience ihat the public 
could wish, and contain a stock that is well worthy of inspection. Merc 
all kinds of candlesticks, branches, crosses, torches, Ijookstands, and 
banner-poles may be seen in various designs. Tne foundry is at Exchange 
Street, and many items of the stock are here cast and finished with the 
most detailed care. The entire process of manufactory — from the filing of 
the rough eastings down to the burnishing and lacquering— may here be 
seen in all its st.ages, and the visitor is supplied with every information and 
shown the utmost courtesy alike by manager and men. The business 
constantly employs twenty men, about half of whom are g.as-fitters, 
plumbers, and tinsmiths. The massiveness and exquisite finish of these 
goods surpass those of most of the best English houses, and may compete 
with a certainty of success with any manufactory of the kind in the 
kingdom. His brass work m.ay be seen in churches in all parts of the 
country, while his solid cast brackets and bronze table lamps grace the 
halls and dining rooms of many of our nobility and g.-ntry. A large stock 
of lamps in the newest designs, and with the latest improvements, is 
always on hand. Mr. Hughes superintends all departments, and is able 
personally to guarantee the quality and finish of every article that leaves 
liis establishment, and to this fact m.ay be ascribed the success that has all 
along waited on this old-established and highly respectable firm. 



52 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Alfred Manning, Mantles, Costumes, and Court 

Dressmaker. 102 and 103, Grafton Street.— .\niong the ninny justly 
celebrated and renowned dress.making establishments in Dublin, there is 
none which has succeetled in winning a larger share of public patronage, 
or which holds a more deservedly popular reputation than the old- 
established and highly respectable house of .Mr. .•\. Manning, in Grafton 
Street. Estab'ished si.xty years ago by the late Alderman Manning, [.P., 
the business, from its very inception, took a firm and established hold on 
the Dublin public, and won for itself among the celebrated houses in its 
own line of business a position which is now declared to be s-cond to none 
in the empire. \ The great judgment and taste displayed by Mr. Mannin" 
in the selection of suitable materials for ladies' dresses and costumes, 
coupled with the finest workmanship and the most .skilful and fashionable 
ni.ake, soon obt.nined the warmest recognition, not merely from the m ist 
influential social circles in his own country, but also abroad, where the late 
Alderman received the very highest marks of distinction. This well-known 



house is a marked and very distinctive feature in Grafton Street, in which 
handsome and fashionable thoroughfare it occupies a jironiinenl and 
attractive sitnatirm, and where its sp.acious and richly furnished show- 
rooms may, during the season, be daily seen crowded with the t'/iu and 
ieau niondt of the Irish metro[)olis. As Worth in I'aris, Mr. Manning 
occupies the position of leading costumier in Dublin, the taste displayed 
by him in his Court dresses and those for evening toilet being of the rarest 
dcscriplion. It is needless to s.iy that all that is wealthy, fashionable, and 
beautiful in Iri-h society musl have their dresses made by Mr. Manning, 
who has con.sc luently to employ what is probably the largest number of 
hands of any house in the trade in Ireland. Mr. Manning is, by special 
appointment. Court dressmaker in Ireland to Her Koyal Highness the 
Princess of Wales and other members of the Royal family, as well as to 
Ilcr Excellency the Marchioness of Londonderry and the vice-regal Court. 
When, on the <>cca.sion of her latest vi.sit to Ireland, U.K. II. The Princess 
of Wales look the first Ladies' ilegree granted by the Koyal University of 
Ireland as a Doctor of Music, the r^be worn on the occasion was sjucinlly 
designed and ma.li- for the Koyal lady by .Mr. Manning, who gaine<l muth 
ptaiic for the gr^ce and elegance of the garment. The late Alderman 




Manning received the highly prized decoration of the Legion of Honour 
(whether I lint of the Cross or Chevalier we are not quite certain), and 
probably held more prize medals and such-Iikc distinctions than all the 
other houses in Ireland put together can boast of. The establishment is 
of great extent, and is most elaborately fitted and stocked with the most 
valuable collection of dresses and materials of the most expensive, elegant, 
and sumptuous description. This stock comprises an assortment not often 
met with of silks, velvets, and s.itins, millinery, costumes, dinner and ball 
gowns, trousseaux garments, layettes, anil family mourning, seal jackets, 
furs, mantles, and ladies' underclothing, the whole stock of articles leaving 
absolutely nothing to be desired, cither in point of quality or workmanship. 
There is one speci.il point in connection with Mr. Mannii g's house, which 
we consider is specially deserving of notice and praise from a patriotic 
point of view. All the world is aware of the immense superiority of the 
Irish hand-made lace over the machine made foreign article, but all the 
world is not aware of the origin of this industry, and of the unfortunately 
languid state in which it has for some time been. This industry had 
its rise in the famine years of 1S46 and 1S47, when a number of 
charitable ladies, residing in various Irish convents, gathered round them 
the starving girls among the peasantry and taught them the art of 
making lace, a subsequent movement being set on foot for the encounage- 
nient of the industry and the purch.ising and sale of this beautiful article. 
Of late years, however, a fashion crept in, in favour of the foreign article, 
and there has been a corresponding decrease in the demand and consequently 
the manufacture of the Irish production. Mr. Manning has done all in his 
power, and with much success, to stimulate this most deserving industry, 
and by largely buying the Irish product h.as given annual employment to 
hundreds of hands. The establishment of Mr. Manning is well worthy of 
a visit, if only to inspect some of the magnificent dresses that are nearly 
always on hand for distinguished ladies of fashion. We were much struck 
with the elegance and beauty of a brocaded dress and Court train, on view, 
and which we were informed was the property ol the Duchess of Leinster, 
\vho has the reputation of being the most beautiful woman in the empire. 
Mr. Manning also numbers among his customers such leaders of fashion as 
the Countess .Spencer ; and such leaders in art as Miss Maty .\nderson, 
Mesdames Marie Roze, .Albani, and other st.age and operatic celebrities. 
We wish we could afford further space in which to do full justice to the 
merits and many attractions of this famous house, but are reluctantly com- 
pelled here to leave a very interesting subject. It is needless after the fore- 
going to say that there is no house which occupies a more distinguished 
position, or which is more widely popular among the upper ten thousand. 
In commercial circles Mr. Manning's est.iblishment bears a well-merited 
reputation as one of the best managed and most enterprisingly conducted 
in the tr.nde, and its respected proprietor is univcisally esteemed and 
lespectcd by all who know him. 



Messrs. Pigott & Co., Musical Instrument Importers 

and Music Publishers, 112, Giaflon .Street, and 11, .SulTulL .Sneet. — 
The name of I'igotl has long been familiar in the ears of the Dublin 
musical public as an old-establishid and highly respectable house connected 
with the sale and hire of pianofortes and other musical instruments, and as 
music-sellers and publishers generally. The firm of Pigott was originally 
established in Westmoreland Street, Dublin, by Mr. Samuel J. Pigott, the 
father of the present proprietor, Mr. John A. Pigott, in the year 1S34. 
These premises not being considered large enough for the increasing 
business, the present more commodious house at 112, Cirafton Street, was 
taken. The business was carried on here for nearly twenty years by Mr. 
.Samuel J. Pigott, when in the year 1S53 he died, and in his death Dublin 
sustained the loss of not only a kindly-hearted and good business man, but 
a thorough musician and a celebrated violoncellist. He was the owntr of 
the .'Vntonius Stradivarius celebrated "red" 'cello, date 1720, now in the 
]i issession of Signor Piatti, and considered to be at present worth £2,000; 
sibly the most valuable " .Strad " extant. After the death of the late 
.Mr. S. J. Pigott the business was successfully carried on by his widow, but 
ultimately the present proprietor, Mr. John A. Pigott, took over the business, 
and by steady perseverance, and the initsuance of the same fair and upright 
dealing whicli has alw.ays ehaiaclcriscii the lirni, succeeded in bringing it to its 
present high state of prosperity. In the year '75, when Mr. M. Ciunn, the 
proprietor of the Gaiety Theatre and Leinster Hall, retired from the music 
trade, Mr. Pigott was successful in acquiring his connection and purchas ng 
the greater jiortion o( his stock. More recently he purchased the stock-in- 
trade of the firm of Crutchett & .Son, 29, Grafton .Street, and it may tafely 
be said that the present position of the house over which he presides is 
second to none in the music tr.ade in Ireland to. day. Messrs Pigott & Co. 
occupy handsome premises in (Jrafton .Slieet (N*o. 112), and about six years 
ago the house, II, Suffolk -Street, was addul, and new warerooms built 
extending to and connecting with the ol I premises in Grafton .Street. 
Messrs. I'igott & Co. arc sole agents in Dublin for the celebrated Schicd- 
niayer ])ianoforlcs, also the .Sieinway, Hcchstein, Knauss, Ibach, Brooklyn 
Piano Company, and many other high-class makers. They have always in 
hand a slock of pianofortes and olher musical instruments that will compare 
with any olher supply in the country. In addition to their enormous stock, 
the firm h.as out "on hire " nearly fidecn hundred instruments, a fact ihat 
conveys some small idea of the trade they do. The Dublin Musical Society, 
of which Mr, lo-eph Kobinson is conductor, hold their meetings here, also 
the Hibernian'Catch ( lub (Mr. li. -Mullen, lion, sec), separate rooms being 
iutiiished and set oil lur Ibis purpose. 



INDUSTRIES OV DUBLIN. 



53 



Brown, Thomas, & Co., Silk Mercers, Liuendrapers, 

BabordasIiorB. and MllUnors, (>rnflnn Slrccl. -Among the gri'.it imlus- 
Iri.il c--!.it>Ii^liim-iits I't wliicli iHiljIin is very propeily proud, the linn of 
Hrowii, Thomas, i; Co., ofGr.iflon Street, cl.iims nnil receive; special atten- 
tion. Koumleil aljoiii half a century af^n, this enterprising house has lonp 
been an established Hivouritc with the pul>llc, not only of Hublln, but of 
every pnrt of the country, ami has receiveii the largest share of patronage 
probably bestowed on any house in the city. The premises, which are enor- 
mous in extent, present a very striking api'carance to the visitor to Grafton 
Street, its m.any and handsome platcgl.ass windows, stocked with articles 
of dress or millinery, proving an attractive object of interest, especially 
to members of the fair sex. The connection formed by the firm of 
l>ro«n. Thomas, S: Co., during the fifty years in which it has been promi- 
nently before the public, is one not only of the greatest magnitude, but also 
of the highest influence, being drawn from the most aristocratic and wealthy 
circles in society. The spacious shops, ware-rooms, and show-rooms of the 
establishment may, all through the year, be seen constantly fi)led with a 
throng of fashionable customers, buying or inspecting the varied treasures 
collected from all the principal Continental markets, and displayed 
for their approval by the enterprising proprietors. The premise%, on 
whose interior fittings and arrangements no less t.istc and judgment has 
been displayed than on 



or two distinct and obvious advantages. It, in the first place, provides work 
for the Irish needlewomen and cutlers, of whom a staff i,uinl>ering, during 
the busy season, as many as 250 is employed by the house, while it offers a 
distinct advania'je to the purchaser, in enibling her to purchase an article 
of practically Parisian design without any patriotic compunction being Kx\ie- 
rience<l that, by so iloing, an injury is t)eing inl1icte<l on Irish trade j and 
again, the very work t>f examining, as must necessarily l-c ilone, the prin- 
(iple on which the work is executed before proceeding to copy it, is in itself 
a lesson of taste to the Iii.sh copyist, since "' to admire f,n frimifle is the 
best way to learn how to imitate without loss of originality." Altogether 
the p'an has worked admirably, and received the most flattering signs of 
approval from among all classes of the Ikhu iiioiiJi. The American, 
AtsTRAI.IAN, and Ge.nekai. CoI.O.MAI. trade done by the distinguishcil 
establishment of Me-srs. Hrown, Thomas, i: Co. convincingly testifies 
to the commercial supremacy and prominent .status of this hrm. The 
splendid reputation gained at home for the goods supplied to the public has 
been rivalled in the popularity of the articles exported to India, in which 
their name and fame are as well known, perhaps, as ir. any part of the 
United Kingdom. In Ausfalia, for many years past, the superiority of 
their goods has enjoyed the favour of a ilunlllc that cannot be clainu-<i by 
any o;her establishment in the Irish metropoli>. In a like mniiiu-r the most 



their outwanl adornment, 
contain an admirable and 
varied stock tf articles 
usually to be procured nt 
first-class houses of this 
description, and which, in 
their excellence of work- 
manship.ind the .superioriiy 
or the materials, cannot be 
.surpassed by any*housc in 
the trade. This stock com- 
prises an admirable and 
choice collection of Irish 
linens, poplin silks, lace, 
and hosiery ; an admirable 
and commendable feature 
in the lirms m.inagement 
of its business being the dis- 
tinct encouragement they 
give to all articles of nalive 
manufacture which may 
favourably compare with, 
or, as is often the case, 
surpass, the foreign pro- 
duct. A large as>ortment 
of mantles and costumes 
arc always kept in stock, 
and the style and make ol 
these latter articles are in 
no respect inferior to the 
productions of the most 
celebrated Court dress- 
makers or milliners in the 
City. There isone method 
of conducrirg a special 
branch of their trade— the 
foreign costumedcpartment 
— which strikes us as being 
particularly ingenious, and 
is deserving of more than 
a passing note. All the 
world — at least, the world 
of fashion — is aware of the 
reputed skill of Parisian milliners, and ilic undoubtedly exquisite tisle 
which ilislinguishcs the articles of their workmanship— a taste which, 
rightly or wrongly, it is assumed some insular deficiency on our part 
prevents us from rivalling. At any rate, ther-- h.-is Vjcen, as long as we 
at ;?.ast can remember, a decided "rage" on the part of "our cousins, 
and our sisters, and our aunts" for Parisian-made bonnets or dresses ; and 
we cjnnot but admit that our fair re'ations present an undeniably charming 
appearance when attired in one of .Madame Celeste's artistic hats or 
biinnets, or in a costume from the master-hand of Worth. As long as this 
hankering after foreign taste exists, it is obviously iinimssible to satisfy the 
fail pirchascrs with objects of purely Irish manufacture, and hence a most 
important branch of the dressmaking trade is carried over to the profit of 
our Continental neighbours. To meet this difficuliy, the firm of Brown, 
Thomas, & Co. put their wise heads toge her and concocted a scheme 
which, .as we have remarked, does the highest ere lit to their inventive 
ginius. The firm, like all large houses, liave buyers con^tanlly in the 
Parisian .and German markets, whose business it is to jnirchise for their 
house the very latest novelties, styles, and fashions. Instead cf selling 
tho*e dresses, Messrs. Brown, Thomas, & Co. hand them over to an expe- 
rienced staff of workwomen, who copy the style, cut, etc., to the letter, 
using, however, Irish manufactured materials where possible, and producing 
an article of dress fully equal to its Parisian model in style and make. This 
step, which practically takes the wind out of the sails of the foreigner, has one 




iiillufiui.il citizens of every town in the United .States, from New Vurk to 
San Francisco, recognise as unsurpassed the excellent goods of ihis firm's 
exported to the Great Republic of the West. The many foreign lands in 
which they have placed their w.ares are too numerous to mention, but on 
the extent covered by their commercial conquests, as on the ilominions of 
the Brrtish empire, the "sun never sets." Taking all for all, the house of 
Brown, Thomas. & Co. is perhaps one of the best, if not, imleed, the best, 
of the most distinctly representative houses in Ireland ; and so eminently 
is the fact established that scarcely any foreigner visiting the Irish metro- 
polis who wishes to bring away some memento of his visit— generally a 
specimen of Irish work at its best — thinks of leaving the city without paying 
the celebrated and old-established house in Grafton Street a visit. We wish 
we were not, owing to the limited sp:ice at our disposal inseparable from a 
work of this description, prevented from pursuing our review .at greater 
length of this noted firm; but we trust »e have, at any rate, managed to 
convey some impression of the house to our reader's mind. Our sketch, 
although broadly treated, and necessarily omitting much detail we would 
fain have touched upon, may still be true enough to contain, within the 
scope of its rough outlrnes, some degree of porlriyal of one of the most re- 
markable and successful of modern commercial achievements — at least, wc 
hope so. We w ill merely ad,l, in conclusion, that the firm have won golden 
ojiinions for the manner in which the house h.as been conducted, and for 
the high principles of honourable in'<^rity distinguishing its iranagement. 



54 

Messrs. Jno. C. Partes & Sons, Hardware, Iron, Steel, 
Copper. Z nc. Lead, and Tin Merobants, no lo 114, Coomb;.— 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



with the fine variety of general hardware and builders' ironmongery, an! 
agricultural and garden tools. Department D is allotted to the care an 1 




P^t-^Ai'?AN'fl P^ 




In reviewing the wide field of commercial interests that have built 

prosperity of the 

Irish metropolis, we 

meet with no more 

representative es- 
tablishment in its 

important line of 

business than that 

which bears the 

name and reputa- 
tion of Messrs. J. 

C. Parkes & Sons. 

This preeminently 

distinguished firm 

commenced their trade operations over 

half a century ago, and through faultless 

management and exceptional value at- 
tained a poit of distinctic5n not equalled in 

our city in their particular branch of industry. 

The premises are located in a district that 

has furnished many an interesting chaplei 

to the annals of Dublin, and are in commo- 

diousness and convenience adequate to the 
requirements of the extensive business 
transacted. Well and nobly have they 
maintained the good name of the capital 
as a firm in which good worth and mode- 
rate prices are the special features. The 
spacious establishment is divided into divi- 
sions, in each of which is displayed a show 
that alone would do credit to its respec- 
tive department of manufactures. To 
notice each would be impossible in the 
small .'.pace at our di-^posal, but we cannot 
refrain from mentioning a few specialities 
that attracted our attention. In the first 
department, which is classed as " A," we 
were particularly struck with the compre- 
hensive slock 01^ iron, steel, tin, and melal ^^ 
goods, as well as fire-clay g'lods. Passing ^^4 
on to department 15, we see an equally ^J 
S|ilcndid assortment of grates, ranges, 
stoves, gas-fittings, indiarubber goo<ls, 
tubings of all s<jrts, and brass, copper, 
anl lead articles, besides many others t(jo 
numerous to mention. From dc|>.Trimcnt 
U to department C is the next departure, and here we are well 



sale of tools, American metal and wooden ware, and fishing tackle. The 

, _^ next division we ap- 
V ^, ^Vj'^' ^^ proach is that in 

\Nhich the splendid 
show of cutlery is 
to be seen. Amongst 
the many articles in 
this department that 
demand notice are 
the electro - plated, 
nickel silver and 
Britannia goods, 
brushes, combs, 
spoons, and a 
numerous display of fancy ironmongery and 
cutlery articles. In a like manner a valu- 
able .and important stuck is kept in the 
next branch, which is classified as dep.art- 
mcnt F. Here our praise is gladly and 
willingly accorded to the really excellent 
galvanised tin and japanned goods, Faddlery 
requisites, ropes ami twines, in addition 10 
many other such articles in infinite variety, 
but all of the most durable quality, best 
finish, and moderate prices. The last, but 
by no means least of the departments is 
that entitled " G," and creditably recog- 
nised to contain unexcelled botile-tops, 
coffin - mountings, and medals. In its 
entirety we have no hesitation in a'^sirt- 
ing that the stock will be found the most 
complete and varied in the trade. In it 
will be seen every tool the tradesman uses, 
every machine the householder retiiiiics, 
and every implement the farmer needs for 
the proper cultivation of his land. The 
mineral resources, with one exception — of 
coal — of the United Kingdom are, in ihe 
beautiful designs into which they arc made, 
to be appreciated thoroughly when seen 
in such an establishment as this. As the 
largest importers of American, Pelgip.n, 
Krcnch, Ccrnian, and Italian hardware, 
they undoubtedly take the sway ; they are 
as a result the chief house in this line, 
and when it is known that the quality of 
pleased | goods imported is made to be imperatively the best, it will be acknowledged 




INDUSTRIES OK DUULIN. 



55 



that the popularity attained has been a most dcicrvcH one. The com- 
mamling position of the house lirings to it numerous foreign orders, which 
are largely aupmenteil with the immense orders received from the travellers 
of the estal>lcsliinent, who are on "the road" the whole year round. 
In the management and trans.iclion of the business, courtesy and civility 
have rivalled the other good principles for especial mention. To meet the 
full convenience of the numerous ciinitilc, the est.iblishment goes so far as 
to procure any articles of their business not kept in stock. This saves an 
enormous amount of trouble and expense. This feature of the business is 
gratefully appreciated by all who have learned from experience to patronise 
the best concern of its kind. The exercise of jvnigment, ability, and 
enterprise characterises Messrs. Parkes & Sons' mammoth est.ablishment, 
which st.inds unrivalled amongst houses of a simdar kind in the Irish 
metropolis, and has few equals anywhere in the United Kingdom. 



James Muldoon, Frinting Material Mannfactnrer, 59i 

Great Strand Street. — One of the most widely and favourably known 
houses in connection with the production of materials for ])rinting, is that 
of Mr. James .Muldoon, which has been eslablislied five years, ami contains 
numerous specialities in this important line. The premises are situated at 
59, Great Strand Street, near Capel Street, and here are manufactured 
every description of printers' materials, among which arc a number of the 
most perfect embossing machines, and also those for ruling, cutting, and 
punching ; rule sharpers, and a most exhaustive diversity of other 
apparatus for printing, ruling, stamping, pressing, and perforating purposes, 
and far too numerous to be detailed witliin the narrow limits of this sketch. 
And it is hardly necessary to st.ate that down to the most minute item Mr. 
Muldoon carries the same excellence of construction, finish, and workman- 
ship, that so eminently distinguishes his productions. This entcrjirising 
proprietor devotes particular attention to the complete furnishing and 
equipment of newspaper and jobbing offices, and his practical experience in 
all branches of the trade makes lijm a competent authority on the subject. 
The works of the firm are maintained in the best of good order, and a most 
attractive, complete, and highly interesting display of all the manufactures 
and specialities of the house is constantly on view in the various sections of 
the establishment. A large and efficient staff of mechanics and assistants 
are employed in the different departments of the works, and the entire 
buiiness is conducted with great energy, enterprise, and judgment. Mr. 
Mukloon's connections are of the most valuable and influential character, 
embracing many p.arts of Ireland, and he controls a domestic trade of large 
extent. All the tr.ansactions of the house are conducted with the strictest 
integrity, and its i roprietor is hi|,'hly respected and esteemed in tr.ide 
circles as an ujjright and honourable tradesman, whose establishment is a 
credit to his capacity and business tact, and who is by his courtesy greatly 
extending his connections. 

TSi. Eavanagh & Son, Painters, Decorators, Iron- 
mongers, etc., j8, .Main Street, I'.lackrock. — The painiing and decorating 
traiie being a most important branch in the enterprises Blackmck possesses, 
a representative house is the prominent concern conducted by Messrs. 
Kavanagh & Son. The firm was founded in the year 185S, and has con- 
tinued a prosperous career from the period of its inception up to the 
present time, when its business operations are on an extensive scale, and 
appear over a widely-spread district. The premises are extensive and 
suitably arranged for the business, and are handsomely fitted up as ware- 
house and necessary storage accommodation. The sti,cW is comprehensive 
and well-assorted in choice, rare, and f.ashionablc lesigns of room-papers, 
from foremost manufacturing firms in tr.ade ; paints, leads, oils, colours in 
vaiicty, varnishes, painters' brushes, pl.aster of Paris, Portland cements, 
window glass of every description, and British and foreign borders and 
gilt mouldings. There is also combined with the paint and colour br.anch 
that of ironmongery, and a well-assorted stock of all kinds of the house- 
furnishing class is here shown, procured direct from the most celebrated 
manufacturers in the kingdom, as well as many items of American produc- 
tion. In this line a large and rapidly extending local tr.ade is done by 
this well-known firm, notwithstanding keen competition from metropolit.an 
houses, which speaks highly of the manner in which the traile is done at 
this well-known concern. All kinds of painting in plain and decorative 
classes are executed, and in this department a considerable staff of skilled 
workmen are kept in constant employ, and an extensive trade is done. 
The firm secures contracts, both locally and from many parts, for painiing 
and decorating in commercial establishments of es-eiy kind, from banking 
and manufacturing firms, and from private parlies in every rank. All the 
work entrusted to the firm is executed in the foremost style, and bears a 
justly high reputation in every locality where the name is known. The 
proprietors are thoroughly practical gentlemen, and deservedly esteemed 
for artistic and other personal qualifications. 



John Fleming, Fleming's Hotsl Restaurant, i, South 

Great George Street. — One of the very oMcst of the notable houses of 
Dublin, in a highly important line, is that in the i)roprietorship of Mr. 
John Fleming, and known as Fleming's Hotel Kestaurant. This business 
was established fifty years ago, and has from the date of its inception 
enjoyed a ste.idy and continuous prosperity, and duly shared in the progress 
and constant development of its trade. The proprietor is also the owner 
of two other houses in the line, one in the city market, and another otV 



Capel Street. The shop now under consideration is spaciom and of fair 
dimensions, possessing a frontage of twenty-four feet, and a depth of forty- 
two feet. It presents a very neat and attractive appearance, and a 
scrupulous rcgaril is displayed for cleanliness throughout the entire estab- 
lishment. The house is well known and deservedly popular, and <loc5 
a large trade in sandwiches and other appetising eatables, prices being 
very moderate and good value given, A staif of seven assistants is employed, 
so th.at customers can always depeml upon receiving immediate ailenlion, 
and being waited upon with the utmost civility and politeness. The business 
of the house is personally conducted by its able, energetic, and enterprising 
proprietor, .and is in every respect a credit to his energy and the im|iortant 
trade of which it is so representative. The hou-:e is famed for the excellent 
quality and thoroughly reliable character of all its viands and other 
commodities, and this good name brings with it a widespread and valuable 
connection ; in fact, this respectable house may be said to control a thriving, 
flourishing, and ever-increasing trade. Liberality and fair dealing arc the 
basis upon which its affairs are conducted, which accounts in a great 
measure for its prosperity, Mr. Fleming is well known and highly 
respected and esteemed as an honourable and upright business man, of 
sound integrity, courteous and genial in manner, and has won the confidence 
of a large and ever increasing circle of patrons. 



F. Kelly & Co., Drapers and Clothiers, 34 and 35, Thomas 

Street. — Tliom.-u; Street is generally admitted to be one ol the best and 
most rapidly .advancing of the business thoroughfares of the Irish metropolis. 
In this open and frequented street, there are but few houses that are in 
receipt of such an extended and select patronage as is the draper)- and 
clothing establishment of Messrs. Kelly & Co. at 34 and 35, Thomas Street. 
These two houses are now Ixtt three years under the proprietorship of 
Messrs. Kelly & Co., but in that brief period they have attained to a success 
and popularity such as but few of even the oldest established of their rivals 
can boast of. This r.ipid advance into the favour of the cit z?ns can be 
attributed to two leading causes. F'irst comes the excellent management, 
and then the excellent goods kept in stock. The management of Mr. Kelly 
is the essence of ability, patience, energy, courtesy, and every other good 
business quality that in a man in his position could be expected, or even 
imagined. As to the quality in general, the durability and moderation in 
prices of the stocks, the widespread reputation of the concern fully an>wprs. 
No. 35 is devoted to the clothing business, and here are shown fashionably 
designed and neatly furnished men's and Ixiys' clothing in cloths, serges, 
tweeds, and other popular materials. Overcoats and dust-coats, too, are 
exhibited in much variety, and are priced at truly moderate figures. In 
No. 34 is carried on the other section of the trade, the drapery, millinery, 
mantle, and dressmaking business. This department is fudy as deserving 
as No. 35 ; but the millinery, mantle, and dressmaking portion is much 
more pleasing to the eye on account of the fuller opportunities here open 
for the exercise of the artistic and most highly educated taste of the firm, 
whose exertions have already borne such eniluring fruits. 



Edward Lee, Tea, 'Wine, and Spirit Merchant, 114. 

Middle .-Vbbey .Street. — Constant advancement, continuous enterprise, and 
hard work seem to be the commercial characteristics of Dublin, so that 
when one estalilishment is referred to as being especially prominent among 
its neighbours in this go-ahead m;tropolis, no small meed of praise and 
commendation is implied in that refermce. Such an establishment as this 
is undoubtedly the well-known house of Mr. Edward Lee, tea, wine, and 
spirit merchant, which is certainly one of the most noteworthy features in 
the vicinity. This business was founded over a century ago, though the 
present owner has been in possession only about four years, and it was 
formerly in the occupation of Mr. A. Dwyer. The premises, which are 
somewhat extensive and commodious, are well located for business, being 
situated within three minutes' walk from Nelson's Pillar and O'Connell 
Street, with the additional advantage of being a corner house. The shop 
and premises are admirably fitted up, and in every respect well adapted to 
the requirements of the business. Large and extensively varied stocks are 
kept, embracing every commodity to be found at a first-class family grocery 
establishment, fresh, and in good condition, being direct importations from 
the best sources of foreign supply, with w hich the proprietor is in constant 
communication, and for quality and general excellence they .are not to be 
surpassed by any other house similarly engaged. In the wine and spirit 
department will be found large supplies of all the best and most celebrated 
growths and vintages of wines, ports, dry and medium sherries, clarets, and 
other foreign wines, all kinds of spirits, .and especially old m.ilt whisky, 
matured in sherry casks, bottled beers, and mineral waters. These are all 
first-class gooils, of superior quality, no others being kept in stock. Six 
assistants are employed, who are polite and civil, and wait upon customers 
with the greatest courtesy and promptitude. The business is most ably 
conducteil by its energetic and enterprising proprietor, and is in every way 
a creoit to his capacity as a business man, and to the important branches of 
trade it so admirably represents. Mr. Lee has won the esteem of a wide- 
spread and valuable connection of retail trade, solely upon the merits of 
fair dealing and honourable commercial methods, and the entire business 
h.as at all times been man.aged upon principles which have in this instance 
brought about a degree of mercantile success and prosperity as remarkable 
as it is in every respect well and worthily deserved. 



56 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Browne & Nolan, Wholesale and Retail Stationers, 
Printers, and Booksellers, 24, Na-N>au blrct-t. —During ilic p.tsi hiiy 
years iho iri>Ii capital lias made great advances in ihe cuinniercial iiUeits'.s 
of the world. lis progress has been the resultant of the business character 
and aptitude of its citizens, who have ever availed themselves of the newest 
and most improved means and methods of transacting their mercantile 
affairs. The truth of this statement is practically evidenced in the support 
accorded to .Messrs. Browne 
& Nolan, the prominent sta- 
tioners, printers, and book- 
sellers, who have almost a 
monopoly of ^up))lying the 
counting-houses .and cli ef 
offices in this city with every 
kind of requisites. A 
brief sketch of this im- 
portant house must occupy 
a place of distinction in a 
review of the industrial opera- 
tions that have built up the 
Irish metropolis. Foumled 
twenty years past on a small 
scile, this house has durint; 
that period come to the fore 
rank of our leading establish- 
ments. The greatest enter- 
prise, coupled with superioi ity 
of production, have been re- 
sponsible for the attainment 
of this most desirable end. 
The premLses are situated in 
a busy thoroughfare, .and 
though of the "donjon 'style 
of architecture, are at the 
same time handsome and .at- 
tractive. The first feature ob- 
servable in the establishment, 
is the careful attention that is 
evident in the style in which 
the two large plate-glass win- 
dowsare dressed with leds;ers, 
copying books, patent files, 
etc. Entering the lofty shop, 
the visitor sees on either hand 
a well-appointed counter ilis- 
playing a good assortment of 
note-papers of every quality, pens, pencik, pencil-cases, account-books, an;I a 
miscellaneous and most valuable variety ol novel stationery article*. At the 
end of the shop is located the counting-house with its appointments of the 
best mahogany. To the light of this department is the managing partners 
sanctum, wherefrom are issued the edicts that govern the establishment. 
At the rear of the last-mentioned office is the department devoted to the 




s.ale of books. The latter is stocked with a comprehensive assortment of 
all the latest published works in every ii-ld of literature. In it particular 
attention is given to the Liturgical works, including missals and breviaiies, 
which are ever to be had most complete and authorised. Leaving the 
bookselling department, pa>sing Mr. Nolan's office and crossing to the left 
side of the shop, the vi-itor ascends a wide staircase which brings him to 
the printing and bookbinding workshops. In the former many competent 

hSnds are busy at every de- 
scription of press work, whilst 
the latter tin ns out some of the 
mcst durable and handsome 
bindings from the cheapest 
cloth to the most expensive 
vellum or moro.co. The 
limits of our space will not 
allow us to go more fully into 
the details of the manufac- 
turing deparlmcn's ; suffice to 
say, that no article leaves the 
house that will not bear a 
favourable comparison with 
the best goods in the market. 
The ret.iil connec'ions in the 
Mationeiy and bookselling 
departments include all sec- 
tions of the public, who 
]>atronise the hous- to such a 
large extent that we have no 
hc-i;ation in affirming thai 
they combine to m.ake a 
counter trade that is not 
e'ptalled in this city in their 
res|)ective lines. The whole- 
sale trade is spread over 
Ireland, England, and Scot- 
land, and the export trade 
comprises a lucrative business 
with the Colonies an 1 United 
.States. We must also men- 
tion that ihegreatermimberof 
convents, priories, and other 
religious institutions accord 
i;rcat favours in the form of 
l.irge orders, in ad<litiontothe 
majority c>f Roman Catholic 
clergymen throughout the 
three countries havin:; private accounts here. Another feature in this 
establishment is the thoroughly .system:itic manner in which every detail 
of the bu-.iness is transacted. In conclusion, we must say that the 
courte-y and ability evident in Mr. No'an's management have been the 
factors that, more than anything else, have elevated this house to the 
high status it now honours. 



Georje Price, Wholesale China, Glass, and Earthen- 
ware Merchant, n, Moore .Street. — \ very well-known and liiglily 
respectable hou-c in the china, glass, and earthenware trade is that which 
for some years his b;en so successfully managed by Mr. Georffe Trice of the 
above address. Despite the fact of its somewhat recent eslablishm-nt, Mr, 
Price's house has succeeded in making for itself a very high-class reputation, 
and taken on the whole is a most prosperous and flourishing establishment. 
I-ounded oiily about five years ago, this house soon succesiied in forming a 
very extensive and valuable mercantile connection, not merely in Dublin 
and its subiirbs, but al-o in various parts of the country. The premises are 
very extensive, and are ihnughout most tastefully and appropriately fitted, 
not only with a view to the convenience of the trade, but alsj to the elfc- 
live display of the large and valuable stock. This latter, which is very 
extensive, corsisis of an admirable asso/lment of articles in china, glass, 
del', and earthenware, and includes nearly every object manuTaclured in 
those various materials. All the articles are of the most superior quality, 
and fully justify the high reputation gained by the house durirg the first five 
years of its commercial existence. During the course of a necessarily brief 
inspection, we were much struck with the fine quality of the work and the 
tasteful and often elegmt designs of many of the objects we h.ad the privilege 
ofms|«cting. In the glass dc|.artment, for instance, we were highly deligh'ed 
with some Ijcautiful sets of cut-glas; decanters, as also with some very t.aste- 
ful designs in eMrgn<% for dinner-table purposes, and which were both 
elegant anrl novel, 'ihere was a very admirable selection of wine-glasses 
and tumblers displayed, all the gjods in this line being of exceptional ele- 
gance and beauty. Nor, when we came to inspect Mr. Trice's Hock of 
china, were we less pitased and surprised at the variety of the various 
jiatlcrns and ilcsigns. Some very admirable dinner sets rpiite struck our 
fancy, the articles being fully up to the best quality of goods of the Im st 
I-.ngiish or Krcnch houses. In the earthenware slock there were sirine fine 
specimens, altogether admirable. The general stock, which is large and 
comprehensive, inchi>le<l a most extensive choice in bedroom and toilet 
r«r|UiM!es, many of the sets being ailinirable alike in .lesign .and workman- 
ship. Mr. Price docs a very large trade in all th: three branches we have 



specified, and we have no d lubt that there is a great future of development 
before the house. The situation of the hou-,c is admirably selected for 
business purpv^ses, Seing quite close to Henry .Street and only a few minutes' 
walk from the ce.ilie of Sackville Street antl .Velson's Pillar. During the 
comparatively sh.irt time he has been before the public, Mr. Trice has 
received a wonderful share of patronage, the success of the establishment 
being almost ]ihenomenal. A very large town and country wholesale trade 
is controlled, Mr. Trice having earned in the country a very high repjt.ition 
for the tpiality of his goads, 'ihe establishment gives employmtnt to about 
fifteen hands, all of wlioni are kept busily engaged in attending to the orders 
receiverl from their travell-^rs, or personally Irom retail traders in Dublin. 
In conclusion, we can only a Id that the house occupies a deserveilly high 
pDsition among mercantile houses, and we willingly testify to its able and 
efticient management. ^ 



W. Kuddell, Tobacco Manufacturer, 147 and 14S, Francis- 
Street. — .\n establishment that de^erves, and has rereived, a most generous 
share of public support is that of \V. Kuldell. This house, which is con- 
cerned in the manufacture anil wholesale ami retail sale of tob.accos and 
snuffs, has been above half a century in the business. The shop measures 
about forty feet by thirty, and is fully litlcd with glass-cases oflices, 
coun'ers, tob.icco knives, and other app.ndagcs of a comfortable and high- 
class divan. I'lie stock is lar^e and varied, and embraces many, indeed all, 
varieties of the fragiant weed, as well as the most popular brands in cigars 
and cigarettes. Tlie shop i< attended by a staff of competent assistants. 
The factory is situated in James Street, is most capacious and excellently 
adapted for the manufactures carrieil on, .More than twenty five hands 
are in continuous employment, and the weekly output is in excess of one 
ton and a half. The inaoliinery eniluaccs four spinning mills and one 
snuff mill, and a cutting iiKichine. .-Ml ilescriptions of tubaccos are turned 
out, birth roll and cut, and all are noted for their unusual d yness and 
hardness, and for the absence of all impure or low class subs ances, so> 
frequently to be found therein. 



INDUSTKIKS OF DUBLIN. 



57 



Kessrs. Mitchell ft Son, Confectioners, etc., etc., 

to, ("irafton Street. — To lincl anytliin),' like a ii.ir.ill(.l to the iiiii'|iie ami 
important poMtion wliich the niaijiiiucent eslall|i^h^u•lll of the Messrs. 
Mitchell & Son holds, wc must travel as far as the West Kiul of London, 
where the celebrated house of Mr. Hunter offers us a compari!on. Like 
Mr. Gunter in London, Mr. Mitchell in Dublin has lonj; won a world-wide 
reputation, and may justly claim, at least on Irish stiil, ttt he callcil j^ar 
exctlUmt the I'rince of Kalaiirateurs. This old e^^al)lished and famous 
house occupies hamUome and elalwrately fitted premises .it lo, (Jrafton 
Street, which are, during the Dublin season, the daily and fashionable 
resort of all that is aristocratic and wealthy in Dublin society. The 
interior of the spacious shop is luxuriantly lited with every elegance 
and comfort calctdaicd to render it a pleasant lounge for the more 
idle among the I'iait inotuii ; and its cool recesses tluring the warm 
summer afternoons may be seen daily crowded with a fashionable and 
well-dressed throng, e.igerly discussing the latest .scandal and Messrs. 
Mitchell's incomparable ices at one and the same time. What treasures 
of the pastrycook's art are here displayed in tempting profusion ! Cool 
jellies trembling on their cut-glass dishes, at the near prospect of their 
consumption by delicately co-tumecl l.idies, in the most bewitching hats or 
bonnets, and envying the fate of their more happy companions, the bath 
buns, who, during the warm weather, are comparatively safe, were it not 
for the wasting away of their s.iccharinc constitutions by the heat. Tarts 
and sponge cakes, bl.inc-m.inge and custard, all are here, and all are 
excellent, as well in point of fact as every delicacy that can captivate the 
eye or tempt the appetite. Nor are the more substantial delicacies, 
represented by succulent hams and tender (ibred ox-tongues, in all the 
glory of chocolate coloured gl.ize and perforated paper decorations, wanting, 
to satisfy the tastes of those to whom, alas ! the more ethereal charm of ice 
or jelly is no longer what it once was, when "all the world was younger." 
How many a pleasant hour have we ourselves not spent within those pleasant 
portals, consuming, with economic slowness, the currant or bath bun supplied 
tous, while menially taking notes, not without feelings of envy, of how many 
gooseberry tarts a certain divinity, in the most entrancing of pink tulle 
bonnets, was d.iintily consuming, and listening, with a schoolboy's greedy 
ears, to the sharp po,> of the champagne corks, which now or again 
might be heard. To estimate, however, the real importance of Messrs. 
Mitchell & Son's business, it is necessary to travel farther afield than their 
■elegantly appointed premises in Grafton Street. It is in what may be 
termed, not unfittingly, their export trade, or, in other words, their 
outside business, that the house bears such a splendid reputation. There 
is not a Kill or partv given in Dublin by the upper ten thousand, at which 
the supper and refreshments are not supplied by "Mitchell's." Here 
is where the great and deservedly high fame of the house has been made. 
In the supply of first-class suppers to b.alls and parties, as well as in the 
supply of the wedding breakfasts, which are not unfrequently the outcome of 
the former, Messrs. Mitchell & Son can fear no rivalry, they are unique. 
No other house in the trade has the same name, or can ever .acquire it, as 
long as Mitchell's lasts. We can imagine the respected head of the firm 
smiling blandly at the mere suggestion of the house's fame not being 
eternal, and murmuiing, " Afr^s nous U dt'hr^e" with the air of an old 
aristocrat of the haute noblesse. Messrs. Mitchell & Son are widely famous 
for the quality of their wedding cakes, and in the manufacture of those 
costly and stately piles of plum cake and frosted sugar do a most extensive 
business — to order, of course. They hold appointments to the Queen, 
Prince of Wales, Dukes of Edinburgh and Conn.aught, and all the Lord 
Lieutenants ; and they supply all the principal banciucts, dejeuners, balls, etc. 
We once heard the time taken in the manufacture of one of Messrs. 
Mitchell & Son's cakes, but regret not being able to give the tigure to 
our readers ; it was, however, something enormous. 'I'hey send brides' 
cakes all over the world, and an order is now on hand for a young lady 
going out to India to be married, and who is going to take her bridal cake 
with her. These hymeneal trophies have lo be ordered of the firm 
considerably in advance of the time required, their composition being a 
weighty matter — in both senses of the term — and requiring great care 
and expenditure of thought. They have always a large stock on hand. 
Can turn one out in twenty-four hours (cakes which rcciuire to be m.ade 
«mie six months in advance). In taking leave of this old and favourite 
house, the very mention of whose name is redolent of the most pleasant 
memories and the happiest associations, we would call attention to the 
great populaiity which members of the firm undoubtedly enjoy, not 
merely among those with whom they are most intimately brought in 
cont.act, but generally, and throughout commercial circles in Dublin. 
Their unfailing courtesy, civility, and business tact has had much to do in 
the formation ol their large and influential connection, while, from the 
commercial standpoint, the honourable methods by which they carry on 
their extensive trade, coupled with the strict integrity and honour which 
characterises all their business relations, has caused them to be widely and 
deservedly respected. Mr. R. Mitchell is the only partner in the firm. 



May & Sons, Music Sellers, Pianoforte, Harmonium, 

and Organ Warohouse, 130, Su-plien's Cirt-en. -L)iie of the chicl houses 
(now established a quarter of a century) in Dublin lor the sale of musical 
instruments is that of Messrs. May & .Sons. The two large windows that 
introduce the sightcer or customer to the instruments soUl are well dressed 
with the latest publications of music, and with many ditlerent kinds of 



portfolios .and reticules made lo carry and contain works on music. In the 
ware-rooms is placed on view a very large and choice stock of pianos, har- 
moniums, organs, violins, meloleons, concert in.as, ami, in particular, a 
gooil stock of instruments used in life and drum and reed bandu, together 
with an issortmcnt of music-stands and stools, violin c.i»cs, etc. The 
premises throu;;hriut are maintained in admirable order by an clficient 
stair, anil the slock is well kept up lo meet the large Ir.idc that the hoasc 
hai, by conscientious ilealings, .acquired. .Superintending iheir own busi- 
ness, avoiding unnecess-iry expenditure of man.igement, and inordinate 
.ailvertising, they sell at the very smallest profit compatible with fair 
trading. The tuning of pianot is a speciality that the house has ever l)ccn 
famous for, the skilful hands employed gaining for it a name that adds lo 
and enhances the reputation enjoyed by it for the constant intri, luclion of 
the latest novv^lties in its line. In adililum lo catering for a valuable and 
inlluential private connection, the sales of the shop make the bu->iness 
a most lucrative one. In its equipment nothing has l)cen left undone 
to make it complete, and every accommodation has been requisitioned for 
the ease and comfort of all who inspect their fine show of goods. The 
quality of the articles sold is exceptionally good, and it h,Ts ever been the 
aim of this firm to give best possible value at lowest remunerative prices ; and 
the i>opulaiity attained by the house proves that the success has l>een com- 
mensurate with the efforts used to gain it. The utmost consideration for 
the customers' interests is shown, and the most painstaking energy cha- 
racterises the transactions of the house, which well deserves ihe ptosjicrily 
that true worth merits. 



"W. Orammond & Sons, 5S, Dawson Street. --Tn tlie career ol 
the Messrs. Drummond we have a short history of unbroken success, 
dating from 1S43, when the present head of the Irish branch of the house 
opened connections in this country. To touch on earlier traditions of the 
house would be to open up the stories of several generations, and touch 
upon matters which do not come into the scope of a work on Dublin 
industries. Opening in the same street where the establishment .so familiar 
to more than one generation of Iri^h agriculturists now stands, the Messrs. 
Drummond soon found the pressing need for such commodious stores and 
warehouses as they now possess, and accordingly, in 1845, moved from 
No. 16 to their present address. The famine year and the consequent 
commercial cri>is came and went ; seasons of difficulty and agricultural 
depression followed one upon the other, but the firm of Drummond floated 
salely and prosperously through them all. Mr. David Drummond, the 
founder of the Irish branch, has long been a prominent Dublin citizen, 
widely known both in the worlil of philanthropy and as a member of the 
lioards of many of the chief industrial enterprises of the capit.il. His 
career is but a reflex of the success which has followed that rigid adherence 
to high principle which has directed the management of Ihe firm. Some 
eight years ago he associated with him in p.artnership two son', Mr. 
Wdliam Henry and Hamilton Drummond, they having first gone through 
a long training in the agricultural details and technicalities incident to the 
management of such a business. Of the thousand and one necessaries to 
agricultural and horticultural economy in which they do bu-sin.-ss we do 
not propose to write, simply saying that the house makes a successful 
speciality of grass and clover seeds, and its name is inseparably connected 
with their widely-known purple-lopped swede. The various departments 
have of late been chielly under the direction of the younger memlx;rs of 
the firm, and we are glad to think that in their hands its prestige has 
suffered no diminution, and we predict that it will long continue its career 
of usefulness in the agricultural world. 



R. Sexton &; Sons, Tailor, 50, Dawson Street. — There exists in 

that weird philosophic, yet most pleasing and interesting work of Thomas 
Carlyle, "Sartor Kesartus," a history of clothes and a record of the part 
they have played in the destinies of the world. If some Iiish Carlyle were 
to compose a " Clothes-history " ol Dublin, he would find a full suliject for 
one chapter at least in the tailoring and military outfitting es'ablishment of 
K. Sexton & Sons, at 50, Dawson Street. Since its est.ablishment, now 
above thirty-five years ago, there have been witnessed in the promenades 
of Dublin many changes of fashion. A time was when full, indeed baggy, 
straight-cut, unornamcntal garments were the outer coverings of those who 
thought themselves the pink of perfection. At present closeness of lit, 
originality of cut, and cunning of design are de rigiuur. At other periiuls in 
those thirty years these extremes were in a manner blended and combined, 
with a result by which ease, elegance, and comfort were cansiilerably the 
gainers. Through all these changes Messrs. R. Sexton iS Sons always held 
their leading position among the tailors of town. The history of the past 
of this establishment is a record of success and prosperity, worthily acquired 
by a patient endeavour to serve ihe public. The number of hands varies 
from twenty to thirty. Needless to say that the patrons of this house are 
the chief lights ot Dublin, indee<l, of Irish society, and the military are 
looked after in a speci.il manner by the manager and owner, a gentleman 
in whom are uniteil all the abilities which could advance the iiiteiests and 
success 01 this, such a deservedly famous house. Mr. R. Sexton, the 
.senior memlier of the firm, was the Unionist candidate for the Stephens 
Green Division of Dublin at the election, iSSS, and is chairman of the 
South Dublin Union, the largest union in Ireland. 



58 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Cramer's Great Musical Depdt, 4 and 5, Westmoreland 
Street. — ThU busiiie-s, «liich claims to be the largest pianoforte 
and music warehouse in Europe, was established in iSoi by Marcus Moses, 
and certainly, under its present management, is a very thriving; and flourish- 
ing affair. The premises are very commotlious, and well adapted to the 
necessities of the business. The stock of instruments to select from is such 
as cannot be seen elsewhere, and consists of grand, semi-grand, and cottage 
pianofortes by the most eminent makers — such as CoUard & Collard, Erard, 
Broadwood, Cramer, Hopkinson, Chappell, and all the best-known Conti- 




Intcrior view ot Music Warehoiisr a:ui principal Pianolorte Gallery. 1 lie other e.vlen- 
sive Show-rooms arc ai the right, left, and rear ct the above, antl occupy the rears of 
3, 6, and 7, Westmorelaiid Street, and 40, 41, 42, and 43, Flest Street. 

nental makers. Cramer & Co. were the originators of the three years' 
system, which may be considered as one of the greatest boons of this 
musical age, because it places first-class instruments within the reach 
of all, even in cases where the mere buying and paying down cash for a 
piano would be out of the question for a man with a very moderate 
income. But by this arrangement he may secure a really good in- 
strument at a small quarterly payment, which he can well afford, 
as, having made provision for it, he would never miss the amount. 
This firm are sole agents for Ireland for several of the most noted 
makers, so that their instruments can only be obtained at this house. 
The proprietors give a written guarantee for the genuineness of the instru- 
ments, so that the affairs of the firm are conducted with the strictest in- 
tegrity. Besides instruments, the firm supply, in a special depaitment, 
printed music of all kinds. A very large selection is kept in stock, but any 
piece that does not happen to be in stock is supplied upon the shortest 
notice to order. The business is carried on v^•ith tact and energy, expe- 
rienced assistants are employed, and the house is held in high repute all 
over the country for the uniform excellent quality of their instruments. 
The gentlemen constituting the firm are well known to be of the highest 
commercial status, and recognised authorities on the selection of pianos, 
being highly esteemed by their numerous patrons for their courtesy, and the 
careful organis.ition of their immense business and the staff employed therein. 
All orders are executed in the most efficient and satisfactory manner, and 
with every advantage to the purchaser. The house enjoys a splendid busi- 
ness reputation, and its long establishment, well-sustained good name, and 
capable present management, all combine to strengthen and enhance the 

Ixjpular confidence and favour in which it is to-ilay so widely and deservedly 
leid, being, as it is, a credit to the energy of the proprietors, and the im- 
ponant trade it so ably represents. 



Joze it Co., Manufacturing and Dispensing Chemists, 
Wholesale DruggUts. Oil and Colour H'.rotiaiit.''. 3^. Arran Quay, and 
24, DiiTiK- Stro-t. 'I liii \..:y imp'jrtant and thriving business was starled in 
1852, and, during the pa'^t thirty-four years, has lormed for itself a wiilc- 
S|>reading connection in the wholesale and retail drug trade. The business 
occupies, as premises suitable to its extensive industry, large buildings at 
38, Arran Quay, of which they have recently obtained a long lease from the 
Corporation of Dublin, and where they have completely rebuilt the ware- 
houses, stores, and lalxjrator)-, and fitted them with every modern improve- 
ment to meet their daily increasing trade. Thiy have also enlarged and 
improved their Dame Street brancli. The new premises on Arran Quay 
ate very spacious and commodious, and arc admirably fitted with all llic 
requirements of modem taste and with a direct view to their general utility. 
As dispinsing chemists the firm have a wide and ilaily growing connection 
among all classes of citizen.?, the sale of patent medicines, many beinjj of 



their own preparation, being a speci.ilily with them. Their compounding 
department is under thechargeof .Mr. John Joze, B..\., T.C.D., L.P.S.I., 
Pharmaceutical Chemist, etc., assisted by skilled chemists, and every pre- 
scription is carefully checked. In addition to their large premises on .\rratv 
Quay, .Messrs. Joze & Co. have another extensive business establishment, 
at 24, Dame Street, both housss being admirably supplied with a large and' 
valuable stock of those many and varied commodities in w hich they success-, 
fully trade. The large and well-selected stock of pure fresh drugs and 
chemicals owned by the firm may invite comparison with any house in the- 
kingdom, and includes almost every species of drug and preparation known 
to the trade. The trade in drugs always forms a very important part iiVi 
the creation of the commercial greatness of any large or wealthy city, and 
in this particular Dublin is no exception to the general rule, boasting as it 
does so many eminent firms engaged in this particular form of commerce. 
Among those houses of established reputation the firm under our notice 
certainly plays a conspicuous part, having earned, as we have said, a well- 
deserved name for the purity and quality of those articles it oilers to the 
public. To enumerate in detail the various articles to be found among 
Messrs. Joze & Co.'s stock would take at least a column to itself, while to 
expatiate on their excellence or render them a tithe of 'he notice they in 
justice deserve would doubtless require half-adozen. In the druggist Ime, 
however, we may briefly classify their goods under about seven denomina- 
tions, retaining an eighth for oils and colours. The stock consists then,. 
shortly, of patent medicines, special medicines, toilet preparations, choice- 
perfumery, cattle medicines, and various household sundries. Under the. 
heading of "special medicines " we find many articles prepared by Messrs. 
Joze & Co. themselves. These form an extensive catalogue in themselves,, 
and require more space than we can, unfortunately, afford ; so that out of 
over a score of specially prepared and jiatent medicines, bearing the name- 
of the firm as their inventois, we merely mention Jozc-'s liver pills, Joze's 
antacid mixture, instant toothache cure, sarsapariila and iodine, JozeV 
chemical food, Joze's cough mixture, quinine and iron tonic, pick-me-up 
bitters. The business arr.angements are very complete, and do much credit 
to the business manager, Mr. T. M. Joze. who has spent several years visiting 
the principal laboratories in Europe and America, while the unvary-ing and 
untiring courtesy of their large staff of assistants is beyond all praise. 



Werner & Son, Artists and Photographers, 39, Grafton' 

Street. — In the fashionable and much frequented thorouglif^ue of Grafton 
.Street stands the studio of one of tlie most eminent firms of photographers, 
in the kingdom. The well-known house of Werner & Son has a reputation' 
that is not bounded by parallels of latitude, their productions finding their 
way to all parts of the civilised globe. Their name is as familiar in New- 
South Wales as it is in California, and many an adopted citizen of the 
United States can point with reverence to the facialyar similes produced at 
the renowned studio in Grafton Street. In the p.-ist year they have been 
the recipients of several medals, foremost of which are those awarded 
them in London and Vienna. Probably in no branch of the arts have 
more improvements been made during recent years than in that of 
photography, and the rapidity with which these inventions have been 
adopted by the profession is a convincing and very forcible proof of the 
spirit of progressive enterprise that has always been a distinguishing feature 
of those engaged in this particular business. The establishment under 
review have always displayed a keen sense of competitive energy, and have 
constantly added to their resources and producing powers, keeping pace in 
this way with the unceasing demands of a fashionable and truly critical 
clien'.iU. They have always been the first to adopt improvements and 
novelties in connection with their operations, and have never attempted to 
save either time or money where the interests of their patrons were at stake. ' 
In this way they have attained a degree of success; that is, however, only 
consistent with their enterprise, and the high standard of perfection to 
w-hich they have brought the art of photography. Their galleries have won 
an international reputation for the supeiiority and wonderful accuracy of ' 
their portraits, and in evidence of this, it may be mentioned that they have 
been honoured by the presence of many distinguished visitors, and liberally 
patronised by the wealthy and fashionable of Ireland. The best and most 
indisputable proof of the general excellence of the productions of this 
establishment, is to be found in the fact that atone exhibition alone they 
obtained three medals of first-class merit for three distinct productions of 
photography, a feat never before performed at any exhibition. The press 
and the public alike are unanimous in their eulogium of the extremely and 
singularly beautiful work turned out from the .studios of Messrs, Werner & 
Son. Their photographs ami monochrome enlargements are triumphs of 
artistic beauty and photographic skill unprecedented in the records of the 
art. It is only fair to mention that in this connection Messrs. Werner & 
.Son are the only firm in Dublin who have special apparatus and gallery 
constructed to produce enlargements, thus obviating the necessity of sending 
their work to be done out of the country, ensuring personal supervision, 
and guaranteeing a speedy delivery of all orders entrusted to them. Out- 
door I ihotography constitutes a most impoitant item in the operations of the 
establishment, and in this connection some splendid specimens may be seen 
in their galleries. The premises occupied are commodious, artistically 
arranged, and admir.il>ly equipped in every respect. In carte-tle-vi^ite, 
cabinet, and panel work the production of these galleries is unrivalled loi 
beauty and superior workmanship. The prices charged are very moderate, 
while the satisfaction to be obtained by an artistic and accurate portrait is- 
guarantccd. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



59 



Mr. R. T. Martin, Ladies' Tailor, Coatnmier, and 

Habit Maker, S5, 86 .iiul S7, Oraflon Street. — .\mon(; the pioneers of the 
"l.iiii.s' i.iilor inovemeiil " must certainly be classed .Mr. K. T. Martin, 
of (Iraftoii Street, who has now, for the last ten years, ministered to 
la<lies' wants in things sartorial, ami with a success which his enterprise 
and spirit most certainly deserve. Mr. Martin had an ambition to shine 
as a second Worth, feeling no doubt that it was in him to do so. With 
this idea he proceedeil to I'aris, where he est.ablished a clicnlilt, but 
luckily vacated the ill fated city immediately before the siege. Return- 
ing to his native land, he at once solicited the suffrages of his fair country- 
women, and with such success that before any great length of time had 
elapsed, he found his efforts crowned with success, numbering among 
his connection names the most distinguished. .Mr. Martin, who since 
then has achieved the wi<lest reputation throughout Great Britain and 
Ireland, occupies very handsome premises at S5, 86, and 87, Grafton Street, 
his luxuriously furnished waiting-rooms being daily crowded with ladies 
either come to inspect Mr. Martin's latest triumphs or to honour him with 
some further extension of their custom. The garments produced retlect the 
highest creilil, and speak well for his taste, judgment, and gener.al pro- 
fessional skill. We really do not know that there is any house upon the 
Continent that can surp.ass Mr. Martin's in his special line. Some of the 
costumes which by his courtesy we were permitted to inspect, appeared to 
us to be absolutely faultless lioih as to the matter of taste and workman- 
ship, and we cannot help but think that his long experience in Paris has 
stood good service here. The taste for tailor-made garments as opposed to 
dressmaker's work is very pronounced, no young lady of fashion deeming 
her wardrobe complete unless she has at least half a-doien tailor-made cos- 
tumes, and we confess ourselves that it is impossible to deny that there is 
a (it, make, and finish about tailor-made garments superior to those pro- 
duced by the most stylish and fashionable modiste. At any rate, there can 
be no doubt that men of enterprise and good business tact like Mr. 
Martin are certain to improve the shining hour and gather up a very 
subst-tntial kind of honey from the dainty flowers of the Dublin season. 
He had a very attractive stall at Olympia, wherein were displayed 
several specimens of his handiwork, and it was generally admitted that 
the goods thus shown bore favourable comparison with the work of any 
other in the trade. We regret very much not being able to devote more 
space to the consideration of Mr. Martin's business, but we are unfortu- 
nately limited, and it would be obviously impossible within the scope of a 
short review of this description to render anything like'adequate justice to 
his undoubted skill and talent as costumier and habit-maker. .\Uhough 
we could find ample material to enlarge on, we will merely add in con- 
clusion that his name stands deservedly high in commercial circles, and 
that he is widely respected all over Dublin. 



Andrews & Co., Tea and 'Wine Merchants, D.ame Street, 
Dublin. — The old-established and highly esteemed house of Messrs. 
Andrews & Co., wholesale and retail grocers, tea and wine merchants, and 
general purveyors, of Nos. 19, 20, 21, and 22, Dame Street, Dublin, 
is the most prominent and important in its own particular line in the 
metropolis. In fact, it might fairly be called one of its institutions, from 
the ni.ignitude and the usefulness of the trade carried on by this house. 
The firm was established about lifty years ago, and from the very outset 
began to take up a position of eminence amongst its city contemporaries, 
and that high position it has worthily and steadily maintained through all 
the many years that it has been in existence. The premises occupied by 
the firm at the above address in Dame Street are very handsome and com- 



SOLE PROPRIETORS 

OF THE 

C. O. M. 







'-.V 






OLD DUBLIN 'WHISKY. 

REGISTERED. 



modious, part being at the corner of South George's Street. They comprise 
four shops, giving the splendid frontage of ninety feet to the pavement. 
AH the fittings are most handsome and substantial, and admirably suited to 
the requirements of such a large and varied business. The vaults and 
storerooms are large and commodious, well laid out, and most convenient. 
The shop and shop windows are always nicely arranged and decorated with 
the various articles ofl'ered for sale. In the grocery department there is 
always an extensive and well-assorted stock in the freshest and primest 
condition, and ready for immediate consumption. The Italian warehouse 
Contains every foreign and home condiment that can be required by the 
lirst chefs. "The provision department contains the finest hams, butter, and 
cheese, being drawn by the firm only from the most noted and reliable sources 
of supply. This high .standard is always kept up, and the goods can always 
be relied on. The teas and coft'ees are of the highest class and quality, 
being the best that can be bought in the markets. Sugars, spices, biscuits, 
jams, pickles, condiments, by the most celebrated manufacturers, and the 



usual goods necessary for family provisioning are all of the best quality. 
Hampers for picnics will Ik; made up at the shortest notice. The Christreu 
hampers have for over forty years been a noted sp^cialile with this house. 
The slock of wines in Andrews & Co.'s vaults is of great value and variety, 
and includes all the pure inexpensive wines that can l)e im|X)rted from the 
growers, as well as many high-class wines of the more rare and exclusive 
quality. The tirm are proprietors of the old well-known brand of COM. 
Dublin whisky, which is held in the highest repute through both England 
and Ireland. The connection of this house is very extcivsivr and most 
valuable. It numbers amongst its patrons members of the nobility, and 
the leading gentry in the country, the suburbs, and surroumling districts, 
who always meet with the most complete satisfaction. The whole is 
managed by the pro])rielors in the most capable and enterprising manner ; 
no exertion is spared, no stone left unturned to fullil the desires of their 
customers. The result is that their trade is ever on the increase, and 
becoming more valuable every day. 



The Ormonde Hotel (Mr. J. McHugh), 9, Upper Ormonde 
Qu,ay. — It has not been the good fortune of many among some of the 
oldest and most celebratc<l of the Dublin hotels or taverns, to preseri-e for 
so many years so high and lasting a reputation as that which distinguishes 
the naiDe of the old "Ormonde Hotel." This line old house, which can 
boast of over a hundred years of uninterrupted success and public favour, 
was well known and frequented by the wits and gallants who made Dublin 
famous in the latter part of last century. For aught we know Curran 
may often have turned in here on his way from the scene of his triumphs, 
the neighbouring Four Courts, as they are termed, to refresh the inner man 
with a glass of that favourite wine which, if tradition does not lie, the 
famous lawyer and orator loved " not wisely but too well. ' And certain 
it is that since that great man's day many generations of his silken-clothed 
and silver-tongued brethren have found a visit to the " Ormonde " a 
temptation not to be resisted. Founded somewhat earlier than the year 
1788, about ten or eleven years before the great rebellion, the old house 
might gossip with its modern customers about those stirring times, and 
regale their ears with interesting reminiscences of Gratlan and Curran, 
Sheridan and Flood. It could tell them what Dublin thought of the 
horrors of '98, or perhaps relate how the famous orator, whose name it 
bore, had partaken of his cutlet and glass of port before going down to the 
old house over the way, to thunder forth in the cause of Irish liberty and 
independence. Be this as it may or not, the " Ormonde " is at the pre- 
sent moment a very enjoyable house whereat to refresh the inner man, and 
retains all its old popularity untarnished. The establishment is furnished 
with about fifteen apartments, including bedrooms. The reception rooms 
are very tastefully fitted, with a due regard to the character and antiquity 
of the house, while those devoted to sleeping purposes are neat, orderly, 
and exquisitely clean. The general attendance is fully equal to that of the 
first hotels in either Dublin or London. A somewhat extensive business 
is done in the retail of wines and spirits, which are to be procured at a com- 
modious bar provided for this purpose. Under the experienced manage- 
ment of Mr. James McHugh there is no fear of this fine old house losing 
its traditionary reputation or witnessing any diminution of its trade. All 
who know this gentleman speak most highly of him as a host, and his 
agreeable manner has largely contributed to the modem prosperity of the 
old " Ormonde." 



J. McCormick & Co., Coal Merchants, ;. D'Olier Street. 

— The co.al trade of Dublin claims more than one-fourth of the entire regis- 
tered tonnage entering the port. Last year about 750,000 tons of coal were 
imported into Dublin. One of the best known and oldest firms in the 
Dublin coal trade is that of Messrs. J. McCormick & Co., of 7, D'Olier 
Street. The coal business of Mr. 'I'hos. Peile, which was established 
about 1S05, was purchased by Mr. McCormick in 1S48. A few years later 
he purchased the interest in the coal trade conducted by Mr. Carpenter 
(grandfather of the present Bishop of Ripon) at 7, D'Olier Street, at which 
otfice he has since carried on his business. Formerly the city was supplied 
with fuel by means of sailing vessels, which were frequently detained many 
weeks by contrary winds, and with short supplies prices of coal were 
subject to sudtlen changes, sometimes almost touching famine point. The 
sailing colliers were also discliarged very slowly, a month being no un- 
common time for clearing a small craft. Screw colliers have altered 
matters, making their passages from Liverpool in twelve hours, and un- 
loaded at the rate of about 100 tons per hour, they keep up a continuous 
supply, and prevent violent fluctuations in prices. Messrs. J. McCormick 
& Co. promptly provided their trade with the improved facilities which the 
times demanded ; they sold their fleet of sailing vessels and introduced 
steamers in their stead. These steamers are discharged with great rapidity 
by means of steam cranes, which they have erected at their wharfage and 
stores. With a growing and prosperous trade Messrs. McCormick have 
been obliged to largely increase their storage, and in their premises on 
City Quay they can now stock 20,000 tons of ccal. Messrs, >IcCorniick 
specially devote their attention to the importation of the higher class house 
coals ; for thirty-five years they have been the exclusive importers of 
Orrell coal, from the celebrated mines of Jonathan Blimdell & Son ; this 
coal has acquired an unequalled reputation in the Dublin market. Mr. 
McCormick and his sons still conduct and personally superintend their 
business, 

E 2 



6o 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 




fitted 
and, 



with every convenience required in | 



Mitchell & Son, Wine Merchants and Importers,. 

21, Kildare "-treet. — In the Irish capital there arc lew more enterprising 
or more hard working men 
than Mr. K. Mitchell. His 
restaurant, at lo, Grafton 
Street, is an important con 
cern in itself, but it has not 
been sufficient to satisfy his 
active turn of minH, and to 
that important branch of 
liis business he has a<lded 
two more large industrial 
enterprises — the " Gros- 
venor Hotel," and an ex- 
tensive wine business in 
Kildare Street. This cele- 
brated hotel is elsewhere 
described, but it may here 
be stated that its manage- 
ment has been all that could 
be e.xpected, and its success 
in truth phenomenal. The 
wine store is situateti at 
21, Kildare Street. The 
offices that occupy the front 
portion of the premises are 
extremely commodious, are 
this rather exacting business 
in addition, are in telephonic com- 
munication with the restaurant and 
the hotel. Underneath and stretch- 
ing far to the rear are the cellars 
and vaults. These are models of 
compactness, and are choke-full of 
the oldest and most valuable wines. 
Cases upon cases, lined with almost 
priceless nectars, are ranged around 
the walls, and from the bins rise 
myriads of gold and silver-colourtd 
necks that indicate the nature of 
their contents. In a'l kinds of wines 
the slock is of enormous propor- 
tions, but the assor mcnt of cham- 
pagnes is one of extra irdinary 
merit. These champagnes, too, are 
sold at extremely low prices, in 
consequence of Mr. Mitchell es- 
caping the onerous duties imposed 
by largely importing previous to the 
rise of duty. His principal brands, 
with their catalogued prices, a e : 
Jules Remy, Ayala, Moetand Chan- 
don, Giesler, Max Sulaine, I'om- 
mery & Greno ; while the excellent 
brand of Furcier I'cre et Pils is 
quoted. Irroy, iSSo Vintage, 
Kuinart IVre et Fils, Hcidsieck's 
1880, Dry Monopole of 1874 and 
18S0 Vintage, Uuc de Monlebello, 
Piper & Co., 1880 Jules Remy, 
have given the greatest possible 
satisfaction to all good judges, .nnd 
their lS8o's have proved enor- 
mously successful. Sherries, pal<», 
golden, and brown, range in price 
from 20s. to S4S. per dozen ; Ports, 
crusted and mellow, from 243. to 
84J. ; and Moselles from 36/. to Cot. 




George Moyers, Timber, Slate, and Cement Merchant, 

47 to 51, Kichmund Street South. — An impusing i-dilice of great .irchi- 
tcctural beauty-, in red brick with cut-stone dressings, displ.nying the cultured 
taste and artistic rcfmeinent of a highly trained mind, opens its portals on 
the splendid and commodious timber and slate yards, saw-mill stores, and 
workshops of AMerinan Sir George Moyers, J. P., LL.D., known as the 
PortotK:llo .Saw Mills, and whose other stores lie at the Custom House 
iJocks. This well-known establishment was founded over sixty years ago, 
and since then has increased lo its present importance as one of the most 
representative house* in its particular branch ot the industries of the Irish 
mclro|j<ilis. The premises m Richmond Street cover a large area, and arc 
well litted with every accessory and requisites (or the execution of large 
contracts, and the geneial transaction of the immense business done. The 
plant consists of the newest and most approved machine-lramc saws, 
circular saws, as well as moulding, planing, trying up, mortising, and other 
necessary machimry. The car|>cntry dep<rlinenl is in itself a large source 
of income, and has been ever famed for the artistic and beautiful work 
turned out. The other important branches of the business compiisc a 
kplcnilid Mock of all kinds of timlicr, especially Riga, Austrian, and 
American oak; walnut ; Duiningo, Tabasco, and Honduras mahogany ; abo 



Of German wines, Hockheim is in most demand, and the supply of this 
at Mitchell's is of extra superior bouquet and quality. Of French vintages 

the Chambertin Burgundy 
is the most favoured, and 
Mr. Mitchell ofTers a very 
old, soft, and rich descrip- 
tion of this agreeable wine. 
In the spirit section, bran- 
dies — guaranteed the bott- 
ling ot Mr. Mitchell — are 
priced from 60s. to lo8s. 
per dozen, while the stock 
uf whiskies embraces Dublin 
whisky at 20s. per gallon, 
.Scotch at 20J., and Islay at 
22.. per gallon. Mr. Mitchell 
also possesses two special 
brands, the Eblana, a spirit 
of the first quality, being 
the firm's own blending. 
The Eblana is a ten-year- 
old whisky, and can be 
hail at 24/. per gallon or 
50i'. per dozen. The second 
brand is the Pat. This is 
six years old, is priced at 20s. 
per g.illon or 42.1. per dozen, and is universally recognised to be a splendid 

spirit. These are sold in neat 
quart jars, and are daily becoming 
popular in London, where of late 
they have been introduced through 
the medium of the Irish Exhibition 
at Olympia, in which Mr. Mitchell 
orcupied one of the most prominent 
stalls. A large export trade is done 
in Eblana and Pal whiskies ; in 
fact, these brands are proved to be 
si pure and excellent that the de- 
mand is increasing to an enormous 
extent. Chemists of the highest 
standing have testified to their 
purity, while they are frequently 
recommended by leading members 
of the medical profession. In port 
wines a very large family trade is 
done. A rare old Tawny Port is 
sold in really enormous quantities, 
being much appreci.ated for itj 
maturity and lightnes;. White 
Port is also much in demand, to 
siy nothing of the other various 
kinds of full bodied wines. Bor- 
deaux wines form an important item 
in the firm's trade, and th;y hold 
very large stocks of MeJoc, St. 
Estephe, St. Julien, La Rose, Mar- 
gtux Moutin, Vint. 1S87, Chat. 
Mcyney, 1S75, Chat. Du Lue, 1S77, 
('hat. La Rose, Chat. Margaux, 
Chat. Lafitte. Another important 
braich of the business is con- 
crncd in cigars and cigaie'tes; 
of the latter the most successful 
brand being the Pylon, while of 
cigars such brands as Cabona, 
Camilla, Floridc, Cub.a, and Im- 
perialc arc in full slock, and .ire 
highly appreciated by his patrons. 



slates from the chief WcUh .-viul other quarries, in addition to a store ot the 
best cements. The qualities of the latter kept have attained for them an 
increasing demand among-t conlr.actorJ, builders, and sanitary engineers. 
In its entirely, the stock held we do not think could be surpass- d for excel- 
lence and moderation in prices. These two features have undoubtedly been 
recognised, from the (act that this establishment can fairly lay claim to the 
largest and most inducntial dienlele in its branch of the commercial interests 
of our city. The number of hands employed we do not hesitate in sayirg 
must number over a hundred ; and to the credit of the house must it be 
stated, that a sjiitit of good and kindly feeling ever exists between Sir 
George Moyers and his numerous slafT. The public appreciation of the 
worthy employer and proprietor, is evidenced in the numerous public 
oTices that he has held in the p.ist as well as those he holds al present. 
Amongst the many honours thjt have been conferred on him svas the Lord 
Mayoralty of the metropolis in the year 18S1. At the present (in the 
year iSSS) he is chairman of the Pembroke Township Commissioners. The 
conduct of his business h.os, however, suft'eied nothing by his outsiiic duties, 
.as he is an exceptionally energetic man. The man.agcment of his extensive 
operations has ably proved the higher qualities of enterprising genius and 
ability with which Sir George Moyers, J. P., LL.U , is endowed. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUHLIN. 



6i 



Mflssrs.Jolinston& Co. , Grocers, TeaMerchants, Wines 
BBd Spirits, Bottler* of Dublin Whisky, 9, l-einslcr Slrcct.— A vcijr 
imporcant oialilishiiuiit in the whi>!<y licHilIri}; line is that of Messrs. John- 
ston I'v Co., of LcinslLT .Street, who fur twenty years h.ivc cirrieil on an 
extensive business in this lir.inch of lr.ule. Koumleil in l86S, Messrs. 
Johnston & Co. snon achieved a hij;h te|iut.ilion for the ipiality of their 
bottled Dubbn whisky, and coniinamled a lar^;e trade all over Ireland, and 
in England ar.d Seotiand. The linn oidy deal in .Messrs. John Janiesm 
& Son's olil Dublin whisky, which tliey buy direct of course from the 
distillery, and bottle either in bond or duly paid to suit the requirements of 
their customers. The premises occupied by this enterprisinjj lirm are 
situated at 9, Leinster .Street, and arc of considerable extent, tlie fr lutagc 
of the house— which is striking and attrictive — measurini; ab mt thirty three 
feet across, while the interior depth of the premises from front to rear 
measures 200 feet. The conneciioii formed by the house during the 
twenty years it has been enjjaijeil in tr.ade is of a most important and widely 
extended character, a large business being done as we have siid among 
retad houses in Ireland, and a large export trade with England being also 
controlled. Most, indeed we niay say every Irishman, recognises the 
incomparalile whisky of Messrs. Jameson & .Son to be about the best in 
Irelnnd, both in strength, flavour, and quality; but the spirit is not as 
widely known in England as it deserves to be — whisky of a most inferior 
char,icter being often sold and drank as Messrs. Jameson's which it is need- 
less to say never crossed the threshold of the famous distillery. That 
Messrs. Johnston & Co. have done gooti work in introducing this finest of 
the Irish whiskies to the English markets, and in such a way that it 
becomes imiwssible for the unprincipled publican or grocer to adulterate it, 
goes without saying, and we look for brilliant results in the near future. 
Did the English public really know the flavour of Messrs. Jameson & Son's 




iproduction, they would tvever be .igain imposed upon by impudent and 
.fraudulent practices. Messrs Johnston employ about a <iozen hands in 
.bottling and packing, and tlie business goes as smoothly as if by clockwoik. 
.Messrs. Johnston bottle the whisky either in bond at the boniled ware- 
houses or duty paid at their own extensive i>remises, and pack the bottles 
in one or two dozen boxes, somewhat similar to brandy cases, stamping 
ach box with their own name and the name of the makers in large lelters 
on its side ; by this nicajis the fiini make sure that the cases will not be 
tampered with. Some of the whisky thus bottled ami i>acked is that dis- 
tilled in 1S79, which makes the whisky nine years old. This must be a 
-most delightful quality whisky ; for even at four years old Messrs. Jameson's 
.manufacture may be said to hold the field, in the sense that they ilri\e all 
other competitors out o! it. If whisky be intrinsically bad, all the keei>iiig 



in the world, either in wf)o<i or in Ixittle, will never cure it ; but where the 
spirit is naturally good, the toning of age, as well as the evip ration of the 
fusel oil, is of the urcalcst advantage. We regret exceidingly not being able 
to ilevole more space to a consideration of this subject, and feel how 
in.adci|uate a sketch like this must prove when seeking to convey an impres- 
sion of such a house as Messrs. Johnston & Co. '5 to the rea<ler s mind, but 
we have already, we fear, overstepped our limits, and must here reluclatitly 
bring to a close our slight review of this im|)ortant house of business. In 
conclusion we will merely say that we consider there should be a blight 
future before this establishment, and have no iloubt that it will rapidly 
develop a trade in England and Scotland. The firm have our best wishes 
for success. "I consider that a person who drinks spirits in Ireland in 
moderation— .and when we talk of^ spirits in Ireland we mean whisky — 
is much less likely to be injure<l by it than a person who drinks bcLr in 
equal moderation. / tAi/ii thai furr whisky is ptrhaps the vtty hist of 
all ('.links that a man can take."— Vide Oflicial Report on Sunday Closing 
(Ireland). 



Strachan Brothors, 'Victoria Lead 'Works, Loftus Lane. 

— In reviewing the industrial operations of Dublin, and drawing attention 
to the commercial activity of the city generally, it is but just that favourable 
mention should be made of an old. established and ihoro.!ghly representative 
concern in the manufacture of lead and its various n;id kindred accompani- 
ments. That renowned concern, familiarly known as the Victoria Lead 
Works, and bearing the old anf honoured name of Strach.in Brothers, 
maintains a reputation that cannot be surpassed. Esiablished about 
thirty-two years ago by the men whose name it still l>ears, it com- 
manded that share of success and prosperity that is always associated 
with undertakings governed by energetic and well-dis;iplined management. 
About three years ago the business passed into the hands of .Messrs. James 
Williams & Robert Woods, and under their personal supervision the 
success and reputation established by thiir predecessors have not only been 
maintained but steadily developed, until now the concern stands on as solid 
a basis as any concern of its kind in the ki igdcm. In the manufacture ol 
sheet lead, lead piping, compo and waste pii>e, plumbor's and fine solder, 
etc., the house occupies a pre-eminent position, and is destined yet to assume 
greater activity and proportions. From the very date of its origin it has 
been noted for the general reliability of all its undertakings ; and to-day 
it occupies a most unique position among houses of its kind in Iielaud. A 
wholesale trade is transacted, anjl the establishment is fully occupied, its 
manufactures finding a market with the principal buyers in Ireland. 
In the city th- establishment commands a most extensive trade among 
plumbers, gas-fitters, and general builders and contractors. To keep pace 
with the growing demands made upon their resources, the producing 
powers of the fiiiii have been fully taxeil. It may not be out of place here 
to mention that extensive alterations are l)eing made, and that the latest 
improvements in machinery for pipe making and lead rolling are being 
introduced. The premises are unusually commodious, well arranged, and 
equipped with all that nineteenth century mechanical skill and ingenuity 
can accomplish ; and this added to a large staff of capable workmen 
renders the pioducing powers of the firm equal to any in the kingdom. 
Orders are daily received from all parts, and executed with that prompti- 
tude and despatch that have ever been the characteristics of the house. 
The proprietors are gentlemen of long and varied experience, who have 
biought to bear many notable qualities on the operations o( this business. 
That they are men of no mean stability may be gathere<i from the fact 
that they also own and work one of the largest manufacturing confec- 
tionery establishments in the city, situated at Great Britain Street, and 
occupying in that thoroughfare Nos. 204, 205, and 206. This latter concern 
is one of the most eomplete in Dublin, and reflects the greatest credit on 
the enterprise and persistent application of the proprietors. Here also are 
employed many hands, so that in every respect .Messrs. Williams 4; Woods 
contribute materially towards the commercial activity of the metropolis, ami 
provide independent bread to many a home in Dublin. Mr. James Williams 
is well known as a gentleman ol the highest integrity, always an adv. cate 
of honest and str.aighlf. rward dealings, and he has in Mr. Robert Woods a 
partner who possesses all the tact and energy of a first-class business man. 



D. Pressly & Sons, Woollen Factory, Chapelizod, Co. Dublii ; 

Odice and Warehouse, 12, Lsher's (Ju.iy. — This old. established and highly 
respectable firm is one of the best known in the woollen trade in Ireland. 
Established eighty years ago, it bears a dc^e[ve<ily high character for the 
(ju.ality of its Irish friezes and tweeds, and, indee<i, for every kind ot 
w.iollen goods. Messrs. Pressly & Sons are the successors of C. Xeill 
& Sons, whose name was well known and respected in the trade some sixty 
years ago. The firm occupy commodious premises, consisting of counting- 
house and warehouses, at 12, Usher's Quay ; the factory of the firm is located 
in the charming neighbourhood of Chapelizo<l, near Castleknock, Co. 
Dublin In addition to the Irish friezes, tweeds, and woollen goods made 
by this lirm, they also largely go in for the manuf.icture of blankets and 
horse-rugs. So much depends on the successful management of a house 
like this, and so much is due to the personal characteristics of whoever 
conducts it, that it would be unfair to neglect recordi. g the fact that the 
high personal character and excellent business t.act of the members of the 
film themselves have largely contributed in stimulating its success. 



€2 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 




B. Hyam, Tailor and Gentlemen's Outfitter and Hosier, 

29 and 30, Dame Sireet. — Everybody acquainted with Dublin iiui^i lie 
familiar with the name of Mr. B. Hyam, tailor and general outii ler. uf 
Dame Street. We cannot remember the time when the name uf tiiis old- 
established hou<e seemed strange or unknown to us ; and any review of the 
great commercial houses of Dublin, however superficial, would be strangely 
incomplete where no mention 
■was made of this well-known 
and most respectable establish- 
ment. There is probably no 
other house in the city which 
has for a longer period been 
more honourably associated with 
the outfitting trade than that con- 
trolled by Mr. Hyam, or one 
which has more largely been 
patronised by the public gene- 
rally. The business was eitab- 
lished in 1S45 by Messrs. 
Moses & .Son, and soon earned 
for itself a wide popularity 
through the excellence of the 
goods it was enabled to offer to 
3ie public at exceptionally rea- 
sonable prices. Mr. B. Ilyam 
was fortunate enough, in suc- 
ceeding to the business in 1848, 
to be able not only to retain the 
valuable and extensive custom 
the house then was possessed 
of, but also, through his own 
admirable business tact ^nd 
capability, to increase that con- 
nection to an enormous extent. 
Starting in business with the 
set purpose of developing the 
resources of the establishment, 
Mr. Hyam wisely took the course 
of catering for the wants and re- 
quirements of the middle classes, 
although his trade at present is 
by no means confined thereto. 
With a faith, that has been fully 
justified, in the value of "a full 
advertisement, "helost no chance 
of letting the country know what 
he had to ofier to the public, 
not only through the medium 
of the Dublin and provincial 
press, but even on the dead 
walls and disused buildings of 
the metropolis. -Mr. Hyam's es- 
tablishment is situated at 29 and 
30, Dame Street, where it occu- 
pies premises of a verj' extensive 
nature. The exterior of the es- 
tablishment is handsome and at- 
tractive, rendering the house an 
object of interest in a sireet re- 
markable for the importance and often the magnificence of its commercial 
architecture. The interior of the hou-e is fully able to sustain and fortify 
the favourable impression formed by the visitor, the fittings and arrange- 
ments being conceived in the best possible taste and with the greatest 
judgment, having regard to the effective display of its attractive stocks 
and general suitability for the particular line of business transacted. The 
house is fitted with lofty and spacious g.alleries, and warehouses completely 
stocked with a grand and varied assortment of ready-made suits, and 
law materials, which for excellence, apparent durability, fashionable 
manufacture, and moderate scale of charges, will compare with that 



"^- ^ '" "^' '^^r yr tt--vi tY T'M'-r-i n 'h n ^"^-^'^ffi 




iz: 



James Danne, Boot and Shoe Mannfacturor, 32, Stafford 

Street. — 1 iic i..../'.inakin^; cstabli^mieiil ul I. Dunne has a fine position in 
the city for his particular line of business, h is situated at the junction of 
Stafford Street with Mary Sireet, and close to the great business thorough- 
fares of Great Britain, Upper Abbey, and Capi.1 Streets, from which localities 
Mr. Dunne procures a fair share of orders, besides the trade of his own 
immciiiale locality. The house was opened in its present line about 1867. 
Imf«>rtefi goods, and cheap productions of the articles, have of late years been 
largely introduced into the city ; he, however, apjK-ars to hold his own well 
agamst such competition. Higher rates of prices must necessarily be charged 
for honiL work of undoubted material, than for such goods as those referred 
to ; still the firm under notice was never in a more prosperous and flourishing 
condition, which fact speaks eIo(|uently for the jmblic appreciation of the 
celebrated manufacture of this cmmenl firm. The proprietor is a thoroughly 
cx|ierienccd workman himself, has ha.l long experience of h^gh.class work in 
the trade, and jiL-rionally looks after the general superintendence of his 
flourishing business. 



of any house in the three kingdoms. We have mentioned that Mr. 
Hyam does a large and imporl.-inl trade; how large that trade is will be 
understood from the significant fact that to carry it on as it is, he has to 
employ ne.arly half a hundred hands. All the assistants have been most 
carefully selected with a view to their fitness for that branch of the 
business in which they are engaged, particular care and attention having 

been paid to the selection of the 
various cutters, Mr. Hyam being 
fully aware of the importance of 
having none but the best men in 
this department. The ready- 
made stock, which is of a most 
exhaustive description, includes 
gentlemen's morning and walk- 
ing coats in all the newest styles, 
made from plain or fancy cloths, 
double and single-bteasted, at 
prices varying from 20s. to £2 5?. 
Suits for the season, of a cheap 
yet duralile character, at very 
low prices, and admirably suited, 
we should say, for the use of ser- 
vants and others, made of strong 
tweeds in a great variety of pat- 
terns, from 30J. to ^2 10s. ; and 
suits for business, shooting, fish- 
ing, or travelling, all of a su- 
perior quality and at strictly 
moderate prices. In the juvenile 
department of dress Mr. Hyam 
has long been without a rival, 
hiscomprehensivcsupplyofboys' 
and children's suits having won 
for him a reputation all over the 
country. These suils are of a 
price which brings them within 
tile reach of all, the several 
shapes as now worn being as 
low as 4s. 6d., and going as high 
as 20s. or 30J. Suits of clothes 
suitable to boys more advanced 
in age are equally moderate in 
proportion, extending from 12/. 
61/. and l6.f. bJ. to 30/. and ^2. 
His order department is replete 
with all the novelties of the sea- 
son in suitings, trouserings, coat- 
ings, etc., from which he makes 
to order suits from 42A, trousers 
from 13X., coats and vests from 
37.t. 6d. upwards. In the matter 
of hosiery .Mr. Hyam docs a very 
large business, and extensive 
s'.ocks are held by him, em- 
bracing every description and 
quality of these goods. Half- 
hose, drawers, and under-vests, 
all will be found, and at most 
moderate prices, considering 
their superior quality and manufacture. Gentlemen's shirts of white 
longcloth, with linen fillings ; fancy cambrics of the newest patterns ; 
flannels in great variety ; and cuffs, collars, scarves, and ties, all go 
to make up one of the most complete outfitting slocks of articles lor 
the use of gentlemen that has come under our notice. Mr. Hyam is 
extremely popular among .ill classes of his customers, and by his civility 
and courtesy has done much to merit for liis house the large patronage 
it has received. No man is better liked or more highly respected for 
his many commendable qualities, and for his honourable method of 
conducting his house. 



William Hicks, Caljinet and Chair Maker, 2, Farrell's 

Court. -The manuf.ictory of Mr. William Hicks is one of considerable 
note and high reputation in connection with the cabinet-making industry 
that flourishes in ihe metroimlis. The factory is centrally situated in the 
best business p.art of the city in Farrell's Court. The premises are very 
extensive, and well adapted and arranged for the nianufaclure carried on. 
A large number of workmen are here employed in the diflerent processes 
of the work in the manufacture of c.ibnet-making and chair-making, and 
in the renovating and repolishing of all kinds of household furniture, and 
in restoring articles of the antique furniture class. As a proof of excellence, 
Mr. Hicks took a gold prize medal at Dublin Kxhibiti' n in 18S2, and first 
prize of merit at the Exhibition of 18S5. The firm occupies a leading place 
in the estimation of .an appreciative public. Its opera'.uins are of enor- 
mous dimensions, the firm being largely p.atronised by the wholesale trade 
in city and country, and a large local retail Ir.ade is attached. The goods 
manufactured are turned out in r.uper or woods made in highest artistic style 
of workmanship, and have gained a high reputation in the market. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



63 



Francis Falkner. Wine Merchant, 83, Gtadon Street, nn<I 
36, Dawson Sireet, Dul>lin. — This eminunt Ijiisinoss house lays claim to 
having been established for over a century. The firm's establishments in 
Dublin number two, one being situated in draft on .Street, the other in Dawson 
.Street. The I.cmrion house is at 2, Charing Cross Vaults, Coekspur Street, 
anil is well known to the people of the West End of London. It is rather 
with the Dublin branch of the Messrs. Falkner's firm that we are at present 
more immediately concerned. Dublin numbers many businesses of similar 
import, but the student of the leading commercial features of the Irish metro- 
polis will find very few which, for repute, for extended connection, ami for a 
past stretching bad; into the last centur)', will compare with the subject of 
this sketch. We may note that the Messrs. I'alkner have not lacked ade- 
quate recognition of their merits. Indeed, the recognitions which must have 
been accorded them are the fullest testimony to the high character of their 
house, and obviate the necessity of aught save their bare recital. The Messrs. 
Falkner have a reputation as bonders and blenders of that most excellent and 
cheering spirit, Irish whisky. That their whisky must be of an altogether 
'unsurp.^s^able excellence is proved by the following honours list :— rin New 
Zealand (Christchurch), the linn, in 18S2, carried off the gold medal and 
diploma. In Amsterdam, a year later, we find the Falkner whisky 
carrying otT the silver medal and diploma, and this, it may be mentioned, 
■was the highest award. At the Calcutta Exhibition of 1S83-4, the gold 
medal and diploma fell to the Grafton Street firm : and at Boston the 
firm were equally successful in that they won, in the face of the most 
strenuous competition, the gold medal and the di|)loma, these, as we 
have said before, being the highest awards which the ditTercnt juries were 
empowered to confer. To enumerate the striking success which the 
Falkner whiskies have at different times obtained would be a tedious task. 
Suffice it to say that in addition to the above highly commendable list of 
honours gained f'oiir k mhite, this firm can boast of three other gold 
medals, from London, Antwerp, and Paris respectively. This we have no 
^esitation in declaring to be a remarkable record, especially as it has been 
made in the teeth of the severe competition and rivalry of other firms of 
known standing and approved reputation. Ijke all firms which are 
solicitous to maintain a character for fair dealing, the Messrs. Falkner 
issue a net cash price list, which is, and should be to the careful housewife, 
ver)' interesting reading. It is manifest that the Messrs. F.ilkner are 
ambitious of combining excellence with cheapness, for some of the prices 
quoted, considered in the light of the singular excellence of the goods, 
strike us as being very low indeed. Among other goods to which pro- 
minence of statement is given, we note Ceylon teas. Mr. Falkner has 
been quick to suit, and even to anticipate, the public taste in providing his 
customers with so liberal a v,iriety of Ceylon teas, drawn, we doubt not, 
from the verj' best plantations. Indeed, his general stock of teas is one 
of the finest in the city. Mr. Falkner, however, has cast his net wider, 
and affords intending purchasers a wide assortment of the delicious 
"teas of Ceylon to select from. We observe in the list the delicious 
Gallibode, than which, now th.at China teas have so sadly fallen off in 
merit and consequently in public esteem, it would be difficult to find a 
■tea which in every respect more fully satisfies the exigent demand of the 
iconnoisseurs in tea. Going on our way through Mr. Falkner's price list 
we note many other features of his trade which well deserve commenda- 
.tion. We are especially struck with the arrangements which Mr. Falkner 
has made for the comfort of his customers and the expeditious despatch of 
all orders that may be sent him. lie delivers free three times a week 
within a radius of ten miles round Dublin, his smart .and well-horsed traps 
going out as far as Bray, Howth, and other places lying at distances more 
or less considerable from the metroiiolis. Mr. Falkner has established a 
system of deposit accounts at his two business houses in Dublin, which we 
consider to be both valuable in principle and extremely handy and 
workable in application. Sums of ^5 and upwards will be placed to a 
■customer's credit, and goods supplied .against same as required. This 
arrangement is of the very handiest description to country clients who, 
when sending up their orders to Mr. Falkner, may not always have their 
cheque-book near, or a post-office convenient at which they may obtain the 
necessary postal order. Mr. Falkner has a graduated scale for the free 
delivery of goods at distances from Dublin. Thus, orders value £\ are 
delivered free of charge to any goods station within fifty miles of Dublin ; 
value £,2 to within a hundred miles ; and value ;f 3 to any goods station 
in Ireland. This is an excellent and ingenious system, and to it may 
undoubtedly be traced a large share of that extensive country patronage 
which Mr. Falkner receives. Mr. Falkner is wine merchant by 
appointment to the Imperial Court of Austria ; an honour which, great as 
it is, has been unquestionably deserved. 



Pearse & Sharp, Scnlptors, 27, Great Brunswick Street.— The 
tlotable establishment of .Messrs. I'earse & Sharp has certainly lost no 
time in establishing the reputation of being one of the first houses of its 
kind in the city. It is not more than a decade of years back since the two 
gentlemen who still so skilfully guide its course opened in a small way the 
business of architectural and ecclesiastical sculptors, and since that time 
its sphere of utility has gradually widened out, its credit steadily increased, 
until it took up its present prominent position. The premises, which have 
. been five times enlarged during those ten years, are situated at 27, Great 
Brunswick Street, and I55 and 156, Townsend .Street. They are com- 
posed of a sales-room, several large exhibition rooms, and numerous work- 



shops and worklofis. The machinery for polishing and turning, etc., it 
all of the latest design, and is liiii-d up with the moit recent inventionit. 
In the workshops and lofts from forty to fifty hands are continuously 
employed, and the major portion of these are really skilful and educated 
artists, some halfclo/en of whom are continually em|7l<iyed at figure 
carving, and about double that number can be seen busily engaged at 
the foliage carving in all its branches and various materials, and the 
rcmaineler at stone cutting, polishing, etc. There is no part of the country 
you can travel that you will not find work from this establishment, notably 
in the Roman Catholic churches, in which they have erected, within the 
past few years, some three hundred marble and stone altars, besides 
numerous pulpits, communion rails, fonts, mural tablets, etc. The t)eauly 
and artistic taste displayed in these works could not be surpassed. The 
large number of testimonials from bishops and priests, etc., which we have 
inspected, is a solid proof of the satisfaction which their work has given. 
We have also noticed a number of most favourable comments on their 
works by the leading newspapers in the country. By this firm have been 
made mjst of the altars, pulpits, fonts, and tablets to be seen in Dublin 
churches, while specimens of^ their work may be observed on all sides, 
both in .Mount Jerome and Glasncvin cemeteries. 



■Wm. Brunton & Co., TJpholsterers and Cabinet Mann- 

faoturers, 43, Henry Street. — The art of cabinet-making is one that has 
experienced a very considerable revival in these countries within the last 
twenty years, a greater taste being shown, and a higher grade of workman- 
ship being obtained, than was in many cases procurable during the decade 
or so preceding it. We are led to the consideration of this subject in 
dealing with the cabinet-making and upholstering establishment of Messrs. 
Brunton & Co., of Henry Street, who rank among the most prominent 
houses in this line in Dublin. The specimens of the art of cibinet-makiog 
now on inspection at their premises are in every way admirable examples 
of what skilled Labour, directed by good taste and sound judgment, can 
accomplish. Established about the year 1S57, the house of Crunton & Co. 
has always held a foremost place among houses in this line of business, 
not merely owing to the artistic character of their productions, but also to 
their sound and superior workmanship. It is particularly owing to the 
durability of goods of this class that we are enabled, after so many years 
have come and gone, to admire the other exquisite attributes in what we 
mistakenly term antique furniture, but what is really merely some one or 
two centuries old. For this quality the productions of Messrs. Brunton 
& Co. are noted. The house occupies exceedingly handsome premises in 
Henry Street, which have been rebuilt and fitted with all the very latest 
conveniences for the comfort of their customers — their forethought even 
e.\tending to the providing of that modern convenience, the "lift," whereby 
we need not tire ourselves with ascent or descent of stairs, but can be most 
comfortably "lifted" from one floor to another. The premises contain a 
most admirable stock of modern furniture, mostly of Irish make, although 
to satisfy the t.astes of all their customers the firm import a large quantity of 
French and other foreign goods. The artistic class is well represented in 
a choice assortment of ebonised and gold " Early English " furniture, 
cabinets, book-shelves, brackets, and whatnots, all in very excellent taste 
and displaying consiicrable purity of design. Besides what we may term 
tjhe purely fancy furniture, the firm also has an extensive supply of the more 
substantial and necessary articles, such as dining-room and bedroom suites, 
including a re.illy fine collection of iron and brass bedsteads, hair and 
spring mattresses, etc., as well as other articles necessary in the complete 
furnishing of a house. The firm has also wisely added a carpet depart- 
ment, which will be found supplied with an admirable and comprehensive 
selection of high-class carpets and rugs, many being of the greatest beauty 
of design. No house in Dublin more thoroughly deserves the extensive 
patronage it has received, or has done more towards a sound and healthy 
revival in all that is good in the furniture trade. 



William Hogan, Tea, Wine, and Spirit merchant, 

2 and 3, Wexl'oid Sireet. — This prominent concern in connection with the 
tea, wine, and spirit trade is one of the oldest establishments in the city, it 
being now one hundred years in existence. It h.as had a most successful 
career. The present proprietor is only a few months in possession of the 
concern, his immediate predecessor having been .Mr. John Doyle, T.C. 
The house is situated in that splendid business thoroughfare, Wexford 
Street, and in the centre of a most prosperous .and |x>pulous locality. The 
premises are extensive, having a frontage of forty feet .and a depth of si.\iy 
feet, and arc formed of two extensive three-storeyed buildings. There is a 
splendid stock here displayed, including John Jameson & Son's renowned 
si.x-year-old whisky, with several productions from the leading city and 
provincial distilleries, including George Rowc & Co.'sand J. Power &' .Son's 
famous brands ; port, sherry, Malaga, and claret wines, brandies, cham- 
pagnes, gin, cordials, liqueurs, aerated waters, etc. ; Bass & Co.'s and 
Allsopp & Co.'s celebrated ales in wood and bottle, and the renowned Dutilin 
stout .and porter, the brewings of the celebrated firm, Guinness 4 Co., 
Limited. The entire business is under the efficient superintendence of the 
proprietor, a gentleman of long experience and undoubted business capa- 
bilities, and who is eminently ad.apted to fill the important position he 
holds in connection with a firm of such old and honourable traditions. 



64 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



W.& H.M. Goulding, Limited, Mantire Manufacturers, 

25, Eden Quay, Dublin. — It was a celebrated writer, and a native of 
Dublin, who said that " Whoever could make two blades of grass or two 
ears of com to grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew befi>re 
would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his 
country, than the whole race of politicians put together." As the visitor 
to Dublin sails up the splendid bay, and enters the LifTey, he sees on his 
right hand, in large while letters, the words " Goulding's Manure Works" 
painted upon the walls of one of their enormous acid chambers. Here 
the celebrated manures of this will-known firm are manufactured an<l 
stored. These works are fitted with all the latest improvements, both for 
the manufacture of sulphuric acid and the manipulating and compounding 
of their various qualities of fertilisers for home and abroad. The machinery 
for crushing and grinding 
the bones and phosphate 
used in their manufactures 
is of the most complete 
description, and enables the 
material to be reduced to 
the most impalpable powder, 
which is of the first import- 
ance in a well-made manure. 
Attached to the works is a 
spacious laboralor)- complete 
in ever)' detail, where the 
different ingredients are 
examined by the chemical 
staff, and where each mixing 
of the manufactured article 
is submitted to analysis, and 
duly certified before being 

sent out. The long experience of the firm, supported by actual tests made 
with different materials on the experiment grounds of the managing director, 
Mr. W. J. Goulding, has enabled the company so to combine the different 
qualities of materials, as to yield to the crop to which it is applied, a steady 
and continuous supply of available plant food from start to finish. The per- 
centage of (he different fertilising ingredients, based upon the ash constituents 
of the different crops, is arranged with scientific accuracy, and ensures to the 
farmer a remunerative increase of yield which has caused Goulding's brand 
of manures to take first place among the manufactures of the world. The 
works are most conveniently situated, enabling the company to bring 
steamers of 3,000 tons burden close to their stores, while a special siding 
connected with the three principal railways in Ireland, enables the manure 
to be loaded direct into railway waggons for delivery. The factory is con- 
nected by a private telephone wire with the offices of the firm, where the 
chairman and manager, Mr. W. J. Goulding, supported by a large staff of 
officials, directs the business of the company, both in Dublin, and its 
branches at Cork, Waterford, and Baltimore, U.S.A., besides the agencies 




COULOINCS MANURE WORKS 

WMC CLEM,CCRK« 

£BANCH WOSES— GRACEDIEU 



of the firm, which number over 1,000 in the United Kingdom, the Continent, 
America, and New Zealand. Though, from the completeness of their 
factories, the work is largely performed by machineiy, the (irm give em- 
ployment to upwards of 300 hanils, and are by far the largest and most 
important manure company in Ireland, and second to none in the United 
Kingdom. Messrs. Goulding were the first to send a cargo of manures 
into the United Stales, where a large and ever-increasing trade in 
chemical manures is now being done, and where the well-known Gould- 
ing's manure still commands the first place in the markets. Compared 
with some other countries, the agriculture of Ireland is behind in 
scientific farming and the judicious use of chemical manures. In some 
measure this can be accounted for by the greater poverty of the farmers of 
Ireland, which prevents them from using manures with a liberal hand, but 

it is also due to the want 
of a practical knowledge 
of agricultural chemistry to 
enable them to discriminate 
as to what manures they 
should apply, and to take 
quality into account as well 
as cheapness. In supplying 
tliis w.-int Messrs. Goulding 
have been the pioneers. 
Their "Useful Book for 
Farmers," published yearly, 
contains numberless hints of 
great value, while the know- 
ledge it imparts in agricul- 
tural subjects has been so 
much appreciated that their 
pamphlet has been adopted 
as a text-book by several teachers of agricultural chemistry throughout 
the country. No less than 60,000 of these practical and useful text-books 
are circulated gratis each year by the firm through their numerous agents, 
and a copy is forwarded post free to any one, on application at the head 
office of the company, 25, Eden Quay, Dublin. Chemical manures of 
good quality are capable of increasing the yield of crops in the United 
Kingdom to an enormous extent ; and while the number of manufacturers 
has been multiplied until there is at present an actual over-production, 
the demand for Goulding's manure is ever on the increase. From the fact 
that the firm have gained no less than twenty-seven gold medals and 
certificates of merit at home and abroad, and over 160,000 testimonials 
from farmers who have used their manures, it may be said with truth, that 
in these countries Goulding's manure is a household word ; and that by 
the enterprise of its management, and the genuine merit of its manufacture, 
the firm of W. & H. M. Goulding, Limited, now established for over 
thirty-two years, is one of those industries which in Ireland is more than 
able to hold its own. 



£gULOINC's MANURE WCP.xa 

IIOBTH wuuiium.iN. 
WATERFOfiD, AND SINGLANOS, LIMERICK. 



B. J. Murphy & Co., Cork Merchants, Importers and 

CcmmlSKion Agents, m, .Middle Abbey Street. — One of the largest 
and must nupurtanl liuuses in Ireland connected with the great cork manu- 
facturing industry is that of Messrs. Murphy & Co., who occupy extensive 
and commodious premises at the above address, anil who are the sole 
importers of cork-wood in Ireland. Estatilished so long ago as 1830, this 
old and highly respectable firm have long been the most popular importers 
and manufacturers of corks in this coun.ry, having, during the eight-and- 
fifty years of their highly successful commerci.al career, formed a connection 
of the most extensive and influential character among the principal wine 
merchants and other bottling houses throughout the country. The business 
of the house is almost entirely wholesale, some of its transactions being of 
great magnitude and extent. Extensive and widespread as the fame of the 
house is in Ireland, it does not rest here, but has also penetrated to Knghand 
and countries further off than England, such as America and Australia, to 
which two latter countries the house exports large quantities of its goods. 
It would take whole images (where we can only afford lines) to present with 
any adequate completeness the nature of the operations, the extent of the 

f (remises, or the colossal character of the contracts taken on by the estab- 
ishment To convey some idea of the independent character of their 
trade, wc may, however, just mention that they have one or two steamers 
arriving every month, besides sailing vessels, with their extensive cargoes 
of cork-wood. Messrs. R. J. Murphy & Co. arc also commission agents 
in a very extensive «.ay, being the sole agents in Ireland for the following 
distinguished Continental firms : Messrs. Uoubec Freres, Bordeaux ; G. H. 
Dclaforce, Oporto; J. W. Burdon, Port St. Mary's; Piperlleidsieck, 
Rhcims ; Dc Neuvilie & Co., .Saumur ; Poulet, Pcrc ct Fils, lieaune ; 
Giglio & Faraone, Palermo; and Messrs. Ilenriques & I^wton, Madeira. 
The city of Dublin has every reason to be proud in numbering among her 
commercial houses so distinguished and represent.ative a firm, which for 
over half a centur>' has honourably been associated with this important 
industry, reflecting alike credit on itself and the tr.ade with which it is 
connected. Spice will not allow a descri|)tion of the ])rocess followed in 
the manufacture of cork-wood into the familiar articles of use with which 
we arc all so well acquainted. Wc can, however, with perfect truth assure 
our readers that no conception can be formeil from a sketch like this of the 
magnitude and importance of such a house as that of Messrs. .Murjihy & Co. 
There is no house in Dublin, no matter what the line of business, that 
takes hi(;hcr rank in commercial circles, or whose excellent management 



has excited wider admiration among all classes of the mercantile coni« 
munity. Mr. R. J. Murphy, the senior partner, resides at Woodpark, 
Kingstown, is a county magistrate, and is chairman of the Kingstown 
Town Commissioners, and one of the most popular public men in Dublin. 



Galvin Bros., 'Wholesale and Family Grocers, 'Wine^ 
and Spirit Merchants, i-9. ijO, ^nd 131, Capel Street. — .\mong the 
foremost houses in Dublin connected witli the wholesale and family grocery 
trade, the above-named establishment must be allowed to take a prominent 
place, not only on account of the antiquity of its origin, but also of its 
commercial importance. The house was established inoie than a hundred 
years ago. The premises occupied by the firm are most spacious, being 
composed of three houses in one block respectively numbered 129, 130, and 
131, Capel Street. The arrangement of ihis large building as a business 
emporium is altogether admirable, the whole being handsomely and most 
elTectively fitted up in accordance with the rules and canons of modern 
taste. In the decoration of the house the greatest and most unusual pains 
have been taken and no expense sjiared in jirocuring the best work to be 
had for money, the services of the eminent ])ainter Mr. Grey, one of the 
well-known tamily of that name, all of whom are members of the Royal 
Hibernian Academy, having been called in, and to whose rare artistic skill 
the house owes the eight handsome pictures of Irish scenery which adorn 
its walls. These arc representations of the famous Scalp at Bray, Bray 
River, The Stven Churches, County Wicklow, Muckross .-Mtbey, County 
Kerry, The Round Tower, The .St.ag at Bay, and Upper ami Lower Lake, 
Killarney, and are valued by experts at little under /500. The present 
l)rn|)rietors have spent altogether on the improvement, decoration, and 
general fitting out of their eslablishment alout JC7,ooo. In the laying in of 
their stock the Messrs. Galvin have been no less painstaking than in the 
adornment of their house. The establishment will be found well supplied 
with an extensive arr.iy of .all articles of grocery, including teas, coffees, cocoa, 
chocolates, sugar, spices, etc., of the jmrest quality. For the excellence of 
their tea, Messrs. Galvin have long borne a wides]Mead reputation. The 
stock of wines which fills the extensive and well-designed cellars of the 
establishment is equally pcifect. Besides the articles we have cursorily 
mentioned, the firm deals in preserved mcils, pickles, sauces, elc , and all 
those other articles of jiurely modern invention. In business circles both 
members of this firm enjoy a high and stable reputation for their business 
capacity and enterprising spirit. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



6S 



Keruan Ac Co., Mineral Water Manufacturers, !^S and 

89, Lower Camden Street.— The hij^lily respectable tirm which forms the 
suliject of our present notice h.is been long established, being the oldest but 
one in its line in Ireland, and has for many years enjoyed the rcpiilalion o( 
being one of the first in that important branch of trade connected with the 
manuf.icturc of mineral and aerated waters. I he head uf the firm, .Mr. Michl. 
Keriian, is a gentleman well known in prominent political anil municipal 
circles, having for a number of years represented with ilistinction the Wood 
Quay Ward in the Court of Aldermen, and has on more than one occasion 
refused the honourable [wsition of Lord Mayor, offered to him by the 
Municipal Council for the city, .ind during the imprisonment in Tullamore 
Jail of Lord Mayor T. W. Sullivan, M.I'., and the illness of his successor, 
as well as on various other occasions, fil'ed the i>ost of Chief Magistrate as 
t<Kum ttruns. The 
premises occupied by 
this celebrated house 
are of very great ex- 
tent, being, we have 
no hesitation in say- 
ing, the largest works 
of the kind in Ireland. 
The trade in mineral 
water manufacture is 
a very important one, 
giving employment to 
a large number of per- 
sons, and has certainly 
to be taken very 
largely into account 
in estimating the com- 
mercial and industri.il 
wealth of the country. 
It is one of compara- 
tively recent growth, 
the greatest develop- 
ment having certainly 
taken place within the 
last half-century, and 
promises, as far as one 
can judge, consider- 
able further expansion 
in the future. The 

idea of conveying on paper a correct impression of the extent of Alderman 
Kernan's busintss is hopeless ; but some impression maybe conveyed to the 
reader's mind when we slate that the factory in Camden Street covers an area 
of about four acres, .ind that he employs as many as sixty or seventy hands in 
carryingon his business. These extensive premisesare fitted in the most appro- 
priate manner, and supplied \vith all the most modem appliances for the manu- 
facture of the various kinds of mineral water made by the firm. The trade 
done by the house is wholesale, and enormous ; a large business being done 
all over Ireland, where the fame and reputation of the house as manufacturers 
of first-class mineral waters is widespread and general. As an employer of 
labour Alderman Kcraan ranks among the foremost in Dublin, having long 
borne the character of a just and generous one, who is always ready to con- 
sult the interests of the large number of assistants who are engaged in his 



:i^^M.§ e^j 



y 

4? 




MiiiBaAi WAT B as 



service. Almost from the inc.-plion of the house it has borne the highest 
reputation for the quality of its goods, and this goo<l name, which has not 
been idly or undeservedly cirncd, it has tx.'en the ambition of the enter- 
prising and respected proprietor to fully maintain, unimpaired and un. 
dimiidshed, down to the present moment. Mow fully .\lderman Kernan 
has accomplished this highly laudable purpose, it is only necessary to look 
at the present prosperous condition of his establishment, to recognise ; it 
occupying as high, if not a higher, pr>sition in the trade to-day as it has 
done at any time during its successful career, now close on fifty years. The 
eminent position of the house speaks highly, and in eloquent tongue, for the 
enterprise and business capacity of tne gentleman who has guided its 
destinies for so many years, and to whose business Lict and fine manage- 
ment it owes the undoubtedly brilliant position it occupies as a firstclais 

house of business. 
The various mineral 
waters manufactured 
by .Messrs. Kcman 4 
Co. are of very high 
quality, and have se- 
cured a large share 
of popularity wher- 
ever they have been 
intrrxluced, fearlessly 
bearing comparison 
with the manufactures 
of other houses, either 
home or foreign, and 
keeping fully abreast 
of all competitors for 
the public favour. At 
the Dublin Exhibition 
of 1S82, the only oc- 
casion on which they 
exhibited theirwaters, 
they were the only 
firm which received 
the gold medal for 
special excellence of 
manufacture. These 
waters include all the 
most favourite waters 
largely in use, such 
as soda, lemonade, Feltzer, lithia, kali, or potass, and a number of others 
too many to be enumerated, but which are doubtless familiar to our readers. 
In politics. Alderman Kernan has played a prominent part during the 
troubled period we have passed, and are now passing through, and has 
earned the respect and esteem of all alike, political opponents as well as 
friends. A strong and ardent Nationalist, he has always been well to 
the front in the various political struggles that from time to time have 
taken place, and is as a tower of strength to the national cause in the city 
councils. Among the great commercial and manufacturing houses of which 
Dublin is so justly proud, there is none which bears a higher name than 
that of Kernan & Co. ; while the strict and honourable integrity of his 
character, as displayed in all his business relations, has earned for its chief 
the respect and admiration of all who know him. 



iL\£a 



Mr, P. O'Beilly, Manufacturer of Plain and Fancy 
Chip and Cardboard Boxes, 64, Great Strand Street. — For over forty 
year,^ the well-known and highly respectable estalilishn.ent in Great .Strand 
Street has been honourably associated with the production or manufacture 
of plain and fancy chip and cardboard boxes ; a trade which has always 
been an important and thriving one, and which gives employment to 
thousands of workpeople over the three kingdoms during the course of the 
year. Established about 1S48, Mr. O'Keilly soon won for himself a pro- 
minent position in the trade by the excellent quality of the goods his house 
was turning out ; and the old reputation thus honourably achieved Mr. 
O'Reilly has succeeded in maintaining down to the present period, un- 
blemished and unimpaired. The ver)' extensive house, and works con- 
nected with it, occupy large and important premises at 64, Great Strand 
Street, which are admirably arranged, from a structural point of view, and 
supplied with every modern appliance and convenience suitable to the 
nature and extensive character of the business carried on. The steam 
machinery used by the house is very valuable, representing thousands of 
pounds, and is of a most ingenious and admirable character, as applied to 
the production of those articles in whose manufacture the house is engaged. 
The business is principally wholesale, all the goods being generally made 
to order, the latter comprising all those varieties of boxes made out of the 
thinnest wood, or " chi)i," and cardboard. The house docs a most ex- 
tensive trade throughout the whole of Ireland, in supplying articles of the 
former description to milliners, wholesale drapers, and hitters, for the 
package of bonnets, hats, mantles, or costumes. These boxes, which in 
their manufacture engage sever.al hands, passing from one to another until 
each is finished, are composed of wood cut down by machinery to a 
thinness considerably greater than many descriptions of cardboard, and 
■which process is accomplished by means of steam saws, such as are used 
in cutting veneers of mahogany, rosewood, etc., for cabinet making 
purposes. The wood thus prepared is cut to the required shape by one 
■workman, folded together by a second, and so on until it is finally bound 



together by means of a thin covering of paper pasted over its surface, and 
which serves to keep the entire box to^'ther. Mr. O'Keilly also manu- 
factures shirt and collar boxes, jewellery, bride-cake, and drapers' stock 
boxes ; all which latter class of goods are not composed of the chip or thin 
wood, but of a h ghly glazed surfaced cardlxiard, and are generally m.ade 
either of a plain or fancy pattern. The bride-cake boxes, those pretty 
little white cardboard tntles, in which a microscopic piece of plum cake 
and a few crumbs of almond-sugar lie modestly hid, blushing at the sense 
of their own insignificance, under an elaborate covering of lace-paper — are 
gener.ally of the fancy sort, and some of them are extremely pretty and 
tasteful in design. Of late years, the general introduction of cig.arette 
smoking gave a distinct impetus to this trade, by the demand made upotj 
it for the production of cigarette boxes, from those capable of holding a 
gross to those which only hold half-a-dozen. Mr. O'Keilly is a large 
employer, utilising the services of at least thirty-five hands in his very 
important works. The machinery department at Mr. O'Reilly's works 
is well worth a visit from those mterested in the subject, comprising as 
it does all the latest and most ingenious improvements for the substitution 
or assistance of manual lal)Our. The establishment over which .Mr. 
O'Keilly has now presided with success for f rty years and upwards, be.ars 
the very highest character for the superiority of quality and workmanship 
of the goods it produces, and has been fortunate enough to secure a most 
considerable amount of patronage from the various trades requiring boxes 
for the storage or packing of their goods. The goods supplied are not 
merely well made and highly finished, but they also possess a strength 
.and durability often conspicuously absent in this description of manu- 
factured article. It is, therefore, not a matter for surprise that this old 
established and highly respectable house, by closely adhering to the 
principle which, at its inception, had to so large an extent a share in the 
building of its fortunes, should have successfully retained its hold on the 
favour of the trading community, among whom the greater part of its 
business connection lies. 



66 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



McBiraey & Co., Iiimited, General Warehousemen, 

Hibernian House, Aston Quay, Dublin. — Tliu history of nnHlcrn mercantile 
enterprise has no more striking example of wcll-directeJ energies and 
commercial skill than is to be seen in the career of such a thoroughly 
representative Dublin establishment as that of Messrs. McBirney & Co., 
Limited. H.alf a century h,as rolled by since the foundation of this extensive 
concern w.is laid, and during the intervening years it has steadily developed 
the field of its operations and kept pace with the growing demands of a 
critical public. A record such as that possessed by this establishment is 
crediL-ible alike to its founders and to the intelligent cooimunity wherein 
such things are possible. It was in the year 1S3S that the corner stone 
of this popular business house was laid by Mr. David McBirney and Mr. 
Robert Going CoUis, gentlemen whose names will be honourably associated 
with the establishment wliile it plays such an important part in the com- 
mercial activity of Ireland's metropolis. From the very date of its 
inception the concern commanded an influential place in mercantile circles, 
and under the far-sighted judgment of the founders it soon became the 
recofmised emporium for the most desirable class of the purchasing public. 
Yea? by year the business developed and the prosperity of the house 
increased. In 1S66 Mr. Collis retired, and to meet the growing and 
extraordinar)* demands made upon the resources of the concern it was 



mony to the excellence and superiority of every article in which they tr,-\de. 
But this is not all. The house possesses many other noteworthy depart- 
ments, such as that devoted to ladies' costumes, embroidery, lace, muslins, 
haberdashery, gloves, etc. Each of these is completely stocked with the 
finest imported and home-made goods in all the latest and most fashionable 
colours, all of which are sold at prices compatible with quality and fair 
dealing. The chief distinctive feature of the establishment is the superior 
quality and immense variety of everything kept in stock. In a word, the 
entire depot is replete with every convenience suggested by long and 
patient experience as calculated to facilitate the conduct of a great and 
important mercantile enterprise. A department devoted to the sale of 
carpets, curtains, and other requisites for house furnishing contains a 
stock which is most comprehensive in variety and style, and of the most 
artistic description. In the extensive, well-lighted show-rooms may be seen 
the latest jiroiUictions of the loom, home and foreign, and it is worthy of 
remark that the goods turned out by this firm combine the prime qualities 
of sound material, conscientious workmanship, fine finish, strength, and 
durability. The boot and shoe department is another feature of this won- 
derful emporium of mercantile activity. It is only necessary to point out 
that several large manufacturers throughout England and Ireland are 
engaged in supplying this firm, while they are constantly importing from 




thought advisable to float it into a limited company in 1873, and In this 
pfjsition it remains up to the present. The impetus and encour.igement 
civcn to the development of Ireland's only manufacture worthy of the name 
By the establishment of this enterprising firm — so popularly well known at 
home and abroad as the Ililjernian House, pre-eminently distinguisheil, 
in fact unrivalled from its commencement and noted for its m.agnificent 
selection and splendid stock of Irish linens — deserves the higliest eulogium. 
In encouraging the manufacture of this most important branch of Irish in- 
dustry, and indeed promoting every other interest that might stimulate the 
arts and manufacture of our country, the firm under review has alwiys been 
first in the field with the sinews o( war. It is no wonder therefore that the 
hou.sc has gained a world-wide notoriety for the superiority of its Irish 
linen goods. Justice wouhl not be done to the extensive operations and 
general enterprise and activity of the concern, if favourable mention were 
not ma'le of the encouragement given by the house to the manufacture 
and sale of Irish woollen gofids. Indeed it may be safely slated that it 
stands pre-eminently among the first firms in Ireland in this particular 
department. There is not a manufacturer of any repute or prominence in 
the kingdom that is not acquainted with McHimey's in warehousing woollen 
goods, while the greatest credit is due to them from the fact that they pro- 
mote and encourage in every way native industry. The stock is the most 
striking proof of their enterprise, and many an Irish home can bear tcsli- 



Continental countries, such as Fr.ance and Germany, in large quaiilities, 
goods of a lighter and more delicate character. With a view to satisfying 
the demanil for home-made goods, the firm have recently established a 
factory for the manufacture of gentlemen's, youths', and boys' clothing, in 
Aston's Place, contiguous to their warehouse. The iireimses, which are weU 
adapted for the purpose, are (ilteil with the newest and best machinery, 
and are most commodious and well ventilated. From this busy hive 
several hundred garments are turned out weekly, thereby giving 
employment to numbers at home. Every dep.-irtmcnt of this vast es- 
tabli.shment is complete in itself, the whole forming a splendid example 
of systematic organisation. The jircmises, which stand on the banks of 
the LilTey, in view of the Custom House, .and obli-iuely oi.positc the 
O'Connell monument, are one of the most perfectly equipped and ar- 
ranged in Dublin. Architecturally, ihey are an ornament to the p.irt ot 
the metropolis in which they stand, while internally, the arrangements are 
the result of .study, experience, and a thorough appreciation of public require- 
ments. No better idea of the m.agnitude of the business can be produced 
than that about two hundred hands ate constantly employed on the premises. 
The directors of the firm comprise some of the most enterprising '";^'"^;^ 
men in Ireland, and the management devolves on gentlemen highly 
capable in every respect to discharge the responsible duties of so popular 
and celebrated a concern as the Hibernian House. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



James Winstanley, Wholesale Boot and Shoe Mann- 

faoturor, Hack Lane. — The name of Winstanley lias long since Ijcciinie 
insi)iaral)ly associated with the most excelUiu and liest-.inished boots and 
shoes in the Irish market. Many years have now passed since the inaiij^n- 
ralion of this business, and with time has come a success deserved of 
ability linked to enterp.ise. The many shops <levote(l to the retail trade 
of this hous? are situated in Corn Market, George's Street, Talbot Sticct, 
and Capel Street, but immense as the retail business is it must be placed 
second to tlie great wholesale trade done. The factory and warehouse 
occupy from 42 to 47, Back I„inc, having a frontage of above 150 feet 
with a depth of about the same dimensions. This immense building is 
furnished in most modern style and fitted from end to end with the most 
improved machinery. Many are the dilTcrcnt departments, including upper 
cutting, fitting and closing, putting np or benching, bottom stuff cutting, 
sole sewing, heeling and paring rooms, etc. In these the plant used com- 
prises ranging, rolling, stamping, and other most perfected machines. 
In the slocks of materials there is found every sort of leather used in 
making the most delicate or heaviest boots and shoes. In the manufac- 
tured goods every imaginable description of boots and shoes are to be 
seen from the heaviest men's wear to the most delicate Cinderella shoe. 
In the designs the highest credit is reflected on the house ; and the 
fact that a designer is cmiiloyed the whole year round here speaks volumes 
for the enterprise of the house. A pretty accurate estimate of the business 
transacted by Mr. Winstanley rr^ay be had when it is stated that the 
factory turns out fully 250,000 pairs of boots annually. The immense 
trade commanded is principally wholesale, as the large scale of operations 
on which this firm is carried emi?owers it to supply to a clienliU, spread 
over the entire country, the most superior goods at the cheapest prices. 
Perhaps the true reason of the house's success has been the saleable quality 
of its wares. The latter fact is testified by country traders, who have the 
good fortune to be so well advised as to stock from the splendid fitting and 
durable goods manufactured by tlie firm under notice. In the many retail 
establishments of the house in diH'erent parts of the metropolis are seen 
" the busy crowd " inspecting the excellent boots and shoes in every variety 
anil at reasonable and consistent prices. The articles manufaetuied include 
gentlemen's walking, fishing, and all descriptions of boots made of the best 
leathers. In a like manner the shows of ladies' boots and shoes comprise 
goods that rival the most excellent makes of London and I'aris. Children's 
boots and shoes are given especial attention, and are turned out in a style 
that is simply perfect. Every item in each branch of the entire stock when 
leaving the m.inufactory has received on the sole the trade mark of the 
concern, thus alTording a guarantee of genuineness. Mr, Winstanley feels, 
as the great desideratum before him in in.iugurating the business, the 
supplying of a true fitting boot, that to the most fashionable shape should be 
added the further recommendation of being most moderate in cost. This 
end has admittedly been to the full attained, and in its accomplishment 
three factors have especially contributed. The first, and perhaps most 
important, h.is been the use of the best obtainable materials ; the second, 
the employment of the most competent hands as well as the most improved 
machinery; and, lastly, that every boot .and shoe manufactured has been 
designed and constructed on anatomical principles. It is to this most 
unusual combination of happy circumstances we must attribute the popu- 
larity enjoyed by this world -renowned establishment. Kesides his pro- 
minence as one of our commercial lights, Mr. Winstanley, as a member of 
the city council, as well as being chairman of many first-rate companies, 
in .addition to being High SherilT of Dublin, is held in the highest esteem 
as a good and worthy citizen of our city, and is characterised for fixity of 
purpose, sterling integrity, and personal bonhomie, by which his conduct all 
through has been so strongly marked. 



John Plunkett & Co., Maltsters, Portland Street.— There 
are few Iiish manufacturing firms whose gooti fortune it has been to 
enhance by their eminent achievements not only the productions of their 
own establishments but those devoted to the staple industry of our country. 
Such, however, is the renowned firm of Messrs. John I'lunkett & Co., 
whose celebrated m.alt has conduced in m.aking the famous distillations 
and brewing of not only Dublin but of the United Kinjdom famous all 
over the civilised wo»ld. This notable business was established in the year 
1819, and has since then, as already stated, exercised a preponderance of 
influence on Irish trade. With each advance of years came new departures, 
and every introduction that would tend to improvement has, since its 
inception, being availed of, so that the development of the business has 
kept pace with the times and advanced the establishment to the premier 
position in its branch of industry in the United Kingdom, and, we might 
add, in the world. The premises occupied are spread over a wide area, 
and, though the many dilterent departments do not be in one block, they 
are effectually connected by the telephone. Through the courtesy of the 
minaging partner, Mr. Boydell, our representative was shown over this 
great manufactory. Many of the immense storerooms and manufacturing 
departments have lately been added, but still the increasing demands for 
their productions will soon necessitate new additions to the already large 
establishment. The splendid quality and character of their malts have 
secured a ready market in the chief distillery and lirewing districts of 
England and Scotland, as well as the colonies and United States. In 
particular a great patronage is accorded by the Burton and London 
brewers. The plant used in the preparation of the grain condsts of the 
newest and most improved machinery. In the roasting department the 
machinery used h.is been patented by the firm, and is the most rapid and 



67 



perfect in use in ihc worM. There are in all eleven ro.-isiing machines, 
each of which has a capacity of over one hundred quarters a day. I-'roin 
this some small idea may l>e had of the enormous oprralions of this firm. 
In a like manner the sweating kilns, screening and cleaning departments, 
are of the most improved kind, and the processes through which the grain 
passes in them has, without doubt, a great <leal to do with the superioritj 
gained for the malts. T he different kinds of malts prrxluced arc patent 
chocolate malt, patent black mall, patent brown mall, patent crystal malt, 
also pale and other malts. Each sort we have ro hesitation in saying 
could not be excelled or perhaps equalled by any other house in the trade. 
Amongst the famous brewers that testify to the excel enee of these pro- 
ductions we may mention Guinness, Darcy, and the I'hrenix Brewery of 
Dublin ; Beamish and Crawford, and Lane & Co., of Cork ; J. and K. 
Tennani, and Steel, Ojalson i: Co., of (ilasgow ; as well as the chief 
brewers all over England, Ireland, and .Scotland, and in particular those of 
Burton and London. The entire operations are conducted in the most 
.systematic manner, and the business arr.ingemcnts are transacted with 
promptitude and care. Messrs. John I'lunkett & Co. deserve highly of 
their country for so ably sustaining such an important industrial concern. 
The ability and enterprise so characteristic of Mr. Boydell's manage- 
ment lias more than anyihing won the high reputation and commercial 
status of this old-established business. 



Messrs. Taaffe & Coldwell, Shirt and Collar Mana- 
facturets. Tailors, and General Outfitters, Si, liraii n .■stiei.l. — In 
reviewing the princii)al inrhistries of Imiilin no hous: is better deserving of 
prominent notice than that of the well-known firm of .Messrs. Taaffe 
& Coldwell, who for many years have held a distinguished posiiion in the 
commercial world as m.anulacturers of shirts and collars, as well as tailors 
.and gentlemen's outfitters generally. The premises occupied by the firm 
in question, whish are situated at the address given above, are of com- 
modious dimensions, well fitted throughout, and conveniently adapted for 
the warehousing of the large and valuable stocks held in hand. .Messrs. 
TaalTe ^: Coldwell conduct their busii.ess on strictly cash principles, the 
mottc of the house being " Best value in Ireland for ready nuney only." 
The firm engage largely in the manufacture of every description of hosiery, 
hats, gloves, and other articles of outfit ; but the special and most remarkable 
feature of their tr.ade is undoubtedly the manufacture of shirts, in which 
branch of their business the house has long possessed a world-wide repu- 
tation, goods being supplied to the most distant countries, and an enormous 
trade being especially done with India and the colonies. In connection 
with this branch, which is most extensively engaged in by the firm, .Messrs. 
T.aalfe & ColiUvoll employ a large and experienced staff of assistants and 
workpeople, all the work being manufactured on the premises under the 
supervision of competent foremen. The minutest detail of the business 
receives the closest attention ; and it may be mentioned, to show the 
thoroughness of the arrangements, that even the laundry-work is executed 
on the premises. It is by such methods that the firm have succeeded in 
achieving the high lepat.alion they bear, the work thus closely supervised 
being turned out in the most .admirable manner. During the period of the 
Irish Exhibition at Olympia, London, where the linn had a stand of 
exhibits, their products were much noticed and highly praised, the style 
and general turn-out of the work being the theme of universal commenda- 
tion. The fir.n send a catalogue and price list free, to all intending 
purchasers, accompanied with instructions for self-measurement ; and on 
the receipt of cheque for the .amount of the goods the order is despatched 
w ilh the greatest promptitude. Although eng.iging so extensively in the 
shirt-making line the firm yet contrive to carry on an extremely important 
trade in the tailoring and outfitting department, a large slock being held of 
the finest qu.ility of materials suitable for gentlemen's wearing apixirel. 
The house bears a high name for the fit, elegance, and style of the clothes 
it turns out, and a most extensive and influential connection is controlled 
in this as in the other departments. It is a pleasure to afford prominent 
notice to a house possessed of so many striking cLiims to recognition, in 
the m.agnitude, enterprise, and importance of its transactions ; and which, 
from every point ol view, is deserving of high classification in a wock 
devoted to the illustration of the trade and industries of Dublin, 



James Meythen, Family Grocer, Tea, 'Wine, and 

Spirit Mercbant, ,55 ami JO, .Suuili King Street.— One of the most 
prominent houses in the trade with which it is associated is that of .Mr. 
James Meythen, family grocer, tea, wine, and spirit merchant, of the 
above address. The business is a first-class one, and the bar is one of the 
most respectable in the street. The shop and bar are handsomely fitted up 
in mahogany, with every comfort for the customers. In the daytime it is a 
great resort of business men, and in the evening a large number of the 
theatre-goers who attend the Gaiety Theatre, which is just a little lower 
down, same side, are in the habit of frequenting it. The wine and spirit 
department is well stocked with old and matured whiskies, brandies, and 
other spirits from the best distilleries, and there is a fine supply of first- 
class wincj. The .ales, stout, porter, and mineral waters are alw.i\-s in 
splendid condition. The grocery department contains some exceptionally 
fine teas and coftee, and all the other goods are of the best qualiiy. The 
house has been established over fifty years, anil has got together a wide- 
spread and valuable connection. 'The business is admiratdy conducted 
by the proprietor, Mr. Meythen, who employs an ctlicient stafi. 



68 



IN'DUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Sir James Wm. Uackey, Seed and Implement lEer- 

Ohant. 23, Upper Sackville .Street. — No review of the great commercial 
establishments of Dulilin, however superficial or slight in scope, could be 
deemed complete which neglected mention of the well-known and old- 
established house so ably :ind efficiently controlled by .Sir J. \V. Mackey. 
Founded in 1 777, this highly respectable house has long held a pre-eminent 
position in the important branch of trade with which lor over no years its 
name has heen honourably associated ; and during the lengthy period which 
has elapsed since the inception of the house, the high reputation gained by 
it at an early period in its career n.os been fully miintained in all its 
integrity. The present respected head of the house is a gentleman well 
known in social, commercial, and municijial circles, having occupied the 
civic chair with distinction to himself and crelit to the Dutilin Corporation 
in the years 1S66 and 1873, and h.as taken much interest in all matters 
affecting the welfare of his native city. Sir J. Mackey's premises, which are 
lai^e and extensive, are situated at 23, Upper S.ackville Street, where the 
exterior attractive appeaiance of the house forms a noticeable feature in 
that important thoroughfare. The froniage of the house is about twenly- 
five feel across, with an interior depth from front to rear of about 175 Icet, 
and the establishment is fitted in a most t.isteful manner, suitable to the 




mil " ^^ 



fe 







4 




nature of the bu'iness transacted and with a view to the convenience of the 
customers patronising the establishment, which, byihe way, we mi;^lit men- 
tion is heated throughout with hot-water pipes anil is connected by telephone 
through the exchange with the other large hnuscs in the city, and by 
private wire with the warehouses, which are situated on (George's Quay. 
Thejr are most commodious in size and well adapted to the requirements 
of the trade. The stock held is comprehensive and valuable', and comprises 
a (elect collection of farm, vegetable, and flower sceils, Dutch and other 
bulbous flower roots, and, at the proper season, nursery slock, beilding plnnts, 
etc. In ihe shop is also a large collection of agricultural anil horticultural 
implements, all of which arc of the fincit quality, and combine the latest 
and most improved designs with the greatest utility. The business of 
the house is most extensive, .Sir J. Mackey's connection including most 
of the distingui.shcd gentlemen in the country interested in agricultural 
or floricultutal matters, l>esides the trailers in the principal towns and 
villages throughout Ireland. It would take us a great ileal more space 
than is really at our disposal to attempt anything like a particularised 
account of the various branches of this iinporlaiit business ; a fact our 
readers will appreciate when we mention that besides farm seed, flower- 
root, and other catalogues, the admirably arranged illustratetl spring 
catalogue published by the house occuoies the sp.ite of nearly a hundred 
closely printed pages, quarto size, and tastefully bound in chromo-litho- 



graphed cover of chaste and artistic design, consistent with the matter it 
encloses. We may, however, attempt a glossary of the contents of this 
interesting publication with a view to helping our readers to form some 
idea of the resources of Sir James Mackey s establishment. The catalogue 
may be divided into five parts : the first jieing devoted to vegetable seeds ; 
part two to select farm seeds ; part three to flower seeds ; while jiarts four 
and five are respectively devoteil to the illustration of flower roots, and 
horticultural implements and garden requisites. The first pirt, devoted to 
vegetable seeds, comprises every description of edible vegetation, from 
artichokes (taking the list alphabetically) to'vegetable marrows ; and in- 
cluding beans, beets, broccoli, lettuces, melons, and the familiar onion, 
peas, and potato. The farm s;eds include the various clovers and grasses, 
carrots, caliliages, turnips, and mingold-wurzels, together with others 
equally familiar. Part three, however, comprises the most attractive por- 
tion of the stock, being, as we have said above, devoted to flowers, and 
supplying with part four, which deals with roots and plants, the most com- 
pletely perfect assortment of these really excellent and lovely natural 
jjroductions. The horticultural implement stock is, we have no doubt, the 
finest show of its kind in the city, and unsurpassed in value. Jt comprises 
all the latest i>atents and improvements in this branch of manuraclure. 
Pressure of space prevents us from entering fully into the many interesting 
details of .Sir James Mackey's important business ; we feel how inadequate 
a sketch like this is, to convey anything but the rudest impression of the 
magnitude of the trade, and must leave it to the reader to supjily our 
deficiency from his own observation. No house in the tr.ii!e takes higher 
rank than does that of Sir James Mackey, to whose able and efli lent 
management the agriculturists and horticulturists of this country willingly 
bear testimony. 

Michael Meade, Carriage, Car, and Van Builder, 56, 

Great .Str.ind Street. — One of the most thriving businesses in the cily is that 
in the proprietorship of .Mr. Michael Meade, carriage, car, and van builder. 
This house has been established for five years. The works are situaied at 
56, Great Strand Street, near to Capel Street, and are large and commo- 
dious, well fitted and arranged, in fact well adapted in every way to the 
work carried on in them. This distinguished house does all kinds of carriage 
work in the best style and finish, and controls a large businei-s in the manu- 
facture of vehicles to order, the instructions of patrons receiving the most 
particular attention. Kepaiis of every description in the line are well exe- 
cuted, and u])on the most moderate terms. All the materials used are of 
a uniform good quality, being carefully selected by the head of the firm. 
A staff of from eight to ten operatives ^s employed, who are thoroughly 
practical and experienced men. For constructive solidity, and beauty of 
finish, the vehicles turned out by this firm are unexcelled. This business, in 
all its departments, is conducted in a most spirited, energetic, and enter- 
prising manner, which qualities have brought success and prosperity to this 
vigorously directed industry. The success of the film has certainly been 
attributable to the character of its able proprietor, whose capacity and 
untiring energy have made the business what it is, and whose uniform 
promptitude and integrity have long since secured the confidence of his 
customers. 



J. Forristal, Family Grocer, 14*, Jones's Road.— One of the 

most im|)ort.uu and aHr;;iiive est.iblishmenls in its vicinity, and one repre- 
senting a leading branch ol metropolitan trade, is the well-known house of 
Mr. 1. Korristal, family grocer. This business, which was formerly in the 
projirictor-hip of Mr. O'Reilly, has been established about eight years. 
The premises, which are known asClonlifl'e House, are well situated, being 
a corner block willi a good frontage, and the shop from front to rear meafurcs 
about sixty-six feet. The shop is well fitted in mahogany, with every facility 
and convenience for the transaction of the busine-s. Large and compre- 
hensive stocks are heUi, embracing every item in the grocery trade wliich 
would be found in a first-class establishment. The wine depaitment is 
reiilete with good supplies of all the best brands, growths, and vintages of 
wines and spirits, as well as bottled beers and mineral waters. Three ex- 
cellent assistants are constantly employed, who are courteous and obliging 
in their mrnners. Under its present proprietary the biisiiie-^s has, by vigorous 
and capable management, achieve I a high degree of commercial success and 
importance, and become a prominent and flourishing institution among its 
numerous metropolitan contemporarici. The shop is very neatly and 
attr.actively arranged, and a di'-linguishing feature is the commendable re- 
gard for cleanliness and gocd order which is jiievalcnt throughout the 
establishment. The entire business of the house is personally conducted 
by the able, energetic, and enterprising proprietor, who has secured an 
influential and sui>erior circle of cu-itom, and in fact does a first-class Ir.ade. 
'Ihe prices are based u|>on the most moderate scale, consistent with fair 
deahng, and the excellent quality of the articles disposed of. Mr. Korristal 
gives me most careful attention to all the details of the business, evidencing 
a desire and determination to maintain the past rejiutation of the house, 
and endow it with still greater claims to popular favour. The proprietor 
uses his best endeavours to satisfactorily supply all public tequiremenls, 
and meet all likely demands. Large or small orders receive equal attenlion 
and |iro;iipt execution, with compete satisfaction to the customers. Mr. 
I'orristal is well known in mercantile circles for his integrity and honourable 
business capacities, and'enjoys the respect and esteem of his numerous cus- 
tomers lor his courtesy upon all occasions, and for the tact he disp'ays 
in the management of his business, which is in every way a credit to 
him. 



INHUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



69 



C. Bull, Fcclesiastical Warehouse, 21, Suffolk Sirect.— We 
areglncl to Ik- able 10 record the ilccidcl revival of a lirancli ofarlistic industry 
whicli Irelan<l, owing lo her trndilion^, should be sj|;nally alilc to carry on 
wlh the preatcst si'CJ;ss — the manufacture of churclt fvirniture and ccrlesias- 
tical decorative objects. Kor many years it has unfortunately been the case 
that a large share of this work, more especially that intended for Knglish 
and Scotch chu'ches, has found its way to Krance, l!eli;iuin. and pans of 
Germany, where the Ir.nlc has long been tirndy established, lo the minifest 
loss of Irish manufacturers. More recently, however, owin;; mainly to the 
enterprise and taste of certain Dublin firms, a larf;e proportion his b;gun 
to tiiid its way to this city, which frt>m every i> ) ni of view is deservinjj of 
thesup]iort of theecclesi istical atith -rilies of the kint; lorn, as the undoubtecl 
capital of Cat 'oliti.y in (Jreat Britain. Among the houses en;.;.i',;ed in this 
interesting; and pious industry wh ch have done much to achieve ihis bene- 
ficial result, the eslatdishnient of Mr. Cornelius Hull, of 2t, .Suffolk Street, 
is pirli :ularly des:Tvii>g of notice, as a house remarkable for the beauty and 
taste of its pnxluctions, as well as for its undoubted importance as a com- 
mercial establishment. Established now for m.iny years, .Mr. Bull has long 
enjoyed in Ireland the highest rep.itaiioii for the excellence of his goods, 
and has fv>rmed a connection of the most inlluential description among the 
Catholic Hierarchy of Ireland. The piemises occupied by this gentleman 
as show-rooms and warehouse at the above address are most extensive and 
of a ir.ictive appearance, having been fiued throughout in a most appro- 
priate and tasteful manner, antl contain a large and valuable slock of the 
various articles used in connection with the rites and ceremonies of the 
Catholic Church. This handsome and interesting establishment has only 
been opened since 18S6, prior to which date .Mr. Hull occupied premise* at 
15 and 16, Upper Gloucester Street. The stock com) risesa large selection 
of vc3t;nen;s in all the rubrical colous anJ malcriah, as well r.s a fine 




collection of altar ornaments and decorations, which in artistic excellcnra 
and perfection of workmanship, may vie with anything to be seen in the 
most celebrated Parisian establishments. Altars in carved oak or poly- 
chrouie decorations, tal>ernacles, expositions, pedest.als, credence tables, 
prie-/iieu» of various designs, materials, and decorations, all these ar'icles 
arc manufactured at Mr. Bull's extensive workshops and factory at 47, 
Clarendon Street. There are also on view many beauti'ul specimens of the 
gold and silversmith's handicraft, such as monstrances, ciborium«, 
ch\lices, etc., in the gre.ate,t excellence and variety. The general stock 
also includes candlesticks, candelabras, crosses, crucifixes, sanctuary 
lamps, thuribles, .ind other mitters familiar to all frequenters of Catholic 
churcht's. A noticeable feature in his business is the large eniploj- 
ment it affords to women and young persons in the manufacture of 
chasubles, dalmatics, and other ecclesiastical vestments. The art of wood- 
carving, which from all time has been closely associated with eccle- 
siastik:al work, has long been carried to its greatest degree of perfection 
in Germany — Munich having rendered itself particularly famous for the 
beauty of its productions in this delightful art, and especially in the carvings 
upon Gothic altars and tabernacles. The decided .idvanae which the more 
liberal extension of technical education in connection with the Government 
schools of design has rendered noticeable among our own workmen, hfts 
been fully taken advantage of by Mr. Bull, he having with much judgment 
and enterprising spirit largely availed himself of this growing skill, and 
rendere 1 good service to the cause of art in this country by alToiding ambitious 
workmen a fair field for the exercise and development of their artistic genius. 
Mr. Hull's house has produced some admirable examp'es of Irish woi kinan- 
ship ; very noticeable are a beautifullycarveil oak puljit and set of stations 
of the cross for Rathmines Roman Catholic Church, and amagnilicent set of 
stations of the cross m.ade for the Rev. I'assionist Fathers, Slount .Argus, 
Harold's Cross. The carving on these exquisite pieces of ecclesiastical work 



is really admirable, .and reflects the highest credit on Iwlh the designer and 
workmen. It i« idmously impossible in the limited scope of a review of 
this descripiion to convey anything more than the briefest sketch of this 
rlcserving establislinienl, and we wi-h that our space would permit u> to 
enter more fully into the consideration rjf the many excellences of the 
house, but we have, we fear, already rjver^tepped our limits. It is a pleasure 
lo be able to bear testimony to the grxxl work the house is doing, both 
from an artistic, religious, and industrial stanil|»int, and willingly lo record 
the feelings of esleern and respect with which the proprietor u regarded 
among his fellow citizens. 

Abbott Bros., Beehive Manufacturers, 9, Merchant's 

Quay, — A comparatively new industry of increasing imfiortance is the 
manufacture of improved beehives and apjiliances. Twenty years ago the 
bar frame hive was a scientific implement, costing about five pounds, and 
suitable only for the wealthy amattur. The founder of the aliovt firm, 
Mr. C. N. Abbott, foreseeing the important position improved beekeeping 
was capable of taking in the industries of Great Britain, devoted the whole 
of his atteniion and considerable capital to its encouragement. He 
established 'J'hf British Bee Journal^ devoted solely to apiculture, and 
besides giving pr.actical advice by post to all re<|uiring it, made such im- 
portant impiovenienls in beehives and appliances that the name of Abt>ott 
soon became amongst beekeepers as a household word. At the same lime, 
by manufacturing these appliances on a large scale and by improved 
machinery, he so lessened ihc cott of them that a hive superior in every 
way to the former expensive appliance can now be obtained for half a 
guinea, thus being within the reach of farmers, and even most labourers. 
That his elTorts, and those of his sons who succeeded him, have been 
appreciated, is proved by the fact that during the last twelve years the firm 
have been awaided upwards of 800 prizfs at the various shows at which 
they have exhibited their unrivalled productions. Their principal factory 
is at Southall, near London, with offices at Ludgate Arcade, London. 
Their latest success has been the establishment of the Dublin branch, which 
is a factory complete in every way, and largely employing Irish lal»our, and 
"being uader the experienced management of the founder's eldest son, it 
is turning out work of a class not previously seen in Ireland. Although so 
recently established, it already monopolises nearly the whole of the trade 
in its specialities, being the only factory in Ireland devoted exclusively to 
lieehive making. Messrs. Abbott s illustrated caia'oguc is well worth perusal. 
Their manuiaciuies were shown at the Olympia Exhibition, Stand 4j8. 



Thomas H. Reilly, Artists' Coloariuan, and Fine Art 

Gallery, 24, Gialton Street (Telegraphic Address, " i'alette," Dublin). — 
There is probably no house in Ireland that h.is done more to promote the 
best interests of art, both ancient and modern, than that controlled ly -Mr. 
Thomas \\. Reilly. A visit to the galleries will reveal some of the finest 
productions and samples ofarlistic triumphs worthy of the gloriiication that 
must ever be associated with their names and productions. First in point 
if attraction, representing, .as Ihey do, a refined taste, are many of the latest 
productions of the well-known "Decorative Art Society, '' for which 
Mr. Reilly is iole o^mt. This beautiful collection embraces mirror, 
draught, fancy glass, folding screens, panel mirrors, wooden screens, date 
cases, tables, wooden panels, wall mirrors, over-mantels, photographic 
frames, music stands, brackets, and many other examples, these being 
mounted either on jilush of various colours or fancy woocis, and decorated 
with the most exquisite taste in many designs, including storks, birds, 
animals, flowers, and many combinations. For wedding or birthd.ay 
presents, or for house furni.shing purposes, these articles are highly appro- 
priate. There is also a fine dis, lay of etchings, engravings, photogravures, 
photographs, chromos, and othrr artistic productions, alter Landseer, 
Millais, Leighton, Stone, Leader, Hook, De Blaas, MacWhirter, Slocombe, 
Fullwood, Whymper, Foster, Butler, etc. It would be utterly impossible 
to go into ileail, and to give anything approaching .an accurate descrip- 
tion of the m.any rlepartments that go to constitute the business and daily 
operations of this house. The walls of ihe jircmises are decorated with 
some fine specimens of the art world, while the stock of pictures, 
albums, fine art china, birthday, wedding, and in memoriam cards, 
and numerous other articles, constitutes an exhibition which reflects the 
highest credit on the tiste and enterprise of the establishment and the 
eftrcient management under which it is controlled. The well-known pro- 
ductions of Lacroix, Winsor & Newton, Reeves A; Son, and other eminent 
houses engaged in the manufacture of a-tists' colours, are kept in stock. 
.Mr. Reilly is also sole .agent for the noted Crystoleum Company, while Ihe 
Staflbrdshire, Torqu.ay, Danish, and Dresden potteries are exten-ively 
represented in fine art china and terra-cotla. Iiish scenery and landsca|)e 
have not been forgotten, and some m.agnihcent specimens, Imth in artistic 
drawing and ordin.ary photography, may be seen in the galleries. The 
feathered tribe, flowers, etc., are well and artistically represented io 
another deii.artment, where exquisite tasle is combined with remarkable 
study. The framing and gilding dep.artment constitutes a heavy and must 
important item in the operations of mis establishment, and in this particular 
capacity the concern stands seconil to none in Great Britain or Ireland. 
The establishment has ever been ihe resort of the fashionable element cf 
Dublin and iis environs, while the amateur artist has alw.ays found it a 
l)upular and favourite rendcivous to test his abilities or perhaps draw an 
inspiration from Ihe eminent productions which are placed before him. 
The whole concern is under ihe sole direction of Mr. T. H. Reilly and 
his son, a gentleman o! undoubted ability and business tact. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



William. Kavanagh te Son, Gun and Kifle Manu- 
facturers, 12, Daiiii; Street. — .Amoni; the most notable features of a busy 
vicimty ;.tjnJs the prominent anJ old-established house of .Messrs. William 
Kavanagh & Son, gun and rirte manufacturers. This representative 
house was founded in the year 1796, and has, during the many years of its 
active industrial career, been connected most creditably with the intro- 
duction of many leading specialities and valuable improvements in a number 
of the various hre-arnis to the production of which its attention is devoted. 




!£■ w^. kavamIgm 




The premises occupied arc large and commodious, having a frontage of 
24 feet with a depth of 80 feet, comprising a warehouse and factory, 
besides a shooting-gallery for the trial of the rifles, 120 feet long. The entire 
establishment is admirably suited to all the needs and requirements of the 
industry carried on w ithin its limits. The capacities of the house for turning 
out thoroughly firstcl.a-s guns and rifles are unsurpassed. The finest and 
toughest steel and iron are used in their manufacture, and their widespread 
use s|>eaks jdainly for their undnubttd excellence. A good staff of hands is 
cmpluycd m the various departments of the work, and the industrial 
operations, as well as the entire business conduct of the establishment, 
receive the careful personal attention of Mr. Kavanagh himself, assisted 
by his son. The house enjoys a most eminent and well-deseivcd reputation 
IkjiIi far and wide for the excellent quality in every respect, .and general 
high-class character of all its manufactures, and no eftorl is sp.ired to 
wi*rihily retain a renown so desirable. The st«»ck ht.-Id at all limes is very 
large and kept in excellent order, thorough discipline and method being 



strictly observed, and the most perfect arrangement is everyw here ajiparent. 
It would be difficult to dwell adequately on the many excellent qualities of 
the firm's productions, which are at once the explanation .and the cause of 
the marked success which h;is attended its progress. W'lien we review the 
experience and manufacturing facilities of the house, the prestige it enjoys, 
together with the enterprising manner in which its afl'airs are conducted, 
we have the best reason for regarding its progress and prosperity in the past 
as but the antecedents of still greater prosperity in the future. The gentle- 
men constituting the firm are well known to be of the highest commercial 
status, and recognised authorities on the proper construction ofguns and rities, 
being highly esteemed by their numerous patrons for their courtesy upon all 
occasions, and the careful organisation of their large business and the stalV 
employed therein, in order to ensure the proinpt execution of all orders en- 
trusted to them, with the best materials and the most skilled and experienced 
workmanship. 



E. J. O'Brien, Draper, 166, Great Britain Street.— This is at> 
old-established house of business, having been held by .Mr. McConnell (or 
a quarter of a century in the ironmongery trade. But the present enter- 
prising proprietor has converted the premises into a large drapery estab- 
lishment, for which they arc admirably suited. They are equipped with 
the most modern fittings and supjilied with a very large and varied stock 
of the multitudinous articles of ladies' and cliiklren's wearing appairel. 
The goods are nicely arranged, it being a well-known fact that materials 
well displayed are half sold. A special feature of this house is the millinery 
department, which is under the personal supervision of Mrs. O'Brien. 
This lady produces the most elegant and tastelul hats and bonnets, which 
are not only the admiration of the fair sex, but- are really marvels of 
cheapness. Notice must also be taken of the gentlemen's hat and hosiery 
department. Here hats may be purchased at as low a figure as l.f. ; men's 
underclothing in all shapes and sizes, at exceptionally low prices. This 
house has the reputation of executing all orders in the promptest and most 
satisfactory manner, its customers being spread over a very \\ide area, and 
including the nobility and gentrj' of the surrounding district. The assistants 
employed at this emporium are most respectful and obliging in theii 
manners to customers, no amount of trouble being too great to please the 
tastes and requirements of intending purchasers at this deservedly popular 
and e.xcellent est.ablishment, which defies competition, both for excellence, 
good value, and cheapness, with any other house in the s.ame line, \\hile 
Sir. O'Brien displays such business capabilities, and is so unremitting in 
his attentions to the public as he has been heretofore, he cannot fail, not 
only to maintain his present patrons, but also extend, to a very considerable 
degree the circle of those who, being so well served themselves, will be 
sure to recommend their friends to deal w ith such an energetic tradesman, 
and one who calers for the requirements of all classes of the community. 
It may not be out of place to mention that Mr. O'Brien is an agent for 
Bell's Dye \Vorks, Paisley. 



Denis Hickey, Family Grocer, Tea, 'Wine, and Spirit 
Uerchant, i, Arran Quay, and 19, Francis Street. — The family grocery 
trade is well represented in Dublin, a great many respectable and well- 
known firms having devoled themselves to the pursuit of wealth and 
reputation in this extremely lucrative business. Among the many so 
engaged there are not, we venture to state, a great number « ho can claim, 
like Mr. Denis Hickey, to possess a business that can count from its 
commencement the very respectable number of over two hundred years. 
The establishment, however, despite itsgre.at antiquity of origin, is not one, 
of the largest of its kind, belonging rather to the old and highly-respectable 
class of family grocery stores that used to thrive and flourish when the 
century was young. The establishment consists of most commodious 
premises in Arran Quay, with an addition at 19, Francis Street, and is, 
despite its two hundred years of prosperous commercial life, a very fair 
representative of the modern idea of a grocery establishment. The fittings 
of the house are tasteful and expensive, and all the arrangements made 
with a view to general attractiveness and effect. The upper portion of the, 
house is entirely devoted to domestic use, the lower poriion, with its good 
frontage on Arran Quay, being admirably adapted to the business carried 
on there. The establishment so successfully conducted by Mr. Hickey 
will be found jilentifully stocked with a fine show of all those articles 
generally sold by grocers, especi.al care having been taken in laying in the 
really fine slock of teas, an aiticle of daily consumption for which this, 
house h.as long been justly famed. ColTee and cocoa, chocolates and 
condiments of all descriptions, are also to be procured in great excellence 
and variety, as well as the more modern articles now sold by grocers 
everywhere, but which were once deemed the peculiar line of the Italian, 
warehouseman, Mr, Mickey has a large assortment of tinned meats, 
soups, fish, and, latest of all develoiimenis, milk, while his stock of dried 
and preserved fruits, etc., is of a most attractive description. In the matter 
of wines and spirits there is here done a large and lucrative trade, the old 
house bearing a high character for both wine and whi.skey, the latter, of 
course, being the incomparable article manufactured by .Messrs. J. Jameson 
& Son. Bottled ales and stout also do a ready trade, Mr. Hickey bottling 
himself l!.i.ss's ales and the eelebr.ated .W of .Messrs. Guinness. There is 
certainly no house in the locality that is belter known or more widely 
respected than Mr. llickey, and he himself has won a reputation not 
merely among business people, but among all classes of the coininunity. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Aruo^t & Co., Limited, Wholesale and Retail Drapers, 
and Oonor>l House Furnlahera, 1 1 m 15, llniry Sirccl.— 1lie L»'(;iii- 
ninj; ol tlic iiimtccnlli CLiiuiry saw the issue of not only some of the most 
important political cIhhljis that have ever aflected the destinies of our 
country, but also a new spirit of commercial enterprise contributed l>y 
Duhlin, and obtaining for it the title and fame of being the second city in 
the empire. No better exemplification of this spirit can I'e submitted than 
that which is shown in the well-directed, energetically conductcil, and ably 
managed business o( an em)>oriuin whose foundation-stone was laid before 
the telegraph was introduced for minimising time and space, .and before the 
iron horse had given lime a new value. The title monster is a happily .ind 
indecil an appropriately chosen one when applicil to a house whose mannnolh 
proportions, extending a distance of three hundred feet from front to rear, 
and having a frontage of about four hundred feet in Henry .Street, 
and rrrther more in I'rinces Street, make one of the chief architectural 
objects of interest to be seen in the city of Dublin. The well-known 
and distinguished house of Arnott & Co., Limited, stands out most 
prominently as one of the most successful developments of irish com- 
mercial enterprise, playing a most active and important part in the 
mercintile activity of Ireland's metropolis. Close on fifty years ago this 
business was established in a comparatively small way, under the style of 
Cannock & White ; but by careful nianngeinent, backed by the strong faith 
that moveth mountains, it gr.-idually developed the lield of its operations, 
until about eighteen years ago it had attained such unprecedented success 
and proportions that it had grown beyond the reach of the management, 



71^ 

attracts an extensive and high-class dUnl.fle, whose critical examinations 
have earned for .Vrnolts' a recognition among Uiloring houses Kcond to 
none in the kmgdom. Passing on to the silk, dre.s, and mantle rooms 
confronted with a gakixy of rich colours an.l beautiful designs, one nccdi 
no great stretch of im.igination to conjure up .iay-.lreaiin of the lull-room, 

with Its glare of light showing to perfection Venus like fi( . - ' ,,f [he 

Court, with its stalely dames who lead society. It would ,lc i„ 

give even an approximate idea of the magnitude of the bu .ictcd 

in these departments. .Suffice it to say that the concein has gained a 
notoriety that is jiurely its own in the extent and variety of the goo*U that 
constitute it a le.a<ling house in catering for the public in this parucubr line 
of tr.-uie. Dressmaking and millinery seem to receive special attention from 
llic man.igcnient, for not only docs the sale room extend the entire 
depth of the house, but in direct communication with it are large, s'laciou* 
airy workrooms, evidently fitted up with special regard to the heal>h ami 
comfort of the workers. Here may be seen hundreds of bright-eyed girls 
whose cheeks are tinged witli the ruddy glow of health, constructing tlie 
graceful robes of womanhood and producing the many styles of ladies' head- 
gear tolerated by fashion. On leaving this branch, the eye resu on plainer 
goods, more of the household character, viz., longcloths, linens, blankets, 
and ipiilts, and from these to the furnishing department the visitor may next 
direct his inspection. It is a sight well worth seeing, and exhibits in the 
fullest sense the immense value of the house and the enormous resources at 
its command, .as well as displaying the orderly precision in which cver)-- 
thing is kept. A view of the beautifully carved cabinets, splendid specimens 




thus necessitating its launching into the sea of commerce as a limited 
liability company under its present style .and title, piloted by able manage- 
ment, and clear of the quicks.ands exposed by commercial depression. 
Well known throughout the length and breadth of the land, it has secured 
probably the largest wholesale drapery and upholstery trade done in 
Ireland, while its retail departments have ever been the rendezvous of an 
appreciative and stylish public, abounding in all the luxuries of high-class 
taste and its kindred accompaniment of fashion. The sightseer's attention, 
in passing through the noble thoroughfare of Henry Street, is arrested by 
the ebbing and flowing tide of humanity around .Messrs. Arnotts' ten large 
plate-glass windows, and irresistibly drawn thereto to admire all that the 
millinery and clothing arts have done to make modern apparel a science, 
and all the furnishing tr.ade has done to ni.ike the homes of the period 
equally as be.iutiful as they are luxurious. It would be impossible to do 
adequate justice to the numerous wares sold, and that have attracted the 
highest encomiums from the most critical and fastidious quarters. A glance 
at the hosier)- department will find well stocked and carefully appropriated 
shelves neatly fitted with artistic boxes, containing pedal habiliments of the 
coarsest and finest m.iterials. The celebrated productions of Balbriggan 
are conspicuously exhibited and truthfully represented, finding uncompro- 
mising favour, in spite of the unscrupulous imitations that have from time 
to time been pushed into the markets to detract from the well-known favour 
It has ever been accorded from a keen but sympathetic public. The de- 
p.irimeiit devoted to tailoring deserves more than passing notice, on account 
of the variety of the materials submitted for inspection, the manufacture of 
which they are comjioscd, and the ability dispkayed in turning out everv 
garment consistent with fit, modern taste, and f-shion. This department 



of chelToniers, and large and varied assortment of every kind of carpet 
and oilcloth manufacture, together with every class of ornament that makes 
the homes of the great replete with everything pertaining to comfort and 
art, may be obtained, giving pleasure to the eye, and establishing beyond 
dispute the reputation of the establishment. From the tapestry that adorns 
the walls to the beautiful specimens of lace, peculiar to Irish manufacture 
only, this department may be allowed to be one of the most complete and 
pertect in the kingdom. The workshops in connection with this depart- 
ment would well repay a visit. These are situated at the rear, in Princes 
Street, where also are conveniently arranged commodious packing rooms 
and parcel offices. A fine range of stables and coach-yard, running out to 
Abbey Street, with accommodation for a large number of horses and 
delivery vans, thus complete the view of the parcel office department. 
Downst.iirs, the wholesale flannel dep.irtment has almost monopolised the 
sale in IreLind of what is justly credited to be the preservative against 
and very often the only cure of more than one disease arising from 
exposure to cold and damp. In justice to the concern, it must "be ad- 
mitted that it has done more than any other house in Iieland to promote 
and encourage the manufacture and sale of this article, that has from 
time immemorial constituted such an important feature in the in- 
dustrial productions and resources of this couniry. It is too numerous 
to detail ihe other great dep.artments, but no better summary of the business 
done can be given than in a description of the show case that contributed 
such an important item to the Irish Kxhibition at Olympia, London. Here 
Air. Wallace displayed the taste and undisputed ability that have rendered 
him a master of the art of dressing. The exhibit contained sjxximens of 
nearly every fabric produced in Ireland ; and observers, in viewing it. 



72 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



found a difficulty which to admire— the case, the exhibits, or the arrange- 
ment of the goods. Those with a taste for variety might well proclaim 
themselves satisfied. The exhibit contained Irish tweeds, linens, poplins, 
striped skirtings, laHies' dress materials, flannels wool skirtings, wool 
plaids, silk, embroidered, and cambric handkerchiefs, napkins, table-cloths, 
sheetings, tapestry, damask and eider-down quills, laces from Limerick and 
Carrick-on-Suir, ladies' under-clothing, and babies' robes. The general 
effect was very pleasing : groups of heavy goods were bordered by fancy 
articles ; folds ot dress materials relieved by graceful loops of lace ; rows 
of stiff skirtings softened by contact with nice silk handkerchiefs ; corsets 
It cod under handsome glass shades ; ladies' underclothing was blended with 
babies' robes ; and Irom the top hung Irish tweeds, reaching the bottom, 
on which rested piles of quilts supported by rolls of woollen goods. Here, 
again, ricjned boxes of cambric handkerchiefs under arches formed of 
striped shirtings, fringed with Carrickmacross lace. It was evident this 
exhibit must have cost much time and thought, and did as much credit 
to the country as to the firm that produced it. Before passing from this 

Mr. ■William Baird, Plumbing and Hydraulic Engineer, 

27, Lower Abbey Street. — In connection with the hydraulic engineering 
and plumbing trade in Dublin, there are few names of greater and none of 
more creditable prominence than that of the well-known firm of Mr. William 
Baird, of 27, Lower Abbey Street, and at Bray. This representative house 



case, in connection with the Irish goods exhibited, it is only fair to apply 
the motto, "We ask a fair field and no favour." No meed of praise is 
sufficient to do justice to a house that speaks so eloquently in bringing 
before the British public and the world the productions and manufactures 
of our country. Ivor can even tlia' militarj' preciseness in which every act 
and work are done testify so truthfully as the contemplation of the happy 
faces of three hundred hands in the shops and warerocms, and the bright 
homes of seven hundred indirectly employed, to the cate with which the 
shareholders' interests are attended to by a directorate who, by a wise and 
just management, have matle the business financially realise every expecta- 
tion, and at the same time generously treat their assistants. Much of the 
success of this monster establishment is due and may be traced to the ever 
watchful and untiring exertions of the gentlemen who, in the capacity of 
managing directors, control the fate of a concern that is an architectural 
ornament to Henry Street and a lasting credit to the enterprise of Dublin's 
commercial men. 



nature, the operations of which extend all over Ireland and Scotland and 
into France. Since the establishment of this noted house some twenty 
years ago, .all commercial transactions have been conducted with that 
business-like management for which this establishment is so famous. Every 
description of plumbing and hyilraulic engineering is undertal^en by Mr. 




was founded twenty years ago under its present style and proprietary, and 
is one of the most important establishments in this city lor plumbing and 
general hydraulic engineering. The premises, situated within a few 
minutes' walk of the Great Northern Railway terminus, are conveniently 
adapted to the requirements of the large Irade carrierl on. The promp- 
titude, punctuality, and despatch displayed in all the untlcrtakings of this 
enterprising concern, have formed a connection of a very large and valuable 

J. Kerigan, Grocer and Spirit Dealer, 58, Ballybough 
Road.^This house is well known as the oldest of its kind in the locality. 
It has been established over sixty years. The history of the establishment 
is peculiar. It appears to have been one of the first that licences were 
granted to by the late Recorder Shaw, of Dublin. Prior to that the com- 
inissioncrs had the p^iwer to grant licences, bu'. a certain amount of bribery 
was carrierl on, and licensed houses were few and far between. This would 
be about the year 1S26-7. The place is also remarkable for its name, 
" Mud Island," which extended from Summeihill Bridge to Kairview. 
Some seventy-six years ago a man of most notorious character held the 
whole district in fear, as he had under him a large boily of men. This man's 
name was McDonnell. He was of low sLature, but very powerful. The 
house at present docs a sound retail Irarle in the locality amongst a good 
class of customers. The shrjp is well fitted up in mahogany, and slockeil 
with every article belonging to the trade It is of good size, with a capital 
frontage, and a depth fr-jm front to rear of forty-six feet. The slock of spirits 
will l)e found very choice and well matured. The business is managed by 
Mr. Kerigan, who^c never-failing courtesy .and attention to business are much 
ajipreciatcd by a large .and influential circle of residents in t'le neighlxrurhood. 



Baird, under whose supervision all work is executed by the large number of 
employ(;s, varying in number from thirty to forty ; and the workmanlike 
manner in which the plumbing and engineering executed by this noted 
house is carried out, has obtained for it a name associated with every 
mor.al attribute anrl good business qualifications, and it need not be feared 
but wh.it Mr. Baird will long continue to maintain those upright principles 
and honouralile mcthoils with wdiich hi< name has always been connected. 



Miss ritzsimona, Newsagent, 11 a, Great Brunswick Street.— 
Miss Kitzsimonshas been but a short time at the head of the news agency, 
1 1 A, Great Brunswick Street, for until ipiitc recently it was carried on under 
the management of .Mr. Mannock, a gentleman who was as much .admired for 
his business abilities as his personal good qualities were respected. The 
present proprietress is in every respect the equal, ami in many the superior, 
of the late proprieior of this shop. The shop is •iituateil near Tara Street, 
and is just opposite the famed concern of McKenzie. As newsagent, 
the daily and weekly Dublin papers arc of course the principal stock, 
and of these an imm-nse number arc disposed of. In addition to these, 
the English dailies, and weekly comics, and monthly reviews may also 
be had, and in these journals, too, the tr.ide is more than extensive. 
Miss Fitzsiinons nKo offers for sale cheap literature, and that, too, at great 
reiluctions. Such works as the " People's Library," of Ward & Locke or 
Cassi-ll & Co., are also obtainable here Penny plays .and Dick's cheap 
editions of the Uritish poets form a popular section of Miss Fitzsimons' 
stock, and the poor ol^ the neighliourhood fully appreciate the kindly 
interest with which she so thoughtfully has consulted their interest and 
mental culture and advancement. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



73 



M. H. Gill tt Son, Fablishers and Booksellers, 50, 

Upper O'Coiincll Street. — (.)ne of the most ilislinguished linns in the Irish 
pul>!i-ihiiig trade is that of Messrs. .M. II. Ciill v\: Son, of 50, Upper 
O'Conncll Sl'cct. FouinleM about the year 1855, the house had lonj; l)ecn 
known under its o'd title of .Messrs. McGlashaii iS: (Idl, when, some ten or 
twelve yeais ago, its title was changed to th.it which it bears at pres.-nt. 
It would be impossible to OTeriate the debt of gr.nitude whicli the 
cause of Irish literature owes to this well-known linn, no house con- 
nected with the publishing trade in Ireland having done more in late 
years to de\elop its resources than the concern which forms the subject of 
tliis review. Krom its ve.y inception almost it hxs esiaWished a firm hold 
on the conlKlence of the Irish public, and achieved the brightest of repu- 
tations for the admirable and varied character of its ])ablications. The pre- 
sent sole owner of the business, Mr. II. J. Gill, was for some yea:s a member 
of the National Pailianienlary 
party, having represented co. 
SVes'niealh, and afterwards the 
city t^f Limerick, at West- 
minster, under the lea'3erslup 
of Mr. Charles S. I'arnell. Mr. 
Gill recently res gned his seat 
in the Legislature, in which 
he was an acquisition to the 
National party, principally 
owing to great pressure of busi- 
ness, and devotes himself at 
present to the management of 
his concern. Messrs. Gill & 
Son occupy handsome premises 
at the above-quoted address, 
which are fitted in a manner 
thoroughly appropriate to their 
important trade, and which, 
from thtir attractive appear- 
ance, remler the house a very 
noticeable feature in the fine 
thoroughfare in which it is 
located. The premises are of 
great extent, being about 203 
feel long, and are divided into 
two divisions, the front portion 
having long counters extending 
its entire length, at which retail 
customers are attended to, and 
the rear portion being leservtd 
for the transaction of the wholesale depirtments ot Hie houses trade. 
Above the shop are spacious galleries, fitted with shelves filled with 
Messrs. Gill & Son's publications, comprising every branch of literature 
it is possible to imagine. The counting-house is situated between the 
retail and wholesale departments. In it the books are kept by the most 
efficient accountants, and the heavy correspondence and clerical duties 
incidental to the business are carried on. The high reputation achieved 
by the hous-, almos' at the commencement of its career, has been most 
carefully conserved by the firm, the greatest care having been always 
taken to preserve it in all ils integrity, and we have only to look at the 
present flourishing state of the house to recognis; how successful the 
effort has proved. The connection formed by Messrs. Gill & .Son is of 
the greatest extent and inlluence, the list of the house's patrons and sup- 
porters including almost everybody of distinction in the country. The firm 
is jirincijially k^own as the chief publishing house of the Catholic hierarchy 
in Ireland, many of their publications being works on Catholic devotional 
subjects. It is in the records of the honourable achievements of a house like 
this of Messrs. Gill & Sons that the surest foundations of national commer- 
cial prosperity m.ay be said to be laid; and the city of Dublin has every 




C- Mannln, Piiarmacsatical Cheiaist, 2, Great Brunswick 

Street, and 1 10. Great Hritain .Street. — This house has been in existence for 
more than h.alf a century, which fact, of itself, speaks volumes for the 
attention b;stowe.1, and for the quality of the good^ supplied. It is a very 
large wholesale and retail house, doing an enormous first-class trade amongst 
the nobibty and gentry. The connection is by ni means confined to Dublin 
alone, but, on the contrary, is very much widespieaJ, reaching as it does 
all over Ireland. There is hardly a town or village which is not supplied 
directly or indirectly by Mr. C. Mannin, and the reason why is not a very 
hard problt m to solve. The excellence of all articles sold by Mr. Mannin 
is well known, and that is sufficient. Besides his establishment in Great 
Britain Street, Mr. Mannin has another at No. 2, Great Brunswick Street. 
At both these places he carries on the business of a pharmaceutical chemist, 
where prescriptions can be accurately compounded, and family and patent 
medicines dispensed ; medicine chests may be refitted and supplied on 
the shortest notice. He is also agent for Farina's Eau-de-Cologne, the 
genuine stamped Hop Bitters and blood Mixture, Dr. Gregory's antibilious 
pills, and genuine seidlitz powders, the tasteless cod liver oil emulsion with 
nypophosphites, and quinine and iron tonic jirepared by him are far-famed, 
and also his Oriental hair restorer, and magic toothache cure. In short, it 
would be very hard to say what one could not buy appertaining to the 
business of a chemist ; his well-selected stock of sponges and perfumes is 



reason to be proud of an establishment which, in ini|y)rlance and cntrrprine, 
can fairly rank among the large publishi-'g firms of the kingdom. It will, 
we fear, be impossible for us to give, in the limited scope of a review like 
this, anything like a complete descripiion of the goo<l work done by the 
house in question ; but we may quote a few of the various headings of iheir 
publications without troubling the reader with a fully rlassifie<l catalogue. 
Messrs. Gill iV- Son iiublish, among others, such stanilard works as ""The 
Imitation of Christ, by Thomas A'Kcmpis, the Douay Bible, the ".Maxims 
anil Counsels" of .St. Vincent de I'aul, St. I.iguori's " Way of Salvation," 
and other Iwauliul works of literature, including all the celebrated Catholic 
prayer-books and manuals in all sizes and at all prices, many of which are 
exquisite specimens of bookbinding and of typfigraphy, reflecting the highest 
credit on the house producing them. These praycr-lxjoks cover tt-c entire 
field of this class of literature, from the modest little " Path," which may \x 

procured for a couple of |>fnce, 
to the most clalx>ra*cly-finiihed 
ivory-bound missals of the most 
expel. sive description. Nor is 
the religious side of Irish litera- 
ture the only one which re- 
ceives full recognition at the 
O'Connell Street establish- 
ment, as Irish jwetry, fiction, 
and romance are equally well 
represented. lri.sh (loetry, poli- 
ti al pamphlets and works, his- 
tory, .science, and art — all are 
well to the front, forming a 
collection of works im|X)ssil>le 
to surp.ass in the establishment 
of any bookseller in the United 
Kingdom. Messrs. Gill & .Son 
are also publishers of a very 
interesting monthly periodical, 
approjwiately called TAe Irish 
Monihly, which contains con- 
tributions by several distin- 
guished writers, and which is 
replete with interesting and 
amusing ma'.ter. This publi- 
cation has long Iwen a great 
favourite in Irish Catholic 
households, and has already 
reached its sixteenth volume. 
This magazine is sold at six- 
pence lor the monthly part. The firm are naturally large employers, very 
many hands being eng,ig-d on the premises. Its large wholesale trade 
is spread over these and foreign countries ; some idei of its extent 
may be had when we siy that there is scarcely an impirtant retail 
bookseller in any part of Ireland who has not dealings with this firm. 
We regret exceedingly that the obviously limited sjiace at our disposal 
prevents us from going as thoroughly into the merits of this old-estab- 
lished house as we should wish to do, but it would take up a great deal 
more space than we can possibly afford, to give, even in the rough, a cata- 
logue of the firm's books, or anything like a full description of their business. 
W^e are aware how impjssible it is, in a sketch like this, to do more than 
present the rudest outlines, but, such as they are, we trust the reader's mind 
will enable him to fill in for himself the rest of the picture. If we have 
only helped to this result we must rest satisfied. In conclusion, it is 
unnecessary for us to dwell on the high po.-ition the house, commercially 
speaking, occupies, or upon ihe feelings of respect with which the head 
of the firm is regarded, and shall content ourselves wi h bearing very 
willing testimony to the able and efficient manner in which the business 
is conducted. 



most attractive. People that have gone to Mr. Mannin's once, go there again, 
and recommend others to folio .v their example. Like m.iny other professional 
gentlemen, Mr. Mannin prefers not to give the names of any of his numerous 
clients. He leaves them to recommend his goods themselves. Not only does 
he possess the two establishments .already mentioned, he is also the energetic 
and enterprising proprietor of two others. The first of these is a large 
Laboratory, chemical and drug store at 191, Townsend Street, where a very 
large wholesale business is carried on, the fame of which is known far and 
wide, as here it was, that for upwardsof aquarter of a century the Coloured 
Fires of the old Theatre Royal and other theatres (so necessary \o< pantomimic 
effect) were manul^rctured by him ; their brilliant colour totally eclipsed the 
foreign article. Everything in the shape of chemicals and drugs can be 
obtained here at a moderate price, with the full knowledge that the purchaser 
knows perfectly well that he is getting good value for his money, a con- 
sideration by no means to be despised. Many doctors and physicians are 
in the habit of buying their drugs at this store, and no lii;;her recommen- 
dation than this need be asked for regarding their purity and general excel- 
lence. The remaining establi^hment in the name of Air. Mannin is that 
of an oil, colour, varnish, cement and glass store, which is situated at 20<^ 
Great Brunswick Street. At this depot, oils of all sorts, varnishes, paint.«, 
and glass, also scenic artists' colours, can be obtained in large or small 
quantities, and all are guaranteed to be of the very best quality. 



74 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



W. * P. Thompson, Wine Merchants and Shippers, 

S5, Lower Gardiner h.lreet. — A very old and well-known liou^e in the 
wholesale Wink Trade is that of Messrs. Thompson, of Lower Gardiner 
Street, who for many years have honourably been associated with this 
important branch of commerce. Messrs. Thompson occupy extensive and 
hajidsome premises as ofiices, warehouses, and wine cellars at S5, Lower 
Gardiner Street, at the rear of which their bonded warehouses are situated. 
These buildings were erected by themselves in 1870, and afford them great 
conveniences for their home and export trade, as well as enabling them to 
mature their wines, without incurring the usual expenses inseparable from 
storing in public warehouses. The lirm are extensive shippers of wines 
from Spiain, Portugal, and the chief wine-producing countries of Europe, 
and arc in close connection with some of the most celebrated growers. 
During the long period Messrs. Thompson have been before the public, 
they have received a large share of patronage and support ; a most exten- 
sive business being done by them, not only in the city of Dublin, but in 
every part of the cour.tr)'. The firm employ a slaff of travellers, who visit 
all the important towns in Ireland, England, and Scotland, and number 
amongst their customers many of the leading wine and spirit merchants 
throughout the kingdom. 

The Messrs. Thompson established a branch of their house in America 
in the year 1S65, the head-quarters being at 24, Beaver Street, New York, 
and a verj* large trade is done with our American cousins. A stock of 
their various goods is kept in bond at New York, and their wines are to 
be found on the lists of the Pri.ncipal Hotels and best Clubs in the 
United States. They have also established an agency at Melbourne, and 
do a considerable business throughout the Australian colonies and with the 
Cape, India, China, etc. It is impossible not to admire the energj' and 
enterprise of a firm which, not content with its great success at home, has 
planted its foot firmly across the ocean. In conclusion we need not dwell 
on the commercial po'^ition of the house of Thompson, but bear willing 
testimony to the feelings of respect which the clever management of their 
business has gained for the firm. 

J. Atkinson & Co., letter - Press and Lithographic 
Printers, Stationers, and Account-book Manufacturers, 72, Grafton 
Street. — The influenti.il and well-known establishment of .Messrs. J. Atkin- 
son & Co. has been in the hands of the prc^ent firm for more than a quarter 
of a centurj-, and during the whole course of its flourishing and prosperovis 
existence as a.first-cla-ss hou.se in the letter-press and lithographic printing 
trade, has done probably as much as any house in Ireland— if we make one 
or two exception.s — to develop and foster this interesting industry in this 
country. Although so long in being, the healthy vitality of the house is 
ais strong as ever, and certainly shows no sign of decadence, or of relaxing 
the firm and seemingly lasting hold it has got on the sympathy and 
encouragement of the public. The firm occupies a very substantial and 
.admirably planned premises at 72, Grafton Street, a thoroughfare that 
for its fashionable character, the wealth and importance of its commercial 
houses, and its general predominance as a street for business purposes, 
may be fittingly compared with New Bond Street or Regent Stre t in 
London. This old established and highly respectable firm does a 
very large and extensive trade in every branch of letterpress and 
lithographic printing, the specimens of modern and old style printing 
issuing from their press being of the most admirable and desiiable 
p;rfcction. We have before us a sm.ill specimen of their work in the 
form of an advertisement of the house itself, produced in the old style 
of block printing, which is in itself an effort of the highest art in this 
particular direction, and which we make bold to say will compare with 
any similar production of any house in the trade. The business done by 
the firm is extensive, as will be gathered from a statement of the fact that 
they find it necessary to employ as many as five-and-twcnty hands in the 
working in their establishment. The patronage the firm has received at all 
times — patronage from the best classes, and most influential circles — has 
been very great, and is a most flattering testimony to the wide. spread 
appreciation with which their labours have been met. Messrs. Atkinson & 
Co. have quite recently added new machinery, type, etc., to their already 
extensive plant in order, as they themselves remark, to facilitate the 
fulfilment of their extensive contracts within the time they mention. 
Their business consists of the printing of books and pain|ihlcts, as well a.s 
all kinds of commercial and private cards, circulais, handliills, memo' 
forms, programmes, and testimonials, all of which they execute, most 
accurately printed, and at such modest prices as utterly to defy competition. 
An idea of the extensive and influential patronage that has been bestowed 
on the firm, will be realised on reading the list of learned societies and 
other public bodies who arc among the regular supporters of their 
establishment. Besides Iwing printers of the Jrish AU'iical Dimlory, 
they arc also printers to the Koyal College of .Surgeons, Ireland, the Irish 
Medical Association, and th; medical profession generally. And they have 
lately printed a book of over four-hundred pages entitled a " Medicil 
History of the Mealh Hospital." They likewise do a large amount of 
sporting printing, including the Jtish Ha<ing Cj/fWf/nr (annual and weekly 
editions) an'l arc patroniseil by the stewards of the Irish National and 
Kildarc Hunt, al^o the recently established l.eopardslown Club, where in- 
augural nieeiings will lake place about the cn<l of August. They arc also 
largely employed throughout the year by the various bodies connected with 
the churcli, etc., and indeed by every section of the better classes in 
Dublin. The firm has long lx;cn held in high estimation in commercial 
circles as a first-rate house, the individual members of which are justly and 
highly otccmctl and respected by all who have intercourse with them. 



Bartholomew McHCallen, Saddler, S-t, Dawson Street.— The 

shop in wliich Mr. Piartholoinc.v Mj.MulIen carries on his flourishing and 
most extensive business as harness-maker and saddler, is large, well-titted, 
and happily situated. The house itself is large and suitably constnicted for 
the business, affording room in its immense apartments for the working of 
the most complicated and oft«ntimes unwieldy-looking machinery. It is 
fitted and furnished in a luxurious manner, and few houses in Dublin 
display exhibits of such striking beauty and so attractive and interesting as 
are set out in the glass cases and shelves within, or in the huge plate-glass 
windows which are in no small degree responsible for the tasteful appear- 
ance of the exterior. The stock consists of articles of the usual kind, such 
as bridles, reins, colKirs, and hunting and racing saddles. Of these saddles 
a speciality is made by this house, .ind their patent, worth, and durability 
and usefulness bear proof to the care and attention that have in a special 
m.anner been bestowed on this department. The record in lightness of 
racing-saddles in Ireland is probably held by Mr. McMuUen, as he has 
manufactured many complete in every detail, the weight of them not 
exceeding 2/< pounds. The call for these saddles by v.arious jockeys, 
proves that they are more than mere curiosities, and are of real adv.an- 
tage to those engaged in horse-racing. The house has now completed a 
run of three-quarters of a century ; and though in some features it is 
excusably old-fashioned, in excellence of make and materi.il, and in novelty 
of cut and design, it h.as, thanks to the adapt.ibility of Mr. McMuUen to 
changed circumstances, been passed by none, and equalled by but few of 
its juniors. 

Mr. Thomas Glass, Cork Manufacturer and Importer, 

25, Upper Abbey .Stieci. — i he wiiolesale trade in corks constitutes an im- 
portant branch of commercial activity in the metropolis, and in this connec- 
tion it is a pleasure to make prominent mention of one of the oldest and 
most widely known firms in the trade. We refer to that of Mr. Thomas 
Glass, cork manufacturer and importer. This house was founded about 
twenty-seven years ago, and from its incep ion has enjoyed an enviable 
reputation. Its successful career furnishes a good illustration of what can 
be accomplished by well-directed energies and honourable business methods. 
The premises occupied are spacious and commodious, and embrace besides 
the shop, an extensive workshop, which is well arranged and equipped with 
every facility and convenience for the prosecution of ilie industry, as well as 
for the transactions of the business ; and in this connection it may be 
mentioned that one of Mr. Glass's cork-cutting machines might have been 
seen in action in the last Artisans' Exhibition in Dublin. All sizes of corks 
are manufactured at this establishment, and a large stock of corks of all kinds 
is kept, and the house does an extensive trarf-j both in the metropolis and 
parts of the country. Its connections, both city and suburban, are of a first- 
class character, and with the sin.erior facilities at its command, it is enabled 
to ofler special advantages to customers, and to execute all orders in the 
promptest and most satisfactory manner. Twelve hands are constantly 
employed, who thoroughly understand the manufacture, and are skilled and 
experienced workpeople. The busii?ess is under the personal su]iervision of 
its able proprietor, and is in every respect a credit to his skill and energy, as 
well as to the important industry it so nobly represents. Tlie head of the 
house is a gentleman of great capacity, and is held in the highest esteem as 
an enterprising and thoroughly reliable business man, while by his courtesy 
and promptitude he has won the respect and confidence of his large ami 
valuable connection. In fact, he is so well known that his reputation 
is beyond the requirements of praise, while his good name throughout the 
trade is such as accrues only to those who control old-eslabli.shed concerns, 
whose lengthy records are untarnished by any infringement of the code of 
mercantile honour. 

T. Cochrane & Co., Painters and Decorators, 23, Moles- 
worth Street.- Tlie painting and decorating trade of the city is one of 
considerable importance, and has devoted to its cultivation and develop- 
ment numerous alliaclive ani well appointed cslablishments, amongst 
these may be noted the well-known firm of Messrs. T, Cochrane i: Co., 
23, Molesworth Street. 'I his concern, now so popularly known and 
reputed in city and country, was founded as far back as thirty years ago, 
and has enjoyeil a long and prosperous career, and at present is favoured 
with a most extensive ami widely. spread ])atronage. Situated in a most 
central po^ition in the prosperous locality adjoining Dawson Street, 
Kildaie .Street, and Stephens Green, it is admirably located for the 
development of a lucrative business. The premises are extensive, con- 
sliluted of a fine substantial structure, having a frontage of twenty. one 
feet and a depth of sixty feet. The shop and workshops are sp.acious and 
suitably arranged .and fitted, and in the workshop there is constantly 
employed a large slalf of experienced workmen engaged in the several 
ilutics, and some are despilched to the country when required. The shop 
is well stocked with a choice assortment of the latest designs and patterns 
of room papers from the most eminent manufacturing firms, oils, paints, 
colours, varnishes, leads, stains, brushes, and all requisites in the painting 
line. This firm h.as very extensive tr.nle operations in all parts of the ciiy 
and in almost every county in Ireland, where their work is long and well 
known and deseivedly appreciateii by all patrons for superiority in design 
and finish, defying all eompelilori. The firm keeps well in the front 
rank, and has justly ensured a lasting city and provincial fame for highly 
artistic beauty displayed in connection with the work executed both in 
painting an I decorating. None but the best materials arc ever used in any 
contracts and operatives of undoubted abilities employed. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Salmon & Co., Wi»e aud Geueral Morcliants, R.i;;i;ot 
Slrttl aiul llcnry .Stictl.^.Vmoiij; llic t;rcii; commercial houses in Duiilin 
engagcil in the wine and yenetal supply trades, tliere is none cntilled, 
eilhcr from the respfclabilily of its connection, or its importance as a 
bouse of business, to take a hij^lier or m <re prominent position than that 
oC the eminent linn of Sahiion & Co. This house w.os established abiait 
twelve years ago, and from the commencement of its career earned for 
itsulf the highest reputation by the purity, quality, and general excellence 
of its goods. The good name thus won at its inception it has been the 
studious effort of its management to maintain ; and we have only to look 
to the position of the house to-day to recognise how successful the endea- 
vour has been. Starting with the idea of selling nothing IhM was not 
absolutely unimpeachable in its quilily, the house soon began to reap 
the benefit of such a wise .ind prudent course of conduct, and the nucleus 
of a business connection became formcil, which, growing with the house's 
growth and expanding with its strength, is at present as large and inllu- 
ential .is that of any house in the three kingdoms. Messrs. Salmon & Co. 
occupy most extensive premises at the addresses above given, handsome, 
commodious, and Gtted within and without in a manner suit.ab!e to the 
high position in the trade occupied by the firm, and reflecting the greatest 
•credit on the taste and judgment of those responsible for their construc- 
tion. All the latest and most modern applLinccs in connection with the 
trade will be found in use, and the appointments and shop furniture every- 
thing that can be desired. The whole arrangement of the premises is 
•excellently designed, and the space available is admir.-ibly economised, 
with a view to tlie best possible display of the large and valuable stock of 
goods with which the premises arc lilleil. Enormous stocks are held, and 
■a glance at the copious catalogue will show thnt there is hardly an article 
in any w,iy connected with the general supply business which is not here 
to be found. Of late years there has been a large widening of the limits 
of what used to be a grocer's stock, of which Salmon & Co. have taken the 
fullest advantage, and many .articles are now sold by this or other nrst-class 
houses, which thirty years ago would never have been dreamt of. In the 
tea line, the firm of Salmon & Co. are famous, and the stock at present 
stored in the house fully ma ntains the character of the establishment in 
this most important matter. In the wine department an equally discrimin- 
ating judgment has been shown, and here also the house possesses a stock 
whith wdl compare favourably with that of any house in the trade. 
Messrs. Salmon & Co. hold that it is a popular fallacy to imagine thai a 
good wine cannot be obtained at a moderate price, and that if it be sold at 
-a low price it must necessarily be bad. They contend that such is not the 
■case, and that the high, not to say exorbitant prices charged and paid for 
wine are entirely due to the habit of giWng long credit, and that for cish a 
sound and good wine may be and is obtainable at a comparatively mode- 
rate figure. We confess we are inclined to fall in with this view, and 
<;crlainly the firm itself gives absolute proof of its correctness. A visit to 
the sampling rooms of the firm proves the fact that by paying cash down 
it is possible to get a wine fully equal to any sold in the trade, and forty 
per cent, cheaper at least than the same wine sold by some houses doing 
business on the credit system. The wine stock we need not particularise, 
beyond saying it includes every article that can be desired by the general 
consumer or the connoisseur. To their slucks of old Dublin and Scotch 
whiskies the firm devote unceasing attention, and sell them free from 
toning of any description. What h.is been said of the grocery and wine 
departments applies with equal r>rce to the other branches in which the 
firm is engaged. These include provisions, Italian goods, fruits, tobaccos, 
cigars, perfumery, patent medicines, drugs, mincr.al oils, brushes, general 
fancy goods, and Japanese and American specialities. The history of this 
firm is (to say the very least) unique. It does not advertise, its business 
is in the best part of the city and with the best classes. It is the youngest 
house in the high-class family and general trades in Dublin, and itf, busi- 
ness goes on increasing day after day and year after year. A branch 
establishment had to be opened in Henry Street to meet the requirements 
of customers ; others are to follow. The trade done is something enormous, 
as will be gathered from the fact that the firm employs considerably over 
Ji hundred hands, and twelve vans for their business deliveries. 



Hill & Smith, Iron 'Worts, 47, Dawson Street.— The firm of 
Hill i: Smith, which has lor more than forty years carried on one of the 
(iiost extended iron busi lesses in KngLind at Hr erley Hill, Dudley, opened, 
about eight years ago, a branch house at 47, Dawsjn .Street, which bids 
fair to fully upho d the world-wide reput ition of th: parent etablishment. 
The house at 47, Dawson street, is ol considerable size, and is admirably 
suited fv^r their business. Their manufactures are arranged into four bioad 
and well-delined sections, mak ng themselves at once apparent. First, 
there is the department containing iron sheds and roofing, in which arc 
cxhibiteil al sorts of galvanised iron shees. The next gfcat division is 
compjsed of iron and wire fencing huidlcs, ga'es, and tree-guards, which 
are applicable, and, indeed, especidly constructed for the improvement of 
landed property, demesnes, and moikl farms. In this section is shown 
the testimonial received from the manager of the Royal estate at H.ilmoral. 
The ornamental gates for private houses show a freshness of design and 
excellence ol finish which deserve especial praise. The third departm .•nt is 
.il'.otted to garden furniture, an 1 is of unusual merit and beauty. It includes 
bwing water-barrows, either for the hand or fitted with pony or do ikey 



75 



shifts, the prices of which range from £2 to/f5 ; iron hose n-c! ' ' , 
wheelbarrows of wrojghl-irin, cricket or ganl-n icnts, awnings 
garden .seals, camp stools, folding chairs, garden rollers, g • 
plant frames, dog-kennels, and poultry-homt-j of superior quality, make,' 
and design. The last division is devme 1 to the articles n )t cla.sc 1 in the 
prccciling three depirtmens, and embraces Italian tilei, rixif gutters, 
g.ilvanised roof lights, chiinney-cowls, wire netting, oilcans, pi nt kecs! 
together with buckets, watering-pots, and tubs. 



P. Sanderson & Sons, Coach Builders, etc., 3t. Lower 

Uominick Street. — In the rapi.l march of commercial progre., which has 
distinguished the activity of Dublin during the last qua.ter of a century 
the manufacture of cabs, carriages, and other, vehicles has conslitute.1 a 
most impoitant item. Foremost in the ranks of metropolitan builders 
stands tlie well-known house of Messrs. F. Sanderson & Sons wh^.sc 
productions for taste, finish, strength, and durability, stand unrivalled 
t-ver since the foundation of this now popular concern was lail so far 
back as 1859, it developed features that at once di-played in a most 
lorcible manner the solid b.asis upon which its operations were intended to 
be pursued. With a consistency worthy of the promoters of this p.jpular 
undertaking, the pledges gi%'en have been faithfully and systematically 
pcrlormed. Conscientious dealing, based upon a thorough appreciation of 
the wants and requirements of a numerous and singularly incre-isinc 
patronage, has ever been a striking characteristic of the operations of the 
hrm. Year by year the business grew and fresh orders poured in uninter- 
niptedly, until the business had almost increased beyond the resources of 
the management. But the proprietors, ever alive to the exigencies of 
circumstances, coped with any dilTiculties in this direction, increase.1 their 
staff and .added periodically to their producing powers, until now they are 
capable of turning every order out with the greatest promptitude and 
despatch. Their cars and carriages are models of completeness, as is fully 
evidenced in the fact that in 1S65, and again in 1SS2, they were awarded 
first medals of meat at the Exhibition of Irish Art and .Manufacture. The 
firm do not exactly confine themselves to the manufacture of private cabs 
and carr.ages, they turn out every kind of vehicle that goes to do duty on 
our roads and public thoroughfares, from the shopkeeper's van to the 
hglitest and most fashionable cabs, cars, and carriages, that "ive im- 
port.ance and tone to the appearance of the aristocracy whether in^town or 
country. The house draws attention to the selection of wheels of every 
kind they keep in stock, and it is only fair to say that their productions in 
this particular department have long been celebrated for the seasoned 
character of the materials used, and the soundness and reliabilitv of the 
manner m which they are put together. An idea of the popularity of the 
concern, and the extensive patronage the house commands, 'will be 
gathered from the fact that their goods and manufactures find a market 
not only in Ireland, but in England, America, and Icdia. The pro- 
prietors are gentlemen of long and varied experience in this particular 
trade, and have earned for themselves a reputation that is alwavs insepa. 
rably associated with honest dealing and upright business principles. 



B.. McGrath, Merchant TaUor (Late of Bookev, O'Connell 

Street), 4>^, Marlborough Street.— About seven years ago the idea was 
conceived by Mr. K. McGr.ath to establish a first-class tailoring and out- 
fitting establishment in the neighbourhood of Marlborough Street The 
present site of Mr. McCrath's premises happening at^he time' to be 
vacant, they were taken by him, and from that date to this a xvidcsnread 
and succe-slul trade has been carried on there. It is not to ever\- newly 
est.iblished business that it is given to s,ay that, within the limits o( tl5e 
period during which its trade has been in progress, it has realised the 
expectations of its founder ; but this, fortunately, is the fact as regards his 
^o"'»"r'„ "^ ''' P"^""^'^' "■•'i'^h the establishment occupies are situated at 
48, Marlborough Street, and are of a very comfortable and commodious 
description. Ihe upper part of the building is occupied by Mr. .McGrath 
as a dwelling-house, the entire ground floor being devoted to purposes of 
business. The shop, which is a fairly largesijKd apartment, is admirably 
fitted with a direct Mew to the use it is intended for, and yet with a 
certain though; also for its .attr.activeness and effective appearance Mr 
McGraths orders are all executed on the premises by competent h.inds; 
N.iturally, m a tailor s establishment, the employment of go >d and efficient 
cutters is_a matter of supreme importance, and Mr. McGrath takes special 
charge of this branch. I he greatest care Aas so been shown, and with the 
good result that Mr. McGrath may rely on the perfect .s.ati,f.,etion he is 
by this mc.ins able to give his customers. The establi-hment is admirably 
stocked with a large supp y of the Latest patterns in twee.is, for suits or 
trousers. All the articles offered having been procured only from the best 
Irish English, and Scotch makers, may be relied upon for their excellence 
and durabdiiy In cloth also the house is able to furnish a large supply of 
plain black or blue broadcloth, as well as many new patterns of the modern 
manufacture known as diagonal. The establishment is furnisheil with vcrv 
convenient apartments for the customers' use. All those, and they are 
m,any vjho have patronised the establishment, express themselves perfectly 
satisfied with the fit, quality, and style of the garments supplied to them. 

F 2 



76 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Tlie City of Dublin Drag Hall; Proprietors, Messrs. 
Hoyte & Son, Who^csalo Druggists, and Spice, Oil, Colour, 
Window Glass, and General Hercbants. i;, I.uwer Sackville .Street, 
and 3, L-aslt a! : v Street. — The "oldest inh.ibitant " cannot remember 
when the c ai-.t-r i if Sackville Street and Sackville Place was not occupied 
as a chemist and druggist's establishment. Old people will tell you that 
their fathers were customers of " Hoyte & Flood," as, for more than sixty 
years, the sale of drugs, chemica's, oils, and colours has been carried on 
M this establishment, and " Hoyte's Corner" is a well-known landmark 
in the city ; yet though the name has varied from time to time, being 
successively " Hoyte & Flood," " (Jeorge Hoyte," and " Hoyte & Son," 
and for some years Beater & Co., the business has gone on increasing arid 
extending, until now its customers are to be found in every county in 
Ireland, and even, we are informed, shipping orders are received from 
places so remote as Buenos .\yres. The reason of this extensive connection 
is not far to find, for while ever selling at as low prices as pos-ible, the high 
standard of quality in the various articles sold hai been fully maintained. 

Upon first entering from Sackville Street, the visitor will find himself 
in a large, well-lighted shop, where intelligent assistants are actively 
engaged m the ordinary work of a retail chemist's business. In this 




department will be found a large and varied stock of every article which 
may be required in this branch, including perfumery, toilet soaps, and 
brushes, of ever)' description fur personal and household use; on the shelves 
behind, all the drugs and chemicals in general demand, which have been 
purchased with the greatest care, and of guaranteed quality, will be 
found duly arranged in bottles and drawers ; baskets of sponges on the 
floor tempt the buyer, and the sale of veterinary preparations is made a 
specialty ; and here we would add that, discarding old-fashioned ideas of 
chemists' profits, Messrs. Hoyte & Sons sell all the leading patent medicines 
at co-operative prices. Quite separate from the general business is the 
department for the compounding of physicians' prescript ons, of which the 
managing member of the firm, Mr. J. N. Hardy, L. P.S.I. , is the pro- 
prietor. Here every p-escription is carefully compounded by a qualified 
assistant, and duly examined and checked before being delivered, all 
medicines for external use are sent out in special bottles, of different shape 
or colour to those intended for internal use, poisons are kept in a special 
locACr, and every precaution is taken to prevent any mistake in the com- 
pounding of prescriptions ; the manager of this department resides on the 
premises, medicines therefore can be procured at any hour of the night, as 
also at stated limes on Sundays and holidays. A great part of the upper 
portion of these premises is occupied as a s'.oreroom for large quantities 
of drysalteries, diugs, chemical*, chandlery, etc., as in addition to the 
retail ttade referred to, Messrs. Hoyte & Son do a consideralile wholesale 
business. But we must huiry on, and the visitor will kindly come wiih us 
through a covered passage to the Abbey Street jircmises of this extensive 
business. Here the scene changes, as we are in the window glass, oil and 
colour, and room pa[)cr departments ; in one pirt may be seen great panes 
of plate glass ready for shop windows, or stained and ornamental glass 
of cicry description for domestic and ecclesiastical purposes, large casks of 
oil and bales of pajicr demonstrate the varied character of this branch of 
Messrs. Hoyte's business. 

In concluding this short notice, we can only add that the success which 
has attended this old established house (or many years is more than ever 
deservcl by the energy which now marks its management, and the good 
va'ue which is given to its customers in the various departments we have 
briefly referred l<>. 

Thomas Moffitt & Co., Tire-proof Safe Manufacturers, 

27. Lower Ormond Quay. — The old-established business of .Mesrs. T. 
Mofiitt & Co. holds a prominent and important position among the manu- 
facturers of iron safes, c!c. hslablished nearly ninety years ago, it soon 
secured for itself a widespread and lasting reputation for the excellence of 
w-orkmanship and the strong and durable character of the goods supplied 
to its customers. The high fame achieved by the firm eighty-eight years 
ago has gained fresh lusire as time has sped, until at the present moment 
there is probably no house in the safe-making trade better or more widely 
known, or whose safes arc more eagerly sought after by all desirous of 



obtaining a thoroughly useful and Lasting article. Messrs. Moffitt & Co. 
do a very considerable trade, not merely in Ireland but throughout the- ' 
United Kingdom, from all parts of which the most flattering expressions 
of s.itisfaciion on the part of purchasers are constantly received. That 
the firm should have been appointed safe-makers to the Bank of Ireland 
and the National Bank, Limited, from its foundation to the f>resent time, 
is in itself a testimonial of the highest character, as it will be readily 
understood that none but an establishment of the first r.ink, and most 
celebrated for good workmanship, could have been singled out for so 
signal a mark of distinction. The large and increasing business of the 
firm is attended to by an intelligent and efiicicnt staff. We wish we 
had space to enter fully into a description of some of Messrs. Moffitt 
& Co. 's manufactures ; but altogether apart from the necessarily limited 
n,iture of this article, we feel that only with the help of block illustration 
could anything like justice be done to the great and varied excellence of ■ 
their stock. A large share of the high esteem in which the firm is held is 
no doubt due to the punctuality and despatch with which all commissions 
entrusted to them are executed, as well as the unfailing civility the public 
receive from the highest to the lowest in their employment. 



Boyle & Co., Artists in 'Wood Carving and Art 
Furniture, "9, Lower Gardiner Street. — That delightfid branch of 
artistic industry comprised under the name of wood-carving has been 
carried to the greatest perfection by the firm of Boyle & Co., of Lower 
Gardiner Street, who have now enjoyed the esteem and patronage of the 
public generally for the long space of fifty-three years. This oUI established 
and delightful business was founded in the year 1S35, and rapidly succeeded 
in reviving what many persons thought or feared was a lost art in Dublin. 
The art itself is one that is largely cultivated on the Continent, ancf 
notably in Germany, where in Munich and other towns it largely con- 
tribates to the wealth and importance of the State as a flmrishing form 
of industrial and artistic enterprise. Of late years in th's country, under 
the fostering care of the South Kensington system of art training, and 
through the medium of the various afiiliated schools of art throughout the 
kingdom, a not unsuccessful attempt has been made towards its revival in 
the Biilish Isles ; but it is largely to the credit of Messrs. Boyle & Co. that 
long before the movement mentioned, they acted as pioneers in this 
direction, and it is with great pleasure we find that to the care of one of 
this firm, Mr. James F. Boyle (who was for many years a most successful 
pupil of the Royal Dublin Society's Art Schools, and of the Royal 
Hibernian Academy's), has been entrusted the instruction of the pupils of 
the wood-caiving classes in connection with the Technical Schools recently 
established and much needed in the city. Messrs. Boyle & Co. occupy 
business premises at 79, Lower Gardiner Street, where they carry on 
extensive transactions in the manufacture of carved wood articles of 
furniture, principally for the use of churches, etc. Messrs. Boyle & Co. 
are designers and manufacturers of church and art furniture generally of 
every description, and the excellence of the work produced by them ir 
warmly praised by all who are competent to pass judgment upon it. The 
work turned out by the firm will compare favourably with any houses now 
engaged in this industry, and for be.auty of design and skill of carving 
cannot, we feel sure, be surpassed by any in the same trade in Dutdin, 
and we are happy to notice that they were prominent exhibitors in 
the Irish Exhibition in London, where they displ.ayed some beautiful 
mirrors and chairs, richly carved, in the Chippendale style, which spoke 
for themselves and were well worthy the praise which \\.is liberally be- 
stowed upon them by art critics and the press generally. The busi- 
ness has received a very generous recognition from the clergy and others- 
interested in church fitting. The members of the firm individually are 
highly respected as trustworthy servants of the public, and for the business- 
like and prompt manner in which they attend to any orders that are 
entrusted to th.ni. 

Byrne, Maliony, & Co., Corn and Flour Merchants, 
Halt Factors, and Commission Agents. 4, Cope .s<trcet. — The enornmus 
amount of corn and flour used in Ireland, h.as put it long since beyond the 
capacity of our country to bear enough for the necessities of its people. The 
importation of these products from foreign states has in consoquence become 
a most prominent branch of business in our city, and as a result, there are 
many important establishments devoted to this ti.ade. Pre-eminent 
amongst these is the well-known firm of commission agents, Messrs. 
Byrne, Mahony, & Co. Although only six years established, this house 
has attained a rank of superiority that can be claimed by few others in its- 
line. The premi.ses are s luated in the busiest centre of the metropolis, 
and comprise a handsome suite of offices, and a most commodious set of 
warehouses. These arc cffcicntly cared .and attended to by competent 
assistants, and the business is served by many horses and floats. The flours 
imported include the finest brands from the Unitid States, France, 
Germany, and Hungary, and the qualities suppliel by this house are, in 
moderation of price anti general excellence, unequalled. In addition, this, 
firm, as malt factors, have an extensive and increasing patronage, as well as 
being commission .agents for many well-known firms in Fngland, Ireland, 
and Scotland. In its entirety, we know of no house that is better qualifietf 
to occupy a sp.acc in this review of the leading industrial interests of Dublin. 
Every detail of its business is characterised by that spirit of enterprise whicl> 
has already attained a reputation for it as unique as it is ilistinguished. 
The management is personally superintentled by the pr 'prietary in a manner 
that is recognised to be straight'orward, cntcrpris ng, and energetic. 



INDUSTRIES or DUliLlN. 



77 



Dablin Coal Company, 5, nOlicr Street, Coal Merchants 
<Tliiimas J. Yoiiiii;, I'roprictor).— ThU i-i one of (he oMest firmi in ihs 
city conneclcil with tfie coal Irale. It was foiin<le(l as far back as 1824, 
with a capital of jf 40,000, ami possesses a history of honourable successful 
trade. The proprietor of this eminent concern is Thomas J. YounK, Esii., 
one of the most successful cit/ merchants. Th,- firm is .nlmirably situate.l 
for this particular branch of comnercc. It orcupie; a must central position 
in IVOlier Street, near its junction with Carlisle Hri<lKe, which is a con- 
nectinK link Ijetwc.-n Sackville and D'Olier Streets for both the north ami 
south sides of the city. Indeed, its position is one of the bcs'. to be found, 
as it is close to South Wall and the Custom llmsc Djcks, where coal 
deliveries from across channel mostly take place. This firm imports larijely 
from the scver.il coal producing centres of Kngland, Scotland, and Wales. 
The goods are p.irchaseil in large quantity, the best terms as to cost 
and frci'ht b.-ing secured. Irish coal from the midland counties is also 




%rx^ 



supplied ; with incrcising railway facilities this branch of native industry 
will become more developed. The firm enjoys a most extensive and wide- 
spread patronage, extending over all parts of the city and suburbs. Large 
contracts are also entered into for the supplying provincial orders, manu- 
facturers, railway companies, etc. The establishment possesses a splendid 
sLaunch connection of customers, having also the support of Royalty for the 
superior class of goods supplied. In connection wilh the business operations 
of the firm there are employed a large staff of workmen, storemen, carters, 
etc. There is a respectable stafT engaged in the counting-house, D'Olier 
Street. A leading feature in the working of the concern is a proverbially 
moderate scale of prices to :iieet all competition. The firm has kept well 
to the front in this truly competitive class of trade. The business is under 
most superior management. The proprietor, Mr. Young, being intimately 
associated with the trade, succeeds his family, and like his predecessors has 
tamed the respect and esteem of his numerous patrons, customers and 
friends. 



James Gibson & Son, Decorators, House Painters, 
stained Gloss nr^anufictarers and General Contractors, 49 and 50, 
Mary Street ; Stores, 125, Upper Abbey Street. — One of the most eminent 
firms in Dublin in its particular line of business is that of Messrs. James 
Gib.son & Son, of Mary Street, who for upwards of half a century have 
carried on the business of house decorators and manufacturers of stained 
glass, earning for themselves, in all 1 ranches of their calling, a high-class 
reputation. The establishment occupies very large and important premises 
at Nos. 49 and 50 in the street just named, wilh stores at 125, Upper 
Abbey Street, the fittings and appointments of which are of the most com- 
plete description. These premises are very extensive, occupying a frontage 
of about fivc-and-forty feet, with a depth from front to rear of nearly one 
hundred ami twenty-five feet, consisting of show-rooms, galleries, and 
offices, all of which are commodiously arranged and decorated in a manner 
which in itself is an advertisement for the establishment. The front portion 
of the premises in Mary Street is utilised as show-rooms, etc., the offices 
lying towards the rear, while the upper portions of the building are advan- 
tageously appropriated as ware-rooms for the storage of the varied assort- 
ment of paperhangings, encaustic tiles, mouldings, etc., forming part of the 
stock of the establishment. In this matter of house decoration the firm 
has long been preeminent, and the greatest judgment and refined and 
cultivated taste have been displayed in selecting and originating the various 
designs contained in their collection. The attractive business of glass 
staining has been carried on by this firm for many) ears. The p.i'ronage 
bestowed on the house by all sections of society in Dublin and throughout 
the kingdom has been of the most flattering description, and in itself 
speaks for the able and efficient manner in which the business has been 



conducted. As decorators, house painters, and general contractors, this 
firm has a very larue and wiilely extended connection among the most 
influential circles of Irish society, and has everywhere given satisfaction. 
They take on very heavy contracts for the decoration of private mansions, 
commercial houses, shops, and public buildings. Among the latter class 
we may mention that (or the riecoration of the graml lo 'ge-room in the 
iJuljlin Freemasons' Hall, which was carried out by this firm, and which 
is, to our mind, one of the most successful and artistically complete piece* 
of work of the kinil ever carried out in Dublin. A principal feature in ihi* 
splendid decoration is a series of pictures illustrating the building o( 
Solomon's Temple, and which are specimens of the highest form of mural 
decoration. The pictures arc of great size, semicircular in form, and 
painted in monochrome on Koman canvas inserted in the spaces over the 
cornices, a tint of cappa brown being used upon a gold background. The 
drawing and compos'tion of the work is very fine, and reflects credit on the 
artistic skill of the painter. The other decorations of this magnificent 
room are arranged with the view of blending the colouring to suit the gas- 
light, a rich gold colour being the prevading tone of the wall panels, 
wliich are surrounded by broad styles of neutral grey and massive malted 
gilt mouldings, whilst the spaces under the gold-lettered frieie are of a blue 
tint with arabesque tiacery in white, the pillars of ivory-coloured enamel, 
with capitals and bases heavily gilded resting on dados of claret-colour, 
forming a pleasing background to the blu; uphoUttrcd furniture, etc. 
Some idea of the extensive nature of the business transactions of the house 
is gathered from the fact that they employ during the season as many as 
200 hands of various trades in conducting their business. An establish- 
ment like this we have just been trying to describe is an honour to any 
ci y or town, no matter how important, and certainly deserve; the patronage 
and encouragement which it has received among, as we have said, all 
c asses and sections of the community. Conducted on such lines as the 
founder of the house proposed to himself when starting on his commercial 
career, from its very inception the house was bound to succeed ; and 
favoured as it is by good management, and an artistic talent that probably 
no other house in Dublin can boast or', we can anticipate nothing for it 
but a long career of ccmimcrcial prosperity. We much regret that the 
necessarily limited nature of the space at our disposal prevents us from 
dealing more i/t exienso with the meriis of this truly representative Dublin 
house of business, but are obliged by the pressure of space referred to 
here to confine our reniaiks. In relucianlly bidding farewell, however, to 
the interesting subject and nature of Messrs. James Gibson & Son's busi- 
ness, we desire to pay a deserved compliment to this well-known firm for 
the unfailing couitesy and genial politeness which distinguishes their 
manner towards their customers and the public generally. How much the 
latter has had to do with the success of the business we will not stop to 
enter into, only observing that individually the fiim are highly and de- 
servedly popular among all with whom they are brought into contact, and 
they are highly respected for the integrity and honour marking all their 
business relations. 

John Healy, Grocer and Wine Merchant, 3 and 4, Lord 

Edwaril Street. — It is pleasant to note in these limes of depiession the 
great improvements which have been m.ade in the locality of Lord Edward 
Mreet. The construction of this thoroughfare h.is brought to light many 
of the historical objects with which the neighbourhood abounds. It may 
not be generally knnwn that the town mansion of the celebrated Arch- 
bishop Usher, who flourished here a couple of centuries ago, is still in 
existence, and is now known as 3, Lord Eilward Street. The house is 
identified by the stone which still embellishes the front, bearing the Usher 
coat-of-arms. It was here, too, that the gifted Clarence Mangan first saw 
the light and parsed his earliest days ; and Higgins, the "sham squire," 
commenced his remarkable career. Previous to the clearing away of 
the upper cml of Fisliamb'e Street, the old house had fallen into a 
state of dilapidation, almost approaching ruin ; but the present proprietor, 
Mr. John Healy, having purchised it, set about restoring it, and after 
making various improvements at enormous expense, he has converted 
it into a grocery establishment which is worthy of the street that 
will perpetuate the name of one of our noblest patriots. This establishment 
is splendidly situated at the top of Lord Hdward Street and facing Christ 
Church Cathedral, and from front to rear measures ninety feet. The 
interior of the premises is handsomely fitted up with all the latest im- 
provements and conveniences for the thorough carrying out of the busi- 
ness. The house contains large .and comprehensive stocks of every kind 
of commodity suitable to a really first-rate family grocer's trade. Four 
assistants are employeil, who are jxilite and civil, and take every pains to 
meet the wishes and requirements of cu.'-tomers. The business is thoroughly 
well organised, and each department bears evidence of being conducted in 
a sound, methodical, .and business like manner, and all orders are executed 
with punctuality and despatch. In the wine department will be found 
large and extensive stocks of every kind of foreign and other wines of the 
lies' brands, growths, and vintages : ports, sherries, Tarragona, clarets, 
Madeira, Marsalas, Californian, etc., and many other wines of high-class 
and reliable character, besides brandies, whiskies (ol which he is a bonder), 
and other spirits. With the excellent f.icilities at his command, and giving 
as he does close personal supervision lo every detail, Mr. Healy is enabled 
to offer special advantages to customers, and with the capital at his com- 
mami, and the prestige he enjoys, we have the best reasons fur regarding 
the progress and |>rosperity of the house in the just as but the antccedeoU 
of still greater prosperity in the future. 



78 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Smjrtli & Co. (Limited), Original Balbriggan Hosiery, 

36 and 37, Lower Abbey Street. — Ver)' nearly one humlral and fifty years 
ago, at the peaceful and picturesque-looking village of Balbriggan, was l.iid 
In a modest and unostentatious manner the foundation stone of what was 
aftenvards to prove a great and flourishing national industry. About the 
year 1740, the manufacture of Irish hosiery was commenced in a very 
modest way by a certain Mr. Mathews, who at a place called Tanner's 
Water — close by Balbriggan — started a small factory. This business Mr. 
Mathews continued with a fair amount of success for about a quarter of a 
centur)', when a Mr. Fulham started a rival factoi-y at Balbriggan. Shortly 
after this the trade was joined by a certain Mr. Hatton, and in 17S0, Messrs. 
Smyth & Co., whose flourishing business forms the subject of our present 
review, established themselves also in the same locality. The theory of the 
" survival of the fittest " was exemplified in this as in other matters ; the 
smaller capit.ilists, being unable to bear the competition of their latest and 
more wealthy rival, gradually retired or joined the ranks of the em/iloyes, 
and the firm of Smyth & Co. held the field. From that date downwards, 
a period now extending over one hundred and some odd years, the name of 
Smyth & Co. has been the one most honourably associated with this well- 
known and flourishing industry, and to-day represents it as efficiently as at 
any time in its past career. Within the last twenty or twenty-one years, 
Messrs. Smyth & Co have built a handsome and spacious factory at this 
pretty little fishing vilbge, on a commanding site near the Drogheda Kail- 
way, which lends to the spot an attractive and imposing appearance. This 
splendid factory is supplied with a valuable plant of machinery — most of 
which is new — and other and most modern appliances for the carrying on 
of their extensive works, and manage to do an enormous amount of good in 
the way of giving employment, without which the poor people of the village 
would be entirely dependent on the fishing industry. Many of the male 
population of Balbriggan are either fishermen or agriculturists ; while the 
women and children obtain profitable employment in connection with the 
factory. Much of the work cin be performed at the employes' homes — many 
women and girls earning a substantial livelihood by embroidery, etc., at 
their own cottages. There are, at this admirable establishment, about 
eighty looms at present at work, and we are glad to learn that the company 
have in immediate contemplation the erection of several more. The work 
turned out from the celebrated Balbriggan factory is justly renowned for 
the excellence of its quality, all the materials used being the finest pro- 
curable ; with the result that the Balbriggan hosiery defies competition. 
The cotton used in the manufacture of the hosiery is that known as the 
Orleans and Sea Island, for some of the finer descriptions of which as much 
as forty-two shillings per lb. is paid — a price equivalent to silk. Even in 
the cheaper kinds of hosiery the cotton employed is six or eight thread, 
while Englisli manufacturers generally use a cotton comprising only two or 
three threads— of course the advantage of durability must be with the 
former. A writer in the Daily Express of June igtli, 186S, repeats the 
saying of one of the operatives which puts the fundamental difference 
between the Irish and the English goods in a nutshell. "The English," 
said the man, " direct all their eHforts to the production of the cheap, while 
our highest aim is to make IhegooJ.' This firm are now large manufacturcts 
of wool and merino goods as well as cotton, and have lately commenced to 
make ladies' and gent.'s underlinen. The establishment at 36 and 37, Lower 
Abbey Street, is the Dublin depot for the Balbriggan hosiery, and is well 
and tastefully fitted for the purpose it is intended for, and stocked with 
a large and valuable supply of the most admirable goods. It is quite 
impossible in the limited scope of a sketch like the present to convey any 
worthy impression of what is, and we hope always shall be, a most 
prosperous and flourishing Irish industry ; but we have, we trust, at least 
said enough to convey an impression, however slight, of the history, develop- 
ment, and prc-cnt condition of the trade. Fom the evidence given by .Mr. 
Wm. Whytc, Man.aging Director, before the Committee of the House of 
Commons last year, a clause was introduced into the Merchandise Marks 
Act, that now protects the good name of Balbriggan, and also protects the 
public from getting an inferior article which used to be sold under the name 
of Balbriggan. .-^myth & Co., Limited, for a further safeguard to the 
public, stamp every article with their well-known trade mark, a leg of a 
stocking. In conclusion, we can only wish Messrs. Smyth & Co. (Limited) 
every success. 

Wm. Nash, Jewel-Case, Plate-Chest, & Sressiug-Case 

uiafactaror, S3, William .Street. — A well-known house in an important 
line of business is that of .Mr. Wm. Nash, of William Street, who for many 
ycar> has carried on business as dressing case and jewel-case manufacturer 
at the above address. Founded more than twenty years ago, Mr. Nash 
has long achieved a high-class reputation for the admirable quality of his 
manulactures, and has been successful in forming a very important con- 
nection all over Ireland. The cstablshment so long and ably conducted 
by this enterprising trailcsm.an, occupies vcr)' extensive premises at 53, 
William Street, which, being admirably fitted and stocked throughout, 
forms, from their handsome appeaiance, an attractive feature in the 
thoroughfare. The front of the house in William Street measures about 
thirty f-et across, the denlh inleinally, from the front to the rear, measuring 
as much as sixty feet. During ihe long period he has now been before the 
public, Mr. Nash has succeeded in rendering his establishment one of the 
most pr>pular houses in the trade, never failing lo give the most conij le e 
satisfaction to all customers patronising the house. The stock, which is 
rery large and valualilc, comjirises a magnificent selection of jcwel-casis, 
plate-chests, dressing-cases, and every description of fancy goods of a like 



character. All these articles are of a very superior style of workmanship, 
m.any of them being objects of high artistic merit, which, both in design 
and execution, entitles them to rank with the productions of the best 
houses either in London or in Paris. Many of the articles we had the 
privilege of inspecting were of r.are beauty, especially some ladies' dressing- 
cases, which, in their silver-mounted fittings and leather or velvet linings, 
were about as choice specimens of this kind of production as we should ask 
to see. The plate-chests, too, .although of a different stamp of work, were 
in their line no less admirable, being strong and service.able, and eminently 
suited for the purpose for which they are intended. The premises cover a 
great extent of ground, the workshops occupying a flat of four apartments, 
wed lighted and ventilated, and in every w<iy models of what workshops 
ought to be. Mr, Nash is a considerable employer of labour, both men 
and women being eng.aged in the manufacture of the various articles made, 
all of them being well skilled in their work, and carefully selected for the 
various branches at which they are employed. A very large trade is done, 
as we have already remarked, all over the country in the sile of jewel- 
cases and dressing-boxes, there being few fancy shopkeepers who have not 
had dealings with the house. Besides the sale of articles of his own manu- 
facture, Mr. Nash does a very extensive business in repairing all kinds of 
leather and velvet work in connection with the trude, such as re-covering, 
worn velvet or leather linings in dressing-cases or work-boxes, or in plate- 
cases. The manner in which such work entrusted to him has been executed 
at his establishment has given always the greatest satisfaction, promptitude 
and punctuality being distinctive features about Mr.' Nash's method of doing 
business. We regret not being able to devote more space to a full review 
of this interesting business, and especially in giving a detailed description 
of some of the very attractive goods in stock ; but we are unfortunately pre- 
cluded from doing ^o, owing to the necessarily limited scope of our review. 
We feel how inadequately a sketch like this can convey an impression of 
a veiy important and representative house, and must content ourselves with 
merely calling the attention of the public generally, and our readers ia 
particular, to it. N.B. — The trade only supplied. 



Byrne & MacSwiney, Chemists, and UaniifactTirers 
of Mineral and Medicinal Waters, iS, I owvr Kevin Street. — The 
works of this firm are in Kevin Street and Church Lane. Taking into 
consideration the comparatively short time that the house has been estab- 
lished, it is surprising to note the rap:d advance it has made in public 
estimation, and the very high reputation it has gained amongst a large and 
influential clieittile. Its connection is not by any means confined to the city 
and suburbs ; quite the contrary, it is very widespread and reaches all over 
the country, doing an immense trade. The premises in which the works 
are situated are very extensive, the frontage in Kevin Street being fifty-six 
feet, and the depth from front to rear one hundred and eighty feet ; in 
the widest part they have a breadth of one hundred and thirty-eight feet. 
The buildings are admirably arranged and fitted up with all the most 
recent improvements. A large and efiicient staff of skilled and expe- 
rienced workmen and engineers to the number of over fifty hands find 
regular and constant employment here all the year round. There is 
always a large and well-assorted stock of mineral and medicinal waters- 
on hand, embracing soda-water, lemonade, ginger-beer, champagne 
cider, seltzer, potash, tonic and lithia waters, lime-juice and lime-juice 
cordial, orange bitters, sarsap.arilla, and many others of the highest 
quality. They are manufactured from only the best and purest materi.ils, 
and the greatest care is taken in their manufacture, which is personally 
supervised by Mr. MacSwiney, a Fellow of the Chemical Society of 
London. The management is in the hands of this gentleman and his. 
partner, .\lderman Byrne. Under their direction the business has gradu- 
ally developed until it has become well known not only all over the 
country but in .\merica and Australia, where their brand is well knowa 
and appreciated. 

Michael Foley, Draper and Haberdasher, j, Mcrrioi» 

Row. — .*\ well-known and cnnspicunus house in its own particular line is- 
that of -Mr. Michael Foley, draper and haberdasher. The connection is 
widespread, its customers consisting of the better class residents who largely 
patronise the hnusc. The .shop is well situated, being between Upper 
Merrion and Kildare Streets, and close to the Shelbourne Hotel. 'The 
shop is of good size, well built and very nicely fitted up. Sdk goods, 
drapery, together with various articles of haberdashery are stocked, and the 
whole makes a veiy striking a)>pear.ince, and one which is decide<ily at- 
tractive. '1 here is an extensive and carefully selected stock of linen, cotton, 
calico, silk and other goods m.ade of various materials on sale at prices 
which will be found most moderate. The gentlemen's outfitting dep.irt- 
nient is most complete, being stocked with every ait'clc at all bkely to be 
asked for. Shirts, ties, collars, vests, and unilerclu hing can be bought, all 
of good quality, style, and finish, and fir.4-cl.xss wn kmmship. In addition 
to the above-named articles, the shop contains a variety of other articles and 
fancy goods most pleasing to the eye, and most tem(jting to the pocket. 
Mr. & Mrs. Foley .actively supei intend the business, in which they employ 
fifteen assistants, with great care and judgment. Ihey are very enter- 
prising, and lay themselves out to meet the wants of their customers in 
every way. Mr. and Mis. Foley have a high standing in the Ir.ade, and 
arc highly respected by their numerous customers for their courtesy and 
attention. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



79 



Messrs. F. Saiiicl & Sons, Ironiuongers and Hardware 

Ucrchonts, -14, liraHoii .Slm.1.- A well-known firm is that bcaiiiij; llic 
title of 1". Daniel A: Sons, who have carried on the business of Iron- 
nion;;crs and Hardware Merchants at the above address for close on 
severity years. The exact ye.ir in which it was founded was 1S21. The 
management is in the hands of the sons of the late .Mr. I'. Daniel, the 
founder, who attend |x;isiinally to every detail of business. This is con- 
fined to the hardware, and does not include other branches of trade which 
lie outside it, and though often t.icked on to it cannot be understood by the 
proprietors. The business of the firm is not merely local, the county 
lamilies being in the hibit of patronising the house. They also su|iply the 
orticers' mess of various regiments stationed in Ireland. .Messrs. Daniel & 
Sons only import really good and serviceable wares, because they know 
that they gained their good name by giving full value for money. And 
though they h.ive suffered from the present rage for cheip things, they slill 
keep as good articles .is ever were sold. Their view of economy is to 
obtain from any and every district the articles jiroduced to .ndvantage there, 
so that from the Continent of turope they obtain goods which display 
artistic taste combine 1 with lowness of price ; and from America tho^e in- 
genious articles so much prized in the household and the woikshop where 
good tools are valued. Messrs. Daniel import direct from these foreign 
manufacturers and so save intermciliate profits of factors. And while thus 
buying in the cheapest markets thoy oU'er to Iheir customers a variety of 
goods they cannot easily sec elsewhere. But foreign goods do not push 
out home productions, because ^[essrs. Daniel have now, and always have 
had VYOrkshops on their premises, and here are made various kinds of 
baths, deed boxes, and tinware for kitchen and domestic use, and for 
which a bronze medal was awarded at the Exhibition held in Dublin in 
18S2. .Some of the tin articles made hero tr.avel a long distance, reaching 
to the lighthouses all round Ireland to orders from the Iri»h Lights' Com- 
missioners, from whom Messrs. Daniel have had contracts, for these and 
other goods, during the last thirty-five years. The tar that is being used 
so much in paving our City streets is served out in huge iron buckets made 
in this est.iblishnicnt, which supplies them to the Dublin Corporation, from 
whom orders are received for various other goods, including shovels, forks, 
chains, and large deed safes to hold City records at the City Hall. Hotels, 
restaurants, and public institutions find it desirable to get ar;icles made by 
Messrs. Daniel, which will bear real service in preference to the showy but 
fiirnsy imported ones. An important hospital is three parts filled with 
solid wrought -iron bedsteads, made in Grafton .Street forge. So that it is 
not without reason that this establishment is placed amongst the Dublin 
industries. And though the retail business is largely carried on in table 
cutlery, plated spoons and forks, fenders, fire-irons, lamps, brushes, etc., 
there is other and important work besides. This can scarcely be realised 
when looking at the small entrance ; but inside the warerooms you can 
understand the facilities for business. When it is ascertained that the 
premises are owned by .Messrs. Daniel, the saying of Grafton Street high 
rents make high prices does not ^pply. And, indeed, goods can be as 
cheaply sold here as in back streets, where articles of dubious quality are 
marked at wonderfully low jirices. ICitchen ranges of various patterns and 
of the best makes, and grates of improved construction, form some of the 
heavy articles, while brass and iron bedsteads, wire mattresses, etc., form 
the lighter in this extensive esLiblishment. 



McComas & Son, Military and Merchant Tailors, 15, 

Lower Sackville Street. — One of the most eminent ot Hublin houses in its 
line is that conducted by Messrs. McComas & Son, military and merchant 
tailors. This celebrated business was established in 1S29, by the father of 
the present proprietor, and has, since its foundation, gained a widespread 
reputation. 1 he new premises, built in 1874, ^^^ commodious, and hand- 
somely fitted with every accessory for the proper prosecution of the 
business, and are situated between Lower .-Ybbey Street and Sackville 
Place, a good business position. A large and well-selected stock, in the 
embryo state, of piece goods is kept for making all kinds of apparel, and to 
suit tlie most fastidious of tastes. Sevtral foremen are employed who are 
practical men of experience at their trade, eflicient cutters and tailors, and 
most competent for executing bespoke orders, which are all executed on the 
premises, in large and well-ventilated workshops. The establishment 
enjoys a deservedly popular recognition for the cut, style, fashion, and 
finish of all garments turned out, and the workmanship will bear the lest of 
the strictest inspection antl scrutiny. Throughout the establishment the 
very best order and regularity prevail, and the work is executed promptly 
and satisfactorily, and all materials employed are of the very best quality. 
The celebrity of the house has a solid found.ation in the fact that its 
connection is of the highest class amongst the gentry and officers of the 
garrison, as well as commercial classes in Ireland. The prices charged are 
most mo<lerate for cash, commensurate with the excellence and quality of 
the production. The business is personally superintended by the eneigrtic 
and enterprising head of the firm, and is, in every respect, a credit to his 
practical skill, and he nLinifests a laudable determination to stand second 
to none in readiness to meet public requirements, and satisfactorily supply 
all demands. 

Williams & Son, Naturalists, 2, D.ime Street.— The firm of 
Messrs. Williams & Son, naturalists, finriers, and taxidermists, is the 
leading one in this patti-ular line in the cily. It has been established for 
fourteen years, but it has, in that time, made for itself a splendid reputation 



second to none possessed by any other similar house. Its fame is spreail 
far and wiile throughout the different parts of the country ; it numbers 
amongst its patrons all the leading nobility and gentry, who arc regular and 
valued customers of the firm under notice. The well-known preini'.es arc 
h.audsomely built, anil have a frontage of twenty-one feet to the roailway. 
The shop is nicely fitted up in the most approval style, and with the slock 
displayed in the most attractive manner ; the whole forms a perfect and 
unitjue little exhibition which is well worth a visit. .Mr. Williams and lijs 
son, who are both clever naturalists and experienced furriers and taxider- 
mists, are the sole proprietors and managers of this business. 'Ih -y both 
take an active part in the same, and the benefit derived from their great 
scientific and practical knowledge is most valuable. The firm keeps in 
constant employment from eight to ten fully experienced and well-skilled 
hands, who are perpetually under the watchful eyes of the two principals, 
always ready with a helping hand when required. Lion, bear, and tiger 
skins are dressed and mounted in any w.ay that maybe desired. Ilcacls, 
horns, hoofs, brushes, etc., mounted .as trophies. There is a speciality 
which must not be forgotten. There arc some heads and antlers of the 
great extinct Irish deer (ceriiis maZ'ictros) on sale, which are now very rare 
and not easy to obt.iin. This house was the recipient of the first prize 
medal at the Cork Exhibition of 1883, where it had a magnificenily fitted 
and furnished stall. To gentlemen returning home from abroad with 
trophies of the chase, which they may wi-h to preserve, this house will tie 
found most useful, and they cm confidently rely on their commis.ions Ijcing 
faithfully and promptly attended to ai d w,th the most satisfactory results. 



Bryan & Co., Wliolesale and Ketail Drapers, etc., 

7 and -s, Redmond's Hill. — \ very important Iiou>e in the wholesale ai:d 
retail drapery trade, despite the fact of its somewhat recent foundation, is 
that of the tirm trading as Bryan & Co., of Redmond's Hill. Established 
ten years ago by the gentlemen who decided to carry on the business 
under the name of Bryan & Co., this well known establishment soon 
achieved a veiy considerable reputation for the quality of its goods, and 
before long Messrs. Bryan & Co. had formed a connection which in 
numbers and social position entitled their house to take very high rank 
among similar establishrnents in Dublin. The firm occupies commodious 
premises at the above address, the frontage of the house measuring about 
fifiy-five feet, with an interior depth from frcnt to rear of about forty-e'ght 
feet. The premises are most tastefully fitted throughout, an admir.ible 
judgment having been displayed in their decoration, etc., while everything 
that could be has been done to secure the comfort and convenience of 
customers using the establishment. The principal business done is chiefly 
retail, although there is a small wholesale trade, and the house has gained 
considerable popularity among the inhab'lanis of the locality. The stock, 
which is large, varied, and valuable, contains a large assortment of drapery 
goods, all of very superior quality, and which are sold at prices sufficiently 
moderate to excite surprise when the excellence of the goods is taken into 
consideration. This stock comprises dresses, mantles, costumes, millinery, 
hosiery, gloves, stays, underclothing, linens, calicoes, flannels, blankets, 
and articles of drapery, all bring, as we have .said, of perfectly unexception- 
able quality. A very fine selection of materials suitable for ladies' dresses, 
in coiton, woollen, and stulT good-^, is held in stock, and a large trade is 
done in the sale of such articles. The costume and millinery department is 
also extensively patronised by the Ladies of the district, the house having 
long earned a high name for the fashionable shape of its hats and bonnets, 
and for the style of its mantles and costumes. The hosiery and under- 
clothing department also comes in for a large share of patronage, all the 
articles sold being of proved superiority and durability, while the gloves are 
fully equal to the best that can be procured at any high-class establishment, 
Messrs. Bryan & Co. only purchasing from celebrated manufacturers of 
such goods. Altogether the house of Bryan & Co. has every reason to be 
satisfied with the success that has attended it during the ten years it has 
now been soliciting the suffrages of the public, and the past history of the 
house supplies a very happy augury for that future development and 
prosperity which lies before it. . 

Charlotte Martin, Sealer in Autiqtiities, 2S, Lower 

Liffey .Street. — In answer to a growing demand tor an establishment 
where reliable ant'que works of art and •Id chinaware could be had, 
Mrs. Martin opened this shop about a year ago, and it must be said ibat 
the venture realised all expectations in the success it has achieved. It is 
well stocked with brie a-brac, old china, pictures, books, and the many 
curiosities usually seen in a shop in ti.is line. Here are lo be see 1 day 
after day the ardent lovers of a'ticlts de vein, who are daily Inring 
recruited principally from the most fasliion.ablc ranks of society, and lovtrs 
of the rare and curious. In this house both of these classes, from the 
courtesy shown and the moderate charges made, receive every encourage- 
nient to purcha.se, and willingly avail themselves of the advantages given. 
There is also a lirge and varied assortment of fancy delf, gl.issware, 
well-frameil pictures, and baby carriages, and many other articles that 
remain in the house a very short lime, on account of the good market 
ahvnys to be had for goods of the qiiabty here shown. The shop is cen- 
trally situated, not far from Ormoivl Qu.ay, and about five minutes' walk 
from the (Jencral Post Office, and in one of the best business streets in 
Dublin. Mrs. Martin has proved herself to be the right person in the 
right place, and her management bids fair to make the bu.siness a most 
prosperous one. 



8o 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Conxelins Cadle, Engineer and General Mill Furnisher, 

39, Wellinglon Quay. — There is a great and constant demand for eHective 
furnishings for nulls and factories. A representative firm in this connection 
is that of Cornelius Cadle of the foregoing address. Established but ten 
years ago, this concern has achieved a success of a prosperous and fruitful 
character, and is, a- the present day, one of the most widely-known in its 
branch of trade at home and abroad ; scarcely a week passes that he does 
not obtain some important order either for England or the colonies. The 
firm is sole aj,ent for William Furness & Co., Saw Mill Engineers, of 
Liverpool, and the connection it has formed for this house is of no 
inconsiderable nature. A prominent speciality is made of the "Turbine 
wheel," patented in iSSS under the style of the " Double jwrfection." It 
may also be mentioned that Mr. Cadle manufactures the "Wiley Oil 
Cabinet," a handy contrivance for the stor.age of oil, an arrangement 
which will be found of beneficial use to engineers, etc., who require 
diflTerent kinds of oil for lubricating machiner)-. Among other features of 
the tirm"s stock the following are noticeable : — Steam-engines and boilers, 




pulleys, shafting and gearing, "Halladay" standani windmills for pump- 
ing water, for domestic and manufacturing purposes, also for driving 



various kinds of machinery 




Irainage and irriga- 



tion at home and in nas co1»di« ; iron gates, fencing, galvanized iron 
roofs, leather and other kiadt c{ belting, and millstones. A large number 
of experienced hands are employed to assist the firm in executing the 
Dumerous orders received every day. Mr. Cadle, the enleri)rising pro- 
prietor of this prosperous firm, is an influential genllennn who is a 
prominent mcmlicr of our ciiy, and he is noted for the upright principles 
under which he has nianaf^cd his re])resentalive houie. 



Catherine Armstrong, Boot and Shoe MaVer, and Dealer, 

39, Parliament Sticct. — Amcjiig ih'ise erigiged in ihe boot and shoe Iralein 
Dublin, and who have won for themselves a position of respeclabilily and 
importance, none are more worthy of notice than the highly respectable and 



old-established house of Mrs. Catherine Armstrong. For more than fifteen 
years this house has been before the Dublin public as a boot and shoe 
establislnnent, the quality and tit of whose goods have received the very 
highest nieeil of praise. Mrs. Armstrong's establishment is sit'.ia'ed in the 
very populous district of Parliament .Street, and in that busy thoroughfare 
occiipies a prominent an<l leading position among the neighbouring trades- 
men. The premises apjiropriated to the use of the business are of their kind 
sp,acious and commodious, and well and tastefully fitted to the nature and 
requirements of the trade carried on within them. The shop \^ill be found 
well filled with a large and valuable stock of boots and shoe*, whose 
superiority of make and workmanship, and the reallyexcellentquality of their 
material, will invite comparison with the productions of any other business 
house not mciely in Dublin, but in the kingdom. During the fifteen years 
tliis flourishing business has been established, it has enjoyed a large and 
deserving share of the public favour, the connection of the house being not 
merely limited to its own locality, but extending over a wide-spreading and 
extensive area. The great success that has attended the commercial enter- 
prise of this house is due almost entirely to the perfect satisfaction the goods 
supplied have given to its customers. The large business carried on so 
successfully by the house necessarily requires, as may be imagined, the 
employment of a great many hands, the somewhat unusual number — at least 
in this trade — of ten assistants being constantly engaged. 

Thos. r. Geoghegan, Iiandscape Photographer, 6, 

O'Connell Street Lower. — Within a few yards of tlje OXonncU Bridge 
and Eden Quay is situated the est.ablishment of Mr. Thos. F. Geoghegan, 
landscape and general out-door photographer. The business has only been 
started about four years, but it has even now a rapidly-increasing con- 
neciion ; in fact, th's gentleman is one of the chief aitists in the special 
line of photography of scenery and out-door subjects. The studio is neatly 
and attractively decorated with large and small photographs, which are 
really specimens of excellent artistic merit, and has every accommoda- 
tion and requisite for the efficient carrying on of the business. The 
proprietor is most careful, using only materials ol the finest quality, and 
being fully equipped with every accessory to the proper pr.ictice of his art. 
The head of the firm has undoubted aptitude and talent, which he brings 
to bear upon every matter connected with the great art to whose advance- 
ment he is so enlliusiastically devoted. The entire business is personally 
managed by its able, energetic, and enterprising pro|)rietor, and is in every 
respect a credit both to his tact and skill, and the interesting art it so ably 
represents. The house has a large and influential connection, and there is 
every indication of the business receiving a still further access of well- 
deserved prosperity in the future. The scale of pnces is arranged upon the 
most moderate basis, when we consider the undoubted superiority and 
excellence of the workmanship. Large or small orders receive equal 
attention, and are executed satisfactorily and with the greatest attention to 
the minutest details, which proclaims a commendable determination on the 
part of the proprietor that no eft'ort shall be spared to enh.ince materially 
the renown of the house, and endow it with even stronger claims to the 
consideration it already liberally receives. 

Patrick Morgan, Select Dining Booms, 29. South King 

Street. — Two years a:.;o a want that had Ijeen long and b.ailly felt in the 
metropolis was supplied by Mr. Morgan, when he opened his select dining- 
rooms at the foregoing .aildress, as an establishment where the business niaa 
or tiaveller could oliiain at a reasonable price a good breakfast, lunch, 
dinner, or tea, or where a good bed could be had at a mo ierate charge. 
As regards position, the house is well situated in a busy neighbourhood, 
opposite Mercer's Hospital, facing .Stephen's Green, and within a few 
minutes' walk of Harcourt .Street railway station. The dining-rooms are 
in ist handsomely and comfortably fitted up in first-cKass style, nothing at 
all likely to add to the comfort of visitors being neglected. All the me.als 
arc well served, and the cooking is first-rate. 'The bedrooms are large, airy, 
and scrujiulously clean. An efficient stafi" of servants is employed under the 
active supervision of the energetic and enterprising Mr. .Morgan. The 
house is admirably managed in every single particular, and there is no 
better value to be had at any other house of the same kind in the city. 
The house is well patronised by business men and travellers, wht) invariably 
sjieak in high terms of the treatment they have received. The connection 
is gradually increasing, and Mr. Morgan is deservedly reaping the well- 
merited reward of his enterprise. 

Michael Jones & Son, Cabinet-Makers and TJphol- 
storora, 10, .\stons Qu.ay. — Cabinet-making and up.'iolstery are a branch 
of trade which of late ye.ars has improved vastly, and has achieved a 
jiroininent ])osition in the industrial arts of the kingdom. A well known 
and eminently reliable firm in this line is that of Michael Jones iS: Son. 
The premises of this concern comprise workshojis and show. rooms, well 
fiirnishe<l and fitted with all the requirements of the trade. Willi a bu-iness 
career extending over ten years, the attentions of the firm are jirincipa'ly 
directed to the execution of bespoke work, in whicli branch of trade, the 
good workmanship and material have obtained for the house a first-class 
reputation. In addition to the cabinet-making and ui)hnlsiery,."tn extensive 
connection has been formed in antique furniture. The transactions of 
Messrs. Jones & .Son have secured an extensive patron.age based upon the 
superiority of the manulaoures ol the house, and intending house-lurnishers 
may rely upon obtaining the most complete satislaction at this well-known 
establishment. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



8 1 



John Keogh, Funeral Undertaker and Job Master 
(John HondTlok, Proprietor), 47. "'-'> 'direct.— A spei-ial an.l very 
cliat;iclcri^lic lialiirc of the Irish ptople has over hern ihfir almost 
ilcvuled atlciUion to the exercise of every token of respect to the 
dead. As a result many line cstalilishnients devoted to supplying 
funeral arrangements llourish in the midst of the Iri h capital. 
Amongst these we must parliculaiise the concern controlled by Mr. John 
Ilendrick as one that has att lined prominence by studyinj; the public 
wishes and interests. This hou e was founded half a century past by the 
late lohn Keogh, who, at its very inception, inaugurated the policy of 
excellence comb ned with value, which has since then raided the establish- 
ment to its present high status. The premises occupieil stand on hallowed 
ground, and are convenient to Chiist Church Cathedral. From High 
Street they extend back into B.ack I.inc, covering a large area which is 
covereii in on the best system to store the valuable stock of vehicles held. 
To properly esimale the business transacted ia the funeral line, one would 




have to visit the difTerent ce-neierics of the metropolis, where he would 
'observe at their gates many splendid equipages turned out b/ this house. 
Amjni^st the hearses can be chosen the newest open or gl.ass-sided patterns 
as well as the older though more s •Icmn patterns entirely closed in. 
Mourning coaches of the most rcspectab'e kind are also to be had, whi'st 
•the var cty of carriages to be seen in the commodious yards of thi; estab- 
lishment is. we have no hesitation in saying, unexcelled. In addition to 
funeral requisites being su|);)lied, w.-dding parties, picnics, etc., are 
catered for in a selection of waggonettes and dtags to suit two, fo r, or 
more horses. The stud of horses kept is constantly recruited from the 
private breeding establishment of this firm at Somniertou Mouse, Lucan. 
A feature that by no means has been the least respons.ble for the high 
reputation of the house is that of moderation in its rates. In conclusion, 
we must notice that since the present proprietor, Mr. John IKndrick, 
succeeded to the business, about two >..irs ago, the pr isperity of an 
already flourishing business has grown apace at a rate that promises the 
highest distinction for this noteworthy establishment. 



Mr. Thomas Brophy, Wholesale and Retail Boot and 

shoo Manufacturor, 4 and 15, Francis Street. — Notable amongst modern 
industries appiais the manufacture of boots and shoes so appropriately 
represented by the noted establishment of .Mr. Thomas IJiophy, wholesale 
and retail boot and shoe manufacturer, which has been in existence over 
thirty years, ami h.as acquired a world-wide reputa'ion for the superiority 
of its manufactures. The premises are very centrally situ.ited at 4 and 15, 
Francis Street, and in every way adapted to the Large and flourishing 
business transacle<l, th; fine and spacious windows being literally packed 
with specimens of the l)tst m.ade boots and shoes. The siock in the interior 
of the building embiaces all cLasses of goods to suit the wants of all sections 
of the community. All goods are of the finest quality, both as regards 



g'yle, material, and finish. The leading trade article of the house i? quality 
combined with chcajmess, every article sold being of the best quality in its 
particular class, unrpialified satisfaction Iwing expressed by pattons all over 
the kingdom. A large number of skilled workmen is employed, by whom 
every order entriiste I to the establi-hment is promptly executed. Mr. 
lirophy has very extensive connections in the wholesale line throughout 
Ireland, being a gentleman who combines with his business a strong 
national feeling to assist the fallen industries of IreLind. He is a thorough 
connoisseur in his trade, ami a practical Umt and shoe maker, and highly 
respected by every class of his customers all over the king loin. 



M. Smith & Son, Com and Seed Merchants, Poraga 

Contractors, 15. l.'sher's Islanl. — A ii'.iel an 1 rcliible house in corn, 
Bced, and forage contracting, is that of .Messrs. .M. Smith A: Son, of the 
foregoing address. Founded alKuit sixty four years ago, the commercial 
career of this enterprising firm has been one of great prospciity and repre- 
sentative advancement. The premises are of spacious dimensions, com- 
prising extensive granaries, stocked with a large, valuable assortment of corn, 
seed, and for.age, .and well-furnished offices. The firm deal generally in every 
description of corn and forage ; all their goods arc procured from the best 
markets at the lowest prices, and they are consequently enabled to supply 
them at very moderate rates. Their goods have acquired a wide reputation for 
superiority and excclk'nce. A large trade is controlled and the connections 
of the firm command an extensive area, and embrace Royal and military 
patromge of an exceedingly distinguished nature. The fiim are by Royal 
warrant purveyors of corn and forage to Her M.ajesty the (Juecn, H.R.H. 
the Prince of Wales, H.R.H. the Duke of Cambriilge, and Her Imperial 
Majesty the Empress of Austria. They are also specially appointed 
as forage conti.ictors to His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, the Com- 
mander of the Forces' stalT, and the difrtrent regiments quartered in the 
g.irrison. This eminently distinguished patronage, independently of the 
superior character of the ])roduce, is alone a suftijient guar.antee of the high- 
class notoriety and well-deserved esteem in which the firm is held. The 
affairs of the firm are personally conducted by an able and thoroughly 
pr.actical proprietary, who have at all times exemplified in the direction of 
their important business mercantile jirinciples of high honour and unim> 
peachable integrity, which have raised it to its present eminent position. 



Madame T. Poirotte, French Corset Mannfactnrer, 

iS, Dawsun .street. — Corset nianufactuie may lie described as a branch of 
trade that has of recent years assumed surprising proportions, and has 
achieved a prominent position among other industries working in fashion- 
fcble arts. In this connection the establishment of Madame Poirotte may 
be recommended as a house where corsets, combining perfection in fit with 
excellence in wear, may be obtained. Madame Poirotte has had many 
years' experience in this business, and is consequently enabled to thoroughly 
satisfy the wanti and meet the requirements of her numerous patrons, 
rhis lady keeps herself fully conversant with the latest Parisian fashions, 
and customers may rely upon being served with corsets embodying all the 
most modern improvements and styles. Paris has long been famous for 
corsets of a superior finish and artistic shape ; but ladies have now no 
necessity for sending to the P'rench capital lor these articles of dress, as 
corsets of as good a fit and fashionable a shape are guaiantecd to be sold by 
this noted establishment. The premises occupied are situated at iS, Dawson 
Street, and are most elegantly fitted and well furnished. A la'ge and ex- 
perienced stalT of assistants find employment in this establishment. 
Corsets made to measure may be obtained upon the shortest possible 
notice. The excellence and superiority of the productions of this house 
have not failed in securing a large and valualjle connection. Madame 
Poirotte numbers annng her customers some of the best-known names in 
our city. Madame Dumas, to whom M.adame Poirotte succeeded, won 
medals at the P.iris Kxhibition of 1S44, and the Iiish Exhibition, 1865; 
and at the London Exhibition, 1S74, she was awarded a ccrtilicate for the 
superiority and njtcworthy excellence of her exhibits. 



The Iiondon and North-Weslem Hotel, Xorth Wall— The 

London and Norlh-WLstcrn Hotel is a compaiativdy new institution in 
the city, having origin.iUy bten cons'ru.ted about four years ago by the 
London and Nottli-Wtstcrn Railway Company for the convenience of its 
numerous customers. It has filled up a long-felt want, an I, in the short 
time that it has been started, has turned out a mo-t distinct success. It is 
p.itronised by m^st of the travellers .arriving in Dublin who intend pissing 
a night in tlie city, and by many it is nude their headquarters during a 
lengthened st.ay. It is a handsomely built and imposing edifice, and is one 
of the finest buildings aling the northern quays. It is four storeys high, 
and has two entrances under cover from boat and railw.ay stations, and ha; 
an entrance en North Wall. The upper fl.ors consist of dining, sitting, 
and bedrooms, all most comfortably and luxuriously furni-hd. The 
establishment is man.aged by Mr. Poole, who is certainly the right man in 
the right place. He thoroughly understinds the duties of his po-ition, is 
most attentive and courteous to vis tors, looking after their comfort in every 
way. It is under his superintendence that the hotel his become so noted 
for its cuisine, wines, and all-round arrangements for general comforU 



82 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



P. Slialvey, Horseliair Manufacturer, etc., 3, High 
Street. — In reviewing historically the various trades and industries which 
contribute so materially to the commercial prosperity of the city of Dublin, 
and the daily employment of its industrial community, it is particularly 
interesting to meet with an establishment of such old standing and high 
reputation as that of Mr. Patrick Shalvey, general horsehair manufacturer, 
feather and flock merchant and purifier, of High .Street, and the factory, 
Nos. 22, 23, and 24, Michael's Lane, and to give this well-known house the 
prominence in our review which its high position in the trade and extensive 
business connections so justly merit. Reverting in the first place to the 
founding of the house, we find that it was established in the year 1S30. 
At the very comm ncement of its career it took a leading position, and for 
years has been the principal house in its owti line in the metropolis. It 
does a large and profitable trade amongst a valuable and wi3espread con- 
nection not by any means confined to the city, but extending to all parts of 
the country. The shop in High Street is large and spacious, having the 
capital frontage of forty feet. It i« nicely fitted up and contains a very 
extensive and ver)- valuable stock of prepared horsehair, feither, and flock 
for stuffin" seats, cushions, sofas, bedding, etc. .\ large staff of hands is 
re^TiIarly emp'oyed, giving the means of livelihood to a number of the 
working class. Mr. Shalvey manages the business with great energy and 
enterprise. He occupies a high position in commercial ciicles and is much 
respected for his str'ct integrity and attention to business. By his customers 
he is also greatly esteemed, and his house, under his able control, is un- 
surpassed and scarcely approached by any other in the same line in the 
metropolis. 



JoIinG. Powell, Fish, Ice, Poultry, Game, and Venison 

Dealer, 12, William Street. — Probably there is no city in the United 
Kingdom, a visit to which will better repay the business man, or from which 
he will carry awiy more valuable impressions than Dublin. So liitle com- 
paratively has been written or is known about the methods our large 
establishments have of carrying on business, that their order and regularity 
will be agreeably impressed on the stranger who enters some of our repre- 
sentative industiial concerns. Amongst these the establishment of Mr. 
John G. Powell stands out prominently. This eminent hou>e was founded 
fifteen years ago, and through good business energy and the excellence of 
everything sold, hns attained the pre-eminent and premier position in its 
line of trade in the mc:ropolis. The industrial operations of Mr. John G. 
Powell are both extensive and comprehensive, embracing the supply of 
fish, ice, poultr)', game, venison, and all the specialities in connection with 
the trade. In all of these lines there is no firm that has acquired a greater 
reputation, or has been more uniformly successful in its undertakings. The 
supply of fish is not only purchased direct from the fishermen rjund the 
Irish coast, but is also selected from the supplies provided by the wholesale 
markets, and therefore its freshness may be assured to the clientiie of the 
house. In like manner the poultry, game, venison, etc., are procured 
from the best farms throughout Ireland, and consequently can be relied 
upon to be of the finest and most exquisite quality. There is one feature 
which, had we space, we would dilate on, and that is, that however fastidious 
the lady or gentleman may be, they need not fear to enter this splendidly 
fixtured, well ventilated, and scrupulously clean establishment. The 
high-class clUntile who patronise this house is the best testimony to the 
superiority of the goods supplied. Amongst the patrons, by special 
appointment, are U.K. II. the Prince of Wales, H. l<. H. the Duke of 
Connaught, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the Chief Secretary for 
Ireland, and the Commander of the Forces, in addition to the nobility, 
gentry, and clergy, as well as the Officers' Messes of the regiments in 
Ireland. He su;. plies the Sackville Street, Kildare Street, University, 
Stephen's Green, and Sheridan Clubs. It may not be out of jilace to 
quote one or two of the many unsolicited testimonials received by this 
house : 

" .MOLLABODEN, Xa«S, 

'January, 1887. 
" Mr. Powf.lt., 

" Please send me your bill and I will pay it. I look upon you as 
the best tradesman in Dublin. The fish is always fresh and gojd, and the 
orders accurately and punctually carried out. 

" Yours truly, 

"Charles Criciiton." 

" Officers' Mess, Victoria Barracks, 

"Wl.NUSOK, Ducmber, 18S1. 
" .Mr. P.1WEI.L, 

" Dear Sir, — I have great pleasure in staling that during my stay 
in Dublin near twelve months with the Brigade of Guards, I dealt 
with you to my entire saiisfaclion. I found you very obliging and attentive, 
and that you always gave me the very best of fish, poultry, and game 
procurable, and I much appreciate your kindness in gelling things (rom 
London at a very short notice when they could not be obtained in Dublin ; 
and I would recommend any friend of mine that should be coming to 
Dublin to deal with you, as I ftel sure that you will tieat tlum as you 
have mc to my entire satisfaction. 

" I am, dear Sir, 

" Vours truly, 

•' H. Wiiai.e, 
" Messman to the Uri^r.dc of Cuards. ° 



Mr. John Powell, ably supported by Mrs. Powell, superintends in the 
management fully thirty employees, who are constantly engaged. The 
integrity and energy of .\Ir. I'owell has won the respect and confidence of 
all with whom he has dealings, and the success he is achieving is the just 
reward of his skill and enterprise. 



W. G. Moore, Photograplier, 11, Tpper Sackville Street.— 
Thirty years have p:issed since, at II, L'ppcr Sackville Street, Messrs. Kelson 
& Marshall established a studio for ihe taking of pliotographs and the 
general sale of articles connected with the fine arts. The venture was 
made at a critical and, as it proved, a most opportune moment. Eleven 
years back the premises changed owners ; but the only change in the work 
done within is that, if possible, it shows increased excellence and beauty 
under the new management. The window is most beautifully fitted with 
examples of the Academy pictures, and photos of prominent or notorious 
personages whose facial expressions and general appearances the grouped 
public criticise. In addition to these, the window displays some superior 
oil-paintings done by artists who take this opportunity of exhibiting their 
work, or which have been made to the order of Mr. Moore by his own 
artists, or have been purchased at the many auctions in England as well as- 
in Ireland — paintings some of them unframed and others encased in 
heavy gilt casings m.ide on the establishment — one and all display an 
appreciative taste. The stock embraces a collection of paints — w.-iter- 
colours and oil — contained in cases v.irying in size, quality, and price. 
The studio is of much interest, and is on the first Linding. If a subject 
is being taken, the visitor will find in the ante-room food indeed for much 
thought, and, if he be of a sarcastic temperament or cynic disposition, lor 
no small share of amusement. Mr. Moore's photos, for finish and close 
reproduction on paper of the subject as Nature formed him, are to be 
equalled by few other houses in the city, and excelled by none. The 
charges, too, are modera-e, and the pains of the at times unhappy photo- 
grapher to settle his subjects, and, if possible, to satisfy them, joined to 
the excellent bargains to be obtained in the shop, have given to this house 
a prominent, indeed pre-eminent, position among those of like character 
in the city. 



Arthur Wehb, Boot and Shoe Manufacturer, 4, Upper 

Sackville Street, and 12, Wes'inoreland Street. — I'rominent among the 
most celebrated business establishments in this city are those occupied by 
Mr. Arthur Webb in Upper Sackville Street and O'Connell Street. The 
branch of trade to which this gentleman is devoted is the boot manufac- 
turing. Forty years have now passed by since the parent house of this 
business was founded in Sackville Street. About ten years ago it was 
found necessary to open the establishment in Westmoreland Street. This 
venture has been attended with the most fruitful results that could be 
desired. The stocks held in either house are mo.st valuable and compre- 
hensive. Amongst the specialities of this concern is the " Waterproof K 
Boot," which has an enormous sale, and is made of waterproof leather. 
The "Fetich Boot" is a splendid article for walking purposes, and is 
recognised to be the most excellent article to be found. The other 
articles kept comprise every kind of ladies', gentlemen's, and children's 
boots, including national and hygienic boots and shoes, and the celebrated 
Dr. Jaeger's wool-lined boots and shoes. Attached to the Westmoreland 
Street house at the rear is a commodious hall which is used by public 
bodies for meetings, lectures, etc., and known as the "Central Lecture 
Hall." The greatest punctuality and order characterise the transaction of 
business, and Mr. Webb's able supervision is evidenced in evciy detail of 
the large and inllueutial business carried on. 



M. Francois, Coiffeur Parfumeur, 2, Nassau Street. — A well. 
known and highly (latronised tonsurial establishment is that of M. Fran9ois, 
an artist of considerable taste and exceptional skill. The premises are 
elegantly and handsomely furnished. Fitted with every modern convenience, 
they aflord to customers superior and comfortable accommodation. M. 
Francois is a very talented "coiffeur parfumeur " of many years' experience. 
He has been established in his present place of business for only three 
years, but during that time he has worked up a very extensive connection, 
and commands a highly valuable pation.ige and trade. Ladies' ornamental 
hair is manufacturcu in the latest and most modern style. Wigs .and scalps 
in every variety arc also made ; the reputation aehieved in these two 
branches of trade is second to no other house in this line. A promincDt 
speciality is made of theatrical wigs ; the firm supply these stage icquisites 
to a very large circle of actors and actresses ; the manufacture of these 
head-dresses requires great skill and previous experience, and only hair- 
dressers of such knowledge and talent as M. Fr.im.ois can hope to succeed 
ill undertakings of this respect. In every particular this talented artiste 
attends to the requirements of iheatrical panics in wigs an 1 wig paste, and 
turns out these for sale or hire in the best style. Ladies in particular ."re 
under the greatest obligation to this gentleman as inventor of the natuial 
wavy fringe. M. Fran9ois is remarkable for his urbane courtesy and ai'a- 
bilily. He came originally from Paris, and w.-is the first to introduce ilic 
French style of hairdre^sing system to our city. In conclusion, the best 
recommendation lliat can be given him is to state iliat he has attained 
f jr his estaDlibhmenl an extensive and influential wholesale and retail 
patronage. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



83 



Vessrs. Mitchell Amot & Co., Room paper Manu- 
faoturora, 18 ami 19, Lppcr Siickvillc Street. — Kooin-i>a|icr, as a work 
of an, lias of recent ye.irs Liken (jicat slriJcs lowauls |ierfection, I'ew 
houses have achieved a more pronnnent position in this connection than 
that of Mes.rs. Mitchell Arnul & Co., of 18 ami 19, Upper Sackville 
Street. The prenii>cs occupied in the aliove ihorouyhfare are very hard- 
sonic, commodious, and well furnished. No. 18 has a line measurenier.l, 
and is !-lockcd with a great variety of roompapurs, \ aints, oils, varnishes, 
glues, size, etc., while the upstairs portion is rcseivcil for the manufacture 
of picture framings. No. 19 is maintained for the retail sale of pic- 
tures, and the interior itself is splendidly fitted up with every appliance 
for hangini; and showing olT the Slock to the litsl ailvantagc. Emh shops 
■ire well known and patronised, they are universally recognised to lie the 
best in their respcclive lines in our city. This house has been established 
for over one hundred years, and up to the present has enjoyed a prosperous 
and successful CNistence of much notoriety. From the commencement the 
firm has been deservedly known as one of the foremost in the trade. The 
factory, where all the principal produce of the concern is manufactured, is 
situated at Cilbornc, in Lancashire. Branches arc controlled in the 
populous city of Belfast, and in the vast London metropolis. All kinds of 
wallpapers and every description of picture fr.amcs are to be found in the 
firm's splendid stock, which alone comprises only the finest manufactures of 
first-class workmanship, and the material utilised is the best to be obtained. 
The manufactures and slock being of such a first-class representative nature, 
it is no wonder that connections, e.vtcnding far .ind wide, have been formed, 
and arc conducted with great energy and activity. The scope of the opera- 
tions is continually increasing, and this reliable house has achieved a repu- 
tation in this branch of trade that is unsurpassed by any other house in 
the trade. Every attention is paid to the tilling and execution of all orders, 
and the numerous and varied transactions are conducted with that 
skill and energy for which business houses of this high class are so 
deservedly noted. The long and honourable career, combined with the 
reput,ation the house h.is achieved in every branch of its manufacture, has 
obt.aincd for Messrs. Mitchell Arnot & Co. a connection extending over 
and embracing high-class patronage in all parts of the United Kingdom. 
In the Dubhn br.inch alone, twenty hands arc employed. They are 
skilled operaiives, and show by their general conduct their appreciation of 
the trust reposed in them by the proprietory. The chief manager is a 
Mr. Iladfield Pass, who is fully conversant with every department of the 
trade, and is held everywhere in high esteem for the honourable and 
capable manner in which he conducts the many operations of his firm. 



Earley 4 Powells, Artists in Stained-Glass, Sculptors, 
Archlteccoral Carvers, Church Painters and Decorators, etc., 

I, Upper Camden Street. — One of the most important houses in Dublin 
connected with the manufacture of stained glass and altar decorations, is 
that of Messrs. Earley & Powells, who have now for many years carried on 
an extensive business in this attractive line. Founded in 1S53, Messrs. 
Earley & Powells soon established an important connection among the 
Catholic Hierarchy in Ireland, and are at present one of the most largely 
patronised firms throughout the whole of Ireland. This well-known firm 
have for twenty-four years sustained the highest reputation for the admirable 
and artistic quality of their work, and have received the warmest recognition 
from all connected with the various Catholic churches throughout the 
country. The firm occupy very handsome and extin-ive premises at I, 
Upper Camden Street— popularly known as the Camden Street Works — 
which are fitted and decorated in a manner worthy of the h-gh name of the 
house. The frontage of the premises measures about forty-eight feet across, 
and there are, at the rear of the warehouse, extensive workshops w here the 
various works connected with the business are carried out. These work- 
shops measure about forty-two feet across, and in depth extend to over one 
hundred and forty-three feet. The stained-glass windows supplied by this 
firm to sever.il of the churches in Ireland possess high artistic merit, and, 
as specimens of the art, may take rank with the best productions of 
England or the Continent. The drawing of the figures and general 
composition of the works referred to leave nothing to be desired, and the 
windows display an admirable eye for colour and perfect truth and fidelity to 
medieval character. A very large branch of the firm's trade is the manufac- 
ture of wooden and marble altars, some of them beautifully carved, and fully up 
to the highest work of this description. For a very long period this important 
industry received but slight recognition in Ireland, and the greater part of 
the orders found their way to London or to Germany — the latter country 
being especially noticed for its excellent work in Gothic wood-carving, and 
commanding a large share of the patronage of this country. We arc gl.ad 
to know that a state of aflairs so discreditable to the naiional instinct has 
ceased to exist, and that ecclesiastical authorities in Ireland h.ave begun to 
recognise that they can procure at home, and at less cost, work fully equal 
in artistic conception and execution to any that can be imported from 
Munich or purchased at London. There are several hous s now c. g.aged 
in this most interesting industry, and foremost among them mast be ranked 
the name of the firm forming the subject of our present review. .Messrs. 
Earley i Powells' productions in ecclesiastical furniture aje of the highest 
character, and display throughout the most artistic culture. A very large 
business is likewise done by the firm in painting and <lecorating churches, 
and in supplying those architectural and sculptural decorations used in the 
ornamentation of those s.icred edifices. There is a large and thoroughly-skilled 
staflf of workmen employed, and all work is carried out with the utmost 



despatch, under the personal supervision of the principals them-.elveii. To all 
who arc interested in artistic work we should strongly recommend a visit to 
Messrs. Eailcy & Powells' establishment, where, we feci sure, they will be 
delighted by the varied and charming designs that may be shown them, 
either in the stained gln^s or the carving departments, A visit to the 
premises is well worth the trouble taken, and cannot fail to prove both 
interesting and instructive. No house deserves Ixttcr support than that of 
Messrs. Earley He Powells, who for so many years have upheld the honour 
of Irish art, and by sheer force of excellence compelled a just recognition of 
its merits. 

W. Cnrwen, Stationer, 3, Nassau Street, and 20, Giafton 

.Street. — .\lr. Curwen, the fancy and artistic stationer of Nassau Street and 
Grafton Street, has long held a prominent position in the slaionery trade 
in Dublin. His elegant and charmingly fitted up establishments are 
familiar objects in the eyes of the p.ople of Dublin, who rarely pass thim 
without taking a long and a longing look at Mr. Curwen's pretty windows. 
We have before us Mr. Curwen's "'.Shopping Companion and Illustrated 
Catalogue " for Christmas, 18S7-8. No words could be too laudatory with 
which to describe this compact ani handy little volume, which is in il5clf a 
high tribute to cnteiprise and deltiminaiion to be ahead of all his com- 
petitors. The essential merit of this li'tle brochure is that it provides a 
handy guide for the use of persons visiting Mr. Curwen's shop on pur- 
chasing intent. We first meet with a very dainty card-case called the 
" mail " in Russian U-ither, with compartments lor .stamps, each priced 
stamp, \d., zyid., and yid., having its sjiecial and separate division, and 
on the opposite leaf we find a very useful statement of postal rates and 
charges. Turning over we next ha]ipen upon " date stands" in a variety 
of pleasing shapes and forms, and tlicn upon an exhaustive although not 
complete list of the different kinds of purses Mr. Curwen keeps in stock. 
Then come candelabras, writing sets at £1 ^s., letter boxes for o6Bce or 
home use, brass candlesticks of charmingly attractive designs, pipe racks, 
stamp boxes, photograph frames, silver pencils, racket thermometers, or, 
to be more explicit, thermometers prettily set in miniature rackets, and 
folding scissors. This by no means is an attempt to describe, or give in 
detail, the numberless pretty and useful "thii.gs," as the ladies would 
possibly call them, which Mr. Curwen oflTers for sale, and which, from 
their choice and attractive character, almost sell themselves. Mr. Curwen, 
at his two establishments, employs no less than twenty hands, and carries 
on a large die-sinking, colour-stamping, engraving, copper-plate working, 
and lithographic and letter-press prmting trade. Here, in going through 
the dainty and serviceable catalogue, we come across a most useful and 
shrewd notice which must prove of the very greatest utility to Mr. Curwen's 
lady p.itrons. We refer to some eight or ten pages ruled much in the same 
way as a daybook, and in which a lady going sh' pping at Christmastidc, 
or indeed at any other season of the ytar, may enter the purchase, the 
name of the shop at which the purchase was made, and the sum expended. 
This is unquestionably a happy thought. He also does, as might have 
been imagined, an extensive trade in Christmas cards. Mr. Curwen's 
shops are two leading features of the streets in which they stand. In 
addition to the undoubted merits of his well-selected and attractive slock, 
his windows are most elegantly arranged, and are rarely without their full 
complement of admiring people outside. Mr. Curwen himself is one of 
the besc known and most successful of Dublin tradesmen. 



The Clarence "Eotel (Lynch & 'Winewiser, Proprietors), 

6,^\'elling■.^ln t^uay, and upper poilion ol 2,3,4, 5,^; 7. — The Clarence Hotel 
on Wellington Quay is a line, spacious building, well suited for the purposes 
intended. It has been twenty-five yeais in existence, having been opened 
as an hotel in 1S62. It presents a beautiful structural appearance; its 
position is most central and well adapted for hotel business, being beauti- 
fully situated on the southern line of qu.iys midway between O'Connell 
Bridge and King's Bridge, where there arc at the latter place termini of 
the Great Southern and Wesem Railw,ay Company. 'Ihete is also a line 
of tramways passing along these quays and quite close to the hotel, and 
through this medium communication may be easily procured with all other 
parts of the city and suburlis, and the several railway and steamboat 
stations. There is ample accommodation in this estabi shment for a la'ge 
number of travellers, visitors, and tourists. It contains well appointed 
commercial and colTee-rooms. The bedrooms, about eighty in number, 
are beautifully and highly appointed in every detail, and on the whole 
this establishment will be found a most central and weiladapled place of 
temporary residence for commercial gentlemen, tourists, and private 
families who visit Dublin. Private suites of rooms are set ap.art lor the 
latter class, where will be found all home comforts and attention, at 
strictly moderate rates of taiifl. The hotel, being also situated in the 
immediate vicinity of the Four Courts, will be found a desirable residence 
to be used by provincial people who are seeking, or compelled by their 
litigious friends to seek justice or law at this celebratevl temple. The 
worthy and popular proprietors, being ihoriughly trained and cxpciienced 
business people, carefully look alter the comfoits of their numerous palions, 
and bear a very high character amongst their commercial and other friends. 
A notable feature in the management of this establishment is its strictly 
moderate rate of prices. It is at present doing a fine, flourishing business, 
and has maintained all through its many years of existence a very high 
reputatioiu 



84 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Edmondson Brothers, Seedsmen, lo, Dame Street.— Few 

things in this world tend more to please the eye and cheer the jaded mind 
than the sight of flowers. Surely the firm carrying on its business at the 
above address is entitled to be considered in this respect as a public bene- 
factor. It has been established for thirty seven years, and enjoys a very 
high reputation amongst both amateur and professional horticulturists for 
the general excellence of the goods that are sent out. The business is 
under the sole control of Mr. John Edmondson. The establishment at IC, 
Dame Street, is a handsome building with every convenience for carrying on 
so hrge a trade. It is well and substantially fitted up in the best style. 
A very large trade is done both wholesale and retail, principally the latter. 
The house has a widespread connection, not only in the city and suburbs 
but also farther afield in the provinces. A moderately large export trade 
is carried on, and Messrs. Edmondson have the satisfaction of knowing that 
their exportations have been attended with great success. The firm issues 
no less than five different catalogues every year : a general catalogue of 
^rden and flower seeds, flower roots, and garden implements, in January ; 
priced lists of agricultural seeds in February ; priced lists of bee-hives and 
bee-keeping appliances in April ; catalogues of Dutch bulbs and flower 
roots in September, and catalogues of fruit-trees and roses in October. In 
connection with rose and fruit-trees, it should be mentioned that Edmondson 




Brothers obtain their supply from Messrs. Thomas Rivers & Son, whose 
magnificent and well-kept nurseries at Sawbridgeworth are famous for the 
excellence of their produce. They generally have on their register steady 
and respectable men seeking situations as stewards, gardeners, etc. This 
is a most decided c i:ivenicnce, and one highly api)rcciated by the firm's 
clients. Mr. Edmondson says that his stock of garden implements is 
probably as complete as can lie met with. They do a large trade in bee- 
oivcs, on the humane or depriving system. In ihe season this dfparlmeni 
is stocked with the most varied and extensive assortment of hives and 
appliances for bee-keepers. A speciality is their new bar frame hives, for 
whi(.h they were awarded first prize of the Hee-kccpers' Association at IJall's 
Bridge in Ai)ril, 1882, and again at the Dairy, etc., .Show in October of the 
same year, two first prizes of the Koyal Dublin Society. In 1883, medal 
at the Cork Exhibition ; Royal Dublin .Society Dairy Show, four first prizes 
and one second ; in the show of the same society, two silver medals. In 
1885, two silver and two bronze medals from the Iii^h liee-keepcrs' 
Asmcialion, and one fiist and three second prizes at the Dairy, etc., .Show ; 
and ill 1887 at the Irish Uce-kcepers' Association they were nio.st successful, 
obtaining six first and two second prizes. This is indeed a record to be 



proud of. In their address to their patrons in the catalogue Messrs. 
Edmondson express their determination to supply articles of the first 
quality only. 1 his is what they have always done, and is the cause of the 
great success attending their efforts. 



M. Conroy, Hairdresser, etc., 12, Upper Dominick Street. — 
From the time of the immortal "Barber of Seville" down to our own 
immediate days the profession of the hairdresser has been associated more 
or less with the idea of the possession of a ready wit, a loquacious tongue, 
and the retailing of every possible kind of interesting and amusing gossip. 
This real or imaginary attribute of the profession is not confined to any 
particular age or naiionality, but is essentially Catholic ; unless, indeed, we 
may make exception of the German m isters of the craft, who certainly do 
carry on their business without much attention to the entertainment of the 
patient on whom they are operating. Judging by the adveitisement of 
Mr. M. Conroy, a "doctor in hair," whose well-known and much 
patronised establishment is at 12, Upper Dominick Street, he puts in some 
claim to the historic reputation of his calling. Mr. Conroy has been 
established in business on his own account for about six years, he having 
previously filled a position of trust in the old-established and respected 
business of Delahunt's in Wicklow Street. The premises in Dominick 
.Street are very commodious and admirably fitted in the best taste. The 
shop is well lighted from a handsome glass chandelier by night, which 
hangs from the centre of the ceiling, and finds itself reflected in a dozen 
mirrors advantageously placed around the walls. '1 he establishment is 
supplied with all the modem requisites of a first-class hairdiesser's, 
including machine hair-brushes, lavatories, etc., and is in every way a 
most creditable concern. Mr. Conroy also keeps a large assortment of 
hair-brushes, tooth-brushes, combs, razors, and all the other items of a 
gentleman's toilet. He attends customers at their own houses, all out- 
calls of this description being punctually attended to. Among his numerous 
clicnliU Mr. Conroy is very popular, his chatty and agreeable manner 
having secured him crowds of supporte s. 



Fanl Gn^ret, Charcb. Statuary and Ornament Mann- 
ficturer, 7, Wellington Quay. — A more representative or noteworthy 
house, in connection with Chuich statuary, religious ornaments and relics, 
it would be dilTicuU to meet with than that of Paul Gueret, of 7, Wellington 
Quay. The fnm's premises in one of the leading thoroughfares, offer every 
facility for the n.anufacture of the varied items comprising the extensive 
stock of tliis concern. Established but some twenty years ago, this 
illustrious house records a career cf unparalleled prosperity. bounded 
under lines of sterling integrity and s.rict business principles, this establish- 
ment soon acquired a field of vast extent for its commercial operations, 
and a connection which extended throughout the neighbouring distiicts to 
the farthest limits of the kingdom. A prominent speciality is made of 
statues of a religious nature, for eiiher in or outdoor, for which there is 
constant demand. Among other features of the splendid stock, are vest- 
ments, bronzes in every shape, Stations of the Cross, lace pictures, beads, 
medals, lamps, vases, and crucifixes. As an idea of the ramifications of Mr. 
Gueret, it m.ay be mentioned that he manufactures, besides the above-men- 
tioned items, superior hand-painted gelatine cards of the best quality and 
most artistic designs, also varieties of artificial flowers, mounted and un- 
mounted. Notwithstanding the number of hands employed, the connection 
held by Mr. Gueret is so extensive that the .ass slants are always busy 
executing the numerous orders arriving every day from all parts. Eng.aged 
in the ni.inufaclure of statuary, religious emblems, and reliquaries, so con- 
stantly in demand with Catholic communities, Mr. Gueret has achieved a 
distinction apart from commercial pursuits. 



Messrs. M, Fry & Son, Wh-^lesale and Retail Mer- 

cbants, 142 and 143, Francis Street. — .-V most im|>nrlaiit factor in the 
large trade that is carried on in country produce, is the town agent or 
merchant who buys butter, eggs, b.acon, hams, etc., from the country 
people, and sells them in return tea, haberdashery, etc. One of the fore- 
most hou.ses in Dublin in this line is the establishment of Messrs. Fry & 
Son, Wholesale ami Retail Merclianls, 142 and 143, hrancis Street. The 
premises, which are situated in one of the best business streets in the 
metropolis, are very sjiacious and commodious, and admirably arranged 
with every facility (or the convenient transaction of business. They have 
a fine street frontage of fifty feet, and a depth to the rear of thirty feet. 
The stocks, which are held in the commodious ware and s.ale-iooms, .ire 
large and of great vaiiety and conqireheiisiveness, and inclutle Indian, 
Chinese, and Ceylon teas of the choicest growths, fiesh butter and eggs, as 
also all descriptions of habcrd.ashery, wools, etc. The trading connec- 
tions, which are very v.iluable, are extensive, the house being famed 
throughout the city and suburbs, as well as in many rural districts. The 
tiade itself, from a modest beginning, has steadily develojied and increased. 
The manager and projirietor, Mr. Fry, is a gentleman who h.is brought 
long experience to bear on the many lines to wliich the business is devoted, 
and who.se integrity and upiight conduct have won the esteem and support 
of the commercial comm mily. They are also extensively engaged as 
manufacturers of ladies' and children's woollen skirts and underclothing) 
in which items the house does n large wholesale trade. 



INDUSTRIIS OK DUBLIN. 



Patrick O'Kelly, The " Irish House," i ami 2, Wood Quay. 
— Thtre are few public cslililishmciils so slron^ly coduccIkI wiih natural 
historic associations as the "Irish House," which is situatcti on Wooil 
Quay. This is one of tlic oMcst establishmenis of its line known to cxi^t 
in our populous city. Associated with mcmoiits of patriots, the remcin- 
branccs of whose troublous times are cmbo<lic<l in the pictorial embliuis 
adornini; the exterior, one of the most pri>nilncnt is that representing 
"Graltan's la t appeal in the Irish Mouse of Coinmons before the passinjj 
of the Inicm;" another denotes O'Connell upholding the Kmancipalion 
Act in the llrilish House of Commons in lS2b. Kiin weeping at the loss 
of her parliament is an illusliation that calls to remembrance that short- 
Iive<l but dlustrious House of Commons on College Green ; Irish enil>lems 
representing the " Four Provinces " are also emblazoned on the exterior, 
with representations of the utensils use I for drinking by the ancient Irish. 
The interior walls are decorated with beautiful oil-paintingi of the renowned 




Vale of Ovoca, and the historic and picturesque Lakes of Killarnry. Over 
the counter stands a fi.;ure representing Krin, in one hand she grasps a 
sword, the other unfolds to the lireeze t^^e banner of our native l:ind ; a 
clock that points the time is encased in a hirp of Irish oak-wotk sur- 
mounted by a cross, and the battle-axes and spears in use in Ireland from 
the days of King IJaihi down to '82. This establishment is consideicd 
and looked upon as the most historic house in the most historjc ward in 
Dublin, O'Connell btinj the first Catholic that ever entered the "Old 
Corporation," which w.as about the year 1S20. The ground on which the 
present building stands forms a p >rlion of the St. Patrick division for 
representation in Parliament. Mr. Patrick O'Kelly, the energetic pro- 
prietor of the " Irish House," is well known for the courteous manner in 
which he conducts his business, and it is to be trusted that he will long 
continue in the eminent position which lie at present holds. He is an 
elected P. L. G. for Wood Quay Ward at the Board of the South Dublin 
Union, and through his remarkable ability and popularity there is no 
constituency in Dublin that would not feel honoured by his representation. 



7. J. Byrne Sc Son s, House, I>an(i, and Insurance Agents, 

Quinsboro Koad, liray. — In all large cities or villages the business of the 
auctioneer and valuer is indispensable. When the business alluded to is 
carried on conjointly with that of a stationer, we need hardly say that a 
most lucrative trade can be commanded. Su h, however, is the case in the 
instance of the establishment controlled so ably by Messrs. P. J. I!yrne & 
Sons. This concern was founded some twenty years past and has during the 
intervening period earned a high and enviable repuiatii n. The premises 
jccupied comprise a handsome shop devoted to the sale of stationery and a 
well appointed office, w here house, land, and insurance business is transacted. 
In the shop, which is .also district post oflke, a highly valuable and compre- 
hensive stock of plain and fancy articles for the office, school, or boudoir, is 
nhown to advantage, at prices that we certainly must say defy competition. 
The operations of the valuation office are in a like manner transacted in a 
Hy'.e that is eminently conducive to the best interests of the firm. The 
connection enjoyed is both widespread and influential, including at one .nnd 
the same time all sections of the shopping and propertied people of this 
town. Indefatigable energy allied to courtesy and civility are the most 
pronuaent features in the capable management of this establishment. 



85 



Thomas Conroy, Provision Stores, 46, Nonh King Street. 

— One of the very oldct of the nolai.le h(jusc» associated with the 
great provi ion trade of Dublin is that of .Mr. Thomas Conroy. These well, 
known stores were originally founded by the late Mr. Howlcy alxiut sixty 
years ago, and have, from the date of lleir inception, enjoyed steady and 
continuous prosperity, and duly shared in the progress and constant develop- 
ment of the provision trade. The premises are located in a goo<l business 
position, being situated at 46, North King Street, within four minutes' walk 
from Four Courts, and alx)ut six minutes' from Midland Great Western 
Railway Terminus. 'I hey are spacious and commodious, well fitted and 
arranged, neatly appointed, anil rnuipned in the ino«' '■onvenicnt minner 
with all the re(|uirement . i i xt: Si.ry I r ilie i.ioper '.rant.clioii ol liie uusines;,. 
Large suppler of cvry cominKiiiy in the line are kept. Ua'-on, hams, butter, 
flour, bread, cheese, etc., fresh and in prime condition, and, in most cases! 
direct from the best sources of country supply, their quality and general 
excellence being unsurpKisscd. Five handsale constantly employed, and the 
greatest attention is given to the requirements of customers, who are waited 
upon wiih courtesy and politeness. A good wholesale and retail business is 
done, and the most liberal terms arc allowed to those who purchase whole- 
sale. The business is most ably and energetically conducted by its capable 
proprietor, and the house enjoys a reputation throughout the trade such as 
accrues only to those old estaldished concerns whose lengthy records arc 
untarnished by any infringement of the code of commercial honour, i rices 
in every case have been carefully considered, and can only Ix; set down as 
surprising in their mo<leration, and will com|xare favourably with stores of 
those of any other house similarly engaged. Large or small orders receive 
equal attention and prompt and satisfactory execution. Altogether, the 
establishment stands well to the fore as a thoroughly representative depflt for 
the sale of first-class articles in the important line to which it is devoted. A 
widespread patronage among the Inst classes of retailers has been secured, 
« hich the proprietor maintains and extends in the most legitimate manner by 
energy, excellent goods, and the most honourable system of commercial 
intercourse. Mr. Conroy is highly respected in mercantile circles as a 
gentleman of upright and honourable business habits, whose flourishing house- 
is a credit to his tact and skill displayed in its able and satisfactory manage- 
ment. " 



Thos. DufEy, Draper. 44, Thomas Street.— The drapery (both 
wholesale and retail) establishment of Mr. Thos. Duffy is one that owes its 
present position solely to its own merits. It is generally acknowledged that 
Thomas Street has not reached its maturity, and is a street for which there 
is opening a long future of pro;;peiity. Amongst the traders therein, Mr. 
T hos. DulTy occupies a prominent position, and his already far-extended 
business only requires to be better known to be mor^ freely and more fully 
supported. This gentleman has been establ.shcd about fifteen years, his 
shop is large and commodious and demands the nttent'on of many skilled 
attendants. The stock in all departments is valuable, while the display 
in the millinery and dress-making section is full of interest and makes 
a show of unusual elegance and beauty. The workmanship exhibited alike 
in the costumes, mantles, hats, and bonnets, shows traces of the skilled 
haiids at work. The drapery section is fully stocked, and the prices of the 
calicoes, linens, and underclothing ars indeed exceedingly mcderate. A 
special feature is the rapidity with which, owing to the number and dexterity 
of the employes, orders for costumes, jackets, and ladies' ulsters are made, 
the management guaranteeing the finished r.rticles to be ready for use in a 
few hours. Alterations in dresses are made with promptitude, and no article 
leaves the establishment that does not give complete satisfaction in fit and 
finish. Mr. Duffy personally manages, and with what success the high 
reputation of the "Commercial House," as a first-class and most select 
draper)', can liest telL 



Mr. Quinless, Room-Paper and Decorative Glass Estab- 
Ustiment. 11. .-Vungier Street. — The room-paper and glass business forms 
a most extensive I, ranch amongst the numerous city cnterpri>es. A pro- 
minent establishment devoted to this line is that carried on by .Mr. Quin'ess 
at II, .\ungier Street. This important concern was founded by its present 
enterprising proprietor alx)ut nine years ago, and has been most progressive 
and flourishing in its extensive business operations during this period. The- 
concern occupies a splendid business position in this important thoroughfare 
close to the great commercial localities of Georges Street and Dame btreet, 
in the centre of a thriving and thoroughly commercial and fashionable 
district. The premises are spacious, represented in dimensions by a fron'age 
of twenty-seven feet and a depth of sixty feet, and three storeys in height. 
They comprise an extensive shop and suitably arranged workshops, where 
a constant staflf of from ten to twelve hands are kept in full employ in the 
execution of the numerous orders extended from a widely spread patronage 
in city and surrounding districts. There is a magnificent and attractive 
stock disjilayed at the warehouse, consisting of the most select and modern 
p.itlems in roompap-rs from the celebrated maker:, ornamental glass of 
the most varied and choice designs directly imported by this eminent hou e. 
This concern has been successful in securing some of the la-gest contracts 
in the kingdom, and is most extensively engaged in metropolitan business 
in the artistic line of trade so intimately and popularly associated with the 
name of this celebrated house. The business is in a highly prosperous- 
condition and under most superior man.-jgemenl, that duty devolving on 
the efficient proprietor, who is well known and deiirvedly esteemed. 



86 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



J. Lafayette, Photographer Boyal, 30, Westmoreland 
Street. — To all who are interested in the latest developments of the 
photographer's at, a visit to the atelier of Monsieur J. Lafayette in West- 
moreland Street, cannot fail to afford the highest gratification. Although 
only cstabli>hed so recently as iSSo, M. La'ayette has already achieved the 
ver)' highest reputation, and has received the most extensive patronage from 
all classes of the Dublin publia M. Lafayette occupies very handsome pre- 
mises at 30, Westmoreland Street, which are fitted throughout in a manner 
displaying the most perfect taste, and securing to the fullest extent the com- 
fort and convenience of ladies or gentlemen patronising his stud'i by their 
presence. The walls display an admiialile selection of highly finished and 
artistic photographs, which in excellence of production, and method of 
treatment, cannot be surpassed by the productions of any photographic 
studio in the United Kingdom, or upon the Continent. The con- cction which 
this gifted artist has been enabled to form, during the short sjiace of eight 
years, is of a most extensive and aristocratic character, many of his sitters 
and patrons moving in the most select and influential circles of society 
in Dublin. All the photographs taken at M. Lafayette's atelier are 
highly finished in the "Enamelled Style," a method of treatment which 
imparts wonderful softness and brilliancy to the picture. Another special 
feature in his portraits is the introduction of his Chromotype Carbon Pro- 
cess, in which, by the use of permanent pigments instead of the chemical 
salts hitherto employed, permanency as well as brilliancy is obtained, and 
all fear of the picture becoming faded is perfectly insured against. The 
employment also of the instantaneous process as practised in M. Lafayette's 
atelier, is of the greatest advantage, especially in the case of children's por- 
traits ; and there are in his gallery some exquisite specimens of his work in 
this particular branch. Most persons will have noticed the constrained and 
often frightened expression on the faces of children photographed by the 
old and tedious method ; but, under the new system, the phologmph being 
taken in a second, a natural expression is caught, which by the former 
method would be often impossible. M. Lafayette has a large and accom- 
plished stafli of painters in oil and water-colours, through the aid of whose 
services he is now enabled to execute orders for pictures in the different 
styles required, and on terms which, considering the excellence of the 
■workmanship, strike us as being particularly moderate. Life-sized 
portraits in oil, and miniatures on ivorj' or porcelain, are executed 
in the most admiiable manner, and some of the specimens v^e had 
the good fortune to be able to inspect were exquisite examples 
of this style of art. The high reputation which M. Lafayette has 
acquired is by no means confined to Dublin or to Ireland, his work having 
received a widespread recognition as to its superior merit wherever 
exhibited ; and receiving special commendation from such fully qualified 
authorities as the leading London art journals, and the jurors of various 
exhibitions who have awarded him several prize medals. The crowning 
honour, however, in ^L Lafayette's artistic career, is the summons he 
received from Her Majesty the Queen, at whose command he proceeded to 
Windsor and photographed the Royal Family ; the distingiiislied honour 
being permitted him to sign himself " Plioto^rapher Royal " by special 
warrant. He also attended at Marlborough House and photographed the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, Princess Louise, Princess Victoria, and 
Princess Maud of Wales. Among the other distinguished patrons who 
have honoured M. Lafayette with sittings for their portraits, we may 
mention the names of H.R.H. Prince Albert Victor, H.R.H. the Duke of 
Cambridge, His Serene Highness Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar, and 
the Princess of Saxe-Weimar, Their Excellencies the Lords Lieutenants of 
Ireland for the past eight years, the Archbishops of Dublin, and the Chief 
Secretary, Duke and Duchess of I^inster, Duke of Abercorn, Marquis of 
Kildare, Lord Ashbourne (Lord Chancellor), the Duke and Duchess of 
Saxc-Meiningcn, the Duke of Teck, Earl of Dohoughmore, Marchioness of 
Ormonde, Lady Brooke, Marchioness of Waterfurd, Earl and Countess 
Cowper, Hon. Mrs. North Dalrymple, Lord Clarina, Viscount Powcrscourt, 
Duchess of Marlborough, Earl of Pembroke, Earl Fitzwilliam, the Countess 
of Carnarvon, and a great many more ol the nobility and gentry of Ireland. 
In fact, in rcaiiing over the list of distinguished names forming >1. I^fayclle's 
numerous clinuiU, one is apt to forget for a moment that one is not merely 
leading the names in some Court directory. We may add that in connec- 
tion with the studio, M. Laf.iyettehas provided additional and commodiMUs 
dressing-rooms, which are fitted with every convenience lor the use and 
comfort of his sitters. 



Prescott & Co., Dyers and Carpet Cleaners, S3, T.ilbot 
Street. — Tliere has been nu discovery of science that has conferred more 
benefits on the mixlern household, than that new and mo,l useful ait of 
dyeing. There is no better exemplification of the growing spirit of thrift 
and economy that is abroad at the present time, than can be found in llie 
extensive and increasing patronage that is accorded to the many dyeing 
establishments that compete for the public favour. Distinguislied and 
prominent among the»c is justly ranked the well-knowii firm of .Messrs. 
Prcscolt. Magniiudc of o|KKitiuns and exceptional ilurability of work done 
arc the features of their useful operations that conduce to raise this firm to 
the highest level in the commercial interests of modern Dublin. The liberal 
policy that characterises the affairs of this house is as plainly observable in 
the commolious and spacious premises that are replete with every facility 
for ilyeing or cirpetshaking as in the efforls that have been made to turn out 
nothing thit in every sense could not be callerl true and good value. The 
grvat niajorily of the people are U-giiining to recognise the enormous saving 
thai can be made by getting their clothes, whether they ate gentlemen's or 



ladies' apparel, dyed. In fact, the art has reached such an acme of perfection 
at Messrs. Prescott's establishment that it is impossible to distinguish 
between goods dyed in it, and the same articles perfectly new, and when 
the great difference in price saved is remembered, it is a wonder that such 
a house as Messrs. Prescott is not even greater than it is. However, from 
the steady increase in Messrs. Prescott's business, if we can use their great 
trade as a criterion of the dyeing industry, we may assume that before very 
long this business will create a revolution in the weaving apparel of our 
people. It is in quality and appearance, not in peculiarity of style, that the 
change will be effected. Even now there is no reason why our boys or girls 
or even ourselves should wear old or faded clothes when we have the means 
at a nominal price to renovate them and make them equal to new. No 
person who has ever patronised Messrs. Prescott has had reason to regret 
the occurrence; rather the satisfaction of having eflected a great saving, testi- 
fied itself in the continuance of his orders to this firm. This branch of the 
business is by no means confined to dyeing of habiliments, as its m.any 
patrons, that periodically get their blankets and quilts cleaned and dyed, 
are well aware. From the best facilities, improvements, and modem 
machinery acquired, the quality of the dyeing is incomparable, both in rich 
and plain colourings as well as the durability of them. The latter qualities 
are the two necessary desiderata which so many houses compete in, but in 
which it remains for this celebrated house to undoubtedly take the palm. 
The second important line of business is one that is closely allied to the first, 
and one in which tliis house has shown clearly an unmistakable superiority 
in method and execution as well as excellence to any other firm we have 
any knowledge of. We allude to the carpetrshaking industry. Formerly 
this business was done by the imperfect process of hand-beating, but now 
that has been superseded by the safer, cleaner, and more perfect means of 
machinery. The introduction of this new departure we believe is solely due 
to this firm, and consequently it may be easily understood that the advan- 
tages of it were first availed of through this firm, who have acquired a most 
extensive dicnlile as a resultant. In its entirety there is a most giatilyiiig 
appearance of prosperity and briskness of business that augurs well for a 
long-continued course of utility for the house's practical industries. Its 
proprietaiy, who in the face of many obstacles attained the happy accom- 
plishment of raising their business to the conspicuous position it holds, have 
won the golden opinions of every one whom, through business or otherwise, 
they were brought in contact with, for their courtesy, and tlie higher 
business qualities that make the success which invariably succeeds. 



R. Barrett, Candle ManTtiasttirer, etc., 23 & 24, Lincoln 

Place. — An establishment that is doing a rapidly increasing business is that 
of Mr. Robert Barrett, wax and tallow candle manufacturer, soap and oil 
merchant, located as above. The business was originally started some 
sixteen ye.irs ago, and at once began to take up a leading position amongst 
the other houses in the same line. It has gone on steadily increasing its 
trade till it has now an extensive and widespread connection in the city, 
the suburbs, and the surrounding country, where it does a business of great 
volume and value. The premises at the above address are large and 
spacious. They have a frontage of fifty-one feet, and a depth of eighty- 
four. The show-room contains a splemiid show of camiles of all makes 
and descriptions, from the aristocratic wax down to the lowly tallow. 'I here 
is also agood selection of soaps and oils for all purpnses. All these difierent 
articles are of the best quali y exclusively. The greatest care is taken in 
the manufacture of the candles, and the soaps ami oils are thoroughly 
reliable. About a dozen hands are constantly employed under the per>on.al 
superintendence of Mr. Bariett, who manages the business with great ability 
and enterprise. He has had many years' experience, which he uses to his 
customers' and his own adv.intage. The business is most ably conducted 
in every way and receives the substantial support of an extensive and 
infiiiential patrjnage. ^ 

James Bowe, Grocer, Wine and Spirit Mercliant, ij, 

William Street. — The family grocery, wine, and .-pirit trade constitutes a 
most important branch of commerce in the city, and numerous fine estab- 
lishments are embarked in that business. A popul.ir concern in this 
connection is carried on by .Mr. James Howe .at 15, William Street. This 
well-known house was first opened about half a cen ury past, and has 
made goud headway during that time in growing up a ]>rosperous and 
largely increasing Inisiness. It occupies a most suitaUe p sition.is situated in 
one of the leading business streets in the centre of a thick population, and 
clo^e to such important localities as the .South City .M.irkets, Uame Street, 
Ueorgc's Street, Trinity Street, etc. The premises consist ol a fine fivc- 
stoieyed house liuving a fronlige of twenty-two feet and a depth of seventy 
feet ; the shop is haiiils»incly fitted up with all modern and tasteful fittings 
and designs, which present a must ai tractive appearance. There is always in 
slock a choice and well-assorted supply of Irish whiskies from the dislilleiies 
ol John laineson & Son (seven years old), John Power & .Son, William 
J.imeson iV Co., t-i. Roe & Co., the Dulilin Whisky Distillery Co., etc. ; 
ii splendid assuilinciit of wines, brandies, hollaiuls, champagne, Jamaica 
rmi, Bass & Co., Allsopp & Co. 's celebrated ales in wood and bottle, 
Guinness & Soils' renowned Dublin stout .and porters. Also a magnificent 
supply oJ choice leas, sug.irs, fruits, spices, tinned meats and fish, etc. A 
widespread p.itroiiogc is accordcil to this well-known firm from the several 
classes in the coiiiiuuiiity. Tlierc is a good stalf of assistants at work, and 
the conccMi, wlii,,li is under the su|iervision of the proprietor, who possesses 
liiyh business nn.diiicatioiis and is thoroughly esteemed by his many friends 
and custum-ris, would well repay a visit. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



87 



Baswell's Private ramily Hotel (Mr. J. A. Kclntoah, 

Proprietor) 25. -(>. a'"l 3°. Mi>li-swoitli Sinct.— One of the- mu^l old- 
csulilibhcil ami hit;lily rcs|ici.t;il.Ic family Ik.uIs in DuMiii is that which is 
popularly known to fame as " liuiwcUs Private Hotel," an.l which for 
many years has been very ably and cOiciently manafjed by Us present 
respected proprietor, Mr. J. A. Mcintosh. This well-known and popular 
establishment occupies premises consisting of three handsome houses at 
25, 26, and 30. .Molesworth Street, and is altogether one of ihc best of its 
kind in the Irish metropolis. The premises, which are very extensive, 
comprise sever.il suites of handsome ap.irtmenls, which are ihiounhout 
fitted in the most tasteful and elaborate manner, and in a way which 
cractically ensures the comfort and convenience of families using the hotel. 
There .are twelve t-astefully appointed silting-rooms, and a lart;e numb::r of 
niry bedrooms, all of which are furnislied in the most fashionable and com- 
fortable manner, and the hotel as a whole has been arranged on a most 
convenient and useful plan. Kstablished over thirty years ago, this well- 
known establishment has long received the most extensive support and 
palron.ige. and is periodically the home of many country gentlemen and 
tjieir families, whom business or plea-ure bring to the capital. The house 
has long borne the most enviable reputation for comfort, and the excellent 
quality of its fare, and is perhaps one of the best patronised family hotels in 
Ireland. The cuisine of the house is faultless, there being no hotel in 
Dublin, whether of the privaie or family order, which can supply 3. more 
rtiherche dinner, or one better served, than Buswcll's. In sp.^aking of 
hotels one naturally thinks of the important question of attendance. Here 
again Mr. Mcintosh is famous, taking as he docs the greatest care in the 
selection of his large staff of servants, and insisting on his guests receiving 
all the attention .and respect that can and should be paid to visitors. The house 
also has a high reputation for the excellent quality of its wines, and other 
liquors, all of which arc of the finest description, and fully bear out and justify 
the old name of the house in this important particular. The cellars arc well 
stocked with an a>lmir.able supply of line old port, sherry, claret, and other 
iUvourite wines, some of the former being of very old and superior quality. 
There is also somcadmirabic light dinnersherrj-, which has found much favour 
with Mr. Mcintosh's guests, and is as excellent in quality .as it is moderate 
in price. A large share of the popularity attending the house is doubtless due 
to the courteous and polite manner of the host himself, who by his manner 
has largely contributed to the success of his establishment, .and gained for 
himself the friendship, even, of many guests using his house. Among those 
who patronise the es'.ablishment are T.S.H. Pnnce and Princess tdward 
of Saxe-Weimar ; M.irquesses Clanricarde, Conyngham, Drogheda, Head- 
fort, Sligo ; Earls Abingdon, Annesley, Bantry, Bective, Belmore, Carrick, 
Carysfort, Clonmell, Cowper, Desart, Donoughmore, Enniskillen, Erne, 
Fing.all, Fitzwilliam, Granard, Ilopetoun, Kenmaie. Kilmnrey, Leitrim, 
Lislowel, Longf.rd, Kanfurly, Koden, Rosse, Westmeath, Wicklow, 
Yarborough ; Viscounts Bangor, Combermeie, Doneraile, Massereene, 
Monck ; Lords Beaumont, Carbery, Castlemaine, Churchill, Clonbrock, 
De Freyne, Dunsany, Grevllle, Harlech, Inchiquin, Kilmaine, Liffor 1, 
Louth, Lurgan, Muskerry, Orannvire and Browne, Rath lonnell, Walls- 
court. It is impossible in the liniiied scope of our review to render full 
justice to the many excellent qualities of Buswell's Hotel, and we regret 
that considerations of space pi event us from doing more than ofToring the 
rudest portrait, in outline, of the house. In conclusion we can merely 
repeat how high the position of the house is among establishments of a 
similar character, and willingly bear tcslimony to its able and efficient 
management, and the homelike feeling induced by a stay within its walls. 



ISZessrs. Tates & Son, Optician- ind Scientific Instru- 
ment Makers, 2, t^rafion ^tieet, — Eslabliitied tally a century, there is no 
house in the United Kingdom in its particular line, which is entitled to take 
higher rank than the old-established and highly respectable lirm which forms 
the subject of this notice. Among opticians and manuHicturers of scientihc 
ajiparatus and appliances, the lirm of Vates & Son has received from the 
public generally the warmest marks of approval, and the most extended 
patronage. On its inception the house soon began to be known in scientihc 
circles throughout the kingdom for the excellent quality and exactness of 
its instruments and scientilic appli.iiices, and the high name tluis honourably 
earned from the first, it has been the pleasing duty of the present members 
of the firm to maintain unimpaired. The premises of Messrs. Yates & Son 
are striking and handsome, and in every w.ay worthy of the name and 
reputation of the house. The shop is suitably fitted with every modern im- 
provement, and stocked with a rare and expensive assortment of mathe- 
matical, scientific, and other instruments, which we venture to s.ay cannot 
be surpassed — if equalled — by any other house in the trade. We have 
bei'ore us two closely-printed illustrated catalogues, forming indeed only a 
pkirt o.*^ the general catalogue of this valuable stock, which we wish it were 
within the scope of our present article to deal with fully. These catalogues, 
dealing with electrical apparatus and appliances, and drawing, surveying, and 
engineering instruments, seem to cover the whole field of those two subjects 
in the most comprehensive manner, and display a supply of articles which, 
for completeness and absolute excellence of workman-hip, leaves nothing to 
be desired. The catalogue (a book in itself of some lifiy odd pages) de- 
voted to electrical apparatus and appliances, is divided under several dis- 
tinct headings, such as, Frictional hiectricity ; Voltaic .and Galv.anic Ap- 
paratus, including battery requisites, such as porous cells, flat and round, 
ebonite cells, etc., etc.; 'Ihenno-electrie Apparatus; Magneto electric 



Apparatus (Clarke's, Wilde's, Tislcy's, etc.); Induction Coils; Electric 
Bells and ,\pparatus ; Electrical Rain G.iuges ; Lightning Conductors, and 
a host of other apparatus and appliances used in every possible branch of 
electrical or scientific practice or experiment. I^aeh of the subjects the 
reader will remember is but a headiu^, under which will 1)0 found a long 
list of the various inventions, appliances, or machines, lielonging to each 
class, so that a fair idea of the extent of the firm's stock is in this way arrived 
at. The drawing, surveying, and general engineering instruments, are 
cat.alogucd in a hook even thicker than that devoted to scientific appliances, 
running to about sixty pages, and embracing every instrument, from the 
most familiar, as the compass or a set of parallel rules, to cradle theodolites, 
clinometers, and elliptographs, whose uses are not so generally understood. 
The instruments or apparatus manufactured by this house have receive! the 
highest testimonials from all quarters, and from all cU^ses of scientific men, 
an 1 have further received the Award of Merit from experienced judges at 
various exhibitions, at home and abroad, Messrs Yates & Son being the 
lucky possessors of about six first-class silver medals. It will not surprise 
the reader to learn that the firm are makers of instruments by appointment 
to the Univcr-ity of Dublin, and to the Port of Dublin Corporation ; 
though it is a little more worthy of notice that the Government High Schools 
of India also honour the firm with their patronage. All the instruments 
made by the house have been over and over again pronounced by practical 
men to be unsurp.assable for accuracy, high finish, and durability, and, we 
m.iy add, for general excellence of workmanship. The head of the firm is 
a thoroughly practical man, and can go through all the constructive detail 
of the work as well as any of the foremen in the various departments— a 
fact, no doubt, which has largely contributed to the great success and 
prosperity achieved by his house. 



A. P. Sharp, Architect aral and Mounmental Sculp- 
tor, etc., 17, tircat lirunpwick Street. — The business of architectural 
and monumental sculpture is one which, from its nature, admits of the 
exercise of considerable artistic skill. In this particular line, of recent 
years, there has been displayeil a very great improvement, the latter- 
day development of the art having resulted in the production of 
monumental works, some of the very highest merit, and all evincing the 
most steady advance in the knowledge and principle of design. Among 
Dublin houses devoted to this branch of industry, and which have been 
most closely identified with its progress, that of .Mr. A. P. Sharp is parti- 
cularly deserving of a word of praise, and cannot assuredly be passed over 
hastily in any review of the trade. Founded only as recently as about the 
year 1S71, Mr. Sharp, from the very commencement of his career, earned 
for himself and his establishment a very notable reputation, owing to the 
excellent taste dispUayed in his designs, and the admirable workmanship 
which distinguished their execution. This very well-known establishment 
occupies extensive premises at the above address, consisting of office and 
monumental yard — the latter having an entrance of about fifteen feet wide 
by over one hundred feet deep— and two workshops at the rear about forty 
feet square, specially built and lighted for the various branches of his 
trade. There is a large assoitment of designs and drawings for monu- 
mental tombstones, pulpiis, fonts, reredoses, etc. During the seventeen 
years that Mr. Sharp has been practising his art, he has gained consider- 
able popularity in ecclesiastical work especially, and achieved, as we have 
previously remarked, a distinguished reputation for skill and t.aste. The 
yard is extensively stocked with a large and varied assortment of monu- 
ments, Celtic crosses, headstones, and memorial tablets in stone .and 
marble, as well as stone vases, marble statues, and for monumental and 
ecclesiastical purposes, also for fountains and other objects of out-door 
architectur.al decoration. Th-rc is also a most artistic display of plas'.er 
enrichments, and architectural ornaments of classic and moilern design, all 
modelled on the premises, .all of which are remarkable for their giace and 
elegance, as well as their truth to the particular periods of art they serve to 
illustrate. In building generally he does considerable work ; he has now 
in fiand the very elaborate tower and spire at Raheny, also extensive addi- 
tions to Carnalway Church, Co. Kildare. Another branch of Mr. Sharp's 
important business, and one in which he has likewise gained no Utile 
I'a.ne, is the manufacture of church furniture in wood ; he employs a 
number of wood-carvers and cubinet-m.akers exclusively at church-furniture 
work. He has now in hand the elaborate carved-oak furniture for the 
new church at Ratieny, and lor St. Luke's, Cork. There are, lv)lh at 
Glasnevin and Mount Jerome cemeteries, many high-cl.ass tombs and 
nionuiucnts executed from his designs and under his supervision at the 
premises in 17, Great brunswick Street. All these designs evince, as 
we stated in our opening remarks, u very decided advance and de- 
velopment in the art of monumental and architectural scu'pture, and 
reflect the very highest credit on the taste, skill, .and judgmem possessed 
by the proprietor of the establishment. We leel convinced that before 
this line of business there must l)e a very great future, and one 
destined to wi.ness even still greater advance than that to which we have 
alluded, and feel confident, judging by the past record of Mr. Sharp's 
establishment, that he will be .iNle to give a good accour.t of himself in the 
future .as in the past. Sp.ice will not permit us to give a detailed descrip- 
tion of some of the very beautilul specimens of carving to lie seen at the 
yard in Brunswick Street. Viewed as a commercial undertaking, the 
business is no less noticeable than when viewed from its artistic aspect, 
and in the trade no house occupies a more assured position. The manage- 
ment of the business is everything that can be desired. 



88 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



W. Birney, Ironmonger, etc., 45. Mary Street —An important 
house in the ironmonger)- traile is that of Mr. W. Hirney, whose establish- 
ment has for many years occupied a position of gieat prominence amongst 
the first-class commercial houses of Dublin. Founded about the year iSio, 
this old establidi.d and highly respect.ild: house has long achieved the 
highest reputation for the excellent quality of iis goods. The premises 
occupied by this respectable house are situated at 45, Mary Street, and are 
of great extent, stretching back to Chapel Lane, where are situated the 
works in connection with the business. I'he premises measure about 200 
feet from front to rear, and give employment to a large number of hands. 
The business done by the house is of a very extensive description, and is of 
joth a wholesale and retail character. The stock includes culinary articles 
and utensils, etc.. a large selection of kitchen r.-inges, made on the best 
principles, to suit private families, large establishments, hotels, club houses, 
and public institutions ; while a smaller class of goods are deserving of 
more than a word of praise — we allude to the small ranges designed for 
gate lodges, labourers' cottages, and artisans' dwellings. There is also a 
lai^e collection of register giates, tile hearths, marble and metal mantel- 
pieces, hot air stoves, fenders and fire-irons, and many more of a like 
character. Mr. Birney takes large orders for plumbing, bell hanging, gas 
fitting, and smith's work, all being carried out to tht perfect satisfaction of 
his patrons. Mr. Birney sends experienced and thoroughly competent mc.i 




to execute work in all parts of the country, a large business being done in 
sanitary plumbing and sewer work, and in looking after and repairing 
lavatories, baths, water-closets, etc. Mr. Birney's stock also contains 
electro-plated goods in spoons, forks, cruets, fish knives, fruit knives, and 
other articles of cutlery. The general stock comprises brushes, cocoa 
matting, dish covers, meat safes, hot water plates rnd dishes, galvanised 
goods, refriccrators, larder requisites, pantry requisites, such as plate 
chamois and sponges, knife-boards, shoe-brushes and blacking; hall 
requisites, coal vases, and table cutlery ; iron and brass be<lstcads, and 
bedding of every kind and description. There are workshops specially 
dcToted to preparing marble chimney-pieces, etc., many of which are 
admirable specimens of this paiticular branch of manufacture. The slock 
of electroplated or nickel-silver wares is very large and varied, and com- 
prises a choice selection of table fjrks, dessert and table spoons, soup, 
sauce, and " loddy " ladle, sugar tongs, and other articles of similar use, 
all of which will be found excellent in quality, and moderate in price, con- 
sidering the superiority of the articles. There is also a lengthy catalogue 
of miscellaneous articles of kitchen and house furnishing goods, which 
seems to comprise every item it is possible to think of in this direction. 
Commercially speaking, the house occupies a high position in the trade, and 
has received on all sides the warmest commendation for the admirably 
effective manner in which it is controlled. 



James Fakenham, Ham and Bxcon Carer, Brickfield 
Lane. — An important branch of the industries of this city, and one which 
has reflected a considerable amount of credit on it, has ever been the ham 
and bacon curing trade. In this business we could not cite a more repre- 
sentative house than Mr. James Pakenham's, of BrickfreUI Lane, Dublin. 
There are few names so widtly known in cornection with ihi^ business tl an 
the gentleman's already mentioned, and there are few houses that can 
boast of such a continued course of prosperity as his been the lot of this 
establishment. The business was inaugurated over half a century ago, and 
since its very inception iis career has been marked by a continuous success, 
that is the true test of reli.ibility. The premises occupied .are large and 
commodious, and equipped with every requirement fcr the proper prepara- 
tion of his celebrated hams and Kicon. 'J he lard, both bladdered and in 
tierces, holds pre-eminence for its colour and flavour, and in general heads 
the market. The large and carefully kept stock of these aricles of con- 
sumption is an indication of the extensive and widespread connection. 
The quality of the goods is recognised in the favour accorded to them by 
the public, and his hams are very much sought after, his bacon h.is a most 
beautiful taste and is sold by all the princip.al purveyors in this city, and 
their mild flavour and peculiarly agreeable taste are such as to gain them 
a decided preference to the hams and bacons cured by a greit many other 
houses, 'i he order and perfect arrangement for transactitin of the business 
adapts the house as peculiarly suitable for the execution of the large orders, 
it is in receipt of daily from all parts, in fact there are very few firms in the 
metropolis in this line who command such an important trade. This 
house slaughters between 300 and 400 weekly. A gratifying detail in 
connection with this establishment is the fact of the employment it gives to 
the large number of twenty-six hands, and one that speaks well for the 
flourishing condition of the business. The judgment displayed in the 
conduct of the entire business by Mr. Pakenham, has brought the concern 
into a well deserved prominence. 

Michael Eutler, Antique Fumitore and nph.olstering' 
Wsu'ehouses, 20 and 127, Upper Abbey Street. — The admirable collection 
of antique and modern furniture to be seen at the establishments of Mr. M. 
Duller, situated at the addresses given above, is well worth attention. 
Mr. Butler is, comparatively speaking, but recently established in Dublin, 
his premises having been optnel only about fourteen years. The immense 
improvement which of late years has taken place in the manufacture oC 
artistic furniture of a first-class character, is admirably exemplified in the- 
carefully selected stock got together by Mr. Butler, whose goods, not 
merely in artistic excellence — and from this point of view they take high 
rank — but in durability and excellence of workmanship, my fearlessly 
invite comparison with the best productions of London or Parisian houses. 
Mr. Butler has two establishments, one at No. 26 and the other at No. 127,. 
Upper Abbey Street, both being fitted in the most tasteful and appropriate 
manner. During the fourteen years Mr. Butler has now been prominently 
before the public, he has man,aged to form a connection which, both 
numerically and in point of influence, cannot be surpassed by any house ia 
the trade, and which forms the highest testimonial as to the character and 
quality of his work. The premises at Upper .-Vbbey Street contain a large 
and valuable collection of some rare specimens of beautiful and artistic 
furniture, in the Chippendale and Sheraton styles. There are also to he 
seen at Mr. Butler's showrooms beautiful specimens of Chippendale, 
Venetian, and convex mirrors, old china and cut-glass articles, as well as 
some rare engravings by Bartolozzi, after the works of Cipriani, Angelica 
Kaufmann, Morland, and other painters of the early English school. Mr. 
Butler's connection is widespread ; not merely has he a large circle of 
customers among the Irish nobility and gentry, but also among the 
English aristocracy, and even, has sent goods as far as America. It is 
impossible in the limited scope of a sketch like this to ofl'er any descriptioR 
worthy of the name of the articles to be inspected at these establishments,, 
and we can only express a ho|)e that our readers will pay the establish- 
ment in <|Ucstion a visit and judge for themselves. Few establishments itv 
Dublin are better deserving of the amount ol patronage they have received. 



E. H. Marti, Coiffeur and Farfnmeur, 32, Upper O'Connell 

Street. — An enterjirisiitg and noted estalilisliinent in the hair.lressing and 
perfumery 1 ne is that of Mr. Eugene II. .Marti, a well-known talented 
artist, whose premi.ses arc considered to be the most comfortable in this 
connection. Every attention is paid to the comfort of patrons, the inter or 
being fitted with every convenience. The window is exceedingly well- 
dressed with a complete stock of wigs, perfumeries, and other tonsorial 
requisites. Mr. .M.irti undertakes hairdr;rssing in all its branches ; he is. 
also a wig and ornamental hairdresser vt no mean ability. His ojicra- 
ti.ms, in every respect, are noted for combining the latest with the finest 
finish and workmanship. With the distinction he has acquired in this, 
branch of trade, and that of hair-working, it is no wonder his saloon is 
frequented by the most prominent members of our city. lie enjoys a 
connection comprising patronage emanating from the highest circles in 
Dublin ; throughout his career his hainire-sing rooms have always been, 
considered fiist-tl.\ss, and the thorough satisfaction that his customers 
always evince at the result of his operations, is the best guarantee that can 
be vouched for his sl.ill and ability. The connections are so extensive, 
and his name is .so popular, that in order to meet the pressure of business 
he affords employment to a large slaflT of efficient employes, who are. 
busily eng.aged in attending to customers' requirements. 



INDUSTRIKS OF DUBLIN. 



89 



OBE EXPi^ 



The Globe Parcel Express Universal Carrier, S, iMcn 

Quay. — The mlvanlagcs wc i-njoy in this Vicluri.in era arc inultiliKlini>us ; 
anil the mere recapmilation of the wonders of M-ieiililic |)ro(;ress, or the 
reconling of a series of discoveries in the paths of art and manufacture, all 
tendiug to the colossal strides made and malntaineil by the promoters of 
our commerc'.al industries, and which have raised these countries to the 
proud position they hold amongst the nations, woidd cnyaye a master 
mind. Our railways, great ocean steamships, ami the systems of inler- 
cominunicalion that a 
<ong era of peace has es- 
tablished and developed 
by the enterprise of in- 
dividuals or the con- 
certed efforts of labour 
nnd capital working in 
company, have placed 
advantages heretofore 
only open to the wealthy 
at the command of the 
humblest and the least 
favoured of the commu- 
nity. Amongst all our 
commercial enterprises 
a special notice is de- 
served by the proprie- 
tors of the Globe Parcel 
Kxpress, whose ramifi- 
cations extend from east 
to west and from north 
to south of the habitable 
globe. This is no exag- 
geration, but simple 
truth, and combined 
with their well-chosen 
watchwords of "eco- 
nomy," "speed," "re- 
gul.arity," and "safety," 
it is not surprising the 
public trust has in- 
creased and they now 
occupy the leading posi- 
tion as universal carriers. Established in 1837 in succession to Waghorn 
of the Overland route, they have grown yearly in extent by the exercise of 




energy, keeping pace with the advancement of all the new improvements 
in traffic, and the requirements of mercantile progress, always exacting 
the perfection of their foreign agencies towards the desired requirements of 
the public. It is most important to mention here that the Globe lixpress 
are the sole agents in the United Kingdom of the "Continental Daily 
Parcels Express." This linking of two such powerful companies must tend 
in a remaikable manner to the economy .and efficiency of the European and 
general foreign traffic ; and we may here mention, tn fassant, that as great 
a saving as sixteen per cent, is effected on Indian freights by the Globe 
Parcel Express when compared with the present Government parcels post 



tariff; whilst at home it will be found on perusal of the company's price 
list that the rate* between the principal citic» are much in favour of the 
private enterprise. The pub'ic convenience is on every side cared for and 
diligently looked after by the (llobc Parcel Express, and wc here place 
before the reader some of the many advantages that may be derivc<l by ill 
use. Parcels are collected and delivered at the lowest rate, and need not 
be prepaid. The company recoup for any loss arising from their remiss- 
iiess ; they furnish receipts for all goods consigned to them, insure goods 

on application, clear 
bonded goods and for- 
ward same, and, to tup- 
ply a great want, have 
added the collection of 
accounts against the de- 
livery of goo<ls which 
may be forwarded by 
commercial firms, who 
frequently receive orders 
from |>ersijns unknown 
to them, or unaccom- 
panie<l by remittance or 
references ; the cost of 
home collections being 
one and a quarter per 
cent., and British and 
foreign twf> and a half to 
five per cent. The com- 
; •ienessofthc"Globe" 
^ ^tem is such that it 
11 rs great inducements 
i large houses for de- 
ivrry, not only for local 
irposes but for daily 
transmission to the 
several railway and 
steamship conveyances, 
and it is obvious that the 
carrying in bulk enables 
the company to success- 
fully compete in the im- 
portant matterof freights, 
and past experience has proved their system beneficial in all the large centres 
since the company established same. A special care is manifest in the ex- 
cellence of the suburban delivery, which has proved a great boon to the 
dwellers on the north and south side of the city, and the moderate charges 
are instanced when we state that a parcel of seven pounds will be collected 
in Dublin and delivered in Kingstown for the low sum of twopence, whilst 
two stone weight can be carried same distance for fouipencr. Comment 
on this is needless. The Dublin branch, 8, Eden Quay, is working over a 
quarter of a century, and every information regarding charges, freight, etc., 
can be at once obtained personally from a staff of courteous though busy 
assistants, or by return i>ost from the Manager, Mr. \Vm. A. M Cleane, to 
whom all communications may be addressed. 



J. A. Mangan, House Fnmisliing Establishment, 26 and 

27, Upper Lifley Street. — It is twenty-five years since Mr. J. \. .Mangan 
opened the well-known house-furnishing firm, in which he now engages 
twenty of the most competent cabinet-makers, upholsterers, and assistants, 
ito conduct a business that is year by year acquiiing, though par.adoxical it 
may seem, a commercial vitality which docs the greatest credit to the trade 
of an establishment, which is admiitcd to be an emporium of the best 
general furniture in Dublin, and which, on account of its well fitted up 
show-rooms and extensive warehouses, would alone show sufficient patron- 
age without the extensive export trade that the excellence and superior 
artistic merit of goods supplied have always commanded in I^ngland .and 
Wales. Mr. Mangan's stock, which is one of the largest in the metropolis, 
combines a rich and dur.able collection of all kinds of furniture, upholstery, 
cabinet-making, etc., to suit every class, and which for variety and genuine 
\'alue it would be hard to equal and impossible to excel. This house has 
been the residence of the clergy of the Catholic Cathedral of Dublin, 
called St. Mary's Pro-Catheilral ; portions of the chapel walls are still 
standing and form a part uf the premises. Situated as his house is in the 
■centre of the city, not four minutes' walk from the General Post Office, a 
discriminating public have ever found it to their interest and convenience 
,to inspect one uf the best general furnishing houses in Dublin. 



John W. Sullivan, Auction Booms, 8, D'Olier Street.— -The 
■auctioneering busine--s is one of the most nourishing enterjirises in the 
city. This br.anch is well represented by numerous fine concerns embarked 
in the business, amongst them the firm of Mr. J. \V. Sullivan, No. 8, 
D'Olier Street, the leading establishment of its class in the city. It 
was established many years back by Mr. J. E. Jones, who was succeeded 
ly the present proprietor. The waierooir.s are most extensive and suitably 
..arranged in all their oppoinmenls. The internal appearance conveys the 
•impression of a very flourishing business being conducted. The storage is 



ample, and contains immense quantities of all descriptions of household 
furniture, paintings, and valuable libraries, which are deposited for sale, 
this being a special branch of the trade conducted at the establishment. 
In the development of the business of the concern a large staff of expe- 
rienced assistants are employed. The firm has a widespread patronage from 
all parts of the city and country. The business, under splendid management, 
has grown to large dimensions, a result reflecting the highest cctdit on the 
energetic proprietor. 

Ephraim Phillips, Gentlemen's Outfitter, Shirk and 
Collar Maker, 37, (jralton Street. — Mr. Kphraim Phillips is m the enjoy- 
ment of a gninl trade at his well-known establishment in 37, Grafton Street, 
and looks with confidence to see it still further develop by a continuance of 
close personal supervision and attention to all the many details of the 
business. The shirt and collar department has always been a prominent 
feature in connection with this establishment, and as all the shirts are cut 
on the premises, and made under Mr. Phillips' personal supervision, a perfect 
fit is with a greater certainty guaranteed. His great speciality is the white 
shirts at 3^. 6./. and 41. 61/, made to special order; they are made with 
three-fold Irish linen fronts, and fourfold cuffs ; but the customer, when 
ordering, can have any alteration made in the detail of style that m.ay be 
desired. The extra qualilies 5^. (id. aid 6r. 61/., m.ailc with the finest 1 nen, 
he specially recommends for evening wear. -V conifortalile fitting shirt is a 
desideratum which all men like to possess, and none will willingly go w ithoul, 
and Mr. Phillips, from the very commencement of his business in Grafton 
Street, laid hiniseU out to make comfortable fitting shirts for genllemtn 
his speciality. Me has succeedeii well, but only by the legitimate means of 
offering a thoroughly reliable shirt for lowest cash price. Mr. Phillips' 
shirts are essentially the Dublin shins, and also the excellent and well-made 
collars he turns out are largely worn. The eslablishmen' in ijueslion 
is one of the best known in Grafton Street, and there is no more popular 
tradesman in the " Bond Street of Dublin." 



9° 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Williams & Woods, Wholesale Manufacturing Confec- 
tioners, 204, 205 and 206, Great Britain Street. — However unfortunate 
may be the condition of Ireland, tliere are, however, some few manufactures 
of our people that are able to hold their own against all rivals, and amongst 
these is the manufacture of Confectionery and Sweets. 1 he leading firm iiv 
this branch of industry in our city is that of Messrs. Williams & Woods, 
whose reputation has spread over the Uniled Kingdom. This representative 
firm was originally established in Dame Street m 18^6. liut, in spite of 
frequent extensions it was necessary, to meet the demands of their growirg 
business to remove to 13, Fownes Street, in l84l. From this date to 1S75 
the career of the house was a slow but sure course of success, so that in the 
last-mentioned year, a second removal was found absolutely necessary, and 
the magnificent premises now occupied were .taken possession of The 
slatciv pile of buildings now held is but a monument to the enterprise and 
indcfatigal>le energy of the proprietary that overcame gig-antic competition 
from outside sources. The interior of this factory is suitably fi.\tured, antl 
the minufacturing departments are fitted with the newest and most approved 
machinery. In detailing some of the chief lines done by the house we must 
commence v>ith the oldest department, that of boiling and m-aking Sweet- 
meats. .Since the abolition of the duty on sugar the price of confectionery is 
i(sduced greatly, so that its consumption, in consequence, increased rapidly. 
And to-day the viricty and purity of the sweets manufactured here are not 
excelled anywhere. The'splenklid variety of Lozenges is divided into 
numerous sorts, and all are carefully prepared and highly recommendetl. The 
many descriptions of Comfits, Mixtures, Rocks, Candies, Drops, TofiVes, 
Liquorice, Gum and Gelatine goods, it would fill the entire work to give 
accurate details of; suffice to s,iy that each and all of them are of the most 
whoh;some and purest materials. A speciality of the firm is Butter Irish, 
which, from its popularity, bids fair to win the place in the public taste so 
long held by Butter Scotch. In addition to the articles noticed, the Prize 
halfpenny and penny Packages, as well as the numerous other sundries, have 
qn er.ormous sale throughout the country. The second branch of the busi- 
ness is the manufacture of Jams, and though this has been a late addition to 
the already large operations, it is a most pronounced success. Everywhere 
these splendid productions are taking the place of inferior articles imported, 
and to the credit of the house it must be said tliat they pro iucc the most 
superior Jams at the lowest price consistent with the good value given. The 
Jams manufactured are in such demand that their freshness may be always 
depended on. They consist of Raspberry, Strawberry, Black Currant, Red 
Currant, Gooseberry, Damson, Plum, and .Apricot. In this department the 
curing of Citron, Orange and Lemon Peel is also carried on. The numerous 
hands employed, numbering over 200, testify to the important position this 
house holds in our manufacturing industries and indirectly to the encourage- 
ment given to home growers of fruit in Ireland who have a convenient 
market, and for months in the fruit season numerous additional hands are 
employed in preparing the fruit for manuficture. The connection enjoyed 
includes every respectable grocer, provision merchant, and wholesale con- 
sumer in the country. On the death of Mr. Anlrew Strachan, proprietor 
of the Victoria Lead Works in Loflus Lane, in 1SS5, Messrs. \Villijms& 
Woods took over this old-established contern, and have successively carried 
on its operations since. They have continued here the manufacture of .Sheet 
Lead, \ artry and Lead Pipes, Compo, Waste Pipe, and plumber's and fine 
Solder. The connection enjoyed by this branch is very extensive and in- 
creasing. Messrs. Williams A: Woods personally superintend both establi>h- 
menls, and the prosperity that has attended their commercial transactions 
h.as been the just reward of honourable trade dealings allied to tliat enter- 
p.ising spirit which has won the highest reputation for two of our most 
respected citizens. 



J. Jameson & Sons, Watchmakers, Jewellers, and 
Silvcrsmitfas, S7, Grafton Street, .a dioroughiy representative house, in 
t le old and respectable tr.ade with which it has so long and so honourably 
been associated, is that of the well-known firm of John Jameson & Sons. 
iCsiablisheil in the year 1S40, this highly respectable house ha.s for nearly 
half a century been particularly ilisiinnuished by a large and daily increas- 
ing share of public patronage, and cm, at ihe present moment, boast of a 
busine^s connection which, l>oth in [K>int of numbers and in infUience, may 
compare with that (if any house in the kingdom. The firm occupy hand- 
some and commodious premises. Tnc in eiior fitting and decoration, etc., 
' ''•'':■■ establishment has been conceived with great taste, reflecting the 
t credit on the judgment of llic ilesigner, and admirably suited to 
i'.: ;-ally display the laige and valuable stock contained by this house. 
This slock, which is of a really comprehensive character, comprises all 
those articles of jewellery whi.h arc always to be procureil at any lirst-cl.iss 
watchmaker's and jeweller's esiabli.iliaieiit, as well as matiy articles of a 
propr elary and special character. The trade done by this house is very 
extensive, the name anrl reputation of the firm's watches having spread f.ir 
and near, and bringini^ them annuully a considerable increase ot cusioin. 
'Ihe OMineclion, it will thus Im; seen, is not confined to city or suburlian 
hniil-s but extends to all p.iris of ihe king lom, its ramilicatioi.s having 
pcnctiated to most distant parts o the country. The slock, generally 
speaking, includes watches and clucks, articles of modern jewellery, and 
an assuilment of pialcd goods. Tlie watchmaking iiraneh — uliicli, 01 
course, includes clocks and chronomrlers — is iiatur.dly the most extensive, 
and the firm holds a highly atiiactive supply which, for superiority of 
Workmanship and ino<lcmte price, can hardly Ik: equalicil by any house in 
the trade. A speciality with this establishment is the firm's "school- 



boy's watch," warranted for ten years, and made in strong silver cases, 
well finished, durable, and keyless, which may be purchased at prices 
rai ging from £2 to £^ lOr. This watch, which is an exceptional'y good 
timekeeper, and is of very admirable workmanship, is so strongly and 
powerfully put to;;ether, that it may be said it, as near as possible, defies 
the most persevering efforts of the most inquisitive representative of the 
^<-«Ki schooUioy in his well-intentioned search after knowledge to discover 
"what its inside is like." A more deserving person, in whose interest 
they have also produced a strong and durable article, is — the workman. 
The watch especially made for this description of wearer is a singularly 
useful article, and one which will bear a considerable amount of "rough 
usa^e " inseparable from the working-man's mode of life. There are in 
.stock a v.aluabie and h.ai-,dsome collection of ladies' and gentlemen's gold 
burning and other watches, which are both elegant in design and durable 
in their quality, and any of our readers in want of one of those articles so 
indispens.able in a gentleman's dress cannot do better than pay this well- 
known establishment of the firm a visit. There are also expensive clocks 
in bronze cases, also some exceedingly pretty ones in chinaware, etc 
The jewellery department, which is very extensive, includes a lot of silver 
ornaments at very moderate prices. The firm are very large buyers of old 
gold and silver, wliich they purchase for cash, giving the fullest value. 
There is no establishment in the trade in Dublin which is better managed, 
more patronised, or more generally popular with all classes of customers. 



A. G. Waller, Funeral Undertaker, Carriage and 

Furniture Van Proprietor, 4^^ 49. ^nd 50, I>cn ille Street, and 41 and 
42, Sanclwith .St. — It is a n.^tional characteristic of the Irish people that the 
highest respect should be shown to their dead, and as a resultant, poor as 
well as fich strive hard to have the funeral obsequies of their friends and 
relations carried out in as respectable a manner .as possible, to testify the 
respect in which they held the departed. The visitor to Dublin who may 
find his way to the public cemeteries will, in the well-appointed equipages 
thatarrive.it the gates of "God's acre," acknowledge the truth of this 
assertion. Probably there is no establishment in the United Kingdom that 
has been more prominently identified with the progress that has beei» 
made in funeral arrangements than the well-known concerns established 
close on a century, and conducted by Mr. Alfred G. Waller. This 
business has since its inauguration been conducted with such consistent 
energy and ability that it occupies at present the premier position in 
its particular line in the metropolis. The premises occupied cover a 
large area, and comprise large yards for keeping the numerous rolling 
stock and horses required for the transaction of the business. In fact the 
chief yard, which is entirely covered with galvanise 1 iron, is the largest 
covered carriage depot in Ireland. The funeral cars include some open 
vehicles, designs which were originally introduced to Dublin by this firm, 
as well as a great variety of the older closed patterns. To suit these the 
best horses are kept, and the staff of drivers and others who assist in the 
execution of funeral orders are most courteous and obliging. In another 
part of the premises we see a neat display of mourning carriages, as well 
as other carriages which are solely used for funeral purposes. The principal 
yard in Denzille Street contains many kinds of handsome broughams, open 
carriages, and landaus, all of which are of the most modern pattern, and are 
turned out equal to any private vehicle. In another dep:irtmeiit we see 
many leviathan v.ins for the removal of furniture to all paits, and here also 
we see most amp'c and well-secured warehouses for the storage of luriiiture. 
The stabling accommodation in both yards is simply perfect. In conneclioiv 
with the funeral undertaking is a vaat workshop in the Denzille Street 
premises, wherein a large and competent number of hands are in a state of 
continual activity at japanning, carriage trimming, electro-plating, bmss 
furnishing, colfin making, and shroud and pall making, and many other 
operations in connection with this business. In its entirety the establish- 
ment is complete in every particular, as it not only builds but repairs, paints, 
etc., all its own vehicles, as well as executes every kind of farrier's work in. 
connection with its stabling. The patronage of the highest circles not 
only in the city but throughout the country is accorded to the house, 
though at the same lime the reasonable terms given to the poorer classes 
have conduced to eslablisli a creditable ami most honourable reputation 
for this old-established concern. Mr. Alfred G. W.aller has been un- 
remitting in his endeavours to please one and all, and to ever show a 
practical sympathy in the most careful attention to the wishes of all who 
are so well advised as to favour his establishment. 



H. Hughes, Saddler and Harness Maketr, 2S, Great Frltairi' 

.Street. —Saildlery and li.iriuss making is .in enterprising branch of trade 
in this po]iulous city. A leading house in this connection, and one 
deserving ol notice, is that of H. Hughes. The premises .are well fitted, 
and are furnishe 1 with a large and varied stock. Estahlishcd sixty years 
ago, by a .Mr. Martin who sul)-equently died, the business then falling into 
the present propiielor's hinds, the linn has enjoyed from the commencement 
a pitron.ige ol an extensive and prosperous nature. The manufactures are 
of excellent quality ; the strength aid durability of the harness made by this 
reliable house is well known. The gentry of the district p.atronise this 
establishment, .as ihey find ihe products of that high class and well-made 
character so in lispeii able to the magnificent equi|).nges which are to be 
seen in ihe drives and streets of Dublin. In order to ensure the m >st com- 
plete satisf.action, the proprietor or one of his assisti'nts will att'.nd to takCL 
meosurcmunls of horses lor which harness may be required. 



INDUSTRIES OK DUBLIN. 



91 



John Sheridan, Wholesale Cap IkTannfactarer, S, 

Usher's (juay. — To tlic spirited eiKerpiisc of tliis );cnlU'man is entirely 
due what prontisc^ to be nii iinpoit^int revival of a itnce flourishing trailc 
anil source of commercial wealth to fljc city of DuMin, At one tune the 
manufacture of caps wa-i a iJutilin mdustry that j^ave einpU)yn»eiU to 
hundreds of haniU, principally in th.eir own homes ; hut owin;; t<» tlic 
foreign competition ol wealthy capitalists it had gradually decreased, and 
ultimately became entirely extinct. The younger workers at the tr.ade had 
long since emigrated to .Manchester and other impiriant manufacturini; 
towns in Kngland, where w.ages were good and work constant ; and the 
Dublin trade, thus deprived of its natural support, may be said to have 
died of depletion. Mr. Shcrid.in when first establishing his business, now 
little more than a year .ago, hid great difl'iculty in procuring trained hands; 
but with a plucky determination to |>atriotic.ally succeed in restoring to 
Dublin one of her " lost tr.ades," he spared neither time, trouble, nor 
expense. Mr. Sherid.an having a sound i>ractical knowledge of the best 
markets where his materials can be procured, is quite sanguine as to the 
ultimate success of his s))irite<l venture. We are glad to learn that Mr. 
Sheridan has received from the wholesale houses through their buyeis every 
encoiir.agcment, and hopes, not unreasonably, through them to be enabled 
to phice his goods in the best and most advant-agcous markets. Although 
this industry has been only established about a year, it already affords em- 
ployment to over thirty hands, and we have every reason to believe that 
before another year this number will be very considerably increased. 



John Fannin, Blarchant Tailor and Outfitter, 26, Capel 

Street. — .\lr. Jolin Kaiiniii, merch.mt tailor, clothier, and cclebra'cd 
trousers maker, 26, Cajel Street, Dublin, has for a number of years held 
a conspicuous and commanding position in the above trade, and liis ability 
as a cutter and fitter, .and his geiier.al politeness and urbanity to the public, 
have earned for him personally the respect of a wide circle of friends, and 
fur his establishment the valued esteem of an admiiing and discriminating 
iniblic. We must not omit to note that a very large ' riportion of the 
goods sjld by Mr. Fannin are of Irish m.anuf;icture. W c have elsewhere 
expressed our deep satisfaction that Irish shopkeepers are beginning to 
buy their material from Irish manufacturers, and have of late shown them- 
selves proudly independent of the English market, relying solely on the 
resources of their own. Mr. Fannin, as another of these patriotic tiadcs- 
men, richly deserves our meed of praise which \vc most willingly tender 
him. Mr. Fannin h.TS two specialities, one is the virtue of punctuality, 
\ipon which, from his past rcgidar and prompt dealings with his customers 
he has justly come to pride him^elf; and the other is his widely known 
Yankee trousers. The merit of these trousers is that by wearing them you 
are enabled to dispense with both braces and belt. Mr. Fannin, by a 
cunning arrangement of tapes and elastics, enables the trousers to fit com- 
fortably to the figure and accommodate themselves to all the diversified 
movements of the body. Mr. Fannin's suits are also held in high favour 
by the youth of Dublin, as are also his covert coats, which are a very 
excellent article at a very low pi ice. Mr. Fannin's trade is a very 
vigorous, active, and widespread one. 



Miss Hughes, Court Dress, Millinery, and Mantle 

Maker, 30, Nassau Street. — One of the most imjiortant and thriving 
industries of the present day, for the occupation of the feminine portion of 
the community, is that of drcss-mnking and millinery, being as it is, not 
only remunerative, but genteel and interesting to the operatives, especially 
in an establishment that has a good and fa^llionable connection. In no 
house is this more thoroughly exemplified than in the business so ably 
presided over by Miss Hughes. 1 his lady has had a wide and practical 
cxjieriencc, gained by having served as forewoman to Mrs. Matthews of 
49, Upper Sackville .Street. Her warerooms, which are large and cora- 
moUious, and fitted with every facility for the prosecution of the business, 
are well situated, being so central and convenient for her numerous 
patrons. They are within four doors of Grafton Street, and arc known as 
30, Nassau Street. This street has become very fa-hionablc, and much 
frequented, and can boxst of a regular succession of tram cars, which pass 
each way to and from all the principal suburbs. Miss Hughes keeps a 
good stock of materials from which customers can make their selections, 
though ladies can have their own made up should they prefer it. The 
court and other dresses produced at this firm are marvels of fashion, 
elegance, and style. All the I'aris modes are to be seen of dresses, 
bonnets, hats, and mantles, the di-play of goods being attractive .and 
tasteful to a degree. An efficient stall of a-sislants is employed, affording 
prompt and competent attention to the production of all the latest conceits 
in fashionable shape, size, and mateiial. A chief specialty of this firm is 
the great attention paid to the fit of dresses ; this can scarcely be over- 
estimated in connection with this industry, the very finest material being 
often siioilt, through a disregard of this first principle of successful dress- 
making. The proprietress of this now well-known establishment has the 
entire personal supervision of each department of the business, and most 
-Strictly enforces excellence of work, as well as elegance and finish. In 
fact, it is no exaggeration to say that the work is executed in tlie most 
competent and systematic manner. Miss Hughes has a large and wide- 
spread connection among the nobility and gentry, not only in the sur- 
rounding locality, but receives orders Irom th; country, which rcceiie her 
pr impt and immediate attention. There isevcrj- evidence of the enterprise 
and energy dis;)laycd by th'S lady resulting in a further access to her well- 
leserved prosj>erily. 



Christopher Grimes, Victnaller and Contractor, 55, Crrat 

rtritain .Street. — Among the 1 irgc number of butchers' establishments to l>e 
found in that busy ami im)>iirtant thoro'Ji;hfrrc of (Jreat tlritain .Strrvt, there 
is probably no f>ther hr>use with so large a claim to respect as the \\ 
highly respectable, and old-established li'--u^cof .NIr. C. (Irimes. t 

over one hundred years ago, the business has remained in the : j 

ever since, and each successive proprietor has striven with creditable icai to 
maintain the cluracter of the establishment as a first-class house, as it was 
handed down to him by his pre.leccssor. The house kept by Mr. Grimcii 
occupies a comman'^ing situation at No. 5S, Great Itiitain Street, and b 
admirably fitted up in a manner scalable toih-; butcher's calling. The show 
of meat at this establishment is altogether admirable, the q.:ality of the beef 
and mutton being of the finest description, anil fit to compare with any 
similar display at any house in Dublin. Mr. Giimcs docs a large and wide- 
spread trade, not merely among the lr.Tles|H-ople in his vicinity, but al-so 
among the gentry living in the north side of town, and among the inhabitants 
of Rutland and Nf cunt joy .Squares, and other fashionable and professional 
quarters. An idea of the extent of this enormous trade may be guessed at 
when we learn th.at Mr. Grimes, besides his own services, has to employ 
about or over twelve hands in the conduct of his business. He has 
long catered for the Dublin public, and if pioof were wanted of the excel- 
lence of the goods he sells, it would be found in th'^ large and increasing 
connection which |iatronises his establishment. Mr. Grimes has adopted the 
good plan of buying his meat only in the best market, and thereby is able to 
guarantee to his customers the excellence and quality of every pound of meat 
he sells. His unfailing goad humour, civility, and willingness to oblige 
has won him hosts of supporters. 

Joseph A. Clarke, Millinery, Mantle, Costume, Hat, 
and Bonnet-Box Manufacturer, II and 12, Kyt'ers Row. With the 

m,inulacliire of millinery, innntle, costume, hat, and bonnet-txixes, the 
na:ne of Mr. Joseph Clarke is well and honouiably associated. The business 
dates its origin so far back as 1S37, so that it may well celebrate a Jubilee 
in the commercial operations of the Irish metropolis. Some of the most 
eminent houses in Dublin and other large towns in Ireland entrust the 
execution of their orders to this concern. For soundness in construction, 
neatness, and taste displayed in execution and general elatmration in de^ign, 
the boxes of this house stand unsurpassed. Everything that long experience, 
careful workmanship, and the most approved machinery and appliances can 
accomplish is brought into action in the operations of Mr. Clarke, to pro- 
mote the best interests of his business and give the highest satisfaction to a 
valuable and longstanding dienliU. The premises occupying Nos. II 
and 12, Ryders Row, are most eligibly located, and the bustle of business 
within, combined with the continual working of machinery, is sufhcient 
indication of the magnitude of the business transacted. Kmployment is 
permanently provided to about twenty hands, principally women and girls. 
Mr. Clarke watches over the progress of his business with a calm and per- 
ceiving eye, directing every detail and promoting every item that has for 
its object the success and development of his business. 



Mrs. S. Valentine claims for her house, 163, Great Bninswick 
Street, the coveted distinction of being the first purveyirg establishment 
opened in the city. Since the day its doors were thrown wide to the public, 
almost three-quarters of a century have p.assed. This lady only took up the 
management of the concern a(;er the death of her husband. The house is 
of great extent, and the stock is ample enough to give even the capacious 
shop and show-rooms a rather overcrowded though not altogether unattrac- 
tive appearance. The business of the several departments is chiefly done 
with the aristocracy and the upper classes of the citizens, and Mrs. Valentine 
has been honoured by being specially appointeil purveyor to His Excellency 
the Lord Lieutenant. The provisions, such as bacon, poik, sausages, and 
butter, found on these premises are all of the highest quality. The neatness 
and cleanliness of the shop is indeed remarkable, and every means .are 
availed of to keep the perisliable goods in slock as fresh as possible. The 
business is under the control of an eneigetic and capable manager- But 
this does not deprive Mrs. Valentine of ample opportunities for the display 
of those abiUties— business and soc al -which have enabled her to place hex 
flourishing establishment in the vanguard of similar houses in Dablio. 



John McNeill, Musical Instrument Maker, 140, Capel 

Street. — Musical instrument manuf.icture has achieved a position of great 
prominence and noioiiety among Hriti-h industries. In this connection a 
leading house, trading under the .style of John McNeill, is deserving of 
special mention. Establishing liis business, fifty years ago, at 140, Capel 
Street, Mr. -McNeill at once began to lay the foundation of an enterprising 
commercial career. The manulactures of this leading house are famous for 
the full and natural tone which they po-sess, and for the excellent work- 
manship and superior finish displayed in their execution. The high-class 
character of Mr. .McNeill's instruments is well known, and consequently the 
firm enjoys a prosperity accruing from an extensive -and valuable connection. 
Tliis establishment is extensively patronised by the resident nobility and 
gentry. Mr. McNeill gives the utmost attention to .ill repairs entrusted to 
him, as well as to the superintendence of his ever increasing business, and ^ 
by his untiring activity has formed for his establishment a connection of 
wide extent and value. 



C 3 



92 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Fliilip Iiittle, Grocer, and Wine and Sp'rit Merchant, 

Io6, Stephen's Green, \V. — If there is one hoii^^c more celebrated than 
another in the wine and spirit trade of DuMin, that house is undoubtedly 
Mr. Phihp Little's. The origin of this business dates back over thirty 
years, and it stands to-day an evidence of what steady industry linked with 
ability can do. The premises constitute an architectural structure which is 
an ornament to the locality. Entering the establishment one is struck with 
the splendour of its equipments, and the large body of customers with whom 
it is usually crowded. At the rear is located the wholesale department with 
an entrance in CufTe Street, and attended to by many assistants and packers 
who are busy executin;; the several orders received from a widespread con- 
nection of traders. The wide range of commodities displayed comprises 
teas torn the best growe.'S in India and China, and whiskies. Mr. Little, 




being a large b-nder of the best make of Dublin whi*kie=, is in a position 
to give the public a genuine article at a reasonable price. His wines are 
carefully selectel and well known for age, purity, and mellowness. The 
proprietor has also given much attention lo the choicest lines of brandies 
procured from the chief French and foreign exporters, and the quality of 
Guinness's porters and stouts is too well known to need any praise. In 
like manner are those who do not care for stimulants catered for in the first- 
class effervescing and mineral wateis kept. The business arrangements are 
carried on regularly and systematically, so that the customers in the retail, 
or the orders in the wholesale, receive prompt and punctual attendance. 
The proprietor, who holds a seat in the City Council, attends personally to 
the business, and giv-s the benefit of a long experience to a house that has 
under his management been always ably and energetically controlled. 



■W. C. Joseph, M.B.C.V.S., Veterinary Snrgeon, 25, 

King's Inn Street. — I'romincnt among the large and representative body of 
veterinary surgeons in Dublin stands the name of Mr. W. C. Joseph, 
M.K.C. V.S., whose stables, yard, infirmary, and forge, are eligibly 
situated at 25, King's Inn Street, a neighborhood intimately associated 
with many stirring and inreresting events in the historic annals of Dub'in. 
For a peiiol extending over five years the business now controlled by this 
gentleman has played an active part in the veterinary operations of the 
metropolis, and in connection with the Dublin cattle market for a period of 
seventeen years as Veterinary Inspector, and contributed materially to the 
success and development of this popular and scientific profession. Com- 
mercial depression is one of those agencies that influence the progress of any 
undertaking whether in science or art, and it cannot be wondered that the 
operations of Mr. Joseph, like those of any other man, have sufifered more 
or less from the exigencies of unfavouralile circumstances. However this 
may be, it is a matter of congratulation to see that this establshment has 
maintained a reputation for reliability in the critical dep.artment in which 
it is engaged. Every detail in the operations of the concern is under the 
personal care of Mr. Joseph, and nothing escapes his notice that is calcu- 
lated to injure his reputation or endanger the confidence he has long estab- 
lished. He is allowed to be one of the most practical surgeons in the 
country. Tradesmen of long standing, and professional men whose veracity 
is unquestionable, have long since testified to the ability and judgment of 
this gentleman, and voluminous testimonials may be insjiecled in his offices. 
The premi cs are suitable to the requiremcnis of the profession. Any 
animals entrusted to ihe care of .Mr. Jus.ph will receive unqualified atten- 
tion and all that indisputable professional skill can administer; and no 
one could exert himself more in the interest of every jjatron than this 
worthy proprietor. Everylh ng that fiistclass tradesmen can do or execute, 
anil all thai professi.inal and scientific skill can command, are liberally 
extended 10 every animal that has the fortune lo be entrusted lo the care of 
Mr. \V. C. Joseph. 

William Lucas, Forage Stores, 32, Great Britain Street 

— A lindi- of vciy large diinensiuiis and cunsidcrab'e importance is the 
forage of a large city ; the demand for this cla's of goods is enormoubly 
great among the merchants, owners of livery establishments, bakery and 
milling firms, carriers, cab and car owner-, and many sections rc(iuiring 
such supplies. One of the finest estalilishnients engaged in this line is the 
celebrated one at 32, CIreat Britain Street, owned by Mr. William Lucas. 
It is truly a rising and most impiriant concern amongst its class in the city, 
where it bears ihc hghest reputation. It is as regards position splendidly 
kiluatcd for the trade. It is in the centre of Cireat lirilain Street and the 
corner house of Denmark Street, tritain Sticcl being considered one of 



the best business streets in Dublin, a principal business thoroughfare of the 
first importance. The premises are most extensive, atVoiding ample 
storage required for this class of trade. An unusually large stock is stored 
in this splendid establishment, comprising the various productions required 
in the business, such as hay, oats, and all descriptions of horse-feeding 
ma'erial. All productions are procured on most advantageous terms direct 
from large growers. Mr. Lucas possesses great and singular facilities for 
cairying out his extensive enlerprise. He embarked in business in the 
above concern about five years ago, and has been eminently successful in 
the undertaking ; being thoroughly qualified in his line of business, brought 
up to the trade and possessing good capial, he is always in a position to 
pl.ace his numerous patrons on the best terms possible in the trade. The 
business is in a fine flourishing comiition. Mr. Lucas has been most 
successful, and is deservedly popular and highly esteemed by all those his 
business operations bring him in contact with, and occupies a veiy Iccal 
position. This firm enjoys a widespread icputation. 



James Hopldns, Boot UEaVer, log, Lower Dorset Street.— In 
the comparatively short period of ten years, and in the face of keen 
competition, Mr. Hopkins has managed to form a connection for himself in 
his particular trade, that few houses of a like standing can boas'. The 
premises are small, but commodious and admirably fitted. The stock 
consists of a very complete assortment of gentlemen's boots and shoes, all 
of which have been made on Mr. Hopkins' premises, and under his 
personal supervision. Mr. Hopkins also executes on the premises all sorts of 
repairs, promptly, and at moderate rates. All his leather is procured from 
Messrs. Hays Bros., of New Row, Dublin. It will be seen from the 
foregoing, that the public purchasing boots or shoes at Mr. Hopkins' 
establishment, besides securing a really genuine article of use, are directly 
supporting two branches of native industry, namely, the boot-making trade 
and the leather-dressing industry, to the exclusion of spurious articles manu- 
factured from brown paper and sheepskin, from the sweating shops in 
London or Manchester. As a proof of the moderate rate at which a 
genuine home-manufactured article can be produced, we would call attention 
to Mr. Hopkins' eighteen-shilling gentleman's hand-sewn boot, than which 
a more stylish or more serviceable boot can nowhere be produced. Mr. 
Hopkins considers that the Dublin public are unfairly tieated by many of his 
fellow tradesmen in the same business ; there b;ing, as he alleges, -a widely 
prevailing custom in the trade to sell foreign manufactureil and machine- 
made boots, as hand-sewn boots of Irish make. Whether this is so or 
not we will not pretend to judge ; only remarking that in the end thorough 
work always tells, and that the tradesm^in who relies on any other support 
than this, occupies a risky position. Isji. Hopkins deserves support on 
account of his patriotic attitude and straightforward principles. 



Patrick O'Reilly, General Provision Merchant, 121, 

North King Street. — Tlie general p;■ovi^ion business forms a branch of 
great importance in the commerce of Dublin. The firm, many years 
established at 121, North King Street, is a prominent establishment of iis 
class, bearing a high reputation both for the extent of its business operaiions 
and the manner in which these are conducted. The premises are large and 
fitted with all modern appointmenis. The stock is well selec ed, ant com- 
prises an assortment of 1 imerick bacon, hams, butler in firkin and 
roll direct from country produc ng distr els, meal, flour, and eggs, soaps, 
candles, etc. The position is well adapted for the trade, ^orth K ng 
Street being a most important business thoroughfare. Duiing its lengthened 
existence this concern has made rapid progress, the business at the present 
time being in a most prosperous c ndition and rapidly increasing. Thoiough 
commercial ability, developed by long training in the fore i ost houses of 
the trade, has, on Ihe part of tlie worlny proprietor, secured for the firm 
well-.ieserved success, 

E. J. Maher, Wholesale and Retail Ready-made 

Clothier, 64, Dame Street. — .\ pioniiiient establishment in I )ulilin is the 
well-known emporium of Mr. E. J. Malier, wholesale and retail ready-made 
clothier. This house was founded fifte;n years ago, and w.as formerly in the 
proprietorship of Mr. D. Vaughan. The premises have a sngularly advan- 
tageous and imjiosing situation with a fionlage of twenty-four feet, .and a 
depth of sixty feet, and herein are conducted the alTairs of one of the largest 
re.idy-made clothiers in Dublin. There are laige slocks of men's clothing 
of every description, and Mr. Maher possesses such facilities in this line aj 
enable him perfectly lo clothe in the most satisfactory manner the peasant or 
the prince. The goods are made from the best fabricsinall varietiesof patterns. 
Owing 10 the locality, the film's trade to a great extent lies among the 
middle classes. Hut the scope offered for enterprise is practically unlimited, 
and has been fully recognised by Mr. .Maher, who, on account of his laigc 
resources, is in a position to supply firstra c clothing for artisans anil working 
men at prices which, all points of quality in material and workmanship duly 
consiilered, arc little less than marvellous to one unversed in the resources of 
such a house. The business is thoroughly well conducted, and be.irs 
eviilencc of sound and methodical oig.anisation. The Hade is widespre.id, 
both wholesale and retail, and is steadily increasing. The projirietor of this 
firm has won the esteem and ct-niidencc of his valuable connection solely 
iqion the merits of fair dealing and hoi our. able commercial mcthoils, and 
the entire business has at all times been woiked upon principles which have 
brought about a well-mcriicd mercantile success. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



93 



la. Kelly, Merchant Tailor, 42, Midillc Ablwy Street.— In 

review iiit; the iuiimtlaiu liii^ini'ss houses of Mi>Mle Al)l)ey Street, the 
estalilisliineiU nf Mr. I. Kelly calls liir special remark. Alllioui;li only 
estaMishcJ for something like ei|;lit years, lliis house li:is in so womlei fully 
short a jieriod built it-clf a name and reputation anions the justly famous 
tailoiinj; houss of Uulilin, that is nothiiij; less than surpri.inj;. Founded 
in 18S0 by its present respected proprietor, the house soon beyan to receive 
a widespread recognition of the admirable (piality of the work it w.is 
turning out, and from that periiKl downwards lo the present moment, be- 
came largely popular not only with gL-ntlemen residing in Dublin, or its 
suburbs, but in other parts o( the country as well. Mr. Kelly brought to 
the management of his business great experience and skill at his trade, and 
by purchasing nothing but first-class slocks was able from the hist to 
guarantee Iwth the lit and <|ualily of the garments leaving his house. The 
establishment occupies handsome and commodious premises at No. 42, 
Middle Abbey Street, the fittini;s and arrangements of which are in every 
way perfect. The appointments are exceeilingly tasteful, and are calculated, 
with a nice juilgment, to show olTto the very best .advantage the large and 
important slock of tailoring materials ahv.ays kept on h.and. The assort- 
ment of cloths and tweeds, comprising Mr. Kelly's exhaustive stock, is very 
complete, embracing as it does all the newest designs and patterns in those 
fashionable mater ali, and of a (juality that will bear comparison with any 
similir stock in the lr.idc. Mr. Kelly's connection is au)ong the better 
classes of Dublin and country genllemen, amung whom he bears a high 
chaiacterfor the "build" and material of the clothes supplieil. In carrying 
on the work among his extensive circle of customers, Mr. Kelly (inds it 
necessary to employ the large number of sixteen hands, all of whom he has 
himself carefully selected, h.wing thorougldy satisfied his mind as to their 
fitness and experience in the various departments of the tailoring trade for 
which he intended them. He has naturally been most particular in 
securing tlie service of a good fitter and cuter, knowing as he does how 
largely the reput.it ion of a house is made or marred in this most esseniial 
department. Much of the <lecidcdly great success attending Mr. Kelly's 
enterprise is due to the admirable manner of th.-it gentleman with his 
custumeis, all of whom receive at his hands the most uniform courtesy and 
attentiua. 



John E. Ledbetter, Practical 'Watchmaker and 

JewoUer, 21, Essex Quay. — 1 11c establishment of Mr. Ledbetter, situated 
on Kssc.x Quay, is an old and most respectable house of business devotc\l 
to the jewellery trade, and is conducted by a thoroughly pr.actical gentle- 
man who understands the trade in every particular, and mostly alt the 
watches offered for s.alc are examined on the premises, and under his 
immediate superintendence. The establishment occupies a most central 
position in the city on Essex Quay, adjoining some of the principal streets, 
such .is Parliament, Dame, and (japital Streets, and is highly suited for 
the watchmaking and jenellery business. It has been long established, 
being now about fifty years since first started in the line of trade now 
loUowed, and during that period has done an extensive business, and is 
well known for the superior quality of its goods. In the watchmaking 
■department a most select and elegant stock is always on exhibition, com- 
prising " own make " in variety, and of the choicest description, celebrated 
for accuracy and moderate cost, besides several choice selections, the jiro- 
iduction of the best English and continental, as well as American manu- 
factures, all of which have been purclias-d on most ailvantatjeous terms 
to suit a competitive trade, and are here offeied to the public at lowest 
possible profits. In other articles of jewellery, rings, brooches, pins, 
necklets, etc., an endless variety in designs and prices is here to be seen 
.and certain to command a ready sale to those likely to invest in such 
materials. An extensive and long-established trade is attached to the 
firm, which is observably and agreeably on the increase, and the worthy 
jtnd artistic proprietor spares no pains to serve his many customers of 
.avery class. 



S. T. Femherton, Military Boot 8c Shoe Mannfactnrer. 

3, Capcl Street. — One of tlie oldest established houses 111 the h lot and 
shoe manufacture is that of S. T. I'emberion. This representative 
concern was fiunded upwards of forty-five years ago, under the present 
proprietar)'. The premises occupied are of very extensive dimensions, 
measuring from the Iront to the rear some eighty-seven feel. They are 
well appointed, and filled with every convenience and all the modern 
machinery used in this enterprising branch of the trade. They h.ave an 
advantageous position, being sitiiateil near the (Iratl.in Hrldge. The firm 
manufacture a complete assortment of lidies', gent's, and children's boots and 
shoes, which are in every respect notable for the excellence of the materials 
and for the superiority of workmanship. Special attention is paid to 
boys' and girls' wear, a great variety in all colours being kepi in stock. 
'The public have long ago recognised this fact, that they can rely upon 
the products of this eminent concern. Only goods of first-ckass character 
are held in the firm's large ami valuable stock, thus ensuring against 
supplying an inferior article. The " l)Cspoke " department receives due 
consideration, prompt attention being paid to the fulfilling of all orders. 
The hands cmiiloyed are noted for their experience and high-cla-s work- 
manship. The goods of this well-known establishment are of the finest 
<)uality, and arc sold at prices which compare favourably with otlier higli- 
dass houses. 



T. Carroll, Mattress and Falliass Mannfactnrer, 
Brata and Iroo BoilstoiMl Warohonae, <; 'V 10, Uppei inky .siieet. 
— This f.ictory is one of the foremo,t and most extensive of its kind in 
Dublin. It was opened in this line about the year 1 856, by the late 
I'. Kelly, who earned on therein an extensive trade for a period of about 
twenty years. Under the control of the present proprietor, who succecdcti 
to the business ab jut twelve years back, the premises hive liccn considerably 
enl.irged to meet a rapiilly-increasing trade. The factory, where a very 
brge staff of workmen are employed in the manufacture ol iron bedilcads, 
maitre-ses, palliasses, and several other articles of the tt.vle, is situated in 
I'roby'i Lane, and comprises three extensive buildings. There is an 
immense slock of goods shown of the most varietl and choice kinds, an 
enormous quantity to choose from, and ranging in quality an<l price to suit 
every clas, of customer. Moderation in price is made a particular feature 
of this esLablishmcnt. In his own manufacture Mr. Carroll has secured a 
wiilesprcid palron.age for his most superior gfHMls. He does a splentlid 
local and country business at his extensive warehouse in every description 
of brass and iron bedst-ads, suitable for use in mansion or cottage. lit 
has had long and intimrte experifnce of the business, buys in the best 
market, and is a large maker himself. Ilis customers can secure, in drawing 
their sup[)lies from his celebrated house, singular advantages. 



Stephen Pay, General Tnmer, 59. Jervi< Street.— In the im- 
mediate vicinity of jervis .Street Hospital stands a concern that has long 
been mjted for the beauty in design, and the artistic finish of its procluclions. 
Twenty-two years ago, Mr. Stephen Eay, general turner and carver, com- 
menced his operations, ,ind, in the intervening years, he has kept pace with 
the growing demamls and competitive tastes of a critical public. It ii 
needless to point out that of late years inventive genius has so largely 
developed, and machinery has attained such a degree of perfection in the 
execution of its work, that man's labour has been purchased at a very large 
discount. Under the.e circumstances, it is highly congratulatory lo .Mr. 
Stephen Fay to be able to maintain a reputation that he established Iwfore 
the introcUiciion of those potent agencies in the interests of trade and com- 
merce, lie is entrusted with some of the best work and extensive orders in 
the city, and everything that passes his hands is a model of neatness, accuracy, 
and taste. Punctuality in the execution of his work, and a well-known 
appreciation of the requirements of his patrons, have always licen Irading 
features in his operations. Not only is he constantly employed himself, but 
he is enabled to call to his assistance from two to three men at regular periods 
of he year. Mr. Fay uses the best material, so that with careful manipula- 
tion afterw.irtls, his patrons cannot fail lo obtain at his establishments 
the best possible value that Dublin can supply. 



Mr. Mc'N'amara, Confectioner and Sugar Boiler, 31, 

Parliament Street. -A prominent establishment in its line is the old- 
established confectionery business conilucted by .Mr. .VcXamara, which was 
founded in 1770. The premises are styled "'i'he Old Parliament House." 
This distinctive name was given owing to the house being the favourite 
resort of the members of the Irish House of Parliament. It is also 
interesting to note that the city gate was opposite this establishment. 1 he 
premises now comprise a capacious shop with imposing street frontage, and 
a well-appointed stores in the rear. The entire place is fitted with .ill the 
latest improvements in appliances for the various processes of the manufac- 
ture of all kinds of confectionery. The stock is extensive. Wedding and 
christening cakes being a speciality, the variety of designs in this branch is 
truly marvellous, the beauty ol some of the wedding cakes being p.-ist com- 
parison. Mr. McNamara being the artist, he spares neither skill nor labour 
in the manufacture of these choice articles ; and a novelty in this branch is 
the presentation of a phot^^graph thereof w ith every £2 cake, which makes 
a truly handsome jiictuie. Ladies intending to be married could not put 
that part of the matter in more efficient hands. Sweets of the best quality are 
also made. .\ full staff of operatives and assistants .are permanently employed, 
and the business is thoroughly well organised. Mr. McNamara is remark- 
able for his personal energy and enterprise, directing all his operations with 
zeal and vigour, while his ineihoils and business principles have made him 
deservedly popular among all commercial circles. The success of the house 
has certainly been .ittribuUible to the character of the proprietor, who^ 
capacity and untiring energy have made the business what ii is. 

Joseph Courtney, Boarding Bsta>>lishnien^, "i, Matl- 

borou'di .Stieet. — This respectable li.iaiding and lodging establishment is 
one of the most successful in the city. .Situated as alwve, ii occupies ai» 
advantageous and central position. The premises are lilted up in excellent 
style, and although it is true they lack the palatial character and sumptuous 
.adornment of the modern hotel, thty are scrupul lusly clean and well 
managed, which all modern hotels are not. The present proprietor is but 
the inheritor of a piedecessoi's fame. This institution— for, without 
exaggeration, it may t e called one of the institutions of Dublin, so well 
known is it — was founded many years ago, and has passed through a long 
course of vicissitudes. This boarding and Imlging-house is or.e of the most 
respectable in the whole city of Dublin, a fact that is eloquently lestilicd to 
by the patronage .accorded to it. It dors a very fair business also in 
supplying breaklasts. dinners, soups, tea, and coffee, etc. The house has 
a thoroughly good name, and, indeed, stands fully as high as some Dublin 
hotels that we could mention, and not a few provincial onc-s. The sleeping 
accommodation is beyond reproach, and the charges are agte.ably moderate. 



94 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Mr. Warren, Hatter, i, Talbot Street. — Mr. Warren, who 
is known in Dublin for his poetic gi Us and his neat trick of Versifying 
the hatting trade, stimulates the public interest at once in the ropy of ver-es 
which he appends to his business card. The effusion, which is doub;le:S 
original, runs as follows : 

" Virtue may flourish in an Old Cravat, 
Bu: maa and Nature scam a Shabby Hat.* 




The exquisite idea of Nature in the act of fcornine the shabby hat of her 
young and impecunious days, is one of those lightning conceptions in which 
the true poet stands revealed. Mr. Warren's hats, however, have never had 
cause to wince under .the angry frown of ^ ature, or endure the lash of her 
cutting scorn. 1 hey are well known throughout t)ublin, and the people 
of Dublin agree with Nature in deeming Warren's hats to be of the very 
best and most cmlujiiig description. Mr. Warren's speciality is in the 
high, or as it is co:ileniptuously called, the chimney-pot hat, and it must 
be said that if it be possible to diminish the natural ugliness of the chimney- 
pot hat, and conciliate the legitimate dislike of mankind, Mr. W.irrcn 
might be relied on to effect this. Of the many varieties of hats to be found 
in .Mr. Warren's establishment we need hardly speak. Suffice it to say 
that every known genus and species of head-covering is to be found within 
the walls of Mr. Warren's handsome and extensive establishment. We 
had occasion to note the extreme attention which Mr. Warren devotes to 
fitting his customers with a hat which shall not in any way press unduly 
upon the head, or be in the slightest degree uncomfortable. This is a 
great point in Mr. Warren's favour, and yet another is the singular light- 
ness in weight of the hals he sells. .\11 men know the bitterness of wear- 
ing a heavy hat, and physicians assure us that it were lietter to go abro.id 
altogether uncovereil, rather than we.ir a cumbrous and heavy load upon 
the brows and temples. In (he important matter of fashion, Mr. Warren 
is scrupuliiity itself. Wc observed all the latest shapes in his establish- 
ment, and were not surprised to find that .Mr. W.arreir had himself placed 
more than one new and attractive shape upon the market. Mr. Warren is 
obliging to his customers and sells a giod article, anl knows what he is 
jelling, being a practical hatter of forty years' standing. 



"W. O'Connell, Draper and Outfitter, 7S and 79, Great Uritain 

Street. -This is a hi;;hly resprctable house in the general dr.ipery line, 
and one m reovcr that has received a 1 irge share of public sujjporl since 
it first was started. The house was established twenty-one years ago, and 
by suppiyi g a want then felt in the neighbourhood for the supply of cheap 
clothing gencrjjly, soon obtained a hoM on public favour by the excellence 
of the goods it was able to put into the market at a reasonable jiricc that 
brought them within the roach of all. The est;djlishment of Mr. O Connell 
is situated admirab'y for his line of biisiiics.s, at 79, (jreat Biilain .Street, and 
is nicely fitted up with a view to utility and effect. The slock, which is 
valuable by reason of its gre.at extent, comprises nearly every article of 
drapery, and general outfitting, suitable for persons in the humbler .stations 
of life, and to be obtained at prices so morlcsl and reasonable, as to m.ake 
but the slightist impression on their pockets. It is not to be wondered at 
that an eslaMi:.hment of this descripliim should soon have become poi^ular 
in the district in »hich it is placed, or that having done to there should not 



be in later years any falling away in the hold it has on the pub'ic. The 
stock, which comes under the c'ass termed outfitting, includes an admirable 
supply of ready-made clothing, hats, boots, shoes, etc., and all at prices that 
are simply wonderful. We select a few of the charges for our readers' 
instruction, such as men's boots from 4s. 6rf. and ladies' boots from 2s. to 
10.f. 6J. ; gents' tweed suits from ly. 61/. to 40/., trousers from zr. ^a. ; 
and could give an extended list of such prices did space permit. Enough, 
however, has been stated to show how invaluable to the working man on 
short wages and wiih a long fjniily, such an establishment as Mr. U'Connell's 
must be. Mr O'Connell does also a large trade in national and ecclesiastical 
banners ; a splendid specimen of his work is to be seen at the Pro-Cathedral, 
Marlborough Street ; for such work he holds testimonials from every part of 
the world. He also supplies band uniforms, Irish poplin sashes and regalia 
for all societies, Irish National Foresters, Gae'ic and other Athletic associa- 
tions. Mr. O'Connell himself is so invai iably painstaking in trying to give 
every satisfaction to his customers that the success of the house must in a 
large manner be attributed to his efforts. 



M. Harris, Dealer in Antique and Modern Plate, etc., 

28, Nassau Street. — No man is better known in this particular trade than 
Mr. M. Harris, who has had a very large and pr.actical experience in this 
line of business. This most interesting and widely-known shop might 
very properly be styled " ye old curiosity shop," being as it is replete with 
almost every kind of curiosity upon which a conno:sseur could wish to 
delight his eyes. In these days, when there is such a great revival of 
antiques of every descriplion, a visit to Mr. Harris's establishment would 
be well repaid, not only liy ihe sight of his wonderful collection of articles 
of vertu, but the proprietor having been nearly thirty years in this business 
is quite an authority, both as to date and value of all kinds of antiques. 
The large stock, which is very varied and contains some curious old 
specimens, comprises not only plate but jewellery and old coins and 
medals, of which Mr. Harris possesses a great quantity, besides some 
articles of vertu of very great value from their rarity. This business 
has a widespread patronage among the wealthy classes, and Mr. Harris 
enjoys the confidence of a large number of customers. At this unique 
establishment all the articles sold are of genuine value, the proprietor 
scorning to have recourse to those artifices which are now so common of 
palming off a worthless imitation for a genuine antique. Mr. Harris deals 
in modern plate also, and has a large and valuable collection. The success 
of this house has certainly been attributable to the character of its pro- 
prietor, whose energy, capacity, and extensive experience, have made the 
business what it is, and whose uniform promptitude, integrity, and 
courtesy, have long since secured the esteem and confidence of his 
customers. Mr. Harris has been favoured with the best patronage, and 
many of the leading members of the nobility and gentry are de- 
lighted and intensely interested in his really wonderful collection oi 
works of art both ancient and modern, of exquisite workmanship and 
design. Purchasers at this establishment will hnd the proprietor most 
obliging in his manners, and quite a fund of information upon nearly all 
works of antiquity, an inspection of his goods being quite a pleasurable 
recreation. The laudable enterprise of Mr. Harris proclaims a highly 
commendable determination that no effort shall be spared to enhance in 
the future the past renown of the house, and endow it with still stronger 
claims to the consideration it receives from a numerous and influential 
c/itnti/e. 



Laurence J. Eeogh, Grocer and Tea Merchant, 33, >rarl- 
borough Street. — There is no branch of commercial enterprise and activity 
of more universal importance to the community at large than is the grocery 
trade. It enters so largely into the requirements of everyday life that it 
has become in these days actually a part of our present civilisation. One 
of the foremost houses in the tr.aile in Dublin is that of Mr. Laurence 
J. Keogh. Established nearly forty years ago, it has steadily acquired and 
tenaciously maintained a high position among houses of a similar kind in 
the Irish metropolis. The business is carried on in a large and commodious 
brick-built edifice. All the st.apic articles of the trade may be obtained 
here, including all descriptions of condiments, spices, su;ar, and the 
numerous proprietary articles which are manufaciured in such large numbers 
by enterprising firms. Tea and coffee, iiiHK>rled by the leailing agents in 
the India and China tr.ide, are slocked on the premises in large quantities. 
This house is deservedly popular for certain mixtures of tea, to which 
Mr. Keogh pays special attention. A notable feature of this business 
is John Jameson's Irish whisky, of, so to sp^ak, almost venerable 
antiquity. Sherry, port, claret, and other descriptions of wine also receive 
due attention. Guinness's stout, of world-wiile lame, and I3a.ss's pale ale, 
of equally universal lepulalion, bo'llcd on the premises, meet with a large 
sale. An efficient and polite staff of assistants is employed to execute the 
orders of customers. Tne traffic of this est.iblislimeiit is not confined to 
the city of Dublin, for a large proportion of Mr. Kecgh's clients reside in 
the outlying districts surrounding the Irish capital. The house is centrally 
situated, being nearly ojiposite the I'roCalhedi.al, Marlb )rough Street, and 
within two niimiles' walk of O'Connell Street. The pioprielor, whose 
management of the busim^ss is of that enterprising and energetic character 
which is demanded by the exigencies of modern Ojmmerci.il lile, is a gentle- 
man of sound business principles, and is much esteemed and respected by 
his numerous customers. 



INDUSTRIES OP DUBLIN. 



The General Advertiser, Pleet Street.— 77//^ Genrral 

Adre>iii<r is .T p^ix-r pul>lislicil si)lcly for advcrli^iiii; iiurposc;. It was first 
broiii'lil out fifiy-iwi) years .iijo, ami at unco made its mark in the literary 
wnrlii as a pHlilicatinn of great merit, and obtained a large patronage. lis 
circulation from the first has liccn large and continually increasing, until at 
the present day it has reached the sui prising figure of 40,000 weekly. The 
dislinctive feature in this advertising medium is that the paper is dcliyered 
" free " in the city and suliurbs, and by post through every |iost office in the 
country. This free delivery ensures the perusal of each of the 40,000 papers 
printed weekly. The copie< arc delivered at the principal hou>es in the ciiy 
and suburbs. It can at once be seen that adveitisements instrtcd in this 
publication arc brought under the notice of the public in a degree most 
prominent and widespread. And the fact that persons desiring to.advcrlisc 
usually .select this paper to insert their wants, is formally established by the 
'extent to which this AJverliter is patronised. The premises occupied 
are in the loading thoroughfare of Tleet Street. They comprise a 
spacious and well-furnished oflicc, and a commodious room for printing 
purposes, with a floor space of forty feet by twenty-five. The best and 
quickest machinery is maintained, and consequentlyonly workof the highest 
class is turned out. In .addition to the conducting of the paper, the firm enjoys 
a Large connection in job printing, which receives no small share of attention. 
The manager is a Mr. John Kelion, a well-known and worthy gentleman, 
■who has achieved a great reputation from the businesslike maimer in which 
he controls the operations of his paper, and superintends the large force of 
hands employed. The General Advertiser is universally considered to 
enjoy the largest and best circulation in Ireland ; it far exceeds that of any 
Dublin paper, and is greater than the aggregate of the provincial press. 
The surprising success achieved by this enterprising paper is everywhere 
•recognised, and The General Advertiser may be said to have become a 
household word throjghout Ireland. 



B. White, Plumber, Brass founder, and Contractor, 

■63, Middle Abbey .Street, and 41, North l.oits. — The estaliHshment of Mr. 
R. White, plumber and br.assfounder, is well known in his particular trade. 
The establishment occupies very large premises at 63, Middle Abbey Street, 
and 41, North Lotis, which are largely stocked with a valuable supply of 
articles of brass-foundry and materials generally used in the plumber's call- 
ing, many of which are interesting as specimens of the advance ni.ade in 
sanitary science of recent years. The materials are all of the best quality, 
Mr. White making it a nde to keep no other. Mr. White supplies in the 
wholesale way the plumbers all over Ireland with those materials most 
used in the sanitary airangements of modern houses. He is a contractor 
in a very large manner for the carrying out of works in connection with his 
trade, some of his undertakings being very extensive. lie is at present con- 
tractor for the Commissioners of Irish Lights, and has carried out contracts 
for Poor-law Boards and other public bodies. The following testimonial 
from among many others shows how satisfactory is the execution of his 
work : 

" Mr. White has put up two Automatic Sanitary flush-cisterns in my 
lavatory, which are doing their business well, and are the best inventions I 
have seen for closets open to the public, as they require no attention, can- 
not be interfered with, and are consequently for those reasons, as well as 
tsimplicity of construction, very unlikely to go out of order. 

"(Signed) J. W. CoNOt.LV, 

"49, Great Britain Street, Dublin." " Merchant. 

The house enjoys the patronage of a first-class connection all over the 
<ity, the suburbs, and country, '^^r. White is a large employer of labour. 
The system with which his large business is managed speaks well for his 
business capacity. He is much esteemed by his employees, and among 
all classes of business men he is regarded as a man of ability and 
integrity. 



James Leigh, Provision Warehouse, Wholesale and 

ftetall, 30, Talbot Street. — It is p.articularly interesting, in reviewin<» the 
various tr.ades and manufactures of Dublin, to meet with a firm of such 
standing and extensive business connections as the well-known house of 
Mr. James Leigh, wholesale and retail provision merchant. This bflsiness, 
which ranks as a first-clas^ house, has gradually increased its operations 
and extended its connections in such a way that it is now recognised as 
one of the leading firms engaged in this br.anch of trade in Dublin. The 
premisrs comprise a spacious and well-fitted shop, as well as a good ware- 
nouse and stores. The same proprietor has also another large establish- 
ment in the s.ime line, at 21 and 22, Mary's Abbey. \ large stock of very 
superior provisions is always kept, and includes, among other specialities 
for which the firm is very deservedly noted, an excellent supply of pure 
butters, cheese, and b.acon. A specially noticeable feature with the firm is 
the excellent order in which theY>remises .ire maintaineil, and the scrupu- 
lous and commendable rc^'ard for cleanliness displayed throughout the 
whole cst.ablishmcnt. The business is under the proprietor's personal 
superinteri lence, and is therefore carried on in the most systematic manner. 
The firm is one widely known throughout the provision trade, and among 
all the leading wholesale and retail houses. The local trade is very 
extensive, and the patronage includes many of the lea.ling families .and 
gentry, in addition to which .Mr. Leigh has a very wide connection among 
the retail dealers. Being, as it is, so ably conducted by the proprietor, the 



95 



house enjoys n reputation throughout the Ir.iJe such as accrues only to tho<e 
concerns whose records arc untarnished by any infringement of ' f 

commercial honour. A numerous and efficient stalT of asvi ■ 
ployed, alTi>rdinga prompt and competent attention to customci 1 . . ..., ..,• 
warehouse to make their selections, and rt ncctl sc.ircely be mentioned ih.i 
Mr. Leigh is well prepared for any demands that may l>c m.ade U(/on the 
resources of his imporlant establishment. The success of the firm lia< 
most certainly been attributable to the character of its pr')priclor, whose 
capacity .and untiring energy have made the business what it is, and whose 
uniform promptitude and integrity have long since secured the esteem aiii' 
confidence of the customers, both wholesale and n i.iil. 



John Hogg, Dairy, 42, I-ower Dorset Street.— A very thriving 
and well-known liairy is ihal of Mr. John Hogg, which has been estab- 
lished for six years, and h.is always maintained a very high-cl.ass reput.ation 
for the exceedingly good quality of its produce. The .shop in which this \i 
disposed of is situated at 42, Lower Dorset .Street, and is alxjul fourteen 
feet square. Its most striking feature is the regard which is paid to cleanli- 
ness, so essential and all-important a char.iclcristic in this branch of trade. 
Lvery convenience an 1 facility is proviiled for the conduct of the business, 
and the brightness of the utensils in use is both noteworthy and com- 
mendable. The shop is thoroughly well lilted in all parts, and the large 
stock consists of supplies of country butter, eggs, and milk. The principal 
speciality of this house is pure new milk, a commodity in universal 
demand, but not alw.ays to be obtained in these d.ays, when unprincipled 
tr.adesmen resort to dishonest pr.actices of adulteration. At this reputable 
establishment, however, country milk of exceptional richness and excellence 
is to be procured, which is a great advantage to the general inhabitants of 
the neighbourhood, and especially so for invalids and the nursery, where 
milk forms the principal article of diet. The milk is maintained at one 
uniform standard of quality, and there is no second or inferior grade. All 
this tells its own tale of prosperity. Mr. Hogg has from the first depended 
solely upon the merits ot his excellent milk to influence the development of 
his business. It is scarcely nece-sary to add that this firm has a good and 
widespread retail connection. A staff of five hands is employed, and the 
whole concern is uniler the able personal supervision of the proprietor, who, 
being a man of great experience and integrity, is held in high regard by his 
customers not only for his courtesy but for the thorough tact and skill he 
displays in the conduct of his business. In fact, he is so well known as an 
honourable tradesman, and has retained his old customers for so long a 
time, that his reputation in this respect is firmly established. There is 
every indication of this business receiving a desirable and well-merited 
impetus and enhancement by reason of the excellent quality of its dairy 
produce, resulting in a still further access of th.it prosperity which has 
attended its career since the date of its foundation. 



Joseph Wright, Hatter, 33, Westmoreland Street— Mr. Joseph 

Wright is the owner and manager of one of the first hat manufactories of 
Dublin. His premises are situated at 33, Westmoreland Street, and in this 
splendid thoroughfare the business his existed since the dawn of the present 
century. Inside in a special case, .Mr. Wright sometimes shows to some <ii 
his favoured friends what may be called the hat history of Ireland since the 
Union. In this most interesting of exhibitions we see those peculiarly 
shaped and exquisitely ornamented three-cornered hats in which our gentry 
of that day so prided themselves ; in another case, we see those narrowing 
and tapering coverings for the head which are even now met with in the 
wild parts of the Connaught counties ; in still another, we sec the first 
attempts at the now ubiquitous silk hat. Silk h.-its are of course found in 
all shapes and colours on the premises ; there are hats with broad leaves, 
others almost without any, some high reaching structures, others humble 
and retiring ; there are black hats, and gray hats, and white hats ; .and no 
matter in what direction lies the taste of the purchaser, he will find in each 
description an equally large assortment from which to make his selection. 
A stock of felt hats, hard and soft, which evidences great and skilled 
judgment in its selection, is worthy of careful examination. In hunting, 
ri ling, cricket, and other coloured articles, the value given may be judged 
from the patronage with which this house has for many years been favoured 
by the athi jtic clubs and associations in the metropolis. Last year was the 
year of Jubilee, and Mr. Wright proudly celebrated a little one of his own, 
for just fifty years ago this establishment was signally honoured by his being 
appointed hatter to the young I'rincess who then ascended the throne of 
the British Kinpiie. The long life of his house must be a source of ex- 
cessive pleasure to Mr. Wright, especially as he himself h.is been the chief 
factor in its success, and that this concern owes its Listing popularity to his 
energy, courtesy, and capability. 



C. W. Harrison & Sons, Monumental Sculptors, and 
Archltooturol Stone and Wood Carvers; Works, 17S, (Jreat Uruns- 
wick Street ; Show Kooms, 28 and 29, Lincoln Place. — .Messrs. C. W. 
Harrison & .>ons h.ive always on hand a varied assortment of monuments, 
tombs. Ilea 1-stones, mural marble tablets, etc., of which they respectfully 
solicit an inspection. They also make a fine display of every description 
of stone auil in.irble work. Altars, reredo.es, pulpits, fonts, etc., 
executed in the first style of art, and on the most reasonable terms. Designs 
and estimates are forwarded upon application to all parts of the country 
free, and all orders punctually attended to. 



96 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Monsoa, Kobinson, & Co., The Metropolitan Printing 
Works and Paper Bag Factory, Talbot Street.— Tlie gooJ f.ime ana 
credit of Dublin printing may well be left in the hands of such firms as 
Messrs. Monson, Kobir.sun, & Co., who will worthily sustain it. This firm is 
engaged in almost every branch of commercial printing. Here, at Talbot 
Street, show-cards of the most elaborate and attractive design are prepared : 
tea-papers, fancy labels, account-books, and paper bags of every description 
are all a matter of daily production in large quantities. Messrs. Monson, 
Robirson, & Co. are particularly well known for their almanacks, which 
combine the greatest accuracy with the maximum of good taste and design. 
The house has been established during the kng period of fifteen ye.irs, and 
has steadily grown' in influence until now i' is in the very front rank of 
printing-houses in Dub" in. But the operations of the house are by no means 
confined to Ireland. The connection which the energetic and discrimi- 
nating managers have established ranges over the length and breadth of the 
United Kingdom. The chief depot for England is at Cannon Street, Man- 




ch-sier ; and it is no little to the credit of our Irish printers that many 
orders which might be placed in England are confided to the hands of 
Mesirs. Monson, Robnso i, & Co. Tnis enterprising firm, we may men- 
tion, emp'oys no less than 200 hands; and those who know any.hing of the 
printing trade will agree that only a house of pre-em'nent position anl 
established repetition could keep up such a nume.oas and highly-traine I 
staff. The Messrs. Monson, Robinson, & Co. pride themse'.ves on being 
especially commercial printers. It is in this department that, years ago, 
they made their reputation in Dublin, anl they have faithfully kept to that 
original line, and maintained their reputation ever since. At the p-esen' 
time Messrs. Monson, Robinson, & Co. print for some of the largest houses 
in Dublin, and export accojnt-books and almanacks in large quantities to 
England. Eigraving is also done at the printing factory in Talbot Street; 
and although this branch is .somewhat subsidiary to the many others, the 
reputation of this firm for skill and careful workmanship is borne out in this 
matter also. 



Jno. Murphy, Tea.Wice, and Spirit Merchant, "Cautoa 
Tea Waretaoase," 16, Upper Lifley Street. — The story of some of our old 
houvj, reals often quite as interesting as .some of the most sensational 
roman-es, and in the minds of the imaginative raises up the shades of our 
enterprising progenitors who, concpiering almost insurmountable obstacles, 
laid the foundation for that commerce wliich the United Kingdom h.as 
pushed all over the known worM. The " Canton Tea Warehouse," estab- 
lished 200 years ago, at a time when two rival monarchs made Ireland their 
battle-ground for a kingdom's sceptre, would afford a fit subject for an 
antiquary's research. iJuilt originally at a time when what is now con- 
sidered as one of the most nee ssary articles of ccmsumption was one of the 
most rcsiricled luxuries indulged in by the better clashes, passing through 
the whirlpoo's of fluctuating fortunes, it has survived, and is now one of the 
few connecting links between the present and the dead past, as a house 
keeping the best articles, handsomely fitted up and accommodated with 
every convenience for the sale of excellent tens, at prices to suit rich and 
poor, whiskies guaranteed pure, and brandies im;vorted from the best 
distillers. The great trade it doe?, wholesale and retail, is but the recompense 
a gooil business ability, as is shown in its management, is sooner or later 
bound lo receive. The ])Osiiion of the house, pl.iced as it is between 
Henry .Street and Ujipir l.ilfey Street, and so near the (lencral Tost 
Office, is alxjut the be^t that ciuld be for a busincis of the inignitude done 
by the " Canton Tea Warehouse." 



Knaggs Bros., The Irish Bog Oak Works, 27, C.rafton 

Slieel. — /'ur cjccelUmi THE Irish Bog Oak Works are those of Messrs. 
Knaggs Bros. This induslr)- pract-cally took its rise in Ireland about the 
time when thi-» hou-sc w-as fir^t established, ten years ago. Since then bog 
oak has mainlainel a high |)<j,ition in ihe jewellery trade, and Messrs. 
Knaggs have been the leading house in bog oak. At the Irish Kxhibilion 
at Olympia, one of the stalls most universally admired was that on which 



were exhibited the productions of Messrs. Knaggs. Bog oak in all shapes 
and forms lay scattered around in careless profusion, pipes, walking- 
sticks, rulers, and all sorts of artistic and ornamental work, plain and silver- 
mounted. So excellent is the work of Meisrs. Knaggs, that they have 
been awarded already a number of medals— one from the Royal Dublin 
Society's Exhibition, and the other from the Yorkshire Exhibition of Arts 
and M.inufacture, which was held at Leeds in 1S75. Their shop in 
Grafton .Stieet is one of the handsomest in Dublin, and their windows are 
tastefully adorned with articles of iheir own manufacture. They have 
a large and excellently .I'sorted selection of jewellery in bog oak, jet, silver, 
and gold, at prices varying from one shilling to twenty-five pounds. Be- 
sides a large retail trade in the city cf Dublin, they also conduct a very 
extensive export traffic with England, France, America, and the Colonies. 
In fact, it would be perfectly safe to say that their goods and workmanship are 
known all over the world. They employ a staff of assistants on the premises, 
whose attention to the requirements of customers is well known, and we are 
strictly adhering to the truth when we say that as their success in the p.ist 
has in their line of business be?n unprecedented, so their prospeiity in the 
future will follow in keeping ; the only possible result of uniform good 
workmanship, and attention to those little details which go to make up 
per.'eclion. 

James Hawkins, Carriage Iiamp Mannfactnrer, 73, 

Capel Street. — A house well known in the cairlage lamp manufacture is 
that of Mr. James Hawkins, of 73, Capel street. With a business career 
extending over ninety years, this house is one of the most prominent in its- 
particular line. In no other establishment are lamps of a more superior 
finish to be met with. The excellence of the products of this eminent house 
is well known, and consequently it enioys a patronage of an extensive and 
Tv'cU-supported character. Ti.e strict business lines under which the opera- 
tions ot this eminenily reliable house are conducted, have obtained for it a 
connection of a widespread nature. Among the names of its nuirerous 
patrons may be mentioned no inconsiderable portion of the genlr)- of our 
city. The excellence of the lamps manufactured by Mr. Hawkins may, in 
every respect, both for diir^hility and style, be relied upon. None but the 
best materials are utilised by the efficient s'aflf employed. The force of 
hands are men of \'ast and varied experience, well versed in all branches of 
their trade, and are particularly remarkable for the good workmanshipi 
which they throw into every dtscription of their manufactures. Mr. 
Hawkins, since his commencement as a carriage lamp manufacturer, has- 
been noted for his superior ability and business qualifications, which have 
placed his firm in the foremost rank of commercial establishments. 



Michael Talk, Sealer in Curiosities, 32, Grafton Street. — 
"Old curiosity shops" have always had a wondrous fascination for the 
general public, and more particularly for the uninitiated. However, to 
the connoisseur, the collection displayed in the establishment of Mr. 
Michael Falk, of 32, Grafton Street, should be well worth the trouble at 
least of a visit. Mr. Falk occupies an elegant and striking house in 
Grafton Street, the windows of which are literally filled with curios, 
articles of vertu, and old plate. Mr. Kalk is a large buyer of all descrip- 
tions of articles in old gold and silver, cujis, ewers, bowls, old Sheftield 
ware, diamonds, pearls, and all precious siones ; lace, medals, and coins, 
of all kinds. He devotes .special attention to old silver plate, and is an 
invaluable authority upon all matters connected theic-.vith. He can 
expatiate with fervid eloquence upon gems, and is also well postcil in 
lapidary lore. According to his list of " genii held sacred by the ancients, 
with their respective meining^," it appears that the most vaUiable is the 
agate, which ensures " long life, health, and ])ro>perity." A gem pos- 
sessing such properties as are here attributed to this humble jewel would 
be indeed wurth something ; scarcely less valuable is the sardonyx, which 
" ensures conjugal felicity." Mr. Ealk's business is not confined to the 
city of Dublin, for he has commercial relations with all parts of Ireland. 
His clients are all of the better class of society. Mr. Falk is an experienced 
and practical .antiquarian, and his opinion on matters connected with 
articles of vertu always carries great weight. He is a gentleman of high 
standing in his business, and by his enterprise and the excellence of his 
collections, has deservedly obtained the support of a large connection, and 
made great strides in the public favour. N.l!.— Parties desirous of selling 
their silver plate, old or new, diamonds, pearls, miniatures, old paste, and 
Sheffield plated ware, should call at Mr. Falk's, 32, Grafton Street, 
Dublin, before disposing elsewhere of .any of the above goods, etc., etc 



P. M'Kcrnan, General Printer and Stationer, 56, Capd 
Street. — In general priming, it would be diflicult to meet with a more 
enterprising house than that of P. M'Kcrnan. The premises of this leading 
firm are commodious and are fitted with lirst-cla>s machinery, well adapted 
to the requirements of the large trade enjoyed by this Iculing concern; 
The printing operations comprise circulars of every description, handbills, 
auction and sermon jioslers, concert cards and ]irogrammes, anil rule-i bill- 
heads. The ]iroducts are noted for the neatness and punctuality with which 
they arc executed. With a commercial career extending over forty years, 
this house enjoys a connection which for prosperity and extent is surpassed 
by few. The utmost attention is jiaid to all the numerous transactions 
undertaken ; the care and good workmanship displayed gives prominence to 
this successful house. NIr. M'Kcrnan is noted for his upright business. 
character and the ability with which he conducts his large establishuiejit.. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



97 



Collins & Graham. Ladies' Dress-Basket, Trunk. Port- 
■lon-oau. and HatCaso SUmufaoturor*. Paokln8-Ci»o Makora, and 
Qonoral Woodworkers, l-.l>l:<na Snw 
Mills, HnnDVLT LiuiL', I'lancis Sucit, 
and 8, Aston'» Qiiny. — l>romin-m 
ainoiiK llie many notable ostablishinciit'. 
in Dublin ;Vrtt have gaincJ success 
in ils rcsptctivc business, wc may 
mention the manufacturing concern 
of Me-srs. Collins & Graham, which 
was founiled many years ago at Woml 
Street. The increasing business sunn 
necessitated the removal of the ope- 
rations to the present commodious 
premises in Hanover Lane, Francis 
Street. About two years ago they re- 
opened the extensive sale shop at 
S, Aston's Quay, formerly owned by 
Mr. Jos. Martin, a well-known trunk 
manufacturer. This establishment hoMs 
an unequalled stock of trunks, port- 
manteaus, and all the various travel- 
ling reipiisitcs m.ade al their factory. 
The splendid works at ll.inover Lane 
stand on nearly an .acre of closed -in 
ground. In the centre are located the 
saw-mills and timber stores, engin;- 
rooms, etc. , and close by are the lar.;e 
and airy workshops wherein every 
description of packing-cases, military 
chests, joinery work, and trunks are 
fashioned as well .as fitted, covereil, 
painted, and poKshed, while in a f.ir 
corner are reaied heaps of roughly cut 
timber soon to be transformed into 
the elegant travelling appendages, so 
useful, so convenient, and so orna- 
mental, that are displayed in such 
numbers at the warerooms on Aston's 
Quay. Every required operation is 
here performed, and the whole enclo- 
sure is, with its numerous artisans, a 
little town within a town. Messrs. 
Collins & Graham respectfully caution 
the public against purchasing gojds 
similar or resembling goods of their 
manufacture, such as are .sold in monsier 
drapery houses, co-operative stores, and 
sale shops, which .ire generally made 
by inferior and unskilled workmen and 

their families, of the very worst materials, in tenement houses of the most 
unsanitary and repulsive description, and are admitted to be a most 

John Tiemey & Sous, Forwarding Agents and 
General Carriers, 24, Eden Quay.^This prominent firm of pu lie 
carriers has a long successful history associated with its name. It was 
established just a century ago ; a hundred years of a record is a r.Uher 
unusual one even for gigantic firms and public companies. How many 
thousands of the latter have retired, succumbed, and become bankru|it 
during this period, liut this firm of Messrs. Tierncy still retains the well- 
known and famili.ar name of a wliole century's tr.iding and successful 
enterprise. The position of the enterprising firm is highly adapted in its 
locali(m, close to North Wall, Custom House, Docks, Great Northern 
Railway, and also conveniently situ.ited to the North Wall stations of both 
great railway systems — the great Southern and Western and Midlind 
Companies (of Ireland), as well as the Great Northern of England (Its 
Dublin connection). The firm under notice is largely and appropriately 
supplied with all the necessary appointments of the tia le professedly 
carried on its particular line — a large available stock of best suited horses 
and vans, wa;^gons, lorries, fluats, etc., necessary for the removals and 
deliveries of goods in connection with the carrying ti.ade-all business 
being superintended personally by the practical principals of the firm. 
They employ a large st.iff of experienced packers, carters, etc., all of whom 
arc capable men, thoroughly adapted to eveiy section of the business 
allotted to their care and execution. The Messrs. Tierncy & Sons have 
succeeded in the line to an eminent degree. They are favoured with most 
extensive orders from the mercantile and .shipping firms of the city, ani'-mg 
which their business operations principally lie. Another scarcely less 
important department of their business is the carrying and delivery of all 
kinds of furniture, and in this branch also their operations are on a most 
extensive scale, and of growing m.agnitude. Splendidly ap]Hiinted and 
thoroughly approved furniture vans, and other necessary appliances, are 
always available at this well-known firm, careful and experienced hamls 
being deputed for these special duties. The prominent firm associated 
with the name now at its centenary completion, ocupic; a foreinoit 
place, and judging from its tenacious hold on the trade of the p.ast, its 
prosperous and thriving condition at the j'resent, it is to be presumed th.at 
its business op;rations will be in full viialiiy and existence under the 



TRUNK & PORTMANTEAU 




fruitful, though often unsuspected, source of spreading and conveying v.me 
of, if not all the most dangerous infectious ditcakcs. All their g'H>I<i 

being ma<lc in large, airy, and healihy 
workshops, tlie public have nothing tu 
fear, but, on the contrary, everything 
to gain, in a hygienic iensc, by deal- 
ing with manufacturers who adopt all 
the necessary kanitary precautions in 
their various workshops, in the pub- 

lie interesi, with ihe satisfac'.ory result 

of securing for their goixls a widc- 
.spread and genuine reputation. Messrs. 
Collins iV Gmham have uiilised every 
process that could add in any wajr, 
cither as to dural^liiy or elegance of 
appearance, to the excellence of the 
goods they turn out. The stock at 
.Astrm's Quay is composed of trunks, 
|>ortmanteaux, hat-cases, dress-baskets, 
Gladstone and every other desciipiion 
of travelling bags, and any of these 
will be made without delay to any 
s|>ccial order of the purch.iser. A 
speciality is the supciior travelling 
trunk, patented in 1S82 by this house, 
and covered with "he best Irish liasil, 
splendidly lined and Iwautifully tried, 
and unrivalled by any make of English 
or forfign makers. Indeed it can be 
truthfully asserted that all the pro- 
ductions of Messrs. Collins & Graham 
ate unsurpassed by goods of the 
same class made in any part of the 
British Isles. Parlicular attention 
is given to the manufacture of ladies' 
dress-baskets, and in this line the 
house takes the lead in Ireland ; in- 
deed, ils reputation for beauty and 
strength in these goods is unrivalled. 
In making packing-cases they arc un- 
equalled, and consequently enjoy the 
patronage o( all the large whole- ale 
export and large establishments in 
Ihe cily. We must mention that we 
have also seen some beautiful speci- 
mens of branding on cases of trade 
marks and other designs done by a 
new process. The firm are well known 
all over Ireland, and have a large con- 
nection in England and Scotland. In 
every detail of the business the ability, energy, and enterprise of the pro- 
prietary are discernible. 

popular name of Ticrney, at the termination of the next and other suc- 
ceeding centuries. 

Heiuekey & Anderson, Wine Merchants, 62, Upper 

Sackville .Street. — An enterprising and representative house in the wine 
.and spirit trade, and one well deserving of mention, is the firm of Messrs. 
Heinekey & Anderson, of 62, Upper Sackville Street. These premises 
comprise front and b.ack offices, well fitted ami furnished, and decorated 
with handsome glass show-cases containing sample Inittles of their celebrated 
importations, as well as spacious warehouses at the back of the offices, largely 
stocked with a splendid as-sortment of wines, brandies, and whiskies, 
while underneath are commodious and extensive v.iults with a vast 
cellarage of liquors of old and fine vintages. This reliable concern was 
founded thirty years ago. and from the commencement has enjoyed a 
prosperous career. The firm deal in every description of wines and spirits, 
amongst which the following maybe mentioned as prominent specialities: 
a light pale dry and delicate unlirandied sherry, an old and tawny port, 
an old dry very p.alc and unbrandied Marsala, a full-bodied and agreeable 
hock, Lagarde & Fils' champ.agne, iSSo vintage, a fine old pale delicate 
Madeira of exceptional value, a very old extra fine thirty year old brandy, 
J. & J.'s ten year old whisky, and the finest Plymouth gin. French, 
Spanish, Portuguese, and German wines of the finest br.ind.s, and famous 
light dinner clarets, and other fancy liquors are imported from foreign 
markets. The whole of the comprehensive stocks maintained by Messrs. 
Heinekey & Anderson are noted for their superiority. The vast accommo- 
dation for storage that the cellars provide, enable the proprietary to take 
advantage of the fluctuations of the markets, and buy when prices are 
cheapest ; thus allowing them to maintain their rates at the lowest ebb, 
and to compete very successfully with other houses. This concern has a 
large and extensive connection, embr.icing patrcnngc of a widespread, 
permanent, and high-class nature both at home and abroad. As a mark 
of their prosperity it may be mentioned that the house maintains a London 
branch situated at II, Hart Street, Mark Lane, E.C. The only member 
of the firm is Mr. Anderson, a well-known gentleman, who is thoroughly 
conversant » ith every department of the trade. 



-98 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



T. S. Scott & Co., Cabinet Kannfactorers, Joinery 
Works, Sawing and Moulding Mills, 32, 33, and 34, Upper Abbey 
Street. — This noted company has been established in the city for a period 
■extending over more than fiteen years, and from the beginning then made 
in 32, Upper Abbey Street, they have by tlie most remarkable energy and 
ability kep: on adding improvement to improvement and atldition to addiiion, 
until now they possess one of the largest woodwork factories in Ireland. 
The business done is chiefly retail, and the numerous orders which the 
firm receives for the furnishing of country mansions, castles, churches, and 
schools, necessitate the employment of a lar^e number of hands. The 
machiner)' employed is modern, effective, and complete. Everything in 
which the firm trades is done on the premises, and in the artistic furni- 
ture department each article is carefully designed on true art principles 
by Mr. T. R. .'^cott, who t.akes especial interest in this most important 
department. The upholster)* of furniture for drawing-rooms, be irooms, 
dining-rooms, etc., is also done on the premises, S3 purchasers may be con- 
fident that the goods they here obtain are of Irish manufacture in all their 
parts. A special care is taken in this establishment of the furnishinr; cf 
churches, schools, monasteries, and convents; and the strength, durability, 
and elegance of the goods supplied to these institutions have drawn from the 
pastors and superiors, numeious flattering testimonials. The ability of the 
management h.is an ample field to work iji, and up to the present has 
given abundant evidence that it only needed the opportunity it now so 
happily possesses to show that in the line of church, scnool, and domestic 
furniture manufacture, Ireland can well hold.its own against all comers. 



James Savanag-li, Wine and Spirit Mercliant, and 
Grocer, 27, Parliament street, and 8, Lower Exchange Street. — Prominent 
among the leading Dublin houses of wine and spirit merchants and grocers, 
stands that of Mr. James Kavanagh. This well-known firm was established 
fifty years ago, and is carried on under the sole control of the proprietor, a 
gentleman thoroughly familiar with every point and feature of the wine and 
spirit and grocery trades, and possessed of beneficial experience, by which 
he is fully qualified to engage in the high-class branch of trade with which 
he is both creditably and successfully identified. The premises are large 
and commodious, and contain an extensive and superior stock. All the best 
growths and vintages of superior foreign w ines find a place in this establish- 
ment, and are remarkable as examples of careful selection and consequent 
fine quality, and the assortment of first class brands and favourite distdla- 
tions in native whiskies, brandies, and other spirits, is most complete and 
well chosen. The whole of the large and valuable stock heUI is maintained 
in perfect condition. In addition to this branch, the firm have a grocery 
department, replete with a large stock of teas, coffees, sugars, and other 
provisions, from which a large and valuable family trade extendin;.; 10 all 
parts of the city is conducted. In all these goods, quality and price have 
been so carefully considered, that this house has always maintained its great 
popularity. The branches of the firm are at 42, Wentworth Place, Hollos 
Street, and Essex Gate, and at each of these establishments a very large 
volume of retail business is transacted. Each of these brandies above 
mentioned possess a grocer's wine and spirit license, and supplies goods of 
this class to its own immediate neighbourhood. Large or small orders 
with Mr. Kavanagh receive equal attention and promptness of execution, 
and a feature of this important and constantly growing business consists in 
the prevalence of a thorough co-operative system with legard to prices, thus 
aflTjrding every advantage to its customers. The house enjoys an eminent 
reputation for the high-class and reliable character of all its goods, and this 
good name brings with it a widespread and valuable connection in all parts. 
The business is thoroughly well and carefully conducted, and a large trade 
is controlled, extending among retail dealers and private customers, and 
these valuable connections are constantly being widened and enhanced. 
The principal is well known, and occupies a kading position in commercial 
-circles as a thoroughly practical man of business, and is much respected. 



J. Kewman, Manufacturer of !?cales, 'Weigliing 
Kocblnes, Weights and Measures, etc., etc, 156, ( anel Street. — 
Mr. J. Newman, whose esia.ili^hnient in Capel .Street furnrs tlie subject 
of tlus notice, i-, the sole manufacturer in Ireland of the vario.is kinds of 
articles purchasal,lc at his establishment. Founded twenty-one years ago, 
Mr. Newman soon achieved a high reputation for the character of his 
goods, and w.is not long before he had formed a connection all over Ire- 
land, which in magnitude and influence placed his e tablishmcnt in the 
foremost rank of coiimcrcial and manufacturing houses. Mr. Newman 
occupies extensive premises, admirably fitted, and supplied with every 
appliance (it the carrying on of his large and increasing business. The 
length of the premises from front to rear is about 1 10 feet, the fore part of 
the house being used as shop and warehouse, while at the rc.ir is situa'ed a 
large workshop where tlie various brass and other metal articles arc made. 
The stock, wliich is large, varied, and very valuable, compri-es a fine 
assortment of agate scales, tea, coffee, and pepper mills, sugar choppers, 
pcw;cr measures, fancy lea and coffee canisters, show bowls and vases, 
and a host of other shop fittings mo;.tly used in gocers and provision 
merchants' shops and stores, Among^ the many excellent articles to be 
seen here wc must mention K. GcrvaLs &. Co.'s celebrated French cooking 
machine, for which .Mr. Newman is sole agent. This machine has b en 
awarded forty- five prize medals at various exhibitions throughout the world. 
, It is now, and has been for years past, used by all the principal wint and j 



spirit merchants in Ireland, and has given universal sa'isfaction. We 
have no hesitation in saying that without exception it is the best cooking 
machine in existence. Ad the articles are of the finest quality, some of 
the agate scales being so true that almost a feather would turn the beam. 
The other articles, such as pepper .and coffee mills, are also admirable 
specimens of workmanship, reflecting the highest credit on the firm that 
produced them. The connection all over the country is of a most important 
character, most of the grocers and publicans having their measures, scales, 
etc., from him. Mr. Newman's trade is not, however, confined to the 
provinces, as he does a large trade among business establishments in 
Dublin, giving everywhere the greatest satisfaction by the excellent quality 
of his work. Mr. Newman's manufactures have received the most flatter- 
ing testimonials as to their excellence from authoritative quarters, he 
having been presented with the highest certificate of merit for his produc- 
tions at the Dublin Exhibition of 1S72, and again at the subsequent 
exhibitions held in iSSz. Mr. Newman is also scale maker, etc., by 
appointment to Her Majesty's forces in Ireland and to the Dublin 
Corporation. 



Miss Byrne, News Agent, Bookseller, and Stationer, 

17, Harcourt Road. — A flourishing house is that of Miss Byrne, of No. 17, 
liarcourt Road, Dublin, News -Agent, Bookseller, and Stationer, and 
Fancy Goods Warehouse. It has a large and widespread connection in 
and around its own neighbourhood amongst the belter classes, and has a 
high reputation among its numerous patrons, who can rely upon getting 
their various wants met in a satisfactory manner. The house has only t^en 
established three years, but that short space of time has been quite long 
enough for it to make a ma-k for itself in the metropolis. The shop has 
an extensive frontage of thirty six feet, and a depth of fifteen. It is 
handsomely fitted up, and neatly appointed with large counter and elegant 
shelves and show cases. The newsagent's department has always a large 
and sufficient supply of the usual daily and weekly newspapers, and most 
of the monthly periodicals and magazines published in Ireland and 
England. 1 he stationery department contains an extensive and varied 
assortment of note and business paper, envelopes, pens, inks, gum, sealing 
wax of the best quality, ami at most moderate prices. In the department 
devoted to books there is a large selection from which to choose, suitable 
for all tastes, adult or juvenile, laughable or serious. Any book not in 
stock will be ordered and obtained with the greatest promptitude and 
despatch. In the fancy goods warehouse, there is a variety of charming 
articles, both useful and ornamental, which come in handy for making 
presents. The whole o' the business is managed with great energy and 
ability by the proprietress. Miss Byrne, who employs three assistants. She 
is well known as a thorough business lady, and one who pays strict 
attention to all orders entrusted to her. 



Robert B. Traynor, Tobacconist, 16, Great Brunswick Street. 

— The establiahiiient which, umlor the able management of .Mr. R. Traynor, 
has for more than twelve months been engage i in the tobacco business, is of 
moder.ate but ample dimensions. The situation of the house at 16, Great 
Brunswick Street, is as suitable as any within the city, being just opposite 
Trinity College, and in equal proximity to College Green, Amiens Street, 
and Westland Row, the scenes of a constant flow of traffic. Another 
advantage it possesses is its being in the immediate neighbourhood of the 
Leinster Hall and the site of the old Theatre Koyal. The premises are well 
stocked with all descriptions of cut and roll tolxaccos, cigars, and cigarettes 
of all the favourite and best brands, and every imaginable kind of pipes 
fashioned either from clay, wood, or meerschaum. The principal hahuiih 
of this thriving concern are the atliletic portion of the community who, 
becoming acquainted with him in the football field — where his prowess 
oftentimes displays itself — or in cross-country runs, in which his reputation 
stands equally high, have resolved to do all in their power to advance the 
cntei prising venture of their friend and fellow sportsman. Nothing is 
omitted on Mr. Traynor's part to reciprocate to their kind support, and 
everything that tends to increase the case and comlort of his dicntiU has 
been done by him in no half-hearted or niggardly manner. 



Mr. Jas. Brennan, Hairdresser, 67, Lower Dorset Street.— 

.\ useful anil important jirofession in the metropolis is that of the h.air- 
dresicr. Proficiency in this tr;i<le rommnnds plenty of work, and one of the 
must successful bu-.inesses of its kind is that presided over by Mr. Jas. 
Brennan. Though only established about two years, it progresses in a very 
satisfactory manner. The shop is commodious, being .about twenty-one feet 
by sixteen feel, and is thoroughly well fitted with all the modern convenience 
and appli.inces, mirrors, etc., for the proper carrying on of the business, 
and the various operations connected with hairdresing. A scrupuloiis 
regard is ]iaid to order and cleanliness, so very necessary in a business of this 
kind. Two assistants are employed. The proprietor who so ably manages 
the entire concern, has addel to his business the sale of all kinds of per- 
fumery and other toilet re-]uisitcs, a laige quantity of which is kept in stock, 
and liisposcd of at the lowest jiossible prices. All customers, gieat and 
small, are waited upon willi tlie greatest attention and promptness, care being 
taken with all their varied requirements. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



99 



Eauc & McClnskey, Wholesale and Retail Trunk 
and Portmanteau Honufaoturori, 4.?, Wellington ijuay, and II, Aslons 
( liiay. — rilis iiiiintiu hnii ul Inmk and porlmnnlinii nianul'aclurcrs has been 
islablisheil aboul twcnly years back, and is now a conccin o( ihc liiyliest 
standing ami great poiniiarily in llic nianufaclurc of all debcriplions of (joods 
in conneclion with this branch of bu^incss. The factory is in a most suit- 
able position, centrally situated on this great business thoroughfare of the 
s >uthern line of quays. The locality is one of the best in the city from a 
commercial point of view. The principals in the lirm, before embarking 
in business on their own account, were both connected with the celebialcil 
manufacturing cst.iblishiiient of Mr. (Jrcgiry Kane of Dame .Street, one 
of the oldest and most noted of its kind in the kingdom, and who h.is now 
retired Iroin business. The warehouse, II, Astons Quay, is an extensive 
concern, and splendidly adapted for the tr.ide ; it is beautifully lilted, and 
its arrangements complete in every particular. It contains a magnilicent 
stock of the various articles of the trade, trunks and portmanteaus of ihc 
most modern designs produced from lest maleiiils and highest style ol 
workmanship, sami'lc cases, hat boxes, bonnet boxes, and ladies' dress 
baskets in every variety of shape and design, together with a choice selec- 
tion of the scveril minor articles of the trade. Their factory, situated 
against the warehouse, at No. 2, Crampton Quay, has a large capacity for 
the immense production necessarily required for their very extensive home 
and foreign trade ; here a complete staff of ten or more experienced 
workmen are kept in full and constant employ. Mere are produced the 
best description of their goods, and in numerous quantity for their home 
trade ; colonial and travelling outlits in every variety. The well-known 
and truly esteemed principals aie thoroughly practical and experienced 
manufacturers themselves, having had a long connection with some first- 
class firms of their trade ; they superintend the business and manufacture, 
and from their undoubted capacity are sure to raise their firm to be one of 
great reputation. At present it is pursuing a successful and promising trade. 



J. Bavenport, Boot SEannfactarer, 16.3, Capel .Street. — Mr. 

Davenport's trade is iioth of the wholesale and letail character, although the 
latter branch is the more .active of the two, and the one to which Mr. 
Davei p irt chiefly devotes his energies. The shop is remarkably well fitted 
up, a; d the goods are arranged and laid out for inspection in a way which 
enables their good points to be seen to perfection. Front to rear, the shop 
reaches some seventy feet. In the workshops adjoining the premises, 
there are no less th.in tweniy-four hands constantly at work. Mr. 
Davenport does a large repairing trade, and in addition to this is also 
honou:ed with many orders in the bespoke department. Altogether it may 
be said that he is the proprietor of one of the most comfortable and steady- 
going cstabli>hments hi Dublin. He knows his customers, who invariably 
return to him after Ihcy have once dealt with him, and in this manner he 
has created a steady connection. Mr. Davenport has only been es- 
tablished for t!ie comparatively short period of nine years, but they have 
been nine years of steady unremitting industry and consequent success. 
Heis a shrewd and pain^t.akin^ tra^esman, with a thorough knowledge of 
his business, and a very evident determination to raise it to a yet more 
advanced place in the list of Dublin business houses. 



Patrick Sonegan, WatoU Mauuficturar, 32, Dime 

Street. — this is a very old and firmly estab.ishcd business, and has been 
in existence lor o.er half a century. The prcmiies in Dame Street com- 
prise an admirably arranged establishment, wi;h a street frontage of twenty- 
four feet by a depth of ninety-five feet. The shop itself is handsome y 
appointed, and, with the various articles for sale arranged in an artistic 
way, forms a very striking exhibition. Thc:e is, too, always a fine show 
in the windows of wa'ches, plate, Sheffield ware, and church ornaments, a 
large stock of which is to hi seen within. In the workshops and factories 
from forty to fifty skilled hands are kept continually employed in manu- 
facturing and repairing watches. Only skilled and experienced men are 
employed, which is a guaiantec for the excellence of the workmanship 
turned out. There is a splendid and valuable collection of silver plate 
in the newest and latest styles. The stock on hand consists of .'puons, 
forks, tankards, mugs, clarc: jugs, biscuit and sardine boxes, cruets, spirit 
stands, fa'.veis, epergnes, an 1 many other articles of electro ware, all mojt 
beautifully executed and finished. The prices will be foui d as low and as 
reasonable as is at all compatii>le with re.il value. The house has a large 
connection amongst the churches in the city and all through the country. 
Old gold and silver, diamonds and ornaments, and precious stones, will be 
bought at their highest market value. Mr. Doncgan's business has reachetl 
its present dimensions and gained its hi;:h rcputa.ion by giving full v.ihie 
for money, and so long as he pursues this poli;y so long will he not only 
maintain his position but improve it, and add daily to the high reputa. ion 
his house already enjoys. 

Lanrence Hand, Clothier and Outfitter, 132, Capel 

Street. — The clothing industry is one wliicli attains to great imporlance in 
cvtry civilised country, and which has an important bearing on the every- 
day life of a nation. This is one of the oldest, most respected, and most 
respectable hous-.s in the trade of our city. It was established filty years 
ago, is situated in a besy part of Dublin, and commands a large portion 
of the best class of business in the city. Kverything is well lo ked after 
with a view to the convenience of customers, A large slock is coostaotly 



kept on hand comprisin'^ tamplcs of the very bcit varieties of woollcnj, 
tweeds, and serges, Irish, Sc .tell, and Welsh, or W'cst of Kngland. Be- 
sides this, Mr. Hand is constantly supplied with a large ass'irtincnt of 
ready made cloihiiig, new and second-hand, all which are sold at the most 
moderate prices. This firm also supplies evening dress in great variety 
at the shortest possible notice. An cxiK-rii need staff of assistants is 
employed who are most assiduous in their alltntion lo ihc requirements of 
customers. Altogether this cslablishinent may Ijc described as being in a 
flourishing and prosperous comlilion. This, in our opinion, has Iwcn mainly 
brought about by the unfailing per onal attenliim which Mr. liana has 
always <levoted lo his business, and which has pi iced him in the present 
honourable position which he fills in the commercial life of Dublin. 



Miss Cahill, Vestment and Church Ornament Ware- 
house, y, Parliament Street. — This old-esabii.shed house has long eiij .ycd 
a laige share of ecclesiastical favour and patronage. Established some 
three-and-thirty years ago, it has continue 1 ever since, under the experienced 
management of its proprietor, .Miss Cahill, lo devote itself lo the pious in- 
dustry of manufacturing those sacer loial garments used by the Catholic 
priesthood in the performance of their sacred functions. Those who are 
acquainted with the sumptuous character of the vrstments used in the ritual 
of the Catholic Church, will readily understand the taste and skill required 
in their preparation, and acknowledge the perfection with which such work 
is carried out under .Miss CahilTs supervision. The establishment in 
Parliament Street is plentifully stocked with a large and varied a-s irtm nt 
of unibienocs, biretias, stoics, and surplices ; spotless altar linens and 
embroidered canopies ; together with tasteful banners and artificial flowers, 
vying with n.ature in form and colour, for altar decoration. The robes 
worn by bishops and high Church dignitaries are also to be found her-, 
Miss Cahill having a strong connection among the Irish prelacy. The 
P.iiliament StrcL-t cstabli.4inienl is very commodious, and admirably fitted ; 
and as a busines site the premises leave nothing to be desired. The un- 
tiring care which .Miss Cahill herself bestows on all the various details of 
her business, h.is had a large share in obtaining for her the widely exteiiilcd 
support and patronage she certainly enjoys. In her particular tr.ade it 
would be hard to find .any one more entirely solicitous about giving sitis- 
faction than is this laily. We only wi^h we could s arc more space, and 
enter more fully into a descripion of the many interesting objects to be dis- 
covered in Miss Cahill's warehouse, but can only say that for excedence of 
design and beauty of workmanship they cannot be surpassed, and an in- 
spection of her stock will well repay the visitor. Miss Cahill is always 
delighted to afibrd her visitors every opportunity of inspecting her pro- 
ductions, and takes .an innocent Iriamph in the admiration they excite. 
Among her friends and acquaintance Miss Cahill is respected and admired 
for her industry and amiability, while as a woman of business she has 
earned for herself a high reputation. 



Daniel J. Egan, Family Grocer. Tea, Wine, and Spirit 

Mercbant, 45, Summer Hill.— A flourishing and enterprising grocery 
business is that of Mr. Daniel J. Kgan, who supplies a large cmiiectioa 
with every description of groceries and wines and spirits. This house has 
been established for upwards of forty-five years, an 1 its existence up to 
dale h.Ts been one of fertile prosper ty and success. The premises occupied 
comprise a m'lst beautifully fitted and extensively stocked shop with a 
frontage of thirty feet, and extending b.ick to the rear for some ninety-six 
feet, the whole forming one of the most representative groceries in our ci.y. 
Everything that can be cl.isicd under the broad heading of "groceries' is 
maintained in the stock, which is of a comprehensive n,ature ; customers, 
therefore, may depend upon obtaining every household requisite at this 
reliable establishment. Only produce of the best quality is kept in stock, 
inferior articles never being sold. As many as fourteen hands are 
employ ;d, who are entirely cng.aged in effecting the extensive op^raions 
of the concern, which possess a bulk of vast magnitude. Mr. Egan enjoys 
a connection among all the classes of our cily, with whom a vast volume of 
trade is transacied. All orders receive the most prompt attention, and 
are delivered with great punctuality by two vans that are daily engaged in 
deliver ng goo.ls to customers »i h ihit business-like promptitude that is 
such a characteristic of ihc firm. .Mr. Egan, the enter|>rising proprietor, is 
fully convcrsint with every branch of his business, and superintends all 
transactions personally. 

John Murphy, Tlour Store, 134, Upper Abbey Street.— 

This is a ll.mr ^lo.e of lirst-ra e iin|iortance. It has been estabiished 
now five years, and owes its success during that period- to three causes. 
First, its position, w-hich is one of ihe most central in the city. Then ihe 
impetus it has receive.l from the personal exertions of Mr. Murphy, its owner 
and manager. The quilifijations of this gentleman are of the very h ghest 
order, and the extendcil knowled|^c which he possessed of the milling trade 
before he established this s:ore h.is in his present enterprise been of ihe 
greatest advantage. The third cause of its adv.anccment in the favour of 
the public is the extended and opulent conneciion which foUoweil -Mr. 
Muri>hy into his new venture, an! which since then has been enlarged and 
augmented, as the splendid value he gives came to be more widely kn iwn. 
The business is carried on by .Mr. Murphy and his family, and it is their 
advantage as it is evidently their pleasure to see that cusiomcrs receive 
every possible attention. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Mr. Vodrey, China and Pottery WareliOTise, Moore 
Street and Maiy Street. — The manufacture of pottery is one of the oldest 
arts that has been handed down to us. It seems lo have been, in ages 
almost prehistoric, followed by people almost emerging from a state of 
semi-civilisation, evidence of which we see in the crude designs of earthen- 
ware that have been discovered in the ruins of many ancient cities. The 
art seems to have been an universal one. We have evidence that it 
flourished in Eg)'pt over two thousand years ago, as in India ; and we 
have more reason now for believing, from late antiquarian research, that the 
designing and modelling of beautiful earthen ve-sels were pr.ictised by the 
extinct people of southern Mexico long before the existence of the Western 
world was dreamt of. In the Ireland of the past this art was one of the 
principal manufactures that, with education and piety, won for our people, 
among the less civil sed nations of the Continent, the name of being a 
most artistic and cultured pe 'ple. The pottery est.iblishnient of Mr. 
Vodrey is the only representative firm in this line in Dublin that has 
upheld the name and fame of the citizens in the ceramic art. Earthen- 
ware, faience, and porcelain may be seen in Mr. Vndrey's splendid shop 
and warerooms in Mary Street. The tirst kind, earthenware, is the oldest 




desc iption of potterj', and in this branch we seldom see the designs of 
ancient Greece or Rome equalled, though Mr. Vodrey can show specimens 
of ware that fully eqaal in richness of colour and beauty of design the 
style and manufacture of the ancients. The second kind, faience, is 
earthenware covered with enamel or glaze. This product of the potter's 
wheel is to be seen in variety in this cstabli'-hmcnt also. The third branch, 
porcelain, owing to the world-famed manufactures of lielli'ek, has acquired 
an unprecedented popularity of late yea'S, and in the display shown at 
Mr. Vodrty's, we have no hesitation in saying beauty rivals originality of 
design. The maiked revival which of recent years has t.aken place in the 
potter's art, is but the outcome of enterprise and energy on the part of Mr. 
Vodrey, whose highly attractive warehouse and showrooms are in Mary 
Street, and whose wholesale establishment is located in the busy thorough- 
fare of Moore .Street. Both houses are fitted handsomely and replete with 
every acccssoi-y for the transaction of a large and increasing Iralc. The 
stock held is most valuable and comprehensive, and includes in the chief 
division, the pottery, exquisite reproductions of the works of the best 
masters, and of antiqu-; vases an 1 other vessels. In the china department 
there is a collection of antique, quaint designs in china and ceramic goods, 
as well as the modern styles of the same articles. All the goods shown 
arc excellent in their w.ay, and reasonably moderate in price. Mr. Vijdrey 
is well worthy of support, and wc are glad to know that the establishment 
receives a large and increasing share of public patronage. In its business 
arrangements, order and discipline characterise the transaction of every 
detail. An establishment that can look back on fifty years of commercial 
indusry and prosperity may be saiil to have deserved well of the country ; 
and we have no doubt that the success which accompanied the operations 
of the house in the pa>l, will Ik; inseparably allied to it in the future. In 
conclusion, we must add that Mr. Vo irey's house occujiics a mo~t promi- 
nent and a leading position in the front rank of the commercial interests 
of not only our city, but of our country. The managerial tluties devolve 
on Mr. Vodrey per-.oii,ally, and, it must be acknowledged, are, in their 
execution, all that courtesy and efliciency could recommend. 



The Clarence Family and ConimeTcial Hotel (Mr. F. 
Wlnewlser, proprietor). — I his is an old-established house, and one 
that has long been a favourite with visitors to Dublin. The Clareu'.e 
Family and Commercial Hotel and restaurant is situated on Wellington 
Quay, where it occupies premises of a very extensive and commodious 
description. The ho;el was established about fifty years ago, and since 
then, under the management of its respected proprietor, has been fortu- 
nate enough to secure a considerable amount of public support. The 
Clarence is one of the best known hotels in that part of the city in 
which it is placed, and bears a high name for the character of its accom- 
modation and for the excellent quality of its fare. The house alto- 
gether has sixty bed-rooms, a spacious and handsomely furnished coffee- 
room for larlies, a commercial-room, and a fine billiard-room. All the 
rooms throughout the house have been quite newly furnished, and oat 
of the sixty bedrooms forty-five are entirely new, having been built over 
the new and aHj.acent warehouses of Messrs. Dollard & Son. The arrange- 
ment of the entire hotel is very perfect, all the rooms being fitted with 
electric bells, and speaks volumes for the clever management and general 
business capacity of Mr. Winewiser. The attendance, so often a matter 
of bitter complaint with the visitors at hotels, is here simply perfect, and 
many larger, more fashionable and pretentious esiablishments might, 
in this particular at least, take a leaf, to use a homely figure of speech, out 
of the Clarence's book. Attached to the hotel itself is a h.andsome and 
elegantly fitted restaurant, which, like the house, is ably mannged, and 
is largely patronised by Dublin and country gentlemen, who find they 
can procure here an admirable and nicely-served luncheon or dinner at a 
very moderate price. In speaking of the attractions which the Clarence 
has to off^r to its customers, we must not forget to pay a passing tribute of 
praise to the excellence and superior quality of the wines furnished by its 
proprietor. The cellars of the Clarence Hotel have been stocked with an 
admirable supply of wines, in the laying dow-n of which Mr. Winewiser 
has spared neither capital or trouble. Buying oily from the most eminent 
firms in the wliole-ale wine trade Mr. Winewiser is able to thoroughly 
guarantee the excellent quality of the wines served at his tables, and at 
prices which, considering their superiority, can most fairly be termed 
moderate in the extreme. The stock consists of a rare assortment of 
tawny and old crusted ports, pale, dry, and golden sherries, Marsala, 
light French and Rhine wines, such as Chablis, Sauterne, Hockeimer, etc. ; 
clarets and Burgundy of the finest quality and body, as well as all the 
favourite brands of Champagne and .Moselle. With such attractions to 
offer to his guests, it is no wonder that the proprietor of the Clarence 
shjuld have been able to form the highly respectalile and important con- 
nection he has done, or that visitors should continue to patronise a house 
where their comforts are so well looked after. 



Mr. "White, Watch and Jewellery Establishment, 

88, Talbot Street. — Mr. White may be said to be a universal m-rcliant. 
He will equip you with a chronometer and chain, a wedding ring, or a gold 
seal. He will in turn buy from you as you have bought from him. or even 
without your buying from him. He purchases gold lace, false teeth, 
settings, medals, and epaulettes. It is scarcely necessary to reproduce 
these facts, for .Mr. White is a constant advertiser in the Dublin news- 
papers, and his business is known throughout Dublin. On going thrtiugh 
Mr. White's establishment we were especially struck with the elegance and 
exquisite finish of the articles of jewellery he keeps for sale. His diamonds 
are brilliants not in name only, and his watch chains are bo'h of rare 
artistic design and elegant workmanship. In these days of unlimited and 
unrestrained competition the excellence of a house of business is, in one 
particular, shown by the length of time during which it has been established. 
Mr. White may be said to he an ancient foundation, for his business has 
been established for the spice of eighteen years. Mr. White's large 
country trade is a prominent feature of his establishment. Every day, we 
may s.ay, he receives parcels of old gold, silver, and epaulettes from his 
country clients, and such is the confidence generally entertained in his 
judgment and fair dealing, that his customers very seldom stipulate before- 
hand on a price, but leave the matter entirely in the hands of Mr. White 
himself. This is high praise, and the .act speaks for itself. Mr. White 
invariably gives the highest price for goods forwarded for his approval, and 
this agreeable fact undoubtedly lies at ike very foundation of Mr. White's 
success. Agiin, to return to the large stock of jewellery kejit by Mr. 
White, we may mention that we have seen in his shop watches by the best 
makers, and of such workmanship as almost to defy wear and tear. 



V. Wade, Gentlemen's Hairdresser and Perfamer, 

3, Talbot riacf. -This compiralively new concern is splenilidly situate, I 
in Talbot I'lace, branching off Talbot Street, in the vicinity of the (Ireat 
Northern Railw.ay Terminus, and in the midst of a thickly-populated 
and thriving locality of the city. The estab ishment is beautifully lilted 
wilh all modern appliances necess.iry for conducting a highly select business. 
The hair-cutting saloon, a spacious and well-lighted apartment, is ex- 
cellently arranged in every detail. Here hair-cutting, shampooing, etc., 
are performed on all the modern principles of the art. In the perfumery 
department a very select st ck of the various specialities necessary is ke|)t, 
these articles being procured from the most eminent manufacturers. Atten- 
tion and experience is given lo another important item of his trade, that of 
grinding and setting of r.azors, which are turned out from .Mr. Wade's 
establishment in a manner giving the h ghe,t satisfaclioa to his numerous 
customers. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



loi 



J. SIcDowell, Practical Watchmaker and Jewaller, 19, 

Mary Sirccr, opivjsiiL-ToiliI, Uurns, .V Co. — 1 his is one of the most attrnolivc 
shops In Mary Street. The e^talilishment h.is a line exterior, with a 
froni.nge of twenty live feel, and the inside, incasiirini; nventy-fivc l>y forty- 
live, is very ca|>acious. and so nfTords Mr. McDowell the oppiriunily of 
having his manufactory beside his salerooms, which of course represenls a 




!=avin<j of much tim?. The number of h.inds cng.ajed by ^^r. McDowell in 
the manufacture of his goods, and in the repairing of injured or broken 
watches, clocks, chains, etc., is half-a-dozen, and they turn out their work 
in a most creditable manner. The exhibition of goods in the windows and 
in the cases fixed around ihe inside walls, shows a very high order of work- 
manship. Amongst the clocks, one specially notices a numb.-rof beautifully 
designed and exctlciilly finished marble and drawing-room ones resting 
under glass shades on embossed stands, whilst in other parts of the shop are 
displayed huntireds o*" others, var) ing in size from tlie large old-fashioned hall 
clocks down to the smallest and newest alarm clocks. Of watches, gold and 
silver, large and small, an extensive slock is always on hand, and tlie rings of 
every 'lescription at;d for every purpose seem indeed innumerable, while the 
prices attached to ihem arc as low as can be ob ained in any house in the city. 
A speciality is made of wediling and guard rings, a large selection sold by 
weight. The selection of lirooches, earrings, studs, snuff-boxes, i^erfumc and 
card c.ises, gold, silver, and hair chains, is also very fine. The house is now 
ten years established, and for the last five years has made a speciality of 
Connemara marble. This beautiiul stone is skilfully worked by Mr. 
McDowell into all kinds of ornaments, and his show of brooches, studs, etc., 
set with this marble is particularly beautiful, varied, and interesting. The 
shop is very neat and comfortable, and customers will receive the greatest 
attention both from Mr. McDowell and from his a-.sistants. 



William Meledy, Truiterer and Confectioner, 71, Dame 

Street. — There are few branches of trade combine I wliicii have of recent 
years met with greater success than that achieved by Mr. VVillianr .Meledy, 
iiuiterer and confectioner. This concern was established about six years 
ago, and is situated in a fairly good position for the extension of its 
trade. The house is well stocked with a very choice selection of the finest 
Iruits, both native and imported, which, in the summer se.ison more 
especially, are displayeil with great taste. In the other branch of the 
establishment will be foitnd a daily fresh supply of all kinds of pastry, 
tarts, buns, etc., and o'her light refreshments, which are all of the best 
quality. The price; charged are based upon a moderate scale, and great 
attention is paid to customers, who are waited upon with courtesy and 
civility. Mr. Meledy is an energetic and enterprising tradesman, and both 
departments of his flourishing little business bear evidence of being con- 
ducted in a sound, methodical, and thoroughly competent manner. Large 
or small orders receive equal attention, and are executed satisfactorily, and 
with punctuality and despatch. The trade of the house is chiefly among 
the inhabitants of the vicinity. Mr. Mels<ly, with the superior facilities at 
his command, is enabled to offer special advantages to customers, and 
seems to be building up a first-ckass connection. He is well known among 
a large number of tradesmen as an honourable artl upright man of 
business, whose integrity and courtesy on all occasions have secured the 
confidence of his customers, and the regard of those with whom he has any 
transactions. 

Patrick Tray nor, Bookseller, agand 30, Essex Quay.— .^sancw, 
but more especially as a second-hand book store, the establishment of Mr. 
Patrick Traynor stands admittedly without a rival in the capital of Ireland. 
Its position is, indeed, in some manner not all that could be wished, but .Mr. 
Traynor has made such excellent use of the opportunities it does possess, 
that this disadvantage is almost unnoticeable at a cursory glance from the 
outside, and entirely disappears once the threshold is crossed. In what a 
cosy, delightful, and interesting shop does not the visitor stand ! " liooks," 
says Bishop Hall, " are the l>cst companions ; they never change with each 
breath of wind. Friends may be h.kle, but a good book is constant to the 
end." If this be true — and all men have acknowledged how true it should 
be — in what company does not the student then find himself! He holds 
converse with all times and with all nations. The poets, the historians, and 



the orators of all ages and of c%'cry clime appeal to hi» fancy, engage his 
reason, or touch his passions. Kverjthing giK,<i in ihcm Contained is shared 
with him, and his life is brightened and hit strength confirmerl by the 
intercourse with' the great and virtuous of a long past lime, ^hould an 
antiquar)' chance— as riaily they ilo chance- to rc-acli Mr. Traynor'i 
premises, in what a collection of old ciliiions ami rare reprints would he 
not revel for hour after hour, his hobby acquiring a deeper hoi 1 on him on 
account of the more than ailequate material Willi wlpch it is here supplied 
and fed ! So Mr. Traynor 's shop does an equally extended business in the 
rare, as well as the sometimes more useful though less ancient work with 
which it is fillcil even to overflowing. A special feature, ami one which 
rieserves special sup|>ort, is the <le|iarlmcnt in which arc exhibited Irish 
books only. The collection of ihcsc latter is the largest in the c.ty, and the 
catalogue of this section extends to more than sixty closely printed pages. 
It is plexsant to notice the widespread business done by Mr. Traynor, but 
were it even doubled, it would only be what he so eminently deserves by 
his endless care and attention, and courtesy to his patrons and customers. 

Madame Adele Margotti, Natoralist. 8, Grafton Street- 
One way of spending a pleasant half-hour in Dublin, and at the same 
time of adding to one's knowledge of na'ural history, is by passing it 
.amongst the inhab tants for the time being of Madame .\rlele Margotli's 
interesting coll. ciion of foreign and English birds of all sorts, sizts, and 
descriptions. M.adame Margotli, who carries on Ihe vocation of a natu- 
r.alist at the above address, has been established there but three years. 
Even in that short space of time she has acquired a considerable reputa- 
tion, and h.as in her < niploy no less than ten assistants, who do not s|iend 
an idle life, but are kept well employed in looking after the wants of the 
feathered tribes placed under their care. A stranger passing by is always 
welcome to walk in and examine the various birds for sale, and it seldom 
happens that he rlcparts without making a purchase of some kind or the 
other. Ma'ame .M irgotti takes a great interest in all her charges, being 
well informed as to their different habits and their peculiar idio.>yncrasiss. 
She will expatiate on the beauties of this bird, the cleverness of that, the 
tricks of another, and so on. Indeed, no one can spend a quarter of an 
hour with Madame, when on her pet subject, without feeling that his own 
stock of knowledge has been increased. Madame Margoiti has already a 
laige connection to boast of, and one which is on the increa.se, certainly 
not on the decline. Her clienls, amongst whom can be numbered both 
sexes, are invariably so well pleased that they are only too glad to rccom- 
rnend her to their other friends and ac-;iiainiances. It is by ste,ady atten- 
tion to business aid carefully attendin ; to her patrons' requirements that 
Madame has built up her business to the extent she has done, and there is 
no doubt but that it will grow l.irger year by year. There is no special 
line that she goes in for. unless it is c-inarics. She keeps the finest songsters 
that are inqiorted from Germany, the sweetest warblers from the famed HarU 
Mountains. You can hear these beautiful singing birds at her establishment, 
and will be delighted to listen to their mellow nightingale, water-bubble, 
and woodlark notes. As already said, one can find binls of all sorts and 
from all countries : finches, canaries, thrushes, love-birds, parrots, lar'KS. 
If .Madame does not happen to have exactly what you want, she will ^_ja 
obtain it for you, and no reasonable being can surely expect more. 



G. B,. Pemberton, Boot and Shoe Manufactnrer. 34, Mary 

Street. — Dublin has long been noted as one of the most impririant centres of 
thebootmanufacturingin lustiy, andjust'ywon the highest possible reputation 
for the superior quality of these goods. A prominint establishment in this 
line is that carried on at 34, Mary Street, by Mr. G. R. Pemberton. This 
concern was founded by the present proprietor about twenty-seven years 
ago. The concern is situated in one ol the b st streets in the city — a 
thoroughfare where business is specially cen rjlised. The shop is suitably 
arranged in adaptation to a warehouse, counting-house, and show-rooms. 
Mr. I'emberton keeps a large staff of workmen employed in the manufacture 
of hand-stitched boots for ladies', gentlenu-n's. and children's wear, and for 
the excellence of these, this house bears a high reputation. The proprietor 
imports largely, as a speciality of its trade, French lioots and shoes from the 
most celebrated manufacturing houses, .and an extens.ve slock of these 
clioice goods is always to be found at the establishment. The concern is 
thoroughly prosperous and is under the special supervision of the proprietor, 
a man of hi^h qualifications, who has a well-known and justly deserved 
reputation in ciiy circles as an cntei prising manufacturer. 



Urs. Anne Dillon, General Provision Store, 117, Great 
Britain .S reel. — One of the most important tr.rdesin Dublin is that connected 
with the supply of provisions. .-Vnd in this connexion we must not forget 
to mention the general provision warehouse of Mrs. Anne Dillon, though 
only eight years 111 the trade. This house has long occupied a prominent 
position ; situated at the end of Great llntain Sireet, and only one door 
removed from Lower Gardiner Sireet, in the busiest part of the city, it will 
be seen at once that it is in an exceptionally advan .ageous position, com- 
maniling as it does the major portion of the provision business of the 
neighbourhoo I. It has an elegant fronMge, and readily catches the eye ol 
the casual p.isser-by. There is a constant supply of all sorts of beef, to he 
had here daily, besides which there is also in stock a large quantity of oats, 
bran, Indian in -al, and flour. Every ariicle necessary in the trade is 
stocked, and a speciality is made oi Limerick bacon and fresh butter. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Mathew Kelioe & Son, Ham and Bacon Curers, lard 
Refiners, and Export Merchants, loo, Francis Street, and 13, 14, and 

15, ^pitaliields. — In a country like Ireland, devoted so extensively to the 
producing not only of unexcelled liquors, but the jiurest of edibles, the ham 
and bacon curer and lard refiner is hap^iily supplied with a valuable and 
higiily remunerative field to prosecute his calling. In this connectioii there 
is no happier illustration of unerring judgment and persistent application 
than thai which is found in the recapitulation of the justly-earned successes 
in the commercial world which have attended the fortunes of the world • 
famed establishment controlled by .Messrs. Mathew Kehoe & Son, situated in 
the bu>y thoroughfare of Fiancis Street, Dublin. For a peiiod extending over 
sixty years this concern has played an active and highly-impor'ant part in 
the iriding interests of Dublin,' and it is a pleasure to find it to-day in the 
21-nith of its prosperity. At present there is no house in the metropolis 
which occupies such a reputable position in its line, nor one that has done 
more to inculcate by force of example that the Irish people can by 
at'pHcation to business attain the highest positim in the commercial affairs 
of (he wcrll. The premises occupied by this firm are outwardly an 
archi.t. ctural ornament to th:! district in which they are located. A 
splendid frontage of white Irish gr.tnite first attract^ tlie visitor to view the 
interior. Entering a wide gate, he finds on the left a handsome counting- 
hou-e, well appointed, at the rear of which is Mr. L. Kehoe's private office, 
under which are many spacious cellars, used for storing rooms on account of 
theircoolness. Proceeding from the offices to an immense warehouse, used for 
packing and general purposes, we see on every hand indications of a business 
done that knows no riv.al outside the "Green Isle." Half-way up this 
department is a large side entrance, which leads to the well-furnished 
s'ables. To the left of this space many smoking-rooms are located, at the 
end of which is a staircase leading to many more departments devoted to 
trimming and preparing of hams. Descending from the latter, we reach 
the bottom of the first division of the premises and enter the second, which 
was formerly devoted to slaughtering of pigs, but is now used as a store- 
ho.ise. On the left hand of this division, and annexed to it, is the engine- 
room, filled up with the mt st modern and improved machinery, liy 
Toniifex & Wood, London, for chilling the pigs and regulating the 
temperature to the necessary point in the curing departments. Another 
division on this floor is that allotted to the rendering of l.ard, a commodity 
ttat has in itself brought a good reputation on the operations of the house. 
Leiore quitting the departments on the ground floor, we noticed that the 
utmost cleanliness characterised every feature of the operations, from the 
concrete fiooring to the most improved rooting. At the rear of this 
department in Spital fields is the wide entrance (or the pigs, leading to a 
flight of stairs that reaches to the slaughter-house. The latter, like the 
ground floor divisions, is concreted, well drained, and, considering the 
nature of the business, perfectly clean. Attached to it by a second flight 
o, stairs, is another large departmen-, used as a store space to accommodate 
an overtlow of live stock. The slaughter-room is connected by shoots 
with the bottom departments, through which the diflerent parts of the pigs, 
such as sides, hams, etc., are sent direct to their respective divisions to be 
cure-i. The space at our command will not allow us to give a more 
detailed sketch of the premises, and consequently we mutit proceed to give 
some idea of the business transacted. The superiority of Irish bacons and 
hams is acknowledged all over the world, and in particular the products 
of this house have attained a good notoriety. Messrs. Kehoe & Son not 
only have a most influential connection amongst traders and provision 
merchants throughout Ireland and the metroijolis, but also export to 
England, Scotland, and the Continental markets, w^herein they get the 
v<T>' highest price for their manufactures. In evidence of the excellence 
of their goods, we may mention that though a host of competitors exhibited 
at the late Iiidustrial Exhibition, l!»S2, held in Dublin, Messrs. Kehoe's 
house (with two exceptions) was the only establishment in the line of 
business to whom a gold medal was awarded. In concluding this sketch, 
we must give the credit of the success that has been achieved in business 
to Mr. Laurence Kehoe, whose v\'hole desire is to raise his house to the 
highest level, an end that he has worthily acco nplished, and a position of 
prominence that we have no doubt he will ably sustain and cnhan'ic in Uie 
luture. 



Boucllier & Bailey, Drapers, 4*^ ami 49, Thomas Street. — ^This 
firm, whose reputation is more than a local one, have now been estab- 
lished ihirly-five years in these p'emises, and the f.ict that in the race for 
the patronage of the Dublin public they have ever K-ld a foremost position 
among their more youthful rivals an 1 competitors, speiks well for the 
merits alike of the management and the house. The two buildings, 48 and 
49. have been united, and present to the stieet a fionlnge "( above forty 
feel. The sho]) is of large proportions, and reaches back a distance of sixty 
feet, and the ample space thus provided allows of the division of the concern 
into various departments, cich with its proper counter. Fancy dresses, 
cashmeres, and miscellaneous stuffs make up the first and not the least 
jntcresiing section, for the materials here set out are such as would l>e 
difficult to be excelled, either in originality of pattern, piclureBr|neniss, 
and artistic taste of colouring, or excellence of make and finish. Handker- 
chiefs and shawls form another department, as do flannels, blanketfi, 
quilts ; table-linen, licks ; calicoes and checks ; twec<ls, friezes, and mole- 
skins ; hosiery and gloves ; hats, caps, and shirts ; millinery and flowers ; 
and trimmings and underclothing. At all the counters are to be found 
shopmen who know their bui-incss in the most thorough manner. The 



connection, too, is all that could be desired, and no matter from what point 
of view the house is taken, it will be found to possess every happy circum- 
stance that could advance its success and prosperity. 



Lawrence & Son, PhotogT.iph.ers, Jewellers, Toy 

Importers, etc., 5 and 7, U}ipcr Sack\'ille .Street. — The large establish- 
ments, 5 and 7, L'ppcr SackviUe Street, the destinies of which are so very 
successlully guided by Mr. W. Lawrence, may well boast of being the 
leading houses of their kind in the Irish metropolis. The establishment of 
those concerns dates back more than half a century, and since that date 
iticy have made rapid and unfaltering advances in the countenance and 
gO'jdwiU of the general public. The premises occupied are two splendid 
establiMhments in the most fashionable street in the metropolis, comprising 
Nos. 5 and 7, Upper Sackville Street, extending to Tyrone Place, and 
occupying the rear of Nos. S, 7, 6, 5, and 4, Sackville Street. The 
house No. 7 is engaged in the sale of jewellery, games, and toys. To the 
jewedeiy division is devoted one window, to the games and toys another. 
In the window to the left of the swinging glass doors is contained a 
selection of jewellery, which for novelty of design, neatne-s of finish, and 
general excellence it would be difficult to match in any other house in the 
city. In this window, without doubt, the chief feature is the display of 
articles made from Irish bog-oak and Connemara niaible. In the window 
to the right are exhibited the various toys and games, in the sale or stock 
of which Lawrences' stand unrivalled. In the stocks held within are the 
most attractive articles of jewellery, both useful and ornamental, as well as 
a variety of cricket goods, footballs, tennis outfits, outdoor and indoo- games 
of all sorts, including a splendid assortment of toys bought in the Pari^'an 
and German markets, which Mr. Lawrence perso ally attends. The 
comprehensiveness and magnitude of the stocks in both departments allow 
room for even the most exacting to fully satisfy himself. A branch of 
business that is all-important in itself is the Christmas-card trade which is 
carried on during the festive season of Vule-tide. In connection with this 
department a great number of ham's are empl >yed the whole year-round, 
painting the popular hand-painted cards ; and so great is the proficiency of 
these artists that they are not only able to earn a good return, but 
Mr. Lawrence is able to supply the market at the cheapest rate. At No. 5 
is carried on the photographic business, and there can be no wonder at the 
immense numbers who patronise ilr. Lawrence's studio, when the excellent 
photos daily taken are once seen. The portrait studio is handsomely 
appointed. It has the advantage of being placed on the first floor, so 
that the clicnt'cU need not, as in other studios, have to climb to the top 
of the house. Attached to it are .spacious and comfortrble dressing and 
reception-rooms. In connection with the view department this establish- 
ment has two hundred agents in every part of Ireland, including Killarney, 
Cork, Giants' Causeway, and all the places of interest, so that the valuable 
stock of photographs and views of the scenery and antiquities of our country 
is well kept up. .Some idea will be had of the valuable nature of the 
stock held here when it is stated that the view neguives of Irish scenery 
alone number 10,000. The splendid specimens of cabinets ard large-size 
photos in the windows of this establishment comprise accurate pictures of 
' the leading politicians, actresses, clergymen, and of Irish scenery, and 
must be seen for the perfection reached in th s art to be appreciated. The 
connection enjoyed by both houses is most widespread and influential. The 
onerous duty of managing the entire concern devolves on th ■ proprietor, 
who discharges it with ability and energy, and who is socially as w.ell as 
commercially respected. 



James Doyle, Tea, Wine, and Spirit Merchant, 83, 

North King Street. — Of all the farms which commercial activity assumes 
there is scarcely any which is of more importance to the community than 
the grocery trade. In the city of Dublin this trade readies its fullest 
development, for we find there not only at least one grocery store in every 
street but very often two or three. There are few houses, however, in the 
tr.ade which can show a longer or more honourable record than that of 
Mr. James Doyle, of 83, Nonh King Street. The large and commodious 
premises in which this business has been carried on lor more than three- 
quarters of a century are well fitted up, and are thoroughly adapted to the 
extensive trade in which Mr. Boyle is eng.aged. All the staple articles of 
the trade m.iy be obtained here, in all quantities, of the best quality, and 
at the most moderate prices. The tea and colTee, imjiorted especially for 
Mr. Doyle by the most reliable agents in the Eist India and China trade, 
cannot be surpassed by any other house in the tiade. For certain special 
mixtures of tea this house is justly and deservedly noted. A leading 
feature of Mr. Doyle's business is his old brandy, ami seven years old white 
whisky. Guinncss's porter, of world-wide reputation, and Bass's ale of 
equally wide-pread renown, .are kept in sock, in wood and bottle, and in 
excellent condition; sherry, port, and claret als j receive a due amount of 
attention. An efticient and pclite staff of assistants is retained here in 
ordti to meet the requirements and tar y out the wishes of customers. A 
number of porters are also employed in the executive work of ilistributing 
in vaiious jwrls of the town articles ordered during the day. The business 
of this house, which is extremely large, is c .1 fine 1 exclusively to the city 
and suburbs of Dublin. Mr. Doyle is regarded by all who know him .as 
being a thoroughly stiaightforward and hnnourable man of business, and he 
is accordingly much respected and esteemed by a numerous and influential. 
circle uf customers and acquaiQtances, 



INDUSTRIKS OF DUBLIN. 



^°y 



The Reliance Mutual Life Assurance Society, 48. Upper 

SacUville Sticcl.— Amoni; tlic many liiglily rtspccIaMc a^suiaiico siicieiics, 
llicrc is none whose nierils have been moic fully recognised or which has 
reciiveil a larger share ol public supp irt than the olil-e-lalilishe<l associalion 
which forms the subject of our present notice. Uealini; as we have to in .-i 
publication of this Jc-criplion with every branch anil phase of commercia 
lilc, no review of the various assurance companies or associations represented 
in, ami forming part of, the commercial activity of Dublin, woulil be to any 
extent complete which omitted mention of the Ueliance Mutual Life 
Assurance Society. This old-establislied society was founded in 1S40, aiid 
during the nearly half a century thai has elapsed since then, has, by its 
honourab'e and generous treatment of its policy-holders, "deserved well of 
the countiy." Mutual life assuran. e is a system by which a number of 
persons through the payment of yearly inslalincnLs in the shape of premiums 
on the policy they individually hold, secure the formation of a large genera' 
fund, from which the representatives of the assured receive after his or her 
death a certain specified sum of money. Owing to this mutual character 
of ihc association, there are no shar holders in the cmpany among whom 
the profits arising from the invested capit.d would have to be shared ; and 
all those profits arc therefore, after the payment of the working expenses, 
devoted to the uses of the policy-hoMers themselves. Here, however, a 
most important fact has to be stated, 1 amely, that, although the assured are 
thus made participators in the profits, tliey are under no other liability than 
the payment of their yearly stipulated preiiii ms. This limitation is secured 
in the deed of settlement as well as by a special clause in the policy held. 
Acting on the jrudent system, now gener.dly adopted by similar institutions, 
the financial position of the society is subjected to an annial investit;ation, 
and the result published for the ini'ormation of those interested in the well- 
being of the association, livery fi.e \enrs the surplus accumulated fund is 
divided among the participiting policy-hol lers, less a certain sum retained 
to meet unexpected losses or increast d death-rate for a similar period of 
succeeding years. The list of names of ihe gentlemen forming the trustees 
and board of direction, includes names of gentlemen moving in the highest 
social and commercial positions, and whusc connection alone with the society 
is a guarantee, if such were wanted, of the hoiiA-fuie character and respec- 
tability of the society. The trustees are The Right Hon. the Karl of Leven 
and Melville, and >'. M. Tufnell, r sq. ; while the directors include names 
as distinguished as those of J. T. Ab 7, Esq., of High Beech, Loughton ; 
The lion. Ib-nry Petre, of Springfield Place; J. Traill, Esq.; A. How- 
den, Esq. ; Thos. Kykyn, Esq., ami others of equal standing and respecta- 
bility. 1 he principal office of this old established assurance society is at 
71, king William Street, London, E.C., while it possesses another branch 
in the West End, and several thiough'iu' the country, notably at Glasgow, 
Manchester, Liverpool, P.irniinghani, Hristol, Chelmsford, and last, although 
not least, Dublin. It is of course pariicularly with this Irish branch we are 
principally concerned here, and w.th the past history and future prospects 
of the society in this country. As regards the former, we may say in a 
word, that its history in London and the provinces is the record of an un- 
broken success extending over eight-and-iorty years, and which supplies the 
most favourable testimony as to tlic re ogniiion by the Irish people of the 
usefulness and benefit arising out of its establishment in their midst. The 
office of the Dublin branch occupies veiy handsome premises at 4S, Upper 
Sackville Street, and has been for many years under the cfiicient control of 
the highly respected resident secret.iry, .Mr. J. Mcblane, a gentleman 
widely popular and univcrs.illy respected among all classes of 1 )u.'ilin citizens. 
As regards the future prospects ol the socieiy, there cannot be much room 
for doubt ; and we shall only be too happy, if, through the medium of this 
short notice, we are enabled in any way to further spread the knowle'ge of 
the useful and profitable nature of the advantages the Reliance Mutual 
Assurance Society have to offer. In ca>ting our eyes over the excellent 
little pamphlet published by the directors, we came across certain pieces of 
inforiration regarding the method of conducting the business of the suciety 
which we make no apology to our readers lor quoting. " Each member on 
first sharing in the bonus can choose either ol the following methods of 
appropriation : I. Increasing the amount a-sured by a sum piyable at 
death. 2. By permanently reducing the annual premium payable on his 
policy, so that, in course of time, after successive divisions of piofits, the 
demand for premiums may be extingui^hed. 3. By a payment in cash of 
the present value of the bonus. 4. By converting the assurance p.ayable at 
death into one payable also at a specitied age, if death shall not have 
happened, each allotment of bonus brnging nearer the time when the 
assurance becomes payable." Now, this latier method seems to us to be 
one which is peculiar to the society under our notice ; though vc cannot 
say it positively is so or not. Itns certainiy not as general as the three 
precceding options offered to the pol cy-holder, which are pretty j;eneially 
afforded by other companies ; but, at any rate, it will be admitted to be a 
most distinct and palpable advant. ge. 



Messrs. Booth & Son, Watch and Clock Manu- 
facturers, 4, -St. Stephen's Green. N.— (.^ne of the most impirlant 
houses in the flourishing watch and clock making trade in Dublin 
is that of Messrs. J. Booth & Son. E tabli hed betwien fi ty iin.l 
sixty years ago, this house almost fmm its commencement achieved a 
considerable reputation, and one which, dur ng the long icriod c'apsing 
since its inception, it has well man taii^ed. Messrs. Booth & Son occupy 
liandsome premises at the address above given, which is quite clos r to 
Grafton Suect, one of the most lasnion^ble business itreeis in the city, 



and are fitted up in a manner befitting the old name, and presrnt dis- 
linguislij I pi.ition of th; houic. Tiic connection (ormed by .Mo'.rs. 
Booth IS both large and influential, their patrons being per^jni who move 
in the highest soeial circles in the metropolis, as well as iiiiny of the country 
gentry. The chief manufactures of the house arc turret clu:ks, which arc 
turned out well designed, displaying much taste, and receiving a very large 
share of iniblic attention and i>atronage. 'I'hesc obtained Ihc only pri/.c 
medal awarded to turret clocks at the International Exhibiti' ns held in 
Dublin in the years i8fj5 and 1S72. A speciality of this establishment is 
the repairing of watches and clocks, which is executed in the l»cst 
manner, and at which a large number ol hands are kept constantly engagcil. 
In thiii dep.artinent, as in the other, the greatest satisfaction Iras ever liccn 
given, and all orders received are attended to with punctuality and prompti- 
tude, in addition to being done in Ihe most durable and admirable manner. 
The business transactions in their entirety are performed with pirfection in 
method and courtesy in .attention. In conclusion, we can only add that 
the proprietors integrity and ability have raised his establishment to the 
higliest status ol the trade which he so worthily represents in our annals 
of industrial Dublin. 

SuUiran Bros., Educational Publishers, 2'j and 27, Marl- 
borough Sluet. — The huu.ic of .Me>srs. Siiiliian liros. is, without doubt, one 
of the leading establishments in its own hne. It lias been establi,hed for a 
considerable numlier of years, having been foumled in 1S54. During those 
thirty-five years the house has gained a very high reputation for the manner 
in which its business is conducted. The firm's business is a very large one, 
with a very important and widespread connection. Us relations are not by 
any means cimliiied to Dublin and its vicinity, for it is in good re|)ute through- 
out the provinces. The premises are placed in a decidedly g^iod position, 
being within a few doors of the National Tjaining Schools, and nearly 
opposite to the .Marlborough Street Roman Catholic Cathedral. The shop 
is most capacious and handsomely fitted up in the most substantial way. 
The stock-in-trade consists ol a splendid collection of books and educational 
appliances of every description. The speciality of this h juse is the educa- 
tional and school books pablished by them. Several works by Dr. Robert 
Sullivan .ire issued by them. These are all on the list of pubhcations 
sanctioned by the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland ; and 
they are also extensively in use throughout England, the Colonies, and 
India. Messrs. Sullivan Bros, also carry on tiie trade of bookbinders 
and school furniture manufacturers, for which they employ the most skilled 
and experienced workmen that can be obtained. The business of tliis firm 
is mmaged entirely by the ISrothers Sulliv.an, who personally supervise the 
working of the ditTerent departments. Everything is so well ordered and 
planned out that all orders arc fulfilled and carried out in the most 
methodical manner, and to the satisfaction of their numerous customers 
and patrons, 

Professor F. de Pinna, Artist, PhotDgrapher, and 

Professor of Mus'.c, 24, Lppei ,'^ackville Street. — We have much plex-.ure 
in calling atteiui.jii to the uletiir of Mr. F. de Pinna, artist and photo- 
grapher, which is situated at the above addre-s. The premises occupied 
by this gentleman are situated over the well-known boot-making establish- 
ment of Mr. P. J. Sohan, and are very tastefully titled with all the modern 
requirements of the jihotographer's art. Protcssor de Pinna has already 
secureil a very respectable and numerous connection, and has achieved, in 
whit is a marvellously short time, a high reputation among all ckasses of the 
Dublin public for the excellent finish and style of his photographic pictures. 
In prices the charges may be broadly said to be about half h hat are charged 
in other first-class houses. There is the greatest p.-ssible difference between 
being able to take a good picture in the studio and one out of doors— the 
ligiit and other conditions being alteicd, require the exercise of skill and 
judgment guided by long experience. Here, however. Professor de Pinna 
is eiiually at home, and on visiting his atJi r one is lost which moa to 
aiinire, the beauty of his indoor subjects, or the excellence of his outdoor 
views and groups. The professor employs four experience-d artists, who 
never fail 111 rendering the fullest satisfaction. Besides the photographic 
line, Professor de Pinna adds the somewhat unusual calling of Professor of 
Alusic to his other accomplishments. 



Mark Hanlon, Tailor, 27, Lower Gardiner Street — Thirty-seven 
years ai; 1 .Mr Mark llaalmi opened, at 5, .Mabbot .street, a tailoring estab- 
lishment, which for over three decades held a unifoim and honourable 
record for first-class wor -inanship, excellence of material, and punctuality 
of delivery. It is .Mr. H.anlon's very justifiable jiride to be known .is a 
]iiacticd tailor, and he certainly proves by his mastery of detail that he 
thor.iughly deserves the appellation. A short time .ago Mr. ilanlon re- 
moved from .Mabbot Street to his present address. Though he employs an 
efficient and painstaking staff ol assistants, -Mr. Hanlon 's attention to 
business and constant rush of trade do not prevent him from giving personal 
.attention to every customer ; indeed, as it is his pride to be practical, it is 
his pia.tice to be part cular in seeing that every detail is properly atteiKled 
to, and that no one who entrusts to him an oider, however .small," shall 
have any just cause of complaint. Mr. Ilanloa supplies his customers with 
the b St i.at rials, and has in hand som- exquisite samples of Irish, Scotch, 
and West of Eiig and tweeds and seiges. lie h.-»s also some very nice 
things in black twilled cloths and crepe, whch are much admired. 



104 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Bernard Gorevan, Wholesale aud Setail Draper and 
Contractor, 104 ami 105, James Street. — A prominent and much 
patronised house in its own particular line is that controlled by Mr. B. 
Gorevan. It has been before the public a considerable time having been 
established eighteen years. It has always held a leading position amongst 
its contemporaries in the city in the same trade, and can at the present 
time bo.ist of an influential and widespread connection amongst the 
residents in the city and suburbs. The premises in which the business is 
carried on were formerly well known as an inn known by the name of 
"The Three Blackbirds." The present proprietor took them and entirely 
rebuilt them for their present use. The house is large and commodious, the 
shop having the capital front.-ige of forty feet, and a depth of fifty feet 
from front to rear. It is handsomely fitted up with good counters, shelves, 
and show-cases, and seats for customers. The window is always well 
dressed with silks, mantles, m'.llinery, and dresses, most tastefully arranged. 
The stock is large and extensive, and includes all kinds of millinery, 
dresses, costumes, drapery and haberdashery, all of the best materials and 
workmanship, and at prices which will compare most favourably with 
those of any other house in the same line. Several young ladies are 
employed as assistants in the shop. The business is personally managed 
by .Mr. Gorevan, who is well known as an able and practical man. He is 
most courteous and attentive to all customers, and for his strict integrity in 
business is widely esteeme 1. In addition to a numerous and widespread 
connection, the house holds contracts from the North and South Dublin 
Unions, also the Hibernian Military Schools. Another branch of the 
business is the Post-office, which is well conducted, and it has in connection 
a savings lank. The wholesale business is carried on in a spacious gallery 
over the shop, and dressmaking is extensively carried on in another portion 
of the building. In its entirety the business is conducted methodically 
and energetically. 

Ada Teates & Sisters (successors to Wilkinson), Law 

StatlODCrs, etc., 74. I'ame Street. — This firmof stamp-telailers, scriveners, 
printers, law stationers, and agents, in its own particular line is facile 
prinets, a position which it seems destined to maintain under its present 
splendid management. The house was originally established in the year 
178S. The area and extent of its operations are ever on the increase 
amongst firms of high standing and respectability, whose confidence the 
firm can justly claim to have gained. The management of the business is 
in the hands of Miss Ada Yeates and her sisters, who are most zealous and 
active in superintending all the various orders that have to be carried out. 
Miss Yeates and her sisters have a practical and technical knowledge of the 
requirements of their trade, and are consequently not obliged to leave the 
management of anyihing in the hands of foremen. In the scrivenery 
branch, where a staff of competent lady clerks are employed, deeds, wills, 
memorials, leases, abs'racis of title, schedules, etc., will be correctly and 
expeditiously engiossed at reasonable fixed prices, and memoiials of deeds 
drafted for registration. Lease maps and architects' plans, drawn by 
experienced draugh'.swomen on the piemises, will be most accurately done. 
Court searches will also be made. There is a large and varied assortment 
of accoant-bojks. Acts of Parliament, and lawbooks usually in demand. 
The general stationery includes law-jjaper, note-paper, envelopes, etc., all 
of the best quality, at low prices. The house is licensed to sell the various 
legil and commercial stamps, impressed and adhesive, a large stock of which 
is always kept. County-court and comtnon-law forms, etc., are printed with 
solicitor's name and special title when required ; also biiefs, affidavits, 
memorials, conveyances, session lis's, and every description of law and 
general pri.Tiing, including heading no'.epap^r and printing and engraving 
visiting cards, at moderate charges. The .Misses Veaies are constantly 
receivmg tesiimoni-ils, written in glowing terms and bestowing high praise, 
from solicitors, justices of the peace, and other influential people. They are 
noted lor their punctuality, and lor the neatness and accuracy of their work. 

Mrs. Morphy, Watch Mannfactnrer, 25, Amiens Street. — 

A well-known and liii^hiy successful busuiess in the watchmaking line is 
that carried on by Mrs. Murphy at the above adilress. This first-class 
establishment was founded by the la:e Mr. Jeffiey Murphy, husband to the 
present enterprising proprietress, and wh > had for many years been 
engaged at the celel)raled watch and clock making establishment of 
Mr. Donegan. The present houss was built and opened as a lirst-class 
establishment in 1871. The prem scs. which are about eighteen (eet 
square (not including workshops), are most tastefully and elaliorately fitted 
throughout, and contain a large, valuable, and attractive stock of clocks 
and watches. The establishment is conducted under the able management 
of Mr. Armstrong, who continues to devote unccising attcnti m to every 
detail of the business, and to whose skilful experience and sound business 
capabilities the house owes no small measure of its success. The connec- 
tion formed by this establishment during the seventeen years it has now 
been succc-sfully before the public, is very widespread in its char-acter, 
and includes the names of many persons moving in the most intluenlial 
circles of society in Dublin. The stock which, as we have said, is large 
and valuible, is comprised o'a choice collection of watches and clocks, all 
distinguished V<y the most perfect workmanship, and fully c<|ual in all 
csscniral details to the best work that can be produced in any h juse, either 
English or fore gn. Some of the cloiks to be seen at Mrs. Murphy's 
<:slabli>hment arc adnrirable pieces of workmanship, and many are, more- 
over, most artistic and elaborate in their casings : we arc now alluding to 
what arc generally known as draw:ng-room clocks. There is also a very 



fine assortment of ladies' and gentlemen's gold and silver watches, some o( 
the former being, ag.iin, fully equal to those made in Paris, and displaying 
the greatest elegance and beauty. An enormous trade is done in all thes.: 
articles, the fame of the house being very considerable, and its productions 
being sent all over Iie'and. In the ordinary house-clock manufacture, 
another "big busness" — as our American cousins would term it — is also 
done, as well as in repairing, cleaning, and otherwise re-touching of clocks 
and watches alrea ly in use. A very important part of Mrs. Murphy's trade 
is, however, in supplying clocks to dift'erent lines of railway in Ireland, her 
house holding large contracts (or the supply of clocks to the difi"erent 
railway stations throughout the country. The establishment occupies a 
very advantageous site for business purposes, being situated directly 
opposite the Amiens Street Station of the Great Northern Railway of 
Ireland. The goods supplied have never failed to give the most complete 
satisfaction, and there is no doubt that, in the future, as in the past, the 
house will be able to keep itself well abreast of all its competitors. 

T. Larkin, Bootmaker, 71, Great Britnin Street. — A prominent 
and thoroughly repiesentalive house in connection with the great boot and 
shoe manuf.icturing industry of Dublin is that of Mr. T. Larkin, the well- 
known military and hunting-boot maker, who occujiies rather extensive 
premises at the above address. This important business was founded about 
twenty-four years ago, and its career has been marked by continuous and 
satisfactory commercial and industrial progress and development. The 
house stands today among the most notable manufacturing features of a 
busy and advancing vicinity. Mr. Larkin makes every description of 
boots, but confines his special attention to the manufacture of military and 
hunting-boots ; and the high reputation the house enjoys to-day has been 
earned in this particular branch of the trade. The premises are well 
situated, being opposite the Rotunda Hospital, and are rep'ete with every 
appliance that can tend to expedite the progress of the industry or remler 
the work produced better or more acceptable in character. Many 
workmen are constantly employed, who are skilled and practical 
operatives, which accounts for the satisfactory manner in which all the 
goods emerge from this establishment. The business is personally super- 
intended by the experienced, energetic, and enterprising proprietor, «ith 
a degree of ability that is conducive to a contrnuous expansion of its 
resources ; and the whole business of this pushing concern furnishes aa 
admirable illustration of the commercial advancement that m.ay be accom- 
plished by coupling superiority of production with managerial energy and 
judgment. None IJut superior goods are manufactured by this house, yet 
the prices are most reasonable, when the character of the workmanship is 
taken into consideration. The house has a good local tr.iile, and the 
connection includes miny of the gentry of the neighbourhood. .Ml orders 
are executed promp ly and in the best manner. With the lacilities at the 
command of .Mr. Larkin, he is enabled to offer special advantages to 
customers, and to treat them with liberality and fair-iiealing. Mr. Larkin 
is a gentleman who is greatly respected in commercial circles for his 
integrity and upright business principles, while by his courtesy and 
reliability he has gained the esteem and confidence of his large and 
influential circle of patrons. Mr. Larkin is also the owner of a tobacco- 
nist's business which is doing a good trade, and has been established seveu 
years, being located at 7 1 A, Great Brit.ain Street. 

John O'Longhlin, Druggist and General Snndryman. 

58, Francis Street. — .Vlthough Francis Street lia.> fallen from the position it 
once could boast of, it still retains many commerci.al establishments of which 
any thoroaghfare in any city might well be proud. Of such a character is the 
wholesale and retail drug store at No. 5S in this street. The establishment is 
owned by Mr. J. O'Loughlin, and this gentleman has managed it from its 
institution now nearly tiventy years back. The slock is most varied, and 
embraces all descriptions of medicinal drugs. In addition to this section 
there are others devoted to the sale of sundry articles for the artisan and the 
kitchen, the housekeeper and the bath. Oils, varnishes, and painters' 
colours are largely dealt in, the principal oils being hard, paraftine, coUa, 
olive, petroleum, brown rape, castor, lubricating, boiled, turpentine, and 
hanzoline. The varnishes have been carefully selected, and are much more 
durable besides being more pleasing and less evident to the eye than the 
more common descriptions. All kinds ofsoap, tallow, mottled, pale, brown, 
and scented, are in full stock, as are also such sundries as pepper, soda, 
pitch, cement, brushes, sponges, starch, blue, blacking, treacle, syrup, 
cocoa, and writing ink. As this is the only hjuse of its kind in the 
vicinity, its trade is very large. 

John English, Plumber, Gasfitter, and Tinsmith, 72, 

Queen Street. — It is a jileasnre to refer to a business house ol such long 
and creditable slmding as that presiileil over by Mr. John English, and 
devoted to the plumbing, g.isfitting, and tinsmith branches of industry. This 
house w.as founded thirty years ago, and has become noted for its excel- 
lence of work combined with motleration in charges. The stock hehl in 
the shop comjirises every item in the ironmongery and tinware line, brass 
fittings, etc. All kinds of work in his lines of tr.ade he executes in the 
bjst manner that could be desired. Four most coinj),- eat hnnils are 
employed. Mr. Knglish enjoys an exlen-ive and influential patronnge, 
and owing to his many years of practical experience has obtained an 
enviable notoriety for the frrst-class workmanship of the articles he turns 
out. Tiie greatest success has been attained, and the progress to be seen 
here evidences the laudable energy aid enterprise ol the propriet r. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



105 



Hodges & Sons, Manufacturing and Hous« rnmishing 
IronmoDRors. Sanitary and Bot Water Englnocri, Kitchen Fitters 
Kod Art Tllo Decorators. Marble Clilmnoy Ploco and Stovo Orate 

Uakers, 't>, Wc-Himh I.in4 > ud, ami 20 ai"l JI, Asliiii'> l^lii.iy. -Unc uf 
the olclol cs.iliUsht.-il (inns in ihe nia"ufactniin(j and house furnishing iron- 
moiij;ery lirif, is tli.n of Messrs. IIoilj;cs iV ^o^s, of 16, \V< s morcKimi 
.Sircet, which for over a ccnl'ny has enjoyed a pre-eminent position in this 
inipurtant biaiuh of trade. l-'uundcU so long a^o as 17.S0, ti'is well-known 




CCOKING APr.VRATUS. — NO. I. 

liouic has If n^ achievjtl the highest reputation in its particular line, and 
received thelargest share of public patronage it is po'sihle for a business 
house to enjoy. Willi all the improvements that have taken place witljin 
the last sixty years in-lKe sanitary arrangement of dwellings, and also in 
articles relating to culiiary operations, the name of Hodges & Sons has 
been closely and honouiably identilicd, probably no house in the trade 
having contributed more to the great development ttat has taken place in 
this branch of manufacluie. Messrs. Hodges & .Sons occupy must extensive 
premises at 16, Wesimoi eland Street, a branch estab- 
lishment being situated at 20 and 21, Aston's Quay, 
and an inspectinn of the enormous, valuable, an'l 
varied stock of goods there contained, will simply 
surprise any visitor unacquainted with the vast re- 
sources of the establishment. 

Messrs. Hodges & .Sons have earned a very high 
reputation as sanit.iry engineers, a calling which forms 
a very important branch of their business, and arc the 
inventors of Hodges & Sons' "Perfect Sanitaiy 
.System," which has been largely appieciaied and 
approved of by the mo^t learned experts in sanitary 
science. The system is simple and compar.itively not 
expensive, being easily .adapted to existing household 
arrarg.-ments. This proce-s ]>rocuics a perfect inter- 
cept!. ig system completely cutting off connection 
bctvveen main scvicrs and domestic diainage; the 
house drains being always empty, with thorough 
water flushing, and freely admitted and discharged 
current of fiesh air. A noticeable feature in this 
admirable arrangement, is that it is automatic in its 
action, and is obiained without having recourse to ex- 
pcn>ive apparatus, requiring constant inspection to 
secure its being in proper working ouier. This system 
has been widely used in modern house-, and the firm 
do a large and extensive business in its tilting, etc. 
The premises of the firm, which will well repay the 
trouble of a vi-it to anybody inteiested m such 
matters, are subdivided into nine spacous show- 
rooms, which have recently been much enlarged, and 
which contain a valuable stock of hardware goods, 
from the traditional " needle to the anchor." The 
immense stock is so admiral^ laid out. and with sucli 
perfect judyment, as to greaily facilit.ite the purchaser 
selection from among the various dejiartments. All the articles are «it the 
most superior quality, and are niaiked in plain figures, so that ihc 
unpleasantness of constant *' querying " as to the price oi ihis or Itiat is 
obviated. The stock consists of every description of ironmongery, uom 
the hugcst cooking apparatus capable of pieparmg u banquet for trom 
300 to 700 persons, to a saucepan thai will oidy boil a couple ol eggs ; and 
would take more space, we fear, than it is possilile for us to devote to it, 
even to convey an approximate ulea ot its magnitude and usel.iincss. 

We may, howrercr, briefly state that it comprises among otiicr ihinjjs a 



large and comprehensive assortment of brass and iron bcrkteails, grate*, 
sioves, anil rire-irons, garden seats, engines, fyringcs. anil other utcn^iU, 
a',;iiiulniral implements, gas chandeliers, brackets, and liall lamps, bath", 
oil lamps of every description, clectio-plalcd tea and coffee nrvires, 
electro spoons and forks, and arliele< of table cutlery, anil many trore 
hcleiogeneousoliiccls. The dc|)artinents devoted to the cooking ap|>aratus 
are very extensive, and comprise some wonderful inventions in this 
branch of manufacture. Wc were pariiculaily struck with the enormous 

Hodges' " Talent Central 
(ooking Apparatus," II feel 
long by 5 feet 6 inches 
bioad.andcapalileof cixjking 
for from 300 to 700 pet>ons. 
This magnificent apparatm 
is of course principally in- 
tended for use in hotels, 
liosjiiLals, barracks, or very 
large houses of business, and 
is a most admirable a.-.d 
coni]>rehensivc contrivance. 
Hoiiges' patent cen'ral 
cooking apparatus is suit- 
able for col'eges, hospitals, 
lunatic asyluws. . bariac'-.'^, 
workhouses, hotels, clubs, 
large houses of business, 
gentlemen's mansions ; and 
the smaller sizes can In.- 
adapted lor every class of 
hou-e. 

No. I Range is II feet 
long by 5 feet 6 inches wide, 
capable of cooking for from 
300 to 700 people ; consists 
of four roa'-ting chamben 
properly ventilated and fitted 
with double roastin;;pansand 
meat racks ; any or all of the;c are convertible into ovens lor the baking of 
briad, pastry, etc , when required ; two hot plates with movable rings and 
stopp.-rs, 5 feet 6 inches long each ; four large copper boilers with hinged 
covers (these may have steamers when .advisable); two wroughl-iron higli- 
pre-siirc boilers for heating hot water cisterns for scullery supply, or 
generating steam for steam cooking if needed ; a small fire, 12 inches wide 
at each end, keeps iht entire apparatus in full work {vit^f Testimonials). 
N. B. — Hot closet can be supplied wi h this range, to be set in or 




his 



COOKING ArPARAVU . — NO. 2. 

against wr.U, where underground flue meets chimney. These closets are 
maite 10 all si«s. 'I hose gener.ally in use, 5 feet by 4 feet, will he.it plates 
and dishes lor 400 people ; the waste heat Irom the range is thus utilised 
before entering chimney. 

Hodges' Talent Central Cooking Apjiaralus, No. 2 Range, is in every 
respect similar to No. i, except that it is only half the size, S feet 6 inches 
by S feet 6 inches, with but two roasters or ov,.ns, two copper boiling vesse's, 
and one wrought-iion high-pressure boiler. It will cixik lor from loo to 
2UO people. H«t closet, as previous description and quotation, can a'so be 
supplied and attached to this range, ibese ranges have been fixed in the 



io6 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



following buildings, as well as in several private mansions : Albert Model 
Farm, Glasnevin ; Boys' Home, Grand Canal Street ; Clongowes Wood 
College, Xaas ; College of St. Kicran, Kilkenny ; Her Majesty's Board of 
Public Works ; Holycross College, Clonliffe ; Rockwell College, Caiiir ; 
Ragged Schools, Coome ; St. Joseph's Seminary, Clondalkin ; The 
Monastery, Mountrath ; St. Patrick's College, Drumcondra ; Wesley 
College, St. Stephen's Green ; Convent, Mount Sackville, Caslleknock ; 
Convent, Sisters of Charity, North William Street; Convent of St. 
Alphonsus, Drumcondra; Convent, Mount Prospect, Dollymount ; Male 
Training Establishment of National Education ; Constabulary Barracks, 
Cook Houses, Nos. I, 2, 3, and 4 ; Sergeants' Mess Hou-e. Constabulary 
Depot; The Police Barracks, Dublin Castle; The Police Barracks, 
Kingstown ; Mountjoy Male Connct Prison ; M'Birney & Co. (Limited), 
(Vston's Quay; Hospital for Incurables, Donnybrook ; Dr. Steevens 
ilospital, Kingsbridge ; Swift's Hospital, Bow Lane, West ; Clery S: Co., 
Sackville Street ; Gladesville Hospital, New South Wales ; Glendinning s 
Hotel, Wicklow Street; Royal Hotel, Malahide; Royal Arcade Hotel, 
Suffolk Street : Grattan Coffee Palace, Capel Street : Talbot Street Coffee 
Palace ; Friendly Brothers' Club House ; Royal Irish Yacht Club House, 
etc., etc.; St. Vincent de Paul Orphanage, Glasnevin, Co. Dublin; 
Hij'h Park Convent, Drumcondra : St. John of God, Maison de Sante, 
StiTlorgan, Co. Dublin ; W'ilson's Hospital, Multifarnliain ; Mater Misen- 
cordia Hospital, etc., etc. , _ . 

There are many other ■ apparatus of a smaller description, suited to 
gentlemen's houses, and a large trade is done in the many varieties of this 
class ot goods. Another important department is that devoted to antique 
and modern marble chimney-pieces, and decorative tiles for fiie-places, etc. 
Many of these former are beautiful specimens of art, while the latter fully 
■exemplify the enormous modern improvement in decorative art in this 

country. c \. ■ 

Messrs. Hodges & Sons have had the distinguished honour of being 
appointed manufacturers to Her Majesty the Queen; His Excellency the 
Lord Lieutenant and the Viceregal Court ; His Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales ; the Hon. the Board of Public Works and most of the leading 
public companies, club houses, hotels, etc. Another department where we 
were intensely gratified by the taste displayed in design was the Gas Fittings 
Department, where a magnificent stock is displayed at such prices as to suit 
the requirements of all. Want of space alone necessitates our closing this 
notice, and we can only hope to have done enough to call attention to a very 
noteworthy and thriving Dublin industry. In conclusion, we need not 
comment on the high position the firm holds in the estimation of commercial 
circles. 



hanker after advertised in this list, and bearing its price attached. From 
the rare and costly truffles to the savoury and appetising Gorgona anchovy ; 
from tinned asparagus to that caviare which, through the exertions of such 
merchants as Mr. Williams, is no longer "caviare to the general;" from 
pippins grown and baked in the sun ol romantic Normandy to dates 
pulled from the tree that looms large over the sandy waste of the Egyptian 
desert— all these and many other sapid and delicious accessories of the 
table are on sale at Mr. Williams' premises, and at prices of a singularly 
moderate level. 

It is clear to us, from the survey we were enabled to take of 
Mr. Williams' business premises, that he has spared neither time, labour, 
nor cost in the effort to make his establishments without a peer in all 
Dublin. Where there are so many which are good, it would be invidious 
to single out any one firm and say of it that it is the best ; but it may be 
truly asserted of Mr. Williams' business that in efficiency, in cheapness 
combined with unexceptionable quality, it is second to none in the Irish 
metropolis. 



Williams & Co., Importers of China and Indian Teas, 

Wine and Spirit Merchants, 47. Henry Street ; 25, Capel Street ; 13, 
Wexford Street: and 36, Th'jiii.as Street. — Mr. Henry J. W'llliams, the sole 
proprietor of this great and flourishing establishment, has been in the 
grocery trade for the last twenty years. By dint of the most strenuous 
industry, in association with a keen and commanding intelligence, he has 
succeeded in elevating the firm of Williams & Co. to one of the very first 
positions in the Dublin grocery trade. This firm has four different estab- 
lishments, all situated in the very busiest parts of the city, and all alike 
doing a good trade. The handsome and spacious house in Capel Street 
was the first that Mr. Williams opened, and here he laid the foundations of 
the immense trade to be developed a few years later on. The commanding 
position of his striking and handsome shop drew people inside to begin 
with, and once they had entered and purchased of Mr. Williams, and had 
practical acquaintance with the superlative qualities of the goods he retailed, 
they ever alter remained customers. Mr. Williams then opened out in 
new directions. The pressure of business was altogether too great for his 
Capel Street establishment, which, though large enough in all conscience, 
mexsuring some 127 feet from front to rear, was nevertheless inadequate to 
cope with the great trade that the proprietor was doing. Then, in suc- 
cession, Mr. Williams opened his branch establishments in Henry Street 
and Wexford Street. By a curious irony of fate, the piirent establishment 
has had to hand over the palm of precedence to one of the younger houses. 
Mr. Williams' headquarters are now situated at 47, Henry Street. The 
four establishments do a very large tr.ide among them. 

He has made a special study of the art of blending teas, and is one of the 
safest guides in all Dublin to the hidden and mysterious delights of the cup that 
cheers. His Darjeeling Assam is specially recommended as the perfection of 
tca.onibining the delicious flavour of theChina teas imported years ago, when 
China tea still preserved its reputation, with great strength and an entire 
freedom from bitterness. Teas being the leading feature at each and every 
one ol Mr. Williams' establishments, there are a great variety placed before 
the public at prices within the reach of all. Another tea for which this 
firm is deservedly famed is " the famous 21. tea," which, although not 
possessing the attributes of the lordly " Darjeeling Assam," is a sound 
exquisite tea, whose praises have lieen sung by all ckisses. Mr. Williams 
'jocs a very exclusive wholesale trade with grocers in this famous 2s. tea. 
He is fully cognisant of the po>ition he has attained in the com- 
mercial world of Dublin, and is well aware that the pre-eminence ol such 
a business as his can only be maintained by the strictest and the most 
unremitting attention to high quality in the goods he retails, and a con- 
tinuous endeavour to lower prices in the interest of the purchasing public. 
J u.st giving one cursory glance at the list that Mr. Williams sends out, we 
are plea-cd, but not surprised, to find every delicacy that the palate may 



Iiundy, Foot, & Co., Tobacco and Snuff IMantifac- 
tnrcrs, and Cigar Merrhants, 26, Parliament Street. — It is particularly 
interesting, while historically reviewing the rapid progress and steady 
development achieved in the tobacco and snuft' manufacture, to meet with 
such an enterprising and valuable concern as that carried on under the 
style of Lundy, Foot, & Co., whose repiestntative establishment is situate 
at 26, Parliament Street — one of the finest thoroughfares in Dublin. This 
house was founded as far back as 17S0, and its commercial course from that 
time has been one of continual advancement and ever-increasing value. 
The premises occupied comprise a spacious building, composed of large 
workshops and offices, which are well furnished and fitted with every 
mechanical appliance that is in any way necessary to the manufacture of 
their products, and machinery of the most approved modern description. 
During recent years great improvements have been introduced into their 
factory ; machinery of the most high-class character has superseded manual 
labour in the production of the firm's noted manufactures. Employment is 
given to a large force of operatives, most of whom are girls, and the firm 
speak most highly of this class of their employes, who, it may be stated, are 
deservedly worthy of the confidence placed in them by the proprietary, and 
show their reciprocation of this esteem by the strict attention which they 
infuse into their business transactions. This firm produce all kinds of 
tobaccos, which are manufactured from thoroughly matured leaves, pro- 
cured from the finest toliacco-plant-growing districts in the world. The 
leaves are received in large hogsheads, weighing 12 to 18 cwt., by the 
factory, and, after undergoing a most careful assortment, are manufactured 
into various qualities, blends, and strengths, fer which a most noted name 
for purity and flavour has been obtained. 

The most prominent manufacture is undoubtedly that of "snuff," 
in wTiich line of their trade Messrs. Lundy, Foot, & Co. have a 
world-wide reputation for their " High Toast," commonly known as 
'■ Irish Blackguard," and registered as such. This is a natuial- 
flavoured snuf'f, very palatable to the nostrils, and, as the distinctive 
feature of the firm, receives the greatest possible care in preparation, so 
that consequently no impure ingredients are used, and it may safely be 
recommended as being entirely free from adulteration. The notoriety of 
this snuff is so great that throughout our colonies, India, China, and Japan, 
and indeed in almost every civilised quarter of the globe, " Lundy Foot's 
High Toast" is everywhere a household word. A large business is trans- 
acted in numerous brands of cigars, which are imported in large consign- 
ments from the most famous districts, and in the well-known Irish roll 
tobacco and smoking mixtures. Since its establishment the firm h.ive 
upheld their character for unsurpassed quality and unexcelled purity of all 
their manufactures, and to-day there is a no more influential or eminently 
reliable concern than the one under notice. The connection enjoyed by 
this high-class firm is of an enterprising and valuable nature, the trade 
extending all over the world, and is of a first class and permanent character. 
The name achieved in this interesting branch of Ir.ade has pl.aced the house 
of Lundy, Foot, & Co. in the foremost rank of tobacco manufacturers. The 
firm members are gentlemen of great experience in their tr.ade, as well as 
high commercial prestige, being highly esteemed by their p.itrons for their 
prompt execution of all orders entrusted to their establishment. 



W. T. Kenny, Newsagent and District Post Office, 

25, Grafton Street. — This well-laiown establishment has fur many years 
enjoyed extensive patronage. Amongst the many important business 
houses of Graflim Street, that of Mr. W. T. Kenny is in high repute for 
the excellent quality of its goods. The position of Mr. Kenny's house 
is .admirably suited to his tr.adc. It is situated in the very centre o( 
Grafton Street, which is well known as one of the most frequented and 
fashionable streets in the Irish metropolis. The supply of stationery and 
other goods is most extensive and varied. During the winter months a 
large trade is carried on in the sale of those essentially modern requirements, 
the Christmas cards. Birthday and other cards are also a speciality. 
Tourists can gratify their tastes to the lull from his splendid collection of 
views of Irish scenery, all the most picturesque districts of the country 
being fully represented in his books. We must add that Mr. Kenny's 
establishment being also appointed by the General Post Ofiice as a district 
branch, is of distinct convenience to his customers and the public. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



107 



Messrs. BTcClnskey & Co., Fruiterers, \Villinm Street.— A 
-liort narrnlivo of this Mill tlourisliiii); industry may Ijc well illiistr.it<'l in a 
tkscription of ihc now famous premises of the Messrs. McCluskey, William 
Slrctt. 'J'hetstahlishnient in question stands rit;ht opposite the once palatial 
residence of LorJ I'owersciiurt. now occupied hy Messrs. P"errier& rollock. 
The luildinR is of ihe old style, and the spacious premises within may lie 
considered one of the (incst in the country. Considerably more than half 
a century ago the Messrs. McCluskey first entered the arena of active 
liusine^s, anl from that time to the present they seem to have held, by 
keen competition, the trade of the country with a tiyht grasp. It is not 
often that capiRil .and brains are found in Ihc same company ; but we have 
here an undoubted condiination of both, the otTs|irin(; of which has been a 
coninieicial success, one of the most remarkable it has been our pleasure to 
record. I'roni His Kxcclkncy the Lord Lieutenant and our titled nobility, 
down to our respectable householder, a unanimous and favourable impression 
seems to prevail, and that in a strong sense, respecting the merits of this 
establishment, borne out no doubt by the facts that ihey hold in custody, 
viceregal, we may call them, diplomas almost as numerous in succession as 
our viceregal masters, as well as receiving from time to time the unstinted 
praise of the Irish press. Mis Koyal Highness the Prince of Wales has 
during his visits to Ireland patronised this cstabl shnient to a large extent. 
If the public have heard of Army and Navy stores, companies, and such 
like, they have also heaid of the Messrs. McCluskey, who, as far as price 
and quality of goods is worth enumeration, appear to have fairly knocked 
their opponents into the familiar " cocked hai." Milil.iry ofl'icers' messes, 
and centres of public and private gaiety arc also within the ambit of their 
supply, for we have observed letters of compliment from committees of 
management demonstrating pleasure and salislaction at their services. As 
an outline of the stock of this eminent lirm m.ay well repay perusal, we 
shall briefly glance through it so far as to give the general public an idea of 
its detail ; there are grapes, peaches, pears, melons, pine-apples, straw- 
berries, apples, lemons, oranges, nuts, plums, raspberries, while the 
edible vegetable kingdom is well represented in asparagus, beans, peas, 
cucumbers, lettuce, etc. A choice collection of the rarest flowers for 
temporary or permanent use are here shown to advantnge. Some of the 
foregoing arc the products of far oft" Australia and America, tlie English 
and French markets are also under heavy contribution, and such of our 
Irish products that can in point of excellence hold their own are largely 
availed of, orchards and vineries being generally anticipated before they 
reach the hammer. A fuller and more elaborate list of goods supplied by 
the film will, we apprehend, be supplied on application. The management 
is in the hands of skille<l workers under the personal supervision of the 
propiie;or, and a thciough spirit of enterprise, courtesy, and uprightness 
characterises the dealings of this establishment. 



Toole & Co., Nnrserymen and Seedsmen, 22, D'Olier 

Street. — This old-established house, trading in the name of Messrs. 
Toole & Co., at the above address, as seed merchants and nurserymen, is 
the oldest of its kind in the city of Dublin. It has now been in existence 
for considerably more than a hundred years, having been established so 
long ago as the year 1777. During the hundred and odd years that it has 
been established, it has gradually increased its business and connections. 
The entire business is concentrated in the hands of Mr. L. O'Toole, a 
man who thoroughly understands this particular line of business. The 
business in the city is carried on at 22, D'Olifr Street, in which 
there is always to be seen an extensive and well-assorted stock of 
seeds, bulbs, plants, and shrubs, together with many useful horticultural 
implements and appliances w hich will be found of great service both to the 
amateur and professional g.irdener. A large business is carried on in these 
premises, not only in the city, but also the suburbs and the provinces. 
The business, having been for three generations in the hands of the same 
family, has become thoroughly well known, and orders are consequently 
being received from many distant parts of the country, from people who 
wish to obtain goods of a sound quality, at fair and reasonable prices. 
The nurseries are situated at Culknswood, Ranelagh, County Dublin, and 
are of considerable extent. In these nurseries may be seen greenhouse 
plants, herbaceous plants, also choice stove and foliage plants. In contrast 
with these are the humbler and better known kinds. There is a laige 
amount of ground covered with glass ; the various houses and frames are 
well stocked with plants in their various strges, and seedlings in large 
quantities. These grounds are well worth a visit, and anybody is perfectly 
welcome to look round on merely giving name or card. The nursery stock 
contains a variety of fruit trees, roses, and ornamental trees and shrubs, 
which have a catalogue to themselves. At the end of the firm's catalogue 
there is a calendar of garden operations for each month in the year ; 
indeed, the whole catalogue is worth most careful reading, and is of the 
greatest possible value, having been written by a man thoroughly com- 
petent and with large experience in these matters. It points out in simple 
language the necessary work to be done each month, with directions when 
and where to sow the diffeient crops and to plant out the various (lowers. 
Purchasers requiring large qiantities can be accommodated, and special 
contracts for the supply can be made. Any customers requiring either a 
steward, head or unckr-gardener, cannot do letter than apply to this firm, 
for thiy constantly have on their books the names of men in want of such 
situations. Throughout the whole business the greatest importance is 
attached to the subjects of excellence and quality, combined with reasonable 
prices. The fi:m exercise the greatest care in sek-ciing their stock of seeds, 
which they aie therefore able with perfect confidence to recommend, and 



it is by such means that they have for such a great number of year* iditaineil 
and continued to enjoy the support of such a large Kcttun of the pubhc. 

Hugh O'Sonnell, Wholesale and Retail Grocer, and 

Wino aud Spirit Morohant, 1.: ml i.i, i,ii':i ^!Ii■t. 1 l.rs trot. .1 
griiccry isLiblislirncnt i-i one of (lie be-.! Kridvvri and mo^I gmi-iniiy p pular 
houses in the particular district in which rts jircrni-is are siiuiie I. h'junded 
some fourteen years .ago by its present res|H:cted proprietor, it has m^de 
marvelloui strides in the public favour, .and reapivl, as Ihe reward of iu 
founder's industry and enterprise, a not incunsiileiable succc «. The 
business premises are situated at 12 and 13, 'Juecn Street, and arc 
hanilsomc specimens of shop architecture, the fittings and general 
appliances being in the best possible taste and usefulncs uf 
Mr. O'Donnell carries on a splendid local trade as a fainily gro 
excellent qualily of the goods he supplies being widely ani !.;,".> 
appreciated. As a wholesale and retail establishment, .Mr O I'oiinell's 
has gained an enviable reputation for the flavour and quality 01 ils teas and 
coffees, great care in the selection of the stock of which is coi stanily l)eing 
taken. Tlie wines and spirits also sold at this establishment arc unex- 
ceptionable, ils proprietor taking a very wiirlhy pride in ihe siicc:c>s that 
h.as hitherto crowned his Labour in this branch of his business. Where, 
however, all the articles are equally good, it seems inviuious to select for 
special commendation any particular class of goods. .Mr. t>'DonneU 
employs four hands in the working of his business, all of whom are 
rem.arkable for their civility to their customers and their readiness to 
oblige. This systematic politeness contributes very much to Ihe prosperity 
of a house of business — a fact Mr. O'Donnell has doubtless observed and 
turned to profitable account. The house bears a very high commercial 
reputation, its stability being second to few in the city. 



F. Byrne, Victualler and Contractor, 91, Lower Canvlen 

Street. — Probably the largest and must important victualling csiablishment 
in Dublin is that of Alderman Byrne, which is situated at the aliove 
address. These extensive premises arc about twenty-one feet wide with a 
depth of nearly two hundred feet, arc handsomely stocked with a valuable 
and large supply of the finest meat procurable in the market. Lstablished 
many years ago, this highly respectable bouse has long enjoyed the most 
distinguished patronage, and is, at the present moment, one of the most 
flourishing in its line. In addition to his trade as a vicluaPer he has an 
extensive and splendid establishment which is devoted to the purposes of a 
high-class restaurant at No. 29, Nass.iu Street. This has been fitted up in 
the most luxurious and artistic style, and no expense has been spared on it 
to make it beautiful, and in every respect better than any other such 
establishment in the city. The large dining-room will accommodate lifty, 
and the saloon as many or more. It also contaios many small dining- 
rooms, bedrooms, smoke-rooms, and, in fact, every acconimixlation and 
requirement desired by ladies or gentlemen. There is also a large trade 
carried on in confectionery and pastry (wedding cakes a specialiiyi, and the 
house also docs a large and thriving trade in supplying wedding breakfasts 
and dejiuturs <J la fouichelle on a very extended scale. Alderman Byrne 
has long enjoyed the possession of an extensive and influential connection, 
and as caterer for ball suppers and public banquets is probably unexcelled by 
any house in the trade. In addition to these two last meniioned callings, 
Mr. Byrne possesses a third in the shape of a fruit and floral establishment 
at No. 10, Nassau Street, so that by the combination of his three busi- 
nesses he is able to supply the meat, pastry, desseil, and floral decorations 
for either the banquet or wedding-breakfast for which he may h.ave secured 
the contract. The enterprising spirit here displayed is very admirable, .and 
speaks highly for the business capacity of the worthy alderman. It must 
require faculties of no mean order to manage and control einciently three 
establishments conducted on scales of such magnitude as those tu which 
we have so briefly alluded, the management of any one of them being, 
one should think, a sufficient tax on the powers of the proprietor. Alder- 
man Byrne interests himself in the municipal affairs, rqiresenting the 
I'itzwilliam Ward in the Court of Aldermen. Among all classes of the com- 
munity, and among none more so than the large and influential circle ol 
his business connection, he is very popular, his courteous and jxjlite manner 
having gained for him hosts of friends. 



Messrs. Byrne & Son, Wine and Spirit Merchants, i, 

Ilarcourt Koad. — A pu.niinont position has been deservedly allaiiKi I in the 
wine and spirit trade bythis old-established house. The premises occupied are 
in a busy vicinity, and within a short distance of the Dublin, Wi^klow, and 
Wexford terminus, in Ilarcourt Street. In outward appearance this estab- 
lishment is easily recognised as the most splendid builuing in the district, 
and the visitor on entering sees on every hand in the capacious shop, 
handsomely fitted, evidences of the enormous business transacted. The 
stocks held in shop and cellars are most valuable, and of the most excellent 
qualities. The wines sold have gained a reputation for their purity and 
flavour, as have the whiskies for their old age and mellowness. In a like 
manner the porters and stouts, which are from Guinncss's only, are always 
in the best condition. In addition to the above-mcntiontd, the be>t ales 
can be had full-bodied and most refreshing. Clarets, rums, bramlies, gins, 
together with every sort of mineral waters, are also to be had of the best 
quality, and at Ihe cheapest prices. The volume of trade transacted is very 
extensive, and the able management of the proprietary, we have no doubt, 
will not only continue the prosperity of the house, but further enhance iU 

H 2 



ic5 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Messrs. W. Tait & Co. (Walter Tait and Robert 
Elaipson), Seed Morohants, ug ami i?o, Capel Street —To form any- 
tliin" like a fair estimate of the constantly increasing business djne by the 
firm, it should be remem- 
bered that the present busi- 
ness premises have been in 
llic- farm and garden seed 
Hade for more than a hun- 
dred yf arv the former well- 
known old firm of Fergus 
I'arrell & Son having been 
succeeded by the present 
com])any, whose energetic 
mana;^ement has made it 
sufiicicnily appaient to all 
their cusimurs. that seidi 
from this cs'aljli-hmenl can 
be thoroughly relied on both 
as to character, purity, and 
po\\crs ofgetmination. In 
this way, not only was the 
fame of the old firm main- 
tained, but the new one 
was considerably advanced 
in the estimation of those 
wlio still continued to send 
on their orders, either in 
the sced~ or nursery depart- 
ir.enls. The numerous tesii- 
monials in the hands of the 
fi?r.i at the present time, 
refirring with unstinted 
praise to the genuineness 
of the seeds supplied, go 
to show that the present 
management has in no way 
relaxed the efforts so happily 
inargurated at the begin- 
nirg. in seeing that nothing 
slir.ll be left undone to sup 
ply customers with goods 
of the most supeiior quality. 
Many instances of growing 
crops during the present 
ycai, 1888, both on farm and 
gaukii, might be pointed to 
a> proving the above state- 
mei'l, but one case will suf- 
fice, wherein over twenty 
acr :., under nuxcrousvarii- 
tic'i of loots and several 
ki- I'.s of vegetables, all tie 
f«nU being supplied by tins 
fiiin, arc now shown one 
unlroken surface of foliage, 
no: such a thing as a gap 
to be found on the whole 
exleul of giound. That is 
a g I'.d point to make in 
fa\ ■•ur of the seeds sent otit 
by this firm, and that too 
during a season, part of 
wliicli was not at all favour- 
able to seed germination. 
A case like this proves 

clearly that when this firm says, " Our seeds are selected from the best 
strains known of their res].eclive kinds, aid we sell none but what are 
nru; j^'eiitiiiif, and of first quality, so that if properly tended, they are sure 
to succeed, our endeavours having always been to com:ic!c in qua ily rather 
tLan in jirice," it is no idle boast, but is fully borne out by results, and they 




add, "it is to this we attribute the large and increasing patronage we 
enjoy." In addition to the large home trade done, and thi* of course 
includes England and .Scotland, as well as Ireland, the Messrs. Tait & Co. 

send annually large con- 
signments of flower and 
vegetable seeds to India 
and the Colonies, all of 
which have been found to 
do so well, that a steadily 
increasing bu^ine^s in that 
direction is the result. This 
establishment has long been 
famous among those who- 
grow agricultural and hor- 
ticultural produce for exhi- 
liilion.and with good reason 
too. for in most cases they 
Ijnd themselves successful. 
'Ihis has special reference 
to the fine quality of their 
bulbs, large quantities of 
which arc disposed of each 
ytar. iFor carrying on so 
txtt.nsive a business, the 
(remises are both usefully 
and tastefully arranged, so 
tliat while good accommo- 
d.ition is afforded for con- 
ducting the work to be 
done, there is ample room 
Tor the inspection of seed. 
slocks, implements, etc., by 
rustomers. The front gives- 
fine space for the display 
uf flowering plants, bulbs, 
seeds, and sometimes of 
enormous gardeu and farm 
productions, grown from, 
scLds furnished in the usual, 
way to customers, who are 
well pleased at getting the 
chance of bringing such fine 
growths so prominently in 
view of the public. In 
addition to their large stock 
I'f garden and farm seeds, 
iinp'ements, etc., this firm 
supplies all the appliances- 
necessary for the largely 
iiicreasii g industry of bee- 
keeping, and even those who 
wish to commence bu-iness 
in this line, can have swarms 
of bees forwarded safely to 
them, and whether their 
system is on the old or the 
new plan, eNi rythng in 
connection therewith will 
be founil in the slock kept 
in this establishment. With 
the experienced, careful, 
and painstaking manage- 
ment displa)cd by thiscom- 
l>any, it must follow that the 
large and well-appointed 
staff is equally efficient. Courtesy and prompt attention are the rule to the 
poorest as well as the richest customer. In this respect the Messrs. Tait & 
Co. may well bo congratulated, as business conducted in this way has no 
doubt helped to place this house in the high position it now enjoys in the 
estimation of the agricultural sind horticultural communities of the country. 



Eeatty & Bennie, Merchant Tailors, 2', Grafton Street.— 

A well-fitting cciat i-. I'l the inijotily of persons a distinctive mark of the 
wiar.r being a geiiileman. It therefore behoves the public to obtain their 
outfit from houses where only the best material is " made up " with the 
finvsl workmandiip. .\nnng ihis class of tailoring establishments, the 
na.iie <if Messrs. lieatly & Ijennie is one which is universally considered to 
be In the foremoU rank among contemporary institutions. The (iremises, 
situated at 26, Grafton Street, have that character which is representative 
of the tailoring trade. They are well fitted and furnisheil, and adapted to 
the many tci|uirement5 of th.- business. This enterprising firm of merchant 
tailor> was founded eleven years a,o, and up to the present h.as enjoyed a 
pro-perous and flourishing mercantile career. The measurements are taken 
with {.reat exactness by courteous assistants, and are then passed to 
"cutters" of long experience in this branch of trade. All wearing 
mpparcl mide by tlis noted house is remarkable for the nea'ness in fit and 



elegance of style. Co,its, vests, and trousers are cut to the requirements of 
the latest fashion, or in accordance with customers" wishes, and are made 
up with great care, and the best workmanship. All garments are hand- 
sewn, and are guaranteed free from that "slop-made appearance" that 
characterises the manufactures of many other houses in this particular line. 
A number of hands are employed on the |)remises, and in executing the 
numerous transactions of the business. They are men well versed in al! 
depaitments of their trade. The firm enjoys a connection of large and 
prospeioMS extent, and first-class character. The superiority ol their 
products has obtained for them a patronage of a valuable nature, and the 
firm's operatiims are substantial and widespread. The proprietary are 
gentlemen of good social position, and ihei.' habits of sterling integrity 
and honourable business methods have obtaiiicd for them a character 
which is only granted to commercial men of high standing in mercantile 
circles. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



109 



Cherry & Smalldridge, Lithographic and Letttr- 
preas Printers, Paper Bug and Mustard Mannfaoturors, .Seville 

IM.icc.--In reviewing ihc wnic lii-Kl ol ronuinrii.il iiitt-rosts tlcvclopcd 
in IrcLind, Ihe ramc .ind operations of tlic linn of Messrs. Cherry & Sni.ill- 
dridgc stand forth with especbxl nnd crcditalile prominence. The important 
branches of industry rcj'Hesenlcd by this eslal)lishment arc lithographic, 
copperplate, and let'erpress prinlinj;, and bookbimling, in aHdition to the 
manufacture of paper bags and mustard. This business was founded by 
Messrs. Cherry iV Shielil in a not very pretentious way in the year 1858. 
The original premi-es occupied were situated in the Lotts, and at first the 
operations of the liTm were restricted to a local trade, which was so enlarged 
by the indefaiigable encrg)- of the proprietary th.at it became necesiaiy in 
the year 1859 to remove to larger and more central premises in Upper 
Sackville Street. Soon after, Mr. Shield retired from the business, ami a 
second removal, to meet the growing demands on the resources of the lirm, 
became imperili> e, and the extensive premises which ihey now occupy were 
taken in Seville I'lace. .Some years subsequently, Mr. Smalldridge joint d 
Mr. Cherry in partnership, and .idded to the business a practical knowledge 
that has inllueiu-cd this industry, in which nearly three humlred peojile arc 
constantly employed The Seville Steam Works, in which the operations 
are now carried on covers an immense area, and is fitted up with the most 
modern and approvetl machinery. The interior presents to the visitor a 
busy sight. On entering the wide port.als, and glancing round the ground 
floor, one sees the numerous in.\chines required in the various departments, 
which consist of 23 lithographic machines, 1 1 letterpress machines, as well 
as a large number of various other machines used for ruling, lettering, 
punching, eyeleting, and label-making, perforating, book-stitching, ink- 
grinding, paging, bronzing, relief-siamping, hydraulic presses, etc. These, 
oonlrollVd by skilled assistants, are engageil at every description of letter- 
press and lithogr.Tphic printing, and on every side .are the clerks and assistants 
passing to and f r > in ilie rajiid tr.insaclion of their duties. The first and 
most important branch we notice in connection with this p.art of the 
business is the chromo-lithographing department, in which a large staff of 
experienced ar:i!.ts are to be seen designing showcaids, traJiis' ptcseiilation 
almanncis, and coloured illustrations, in the iiroduction of which this lirm is 
exceptionally successftd, and may be said with truth to be unexcelled. The 
other plant held includes many thousan<l pounds' worth of copper-plalcs, 
steel engravings, and a large and varied selection of the newest tyjies 
necessary for the high-class work turned out. The manufacture of paper 
bags is another important branch, and one in which Messrs. Cherry & 
Smalldridge have no rival. With a view to giving some idea of the scale on 
which operations are conducted in this department, we may mention that 
there are over a hundred girls alone engaged in it, and the avcr.ige output 
amounts to over a million a week. The next division on which the lirm 
have bestowed the greatest care and attention is the manufacture of mercan- 
tile books, in the ruling of which several American machines are used, 
containing all the lattst improvements, and in the binding and finishing of 
which a large stalf of capd)le men are constantly engaged. A distinct line 
of business altogether is ihe manufacture of Mustard. The production of 
this wholesome article of consumption, already enormous, is nevertheless 
increasing yearly, as its merits become known ; ami lo-d,av Ciif.rry's Irish 
Mustard is appreciated in ever)- corner of the United Kingtlom. As the 
leading firm in thii article alone, Messrs. Cherry & .Sniallordge deserve 
the highest recognition in the annals of our industries ; for, in spite of almost 
insuperable obstacles, by splemlid energy they overcame the greatest ct)m- 
pelition in winning popularity for the pure ipiality of their mustard. In 
1867, Messrs. Cherry & Smalldridge first started the manufacture. They 
erected new machinery on the best principle, .and though the Irish trade at 
the time was monopo'icd by the Knglish manufacturers, the superiority of 
Messrs. Cherry's production is attested in the fact that their efforts have 
been attended with the greatest measure of success. The seed from which 
the mustard is made is selected from the finest grow ing districts in I lollanil, 
and con'ains the true properties for the production of the best article. At 
the Dublin Exhibition in 1882, and the Cork Exhibition the following 
year, it w.is awarded the highest prizes, and its excellence is evidenced from 
the fact that it gained the first prize awards over all others exhibited at the 
late Intermtional Kxhibilicns held in London, and lirst Prize and Gold 
Medal at New Orleans, and First Prize and .Silver Medal at Liverpool, 
1886. .Messrs. Cherry cSc Smalldridge have also received the highest 
commendations for their mustanl, from distinguished members of the 
medical profession ; and of its unvarying purity, public analysts of the 
highest reputation and widest experience have uniiormly certified. The 
es;ablishment in its entirety oTers an example of how prominent a position 
in the commercial world can be attained by coupling carefulness of proiiuc- 
tion, uniformity of quabty, and moderate prices. Under Mr. .Smnlldri Ige, 
who is now the sole proprietor, we have no doubt that the high status of the 
establishment will be ably sustained, and that it will lemain a monument 
to his untiring zeal and industry in the future as in the past. 



William H. Harris, Window Glass, Hoom-papers, Oil 
and Colour Merchant, 100, Mioille Abbey .Street. — \ must extensive and 
important house in the trade with whicli it has so long and so honourably 
been associa'ed, is that belonging to Mr. W. H. H.irris of the above 
address. The extensive premises occupied by this highly respectable 
establishment are situated in a very central neighbourhood, and one 
admirably adapted for the devtlopnient of a large and daily incre.a.sing 
business. Founded in ii6o, th-s house for neatly tliiity years has enjoyed 



a large share of confidence and sup|)ort, having early in its career achicv.M 
a high reputation, and formed an extensive and important who'cjale 
connection tlirooghout ihc country. The jiremiscs at Middle Abl>cy Street 
are most elaborately lilted and slocked with a large aunrtmcnl of goods ol 
the description in which the hoii>e trailcs, all of which it is ncolle.-. to add 
are of the Iw^t mamifarture ami finest quality. The enormouH improve- 
ment which iif recent years has takrn place in the manufacture of room- 
papers, is fully exemplified in the valuable stock of these goods held \if 
Mr. Harris, all of which are far and away aljove the average of what was 
attainable say thirty years ago, and many of them of the greatest iJeauty in 
pattern and design. We are largely indebted in this much requirol im- 
lirovement to the care bestowed in the Government schools of design to this 
branch art as applicrl to manufacture, as well as to the private enterprise of 
a certain apostle of taste— Mr. Wdliam Morris— who has done so much lo 
relieve our homes from the hideously-designed pajiers that usc<l to coier ouf 
walls a quarter of a century ago. The large and varied slock hel<l com- 
prises every description of room-pa|x.-rs. In this department our attention 
w.as particularly drawn to the newly-invented sanitary paper. This paper 
is in its production treateil with oil, and, when finished, hasthe exceptional 
properties of being impervious to damp, and does not fall off or get so 
easily soiled like so many other wall-p.ip.rs. Amongst the great variety ol 
gooiU displayed in the other departments, the visitor's attraction is irre- 
sistibly drawn to the great value shown in window, and plate, ami iiiiiroc 
glasses, which are both of British and foreign make, borders an 1 gilt 
mouldings for rooms, oils and colours for house-painting purposes, painters' 
brushes and tools, besides plaster of Paris, Roman and Portland cement, 
the latter of Irish manufacture, and, in fact, all the mateiials for house 
decoration. Mr. Harris is a very large importer of French, (Jerman, and 
lirilish wall-paper, and of French and British plate glass, as ahc) sheet 
glass of British and Belgian manufacture. In all these articles Mr. Harris 
does, as we have said, an extensive wholesale trade, dealing largely with 
rct.iil traders and house-decorating contractors all over the country. The 
high reputation this house achieved at the very commencement of its 
career has been fully maintained down to the present, when its position as 
a fir.stclass house in its special line is as fully recognised as it ever was al 
any period of the la.t eightand-twenty years. "The reputation so long 
b irne by the house, especially in its oil and colour ilepartment, is of the 
highest and most honourable character, Ihe pigments being all of the 
purest quality and most durable description. In addition to his own 
imporlan' business, Mr. W. Harris .acts as Dublin agent for the Londoi> 
Plate Glass Insurance Company, for whom he has made a valuable 
connection in this city. We regret exceedingly that the limited space at 
our disposal only permits of this brief sketch of what is truly a repr'.senta- 
tive ho jse in its own line of business ; but, short as it is, we venture to hope 
it may convey some true if slight impression of the business. We have 
merely to add that in the estimation of commercial circles the house st.inds 
second to none, and that it is still well abreast of all competitors, whi!e the 
proprietor enjoys the esteem and respect, so certainly well earned, of all 
his lellow citizens. 



Thomas Dockrell, Sons, & Co., Merchants and Con- 

trantors. 38 and 39, South Great George's Street.— The premises of Ihls 
old-established firm are very extensive and cover a large portion of the area 
lying between South Great George's, Drury, Lower Stephen, and Fade 
Streets. The firm have a very large trade as window glass, room-pap; r, o'l 
and colour and cement merchants, builders, and furnishing ironmongers and 
dealers in gas and water fittings of all kinds. They also undertake t'.e 
complete decoration and repair of private residences and businesi premis.--. 
In addition to the waiehous:s and stores, there are large well lighted work- 
shop; in which are carried on painting, carpentry, glazing, plumbing, gas- 
fitting and smith work. As an illustration of the large business carried on 
by the firm, it may be mentioned that their sales of one make of London 
Portland cement, that of Knight, litvan, & Sturgc, have been over 3:,O0O 
tons. 



P. C. Roche, General Warehouseman, 10, Upper George's 

Street.— One lit the nmsi prominent and welltodo establishments in the 
whole extent of Upper Geor.;e's Street, is that of Mr. P. C. Roche, gener.il 
warehouseman. This concern has not been very long o|x;iied, yet by a 
straightforward system of dealing, coupled with a strict attention lo busi- 
ness, a la-ge and valuable trade has already been built up. The premise-, 
which are situated at No. 70, are very commodious and admiralily loca'i-l 
for the business. The stocks, which are helil in the commo.lions ware ami 
sale-rooms, are very varied and valuable, and include amongst other items 
a very large assortment of general house-furnishing, ironmongery, |K-n, 
pocket, and table cutlery, china, glass, and cUlf waies, chandlery, f.mey 
ornaments, etc. Everything is of the best cl.iss and quality, and the 
closest possible attention is paid to see that every order is prompt 'v and 
satisfactorily executc^l. The Ir.ading connecti'ins are very extensile and 
valuable, ihe house being well known throughout the country, and Ihe 
tr.ric itself, from a very mode-it beginning, has steadily <lcwe!op^-d and 
increaseil, its growth being compatible with the executive ability displayed 
in its management. The whole concern is under the p;rsinal su|>cr,'ision 
of Mr. P. C Roche, who has hail long and practical exiierience \a the 
business, ami whose sterling qualities and good judgment have won the 
esteem and support, not only of the commercial community, but also of a 
very large circle of friends and acquaintances. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



M. E. BSatthews, Court Dressmaker, 49. Upper Sackville 
Street. — This establishment is one of much consiiier.ilion and of the very 
highest reputation in the city. Its career was begun some forty years ago 
in premises on the opposite side of the street to those which it at present 
occupies, 4% Upper ^'.^ckvi^e Street. The estaMishment, which is situated 
near the Rotunda and just opposite the Gresham Hotel — one of the best 
and most frequented hotels in the metropolis — is of extended dimensions, and 
of most quiet elegance, occupying as it does one of the finest of the many beauti- 
ful private residences for which this part of the city has been so long famous. 
The house has been altered as little as possible from its original state, and 
still retains its beautiful ceilings wrought by the Italian artists who did 
so much to beautify our city during the latter part of the last century. 
The noble proportions of its tine rooms and spacious staircases remain 
intact. The entire ground and drawing-room floors are used as show- 
rooms, and the exhibition here laid out with the most educated and 
artistic taste is one which can in no respect be surpassed in Ireland. The 
6rst feature that one notices on entering the large and handsome show- 
rooms, which occupy the upper apartments of the premises, is the display 
made of tlie various articles, for which the house is famed. Costumes for 
ever)' occasion, from the simpler walking dress to the more elaborate 
toilettes required for driving and visiting, for dinner or d.ince, to the still 
more gorgeous court and wedding toilettes, for which latter the establish- 
ment has long since made a special renown. Mantles and wraps of every 
desciibable style and shape, furs from all the quarters of the globe, 
selected and made up with the utmost care. The very latest conceptions 
of the principal milliners of Paris. The most magnificent productions of 
the looms of Lyons, The laces of Belgium, France, Italy, and Ireland. 
Rich embroideries. Flowers which counterfeit nature herself. Every- 
thing that taste or art can suggest is to be found here. Should anything 
be found wanting, Mr. Matthews' agent in Paris will fortliwith endeavour 
to supply the deficiency. Tiie work-rooms, which have been designed and 
built for the purpose, occupy the site of the stables of the original house ; 
a spacious garden, intervening between the two, furnishes plenty of light 
and air, so necessary and yet so seldom to be found in establishments of 
this kind. The rooms are lofty and spacious, and considerably more 
than fulfil the requirements of the Acts of Parliament as to space, air, 
etc., to be allotted to each worker. Here a large number of workers are 
kept busily employed in miking up the rich materials which we have 
already examined in the ware-rooms, in fulfilment of orders, not only from 
Ireland, but from far-off India and Austr.alia, from America, both North 
and South, even from Pari; itself, for even in the Capital of Fashion 
this establishment is known and its work meets with approval. Originally 
established by the late Mrs. Matthews, the business is continued in her 
name by her son, under lyhose close personal supervision it is carried on 
with increasing success. 

W. r. Wells, M.F.S.Z,, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 

to, Upper Baggot Street. — The district around Upper Baggot Street is 
most populous, and is one that affords an excellent field for the business of 
a dispensing chemist. Of the opportunity thus presented, Mr. W. F. 
Wells, M. P.S.I. , has fully availed himself in establishing at 20, Upper 
Baggot Street, a pharmacy for tlie sale of all drugs and chemicals and the 
compounding of prescriptions that can rival those of any other house of its 
kind in the city. The connection of the pharmacy, as may be expected 
from the character of the locality, is most select, and the fullest confidence 
of all classes is bestowed on the proprietor. Though comparatively not 
long established, it was found necessary in the year 1888, to meet the 
growing demands on the house, to rebuild and enlarge the premises occu- 
pied. The splendid new building consider.ably enhances the architectural 
beauty of this fashionable district. The internal arrangements arc most 
complete in every detail, the retail counter and dispensing department 
(which is separated from the retail) alone have a depth of thirty-seven feet, 
and are fitted in a very attractive and handsome style, no trouble or ex- 
pense having been spared to make them as perfect as possible. All poisons 
are stored in special shaped bottles, aiid arc kept separate from other drugs. 
On the same floor is a well-appointed laboratory in which the pharm,a- 
ceutical preparations are carefully made, it being a special feature to pre- 
pare everything possible on the premises so >is to be in a positiim to 
guarantee their purity. On the ground-floor is also a large store, where the 
various Iwjttles us:d are kept, over which are store-rooms where a large 
stock of drugs, chemicals, and sundries is kept. Cleanliness and order 
evcr)-where prevail. The total depth of the premises is from front to rear 
about two hundred feet. In the selection of drugs and chemicals Mr. W. 
F. Wells has ever taken the greatest care, and in this resjiect his house is 
much ab-)ve the average. Low class or cheap drugs have little if any 
medicinal pr)wers, and so in cjscs of illness the use of a good or b.id 
article oftentimes makes a difference of life and death. In this respect the 
establiihinent of -Mr. Wells may safely be recommended ; many eminent 
physicians and surgeons have attested to the purity and superior quality of 
the drugs and chemicals used in all the medicines compounded in this 
house. Constant employment is found for five assistants, and the clienli:!e, 
which embraces all classes of the population, is widespread and extcn ling. 
All descriptions of patent medicines, home and foreign mineral waters, as 
Weil ai all toilet and sick-room requisites, medicated lozenges, anil per- 
fumery, are largely sold at prices as mrxlerate and fair, quality considered, 
as arc to be had anywhere in the business. 'I'his pharmacy has now been 
above six years in existence, and through the inan.agemcnt of Mr. Wells 
in this sliort time it has attained a vcr)' prominent position. 



Whitsitt & Co., Drapers, 7.;, Thomas Street.— The wholesale 
and retail establishment of Mes^r^ Whitsitt & Co., being one of the 
oldest firms in this very stirring thoroughfare, is widely known, and has 
deservedly gained the confidence of the general public. Several years 
have come and gone since the institution of this concern, and its history 
during that time shows a steady and unbroken prosperity. The busi- 
ness is conducted by Mr. J. Whitsitt, .md his long residence in, and 
perfect knowledge of the neighbourhood, give him the advantage of 
providing wares suitable for the wants of his numerous customers. The 
exterior of the building is bare of decoration, with the excepion of that 
lent by the windows which occupy the major portion of the frontage. 
These windows are indeed most artistically and tastefully arranged with a 
display of seasonable goods, the variety, style, .-ind value of which present 
an appearance in every way most attractive and pleasing. The interior is 
lofty and of extended dimensions, and is filled up with simple but neat 
furniture suitable to the requirements of their business. The variety of 
articles sold necessitates the employment of a range of counters at cither 
side, presided over by a numerous staff of experienced assistants, most 
willing and painstaking in looking after the requirement; of their customers. 
In one, and, perhaps, the most interesting section, are displayed a really 
most attractive and fashionable stock of costuiiies, millinery, dress 
materials, etc., excellent in quality and moderate in price. Blankets, 
flannels, calicoes, and quilts make a very fine show, and the prices 
attached are everything considered truly fair and reasonable. Their 
hosiery, shirt, and glove departments are well worthy of the merit they 
have gained. A large trade is also transacted in shawls, handkerchiefs, as 
well as laces, flowers, underclothing, etc. There can be no doubt, so long 
as the business of this interesting firm is carried on on the same principles as 
heretofore, their trade will continue to increase and prosper, and in no way 
suffer from the many dangers to which such a concern is so liable, if not 
steered with prudence and ability. 



Patrick Iffaguire, Grocer, 172, North Strand. — The grocery 
and wine and spirit stores of P.itrick Maguire at the above address have 
acquired a considerable reputation in the city, and a visit inevitably produces 
the impression that this reputation is indeed well merited. The position of 
the shop is most happy, as it is situated in a bread open street in the centre 
of a populous and rising neighbourhood. The exterior of this extensive 
building presents an appearance of uncommon attractiveness, being painted 
a gray stone colour. The interior is of striking cleanliness and beauty. 
The counters and cases are made from fine pine or mahogany, while the 
shining scales and weights, and rows of m.ade up sugars, teas, and coffics in 
the grocery half of the shop, and the marble beer-drawers, slabbed counters, 
and the multitude of sparkling glasses, and bottles, and decanters in the 
other half, constitute throughout the whole a dazzling picture of wealth and 
luxury in this line. The number of h.indi employed is five, and the skill, 
dexterity, and patience of these are often severely tried by the many customers 
who crowd the premises, and of whom each expects, indeed oftentimes 
demands, to be first served and attended to. The house has been now 
established in this trade for more than forty ye.ars, and for more than half 
that period has had the good fortune to have Mr. Maguire at its helm. 
The success and prosperity that has since then attendetl it was the only 
possible outcome of his extended experience, knowledge, ability, and energy. 

Harris & Whelan, Saddlers, 4, Westland Row.— The firm of 
Messrs. H.irris & Whulan (late Leahy & Son), saddle and harness manu- 
facturers, of No. 4, Westland Row (and late of 12, Brunswick .Street, 
where they were est.iblished in 1S02), Dublin, is now thoroughly well- 
known in the city as a first-class house, and one possessing an unsurpassed 
reputation for the high excellence of their goods and for the superior work- 
manship used in the manufacture of the various articles turned out by them 
from time to time. The connection is an influential one, being very 
extensive and widespread. The house has a very high reputation amongst 
the gentry and horse-keeping public. The firm received two bronze prize 
medals, the only ones given to the trade, at the Artis.ins' Exhibition, 
Dublin, in the year 1SS5. One of these was for harness-making, and the 
other for s.addlery. There is always a large stock of harness and saddlery 
in the .shop, which will be found to be m.adc of the best materials with the 
best workmanship. All orders are carried out with the greatest promptitude 
and despatch. Horse rugs, saddles, bridles, bits, and every article in a set 
of harness may be obtained of the best quality, and at the most moderate 
prices. The business is managed by the proprietors themselves, Messrs. 
Harris & Whelan, who ably and vigorously conduct the high class and 
valuable trade. 

H. Jutton, Print-Seller, Picture-Trame Maker, and 

Mount-Cutter, 4, -St- .Viidiew's .Street. — A very noleil lioiisr in the picture- 
frame manufacturing tr.ade is that of Mr. H. Jutton, of 4, St. Andrew's Street, 
and one which, since its being opened, has enjoyed a very large amount of 
patronage. Mr. Jutton has been fortunate enough to establish a very im- 
portant and influential connection in Dublin and throughout the country. 
Mr. Jutton's premises are fitted throughout in the most careful and t.istclal 
manner. People have often wondered how it was that frame-makers could 
continue in the same oUl tracl;, e.speci.ally when there are to be seen such 
beautiful specimens of mcdi.eval workmanship surroun<ling the pictures 
of great masters of the early Flemish and Italian schools. This reproach 
docs not lie at Mr. Jutton's door, as he has always sought after new and 
fresh designs.. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUHLIN. 



Ill 



John Colclongli & Sous, Carriage Builders, 22 nml 23, 

Diiki; Slri'cl. — TliU cniiiK'nt llrni of c.'iniii;c (ll■^i^;nc■r^ and coach liuiMcrs 
was cslalilislicil in the year iSoi, ami has thus l>c<n luforc the public (or a 
con^iilerable nuniUcr of years. A business carrieil on in a ninrc atilc or 
eniit;etic manner it would l)c impossilile to (ind anywhere. Evcrj' effort is 
put forth to sustain, and still fuither enhance, the excellent reputation it 
already enjoys, and which extends all over Ireland ami the colonies. The 
nian.i(;ement is in the cap-ible hands, and under the sole control, of 
Messrs. John and William Colelough, who exercise their own practical super- 
vision over all the greater anil minor details of the business. It is entirely 
owing to their energy and skill that the house has gained, and continues to 
maintain, its high standard of excelleni:e. The proprietors claim that they 
are "second to none," and they are certainly entitled so to do. For style, 
fuiish, and durability of workinanshi]), and the superior materials used in 
m.iohines, they are simply unrivalled The connection enjoyed by this 
firm is very large, widespread, and influential, as can be proved by a 
glance at the little book published by them containing a long list of testi- 
monials received by them from various clients, who .all speak m the highest 
possible terms of the excellent work turned out by the firm. The long list 
of p.itrons comprises the nobility and gentry in .ill parts of the country, and 
is headed by lier Most Gr.icious Majesty herself. In short, the firm is 
well-known in all of the provinces. They have introduced many improve- 
ments in the coach-building trade which have been found of the greatest 
service and utility. They have patented an improvement in shafts which 
are made of toughened steel and for which they claim exceptional merit. 
T hey have also anothe;' improvement called platform springs, which arc 
dc lared by competent jm'ges to be a perfect arrangement. The auto- 
matic arrangement for gig and phaeton, which they have also introduced, 
is quite a novelty, and proved to be a great improvement. The firm 
has already received orders for the Cape trade, for which good work- 
manship and first-ckass materials are absolute necessaries, oviing to the 
character and roughness of the country. The show-rooms in Duke 
Street are large and capacious, and well adapted to the requirements of 
such a large business. There may be seen splendid specimens of the 
co.achbuilding craft of the latest and best designs and with all the modern 
improvements. One can buy the lordly four-in-hand drag, landaus, 
baiouches, broughams, cars, dog-carts, phaetons, chaises of all kinds, etc. 
In short, there is not a style of any sort unrepresented. Any carriage will 
be built according to any particular de-ign that may be made. The show- 




rooms are well worth a visit to any intending purchaser, and, for the matter 
of that, to a casual passer-by. In addition to the show-rooms Messrs. 
John Colelough & Sons have two other establishments under their control. 
They have extensive premises in Lemon Strec', which consist of Nos. 3, 
4> 5> 6, 7, 9, and 10. These buildings are where the factory is situated, 
and where the different kinds of carriages are turned out in such excellent 
style. The stores, where is always kept a large and well-assorted stock of 
seasoned timber, are at 6, 7, 8, and 0, Duke Lane. It is most essential that 
none but the choicest seasoned timber should be used, and Messrs. 
Colelough are most particular in this respect, with the result that their 
carriages last well. A very large number of skilled hands is necessarily 
kept constantly employed in the various branches. Ihey are all expe- 
rienced workmen and well up in their trade. In fact, Messrs. Colelough 
make it a rule of engaging none but the very best men, which enables 
them to keep up the name for superiority in workmanship so long enjoyed 
by them. Carriages can also be had on hire by the month or year, 
with option of purchase. Estimates will be furnished and competent 
men sent to all parts of the country to inspect and value at the desire of 
customers. The firm issues a catalogue of over forty pai^es, which is most 
tastefully .and elaborately got up. It contains drawings of the different 
styles and kinds of caniagcs, carts, and cars, inostly in demand, all 
numbered, so that Messrs. Colelough will quote price and give full par- 
ticulars of any carri.age in the catalogue on receiving the number of same. 
They also publish a little book containing a large number of splendid 
testimonials from the noliility and gentrj' residing in ditTerent parts of the 
country, who, one and all, are unanimous in their praise of the lirm, shd of 
the very high quality of the workmanship and materials. This is good 
proof of the excellent way in which the house is conducted. No effort is 
spared to maintain and still further increase the high commerciar reputa- 
tion not only at home but also in the colonies. The individual members 



of the firm, in whose h.ancU Ihe active suiM:rvi«ion of the bu«!nMi i< con- 
centrated, arc well known and higli'y res|)ected in mer. ' : !. * 
where th''y hold a very high character fur integrity and bu.ii; 
and the large amount of success that they have obtained u -. ' 

substantial as it is thoroughly well deserved. 



Harvey & Co., Veterinary Chemiat^s, 6, Dachclor's Walk, 
the pr.iprieiors of the famous Veterinary Preparations. — "Harvey's Great 
Kemedies for the Horse" have established a sviilesprcad and honourable 
reputation, not only in Ireland but in England and many other parts of the 
world, for peculiar excellence and efficiency. It is over fifty years since 
this house was founded. Messrs. Harvey have paid a large amount of 
skilled, and indeed scientific attention, to the many ills to which horseflesh 
is heir, and they have consequently produced many remedies which arc 
unsurpassed in the treatment of equine maladies and injuries. Of thcc 
the most remark.ible are the .Aconite powders, which are without a rival in 
the treatment of diseases of the respiratory organs, such as chronic cough, 
roaring, whistling, broken wind, and other troublesome complaints. Be- 
sides this they have produced the " Eradicating worm and condition 
powders," which are said not alone to be a direct specific for worms in 
horses, but to promote condition and restore that sleekness of coat and li%-c- 
liness of carriage which makes the noble animal so beautiful in his usefulness. 
They arc prepared on the principle that a specific for worms must at the 
same time be an invigorating tonic, raising the whole tone of the system, 
which has become debilitated by the ravages of the parasites, and they 
have been most successful in practice, as numerous testimonials certify. 
Messrs. Harvey are also the proprietors of a tasteless purging powder 
called " I'.dos," which has to a large extent superseded physic balls in 
the same manner as the minute doses of modern medicine have ousted 
from the field the boluses of old-time /Esculapii. This tasteless physic 
is readily t.aken by animals in their food, is soluble in fluids, and 
thus is easily given as a drench to horses that will not feed, and does not 
gripe a horse as aloes often do. The celebrated Embrocation and Red 
lotion of the late Mr. George Watts, V.S. , are also in the hands of .Messrs. 
Harvey & Co., their late partner, Mr. M. S. Small, V.S., having taken 
them over in connection with the famous veterinary establishment in 
Auiigier Street from the executors of the late Mr. George Watts in 1S59. 
The embrocation is an absolute specific for curbs, splints, and all varieties 
of bony enlargements and callosities. The red lotion is an excellent healing 
wash, simple to use and exceedingly rapid in its effects. It is a first-cl.iss 
application for wounds, and unequalled as a detergent for the " foot-and- 
mouth disease." The numbers of testimonials from all parts of the 
kingilom held by Messrs. Harvey is sifTicient proof of the estimation in 
which their remeilies are held by all who have tried them. They have 
ag;nts in all the principal towns of Great Britain, and their preparations 
may be had through any chemist in the kingdom. A p.amphlet published 
by Messrs. Harvey, entitled "The Horse Oivner's Handy Note Book ; or. 
Common Diseases of Horses and other Animals, with their Remedies," 
shouUl be read by all owners of equine stock ; it wjU be sent free of charge. 
It is important to mention that Messrs. Harvey have found it necessary to 
caution horse owners who purchase their preparations from chemists to 
see that every bottle and package bears their signature, as imitations are 
sometimes olTered, and the genuine articles always have their autograph 
distinctly engraved on the outside wrappers or labels. 



Messrs. Farmer & Co., Boot Manafactnrers, 9< Capcl 

Street. — There are tew more representative or highly reputable houses in 
the boot manufacture than that of Mr. I'arkcr, who trades under the style 
of Parker & Co., of 9, Capel Street, and with a branch establishment at 
2S, Lower Camden Street. With a commercial career extending over 
fifty years, this firm has a connection and a trade of a prosperous and 
extensive nature, founded upon the upright and honest lines of manage- 
ment under which all transactions have been conducted from the com- 
mencement. The premises in Capel Street are commodious and well 
fitted with ever)' convenience for the requirements of the extensive stock 
kept by the firm. All manufactures are made by hand on the premises, 
every article in the splendid stock being guaranteed to be made in the 
firm's warehouses and by the firm's own men. The products of this noted 
establishment comprise ladies' boots and shoes, at from $s. to los. 61/. ; 
gents' boots and shoes, at from gs. to 20s. ; and every description of 
children's wear. A beautifully-stitched gent's shoe at 14J., and an Exhi- 
bition Prize llastic Hoot at Sj. , may be recommended as good wearing 
articles. A prominent speciality is made of cricket shoes, which arc also 
made on the premises, tne excellent quality of which is so widely known, 
that large quantities are purchased by other houses in the trade. Thirty 
hands arc employed in the manufacture of boots, etc., for this noted firm. 
The excellence of matciial and the durability of wear, for which they arc so 
remarkable, have obtained for Mr. P,^rkcr a widely-spread connection and 
v.aluablc patroiia;;c. Ihe proprietor of this concern is noted for his busi- 
ness qualificaiions, and there is no more worthy member of the boot trade 
at the present day than he. As an idea of the extensive ramifications of 
this cimcern it may be mentioned that the firm undertakes repairing in p.ll 
branches. The repairs are executed with the best procurable material and 
the best workmansliip. 



112 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



William Martin, Houtc Painter, Church Decorator, 
an4 Stained Glass Minufacturcr, 18, Stephen's Green.— There is no 
more ho|)eful sign of the times than the rapid strides made in the decorative 
arts as applied to architecture. In the present age it is an imperative 
nece-sity for the business house to appear as attractive as possible, a fact 
that has as a result, a healthy competition amongst decorators, painters, 
contiactors, and glass manufacturers. A prominent eslablishment devoted 
to all the different though kindred branches of trade mentioned above, we 
need hardly say, is that controlled by Mr. Wiiliam Martin. With nearly 
forty years' experience in ever}- detail of the operations of his trades, this 
gentleman inaugurated the businrss associated wiih his name eight years 
ago. Since then, by the exerc se of his judgment and the highest integrity, 
he has piloted his establishment into the lirst rank of importance in the 
industrial affairs of the Irish metropolis. The premises occupied a-e in 
size and equipments suitable for the transaction of a large and increasing 
trade. Entering the handsome door which opens to the establishment, the 
visitor is first attracted by a comprehensive display of wall-papers, which 
contains many hundred designs ot the most beautiful description. Proceed- 
ing further on one sees a valuable stock of looking glasses, window-glass, 
and stained glass. Further back is found an unexcelled stock of pain's, 
varnishes, leads, oils, colours, and all kinds of painter's requisites. In the 
central portion of the premises is the splendid show-room, la ely built, and 
decorated in a- style that practically demonstrates the superiority of the 
work that can be done by this house. Around the w.alls are painted designs 
of the different beautiful patterns of decorative painting that have made this 
establishment's name famous. In this department is also a splendid show 
of church furniture, to which particular notice is due. We cannot under- 
stand why it is our clergymen send for inferior articles for their churches to 
Paris or Belgium, when they can be accommolatci at lower prices with 
better goods almost at their very doors. However, it is a ple.isure to record 
that this branch of the firm's operat'ons, though only recently siarted, from 
the increasing patronage accorded it, primiises to be a decided success. 
Space will not allow us to give further room to a description of the premises, 
which we might, by the way, say are from front to rear three hundred feet. 
We mus", however, mention a lew specialities kept. In the paper depart- 
ment the designs, after the Adam, Morres, Owen Jones, Jeffrys, Japanese, 
and Sunbuiy Walton styles, are particularly p'easing to the eye. In the 
glass department, the "Boudoir .Mirror," price 2is. — which reflects the 
iuil figure — struck us as just the article to suit the purpose for which it is 
intended, and as a present for a lady cannot be surpassed ; whilst the lead- 
light windows, suitable for ecclesiastical and domestic purposes, manu- 
factured here, seem to speak their own praises in the great demand for them 
from all parts. In the glass department we also noticed the exceptionally 
low prices of plate-glass for shop windows and private dwellings, whilst tlie 
stained glass for screens, etc., seemed unexcelled in value. The operations 
of the decorating departments cannot be fairly estimated from what is to be 
seen in the ware-rooms. It is the work that has been done by the skil'ed 
hands of the house throughout the country that has gained what might be 
truly termed an undying reputation for it. Two examples of the handiwork 
of Mr. Martin's concern are seen in the decoration of the Cathedral, Marl- 
boro" Street, which commands the highest artistic admiration, and th; 
decoration of the new church of the Oblate Fathers at Stillorgan, which has 
been made beautiful by the skilful work of the firm under notice. In 
addition to ecclesiastical decorating, the firm commands a lar^e business 
with the commercial houses in the city, whose premises they renovate, 
decorate, and piint, as well as the patronage of the principal property 
owners in the ciiy and county. It may be imagined from what has lieen 
stated, that the staff em^jloyed could number never less thin one humlred 
and fifty workmen, who are selected from the most competent in the r 
re-pective trades. Mr. Will am Martin personally superintends the mawy 
details appertaining to the different branches of his business, and it is to his 
enterprise and energy that this establishment was raised to its present proud 
position. 

Mr. & Mrs. Chas. Lewers, Ladies' Outfitters, Baby- 
Linen, Chlldron's Dress, etc., 67, Grafton .Street. — \. very important 
house au'l ciiic that i-. widely known and extensively p.ilronised, is that of 
Mr. & Mrs. Chas. Lewers, which is specially devoted to the supply of 
ladies' outfits, biby-Iinen, an<l children's dress generally. Established 
about five years ago, and suj)|j|ying a want which was long experienced in 
this qua'ter of the town, the establishment soon became wiilely ])opular 
in the neighlwurhood, and earned for itself a name and repulatio.i as 
a first-class house, the duribilily and (luali'y generally of whose goods 
might be entirely relied upon. 'The business, from its very inception, w.as 
started on ^^e sure and safe lines of supplying only articles whose quality 
could be most thoroughly guaranteed ; and was mt, therefore, long in 
forming a connection among the rich and influential circles residing in the 
sOJth or fashionable quarter of Dublin, which, in is importance, can 
compare with that of any house in the trade. .Mr. & Mrs. Lewers occupy 
ccnmandrng premises in the fashionable quarter of (Jraflon .Street, 
immerliatcly facing the old-established and well-known house of Messrs. 
Leverett & Fryc, which, from their attractive appearance, form a 
Iciding feature in Grafton Street. The house is beauiiiully fitted with all 
the requitoments of the trade, and contains a large, varied, and valuable 
stock of ladies' underclothing, corsets, etc., and a very well-assorled supply 
of bihy-linen, chililren's dresses, ami articles requi^ite for use in childhood. 
There is also a large ami important branch of the business devoted to 
leady-made suits for boys ; and here will be found a supply of goods, 



which for usefulness, taste, and fashionable cut it would be hard to equal, 
and utterly impossible to surpass. The trade done in all the branches is most 
extensive, as will be readily understood when we state that the house 
employs at least twenty hands in carrying on its business. An establish- 
m-nt such as this, conducted with the greatest ability, .and giving the 
fullest salisfacti->n to the large and daily increasing circle of its customers, 
reflects the highest credit on the enterprise and business capicity of its 
much respected proprietors. The arrangements made for th-^ comfort and 
convenience of the ladies patronising the house with their custom are 
altogether admirable, and speak eloquently for the judgment used in their 
designing. The warehouse is furnished with comfortable seats, and 
well s ipplied with niTrors, etc., while private compartments are reserved 
for the measuring or fitting on of articles of underclothing. Especial care 
and atten'ion has been judiciously liestowed upon the selection of the 
stock of baby-linen, which includes infants' shirts, chemises, bibs, and a 
w hole host of other useful items which go to make the outfit of those tiny 
mor^,els of humanity. Babies' dresses are also strongly represented, .and 
include cos'umes of every description, from those of the more costly hand- 
embroidered patterns down to th >se of the plainest character and more 
moderate price. All the a-ticles, or mostly all, are manufactured on the 
premises, an arrangement which possesses the obvious recommendation of 
ensuring a superiority of workmanship which is not often obtained when 
the work is executed .iway from the direct supervision of the principals of 
the house. All orders entrustel to Mr. & Mrs. Lewers receive at their 
hands the closest and bast attention, and are executed in a manner which 
cannot fail to give satis''action to their customers, and reflect credit and 
reputation on their establishm-nt. The circle of Mr. & Mrs. Lewers' 
business connection includes within its circumference the names of families 
of the first distinction in Dublin society, and whose pitronage is in itself 
one of the highest testimonials a house co.dd receive. We much regret 
thit the United nature of the space at our disposal does not permit 
us to enter as fully as we could wish into something like a detailed 
description of the general stock of goods ; but it is for th's and other 
obvious reasons impossible that we can do so. We w luld, however, 
strongly recommend persons in want of articles like those we have just 
briefly' tried to epitomise, to pay a visit to Mr. and Mrs. L-wer's house and 
judge for themselves. We can at any rate guarantee thit, be they pur- 
chasers or nit, the courtesy and civility sho*n to them will b-; still the 
same, whether by either of the highly respected principals, or by the large 
and attentive s aff of assistants. There is no house in the retail ira-le, of 
its stindiiig, which is better patronised, 01 whic'n bears among commercial 
cUsses a higher character for integrity. 



T. & Ki. Dowse, Auctioneers anil Laud "Valuers, 
House nnd Estate Agents, loo, Middle .■\bbey Street. — .\ very well- 
ktiown firm of auctioneers and valuers is that of Messrs. T. & R. Dowse, 
who for many years have carried on a very prosperous and thriving busi- 
ness at the above address. F-tablished ab nit the year 1S4S, .Me-srs. 
Dowse have long rnjoyed the highest popularity in their important line of 
business, hiving been successful in fonmnj a connection of the most 
influential character not merely in Dublin and its suburbs, but all over the 
length and breadth of Ireland. Messrs. Dowse's establishment occupies 
very commodious premises at No. 60, .Middle Abbey Street, at which 
locality their offices are situated ; the latter being very tastefully fitted 
throughout in a manner suitable to the high-c'ass character of their basi- 
ness. The high rei>iitation which this well-known firm achieved at a very 
early period of therr career h is been fully maintained during the forty years 
they have been prominently before the public, the members of the firm 
individually taking the greatest trouble to secure the most perfect satisfac- 
tion of the clients who have extended their patronage to the house. The 
pro^'ssion of an auctioneer is one which requires the possession of special 
q lalitie , those of business ta..t and good address being particularly 
requisite. Many of the transactions, in which a firm cnga;ed in this line 
ol Inisiness is called upon to take a part in, require the greatest delicacy of 
mauipulatiim. Since the •' Laul Law, Ireland, Act, iSSi," was passed, 
this fiirn has devoted the greater part of their time and energy to the 
settlement of "fair rents" under that Act, having been retained by some 
of the largest and most influential landlords owning property in Ireland ; 
they have also acted largely for tenants, and during the past seven years 
they have valued or re adjusted the rents on some 7,000 farms to the 
eminent sa isfaction of their emjiloyers. They have also h.ad the high 
distinction of being called on by the Land Ju.lges to readjust the rents on 
property in the Landed Estates Court, while to landlord and tenant alike 
their principle having been a "live and let live" rent, amicable settlements 
have stamped theirlabours with the approval of both sides. In probate 
viluations this firm has had a large experience and infl lenlial connec.ion 
both in England as well as Ireland. The bu^ness which Mis.rs. T. 
S: R. Dowie have carried on wi h such eminent success for the past forty 
years has thrown them largely into the sot^icty of " all sorts and conditions 
of men," and it speaks highly for the char.acter the firm bears that they 
have at all times acrpiitted themselves in the carrying out of their instruc- 
tions in a manner which has proved them to possess ihc highest business 
a'.taininents. anrl given universal gra ificalion to their enq)loyers. We 
regret not being able, owing to the limited nature of oirr space, to give 
more than this hasty sketch of a firm which ranks deserveilly high in its 
special line of business. We need n t dwell on the I'.igh commerci.il 
repute of inis firm, but we mu>t, in conclusion, willingly bear testim uiy to 
the able and cflicient management of the business. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUni.IN. 



"3 



Mr. J. Thornton, Frait Mercliant and Florist, 6^, 

Grafton Street. — IVrli.ips in the whole r.inRe of comnierci.il pursuits 
it woulil be (lilficiilt to select a calling whicii, (mm its purely ;vsthctic 
point of view, is more disiinclly and emp)i.iiically atir.ictive than that 
of the fruit merchant anti florist, liiought by his tr.ade into the 
closest connection with the most beautiful am 'ng the bounteous jrifts of 
nature to man, the florist anil fruiterer must almost insensibly have his 
nature mouMeil into some kind of harmony "'ilh his surrounilinps. And 
though, no doubt, sordid cares and the troubles and worries incidental to 
business life are here experienced as well as in other associations, the 
pursuit i>f wealth is subjected, almost imperceptibly, to a certain ameliorat- 
ing and refining inlluence to which other i ride- or lines of bu'-incss are of 
necessity strangers. In the 11 iral branch of the business particularly, there 
is so much taste and skilled judgment re(|uired in the making up of floral 
crosses, wreaths, and bouquets, that it may almost be said to |)artake of the 
nature of an art ; and certainly the skilful qrouping of flowers, managing 
the combination of tlic varied anil lovely colours, and so disposing of the 
whole as to secure the most tasteful ilis|>Iay of their many shades of loveli- 
ness, is a labour of love which a true artist would be the last to dcprec ate 
or despise. We are leil naturally to the consideration of this suhject in 
having to notice the establishment of Mr. J. Ihointon, of 63, CIrafton 
Street, who carries on this charming business at that address. The 
premises occupied by this gentleman are very extensive, and arc most 
tastefully and exipiisitcly fitted, as the nature of his calling would suggest. 
Established about twenty years ago, Mr. Thorntim soon found himself in 
the very foremost ranks of those who were engaged in this line of business ; 
and during the lengthened period that has since elapsed, he has been 
enabled to form a connection which, from its influence, and the distin- 
guished character of some of the personages forming it, at the present 
moment places him at the head of the trade in Ireland. The stock of fruit 
at Mr. Thornton's house is always of the very highest character and 
<lescription, the high reputation he has gaineil being easily understood 
when his supply of fruit is looked at. The most celebrated gardens and 
greenhouses in Ireland are placed under requisition to supp'y him with the 
finest fruits in season, and he is thus enabled, in his tuin, to supply the 
nobility and avistocr.tcy of Dublin with fiuit and flowers for the decoration 
of their tables wdiich could not possibly be supplied by any other house in 
[he trade. Hot-house grapes and peaches, plums and stone fruits of every 
description, are here to be found in the most abundant prolusion, as well .is 
rare foreign fruits, of which he is a large importer. Delicious-looking and 
attractive as the display of fruit undoubtedly is upon the window of his 
establishment, it is nevertheless equalled, if not eclipsed, by the exquisite, 
rare, and costly flowers he has on view. From the simple but perfect 
moss-rose of native growth, and the more self-asserting beauty of the Globe 
de Dij'ii, we run thioiigh the whole chromatic scale of blossoming loveli- 
ness until we finally touch upon the various kinds of orchids, in whose 
rearing and culture fortunes have been spent, and other plants of the like 
«xotic origin. In the arrangement of bouquets .Mr. J. Thornton has long 
enjoyed the most foitunate of reputations, some of those on view at his 
establi>hment being perfect marvels of the art. In this branch of his busi- 
ness a very extensive tr.ide is done, his house supplying the c'lile of Dublin 
society with bouquets for ball or bridal, all of which are most deserveiily 
admired. All those bouquets are only made to order, and the greatest 
satisfaciion is invariably expressed, not merely with the articles themselves, 
but with the punctuality with « hich the orders are attended to. Another 
branch of the business is the sujiplying of floral wreaths and crosses tor 
funerals, etc., and here likewise a large custom exists, i^e fashion having 
very largely increased in recent years. To give our readers some idea of 
the distinguished nature of Mr. Thornton's connection, we may mention 
that besides supplying the aristocracy and nobility of Dublin, he has the 
much coveted honour of being appointed by special warrant fruiterer and 
florist to His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales (the only one in Ire- 
land), H.R.II. the Duke of Connaught, His lixcellency the Lord Lieu- 
tenant, His Serene Highness I'lince Edward of Saxe-Weimar, the Chief 
Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant, and to the olTicers' messes of Her Ma- 
jesty's forces in Ireland. -Mr. Thornton received the medal of the Royal 
Horticultural Society at their May Show in 1SS6, for a special and very 
choice show of vegetables and fruit, and holds similar valuable testimoni.ils 
from other bodies. In conclusion, we can only add one testimony to the 
universal re-pect in which Mr. Thornton is held by all classes of his fellow- 
citizens, among whom, one and all, he is deservedly popular. 



■William Green & Son, Tarning, Twisting, and Band- 
Sawing Works, 9 and 10, Loftus Lane, Capcl Struct. — rurnciy and its 
kindred accomjianiments have long held a jirominent and active position in 
the industrial operations of Ireland. At the b-ginning of the nineteenth 
century and many years prior to the introduction of the valuable agency of 
steam, the village turner occupied a popular place in the ranks of the 
mechanics of Ireland. Labouring under difl[i:ullies which few woultl 
venture to encounter in those days of mechanical skill and inventive genius, 
he pursued his operations, apparently free from any embarrassments, with 
the aid of his chisel and ihe apparatus which it would be an abuse of 
mechanical language to designate by the name of a lathe. Modern days 
have provided society with a vast iniproveinenl on the possessions of those 
times, and in no house in Ireland is this progress more exemplified than in 
the well-known cslabli-hment of William Cirecn & Son, situated at 
9 and 10, Loftus Lane, Capel Street. This concern has seen many 



vicissitudes in the operations of this trade since it wan established about 
seventy years ago by Mr. William (Ircen, the father of the present 
proprietor. After many years of successful operations the originator of the 
business tiKjk his son, the present proprietor, into partnership, and under 
their joint management the cone rn was carried on under the style tnti 
title of William (ireen & .Son, by which it is known at the present day. 
At the commencement, it is ncefUess to say that mechanism had not 
attained the degree of perfection and clalxiration that char.icterises it 
today. It is therefore rca'-onable to infer that the producing powcn 
of the business h,ad not then possessed the same facilities they have 
now commanded. However, it is on record that no house in the trade 
bore a higher repuf.ation for the superiority and general excellence of 
its productions. This high standard of perfec ion has improved under 
the exigencies of more favourable circumstances, and with the fncililici 
provided by high-class machinery and oth'-r noteworthy features, tlie 
productions of the house stand second to none in the kingdom. In turnery, 
twisting, and band-sawing, the concern has gained a reputation that is 
more than national. Hy submitting models, turning and twisting of the 
most intr cate character arc executed with the greatest neatness, despatch, 
and precision, that are synonymous with the name of William (Jiccn 
tS; Son. The premises are of moderate dimensions, and the fittings and 
appliances are of the latest and most improved pattern. The machinery is 
worked with powerful steam-engines, and in every respect the concern is a 
model of completeness and regularity. Employment is provided to close 
on a dozen men, and these are allowed to include some of the most 
care^il and skilled artisans in Dublin. The interests of the patrons 
of the establishment are fully and faithfully considered, and the large 
orders that arrive at the premises daily from all parts of Ireland are sufficient 
evidence of the satisfaction that is given. Under the ca cful and well- 
disciplined management of Mr. Richard (ireen, the destinies of a popular 
and old business house are safe, and scrupulous accuracy and general 
superiority will be adhered to. 



McDowell Bros., Jewellers, 'Watchmakers, and Manu- 
facturers of Iilsh Ornaments, 27, Henry Mrcet, an 1 39 and 42, L .»er 
O'Connell Street, and 10, >outh Great (Je.rges Street.— One of the ol lest 
and most respectable es'alilishments connected with the great industry with 
which its name has so long and so honourably been associated, is that of 
Messrs. McDowell liros., who occupy handsome and commodious premises 
at the above address s. Founded now more than forty years ago, the house 
has long enjoyed the utmost popularity among all classes of the citizens 
o.' the Irish metropolis, and has, during its long and prosperous career, 
formed a connection which may compare with that of most houses in the 
trade. The premises occupied by iMessrs. .McDowell Bros., in Henry Street, 
are rather square in form, the handsome frontage measuring about twenty- 
three feet across, and the interior decoration, fittings, and appointments, 
having been conceived and carried out in the best possible taste. The 
slock is large and valuable, and comprises a number of high-class clocks 
and watches, all of the firm's own manufacture, and reflecting the highest 
credit on the skill and workmanship of the makers. Some of the watches 
made for ladies' use we part cularly noticed, and were much struck by the 
beau'y and elegance of their design, and the admirable quality of their 
finish. We knoiv it is the fashion to praise loudly the workmanship of 
Parisian makers in this especial line, and we are not going to say a word 
against a nation like the French, who have certainly in the fullest degree 
this gift of artistic perception and execution which we denominate taste; 
but we venture to aflirm, without fear of contradiction, that there are 
watches in the stock of Messrs. McDowell Bros., and manufactured by 
themselves moreover, which in point of elegance, beauty of design, taste, 
or call it what you will, are quite equal to any m.idc either in Paris or 
elsewhere on equal terms. Among the clocks there are some beautiful 
designs in drawing-room c'ocks, conceived and executed in the highest 
style of art, and at prices marvellously mi^derate. We also noticed srme 
handsome and new designs in eight-day English hall clocks, which .struck 
us as being excellent both in design and workmanship. The firm, like- 
wise, have a large assortment of wood and marble dining-room clocks. 
Besides their comprehensive assortment of timepieces, .Messrs. McDowell 
Bros, arc distinguished as manuTacturers of bog-oak ornaments, which are 
becoming more and more appreciated in the h'ghest circles, and certainly 
the beautiful designs in this aitistic line of jewellery turned out by this 
firm deserve the patronage that is accorded to them. The beautiful 
settings in Connemara marble are now to be best seen decorating the 
c'lile of the drawing-room or promenade. In particular the splendid 
brooches, earrings, and hand rings, set with their Irish diamonds, call for 
the highest encomiums from the artistic world. .As presents for friends 
abroad we know of no more useful ani applicable articles that will revi\e 
in the exile's breast the love for the old laud. In addition to the speciali- 
ties already mcniioned, Me-srs. McDowell Bros, have also a vancd supply 
of articles of jewellery, such .as fine gold earrings, brooches and bracelets, 
aid gem, keeper, and all other sorts of rings. Another branch of the trade is 
that of silver and electro plated sugar-bowls or basins, ewers, tea-pots, 
cruet-stands, and other articles for the tea or diningtable. The firm are 
exhibiting a stand of Irish made jewellery at the London "Irish Exhibi- 
tion," and employ about fifteen hands in carrying on their important busi- 
ness. We shall here take leave of .Messrs. McDowell Ibos.' very prosperous 
house, merely remarking by way of conclusion that the firm are popular 
among the Dublin commercial classes, anl are widely esteemed (or the 
honourable way in which they conduct their business. 



114 



LVDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



,^S?^ 



Jury's Hotel, College Green, 
of the most famous he tels of the city of 
tinct and distinguished as that enjoyed 
lishment, foundtu 
upwards of fifty 
years ago, has at- 
tained its present 
mognilude and im- 
portance solely 
through the fulfil- 
ment of the com- 
mendable efforts to 
make it a beau ideal 
in its line. The pre- 
mises may well be 
ranked amongst the 
structural concerns 
that combine im- 
mensity with archi- 
tectural beauty. 
They are in close 
proximity to the 
Bank of Ireland. 
Some idea of its 
enormous dimen- 
sions may be had 
when we state that 
thelargeblock taken 
upis in front fully too 
feet, and has a side 
extension of not less 
than 150 feet. The 
interior arrangement 
lacks nothing to be 
found in the modern 
hotel, and the orga- 
nisation existing h 
perfect . The capat ity 
of the house may be 
estimated from the fact that it has 
smoking, billiard, and re-iding rooms. 



It has not fallen to the lot of many 
Dublin to maintain a reputation so dis- 
by Jury's Hotel. This notable estab- 



■ffS 







: M 




^'*iWft^?- 



'^WW^: 



over 100 bedrooms, dining, sitting, 

The bedrooms are carefully attended 

and weU aired, in addition to being furnished luxuriously and most com- 



fortably. In the same manner no false economy is recognised in the splendid 
articles of use and ornament that decorate the sitting-rooms, whilst the 
commercial and billiard rooms have every requisite for the business or 

pleasure of the nu- 
~ .; y "-'-: ' ; ' i-'r ' = ' ^" .~ v^: - •" — - ■ " ^"'''^ merous gentlemen 

"' ■ ■ who stop here. The 

reading-room con- 
tains all the leading 
daily papers and 
newest published 
works of literature, 
and a soothing pipe 
or aromatic cigar 
can be enjoyed 
thoroughly in an 
exceptionally well- 
fixtured smoking- 
room. The cooks 
have proved them- 
selves true artists, 
and have nobly sus- 
tained the good 
name and creditable 
title of the establish- 
ment. Visitors to 
Dublin, private and 
commercial, who 
throng this house 
never fail to find 
within its walls the 
proverbial Irish 
hospitality, which 
coupled wilhlhe re- 
finement and lu.xury 
to be had here is 
sure to make "life 
worth living." The 
afi'iiirs of the hotel 
are ably adminis- 
tered by the proprietor, and the enterprise and energy shown in the 
conduct of the business has brought the establishment into deserved 
prominence. Telegraphic address ; "Jury, Dublin." 



m 




J. Maloney, Costume Manufacturer, 45, Henry Street.— 

For .about twenty years -Mr. J. Maloney ha. successfully carried on the 
business of manufacturing ladies' costumes and aiticles of dress, and during 
that period his house has e.arned the reputation of being one of the first in 
its special line. This reputation has not been idly earned, as the most 
indefatigable energy and perseverance has been displayed in rendering tlie 
management of the business as perfect as possible, and in supplying to the 
customers favouring the establishment with their patronage, articles which 
in quality and workmanship shoulii be able to stand comparison with the 
goods of the first houses in London or Paris. Starting on these general 
principles, Mr. Maloney has been equally zealous in matters of detail, with 
the result that the house is not only one of the most successful in Dublin, 
but is also one of the best managed in the trade. The premises occupied 
by the house at the above address are very commodious, and possess the 
distinct advantage of a pleasing and attractive frontage. The establish- 
ment would prob.ably measure in its frontal width some eighteen or twenty 
feet ; and its interior, from front to rear, about one hundreil and ten. The 
fittings and ajipointments generally have been got up regardless of cost, 
and dispby very considerable taste and judgment from the dual points of 
view of utility and attractiveness. During the twenty years he has been 
cng.Tged in this lucrative and respectable line of business, Mr. Maloney 
has been fortunate enough to form a very large and important business 
connection, including names mixing in the higliest and most fashionable 
circles in Dublin, and has had the gratification of knowing that the work 
supplied has given the most universal satisfaction. All sorts and descrip- 
tions of ladies' costumes are here nnnufactured, the materials used being 
of the finest quality procurable in the markets, .and. it is unnecessary to say, 
of the latest patterns or designs in the various fabrics. Walking diesscs, 
dresses for evening or dinner wear, as well as cloaks, mantles, and ulsters, 
arc all manufactured in the establishment ; and a large and valuable stocl: 
is held, comprising an assortment of articles of the description just named, 
which is of a most irreproachable character, and which probably few other 
bouses in Dublin could equal. The arrangements in the esablishment 
are very complete, every care being taken in lookirg after the comfort 
and convenience of ladies using the house, by the provision of seats and 
lounges, mirrors, chcviil glasses, etc. The most noticeable feature in ihe 
house is, however, perhaps, the extensive workshops, in which the work of 
manufacturing the costumes is carried on, all the articles being made on 
th;: premises. In this department provision had to be made for the very 
larjjc number of eighty odd hands, all of whom, be it parenthetically 
remarked, are females ; yet everything goes on as smoothly as clock- 
work, and the healthy appearance ni those employed testifies in an 
eloquent manner to the care ami trouble evidently taken in providing for 
their comfort. We have, however, stronger testimony than mere ap- 
j>caraaces, which may now and again be deceptive, if such is needed, in the 



flattering report of the Government Inspector of Factories, who, in praising 
the general arrangements, and particularly 'he admirable way in which the 
workshops are ventilated, paid to Mr. Maloney a very well-deserved com- 
pliment. It is in such first-class establishments as this -.ve are just 
describing, the strongest roots of national commercial greatness are most 
firmly planted, and if there are many heads of houses in the country, as we 
sincerely hope and believe there are, possessing the same enterprise, 
energy, and aptitude for business as its deservedly respected proprietor, 
there need be little fear for the future prosperity of Irish commerce. Th.it 
a house in the comparatively short time elapsing since its foundation should 
have achieved the honourable position so deservedly held by Mr. Maloney's 
house is not merely a matter of congratulation for that gentleman himself, 
but is a cause of pride and credit to the tr.ide, with which for the twenty 
years of its existence it has been so credit.ibly associated. In t.iking leave 
of the interesting subject of this truly representative and flourishing Dublin 
house of business, we can only regret being unable to enter as fully as we 
could wish to do into the details of the business, and afford our readers a 
glimpse at the inner workings of the bu.sy hive of female industry in Henry 
Street, but we are compelled here to abbreviate our remarks. We will, 
however, in conclusion, merely .add that amopg the mercantile classes in 
Dublin, Mr. Maloney is thoroughly esteemed and rtspected for the way in 
which he has respected the principles of integrity and mercantile honour 
directing his conduct, and which has rendered him popular among all 
classes of his fellow citizens. 



The Express Laundi*y, 87, Mailborough Street. — Mrs. Mary 
Lynch, the esteemed proprietress of this vigorous and going concern, has 
attained her present position in the laundry world of Dublin by her prompt 
attention to business and the despatch of orders entrusted to her, for .Mrs. 
Lj nch has been established at S7, Marlborough Street for the last six years, 
and her enterprise has reached such a pitch of success that she now employs- 
n) less than thirty hands on her premises. With this large staff it in.ay be 
readily understood th.at .she is able to execute the work entrusted to her 
with admir.able facility and punctuality. It may be here adverted to, that 
in Mi's. Lynch's establishment no chemicals of any descri])tion are used. 
What this means need not be insisted. upon. The use of chemicals in a 
bundiy simply means the destruction of whatever articles of linen are sent 
there. In Mrs. Lynch's establishment, the only cleansing agents used are 
jjure soap and pure water, and these applied by the vigorous arms of her 
assistants, quickly expel the ilirt and give to all articles their original fresh, 
ness and cleanliness of appearance. Anoihtr recommendation which must 
not be forgotten is that .Mrs. Lynch'u establishment is conveniently situated 
for .all purposes. Mrs. Lynch has enjo>ed a long and highly prosperous 
career, and has every promise of its continuance. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



i'S 



T. J. O'Keill, Family Grooer, Tea, Wine, and Spirit 

and Provision Mcrohont, <>2, Lowir Dorset Sirccl. — The great develop- 
nuiit lli.il li.is lakcii [ilace within the past twenly years — or we may say 
fifteen — in the noilhcrii siile of Dublin, is a most reassuring sign of hope to 
these who are likely to be depressed by the wliobsale chatter of pessiniisiic 
jargon. Only a comparatively few years ago the site occupied by Mr. 
CVeiU's extensive and handsome grocery ami provision establishment w.as 
little better than a piece of waste land, and at the moment when we write 
it has been occu|>ied on all sides by neat and well designed houses spread- 
ing all over the district, and including the Drumcondra, ClonlilTc, and 
Glasnevin township. There is a considerable amount of wisdom in select- 
ing .is the site of a ncsv business a district only just springing up, in 
preference to starling in traile in some older locality where the rents are 
neces-^arily higher, and the competition of older estabfiOied houses has to 
be reckonetl with. During the comparatively short period that Mr. T. 
J. O'Neill has been in business he must have had ample food for congratu- 
lation on the subject of the selection of his site, a large and rapidly increas- 
ing connection h.avinglong since been formed. Mr. U'Neill's establishment 
is situated at 62, Lower Dorset Street, next lo the canal bridge, and i, St. 
Ignatius Road, and the re.irs of the houses, 60 and 61, Lower Dorset Street, 
and also stores and stables at 43, Belvedere Road. The establishment, 
which was founded some eight years ago, is a very handsome edifice, doing 
much credit to its architect, Mr. F. Morley, C.E., and the contractor, Mr. 
M. Moran, of Lower Dorset Street. On this handsome house, the frontage 
of which is of cut stone, Mr. O'Neill has laid out over two thousand 
pounds, and the result is, that the house is one of the most attractive 
in the neighbourhood. The interior is equally expensively fitted, much 
taste having been displ.aycd in the appointments, etc., and everything done 
to .add to the convenience of the customers, and to the efl'eclive display of 
the large and v.aluable stock. Since its inception, Mr. O'Neill's establish- 
ment has achieved a very high reputation for the excellent quality of its 
goods, and has received a very generous recognition from all classes of the 
denizens of the district. A special reputation has been earned for the 
excellent quality of the tea which the house supplies, Mr. O'Neill being 
fully alive to the importance of this branch of tr.ade, and keeping only the 
finest selections in his stock. This stock, which is both large and varied, 
has been most carefully got together, and purch.ased in the best markets 
for cash, and with an adniir,able display of judgment ; so that he is able to 
supply the requirements of the most diverse and exacting t.istes among the 
lovers of "the cup that cheers." The general stock, which is of a most 
comprehensive character, includes every article of grocery usually to be 
procured at first-class grocery establishments, and comprises sugars in the 
raw and refined states, coffee, cocoa, rice, barley, and all those other familiar 
articles of domestic consumption or use. The Provision and Italian Depart- 
ments are replete with every article necess.ary for the doing of a first-class 
business. Besides these, the very attr.ictive departments of dried and pre- 
served fruits, jams, jellies, etc., are well represented ; all the articles being 
of the most superior quality and procured only from the first houses in the 
wholesale trade. As wine merchant, Mr. O'Neill keeps a very select 
stock, including some fine old port and sherry — the latter from a light and 
palat.ible dinner wine, pale or goMen, to the most expensive brands. At 
the rear of the premises arc large bottling houses, where operations are 
carried on in bottling Guinness & Co.'s stout and Bass & Co.'s ales, wines, 
etc., in which a large trade is being done ; and as all the cpei-ations are 
carried on thus, on the premi>ej anil under the personal supervision of the 
proprietor, he is able to guarantee not merely the purity but also the per- 
fect condition of every bottle leaving his horrse. Again in whisky — which 
is a specialty with the house — Mr. O'Neill is able to offer his customers 
some very old Irish and Scotch whisky, the latter being of Messrs. J. 
Jameson & Son's manufacture. Taken altogether, the establishment at 
Lower Dorset .Street is a very thriving and worthy one, and fully deserves 
the Iiber.il patronage and support it has received since its commencement. 
It is unnecessary for us to add that Mr. O'Neill is very generally respected 
for his able management among business circles, and that the house bears 
a high name for stability. 



James P. Carr, Irish and American Provisions, 22, 

Merchant's Quay.— About a year .ago, Mr. Jas. P. Carr, a gentleman whose 
experience of busirress extends over many years, and h.as had opportunities 
of displaying itself in more than one continent in the new and in the old 
world, opened an establishment at 22, Merchant's Quay, in the wholesale 
Irish and American provision trade, in which he does a very large business all 
over Ireland. The LilTey is remarkable for the be.auty of the' buildings, by 
the feet of which flow its dark and muddy waters. As a person advances 
from its mouth and follows its course up-stream, he will catch a p.assing 
glimpse of the Custom House, Bank, Trirrity, the Rolund.1, .and the KouV 
Courts. Opposite this latter famous temple of justice, he may perceive an 
immense four-storeyed building which rears itself above all the neighbouring 
edifices. This is the famous provision stores of Mr. Carr. The outside 
decoration is, indeed, in the best t.aste and most striking beaulv. The colour 
of the vast pile of masonry is light blue, and on this beautiful ground are 
raised two symbolic representations of the two countries wh ise products arc 
sold within. The one representing the "New World" consists of the 
national flag raised in red .and blire, while the harp raised in green and gold 
stands for the "Emerald Isle." Arourtd both arc twined sprays of the 



national emblem, and the whole forms one of the most attractive and 
plea.sing features in the metropolis. The business, which is moht cxtcnvive, 
IS chiefly done in Irish and American provision, all the finest qualities and 
brands, consisting of hams and bacon of all the different cuts, of long and 
short clean, long rib, Cumberland cut, etc., suitable for city and country 
Ir.ide. The very great facilities afforded by the river of sending consign- 
ments by steamer, cause an evident increns<' in the busir.ess done with such 
distant parts of the country as lielf.xst, Waterford, and Cork, and in con- 
sequence enable the prices of this establishment lo tx: always considerably 
under those charged by other such firms in the city. The managerial 
qu.ilities of Mr. Carr arc, it goes without saying, beyond question, and the 
untiring perseverance and far-reaching energy he has always displayerl, m.-iy 
inileeil be held accountable for the major part of the success of the house of 
which he is the able manager and worthy owner. 



Anderson & Adams, Pharmaceutical Chemists, etc. 

(J. E. lirunker, .\I.A.T.( '. D., I'resuiunt i;f I'.S. I.), 6S, (.raf'on Street. 

Among the great houses carrying on business as pharmaceutical chcmLsts, 
there is none which more justly takes high rank in the profession than 
the old and highly respectable firm trading under the name of Anderson 
& Adams. This well-known house was established in the year 1832, and 
during the course of the whole fifty-six years in which it has l>cen promi- 
nently before the public, has eanied the very highest reputation, and 
obtained the warnwst recognition from all monng in the mo-t aristocratic 
and influential circles in Dublin society. The house occupies handsome 
and attractive premises at 68, Grafton Street, and is most tastefully .and 
elegantly fitted, as becomes its high-class trade. From its very inception 
the establishment gained a name among the higher medical practitioners in 
this city for the purity and excellence of the drugs used in the compounding 
of prescriptions, and for the promptitude with which prescriptions were 
made up, as well as the punctuality of their delivery at the residences of 
patients; and from this, if from no other cause, became worthy of the 
patronage so generously bestowed upon it. This good name the house has 
never for an irrstant endangered, and it stands as highly now in the estima- 
tion of professional men and the public generally as it did at any time 
during the p.ast six-and-fifiy years. It speaks highly for the skill and 
business capacity of its distinguished and highly respected proprietor that 
this should be the case, and augurs well for the future prospects of the 
establishment. The establishment contains a large and valuable slock of 
chemicals and drugs used in the preparation of medical prescriptions, all 
of which arc of the purest and finest description, neither judgment nor 
capital having been spared in making ihe assortment as complete as possible. 
The establishment, also, is well slocked with a varied assortment of instru- 
ments and surgical appliances, such as are generally to be found in high- 
class establishments of this description, all of which arc of the finest 
quality and of the latest invention or improvement. Beside; the drugs 
and chemicals, the firm are large importers of eau-de-Cologne and other 
scents and perfumes, besides— what is almost a specialty with the house— 
fo eign mineral waters. These latter are those generally ordered by medical 
men in certain cases, and are not generally to be had among the ordin.ary 
class of chemists' establishments. Dublin has long been famous for the 
possession of high-class houses of this description, comparing, indeed, 
f.rvourably in this respect with other cities and large towns ; and it is highly 
to the credit of the old-establishtd house forming the subject of our notice 
that, despite the fierce competition everywhere to be encountered, it has 
been able to maintain for so many years the position of prominence, not 
to say ascendency, it undoubtcdly'holds. Much of the success attending 
the house in the present period of its career is due to the skilful manage- 
ment and high professional attainments of the gentleman who at present 
and for many years has controlled its destinies. Mr. J. E. Brunker, 
M. A.T.C. D. , and president of the Pharmaceutical Society, the prestnl highly- 
esteemed principal of the house, is a gentleman long and widely known to 
the medical profession, and one whose name is quite sufficiently a gitarantce 
for the high respectability of any establishment with which he might lie 
connected. His long experience and high professional reputation has 
largely aided in still lurthcr widening the important circle of the house's 
business connection, and ensuring the support and confidence of rdl ils^ 
customers. The business regulations of the house are excellent, and every- 
thing is done that can be done lo ensure the smooth and easy working of 
the heavy tr.ade carried on. All accounts are furnished quarterly, namrly, 
at the end of March, June, September, and December ; an arrangement 
which must prove most signally convenient to the customers, while ensurin" 
the interests of the house itself. If, however, no account is opened, the 
transaction is looked upon in the light of a cash transaction, and the goods 
supplied are expected to be paid for within one week, and accounts are 
accordingly furnished to avoid their being overlooked. The firm very 
properly give notice on their printed matter of these sahit.ary regulations, 
thereby doubtless preventing many thoughtless persons from taking a 
wholly unnecessary oflence on being prest'nled with their .account at the 
end of the week or quarter. We may just add in conclusion that no 
house in the retail drug trade in Dublin bears a higher reputation for 
stability among commercial circles, or is more fully 'looked up to and 
respected for its honourable methods, anil the high sense of commercial. 
integrity and honour distinguishing its management. 



Tl6 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 




writ ^ A\ ^ K ij A © £_w Q) mMi 



Thomas W. Doyle, Coach. Builder, 30 and 30%, Upper Abhey 
Street. — The co.-ich-liuilding trade forms a branch of the highest im- 
portance, widespread re- 
putation, and vii;orous, 
flourishing, and well-sus- 
tained existence among 
the numerous Irish in- 
dustries. An eminent 
house engaged in this line 
is the important estab- 
lishment of Mr. Thomas 
\V. Doyle, situated at 30 
and 30^4, Upper .Ablny 
Street. It is now many 
years since this eminent 
factory was founded, and 
during that period of 
existence it has made 
rapid progress. It occu- 
pies a splendid position 
in a tine business tho- 
roughfare, and is centrally 
located in one of the first 
commercial districts nf 
the city. The premises 
consist of two largo iluee- 
storeyed houses, moiilied 
into oneextensive factory, 
with spaciousshow-iooms 
for the exhibit of niuip- 
ages, and a welladjutcd 
counting-house. These 
are respectively fitted up 
in most modern and at- 
tractive style, with h.inJ- 
some appointments, and 
are beautifully arran;;ed. 
The show-rooms contain 
a valuable and fas'iion- 
able stock of eq-.iipnges 



^ 




carriages in variety, phaetons, waggonettes, covered cars, outside jaunting 
cars in mo t fashionable designs, cabs, etc. Some of the most admirable, 

substantial, and fashion- 
able specimens of that 
favouriteone horse-power 
Irish roadster, " the Irish 
jaunting car,"tobe found 
on cab and car stands of 
the city, have been turned 
out from this celebrated 
faclory. Mr. Doyle has 
also been appointed con- 
tractor to Her Majesty's 
Government forthem.-inu- 
facture of Irish jaunting 
cars. There is a largely 
inereasingdemand arising 
inall partsof thekingilom 
for the elegant, anistic, 
and fashionable equipages 
manufactured at this es- 
tablishment. The con- 
cern is personally superin- 
tended by the deservedly 
popular proprietor, a gen- 
tleman of piactical and 
long exijerience, and pos- 
sessing the eminent qua- 
lifications of inveniive 
genius in mechanical art, 
superior taste, persever- 
ing industry, and pains- 
taking attention to the 
interests of his patrons. 
Under these inHuences, 
this celebrated firm has 
ri-en to an eminent rank, 
and successfully main- 
tains its position amongst 



in all 5t)les and des'gn^, including family | the many manuf;tcturlng enterprises of the kingdom. 



B.0SS, Miirray tc Co., Engineers, FlamVers, Iron 
and Brais Fonoders, etc., tto, 9lr92, and 03, Middle Abbey Street. — 
1 here is certainly n.> huuse in the wholesale plumbing and brass-founding 
line of business which can claim precedence of the celebrated establishment 
which forms the subject of our review. A most thoroughly represenlaiive 
house, in a hi<;h'y important tiade, the firm of Ross, Murray & Co. have 
long enjoyed a position of pre-eminence among the great commercial 
establishments of which Dublin is so justly proud. Founded just fifty 
years ago, the firm of Ross, Murray & Co., by their own close attention to 
business, and by the admirable character of the work they performed as 
plumbers, brass and iron founders, and sanitary engineers, soon established 
a name, and gained a popularity which they have maintained undisturbed 
down to the pie ent moment. The premises occupied by this old and 
highly respectable firm are situated in Middle Abbey Street, and are of a 
large extent, and running aw.ay from Abbey Street, in which their 
frontage lies, to Prinres Street in the rear. These splendid premises are 
fully fitted with all the requirements and appliances necessary for a trade 
conducted on a scale of the greatest m.agnilude, and aie magnifiontly 
stocked with a supply of materials of every description, such as are used in 
plumbing and sanilary operations. The trade of the house is both whole- 
sale and retail and extends all over Ireland, contracts of the largest kind 
being taken on, and cariicd out by the firm with the greatest <ase, owing 
to their compleic equipment with appliances and their large and expericnce.i 
staff of highly skilled workmen. The firm give constant employment to a 
large number of h.ands and have an extensive branch establishment in 
Ballinasloe, through which a trade is done all through the West of 
Ireland. The firm arc brass and iron founders as well as plumbers, and 
raakc all their own brass work, such as cocks and taps, and sluice valves, 
anil, in fact, every article in brass or iron used in the fitting and sanilary 
arrargcnitnts of dwellings. A large and very important brand) of their 
business is the fitting up of conservatories, greenhouses, etc., and we have 
before us an cngravinj^ of one of their latest successes in this line, which is 1 
certainly a (^f/ cCauvie. This is a magnificent conservatory fitted up by the , 
house for Ion Tiant Hamilton, Esq., at his country seal, and which is j 
practically a Crystal I'alace in miniature. The works in Middle Abbey | 
Street are very extensile, and are filled with all the latest and most modern 
improvements in machinery suitedjo the works carried on. These l.itter 
comprise all sorts of ]jlumbing operations, iron and brass foumling, cop|)cr- 
smith work, gas-fitting, manufacluiing pumping machines, hydr.iulic lifts, 
railings, fencings, verandahs, conservatories, hot water apparatus, kitchen 
ranges and stoves, sanilary fittings, and a number of other items loo 
numerous to be mentioned here, and whose uses it would take pages to 
cxjrlain. The firm have also added lately a cycling de]>artment, anil are 
doing a large trade in this line. Krom the foregoing brief enumeration ol 
some of the operations ciirricd on, the reader will be able to form an idea 
of the management that must be required in the control of such an industry. 



Of such an establishment as that of Poss, Murr.iy & Co. any city might well 
be proud. The connection of the fi'm, which, as we have stated, extends 
all over Ireland, embraces all the most wealthy and influential classes, 
the firm sending dov\n from Dublin batches of workmen under ex- 
perienced foremen to perform work at the mansions of country gentle- 
men. We wish it were within the scope of our article to enter as 
fully as we could wish into a further and more detailed account of this great 
hive of human industry; but the limited nature of the space at our control, 
and which in our absorption of the subject we fear we have already exceeded, 
prevents us from continuing much further a subject so very interesting and 
touching so closely the industrial welfare of Dublin. This city can have no 
fear of her commercial or manufacturing decadence as long as she can 
proudly boast of such establishments in her midst, and which give to the 
world the strongest and most convincing proof of her commercial vitality. 
There is, we trust it is needless to say after all we have stated, no house in 
Dublin, and probably out.side of it, which holds a higher or more honourable 
position, or which has done more to develop the resources of Bublin, than 
that of Ross, Murr.iy & Co., whom we heartily wish God-speed. 



Phillips & Co., Merchant Tailors, 4, Dame Street. — A jiromi- 
nent and thoruiighly representative house in connection with the great tailor- 
ing industry of bubliii is that of .Me^srs. rhilli]is & </o., merchant tailors, who 
occupycxtensivepremisesattheabove addre^s. Thisfirm makeseverydescrip- 
lion of gentlemen's clothing, and keeps extens.ve stooks of cloth in the embryo 
state, in all the newest patterns, and to suit the most fastidious of tastes, 
and constantly retains a large staff of eflicicnt cutters, tailors, and work- 
peojjle, for the proper execution of bespoke orders. The house is noted 
for the excellence of all garments turned out, and especially for their cut, 
elegance, style, and perfect fit, which is guarantecil. Among other 
s))ecialities may be mentioned the reputation the firm enioys for ils nav.il, 
military, and diplomatic uniforms. Messrs. Thillips & Co. cnjiiy the dis- 
tinction of being tailors by ajiiioinlment to almos; every member of the 
Koyal Family, and the nobility and gentry, ineluiling the lollowing : — 
His Rcyal Highness the Prince of Wales, His Royal Highness Prince 
Albert Victor, 'llis Royal Highness Prince George of Wales, His Excel- 
lency the Lord Lieutenant, the Commander of the Forces, His Serene 
Highness Prince Eilwar<l of Saxe-Welmar, His Serene Highness Pririce 
Francis of Teck, and His Grace the Duke of Abercorn. Special mention 
should be made of the Irish poplin smoking-suils supplied to H.K.H. 
Another speciality of this noted firm is a patent shooting co.it, which will 
prove very acceptable to sportsmen out of-rloors. It has a ilouble cnpe of 
waterproof, a capacious game-pocket, and a gun-bearer, in which the 
fowling-piece can be supported, leaving both liands at liberty. .\ very 
extensive trade is done among a large and impnrlant connection, anil the 
firm has justly gained an unsurpassed reputation for superiority in every 
branch of the trade. 



INDi 



"7 



W. Curtis & Sons. Brass Ponnders, Plumbers, Sanitary 
Enr;laoars, etc., etc., pS .ind oy, MiiliUc Alili- y Mien. -A |nr^uii. caMi- 
;ill. s^ri>lliii^' alonj; MuMle Abbey Street, coiiKl never furm an iile.i from a 
mere curKory (jlance of tlie inimcn'C liive of luiman incUislry whieli is Im-ily 
at work besiile him, within the precincts of the spicinus premises of Messrs. 
W. Curtis & Sons. These premises, which extend from Midillc Abl>ey 
Street in fr. nl to I'rinces Street in the rear, are of a most important cha- 
racter, and are fully worthy of the magnitude and greatness of the work 
carried on within them. Founded sixty-four year-i ago, the firm has long 
been celebrated as one of the very first of its kind in DuMin. The 
industry carried on in the manufacture of brass is of old and honourable 
origin, and we lind mention of it in the oldest records, of kingdoms and 
civilisations that have long Iwen extinct, since the old days when the 
artilicers of Kgypt and ancient Greece were accust imed, in a veiy primitive 
manner it is true, to fashion brazen gates or pillars for their temples, or 
armour for their warriors and kings. In the hands of such a firm as that 
which forms the subject of our present notice there can be no dread of this 
old and honourable branch of trade suffering any deterioration — the work 
produced at the foundry in Middle Abbey Street being fully equal to the 
best produced work of its kind. This extensive establishment gives employ- 
ment to many hand-', from one hundred and fifty to two hundred workmen 
being daily eng.aged. Messrs. Curtis & Sons have received the most flatter- 
ing recognition of their work. So far back as the Kxhibition of 1851 we 
find them rccivingthe silver medal for their productions; at the Koyal 
Jubilee lixhibition at .Manchester in 1SS7, the firm was largely represented 
by an admirable supply of articles of br.ass workmanship, including a set of 
double-flanged cocks and lock -levers for breweries and distilleries, a tray 
for brewer's cleansing ve-sel, with three 5-inch cocks for starling, turning, 
and washing combined, improved Smith's patent racking ap:>iraius with 
check-valve on air-pipe, lieer engine fittings, beer and spirit taps, fire 
brigade stand-pipe and fittings, light lubricator and oil syphons, and a 
great number of other articles. The sp.icious shop is excellently stocked 
with every description of article required in gas-fitting and generil house- 
work, everything being of the most improved .-iml modern make. The 
large slaflf of workmen, who are specially retained for the performance of 
work of this description, have been selected for their special fitness, and may 
at all times be relied upon to do their work promptly and efficiently. 
Another branch of the business, which is of course due to the great develop- 
ments in electric science, is the fitting to houses of electric bells, etc., as 
well as the more old-fashioned bells of our grandfathers' and our own 
period. In conclusion, we may confidently as ert that, taken upon the 
whole, the establishment of Messrs. Curtis & Sons is one of which any 
city, no matter how large and important, might be justly proud, as one 
representative of its commercial and industrial greatness. 



James Ferguson, Hairdresser and Cigar Importer, 3S 

a;i I 39, Lower .^bbey Street. — That " Nothing succeeds like success," is a 
saying as true, trite, and forcible as any we know o'', but when it is so well 
e-itned as it justly is by the hairdressin^ saloon and cigar divan, popularly 
known as Ferguson's, 3S and 39, Lower .^bbey Street, it adds additional 
pleasure in being able to state that the establishment \inder notice is probably 
one of the greatest succe-ses of the many known in Dublin during the last two 
de;ades of years. .Such were the thoughts that passed through our minds, 
as turning out of what George Augustus Sala has apily called " The finest 
tlioroughtare ia Europe " — O'Connell Street — we find ourselves in front of 
the establishment named above. Its extensive frontage, the upper part 
with its light and bright mixture of lavender and white col 'ur-, and its 
■jnier part of black and gol I aid massive plate glass windows, is decidedly 
uncommon and unique, and leads one to expect to see something " not seen 
every day." Insiile is this feeling ; the most exacting could not be disap- 
pointed, as entering through the beautifully des'gned and highly finished 
porch, you enter by the left hand entrance the hairdressing saloon, and find 
yourself in an apartment that, on its merits alone, can challenge comparison 
with any one of its kind in the three kingdoms, for extent, height, ventila- 
tion, and general completeness of detail in its fitting up ; we conless never to 
h^ve seen its superior, seldom its equal: the niosi critrcd will admit that 
there must have been an amount of taste, judgment, and liberal expenditure 
on It to bring it to its present complete state ; one is fairly puzzled what to 
arlmire most where everything challenges admiration, from the massive 
walnut double .scat in the centre of the saloon, to the dozen of highly- 
tinis'ied shampooing stands, with their silver-plated hot and cold water 
taps, so arranged as both waters flow into the one tube, and can be 
graduated to any temperature the customer may desire. Th-; specially 
made chairs, with their automatic headrests, the large mirrors by wlii.h 
each side is literally covered, the novel and effjctive mode by wh ch it is 
lighted by gas, to the massive mirror rcstin;.j on the marble mantelpiece at 
the end, and reflecting all, in fact, duplicating the en ire assortment in a 
manner which makes it a sight well worth seeing. Ileie the enterprising 
proprietor, Mr. James Ferguson, holds the helm. W'e must in justice say his 
eflTorts to guide his ship well arc ably and t-lliciently seconded by his stalT of 
assistants, to whom it is barely giving them their m:rit, when we siy that 
for civility and an evident desire to please their customers, we have during 
a long experience never seen them excelled. \\ ilh iuch an establishment and 
staff of skilled assistants, under the management of the civil and hard- 
working proprietor, one ceases to wonder at the never-ceasing stream of 
customers passing in and out from opening to closrng time. It is one more 
instance of what well-directed business capacity and energy can do. After 



leaving the hands of our attentive 'oifftiir, and looking quite ipriglilly and 
gay, we enter the cigar divan on the other side o( the porch, and while enjoying 
a< well-matured and fragrant a cigar as it h.rs ever l>ecii our lot to rio, we 
are afforded an op,ioriuiiily of inspecting as large, varied, elegant, and 
select stock of cigirs, of every available foreign and other brands, as it is 
possible to put together by the aid of a large capital and long experience, 
of the last of which the manager of this branch of .Mr. Ferguson's business 
possesses a large and varied slock. Here the smoker may Lecome possessed 
of .iny or everything of first fjuality ami (we sj^ak from experience) at 
moderate prices. Cigars ami cigarettes of every brand worth having, from 
the sunny shores of llavanna to Kennedy's of .'\micns .Street. Tobaccos, 
fancy and plain, the majority of whose names are not in the dictionary ; 
pipes, cigar and cigarette holders, in all the shapes and miterials that the 
ingenuity of m.m could make or gel, with tobacco-pouches, fancy anrl plain, 
match-boxes, from the engraved silver to the plebeian " Tandstickor, ' aiul 
the thousand and one little nicknacks that the present day smoker 
reriuires, down to the useful pipe-cleaner anrl homely clay. We have 
briefly glanced at the moit silient features of the twin establishments, 
presided over by Mr. James Ferguson, whose untiring energy and great 
business experience have enabled him to build up a dual business of whrch 
he may feel justly proud, and upon which we can honestly congratulate him 
and wish him a long lime of success, which his effjrts fairly entitle him to. 
In conclusion, we can say that either or bjlh saloons are well wjrth a visit, 
and feel quite sure that those who miy do si will, like ojrselves, leave 
tham with a feeling of satisfaction at the attendance received and purcha-.es 
made, that they do not always feel in leaving kindred establishmeats. 



F. Corrigan, Funeral Establishment, Jo's Carriages, 
Post Horses, etc., 5, Lower Cam len .S'.rect. — 1 he wellknowii funeral 
establishment of Mr. P. Corrigan is an old-established business, 
having been largely patronised by the Dublin public during its former 
proprietorship uniler Mr. Eu,;en Sweeny. Mr. Corrigan, on succeeding 
to this old-established business, has taken every care that the high name 
and reputation it has achieved shall in no way be lessened while under his 
management. Mr. Corrigan's establishment, which is very large and 
extensive, is conveniently located, and is fitted in a very tasteful and 
appropriate m.anner. Funerals of every description, and to suit all classes 
of customers, are here undertaken and carried out with the utmost pro- 
priety, winning from all who have unfortunately been in need of his 
services, the highest marks of gratitude and approval. There are a large 
number of establishments in Dublin devoted to this rather solemn and 
melancholy calling, but it is questionable if there be one which has, 
from all quarters, received more flattering testimonials as to the manner 
in which its business has been conducted than that of Mr. P. Corrigan. 
Mr. Corrigan is also in a large way a "job master," owning a great many 
vehicles, job carriages, and post horses, and doing a large and extensive 
business in supplying carriages for wedding-parties, picnics, and other like 
purposes. The establishment was founded by its late proprietor, Mr. E. 
Sweeny, about sixty years ago, and almost from the commencement of its 
career obtained a firm hold on the confiilence of the public, a confidence 
which, as we have stated, has been transferred to its present respected 
proprietor. Tnere can be no question thit under thi skilfiil management 
of .Mr. Corrigan, and with the care and attenti n devoted by him to 
his business, there is a long and successful future of development before 
the house which it certainly deserves. 



Joseph. Ka^.hbone, Tobacconist, 25. Upper Baggot Street.— 

In all respects .Mr. Joseph Kathbune inust be considered extremely 
fortunate, as far at least as his business as tobacconist is concerned. 
Personally this gentleman is the essence of what one would desire to see 
combined in the owner and manager of a "Cigar Divan." He is well 
acquainted with all the subjects of conversation liable to crop up under the 
influence of the fragr.ant weed, and to the charm of his discourse he adds 
personal attractions, both of manner and of character, that enhance every- 
thing he s.iys or does. Extensive in the highest degree is his knowledge of 
and experience in his trade, and so he has stocked his premises with a 
collection or supply of tobaccos of first rate quality, strength, and flavour. 
In the success of this establishment another most iinpjrtant item is its 
location. What more could a tobacconist desire than to be established 
near Balls Bridge ? These famous grounds are the scene not only of the 
greatest sporting meetings in Ireland, but also of the (amous Ilorse Shows 
of the Royal Dublin Socie y. Few wec'ss pass then that do not find these 
grounds overflowing, and as everyone is out for ple.isure, everyone almost 
without exception jubilates with a cigar or a pipe or a modest cigarette. 
Needless to say, Mr. Kathbone's busine-s is never slack when there are 
sports at Balls Bridge. The stock is very ext- nslve, and as the clientilt are 
of the higher classes, is composed princii>ally of smoking mixtures, cigars, 
etc. Eg)p ian and American cigarettes are largely s lil, and the tame 
remark applies to the assortment of llavanna cigars. Of the mixture^ 
Judge is sold at Ts. bii. per lb. ; Military, 6..-. 6</. ; People's, 51. : and 
Honeydew at bs. 6J. lb his numerous patrons Mr. Kathbonehas recenily 
extended the advant.age of a first-cLass and excellently ventilated billiard- 
room, and here congregate a number of the mot select of his customers, 
who come here, if not to play, for an easy and retired an ( luxurious lounge. 
Mr. Raihbone has another house at 44, Kathmines Koiid, and both ate 
distinguished by the ability of the man-^gcment under which they are 
carried on. 



ii8 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Eewley, Sens, & Co. (late Fawcett & Co.), Wine, Tea, 

Provision, Italian, and General Merchants, iS, 19, and 20, Henry 
Street. — The lioiise of .Messrs. Kewley, Sons, \- Co. is, we suppose, one of 
the 1-rgest and most inifortant retail firms in Dublin. The eslalilisl/mcnt 
was founded by the father of the present proprietor, about half a century 
ago, under tlie style and title of Fawcctt & Co. The name of the firm was 
■changed about twelve years back, on the retirement of Mr. Fawcctt. The 
house in Henry Street lias 
long enjoyed the most dis- 
tinguished reputa'.ion, and 
owned a connection in the 
family trade among the most 
influential and aristocratic 
circles, which certainly no 
other house in its li e in 
Dublin could possibly boist 
of. To this old estab- 
lished and respectable house 
Messrs. Bewley & Sons suc- 
ceeded, and during the year, 
the busineis has been under 
their control they have been 
fortunate enough, not merely 
in maintaining undimm.ed 
the lustre of iis reputation 
but even to succeed mate- 
rially in developing its re- 
sources and extending its 
■connection further. It is 
in the record-; and the com- 
mercial achievements of 
houses such as this, that a 
■city like Dublin has every 
right and every reason to 
take pride, for in the pages 
which record the history of 
their success is also, and at 
the same time, written her 
own prosperity as a com- 
mercial and mercantile ciiy. 
The premises occupied by 
thi^i old established and 
l.ighly respectable house 
are on a colossal scale, and are possessed of an attractive and imposing 




frontage, which makes the house one of the leading features in Ilenry 
Street. The premises would probably measure several hundred feet from 
iront to rear, and its width at its greatest part would roughly measure 
about a hundred. The fittings and appointments generally are conceived 
in the best possible taste, and are of a mist expensive and elaborate 
■character, being admirably designed to show off to the best advantage 
the large, valuable, and attractive stocks held by the house. Messrs 



Messrs. Eev ley's at prices from i6r. to 24^. per gallon, that at the latter 
price being of a special age and quality. The house also holds an cxten-ive 
stock of fi.ie old Scotch whisky, and also deals in brandies, rum, gin, and 
liqueurs of every description. The old reputation which the house obtained 
under the title of Messrs. Fawcett & Co. in the matter of tea it has been 
the constant aim of the firm to maintain, and with the greatest success have 
they done so. We can hardly do better than give a quotation from the 

_ firm's catalogue, to show 

the care and attention di- 
rected by them to this im- 
portant department of trade. 
" We continue," remark 
Messrs. Eewley & Co., "to 
devote unceasing j)ersonal 
attention to ih s branch of 
our trade, and are happy to 
say that the steady inert ase 
in the demand shows that 
our teas are appreciated by 
the public. Our K>ng expe- 
rience enables us to select 
those qualities of both 
Indian and Chinese teas 
which combine most suit- . 
ably, so that each of the 
kinds enumerated on next 
page will be found to 
possess not only strength 
and flavour, but, vaiying in 
degree according to price, 
a'l the desirable qualities 
vhich render tea such an 
agreeable beverage." The 
public fully appreciate the 
trouble taken by Messrs. 
llewley to provide them 
wiih an article of superior 
quality, and ihe house reaps 
the benefit in the further 
patronage bestowed upon 
it. The list of groceries 
.and other articles held by 
the firm is of a most com- 
prehensive description, comprising as it does every article to be found 
usually in first class houses, and many articles which until recently were 
never kept by grocers. A most important branch of Messrs. Bewley & Sons' 
trade is that ol provisions, a large stock being held of hams, cheese, butter, 
bacon, etc., and many other articles of daily consumption in the household. 
The house is also extensively supplied with an admirable and varied 
assortment of dried and preserved fruits, jams, jellies, pickles, sauces, 
preserved meats, soups, soaps, starch, and a host of other items. The firm 




Bewley, Sons, & Co. have long, in their capacity as family wine merchants, 
enjoyeri a high and disiinguished character for the quality of their wines ; the 
extent of their stock l)eing partially guessed at by a study of their compre- 
hensive catalogue. This slock, which must be extremely valuable, includes 
sherries ; Sicilian wines, such as Marsala, .Syr.icuse, and Zueco ; ports 
from i8r. 10 108/. per dozen ; clarets, burgundies, French while wines, 
German wines, champagnes, hocks and moselles, and a large stock of 
Hung.iran wines. The vaults containing this very large stock arc 
extensive, and are built under the premises in Henry Street. Next in im- 
portance to their wine (.tock is the admirable supply of old Dublin 
wh.skics held by the firm, and for which the house has long borne the most 
cn-/iable reputation. These whiskies, which it is needless to say are the 
fioductions of the most eminent Dublin distilleries, can be p-ocurcd At 



in their own line are among the Largest employers of labour in the city 
nearly one hundred hands being daily employed in Ihe varied departments. 
The arrangements made for the systematic working of the business arc very 
perfect in their organis.ltion, the vans, delivering parcels at the cuslomers' 
residences, arriving with all the punctuality of the post-ofhcc- indeed 
surpassing that venerable inslitution very ofien in this latter parliciilar. 
Certain days in the week arc regularly specified for the delivery of goods in 
certain districts. The establishment of Messrs. liewley, Sons, & Co. is 
emphatically an honour and a credit to Dublin, as it would be to any city, 
no matter how important, in which it was located. I'osscssing a long and 
varied experience of the " Modern Habylon," we arc unable to jilaire our 
finger on a single London house in ihe retail or family lr.ide which can in 
the least degree compare with " Jjcwiey's," as the house is familiarly called. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



IIS 



Messrs. Slansfield, Musical Instrument Sealers and 
Fancy Goods I>ep6t, 89 and 90, Gmfloii SlicL-t.— An oUI-cstahlislieil and 
.•miiiciuly relial.lc lirm engaged in drirssiig-l>ig and dc- p.ilch-bi)x nianu- 
faclurc, and tlic imj.'(rlation of PariMan and Viennese fancy roikN, in 
addition to trading in music and nuisic.il inslriMiienls, is that so wtllknoHn 
thriuigtiout the ouinlry as Messrs. Mansfield Uros., of 89, Grafton Street, 
a leading thoroughfare in the city of DuMin. This liousc was founded 
many years ago, and since the commencement conducted operations on 
a scale of considerable magnitude, until, at (he present lime, there is not 
a more influential concern in its dillercnt branches of industry than the one 
under notice. The premises occujiied comjirise a handsome shop and 
ware-rooms, and are w'cll litled and appointed for the reception of a 
high-class cliailfle, who resort to the shops and take delight in appreciating 
the splendid displays of golds on view. Valuable and comprehensive 
slocks .are maintained, compiising a firsl-c!ass selection of musical instru- 
ments, includng a choice variety of pianofoites, harmoniums, and American 
or.;ans obtained from the leading fon-ign and Knglish manuf.actorics. 







w^y^^- 









'A 



BD' V< 



Amongst the varied stock cf pianofortes will be found specimens of the 
•%vorld-renowned m.ikers — Collard & CoUard, Kirlcnian, Broadwood, 
Cadby, etc., both new and secondhand, at prices to defy competition. 
They arc also agents for the celebrated makers, Ilaakc, of Hanover, and 
Hoelling and Spangcnberg, of Zeitz, whose instruments received a large 
number of prize medals at the difTerent exhibitions within the last few 
•years. This department is kept well stocked with the newest English and 
foreign musical compositions and operas. In the second department, 
which is devoted to the sale of fancy goods and elcclro-plate, we fmd the 
stock held is of a very high-class nature, and is thoroushly complete, 
embracing a variety of dressing-bags, despatch-boxes, albums, leather 
and plush woik-cases, photo-screens and frames, purses, etc., of the most 
excellent make, as well as a miscel'aneous .assortment of articles to decorate 
the parlour or drawing-room, such as bronzes, brass and silver writing-sets. 
Their collection of fans is simply superb. The high-class character of this 
concern's manufacture h.is obtained for it an ever-increasing and widening 
connection, and it contains among its patrons names of the nobility and 
gentry all over the country. An idea of the high-cl.ass character of the 
trade may be h.ad when we mention that the distinctive honour of the 
patronage of II.K.M. the Prince of Wales and the Lord Lieutenant, by 
special appointment, is conferred on this house. Before concluding we 
must notice that the successes achieved by the firm have caused them 
to open a photographic gallery on the premises. The first-class work 
turned out by this studio has already made this venture a distinct success. 
The members of the firm have, by managerial ability combined with 
commercial rectitude, achieved for their establishment a foremost position 
-among the industrial institutions of the Irish metropolis. 



Bamardo & Co., Purriera, etc., r.nfton Street.— Among 

the many modern tr.adcs necessilaii;d by dame Fortune we vt:~- ■ '■ ■ ■';■ 
that carried on by the furrier. In this bu^incss ih- fi'm 
Harnardo & .Suns arc principally engaged. This notable c' 
was founded close on seventy years ago in Corlh Street, and since thcri we 
have no doubt that the amount of patronage accorded it has fultillcd 
the anticip.itions o( its founder. The premises, which are situat-d in the 
busiest thoroughfare of the city, comprise a well arranged shop, and many 
ware-rooms and work-room.s. The window is, in itstll a', least, a point of 
altr.iction for the fashionable promenaders who crowd this splendid street. 
It is arranged with many varieiies of ladies' apparel made from seal-skin 
and from the skins of many other animals, such as the tiger, lion, fox, etc 
The show here and in the large stock in the shop also comprises some very 
goo<i designs and patterns in mantles and capes, which arc made on 
the premises. Upstairs in ware-rooms is a second stock of articles already 
mentioned, and in the work-rooms are employed many competent fw/Ayv/, 
cutting, designing, and trimming goods for the stock in shop. The house, 
like the many others of its class, has to faithfully observe and keep pace 
with the ever varying changes in moles and fashions, and for the bet'er 
service of their di.nti'.e has adopt el the system of le^ng most regularly 
supplied from Paris with the newest samples of the latest introductioas 
there in ladies' outside wearing apparel. If there is one speciality that is 
more carefully attended to than another by the firm, it is th-; line of ladies' 
seal-skin jackets and bags ; and it is with a great deal of satisfaction to them 
that these really good articles are so largely availed of by the ladies of this 
city. The connection enjoyed is extensive and high-class, and among the 
patrons of the house the Lord Lieutenant is numbered. 

D. E. Corcoran, Surgical Instrument Manufacturer, 

124, Stephen's Green, \V.— .More than fifty years ago was founded in 
Dublin a surgical instrument manufactory, which, though limited in its 
operations, turned out some of the best work of its kind to be met with, 
and which h.as stood the severe test of time much belter than many of its 
widely advertised opponents, several of its earliest manufactures being still 
in perfect order and constant use. After several years the firm extended 
their operations, having obtained larger workshops in 22. Bachelor's Walk. 
Many patents, which have since proved their practical utility, were invented 
and manufactured, and many unfortunate sufferers had their condili-n 
ameliorated through the practical skill of the above-mentioned firm. 
(iaining yearly in connection, it was found absolutely necessary to cbti.ii 
larger premises, and the present proprietor, -Mr. D. E. Cororan, was .at 
l.Tst fortunate enough to secure an extensive site at 124, Stephen's Green, 
which, from its position near the Royal College of Surgeons, is most 
favourably placed to suit the convenience of the medical profession. 
.Mr. Corcoran's connection is much more extensive than would at first 
nppcar, as in .addition to a most liberal patronage by the medical profession, 
he holds a large percentage of the Irish Poor Law Contracts, and has many 
wholesale customers amongst the leading Dublin and provincial druggists. 
.Mr. Corcoran's aim is, and always has been, to establish the surgical 
instrument trade as a home industry. And he has not been disappoidted 
l)y the result of his enterprise ; steadily adding one branch after another, 
the business now embraces almost every department of this intricate art, 
and is the only manufacturing one of its kind in Ireland. We should 
recommend any of our readers requiring Mr. Corcoran's specialities as 
mentioned below, to consult him before sending their orders out of 
Ireland. They can be served equally well and cheaper at home, and home 
industry and enterprise should be encouraged. Ihe rnost important of 
Mr. Corcoran's manufactures ate artificial limbs, for which the first prize 
medals at the Dublin Exhibition, 1872, London Exhibition, 1873, and 
Dublin Exhibitions, 18S2 and 1S85 were awarded ; deformity apparatus for 
correction of club feet, knock-knees, curvature of the upper and lower ex- 
tremities, spinal curvature, etc., etc. In addition to articles mentioned, 
there are also manufactured trusses for all kinds of hernia, and strong 
trusses for hospitals and the working classes at very low rates. Another 
line is that of anatomical boots, which give the natural position of the feeU 

Briscoe's Carriage Factory, Summerhill.— There is no better 
house in IJuMin crgagtd in the manufacture of carriages than that of 
Mr. Joseph J. BrisJoe, of Suninieihill. The factory, which occupies 
a space of over 12,000 superficial leet, consists ol body and carriage lofts, 
where the bodies of the carriages are made ; smith's forge and fitting 
shops, where the iron and plating work is performed ; wheeler's shop, wheie 
all wheels arc made by hand and of well-seasoned materials. W hen the 
carriage is mounted it is sent up to the trimming and paint lofts, where it 
passes through many more careful processes before being exhibited in the 
show shop for sale. There are also attachet] to the factory spacious stores 
where the timber is seasoned before being fit for use. In the van depart- 
mtntof the factory every description of vans, etc., are repaired and built in 
a most superior and crediable manner. The family of Briscoe has been 
engaged in the coach-building tr.ade since the middle of the eighteenth 
century, the present proprietor's father being the principal coach-builder 
in the town of Birr, King's County. The great and practical knowlexlge 
of the trade possessed by the present proprietor, who was for over twenty 
years principal and managing foreman to the firm of Messrs. Hutton, has 
secured for him a strong connection and an increasing trade. Indeed, in 
fine, we can safely recommend owners and intending purchasers of carriages 
to this factory, where their orders will receive the utmost attention, and 
the personal supervision of the proprietor. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Wm. Snssell & Co., Tea, Wine, and Spirit merchants, 

5. Lower Sickville Street. — The estalilishmeni trading under the style and 
title of Wm. kus=ell & Co. j.; one of the oldest and most respectable in the 
wholesale and retail grocery trade in Dublin, having been founded by Mr. 
\Vin. Russell so long ago as 1827. The busines-; manyyearsago passed into the 
hands of its present highly respected proprietor, Mr. Gerald Mooney, under 
whose skilful and experienced control it rapidly developed, until it attained 
the hi<»h c0mmerci.1l position it fills at the present d.ay. The firm of Russell 
& Co. were well arid extensively known as the New East India Tea 
Company, having been about the Inst Dublin house to introduce into the 
Irish market the Indian grown teas— a commodity that, in its popularity 
and the favour it has succeeded in winning from the tea drinking popu- 
lation generally, bids fair to place somewhat in the shade the Chinese 
product. The establishment occupies very large and handsome premises in 
the main thoroughfare of Dublin. It is fully stocked from floor to ceiling 
with an expensive and valuable stock of groceries, the place of princip.il 
importance being nalur.illy, from the traditions of the house, occupied by 
its store of teas, which is of great magnitude and value. In the Laying in 
of this superb assortment the proprietor has bren mindful of the old name 
and reputation of his house, and every care has been taken, and the 
highest judgment exercised, in making a collection which cannot be sur- 
passed. This stock consists of the finest imported teas from the most 
favoured tea-growing districts in India and China, and in quality, strength, 
and flavour, as well as in variety, offers the fullest facility lor satisfying the 
most varied tastes among tea-drinkers. Mr. Gerald Mooney has had long 
experience of this variety of taste existing among lovers of the " Cup," and 
in making his selection of teas has largely benefited by it. The stock 
of wines is another matter in which the utmost judgment has been used, 
and with a like satisfactory result. The binns are well supplied with 
an admirable assortment of bottle* wines, including some very rare old 
port, and some still more rare and expensive in the crusted line. The 
sherries cover a large ground, extending from a light and highly palatable 
"dinner sherry," at a price that is really moderate considering its ex- 
cellence, to more expensive pile and golden wines such as the favourite 
Amontillado and Vino de Pasto. The house has long borne a very high 
name for the quality of its rare old Dublin whisky, than which nothing 
finer or more perfect in quality is procurable. Messrs. Russell & Co. are 
]ar"e buyers of that famous Dublin whisky, Messrs. Jameson & Son's, 
and can guarantee their customers the finest whiskies of that renowned 
house. The firm also supplies the celebrated stouts and [jorters breived by 
Messrs. Guinness, and in this line, as well as in all departments, they sup)ily 
the bottlin" for the numerous hotels in the neighbourhood. The establish- 
ment, as we have said, contains in its general grocery stock every article 
that can be desired, particular attention being given to the loastmg and 
grinding of their coffee, which is, like every other article they hold, of the 
purest and best. The stock comprises sugars in the raw and refined state, 
cocoas, chocolates, rice, pepper, and spices, and condiments of all kinds, 
as also candles and other matters of household necessity or us;. An 
attractive branch of the trade is the supply of dried and preserved fruits, 
such as layer and muscatel raisins, currants, figs, and almonds, and others 
used for dinner or dessert purposes ; and preserves, such as jams and fruit 
jellies, in great variety and general excellence. Another branch, and one 
in which an extensive tr.ade is done, is the sale of polled and preserved 
meats, fish, and soups— a branch of the business which may be termed of 
purely modern development. The connection of the house is very extensive, 
extending not merely among influential family circles in Dublin, but also in 
many other parts of the country, the trade being by no means limited or cir- 
cumscribed by city boundaries. The establishment of such a house as this 
which, for three-score years and upwards, has been honourably associated 
with the tea, wine, and spirit ti.ade, is a credit to the enterprise of its 
proprietors. It speaks highly for the business capability of it» resp»ctcd 
proprietor that, in spite of the heavy trade competition, he has been enabled 
to win for his house the important commeicial position it undoubtedly 
occupies, and which entitles it to rank among the most prosperous concerns 
in Dublin. Mr. Gerald .Mooney is, among all classes of his fellow-citizens, 
whether customers or rivals in trade, exceptionally popular. 



Messrs, W. Hayes & Co., Fharmacentical Chemists 

and Wholcsalo DrnggUts, >2. Grafion Sireet.— Ihis celebrated firm, 
from its c'jn^picuous |ii.'.iii.,n in the main thoroughfare of the Iiish 
mciropalis, enjoys advantages which arc accorded to lew, if any, of Messrs. 
Hayes' rivals. Their shop is a hands'jme and a well-fitted one, and has 
all that dignity of appearance which one naturally associates with a great 
and prosiHrrous firm. The trade carrie<l on is of a sound retail family 
character, and we think we arc well within the mark in stating that no firm 
of druggists or thcmi~ts annually receives more physicians' pre-criptions to 
be maiTe up than doc» the firm of Hayes iV Co. In addition, however, to 
the ordinary business of pharmaceutical chemists, the .Messrs. Hayes have 
several specialities of their own, of which the following have leceiveil the 
highest praise for excellence, viz.; their cfleclivc Ionic dental preservative, 
their efficacious syrutis of lime and soda, their great nerve tonic, as well as 
their numerous • ent f.ices and tooth pastes, iogelh-.-r with their many 
veterinary pre; aratio i>. In particular, their Icmp-.rancc beverages, the 
cliief of which is Ci..ncentratcd Umonadc, find iheir w.iy into almost every 
h .inc in the country. In lh;ir entirely, their specialiiies, as well .as every- 
thing they retail, hare b;en declared by the popular voice to be unexcellel 



for purity and efficiency. Among the many speciiics, on the undoubted 
curative efficacy of which the reputaton of this firm has very largely been 
founded, we may note, en passant, a highly effective remedy for that minor 
bodily ill, which nevertheless deserves to rank as a terrible affection, tooth- 
ache. The essential merit of this well-known preparation is. that no 
caustic elements enter into it. In too many toothiche specifics such power- 
ful remedies as carbolic acid, oil of cloves, etc., are used, and these, it need 
hardly be said, are dangerous remedies, having a tendency to corrode the 
gums and lips, and make the last state of the w.n.ing and agonised sufTerer 
worse than the first. A leading feature of this prominent establishment is 
the composition of family medicines, to which the Messrs Hayes give 
especial and, we have not the slightest doubt, deserved attention. As we 
have already stated, the business of this fiim is chiefly that of attending to 
family wants and the making-up of physicians' prescriptions. For this 
reason the Messrs. Hayes are solicitous to invariably supply their customers 
with drugs and healing medicaments of uniniiieachable quality and of the 
veiy greatest suitability to the purpose in view. They are also large holders 
of patent medicines, and in the list issued by them of patent medicines in 
stock at their extensive establishment, we have found every name of note 
and eveiy medicine of repute and sound medic-il qualities, while their 
facilities for procuring prompily the newest medicinal remedies are of the 
best. Again, the proprietors are agents for several articles of general con- 
sumption which do not come within the category of medicines. Thus we 
find them supplying and holding a large stock of mineral waters — Apollinaris, 
Hunyadi Janos, Carlsbad, and every other genuine medicinal water of 
repute; Maw, Son, & Thompson's feeding bottles; soaps by the best 
makers, which to enumerate would be both tedious and unnecessary. 
Suffice it to say that a first-class stock is held in every department, and that 
a large and high-class business is done. 



J. M. Gallagher, Cigar Importer, 19, Charlotte Street.— A 
well-known and well-conducted house is that of Sir. J. M. GalKigher, 
tobacconist and cigar importer, of No. 19, Charlotte Street, and lA, 
Harcourt Street, Dublin. It has only been established for four years, but 
it has, nevertheless, by honest and straightforward dealing, gained a most 
desirable reputation in the city. The premises occupied in Charlotte Street 
are large, commodious, and well adapted to the requirements of such a 
trade. They have a frontage of twenty-seven feet to the roadway, with a 
depth of fifteen feet. The shop is neatly fitted up with a good counter, 
handsome shelves, and show-cases. In the window ihere is always a nice 
display of the different goods offered for sale arranged in pretty fashion. 
There is always a good stock on hand, comprising a fine and varied assort- 
ment of cigars, foreign and homemade, of the best brands ; fine tobaccos, 
loose and in packets, from the best manufacturers, roll and twist. The- 
speciality of the house is its cigars — five for a slulling— which will be- 
found a splendid article for the money._ The collection of meerschaum, 
briar-root, bog-oak, and other pipes, is very extensive, aiul of good quality 
and workmanship. Tobacco pouches, fusee and vesta buxcs, cigar and 
cigarette cases, and many fancy articles connected with the tr.ade, can be 
bought at moderate prices. The establishment in Harcourt Street is also- 
nicely fitted up, and contains a stock similar to the one just mentioned. 
Mr. |. M. Gallagher supervises the whole of the business, conducting it 
with great aliility and judgment. He is very popul.ar among his cuslcmiers 
and the public generally, by whom he is justly co.nsidercd a thoroughly 
honourable tradesman. 



A. B. Hamilton, Newsagent, 6, Great Brunswick Street. — 
There is no intellectual inclination uf the public so attentively and so fully 
consulted as their taste for what is called liieraturc. There is in Dublin 
consequently — for in the metropolis of Ireland every one reads or wants to- 
read — no dcicriplion of business in which competition is so keen, and which 
requires such energy and ability in him who seeks the public favour and so 
success. Mr. Hamilton possesses in a striking manner all the necessary 
qualifications, and his undoubed merits have been accorded but their just 
desert in the prosperity which has thus far attended this gentleman's eflorls. 
In his wintlow, besides a large and wontlerfuUy comjileic slock of fancy 
goods, are set out the periodicals in which .Mr. Hamilton tr.ades. These 
consist of the Dublin as well as the London weeklies, comics, which un- 
fortunately too ofien become vulgar, and serious ones, which happily are 
often ridiculous in their solemnity. Here also may be hatl the jiiciorial 
monthlies, the Graphii, Illustrated Lond^m News, the Ladys J'litoria!^ 
etc., as well as .all the reviews both tnglisli and Irish. The daily and 
evening Dublin papers are sold off with aniaz 11;; rapidity, and it is only the 
last editions that are sold when they are obtainable. Of course the busi- 
ness would be altogether incomi)lete without cheaj) books, and of these the 
slock on hand is large and selected with extreme caie and good judgment. 
Cheapcdilionsof the novels of Dickens, .Thackeray, Disraeli, G. 1'. R. ja iics, 
Kenimore Cooper, and such masters of fiction ate ofiercd at sixpence, while 
for the .still more insignificant " thrcejienny bit" the seriously inclined may 
l)urchase some of the " cbssics " publishol by Messrs. Cnsscli, Ward 
& Locke, Longman, or Routlccfge. Mr. Hamilton adds to his businiss 
ca|>abilities a bonhomie whii.h attracts lo his shoj) many cusiinuers, and 
in both docs one find the basis on which h: has so firmly built his flourishing 
and progressing concern, 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



121 



P. Beakey. House and Chorch Fornisher, 39 and 40, 

St.UTord Strcci.— The ilibiingiiishtd .-ind jusllv ci-li-liralcil h<iu-c of I'.itrick 
BcAkcy, cabincl-makcr, iiplioUlcrcr, .iiul cliurch furniture manufacturer, 
which i-i situated as alnivc, was established by the late Mr. Patrick lifakey 
moic than seventy yeirs ago, nnd is the oldest general church furniture 
manufactory in the city. During the years it has been in existence it has 
gr.iilu.illy and steadily advanced in iniblic favour. The premises, situate i 
at the corner of Mary and Stafford Streets, and within four minutes' walk 
of the Cicner.il I'ost OfTicc, present a commanding ap|warance. About 
twenty years ago this house was destroyed by fire, and the present hand- 
some structure h.is been erected on the ruins at a cost of moe than ^^5,000. 
The factory has been recently enlargeil. The whole establishment receiv.:s 




that personal c*ie and superintendence which .alone ensure satisfactory 
results, and enable the house to maintain its high reputation, both for 
style and workinanship. To assist him .Mr. Beakey h.TS about fifty skilled 
and experienced workmen and assistants permanently employed All 
thes; are under the watchful eye of the enterprising manager, who is thus 
able to guarantee the excellence of the goods turned out from his factory. 
The connection is a most extensive one, reaching all over Ireland. A 
laige business is also done in exports to llngland and .Australia, where the 
firm enjoys a very high character. The Catholic church furniture manu- 
factory i> extensively patronised by the bishops and priests of Ireland for 
carved wood altars, confessionals, vestment cases, pulpits, station frames, 
benches, and general household furniture ; by the convents for choir stalls, 
communion rails, prie-dieus, sedili.as, and cell furniture ; by the colleges 
for desks, forms, beds, chairs, ma"tresses, etc., and also by the industrial 
schools, orp'ianages, hospitals, and .asylums, from all of which testimonials 
expressing satisfaction at the diflferent articles and the work done have been 
received. 1 he stock of household furniture is the largest in Dublin, and 
comprises every article that can be mentioned, and suitable for every class 
of house, from the mansion to the cottage ; and the prices will be found 
very moderate and reasonable, and can safely be compared with the prices 
charged by other houses for inferii r g'lod-. Mr. Beakey has won four 
prize medals in the Dublin Exhibitions of 1S53. 1865, 1872, and 1882, 
which were awarded to him for the superior excellence of the workman, 
ship of his goods. From the foregoing facts it will be re.idily gathered 
that a most extensive business of a very high class is conducted by Mr. 
Patrick Beakey, which is not confined to Ireland alone, but has a practically 
•world-wide connection. 



Tames Sooney, Tobacconist and Cigar Importer, 17, 

'SutTolk street — .\ very noteii house in the trade with which it lias been long 
and honourably associated is that of Mr. James Kooney, tobacco merchant, of 
the above aliiress. Established for over twenty-two years, this highly 
respectable house has long been a popular one with all classes of smokers 
in the Irish metropolis, and has eirnel the hiijhcst reputation for the 
excellent quility of its cigars and toba:co. The establishment, which has 
been enti.ely rebuilt at a cost of alxjut ;^3,cxx5, occupies exceedingly 
handsome premises it No. 17 in the above street, and form^ an attractive 
and noticeable feature in the thoroughfare. The frontage of the new 
house is of cut stone — Irish granite froju the quarries at Ballinasloe — and 
measures about twenty-one leet across. The interior appear.ance of the 
house is fully in keeping with its attractive outward aspect, being fitted 
'hroughout in a very tasteful and elegant fashion, and wiih a dual view to 
utility and c im''ort. The connection lormed by this house is of very great 
extent and of an influential character, numb -rini^ amo g its customers 
nany gemlemen of the highest social and pro essional standing. The 
stock, which is large and viried, comprises a fine selection of the choicest 
Havana cigiis, all the more favourite and fashioiuble kinds of tolxicco, 
•foreign and fancy snuffs, meerschaum pipes, and other articles of a like 



description usually procurable at every first class tobacconist'^ establish- 
ment. A very attractive feature in the slock is the selection ..f pipes 
above referred to, comprising as it docs many admirable s|)eciiiicns of 
carving, some of the \»]>c% being extremely artistic both in design and 
workmanship. The stock also incluiles a large ass^jrlmcnt of rach 
articles as toltacco- pouches, ci(;ar-cascs, light-boxes, and many others of 
an attractive charaiter. Kvery article soM, from an Havana cigar worth 
two .shillings to a cigarette procurable for a |ienny, and from a meerurhauin 
pipe to the more homely briaimot, is each in its way equally goixl and 
of superior quality. No house in the trade stands higher or is more 
generally patronised. 

Christopher O'Neill, Wholesale and Retail Grocer, 

wine, and Spirit Bfcrc^ ant, I ;•>. Iii>er llorsel .'sir.-.t. Ani.ii;; th'.M.- 
I stablishnu-iits wlinse business is of a distinctly prosp';rous and res]>ectablc 
character in Dublin, we must not forget to mention the grocery, wine, 
and spirit store of Mr. Christopher O'Neill. It is well situated in a busy 
and populous part of the city. It has a good record extending some 
thirty-four or five years back, and the e is no doubt that in the hands of 
.Mr. O'Neill, who has only within the List few months liecome iis pro- 
prietor, this business will uphold the lr.iditions of ancient days and b-come 
still more prosperous in the future. The house has recently lieeo 
thoroughly renovated and redecorated from top to bottom, and it is now 
one of the handsomest shops in the city. It has been most elegantly 
fitted up with all modern improvements. .Mr. O'Neill's efforts, however, 
have not been wholly confined to the adorning of the walls of his house, 
for he has laid in a stock of the best articles which are in grea-est demand 
in his neighbourhood. From front to lack the shop measures scarcely less 
than one hundred feet, and all this hrge extent of surface is required for 
the storage of the goods with which Mr. O'Neid has provided himself. A 
large staff of assistants are in attendance to minister to the wants of cus- 
tomers, and Mr. O'Neill himself m.iy be seen ever)- day su|Krin'ending 
with zealous care the whole internal arrangement of this noted establish- 
ment. It may well be imagined that the care of such a business demands 
more than ordinary capacity, and, indeed, such is the case; and Mr. 
O'Neill has proved himfelf equal to all demands. The house is one 
minute's walk fr 'm Br ad>tone terminus, and famous for its large supplyof 
best teas and rofiees, also for the best preserves in the market. 



Miss O'Connor, Old Chandlery Establishment, 45, Lower 
Camden Street. — This old-established concern w.as founded in the year 
1838, and has enjoyed a thoroughly prosp;rous career, and is now one of 
the best known establishments of its class and largely patronised by the 
metropolitan community. The premises are extensive, having a frontage 
of eighteen feet, and a depth of fifiy-'our feet. The warehouse is h.-ind- 
somely fitted up, and well-arranged in all details, and with its (aluable and 
varied stock presents a very attractive appearance. The stock is most 
comprehensive : embracing colza oil, benzolicc, rock, and parafKne oils, 
methylated spirit, mould, composite, paraffine, and wax candles, carriage 
and night lights, matches, blacklead, starch, tallow, brown, pale, and 
.soft soaps, lamps, lamp wick, bru hes in great variety, sponges, brooms, 
lamp glasses of all kinds, and fancy soaps, laundry blues, bath-bricks, knife 
polish, and a fine, well-assorted stock ol^ ironmongery and various household 
requisites. All articles have been procured in the best known markets, 
personally selected and purchased on best possible terms. There is a fair 
staff of assistants employed in the several depailments. An extensive and 
very widespread business is being done at the select establishment, which 
is well sustained by a long-established connection, the trade being of the 
retail and local character. The customers are well served ; in drawing 
their supplies they can have a splendid and varied stock to select 'rom, 
every item being of best quality, and disposed of on the most moderate 
scale of prices to be found compatible with genuine firsl-cla-s articles. The 
concern is under the personal superintendence of the proprietcss, who 
possesses highest qualifications, and is thoioughly estejmcd by her numerous 
customers and friends. 

r. Hill Electro-plater and Gilder, 29, South Anne Street.— 

Energy and enterprise are struiigly exhibited in the establishment of Mr. 
F. Hill, electro gold and silver-plating works. This house is well situated, 
and admirably aaapted in every way to the carrving on of the business to 
the best advantage, being replete with .ill the most recent improvements 
and appliances for the rapid execution of the work, and giving con- 
stant em|iloyment to skilled workmen ; in fact, the proprietor is a 
/«></<{ fi./d iradesm.in, thoroughly m.aster of all the intricacies and details of 
his bciutiful art, and possessing all the modern plant for making new 
articles and rcgilding and electro-plating old ones. Besides rcgilding, 
repairing in all its branches is done upon the premises, and estimates are 
given free of charge l.arge or small orders receive equal attention ar.d 
are executed satisfactorily, iiromptly, and punctually. A tabulated price- 
list is published, which will be found arranged upon the most moderate 
basis, and the prices given in three scales, according to the quality of die 
gilding. The spiriteil proprietor, Mr. F. Hill, is a gentleman who 
occupies a prominent position in commercial circles, and by his well-known 
business capacity and ste ling integrity h.as gained the esteem and con- 
fidence of the trade. Personally Mr. F. Hill is held in the highest respect by 
his numerous p.atrons for his courtesy and geniality upon all occasions 
'.vli le liis business is in every re.^p cl a credit to the 'act and skill wi h 
which he so ably and successfully conducts it. 

I 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



Sichardson & Fletcher, Manure Uannfactarers, Rings- 

entJ an<-i licrcsliird Place. — ^>tali^:ic^ shuw- that llic threat majority of out" 
people are dcpenjent on the fruits of agricultiiie for their maintenance. 
Not«iihstai ding which, the cultivation of the land could, as proved by 
several cel-brated writers, be brought to bear a far greater product than it 
does. Certainly, many portions of it yield a larger percentage than others ; 
but this is not so much due to superiority of the soil as to care in its nourish- 
ment by I lie best manures. Chief among these we have no hesitation in 
rank ng the celebrated manufactures of the well-known house of Messrs. 
KicliardsoD & Fletcher. The business of this firiji was originated twenty- 
five ycirs ago, and has yearly since then increased its operations of utility 
to the ai;rii;ultural community of Ireland. The chemical works situated on 
the Kiiigsend Road comprise an imposing frontage of 130 feet, with a depth 
of lully 450 feet, and are every way fit and suitable .as regards accommoda- 
tion and machinery for the manufacture of the celebrated manures made by 
this firm. The stock is perhaps the most comprehensive of its kind to be 
seen in Dublin, and includes every nourishing material for the rapid or 
stiengthe.ing growth of the vegetable or fruit products of this country. 
Their sev. ral qualities and kinds include the best blood, bone, and fish 
manures, as well as several descriptions of pho=phate and mineral manures. 
Many .and incalculable are the benefits conferred on the farming circles by 
their, celebrated potato, and turnip, and other chief crop manures ; and the 
vital importance of using none but such manures as are sol 1 by this firm is 
self-evident to every farmer who bestows care and trouble on his land. 
The excellence of this firm's products may best be exhibited here by a 
simple statement of sluljborn incontrovertible facts. .\t the Exhibition 
held in Dublin in the year 1882, the firm was awarded a Gold Medal for 
their manures, this being the very hi^liest award there given ; at the 
Exhibition held in Cork in the foUo.ving year, no Gold Medals were given, 
but Messrs. Richardson & Fletcher had the singular honour of receiving 
two medal-i, one of which was the only medal given in its class, while the 
other represented the highest award in its division. We have correcily 
described this as a singular honour, for we find that no other firm receivei 
two medals for manures at this Exhibition. Successes of such unprece- 
dented character are worth recording, as they are a guarantee of the best 
possible description of the superiority of these goods. The farmer who 
expends a good deal of money on these manures will be ainply repaid in 
both abundance and quality of his crops. And ihe importance to the 
country in general of using such high-class manures could not be over-rated. 
In fact, the celebrated manures made by Messrs. Richardson & Fletcher, 
wherever used, have resulted in the most astonishing success. The reason 
of this is found in the great care and attention given to the mixing and 
compounding of the different qualities. In their respective manures to suit 
different cereals and plants, they combine the most necessary and requisite 
ingredients for the nourishment and abundance of a most healihy crop. 
One recommendation that in itself is worthy of special notice in connection 
with their famous manures is, that they all contain a fair proportion of 
blood, which is one of the most energetic fertilisers known. In particular, 
their special blood rrtanures arc composed of the materi.il in its most avail- 
able form'; this class of manure is found most uveful in producing crops 
under the most unfavourable circumstances. The large and widespread 
connection of the firm extends all over this country, and is, from moderation 
in price and excellence of products, daily increasing, as thenumerous .agents 
of the firm, from Antrim to Cork, can testify. In its entirety, the estabilsh- 
m^pt offers an exemplification of what excellence of production and good 
value can ever accomplish in this competitive age. The managerial control 
is exercised by the proprietary in a true spirit of commercial activity, energy, 
and ability, which is so ably displayed in every operation of the business 
carried on by this well-known house. 



W. Qainn, Ladies' Outfitter, 51, Henry Street.— For ver)' nearly 
twenty years the highly respectable shop of Mr. \V. Quinn, of Henry Street, 
has been largely ]<atrotii3ed by ladies of the first position in Dulilln, and 
has borne a very high-class reputation for the excellent quality and fine 
workmanship of the v.irious articles su|iplied. The estalilishment owned 
by Mr. Quinn occupies premises at 51, Henry Street, which, considering 
the magnitude of the trade done, are not quite as large as migln be 
wished ; the length, or rather depth, of the house measuring from front 
to rear somewhat about fifty feet. As Mr. Quinn has another branch 
establiihmcnl, however, .at 19, Upper Uaggott Street, he does not suffer 
as much inconvenience as he otherwise might do from the diinensions 
of his house, having in view the peculiarly large nature of his trade. 
The structural arrangements of the house are, h')wever, very well designed, 
the available space licing most cleverly economised, and the i>remises 
generally Ihrooghout are most admirably fitted and appointed, with a 
great deal of t«.ste, and a due regard to an attractive display of the 
various stocks held by Ihe establishment. Tlie stock is certainly of a 
most comprehensive char.icter, ami may be generally said to include 
every article of ladles' outfit that can be imagiiieil, with a large and 
pleasing assortment of biby-lincn, etc., which, for quality and superior 
workmanship, can hardly be e:jualled, and certainly not surpassed, by any 
house in the trarle. A reputation like that which .\Ir. (juinn's cstablisli- 
menl is fortunate enough to possess, is never built without a .solid 
foundation of merit, and it is easy to realise the methods by which it was 
gained, when in-periing the l.islcfiil and usefiil articles he has on hand. 
Tlie lalies' umlcrclotliing department is slocked most completely with 
every article of ladi- s' underdress, and includes a large and varied assortment 



of drawers, chemises, plain or fancy trimmed, nightdresses, plain and fancy 
and embroidered dressing-jackets, gowns, and corsets in all coloiir.s, and a 
host of other items requiring more space than we can, unfortuna'ely, spare. 
The supjily of baby-linen is most complete also, and here ag.ain all the articles 
are marked by the same perfection of production which excited our 
admiration in the accompanying branch of the business. The list coin- 
priscs about twenty or t«enty-one dlfierent kinds of articles, all of which 
are only used for babies, ana include such items as infants' shirts, web- 
swathes, petticoats, plain or' embroidered squares, dribbling-bibs, long- 
cloth long-slips, infants' clo.aks of all colours, silk hoods, hats, and muslin 
frocks, and many other little articles suitable to the earliest stages of 
childhood. There is also in the stock, and still in connection with 
children's outfit, a very tasteful supply of infants' pelisses, in caslmiere, 
pique, and other materials, richly trimmed, and ranging in price from 
2f . bil. up to £1 2!. 6J. Also children's Jackets, dolmans, and four-in-hands 
(of the perfect fit of which Mr. Quinn gives a guarantee), the list con- 
cluling, as far as children's wants are concerned, with a supply of under- 
clothing, diawers, chemises, and nightdresses, all at the srme moderate 
scale of charge. There are a laig:; number of other articles which we need 
not quote, having said enough to expre-s the thorou'.;h-going nature of the 
stock, and given a glance at the moderate prices of .some of the articles, 
which may^we say advisedly — be taken as a quite fair indication of the 
rest. The establishment of which we are speaking, viz., the house ill' 
Henry Street, is the "parent house." the other eslabllshment in I!.iggott 
Street having been started somewhat later. To give some idea of the 
trade done by the house, we. may mention that between the employes 
of both houses, and those persons who execute work for Mr. Quinn at 
their own homes, the number ! reaches about fifty hands. All the goods 
being manufactured by the house itself, or from material supplied by it, 
and carried out under the supervision of its managers, Mr. Quinn is 
enabled to give the most perfect guarantees as to the excellence of the . 
quality and superiority of the workmanship of every article sold. Amorig 
the wide and daily increasing numlier ot his customers, Mr. Quinn is . 
exireni-'Iy popular, his agreeable manner and sincere desire to please 
having rendered hlin particularly liked and respected, while among business 
circles the house, as a business establishment, occujiies a prominent place 
in the estimation of all who are best qualified to form a judgment. The 
strict and honourable methods adopted by Mr. Quinn in the conduct of his 
business, have earned for him the highest respect from everybody whos& — 
good opinion is worth possessing, in IJuolin and outside it. 



Gaiily, Sons, & Co., Cattle Salesmen, Wool and Corn 

Brokers, Auctioneers and Valuers, lii, 19, and 20, LLsher's Quay, and 
Cattle .Maikets, Liverpool and .Manchester. — The old-established and 
most highly respectable firm of Messrs. Ganly, Sons, & Co. is a name 
"familiar in our ears as household words," not only in every part of 
Ireland but in England itself. The premises occupied by this enterprising 
house are jituated at iS, 19, and 20, Usher's Quay, atxl are of a very 
spacious and comino llous des:ripuon, as the nature of their huge business 
demands. A great many years ago the premises now occui)ied by the 
Messrs. Ganly w.as built and useil as an old coaching-house, and was known 
by the somewhat confusing title of " Homes' Hotel, and Kxch.inge and 
Mart." Before the establishment of the railway system, all the co-iches 
coming into Dublin, or leaving it, called here, and doubtless the old Inn 
did a roaring tr.ade in those old days. Some time afterwards the White 
Quakers received ^500 for the house from its present respected and enterpris- 
ing pruprietor^s, and from that time to the present, in its new form, the house 
is, as we have said, one of the best known in the kingdom. Messrs. Ganly, 
Sons, & Co. are neither merchants nor .stock farmers on their own account, 
they simply purchase and sell on commission in the interest of their 
clients and customers. The principal trade of the house^t is not unfair to 
select one branch where all .are so extensive^s that done in the sale 
of cattle, wool, and corn, in which line the transactions of the firm are 
of great magnitude. Cattle consigned to Dublin, Liverpool, or Manchester 
mirk'.ts are met by men in the empl oyin-.-nt of the firm on their arrival, 
taken to their lairs, at 63, Prussia .Street, anil tliencc to tlie respective 
market-places, where they are jiromptly sold, and the proceeds remitted with- 
out undue delay. In the sale of landed property a Large coramission is 
done, the firm undertaking the valuation, and preparing the necessary maps, 
surveys, etc., upon the most reasonable terms. A great amount of credit is 
due to the firm of Ganly & Sons for the encouragement they have given to 
the wool trade in Ireland, every facility affordeil and regular sales held at 
statid iiieivals. Among the advant.ages they offer to the public generally 
in the furtherance of this important industry we may mention that Messrs. 
tiaiily .accommodate consignors with the loan of wool sheets, watch home 
and foreign markets, ^^ive stor.age /r« on all consignments, make necessary 
advances, and sell to the best advanLige for one farlliing per pound. In 
adilition to their business as commission agents in the cattle trade, and as 
.an almost necessary addition to it, Messrs. Gmly, Sons, & Co. always keep 
as an article of slock, which they have sold for thiily years, the .admirable 
preparation known as " HIgg's .Sheep Dipping and Scab .Siiecific," ami also 
supjily nil cakes, meals, and feeding slufls of all kinl.s. Among ihe com- 
iii.rcial firms of Dublin, such a firm as Messr.s. Ganly, -S ms, & Co. 
naturally takes high rank, and the personal popularity of the individual 
members of the firm, and the high respjct they are held in by all, have 
largely contributed to the commercial prosperity of this old-established 
house. 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



John Smytli & Sons, Chnrch Plate Mann&ctarers, 17, 

\Vicklow Sircit. Tlic n^'^l noted c>l.iLli-hmt;nl, nml <mc lliat »ill\vcll 
repay a visit to those interested in a most beautiful ani! important Ijranch 
of industry, is that of Messrs. Smyth & Sons, who for many years liave 
occupied a position of preat eminence iis manufacturers of all descriptions 
of church plate used in the services of the Catholic Church, The firm 
occupy handsome and extensive premises at 17, Wicklow Street, their im- 

Crtant factory and workshops being situated at Nos. i, 2, 3, Wicklow 
ne. The warehouse is most t.istefully fitted throuj;hout. Messrs. Smyth 
& Sons are very large employers of lalxmr, as many as fifty hands being 
kept constantly employed .it their factory in the manufacture of the various 
iacred vessels and articles of altar decoration made by the house, which 
was established in 1840. At an early period in its career it ac- 
quired a brilliant reputation for tl\- quality, high artistic excellence, and 
general superiority of workmanship displayed in the articles of its m.iiiu- 
iacture ; and the high n.ame, lluis worthily and deservedly won, it h.as been 
the constant effort of iis nian.agement to maintain unimpaired. One has 
only to look at the present prosperous condition of the house, and the high 
repute in which its manufactures are held, to recognise how successful this 
efTbrt has provol. The stock, which is Large and valuable, includes chalices, 







cibor!um$, monstrances, thuribles, candiesUcks and other altar decorations, 
and, in fact, as has been said, all the various articles used upon the altars of 
Catholic churches. Many of those designs are exceedingly beautiful, and 
display not merely the most e.itquisite taste but also the most perfect work- 
manship in gold and silver. Some of thtLjreproductions in brass of media;val 
candlesticks, llower vases, etc., are admirable specimens of work ; while 
many of the modem designs ran the latter close in artistic elegance. About 
S.CXX) ounces of silver arc annually used by the firm. The firm do a large 
trade in supplying the Catholic clergy all over Ireland with those objects, 
and also do 3. considerable business m the work of repairing, rcmoiielling, 
and relacquering all description of brass goods, such as lamps, candlesticks, 
etc., their house being in fact a kind of church repository. Some of the 
specimens of altar lamps, llinse which are useii to hang from the roof of the 
sanctuary, struck us as being of exquisitely chaste design ; some being in 
the Krench-Golhic style and beautifully chased and chiselled. We are glad 
to know that home manufacture is here asserting itself in a direction where 
it deserves the fullest suppfirt ; there having been for many years too great 
a tendency on the part of church authorities to go to I^jndon, Paris, or 
Munich for work, which Messrs. .Smyth i: .Sons have proved can be supplied 
at home, of as excellent workmanship, and at as mixlerate a price. 



John English, Plumber, Oasfitter, and Tinsmith, 

73, (,)ueen Street. — The bus:ncsi of the plumber an 1 gastiit^-r is <.iie of 
great and ever-increasing importance, and it is a pleasure to nfer to one of 
so long and creditable a standing as that presided over by Mr. John Knglish, 
who is a thoroughly jiracticil and experienced man at his business 
Hstablished over thirty years .ago. this house has, up to the present, 
maintained a high repute for excellence of work comb'ncd with most 



"3 



moderate charges. The shop is well sto.kcd with every item in the 
ironmongery .and tinware line, as well as all kinds of gis-filiing» from which 
to make selections. Kour hands are employd, who thoroughly understand 
the business, an<l lake orders with the greatest courtesy and attention lo 
the instructions as lo the wishes of pjir.ns down lo the mi- ■• • •' -Tilj. 
The firm enjoy an extensive and influential local patronage : • to 

their many years of pr.aclic.il cx|)ericnce, have obtained an en. nely 

for their fittings, as well as for the genuineness of their workmanihip. 
.\llhough founded so long ago, this house hxs kept pace with the timet, oil 
the latest sanitary arrangements being carried out. The business u well 
org.iniscd, and each dcjiirtment liears evi<lencc of being c/)nducteil in a 
sound, methodical, and business like manner, which ensures lo patron* the 
great desideratum that their orders will be executed satisfactorily .and with 
punctuility and despatch. Mr. English is well-kn.>«rn is a gentleman of 
great experience in this branch of trade and industry, and of jound 
commercial integrity, and is held in high regard by his customers for hU 
courtesy upon all occasions, and the thorough business tact and skill 
he displays in the mamagement of his ever incr.rasing businevs. When we 
review the resources and experience at the command of the house, and the 
prestige it enjoys, together with the enterprising manner in which iu affairs 
are conducted, we have the best reason for regarding its progress and 
prosperity in the past as but the antecedents of still greater prosperhy in 
the future. There are tokens of continuous progress which bespeak the 
laudable enterprise of the proprietor, and proclaim a highly commcndal.lc 
dctemiination that no ciTort shall be spared to enhance materiaUy in the 
future the iMst renown of the house, and endow it with still stronger cbisB 
to the consideri:tion it so liberally receives from a nnmerous circle of 
patrons. Mr. English is highly respected, and his house is a leadin" one 
in his particular line of business. ° 



The Royal Hotel (Miss Power, Proprietress), Kildare 

Streel.— EsLibhshed f..r over a luiiulred years, llie Koyal Hotel in Kildare 
Street has long been known under i:s previous proprietor's name as 
" Elvidge's," and is one of the most frequented and fashionable hotels in 
Dublin. Miss Power, the present respected propielress, since she has 
assumed the ownership of the house has done all in her power, and wiith 
the most signal success, to maintain in all its integrity the old name and 
h'gh position of the establishment, and.has given at all times the most con- 
vincing proof that under her r. j;>//f the Royal shall b; as comfortable and 
attractive an hotel to visitors coming to the metropolis as at any time it lus 
been in the last century of its existence. . The hotel occu[>it» handsome 
premises at the above quoted add.ess, which are. thraughout Sited in a 
most irreproachable manner, and with a display of the most admiralJe taste 
thai reliects the highest credit on whoever is responsible for the decoration 
and arrangements of the cstablishmenL The hotel, from. its size, partakes 
more of the family order, and is, at we h.ive Saad,^one of the m.«t comfoS- 
able in the city. The house holds about sixteen betJrooms, one coffee- 
room, one reading-room, and thr^e private sitting-rooms. . The frontage of 
the house measures about thirty-nine-feet, and the depth from front to rear 
about one hundred. The rooms are all furoiihed in a most tasteful and 
elegant fashion, and the bedrooms are patterns of what all hotel rooms 
should belike. Scrupulously clean, wellaired and ventilated, it-would ibe 
impossible to afTonl a tiner example of a sleeping apartment than is to be 
procured at the Royal. The dinmg-room is handsa.mely ami appropriately 
furnished likewise, and is a cheerful dooking room, wdierc one can dinJe in 
comfort with a serr.c th.it everything is as perfect as it can be. The Royal 
lias long been famous for the character of its cjn'sine, the house possessing 
an admirable c/irf, who cm cook a joint, ent-ie, or cutlet with any cook in. 
the kingdom. The cellars are well stocked with a large and valuable assort- 
ment of wines, many being rare brands in port and Uuigundy. The 
country connecti >n enjoyed by the hotel is both large and influential. 
The attendance at the house in question is admirable, and all who know 
anything of hotel life will admit that this alone forms a high recommen- 
dation for the iiouse. We may also remark that the courteous .and agree- 
able manner of the proprietress h.as hail a great deal to do in adding lo 
the comfort of her numerous gutsts, being always ready to meet their 
wishes and attend to their requiicmenls. 



Samnel Kymer, Painter and Paper-hanger, 128, Upper 

Abbey ;>lrcct.— Amongst the hou»e-painter.». dcci>r.itor.i, .u.d ii.iper-haiij;eTS 
in the city, a leading position is occupied by .Mr. S. Kymer, of the aixive 
address. The business in which he is concerned is a most valuable one, 
and its sphere of operations is gradually but surely being extendovl. The 
house itself is in all respects most suitable to the needs of Mr. Kymer, 
who is an e.\tensive coatractor, and many of the promitKiil houses in 
town are indebted for a great portion of their iK-auty of ap^varance to 
the skill, dcxtciiiy, and educatevi taste of this gentleman. As a pajier- 
hangtr, .Mr. Kymer is wi.lely esteemed. The stock of r om papers displayed 
at IJS, Upper Abl.H;y .Street, is most complete, and is noticeable for the 
originality of its designs, and for the undeniable excellence of the quality 
of material used in its make. Mr. Kymer al.so im|>orts pipcr-h.-mgings aiul 
borders, gold mouldings and glass ; and in these articles he has been most 
successful. We may oliserve that although the house is not yet a quarter 
of a oentur)- established, its trade lias emiir.aced all |iarls of the countr)-, 
and keeps in constant empliyment a tuff of able and experienced 
workmen. 



I 2 



124 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



The Grosvenor Hotel Caffitchell & Co., Proprietors).— 

In the very he.irt of Oiiblin, anil direcily uppnsite Wi/^'.liiiil Row Station, 
the terminus of the Dublin, Wicklow, and Wexford Railway, where the 
English mail airivcs and departs from, will be found the Grosvenor 
Hotel, a small, compact hostelry, well known to tourists and travellers 
crossing tbe Channel. In appearance, the C.rosvenor is not an imposing 
structure, like some of the large terminus hotels on the English lines, 
but its outer homeliness and compac'ncss may fairly be taken as indic.itnig 
the intern.al comforts in all sections of the hotel to be re.idily found and 
fully appreciated by the weary travelli-r after a fatiguing rail or sea journey. 
On entering the hall, on the left will be found a most comfortable and 
well lurnisheJ coftee-ioom and re.ading-room, where c'e.anliness is one of the 
first things that strikes the trarcUer. Here it is where any one going by 
the mail can have a hot anl well served breakfast ss eaily as 4 30. This 
is specially arranged for the convenience of travellers arriving by the 
Cork mail'and from the north, giving them ample time to get a refreshing 
hath, brush-up, and quiet breakfa-t, and also time to run over the morning 
papers be'ore going on with the Engli^h mail, which leaves at 6.45. In 
the evening there is .also served a tab/e dhole commencing at 5.30. 
Travellers arriving throflgh the day can have their luggage deposited in the 
luggage room and conveyed over to the mail by the hotel servants, no 
charge being made. Passing on from the coffee-room, and in close 
proximity, is a snug little smoking-room, wherein men like poor Edward 
.^othern, the veteran Buckstone, Mr. I'lielps, and the late lamented Henry 
Montague, were wont to loiter in overnight and let "tales go round." 
Leaving the rendezvous devoted to the weed and turning to the right, the 
visitor will find the hotel bar. This is me of the most [lopular resorts in 
the city, and here on an evening may be found men of all clashes and of all 
tastes, who prefer a private sanctum to try the renowned special old 
whisky, "Eblana" and " I'at," special blends, and sole property of the 
proprietors, M--sr5. Mitchell & Co., who carry on an extensive wine 
l)n';iness in KilJare .Street. It is needless to say it is to their advan- 
tage to put in the best of everything, and that they do so will be 
s;en by referring to the carefully selected wines on their list, which 
are fit for any connoisseur. Hera also may be had some of the 
best bran Is of cigars which it is possible to get, most of them 188 1 
crop. Amongst them we may particularise the following : Villar Villar, 
Imperiales, hlor de Cuba, El Key Del .Mundo, Cabanas, Punch Infantes, 
etc. Leaving the bar we find ourselves on the first floor in a spacious drawing- 
room, suitable for wedding breakfasts and private dinners, able to accom- 
molate seventy. The sleeping apartments are all that could be desired, 
rf)omy, lofty, and well furnished, extreme cleanliness being the prominent 
feature. For any one making a stay in Dublin, the hotel is conveniently 
situated. Tram-cars pass the door to all parts of the city, and to I'hcenix 
Park, passing the world-renowned Guinness's brewery. It is also within a 
few minutes' walk of the principal theatres and popular places of amuse- 
ment, anil a sixpenny car fa e to and from the same. The telephone is laid 
on to the hotel, and will be found very useful to visitors requiring any firm 
in the city. The telegraphic address is "'Grosvenor,' Dublin." The 
proprietors, Messrs. Mitchell & Co., took over the hotel some years .ago, 
with the intention of considerably enlarging it, and putting it on a par with 
mr)St station hotels; but, owing to the delay of the railway company in con- 
s'.ruciing the lf>op line, they have been unable up to the present to carry 
out their designs. The management is under Mr. F. bethell, formerly 
of Kenton's Hotel, St. James's Street, and Tavistock Hotel, Covent 
Garden, London. 



Coster, Johnson, & Co., Paper Maiers, Wholesale 
Stationers, Bag Manufacturers, and Colonr Printers, t^ and 17, 
L<jwer Ormond (Juay. — One of the most eminent and notable firn".s 
associated with the pa|>er-making inlu-try and wholesale stationery con- 
nection is that of .Vlessrs. Coster, Johnson, & Co., of 16 and 17, Lower 
Ormond Quay. This well-known and influential concern was founded as 
far back as 1865, and up to the jiresent day has enjoyed a prosperojsly 
commercial career. The factories are two in number, and are situated, 
one at 15 and 16, Strand Street, and the other at 7, 8, 9, 10, II, and 12, 
Swift's Row. Both premises are spacious and of exceedmgly commodious 
dimensions. They are fitted with every modern improvement in the shape 
of necessary appliances, and with machinery of the most representative 
dc-criplion. 'I'hc firm deal generally in all bianches of jrrinting, twines 
and ropes, grr»cers' canisters and fitting*, coffee and tea mills, engraving 
and die sinking, room and hall papers, commercial, office, and law 
stationery, copying presses, beer engines and bar fittings. They are agents 
for the Marvm Safe C<)m|)any, of New York, Avery's scale and weigh- 
brjrlge, Milner's Safe Company, of Liverpool, the Hafllc Safe Company, 
of Kirmingham ; and they hold an office for the registration of trade marks, 
designs, and patents. A prominent speciality is made of the manufacture 
of paper b.igs, in which department of their business they have achieved a 
prominent notoriety. Permanent employment is given to some hundred 
and filly hands, who, as operatives, are renowned for correct fulfilment of 
their various duties. Eight travellers, of .active commercial energy, arc 
engaged in extending the firm's connections by the exhibiting of a well 
a,svirted and comprehensive collection of the productions. The extensive 
bu-iness of Messrs. Coster, Johnson, & Co , in all its numerous branches 
and departments, is thoroughly well an. I energetically conducted under the 
j>ers mal supervision of the partners. Conneclions of great value and 
influence have long been enjoyed, and arc constantly being extended in 
scope and enhanced in importance ; and the maintenance of a high standard 



o( excellence and merit in all its manufactures, has endowed this creditable 
representative of a great industry with the full confidence of a virtually 
univeisal circle of customers, .and invested it with the cotiimercial benefits 
of a large home tra.ie, whose ramifications hav.; extended in a surprising 
and influential degree. The proprietary comprise well-known gentlemen, 
who are everywhe e considered to be well versed in all branches of their 
representative trade, and to be fully conversant with the details of their 
extensive op;;r.itions, to which they give the closest attention. They ate 
eminently renow.ief for the high standard of bjsinesj integrity and com- 
mercial influence from which they are inseparable, and for the persevering 
energy which they have shown in ra;sing their establishment to the 
commanding position it njw holds. 



Thos. Paarson & Co., Wire Worts, and Prsach Burr 

MlU-stone FactJry, i' to 10, Lutle Ship Street. — In a quiet str.-et 
at the end of the Lower Castle Yards, and separated by its length from the 
busy thoroughfare of Dame Street, stand the Wire- weaving Woiksand French 
Burr Mill-stone Manufactory of ^lessrs. Thos. Pearson&Co., which are num- 
bered from 1 1 to 16 in Little ."^hip Stieet, the works extending back to Great 
Ship Street. The windows on cither side of the entrance, which is in the 
former street, contain speciiii'^ns of the work of the finn and frame-l certifi. 
ca'.es, one received by them in the Dub'in Exhibition of 1SS2 for plain and 
ornamental wire work and woven wire-web, arfcd another for Sjiecial Merit in 
printing and wire work ; also certificates of Honourable Mention and 
Merit for Star lubricating oil, mill-stones, and wheat-cleaning machinery, 
with a medal awarded at the Paiis Exhibition of 1SS5. The house 
was founded by the late -Mr. Pearson, who inaugurated the plain and 
ornamental wire business in 1829, subsequentl)' adding the mill-stone 
building, and general mill-furnishing factory, which has since become the 
largest in Ireland, and one of the most prominent of its kind in the United 
Kingdom. The manufacture of wire-woven mattress.'s commenced in 1S83. 
This branch of the business has proved su^h a success that, not only is th-; 
sphere of its operations spread over the kingdom, but the articles turned 
out are gaining a gojd fame in many foreig.i c:mntri-s. Not the least 
interesting feature of their manu''actures i-i the weaving of wire for mill use 
and for sifting, the process being quite the same .as that witnessed in a 
woollen factory. The only difference is that the " cloth " is composed of a 
wire material of the fineness of human hair, the delicacy of the work being 
und-rstood when it is stated that wire cloth of a fine kind con'ains one 
hundred and fifty meshes to the lineal inch, while in still more gossamer 
pa'terns as much as double that number of meshes are found in the same 
space. This "cloth "is now being extensively used in flour mills, as the 
best modern substitute for silk, the wire being of course much stronger and 
better adapted to the wear and tear of the work in mills. The eniire range 
of ope rations carried on com|irise wire- weaving and wire- work manufac:in-iiig, 
the making of garden requisites, iron and wire fencings, oil-refining, gieas> 
making, the manufacture of mill-stones, the making of machine brushes, and 
the perforating of metals. Idle firm give constant and remunerative employ- 
ment to about fifty hands. In this age of advertising, it must be said that 
Messrs. Pearson keeji their wares well before the public, their Tr.ade .Mark, 
" Rest, and b; thankful," being a well-known one in Ireland. In conclu- 
sion, we may ajiply the lines of a distinguished poet, which bear a beautiful 
moral and allegorical interpretation, and are applicable to othe.' descriptions 
of weaving, the operation in which is not very dissimilar to that in the 
principal industry carried on by this firm. 

Coii bestowed the shining warp, 
Fill It with as bright a wont'. _ 
Ard the who'e shall gloA- divinely 
As if wrought by angels liiiely. 
To the music of the ha p ; 
And iV.e blended col inrs be 
Like perfected harinuny. 
Keeping evil thini; aloof. 



James McSwiuey, Druggist and Chamist, 61, Lower 

Dorset Street. — A very important estal)li^hment in the retail drug tiade is 
conducted by Mr. J. McSwiney, of Lower Dorset Street, who for some 
time has earned a high reputation for the superior quality of his drugs, 
etc. Mr. McSwiney occupies very commodious premises at No. bl. 
Lower Dorset Street, which arc fitted throughout in a manner reflecting 
the highest credit on the taste and judgment of the projirietor, and wiili an 
admirable view to the effective dispLay of the large and valuable stock held 
by the establishment. The frontage of the house, which is very attractive 
in its exterior asj">ect, measures about thirty- two feet across, the depth of 
the eslablishmcnt from front to rear being about a hundred feet. Nor is 
the interior of the house less attractive than the exterior aspect, the former 
being, as we have said, tastefully filled, the counters, shelves, and other 
furniture l)cing of mahogany and stained pine. The stock comprises all 
tho^e various items generally pr curable at a first-cKiss chemist's and 
druggist's establishment. At the rear of the establishment is situated a 
large store containing a valuable stock of oils, colours, etc., in the .sale of 
which a very large and extensive Ir.ide is constantly being done. .'V very 
inqiortant branch of Mr. McSwiney's tr.ade is the sale of patent and family 
medicines. It sj^caks highly for Mr. McSwiney's business capacity, that, 
in face of the very extensive opposition he mu.t have had to encounter, 
he should have won for his house the highly respectable position it 
holds. 



IN'DUSTRIES OV DUBLIN. 



'25 



George Laie McCormaolc, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 

Hombor of Counoll of the Pbarmtoeutloal Sootety of Iroland, 

Miinkstimn. li\ ilosc nssi>ciatiuii wiili [he imili. .il pnifrssion ami i(^ 
(liitiis llic hiiiclioris nl the |ihariiinTiili al cluinst occupy anil cvcrcist: 
an important place and part. A noicil cslablisliintnt, ilcvotcil to the 
ciiliivat on of this sciciuilic branch, is conHuclcil by Mr. George Lane 
McCormack. This select establi-liinent was foiimled by its present pro- 
prietor six years ago ami ha^ been a most successful enterprise. From the 
period of its inception to the pn sent a substantial and select ratron.ige 
has been bestowed, i prosperous businc-s cultivated into full ami vi^oruus 
jjn.wlh, and the fullest contidence of an anpreciative public secured. 
.*^iiuated in one of the aristocratic and fashionable localities clos-: to 
Monks'own railway station on the Publin and Kin(^>town bne, the position 
is admirably .adapted to the development of an extensive and lucalive 
business, 'ihe shop is superbly lilted up with elejjant and most attractive 







lliilitnni 



KmmE. 



iRIvLSfiX' 






- "C 




appointm 'nts di> layint^ a higli orJer of taste. The sto:k, which is most 
compre'iensive, embraces the purest drugs and chemical prepuations used 
in modern c impound ing, also a large and weli-as-iorteil sto::k of the lead- 
ing patent and pr.>prietaiy medicines. The slock has b^en selected with 
the greatest care and thorough experience thnugh the best knoArn 
mediums, anl every item is characterise 1 by imrity and perfection. the 
compounding department is su 'plied with all req'dsite p.ire prepirations, 
and is |)crsondlv superintended and well supported bi? the pr )fessi in and 
the various classes of the community. In the or lin try. drug line an exten- 
sive business is done with the several guides of society in the ncig ibj U'- 
hood. The 'stablishm nt b-ars a justly high repuali m and is deservedly 
worthy of the success a; lained. The proprietor, who is most p ipular in 
the district, is fully qu,ili'ied as a Licentiite of die Pharmaceutical So iety 
of Ireland, and is ag;ntlennn highly esteemed throughout an extended 
circle, including customers, patrons, and many social friends. 



Miss M. Sizon, Boot and Shoe Dealer, 54, Rathmines Ro.id. 

— One 111 the n:o~t indispensable articles ol molein appirel is the boit. 
There are, lew people who disregard the covering of their feel with good 
boots, as the evil consequences of liail colds and many other ills result from 
such articles when not properly mnde. The enormous quantity used in 
Dublin :il<me woulil be a gooil subject for the speculation of the statistician ; 
but, if h.' were to distinguish the houses where really excellent boots and 
shoes are to be h.ad, it would be found there are few in numb.T. However, 
it is with ])leasure that we cin at leist point to one establishment that, 
by suppljing none but the most c.X' client articles of this kind, has won a 
high and deserved rtputalion. It is the ho se contiolled by .Miss Dixon 
we allude tij. and to it we sincerely recommend every person in want of 
pedal necfssiries to go. This business hns now been established but four 
years, and during its short cireer has had an unprecedrnteil success in this 
line of business. I he premises are located in a most busy and populous 
district, awl are in every particular of stock and arrangement well suited to 
the carrying on of the large trade done. The stock is one of the nio.t varied 
and comprehensive we have yet seen, and c impri>es every class of giods to 
*uit iic!> or poor. Amongst the la lies' wear, we see the newest styles in the 
best lea;her, and well linished, including butloiu-d, l.iced, and elastic varieties 
of boots, and a so shoes to suit all s zes from the miniature Cinderella 
shoe to the hrjjest made. In men's boots and shoes, we see wares that 



never fail in durability or sptcn<lid style to Rive the f^cateU satii^aclinn. 
liesides these Ihe children's goods in this line arc in value or quality, like 
the rest of the stock, unsurpasseil in any other house wc have visited. Tlie 
many good business chaiacteiistics possessed by the proprielrcLs have in no 
small measure aided in winning a lasting prosperity for her eslablishnienl. 



Fercival Jones, Cliina, Glass, and Xamp IIstab1i«h- 

moDt. 13, Wcsimnreland .Stieet. — There are few iiilu<tiies in whidi 
novelty and continuous change arc so a|iparcnily esseinial as in the 
china and glass inanufacluiing trade, and its succe>sful cxpuncnls .are 
necessarily men of inventiveness and business ab lily. A leading and 
prosiK-ious repesentative house for the s.ile of articles in this line is that of 
.^Ir. I'eicival Jones. This busines; was established twenty years ago. and 
his from the date of its inception enjoyed steady and continuous prosjx-rity. 
The premises oocupieil are well and conveniently situated, tram ca s Irom 
all the suburbs p.issing and repassing the door, and besides the shop, thcjr 
include a large and well lighted show-room, filled with the warc-s of all the 
most nited po tery manuiacturers and ih.- finest qu:ilily of ISiitish fl.nt 
glass. A noted feature in the latter material is a splendid specimen of b »t 
gl.iss water jug. This item was patented by .Mr. Jones for an " improved 
sifety handle," which is a very ilecideil boon to the careful housewife. 
.•\ department </ the firm is devoted to Hellcek pottery, which is a sjicciality 
of the celebr.iied establishment. In this section sjKcial notice must be 
taken of a beautiful female figure, called the "I'lisoner of Love," ia 
liebetk ware, and equalling the finest statua-y, by a celebrated Italian 
artist, (iiuvanni l-ont;ina ; and )et another article of vcrtu is the " crouching 
Veiiu-," by I- laxman, the original of which is in the Vatican, at Rome, and 
it was only by royal favour that he obtained the pcrmissi m to copy it. The 
art cles which comprise this interesting display are all of real artistic meri', 
of excellent (pi.iliiy and design, and most moder.ite in price. The firm was 
awarde 1 a prize medal at the Dublin Exhib I on of .-^rls. Industries, arjd 
Manufactures, in 1S72. The establishment h.is a good repvitation for the 
first-class character of its goods, and is noted for the best and thorougnly 
high-cl.iss trade which it carri s on ; and wi.h the su|>crior facilities at his 
comman I, .Mr. Jiines is enabled to olTer special advantages to customers, 
and to execute all orders in the proni])tcst and most siIisf.ictory manner. 
Liberality and fair de.iling are the basis upon which Pdr. Jones conducts 
his allairs, and th-? establishment over whicli he so ably presides is a credit 
in every resp.-ct, alike to his energy and enterprise and to the important 
industry it so ably represents. 

M. 'Vanca (snccsssor to A. & G. Taylor, Fhotograplisrs 

to the Quaoni, 140. St. .Sicphen's (Ireen, West. — 1 he coiinectio.i ol I lulilin 
rtitli every phase of adv.inceni-'nt and develojmient has always be.n of ihi 
most intimate character, and it is therefore but meet, and in full keepini; 
with the fostering care extended by the metropolis to one of the grea est 
and most potent arts and inventions of any age, that within its limits should 
stand to-day a photographic instituiion whose fame in the three kingdoms, 
it is safe to say, his never been eclipsed by that of any similar establish- 
ment. The prominent firm of A. C\; G. Taylor have founded branches in 
nearly every large town of Kngland and Scotland, and abjut eleven years 
ago they es.ablished this business in Dublin, and claim to be the first to 
introduce into Ireland the system of subscription photographs. The mag- 
nificent studio if situated at 140, .St. Stephen's (jreen, two doors from 
Grafton Street, and is spacious ami commodious, and well fitted with all 
the requisite acce-sories for the production of really good and artistic photo- 
graphs, as well as with all the newest appliances for the manipulation .and 
tlevelopinent of the work. The studio is decorated with caliinet, vignette, 
and i»ncl pliotogi.iiihs, which are beautiful specimens of this mtercsting 
art. This firm do a I irge and ever increasing business, both in the studio 
and through those who canv,ass for the subscription portraits. Ttie scales 
of prices charged are upon the most morleratc basis, when the quality and 
excellence of the work 1. considered. A very useful book of instructions to 
sitters is issued by the firm, which gives in a small compass a great deal of 
important information, which will tend to perfect and improve the photo- 
graphs. All kinds of woik in the line are undertaken by the firm, enlarging, 
copying, painting in oils, and various other ipaiali:(! pictures which are 
much appreciated by the general public. With the excellent facihties at 
the command of the firm, they are able to give entire satisfaction to |)atrons, 
and to produce pictures unequalled by any other house in the trade. 
M. Vance has entered into the possession of a first-class and flourishing 
concern, an ! there is every indication lh.at, under his capable manigement, 
it will n it only iinintain its p.ist renown as a representative establishment, 
but by energy and enterprise will be considerably and materially enhancetl 
in popular favour, and receive a still further access of that well-deserved 
prosperity which has char,icterised the firm since its foundat on. .M. Vance 
is highly respected by a large aiul widespread business connectioQ. 



Eeakey, Dyei and Cleaner (established in 1S71), 95, Harcourt 
Stieet. —livery description of Udies' dresses, feather-, and gloves are 
beautilully cleaned or dyed ; and damask, rep;i, moreen curtains are 
dynl eipial to new ; chintz is also cleaned or glaz d. Carjivts clvaned and 
refresticd or shaken by machinerv, peculiir to this establishment. Lace, 
lace curtains cleaned or re-dyed Gentlemen's clothes are ilyed fast 
colours, or cleaned in three days, and country orders carefull]- attended to. 



126 



INDUSTRIES OF DUBLIN. 



AUen & Co. (Limited), Merchant TaUors, 103, Talbot Street. 

—Thus prominent concern \v.TS ojiened about seven years ago, aiid has been 
eminently successful, and has so far enjoyed a most prosperous trade. It 
occupies a splendid posiiion in this central commercial thoroughfare, which 
is a leading connection between the Great Northern Raihray Tenninus and 
Sackville Street, and is one of the finest business streets in the city, and its 
immediate surroundings are densely populated. The warehouse and work- 
shops are extensive, and elegantly arranged, and tastefully fitted up lor 
the execuuon of the various tailoring operations, and the sale of the pro- 
ductions. In the work-rooms is employed a constant staffof about hfteen ex- 
perienced men, presided over by an experienced, scientific cutter. The stock 
comprises all descriptions and patterns in ready-made garments choice m 
assortment, and substantial and fashionable in material and finish. All 
garments are made on the premises, by the most experienced workmen, 
from sound and choice materials in West of England cloths, English doeskms, 
meltons, beavers, \Torsted coatings, fancy tweed trouserings and vestmgs, 
and almost ever>- rariety in Scotch and Iri<h tweeds, 'rhese goods are 
specially selected at the best -known woollen factories in the kingdom, and 
purchased on the best terms that capital can command. There is always a 
large and varied stock of choice fabrics on hand. The firm is in a singularly 
advantageous position to meet the keenest competition, and has done so in 
their course of trading for the past seven years, and steered through it with 
marked success, so that none but best materials in woollen fabrics are pur- 
chased or taken into stock. The work being executed by none but 
thoroughly qualified workmen, customers are certain, and invariably do 
procure, in their selections at this establishment, most superior goods, 
artistic and fashionable in make and finish, at the most moderate lines ol 
prices in the trade. This firm has so largely increased its business operations, 
that not only has a branch establishment been opened in 34, Lower Sackville 
Street, but to meet the extraordinary demands on their resources, the firm 
has been converted into a limited liability company, with a share capital of 
^20,oco, and the new company have recently taken commodious premises 
in Dame Street, which will be carried on as a ready-made clothing 
emporium, and will have a factor)' attached. 

T. Bacon & Co., Iiing, Ked Herring, Ham, Bacon, 
and Cheese Stores. Whdesale, 3. 4- ^"'1 5. -"^hip Street.— Lnder the 
shadow of Dublin Castle and in a vicinity whose story is replete with 
historic interest, stands an establishment whose operations have enhanced 
the commercial importance of the Irish metropolis. It is to the old- 
established house of Messrs. Thos. Bacon & Co. we allude. Founded a 
century past, it has by the exercise of the soundest trade principles attained 
the enviable position of pre-eminence in its distinguished branch of industry. 
The premises occupied in Ship Street are from their extensive size and 
handsome frontage easily recognisable. On entering this large establish- 
ment the visitor firs' meets to the right the well-appointed counting- 
house, at the rear of which is the manager's sanctum. Leaving the 
office and ascending a small flight of stairs the main warehouse is reached, 
wherein many packers are ever busy boxing and packing goods for all parts 
of Ireland. To the left of this department is the smoking-room, in which 
are seen the most perfect apparatus and means for the preparation of 
bacon, hams, and gams. Attached to this room is a division in which a 
valuable stock of American bacons and hams is stored. Having viewed 
this department, crossing the main warehouse the visitor approaches a 
second large smoking department, and, like the first, containing the 
most modem ovens and other machinery for the proper production 
ol the excellent salt meats turned out. A division .annexed to this is 
allotted to the storing of Shetland Ling, an article that has gained a 
creditable importance for the house. Asc5nding a spiral staircase the 
second floor is reached, and still another commodious ware-room found in 
which American fruits, Canadian and English cheeses are kept. A depart- 
mcm at the rear of this is devoted to the splendid stock of Stilton cheeses. 
The many other warehouses and stores it would take up too much of our 
space to fully describe ; suffice it to say that the accommodations for the 
transaction of an immense business are in every respect perfect. A notice 
of the establishment would, however, be altogether incomplete without 
mentioning a few specialities in the many lines of goods kept in it. In 
the cheeses, the Gloucester, Cheddar, American, Canadian, Dutch, and 
Gorgontola varieties are of the primest and best classes. The meats 
include Matterson's Collared Head and Sausages, Libby Corned Beef, 
Armour's Brown, as well as Irish, Canadian, and Cumberland Hams, 
Gams, and Bacons. In addition to the new .Shetla