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Full text of "The industries of Louisville, Kentucky, and of New Albany, Indiana"

Class 

Book.__ 



COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT 




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B.rMATTINGLY 

PRESIDENT 

FDRMEflLY OF 

IJ.G.MATTINGLY&BRO 



|vi/\rionPireCoppef^ 

WHISKV. 





(^MPANY 



DISTILLERS OF 



''A^ 



pi RE' copper 

WHISKIES. 




c-r- caA ir?r o i 



XHE 



insriDTJSTK.iEs 



OF 



Louisville, Kentucky, 



AND OF 



NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



Their Natural, Mercantile, Manufacturing, Financial and 
Commercial Resources and Facilities. 

TOGETHER WITH 

A SERIES OF COMPREHENSIVE SKETCHES 

OF JHEIR 

REPRESENTATIVE BUSINESS HOUSES. 




LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY; 

J. M. Elstnkr & Co., Publish KRS. 
1886. 






Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1886, by 

J. M. ELSTNER & CO., 

In the Office ok the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



Printed by the Courier-Journal Jou Printing Company, Louisville, Ky. 



Prsrj^css. 



THE usual pui'pose of a preface is to call attention to and apologize for 
shortcomings in the body of the work. We shall do neither, taking it for 
granted that the intelligent reader will discover and make allowances for what- 
ever faults exist. AVe hope and believe they are few, and, like Midshipman 
Easy's nurse's baby, very little ones, and that therefore they will be overlooked 
in the general excellence of the performance, which has been faithful and con- 
scientious throughout. 

Some difficulty has been encountered in obtaining statistical data with refer- 
ence to certain branches of manufactures and commerce, and we have also met 
with some degree of indifference on the part of a few business men ; but on the 
whole our venture has been well and cordially received, and we are under obli- 
gations for both moral and material aid at the hands of the progressive class 
represented by such houses as the Merchants' National Bank, J. G. Matti: gly 
& Sons, Bamberger, Bloom & Co., R. A. Robinson & Co., the Lithgow Manu- 
facturing Company, the Falls City Jeans and Woolen Company, John E. 
G een, Esq., president of the Board of Trade, D. Frantz & Sons, Meguiar, 
Helm & Co., W. H. Thomas & Son, Washington C. DePauw, and other leading 
tistablishments of Louisville and New Albany. 

Everything possible has been done to present in inviting form the many and 
imjwrtant advantages possessed by the two cities named as manufacturing, 
financial and commercial centers, as well as places of residence. The success 
that has attended our efforts in thi^behalf must be judged by the result as con- 
tained in these pages. If it shall prove that our labors eventually aid in 
bringing hither an augmented volume of enterprising immigration, and the 
increased development of Louisville and New Albany's resources, industries 
and general welfare, we shall feel amply repaid for the outlay of time, toil and 
money. 

With renewed thanks to those who have so generously supported and patron- 
ized our venture, and the expression of a hope that prosperity may ever attend 
them, we herewith submit our volume to the criticism of an indulgent public. 



CONTENTS 



The Past 7-l(> 

TuE Presknt 17-2& 

Manufacturkrs, Commerce and Fin as (K 24-27 

Tobacco 28-30. 

Transportatiiin 31-50 

The FvelTkadk 51 

Municipal • . 52-54 

The Board of Trade 55-56- 

The South krn Exposiiion 57-59' 

The Press 60-68 

Our Illustrations . 69 

Kepresentative Houses 70-212 

Index 213-217 

New Albany Introductory 219-232 

New Albany Kepresentative TTot-k 233-251 

New Albany Indicx 252 

Advertisemknts 253-260- 



PROMINENT ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Southern Exposition 4 

New Custom House 6- 

Jefferson County Court House 13 

Public Library Buildino 15, 

Louisville Hotel (Lobby) 18- 

Louisville City Hospitai • . . . 19 

First Christian Church 20 

Masonic Temple 23 

New Union Depot (The) 33 

Temple Adas Israel 37 

University of Louisvillk 39' 

City Hall 52 

Masonic Widows' and Orphans' TIomk 54 

Board of Trade 55 

" Courier- Jou^rnal" Building 60 

Bamberger, Bloom & Co.'s Buildincj 70 

Galt House 77 

Crab Orchard Springs Hotel 126 

Louisville Foundry an^ Machine Shop 162 

Indiana and Kentucky Cantilever Bridge 218 

DePauw College 220- 

Floyd County Court House 222 

New Albany Water Works 223 

New Albany Opera House 227 

New Albany Old Ladies' Homk 228 

Sanderson Fire Engine House 231 

DePauw's American Glass Wokks 232 

New Albany Rail Mili 236 

Ohio Falls Iron Works 238- 

New Albany Woolen and Cotton Mills 242: 



Whs TPhe>w. 



ORIGINAL SETTLEMENT AND SUBSEQUENT CAREER.— THE 
STATE AND HER METROPOLIS. 



MAN is a social being. It is his nature to gather together in communities 
for mutual protection and support, for cheerful companionship, for 
participation in physical and mental profit and pleasure, and all and several 
the gratifications and advantages that arise from intellectual, mercantile, man- 
ufacturing, commercial, and agricultural intercourse. Consequently mankind, 
or at least that portion of mankind whose vocations permit of it, gravitate to- 
ward each other in obedience to the eternal law of homogeneity, build villages, 
towns and cities, buy and sell, construct great public works, found temples of 
worship, of learning, and of amusement, encourage a love of the beautiful and 
the useful, and foster the arts and sciences, stimulating industry and research, 
arousing invention, and imparting to progress an impetus which makes the 
history of each generation a record of triumphs undreamed of by its predeces- 
sors. It is this continual striving after some hitherto unattained good, this 
spirit of unrest, this discontent with his surroundings, this divinely-inspired 
ambition for better and more perfect things, that has wrought all the mighty 
marvels of the past, and still points the way to greater glories yet to come 
when the immortal soul shall have illumined its perishing casket, when the 
accumulated darkness of all the ages since the morning stars sang together shall 
have been forever dispelled, and man stands forth disenthralled amid the sons 
of light, the recognized child of the Creator and the co-heir of universal knowl- 
edge and everlasting happiness. For ages the way was beset by apparently 
insurmountable difficulties, environed with the dangers and enshrouded in the 
gloom of mental night, but, in later times, the obstacles to advancement have 
become less and less formidable, the rifts in the clouds broader and more fre- 
quent, and, like the traveler in the desert, the race sees in the distance the 



S THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

green oasis that tells of rest, refreshment, renewed strength, and the final 
taven, the end of the weary journey, just beyond, and with renewed courage 
and revived hope it presses forward to the goal of its destiny. 

As the world is now constituted, the building of great trade and manufact- 
uring centers, hives of industry and commerce, vast aggregations of capital, 
■enterprise and labor, seem a human necessity, from the operation of which, 
€ven if it were desirable, there is no avenue of escape. The concentration of 
power, capacity, mental force and ingenuity in cities is as inevitable as the 
laws of gravitation, and as certain in its operation. 

This, however, is not intended as an apology for the planting or growth of 
•cities, but as a mere prelude to what we shall have to say further along con- 
cerning the origin, development, present status and future prospects of Louis- 
ville. For much of the matter which follows we are indebted to that able and 
exhaustive work, Collins' History of Kentucky, a volume creditable alike to 
the industry and talents of the author, and to the public spirit and liberality of 
bis publishers. Our statistics are based upon reports of the various city de- 
partments, municipal, educational and health ; census reports, cotton exchange 
reports, railroad and transportation exhibits, and such other reliable sources of 
information as were accessible. The State itself, of which Louisville is the 
great entrepot and metropolis, is comparatively a terra incognita, even to many 
of its own citizens, and, therefore, a brief resume of its extent, climate, natural 
resources, population, products and claims to consideration will not be consid- 
ered out of place here. 

THE STATE OF KENTUCKY. 

In point of population, the census of 1880 made her eighth in the Union, 
the seven highest being New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois and Missouri. At the present rate of increase she will stand fifth at the 
beo-inning of the next century. The extreme length of her territory from east 
to west is 458 miles; greatest width from north to south, 171 miles, covering an 
area of 40,000 square miles, and embracing within her boundaries much of the 
richest agricultural lands on the continent. The Bluegrass region alone com- 
j)rises over 10,000 square miles of unapproachably fertile country, yielding vast 
harvests of wheat, corn, rye, oats, barley, hemp, and tobacco of the finest grades. 
These lands are practically inexhaustible because of the underlying stratum of 
blue limestone, which, gradually decomposing, supplies a superior phosphate, 
containing other valuable fertilizing elements. Of the State at large and its 
capabilities, natural advantages and attractions for immigrants, a writer in the 
Courier- Journal, who has devoted much time and research to the subject, says : 

"Climate, soil, everything in the State combine to make it one of the finest 
for farmers in the Union. Sorghum, fruits, vegetables, flowers, etc., grow as 
easily as anywhere else on the continent. Malaria is a thing almost unknown. 

" The climate is mild and salubrious, and never interferes with out-door labor. 
The average mean temperature is 55° Fahrenheit. The rainfall averages from 



AND OF NKW AL15ANY, INDIANA. 9 



50 to 55 inches. Cattle remain uixm pasture the year aniuiid. The vigor and 
strength of the popuhition are uusurpiu^sed, ami tlie anmial deatli rate is but 
eleven (11) in each 1,000 inhabitants. 

" Sheep, cattle, horses, mules and hogs can be raised with little or no trouble, 
and at small expense, and transportjition facilities for getting stock into the 
markets are ample. As a stock-raising State Kentucky has no equal. For 
speed and endurance the Kentucky horse stands unrivaled. 

" Kentucky has a river boundary of 813 miles of navigable streams, as fol- 
lows : On the north, the Ohio river, 643 miles ; on the ea.st, the Big Sandy, 
120 miles; and on the west, the Mississippi, fifty miles. Then there are the 
Tennessee, Kentucky, Cumberland, Licking, Salt, Red, Green, Barren, and other 
rivers running in and through the State, furnishing many miles of interior riveV 
navigation, and which may be largely extended at a moderate cost. Continuous, 
water transportation is afforded via the Ohio and Mississippi rivers and the 
Gulf of Mexico to every (juarter of the globe. 

"The following table of the production of Kentucky cereals for the year 
1880 may not be uninteresting: Barley, 20,124 acres, 487,031 bushels ; buck- 
wheat, 1,396 acres, 14,940 bushels; Indian corn, 3,017,043 acres, 73,856,629 
bushels; oats, 402,859 acres, 4,576,405 bushels; rye, 89,563 acres, 676,154 
bushels; wheat, 1,158,514 acres, 11,341,264 bushels. 

"The cotton and tobacco statistics for 1880 were: Cotton, 3,030 acres, 
1,472 bales; tobacco, 225,049 acres, 170,246,369 pounds. 

"Total value of all taxable property in State for 1880 was $350,563,971. 

"Total population, 1880, white, 1,377,077; colored, 271,522—1,648,599. 
Percentage, white, 83.54; colored, 16.46. Males, 832,616; females, 815,983. 
Percentage, males, 50.50; females, 49.50. 

"Of the fourteen Southern States Kentucky ranks second in the line of ed- 
ucation. According to the United States census of 1880, the percentage of 
persons of ten years of age and upward returned as unable to read was 22.2, 
and unable to write as 29.9, Maryland leading by 16.0 and 19.3. 

"But it is to her grand aggregation of mineral wealth that Kentucky can 
point with pardonable pride. She contains more square miles of coal lands 
than any single country on the face of the earth. She has 14,000 square miles; 
Pennsylvania has only 12,630, and Great Britain, entire, 11,859. England has 
only 6,039. And the coal fields of the Old World have been pretty well robbed 
of their contents, while those of Kentucky have scarcely been touched. A? 
an example of this, London, alone, consumes annually 5,500,000 tons of coal. 
Remember this is annually. In the past two years the city of London, Eng- 
land, has used up more coal than has been taken out of the State of Kentucky 
since the day it was created. This immense body of coal lies in two separate 
fields, called the Eastern and the Western, the former containing 10,000, the 
latter 4,000 square miles; and the best thing connected with these fields of coal 
is the ease and cheapness with which they may be mined. They arc accessible 
from above ground. In England, in some instances, over half a million of dol- 

2 



10 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



lars have been spent in preparing the mine for operation. In Kentucky, a half 
million dollars would open a thousand mines or more. 

"And the coal in tliese valuable hills is equal to any in the universe for all 
purposes for which coal is used. In the eastern field is a coal, the ' Elkhorn,' 
which is equal, if not superior, to the famous ' Connellsville ' coking-coal of 
Pennsylvania. Also some superior canuel coal. I merely mention these two at 
present. Of course, there are most excellent steam, blacksmith, and domestic 
coals in both fields. In the Avestern field, in Hancock county, is a cannel coal, 
known as the ' Breckinridge cannel coal,' Avhich has been declared to be the 
superior of any cannel coal in the world for gas production. It burns easily, has 
but 7 per cent, of ash, 63.52 per cent of volatile matter or gas, and 26.16 per 
cent, of carbon, and it bears transportation equally as well as iron ore. Hancock 
county fronts on the Ohio river, and Cloverport is but nine miles from the mines, 
and thei'e is a railroad built this distance. 

" In addition to coal there are iron and limestone in Kentucky, and in abun- 
(hince, so that, with coal, ore and limestone, furnaces erected upon the modern 
principle, and with all the modern appliances, can be established and made to pay 
royal dividends. There is no reason why such furnaces can not lay the best of 
iron on the bank of the Ohio river at $12 per ton and make a handsome profit." 

THE CITY OF LOUISVILLE. 

The original survey of the present site of Louisville embraced 4,000 acres 
of land, extending from Beargrass creek to the foot of the falls, and was made 
by order of Lord Dunmore, then the royal governor of Virginia, who subse- 
quently deeded the entire tract to John Campbell and Dr. John Connally. The 
latter gentleman, however, having been suspected of leaning toward the throne 
during the revolutionary period, the Virginia Legislature, in 1780, passed "An 
act for establishing the town of Louisville at the falls of the Ohio." Said act, con- 
fiscating Campbell and Connally's property, by the terms of the same act con- 
fiscated it to the Commonwealth, and a board of trustees was a])pointed to 
undertake a new survey, make a plat of the i)roposed town, and to sell the lots to 
whomsoever would buy. The plat then completed is not now known to be in 
existence, the oldest one at present in the city archives having been drawn in 
1812, but the actual life of Louisville began in the spring of 1780, with a popu- 
lation of about 600. 

The navigation of the Ohio and Mississippi, up to 1776, had been all down 
stream, the vessels employed consisting of batteaux, flatboats, and similar frail 
craft, but in the year named a keelboat passed the fills from New Orleans 
for Fort Pitt, with a small cargo of gunpowder. This was the inauguration of 
up-stream navigation and the first demonstration of the practicability of ascend- 
ing the falls with a loaded vessel, and from that laborious voyage grew the tre- 
mendous commerce of the western rivers. It was also a godsend to Louisville, 
providing employment for much of its hardy pioneer population, and later on 
causing the government to undertake and carry out great schemes of improve- 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 11 



ment, which have resulted in rendering harmless the once daiigcrdiis reefs, rocks, 
and eddies of the falls by the construction of a canal around them. It also 
brought hither many enterprising l)usiness men and capitalists, wiio sought in 
the then far AVest scope for their energies and emph)ymeut for their money. 
About 1780 a new fort was erected at the falls, and the arrival of a large in- 
voice of young girls to some extent met the demand for wives which so often 
arises in all new countries. In 1782 the garrison stationed here to protect the 
settlement from Indian forays ere(jted Fort Nelson, a rather imposing strong- 
hold, on ground lying north of Main and between Sixth and Eighth streets. 
For many years the guns of this celebrated fortress commanded all ai)proach to 
the city, and it was regarded as a formidable agent in the pacification of the 
aborigines and the opening of the country on both banks of the river. 

Up to this time, owing to the oppressive and unwise administration ot 
affairs by the town trustees, the progress of Louisville had been very slow in- 
deed, some of the original settlers actually removing to the Indiana side and 
establishing the village of Jeffersonville, which, notwithstanding its disadvan- 
tages of location, bade fair for a time to outstrip its older rival. The recent 
close of the revolution, however, and the release fi-om military duty and prison 
of large numbers of daring and adventurous spirits, brought to the falls a new 
element and a grand influx of people and business. Schools, factories and 
courts were soon in full operation ; navigation and commerce received a new im- 
petus, a spirit of progress became visible in every direction. The people had 
grown weary of, and restive under, the domination of Virginia, and in 1785 a 
petition was presented asking for a separate State government, or rather inde- 
pendence, with the object of becoming a member of the Union. Intex'course be- 
tween the East and West was very slow in those days, and it was not until 1790 
that Virginia's consent was obtained and a petition presented to Congress for 
Kentucky's admission, an act which was consummated in 1792, and Kentucky 
assumed her place in the constellation, the favorite child of old Virginia and 
the eldest daughter of the Union. 

And now commenced in earnest the career of Louisville — a career full of 
incident and interest, but which we have neither time nor space to narrate in 
this place. A new board of trustees was appointed, a code of municipal law 
formulated, and with the ca))ital of the State within easy reach and favorable 
legislation for all of lier material interests assured, the town began a substantial 
and steady growth which has continued in ever-increasiiig volume to the pres- 
ent. The first clieck occurred in 1781 — 1795, occasioned by the embargo laid by 
Spain upon the navigation of the Mississippi ; by tlie complications consequent 
thereupon — among others the Burr conspiracy ; and by the constant strain and 
threats to which commerce was subjected. In the latter year the matter was 
settled by treaty, the river and tlie port of New Orleans being ceded to the 
United States ; but this treaty was set aside in 1802 by the transfer of Louisiana 
to the French government, at the head of which stood the great Napoleon, who, 
in consideration of $15,000,000, abandoned all claim to the river and territory 



12 THE INDITSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



in 1803. The consuminatiou of this transaction opened the way to the gulf and 
the world, and Louisville was not slow to avail herself of the opportunities pre- 
sented to render herself mistress of the Ohio river and its trade ; her commer- 
cial greatness may be said to date from and take its rise in the acquisition of 
Louisiana. Shippingport, Louisville's only rival on the Kentucky shore, wliich 
had sprung into a busy town, Wiis snuffed out by the construction of the falls 
canal, which at the same time rendered navigation at this jioint safe and certain 
at all seasons and stages of water. In 1810 the population had swelled to over 
1,300, and the first police force, consisting of two officers, was organized. The 
first court-house was erected in 1811, and on the 13th of October of the same 
year the first steamboat that ever plowed the Ohio was launched at Pittsburgh 
and reached Louisville three days later, bound for Kew Orleans, in honor of 
which city she Avas named. It were a thrice-told and familiar tale to follow up 
the development of the steamboat interest, which in these days of railroads is of 
comparatively small importance and declines visibly day by day — a fate that 
may in the course of time overtake its destroyer, the iron horse. 

The progress of Louisville has partaken at all times of the character of her 
people, and particularly of her mercantile, mauufactui'iug, and commercial 
classes; it has ever been conservative, deliberate, yet substantial and lasting. 
Every public building and institution of the city bears the impress of solidity 
and permanence, and whatever has been sacrificed in appearance has been moi'e 
than gained in real worth. In short, our architects, both material and moral, 
have built, like those of ancient Egypt, "for all time " 

Louisville's first financial institution — a branch of the Bank of Kentucky — 
was opened in 1812, and the 'same year saw the establishment of the pioneer 
iron foundry of Paul Skidmore, the Western Omrier und Louisville Correspondent 
newspapers. A series of severe earthquakes occurred in this locality, extend- 
ing from December, 1812, to March, 1813, doing, however, no serious damage 
to property, though the alarm and excitement were general. 

The town of Portland was laid out by Wm. Lytle in 1814, chartered in 1834, 
and annexed to Louisville in 1837. New Albany, Ind., was also organized in 
1814, and for many years prosj^ered exceedingly as a steamboat-building and 
manufacturing town. 

The imports and exports of Louisville for 1814 were quite considerable, 
embracing cargoes of cotton, sugar, molasses, cotton, pig copper, and miscel- 
laneous merchandise, and the first paper-mill was erected by Jacob & Hikes. 

In 1815 Louisville boasted 122 factories and stores, one church, one tlieater, 
and two newspapers, and July 3d launched her first steamboat, the "Governor 
Shelby," 122 tons, designed for the New Orleans and Louisville trade. 

Much inconvenience and dissatisfaction existed at this time, ari.«ing out of 
the circulation of "wildcat" money — bills issued by corporations and private 
parties upon the intangible basis of personal credit. Hence the establishment 
of a branch of the United States Bank in 1817 was hailed as a blessing— a bless- 
ing, however, which conferred none of the benefits expected, and which led to 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 13 



the establishment in the ft)llowing year of the Commercial Bank of Louisville, 
capital, §1,000,000. General George Rogers Clark, the founder of this city, 
died this year, and a third newspaper, the Public Advertiser, was started. 

The population in 1S20 was 4,000; value of town lots, §3,500,000; stores 
and fiictories, "207. 

The year 1^25 was marked by the visit of Lafayette and the organization of 
the Louisville and Portland Canal Company, work upon which important im- 
provement began in March of the succeeding year and was completed and 
opened- for use December 5, 1830, at a cost of §750,000. The Focus, a political 
newspaper assailant of General Jackson, also began its erratic career in 1826. 

Louisville was incorporated as a city February 13, 1828, and at the munic- 
ipal election held March 4th succeeding J. C. Bucklin was chosen mayor. 

The aggregate value of business transactions for 1820 footed up §15,000.000, 
and the first public-school edifice was erected the same year. 

The beginning of 1830 found here a population of over 10,000 ; the hum ot 
industrial and commercial activity was heard everywhere. The same year also 
marked the appearance here of Geo. D. Prentice a* d his as.sociation with a Mr. 
Buxton in the establishment of the afterward famous Daily Journal — a newspa- 
per that for a period of nearly forty years was the acknowledged leader of the 
Western and Southern press. 

The Bank of Louisville was opened for business in 1831, with a ca[)ital of 
$2,000,000. 

The Government deposits were removed in 1833, which caused a slight flut- 
ter in business circles. 

In 1835 the Frankfort railroad and the original Gait House were completed ; 
a move was made to light the city with gas, and the p(jpulation was estimated 
at 20,000. One hundred new business houses were erected ; the shipments of 
salt meats reached 4,000,000 pounds, and of whisky 2(),000 barrels; a police 
court was established ; the daily Qity Ga- 
zette and monthly Western Messenger issued. 

An effort was nuide in 1836 to build a 
bridge from the foot of Twelfth street t(, 
the Indiana shore, but was abandoned for 
lack of means. , 

All of the banks suspended April 19, 
1837, in common with similar institutions 
elsewhere, and panic prevailed — the natu- 
ral result of an unlimited credit system, which thus received its death-blow 
to the eternal good of the country's material interests. Recovery was slow, 
but it came, and with it a more substantial j)ros})eritv than evei-. 

In 1840 the population was 21,210; capital invested in manufactures, 
$713,675 ; newspapers, 16 — five dailies, three semi-weeklies, seven weeklies, and 
one monthly. The city was first lighted with gas this year, and the so-called 
"great fire" occurred. ^Manufactures and trade were again on their feet, and 




JEll'KUSDN UULMV UUUU'r-llOUSK, 



14 THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 

the wreck of the past cleared away, so that, established upon a firm basis of 
fair values and sound currency, there was no reason to apprehend further dis- 
aster to business interests. And so the Falls City moved onward in the march 
of progress without halt or interruption for many years, gradually extending 
her connections and influence throughout the vast and immensely productive 
Ohio and Mississippi valleys, adding to her prestige and population and grow- 
ing with a healthy growth. The Louisville & Frankfort Railroad Company 
was chartered; a railroad was constructed from JefFersonville to Columbus, 
Indiana, another from New Albany to Salem, and the initial steps taken toward 
the building of the Louisville & Nashville railroad, which enterprise was char- 
tered March 2, 1850, and work begun in 1851. 

The Louisville, New Albany & Chicago railroad, chartered in 1847, was 
opened for traflic. The Jeffersonville & Indianapolis railroad began operations 
in 1853, thus affording direct outlets north and west for Louisville enterprise. 

The failure of the Ohio Life and Trust Company, of Cincinnati, in 1857, 
brought with it another national financial disaster from which Louisville sufiered 
severely, but not to the extent felt elsewhere, though the general resulting in- 
activity which ensued affected the banks and other fiduciary institutions some- 
what, and trade was dull, though not for long, for in 1859 the city was as busy 
and prosperous as ever. In 1860 her population numbered 68,000, and she was 
in a more flourishing condition than ever before ; but her interests were with 
the South ; most of her trade was with that section ; and the beginning of the 
great civil war at once tied up her commerce, closed her factories, stopped every 
industry, and with fitful intervals bound up and paralyzed her energies during 
four long and gloomy years. The banks were wrecked, and the strongest of 
them all, the Southern Bank of Kentucky, canceled its stock at $2.00 for $1.00 
in gold and closed its doors forever. The corporate State banks were taxed out 
of existence in 1863, and were succeeded by representatives of the National bank- 
ing system. 

The close of the fratricidal struggle between the States in 1865 again opened 
to the Southern States the markets along the border, and Louisville again be- 
came the center of trade and commerce. But the South was impoverished, and 
it required much encouragement in word and deed to prevail upon her broken- 
spirited children to again take up the implements of jDeace and resume their 
place among the nations. Louisville contributed generously of both encour- 
agement and substantial aid in those dark days, and has ever since the restora- 
tion of prosperity continued to I'eap her reward in the love and confidence and 
material patronage of that people. 

Northern and Eastern men were not slow to see the advantages that must 
accrue to Louisville from the altered condition of the South, socially and polit- 
ically, and flocked hither by hundreds, investing their capital and energy in 
enterprises of all kinds that have added vastly to the city's wealth and import- 
ance. Trade and industry took a new start, more vigorous and successful than 
ever, and the growth of the city in all that goes to constitute a prosperous and 



AND OF NEW ALHANY, INDIANA. 



15 



happy community has been wonderful. New railroiuls, the extension of old 
ones, the bridging of the Ohio, the improvement of the canal and of river navi- 
gation, the introduction of inod(M-n methods in every department of business 
life, the erection of magnificent buildings devoted to commerce, manufactures, 
and domestic purposes, the extension and emendation of the school system, and 
a thousand other indications ])oint the lesson that, whatever her immediate 
losses, Louisville was ultimately an immense gainer by the war and the changed 
conditions which have since obtained. The Knoxville branch of the Louisville 
& Nashville railroad was built in l^(i7; the Cincinnati Short Line (now a por- 
tion of the Louisville tt Nashville sy-stem) was opened, and the Ohio & Missis- 
sippi connection nuide in 1<S69. The Courier and Journal consolidated in 1868, 
and the Commercial was established in 1 >*()!). The same vear witnessed the be- 




PUBLIC IJHKARY BUILDIN(}. 

ginning of work on the Ohio river bridge and the laying of the City Hall corner- 
stone. 

The census of 187U showed a j)()])ulation of 100,753; valuation of real and 
personal property, ^70,715,620; taxes, $1,386,012.4!). 

The event of 1871 was the completion of the canal enlargement. The 
bridge and City Hall were completed in 1872, and the first Exposition building 
erected in the same year. The prospect never appeared brighter than at the 



16 THE INDUSTPaES OF LOUISVILLE 



opening of 1873, a prospect that was doomed to end in a sad disappointment, 
the panic of that year and the long train of resulting evils brought about by 
the failure of Jay Cooke & Co., the effects of which have never yet been en- 
tirely obliterated in some portions of the country. As before, however, Louis- 
vUle weathered the storm comparatively unharmed in herself, though the 
depression that followed naturally reacted upon her trade. She went her way, 
as usual, and repaired damages as best she might, continuing to build up her 
connections and prosecute her l)usiness enterprises as of yore, and prospering 
accordingly. 

Up to the beginning of the depression inaugurated at the East in 1882, and 
which, for several years, has swept slowly, yet irresistibly, across the continent, 
Louisville had made extraordinary progress, and, even despite the general inac- 
tivity of manufactures elsewhere, had considei-ably inci'eased her annual sales, 
but the wave of depression referred to seriously crippled her enterprise and re- 
tarded her operations in the field of commerce, and it is questionable if even 
the most violent of the financial storms of the past ever so woefully affected her. 
It is pleasant, however, to know that the light is breaking at last, that industry, 
enterprise and pluck are preparing for another season of prosperity, and that 
Louisville stands ready to avail herself of the many and mighty advantages she 
possesses to join again in the race for mercantile and industrial pre-eminence. 



AND OF NEW AI.UANY, INDIANA. 17 



Whs Rrssqov. 



A GLANCE AT THE CITY'S STATUS— ADVANTAGES SUMMED UP. 



Geographically, Louisville bears the same commercial relation to the New 
South that Chicago bears to tlie New North-west, with this important ditiereuce : 
In addition to her extensive railroad connections she has an advantage that can 
not he over-estimated in the noble river that, flowing at her feet and cai)able of 
bearing the traflic of a nation, mingles its watei's with those of the majestic Mis- 
sissippi, and thus, through that great artery and its tributaries, brings to our 
doors the rich products of the vast regions that border the Upper and Lower 
Mississippi, the St. Francis, the White, Black, Arkansas, Yazoo, Ouachita, Red, 
and many other navigable water courses. It is true, the steamboat interest has 
sadly declined of late years, but who shall say that under proper conditions, the 
denser peopling of the great Mississippi basin and its })roper improved cultiva- 
tion, the adoj^tion of more economical methods of transportation, and the api)li- 
cation of a new motor that shall proi)el the craft of the future at a speed to 
rival that of the iron horse — who so bold as to assert that the day of prosperity 
upon these great natural channels shall never again dawn ? In the matter of 
railroads, however, Louisville is sj)ecially fjivored, having quick, easy, and cheap 
communication with all important j)oints on the continent, while other lines are 
steadily pushing toward her gates, each opening up new avenues for the enter- 
prise of her sons. For, notwithstanding the conservative "old fogyism" that 
still wraps the souls of numy of our citizens in drowsy content, there can be no 
question that much of the modern spirit of progress, energy, enterprise and 
vim that pushes the world along exists here, and is becoming more powerful 
year by year, though it has at pi-esent a fearful load to carry in the old fogyism 
aforesaid. Louisville has another important advantage in the inunense })r()duct- 
ive capacity and good will of the country to the southward. Slie ])roved her- 
self their friend in times past, and they cling to her despite every inducement 
offered by rivals for their trade and favor. Let Louisville see to it that by no 
fault of hers are they ever alienated. Let her continue to construct railroads 
by which they may reach her with as little trouble, expense and loss of time as 
possible, make them welcome when they come, and offer them as great induce- 



18 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 




LOHHY OF LOUISVILLE HOTEL. 



ments in goods and prices as they can secure elsewhere, and there is no danger 
that they will ever abandon her for her rivals. " Blood is thicker than water," 
and fair dealing and courtesy only make stronger the ties of consanguinity and 
personal intimacy, 

CITY GOVERNMENT. 

The city government is composed of a mayor (who is chief executive), board 
of aldermen, and board of councilmcn, each ward having one representative in 
each board, and thus placing all city legislation in the hands of twenty-four men, 
whose action, however, may be vetoed by the mayor. 

The police department is under control of a chief, whose salary is $3,000 per 
annum, and who is assisted by a strong staff of lieutenants and sergeants. 

The fire department is directed by a chief, salary $2,500 a year, and two 
assistants at $1,095 each, every company having a captain and full complement 
of daring and skillful firemen. A complete telegraphic aud telephonic apparatus 
is made a part of the police and fire equijiment, and both branches of the 
service are well-managed, prompt and efficient. The engines and other appa- 
ratus are of the latest improved makes; the best discipline obtains, and, through 
the co-operation of })()lice and firemen, destructive confiagrations are very rare. 



POPULATION, SCHOOLS, ETC. 

According to a close approximate estimate made by Mr. C. K. Caron (to 
whose excellent Directory we acknowledge our obligation for much valuable in- 



AND OP NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



19 



formation), the population of Louisville proper, January 1, 1886, was 161,022, 
and increasing at a healthy and gratifying rate. The city is a remarkably 
salubrious one, and the public health for many years has been as good as that 
of any citv in the country. In proof of this assertion the mortality tal)les ex- 
hibit the pleasing fact that Louisville stands first in the list of cities of over 
60,000 population in ])oint of light death-rate. Much of Louisville's immunity 
from disea.<e of a general and fatal character is doubtless due to her splendidly- 
paved and well-cleaned street.*, the pride and glory of her citizens. 

During the year 1885 there were erected and completed within the cor])or- 
ate limits 906 buildings of all classes, valued at $2,o52,.Sl2 — a most gratifying 
increase over any previous year, and a convincing proot that Louisville's 




LOUISVILLE CITY HOSPITAL. 

claims as a place of residence and business are recognized by increasing hosts of 
new-comers year by year. Included in the above statement are embraced some 
of the most costly and elegant public and private edifices in the West or South 
— buildings that would adorn any city in the world. 

The public schools consist of one male and one female high school and thirty- 
one common schools, with an average daily attendance, last year, of 12,226 
white and 2,283 colored children. The city also maintains six night .schools, 
which swell the aggregate cost of public instruction for the past year to $284,- 
015. Higher education is represented by two theological seminaries — the 
Southerti Baptist and Colored State L^niversity ; the LTniversity of Louisville, 
the Louisville Medical College, the Hos})ital College of Medicine, the State 



20 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE' 



Board of Pharmacy, the Louisville kSehool of Pharmacy for women, the Louis- 
ville College of Pharmacy, the Louisville Educational Association, the Ken- 
tucky Institute for the blind, and jjrinting house for the blind are also located 
here. 

^ Of Libraries there are three — the Louisville Law Library, library of the 
Louisville Library Association, and the Polj'technic Institute Public Library, 
the latter containing 30,000 volumes. The institute itself is divided into acad- 
emies of medicine and surgery, law, geology, art, etc. 

COURTS. 

The Federal, United States Circuit and District Courts sit in the Government 
building. The Jefferson Circuit Court, Court of Common Please, County 
Court, and Chancery Court sit in the County Court-house. The City Court 
sits in the Citv Hall building. 




FIKST CllKlSliAN CUUKCH. 
[V>y courtesy of Salem Stone and Lime Compiuiy.] 

CHURCHES, ETC. 

Louisville lias a large percentage of moral and religious people among its 
residents, as is attested by the numerous handsome and s})acious houses of wor- 
ship, embracing nine white and sixteen colored Baptist churches, seven white 
and three colored Christian, fourteen Episcopal, four German Evangelical, four 
German Reformed cliui'ches, three Hebrew synagogues, four Lutheran, twelve 
INIethodist E])iscopal South, five jNIethodist Episcopal North, one Primitive 
Methodist, thirteen colored Methodist, nine Presbyterian North, seven Presby- 
terian South, one Associated Reformed Presbyterian, one Unitarian, one Gospel 
]\Iission, eighteen Roman Catholic. 

Secret societies of a fraternal and benevolent character have a vei^' heavy 
membership. Indeed, it almost seems that every respectable citizen is a 



AND Ol" M:\V ALHAXY, INDIANA. 21 

member of one or more of them ; and they wielil a most wholesome and benefi- 
cent influence. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

The bankins; facilities of this city are ample and of the hi<rhest order as re- 
gards character and management, embracing the Louisville Clearing House, the 
Bank of Commerce, Bank of Kentucky, Bank of Louisville, Falls City Bank, 
Farmers and Drovers' Bank, Franklin Bank of Kentucky, (Jerman Bank, Ger- 
man Insurance Bank, German 8ecurity Bank, Louisville Banking Company's 
Bank, Masonic Savings Bank, People's Bank of Kentucky, Western, and First, 
Second, Fourth, Citizens, German, Kentucky, Louisville City, and ]Merchants' 
National Banks. 

The local insurance companies are : Life — The Louisville Mutual of Ken- 
tucky ; the Presbyterian Mutual Insurance Fund of Louisville, Ky. ; the 
People's ]Mutual Assurance and Endowment Association of Louisville, Ky. ; 
the American Mutual Aid Society ; the jNIethodist jNIutual Aid Association of 
Kentucky ; the National Mutual Benefit Association, and the Kentucky 
Mutual Security Fund Company. Fire — Board of Fire Underwriters, City 
Fire and JNIarine, Falls City Insurance Company of Louisville, Franklin of 
Louisville, German Insurance Company, German National Insurance Company, 
Louisville German Security Insurance Company, German Washington Mutual 
Fire Insurance Association, Kentucky and Louisville Mutual Insurance Com- 
pany, Kentucky and Tennessee Association of Fire Underwriters, Louisville 
•Germania Insui'auce Company, Louisville Insurance Company, Louisville 
Underwriters, Merchants' Insurance Company of Louisville, Union Insurance 
Company of Louisville, and Western Insurance Company. 

Besides these home institutions, every prominent British and American fire 
and life association is represented here by agencies, and every opportunity is 
afforded citizens to secure indemnity for loss of life or property. 

Of loan and building associations, there are two, the Central Building Asso- 
ciation and Westview Building Company, each jjresenting excellent opportuni- 
ties for the safe and profitable investment in real estate of thrifty people's 

savings. 

/ 

THE PKESS. 

The press of Louisville, generally distinguished for ability and enterprise, 
embraces some thirty-five distinct publications, referred to more at length in 
another place, as follows : 

Daily newspapers — English : The Courier-Journal, morning ; The Commer- 
cial, morning; The Times, evening; The Post, evening. German: The An- 
?eiger, morning. 

Semi-weekly — German : The Anzeiger. 

Weekly newspapers— English : The Courier-Journal, The Commercial, The 
Sunday Argus, Truth, The Farmers' Home Journal, Town and Country, The 
Louisville Democrat, The Southern Journal, The Ohio Falls Express, The 



22 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

Southern Trade Gazette, The Advertiser and Journal of Commerce, The Labor 
Record, The Central Catholic Advocate, The Christian Observer, The Western 
Recorder, and The Louisville Medical News. German : The Anzeiger, The 
Louisville Omnibus, and The Katholischer Glaubensbote 

Semi-monthly — English : Home and Farm. 

Monthly — English : The Educational Courant, Electra, The Kentucky Col- 
onist, The Louisville Mauufocturer and Builder, The Medical Herald, The 
American Practitioner, The Orphan's Friend, Duncan's Monthly Magazine of 
Live Stock, and The Southern Bivouac. German : Vereins Gruss (Y. M. 
C. A.). 

Annual — English : The Western Farmers' Almanac. 

TRANSPORT ATIOK. 

The railroad facilities of Louisville are very complete, connections extend- 
ing to all points of the compass, and embracing direct lines to all important 
Northern, Western, Southern, and seaboard cities, while river communication 
is maintained by several lines of steamers plying up and down the Ohio. Sev- 
eral railroads are projected, and several are in course of construction, besides 
the following : The Louisville & Nashville, running through Kentucky, Ten- 
nessee, Alabama, and Mississippi to New Orleans, with a branch (the Short 
Line) to Cincinnati ; the Louisville, Cincinnati & Lexington, via Frankfort to 
Lexington ; the Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis ; the Louisville, New Al- 
bany & Chicago ; the Chesapeake, Ohio & South-western ; the Jeffersonville, 
Madison & Indianapolis ; the Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific ; the 
Ohio & Mississippi, and the Louisville, Harrod's Creek & Westport (narrow- 
gauge). The Central Transfer Company and the Pullman Palace Car Com- 
pany also contribute largely to the comfort of travelers and the convenience of 
shi])pers. 

The street-car lines, permeating all parts of the city, are under control of 
the Central Passenger Railroad Company. 

The regular steamboat lines are maintained by the Cincinnati & Louisville 
and Louisville, Evansville & Henderson Mail and Memphis & Ohio River 
Packet Companies. The two first named send out a boat each every day, and 
the latter twice a week. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

The public buildings of Louisville are generally fine structures, creditable 
alike to their architects and to the liberality of the citizens. The most impos- 
ing of these at present is the county court-house, which occupies the half square 
bounded by Fifth and Sixth streets, Jefferson street and Court Place, a uoble 
pile of pure classic design and imposing appearance. Next in point of simple 
grandeur is the Masonic Temple, fronting on Fourth avenue, Jefferson and Green 
streets, and the Custom-house and Post-office, corner of Green street and Third 
avenue. The new Government building now in course of erection at Fourth 
avenue and Chestnut streets will be, when completed, an ornament to the city, 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



23 




MASONIC tkmi'lh;. 



and a'sub-^tuutial recogiiitiou of her claim to rauk with the ini])<)rtant business 
centers t)f the country. Our second illustration gives a fine view of this eleo'ant 
building, photographed from the supervising architect's drawing especially for 
this work. The City Hall, of which also we present a handsome engraving, is 
another beautiful and exceedingly well-constructed edifice, as are the Board of 
Trade and some other public edifices. The Exposition building, illustrated on 
our fourth page, from an original drawing, is one of the most spacious, substan- 
tial, conveniently arranged and easy of access from all portions of the city and 
country that can be found anywhere. 

SEMI-PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

Under this head come the hotels, theaters, concert halls, leading business 
houses, churches, colleges, hospitals, etc., of which Louisville boasts a large 
number of very fine ones. The Gait House, Louisville Hotel, Courier-Journal 
building, City Hospital, Public Library building, and others illustrated in these 
pages present some of the most attractive features of Louisville and support her 
claim to a high place among those communities which place a proper estimate 
upon and render due reward to taste and talent as exemplified in the arts and 
progress of the times. The church architecture of the city is particularly fine, 
and is the pride of the devout of all denominations. 

PLACES OF AMUSEMENT. 

There are three handsomely-appointed theaters — the Masonic Temple, Fourth 
avenue and Jefferson street ; Macauley's, Walnut street, near Fourth avenue, 
and the New Grand, Jefferson street, between Third and Fourth avenues. 
Harris' Museum, No. 537 Fourth avenue, also affords cheap and rational 
amusement and is largely patronized by the best class of people, citizens and 
strangers. 



24 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



JVIanuFaaturGs, (3ommGrGG, 



In the foregoing pages Ave have touched more or less briefly upon the natural 
advantages and acquired facilities of Louisville in its various aspects, and little 
remains to be said on that head other than to present the figures showing her 
progress, collated at various times since the introduction, or rather the estab- 
lishment, of steam navigation upon the Ohio river, and the first appearance in 
printed form of reliable data — Dr. McMurtrie's " Sketches of Louisville," issued 
in 1819 : 



BanlxS 

Wholesale and retail stores 
Comniis-ioii stores .... 

Boole stores 

Printing oflRccs 

Drng stores 

Hotels and Taverns . . . 

Groceries - . 

Mechanics' shops, all kinds 
Steam factories or mills . . 

Otlier factories 

Lawyers 

Physicians 

Churches 

Schools and Colleges . . . 



1819 


1844 


1871 


1883 


3 


f) 


26 


29 


36 


162 


276 


1,555 


14 


41 


107- 


60 


3 


6 


3i 


29 


3 


10 


25 


39 


3 


18 


77 


93 


6 


15 


34 


32 


28 


138 


6H1 


786 


64 


314 


672 


1,1(19 


3 


46 


120 


487 


11 


53 


187 


545 


V2 


80 


205 


236 


2-1 


73 


198 


328 


3 


26 


86 


129 


1 


59 




395 



It is safe to add to the exhibit for 1883 ten per cent, of gain, since the pros- 
perity of the city during the past three years has been marked in contrast Avith 
the depression which has prevailed throughout the North. The latest reliable 
statistics of manufacturers here, issued in 1883, are as follows: 

Nunrbor of establishments 1 3^0 

Capital investel f:22.000.000 

Number of employes 2J,000 

Annual wa-os /. . . $6,000.0(0 

Valueof raw materials $2--',50i',(i('0 

Value of product $36,000,000 



AUD OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



25 



During 1882 cotton to the amount of 150,000 bales was shipped through 
here, North and East, which could have been manufactured at this point at a 
saving of 8350,000 in treights. The waste in this direction becomes greater year 
by year, and supplies a powerful argument in favor of the establishment of cot- 
ton factories around the falls. 

The subjoined table presents the financial condition of the various Ijouisville 
banks, January 30th, since when there has been no material cliaiige : 



' I'AK 
VAI,UK. 



Bank of Kentucky 100 $1,645,100 

Bank (.f Louisville 100 (594 100 

Bank of Commerce i 100 800.000 

Falls City Bank 100 4UO.00O 

Farmers'" and Drovers' Bank 100 305,000 

German Bank , 100 188,400 

German In>iiranee Bank 50 i 249,500 

German Set-uritv Bank ' 100 i 179.000 

Louisville Hankini; Company 100 I 'J29.500 

Masonic Bank .:....■ 2') 250.000 

People's Bank 100 1 50,(i00 

Western Bank 100 250.0(iO 

National Banlc, First 100 500.000 

National Bank, Second 100 I^OO.OOO 

National Bank, Third I 100 300,000 

National Bank, Fourth 100 ; 800,000 

Citizens' National Hank 100 500,000 

German National Bank 1 100 251,000 

Kentucky National Bank ' 100 j 500.000 

Louisville Citv National Bank [ 100 j 400.000 

Merchants' Natioiuil Dank 100 I 500,000 



$800,000 
19,800 
88,000 

'6,023 
23,.50O 

105,700 
81.323 

316,700 
80,000 
36.(100 
42,479 

250.000 
39.00(1 
34,(153 
42,901 
50,000 
75,000 

200.0110 
90,000 

185,000 



DIVIDENDtS. 

8 por cent. 

Pas.-ed. 

6 per cent. 

Passed. 
. 6 per cent. 

8 per cent. 

8 per cent. 
10 per cent. 
10 per cent. 

8 per cent. 

6 per cent. 

6 per cent. 

8 per cent. 

6 per cent. 

7 per cent. 

6 per cent. 

7 per cent. 

8 per cent. 
8 per cent. 

7 per cent. 

8 per cent. 



Whisky and tobacco are the leading products of Louisville, yet vast quanti- 
ties^ of agricultural implements, vehicles of all kinds, leather, textile fabrics, 
boots and shoe:s, cement, steam engines, machinery, architectural iron work, 
stoves, tin and sheet iron ware, sash, furniture, doors and blinds, cooperage, etc., 
add to the volume of her industries and trade. Under the head of " Transporta- 
tion " will be found tables that indicate very nearly the extent of these industries 
by comparing shipments with receipts of manufactured goods. In brief, Louis- 
ville is the largest tobacco market in the world ; it makes and ships more cement 
than any city in the United States ; it makes more oak-tanned leather than any 
city in the United States ; it makes more plows than any city in the world ; it 
makes more jeans than any other city ; and, last, but not least, it handles more 
fine whisky than any other market in the United States. 



26 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



IJfTER,N\L REVEXUE STATISTICS. 



Amount of Collections of Internal Kevenue, in the Fifth District of Ken- 
tucky, FOR ti*e Calendar Years Indicated. 



MONTHS. 



1881 



January $298,653 19 

February ... 2(i4,^03 01 

Harcli 2()8,8()9 Oil 

April 322,-117 49 

May 341, 463 31 

June 279,^29 o9 

July 271,038 38 

August 342.227 08 

September 3i3, 113 56 

October 418,032 S2 

November 3()9,149 33 

December 346,463 54 



1882 



1883 



$356, 
286. 
341. 
397, 
512, 
448, 
397, 
482. 
567, 
634, 
625. 
533, 



.874 75 
939 70 
,(i76 52 
o94 55 
617 
493 91 
635 15 
,825 77 
3.56 74 
,725 84 
,281 93 
,367 39 



$081, 
582 
811, 
669, 
900. 
6ii3, 
606. 
645, 
660, 
699. 
7iii: 
625 



016 41 
787 72 
195 14 
998 60 
,983 11 
607 9 5 
751 18 
823 32 
.521 90 
854 89 
,«00 22 
,465 94 



1884 



555, 
775, 
873, 
846, 
915. 
68'*. 
«29. 
564, 
569, 
609, 
582. 



1886 



$721,918 72 
485,102 05 
7(il,395 04 
5(i2,ii01 21 
505,493 36 
3 4,469 18 
4()0,764 13 
458,339 39 
614,255 69 
734,826 55 
503,431 29 
907,818 21 



1886 



$127,550 89 
5d7,.581 87 
687,408 20 



Statement, in Gallons, of "Whisky in Bond in the Fifth District of Kentucky, 
January 1, 1886, by Months of Production. 



Months. 



Year. 



July 1881 

AugUi^t 

September 

October 

November 

December 

January j 1882 

February " 2,073 

March " 8G,(>^G 

April " 281,855 

May " 347,150 

June " • 240,733 



Crop of '82. Year. 



1882 



1883 



Crop of '83. 



23,230 



1, 
54. 
163, 
2()7, 
284. 
444. 
495, 
51 f). 
119, 



226 
675 
986 
161 
5('6 
.2 -'3 
542 
626 
204 



Year. 



1883 



1884 



Crop of '84. 



454 



136 
100,246 
314,843 
449,419 
352,618 
555,129 
608,328 
502.878 
160,688 



Statement, in Gallons, of Whisky in Bond — Continued. 



Months. 



July . . . 
August 
September 
October . 
November 
December 
January . 
February . 
March . . 
April . . 
May . . . 
June . . . 



Year. 



1884 



188 



Crop of '85. 



9.885 



1, 

50, 

218, 

4;50. 

577. 

968. 

1.200. 

1,166. 

546, 



640 

828 
703 
893 
574 
797 
,807 
415 
388 



Crop of '86. 
Year. Crop of '86. ' Total 

Production. 



1885 



24.9H7 


35,182 


25,530 


52.961 


41,582 


61,049 


45,367 


68,873 


221.551 


27(',f;C)5 


852,834 


915,597 



Of the 28,269,322 gallons in the Kentucky distillery warehouses, March 1st, the Fifth 
(Louisville) district had 14,139,837. 



AXD OF NKW ALRAXY, INDIANA. 



27 



CLEARING-HOUSE STATI^^TICS. 



Monthly bank clearings through Louisville cleariiiir-liouse for tlie years LS81 
to 1886 inclusive : 



MONTHS. 


1881 


1882 


1883 


1884 


1885 


January . . 


' $-29,988,130 


$33,890,122 


f 36.22 1,1 '57 


$18.2-14.844 44 


$19,332,133 43 


February 


29.578,584 


30,751,256 


28,419.031 


17.C.87.397 61 


16.718.872 07 


March . . . 


33.K25.0()2 


3 -'.197,206 


34,0I9.H48 


20.045,158 19 


17.478,579 39 


April . . . 


30,561,216 


31,012,544 


32.128,743 


19.728.(148 95 


18,973.488 27 


May . . . . 


31.5(18,711 


33,264,881 


36.6112,(171 


22.367.720 27 


17,949,378 91 


June . . . . 


33,277,919 


32,160,239 


35.657,237 


18.072.267 27 


17,809,736 69 


July . . . . 


37,611,364 


34.007.1 '66 


36.040.338 


15.979,738 81 


18,826,184 41 


Auijust . . . 


83,801,090 


29,302,148 


33,432.271 


14.045,462 11 


16,053.562 20 


September . 


' 3-.>,649,OC.i 


31,274,495 


35.7(56,057 


14,891,(327 42 


15,797,354 50 


October . . . 


34.207.944 


33.686,346 


40,754.287 


16,211,381 67 


19,467,445 15 


November . 


33,811,387 


31,('74,632 


41,625,057 


15.445,: 95 77 


18,591,833 86 


December . . 


35,710,646 


34,114,048 


38,938,973 


18,342,412 28 


20,750,4i'6 48 


Total . . . 


j$396,33l,005 


«387.334,983 


•;439,604,970 


$211,281,854 79 


$217,748,975 31 



RECAPITULATION. 



Debits and Credits, 1881 $396,331,005 00 

Debits and Cn'dit?, 1882 387.334,983 00 

Debits and Credits, 1883 ; 439,604,970 00 

Credits only, 1881 211,281,854 79 

Credits only, 1885 217,748,975 31 



28 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



WoiaHGGD, 



Louisville is the natural outlet of the greatest and most productive tobacco- 
growing district in the world, a fact which for many years has been utilized to her 
commercial advantage. It is only within a recent period that her most formid- 
able and energetic competitor for supremacy in this trade — Cincinnati — has suc- 
ceeded in making serious inroads ujion the Falls City's territory and drawing 
from her any considerable share of the annual crop. This was effected chiefly 
through the agency of the Cincinnati Southern railroad, which, penetrating the 
heart of the best tobacco-growing counties, offered extraordinary inducements 
to shippers in the matter of freight rates, etc., while the Cincinnati Tobacco 
Asso'ciation, composed for the most part of Kentuckians, have left no stone un- 
turned to divert to their market as much as possible of this great sta})le. 
They have been met, however, by equally vigorous methods, the construction of 
new railroads, liberal concessions in freight rates, commissions, storage, etc., un- 
til, as the figures for the past year show, Louisville has more than regained her 
former ascendancy, handling last year the unprecedented aggregate of 107, ()70 
hogsheads of leaf. Cincinnati's receipts for the same period were 64,357 hogs- 
heads. 

The greatest public celebration ever seen in Louisville took place September 
17th last, in honor of the one hundred thousandth hogshead received here witliiu 
eight and a half months. Up to the date named the sales footed up 101,110 
hogsheads, as follows : 

WAREHOUSEg. HOGSHEADS. 

Pickett 7,085 

Boc.ne • • 7,374 

Enterprise 3,565 

Farmers 13,028 

Kentucky 3,824: 

Planters 6.()53 

Falls City 11,807 

Louisville 15,833 

Green River 3,531 

Ninth-street 16,809 

Gilbert 6,303 

Sawyer, Wallace & Co 5,298 

Total 101,110 



AND OF NEW AM5ANY, INDIANA. 



29 



The following exhibit of Louisville's tobacco trade since 1850 will be of in- 
terest as showing its growth year by year : 



SALES, 

TEARS. HHDS. 

1850 7,500 

1851 11.200 

1852 28,200 

1853 Ki.KOG 

185'4 10,154 

1855 11,594 

1856 14,975 

1857 '.),012 

1858 1S,974 

1859 18,452 

1860 17,505 

1861 20,825 



SALES, 

YEARS. IIHD8. 

1862 28,908 

1863 36,717 

1864 63,326 

1865 44,210 

1866 35,927 

1867 34,218 

1868 29,508 

1869 39,419 

1870 43,002 

1871 48.(108 

1872 39,182 

1873 53.056 



SALES, 

YKAItS. HIID8. 

1874 72,013 

1875 27,875 

1876 t.0,886 

1877 56,218 

1878 71,080 

1879 58,103 

1880 <;5,281 

1881 67,408 

1882 61,441 

1883 S8,919 

1884 . 81,359 

1885 107,070 



The prospect is that the volume of transactions will continue to grow in 
augmented ratio for many years. The warehouse accommodations now availa- 
ble are as follows : 

Todd warehou.se, Main and Seventh, erected 1835. 

Louisville warehouse, Main, between Floyd and Preston, erected 1844. 

Pickett warehouse, Main and Eighth, erected 1851. 

Farmers' warehouse, AVashington and Second, erected 1851. 

Ninth-street warehouse, Main and Ninth, erected 1855. 

Boone warehouse, Main, between Ninth and Tenth, erected 1861. 

Louisville warehouse, Tenth and Main, erected 1863. 

Planters' Avarehouse, Main and Eleventh, erected 1863; reopened 1874. 

Farmers' warehouse (the new one), ]Main, between Eighth and Ninth, 
erected 1870. 

Kentucky Association warehouse. Eleventh street, erected 1871. 

Enterprise warehouse, Rowan and Twelfth, erected 1878. 

Falls City warehouse, Main, between Tenth and Eleventh, erected 187^ 

Gilbert warehouse, east side of Eighth, erected 1879. 

People's warehouse, Main, between Ninth and Tenth, erected 1879. 

Sawyer, Wallace & Co.'s warehouse, Main, between Ninth and Tenth, 
erected 1883. 

Qivens & Headley's warehouse, Main, between Elevfenth and Twelfth, 
erected 1885. 

Enterprise warehou.se No. 2, Main, between Tenth and Eleventh. 

The following are the tobacco statistics of this market for the six years past, 
1880 to 1885 inclusive, as prepared by AVilliam G. Meier & Co., this city: 



Offerings in December . 
Receipts in December . 
Deliveries in December 
Offerings for the year . 
Receipts for the year . 
Deliveries for the year . 
Stock Jiuuiarv 1st . . . 



188B 

6,366 


1884 

7,347 


1883 


1882 


1881 


. 2.949 


1,935 


3,268 


5,427 


7,556 


2,978 


1,877 


2,728 


6,584 


6,555 


3 165 


2,769 


3,228 


127,123 


80.581 


88,904 


61,441 


67,408 


l;)7,670 


7i',673 


72,068 


53,121 


54,266 


103,718 


68.248 


73,027 


53,091 


57,023 


9,730 


5,778 


3,353 


4,912 


4,882 



1880 



3,166 

2,111 

3,633 

65,001 

62,636 

58.488 

7,639 



30 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



Receipts of Western crop in hogsheads at seaboard and in Western markets 
for same period : 





1835 


1884 


1883 


1882 


1881 


1880 


New York 


102,438 


74,207 


79.661 


71,258 


61,956 


84,836 


New Orleans 


5.500 


6,344 


7,759 


4,692 


12,098 


5,270 


Baltfiiiiore 


12,641 


5,890 


5,842 


1,753 


2,993 


3,314 


Pliilack-lphia 


7.791 


5,100 


5,464 


2,500 


2,134 


3,809 


Eiehnioiid 


22,500 


17,500 


15,000 


12,500 


12,500 


11,000 


Boston 


12,000 


13 136 


7.095 


4.951 


6,073 


4,036 


. Seaboari> 


162 870 
107,670 


122.177 


120,821 


97,654 


97,754 


112,265 


Louisville 


70,673 


72,068 


53,121 


54.268 


52.536 


Cincinnati 


64,357 


48 954 


61.825 


50.182 


57.197 


49,402 


St. Louis 


12 542 


6 704 


10.759 


8.599 


14.492 


14,020 


Paducah 


15.643 


1 3 805 


15.261 


10.561 


9,388 


10.444 


Clarksville 


27.669 


17,243 


18,097 


14,733 


12,677 


16,566 


Hopkinsvillc- .... 


10,464 


6 899 


9,793 


8,085 


9,408 


10,352 


Nasliville 


5,314 


2,274 


4.105 


2 727 


2,707 


4,167 


Evansvilie 


6,839 


5,110 


4,467 


4,765 


5,349 


4,550 


Mayfield 


5,089 






















Western Markets . 


255,587 


171,662 


196,375 


152,773 


165,484 


162,037 



Stocks of Western tobacco, in hogsheads, in Western markets and at sea- 
board for same period : 





1886 


1884 


1883 


1882 


1881 


1880 


Louisville 


9,730 


5.778 


3 353 


4 912 


4,882 


7,639 


Cincinnati 


12,616 


10,201 


11,213 


12,155 


9,369 


3,885 


St. Louis 


6,406 


1,578 


3,551 


3,876 


6,847 


7,835 


Paducah 


610 


392 


476 


177 


188 


211 


Clarksville 


819 


303 


798 


461 


574 


569 


Hopkinsville 


342 


246 


218 


384 


797 


- 286 


Nashville 


234 


83 


13 


30 


85 


199 


Evansville 


63 


27 


99 


165 


71 


344 


Mayfield 


86 






















Western Markets . . . 


80,906 


18,608 


19,721 


22,160 


22,813 


20,968 


Seaboard 


31,465 


20,398 


15,485 


25,913 


44,242 


49,793 


Total, Dec. 31.st . . . 


62,371 


39,006 


35,206 


480,73 


67,055 


70,761 



Revised estimates of Western tobacco crop, in hogsheads, for same years : 





1885 


1884 


1883 


1882 


1881 


1880 


E. Ky.& adj'n.Burley dist. 
Ky. & Tenn., dark dist. . 
Ind. & ill. district . . . 
Missouri district .... 


100,000 

12(»,0()0 

15.01)0 

15,000 


115,000 
120,000 

r2,ooo 

18,00a 


80,000 
95,000 
10,000 
10,000 


85,000 

lOO.OltO 

12,000 

13,000 


65,000 
75,000 
10,000 
10,000 


60,01 
85,000 
10,000 
15,100 


Total 


250,000 


265,000 


195,000 


210,000 


160,000 


170,000 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 31 



WR/qOSPORTHVIOD, 



It is safe to say that no city in the country possesses as many or as peculiar 
advantages as an inkiud center of commercial exchanges as are enjoyed by 
Louisville. She literally sits upon the border, the olive branch of peace in one 
hand, the cornucopia of plenty in the other, and showers blessings upon North 
and South alike, for at her door the richest products of both sections meet and 
pass on their respective ways to consumers separated by distance and climate, 
each eager fur the other's fruits of field or factory. The establishment here of a 
grand railway center whose lines, stretching East, West, North and South, 
should bring together and pour into her lap the wealth of the continent became 
long ago a necessity of her position — a want which could never be filled by the 
river alone. The awakened spirit of commerce and trade demanded, and en- 
terprise and capital built and are still building, new lines of communication in 
every direction, and it requires no prophet to foresee that ere many years 
Louisville will become what nature designed she should be, the great central 
mercantile, manufacturing, and railroad metropolis of the Ohio valley. 

As the leading factor in the new life of the city — one that has more than any 
other contributed to her prosperity and advancement — 

THE LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE RAILROAD. 

Demands first place in consideration because of its importance. This now great 
and commanding artery of commerce is the fruition of a plan originating with 
a few progi'essive citizens who perceived the necessity of securing a direct south- 
ern outlet for Louisville manufacturers and merchants that would secure a por- 
tion at least of the trade of South Kentucky, Middle Tennessee, North Alabama 
and North Georgia. Few of them, indeed, could have foreseen the present vast 
development of the system of which they were the projectors. The Louisville' 
& Nashville Railroad Company was chartered March 2, 1850, and the first 
through train ran tiie entire distance to Nashville (185.28 miles) in Novcml)er, 
1859. It was a great triumph, and one of wliich Louisville — one of the heav- 
iest stockholders — was justly proud. 

The Knoxville branch was opened to Livingston in September, IHJO. The 
Bardstown branch was constructed by the Bardstown ct Louisville Kailroad 
Company, and came into the possession of the Louisville it Nashville Railroad 



32 



THE IXDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



Company by lease, February 24, 1860, and by purchase, in June, 1865. The 
Richiuond branch was opened in Kovember, 1868. The Cecilidn branch was 
purchased January 19, 1877. The Glasgow branch (the Barren County rail- 
road) is operated under temporary lease. The Memphis branch was completed 
in September, 1860, and was operated in connection with the Memphis, Clarks- 
ville & Louisville and the Memphis & Ohio railroads; the first leased Feb- 
ruary 7, 1868, and purchased October 2, 1871, and the latter leased September 
1, 1867, and purchased June 30, 1872. The lease of the Nashville & Decatur 
railroad is dated May 4, 1871, and became operative July 1, 1872. The 
South & North Alabama railroad was built in the interest, and is under the 
control, of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, and was opened Oc- 
tober 1, 1872. This company also acquired the middle divi-ion of the Cum- 
berland & Ohio railroad, from Lebanon to Greensburg, 31.4 miles, and com- 
pleted it in 1879. The company also bought the Tennessee Division of the St. 
Louis & South-eastern railroad, 47 miles, iVpril 6th, and the Kentucky Divis- 
ion of the same, 98.25 miles, May, 1879. 

Control has been obtained, through purchase of the majority of their stocks, 
of the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis raihvay system, 508 miles ; the 
Owensboro ct Nashville railroad, 35 miles, and the Mobile & INIontgomery 
railway, 180 miles. By lease: The New Orleans & Mobile railroad, 141 
miles, and the Pontchartrain railroad, 5 miles. Also, by lease : The Southern 
Division of the Cumberland & Ohio railroad, 30i miles ; and, by lease, also, 
the Indiana and Illinois Divisions of the St, Louis & South-eastern railroad, 
208 miles ; and, by lease, with the right of purchase of one-half of the Selma 
Division of the AVestern railroad of Alabama, 50 miles ; and by outright pur- 
chase, the Pensacola railroad, 45 miles, and the Peusacola & Selma railroad, 
40 miles, now completed, and 30 miles in process of construction. 

Miles of i-oad owned (main liii(') 1,616.36 

Miles of road leased iind operated 220.54 

North & South Alnbama Railroad (controlled) 188.88 

Total 2,025.97 

Rolling stock operated July 1, 1885 : Freight cars, 10,218 ; passenger 
coaches, 32,0 ; engines, 380. 

Number of passengers forwarded and received at Louisville stations for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1885 : 



station. 



Total. 



Maple Street . 
Water Street . 
East Louisvillf! 
South Louisvilli 

Total . . . 




569,149 



AND OF NEW AIJ'.ANY, INDIANA. 



83 




34 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



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36 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVnj.E' 



GROSS EARNINGS 


FOR FISCAL YEARS 1860- 


61 to 1884-85 


INCLUSIVE. 


1860-61 ( 


10mos."),268mi 


iles $ 807.934 67 


1873-74, 


920 miles . 


. . $ 5,510,695 45 


1861-62, 


268 miles . 


. . 822,998 04 


1874-75, 


920 " . . 


. . 4,863,873 80 


1862-63, 


268 " 


. . 1,777,983 56 


1875-76, 


920 " . . 


. . 4-.961,490 29 


1863-64, 


268 " 


. . 3.261,689 90 


1876-77, 


966 " . , 


. . 5,315,326 80 


1861-65, 


286- " 


. . 4,314,540 05 


1877-78, 


966 " . 


, . 5,607,598 48 


1865-66, 


333 " 


. . 8.143,189 47 


1878-79, 


972 " .. . 


. 5,387,595 54 


1866-67, 


333 " 


. . 2.158,874 57 


1879-80, 


1,839 " . 


. . 7,432.843 04 


1867-68, 


561 " 


. . 2,228,609 44 


188(1-81, 


1,872 " . , 


. . 10,911.650 63 


1868-69, 


594 " 


. . 2.381.138 55 


1881-82, 


2,028 " . , 


, . 11,987,744 56 


1869-70, 


594 " 


. . 2,954,658 80 


1882-83, 


2,032 " . . 


. . 13,234,916 28 


1870-71, 


615 " 


. . 3,153,006 90 : 


1883-84, 


2,065 " . . 


, . 14,351,092 81 


1871-72, 


615 " 


. . 3,209,844 53 


1884-85, 


2,075 " . . 


, . 13,936,346 47 


1872-73, 


920 " 


. . 6,106,051 84 i 









LIST OF PRESIDENTS. 

L. L. Shreve — appointed September 27, 1851, resigned October 2, 1854. 

Jno. L. Helm — appointed October 2, 1854, resigned October 2, 1860. 

James Guthrie — appointed October 2, 1860, resigned June 11, 1868. 

Ru.ssell Houston — appointed June 11, 1868, resigned October 8, 1868. 

H. D. Newcomb — appointed October 8, 1868, resigned August 18,1874. 

Thos.*J. Martin — appointed August 26, 1874, resigned October 6, 1875. 

E. D. Standiford — appointed October 6, 1875, resigned March 24, 1880. 

H. Victor Newcomb — appointed March 24, 1880, resigned December 1, 1880. 

E. H. Green — appointed December 1, 1880, resigned February 26, 1881. 

C. C. Baldwin— appointed February 26, 1881, resigned May 19, 1884. 

J. S. Rogers — appointed May 19, 1884, resigned June 11, 1884. 

M. H. Smith — appointed June 1, 1884. 

The officers of the company at present are : President, M. H. Smith ; Vice- 
President, A. M. Quarrier ; General Manager, John T. Harahan ; Secretary, 
Willis Ranney ; Assistant Secretary, R. K. Warren ; Chief Attorney, Russell 
Houston ; General Freight Agent, J. M. Gulp ; General Ticket and Passenger 
Agent, C. P. Atmore ; Comptroller and Auditor, Cushman (Quarrier ; Paymas- 
ter and Cashier, W. W. Thompson. 

The Board of Directors is composed of the following well-known and capable 
business men: John A. Carter, Frederick W. Foote, John A. Horsey, John H. 
Inraan, J. H. Lindenberger, Arnold Marcus, Geo. W. Norton, J. D. Protest, 
Thomas Rutter, J. S. Rogers, Milton H. Smith, John D. Taggart and James 
B. AVilder. 

More than 12,000 men are employed by the company in various capacities, 
and the payment of wages averages $416,000 a month. The capital stock is 
stated at §30,000,000. 

Of the other twenty-four railroad companies in the State the following enter 
Louisville : The Cincinnati Southern ; the Chesapeake & Ohio, and Chesapeake, 
Ohio & South-western, connecting Louisville with the Atlantic seaboard, and 
with the Great Southern Trans-Continental Railroad and with the IMexican 
system ; the Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis ; the Louisville, New Albany 



i^NI) OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



37 




IKMl'LK ADAS ISRAEL, 
(r.v oimrtc-v ciT Salfiij Stuiie i Liiue Culiipiinj-.] 

& Chicago; the Jefferson ville, Madison & Indianapolis; the Big Four, or 
Kan-Ka-Kee line. It has been our endeavor to obtain from all of these com- 
panies the statistics of their operations, but for various reasons they have failed 
to respond to our repeated requests. The same remark applies to the steamboat 
lines, Avhich are as follows : The Henderson Packet line ; the United States 
Mail line, and the Cincinnati. Xew Orlean.-* & Memphis Packet lines. It can be 
seen at a glance that Louisville's advantages for receiving raw material and 
distributing freight are unsurpassed. 

LOUIS\ ILLK, NKW ALBANY & CHICAGO RAILWAY. • 

The main line of this road, running north a few degrees west, traverses the 
State of Indiana from New Albany to Michigan City, 288.26 miles, and its 
branch, Chicago & Indianapolis Air-line, striking in a direct line from Indian- 
apolis to Chicago, 176 miles, connects the two cities by the short line between 
these points and the conjunction of the main stem and its branch, at Monon, 
Indiana, forming the only direct line from Louisville to Chicago. 

The company was organized as the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago Rail- 
road Company, January 25, 1847, and the road opened July 4, 1852. It was 
sold December 27, 1872, under foreclosure, and pifrchnsed in behalf of the first- 
mortgage bondholders for the sum of $3,000,000, by whom it was reorganized 
under its present title. 

The freight and iiassengei' traffic in and out of Louisville for the year 1885, 
and the revenue derived therefrom, is as follows: 

TONS. REVENUKS. 

Freight received 120,396 $t2o3,04J.-Jl 

Freight forwarded 78,303 1GG.02_'.41 

ItFVEXl'ES. 

Passengers received 9.565 $4y.().'4.74 

Passengers forwarded 8,519 85,738.06 



38 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVIIJ.E 



The officers of the company are : Presitleut, Wiu. Dowd, New York ; Vice- 
President and General Manager — John B. Carson, Chicago ; Secretary and 
Treasurer — W. H. Lewis, Chicago ; Assistant Secretary and Assistant Treas- 
urer — Wm. Dulles, Jr., New York; General Superintendent — W. R. Wood- 
ard, Chicago ; General Freight Agent — W. H. McDoel, Chicago ; General 
Passenger Agent — Wm. S. Baldwin, Chicago ; Auditor — Jos. H. Craig, Chi- 
cago ; General Solicitor — Geo. W. Easley, Chicago ; Purchasing Agent — H. O. 
Nourse, Chicago ; Superintendent of Transportation — W. H. Adams, Lafay- 
ette ; Master Mechanic— A. F. McCIatchey, New Albany ; Master Car Builder 
— Charles Callad, New Albany ; Chief Engineer and Superintendent of Road — 
J. Howard Pearson, Chicago. 

JEFFERSON Vrr^l^K, 3IADISON & INDIANAPOLIS RAILROAD. 

The Jeifersouville, Madison & Indianapolis railroad runs almost north from 
the city; crosses the Ohio & Mississippi railway at Seymour, Indiana; forms a 
junction with its Madison branch at Columbus, and, ptssing thr ugh a rich, 
densely-popuhited and productive agricultural country, connects the city with 
Indianapolis by 110.28 miles of road — the short line. Some idea of the great 
importance of this road may be gained from the following statement of its 
affairs, compiled from the books of the Pennsylvania Company, lessees : 

Indianapolis to Louisville 110.28 miles. 

Madison Division 45.90 " 

Shelbyville Branch— Shelbyville to Columbus 23 28 " 

New Albany Branch — Jetfersonville to iS'evv Albany 6,44 " 

Total length of line leased . . . .- 18.j. 00 miles. 

The Pennsylvania Company also operate, in this division, the Shelby and 
Rush railroad, 18.42 miles, and the Cambridge Extension, 20.80 miles, making 
a total of 225.12 miles operated. 

THE OHIO & MISSISSIPPI RATLAVAY. 

By means of tliis great railway system, which, though not terminating at, 
or being controlled by, Louisville, is connected with this city by a branch 
which reaches the main line at North Vernon, Indiana, we are placed in direct 
communication with St. Louis and the West. The policy of this railroad to- 
ward Louisville has been such as to win for it the respect. and esteem of the 
traveling and commercial community, and to its liberal and able management 
we owe much of our Western trade. The road is thoroughly equipped, having, 
perhaps, the most elegant passenger accommodations in the West. The line 
and branches of the road are : 

Cincinnati to East St. Louis, Illinois 340.48 miles. 

Louisville Branch, North Vernon to Jeflfersonvillo 52.52 " 

Springfield Division— Shawneetowii to Bardstown, Illinois 222.U0 " 

Total lengtli of all lines owned and operated ■ tilu.OO miles. 



AND OF Ni:\V All-.ANi, IN) iAnS 



au 




.-1 IV (IF l.DUISVILLE. 



Gauge, 4 feet 9 inches. Rail (steel, 243 m.), 5H and GO pounds. 

Chartered in Indiana, Feln-uary 12, 1848; in Ohio, March 15, 1849; in Illi- 
nois, February 12, 1851. The road was built by two corporations; completed 
in 1867, and since operated under a sole management — the portion from Cin- 
cinnati to the Illinois State line as the Eastern Division, and that in Illinois as 
the Western Division. It had originally a gauge of six feet, and, in connection 
with the Atlantic & Great Western and Erie lines, made a wide-gauge line be- 
tween St. Louis and New York. The Eastern Division was placed in the 
hands of a receiver in April, 18(i().. The Western Division was sold, under 
foreclosure, in June, 1862, and reorganized as the Ohio & Mississippi Railway 
Company, February 5, 1861. 



THE CHESAPEAKE, OHIO & SOUTH- WESTERN RAILWAY. 

The main line, s'arting from tidewater, Richmond, Virginia, holds a gen- 
eral course westward, through a great coal and iron district, to Huntington, 
West Virginia, 427.79 miles. From Huntington, the line is constructed to 
Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, where, forming a junction with the Louisville, Cin- 
cinnati ct Lexington railroad, it runs into Louisville over the latter line. The 
Chesapeake, Ohio & South-western railway, completed 1881, forms the most 
direct line between the seaboard and the West, and ]ilaces Louisville within 
seven hundred miles of the ocean. The grades of this road are much lower 
than those of any other line running west across the mountains, and the supplies 
of coal, iron and timber which exist along its course are, in quantity and 
<|uality, e(|ual to the best on the continent. The proprietors of the road have 
purchased the Elizabetht^wn & Paducah railroad, which, by the addition of 
less than one hundred miles of rail, establishes a connection with the Iron 
Mountain railroad, at Cairo, Illinois. By this connection, the entire trade of 
the great South-west wil flow to and from the sea through the city of 
Louisville. 

The proprietors of the Chesapeake, Ohio & South-western railroad are also 
proprietors of the Western Division of the Southern Pacific railroad, and make 
the Chesapeake, Ohio ct South-western railroad the Eastern or Atlantic Divi- 
sion of the great inter-oceanic system of the South. This arrangement greatly 
increases the importance of Louisvdle as a railroad center. 



40 THK IXDUSTRLES OF LOUISVIU.E 



The Louisville, New Albany & Ht. Louis railway afforJr< the most direct line 
from this city to the West, and this line, in conjunction with the Missouri Pa- 
cific, Union, and Central Pacifies, together with the Chesapeake, Ohio & South- 
western, forms the shortest existing line between the oceans. 

THE LOUISVILLE SOUTHERN RAILROAD. 

This projected new road will, when completed, give Louisville an additional 
direct Southern outlet, via Danville and the Cincinnati Southern, to Chatta-. 
nooga, thus placing the city in immediate connection with the Southern At- 
lantic coast through the superb railroad system centering at, and extending 
eastward and southward through, Virginia, Georgia and Alabama. That the 
road will contribute vastly to Louisville's future growth and commercial pros- 
perity there is no room for doubt. 

The project owes most of its success, so far, to Colonel Bennett Young, 
whose acknoAvledged business and financial ability and indomitable energy have 
conferred so many benefits upon the city, and who also carried to completion 
the Indiana and Kentucky cantilever bridge, illustrated in this work. 

The leading merchants, manufacturers, bankers, tobacco men and capital- 
ists of Louisville recently issued an address to the public, which, after recount- 
ing the advantages that must accrue from the early completion of the road, and 
appealing for subscriptions to the capital stock of $2,500,000, concludes as fol- 
lows : 

"We firmly believe the material interests of our merchants, manufacturers, 
and property-holders would be so much advanced through the competition it is 
afforded by the Louisville Southern railroad that we could well aflTord to subscribe 
the amount of $500,000 to secure the same if we never got back one d* liar of 
this sum. But the facts are very different. Upon the careful and conservative 
estimate made of $2,000 net earnings per mile, which really is absurdly low, we 
can pay §150,000 as six per cent, interest on the bonds, and have remaining 
$16,000 toward a dividend upon the stock. The truth is, Avithin one year after 
the road is open for business the bonds will be readily salable at par, and the stock 
will have a considerable value — how much, we can not now say. Whatever 
that value may be, it will represent a clear profit, which will accuue to those who 
subscribed for the securities of the road. They Avill be, at the same time, en- 
titled to the gratitude of their fellow-citizens for thii exhibition of their enter- 
prise, by means of which our city will keep abreast of her rivals, and the hun- 
dreds of vacant houses which are now placai'ded 'for rent' will be occupied by 
a prosperous people." 

The officers and directors ar*e : President, J. W. Stine ; Vice-President, 
Theodore Harris. Directors — J. W. Stine, Theodore Harris, William Corn- 
wall, jr., Vernon D. Price, Charles Goldsmith, Thomas W. Bullitt, Thomas 
H. Sherley, Bennett H. Young, W. H. Dillingham, St. John Boyle, W. B. 
Hoke, R. S. Veech. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



41 






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50 



THE INDUSTRIICS Oi" UOfl^VILLK 



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AND OF Xi;\V AIJIANV, INDIANA. ")! 



Whs FasLi Wr.hds. 



l^ouisville is a great distrihutiiiir point for S(tiith-l)oun(l coal, hotli river and 
rail j)rovi(ling cheap transportation. About S;>,0()0,()00 worth of rittshuroh 
coal is ha;ulle<l in the Louisville harbor annually, of whieh, probably, two- 
thirds goes on down stream. The river rate on coal, Pittsburgh to Louisville, 
is one and one-half to two cents per bushel (forty to fifty -three cents per ton), 
including return of empty bar^^es ; from here to New Orleans, 1,400 miles, not 
to exceed two cents per bushel (fifty-three cents per ton), exclusive of return of 
craft. The capacity of coal towboats between here and Pittsburgh is 4,000 to 
10,000 tons; between here and New Orleans, from 15,000 to 25,000 tons. This 
coal is distributed all along the Ohio river and the upper and lower ^Mississippi, 
over 10,000,000 tons annually reaching New Orleans and the lower coast. The 
coaling of out-bound steamshii)s at New Orleans is aij extensive business, vessels 
being supplied there with fuel brought 2,000 miles by river as cheaply as at At- 
lantic coast cities. Railroad rates to Louisville from the mines, 115 to 200 
miles, are two to three and one half cents per bushel (fifty-three to ninety-three 
cents per ton). Such rates are comparatively low, and, with good coal at mod- 
erate prices, there is reason to anticipate a vast growth of the trade. 

The coal and coke handled here in 1885 aggregated, including sales by local 
dealers, actual receipts by rail and river, etc., as follows: 

COAL. 

Rl-SHEI.g. TONS. 

Pittsburgh coal, by river 14,10'J.216 589,628 

Ohio river and Kanawha, by river 2,270,952 86,848 

Total by river 16,463,168 625,976 

By C. O. & S. AV. railroad 2,714,212 108,202 

By L. & N. railroad, .Jellico mines 1,4(;h,014 55,742 

By L. & N. railroad. Laurel mines 2,597,125 98,750 

By St. Louis Air Line 1,269.395 48,266 

Total by rail 8,046,746 205,960 

COKK. 

Connellsville. Pennsvlvania 675,817 18,506 

City made ....". 240,000 4.800 

Virginia doO.OOO 12,000 

Gas works fo'ke 500.000 10.000 

Total 2,015.317 40,306 



52 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



MaDIGIPHLi. 



The financial condition of the city is excellent. A vast amount of street 
building, sewer construction, repairs, etc., was done in 1883-84, the result be- 
ing the vast improvement of the city and the securing of thoroughfares that are 
the pride of the peoiile. No special tax was levied for the purpose, which ex- 
plains the increase of the city's bonded debt, which the Sinking Fund Commis- 
sioners reported, January 1st, at $9,016,000. During 1885 bonds representing 




CITY HALL. 



$151,000 were retired, and investment bonds to the amount of $166,000 pur- 
chased — a total of $317,000. The contingent bonded debt to be paid by the 
Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company amounted, on the same date, to 
$1,396,000. No tax for street purposes w'as levied in 1883-84, bonds to the 
amount of $1,500,000 being issued instead. City taxation for five years, 1882 
to 1886, is as follows : 





Eastern District. 


Western District. 


Average. 


1882 


$2 35 
2 10 
2 10 
2 48 
2 30 


$2 35 
2 10 
2 10 
2 48 
2 30 


$2 35 
2 10 


1883 


1884 


2 10 • 


1885 


2 48 


1886 


2 30 


. e. 





AND OF NEW ALUANY, INDIANA. 53 

CITY GOVERNMENT. 

Officers— :Mayor, P. Booker Reed, salary, S4,000 ; City Attorney, T. L. 
Burnett, salary, $4,000 ; City Treasurer, Henry Wolford, salary, S2,000 ; City 
Auditor, Edward Tierney, salary, $1,500; City Engineer, K. T. Scowden, sal- 
ar}' $3,500 ; City Assessor, A. J. Murphy, salary, $2,000; City Book keeper, 
Wm. Ingram, salary, $2,000 ; Tax Receiver, H. W. Kohnhorst, commission 

POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

The police department consists of a chief, salary, $3,000 ; four first-lieuten- 
ants, salaries, $1,000 each; eight second-lieutenants, salaries, $800 each; one 
secretary, salary, $800 ; eight sergeants, pay, $2 per day ; six station-house 
keepei'S, at $2 per day, and one hundred and forty policemen, at $2 per day. 
The patrol system, said to be perfect in all respects, employs six wagons with 
two men to each. The total cost of the police department is about $118,000 a 
year. The detective force, as well as the patrolmen, are selected with special 
reference to their fitness for their respective positions. The present Chief of 
Police, John Whallen, himself an expert detective, and devoted to the service, 
is regarded the best and most satisfactory officer who ever directed the police 
affiiirs of Louisville, a man whose resolute courage, untiring vigilance, and cool 
judgment may be depended upon in any emergency. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

The Fire Department, one of the most complete in organization and equip- 
ment in the world, is at present presided over by Chief Edward Hughes, salary 
$2,500 a year. He has two assistant chiefs — Ben F. Bache and David G. 
Addis — and a secretary, Emile Bourlier. The apparatus consists of twelve 
steam fire engines of the most approved modern pattern ; twelve first-class 
hose-reels provided with an abundance of hose ; two hook-and-ladder trucks and 
all necessary appliances, and two supply wagons. A full complement of trained 
and efficient firemen, selected for courage, skill, and common sense, and offi- 
cered by twelve captains of approved ability, compose the force. Everything 
connected with the department is kept in superb order and ready for instant 
use. A complete fire-alarm telegraph system is also maintained in connection 
with the service. Salaries ai'e as follows: Engineers of steamers, $1,000 per 
annum; captains and pipemen, $2.25 per day; stokers drivers and firemen, 
$2 per day ; telegraph operators, 82.25 per day; linemen, $2 per day. Sixty 
horses, are employed and a hose and repair shop with three skilled workmen 
connected with the department. In all, the fire brigade consists of 110 men 
and officers. 

Major Hughes, who assumed charge in 1879, has been twice re-elected, his 
present term not expiring until 1889. By persistent and well-directed effort he 
has brought this branch of the service up to a degree of perfection seldom seen, 
and made it the equal of any in existence. Personally, Major Hughes is popu- 
lar with his men and the public ; never shirks any duty, however arduous or 



54 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 




MASONIC widows' AND ORPHANS' HOME. 
[By courtesy of Salem Stone and Lime Co.] 

dangerous, and sets an example that is the pride and erauhxtiou of every fire- 
man. During his incumbency every approved innovation in apparatus and 
appliances has been adopted, including stationary steam heaters (which enable 
the engines to start to fires with twenty pounds pressure), patent swinging har- 
ness, sliding poles, electric devices for releasing horses from their stalls and 
opening doors, and other improvements which permit the starting of engines in 
five or six seconds instead of, as formerly, as many minutes. The fire-alarm sys- 
tem now in use, a iopted under Major Hughes' administration, is perfection it- 
self, unfailing and instant. The improved Johnson pump has also been attached 
to all hook-and-ladder trucks, thus adding vastly to their value and usefulness 
at fires. 

In short, Major Hughes has given his entire time and attention to the im- 
provement and advancement of his trust, and no serious or widespread confla- 
gration has, as a consequence, afflicted Louisville since his induction into office. 
The Board of Underwriters not long ago passed and presented to him a set of 
resolutions complimentary to his department and to himself. He is a generous- 
hearted man, a noble fireman, and fully competent to fulfill the duties of his 
important position. 



AXD OF NKW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



55 



Whs I^ohrd or Wi^hd&. 




This institution, which has done so much to ad- 
\ ance the material interests of Louisville, was organ- 
ized in April of 1879, as the result of several efforts 
to combine the solid business element for that pur- 
)se. The first board of directors was composed of 
ilie following-named leading merchants, manufact- 
urers, bankers and insurance men : Peter R. Stoy, 
New xVlbany ; W. Horr, Jeffei'sonville ; J. H. Linden- 
herger, John B. Castleman, B. DuPont, G. C. Avery, 
J. B. Sneed , J. H. Wramplemeier, John E. Green, 
F. D. Carley, D. Frantz, Stephen E. Jones, J. M. 
Atherton, H. C. Payne, Wm. A. Robinson, H. Ver- 
hoeff, jr. , J. S. Phelps, John T. Moore, W. R. Belknap, 
( reorge Gaulbei't, John B. McFerran, AV. H. Edinger, 

The first meeting of 



BOARD OF TB.VC£. 

R. J. Thomas, George D. Norton, Levi Bloom, Louisville 

this board of directors was held on April 30, 1879, at which an election was held 

for the officers authorized by the by-laws, with the following result : 

President, Mr. F. D. Carley; vice-presidents, John B. McFerran, Wm. A. 
Robinson, H. Verhoeff, jr., B. DuPont, P. R. Stoy; treasurer, Mr. J. H. Lin- 
denberger. The selection of a superintendent Avas postponed. At a meeting 
held May 27, 1879, the following executive committee was elected : J. M. 
Atherton, Wm. A. Robinson, J. B. Speed, John B. McFerran, John T. Moore. 

The charter authorizes the issue of S300,000 capital stock, limited by by-law 
to 81,000,000, and over S46,000 was subscribed in a few days. At the close of 
1879 the board had 259 members, and represented 175 firms. Its committees, 
then, as now, were selected from the best material in the organization. Mr. J. 
B. ]\[cFerran was elected president January 12, 1880, and was succeeded by Mr. 
John E. Green, re-elected in 1882, 1883, 1884, and 1885, being succeded the 
present year by Mr. Harry Weissinger. The officers for the current year are : 
President, Harry Weissinger ; first vice-president, George Gaulbert ; second, 
Wm Cornwall, Jr.; third, John E. Green; fourth, Thomas H. Sherley ; fifth, 
Andrew Cowan; treasurer, J. H. Lindenberger ; superintendent, James F. 
Buckner, Jr.; secretary, H. A. Dudley; secretary of transportation committee, 



56 THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 

A, J. Lafayette ; directors, Charles T. Ballard, Julius Barkhouse, E. H. Bowen, 
J. L. Chilton, George Gaulbert, John E. Green, H, T. Hanford, John L. Helm, 
W. W. Hite, Stephen E. Jones, R. W. Knott, Louis Leib, L. Leonard, John S. 
Long, H. V. Loving, George H. Moore, Arthur Peter, W. T. Rolph, T. H. Sher- 
ley, W. C. Smith, J. L. Smyser, H. VerhoefF, Jr., Harry Weissinger and S. 
Zorn. 

The Board of Trade has proved all and more in operation than its advocates 
claimed for it. By a complete system of securing information on all subjects 
pertaining to the business mterests of the city and the issue of accurate reports 
at stated times the questions of transportation and exchanges have been greatly 
simplified, while the representatives of leading interests have been brought closer 
together and ma^e to feel that the concern of one is the concern of all. Im- 
migration and the investm'ent of capital here" has been encouraged, trade, man- 
ufactures, railroad building, and activity in all departments of business stimu- 
lated, and thousands of buyers and sellers won to this market who formerly 
went elsewhere. 

The diffusion of accurate information and statistics is a special office of the 
board, and letters of inquiry invariably evoke satisfactory replies. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 57 



WhG sSouthGrri Exposition 



The Southern Exposition Company is a cor^ioratiou chartered by the Legis- 
lature. Orjranized Octoher 30, 1882, its affairs are managed by a board of 
directors composed of a president, five vice-presidents, and twenty-five directors. 
The cost of the property owned by the company is as follows : Land, $92,815 ; 
improvements, S2ol, 646.32; operating machinery, $45,041.42; furniture, 
S7, 110.96 ; making a total of $396,613.70. The company has other land antP 
|)roperty under lease and hire, which make the aggregate value of property un- 
der its control and devoted to its use exceed $500,000. 

The exhibitions of the Southern Exposition have been, by far, the largest 
and most important ever held in the world without the aid of Government. 
Financially it has been more successful and has more to show for the expendi- 
ture of its money than any exposition in the world. To-day it has beautiful and 
convenient exposition buildings and grounds, with a main building of fifteen 
acres area, an average interior height of forty feet, and an exhibit space therein 
of 677,400 square feet. The company owns every necessary apj)liance for a 
great exhibition, and in one week's time could be ready for the reception audi 
placing of any number of exhibits. 

No other exposition has ever offered so much to exhibitors at so little cost. 
No charge is made for space, and no exhibit-entry fee is charged. Exhibit 
freight is brought by rail, without transfer, to the doors of the main buildings, 
where, without cost to the exhibitor, it is unloaded and conveyed to the sjiace 
assigned to the exhibitor, and when the goods are unpacked the company car- 
ries away the boxes and cases, stores and protects them, and at the end of the 
exposition delivers them to the exhibitor, and when they are packed conveys 
them to the railroad and loads them on the cars. In addition to this the com- 
pany accommodates its exhibitors by advancing the freight charges on goods 
brought to its doors by rail. The Southern Exposition recognizes the fact that 
the exhibitor is a part of the expo.sition, and does everything in its power to 
contribute to the comfort, pleasure, and profit of all its exhibitors. 

This institution presents itself as independent, self-sustaining and success- 
ful, and it invites exhibits from all parts of the world. 

In 1883 and 1884 the famous militaiy bands of Gilmore and Cappa were 
engaged. In order to diversify the musical entertainment and to meet the. 

5 . 



58 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

earnest demand for both orchestral and military music, Damrosch's orchestra 
and Caj^pa's band we;'e engaged in 1885. 

The orchestral music met with so much success, and the variety thus offered 
was so generally approved, that for 1886 a still bolder venture was made in this 
direction and Damrosch was again engaged, wath his organization augmented in 
force to the full number of his Grand Orchestra, of sixty-two members, from 
the Metropolitan Opera House of New York, and Cappa, with his greatly- 
improved and strengthened military band, was re-engaged. The magnitude of 
such an undertaking as an incidental part of the attractions of a great exposition 
may be inferred from the fact that the Southern Exposition, during its several 
seasons, has devoted the aggregate sum of $107,220 in money for jiayment of 
the musicians of these celebrated musical organizations. At the Southern Ex- 
position of 188G Damrosch, with his full grand orchestra, gives forty-eight con- 
secutive concerts free to every visitor. So valuable is the opportunity thus 
afforded considered by lovers and students of music, resident in Louisville or 
who come for the purpose to reside in Louisville during the period, that hun- 
dreds of persons holding Exposition season tickets never miss a single concert. 
The effect of these long-continued musical treats has been to make Louisville 
the musical center of the West and South, and to give conspicuous importance 
to the Southern Exposition spring musical festivals. 

The Music Hall of the Southern Exposition is one of the most convenient 
and commodious in America. Its acoustic properties are admirable, and at 
night it is brilliantly illuminated by electric lights. 

No large exposition had ever been opened at night until the Southern Ex- 
position inaugurated that feature at its first exhibition in 1883. The attempt at the 
World's Exposition at New Orleans to follow this example was not successful, 
and resulted in hardly more than police light from the electric light systems 
there tried. The Southern Exposition lights up all its grounds and buildings, 
and in brilliancy of light as well as attendance the evening is the most agi'ee- 
able time for seeing the exhibition. Visitors who come in during the day are 
well repaid for waiting to see the gradual unfolding of the hundreds of great 
lights that are turned on as the night approaches. It is a common practice for 
parties to go to the Exposition for this ])urpose, arranging to take their supper 
at one of the places for refreshment in the evening sunlight, and thence pass 
in to the dusk of the building to watch the expansion of the electric light. 

Fourth street is the great retail street of Louisville, and is the most popular 
and fashionable promenade. At the southern end of the customary promenade, 
and in the midst of the most feshionable residence part of the city, are situated 
the Southern Exposition grounds. 

These grounds are accessible by horse-car lines from every part of the city, 
but their convenient location makes it an agreeable walk from the hotels and 
many residences. The Transfer railway, which connects all the many railroads 
coming into Louisville, runs along the south and west sides of the grounds, and 
has a switch running to the south doors of the main building. The company 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



59 



also has a passenger railway station near the west main on trance, so tliat travel- 
ers from any j)()int can be landed at the Exposition entrance. 

The Exi)()sition grounds are less than a mile south of Broadway, i\ud be- 
tween the grounds and Broailway, extending east and west, is almost the entire 
residence territory of the city. The most fashionable quarter of the city is the 
territory adjacent to and extending nyrth several blocks from the Exposition 
grounds. As the electric lights are turned down at night it is no uncommon 
thing to see thousands of persons starting away on foot for an easy walk to their 
homes. Many exhibitors tind homes within a few blocks of the Exposition, and 
seldom make use of the horse-cars. Fifteen or twenty minutes by horse-cars 
takes strangers to the most distant hotels on the most crowded nights. No city 
in America offers more convenient ticccommodations for every kind of visitors 
than Louisville. The hotels have long been celebrated and gave character to the 
town among tourists before Louisville became the important railroad, commer- 
cial and manufacturing center it now is. 








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60 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 




COURIER-JOURNAL BUILDING. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 01 



^H@ PrS 



THE LOUISVILLE COURIER- JOURNAL. 

This fine newspaper — the legitimate offspring of a union of the two ante- 
belhun leaders of Kentucky journalism— has no rival in enterprise and ability 
at the 8outh, Energetic and intelligent management in every dej)artment, 
from the editor's desk through all intervening steps to the press-room, is evident 
to any one who will scrutinize its columns or make the tour of its home. And 
it is magnificently housed indeed. The building, an engraving of which we 
print, gives a fair idea of its outward appearance, but conveys no impression 
of its superbly-arranged interior. It fronts one hundred and sixty-five feet on 
Fourth avenue and eighty-six and one-half feet on Green street, the basement 
extending under the sidewalks, so that while the ground-floor covers an area 
of 14,107 square feet, that of the basement covers 21,000 feet. The edifice is 
five stories high, finished with corner pavilion and mansard roof, and is seventy 
feet from pavement to cornice ; the comb of the roof rising nineteen feet four 
inches higher, and the pavilion railing towering eleven feet above that. A 
life-size statue of the immortal George D. Prentice sits regnant above the cor- 
ner portal, and seems to watch unceasingly, as in life, over the welfare of his 
beloved Louisville, for whom he did so much as a man, a citizen and a jour- 
nalist. 

The Courier-Journal Company, of which Mr. Walter N. Haldeman is pres- 
ident, conferred a real and tangible benefit upon the Falls City in the erection 
of this splendid pile — a benefit which has returned to them in the ever-increas- 
ing popularity of their great newspaper, whose power, influence and ability 
are recognized by men of all parties and all shades of opinion. Mr. Halde- 
man's ability as a writer, politician and man of business is acknowfedged and, 
undeniable, as was evidenced by his successful conduct of the Courier, both 
before and after the war. But the most fortunate of his ventures was the 
securing of the brilliant Henry AVatterson as editor of the Courier-Journal — a 
selection which has not only fully justified Mr. Haldeman's excellent judgment, 
but given to the profession one of its best and most celebrated lights. 

The status of the Courier-Journal is assured. Its past has been a series of 
triumphs, and its future promises a harvest of glories in the service of the 
people. 



62 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVIIJ.E 



THE LOUIS VILT^E COMMERCIAL.. 

A succession of hardships incidental to the establishment of newspapers 
abandoned the Louisville Commercial some time ago, and it is now upon easy 
terms with prosperity, and goes along with the first of the low-priced morning 
journals. Its editor-in-chief, Colonel Robert M. Kelly, began in that capacity 
in its inception, sixteen years ago. Sundry changes in the stockholders and 
in the news working-force have brought about no further change in its policy 
than its conversion, at the beginning of 1883, from an avowed Repul)lican 
paper to a position of independence in politics. At various times Colonel John 
I. Croxton, General John W. Finnell, Judge John M. Harlan, General Eli H. 
Murray and W. S. Wilson took part in its management, and passed out. It 
is now published by the Louisville Press Company, and has a clearly-defined 
policy of publishing everything that is news, takes the reasonable side of public 
measures, and follows principles aggressively; goes into the thickest of the 
fight, and is among the winners when the fight is over. 

John R. DunlajD, i^resident of the Louisville Press Company, is general 
manager of the Commercial. With Colonel Kelly in the editorial rooms are 
Hawthorne Hill, the managing editor; George A. Jones, telegraph and news 
editor; Frank W. Gregory, city editor; S. H. Friedlander, dramatic and mu- 
sical critic, and Oliver J. Cromwell, Will A. Stinchcomb, Will H. Thompson, 
and George L. Willis, reporters. 

THE LOUISVILLE TIMES. 

No newspaper venture in the history of Louisville ever developed into an 
established success with such rapid and unmistakable strides as the Louisville 
Times. It was started on the first day of May, 1884, and the very first num- 
ber bore in itself the signs of certain progress. The editors were Messrs. E. G. 
Logan and E. Polk Johnson, two newspaper men of established reputation, 
and both gifted with brains, character, energy and judgment. 

The primary aim of the Times was to be a newspaper, printing all matter 
which a judicious journalist would admit into the columns of his paper without 
fear of censure or hope of reward other than such encouragement as always 
follows the labors of a high-minded worker. This character the paper has fully 
sustained, and the secure hold it has attained on the public attests the value 
of the course pursued. There were a great many advantages open to the Times 
at its inception, and these have all been seized. It had a clear field to begin 
with. There was no other afternoon paper entering the territory surrounding 
Louisville which contained the Associated Press dispatches. It had the mag- 
nificent facilities aflTorded by the mechanical department of the Courier-Journal, 
and lastly it engaged a first-class corps of employes, who strove in every depart- 
ment to make each issue a model paper. After the first eighteen months Mr. 
Johnson retired to become the managing editor of the Courier-Journal, and 
Mr. Logan became sole editor. Mr. William M. Redman was also succeeded by 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 63 



Mr. John A. Haldeman as business manager. Under the latter's active man- 
agement unij^ual efforts to \niA\ the paper gave it an extraordinary impetus, 
and the Times now has the largest circuhition in the city and Joflbrson county 
of any daily published in Louisville. 

In politics the paper is Democratic, but is neither blinded by prejudice nor 
fettered by associations. It is published daily, Sundays excepted, by the Louis- 
ville Times Company, and, like most of the modern journalistic successes, is 
sold for two cents. 

THE LOUISVILLE EVENING POST. 

The history of the Evening Post has been the history of a struggle ; its 
success has been the success of merit. Previous to its establishment many such 
ventures had been launched and all had been wrecked upon the rocks of bank- 
ruptcy. It was a by-word among the older newspaper men of Louisville that 
no afternoon paper could gain a livelihood from our apathetic public. There 
seemed to be little disposition on the part of the advertisers to patronize an 
evening journal, and probably less desire on the part of the public to read tlie 
news before it was twenty -four hours old. 

In spite of this state of affairs in the spring of 1878 four venturesome 
journalists— R. W. Knott, W. S. Bodley, L. S. Howlett, and E. T. Halsey— 
determined to again make the experiment. Consequently, on the first day of 
May, 1878, tlie Post made its bow to the public. It was a little six-column 
affair, and its editorial page was its only merit. The policy of the pai)er was 
vigorous and antagonistic from the start. Every job, and every sham that 
showed its head was a target for the Post to shoot, at. It made many friends, 
but very few substantial supporters. The people of Louisville were willing 
enough to commend the pugnacious youngsters, but were slow to lend it that 
financial aid so necessary to the support of a newspaper. The Evening Ne^vs, 
which was published under the auspices of George Philip Doern and the Anzei- 
ger Company, was a formidable rival, and the struggle for existence was a 
hard one. The Associated Press dispatches were purchased from the Com ier- 
Journal, but the telegraphic news was not made a feature of the paper. 

In spite of the utmost economy, -Mr. Knott and his companions could not 
make the paper pay its expenses. In order, therefore, to have the field to 
themselves, the owners of the Post purchased the Evening News, and in April, 
1879, the latter was discontinued, and the Evening Post became the " Post and 
News." While this accpiisition naturally increased the subscription list of the 
paper, it did not materially benefit its business prospects. Both ends could not 
be made to meet, and the running expenses of the publication had to be pad 
from the private ])urses of its owners. The situation was decidedly discour- 
aging, and the ultimate failure of the paper was only a question of time. The 
good will of the paper and a few valueless chairs and desks, with a small (juan- 
tity of old and well-worn type, were the entire assets of the corporation. The 
presswork was done at a job printing company's, and it owned neither building 



64 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE. 

nor franchises. In this condition of affairs Messrs. Knott, Bodley & Co. were 
eager to accept the offer made for the paper by Mr. Charles E. Sears and Ed 
F. Madden. They paid $10,000 for the Post in April, 1880, and immediately 
struck the hyphenated name out of existence. The paper then became, and 
has since continued, "The Louisville Post." 

September 2, 1880, a consolidation was formed with the Bowling Green 
Intelligencer, a pretentious tri-weekly journal, that had been started and run 
without financial benefit, by Ex-Lieutenant-Governor John C. I'nderwood. 
Governor Underwood became business manager of the Post, and he brought to 
it a new dress of type, a press, and more or less complete office fixtures. Gov- 
ernor Underwood's stay with the paper was not long, and in the fall of 1881 
he disposed of his stock to Messrs. Sears and Madden. The paper in the 
meantime had been made eight columns, and the expenditure for news had 
been doubled. 

On the 14th of November, however, the pa])er appeared as a two-cent daily. 
It was delivered to subscribers at twelve cents a week, and sold by newsboys 
at two cents a copy. The, effect was instantaneous. The circulation began 
to jump upward with such bounds that even the hopeful owners were dumb- 
founded. In six months the subscrijition list had grown from fifteen hundred 
to seven thousand, and the newsboys' sales had increased from three hundred to 
thirty-five hundred. Advertisers began to awaken to the advantages of the 
paper as a medium, and prices were steadily increased. ^ Instead of the weekly 
deficit, there Avas a handsome balance on the right side of the ledger. The 
fortune of the paper and of its plucky owner — for Mr. Sears was now the sole 
owner — was made. 

Prosperity has made the f)aper more independent and outspoken than ever 
before. On all questions, national, State, or municipal, it takes the most lib- 
eral and advanced position. Democi'atic in politics, it is not a party organ, 
ancl the misdoings of the Democracy are scored as mercilessly as those of the 
Republicans. It believes in the rights of the people against all other consid- 
erations, and advocates the policy of judicious ])rotection against the theory of 
free trade. 

The Post has a capable staff of editors, almost all of whom have grown up 
with the paper since its dark days. Mr. C. E. Sears still owns a controlling 
interest in the company, and is the editor-in-chief of the paper. His assistants 
are William M. Finley, managing editor; Theodoi'e F. Bristol, city editor; 
J. A. Baird, D. W. Baird, H. C. Batts, James E. Cowan, J. A. Beard, and 
Fred Klumpp, reporters. Mr. F. B. Stouffer is the business manager, and Mr. 
William M. Watson the foreman of the composing-room. 

THK LOUISVILLE ANZEIGEK 

Is the only daily i)aper ])ublished in the German language in the city of Louis- 
ville and south of the ( )liio river. It has, besides its large daily edition, a wide- 
spread circulation in its semi-weekly, weekly and Sunday issues. The Anzeiger 



AXD OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



65 



was origiually published in 1849 by Messrs. Doern & Schaefer, the latter some 
years afterward retiring, when Mr. (leorge P. Doern became sole proprietor of 
the paper and coutinued so until the fall of 1877, when he sold the business to 
a stock company, who are now the owners of the Anzeiger, with the following 
officers: ^1. Borntraeger, president; George S. Schuhmann, treasurer, and 
Henry S. ("olm, secretary. Its circulation extends throughout the States of 
Iveutucky, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, (Jeorgia, Alabama, Mississippi and 
Arkansas. The Anzeiger is the official advertising medium of all the depart- 
ments of the United States Government, as also of the State of Kentucky and 
the city of Louisville. By publishing the Associated Press dispatches and giv- 
ing due attention to all local affairs of general interest, the Anzeiger ranks 
among the best daily newsj)apers of the country, while special correspondence, 
well-selected miscellaneous matter, and an abundance of European news make 
it a newspaper of special interest to the Germans everywhere. The market re- 
ports are a special feature of the Anzeiger, making this department one wt 
special value to business men as well as to farmers or owners and traders in live 
stock. A glance at the Anzeiger shows that the most })rominent business 
houses not only of Louisville, but also in many other parts of the country, 
recognize tlie value of the ])ai)er. 

THE SUNDAY ARGUS. 

In the spring of 1876 three young men who had been thrown out of em- 
ployment by the suspension of the paper on which they were engaged conceived 
an idea which soon materialized in the publication, on the 21st day of May of 
that year, of the first number of the Sunday Argus. The paper was started 
without capital, the firm of Lowe ct Stanley doing the typographical and press 
work by contract. The names of the projectors were Ottman H. Rothacker, 
William H. Gardner, and Thomas D. Osborne. The first was editor, the 
second a-ssociate and city editor, and the last-named business manager. At the 
end of four or five weeks, seeing that there was not much business to manage, 
Mr. Osl^orne was about to effect a combination with another pai)er, to which 
the others objected, and he sold his interest to Lowe A: Stanley, the latter be- 
coming business manager. At the expira,tion of about a year Lowe & Sttinley 
disposed of their interest to ^Ir. Isaac Diukelspiel, who in turn became busi- 
ness manager. 'Slv. Rothacker, who had received numerous otters from various 
papers, finally decided to accept one from the Denver Tribune, and sold his in- 
terest in the Argus, now well establi.shed on a paying basis, to Gardner i^: Diu- 
kelspiel. Gardner was at the time iu delicate health, and decided to try New 
Mexico, hoping to recover. He went, but returned a corpse, having died at 
Socorro, New Mexico. Mr. Diukelspiel then purchased from Mrs. Gardner 
her husband's interest, and the paper remained in his hands. He also pur- 
chased the entire printing establishment of Lowe ct Stanley, thus giving the 
Argus its own plant. Under his management the paper prospered, new ma- 
chinery was put in, new outfit bought, and the concern boomed. 



66 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



In 1883 Mr. Edward F. Madden purchased a half interest, Mr. Dinkelspiel 
going to the Commercial and Captain D. F. C. Weller assuming the manage- 
ment. Mr. Madden, at the end of about eight months, sold — or, rather, the 
Argus Company sold — to Mr. George Baber and Mr. JNf. J. Burke the entire 
stock, conditionally. The views of these gentlemen not being the same, Mr. 
Burke sold out his shares, Mr. Baber assuming entire control. Not being sat- 
isfied Avith his management, the company in 1884 (October) deposed Mr. Bal)er,, 
got out an injunction against him, and placed Captain Weller in charge, which 
position he held until the sale of the entire concern to Messrs. Smith & Tracie, 
February, 1885. Captain Tracie in turn sold his interest, after editing the- 
paper for about eight months, to Mr. James B. Camp, Mr. Smith being business 
manager. Later, Mr. Charles Francis purchased an interest, and the paper at 
this date is in the hands of the Argus Printing and Publishing Company, is 
doing a good business, and has a large and rapidly-increasing subscription list,, 
the result of ten years of faithful work by most of those whose names have been 
mentioned in this sketch. 

Among those who have contributed to its columns may be mentioned O. II. 
Kothacker, now of the Washington Hatchet; W. H. Gardner, now dead; 
Isaac Dinkelspiel, late of the Louisville Commercial; Marc Klaw, one of the 
best and most successful theatrical managers on the road ; Ben H. Ridgely,. 
now connected with Truth; Colonel E. Polk Johnson, at present managing 
editor of the Courier-Journal; E. E. Ryan, Bohemian; Theodore C. Tracie,, 
now with a Avholesale whisky house ; George Baber, clerk in AVashingtou ; 
Michael J. Burke, with the O. & M. railway; E. F. Madden, correspondent 
for several papers ; D. F. C. Weller, general writer, who is still with the com- 
pany, besides a number of others whose connection was but temporary. 

THE CHKISTIAN OBSERVER. 

To Louisville belongs the honor of issuing the oldest religious newspaper in 
the world. Religious tracts and books, and magazines containing essays on 
religious subjects, were published from the time that printing was invented, but 
the idea of a weekly newspaper, devoted to religious matters, dates from the 
year 1813. On the 4th day of September, 1813, the first number of the Re- 
ligious Remembrancer saw the light in the city of Philadel2)hia. It was the 
first religious newspaper ever issued. The next year, in the spring of 1814,. 
another paper modeled after it, the Recorder, was started in Chillicpthe, Ohio. 
A little later, the Boston Recorder appeared ; two or three years later, the New 
York Obsei'ver, and since then hundreds upon hundreds of religious papers 
have been started. 

The Religious Remembrancer, the patriarch of them all, passed into the 
hands of the late Rev. Dr. S. Converse in 1839. He changed the name ta 
the Christian Observer, and continued to edit and publish it until his death, in 
1872. He removed it to this city in 1869, where it has commanded the respect 
and confidence of the public, and especially of Presbyterians, to an extent 



ilXD OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 67 



unprecedented in the history of Presbyterian newspapers in the South. Since 
his death it has been couducted by his sons, the Rev. F. B. Converse aud Rev. 
T. E. Converse, and has continued to grow steadily in popular ftivor, until no 
other religious paper in Kentucky, and only one other in the entire South, has 
80 large a circulation. It is the leading paper of the Southern Presbyterian 
church, and is taken iu nearly all the congregations in that branch of the 
church. As a live religious paper, ably edited, ])r()mi)t in obtaining and fur- 
nishing religious news, with a large corps of wide-awake cc^itributors, who 
make it especially attractive as a family religious newspaper, it is an institution 
highly creditable to the city of Louisville. 

THE CENTRAL CATHOLIC ADVOCATE. 

This carefully-edited and conservatively-conducted weekly was established 
in 1869, in the interest of the Catholics of Kentucky. The publisher is Mr. 
L. H. Bell, No. 608 West Market. The Advocate has a general circulation, 
and much influence among the Catholic reading public of Kentucky, Indiana, 
and the Southern States. 

WESTEItX RECORDEIl.' 

The official organ of the Baptist denomination of the Christian religion, a 
six-column folio, eight-page sheet, published weekly ; circulation 7,000, princi- 
pally in Kentucky and the South. It was established in 1825, and is at present, 
and has for fifteen years past, been edited by Rev. A. C. Caperton, D.D., a 
gentleman of high literary attainments aud spotless integrity. 

THE LOUISVILLE DEMOCRAT. 

The Louisville Democrat was established some sixteen years ago by W. H. 
Munnell, who still owns and edits it. The paper is a straight-out Jeffersonian 
advocate, and a welcome visitor in the best homes of the South, because of its 
purity of tone and unswerving devotion to principle. The circulation is stated 
to be 5,000. Oftice, No. 331 Fifth street. 

HO>lE AND FA KM. 

This agricultural journal was established some ten years ago by B. F. Avery 
& Sons, large plow manufacturers. The first purpose was simply to issue a 
circular at stated times which would bring a knowledge of their agricultural 
implements into more general notice. With this idea, this circular was made 
to include extracts from leading agricultural journals, and sometimes original 
matter. The demand for it was large, and grew constantly, and, as a result, 
they determined to enlai-ge it and change its character very materially. AVith 
this purpose they organized a regular agricultural journal, [)utting the sub- 
scription price at fifty cents a year. Year by year the demand for it increased, 
and the publishers were liberal in their expenditures. To-day, it has a corps 
of contributors that is not surpassed by that of any agricultural journal iu the 



68 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

country, including writers on agriculture from all sections of the South and 
West, each writer having special features of the situation to discuss from time 
to time. 

The circulation of this journal is remarkable. It goes into every one of the 
Southern States, and largely throughout the North and AVest. For years the 
average circulation has been over 100,000, and varies from that to 110,000, 
according to the times. 

* THE SOUTHKKN BIAOUAC. 

The Southern Bivouac was originally published by the Southern Historical 
Society, with the purpose of gathering together the records relating to the 
movements of the Southern armies. It met with considerable local support ; 
still, it was found impossible to put it upon a permanent foundation. In the 
spring of 1885, B. F. Avery & Sons, publishers of Home and Farm, purchased 
the magazine from Messrs. McDonald Brothers, who had had charge of it for 
several years, and placed it under the editorial management of General Basil 
W. Duke and Eichard AV. Knott. AVith a change of management came also 
a change in the character of the magazine, and, in addition to war papers, 
great attention has lieen given to literary matters, and to the illustration of the 
development of Southern industries. It has been conducted with great liberal- 
ity, and has already reached general popularity North as well as South, the 
circulation increasing from 1,500 to 15,000, and the outlook for the magazine 
is now of a most encouraging character. Indeed, it seems very well settled 
that the time has come when the South can and will support a magazine con- 
ducted upon the same principles as those of the East. 

THE FARMERS' HOME JOTJRI^AL. 

This well-known agricultural paper was established in 18(i5, at Lexington, 
Ky. Under the management of Colonel ]\Iiller, its founder, the paper gained 
a firm footing, not only in the Bluegrass region, but all over the West. 

In 1875 it was thought best to remove the paper to Louisville, where its 
field of usefulness could be further extended. 

Here it successfully passed through the disastrous times which followed its 
removal, and has gained in circulation and infiuence, year by year, until it is 
now one of the most i)rosperous papers of its kind in the country. 

The Farmers' Home Journal is representative of the great live-stock, grain, 
grass, and tobacco interests of the Oliio valley. It is the organ of the leading 
agriculturists, horticulturists and gardeners. 

Its field is Kentucky, Tennessee, Southern Indiana, Southern Illinois and 
Northern Alabama, in which it asserts a claim to circulation above all others of 
its class. 

It is an eight-page journal, carefully edited and neatly printed, with a cir- 
culation of 12,000 and on the increase. 

Ion B, Nail is editor and M. W. Neal Imsiness manager, and tlie office is 
at No. 508 West Main street. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 09 



Our iLiLiOSTR/^VIDDS. 



The"engraving!< in the preceding and following pages illustrate all, or nearly 
all, "of the principal public buildings of Louisville, Ky., and New Albany, 
Ind. Among them will be noted the classic Christian Church, the beautiful 
Masonic Widows' and Orphans' Home, and the splendid Jewish temple, Adas 
Israel, the stone employed in all of which, as well as in the City Hall and many 
oth^' fine buildings, is from the quarries of the Salem Stone and Lime Com- 
pany, Washington county, Indiana; office, No. .")()1 ]\rain street, Louisville. 



70 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILIE 




BAMBERGER, BLOOM &, CO. (See opposite page.) 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 71 



KGprsssntatii/^ Houses. 



BRIEF MENTION OF LOUISVILLE'S LEADING MERCHANTS, 
MANUFACTURERS AND FINANCIERS. 



It has been our earnest endeavor in compiling this work to make ai)i)roj)riate 
mention and commendation of all important, novel, and beneficent industrial, 
commercial and financial enterprises, and of their originators and prosecutors, 
whose energy, pluck and capital have aided in building up the interests of the 
Falls City. We have specially guarded against unfair discrimination or bias, 
and, so far as we are concerned, the work has been performed as thoroughly as 
circumstances would permit. If any concern of considerable note has been 
overlooked the fault lies in our inability to secure reliable data. 

We feel that Ave can commend every business establishment named in these 
pages to the citizens of Louisville and to the people, buyers and consumers, of 
the vast territory West, South and South-west, of Avhich Louisville is the 
natural base of supplies. Liberal, enterprising and of sterling character, they 
are worthy of all confidence. 

BAMBERGER, BLOOM & CO. 



Wholesale Dry Goods. Notions, Furnishing and Fancy Goods, Etc., Nos. 644, 646, 648, and 650 West Main 
Street, and 215 and 217 Seventh Street, Louisville— Nos. 115 and 117 Worth Street, New York. 



Any historical sketch or review of the commercial interests of Louisville would be 
incomplete without prominent mention of the firm of Bamberger, Bloom <& Co., who, 
since 1802, have occupied a very important and influential relation in respect to the dcvcl- 
opqient of the wholesale trade of the South. Founded in the early period mentioned by 
the late E. Bamberger and his brother-in-law, Nathan Bloom — the head of the present 
house — the business was conducted under the firm name of E. Bamberger & Co. until 
1865. when the younger partners were admitted and the style of the firm changed to 
Bamberger, Bloom & Co., as at present. 

From its earliest establishment in the wholesale dry goods business the firm acquired a 
reputation for upright dealing that formed a valuable as.set in its subsequent honorable 
career. Originally limited in its sphere of operations to this State and the more contigu- 
ous portions of Indiana, tlic enterprise of the house was such that its trade continuously 
increased and extended until now it practically comprehends the entire South-west, and is 
especially large in Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkan- 
sas, Georgia and Texas. This uninterrupted success and growth of the firm, ultimately 



72 • THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



making the house the largest of the kind south of the Ohio river, bears testimony to the 
sagacity, enterprise, energy, vigor and practical experience ol the senior of the firm, Mr.. 
Nathan Bloom, and like qualities in his partners. 

In 1872 the increase of the business necessitated the erection of the colossal build- 
ing on Main and Seventh streets now occupied by the firm and illustrated on page 70. 
It permits the carrying of a verj' large and varied stock, but the firm also maintains 
a house in New York city, at Nos 115 and 117 Worth street, in charge of partners 
resident in the metropolis. The house is a large direct importer of foreiijn linen goods, 
white goods, fancy goods, etc., and in its domestic lines handles the entire product of 
several cotton and woolen mills. 

Mr. E. Bamberger, the associate founder of the house, having died some years since, 
Mr. Nathan Bloom has long been the acknowledged head of the firm. He has, through 
his business exertions, amassed large wealth, and is a gentleman of high standing in the 
commercial world. Always public-spirited and willing to promote the intere.sts of public 
works, he has been connected with many of the latter, and is at present h director of the 
Louisville Gas Company and also a member of the directories of the Falls City Bank, the 
Falls City Insurance Company, the Franklin Insurance Company, the Fidelity Trust 
Company, and other enteiprises honored in utilizing his exceptional qualities as a financier. 
His son Levi, having passed his life in acquiring a knowledge of the business, is also a 
member of the firm. His other partners are Levi Bamberger, son of the founder. J. F. 
Bamberger, who, with Levi, resides in New York, and manages the interests of the firm 
there, and Julius Bamberger, who has grown up in the Louisville house and was admitted 
to partnership in 1873. 

The Louisville house has about one hundred and twenty-five employes in its several 
departments to share the burdens of the large and jierpetually-increasing business. 



THE WESTERN CEMENT ASSOCIATION. 



Representing the Hulme Mills, Speed Mills, Queen City Mills i Star Brand) : Falls City Mills (Anchor Brand i ; Black 
Diamond [RiverJ MilU iDiamond Brand > : Black Diamond tRailroadI Mills {Diamond Brand i; Silver Creek 
Mills (Acorn Brand), and Ohio Valley Mills iFern Leat Brand; — Office, Norih-east corner Third and Main 
Streets. 



The history of the discovery, first utilization and development of the vast cement de- 
posits around the falls of the Ohio makes a most interesting chapter in the annals of 
"Western industry. In the year 1829 John Hulme & Co. began the manufacture of the 
first cement produced in the West at a small suburb of Louisville called Shippingport. 
The locks of the old Louisville and Portland canal were then being constructed, and most 
of the product of this mill was used in that work. So satisfactory were the results that a 
further demand for the cement was made in the improvements made by the State of Ken- 
tucky on the Green, Barren and Kentucky rivers, and from that time until the present 
the demand has continued to grow steadily and rapidly, not only for the building of walls 
and vaults subjected to the deleterious action of water, but in the construction of the 
strongest and most pretentious hotels, warehouses, bridge piers, government buildings, 
etc., throughout the country. For building purposes, whether under water or on dry 
land, Louisville cement has stood all tests in the most satisfactory manner, and for gen- 
eral use has proven vastly cheaper, more durable, and more convenient to obtain than any 
other cement in the market. As an example of the lasting qualities of this Western prod- 
uct and its power of resisting the elements, it may be stated that when, a few years ago, 
it became necessary in the operations incident to the enlargement of the Louisville and 
Portland canal to remove portions of the old walls, they were found intact, the stones 
firmly bound together as when first laid, and the cement firmer and more substantial than 
the stone itself. Volumes of mere words, of theoretical deductions, would convey no such 
convincing argument of the value of this cement as the simple fact that for more than 
forty years, under the most trying conditions, this superb material maintained its integ- 
rity un in -paired. 

As above intimated, Louisville cement has no rival in point of accessibility, cheapness, 
and general excellence as a practically indestructible building material. The capacity of 
the mills has always been largely in excess of the demands of trade. The warehouses of 
the mills are ample, and the facilities for prompt shipment and the handling of large or- 
ders unsurpassed. Two of the mills are in Kentucky, with facilities for shipping both by 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 73 

rail anJ water. Five are on the litieof the Jeffersonville, Madison & Iiidianupuiis railroad 
within frotn ten to tiftCv^-ii miles of Louisviilf^, and another is conveniently located on the 
Ohio & Mississippi railroad within twelve miles of the city. 

^,For all subterraneous works, as vaults, oelhirs, ci-terns, sewers, concrete pavements, 
itreet foundations, and other purposes requiring great strength and impermeability to 
moisture, hiuI combining all properties of excellence with readiness of access, Louisville 
cement is beyond all question the best material in use, while, owing to its perfect non-con- 
ductive qualities, it is unrivaled as a tilling for tire-proof safes and walls. In this latter 
phase its claims to supereminence are so generally recognized that all the leading safe 
manufacturers and builders ot bank vaults employ it exclusively in their work. 

Of the more prominent structures erected of late years in which Louisville cement has 
been largely employed, both below and above ground, submerged in water or binding to- 
gether the bricks and stones that form the superstructures, may be mentioned the Ohio 
suspension bridge at Cincinnati; the Ohio Falls railrofid b idge; the Chicago water-works 
tunnel; the St. Louis bridge, all the bridges crossing the Mississippi above St. Louis; the 
Yazoo river railroad bridge; the various bridges throughout the Western and South-west- 
ern States; Shillito's great Cincinn«ti dry-goods store; the Indiana State-house; Cin- 
cinnati, Louisville, Memphis, New Orleans, St. Loms, and Chicago custom-houses; the 
Farwell block, Chicago; all of the mills and water-way construction at Minneapolis and 
St. Paul, and thousands of t)ther examp es, in every one of which the expectations of the 
builders have been fully met and unstinted praise bestowed upon this peerless cement. It 
is unqualitiedly indorsed by all the leading engineers, architects, and other experts of the 
country, both private and government, without a dissenting voice, and may be unhesitat- 
ingly accepted as superior in every respect to any other obtainable cement. 

As an indication of its growing popularity it may be stated here that the sales have 
inf^reased from 3'20,luO barrels in 1870 to over 1,000,000 in 1885, all of which was em- 
ployed in the construction of important public or private buildings, bridges, and other 
improvements. 

The Western Cement Association of this city, office corner Main and Third streets, 
are general selling agents for the principal manufacturers on both sides of the river, and 
will promptly respond to orders or requests for information. The association is composed 
of active, enterprising men, and is thoroughly responsible. 



MOORE, BREMAKER & CO., 



Wholesale Grocers, Nos. 723 and 725 West Main Street. 



This house was established under its present and time-honored firm name in 1861, and 
during its career of a quarter of a century of business usefulness it has steadily progressed 
in commercial magnitude until its volume of trade already considerably exceeds $1,000,000 
a year, and is constantly increasing, and it supplies, with its superior wares, a large area 
of country covering the Slates of Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee, and portions of Illinois. 

Located in the principal wholesale business district of Louisville, the premises of the 
firm form a center of commercial activity at once attractive and commodious. The build- 
ing is five stories in height, 3'2x210 feet, and contains the largest and most varied stock 
of goods adapted to the wholesale and jobbing grocery trade to be found south of the 
Ohio river. 

The experience and extensive business connections of the house are such as to com- 
mend it to the favor of dealers in the interior as enabled to oflTer trade advantages equaled 
by few and excelled by no establishment in the South-west. Twenty-four experienced 
employes, including traveling salesmen, are attached to the house, and in its several depart- 
ments are experts. 

Of the firm, whose business sagacity, enterprise and honorable dealing have given the 
house its commanding position in the commercial marts of the country, it need only be 
said that the personnel is John T. Moore, C. Bremaker, D. E. Stark, B. M. Creel and J. J. 
Hayes. The senior member, Mr. Moore, is president of the Falls City Bank, and chief ex- 
ecutive also of the J W. Butler Paper Company, of Chicago He has also large cattle 
interests, and in this industry Mr. Breniaker, of the firm, also shares. Mr. B. is also presi- 
dent of the Bremaker-Moore Paper Company, and a director in the Bank of Louisville. 
The other partners are also public-spirited, and identitied with the progress of Louisville 
toward her present commanding position of commercial importance. 

6 



74 



THE INDUSTRfES OF LOUISVILLE 




J. G. MATTIXaLY & S OXS-ESTABLISHEl) 184:5-(SUCCESS. 
OKS TO J. G. MATTIN(?L.Y & BRO.), 



Distillers; Sole Manufacturers of the Celebrated Brands of Mattingly Whiskies. Distillery on High Avenue, 
Portland— Office, No. 205 West Main Street. 



No name in the world has attained greater and wider celebrity, in connection with 
the production of fine whiskie,«, than " Matiinglj'," a name everywhere accepted as a 
trade-mark attesting the purity and superiority of the goods; and for more than fifty 
years this favor and pre-eminence has been maintained and recognized throughout the 
commercial world. 

Established in 1845, by J. G. Mattingly, senior of the present firm, the founder was 
subsequently joined in the then small enterprise by his brother, Mr. B. F. Mattingly, 
who, however, in 1878, sold out his interest in the concern, receiving a large bonus for 
the already famous brand of the house, the use of which now vests solely in the present 
firm, composed of the honored founder and his sons, who, having been brought up in the 
business and acquired knowledge in every detail, were admitted to partnership. 

The inventive genius of the senior found practical expression in a device in the form 
of the elongated, boiler-shaped copper sti 1, and minor iniprovements, now adopted and 
used by all the larger distilleries in the country ; but not so with the formula for the mix- 
ing of grain, discovered by the Mattinglys. That remains a secret with the firm, one of 
the sons being the distiller in person, and to that exclusive knowledge is ascribed the uni- 
versally-conceded superiority ot the Mattingly whi-ky. 

It is interesting to trace the history and development and growth of this distillery. 
"When founded, in Marion county, Ky., the industry had a productive capacity of half a 
barrel per day; now the distillery has a capacity of two thousand bushels of grain, and 
can turn out two hundred barrels daily. But, seeing the fruits of the late over-production 
ill this, one of Kentucky's leading industries, they are wisely restricting their product to 
a very conservative basis, in face of Government records showing that a larger amount of 
this brand has been used than any other in the State. 

The first removal of the establishment was in 1860, and to this city, or near it rather, 
on Beargrass creek. In 1867 the distillery was at Oakland, and, in 1874, the present 
establishment was erected on High avenue, Portland, and is rightly considered, in 
mechanical perfection and completeness, as well as in size, one of the best in the country, 
having every advantage attainable. 

The product of the colossal establishment is not confined in its sale to any locality or 
section; it goes everywhere. The special brand, which, for over forty years, has been 
before the public, is the recognized standard of Kentucky whisky. 

This firm, that has withstood the business vicissitudes of the past forty years — failures 
of crops, panics, and tlie unjust, arbitrary rulings of the Internal Kevenue Department 
(which read more like romance than like business), etc. — is by no means at a standstill, 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



75 



ever ready and on the alert to further tlieir interest in any legitimate way. Mr. Ben- 
net D. -Mattins^ly, the junior head ol the tirm, although yet among the young business 
men ol Loui-ville, is Pref^ident of the Kentucky Public Elevator Company, an institution 
the outgrowth of the \irgely-increasing interest in their line. It being absolutely neces- 
sary to get the very best of grain the country affords, it gave rise to that enterprise, an 
illustration of which can be seen on another page of this work. 



TBE MERCHANTS NATIONAL BANK OF LOUISVILLE. 



J. H. Lindenberger, President; W. George Anderson, Vice-President; William R. Johnson, Cashier— No. 606 

West Main Street. 



For more than a quarter of a century this bank has occupied 
a commanding jxisition in respect to the monetary interests of 

Ji M^j^^^^^^g' Louisville, and exercised large influence in regard to the trade 

I ^Sta ^^S^ ^'iid commerce of this section. 

Organized under the title of the Merchants Bank of Ken- 
tucky, in 18(10 by several of the leading capitalists and business 
men of the city, it early took rank anumg the leading banking 
institutions south of the Ohio river. Its first president was Mr. 
H. C. Caruth, still a member of the directory, and its first 
cashier was Mr. J. H. Lindenberger, who since July 1, 1881, 
has been the executive head of the institution. In 1874 the 
bank organized under the act of Congress authorizing and gov- 
erning National banics, and became the Merchants National 
Bank of Louisville. The original officers continued their lunc- 
tions, and the capital, which had been reduced under the opera- 
tion of a legislative enactment while the bank was yet a fcJtate 
institution, was restored to tSOO.dOO. 

Meantime, a permanent location being deemed desirable, the 
bank, in 1865, had purchased a location in the center of the 
wholesale business district and erected the commodious and con- 
venient structure at No. 506 West Main street, shown in the 
accompanying illustration. Conducting a general deposit, dis- 
count, and exchange business, the Merchants National also 
gives special attention to commercial collections on this city, 
and, by reason of its prompt collections and remittance of the 
.'smie, receives many drafts from metropolitan and interior 
binks throughout the South and West. A most sagacious and 
profitable method of increasing the available capital here was devised by the management 
in eneouraging the accounts of correspondents to this city. So the individual and general 
ledger accounts of the Merchants are very numerous, and make exhibit of current bal- 
ances very satisfactory in amount. 

Tiie corresponding banks of the Merchants, in all the leading trade centers of the 
country, are carefully selected, and in this behalf it may be mentioned that its principal 
New Yoik correspondent is the Bank of America, and its reserve agents, under the Na- 
tional Bank act, are the Mercantile National and the United States National banks. 

Always reeognized as liberal in promoting enterprises tending to aid and develop the 
industrial and commercial interests of the city, the management of the bank has largely 
been in the interest of manufacturers and of the mercantile class, and its principal depos- 
itors, as well as its directors and stockholders, are chiefly identified with the business 
interests of the city. There is little glitter in the conduct of the Merchants, but there 
is, what is much better, prudent management, based upon solid, substantial wealth. It is 
this conservatism, and its logical sequence, success, that makes the shares of the bank, of 
par value «l()(t.OO, now worth $139.00 

The publishers of this work, who, in the conduct of their business, have had banking 
relations with the fiduciary institutions in all the leading trade centers of this country, 
feel themselves able to say that none liave proven more satisfactory in dealings than the 
Merchants National of Louisville, and in none have been found more capable, energetic, 
and accommodating executive ofl5cers and clerical attaches. The fiscal condition of the 
bank at date of its last ofl5cial report to the comptroller of the currency, December 24, 




76 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

1885, was a very satisfactory exhibit; and its condition on February 18th, after closing the 
business ot the past year, and paying a four-per-cent. semi-annual dividend to stockhold- 
ers, appears as follows: 

Kesources — Notes and bills discounted, $1,274,079.04; overdraft loans by agreement, 
$3,810.92; United States four-and-a-half-per-cent. bonds, par value, $50,0(i0.00; other stocks 
and bonds, 129,129.25; merchandise, $40,908.69; real estate for banking house, $40,000.00; 
real estate fur debt, $12,811.59; furniture and fi.vtures, $3 544.60; exj enses and taxes paid, 
$2,152.64; premiums paid, $8,000.00; due from approved reserve agents, $109,932.39; due 
from other National and State banks, >88,504.79; due from United States Treasury redemp- 
tion fund, $2,247.50; cash, $128,858.19; total, $1,788,479.60. Liabilities— Capi'tal stock, 
$500,000.00; surplus fund, $145,000.00; undivided profits, $16,744.08; circulation, §44,- 
950.00; deposits, $1,081,785.52; total, $1,788,479.60. 

From this it is showji that its surplus and undivided profits on February 1st amounted 
to $161,744.08. 

At the last annual election the following directors were chosen for the ensuing year: 
J. H. Linden herger, W. George Anderson, John M. Robinson, P. H. Tapp, George W. 
Wicks, W. A. Davis, John J. Harbison, John C. Russell, H. C. Caruth. Of the executive 
officers, something should be said to indicate their experience in and knowledge of fiscal 
affairs and trusts. Pre.-ident J. H. Lindenberg< r, upon whom the managenjent chiefly 
depends, is recognized in the business community as of great soundness, carefulness and 
maturity of juduiment; and the satisfactory manner in which he executes the chief exec- 
utive trust vested in him is manife!^t in the condition of the bank, and in his unanimous 
re-election to the presidency, year after year. A native of Baltimore, Md., he has resided 
in Louisville forty-seven years, and no man in the community is better known or more 
highly esteemed. Other enterprises have claimed a share of his public spirit and financial 
skill. He is vice-president and director of the Southern Mutunl Life Insurance Company, 
direct )r of the Louisville & Nashville railroad and of the Fidelity Trust Company; vice- 
president and director of the S(.)uthern Expt)sition, the inauguration t)f which grand 
enterprise he largely aided; a member of the board of trustees and treasurer of the John 
N. Norton Memorial Infirmary, and treasurer ot the Louisville Board of Trade. 

Vice-Pre>ident W. George Anderson is the son of Thomas Anderson, an old a^d highly- 
esteemed citizen of Louisville, and is himself a successful auction and commission mer- 
chant. 

Cashier William R. Johnson was — as used to be said of Cashier Worth, of the National 
Park Bank, New York — "bred to the business." He entered the Merchaiits as messenger 
and colleciion clerk in 1862, and passed through all gradt-s of promotion up to his present 
rank, becoming assistant cashier in 1874, and cashier in July, 1881. 



W. C. PRIEST & CO., 



Real Estate and House Agents, No. 207 Fifth Street, near Main. 

Transactions in real estate are necessarily very numerous, as are also the rentings ot 
houses, in a growing city like Loiusville, and such transfers, collections, etc., are best at- 
tended to by men who make a business of it and are consequently better posted in the 
matters of values, desirable tenants, and other important points than owners usually 
can be. 

The real-estate and house-renting agency of W. C. Priest & Co., No. 207 Fifth street, 
near Main, is the principal office of the kind in the city, arid is prepared to undertakebus- 
iness in its line on the most reasonable terms and guarantee satisfaction in all cases. 

Mr. Priest established this agency in 1869. and has been a very successful man, popular 
and respected in all circles, business and social. He is a director of the Southern Mutual 
Life Insurance Company, of the Merchants' Insurance Company, and of the Louisville 
Safety Vault and Trust Company ; also, a prominent officer and promoter of the Southern 
Exposition, and an enterprising, public-spirited citizen, devoted to the advancement of 
Louisville's material interests. His partner, Mr J. T. Frazier, is also an energetic, ac- 
tive and capable as well as an experienced real-H.*tatt' num. 

The firm, organized in 1882, gives special attention to the purchase and sale of real 
estate in the cities around the falls, to the selling and care of jirivate estates, and to the 
renting of houses and lands, and making collections therefor Business committed to 
their hands will be carefully, faithfully and promptly attended to. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



77 



THE GALT HOUSE. 



Largest and Finest Hotel in tlie City— The New Gait House Company, Proprietors: A. L. Schmidt. President 
A. R. Cooper, Secretary and Treasurer and Manager. 




The Gait House, as a work of architt'ctiire, is tlie niobt notable, costlj', and elegant 
building in the cit}'. Other cities can boast of larger and more sho.wy hotels, but no hotel 
has yet been built that surpasses the Gait House, if there are any that equal it, as an ex- 
ample of pure classic taste and noble beauty of style. The building does great honor to 
its ai'chitect, Mr. Henry Whitestone, whose rare and high abilities in his art are further 
attested by a number of other buildings in the city which attract the attention and are 
much admired on account of the simplicity and imposing elegance of their stj'le, and of 
the substantial and permanent fashit)n in which they are built. 

As a hotel, the Gait House is almost too widely and favorably known to require com- 
mendation. For the space of more than two generations it has been celebrated as one of 
the liest hotels in the West, and, though other cities have vastly outgrown Louisville in 
size and wealth since the Gait House tirst became famous, the hotel has kept its place in 
the front ranks of the business. 

The first Gait House was destroyed by fire in January, 1865. The present building, 
which is a much finer structure, was completed and opened in 18U7, at a cojt of about 
$1,100,000. 

Tlio house is operated by a stock company, is doing a prosperous and increasing busi- 
ness, and every etfort is made to maintain it as a ciedit to the city, and to keep the good 
will and receive the commendations of its numerous ])atrons. 



THE GER]>IAN SECURITY IXSURA>CE COMPANY. 



John H. Detchen, President; J. S. Barret, Secretary.— Maritet Street, North-East Corner Preston. 



The obligation to insure, and the good policy of insuring, being no longer debatable, 
the only question remaining to determine is where to insure. All other things being 
equal, it is certainly good policy in underwriting to select a home company, managed by 
officers of acknowledged ability and e.\perience, and which possesses all the merits of the 



78 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

soundest and most successful foreign companies,' with the added advantage of beinj; oper- 
ated "by officers known to the policy-holder as of skill and integrity in underwritiiii,', and 
having a familiarity with the locality that enables them to be especially cautious in the 
selection of risks. 

Such qualifications, added to a successful career in underwriting, are possessed in an 
eminent degree by the German Security Insurance Company, a resident corporation, 
organized in 1872, with a capital of $100,000, and having for its executive officers and 
directors the same gentlemen who have successfully conducted the affairs of the German 
Security Bank, as fully noted below. 

The affairs of the company are so managed and conducted as to emphasize the solid 
business principles of strict integrity, economy, and the soundest discretion. The under- 
writing is strictly confined to the city, and this method enables a personal inspection, in 
all cases, of the premises insured before the policy issues. Thus carefully selected, the 
risks are of a preferred character in their nature, and the percentage of losses by fire is 
comparatively light. In the adjustment and payment of these the company has achieved 
a deservedly high reputation for equity and promptness. The aggregate amount of risks 
at present held by the companv is -Si, 471,000; and so successfully has the business heen 
conducted tliat, after paying dividends and accrued losses, the corporation has a surplus 
of $46,842. This is in the highest degree ci*editable to President Detchen, Secretary Barret, 
and the directors of the company. 



THE GERMAN^ SECURITY BANK. 



John H. Delchen, President; J. S. Barret, Cashier.— Market Street, North-East Corner Preston. 



This fiduciary institution, which bears an honored name, and itself honors that name, 
was establislied in 1807, and during its career of usefulness to the commercial community, 
covering a period of nearly twenty years, has always been under the management of its 
present efficient executive officers. President John H. Detchen and Csishier J. S. Barret. 

Originally organized as a savinsrs institution, with a capital stock of $100,000, that 
sum was increased, in 18G9, to $179,000, its present figure, and the bank has become rather 
a commercial than a savings bank in the general acceptation of the term, no longer ])ay- 
ing interest upon deposits, save when remaining a definite term and under other restric- 
tions. The bank has made something of a specialty of dealings large in number and in 
the aggregate, rather than fewer individual transactions of perhaps larger bulk and vol- 
ume respectively, and this would, also, seem to substantiate the claim that the German 
Security has probably a larger list of individual depositors than any bank in the city. 

Included in the enterprising and successful methods of the management has been the 
extending of financial support to industrial and commercial enterprises where needed. 
Thus the bank, in the past, has made a practice of advancing reasonable sums upon the 
paper of the smaller class of dealers and manufacturers, and in that manner has occupied 
a field of great usefulness to the trades and one of profit to itself. 

Besides its general hanking business, which comprehends receiving deposits, discount- 
ing paper, etc., something of a specialty is made of fon'ign and domestic exchange and the 
making of collections on all American and European trade centers. In this behalf the 
German Security has, among its corps of corresponding banks, the leading fiduciary insti- 
tutions in all the larger cities. 

An exhibit of the solvency and fiscal strength of the German Security is found 
in its last official statement, made just prior to the opening of the present year. From 
this it appears that the bank then had deposits aggregating $G')8,587."2; its loans and dis- 
counts amounted to $567, 572. S9, and its total resources were $928,225.52. This latter in- 
cludes a handsome surplus fund of $81,323.50. Paying ten per cent, dividends with 
regularity (semi-annually), the stock of the bank is rightly held to be a first-class invest- 
ment, and though in demand at fifty-nine per cent, premium (•■?!. 59) at this writing, holders 
are not disposed to part with their stock even at that high figure. 

The foregoing presents the highest tribute to the management of the bank, and this 
chiefly devcdves upon Cashier J. S. Barret, whose financial ability is recognized to be of 
the very highest rank. The President, John H. Detchen, is prominently identified with 
the commerce of the citv, and so, also, are tlie following gentlemen, who are co-directors 
with the President: Messrs. W. F. Rubel, C. Tafel, Wm'. Ehrmann, and J. B. Stoll. The 
officers of the bank hold similar trusts in the German Security Insurance Company. 



AND OK M;\V AIJiANV, INDIVNA. 



THE KENTUCKY XATIONAl. BANK OF LOUISVILLE. 



James M. Fetter, President; A. M. Quarrier. Vice-President; H. C. Truman. Cashier—Corner Fiftt) Avenue and 

West Main Street. 



The career of this Icad- 
iiijjj fiduciary institution dur- 
lilt; its nearly filtt-en years' 
existence lias been an inter- 
estinj^ and an eventful one. 

Orgnnized under the act 
of Congress governing Na- 
tional bunks, in Octol'cr, 
1871, it conmienced business 
in the following Deceinlier 
with a cai)ital oif #3C)0,<KlO— 
a tew months afterward in- 
creasi'd to $500,000. To this 
sum, by prudent and i-uc- 
cessful nianagenient, has 
been added a surplus of 
Sl'00,(tOO, and this after last 
year paying the u.'ual semi- 
annual dividends of four j)er 
cent. each. 

The original officei's <>t 
tbe bank were Hon, Bland 
Kallard, president; A. P. 
Cochran, vice-president, and 
Logan C. jNIurray, cashier, 
while the oi-iginal direct- 
ory, tliough di tiering in its 
personalty from the jiresent 
board, \vas, like tke latter, 
ctiniposed of l)usiness men 
eminent in their several 
lines for wealth and ability 
in the management of mon- 
etary aflairs. Upon th<' de- 
mise of President Ballard 
Cashier Murray succeeded 
to the executive office, hut 
resigned in 1881 to accept 
the cashu'rship of the United 
.States National Bank of 
New York. He was succeeded in the prc.-idency by Mr. W. H. Dulaney. Meantime, Mr. 
James .M. Fetter, who had been early I'onneeted with the bank in a subordinate capaeity, 
followed ilr. Alurray as cashier, and ultimately reached the presidency, a trust which he 
fills with distinguished ability and entire acc( ptance to all having business relations with 
the bank. 

The Kentucky National is honored, too, by the Federal Government in being desig- 
nated as a United States depository. It has very large resourct-s, as is shown by the follow- 
ing official report of its fiscal coiidition on December 31, 1885, as made to the Comptn Her 
of the Currency : 

Kesources— Notes and bills discounted. :^],419,:j!17.01 ; overdrafts. $4,351.16; United 
States bcinds t'j secure circulation, f5U0.000.00; United States bonds to secure United 
States deposits, $300,000.00; other stocks and bonds on hand, $8,!i00.00; real estate, $38,- 
989.70; merchandise, $'22,002.27; furniture and fixtures, i'S.OOU 00; current exjicnsts and 
taxes paid, $5.599. oti; demand ioan=, $221,337.98; exchange for ch aring-house, a^l 1.1 1:'>.27; 
checks and other ca<h items, $2,930.79; National bank m)tes $](),O58.ti0; frnctional pajier 
currency, nickels and pennies, *278.05; gold coin, $102,500.00; silver coin, $2,10ti.OO; 
legal-tender notes, $55,000.00; due from approved reserve agents. $139,042 S9; due Irom 




80 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



National banks, $48,470.29; due from State banks and bankers, $18,335.17; due from Treas- 
urer United States, five-per-cent. redemption fund, $22,500.00; total. *2,944,766.14. Lia- 
bilities—Capital stock, $500,O00.C0; surplus fund, $200,000.00; undivided profits, $IS,- 
148.21; circulation, $450,000.00; notes and bills redi.>counted, $249,288.01; individual 
deposits (subject to check), §624,422.25; demand certificates «>f deposit, ^$21, 213. 40; United 
States deposits, $253,829.51; due to National banks, $304,038.84; due to State banks and 
bankers, 1328,825.92; total, $2,944,766.14. 

And this satisfactory showing is even improved upon since, for on February 1st it had 
a surplus and undivided profits aggregating about $235,000, and its stock was held at 
forty per cent, above par. To the conservative and prudent mana;:ement of aftairs this 
prosperity is chiefly due, and, recognizing this fact, the entire directory of last year was 
continued in office by vote of the current annual meeting; these director-: being J. M. 
Fetter, Julius Winter, A. M. Quarrier, W. H. Thoma-s A. C. Semple, W. W. Kite, W. H. 
Coon, J. B. Owsley and J. S. Grimes, a majority of whom will be recognized as leading 
business men of large experience and public spirit. 

Transacting a general banking and exchange business, the Kctucky National makes 
a specialty of foreign exchange, and its correspondents and bank cimnections are care- 
fully selected from among the best in the country, as will further appear from this list, 
viz: Union Bank of London, Mechanics' National, United States National, and First 
National, of New York City; Merchants' National, of Chicago; Louisiana National and 
"Whitney National, of New Orleans, and the Union National, of Cincinnati. 

Of the executive officers, who.>e wise management has chiefly contributed to the pros- 
perity of the bank, some mention is contained in the foregoing of President Fetter. It 
may be added that he is also a director in the Louisville, New Albanj' & Chicago railroad, 
in the Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis "Air Line;" is treasurer of the Merchants' In- 
surance Company, and holds other trusts in large public enterprises. Vice-president A. 
M. Quarrier, who has resided here over a quarter of a century, is second vice-president of 
the Louisville & Nashville railroad, and possessed of great administrative ability. Cashfer 
Truman has also been identified with the banking interest many years, and discharges his 
present important trust with conspicuous ability. 



SAM^UEL R. CHA3IBERS, 



Wholesale Dealer in Field Seeds and Implements, Nds. 230 and 232 West Main Street, between Second and 

Third. 



The demand for choice field and garden seeds, and for improved agricultural imple- 
ments and machinery, is one which grows by what it feeds upon. The way to create a 
market for good goods is to demonstrate their superiority by actual te.sts, and this has 
been so often and so satisfactorily" done in the matter of seeds and farming machinery that 
now none but the non-progressive ph)dder is content to lag along in the worn-out ruts, 
doing as his father did before him, and employing the antiquated tools of a bygone gene- 
ration to coax a bare subsistence from an exhausted soil. Farming, as prosecut< d in these 
days, is a progressive business, requiring the exercise of brain as well as brawn, and the 
employment of modern ingenuity for the planting, cultivation, garnering, and marketing 
of crops. 

The first requisite in order to successful and profitable farming is the obtaining of 
sound seeds of the best varieties; the second, the purchase of tln^ best labor-saving imple- 
ments for its planting and cultivation; and the third, the employment of the latest 
improved, most substantial, and reliable machinery for harvesting. There are plenty to 
select from. Such an establishment as that of Mr. Samuel R. Chambers, Nos. 23(i and 
232 West Main street, offers ample scope for the exercise of the most exacting judgment 
in each of these departments — seeds, implements, and machinery. This is an old and 
responsible house, founded in 1872 by .Messrs. S. 11. Chambers and J. E. Watts, the latter 
retiring in 1879, since when Mr. Chambers has continued to conduct the business on his 
own account. He has a very heavy trade throughout the United States, and during the 
spring and summer months deals largely with Europe, principally in exporting orchard, 
bluegrass. and redtop seeds. He is also agent for the " Empire " harvesting machine, 
manufactured at Akron, Ohio, a strong, fjist, clean, and altogi-ther superior machine which, 
upon its merits alone, has already achieved success and a wide and increasing sale. 

IMr. Chambers' store and warehouses are very extensive and commodious, and are at 
all times stocked with an immense line of carefully-selected field seeds, farming imple- 
ments and machinery, and all goods pertaining to agriculture. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 81 



JOHN P. MORTON & CO., 



Publishers, Booksellers, Stationers. Printers, Binders and Blank-Book Manufacturers. 
Nos. 440 to 446 West Main SIreet. 



This house, in addition to the repute always attaching to dealings of magnitude, enjoys 
the further distinction of being the oldest business establishment in this city and State, 
and possibly in the entire United States as well, in respect to maintaining its identity and 
continuity of firm membership. 

Founded in 1825 by Mr. John P. Morton, the venerable senior of the house still, the 
establishment, during the sixty years of its existence as such, has always more than kept 
pace with the industrial and commercial growth and development of Louisville. It is 
still the largest house of its kind south of the Ohio river, and its patronage, always firmly 
established, is continually expanding territorially, and increasing in volume. The first 
change in firm name was to Morton & Smith, then to Morton & Griswold, and since 1864 
the present style, John P. Morton & Co., has prevailed, the firm associates of the venera- 
ble founder being Alex. Griswold and Howard M. Griswold, both of whom have always 
been identified with this line of business. The latter is also a director in the Bank of 
Kentucky. 

The imprint of the house of John P. Morton & Co. is everywhere recognized in the 
trade as attesting literary merit, in respect to its publications and superior workmanship 
in typography, binding, etc. Many of the principal publications issued in Louisville bear 
this imprint, and the house also publishes school-books in great variety and excellence. 
In piinting and binding a very large business is transacted, and the firm makes a specialty 
of the manufacture of blank-books and wholesale and retail dealing in stationery. 

The trade of the establishment, in all its branches of publishing, book-selling, sta- 
tionery, printing, binding and blank-book manufacturing, is very extensive throughout 
Kentuck}', Indiana, Tennessee, Northern Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, and Georgia. 
Locally, and in its retail departments, the house is held in high esteem; and this rejard 
attaches also to the members of the firm, whose enterprise, integrity and public spirit are 
awarded the fullest recognition and appreciation. 

At its last annual meeting the Board of Trade conferred its highest distinction — hon- 
orary life membership — upon Mr. Morton, and he most felicitously responded as follows: 
" This honor, coming from business men, eminently respectable, and whose object is to 
promote the best interests of the city in mercantile, commercial, manufacturing, and other 
matters that would add to its growth and prosperity, is a compliment that I deeply feel 
and appreciate." 



82 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



K. A. ROBINSON & CO. 




R. A. Robinson. Chas. H/Petit. W. A. Robinson. W. Robin on. Proprietors— Wliolesale Druggists and Manufact- 
urers 01 Pharmaceutical Preparations— Nos. 528 to 532 West Main Street; Laboratory, No. 231 Sixtti Street. 

This old and wdl-known houpe, whether regarded in its character as a vast and lead- 
ing commercial enterprise of Louisville and the South, or in the personnel of its proprie- 
tors, has a most interesting history almost co-exten- 
sive with the trade development of the citj. 
• Founded in 1842 by Mr. K. A. Rubinson, the 
senior of the present firm, the establishment wa» 
at first a comparatively small retail drug-store on 
Market street; then added a small jobbing trade, 
and in 1846 embarked exclusively in the wholesale 
drug line, the better to accommodate the increasing 
trade in hand and prospective, removing to the 
]iresent admirable and spacious location on West 
Main street. There were some early changes in 
the name of the firm, but in 1855 the present desig- 
nation, R. A. Robinson & Co., was cliosen and the 
]iartnership now consists of the original founder, 
Mr. R. A. Robinson, with his sjns, W. A. and W. 
Robinson, and Mr. Charles H. Petit. With the 
experience of the senior and the vigor and enter- 
]3rise of the younger members, the business ot the 
iiouse continued to grow. Atpresentthe firm cov- 
ers, in its transactions and ]iatronage, the West, 
South-west, and South, and the same thrift, energy 
and progress] veness may be expected to still further 
enlarge the sphere of operations of the house, 
uidicalive ui ilm uuuiuuiiauring facilities of the firm, and the largene.ss of its 
stock, it may be added th.it the main store is 52Jxl85 feet, four stones and cellars, and the 
laboratory 20x105 feet, three stories high. The employes number thirty. The approved 
and enduring mercantile principles that have governed the conduct of' the hou-*e during 
its nearly half a century of existence will continue to prevail, and the house maintain its 
leadi' g position among the commercial enterprises of the South, distinguished for ample 
capital and resources, large facilities, and an ever-increasing business. 

On account of his intimate connection with the commercial development of Louis- 
ville, the senior of this leading and representative Southern house merits more than inci- 
dental mention in a work like this devoted to the industries of Louisville. Born in Vir- 
ginia in 1817, he entered a business apprenticeship in Shepherdstown, in that State, at the 
earlv age of fourteen. In 1837 he catiie to Louisville, and readily obtained clerical em- 
ployment, afterward engaging in the dry goods business, with his brothers, who had joined 
him here. Later still he founded a drug-store establishment, as above related, the same 
that became the ])rogenitor of the present house. He abo embarked, in late years, in 
other business enterprises, elsewhere referred to, more especially in behalf of his .sons en- 
gaged in the wholesale hardware business ; and he is al<o the' founder of the Louisville 
Woolen Mills. Of unswerving integrity and commercial honor, he met the obligatums 
and losses encountered by the civil war and monetary panics promptly and in full. His 
wide knowledge of commercial aftairs and finance made his service and advice in jniblic 
trusts very desirable, and he has held position in the directories of the Louisville & Nash- 
ville railroad, the Louisville Bridge Company, the Falls City Bank, and other enterprises, 
but he could never be induced to accept polit'ical preferment, although he would have con- 
ferred distinction upon the highest office. Devoted to the duties of his burliness, he has 
yet found time to concern himself in social matters, and in his life has exemplified the 
highest type of Christian manhood. So fully have the business men of Louisville appre- 
ciated the lite and commercial services of Mr. R. A. Robinson that they voluntarilv and 
unanimously conferred upon liim the great di.*tinction of honorary life membership in the 
Board ot Trade, an honor never before bestowed. The letter of the President of the 
Board, announcing the fact, was a most felicitous tribute to an honored citizen, but Mr. 
Robinson's modest and grateful reply far exceeded it as a tribute to the business commun- 
ity tliat he bad served with such acceptance for forty-five years. The successful life of 
Mr. Robinson, and the business success of his firm, present considerations for the en- 
couragement and emulation of all. 



AND OK NKU ALHANY, INDIANA. 



83 



M'FERRAN, SHALl.CKOSS & CO., 



Pork Packers, Provision Dealers, and Curers of the Celebrated Magnolia Ham— Packing-hous), Thirteenth and 
Maple Streets : Office. South-west Corner of Second and Main Streets. 




No single iiulustry in Louisville has so much coiitrii)Uted to tho comnicrcijil ;nid man- 
ufacturing pre-eniiiience of this section as that under present consideration, owned and 
operated by the long-established firm of JIcFerran, Shallcross & Co., who for nearly a 
quarter of a century have occupied a commanding position in respect to the industrial af- 
fairs and triide and commerce of this section. 

The character of their productions, and the near relation of the same to the consumer 
— for almost everybody can manage to worry down a piece of Magnolia Ham, with eggs, 
with neatness and dispatch — have given to "thegi-eat establishment a popular acquaintance 
and large repute far beyond the limits of ordinary trade circles. 

Founded in 1803 by McFerran & Mene'ee, the house cured the first year 7,500 ^[af- 
nolia Hams, and that product Avas considered large at that period of commercial develop- 
ment; but the figures seem small when compared with a subsequent year'A)Utput, which 
airgregated 375,000 hams. The subsequent changes in the firm nomenclature were to 
Mitchell. Armstrong & Co., then to McFerran, Armstrong «& C<>., and in 187G to the pres- 
ent style of firm, ]\icFerran, Shallcross & Co, the partners being J. B. McFerran (for- 
merly president of the Board ot Trade), S. H. Shallcross, R. J. Menefee, and W. P. Clancy. 

The curing-house of the firm is in Louisville, as illustrated above, and the several 
massive brick warehouses, and other buildings appertaining to the establishment, have a 
fronta'j-e of 510 feet. There are also seven large three-story smoke-houses, with a capacity 
of smoking a million jwunds of meat. As shown in the engraving, railroad tracks and 
sidinsrs adjoin the buildings, and these terminal facilities are so extensive that seventeen 
cars can be loaded or unloaded at once. The location of the curing-house. Thirteenth .and 
Maple streets, is unusually favorable for a further extension of terminal facilities, should 
the same become necessary in the continuous growth and development of the firm's busi- 
ness. 

The house also maintains slaughtering and packing establishments at Peoria, Illinois, 
and Nashville, Tennessee, where two hundred additional hands are employed, when run- 
ning full, and their facilities for distributing the meat product are unsurpassed. 

Hut the specialty of the firm and its jiroduct, which is sold largely on both sides ot 
the Atlantic, is the Vlagnolia Ham, in the production of which the art of ham curing has 
so fully reached perfection that the firm is enabled to guarantee the excellence ot every 



84 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



single one of the brand. The marvelous success evidenced in the growth of the demand 
for this toothsome luxury from 7,500 to 375,000 hams a year is a tribute to the method of 
curing it. Only the best and purest materials enter the pickle, a:'d a large percentage of 
pure cane sugar is used in the caring. The Magnolia has been for years the largest cure 
of strictly winter sugar-cured hams made in the world. This house maintains, as the re- 
sult of many years' experience in handling pork, that hams cured in summer,when the hog 
flesh is soft, can not possibly be as good as those curud in winter when the meat is firm and 
in the best possible condition ; and in this opinion the whole trade will and does concur. 
It needs but to be added that the firm of McFerran, Shallcross & Co. is one of the 
largest in financial ability and resources, and the members are among the most energetic, 
enterprising and public-spirited business men of this section. 



BLOCK, FRANCK & CO., 

Distillers and Dealers in Fine Kentucky Whiskies— Office, No. 205 West Main Street. 



^XSTILL^^ 




This house was originall}' founded hy Joseph Block and L. 
Franck, who had formerly been engaged in the wholesale dry 
gnods business. On the 1st of January, 1886, a new copart- 
niTship was formed by the above parties and Mr. Eniile 
Franck, formerly of the firm of Hellman, Franck & Co., for 
many years in tliis line of business, which firm expired by lim- 
itation on that day, the style of the present firm remaining, as 
K retofore. Block, Fr'inck & Co. This house was one of the 
hrst to introduce the selling of fine Kentucky whiskies in 
Xiiid to the retail trade, and have been very successful in plac- 
ing their well-known brands in the hands of the best class of 
letail dealers in all parts of the country. They have, thus far, 
sold goods in twenty-nine States, from Maine to California, 
and tlieii irade i-- constantly increasing. The specialty of the old fir-m has been the 
brands " Kcntuckj' Oaks " and '' Kentucky Derby "' hand-made sour-mash Bourbon and 
rye whiskies, and since the formation of the new house, they have added the " Tremont " 
and " Gold Dust " hand-made sour-mash whiskies, which, like the other brands, have been 
thoroughly introduced wherever fine whiskies are known. 

In addition to their own brands, they carry in bond a number of the other popular 
brands of Kentucky goods. Thus they are enabled to supply the trade with any fine 
whisky made in Kentucky. 

This house deals only in goods in bond, and all shipments are made direct from bonded 
warehouse, thus insuring to the trade that the whiskies are perfectly straight, the most 
desiral)le feature for retailers in buying their goods. 

The firm is composed of active, energetic young men, and every member of the same 
travels from o^e year's end to the other, and visits the trade in person. Mr. Block has 
flfeen a resident of Louisville since childhood, while the Messrs. Franck were born and 
raised in the city, and all are well and favorably known to the mercantile community. 

Pai'tie§ who may wish to favor this house with orders direct can address them by 
mail, and all such correspondence will receive prompt attention. 



J. W. SAWYER, 



Wholesale and Retail Grocer, Nos. 334 and 356 East Market Street. 



The beneficent influence of the wholesale grocery trade upon Louisville's past, present 
and prospective growth is so generally recognized as to render enlargement upon this 
theme a work of supererogation, a duty more honored in the breach than in the observ- 
ance. SuflSce it to say. that as a class the wholesale grocers of the Falls City occupy a 
lofly pi)sition among the legitimate and honorable pursuits that combine to render her a 
hive of industry and the metropolis of this se.'tion o? the South-west. 

One of the most creditable and successlul of these concerns is that of Mr. J. W. 
Sawyer, located in the convenient two-story building, Nos. 354 and 35G East Market 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



85 



street, fronting forty feet on that street, and running bade eighty feet. In all respects 
this is a first-class establishment, handling annually vast quantities of the goods pertain- 
ing to the trade, and requiring the services of a number of ctnployos. The aggregate 
sales for several years past have footed up $85,000 to $100,000, customers being fnund 
throughout the Ohio and Mississippi valleys, from West Viririnia to Texas. The special- 
ties of the house are, the renowned "Diamond" flour, a brand which has no superior for 
either domestic or bakers' use, "Diamond" coffee and "Combination" mixed tea; and 
Mr. Sawyer's success may be traced to the conscientious, scrupulous honor with which he 
has transacted business, and the uniform courtesy extended alike to all his patrons. 

Mr. Sawyer, originally educated for the profession of medicine, and a Kentuckian by 
birth, later entered the grocery trade as a salesman, and previous to going into business 
for himself had been in the employ of five of the leading grocery houses here. He was, 
therefore, well fitted by experience to make a success of his undertaking— a result which 
he has reached by close application to business and a thorough knowledge of the wants 
of the trade. Notwithstanding the constant attention demanded by his grocery house, 
Mr. Sawyer, like most very busy men, finds time to devote to other pursuits, and is presi- 
dent and treasurer of the Franklin Tobacco Company, a flourishing corporation of which 
his tact, energy and industry arc the props and supports. This concern is largely en- 
gaged in the manufacture of superior brands of plug tobacco, the sale of which has been 
sedulously and successfully pushed in all the States tributary to this market. 



OTTER & CO., 



Wholesale Grocers and Commission Merchants— Nos. 214, 216, 218 and 220 Sixth Street, Between Main and 

Market. 




The wholesale grocery and commission trade 
)f this city is of tremendous proportions and 
importance, not only to those directly engaged 
therein but to the community at large. Else- 
where in these pages will be found the statistics 
of this brunch of business for the past and some 
precediniT years, from which it will be readily 
interred that no small share of the Falls City's 
prosperity is referable to the energy, enterprise, 
and activity of her grocery and commission in- 
terest. 

A great leading house in this department ot 
trade and commerce is that of Otter & Co., 
wholesale grocers and commission merchants, 
Nos. 214 to 1^20 Sixth street, between Main and 
Market. The concern was founded in 1858 by 
Mr. J. D. Otter, who, for many years, conducted it 
upon the most progressive and successful meth- 
ods. On his decease, in 1883, the present firm, 
composed of W. P., K. H. and John J. Otter, 
sons of the founder, contiiuied the business thus established. 

Their building, the first two flq^jrs of which, with basement, is occupied by Messrs. 
Otter & Co., is a very handsome four-story brick, fronting 100 feet on Sixth street, with a 
deptli of 150 feet. The stock is a superb one, well selected, fresh, and embraces all staple 
goods as well as an immense assortment of fancy groceries, canned goods, salt and smoked 
nieat-^, and, in a word, everything related to the trade for which there is any demand. 
The in'<st reasonable prices rule, together with promptitude and an accommodating spirit 
that adds vastly to the popularity of the house. 

Oiler & Co.'s customers are found throughout this and neighboring States, while they 
command an immense city patronage, and claim with reason the largest commission busi- 
ness in (•.>untry produce, etc., of any house here. 

The fiiiii IS a solid and substantial one, prompt, wide-awake and responsible, and 
stands in the front rank of the trade. Buyers and consignors will find it to their interest 
to call upon or communicate with Otter *«& Co., and look into the inducements they offer. 



QQBlIIJi:' 




86 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



THE FKANKLTX TOBACCO COMPANY, 



Manufacturers of "Half Dime," "Ginger Bread," "Nip" and Other Favorite Brands of Cliewing Tobacco— 
Nos/633 and 635 East Main Street. 



Louisville is emphatically the home of the tobacco trade, both leaf and manufactured. 
The natural outlet of the great tobacco-growing counties of this greatest of the tobacco- 
growing States, unequaled facilities are here ofl'ered lor the establi^^hraent and prosecution 
of a colossal business in the manufacture of the raw material into the toothsome chew or 
the solacing smuke. Owing to a combination of circumstances, a rival city has of late 
years made rapid strides as a tobacco market, but once more Louisville is in the lead, and 
her merchants will not again be caught napping. Where so many excellent houses en- 
gaged in the same trade are congregated it might be considered invidious to award the 
meed of special praise to any one for general excellence of product, but it is fair to call 
attention to and give due credit for such advances in methods and proce.-ses as add to the 
qualitv of the manufactured product and attract an increased number of buyers to this 
market. As an instance of the advantage which must accrue to the operators and owners 
of even tobacco factories from the ability to command inventive genius, Louisville can 
justly point with pride to the Franklin Tobacco Company, whose finely-arranged and 
equipped works are heated at Nos. 633 and 635 East Main street. The company 
was organized and commenced operations March 18, 1885, the incorporators being Messrs. 
J. W. Sawyer and K. J. Landrum, the first a popular and prominent grocer and the latter 
a p'Mctical tobacco manufacturer of some thirty years' experience. The capital slock is 
$10.0 JO. At first the company established itself at No. 2527 Rowan street, but success was 
so quickly achieved that it became necessary to remove, to the present location, where a com- 
plete new plant of improved machinery processes, some of Mr. Sawyer's own inven- 
tion, and for which patents are now pending, was introduced, by means of which a vastly 
incivased output is obtained at less expenditure of labor and money than by the old-style 
proce st-s, as is shown by the fact that with a force of sixty operatives the product aver- 
ages some two thousand pounds per diem, and the sales for the past year, at the lowest 
estimate, reaching the value of $150,000. The pay-roll is about $300 weekly. 

Tlie favorite brands manufactured bj' the Franklin Tobacco Companj- are "Ginger 
Bread," " Half Dime " and " Nip'" plug, all of which are superior tobaccos and rapidly 
growing in popularity, as is evidenced by the fact that the demand is fully equal to the 
manufacturing capacity, notwithstanding the company has no drummers and employs no 
special means for increasing sales. The works require constant enlargements and the 
putting up of new machinery in order to avoid the accumulation of orders. So it will be 
seen that it is a flourishing enterprise, and one that reflects credit upon its originators and 
the city of Louisville. 



THE REMINGTON STANDARD TYPE-WRITER. 



Huber & Allison, General Agents for Kentucky, Tennessee and Southern Indiana, No. 448 West Main Street. 

The publishers of this present volume 
were among the first engaged in the 
preparation of commercial books to 
utilize the type-writer in preparing 
"copy" for the press, and their prefer- 
ence for the Remington is further mani- 
fested in the fact that in their offices in 
the leading trade centers of the country 
only the Standard Remington is u.sed, 
although trial has been made ot other 
machines. 

The editors of the "Industries of St. 
Louis" say in that publicHtion, that 
"every manuscript page of printer's copy for the book was run off on the Remington 
type-writer. That instrument is rapidh' supplanting many of the ancient methods of 
book-making. It has been sold in St. Louis for about ten years and has stood the test 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



87 



of time The Remington type-writer is manufactured by E. Remington & Sons, at the 
Remington Rifle Worlis, Ilion, N. Y. The Reniuigton Standard has now bei'n before 
the pulilic over ten years; it has been subjected to every coiu'eivable test; some of the 
machines sold over ten years ago are still in use and doing good service, and wherever it 
has been tried as an experiment it has been retained as a necessity. 

"A vohime greater than this could be filled with indorsements by St. Louis patrons 
of the Remington. Several firms here are now using as many as twenty of these ma- 
chines, after having given other machines a trial and found them unfitted lor rapid and 
reliable work. It will pay any one who has much writing to do t!> investigMte the Stand- 
ard type-writer, a machine that absolutely' takes the phice of the pen, doing all that can 
be done by it, and in one-tliird the time." 

The same commendation of the admirable device applies in Louisville, where, through 
the well-managed general agency of Huber & Allison, at 448 West Main street, the lead- 
ing cities and towns of Kentucky, Tennessee and Southern Indiana, have been supplied 
with the Remington Standard. 

Messrs. AVyckoff, Leamans & Benedict, of New York, who have the sole agency for 
the sale of the machine throughout the world, are fortunate in being represented here by 
so capable and energetic a firm as Messrs. Huhei- A: Alhsmi. The iiuicliiiH', in all its 
varieties, and with all the supplies used in con- 
nection with it, may be obtained of the firm, wlm 
also so'.icit correspondence from those at a dis- 
tance, and furnish pamphlets and other informa- 
tion upon request. 

lluber & Allison also represent and deal ex- 
tensively in the best of the leading styles of 
bicycles and tricycles, inclusive of the popular 
" V ictor," " Star," " Facile," and " Rudge " makes. 
The firm are always pleased to furnish informa- 
tion on cycling matters, and upon request will 
mail special catalogues setting forth in full tli< 
various advantages of the machines they repre- 
sent. 

All kinds of cycling goods are supplied at 
manufacturers' prices, and careful and prompt 
attention is given to all orders or communications sent to the firm. 




JULIUS SUES, 



Dealer in Toys, Rubber Goods, Baby Carriages, Children's Furniture and Novelties for Little People, No. 230 

Fourtti Avenue, near Main Street. 



For more than thirty years Julius Sues has catered to the innocent pleasure of Lpuis- 
ville's children, and many a bearded father and matronly mother of to-day remembers 
with a reminiscent thrill the bewildering delights of Sue«' bazar in holiday times, when 
Santa Claus consigned shiploads of gay wagons, sleds, hobby-horses, dolls, and novelties 
to the amiable Julius, who dispensed them with unchanging impartiality and kindness to 
his hosts of small friends. Never was there so popular a merchant, and if the means of 
his prattling customers during his long career had been equal to their wants and desires, 
the fortune of Vanderbilt would dwindle into insignificance in comparison with his. 

Mr. Sues, a youthful immigrant from Bremen, received his business training in a 
Louisville notion house, and opened for himself, in 1855, in a modest and unpretentious 
way. Year by year his trade has grown, until now his establishment is the most extensive 
of the kind in the South. 

Mr. Sues' store fronts 25 feet on Fourth avenue, runs back 85 feet, and is five stories in 
height, and is stocked from ground floor to carret with an endless line of goods pertain- 
ing to the toy trade — baby carriages, children's furniture, toy wagons, velocipedes, bicy- 
cles, sleds, games, hobby-horses, dolls, fancy goods, and novelties of every kind. Parents, 
guardians, friends of the rising generation and the trade will find here everything desirable 
in these goods, at moderate prices, with prompt and polite attention and perfect lacilities 
for selection. 



88 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILI.E 



MA.RIOX COUNTY D'STILLERY COMPANY. 

B. F. Mattingly, President; Ben D. Elder, Secretary; Distillers of Pure Fire-copper Kentucky Whiskies, Thirty* 

first Street and Rudd Avenue. 




The distilling interests of Louisville have an excellent representative in the ahove- 
named conipiiny, which was organized in 1879, Mr. B. F. Alattinglj^ its president, having 
■withdrawn, at that lime, from the firm of J. G. Mattingly & Bro., of which firm he was 
one of the original members. 

Mr. Mattin>ily has had forty years' experience in the dii-tilling business, and built and 
cperati-d the first registered distillery in Louisville. Mr. Hen D. Elder, the secretary, is 
a well-known and popular business man. 

The Marion di-tiilery and warehouses are advantageously located on Thirty-first street 
and Rudd avenue, the main track of the Kentucky and Indiana railroad bridge connec- 
tion passing directly through the premises. The distillery yards, cattle pens, etc., cover 
four acres of ground, and. while the distillery has the capacity for making 30,000 barrels 
of whisky annually, it has b<en run under such conservative management that the 
product for 1881 was only 10,517 barrels; 1882, 9,070 barrels; 1883, none made, because 
of the general over-production in Kentucky d ring the years of 1881 and 1882; 1884, 
2,270 barrels; 1885, 3,186 harre's, and the product for 188G will be very limited — not a 
barrel in excess of the trade requirements. 

The mash of which the Marion whisky is made is composed of 60 per cent, corn, 
80 per cent. rye. and 10 per cent, barley malt, there being none made in the State 
richer in small grain, and we know of but one other so rich. 



JACOB DAUTRICH, 



Steam Cigar-box Manufacturer and Dealer in Labe's, Ribbons and Trimmings, No. 1,405 Shelby Street. 



The extraordinary consumption of cigais of all grades in this country has, within the 
past fifteen or twenty years, developed several now important industries, more or less in- 
timately connected with the trade. Not the least notable of these is the manufacture 
of boxes and other accessories to the proper and tasteful ap|)e;irance of the goods. 

As a great tobacco market, it is but natural that Loui-ville should also become a con- 
siderable cigar, cigar-box, label and trimmings manufacturing center. The leading 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



89 



establishmpnt of the kind here is that of Mr. Jacob Dautrich, No. 1405 Shelby street, 
established in 1879. Mr. Dautrich, a practical carpenter, a skillful and successful business 
man, seeing the growing demand for this cla.ss of goods, went into the enterprise with 
vigor and determination to make of it a creditable and profitable enterprise. That he has 
carried out his intention goes without saying, since his goods are as well-known and pcip- 
ular as the many brands of excellent cigars produced here. Mr. Dautrich's factory is of 
suiRcicnt dimensions to meet present recpiirements, employs nine workmen, is fitted up 
with steam power and all necessary nuichinery, and turns out immense quantities of fin- 
ished goods of all grades. His trade is chiefly local, and he is prepared to fill orders fur 
any quality or quantity of cigar-bo.xcs desired, and at low prices and promptly. 



WANAMAKER & BltOWN. 



W. H. Wanamaker, President: John F. Hiilman, VicE-Prssident and Treasurer; William Sidebotton. Secretary; 

0. L Andersen, Manager of Louisv l:e Branch; Manufacturers and Dialers In Clothing, 

Furnishing Goods, etc.. N. W. corner Fourth Avenue and Jefferson Street. 




The subject of " wherewithal shall we be clothed?"' interests every Wass and condition 
of civilized men. The manufacture of clothing for the masses has almost passed out of 
the hands of the tailor in a small way, and into those of the wholesale producer, whose 
capital enables him to employ battalions of workmen and workwomen, and place upon 
the market immense quantities of goods ready for wear at figures that no small tailor can 
rival. Whatever the ancient prejudice against ready-made clothing, it is fast disappear- 



90 THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 

ing in our day. Men who can afford to dress well are more numerous than at any pre- 
yious time, for the reason thut good clothing, stylish, neatly-fitting, and of fine grades of 
cloth, are so cheap as to be within the reach of all who wish to appear well. 

The great clothing firm of Wanamaker & Brown, headquarters in Philadelphia, long 
a^o made for itsolf a reputation in this branch of trade. Several branches are maintained 
in leading Western cities, all of which are prosperous and successful. The company itself 
began business in the Quaker City in 1865, and has a capital of *1. 500,000 or more. The 
Louisville branch, north-east corner of Fourth avenue and Jefferson street, was opened 
May 19, 1885, and, under the management of Mr. D. L. Anderson, has achieved great 
popularity. Men and boys, from the poorest to the richest, resort thither for their gar- 
ments, certain at all times of a polite reception, careful attention, a good fit, and the full 
value of their money. The volume of trade of this branch alone for the past year approx- 
imated $150,000, most of which was, of course, local, but many mail orders were filled for 
distant points South and West, this being a specialty of the house in which it excels. 
Nor is the trade in ready-made clothing all that is looked after, for gentlemen can have 
the nobbiest and most fashionable suits made to order at short notice, in the best style 
and at low figures. 

Mr. Anderson, who has charge of the branch house here, has been with the firm four- 
teen years, during much of which time he was manager of the principal store at Phila- 
delphia. The premises over which he presides front forty-five feet on Fourth avenue and 
sixty feet on JeflPerson street, occupying all of the first and part of the second floors, with 
an immense stock of fine and medium suits and gentlemen's furnishing goods, in endless 
variety of pattern, cut, size and color, as well as quality. 

Mr. John Wanamaker, one of Philadelphia's noted citizens, originated this house 
twenty years ago. The principal establishment, located there, has four acres of floors, and 
employs thirty-seven hundred salesmen, clerks, etc. In all, the firm employs over five 
thousand people. Purchasers of goods in their line can not make any mistake in visiting 
Wanamaker & Brown's "Oak Hall" clothing store. Fourth and Jetferson streets is one 
of the brightest corners in the city. 



MUTUAL BENEFIT LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEWARK, N. J. 

K. W.Smith & Co., State Agents for Kentucky, No. 642 West Main Street. 



The resident agency for this leading company has been successfully conducted here for 
upward of twenty years, Mr. K. W. Smith having removed here from Cinciniuxti in 1865 
in that behalt. The company itself lias an honorable business history and record cover- 
ing a period of more than forty years. The Mutual Benefit has paid out to policy-holders 
and their beneficiaries during 1;hat period upward of •fSo, 000,000; yet its assets are still 
over $40,000,000, and it has a surplus in excess of $(3,000,000. The company has some 
special advantages, and, among others, oflTers to such as desire insurance with the least 
possible outlay of cash the privilege of the thirty-per-cent. loan plan. Under this plan the 
company agrees to accept a uniform cash promium of seventy per cent, of the full rate, 
the remaining thirty per cent, being charged against the policy as a loan to be met by 
dividends, or to be deducted from the face of the policy at death, if it should not pre- 
viously have been paid off in cash or by dividends. There are no stockholders, and all 
profits are divided among policy-holders. The company is conspicuous for economical 
management, large dividends, liberality of its policy contracts, and fair dealing with its 
members. No policy can be forfeited after the second year, so long as any value re- 
mains to continue the insurance. The full reserve value of a lapsed policy is applied to 
keeping the insurance in force, or if preferred, to the purchase of a paid-up policy at the 
company's regu'ar published rates. Always keeping in view the interest of its members, 
it makes cash loans to one-half of the reserve value of its policies when satisfactory assign- 
ments can be made as collateral security. It has removed all restrictions as to travel, oc- 
cupation and residence and made all policies incontestible after two years, except for 
fraud and non-payment of premiums. 

The agency here includes the entire State of Kentucky, and its business is the largest 
in the State. Mr. Smith is held in high esteem in business circles, and is a director of the 
Third National Bank of this city. Mr. Smith has taken thus over $400,000, and expects 
to do over $2,000,000 of business this year. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



91 



LOLTlSVILr^E PUBLIC WAREHOUSE COMPANY. 




Udolpho Snead, President; James P. Helm, Secretary and Treasurer; W. G. Coldewey, Manager— Warehouse, 
Hamilton Avenue; Office, No. 124 West Main Street— Cheap and Secure Storage at Lowest Rates of In- 
surance. 

The Louisville Public 
"Wari'hcmse Company offers 
umisually well-pcrfeeted ar- 
rangements for the accommo- 
dation of tobacco dealers, dis- 
tillers, wholesale handlers o 
liquors, importers of forcitii 
goods, shippers and dealers ii 
every description of merclian 
disc requiring;; cheap, carefu 
and responsible .«t(>rage Thi.>- 
conipiiny, pos.>=essed of a paid- 
up capital of $100,000, owns 
and controls the immense 
«even-story brick warehouse, 

350x410 feet square, erected by the late Newcomb-Bucbanan Company on Hamilton ave- 
nue. This is the most capacious building in the South of the kind, and is equipped through- 
out in the couipletest manner with power elevators, gas engines, scales, and, in siiort, 
■every requisite lor the handling of any and all kinds of goods. There are, strictly speak- 
ing, three distinct buildings entirely' disconnected, all doors and windows protect'd by 
iron bars and shutters, the buildings covered with standard composition roofs, and every 
possible safeguard provided against fire. The office is located at No. 124 Main street, be- 
tween First and Second, where interested parties will at all times receive prompt and 
courteous attention. 

The aggregate business of this great company, organized in 1884, already exceeds half 
a million dollars. The building has contained at various times during the past year 10,000 
barrels of free whisky, 5,000 barrels of bonded whisky. 1,000 hogsheads of tobacco, and 
"vast quantities of miscellaneous goqds, the leading specialties being free whisky and 
bonded goods under control of the Government customs department. This is a regular 
United States bonded warehouse, and the only one outside of New York city authorized 
to return direct-exported whisky and imported merchandise. 

This superb warehouse, purchased at the assignee's sale of the renowned Newcomb- 
Buihanan Company's assets in 1884, by whom it was •'rected at a cost of .$"210,000, is fitted 
up with a complete barrel-rack system, somewhat modified and remodeled by the present 
owners, which provides vastly increased storage capacity, space considered, and complete 
supervision of leakage, etc., with free circulation of air arnund each barrel, over any other 
plan ever devised. The present company has also constructed a switch at a cost of $7,000, 
■which connects the warehouse with every railroad entering the city. In a word, all has 
been d()ne that was possiMe to provide every necessary convenience to all classes of siiip- 
pcrs, importers and merchants, and results show that the enterprise is appreciated and 
patronized in a generous manner. 

Owing to the character of the building and its management, the rate of insurance of 
contents is very low — eightj- cents per one hundred dollars of value. The company con- 
ducts its business in conformity'with the laws of the United States and the State of Ken- 
tucky, and the Louisville Clearing-house regulations; has always present, in addition to 
its own foreman and force of laborers, a detachment of Government store-keepers and 
gaug^rs, and the utmost vigilance is at all times exercised. 

The company have ampin banking facilities, and refer to any or all of the Louisville 
financial institutions. Liberal advances (U merchandise stored in the warehouses of the 
company are secured at lowest bank rates, either from any of the local bank» or from sev- 
eral of the largest New York banks, with which the company have established con- 
nections. 

The city of Louisville presents great advantages as a distributing point, one-fourth of 
the population of the United States being within a radius of three hundred niih's about 
the city, and manufacturers and producers desiring to avail themselves of this advantage, 
and the cheap rates of a special freight contract for large lots to this center, for further 
shipment in smaller lots, would do well to correspond with the above company. 



92 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE . 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INJ>IANA. 93 



THE J. M. ATHERTON C03IPANY. 



Office, No. 125 West Main Street, Louisville; Distilleries, near New Haven, Ky.— J. IM. Atherton, President; Frank 
Miller, Secretary and Treasurer; P. L. Atlierton, General Manager; Wm. Miller, Superintendent. 



Tliis Cdnipany, incorporated in 1881, included four distilling firms of fine Kentucky 
whiskies hereinafter mentioned. The corporation now owns and operates four distilleries, 
and is known to the liquor trade throughout America and in foreign lands as well. The 
chain of industrial and oonnnercial eslahlishments owned and operated by the company 
are, it is true, located elsewhere — near New Haven, Ky. — but they are nevertheless Louis- 
ville institutions, being owned here, all the stockholders living in or near Louisville, and 
the oflicers all residents of Louisville. Mr. J. M. Atherton, of this city, the president and 
principal stockholder, presides over the Louisville ofiSce, through which ihe product of 
these distilleries is sold, and also through which the greater part of the grain consumed 
at the distilleries referred to is purchased. 

These distilleries are known as the "J. M. Atherton," the "A. Mayfield," the "William 
ililler" and the " S. O'Bryan;" and the brands there made Avith such uniform care, 
excellence and purity as to be accepted as standard in the trade are the "Atherton," 
established 1867; the "Windsor," established 1880; "Mayfield," established 1870; and 
"Clifton," established 1880 — the two first named being sweet-mash whisky, and the two 
latter sour-mash. The two older brands are among the best known of any in the State. 
Of the two sweet-mash brands, a limited quantity of pure rye whisky is made yearly. 

The buildings, which are numerous, and attached premises, cover an area of about 
thirt}' acres, and eniployment is furnished to about one hundred and fifty operatives. 
Their employes, with their families, populate quite a thriving little town, named Ather- 
tonvillc, adjacent to the distilleries, and about two miles from New Haven, Ky. The 
company owns two miles of railroad, connecting the distilleries with the main line, and 
in otiier respects the establishment enjoys superior facilities in the way of modern appli- 
ances for whisivy production, so that the claim may lie maintained that these are among 
the best-appointed distilleries in the State. When in full operation they consume nhout 
eighteen hundred bushels of grain a day, and their aggregate production is from eighteen 
thousand to twenty thousand barrels of whisky annually. 'I'he company owns the only 
distillery in the State that produces exclusively pure rye whisky, and is the first to make 
a mo^'e in this direction.' 

This large product is sold, through the Louisville office, in all parts of the country. 

President Atherton is one of the leading citizens of Kentucky, and distinguished for 
the largest measure of enterprise and public spirit. His eflforts in promoting the indus- 
trial and commercial growth of Louisville are well known and recognized, and it may 
be mentioned that he was one of the founders of the Board of Trade. 

Nelson county, the home of these famous brands of whisky, is one of the most famous 
whisky-producing districts in the State, as it was fir^t made there in all its purity by 
farmers in tne early part of this century. It is the boast of the J. M. Atherton Company 
that in point of quality their product is the equal of that made bj"^ the pioneers. 

The cooperage branch of this company is verj' extensive, and employs from twenty 
to twenty-five skilled workmen continually, who use about six hundred thousand staves 
yearly' for making packages for their product. 



AVALNUT-STREET BREWERY. 



Adam Loeser, Proprietor, No. 732 East Walnut Street. 



The reputation of Louisville beer, and especially of its brew of cream beer, is at once 
complimentary, just, and extensive. 

Among the most comjilete and best-known of the establishments engaged in this im- 
portunt and profitable industry is the brewery of Adam Loeser, No. 782 East Walnut street, 
between Shelby and Clay. It has been in operation .since 18')8, under the same enterpris- 
ing and experienced proprietor, and his trade, which is chiefiy confined to the city, has 
grown from time to time so that the capacity of the brewery, which is (i.OOO barrels a year, 
is taxed to its utmost to sujiply the constantlj'-incrcasing demand for ^Ir. Loeser's make of 
cream beer. This healthful and nutritious beverage is highly recommended by physicians 
for family use, and its purity and entire freedom from adulteration is conceded by all. 



94 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



THE MERCANTILE AGENCY. 



R.G. Dun & Co., Proprietors— Established, 1841— Principal Office, New Yorl< City; Louisville Office, No. 44B 
West Main Street.— W. T. Rolph, Manager. 



Whatever be the merits of other systems or establishments, it has long been conceded 
by those conversant with its methods of work that the mercantile agency of R. G. Dun 
& Co. is, and always has been, without a rival in its special function or office of ascer- 
taining and reporting upon the credit standing of those engaged in business throughout 
the country. 

How tliis factor in the regulation of commerce obtained its present large sphere of 
usefulness it would be interesting to recount at length, did space permit. This brief 
re-ume, contained in a recent publication anent this agency, may serve to comprehen- 
sively present its eai'ly history: 

"After the commercial revulsion of 1837 it was found necessary to adopt some )ilan 
by which wholesale dealers could promptly and correctly post theni.eelves regarding the 
standing of tlie retail dealer, and to Judge Lewis Tappan, of New York City, we are 
indebted for the admirable syjtem now cari'ied on by K, G. Dun & Co. Commenced by 
him in 1841, in the city of New York, it has been carried on uninterruptedly by his suc- 
cessor-! under the styles of Lewis Tappan & Co., Tappan & Douglas, B. Douglas & Co., 
Dun, Boyd & Co., Dun, Barlow & Co., and R. G. Dun & Co., and in Canada as Dun, 
"Wiman & Co., the changes in style being necessitated simply by the retirement at suc- 
cessive periods of members of the firm." 

Moie particularly described, the function of the agency, as already known to the great 
majority of bankers, manufacturers, jobbers and business men in general, is to photo- 
grapii as clearly as possible the local impression every business man has made in his own 
commuiiity as to clniracter, capacity and capital, and to put the information thus gained 
in an intelligible and accessible shape for the guidance of thi se who dispense credits. It 
is conceded by those who have given the matter considerable research that the Mercan- 
tile Agency of R. G. Dun & Co. possesses vast stores <»f information, constantly dr iwn 
upon by as many as filty thousand subscribers throughout this country and Canada, and 
that the credits of the commercial world are largely regulated by these reports, systemat- 
ically obtained by its traveling reporters in every section, and otherwise; the work of 
ascertaining, verifying, collating, and publishing this important data involving an agure- 
gate annual expenditure, by the agency and its hundred and odd branches, of upward of 
$3,00(1,000. 

The Reference book of R. G. Dun & Co. is issued, in comprehensive and convenient 
form, four times a year— in January, March, July and September. These books contain 
the names of merchants and traders of every description, banks and bankers ever3'where, 
and ratings which at a glance approximate their net worth, generMl credit, and standing. 
It contains full directions as to shipping goods, and has just added the feature of classilied 
trades and complete maps of all the States. These two latter features are entirely new 
and original with them. In its offices are on record detailed reports giving the past his- 
tor}', the present financiiil and moral status of merchants, bankers and traders, which 
subscribers can obtain upon application. The daily shuet of changes contains all failures, 
dissolutions, suits, mortgages, etc.. occurring throughout the country; and this featui'e is 
alonn worth more than the amount charged for the annual subscription. , 

Another department of the agency — and of this the publishers of the Industrik.s of 
Louisville sp ak from personal knowledge — is the exceeding facility witii wliich R. G. 
Dun & Co. make collections of overdue accounts in all parts of the country. This feature 
is especially worthy the consideration of business men and others having open past-duo 
account*, etc. 

Iliiving thus outlined, as briefly as may be, the general purpose of the agency, and 
recorded \U success, it remains but to add that the Louisville braneh has a record of great 
usefulness and profit to the business community. It was established herein 1851. the 
eighth in the great cliain of branches — now one hundred and six— established in the lead- 
ing trade and indu-^trial centers of the country. It has more than kept pace with the 
relative growth and development of Louisville, and especially so since the management 
was assumed, about twelve years since, by Mr. W. T. Rolph. Coming here with an expe- 
rience gained at Buffalo, N. Y., and subsecpiently as the successful manager of the 
Rochester (N. Y.) office, he has been successful in developing the business of his princi- 
pals in Louisville and vicinity. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



95 



W. B. BELKNAP & CO. 



W. R. Belknap, President; C. J.F. Allen. Vice-President; M.B. Belknap, Secretary.— Wholesale Hardware, Wire, 
Iron. Wagon Goods, Etc., Nos. 115 to 121 West Main Street. 




The house of W. B. Belknap & Co. has been so 

lonsj identified with the pronrment bus^iness interests 
of Louisville that it seems almost superfluous to give 
it any extended notice.. Founded forty-six years 
ago by Mr. \V. B. Beli<nap, it was for years the only 
iron house in the city, and had exclusive control in 
tiiis market of the nails, bar iron, boiler plate, etc., 
whieli were manufactured by the celebrated Juniata 
mill at Pittsburgh. The wants of mankind were 
then comparatively simple, and while a heavy st' ck 
was necessary to tide over the jVeriods of suspended 
navigation, there was not tinit tiewildering variety 
whicb has developed of late years. 

Coincident with the establishment of rolling-mills 
lower down in the Ohio valley, Mr. Belknap was 
closely identified with the Louisville roliiiig-miii. 
With the subsequent and still rapidly-growing indus- 
trial interests of the South, the firm, always quick 
to recognize the propriety of carrying a much larger 
variety of articles, and tiius keeping pace with 
the times, has now the most comjilete stock, of such 
goods a» tiit-y pruuiiu.ii. Keep at all, of any house in this part of the country. A rapid 
glance at tiie several cia.s/es covered will not come amiss. 

In the first place the'house has never lost its interest in its original line of merchant 
iron, and to-day carries a.stock of over two thousand tons of ordinary bar, Swedes iron, 
sheet iron of ail gaug^'s and grades, including galvanized ai d 'planished," known famil- 
iarly as "American Rus>ia,'' and the various grades and kinds of steel as well. This 
embraces the celebrated brand of Crescent cast-steel, for which W. B. Belknap & Co. are 
agents. Their sales of this brand have steadily increased as the peculiar and uniform 
excellence of it has been clearly demonstrated to railroads, machine shops, and other critical 
customers. The higher grades of this braiid for mill picks, drill rods, etc., have met with 
exceptional favor. 

Foundry supplies may be mentioned, including nuts, washers, bolts of all kinds, lag 
screws, b It ends, Burden's boiler rivets, tank rivets, anvils, drills, bellows, portable forges, 
tweer irons, and everything that goes to fit out a shop complete for foundryman or black- 
smith. 

The use of corrugated iron for buildings has increased of late years to enormous pro- 
portions. '\V. IS. Ueiknap & Co. carry a large amount of this in stock, together with wire 
nails for putting the same up. A complete stock ot sheet iron recnmmends the house to 
tinners and manufacturers of that kind of ware. In the ordinary grades they carry froni 
the thickest plate up to No. oO gauge for trunkmakers. Besides the ordinary grades, 
there are the smooth irons for pans and extra work where double seaming is required. 
Their sales for both ordinary and extra grades show up into thousands of bales every 
season. Tinners' rivets, metals, lead, aritimony, sheet zinc, solder and soldering irons are 
naturally classed with tinners' stock, and are luuidled by the firm in large quantities. 

Along with metals, it might not be out of 
place to notice the full stock of shot and amnm- 
nition. viz: Shells, cartridges of all sizes, wads, 
<'aps, etc., which are extremely active in certain 
>ia.sons of the year. Though this is a new line 
(aken on by W. B. Belknap & Co., it is one 
A hifli lias developed to considerable propor- 
I ions. 

Their largest increase, however, has been in 
ilie way of builders' hardware, including car- 
penters' tools, etc., and this is just the line in 
which the most imtable ])rogress has been made 
by inventors and mamifacturers. Not only have 




96 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 




the more ordinary grades acquired a much neater finish and more special adaptability to 
their uses, but finer designs are being employed every year on bronze and bronze goods. 
The house has the agency for this part of the country lor the celebrated "Geneva bronze" 
goods, including knobs, butts and sash locks, chain bolts, flush bolts, transom catches, cup- 
board turns, door pulls and drawer pulls, door bells, sash lifts, barrel bolts, shutter bars, 
etc. The use of this finer hardware is calculatsd to beautify the interior, and with its 
growing popularity may be expected a much hirger trade. The mere tact that an ample 
stock of this bronze is carried in Louisville will be an inducement for buyers to investi- 
gate the same before placing orders elsewhere. The Ives improved sash lock may be 
mentioned as a specialty worth the attention of builders. Besides American Screw Com- 
pany's screws, Ohio Tool ■ Company's draw-knives, "blood's" and " Hunt's " hatchets, 
" Black Diamond," "Di^ston," and '-Nicholson" files, the house carries an immense line 
of wire. Among the barbed wire varie- 
ties alone may be mentioned the Iowa, 
for four-point galvanized; the "Oliver" 
twist, barbed and plain ; plain wire, gal- 
vanized and annealed; coppered bed- 
spring wire, Nos. 9 and 10; broom 
wire, wire clothes-line, wire rope, brass, 
copper, and black wire on spools. This latter is especially adapted for retailing. 

In connection with wire, it would not be amiss to mention the agiicultural tools and 
implements which are here in ample supply — shovels, spades, forks, rakes, scythes, wheel- 
barrows, picks, mattocks, etc. Among the specialties in this line may 
be mentioned the water elevator and purifier, in the sale of which the 
finn has had most unqualified success. By aerating the water of the 
cistern the germs are destroyed and the water kept fresh to the taste 
and wholesome. (See illustration.) 

Their sales this year of plow material, including handles, single- 
tiees, clevises, plates and shapes have been tl>e largest in their his- 
toiy. 

"To conclude, we can only sa}' that a glance at their second story, 
where a large wagon and carriage stock is tarried, would coiivince a 
j^ visitor that a good-sized business was represented by this one line 
__ j|— alone. Plotter's enameled cloths, Joy's rubber ducks and drills, 

tef£.iJs}y;5s^R 'ixles, springs, seat springs, clips, " Skelly's " Norway bolts, and all 
j&»=,*A?-.-. ";- J (.|jg tools that pertain to the carriage-maker's shop, form a most at- 
^ tractive collection of goods. The woodwork would make a forest of 
itself if rehabilitated in its natural growth. It includes about a thousand sets of felloes, 
both bent and sawed, shafts, poles, etc. The various grades required by the trade are here 
in abundance. 

The house of itself will amply repay a visit from the buyer. If that is not convenient 
correspondence is solicited, with the assurance that the same will receive the prompt 
and careful attention of Mr. M. B. Belknap, the secretary of the concern, through whose 
hands all of the correspondence must pass. 




THE NOKTH-WESTERX LIFE IXSUKANCE COMPANY, OF 

MILWAUKEE, WIS. 



J. W. Robinson. State Agent, Nos. 449 and 451 West Jefferson Street. 



It may trulj' be said of this company that since its organization, in 1850, it has proven 
a substantial encouragi'r u} industrial and commerc'ial development in the West, North- 
west, and South, and has co::clusively demonstrated that not all the insurance wisdom of 
the age is centered in New England or New York. 

Its success is apparent in the fiict that, commencing in 1859 with risks aggregating 
less than $500,000, it now has over $100,000,000 at risk; and beginning with "^less than 
$10,000 in assets, it now has about $25,000,000, with a surplus over all liabilities of over 
$4,000,000. Its loans, distributed through fourteen "Western and Southern State?, now 
aggregate about $'20,000,000 on real-estate security. 

Thus demonstrated to be a success in its general sphere of usefulness to the public, it 
only remains to add that under the prudent numagement of .VI r. J. W. Robinson, the 



AXD OF NKW ALDA.W, IMjIANA. 



97 



State agent, the prosperity of the North-western Mutual in the city of Louisville and the 
State of Kentucky has not only been larii:!', hut has shown a steady increase from year to 
year. The agency was established in ISlJ.j, and Air. liohitison, who has been with the 
■company about fourteen years, came to Louisville from Indianapolis about eis^ht years 
ago in that interest. He wrote policies aggregating about *»;(H),(K)0 last year.'^and'^ con- 
fidently anticipates reaching fully as large a^ figure in 1880. He is ably seconded in his 
•efforts by Mr. George E. Dilley, the prompt and capable gentleman who for the past 
eight years has officiated in the capacity of cashier of Mr. Robinson's important agency. 



BKIDGEFOKI) & CO. 



James Bridgeford, Presideit : W. L. Bridgeford, Vice-President: A. B. W. A! en. Secretary and Treasurer— Manu- 
facturers of Stoves, Ranges. Tin and Sheet-Iron and Japanned Ware- Sixth Street, between Main and River. 




from time to nine, occn suriiiount«.-ci or removed, and the jiroscnt state 
pects of the stove and range interest are very strong and encouraging 



The unexam- 
pled rapid devel- 
opment of the 
West and South, 
of late years, lias 
given a tremend- 
ous impetus to 
many branches 
of manufacture 
and commerce 
which were for- 
merly controlled 
exclusively by 
the East and 
North. Promi- 
nent among these 
is the trade in 
stoves, ranges, tin 
a id sheet - ii'on 
ware. Hitherto 
tile distance from 
tlie seaboard, dif- 
ficulties and ex- 
pense of trans- 
portation of raw 
material, scarci- 
ty of specially- 
trained mechan- 
ical skill, and, 
above all other 
Co n si derations, 
tlie impossibility 
of obtaining, at a 
reasonable pi'ice, 
Mioldiiig sand of 
ilie right kind — 
ill conspired to 
■ripjile this in- 
lustry and heap 
'bstacles in the 
\ay of its prog- 
ess in this val- 
ley. Happily, 
most of these 
drawbacks liave, 
and future ]iros- 
. The credit for 



98 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

much of this is due to Bridgeford & Co., of Louisville, who, after a course of resolute ex- 
periment, extending over a series of years, recently discovered, near the falls of the Ohio, 
a grade of molding sand in all essentials superior to the celebrated sand found near Al- 
bany, N. Y., and which, up to the past year, was universally employed for the making of 
fine castings. This fortunate hit not only rendered the West independent of the Ea.et in 
this particular, but at once reduced the use of foundry facings seventy-five per ccnt.^ 
and inaugurated a new collateral industry in the mining and shipment of this unrivsiled 
sand to all parts of the country, for use in the making of all kinds ot smooth castinL^s. 
As an immediate consequence, the manufacture of first-class stoves and ranges has ttiken 
a long forward stride, Bridgeford & Co. leading the way with a line of these goods of the 
highest grade, of beautiful finish and superior workmanship, while the prices are remark- 
ably low as compared with those of the same class of gnods of Eastern make. The result 
is, that immense sales are made in many sections hitherto the best markets of the favored 
Eastern manufacturers. Even at their own homes the range and stove makers of Tr^y 
and Albany find a successful rival in Bridgeford & Co., whose goods are profitalily 
handled by such reputable houses as Fuller, Warren & Co., Albany and Cleveland; the 
Michigan Stove Company, of Detroit and Chicago; the Barstow Stove Company, of New 
York and Boston, and manj' other large dealers East, West, North and South. 

The latest and greatest triumph of Bridgeford & Co. was their "Orient" (Franklin 
open fire) heating stove, a beauty of workmanship and a model of usefulness and con- 
venience, patented two j^ears ago, which is of superb design and immensely popular with 
the trade and with the public. It is constructed with rich and elaborate art tile columns 
and nickel trimmings, and the house refers to it as follows: 

"A cheerful fire, perfect combustion, and healthful ventilation are secured in this 
stove. It will be readilj' admitted that the warmth from an open fire is the most genial 
and desirable of any form of artificial heat. In the Orient, we are satisfied we have the 
handsomest, cheapest, and most perfect-operating open stove in the market. By regulat- 
ing the ventilators in lower blowers, fires may be kept all niirht. This stove has a new 
and novel draw blower and is provided with an automatic catch, so that the blower can 
be both raised and lowered by the use of a nickel-plated handle which is furnished with 
each stove. Improved cast sectional back." 

The firm of Bridgeford & Co. was organized in 1880, with a capital, paid up, of 
$200,000. The veteran James Bridgeford, of the original firm ot Wright & Bridgetord, 
established in 1829, is president. It may not be amiss to state that Bridgeford & Co. suc- 
ceeded Wright & Bridgeford in 1861, and successfully conducted the concern until the 
organization of the present co'iipany. Mr. W. L. Bridgeford, the vice-president, has 
been in the same line of business since boyhood, under the most favorable auspices for the 
acquirement of a thorough knowledge of the l)usiness in all its branches. A. B. W. Al- 
len, the capable and enterprising secretary and treasurer, has also been in the same trade 
for many years. 

The foundry, shops and warerooms are very extensive. In the former, eighteen to 
twenty tons of pig iron and other material are daily consumed. Two hundred and fifty 
men are employed. $4,500 a week are dispensed in wages and salaries, and the yearly sales 
average from .i!500,000 to i$G(iO,0()0. As before stated, the trade of the house covers the 
entire field of the United States and Territories, and the goods turned out are unsurpassed 
if rivaled, in all desirable qualities, neatness, durahility, serviceableness, cheapness and 
economy in use. The gresit specialties are hotel and family ranges, cooking and heating 
stoves, of modern pattern and superior make, and for these the demand grows steadily 
and rapidly. 



THEODORE CIMIOTTI & CO., 



Manufacturers of Men's Boots and Shoes, Nos. 308, 310, 312 and 314 Seventh Street. 



No manufacturing industry in Louisville has done more to promote the commercial 
welfare of this section than the shoe factory under consideration. In emancipating the 
South and West from paying tributes to New England, no agency has been more potent 
than the bona fide shoe factories established in the Mississippi and Ohio valleys during the 
past decade. 

With considerable e.xpericnee in this [u-actical industry, Messrs. Theodore Cimiotti and 
John Ruby, constituting the above-nanied firm, established their shoe factory in 1878; and 



AND OP NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



99 



as trade developed, and the pre-eminent superiority of their make of goods became recog- 
nized alike by dealers and wearer?, they ineroased their facilities until now they are able 
to turn out ttiree thousaml pairs of slioes a week. They employ about sixty hands, and 
their constantly-augmenting trade is due to tho^faet that their make of -joods, being at once 
stylish and durable, are especially adapted to the requirements of the Southern and West- 
ern trade; and being so lavorably situated in respect to the consumptive demand, they 
are able to sell their goods upon the closest margins, thus at every point successfully com- 
peting with Eastern-made footwear. Their goods took premiums over all competitors at 
the Southern Exposition. 

Messrs. Theodore Cimiotti & Co. handle their own make of shoes exclusively, and by 
establishing direct relations with retailers save to the latter the jobbers' or midolemen'^ 
profit, while also affording them the advantage of a ready duplicating of their orders at 
the middle or toward the close of each season. Their trade covers all the more important 
points in Kentucky, Indiana and Tennessee, while their traveling salesmen and the mails 
bring numerous orders also from more distant points. 



R. B. COTTER, 

Dealer in Pine and Manufacturer of Hardwood Lumber.— Office, No. 215 Sixth Street, near Main ; Yards, corner 
Brook and Main Streets, and also on Louisville & Nashville and Cliesa,,eake, Oho & South-western Railroads. 




Perhaps of the many industries belonging to a 
great city — industries that unite in swelling her com- 
merce, in employing her labor, in niaUing her a re- 
ceiving and distributing center for a vast tributary 
territoiy — none occupies a wider sphere of usefulness 
relating to the wants of her people or enters more 
largely into the att'airs of every-day life than the one 
aider present consideration. 

Of those engaged in such business most worthy of 
notice in this history of a city's industries is the house 
of R B. Cotter, No. '215 Sixth street, near Main. 
Established in 1882, and with therefore a business 
career ot but little more than four years, it has sup- 
plied a want long felt, and opened up an industry that 
bids fair to surpass any of its rivals. 

One of the most interesting features of Mr. Cotti r's 
business is hiswonuerful sources of supply — owning and operating mills of his own in this 
and adjoining States, one being located at Nelsonville, one twelve miles distant from this 
city, on the Taylorsville turnpike, and one at Boston ; also, a floating mill — "Old Hick- 
ory" — on the Ohio and tributary rivers. This last mentioned forms a very interesting 
part in the season's operations."'? Drawing less than two feet of water, it is enabled to 
navigate the smaller streams, and is })erfectly equipped with all the necessary apparatus 
of both lu>tel and sawmill. But, with all tlie-e sources and agencies of out|nit, sawing 
several million feet per season in order to keep pace with the demand, he contracts lor the 
yearly cuts of several other mills. 

At his yards, situated on Brook and Main streets, also on the Louisville & Nashville, 
and at various points on the Chesapeake, Ohio & South-western railroads, can be found 
always on hand a full supply of pine and hardwood lu.mber, embracing both niediuiu 
qualities and. the most carelully-selected stt)ck. His dealings in these are very extensive, 
shipments being made over the entire countr}', though principally in the North and Ea>t, 
his home patronage also being very large. 

Since first entering this line of business, handling the commodity from which is made 
man's cradle and cotRii, ]Mr Ccjtter's success has bi.-en eminently a deserved one. Receiv- 
ing and shipping vast cargoes of lumber, employing a large force of hands, with a pay- 
roll exceeding $800 per month, possessed of the most ample facilities, with sales the past 
yeiir approximating 10,000,000 feet and the prospect for the present seas(ui seeming to assure 
twice that amount, it represents a leading factt)r in Louisville's industries and commerce. 
Although still a young man, he is well known in cnminercial circles. For nine years 
previous to his starting for himself he was actively engaged in the iron indiwtry. Push, 
enterprise, integrity and close attention to business have given his house a leading place 
in the commercial world. 



100 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



P. J. BOT I'O & CO. 



Manufacturer of Trunks, Traveling Bags, etc., No. 335 Market Street. 



A good trunk is a great desideratum, 
and a traveling-bag that presents a neat 
appearance, and is also durable, is a very 
handy thing to have. 

Delectably conjoining these desirable 
qualities and requirements, the trunks, 
traveling -bags, etc., manufactured by 
P. J. Botto & Co. have always been in 
large demand by the trade. They are 
most extensively sold in the South and 
West, and are popular among those who 
use them 

Mr. Botto has large manufacturing 
facilities, and employs none but skilled 
workmen. Considerable repairing is also 
done at the factory, and Mr. Botto, by his 
energetic and practical business eftorts, 
liMs continually increased the volume of 
liis trade, and is assured a still greater 
measure of prosperity for the future. 
If in 1879, and merits the success that has at- 




His establishment was founded by 
tended it. 



WOOD, RICKMAX & ROY, 



Successors to Geo. F. Wood & Co.— Commission Merchants, Wlioiesale Dealers In Boots and Shoes, No. 513 Main 

Street, between Fifth and Sixth. 



The boot and shoe trade of the South and West is colossal in proportions, and the 
Palls City enjoys a very fair share of its advantages. One of the leading representatives 
of this great interest at this point is the splendid new house of Wood, Rickman & Boy, 
No. 573 West Main street, nortli side, between Fifth and Sixth streets. 

This firm succeeded, on the 1st of last January, to the old and popular house of Geo. 
P. Wood & Co. The members are Mr. Geo. F. Wood, Captain J. N. Rickman, and Mr. 
W. D. Roy. Mr. Wood is probably the oldest wholesale boot and shoe man in Louisville, 
with one exception, having had an active experience of thirty-three years, filling every 
station in the business from clerk to head of firm. He is a Hostonian by birth, but re- 
moved to this city in 1853, engaging at once with the then famous house of L. L. Warren 
& Co., as clerk and salesman, and subsequently as partner. In 1864, he engaged in business 
for himself, and from that time to this has been constantly a prominent figure in the whole- 
sale shoe trade, first as senior partner of Wood & Spelger, then in 1867, of Geo. F. Wood 
& Co., wholesale boots and shoes, changed in 1874 to auction and commission boots and 
shoes, and the business style of firm changed to Geo. F. Wood & Co. While at the head 
of that house he acted in the capacity of aucti(meer, crying his own sales, and making a 
success in that branch of the business. In 1874 the house <Sf Geo. F. Woods & Co., also 
Avholesale dealers in boots and shoes. No. 625 Main street. Mr. Wood's recollections of 
Louisville's past are very interesting, indeed. He has witnessed her extension south from 
Broadway, and west from Twelfth street, and the growth of her population from about 
45,000 to nearly 160,000. Naturally of a robust constitution, he so severely taxed his lungs 
while acting as auctioneer as to necessitate rest and a tedious course of medical treatment. 
To-daj' he is the picture of health, a hale, hearty, frank, and genial man. whom it is a 
pleasure to know, and who bids fair to enjoy many additional years of useful and honor- 
able business life. 

Captain J. M. Rickman is a Tennessean, ar.d came to Louisville in 1865, since which 
time he has actively engaged in mercantile pursuits on Main street. His natural capacity, 
great energy and large experience fit him in an eminent degree for the work which falls 
to him in his new connection. That he will acquit liimself with credit to himself and his 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



101 



house goes without sayincj. He has a very wide and valuable acquaintance with Soutlieni 
morchiiiits, is popular with all classes, and has a splendid career before him. 

The junior partner, Mr. W. D. Roy, is a Mississippian, was for nine years book-keeper 
for L L. Warren & Co., mentioned above, and has charuje of the counting-room i>f the 
present firm. This is his first venture as a proprietor, but with his advantage of exper- 
ience, fixed business habits and upright character he can not fail to make his mark in 
Louisville mercantile circles. 

The building occupied by Messrs. Wood, Rickman & Roy is a very convenient and 
commodious one, 2G feet front, 180 feet deep, and three well-lighted floors for the exhibition 
and sale of goods. The house handles the best products ot Eastern and Northern manu- 
facturers; also interested in manufacturing city-made goods of tlie finest grades, includ- 
ing coarse and tine work for men, ladies', misses', and children's fine and medium goods, 
and offers unusually liberal inducements to the Southern trade. 



3ICCORIVITCK HARV ESTING 3IACHINE CO. 



Robert Newton. Slate Agent, No. 208 and 210 First Street. 




1 h t 1 1 il 1 I L I lit 1 il I 1 I ti \ n td ui c l\ be t >ld 

that the .\lcCormick iiarvestuig Aiacnuie (jompiiny, oi i^nicago, wnose extensive works 
are above illustrated, is, in respect to annual output and sales, the largest in the world. 
Upward of 54,000 of these very superior machines are annually made by the company, 
and the branch office here located, and under the experienced management of Mr. Robert 
Newton, annually disposes of about 3,000. In all, seventy-five branch houses are main- 
tained by the company in various parts of the world, and upwards of 2,000 skilled hands 
are employed at the works. 

As evidence that the McCormick Harvesting Machine and its makers are appreciated 
abroad, as well as throughout America, it may be stated that to the extraordinary dis- 
tinction of the Cross of the Legion of Honor awarded Hon. Cyrus H. McCormick, at the 



102 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

Paris Exposition ot 1867, was added, in 1878, the decoration of Officer of the Legion of 
Honor, Mr. McCormick thus obtaining a recognition greater than thjit accorded any in- 
ventor of the age, and it may he further stated that the records show this machine to have 
been uniformly successful over all competitois, whether exhibited at world's lairs, exposi- 
tions, or international tield trials, as is evidenced bj- numerous gold and silver diplomas, 
and other awards now in possession ot the company. 

The State agency in Louisville, which has been remarkably successful and prosper- 
ous, was established in 1874. The company, during the past year, have purchased a site 
at 208 and lilO First street, and erected their own warehouse, and have, probably, the 
best-arranged implement house south of the Ohio river. 



GEO. GET^FIUS, 



Dealer in Fancy Groceries, Swiss, Limburg and Sap Sago Cheese, Holland Herrings and Salt Sardells.— No. 302 
West Market Street, between Third and Fourth Avenues. 



The rapid increase of the foreign-born population, bringing with them the tastes, man- 
ners and customs of their respective countries, necessitates the establishment at convenient 
business centers of depots of supplies devoted to gratifying the alimentary preferences im- 
bibed in infancy beyond seas. Hence, the great impoi'ting grocery houses of the seaboard 
cities and their scarcely less extensive representatives in the interior. The great house of 
Geo. Gelfius, No. 802 West Market street, is a case in point. It was establi.-hed on a 
moderate scale in 1862, and met with immediate favor, gradually increasing its importa- 
tions and adding to its facilities until now it is the largest concern of the kind in the iiiland 
South. 

The firm was originally A. & G. Gelfius, but is now in the hands of Geo. Gelfius alone, 
whose energy and business talents are fully equal to its management. The building, oc- 
cupied exclusively by Mr. Gelfius, is 30 feet front, 150 feet deep, and three stories high, and 
stocked from cellar to roof with a varied and carefully-selected line of American and 
foreign fancy groceries, embracing extra brands of Swiss, Limlairg and Sap Sago cheese, 
Htilland herrings, salt sardells, Kussian sardines, pickled eels. Caviar, French aiid German 
ii'ustard, anchovies, dried pears and cherries, oatmeal, farina, tapioca, sago, barley, lentils, 
green kern,whol(^ and split peas, genuine Lotzbach snutf, and, in sliort, every articlecalled 
lor that will tickle the foreign appetite or minister to the imported stomach's cr.tvings. 

Mr. Gelfius' sales average about .'¥40,000 a yenr, and are principally made in Louisville, 
Jeftersonville and New Albany, though he ships to other points when desired. He is a 
stirring business man, was formerly a liquor merchant, and is a native of Hesse-Darm- 
8tadt. 



WILLIAM C. CAYE & CO., 



Auctioneers and Commission {Merchants in Boots, Shoes, Brogans and Slippers, No. 623 West IMain Street. 



Louisville may rightfully boast of the character and extent of her boot and shoe trade. 
Probably no other market in the West — certainly none in the South — handles so great a 
* share of this valuable class of goods, or reaps from it more substantial advantages. Nor 
is it entirely owing to her geographical position — though that doubtless has its influence — 
that this is so. The most iinportiint and beneficent factor in the matter is the ]iersonal 
and business standing of her merchants — a lofty plane of good repute for fair dealing and 
correct representation only attained by a steady and undeviating pursuit of honomble 
methods during a long series of years, and in the face of many obstacles and much 
rivalry. 

The auction and commission boot and shoe house of W^illiam C. Caye & Co., No. 623 
"West Main street, presents an excellent illustration of how a good reputation, once secured, 
clings to its owners and rewards with success all after efl'orts. 

Mr. Caye began his mercantile career at the age of eighteen, when he became a clerk 
in the grocery house of Gardner & Miller, on Main ,«treet, at a salary of five dollars per 
week. The possessor of native tact, ability and industry, Mr. Caye availed himself of 
opportunities as they presented, husbanded his resources of health and means, cultivated 
his best qualities, and eventually found himself book-keeper for, and later a partner in, the 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 103 



formerly well-known boot and shoe house of George F. Wood & Co., where he mastered 
all the details of the trade. Upon withdrawing from that firm he established himself in 
tlu' same line of business at No. 6"JS West Mn\n strei-t, the venture proving successful 
from the .^tiirt; so much so that in order to secure proper facilities for the accommodation 
(if iiis rapidly-Hugmenting trade, he was forced to remove, in •luly, 1884, to his present 
location, No. 054 Main street, where he has the advantage of largely-increased space, 
better light, more storage capacity, more convenient salesrooms, and, in short, much im- 
proved facilities in every waj'. 

Mr. Caye is, in the best sense of the word, a self-made man, and he has made a good 
job of it. His standing as citizen and merchant is A 1, and in every transaction his word 
is as good as his bond. 

The pn-sent house of William C. Caye & Co. are auctioneers of and commission mer- 
chants in fine, niedium, and coarse boots and shoes, brogans and slippers, handling immense 
■con?igninents of all grades suitable for this market. Monday and Thursday of each week 
are devoted to regular auction sales, while Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday are 
set apart for private sales to country merchants, who on those days crowd the estahlish- 
ment in search of bargains, which they always find. The entire building, eighteen by 
■one hundred and twenty-five feet, and four stories high, presents a scene of eager activity 
■during business hours ai all seasons. The sales to local dealers, and to the trade in Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee and Indiana, aggregate $150,000 per annum, and will go far beyond 
those figures the present year. The house is a creditable one to Louisville and to the 
■enterprise of its originator, and deserves the increased success it is sure to win. 



D. FRAXTZ & SOXS, 
Tanners of Oak Sole-Leather, Corner of Franklin and Buchanan Streets. 



In oak sole-leather tanning Louisville has a reputation second to no market in the 
world, and this is largely due to the energy and enterprise of leading houses here, like 
that of D. Frantz & Sons, whose efforts for nearly a quarter of a centur}- have been solely 
and vigorously directed toward the development of that interest. 

Yet the establishment dates even further'baclv in its commercial and industrial history. 
It was founded in 1848 as a branch of the Cincinnati house of A. M. Taylor & Co., and 
the subsequent firm changes were to Thomas Peterman & Co. and H. W. Taylor & Co. 
In 1863 the present firm acquired the proprietorship, and in its hands it has enjoyed a 
prosperous career, althouLch at times the tanning trade in general has suflered depre.'-sion 
from over-production, necessitating at times a curtailment in output. In its perso>iHel, 
too, the eslabli-hment has quite an interesting history. The honored head of the firm, 
Mr. D. Frantz, who has now nearly' reached the limit of four-score years, and is yet in 
vigorous health and enabled to give attention to business afl^airs, commenced acquirin<' 
knowledge of tanning as early as in his sixteenth year. His two sons and partners, D. 
Frantz, jr., and George W. Frantz, learned the business under his direction, and are 
admitted to bo greatly skilled therein. The elder of the two was prominently identified 
with the organization of the Natiotuil Tanners' Hide and Leather Dealers' Association, 
an organization of great usefulness to the trade at large, and the latter, George VV., was 
elected Chief of the Louisville Fire Department in 1876, and served so efficiently that 
nuich popular regret was expressed when the cares of his constantly-increasing business 
necessitated his refusal of a second term. 

Messrs. Frantz & Sons manufacture exclusively oak-tanned sole-leather, and their 
product is sold throughout the country. At the recent World's Exposition at New 
Orleans its excellent qualities were so clearly demonstrated that it took the first premium 
over vii^orous competition from all parts of the coniinent. The firm has agencies at Chi- 
cago and New Orleans, and through the latter market imports large supplies of superior 
Texas hides. While the sales of the firm are largely in the South, they are not confined 
to that section, customers being found in all parts of the country, and even in foiei;;n 
lands, so that the house has a commercial standing and a repute throughout the trade at 
large befitting an establishment with so long and honorable a business record. The 
breadth of its operations entitles it t* national consideration. 

Of the manufacturing facilities and the tannery it rtiay he said that the latter is run 
by steam, employs twenty-five operatives, and has a working capicity of about ten thou- 
sand hides yearly. The buildings are extensive, and fitted up with all the appliances 



104 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

adapted to the production of first-class leather. The ingenuity and mechanical geniu' of 
the firm is further evidenced in the construction and use of a furnace for spent tan, thus- 
largely reducing the cost of fuel. No house has a more honorable record among its cus- 
tomers, and none enjoys greater popularity than the extensive establishment of D. Fr^ntz. 
& Sons. 



BANK OF KENTUCKY. 



Incorporated 1834— Capital, $1,645,100— Thomas L. Barret, President; F. 0. Anderson, Casliier; E. W. Hays,^ 
Assistant Casliier— No. 241 West IVIain Street. 



In all the history of Kentucky banking no institution presents so extended a record of 
upright and honorable dealing as the Bank of Kentucky. Chartered in 1834 as the im- 
mediate and legitimate successor of the Louisville branch of the United States Baiik^ 
occupying the handsome building erected for that once-famous bank, and assuming ita 
mantle of prestige and popularity, the Bank of Kentucky at once became one ot the most 
implicitly trusted and most generously patronized fiduciary agents in the South-west,, 
wielding wisely and well a power and influence in monetary aflfairs second to that of few, 
if any, similar institutions on this continent. 

There is a wfll-defined feeling of satisfaction among the citizens of Louisville with the 
past and present of this great bank, which for more than half a century has been a bul- 
wark of strength and security to the commerce and industries of the city, meeting and 
outriding in triumph ever}- vicissitude — panics, business depression, even civil war and 
the revolution of financial methods — unharmed and reinvigorated by trials under which 
the former banking system of the country crumbled and fell in one common ruin. The 
reason is not far to seek nor difficult to find. Under no circumstances and at no time has 
the Bank of Kentucky embarked in dangerous ventures or dabbled in doubtful schemes. 
Not a breath of su'^picion has ever tainted its methods. It has stood faithfullj', first and 
last, the firm friend and munificent backer of Louisville enterprise, Louisville men, and 
Louisville interests. From the first its officials and directory have been selected from the 
most active, energetic, and patriotic of her representative citizens, and no eflFort has been 
spared to cultivate the confmerce, develop the resources, and extend the influence of city 
and State. The assistance rendered in the matter of loans to public enterprises, the 
moral and personal support given to the municipality and tlie Commonwealth in times of 
need, can never be estimated, for they have been spread over along and eventful series of 
years, the records and annals of which, their trials, troubles and triumphs, have been lost. 

Yet the Bank of Kentucky stands to-da}- more powerful than ever, a monument to the 
public spirit and executive ability, the high character and financial talent that have at 
all times stood at the helm and directed its course. The latest statement of its aflTaiis, 
made January 4, 1886, shows how tlie books stood December 31st previous, viz : Resources 
— Bills of exchange, $2,881,581.29; bonds, stocks, etc., 173,415.76; real estate for debt, 
$79,030.05; real estate for banking houses, $35,000; bank balances other than Eastern, 
$154,570.85; cash, $262,940.86; ea.stern exchange, $222,563.11 ; total, $3,710,001.92. Lia- 
bilities — Capital stock, $1,645,100; contingent lund, *74,000; fund to cover lo.sses, $538,- 
336.36; profit and loss, $218,121.36; dividends payable on demand, $76,256.36; due de- 
positors, $753,058.71 ; due banks, $369,649.13; fund to redeem circulation, j-35,480; total. 
$3,710,001.92. These figures speak for themselves, and furnish the best possible proof 
of the old Gibraltar's continued integrity and solidity. 

The board t>f directors embraces the subjoined list of prominent and successful busi- 
ness and professional men : Thomas L. Barret, vice-president of the Louisville Gas 
Company, director of the Southern Mutual Life Insurance Company, and of the Frank- 
lin Insurance Company; J. M. Atherton, of the J. M. Atherton Company; A. H. Bar- 
ret, engineer of the Louisville Gas Company ; John A. Carter, of Carter Bros. & Co.; W". 
H. Dulaney, capitalist; H. M. Griswold, of John P. Morton & Co.; J. K. Goodloe, of 
Goodloe & Roberts, attorneys; George W. Morris, president of Lovusville Gas Company, 
Indiana Cotton Mill Company, and Franklin Insurance Company. 

As before stated, the building occupied was originally erected for the branch Bank of 
the United States. It is a handsome and commodious edifice, fronting 85 feet on Main 
street with a depth of 190 feet, and is fitted up in the most elegant and substantial man- 
ner, within and without. The Louisville Clearing-house occupies the directors' room^ 
thus affording unusual facilities for the transaction of business. 



AND OP NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



105 



KENTUCKY LEA.I> AND OIL COMPANY. 



L. Leonard, President; R. P. Cane, Secretary— Corroders and Manufacturers of Strictly Pure White Uad, Red 
Lead. Lead Pipe, Ear and Sheet Lead— Ninth and Water Streets. 




Founded more than twenty years ago, this corporation, on account of its ample^re- 
sources, the magnitude of its .manufacturing facilities, and the purity of its productions, 
no less than the large extent of their sale, has always commanded a leading position 
among the industries and commercial concerns of Louisville and the South. Its trade is 
conceded to be far larger than that of any other establishment of like character south of 
the Ohio river, whether considered in respect to territorial extent of trade or quantity of 
production and sale. Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee and other Southern States^are sup- 
plied from these works with white lead, red lead, litharge (guaranteed to be absolutely 
pure), lead pipe, bar and sheet lead. Indeed, the company officially offers to pay $100 per 
keg and the cost of analj'sis if any adulteration be found in its productions. The'products 
of this company are highly commended by shot manufiicturers elsewhere. \^*"' \ 

President Leonard and Secretary Cane, the executive officers of the company,''are old 
and well-known residents, of acknowledged business abilitj' and experience in this line, 
and further distinguished for public spirit and enterprise in the greatest degree. 



THE GERMAN BANK. 



P. Viglinl, President: J. L. Deppen, Vice-President: H. C. Walbecl<, Cashier— Capital Stock, $188,400— Corner 

Fifth and IVIarl<et Streets. 



The conservative yet enterprising spirit of the German finds no more congenial field 
than in banking and insurance. That they are eminently successful as well as safe finan- 
ciers is sufficiently proven by the fact that the failure of an institution presided over and 
conducted by them is an almost unheard-of event. 

The German Bank of Louisville is an instance in point. Operating under a State 
charter granted in 1809 to the German Bank and Insurance Company (since made distinct 
institutions), with a capital stock of $188,400, held by the leading and most substantial 
German business men in the city, the career of this bank has been one of unvarying and 
marked prosperity under all conditions. 

The German Bank does a regular and legitimate banking business in all that the terni 
implies, embracing deposits, loans, collections, exchange, etc. As an evidence of its popu- 
larity and the confidence reposed in the management, it may be stated here that the av- 
erage annual deposits amount to $1,060,000, loans and discounts footing up $069,875.77. 
The last statement, December 31, 1885, shows: Assets, loans, and discounts, $969,875.77; 
real estate and office fixtures, $85,749.11; bonds and stocks (market value, $83,400), 
$75,849.88; due from bank.s, $12,945.67; cash on hand, $155,859.86. Total, $1,300,280.'29. 
Liabilities— Capital stock, $188,400; deposits, $1,068,842.20; surplus fund, $35,294.03; 
dividends unpaid, $208; dividend No. 21, four per cent., $7,530. Total, $1,300,280.29. 
This is a showing of which the institution has good reason to be proud. 

The directory is first-class in ever}' respect, the gentlemen composing it representing 
the solid and responsible element of the business community. The names are as follows: 
P. Viglini, J. L. Deppen, George MuUikin, George Wolf, L. C. Wolfolk, John Franz- 
mann, and Harry Bishop. The German Bank has a magnificent future in prospect. 

8 



lOG THE IXDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



DAVIS, MALI^ORY & CO., 



Wholesale Dealers In Dry Goods, Notions and Fancy Goods, Nos. 715 to 717 West Main Street. 



More than half a century ago this house began its business career, which has been an 
honor to its successive proprietors and a leading factor in giving standing to Louisville as 
a commercial center. 

It was a comparatively small beginning, that of Robert Jarvis, James Trabue and 
Hayden T. Curd, who founded the establishment in 1835, but Louisville was then a com- 
paratively small Ohio river town, and the growth of the house since has more than kept 
pace with the city's development in general. The junior of the original firm retiring in 
1811, the designation was changed to Jarvis & Trabue, and later still there were changes 
to Jarvis, Trabue & Co., and James Trabue & Co. Mr. W. A. Davis, the senior of the 
present house, was a member of the firm even at this early day, and, other partners also 
having entered, the designation became Trabue, Davis «& Co. in 1868, and so remained up 
to the retirement of James Trabue in 1875, when the firm name became Davis, Trabue & 
Co., the second member of the firm being Richard Trabue, and the third S. T. Mallory. 
In 1882 the present style was adopted, the partners then and at present being AY. A. Davis 
and S. T. Mallory. 

During these years so briefly reviewed the facilities of the house and its trade contin- 
uously increased. The premises occupied by the firm at 715 and 717 West Main street are 
at once spacious and convenient. The building is a large and roomy four-story structure, 
and is at all times filled with a carefully-selected and exceedingly varied stock of dry 
goods, notions and fancy goods, secured from first hands in this country and in Europe. 

Realizing the advantages offered b}' the firm, and recognizing its ample resources and 
approved business methods, leading dealers throughout Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, 
Mississippi, Arkansas and other Southern States so largely patronize the house that it 
keeps the experienced oflSce force, consisting of fifteen, quite busy in handling orders and 
billing goods. 

Having the prestige of age and large trade popularity, and recognized as being con- 
ducted by a firm of great enterprise and managing ability, the house must continue lo 
command a position of great importance to the trade and commerce of Louisville and the 
South. 



H. F. TISS3IAN & CO., 



Pork and Beef Packers; Manufacturers of all kinds of Sausage— Packing House, Story Avenue and Buclianan 
Street— Stall No. 18, Second Street Market. 



In these days of deleterious adulteration in food products it is more than incumbent 
upon the reviewer of a city's industries and commerce to note the presence, in Louisville, 
of an extensive establishment that, commencing by carefully selecting and slaughtering 
its own cattle and hogs, maintains the same standard of purity and excellence through all 
the processes of curing and packing beef and pork and manufacturing sausage meat. 

Such an establishment is that of H. F. Vissman & Co., which was founded in 1871 by 
Louis Bells, and passed under its present proprietary control four years later. The firm, 
which is composed of H. F. Vissman, Henry Vissmsui, and Win. A. Fritton, is greatly to 
be commended for the honorable character and completeness of its business methods. Its 
works ft)r the manufacture of sausages are situated near the stock yards, and the firm 
si lughters its own hogs, from 800 to 1,000 a week in number. In like manner the cattle, 
in large numbers, are dispo.sed of, the slaughter-house of the firm being quite extensive. 
This convincir.g assurance that no "down cattle" or inferior stock are utilized is a strong 
point with dealers and consumers in favor of the firm, especially as the same care is exer- 
cised in curing and packing pork, beef, bacon, lard, etc. About forty hands are con- 
stantly employed in the work. 

The specialty of the house is the curing, of the celebrated " Derby Ham." a toothsome 
luxury known the world over, and this and the other productions of the firm are sold all 
over the country, the home trade being especially large. The prosperity of H. F. Viss- 
man & Co. is eminently deserved. 



AND OF NEW ALBANt, INDIANA. 



107 



J. L. liOISFOKI) A: CO., 






111*""' 



__ a a 



APPLES POTATOES 8. Etc 



1 1 I 



BUTTERano CHEESE 



General Produce and Fancy Groceries, No. 341 West Main St. 




For twenty? years, iiearlj-, this firm has been a 
li-ading one in its line in respect to the produce 
trade of Louisville and the entire South. It was 
established under the present firm name in 1807, by 
J. L. and T. G. Botsford, and although the latter 
died four or five years ago, the time-honored trade 
designation is retained. 

The house, while largely handling fancy groceries, 
makes a specialtj- of butter and cheese, and also de- 
votes considerable attention to foreign and domestic 
fruit-s. The premises of the firm are capacious and 
well adapted to the business, and to the carrying of 
a large stock, whicli is promptly received from pro- 
ducers direct. Traveling salesmen are employed and 
assist much in developing additional trade through- 
out the South and South-west. The management 
of the house is characterized by energj', enterprise 
and public si)irit of the highest order, and the firm 
is a favorite one in trade circles. 



A. BOOTH & SONS, 



Packers of " Oval ' and 



Diamond " Brand Oysters. Wh3lesale and Retail Dealers in Fish, Game. Poultry, 
Celery, etc., Nos. 300 tj 310 Third Street. 



A. Booth & Sons, of Baltimore, Chicago, and San Francisco, are the largest packers 
of oysters and fish in the world. Besides the three main supplj- depots mentioned, they 
have various brancli houses, at St. Louis, Minneapolis, St. Paul, Indianapolis and Pitts- 
burgh; at Astoria, Oregon, devoted to the canning of salmon ; at Collinsville, Cal., and 
Escanaba, fruit; at Bayfield and Washburn, fish. 

The house here, employing a force of nearly twenty hands, under the excellent man- 
agement of Mr. James K. Davidson, is in a most flourishing condition, and occupies the 
large and commodious quarters from 300 to 310 Third street. The concern was originally 
established as long ago as ISoO, by William Sowders, conducted after his deathby his 
widow, and bought out by Messrs.' Booth & Sons in 1883. 

The " Oval " and " Diamond '" brands of oysters packed by them have an excellent 
reputation in this vicinity, and the annual sales of all goods handled by the firm here 
aggregate about $150,000. 

In addition to the great specialtj'^ of oysters, the house handles immense quantities of 
fish, game, celery and other dainties, always carrying the most complete stock of these 
in their season. Their sources of supply being unlimited, and under the supervision 
of Mr. David-son. the capable and energetic manager, who has been engaged in this 
same line for fifteen years, the house has received a flattering share of confidence and 
patronage. 



108 THE -INDlJ^TRIES OF LOUISVUJ-E 



AKTHUll PETER & CO., 



Wholesale Druggists and Importers, Nos. 716 and 718 West Main Street— Established 1817. 

How largely the wholesale drug business has contributed to the commercial rank of 
Louisville is set forth in that portion of this work devoted to trade statistics. It is 
therein shown how vast and important an industry this is. But here it is our purpose 
to set forth more in detail the elements that have brought about the satisfactory showing 
referred to. 

The oldest house engaged in the wholesale drug line and importing is that of Arthur 
Peter & Co., which was founded as far back as 1817, by Daniel Wilson. Its early history, 
and the business methods incident to pioneer times, would be interesting to recount, but 
a commercial review must needs deal chiefly with the present. The establishment is 
probably the oldest in its line in the United States. In the lapse of time, covering con- 
siderably more than a single lifetime, many changes in the firm necessarily took place, 
but the present energetic proprietors acquired control in 1870, when attention was exclu- 
sively devoted to wholesaling and importing. 

The house manufactures extracts, elixirs, and all pharmaceutical preparations. Among 
its specialties is the "syrup of roborans," a strengthening preparation for consumptives, 
which is held in great esteem by the profession, and has met with a very lai-ge sale in 
drug-stores throughout the country. The trade of the hou.se extends throughout Ken- 
tucky, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Texas and Mississippi, and is con- 
stantly increasing. The members of the firm are active, energetic and experienced, and 
in commercial circles the house is one of eminent distinction and deservedly successful. 



A. ENGELHARD, 



Wholesale Grocer and Liquor Dealer, No. 213 West Main Street. 



The head of this well-known house emigrated to this country, from Germany, in 1849. 
Three years later he came to Louisville, and his business sagacity speedily determining 
the advantages of this city as a trade center, he embarked in the wholesale grocery and 
liquor trade in 1855. 

Thus, for more than thirty years, Mr. Engelhard has been prominently identified with 
the commercial interests of Louisville, and, as the reward of his enterprising efforts, his 
general trade, which covers not only the city, but a large extent of tributary territory as 
well, has steadily grown, from year to year, in volume and profit. The premises occu- 
pied by the house, in the very center of the leading wholesale thoroughfare of the city, 
are unusually spacious and well adapted to the purpose, comprising, as they do, a four- 
story building 200 feet deep. A large stock of first-class goods is kept constantly on 
hand, and the house is a very popular one with customers. 



WM. HOPKINS, 



Manufacturer of Linings, Roans and Pad Skins; Dealer in Pulled Wool— No. 12 Buchanan Street. 

Nearly half a century ago this house took its rise, being founded as early as 1840 by 
Jonathan Barnes. In 1856 Wm. Hopkins, the present enterprising proprietor, was ad- 
mitted to partnership, the firm then becoming Barnes & Hopkins. It so remained up to 
1872, when by the decease of the founder Mr. Hopkins became the sole proprietor, and 
has since conducted the business in his own name. 

The house has a standing throughout the South and West befitting one with an hon- 
Qrable business record of so long a period. With a capacity for tanning 125,000 sheep 
skins yearly; with ample manufacturing facilities, and experienced operatives numbering 
35; with wealth, influence and trade repute, gained by honorable business methods, and 
producing excellent goods only, Mr. Hopkins' establishment is deservedly prosperous and 
bids fair so to continue without limit. In his specialty for morocco and sheep skins, and 
in his dealings in pulled wool, his trade is very extensive in volume and constantly in- 
creasing in territorial extent. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



109 



E. C. GEORGE, 



Wholesale Dealer in Kentucky Whiskies, No. 128 Second, Main and Water Streets. 



Perhaps no bouse in the country has a larger and wider reputation in connection with 
the blending of whiskies than that of E. C. George, a three-story building, 20x1*20 feet, on 
Second, Main and Water streets. 

Mr. George, who had previously cnjoj'^ed large business experience in Eastern trade 
centers — including a membership in the New York Stock Exchange for twelve years — 
catne to Louisville in 1874, and has since been engaged in distilling and wholesaling fine 
Kentucky whiskies; in particular maintaining a special blending department for the re- 
haTidling of Bourbon and rye whiskies. 

llis special brands are tlie " E. C. George " Bourbon and rye, handled in the Eastern 
market, and the " Argonaut," exclusively west of the llocky mountains. The publishers 
of this present work, in connection with their commercial reviews of the Pacific coast, had 
tlic'ir observation drawn to the extensive sales of these productions in that section ; and 
this trade, as well as the business of the house in general, is continuously increasing in 
volume and in territorial extent. 

Mr. George was with the Army of the Potomac during the war, and prior to coming 
here had long resided in New Hampshire — his native State — and in New York and 
"Washington. He is enterprising, energetic, capable and successful in the prosecution of 
his business. 



THE KENTUCKY OAK TANNING COMPANY. 



Gotlleb Layer, President: Adam Schuster, Secretary and Treasurer; L. Ruthenburg, Superintendent— No. 1413 

Calhoun Street. 




No tanner\^ establishment in the country enjoys larger reputation for the excellence of 
its oak-tanned product thnn that of this corporation which was organized in 1879. 

With a large building and other facilities for the purpose, the company devotes its at- 
tention to the tanning of fine harness leather practically exclusively, although a small 
quantity of sole leather is occasionally produced in order to work up stock. The tannery 
h^ a capacity equal to 30,000 hides a year, and forty hands are employed in the produc- 
tion of the fine harness leather which has given to the company its pre-eminent reputation 
throughout the trade. 

The executive officers of the companj', named above, are of large practical experience 
in tanning, and tiiis, with ample capital and facilities, constitutes a reason for the success 
of the enterprise. 



110 



THF3 INDUSTRIES OF I^OTriPVILI.E 



CHILTON, GUTHRIE & CO., 



Manufacturers of Trunks, Valises and Bags— Salesroom, No. 522 West Main Street: Branch House, No. 409 
Fourth Avenue: Factory, Twenty-fourth and Main Streets. 




Perhaps no hoiife in Louisville engaged in any branch ot manufacture is so well 
known through its wares to the general public as that which heads this account of a 
profitable industry. The trunks and valises manufactured by Chilton, Guthrie & Co. are 
sold, carried and borne in sixteen States of the Union, and in the Eepublic of Mexico. 

Founded in 1869 by Stratton, Snodgrass & Co., the firm name underwent several 
changes until 1874, when the firm became Chilton, Guthrie & Co., and is now composed 
of John L. Chilton, a member of the original firm, Mrs. D. A. Guthrie, widow of A. I. 
Guthrie, who up to the time of his death, in 1883, was a member of the tirm, and her son, 
James G. Guthrie. The practical and enterprising character of the active members of 
the firm has greatly advanced the interests of the house from year to year, until it now 
owns, controfs and operates the largest trunk factory south of the Ohio. In this a hun- 
dred hands are constantly employed, and the f\icilities include every modern convenience 
for turning out work satisfactorily and well. The firm manufactures a patent three-ply 
4;runk-top, which is in great favor\vith the trade, and handles the great variety of goods of 
its own make, both in ils extensive salesrooms, at No. 522 Main street, and at the Branch 
house, No. 409 Fourth avenue. The establishment is a credit to Louisville and the South, 
and its prosperity is due to vigorous, enterprising management, and such thorough knowl- 
edge of the business as results in the manufacture of the best class of goods, and the sale 
of the same upon the closest margin of profit. 



DUPONT & CO., 



Manufacturers and Dealers in Paper— Mills, Tenth and Monroe Streets ; Office and Warehouse, Nos. 224 and 

226 Sixth Street. 



The oldest, and perhaps most extensive, house here in the paper trade is that of Dupont 
& Co., established in 1846. Geo. D. Prentice was interested when the mills were first put 
up, since when there have been several changes of firm — first, in 1844, to C. I. & A. V. 
DuPont, then in 1857, to A. V. DuPont & Co., and later, in 1872, upon the retiracy of A. 
V. DuPont & Brother, the present firm name, DuPont & Co., was adopted. 

The mills, located at Tentii and ]\Ionroe streets, are three stories in height, cover 200 x 
200 feet of ground, and are completely equipped with every convenience and a fine plant 
of improved machinery, embracing nine steam engines, fourteen rag engines, two Jordan 
engines, and three paper machines of the latest pattern and large capacity. The great 



iXD OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



Ill 



specialitj' is superior news paper, and the trade is principally West, though there is a good 
local marki-t lor their goods. These are among the oldest paper mills in the Olii" valley, 
and, with improvements and enlargements recently completed, among the most e>tensive. 

The office and vvarerooms are located in the handsome live-story stone front Iniilding N< s. 
224 and 220 Sixth street, between Main and Market, where the five large floors. 3G x 180 
feet, and basement, furnish ample accommodations for the storage of an immense stock of 
uaper of all kinds, and the shi|>ment of orders. 

The members of the firm are Messrs. Edgar Hounsfield, F. Lammot, and V. Dupont. 
With large experience, a thorough knowledge of the trade and its wants, and every facil- 
ity for the saii-factory filling of orders, the outlook for a steady and healthy increase of 
business is excellent. 



LOUrSVlLLE BANKING COMPANY. 



Theodore Harris. President; J. E. Sutcliffe. Vice-President; John H. Leathers, Cashier-Capital, $250,000 
Surplus. $300,000 ; Average Deposits, $1,000,000— North-east Corner of Fifth and Warket Streets. 




The time was when the national banking system 
gave great advantages over the State. That time 
has passed. The advantage is now with the State 
bank. All national banks are required by law to 
inve.<t a certain amount in United States bonds; but 
' four-per-cent. bonds maturing in twenty-one years, 
:uid bought at twenty-six per cent, above their par 
value, can not be a desirable investment. In this 
■ particular the State bank has the advantage. Nor 
j) do its advantages end there. National banks are 
forbidden to lend upon real estate security, State 
banks not being thus circumscribed — while, as a 
matter of fact, they, like the Nationals, do not lend 
upon real estate, yet, having power to do so, they 
may take real estate as an underlying security for 
\ the" ordinary commercial paper discounted by them 
%" from day to day. Probably this is not olten done, 
but it may be, and sometimes is; and thus an impor- 
tant additional security is acquired in case of need. 
,„.,.™.i, . '^; Whatever the reast>n be, whether because of the 
if 1 1 i ' ''t^afeffi advantages that thinking people see the State sys- 
--g-r-^- — -^y^ tern has "over the National, or for other reasons, cer- 
^£_ir~^^_ tain it is the State banks of Louisville have a full 
share of business and of public confidence. Of no 
one of them is this more true than of the Louisville Banking Company, now in the twen- 
tieth year of its existence. Beginning a small institution, Tittle by little it has grown in 
wealth and credit, until now its business is coextensive with the Union, and its stock com- 
mands a higher price than that of any other bank, State or National, in Kentucky. Its 
board of directors is made up of strong and sagacious men. Its president and vice-presi- 
dent have been long identified with it; and though its cashier has been connected with 
it for a short time only, he is widely known throughout the State as former Grand Master 
of the Grand Lodge of Mason-, and elsewhere through his firm of Tapp, Leathers & Co. 
The Louisville Banking Company makes a specialty of commercial paper; that is, of 
trade paper, paper resulting from actual sales of merchandise. It invites the business 
of merchants and manufacUirers who wish to discount that kind of paper, but does not 
invite the business of those who wish to borrow upon indorsements only, no matter how 
good those indorsements may be. They think the mission of the bank is to go between 
the buyer and the seller, and give the s-eller money for the buyer's notes, thereby helping 
him to buy and sell again. Upon this principle the smallest manufacturer may keep on 
making and selling, supplied by them with money, provided only he obtains notes for 
what is sold, while the richest man might be denied the smallest loan unless he held col- 
lateral. It is said that on this principle the history of banking since ever it was known 
reveals no instance of insolvency. If this be so, the principle is worth adhering to. 

What this little giant, the Louisville Banking Company, with its extensive corre- 
spondence in Europe and America, may ultimately become in business grandeur, vo 
sometimes wonder, and certainly shall look to see. This bank issues letters of credit < ii 
which merchants can impi rt goods from any part of Europe. 



112 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



STEGE & KEir^ING, 

Wholesale Groceries, Provisions and Liquors, Nos. 327 and 329 West IVIain Street. 




future. It is a staunch, 



Established in 1858, and with continuous transactions 
since, the house at 327 and 329 West Main street has ac- 
quired a position in the trade not easily to be gainsaid. From 
a minor position respecting the wholesale tratfic, its business 
has expanded, year by year, until it is now rated with the 
most substantial in this great center ot commerce. Energy 
and enterprise are well illustrated in the conduct of this 
house, whose premises are shown in the illustration on this 
page. 

These premises are the same that have been occupied by 
the house lor many years, and are sufficient to accommodate 
a stock aggregating in value $100,000 at all seasons. The an- 
nual business of the house reaches the sum of three-quarters 
f a million annually, occasionally rising to a million dollars. 
These figui-es indicate the resources and patronage of the 
house to be considerably above the average. The best busi- 
ness enjoyed by this house comes to it from Indiana, Ken- 
tucky and the North generally, a trade exclusive to it having 
been formerly established during its twenty-seven years of 
operation by the house. 

Messrs. C. Stege and H. Belling, than whom no mer- 
chants of Louisville are better esteemed, are the principals 
m this house. They are most noted for apiilication and assi- 
duit}' in the management of their own and their custorr.ers' 
iflairs, a method which redounds to the benefit of those hav- 
ing dealings with them. The honorable and straightforward 
course of these gentlemen is a suffici'^nt guarantee for the 
substantial and reliable house in every essential and particular. 



D. H. BALDWIN & CO., 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Pianos and Organs, No. 236 Fourth Avenue. 

The above-named leading piano and organ house was established here in 1877, as one 
of the two branches of the parent concern, D. H. Baldwin & Co., Fourth and Elm 
streets, Cincinnati, Ohio. The first manager of the Louisville branch was Mr. K. A. 
Johnston, whose superb business qualifications at once secured for the venture a large 
share of patronage, not only local, but extending throughout adjoining States. Mr. A. 
A. Van Buren, also of the firm, succeeded Mr. Johnston, and has added much to its popu- 
larity and success. At the present time the entire four floors, 25x120 feet each, of No. 
23G Fourth avenue, and three floors of the adjoining building, are required for ware and 
salesrooms, and are literally crowded to their utmost capacity with the finest, largest, and 
most varied stock of standard pianos and organs ever exhibited south of the Ohio. The 
stores and warerooms front four stories on Fourth avenue, and three on Market street, 
and are perfectly lighted and ventilated. 

The Louisville house alone sells an average of one hundred instruments per month, 
embracing choice samples of pianos from the celebrated factories of Steinway & Sons, 
Decker Brothers. Haines, Fischer, and D. H. Baldwin & Co., and organs from Estey, 
Shoninger, and Hamilton. Nine clerks and salesmen are required in the various depart- 
ments and in all the services of ov^ two hundred employes are utilized. 

The firm of D. H. Baldwin is the oldest and the most successful, as well as the best 
known and most reputable, west of New York, having been in the piano and organ trade, 
wholesale and retail, at Cincinnati, for a quarter of a century. The house was founded 
by Mr. Baldwin, who still survives to enjoj^ the fruits of a long career of business and 
personal probity. The individual members of the firm are D. H. Baldwin, Lucien 
Wulsin, George W. Armstrong, jr., Clarence Wulsin, and A. A. Van Buren, who, as 
above stated, has charge of the Louisville and Southern interests of this great house. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA, 



113 



IIUFER'S HOTVAj and RESTAUR VXT. 



Fifth Street between Main and Market— John C. Rufer, Manager. 



A quiet hotel, present- 
ing home comforts at 
moderate rates, is sure to 
win popularity and a 
good share of patronage 
from that large and in- 
creasing class.the steady- 
going ]icople who love 
the good things of life 
while averse to empty 
display. For many years 
Kufer's Hotel, Fifth 
i-treet. between Main and 
Market, has enjoyed the 
ri'putation of furnishing 
tirst-class entertainment 
tor travelers and board- 
ei'S at figures within the 
reach of moderately w^ell- 
to-do men and women. 
During the life of the 
genial "Charley" Rufer 
it was his aim and study 
to make his house a home 
for his guests, and his 
greatest pride was to 
have succeeded in doing so. Since his decease the same policy has bten faithfully adhered 
to by the present manager of the estate, Mr. John C. Ruler, who for ten years has been con- 
nected with the house, and through whose assistance the former popular proprietor was 
enabled to add much to the pleasure of a sojourn under his roof. The house was opened 
to public patronage in 1856, and for thirty years has held a high place in the esteem of the 
traveling public — an esteem which is as warm to-day as at any previous time. The death 
of Charles C. Rufer, which occurred in 1883, had no effect upon the fortunes of the hotel, 
and, save that many old patrons sadly missed his cordial greeting and hospitable face, there 
has been no alteration in the conduct of the place. 

A splendid restaurant is connected with Rufer's Hotel, where guests and the public 
generally will find every delicacy served up in faultless style. 

This elegant and delightful hostelry contains forty rooms for the use of guests, and can 
shelter from eighty to one hundred people. The capacity of the dining-room and res- 
taurant is practically limited only by the market supplies of the city. The bill of fare 
is invariably of the best and the cookery is superb. 




CHARLES RAUTERBERG, 



Successor to Jungblut'i & Co., Catnmission Merchant, Nos. 1B6 and 158 East Main Street. 



This is a house occupying a special and very important sphere of industry and com- 
merce. Its establishment dates back to 1874, the firm then being Jungbluth & Co., the 
pre-ent enterprising proprietor, Mr Chas. Rauterberg, being the junior partner of the old 
house. But since 1882 he has owned and operated the establishment himself. 

The line of goods kept in stock, and extensively sold throughout Kentucky, Ohio and 
Missouri, comprises tob;icco manufacturers' supplies, such as licorice, glycerine and tin 
foil; and Mr. Rauterberg has the exclu-iive agency in this market for James C. McAn- 
drnw, New York, manufacturers of licorice paste; W.J. M. Gordon, of Cincinnati, gly- 
cerine; and L'^hnuiier, Schwartz & Co., New York, manufacturers of tin foil. This is the 
largest house in this line south of the Ohio river, and the Mc Andrew licorice paste is made 



114 



Tn:: ;.\i>ii.sr.tii:.j ov i.oui.svilij>. 



at Newark, New Jersey, at the largest manufactory' of the kind in this countrj', there being 
only two in America. Mr. McAndrew also manufactures the same staple in Turkey and 
Spain. 

Mr. Rauterberg has developed a very large and eonstantly-increasmg trade in these 
specialties, and is thoroughly experienced and very energetic in the prosecution of hi* 
business. 



JOHX G. ROACH, 



Proprietor " Old Times " Hand-made Sour-mash Distillery : President Bel Air Distillery Company, Louisville, and 
the Rich Grain Distilling Company, Uniontown. Ky. -Office. No. 104 East Wain Street. 




RICH GRAIN DISTILLERY CO. 
UNIONTOWN.KY. 

The accompanying illustrations present views of the largest and most profitable in- 
dustries of Louisville and the South. They are the di>tilleries of the well-known house of 
John G. Roach, sole owner of the "Eich Grain" distillery and president of the "Bel 
Air" Distilling Company — the former at Uniontown, Ky., with a capacity of 600 bushels, 
the latter in the Portland suburbs, with a capacity of '200 busliels. 

These brands of whisky, 
wliich command the higliest 
approval of the trade, are 
sold all over the United 
States, and are favorite 
brands with consumers. The 
house imd its enterprising 
proprietor are equally well 
known. Founded in 1869- 
by Grovf, Roach & Co., the 
tirm was, six years later, 
cliiinged to John G. Rt)ach 
ct Co., and in 1880 to the 
pr- sent style. Controlling a 
producing capacity of 100 
barrels a day, and the larg- 
est practical knowledge of 
how to turn out a good spir- 
it, with unrivaled facilities 
fur placing the same on the 
market, the bu^int-^s success of -Mr. Roacli, in building up so extensive a trade in his pro- 
ductions, lb a natural .>-e(iui'nce, and is in tlie fullest sense deserved. Mr. Roach came here 
from Green county, Ky., and speedily took rank among our leading business men. He 
has been a director of the Bank of Commerce and in other ways exhibited his public spirit 
and commercial knowledge. As further evidence of the esteem and rej)ute in which he 
is held by his fellow-citixt-ns, it may be mentioned that Mr. Roach is a commissioner of 
the Central Insane Asylum and for the past ten years has been chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee of tlie City of Louisville. 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



15 



C. I». MOOIOIAX & CO., 

Oeilers in J. H. Cutter Old Bourbon Wliisky. Nos. 131 and 133 East Main Street. 



BOURBON 







c.rmoorman&co. 
louisville,ky: 



No lidust^ in this iiiu' of business is better 
known in Louisville and the South-west, and in- 
iltHMl throughout the country, than that of 0. 
P. . Moorman A: Co., at i;'.l and 183 Ea.-t ]\Iain 
stn'ct. ()riu;inally founded as far baek as lS4r>, 
hy .\. II. Cutter, whose honored name is still as- 
sociated with its wares, the present tirm namo 
las existed more than a qutirter of a century, 
during which period the business has continued 
to expand in volume and in territorial extent 
until now the business connections of the house 
and its dealings in the celebrated brand of J. H. 
Cutter Old Hourb(>n whi>ky extend from th(! 
Atlantic to the Tacifie coast. Branch otiiccs, 
where sales are made direct, are established in 
Hoston, New York, Philadelphia, San Franci>c<', 
and the other piincijjal trade centers East and 
West. 

C. P Moorman & Co. also keep constantly 
on hand a large stock of fine Kentucky whis- 
kies, of an averaa'C value of .$500,000. Their in- 
timate knowledge of the whisky busine.ss, ex- 
liMiding back through moie than a quarter of a 
■enlury, enables tiiem to select only such as are- 
\Y>\ old-fiishioned, hand-made lire-copper and 
<our-ni!ish whiskies, and those at a distance send- 
ing their orders to this house, or any of its 
branches, may depend upon getting the very best. 

Mr. Moorman, the proprietor of the hou.'e. is 
a well-known business man and capitalist, dis- 
tinguislied for public spirit and the encourage- 
ment of every enterprise calculated to promote 
the industrial and commercial advancement of 
Louisville. A stockholder in the woolen mills, 
and in insurance compaiiies, he is also largely 
interested in real estate holdings and buildings. 



A. B. BURN HAM & CO. 



Wholesale Tinners" Slock, Stoves, Tinware, Tin Piate, etc., No. 744 West IMain Street; Warerooms. Nos. 122 to 

126 Eighth Street. 



A very large and important industrial establishment, and a credit to its enterprising 
proprietors and to the city of Louisville, is that which forms the subject of this voluntary 
tribute to business success. 

Founded in 1870 by A. B. Burnham, the senior of the present house, he was subse- 
quently joined by H. G. Hall, the tirm becoming, as at present. A. B. Burnham «& Co. 

Dealing generally in tinners' stock and stoves, the trade of the house extended 
throughout the South and North-west. A specialty is made of tinners' stock, and this, on 
account of its superior excellence, is in very large trade request. The manufactuiiiig 
facilities of the tirm are very extensive. Well-stored warerooms are maintained at Nos. 
122 to 126 Eighth street, and the premises of the firm at No. 744 West Main street com- 
prise three stories n:)x2lO feet. Thirty-tive hands are employed and the annual business 
of the tirm reaches the enormous aggregate of $o50,000. 

Mr. A. B. Burnham, the senior of the firm, is interested in Carpenter, Annear & Co.'s 
galvanized iron work store here, and has a store at Brownsville, Tennessee; also, in mines 
in the vicinity of Denver, Colorado. He and his partner, Mr. H. 0. Hall, are energetic 
business men and their house commands a high commercial .standing. 



116 



THE IXDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



GEORGE CROSS, 

Manufacturer of Umbrellas and Parasols, Dealer In Foster's " Tres Bon " Kid Gloves, No. 413 Fourth Avenue. 



Louisville can boast one very complete and well-managed umbrella and parasol fac- 
tory — that of Mr. George Cross, No. 413 Fourth avenue, one of the most convenient and 
fashionable localities in the city. 

Mr. Cross has been in the same place since 1877, and has built up a first-clnss trade, 
both in and out of the city, filling orders for points all over adjoining States, North, "West, 
and South. The manufacture of these goods' has been the occupation of his life, and, as a 
consequence, in addition to a cultivated taste, he has the requisite skill and knowledge 
of the wants of the trade and the public to make a still greater success of his enter- 
prise. He makes and deals in all styles and grades of umbrellas and parasols, from 
the cheapest to the most elaborate and costly, and selling at first hands can make prices 
as low as the lowest. He handles heavy consignments of the same goods from celebrated 
Eastern manufacturers also, and can offer unusual inducements to the trade. 

Mr. Cross also conducts, in connection with his umbrella and parasol establishment, an 
extensive kid glove department, where Foster's celebrated "Tres Bon" brand of extra 
fine gloves are sold exclusively, this being the only Louisville house handling these goods. 



LEWIS & HANFORD, 



(Successors to Lewis. Gage & Co. , Seeds and Agricultural Implements, Nos. 246 and 248 West Main Street. 



Established in 1870, by F. N. Lewis, H. T. Han- 
ford and O. S. Gage, this house has steadily grown 
in increase of trading facilities and volume and 
magnitude of business operations. As earlj' as 
1874 the old quarters on Main street, near Fifth, 
were lound inadequate, and removal "was effected 
to the colossal premises now occupied at Nos. 246 
and 248 West Main street, which comprise the 
double four-story stone front buildings here illus- 
trated. 

Mr. O. S. Gage having retired, the old firm 
name of Lewis, Gage & Co. was amended to its 
present form, Lewis & Hanford. The firm is recog- 
nized as of the highest commercial standing and 
of undoubted enterprise. The house carries one 
of the largest stocks of field seeds and agricultural 
implements to be found in the country, and its 
trade in the former, throughout the South and 
West, is very extensive. The firm also exports 
field seeds in no inconsiderable quantity, and so is 
well known in trade circles in Europe as well as 
in America. Its specialties are Kentucky blue- 
grass and orchard grass seed, and agricultural im- 
plements. 

These latter, too, are of world- wide celebrity, 
and Lewis & Hanford have the sole agency for the 
Studebaker wagon and the Oliver chilled plow, 
of the latter of which thej' sell and deliver eight 
"or ten thousand yearly. They also handle exten- 
sively the Thomas hay rake, Belle City feed 
cutter, Osborne reaper and mower, twine binder, 
and other implements and farm machinery that bear the stamp of approval afiixed by all 
wlio have used them. 

Mr. Lewis, of the firm, has resided in Louisville twenty years and has always been 
ideiitified with this important industry. His partner, Mr. Hanford, has like experience 
and knowledge of the rcijuirements of trade, so that the past success of the firm is an 
eminently deserved one and assures an even more prosperous future. 




AXD OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



17 



HEXRY I>ISSTON & SONS. 



James B. Senior, Manager— Saws, Files, Steel and Tools— No:. 860 and 852 West Main Street. 





^ & SONS. ^ 
PHILADELPHIA 

'^ Warranted ^ 

%, SUPERIOR. ,<^ 

^ousi> 




pect of still further growth. Tlie usefulness and 
it needed only the energetic management and busi 
to effect their introduction through the wide scope 



This is one of the leading 
industries of Louisville, and 
commatids an important and 
responsible position in respect 
to Lhe commerce of the city 
also. The firm is well known 
throughout the countr}'^, and 
established itself here in 18bi:^>, 
under the experienced man- 
agement of Mr. James B. Sen- 
ior. 

Occupying the large four- 
storv building at 850 and 8'y> 
We~t Main street, '25.\125 f.et, 
the premises are fitted up with 
an upright boiler and twenty- 
hi)rse-power engine, together 
with the necessary machinery 
and apparatus to carry on the 
business, employing, also, a full 
complement of skilled arti- 
sans. 

The trade of this branch 
house is (juite extensive in vol- 
ume, and covers the States of 
Kentucky, Indiana and Ten- 
nessee, with immediate pros- 
uperiority of its wares being admitted, 
ness enterprise of the resident manager 
of country named. 




WILLIAM E. ALMSTEDT, 



Stocl( and Bond Broker— No. 506 West Main Street, Merchants National Bank Building. 



The function of the stock and bond broker is one of great usefulness to those desiring 
to make investments; and among those so engaged in this market none rank higher in 
judgment and perspicuity than Mr. Wm. E. Almstedt, whose office is in the Merchants 
National Bank building — No. 500 West Main street. 

He established himself in this line of business last year and speedily took rank as an 
active and intelligent representative of large financial interests upon the monc}' and stock 
market, keeping constantly on hand and buying and selling to order a full line of invest- 
ment securities, and making something ot a specialty of executing orders for stocks and 
bonds dealt in on the New York Stock Exchange. Thus, in general terms, theoflice deals 
in local and miscellaneous securities of all kinds, and especially the following : United 
States bonds; Kentucky municipal bonds; Kentucky State and county bonds; Kentucky 
county bonds — defaulted; United States land warrants; Southern railroad stocks and 
bonds; stocks of all Louisville banks; insurance stock; Louisville street-railroad stocks; 
stocks of all local manufacturing companies. 

Mr. Almstedt is young, active, enterprising, and successful in the prosecution of his 
business. In the interest of his numerous patrons he issues an accurately compiled 
monthly investment-circular and price list, and those desirous of selling stocks or bonds, 
or extending their line of investment, will find it to their interest to write to or call upon 
Mr. Almstedt. His integrity and financial ability are commended by the Kentucky Na- 
tional Bank, German Bank, and Louisville Safety Vault and Trust Company, to whom 
he refers. 



118 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



GERMAN NATION A r^ BANK. 



Adolph Reutlinger, President; H. W. Bohmer, Cashier; Capital, $251,500 ; North-west Corner First and Market 

Streets. 



The above-named sound and prosperous financial institution was chartered in 1872, 
and has proved a valuable acquisition and aid to the business interests of the city. The 
president, Mr. Adolph Keutlinger, is a business man of irreproachable character and 
great ability, and is well supported by Vice-President Gottlieb Layer and Cashier H. W. 
Bohmer. The capital stock (paid up) is $251,-500; the surplus fund'and undivided profits, 
$83,575, and the bank in a flourishing condition. It is a designated United States depos- 
itory and financial agent of the government. Has correspondents all over the world; 
deals in European exchange, receives deposits, makes collections; also agent for ocean- 
passage tickets by favorite steamers. 

The board of directors is an excellent one, composed of such capable and enterprising 
men as Adolph Keutlinger, Gottlieb Layer, Adam Schuster, C. Henry Dorn, Charles Wet- 
stein, J. N. Struck, H. H. Kademaker, F. W. Schwenk, and Adam Gottbreath. The pros- 
pect for the future of this bank, like its record in the past, is very good indeed. 



THE PrCTET ARTIFICIAL ICE COMPANY— (Limited). 



Manufacturers of Ice and Machines for the Production of Cold Air and Ice— Floyd Street, Between Kentucky 
and Caldwell Streets— J. 0. Powlis, Manager; Henry Dexter, Secretary and Treasurer. 




The manufacture of ice has long passed the experimental stage and is now one of the 
recognized industries whose beneficent eflPects are realized by all. The anhydrou.s-sul- 
phurous-oxide system of Raoul Pictet, of Geneva, Switzerland, is, we believe, regarded as 
the most perfect in its operation and certain in its results of any so far devised, and is al- 
ready introduced in every civilized country on the globe. The absolute and incompar- 
able purity and wholesoineness of artificial ice, manufactured from distilled water, its 
uniform density and greater resistance to melting infiuences, its beauty and convenience 
of handling, its actual economy, and other advantages over the natural product, have 



AND OF NEW AL15ANY, INJ)IANA. 



Ill) 



made it popular with all classes and secured for it a sale never found for the pond and 
lake ice from which so many fortunes were formerly made. 

The Louisville branch of the Pictct Artificial Ice C'DUipany, of which Mr. J. O. 
Powlis is manager, lias a fine factory and warehouse on Floyd street, between Caldwell 
and Kentucky, where the whole process can be observed by those interested, and ample 
explanations given to anj' who, from motives other than mere idle curiosity, desire to in- 
vestigate. 

The president is Robert AVhitehill; vice-president, Peter Marie; Henry Dexter, secre- 
tary and treasurer. The company was incorporated in 1877, with a capital stock of $300,- 
000, and has done a flourishing business from the start, the sales averaging 10,000 t(ms 
per annum, principally among the families and hotels, the butchers, grocers and confec- 
tioners of the city. From twenty-five to thirty hands and seven wagons are usually em- 
ployed. There are five large buildings, covering a space 144x250 feet, and the machinery 
contained in them is of the costliest and most massive description. 



J. W. RECCIUS & BROTHER. 



Headquarters f}r Base Bill Supplies, Athletic and Sporting Goods, Toys, etc., No. 304 West Market Street. 

The national game gains a largely increased 
army of votaries with each recurring season 
- not professional players, but young men 
and boys recognize in it a healthful, muscle- 
expaiuling exercise, full of attractions, and, 
when conducted in the proper spirit of hon- 
esty and good humor that should characterize 
all manly out-door sports, a truly noble game. 
The trade in base ball and kindred goods is, 
cons('quentlv,steadilvon the increase. Messrs. 
J. W. Eeccfus & Bro., No. 304 West Market 
street, recently removed from No. 34'2 Third 
avenue, carry an immense stock of base ball 
supplies, being the most extensive dealers 
South in this line of specialties. They are, 
also, headquarters for the best makes of Indian 
clubs, dumb bells, boxing gloves, foot-balls, 
croquet, skates (ice and roller), hammocks, 
fishing tackle, and, in short, every description 
of athletic and sporting goods. They have 
two fine stores, the one referred toj three 

stories in height ami \o iVet iVunt by 100 feet deep, and another at No. 1,703 West Market 

street, 18x120 feet. Their trade extends all over this and adjoining Southern States, and 

averages some ■'Bio, 000 a year. 

Mr. J. W. Reccius is a machinist and practical mechanic, and opened in his present 

business in 1873. 




GEORGE S. 3IOORE, 



Commission Dea!er In Pig Iron, Corner Bullitt and Main Streets. 



The handling of pig iron on commission is an old and well-established branch of busi- 
ness here, the subject of this notice, Mr. George S. Moore, having been actively engaged 
in it since 1853. A few years later — 1858 — a Mr. Donegan was admitted to a partnership, 
but after a short experience withdrew, the house resuming the former name and style of 
George S. Moore, under which it has lived and prosjiered during the intervening years. 
Mr. Moore does an extensive business with the East, North and North-west, and lias an 
enviable reputation for integrity and reliability, lie is prepared to handle consignments 
on commission promptly and on reasonable terms. 



120 THE LNDUSTRIE3 OF LOUISVILI.E 



SI EIN & KURKAMP, 



Wholesale Grocerc— Dealers in Liquors, Tobaccos, etc., No. 315 West Main Street. 



Of the varied commercial interests uf this city, none have a more important bearing 
upon its progress and general welfare than the wholesale trade in staple and fancy 
groceries, liquors, tobaccos and kindred goods. Seldom, indeed, is so pronounced a suc- 
cess achieved in the face of powerful and honorable rivalry, particularly in this line of 
trade, as that upon which Messrs. Stein & Kurkamp, of No. 315 West Main street, can 
congratulate themselves. These gentlemen, as their names indicate, are of German birth- 
Mr. Victor Stein, a native of Hanover, and Mr. E. H. Kurkamp, of Prussia. The former 
emigrated when but fifteen years of age — in 1855 — and settled in Louisville. Mr. Kur- 
kamp landed at New Orleans 1851, when but eighteen years old, and the next year came 
to Louisville. Both were for some years in the employ of Mr. A. Engelhard, Mr. Stein as 
book-keeper, and Mr. Kurkamp as traveling salesman. 

The present firm was organized and went into business in 1883, less than three years 
ago, and has already built up an astonishingly wide connection, considering the short 
period of its existence. Their success, partly due to the extensive acquaintance and per- 
sonal popularity of both members of the tirm, is, to an equal or greater extent, referable 
to their strict business habits, square and liberal dealings, prompt attention to all custom- 
ers and unwavering integrity in every transaction. 

The firm occupy a very large and conveniently-arranged building, four stories high, 
with ample cellars for storage, and carry an immense stock of carefully-selected grccerie.'^, 
fine old whiskies and sundries, to which the attention of the trade is invited. 



CHARLES T. DEARING, 



Bookseller and Stationer, Printer and Binder, North-west Corner Third and Jefferson Streets. 



The trade in books, stationery and the multitude of goods that come under these 
heads cuts a more important figure in the life of the people than is realized by the super- 
ficial observer. It is a trade in which everybody, from the little tot learning its A, B, 
Cs to the aged grandparent, is more or less interested; a trade that ministers more 
than any other to the intellectual necessities of the human family, and concerns all ages, 
all classes and conditions. Louisville, as the home and center of a cultivated people, is 
naturally a very liberal patron of whatever tends to the elevation of the mind, and as a 
consequence the stationer, the bookseller, the printer and all engaged in kindred avoca- 
tions, are appreciated and generously supported. 

A general favorite of the Falls City people is Mr. Charles T. Dearing, whose well- 
known and superbly-conducted magazin du belles-leitres is located at the north-west cor- 
ner of Third avenue and Jefferson street. Mr. Deering has had a remarkably successful 
career, having entered the trade when a boy of nine, mastering all its details and build- 
ing up a very large and constantly-growing business. He carries a splendid assortment 
of standard books of all kinds, light reading, all of the best weekl}% monthly and quar- 
terly publications, the daily newspapers of Louisville, Cincinnati, New York and other 
cities, and the largest, most varied and choicest stock of stationery of every description 
around the falls, embracing every valuable novelty as fast as brought out. 

Connected with this elegant store is a complete and very handsome job printing house, 
also Mr. Dearing's ente' prise, and occupying a portion of his fine building; the latter 
three stories high and covering an area of thirty-five by fifty-seven feet. Parties in want 
of any description of mercantile, ball, party, society or other light printing will find 
Mr. Dearing prepared with first-class facilities to meet their wishes promptly and in the 
best style of material and workmanship. "With an active experience of twenty-four 
years, the services of skillful and tasteful workmen, and access to unlimited stock, he will 
render satisfaction in filling orders if any one can. 

Mr. Dearing's business last year aggregated $100,000, and he fully expects to pass that 
figure in 1866. His branch house on Fourth avenue, near Jefferson street, is also a flour- 
ishing and promising venture. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



12] 



J. S. CLAKK & CO., 

Marble and Granite Works. Green Street, between Second and Third. 




For nearly twenty years this establisliment delectably conjoining the arts and indus- 
tries has existed here, a credit no less to Louisville than to its enterprising proprietor, Mr. 
J. S. Clark. 

The establishment has a history no less interesting from a personal than from a busi- 
ness standpoint. When Mr. Clark founded it in 18G8 he was but twenty years of age, 
yet had already by unremitting industry and natural skill acquired a thoroughly artistic 
and practical knowledge of the business in all its details. Moreover, his sagacity dictated 
a new departure from the old-fashioned idea that an establishment of this kind must 
necessarily be an uninviting place to a visitor, and erected a massive and magnificent 
establishment, covering five numbers on Green street, an architectual inonument in its 
exterior, and in its interior as neat and artistic as a studio devoted to the exhibition of 
immumental art ought to be, and is now erecting an elevated railroad with traveling crane 
for erecting monuments in the mammoth wareroom which, in connection with the tram 
rail to the various departments, reiiders this establishment second tp none in point of 
competing exhibitions of monuments. 

The manufacturing department here alone utilizes the services of from thirty to fifty 
skilled artists and workmen. This establishment handles every kind of the best granites 
that are practicable or advisable for monumental purposes, also having an interest in two 
of the finest granite quarries in the New England States; and being direct importers of the 
finest Italian marble and statuary from Carrara, Italy, undoubtedly gives this house 
superior advantages in the manufacture and sale of the finest monumcntiil work. Hence 
this house is known as a leading and representative one of this country making a specialty 
of strictly first-class work in the way of fine monuments, and receives large and numerous 
orders not only from this city but also from the entire Southern and Western territory, 
and as far East as New York State, so that the business is continually expanding in aggre- 
gate volume. The house recently cut and erected the largest granite monument in this 
section, the same requiring seven cars for its transportation. 

An examination of choice works of memorial art in Cave Hill and other cemeteries, 
discloses that much of the finest work emanates from this extensive establishment of J. S^ 
Clark & Co. 

9 



122 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



HKXRY U. FRANK EL, 



Sole Agent in United States and Canada for Puetz' " Peerless " Plug Tobacco Machine, Maffrand Patent Float, 
" Sanford " Licorice Paste, Tobacco Sugar, Licorice Powder and Flavorings, Branding Colors, Tin Foil and 
Strips, Vaseline, Glycerine, Gums, etc., No. 151 Third Street. 



Owing to the expensive character, wa^stefulness of operation, danger of accident, and 
other drawbacks incident to the eniplojmient of ordinary plug tobacco machiner3% it has 
long been desii'ed that some inventive genius might devise means of avoiding the worst 
of these disadvantages — a desire which seems to have been fully met in the new but al- 
ready famous Puetz plug tobacco machine, brought out and patented by Tillman Puetz, 
jr., of St. Louis, Missouri, a practical mechanic of an investigating and inventive turn. 
It is claimed for this machine that it saves labor, provides security against accidents to 
operatives, finishes its work perfectly, increases the output and profits, delivers the lumps 
automatically on the wrapper table, is adapted to any kind of work, large or small, thick 
or thin, and is easily and quickly adjusted to all classes of work. From the foregoing it 
will be seen that the merits of the " Peerless " are of no ordinary order. 

The Maffrand patent float is especially adapted for use in factories where large quanti- 
ties of leaf are sweetened, saves labor, is constantly ready for work, is thoroughly reliable, 
and cleanly in manipulating stock. 

Mr. Henry U. Frankel, No. 151 Third street, Louisville, is sole agent for these ma- 
chines in the United States and Canadas. He also carries a large stock of tobacco manu- 
facturers' supplies of all kinds, which are furnished the trade at lowest quotations, and in 
quantities to suit. Mr. Frankel represents the Stamford Manufacturing Company of New 
York, producers of " Sanford " licorice paste; Havemeyer & Elder, New York, manufact- 
urers of "tobacco" sugar; Weaver & Sterry, New York, manufacturers of licorice pow- 
der and flavorings ; the " Holdfast " Color Works of Louisville, branding colors ; John J. 
Crooke & Co., New York and Chicago, tin foil and strips; Chesebrough Manufacturing 
Company, NewYork, vaseline: Laist & Hochstetter, Cincinnati, glycerine; and Thurston 
& Braidich, New York, gums. 

Prompt personal or epistolary attention is given to all inquiries concerning the ma- 
chinery and goods referred to. Mr. Frankel is an experienced dealer of long standing 
in all merchandise connected with the manufacture of tobacco, and will render satis- 
faction in all cases. 



SCOGGAN BROTHERS, 

Wholesale Dealers in Horses and Mules, Corner Sixteenth and Main Streets. 



Louisville continues to be a leading horse and 
mule market and is becoming a source of supply, 
to a much greater extent than formerly, to buyers 
for the Southern plantations and the Western 
plains. 

Among those especially prominent in develop- 
ing this important branch of commerce is the 
house of Scoggan Bros., who have extensive stables 
and j'ardage room at the corner of Sixteenth and 
Main streets, for their fair dealing and business- 
like methods have built up a trade that requires, 
for its accommodation, extraordinary room. The 
firm buys and sells direct Western, Southern and 
Canadian horses and the hardy Kentucky mule, 
which is regarded as so serviceable for city and 
country use. And the house pays especial heed to 
the requirements ot the trade in general and to the demands of special customers. 

The house originated in 1878, the firm then being Roach & Scoggan. Subsequently 
and successively the business was carried on by Scoggan, Martin & Co., and Scoggan, 
Hudson & Co., which latter firm was, last year, succeeded by Scoggan Bros., the partners 
being G. W. and H. J. Scoggan, both energetic and experienced men, whose prosperity is 
the reward of earnest endeavor to effect that end. 




AND OF KEW ALHANY, IXinANA. 



123 



CHAS. F. ItETLLY, 



Wood Engraver. South-west Corner Fifth and Main Streets. 




Tlii.< leiidiiig hou.*f, as an 
I'xponeiit of artistic wood 
t-nijraving, was established 
ill 1873 by E. H.Thomas & 
Co., and the firm so remained 
up to the latter part of 1884, 
wlien, by the decease of Mr. 
Thomas, a reorganization 
became necessary in order 
to continue operation of an 
interest firmly established, 
widely known, and as widely 
successful in art designing 
and wood engraving. 

Mr. Chas.'F. Eeilly, who 
succeeded to the business in 
June, 1884, is a practical and 
artistic engraver, and was 
for many years engaged here 
in the same line prior to as- 
suming entire control of the 
present extensive establish- 
ment, which he in fact built 
u)) under the former admin- 
isi ration, and which is the 
largest in this important av- 
enue of industry south of 
Cincinnati. Mr. Reilly is a 
very expert draughtsman, 
and designs the work turned 
outby the bouse. The above 
illustration is a specimen of 
his handiwork. 

The trade of the house is 
not confined to Louisville, 
although very large here, 
but orders are also filled for 
commercial work-in the 
leading trade centers in Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee, Georgia, 



tinually expanding, territorially 



MAS OX MAURY, 



Architect and Superintendent. No. 203 West Main Street. 



The professional renown of Mr. Mason Maury, as an architect, long since passed be- 
yond the confines of this city and State, and the architectural beauty of many of the 
public buildings and more elegant private residences that adorn Louisville and its envi- 
rons is chiefly due to the cultivation of an improved taste in architecture, of which he is 
a leading exponent in this section. 

A few of the more noteworthy buildings designed by and erected under the super- 
vision of Mr. Maury may be mentioned. Thej' are: The residences here of Mr. Suttield 
and Mr. Woods, C. P. Moorman, Stanford Strothers and W. S. Matthews. The Com- 
mercial Bank of Paris, Tenn., was also designed by him and erected under his super- 
vision, as well as many other public and private structures in that and other adjoining 
States. So it is that he is held in great professional and popular esteem, and merits that 
evidence of prosperity. 



124 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



K. Jf. EWELJL & CO. 



Proprietors Louisville Cigar Factory— Manufacturers of Cigars, No. 129 Third Street. 



It is no disparagement to others in the same line of business to say that the entire 
South and West does not possess a more enterprising firm than R. N. Ewell & Co., pro- 
prietors of the Louisville Cigar Factory, No. 129 Third street. 

This well-known industrial and commercial establishment was founded in 1877, by 
E. N. Ewell, and John Cartmell, his partner, joined him one year ago. They are shrewd 
business men, who have built up a trade almost co-extensive with the country. In proof 
of this assertion, let a few fiiiures attest : Their factory is the largest south of the Ohio 
river. They give employment to more than 200 hands. They keep on the road ten 
traveling salesmen, whose routes include the States of Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Ten- 
nessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri and Texas. In all 
these States, and others, R. N. Ewell & Co's. cigars are in active and continuous demand 
by dealers, and great favorites with consumers. 

Selling so largely, the firm is enabled to purchase stock in first hands in large quanti- 
ties and upon the closest margins. These advantages are given the customers of the 
house, who are thus assured the finest quality of goods at most reasonable prices. 

The firm are the sole manufacturers of the universally popular five-cent cigar, "Bull 
of the Woods," and also make those well-known brands, ' Golden Slipper," " Kentucky's 
Pride," "Speckled Trout," " Kitty," etc. For all these orders by mail, from all sections 
of the country, are invited, with assurance that they will have the promptest attention. 

Messrs. R. N. Ewell & Co. are men, too, who do not hide their light under a bushel. 
They thoroughly believe in advertising, and devise novel methods of attracting public 
attention to their wares. Thus, on November 25th last, they indulged in a street parade, 
which proved quite a commercial pageant. Concerning this exhibition of trade enter- 
prise the Courier- Journal felicitously remarked : 

"Yesterday afternoon the cigar-manufacturing firm of R. N. Ewell & Co., No. 129 
Third street, gave a large parade, which passed throuu;h the principal streets of the city, 
advertising particularly their brand of cigars called Bull of the Woods. The pro- 
cession was headed by a brass band, drawn in a handsome band wagon by four white 
horses. Following were three flats, on each of which were several live bulls, significant 
of the brand of cigars. After these, in ten furniture cars, were the employes of the firm, 
fully 200 in number The procession moved about the city until dark, when it broke up 
at the City Hall. The display was verj^ pleasing and successful." 

Mr. Ewell, the senior of the firm, was formerly a salesman for Birdwhistle, Matthews 
& Co., and his partner, Mr. Cartmell, is from the tobacco-growing region of Uniontown, 
Ky. Both are held in high esteem in commercial circles, and their public spirit has ac- 
complished much in the direction of advancing the industrial and commercial interests of 
Louisville and the South. 

J. M. CLARK & CO., 

Sole Proprietors of Hyman's Sweet Picldes, Ketchups, etc., No. 122 Second Street. 



The above firm make a specialty of very fine goods, consisting chiefly of all kinds ol 
sweet pickles, gherkins, fancy mixed, stuffed mangoes of all kinds, and cabbage pickle. 
They have recently put upon the market something entirely new in the pickle line — an 
orange mango — which is considered by epicures to be the perfection of pickle. They are 
also the proprietors of the celebrated Hyman tomato ketchup, than which there is none 
finer. As an evidence of the popularity of these goods, they have orders for them from 
all sections of the country, as far north as New York City, and south as far as San An- 
tonio, Texas. In fact, there is not a Southern city of 3,000 inhabitants in which the Hy- 
man pickle can not be found. Their popularity is owing to the fact that they are just like 
a good old-fashioned home-made pickle, and can be bought just as cheaply as a lady can 
make them herself. These two prominent features make them distinct from all other 
pickles on the market. 

Recently the house has offered flue cider vinegar for sale, and in its price list says upon 
this point: "As we are constantly getting orders from our customers for pure cider vin- 
egar (vinegar made from apples), same as we use in making our finest pickles, we have 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



125 



concluded to put it on our price list. As fine pickles can not be made with poor vinegar, 
the best recommendation we can give this vinegar is that we use it ourselves in making 
our finest sweet j^ickles. If j'ou want to try it, sentl for a barrel, and if not just as repre- 
sented, send it back at our expense. Having recently fitted up our pickling rooms, No. 122 
Second street, with all modern conveniences, such as porcelain kettles, steam jackets, etc., 
we can assure our friends that no pains or expense will be sjiared to make these goods just 
what they have alwaj-s claimed to be- — the finest, home-like sweet pickle on the market. 
Being made from the recipes of the most celebrated pickle-maker in Kentucky, they 
justly deserve the great reputation they have attained. Only the purest cider vinegar and 
the finest spices used in their preparation. A trial of our goods is all that is necessary to 
prove the truth of what we say." 

Prior to eui^aging in this line Mr. Clark was with J. M. Robinson & Co. for a num- 
ber of years, and on leaving them became one of the proprietors of the Standard vinegar 
works of this city, where, by experiment and practical appliciition, he mastered the details 
of the business in which he is now engaged. Mr. Clark is a young business man of great 
enterprise and energy, and the public at large appreciate his crtbrts to give them the finest 
pickles to be had anywhere in this country, by making liberal purchases of his goods. 
They are the only concern in this country that make a specialty only of fine sweet pickles, 
hence the great range of their business. 



HOLLENBACH & ABETTER, 




^DlSTILLERv^ ; 
m^ V, KENTUCKY 




Proprietors of the Glencoe Distillery— Whisky Merchants and Importers, No. 234 Second Street. 

Oue-half the whisky made in Kentucky is 
produced m this (the Fifth) revenue district. 
The taxes monthly paid into the ofiice of the 
collector in this city amount to a million and 
a quarter to a million and a half dollars. 
These figures furnish some index to the vast 
importance of the wholesale trade in this 
class of goods and indicates its overwhelming 
volume as compared to all others. The 
Louisville whisky trade has always been in 
the hands of high-toned, honorable men, 
however, which accounts for its extraordinary 
development. None but men of unexcep- 
tionable reputation can obtain recognition or 
a foothold in the trade, and the first indication 
of crookedness insures expulsion. 

Of the prominent distillers and wholesale 
whisky houses here none are more deserving of favorable mention than Messrs. Hollen- 
bach & Vetter, No. 234 Second street, established December, 1877. Proprietors of the 
famous "Glencoe" distillery, operated by the noted Stitzel brothers, and extensive im- 
porters of fine foreign wines and licjuors, handling all leading brands of Kentucky whis- 
kies, which they sell free or in bond as desired, the house has unusual facilities for meeting 
the wants of buyers in the most satisfactory manner. The "Glencoe" is guaranteed a 
strictly hand-made sour-mash whisky of highest grade, distilled from select grain by the 
well-known Stitzel Bros., who take rank witli the best Kentucky distillers. A comparison 
is challenged with the most celebrated brands made in the State. 

Their building, four stories in height, fronts 24 feet on Second street, with a depth of 
100 feet, has ample cellar accommodations, and is stocked to repletion with an immense 
line of choice goods of all kinds and ages, in barrels and cases, which will be supplied to 
customers in (juantities to suit, promptly and at lowest figures. 

Mr. llollenbach has been in this business since 1871. Mr. Yetter, formerly city mar- 
shal, has been in the firm since January* last, and is an excellent and popular business 
man and a valuable ac(|uisition. 

Mr. Louis llollenbach. late of the firm of Hollenbach Bros., has recently associated 
himself with Mr. Ch. Stubenrauch in the purchase of the wholesale and retail wine and 
liquor business of Val. Haas, No. 128 La Salle street, near Madison, Chicago, and will 
continue it under the style of Louis Hollenbach & Co. They are sole agents for Chicago 
and the We.stern States for the "Glencoe" whisky above referred to. 



126 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 






Open from June ist to October ist. 




PQ 
< 

O 



Capacity of Hotel, 600 Guests. 



AND OF XEW ALI5ANY. INDIANA. 



127 



CRAB OKCHAKD SPKINCIS. 



Kentucky's Great Health and Pleasure Resort— The most Fashionable, Attractive and Delightful Summering 

Place South of the Ohio. 



AVhile not in the strictest sense partaking of the nature of an industry, and not a dis- 
tinctive Louisville institution, yet, as the principal otficers of the Cr«h Orchard Springs 
Company make their iionies here, where they are prominent citizens and leading husiness 
men, it may not he considered altogether inappropriate to make some reference in these 
pages to an institution so famous and so attractive. 

The Crab Orchard Springs are beautifully and romantically situated in Lincoln county, 
on the Knoxville branch of the Louisville & Nashville railroad, one hundred and fifteen 
miles south-east of Louisville, and are readily accessible from all portions of the country. 
The many wonderful cures of troublesome complaints accomjilishcd, and the peculiar ad- 
vantages of the springs as a pleasure-resort, spread their fame until the medicinal value 
of the water itself, and the salts obtained therefrum, became recognized everywhere — so 
much so that unprincipled persons went regularly into the disreputable business of pre- 
paring a specious and worthless imitation of the salts, which met with ready sale to thou- 
sands who were easily made the dupes of conscienceless speculators. 

"Within the past score or so of years, the Crab Orchard Springs Company has vastly 
improved the grounds and hotel accommodations at the springs, expending thereon over 
one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars, and have now the largest, best equipped, 
and in all respects nio.st valuable and delightful summer resort in the South-west, capable 
of accommodating over six hundred guests in first-class style during the season (June Lst 
to October 1st). The charges are moderate, the table and sleeping arrangements sumptu- 
ous, and everj' opportunity is afforded for rational enjoyment. 

W. T. Gi"ant, of W. T. Grant & Co., leaf-tobacco dealers, Louisville and Henderson — 
a trade in which he has been engaged for nineteen years past, successfully and profit- 
ably — is president of the company. The directory is composed of "Walter N. Haldeman, 
Esq., president of the Courier- Journal Company, and Colonel Bennett H. Young, one of 
the Falls City's most active, astute, and enterprising citizens. That the Crab Orchard 
Springs Companj', under such auspices, will continue to develop and popularize its mag- 
nificent property, to its own advantage and the benefit of the public in search of health 
or pleasure, there can be no question. 



G. KLINE & SON, 



Doors. Sash. Blinds. Flooring. Siding. Shingles. Paints, Oils, Glass, and Building Materials Generally— Cffice and 
Warerooms. North-west Corner Eighteenth and Market Streets— Yards, Main Street, between Eighteenth 
and Nineteenth. 



The building interests, which for some 
years have been very active throughout the 
border and central Southern States, as well as 
in the city of Louisville itself, find nn active 
and capable coadjutor in the firm of G. Kline 
tV- Son, the prominent dealers in every descrip- 
tion of building material, whose extensive 
warerooms and liandsome office are located at 
the north-west corner of Eighteenth and 3Iar- 
ket^trects. The firm was organized in 1S71, 
and is composed of Messrs. G. Kline and D. B. 
Kline, both Pennsylvanians by birth. Mr. 
Kline, sr., ha-- hcxu iji:^.>:,*:'i ii. iln' manu.acture and sale of buildmg materials for the past 
forty-eight years, and was formerly in the lumber business at New Albany, Ind., aban- 
doning it to join his son in the present enterprise, which has been very successful from 
the start, meeting an urgent want of builders and all others interested in building and 
commanding a heavy trade at all times. 

Messrs. G. Kline & Son's office and warerooms are 90x200 feet deep, the yards 00x200 
feet, and the stock of materials, rough and finished, is always kept up to the requirements 




128 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

of the trade, embracing every description of plain and ornamental doors, sash, blinds, etc., 
together with a well-selected line of builders' hardware from the most celebrated makers; 
window glass, paints, oils, and, in short, every item entering into the construction, comple- 
tion, and finishing of houses, save brick, stone, lime, sand, heavy timbers and iron roofing. 
This was the first house in Louisville to introduce finished Northern work, an example which 
its rivals were not slow to follow, though G. Kline «t Son continue in the lead, carrjnng a 
stock three times larger than that of any other similar concern ar.mnd the falls. They 
sell largely throughout this State, Tennessee, Alabama and Mississippi, their splendid- 
finished work in clear Michigan and Wisconsin pine attracting attention and securing 
orders from those who know and appreciate a good thing when they see it. Mr. D. B. 
Kline attends principally to the active business of the firm, and from his personal expe- 
rience in the handling of these goods can guarantee prompt attention, complete satisfac- 
tion, and prices to suit the most exacting. This is the only Louisville firm in this branch 
of business that issues an illustrated catalogue, a copy of which will be forwarded to any 
applicant on request. The shipping trade is the principal point to which attention is 
given, though numerous large orders are constantly filled for city buyers. They have 
ever sought to make the interests of their patrons specifically their own, and aim to fur- 
nish the latest and most approved designs of manufactured work, inside finish, styles of 
citj' and country architecture, so as to fully aid the builder or owner in selecting that which 
will give him the greatest satisfaction, and to this end their price list contains many beau- 
tiful and tasty designs, suited for practical application. Their motto is, " A No. 1 goods, 
low prices, honest deals, and prompt shipments," the result of which has been to gain a 
reputation second to none in the business world. Write them if needing anything in 
their line. 

W. S. MATHEWS & SONS, 

Exporters and Dealers In Leaf Tobacco, Nos. 1,608 to 1,614 Rowan Street. 

That Louisville is the largest leaf-tobacco market in the world is convincingly dem- 
onstrated in the historical review and statistics of that interest presented in the opening 
chapter of this volume. But while the warehouse interest is entitled to prominence as a 
factor in develojiing the trade, it is, after all, chiefly a local interest, and to those repre- 
senting the buying interest, and especially the export trade, is principally due the vast 
volume of business done in this market, and the fame that Kentuckj^ tobacco has acquired 
the world over. 

Most prominent in this latter connection is the house of W. S. Mathews »& Sons, 
which was established by the senior of that enterprising firm nearly a quarter of a century 
ago, and before Louisville had acquired her present pre-eminence in leaf tobacco. In 
connection with its special edition, exhaustively reviewing the tobacco trade last Septem- 
ber, and describing the great commercial pageant of the previous day, the Courier-Jour- 
nal truly said of this house, that the firm of W. S. Mathews & Sons, exporters and dealers 
in leaf tobacco, has probably the most extended foreign correspondence of any firm out- 
side of New York, if not, indeed, the most extended in the United States, embracing, as 
it does, every country where Western Tobacco is known, and travelers who penetrate to 
the furthest countries in search of trade for their specialties. We may here add that the 
firm are the largest repackers of leaf tobacco in the world. The^y sell to foreign mer- 
chants entirely, having business connections and agencies established in the West Indies, 
South America and Europe. Handling all kinds of leaf tobacco, specialties are made of 
English strips, English dry leaf, African tobacco. South American leaf. West Indian 
smokers, Mexican balers, black wrappers, cigar leaf, and tobacco for sheep wash. 

Since 1862, when it was established upon a moderate scale, the house has grown to 
such proporti 'US, by well-directed energy, that the handling of the factory last year was 
about 8,000,000 pounds. Besides most extensive machinery, such as screw and lever-pow- 
er compresses, 250 hands are employed in handling and preparing the staple for export. 
It may be added t^iat the factory presents a model of system in every feature of its man- 
agement, a«, indeed, is necessary in so extensive an undertaking. 

With the growth of the business came the admi-sion to partnership, in 1877, of Will- 
iam, James and Charles Mathews, sons of the founder and senior of the firm. Brought 
up in the business, their experience is of much avail in the management. The firm, one 
ot whose members has occupied the Presidency of the Tobacco Board of Trade for some 
time, is of the highest commercial repute and standing. 

In connection with their interests here, they also have branch houses and agencies 
establi-hed througliout this Statti, Tennessee, and the tobacco-growing region generally. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



129 



PEOPLE'S BANK OP KENTUCKY. 



G. H. Moore, President; J. H. Huber. Cashier— North-west Corner IVIain and Second Streets. 




An eminent writer upon 
banks and banking lias said 
tliat a bank is less to be 
commended for its success 
in times of prosperity tban 
for its couraae in meeting 
adversity. Judged by this 
standard, tbe People's Bank 
of Kentucky is entitled to 
preeminence anion <; tbe 
banking institutions of the 
eity for having, with great 
courage and success, weath- 
ered financial storms of 
great portent and danger, 
and in having so thorough- 
ly demonstrated integrity 
as to render possible the 
reorganization of the bank 
upon the firmest basis. 

Established in 1856, in 
Bowling Green, Kentucky, 
tbe bank was favored with 
a fair degree of prosperity 
in its provincial location 
up to the time when tbe great xVmerican conflict was ushered in, and the proximity 
of the contending forces and conservative influences of shells with fuses in a state of 
active combustion dictated a prudential retreat to Louisville. This removal being author- 
ized by special act of tbe Legislature, tbe bank accordingly established itself in Louisville 
in 1862, with W. B. Hamilton as president and J. H. Hube'r as cashier, which trust the lat- 
.ter still (Jischarges with signal ability and acceptability. 

In 1876, when so many banking'institutions throughout the country were obliged to 
suspend, the People's, through the failure of others, went into voluntary liquidation, and its 
affairs were wound up by Mr. Huber in such manner as to present a rare instance of com- 
mercial integrity, and to greatly facilitate the reorganization which was eft'ected in June, 
1881, with an authorized stock capital of SI, 000,000, of which $150,000 is jiaid in, the 
present stockholders being among the principal merchants and manufacturers nf this city 
and vicinity. The directors are Geo. H. Moore, Bennett D. Mattingly, John B. Pirtle, 
John A. Lee, S. P. Myer, B. P. Scally, Reuben Wells, Horace Bashaw and Wni. C. Ken- 
drick. 

The management of the bank has been characterized by tbe largest liberality consistent 
with sound banking, and this is evidenced by the fact that a surplus of $o6,000.00 has 
laeen accumulated ; six per cent, dividends annually have been regularly paid, and the 
stock of the People's has appreciated to six per cent, above par. 

Tbe la.st official report of resources and liabilities, with which tbe present year com- 
n)enced, makes the following satisfactory exhibit: Resources— Loans and discounts, $305,- 
229.15; real estate— bank building, $-27,.500.OO; fixtures, safes, etc., $3,:i00.00i sundry 
stocks and bonds, $10,!»25. 00; notes in suit and susjiended debt, $2,006.50; protests and 
court costs, .'$38.H7; cash, $28,896.84; sight exchange, $20,039.84; total, $397,936.20. 
Liabilities— Capital stock, $150,000.00; "surplus. $36,000.00; balance left to credit 
of earnings account, $223.40; dividends uncalled for, $922.26; dividend No. 37. just 
declared, three per cent., $4,500.00 ; deposits, .$206,290.54 ; total, $397,936.20. Increase of 
surplus fund during six months ended December 31, 1885, $1,500.00. Result of operations 
since re-organization, July, 1881— Dividends paid to stockholders, $36,000.00 ; surplus-ac- 
cumulated, *36,00().00; net earnings in four and a half {4\) years, $72,000.00. 

Of the executive officers. President Geo. H. Moore is of the firm of Jesse Moore & Co. 
and Moore & Selliger, and a leading representative of the distillery and wholesale liquor 



\ 



130 



I'UE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



trade. He is a member of the Board of Trade, and the bank also holds membership in 
that important body. 

Cashier Huber is the same who, for nearly a quarter of a century, has been identified 
with the People's Bank in the discharge of that trust, and his fin:incial ability is every- 
where recognized as established beyond cavil. He is also very poi)ular among the patrons 
of the bank. » 

The People's owns the commodious and well-appointed building here illustrated, in 
which it does business, and the bank is very centrally located. 



LOUISVILLE TENT ANI> AWNING COMPANY, 



Successors fo Woolfolk & Co.; Manufacturers of and Dealers in Tarpaulins, Horse and Wagon Covers, Gum Cloth- 
ing, etc., No. 172 Fourtli Street. 



A most important industry is this, and while a comparatively 
recently established business enterprise, it has within the past year 
developed a great field- of usefulness and profit to Louisville and 
the South. The Louisville Tent and Awning Company is an in- 
corporated institution with a capital stock of 4-5,000, with the privi- 
lege of increasing same to $50,000 if found necessary. It was so 
organized on January 8, 1885, the house succeeding the firm of 
Woolfolk ct Co. The especial industry' conducted by the enterpris- 
ing company is manufacturing and dealing in awnings, tents and 
tarpaulins, horse and wagon covers, dealing in oiled clothing, yellow 
and black. Tarpaulins and tents are rented, bought and sold '; awn- 
ings are taken down and put up; woolen boxes are made a specialty, 
and all kinds of cotton duck are kept in stock. Free storage is 
afforded customers. With so large and comprehensive a line of business, and the atlairs 
of the company so well managed by Mr. John J. Orr, the secretary and treasurer and resi- 
dent manager, it is little marvel that the business has so developed as to embrace not only 
Louisville and thisjmmediate section, but the South generally as far as Georgia. 

In its commodious sales and warerooms at 172 Fourth street the comp'any employs 
twenty-five skilled hands. Mr. Orr, the affable and enterprising resident manager, came 
to Loiiisyille from Toledo, Ohio, expressly in this interest. He had formerly been foreman , 
of a similar industry in Toledo conducted by Mr. M. I. W ilcox, who is associated in inter- ' 
est with him in the enterprise here. Mr. Wilcox is also a leading and wealthy ship 
chandler at Toledo, and is there doing a business in excess of $300,000 a year. The pros- 
pects of the Louisville Tent and Awning Co. are flattering in the extreme, and it is al- 
ready rated among the leading industrial and commercial enterprises of the city. 




HEWETT, FIELD & CO., 



Wliolesale Dealers in Field Seeds and Implements, Nos. 416 and 418 West Main Street. 

This house, now nearly twenty years old, was founded by Hewett, Hardy & Co., and 
the change to the present style of firm took place in 1871. The establishment has always 
been the largest in its line in Louisville, and does an extensive business in all varieties 
of field seeds and in farm implements throughout Kentucky, Indiana and Arkansas. The 
firm ships native seeds to the principal cities East and West— as lar West as San Fran- 
cisco. 

In the line of fsirm implements, the house holds the State agency for South Bend 
chilled plows, Avery plows, Brinly plows, Vandiver corn planters, Hamilton cultivators, 
Hamilton sulky rakes, Hoosier drills, Dederick hay press. Baling ties and Jackson wagons. 
These are all highly commended by scientific and practical agriculturists. 

Mr. Dexter Hewett, senior of the firm, has lived here since 1857 and always been en- 
gaged in the line. Mr. H. P. Field joined the firm in 1871, coming here from Tennessee, 
though originally from New York, as is also his partner, Mr. Hewett. 



\SI> OF NF.W AI.r.ANY, INDIANA. 



131 



THE KENTUCKY FURNITURE MA.NUFACTUR1NG CO. 



J. L. Eschmann. President: Otis Hidden. Vice-President; H.J. Eschmann, Secretary— Corner Fifteenth. Portland 

Avenue and Duncan Streets. 




Established as tar back as 1853, by Greve, Bubrlage & Co. — which firm included names 
yet identified with*the management — the Kentucky Furniture Manufacturing Company 
began its existem-e as a corporation in 1878, and one of the original founders, Mr. J. L. 
Eschmann, was its first president. 

The name «ho>en for tlie corporation was not a misnomer, for the e.stablishment is 
large enough to bear the name of a great Commonwealth, especially as its trade extends 
to practically all parts of the country. The premises occupied by the conipany comprise 
a large four-story brick factory on the corner of Fifteenth and Duncan streets and a large 
wareroom, 40x1*26 feet, on the corner of Portland avenue, the establishment thus taking up 
the entire block or square. The machinery utilized in the factory is of the most com- 
plete character and the labor of a hundred skilleil artisans is also employed. The trade 
of the Kentucky Furniture Manufacturing Company is especiallj' large throughout the 
South-west, exceeding $150,000 a year. Manufacturing a general line of furniture, the 
house devotes special attention to chamber, hall and dining-room furnishings, and have 
also furnished some of the largest and most palatial steamers plying upon "Western 
waters, as, for instance, the "James HoAvard " and the "Katie." So, having large capi- 
tal, extensive manufacturing facilities, and much skill and experience in this line of in- 
dustry, it is apparent that this company can offer superior inducements to customers. 



ROSENBAU3I BROTHERS, 



Distillers of Kentucky Whiskies, No. 651 West Market Street. 



No hou.«e engaged in this important commercial industry in Louisville is better known 
throughout the entire South and South-west than that of Rosenbaum Bros., of No. G5I 
"West -Market street, and this, not only on account of the extended reputation of the firm 
for great enterprise and fair and honorable business dealings, but also on account of the 
universally recognized excellence of the goods of the firm, and in particular its choice 
brands of whisky known as "Kentucky Home " and " Glee Club." Samples of all their 
famous brands are cheerfully furnished on application. 

The house was established in 187'', by its present enterprising propriett>rs, Messrs. L. 
S. & S. Rosenbaum, and has enjoyed an uninterrupted career of prosperity — of which it 
has been most deserving — for nearly seven j-ears. The brothers are of large business ex- 
perience and ample resources. 



132 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILU: 



LOUISVILLE CITY NATIONAL BANK. 



James S. Pirtle, President; George S. McKiernan, First Vice-President; IMarvin R. Wheat, Second Vice-PresI 
dent; James|A. Leech, Cashier; William S. Partner, Assistant Cashier— Capital, $400,000; Surplus, $90, 
000— No. 426 West Main Street. 



This bank was organized in 1865, and its charter renewed in 1885. The cashier is 
the executive officer, ably seconded by the assistant cashier. The president of the bank 
is a practicing lawyer. The first vice-president is the former auditor of the Jeffersonville, 
Madison & Indianapolis Kailroad Company. The second vice-president is a member of 
the firm of Scheffel & Wheat, wholesale dealers in groceries. The other members of the 
board are A. L. Schmidt, who is president of the Pirst National Bank of Louisville; 
•George W. Anderson, a retired merchant; James A. Leech, the cashier, and William 
Patterson, jr., wholesale dealer in Kentucky whiskies. The cashier is a banker of many 
years' experience, having risen from the place of a runner to the head of this strong bank 
by the force of his talents and energy. The assistant cashier is one of the most skillful, 
accurate, and well-informed men in the business of banking in the city. The popularity 
of the officers of the Louisville City National Bank is attested by the large number of 
depositors and customers which the bank has. 

The following statement of its condition on December 31, 1885, made in response to 
the general call of the comptroller, shows better than words the strength and standing of 
this bank: 

RESOURCES. 

Loans and discounts $J 830,0-19 77 

Overdrafts , ]C,tiU3 17 

V. S. bonds to secure circulation 400,000 00 

Other stoclis, bonds, and mortgages 500 00 

Call loans 63,106 33 

Due from approved reserve agents 46,265 86 

Due from other national banks 17,812 58 

Due from State banks and bankers 6,861 90 

Beal estate, furniture, and fixtures 1,500 00 

Current expenses and taxes paid 7,306 23 

Premiums paid 29,000 00 

Checks and other cash items 5,286 14 

Bills of other banks 5,481 00 

Fractional paper currency, nickels, ami pennies 29 72 

Specie " 12,900 00 

Legal tender notes 55,000 00 

Redemption fund with U. i*^. Treasurer (5 per cent, of circulation) 18,000 00 

Merchandise 29,857 57 

Total $1,542,460 47 

LIABILITIES. 

Capital stock paid in $ 400,000 00 

Surplus fund 90,000 00 

Undivided profits 22,485 80 

National bank notes outstanding 359,880 00 

Dividends unpaid 12 00 

Individual deposits subject to check 337,042 48 

Demand certificates of deposit 30,952 13 

Due to other national banks 175,041 39 

Due to State banks and bankers 62,710 21 

Notes and bills rediscounted 38,111 44 

Clearing-house 26,225 02 

Total $1,542,460 47 



THE KENTUCKY TOBACCO AVAREHOUSE. 



S. Caye, Jr., & Co., Proprietors,.Nos. 803, 805 and 807 West Main Street. 



This extensive and commodious tobacco warehouse, situated nearer the center of the 
wholesale business dstrictthan any of the others, was established in 1871 by the Kentucky 
Tobacco Association, of which S. Caye, Jr., senior of the present firm, was secretarj\ The 
old warehouse was on the ejist side of Eleventh street, and the removal to the present far 
more eligible location was effected a year or more ago. 

The corporation named was succeeded, in 1883, by S. Caye, Jr., & Co., the partners, 
besides the senior, being O. B. Wheeler and B. S. Caye. All are practical men, thor- 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



133 



ougbly familiar with every department of the great commercial industry they and others 
represent and have developed to such extent that — as noted and verified by statistics in 
another part of this work — Louisville leads the world in the handling of leaf tobacco and 
is not far behind in the manufacture of the staple. 

The Kentucky Tobacco Warehouse has a storage capacity of about 1,000 hogsheads, 
and its annual business, which chiefly extends throughout Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio — 
though sales are frequently made on European account also — aggregate about five thou- 
sand hogsheads. 

Mr. S. Caye, Jr., the senior of the house, is also president of the board of warehouse- 
men, and has been for some years. To his admini.-^trative ability is largely due the suc- 
cessful conduct of the affairs of the board. Mr. Wheeler was formerly engaged in farming, 
and B. S. Caye has an experience often years in the warehouse line. Thus it will be seen 
that the partners are all young, energetic and vigorous in the prosecution of business, and 
the warehouse is very popular among tobacco growers and shippers in the interior as well 
as with the buying interest here; hence the constant increase in the amount of the handling 
of the staple bj^ S. Caye, Jr., & Co. 



BRETXEY, BEELER & CO., 




Manufacturers of and Wholesale Dealers In 
Saddlery and Saddlery Hardware, Nos. 747 
and 749 West Main Street. 



The South and West have always 
more than held their own, as respects 
Eastern competition, in the manu- 
facture and sale of saddlery and saddlery hard- 
ware. It is an important industry in Louisville 
and largely developed. 

Among the leading houses so engaged is that 
of Bretney, Beeler & Co., the members of the 
firm being E. V. Bretney, of Lebanon, Kentucky, 
and L. Beeler, H. B. Wintersmith and J. L. 
Kreiger, of this city. They succeeded the firm o{ 
Bretney & Wright, who had established the house 
in 1875. Always a leading house in its line, it 
has been especially so since 1883, in the hands of 
the present enterprising proprietors, so that the 
trade covers in extent Kentucky, Tennessee, and 
the Southern States generally, and is still increas- 
ing in volume. 

The goods manufactured by the firm are de- 
^^ervedly held in high repute by the trade every- 
where and among those who use them. Some of 
their brands or makes have attained deserved ce- 
lebrity throughout the country. The senior of 
the firm, Mr. E. V. Bretney, is the proprietor and 
operator of a tannery at Lebanon, Kentucky, 
which, under his experienced supervision, turns 
out a very superior article of saddle leather. The other members 
of the firm are also experienced in their line, and,to their energy 
HI and enterprise in pushing business is due the commanding posi- 
tion occupied by the house in respect to the industries and com 
merce of Louisville and the South 




134 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



W. H. EDINGER & BRO., 

General Commission IVIerchants, Wholesale Flour Dealers— Nos. 135 and 137 East Main Street. 

This leading house was founded in 1870 by Geo. Dreisbach & Co., the junior partner 
then being W. H. Edinger, head of the present firm. His brother and present partner is 
Andrew Edinger, formerly of Cromie, Edinger & Co., large dealers in ice. 

Messrs. W. H. Edinger & Bro. have won deserved prominence in their present line, 
through indefatigable industry and the application of business abilities and enterprise of 
the highest order. They are general commission merchants, but devote special attention 
to the handling of flour, their leading brands, which are especial favorites in the trade 
and with consumers, being the " Eureka," " Camellia," " Belle of Georgia," and " Madi- 
son Southern Mills." Their trade is chiefly with city patrons, and so extensive that they 
use, as business premises, the large six-story building, covering 25x204 feet, at Nos. 135 and 
137 East Main street. This large trade, too, is constantly increasing, showing that even 
the full measure of prosperity so far vouchsafed the firm will be surpassed ni its future 
business career. 

BRADLEY CARRIAGE COMPANY. 



J. J. Burkholder and J. Breitbeil, Proprietors (Successors to C. Bradley & Son)— Coach and Carriage Manufact- 
urers, Nos. 126 and 128 West Main Street. 




"In the business designation of this important and leading industrial establishment is 
perpetuated the name of one of the pioneers in carriage-making in Louisville and the 
South. Founded nearly half a century ago by Stine & Bradley, the firm was changed in 
1845 to C. Bradley, and subsequently to C. Bradley & Son. In January, 1885, Messrs. J. J. 
Burkholder, who is a practical carriage painter of large experience here, and J. Breitbeil, of 
equal experience as a practical carriage wood-worker, acquired ownership and control of 
the time-honored and extensive establishment, and, retaining Mr. C. Bradley as manager, 
also perpetuated the old name in choosing the Bradley Carriage Companj' as a business 
designation. 

Thoroughly posted in every possible detail of the business, the enterprising proprietors 
fully keep pace with the remarkable progress of this important industrial interest, and turn 
out, in large quantities, all the modern styles of carriages, buggies, phaetons, etc., occasionally 
making somewfcat of a specialty also of wagons. Fifteen hands are employed in this work, 
and the trade of the house extends throughout Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and the 
South generally. Special attention is also given repairing of all kinds, with the guaranty 
that it will be done promptly and at moderate prices. The old patrons of the house and 
many new ones attest the popularity and good work of the establishment. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



135 



TALMAGE LAKE ICE COMPANY. 

Samuel L. Avery, President: J. Smith Speed, Treasurer; W. H. McBride, Secretary— Office, No. 505 Third Street. 

The greatest of summer comforts is 
ice, and those who make it their busi- 
ness to supply the jniblic with an 
iibundaiice of ice are benefactors of 
I lie race, deserving of gratitude in sub- 
stantial form — the form of a 'generous 
})atronage. 

The principal supply of ice for the 
Louisville market comes from Clear 
Lake, near Laporte, Indiana, and is 
delivered to customers by tlieTaluiage 
Lake Ice Company, of which Sanuiel 
L. Avery is president, J. Smith Speed 
treasurer, and W. H. McBride secre- 
tary. The ice furnished by this com- 
pany is taken from Clear Lake, a 
beautiful sheet of water near Laporte, 
Indiana, distant thirteen miles south trom Lake Michigan, above which it has an eleva 
tion of 175 feet. The city of Laporte obtains an abundance of clear, soft, pure water 
from the same source. 

The c )mpany own nineteen large ice houses at Laporte, and one in Louisville, and 
handle vast quantities of solidified coolness, much to the relief and pleasure of perspiring 
humanity, urban, suburban, and bucolic. 

The company was organized and incorporated in December, 1874, with a cash capital 
of $45,000, and has ample facilities for the transaction of an immense business. Their 
trade extends throughout the neighboring States of Indiana, Tennessee and Alabama, 
all over Western and Southern Kentucky, and is the largest of any similar company in 
the city of Louisville. 




LOUISVILLE MANUFACTURING C03IPANY. 



Wm. Bennett,Superintendent— Specialties in Furniture— Factory Twenty-ninth and Chestnut Streets ; Warerooms 

Nos. 619 and 621 West Market Street. 



The manufacture of furniture is another leading industrj- in which Louisville excels, 
owing not only to the convenience of its location to the great hardwood lumber regions, 
which are easily, cheaply and expeditiously reached by rail and river, but to the tact, energy 
and enterprise displayed by the owners and managers of the various establishments de- 
voted to this branch of business. As an example of the spirit manifested in this direction 
the Louisville Manufacturing Company supplies an excellent illustration. Established in 
1875, the company lias twice been compelled to change its location in order to find room 
for increased force of men and machinery to meet its constantly-augmenting trade. At 
present the works are situated on Twenty-ninth and Chestnut streets, are one and two 
stories high and cover an area of 50x340 feet, employ fifty men and a large collection of 
fine new machinery, pay $750 a week in wages, and turn out over $100,000 worth of goods 
per annum. 

The ware and salesrooms occupy the four-story building Nos. 619 and 621 "West Mar- 
ket street, with a frontage of 35 feet and depth of 120 feet, well lighted throughout and 
stocked with an immense line of furniture of the company's own make. The leading 
specialty is low-priced bed-room suits, of which many handsome and substantial patterns 
are exhibited. 

Orders for these excellent goods are constantly filled for shipment to all parts of the 
"West, South and South-west, and the connection of the house with the trade tributary to 
Louisville continues to expand rapidly. Mr. Wm. Bennett, the superintendent, is a skill- 
ful and attentive business man, eminently practical in his nature, and thoroughly master 
of every detail of his business. 

The present company succeeded Barnet Bros., who transferred the business to the 
Louisville Manufacturing Company in 1875. 



136 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



FRED AV. KEISKER, 

Dealer in Furniture and Mattresses: Agent for Plimpton Lounge and Sofa Beds, 412 and 414 West Main 

Street! 

This extensive whole- 
sale and retail furniture 
establishment is a credit 
to its founder, who is also 
its present proprietor, and 
to the commercial and in- 
dustrial enterprise of 
Louisville. Since 1878, 
when it was established 
by Mr. Fred W. Keisker, 
the business has continued 
to expand territorially 
and in the amount of 
sales, and to supplant, in 
favor with dealers in the 
interior, the Eastern man- 
ufacturers and jobbers, 
who, erstwhile, practically 
monopolized the trade in 
parts of the South and 
West. Mr. Keisker's 
wholesale trade extends through Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas, Georgia, 
Alabama, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin and other States. His retail trade is also very 
large, and the stock exhibited at his extensive warerooms, Nos. 412 and 414 Main street, 
presents an unusually large variety of handsome office and household furniture, of the 
latest patterns and styles. The house has also the sole agency for the celebrated Plimp- 
ton lounge and sofa beds, and keeps a large and varied assortment of mattresses. 

Mr. Keisker has lived here 35 years, "and, in his earlier days, was engaged in steam- 
boating on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. He next was of the firm of Wrampelmeier, 
Keisker & Co., furnitu'-e dealers, and, in 1878, embarked in the same line for himself, and 
with great success. He is also a director of the Western Bank and Western Insurance 
Company. 




WALL, SMITH & CO., 



Cotton and Tobacco Factors— Gilbert Tobacco Warehouse, Nos. 219 221v 229 and 231 Eighth Street, between 

Main and Market. 



The above-named energetic and popular firm has been very successful in bringing to 
this market largely increased consignments of cotton and tobacco from the productive re- 
gion embraced in Southern Kentucky and West Tennessee. Their experience and skill 
in the handling of these products give them advantages which, re-enforced by their wide 
and favorable personal acquaintance in the sections named, render the firm formidable ri- 
vals on the market, as a proof of which they last year did a business of three-quarters of a 
million dollars, rendering satisfaction to buyer and seller in every transaction. Their fine 
warehouse — the well-known " Gilbert" — two stories high and 300x305 feet in area, enables 
them to ofl^er inducements seldom found, among others that of four months' free storage 
of all cotton and tobacco passing through their hands. They employ a force of seventeen 
men and pay out some $12,0C0 a year in salaries and wages. 

Messrs. Wall, Smith and Harris were members of the former house of Gilbert & 
Hudson, succeeded by Wall, Smith & Co. in 1882. Mr. Harris is also a director of the 
Bank of Henry County, Paris, Tenn. Mr. Wall is also a Tennesseean, while Messrs. H. 
P. Smith and J. S. Bethel are Kentuckians. 

The house has, as before stated, earned a fine reputation among producers and ship- 
pers, giving prompt attention to alTbusiness entrusted to it. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, IX]>IANA 



187 



SHERIVIAX & CO., 



Established 1858 -Wholesale Seed Merchants. Nos. 234 and 
236 Sixth Street. 



This is a house having the valuable asset of 
age and a business record and career always en- 
titling it to the fullest confidence of the trade 
and the public. 

Founded in 1858 bj' Howard Middlcton, it 
two years later came under control of its present 
senior, B. W. Sherman, who had been associated 
with the old firm. Through his large expe- 
rience, ample capital, and extensive busine.-s 
connections, the dealings of the firm in field seeds 
have been extended, from time to time, until 
now practically the entire South is embraced in 
its scope of usefulness to the trade and to the 
great agricultural interests of the country. 
"While making a decided specialty of field seeds, 
the firm also handles fertilizers to a considerable 
extent. The spacious premises of the house en- 
able the carrying of a large and varied stock at 
all seasons, and buj'ers are assured of the excel- 
lence and growing qualities of the seeds. 




THOMAS 3IITCHELL, 



Manufacturer of Boilers and Tanks and Sheet-Ton Worker— Nos. 1711 to 1717 West Main Street. 



This industrial establishment is one of con- 
siderable importance to the man ufjictu ring in- 
terests of Louisville and vicinity. It dates 
back in its history to 1860, when it was estab- 
lished by J. Pearce. In 1875 Mr. Thomas 
Mitchell, the present enterprising proprietor, 
who had previously' been actively identified 
with the " Joseph Mitchell Boiler Yard," of 
much celebrity in its day, succeeded to the 
M'oprietorship of the Pearce establishment. 
He was successful from the first in developing 
a large business, now extending throughout 
the South-west, anti supplied the leading man- 
ufacturing establishments here with boilers and 
tanks, among which may be mentioned the 
Bremaker-iloore paper mill ; Ainslie, Cochran 
& Go's, foundry; the Du Pont P.iper Mill 
Company; The Chess-Carley Co., and others. 
With the increase of business larger facil- 
became necessary, and removal was eflfected to the present commodious quarters, 
171) to 1717 West Main street, where twenty skilled hands are employed in the boiler, 
and sheet-iron work of the prosperous establishment, and in repairing to order. 




ities 
Nos. 
tank 
Mr. Mitchell is himself a fine workman 



10 



138 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILI.E 



PLANTERS' TOBACCO WAREHOUSE. 



J. S. Phelps & Co.. Proprietors— Norfh-east Corner Eleventh and Main Streets. 



It is generally admitted that 
the Planters' is the large.'t and 
most commodious of all the 
tobacco warehouses in this city. 
The enterprise was founded in 
1863 by Phelps, Caldwell & 
Co , and the warehouse re- 
opened in its present spacious 
eiitiretv in 1874. 

President J. S. Phelps, the 
head of the corporation now 
operating the Planter.^', has 
more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury's experience in the trade, 
but did not commence opera- 
tions in this cit}- until 1862, 
when he built the Louisville 
House, a few years subsequent- 
"y erecting the Planters', now 
perhaps the best known in the 
city, anddoing a business aggre- 
gating over half a million dol- 
lars a year, handling upward of eiglit tiiou-aiid hogsheads. 

In 1881 the present corporation was formed, composed of J. S. Phelps, president; 
J. H. Phelps, vice-president; and J. S. Phelps, jr., secretary. The latter are the sons 
of the executive head, and very energetic business men. His long experience, added to 
their youthful vigor and enterprise, contribute to the success of the company, the trans- 
actions of which, although already very large, are constantly increasing, and include 
receipts of the staple from the most famous tobacco-producing counties of this State. 




H. G. VAN SEGGERN, 



Manufacturer of Doors. Sash, Blinds, etc.. and Dealer in Lumber— Franklin Street, near Clay. 



Louisville is, and for many years has been, one of the best market* in the country for 
every description ot building material, not only because of the advantages she enjoys as a 
grand .depot <>f supplies for the prosperous and rapidly-developing regions lying to the 
south, west and north, but by reason of the great and increasing activity that prevails 
in building interests within her own boundaries. 

A ver}' prominent man in building circles here is Mr. H. G. Van Seggern, who, for 
more than thirtj' years, has been identified with the trade in lumber, sash, doors, blinds, 
and builders" material generally, and has acquired the reputation of a skillful, conscien- 
tious, liberal, and reliable business man and manufacturer. He is a native of Germany, a 
prac^tical carpenter and builder, and btis had the experience of a lifetime in his present 
calling. He established himself on Walnut street, near Clay, in 1858, but his factory was 
burned in 1861. Later, he entered the tirm of Hall & Eddy, on Madison street, near 
Clay, removing, in 1870, to Green street, and, in 1885, to his present location, where, with 
largely-increased facilities, he is prepared to execute all orders for either lumber or fin- 
ished work, pronij)tly. in the best style, and at lowest rates. His yards are roomy and 
convenient, the mill U.jxlOO feet, three floors, fitted up with improved modern machinery, 
and employing thirt^'-tive to forty men at all seasons, the wages paid averaging $400 a 
week, and the output reaching $70,000 to $75,000 a year. Mr. Van Seggern makes a 
specialty of stair building, and the many tine samples of his handiwork in and around 
the city attest his skill and taste. It is gratifying to note the success and prosperity of 
such men in the face of ditRculties and disasters. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



139 



HACKETT Jt SMITH, 



Manufacturers of Hackett's " Imperial " Improved Self-Sealing Metallic Casket: Cloth Covered Metallic Caskets 
a Specialty— Nos. 117, 119 and 121 Third Avenue. 




The burial of the dead is not a pleasant topic to contemplate or discuss, but in its uni- 
versal relation to the human family the subject of the interment of departed loved ones 
is full of sorrowful interest. In former years exception was taken to metallic caskets as 
too expensive to be within the means of a majority of surviving relatives, and their use 
was largely confined to opulent families. But the inventive genius of America proved 
adequate to the production of a metallic casket of very superior merit, fully within the 
means of people in moderate circumstances. Such an article is the Hackett "Imperial" 
improved self-sealing metallic casket, patented in May, 1879, by Hackett & Smith, and 
since that year manufactured in large quantities by that firm and sold throughout the 
Southern S'tates, in some of the Eastern, and in considerable numbers in Canada. These 
caskets are offered dealers at such margins as to enable them to supply purchasers at rates 
reHsonable enough to justify adequate funeral display and compatible with the circum- 
stances of the family. 

Mr. Joseph Hackett, of the firm, died a short time ago, but his interest is maintained 
in the house by his widow, Jtrs. M. H. Hackett. Mr. T. P. Smith, jr., is the active 
partner, and the firm remains, as before, Hackett & Smith. 



JOHN G. BAXTER, 



Manufacturer of and Dealer In Cooking and Heating Stoves, HoHowware, Mantels and Grates— Office and 
Foundry, Corner Thirteenth and Main Streets. 



In the firm name of this industrial and commercial establishment is perpetuated the 
memory of its distinguished founder, John G. Baxter, in his lifetime mayor of the city 
and the occupant of several other important public trusts. A native Kentuckian, and at 
an earlv age losing his father, he entered a trade apprenticeship in early youth, and sub- 
sequently, with his savings, established himself in the stove and tinware business. Orig- 
inally the firm was Baxter, Kyle & Co., then Baxter, Fisher & Co., then J. G. Baxter, 
and after a brief cessation, consequent upon his death, operations were resumed under 
the name of J. G. Baxter, by his estate. In all, the history of the old and leading house 
covers a period of al)()ut forty years. 

The establishment has always occupied a prominent relation in respect to the manu- 
facturing and commercial development of Louisville and the South. The foundry, which 
has very extensive manufacturing facilities and employs a large force of skilled artisans, 
devotes attention to the manufacture of and dealing in cooking and heating stoves, hol- 
lowware, mantels and grates, but its specialty is the Eureka cook stove, an article in high 
favor in households and in great demand by the trade. This superior stove is shipped to 
all parts of the country, and the trade of the house, in respect to its other commodities, is 
not only local, but extends pretty generally throughout the South The industry is well 
managed by those representing the estate, and the business is accordingly prosperous. 



140 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUIS VILIJJ 



GERNERT BROS. & KCEHLER. 



Wholesale and Retail Dealers In All Kinds of Lumber, South-west Corner of Jackson Street and Broadway; 

Yard and Mill. Sixth and A Streets. 




The trade in building materials of all 
kinds is a iiourishing one here, owing to the 
vast aggregate of improvements annually 
undertaken, not only in the matter of new 
buildings, but in the repair and enlargement 
of old ones. There is consetjuently a con- 
stant and heavy demand fur IuiiiIjlt, dressed and rough, doors, sash, blinds, moldings, 
dimension stuff, and every item pertaining to the carpenters' and joiners' craft. 

A pi>pular and prosperous house in this line is that of Gernert Bros, ct Koehler, with 
office at Jackson and Broadway, and yard and mill at Sixth and A streets. The enter- 
prise was founded by Messrs. Gernert & Stoinacker in 1879, and has been a very success- 
ful one throughout. Mr. Steinacker withdrew later, and established himself on Preston 
street; the present firm of Gernert Bros. & Kcchler being organized in 1884, and com- 
posed of Fred Gernert, jr., John W. Gernert and Henry Ka-hler, experienced, capable 
and industrious men. Their trade is princij>al]y with local builders, but orders from out- 
side points v.re promptly and faithfully filled at the lowest market quotations. 

Messrs. Gernert Bros. & Kcehler have ample facilities for manufacturing and carry- 
ing a very large stock of rough and dressed lumber and finished work of every descrip- 
tion. In connection with their office, at Jackson street and Broadway, is a fine and well- 
stocked lumber-j-ard, lOOxltJO feet, while the mill premises at Sixth and A. streets are 
300 feet square, and have a switch and track connecting with the railroads entering the 
city. The mill itself is equipped in the best manner K)r the work recjuired. A force of 
fifteen skilled mechanics is Constantly employed, and a vast amount of pi'ofitable busi- 
ness is done. The firm also own some fifteen hundred acres of fine oak and poplar f'oi-est 
lands near Birdseye. Indiana, from which they cut large supplies of lumber for their 
trade. Their specialties, as before stated, are door.s, sash, blinds, and moldings of which 
they manufacture vast quantities, of every size and design, from superior materials. The 
firm is composed of young, active and progressive men, who buy close for cash, sell 
cheap, and are at all times reliable. Their transactions for 1884 amounted to $53,000; 
1885, $65,000; and they confidently expect to reach the $100,0(-:0 mark tliis season. 



NINTH-STREKT TOBACCO WAREHOUSE. 

Meguiar. Helm & Co.. Proprietors— Corner Main and Ninth Streets. 

As Louisville is the largest leaf tobacco market in the world, and as the sales of the 
Ninth-street Warehouse are the largest of any house in the city, it logically follows that 
the proprietors, Meguiar, Ilclm & Co., do a larger business than any firm in the world 
similarly engaged. 

The historj' of this house, which bears so important a relation to the leading and 
largest industry in Louisville, is a most interesting one, both from a commercial and a 
business stand]ioint. It was established in 1855 liy Konald A: Brent, afterward F. S. J. 
Ronald & Co., then changed to Konald, Webb »fc Co., and in 1877 to its present name, 
Meguiar, Helm & Co., composed of Presley Meguiar, of Louisville; John L. Helm, of 
Hardin county, Kentucky; John H.Yancey, of Barren county; John G. Harris, of Trous- 
dale county, Tennessee, and T. A. Meguiar, of Simpson county, Kentucky. It is since 
these energetic and experienced gentlemen tot)k charge of the warehouse that it achieved 
its prominence and rank as having the largest dealings in this great leaf-tobacco center. 
The warehouses of Meguiar, Helm & Co. — for they have two — have a storage capacity of 
8,000 hogsheads, and the transactions of the firm last year aggregated 20,000 hogsheads. 
For a .single firm, this is an immense quantity, as must furtlier ajipear when it is remem- 
bered that the great commercial pageant la.-^t Seiitember grew out of the fact that the ag- 
gregate transactions of all the warehouses in Loui.-ville reached 100.000 hogsheads. The 
thirty employes of the firm are kept (piite busy handling these millions of ilollars' worth 
of property. The consignments are chiefiy from the tobacco-growing distrii-ts vf Ken- 



^ND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



141 



tucky and Tennessee, and comprise very superioi- varieties of the staple, and the pur- 
chases at auction and private sale at the Nmth-strect Warehouse are shipped not only to 
all tobacco-consuming districts of America, but to Europe as well. 

A brief sketch of the business men who have so largelj- developed this industry, 
chiefly contributing to the commercial prosperity and ])r()minence of Louisville, \v'\\l be 
of interest. 

Mr. Presley Jleguiar, the senior of the firm, located in Louisville nearly twenty years 
since as a tobacco-buj^er, and subsequently became interested in the warehouse. He has 
been a farmer and business man in the interior ot the State, and possesses a large and 
practical knowledge of tobacco-growing. The civil war, in which he served on the Con- 
lederate side, left him in comparative poverty, but his genius and business ability speedily 
enabled him to recoup, and since 18G7 he has been a leading business man of Louisville. 
He organized the firm of which he is the senior member, but public enterprises have de- 
manded a share of his advice, know^ledge of trade, public s]>irit and business capacity. 
He is a director of the Falls City Bank, the Fidelity Trust and Safety Vault Company, 
Union Insurance Company, Falls City Insurance Companj', and occupies other positions 
of public trust. 

Mr. John L. Helm, the second partner, also possesses large knowledge of the trade, 
having been constantlj' engaged tiierein about seventeen years. He is a director of the 
Board of Trade and of the Exposition. 

JMr. Yancey, who came here from Barren cour.ty, K,y., about six years ago, was a mer- 
chant at Glasgow, and acquired his knowledge of business as an employe of this firm, and 
■was admitted to partnership therein in September, 1884. 

About the same time, JMr. Harris, who had come from Hartsville, Tenn., entered the 
firm, as did also Mr. T. A. Meguiar, a nephew of the senior member. The junior had 
lived here twelve years, and his faithful services as an employe were deservedly rewarded 
with a partnership. 

CEXTKAL ELEVATOR AND WAREHOUSE. 

Callahan & Sons, Proprietors— Storage and Commission; Dealers in Hay. Grain. Mill Feed and Flour. Corner 

Fourteenth and Magazine Streets. 



It is sometimes 
asserted by rival 
trade centers that 
Louisville is not 
fully provided with 
terminal facilities, 
etc. Doubtless, 
arger and more of 
tliese adjuncts of 
luuimerce wouM 
a convenience 
to our rapidly- 
growing trade, but 
Louisville does 
possess verj' supe- 
rior elevators and 
warehouses, and 
among the best is 
the " Central," at 

the corner of Fourteenth and Magazine streets, which Callahan & Sons own and operate. 
This enterprising firm was founded in 1880, and is composed of J. Callahan, senior, 
and his two sons, J. E. and C. H. Callahan. They do a general storage and commission 
business, and deal extensively in hay, grain, mill feed and flour. These latter staples are 
received on commission from all agricultural and trading points tributary to this market, 
and the storage capacity of the elevator being equal to WO car-loads, the firm can conven- 
iently hold the consignments when the market is a falling one and a forced sale would 
be sacrifice. This advantage is one so highly appreciated by shippers in the interior, iuid 
Callahan «fc Sons so fully care for the interests of consignors, that their business is a large 
and growing one. The storage charges are light, railway tracks adjoining the elevator, 
and handling being thus rendered easj\ 




142 THi: INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



FALLS CITY MA.LT HOUSE. 



John Bauer. Proprietor— Barley. Malt. Hops; Dealer in Brewers and Distillers' Supplies— Office. No. 941 Franklin 

Street. 



Few there are who recoj^nize the rapid growth and development of the malt interest 
in the South and West. Here and there in the larger commercial centers are located 
capacious malt houses, and Louisville forms no exception. 

A leading establishment in this line is that founded in 18G4 by the late John Bauer, 
who died about eight years since, and now owned and operated by his enterprising son of 
the same name. Possessing a complete and practical knowledge of the busines.«, with 
ample resources and adequate producing fiicilities and capacity, Mr. Bauer has succeeded 
in building up a very large trade, chiefly local. Especially is this true of his specialty — 
brewers and distillers' supplies — and for the host display in this line he was awarded the 
premium at the great Southern E.xposition. Mr. Bauer's business talents and public spirit 
are fully recognized in the highest commercial circles. He is a working meinberof the Louis- 
ville Board of Trade, and highly regarded by his confreres in that body. The brewery 
connected with Mr. Bauer's malt-house has an extended reputation, in this section, for the 
flavor and purity of its production, its cream beer being regarded as of the highest rank 
of excellence. The output of the establishment is about o.OOO barrels a year. 



ARTHUR JONES, 



Novelty Brass Foundry— Brass, Copper and White-Metal Castings Made to Order; Copper Brands a Specialty- 
Mo. 146 Fifth Avenue. 




This industrial establishment, which is called "Old Kelia- 
ble,'" and has for a distinguishing trade-mark a red bell sign, 
was founded in 1873 by Arthur Jones, a skilled mechanic and 
excellent business man, who is still its successful proprietor. 
He came here from Cincinnati, and at once took rank among 
the leading and representative industrial and commercial es- 
tablishments. 

The copper brands, which are made a specialty of the house, 
are sent to all parts of the country. Thej' are uniformly of the 
highest order of excellence, and in large request in trade circles 
'everywhere. At the "Old Reliable," brass, copper and white- 
metal castings are made to order on the shortest notice, and a 
supply of Babbitt metal is always kept on hand. In its line the Novelty brass foundry 
is the leading establishment in Louisville, and perhaps in the entire South. Its trade is 
constantly increasing, and its proprietor, in bending his energies to that end, is exhibiting 
a degree of enterprise at once commendable and profitable to him. 



JOSEPH HAXTHAUSEN, 

Wholesale Grocer and Liquor Dealer, No. 311 West Main Street. 

This well-established house, the trade of which is so extensive as to require for its bus- 
iness operations the large three-story premises, 22.] x 180 feet at 311 West Main street, in 
the leading wholesale district, was founded in 18G7 by Joseph Haxthausen and John H. 
Ropke, and the present enterprising proprietor, Mr. Haxthausen. who came hither from 
Germany in 1853, has conducted the business alone since last year, his partnei-. Mr. 
Ropke, having died. His administration of affairs has been characterized by great energy 
and ability, insomuch that he has greatly increased the volume of trade of the house 
while maintaining its already excellent reputation for dealing in first-class jjoods. The 
territorial limits of the trade have also been enlarged, with promise of even greater ex- 
pansion and larger prosperity in the near future, and Mr. Haxthausen's prosperity is a 
tribute to his eminent worth and business capacity. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



143 



COLGAN & McAFEE, 



Manufacturers of Colgan's Taffy Tolu and Druggists, Corner Tenth and Walnut Streets. 

For more tlian ten years from the 
well-known drug-store on the corner of 
Tenth and Walnut streets has emanated 
that pt)pular chewing gum universally 
known as "Colgan's Taffy Tolu." Its 
pleasant qualities as a chewing gum, 
supplemented by its admitted medical 
qualities, making it a perfect tobacco 
substitute and relief for indigestion, have 
made it popular in city and country, me- 
tropolis, village and hamlet Irom Maine 
to California and the lakes to the gulf,' 
and its sales are so large as to tax to 
the utmost the extensive manufacturing 
facilities of Messrs. John Colgan and J. 
A. McAfee, the proprietors. 

The admitted purity of the compound 
has also promoted its extensive and ever- 
increa'^ing sale throughout the country. 
The enterprising firm is a ver}' popular 
one locally, and maintains an excellent 
drug-store at Tenth and Walnut streets, 
where physicians' prescriptions are carefully compounded, and drugs and medicines kept 
in large stock. 

So many having endeavored to imitate and to sell inferuir compounos as the genuine 
Colgan's Taffv Tolu, the proprietors make this timely announcement: "We are the origi- 
nators and sole proprietors of tliis brand of chewing gum, and have our trade-mark regis- 
tered in the United States patent office. Beware of imitations!" 




TODD TOBACCO WAREHOUSE. 



Paul F. Semonin, Manager— Office, South-west Corner Ninth and Main Streets. 

^ 

This establishment perpetuates the honored name of the Todd warehouse, founded 
half a century ago, and the progenitor of all others in this section. * 

Yet the present corporation, organized alwut two years ago with an authorized capi- 
tal of $100,(iOO, utilizes its great experience and large resources rather in selling tobacco 
on commission from other warehouses than in warehousing itself. 

Mr. Paul F. Semonin, the manager of the company, possesses large knowlege and 
experience in this line, and his sales to manufacturers and shippers in all parts of the 
country, at auction and by private sale, are already quite extensive and constantly in- 
creasing. Large quantities of the staple are consigned to the company from the richest 
tobacco-growing sections, and all are handled with satisfaction and profit to the grower 
or consignor. Not being charged with the multifarious cares incident to keeping a large 
warehouse, the manager of the company has ample time to devote to the movement and 
fluctuations of the market, and the advantages to shippers of this freedom are many and 
obvious. 

In the grand tobacco jubilee and parade of September last the Todd warehouse made 
a superb display. In addition to a large flat loaded with hogsheads marked as shipped 
from the several States of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Tennessee and Kentucky, the 
Farmers' Home Journal made note as follows; "The display by the Todd AVarehouse 
Company made what was the most interesting of any special feature of the tobacco 
parade. It was a hogshead of tobacco drawn by a yoke of oxen in the manner of sixty 
years ago, when tobacco was marketed in this way in Richmond, Virginia. There was 
no wagon, but a tongue was fitted to the heads of the hogshead, and it rolled as a wheel. 
The planters of Virginia rolled their crops in this way hundreds of miles l)efore wagons 
were cheap and plentiful." The Evening Post adds that it was the most unicpie feature 
of the parade. 



144 THE iXDUSTRIES OF LOUIS VILI.E 



ARLINGTON HOTEL. 



J. H. McCleary. Proprietor— Corner Main and Twelfth Streets— A New. Nea-t and Convenient House. 



The establishment of a first-class hotel in the imme(Jiate vicinity of the Union depot, 
at the tobacco warehou.-e>, has for many years been a much-needed convenience, and one 
which, properly conducted, could not fail to secure large patronage and yield handsome re- 
turns. Yet no one seemed disposed to make the venture until about two years ago, when Mr. 
J. H. McClear}', the popular bonitace of the Pha-iiix Hotel, took the matter in hand after his 
vigorous fashion, and, after a heavy outlay in ground and building, furniture and appurte- 
nances, threw open to the public tlie new and elegant Arlington Hotel. Tlie house is new, 
clean and complete througiiout; has all modern conveniences, maintains a superb table 
and pleasant sleeping accommodations, and is in all respects a credit and an orna7nent to 
that portion of the city. Mr. ^IcClearyhas had an experience of twenty years as a ca- 
terer to the traveling public, and very decidedly " knows how to keep a hotel." 'His pa- 
trons at the Arlington are principally connected with the tobacco trade, commercial 
travelers, etc., but tlie pu])lic generally will find it a home-like and delightful place to 
stop, with moderate charges and excellent service. 



FARMERS' SUPPLY COMPANY. 



R. H. Hosl<ins, Manager— Dealer in Barb Fence Wire. Farming Implements, Field and Garden Seeds. Fertilizers, 
Grain, Feed. Fancy Poultry and Yorkshire Hogs, No. 127 W. Main Street. 



The steady improvement that for some years has appeared in the yield and quality of 
farm crops, the grade, weight and beauty of jioultry and swine, and the increased profits 
that have accrued from these conditions, are to a great extent referable to the enterprise 
and industry of the importers and dealers in seeds, .stock, etc., and to them both farmers 
and consumers owe a debt of obligation for the benefits conferred. 

Of the more pro'ninent houses concerned in this branch of trade at the South the 
Farmers' Supply Company, established in 1874, at No. 127 West Main street, Louisville, 
and of which Mr. E. H. Hoskins is manager, stands in the front rank. The entire five 
floors, oOxl'OO feet, are stored with goods pertaining to agriculture, stock and poultry rais- 
ing. The assortment of farming implements, n>achinery, fertilizers, etc., is endless, em- 
bracing everytliing desirable. 

In the poultiy and live-stock department all of the most popular strains of fine poul- 
try are represented, as are the famovis Yorkshire hogs. 

Mr. Hoskins has had charge of the Farmers' Supply Company's store since 187C, and 
has been very successful in bringing it to a high point of excellence. 



ADAMS BROTHERS & CO., 

(Successors to John G. Baxten. Wholesale Dealers in. and Manufacturers of. Stoves. Grates. Mantels. 
Pieced. Pressed and Japanned Tin Ware, Hollowware and Tinners' Stock— Office and Salesrooms. No. 736 
West Main Street. 

This establishment, now owned and ojjerated by J. B. and C. AV. Adams, under the firm 
name of Adams Brothers & Co., was founded in 1850 by the late John G. Baxter, as a 
department of his extensive foundi-y, now operated by his estate, as elsewhere noted in 
this volume. The present firm succeeded to the down-town store. at73C West Main street, 
in 1885. These extensive premises occupy a space of 25x190 feet, four stories in height, 
and employ thirty-five men in the important indu.stry. 

As manufacturers of and wholesale dealers in stoves, grates, mantels and the other 
superior wares named in the civption of this article, Messrs. Adams Brothci's & Co. have 
an extensive trade throughout Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, and 
the vt)lume of their transactions, iis well as the territorial e.\tent of their trade, is contin- 
ually increasing. The members of the firm are practical workmen, and energetic and 
enterprising in the conduct of their business. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



145 



JOHN MITCHELL, 



Manufacturer of Steam Boilers, etc.. Nos. 312, 314, 315 and 317 Eleventh Sireet. 




The city of Louisxille lias long been noted for its supciior Lt)iler work, and it is tilting 
that the oldest and largest establishment here engaged in this important industry should 
tiiid ample mention in a vohmie setting fortb the industrial and commercial interests of 
Louiss'ille and vicinity. 

Mr. John Mitchell, the enterprising proprietor of the establishment, founded it in 1871, 
but ]irior to that time had been for twenty years engaged in the same industry in connec- 
tion witb his uncle, so that he has devoted practically all his life to this branch of business, 
becoming a most expert and practical mechanic and thoroughly acquainted with every 
detail of the business and with the requirements of the trade. 

His extensive establishment covers halt a block of space, and comprises all the modern 
machinery and appliances necessary to the turning oui of the first-class work for which 
the house is noted. Twenty-tive skilled artisans are also employed, and the trade of the 
establishment extends throughout the South and South-west. A specialty is made of steam- 
boat, mill, portable and upriiiht Ijoilers of every description, and these are found in the 
leading industrial concerns throughout the large extent of country named. Considerable 
repairing of boilers is also done, the facilities of the establishment ft>r doing tlial class of 
work on the shortest notice and in the best manner being unsurpassed. 



J. B. M'lLVAIN & SON, 



Wholesale Whiskies No. 115 Second Street. 



This well-known house can point with pride to an honorable business record and 
career, covering a period of over thirty-five years, nearly all of which time it has com- 
manded great trade prominence throughout the country in connection with the extensive 
sale of its specialty, the J. G. IMattingly & Sons celebrated whiskies. 

The establishment of J. B. Mcllvain & Son, both partners being of the same initials, 
was founded by the senior in 1850, and has always occupied its present commodious quar- 
ters. No. 115 Second street, the center of the wholesale whisky trade. From year to year 
the enterprise of the firm has been rewarded by the increase of its business, in volume 
and in territorial expansion, so that its dealings now extend from Maine to California, 
and the house has a well-earned reputation for dealing only in first-class goods, while its 
numerous customers attest that the establishment has great repute in the trade. 



146 THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



W. BENSTXGER & SONS, 



Manufacturers of and Dealers in Furniture, No. 231 West IMarlcet Street. 



The senior of this well-known and enterprising firm established his present laisiness- 
here over a quarter of a century ago, and his sons, having heen brought up in the busi- 
ness, and acquired full knowledge of its every detail, were admitted to partnership in 
1883; so that the present firm consist-s of W. Bensinger, founder of the house in 1860, 
and his two sons, Charles W. and Alfred Bensinger. 

The house has always been distinguished for the attractive appearance and artistic 
quality of its goods, yet these elements of beauty have not been advanced at the expense 
of durability, which is an essential quality in furniture. The house also deals very exten- 
sively in to\'s of all descriptions. Nor are the cheaper and most serviceable goods lacking 
in the largo and varied stock kept by the firm; on the contrary, its motto has ever been to 
supply the best goods at the most reasonable prices. Hence the large trade of the house, 
which is not only most extensive locall}% but extends to the better portions of Kentucky 
and Indiana; and hence, too, the deserved esteem in which the enterprising firm is held 
by the trade and the public. 

TORBITT & CASTLE3IAN. 



Whoiesaie Grocers, Nos. 207 to 211 West IMain Street. 



Undergoing, since it was first established in 1858, but one or two changes in firm 
name, ihis house has for nearly thirty years maintained a position among the leaders in 
its line in the South and South-west, 

Founded in the year stated, by Castleman & Torbitt, the firm subsequently became 
Castleman, Murrell & Co.. and the present firm name has characterized the ownership 
and control since 1868. With most extensive premises, covering three numbers and six 
floors, the firm at all times cari'ies a large stock of syrups, molasses, sugar, coflee and rice, 
making a specialty of Louisiana products, handling many thousand barrels of molasses 
annuallj', and a corresponding quantity of the other goods. 

The trade of the house, although chiefly in Kentucky and Indiana, extends also 
North and North-west generallj'. 

Both members of the firm were formerly from Woodford county, Kentucky, but 
have long been resident here, and among the toremost in contributing to the commercial 
success of Louisville and the South. 



GEOROE W. WICKS & CO., 



Tobacco and Cotton Factors, Generai Commission IVIercliants, Manufacturers' Agents for ttie saie of Virginia 
and Nortii Carolina Tobacco. No. 529 West (Main Street. 



Age and stability ha]ipily conjoineil with youthful energy and vigor characterize the 
conduct of this well-known house, which was established in 1853 by Nock, Wicks & Co., 
and subsequently was conducted under the jiresent firm name of George W. Wicks & Co. 

The senior of the house has for upward of thirty years been prominently identified 
with the commercial interests of Louisville and the South, while his son and junior part- 
ner, George W. Wicks, jr., has been brought up in the business, and acquired knowledge 
of every deUiil. The firm are cotton factors, general commission merchants, and maim- 
facturers" agents for the sale of Virginia and North Carolina tobacco, deal in Maj'sville 
and Southern cotton goods, and are Southern agents for the celebrated Blue Lick water. 
Their trade in the tobacco and cotton staples is very extensive throughout Kentucky and 
in the West and South, and on the increase. To the development of Louisville as a pro- 
ductive and manufacturing center the senior of this house has contributed of his ample 
resources, and his practical energy and )>ubli(' spirit have given direction to many success- 
ful efforts in behalf of enterprises conducive to the public good. Mr. George W. Wicks 
is one of the directors of the Merchants' National Bank of Louisville. 



AND OF NEAV ALBANY, INDIANA. 



147 



SCHWABACHER & CO., 

Kentucky Whiskies. No. 105 West Main Street. 



This house, though dating back but eight years in its present connection, has for its 
proprietors business men of long experience in this line, who are thon ughly conversant 
with its every detail. The house was founded by Schw^bacher & Mayer in 1879, and a 
j'ear later assumed its present linn name, the partners being A. and H. Schwahacher. 
The former used to he in business in Bowling Gr^ en, Ky.. and ihe latter was for some 
years connected with the well-known house of Bamberger, Bloom & Co. 

Their specialty is Kentucky whiskies, and they sell not only ihe leading brands that 
are favorites throughout the country, but are also sole proprietors of the celebrated brand 
called the " Keiitucky C<iaching Club," which tl ey bottle tor sale, and which has attained 
great favor thro ghout the country for its popularity and gener.il excellence. Their other 
leading brands are : " McBrayer," " T. H. KipJ^"" Kentuckv Club," "NeAv Hope," " Maj'- 
• field," "E. L. Miles," "Atherton," "Nelson," '-Mellvvood," •' J. G. Mattingly " and 
"Anderson." Most of these goods are sold in bond. Bottled whisky is also made a 
specialty. 

In meeting the demands of their already very extensive and constnntly-increasing 
trade throughout the West, North-west, and East, the firm employs an efficient corps of 
expert traveling salesmen, and the house is rated among the most enterprising and reliable 
in Louisville and the South. 



THE OTIS HIDDEN COMPANY. 



Otis Hidden, President: E. D. Upliam. Secretary and Treasurer; A. E. Knopf, Manager- Cabinet Hardware, 
Upliolslery Goods, Window Shades and Supplies— No. 317 West Market Street. 



This establishment, which is the only one of 
its kind south of the Ohio river, dates its existence 
back to 1881, and in this comparatively short time 
has built up a large and flourishing trade, prac- 
tically covering the entire territory of the South 
and S<iutii-west. 

The ]irincipal business of the corporation is 
supjilying furniture and chair factories with every 
conceivable Vfiriety of cabinet hardware, and its 
list of customers contains every large concern of 
the kind in its territory, not to mention the host 
of small fiictories and retail dealers. Among 
other specisilties it is the Southern agent for the 
Corbin Cabinet Lock Company, for the sale of 
their pateiit locks which are let in by machinery, 
and which are rapidly taking the place of the old- 
style furniture locks. 

It also supplies the upholstery trade with 
everything needed in that business, including not 
only springs, glue, sand paper, etc , but also a 
complete line of covoi'ing goods and trimmings, 
from the cheapest to the most expensive, embrac- 
ing both foreign and domestic fabrics. 

Upholsterers' tools and every kind of supplies 
used by mattress makers are also important 
branches of the business. 

This company are also jobbers of window 
shades and l\li y Naricty of curtain material and shade supplies; and thus form a depot 
of supplies of ali kinds for the entire turi:iture and upholstering trade in this section. 

The otficers of the company have extensive experience in tliis line, and enjoy the sup- 
port and confidence of the trade at large, as progressive and energetic bus'ness men. as is 
evidenced by their large and increasing trade. President Hidden is also vice-president of 
the Kentucky Furniture Manufac'uiing Company of this city. 




148 



niE IXDUSTRIES 01-' LOUISVLLl.E 



GKEEX UIVEi: TOBACCO WAREHOUSE. 



Dr. D. P. White. John W. BroAn and R. A. White. Pro.-retors— IVIa n Street, tetween Ninth and Tenth. 




In'the expressive language of the senior ot this house, as noted by a Courier Journal 
reporter, the leaf-tobacco interest in Louisville has grown, since his early connection with 
it, "from a mole hill to a mountain." Dr. White began shipping here when there was 
but a single warehouse in Louisville and very primitive methods of conducting business 
generally obtained. Buyers and sellers kept their offices in their hats or heads for the most 
part, and the funds to purchase with found place in the pockets of the buj'er. 

In 1867, upon coming to this city, he became a member of the firm of Glover, White 
& Co., at the old Boone warehouse, and eleven years later founded the Green River House 
in connection with Captain Edwards. The firm so remained until September, 1885, when 
it became White, Brown A: White. 

With a warehouse 80x170 feet, and extensive patronage from the tobacco-growing 
districts, the firm has so increased its business tiiat its transactions the present year aggre- 
gate the handsome sum of #300,000. Dr. White was in earlier years a physician of large 
practice, but engaged in farming and raising tobacco on a large scale in Green county, 
irom which the warehouse takes its name. He has been Speaker of the Kentucky House 
of Representatives, was a member <!f the Confederate Congress, and has held various other 
political trusts and distinctions. Though as aged as he is experienced, the doctor still 
evinces much interest in the ))rosecution of the business, and is fortunate in being aided 
in the management of the vast interests of the warehouse by active and energetic young 
partners in the persons of John W. Brov/n and R. A. White. 



COWLES & GLAZEBKOOK, 



Wholesale Grocers an j Commission Merchants— No. 635 West Main Street. 



This well-known house, doing a large and ))rospcrous and continually-increasing busi- 
ness, and, in respect to its transactions, t'overing the States of Kentucky, Indiana and 
Tennessee, was founded in 1881, and three years later, by the admission of James Glaze- 
brook t' partnership, the firm became, as at present, Cowles & Ghizebrook, and is com- 
posed of J. 1*. Cowles and James Glazebrook. 

In addition to the wholesale giMcery line, the firm does a large commission business in 
merchandi-e and devotes special attention to the handling of country produce, receiving 
the sauKi in'choice (jualities and large quantities from the i)roducing districts tributary to 
Louisville. 

]VIr. J. P. Cowles, the senior of the firm, came here from Smith's Grove, where he had 
been engaged in general merchandising, to embark in this enterprise. His partner, James 
Glazebrook, is the son of Austin Gla/.ebrook, who founded and was the senior member of 
the old grocery establishment of (ilazfbrnok. Grinstead & Co., now carried on by Grin- 
stead & Co. The success of Cowles & (Jlazebr.iok in coniparatively so short a time sup- 
plies convincing ]ir<>(if of the business ability of tin; enterprising jiartners. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



149 




Some idea of the magnitude of this extensive establishment may be gained from the 
accbmpanying representation vf tlie works, which cover half a block or more of valuable 
space on the principal and busiest wholesale thoroughfare in Louisville. 

In the largest sense Mr. \V. T. Pyne's is an industrial establishment, nearly allied 
also to the commercial interests of the city, and alike creditable to its enterprising pro- 
prietor and to the city, which more than fifteen years ago he chose as the field of his 
operations. Coming here in 1870, with a practical exi^erience of years gained at Indian- 
apolis, Ind., and at Columbus, Ind., he has developed a trade in his useful line that now 
extends throughout the St)uth and South-v.'cst, and is very lai-ge in volume. A practical 
millwright, an expert draughtsman and mechanical engineer, Mr. Pyne supplements this 
knowledge and usefulness to tlie trade with ample capital Mnd most extensive facilities for 
the manufacture and storage of machinery. In this manner he has been enabled, with 



150 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



his large force of liaiids — sometimes numbering one hundred — to keep up with his great 
increase of orders from time to time. He makes a specialty of portable wheat and corn- 
mills, and in this branch of his business he is so eminently successful as to be practically 
without a rival in this section of country. As a millwright and mill-furnisher, he fur- 
nishes estimates and does mill-work all over the South and South-west, executing his work 
promptly and upon most reasonable terms. 

In his extensive premises a department is also allotted to second-hand machinerj', and 
in this Mr. Pyne deals quite lariCf-ly, receiving and selling the same on commission when 
desired. Not only has the establishment supplied machinery for glass-works, mills and 
distilleries thi-oughout a wide scope of country, but being especially public-spirited and 
progressive, Mr. Pyne's business success is fully merited, and is therefore the more grati- 
fying- " - 

TAYLOR & WILLIAMS, 



Distillers and Wholesale Liquor DeaL-rs, No. 133 Third Street. 



The illustration herewith presented 
pertains to three well-known brands of 
whisky in large trade and popular de- 
mand. The branding upon the barrels 
also includes the name of the distillers 
and wholesale dealers in these choice 
goods — Taylor & Williams, proprietors 
of th-^ extensive establishment at 133 
Third street in this city, and of an 
equally well-known and well-appointed 
distiller}' in Nelson county. 

The leading house in question was 
founded in 1871 by D. H. Taylor ct Co., 
and five years thereafter Mr. J. T. Will- 
iams became associated with the firm, 
which he and Mr. D. H. Taylor, the 
founder, still compose. The senior is an 
old resident of Lo\iisville, and has always been engaged in this line of business, while his 
partner is originallj^ from Tennessee, and was formerly connected with a leading shoe 
house in Nashville. 

The firm employs twenty hands, and its trade extends throughout the Southern and 
Western States, and to some extent in Illinois, Michigan and New York also. The job- 
bing of the brands named has continuously grown in the volume of trade and in territo- 
rial extent. 

The commercial standing of the house is the highest, and it is in the fullest sense enti- 
tled to be rankid here among the leading industrial and commercial establishments of 
Louisville and the South. 




S. GRABFELDER & CO., 



Wholesale Dealers in Kentucky and Tennessee Whiskies, Wines and Brandies— No. 228 Second Street. 



This old and well-known house was established here in 1867, l)y S. Grabfelder, then, 
and lor many years ]irior thereto, identified with the commercial interests of Louisville. 

Not only has the enter|)rising proprietor an extensive trade acquaintance and connec- 
tion throughout the West and South-west — and especially in Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana 
and Illinois— rbut his leading lirands of whiskj- (Southern Pride, Kentucky Belle and 
Rose Valley) are known and distinguished for purity and excellence throughout the coun- 
try ; while the general stock of the house, including a wide range of Kentucky and Ten- 
nessee whiskies, wines and brandies, is admittedly not only large, but superior in quality, 
and especially adapted to the requirements of the Western and Southern trade. They 
have also the additional brands of Elk Horn, private stock of Rose Valley, and Old Mc- 
Brayer. These brands they case. In point of territorial extent and aggregate volume, 
the dealings of this enterprising firm are second to very few engaged in this line in this 
section of country. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



151 



THE NELSON COUNTY DISTILLERY COMPANY. 



N. Miller, President ; John W. Shallcross. Secretary and Treasurer— Distillers of the " Coon Hollow "' Hand made 
Sour-Mash and " Big Spring " Fire-Copper Whiskies— Distillery at Coon Hollow. Nelson County. Ky.— Office, 
No. 256 West Main Street. 




This establishment, well and favorably known 

tliroughout the length and breadth of the land, was 

^ , ^^^, ^ - * .4 / I / \ ''^""ded in 1880 by A. T. Smith A: Co. and R. Cnm- 

/0-sV • — "* ^ Vy^\\, ''^'"* *^ CIo., and two years later the present corpora- 

v/^y'pjp.p nnnnrn \^ / ^ "" ^^'"* formed, with a capital stock of $50,000, and 

^ icceeded to the busine.ss and property of the two 
leading firms mentioned. The distilleries of the 
corporation are located on the Knoxville branch ot 
the L. & N. railway in Nelson county. The first — 
devoted to the sour-mash product — has a capacity to 
work two hundred bushels a day, and the sweet- 
mash distillery four hundred bushels daily. The 
employes number thirty. The leading brands are 
^^ ^ the well-known " Coon Hollow " hand-made sour- 

mash and the "Big Spring " fire-copper sweet-mash. These are sold throughout the 
United States and exported as well. The}- are favor- 
ites in trade circles and among consumers, and the 
sales of these whiskies aggregate millions annually. 
The executive otHcers of the company are well- 
known citizens, distinguished in business and social 
life. President Miller was formerly in the whole- 
sale grocery line here, a member of the firm of 
Gardner cS: Miller. He is a director in the Masonic 
Bank and holds other positions of trust, having 
also been formerly a member of the School Board 
here. 

Mr. Shallcross. the secretary and treasurer, has 
resided here all his life. He is also connected with 
tlie insurance interest. 




MEHLER & ECKSTENKEMPER, 



Dealers in Allegheny Pine. Poplar and Hemlock Lumber, Laths, Shingles and Cedar Posts, No. 901 East 

Green Street. 



For more than a quarter of a century, and alwaj^s under the management of its 
present enterprising and successful proprietors, this representative establishment has 
commanded a leading position in respect to the lumber trade of Louisville, and the South- 
west. 

The firm, which is composed of C. Mehler and L. Eckstenkemper, was organized on 
January 1, 1861. Both partners already had large business experience, the former hav- 
ing been identified with the Hulings' lumber yard, while the latter was engaged in the 
grocery trade. 

The yards of the firm, on East Green and Campbell streets, are most extensive and 
conveniently arranged, with facilities for storing many millions of feet of lumber. While 
dealing in all kinds of lumber, the firm have especially large transactions in Allegheny 
pine, poplar and hemlock, which they have sawn expressly for their use by Allegheny 
mills. They also buy largely in rafi lots in Pittsburgh, and are thus enabled to otfer 
superior inducements to their customers, and bu'ilders find it greatly to their interest to 
seek estimates from Mehler & Eckstenkemper, who fill orders promptly, always shipping 
on the shortest notice. Inclusive of dealings in laths, shingles, cedar posts, etc., the ag- 
gregate transactions of the firm exceed $100,000 a year, and, while the trade is largely 
local, it is continually expanding territorially and in volume. 



152 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



GEORGE 31. ROGERS, AGENT, 



Dealer in Lumber and Shingles— Office. No. 236 Third Street. 



The lumber trade of Louisville is in a veiy prosperous condition, the industry, 
promptitude and fair dealing of the men engaged in it at this point having built up a 
market of surprising magnitude for the product of Northern mills. And right here we 
we will state tliat, notwithstanding the vast yellow pine forests and rapidly-developing 
lumber business of the Southern States, one of the best markets for Northern pine, par- 
ticularly for finishing purposes, doors, sash, blinds, etc., is found in the South. The 
reason is apparent; Northern pine is soft, straight in grain, beautiful and uniform in 
texture, takes paint well, and is not liable to weather-crack under exposure. 

A leading house here in the Northern pine lumber trade is that of Mr. George M. 
Eogers, agent for the great Grand Rapids lumber and shingle manufacturers, Osterhout, 
Fox & Co. Mr. Eogers is prepared to fill orders to any required extent with the best 
material, promptly and on satisfactory terms, either in white or yellow pine. With 
twenty-five years' constant experience and a fixed determination to please, as well as 
unlimited resources to draw upon, buyers will find it to their interest to inspect his facili- 
ties before placing orders. 

WM. ROBBERT, 



Wholesale Whisky, Wines and Groceries. Tobacco and Cigars— Kentucky Sour-Mash Whisky a Specialty- 

Nos. 842 and 844 West Main Street. 




This establishment, founded nearly 
twenty years ago by Buschman & 
Robbert, passed into the hands of the 
present proprietor, Wm. Robbert, in 
1871, and has ulwaj'S occupied a lead- 
ing position in respect to the trade 
and commerce of Louisville. 

Handling a choice and very com- 
plete line of whiskies, wines and gro- 
ceries, loliai CO ami cigars, Kentucky whislvies and wines are made a specialty, and a very 
large trade done tiierein throughout Kentucky and Indiana. The trade of the house is 
continually extending territorially and in the volume of business transactions, Avhicli 
already aggregate over $75,000. 

Mr. Robbert is an old and highly esteemed citizen of Louisville, having resided here 
about thirty-five years. From 18G3 to 18G7 he was engaged in the wholesale tobacco bus- 
iness, and has been identified with other enterprises of commercial importance. 



AVILLIAM KOPP, 

Designer and Carver— Ornamental Woodwork and Furniture Factory— Main Street, North-east Corner of 

Twenty-first. 



Although but a few years engaged in his present department of art and industry, Mr. 
William Kopp has greatly promoted the artistic taste and culture of the people of Louis- 
ville through his handiwork in ornamental designing and carving woodwork. His wal- 
nut rosettes and escutcheons, and, in fact, all his woodwork ornamentations, are models of 
art, and his fancy figures which he designs and carves for the trade and for sale generally 
adorn many of the finest mansions of the city and its environs, for he enjoys/a large local 
patronage for his fine handiwork in poplar, oak, walnut and cherry, which is also being 
extensively called for from other parts of the State. He makes designs from patterns 
and drawings to suit customers. 

Mr. Kopp also operates a furniture factory, in which the cheap grades of furniture are 
made a specialty, forty men being employed in that industry. The trade of the house in 
this department is large and constantly increasing in volume. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



153 



J. O. CAMPBELL & SON. 



Established 1852— Machinists and Machinery Brol<ers— Nos. 216. 218 and 220 First Street. 



Estal)lislu!d as far liack as 1852 by the enterprising senior of ttio present drm, this 
house in tlie fullest sense is representative of the industries of Louisville. It is at once 
large in the area and capacious character of its buildings, large in its manufacturing fa- 
cilities, large in the variety of the machinery made and dealt in, and large in the extent 
and volume of its trade. 

For nearly thirty-five j^ears the establishment has been one of the institutions of 
Louisville. Mr. J. O. Campbell, the senior of the firm, has been all his life so engaged, 
and his son and partner, C. A. Campbell, has been brought up in this department of in- 
dustry, acquiring knowledge of every detail. At the foundry and sales-room may be 
found a full line of machinists' and planing-mill supplies and the following extensive va- 
riety of specialties, viz : Lathes, saw-mills, engines, planers, surfacers, boilers, shapers, 
matchers, pulleys, drill presses, jointers, shafting, gear-cutters, scroll and band saws, 
hangers, calipers, twist drills, set screws, taps, etc. 

Large alread3% the trade of the house is continuously increasing, as the result of prac- 
tical business effort to that end. 



PICKETT TOBACCO WAREHOUSE. 



Chas. A. Bridges & Co., Proprietors, Corner Eighth and Main Streets. 




The i'ickett is the oldest tobacco warehouse in the West, and its senior proprietor, Mr. 
Chas. A. Bridges, has been longer engaged in the warehouse business than any man in 
Louisville. The warehouse itself was established nearly thirty-five years ago by a joint 
stock company, and Mr. Bridges' connection with it dates back to 1857, when he entered 
the establishment as an employe. Four years later he became a partner, the firm name 
being G. Spratt & Co., which designation was retained — although additional partners were 
meantime admitted — until 1880, when ^Mr. Spratt, who had been nearly a quarter of a 
century the head of the firm, died. The present firm, consisting of Charles A. and W. 
G. Bridges, was then formed. 

The Pickett Warehouse enjoys the record of having made the largest sales of any one 
house in the world in a single year — 24,048 hogsheads. This was during the memorable 
year of 1864, and even during the past year, when the aggregate sales of leaf tobacco in 
Louisville approximated 130,000 hogsheads, no other house has nearly approached this mar- 
velous record. It was deemed worthy of conspicuous mention and acclaim during the 
memorable commercial pageant last September, advertising Louisville's standing as the 
largest leaf-tobacco marlcet in the world. In the statistical portion of this volume due 
mention is made of the pre-emineiu*e of this market in this regard, but it is due the pioneer 
warehouseman and his energetic partner here to say that the grand result of which the- 

11 



154 



•SHE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLK 



city is entitled to boast is largely due to the enterprise and business sagacity of C. A. 
Bridges & Co. 

The Pickett "Warehouse has a storage capacity of about 2,100 hogsheads, and at this 
writing, as generally throughout the season, it has that large amount housed. The trade 
of the firm may be said to be world-wide, for sales are made for shipment to Europe as 
well as to all parts of this country. To this oldest, as well as one of the largest houses in 
the West, consignments come from all tobaoco-growing districts tributary to this market, 
for no house is more generally and more favorably known for upri-jht dealings with cus- 
tomers. The senior of the firm is a native Kentuckian and has all his life been identified 
with this important interest. His partner also is thoroughly experienced, afi"able, and 
popular in trade circles. 



VANDIVER & HITE, 



Commission iVIercliants for the Sale of Tan Bark. Staves, Hoop Poles, Lumber and Produce; Manufacturers 
of Pure Apple Vinegar and Cider, PiCI<las. Table Sauce and Tomato Catsup— No. 119 Second Street. 



TRADE MARK. 

As will be seen from the above caption, this firm 
controls a wide range of business, its operations in 
each line being most extensive. As commission 
merchants for the sale of tan bark, staves, hoop poles, 
lumber, and all kinds of produce, and as wholesale 
dealers in bacon, lard, flour, hay and grain, a very 
large business is transacted, and Messrs. Vandiver & 
Hite make a specialty of the manufacture of pure 
apple vinegar and cider, pickles, table- sauce and 
tomato catsup, the vinegar being certified by a lead- 
ing analytical chemist to be strictly pure. A spark- 
ling berry juice, the product of ihe firm, is regarded 
amung the nicest drinks in the world. 

The house is an old one, with the highest commer- 
cial standing, ani]ile capital, and exceptional manu- 
facturing facilities. It was founded in 1869, by 
Leiter & Co., and the present firni was formed in 1884. Mr. J. A. Vandiver, the senior 
of the firm, is an old resident, and has been engaged in this line about a quarter of a 
century. His partner, Mr. W. K. Hite, is also a gentleman of much business ability and 
energy. 




BUCHTER CHAIR MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 



John A. Armstrong and Allan P. Houston, Proprietors— Nos. 831. 833 and 835 Green Street. 



In the commercial designation of this extensive industrial establishment is perpetuated 
the name of the pioneer, in this section, in the important interest of chair making. The 
establishment was founded in the historic year of 1849 by Mr. H. Buchter, and, the pres- 
ent firm, composed of John A. Armstrong and Allan P. Houston, acquired proprietary con- 
trol scarcely five years ago, although both had prior and long experience in this branch of 
manufacture. 

How large an industry chair making has become here, as elsewhere, in late years may 
be judged by the extensive buildings of the establishment at the location above given, 
which comprehend the factory proper, dry house, etc, and iqost complete manufacturing 
facilities, appliances and apparatus. Skilled workmen to the number of 125 are em- 
ployed, and the greatest care is taken in the selection of the best seasoned wood and in 
perfectly finishing the furniture. The specialty of the factory is the making of walnut, 
cane-seated, and fancy chairs, and these are so popular with dealers that the establishment 
has extended its trade immensely in volume, and in res]>ect to territory ships its wares to 
all parts of this country, and to Canada, South America and Mexico. 

The members of the firm are both long-time residents and honored business men of 
Jiouisville, and their prosperity is an eminently deserved one. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



155 



LOUISVILLE INSURANCE COMPANY. 



Theodore Harris. President: James B. Wilder. Vice-President; M. A. Huston. Secretary— Capital Stock, $100,- 
000 : Net Surplus. $80,122.68— Office, No. 291 Fifth Avenue. 



This company is an anomaly in insurance his- 
tory. It may be said, without' fear of contradic- 
tion, no other company in the State can show such a 
record. Indeed, it is rather a curiosity in financial 
\ success: Commencing business on May 1, 1872, it 
J ileclared its first dividend on the following January 
1st. That being eight months, the dividend was 
I made ten per cent. Since then, as each six months 
'; rolled by, an eight-per-cent. dividend has rolled into 
'::^ the pockets of the stockholders. 

A synoptical report of the company, as gained 
from the published reports of the Insurance Com- 
missioner of the State, shows the following interest- 
ing result of thirteen years and eight months' busi- 
ness, ending with January 1, 1886. 

Keceipts and expenditures from Maj^ 1, 1872, to 
January 1, 1886: 

Keceipts — From premiums on policies, $458,009.- 

52; from interest on investments, $177,082.11; total, 

K -5635,001.63. Expenditures— Lo.sses paid, $200,066.- 

19 ; commission, expenses and taxes, |103,577.o9 ; 

■*» total, $:]03,644.08; profit, $331,447.55; grand total, 

.^^ $635,091.63. 

How this profit was disposed of— Dividends to 
stockholders, $210,OUU.OU; laid aside to reinsure all existing risks, $33,508.75; laid aside 
to pay losses in process of adjustment, $7,816.12; net surplus over all liabilities, includino- 
capital .stock, $80,122.68; total, $331,447.55. 

Thus this company could have reinsured all outstanding risks, and retired from ])usi- 
ness on January 1, 1886, and pay to its stockholders $180 per share in liquidation. And 
the man who invested $100 in the company's stock in May, 1872, and still holds it, has 
received thereupon up to January 1, 1886, in dividends, $210 — add present worth of stock, 
$180; total, $390. Making three hundred and ninety dollars returns for one hundred 
invested, without trouble to him. We asked if such results could be relied upon in the 
business of insurance, and were answered, "No; insurance companies, like other financial 
institutions, are sometimes unsuccessful." 

We asked an otficer of this company, " What is the secret of success in the business 
of insurance?" His answer was, " Saying no at the right time — that is all there is in it." 




E. H. CHASE & CO. 



E. H. Cliase. President; A. S. Jerome, Treasurer; Chas. E. Chase. Secretary— Distillers and Wholesale Dealers 
in Kentucky Whiskies— Office, No. 103 West Main Street. 



This well-known house was established nearly a quarter of a century ago by the execu- 
tive otficers of the present corporation and has always been prominent in connection with 
the manufacturing and wholesale whisky interest, maintaining and operating one of the 
best distilleries in the State, in Garrard county, with a capacity of 3,5li0 bushels annually, 
with all modern improvements. 

Ill July, 1882, the better to further the wholesaling interest, the establishment was in- 
corporated with a capital stock of $120,000, and the executive officers above named. The 
trade of the company extends to every State and Territory in the Union, their brands of 
sour mash commanding the highest degree of trade and popular favor and sale every- 
where. The officers of the corporation are energetic in developing trade, posses.sed of 
ample capital and the largest experience. Hence the continued and deserved prosperity 
oi the establishment. 



156 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



LOUISVILLE COFFIN C03IPA]^Y. 

R. Glover, President: W. H. May, Secretary and Treasurer— Manufacturers of Caffins and Caskets, Robes, 
Linings and Undertakers" Supplies Generally— Offxe and Manufactory, Nj. 627 Fcurlti Avenue; Yards, 
Eleventh and Magazine Streets 




The great expense of interment, concerning whicli tlio press and public have had 
much to say, in former years, in censure of extravagjint di.-play, is enlircly obviated by 
modern ingenuity and mechanism, which permits the manufucture of caslcets of cedar, 
pophir, and bUick walnut, presenting all the advantages of the others at such reasonable 
prices as to be entirely compatible with the circumstances of surviving families. 

The manufacture of such caskets and coffins has become a large industry, of late years, 
throughout the South and West, and among the leading establishments so engaged is tlie 
Louisville Coffin Company. This was organized in 1872 by the present enterprising pro- 
prietors, and, during its nearly fifteen years of usefulness, presents an unbroken record of 
business prosperity, both extensive and fully merited. 

In the processof manufacture 125 skilled laborers are employed, and the trade of the 
company is very large, extending throughout the States of Kentucky, Indiana, Tennes- 
see, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, North and South Carolina, Virginia and West Vir- 
ginia, and the South generally. The enterprise of the Louisville Coffin Company is 
further evidenced in the maintenance of a branch house at Dallas, Texas. 

At the factory, which is quite extensive in area and in the largeness and completeness 
of the buildings and machinery, may be seen wood burial cases and caskets of the finest 
designs and workmanship, attractive in appearance and durable. 

Tlie energy of the Louisville Coffin Company has been well directed, and affords a 
field of much usefulness to the trade and commerce of this city. 



JOHN W. CAltUlNGTON & CO., 



Tobacco Commission (Merchants, No. 805 West Main Street. 

In the many branches of the tobacco trade, all have their relative importance to, and 
connection with, that paramount interest of this market. As commission merchants in 
this staple the house of John W. Carrington & Co., on the corner of Eighth and West 
Main streets, is pre-eminent on account of the largeness of its dealings, not only in vol 
ume of transactions, but in their territorial extent. 

The firm was organized in 1881, and is composed of John W. Carrington and Charles 
H. Conrad, both of whom are practical business men, expert judges of leaf tobacco, and, 
in the fullest sense, familiar with all the requirements of the trade. 

Since its first organization the house of John W. Carrington & Co. has assumed a 
leading interest and position in the Louisville market. With ample capital and resources, 
the trade of the house has kept constantly increasing, and ))ractically covers the Eastern, 
Southern, and Western States, a ])Posperous condition of affairs entirely due to Mr, Car- 
rington's personal energy and business experience. 

The specialty of the firm is in handling bright Virginia and North Carolina wrap- 
pers, and in these fine products its dealings are very extensive. Of life-long experience in 
this branch of industry, the firm is pre-eminently prosperous, and argues even a greater 
field of usefulness and profit in the future. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



157 



H. VEKHOEFF & CO., 



Proprietors of Louisville Elevator, Commission Merchants and Dealers in Grain— Office, No. 220 West Main 
Street; Elevator and Warehouse, Eleventh and Maple Streets. 

This old established firm, now com- 
posed of the founder, II. Vorhoeflf, jr., 
and F. N. Hartwell and W. L. Ver- 
hoeff, own and control the Louis- 
ville Elevator at Eleventh and IVlaple 
stn ets, contiguous to the Louisville 
and Nashville depot, with a capacity 
of 250,000 bushels of grain, and enjoy 
tlie further distinction of being the 
largest grain firm in this section of 
the country. 

Their supplies of grain, as receiv- 
ers, conic chietly from the West, and 
shipments are made South, to the 
South-cM>t, and East. The specialty 
of the firm is dealing in grain, and 
as commiss-ion merchants, they have 
very extensive business connections 
in all trade channels, and are leading 
representatives of the commercial in- 
terests of Louisville, all being mem- 
bers of the Board of TraiU', and Mv. 11. Verlioefl^, jr., a vice-president and director of the 
Board, as also a member ot the committee on grain. 

]Mr. F. N. Hartwell, his partner, is a native of Louisville, and was with the Western 
Financial Corjioration lor ten yeais, the same now known as the Bank of Commerce. 

Mr. W. L. Yerhoefi', the junior of the firm, is the son of the senior member, and was 
brought up to commercial life in this house. 




THEASHTON DTSTILILERY COMPANY. 



Distilleries at Eiizabethtown, Ky.— Louisville Office, No. 120 East Main Street— "Ashton ' 
Hill" Hand-made Sour-Mash Kentucl(y Whisky. 



and " Muldraugh's 




The Ashton Distillery Company, of Eiizabethtown, owners of the 
brand presented here, recently reorganized and took a new start in 
the race for supremwcy in the manufacture of fine Kentucky whis- 
kies, with the especial view of producing quality rather than quantity. 
The standard of their goods has always been of the highest, but hith- 
erto the demand has been steadily in excess of the production. The 
brands, "Ashton " and " Muldraugh's Hill," are so well and favorably 
known to the trade as to need no commendation, and the goods are 
strictly straight hand-made sour-mash whiskies of the highest grade. 
Pure water, which has contributed so much to popularize Kentucky 
distillery products, is one of the chief advantages claimed ft)r the Ash- 
ton distillery. Muldraugh's Hill Springs supplies this distillery with water which for 
purity and clearness is unsurpassed anywhere in the State. This, together with using 
only the choicest grain, the most approved appliances, and employing the best and most 
experienced skilled labor, justifies the assurance that the fame which the Ashtt)n has 
gained during the short period of less than five years will be fully sustained in the future. 
The "Muldraugh's Hill" brand is also a strictly hand-made sour-mash whisky manu- 
factured under the same management, and at the same distillery. 

The Asliton Distillery Company have also erected iron-clad warehouses provided with 
patent racks, thus securing a more rapid and satisfactory maturing of goods than by the 
■old system, and stocks are daily inspected to prevent leakage and waste. To the end of 
securing prompt delivery and low freights they have also constructed side-tracks from the 
two railroads between which the distillery stands, thus obtaining the best possible facili- 
ties for the receipt of raw material and the shipment of goods. This distillery is a com- 
paratively new one, but has already exhibited a degree ot enterprise that augurs well for 
the luture. 



158 . THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVUJ^ 



P. SCHANZENBACHEl?, 



Kentucky Leaf Tobacco Broker and Dealer in Seed Leaf^No. 1217 Market Street. 



The marvelous growth of that interest in this largest leaf tobacco market in the world 
is elsewhere in this volume set forth with some statistical array; but in this detiiiled de- 
lineation of the cardinal causes that have led to the prosperity and development of Louis- 
ville as a leaf tobacco market, it is fitting that those agencies chiefly contributing to this 
commercial pre-eminence should be duly recognized. 

The brokers and buyers Imve been prime factors in achieving the satisfactory result 
referred to, and no individual more so than the subject of this voluntary tribute, Mr. P. 
Schanzenbacher, the well-known tobacco broker doing business at 1217 West Mai'ket 
street. For more than twenty years he has been so engaged, with great usefulness to this 
tobacco market and profit to himself. His purchases and dealings are wholly on forcigi* 
account, and he ships leaf tobacco to Scotland, Ireland, and Canada, utilizing his .Vlarket- 
street premises for sorting tobacco only. The volume of his trade has augmented from 
year to year, and expanded territorially until now it has reached very handsome and 
profitable jiroportions, and gives assurance of still further increasing in the future, as the 
due reward of the energy and enterprise always characterizing the conduct of the house. 



H. DARLINGHAUS & CO., 

Wholesale Manufacturers of All Kinds of Ladies' and Misses' Fine Shoes: Also, Agents for the Celebrated J. 
Mundell & Co. Solar Tip Shoes— No. 315 West Market Street. 



In the introductory portion of this volume we have set forth in some detail the growth 
and development of the shoe manufacturing interest of Louisville. It is a large and im- 
portant industry, and among its leading representative houses here is that of H. Datling- 
haus & Co. This enterprising and successful establishment was founded in 1873 by the 
present progressive and practical firm, composed of H. Darlinghaus, C. II. Naber, and J. 
H. Hinkebein. Increasing their manufacturing facilities as the requirements of their 
constantly-increasing trade necessitated, they are to-day possessed of one of the mf)st 
complete shoe factories south of the Ohio river, and their make of ladies' and misses' line 
shoes has attained trade celebritj' by reason of manifest superiority, as well as commurd- 
ing ready and most extensive sale not only in the South and South-west, but in the North- 
west as well, being ihere preferred to the productions of other manufacturers more nearly 
allied by trade lines to that section. In their factory, H. Darlinghaus & Co. employ about 
seventy-five hands in turning oi^t their specialties, and the house also has the agency here' 
for the celebrated Solar Tip shoes inade by John Mundell & Co , of Philadelphia. 



ABNER HARRIS, 



Leaf Tobacco Buyer— No. 926 West Main Street. 



The buying interest, which has so largely contributed to the marked development and 
present pre-eminence of the leaf tobacco market in Louisville, is represented by numer- 
ous capable and energetic buyers, among the most prominent of whom may be classed 
Mr. Abner Harris. 

He has filled this position of usefulness and profit in the market for upwards of eight 
years, and his extensive purchases are made on various accounts, most of the goods being 
shipped East, and in fact to all parts of the country, while some is exported to Europe 
also, the re})utation of this market abroad having been well established through the 
agency of buyers and shippers resident here. Nt) higher trade tribute can be paid to Mr. 
Harris and other enterprising buyers here, than to say that he and they have labored to 
bring Kentucky tobacco and the Louisville market uji to their j)resent high position in the 
eves of the commercial world. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA 



159 



NATHAN BENSIXGER, 



Manufacturer of All K'nds of Furniture, Upholstery and Mattresses, Nos. 3141West Main Street and 228 Third 

Avenue. 



'^ This house, established by Mr. Na- 
than Bensinger in 1867 and still owned 
and conducted by him upon an exten- 
sive scale, is one of the leading indus- 
tries of Louisville and bears important 
relation also to the commercial pros- 
perity of the city. He has been con- 
tinuousl}'^ in this line since coming to- 
Louisville, and liis energy and enter- 
]irise have been successfully directed 
tnward the up-building of his business, 
which now includes trade throughout 
Kentuckj', Tennessee, Mississippi, Ar- 
Ivunsas, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, and 
]>ouisiana. 

Mr. Bensinger's warerooms carry an 
extensive stock of all kinds of furni- 
ture, upholstery, and mattresses, and he 
manufactures bed-room suits of great 
elegance and durability. The first floor 
(if the salesrooms is devoted to chairs, 
bedsteads, bed springs, baby carriages 
and bureaus; the second, to bed-room sets; the third, to parlor furniture, lounges, and 
fancy cabinet ware; the iourlh, to office furniture, and the fifth, to folding lounges and 
camp chairs, including thn celebrated Plimpton lounge and sofa bed. To dealers in the 
interior and to the city retail trade Mr. Bensinger's establishment presents cogent reasons 
for dealing with him ;' his goods being stylish and durable, and always offered at reason- 
able prices. 




WILLIAM BABB. 



Established 1862— Wholesale Produce Merchant— No. 122 Second Street. 

Dating back in its establishment to 18G2, the house of William Babb has, during its 
nearly a quarter of a century of existence in Louisville, always been distinguished for an 
energy characteristic of the New England origin of its proprietor, and has commanded 
trade and popular recognition not only as the oldest produce house in the city, but also as 
the most enterprising. 

Mr. Babb receives produce for sale on commission not only from Kentucky, Indiana, 
and the South and West generally, but also from large portions of the North, and, in 
fact, from nearly every State in the Union. Hence, his trade is large in volume and 
very extensive in territory. His ample capital and large experience necessarily contribute 
to this satisfactory, result, but much is due to his progressive character and the rare energy 
with which he dispatches business. His promptness in making sales and returns especially 
commends him to consignors of produce. 



FALLS CITY PLANING-MILL— J. P. WILL. 



Manufacturer of Doors, Sash, Blinds, Etc., and Dealer In Building Lumber and Hardware— Nineteenth Street, 
Between Portland Avenue and High, and Portland Avenue Below Nineteenth Street. 



The west end of Louisville has been growing rajtidly for some years, and is being 
built with a superior class of residences and business houses. The long-headed men who 
established themselves in business in this vicinity ten, twelve, and fifteen years ago have 
occasion to congratulate themselves upon their foresight. Among those who have sue- 



160 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

ceeded best is Mr. J. P. AVill, who in 1872 opened yards and erected a planing-mill on 
Nineteenth street, between Portland avenue and High and on Portland avenue below 
Nineteenth street. Mr. Will's business is that of manufacturing doors, sash, blinds, and 
other tinishwl work and supplying the trade with every description of building material, 
including rough and dressed lumber and hardware for building purposes. He also makes 
a specialty of counters and store fixtures and stair work, manufacturing expressly to 
order, the same being set up when desired. He has a fine mill and commodious sheds, 
and makes large quantities of goods in his line, a heavy stock of which is kept constantly 
on hand for the convenience of buyers. He employs forty men and turns out from 
$75,000 to $100,000 worth of finished work per annum. 



THE WESTERN BANK. 



A. F. Coldewey, President ; Henry Hunter, Cashier— No. ;309 West Market Street. 

This banking institution can point with pride to an honorable and successful business 
career covering a period of more than twenty years. It was established in 1865, under a 
State charter, with an authorized capital of half a million dollars, one-half being paid in, 
and $250,000 remains as its actual paid-up capital. 

Original 1 J' located on Third street, near Main, it next removed to the north side of 
Main, between Second and Third, and in 18G8 permanently established itself in its own 
handsome and commodious building at 300 West Market street, a very desirable and 
convenient location. 

Mr. C. H. Finck was the original president of the W^estern, and upon the resignation 
of ^Ir. Finck, necessitated by a pressure of other duties, the important trust was con- 
ferred upon Mr. A. F. Coldewey, who has since discharged the functions of the presidency 
witli marked ability and success. Jlr. Henry Hunter, the present cashier, has occupied 
that position since 1870. 

The policy of the bank has always been conservative, with as large a degree of 
liberality as is consistent with safe banking. Thus confining its operations to legitimate 
business, it receives deposits, makes collections here and elsewhere, discounts good com- 
mercial paper, solicits business principally from merchants and manufacturers, and deals 
largely in foreign and domestic exchange. The entire success of the Western is demon- 
strated by the fact that after regularU' paying semi-annual dividends it still has an 
accumulated surplus amounting to the handsome sum of $35,000, and its stock is at this 
writing in strong hands, scarcely ever being on the market. 

In further tribute to the wisdom, sagacity and success of the management, the fol- 
lowing figures, comprising its most recent official fiscal statement, speak volumes. 
Loans and discounts, $533,545.00; cash on hand, bonds and stocks, and due from banks, 
$341,688.97. Total assets, .•?884,577.37. The deposits of the bank on the same date 
(December 31, 1885) aggregated $591,857.74. 

The directors of the bank arc among the most enterprising and public-spirited of the 
business men of the city, and some in the following list will be found mentioned more at 
length in other portions of this volume, in connection with the industrial and commercial 
establishments they suci'essfully conduct. The board is thus composed of Messrs. A. F. 
Coldewey, W. Krippenstapel, J. Dolfinger, W. Springer, C. Stege, H. Dunekake, C. J. 
Eaible, C. Jenne, and Fred W. Keisker. 



R. P. GREGORY, 



Manufacturer of Cigars, and Wholesale Dealer in Fine Teas— No. 300 West Main Street. 



As is natural in a great tobacco trade center, Louisville is the seat of an (>xtensive 
and growing cigar mamifacturing interest. Among the manufiicturers here most worthy 
of notice is the establishment of Mr. R. P. Gregory, No. 300 West Main street. A prac- 
tical man of experience, and possessing a ripe knowledge- of the requirements of the 
trade, his efforts thus far have been very successful and his dealings large. His customers 
are the city dealers, with whom his goods arc held in high favor. His special brands are 
the " Louisville Board of Trade," a ten-cent cigar, and the " Klimax," a five-cent. He 
also manufactures other brands to order. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



16] 



G. F. BARTH & SOX, 



Manufaclurers of and Dealers in Furniture, Mattresses and Upholstery and Patent Wasli-Stands— Nos. 623 

and 625 East Green Street. 



Louisville is the home of many manufacturing 
establishments of modest pretensions which never- 
theless add very largely to the grand aggregate 
of her productions and help to swell the tide ot 
her prosperit}'. Of these, we know of none more 
worthy of notice in a work of this kind than the 
furniture, mattress, upholstery and patent wash- 
stand foctory of G. F. Barth *fc Son, Nos. (323 and 
625 East Green street. JNIr. Gottlieb F. Barth, 
the senior member of the firm, established him- 
self here as a cabinet-maker and upholsterer in 
1848, having emigrated from Wurtemburg, Ger- 
many, the previous j'ear. Like most j'oung Ger- 
mans, he was already master of his trade on his 
arrival, and set at once to work to carve out his 
fortune with his own hands in the New World — 
an undertaking upon the success of which he 
now has ample cause for self-gratulation. George 
F. Barth, jr., was admitted to a partnership in 
1885 and to the management of the establishment 
where he had learned all the details of the busi- 
ness. The building is three stories high, 35 feet 
front and 200 feet deep, well equipped in all its 
•departments for the manufacture of superior 
hand-made furniture, and turns out some $16,000 
to $18,000 worth of goods per annum. All of the 
work is performed within the factory walls- 
framing, fitting, upholstering, finishing and var- 
nishing. A specialty of the house is an ingenious portable wash-stand, supplied with sta- 
tionary marble bowl, water tank, mirror, etc., capable of being closed and changed into a 
handsome table, all of the appurtenances of the wash-stand being put out of siglit at will. 
Besides this leader, the hou-e manufactures and carries at all times a very large stock of 
fine and medium parlor and bed-room furniture. 

Mr. G. F. Barth, sr., is also connected with several other business enterprises, and is 
regarded as a solid and responsible citizen, his son conducting the furniture house. The 
latter is a skillful and conscientious workman, a good business man and a worthy citizen. 




McCLURE & RYAN, 



Manufacturers of and Dealers in Lumber, Doors, Sash and Blinds, Turning and Scroll-Sawing— Main Street 

between Fourteenth and Fifteenth. 



This enterprising firm was organized and commenced business in 1882, as such, but 
both partners— David McClure and John J. Ryan^had in prior years been identified 
with the lumber business, and acquired large familiarity with the requirements of the 
trade in all its varied branches. Hence, in the large stock of lumber and builders' sup- 
plies kept constantly on hand by the firm, all these interests are considered. 

Their planing mill is a model of mechanical ingenuity and usefulness, employing 
also a large force of skilled hands; and Messrs. McClure & Ryan make a specialty of 
the manufacture of doors, sash and blinds, and also do a considerable amount of turning 
and scroll-sawing for builders here and elsewhere, extensively supplying them as well 
with moldings, flooring and sidings. 

ftThe trade of the firm is large and constantly increasing throughout the city and its 
tributary territory. 



162 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



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AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 163 



LOUIS Vir^tE FOUNDRY AND MACHINE SHOT. 



Ainslie. Cochran & Co.— A. P. Cochran, President: G. E. Thurman, Vice-President and Manager; Albert 
Ainslie. Secretary and Treasurer— Builders of Steam Engines. Flouring-IVIill and Rolllng-IVIill Machinery. 
Blast Furnace Machinery, Cotton and Tobacco Presses— Manufacturers of Chilled Car Wheels and 
Axles, Stevens' Patent Steam Packing, Etc.— Main and Tenth Streets. 



For nearly thirty years this splendid industrial concern lias led the van of Louisville's 
manufacturing progress — has been the most extensive and has conferred more substantial 
benefits upon the city than any other personal enterprise, and any pretended resume of the 
city's business advancement that should ignore tlie great house ol Ainslie, Cochran & Co., 
proprietors of the Louisville Foundry and Machine Shop, would indeed be the play of 
" Hamlet" with the prince left out; yet the story has been so often told and is so familiar 
to all acquainted with the history of Louisville that to attempt its amplification were in- 
deed a work of supererogation; consequently we shall content ourselves in this place 
with the simple recapitulation of the more salient points. 

The house was founded by Messrs. Ainslie & Cochran in 1857, and carried on by them 
at first in a modest and unpretentious way, the building of stationary and marine engines 
and boilers, etc., being their leading specialties, to which they added the manufacture of 
tobacco and cott' ii presses to order. As their fame and popularity grew, one after an- 
other a long line of machinery and kindred commodities were incorporated among their 
productions, and the wtirks became noted all over the West, South and South-west for the 
superiority, finish and generally desirable qualities of its manufactures. New facilities 
were multiplied and improved processes were introduced from time to time, the best in- 
ventive talent and mechanical skill that money could procure were employed, and no 
effort was spared to render every device turned out of the shops as near perfect as human 
ingenuity and conscientious honesty could make it. The result of such a course, faith- 
fully piwsued, could not be doubtful, and is before us to-day in the vast and prosperous 
foundry and machine shops of the concern, fronting 157.> feet on Main street by 4lU feet 
on Tenth, a general view of which is presented«on the preceding page. 

It is a busy place year in and year out. Every department — foundry, machine and 
finishing shops, boiler yard, brass works, warerooms and office — is under the direction of 
a competent head, and is a scene of bustling activity at all seasons, all working to the 
same end and in harmony each with the others. Order and system reign throughout, and 
the work accomplished is astonishing, the annual output aggregating hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars in value and being shipped to every county, city, town and plantation in 
the vast region of which Louisville is the source of supply. 

Besides filling orders for thousands of odds a7id ends of tools, machinery and kindred 
goods, the Louisville Foundry and Machine Shop make leading specialties ol steam 
engines, marine, stationary and pumping engines; steam boilers, tanks, flouring-mill, 
rolling-mill i;nd blast furnace machinery; shafting, pulleys, hangers, cotton and tobacco 
presses and screws, chilled car wheels and axles, Stevens'. unrivaled patent steam pack- 
ing, etc., and are prepared to respond promptly and in the best manner to all demands 
upon their splendid resources. 

The officers ot the company are named above. They need no introduction at our 
hands, for their reputations as business men and gentlemen are coextensive with the 
broad territory whose people ihey have served so long and well. 



HENLE & WOLF, 

Wholesale Hats and Caps— Nos. 614 to 618 West Main Street. 



It was the distinguished British statesman DTsraeli (Lord Beaconsfield) who con- 
tended, with much force, that the commonly-accepted saying that " the tailor makes the 
man," is a grievous error Kightly insisting that decoration of the most intellectual part 
of the human organism was to be preferred, he urged that the hatter gives to the nnin his 
distinguishing mark in respect to appai'cl. Our own t)l)servation confirming this testi- 
mony, we the more readily present to trade and popular favor the claims of the whole- 
sale hat and cap interest as conjoining in the largest degree the industr}^ and commercial 
importance of the trade center. 

The well-known and popular house of Henle & Wolf, here under coiisideration, was 
founded eleven years ago. During these years the trade has continuously increased until 



164 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



now it includes extensive dealings throughout Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee, Alabama 
Mississippi and Arkansas, and the house is recognized in trade circles as one of the lead- 
ers in the hat and cap trade of America. No house carries a finer and more complete 
stock, and none more fully commands the confidence of all with whom it has dealino-s. 
This gratifying result has been accomplished by studious attention on the part of the firm 
to the requirements of the trade. The location ot the house is admirably adapted to its 
extensive business, and the firm is represented among its customers by a corps of intelli- 
gent and reliable salesmen, resident and traveling. Mr. Henle, the senior of the firm, 
came hither from Cincinnati in 1873, and has ever since been a representative of Louis- 
ville trade. Mr. Wolf joined him in 1880. Both are good business men and enter- 
prising. 



J. B. WATHEN & BUO. COMPANY. 

J.B. Wathen, President: Dr. W. H, Wathen, Secretary and Treasurer— Distillery, Twenty-sixth and Broadway; 

Office, No. HI West IMain Street. 




No commercial 
establishment i n 
the South or West 
is better known 
than that under 
present considera- 
tion, and nobrands 
of whis ley meet 
with larger trade 
and more popular 
acceptance than 
the " Old Fashion 
Fire Copper Pure 
Kye," and the "Old 
Fashion Fire Cop- 
per Standard" 

Bourbon, made by the J. B. Wathen & Bro. Company, at its distillery here illustrated, 
and located at Twenty-sixth street and Broadway, Louisville. 

The establishment was founded in 1880, so tar as this city is concerned, but the firm, 
as it then was, had existed in Lebanon, Kentucky, for five years previously, and repre- 
sented the same interest. Upon removal to this larger field of commercial usefulness and 
profit J. B. Wathen & Bro. erected a very expensive and most completely-appointed 
distiller3\ The buildings, as appear from the illustration here given, are most commo- 
dious, and the careful methods emploj^ed in the production, in choice of material and 
nidde of manufacture, are most systematic and jierfect. as might be expected when it is 
added that Mr. J. B. Wathen exercises personal supervision over the entire process, and 
he is regarded as one of the most capable and experienced distillers in the State. The 
capacit}^ of the works is about one hundred and twenty-five barrels a day, and there are 
large w;irehouses and cattle-feeding sheds, so that the entire establishment covers about 
five acres of ground at the location named. 

Alwaj's large, the trade of the house of late years so increased that on January 1, 
1885, it was deemed best to incorporate, which was effected under the name of the "J. B. 
Wathen & Bro. Company," with a capital stock of S100,000. Not only is the trade of 
the company large territorially, covering, as it does practically, the entire United States, 
Canada and Mexico, but it is also very larsje in volume, reaching about half a million 
dollars annually. With such extensive facilities, large resources and thorough expe- 
rience and knowledge of the requirements of the trade, the continued success of the 
enterprising corporation is most thoroughly assured. 

President J. B. Wathen has already been spoken of as an experienced distiller. His 
public spirit is equally conspicuous, as is evidt-nced by his connection with other public 
enterprises, among which may be noted the Wathen «& Mason Manufacturing Company, 
and the J. B. Wathen Vinegar Works, of this city. 

The large distillery was burned to the ground on December 15, 1885, but was quickly 
rebuilt, and by February 1, 1886, was in full operation at an increased capacity. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA.. 



165 



K. O. GATHKIGHT & CO. 



Roller Mills— Manufacturers of Flour- 



Mills at Jeffersonville, Ind. 
ville, Ky. 



-Office, No. 114 West Main Street, Louis- 



No volume de- 
scriptive of the in- 
dustries of Louis- 
ville and environs 
would be complete 
without mention of 
the flour-mills which i 
in their operzition ^ 
give employment to ^ 
many skillci hands ^ 
and furnish the chiet B' 
food product to the 
households of this 
section. 

The mill operated 
by Pv. 0. Gathright 
& Co. is located 
across the river at 
Jeftersonvillc, Ind., 

but owned by the Louisville tirni luniud. It (■liiniuriict^Mi WMik in 18ii4, under the man- 
agement of Smyser & Milton, and in 1878 11. C). Gathright ct Co. — the firm being com- 
posed of R. O. Gathright. J. B. Gathright and John Milton — acquired the proprietorship 
and have operated the mill since with great success. The capacity of the establishment 
is four hundred barrels a day, and is operated by the favorite patent-roller process. The 
product is so highly regarded that the copyrighted brands of the mill are everywhere 
sought for, and stand the highest test in having the approval of every household where 
used. 

The trade of the firm is chiefly local and in the South and East, and is very large in 
volume, especially for the leading brands of the mill — " Daisy," " Best Patent," " Ban- 
quet," "Hungarian" and "Silver Lake." 

The senior of the firm, Mr. R. 0. Gathright, came here in 1878 from Shelby ville, Ken- 
tucky, and speedily attained a leading position in connection with the milling interest 
Mr. J. B. Gathright is of the well-i<nown saddlery house of Harbison & Gathright, while 
Mr. »John Milton, the remaining member of the firm, is of large experience here as a 
practical miller. 




DICKINSON FURNITURE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 



John A. Dickinson, President and Treasurer: J. A. Dickinson. Jr., Secretary; Lewis R. Dickinson, Superin- 
tendent—Manufacturers of Furniture— Office, No. 840 West Main Street; Factory, Nos. 267 and 269 Jacob 
Street; Finisliing Rooms, No. 153 Fifth Street. 



As is indicated by the foregoing caption, the house herein spoken of is a leading rep- 
resentative of the arts, industries and commerce of Louisville and its tributary teri-itory. 
Founded in 1853 by John A. Dickinson, the executive head of the present enterprising 
corporation bearing his honored name, the establishment has always commanded a lead- 
ing position in respect to the manufacturing and commercial interests of this section. 

It has more than kept pace with the city, too, in its growth and development from 
year to year, and now practically covers the larger portion of the Southern and Western 
States in respect to territory, and in volume has largely increased and expanded. The 
specialty of the company is the manufacture of cheap and medium grades of furniture, 
and for this it has most extensive facilities. The steam factory on Jacob street comprises 
well and substantially-built three-story buildings, covering large space ai.d fitted up with 
all the latest improved machinery adapted to the purpose. Fine finishing rooms are also 
maintained at No. 153 Fifth street. In the several departments a large force of skilled me- 



166 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



chaiiics are employed, whose average pay-roll approximates $25,000 a year, and the furni- 
ture turned out is not only large in quantity but unexcelled in quality. As a whole, the 
establishment is regarded as one of the most complete in the South-west. President John 
A. Dickinson is an old-time resident, whose industry, energy and public spirit have con- 
tributed much to the commercial growth of Louisville. His associate executive oflScers 
are also enterprising and indefatigable in their business exertions. 



EMRICH & ANI>RIOT, 



Manufacturers of Buggies and Spring Wagons— Nos. 207-209 Green Street, Between Second and Third. 




"The world goes on wheels," and whether 
those wheels propel the colossal ocean steam- 
ship or form an unconsidered portion of a 
child's toy, their value depends upon the skill 
of the mechanic who constructs them and the 
materials of which they are composed. Even 
in the ordinary vehicles which traverse our 
streets tliere are " wheels and wheels," and it 
depends entirely upon the maker whether the}' 
siiall serve the purpose for which they were in- 
tended or incontinently succumb to unusual 
pressure when most needed. It is, therefore, a pleasure to find a sturdy builder of 
whee'ed carriages who takes an honest pride in his calling and studies to render a fair and 
honest equivalent for the purchaser's money. In these days of shoddy such men are not 
as plentitul as blackberries in August, yet they still exist at intervals — bright oases in the 
desert of sham. One of the most creditable firms in Louisville, so fai' as refer? to their 
C')nscientious workmanship, is that of Emrich & Andriot — the former a Kentuckian, the 
latter a native of France — whose place of business is conveniently located at Nos. 207 
and 20Si Green street, between Second and Third. They are manufacturers of buggies 
ifnd spi'ing wagons to order for local customers, and have, by strict integrity and skillful 
work, made for themselves a splendid reputation. Mr. Fred Fleider established the fac- 
tory in 18G8, and was succeeded by the present firm in 1882. They do from $8,000 to 
$10,000 woith of first-class hand work per annum, and are prosperous and satisfied. Mr. 
Andriot has had twenty years' practical experience in his calling and Mr. Emrich nearh'- 
as nuicli. They employ only superior workmen, do only A 1 work, and deserve well at 
the hands of the public. 



F. RUEFF & CO., 



Steam Bottling Wori<s— Bottles of Lager Beer, Ale. Sweet Cider and Mineral Waters— Nos. 143 and 145 East 

Jefferson Street. 



The introduction of bottling beer for export on an extensive scale created a new and 
important American industry, a source of national and sectional wealth, and an incentive 
to American genius in devising bottling machinery. 

Among the earliest enterprises in that line in Louisville and the South was the steam 
bottling works now owned and operated by Frank Kueff and George Kubsch, composing 
the firm of F. Kueflf & Co., who in 1882 succeeded to the control of the old house of A. 
Tempieton, which was established more than a quarter of a century ago. Of course, since 
its early founding, the works have been greatly increased in capacity and in machinery 
from time to time devised and adapted to lurther tl'.is great industry, and F. Reuff & Co. 
are very energetic in prosecuting their trade, which is not only large locally, but extends 
throughout Kentucky, Tennessee and adjoining States. The principal product of the 
works is the bottling of the excellent beer of the Southern Brewery, Louisville, for export, 
and ale, sweet cider and mineral waters are also bottled. 

The growth of this industry in the South and West has been almost marvelous, and 
in this industrial and commercial development F. Kueff & Co. have fully shared, as they 
deserved to, their business fully keeping pace with the constantly-increasing requirements 
of the trade here and elsewhere. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



167 



SOUTHERIs" OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE. 



George Spalding, Manager: Agricultural Implements— Ninth Street and Magnolia Avenue. 




This is ail establishment of great usefahiess to the agricultural implement industry. 
The object of the enterprise, which was established in 1883, and has always been under 
the experienced management of Mr. George Spalding, comprehends a combination of 
agricultural implement manufacturers and companies to sell, store and transfer agricult- 
ural implements and farm machinery. The manufactories so represented are at present 
principally the Keystone Manufacturing Company, of Sterling, Illinois; the J. I. Case 
Plow Works, of Kacine, Wisconsin ; the Olds Wagon 'Works, Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
and others. 

The establishment also stores and transfers farm machinery for other companies, and 
sells these goods throughout Kentucky and Tennessee principally, in large quantity, 
further extending its trade to other Southern points, and even North, as circumstances 
may justify or require. 

So extensive is the business that the building utilized for storage covers a space of 
225x160 feet, with a platform 125 feet long by twenty-five feet in width. The specialties 
handled include skid, portable and traction engines, threshers^ saw-mills, riding and 
walking plows, cultivators and harrows, farm freight, cane and cotton wagons, corn- 
planters, cider mills, feed cutters, sulky rakes, hay loaders, disc harrows, hand and power 
corn-shellers, grain drills, road scrapers and the like. The concern is in a most flourish- 
ing condition. 



HERMAN MARCUS, 



Dealer in Paints, Oils, Varnishes. Brushes, French and American Window Glass, Etc., Nos. 239 and 241 East 

Market Street. 



This is an old house, having been established in 1853 by its present enterprising pro- 
prietors, and during its over thirty years existence it has always occupied a commanding 
position in respect to the trade and commerce of Louisville and tributary territory. 

However, so large and constantly-increasing has been the local demand for the supe- 
rior wares kept by Mr. Marcus, that he has found little time, heretofore, to solicit outside 
trade, or to do more in that regard than to fill the orders which the fame of his goods 
has brought to him unsolicited. His paints, oils, varnishes, brushes, and French and 
American window-glass are accepted by the trade as a standard of excellence. Mr. 
Marcus is an old resident of Louisville, and his experience in this line of business covers 
the larger portion of his life. Hence his knowledge of the requirements of the trade, 
and hence, also, his success in this important branch of commerce. 



168 THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUIS VlLlJi; 



THE BANK OF COMMERCE. 



John B. Smith, PresiJent; H. M. Burford, Cashier— A Splendid Institution— North-east Corner of Second and 

Main Streets. 



It has been noted in another portion of this work that Louisville is unusually well sup- 
plied with excellent banking facilities. Indeed, it is doubtful if any American city of like 
population nnd business interests can boast of more or better institutions of this kind. 
And it is also noteworthy that there is an apparent emulation among the banks to encour- 
age legitimate enterprise in every direction, and extend aid and comfort to those who 
embark therein. 

One of the oldest, most liberal and popular of the Louisville banks is the Bank^f 
Commerce, that for twenty years has handled the funds and looked faithfully after the 
interests of thousands of depositors and regular customers, with never a breath of sus- 
picion against its management. The officers are men of the highest standing in every 
relation of life, and, whether as bankers or citizens, have earned and seem likely to enjoy 
for many years the confidence, respect and kindest regard of the communitj'. Mr. John 
B. Smith is president, and Mr. H. M. Burford cashier, both able financiers and popular 
gentlemen. The board of directors is composed of the following-named prominent mer- 
chants, manufacturers, professional men and capitalists: John B. Smith, Silas F. Miller, 
B. F. Guthrie, John White, Fred Leib, Jacob F. Weller, W. O. Dodd, John D. Taggart 
and H. M. Burford. 

The statement for the six months ending December 31, 1885, shows a capital of 
$800,000; sur]ihis fund, $88,073.75; deposits, $902,665.07. A dividend of three per cent, 
was also declared, which attests the flourishing condition of the bank. The deposits 
throughout the year vary from $850,000 to $900,000. 

The building occupied by the Bank of Commerce is a very convenient and elegant 
structure, the bank itself requiring the first floor, 25x125 feet, fitted up in the best style, 
and the basement. 

A general banking business is done, embracing all the legitimate branches, such as 
loans, deposits, collections, etc. Correspondents of this bank are: The United States 
National, of New York; L. Alexander & Co., New York; Union National of Chicago; 
and First National of Cincinnati. 



JOSEPH HALL, 



Manufacturer of and Dealer in All Kinds of Building and Furniture Lumber, Laths. Pickets, Bed Slats, Saw- 
dust and Kindling Wood— Office, No. 1000 Fulton Street. 



The name of Joseph Hall has been identified with the Louisville lumber trade for 
many years, and for sixteen of them with his present mill and yards, on Fulton street, 
between Cabel and Wenzel. He entered the lumbering industry forty -two years ago in 
Warren count\% Pennsylvania, later embarked in the oil business, then came to Ken- 
tucky, invested heavilj' in timber and mineral lands, and subsequently, in connection with 
Chapin Hall, purchased the Matt Ferguson mill and lumber-j'ard. In 1870 he became 
sole owner, and since then has conducted the concern on his individual account. The 
yards were originally opened by Mr. Matt Ferguson in 1829, and, with the mill, comprise 
the oldest lumber plant in Louisville now in existence. It embraces sixteen and a half 
acres of ground lying between Fulton street and the river, of which 646 feet belong to 
Mr. Hall and 104 feet are leased from others. The business requires the services of from 
thirty-five to sixty men, as the season may demand, and the running expenses average 
$100 per diem. The trade is chiefly with local builders, and varies with the activity or 
dullness of building operations from $110,000 to $202,000 a year, the latter figure having 
been reached in 1885, the most prosperous season ever known in Louisville. 

• Mr. Hall's stock of all kinds, grades and qualities of building and furniture lumber is 
beyond question the largest in this market, and comprises everything in that line that 
is salable, including a wide range of fine and medium hardwoods, Northern white and 
yellow pine. Southern yellow pine and poplar of all kinds and dimensions. Particular 
attention is given to orders for laths, pickets, bed-slats, sawdust and kindling-wood, of 
which immense quantities are kept in stock. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



169 



THE ANDERSON AND NEI^SON DISTILLERIES COMPANY. 



Distillers of Fine Kentucky Bourbon. Rye and Malt Whiskies— Office. No. 116 East Main Street- 
Herman Beckurts, President: Frederic W. Adams. Secretary 




This corporation was organized May 1, ISS'). with an authorized cajiital of $100,000, 
since increased to $6()0,UtiO, for the purpose of purchasing and operating the extensive 
distillery property lately owned by the Newcomb-Buchanan Company, which is generally 
admitted to be the finest and most valuable property of the itind in the State of Ken- 
tucky. This property consists of three distilleries, known as the Anderson, Nelson and 
Buchanan. located at Hamilton avenue and Gregory street, in the suburbs of Louisville, 
and which are fitted up, regardless of cost, with all the most modern improvements for 
the manufacture of the celebrated old-fashioned Kentucky Bourbon and rye whiskies. 
The distillenies have a combined mashing capacity of 4,855 bushels of grain per day, 
capable of producing nearly five hundred barre's of whisky every twenty-four hours. 
The warehi'uses attached to the distilleries have a capacity for storing over seventy-five 
thousand barrtds of whisky, and are all heated by steam during the winter months, in 
order to insure an even temperature throughout the year, whicli is most desirable for 
rapidly maturing and developing whiskies. The several departments of the works, com- 
prising grain elevators, malt l<ilns, cattle stables, and all other conveniences necessary to 
make up a pt'rfect distillery plant, cover about nine acres of ground. 

Alter numerous costly experiments for the purpose of securing a supply of water of 
the quality most desirable for distilling purposes, a site was selected about half a mile 
from tlie distillery premises, from which the water is pumped direct to the distilleries 
thi-uugli an eight-inch main, the pumps having a capacity to supply 1,500,000 gallons of 
water every twenty-four hours. 

The Anderson, Nelson and Buchanan brands of whisky have a national reputation, 
and are sold hy every leading house throughout the country. Some idea of the immense 
consumption of these whiskies, and of the extent of the business done by the Anderson 
and Nelson Distilleries Company may be derived from the fact that during the six months 
ending 81st of December, 1885, this company paid to the government $499,004 60 in taxes, 
which is about one-sixth of the entire collection of the Fifth District of Kentucky. 

The executive officers ot the company are well-known business men of the largest 
experience and highest commercial standing. 

12 



170 THF INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



THE MASOXIC SAVINGS BAXK. 



Jacob Krieger, Sr., President; J. H. Egelhoff, Cashier— No. 304 West IVIain Street. 



In its full history this establishment can claim to be of age, having reached its major- 
ity last January. But when tirst establ shed, in 186G, it was as '-The 3Iasonic Savings 
Institution," with a capital ot but S-")G,000. Tliis was at a time when the Masonic fra- 
ternity had recently erected a temple and deemed it wise also to establish a savings insti- 
tution ; but the enterpri>e in that direction did not prove a success, so in 1868 Mr. Jacob 
Krieger, sr., took charge as cashier, and the name being changed to the " Masonic Sav- 
ings Bank." the capital was increased to $250,000. From that time dates the continual 
prosperity of the bank. 

In 1872 Cashier Krieger was promoted to the presidency of the bank, and was suc- 
ceeded in the cashiership by Mr. Wi liam Egelhott', formerly the teller, who resigned in 
Feliruary, 1882, and was succeeded by J. H. Kgelholf. In the hands of these faithful, 
efficient and experienced executive officers a career o) prosperity, which still obtains, wjis 
entered upon, and in 1875, when the pressure for ready money was generally lelt in bank- 
ing circles and the monetary depression of 1873 had yet hardly passed away, the Masonic 
Savings Jiaiik had its cotlers so lull that it was enabled to extend financial support to 
many industrial and commercial enterprises, and its deposits continued to increase. It 
was at this period too, that the bank increasedits active capital from >250,000 to .-JSCO,- 
000; but the old figure was again restored in 1880, when, deposits having so increased as 
to accumulate unnecessarily large reserves, the management bought in and canceled $50,- 
000 of its stock, thus 'reducing the capital to its present figure — '■250,000. 

Tne MmsouIc adds to its commercial and general banking business — which compre- 
hends receiving deposits, dealing in domestic exchange, making loans and collections — 
a savings dej)artment, as its name implies, and here pays three per cent, interest on depos- 
its in sums of one dollar or more, if remaining over a month. 

The last official statement of the bank, under date of December 31, 1885, shows it to 
have comm(!nced the present vear with the followinir irratifving exhibit of resources: 
Eesources— Office furniture, -^1, 000; bills discounted, $^'J,4(il. 80; real estate. $41,028.1 (!; 
bonds and stock, S12G 755.65; call loans, $65,947.57 ; cash. .$77,979.59; due bv banks, $49,- 
694.61; total, $1,302,467.38. Liabilities— Capital stock, $25i'.000; surplus,' *80.000; un- 
divided profits, 54.486.44; deposits, $882,714.01; dividend No. 35, $10,000; dividends 
unclainiel. t736; due to banks, $74,530.03; total, -1.302,467.38. 

At this writing the bank has a surplus of $80,000. alter paying its usual semi-annual 
dividend — which it has never but once missed uiubr President Krieger's administration — 
last January. As further and most potent evidence of successful management, it may be 
stated that while the par value of the shares of stock is but "25 they have appreciated to 
$34 each, or thirty -six per cent, premium, and holders have declined to sell at Si 35. 

Some personal mention is due the executive officers whose management has brought 
about this large mea-ure of prosperity. President Krieger, from some years' experience 
clerking in wholesale houses, passed to a desk in the Merchants' National Bank. This in 
1862. Three years later he was cashier of the Western Insurance Company up to the 
ti ne he took charge of this bank he has so successfullv directed. He is also a director of 
the Gait House Company, and of the Maysville Water Companj-, of Maj-sville, Ky., and 
identified with other public enterprises. 

Cashier Egelhoft" has grown up in the service of this bank, earning his promotion to 
his present trust, and he ha-* proven a worthy coadjutor to its executive head. 

The directors are business men of large experience and ability, the present board being 
composed of Messrs. W. McKnight, N. Miller, Henry Peter, E. G. Hall, and President 
Krieger. 



H. COLLINGS & CO., 



Wholesale Dealers in Seeds and Agricultural Implements— No. 224 West Main Street. 



This house was established in October, 1881, by Huft'aker, Collings & Co.. but changed 
to the present style vi firm the succeeding year. The senior, Mr. Hardin Collings, is a 
native of Louisville, and was formerly engaged in leading houses here as a book-keeper. 
Since his establishment in this line he has built up a very large business in seeds, extend- 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



171 



ins: not only throughout the United States and Canada, but reaching Europe as well. 
Handling all kinds of field seeds, he has a largo and efficient corps of salesmen, who travel 
in the interest of the house throughout the coiuitry. 

In the way of agricultural implements the firm handles all the approved kinds as 
transfer agents, and does a large business in this behalf also. Mr. Collings is active and 
energetic in the prosecution of trade, enterprising, and public spirited. His present sue 
cess augurs well for an even larger degree of commercial prosperity in the future. 



APPLEGATE & SONS, 



Distillers of the Rasebud and Beecliwood Whisl<ies and Whole>ale Dealers in Wliisl<y— Distilleries at Yelving- 
ton, Daviess County, Ky.: Office, No. 122 East Main Street, Louisville, Ky. 




The trade-mark, here reproduced, of this house is well 
known thrdughout the United States as guaranteeing a 
strictly pure hand-made sour-mash, distilled from care- 
fully-selected grain and believed to be iul'erior to none 
made in this entii-e country. The firm also guarantees 
that the " Rosebud " and " Beechwood " v/hiskies are well 
matured, fragrant, mellow, and have a delicious flavor. 
They are recommended for family and medicinal pur- 
poses. The house was established in 18G9, and the time- 
honored firm name is still 



retained, although the 
senior died in I880, since 
which time his sons, William E. and C. G. Applegate, 
have conducted the business with an even larger degree 
of success than characterized its earlier years. The house 
owns and operates two distilleries in Yelvington, Daviess 
county, Kentucky, having a joint producing capacity of 
twenty-five barrels daily. Phis product is very highly 
regarded in trade circles and by consumers, and the lead- 
ing brands, "Rosebud" and "Beechwood," command 
very ready sale in all parts of the country. 




W. ORMSBY WATTS, 



Blank Book Manufacturer, Binder, etc.— No. 247 Fifth Avenue. 



The demands of literature and of the commercial counting-room would not be fully 
supplied without the binder and blank book manufactunr. His office and function form 
a most important industrial interest, also very closely allit-d to all avenues of commerce. 

Louisville is not lacking in respect to this important adjunct, and among the leading 
binders and blank book manufacturers south of the Ohio river is W. Ormsby Watts, having 
extt^n-ive manuiacturing facilitie< at No. 247 Fifth avenue. Mr. Watts served an appren- 
ticeiship at this trade, by his skill and dexterity won the position of foreman, and finally, 
in 1879, attained the eminence of becoming proprietor of his presf-nt establishment. His 
knowledge and experience being supplemented by business energy, he bus found no diffi- 
culty in developing a large run of custom, and in the manufacture of blank books has 
attained considerable and dest-rved distinction for the completeness and general excellence 
of his work. In the binding of music books, magazines, etc., his trade is also large, for 
the establishment does this class of work in the neatest style and with desirable prompt- 
ness. iSo Mr. Watts' business success is fully merited. 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 173 



NANZ & NEUNER, 



Florists, Seedsmen and Nurserymen— Nursery and Greenhouse at St. Matthews, Ky.; Floral Bazar and Seed 

Store, No. 582 Fourth Avenue. 



Few visitors to the city, and, indeed, fewer still of residents of Louisville, fail to appre- 
ciate tlie attractions of Fourth avenue as a popular promenade. Among the prineijtal of 
these attractions to the sight-seer is the floral bazar, seed-store and greenhouse of iSanz 
»& Neuner, at No. 582, near Walnut street. 

Since 18jO this enterprising tirni, representing the cut flower, plant and seed interest, 
has been connected with these, nature's voiceless, beauteous gems of tender life, yet tresh 
and fair, and no florists in this section of country have done more to promote a cultured 
taste in respect to floral decoration for public and private purposes. 

Messrs. Naiiz & Neuner, commencing their work of uselulness upon a comparatively 
small scale, have, from time to time, developed the floral interest tiiey represent, until now 
it is recognized as a large business industry, and continues to enlarge as culture and a de- 
sire for natural ornamentation increase. They have a nursery and thirty greenhouses at 
St. Matthews — the third station out on the L. & N. railroad — and these are u-ed in which 
to grow lilies, rosebuds, hyacinths, lilies of the valey, caila lilies, camellias, and many other 
vai'ieties of choic^e plants, from Avhich buds and flowers are cut daily and sold fresh at the 
down-town floral b zar of the flrn'i. This store or depot is especially lai'ge una in its ap- 
pointmei ts w^ell adapted to tlie jnirposes of floral display. All kinds of appropriate 
designs are kept on hand and made to order for weddings receptions, funerals and other 
occasions, public and private, where flowers may be so utilized. Besides being largely 
sold in the citj-, the Arm ships a considerable portion of these products of art and nature 
to various tributary points, where they adorn church fe-tivals, and schools, and scholastic 
occasions, everywhere bringing fragrance and evoking tribute to the God of nature, and 
to the adept in arranging these exotics so as to present, in harmonious blending, their 
greatest beauties. 

The better to insure the fresh condition of these flowers, the firm keeps on hand a large 
stock of neat devces in the way o ornamental baskets tor shipping in, and so well 
arranges and packs the same as to be able to guarantee the fresh condition of the flowers 
upon reaching their destination. All orders from city or country are tilled upon their re- 
ceipt. 

An illustrated price catalogue of one hundred pages, printed on fine paper, is issued 
the first of every j'ear, and mailed free to all applicants. It is the only complete ctta- 
logue in this line printed and published hi the South, and contains many useiul hints to the 
cultivator of flowers, plants, and iVuits. 

It may be added that at their Fourth avenue floral bazar — which is at all times a 
bower of beauty — Messrs. Nanz & Neuner also keep gold fl>h, imported artificial ])lants, 
fish globes, fine pottery, etc., in large variety and beauty, for sale. The house also impoits 
bulbs and seeds direct from Europe, and no establishment c;in afford greater inducements 
to city and country buj^ers. 

W. L. MARTIX & CO., 



Manufacturers of Brooms and Brushes, and Dealers In Broom Material, Wooden Ware, etc.— Wholesale State 
Agents for the Thurston Silver Polish, 171 Fourth Avenue. 



This important industry, although comparatively recently established, is one of large 
promise for the future, and has already developed an extensive trade in the city. In the 
latter interest a full line of wooden ware ha^ recently been added and finds ready sale. 
Brooms and brushes of a very superior character are manufactured by the firm, and the 
house also deals extensively in broom materials. The wliolesale State agency for the re- 
nowned Thurston Silver Polish is aiso held by AV. L. Martin & Co., who sell large quan- 
tities to retail dealers in the interior of the ^tate, as well as supplying the city trade. 

Mr. W. L. Martin, the senior of the firm, was, prior to joining this enterprise in 1884, 
engaged with the firm of J. B. Wathen cV: Co. for eight years, and his partner, Mr. A. 
M. Adams, was a member ot that firm. Thus, it will be seen, that both partners are gen- 
tlemen are of large business experience; and this, added to ample capital ami manutactur- 
ing facilities, together with the well-known enei'gy and enterprise of the house lias con- 
tributed to the large success of W. L. Martin & Co. the past year, and gives assurance of 
an even greater success in the future. 



174 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



R. KNOTT & SONS. 



Louisville's Fashionable Dry Goods Emporium and Dress-Making Establishment— Removed to tlie Thomas 
Block, Nos. 551 to 557 Fourth Avenue. 




In 'March Messrs. K. Knott & Sons removed their great dry 
goods and dress-making establishment to the Thomos Blocl<. 
Nos. 551 to 557 Fourth avenue, where, on the 3Uth of Maroli. 
occurred such an "opening" as is seldom recorded twice in tin 
hi!?tory of any mercantile concern. 

The ground floor, formerly three business houses, had for sonu 
time been undergoing a course of remodeling and alteration, h\ 
mea'.s of which it was thrown into one large and admirably-ar 
ranged room, 64x140 feet in extent, lighted by two handsomi 
windows from the front, five large sky-lights, and rows of win- 
dows on the east and south. The two show-windows attract tin 
attention of every passer-by. 

The second and third floors are occupied by the dress-making department, at tiie head 
of which is Madame Reimer, whose taste, skill and polite attention have won lor her and 
for this firm wide popularity. . On the second floor is a ladies' reception-r.'om, in charge 
of a maid, whose duty it is to see that all visitors have every per-onal attention. Fashion 
and literary journals are there in abundance, letter and note paper, ink and pens, and 
messenger boys to receive or deliver messages. All this service is rendered free of 
charge, the purpose being to make it a recoi^nized rendezvous for friends who are on a 
shopping excursion, or for visitors from a distance who wish some central headquarters 
where packages or hand-bags can be left or sent and all the prizes of a day's shopping 
gathered together. Adjoining this parlor are the rooms of Madame lieimer, where 
measures are taken, costumes designed and dresses fitted. On the third floor, light and 
well ventilated, are the sewing-rooms, capable of accommodating *200 girls comfortably. 
The career of the firm is worthy of more than passing notice. Mr. R. Knott, the 
senior member and founder, launched into business life at Frankfort forty-six years ago,, 
having been engaged in river improvements previous to that time. After fourteen years' 
experience there he removed to Louisville, where he entered the dry goods trade. Of his 
six sons, four— J. R., W. T., T. M. and E. Q.— are associated in the' firm; R. W. is on the 
Courier-Journal staff and S. R. Knott is assistant to President Smith, of the L. & N. rail- 
road. The lour first named are practicial dry goods men, bred to the business, polite, 
obliging and popular. 

"This is an establishment of which Louisville has a right to boast, and one which can 
not but prove of great value to the city. 



H. F. KRIEGER, 



Sole Bottler of Phoenix Brewing Company's Lager, Madison and Cincinnati Ales and Porter— Nos. 135 and f 37 

Fourth Avenue. 

The bottling of lager beer, undertaken in this country comparatively a few years ago. 
upon a large scale, created a new and important American industry, a source of national 
wealth, and was the chief means of supplanting European bottled beer in this country 
with the native product. 

As early as 18G2 the house which Mr. H. F. Krieger succeeded, after twelve years' 
service therein, was founded by Louis Weber, and engaged in the bottling of lager beer. 
But it was not until Mr. H. F" Kreiger himself assumed the management, in 1881, that 
the business assumed anything like its present dimensions, and he has put it upon such a 
footing that it is continually increasing in extent. Mr. Kreiger is the sole bottler of the 
Phcenix Brewing Company's beer, Madison and Cincinnati ales and porter. His bottling 
works are quite extensive, and the product bottled is excellent in quality and keeps well. 
The premises occupied are well adapted for the transaction of the business, and contain 
all the appliances and machinery required in the systematic and successful jirosecution of 
the trade. A specialty is made of bottling the Fhosnix Brewing Company's beer; and 



AND OF >'EW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



175 



for the convenience of his city customers in ordering, Mr. Krieger has telephone con- 
nection at his otRce, Nos. 135 and 137 Fourth avenue. "WHiile tlie trade is largi-ly local, 
the house furnishes employment to four assistants, and distrihutes its goods throughout 
Northern Indiana, Southern Kentucky, and the South generally. 

llegarding the quality ot the goods handled by this house, it is needless here to speak, 
„s their reputation tor general excellence is almost national. 

JMr. Krieger is a young and enterprising business man, of much ))romise and, heing 
in the morning of his commercial usefulness, the future prospect of his house is exceed- 
ingly bright. 



M. SCHWARTZ & BRO., 



Distillers and Wholesalers of Whisky— Office, No. 126 East Main Street; Warehouse, No. 212 Brook Street. 



The senior proprietor of this well-established 
house, which has an honorable and extensive busi- 
ness rec(.)rd covering a peiiod of more than ten 
years past, is also the president and treasurer of the 
Parkland Distillery Company, of this city (else- 
where described in this volume), a director in the 
German National Insurance Company, and identi- 
fied in advisory and other capacities with other pub- 
lic enterprises of much moment. 

Last January, the business of the house having 
meantime grown so as to require additional super- 
vision, Mr. J. Schwartz, a brother of the senior, Wiis 
admitted to partnership and the firm name changed 
to the present form— M. Schwartz & Hro. The new 
partner is vigorous, energetic and enterprising, and 
has alwaj's been remarl<ably successlul as a sales- 
man. 

The leading brands handled by Schwartz & Bro. 
and sold by them throughout the United States are 
the "Jefferson Club," "Boot Jack," "Schwartz Pri- 
vate Stock," and the}' are very highly regarded in 
liquor trade circles and among consumers, who rec- 
ognize and appreciate pure goods. The trade of the 
house, too, is continually increasing in A'olume and 
in territorial extent. The firm has a very extensive ,-^ 
commercial acquaintance all over the United States. 




STRATER BROS., SOUTHERN ELEVATOR. 



Henry and Charles G. Strater, Proprietors— Fourteenth Street, Corner Maple— Office, No. 205 West Main Street. 



In the earlier portions of this historical and statistical review of the industries and 
trade and commerce of Louisville some mention is made of the terminal facilities of this 
market, and among the principal establishments operated in the interest of the grain 
trade is the Southern Elevator, on Fourteenth street, between Maple and Broadway, ot 
which Messrs. Strater Bros, are the enterprising proprietors. 

This elevator, which is amply provided with sidings, special bins and other facilities 
necessary to the speedy and effective handling of cereals, was established in 1882, and has 
a capacity equal to 150,000 bushels. The receipts of wheat, corn, rye and oats are chiefly 
from the "West and North-west, and the firm buys and sells the staple direct, doing very 
little on commission. Shipments are made East and South, and a very large local patron- 
age also rewards the efforts of the firm in that direction. Strater Bros.' past success 
augurs even greater prosperity in future. 



176 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



THE PARKLAND DISTILLERY COMPANY. 



M.Schwartz, President and Treasurer: Philip Stitzel, Superintendent; Jacob Stitzel, Secretary— Distillery at 
Twenty-sixth and Maple Streets ; Office. No. 126 East Mlain Street. 




The executive offieers of the above-named corporation are among the oldest distillers 
in this section of country, and the product of the Parkland Distillery is of such uniform 
excellence and purity as to be held in the largest degree of trade and popular favor 
thrt)ughout the United States. 

The present corporation was formed in January, 1885, with a capital stock of $100,000, 
and its distillery at Twenty-sixth and Maple streets, which is a well-appointed establish- 
ment, with all the modern improvements and apparatus, has a capacity of four hundred 
bushels a day. The leading brands manufixctured are " Fred Stitzel's Bourbon " and 
" Glencoe" sour-mash. 

President M. Schwartz has been engaged in the wholesale liquor business here about 
ten years. He is also a director in the German National Insurance Company. Messrs. 
Philip and Jacob Stitzel have spent a lifetime in this important industry, and are thor- 
oughly experienced therein. All are enterprising and public-spirited, and popular in 
trade circles. 



WELLER & PAYNE, 

Wholesale Cash Jobbers— Boots, Shoes and Rubbers— No. 235 Sixth Street. 



This house was established in 1880 by the same enterprising firm as now conducts it, 
and which is composed of Ben S. Weller and Edward H. Payne, both eminently practical 
men and experts in this important department of trade. 

The interest has been a growing one for some years in Louisville, and Messrs. Weller 
& Payne, by energetic business methods and keeping a fine line of goods, have contributed 
much toward turning the tide of trade that formerly flowed eastward in this direction. 
Interior dealers are now iissured of obtaining footwear adajited to the requiren^ents of the 
trade upon as favorable terms as any jobbing house or manufacturer in the country can 
su[)))ly them. Weller & Payne make a specialty of children's fine shoes and rubbers, and 
their trade is nmst extensive throughout this city and State, as well as in Indiana, and is 
continually increasing in volume. They sell wholly for cash, and are thus enabled to 
offer supeiior inducements to buyers. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



177 



FALLS CITY SEWEK-PIPE AND TERRA-COTTA WORKS. 



Established 1852— P. Bannon, Proprietor— Factory, Thirteenth and Lexington Streets: Office, No. 548 Fifth 

Street. 

As would naturally be inferred from 
the extent of the vvorki^ and the char- 
acter of the ])roductions liere illustra- 
ted, the establishment above named is 
one of the most important industries of 
Louisville and the South, and is there- 
fore given considerable space in this 
volume. Established as far back as 
1852 by their present enterprising pro- 
prietor, Mr. P. Bannon, the works have 
steadily advanced, in their nearly thir- 
ty-five years' industrial and commercial 
career, until now their output compares 
favorably with that of any similar es- 
tablishment in the country, and Mr. 
Ban noil's trade covers the entire South 
and West. 

At the works, which cover more than 
lialf of a block between Thirteenth and 
Fourteenth near Lexington streets, a 
force of fifty men is employed when 
the establishment is running full, and 
there is also a full complement of ma- 
chinery ordinarily utilized in such ex- 
tensive enterprises. Sewer pipe here 
made is regarded with much favor by 
those using such wares, and the product 
of the works in this regard is very va- 
ried and superior, including salt-glazed 
sewer-pipe, well-tubing, fire-clay, chim- 
ney flues, flue linings, hot-air flues, d rain 
and boiler tile. In the way of terra-cotta 
wares, which in an eminent degree con- 
join utility with the highest taste in or- 
namentation, the productions of the 
works include statuary, garden vases, 
chimney tops, window caps, capitals for 
•columns, flower-pots, grale-backs, fire-brick, stucco work, etc. 

j..} The oifice of the establishment is at No. 548 Fifth street, and Mr. Bannon, the propri- 
etor, himself supervises the management of the business. His industrious efforts in this 
Tjehalf have amassed him a competency, and he is public-spirited in the largest degree. 




H. C. ANDERSON & CO., 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Oils, Axle Grease, Fertilizers, etc.— No. 137 Bullitt Street. 

Although this house has been established scarcely two years, yet the senior proprietor 
Mr. H. C. Anders Ml, liad been engaged in the same line for others — part of the time with 
"William Skene & Co. — for eighteen years before establishing his present enterprise. 

The house wholesales and retails all kinds of oil, including coal, lard, engine, cylinder, 
West Virginia lubricating, parafiine, spindle, wool, benzine and gasoline, and axle grease 
and fertilizers, making specialties of high-tnst water-white oils for family use, the favorite 
brand, "Florine," having no superior for illuminating qualities and perfect safety in use. 

From the start his business has continually increased, and now is most extensive lo- 
cally, as well as comprehending the better portions of this State and Indiana. With the 
experience of the firm, its ample resources, extensive business connections and energy in 
securing trade, the future success of H. C. Anderson & Co. is assured. 



178 



THE INDUSTRISS OF LOTJISVILI^ 



THE KENTUCKY PUBLIC ELEVATOR COMPANY. 



Established 1882— J. W. Brigman, Secretary and Treasurer ; Bennet D. Matlingly. of J. G. Mattingly & Son. Presi- 
dent--Elevator, Fourteenth and Kentucky Streets Capacity, 500,000 Bushels, ; Office, No. 205 West Main 
Street 



This, although a very important concomi 
tant to the business interests ol any city, is 
comparatively new, and not much known 
outside of grain-users, and many of them 
would be surprised to see the extent ot the 
facilities for handling, storing, and shipping 
all kinds of grain. 

For the benitit of those who may not be 
aware ot this important institution, a few 
words of explanation may prove of interest. 
The property of the Kentucky PuMic Ele- 
\ator Company consists ol about a block of 
ground situated on Fourteenth street, on th& 
line of the Ciiesapeake, Ohio & South-western 
M5^ railroad, which point is connected with every 
^^ line of railroad coming to Louisvijle. On 
these grounds is built the largest, latest im- 
proved grain elevator south of the Ohio river, 
consisting of a series of bins arranged in sys- 
tematic order, pi (>\ ided with Loine}ors and such other appliances as to render it easy 
to store and load out grain and keep it in condition under any circumstances. Several 
miles of side-track connect with the elevator, the entire plant costing the snug sum of 
$250,000. To appreciate this building it is nect-ssarj- to inspect it, inside and out, and 
a trip well paj's the visitor, as it atlords a view of the city to be obtained from no other 
point save the church steeples, since it towers lar above every edifice in the vicinity of 
Louisville. 

The stock of the company is held by prominent business men, who are also directors; 
and, as an example of the manner in which its affairs have been conducted, there has 
never been a bushel of grain allowed to get out of condition in this elevator. 

Any information concerning this enterprise is promptly furnished on application, and 
the company confidently refers to rny Louisville bank as to standing and responsibility. 




TKABUE & CO., 



Cotton Factors, Commission Merchants, and Dealers in Bagging, Twine and Iron Ties— Nos. 156 and 158 Fourth^ 

Street. 



Louisville has extraordinary natural and acquired advantages for the jirofitable arid 
convenient handling of Southern products of all kinds— cotton, suirar, tobacco, lumber 
and, in fact, all and every kind of manufactured goods, the yield of field, farm and forest 
of that wondrously fertile region extending from the sea to the great valley, and from 
the Virginias to the Rio Grande and the Gulf. The advantages of Louisville consist 
not merely in her geographical position, her river and rsiilroad communications, and the 
business enterprise of her mercantile and manufacturing community — though these are 
mighty agencies in working out the grand result — but also in jmlitical and personal affini- 
ties wiiicii have existed frt)m the founding of the original settlement here, and will con- 
tinue to flourish and grow stronger when this generation shall have followed its fathers 
to the tomb. 

It is in consequence of these advantages that of late years a heavy trade has been 
established here in cotton, the South's great staple, which has been well named the king 
of the commercial world. The leading house here, the house which has more than any 
other contributed to this result, is that of Trabiie & Co., successors tn Trahiie, Davis & 
Co., founded by the late James Trabue in 1&4IJ. At the denii.-^e of Mr. James Trabiie his 
son Richard, reared in the house, succeeded to the vacancy, and, with Mr. Trabue Barks- 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



179 



dale as junior partner, will continue the business at Nos. 156 and 158 Fourth street, be- 
tween Main and tlie river. Mr. Trabue directs the general operatitms of the house, while 
Mr. Barksdale has charge of the finances and counting-room. The premises comprise 
three immense stores, with a frontage of forty feet and a depth of two hundred and fifty 
feet, four floors and cellars, and st' eked in every department with a heavy line of bag- 
ging, twine, iron cotton ties, and kindred goods for the planter's use, and equipjied with 
every convenience for the quick dispatch of business, ample storage, steam elevators, etc. 
The transactions have footed up from $500,000 to $700,000, consignments being constantly 
received from and forwarded to iill parts of the South iind East. Liberal cash advances 
upon shipments to this house are habitually made, and promptitude and fair dealing is 
guaranteed. 

The late Mr. James Trabue was a vtry prominent citizen, noted for strength of char- 
acter, lofty principle and strict integrity. At various times he filled with acceptability 
and honor a number of public trusts, including tiie oflices of vice-president of the Bank 
of Kentucky, chairman of the city Sinking Fund Board, president of the Franklin In- 
surance Company, etc. 

X M. ROBINSON & CO., 

Importers and Jobbers of Dry Goods, Notions, etc.— Nos. 537, 539 and u4i Main Slreei, Corner Sixth : New York 

Office. No 41 Thomas btreet. 

Louisville has, ever since 
its first settlemeiit, been the 
great drj- goods emporium 
of the lower Ohio valley, 
and since the completion ol 
the railroad system con- 
necting her with the inte- 
rior of Kentucky and ad- 
joining States has extended 
her interests in this dejiart- 
ment of commerce with 
remarkable vigor and suc- 
cess, nio.*t country mer- 
chants preferring to tradi 
here rather thnn send their 
oi'ders East or North, where 
whatever advantages may 
be presented in the way ot 
first cost are swallowed 
up in incidental charges, 
freights, damages, delay- 
and other drawbacks too 
numerous to mention. 

One of the oldest, if not 
the very oldest established 
and most successful dry goods ana iiuiion houses here, is that of J. M. Robinson & Co., 
Nos. 5o7, 539 and 541 Main street, between Fifth and Sixth, originally opened in 1850 
by Robinson Bros., and the style changed in January, 1858, to J. M. R^'binson & Co., the 
partners being at present Messrs. J. M. Robinson, George C. Norton and G. H. Mourning. 
The house also maintains an office at No. 41 Thomas street. New York, where their 
representative may be found during business hours. The Louisville concern occupies 
one of the most commodious, convt-niently-arranged and sumptuous buildings on Main 
street, with 52i feet front on that thoroughfare, a depth of 175 feet, and live lofty stories 
in height, with ample basement. A force of clerks, salesmen and travelers, to the num- 
ber of eighty or eighty-five, are constantly employed, their trade extending all over the 
South, South-east and South-west, and aggregating about $2,000,000 annually. From its 
inception this house has met with pronounced favor at the hands of retailers, and has 
achieved a measure of success commensurate with the tact, talents, enterprise, industry 
and capital invested. 

The firm are direct importers and jobbers of dry goods, notions and kindred goods, 
carrying at all seasons a complete and superb stock of all goods coming under this 
head, jind embracing everv grade and fabric from the richest silks, satins, velvets, etc., down 
to the cheapest prints. Fair <{uotations and liberal treatment of buvers is a special 
feature of the house. 




180 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



FIDELITY TRUST AND SAFETY VAULT COMPANY. 



Capital, $25n.000-Nos. 206, 208 and 210 Fifth Street, near Main— John G.Taggart, President; John H.Ward, 
Vice-President; Edmund T. Halsey Manager and Secretary; Charles Meriwether. Superintendent of Vault. 



The modern safe deposit 
and vault sj stem is the 
niitural outgrowth of the 
conflict between honestand 
dishonest methods of lile — • 
between thecullivated wits 
of the thief and bur^^hir on 
the one hand and the 
trained skill and inventive 
genius of the meclianic on 
theotner. The safety vault 
is, in short, the practical 
application of science in 
the interposition of pre- 
ventives of crime and the 
secure protectinn of valu- 
aules from the raids of the 
cracksman and the destroy- 
ing breath of the flames, 
and wherever adopted has 
proved unfailingly success- 
lul. 

The Fidelity Trust and 
Safely Vault Company, 
which was organized in 
1882, is the result of a 
union of the former Fidel- 
ity Trust Company and 
tie Louisville Safety Vault 
Company, March 4, 1884, 
and combines under one 
management all the ad- 
vantages and facilities possessed by both of its predece>sors. In its corporate capacity it 
fills every position of trust that could be held by a natural person — becoming executor, 
administrator, guardian, receiver, trustee of corporations, or individuals alone, or jointly 
with others; it acts as agent or assistant to persons flUing such trusts as register or trans- 
fer agent of stocks and bonds, as trustee for railroad and other mortgages, as financial 
agent, and attorney-in-fact for the collection ot rents and income, and the management of 
estates ot married women ; it deals in real-estate paper, negotiates loans, n-ceives money 
on deposit, and allows interest thereon. When it is prelerred, the coujpnny receives 
securities of every kind on deposit, and guarantees their safety. The aftairs of the com- 
pany' and every trust in its hands are under contn)l of the courts, and by its charter itis 
required to make annual reports to the Louisville Chancery Court. All books, deposits 
and vouchers are examined quarterly by two direct( rs and a stockholder, and twice each 
year they employ an expert accountant to assist in such examination. The company has 
heretofore declared a semi-annual dividend of three per cent. 

Kecent additions and improvements render the company's vaults equal in extent, con- 
venience and security to those of any similar institution; they are, in short, absolutely 
fire and burglar proof, and aflbrd perfect protection to all deposits — money, stocks, bonds, 
note-;, wills, jewelry and every descriptitm of portable valuables. Armed men are on 
guard day and night, and tlieir vigilance never relaxes — a written record being kept of 
every entrance to the vault, its object, and what transi>ires. Evpry ofiicer and employe is 
cho.'cn for his actual fltness for the place and knowledL,eof its duties. The ofticers are all 
prominent business men and good citizens and under heavy bond. President Taggart is 
actively engaged in several important local enterprises. Vice-President "Ward was for- 
merly register in bankruptcy. Mr. Halsey, the manager, has had fifteen years' experience 
in this character of business. The executive committee is composed of Messrs. John D. 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



181 



Tag:gart, chairman; John H.Ward, Thos. L. Barret, Thomas W. Bullitt and Geo. H. 
Moore. 

The old " Louisville Safety Vault CompHny " was organized in 1880. The handsome 
building above referred to had been previously built by Mr. Henry WLitestone, arehitect. 
with the most powerful and perfect vaults that money c«'uld obtain or the ingenuity of 
man devise, divided into a multitude ot neat and roomy compartments for the use of de- 
positors (each of whom during the term of his rental owns and holds the only key.*). The 
outside d.iors of the vault>;, through which alone access can be liad to the inti'rior, are pro- 
vided with the latest itnproved time locks which not ev^ ii ihe ever-present watchman, 
though armed with every possible appliance, can force. The vault-keeper alone has the 
key to the inside door, while another official liolds the key lo the outside door. The 
boxes holding securities belonging to the company and the trust estates in its charge can 
only be opened by one of the officers, a director, and the vault-keeper. Tele<;-raphic, tele- 
phonic and electrical alarm sipparalus of the best kind are at hand, communicating with 
th') police and tire departments mul with tlu' hotels and le-idences of the officials, so that 
any assault up(m this stronghold would automatically sound a series of calls and precipi- 
tate upon the daring raiders an overwhelming force of armed men, or an incipient tire 
bring instant and unfailing relief. The buikiine; itself is tire-proof throughout. It is 
thereoie scarcely necessary to state that during the entire cour>eot its existence the com- 
pany has never b 'en called upon to make i^ood a penny'.- loss to any depositor. 

The Fidelity Trust and Sal'ety Vault Company, whose tine building fronts 59 feet on 
Fifth str.-et above Main, e'ubrac'ing Nos. "iOe, -'08 and "JIO, and with a depth of I'Oo 'eet, 
is the pioneer institution of this kiid in Louisville and the South, and has established a high 
reputation for reliability, responsibility and devotion to the interests of its patrons. 



BOURQUIN & CO., 

Wholesale Jewelry, Novelties, Fancy Goods, etc., No. 638 Weit Main Street, Adjoining Louisville Hotel. 



The trade throughout the South and South-west naturally turn to Louisville for their 
supplies of fashioiiiible novelties in jewelry, fancy goods, etc. The iir'ncipjil house here 
hiindling pi pular goods 
ot this kind is that of 
Buurquin & Co.. who oc- 
cupy the vcy extensive 
md de.sirable store No. 
\H West Ma'ii. street, 
djoining the Loui.-ville 
Hotel. The members of 
the firm are Messrs. F. 
J. Bourquin and A. Po-| 
marantz, experienced, ' 
energetic and pleasant 
gentlemen who in the 
one year of their eateer 

__.,.„..... , here have established an 

excelfent reput;it"ion and a splendid connection in the States West and South, their sales 
ranging from $4,(itO to *5,000 per month. 

The specialties to which the house gives closest at 
tention are medium grades of jewelry and the i-e- 
nowned American Lever cuft and colhi'- buttons, the 
trade-Ti ark of which superb good.* — a four-leaved 
clover surrounded by a horse-hoe— we pies«nt at the 
beginning of this no' ice. These are the most inge- 
ni us and cnvenient as well as handsomest sleeve 
and collar buttons cm the market, and sell at sight. 

Mes-rs. Bourquin & Co. have been eiit;aged in the 
same business at New Albany, Ind., for six or seven 
years. Mr. Pomarantz previous to 1870 conducted a 
large jewelry establishment in Europe. Mr. B-urquin was engaeed in the same business 
in Ohio previous to coming here, and has a thorough knowledge of all its de ails. 






182 



THE IMDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



KENTUCKY MALTING COMPANY. 



E. W. Herman. President; J. H. Pank. Secretary and Treasurer— Brewers' and Distillers' IMalt— Office, Malt 
House and Elevator, Corner Thirteenth and Maple Streets. 




■ ilie baildint;;s .'shown in the at'Conipanyiiit^ enjfrfivine; Mre the iniilt-hoiise and elevator 
of the Kentucky Malting Company. This extensive establishment, which occupies com- 
manding rank in respect to the industrial and commercial development of Louisville, was 
founded in ISGOhy J. Engeln & Co., and passed into the hands of the present enterpri:<ing 
corporation in 1876. During the past ten years it has greatly increased its capacity and 
sphere of usefulness to commerce in general. As appears from the accompanying illus- 
tration, the buildings are very large, the malt kiln rising to the height of five stories. 
The capacity of the establishment in its specialty — the production of malt from barley, 
rye and corn — is equal to 400.000 bu.shels annually, and the storage capacity of the ele- 
vator is 150,000 bushels. Thirty hands are constantly employed. The terminal facilities 
of the company include switches and siiiings from all the railroads running into the 
yards, thus greatly facilitating shipping in car-load lots to the South-west. 

The principal trade of the corporation is with resident brewers and distillers in sup- 
plying them malt, but a considerable portion of the product is also shipped to the South- 
west, and this portion of the business is constantly increasing territorially and in aggre- 
gate volume. President Herman and Secretary Pank are experienced in this line, and 
very energetic in the prosecution of their business. 



ZAHNER & BE RLE, 



Wholesale Manufacturers of Ladies', Misses' and Children's Fine Shoes— No. 222 Seventh Street. 



The shoe manufacturinsr industry is a very important interest to Louisville, as it is to 
all trade centers, and among th*^ leading representatives here of that branch of manufact- 
ure is the firm of Zahner & Berle, composed of Louis F. Zahner and Charles Rerle, both 
enterprising and practical workmen and busin* ss men. The firm was organized in 1882, 
and has since been successfully engaged in the whole-ale manufacture of ladies', misses' 
and children's fine shoes, employing forty skilled hands in that behalf and all the modern 
improved apparatus adapted to the purpose. Careful in the selection of material and in 
its making up, Messrs. Zahner & lierle have acquired a most extensive trade reputation 
for the general excellence of their goods. The-^e are in such demand that the facilities 
of the firm are already tully taxed to supply the wants ot their numerous customers in 
the city and country, and yet their trade is continually increasing, so that an enlargement 
of their facilities is in contemplation. 



AXD OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



183 



FRED J. FACHMAN, 



Manufacturer of Wire Signs and Wire Goods Generally, No. ♦I? Walnut Street. Between Fourth and Fifth. 

Never before was tlie employment 
of wire so general in mamifactures 
as at present, nor the fsicilities for its 
use so a;reat. We find it substituted 
for a thousmid purposes where wood, 
cordage, leather or iron bars were for- 
merly regarded indispensable, and in 
every case it gives greater satisfaction 
than did the material it supplants. 
This industry has, of late years, re- 
ceived a wiindertul impetus, and many 
of the little shops we once knew to 
be dragging out a mere hand-to- 
mouth existence have suddenly de- 
veloped into great factories employ- 
ing thousands of skilled workmen, 
while others are preparing to emerge 
from iheir chrysalis state and don the 
plumage of prosperity in preparation 
for lofty flight. 

Of tiie latter class is the venture 
of Mr. Fr-d J. Fachman, No. 417 
Walnut street, b'tween Fourth and 
Fifth. Mr. F. is one of the most ac- 
t/y^"'^ complished mechanics in Louisville, 
'^ and has made for himself a fine rep- 
utation in his line. Hitherto he has 
labored undt^r the disadvantage of 
limited capital, but a recent invention 
of his own bids fair to place him in 
a position to vastly increase his facil- 
ities and more fully meet the demands 
upon his resources. This, in brief, is 
an improvement upon the old-sty e wire-corrugating machine whereby twelve sets of 
rollers are attached to one spindle, thus multiplying its capacity for work at no greater ex- 
penditure I if power. It is renuirkably simple in construction, and a boy can operate it 
perfectly, while the work is equal in all respects to any performed by the old plan. 

Mr. Fachman has been established at his present place since 1883. He makes a specialty 
of wire signs, counter railinirs, burglar guards and rustic work, wire goods for milliners, 
dressmakers ^nodistes, clothing manufacturers and dealers, florists, and others requiring 
goods in his line. That he will augment his trade with his increased facilities there can be 
no doubt. 




HEXKY S. COOLING. 



Wholesale and Retail Lumber Dealer— Office and Yard. North-west Corner Broadway and Twelfth Street. 

The lumber interest of Louisville is an extensive and profitable avenue of commerce; 
and among the leading dealers here engaged in this industry is Mr. Henry S. Cooling, do- 
ing business at his extensive yards on Broadway and Twelfth street, and large shipping 
yards at Fourteenth and Delaware streets. 

Commencinu: business in a comparatively small way in "1868 his house has steadily in- 
creased its sphere of usefulness until now its dealings in the city and surrounding country 
are quite extensive, and numerous and frequent shipments of carload lots of lumber are 
made to the Eastern markets bj"^ Mr. Cooling. He makes a specialty of dry walnut and 
poplar, though dealing, also, in ash, oak and gum, and has special sources of supply, the 
varieties mentioned being expressly cut and sawed for him at mills in Kentucky. Indiana 
and Tennessee as well as pine lumber in Alabama. He also handles considerable on 
commissiim, and his large experience and energy make him very poplar among customers 
everywhere. 



LS4 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



EXCELSIOR PRESERVING COMPANY, 



Manufacturers of Fruit Butters, Jellies, Preserves and Mince Meat— Nos. 942 and 944 East Market Street, 

Between Campbell and Wenzel. 




The wants of Louisville lovers of sweet thing* for the 
table are faithfully looked after by the above-naine<l firm, 
whose fine estal'lishnient at Nos. 94'2 and 944 East Market 
street, between Campbell and Wenzel, is quite a feature of 
that vicinity. The house has been in existence since 
September, 1884, under the manatrement of >tcpsrs. 
"VVm. S. Roberts and John S Bircks, both Pbiladflpbians 
of push, energy and sagacity, who are making of the Ex- 
celsior Preserving Company a pronounced and unusual 
success. The fruit butters, jellies, preserves and mince 
meat here manufactured are pronounced equal to any found 
in the Eastern or Northern markets, and, owing to the su- 
perior facilities enjoyed here, are offered at remark:ibly 
Ijw figures. The factory proper is 40x45 feet s(|uare, three 
stories highland elegantly equipped throughout for the 
prosecution of a large and growing ])usiiie>s. The trade 
is principally local, thoUL-^h orders Irom a distance will be 
promptly and carefully filled. Mr. Roberts h:is the ad- 
vantage of many years' experience in the manufacture ot 
this class of goods, and has persoyal supervision of the 
works, Mr. Bitcks was formerly a book-binder, but con- 
cluded that it was more profitable to cater to the inner 
man and womar. rather than to minister to their literary 
tastes, and seems well content with the change. 



LONG & BRO. 3IANUFACTURING COMPANY. 



Charles R. Long, President: Frank A.Cannon, Vice-President; J. L. La Vielle. Secretary and Treasurer; D. B. 
McMullen, Superintendent— Manufacturers of Chairs, etc. , 'Washington Street, corner Wei)s{er. 



No industrial establishment is better known throughout the South and "West, or held 
in higher trade and popular repute than that extensive and enterprising house forming- 
the subject of this article. 

Founded in 1855, by Long& Bro. — the present executive head beirig one of the found- 
ers — the firm name has since undergone some changes, and five years ago the estaljlish- 
ment was incorporated as the Long & Hvo. Chair Company, with a capital stock of 
$50,000. In June, 1885, the style was changed to the present, with the executive officers 
named above. 

How extensive the establishment is may be judged by the large dimensions of the 
factory, three stories high, and covering 50x125 feet. There are also other buildings, 
inclusive of a large two-story dry-house. About one hundred and filty hands are now 
employed, but even this large number is being increased, as the eonipany now also handle 
buggy W(trk and material. The factory is supplied with all the latest improved iiim- 
chinery, including some devices patented by President Charles R. Long himself, nnd 
utilized in the manufacture of the double-seated (rattan and cane) <'hairs bearirig his name, 
and tor many years recognized gi'eat merit and durability. The company al.-o manufact- 
ure all descriptions ot cane, rattan, split and wood-seat chairs, and its d lini to offer the 
trade the best chair in the market is conceded throui^hout the South and West, where it 
is sold, as also to a coiisiderable extent in the East, the aggregate trade of the house 
exceeding $150,000 annually. 

The executive oflBcers of the corporation are all leading, progressive and public- 
spirited business men. President Long — who is also chief executive of the Water Com- 
pany — was president of the municipal council for four terms, an I oner especially note- 
worthy, as it was a distinction never before or since conferred upon a citizen here. The 
other officers of the chair company also possess large business experience and prominence 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



185 



THE BIRMINGHAM ROLLING MILL COMPANY. 



James G. Caldwell. President; B. DuPont, Secretary— Manufacturers of Bar, Band and Hoop Iron, Plate, Tank 
and Sheet Iron, Tram and T Rails— Mills at Birmingham Ala. : Office, No. 349 West Main Street, Louisville, 
Kentucky. 




Although its works are located at Birmingham, in the center of the great iron and 
coal fields of Alabama, this is, in its executive dtRcers and ownership, a Louisville com- 
mercial and industrial corporation. 

And to Louisville, too, is primarily due the remarkable development since 1870 ot the 
entire Birmingham district, about equidistant from the mountain of red hematite iron ore 
on the south, and the extensive and practically inexhaustible Warrior coal-heds on the 
north. The productive capacity of this great mineral valley so bounded is practically 
illimitable, and these great natural advantages are so fully utilized by the Birmingham 
Rolling Mill Com]iany thjit no mills in the countrj- possess greater manufacturing facili- 
ties than these. The Birmingham mill employs upward of seven hundred and fifty hands, 
has several sets of rollers for the procfuction of merchant-bar, band and hoop iron, and 
tram and T rails, sheet, tank and plate iron. Through the excellence of the transportation 
facilities at Birmingham afforded by the Louisville & Nashville railroad, Cincinnati, New 
Orleans & Texas Pacific railroad, and Georgia Pacific railroad, and their connections,. 
the mill companj' is enabled to supply a trade which extends throughout the South and 
West, and into the neighboring republic of Mexico. A large number of the leading 
manufacturing establishments of this city and vicinity receive their supply of iron from 
this enterprising company. 

The executive officers of the corporation are all leading and public-spirited business 
men of Louisville, a majority of them being also identified with other leading industrial 
enterprises here. In short. President James G. Caldwell and Secretary B. DuPont are 
among the best known and most experienced of business men in the entire South and 
West. 



JEFFERSON & CO., 



Commission Merchants^Agents and Dealers in Kanawha and Ohio River Salt— Wholesale Dealers In Flour, 
Meal, Starch and Hominy— No. 101 North-west Corner Main and First Streets. 



More than twenty years ago this house, which is one of the largest of its kind in the 
State, was founded by the brother of the head of the present firm. T. L. Jeflferson & 
Bros, was the trade designation of the original establishment, and to its good will and 
business the present firm succi^eded in 1878. 

Quite extensive throughout the South-west and South are the dealings of Jefferson & 
Co. — Henry T. Jefferson and J. W". Day — and especially so in flour and salt. One of 
their specialties, " Pillsbury's Best " flour, the publishers of this volume have had occasion to 
commeyd in their recent work, the -'Industries of Minneapolis,'" and frequent opportunity 

13 



186 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILI^ 

has presented itself to set forth tlie excellences and superiority of Kanawha and Ohio 
river salt, also dealt in hy this firm. For the hrand of flour named and others, including 
the " Famous," " Pacilic Mills," etc., the house holds the sole agency here and does an 
extensive commission business as well, making liberal cash advances on consignments 
which are received from a wide extent of country, thus at once ensuring great variety 
and excellence of these staple products. They are exclusive agents also foi- the famous 
Palmetto starch and Hudnut's hominy and grits, which they sell verj' largely. 

The members of the firm are active, enterprising and capable in the successful prose- 
cution of their business, which is continually expanding in volume and extending terri- 
torially. 

S. P. GRAHAM, 



Successor to John Graham— Established 1854— Dealer In Lumber, Doors. Sash. Blinds, etc.— No. 810 Magazine 

Street. Between Eighth and Ninth. 



For more than thirty years this house has occupied a 
leading position in respect to supplying building material 
not only to the trade in this city, but to a large extent of 
tributary territory and the South in general as well. 

Established in 1S54 by John Graham, the house was 

conducted m that honored name up to 1863, when changed 

to John Graham & Son, and by the decease of the senior 

his son, S. P. Graham, who had been brought up in the 

^J business and possesses practical knowledge ol every detail, 

acquired the proprietorship. 
lU The house maintains a most extensive lumber yard at 810 
Magazine street, where a large and varied stock of rough 
lumber, dimension lumber, common boards, iencings, floor- 
ings, lath, shingles, moldings, doors, sash and blinds, is con- 
stantly kept on hand, sometliing of a specialty being made of rough lumber, in which 
this house decidedly leads its competitors in the volume and territorial extent of its busi- 
ness, shipping chiefly in car-load lots to all parts of tlie South. 

Mr. Graham supplies estimates as to the cost of building, and among resident build- 
ers his standard of lumber grades is generally recogniz d and approved. His customers 
are already very numerous, and those not recorded in that array will find it to their inter- 
est to communicate with Mr. (4raham and to establish business relations with that live, 
enterprising house. 

WILLIAM CORNWALL, 

Importer and Wholesale Dealer and Jobber in Ladies' and Gents' Furnishing Goods, Hosiery, etc., No. 607 West 

IVIain Street. 




Though in its present competent hands little over a year, the house above named dates 
back to 1870, when it was established by Van Pelt & Kaye. Under its present operation 
and control, however, the establishment has more largely developed in its volume of 
trade and its energetic pushing of business, so that its range of dealings now includes 
Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee, Arkansas, Alabama and Mississippi. The line of goods 
imported and wholesaled by Mr. Cornwall is very extensive, and includes all varieties of 
ladies' and gents' furnishing goods, foreign and domestic. The stock of these wares 
is so large that the entire building at GOT West Main street, five stories in all, is occupied, 
and thirty skilled employes and office attaches are employed in the house, under the per- 
sonal supervision of Mr. E. E. Hill, who represents the proprietor in the active manage- 
ment of the house, and is a gentleman of large experience and ability in this line of 
business. An expert corps of traveling salesmen is also emploj'ed to care for the busi- 
ness of the house in the South and South-west. 

Mr. William Cornwall, the j)roprietor of the estrtblishmcnt, came here from Belfast, 
Ireland, when about eleven years of age, and has resided in Louisville about fifty years. 
He has long been identified with the industrial and commercial interests of the cyty. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INJUANA 



187 



ETHERIDGE & CO. 



Manufacturers of Mattresses, Parlor Suits. Lounges, etc.. and Dealers In Fine. Meflium and Common Fur- 
niture— Warerooms, North-east Corner Sixteenth and Market Streets ; Factory. No. 1,913 West Market. 




previous experience of some years as a trav- 
eler for Hariff, Koop & Co. of Louisville, 
and Conrey, Wallar & Deprez, of Shelb}^- 
ville (Ind.) furniture manufacturers. He 
continues to travel in the interest of his 
own and the Indiana concern, and is rap- 
idly building up a very large business South 
and South-west, his sales for the past three 
or four years ranging from $75,000 to $100,- 
000 per annum. 

He makes specialties of improved mat- 
tresses, stj'lish parlor furniture, etc., but is 
])repared to fill orders for any grade or de- 
scription of household furniture at lowest 
prices, with promptitude and on reasonabli;^ 
terms. 

The cuts herewith presented are fac 
si^niles of the obverse and reverse sides ot 
the medal awarded him for best exhibit of 
furniture at the Southern Exposition, Louis- 
ville, 1883. 



Few industries are more intimately con- 
nected with the domestic happiness, health, 
comfort, and well-being of the people at 
large than is the manufacture of the beds 
we sleep on, the furniture that adorns and 
renders haliitable our homes. He, there- 
fore, who plac(;s superior goods of this kind 
within reach of men and women of moder- 
ate means, is a practical philanthropist in 
no slight degree. Such a one is Mr. J. A. 
Etheridge, of Etheridge & Co., whose sales- 
rooms occupy the two-storj' building north- 
west corner of Sixteenth and Market 
streets, the store covering two floors 25x1 25 
feet each in extent. The factory. No. 1913 
West Market street, is also two stories high, 
and 40x75 feet in extent, completely equip- 
ped with labor-saving machinery, and em- 
ploying some dozen or more skilled me- 
clianics. Mr. Etheridge established this 
industrial enterprise in 1880, having had a 




EISENMAN BROS. & CO. 



Established 1851; Incorporated 1885— J. C. Eisenman, President; 0. M.Truman, Secretary and Treasurer- 
Corn Millers and Grain Dealers— Office, Nos. 124 and 126 Second Street; Mill on Portland Avenue, between 
Fourteenth and Fifteenth Streets. 

This industry is quite an important one to its owners and to the city of Louisville and 
the surrounding country. Founded as far back as 1851 by L. Eisenman, the enterprise 
continued to grow in importance and extent of its product and trade from year to year. 
Last September, to still further promote the interests of the rapidly-increasing business, 
the establishment was incorporated, with a capital stock of $50,000, and with ,J. C. Elsen- 
nuin as president and O. M. Truman as secretary and treasurer, both experienced corn- 
millers and grain dealers, and possessed of the largest measure of executive ability. 

The mill, which is fitted up with all modern apparatus and machinery adapted to the 
purpose, employs seventeen hands. It is located on Portland avenue, between Fourteenth 



188 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



and Fifteenth streets. Its specialties are the manufacture of hominy and grits, and pearl, 
bolted, and feed meal; and while the local demand consumes a large portion of the prod- 
uct, there is also considerable shipped to various points in Kentucky, Indiana and Ten- 
nessee, where it is regarded with high lavor in the trade and by consumers. The company 
also does an extensive business as general commission merchants. 

Mr. Eisenman, the president, is a native of Louisville, and before engaging in this 
line was in the grocery and feed business. Secretarj'^ Truman has been engaged in this 
kind of milling about eight years. With ample resources and energy and activity of 
management such as characterize the present executive officers, the continued i)rosperity 
of the company is assured. 



THE J. W. DAVIS FURNITURE MANUFACTURING C03IPANY. 



J. W. Davis, President; Adam Beuther, Superintendent: F. H. Pope. Secretary and Treasurer— Corner Preston, 

Lampton and College Streets. 




The above house succeeded, in 1875, the pi-ominent and successful lirm of J. AV. Davis 
& Co., the last named having been established in 1868. The company is composed of 
excellent men of high standing, viz: J. W. Davis, president; Adam Beuther, superin- 
tendent; F. H. Pope, secretary and treasurer; and L. E. Dnvall, salesman, with a splen- 
did list of stockholders and directors. The paid-up capital stock is $120,000, and the 
factory proper comprises two substantial four-story brick buildings, covering an area of 
180x293i feet, with three lumber-yards, warehouses, etc., located in a very convenient 
and accessible portion of the city, on the Freston-street car line. The aggregate annual 
output varies from $150,000 to $200,000, and is on the increase the superior quality of 
goods produced attracting the attention and orders of the trade wherever introduced. A 
specialty is made of fine and medium grades of chamber suits, for which there is a steady 
and constantly-growing demand, principally from the East and North-west, though the 
company's trade is general. From 120 to 175 skilled workmen and a complete plant of 
new and improved machinery of great value are emploj'ed, and the furniture turned out is 
of the latest patterns, which they change once a year, so as to have something new every 
season. 

President Davis is an old and experienced business man, having engaged in a variety 
of vocations in the course of his more than usually eventful life. He is quite popular 
with all who know him. Secretary Pope, a former school trustee, has been connected 
with the furniture trade since boyhood, and is perfect master of its details. Superintend- 
ent Ueuther is a practical furniture-maker, master of his department, and a most valuable 
auxiliary to the house. As to Mr. L. E. Dnvall — why, everybody knows him. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



189 



W. J. HUGHES & SON, 

Manufacturers of and Dealers in Doors, Sash, Blinds and Lumber, No. 243 Market Street, between Brook and 
Floyd— Lumber Yard and Sheds, Nos. 407 to 413 Floyd Street. 




The above prosperous concern, founded in 1877 by 
Mr. C. S. Cline, who was succeeded by Messrs. W. J. 
Hughes & Son in 1882, has an excellent reputation with 
builders and others for the superior workmanship and 
materials employed in the manufacture of its products. 
The senior of the firm is also senior of W. J. Hughes & 
Co., of Frankfort, Ky., where che saw, planing and 
building material mills are situated from which the 
Louisville house draws its supplies. The warehouse 
here is 20x1-50 feet square, and three stories high; the 
lumber j'ard and sheds, Nos. 107 to 413 Floj'd street, 
cover 200x200 feet of ground. In rear of the store is a 
convenient warehouse, oOxlOO feet in size. A very large 
and skillfully-selected stock of doors, sash, blinds, rough 
and dressed lumber and builders' hardware is carried at 
all seasons and orders filled at sliort notice and on reas- 
onable terms. A considerable trade is maintained with 
Southern points as well as with city customers, sales 
averaging $50,000 a year. 

The younger member of the firm, Mr. C. L. Hughes, 
has personal charge of the firm's interests here, and is a 
capable and experienced handler of this class of goods. 



BREAVER & E3IMIT PRINTIXG HOUSE. 



No. 236 Fifth Avenue. 



Originally the firm of Sraead & Brewer, this establishment will be recollected by old 
residents of the city as founded in 1873. That partnership was dissolved, and in 1876 
the concern was reorganized and equipped anew, so as to be able to compete, not alone 
with the first-class establishments ot Louisville, but with those of other cities as well. 
Mr. William F. Brewer was proprietor up to November 18, 1885, at which time, the 
business showing such a gratifying increase. Mr. Guy N. Emmitt became a partner. 
Compared with the general run of business men he is young, but his length of experi- 
ence and service have given him qualifications beyond the average. His partner, Mr. 
Emniit, lias experience equal to his own, so that the house is noted for the precise and 
systematic conduct that has been impressed upon all its afl'airs. Accuracy and style, 
which in the printer's art are the chief virtues, are characteristics of this establish- 
ment. The machinery and appliances are all recent and modern and the employes skill- 
ful, so that patrons can be satisfied in all particulars. The firm will be pleased to treat 
with all parties who may make business proffers, and to make estimates on printing 
and book work of every sort. 



HERMANN BROTHERS, 



Importers of Fine Wines and Liquors. Distillers and Dealers in Fine Kentucky Whiskies— No. 531 West Market 

Street, between Fifth and Sixth. 



The Louisville connois!<eur need never sufl^er for a glass of fine wine or brandy or a bottle 
of pure old Kentucky whisky while the above reliable house is in existence. They Lave 
a handsome establishment at No. 531 "West Market street, lUxlOO feet and two spacious 
cellars, stocked at all times with a line of the purest and best goods in the way ot wines 
and liquors that skill can produce or money purchase, embracing many ot the most cele- 
brated brands of French and German vintage, and Scotch, Irish and American distillation, 



190 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILI>E 



in cases and barrels for the convenience of the trade and consumers. Of wines and whis- 
kies in particular the firm makes a specialty, importinu; the former from the famous conti- 
nental wine districts and handling the product of some of Kentucky's most celebrated 
distdlerics. They are also distillers on their own account, and their velvety old " Pearl of 
Nelson" has no superior for l)ody, Ha\'or and general good qualities. Their importations 
of wines and brandies thnniiih the Louisville custom-house are sti'aight goods Irom first 
hands and equal to any brought to this country. 

jMr. M. Hermann, formerly a wine-grower, is a perfect judge of the goods he handles, 
having had an experience of fourteen years in the trade. Mr. F. J. Hermann, the junior 
partner, was formerly in the grocery trade. 



HARRIS' MAMMOTH MUSEU3I. 



Fourth Avenue, between Green and Walnut— P. Harris. Sole Proprietor: Richard L. Briflon. Manager. 




The career of ]\Ir. 1'. Harris as an anniscment caterer has been a wonderful oiu;. Be- 
ginning a few years ag(j with a small show, he has succeeded, liy dint of jiluck, industry 
and good management, in establishing first-class museums in Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Louis- 
ville, Baltimore and Washington City, besides owning and conducting in the latter place 
a beautiful and successful little theater, the " Bijou,'" one of his most promising ventures. 

The Mammoth Museum of Louisville was opened in August, 1883, and was popular 
and successful from the start. Besides exhibiting an endless variety of novelties, curios, 
relics, human monstrosities, freaks of nature, etc., a first-class performance, tragedy or 
comedy, is given every afternoon and night in the theater connected, and all lor one 
price of admission — a ridiculously small sum to pay for so much amusement. 

Mr. Richard L. Britton, recently ajipointed manager, is an active, enterprising young 
man ol large business capacity, formerly g(;neral treasurer of Mr. Harris' combitied inter- 



&.ND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



191 



ests. It is needless to say that in his present position he gives entire satisfaction to both 
emploj-er and public. 

In conclusion, the citizen or visitor to Louisville can find no more instructive or enter- 
tainino; resort for an afternoon or evenine; than is found in Harris' Mammoth Museum. 



THE- LOUISVILLE HOTEL, 



Louisville Hotel Company, Proprietors— Adelbert Soule, Manager— Fifty-fourth Year— West Main Street, between 

Sixtli and Seventh Streets. 




This popular caravansary, the oldest hotel in Louisville, is a historic establishment, 
and, in all the features necessary to constitute a first-class house, is not surpassed any- 
where in the West or South. 

Established in 1832 by Drake & Haskell, it has for more than half a century pursued 
an uninterrupted career of prosperity. 

Situated in the center of the wholesale business district and upon the principal thor- 
oughfare of the city, the Louisville has extensive accommodations, and its efficient man- 
agement and unrivaled cuisine make the house a great favorite with travelers in general, 
commercial bodies and business men in particular. The 200 rooms of the house are well 
furnished and convenient of access, and 500 guests can be most comfortably entertained. 

Mr. Adelbert Soule assumed the management of the Louisville Hotel May 1st, at the 
invitation of the company's directors. Mr. Soule has had long, varied and valuable hotel 
experience, beginning as steward of a leading down-town New York restaurant. Later 
he became steward of the Brighton Beach Hotel, then of the Maxwell House, Nashville. 
Subsequently he managed the University Hotel, Princeton, N. J.; the Montfort Springs 
Hotel, Middleton,' Conn.; and, previous to coming here, the Stillman, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Himself a genial, hospitable and popular host, whose highest ambition it is to make his 
guests happy, be is assisted in the management by afiable chief clerks in the persons of 
Mr. C. F. Topping and Mr. L. S. McHenrj'. Both have been with the hotel many years 
and are well known to the traveling public. 



192 THE INDUSTRIES Oy LOUIS YIU.E 



KENTUCKY CIDER AN1> VINEGAR WORKS. 



Owen & Hughes, Manufacturers of Pure Ciders and Vinegars, Worcestershire Sauce. Pepper Sauce, Catsup ana 
IMustard— Office and Warerooms, No. 923 West Broadway. 



The use of prepared condiments is almost universal among civilized peoples the world 
over. It is not necessary to inquire why this is so, or if a necessity exists in our condi- 
tions of life, as contrasted with that of harharians, requiring the high seasoning of our 
food in order to its proper assimilation. The fact remains that we all affect sauce?, mus- 
tard, pepper, etc., and the only point upon wliich we need trouble ourselves involves the 
purity of the ingredients, the cleanliness of the processes, and the palatableness of the 
goods when set upon our tables. Cider and vinegar naturally come under the same head, 
and the same remarks apply to them. 

The Kentucky Cider and Vinegar "Works of Messrs. Owen & Hughes, No. 923 West 
Broadway, is one of the most, complete and extensive of the kind in the South or "West. 
The factory was established in 1882 by Hughes & Bros.; a year later the style became 
Shannon & Hughes, and in 1884 Owen cS; Hughes, consisting of H. S. Owen and R. M. 
Hughes. The present factory is located at Thirty-third street and Portland avenue, and 
is a large and well-arranged concern, provided with presses and storage sufficient for all 
practical purposes, and employing a full force of skilled operatives. The office and ware- 
rooms. No. 923 "West Broadway, are convenient and capacious, occupying three floors, 
thirty-five by ninety feet. The sales for 1885 reached about ten thousand barrels, and 
will "be largely exceeded the present j-ear. 

All of the goods manufactured and sold by this house are of the very best quality and 
marketed on their merits. Their cider is pressed from sound selected fruit at the proj)er 
season, and carefully stored for use in cellars kept at an even temperature, which prevents 
fermentation and acidulation, and the beverage is as fresh, sweet, and fruity after six 
months as when fir.st made, though perfectly clear and more palatable, if anything. Their 
great specialty is the celebrated "Monogram" pure fruit vinegar a grade that needs only 
to be tried to "be appreciated. It is in univcr-al demand by the best hou-ekeepers in this 
and surrounding cities, and deservedly popular with the trade in general. 

The firm also manufactures immense quantities of superior "VVorcester sauce, pepper 
sauce, catsup and mustard, for which they find ready demand at remunerative prices. 



L.. HEINIG, 



Manufacturer of Novelties and Patent Specialties in Sheet Metal. No. 643 West Main Street. 



Sheet metal — copper, zinc, brass, iron, tin, lead, etc. — is employed for a multitude of 
purposes, and new uses are found for it continuall}'. The establishment of works for its' 
manipulation is, therefore, the natural result of a pressing demand for skilled labor in a 
department of manufacture which, in the hands of the novice, could result only in 
disappointment and waste. Louisville has a first-class house of this kind where every- 
thing of sheet met^l can be nuide at short notice and in the best style. "We refer to the 
sheet metal works ot IMr. L. Heinig, No. G43 West Main .street, where every facility in 
the way of special machinery, tools and skilled workmen in this industry can be found 
and entire satisfaction guaranteed in every instance. 

Mr. Heinig, though only located here two or three years, has already secured a generous 
support and is doing well. He is an inventor of rare ability, a machinist, and was for- 
anerly in the stamping business, but abandoned it for his })resent pursuit. 

Our reporter was permitted to inspect several ingenious devices in the way of sheet 
metal working machinery, the product of Mr, Heinig's brain and hand, which indicate 
inventive talent of a high order and are certain to revolutionize the trade in some of its 
departments. Patents are pending on these, and it would, therefore, be out of place to 
particularize, but it would be well for those interested to make a note of Mr. H.'s estab- 
lishment and await developments. 

The works form an important feature of Louisville enterprise, a feature that will grow 
in pojHilarity and value to the city's interest. Some eighteen or twenty hands are already 
(■mi)loyed, and when improvements now contemplated are completed the number and the 
output will be vii-^tly increased. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



198 



JOHN J. SCHULTEN & CO., 



Wholesale Boots and Shoes— No. 507 West Main Street. 



For nearly twenty years this house has contributed to the eminence that Louisville has 
obtained — and is still obtaining in a larger degree — as a center of manufacturing industry 
and of commercial importance in the marts of the world. 

When this establishment was founded, by Quast & Schulten, in 18G7, this city and 
tributary territory was still being largely supplied with footwear direct by New England 
manufacturers and jobbers, but enterprising wholesale dealers like John J. Schulten & 
Co. — who succeeded to the business in 1881 — have enabled the country merchant of the 
interior and the city dealer to make his purchases in Louisville, and are further able to 
offer the additional inducement of very superior makes of boots and shoes, especially 
adapted to the requirements of the Southern and Western trade. The trade of the house 
is not only large in the city and surroundings, but practically extends throughout Kcn- 
tuckj^ and Indiana, and is still increasing, every season, in aggregate volume and in the 
■extent of territory supplied. 

Mr. Schulten is an old and highly-esteemed resident and business man of Louisville. 
He was, prior to 1867, engaged in the wholesale grocery business here. His commercial 
standing is of the highest; his trade facilities of the best, and the long and successful 
career ot the house establishes his familiarity with every requirement of the trade. 



NEW YORK STEAM LAUNDRY. 



Beaume & Syers. Proprietors— Nos. 644 and 646 West Jefferson Street, Louisville, and 72 and 74 South 

Illinois Street, Indianapolis, Ind. 




" Cleanliness is next to godliness," says the inspired writer, and everything that con- 
duces to purity of life, whether physical or spiritual, is worthy of commendation. The 
public laundry, though a decidedly modern idea in this country, is already the recipient 
of great favor at the hands of decent people of both sexes from the men because they 
•can have their linen purified, .starched and ironed by those whose vocation it is to perform 
such work better than it ever was done by the most careful of domestic servants; the 



194 



•I'lliS INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



women because it alike relieve.? maid and mistress of a most laborious, disagreeable and 
thankless portion of the household drudgery. 

Notwithstanding the existence here of several more or less extensive laundries, the- 
growing population and needs of the city seemed to require additional facilities of the 
kind, and in onler to meet the want Messrs. Reaume & Syers have erected the spacious 
stores Nos. 644 and G4G AVest Jefferson street, between Sixth and Seventh, south si<ie, 
thoroughly renovated and fitted up the premises, introduced the latest improved machin- 
ery, and are prepared in the best possible manner to execute all orders in the laundry line 
at short notice, in superior style and at reasonable prices. 

The building is one of the best in the city for the business, being 58x210 feet in area, 
with lofty and handsome office and storerooms. 

Mr. Eeaume is an experienced lauiidryman, owning and operating a similar extensive 
concern in Indianapolis and carrying on a gentlempn's furnishing store. Mr. Syers, also 
an experienced lauiidryman, resides here, and will have ]iersonal supervision of the New 
York Steam Laundry. Drop the almond-eyed Chinee and patroni/.e honest white men. 



H. McKENNA, 



Distiller of Nelson County Pure Old-Line Sour-Mash Whisky: Dealer in Wines. Brandies and Liquors; No. 245 
Fourth Avenue— Distillery at Fairfield, Nelson County. Ky. 




This establishment, as far as the Louisville house is concerned, commenced business 
here in 1880, on Market street, and two years later, the rapid growth of its business de- 
manding more commodious quarters, moved to the present spacious apartments, at 245 
Fourth avenue, near Main. 

Mr. H. McKenna, whose enterprise is very generally known and recognized in com- 
mercial circles, has had a lite-long experience as a distiller, and his justly-famous brand. 
Nelson County Pure Old-line Sour-mash Whisky, is known throughout the entire United 
States, and held in liigh trade favor and popular demand for its excellence and undoubted 
purity. 

Established in 1855, at Fairfield, Nelson countj', Ky., with a record of over thirty 
years, and during wliich long period Mr. McKenna's aim has been directed to the quality 
rather than the largeness of his output, this valuable asset of age alone would seem to be 
a guarantee of thoroughness and square dealing. He uses no patent yeast or lime, or 
other compounds to produce a large (juantity at the expense of quality, nothing but corn, 
rye and. bailey malt. 

In his distilling, for thirty-one years, the various United States storekeepers and 
gaugers, more than a dozen in number, who liave been stationed at his distillery, certify 



AND OF XEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



195 



that he a#es no patent yeast or lime, that all the grain used is carefully selected, that he 
mashes in the small tubs by hand, thus making ^tricily oKl-laii-hioned hand-made sour- 
mash, and tliat his whisky is absolutely pure and free from all adulterations. 

From the medical fraternity come many flattering t-slimonials attesting the excellence 
of his famous product, and Dudley 8. Keynoids, M. D., says: " H. Mclvcnmi's whisky is 
the purest and best I have ever seen." 

At his warerooms, on Fourth streei, can be always found this choice and favorite brand, 
and he also puts up whi.-ky from live U> twelve years of age in cases expressly for family. use. 

He also keeps on hand a variety of the ehoicest brands of wines, brandies and liquors, 
both domestic and imported. 



LOUISVILLE AND EVAXSVILLE MAIL COMPANY. 

W. W. Hi e. Piesident; J. G. McCulloch. Vice-Presidtnl; J. L. Sfa'b. Superintendent: B. C. Levi. Freight Agent; 
Louis niie, Sdcretary— uffice, ivos. i4b and 148 Fourtli Street. Between iVlam and River. 




The Louisville & Evansville Alail Company, nri-anized in 1800 l)y Captains W. C. 
Hite and Z. M. Shei-ley, experienced and popular steamboatmen of the old school, has 
proved a most sut-fessful venture. The ca|)ital stock, $:20d.OOO, enabled the company to at 
once put upon the line several costly and elegant side-wheel steamers of the finest class, 
which as fast as worn out or disabled have been re]ilaced fron^ time to time with new and 
equally fine boats. The line at present employs five splendid craft, viz : The"Rainbow." 
" City of Owensboro,"' "James Guthrie," •' \Iattie Hays," and" Fashion." Trips extend to 
Henderson, Kentucky, fifteen miles below Evansville. from and to which port, notwithstand- 
ing railroad com]ietition, there is a heavy aiul profitable freight and passenger traffic. All 
along the river this line is pojiular with the pi'ople, who. when travelingor makingshipments 
of any kind, give the Louisville and Evansville Mail Company's boats the preference 
over all others, thus sustaining the company and at the same time adding value to their 
property by having regular communication and a daily mail both ways. 

The dc'ith of Captains Sherley and Hite some year-> ago left the management of the 
line in the hands of the present, ofiicers named at the head of this article, and they have, 
if possible, increased the popularity and patronage always so liberally bestowed. One of 
these boautiful ami elegantly appointe:l steamers leaves the foot of Fourth street every 
day for Owensboro, Kvansville. Henderson, and all intermediate points, carrying the 
United .State-; mail and all freight and passengers for the lower river. Keasonable rates 
are afforded, ruid quicker delivery of freight than by any other route ; the best accotnmo- 
dations provided, equipment first-class and unequaled. The ofiicers of these boats are- 
among the mo-^t experienced and cautious on the river. In the tweiity-six years of the- 
company's existence no passengers have ever been lost or in any way injured. 



196 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



FERDINAND F. LUTZ, 

Proprietor of City IVIalt-House— Manufacturer of Barley, Rye and Corn Malt— Dealer in Barley. Brewers' and 
Distillers' Supplies— Monroe and Twelfth Streets. 



The manufacture of malt long ago became a distinct 
ndustry, experience having shown that in order to reach 
the best results special training and exclusive attention 
to this branch of the brewing and distilling business was 
necessary'. Hence, almost every large city in the coun- 
try counts among its manufiicturing establishments one 
or more large malting-houses. Tlie leader here in this 
specialty is Mr. Ferdinand F. Lutz, whose fine three- 1 
story nialt-liouse, 100x190 feet, at the corner of Monroe 
and Twelfth streets, is a feature of that portion of the 
city. This establishment is completely equipped in 
every department, and turns out from 150,000 to 200,000 
bushels of superior malt annuall}'. It was erected in 
1879, and has proved a successful venture from the start. 
At present Mr. Lutz's business extends throughout this 
city and the States of Kentucky, (Jhio, Virginia, Tennes- 
see and Pennsylvania, and continues to increase, the first 
year's sales footing up 50,000 bushels, the second 125,- 
000, and so on up to 1885, when 200,C0l) bushels were 
disposed of to the trade. Distillers' orders for choice 
yeast, as well as other malts, receive prompt attention, and 
satisfaction is guaranteed in every instance. This is a 
home enterprise and deserves well at the hands of home brewers and distillers in the 
■State, 




CHOICEHQP^j 

FROM 




W. W. HITE & CO., 



Dealers in Steamboat and Railroad |Supplies: Manufacturers of Tarpaulins, and Dealers in Cotton Duck- 
Nos. 146 and H8 Fourt'n Avenue, between Main and River. 



Although the trade in naval stores and supplies is not now what it was in the palmy 
daj's of steamboating, when five or six, or a dozen or more palatial craft backed out from 
the Louisville and i*ortland wharves dailj% loaded to the guards with freight and people, 
nevertheless there is still a considerable traffic in all commodities pertaining to naviga- 
tion, and, by adding to these a general stock of railroad supplies, the handler of boat 
stores manages to keep the wolf from the door and show a handsome aggregate of trans- 
actions in his December balance sheet. 

The most extensive and prosperous concern of this kind now in existence here is the 
•old-established house of W. W. Hite & Co., Nos. 146 and 148 Fourth avenue, between 
Main and the river, founded some twelve or fifteen years ago by Messrs. Gilmore & Co., 
succeeded later bj' Gilmore, Hite & Co., and, in 1885, by the present firm, with a capital 
of $50,000. and now doing a yearly business of $100,000. 

"\V. W. Hite & Co. have a verj' convenient and commodious building, 35 feet front 
by 100 feet deep, and three stories high, fully stocked with a complete line of steamboat, 
railroad and mill supplies of all kinds, embracing ship chandlery, cordage, oakum, naval 
stores generally, etc. The firm are also extensive manufacturers and dealers in tarpaulins 
and cotton duck of all widths and weights, and of superior quality. 

'I'iiis firm is an incorporated company, of which Mr. W. W. Hite is president; J. G. 
McCulloch vice-president; Louis Hite secretary, and E. S. Brewster treasurer. The 
president has been connected with tlie hou«c for many years, Mr. McCulloch and Mr. 
Brewster about four years each, and Mr. Louis Hite since 1885. Messrs. W. "\V. and 
Louis Hite and Mr. AlcCullocii are also connected with the Louisville «.t Evansville Mail 
Company, whose boats ply upon the lower Ohio. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



197 



THE BREMAKER-MOORE PAPER COMPANY. 



Charles Bremaker President; J. J. Hayes, Secretary and Treasurer— Manufacturers of Fine Book and Print 
Paper— Corner First and Washington Streets 

The manufact- 
ure of printing 
paper, both book 
and news, is a 
<i;rowing industry 
at most centers of 
population and 
commerce, keep- 
ing pace with and 
being ono of the 
most reliable indi- 
ces of public prog- 
ress in education^ 
in tell igence and 
general refine- 
ment. The dis- 
co vnry of means of 
utilizing wood 
pulp in the produc- 
tion of superior paper gave this branch ot business a powerful impetus from the fact that 
it reduced the cost of material verj' considerably and made possible the successful publica- 
tion of penny newspapers and cheap editions of standard books of all kinds, thus encour- 
aging and fostering a taste for reading which, formerly, by reason of the high price of 
books, could be only partially satiated. Anything that tends to humanize and elevate the 
masses is a public blessing, and consequently the modern paper-maker, in view of the aid 
he renders to this cause, is a benefactor of his kind. 

The Bremaker-Moore Paper Company, of Louisville, is one of the city's prosperous- 
and substantial concerns. It was organized in 1864 by Messrs. Charles Bremaker, John 
T. Moore and D. E. Stark, the foi'mer two of the firm of Moore, Bremaker & Co., wbolesalfr 
grocers. Later Messrs. Josepb J. Hayes and Buckner M. Creel were admitted, and in 
1875 the corr.pany was chartered as a stock company with a capital of $300,000. The 
mill, located at the corner of First and Washington streets, is one of the most complete 
and thoroughly equipped of the kind in the country, contains a superb complement of 
improved machinery of the best make, and employs 125 hands, whose wages average 
$1,200 a week. A vast quantity of paper is turned out every year, for which a ready sale- 
is found throughout the West, North-west and South. The leading specialty is tine quality 
machine-finished super-calendered book paper of different weights and all tints, for which 
the demand is steadily on the increase. The trade will find this hovise one of the most 
liberal and prompt in existence. 




HUGH STAFFORD, 

Manufacturer of Whisky, Pork and Lard Barrels, Bacon Casks, Ham Tierces, etc., and Dealer in Staves, Head- 
ings and Hoops, Reservoir Avenue, between Spring and Stone Streets. 



While the cooperage interest of Louisville is not what it formerly was, owing to a 
variety of causes, yet there continues to be an injmense business done here in both finished 
work and rough and dressed materials. The most extensive concern in Louisville repre- 
senting this branch of manufactures and trade is that of Mr. Hugh Stafford, located on 
Reservoir street, extending some 700 feet along that thoroughfare and with a depth of 200' 
feet. Several large shops are embraced in the premises, equipped with steam power and 
all necessary machinery for the manufacture of rough, jointed and bucked staves, rough, 
bucked and circled headings, hoops, and coopers' material generally, as well as whisky, 
pork and lard barrels, bacon casks, ham tierces, and every description of cooperage. The 
establishment employs from 150 to 200 men at this point and many more at Caneyville, 
Grayson Springs, Harton and other points, where timber is got out and shipped. All the 
staves, heading, etc., used by the concern are dressed at Caneyville, where an extensive 
factory is maintained. Large quantities of superior oak timber are also handled and 



198 



THE INDUSTRIES OF L,OUISVILLE 



¥:hippcd to order. Twelve to tiltfcn liuiuired dollars per week is disbursed in wages, and 
tlie annual output in material and packages aggregate ^200,000 to |400,000 according to 
the slate of the market. 

Mr. Staflord ships largely of barrels, etc., to all parts of the United States, and vast 
<'argoes of sliooks to Cuba aiid other West India islands and to Europe. His great spe- 
cialty, however, is the manufacture of lard and whisky barrels, in which he excels. He is 
a practical cooper and has been connected with the trade since boyhood. From 1858 to 
1872 he was employed as cooper for some of the most noted Kentucky'distillery houses, 
after which time he embarked in his present big enterprise. He has every facility for 
doing a largely increased business, and for convenience of shipping has a switch and side- 
track connecting with the Louisville & Na.«hville railroad. 








COMPANY- plHIIIISI 

iMjl iiBiisiailsiSiiRfKI';; 



THE GIANT TOBACCO COMPANY, 

Successors to Dick, Middleton & Co., Manufacturers of Plug Tobacco : Corner Jefferson and Nint»» Streets— John 

IV<iddleton, President. 

Of the industries 
that cluster about the 
Ohio Falls the most 
important in mone- 
tary results, in the 
number of people de- 
pendent upon it, and 
in its influence upon 
business interests gen- 
erally, and the pros- 
perity of the city, the 
handling of tobacco in 
its various stages, from 
its receipt by rail or 
river uj) through the 
factory and the hands 
of the jobber and re- 
tailer to the customer, 
is by long odds the 
most important. It is 
safe to say that the re- 
" " - ':i:<=iS--lj---'^^''' '" ■ suits of the present 

year's operations will tind Louisville far in the lead of any other tobacco market in the 
'world — an obiect well worth striving for, and that when achieved will reflect honor upon 
all who exert themselves for its attainment. One of the principal factors conducing to the 
pre-eminence of Louisville as a tobacco center is the already famous Giant Tobacco Com- 
pany, successors to the old and noted firm of Dick, Middlet(^n & Co., Mr. John Middleton 
being president of the present association; Mr. Geo. E. Brown, of Brown, Thompson & 
Co., wholesale liquor dealers, vice-jiresident ; Hugh L. Barret treasurer, and \V. li. Dick 
secretary. The organization of this company dates from January 1st of the present year ; 
the paid'-U]) <*tj)itol stock is $120,000, and, with the well-earned ])restige of the old firm, 
and the co-operation of its ]irinci)ial members, the outlook for the Giant Tobacco Com- 
pany is very flattering indeed. 

The works front 210 feet on Ninth street, 105 feet on Jefferson street, and 105 feet on 
Green, are four stories high, and have a basement story extending under the entire build- 
ing, wherein are located the powerful hydraulic presses employed in the business. All 
the machinery used is of the most approved description, very costly, and. on the whole, 
constitutes one of the most valuable plants of the kind in the country. From lo5 to 140 
hands are regularly employed ; the pay-rolls reach *800 to $1,000 a week, and the aver- 
age yearly j)roductive cajjacity is $(500,000 worth of finished goods of high grade. The 
favorite brands are the well-known "Acorn " and " Checkmate " ]dug clicwing tobacco, 
for which, owing to excellence of stock, flavor, and suj)erior lasting qualities, the demand 
is rapidlv growing. Other brands are manufactured to order for the trade, but those 
named are the standard goods of the Giant Tobacco Company, upon which its reputation 
especially rests. 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



199 



GERMAN INSURANCE COMPANY. 



Reidhar, President; J. J. Fischer. Secretary; H. Rehkopf. Assistant Secretary George A. Ehrman. Solicitor 3 
Paid-up Capital Stock. $200,000 -No. 237 West Market Street. 



The German FiVf Insurance Company of Louisville is one 
t>f those solid and substantial institutions which, founded in 
he good old times, has stuck closelj^ to the line of policy 
originally adopted and made itself the repository, year by 
year, of the increased confidence of the people, whose trust 
i 11 its integrity, never shaken by doubtful methods, is stronger 
to-day than at any previous time. 

This fine old company was chartered in 1854, and in all 
the years of its existence has never failed to meet promptly 
•and fully its engagements. It has issued many millions of 
risks and saved many a man from penury, and not a single 
crooked or doubtful transaction can be justly charged to its 
account. As an evidence of its still-growing popularity, its 
outstanding policies at this time aggregate fully $3,000,000. 

The company does a strictly legitimate fire insurance 
business, well distributed in the city and surrounding coun- 
try. The otticers' names appear above. The directors are 
F. Reidhar, Esq., president of the German Insurance Rank; 
J. J. Fischer, cashier of same; W. H. Edinger, Joseph 
Hauxhausen, Charles "VVinkler, Louis Eckstenkemper and 
H. "Wellenvoss. 




GERMAN INSURANCE BANK. 



F. Reidliar. President: Jos. J. Fischer. Cashier— Capital, $250,000: Surplus $100,000; Average 
Deposits, $1,161,404, 027-No. 237 W. Market Street. 



The above-named first-class financial institution, organized and chartered by the Leg- 
islature in 1872, is a promising and growing child of the sound and prosperous old Ger- 
man Insurance Company. The same officers and directors control the operations of both 
in.stitutions ; consequently no confusion or clashing of interests can arise. They also oc- 
cupy the same building, which further faciliates the transaction of business — the fine busi- 
ness house No. 237 West Market street. 

The German Insurance Bank conducts a conservative and legitimate local and general 
banking business in all departments, embracing loans, dqjosits, collections, the buying and 
selling of foreign and domestic exchange, etc. The bank has reliable correspondents at 
leading monetary centers, as follows : National Park and Chemical National, of New 
York; Bank of the Commonwealth, Boston; Merchants' National, of Cincinnati; Com- 
mercial National ot Chicago, and Fourth National of St. Louis. The following official 
statement shows the condition of the German Insurance Bank at the close of business 
December 31, 1885, a most favorable and encouraging showing indeed; Real estate, 
bonds, and stocks. Cash and other assets, $1,550,032.94 ; Liabilities — capital stock, .$249,500; 
profit and loss, $105,760.87; dividend No. 27, $9,980; previous dividends, unpaid, $343; 
deposits, $1,161,404.27; due banks and bankers, $23,044.80; total, $1,550,032.94. The av- 
erage annual dividend for the last tv/o years has been eight per cent, on paid-up cap- 
ital. 

Mr. Reidhar, the president, has occupied his present position for fourteen years, as has 
also Cashier Jos. J. Fischer. The directors are: F. Reidhar, J. J. Fischer, W. H. Ed- 
inger, Jos. Hauxhausen, Charles Winkler, Louis Eckstenkemper, and H. Wellenvoss, capa- 
ble and responsible citizens and prominent business men. 



200 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



C. C. KOE & CO. 



Engraving on Wood and Patent Solicitors— Rooms Nos. 8 toll. North-east Corner Fourth and Main Streets. 

This well-known house was established in 1872, and 
has always occupied a commanding position in respect to 
the commercial development of Lcuisville and vicinity. 
In his wood engraving, which is at once artistically done 
and faithful in reprod'uction, Mr. Roe has been singularly 
successful in fully satisfying his patrons, and in develop- 
ing a very large "local trade, as well as in reaching more 
distant points in the interior ot the State and the South 
generally. 

As puhlishers, we may claim a somewhat extensive 
knowledge of the relative" faithfulness to the original of 
artistically-fashioned wood engravings, like those of Mr. 
Eoe, comjjared with the cheaper processes somewhat util- 
ized in inferior work, and business men in general familiar with his work award the palm 
to the wood engraving and designing executed by this house. 

Mr. Roe is a graduate of the Chicago Athenieum, which has always su.stained a pre- 
eminent reputation throughout the country for the comprehensiveness and thoroughness 
ol its instruction in art-designing and drawing. Cuts presented elsewhere in this work 
serve also to illustrate the excellence, artistic character and tine finish of his work. He 
has engravings and electrotypes of nearly all the principal public and commercial build- 
ings in Louisville, made by himself. 

" C. C. Roe «& Co. are afso prominent in business circles as patent solicitors, and in this 
behalf have filled a sphere of great usefulness and profit to resident inventors and others. 




BRENNAN & CO., SOUTH-WESTERN AGRICULTURAL WORKS 

A.G.Vunn. President; Thomas Brennan. Vice-President: W. Garnett Munn, Secretary and Treasurer; Tom W. 
Weller, General Manager -Manufacturers of Agricultural Implements, Farm Machinery, etc.— Office and 
Warerooms, Corner Eighth and Green Streets. 

The engraving here repro- 
duced illustrates one of the 
largest manufacturing indus- 
tries of Louisville and the 
Sou th- west, the Soutlv-western 
Agricultural Works, owned 
and operated by Brennan & 
Co., a corporation organized 
January 1, 1882, with a cap- 
ital stock of $160,000, to suc- 
ceed to the old established 
business, in the same line, of 
Munn & Co., a house founded 
here more than thirty years 
ago, and perpetuated in the 
new company, through the 
executive officers of the lat- 
ter. The establishment occupies most extensive premises, as shown in the accompanying 
illustration, for manufacturing and warehouse purposes, on Eighth" and Green streets, 
fronting on the Litter, and the opposite corner as well for factory and yardage purposes. 
The line of manufactures is unusually extensive and varied, embracing many various 
kinds of agricultural implements and farm machinery, inclusive, too, of saw mills, shingle 
and lath machines, circular saws, etc., and a variety of specialties of this character. It 
is said by those who have long used the implements and machinery made at these works 
that they are especially ingenious, yet simple in construction'and very durable, as more 
clearly appears when the fact is taken into account that the manufacturers themselves are 
practical workmen of great skill and large experience. So large is the range of manu- 
facture and so extensive the business of the company, that one hundred and fifty skilled 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



201 



hands are constantly employed in tlie ft>rmer, and tlie aggregate volume of trade last year 
exceeded $"200,000, and gives promise in 188G <>l reaching a round quarter of a million 
dollars. In territorial extent the trade of the company already embraces the entire South 
and St)uth-\vest, and is continually widening in its scope of usefulness and profit. 

Mr. A. G. Munn, the president of the coqmration, -vfas the original founder of the 
house, and has always been actively identifii-d with its management, being a business man 
of great energy and experience. He is originaily from New Jersey, but in this and other 
capacities has been connected with the industrial development of Louisville almost fifty 
years. Vice-President Thomas Brennan joined the enterprise during the depressing 
period incident to the war, and has since been connected with tlie success of the concern. 
He is a native of I.ouisville, as is also Mr. W. Garnett ^Funn, the energetic secretary and 
treasurer. Jklr. AVeller, tlie general manager of the establishment, hails from Nashville, 
Tenn. The company has the highest commercial standing, and making a practice of 
buying wholly for ca>h, is at all times without indebtedness. 



THE BVXK OF I.OUtSVILLE. 



Samuel Russell. President: E. A. Hewitt. Cashier— No. 324 West Main Street. 

The Bank of Louisville was char- 
tered in 1833, with a paid-up capital 
of .$1,000,000, subscribed in three 
hours. By the terms of the legislative 
act authority was given to increase 
the capital stock to $2,000,000. Its 
first president was John S. Snead, 
who died in 1840. Three branches — 
one at Paducah and two at interior 
pointo — were forced into liquidation 
during or at the close of the civil 
war, and the parent institution was 
left alone, vigorous and atHuent, even 
under such difficulties as beset all of 
the State banks in those times of 
trial, to continue the battle and enjoy 
the triumph that followed. Under 
all circumstances and at all times 
this hank has met all of its obliga- 
tions to the penny, and as a conse- 
quence commands the unbounded 
confidence of the public. 

It is unnecessary, as it would be 
wearying, to follow the fortunes of 
the bank in detail and give a history 
of each administration that has pre- 
sided over its operations. The insti- 
tution has been rechartered several 
times, its present authority dating from 1880. The capital stock, paid up, is $694,100, 
and the surplus fund $19,800. The regular line of deposits averages over $1,000,000, its 
patrons in this department embracing many of the best, wealthiest and most conservative 
people of the city and State. The institution does a regular banking, deposit and collec- 
tion business, and is prepared to meet all reasonable demands for loans ft>r legitimate pur- 
poses; in fact, the liberality which has always characterized its attitude toward public 
improvements has gained for it the highest honor and respect of enterprising citizens. 

The officers of the Bank of Louisville are named above. They are too well known to 
require introduction at our hands. The board of directors, composed of equally noted men, 
is as follows: J. B. Wilder, D. G. Parr, Hamilton Pope, K. J. Browne, Charles Bremaker, 
H. G. Phillips, J. E. Caldwell, T. L. Jefferson, jr., and Samuel Russell. Sound to the 
core, safe, reliable and devoid of pretense, this grand old bank forms one of the noblest 
bulwarks of Louisville enterprise and financial integrity, and bids fair to survive many 
younger rivals. 

14 




202 



\rHK INDUSTEIES OP LOUISVILLK 



KENTUCKY AND I^OUISVILLE MUTUAL INSURANCE CO. 



Thomas P.Jacob. President; James B. Cocke. Secretary: Samuel L. Nock. Solicitor and Surveyor— Capital 
$375,000— Organized. 1839-Office. No. 208 Fifth Street. 



This fine old company, 
forty-seven years in exist- 
ence, has demonstrated to 
a certainty that the mutual 
plan of fire insurance can 
be successfully and profit- 
ably carried out when the 
management is vested in 
competent and faithful 
hands. The charter, grant- 
ed by the Legislature in 
1839, authorizes the peti- 
tioners to organize the 
Kentucky and Luuisville 
Mutual Insurance Com- 
pany, for the purpose of 
insuring their respective 
dwelling-houses, stores, 
shops, and other buildings, 
and household furniture, 
against loss or damage by 
fire, "to secure relief to its 
members, and their legal 
heirs and assignees, by 
mutually associating per- 
sons in order to equaiizf 
the risk of fire." It seems 
that these men were 
prompted to take this stop 
by a realization of the fact 
that, while the laboring 
masses were most in need 

of the benefits of fire insurance, the rates at which these can be secured of the stock 
companies were so oppressively high that but few, if any, of the people of moderate 
means could avail themselves of them. Having secured their charter, they organized, 
adopted a system of by-laws, and commenced to solicit members. System is as follows: 
All policies are issued for a period of six years; on issue of the policy, the party insuring 
is required to give a note for what the premium would amount to in the six years, and to 
pay in cash ten per cent, of said note. For example: A policy for $5,00C, at one per 
cent, per annum, would be fifty dollars, and for the six j'ears six times that amount, $300. 
So you see the note would be $300, and ten ])er cent, of said note, the cash payment, thirty 
dollars. This ten per cent, does not have to be paid any more during the term of the 
policy (six years), and no other payments, unless a call is made, in which case a pro rata 
call is made on all premium notes. The premium note is not negotiable, but merely a 
conditional obligation, without interest. In endeavoring to introduce their system, the 
projectors of this reform in fire insurance encountered untold opposition, principally from 
the believers in and employes of old-line or high-rate insurance companies. These de- 
clared that the " scheme " was a swindle ; that its plans defied common sense, and that in 
a few years, or when a big fire ha]ipened, their declaration would be verified by the inglo- 
rious collapse of the concern. The contrary has proved true. The average fire losses 
have been $7,204.58 per annum ; average annual expense, including salaries, office rent, 
printing, etc., $3,795.43; total losses and expenses, $11,000.01 per annum, or about thir- 
teen cents on each one hundred dollars of insurance— one-eighth of one per cent.; this 
cost covering every class of property insured. Seventy-five cents on the one hundred 
dollars is considered remarkably cheap insurance in the regular stock companies. Policy- 
holders may expect their insurance in future as in the past, at cost. 

We do not entertain uny doubt that the mutual plan can and will be developed in the 
near future, so as to take the place of stock insurance, and afford indemnity at cost. 
This mutual company has been in successful operation for forty-seven years. It has been 




THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILi£ 



203 



doing a very large and successful local business, taking only the saler class of risks. Iti 
managers are gentlemen whose names are sufficient gutrantfc to the public that its man- 
agement will be conducted with prudence and skill. The company is purely mutual, not 
having a dollar of stock. Its policy-holders are the only members of the corporation. 
It is therefore, in effect, a simple partnership of persons for insuring each other's property. 
Its affairs remain perpetually in the entire control of the members themselves, to elect a 
board of directors to directly'supervise all the business of the company. It does no busi- 
ness outside of this State, and employs no agents ; has been in successful operation for 
the last forty-seven years, taking only the safer class of risks offered. 

Persons desirous of procuring insurance at actual cost can do so by addressing or call- 
ing on Samuel L. Nock, solicitor and surveyor, or James B. Cocke, secretary, at the 
company's office, No. 208 Fifth street, over the Fidelity Trust and Safety Vault Com- 
pany. 



SALEM STONE AN1> LIME COMPANY. 



R.A.Robinson, President; Jolin A. Carter. Vice-President; James G. Carter, Treasurer; John L. Wlieat. Secre- 
tary; D. Bell<nap, General Superintendent— Quarries. Salem, Ind.— Office, No. 501 West Main Street, 
Louisville. 




GEORGIA STATE-HOUSE. 

The oolitic (commonly known as Bedford) limestone of Indiana has become so famous 
for its element-defying qualities, ease of manipulation, abundance, beauty and cheapness, 
as to require little in the way of commendation in these pages. Its practical employment in 
the construction of the Indiana, Georgia and Illinois state-houses, the new Cincinnati court- 
house, and many other immense and costly public and private buildings in the pi-incipal 
cities of the Union, has demonstrated the value of this material over all others as yet de- 
veloped for construction purposes where strength, lasting qualities, economy and architect- 
ural effects are to be consulted. For thirty years this superb stone has been employed 
upon a constantly-increasing scale, and in all respects has come up to the most ardent ex- 
pectations and hopes of its advocates. At this time there is' an immense and rapidly aug- 
menting call for this stone in all leading American cities, the product of the quarries being 
taken in increased quantities year after year. 

The Salem Stone and Lime Company, office No. 501 West Main street, this city, 
owns and operates very extensive oolitic quarries at Salem, Washington county, Ind., 
which they confidently claim and seem prepared to prove beyond question, is superior in 



204 THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



important particulars to that from any other quarries of the so-called Bedford stone. In 
uniformity of color and texture Saleni far surpasses otlier quarries of like character. The 
company has built large mills for stonecutting by steam, the quarrying being performed 
in great part by the same means, while all modern improvements for rapid handling, 
working and shipping, including tramways, side tracks, etc., are provided. Over a hundred 
operatives are employed, and the output is enormous. This company also manufactures 
vast quantities of sujperior building lime, and can fill orders for the same to any extent, 
promptlj- and in the best style. 

Of the Salem oolitic stone R. T. Scowden, Esq., city engineer of Louisville, says : 

" The Salwii stone has been largely used in this city for many years past, many of the 
more important public and private buildings and other structures, including the City Hall, 
Gait House, various churches, etc., being built of the same. 

" It is a popular stone with architects, engineers, builders, etc., because of its well- 
known superior qualities, thoroughly proven by long usage under every degree of test and 
exposure. 

" In the City Hall and other buildings its color is uniform and well preserved, while 
the sharp angles and delicate carvings remain clear and perfect, showing no signs of in- 
jury from age or exposure. I have never known any injury to come to this stone from 
the weather or atmospheric influences, frequent and severe freezing showing no visible 
eflect in the most trying positions. Its uniform color and texture, its strength and power 
of endurance, commend it to all for purposes where these qualifications are deemed 
essential. 

'* I deem the Indiana oolitic limestone, of which the Salem quarries are equal to^any in 
existence, unexcelled for all general purposes." 

Mr Jno. Collett, State Geologist of Indiana : " The striaj and erosions of the glacial age 
are seen, dating back to the beginning of quarternary time. This stone has withstood the 
elements and their disintegrating action during these long periods, and can be confidently 
recommended for the erection of extensive and permanent structures." 

Professor E. T. Cox, his predecessor in office, says: "Examined along the crop, this 
stone shows a wonderful resistance to weathering. As a durable building stone, it has 
withstood the ravages of time in buildings for upward of fifty years, and still retains the 
hammer and chisel marks, almost as sharp as jvhen cut." 

Indiana Geological Report of 1882 : " In natural outcrop it presents bold, perpendicu- 
lar faces to the elements, showing every scratch and mark, unaffected after the exposure 
of thousands of years, as no other stone or rock does. Here there is presented to the 
builder and architect a new and wondrous element, in an elastic stone, a potent quality, 
which, united with its other sterling exfellencies of strength and beauty, makes Indiana 
oolitic limestone the best in the world for exposed work in buildings in localities subject 
to great climatic changes." 



NEWHOUSE & CO., 



Wholesale and Retail Druggists— Nos. 700 and 702 Market Street. Soutii-west Corner Seventh— Robert A. 

Newhouse, Proprietor. 



This old-established and conservative drug hou.se, with a reputation honestly earned 
by thirty years of upright dealings and legitinuite enterprise, is a landmark of Louisville, 
firm as a rock, sound to the core, and reliable as it is unpretentious. The well-remem- 
bered and respected Dr. Sargent was the founder, succeeded by Alford. Newhouse & Co., 
and he in 1874 by the present proprietor, jMr. Rolxjrt A. Newhouse, formerly a heavy salt 
operator for some ten years. He is a native of Louisville, and it is stated as a singular 
coincidence that the site of hie great drug house was also the spot of bis birth. He is a 
director of the Louisville Insurance Company and an upright citizen, respected and pop- 
ular with all who know him. 

The fine four-story building occupied by Newhouse & Co. fronts 26 feet on Market 
street and 130 feet on Seventh street, is provided with commodious cellars and all modern 
conveniences, and is one of the completest establishments of the kind in the city. An 
immense stock of pure drugs, chemicals, proprietary medicines, paints, oils, varnishes, 
painters' supplies, toil«t articles and kindred goods ame at all times kept on hand, and the 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



205 



trade will find as fine goods, as reasonable terms and as prompt and satisfactory attention 
given to orders bere as elsewbere in the South or West, or, indeed, anywhere. 

The retail drug trade are also invited to inspect Newhouse & Co.'s facilities and terms 
before replenishing stocks. The goods oflered are always of the best quality, pure and 
reliable. 

In the retail and prescription departments this establishment is perfection itself. With 
vast stores of standard drugs, etc., to draw upon, and skilUul and experienced pharmacists 
constantly in attendance, the facilities for supplying any and every article i<nown to the 
materia medlca are unsurpassed, while few establishments can boast the same facilities for 
compounding rare and critical prescriptions requiring great accuracy and knowledge of 
the art. 



MACAULEY'S THEATER. 



John T. Macauley, Proprietor— Walnut Street, near Fourth. 



This splendid dramatic temple, the finest if not 
the most spacious in the South, was erected by the 
late Barney Macauley in 1873, and was the crown- 
ing triumph of his lite. Business reverses overtook 
the great actor and manager, however, and, in 
1879, this beautiful dramatic temple passed into 
the hands of Mr. John T. Macauley, who had had 
previous experience as manager and proprietor at 
Indiannpolis, Cincinnati and Toledo. Under his 
administration Macauley's Theater has proved 
very prosperous, and is to-day regarded as one of 
the most valuable and successful properties of the 
kind in the West or South. 

Season after season the bc'^t attractions on the 
road are presented, and, at various times, the mo.st 
eminent actors and actresses of the day have trod 
its boards — Booth, McCullough, Irving, Keene, 
Raj'mond, Mary Anderson, Bernhardt, Judic and 
hundreds of others whose names are synonymous 
with genius and dramatic power. It is the policy 
of the management, at all times, to cater to culti- 
vated taste, and in this it has been unqualifiedly 
successful, as the crowds who enter its doors even- 
ing after evening, season in and season out, attest. 
The capacitj^ of the house is some 1900 auditors, 
600 or 700 more than any other Louisville theater 
will accommodate. During the past two years many important improvements have been 
introduced, and it is safe to say that, in point of furnishings and decorations, the house is 
unsurpassed anywhere. 




HINZEX & SPELGEK, 



Manufacturers of Shirts and Dealers in Gents" Furnishing Goods— No. 446 West Jefferson Street, Telephone 

Exchange Building. 



Every man and youth who makes any pretensions to respectability is solicitous con- 
cerning the quality and purity of his linen, as well as its make and fit. There is no other 
garment in habitual wear that carries in its folds so much of happiness or misery as the 
shirt, and none which is so commonly a trial to its owner. In order to enjoy life, men 
must have clean and comfortable shirts, and Louisville presents no better opportunities 
for the acquiring of these indispensable adjuncts of decency and civilization than are 
offered by Messrs. Hinzen & Spelger, the energetic, industrious and affjible proprietors of 
the elegant gents' furnishing goods emporium at No. 446 West Jefferson street, near 
Fifth, Telephone Exchange building. The firm manufacture every description of fine 



206 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



ihirts to order, in the best manner, guaranteeing fit and satisfaction as regards material 
and workmanship. The house also carries a superb stock of gentlemen's furnishings of 
all kinds, fine neckwear, underwear in silk, wool and cotton ; collars, cufi's, gloves, sus- 
penders, and, in short, every item entering into the intimate outfit of a gentleman; 
umbrellas, canes, etc., in limitless variety, of all grades and of the most popular manu- 
facture. They also take orders for laundry work, which is done in the best style and at 
low prices. 

Messrs. Hinzen & Spelger havp one of the handsomest and most tastefullj'-arranged 
stores in the city, and do a large and growing business. The firm was organized by Otto 
H. Hinzen and Ed F. Spelger, the first a former member of Hinzen & Rosen, piano 
manufacturers, the latter, an experienced merchant, who has hitherto successfully con- 
ducted furnishing goods houses in Memphis and Nashville, and a dry goods house here. 
Both are popular and successful men, and will build up a big trade in their present line. 



PROGRESS PAINT AND COLOR WORKS. 



John H. Bates & Son, Manufacturers of and Dealers in Paints, Oils, Colors, Window Glass, Red Oxide of Iron, 
Ready-made Paints. Brushes, etc.— Factory, No. 629 Eait Marl<et Street; Office and Wareroom, No. 235 
IVIarket Street, near Third. 




— READY MIXED PAINTS.— 1 
ftRTISTS " CILDERS MATERIALS, | 




The vast growth'^f the building interest which of late 
years has marked the progress of the West and South has 
brought with it corresponding development of the allied 
trades, notably that of painting and the handling and man- 
ufacture of paints and painters' supplies. Of the reputable 
old firms here connected with this branch of business none 
stand higher than Messrs. John H. Bates & Son, whose 
popular establishment was founded by the senior member 
in 1850 — thirty-six years ago. Their large and well- 
e(|uipped factory, 75x30 feet, is situated at No. 629 East 
Market street. The office and salesrooms. No. 235 "West 
Market, near Third street, is 25x150 feet, and three .stories 
in height. Thirteen men and all necessary machinerj- are 
employed, and the annual production and sales foot uj) an 
average of about $45,000. 

The leading specialty of the house comprises a superior 
grade of car, bridge and roofing paints; also black asphal- 
tum varnish, red oxide of iron, and ready-mixed paints, 
of which they manufacture large quantities for the 
trade. They also carry a heavy stock of all kinds of 
paints, oils, colors, window glass, brushes, and painters' and 
glaziers' goods generally, and are prepared to give low 
prices and liberal terms to buyers at any time. 



ERNEST F. SAUERMANN. 



Planing Mill and Box Factory, Nos. 611 and 613 East Market Street. 



The lumber business is one of the most essential to the industrial and commercial pros- 
perity of any community, and Louisville is well represented in this regard. 

Among the leading establi.shments engaged in the sale and varied working up of this 
commodity none is better known popularly or commands a larger degree of trade favor 
than that of Ernest F. Sauermann, whose trade, though chieily local, is quite extensive in 
volume. His is an establishment having the prestige of age and a career of business suc- 
cess. The manufacturing facilities include a well-equipped planing mill and box factory in 
•which twenty hands are employed, turning out a class of wares confessedly of a very superior 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



207 



quality. Mr. Sauermann also deals extensively in lumber, laths and shingles, and his 
trade is not only large, as already st>ited, but is constantly increasing from year to year. 

Mr. Sauermann will soon commence the manufacture of a patent ventilated barrel 
especially designed for the shipment of fruit. This barrel is thoroughly arranged for fruit 
shipments, where long distance is concerned, and is provided with ventilations from top 
to bottom between every stave. 



ALEXANDER'S HOTEL. 



Jo. B. Alexander & Co., Proprietors— South-east Corner of Jefferson and Center Streets— Alex. W. Jones, W. 
Robert Logan and John J. Sullivan, Clerks. 



The large and well- 
conducted Alexander's 
Hotel is centrally locat- 
ed, convenient to the 
business streets and to 
the various places of 
amusement, the church- 
es, the railroad depots, 
and the steamboat land- 
ings. The proprietor is 
the beau ideal of a jovial, 
genial, old-time South- 
ern landlord, while all 
connected with the man- 
agement partake of his 
hospitable nature. Night- 
ly a tine string band dis- 
courses sweet music for 
the entertainment of the 
lady guests and all who 
desire to listen. 

Alexander's Hotel is a luuidbouiu live-stury brick building; is well arranged through- 
out with an eye single to the comfort and saletj' of its guests, and is provided with every 
modern convenience ai.d a corps of one hundred and twenty-live trained and attentive 
servants. The house has entertained as many as five hundred guests at one time, and did 
it well. 

Mr. Alexander directs the affairs of the house in all its departments, a task for which 
he is specially well fitted by an experience of twenty years as host. For three years he 
was proprietor of the Alexander House, corner of Seventh and Market streets, but was 
burned out; for the next four years of the National Hotel, Fourth and Main ; for five years 
of the Alexander Hotel, Eighth and Main; later reopened the Alexander House, Seventh 
and Market, which had been rebuilt and enlarged, and subsequently removed to the pres- 
ent location, formerly the Willard, which he has since conducted with ability and success. 




DUCKWALL, TROXELL & CO., 



Wholesale Dealers In Hay, Corn, Wheat, Oats, Straw, Potatoes, Apples, etc.— Nos. 143 and 145 Fourth 
Street, Between Main and the River. 



Louisville's wholesale trade in grain, produce, fruits and food supplies generally is 
immense in extent and value, for two reasons : First, she is the center and outlet of a 
rich and growing agricultural region ; and second, she is the grand depot of supplies to 
which both North and South must turn for the earliest and clioicest products, each ot the 
others' peculiarities of soil, climate and cultivation. It is therefore no unusual thing to 
find in this market, at certain seasons, vast shipments of Northern and Southern fruits, 
vegetables and grain in transit, hurrying forward, each upon its mission of comfort and 
pleasure and reciprocatory benefits to widely separated peoples. 

The old, responsible and famous house of Duckwall, Troxell & Co., Nos. 143 and 145 
Fourth street, between Main and the river, has since 1841 been a leading factor in the 



208 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVniE 



matter of these exchanges, and has steadily progressed with the times, developing new 
fields of enterprise, and under all conditions meeting in the fullest and most satisfactory 
manner every legitimate demand made upon their resources. 

As before intimated, the house was established forty-five years ago the original part- 
ners being Messrs. VV. A. and D. Duck wall and W. H. Troxell. ^Ir. W. H. Troxell 
died in 1883, since which time the enterprise has been conducted by the surviving part- 
ners. The house did a business in grain, feed and produce of $lG-5,().'() last year, and has 
fine prospects of exceeding that total in 1886, their trade being geiural in the city and 
throughout the Southern States. 

Mr. David Duck wall, a hale and well-preserved old-time merchant, remains at the 
head of the house. Mr. G. K. Troxell succeeded to the interest of W. H. Troxell at the 
time of his death. He was connected with the establishment for six years, and is a capa- 
ble, energetic, polite and carelul young business man. Mr. Casler was for sixteen years 
book-keeper of the firm previous to acquiring a partnership, and knows the whole system 
from the ground up. The Du(,-kwalls are Virginians, as is also Mr. Casler, while the 
Troxells are of Maryland stock seasoned by a generation or so of Louisiana life. 

The house is a superb one, and will achieve greater triumphs in the future than in the 



past. 



ORIENTAL STEAM LA UXOR Y. 



W. A. Haas, Superintendent— E. Jennings & Co., Proprietors- No. 1407 Fifth Street, near Oal<. 







The establishment of 
steam laundries at all 
leading centers of pop- 
ulation has proved a 
blessing to all classes — 
to men because they 
can have their linen 
done up in such style 
as no family laundress 
can possibly approach, 
and to women — house- 
keepers and servants — 
because it relieves them 
of the most trying, the 
most toilsome and the 
least appreciated of 
their labors, the prepar- 
ing in a presentable 
manner of the shirts, 
collars and cuffs of the 
fathers, husbands and brothers of the household. 

The Oriental Steam Laundry, located at No. 1407 Fifth street, with branch offices 
throughout the city, is a branch of E. Jennings & Co. "s great Chicago Oriental Steam 
Laundry, and was established in 1872. It has a very large and constantly-increasing 
patronage from the best classes of the community, and makes a specialty of the more 
dainty and particular grades of work in its line. 

Mr. W. A. Haas, the superintendent, is an energetic, thoroughgoing business man, 
who conducts this branch of the enterprise on business principles and successfully. The 
Oriental has charge of the laundry work of all sleepii;g-car lines entering Louisville. The 
establishment is 40x100 leet and two storiis high, fitted up with improved modern ma- 
chinery, and employs a large force of skilled labor, the annual aggregate of receipts foot- 
ing up an average of $25,000. Since last July the run of custom has been trebled in 
volume. 

E. Jennings & Co. carry on a very extensive business in sleeping-car furnishings at 
Chicago, in addition to their great laundry, and maintain a branch of the same business 
nt Kansas City, Mo. 

In addition to the large drying-room, they have a broad yard 60x50 feet, with wire 
racks arranged for sun bleaching, thus doing away with the u.sc of chemicals for bleaching 
purposes. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



209 




THE COURlE^l- JOURNAL JOB PRINTING COMPANY. 

iL. T. Davidson, President ; August Straus, Vice-President ; John A. Haldeman, Secretary aud Treasurer— South 
east Corner Fourth Avenue and Green Street. 

It is a difficult matter to write a satisfactory de- 
scription of the facilities of such an establishment as 
the Courier-Journal Job Priming Company control — 
not because of lack of material, but because of its 
over-abundance and the uncertainty regarding the 
proper place to begin, every department, from the 
officers' sanctum to the press-room and bindery, being ^^.,^.,^ 
complete and each a separate and thoroughly-equipped 
industry, yet combined under one management to 
form a harmonious and mutually dependent whole, 
running smoothly and without jar under a perfect 
system that insures the best results with the least fric- 
tion and loss of time, labor and money. 

The Courier-Journal job rooms were opened for 
business in 1868 by E. W. Meredith & Co., Mr. Mer- 
edith having previously been foreman of the news 
composing-room. This firm conducted the business '}] 
with varying success until April of 1883, when the 
Courier-Journal Job Printing Company took posses- ^ 
sion. Mr. L. T. Davidson, the president, and Mr. '' 
August Straus, the vice-president, are practical and 
.skillful mechanics — the former in all departments, the 
latter a printer. Mr. John A. Haldeman, secretary 
and treasurer, a son of President Haldeman, of the Courier-Journal Company, was 
literall}' bred to the newspaper and printing profession, and has inherited talent and 
acquire-d advantages of a high order. He is also the energetic business manager of the 
Evening Times. These three gentlemen form a combination that for ability, enterprise, 
skill and aggressiveness has no rival in the ranks of Southern printing houses and no su- 
perior anywhere. 

Recognizing the fact that printing is indeed the art preservative of arts, without 
whose aid the phenomenal progress of our time would have been impossible, and that the 
•Courier-Journal Job Printing Company furnishes the best illustration of development in 
that art to be found in the South, the editor of this volume recently made a tour of the 
•establishment in company with Vice-President Straus. A printer of large experience 
himself, the aforesaid editor found a pleasant surprise at every step, and herewith submits 
a detailed account of what he saw, though it is, for lack of space and other reasons, neces- 
sarily incomplete, yet gives in succinct form a general outline of the concern and an ink- 
ling of its facilities and capabilities in connection with job, book, newspaper and fancy 
printing, stereotj'ping, electrotyping, engraving, binding and publishing 

The accompanying engraving gives a general view of the Courier-Journal building, 
the finest business edifice in the city. The entire fourth floor of this superb pile, fronting 
165 feet on Fourth avenue and 86i feet on Green street, is occupied by the Courier- 
Journal Job Printing Company as composing-rooms, bindery, engraving-room, cut and 
plate store-room and private office. Two-thirds of the vast cellar is devoted to the* 
presses, the storage of heavy stock, and other purposes incident to the company's busi- 
ness. The electrotyping and stereotyping department is located in the north-east corner 
•of the fifth floor. 

To begin at the richly-furnished and Brussels-carpeted sanctum, we find here at their 
respective desks President Davidson and Vice-President Straus; the former tall, slender, 
fair and somewhat delicate in appearance, but with that indescribable something in his 
face and manner that bespeaks responsibility, authority and capacity ; the latter, below 
the medium height, a decided brunette, alert, active, healthy, urbane and unassuming. 
Mr. Haldeman confines himself to the counting-room, on Fourth avenue, usually, though 
on the occasion of our visit we found him hard at work assisting in making the stereo- 
type plates for the Times, and later in supplying the multitude of screamingly-impatient 
newsboys with bundles of that wonderfully successful and very popular journal. Adjoin- 
ing the executive sanctum is the proof-room, where half-a-dozen pretty young ladies, 
•■smart as steel-traps, were busily engaged in the work of vigilantly searching out and 



210 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 

% 
marking, with neatness and dispatch, the errors of the unfortunate compositors in the 
next room, whither we proceeded. 

The job and book composing-room is one of the most spacious, lofty, best arranged, 
best lighted, best regulated and pleasantest ever prorided to mitigate the misery of the- 
printer. The equipment of material of all kinds — types, frames, cabinets, furniture, 
imposing-stones, and all the paraphernalia of a first-class establishment of the kind — is 
complete, and embraces every style of new faces and every modern improvement that 
can add to the efficiency of the force, the attractiveness of the work done, or to the econ- 
omy of time and labor. The same remarks apply to the book-bindery, on the same floor- 
adjoining on the south. Mr. C. B. Humphrej's, a veteran typo and skillful job printer,, 
assisted by the capable Mr. T. B. Hubbell, presides over the composing-room, while Mr. 
Charles Cutter is foreman of the bindery, assisted by Mr. Charles C. Fletcher. 

Ketracing our steps through the composing-room and across the central hall, we visit 
the poster composing-room, where the large bills are gotten up that have spread the fame- 
of the company all over the West and South; then the Home and Farm and periodical 
composing-room ; then back to the North-west corner, where we find the artists and en- 
gravers, eight in number, hard at work under the supervision of Mr. W. F. Clarke, an ac- 
complished knight of the pencil and graver. 

Up one flight of stairs and in the north-east corner of the building we enter the- 
electrotyping department and are introduced to Mr. A. Coquard, the skillful and ingenious 
foreman, and Mr. AV. E. Whitehouse, the finisher. Here, as elsewhere, improvement in 
processes, superior workmanship and economy of time obtain, and the seven employes- 
tUrn out, with perfected appliances, a powerful dynamo run by steam, and the exercise of 
trained judgment, as much work daily as was formerly done by four times the number of 
workmen. 

Bidding adieu to this home of molten metal, electric baths and precipitated copper, we 
enter the elevator and in a few seconds step out into the press-room, in the basement. 
Few, indeed, of those who tread securely along the sidewalks of Fourth and Green streets 
have any adequate notion of the work that is going on almost beneath their very feet. 
Here are located the boilers and engines, the lightning web presses upon which are printed 
those great newspapers, the Courier-Journal and the Evening Times, the newspaper 
stereotyping apparatus, and the seventeen cylinder and nine small job presses of the 
Courier-Journal Job Printing Company, together with the immense vaults wherein are 
stored the tons upon tons of book, news and poster paper of all grades required to feed 
those monsters of iron and steel that toil throughout the long hours (tf the day and night for 
the pleasure and profit of the waiting world above. This department — the book and job 
press-room — is under the direction of Mr. Henry Gathof, a good-natured but energetic 
and excellent workman, and is illuminated throughout by a complete system of electric 
lights. 

Mounting to the floor above, we find ourselves in the warerooms where are kept the- 
light grades of stock, such as writing, cover and fancy paper, envelopes, cards, etc, and 
the counting room, and, alter a pleasant word with the obliging cashier, Mr. James W. 
Wigginton, step into the street, and — our tour of inspection is over. 

A brief resume of matters pertinent to the Courier-Journal Job Printing Co. will not 
be out of place here. The capital stock is $100,000, all of which is actively employed. 
The average annual value of work done is nearly, if not (juite, $250,000. The average- 
number of employes in all departments is about 170, and the weekly wages paid approxi- 
mate $1,500. The company have unsurj)assed facilities for the execution of every 
description of book, job and newspaper printing, binding, blank-book manufacturing, 
engraving, electrotj'ping, stereotyping, etc., employing the most skillful artisans in each 
branch, and turning out the finest possible work. It is the most extensive and most per- 
fectly-managed concern of the kind in the United States, outside of New York, Boston, 
Philadelphia and Chicago, and additional facilities are being constantly introduced, the 
Cottrell Printing Press Company now having in process of construction a splendid new 
front-delivery machine for the press room, and other accessories coming f<rward as re- 
quired. Colored railroad and show ])rinting, hitherto done only at the East, is made a 
specialty, and heavy orders are executed for all portions of the South and West. 

President Walter N. Huldeman, of the Courier- Journal Company, is one of the prin- 
cipal stockholders, and is extremely proud of the success already achieved by, and in store- 
for, this great and growing enteri)rise, managed b}' the " boys " entirely. 

We can not close this notice without congratulating the Courier-Journal Job Printing 
Company upon the excellent work, fine taste and clean composition of The Indu.stries- 
OF LouisviLLK AND New Alhany, printed in their establishment. We can conscien- 
tiously commend all who want good book work at reasonable prices, and on short notice,, 
to this company. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



211 



SIMON SHUr^HAFEK, 




Plumber and Sanitary Engineer— Gas Goods of Every Description— Nos. 519 and 612 Fiflh Avenue. 

Law Temple. 

Sanitary science has, of late j-ears, re- 
ceived greatly-increased attention from the- 
fact that investigation has shown the de- 
fective and often fatal results arising from 
mere mechanical drainage and ignorant 
plumbing. How mUny lives were lost and 
how much of wasting disease was caused 
before intelligent efforts were made to ar- 
rest the evil can never be known; suffice 
it to say that the snide plumber has had 
his day and wrought his share of michief, 
and brains, skill, and a humane desire 
to do good, safe work after scientific prin- 
ciples now has the floor and is developing 
a public sentiment that, in the future, will 
place the "skin" plumber in the same cate- 
gory with the cheap, ignorant and reck- 
less steam engineer. In short, it is no longer sufficient to constitute a workman that 
a man can kiss the cook and make a sort of wiped joint, but he must be a thorough 
mechanic and a student as well, capable of discovering faults of plan or construction 
that endanger the health of those whom they are likely to affect, firm enough to insist 
upon their correction, and honest enough 
to refuse compliance with the orders of 
ignorant builders and conscienceless prop- 
erty-owners when those orders threaten 
disaster to innocent victims of cupidity or 

f«"y- ... 

Louisville is fortunate in the possession of 
at least one skillful plumber who can hon- 
estly claim the title of sanitary engineer — 
Mr. Simon Shulhafer, whose fine plumbing 
and gas-fitting establishment, Nos. 510 and 
512 Fifth avenue. Law Temple building, is 
headquarters for everything useful and 
ornamental in his art. A member of the 
American Public Health Association of the 
U. S.. an earnest, cautious, upright man and 
thoroughly competent workman, employ- 
ing none but first-class artisans, and holdeV 
of the only medal awarded at the Southern 
Exposition for plumbing and gas fixtures, 
he occupies an enviable position before the 
public whom he serves so well. Mr. Shulhafer embarked in the above business here in 
1872, and has made for himself a singularly fine reputation besides building up a large and 
flourishing trade. His establishment occupies two floors of the Law Temple, each 40x100- 
feet, and employs some twenty men, to whom he pays good wages, and whom he can depend 
upon to exercise their best .skill whenever and wherever called upon. He does a business 
of some $60,000 a year in the city and the South, to which trade he gives special attention, 
his establishment being headquarters for chandeliers and gas goods for Kentucky, Tennes- 
see, Alabama, Georgia and other Southern States. He handles immense quantities of gas- 
fitters' and plumbers' goods of all kinds, gives personal attention to all orders for work or- 
goods, is a practical plumber and gas-fitter himself, keeps posted in all improvements, and 
renders unvarying satisfaction to customers. 




212 



THE INDUSTRIES O^ LOUISVnj.E 



THOMAS MEIKLE & CO., 



Manufacturers of Plows, Cultivators, etc.- Works, Tenth and Monroe Streets ; Office and Warehouse. Mon- 
roe, between Eleventh and Twelfth Streets. 




Louisville was already the 
" Plow City," manufacturing 
more plows than any other place 
in the country, and sending 
them all over the world, to Rus- 
sia, to Australia, to South Amer- 
ica and New Zealand, when the 
firm of Thomas Meikle & Co. 
entered the lists. This was but 
a brief decade ago, and in that 
period the cost of production 
has been cheapened, and sharp 
competition has depressed prices 
until manufacturers to-day are 
glad to take for a cast plow or 
double shovel less than the net 
profit on it formerly was. 
Among these great factories 
that of Thomas Meikle «& Co. 
has risen as rapidly as any to 
the front. Mr. Thomas Meikle, 
who is general superintendent, 
meikle's " bluegrass " SULKY PLOW. began, in a small way. in ]8()9, 

-with a bolt factory and jobbing shop. In 1870 he began the manufacture of double- 
shovel plows and patent wrought-iron clevises of his invention, and, shortly after that, of 
steam engines and of steam and hydraulic elevators. This was a success, but the plow- 
manufacturing branch of the business, from the construction of a limited number ol turn- 
ing plows in 1876, grew so rapidly as finally to crowd other industries out of the works, 
and the manufacture of bolts, engines, elevators and other machinery not immediately 
related to agriculture was finally abandoned in the year 1882. 

Assisted by the capital of the well-known hardware house of Messrs. W. B. Belknap 
& Co., who earlj^ recognized the genius and energy of Mr. Meikle and became associated 
with him in the business, the corporation of Thomas Meikle »& Co. has grown to large 
proportions, employing from 250 to SOU hands according to the season, with a paj' roll of 
$1,500 to $2,500 per week. It is financially among the most solid of Louisville's numer- 
ous manufacturing establishments. The offices and warehouse, 100 by 204 feet in extent, 
are located on Monroe street, between Eleventh and Twelfth. The shops occupy the 
square above between Tenth and Eleventh streets, covering an area of three acres, the 
entrance to the works being at Tentti and Monroe streets. A railroad switch, connecting 
the yards with the main track, insures the convenient handling of supplies of material 
and shipment of goods in car loads. The expansion of the business is largely due to a res- 
olute keeping up with the times on the part of Mr. Meikle and his associates. A rapid 
evolution has been going on for a few years past in what are called "improved imple- 
ments," such as sulky plows .«nd walking and riding cultivators. While improving his 
hand plows, and putting on the market several new series of unexcelled beauty and finish, 
such as the " Bluegrass" series for sandy land, and the "Black Prince" series for black 
land, Mr. Meikle has given his special attention for two years past to the improvement of 
riding plows and cultivators. He claims now to have in the "Bluegrass" sulky (of 
which a cut is given with this notice) the lightest, simplest and best riding plow in the 
Avorld. while his new walking cultivator, the " Thistle," and riding cultivator, the " Mag- 
nolia," have received, this season, some finishing touches, suggested by close personal 
■experiment in the field. 

The operations of Thomas Meikle & Co. have, thus far, been confined principally to 
the Southern States, although their superb exhibition at the World's Fair in New Orleans 
led to orders from abroad, and to a large shipment in particular, amounting to several 
«ar loads, to Santiago, Chili. Their greatest sales, especially of high-grade plows and of 
sulky plows and cultivators, are in Texas, precisely the section of the entire South where 
the very best implements and labor-saving improvements are most in demand. To win 
the "blue ribbon" in the progressive State ot Texas is equivalent to victory anywhere. 



I N D EX 



LOUISVILLE REPRESENTATIVE HOUSES. 



Agricultural Implements — Mmiufaf Hirers. 

Brennaii & Co 

Agricultural luiplpnioii ts Dealers 

Southern Office and Warehouse 

Agricultural Implements — Wholesale. 

CoUings. H. & i!o 

Hewitt, Field & Co 

Ale and Porter — Bottlers. 

Kreiger, H. F 

Rueff, F. & Co 

Amusements. 

Harris' Mammoth Museum 

Macauley's Theater 

Architect. 

Maury, Mason 

Awnings, Tents and Covers — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Tent and Awning Company . . . . 
Bagging, Twine, Etc. — Dealers. 

Trabue & Co 

Banks — National. 

German National Bank 

Kentucky National Bank ... 

Louisville City National Bank 

Merchants' National Bank 

Banks — Savings. 

Masonic Savings Bank (The) 

Banks — State. 

Bank of Commerce (The) 

Bank of Kentucky 

Bank of Louisville (The) 

fiemian Bank (The) 

German Insurance Bank 

German Security Bank 

Louisville Banking ('omiiany 

People's Bank of Kentucky 

Weslern Bank (The) . . ' 

Barb Fence Wire— Dealers. 

Farmers' Supply Company 

Barley, Malt ami Hope — Dealers. 

Falifi City JIalt House 

Base Hall Suiiplies — Dealers. 

Reccius, J. W. & Bro 

Beer— Bottler. 

Kreiger, H. F 

Bicycles. 

Huber & Allison 

Binders and Blnnk Book Manufacturers. 

Morton, John 1'. & Co 

Watts, W. Ormsby 

Blast Furnace Machinery — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Foundry ancl Machine Shop .... 
Boilers and Tanks — Manufucturer. 

Mitchell, Thomas 

Mitchell, Johu 

Books and Stationery. 

Bearing, Charles T 

Morton, John P. & Co 

Bookbinding. 

Courier-Journal Job Printing Company . 209- 

Dearing, Charles T 

Watts, W. Ormsby 



•200 
167 



170 
130 



174 
166 

190 
203 

123 

130 

178 

118 
79 
182 

75 

170 

168 
104 
201 
105 
199 
78 
111 
129 
160 

144 

142 
119 
174 

86 

81 
171 

163 

137 
145 

120 

81 

-210 
120 
171 



Boots and Shoes — .Auctioneers. 

Caye, Wm. C. & Co 102' 

Boots and Shoes — Commissioj . 

Caye, Wm. C. & Co 102: 

Boots and Shoes — Manufacturers. 

Cimiotti, Theo & Co 98 

Boots and Shoes — Wliolc^sab'. 

Schulten, .John J. & Co 19.3. 

Waller & Payne 176 

Wood, Rickman & Roy 100' 

Box Factory. 

Sauernian. Ernest F 206 

Branding Colore. 

Frankel, Henry U 122 

Brass, Cojiper and White Metal Castings. 

Jones. Arthur 142 

B rass — Fou ml ry . 

Jones, .\rthur 142 

Brewer — Cream Beer. 

Loeser, Adam 93 

Brewers' Supplies — Dealer. 

Lut-/., Ferdinand F 196. 

Brewers' and Distillers' Supplies — Dealers. 

Falls City IMalt House 142- 

Brooms and Brushes — Manufacturers. 

Martin, W L. & Co 173. 

Buggies — Manufacturers. 

Emrich & Andriot 166. 

Builders' Hard ware— Dealers. 

Kline, G. & Son 127 

Cabinet Hardware. 

Otis-Hidden Company (The) 147 

Canvas Work — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Tent and Awning Company ... 130 
Carriage IManufacturers. 

Braiiley Carriage Company 134 

Car Wheel and Axle — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Foundiy and Machine Shop .... 163 
Cedar Posts — Dealers. 

Mehler & Ecksteukemper 151 

Cement — Hydraulic. 

Western Cement Association, Agents .... 72 
Chairs — Manufacturers. 

Buchter Chair Manufacturing Company . . . 154 

Long & Bro. Manufacturing Company .... 184 
Cider and Vinegar — Manufacturers. 

Kentucky Cider and Vinegar Works 192 

Cider (sweet) — Bottlers. 

Rueff, F. & Co 166 

Cider — IManufacturers. 

Vandiver & Hite 154 

Cigar Box Labels and Trimmings. 

Dautrich, Jacol 88 

Cigar Box — Manufacturer. 

Dautrich, Jacob 88 

Cigars— Mnnufacturere. 

Ewell, B. N. & Co 124 

Gregory, U. P 160 

Clothing — Manufacturers and Dealers. 

Wanamaker & Brown 89 



(213) 



214 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



Coffins and Caskets — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Coffin Company 156 

Commission Merchants. 

Cowleg & Glazebrook 148 

Duckwall, Troxell & Co 207 

Kdinger.W. H.A Brv ISA 

.lefl'ersou A Co 185 

Otter & Co 85 

Rauterberg, Charles 113 

Trabue & Co 178 

Wicks, George W. & Co. . . 146 

Wood, Kicknian & Uoy 100 

•Cooperage — Manufacturer. 

Stafford, Hugh 197 

Copper Brands — Manufacturer. 

Jones, Arthur 14'2 

Cordage, Twines and Oakum — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Tent and Awning Company . . . . laO 
Corn Millers. 
Eisenman Bros. & Co 187 

■Cotton — Factors. 

Trabue & Co • • . . 178 

Wall, Smith & Co 136 

Wicks. Geo. W. & Co 146 

Cotton Duck. 

Hite, W. W. & Co 196 

Louisville Tent and Awning Company .... 130 

Cotton Presses — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Foundry and Machine Shop .... 163 

Designer and Carver. 
Kopp, Wm 152 

Distillers' Supplies — Dealer. 

Lutz, Ferdinand V , 196 

Doors, Sash and Blinds — Dealers. 

Hughes, W.J. a Son 189 

Kline, G. & Son 127 

Doors, Sash and Blinds — Manufacturers. 

Falls City Planing Mill 159 

Hughes, W.J. & Son 1S9 

Kline, G. & Son 127 

A'an Seggern, H. G 138 

Drugs — Ketail. 

Colgan & McAfee 143 

Xewhonse & Co 204 

Drugs — Wholesale. 

Newhouse & Co .... • 204 

Koliinson, K. A. & Co 82 

Drugs — Wholesale and Importers. 

Peter, Arthur & Co 108 

I)rv Goods — Importers. 
Robinson, J. M. * Co 179 

Drv Goods — Ketail. 
Knott, R. & Sons 174 

Dry Goods — Wholesale. 

Uambi-rger, Bloom A Co 71 

Davis, Mallorv & '"o 106 

Robinson, J. M. & Co 179 

Engraving — Wood. 

('ourier-.lournal Job Printing Company . 209-210 

Reillv, Chas. F 123 

Roe, C. i;. & Co 200 

Electrotyjiing. 

Courier-Journal Job I'riuting Company . 209-210 

Fancy (ioods — Wholesale. 

Boiirquin & Co 181 

Fancy Groceries — Wholesale. 

Botsford, J. L. & Co 107 

Fancy Poultry — Dealers. 

Farmers' Supply Company 144 

Farm Blachinery — Manufacturers. 
Brennan & Co 200 

Farming Implements — Dealers. 

Farmers' Supply Company 144 

Fertilizers — Dealers. 
Farmers' Supply Company 144 

Fertilizers — Wholesale. 

Anderson, H. C. & Co 177 

Field and Garden Soeds^Dealcrs. 

Farmers' Supply Company 144 

Files and Tools — Manufacturers. 

Disston, Henry & Sons 117 

Fish and Game — Wholesale and Retail. 
Booth, A. & Sons 107 

Flags, Tents and Awnings — Manufacturers. 
Louisville Tent and Awning Company .... 130 



Florists. 

Nauz & Xeuner 173 

Flour — Dealers. 

Central Elevator and Warehouse 141 

Jefferson & Co 185 

Flour — Manufacturers. 

Gathright, R. 0. & Co .165 

Flour — Wholesale. 

Edinger, W.Ii. & Bro 134 

Fruit Butters — Manufacturers. 

Excelsior Preserving Company 184 

Furnishing Goods — Importers. 

Cornwali, William 186 

Furnishing Goods — Wholesale. 

Cornwall, AVilliam 186 

Furnishing Goods — Retail. 

Hinzen & Spelger 205 

Wanamaker & Brown 89 

Furniture — Dealers. 

Bensiiiger, W. & Sons 146 

Etheridge & Co 187 

Furniture — Manufacturers. 

Barth, G. F. & Son 161 

Bensinger, Nathan 159 

Bensinger, W.&Sons 146 

Davis Furniture Manufacturing Com])anv, 

(The J. W.) ".188 

Dickinson Furniture Manufacturing Co. . . . 165 
Kentucky Furniture Manufacturing Co. ('i^he) 131 
Louisville Manufacturing Company 135 

Furniture — Retail. 

Keisker, Fred. W 136 

Furniture — Wholesale. 
Keisker, Fred. W 136 

Gent's Furnishing Goods— Dealer. 

Uiuzon & Spelger 205 

Grain — Commission. 
Verhoeff, H. & Co 157 

Grain — Dealers. 

Eisenman Bros. & Co 187 

Farmers' Supply Company 144 

Strater Bros 175 

Verhoeff, H. & Co 157 

Grain — Elevator. 

Kentucky Public Elevator Company (The) . 178 
Louisville Elevator 157 

Groceries — Fancy. 

Gellius, Geo 102 

Grocers — AVholesale. 

Cowles & Glazebrook 148' 

Engelhard, A 108 

Haxthausen, Joseph . . . ■ ■ • 142 

Moore, Bremaker & Co 73 

Otter & Co 85 

Robbort, Wm 152 

Sawyer, J. W 84 

Stege & Reiling 112 

Stein & Kurkamp 120 

TorbitttSiCastlenian 146 

Hurdwari'— Wholesale. 

Belknap, W. B. & Co 95 

Hardware (Builders') — Dealer. 

Falls City Planing Mill 159 

Harvesting Machinery — Manufacturers. 
McCorniick Harvesting Machine Company, 
Robert Newton, Agent 101 

Hats and Caps — ^\■holesalc. 

Henle .^ Wolf 163 

Hay, Grain and Mill Feed — Dealers. 

Central Elevator and Warehouse ; 141 

Health Resort, 
(fab Orchard Springs 127 

Hogs, Yorkshire — Dealers. 
Farmers' Supiily ('ipiii])any 144 

Hollow ware — Rlanufacturers. 

.\dams Brothers & Co 144 

Hollow ware — Wholesale. 
Adams Brotlu'rs & Co 144 

Horses and Mules — Wholesale. 

Scoggan Brothers 122 

Hosiery — Wholesale. 
Cornwall, William 186 

Hotels. 

Alexander's Hotel 207 

Arlington Hotel 144 

Gait House 77 



.A.ND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



215 



Hotels. 

Louisville Hotel (The) 191 

Kufer's Hotel 113 

Ice — Manufacturers. 

Pictet Artificial Ice Company (The) (Liinitedi 118 

Ice— Retail. 
Talinage Lake Ice Company 135 

Ice — Wholesale. 
Talmage Lake Ice Company 135 

Ice Machines — Manufacturers. 

Pictet Artificial Ice Company (.The) (Limited) 118 

Insurance (Fire) Companies. 

German Insurance Company 199 

German Security Insurance Company .... 77 
Kentucky and Louisville Mutual Insurance 

Company 202 

Louisville Iniurance Company 155 

Insurance (Life) Agencies. 
Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company of 
Newark, N. J., K. W. Smith & Co., Agents . 90 

Insurance (fjife). 

North-western Life Insurance Company (The) 
of Milwaukee, Wis., J. W. Kohinson, Agent, 96 

Iron, Bar, Baud and Hoop — Manufacturers. 
Birmingham Rolling Mill Company (Tlie) . . 185 

Iron, Plate, Tank and Sheet — Manufacturers. 

Birmingham Rolling Mill Company (The) . . 185 

Iron and Steel — Wholesale. 

Belknap, W. B. & Co 95 

Jellies — Manufacturers. 

Excelsior Preserving Company 181 

Jewelers — Wholesale. 

Bouniuin & Co 181 

Kid Gloves — Dealer. 

Cross, George 116 

Jjagir Beer — Bottlers. 
Rueff, F. & Co 166 

Lathe, Pickets, etc. — Manufacturers. 

Hall. Joseph 168 

Laths and Shingles — Dealers. 
Mehler & Eckstenkemper 151 

Laundries. 

New York Steam Laundry 193 

Oriental Steam Laundry 208 

Le d and Oil — Manufacturers. 

Kentucky Le»d and Oil Company 105 

Lead Pipe and Bar and Sheet Lead — Manufact- 
urers. 
Kentucky Lead and Oil Company 105 

Leaf Tohacco — Dealers. 

Mathews, W. S. Oi Sons 128 

Licorice Paste and Powder. 

Frankel, Henry U 122 

Lime — Manufacturers. 
Salem Stone and Lime Company 203 

Linings and Skins — Manutacturers. 

Hopkins, William 108 

Lii|Uor.s — Importers. 

Hermann Brothers 189 

Hollenbach & Vetter 125 

3jii|Uors — Wholesale. 

Engelhard, A ... 108 

Grabfelder, S. & Co ? . . 150 

Haxthausen, Joseph 142 

McKenua, H 194 

Stege & ReiUng 112 

Stein & Kurkamp 120 

Taylor & Williams 150 

Lounges — Manufacturers. 

Etheridge & Co 187 

Lumber — Dealers. 

Cotter, R.B 99 

Falls City Planing Mill 159 

Gr»ham, S. P 186 

Hall, Joseph 168 

Hughes, W. J. & Son 189 

Itline, 6. & Son 127 

McClure & Ryan 161 

Mehler & Eckstenkemper 151 

Rogers, George M 1.52 

Vandiver & Hite 154 

Van Seggern, H. G 188 

Ij umber — Retail. 

Cooling, Henry S 183 

Gernert Bros. & Koehler 140 



Lumber — Wholesale. 

Cooling, Henry S " 183 

Gernert Bros. & Koehler 140 

L u mber — M an u fac t urers . 

Hall, Joseph 168 

McClure & Ryan KJl 

Cotter, R.B 99 

Machinery — Brokers. 

Campbell, J. 0. & Sou .153 

Machinists. 

Campbell, J. 0. & Son 153 

Pyne, W.T 149 

Malt— Manufacturers. 

Kentucky MaltiKg Company 182 

Lutz, Ferdinand F 196 

Mantels and Grates — Manufacturers. 

Adams Bros. & Co I44 

Baxter, John G 139 

Mantels and Grates — Wholesale. 

Adams Bros. & Co 144 

Manufacturers' and Millers' Supplies. 

Pyne, W.T .149 

Mattresses — Manufacturers. 

Barth, G. F. & Son 161 

ISensinger, Nathan 159 

Etheridge A Co 187 

Marble and Granite — Dealers. 

Clark, J. S. & Co 121 

Mercantile Agency. 

Mercantile Agency (The), R. G, Dun & Co. . . 94 
Metallic ('askets — Manufacturers. 

Hackett & Smith 139 

Mill Furnisher. 

Pyne, W.T 149 

Mill Machinery — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Foundry and Machine Shop . . . . 163 
Millwright. 

Pyne. W. T 149 

Mincemeat — Manufacturer. 

Excelsior Preserving Company 184 

Mineral Waters — Bottlers. 

Rueff, F. tk Co 166 

Monuments. 

Clark, J. S. S: Co 121 

Kovelties in Sheet Metal — Maniilucturer. 

Heinig, L 192 

Nurserymt-n. 

Nanz & Neuner 173 

Oak Leather — Manufacturers. 

Kentucky Oak Tanning Company (Thej . . . 109 
Oak Sole Leathers — Tanners. 

Fr»ntz, D. & Sons 103 

Oils and Axle Grease — Wholesale. 

Anderson, H. C. & Co 177 

Oysters — Wholesale and Retail. 

Booth, A. & Sons 107 

Paints and Oils — Dealers. 

Kline, G. & Son 127 

Paints, Oils and Brushes — Dealers. 

Marcus, Herman ]67 

Paints, Oils and Colors — Manufacturers. 

Progress Paint and Color Works 206 

Paper — Dealers. 

Bremaker Moore Paper Company (The) . . . 197 

DuPont & Co 110 

Paper — Manufacturers. 

Bremaker-Moore Paper Company (The) . . 197 

DuPont & Co 110 

Parasols and Umbrellas — Manufacturer. 

Cross, Geo ng 

Parlor Suits— Manufacturers. 

Etheridge & Co 187 

Patent Solicitors. 

Roe, C. C. & Co 200 

Pianos and Organs — Retail. 

Baldwin, D. H. & Co 112 

Pianos and Organs — Wholesale. 

Baldwin, D. H. & Co 112 

Pickles and Catsups. 

Clark, J. M. & Co 124 

Pickles, Sauces, etc. 

Vandiver & Hite 154 

Pig Iron — Commission. 

Moore, George S 119 

Planing Mills. 

Falls City Planing Mill 159 



216 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



Planing Mill. 

Sauermjin, Ernest F 2J6 

Plows and (hiltivators— Manut'actur,.-r8. 

Meikle, Thomas & Co 212 

PI nm tier — i^anitarv. 

Slmlhafer. S 211 

Pork Packers. 

BIcKerran. iSliallcrciss & Co 88 

Pork and Beef— Packt-rs. 

Vissman, H. F. & Co 106 

Poultry — Wholesale and Ketail. 

Booth, A. & Sons 107 

Printers. 

Brewer & Emniit Printing House 189 

Courier-Journal Job Printing Company . 209 — 210 

Bearing, Charles T 120 

Morton, John P. & Co 81 

Produce — Wholesale. 

Bahb, William 159 

Botsford,J. L.&Co 107 

Provisions — Wholesale. 

Stege & Reiling 112 

Public Warehouses. 

Louisville Public W'areliouse Company ... 91 
Publishers and Booksellers. 

Morton, Jolin P. & Co 81 

Railroad Supplies — Dealers. 

Hite, W. W. & Co 190 

Rails, Tram and T — Manufacturers. 

Birmingham Kolling Mill Company (The) . . 185 
Real Estate— Agents. 

Priest, W. C. & Co 76 

Restaurant. 

Bufer's Hotel and Restaurant 113 

Saddlery — Manufacturers. 

Bretney, Beeler & Co 133 

Saddlery— Wholesale. 

Bretner, Beeler & Co 133 

Safety Vault. 

Fidelity Trust and Safety Vault Company . . 180 
Salt— Dealers. 

Jefferson & Cn 185 

Sash, Doors and Blinds — Dealer. 

Graham, S. P 186 

Sash, Doors and Blinds — Manufacturers. 

McClure and Ryan 161 

Sauces — Manufacturers. 

Kentucky Cider and Vinegar Works 192 

Sausage — Manufacturers. 

Vissman, H. F.&Co 106 

Saw Dust and Kindling Wood— Dealer. 

Hull, Joseph 168 

Saws — Manufacturers. 

Disston, Henry & Sons 117 

Seeds — Wliolesale. 

Collings, H.& Co 170 

Hewett, Field & Co 130 

Nanz & Neuner 173 

Sherman & Co 137 

Seeds and Implements — Wholesale. 

Chambers, Samuel R 80 

Seeds and Im|)lements— Wholesale and Retail. 

Lewis & Hanford 110 

Sewer Pipe— Manufacturer" 

Falls City Sewer Pipe and '>•• -" Cotta Works 177 
Sheet Iron Worker. 

Mitchell, Thomas 137 

Shingles— Dealer. 

Rogers, George M 152 

Shirt Manufacturers. 

Hinzen & Spelger 205 

Shoes — Manufacturers. 

Cimiotti, Tlieo & Co 98 

Darlingliaus, H. & Co 158 

Zahner & Berle 182 

Specialties in Sheet Metal— Manufacturer. 

Heinig, L 192 

Sporting Goods— Dealer. 

Reccius, J. W.& Bro 119 

Spring Wagons. 

Enirich & Andriot 166 

Staves and Heading — Dealer. 

Stafforil, Hugh 197 

Staves and Hoop Poles — Dealers. 

Vandivor& Hite 151 

Steamboats. 

Louisville & Evansville Mail Company . . . 195 



Steanib»)at Supidie.s — Dealers. 

Hite, W W. & Co 196. 

Steam Boilers — Manufacturer. 

Mitchell, John 14.> 

Steam Engines — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Foundry and Machine Shop . . . 163- 
Stocks and Bonds— iSroker. 

Almstedt, William E 117 

Stone Building. 

Salem .Stone and Lime Company 203- 

Storage and Commission. 

Central Elevator and Warehouse 141 

Stoves — Manufacturers. 

Adams Brothers & Co H-} 

Stoves — Wholesale. 

Adams Brothers &( o 1-1-1 

Burnham, A. B. & Co ll.> 

Stoves and Hollowware — Manufacturers. 

Ba.\ter, John G 13» 

Stoves and Ranges — Manufacturers. 

Brid^eford & Co 97 

Superintendents — Building. 

Slaury, Mason • 123 

Taffy Tolu- -Manufacturers. 

Colgan & McAfee 143 

Tan Bark— Dealers. 

Vandiver& Hite 154 

Tarpaulins- -Mrtnufacturers. 

Hite, W. W. & Co 196. 

Lo\iisville Tent and .\wning Co 130 

Teas— Wholesale. 

Gregory, R.P 160 

Tinner's Stock — Wholesale. 

Burnham, A. B.& Co 115 

Tin Plate— Wholesale. 

Burnham, A. B. & Co 115 

Tin and Sheet Iron Works — Slanufacturers. 

Bridgeford & Co 97 

Tinware — Wholesale. 

Burnham, A B. & Co 115 

Tinware and Tinner's Stock— Manufacturers. 

Adams Brothers & Co 144 

Tinware and Tinner's Stock — Wholesale. 

Adams Brothers & Co 141 

Tobacco — Broker 

SclianzenblJ-her, P 158. 

Tobacco — Buyer. 

Harris, Abner 158 

Tobacco — Commission. 

Carrington, John W. & Co 156 

Tobacco — Dealer. 

Schanzenbacher, P 158 

Tobacco — Factors. 

Wall, Smith & Co 136 

Wicks, George W. & Co 146 

Tobacco — Manufacturers. 

Franklin Tobacco Co (The) 86 

Giant Tobacco Co. (The) 198 

Tobacco — W a reh ou ses . 

Gilbert Tobacco W'arehouse 136 

Green River Tobacco Wareliouse 148 

Kentucl^' Tobacco Warehouse (The) 132 

Ninth Street Tobacco Warehouse 140 

Pickett Tobacco Warehouse 153 

Planter's Tobacco Warehouse 138 

Todd Tobacco Warehouse 143 

Kobbert, Wni 152 

Tobacco — Machiner\ . 

Frankel, Henry V 122 

Tobacco Jlanufactnrer's Supplies 

Frankel, Henry V 122 

Tobacco Presses — Manufacturer. 

Louisville Foundry and Machine Shop . . . . 163 
Tobacco Sugar and Flavorings. 

Frankel, Henry U 122 

Toys and Children's Novelties. 

Sues, Julius 87 

Trunks, etc. — Manufacturers. 

Botto, P. J.&Co 100 

Trunks — INIanufacturers. 

Chilton, Guthrie & Co 110 

Type Writers. 
"Remington Type Writers (The) 86 

Huber & .\lli8on. Agents 8) 

Undertakers' Suiiplies — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Coffin Co 156 



AND OF XEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



217 



Upholstery Goods. 

Otis-Hidilon Company (Tliel 147 

Vpbolsterv — Jlanufactiiiei>. 

Bartb, 0. V. & Son lUl 

Beiisiuger, Natlian 1.">U 

Valises and Baf;f< — Slanul'actmer. 

Chilton, (J iithrie& to lit) 

V i nega r — 51 a n ufac t u re re . 

Vandiver& Hite l.Vl 

Wagon and Carriage Works — WiioU'sale. 

Belknap, W. B. iS: <o 9.") 

Wluat ami Corn SlillB — Jraimlaetnier. 

Pyiie, W. T Hi) 

Whiskies — Dealers. 

Applegate & Sons 171 

Hermann Brothers . IM* 

Hollenbaeh & Vetter lij 

Whiskies— Pistillers. 

-Vnderson & Nelson DistilUries Company (Tliei KiO 

Applegate & Sons 171 

Ashton Distillery Company (Tliei . . . . \o7 

Atherton, The . I. M. Company il:! 

Block, Franck & Co S4 

Chase, E. H. & Co 155 

Hermann Brothers 189 

Hollenbaeh & Vetter 12o 

Marion County Distilling Company (The) . . SS 

Mattingly, J. ti. & Sons " 74 

MeKenua, H 194 



Whiskies— Distillers. 

Nelson County Distillery Company (The) . . 151 

Parkland Distillery Comjianv ^Tlll■) 17(j 

Koacb, John G. ." " 114 

Kosenbanni Brothers 131 

Schwartz, M.&Bro 175 

Taylor & Williams 150 

Wathen, .1. B. & Bro. Comianv IW 

Whiskies— Wholesale. 

Chase, E. 11. & Co 155 

George, E. C 109 

BIcIlvain, J. B. & Son 145 

Jloormhn, C. P. it Co 115 

Bdbbert, Wm 152 

Sebwabacher & Co 147 

Sell wart/., M. & liro 175 

Window Glass — Dealers. 

Marcus, Herman 1()7 

Progress Paint and Color Works 20G 

Wines — Dealer. 

McKenna, II 194 

Wines — Importers. 

Hermann Brothers 189 

Wire Works — Manufacturer. 

Facbman.Fred J 183 

Wooden Ware — Dealers. 

Martin, W. L. & Co 173 

Wool — Dealer. 

Hopkins, Wm 108 



ADVERTISERS' INDEX. 



ISox Factory. 

Bell & Coggeshall Company The 2r)4 

Brass Foundry. 

Fowler & Co 259 

.lones, Arthur 255 

Carriages — Manufacturers. 

Euders, .1. & Co 256 

Ciaars and Tobacco — Dealer. 

Starr, I. E 254 

Cigars and Tobacco — Wholesale 

Starr, I. E 254 

Coffins — Blanufactnrers. 

Louisyille Cottin Company 257 

Commission. 

Tamplet & Wa^hbu^ne 

Distillers' Agents. 

Tamplet & Washburue 

Doors, Sash and Blinds^Dealers. 

Hughes. W. J. ^S: Son 

Doors, Sash ami Blinds — Manufacturers. 

Hughes, W. J. & Son 

Elevators — Manufacturers. 

Hair, J. J 

Fertilizers — Manufacturer^. 

Duck\yall, David 

Firearms — Dealers. 

Griffith, Joseph & Sons 

Flour — Manufacturers. 

Gripp, E. & Son 

Furniture — Manufactureis. 

Wrampelmeier Furniture Manufacturing 

Company 2-5() 

Insurance (Fire). 

Hunter, Howard \V 256 

Liquors — Importers. 

Schimpeler, F. X. & Son 258 

Lithographers. 

Cast, Aug. & Co Back rover, inside 

Lumber — Dealers. 

Bell & Coggeshall Comi)any (The) 254 

Hughes, W. J. & Son 2.53 

Machinery — Dealers. 

Barbaroux & Co 255 



25(> 
256 
253 
253 
256 
253 
256 
2.56 



Marble Works. 

Blat/.&Krebs 259 

Metallic Caskets — Manufacturers. 

Louisville Coffin <'ompany 257 

Mill Furnisher. 

Kirker, Jabez G 2.55 

Millwright. 

Kirker, Jabez G 255 

Mustard — Manufacturers. 

Thornton, K. J. & Co 258 

Paper- Wholesale. 

Mver, Bridges & Co 255 

Planing Mill. 

Bell & Coggeshall Company (The) 254 

Produce — Wholesale. 

Frederick, W. P 256 

Publishers. 

Elstner Publishing Company (The) 260 

Ref ri gera tors — 51 a n ufac t urers. 

Cosgrove, H. T 259 

Spire — Slanufact urers. 

Thornton, E. J. & Co 258 

Sp rting Goods — Dealers. 

Griffith, Joseph & Sons 256 

Stone Works. 

Blatz&Krebs .259 

Whiskies — Commission. 

Sherley, T. H. & Co 257 

Whiskies — Dealer. 

Dnnekake, H 256 

Whiskies — Distillers. 

Marion County Distillery Co. . Front cover, inside 

Mattingly, J. G. & Sons . . . Back cover, outside 
Wliiskies — Wholesale. 

Schimpeler, F. X. & Son 258 

Willow ware — Wholesale. 

Myer, Bridges & Co 255 

Wood Engraver. 

ISeilly, Charles F 254 

Roe, C. C. & Co 260 

AVoodenwan^ — Wholesale. 

Myer. Bridges iS; Co 255 



15 










WlWm :4lB4NY, InT)I4N4^ 




Dsw /^LiR^nv, InniRDH 



NEW Albany is the county seat of Floyd county, Indiana. It is located in 
the center of the Ohio Valley, two miles below the falls of the Ohio river, 
opposite the city of Louisville, Kentucky, in latitude 38° 18' north, and longi- 
tude 8° 49' west. It is laid out upon an elevated plateau upon two benches or 
plains, one twenty feet higher than the other, and sweeping northward and west- 
ward to a range of hills that bear from the Indians the poetic name of the 
" Silver Hills," and which are from three hundred to five hundred feet in height. 
These hills, in the vicinity of the city, are covered with charming suburban res- 
idences, many of them of beautiful architecture in design and adornment. The 
city was Uiid out in 1818 by Joel, Abner and Nathaniel Scribner, the original 
plat embracing but 826 acres, the land being entered at the Government land 
office at Viucennes, when that town was the capital of the territory of Indiana, 
and purchased by the Scribners. The lots were dis])Osed of by public auction 
on the first Tuesday and Wednesday of November, 1813, and the proprietors of 
the town stipulated that " one-fourth part of each payment upon lots sold shall 
be paid into the hands of trustees, to be chosen by the purchasers, until such 
payments shall amount to five thousand dollars, the interest of which to be ap- 
plied to the support of schools in the town for the use of its inhabitants forever." 
This was the foundation of the free school system of New Albany, and from the 
funds thus derived the Scribner High School, at the corner of West First and 
Spring streets, now the High School of the colored people, was built, and has 
ever since been in part supported, a period of sixty-nine years. 

In 1814 a large number of families from New York and New Jersey removed 
to New Albany, making, virtually, the first permanent settlement here. The 
new town enjoyed a prosperous growth, and, being distinguished for its healthy 
location, attracted more people than the surrounding towns ; for several year^ 
even rivaling Louisville on account of the unhealthy condition of that town. 

July 14, 1839, New Albany was incorporated as a city, having a jiopulation 
of 4,200, with a valuation for taxation of $1,760,735, the rate of taxation being 
65 cents on the SI 00 of valuation. The first city officers were P. M. Dorsey, 
mayor ; Henry Collins, recorder ; John S. Davis, city clerk ; Edward Brown, 
sr., treasurer ; David Wilkinson, collector of taxes and city marshal. Not one 
of these survive, and of the wives of all of them but one — Mrs. Wilkinson — 
is now alive. The first councilmeu were Patrick Crowley, James Crowley, Israel 
C. Crane, Edward Brown, sr., Hezekiah Beeler, Samuel Bolin, Henry W. 
Smith, Randall Crawford, Absalom Cox, William Underbill, Preston F. Tuley, 
E. W. Benton. All these long ago passed awav. The poi>ulation of the city 
in 1850 was 8,181 ; in 1860 it was 12,000 ; in 1870 it was 15,000; and at pres- 
ent it is estimated at 25,000, and will not fall under that estimate. 

(221) 



222 



THE IXDUSTRIKS OF I.OUfSVILLE 




FLOYD COUNTY COURT-HOUSK. 



There were no stirring incidents of importance in the early history of New 
Albany. The city has had a quiet growth, and has ever been more celebrated 
for its moral, religious and educational advantages, fine climate and good health 
than as a "fast town," where vice predominates and the temptations to youth 
are numerous and alluring. In its religious, benevolent and educational enter- 
prises it has long held rank as the first city and the most desirable as a place of 
residence in Indiana. It is also the leading city of the State in the extent and 
variety of its manufactories. 

The scenery, from the views afforded from the range of hills west and north- 
west of the city, is grand and beautiful beyond description — a panorama that 
the most skilled artist's brush can not copy, and can not fail to enrapture the 
stranger, as it does all who look upon it. The wide expanse of country dotted 
over with white farm-houses, grazing herds, shady groves and green fields ; the 
bright Ohio, viewed in its sparkling course for ten miles up the stream and an 
equal distance down its tortuous windings ; the falls, with their never-ceasing 
yet musical roar, Jeffersonville and Louisville at their head; broad fields 
crowned with the growing grain and forests with their emerald foliage; the 
" Silver Hills," stretching away to the north-east, and intervening slopes and 
densely-wooded glens, with the river hills towering from four to six hundred 
feet skyward to the west and in the distance in Kentucky, form a scene of 



AND OF NEW ALHANY, INICANA.. 



223 



grandeur and beauty such as is nowhere else to be witnessed aud enjoyed in In- 
diana. 

The city has the finest water-Avorks in the State, affording an incomparable 
fire service. It is lighted with gas, has fifty miles of paved streets, sidewalks 
aud alleys, many fine public buildings, churches, benevolent institutions, school- 
houses and private residences, a complete system of railroads, river navigation 
to all points west, south and north-west, street railroads and most of the other 
conveniences of a prosperous city. It has an elegant court-house, costing $150,- 
000 ; a fine city hall ; a lar^re appropriation for the erection of a Government 
building for post-office and custom-house ; fifty-four public free schools, taught 
in thirteen fine buildings ; a first class college for the higher education of young 
women ; elegant buildings for parochial Catholic schools and seminaries; twenty- 
three churches; two large brick market-houses, owned by the city and paying 
a good revenue; a first-class opera-house and a number of public halls; eight 
hotels; one hundred and sixty-one stores for the sale of dry goods, groceries, 
boots and shoes, hats and caps, clothing, variety and fancy goods, millinery, etc. ; 
a large number of mechanical establishments, in which the trades are carried 
on ; four National and one independent banks, with an aggregate capital of 




NEAV ALBANY WATER-WORKS. 



224 THE INDUSTRIES Of LOUIS V7L1.K 



81,300,000 and total resources of $2,984,397. New Albany i^ distinguished 
for the number and extent of its industrial establishments. These aggregate in 
number 129. They have invested a total capital of $6,479,740, employ 3,750 
Operatives, paving out annually in wages $1,772,384, turning out an annual 
product valued at §20,648,457."^ 

The principal manufactories are the DePauw American Plate Glass Works, 
covering sixteen acres and turning out the finest quality of plate glass, window, 
skylight and flooring glass and fruit jars, and in these works over $2,000,000 
have been invested ; the New Albany Woolen Mills ; the New Albany Cotton 
Mills; the New Albany Hosiery Mills; the New Albany Cotton Batting Fac- 
tory; the Ohio Falls Iron Works (merchant and bridge iron); New Albany 
Rail Mills (railroad rails, fish bars and cable road outfits complete); the New 
Albany Steam Forge AVorks; three extensive bent-wood and spoke works; 
four large flour mills; New Albany Stove Works (largest in Indiana); two ex- 
tensive furniture factories ; seven large tanneries ; four extensive breweries ; 
large boot and shoe factory ; large glue and fertilizer factory ; four large foun- 
dries and machine shops ; ten extensive cigar factories ; thi*ee carriage and 
wagon factories. The great iron and steel bridge over the Ohio river, witli 
street car, vehicle and railroad tracks, which is rapidly nearing completion, at 
a cost of $1,500,000, will unite the two cities of New Albany and Louisville. 
Little doubt is entertained that during the year 1886 the Ohio & Mississippi 
railroad will be extended to this city, a link of but seven miles only being 
necessary to accomplish this. 

The above facts and figures briefly represent the material resources of New 
Albany. It may be added that the city has been growing rapidly for the last 
four years, and a much more rapid growth is confidently anticipated by its citizens 
in the future. The peo])le are public-spirited, enterprising and liberal to en- 
gage in such enterprises as promise successful results. They pay their taxes 
with the same liberal spirit. Capital has been liberally invested in the search 
for natural ga^ as an aid to the further development and encouragement of 
manufacturing, though fuel supply in coal is abundant, near at hand and very 
cheap. Public free libraries, gymnasiums and similar institutions will show the 
liberality of the peoj)le. 



Wh&> Ghdviia^u^r I^Ridgs. 



On Saturday afternoon, April 10, 1885, an immense throng of Louisville 
and New Albany people, including many of the most prominent residents of 
both cities, witnessed the driving of the last steel connecting pin in the longest 
cantilever system in the woi-ld — the Indiana and Kentucky bridge. At 4:35 
o'clock, all things being in readiness, Ool. Bennett H. Young, projector of this 
vast interstate improvement and president of the company, advanced to the 
great oaken rammer suspended in position for the purpose, and, aided by Vice- 
President Culbertson, Messrs. Directors Grant, Goldsmith, Stine, Brown and 
Bloom, drove home the pin, the work, with resting sjjells, requiring some ten 
minutes. At its conclusion Colonel Young addressed the assembled spectators 
as follows: 

" Ladies and Gextle.men : In life there is always a struggle for excellence, 
and to accomplish tasks hitherto never undertaken is pleasing and gratifying to 



A>'J> OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 225 

people in every station. Wc have now driven the last pin in the lonojest canti- 
lever span in the world. This is something to the credit of Lonisville and New 
Albany, whose citizens have been prominent in the erection of this splendid 
structure, but we also now stand in the center of the only combination of canti- 
lever spans so far constructed. Within twenty years a convention of engineers 
was called to determine whether a five-hundred-foot span was safe and could be 
used for heavy railway traffic. They decided that such a span could not be 
erected. Yet the Henderson bridge has a five-hundred-and-twenty-five-foot 
span, and this bridge has substantially two five-hundred-foot S])ans. You can 
now understand, as you view this bridge from the present point, what an 
immense work it has been. Backed by no corporation, a few of your fellow- 
citizens conceived it and carried it to a successful completion. This great river, 
flowing beneath us with its rapid and apparently irresistible current, can not 
stay the march of commercial life or check the physical triumphs of man. By 
this cantilever system, which is nothing more than the science of balancing 
spans, these engineers now before you have bid defiance to the rage of the 
storm, and though these seething waters might have washed away any support 
placed in its bed, their genius has built this great span without any ground sup- 
port, and by skillful calculating as to weiglits they have projected this span 
across this channel and have placed the hundreds and thousands of pounds of 
metal required in this bridge from pier to pier, and made each part hold the 
other in position over the water until the cords are now, by this pin we have 
driven, forever united, and sufficiently strong to carry any burden which can be 
p'aced upon it. We thank you for your attendance. We shall hereafter ask 
your patronage. Louisville and New Albany are now practically one, and in 
sixty days the travel and trade between will pass along this highway independ- 
ent of all the vicissitudes of wind or water." 

As before intimated, C'olonel Bennett H. Young, of Louisville, was the 
originator of this bridge project. In the face of many obstacles and discourage- 
ments he organized the company, obtaining charters from the Kentucky Legis- 
lature April 1, 1880, and nnder the laws of Indiana in March, 1881, the capital 
stock being $1,500,000. The work was actually begun in the latter year, but 
for reasons not necessary to state was suspended until 1884. The chief engineer 
Avas Mr. John McLeod, assisted by Messrs. M. jNIoulton and C'. A. Bradley. 
Mr. Edward Hemberle, of the I^nion Bridge Company, prepared the plans 
finally approved and adopted in the year last named. The stone and founda- 
tion work was performed by Alexander & LeDuke; the superstructure of iron 
and steel built by the Union Bridge Company, and the approaches constructed 
by Messrs. T. H. Hamilton and Coulter — the entire force of men employed 
from first to last averaged 400. The work will be completed in its entirety and 
in full operation on the first of June, though railroad trains have been using 
the structure for regular traffic since the middle of May. The traffic facilities 
•consist of double railroad track and wagon way and double footway, and will 
accommodate all demands of travel likely to arise for many years to come. 

The total cost of the bridge and appurtenances was $1,500,000, and it is, 
beyond all question, the finest, most complete and most substantial structure 
ever thrown across the Ohio, providing for river navigation by means of a grand 
steel draw span resting upon pier No. 8, and reaching, when in position, from 
No. 2 to No. 4 — a splendid triumph of engineering and mechanical skill un- 
■equaled on this continent, if in the Avorld. The two longest connecting canti- 
lever spans in existence — 483 and 485 feet respectively — also form parts of this 
mighty work. All other cantilever bridges consist of a single span, whereas 
here is a system of them reaching from shore to shore. This bridge is also the 



226 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



loftiest ever built in the west^across a navigable river, and at no stage of water 
will it interfere with steamboating. 

The direct advantages resulting from the completion of this enterprise are 
many and of incalculable value, and particularly to New Albany, which is thus 
brought within a few minutes' ride of the business center of Louisville and be- 
comes the most attractive of that city's suburbs. Already tolls have been re- 
duced in the ratio of S300,000 per annum, and the prices of real estate in the 
vicinity of the bridge— and for that matter all over the city — have advanced and 
population has increased at a hitherto unheard-of pace since this great artery of 
commerce and travel became a fixed and substantial fact. Long may the public- 
spirited and indefatigable projector and his associates live to enjoy the fruits 
of their magnificent work. 



"^RHDSPORVjqVIOD. 



Besides her favorable location below the falls for river traffic, New Albany 
has direct railroad communications as follows : Louisville, New Albany & 
Chicago railroad ; Jefllersonville, Madison & Indianapolis railroad ; Louisville, 
Evansville & St. Louis railroad ; Ohio & Mississippi railroad (connecting 
branch nearly completed). Via the two bridges she also has immediate connec- 
tion with all the railroads centering at Louisville. It will thus be seen that 
her facilities for the shipment of manufactured commodities and the receipt 
of material, fuel, etc., are unsurpassed. 



&TJ(AGnWlGVf{lA. 



Besides the ten large and handsome free schools — two of which are set aside 
for male and female high schools — there are several excellent private schools, 
one German Protestant parochial school, and one German INIethodist parochial 
school. In the higher grades, the DePauw College for Young Ladies comes first 
in importance. It belongs to the Indiana Conference of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church, to which body it was presented by Washington C. DePauw, Esq., 
alter complete renovation and remodeling. A full faculty of experienced 
teachers is in charge, the curriculum embracing all the usual branches, with 
vocal and instrumental music, French and German. 

St. Mary's Female Academy, in charge of the sisters of St. Francis, is one 
of the finest schools in the State, occujiying a large, elegant and perfectly-ap- 
pointed building. The course is quite thorough, including modern languages, 
needle-work, painting and other polite arts. 

The Morse Academy is a first-class school, supi)lie(l with complete apparatus, 
and presents attractions to those desiring the advantages without the drawbacks^ 
of the usual college course. 



AND OF NEW ALIiANY, INDIANA. 



227 




NEW ALBANY OPKKA HOUsK. 



The finances of the city are in exemplary shape. The municipal debt is 
light, taxes moderate, and every condition favorable for the growth of the city 
in wealth and importance. 

The banks are five in number: The New Albany National, capital S200,- 
000 ; Merchants' National, capital $100,000 ; First National, capital $300,000 ; 
Second National, capital $100,000 ; and New Albany Banking Company, a 
State institution, capital $100,000. All of these fiduciary trusts are in the 
hands of careful, yet public-spirited, men, are sound aad strong, and may, at 
all times, be depended upon to extend all proper aid to every enterprise giving 
assurance of solidity and ultimate benefit to the city. 



MnnauHc^wa-RG: 



No city in the country is better slcuated Avith reference to certain manufact- 
ures than is New Albany, and particularly for the production of glass of all 
kinds, and glassware, iron and steel, machinery and iron and steel goods gen- 



228 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOIJISVIIJ.E 



erally, woodenware, furniture, leather and leather goods, woolen and cotton 
goods, etc. More extended notice of these interests will be found under the 
proper headings further along. 

In the matter of fuel New Albany is specially favored by reason of her 
propinquity to, and cheapness of, railroad rates from the renowned Southern 
Indiana block coal mines. 



I^SDSUDIaSDV iDSVlVaVIDDS. 




THE OLD LADIES' HOME. 

This fine example of practical philanthropy, erected and endowed by Wm. 
S. Culbertsou, Esq., in 1873, illustrates the generous founder's substantial char- 
acter, and it is an ornament to the city as well as a noble benefaction. It stands 
in the fashionable quarter of East Main street, is constructed of the best mate- 
rials and by the l)est workmen throughout, contains some sixteen rooms, besides 
parlor, dining-room, kitchen, etc., and will comfortably shelter and accommodate 
thirty inmates. The only qualifications demanded are homelessness, good moral 
character, an age of not less than sixty years, and actual residence in Indiana. 
The rules are extremely liberal, nothing being required of the beneficiaries be- 
yond what will insure order and quiet. The government is absolutely nonsec- 
tarian, and the inmates mav attend any church they prefer, but they are not per- 
mitted to indulge in religious or other controversies. Perfect neatness and 
cleanliness, calm and content, with peace and plenty, reign and bless the declin- 
ing years of these mothers in Israel, who, bereft of friends and homes of then- 
own, are thus j)rovided for. 



AND OF XKW ALBANY, IXJiJANA. 



21 {> 




CORNELIA MEMOKIAL ORPHANS' H03IE. 

This is another of Mr. Culbertson's noble 
benefactions, erected and dedicated in 1882, as 
a memorial to his deceased wife — a Cliristian 
hidy of the loftiest and most charitable charac- 
ter, whom to know was to love. ( )ur engrav- 
ing gives a very good view of the bnilcling, 
which, standing upon an elevated site on the 
north side of Poplar street, in the eastern sub- 
urbs, commands delightful views of natural 
scenery, of the broad Ohio, of the falls and 
of Louisville. 

No more healthful or inviting spot could have been selected. The edifice is of 
brick, two-and-a-half stories in height, of modern style, attractive in appear- 
ance and beautifully finished within and without. The interior arrangements 
are perfect, embracing sixteen large, lofty, well-ventilated and amply-lighted 
rooms, reception room, model kitchen, halls, bath-rooms, stairs, cellar, water- 
closets, outbuildings and, in short, every appliance and convenience, including 
gas and water in every room. The accommodations are sufficient for fifty 
children, matron and servants, without crowding. The grounds embrace two 
acres, a part of which is set in bluegrass and the remainder utilized as a gar- 
den. The smaller children are taught in the house, the larger ones attending 
school. 

Mr. Culhertson is recognized as a father by these otherwise friendless mites, 
and his frequent visits hailed with delight. 



Wh& G>H0.R(ZH&: 



The facilities for public worship are ample, and, to the credit of the city be 
it said, most of the churches are well attended. They are as follows : Presby- 
terian — three and two missions; Methodist — seven white, two colored, one Ger- 
man, one mission ; Protestant Episcopal — one and one mission ; Lutheran — 
two ; Catholic — two. one German, one Irish ; Christian — one ; United Breth- 
ren — one ; Universalist — one. There are also congregations of Southern Meth- 
odists, Spiritualists and Second Adventists. Every church has its Sunday- 
school. 



"^HS IPt^&s>s>. 



THE NEW ALBANY DAILY AND WEEKLY LEDGER. 

In 1847 Messrs. Theodore Bosworth and John B. Norman commenced the 
publication of the New Albany Tri-weekly Democrat, and at the close of that 
year Mr. Norman purchased the interest of Mr. Bosworth and established the 
New Albany Daily Democrat, continuing its publication until September, 1849, 
when he disposed of one-half interest in the office to Hon. Phineas M. Kent. 



■230 THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



Messrs. Norman & Kent changed the name of the paper to the New Albany 
Daily Ledger, and also established the Weekly Ledger. Mr. Kent, in 1851, 
disposed of his interest to Mr. Norman, who continued the Ledger as sole pro- 
prietor until 1856, when he sold a one-third interest to James M. Morrison and 
another third to Lucien G. Matthews. The firm of Norman, Morrison & ]Mat- 
thews continued the Ledger until December 1, 1855, when Mr. Norman re- 
tired and purchased one-half interest in the Indianapolis Sentinel, but in the 
spring of 1856 retired from the Sentinel and resumed his former interest in the 
Ledger. Mr. Morrison died in January, 1862, and Norman & Matthews pur- 
chased his interest and continued the publication of the paper until Mr. Nor- 
man's death on the 30th of October, 1869, Mr. Matthews purchasing his inter- 
est and continuing the Daily and Weekly Ledger until 1872, when he sold the 
office to Messrs. Merrill & Moter. In the autumn of the same year a stock 
company was organized and purchased the Ledger of the last-named firm, with 
Jonathan Peters as president and James P. Applegate as secretary, who still 
hold these positions, with John B. Mitchell as treasurer. Jonathan Peters is the 
business manager and James P. Applegate the editor. The Daily and U'eekly 
Ledger have been published for thirty-seven years, and are among the most 
widely-circulated newspapers in Indiana, having attached to them an extensive 
job printing office, book bindery and blank-book manufactory, and paj^er box 
factory, all of which are enjoying a large patronage. 

The publishers of this work take pleasure in acknowledging their obligations 
to President Peters, of the Ledger Publishing Company, for many valued favors, 
and to Mr. C. W. Cottom, of the editorial staff, lor timely and indispensable assist- 
ance in the compilation of matter for this department. JM r. Cottom is an able yet 
modest and retiring gentleman, who has made a study of New Albany, her his- 
tory, her advantages and her prospects, all of which are treated at length in an 
exhaustive pamphlet from his pen, published in 1873, " New Albany : Its 
Material Interests and Manufacturing and Commercial Advantages." It is a 
privilege to know such men as Messrs. Peters and Cottom, and to recognize their 
worth. 

THE SATURDAY HERALD— WEEKLY. 

The ninth volume of this interesting hebdomadal closes in June. The 
Herald, therefore, while not a new venture, marks a new era of the journal of 
free circulation. Hitherto all such papers have been issued with more or less 
irregularity, depending upon the amount and value of the advertising patron- 
age, usually lying dormant during the busy season and being published spas- 
modically at other times. The Herald, on the contrary, turns out an edition of 
4,000 copies every Saturday the year round, which are distributed gratis all 
over New Albany and in eighteen surrounding villages in the county. Mr. 
James W. Conner, the enterprising publisher, claims that by this plan more 
actual readers are reached in the immediate vicinity than by any other, and 
that consequently money invested in the advertising columns of the Herald 
must make better proportionate returns than from any similar medium. The 
office is located at No. 126 Pearl street. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA 



231 




SANDERSON KIRE ENGINE HOUSE. 



New Albany's Fire Department is one of the best equipped and most effi- 
cient in the West, size of city considered. It consists of three first-class 
steamers, one hand-engine, one hook and ladder truck, a plentiful supply of 
reels and hose, three brick and one frame engine-houses, and a complement of 
paid firemen, under the direction of an experienced chief engineer. One of 
the ferry-boats also is provided with a powerful pump, that affords protection 
to the shipping, and to the mills, factories, etc., on the river front. 



AXl) OF "SKW ALBANY, INDIANA, 233 



RGprGs^ntatiuG Housss. 



This coucluding chajjter of our work will be devoted to a faithful preseuta- 
tion of the claims of New Albany's leadinjr mauufacturiug, couiiuercial and 
financial concerns upon the consideration of the country, to a delineation of 
their advantages and a description of their facilities. This work has been per- 
formed conscientiously and with entire fairness, and, we l)elieve, gives an outline 
of the origin, history, extent and prospects of nearly if not ([uite every house 
of more than local fame in the city. 

A3IER1CAN PLATE GLASS WORKS. 



DePauw's American Plate Glass Works Polished and Obscured Plite Glass. Window Glass. Skylight Glass, 
Flooririg Glass. Ground Glass. Fruit Jars. Che.nicals, etc.— New Albany and Louisville. 



The manufacture of plate glas>, though one of the most important of the great indus- 
tries, is necessarily surrounded with considerable mystery — in Europe because of that 
jealousy among men so natural in a calling that has required liundrtHls of years' experience 
and the expenditure of vast fortvuies to perfect; in this country because, besides the im- 
mense cost of plant and the bitter competition, particularly Irom foreign sources, the 
machinery and processes arc entirely new and in all respects superior to those hitherto 
employed, enabling our domestic producers, despite the difference in wages, first cost of 
some materials, etc., to put upon the market a superior grade of glass at a greatly-reduced 
price, and the consequent necessity of guarding the secrets of manufacture trom those Avho 
would employ them only to the injury of the originators. 

The history of this industry in the'United States, up to 1872, was a monotonous record 
of failure and bankruptcy. Previous to that time a Louisville company had made the 
experiment, and met with disaster after sinking half a million dollars in the enterprise. 
It was then that the now famous Washington C. DePauw, of New Albany, took the 
matter in band and bent his energies to "plucking from the bitter husk of defeat the 
sweet kernel of victory." That lie succeeded where all his predecessors had failed is due 
no less to the pluck and determination of the man than to the vast fund of intelligence 
and pecuniary resources at his command. It is stated as a fact that his actual losses in the 
contest with European rivals during the first eight years — 1872 to 1880— were fully |600,000. 
It was a costly triumph, but a triumph nevertheless, and one calculated to cause his patriotic 
heart to swell with noble emotions — a triumph that lias already revolutionized the plate 
glass trade of the world, r^'duced the price of an indispensable commodity fifty to seventy 
per cent., and permanently established under the' American flag an industry which both 
friend and foe confidently pronounced chimerical so far as this continent was concerned. 

The DePauw American Plate Glass Works cost in cash, first and last — including 
foundry, machine-shoiis and other adjuncts necessary to their complete equipment — about 
two millions of dollars. Thirty acres of valuable ground, lying between the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad and the river, are devoted to their occupancy, and covered with buildings 
pertaining to the establishment, filled with furnaces, machinery, raw material, finished 
goods, and hundreds of busy, contented workmen. 

The leading specialty of the works is, of course, high-grade plate glass, of all sizes and 
weights. Superior qualities of window-glass of all standard dimensions— 5,000 boxes be- 
ing the average weekly output and this department employing the completest glass-flatten- 

16 



234 riJK INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



ing oven in the world; obscured or ground glass for windows, skylights, half-doors, side- 
lights, transoms, etc.; and the popular self-sealing " Mason's" and "Standard " fruit jars, 
forming a list of auxiliary manufactures for which there is a constantly-growing demand 
all over the United States — in brief, wherever excellence of quality and reasonable prices 
•;an find a market. 

From a recently-published review of this great enterprise we extract the subjoined 
points: "The capai;ity is 1,500,000 feet of plate ghi-s, 150 000 boxes window-glass and 
'20,000 gross of fruit jars per anfum. They have shipped glass in the same week to New 
York, New Orleans, St. Paul and San Francisco. The works employ from 1,000 to 1,500 
men; seventy-five per cent, of the cost of plate glass is directly or indirectly wages. The 
amount of material used is immense. Of coal nearly '2,000,000 bushels are used annually; 
3,<l00,00') to 4,000,000 feet of lumber, 25,000 tons of grinding sand, 12,000 tons mixing 
sand, 4,000 tons of soda ash and as much quick lime. They import, also, emery, arsenic, 
fire-brick, and other materials amounting to $200,000 annually. They make cylin- 
iers of pure white double thick window glass eighty inches long and fifty-eight inches 
\n circumference, and cast plates l;>5 by 215 inches in dimensions. A casting table 
has been introduced for the production of sheets of polished plate gla.«s 150 by 220 inches in 
size. The New Albany woiks have a capacity of 116 pots; the Louisville works 32 pots 
— making a total capacity of 148 pots when in full blnst. This is about three times the 
number of pots in any other works, eitiier plate or window glass, in this country. 

"Over thc^e immens'^ glass works — both at New Albany and Louisville — there is one 
oresiding genius, Mr. AV. C. DePauw, the proprietor. Interested, as he is, in woolen 
mills, cotton mills, merchant iron and bridge iron, steel and iron rail mills, foundries, half 
a dozen or more banks, and other business enterprises of vast importance, he gives to the 
DePauw American Plate Glass Works the closest attention and the special benefit of his 
remarkable genius as a manufacturer and the founder and successful promoter of indus- 
trial enteri">rises. 

"The labor and responsibility of the management of these great glass works are 
shared with Mr. DePauw by his son, Mr. N. T. DePauw, who is the business manager 
and general superintendent of the works, a man of great business sagacity and of the 
most enlightened and liV)eral business principles. His entire time ir, devoted to the office 
and the management of the works, in which he is ably assisted in the plate department 
by Mr. W. D. Keys, and in the window glass and fruit jar departments by Colonel G. F. 
Penn." 



CHARLES L. HOOVER, 



Wholesale Druggist— Manufacturer of Fluid Extracts, Elixirs, etc., and Jobber in Genuine American and Foreign 
Drugs, IMedlcines, Oils, Chemicals, Paints, Varnishes. Perfumery, etc., Nos. 4 and 6 West IVIain Street. 



Mr. Charles L. Hoover is the oldest and most extensive wholesale druggist in South- 
ern Indiana. He established himself on State street in 1851, and year by year has added 
to his facilities and trade connections until for the past twelve months his sales a<rgregate 
fully $75,000, with excellent prospects of largely increasing them for the ensuing year. 
He removed to his present location, Nos. 4 and 6 West Main street, in April, 1881, secur- 
ing thereby a commodious and convenient building, 50 feet front, 75 feet deep, three floors 
and cellar, affording superior advantages for both storage and shipment of goods. His 
trade extends all over Southern and Western Indiana and Northern Kentucky among the 
better class of retail druggists and physicians who require pure drugs and genuine goods 
in all lines connected with the drug and tancy-goods trade. 

Formerly a practicing physician himself, Mr. Hoover fully appreciates the value of 
standard medicines in the treatment of disease, and spares neither effort nor expense in 
meeting the demand for such imported and domestic drugs as are beyond the suspicion of 
adulteration. 

Mr. Hoover is proprietor of AVard's English balsam of wild cherry, compound santo- 
nine worm lozenges, and French horse and cattle powder, all of which are manufactured 
o;i the premisses. The distillation of flavoring extracts is also a specialty of the house. In 
addition Mr. Hoover is wholesale agent for the celebrated Averill mixed paints, for the 
sale of which he has the exclusive right in Southern Indiana. 

He has with him, in charge of the various departments of the establishment, five sons, 
all of whom were trained to the profession of pharmacy from boyhood. The house is one 
of New Albany's most creditable institutions. 



A.ND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



235 



SECOND NATIONAL BANK. 

L Bracley, Pr(sident; I. P. Leyden, Vice-President; E B. Lapping, Cashier— No. 12 Main Street. 



The city of New Albiuiy enjoys excellent 
ban kins; facilities, which atl'ord great apsi.<tance 
to all kinds of legitimate enterprise, public and 
private. One of these banks, popular with all 
classes, and of growing imjiortance to tlie busi- 
ne^^s interests of city and country, is the Second 
National, conveniently located at No. 12 West 
Main street. This fine bank was organized and 

S' " m : — —~^ '=^ ■ — 1111111 ij "'hartered in 1874, and is doing a heavy business 

■l|i i J "^ /^ 'A fflii i '" '^*^'P*^'-'^'ts, discounts, loans, collections, etc. 

jiiy -A. ^^ ms 'Ms liyi'il' 'J - The capital stock, all paid up, is $100,000; sur- 
plus fund, $20,000; undivided profits, $12,924..57. 
Its correspondents are the United States Na- 
tional of New York, the Cincinnati National of 
Cincinnati, and the Kentucky National of Louis- 
ville. 

The officers we have already named. The 
board ot directors is ct)mposed of live, pushing 
business men, as follows: L. Bradley, the presi- 
dent, who is also secretary and treasurer of the 
New Albany Cotton Batting Mills Company; 
1. P. Leyden, the vice-president, is engaged in 
the milling business; R. G. McCord, of McCord 
Florida orange-grower; R. P. Main, farmer; J. 
Good bub, wholesale (confectioner; John Shriider, furniture manufacturer. 

Liberal and well-managed, the Second Natic)nal is a financial institution of which anj 
city might well feel proud. 




& Avdelotte, Louisvil 



S. "W. Walts 



W. H. PADGETT & SONS, 



Manufacturers of all kinds of Furniture, Office Desks, Counters, Store Fixtures, etc.— No. 171 State Street, 

between Elm and Oak. 



Mankind can never pay in full the debt tliey owe to the cabinet-maker and the fur- 
niture manufacturer. From earliest infancj- to tottering age he ministers to our ease and 
comfort — provides the cradle that rocks the prattling babe to seraphic slumber, the bed 
that refreshes the wearied man and woman, and the casket that contains all that is mortal 
of us when "life's fitlul fever" ends in " the sleep that knows no waking." The cabinet- 
maker is, therefore, a most important factor in smoothing over the rough places in this 
vale of tears, softening our woes, beautifying our homes, and fulfilling to the full his mis- 
sion in the grand pioneer corps of civilization's ever-advancing forces. 

The firm of W. H. Padgett & Sons, No. 171 State street. New Albany, established in 
April of last year, is contributing its quota to the ease and pleasure of this generation in 
manufacturing a long line of fine, medium and common furniture, for which a ri ady mar- 
ket is found at home. Their commodious factory, fitted up with steam power and a com- 
plete equipment of improved machinery, employing a force of skilled workmen, and using 
none but the best materials — for the securing of which they have unusual facilities — is 
quite an acquisition to the city's industries, and can not fail to develop an immense trade, 
eventually. The specialty of the house is medium-grade house furniture, though fine 
goods are made when re()uired. Special attention is also given to the manufacture of 
store fixtures^counters, shelving, desks, etc. — and no establishment around the falls is 
better prepared to do elegant work or render better satisfaction in thi.« line. 

Mr. Wm. H. Padgett, the senior member of the firm, is an accomplished cabinet- 
maker, having learned his trade with the famous old firm of Johnson, Meader & Richard, 
Cincinnati, and has been in the same branch of business for thirty years. The sons, 
George H. and E. H., are also skillful practical workmen, the former having long been 
with John Shrader's furniture house, this citv. 



230 



THE IXDUSTKIKS OF LOUISVILJ.K 




AM) OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 237 



NEW ALBANY RAIL MILL COMPANY. 



W. C. DePauw, President: C. W. DePauw, Vice-President: Albert Trinler, Manager— IVIanufacturers of Iron 
and Steel Ralls of All Kinds. Fish Plates, Track Bolts, Spikes, Castings, Steam Engines, Grate Bars, etc. 



The above splendid mill, established by Josliiia Brydeii and J. B. Ford in 1864, came 
into possession of the eonipany wlio now own and operate it in 187H. Witii ample cap- 
ital and business talent, experience in the management of extensive industrial enterprises, 
popularitj' and a lixed det<!rmination to succeed, they have enlarged and improved the 
plant until now it is tlie largest and most valuable of the kind in the State. The company 
Avas incorporated in 1876, with the otflcers named at the head of this article. The plant is 
valued at $oOO,OUO, and the average annual output is near $1, "200,000, varying with the 
activity or dullness of railroad building and the demand for rails find other products. The 
ground occupied is two by three blocks in area, and contains an immense outfit of fur- 
naces, rolls, hammers, boilers, engines, and all necessary inachinery employed in the man- 
ufacture ot the specialties to which attention is given. Powei' is supplied by eleven large 
boilers and twenty engines of all classes. 

The leading specialty of the New Albany I'ail Mill Company is the manufacture of 
iron and steel rails for railroads, coal mines, cenient mills, saw mills and all other enter- 
prises in which railway tracks are utilized. They also produce immense quantities offish 
bars, fish plates, track bolts, spikes and miscellaneous castings for railway purposes, steam 
engines, grate bars, etc., and give skillful attention to repairs of every description of 
machinerj-, rolling-mill work, brass work and other heavy metal work. 

The capacity of the mill is 30,000 tons of st^-el and iron rails per annum, besides the 
other ile us mentioned in such quantities as are required. This company last year had 
the contract for and built the St. Louis cable street railway complete — a piece of work 
that demanded vast capital, unusual skill and practically-unlimited facilities. The works 
are at present busily engaged in the preparation of material for other cable roads. 

It is useless to go into any extended nutice of the officers of the company. W. C. 
DePauw, Esq., the president, is famous throughout the continent for his enterprise and 
benefactions. Mr. C. VV. DePauw, his son, partakes, in a marked degree, of the eminent 
characteristics of his sire. 



J. M. HAINS & CO., 

Manufacturers of anj Dealers in Best Grades Flour, Cracked Wheat, Graham Flour, Feed, etc.— Mills, Nos 
104 and 106 State Street and 41 and 43 Main Street. 



The milling industry about the falls is a great and growing one, upon the extent and 
character of which the sister cities have good reason to congratulate themselves. Above 
all others, the grower and shipper of grain, the miller and the dealer in mill products, are 
the purveyors to man's most pres-sing pliyficai \sants and benetaetors of the race, regard- 
less of caste, color or condition. 

New Albany's principal milling firm, and one which reflects credit alike upon the ad- 
vantages presented here for the establishment of kindred institutions and upon the enter- 
prise, sagacity tmd public spirit ot the members, is that ol J. M. Hains & Co., whose tine 
mills are Ine.-ited, one ("A') at Nos. 41 and 43 East Main strreet, the other (•' B "') at Nos. 
104 and 106 State street. The first was established by J. M. Hains, the second by Peter 
Mann. Both are fitted up with improved roller-process machinery and are of 200 and 100 
barrels dail}' capacity, respectively. All grades of flour are manufactured by these mills, 
together with immense quantities of Graham flour, cracked wheat, feed, etc. They em- 
ploy a force of fourteen men and produce $165,000 worth of breadstufts and feed per 
annum, nearly one-half of which is disposed of in the Louisville market, heavy shipments 
being made to Georgia and Florida, and New Albany and vicinity consuming the re- 
mainder. 

The firm bei^an operntions in the "A" or Main-street mill, erected in 1854, but met 
with such success that a year later they purchased, refitteil and started the " B " mill on 
State street. Their leading brand-, all of which are excellent and very popular, are 
"Manna," "Patent," '-Tuberose,'' Snxwdrop," "Silver Leaf" and "Southern." 

The firm is ccMuposed of enterprising men, .Mr. .1. M. Hains being president of the 
New Albanv National Bank. 



THE IJfDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 239 

OHIO FALLS IRON WORKS. 



W C. DePauw, President; P. R. Stoy, Vice-Presiden and Treasurer; John McCullough— Manufacturers of 
Merchant, Bar and Bridje Iron, Locomotive, Car, Wagon, Plow and Other Dimension Irons. 



This £;reat iiidustry had its inception in 18(j7, with the same eminentbiisincssmcn who 
now control it, and whose names are given above. Of them, it is onlj- necessary to say that 
Mr. DePauw is the same who made the American PhUe Glass Works a success in the face 
of discouragements that would have crushed an ordinary man ; that Mr. P» ter E. Stoy is 
one of New Albany's oldest and most substantial citizens, who for forty-five years has 
conducted the leading hardware house here; and that ^Ir. McCullough is a progressive 
farmer and capitalist of enterprise and sagacity. 

The company as it now stands was incorporated in the same year noted — 1867 — with 
a paid-up capital of $'200,00C. The works are among the largest in the West, covering 
260x400 feet of ground, tiie buildings the best of their class, and equipped throughout 
with steam power and a full complement of massive machinery of the best make and 
latest approved design. The capacity is 8,000 to 10,000 tons per annum of finished goods, 
embracing every description of merchant, bar, bridge, car, wagon, plow and dimensioti 
irons generallv. Some 225 skilled iron-workers, laborers, etc., are employed, the pav-rolls 
footing up from .$1,800 to .f 2,000 per week. 

The works, of course, have an immense trade, extending all over the continent, their 
products ranking with those of the most celebrated manufacturers. In a recent circular 
to the trade the company say: 

"Established in 1867, we have gone on from year to year adding facility to facility, 
enabling us to more fully meet the wants of our customers, and now think we can as 
promptly and satisfactorilj- fill your valued orders as anv iron manufactory in the coun- 
try. 

"We make a specialty of extra quality iron for bridges, locomotives and other ma- 
chinery when such is needed, and have special facilities for getting out promptly dimen- 
sion iron for car, plow and wagon works. 

"We carry at all seasons from 600 to 1,000 tons manufactured iron, from which to 
draw in filling hurried orders. Eeferring you to the pa.et as a guarantee for the future, 
we respectfullj' ask a continuance of your patronage." 



MERCHANTS' NATIONAL. BANK. 

i. H. Butler, President; C. H. Fawcett, Vice-President; E. C. Hangary, Cashier— Main Street. 



While not an excessively pretentious institution, the Merchants' National Bank of 
New Albany is a sound and responsible one. Originally chartered January 6, 1865, this 
fine bank has pursued a conservative yet liberal policy, extending such encouragement as 
was safe and advisable to all public enterprises of « legitimate cbaract<'r, and has conse- 
quently grown in popularity and the confidence of the public generally. As an indica- 
tion of the success which has attended the Merchants' National we nay state that during 
the first twenty years ol its existence the sum of $368,000 was paid to the stockholders 
in dividends. 

It was re-chartered January 6, 1885, as a non-dividend-paying bank, with a capital of 
$100,000; surplus, 147,000; undivided profits, f 12,474, and has begun its second lease of 
life under very favorable and promising auspices. This institution does a regular banking 
business in all branches, including deposits, loans, collections, exchange, etc. Tl;e de- 
posits average considerably more than the capital stock of $100,000. The surplus is $50,- 
000, and undivided profits, $30,000. All doubtful paper has been charged off, and depreci- 
ation on building reduced from $24,000 to f 10,000. The stock is now the most valuable 
in New Albany, and economy reigns throughout. 

President J. H. Butler is an accomplished financier, as are his assistants, Vice-President 
Fawcett and Cashier Hangary. 

The Merchants' National has regular correspondents as follows : United States Na- 
tional of New York; Bank of Commerce, Indianapolis; Kentucky National Bank of 
Louisville; Second National Bank of Louisville. 

The Board of Directors is composed of such prominent leading citizens as Washington 
C. DePauw, Esq., N. T. DePauw, J. K. Woodward, jr., G. V. Howk, C. H. Fawcett E. C. 
Hangary, and J. H. Butler, the president. 



240 



TilE INDL'STKIKS OK I.OUISVLLLK 



NEW ALBANY BANKING COMPANY. 



F. B. Winstandley, President; C. J. Frederick, Cashier— South-east Corner Pearl and Market Streets. 



The New Albany Banking Company operates under a State charter c^ranted in 1838, 
and is the oldest bank in the city and one of the oldest in the State. Originally it was 
the New Albany Insurance Company, but the name was changed by order ol the Circuit 
Court to New Albany Banking Company. 

The New Albany Banking Company"^ with a cash capital of $100,000 and a surplus of 
$13,000, is a sound, conservative and reliable, yet public-spirited and liberal, corporation, 
lending its influence and substantial aid to such public improvements and enterprises as 
recommend themselves to the directory as deserving and of general utility to the com- 
munity. The officers, I. S. AVinstandK-y, president, and C. J. Frederick, cashier, and the 
board of directors are selected from the best class of New Albany's substantial business 
men. The board embraces the names ol such men as W. W. Tuley, G. C. Cannon, Paul 
Reising, W. L. Breyfoiile, I. S. Winstandley, J. H. Stotsenberg and L. Vernia, than 
whom it is safe to say none more fitted for the position of advisers could be found. 

This company tninsacts only a general banking business, paying special attention to 
collecting. In all other particulars the same facilities are afforded as in other banking 
institutions. 



CHARLES HEGEWALD & CO., 



Founders and Machinists— Manufacturers of Marine and Stationary Engines. Boilers, Sheet Iron Work, Glass 
Works Machinery, Fire Fronts. Grate Bars, Mill Gearing, Pulleys. Hangers. Rolling-Mill and Blast Furnace 
Castings, Faulkner's Turbine Water Wheel. Air Grates, Sash Weights, Every Description of Light and 
Heavy Machinery, etc.— 0!fice and Shopi, Water Street, Bstween Pearl and Bank; Warehouses, Bank 
Street, Between Main and Water. 




The firm of Charles Ilegewakl & Co. was organized in 1874 by Messrs. Charles Hege- 
wald, an e.xperienced iron founder and machinist, and N. T. Del'auw, business manager 
of the American Plate Glass Works. The concern occupies an acre of ground bounded 
by Main, Water, Pearl and Hank streets, convenient to both river and railroad. The 
buildings comprise the workshops, three stories in height, and the warehouses, two stories. 
A complete outfit of machinery and facilities for niaiuifacturing forms the most valuable 
j)ortion of the plant. A force of fifty or sixty skilled workmen is employed, wages ag- 
gregating .$25,000 to $30,000 a year, and the average annual value of output is about 
*r25,000 to $150,000, orders being filled and machinery and material shipped to everj' 
section of the country South, West and Nortli, while the local patronage is large and 
steadily increasing. 

The leading sji£cialties of the firm are steamboat and stationary engines, marine and 
glass-works machitiery, boilers, rolling-mill and blast furnace castings, though a long line 



AND OF NKW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



>A\ 



of machinery and fittings of all kinds is Imilt to order in the be.^t style aiid of unsur- 
passed material. Of the miscellaneous goods made oi- handled by the firm the following 
is a partial list, viz: Gas pipe and fittinscs, brass castings, steam and water gauges, iron 
and brass valves, Hancock inspirators, J]berman injectors, Babbitt metal, hemp and gum 
packing, hose, cast and malleable fittings, fire brick, tile and clay, bolts and nuts, Dayton 
cam steam pumps, Judson governors, pig and sheet lead, copper, tin, asbestos packing, 
rubber belting, etc., all of the best makes and at as reasonable quotations as can be ob- 
tained anywhere. 

Mr. Hegewald is also connected with ISF. Zier & Co.'s boiler works, and the firm offers 
special figures on this kind of work. Send (or catalogue and price list. 



CRESCENT CIGAR FACTORY— S IE VERS & SCHLOSSER, PRO- 
PRIETORS. 

Manufacturers of and Dealers In Cigars and Smoking Tobacco— No. 66 State Street. 




There is so much deception and humbug in the cigar trade that it is refreshing to find 
exceptions to the rule — to discover cigar manufacturers who recognize the principle of 
" live and let live" and decline to join in flooding the market with cheap and trashy imi- 
tations of famous brands or grind the faces of thi-ir operatives in the name of business. 
Such a house is that of Sievers & Schlosser, No. 66 State street. New Albany, who have 
built up a flourishing and growing trade upon the principle laid down in the Golden 
Kule. 

This prosperous concern, establi-shed in 1884, handles none but the finest selected leaf 
of dome-tic and Cuban gr 'wth, employs none but skilled union workmen, and puts upon 
the market none but the highest grades of cigars. Consequently, when smoking a weed 
from a box bearing their brand, one knows that he is neither contracting leprosy from 
Chinese-made goods nor contributing to the ill-gotten gains of some grasping employer 
of cheap tenement-house labor. Beginning in a small way, the firm soon made for their 
goods a ready market by dint of merit alone, and found themselves obliged to remove, in 
October last, to their presi'ut location, where they have two floors 20x60 feet, where some 
ten or a dozen first-class hands find steady and renuinerative employment. 

The firm's leading brands are "Crescent," " Old Tom," " S. and S.," " Pink of Perfec- 
tion " and '• Estelle" cigars, and choice smoking tobacco of \arious brands. 

Mr. Christian J. Sievers is a German, twenty yenrs in New Albany, twelve of which 
have been devoted to the cigar trade. Mr. Schlosser has been in the same kind of business 
for the past fifteen years. 

The house does a heavy wholesale and retail trade in cigars, both of their own manu- 
facture and imported, and connt)isseurs will do well to call and investigate. 



242 



THE IXDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 




'*'"^"'''"»':fi:!;,'.giiij!lip 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 243 



XEW ALBANY WOOT^EN AND COTTON MILLS. 

W. C. DePauw. President: J. F. Gebhart, Superintendent: E. P. Croxall. Book-l<eeper and Treasurer: S. W. 
Vance, Secretary— IVIanufacturer of leans. Flannels, Blankets, Kerseys, etc.— Factory, Upper Vincennes 
Street ; Office. Nos. 15, 17 and 19 West Main Street. 



The above splendid enterprise has been of immense benefit to New Albany in tbe 
past, and bids fair to multiply in usefulness and importance in the future. Oriijinally 
establ shed in 1861, the company now owning and operating the mills was incorporat(d 
in 18t34, since which time the history of the concern has been one of constant develop- 
ment, improvement and enlargement, so that at this date the mills are among the largest 
of the kind in the country, with a high ri'putatiun for the character of their goods, and a 
ready market all over the continent for all they can produce. 

The cut printed herewith gives a general view of the mills as they appeared up to 
the present spring. Extensive improvements have since considerably aUeretl the general 
aspect of aflairs; but as they are not yet completed, we regret the necessity which com- 
pels us t" forego presenting an accurate picture. The buildings are five in number, viz: 
first, 57x180 feet, three stories, with L; second, 48x250 feet, two stories, with L; third, 
28xo40 feet, two stories; fourth, 57x4!i5 feet, two-and-a-half stories and basement; tilth, 
picker house, 40x140 feet, one story. No. 'z is tlic cotton mill proi^r. running six thou- 
sand spindles, while No. 4 is devoted to woolen manufactures exclusively, rur.ning sixteen 
sets of sixty-inch cards. Seven steam-engines and eleven boilers furnish the power for a 
complete equipment of machinery of modern design and of the best and most efl'ective 
description. A force of six hundred operatives is employed, and wages are paid weekly 
to the amount of $4,500. The entire establishment is illuminated with Bru.-h incandes- 
cent lights. The capital stock, only $65,000 at the time of incorporation, has be»n in- 
creased to $400,000; the sales foot up $1,000,000 a yeai-, and everything goes to show that 
this IS one ot the most successful and flourishing industrial ventures ever inaugurated in 
this section of the country. 

Besides the buildings above enumerated, the company have on their piemises a com- 
modious carpenter, blacksmith and machine-shop, where all necessary repairs to buildings 
and equipment are made economically and wth dispatch. They also occupy as otfice and 
warerooms the fine four-stor}- business house Nos. 15, 17 and 19 West Main street, where a 
heavy stock of manufactured goods from their own mills, consisting of jeans, flannels, 
blankets, kerseys, cotton warp, cotton yarns, etc., is kept constantly on hand for the con- 
venience and inspection of buyers — the trade being with jobbers exclusively. Of cotton 
jeans warp they manufacture all that they can use, and sell largely to other mills 

The demand for these goods is so large as to have induced the company to establish 
agencies for their sale at several leading W' stern mercantile centers; viz: Record Bros., 
Chicago; John A. Scott, St. Louis; L. Liebenstin, Citicinnati, and J. A. Harbison, Louis- 
ville. Full lines of samples will be carried by each of these houses, and the trade will 
secure as good terms and as good goods from them as at headquarters. The quartermas- 
ter's department of the United States army is a heavy customer of these mills. 

Of the company itself it is not necessary to say much. The famous business man and 
philanthropist, Washington C. DePauw, is president; J. F. Gebhart, superintendent; 31 r. 
N. T. DePauw, manager of the American Plate Glass Works; Dr. Newland, retired capi- 
talist, and E. Benjamin, of the Louisville Machine Company, are directors — a combina- 
tion of experience, uprightness and business capacity seldom equaled. 



JAMES PEACOCK, 



Produce Dealer and General Commission Merchant, Nos. 100 and 102 State Street. 

Of New Albany's commission merchants none occupy a more enviable position in 
relation to the trade and commerce of the city than Mr. James Peacock, successor to the 
firm of J. Peacock & Co., established in 1880. Mr. Frank Belvey, the junior partner, 
withdrew in 1&84. since which time the house has been successfully conducted by ]Mr. 
Peacock alone. He occupies three floors of the fine building, 30x60 feet, Nos. 1-UO and 
102 State street, and has unsurpassed facilities for the prosecution of an extensive bus- 
iness — ample storage capacity and all requisite conveniences for the handling of consign- 



244 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



ments — receiving Iroiii, and shipping to, all points North, East and South, and making 
specialties of New York apples, pears, plums, small fruits generally, particularly straw- 
berries and raspberries, and vegetables of all kinds. He is also agent for Straus' cele- 
brated patent-njller flour, of which he handles large quantities, together with every 
description of country produce. 

Mr Peacock does a strictly commission business. He has one of the best-located and 
most completel\--equip]ied houses of the kind in the West, and is prepared to handle, in 
the most satisfactory manner, any quantitj^ of goods in his line, especially inviting con- 
signments of berries and other fruits in season. 



NEW ALBANY HOSIERY 3IILL. 

W. A. Hedden & Co., Proprietors— Manufacturers ot Woolbn Hosiery of Every Description— Ekin Avenue, near 

Vincennes Street. 




The New Albany Hosiery Mill began operations in 1879 as a branch of the New 
Albany Woolen Mills, under the control of Mr. K. Gruener. The present firm, consist- 
ing of Messrs. W. A. Hedden and R. Gruener, took possession and started the mills as an 
independent enterprise in 1881, and have made of it one of the most important and suc- 
cessful of New Albany's manufacturing establishments, with a trade extending through- 
out th(! East, West and North-west amounting during the past year to $150,000. One 
hundred and twenty-tive to one hundred and fifty operatives find employment in the 
mills, and over $40,000 per annum is paid in wages — a very considerable sum added to 
the aggregate expended among the merchants and property owners of the city for food, 
raiment and slielter 

The leading specialties are fine gauge hose, ribbed and fashioned hose. Shaker socks, 
fulled goods, mittens and stocking yarns, all of the jiroducts being popular with consumers 
and the trade and finding a ready market, the demand steadily increasing as the goods 
become better known. 

As before intimated, this venture was oriuinally an oflfshoot of the New Albany 
Woolen Mills. The |)resent firm located first at State and West Main streets, but removed 
to the present location in order to secure more room and better facilities. The mills em- 
brace one fin(! building of three stories, T^OxloS feet, filled with intricate and costly ma- 
chinery of approved iiaitern, and several other buildings, 25x185 feet, t)nc story in height. 
A spacious and handsomely-appointed salesroom recently erected adjoining the factory 
buii'lings affords greatly-increased facilities for both storage and the convenience of buy- 
er-, who will have here the best opportunities of selection, comparison and inspection. A 
splendid line of the compaiu's goods is at all times on exhibition, and all interested either 
in the hosiery trade or the industries of the city will be well repaid for the time and 
trouble of making a visit to this superb establishment. 



A>D OF >'j;W ALliANV. INDIANA. 



Ma 



CITY BREWl{:UV, 



Paul Reising & Co.. Proprietors-Paul Reising and Fred C. Kistner, Maltsters and Brewers of Superior Lager 
Beer— Corner West Fourth and Spring Streets. 




The City Brewerj'^ is one of New Albany's old-time enterprises, opened by Bottomly 
& Ainsley tifty years ago. A Mr. Kueler succeeded that firm ; then came John Jager, 
whose management was such that the sheriff administered on the property and sold it to 
Mr. Paul Reising some tM'enty-six years ago, who for several years previously had been 
engaged in the brewing of common beer on Main street — an industry which he continued 
at his present place for eleven years, then going into the manufacture of lager beer and 
malt. 

The City Brewery makes a specialty of extra lager beer, for which tliere is a generous 
and steadily-increasing demand in New Albany and the adjacent country towns. Ten 
men are employed, and last year's sales of lager beer footed up over 0,000 barrels, the ca- 
pacity being ample, besides, to supply 15,000 bushels of malt, all of which is made from 
selected barley. 

Mr. Reising is an enterprising and public-spirited citizen, and a prominent man in 
business circles, occupying, among other positions, a place on the directory of the New 
Albany Banking Company. 

Mr. Fred C. Kistner, son-in-law of Mr. Reising, is a partner in and principal manager 
of the establishment. He is to the full as energetic and popular as his senior, and the two 
will undoubtedly keep the City Brewery in the front rank. 

An immense ice machine of appi'oved make supplies the breweiy with abundance of 
ice and at the same time forces great currents of cold air through the vaults, keeping them 
at a uniform temperature at all seasons. 



NEW ALBANY NATIONAL BANK. 



J. M. Mains, President; M. A. Weir, Cashier— No. 13 Main Street. 



This prosperous banking institution, chartered in 1864, stands very high in the estima- 
tion of the business community of New Albany', not only because of the lolty character 
.and upright methods of its officers and directors, but because of the assistance it has ren- 
dered in the j)ast and present to tiie material interests of the city. Cautious yet liberal, 
whatever enterprise proves sound and for the general good is certain of recognition and 
aid from the New Albany National Bank. The officers are named above. The board of 
directors embraces the names of some of New Albany's most public-spirited men, engaged 
in other leading manufiicturing, commercial and fiiuuicial ventures — men who build up 



24(i 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOUISVILLE 



the material intere>t nf and are an honor to any community with which they may cast 
their lot. Amons them are W. C. DePauw and his son, N. T. DePauw, of the American 
Plate Glass AVorks, New Albany Woolen and Cotton Mills, etc.; Moses Irwin, ferry 
owner; M. A. Weir, cashier of the bank; John McCulloch, farmer; J. M. Hains, miller 
and president; Silas C. Day, deceased, and Peter Pi. Stoy, vice-president of the Ohio Falls 
Iron Works, one of New Albany's oldest and most respected merchants and citizens. 

Thi; New Albany National is twenty-two years old, and has the entire confidence of 
the t^eneral public. The capital stock'is $200,000; surplus, $80,000; undivided profits, 
$32,000; average deposits, $1 60,000. The last report of the bank's condition, made to the 
Comptroller of the Currency, presents the following very favorable showing : Assets- 
Deposited with Treasurer of the United States to secure circulation, $50,IH)0; reserve 
account, $2,250; cash, $28,901.74; N — D — , tSlS,?! 3.31 ; building and fixtures, 15,000; 
woolen-mill bonds, $20,000; water-works bonds, tl3,000; expense account, $828.78; city 
bonds, $50; city orders, 85,488.85 ; due from other banks and bankers, $35,192.52 ; total, 
.$484,425.20. Liabilities— Capital stock, 1-2(10,000; certificates, $1,811.75 ; due depositors, 
.$118 863 75; surplus, $80,000; circulation, $4.5,000; dividend, $20"; profit and loss, 
$31,050.18; due other banks and bankers. $7,492.52; total, $484,425.20. In brief, the 
New Albany Natioiuil is and has always been the most successful bank ever instituted 
hi-re ; its dividends have been larger, and its surplus has ever been known as heavier than 
that of any other local bank, while it has been throughout its career eminently and un- 
precedentedly successful. 

The New Albany Natio- al does a general banking, deposit, exchange, discount, loan 
and collection business, and has correspondents at leading monetary centers as follows: 
United States National Bank and Gilman, Sons & Co., NewTork; First National Uank, 
Chicago; Third and Merchants' National banks, Cincinnati, and Second National Bank, 
L)uisville. 



LOUIS SEEH.\USEN & SOX, 



Minufacturers of Calf and Sheep Kid, Ccrner of Lower Third and Main Street. 

___^_ The extensive tannery of Louis 

Seehausen & Son, Lower Third and 
Main strei'ts, is one of New Albany's 
standard industries, established in 1879 
by the senior memb>'r of the firm. Mr. 
Louis See'ausen, jr., trained to the 
business from boyhood, was admitted 
to a partnership in 1885. 

The specialty of the hou;e is the 
tanning of superior grades of calf, mo- 
rocco, and kid skins for the trade, and 
particularly for the manufacture oJ la- 
dies' fine goods. In this department 
Seehausen & Son have been very suc- 
cessiul, turning out fron.i 50,000 to 60,- 
000 finished skins per annum, which 
are sold all over the United States. 
Some fifteen to twenty skilled tanners and curriers are constantly employed, and the 
great yards and shops are scenes of steady work year in and year out. 

The tannery, as shown in the cut, is located at Main and Lower Third streets, is 
60x100 feet, and four stories in height. A complete equipment of latest improved ma- 
chinery of costly and ingenious character forms a part of the plant, enabling the firm to 
turn out superior work" with dispatch, and in the best manner. A forty-horse-povver 
boiler and engine in the adjoining huilduig supplies steam for all departments. 

The trade of the house, the result of superior goods, is constantly growing, while the 
demand from former customers continues Meady and stronsr. The senior member of the 
firm, a German by birth and rearing, has ever proved a good and useful citizen and his 
well-merited success has in many ways resulted to the good of the community. Louis 
Seehausen, jr., is a native of New Albany, and a promising young man. Father and son 
are ])ractical tanners, hard and ste.-idy workers, and, the entire concern being under their 
personal supervision and economically managed, they are enabled to oft'er unu^ually low 
quotations to buyers. 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



247 



H. KLERNER & SOXS, 



Manufacturers of Furniture— Factory and Warerooms, Upper Fifth and Oal< Streets. 










Messrs. H. Klerner & Sons embarked in the furniture business in New Albany in 
1871, and have by energy, industry and integrity achieved unusual success. Their fine 
factory at Upper Fifth and Oak streets turns out annually about $75,000 to $100,000 
worth of medium-grade furniture, their specialty being principally bed-room furniture, 
such as wardrobes, toilet set?, bedsteads, etc., most of which is shipped South to Kentucky, 
Tennessee, Alabama. Georgia, South Carolina. Texas and other States, where these goods 
are very popular, the sales being constant at all seasons. 

H. Klernor & Sons' factory is three stories in height, -50x100 feet in area, and employe 
thirty-five hands besides a tine assortment of labor-saving machinery. The warehouse, 
also of three stories, is 40x120 feet square, and furnishes ample storage facilities. The 
lumber-yards are two in number, one at the factory and another on Fourth street, and 
contain an immense quantity of selected walnut, ash and poplar for use in the shops. 

The firm is composed of Mr. H. Klerner, his sons Jacob and Peter, and Mr. H. H. 
Meyer, all practical workmen and excellent business men. They are doing much to 
advance the material interests of the city and attract notice to its manufacturing and 
commercial advantages. 



FIRST ]S ATIONAL BANK. 



W. S. Culbertson, President; Jesse J. Brown, Vice-President; S. A. Culbertson, Cashier. 

This, the oldest of the New Albanj^ banks. i.s the successor of the New Albany branch 
of the State Bank of Indiana, reorganized under the National banking act in 186-5, and in 
a powerful and influential institution, public-spirited in its management, yet carefully 
and skilKully conducted. The capital stock is $300,000; surplus, $60,000; undivided 
profits, $21,1.34. The deposits are very large in amount, some of the wealthiest and 
most prominent capitalists and business men being regular custoniei-s. Loans, discounts, 
collections, and all other legitimate banking business form portions of its regular transac- 
tions. Having responsible Eastern correspondents— the United States National and 
Fourth National Banks of New York — the First National is fully equipped for the trans- 
action of business and the collection of accounts in that .section. 

The officers are named above. All are trained and expert financiers. The board of 
directors is composed of some of New Albany's oldest and best busine-s men and citizens, 
as follows: Morris McDonald, Alexander Dowling, J. K. Woodward, W. S. Culbertson, 
Jesse J. Brown. 

The First National is not only a credit to, but a most capable factor in. New Albany's 
prosperity. 



248 



THE INDUSTRIES OF I,OUISVILI-E 



NKW AI.BANY COTTON BATTING MILLS. 



L. Bradley. SecroUry and Trtasurer: D. V. BoAiian. Superintendent.— Eighth Street, near Vincennes. 




Tlic \ari(!ty of uses to 
which ordinary cotton bat- 
ting is applied, both domes- 
tic and manufacturing, will 
at once suggest themselves ti> 
any one familiar with the 
material. It is not generally 
known, however, to the out- 
ride world, that New Albany 
I'oasts one of the largest and 
most flourishing plants in the 
iduntry, devoted exclusively 
[i; to this industry. AVe refer 

to the New Albany Cotton 
Batting Mills, situated on 
Eighth street, near Vincennes, of which Mr. L. Bradley is secretary and treasurer, and Mr. 
D. F. Bowman superintendent. The enterprise was established by the latter gentleman 
in 1881, and incorporated as above in 188:), with .i'iU.OOO capital. The premises cover an 
acre and a half of ground, on which are erected a handsome factory and warehouse, the 
former 37.xloO feet,"the latter 50x150. The factory is erjuipped in the best main er with 
improved machinery and employs 25 operatives, turning out $125,000 worth of finished 
batting per annum, Yor which a market is found all over the country. 

The managers ai'e capable and experienced business men. Mr. Bradley, formerly a 
prominent and successful merchant, and many years president of the New Albany 
"Woolen Mills Company, is an enterprising, pnbfic-spiritcd citizen. Mr. Bowman was for 
ten years connected w'ith the New Albany Woolen 31iils and New Albany Cotton Mills 
previous to embarking in his present venture. Mr. D. B. Doll, one of the best known and 
most popular traveling men in the West and South, is also the general agent and one of 
the company's heaviest stockholder*. Every indication points to a long, prosperous and 
useful career for the New Albany Batting Mills. 



G. MOSER. 



Manufacturer of Harness, Skirting, Kip. Upper and Cola- Leathe — 0;fi:e and Tannery. Nos. 272 to 278 East 
EigKti Street, between Sycamire an I B. 

Mr. Moser is a life-long and 
skillful tanner, of varied expe- 
rience, having worked as a jour- 
neyman in the leading establish- 
ments of Louisville, Cincinnati, 
Evansville and Chicago previous 
to going into business for himself, 
in 1877. His thorough practical 
knowledge of the business has 
proved of great value to him in 
every way, enabling him to man- 
ufacture the best possible goods, 
and to find ready sale for his 

products. His yards are 110x225 feet in area, the cai,^....,^ ..,,.. ..-.^, , -v,v|«.,^p^« ^..^^.^ 
and warehouses two stories in height, and regularly employ a do/.en or more men the 
year around, turning out some $40,000 worth of superior harness, skirting, kip, upper and 
collar leather of the best grades 

Mr. Moser is of German birth, but has resided in New Albany for twenty years, 
where he is much respected for his industry', public spirit and unassuming manners. 




equipped shops 



AXl) OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



249 



NEW ALBANY STEAM FORGE. 



Charles Sackett, President; Geo. E. Sackett, Secretary and Treasurer ; J. T. Wright, Superintendent, 
urers of Every Description of Light and Heavy Forgings. Water Street, near Upper Sixth. 



Manufact- 




The above-named company, incorporated in 1869, with a capital stock of $125,000, has 
proved a grand success and developed into one of Indiana's giant industries, the average 
annual output being valued at $250,000. The works and appurtenances embrace a piece 
of land 400x450 feet square. The shops proper occupy buildings 71x210 and 60x80 feet, 
to which is attached a storage shed 80x120 feet. A convenient and commodious steam- 
boat landing fronts the works on the river side, while railroad switches enter the prenrses 
from either end, thus affording economic shipping facilities. 

The equipment is complete, consisting of one large upright hammer and one 4,000 
helve hammer, used in forging the largest sized shafts and cranks and other heavy work» 
and four other hammers ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 capacity of blow, for lighter work, 
with numerous cranes for the convenient and rapid handling of the product, and a large 
engine and accompanying battery of boilers for general use in the works. About lOO 
men — skilled mechanics and laborers— are employed, and $1,200 a week is paid in wages. 
The machinery throughout is of the heaviest and most approved kinds, and includes every 
device that can be employed to advantage. 

The specialties of the New Albany Steam Forge are car-axles and railroad forgings 
generally, including locomotive frames, etc., of superior material and workmanship.. 
There is a wide demand for work in this line from all parts of the United States and Can- 
ada, and this company commands the confidence and patronage of many of the roads 
throughout the great North-west and South. 

Steamboat forgings of all kinds are also made to order, such as shafts, cranks, piston- 
rods, pitman jaws and wrists, and in short, anything required in the line of machine forg- 
ings. 

The making of sugar-mill shafts for use in the Louisiana plantations receives special 
attention also. The great leading idea of the company is to turn out the best possible- 
work at short notice, and thus merit the consideration and patronage of interested parties^ 



CLARK'S NEW ALBANY SAW-MILL. 



Between Seventh and Eighth Street, Near the River. 

New Albany's advantageous location below the falls long ago made her a great lum- 
ber market for the interior and for the lower Ohio. Her trade in this line still clings to 
her and continues to grow, as is shown by the erection of new and the remodeling of old 
mills, the establishment of new lumber-yards and the increased sales. 

Some three or more years ago Messrs. Clark & Ogle opened a new mill near the river, 
between Seventh and Eighth streets, and did a flourishing business from the start. About 

17 



250 



THK INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



two and a half years ago Mr. Ogle withdrew, and Mr. C. R. Clark has since conducted the 
enterprise on his individual account. He is a heavy buyer of logs, laths, lumber and 
shingles, manufactures large quantities of hard and soft building and furniture material, 
and is prepared to furnish anything in his line at short notice and in the best style. 
The trade will find it to their interest to call at his splendidly-equipped mill when in 
want of lumber of any kind, as his facilities enable him to fill orders in the best manner 
and in any quantity desired. He runs one large and four smaller saws, turning out 1,600,000 
feet last year, mostly poplar. The present outlook is for an output of 2,000,000 feet 
for 1886. » 

A. BARTH, 



Tanner and Currier, Upper Tenth and River. 



Few persona non-resident here have 
an adequate idea of the extent of the 
leather industry of New Albany. Many 
hundred thousand hides — kip, calf, kid 
and morocco — are annually dressed 
here and shipped to all principal points 
-' ^ for the use of boot, shoe, glove, saddle, 
_ - harness and trunk manufacturers. New 
-:§ Albany is advantageously located for 
\ securing unlimited quantities of sumac 
-' and hides, and, therefore, olfers ex- 
traordinary inducements to tanners. 

Mr. A. Barth owns and operates a 
very extensive tannery at Upper Tenth 
street and the river. It was established 
in 1864, 1)^ A. Baiih ^\. Cd., Mi. IJaith becoming sole proprietor last June. The tannery 
and appurtenances cover nearly one acre of ground, and comprise, besides a large and 
conveniently-arranged yard, six buildings respectively 50x150, 45x90, 100x100, 80x100, 
30x90 and 22x40 feet, devoted to the various departments, as bark shed and mill, curriers' 
shop, engine and boiler room, store room, etc. The average output is 12,000 finished 
hides per annum, of all kinds; the number of emplo}es 30 to 35. 

As before stated, Mr. Barth manufactures all kinds and grades of leather. Having 
had a lifetime of experience in the business, he understands it in both theory and practice, 
and therein possesses superior advantages. As a consequence, he finds ready sale for 
every hide he can put upon the market, and is correspondingly prosperous. 




M. ZIER & CO. 



Boiler and Sheet iron Works— Manufacturers of Marine and Stationary Boilers. Chimneys, Breeching, Water and 
Oil Tanks, and alijkinds of Plate and Sheet iron Work— Water Street, between State and First. 

The above-named very large 
and complete establishment has 
been in uninterrupted operation 
for some thirty years under the 
pi.'r>onal supervision of the found- 
er, Mr. M. Zier, and in that long 
period has turned out a vast 
aniount of first-class work, in- 
cluding, among other important 
and costly jobs, the boilers, chim- 
n^ys, breechings, etc., of many of 
tli^i finest and swiftest steamers 
that ever plowed the Western 
w ters. Mr. Zier is a thoroughly-accomplished mechanic, both theoretical and practical, 
and in his line has no superior either for skill or for conscientious devotion to the interests 
of his patrons. His partner, Mr. Charles Hegewald, also a skillful mechanic of large and 




AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



251 



varied experience, is head of the firm of Charles Hegewald & Co., founders and machin- 
ists, and an enterprising, public-spirited citizen. He joined Mr. Zier in 1878, bringing 
with him much valuable experience, business tact and energy, all of which have been 
utilized in increasing the value of the plant and extending the operations of the firm. 

The works, fronling on the river between State and First streets, are very large, cov- 
ering one hundred and fifty by two hundred feet of ground. All useful appliances and 
machinery and lorty skilled workmen are employed, and large quantities of the best grade 
of work are done, embracing the construction of new boilers, water and oil tanks, breech- 
ing, chimneys, roofing, and plate and sheet-iron work generally for steamboats, railroads, 
mills, etc., marine work being the great specialty. The firm have just finished the roof 
for the new New Albany woolen mills — one of the best jobs of the kind in the country — 
and are prepared to give estimates and make contracts lor any amount of similar work. 




INDKX 



— TO — 

NEW ALBANY REPRESENTATIVE HOUSES. 



Kanks — National . 

Kirst National Bank 247 

Merchants' National Bank 239 

New Albany National Bank . 245 

Second National Bank 235 

Banks — State. 

New Albany Banking Company 240 

Be' T — Brewers. 

City Brewery 245 

Boilers — Manufactnrert-. 

Zier, M. & Co 'J.JO 

Bolts and Spikes — Manufacturers. 

New Albany Rail Mill Company 237 

Castings — Manufacturers. 

New Albany Rail Mill Company 237 

<'igiir8— Manufacturers. 

Sievers & Sclilosser 241 

i'igars and Tobacco — Dealers. 

Sievers & Sclilosser 241 

Commission. 

Peacock, James 243 

< 'otton Batting — Manufacturers. 

New Albany Cotton Batting Mills 218 

1 >rugs — Wholesale. 

Hoover, Charles L 234 

l:]x tracts— Manufacturers. 

Hoover, Charles L 234 

lA'c'J — Manufacturers. 

Hains, J.M. .^- •'" 237 

yi unels — Manuliirtuieis. 

Now Albany Woolen and Cotton Mills . 
riour — Manufacturers. 

Hains, J.M. & Co 

Forgings — Manufacturers 

New Albany Steam Forge 

Fi undry. 

Uegewald, Chas. & Co 210 



213 
237 
219 



Fruit Jars — Manufacturers. 

American Plate Glass Works 233 

Furniture — Manufacturers. 

Klerner, H.& Son 217 

Padgett, W. H. & Sons 2:i5 

Glass — Manufacturers. 

American Plate Glass Works 233 

Hosiery — Manufacturers. 

New Albany Hosiery Mill 244 

Iron — Manufacturers. 

Ohio Falls Iron Works 239 

Jeans — Manufactureis. 

New Albany Woolen and Cotton Mills .... 246 
Leather — Tanners. 

Barth, A 250 

Moser, G 248 

Seehausen, Louis & Son 246 

Lumber — Manufacturers. 

Clark's New Albany Saw Mill 249 

Machinists. 

Hegewald, Chas & Co 210 

Maltsters. 

City Brewery 245 

Paints and Oils — Wholesale. 

Hoover, Chas. L ^U 

Produce. 

Peacock, James 243 

Rails — Manufacturers. 

New Albany Rail Mill Company 237 

• Sheet Iron Work — Manufacturers. 

Zier, M.& <^o 250 

Steam Kngines — Manufacturers. 

New Albany Rail Mill Company 237 

Store Fixtures — Manufacturers. 

Padgett, W.H.& Sons 235 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, mDIANA, 



253 



W. J. HUGHES. 



C. L. HUGHES. 



M^. J- HUGHES Sc SOTT, 




"KO. e^3-E:AST-;vrAF^KET-ST.iPUI§VILLCAY- 



J 



MANUFACTURERS OF AND DEALERS IN 



DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, LUMBER, SHINGLES, LATHS AND HARDWARE, 

No. 243 3Iarket Street, Between Brook aud Floyd, 
LOUISVILLE, KY, 

TO FARMERS AND PLANTERS. 

YOUR ESPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO 

BROMOPHYTE FERTILIZER, 

MANUFACTURED BY 

DAVID DUCK WALL, 

OK TMIS CITY. 



This Fertilizer is a superior one for wheat, corn, potatoes, tobacco and all other prod- 
ucts of the farm and garden, and can not be surpassed in its enriching qualities. Bromo- 
phyte is made from human excrements thoroughly deoderized (so as not to be the least 
1)it offensive), but retains all of the ammonia and other fertilizing qualities. It is put up 
in barrels for shipment, either coarse or ground, and can be used in all ordinarj' grain 
■drills, dropped in hills, or scattered broadcast. 

Bromophyte has been analyzed by some of the leading chemists of Boston, New 
York, Washington City and Louisville, and found to be very rich in phosphorus, am- 
monia, nitrogen, potash, etc., and a single trial will convince you ot its rare merits. 

Delivered free on steamboat or at depots. For further particulars address 

DUCKWALL, TROXELL & CO., 



Or BELKNAP & COOPER, 

Corner Fifth and Main Streets. 



Fourth Avenue, 

Liouisville, Ky. 



254 



THE INDUSTRIES OP LOTJISVILLE 




Margaret Mather, Jack i La Concepcion Cigars. 

Cuban hand-made. Havana filler. Delicious aroma and pronounced 
by every smoker " par excellence." 

FOR SALE EVERYW^MERE AT 5 CENTS. 



Joseph R. Peebles' Sons' Fine Havana Cigars. 

Marcos Morales Y Ca. Cuban Hand-made Cigars. 



BOX ORDERS BY MAIL SOLICITED. TRADE PRICE LIST FURNISHED ON APPLICATION. 



ISAAC E. STARR, 



348 THIRD STREET, 



LOUISVILLE, KY. 



A 

X 

o 
ca 

< 

Y 



THE BELL (P COGGESHALL COMPANY. 



PLANING MILL, BOX FACTORY AND LUMBER YARD. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, KRAIMES, ETC. 

CORNER STORY AVENUE AND BUCHANAN STREETS, 
Telephone 12-Ring 2. LOUISVILLE, KY. 



A 

o 

> 
CO 
CD 
O 

[J3 
O 
X 

UT} 

Y 



f . F. MYER. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 
HARRY BRIDGES. 



255 



VERNON WOLFE 



MYER, BRIDGES & CO., 

— "WHOLESALE^ 

WOODENW-AHE, WiLLOWWME, 

BOVS' WAGOBiS, VCI^OCIPEDCS, 

PAPER, CORDAGK, TWINKS, Ktc. 

No. 53 f West Main Street, LOUISVILLE, KY. 



OTXaiE! JE^JEITD :BE3 



SIO-ILT- 




ARTHUR JONKS, 

Novelty Brass Foundry, 

''OLD RELIABLE." 

No. 146 Fifth Avenue, neir Main Street, Louisville, Ky. 

Brass, Copper, and White Metal Castings Made to Ordei 
on Shortest Notice. Supply of Babbitt Metal Always on 
Hand. Copper Brands a Specialty. All Work Guaranteed 
to Give Satisfaction. 



Established in 1C5C. 

JABEZ G. KIRKER 



E. BARBAROUX. 



J BARBAROUX. 



Millwright and M 



Contractor and Erector of Roller or Stone Mer- 
•ehant and Grist Mills, Distilleries, Saw Mills and 
Cement Mills. Steam Engines, Water Wheels and 
Machinery in General. 

939 & 943 N. E. Cor. Main and Tenth Sts., 

LOUISVILLE, KY. 



Louisville Machinery Depot. 

Barbaroux & Co., 

139 Third Street, 

LOUISVILLE, - KY. 



ORNAx>IElVTAL 




Iron Fencing and Railings, 



Window and 
Cellar Guards, 
Cast and MaU 
leable I ron 
Crestings for 
Mansard Roofs 
Piazzas and 
Bay Windows; 
Weather Vanes 
Finials, Etc. 



THE CELEBRATED CHAMPION IRON PUMPS. 

Also Manufacturers and Dealers in 

NEW AND SECOND-HAND MACHINERY. 



256 



THE INDUSTRIES OF 1 OUISVILLE 



TAMPLET & WASHBURNE, 

l^o. 176 SECOND STREET, I.OUISVII.I.E, KY. 

Distillers' ngeiits, BroKeis aim GommissioiUQBrGMs 



DEALERS IN 



Creamery + Butter, 

eijeese and Seijeral Dairy Supplies. 



'-^t^^lfs.''^-**^''' *'so agents for the Celebrated 

Arcadian Ideal Waukesha Watei*. 



AND ARCADIAN GINGER ALE. 



Jos. Griffith & SoNs, 




HOWARD W. HUNTER. 



5^i^l\ii\^ ^kdkle ^' ^portin^ G^ood^, 



Nos. 510 and 512 West Main Street. 
LOUISVILLJE, - - KENTUCKY. 



SEND FOR ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUES. 



H. DUNEKAKE, 

(Successor to C. Henry Finck & Co.) 
DEALER IN 



Kentucky Copper Whisky. 



170 Fourth Street. 
LOUISVILLE, - - KY. 



J. ENDERS. Established lb.54. .S. SEVERSON. 

J. ENDERS & CO. 

FIRST-CLASS 

Cai^mage Suildehs. 

230 and 234 W. Jefferson St., bet. 2d and 3d. 

219 and 221 W.Green St., bet. 2d and 3d. 
LOUISVILLE, KY. 



DEALER IN 



Fire Insurance. 

256 w. main street, 
Louisville, - - Ky. 



W. F. FREDERICK, 

(Late of Sperry, Frederick & Boweu) 

Wholesale * fMwL 

227 W. MAIN ST., LOUISVILLE, KY. 

Specialties: Butter, CheesB, Apples, Potatoes. 

Reference — Citizens' National Bank. 



REPAIRING PROMPTLY DONE. 



E. GKIPP. 



C. W. GRIPP. 



MAIN STREET MILLS. 



Lllnpii& Son,- -piers. 

328 E. Maiu, bet. Floyd & Prestou, 

LOUISVILLE, KY. 



Manufacturer of IMPROVED PATENT STEAM and 
HAND-POWER 

lUlWflilsHi 

For Distilleries, Warehouses, Stores and 
Hotels. Also 

PUMPS, BLOCKS, TRUCKS, Etc. 

Cor. Eighth and Water Sts.. Louisville, Ky. 

WRAMPELMEIER 

FDMITDRE K'G COMPANY 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

Chamber Sets, Chiffoniers and Wardrobes. 

Tables ^^ Sideboards, Hall Stands and 

Book Cases, Ash, Walnut, Cherry 

and Mahogany Mantels. 

FIFTEENTH, ROWAN ANO PORTLAND AVENUE. 

LOUISVILLE, KY. 



AND OF NEW ALBANY, INDIANA. 
T. H. Shkrlky. ESTABIISHEO 1867. 



257 
T. J. Batman. 



T. H. Sherley & Cd., 

Commission Merchants for the Purchase and Sale of 

KENTUCKY WHISKIES. 

Office and Warehouse, No. 1 14 E. Main Street. 

APPLE AND PEACH BRANDIES A SPECIALTY. 



SOLE AGENTS FOR THE DISTILLERIES OF 



E. L. MILES & CO. and THE NEW HOPE DISTILLERY CO., 

LOCATED AT NEW HOPE, KY. 



E]ST.A.BLXSI3:EiXD 1872. 



L0aisviL?i2E GeFPiN GeMPANv, 




Manufacturers of and Dealers in 



Wood and Metallic Cases andICaskets, 

cloth-covered caskets, robes, linings, and 
unoerxakers' supplies in general. 

Everything- from a Tack to a Hearse. 

LOXJISATIHiXjDB, ICY. 



Catalogues furnished to Undertakers on application. 

18 



258 



THE INDUSTRIES OF LOUISVILLE 



R. J. THORNTON. 



ESTABLISHED 1837. sam. H. Buchanan. 



R. J. THORNTON & CO., 



(Successors to HAWKINS & THORNTON , 



i KENTUCKY s| 



MusTAKD f- Spice Mills, 



Nos. 142, 144, 146 and 148 Bullitt Street, 



Ii^OCaiSWII:.!:,^, KV. 



Oar Brands of Roast Coffee, One-pound Packages : 
"GOLDEN RIO," " PEOPLE'S BRAND," "CONSOLATION CUP." 



Importers of 

Pir(E Wines 



Brandies 

OINS, Ktc. 

NATURAL MINERAL 
WATERS, Etc. 




Wholesale Dealers 
in 

Kentucky 

W|]iskiES, 

All kinds of 

NATIVE WINES and 
LIQUORS. 



No. 230 West Market Street, 
Between Second and Third, X-OXTXSTriLXjE, IC-Y". 



DISTILLERS OF CL.OVEROALE Spo R-M AS H W HISK V . 



AXD OF XKW ALBANY, INDIANA. 



259 



M. A. BL.ATZ. 



A KREBS. 



Jails City Steam Stone f Marble ICorks. 

BI:.ATZ & KHE^BS, Ppoppietops, 

OFFICE AND MILLS, South Side AValnut bet. 13th and 14th Sts. 
XiOTJISVXIliLE, 3<:y. 

DEALERS IK BUILDIKHTOKE OP PRBLE WOBR 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, 

Furniture Marble a Specialty. Floor Tiling and Plumbers' Slabs. 
HEADQUARTERS FOR TENNESSEE MARBLE. 



EAGLE BRASS V70RKS. 

FO'WrLER & CO., 

West Side Ninth Street, bet. Main and River, LOUISVILLE, KY. 

MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF 

Distillery and Water Company's Ferrules and Cocks, Fowler's Patent Beer Pumps, 
Fowler's Patent Steam Shifter, Fowler's Patent Vacuum Valves, etc. 

ALL KINDS REPAIRING, JOBBING, AND BRASS CASTINGS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. 

Railroad Brasses. Also Cannon for Campaign Purposes. 



ZEST-A-BiLiis.HEiD isea. 



Manufacturer and Dealer in 

^A^ESTERN ^ PATENT 
COMBINATION 

REFRIGERATORS. 

Nos. 1400 and 1402 Green St., Cor. 14th. 
LOUISVILLE, KY. 



liS^ Icfi Chests, Boer CoolerR, and Rofrigorators of all 

sizes and styles, made to order, enlarged, altered and 

W repaired. 

B® ■ We invite your attention to the Western it Pat- 
ent Combination Refrigerator, as it cools Water, Wine, 
Beer, Meat, Butter, etc., and saves one-half the ice and 
labor. 




260 



THK INDUSTKIKS OP LOUISVILLE 



/l\\ 



EfUfiRRVTNG 




The Elsfner Publishing Co. 

(SUCCESSORS TO J. M. ELSTNER & CO.) 

PUBLISHERS OF 

The Industries of San Francisco, California. 

The Industries of Ne-w Orleans, Louisiana. 
The Industries of St. Louis, Missouri. 

The Industries of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
The Industries of Louisville, Kentucky. 
The Industries of Buffalo, New York. 



(IN PREPARATION.) 



OFFICES : 

179 Main Street, 



BUFFALO, N. Y., 

And Room 6, S. E. Cor. Sixth and Vine Streets, 
CINCINNATI, - - OHIO. 



ESTABLISHED 1845. 



3s</S7 9 



t<^~ i 




©O STI LLCWS 

#• OF THE t- ^r RE 

OF . ^ ^^- 

THtlR EXISTENCE. 



tt^^ 



^l\ 



SEE PAGE 74-