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Full text of "Inglenook, The (1900) Vol. 2: No. 14-52"

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She is sixteen summers old to-day! 

Mark her calendar, ye who say 

That summer must have its winter, too. 

And find that it's one long summer through! 

Bird and blossom and breeze in tune; 

A summer morning, no afternoon; 

The rose in her cheek from June to June.. 

She is sixteen summers old to-day! 

There's a moon for her when the sun's away; 

There's a song that is only for her to sing; 

There's a bird that is waiting to try its wing; 

There's a beautiful world, as yet unseen, 

That is waiting for her to be its queen; — 

Time is a youth, and the years that were 

Are only just sixteen to her. 

She is sixteen summers old to-day! 

That's what her first two sweethearts say — 

IVIolher and father— and I'm afraid— 

We are all sweethearts of this sweet maid! 

Will some philosopher, now, who knows. 

Tell us the mystery of this pearl. 
Why it takes one year to perfect a rose, 

And sixteen years for a rosebud girl? 


- Wn-f^mttuUouiMMKAtrs in this issue of the paper 
an illusiiaiior K.t the l-irelluen Publishing House at 
Eljjm, Illinois, where all the printing and 
publishing of the church is done. Here 
the M,-sscngLr, the Young Disciple and all 
the literary output of the Brotherhood 
are issued. It is the home of The Ingle- 
moK. In tlie first place Elgin is quite 
" town by itself, and has a population of 
23.000. IVIost of these people are the bet- 

'er cla.,s of skilled workmen and the 
nglitesi and best side of their happy 
""-^ life is in evidence everywliere 

'l>™gho.„ the city. Two railroads, the 

^Hicago and North-VVestern and the Chi- 
go, Milwaukee and St. Paul, have neat 

the P°u T'"'''' ^'^"""^ '" 'h^ '°^vn and 
ea, it ""'^ H°"=e is so related to 

^hm that one could stand on the pave- 

ri"M,'™""°"^'°-=''her station. 
L,!' * '^'^^^™ "'^'"' I' is located 
ick n ''^•'■'^^'•^'"'"^^^"bstantial 

C:^''"'^'=''^-k with stone t„m 

open mail sacks are in place and system prevails 
here from end to end. Thousands and thousands 
of pieces of mail are put up here, sacked, and 
started on their way over hill and dale, under the 
mountain, across the river till it reaches you in your 
home. The room to the right on the second floor 
IS where the bookkeeper presides. Here the record 
of the business is kept and it is a marvel that so 
few mistakes are made considering the volume and 
extent of the business transacted. 

Going on up the second flight of stairs we reach 
the editorial rooms. The top window to the right 
lets the light in on the Editor of the Messenger. 
Here he sits and wrestles with manuscript and let- 
ter, making the Messenger from week to week, 
preaching as does every contributor to its columns,' 
to at least 50,000 people. What an army of the 
Lord there would be if we were all together. Just 
back of the Editor's room is the Associate Editor's 
apartment. Here crooked matters are straight- 
ened out and everything is correctly prepared for 
the compositors. A very important desk, this, 
where every error is ruthlessly hunted down and 
cast out. Still further back final 
and a clean sheet assured. 

Over to the left, the uppermost left hand corner 
room, is the meeting place of the General IWission- 
ary Committee and as they meet only a few days 
in the )ear it is occupied as the home of The Ingle. 

revision is made 

where the pick and click of type goes on all day 
long and the heavy forms are sent down to the 
press-room by an elevator, the "lift," the English 
would call it. From top to bottom of the building 
■ s a fire-proof vault where all the valuable plates 
etc., are stored, and into this vault doors open froij/ 
every floor into separated, fireproof, little room's 
Built expressly for the work the whole building is 
first class throughout, without a touch of the use- 
less, solid, substantial, and likely to be here when 
we have all left our earthly Ingleside. 
« « a 
The boys and girls who read this number of The 
INGLENOOK are requested to especially note the se- 
ries of articles, begun in this issue, telling about the 
various callings in life and how to master them. 
Every one of them will be written by a successful 
member of his profession. 

The Editor would be very much pleased to have 
every reader of this number of the new paper write 
him here at the office, either making suggestions for 
the improvement of the publication or asking ques- 
tions, the answers to which will be of general inter- 

» » » 




p us, 

'^s "lay be seen in the picture. 
;;^'"y solid looking building. 

«'«'^r'si°dr"T-^'' """ " "" "°' ^^ t>"'l' i" °" 
'"fvervn, I "'* ""^ wasSi;,ooo. This belongs 

Ik'ni; not"! °^ ""= '^'""■'^'^ ^'ike and is some 
t- "°' lo he ashamed of 



Senient i 

The inside detail of 


thoroughly practical and the whole 
"tility." ' '^''"s'™':'ed with reference to practical 

•"'pel whe ^™"' ™°'" '° ""-■ ''^" '^ ""= ''"'*= 

'''"ofarh"' f "'^^ ar': held by the Brethren in 

right T ^" '° ^^ ''"'"■ ■^'1'= ''"' '°°"' °" 
ltrpi„.' "^yo" enter is that of the Manager, 
rhted, comfortable room sits the 
the general interests of the busi- 
■"'ers of outlay, variat 

■■•fc in 
""^ *ho 
■^^^ M, 
''Oline an I 1. •" ■"'""'" 

■n. H= , employment of h. 

"'ck of th 




hese front 

ion from any set 
Ip come before 
rooms, on the lowest 
l^^_^^ press room, where the clamp and clack 
"shied , -.u''*'^ '"'"■'" °^ '> ^heet, each time, 
up St "^'^ 'h^ght of the Brotherhood. 
's «h ■ ^"^* '° ""^ second floor the room to the 
"^'■e the mailing is done. Rows of wide 

! NOOK. Let us glance around this room and get an 
idea of all the others. It is pure, clean white as to 
wall and ceiling, and a dado of light green runs 
around the room. The floor is of oiled pine, the 
long table of oak and on the south side is an open 
fireplace,— the Inglenook of the Editor. There is 
also steam heat all through the building, but the 
Inglenook can be warmed and lit up any dav when 
it is too near a warm day to get up steam in the 
basement boilers. B)- the way the word " Ingle- 
nook " means fireside or chimney corner. Look at j 
our heading and see the Ingi.knook and its readers. 
The editor of Inglenook sits at the tabi 

paper want.>i a motto to be used right ij«ttr_ 
ading. Jt must be short, just one line, strik- 
ing, and in keeping with the spirit of the 
publication. Send us a motto. We are 
all at sea about what we want, 

» • » 
Inglenook is defined by Webster ,1= 
meaning the chimney corner. It was a 
cold day when the artist made that fire in 
the heading. Think of it when you are 
reading the paper under the apple trees 
ne.xt August. 

* * " 
This paper will be sent free for a year 
to the one first correctly guessing the 
original of the picture of the man in the 
heading reading the Messenger. Doesn't 
he look like somebody you know? 
» • » 
The girls on the farm have been neg- 
lected too long, and The Inglenook has 
in mind certain articles that will tell how 

I money may be honestly made in little 

known channels. 

« « « 
If our boys and girls will write us about the 
strange or unusual things coming under their notice 
we will fix them up for print, and it will please thou- 
sands of our readers. 

* ■ « 
Di;ring the year a writer who has been there will 
tell The Inglenook folk just how it looks in the 
crater of the volcano of I'opocatapetl. A lot of 
people live there. 

» » • 

You can't afford to be without the new paper you 
have in your hand. There's going to be too many 

DK sits at the table gener- , „ . . , ., ," ** 

ally, but sometimes he sits by the Ingleside in the | ^""^ """''" ""''^^ '^ ^°'' "'^S'"' "' 
office and here is where he will read your letter and 
bless you if you write him cheering words and 
thank you if you tell him how to improve the pa- 
per. He is an impersonal, hard to find individual, 
no longer young, but with a heart that goes out to 
every boy and girl in the land. Don't be afraid to 
write to the Editor of the Inglenook. 

On the third floor back is the composing room 

9 9 9 
Who said cookery? A professional chef, which 
means an educated cook, will tell just how the busi- 
ness is learned. 


Ignorance is not bliss and wisdom is not folly. 
Neither is advisable when the preventive costs 
only fifty cents to the end of this year. 


»»» THE » INGLENOOK » » » 

^ Correspondence "^ 


fly Oni of tlf /iij!/tif>oi Staff. 


One can walk right out of the back door of the 
iNGLENOOK ofllce to a railroad station, and .f he 
happens just on the moment he can take the train 
for ChicaRo. In about an hour he is there from 
Elgin, but it would puz/le an older man than the 
writer to tell where the city begins. It is town and 
town for miles and miles before the heart of the 
city is reached, and it is this way in every direction. 
Chicago is a very large city, and there is apparently 
no beginning or ending to it. It is one house after 
another, then more houses, and then lots of them. 
Most of these outlying residences are of the tem- 
porary character that will give place after while to 
more substantial buildings, and if the town grows 
on at the present rate there is no telling where it 
will stop. Of course there is a limit, but it does not 
seem to be in sight. When one is sure enough in 
•he city of Chicago he sees something of the im- 
mense numbers of people who live, in the munici- 
pality. Some of the principal streets are very 
beautiful, and the better residence portions show all 
that wealth and culture can do. On certain streets, 
about tK< time the offices and shops close, the 
stream of \umanity is something wonderful. It all 
apparently (lets >n one direction, running like 
man mill raie making for the several railroad sta- 
tions to take the suburban trains homeward. Thou- 
sands are sweeping onward, some of them running 
to possibly catch the first train out, and others more 
leisurely, but all bent homeward. In the morning 
the stream sets the other way, and so it goes on, 
year in and year out. 

Chicago is Chicago, and always will be Chicago, 
Look on the map, and you will see that it is a sort 
of geographical center, and that there are many 
railroads running to and from it, thus making it a 
distributing point for a very large section of coun- 
try. Here is the rule. Great businesses seek great 
centers because of the extra facilities offered for 
^"nc"ntr;Mion and distribution. And as all great 
enterprises employ many people, hence the crowds. 
Let us not stay ton long in Chicago, though there is 
much to see and learn here, but let us run over to 
St. Louis. There is and always has been a great 
deal of rivalry between certain cities, and none has 
been more marked than that of Chicago and St. 

Now it .so happens that we will take the Illinois 
Central railroad from the city on the lake to the 
one on the ri\er. This road's best trains between 
the great cities, like those of all other roads, leave 
at night, as near as may be, and arrive in daytime. 
The reason for this is that it is intended to allow 
people to do their traveling by night and thus let 
them have the day to attend to their business. The 
distance between the two cities by the Illinois Cen- 
tral is a shade under three hundred miles, and 
leaving about nine o'clock in the evening will put us 
in St. Louis about seven in the morning. 

Like Chicago St. Louis is built on comparatively 
level ground, and it is an entirely different sort of 
city. There is not the rush and bustle of the Lake 
City, but there is a vast amount of business done 
there all the same. Now if you consult the map 
you will see that St. Louis is a sort of distributing 
center for the middle west and a considerable part 
of the South. There are some beautiful places in 
and about the city, but we can't stop to go to the 
botanical gardens, the parks, and the public build- 
ings. The best we can do is to board the cars and 
run out to the limits and note that apparently St. 
Louis is a more substantially built-up place than 
Chicago, and that there are some very beautiful 
residence quarters. If your eyes are good you will 
see that here is a considerable difference between 
the character of the people one sees on the whole. 
At first look they seem alike, but remembering the 
map is it not true that the people most likely to 
come to St. Louis are from a different section from 
those most likely to go to Chicago? What this 
difference is may be hard to define, but it exists. 
The station at .St. Louis is regarded as a wonder, 
but it is really not much more than the Illinois 
Central in Chicago that we left last night. Now we 
are going over to Kansas City, which, like St. Louis, 
is in the State of Missouri, but is also as far away 

from it as it can well get. We will go down to the 
big station and take the Missouri Pacific Railway. 
By the schedule if we leave at eight o'clock in the 
evening we will land in Kansas City in the early 
morning, having gone over about two hundred and 
eighty-three miles in the trip. If Chicago and St. 
Louis are built on level ground Kansas City makes 
up for it. First there is a river that part of the year 
is a real river, and then in a dry time goes out of 
business, and then there are the bottoms, so-called, 
all covered with railroads and manufacturing estab- 
lishments, and a splendid farm or two was spoiled 
when the city took root there, and then the hill 
country back of it, and the real Kansas City is built 
on these hills. It is hill up and hill down nearly all 
over the town, and some of them are so steep that 
if you lose your footing at the top you will take a 
slide that will astonish you. 

Kansas City is a very different place from the 
other cities behind us, for it has a decidedly differ- 
ent constituency to draw from. It is a great cattle 
center, and there are stockyards and packing 
establishments on the bottoms that are not much 
surpassed anywhere, if they are at all. Here the 
western cattle man is to be found, and the town is 
a great railroad center, being one of the two great 
gateways to the west. Omaha is the other. If we 
look up on the hill we may see a car creeping up 
an incline that looks decidedly dangerous, but 
really is very safe, that is, it is rarely that things 
break loose and go to the bottom in a heap. Or 
we can go up several roundabout ways, and get to 
the city above us. Here there is a great deal of 
bustle, and much business done. On the outside 
edge of town there is a very beautiful residence 
quarter, where those who have made money have 
built homes. People are in a hurry in Kansas City. 
Everybody is going some place, and is in a hurry 
about it. Here cattle occupy the first place, and 
down on the bottoms the big Armour Packing Com- 
pany brings no end of them to meat each minute. 
For some reason Kansas City is apt to make one 
tired, and we will take the Missouri Pacific again in 
the evening and land early in the morning at Oma- 
ha after about two hundred miles of a night ride. 

Omehi 'S in Nebraska, aid is the other gatew«»^y- 
to the west. That is, nearly all of the great rail- 
roads to the west cross at these two cities, Omaha 
and Kansas City. Omaha is an Indian name, and 
the city is very different from all the others we 
have seen. It is rather a cleaner and a better 
city, but you must not tell anybody in the other 
places that I said so. This is confidential, as they 
would be sure to say that I didn't know what I was 
talking about. But I'll leave it to you whether 
things are not cleaner and quieter than at the other 
places. There is also a great deal of business done 
here. Nebraska is a great State, and Omaha is the 
commercial center, the distributing point. Peo- 
ple in Omaha are not in such a hurry to go 
some place, and there is more quietness to it, and 
that commends it to quiet people. Do not think 
there is no business done here, for there is, only 
they seem to get at it differently. Down in South 
Omaha are the great packing houses, for the Ne- 
braska stock, and there is a big smelter in sight 
where they smelt gold and silver, and it is a wonder 
to see. But we can't see everything at once, and 
we will take the night train over the Chicago and 
North-Western Railway for the starting point, and 
after about five hundred miles of night flying arrive 
right side up at the Windy City on the Lake, and 
in a short time we will be off at the station that is 
just at the rear of the Brethren Publishing House, 
and we will walk right through the composing room 
into the F^ditorial sanctum of Inglenook after be- 
ing four nights on the road, seeing four great cities, 
and being so sleepy that y'ou "can hardly keep 
your eyes open." But before )ou go to bed look 
out of the window and see the Elgin watch works. 
Would you like to go over and see how the)- turn 
out two thousand good watches every dayr Well, 
— but that is another story later. 

record save their monuments and, in pl^r 
mound cities or towns. ' "^if 

Our young readers should remember that th 
absolutely nothing certain about these peo ."^^ 

so that we can intelligently read it. 

Book aft 
book has been written, and they vary wid I 
their theories and conjectures as to who, wh / '" 
where these people cam^ and went. ' Xh '"^ 
nothing certain about it and the situation is ' '! 
that each year makes it less likely that we *" 
will know. ^r 

As said before, the red men we know a great d 
about, especially their extinction. But before th 
were the Mound Builders, a people who built < "" 
mounds, fortifications, etc., with heaped-up e,T a' 
and of these next to nothing is known. All ii, 
we may be sure of is that they came before o" 
Indians in the occupancy of the soil. They u. 
fanners in a sort of way, hunters, of course, but tli 
fact that so many of them evidently huddled 
gelher in towns or communities made it necessar 
that some of them, at least, worked the soil 

Out in the West in the Arizona country, anothe 
class of people lived, called the Pueblos, and one of 
these Mound towns is called a Pueblo. Xhcs 
words are from the Spanish, and pueblo is a town 
and the Pueblo Indians are only town Indians, and 
a pueblo a town. These people were also agricul- 
tural in their work, clearly so, as charred and age- 
old remains of corn go to show. 

Then there are the Cliff Dwellers, an entirely dis- 
tinct class of people. The facts probably are that 
these Pueblo Indians and Cliff Dwellers were the 
same originally, but when the wild men of the 
North came down on the town Indians of the South 
and harried them they took to scaling the tremen- 
dous precipices and cliffs and on a projecting shelf 
of rock, or in a cove-like recess they built their 
towns, or rather their collection of houses. They 
farmed the valleys, stored their grain where their 
houses were and were practically sate as long 
as food and water held out. Some of these clifi 
houses are hundreds of feet in the air, and remind 
one more of a nest of human swallows with their 

houses stuck on the side of th e hrll TJi^ _ agge/?U g 

them is usually a very abrupt hillsidt^-httle notches 
are cut in the rock for a foothold, and sometimes a 
narrow ledge sticking out over a couple of hundred 
feet of nothing is reached and on this they, or any- 
body else who wanted to get to the town had lo 
"coon it" along on hands and knees, on a shell 
about two feet wide and overhanging the abyss. 
There a ledge may be reached that actually over- 
hangs all, and this is reached by a ladder leanm; 
outward and by this means the shelf half way up 
the tremendous hill is reached, on which the town 
is built. They were safe enough up there as long 
as the food held out, but in the end they disap- 
peared,— how and where, who knows? 

Then down in Mexico are the ruins of an entirely 
different and more advanced class of people »ho 
built cities such as we occupy. They have <li"P' 
peared off the face of the earth, and not even" 
reasonable story is left us as to who and what lti>> 
were and what overtook them. 


In a new book just published about the Trans» 

good stories are told concerning '" 

of them about Oo» 

some rather 

Boers, and here are 


Paul: "A few years ago he was indued 

to lake pJ" 


NoTlllNn is of more interest than the study of a 
nation or a people that has passed away. The red 
Indian is a case in point, and the causes that led to 
his extinction we know all about. But before the 
red man occupied the country several other distinct 
races of people came and passed away, leaving no 

in the opening ceremonies at a Jewish 5>'"''8°8jjj 
On entering and taking his place he ■'e""''' ^, 
hat, paying no heed whatever to the sugges^i^^^. 
his secretary, who explained 'he Jewish cus^^^^^ 
covering the head. When the time came ^^^^^ 
President's address he said a few *""■' '.'"' .|,„5. 
and amazed his congregation by '=°."' ^ '^3„,eol 
'I now declare this synagogue open Ml the ■ ^^ 
Our Lord Jesus Christ!' On another o ^^-^^^^ 
shortly after he had presented on "^^"'^ ,|„„ciJ 
State a piece of land (an erf) for the bui ^^^^^^ 
Dutch Reform church, an influential Jew "^ ,|„ii 
similar request on behalf of a Jewish cong ^^^^^^ 
The President promised to consider p^^j^uJit 
and soon after announced that he '';"'? ||„, * 
His Jewish friend, however, complaine ^^^^^^ 
piece of land that they received was on y ^^^^^ 
size of that given for the Dutch R-^'"' ,o« " 
'Well,' retorted Kruger, ' what fault '"^ gjii" 
find? They believe the whole Bible, so . ^i 

j erf; you only believe half the Bible, an 
1 half an erf.' " 

*** THE » INGLENOOK » » » 

^^ flatupe ss^ Study -^ 



every reader knows about goldfish in a 

'''"' Uort of way, and all have admired their bril- 

^'""^ Lrs and graceful movements. Few, how- 

'''"' i°nw much about the methods of breeding 

Th, production of the supply necessary to meet 
.-•deniand of the market is limited to a few breed. 
ers who have 

I, riemand of the marKei .s lu.iueu uu » .=„ u.ccu- 
...hnhave the natural conditions of water and lo- 
"nmediately at hand. The yearly expendi- 
nected with the business is over a million of 

literature goldfish are first mentioned in the 
bian Nights, but in China and Japan they have 
Jen raised and kii^Jt as household pets for ages, 
H it is from these countries that all the new varie- 
'" are imported. There are many different-named 
kinds some of therti with very beautiful markings. 
bit when the breeding of these is attempted in this 
ntrv 'hey all run out into a common American 
type, that usually seen in aquaria. In the far East 
all classes and conditions, socially, keep these fish 
J household pets and ornaments. The Chinese 
mandarin and common laborer may be seen side by 
side in the markets selecting their (ish for the orna- 
mentation of their homes. The use of them for 
household purposes in European countries is much 
more extensive than with us, though the increased 
production and demand for them here goes to show 
a growing interest in the colored beauties. 

The fish belongs to the carp family, and is known 
in science as the Carassitts auraj7is. It is a some- 
what remarkable fact that they will vary in their 
markings, their size, and almost every other charac- 
teristic, although they may all belong to one com- 
mon family, having the same parents. Why this 
should be the case is not very well understood, but 
nothing is truer than that a common hatch should 
haye individuals of widely vaiying sizes and mark- 
in-js rtnt ni the. ordinary ■ 

They are very hardy, and thrive in places that 
would be fatal to other fish. As a rule they do 
best in a shallow pond of clear water fully exposed 
to the sun, so that it can be kept warm, though 
some shade is desirable. Where they are propagat- 
ed for the markets there is usually a system of 
ponds or canals so arranged that the water can be 
let in and out at will, and the depth is graduated to 
the size of the fish. When everything is ready the 
large-sized breeding fish, purchased from some 
dealer for the purpose, are put in the water in the 
early spring months. These " breeders," as they 
are called, cost about fifty cents apiece, and it does 
not seem to make much difference whether a fish is 
large or small, young or old, as far as its egg laying 
capacity is concerned, though of course, a large fish 
will deposit more eggs than a small one. A fish an 
'»<:li long, and less than a year old, will lay eggs 
'nat will hatch as well as one a foot long and twenty 
Kars old, the only difference being in the amount 
aid number of the hatch. The eggs are about the 
size of a pinhead, sometimes translucent, and fre- 
quently of a brilliant yellow color. It is a mooted 
point whether the colors of the eggs indicate the 
[° °" °' "'e fish, though that such is the case is ex- 
jeinely probable. It takes from two days to a 
,"_'"'■ "i« eggs to hatch out, dependent on the 
exposure to the light, etc. In the 



2 ponds thi 


*"<i often th 

e eggs are attached to the vege- 

growth allowed in the pond for the purpose, 
e propagator ties up a bundle of fine 

pQjjj'.^^^'es, orthe like, and anchors them in the 
"1 such a way that he can readily pull them 
"P by a string. 

su^J^'j'^.'^^PPea that the little fish will at once as- 
very^ ^^"" colors, but as a rule they are at first a sil- 

•"^nilf^^^'" ^°'°'^' ^""^ '* usually takes about a 
of ti^^ ^'' ^'^ weeks for them to turn to gold. Some 
know ^ "^ ;"*"g'^ into a silver color, and these are 
assuu" ^^ ^''^^^*i=*'^. while others of the same hatch 
P^arlfi 1^ ^'stinct pearly hue, and are known as 
i the^'' ^'^^ ^^'"'y surroundings of the little fish 
o\erha ^^ ^^ ^'^'"" ^^"^P^"'^^"'"^ of the water, the 
*>ther c^^' r^- ^'^^'^^' '^^^P'^'^ o^ water and perhaps 
'^"■niini^" ^''""^ ^'^ '^'^° considerable factors in de- 
air bre"5 *^^ "markings of the hatch. The open 
'"& of the finer varieties of Japanese and 

Chinese imported fish is certain to result in a rever- 
sion to the common American type of goldfish. 

Where -the conditions are favorable, that is to say, 
where there is an open pond of clear water, shallow 
enough to be warmed by the sun, a dozen " breed- 
ers" may lay eggs enough to produce from 
five thousand to ten thousand fish, and some of 
them may grow six inches long in six months, while 
for some unknown reasons there will be those not 
more than an inch or two in length. These smaller 
ones are just as healthy as their larger brothers and 
sisters, and are more desirable than the large ones 
for the small aquarium. When in the egg and 
earlier infancy, they are the prey of every enemy 
large enough to master them. They have neither 
the strength nor the craft to get away from their 
foes. They are like all the carp family to which 
they belong, bottom feeders, and they readily fall a 
prey to snakes, muskrats, turtles, the larvae of water 
insects, while the young of the dragon fly, or 
"snakefeeder," so called, is especially destructive. 

It is often the case that the young fish escape in 
some way to adjacent running water, but they never 
increase to any great extent in their new-found free- 
dom when removed from the care and protection of 
man. The main reason for this is the fact of their 
comparative helplessness and inability to protect 
themselves. In fact, their survival at all under such 
circumstances is a matter of wonder. In a few coun- 
tries they are used for food, but they cannot be said 
to excel for this purpose, indeed they would hardly 
be regarded as a fit food fish at all with the people 
who had the ordinary food fish at hands. They are 
full of bones, and have the muddy taste incident to 
bottom-feeding pond fish. 

A very beautiful experiment, and an easy one, is 
hatching the fish in a house. All that is necessary 
is to get from some breeder a twig or spear of grass 
on which the eggs are deposited. Placing this in a 
tumbler full of rain water, pure and clear, and put- 
ting it in a warm window where the sun can fall on 
it, in a day or so every one of them will hatch out — 
helpless little things, about a quarter of an inch in 
length, and it is only necessary to shift them into a 
larger vessel, a half-gallon fruit jar answering very 
well, and their whole life history goes on right be 
fore the eyes of the family. Under intelligently 
provided conditions they will thrive well, and grow 
rapidly, and m the properly arranged aquarium they 
will 'breed as well as in a large pond. 

The poorest kinds of aquaria are the common 
globular ones, in which the fish swim about aimless 
ly, striving to escape and requiring a frequent 
change of water. The rectangular ones are better, 
but they are expensive, and are apt to become 
leaky. In the writer's experience there is nothing 
better than an ordinary wash tub, or even a wooden 
candy bucket, and either one properly arranged will 
answer every purpose excellently. On the outside 
may be tacked long pieces of rough bark, bradded 
on, up and down, giving it a rustic appearance, and 
then place it on a low support in a window through 
which the sun shines. The interior arrangement of 
the aquarium may be as follows: in the bottom of 
the tub put three or four inches of pond mud, on 
this an inch of gravel, and over this an inch of sil- 
ver sand. Now get some water plants, and care- 
fully plant them in the mud. There are plants sold 
by the fish and bird stores purposely for this, but 
any country boy or girl can readily get all that are 
required along the edge of any running stream. 
There should not be too many of them, and after 
they are properly planted all that remains is to fill 
up the tub carefully with water fit for drinking pur- 
poses, not forgetting to add a pinch of salt, about 
halt of what would lie on a nickel. It is then ready 
for the fish, and they will manifest their delight in 
many ways, one of which will be rooting in the mud 
at the bottom if the sand and gravel are not so ar- 
ranged to prevent them. In an aquarium such as I 
have described, the water need not be changed for 
a long time, not more than two or three times a 

It will add to the interest to place in the water a 
lot of snails, or other water denizens, being careful 
not to introduce anything destructive to the fish. 
The utmost care must be taken in the matter of 
food. The most that will be required is a little pre- 
pared fish food, and then only what will be eaten. 
Bread crumbs, not baker's bread, but home-made, a 
little raw meat scraped down, and a very little, not 
more than a mouthful apiece, at rare intervals, will 

do very well, and a pinch of raw oatmeal will carry 
them through. No food given them must be al- 
lowed to remain and foul the water. Overfeeding 
has killed more aquarium fish than any other cause. 
In fact, in a well regulated aquarium, with aquatic 
plants growing therein the fish will do well without 
any food at all from the outside, but they will grow 
faster if fed intelligently. 
Lewisburgh, Pa. 


It is a little hard for most people to understand 
why some persons are not satisfied with themselves 
as God made them, but the facts are that a good 
many are not, and there are so-called beauty factor- 
ies where large ears may be lessened, crooked noses 
straightened, etc. From Everybody's Magazine we 
extract the account of how dimples are made at the 

"To show how a dimple is made in a cheek I was 
admitted to the room where a young woman ol 
nineteen was desirous of being so adorned. The 
patient did not strike me as needing any dimple to 
make her worthy of the title of 'beautiful,' and so 
I whispered to the surgeon. His reply was that he 
thought as I did, ' but she is so elated over the 
way I made her naturally large ears small that she 
wants me to go a step further.' By the way, I was 
allowed by the patient to examine her ears, but I 
could find no trace of the surgeon's slashings. 

"When the chair had been adjusted the surgeon 
gave the woman a hand-mirror, telling her to look 
into it and smile her very sweetest. As she was 
carrying out his orders, the surgeon marked a spot 
in her cheek, gave her some anesthetic, and in a 
few minutes she was unconscious. He then took 
up a small, narrow-bladed knife, and made a short, 
straight incision through the skin. He folded back 
the skin on both sides, and then removed a slight 
elliptical section of the flesh. The assistant next 
sprayed the wound with an antiseptic — to prevent 
inflammation, the surgeon remarked — after which 
the edges of the skin were drawn together and 
sewed up. I was told that the o peration was then 

'"The wound will heal in a few days,' said the 
surgeon, 'and at the end of that time the patient 
will return to me and I will remove the slight scar 
by electricity. There will then be not the least 
trace of the knife, and she will have as pretty a 
dimple as can be found in a day's walk. 

" "There are other methods I use to make dimples,' 
he continued. 'I select my method according to 
the sort of patient and the size of the dimple de- 
sired. Sometimes I insert an electric needle under 
the skin in order to destroy the tissue with which it 
conies in contat. In the healing the lower layer 
shrinks. This leaves a hollow, and the hollow is a 
dimple. A much more usual method than this, 
however, is where the electrical application is made 
on the inside of the mouth, which thus destroys 
some of the tissues in the lining of the mouth. 
After the wound heals there is no possibility of a 
scar when this method is used, but there is some 
temporary discomfort to the patient until the 
wound heals up." " 

The curiosity of the tongue does not cause the 
human being so much trouble as the curiosity of 
the eye. But the tongue within its limits is the 
most curious of all. 

Let the dentist make a change in the mouth; let 
him remove a tooth or replace with his admirable 
artifice one that has long been absent: let him 
change the form of a tooth by rounding off a corner 
or building up a cavity, and see what the tongue 
will do! It will search out that place, taking care- 
ful and minute account of the change. Then it will 
linger near the place. If it is called to other duties 
it will come back as soon as they are discharged 
and feel the changed place all over again, as if it 
had not explored and rummaged there already. 

It makes no difference that these repeated investi- 
gations presently cause annoyance to its supposed 
master, the man; the tongue in nothing more than 
in this affair proves that it is an unruly member and 
will not be controlled. It seems to have an origi- 
nal will and consciousness of its own, and nothing will 
serve except the fullest satisfaction of its curiosity. 
It will wear itself out, perhaps, but it will find out 
all about the strange change. 


»•» THE » TXGLEXOOK » » » 


Al M and »4 South stale Slieet. F.lgln. Illitioi!. Prire. Si.oo » year- It is 
• hiBh grade paper lot hiEli siade boys and Eirli "l>o lo"e Rood ceadlnu. 
l>iOl«NoOK »ai.ts cor.lribulit.ns. bright, well »rilten and ol general .ntere.l 
No love stories or anv with killing or cruelly In them will be considered. II 
yon want your articles returned, il not available, send .lamped and ad- 
dieued envelope. Send subBCiiplloos. articles and everything intended lor 
Thb iNtiLHSooK. to Ihc following addrcss; 

Brethren PwBLisHiNC House, Elgin. Illinois. 


Ueak boys and girls, and older people, Ihoiigh 
grownups arc but children grown tall, the Pilol \s 
about to start on a new order al things. Hereto- 
fore we have been having a very good paper of its 
kind, but it is intended to improve it in several 
ways thiit will appear as we go along. There are 
two classes of people we want to talk to in the start 
and one of these comprises the boys and girls of 
the church, the other the parents. 

Now the boys and girls, who are healthy in body 
,ind naturally youthful in mind, look at things 
through very different eyes compared with the 
parents who arc older, a good many of whom have 
forgotten that they were ever children themselves. 
It is very hard for a grown man or woman to under- 
stand the tastes of childhood. It is incomprehen- 
sible why a boy should want to fill himself with 
little green apples, but that is what he does if he 
gets the chance, while the man of fifty shudders at 
the thought. Yet the man felt and acted just like 
the boy when he was of the same age. Only he 
has forgotten it now. When it comes to mental 
food the boy naturally takes to the Indian killer's 
story or the detective's tale,— green apples again. 
Many a boy and girl has hidden the forbidden book 
in a safe place. It is the substitution of better 

uieutal food than the natural one of boys and girls 

that the Inglenook seeks. Now the man cuts the 
vVhole matter short by telling the boy to read the 
Bible. Which is very good advice, but impractica- 
ble, the way the youth is constituted- Give him 
time and his natural road to it and in the end he 
may know more about it than his father. 

The facts are that every boy and girl cannot be 
made to believe he likes that which he does not 
like. The parent may be talked into endorsing a 
thing in which he disbelieves, but the boy cannot 
be made to say or use what he does not find of real 
interest to him, and not comporting W'ith his ideas 
of life as things appear to him. 

Now there is one thing that may be done, and 
that is to present to the normally constituted boy 
and girl of the church the very best that there is of 
the life in which they love to dwell, and leading up 
to better things. The pill of a moral concealed in 
the jelly of adventure is a great deal better than 
little green apples or rotten ones, either. The field 
of literature is the only one in which the values are 
true, and the laurels gathered in all men's view, 
and no department of it has of recent years more 
engaged the attention of the smartest men in the 
world than the intellectual bill of fare to be placed 
before children. 

For all young people life is ahead of them. 
They dream of what they are going to do when 
they are grown up, and oftener than not it never 
comes to pass. The older reader will remember 
how hastily we mounted, how madly we rode, and 
in vain. 

Take a boy into a magnificent art gallery. I*aint- 
ings of world-wide repute hang oii the walls, costly 
marbles stand in graceful pose in the corners, but 
he knows nothing about them, and prefers the cry- 
ing colors of the flaniing circus poster to all of it. 
But explain to him intelligently the story of The 
Meeting of Cortez and Montezuma, or point out 
the matchless beauty of the Veiled Nun, done in 
Carrara's whitest stone, and he will see the glaring- 
ness of the show printing and the rude carving of 
the Indian fronting the cigar store. Remembering 

that the pictures on the mind of youth last the long- 
est of all, let memory's hall be hung with the fairest 
of earth. This the In(;i.en<>ok will try to do. 
Give the paper to the boys and girls, and you can 
not do this unless you also give the boys and girls 
to the paper, and we will do our best to send them 
forth with singing hearts and high endeavor. 


The experiment of IJr. Sheldon, of Topeka, Kans., 
in editing a newspaper " as Jesus would do," has 
been concluded and now criticism is in order. As 
our readers may, or may not know, a daily news- 
pai>er, the Topeka Citpilal, was turned over to Dr. 
Sheldon to run for a week, making it a paper such 
as it was supi!)osed Jesus would have edited. The 
project was widely advertised and much comment 
was indulged in by the secular press. It was all 
done fairly, though, and the result is now being dis- 

The increase of circulation was something enor- 
mous for the time being, a week, and the readers 
mounted into the hundreds of thousands. It would 
look very much like an advertising scheme, and it 
certainly was profitable to the owners of the paper. 
It does not appear that Dr. Sheldon profited by 
the venture, and none have claimed that he was a 
beneficiary in a money way. 

The object in making the effort was to put before 
the public a religious daily that would be a news- 
paper from a Christian point of \'iew, suppressing 
much that IS evil in print, or the record of evil, and 
having Christian matter and comment instead. 
The result seems to have been very unsatisfactory 
to the majority of the readers of the paper. 

In the first place it was not a newspaper in the 
sense of giving the news. Much of what is im- 
portant in the day's happening throughout the 
world was omitted, and what was given was cut and 
condensed till the prime object of a newspaper was 
badly obscured or lost. What was substituted in a 
religious way was only what any reader may get in 
better quality and greater quantity in any religious 
publication in good standing. On the whole, the 
project, while not a failure, seems to have been gen- 
erally unsatisfactory. 

The reasons are not far to seek or find. In the 
first place if Jesus were on earth he would not be 
editing a daily paper in Kansas, and if he took to 
print, which he did not do when he was on earth, 
he would deal with principles and basic truths and 
not with running comments on a part of the world's 

Then, how does Dr. Sheldon, or anybody else, 
know how Jesus would have edited a paper? All 
that can be done is to say what the editor thought 
Jesus would have said under the circumstances. I 
That the undertaking would be a practical failure 
was freely predicted by newspaper men. It is 
pretty well settled that people should confine their 
teaching within the limitations of their calling. 
The man with a watch that does not run well would 
hardly take it to a cobbler for repairs, nor would 
broken shoes be taken to a jeweler for mending. 
The highest teaching of Christian ethics is found, 
not in the columns of a newspaper, but in the lives 
of the best people in Christian ranks. One is 
bought, skimmed and forgotten. The other is en- 
forced, impressed and remembered. Religious 
papers so ably fill the field that any combination of 
church and secular affairs is sure to be unsatisfac- 
tory to both sides. 

tween the sexes? No, not that, is jt ^■^^ 
the parent for the child? Not that either^ ul°' 
is it then? If instead of the word love, in th 
ter, we substitute the phrase " kindliness of f' p ^''" 
we will have the idea meant to be conveyed" 1«^ 
if you read the chapter, with this phrase i 
place of the word chaiity you will g^t ,-, „^| " ""^ 
ing out of it. ' " """■ 

Now can we have the same kindliness of f i- 
for everybody,— in other words can we \o^ '"^ 
alike? I think not. Christ had his best biT ^" 
and so we have, and in doing so we violate noCr'^"' 
tian principle. What we can have is a kind feeij'* 
toward everybody, helping them if it comes '"^ 
way to do so. Whoever does this takes a lonrr T' 
toward the kingdom. ^1' 

He who treasures up a wrong and seeks rev- 
invites destruction on himself, for Christ savs th 
if we do not forgive we shall not be forgiven n' 
the other hand he who loves most is best belo 
by the Master. Therefore, cultivate the love hab 
till it becomes a second nature, and many ofik, 
other requirements of a Christian life will fo|| 
easily. Love will pay your way into heaven, and ii 
is all that will. 

A GOOD many Messenger readers will get this issue 
of The Inglenook. It is sent them as a sample of 
what the paper is to be like. It takes the place o( 
the Pilot, and all the subscribers of the Pilol will gel 
this paper all the same. But A good many people 
will see it for the first time, and the question ii- 
What are you going to do about it? We want to 
have it in every family in the church, and if you 
look it over carefully you will see that it is a vcr\ 
good paper, at least we think so, and we want you 
to do the same. While it is intended ostensibly 
for the young folks, it is also readable for the older 
members of the family. This number is a sample 
of all that will follow, and you want to have it come 
to you regularly. Have you a boy or girl? Tlicy 
want it, and it is your duty to get it for them. 
Have you a young heart yourself? Then you will 
want to see what is so satisfactory to the young 
people. Maybe you have a little friend someivhere 
who would'likc it, but'Vho is ffot able t'o'suoscribe! 
You can order it for such. You should not miss a 
number, and in order not to do that send in your 
subscription to-day. It is your paper, the church's 
paper, and you want to take interest in it to the ex- 
tent of helping extend its circulation. Then it is a 
paper that is well worth the money. Some of the 
brightest writers in the world will be found repre- 
sented in its columns. Arrangements have been 
made for a bill of fare that will keep the children 
out of mischief every week, and you will want to 
read it yourself, no matter how non-committal you 
may seem over it. We will send it to the order of 
any Messenger reader to the end of the present yea' 
for 50 cents, and this for the purpose of introducins 
the paper to homes where it is not yet known. At 
these rates there can be no reduction in price 
Subscribe to-day and thus secure every number. 

If there is a smart boy or girl, going to scl 

and who thinks some good could be done in the 
way of getting subscribers, write the Ingi.enO'1>- 

. r ^,.1! vol! 

and we will send you some copies and tt-n .' 

Why is it that some hymns and songs live 0^'^ 
ever? Home, sweet home, for instance, will iie« 
die. The reason is that in every heart are comnw 
chords and these, once struck, vibrate in unison. 

A SHORT SERMON.— Number One. 

Next week the General Manager of the ''=''^»''''^j| 
of a great railroad will tell what a boy or 6^^ 
should do to become a telegrapher. It m'g 
just the thing you are looking for. 

Text: I Cor. Ij. 

This is one of the most beautiful chapters in the 
whole Testament. Paul lays down the law of love, 
and tells us that it is the greatest of all things, — 
greater than faith or hope. It is a great pity that 
the Bible in common use translates the word " love" 
as " charity." The Revised Version has it right. 
It is also love in the German Bible, and it is love in 
the original Greek. 

Now what is meant by love? Is it the love be- 

Watch for our weekly sermons. They may ^^^ 
interest a boy or girl so much as older peop^^j ^_^^ 
they will have the merit of brevity and you w 
likely go to sleep over them. 

The next issue of Inglenook will contain^ aj'^^^j 
tensely interesting account of an °^ " _ j^ 
Every reader of this number will want to see 

Fifty cents for the rest of this year f''^^,}',,„ar 
like Inglenook is a marvel of cheapness, 
friends about It. 

»•» XHB » INGLEKOOK » i- • 


of ppoeeedupe in 


Uings fotM JJfe Work. 

Number One. 

^^ „, D. IIAMISFAK, D. D. S., PH. G. 

,<T man or woman who would become a 
Th"^ •uouldbethe possessorof a high-school edu- 

'''°"*' "* Tast and he should have a fair elementary ^^^,^ ^^^ l^_.^_,|. -j-^i^ 1,^^ been de- 

..Jocatio" ^^^^^.^1 (jy tiie school authorities at the 

''''"' "' where dentistry, in all its branches, is 

fession. Given this preliminary edu- 

ijiight "^^^^^^ jj^p js to secure a place in the office 
"""" cewful practitioner as there are certain mat- 
o**^"*^ ected with the work that cannot be learned 
,e,5 conn ^^^ ^^.^^^ learned in the dentist's of- 
"* nal'o be learned at a Dental College, as there 
""'"^ revisions in all of them for teaching all parts 
f" ,p|.|. j„ every department, no matter how ele- 
omical, howe\er. 

„l'„ury. It might be more eeono 

nter the office of some man having a good prac- 
'"' The custom is for the learner to pay his pre- 
"e'^tor a certain sum agreed upon between them for 
to instruction, and this will vary with the parties. 

In many large offices there are men who do only 
one branch of the profession, that is, one dentist in 
such a place does nothing but extract teeth, another 
does the plate work, and so on. Hut in any of these 
places the general knowledge acquired in the line 
of study marked out here is requisite to success. 

The outlook for the financial success of the com- 
ing dentist is not very bright. The reason is that a 
great deal more care is now given to the preserva- 
tion of the teeth than was the case formerly. If an 
ordinary set of teeth is properly cared for in youth 
and during life the work of a dentist is reduced to a 
minimimi, and though it will be a long time till the 
field is so worked out that there will be little room 
for the professional dentist the tendencies are all 
that way at present. No man or woman should 
undertake the profession without a decided liking 
for it, and it is absolutely essential that a high de- 
gree of mechanical ability is present, and unless the 
aspirant is possessed of this he should not under- 
take' the work. The profession is in its infancy, 
and there are continual discoveries and improve- 
ments being made to the extent of no man's being 
able to foresee the result. It is not a work thai can 
be acquired once for all, but demands continual 
study to keep abreast with the advanced and ad- 
vancing knowledge of the times. 

Heir relation to 

each other, etc. It is usually from 

(iftv dollars to one hundred a year, and the time re- 
qmred in the office will depend very largely upon 
the ability of the student, and the interest his teach- 
takes in his advancement. The time to be spent 
I the office in order to secure a knowledge of the 
mote elementary, practical side of the work will 
take from three to six years. As in every other in- 
stance the earnestness and ability of the studeht 
counts for much in the matter of time. 

A great many dentists continue their practice 
with nothing but this preliminary office schooling, 
but it is not advisable to stop there, as it is certain 
that the profession, as such, can not be mastered 
ivithout going to some well-equipped college. This 
require a three years' course prior to gradua- 
tion, and the cost will vary from S8oo, to Si, 200 in- 
c'lutiin^ <il\ e,\pcn5es of every character. Of course 
the expense of living may either be materially re- 
duced or increased according to the tastes or means 
ol the student. The college course or its equi\-alent 
is recommended, as it is absolutely necessary in or- 
der to practice within the law. The laws of the 
several States are differenfin the details of their re- 
quirements, but all call for either a diploma or an 
examination at the hands of the State Board prior 
lo licensing to practice. The diploma of a regular 
and recognized college is good of itself in all parts 
of the country. Hence it is strongly recommended, 
not only for this reason, but because of the knowl- 
edge necessary at any moment of office work, and 
«hich can only be acquired at some college. Some 
«ry complicated and difficult surgical operations 
arc often required, and as they are specially with- 
'" the province of the dentist he must be equal to 
'lit emergencies as they occur. 

^0 one should attempt the profession who has 
"01 a very considerable degree of mechanical skill. 
' mere extraction of teeth constitutes a very 
™3ll part of a dentist's work, though the average 
""ception of what is required begins and ends with 
pulling teeth." -While it is a calling that women 
^"''*' '"'l sometimes do take hold of it does not 
I ' ° ""^ 'hat they are successful to any great ex- 
^ ■ Inere is no way of adding to one's income 
""S 'he first years of college by the practice of 


• part of the profession. The colleges will not 
allow It Of 
til o J course there may be some other work 

ciall^'"!'"'"' "'^y engage in that will help him (inan- 
S'onnit' ^' '^ "°' ''"°^^'^'' '° practice his profes 

•\fter th, 

< a full-fledged graduate, 
e completion of his school work the in- 

anofii^'"^ ""^^^ssary, together with the fitting up of 

>iim o"' ^"" '^°^' "°' '"^ "^^" ^^°°' ^"'^ ^'■°"' '^'^ 
a |„j " "P '° '•'most any amount. The selection of 

'«"lem°" '^ '"Portant, and 1 would regard a new 
■^n', where there is a continual growth, as the 


in Hi^ c^^"^ S''^'" many so-called dentists who are 
ana th '^1 ' ^"'' ""''' °pe''*'<= 'o the disadvantage 
thesj r, '^'^■'^'^'''ng of the regular profession, and 
vre|uJ^°P'"= "'^ * bar to success. Still, for the 
that wii "'*" there are always places and work 

'"slilic ^y"'^'^ remunerative to any person whose 
'ons and character merit public confidence. 

cost, the rewards and the disadvantages. Thus the 
story of making a doctor will be written up by one 
who is already a physician, and who' knows just 
what is necessary all around to get through, what it 
takes in time, mpney and ability. The same will 
be done by the successful telegrapher, the dentist, 
the machinist, and a whole host of trades and pro- 
fessions not usually accessible to the young man 
and woman living in the country or in some small 
town. This feature of the paper should put it in 
every family in the church, wherever there is a boy 
or girl " coming on." And the old folks will be 
interested, too, for each article will be written by 
some successful man or woman who knows just 
what he or she is talking about. It will be helpful 
to all who read, and no person who reads this arti- 
cle should miss a number of the paper containing 
these conti ilnitioiis from those who know. 

The above article from the pen of Dr. Hamisfar, of Mis- 
souri, is an example of wtiat will follow in the Inglenook 
weekly. It will be seen that each calling, set forth by an ex- 
perl in it will have an inestimable \ alue to young men casting 
about for life work. Every boy and girl in the church 
should read these contributions, as they will cover a vast 
range of subjects, and all will be written by practical men at 
the head of their callings. 


A MISTAKE that a good many boys and girls 
make in their thoughts about the business they 
would like to be in as a livelihood is in selecting 
the town or city as a base of operations. Usually a 
boy is bitten with the clerkship idea and a girl 
takes to stenography and t)'pewriting as a business. 
Now it goes without saying that there are a few of 
these places that are really worth having, viewed 
from a money standpoint, but they are so few, and 
the chances of attaining them so slender that no 
person is advised to start in the business with the 
hope of reaching them. 

The best part of these callings is on the outside, 
while all the objectionable features, and they are 
many, are never seen by the casual observer. The 
boy, temporarily in town, conscious that he is of 
a different world from the dapper clerk that waits 
on him, or the girl in from the hills to do the trad- 
ing for the country home, is very apt lo envy the 
lady clerk, the good clothes that she wears, and the 
easy life, apparently, that she leads. Now while 
the work that these clerks are doing is just as hon- 
orable as any other, yet there are differences of de- 
gree in human endeavor that should commend 
themselves to the thoughtful. There is a great dif- 
ference between the man who drives a cart and the 
Superintendent of a railroad. Both places are 
equally honorable, but that there is a difference is 
not to be denied. 

The selection of a means of making a living is a 
very important one and is not to bu entered on 
lightly. A mistake in youth is very likely to result 
disastrously, for there is but one youth, and what is 
taken out of it can never be restored or made up. 
Once the time is lost it is gone forever. Now in 
our beloved fraternity there are thousands and thou- 
sands of boys and girls who are anxiously looking 
forward for something to do, some business in 
which they can make a living. This is perfectly 
natural, and entirely proper. There is also the 
certainty that the average boy and girl has very 
hazy ideas of the requirements of the work they 
think the most about. They are, for the most part, 
in entire ignorance of the demands of the calling, 
its preparatory work, and the like, and often errors 
are made, some serious and some comic, as when 
the countryman took his young hopeful to the 
sanctum of an Editor with the request, that, as he 
had proved worthless in every other capacity they 
"make an Editor outen him." 

This publication intends making an effort to set 
before its readers from time to time what is abso- 
lutely necessary to make a successful man or wom- 
an in certain callings. It will give the time, the | 


A noon many of Inglenook readers will doubtless 
remember certain line-fence lawsuits and the hard 
feelings incident thereto. The following story 
shows the best way out of them: 

A good lawyer learns many lessons in the school 
of human nature, and thus it was that Lawyer 
Hackett did not fear to purchase a tract of land 
which had been " lawed over" for years, says the 
Lewiston Journal, 

Some of the people wondered why he wanted to 
get hold of property with such an incubus of uncer- 
tainty upon it. Others thought that perhaps he 
wanted some legal knitting work, and would pitch 
in redhot to fight that line-fence question on his own 

That's what the owner of the adjoining land 
thought. So he braced himself for trouble when he 
saw Hackett across the fields one day. 

Said Hackett: "What's your claim here, anyway, 
as to this fence? " 

" I insist," replied the neighbor, "that your fence 
is over on my land two feet at one end and one foot 
at least at the other." 

"Well," replied Hackett, "you go ahead just as 
quick as you can set your fence o\'er. At the end 
where you say that I encroach on you two feet set 
the fence on my land four feet. At the other end 
push it on my land two feet." 

" But," persisted the neighbor, " that's twice what 
I claim." 

"1 don't care about that," said Hackett. "There's 
been fight enough o\-er this land. I want you to 
lake enough so you are perfectly satisfied, and then 
we can get along pleasantly. Go ahead and help 

The man paused, abashed. He had been ready to 
commence the old struggle tooth and nail, but this 
move of the new neighbor stunned him. Yet he 
wasn't to be outdone in generosity. He looked at 

"Squire," said he, "that fence ain't going to be 
moved an inch. I don't want the land. There 
wan't nothin' in the fight, anyway, but the principle 
of the thing." ^ 

" I SHALL have to ask you for a ticket for that 
boy, ma'am." " I guess not." " He's too old to 
travel free. He occupies a whole seat and the car 
is crowded. There are people standing up." 
"That's all right." "I haven't time to argue the 
matter, ma'am. You'll have to pay for that boy." 
" I've never paid for him yet, and I am not going to 
begin now." "You have got to begin sometime. 
If you haven't had to put up fare for him you're 
mighty lucky or else you don't do much traveling." 
"That's all right." "You'll pay for that boy, 
ma'am, or I'll stop the train and put him off." 
"That's all right. You put him off if you think 
that's the way to get anything out of me." " You 
ought to know what the rules of this road are. 
ma'am. How old is that boy?" "I don't know. 
I never saw him before." 

Life without industry is sin, and industry without 
art is brutality. — Riiskin. 

A CLEVER writer has said: " Born once, die twice: 
born twice, die once." 


»»• THE « inglp:nook »»» 

Good {^ treading 


It was latliL-r amusing reading (lie other day to 
6nd that the gallant garrison of Mafeking had 
rigged up an old ship's gun and were pegging away 
at the Boers with the cannon balls of a past genera- 
tion. Although these were regarded as terribly de- 
structive ammunition in our forefathers' days, yet 
in this age of shrapnel and lyddite to see one of 
these antiquated balls ricocheting along is almost 
enough to provoke a smile. 

Speaking of such balls reminds us of the straits a 
garrison were put to last century in order to provide 
this kind of ammunition for their big guns. It was 
in 1793 that the necessity arose, and the requisite 
material was obtained by opening the grave of the 
famous Fenelon, at one time Archbishop of Cam- 
bray, who was buried in 1715, and using the lead of 
his coffin to make the balls. The body was rein- 
terred in 1801. 

It has frequently happened during the excite- 
ment of battle that when the ammunition has run 
short individual soldiers have used buttons and 
even articles of personal adornment in order to 
keep up a fire on the enemy, and sometimes such 
makeshifts have been responsible for very ugly 
wounds. The strangest, surely, of such bullets were 
those used by a Portuguese soldier when they were 
overrunning the New World, and while they were 
surrounded by a large army of Indians. He actual- 
ly knocked out several of his teeth and put them 
into his arquebus, the weapon then in use, and 
hurled them at the enemy. 

When the Danes attacked Chester in the early 
centuries they were met by a novelty in the shape 
of ammunition, for the Saxons collected all the bee- 
hives in the town and threw them upon the invad- 
ers. These novel " bullets " had the desired effect, 
for they caused so much swelling of the arms and 
legs that the Danes were glad to get out of the 

Oti a more recent occasion bees also attacked 
—soldiers, although they did not do it at the instiga- 
tion of the enemy. During one of the expeditions 
made by Lord Roberts to Afghanistan, the High- 
landers, who accompanied him. found that no mat- 
ter how picturesque their national dress may be, it 
has its drawbacks when bees are about. It appears 
that an officer of the Lancers unthinkingly thrust 
his lance into a beehive: and, thus attacked, the 
bees -soon put themselves infighting array, and re- 
sponded in such a way that the soldiers fled in all 
directions, and left the busy little insects masters of 
the situation. This rout of the liritish army would 
no doubt be credited with a large number of 
" wounded." 


Upon inquiry it was found that the firm of bell- 
founders that had cast the bells was still in existence, 
unchanged in name, and consisting of the descend- 
ants of the original firm. The records of the firm 
contained an account of the casting of the bells, and 
the proportions corresponded with those in the St. 
Michael's records. 

Under such favorable circumstances it was not 
hard to recast the bells. Then for the fifth time 
they crossed the Atlantic and arrived safely in 
Charleston. ^ 


The commander-in-chief in South Africa has 
selected Lord Bathurst to qommand the escort con- 
ducting the Boer prisoners of war to St. Helena. 
Lord Bathurst. who is son-in-law of Lord Glenesk, 
is at present at the front in command of a militia 

A great honor has been paid to Gen. Cronje in 
choosing for the place of his exile the island to 
which the great Napoleon was transported three 
months after his surrender to the captain of the 
Bellerophon. "The rock of St. Helena," as it was 
called by the noted exile with whose name it has so 
long been associated, is in reality an island with an 
area of about 47 square miles, and a population of 
some 4,000. 

N^oleon lived there from October, 1815, until 
his death in 1821, and gave the governor of that day 
a somewhat lively time. The lion of South Africa 
will probably not have time to weary of the island. 
He is sent there, with his army, until the close of 
the war. By the time he has had a rest and a 
pleasant holiday on the little island, perhaps the 
term of his banishment will be over. 

The island is not without interest to men of 
Dutch descent. It was in Dutch hands from 1645 
to 1650; again for a short period in the year 1665, 
and once more for a few months in 1673. The 
capital, and, indeed, the only town in the island, is 
Jamestown, which lies in a deep valley on the 
northwest coast. About three and a quarter miles 
inland from Jamestown is Longwood, the house 
where Napoleon lived and died. 

Since the opening of the Suez canal the ships 
calling at the island are not so numerous as they 
used to be. Nevertheless, there is frequent com- 
munication with other countries, and the mail 
steamers to and from the cape and Natal are con- 
stantly calling. The climate is healthy, mild, and 
free from extreme variations. The distance from 
Cape Town is about 1,695 miles; from Southampton, 


The present governor is Robert A. Sterndale. 
St. Helena was only last month put into complete 
telegraphic communication with both London and 
Cape Town by the completion of the new west coast 


A PEAL of bells that has had as adventurous a 
career as any that hang in Old World towers is the 
famous peal of St. Michael's. Charleston, S. C. Five 
times have these bells crossed the sea, once as a 
heap of ruined metal, and two armies have they had 
tOfcencounter or escape;yct to-day the nine bells are 
of unusual purity and sweetness of tone. 

Cast in England before the Revolution, and 
brought over to St. Michael's, they met with their 
first danger in that war. That they might not be in- 
jured they were sent back to England. After the 
war was over the people of Charleston wanted them, 
and it became the duty of the first .American Minis- 
ter to England lo negotiate for them. He was suc- 
cessfid, and amidst triumphant ovations they were 
escorted to the church. 

All went well with them until the civil war. 
Then the steeple of St. Michael's was made the 
target for the cannon of the besiegers. It was nec- 
essary lo remove the bells to a safer place, and 
they were sent to Columbia. When Sherman's 
army took Columbia, the sheds in the yard of the 
state house, in which the bells had been placed, 
were broken into and the bells smashed into frag- 
ments, while the sheds were set on fire. 

They were not yet done for, however. At the 
the close of the war the pieces were carefully gath- 
ered together and shipped to Liverpool, together 
with extracts from the records of St. Michael's, 
showing where the bells were cast and the propor- 
tion of metals forming the component parts. 

lish was spoken He bought a book and we 
day and night cnly to learn when he arrived" ^' " 
scene of its operation that there was an ind fi" ""^ 
something that no book could give, and 1^ "''' ' 
actual hindrance, that there had been anv **''^° 
nary study, for nearly all of it had to be unfe"^''""" 
So if there is a family where this paper go"'"' 
which there is one or more who can speak a (' '" 
of German, and there are others who can °"'' 
the lessons begin at once in the shorter and" ' '" 
words and sentences that come up in dail ^*'^' 
course one with another, and it will be aston 1 '^' 
how quickly all will have a knowledge of th^l'"^ 
guage so that they understand and can make tV" 
selves understood. Little children just learni '^'" 
talk will be found phenomenally expert in n' t ^ 
it up. And it is worth while a hundred tim... '"^ 

' t ' ' \ *'"*ivl> 0\'('r 

if It IS once mastered. 


"The fact that Gen. Lawton left only 
back pay as an estate is a surprise to people wh 
don't know the ins and outs of military life " sain 
former captain in the United States army recentl 
"The truth is that nearly all of our army and navv 
officers who aren't lucky enough to have private 
means are what would be called poor. Those with 
independent resources are very few, and those who 
have saved are a handful of bachelors who have a 
talent in that direction, which they have cultivated 
at the expense of most of the things that make life 
worth living. The others— the married men who 
are solely dependent upon their pay — live from 
hand to mouth, and have to do some desperately 
close figuring to make both ends meet. 

"The naval officers have rather the worst of it, be- 
cause they have to keep up two establishments- 
their own aboard ship and one for the family ashore; 
but, on the other hand, the social obligations in- 
curred by an army officer are more numerous and 
more expensive. The pay of both branches seems 
very liberal to a civilian, but he is ignorant of many 
of the outlays unavoidable in the service. The cost 
of uniforms and accouterments alone is at least twice 
as much -as- the — tafloT bill of-thi. aitid^L wrtl-" 
dressed business man, and there are many corps en- 
tertainments to which each man in the mess must 
contribute his pro rata. Some of our congressmen 
are loud in calling attention to the fact that United 
States ofiicers are paid more than those of any oth- 
er country. That is true, but they fail to state that 
the foreign service is made up almost entirely of 
noblemen and members of the aristocracy, who have 
abundant pri\"ate means to sustain their rank. 

There are a good many people in the church 
who are able to speak the German language with 
greater or less fluency and accuracy, and there are a 
good many boys and girls in their families who 
might have learned it but who, for some reason, 
failed to do so. This is a serious mistake, even if 
the German is only the Pennsylvania Dutch, so- 
called. 'Very often parents either refuse to teach 
their children, or the children themselves are 
ashamed of it, without the slightest reason. "As 
many lives thou .livest as languages thou speakest," 
the poet has said, and truthfully said at that. The 
writer estimates that a speaking acquaintance with 
any language other than one's own native tongue, 
is worth, at the least estimate, a thousand dollars to 
the possessor. It is a little hard to go into details 
and show how, but it is a fact all the same, and 
those who have the opportunity should not fail to 
improve it, and not only that but seek opportunity 
to do so. 

No language can be learned out of a book. The 
grammar can be had that way, but the pronuncia- 
tion and the peculiarities of all speech are only 
available in their best forms from those who know 
by word of mouth. A good way to learn a lan- 
guage is in the family, and there is only one way to 
do it so as to get a working hold on it, and that is 
to talk it. In fact a book is rather a hindrance if 
the spoken language is available anywhere. The 
writer once had occasion to live in a foreign coun- 
try where a language much different from the Eng- 

AsK the average guesser to estimate the numim 
of separate parts in a complete bicycle, and the 
chances are that he will fall far short ol the num- 
ber. The various bearings contain more than J 
hundred steel balls, and if the machine exam 
be chain-driven, nearly 150 separate pieces will te 
found in the chain alone. There are a good many 
spokes, and each spoke is attached to the rim wm 
a nut and separate washer. Counting the nni'. 
hubs, and tires as three pieces to each wheel, 1 ^ 
two wheels alone contain close to 200 pieces. Eac 
pedal is divisible into many parts without break-igt' 
And so on. A total of five hundred or more scf 
arate component parts is easy to account for. 

One day a scholarly-looking man, p'^"^'* 
dressed, came into a church in Holland and too 
seat near the pulpit. A few minutes later a liaug^^ 
ty lady swept up to the pew, and, seeing a stianS 
in it, ordered him by aru imperious gesturt 
it. The stranger obeyed, and going into one 
seats reserved for the poor, joined devoutly 
services. After they were over, the lady s 
gathered around her and demanded " '"^''"' ,.|y 
knew who it was that she had treated so ri . 

she replied' 

No; some pushing stranger," she ''^I'"™!,, ij 
was King Oscar of Sweden," was the ans»>''. ^^^ ^, 
here visiting the Queen." Her mortili'-''"' 
be imagined. 

as truly as, when a farmer sows seed, he tre - 

When a man utters a noble thought, that 
becomes a working force and produces ic^ 

:s a li»'' 

vest. Character is the most impressive > ^^^^^ 
the universe. It cannot exist in any one "'■ ^^^, 
out creating a desire to possess it in all " 
Heroic deeds are contagious. 



The o Circle 00° 

R stoter Bulsar.IndlB, PresidentJjohnR.Snyder.Belle- 
nnitt"*'".;,.., f resident; OtI.O Wenger. N^tlh Manchester. Ind., 
,„»., "<"'■ ,, I D. Rosen betger. Covington. Ohio. Secretary and 
".rFi"'''"''jj s, all communications to OirR MISSIONARY Reading 

j». Ohio 

u, .VEN is tiot reached by a single bounii: 
But we build the ladder by which we rise, 
From the '""'V "'* '° '^^ ^="'''"' *'''"■ 

,\„,1 we mount to its summit round by round. 

ue rise by things that are under fool; 

[5 >,i,at "e have mastered of good and gam. 

liv the pride deposed and the passion slain, 
A„,l the vanquished ills that we hourly meet. 
"" -J. G. Holland. 

Hicii one pays 

, meinbership fee of twenty cents 

oiniiig our Circle, that covers all three courses. 
""'"' „,jsh to take up the three different courses, 
"ij'rwd all the books, you pay only twenty cents. 

. ■ » ■ 

Each local secretary should visit the homes in his 

„ her vicinity. 

Distribute the circulars and mem- 

ship blanks, and tell them about our Circle in 
h s wav you may persuade them to read the books. 
Ti ^re are some homes, where the inmates for some 
ason. or other, seldom attend church or Sunday 
cliool. Visit these without fail, and give them the 
opportunity to join our Circle. 


Bro. Virgil C. Finnel, of Morgantown, W. Va., 
did some acti\'e work for the Circle last summer, so 
we .ire glad for the following letter from him: "I 
am glad to report that I have read all of the first 
year, .md one book of the secbnd year, in the Mis- 
sionary Course. Alex. Lawson, of Mona, VV. Va., 
Iia> read one book, ' Life of Judson." Gertrude F. 
Finnell has read two books. I purchased the books 
and loaned them to the abo\'e members and to six 
or seven others who also read them. I do not have 
the advantage of living near one of our own church- 
es. But I do recognize the value of the reading 
course given by our Circle, and shall do all in my 
j,v**tt tc^tve it' a ViHe circulation. I wish that 
every Christian might have the blessed privilege of 
reading about such noble, self-sacrificing mission- 
aries as Moffat and Judson. Pierson's, ' New Acts 
ol the Apostles,' • Do not Say ' must prove an in- 
spiration to all. The reading of such books will do 
more to educate along missionary lines than all 
other forces combined." 

Sister Mattie Weybright, from Double Pipe Creek, 
Md,, writes from Juniata College, as follows, " When 
school IS over and I return home I will do all I can 
lo help this good work. We have very few young 
people, but some good consecrated sisters. I 
ilioujhl perhaps I could gain new members and 
"eate an interest in this work in connection with 

e sewing circle. Our congregation is small and 
"■illered, but not sleeping." 

'''"■ "■ "■ Ri't", of Kregar, Pa., says, " ] am 
read " P'"^^'' W'th the books; I enjoyed the 
to r 'T t,^""' """^ "'^' ' ''° "°' ''*'■<= ■"°''= ''™"= 
port ( "'' '^"^""^ '" "^"^ ministry and the sup- 

p,„ " "jy '3™''y requires most of my time at 

pray G H 1,^°'"' '' "'" '"^ different in the future. I 
: '.; ^ 'nat we may all become more interested 

vation of souls 

in the sal 

,^^:*' Bessie Crist, of Washington, D. C, writes, 

by ,h'' ™''<"s for Christ feel much encouraged 

'«n fiv T*''-^'^' here in this city. There have 

e baptized, and two received into full fellow- 

'''"fthechnrrh »«... ^_ 

e church 

Jhat men may see our good works and 
heaven. There are many 

'Slit sh' « '.""•"■ '^^y God help us all to let our 


''°"fy our 

P'^yers of" n " "^'"S ^""^ dying in sin; we need the 

'^"niplei,.^' 1!^ ^' *^"^g<^y. of Meyersdale, Pa., has 

'ends scve ^'^" Cottrell, of North Manchester, Ind., 
«xie„(] J , " ^°'"' new names from that place. We 
^ earty welcome to all these new members. 

'■'■■ Albion /'!" Washington, 633 G Si.. N. E.. D. C 

!;'^' OliveGrisso ^" Scandia. Kans. 

!"'^' C.S. Ikenh North Manchester, Ind. 

"*>. Hettje s. r^ Nortli Manchester, Ind. 

iJ^'t-P- Early Pitsburg. Ohio, 

&eu Sunday a School ism. 

">■>. M. 

.""ma Gai 

North Manchester, Ind, 

afgjrg, ,,," North Manchester, Ind. 

""""" South Bend, Ind. 


{Lfsso/r/or Afinl 22, Tgoo\ 

Golden Te.vt. - Like as a father pitieth his children, so 
the Lord pitieth them that fear him.— Psa. 103; 13. 

This record of man's faith and Christ's helpful- 
ness in return is one of the beautiful stories of the 
New Testament. It happened at Capernaum, a city 
near the Sea of Galilee, in the summer of the year 
28. Christ's home, as far as he can be said to have 
had a home, was at Capernaum at this time, most 
probably in Peter's house. There was a large con- 
tingent of Roman soldiers at Capernaum, as prob- 
ably every reader knows that Rome held the coun- 
try in which our Lord lived under its iron hand at 
this time. One of the subordinate Roman officers, 
a Centurion, a man having a hundred men under 
him, corresponding almost exactly to one of our 
present day Captains, had a servant, who was very 
dear unto him, sick to the point of death. 

Knowing of the miraculous works of Christ, pos- 
sibly having seen some of them personally, he sent 
to him through the elders of the Jews, asking that 
he come and save the servant. The word save is a 
more e.xact translation of the original Greek than 
tfie word heal. It comes to the same thing, how- 
ever. The Master consented to go and started with 
the messengers for the Centurion's house. When 
nearing the place our Lord and his accompanying 
friends were met by the Centurion's people, saying 
to not give himself further trouble, but to simply 
order the sick servant to be cured and it would be 
done. This feeling was in a large measure due to 
the fact that, as Captain of a company of soldiers, 
he was in the habit of issuing orders and being im- 
plicity obeyed. He therefore thought, and with 
great reason, that all Christ had to do was to com- 
mand the saving of the servant and the favorable 
result sought would be a certainty. And it all hap- 
pened as he believed. The servant recovered im- 
mediately — was " made whole," in the quaint Eng- 
lish of the term of the translation. 

The whole story is an exemplification of reward- 
ed faith, and is probably told in the Book that the 
principle of asking in faith and receiving in fact 
might be practically illustrated for the benefit of all 
after comers. Coupled with the faith the lesson of 
humility is inculcated, the teaching of personal 
unworthiness. The Roman captain neither went to 
Jesus himself nor sent one of his own military 
household. He secured the services of others he 
thought might be more acceptably received. This 
is the human element of the story and bears no im- 
mediate and vital relation to the result. Christ 
would have received either master or man calling 
on him in the interest of wounded hearts or broken 
bodies. The element of faith is the saving note in 
the whole incident, the lesson is the unquestioning 
belief in the result of the asking. 

The Centurion perished, the servant made whole 
passed too, and Christ tasted of death, but the 
sunny grace of a linritless faith is ever new and in 
the reach of all who will take it unto themselves. 

We live in two worlds. One is of the earth, 
earthy, the other of faith, heavenly. We are all too 
apt to be hampered by our immediate environment 
and we forget that there is another field and anoth- 
er method than that which we see. It is better and 
more efficacious than ours, but we do not often ask 
it save in dire extremity such as the Centurion's 
was. The prayer of the faithful had made well the 
sick, had turned death froin the door. Note that 
he who received the benefit cuts no figure in the 
matter other than that of being the recipient of the 
blessing. It is the faith of him who asks, not of 
him who receives, that makes the ending a happy 

Where this faith begins and ends who can say! 
It is sure that the doors of the Land of the Leal 
turn upon the hinges of human suffering, and when 
we shall see face to face, and know as we are known 
it will all be clear to us and we will thank God for 
his mercies of denial. 

What we want in addition to our present faith in 
the immediate reacts a higher faith in God's deal- 
ing with us for our best and highest interests. The 
faith of the Centurion may be our faith as well, and 
as it was to him so it may be to us. The Roman 
Captain has palsed away, as has his empire, but 
Christ lives and the kingdom of God will live eternal. 

Fop * the * Wee * Folk 


Mrs. Bunny was a rabbit that lived in a hutch in 
the back yard, and one night the rabbit man brought 
her seven little bunnies. They were all cuddled up 
in a nest'their mother had made for them, andithey 
were as helpless as helpless could be. Their^cs 
were not open, and they looked more like rats than 
rabbits. The old mother covered them up carefully 
from time to time, and she was very watchful of 
them. Hut one morning she was missing. Some- 
thing had carried her off, what it was we never 
knew, but she was gone. All the little helpless ba- 
by rabbits were in the nest and nothing had touched 
them. What to do with the little ones was a ques- 

Then a little girl named Bcrnice spoke up and 
said that maybe Betty, the cat, would adopt them. 
Betty had only one kitten out of a number that had 
gone someplace, never to come back. So they 
thought they would try it. Th^y put the little rab- 
bits in an old straw hat and took them to where 
Betty was in the barn. At first the cat was a 
little surprised, but the rabbits, not having their 
eyes open, thought she was their mother, and they 
came up close to her. She looked at them, and 
then up to the family standing around watching her, 
and she seemed to know what was wanted. First 
she washed their faces as cats do such things, and 
then she treated them just as she would her own 
lost kittens. And then everybody was happy, and 
Betty got a double share of milk for her supper and 
her breakfast. As far as we are able to see she in- 
tends to bring them up as kittens are raised, but 
what they will do when they are older none of us 
know. How do you think she will treat them when 
the rabbits get big enough to hop around for them- 


A FRIEND of ours had a parrot. One day it 
thought to be amused by teasing the watchdog on 
the mat. The dog was sleeping soundly when 
Polly cried from the perch: " Sic'em, Tige^'^ Tig?" 
jumped, ran barking to the window, looked up and 
down the street, saw nothing to make a fuss over, 
and went back to his nap. Again the parrot dis- 
turbed him. and the performance was repeated. 
This time Tige lay down in disgust. After a little 
Polly called again, " Sic'em, Tige, ' but Tige did not 
move. Flying down to the back of a near-by chair 
the parrot cried: "Sic'em, Tige." The dog did not 
stir. Then Polly flew down by the dog's head and 
shrieked in his ear: " Sic'em, Tige, sic'em." This 
time Tige " sic'ed," and when the parrot came out 
of the fracas she had but one long plume. She sat 
a long time adjusting hef dress. She looked rue- 
fully at the one crumpled feather man)' limes, then 
she said: " Polly talked too much." 


" I WISH," said the doctor the other day as he 
watched a group of school children troop out of a 
candy store where they had been spending their 
pennies, " that I could form a society among little 
folks in which each member would take a pledge to 
spend all his pocket money for fruit instead of 
candy." It seemetl a funny way of putting it, didn't 
it? But the physician was very much in earnest, 
and at the moment it probably occurred to him that, 
as children like clubs, an anti-candy club would be 
a very good one for them. He wanted to do two 
things — to stop their eating the unhealthful sweet, 
and to coax them to eat more fruit. An apple, or a 
banana or an orange can usually, one or the other of 
them, be bought for the price of a little candy, and 
the fruit is much better in every way than the sweet. 

We find in the New York Recorder s.n interesting 
account of a traveling man who was seen by his 
companions to kiss a letter he had just recei\'ed. 
They declared it was not from his wife, and he fi- 
nally admitted to them that it was from lushest girl. 
After considerable badgering he consented lo let 
them read it, and this was the letter: — 

My Owen deer Pa Pa, I sa mi P Rairs every iiite wen I kis 
yure Pictshure I ask Cod to bless you good Bi Pa Pa yure besl 
gurl. DocLV. 

»•# THE » IXGLEMOOK »•» 


Is ihe car going west was a little girl wearing the- 
characteristic garb of the Hrcthren. She was going 
out to see her Uncle William, and was a very happy 
little maiden, indeed. Presently, as the train 
stopped at a way station several people got in, 
among them a well-dressed, intelligent man who sat 
down beside the little girl. Presently he noted the 
bonnet and the quiet garb, and he began to ask 
questions. He said, as a sort of feeler, " Are you 
not a member of some religious order?" 

■■ No." said she, " I am a member of the Hrethren 
or Dunkard church." 

■• I never heard of it. What is it like? " And he 
showed a good deal of interest in the matter. 

■•Well," said she, "I don't know whether or not 
I can tell you all about it, but we believe m trme 
immersion to start with." 

■•Baptists, I. sec. And so you believe m immer- 
,sion, do you?" 

■■Yes sir. we do, and all of our people do the 

same." . 

'•Well, I don't really believe that it makes much 
difference about baptism, as one way is as good as 
another. It is a mere form, anyhow." 

■'The Hrethrcn do not believe that way, but in all 
they try to do attempt to get as near as possible to 
the teachings of Christ and the early Christians, and 
we think that nothing He taught is a mere form. 
We believe that it has a deep meaning, and a good 
many people do not fully understand it." 

" How do you know that Christ taught trine im- 
mersion," said the man, and he showed a great deal 
of interest in the coming answer. 

"Well," said the little sister, " I am not sure that I 
know enough about it to tell you how we know, but 
1 will give you a few reasons. In the first place 
scholars tell us that the Word and the way it is told 
means that, and it was so understood in the early 

"What's that?" said the man. "How do you 
know that?" And he smiled as he thought he 
would catch her now. 

"There are several ways of knowing about it. 
Long enough before there were any of the present 
— Ijfote^tant churche-^ the only church organ izufifm 
was the Catholic. They followed the original form, 
ind they changed it before the time of Luther, and 
a the Reformation Luther did not have the bold- 
ness to go back to the old way, though he taught it 
personally. So the oldest churches practiced im- 

" I didn't know that. I thought that it was only 
■;i few obscure people who had that idea." 

" Not exactly a lew," said the girl. " It is the case 
that the Greyk church which denies the supremacy 
of the Pope in such matters baptizes by trine immer- 
sion to this d.iy, and there are now living more peo- 
ple so baptized than there are of all other Protes- 
tant church members put together." 

••I never knew that before. How do you know 
all that? " 
•• Well, s— " 

Just then the whistle was sounded, a station was 
called off, which proved to be the one for which 
the gentleman was bound, and he to leave her. 
So he bade her a courteous good-bye, gathered up 
his baggage and left the train. Evidently he was 
very much interested in what he had heard, some 
of which was new to him. 

Then after the train had started a young lady in 
the scat behind leaned over and began a conversa- 
tion with our little sister. Presently she led up to 
the matter of the head-dress, and asked why the 
peculiar bonnet was worn. The little girl said that 
it was the garb, or a part of it, adopted by the 
church. The over-dresse<l young woman, really 
trying to be a Christian, asked whether it was im- 
portant. " It is so regarded by the church, and has 
been found by experience to be very helpful in cut- 
ting loose from the world, which was enjoined by 
the liible." 

•• But is it really as important as all that? Why 
not let each one be the judge of what is plainness, 
and act according to his own ideas? " 

"The result of that, where it has been tried, is a 
condition not to be commended. I have heard that 
all churches start out that way, and all end in 
worldly ways. There is uniformity in other things 
in the church, why not some method looking to that 
end in the matter of dress? " 

"liut the Bible doesn't say anything about not 
following the fashions." 

"Oh yes, I think it does. ' Paul in writing to the 
Romans said that they should not be fashioned ac- 
cording to this world. You will find it in the 
twelfth chapter, in the second verse." 

In a moment the young woman had out her Bi- 
ble, and quickly turning to the place handed it over 
to our little girl with an air of triumph, and asked 
her to read it and see whether it said fashioned. 

"Oh, I know all that, but if you turn to the .^c- 
visaf Virsion you will see that the word ' fashioned ' is 
used, and"— here the whistle sounded again, and the 
little sister's station was reached, and she had to 
leave. As she stood in the passage between the 
seats, waiting for the stop, she overheard part of 
what two men said, one to the other, in the seat op- 

■' That little girl doesn't know that she carries her 
certificate of character in her face, and all over her." 

"Yes," said the other man, "You see it is some- 
thing like this. All her home training, and her sur- 
roundings lead to the best development of charac- 
ter,— and," here she moved on and lost the rest of 
the comment. On the platform her uncle told her 
that she was as red as a rose. She blushed still 
more, and never knew that she had enlightened a 
D. D., put a good idea into the head of a fashiona- 
ble Sunday-school teacher, and compelled the re- 
spect of a couple of worldly drummers. And she is 
ashamed when she thinks of it now, and she often 
does recall it. The writer thinks she is a girl to be 
proud of. Don't you? 

ndvePtising Column 

The iNGLtNuOK rt-utifs (.it and wide rfmong « cUis', ., 
tiinjniy agricultural, aftd neavlv ;tll v>cll>|o-do. li affordi a 
of reaching a casli puicliasing constituency. Advcitlsc,i,enr!'"!''^ ""^im 
proved by th« management will be insetted at the uiiilorm t«t "*''' 
inch, cash with the order, and no discount whatever (or eooiinu h °' *' "^ 
81.00 pet inch, first and eacli succeeding time. The ISfiLgvo "'*^" ' 
organ of the church carrying advertisements. . -.' ^^ '* ""^ "r 


nil Oup 

Fotiils ape 

. , i -"^'arlii, 
" est aveni 


ppizc Winners 

We have the best strains of 
poultry going. You'll hear 
something of interest, if you only keep half a dozen 
We Sell Eggs foi- Hatehing. 
All our fowls are prize winners. Send a stamp win, 
inquiry and we'll tell you something new about the ponl?' 
business. ^ 

The Buffalo Valley Poultry Farm 

Lewisburg, Pa. 
Mention you saw this advertisement in Inglenook, 

Caps and Bonnets 

...MADE AT... 

Reasonable Prices. 

Goods furnished ihat will please. 
plaining how lo order. Address: 

Write for circular ex- 

Miss Mary Rover, 

Mt. Morris, 111. 
Mention you saw this advertisement in Inglenook. 

Proijablv Russians do more kissing than any oth- 
er people in the world. From time immemorial 
kissing has been their national form of salute, and 
it is more a greeting than a caress. In public affairs, 
as well as in the home, the kissing custom prevails. 
Fathers and sons kiss, old generals kiss and whole 
regiments kiss. 

On a review' day kissing enters largely into the 
business. If a corps of cadets have^earned the ap- 
proval orthe emperor, he salutes the head boy, who 
passes on the kiss to his neighbor, who hands it on 
again, and so on through the whole of the juvenile 

On a holiday or fete day the mistress of a house- 
hold not only kisses all her maids, but all her man 
servants, too, and if a nt^n does not venture to more 
than kiss her hand she will stoop and kiss his cheek. 
In aristocratic circles a man hardly enters or leaves 
the room without kissing his wife's forehead, cheek 
or hand. 

Some time ago the Boers wished to raise a statue 
of their President, and the sculptor who was to 
make it brought some drawings of her husband to 
Mrs. Kruger to see which she liked best. The 
pictures showed him in his every-day clothes, with 
the tall hat which he always wears. When Mrs. 
Kruger saw this she asked that the top of the crown 
be made hollow; so that after rain the birds might 
be able to drink out of it. This was done, and now 
whenever a welcome shower has fallen a little cloud 
of birds may be seen fluttering round the top of the 
Kruger statue, drinking and bathing in the crown of 

the hat. 

— *~> 

There was a man in Detroit, says a contemporary, 
who was taken sick. He sent for a doctor. The 
doctor told him he was all right. "What you 
need," he said, "is a little whisky." The man 
nearly collapsed. "Whisky!" he gasped. "Good 
heavens! The folks wouldn't stand that. I'm a 
prohibitionist." The doctor said: "Ah! that's all 
right. I'll send around a jug, and you must take it 
hot with water." The patient lay back. " But if I 
send for hot water." he said, "they'd suspect." The 
doctor scratched his head. " Well, you shave, don't 
you? Just send down your mug and get hot water 
in that." 

This was on Saturday. On Monday the doctor 
called. "Well," he said ti> the friends at the house 
who were very much excited. " what's the difficulty? 
How is the patient?" The whole family, talking at 
once, said: " He's all right physically, but he's out 
of his mind completely. He's been shaving once 
every seven minutes all night and day." 

If You aPc 
Going to 

Build Fence... 

This spring, do not fail to drop a card lo the address 
below, asking for descriptive circulars of one of the bwt 
smooih-wire fences offered the public. 

Chain-Stay pence Co., 

Ste rlinci, 111. 

i this advcrtisemei 

J. J. Ellis & Co., 


ers ol Ualtiniore Comi 
niid Flour Exchange! 

Commission Merchants, 


Grain, Hay, Seeds and 

Country Produce. 

We solicit 

Your Busines' 

105 S. Charles St , 


A Good Book. 

Not only makes money for the agent, but [''='1'*^^' 
purchaser. We have such books for wide-awake ag^ • 
Write us. Address: 

Brethken Publishing House 

Subscription Department. 

ElRin, llli"* 

The Inglenook. 

The fieui, High-class Uiterary 
of the Brotherhood. 


,vilt scn'i It l< 

Issued weekly. The price is Si.oo a ycai, u"> ..- ■■- cuiii*' 

erof these lines lor Ihe rest of this year on Ihe receipt oi ) 

It is a youth's paper that will be read by older people. 
will contain specially prepared articles on topics o 
The best talent ol the church will be represented i 
brightest writers in the world will be louiid in it Irom 

A series of articles on how lo enter a professioi ^^^_ __ 

time 10 lime, each issue. See this issue (or D«"''*"^;,^..., »lll 1=:" ''' 
General Manager ol the telegraph of a great railroad sj^ 
to be a telegrapher. There will foliOw other callings 

Timely articles ftu Nature and Natural History will appf' ^ 

Next week's paper sviH tell about an ostrich fa"J'' ^'"' ."^'^.""o*; -■'" 
men and women will tell what they would doll they «i 
again. ^ nnJ''"' 

Your boy wants the paper, your girl wants it, yo" • '^^ U' "' 
chance for you to brighten some young life by sending ^^^.^^ ,n ' 

It's the best use for your fifty cents we can ihink ot. ^^^^i, ti.ick """^ 
You will want a complete file and we can't agree to m ^^^^^ ^vnl* 
Send for TuE Ini.lenook lo-tlay and you'll get all ol \w 


ahiorbing '""^ 

n time 10 li">s 

:ou.i""'=^ 't 
Next " 


Bpethpen Publishing 

(For Inglenook.) 



Elgin, III., April 14 

No. 15. 


0,1' a wonderful stream is lhe| River of Time, 

As it runs through the realm of tears; 
With a faultless rhythm and a musical rhyme, 
iintl a broader sweep and a surge sublime, 
' As it hlends in the Ocean of Years! 
How the winters are drifting like Hakes of snow, 

And the summers like birds between; 
And ihe years in the sheaf, how they come and they go 
On the river's breast, with its ebb and its flow. 

As it glides in the shadow and sheen! 
There's a magical isle up the River of Time, 

Where the softest airs are playing; 
There's a cloudless sky and a tropical clime. 
And a song as sweet as a vesper chime. 

While the Junes with the roses are straying. 

And the name of the isle is the Long Ago, 

And we bury our treasures there; 
There are brows of beauty and bosoms of snow; 
There are heaps of dust — Oh! we love them so — 

There are trinkets and tresses of hair. 

There are fragments of songs that nobody sings: 

There are parts of an infant's prayer: 
There's a lute unswept, and a harp without strings; 
There are broken vows, and pieces of rings, 

And the garments our loved used to wear! 

uf^W mirage is lifted in air; ' 
And we sometimes hear through the turbulent roar 
Sweet voices we heard in the days gone before, 

W'hen the wind down the river was fair! 

Oh! remembered for aye be that blessed isle. 

All the days of our life until night; 
And when evening glows with its beautiful smile. 
And our eyes are closing in slumber awhile, 

May the greenwood of life be in sight! 


Uhek the dreamy afternoon of the day had 
wsed and Christ hung on the cross, dead and de- 
"'';d, the religion he taught seemed to have re- 
"ved Its death blow. It was not what his foUow- 
.' ™ expected, and instead of a royal victor over 

« liiumphant Roman arms, a Redeemer of Israel. 

• fact 

»s a political actuality, all there was to show 

"•eWorld w; 



as a limp body, hanging dead on the 
was pitiful, viewed from the human stand- 
He had promised, they had hoped, and 
His immediate friends had left for parts unknown. 
JJM given it up. It was over. And the days 
,bb3,'/ '*"=" 'he gray streaked dawn of the 
loodij """^ '" """ «3S'«''" sk)'. Two women 
l=was "^ '■""^'-■hewn tomb and, lo! it was empty. 
'hite liX ,• ^"^ ^'"^ "-eally risen. And a great 
''told th '^ around and the heavenly mcssen- 

"^'fxion'^ ,*'°'^ °.' ^'^ resurrection. If the cruel 
«les«,i, "^^ terrible the resurrection was none 

'"'■'■■""atic and wonderful, 

^vas in n 1-I 

'= M.ister f ^ ^^" ^^^''' ^°"8h-spoken Galilee, that 
'^^'^ had w -"^^^ "^^^^ ^^^ presence known. The 
^d ihey . ^'^^^' ^hen they feared and lamented, 
yth. ij ^ ■ ^^ the last, let it go by them as a 
'°^' their kj*,\^^!^ indeed. And then he came. 

"eir he, 

mpiilsi\'e Peter 

'•it t u ^^^ tomb to assure himself per- 

't had actually happened. Thomas 

""ged k^H-i ^^"'^ doubted. I 
mall,, jj^^''^ 'n the tomh tr. r,.. 

^^^^ 't haVr^ ^'^ ^^^^" ^* ^^^^ incredible, even 
'^'■' from th ^" Pt'omised, that one should actu- 

'^^ '"tie ov ^'"'^^' ^"^ ^"^ P"^ ^'^ '^^"'^ '"^'^^ 
^_^^^An sJ^^ e^rment and felt the place where 

^ ^H he - y ^^"^ '^^t its mark. My Lord and 
"c said Til ■ 1 

iiie evidence was overwhelming. 

But after all some still doubted. Some doubt yet. 
But there are uncounted millions who have not seen 
with their eyes of the body, and who yet believe. 
The eyes of the soul discern not only the risen 
Christ, but the indwelling of him in soul and body. 
Pass through the world to-daj , and in the field is 
the man with the plow. Ten chances to one he be- 
lieves in his heart, and in some hearts glows the fire 
of faith that would make them abandon their homes 
and follow Him if called as was Levi from the cus- 
tom receipts. In the streets of the city one will 
jostle on all sides those who believe that He has 
risen. They have found out in some way that he 
has come into their lives, and they believe. They 
may not all give the same form of expression to it, 
but millions do belie\'e, and they live and die in his 

Into each life Christ comes at sometime, knocks 
at the heart, and is cither admitted a guest, or is 
turned away sorrowing. If the welcome is given 
this is the Easter day of our lives. It is well to set 
apart a season commemorative of His resurrection, 
but it is really his incoming to us that concerns us 
individually. In the springtime when the early 
flowers lift their heads in bloom, having" slept in the 
aTi'lp, LUlU ^aill!', iiyf ilie WiriTfiP/tftB IfefeSOTI o! fhft' 
ever recurring miracle of the Resurrection is taught 
in Nature. As in the garden and by the wayside 
some blooms come earlier than others, so in the 
heart some have their resurrection earlier than oth- 
ers. Happy the Inglenook reader whose welcom- 
ing of the coming of the dear Lord and Master was 
in the springtime of life. It is their Easter day. It 
is the day of days that should be remembered over 
and above all others. True in the world's great 
history the Resurrection stands preeminent in its 
potentiality, but, after all, it is the indwelling of 
Christ in us that makes us one with Him. It is this 
birthday of ours that is the real Easter to us. 

The blossoms that come and go, either in the 
conser\atory or in the wildwood, unseen, will have 
their day and finally pass away. So, we, too, shall 
one day pass over, and then the second and bodily 
resurrection that will follow our first acceptance of 
Christ will brighten our lives. 

And in that dread da}', dear Lord, thou who for 
us tasted death, do not forget the dear Inglenook 
people, but bring them, and all of us, togetfier in 
the morning of eternity. 


There is a saying that it takes all kinds of peo- 
ple to make up a world and those who eat clay, as a 
matter of preference, or as a food, belong to the pe- 
culiar classes beyond a doubt. 

Perhaps everybody has heard of clay eaters in a 
rude sort of way. Most persons probably believe it 
to be a yarn that there are such people at all. Yet 
it is a fact that there are whole communities who do 
eat clay habitually and who do it because they want 
to, not because they have to. They are found in 
the mountain regions of North Carolina and in 
parts of Georgia, possibly elsewhere, but not to the 
writer's knowledge. They usually constitute a class 
of people apart from others of their neighborhoods 
and are looked upon with contempt, no effort being 
made to disguise it. 

After one has been among the clay eaters long 
enough to note the physical effects of the practice 
there is no difficulty in knowing them anywhere by 
their peculiarly cadaverous look. Ordinarily the 

mountaineer and his family are fair to look upon, 
but the clay eater and his people have the mark on 
them beyond mistake. 

A writer in Everybody's Magazine telling about 
them says: 

" Each of these settlements is always located near 
a peculiar geological formation. Instead of the 
usual red clay which characterizes the soil of the 
mountain and hill region of this section of country, 
there are occasionally apparently spasmodic 
'breaks' in the land formation, where a radical 
change takes place for a short distance in the char- 
acter of the soil and vegetation. The clay gives up 
its red hue and takes on a loamy whiteness, inter- 
spersed with sand-beds. It is this white clay which 
is devoured by the clay eaters, not — as is sometimes 
supposed — the red variety so common throughout 
the section. The white clay is of a peculiar con- 
sistency, soft and rather oily to the touch, and being 
found only in certain localities is comparatively 
rare. It is said to contain arsenic, thus accounting 
for the force of the habit upon those who have ac- 
quired the taste for it, as well as for its peculiarly 
detrimental effect upon the system. 
I— It "Cht, ut i t y wate r s o ccam w rta iiy hotd iesttvals or give 
'di.ungs' among themselves, the menu of which is 
largely made up of clay, supplemented in summer 
by berries, or perhaps a ' pone ' of the coarsest 
corn bread, and always by a jug of 'moonshine' 
corn whiskey. 

"These beings make no attempt at regular work. 
They eke out an existence in winter by selling kind- 
ling wood in the nearest town or village; during the 
summer the most energetic pick and sell blackber- 
ries, and ' huckleberries,' which grow in profusion 
in this region. A few of the clay eaters own oxen 
— ^hardy mountain ' steers ' — and a pair of these at- 
tached to a rude, home-made nondescript sort of 
vehicle, containing an entire clay-eating family — 
father and mother and numerous cadaverous chil- 
dren — in their strange attire, or rather lack of con- 
ventional attire, is a familiar sight to those living in 
certain sections of the South." 

Some years ago the editor of Inglenook had 
business in the neighborhoods where these people 
live, and he not only saw the clay eaters and the 
clay, but in the interest of a closer acquaintance 
with the subject sampled it himself. It is a not un- 
pleasant, tasteless, smooth mass and in addition to 
the reason given by the magazine writei", — the pres- 
ence of arsenic and the formation of the arsenic eat- 
ing habit, — the idea is probably the filling of the 
stomach to distension, thus preventing the pangs of 
hunger in a country where good food is scarce and 
not easily had. The practice is a peculiarly objec- 
tionable one, reminding one of animal tastes, but it 
does not seem to have a very decided effect on its 
devotees other than giving them bad complexions 
and low standards of living. Some very old per- 
sons were seen, and they had been clay eaters all 
their lives. 

The Inglenook is in receipt of many flattering 
words about the paper. We are trying to make a 
good paper, and in the course of time we hope to 
add many attractions. It should be in every home 
in the Brotherhood. Old and young like it. 

A WEEKLY visit of the Inglenook to your home 
will keep the young folks in, and afford many a 
quiet and profitable hour to the older members of 
the family. 

»»» THE » INGLENOOK » » • 

^ Copfespondence ^ 



There are two ways of seeing Yellowstone Park. 
You may leave your train at Cinnabar, just at the 
northern boundary and take the government stage 
to Mammoth Hot Springs, eight miles away. Here, 
if you are not too tired, you may snatch a sight of 
the terraces before the stage starts in the morning. 
Traveling forty miles that day brings you to the 
Fountain Hotel and you spend a few short hours 
enjoying the sights there. But you must save your 
strength, for there are fifty miles to be driven to- 
morrow with an interval at the Upper Geyser basin 
to see Old Faithful perform. You would like to 
see the Beehive and any number of others in action, 
but they do not regulate their movements by the 
stagecoach, so you must content yourself with a 
sight of the craters and the eruptions of smaller 
geysers. Another day's drive brings you to the 
Canon Hotel, one more to the Hot Springs, and still 
another back to Cinnabar. 

You have made the tour of the park, one hundred 
and seventy miles, in six days; you have been very 
dusty and tired all the time, you have missed seeing 
nearly all the larger geysers in action and remember 
only a confused panorama of wonders framed in 
the dust which enveloped the coach and its six fleet 

This is "how not to do it." 

The other way is to have a private conveyance 
and time enough to grasp the marvelous scenes 
which Nature has sown broadcast through this Won- 
derland of America. 

My own visit in this region lasted less than a fort- 
night, but one should spend at least three weeks 
there to feel at all satisfied with the trip. 

We entered the Park from the west at about the 
center. It was the first of July and the country was 
gorgeous with flowers — acres of them, miles of 

them. One who has never seen such a region can 
ha\e but a faint idcTi M tl^c pTofv^trth "of Mornm- 
which is characteristic of a very short season. As I 

Here we spent several days in the square mile 
that holds the grandest geysers in the world. The 
country is wooded to the edge of the basin and the 
dead white of the geyserite deposited around the 
springs makes a vivid contrast to the green outside. 
Our camp was under a group of yellow pines close 
to the Firehole river. 1 wish I could spread before 
your eyes the scene before my tent. Just below us 
on the riverbank, the Riverside geyser threw out its 
jet of water in a slanting column across the river 
and a little further up the Fan and Mortar poured 
out their boiling contents at intervals. One spring 
beside the road especially drew my attention and I 
shall never read of the entrance into Hades without 
seeing in my mind the Morning-glory spring, with 
its white rim, its waters of faintest blue and in its 
depths the black hole of the crater, looking as 
though it reached down into the veiy blackness of 

The largest of all the geysers is the Excelsior, 
formerly called Hell's Half Acre. We did not wait 
to see this one in eruption as it has only been active 
two seasons in all the history of the Park. On 
those memorable occasions it threw out as much 
water as all the upper geysers combined and hurled 
tons of rock into the river. This geyser is incom- 
parably larger than any other. 

Next below in size comes the Giant, which also 
failed to perform for our amusement, though we set 
a watch by it one night thinking it was nearly due. 

As you stand in the middle of the basin, you can 
always see one or more geysers in eruption around 
you; the Grotto, dashing out in wreaths of spray 
from its caves; the Beehi\e, sending up a straight 
column of water as if from a hose pipe; the Lioness, 
with her cubs playing beside her; the Giantess 
pouring rushing streams of clear water over all the 
adjoining slopes, or some one of the lesser geysers 
spouting up to play for a few minutes in the sun- 

Each spring and geyser has its characteristic for- 
mation and coloring. The waters are exceedingly 
clear, looking like alcohol and vary in color through 
all the shades of red, yellow, green an d blue. The 

The loth of last October was a famon 

— - "Us an 


sary day for the Cubans— a sort of Cnban'V^""""' 
July— but curiously enough the inhabitants 

tiago had decided to celebrate it in silenc 
no merry-making, no music, no process' " 
course this disappointed thousands of Cuh '^ ''^'' 
dren quite as keenly as the boys of an A " '^'"'' 
city would have been disappointed if they h h^""' 
deprived of fire-crackers on the Fourth ( i 
General Wood heard of the trouble and '^ '' 
boy of his own, he knew just what to do. 
an invitation to all the children of the city to i-i'"' 
ride on the harbor in thp nnx,o^ ^^ 


Bright and early on the great day all the 

other harbor craft belonging to the Americam'"^ 
peared at the wharf side tooting their whistle ^ 
hundreds of children who had gathered, all in ik 
best attire, tumbled aboard. Boat after boat " 
loaded and set out down the bay, with a band I * 
ing "The Star Spangled Banner" and the Ciib' 

was a bi,. 

national air. In each of the boats there 

rel filled with lemonade, and the 

voyage tthicl 

look back at the scenes through which we passed, 
one of my most vivid recollections is of the great 
gardens of wild flowers stretched out on every hand. 
We first followed the windings of the Madison 
river, which, a little farther up. is called the Firehole. 
The narrowness of the caflon compelled us to ford 
again and again and we camped under a towering 
cliff with the river before us and a beautiful meadow 
at our feet. 

Another day brought us to our first hot springs, 
not far from the Lower Geyser basin. Here we 
camped, and, being travelstained and dusty, made 
good use of the time before supper in washing a few 
odds and ends in soft water from the hot spring a 
few yards away. 

We next repaired to the creek to bathe in its 
snow-melted waters just tempered a little by the hot 
springs that empty into it. In getting out, one of 
our party unfortunately stepped into a rill of hot 
water which ran down from an unnoticed spring at 
one side, and found it anything but a pleasant ex- 

The next morning we went up to the Fountain 
geyser to witness our first eruption. While waiting 
for it to begin, we consulted our guidebooks for 
data as to its height and peculiarities. Our books 
warned us to be sure to notice the sudden fall of 
the water in the crater after the eruption, which, it 
said, would last ten to fifteen minutes. Soon the 
water began to boil furiously and then to rise in jets 
and columns like many fountains playing together. 
We got excited over the display as every one does 
and rushed about and gesticulated and quite lost 
our heads over the gleaming, foaming spray. Hut, 
like Mark Twain's sunrise, there was a hitch in it 
somewhere, for at the end of fifteen minutes it 
tailed to stop. At the end of half an hour it seemed 
to be subsiding and we ran up to see the fall of 
water in the crater only to be met by a new outpour 
of spray which made my skirts drip as if just from 
the washtub and scalded mc slightly through all my 

There were hundreds of hot springs here and 
several geysers. We thought them quite remark- 
able at the time, I remember, but the recollection of 
them is almost lost in tlv 

while I write, all the gorgeous tints that make this 

water unlike any other. 

The geyserite, with which all the basins are 
coated, is of a variety of forms, most of them resem- 
bling coral and dazzlingly white. 

The geysers vary greatly in size. The Giant 
mounts up two hundred and fifty feet, and I noticed 
one tiny jet of water no higher than my finger that 
rose with a regularity that showed its connection 
with some larger outlet. 

Most of the larger geysers erupt at fairly regular 
intervals, some once in a few hours, some not of- 
tener than twice a week. The lesser ones usually 
play every few-minutes. 

Often as we drove through the wooded ways a jet 
of steam or a gleam of white geyserite gave notice 
of a geyser near at hand and in driving over the 
formation the hollow echo under the horses' hoofs 
made us realize that only a crust stood between us 
and the boiling point. 

The geysers, though most frequently spoken of in 
describing the Park, are by no means the only charm 
of this region. 

From the Upper Basin, we drove over the Conti- 
nental Divide, and descending by a beautiful moun- 
tain road reached the shores of Yellowstone Lake. 
The description of one lake does not differ much 
from that of another, but of all the scenes on which 
it has been my privilege to gaze, I remember as the 
most beautiful of all, this lake as we saw it at sunset 
from our camp. 
Arkins, Colo. 

\.Ta bt (tintiudfd. ) 

followed was such as only a crowd of children \h 
had never before made such an excursion 
enjoy. The Spaniards had been in commanj a 
Santiago for nearly four hundred years, but the 
was never a governor who took any interest in th 
boys until the Americans came. 

Since then General Wood is known in Santiaoo 
as " Our Friend " by the boys. Not many wetfe 
after the picnic on the harbor a great delegation oi 
children appeared at the palace and asked to ste 
the Governor. General Wood is a tall, powerfully 
built man and he wears a brown khaki suit and 
spurs. The average -Cuban man reaches hirdlv 
above his shoulder, and so when he appeared amono 
the boys and girls he looked like a very giant 
The spokesman presented the petition. He said 
that the boys and girls of Santiago had heard that 
the boys and girls of America were only required 
to go to school five days a week, whereas every 
Cuban school holds a session on Saturday the same 
as any other day. Now, were not the Cubans free? 

And shouldn't they be entitled to the same privi^ 

i^j,.., uo .,.^,. .... , — - -.•••■ — / » 

And' thus they made a strong plea for a Saturday 
holiday— a plea with which every .'\mencan boy 
and girl will sympathize. The Governor heard 
them through and then he explained to them thai 
the time had not yet come for making such changes 
in the school system of Cuba, but that some tin: 
they might expect to enjoy the same privileges » 
the American boys and girls. And they left hi" 
with a cheer. 

There are, indeed, no stronger friends ol tte 
Americans in Cuba than the boys and girls, Tfctt 
want to know just what is done in Americli 
schools, how the American children act, what lief 
play and everything else about them. And 1 1 
they want to do exactly the same things. WM ' 
more, they are anxious to learn English and t» 
are learning it much faster than the S""'" P^'°;„ 
Frequently when you go into a store '" j-" 'j^, 
clerks cannot understand what you ">'' "^^^ 
will bring some boy who is able to talk wit !» ■ 

of human life i* *« 

■ hall'''" 
die before they reach their seventh year, o"^- 

Of every 1,000 P"' 
f every » 

The average duration 
thirty-three years. One-fourth of the 

fore their seventeenth year, 
,ge c 
only six reach the age of si.xty-five. 

only one reaches the age of too years; ^^^^ ^ 

than one in 500 

lives to see the eigl 

htieth )'" 

There are about 1,500, 

000,000 inhabit.ints 


If there is one popular man in Cuba that man is 
General Leonard Wood, who has just been appoint- 
ed governor of the island. There are not many 
boys and girls in the city of Santiago who do not 
know General Wood when they see him on his big 
gray horse as he rides about the town. I remem- 
ber seeing three little h;df-clad, olive-skinned boys 
stop in the middle of the street on seeing the Gen- 
eral, pull off their tattered caps and salute him with 
military precision, all three showing their white 
wonders of the Upper I teeth as they smiled. And the General saluted in 

globe. Of these, 50.000,000 die every yea^'.j^^., 
per day, 5,595 per hour, about ninety per 
three in every two seconds. 

"^ 7" <T,ilar "*'' 
C.\NDV has been added to the it» ^ ^^^ | 

the American soldier. One New ^°' ^^^„» 

shipped more than fifty tons of confec 'o .^^^ £, 

the last year for the troops in the ?"' 'P' -jnd)' 

and Puerto Rico. The government^ " ) ^^^^ 

good quality, which 
forty cents a pound. 

uld ret.iil 



Geyser basin which was our next camping place. I return as if they had been soldiers. 

A GREAT many things that are ""^V cmon* 
were once considered poisonous. ^^^^ ^ ,,„ 
considered poisonous by the t^oi 
them to scatter among their clothes 
moths. It was a.bold man who hrs 
tomato or cook an egg-plant. 

and 1. 
St d»"' 

»»• THE » INGLENOOK »»» 

^;;,fyatape ^stady -^ 



five ostrich farms 


THERE a'-: ^^^ _^^j jl,e second that were esta 
«'"■ \''Le in southern California and are bd 
,|,edare"'°''= Los Angeles and Pasadena. The 

n the United 

iiuated •"="""" located, one in Texas, another in 
,Uier three »re 

, ,|,e other in Arizona, which was estab- 
florida, ana ^^^ ^^^^ j^.^_^^ ^^„^y^ ^^out three 

is''"' '" P,,„.nix It was begun by Josiah Har 


"''" "■roniron''e pair of birds. They proved to 

■ ", hreeders, and the enterprise was a success 

■ .( Indeed, so promising did it appear 
*""!: .tVlwo years ago the Arizona Ostrich Com- 

formed to carry on the business on a large 

'"''■ „nanv purchased the original pair of birds, 

^''rrprogeny, numbering .04 birds, thirty- 

t, tin/of the breeding age and twenty-six of 

'» „1 The ostrich company is said to be 

"""' ■"' ithas forty acres of alfalfa land, which 

P'";;"°rbe perfectly adapted^to the handling of 

industry, and a South African ostrich farm- 

"norted to have the charge. The flock has in- 

'"' rapidly, and is now the largest in the 

The governor of Arizona notices 

successes in his report and gives 

books. They 

li„,u-d States, 
„„,,. figures from the company s 
1" that a net profit of 82,500 was made last year 
„ feathers alone. Besides, forty-seven birds were 
° .,„d during the year, which, estimated at »ioo 
each bring the total profits of the firm up to S7.200. 
Tht valuation of the young birds is based on the 
f their product, and as they will yield one 
„d of feathers each during their first year, worth 
urrent prices about Si 5, or 15 per cent per an- 
num on Sioo, that would seem a low valuation. 
AnJuhen it is considered that ostriches continue to 
yield feathers of a uniform quality for a longer time 
than the average of human life and that they are 
ubject to any contagious or other known dis- 


nfit -- , 

eases, it would appear that ostrich farming should 

prove gre atly and steadily profi table. 

Icke, who was for fifteen years in ostrich farming 
in South Africa. He is reported as saying that the 
birds do as well in the Salt River valley as in Africa, 
and that they will continue to do as well is inferred 
from the fact that climatic and other conditions 
there are adapted to their requirements the same as 
in their native home. Only one bird has died dur- 
ing the year, while all the others of the flock are in 
perfect health. After the birds attain the age of 
four weeks there is little danger of their dying from 
natural causes for many years. It is not definitely 
known how long an ostrich will live under normal 
■conditions, but there are birds on the South African 
ifarms which are believed to have reached or passed 
jthe century mark, many of them having been in 
Itaptivity there over fifty years. 

The birds always pair off during the breeding 
Kason, the male bird making the nest by 
■testing his breastbone on the sand and turning 
■slowly round and round, scratching the sand away 
|mh his feet until a shallow hole is made, some 
Itluce feet in diameter and about a foot deep. The 
|Knialethen lays, usually fifteen eggs, and the birds 
urns sitting on them, the female sitting dur- 
l'"Sthe daytime and the male at night, except that 
I .'I ™'e allows the female about an hour in the 
I mdle of the day to feed, when he takes her place 
Itil. (""' ^5 a female bird will lay three set- 
T|,^"'°''8!,'s (or about forty-five) before she stops, 
incX ^ °"^ '^'^'^" ^'°"^ ^^" ^"^ hatched in the 
ll'st^h"'' ""^ ^'"^ '"'"'"^ permitted to hatch the 
Ij, th^" '^'''' "^^"^ '^Sgs hatch in about forty-two 
piieshell^ "''"^''■''^ helping the chicks to get out of 

'^ '^^ °"e week old weighs about five pounds, 
^'« h '^^'^ "''^ pounds and at maturity about 
rapiji ""'*"''' pounds. The chicks grow very 
- '■'■■aching a height of about five feet at four 

which they graze. During the breeding season each 
pair of birds is placed in a separate field about 
50 X 200 feet in size; the other birds are turned into 
large pastures together. One acre of alfalfa will 
furnish food for four full grown birds throughout 
the year. They require but little water and their 
keeper does not have to worry for fear he may miss 
a " run" of water and his birds have to go without 
any for a couple of weeks. Last winter the birds 
were given no water from September to April., yet 
they seemed as well pleased, and Mr. Icke says 
th^y have gone three years in Southern Africa with- 
out a drop of water, and apparently without any ill 

The birds require but little care, one man being 
able to do all the work connected with the farm and 
its one hundred and fifty ostriches, with the assist 
ance of an additional man who is employed by the 
day occasionally when picking or other extra work 
is necessary. 

The birds are first plucked when six months old, 
yielding about twelve ounces of feathers each, of 
the market value of S7.50 per pound. After that 
they are plucked every eight months, yielding an 
average of one pound of feathers each plucking, of 
the value of S17.50 per pound at present prices. 
During the last fiscal year $1,700,000 worth of os- 
trich feathers were imported into the United States 
from Africa and only about Si2O,000 worth produced 
in this country, so there is little to be feared in the 
line of competition from overproduction at home. 
As the government imposes a duty of fifteen per 
cent ad valorem on imported feathers the American 
farmer is amply protected from foreign competition. 
They are very shy and escape either by a quick 
stately walk or rapid run. When terrified their 
stride is from eleven and a half to fourteen feet. 
Taking twelve feet as the average stride, they would 
accomplish about twenty-five miles an hour. 
■When hotly pursued they sometimes turn upon 
their enemies, giving them severe wounds with their 
feet. Hunters clothe themselves in one of their skins, 
and under cover of this get near enough the stupid 
creatures to kill them with a poisoned arrow. 

Their food consists of fruits, grain, certain veg- 
etables, leaves and tender shoots, insects and snails. 

Other strings of pearls vary at from S6,000 to 810,- 
000, one at the latter price carrying a pendant of a 
bird in diamonds from whose beak hangs a tiny 
pearl. A dog collar of four strings of small pearls 
with diamond slides is very attractive. Several 
rings and brooches in which colored pearls are set 
bring large prices. These colored pearls, which are 
found with all the delicate tints of color from 
bronze through violet and rose, are highly esteemed 
by London merchants, and are rapidly bought up 
from the American dealers. 

These are fresh water pearls, and are found chiefly 
in America, especially along the streams of Wiscon- 
sin and that vicinity. 


In the plaza, opposite the cathedral of Oaxaca, 
Mexico, are some fine pecan trees which harbor a 
a number of squirrels. There are also seats for the 
footsore and weary as well as the sightseeing 
lounger. If you are not eaters of squirrel pie, and 
do not use " squirrel rifles," or grudge the squirrel a 
trifle of bark for architectural purposes, it is a de- 
lightful experience to have these fearless little 
Oaxaca citizens perch upon your shoulder and rob 
you of nuts or other dainties. They are importunate 
little beggars and do not take "no" for an answer, 
but head and shoulders they go for your inside 
pocket. They are the protected of all the city — 
rich and poor alike — and it would go hard with a 
stranger who presumed to molest them. 

"lonths of - „ 
llheyj ''^'^- At four years, when full grown, 

The fi"''''' ""'"'^ "^'Sh' fee' '" he'ght. 
** «reful| '''^^ '^^^^ ^'"^'' hatching the birds must 
►'"e-wh ^'/"'■"ehed and cared for to keep them 
' "'" four We " 

■■'quire bu 

'Vecks old they are considered safe 
: yuujj . - 'ittle special care after that age. 

Pitds obta^ ^'^^ '^"^ ^"' ^ ''"'"^ S^"' h"' 'he old 
'" 'heir entire living from the alfalfa on 

which a considerable quantity of stone is swallowed 
The crop is enormous and the gizzard very- power- 
ful. In confinement they are fond of swallowing all 
kinds of indigestible substances, some of which may 
be taken to aid digestion, but the most from mere 
stupid voracity. Visitors to them are apt to amuse 
themselves by tossing whole oranges at them, and 
seeing them caught in open beaks, and the oranges 
descend spirally in the almost upright long necks 
They will eagerly swallow almost anything whole 
that is given them. They begin to lay eggs before 
a spot has been fixed upon for a nest, and these sol 
itary eggs are often found lying forsaken all over 
the inclosure or district where they may be. The 
capacity of an ostrich egg is equal to that of twenty 
four hen's eggs. They have a strong, disagreeable 
flavor, but are relished by the bushmen of South 
Africa, who not only devour the contents, but use 
the shells as water vessels. Entire eggs are often 
suspended in Mussulman and even Christian 
churches in the East. The flesh of the young bird 
is said to be palatable, resembling that of a tough 
turkey, but in this country they are not eaten. The 
ostrich is inoffensive and easily tamed. 


A STRING of pearls of unusual size and purity, 
valued at the large sum of Si8,ooo, is being shown 
by a Cleveland (Ohio) firm, says the P/ain Dcaltr. 
among other fine pearl necklaces and chains. Aside 
from the admiration which the intrinsic beauty of 
the gem challenges, wonder is felt that it is possible 
to gather together so many of them that shall so 
perfectly match one another in size, color and 
beauty of luster. It takes many years to make up a 
string of such jewels, and this fact considerably en- 
hances its value. 

The same company has a large unset pearl which 
was brought in its original home within a piece of 
oyster shell by a soldier boy of Manila, who, in his 
turn purchased it from a native Filipino. This 
pearl is valued at S600. It lies securely in the 
pearly niche hollowed out for it by nature within 
the shell, and is large and of exquisite purity of 

Do plants have the power to move their parts? 
At first statement this seems hardly possible, but it 
is a fact that they do mo\e, or at least some do. 
You can verify this at your homes, and there is no 
more' common illustration of it than the going to 
sleep of the leaves at night. Take the case of the 
common clover. All know how the three leaves 
are spread out ordinarilj", but perhaps you do not 
know how they are disposed at night. It is read- 
ily seen at any time by observing the spread of the 
leaves of any one clover plant in broad daylight, 
and then looking at the same plant at nightfall. 
They are all distinctly shut up. A nd this is true of 
r^^, U not ail other plants, for if they are 

fWIWaAi', il uol all 
not so arranged with reference to the plant as to 
close they still shift their position as night comes 

Each plant has a different method of resting, and 
if you are of a turn of mind that leads you to look 
at such things note carefully the relative position of 
any leaf in the daytime, and then from the same 
angle of vision see how it is arranged when the 
evening comes on. A good many of them will 
seem to turn edgewise, and some plants, or rather 
their leaves, seem to be trying to turn elear over. 
This is a very simple matter to investigate, and you 
can do it for yourself at any time the leaves are out. 

Did )'0u ever think what a complex and highly 
organized thing a farm dog's nose is'' Every time 
you put your foot on the ground you leave the smell 
peculiar to yourself and the dog can detect it hours 
afterward, following you over the hard pavement 
where hundreds have gone before, crisscrossing 
your tracks, but the dog follows you till he either 
overtakes you, or the scent is lost. If there is a 
whole family on a visit, and the dog wants to find 
Jimmie he follows that track, and neglects the oth- 
ers till he finds the little boy. It is marvelous, 
when you come to think of it. Not all breeds have 
the same nose, as some use- their eyes and others 
their ears. In the selection of a dog for the home 
it is well to remember whether it is nose, ears or 
eyes you want most and secure the breed accord- 
ingly. ^ 

A WELL known Marblehead niotorman found a 
carrier pigeon in his yard recently. Seeing that 
the bird was in an exhausted condition he took it 
into the house, and, after giving it all it could eat, 
improvised a perch by putting a broom across be- 
tween two chairs. Here the weary bird rested for 
three hours or more, and was then allowed to de- 
part, the motorman having first fastened a note to 
one of its legs telling of the incident. A few d.iys 
later the man was surprised to receive a postal from 
the bird's owner in Brockton, saying that it had ar- 
rived safely and thanking him for his very kind and 
humane act. 

unit THE » INGLENOOK » » » 

AI 22 and u South SlatL- Stiuet, Elgin, Illinois. I'llte, tioo n ytM. It is 
■ high grade paper for high grade boys and girls who love good reading. 
iNGLENooK wants contributions, bright, well written and o( general interest. 
No love stories or any with Icllllng or cruelty in them will be considered. II 
you want your articles returned. If not available, send stamped and ad- 
dressed envelope. Send subscriptions, articles and everything Intended lor 
The Inclbnook. to the lollowing address: 



A GOOD many bo)'s and more girls bewail that 
they have no chance in life. They feel sura that 
they could readily distinguish themselves if they 
only had an opportunity. Now let us see how 
much there is to this statement. In the first place, 
there is something to it. There is a cant phrase 
that if one qualifies himself for any particular thing 
people will seek him out, A good deal of this 
might have been true some thousands of years ago, 
but there is nothing in it now. As a matter of fact 
the world is full of well qualified people, and they 
are searching personally, day and night, for places, 
only to find that there is a vast amount of competi- 
tion in the world, and that there are more pegs than 
there are hojes for them to fill. It is only when a 
person is phenomenally well qualifieti that he is 
sought Jout, If a boy or girl wait with their dish 
till it rains mush and milk they will go to bed hun- 

As a rule there is not as good a chance at [jome 
as there is farther away. Hut the worst of it is that 
So few aspiring youth can get away. Then in that 
instance you must make a chance. Do you think 
you are a writer? Then, instead of trying to en- 
lighten the world through some city magazine, be- 
gin in the county paper. If it is in you people will 
soon begin to see it, and then in time you can 
spread out into a wider circulated publication. Ate 
you the making of a great orator? Then try it at 
the home schoolhouse, or in the neighboring one. 
You have to begin somewhere, and at sometime. 
The nearest is the best place for that sort of thing. 
A.nd it is just so in pretty nearly everything. Take 
this as your motto, " Find a way or make one." 

ground himself thoroughly in the principles and the 
practices of the church, and, when the time comes 
that it needs a defender, to stand up for the cause 
of Christ and the church as stands a rock in the 
storm. The chance will be sure to come, and the 
man who is able to take the part will be a hero in 
the strife, even though he be slain. If j-ou do not 
feel that you have a special call for this work then 
qualify yourself so that when the call comes the man 
will not be wanting, so iar as )-ou are concerned, 
if God shall have so placed you next to the work,to 
be done. There are leaders in the church now, but 
they will pass over and others will take their places. 
Be ye ready for the battle, for it is going to be a 
fight as it always has been when the devil is to op- 

And the girl,— what can she do? Just as much 
and perhaps more than her brother. There will be 
writers and speakers wanted. Let her be ready 
with her pen and voice, and above all let it be for 
the right and no mistake about it, for of half-way 
people there is a surplus, while of the hero stamp 
there never was a supernumerary. The services of 
all will be needed in the future. The outlook was 
never better for the employment of the talents of 
real men and women in church work. But you 
want to remember never to get away from the 
shadow of the Cross, or out of sound of the Word. 

There are some men and women the writer knows 
who could be put on guard and left alone with the 
certainty that no matter what happened they would 
stay there till death took them. Is it so with you 
when the war is on? There is this difference be- 
tween the warfare of the Christian and the world. 
In the one death is personal defeat, and in the other 
there is no death, for death is victory. Are you 
ready to stand up without human help till you die 
in your tracks? If so you are wanted right at the 
fore when the time comes. 


Sometimes a boy or girl is very anxious to render 
some service to the cause of Christ and they arc not 
sure of the best way to go about it. Let us have a 
little talk .about this thing. The impulse is a very 
worthy one, most commendable indeed. In the 
first place what is the meaning of a Christian life? 
Is it to save one's soul? Yes, but that is a very 
selfish reason. There is another and a better one, 
and that is in the extension of the kingdom of 
Christ. Hone gets to looking on the work of the 
Christian in this way it soon becomes a broader 
field than it was before, and the incentive becomes 
less and less of a personal one, and more and more 
of a broader and deeper one. Sinking one's self is 
the beginning of perfection. 

Nothing can be done without personal correctness 
of life, and ^this is essential in every way. Given 
this fact there are certa'in other matters that are im- 
portant to remember in working for the good of the 
cause. One is that it is not for the best to get out 
of the procession and proceed as a free lance. On 
the other hand it is always best to keep in line and 
act from within the ranks if it is at all possible. 
Those who go off [may make a brave fight, but it 
does not amount to much in nine cases out of ten. 
The separatist] is usually left behind in the march 
He lacks the inspiration of his surroundings. 

There is going to be a wonderful field in the 
Brethren church in the near years to come for the 
earnest worker. How is it to come to pass? Well, 
there will be the natural changes incident to the 
forward movement of all organized bodies. Some 
of this will not be for the best. Now one way to 
render efficient service is for the young man to 


- Jj>Ja-«otw w «an t h y t lu i r- t | ui!otioM to ^k whether 

or not a boy living in the countrj- should always re- 
main there, but in the broader sense of the question 
to help him to determine about his going to the city 
to seek work. Of course there are boys and boys, 
and cities and cities, and there can be no hard and 
fast rules laid down to govern all. Still there are 
some general principles that may well be heeded by 
the ambitious youth, and they are incontrovertible. 
One often reads in the papers the story of the early 
youth of the prominent and successful man, how he 
went to the city with only a dollar in his pocket, 
and the inference is that all that is needed is a 
repetition of his early difficulties to secure the cov- 
eted ending. The unrecorded facts are that ten 
thousand or more went to the city, just as he did, 
and lost not only the dollar they started with, but 
never gained it, while many were and are yet being 
utterly wrecked. There is no monument over the 
thousands who went whistling in early youth to 
Lunnon town, and who crept back forty years after 
to die under the hedge. The shaft is raised over 
those who have succeeded. They are not the rule, 
and it is well to beware. 

Still, there are exceptions to the general rule, and 
there are instances where it is advisable to strike 
out for the great centers. Right here let the Ingle- 
nook give you some good advice. Make no start 
on the supposition that you know about the place 
you are going to, unless you really do know. The 
advertisements in the city dailies for unemployed 
skillful labor are thoroughly misleading, as they are 
read under the trees in the country. For illustra- 
tion a friend of the writer wanted a clerk in a 
grocery store, and inserted an advertisement in a 
daily paper setting forth his wants. No address 
was given other than the post office box, and this 
read in the country sounds as though such places 
were going a begging in the city. The place was 
worth only S5 a week, but nevertheless over six 
hundred letters were received by the advertiser 
nearly all of whom had experience. What chance 
would the country boy have stood in the face of 
that competition? The best way for the boy to 


is to secure some sort of too^^ 
he makes a move at all. This is only do °" 

friends, and if these are not available°"h *'°''^' 
hesitate long before making the plunge 't? °"'- 
expenseat eveiy turn in the city dos.'ii,! 
much each time as the continued little ex ' 
that eat up a little salary with a rapacity ^th"t' ' 
be experienced to be understood. "'*i 

It is recommended that no boy go to 
without some well-defined experience th '"' 
prepared to offer his employer in exchange'f'" " 
place sought. The boy may be honest in mi'*" 
the merchant that he can learn the business b " 
merchant is equally honest in telling the b "'"" 
he does not keep school and that there ar"* h"'*' 
dreds who know all about it that he c "^ 
from. If the boy has a thorough knowled r,* 
back him up, and has also good recommendati 
the fact that he is from the country is in u- ,* 
in the start. ''"" 

As to a girl going from home to work in th ' 
outside of the so-called professions of clericalVh" 
acter there is always a place for her in thousands"! 
homes if she is willing to work. For some une" 
plained reason, pride probably, the average count" 
girl rebels at the idea of working in "soraebodv^ 
kitchen." The fact is that in a small family „| 
good people a girl's lot as a domestic is far j,,] 
away ahead in every way except externals, o( the 
clerk or the office girl's. She should bring he, 
church letter, and recommendations from her 
friends, and seek church associations at the firsiop. 
portunity. Strange to say, the girl has a better 
chance for a start in the city than has her brother. 

A SHORT SERMON.-Number Two. 
Text : The Besetting Sin. 

Paul, himself one of the greatest men of the ages, 
tells us to lay aside the sin that does so easily be- 
set us. What is this besetting sin? Well, it is 
different in each individual. In some the »:eal 

^-.l... =., .....^ ."■"6> '■• "iiVJC.H .. ,» OOlll>.V.„Ug 

With the drunkard it is his love of drink, in the 
case of the thief his coveting others' property is his 
trouble. So it goes with all of us. Where oiheri 
are weak we may be strong, but none of us are so 
constituted that we have not some particular beset- 
ment that, if left unguarded, will be our undoing il 
time. It is this way. Our lives are like a chain, 
and as the strength of the chain is measured by the 
strength of the weakest link, so our natures, made 
up of thoughts and habits, may be attacked at some 
particularly weak spot. 

It is only the deepest thinker who turns in upo» 
himself an introverted eye and who knows where hh 
weakness most lies. It is the best Christian soldi" 
who, knowing this, guards against the attacks 
the enemy. There may be more than one well 
point in our armor, but there is always one thai" 
weaker than all the others, and this is the place f« 
the sin that doth so easily beset us to enter. 

After we are sure of our own weakness we i" 
more tolerant of the errors others make. Wee 
to be more apt to condone the offenses of ot "' 
when we have found out of what common clay" 
are mutually constructed. We may not sin m 
same way, but neither do others break at our e^P' 
cially weak spot ■"' - "' "' '' '"!'">** 

The moral of it all is '<> » 
Is that we ar 

Watch 3 

and pray. The result of it is that we are then ni* 
likely to be charitable toward others, 
pray. ^ 

The Indian sign language is =" """^'' "'°J'j„d£ ■ 
prehensive thing than most people ivomW ' '^l 
It is entirely possible for a party of Indians "^"^^A 
pletely translate every article in this issue ^^^l 
Inglenook in the sign language. Some ^.^^^^1 
shades of thought may be lost, but the "'^^*p,j(jjj| 
be transferred in the motions that are as 
the alphabet. 

A VERY prevalent idea among the '^°^'"'^ Ji,fil! 
of the south, especially with the very °' "i^^j, »«»i 
days, is that animals have a language 0' ^p,: 
that is well understood between theniseh"- 

Brer Rabbit said to Brer Fox is a fact to 


»»» THB » INGLENOOK »»» 

Methods of Proeeedure in 

filings JopJ^^^oPk^ 

Number Two. 


rase for a boy or girl, contemplating 
■>■"' rT, a profession, to begin work is about 
^legraphy a r^^.^^^^ ^^-^^ f,om a liking for the 
'■'""'"■ good elementary education, such as is 

business, IS ^B_^ high school course. Especially 
""^'TL,e be a good foundation in orthography, 
*° din<' or receiving a message there is no 

'' '"(Thesi^ancy in the matter of spelling a word. 
''"" hnsiness in which women as well as men en- 
" " \ t the telegraph authorities do not, as a rule, 
gage, bu ^^^^ ^^^^^ become as thoroughly 

P'°"',!s°n.en,and they are not able to stand the 
tra" of continuous hard work. At the same time, 
■,11 such cases, there are exceptions, an,d some 

" '" !, ,re very successful in the work, but it is not 
women aic v- / 

'"rhe' best thing for a boy to do in making a start 
,„ begin at the bottom of the ladder, going into 
' office as a messenger. This i« a place that is not 
very hard to get, and there is a practical side to it 
.hat stands the learner in good stead when he be- 
omes an operator himself. After getting the work 
of a messenger thoroughly by heart, he is ready to 
ao into an office. It should be remembered that 
Ihe work cannot be learned at home. There are 
cheap instruments offered for sale for the use of 
amateurs, but they are without practical merit, save 
as a means of practicing at home what is learned in 
an office. Once installed in an office as a learner 
the time required to become sufficiently expert to 
take charge of an office is entirely dependent on 
the natural ability of the learner and the interest 
taken in him by his teacher. There can be no time 
set, but as a rule it can not be rightly acquired in 
less than six months, and not more than a year 
should be taken. After the learner has mastered 
Ihat lie can take charge of an office 
ill find tirar-T n g ie aie inu u . i.u—.u u « 

the system of sending and receiving messages is en- 
tirely different from the business done on land 
wires. The two methods are not at all interchange- 
able, and require separate instruction. 

The calling has its advantages and its unpleasant 
side, and withal if the learner will completely mas- 
ter shorthand, typewriting, and then becomes thor- 
oughly expert as a telegrapher, if he also has the 
other qualifications referred to before in this article, 
he is likely to have profitable employment. Under 
such conditions of knowledge the profession is rec- 

The above concise presentation of the requirements of 
telegraphy in its best estate is from the pen of Mr. H. A. Haw- 
kins, a practical telegrapher of twenty years' practice as man- 
ager in the General Office of the Union Pacific Railroad at 
Kansas City, Mo. He is thoroughly expert in his calling, and 
what he says should be carefully studied and heeded by any of 
our readers contemplating the work referred to. 


himself he 

work open to him, commercial, that is the usual 
business of telegraphy between individuals, and rail- 
road work. In either instance it is his acquaintance 
with the appointing powers that will get him a 
place, or in the absence of personal acquaintance 
with them, through some friend who does know 
them. The securing of an office under favorable 
conditions does not present extraordinarily difficult 
conditions. New offices are being established, oper- 
ators die and are shifted about, and it is in the un- 
important and least paid places that the beginner 
will start. He will get at the first, from S30 to S50 a 
month, and about the highest he will ever receive 
will be from Sioo to Si 15 a month, and then only 
after thorough qualification, and successful expe- 
rience. It is also a fact that no discrimination be- 
tween the sexes is made in the matter of salary. 
Equal pay for equal service is the rule. 

The moral qualifications of an operator are skill, 
sobriety, fidelity to his employer's interests, and 
last, but by no means least, he must never tell with- 
out express permission the contents or character of 
any message sent or received. Failure in this lat- 
'" particular will be very apt to lose the incumbent 

's position. I suggest railroad work as preferable, 

"' I do not recommend the profession to any 
young friend looking ahead for a life calling. 

"ere is this to it, however, and that is if the aspi- 

"nt has a working knowledge of typewriting and 

^'"°S"phyhis chances are infinitely improved, and 

ese additional accomplishments are secured I 

I recommend the profession to any young 

"end of mine who has a liking for the work. 
^ ere arc many reasons for these additional qualifi- 
Jbons, most of which will be apparent to the read- 

abh • "^"^ "^'^ °^ ""^ ™''^ there is a system of 
^^breviations called the Philip's code, a sort of sys- 
and^'"^ ^'^°'''"=ningof each word sent, easily learned 
mit °k" ^"^'l"'''^'' enables the telegrapher to trans- 

about seventy words a minute 
^^h work don, 

abs'l"^' "'"^ lessening the expenses and securing 
sa " ^ secrecy in case an important business mes- 

iheoc ''"" '"'° """ ^'■°"S hands. Much of 

si, °,"'" "blc business is done in this way. It 

" be understood that the cable business, and 

There is also 
code or cipher in commerc 


It seems more than a little strange that, in spite 
of all the boasted improvements in weapons of war, 
the deadliest of all instruments of death in use to- 
day was as familiar to our grandfathers and great- 
grandfathers in the earliest years of the century as 
to us. 

Machine guns, such as the Maxim and Catling, 
each pouring forth a very deluge of bullets at the 
rate of several hundreds a minute, and mowing down 
the enemy's ranks as a scythe mows down grass, are 
very terrible weapons; but for sheer destructiveness 
and the power to demoralize the enemy they must 
yield precedence to the shrapnel shells, within whose 
" operative area " nothing can live. 

These deadly projectiles were invented two years 
before Trafalgar by a Colonel Shrapnel, a British 
officer; but, as is the case with so many inventions, 
the original shrapnel shell was of very primitive 
construction. It consisted of a spherical shell, filled 
with bullets and a bursting charge of gunpowder; 
but, as it had a trick of exploding at the wrong time, 
and was only reliable in its uncertainty, it was often 
a source of as much danger to friends as to enemies. 

... , pr (yf,ni ''"i r i tr'e urojectile that the 

wonderful shell of to-day has been evolved. The 
modern shrapnel shell consists of three parts: the 
base, the head, and the tube which runs through its 
body. The explosive charge is placed in the base 
of the shell; and on a kind of diaphragm placed 
over this charge two or three hundred bullets rest, 
being kept in position by resin, which is melted and 
poured over them. 

Running from the base to the point of the shell is 
a tube filled with powder to connect the explosive 
charge in the base with the fuse which is placed in 
the head of the shell. 

Before firing the shell the distance of the enemy 
is calculated and the fuse is cut down to such a 
length that the shell will explode at the precise 
fraction of a second when it can inflict most damage. 
In other words, the fuse must be of such a length 
that the charge will be exploded when the shell is 
about 20 feet above and 50 feet in front of the 


The fuse is ignited by the act of firing; and as the 
shell screams through the air at the rate of 800 to 
1,000 miles an hour, it burns rapidly until, just as it 
is on the point of striking the enemy bodily, the 
charge at the base of the shell is ignited, and with a 
terrific explosion the shell is shattered, pouring 
down its deadly hail of a quarter of a thousand bul- 
lets over an area of about 500 square feet. The 
bullets are so evenly distributed from this terrible 
•■ spray diffuser " that, if 25° men were massed with- 
in this area, every man would either be killed or 
dangerously wounded. 

In some recent experiments with shrapnel, shells 
were fired at a range of a mile and a half at a wood- 
en target one inch thick. Fifty yards behind this 
target screens were placed to represent a battalion 
of infantry; in columns of companies. The shells 
were explo'ded on contact with the target, and the 
number of hits on the screen were counted. From 
one shell i6o2hits were scored, each hit in all proba- 
bility representing a man's life; a second shell made 
180 hits; and from a third shell no fewer than 220 
out of its 250 bullets found billets on the screen. 

Thus a single shrapnel well aimed is capable of 
doing terrible execution on an enemy; but their de- 
structiveness only becomes apparent when we con- 

sider the rapidity with which they can be fired. Let 
us take, for illustration, a single battery of half-a- 
dozen guns and see what havoc it might conceivably 
do within such a short limit of time as a quarter of 
an hour. 

Each gun is capable of firing a shell every five 
seconds, or twelve shells a minute; and as each shell 
has on an average 250 bullets, a single gun can de- 
luge the enemy with 3,000 bullets a minute or 45,000 
bullets in a quarter of an hour. Thus a battery of 
six guns has a killing capacity of 270,000 men in 
fifteen minutes, assuming that each bullet, as it 
might do, killed a man. 

The effect on an enemy of, say, six batteries 
showering on them a hail of over 100,000 bullets a 
minute may well be conceived; and it is little wonder 
that the Dervish hordes at Omdurman fell before 
such a tornado of destruction like grass before the 
scythe of a mower. 

A shrapnel shell weighs only about 14 pounds, 
and of this weight its burden of bullets is nearly 
half. It has an effective range of two miles, and an 
average speed of flight of 1,200 feet to 1,300 feet a 
second. Swiftly as it flies and short as its journey 
is, the second shell is following from the same gun 
on the track of the first before the latter has traveled 
much more than half of its journey. 

When a shell of any kind bursts in flight the 
pieces all go forward in fan-like shape, and those in 
the rear are not often hurt. The whole business of 
the destruction of human life is a terribly wrong one, 
and those who know war the best are the ones who 
condemn it most. When the world gets civilized, 
or Christianized, which is the same thing, there will 
be no more war. 


All women desire to be beautiful, but not all 
have their wishes gratified, and it is their own fault. 
Beauty is a pretty hard thing to define, as it difiers 
in different parts of the world among different peo- 
ples. What is ravishingly beautiful, or so regarded, 
in one section, is not by any means passable in oth- 
er parts. So, after all, the term is a relative one. 
If complexion is meant there is nothing in it, as it 
can be bought at so much a box. And if it is nat- 
-«iT»t-«-disot4«»ed--lu»«-u(iiieU_it. 1£ it is in the 
figure the modiste can work wonders. But what 
lasts, and can be lost through no outside influence, 
comes from the soul. Therefore, soul cultivation, 
and all that that means, is the only true and correct 
method of being beautiful. Be good and you wiit 
be not only happy but you will become beautiful. 

Who has not seen the face of some woman hard- 
ened out of all womanly qualities? One can see it 
in any city on the streets after night. No matter 
what the features and the form may seem to be 
there is no doubt of the absence of loiable quali- 
ties. On the other hand who has not seen the 
saint-like face that no regularity of feature charac- 
terized? It is a fact that people come to gradually 
look as they think. The inference is plain. Think 
right, do right, and live right, and all the rest takes 
care of itself. Boys fall in love with a face, men 
incline to notice figures, but both boy and man 
revere goodness in women, and goodness is beauty. 

In the large plains called "Llandees," in south- 
western France, the people use stilts as a matter of 
course. These plains arc generally flooded, though 
not to a sufficient depth to enable people to get 
about in boats. The stilts are not held in the 
hands, like those we are accustomed to see, but are 
firmly strapped to the side of the leg. The person 
wearing them carries a long pole to balance him- 
self and aid him in walking. This pole has usually 
a cross-piece at one end, so that by putting it at a 
slant on the ground behind him, the |3erson on stilts 
can sit down on it and rest. It is a common occur- 
rence in that country to see men and women sitting 
and knitting in this exalted position, while the 
sheep they are tending wander about the plain. 
They wear their stilts all d.ay long, putting them on 
when they go out in the morning and taking them 
off only when they return home at night. 

" It's impossible for you to lift yourself up by 
your bootstraps, isn't it, Johnny?" asked the teach- 
er of a small pupil. " Yes'm," answered Johnny. 
"Now," continued the teacher, "can you tell me 
why it's impossible? " " I guess it's because 1 wear 
shoes," was the logical reply. 


»»» THE » INGLENOOK »»» 

Good ^^ l^eading 


A DAY in the country in early springtime when 
the cherries are in blooni and the robins and the 
blue birds are nesting. Overhead the fleecy clouds 
sail westward in the azure sea and the cattle in the 
meadow wade in the grass where grows the yellow 
dandelion, and the ribbon of a brook goes dancing 
over shallows or swirling in the dark eddies. There 
is peace everywhere as Frank and Florence, eight 
and six respectively, gather the wild flowers on the 
banks, or play in the grass under the meadow ma- 
ples. Up on the porch is the young mother, in a 
rocking-chair, knitting while she sings: 

" Perfect and true are all tiis ways 
Whom heaven adores and earth obeys." 

And now and then she notes the children at play 
and it is a picture of perfect peace. The swallows 
race from the barn roof, the blinking cat purrs, the 
merry laugh of the children wafts on the breeze, 
and all the blossoms are nodding and the leaves are 
dancing. Now tell me if earth is not beautiful and 
life is not sweet. 

Down in the meadow where the brook runs is a 
shadow none sec. Gathered from the infinite it 
grows apace. Florence wanders near the edge of 
the pool, and reaching over, loses her balance and 
falls in. There is a wild cry and the boy runs ter- 
ror sped, for the A cloud comes between 
the sun and the earth. It races over hill and hol- 
low, meadow and upland, and as it reaches the 
house the mother sees, just as the line, 

" Perfect and true are all his ways," 
trills out on the balmy air. A world of despair sur- 
sounds all and every blossom shudders and all the 
leaves are still. The silence of the Valley of the 
Shadow is in the air. 

Here upon the dark green carpet of the meadow 
lies the house in which the soul of little Florence 
once dwell,— only half an hour ago was she its 
merry tenant. And how black the gloom now, as 
the limp body with its curls of tangled gold half 
covering the peaceful face upturned to the skies 
lies in the grass. Clinging, wcl clothes, the horri- 
ble, terrible silence, that eloquently answers the 
wild cries of the mother and then the dread silence 
of the boon of insensibility. And then a robin 
pipes his roundelay. The bluebird whistles his 
flute-like note, and the leaves are dancing and the 
blossoms nodding again. Nature never sympathiz- 
es with the inevitable. 

Up in the house, in the darkened front room is .i 
little coflin framing the closed eyes and the peace- 
ful face of the child. The neighboring children 
have given their tribute of white violets and lilacs 
and the room has the quiet of death and the heavy 
perfume of shut in flowers. Up stairs a lone mother 
weeps and the night hours pass on leaden feet till 
the gray in the east burns into the glow of the 

Out on the hillside is a little mound that would 
not stay a child in its race and under it lies the tiny 
dwelling in which the child lived. A woman in 
black is silent now, though all leaves and birds and 
blossoms are singing. Some day in the far— the 
near future, we shall know all about it. St Paul 
says we see through a glass darkly now, but then 
doubtless all of us shall say: 

" Perfect and true arc all his ways. 
Whom heaven adores and earth obeys." 

Style is in the form of tablets to be taken into the 
mouth and there dis^lved; the other is the same 
thing in granular form to be dissolved in water and 
used as a drink. The people who use it are not 
only invalids and children, but no end of cyclists, 
professional men, and others, find it of great \'alue. 
It is a condensed, perfect food, that is acceptable 
in taste and effect to the weak and the strong alike. 
While a few of the tablets, about the size of a pep- 
permint lozenge, are clearly not " fillin' " in the 
matter of bulk it is also true that they are satisfying 
in effect for the time being. It is not likely that 
there will ever be any form of food that a man can 
carry a week's supply around with him in his pocket, 
but it is also true that there are people and times in 
the lives of all, especially the infant, the weak, and 
the very old, when some form of food ready made 
for the system to take up, is a very much to be de- 
sired matter. Milkine is one of these foods and it 
does its work. 

Now what is it made of? Well, all there is in it, 
roughly speaking, are milk, malted barley, gluti- 
nous flour, lean beef, a little lime and salt. Half of 
it is milk and the other half is made up of the 
above named parts. The farmers around Elgin 
furnish the milk daily, and the best parts of the 
round of beef are used. The whole composition is 
mixed together and reduced in vacuo. This is the 
vacuo " method. There is a large orange- 
shaped vessel in which four or five men could be 
placed, and this is charged with about two hundred 
gallons of the mixture. The air is then pumped off 
the top of the vessel, heat applied and the pumping 
kept up. The whole mess is boiled down in an air- 
tight vessel till it is of the proper consistency, when 
the process is stopped and the mass is either 
moulded in tablet form or ground into a powder, 
bottled and put on the market. This is the rough 
of it and will give the ordinary reader the idea 

1898, the arrivals at New York were only 
63,825 less than in 1S99. Deputy Co '^'^''^•'" 
McSweeny told me he fully expects the'fi"""'""" 
mount up to four or five hundred thousa^,!i^" *'" 
the present year. " ''uring 

In the waiting-room of the barge office 
scene is presented. Groups of Germans 'r "'°"''' 
Irish and Italians are waiting to meet' """'■ 
others are changing money or writing let[^'^''*'^'' 
here and there are little knots huddled ^'^' '"^ 
heaters. There are Hebrews, long-beard"!!*' "" 
black-eyed; Scandinavians, fresh-colored an I 1 ''"' 
eyed; and Italians, with swarthy skins a 1 
eyes. Most picturesque, probably, are the"? ''" 
and the Swiss. The Syrian is the type „<"'"' 
peasant of Beirut, one who has come ofar "" 
has been oppressed for centuries. r» :. ■ . '^'"•at 

IS interestii 

to note the brightening-up process which th,. 


pie undergo after their arrival. No 

sooner do thi 



breathe the air of freedom's land and feel th ' i '' 
safely on its friendly shore, where religio'^ 
political persecution is unknown, than tht;!? "' 
kindle, and their ,„hoi„ „.„ 'eir tace. 


without going into details. The chemical processes 
are beyond the layman and we will not enter upon 
them more than to say that they leave the food ele- 
ment in the shape to be immediately used and the 
valueless parts are eliminated. All baby foods try to 
reach this end and while we do not know about the 
ot hers undoubt edly Milkine fills the bill. The In- 
■CT-EHOBR malfers here In ftP Mtice think «-.Il ,^f fi,.. 
product and doubtless man}' a life might be saved 
by the timely use of something of the kind. The 
Milkine people employ about twenty-five people in 


Nearly everybody has seen the advertisements 
of the various condensed foods intended for infants 
and for invalids, but few know how they arc made 
and what goes into them. So we concluded that as 
nothing was too good for Inglenook readers we 
would look up one of these industries and tell what 
we saw and heard. Now it so happens that right 
here in Klgin is the manufactory of one of the 
widest known and most successful foods of its kind. 
It is known as Milkine and the name is but little 

le to its make and use. We investigated the mat- 

1 and will tell what we saw and heard. 

About five years ago Mr. John 11. Hethrington 

invented this particular combination of foods and a 

"tnpany began putting it up. It comes in two 

ims, in neat bottles, heremetically sealed. One 

the factory and their product is sent all over the 
world, two car loads of it going out this month. 

A good many of our readers are interested in 
children, and in the picture herewith are shown three 
of them who arrived at once in this cold world Jan. 
30, 1898, in Elgin, ahead of schedule, and the com- 
bined avoirdupois of the trio was a beggarly four- 
teen pounds. Clearly they were not cases for ]l'ic- 
ncy WiirsI and sourcrout, but Milkine was used and 
their picture shows how much alive and kicking 
they are to-d.iy. The young gentleman to the left 
is John, the lady in the middle is Jeanette, and Da- 
vid stands to the right. The triplets, with their 
parents, who also are alive, live here in Elgin. 



WoNDEKFlJL is the way immigration is increasing 
this year. It promises to reach flood tide. New 

'open door " through which 

York is, of course, the 

is pouring the vast stream. Most of the arrivals in 
America are at this port. During the last twelve 
months, 297,862 immigrants arrived at the various 
ports of the United Slates, and of these 242,573 
came through New York. During the entire year. 

whole persons seem to be uZ 
A very striking case of this character „T 
that of a Syrian girl, who came over lately Sh 
was dull, and seemingly very much depressed 
her arrival; but in a few days she seemed to be"" 
thoroughly interested in her new surroundings iZ 
she brightened up, and began to dress more neatly 
As if just awakened from a dream, she began t 
take an active interest in all she heard and saw 
about. A similar transformation can be noted evel 
in the glum and taciturn Poles and the Russian He 
brews. Their physical horizon seems to widen, and 
they gradually realize the wonderful possibilities o( 
the new country. The faces of the Italian women 
afford a unique study, being picturesque both in 
youth and age, and quaint in expression, color and 
contour. A group of Italian women probably pre. 
sents a greater variety of color in costume than any 
other female group of immigrants arriving on our 
shores. The sharp contrast of shades and tones, 
the predominance of yellow, blue and red, the odd' 
looking head-wraps, and the abundance of tawdry 
jewelry, are all peculiar to the olive-skinned daugh- 
ters of Italy. Simpler in dress, softer in features, 

.-.-.J l.;„.ll,. - > > r o - — %j-,^jj..,„, a,u 

the women of Lithuania. They are generally tall 
and well developed, qualified to become the moth- 
ers of a race of strong sons of the republic. Many 
of these go to the Western and Middle States 
to farms. The Syrian women have a dreamy, 
indolent cast of features peculiar to all Orien- 
tals. Like the men of the Orient, they usual- 
ly become traders, merchants or peddlers, but 
rarely laborers or producers. The Armeni- 
ans, as a rule, have dusky skins and the strong, 
heav)' Asiatic type of features common to all 
natives of Syria, Arabia and Anatolia. 

One j'oung Armenian, who came in the steer- 
age several months ago, with a scanty ward- 
robe and slender purse, and unable toreador 
write a word of English, has now a good posi- 
tion in the city, and is able to read and write 
very well. He is a fair type of the thoroughly 
industrious and ambitious Oriental. Some marry 
American or European girls, who make good wives 
and help them to succeed in life more rapidly than 
if they had married one of their own race. 

This quick change is apparent among the groups 
of foreigners who go to the barge office, as the re- 
ception depot is officially designated, to meet 
friends and relatives. They themselves may have 
been here only a short time, yet they usually ap- 
pear so well dressed and prosperous that one would 
hardly recognize in them the immigrants who land- 
ed only a few months before. 

Out of every one thousand men, nine hundie 
and fifty become citizens by naturalization. 

In Iceland horses are shod with sheep's horn; m 
the valley of the Upper Oxus the antlers of ih' 
mountain deer are used for the same purpose, li"^ 
shoes being fastened with horn pins; in the Sou*" 
the horses are shod with socks made of came | 
skin; in Australia horseshoes have been tried " 
cowhide. A German not long ago invented a horse- 
shoe of paper, prepared by saturating with oil. '" 

of i"^" 

pentine, and other ingredients. Thin layers 
paper are glued to the hoof till the requisite thic- 
ness is attained. Shoes thus made are inipene 
ble by moisture. Hard rubber is also used. 


!■»» THE » INGLENOOK »»» B«ls«r. India. President; John R.Snyder. Belle- 

.=n4 -W. B. sle'*''' Q.u. Wenger. North Manchester, Ind.. 

?J« "«»■ *"'?J"S Ko^c„be°ge,. c'.ington, Ohio.Secet,,, and 


„ Now let us sing," and at the word 

From prairie pulpit uttered, 
Like rustling leaves before a shower, 

The white-winged pages fluttered. 
Then burst the hymn; the long grass waved 

The grouse stirred in its cover: 
Siill stood the deer with head erect, 

Up sprang the startled plover. 
.. What though the spicy breezes 

Blow soft o'er Ceylon's isle; 
Though every prospect pleases 

And only man is vile? 
In vain with lavish kindness 

The gifts of God are strewn; 
The heathen in his blindness. 

Bows down to wood and stone." 
lyric grand! thy noble words. 

All noble deeds suggesting; 
Have ever stirred the Christian heart, 

To work and toil unresting. 
And till the church's fight is fought. 

Thine utterances glorious, 
A battle cry, a trumpet call, 

Shall lead the host victorious. 

&1, Sunday H Sehool Shu 


Fop * the * Wee * polk 




Sister Mvra Forney, of Lanark, 111., says, "A 
good iiiotto for the work is ' all at it and always at it.' 
I am quite sure if young people could realize the worth 
of the reading, it would take little solicitation to 
get many to take up the work. But there is where 
the effort is often required on the part of the secre- 
tary, to impress upon others the importance of this 
means of improvement." 

Sister Maggie C. Weckert, of Keyset, W. Va., says, 
"I have read five books, and ' Do not Say' is one of 
the best books I ever read. I believe six members 
joined the Circle here, but they are scattered abroad 

■ ^-^—^\^^ — I 'i"- t-n ,tr'lt° ^"^"^ 

the church. 

Brother J. C. Groff, of Holmesville, Nebr., is still at 
work. How great is the need for faithful laborers 
everywhere. He writes, "I am glad to send you 
two more names for the Circle. I need more circu- 
lars. With God's help I will do what I can for the 
Circle, because I think it is one of the means of 
showing us our whole duty to God. Let us work 

Sister Libbie Hall of Batdorf, Ohio, writes, "We 
have now partly organized our Reading Circle, and 
1 enclose thirteen promise cards and I hope to send 
more soon. I used to read about the Circle in the 
Goifd Messenger. May God bless all his workers 

We are glad to give a hearty welcome to these 
new members this week: 

"SO, ]. W. Swigart Maitland, Pa. 

"'■' °™ Cullen Holmesville, Nebr. 

■:S2. GussieCullen Holmesville, Nebr. 

"S3, Cassie Davis Batdorf, Ohio. 

-S4, Sarah Smith Wauseon, Ohio. 

' '' f "*V Berkeybile Delta, Ohio. 

6.L,bbi=Hall Batdorf, Ohio. 

S7, Nancy Smith -Wauseon, Ohio. 

„f ■ Suniuel Berkeybile Batdorf, Ohio. 

, J?' Zf^" Lawrence Batdorf, Ohio. 

'^^MWrX'::;: Winomeg. Ohio. 

'^62, Cora E. Ritch'ey 

'%Mauie Smith...... 

'-^1. Aaron Smith. 

{Lesson for April zg, jgoo.) 

Golden Text.— He hath done all things well.— Mark 7: 

Of al! the characters in the New Testament none 
stand out so dramatic as the figure of John the 
Baptist, the forerunner of Christ. His work, his 
life and his tragic end combine to make him a 
marked figure. At first he is shown to us as one 
preaching repentance, and baptizing to that end. 
His baptism was not Christian baptism, but prepar- 
atory to the coming of one greater than he. 

When John sent the messengers to see the Master 
it was for the purpose of ascertaining definitely 
whether or not he was the promised Christ, the man 
he had baptized. The answer returned by the mes- 
sengers was a practical one. They were told to re- 
turn and tell John of the miracles they had seen 
personally, and this was the best answer. John had 
been predicting these things and now they had 
come to pass. The answer was beyond cavil or 

It is likely that John was in prison at this time 
where he had been put by the authorities for his 
boldness of speech in reproving sin. What he 
wanted was direct testimony of the reality of the 
divine powers of Jesus and this he hoped to get 
through the witness of the messengers. He got it, 
not in a direct answer, but by showing the messen- 
gers a realization of all the predictions made con- 
cerning Jesus. 

The Master was telling the story of his great 
mission. John had about finished his work. Both 
were doomed to die by violence, and both did so 
die. It is a lesson for some of us these latter days 
when we complain of the severity of our environ- 
ment. We do not remember the troubles of those 
who have gone before and who tasted death. The 
fact is that no great thing in the world was ever 
won by ease and indolence. On the contrary work 
and pain are the accompaniments of success and 

Oh, this is just as lovely 

As ever anything; 
I am so glad I came here 

To sit and swing and swing. 

The board is going to teeter — 

But I guess if I hold tight 
I'll swing so high I'll touch the sky. 

And go clear out of sight. 

But, O my! what's the matter? 

I'm surely slipping away! 
There, now, I'm down, I'll come around 

And swing some other day. 


Winomeg, Ohio. 

Winomeg, Ohio. 

Wauseon, Ohio. 

\if.' I- , """' Wauseon, Ohio. 

^"i. ^atah Berkeybile, Delta, Ohio. 


1'"E cares of 

m tak: 

is life will not^prevent any one 

's the don 

"ig up one of these courses of reading; it 

t cares that keep them from it. 

r ' ■ 

littlj.'™"" ■tillage there once lived an industrious 
ii,„ ° was desirous to earn his own spend- 

and oi 1 ^^' ''^ began the gathering of bones 

colored '™" '^"'^ "^"^ ^ buyer came, and as the 
"lerch "l-^" "^^ weighing in his balances the boy's 
don't 'I" '^"^ ^ bystander said: "Now, old man, 

PliecS;^=^^^''^ w.- 

'as I 
ere do ^ 

' I certainly won't," he re- 
am not going to stay here long.' 

am g^j- *^ ^^" propose going? " he was asked. " I 
be weieh^ ^A iuclgment. As I weigh here, so shall I 
to be tour ' ^^^'^^' ^""^ '" ^^^^^ balance I do not want 



The lessons taught by the passage under consid 
eration are many. The first that suggests Itself is 
the earnestness of the parties. John wanted to 
know. Jesus was willing to tell and did so with the 
utmost evidence. The wondering crowd seems to 
have been doubting in character. It is nothing 
new. It is the age-old story of those who, seeing, 
yet refuse to see, and hearing, yet hear not. It 
would seem that if miracles were wrought in our 
day and time, such as are recorded by the Book, 
there would not be the slightest ground for doubt. 
Yet those who saw them doubted in many instances. 
The world has changed, but the human heart is ever 
the same with its willing suspicions of wrong where 
there is only good. It is not the way to best inter- 
pret life. When once the grace of God has fallen 
into a human heart as falls the dew on the flower 
there should never be a moment of relaxation of 
belief nor aught but that which characterized John's 
message, a desire to know more of the certainties of 
the case. When that condition is present there will 
be no room for doubt on the plan that when the 
heart is full there is room for nothing more in it. 
The cup that is full will hold no more. 

The austerity of the life of John the Baptist is 
proverbial. That of the Master is well known. It 
also enforces the teaching that the living out of 
Christianity is not of the purple. It may be that a 
king may be a saint, but oftener in the quiet life of 
the lowly the true inspiration of Jesus stands out 
brightest and most alluring. There is nothing in 
the teaching of the Christ that prevents the accept- 
ance of it by both prince and peasant, but the facts 
are that too often we seek in vain for the crown of 
thorns on the head of him who wears the purple, 
while on the brow of the humble we find our bright- 
est diadem of hope and truth. 

"Yes, yes; run away and do anything you want 
to," said nurse, in a cross tone. 

Nurse was talking over the fence to the girl next 
door, and did not want to be bothered with little 
Aimee. Aimee walked slowly around the house, 
and down to the front gate. 

A street car came by, and her face brightened, as 
she said to her doll, "Dolly, would you like to go to 
Aunt Belle's?" Dolly smiled sweetly; and that was 
how Aimee knew that she wanted to go. 

"Well, then, we must hurry, Dolly dear, for it's a 
long ride to Aunt Belle's. Let us run and catch 
the next car." So the tiny mother with her smil- 
ing child opened the gate, and started off to see 
dear Aunt Belle. 

When the car came near she held up her finger to 
stop it. The driver laughed at the wee passenger. 
He stopped his car, while the conductor lifted the 
mother and child up and put them on the seat. 

When the conductor came round for the fare 
Aimee told him to ask her papa and he would pay 
him. The conductor laughed, and asked her where 
she was going. 

"I am going to see my Aunt Belle," said Aimee. 

"Where does }Our Aunt Belle live?" 

" 1 will show you when tlie car gets there." 

So she rode on until they came to a large stone 
house, with a lovely garden in front. Then Aimee 
told the man to stop the car; for that was Aunt 

The conductor picked her up, and carried her to 
the pavement, where he set her down. Aimee 
opened the gate, and went up the walk. Aunt 
Belle, sewing at the window, saw her coming and 
ran down to let her in. 

"Why, Aimee! how did you come? " 

"In the cars. Aunt Belle." 

" Did your mother say you could come?" 

" No, Aunt Belle. Mamma was out, and Dolly 
and I were tired of playing alone; and so we came 
to see you." 

Aunt Belle took her to the nursery to play with 
the children, and then sent the man to tell her 
mother where Aimee was. She knew that she 
would be sadly frightened, when she came home 
and could not find her little girl. But Aimee, hap- 
py with her little cousins, did not think of mamma 
until she came to take her home. 

This is our real need— more oil, a greater supply 
of the Spirit of Jesus Christ, " the spirit of wisdom 
and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, 
the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord." 
Oh we need more divvie illumination. More " oil 
for the light." More oil in the closet. Then our 
prayers will be more real, our petitions more urgent, 
our intercessions more frequent, our reading of the 
Scriptures more profitable. 


Fritz is a beautiful light-blue gray cat. He is 
the special pet of his master's little daughter, and 
therefore has many privileges about the house not 
usually accorded to cats; among these special privi- 
leges is that of having his food in the dining roonf. 
Fritz has many peculiarities, the chief being that 
he thinks that he is covering up the food that re- 
mains after he has eaten all he wishes — a habit of 
wild cats which is well known. He stands over the 
plate and after a curious look at it to see that it is 
all right and that it Is covered up he walks leisurely 
away. How strange it is that these traces of wild 
state are so often seen in animals which have been 
domesticated for long generations! Fritz has no 
need to cover up his food even if the dirt or mould 
were there for that purpose, for he is sure of getting 
plenty more when he wants it. It was simply from 
the force of habit, a habit not his own, but his an- 
cestors', that he went through the motions. What 
a forcible illustration of the power of habit. 

*"* THE » INGLENOOK »»» 


EvEK since the world began, since fish first 
learned to swim and man found out how to catch 
them, Roing a fishing has been a pastime and an 
outing. It is also a serious life work for thousands. 
It is not the somber bread and butter and fish-to-sell 
side, that we want to discuss, but the day off the 
wheel and out in the country where the trees shade 
the trout stream that we will go, you and the editor. 
What? May a girl or two go along? Well, yes, 
that is, yes. Hut a girl tangled up in the brush, or 
squawking when she hooks a fish accidentally, is on- 
ly made worse by one thing and that's one more such 
girl. .Still you may go along, conditionally, and 
that is if you look after the lunch business and see 
that it is right in quality and quantity. The writer 
knows a girl that eini catch fish, and she can also 
write an article for The Ingi.enook, sing like a bird 
and cook like,— well, to beat everything. But she's 
an exception. 

Now to catch trout we must go to a trout stream. 
The ruby spotted do not dwell in a muddy creek, 
but they live where the brook swirls and splashes 
down the mountain side, with overhanging trees 
and here and there a deep hole and then a shallow 
over which the water purls and gurgles. And a 
trout, being a gentleman in his ways, may not be 
captured with much shouting or taken with any 
brass band business. 

It is not that he cares for noise, for you may 
make all you will of it and he will not flutter a fin. 
But one sight of you and where is he? So with the 
limber rod, the fine tackle and the lure as pretty an 
imitation of a fly ever made, we will creep up to the 
pool and flirt it on the surface. Flash, boil, bubble, 
rip! and ten lo one you lose your head and yank the 
rod overhead with both hands, tangling the line in 
the trees, while the trout is a hundred yards away, 
going up stream like a golden flash. What you 
wanted lo do was to keep the line gently taut, and 
flip him out as readily as Aunt Hannah forks a 
doughnut on a plate. When the hour is five of a 
dewy morning, the trout a pound in weight, as he 
gasps out his life on the moss of the bank you have 
done something, that, iC f;ur\y done, is a thing lo \>c i - 
rem_en,bered_foj-^a long t,me. „„„.5^-,^,^;^^.„„ ,„j,^ 
. Park. He was more fortunate in his auditors than 
another soldier whom we saw working under a 
guard with a ball and chain on one ankle. This 
man was on duty one day to guard the formation 
around the springs. He was accosted by a gentle- 
man and asked if one might carry away some speci- 
mens of gcyserite. The soldier told him to take all 
he wanted, but to his surprise found that he had 
been talking to one of the officers in citizen's cloth- 
ing. He was serving six months for his neglect of 

I must not go any further without paying a 
tribute to the forests of the Park. They cover a 
large portion of it and are a great addition to its 
beauty. Of course they are nearly all evergreens, 
mostly tall, yellow pines, straight as an arrow and 
from one to six feet through. They have never 
been disturbed since first they reared their gieen 
toi)s here, with only God to see. The way through 
the forest is in many places well-nigh impossible 
for the fallen timber. 

In the northeastern part of the Park are forests of 
another sort. These stand on the side of a steep 
mountain but they are the stumps of the deciduous 
trees not evergreens and the scattered chips are 
strangely heavy. It is the petrified forest where 
seemingly half-rotten stumps of wood are trans- 
formed into stone just as they stood. I remember 
one fallen log lying with roots apparently latel)- 
torn from the earth and as natural a rotten slump 
as one would e\er sec. On the slope below you 
may find hosts of petri6ed leaves larger than a ma- 
ple leaf and showing that in past ages a much 
warmer climate prevailed here and produced a veg- 
etation very different from that wliich now covers 
these hills. 

One other evidence of past ages is conspicuous in 
the Park, a great boulder of granite scratched and 
scored by the glaciers that left it here far away 
from its parent rock. It stands among the trees be- 
side the road near the Caflon. 

But to come back to the lake, where we left our 
party. After a few days' camping on the shore and 
a moonlight row on the lake, we pushed on to the 
Caflon. A few miles on the way we digressed to 

on the laughing ripples of the shallows they may be 
brought twirling and flopping to hand. 

Tramping along the crowded streets of the busy 
city the day in the woods is as a cup of cold water 
in the desert. 

fldveptising Colatar 


It has been ele\'en years since we have had a to- 
tal eclipse of the sun and eighteen years will pass 
before the next after the one scheduled for the 28th 
of the coming month of May, so it behoo\'es every 
one to get smoked glasses and look with all their 
eyes at this one. It can be seen to some e.stent all 
over the country, but only within a path of some 
fifty-five miles width can jt be seen in its entirety, 
the path running from New Orleans northeast out 
to sea at Norfolk. Chicago is right in this path, 
and the eclipse begins here at 7: 46 A. M., lasting 
till 9:03, according to Leslie's Weekly. 

There has ceased to be any mystery connected 
with the phenomena of eclipses, whether solar or 
lunar. The moon makes the complete circuit of 
the heavens once in about twenty-nine and one-half 
days; the sun appears to do the same, owing to the 
actual circuit made by the earth, once in a year. 
The moon, therefore, makes more than twelve cir- 
cuits while the sun is making one. Consequently, 
the moon must overtake and pass the sun as many 
as twelve times in a year. Sun and moon both ap- 
pear to be moving in the same direction, not only, 
but in nearly the same path. If they moved in 
exactly the same path the moon would pass in be- 
tween the sun and the earth at every circuit and 
there would be an eclipse of the sun at every new 
moon. But the paths are not exactly the same; so 
the moon usually goes by either above or below the 
sun. There are points, however, where these two 
paths intersect; and if the sun and moon both hap- 
pen at one of those points at the same time then an 
eclipse is inevitable. 

If the moon were actually smaller, or if she were 
more distant and therefore apparently smaller, then 
there would be simply a " transit " of the moon, like 
the we ll-known transits o f Venus and M ercury, both 
ofw^ch planets' are immf-fvc;ely mor<^~;7^^-fnnt than 
moon. That is. the c.i 


The Inglenook reaches (ar and wide anionua d 
mainly auricullural. and nearly all wclMo-do li ag.,!' ° ""l'>Kntp;, 
ol reaching a cash porcl.asing coniilitnency M.,J "" """"lualej ~_ 
proved by li.e nranaeemenl will be inserted arihl ,'"'"" ""t i^' 
inch, cash with Ihe order, and .to discount whatever lor „"," '"' °' >' »? 
h. lirst and each sticceedlag li„e. The iL". """ ""tl^ 
church carrvin. arf».,.i *"'""0'-E»Ook 1,^^""" 

St.oo pe 

organ ol the church carrying advertisements. 

All OUP 
Fotuls are 

Prize Winners 

We have the best strains of 
poultry going. You'll hear 
something of interest, 

if you only keep half a do.e„ chick,., 
We Sell Eggs for Hotehing. 
All our fowls are pri;e winners. Send a stanrn c 
inqutry and we'll tell you something new abo7,hrp„„"" 


The BiTEFALO Valley Poultry Far 

Lewisburg, Pa. 
Mention you saw this adver.U^m... -.^ Inglenook, 

1 saw this adverliBement i: 

Caps and Bonnets 

...M.\DE AT... 

Reasonable Prices. 

Goods furnished that will please. Write for circular , 
plaining how to order. Address: 

Miss Mary Roveh, 

Mt. Morris, III, 
Mention yon saw this advertisement in Inglenook. 

If "Voa arc 
Going to 

Build Fence. 

This spring, do not fail to drop a card to the address 
below, asking for descriptive circulars of one of the besl 
smooth-wire fences offered the public. 



'eat and beautiful'as 
marvelous setting; to the surprising, overmastering 
Canon into which the river leaps, and through 
which it flows, dwindling to but a foamy ribbon 
there in its appalling depths. 

"The rocky sides are almost perpendicular; in 
deed, in many places theboiling springs have gouged 
them out so as to leave overhanging cliffs and 
tables at the top. Take a stone and throw it over; 
you have to wait long before you hear it strike. 
Nothing more awful have I ever seen than the 
yawning of that chasm. And the stillness, solemn 
as midnight, profound as death. The water dash- 
ing there, as in a kind of agony, against these rocks, 
you cannot hear. The mighty distance lays the 
finger of silence on its white lips. You are op- 
pressed with a sense of danger. It is as though the 
vastness would .soon force you from the rock to 
which you cling. The silence, the sheer depth, the 
gloom, burden you. It is a relief to feel the firm 
earth beneath your feet again, as you carefully 
crawl back from your perching place. 

"But this is not all, nor is the half yet told. As 
soon as you can stand it, go out on that jutting rock 
again and mark the sculpturing of God upon those 
vast and solemn walls. By dash of wind and wave, 
by forces of the frost, by file of snow plunge and 
glacier and mountain torrents, by the hot breath of 
boiling springs, those walls have been cut into the 
most various and surprising shapes. I have seen 
the 'middle age' castles along the Rhine; there 
those castles are reproduced e.\actly. I have seen 
the soaring summit of the great cathedral spires in 
the country beyond the sea; there they stand in 
prototype, only loftier and more sublime. 

"And then, of course, and almost beyond all else, 
you are fascinated by the magnificence and utter 
opulence of color. Those are not simple gray and 
hoary depths, and reaches and domes and pinnacles 
of sullen rock. The whole gorge flames. It is as 
though rainbows had fallen out of the sky and hung 
themselves there like glorious banners. The under- 
lying color is the clearest yellow: this flushes on- 
ward into orange. Down at the base the deepest 
Iheir draperies of the most vivid 

Chain-Stay J^zriQCt Co. 

uijL.aL. i S tePlii:»g, III. 

It IS, to ItS'-^.^^Mention you saw this advertisement in Inglenoc 


fewer of them. ""' — — ** — .-.. — .,, _,^. 

Finally the Florentines silenced him, after In 
spent his life for them, and March i8, 1498, 
preached his last sermon. 

Not complying with the demand of the popu 
the ne.\-t day a mob surrounds the convent, 
they have an order for his arrest. 

Bound and carried out of St. Mark's he is pm 
cell, and for two months his body is racked by 
most barbarous torture. 

Pen and ink were allowed him, and in the mW 
vals of torture he wrote with his bruised riglil I"' 
but he left no evidence that he thought himsdl 
martyr. May 23 he left his cell for the stake, jn 
mounting the fatal ladder, bent his head to tlie^ 
ecutioner. His body was burned, and the a> 
scattered in the Arno. Many of his followers »< 
persecuted, murdered and e.xiled. 

George Eliot's " Romola " gives the history 

Savonarola in Florence. And Samuel Sniilo 

Duty," devotes a chapter to this martyr 

United Italy, to-day, reverences 

his memory." 

Florence raises his statue in her great Counci 

A COMMERCUL traveler, whose wife is 

: indiscriniiin" 


mosses unroll 

those women who borrow trouble 

had occasion to make a trip east recently ^^^ 

His wife was very anxious about hini a^^^^^ 
certain that he would fall a victim to s^ '^.^^j 
which was reported to be prevalent m ,„l(i 
which he was going. She begged hini ^^^^^^•■ 
little lump of asafoetida in his pocket 
contagion. , ^j(„s(« 

Naturally he objected and positively ^^^^ 
be made the permanent abode of such 

°'^°''- . hcsaiJ'"* 

When he came home from his trip 

wife: -...^.ri!"' 

" It is wonderful, the power ot tnc ^ ^ ^^^ 
Why, don't you know I imagined t^lia 
asafcetida the whole time I w"^,5°'"^.'|v rep"' 
" It wasn't imagination at all," q""| ^jjtei"'' 
wily little woman, "I sewed a bit °^ ^^^^,j, 
the corner of your coat before you w^" 


Last summer Tommie Jones and me 

Were climbin' all around, 
And found a bird's nest in a tree 

Away above the ground. 
We took the little thing away 

With all the eggs inside, 
And oh the words ma had to say! — 

I jusl sat down and cried. 

"You wicked, naughty boy," she said, 

"To pain the birdie so! 
Oh He that watches overhead 

Will punish you, I know! 
It was a sin to take the nest 

And rob the bird of joy! 
Now promise God you'll do your best 

To be a better boy!" 

So when I said my prayers that night 

1 promised God I'd do 
The best I could to make it right, 

As ma had told me to: 
I carried crumbs out every day 

And left them at the tree, 
And tried to gel the bird to stay 

And make it up with me. 

She flew away last fall and that 

Was all 1 seen or heard 
About her till they brought ma's hat 
_ Home yesterday! T hat bird 
With wires yuu cou'jcln'i ■: 

To make her look as though she'd .fljjw 
Do»„ from Ae nearest tree! ...,,-errom, note 
iii>... .. .?,'"'iiic' uiTuwith the cravat or the one 

ilhout it. And after you have settled conclusive- 
ly which is iVIr. Sparrow and which is Mrs. Sparrow 
note whether or not the gentleman of the house 
ever sits on the eggs when they are hatching, or 
Otips feed the babies when they are out of the 
•tell. There is just as plain a difference in the 
■encs in the butterfly family as with the sparrows, 
'"tin order to sharpen your wits we will let you 
ind It out for yourself. 

The study of natural objects is one of intense in- 
«es(, and happy the boy or girl who can find more 

-,f I'h'"*" '""' '" *^°'^'' ™°'''" "'*■'" '" "'^ frivolity 
up "^ " T'' " '^ ^ business that the girl can take 
B'holV"^ "^ ^" brother, and as success depends 
y on the powers of observation she may be 
e to far outdistance her brother if she can only 
<ne r^' "''"■" "'"' '°°'" 'I' ""^■"- There is this 
verv aI '° "'""=™t)<='" in starting out, and that is 
,. y tlitterence or detail of structure means some- 

not over exact, but they serve to give you an idea 
of the magnitude of the business. The finished 
product goes all over the world and the Company 
is in arrears in the matter of filling its orders. This 
shows conclusively the fact that the output is a 
reliable one. There are other places where they 
make watches, but the writer is satisfied with see- 
ing the " wheels go round" at Elgin, and after go- 
ing all over the leading parts of the making of a 
watch is willing to take your word for any story 
you may tell about other places. It is a sight well 
worth taking in, though the average visitor, 
equipped with no letter of introduction, would like- 
ly have a hard time in getting admission. And the 
chances are that he would be worse muddled and 
bewildered after than before his visit, if he did get 
in and go through the factory. 

The building is arranged in the form of long halls 
or corridors,— you have heard of the corridors of 
time,— well this is the place and here they are. 
Adown the center and along the sides of each hall 
are rows of operatives before their machines. The 
whole business, from end to end, is done by machin- 
ery and while it is clearly certain that some of the 
machines think one is not sure that they talk, but 
they do ever ythin g else, — almost. The operatives 

.^ ^. U..4...U ". li 

a talk aniuiigMli 


';'"'■ Nothin: 
'"ere is 

g "^themselves. \v 
average boy can get the cry of the old one on watch 
and start the whole flock out of the cornfield with- 
out waiting for the word to be given. Hunters 
understand this and call turkeys, moose, and other 
animals within reach. No doubt but that a good 
deal of what the hunter says in the turkey language 
is very bad grammar, but it is near enough to bring 
the old gobbler into range. And that it is not good 
talk is shown by the fact that an animal called by 
the human voice is off the moment it sees the cheat. 
The writer once heard a moose called in the woods 
of Maine, and the moment it saw the hunters it 
turned and crashed through the brush as though it 
had gone into the kindling-wood business. At one 
time he had a student at one of his schools who 
could go out at night and bawl like a cow and start 
all the cows in hearing into bawling. He had the 
right intonation, and though others tried it none of 
them could bring the answers in the way he did 

machine, whose servant he is, and which does one 
thing at a time and does more of it and better than 
he could do. Of course there are men of the high- 
est skill in the requisite machinery, but they are not 
in great numbers. The man who knows all about a 
watch is not common, even at the Elgin factory. 

From watch making to the pith of cornstalks 
seems a long cry, but about six thousand bushels of 
it are used annually in the polishing department. 
Baker's bread and sour beer also figure in the neces- 
sary mechanical operations. The rule of the place 
is for one person to do one thing and that in per- 
fection. Naturally some of the operators come to 
be very expert at their particular part and the fin- 
ished product, the Elgin watch, is a thing of world- 
wide repute. Most of the work is pleasant, but it 
struck the writer, himself of considerable rotundity, 
that the man who had charge of the furnaces where 
the figures on the face of the watch are burned in, 
would need no overcoat in warm weather. It gets 
to register one hundred and fifty in front of the fur- 
nace and this is enough to make a man go out in 
the sun on an August afternoon to cool off. But 
for most part the people employed are not only in- 
telligent but seem happy in their work. They take 
an inlerust in what they are doing and many of the 
f4CfS show refinement. The sodden, washed-out 


_ ar beyond us the use or meaning of it may 

in nature ever "just happens." 

:over,, of ,/'" "'^' governs all things, and the dis- 

Thcre ' i' '^" " "^^ '^""^^ "*'''=* ""= naturalist. 

' no n^ ' ^^^^ '°°^ ^^ ^tl'Ji'ional knowledge, 

I, Or ev'" 7" ^"'^'^' °'' ^'" '^^^'' ''^^ knowing it 

lioi, of V™ . ™°^' °f i'- I doubt whether a mil- 

»orld woIm ""^^ ^^ *''" ""^ naturalists of the 

"Jlterfly's' ■'^^" ^'^' '° ''"^ bottom facts of the 

"lural h; f^'*''^""^<=- We will have more to say on 

tea„, „ '°''>' in the fut 

f^'"""^ use your eyes. 

ture. Watch for it, and 




'nere i 

-u„ , ^^ °'' SM' "hither, who has not had 
'""= ^ more^^"' ^"'' '' "''S'" ^^ added, where is 
^''tanth- ^^""■='"y helpless and worthless ani- 
"'•■" 31 intVri°"'"'°" "''''''' Recently there has 
' ''' * litth '" ""^ "'''''' ''"'^' "''■'' ^'-'^'"^ 

'"">'■ Refe*^ "^°"^ profitable than the ordinary 
""'Parativcly'"'^'^ '^ ''*'' '° ""= Belgian hare, a 
recent importation from Europe. 

The mocking bird is distinctively a southern 
habitant. It is sometimes found in the north as far 
as Missouri or Maryland, but then only in limited 
numbers. Its home is in the land of the Creole and 
the swinging moss of the live oaks. Its scientific 
name is J\Ii/iiiis polyglottis, or, in English, the many- 
tongucd mimic, and in size and general appearance 
it may best be compared to a blue jay, though the 
colors are not so pronounced. It nests in trees and 
bushes, not very high up, and it does not fear man 
as many other birds do. 

The song of the mocking bird may be said to be 
a repetition of all other bird songs. Many of our 
readers have never seen a mocker, but if they will 
call up a bird on a limb that will whistle and sing 
an exact imitation of every other bird song he will 
have a correct idea of what it can do and in fact, 
what it does do. It is, moreover, a night singer, 
and on any of the glorious moonlight nights of the 
far South one or more can be heard bursting with 
song. If, while one is singing, the listener breaks 
in with a whistled note the chances are that it will 
be repeated. The writer has whistled " Bob | 

Most of the readers of The Inglenook are coun- 
try boys and girls and have all the instinctive 
hatred for snakes, killing them every chance. But 
really the majority of the snakes, where our paper 
goes, are harmless enough, only asking to be let 
alone and getting out of the way as quickly as pos- 
sible when surprised by man. There has been a 
great deal written on this subject by naturalists and 
some of them regard the performance as mythical 
throughout. It is something that is not often seen, 
though there may be some of our readers who have 
observed it. 

Now do snakes really swallow their young? We 
answer by saying that they do not. On the other 
hand, they do, or seem to do so, and it is in this 
way. If an old snake is surprised with a lot of lit- 
tle ones near her, and they are of liir mm species, 
and danger appears imminent, the old one will lay 
her head flat on the ground, open her mouth, and 
the young ones will run into it and down her throat 
as a matter of self-protection, just as they would 
run into any other hole that might be available. 
Possibly some reader has been witness to the unusu- 
al proceeding and can tell us something definite 
about it. 

■ » ■ 

Some of our readers interested in flowers should 
see [he immense flower farms of the Pacific Coast, 
some of which are a mile in extent. The Calla lily 
is widely grown for the flowers which are cut and 
wrapped in tissue paper and thus sent east where 
they command good prices. They stand the jour- 
ney well, coming through on express trains. Some 
flowers, such as sweet peas and gladioli can be cut 
when in the bud condition and will open out on ar- 

The seal, from which some of our most costly 
furs come, are queer animals. A male over six 
years of age is called a " bull," while a female is 
called a "cow," and the little ones are "pups." 
The breeding places arc occupied by hundreds of 
thousands at a time, and as they are a very timid 
animal the hunters herd them like cattle and kill 

White," on a clear night when the songster was giv- 1 them with a club. 

»pp THE • INGLENOOK pp« 


At 21 and 14 Soulli Stale Slicrt. Elfiin. Illinois. Price. »i,oo a Tear. It is 
B high gtadc p^ipet lor hiRh Etnde boyx ^iid girls who love good rending. 
Inglenook wants contributions, bright, well written and of general interest. 
No love stories or any with killing or cruelty In them will be considered, II 
you want your articles returned, il not available, send stamped and ad- 
dressed envelope. Send subscriptions, articles and everything intended lor 
Thb Inclbnook, to the lol lowing address: 

Brethren Purlishing House, Elgin, lllinofs. 

Entered at Die Post OHtce at Elgin. III., as Second-class Matter. 

liEFOKE the days of the transcontinental railroatd 
lines there was a pony express that carried the 
mails across the plains. Letters were lightly ar- 
ranged in saddle bags, thrown across the back of a 
pony which was mounted and run to the next sta- 
tion where a change was made as quickly as it could 
be done, and off they went, man and pony, like the 
wind. There was no danger from anything but the 

In an exchange Homer Bassford tells something 
of how it was done: 

"We had first sounded a lot of the important 
business men of both the coast and Eastern cities 
as to its desirability. We learned that the fixed 
charge of five dollars a letter of one ounce weight 
would be welcomed as surprisingly low — that is, if 
we were able to keep our promise as to tlie delivery 
of a letter in something like eight days. 

"The expense, nt the outset, was enormous. We 
bought, in round numbers, six hundred hardy, 
healthy ponies, sure of foot and well tried. We 
employed all the brisk, dare-devil young men of 
good habits whom we could find; we built post- 
houses every ten miles, unless it chanced that our 
stage posts would serve the purpose. The ponies 
were stationed at these post-houses, with bedding 
for extra riders, food arrangements, and a keeper in 
charge. We paid ench of our riders from Sioo to 
Si 25 a month, and iiearly ;ill the boys were in love 
with the work, hard Uiough it was. ji^nomelimes' 
happcnctl that illness actually prevented a man 
from taking up his trip, as assigned to him, but 
there was never difficulty in getting the other rider 
to take up at least one extra leg of the long journey 
across the plains. 

"I have been asked, sometimes, whether the ex- 
press stopi^cd on account of weather. This ques- 
tion used to make me smile, but it has been repeat- 
ed so many times that I have concluded that our 
present-day folk's, who know little of pioneer life, 
arc to be excused. Why, I Inivc seen a man jump 
from the back of one pony to the back of another, 
in zero weather, and start away like the wind, with 
never a thought of entering the post-house for a 
sniff of the fire. 

"Of specific achievements 1 think that the most 
notable was the delivery of President Buchanan's 
last message. We were expecting it and had 
planned to break records by landing it in San Fran- 
cisco under eight days. When the document was 
received by wire at St. joe we had it put on thin 
paper. The best ponies and the best men were 
ready, for all along the line word had gone forward 
that we were out with the President's message. It 
was much under eight days when the message was 
all over San Francisco." 


When two nations engage in war the victor 
usually compels the vanquished to pay the bills or 
the most of them. There is no hard and fast rule 
in the matter. The appeal to force is simply a re- 
sort to brutality in which the stronger wins and 
then takes out of the weaker all he can get. Some- 
times the winner is not in a position to demand any- 
thing except his independence. This was the case 
in the war of the Revolution. The colonists were 
glad to secure their freedom and could not have 
compelled England to have given anything more 
had they wished to do so. In the Civil War the 
South lost all and to this day has to help pay the 
expense of the costly game. In the war between 
Germany and France the latter had to pay and to 

give over two provinces in addition. The war be- 
tween England and the Boers will result in the 
Dutch losing everything in sight they hold dear. 
And so it goes. The whole business is one of the 
relics of man's bestial life before the time of the 
white Christ and the law of love. The world is 
gradually coming around to the peace idea, not be- 
cause of its di\ine origin, but because it does not 
pay to fight. Matters get torn up too much in the 
fracas and property and family rights are too much 
disturbed. Nobody who has a^'er been through a 
war wants to see another. 

Some people run to horses, others to dogs, and so 
on. Mr. Frank Gould, of New York, takes to dogs, 
and his kennel of St. Bernards is the most valuable 
in the country. His collection of animals of this 
breed is valued at £36,000, and consists of not 
more than a dozen animals, some of them imported, 
Mr. Gould is the youngest son of the late Jay 
Gould and lives with his sister, Miss Helen M. 
Gould. His kennels are on her beautiful estate at 
Irvington-on-the-Hudson. They are arranged on 
the most improved plan and are in care of an 
experienced keeper who has several assistants. 
His fancy for dogs is the only pronounced fad 
that Mr. Gould has, although he is still young 
enough to develop others, and has abundant means 
to indulge almost any whims. He came of age less 
than a year ago, and shares with his three brothers 
and two sisters in the estate left by Jay Gould, esti- 
mated at $70,000,00 at the time of his death, but 
probably worth more now. The youngest Gould is 
a well-liked young man. At the New York Univer- 
sity, where he took a course, he was decidedly pop- 
ular and he has made friends in the business and 
social world since he has left college. He has an 
office in Wall street, is interested in several large 
business enterprises but finds plenty of time for re- 
creation. He is moderately fond of society and 
assists his sister in entertaining. 

A SHORT SERMON.^Number Three 
Text : The Twenty-Third Psaim, 

The Royal Singer of Israel never uttered 

r song of triumph than embodied intv^''^" 

fun of consolation,::- 

There ,s one part of it th! 
mends rtself especially to the reader tn "" 

•'"you and,, 


beautiful Psalm. It 
gining to the end 

me. Every one of us must walk 

'"the valle 

shadow of death, and we must walk ab^"'"" 
friends can go with us down to the ver^'^ii '^'' 
the valley, but the rest of the journey 
make alone. ' It is then that we feel that w**^ ""' 
alone. We have followed our Shepherd, and"''" 
last extremity he will not desert us. ' '" " 

of the Psalmist he comforts \ 

In the 


No boy or girl should be cruel to animals. For 
that matter nobody should be, but it is a fact that 
there are so many people who take the hclolcssness 
ol .mini.-ils i n .Jtf ih,-ni an injury. It i^, perhaps, a 
fair presentation of the case to say that the man 
who is wilfully and deliberately cruel to animals is 
a bad man at heart. Now the facts are that nearly 
all children are naturally cruel. They do not seem 
to understand the ethics of the matter, and most of 
our little ones are unconsciously and naturally hard 
in their dealings with dumb animals. Sometimes 
the cat gets back at them with claws and teeth, and 
is usually rewarded for the lesson taught the child 
by being kicked out of the house. Then the child 
is sympathized with and petted because the cat ob- 
jected to having double handsful of its fur pulled out. 
The time for beginning the training of a child in 
this respect is in earliest infancy, and after it has 
learned the lesson it should be encouraged to teach 
others the same. And in this, like in all other 
teaching, the most potent influence is an ever-pres- 
ent example. If a parent senselessly whips a horse 
what else is he to expect if he sees the little boy 
whipping the kitten immediately afterward? Be 
kind to the helpless and those of God's creation 
that can not explain in speech what they wish to 
know, or what they do not understand. 

An observing boy with all the instincts of a natu- 
ralist asks about the truth of the story of the prairie 
dug, the owl and the rattlesnake holing up togeth- 
er. That they do often occupy the same hole is 
beyond doubt, but it is also a fact that the "dog," 
the owner of the hole, has no liking for his visitors. 
The little white owl finds a home ready for him and 
takes it up. The snake naturally seeks a hole and 
in he goes, and doubtless many a little dog goes 
the snake's way. The three-cornered arrangement 
is not a matter of agreement but accidental, and is 
doubtless the occasion of many a fight. 

We are very much pleased at the reception of the 
Inglenook all over the country. It has been the 
recipient of many kind words everywhere. It is 
the intention of the management to continually im- 
prove the paper. 

If you know a friend anywhere that you think 
would like to see Inglenook let us know and we 
will attend to all the rest of it. 

us and we fear no 
What a thought that is. All the world is bek" 
us, not a friend can help us among all of our e,!' 
ly acquamtances. But, glorious thought! th, 
one who does comfort us, and he 

lere t 
.1 c 1 u- '^ 'he friend „, 

the ages. Surely his goodness and his mercvwil 
not fail us in our last extremity, and after it is 
and we have triumphed over death, we shall d"!' 
in the house of the Lord forever. ' 

Every Christian who ever trod the valley alom 
has felt the sustaining hand of the Christ who hil' 
self tasted death that he might be of help to us It 
is a comfort as the shades of life's evening fall 
around us, and it is the hope of the young and tfe 
strong that if the call shall come unexpectedly 
there will be one with us who knows the way to the 
Land of the Leal. Let all make a friend oltkt 
Guide, and even though the shadows of the valley 
of death compass us about, we shall forget whii 
fear is, and dwell with Him forever. It all depends 
on our having followed the Shepherd in life and 


I .\M well pleased with its contents.— Cm. a&i 


I am well pleased with it.— ^«/«V Liiidis, 

You may fill a long felt want. — Wm, Flickhi^ir, 

I am highly pleased with the sample copy.- 
Amos WampUr. 

We were delighted with it. — Med Hoffinmi. 

I am very well pleased with The Inglesook.- 
/. L. Miller. 

The Inglenook is a good paper. — Chas. Haklut. 

The following letter is selected from many tta 
have been received at the office freighted witli ki™' 
words for The Inglenook: 

Washington, D. C, April 14, '»» 
Di:ar Editor : — 

You struck it this time. In my estim.nion it is a J™ 
mine for both young and old and if carefully guarded will" 
a great power in making sentiment in the young minds. 
are greatly in need of literature that %vill change thecouBeo 
the young and produce sentiment in harmony with the Od:P ■ 
The Inglenook should at least lind its way into every bom 
in the Brotherhood. Fraternally, 

Albert Holllvcei 

The world is flooded with trashy literature l» 
our youth, and the only way to meet it is to supP. 
them with something better and equally fasci"^""'^ 
The Inglenook is doing this. If it '<"P* °" ^. 
interest the children will chafe because the pa"^^^^ 

want to be the first to read it. If yo" ""^^'|°„ 
boy or girl doesn't take to reading good ''''"" '^ 
try the Inglenook. You'll be surprised.-/"'" 
Mohliy. __ 

a («'"!■ 


automobile? There 

Ever see an 
here in Elgin where they make them, ■ 
some day try to tell what they are like, 
be the coming method of getting around, 
are perfected. 

Up to this writing nobody has '^°'''''^'^''i,^„,n'i'. 
the man in the heading, reading the^j ' ^^j, 
Nobody at Elgin is allowed a guess. 
too much here for that. 

c til'! 




if y" ' 

talent, industry will improve it; if yo" 
industry will supply the deficiency. 


The Inglenook will be sent to any ■'"''''^^''j,.n» 
United States for the rest of this year lor 3 

»»» THE » INGLENOOK »»» 

laethods of PFoeeedure in 

callings fot > liife WoPk. 



v a business that a good many readers of 
'r before me might engage in with pleasure 

the paP« . however, not applicable to the 

and pf° 



grown, will be sure to lay the foundation for a suc- 
cessful business in which the profits are large and 
the risks small. 

St It is, however 

of a city or a large town, but for a country 
'''^" ■ 1 the field presents a wide one that is not 
''"'""f'be overdone for a long time to come. 
''"^''^ • "always more or less of a demand for plants, 
"^'Trtere always will be. Most of them are raised 
' ;cale by professionals, but it is a business 

boy or girl, an invalid, or a person of either 
"""' " ,v ^t ut in with a very fair degree of success 
sex, may . ' 

tin" intelligent action. 
'"t one who lives in the country I would suggest 
ht certain hardy plants be grown, and that there 
' „ ,„ge amount of mixing of stock, that is that 
I o„e or two plants be grown. I would advise 
Ae country person with plenty of land at his dis- 
sal to take roses and make a specialty of them. 
There is always a demand for roses and they are 
„„t difficult to grow. The first thing to do is to 
read up on the subject of their culture, and after 
that to prepare a suitable place for them and to get 
the plants and set them out. 

The young rose plants can be had of a regular 
rose grower very cheap, and not a very large assort- 
ment should be selected, not more than half a dozen 
varieties, and these should all be of the hardy, out- 
side varieties. A hundred^viH do for a small start, 
and they should be the standard varieties, the best 
red, the best yellow, and so on. No effort should 
be made to include the new and untried kinds. 

When they are received they should be so set out 
in rows that they can be cultivated by horse power. 
If the ground is properly prepared to start with 
they will likely all grow and thrive well. They 
should not be fussed over, or coddled, but treated 
as you would treat a row of field cabbages. The 
.-— i-^.rv.,jiimLS£itiniithem out is to familiarize 


they are legion, and get after them with the propel 
insecticides. They are readily kept clean by intel- 
ligent and prompt action. 

The next in order is to get plates of your roses, 
and these may be had of firms engaged in the busi- 
ness, and will cost less than ten cents apiece. With 
these in a suitable cover, the plants in good form, 
and growing well you are ready to start out can- 
vassing. The people most likely to buy you will 
readily find out, and the fact that you know what 
you have, and can guarantee that they will get what 
they order, will be sure to win out with the people. 
They will want every other rose on earth but what 
you have, and this class of people can be accommo- 
dated by a reference to the retail catalogue of a 
grower with whom you have a wholesale relation 
and thus you may add to your returns considerably. 

After awhile your plants will begin to bloom, and 
then the roses should be cut in profusion and be 
put on exhibition in stores, and public places to- 
B«lierwitha neat card, setting forth briefly that 
you have these plants for sale, and that they cost 
«s than catalogue prices. As a rule no effort 
"ould be made to sell the flowers, though there 
Will be calls for th. 


Lower Broadway and its side streets in the N-icin- 
ity of Trinity church is one of the busiest and most 
prosaic parts of the city. But, as though to relieve 
the restless, work-a-day monotony of the neigbor- 
hood, there nestles in its very bosom a spot quaint- 
ly picturesque. .Wedged in between the busy 
wharves of the North river, the warehouses of the 
cross streets and the towering office buildings of 
Broadway is the Asia Minor of New York. The 
language here is Arabic, the complexions \aried 
shades of olive and crimson, and the deep, black 
eyes, aglow with lustre, to be found neither in the 
Ghetto nor on Mulberry Street. 

The denizens of this colony are of the Semitic 
race, but they are all Christians. In Syria and in 
Egypt there are plent}' of people of the same race 
who profess Islam, but, as the Government of these 
countries upholds this faith, these find it comforta- 
ble to stay at home. The men of the colony work 
in the various factories or sell cheap statuary, while 
the women peddle Oriental goods. They are quick 
to pick up English, and, while most of the women 
retain their kerchiefs and some of the finely which 
they bring with them, they are not slow to adopt 
many of the customs of their new. home. 

"I wear my kerchief because it is good for busi- 
ness," said one swarthy matron, as she came out of 
a grocery store with a huge plate of a peculiar kind 
of macaroni in her hands. " If 1 dressed like an 
American . lady ■ nobody would notice me." Her 
English was bad, but it was intelligible, and yet she 
had been only a year in the country. 

The cafes and the dwellings of the quarter are 
Oriental, however, so far as their interiors are con- 
cerned, and the largest store in the quarter is 
crowded with articles which in any other part of the 
city would attract a crowd of curiosity seekers. 
The most conspicuous objects in the window of this 
store are various specimens of waterpipes and 
samovars. The latter, although of Russian origin 
«k^i4^0£j)^^,Qf tUis city, 

hem, when they can be sold if de- 

it is 

e art of 

propagation should be understood, and 

J- "'■ ^^^y to learn, and then there can be two 
cent "^'^' '^"^ J"^' started can be sold for ten 
full-^' " ^'^'^^ °"'^ ^°'' twenty-five, while a large, 
cent "" P'^it, commands anywhere from fifty 
"Ks^th" ^"^"^'"S you can get for it. It is a busi- 
the a f .^'^'^^^^ vj'ith time, and success depends on 
seller'^ '^"^ °^ "'^ canvass and the fluency of the 
The s li**"^^- °" anything else but good plants. 

miliar, while it cannot, because of its limitations, be 
of the highest grade, is by no means the least inter- 
esting in its nature. The record which a newspaper 
artist may make is not fame, but the work and the 
wages are both substantial, and many Abbeys, Rein- 
harts, Frosts, Smedleys and Gibsons have come 
and are coming from that school. It is in the news- 
paper office that the acme of picture production 
and reproduction is reached. The metropolitan 
newspapers make and print hundreds and thousands 
of pictures in a week and the first sketch of a pic- 
ture an hour and a half before the edition is on the 
street is a mere incident of newspaper illustration. 

Every metropolitan newspaper has a staff of art- 
ists ranging in number from five to twenty-five and 
upon occasion fifty. These are what are known as 
all-around artists, but they are few and not especial- 
ly sought for. Each one is found to have a partic- 
ular inclination and his classification and develop- 
ment into a specialist quickly follow. The man 
who would make the most spirited picture of a fire 
would hardly make a flattering portrait of the bride 
of the day and the marine artist would probably be- 
come seasick if assigned to a horse-rj^ce. 

To make practicable the use of what is known as 
the half-tone process in newspapers is the latest en- 
deavor. This would make possible the reproduc- 
tion of photographs without redrawing by the artist. 
The difficulty in the way is that the texture of the 
half-tone being fine and not cut deeply is quickly 
filled with ink, the result often being an inchoate 
blur instead of a picture. The demand is for a new 
kind of eugra\'ing or an improvement in newspaper 
printing. Some newspapers more ambitious to lead 
than to succeed in this endeavor are using the half- 
tones with varying success or failure, but there is no 
indication as yet that the artist will be retired by 
the camera. 


se thei 

wiio use them far mor 
migrants from Russia. 

The cafes are decorated with portraits of the 
Russian Czar, the Khedive of Egypt, and some of 
the heroes of the late American war with Spain. 
The favorite drink of the frequenters of these cafes 
is arag, which is prepared from the juice of decayed 
grapes. It resembles in taste absinthe, but it is 
said to be much less injurious to the health. The 
women do not visit the cafes, but at home some of 
them drink an occasional glass of arag and water. 


g IS the really hard part of the work, but 
Dusmess is once established it becomes 

-, ^nd easier. 

The lar 

after thi 

*=hance ^f ^^"^ ^^^ near-by towns the better 



'^ custom th 

success though small places will afford 



an one would imagine. No person 

P the business without a liking for 

^'■^h ihe^";!^'^^ ability to care for them. Anybody 


sell on orders what is cultivated 

sinip^^ °* making things grow, which after all 
Ground ^^^j^^"';"*^" sense, and the ability to get 

The pictorial illustrature of to-day is a new art. 
Particularly may this be said of that branch of it 
which is devoted to picturing current events, with 
which we have become so familiar in newspapers 
and magazines that we hardly remember that only a 
few years ago we had it not. The phenomenal de- 
velopment of this art is one of the wonders which 
by their number are made commonplace in the last 
year of the century. 

But while the picturing of the day's doings is a 
new growth, illustration in its widest scope has in 
the last few years expanded immeasurably in popu- 
lar favor and appreciation. For good pictures the 
supply is, notwithstanding the constantly increasing 
production, far behind the demand. The remark- 
able showing in circulation made by many of the 
newer periodicals in which the pictures are confess- 
edly the meat and the letters the sauce, testifies el- 
oquently to the favor of the popular mind. Quite 
germane to this is the statement, which needs no 
elaboration, that of the 23,000 periodicals published 
in this country 1,600 magazines and 11,000 newspa- 
pers print pictures. 

The love of pictures is as universal as their lan- 
guage. They speak in native terms to the simple 
and the wise and they address the mind directly 
without prejudice, intrusting to it a just interpreta- 
tion of the facts. Their brevity is voluminous. As 
records of events or as symbols of facts their ex- 
pression far transcends the power of words. 

That phase of illustration with which the average 
person — that is, the newspaper reader — is most fa- 

This murderous and very destructive bullet re- 
ceived considerable attention, the greater part rather 
unfavorable, at the last session of the Peace Con- 
gress assembled at The Hague, and it is probable that 
it will disappear from the European cartridge box. 
The I.iit campaign at which it was used was in the 
.tif.M-l--, ,.F the British troops in the In-dian m^un^ 
tains. The bullet is made of lead encased in a 
jacket of nickel. The anterior end is blunt, so that, 
instead of piercing, it crashes through and its blow 
is so fixed that it becomes expanded and enlarges 
the diameter of the wound of entrance making a 
large irregular opening. 

Its physical effects are terrible beyond descrip- 
tion, as it ploughs through the tissues with the hav- 
oc of a cyclone in a village or forest, destroying 
everything in its path and sending splinters from a 
wooden plug in its base into various parts of the 
body near the wound, thus making other wounds 
hard to locate. 

A DEGREE of longitude at the equator is exactly 
sixty nautical miles, and a minute, therefore, exact- 
ly one nautical mile, commonly called a "knot." 
Distances at sea are always measured in knots, or 
nautical miles. A knot, as stated, is near enough 
to one and one-seventh miles to call it so for the 
purposes of rough and ready comparison. A tor- 
pedo-boat having a speed of thirty-five knots an 
hour would, therefore, keep abreast of an express 
train making forty miles an hour. 

Two Indians were dining in England for the first 
time, when one of them took a spoonful of mustard, 
which brought the tears to his eyes. The other 
said, " Brother, why weepest thou ? " and he replied, 
" I weep for my father who was slain in battle," and 
he passed the mustard. The other then took a 
spoonful, and he had a tear trickling down his 
cheek. Said the first Indian, "Why weepest thou?' 
and he replied, " I weep because thou wast not slain 
with thy father." 

A GOOD many boys and girls will be delighted 
and entertained each week, from this on to the end 
of the year, by receiving The Inglenook. Some 
kind friend has subscribed for them, and there is a 
weekly reminder of the highest class brightening 
their lives. One of the happiest things a person 
ma\' do is to have this paper sent to some absent 
friend for the rest of the year. Fifty cents will do 


rp» TME p INTGLENOOK » » » 

Good 4^S^ (Reading 


I]' sometimes happens that people who mean well 
do things that have every element of humor in 
them, and the parties to it see nothing funny in it. 
The following story is an excellent one in its way 
and the moral is never to attempt an elopement, 
and to regard a dog and instantaneous photography 
with a good deal of doubt as an accessory to matri- 
mony. The story is by Hayden Curruth, in the Sat- 
urday Eviiiing Post: 

Coming from Boston to New York the other 
night I met an entertaining chap in the sleeping 
car. He told several stories — and how seldom you 
meet a man nowadays who ever tells a story, espe- 
cially on a train coming out of Boston! But this 
man I am convinced was not a Boston man — in fact 
he said he lived in Dcn\cr. There was some talk 
about the alleged vacillating policy of a well-known 
officer of the National Government when this Den- 
ver man said: 

"This thing of not knowing your own mind al- 
ways makes trouble. The worst person I ever 
knew for it was a girl where I used to live, named 
Alice Mcrriiigton. She iicvir knew her own mind. 
Didn't />n'/cW to. Why, she couldn't even make up 
her mind how she wanted her new clothes, and was 
usuall)' si.\ months behind the fashions, just wear- 
ing her old clothes, and changing her mind about 
how it would be best to have her new ones made. 

"Well, Alice was a pretty good-looking girl, and 
you couldn't help liking her, so she had plenty of 
attention from the young men. Two of them, one 
named Thornton and the other Ross, got particular- 
ly smitten, and pretty soon they both proposed. 

"Alice studied over the thing for a long while, 
hut she couldn't come to no decision, so the only 
way she could see out of it was to promise 'em 
both. So she done it, but it didn't do much good, 
'cause they were wideawake fellows. They both 
kept coaxing her to name the happy day, and she 
soon saw that she had got to do something. She 
simply (-(?;//(/«'/ make up her mind which she wanted, 
so there was nothing for it but to give 'em both the 
-anc day, and trust to luck for somethfng-tirtarn 
up to iiiake her decide. As her folks opposed them 
both, an elopement was the thing in either case, so 
she tolti each of them to come at one o'clock Thurs- 
day morning. She reckoned like this, that one of 
them would be certain to arrive before the other, and 
with liim she'd go; and of course the other couldn't 
blame her, since delays are dangerous, as everybody 

"Well, Wednesday evening the girl went to bed 
at eight o'clock, knowing what an early start she'd 
got to make the next morning. To make sure, she 
set the alarm of her clock at half-past twelve. 
Alarm went off at the right time and she got up 
and dressed. All ready ten minutes to one, so she 
turned down the light and waited. She had told 
Thornton to come to the west winder and Ross to 
the north — just happened to give 'em different win- 
ders. As she sot and tliought it over she was glad 
that she'd done it, 'cause it would be better if the 
second should happen to come before the first had 
got away — less embarrassment all around. Awful 
well-meaning girl — no desire to hurt anybody's 
feelings. So she just sot and waited, naturally her 
young heart in considerable of a flutter, not know- 
ing but the dog might bark and wake up her father, 
and also being so uncertain as to which of the 
young men of her choice she was going to spend 
the long years ahead of her with, for better or for 

"Well, you never seen what luck that girl had. 
Just as the clock hand p'inted to one she heard a 
slight rustle outside. The next second she seen 
the top of a ladder appear at the north winder, and 
as she turned her eyes to the west winder there was 
another just looming up above the sill. Something 
had got to be done, or they'd both be scrambling 
in; so she just stepped quickly to the north winder 
find said to Ross in a loud whisper, * Take the lad- 
der 'round to the west winder, dear,' and then to 
the other and says to Thornton, 'Take your ladder 
'round to the north winder, dear,' and then she just 
waited and tried to ascertain her true feelings. 

"And while she stood there, torn by conflicting 
emotions, them two strong men started with their 
ladders carried straight up, and at the corner they 

just naturally blundered into each other in the dark, 
and one ladder slammed ag'in' the house and the 
other smashed into a cherry tree, and the men. be- 
ing some surprised, happened both to say some- 
thing and recognized each other's voice, and, al- 
ready not being at all friendly, went to fighting 
most tremendous. 

"And in the thickest of the hullabaloo, them two 
young men fighting scandalous, and nothing quieter 
'cept the dog, which was now busy biting, tliere was 
a bright flare of light overhead, and the policeman 
seen that the girl had set off a flash-light and took 
a snapshot at the difficulty below, she being a great 
hand at amateur photography, as I ought to of said 
before, but I forgot it. So the policeman just 
arrested 'em both, and hollered to the girl and 
asked her if she knowed what it was all about, and 
she, not wanting to be mixed up with any such dis- 
graceful proceedings, said she didn't, but she 
s'posed they was fighting just because they was hor- 
rid men, who always delight to bark and bite and 
make beasts of tiiemselves. Then she went back 
to bed and the officer towed 'em to the calaboose, 
and the next morning the judge read 'em a lecture. 
"As for the girl, she developed the negative and 
put the pictures on the local market, where they 
sold like hot cakes, and brought in a tidy sum; and 
a month after she married a likely fellow, a sort of 
a second cousin, with the approval of her folks, and 
a good wife she made, too, so everybody said, 
though she never did show much decision, so I 
heard; but, what difference does that make — I know 
women who show too everlasting much decision." 


There were very few opportunities for mental 
excitement in Blankville, and when a troupe of 
strolling players in the town hall gave the rustic 
audience " Miss Jerry," Absalom Banks was there 
taking it all in. Now " Abs," as he was called by all 
who knew him, was not a bad specimen of a nine- 
teen-year-old boy, stout of limb and tow-headed, 
with as much knowledge of the world as can be ac- 
quired from the weekly countv oanpv jmd a few 
ch^ap Pff Yrlfi M "" r.^r^\t\^r\f the Jerry of the 
play, was the most beautiful creature he had ever 
seen and she not only came up to his preconceived 
ideas of what a woman should be like, but she 
passed it a long ways. So, as he sat out the per- 
formance, open-mouthed and scarcely moving in 
his seat, it all came about, as it has done many a 
time before, and there is no use whatever in going 
into details or even giving it a name. 

He followed the troupe to the next stand and he 
was on the front seat again. She noticed him, or 
he thought she did, which amounts to the same 
thing precisely. The next day he sold the only 
thing he called his own, a pony, and bidding the 
folks good-bye for a season, followed after. He 
was present at every performance and she smiled 
on him and kept him hanging on for a week. He 
had never seen her in daytime, and didn't even 
know her name beyond Geraldine. 

At the end of a week she arranged for an inter- 
view. She knew he had some money and he was 
clearly in the toils. As with all such women sever- 
al other ladies and a gentleman were in the secret 
and when the appointment was made at her rooms 
at the hotel they were there with her. 

Absalom had noted that the note making the ap- 
pointment was a scratchy affair.^but he laid it to the 
hotel pen and public stationery. In her own home 
boudoir, visions of scented paper, silver ink bottles 
and the like were a common feature in the picture. 
He was in doubt about only one thing. Did the 
note mean ten o'clock or eleven o'clock? Natural- 
ly he discriminated in favor of the earlier hour and 
at the hotel he was told that he would find the lady 
in No. 6, the landlord watching at the foot of the 
stairs till he was sure his visitor arrived at the rin^ht 

Absalom's heart was in a flutter when he timidly 
knocked and a hearty masculine voice from within 
back- him enter. Opening the door what he saw 
was this. A room full of smoke, three women and 
one man, an unmade bed, dirty floor, a table on 
which stood three opened bottles of beer and three 
full ones, and stubs of cigarettes on the table cover. 
There was no doubt about it all and there was none 
whatever about Miss Geraldine. She hadn't ex- 

pected him for an hour yet, but he wa 
He sat on the edge of a chair while the oth^''^'^'^- 
pants sized him up silently, with an occasio ^^ ' ' 
one at the other. Miss Jerry's fingers bore I'J''' 
mistakable yellow of the cigarette H ""• 

gold hair of the stage was a good deal s^ ^^"°* 
thinner and looked more like a bunch of t'^"''^ "^" 
garret at home, than it resembled the l°^^ '" '' 
gold back of the footlights. One shoe war"'""^ 
and there was a button off her dress TK ""'"^"^ 
other things present and absent, and the c^^^^^^^ 
tion was mainly one-sided, consisting of n "^^■'^^' 
on Miss Geraldine's part and replies on h^-^*"^"^ 
Presently one of the women lit a cigarette ^^T^' 
man filled the glasses with beer, pushina '^^ 
Absalom. ^ '"^ °"« to 

Now Absalom was not a fool, at least n 
than most young men at some time of life Vh? 
suddenly remembered a pressing enpa'crp 
Geraldine followed him to the head of the T"'' 
and laying one hand on his shoulder asked hP"' 
be sure and come to the show aeain th:.f "'/^ 
e said something unintelligible and left Th 
next morning he was back home cutting the da ' 
supply of wood and in the afternoon he went oT' 
to the purchaser of the pony and bought him bad 
for ten dollars in money and three months work 
It doesn't seem to come out dramatically but ii 
ends just right and what Absalom learned wu 
cheaply bought indeed. He is more interested in 
farming these days than in the town hall shows and 
he knows more than he looks or tells. 



The Betsy Ross Memorial Association have es- 
tablished by records that date from May, i;76, the 
accuracy of the statement that Betsy Ross lived at 
239 Arch St., Philadelphia. 

We visited the unpretentious two-story house 
recently. Its small rooms, oak floors, and large 
brick chimneys all date back to Colonial days. As 
you enter the first room there is little of interol lo 

the next room where Betsy Ross made the iirst 
flag. After it was completed, she showed it to 
George Washington, Hon. George Ross, and Robert 
Morris who came to inspect the new flag, and in 
this humble little room, they decided that the stars 
and stripes should be the emblem of this nation's 
freedom. The flag was adopted by Congress. June 
14, 1776, and the Association expects to huy the 
house by the next anniversary, June 14, 1900. 

One of her descendants gave us a brief history of 
her life. She was married to John Ross at the age 
of twenty, he died from wounds received in thenar 
After his death she married Captain Ashbouine 
who was in the American navy at that time, and he 
was killed in a foreign land; when thirty-one yea" 
of age she married her third husband, John Clai- 
borne. The flag-making was continued in the fami- 
ly for several generations. But during the Mexia« 
war, the one of the family who was carrying on tht 
business, decided that war was wrong in the .sig 
of God. She concluded that the Me.iican war was 
one of oppression; this so wrought upon hereon- 
science that she decided to give up the busin"* 
and so the making of flags was transferred to an- 
other house. 

The story of the creation of the flag, by George 
Canby, Esq., grandson of Betsy Ross, will soon « 
published. They will also erect a suitable monu^- 
ment over the grave of Betsy Ross, in Ml. «""" 
cemetery, Philadelphia. A part of the flat! '"' 

the Olympia and a letter from George 

\V. De»'«>' 

are enclosed in a frame and will alwa; s remain 
of the relics of the Old Flag House. 
Coz'ington, Ohio. 


The culture of the tea plant in the United ^'^^^ 
has passed the experimental stage and it '« "" 
certainty that the material for the cup that ^ ''■^^^ 
but does not inebriate can be produced in tim ' ^ 
try as well as in foreign lands. The quality ^^^ 
tea is said to be equal to the best i'"!""'"!;'^^!;,,), 
tain portions of the south, such as North '"''' .(j 
and States nearer the Gulf, are especi.iHy •' '1^^^, 
to tea growing. Only cheap labor in "''"^'_^' ,1,1; 
tries will prevent the industry succeeding ' 

*** THE » INGLENOOK »»» 


The o Cipelc ooo 

n siover.Bulsar, India. President; John R. Snyder. Belle- 
OffiCE"*"";^;, „ President; Otho Wenger. North Manchester. Ind.. 
™t.l«'. °''°' ,,,, Ll.rie D. Kosenberger. Co.inglon. Ohio. Secretary and 
rljcPresiden'-^'" ^"^ ^^^ communications to OuR Missionary Rhading 


_ Co«ing'°"' 



John Hunt, who spent the best years of his 

achin" the Gospel to the heathen, counted 

''''I'l" oy that°he could do such service for God. 

^ J -Inir he said, "Thou knowest my soul has 

I . d Fiji; my heart has travailed in pain for Fiji. 


Yet he had never ceased 

now his prayers were to 

Never till then did he feel how Fiji had be- 

must have lingered around his dying bed. 
H had lived for Fiji and his every thought and de- 

e and P'^" =""' '^^°'"' ^^'^ '°"^ ^°"^ '" "''^ '^"'^'^~ 
'"l_the conversion of Fiji. For some weeks he 

J been laid by fro'" ^'^ work, his voice hushed 

aild his hand powerless, 

to pray for "i^ P'=°P''= 

conic identified with his very life. And in his utter 
feehlencss the spirit within him strove and strug- 
gled with its great burden. Those who stood by 
eared to see the weak frame so tossed about and 
medio sooth him. Yielding to their entreaties he 
became calmer, but still he wept. Then he took 
Mr. Calvert's hand and cried aloud, "Oh, let me 
pray once more for Fiji, thou knowest my soul has 
travailed in pain for Fiji! " And after a fervent 
prayer he became quiet and peaceful, his face was 
like the face of an angel when he died. L. D. r. 



Each of us ought to do more mission work. Our 
orders are go — go into all the world, go and preach 
the Gospel to every nation and to every creature. 
Some one says, "i cannot be a missionary to some 
foreign country." There is plenty for a willing 
worker to do outside the heathen countries. Think 
how much there is to be done in the Sunday school; 
there we should be zealous workers, always in our 

«({/« to have more workers in our foreign field, why 
is it we do not have more? Is it because of a lack 
of efficient workers, or means? It should not be 
either. When we think of what a glorious country 
we live in, and how God has blessed us, we should 
be willing to spend and be spent in carrying the 
Gospel to the poor benighted heathen. There are 
many in the Brotherhood who could support a mis- 
sionary in the field. There is no better way to use 
'he means God has given us, and by so doing we 
■would be laying up treasures in heaven. 

That our Missionary Reading Circle is of great 
""portance, and will be the means of doing great 
good III the church, admits of no doubt. We be- 
'eve It will help to advance the mission work which 

eels ,0 be pushed to the uttermost. What we 
Jl, '"S^'y shapes our lives. A man or woman 

° does not study the Bible, or good religious 

church"'' u''''°"' '^ """'' '^"°'"" ^ "°^l'<=^ '" 'he 
"• By studying the Bible, reading good 

spired "^? °' ™'^s'°"3ries and others, we are in- 

hu„v, T "'"'■^ '^™' '° '^ork for the uplifting of 

'iin„.,u o '^'■'"g'ng 'hem into a closer relation- 
"Pnith God. 

come™"^'' •'^'^ Missionary Reading Circle we be- 
fliroueh ■?'"'"'' '^'"' ""'^^'O" work and workers, 
agniliid T "" "^'''^ '° ™°''^ '""y '■'-■^''^'^ 'he 
souls kna "'" ""^ '° '"-" ''°"'=' ■■'"'' how many 
■lo much " "°' '''^'■'^'- ^f "■<= expect the church to 
"nst hi- r^'T' °" ""'''^ '" 'h'= fu'ure, great efforts 

&u Sunday a School ^^ 


(Lesson for M,ty 6, tQoo.) 

Golden Text. — Come unto me, all ye that labor and are 
heavy laden, and I will give you rest.— Matt. 11:28. 

The time of this passage of our Lord's address is 
fixed in the midsummer of the year 28, at Caperna- 
um, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee. The occa- 
sion was the obduracy of the hearts of the people 
in the towns of Chorazin, Bethsaida and Caperna- 
um. These places were near together, and had 
been witnesses of the works of our Lord and Master 
yet had not repented or turned from their evil 
ways. Hence the condemnation of .these places 
and their inhabitants. 

It would seem to us at this day that they who 
lived in the time of Christ, and who had opportuni- 
ty of witnessing his wonderful works, would be 
the first to turn from their evil ways and follow 
him. It appears, however, that the human heart is 
alike in all ages of the world. iVIen change their 
skies, and dress differently, using other tongues, 
but at heart they remain the same. It is evident 
that the devil of doubt and indifference was abroad 
in the land then as now, and that even in the pres- 
ence of the wonderful works of the Lord they re- 
mained obdurate and unchanged. There is not 
much that is strange in all this. Eighteen hundred 
years and over have passed away since that time, 
and wonders have been wrought in the lives and 
hearts of men ever since, and yet here are those 
who remain in sin as though there had never been a 
better way or an exemplification of it continually 
before them in the lives of those who have put on 

There is an explanation of this in the twenty-fifth 
verse, in which Jesus says that tfie wise in their own 
conceit pass these things by while the babes, that is 
the innocent at heart, receive them. It seems to 
the writer that it is the case that the less learned 
are more apt to be the possessors of the gift of an 
unquestioning faith than the learned in this world's 
lore. It is a fact, that there [s in ore abiding truth- 
fiilness in t|je hearts of children than in those of the 

1 ""'de to train the young in that line now, 
'"em to hob' ■ 

me to ""^ ehurch. Train them to be 

^•"is' forHf'*!" '°'' """ "''""' °^ '^''""- ■^^•''^ "°' 
^°°d of oth - °^ '"™=<='f ""d thought only of the 
Self-inH„i„ "^' ^hink of what Christ did for 

'■mi them t h u -j^v^^ng ,,, ii,,il ,M,t hum 

'"d doctr' ''^^''' y^^ sacred, the principle 

Wlint, l/'"'''^ °^ 'hs^ church. Train them to b 


Cathoh""^!- ""^^'^^ ■■> forgetfulness of others. 

*^enve:.r"'"/,"*''"S is, "Give me a child the first 
,^-;-f his life and h 


he will be a Catholic ever 

''"lev rr, ;,'^^""°' our people train their children 

"'"'>■' go'd "^ 'he same? 

Our doctrine is cer- 


lost to the church. 

wisc^ inci-c .s a ui,,Jui.J ii um | || HM"tfo f from 

books or earthly learning, and this is e\ident in the 
lives of many of our acquaintances. 

" Kind hearts are more than coronets. 
And simple faith than Norman blood." 

Those who are wise in their own conceit rarely 
become the possessor of the priceless jewel of the 
simplicity of belief in the superior wisdom of God. 
The king on his throne is less likely to be an hum- 
bler follower of the Judean peasant than the man 
who lives on the shore of the sedgy lake and who 
sees God in the winds and hears him in the storm. 
And this the Lord said, seemed good in the sight 
of the Father. Amen and amen. 

And then Christ calls on all who are weary to 
come to him and he will g\VQ them rest and peace, 
for what he requires is easy of doing if we have on- 
ly the faith in us to accept him and his commands 
without question. That is the secret of acceptance 
with God, — our acceptance of him and his promises. 
We are told that his yoke is easy and his burden 
is light. This was spoken to a people upon whom 
the burden of their religion had grown onerous in 
its many external requirements. There was an end- 
less round of observances that had grown up with 
the centuries of Jewish faith and practice, till they 
had become a yoke on the neck of the people, and 
a burden on their backs. The religion that Christ 
offered in its place was a heart religion more than 
an external one, and it was easier borne and brought 
peace to its followers. 

It is the same to-day as it was then. The world 
is deceitful, and every young reader will find it out 
sooner or later. There may be a glamour about the 
wiles of the Evil One, but sooner or later he will 
desert his followers. When it comes to walking 
through the Valley of the Shadow there is but one 
Sustaining Hand, and that is His whole palm was 
pierced for us that it might be more helpful to us 
in our last extremity. 

Fop * the * Wee * Folk 



As I walked over the hill one day, 

I listened and heard a mother-sheep say: 

" In all the green world there is nothing so swee? 

As my little lammie with his nimble feet; 

With eyes so bright, 

And wool so white; 
OhI he is my darling, my heart's delight." 
And the mother-sheep and her little one 
Side by side lay down in the sun, 
An<l ihey went to sleep on the hillside warm. 
While my little lammie lies here on my arm. 

I went to the kitchen, and what did I see, 
but the old gray cat with her kittens three? 
I heard her whispering soft; said she: 
" My kittens, with tails so cunnmgly curled, 
Are the prettiest things that can be in the world 

The bird on the tree. 

And the old ewe — she 

May love her babies exceedingly; 

But I love my kittens there, 

Under the rocking-chair, 
I love my kittens with all my might; 
I love them at morning, noon and night; 
Now I'll take up my kitties ! love. 
And we'll lie down together beneath the warm stove," 
Let the kittens sleep under the stove so warm, 
While my darling lies here on my arm. 

I went to the yard, and I saw the old hen 

Go clucking about with her chickens ten. 

She rlucked, and she scratched, and she bustled away, 

And what do you think I heard the hen say? 

I heard her say: " The sun ne\ er did shine 

On anything like to these chickens of mine! 

You may hunt the full moon and the stars, if you please, 

But you never will find ten such chickens as these. 

My dear, downy darlings, my sweet little things. 

Come nestle now cosily under my wings." 

So the hen said, 

And the chickens all sped 
As fast as they could to their nice featherbed. 
And there let them sleep in their feathers so warm. 
While my little chick lies here nn my arm. 


How many boys and girls who read this paper 
are ashamed of their parents? If you tell me that I 
will tel! you how many ill-composed youth there 
are in the church. 

Oh how we used to run and hide behind mother 
r*T*»n- we saw him coming," said grandmother, 
laughing as she thought of it i'\en though it hap-~ 
pened when she was a little girl in the far-away land 
of Germany. "1 can't remember why we were 
afraid of the charcoal burner, unless it was because 
he was so black, and his clothes were so dirty with 
queer little holes burned in them. Even his hat 
was full of holes from the flying sparks. 

" One time I visited my uncle, who was a forester 
and lived in the deep pine woods of the Black For- 
est. It was a great tr*at when he would take me 
with him as he walked through the shady woods, 
marking, with his long-handled hatchet, a tree here 
and there for the wood-choppers, the tall straight 
ones for lumber for the next farmer's new barn, and 
some crooked, knotted trees for the charcoal burn- 

"I will never forget the surprise I had one day on 
one of these walks. As we came into a little clear- 
ing we saw a family of charcoal burners at their 
work. They had already piled the wood into the 
steeple shaped heap, started the fire in the middle 
of it, where it was roaring like in a great chimney. 
Then the black man and his two boys began shovel- 
ing earth to cover the outside of this burning pile. 
The sparks were flying and the flames bursting out 
here and there, and the black man was shouting to 
his boys to hurry. They worked faster than ever. 

This was not help enough, so they called to the 
woman and little girl who were cooking the dinner 
in the rough log hut near by, and they hurried to 
help as well as they could. The burning pile must 
all be covered with earth, so that the wood, instead 
of burning to white ashes, would turn into the 
charred coal that I had always seen the blacksmith 
use. Uncle told me that it took a whole week to 
turn the great pile of wood into good charcoal, and 
that even if the charcoal burner is black and sooty 
his work has to be done well and with just as much 
care as other kinds of work that are cleaner. 

"I often thought about the little girl with the 
black eyes shining through her dirty face, and nev- 
er was afraid of the charcoal burner again after I 
had seen him at his work, with his wife and children 
helping him, in the far-away Hlack Forest," 


»»» THE » INGLENOOK » • » 



There are large tracts of land in most of the 
Rocky Mountain States, where the rainfall is in- 
sufficient to raise crops naturally adapted to the lat- 
itude, and water is furnished upon these lands by 

In order to irrigate land it is necessary to have a 
supply of water at a higher elevation than is the 
land to be irrigated. This supply may be secured 
in various ways, such as damming up a creek- or riv- 
er, to water the land below the dam, or raising the 
water from strong wells by means of power pumps, 
into reservoirs raised above the surface to be wa- 
tered, or sometimes a small stream may be made to 
change its course so that, with a temporary dam, 
the water is run across the f^eld for all necessary 
purposes. When once the supply of water is se- 
cured and the land ready all that remains to be 
done is to let out the water upon the prepared soil 
or growing crops as needed. This is done in no 
hap-hazard manner for it requires careful planning 
and the use of good judgment to grow vegetation 
under irrigation, and upon desert land this must be 
repeated semi-monthly. If the ground is not natur- 
ally level it must be made so with plow and scraiier 
and drag, with a gentle fall in one direction suffi- 
cient to induce the water to slowly creep across the 
surface, saturating the soil as it goes. 

Now, supposing you have a ten acre field, all 
made as level as po.ssible, with a gradual fall to the 
southwest of about two feet in the entire distance 
.across. As it is impossible to spread the water 
over the entire tract from one point the land must 
be divided so that a portion is watered at a time. 
This is accomplished by plowing so that a ridge is 
thrown up extending across the field, from north to 
south, every fifty feet. That is, when the ridges 
are completed the ten acre tract will be laid off in 
.about fourteen "lands," running north and south, 
each "laud" about fifty feet wide, and separated 
the one from the other, by a raise the size of an or- 
tlinary sweet potato ridge. Now then, a ditch with 
raised banks is made along the north side of the ten 
acres, to run the water in, and this ditch should be 

lar|;e enough to carry a strejiin abuuliluciliisisfls^^ J- 

"and width of a common flour barrel. Ordinarily 

year. As a rule the total cost to the farmer will 
range from one to two dollars per acre per year, any 
way it is taken. Considering the certainty and 
yield of crops under irrigation this cost is not 
heavy, as wheat and barley may be expected to 
yield from twenty to forty bushels per acre, and al- 
falfa about five tons. 

While there are agreeable features about having 
the water at hand for vegetation regularly and sure- 
ly, there are also unpleasant features, and one of 
these is that the farmer is obliged to receive his wa- 
ter at regular intervals, whether it suits his plans or 

Another feature of farming under a large canal 
that is the cause of much unpleasantness is the 
inevitable presence of the water stealer. Strange 
as it may seem, people who are above the ordinary 
forms of crime and dishonesty become willful water 
thieves when living along a canal ditch. This is 
done by watching the flow of water as it glides 
along his fields to his neighbor situated farther on, 
and raising his own gate so that a part of the stream 
enters his own premises, when, according to the 
schedule adopted, his neighbor should have all of 
the flow at that period. Of course the steal is 
made so slight he hopes the man he is robbing will 
not miss what he takes, and often the theft is not 
detected. But in case the thief is greedy in his 
steal, or there are several at it, the suspicions of the 
rightful owner are aroused, and an investigation is 
made along the canal with the result that the guilty 
party is found out. 

Then there are decidedly agreeable features in a 
locality where the moisture is furnished by irriga- 
tion. In the first place the climate is usually 
healthful because very dry. Then farming and gar- 
dening and orcharding are done in the most thor- 
ough manner, in small tracts, thus making a closely 
settled community, which, at a bird's-eye view, has 
the appearance of a village of rich, carefully tilled 
gardens and farms and orchards; and when the 
roadways, ribboned on either side by the fingers of 
a canal, are overarched by great branching treetops, 
as is not usual in countries less than a score of 
years of settlement, there is a charm about the scen- 
ery that cannot be reproauced in a lifeiime. upon, 
the prairies fed by the ra': .- _L--^is- ^ , 


Rdveftising Column 

The INGLENOOK reaches far and wide among a class olhuIilT ~^^ 
mainly agrkultutal. and nearly all well-lo-do. It affords an un J*' ''*"*Pl(, 
of reaching a casli puichasine constituency. Advertiscinent^'''K ***« 
proved by the management will be inserted at the unifonn V *fs»p. 
Inch, cash with the order. :md no discount whatever (or contin'iJ"'*'* •* 
*i oo per loch, first and each succeeding time. The Inglbnoo '""*"''"* 
organ ol the church carrying advertisements. ^ "">« ou, 

ppize Winners 

We have the best strains of 
poultry going. You'll hear 
something of interest, if you only keep half a dozen chicke 
We Sell Eggs foP Hatching. 
AU our fowls are prize winners. Send a stamp with 
inquiry and we'll tell you something new about the poIZ 
business. ^ 

The Buffalo Vallev Poultry Farm 

Lewisburg, Pa, 
Mention you saw this advertisement in 1ngle\ook 


Will pay you better, and al Ht 
same time you will have less wjik 
if you will use HUNT'S DILU 


and we pay the freight. Address; 

A. B. GULP & CO., Eureka, III, 

Caps and Bonnets 

...MADE AT... 

Reasonable Prices. 

Goods furnished that will please. Write for circular ex- 
plaining how to order. Address: 

Miss Mary Rover, 

Mt. Morris, 111, 
Mention you saw this advertisement in Inglbnook. 

this Jitch will be about two-thirds full of water, and 
as it flows along the farmer must work to get the 
water out ot the ditch upon the land. This is ac- 
compiished by damming the water so that it raises 
to the top ot the ditch and then an opening is made 
in its raised edge at the east side of one of the 
" lands," through which the water pours in a con- 
stant stream, and owing to the incline of the surface 
to the southwest, it gradually spreads over the en- 
tire land lying between 'the two ridges, and as it 
flows is absorbed by the porous soil until well satu- 
rated, Then another " land " has the water turned 
upon it and is likewise irrigated. If the stream is 
large in the main ditch along the north of the tract, 
several lands may be watered at once. The dam- 
ming of the water in the main ditch and turning oK 
upon the "lands" is best done by having boxes 
fitted for the water to run through, arranged with 
gates which, when closed, check the flow of water, 
and turn it where wanted. 

In localities where constant irrigation is necessa- 
ry, the water is usually furnished in a large stream 
from a river or reservoir, and is gradually distribut- 
ed over hundreds and thousands of acres by later- 
als, or smaller ditches leading out from the main 
canal. The writer has in mind one irrigating canal 
that carries a stream from the river about sixty feet 
wide and ten feet deep, ,ind as the canal goes out 
over the land its burden of water is led off in vari- 
ous directions by canals and ditches which become 
smaller and smaller and more numerous the farther 
out they reach, until the large canal ends in a mul- 
titude of barrel-size streams such as would run 
along the ten acre tract described above, and finally 
the surplus water, if any, is led away by waste 
ditches to join the river again farther down its 
course. Large irrigation canals are usually con- 
trolled by companies. The farmer makes his own 
ditches on his farm, the obligations of the company 
ceasing when once the water is led to the farm. 
The cost of water varies with the ease of obtaining 
the supply, and is estimated variously by different 
companies. Some charge so much per quantity 
used while others charge so much per acre per 

If You at»e Going to 

Build Fence... 

This spring, do not fail to drop a card to the- address 
below, asking for descriptive circulars of oneofthebesi 
smooth-wire fences offered the public. 

Stefling, 111. 

Mention you 

this advectisenieot in INGLENOOK. 

Who goes about changing the water in all the 
ponds? What is it keeps the water sweet in some 
of them through the whole year? E.tamine a 
wholesome pond and you will find that in it are 
both animals and plants. They dwell together in 
harmony, each living for itself alone it is true, but 
each absolutely dependent on the other for its life. 
Many of the animals are vegetarians and find their 
food close at hand as soon as they come forth to 
feed. But even the carnivorous, the cannibals, are 
dependent chiefly on the plants tor their air supply. 
Then, too, the bodies ot the animals give off car- 
bonic acid gas which, if not taken up by the plants, 
would soon render animal life impossible in the 
poison-laden water. So the plants and animals in 
the water are interdependent. 

J. J. Ellis & Co., 

(Members ol Balliiiiore Conmns^ion 
and Flour Excliaiiee) 

Commission Mercinants, 


Grain, Hay, Seeds and 
Country Ppoduee. 

305 S. Chartes St., 


.■ this advertisement in Inclinook. 

We solicit 

Your Business. 

The most important thing in life is to build 
perfect character, with virtue for its foundation and 
truth for its corner-stone, supported by the pillars 
of labor, honesty and sincerity; with walls of kind- 
ness and charity and towers of strength, purpose 
and ambition and a capstone of piety. The whole 
bound together with love, fortified with temperance 

nd dedicated to Jehovah. 

There is no fault or folly ot my life which does 
not rise up against me, and take away my joy and 
shorten my power of possession, of sight, of under- 
standing. And every past effort of my life, every 
gleam of righteousness or good in it, is with me 
now, to help me in my grasp ot this art and its 
vision.— A*w.t/7//. 


We furnish all Kinds of Cap Goods , 

Very Low Prices. 

We Send Goods by Mail to all Parts of the 
States. Send for Samples Free to 


Elgin, 111- 


The Inglenook. 

The rletu, High-elass UiteraPy 
of the Brothephood. 


Issued weekly. The price Is Sl.oo a ye»r. h" "« " 

It is a rule of the White House that • ^ls^' 
be allowed to warble, or even liv g\.% s*** '■'■ 
The wife of President Hayes . ■^"IJiJ •'•'^ 'ulc years 
ago, and it has been observed as ..ered precedent. 
When Mrs. Cleveland first went to the White House 

to live after her marriage, she had a pet canary. 

Hut the rule against birds was explained to her, and 

she gave the bird away. 

1 send 11 1« "' 
.r ol these lines lot'tii'e m\ oi thi's »e»i on the receipt o( h ^^^^^ ^^^^^ 
;t is , youth's paper that will be read hy older P;°"|',,„.,l,l.. »«„ 

contain specially prepared articles on top cs ^^^ j^,,,,,.. 
,e best talent ol the church will be "P'"", ,„„„ 10 li«" 
rightest writers in the world will he lound In It Itoiu ^^ ^^^^^^ 

Timely articles on Nature and Natural History will "PP'-^ ^^^ ,„„V 
Your boy wants the paper, your Birl wants It. volt 
chance lor you to brighten some young lUc by S"^" 
It's the best use lor your filty cents we can thInK ' ■ 
You will want a complete file and we can|t agi 
Send lor The Inglbnook and y 

reetol"'"""" tvn«» 

Brethren Pablisbing Ho°='' i^i 

(For Inglenook.) 



Here's to the one who loves to do 

The little things of life. 
Who lets no large ambition woo 

Him into worldly strife; 
A kindly man content to work 

At any useful task. 
Who has no duties he would shirk, 

No favors he would ask. 

Here's to the man, where'er he be! 

And 0, Thou gentle One. 
Remember, in Thy ministry, 

The good that he has done, — 
Tlie happy words, the helpful deeds. 

So tender and so true! 
For those who have no selfish needs, 

Alas, are all too few. 

Ah, he who takes a humble part. 

In trade, in church, in state, 
And lets no envy fill his heart 

With hatred for the great. 
Can watch the wheel of fortune roll 

Its luckless favors out. 
Conscious that he has won his soul 

Who conquers care and doubt. 

This health to him! — who learns to feel 

Tli^t little things Ir Vfc - - ■ ^- — - ^^— - 
Make ue.lhe best of human weal, — 

The wtrllit of human strife; 
Who hides his anger in a smile, 

His worry in good cheer. 
And lives without a trace of guile. 

And dies without a fear! 


Peoi'Le read much these days about Cuba and 
l»tana, and Inglenook readers hear of this place 
ind country as a far-off part of the world, rather 
emote and unusual. Now the facts are that it is 
'fT near the United States, and there are many 
Americans there. It may even be that some of our 
«Mers with wandering spirit may have in contem- 
W'on a trip to Havana. This is all right as far as 
'»«it IS concerned, but it is not recommended as a 

ace to live, unless one is willing to give up much 
a« js distinctively American. 
■cuU t'^'i^""^'' °' """ <:°"n'ry, Spanish, is not dlf- 

ire „ 1 "°" ^ "°'''' °^ " '° g^' ^'°"S' ^is 'here 
nou I°''f '''''° ""'''^■■"'^"d English, or at least 

betourk ""r",'" "'^'^'^ ^''^y ""= ''"§"="' P^'h °f 
inowS ■ "^ '" ""= interior it is necessary to 
Btiv,./7l! "" "'"' '^ ""^ language spoken by the 
■ Ihe person who makes a flying trip to the 
^8 Wies IS usually very glad to get back home, 
'^es are poor compared with our own, and 

> method of preparation is decid- 

ithc, ^ , '^ '^^'^ ^°°'^ is not the most Invltin 


"lions"'*h "= all pretty much alike. The older 
* streets ^'^ "'°*' °* "^'' interest lies, have nar- 
'^"'^d fro ^if "'^ "°' '"*■■''"£ Liy any means, 
^•^ sanit "' ■'^nieiican's angle of observation. 

»s „„, ,^J^ "conditions, where the United States 

'Strip),,/'? ^ '''"'•' are horrible and invite dls- 
'e"t.ind eff Ti, o 
ilthcn,,- ■ Spanish occupants, or at 

' matters '""'^ °* "'*' P'=°P''=' ^o not let such llt- 

lem. i^ .^^ .sanitation and cleanliness trouble 

sc ou, .an'>ago the custom was to throw all 

rains wj h° "'■'' ^^'^'^^ ^""^ '*=' " '"^ "^^'■'^ "" 
»;.-. ^ned it away. The condition maybe 



No ^jjj ^ . 

"^^ ^s a*" pj^" °^ oi-dinary means should think of 
^^^ '° I've. It is possible to exist on 

next to nothing on the native plan, but the things 
an American wants to eat and wear are high in price 
and poor in quality. If there is no well paid posi- 
tion in sight before the start is made no reader 
should think of going. There is practically no 
work to be had and in the manual labor line wages 
are very low. 

If, however, the visitor has considerable means he 
can make himself very comfortable on the Island. 
He can arrange his life to keep away from the 
squalor and evil surroundings of the natives, and 
then with the climate and -the possibilities the 
place may be made an ideal one. If he is an early 
riser, and it is well that he should be, the first thing 
is coffee, hot, black and strong. It is regarded by 
the natives as a preventive of disease and however 
strange such and other customs may seem to us, 
where they are universally accepted there can be no 
doubt of there being a good reason for the usages 
and it Is better for the newcomer to drop into 
them. The cooking will be Spanish, and it will 
take a long time for the American to become ac- 
customed to it, Over in Mexico the Spanish and 
Mexican people use a great deal of chile in cooking, 
that is, red peppers, and they do not make food as 

Ju>t -1^ might he imafifBfi^ '^"^ ^*'*'^ r^..^iA^A\y de&ic- 

able addition. In Cuba, for some reason, the pep- 
per is neglected, and much of the cooked food 
tastes as though all done in the same pan. 

Most of the business of a Spanish speaking coun- 
try is done in the fore part of the day. At midday 
and in the early part of the afternoon, while the 
stores, etc., are not shut up, there is a very rest- 
ful feeling prevalent and it is not a good time to do 
business. Nobody is in a hurry in a tropical coun- 
try and everybody takes his time to it. This condi- 
tion is exasperating at first and as a rule is finally 
adopted by the newcomer, and the laziest mortals 
the writer ever saw were of the class that had adopt- 
ed not only the country but its ways. The rule in 
the tropics is never to do to-day what may by any 
means be put off until to-morrow. 

It is pretty hot along the coast in day time, cool- 
er in the interior, pleasant in the mountains and at 
all times and places the nights are cool and quiet. 
The people, — well, the people are Spanish with 
Spanish ways, and you may come to like them after 
a fashion, perhaps as much as they will like you. 
As a rule there is a vast amount of skin deep polite- 
ness and not much love lost between the Spaniard 
and the Yankee. Some third party wearing a uni- 
form might tell why. Finally those who go to any 
of our recently acquired Spanish countries should 
be sure of having things cut out for them in the way 
of work before they start, and they should see that 
there is money enough in sight to get home again 
when it becomes a necessit)-. In any event the 
feeling will be that the United States is a good 
enough place, after all. 

seen. If she is not inclined to the experiment she 
says so, or shows it in some way, and then by the 
unwritten code of Indian courtship the man desists 
from further effort. If it is all right they remain 
standing, so wrapped in a borrowed blanket that no 
body knows who they are. They may be thus stand- 
ing for hours at a time, and neither the younger 
ones nor the older members of the tribe ever inter- 
fere in any way. The courtship does not, as a rule, 
last very long if it is satisfactory all around, and 
the man has the necessary ponies to buy her of her 
parents. If he is too poor for that he elopes with 
her, and returns later to be well received, usually, 
and live happily ever afterward, as the stories go. 
That is, she does all the work while he rests. It 
may occur to the reader that there are others as 
well as the Indians in the latter respect. 


Bishop Lawrence, of Massachusetts, the succes- 
sor of the lamented Philips Brooks, tells this little 
joke upon himself with keen relish. 

It was at the time when there was a vacancy in 
the bishopric, and Doctor Brooks was the most 
pronuaeat-candidate. Mr. I^wrence. then Dean oi - 
the Theological School in Cambridge, was walking 
with President EHot, of Harvard University, and 
the two were discussing the situation. 

" Don't you hope Brooks will be elected?" asked 
the Dean, 

" No," said Doctoj- Eliot; " a second or third rate 
man would do just as well; and we need Brooks in 
Boston and Cambridge." 

Philips Brooks was elected, and a little later Doc- 
tor Eliot and Mr. Lawrence again discussed the 

"Aren't you glad Brooks was elected? " queried 
the Dean. 

"Yes, I suppose so," said Doctor Eliot, "if he 
wanted it; but to tell the truth, Lawrence, you were 

my man." 

— •— 



Human nature is pretty much alike the world 
over, and this altogether independent of race or 
color. This is exemplified in the case of the Indian 
of the plains and his dusky itiamoyata. When a 
young Indian wants to meet a young woman in 
whom he has an interest he usually borrows a blan- 
ket, and putting it over his head, stands where the 
young woman will pass on the way to the stream 
for water. When she comes along he throws it 
over her head, and they wrap it around them in 
such a way that they can see out, but cannot be 

Richard Whiteing, whose remarkable studies of 
life in the East End of London have made so 
marked an impression upon the reading public, 
gained his knowledge of the subject by living 
among the workers as one of them. Many of his 
experiences among the submerged tenth are even 
more interesting than those he has told in print. 

Once, while talking with a grizzled old woman, 
who li\'ed in the same tenement, he referred to the 

" Oh, 'ovv I would like to be the Queen! " said the 
ancient beldame. 

" Why? '■ asked Mr. Whiteing. 
" It isn't because of her 'orses, because if I were 
a Queen I would 'ave a donkey-cart with red 
wheels; and it isn't because of her band of musi- 
cians on horseback which goes ahead of the 'orse- 
guards, for I'd much rather 'ave a Hitalian with a 
'and organ; but just think, if she wakes up at three 
o'clock in the morning and wants a bile to eat she 
can touch a bell and 'ave beef and boiled cabbage 
right away." 

A factory girl visited a collection of antique 
sculptures, and on her return Mr. Whiteing asked 

" How did you like the statues? " 
" None too much at first, sir, because nearly all of 
them were shamelessly dressed. That made nie mad 
until I thought that they wuz awfully poor in them 
days and didn't 'ave monc)' to buy clothes with. 
Then do you know I felt real bad because there 
wasn't a single lidy in the whole lot of them what 
'ad a bonnet to her name." 

»»P THE » INGLENOOK » » » 

M Coppespondcnee ^ 



Some time ago it occurred to the management of 
the Inglenook that it would be a matter of intense 
interest if some of our older people were to give 
the young folks the benefit of their experience in 
life, and what they would do had they it all to go 
over again. All of us who have passed the noon 
hour have often thought that we would like a sec- 
ond chance. With the experience we have had 
there would be a different management of affairs,— 
possibly. Going back is impossible, but all our 
young readers with their chance at hand will do 
well to read carefully what these people have to say 
about it. It will also interest older people, as well. 
« * • 

What would I do you ask, could I live that cher- 
ished period of my life over again? With the many 
painful events, sad reverses, clouds and storms, on 
this side of those memorable years, to control the 
decision, I certainly would do differently than what 
I have done. 1 would value more my youthful 
privileges. I would listen more attentively to the 
counsels of the just, rendered worthy by age and 
experience. I wouldbend my energies in the way 
of piety and truth, and appropriate the native aspi- 
rations of my .soul. I would shun the evil influenc- 
es that polluted the virgin soil, and as a result my 
life would be more serene and joyous and the goad- 
ings of a guilty conscience would be averted. — Gfo. 
D. Xalhn. 

« W Mt 

If I were a girl again I would give my heart to 
the Lord, and I would study all I could of His 
Word. I would learn some trade and I would want 
a good education. 1 would master housekeeping, 
cooking and sewing. I would be careful of my 
associates, and I would have nothing to do with 
people who used tobacco, drank, or swore. I would 
>eek Chribli.ia eompany.--£;«M((7 Culp Ffauiz, 
Ml * • 

If I were a boy again I would do as I advise boys 
to do in this article. No boy should use tobacco, 
or so much as taste liquor. He should be strictly 
honest, economical and never spend more than he 
earns. It is best to alwa>s obey parents. Make 
the employer's interest his own and never do any- 
thing or be seen anywhere that he would be 
ashamed of before any person. Twenty years ago 
I ga\e a boy this advice, and he is in the same re- 
sponsi^jle position now that he entered then, trusted 
by everybody. — 5. R, Zits;, 


ry. I would have a small library of the best books, entire trip covered from four hundred to a thous- 

■ ■ ' miles, and was made single file, in Indian fast-" 

and the string of people in thf • '""■ 

reached a couple miles in length. 

J\s soon as they arrived where the buffalo 
expected the greatest caution was observed r'^' 
tain Indians called la-ri-puk-us were told off '' 

I FEEL aertain that of all things I should cultivate 
a cheerfid disposition, search more diligently for 
the silver lining to the cloud, and not take life too 
serious. I should play where I often worried, laugh 
where I often cried, commune with Nature rather 
than with harrassed thoughts: for every lime we 
look her in the face she smiles at us; and thus em- 
ployed, much of my chikiish troubles would have 
vanished, and 1 would not find it so difficult a task 
to be gay at thirty. I should skip like a rabbit, 
sing like a lark, bound over fences and climb trees, 
even. Perhaps some folks might think me a trifle 
rowdyish. What shoidd I care for that? After all 
these years of experience, if I had them to live over 
again, I should surely know that a free and happy 
girlhood would do much towards preparing me for 
the place I now occupy, and more truly fit me to be 
a contpanion to the little ones who to-day twine 
their sweet arms around my neck and call pie mam- 
ma. My dear girls, the worry habit is the bane of 
the heart's contentment, and like all other habits, 
unless killed utterly, strengthens with the years. 
You have your life to live but once. Be sure that 
you start right. — Sadie Brallier Noffsin^er. 
• • • 
I WOULD probatjly do much the same as I did 
under the same conditions and with the same sur- 
roundings. There are some things 1 would change 
if I were a boy again and it were in my power to do 
so. I would unite with the church at twehe, when 
God first called me, instead of waiting until twenty 
as I did because the church was not ready to take 

selected by those who could appreciate the long- 
ings of a boy's heart after knowledge, and there 
shouldn't be a trashy novel or a book with an im- 
pure thought in the lot. I would have history, 
travels, science and literature of the best type. I 
would be exceedingly careful as to the kind of com- 
pany I kept. Evil companions blight the purity of 
a boy's life. I would have a better education. In- 
stead of graduating at the old log schoolhouse with 
its slab benches and its pouring-in process I would 
have a good common-school education of the mod- 
ern type as a basis for advanced work. Other 
things I would have and do, but above all I would 
try, from boyhood to manhood, from manhood to 
age to make fewer mistakes and to be more helpful 
to others.— Z). L. Miller. 

« # « 
If I were a girl again I would talk less and listen 
more. Everybody admires a bright-eyed, sunny, 
well-behaved girl, and I would try harder to be all 
that. 1 would never allow anybody to flatter me, or 
to take an)' liberties with me in any way. No good 
can come of these things. I would do all that I 
could to develop the better side of my nature and 
be a Christian in every respect.— .1/«j-j' J/. Gibson. 
* « * 
The following, though not strictly in line with 
what we wanted, will Be of interest to all who know 
our aged brother. It tells the story of his early life: 
Hy request I give the following sketch of the 
early history of my life. My time was much need- 
ed on the farm. And, as was the custom in those 
days, part of my business was in hay-making and 
harvest to carry the bottle to the fields; but before 
long I told father that I would not do it. I had 
some mechanical ingenuity, and had to do the re- 
pairs needed for the farm. This left me but little 
time, two or three months each winter, for school 
and a limited education, reading, writing and Pike's 
arithmetic, to square root. And becoming of age, 
money too scarce, and time of life too short to take 
a college course, and not needed for the business 
affairs of life^ 1 at oaice weal into partnership on 
the farm, wrote- the contract and went to work, but 
I want to tell you, boys, that while I was going to 
school every winter, we boys and young men or- 
ganized debating schools, in which I frequently 
acted as secretary. This put me to reading and 
thinking and was the most profitable time spent in 
my early life, and more still I want to tell you I 
was ver)' careful about ni)- associations; would not 
keep company with any of a disreputable character, 
and they would say that I was selfish, and I was glad 
of it, because if they would say otherwise it would 
be a reflection upon me; sometimes I was told that 
someone had complimented me; and I would say I 
am glad that they think more highly of me than I 
do of myself. If I had to live it over, I might 
make some changes, improve opportunities as the)- 
should be. — B. F. Mootmm'. 




their duty was to watch for a herd. Whi 
the herds was discovered the watchfulness «■ 
doubled. A council was called to determ 
whether it was well to go ahead, and in these co ^ 

cils the medicine men, or Indian doctors nl-.., . 

, , . ' F'">e(] 3 

promment part, sometimes delaymg the start f 
days, simply saying that it "was not good yet " a 
when it was decided that everything was propitin 
the fact was announced by a herald. The flcei, , 
ponies were mounted, and a considerable system 
was customary. Ahead was a dozen or more toll 
off for the purpose, with two old men on foot i 
front, with rattles and medicine bags, and then tli 
main body behind. The whole party was lined m 
as near the herd as possible without disturbinoii 
and the word was given. 

At this point pandemonium began. With a lornj 
shout the whole party charged the herd. Tkt 
ponies were guided by the knees of the rider, whost 
hands were busy with his bow and arrows. E.ich 
hunter selected his animal, generally a young con- 
about two ye&rs old, and riding abreast an arrow 
was driven into the animal, effort being made to 
send it between the projecting part of the hip and 
the ribs in such a way as to drive it downward 
through the vitals. These arrows were sometimes 
shot with such force that they passed clear througk 
the buffalo, and if one arrow was not sufficient to 
stop the career of the beast another was shot into 
it. Then another animal was selected, and Ibe 
operation repeated. It did not take long till about 
three hundred animals were either killed, or so dis- 
abled that they were readily dispatched. 

The carcasses were now skinned, cut up and 
packed on spare horses and brought to camp. Tht 
hides were pegged on the ground to dry, and the 
meat was cut into thin strips, placed on poles ovei 
a slow fire, in order to dry it partiallj-, uht-n it \ni 
beaten with a stick till it was flattKned out, and Ihei 
it was thoroughly dried and pitcked in bales, ii 
which condition it would keep for years witlioil 
apparent deterioration. No salt was used in (ts 

There will never again be another Indian buffilo 
hunt, for civilization, so called, has ruined the In 
dian and destroyed the buffalo. 


The buffalo has practically passed away. There 
were countless millions of them in the country, and 
the range of the animal was from the extreme east 
westward to and beyond the Rocky Mountains. 
Ruthlessly slaughtered for the mere sake of killing, 
they were soon decimated, and now only a few, 
probably a couple of hundred in different parts of 
the country, remain to mark the passage of an ani- 
mal that covered the plains in dense black herds 
that occupied hours or even days in passing a given 

The Indian's reliance on the buffalo as a food 
supply is well known, though the particular course 
taken in the hunts that took place twice a year is 
not generally known at this date, except by a few 
old people who were on the scene of active opera- 
tions at the time of the presence of the Indian. 
The hunts in which the whole tribe engaged may 
be said to have been a summer and 'a winter expe- 
dition. The time of making the start was deter- 
mined by a tribal council, and all the possessions of 
the Indians that they could not take with them 
were carefully buried, cached, as it was called, and 
every man and beast was called in to go along. 
Every member of the tribe, old and young, accom- 


The following letter from a sister tells the sioo 
of a leper in the pest house in San Francisto- 
These people, the ones denied help from friends 
etc., are everywhere. They are lying on their bacb 
in the charity wards of the hospitals, in the homa 
for old people, in the asylums of every l<ind,an 
many of them have no friends. We would be gl» 
to send these people the Inglenook, 
is too great for one. 
divide the pleasure. 

we will send the Inglenook to some 5""^'^ Pj^^^^jj 
the country, advising you of the party d '^^^^. 
You will never receive any benefit in ^"'^^^^ 
from the gift. In the ne.xt, some thin, vemei ^ ^ 
maybe raised when you are before the Ju g ^^^^ 
the story of the good you did them be ^°^'^^^^^^^ 
you may learn that, inasmuch, you are 8'^'" ^.j, 
life for the unthankcd deed of good you di 

but the bniJc 
Then it would be better » 
For every fifty cents receni 

Dear iHgienook 

Your letter of request received. I 
formation asked for as I received it. Mrs. 

Your Tetter of_ request received.^ IvM |'|",J-s ,11 

is leprosy. 1 read of her -^''^f^P^^'/l^JafbSll. E'^^ 
■ Whenshcloslhe ^ 


, .list", 

A »ill?!i 


me. I would study the Bible more carefully than 1 panied the expedition, which was generally in the 
did and commit the important parts of it to memo- | direction of western Kansas and Nebraska. The 

you a short outline of her case 
came to this country years ago. ra..-- 

she took up nursing for a living. She was '■- j , 
man with smallpox and it was afterward u'""" j ,.mv 
as well as smallpox. Just a slight cut on her ''■ ^^^^j „ :- 
infection. She tried all remedies but to no a'-'^^^,,,-,, 
to this setllemenl, the pest h<iuse at ^'aIl ^ ' gj;iTi, 
are fourteen other lepers there; two men ami ^^-i,,, 
this woman, are white, the others are *-""''^ .'sije s^'^- 
what she did lo pass the lime she ausw'"^" „,j|iai ■' 
such poor clothes as she coulH gel and ^", , ^..itvcn 
and Ihought.-thought. She liked lo ',f."il;",eoJ>M " 
reading matter. "People," she said 
and starts; then forget entirely. 

"send fi^'':, 
■ fhiiik "I 

"•LooFaV'lhirplicernnry lhe^X'!L,1"'' Tdoo'" 

alls, and the Cross on Lone Mountain. -^^ , 
. It mocks me with its promise of s.a > ■ „hy I '_ 
saved me from a living dealh. I do" ' «" •■ 1 fel' '*''>> 

.^ 1 , ^. n,,r}lIS. ' (nilif^.i 

mad during the long d.nys and longer nighlS-_ 
be helped by sending, say once a montn. - 

a letter of sympathy to her. While we M" '^^^^j loWy 
much good it does her, we can feel we li.i .j j„ lc< 
of God's children. The writer had to sland 
from the wall while talking to the leper. 

"»» THE » INGLENOOK »»» 

^^ flatupc *■ study -»- 



master on 

one of the India railroads 

eeed in his building by a fierce tiger, who 
"' ,u,- down on the platform or walked up and 

down on 


the track, peering into the windows now 
g his chops in expectancy. 

J then and licking 

did not understand telegraphy or inte 

Luckily, he 


^ But it was a long, long day to 

cepting "l^'i^^^^^^ before a detachment of soldiers 
'""^ '" 'to his rescue in response to his appeals by 

,s sen' ' 

Obstructing the 
a reast 

but;' " 
house < 

actual building of a railroad, 

is something so novel and so remarkable 

-on' for stopping work upon it that Lord Salis- 

"■ not long since was forced to mention it in the 

' of lords in explanation of the delay. It was 
1,^ Uganda railway in Central Africa, near Victoria 
N' ■ nza A pair of man-eating lions actually defied 
l^'.^ljfitish lion there for more than eight months 
and ihtew 6,000 men out of a job for three weeks. 

iicredible as this may seem at first, the habitual 

exploits of lions and tigers in Africa and India give 

a high, degree of plausibility. The beasts were 

incessant in their attacks. They dragged off and 

deioun.ll ^ovfi of these laborers. They came 

lU into their camjjs, stuck their heads into their 
tent!- or walked into their huts, whence they would 
cany off one or more of the dozen inmates. The 
greater part of the camp, having at length moved 

Ihc country beyond the foraging ground of the 

IS, several hundred were left behind to build 
bridges. Upon these the lions made a still more 
sanguinary descent. Night after night they would 

ry away one and sometimes two men. They at- 
tacked white engineers, doctors, soldiers and mili- 
tary officers as well as laborers from India, coolies 
and African natives. On almost any night, and at 
any time of the night, the men were liable to be 
aroused by the shrieks of their abducted comrades, 
and to hear the cracking of their bones and the 
tearintj of their limbs a rod or two away, while the 

men in the hospital died from sheer terror at these 
horrible sounds and the horrible scenes they sug- 
gested. The beasts were shot at in the darkness, 
but seldom hit. For firearms, fire or torches they 
cared nothing. One of them leaped upon an officer, 
tore his knapsack from his back and then carried 
away and devoured a soldier near him. 

Many hecame so terror-stricken that they threw 
themselves on the rails in front of a coastward 
train and insisted on either being run over or ear- 
ned off on the tr-ain. Those who stayed forsook 
the tents and huts and camped out on the top of 
jvaler tanks, on roofs and bridge girders or in beds 
kshed to the higher branches of the trees. One 
n'ghi one of these bi-oke, letting its lodgers fall 
imhinafew feet of the lions. But, being already 
'"0 occupied with devouring a victim, the brutes 
ewenoheed to this "windfall," but let the intrud- 
es escape until another meal. 

^^The lions must themselves have had their pre- 
'ous moments of exultation if they were aware 
^^" 'hey had paralyzed 5,000 men and closed down 
J enterprise of a great government. Perhaps the 
ll'^'s would, had they known it, have formed an 
I '""" "■'"' 'hem. Ruskin, who hated railroads 
^^ause they spoiled the rural landscape and with 
Uiav'-h™"'''^ ^"d noise made life a burden, would 
toll " ^™P^^'^ to let them loose in England, as 
fcrced ^'^"''^ Bourbon 

hf,- J ° "'^^"^ ■''S'" °f way to railroads, which 
!"> "irtested fo, 

great care of these terrible weapons. Trees are 
frequently scored deep ten feet from the ground 
where the animals have cleaned and sharpened 
their claws. Both claws and whiskers are consid- 
ered love charms and the natives rush to get pos- 
session of them the moment they feel assured that 
the beast is dead. Like elephants that in India 
were used to execute criminals by crushing in their 
heads with one bare foot, the tiger was formerly 
employed to tear the condemned in pieces, 

A good deal of the village gossip of India is very 
naturally about tigers. One will tell of his lost fa 
ther, killed by a tiger; another has been bereft of 
his wife in the same fashion, and, what is more 
serious to most of them, nearly all have been de- 
prived of cows and bullocks. Tigers will pounce 
upon their herds in broad daylight. They creep 
upon old women picking up firewood in the jungle. 
They make the roads impassable at sunset, and 
even drop in upon a family circle without notifica- 
tion and carry off one of its members. In conver- 
sation the villagers are only temporarily diverted 
by talk of the famine, the cholera, the plague, the 
taxgathei-er. the wonders of the railroad, the tele- 
graph and electricity. They drift back speedily 
and inevitably to the tiger and his doings, for that 
is literally a matter of life and death with them. 

There would appear to be a marked difference of 
opinion about the character of the lion. Formerly 
painted as brave, magnanimous, noble: scorning to 
attack an enemy unprepared, to eat meat killed by 
anyone but himself, never assailing a man for whom 
he has a liking, he was later depicted as thievish, 
cruel, cowardly and treacherous, and far beneath 
the dog, the horse or the elephant. 

But a stiU later opinion contradicts this view. 
He is not hostile to man unless man begins it. 
Leave him alone and he will leave you alone. You 
may pass him without harm if you will show no 
fear. Assault him, as man is sure to do, and he will 
resent it, If he sees you are not afraid of him he 
will glide to your side and allow you to fondle him. 
Not until he has been wounded or had man wound 
one of his species does he become a man killer. 

,. , . J 1 . .u ■ ci-i-oJEbsy have all the fidelity of a doe— if well treatfid- 

lions (rrt)wied and quarreled over their prey: Sirntr^T 7T . ^ '''■ — "™, ~ — - ' ^ 

^ ^ ^ -^ they are your friends forex'er. They never for'get 





aristocrats who were 

) railroads, 
to the new order 

■'Wd^h ™i''° ^^'^'^ ^'^'^" ^ P^'"' °' ''°"^ meekly 

'■"aoin"' 1 ™'^"3g«''i': or the "zoo" can hardly 

"'Uiv "^.? '°'''^''"S it over thousands of people 

es ni ^ *'"" "^^y s^y go" over hundreds of 

'" territory. ~ 


^'ecn M '^' '^^^^^ 'S as much difference as 
iiciaii , P°''^on ^''"' "P '" St. Helena and his 
lore ^'"fns at Berlin and Vienna ten years be- 

tlcist'"iJ 'l""^ '^"^'^ '^'"^ ''°" '^' '" "^'' '■<^*P'='=' 
''""•a'ndh "^ heasts, including man some- 

fl^' "as a rival only in the tiger. 

ficjtj ' "^^ °f a tiger's arm and shoulder are 
W'h ^ ° '''°*^ ^^'^" '" nian and other mam- 
walking it can withdraw its claws so 



you and will always be glad to meet you— especial- 
ly when they are \ery hungry, or have eaten too 
much, as they often do. Then they will be restless, 
sleepless, growling, unhappy, lying down, getting 
up, eyes heavy and dim, mouth dry, paws trembling. 
It is a dyspeptic lion, and, like all victims of that 
indiscretion, is unhappy and not an agreeable com- 

Some maii^tain that the man-eating lion is only 
an old one, grown too feeble or slow to kill another 
animal but man; that, being carnivorous, he does 
not like human flesh any better than man likes the 
flesh of any other flesh-eating animal. This should 
be particularly true if the man is nicotinized from 
the use of tobacco. For sharks and cannibals dis- 
like that kind of seasoning. Those Jions of man- 
eating habits are said to become mangy and lose 
their hair; their mane fades in color and the effect 
of their diet is a decided reflection upon the human 
system. If they were not forced to eat men. or 
starve the havoc they cause in India and Africa 
would ne\'er occur. 


*«!ir and bUin 

t them, the tiger taking 

Mr. J.AMES Long li\-ed in the East, on a farm. 
He was about twenty-five years old, and had his 
crowth. Now James used to help mow a meadow 
and he did it with a scythe. In one corner of the 
field was a tree by a spring, and by standing on his 
tiptoes he could readily hang his scythe on a pro- 
jecting limb. This he often did as he rested in the 
shade of the tree. 

Now he went West, married, and settled down. 
In the course of ten years he decided to go back 
again on a visit to the old place. He had often 
thought of the tree, the spring, and the meadow, 
and he had told his wife and his children all about 
it. Now it so happened that he arrived at the old 
homestead when mowing was on. So he took the 
whole family down to the meadow field and watched 
the hired man. , He told how he used to hang his 
scythe on the limb he pointed out. Presently the 
mower came around, and just for the name of the 
thinf' he took the scythe and mowed across and 
back and then reached up to the limb to hang the 
scythe as he had done ten years before. He could 

not reach the limb, or rather the fork next the 
trunk of the tree. He said that the tree had grown 
up in the past ten years, and gave it up. 

Now here is the question. Mr. Long had not 
grown any shorter, the limb had no/ grown any 
higher, the scythe was the same old one, and the 
ground was not any lower, yet he could not hang up 
his scythe as he did long ago. There is no trick or 
catch in the question. Things are fairly stated. 
What had happened? There is a good reason, as 
plain as day, once you see it, and there is nothing 
funny about it. What had happened to prevent his 
reaching the fork of the tree and limb? 


Every boy has doubtless noticed a small round 
hole on the edge of a board, often one of the weath- 
erboards of a house or building, and he will tell 
you that it is the bumblebee that does it. This is a 
pretty good answer, but it is not, strictly speaking, 
the bumblebee that does it. The little gold-belted 
bee of the fields is the bumblebee, while the wood 
worker is called the carpenter bee. 

He, or rather she, bores it out personally, and 
after making a start in, turns short to the side and 
continues it from six inches to a foot, taking sev- 
eral weeks to the work. At the end of that time 
she gathers up some honey and pollen, making a 
paste, and puts it at the bottom of the hole. On 
this she lays a single egg, and then builds up a thin 
partition over it, and then deposits more honey and 
pollen, and lays another egg, and then builds anoth- 
er partition. This is repeated till the eggs are all 

In time the first laid egg hatches out into a worm, 
which wa.xes fat on the pollen and honey around it, 
and then after the chrysalid state comes out as a 
carpenter bee. The newborn bee breaks down the 
partition, and waits till the next one is in the dress 
of wings and belt, and so on till the last laid egg 
and bee are reached and the next step is for the 
whole lot to emerge from the hole and fly away. 
They do no harm, and should not be disturbed. 

The largest plant in the world is probably a gi- 
gantic seaweed, known as the nereocytis, which fre- 
quently grows to a height of more than 300 feet. 
The stem of the plant is as strong as an ordinary 
rope, and large quantities are dried and used as 
rope by the inhabitants of the South Sea islands, 
where the curious ^■egetable ropes are found. 

This seaweed usually grows to a depth of from 
200 to 300 feet. As soon as the plant takes root a 
spear-shaped balloon is formed, which grow^ with 
the stem toward the surface of the center. »This 
balloon frequently has a diameter of six feet or 

It has of course an upward tendency, .and there- 
fore keeps the stem growing until it floats on the 
top of the water. This enormous weed grows in 
such quantities that large, meadow-like islands are 
formed, which are often so big as to impede navi- 

It is said that the antelopes in Africa form the 
best game for lions, although it is not often that the 
prey is caught by running. Using the cover of 
bushes, the lion lies in wait for the antelope, and 
not infrequently gets in among a herd and kills 
thi'ee or four before they can scatter. An English 
traveler was a witness of a scene wherein both the 
lion and the antelope came to grief. The antelope 
came within a few yards of the crouching lion be- 
fore discovering its danger, and then dashed away 
without pausing to selecfa route. Unfortunately, it 
ran straight toward the precipitous bank of a river, 
and before it could turn, the lion had overtaken it. 
The lion probably realized his own danger, but 
could not check his rush, and the ne.\t moment 
both pursuer and pursued launched into the air, and 
were dashed to death on the rocky ground below. 

When compelled to travel all night the Siberian 
natives always make a practice of stopping just be- 
fore sunrise and allowing their dogs to get to sleep. 
They argue that if a dog goes to sleep while it is 
yet dark and wakes up in an hour and finds the sun 
shining he will suppose that he has had a full 
night's rest and will tra\'el all day without thinking 
of being tired. One Iiour's stop, however, at any 
other time will be of no use whatever. 

• »» XHE » INGLEXOOK »'■ • 


. r 



ahiKh Ktnrfc paper lor high giaile buy* ■tiiJ B"ls who loic gooti Tcatling. 
iNr.LENoOK wants eonlrihutions. bright, well wrltt<;n and at general interest. 
No love stories or any with Irllllng or cruelty in them will be considered. II 
you want your articles returned, il not avallnhic, send stamped and ad- 
dressed envelope. Send subscriptions, articles and everything Intended lor 
The iNr.L&NOOK. to the following address: 

Brethren PvnLiSMING Hoti.SE. Elgin. Illinois. 

Entered at the Post Oftice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter 


We do not mean the story of the head on our 
shouldiirs, but the heading of the paper. And 
thereby hangs a tale, Hriefly it is this. When it 
was decided to change the form of the Pi/ol it was 
also deemed best to change the name of the paper. 
It is not an easy thing to select an applicable and 
suggestive name for a new publication, and it was 
made the subject of considerabte discussion. The 
word " Inglcnook" was finally pitched on. Then it 
was deemed best to have an illustrated head for the 
publication, and the idea represented in the picture 
is a composite one, the result of consultation in the 
editorial room of The Inglenook. 

So the editor took the idea to Chicago, to a firm 
of engravers, and explained the situation. The 'pic- 
ture was drawn by an artist, and submitted for ap- 
proval. The drawing was done by a young Jew 
who had never seen an open fireplace in his life. 
Then it was again taken in by the Business Mana- 
ger who agreed that the artist should be instructed 
to take a look at him and put his features on the 
man reading the A/fsscfi^fr. It was supposed to 
have been so done, while the sister, the older one 
knitting, was intended to represent a member of the 
church known everywhere. But having scruples 
about the matter she declined the honor. When it 
was all tlone we thought that it would be a good 
idea to ask who the man was. 

We were not prepared for the storm of answers 
that came in from all over the country. Pretty 
neariy every prominent man in the church was 
named as the original, while but one person guessed 
right,— Bro. L. A. Pollock, of Batavia, 111. He had 
the original's name, and he is the only one. Those 
who attempted the older woman's naine had it right 
every time, though it was only a blind guess on the 
. part of the artist. It need be only added that the 
picture in the heading and the supposed original re- 
semble each other so little that they would pass as 
strangers on the street. There is no doubt, how- 
ever, but that the old folks, at least, are a typical 
pair, and nobody need feel disappointed at the fail- 
ure to gues8 right. 


ten on a postal card than one on a sheet of foolscap. 
Before you get up be sure that you have something 
of interest to say, that you know how to sa>- it, and 
that after it is said you will sit down. Then people 
will be glad to listen and wish that there was more 
of it, and that is the secret of all good writing. 


A BEAUTIFUL little New York girl has the dis- 
tinction of having her picture on every $2 bill is- 
sued by the United States in 1896, Her name is 
Rosa Marston, and she is but 16 years of age. Her 
f.ime as a model began in 1895, when Sarony, the 
New York art photographer, got her to pose for a 
series of pictures. Little Miss Marston is said to be 
the most shapely child known to the New York art- 
ists. She is particularly remarkable for the beauty 
and grace of her arms, hands and feet, which close- 
ly resemble the old Greek models. On the 1896 $2 
bill there is a group of five beautiful female figures. 
The one which represents Rosa Marston is that of 
the girl kneeling on the left of the group. She has 
posed for leading artists for over four years. The 
figures of Steam, Electricity and Manufactures on 
the 1S96 152 bill were all sketched from her poses, and 
she was one of the models for the beautiful figure 
paintings that decorate the walls of the congres- 
sional library at Washington. It is said that Miss 
Marston earns S50 a week as a model. In spite of 
her success she is a child in feeling, and is still fond 
of toys and pets. Her favorite pets are her spaniel 
Ned and her pony Nesby. 

When you gaze into a mirror that does not dis- 
tort your reflection until you seem to look like a 
laughing hyena, no doubt you feel that you are see- 
ing a fairly good representation of j'ourself. Scien- 
tists who have made a study of the subject say that 
the mirror never gives a fair picture of one's face. 
They assert that the color of the hair is "off tone," 
that the skin has a faded or bluish look that is not 
at all like the real color, and that even the color of 
the eyes is tampered with, much to the disadvan- 
tage of the person being represented. This infor- 
mation should be very encouraging to some folk, 
who ha\'e been studying themselves in the glass so 
much that they have become convinced that they 
are bilious, homelj', slant-featured and generally 
repulsive looking. The scientists maintain that no 
one looks as plain as the mirror makes one plainly 
look. Perhaps it is the fault of the looking-glass 
that many a small boy's hair will slant out in all 
directions behind while his brow locks are brushed 
as smooth as you please. 

The Inglenook would be glad to receive contri- 
butions on subjects that are clearly within the prov- 
ince and make-up of the paper as you see it. 
There is no end of people who do contribute, and 
the main fault of their work consists in the two 
facts that they are too long drawn out, and too 
heavy. Something short and crisp is what is want- 
ed, and it is better to have ten lines of something 
with life in it than some " discourse " on a topic 
that not one person in a hundred cares anything at 
all about. 

With the interests of our contributors ,it heart 
let us say that anybody can write a long, heavy, un- 
interesting article, while few can tell a thing that 
interests many in well-chosen words, and, having 
said it, can stop there. It takes Sixteen to write an 
article on the Dignity of Labor, and enlighten the 
world on the topic, while the trained writer would 
hesitate at the very threshold of the subject. His 
fifty years makes him careful about any such moun- 
tains to tunnel. But invari.ibly the youth walks 
boldly and bodily into the breach, and thinks that 
there is favoritism when his article is turned down. 
The Inglenook would sooner have an article writ- 

Think of an entire church being constructed of 
the wood from a single tree! Santa Clara, Cal., has 
such a house of worship. In 1S53 the first Baptist 
service held in that region was conducted under an 
oak tree. When the same Baptist society decided 
to build a church the site on which the tree stood 
was selected. This monster of the forest, which 
cast an acre of shade, was then cut down at a 
height of twenty-five feet and the timber was cut in- 
to lumber. The big stump was partially hollowed 
and allowed to stand as the church tower. A high 
steeple was erected on it and the church was built 
from the lumber made from the giant oak. When 
the church was completed 1,200 feet of lumber re- 
mained unused. The building is 30 feet wide by 70 
feet deep. It is a strong and handsome structure 
and is one of the " show places " of Santa Clara. 


We want an agent for the Inglenook in every 
community. If you are willing to make a canvass 
of your neighborhood and will write us for particu- 
lars, we will be pleased to furnish them, and you 
will be doing good and adding materially to your 
income. Any number of samples needed for intro- 
ductory purposes will be furnished free, and exclu- 
sive territory given. Write at once. 



Text: But Some Doubted. 

When Christ returned to earth after his 
ion it is recorded that some who saw hi 
doubted. So doubt is nothing new in the Ch ■ 
world. The facts are that doubters are com "'"" 
the church everywhere. It is not meant by""!,'" 
that those who doubt are to be condemned f' 
doubt is a sort of anteroom to the truth s' °' 
times it is in the nature of very strong people'"^ 
have their doubts. In the end these people are^'° 
ally enlightened, as all who seek aright will be"T 
may be a strange statement to many, but it is a 1 ' 


one, that all who earnestly seek find, though it 

not be immediately manifested to 

us. God 

withheld himself from anyone longer than was 
for him. 

Sometimes we have our seasons of fear thai 
may not be accepted of God, and this is only anoih' 
er form of doubt. In fact abetter name for it j 
that of desertion, that is, our desertion of God not 
his of us. The way to get nearer God is throu.fc 
prayer, and then leaving it all to Him, trusting wiii, 
the faith of a child that the answer will come when 
we are most ready to receive it. 

If you had a child by the hand, leading il Ihrourt 
the mazes of a crowded thoroughfare, would you 
desert it? Certainly not, though you might not 
talk much to it at the time. If we would deal win 
one who trusted us so, will not God deal equally 
faithfully with us? Have faith, and with faith have 

Never expect to fully understand all the myster- 
ies of providence. It is out of the question that the 
finite should comprehend the infinite. Is it not ii 
possible? Then work, pray and wait. In due time 
we shall reap, — if we faint not. Remember that,-if j 
we faint not. Courage! There is a light in tlie 
window, and the home-coming will put all thingi 


As far as heard from nothing but words of com- 
mendation have been received at the Inglenook 
office. It appears to have interested both old and 

Fifty cents will bring you a weekly visit of this 
paper to the end of the year. Send for it to-day, if 
you are not already a subscriber. 

A BROTHER eighty years old writes to say he likes 
to read Inglenook. — L. 

I am so well pleased with it I am sorry I will not | 
get last week's issue. — Truman R. Clinc. 

I have read it and like it so well I want to sub- 
scribe. — Effic Warner. 

I want the Inglenook to come to my house for | 
my daughter. I like to read it myself.— l. l 

I like the Inglenook. ^'.y. Wright. 

I think it all right for the young folks and old oii« 
too. — Geo. W. Painter. 

It should be in the home of every family in "< 
Brotherhood.— ;-K T. Pratt. 

May God bless the woxV—Allie Moliler. 

I think I never read so good a paper.— (3«'''' 

I am favorably impressed with its appearance.- 
L. Hershbcrgcr. 

I wish it could find a place in every home i" 
land.— Ceo. A. Philips. 

We think it a very nice pz-pet.—Emmii M'U"- 

I have long been wishing for just such a pap' 
Gertrude E. Row/and. 


Doubtless there are many readers who havf ^ I 
ticed the advertisements of alleged artists wn" P^^ I 
pose teaching the business hy mail, and no' '^^ I 
of our people have sent on the amount calle ^^^^^ 
have given it a trial. Unless you know '''i^P|j,, 
well, and are sure of your people beyond wi ^^^^ 
advertisements say, you are advised to jjjj.| 
severely alone. Otherwise there will he a* ,, 
tion of the old adage about a certain class 
and their money parting company. 

Miss Ruby Lola Underhill, 

of ColoraJ*.; 

to SCI 

■hod '' 

young miss of eleven, while going v.- ' uiiir 
day recently saw a mountain lion lashing ' ^ ^^^ 
der a tree. She was much frightened, a"^ ■^^^^., 
the way to the schoolhouse. A "'""""' jesp'i''| 
something like a panther, and is not to e ^^^^i 
when angered and ready for a fighL ^ \ |',',he''^l 

the daughter of Mrs. Nancy D. Undeih" 
known writer. 

»»• THE » INGLENOOK »»• 

fjethods of ProeeeduPe in 

C^llingsJoP_ t^i^e WoPk. 

ill pai 



u e is any occupation that appeals to the 

If ' ' ji.^ jt; is that of the man whose business 

jidinary ^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^.^^^ ^^ ^^^ railroads, and who 

'^ '° id"for doing so. While it is an occupation 
'"^r'init much that is pleasant, it is also pos- 
"" /ofits unpleasant side. No particular prep- 

*' is needed beyond a good education, good 
'''"°" and ability to stand the strain of travel. 
"'''"'*„ the position is rather difificult, and almost 
"""slble to the outsider without influence among 
"Cfficials who do the appointing. Hundreds of 
"° • are received at every railroad headquarters 
"to? these places, and if there is any attention at 
'] Mid to them they are answered to the effect that 
,e application is placed on file. 

If the application is for the place of traveling 
iissenger agent it should be sent to the Gen- 
al Passenger Agent of the road into the serv- 
te of which it is desired to enter. If in the land or 
jdustrial department, then to the head of that 
luteau, or to the freight, or whatever department is 
mind. Without special fitness for the position, 

without powerful backing, the matter is likely to 
ndwith the application. But if it can be shown 
_iat the employment of the applicant is likely to 
esult in the advantage of the road in the way of 
aking money for it, then the chance is a very 
rood one. Simple as this seems it is not easy to 
onvince the nearest official of the fact. He must 
le very sure of it before he asks the authority for 

additional expenditure. Once granted that the 
.pplicant may be taken on, the next step is to 
sign him territory to cover, ask the General Man- 
iger to requisition annual passes over the roads 
ikely to be used, and he goes on duty. His pay is 
ikely to be about S75 a month and his current e.\- 
lenses at the hotels, which matters he lists month- 

and after auditing, and being found correct, are 
laid by draft. He may finally receive more than 
lonble the S75 he starts in with, but it will only be 
'hen he has shown himself to be specially well 
The work, say of a traveling Passenger Agent, is 

see to the business of the road abroad, to secure 
le sale of tickets of travelers over his line, and to 
[et all the business he can. There are many ways 

finding out what and where this business is, and 
IS his duty to go after it. There is also much 
"'■ng to headquarters about tickets, and if the 
Respondents have a choice of lines other than 

°ne he represents he must go after his party. 

'■ representatives of the rival roads will be on the 
'«A as well, and it is often a matter of muchdiplo- 
'»cy where there is a considerable party at stake. 

'lie work is hard. It is harder than it looks. If 
's»iSce IS in a place like Chicago he is ordered by 
> go to a town and see certain prospective 

'"IS of the road. He goes at once, the first 
„ "'/'"'' ''<= may find a telegram there for him to 

lalle f ^'' ""''"" """ °"'^'" ^y' """^ =" °""' "° 
loff' Tt,"^".""^ first train leaves, day or night, he 
found '^ 'epeated in some form all the year 
tst ™h " '* '''"'"^ '° """^ people. He can 
'"sco'fth ""' '^"' ""^^ '^ "°' "^^ '" ''"^ "'"^ 
««tio f *^°'^''' ^"'^ °" ^^^ sleeper it is only a 
l'>nge"„f°K '!""'''■''' ""P"^" through the night. The 
nd L u , ' ""^ rlifferent and often unpalatable 

"nwholp — ' 


esome food, and the unpleasant side of 
p.ce nn ■ ^°°" sets the uppermost of the desire 
The Chi'' "' ^'""'^ become an old story, 
"lounl t"!"'^ °' promotion will depend on the 

"' businpeo U. ...... ._ !.«.:- :_ 

usiness he can bring in, and IfTiis, in 
'''»' the't""''"^"'' * ^°°'^ '-^^^^ °" his territory, and 
"'tssion " '" " '° ^'^'' While railroading is a 
at, it 5 ' " becoming more and more so every 
''ith a v™' '° '"'^ 'hat there are other fields in 
''"'^ is no°""lf ™^" "" '^° h'"'=r for himself. 
« out of th '^ '^'^ for women in this line. They 


""^ question. 


Goliath, who was slain by the youth 

David. In later days perhaps the most interesting 
book on giants was written by a French scholar 
named Henrion in 1 718. This book asserted that 
Adam, the first man, was 123 feet 9 inches tall, that 
Eve was only five feet shorter. .After Adam man 
began to lose height rapidly. Noah, says M. Hen- 
rion, was about twenty-seven feet tall, and Abra- 
ham measured not more than twenty. Moses 
reached only the poor height of 13 feet, and finally 
man had to be contented with feeble little frames 
from four to six feet in height. 

Many huge human skeletons ha\'e been found, 
according to report. It is said that the skull of 
Chevalier Rincon, whose remains were discovered 
in 1509 at Rouen, held a bushel of wheat. The 
shinbone was four feet long, and others in propor- 
tion. Many other similar skeletons were found, 
one in Sicily that measured 300 feet in length. In 
the present century, however, it has been shown 
that these skeletons were not of humans but of pre- 
historic beasts. 

One of the world's famous giants was Patrick 
Cotter O'Brien, who was born at Kinsdale, in Ire- 
land, in 1761. He was S feet 3 inches tall, and was 
the greatest giant of his day. He died in 1S04. In 
the museum of Trinity college, Dublin, is the skele- 
ton of a giant named Magrath, who was 7 feet 8 
inches high. 

It is an interesting fact that giants as a rule are 
both weak of body and of mind, while dwarfs are 
usually keen-witted and healthy. -A story is told 
that the empress of Austria in the seventeenth cen- 
tury had all the giants and dwarfs of the Germanic 
empire assembled at Vienna. They were quartered 
together, and fear was expressed that the giants 
would terrify the dwarfs. The contrary proved to 
be the case. The dwarfs tormented and robbed the 
giants to the extent that with tears in their eyes 
the giants begged to be protected from them. 

The usual circus and museum giants of to-day 
are rarely over seven feet in height, but they wear 
high-heeled boots and high hats that add a foot or 
more in height to their appearance. 


The first lesson given to a horse of average dis- 
position is that of implicit obedience. The master's 
will must completely dominate that of the horse. 

"Let me show you how I begin," he said. "I 
have a horse in the stable that was sent here yester- 
day and I ha\'e done nothing more than to make a 
casual acquaintance with him. I'll have him 
brought into the school, and unless I am mistaken 
in his disposition I'll make him, within ten minutes, 
follow me about like a dog." 

The "school" is the sawdust-covered inclosure 
where the master gives instruction to would-be 
riders, and into this an attendant led the horse, a 
fine bay, with no harness but a light bridle. The 
master stepped up to the horse, spoke a few gentle 
words to him and put his right hand upon the rein, 
just back of the bit. Standing thus, he was close to 
the horse's head, on the left, with his right shoulder 
just touching the horse's neck. There was design 
in this position, for the master wished the horse not 
to see anything that might happen back there on 
the left side. His object will be understood when 
it is explained that he held in his left hand a small 
riding whip, which extended backward so that the 
lash was near the horse's flank. This little instru- 
ment was to be the means of enforcing obedience, 
but in the gentlest possible way, as may presently 
be seen. 

With the right hand still on the bridle rein, the 
master spoke quietly to the horse and began to lead 
him about, first this way and then that, making all 
sorts of turns, but always keeping his shoulder 
close to the horse's neck. Having led him about, 
the school in this way for a few minutes, the master 
released the rein, but did not stop walking. The 
horse was now free to go in any direction he chose, 
for he knew that the master no longer held the rein, 
and, quite naturally, he soon moved off and away 
from the master's shoulder, for he had never been 
taught to follow without the rein. The instant he 
moved off, however, the lash of the whip leaped up 
and struck him in the flank: at the same moment | 
the master caught hold of the rein again and made 
the horse come back close to his shoulder and fol- 
low as before. 

This happened several times, until the horse 
seemed to understand that the only way to keep 

that sharp sting from his flank was to keep close to 
the master. In less time than the ten minutes sug- 
gested the horse was following the man all around 
the school, and not once did the man have to touch 
him with hand or whip. 

"Now, you see," said the riding-master, " that I 
have taught that horse not only to obey me, but to 
have confidence in me. He knows that he is safe 
from punishment as long as he keeps close to me. 
The punishment is a mere trifle, for the whip lash 
inflicts only a very light sting, but it accomplishes 

my purpose." 

i » 


At Santa Barbara the writer found a singular pet 
owned by a fisherman called Larco. Larco was the 
pilot of a yacht, and several years previous he had 
found a large white pelican entangled in a barbed- 
wire fence in a neighboring village. He carried the 
huge grotesque bird home, and in a short time it 
adapted itself to circumstances and became as 
domesticated as an old hen. Its favorite perch was 
a box upon which it would sit for hours with the 
greatest dignity, occasionally uttering asthmatic 
sighs or rolling its gray, lusterless eyes about in a 
ludicrous manner. Jim, as the bird was named, has 
a strong sense of humor, or something very m.uch 
like it, as he will pretend to be asleep until one 
ventures near, when out shoots the long bill and 
neck, and the mandibles rattle together, startling 
the visitor, who may have thought the bird was 
stuffed. Jim is thoroughly tame, submitting to be- 
ing lugged about the premises by the children, feed- 
ing from their hands and patiently enduring every 

Pelicans are curious and interesting pets. The 
writer once kept several brown pelicans. They 
were found in the tops of mangroves in nests that 
were merely rude bunches of sticks thrown togeth- 
er, and when approached the young birds began a 
series of gaspings and asthmatic sounds. A pair 
were taken, which in a short time were tamed, or 
domesticated — an expensive luxury, as it took 
much of the time of one boy to keep them supplied 
with food. They were particularly fond of large 
fish, and a fish's size or age made little difference to 
them. They would catch a fish thrown at them, 
toss it deftly in the air, always bringing the head 
downward, swallowing it at a gulp. These ludi- 
crous birds were very intelligent, and whenever the 
boat of a fisherman was pushed off they invariably 
hopped down from the perch, and with wings held 
up and bills partly open would beg to be taken, and 
if not permitted they would fly along near the boat 
and wait patiently for their share of the catch. The 
pelicans were victimized by gulls in the most bare- 
faced fashion. When the pelicans began to fish 
for themselves they plunged down headlong into 
the water, with their bills wide open, hoping to in- 
gulf some small fishes. If the latter were caught 
they were held for a moment in the great pouch, 
when the bird would toss them into the right posi- 
tion and swallow. At this moment a gull would 
sometimes alight on the pelican's head or back, 
lean forward and seize the fish, then fly away with a 
victorious " ha-ha." 


O.NCE upon a time school children had not as 
easy a time as some of the American young folk 
whom you and I know. Back in the early part of 
the sixteenth century, for instance, the famous Eng- 
lish school of St. Paul's, then under the general di- 
rection of Dean Colet, used to open at 7 o'clock 
both in winter and summer, and the rules were so 
strict that the schoolboy of to-day would think 
them barbarous. Following are selections from the 
code of rules, put into operation when the school 
was founded: 

"The children shall come unto school at 7 oclock, 
both winter and summer, and tarry there until it: 
and return against i of the clock, and depart at 5. 
In the school, no time in the year, they shall use 
tallow candle in nowise at the cost of their friends. 
Also I will they bring no meat nor drink, nor bot- 
tle, nor use in the school no breakfasts, nor drink- 
ings, in the time of learning, in nowise. I will they 
use no cockfightings, nor riding about of a victory, 
nor disputing at St. Bartholomew, which is but fool- 
ish babbling and loss of time." 

There were to be no holidays granted at desire, 
unless for the king or a bishop. 


»»» XHK » INGLENOOK »»• 





Wherever the rubber tree grows, there it is un- 
healthy. So the natives of Bolivia do not want to 
go into those regions where the rubber is obtained, 
and for this reason the slave trade is as flourishing 
as it was in the United States about seventy years 
ago. A great deal has been published against this 
slavery, but in spite of it all, the horrible traffic is 
still carried on. The law prohibits slavery, but the 
authorities do as they like, bribery and corruption 
hush the matter and the evil is unchecked. 

The Indians are given br.indy, clothes, and money 
and put into a room by the slaveholders until they 
are ready to start on the fatal voyage, for they sel- 
dom return. They generally set out at night, two 
and two linked together with a long chain; men, 
women, and children who were caught and kid- 
napped, form a very mournful procession. Some of 
the most inhuman slave traders are foreigners, the 
French, Spaniards and North Americans are among 
the vilest. 

Down in the swampy woods where the rubber 
tree grows, the slaves soon fall ill of fever and 
open wounds in the legs. They become weak and 
sick from insufficient nourishment, but are com- 
pelled to work. The lash is applied,— fiopeless, de- 
spairing, they look for death as a merciful release 
from their suffering. 

There are about twenty thousand slaves now liv- 
ing under such awful conditions. Some civilized 
nation should interfere and oblige these slave trad- 
ers to find another occupation. And then that 
country needs to know the love of God. Teachers 
are needed who will live among these people and 
lead them to see the light of the world. We pray 
that the Lord of the harvest may send forth labor- 
ers into this neglected field. 


Ui' to the beginning of the present century nearly 
all diamonds came from India. Then great numbers 
were found in Brazil, but not until after the discov- 
ery of diamonds in South Africa, in 1867, where the 
stones were found in vast quantities. That year a 
Dutch farmer, who lived near what are now known 
as the great diamond fields, got from a native a 
bright stone that his children were using as a play- 
thing. The stone was sent to Cape Town and was 
there recognized as a diamond of exceptional value. 
It was forwarded to the Paris exposition and there 
sold for 52,500. From that time on the diamond fe- 
ver has swept through South Africa. Two years 
later a beautiful stone was found which weighed 
eighty-three carats. It was called the "Star of 
South Africa " and sold for 856,000. Up to this time 
the diamonds had been found in the sand near the 
Orange and Vaal ri\ers. In 1S70, however, it was 
suddenly reported that great pockets of hard earth, 
filled with diamonds, had been found on a plateau, 
north of the Orange river. The diamond-hunters 
flocked to the new fields, and found that in that re- 
gion of the plateau under its layer of red sand 
were great " pipes " or tunnels through which at some 
ancient time boiling laxa flowed from the heart of 
the earth. These pipes were filled with a hard and 
bluish deposit (called "blue grounii"} that evidently 
had been forced to the surface by volcanic action 
and from a great depth. In other words, these pipes 
were craters of distinct volcanoes. 

The vast diamond pits at Kimberly arc in the larg- 
est and most valuable of the craters. The larger of 
these pits is probably the greatest hole ever dug by 
man. It is 500 feet deep and has an area of thirteen 
acres. Numbers of diagonal shafts lead from the 
surface to the bottom of this pit, and up and down 
these shafts tram-carts are continually passing. 

The business of these carts is to carry the blue 
ground up to the "floors," where it is dumped and 
left to soften in the sun and rain, for the blue 
ground is almost as hard as sandstone when taken 
out. Hy the combined effect of water and sunlight 
it gradually softens. 

The floors are nothing more than great tracts of 
land that have been cleared of vegetation and have 
then been rolled to make them as hard and smooth 
as possible. Each of these floors is 600 acres in ex- 
tent. After one of them has been covered to a depth 

of- a foot with blue ground, which has lain long 
enough to be fairly soft, natives with harrows are 
set to work breaking up the soil. 

After a period of three to six months the blue 
ground is soft enough to be ready for "washing." 
Then it is carted to a very intricate washing ma- 
chine, where it is tumbled around in running water 
until nothing is left but crusty little chunks and peb- 
bles. In the crusty chunks are the diamonds. 
These are passed through sieves that separate them 
into four sizes. 

Next the crusty fragments are passed to the 
" assorters," and piled on tables, where white men as- 
sort them, taking the diamonds from among the other 
mineral formations. The assorters work with trowel- 
like instruments, and are so expert that they at a 
glance can pick out a chunk of earth that holds a 
diamond. What remains after the white assorters 
have picked out the diamonds is turned over to na- 
tive assorters, who go through the mass again in 
search of diamonds that the first assorters may have 

At the end of each day the diamonds thus assort- 
ed are taken to the general ofiice under an armed 
escort, and are given to experts in charge of the 
diamond department. The diamonds are then 
boiled in a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acids to 
dissolve the crust that has formed around them. 
This process leaves the diamonds in the rough, lus- 
terful, but looking like dingy crystals of various 
colors. The experts then again assort the dia- 
monds, with respect to color, clearness, flawlessness 
and size. 

Now the diamonds have become gems that may 
be exposed for sale, so they are taken into the 
salesroom and spread out on sheets of white paper, 
heaps and heaps of them, of all sizes, colors and 
shapes. The diamonds are all carefully valued ac- 
cording to weight and purity and are sold. Next 
they go to the diamond cutters, who work on them 
for days and days, cutting various sides on them 
and polishing them until they look like stars. In 
this cutting process it often happens that a dia- 
mond will be reduced to half its original weight. 

In the diamond mines proper all possible precau- 
tions are taken to keep the workmen from stealing 
the gems. The laborers are constantly watched by 
trustworthy overseers, and at night they are stripped 
and their clothes and bodies searched. Then they 
are sent naked to their sleeping rooms, where blan- 
kets are allowed them. Of course this applies to 
the natives, as the only white men employed in 
handling the blue ground are in the assorting room. 
It is an interesting fact that all of the machinery 
is of American make, and is run entirely by Ameri- 
can engineers. 

It is said that some fifteen tons of precious stones 
have been taken from the Kimberley district since 
1870. In conducting the business at the Kimberley 
mine 1,300 Europeans and 5,700 natives are em- 
ployed. The workmen are paid high wages and ev- 
ery laborer on the " floors " is paid a percentage on 
all the diamonds he finds while harrowing the blue 

Diamond cutting and polishing is a very difficult 
process, which is done almost entirely by hand. 
The stones are polished by rubbing two, each on 
the other, or by rubbing them with a polishing wheel 
that is covered with diamond powder; it is a case of 
"diamond cut diamond." When it is necessary to 
cut a valuable piece from a stone iron wires covered 
with diamond powder are used. The facets, or dif- 
ferent sides, are formed by this rubbing process, 
which is a very slow and laborious one. A stone 
weighing, say twenty carats, will require at least 
four or five months of constant work to reduce it to 
the proper form. A diamond about the size of a 
small pea will weigh over a carat. 

home and remained. As the years pass 
baby whale proceeded to grow and to wax f ^ "" 
become tame, for the planter fed it occ " '"' 
with a bushel or so of chopped meat M "^"^ 
whale is seventy feet long and is the curio* "' 
the island. When a trader's boat slips into th"* " 
bor the planter gives the officers and crew ^l" 
quet under the palms and then takes themi 
the pet whale. At such times a barrel of ch ^"' 
meat is rolled down to the waterside and the ^]^' 
er stands on the shore and blows a horn Al "' 
instantly the water will begin to churn in th I '^' 
tion of the planter and the huge whale win '' 
nose into the sand in its effort to get to the K " 
of meat in haste. After having eaten the m '' 
creature leaps and rolls about gleefully, often 
ing its body nearly out of the water. ' 


What ought to be a real United States Howerrc 
cently has been found at the isthmus of Tehuanr 
pec, for it is red, white or blue, according to H, 
time you observe it. In the morning it glons 
white as one of our own snow blossoms. When H, 
noon hour is marked by the north and south shadoii. 
this strange blossom turns to deep red in color V 
night it seems to ape the color of the wondeilo 
southern skies and becomes blue. This leniaikabk 
blossom grows on a shrub which closely resembit 
the guava tree. At noon it gives out a delicate 
odor that disappears as the night approaches ui 
which does not return until the next midday. 

Down in Lawrence County, Illinois, there aic 
acres and acres of good farm land that every sum 
mer are given up entirely to sunflowers. When ttt 
new wheat is getting strong in the fields of olhei 
parts of the country, the fields of Lawrence vallcv 
are dotted with little, tree-like plants that groii 
with astonishing rapidity and finally burst into bio: 
som, turning great purple-brown disks fringed wii'ii 
golden petals to the sun. These sunflowers ni.iki 
a wonderfully pretty picture when one gets up 01 
a high |j|ace and look's over the top of alicldol 
them. Every blessed flower faces the south, or i^ 
near to it as possible, and many a moon-faced and 
heavy sunflower may be seen trying to push its Id- 
lows along in order that it may look at the sun, Ir 
the fall, when the seeds begin to ripen, thous.ind: 
of American goldfinches camp in the suntac 
fields — for the seeds are favorites with them-wc 
you may see them bobbing their brilliant black aic 
golden bodies from disk to disk of the flowers ani 
making their peculiar chuckling call as they Iv 
But the sunflowers are not cultivated for the btn 
efit of the goldfinches. They form a valuable fan 
product of Lawrence County. Lawrence vallf)' 
said to be the great sunflower-seed m.-irket of il« 
world. Since the first clever farmer raised a cio| 
and sold it at nine cents a pound, sunfIower-»- 
raising has become an industry among the loa 
farmers. The cost of raising, thrashing and prrp"' 
ing for the market an acre crop of sunflower set 1- 
much less than the cost of raising an ■''"'= "'"^ 
or wheat, and the crop is less disturbed by drou? 


Brobablv the only man in the world who has a 
pet whale lives on a small island in the South Paci- 
fic. He is a planter and is the only white inhab- 
itant of his island. He has many brow-n-skinned 
assistants who cut and dry the cocoanut rinds that 
he sells to trading vessels. The planter makes 
plenty of money in his peculiar trade, but he used 
to be worried to provide entertainment for the vis- 
itors who bought his product. One stormy day, 
however, a small whale floated through the narrow- 
entrance to the harbor, which is walled in by a coral 
reef. The whale appeared satisfied w-ith its new 

bird's sojou'"'- 

the summer land of its choice seems to be th' " 
accomplished, the thnug*' 

The sole business of a migratory I 
of its 

ing of a family. 11,1a »^...-...r ^^^^ 

of the birds seem to turn immedrately to i" -^^^^^ 
—to the warm, fruitful, indolent latitudes, 1 
harsh winds and chilling rains, and f.^duiR 

, |(3l« 

larsn w-mas ana cniiiiug 1,11113, " , , ^^^ 

never benumb bright spirits. Then conju„ ^ 
break, fathers forsake mothers and ""^P'"'^'^^ 
the latter follow as fast as strength permits- 

after wave sw-eeps 

down to Ui 


I breejes- 

again, as wave 

Canada, as if on the wings of autumna. ^^^^^^ 
noticeable that old males are lc-i'''"S ''"^^^. „,1 
each species, and that only later— somctm 
later— come females and young. I ■''"' 

make this matter of the succession of ^S^^^^f^ 
because of its notable significance '" '^ ^'.„, '' 
How do birds find their way? The oW a| - 
short and easy. Instinct tells them. 

.. „ bird is b°"' ; 

of a road he has _ne>^^- 

if it means anything, that 
intuitive knowledge 

perhaps crossing an ocean. 



routes are rarely straight lines 'i<^'^"\\ni !■ 


which the httle creatures huk""- r >■ but ■' 
mysterious "sense of polar direction. .^., 

lor .1 '■■' 

ally somewhat roundabout, ofte 
sometimes squarely east and wes 
of the course, 

»»» THB » INGLENOOK » » » 

^The o Cipcle ooo 

.--- "^ . , Bulsar. India. President; John R.Snyder. Belle- 

'rwritw'-"'^ ! Fiesideni: Oll.o Wenget. Nonh Manche.ler. Ind.. 
,„, Ohio. .Acting Kosenberger. Covington. Ohio. Secrelaty and 

., jicsKS.-" -. President; Utlio wengei. i.imiii i.iaiiLucsit 

M" °''°' ^'"li.iieD Kosenberget. Covington. Ohio. Secretary and 

p,.<ideiit; Mrs. t-' ^„^n,uoication3 to Our Missionary R 
cr-i^' address all """" 


u-wo are these little folk crowding about 

And cumbering all over our knees? 
They a« a family of which I will tell - 

The family of Little To-Be's. 
These are our soldiers and sailors to come. 

Our generals and presidents, loo, 
n r lawyers and doctors and merchants and priests 

And our patriots, all good and true. 
Some little fellow that is bitbbling o'er, 

Full of mischief and rollicking fun, 
Will some of these days be a dignified judge. 

And we trust an ec|uitable one. 
This little rogue with the tangle of curls. 

And the slyest of all the gay lot, 
Will possibly grow a general to be. 

Or a president, likely as not. 
Thus all of our business, affairs of state, 
• And our commerce on land and the seas. 
In a very few years will be carried on 

By this family of Little To-Be's. 

— Arthur J. Biirdick. 



This morning on our return from work among a 
tcoupof famine people who have left their homes 
nJ are stopping on the banks of a tank near here, 
found some very precious letters awaiting me. 
iVe have commenced work in our new station. It 
'as pleasant to work with our brethren at Bulsar, 
itit workers are/i'iy and cannot remain close togeth- 

But oh, the great work! So many thousands 
ho need to be taught the true way. There is so 

:!i of sin and darkness, and now is added the stif- 
;riiig from famine. 

1 wish you could see for yourselves and know 
lOre fully what we as a Christian nation enjoy, and 
hat privileges are ours, when we compare oui'- 
elvcs with these poor heathen. How can we praise 
le Lord enough, that we have the light of the 
lessed Gospel, not only a knowledge of it, but for 
he blessed experience that comes to the children 
if God. The population of this place is about ten 
housand besides one hundred and twenty other 
owns and villages in this taluka (county.) I am 
lie only Madam sahib. 1 have not seen a white- 
red lady at Navsari, excepting a week or so after- 
'atds when we spent a day in Broarh and there saw 
lew at the station. So while we have thousands 
bout us, yet in a sense we are isolated. We do so 
inch need the many prayers offered for us by you 
God is our ever-present help, "the shadow of a 
I'Sbiy rock within a weary land." We will not 
*« of sacrifice, because it were better to s.ay 

•"liege, when we think of Jesus' love for us 
flai. r:.,j LI . . -' 

lay God bless 

and keep you all. in the dear home- 

^^ RAILROAD conductor once went with a large 
■n cit"*' "'"^""ductors on an excursion to a South- 
^acliv^'i "^ arrived on Saturday night. An at- 

it mo', ■ ''"'' '"^''" planned for the next day. In 
ig „/"'"^ "'" gentleman was observed to be tak- 
fciid Tl l"''^" "stial care vvith his attire, and a 
Sloth " him, "Of course you are going with 
"le excursion?" 

tati!'„''V!'''''^''' qtiietly, "I am going to church; 
;^'^^^y habit on Sunday." 
Soon CO ''""''°"'='' received the same reply. 
^«iission"("lf"' °" '' '"^San to pass around, and 
'was a" '"'''«'' When he set out for church, 
born his ""'P^""^'' by one hundred and fifty men, 
'cursion ,"*"'?' '^'^3™Ple had turned from a Sundav 
^ """'"'h'^ place of worship. 

'• also."''™^' "y^' "The strength of the hills is 
""i!! and ^ °^ Palestine are rugged and 

" The h°il''"''' '""" ""^ '^^'■'^ 6'''='=" °' ""^ '^'=- 

"'"rnnal^ bel* °' ""^'"^ England Ire clothed with 
"aihed of "^^m ^' ^^^^ '^^ "'^ Psalmist never 
** *"<' the 1 °"' '^''° '•^^ "<=^''-"'' s<^<=" 'I'e ■""" 
L^^iiinde ""^ ""'' "''' sumach in autumnal ar- 
r'"'"iant"'i'"'' "'^ ^'"'■y °' ^'<=™ England hills. 
1 "dolors are those of a skillful artist. 

iSfaa Sunday a School As. 


{Ltssoit for May ij, tQoo) 

CoLDliX Text.— Thy faith hath saved thee.— Luke 7; 50. 

In this lesson we have another insight into the 
character of our Lord and Master. It is clear that 
Christ did not discourage hospitality, either in the 
giving or receiving, for having had an invitation to 
the house of the Pharisee he accepted it and dined 
with him. It was an unusual thing that such an 
invitation should be extended at all, and the reason 
is that of all the sects and divisions of the Jews the 
Pharisees came in for the strongest condemnation 
at the hands of our Lord. They were of the strict- 
est sect, those who believed in the external observ- 
ance of all the many rules of the Jewish religion, 
and they were self-satisfied and righteous in their 
own belief. Standing out so strong for the form 
without the substance they were being continually 
condemned by Christ, and it is a wonder that he 
received the invitation that he did. There may 
have been some sinister motive back of it all, some 
trap into which, it was hoped that Jesus would fall. 

It so happened that there came a woman of the 
city, one of perhaps bad character, and she had 
with her a box of precious ointment, a perfume, and 
she used it in her devotion by anointing the feet of 
the Lord. Probably, perhaps doubtless, she knew 
of the kindness of the dear Lord to such of her 
class, and she wished to show him that she appre- 
ciated his kindness toward the fallen. At least she 
is said to have wept when she performed the menial 
service, and it was of such a character as to be 
noticed by all present. None of those present 
seemed to know that it was for just such people 
that Christ came on earth, — those who had sinned 
more or less, and none ever sinned so badly that 
they might not approach him in the spirit of the 
contrite. None are ever turned away if they ap- 
proach in faith. That seems to be the keynote of 
success in the application of those troubled in heart 
or body, — they must believe that what they are do- 
ing will prove efficacious. They must not believe 
that they believe, but it must be a fact, in and of 
itself. This is not difficult when we remember the 
many answers to the prayer of faith. The trouble 
is that we forget so readily. We forget the favors 
of the past in the exigencies of the present, and 
thus it comes that if we are not immediately made 
the recipient of the favors we ask we are disposed 
to doubt. This is the fatal part. It is also logical 
that it should be so, for if we ask a thing of an 
earthly benefactor, doubting his ability or his integ- 
rity of promise, it is not reasonable that other than 
failure should follow. 

There is another feature in the lesson that should 
not be forgotten, and that is Christ made no dis- 
tinction between people, took no account of caste. 
Wherever there was good to be done, where the 
recipient was worthy, that is, where faith tvas pres- 
ent, all else counted for nothing. The blessing fol- 
lowed, whether to the blind young man begging, 
the Roman Centurion, or the abandoned woman. 
It is a very difficult thing for us to rid ourselves of 
the idea of personal superiority to those whose lot 
is cast along different lines from our own. In the 
economy of the kingdom of God there are no young 
or old, no high or low, no superior or inferior class- 
es. He deals alike justly with all, totally inilepend- 
ent of the temporary differences born of environ- 
ment or personal caprice. 

No one in trouble or needing help should fail to 
ask the Master. Asking in faith the answer will be 
had, if such be for our good. When we have failed, 
as fail we will sometimes, the reason is in one of 
two things, — our own lack of faith or that the cov- 
eted blessing is not for our good. 

The teacher who goes before his class without 
preparation makes a great mistake. The lesson 
should be thoroughly mastered before the class as- 
sembles. ^ 

So build that none 
stroy your work. 

of life's storms can ever de- 

Fop * the * Wee * Folk 


Eaklv impressions last the longest, 
be good ones. 

Let them 

Three hundred years ago the great Elizabeth 
was Queen of England— the splendid enterprising 
Elizabeth, who sent her captains and her ships all 
over the world, and built up England as no king be- 
fore her had done. When this great English queen, 
in jeweled stomacher and spreading petticoats and 
stiff lace ruff, was growing old and gray-haired, a 
little English baby was born who is very interesting 
to all ICnglish-speaking children. It was in 1587. 
This little baby is remembered because she was the 
first baby born in the queen's new land across the 
Atlantic, on the coast of the red Indian's land— and 
because of her strange story. 

It was long, long ago. Columbus had discovered 
America only a century earlier, and it was a third 
of a century before the Pilgrims landed on Plym- 
outh Rock. The Spaniards, following Columbus, 
had settled in the south, in Florida and Mexico, 
but the English had no settlement at all on the 
mainland of America. 

But Englishmen had roused up, and were looking 
across the Atlantic, and planning to get their share 
of the New World. The leader of these men was 
Sir Walter Raleigh. He was the same Raleigh who 
spread his new velvet cloak in the mud for Queen 
Elizabeth to walk over — and he was high in her 
favor ever after. 

Raleigh had fitted out many ships and men to go 
to the new land— so many that he was called " The 
Shepherd of the Sea." Raleigh's first colonies did 
not succeed, and in the spring of 15S7 he fitted out 
another, of over a hundred men and women and 
ten children — the first English children to come to 
the New World. These people sailed in charge of 
Governor John White, who was to found a city in 
the new land and name it Raleigh. 

We may be sure the eyes of the ten tlnglish chil- 
dren opened wide at all the wonders of the New 
World — the cedars and cypress, sassafras and 
palms, the many strange flowers, and birds, and 
beasts and above all at the little red children of the 
Indians. No doubt the little red children thought 
the ten little pale-faces quite as strange. 

And soon after the landing there was another 
little pale-face for them to wonder at^"poor Baby 
Dare " herself! For among the colonists was Gov- 
ernor White's daughter Eleanor, and her husband 
Ananias Dare; and about a month after they 
reached Roanoke, on August 18, 1587, little Baby 
Dare was born. And though, as I have said, thou- 
sands of English babies born that year have been 
forgotten. Baby Dare wi.ll never be forgotten, be- 
cause she was the first English baby born in all 

In the little log chapel, which the settlers had 
built, the colonists gathered one bright day soon 
after, for the christening of the little new-comer. 
The font was the family's silver water-ewer, and the 
sponsor was the baby's grandfather. Governor 
White himself. Baby Dare was christened Virginia, 
after the queen's new land where she was born. 

Now comes the strange part of little Virginia 
Dare's story, and the sad part that makes us think 
of her as "poor Baby Dare." 

The colonists soon found they would need many 
supplies from England, and, only nine days after 
Baby Dare was born, her grandfather, Governor 
White, kissed her good-bye, and sailed back to 
England in the one ship the colony had. 

At best it would have been half a year before he 
could return; but it was three years instead of six 
months when Governor White sailed back to Roa- 
noke. It was sunset when they came to land. 

The cabins were standing, but deserted. The 
paths were grassed over, vines grew across the 
doors, and wild deer were feeding on the ripe mel- 
ons and cucumbers in the gardens. Shouts and 
trumpet-notes brought no replies. Governor White 
and his men searched everywhere. They found 
books torn from their covers, bars of iron, old maps, 
and a suit of rusted armor; and in the cabin of the 
Dares Governor White found little Virginia's cra- 
dle, and on the floor beside it lay one tin)' shoe. 
That was all. The hundred and six men and wom- 
en, the ten children, and little Baby Dare, had all 
vanished — and through the three hundred years 
since no trace of them has ever been found. — Lifth- 


• ^» XME 9 INGLEIVOOK » • * 


A BRIGHT boy was at the store when a stranger 
who was waiting for the stage to arrive, bringing 
the daily mail to the post office, which was at the 
store, as so many country offices are, began asking 
the boy something about our people. 

"How many are there of you in the United 

"There is no way of telling accurately, but there 
are about 85.000 altogether." 

'• How are they distributed? " said the man, "Are 
they spread out over the whole country? " 

"No, they lie mostly in aline drawn westward 
from Philadelphia, and in the States such a line 
would cross." 

"Then there are none in New England, up in 
Maine, and those far Eastern States?" 

"No," said the boy. "There is no organized 
church in any State north of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania. There may be a member or so here and 
there, but they are far from any organized church." 

"Are there any in the South?" 

"Yes, there are a good many in the Valley of 
Virginia, a few in North Carolina, and some in 
Florida, but the farther South one goes the fewer 
there are." 

"What is the reason of this?" 

"Well, the best reason is that most of our people 
are agricultural in their occupation, and in moving 
they would naturally follow the tide of emigration. 
This is not, and never has been in the direction of 
New England, and so there are none of us to be 
found there. Onlyof recent years has there been 
any movement South, and there are only a few 
small churches in Alabama, some members in Tex- 
as, and in Louisiana, and in fact the church in the 
South is small in numbers." 

"Where is the church the strongest in numbers?" 

"In Pennsylvania and in Indiana, and there are 
almost as many in Indiana as there are in Penn- 
sylvania. In Pennsylvania they are found almost 
exclusively in the southern half of the State, the 
reason for this being in the fact that early emigra- 
tion sought the most fertile sections, and the south- 
ern half is better land than the northern half. It is 
not accidental, but the natural result of seeking the 
most favored sections for home-making. And then 
the natural accretion of members made these sec- 
tions stronger than others." 

"I sec," said the man. "And how about the far 
west? " 

"The same rule holds good there. As there was 
an o\ erflow westward it sought the most fertile sec- 
tions, and in Illinois, and Iowa, and wherever there 
is the best land, there the Brethren are to be found, 
if at all. They are found in Kansas, east and west, 
and then there is a jump to Denver, and from there 
to the Northwest and the Pacific coast, always in 
the direction of the land suited best for farming 
purposes. The reason being, as before stated that 
our people are farmers, as a rule. There is also 
quite an addition of churches in recent years in 
North Dakota." 

" Are there any in other countries? " 

"Yes, there are missions and small churches in 
Canada, India, Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, 
Asia Minor and I'"rance, though they are compara- 
tively few in nu-mbers." 

"Then there are no city churches?" 
"Oh yes," said the boy, "Then- are churches in 
Philadelphia, Haiti more, Washington, Harrisburg, 
Chicago, Kansas City, Denver, and a great many 
other smaller places. I^ut as a rule the largest 
churches are found in the country." 

" Is the church growing in numbers?" . 
"Yes, it is spreading out in almost every direc- 
tion, and the growth is in a greater ratio than tliat 
of the general population of the country, shcnving 
that there is a continual accession from the out- 

"Then I am to understand that most of the 
Brethren live in the country, and that they are 
found in the States crossed by a line drawn through 

Philadelphia westward?" 

"That's right," said our boy. "and the farther 

North or South of that line that you get the fartlicr 

apart the churches and members arc as a general 


Here the lumbering old stage coach came along, 

and the man thanked the boy and gave him his 

card. The boy gave him a copy of The Inclenook 

that he happened to have in his pocket, and now 

every young reader may know a little more about 
the geography of the church than he did before. 
Which was in mind all along to do. 


All of our months were named by the Romans a 
great many years ago. One of the months looks 
back on the old year and it looks ahead to the 
young or new year, so it was named for a god whom 
the Romans worshiped. He was represented as 
having two faces, looking in opposite directions. 
One of his faces was old and the other one was 
young. His name was Janus. Can you guess 
which month was named for him? Another month 
was named for the god of war. What was his name 
and which month was named for him? May was 
named for Maia. a goddess w^ho was the mother of 
the god of Mercury, and June was named for Jupi- 
ter's wife, Juno. 

Have you ever noticed that while most months 
alternate with thirt;- and thirty-one days, July and 
August come together with thirty-one days? That 
is because these months were named for the two 
emperors, Julius and Augustus Caesar. It would 
not have done to give one a longer month than the 
other received, so both months were given thirty- 
one days. 

In early times the Romans had only ten months, 
with names that" meant first month, second month, 
and so on. Four of those names are used now, for 
instance: December really, means "tenth month," 
although it is now the twelfth month. Can you 
find the other three? A man named Numa added 
the two months of January and February, shorten- 
ing the others in order to do so. 

It is said that February is a name taken from a 
Latin word that means to purify, because during 
that month they held what they called the feast of 
purification, and that April is from a word that 
means to open, because at that season the buds be- 
gin to open. ^ 


One of the most pleasant features of the drive 
through the Yellowstone National Park is the ap- 
parent intimacy between man and the animal and 
bird life in the park. Thanks to the wise and 
stringent regulations, no shooting is allowed within 
its boundaries. 

"The result," says an English tourist, "is posi- 
tively charming. Hundreds of little chipmunks, 
with their gaudy striped backs, scampered impu- 
dently about or peered at the passing coach from 
the roadside. The squirrel did not bolt for the 
nearest tree, but nodded a welcome. All bird life 
treated us likewise. Even the lordly eagle hovered 
near, and the wild turkey stalked unconcernedly 
through the rank grass. We perceived a doe and 
fawn grazing by the road. Not until we were with- 
in a few feet did they seek the shelter of the woods, 
yet not to fly. They simply moved aside. Here at 
least mankind was regarded as a friend — one who 
could be trusted. The only animal who ran away 
was a brown bear. He turned tail at the sight of a 
coaching party, yet it was quite a common thing 
for bears to approach close to the hotels at evening 
to feed on the refuse thrown out. It was an after- 
dinner relaxation for the guests to watch them feed- 
ing. They munched and disputed the choicest 
morsel, for the most part indifferent to the compa- 
ny. Only when we became inquisitive and ap- 
proached too near did they retire; and these ani- 
mals were perfectly free and unfettered in their 
movements. It may read like a fairy tale, but it is 
solid fact." 


The sea of matrimony swamps manj- a courtship. 

Colds are not exactly contagious, but they are 

The maker of alarm clocks certainly does a rous- 
ing business. 

The teeth of time must be those a dentist s'-o- 
plies on credit. 6r 

If a man has sufficient brass in his '■■;,^»'^^*1 _ is 
capable of polish. ^^^,^^^0* 

Some people have faith ir ■^SP'-^e-^ers — and the 
favorite is number one. 

It's the old, old story; nothing succeeds like the 
failure of the peach crop. 

Rdveptising Column 

"'■"'"°»« bC 

The Inglenook reaches (ar and wide among a classoT — ~~~-- 

mainly agricuUuTaJ. and nearly all well-to-do. It affords an 'P*>t 

of reaching a cash purchasiug constituency. Advetliscm "*''''*'*^ *t»s, 
proved by the management will be inserted al the iinilorm'"' "**' *"*> 
inch, cash with the order, and no discount whatever lorcont! '*'*°'*'«^ 
*i.oo per inch, first and each succeeding lime. The lNr>LEii'*''*''.'''^^ji 
organ of the church carrying advertisements. ' °'*'' '*"" 

All Our 
Foixils are 


We have the best strains of 
poultry going. You'll hear 
something of interest, if you only keep half a dozen chi 
Wc Sell Hggs foP Hatehing. 
All our fowls are prize winners. Send a stamp with 
inquiry and we'll tell you something new about the poT' 
business. ' 

The Buffalo Valley Poultry Farm 

Lewisburg, Pa. 
Mention you saw this advertisement in Inglenook. 

IvlJll VVlIlO >»'"=""'=y"'' "ill have less «,„, 

and we pay the Ireight, Address: 

A, B. CULP & CO,, Eureka 111, 

Caps and Bonnets 

...MADE AT... 

Reasonable Prices. 

Goods furnished that will please. Write for circular ei- 
plaining how to order. Address: 

Miss Mary Rover, 

Mt. Morris, III. 
Mention you saw this advertisement in Inglenook. 

If Voa QPe Going to 

Build Fence... 

This spring, do not fail to drop a card to the adiir;;! 
below, asking for descriptive circulars of one of the best 
smooth-wire fences offered the public. 

Chain-Stay pence Co., 

Stepling, 111. 

Meallon you saw this advertisement in Inglenook. 

J. J. Ellis & Co., 

(Members ol Baltimore Commissioo 
and Flour Excliauge) 

Commission Merchants, 

...FOK THE SALE i<F... 

Grain, Hay, Seeds and 
Country Produce. 

We solicit 

Your Business. 

305 S. Charksjt.^^^ ^^^ 

Mention you saw tliis advertisement in Inglenook 


We furnish all Kinds of Cap Goods at 

Very Low Prices. 

We SentJ Goods by Mail to all Harts o 

States. Send for Samples Free to 


Elgin, III. 

f the Uiil^ 

The Inglenook. 

The fleui, High-elass Uitspary 
of the BpothePhood. 


Issued weekly. The price is Sl,a> a year, l>ul we 


cr of these lines lor tlio rest of this year ou the reccir' 

t ol niiv " 

It Is a youth's paper that will be read by older P*^'*'''*'^^,o,t.]i 
will contain specially prepared articles on topics « ^^^ ^^|, 
The best talent o( the church will be represcuted in 

It (ronitlnicW' 

brightest writers in the world will be (ooiid m it I 


Timely articles on Nature and History w ^^ . 

Vour boy wants the paper, your girl wants H. vo" ^^^ ^^p^r : 
chance lor you to brighten some young life by sending ^^^.^ ^^^.^, 
It's the best use (or your fifty cents we cno t'""'' ^ ■ .^y, t>.i' 
You willwanta complete file and we can't agree '^^ " j^ues '^ 
Send lor TuE Inglem;ok u.-day and you'll gd »" '^' 

Brethren Publishing ^^,,;jy ' 

(For Inglenook.) 


What of the day, my brother? 

What of the day of peace? 

When the dripping sword turns the green sward 

And the dull, dread noises cease— 

The clarion call of bugles, 

The shriek of the angry shell— 

What of ihe light that shall pierce the night 

Of battle— is it well? 

What of the dead, my brother? 

What of the dead and dumb? 

Who shall pay at the Judgment day 

When the Messenger shall come. 

Come in the light and glory, 

Come in the fire and flame, 

Whose the slain of the blood and pain, 

My brother — whose the blame? 

What of the grief, my brother, 

What of the grief and woe? 

What of the tears shed o'er these biers 

Thi-se stricken hearts brought low? 

Low ill the day of terror, 

Low ill the night of gloom, 

Whiise the weight of this curse of Hate? 

Whdse the pain of Doom? 

What of the blood, my brother? 
What of the blood that flows 
In a Crimson stream where the lances gleam 
And the bugle blows and blows? 
Whcise the souls that shudder, 
Jiliydiier and start and cry, 
When the battles" cost by God eflgrosset' 
In UUhkI on the brazen sky? ■"^, 
Hasten the day, my brother, 
Hasten the day of peace, 
When men not slain for greed of gain 
And the dull, dread noises cease! 
When shell shall shriek no longer. 
When Hatred slink away, 
The hreath of God the blood-stained 9od 
Make clean— and Peace shall stay! 


1"^ ^vriter of this article once lived in the Ti'op- 

"' ■'' 'Considerable time, and he confesses to hav- 

g secretly wished that there might be an earth- 

J no r^ '"' P'^'"^"*^^- That wish was gratified. 

"^v that It is over, and the experience has been 

'■^11 he has to 

sa)' is that he doesn't want any 


^^ «rthqual<e5. There is nol the semblance of 
lanish"" '' '" '" "''"''"''"-.'• as it is called in 

'finidf °' " '"' "''*■ Tog'-'ther with a number 
onconT r*"^ ^'"'"^ '" "^'^ courtyard or patio 
fttrsatio n'""^ ''°'''^' '""' "'='■'' <^"Saged in 
'alk T I "'"^ '^"""'^ '^^''^'' remember what 
at I "' ^''°"'- My personal experience was 
"cli 1 w '"■"'. '° '^" ''^■'='' '•'^ad. The chair in 
"""li and^l fT'"^ '^"""^ forwSird and circled 
"^"'l up and ^^ 'hough the end had come. I 
' heavinj, ri.''^*'' ""^ massive stone walls around 
'""luake •' "^ T^'^^ "' ^^^- ^"""^ """^ shouted 
' '"'• EvL-r k"'Ii '" *" '"^'ant I knew just what 
"■ One I ° '^ started to run, and I ran with 

"' "^ anoth^'^'^ '" " ''""^ '"^'^ "''" '^ •■'''°"' ^^ 
*>''al,es D '''' ^"'' °"'y "^'^ '"stinct of getting 
'""^ "'"e is f" "°" °' °ne. The writer does not 
'^""hquake "^ P*^"°" ''^'ng who can go through 
'"''•I earth ^^' ^^"' " '^ "° unusual to feel 

'"'atV, that !h""^ ^"''^ ""'*''■ """^^ ^° ""' °' ""-' 
""""wise tl, "", ^^"^at'on is never a pleasant or 

thrown themselves down, men were running and 
swearing, women were screaming, and the whole 
economy of things was upset. Everything in and 
on the earth was in dire confusion. In the distance 
could be heard the heavy "slab" of falling walls, 
and the awful noises of miles and miles of solid 
rock breaking under our feet added to the alarming 
situation. A short distance away I saw the earth 
open in a huge crack out of which a pale blue flame 
arose, and then the crevice slowly closed up again. 
I came across a man on his knees and he called on 
me to get down. I answered that it wouldn't help 
matters, and he replied by asking me to take my 
hat off, which I did before I thought. A man who 
has been through a good-sized earthquake will be 
very sure to take off his hat at the mention of one, 
metaphorically speaking. The telegraph poles 
were lashing the glass out of the second stories of 
the houses, and there was a dread feeling, impossi- 
ble to describe. It is frightful, awful. Nobody 
knows how soon the earth will open up under foot 
and swallow everything near. Presently everything 
is quiet for a moment, and then the thing comes 
back in an opposite direction somewhat less violent 
than before, and it is soon over for that time. 

As far as the writer is concerned there are several 
(decidedly prominent sensations. The first is one of 
deathly sicjiness immediately before the shake, and 
,<he ne.xt is that of Iright, -vhile the after-effect is a 
^spell of nervous trouble of longer or shorter dura- 
tion, dependent on the make-up of the individual. 
It was reported that 80,000 people in the city were 
sick as an after-effect. It is thought by some that 
they felt it coming, but there is nothing to verify 
that idea. The earthquake comes in an instant, 
without a note of discernible warning, and every- 
thing in Nature is thoroughly upset, There were 
not many people killed as a result of this shake, 
one hundred and eighteen, the writer heard, but 
many buildings were cracked and walls thrown 

People in an earthquake country build their 
houses accordingly, and the walls are either of 
some light material that will stand the swaying, or 
they are so thick that they stand the racket out of 
sheer strength. But in any event when it comes 
there is no doubt of its horror and distressing feel- 
ing. It should be remembered that where earth 
shakes are prevalent they are not all destructive. 
There may be an earthquake of the trembling order 
that is only known to the resident when he reads 
about it next day. The delicate apparati used for 
the purpose, called the seismograph, records it for 
an observer, and it passes unheeded by the people. 

The causes of an earthquake are not very well 
understood, but the most generall)- accepted belief 
is that of the earth settling, and thus causing the 
trouble on its surface. This view is probably cor- 
rect. In a country where there are volcanoes, and 
an eruption of a violent order takes place accom- 
panied with a bad earthquake, the situation must 
be terrible. Take it all around the United States is 
good enough for the writer. 

"1 the 

''an frightful feeling 

'"''«':ribabi "''' *'^'"'''' ' "" ""= «<:=■"- was one 

•'"'^lion were ""'"''°"- A large part of the 

y< and th°" ""'"' ^"'"'^' "'« <:oun"-y being 

^^ '0 the v^ ':'''"'' "^fossing themselves and 

"■g'n to save them. Horses had 

famous old placer diggings on the Guayape river. 
1 spent a week or so in the region, and was espe- 
cially interested in the native Indians who live 
along the banks of the stream and who regard the 
placers as a sort of family pocketbook, from which 
they help themselves as they please. When a 
household needs anything that can't be hunted or 
fished^in other words, that has to be bought at the 
store— the women sally out with their 'bateas'or 
wooden bowls and proceed to wash as much gold as 
is required for the purchase. The metal they se- 
cure in that way is usually in the form of minute 
grains, hardly as large as the head of a pin, but oc- 
casionally they find little nuggets, and that brings 
me to my stor)'. 

"The day before I left I was at the principal 
store of the district talking to the proprietor, or 
'tienderos,' when a typical Olancha Indian sham- 
bled in and sat down on the floor. I attempted to 
question him about the diggings, and presently he 
untied a corner of his neckcloth and showed me 
three small, fantastically-shaped nuggets, which he 
said his wife had lately found. It occurred to me 
that they would make interesting souvenirs mount- 
ed as scarfpins or bangles, and after some haggling 
I bought the lot for S4 — they weighed altogether 
something under a quarter of an ounce. I was so 
disarmed by the apparent simplicity of the Indian 
that i never thought to examine the nuggets closely 
until I reached Port Cortez, and then it hardly 
needed a second look to see that they were not gold 
at all but evidently a sort of brass alloy. 

"A few days later, I learned from an engineer 
who came down from the Guayape district that my 
Indian friend was boasting that he had stolen some 
yellow 'composition metal' bearing from a stamp 
mill and melted up a fragment in a home-made clay 
crucible. In that way he produced his handsome 
nuggets. If he had put in the same amount of la- 
bor at the placers he could easily have washed out 
S20 worth of gold. That's what I call a natural 
aptitude for crookedness." 



"It is a common impression that the Central 
American Indian is singularly honest and free from 
guile," said a traveler who came up to New Orleans 
on the last banana-boat. " but don't you believe a 
word of that story. I recently made a mule-back 
trip to the Olancha district, in Northwest Honduras, 
my particular purpose being to take a look at the 

FoKMERLV the sardines consumed in this country 
were all imported from France. Now about three- 
quarters of the sardines eaten in the United States 
are put up here, the chief center of the sardine 
industrj' in the United States being the eastern 
coast of Maine, though some sardines are now put 
up on the coast of California. The packing of sar- 
dines in this country was begun about 1SS6. 

Thousands of people now find employment in 
one part and another of the work in catching fish, 
in making cans and in canning and packing and 
marketing and so on. 

Sardines are put up in greater variety than for- 
merly, there being nowadays sardines packed in 
tomato sauce, sardines in mustard, spiced sardines, 
and so on, but the great bulk of sardines, both im- 
ported and domestic, are still put up in oil. Sar- 
dines are put up also in a greater variety of pack- 
ages than formerly, there being, for example, va- 
rious sizes and shapes of o\'al tins, and some French 
sardines are imported in glass, but as the great bulk 
of all sardines are still put up in oil, so the great 
bulk of them are still put up in the familiar flat 
boxes. The consumption of sardines in this coun- 
try is roughly estimated at from 1.500,000 to 2,000,- 
000 cases annually. 

Like canned goods of e\'ery description, sardines 
are cheaper now than they formerly were, and 
American sardines are sold for less than the import' 

»»» THE !■ INGLENOOK » » !■ 

^ CoPfespondence ^ 



If I were a girl again one of my highest aims 
would be to become daily more of a comfort and 
blessing in my home. I would especially study 
how to make my mother comfortable and happy, 
and would do all in my power to lighten her bur- 
dens, by assisting in her work, by taking an interest 
in her plans, or by reading to her something bright 
and cheerful to drive away her cares. Then, too, I 
would tell her of the various happenings of the day 
about which mothers so much enjoy to hear. No 
girl is likely to go astr.iy who holds her mother as 
her confidential friend. It 1 were a girl again I 
would be more studious, and would endeavor to 
prepare myself more fully for future usefulness. I 
would pay much attention to the cultivation of the 
memory and improvement of the mind generally, 
storing it with useful knowledge, and by early cul- 
tivation become a greater power for good in later 
life. If I were a girl again I would try to look on 
the cheerful side of things. " Inner sunshine warms 
not only our own hearts but all with whom we as- 
sociate." Indifference begets indifference. Who 
shuts love out in turn shall be shut off from love. I 
would cultivate a more kindly and courteous dispo- 
sition towards my companions and friends, as well 
as towards strangers. I would try to throwsunshine 
into the life of every one. Finally, instead of mak- 
ing my own happiness the sole purpose of life, I 
would study to make other people happy and 
thereby deserve and obtain happiness for myself.— 

Mrs. Geo, H. Hotshigcr. 

# * • 

I WOULD join the Dunker church. I would be 
satisfied to stay at home if I had one, and if not I 
would be so good a boy that I would be wanted in 
some good home. I would go to at least one 
church service and Sunday school each Sunday. I 
would keep out of bad company. I would go only 
in good society. I would get me a Bible and as 
many other good books as I could. I would read 
the Bible every day. I would ask the Lord every 
day to take care o! me and guide me. I would be 
always busy doing only good and useful things. I 
would go to school all I could. I would try to 
have many other boys be as good as I should be. I 
would be kind to all alike, — strangers or acquaint- 
ances, old or young, rich or poor. I would say on- 
ly good things about other people. I would go to 
good places only. I would spend money for good 
things only. I would give to the poor. I would 
visit the sick. I would obey God in everything. I 
would be as good a member of the church as possi- 
ble. 1 would find as soon as possible what my life- 
work sliould be, and fit myself for it especially. I 
would be ready to meet the Lord any day. — L. IV. 


If I were a child again and had my life to live 
over I would aim to be more thorough and system- 
atic in my habits, especially in study and giving. 
My advice to the young girls is to choose the good 
part now, and you will be saved many bitter regrets 
later in life. My experience has been so satisfacto- 
ry to myself on this line that I feel like urging the 
young to '* remember their Creator in the days of 
their youth." I am thankful to-day that I listened 
to the ad\'icc of older people. I always aimed to 
have for my friends and associates those whose 
lives were true and good and whose influence was 
healthful. If you would make a success of life, be 
teachable, humble and truthful, and you will meet 
with friends all along the way. — Wealthy A. Burk- 

running about at night. I'd cultivate habits of in- 
dustry and perseverance. Every good thing is 
gained at the point of effort. I'd seize every op- 
portunity for self-improvement. Lost opportuni- 
ties are gone forever. Especially would I study 
the lives of good and great men. I'd seek the com- 
pany of good men and good books, and would be- 
gin at once to build up a library of my own, having 
the Bible as the chief book. I'd love my country 
and obey the laws. I'd read the newspapers, for 
they are the great educators of the people. I'd 
seek peace with God early and give my life to his 

service. — H. C. Early. 

# « « 

" Be a woman! On to duty! 
Raise the world from all that's low; 
Place high in the social heaven, 
Virtue's fair and radiant bow. 
Lend thv influence to each effort. 
That will raise our nature human. 
Be not fashion's gilded lady. — 
Be a brave, whole-souled true woman." 

Begin this good work in your homes. Who 
needs your kindness, love and helpfulness more 
than those in your home? Do little kind acts for 
your parents, brothers, sisters. Speak kind words 
to them, and be a comfort to those in the home. 
Select good reading. Strive for an education. 
God intends that we shall improve mentally, as 
well as spiritually— that we shall grow in knowledge 
as weW as in grace. It will make you more useful, 
and there is so much work for us to do that we 
want to be well equipped and do the most we can 
while we live, for the suppression of evil, and the 
promotion oi good.— El/a J. Binmbauirh. 

# « # 

As no earthly friends are so neai as our parents I 
would obey my parents, and thus secure their favor 
and God s blessing. I would aim to be a man of in- 
fluence and usefulness. And to be such I would be 
honest, truthful, industrious and considerate of oth- 
er people's happiness, as such boys are always in 
demand and stand at the head. I would guard 
against falling into evil habits such as chewing and 
smoking tobacco, using profane language, etc., as all 
these place the boy who indulges at a discount and 
will make him sorry later. I would seek by reading 
and otherwise to be much in company with men of 
great minds who had l^een successful leaders, to a 
higher plane of living, so as to profit by theirO 
knowledge and experience and catch the inspira- J 
tion. And to make me more efficient in my call- 
ing, I would secure fair education. And that all 
my labors might be to the glory of God, and direct- 
ed by his wisdom, I would carefully read and obey 
my Bible.— i. H. Dickey. 

# « * 

Were I permitted to relive my girlhood days, 
under the same circumstances and surroundings, I 
would not make many changes in performing my 
duties. I would deprive myself of some years' at- 
tendance in the " common school " and deny myself 
many other pleasures that are so much enjoyed by 
girls in their " teens." This I would do over again 
in order that I might for half a dozen years assist in 
nursing my invalid and helpless mother and look 
after the comforts of father and little brother. Then 
after God would call mother to her long home, I 
would continue to take her place in the family and 
make the remaining dozen years of father's life 
comfortable and pleasant. I have now lived over 
half a century. One thing only I regret and that is 
this, that I did not unite with the church earlier in 
life. I was twenty-one years old when I became a 
member and if the church had extended special in- 
vitations then as it does now I would have given my 
heart to God long ere I did. The only hindrance 
was a want of courage to make my wants known, — 
Rosie S. Myers. 

greatest success in life. I would be regul 
day school and church services. — /, _§, 

"•>"! Tro,,,, 

Once upon a time, many, many years 

y, was wandering in one 
wide, open deserts of Syria. It was now i " ''' 

°^^ towards 

«oon „ 

old. poor, and hungry, 

the end of the day; the sun was setting, and 
would be dark, when the wild beasts would 
forth from their lairs to seek their meat A j""" 

old man was weary, and longed to find someDl""' 
to eat an evening meal and a place to sleep I " 
with thankfulness that he caught sight of th k'' 
tent of some evidently well-to-do farmer of il, 
ert. To this tent he turned. Standing in the'd'* 
was a tall, noble-looking man with a ?' 
head, long loose robes down from his should ° 
his feet, fastened with a girdle round his »'■'' 
The weary traveler asked shelter for the nieht "' 
was at once kindly bidden to come in. As 
was prepared for him and, as soon as could b 
before him. Doubtless the hungry man was i- '. 
grateful, but he was evidently not grateful i 
God, for he began at once to eat the meal witdj 
saying a grace. 

Now the owner of the tent observed this M 
himself was a good man— his name was Abraham- 
for he was no other than the grand old Abraham ol 
the Bible, and obser\ing that the old man ate with 
out grace, or any acknowledgment of God, he itis 
angry, stopped his meal, and told him to go out aij 
away. He would have no godless man undcrhii 
roof. The graceless old man was dismayed, but ht 
dared not disobey such a fine, powerful mati, % 
he got up, left his unfinished meal, and went out in- 
to the desert and the night, and righteous ."^brahiii 
watched him wander away. 

Scarcely had the man gone when Abraham heard 
a voice saying, "Abraham, Abraham!" He kneii 
the voice, for he had often heard it before, .ind he re- 
plied, " Here am I. Speak Lord." " Where is that 
weary traveler that came to thy tent to-nijht!' 
"I sent him away, for he feared not thee, neither 
did he honor thee; and I will have none beneath my 
roof that do not honor thee." "Abraham, .Abra- 
ham," the voice gently and chidingly replied,"! 
have borne with him these seventy years, and 
fcouldst not thou bear with him for one night:' 
Suddenly Abraham was ashamed of himself, and »l 
what he had rfone, and immediately he set out to 
seek the godless man, and when he found hini Ik 
brought him to his tent again, s.aying to him, "Goi) 
has pleaded for thee," and he asked him to tetim 
to eat his meal and rest. 

Some of our readers may recall the tragic ejpi- 
rience of one of the early exploring expeditions fori 
ship-canal route, that under Lieut, Isaac C, Straio, 
United States Navy, in 1854. Misled by erroneoii 
maps, and imperfectly equipped, the party of tivenlj- 
five or thirty men, starting with only ten days pr»- 
visions, wandered through these dense forests.' 
number of them perishing from utter starvJl* 
and only after nearly three months did the)' cn«? 
on the Pacific side of the Isthmus. 

Lieut. Strain, who had had experience "'_*' i 

gles of Brazil and the East Indies, pf""™",, 
these Central American forests as the most di 
traveling he had seen. The undergrowth m '^^1 
places was described as exceedingly ""="''' 
composed for the most part o'A'""*'"'''' ,-,^1 
a plant resembling that which produces the^r ^^^^ 

Wei.I-, I'd first decide with all the purpose of my 
soul to be a man. Then I'd turn* everything to this 
account. I'd act on the idea that it takes a good 
boy to make a good man. I'd calculate on great 
possibilities in myself. I'd honor my father and 
mother as the surest road to success and long life 
(Eph. 6: 1-3) and make them my constant counsel- 
ors. I'd throw away the foolish notion of going 
West or somewhere else to be happy and success- 
ful. Home is the best place for a boy. I'd take 
care of my health as a precious gift from God, not 
overeat nor overwork, wash clean and sleep eight 
hours ex'ery night. Nothing worse for a boy than 

I WOULD obey and honor my parents. I would be 
kind and courteous to all. I would seek only good 
moral associates, and try to lead other boys into a 
better life. I would secure the best general educa- 
tion possible. I would read the New Testament 
through as early as possible, and study it well. I 
would be a Christian at the first call from God. I 
would study the great field of nature,— the fields, 
the groves, the flowers, the clouds, the stars, etc., 
and thus learn to honor God. I would choose my 
calling in life as early as possible, subject, however, 
to what wisdom might suggest as I grew older. 1 
would use every lawful means to lay the foundation 
of sterling character so as to be able to make the 

pie, but with longer leaves, serrated 
spines, which produce most painful "'""j '■.^„;,,«| 
With immense toil, and slowly m "'"'■Jj'jj,«il 
the patient band cut their way through ^^ ^ J 
growth. Sometimes they reached a "^''^j.^ ^df 
whose banks they could more "*''>! "A estrf 
way, but the whole journey was one ot '^^^^ 
est hardship. They found, among all t ^^ ,,^ 
ant growths, but little that was ""'"""j. |,j„j. 
palmetto, occasionally some P'^"'^"" j^jolpil^ 
but most frequently the nuts of a speci ^ ^ 

which would support life, but whose^ 
stroved the enamel of the teeth ar 

ciiii')' ' 

nd imp'"'" 

coats of the stomach, were their onl) --^^1 ^,|]j« 

Yet there was beauty in that ""P^^ijiied, 
ness. Worn out as they were, *■'' |^^,e, u»V 
camp number 21, pitched in an open g' ' ^tlnj 
and 01. a b " |j* 


magnificent canopy of trees 

feet high, from which a long rcac- 

seen, with the sunlight flashing "'''^J|j„g 

arcades, they could not refrain from '' 


»»!■ THK » INGLENOOK »»» 


Hatope ^ Stady ^*^ 


.T many people would be glad to become 

1 ''^°T and think there is some special skill re- 

•'""To understand plants and plant life. In re- 

" is only one thing required and that is the 

''■'*' of observation. This, so easily said, is not 

'"',-, acquired and is really a very rare accom- 

'" t The average boy or girl will fix their 

''*""'" plant "d simolv see nothing. If told to 

nd simply see nothing, 



Only a few of them can be found to-day, leaving 
the largest and most hardy to tell the tale of long 
ago. The surrounding country has the appearance 
of having been at one time the bottom of a large 
body of water; petrified bones and shells are found 
in great numbers, and in places the trunks of trees 
may be seen protruding from the broken banks of 
clay twenty feet under earth, and underneath a 
ledge of sandstone. 


heir back to it and they then are questioned 

Tt k they cannot tell whether it has round or 

'ted leaves, many or few branches and all is 

""" jistinct blur. The study of nature is simply 

,.,"« things that are as plain as day and few 

Ihae^are who do see them. 

H e are a few questions about a common dande- 

d only a few. How many of our readers 

„ answer them, or even the most of them? 

Vhere do dandelions thrive best? Are the 

l,„t. ot different sizes? Are the leaves on the 

same plant all after the same pattern? What color 

■ ihc flower? Have all dandelions the same color 

( llmver? How many general kinds are there? 

How do they bloom— at what season and under 

„hat conditions? How do they seed? What are 

the <h.ipe and color of the seed? Will they bloom 

thifirsl year from the' Seed? Are the leaves the 

,ibove and below? How are the buds formed? 

WliJt shape is the root? Has the root a juice? 

Wlijt color is it? Have the leaves a juice? Will 

thc\ "row in the woods or in shade? What in- 

seiis prey on the plant? Are the flowers ever fra- 

raiit? Will it grow from a root cutting? Do the 

Bowers close,— when? Is it easy to transplant? Is 

t ever cultivated? Has it medicinal qualities and 

'hat are they? 

After being sure of the answers to these ques- 
:ions, as a result of personal observation, and not of 
;ucssing, there will be many other things noticeable 
ly the observer. Studying natural history is sim- 
y seeing things as they are. 


bridge from one angle of the 
some fifty feet in length. This 

The petrified forest of Arizona spreads its re- 
markable display over loo square miles of ground 
En the northeastern part of the Territory. The for- 
est is now known as the Chalcedony Park, which 
pas become a Government reserve. 

The immense petrified forest of Arizona has in 
|lie past few years attracted considerable attention 
Itom geologists and men interested in kindred phe- 
pomcna of nature. It is said by them that there are 
po other similar petrifactions in the world. Several 
llioasand acres of this forest are scattered over the 
Bnddesertsof Northern Arizona, in the vicinity of 
olbrook. A six-mile drive by stagecoach brings 
Pe traveler to the scene. At what is known as the 
f'st deposit several sections of land are covered 
hill the fallen trunks of the trees, checked and 
P'wen.andiiponabluff of clay a hundred feet or 
"te from the valley below, is the petrified tree 
[»■" 'orms a natural 
P'"" to another. 

£""5" "'^™«^ to be entitled to far greater dis- 

t "on than the Natural Bridge of Virginia. The 

Badr'r °^ "'"""^ '" '"^'' ^"■■■'"g''' upheavals, has 

»de °f 'i! ^ "'"''""' slage for many a tragic epi- 

► ■ille° ri i!' ""'' ^^"'' '■"''='"5 and cowboys, it 

Lj ,|f ' "^^'<= fonght duels upon its shaky support, 

iormatio'' ""^ '"^'*'''^ legends connected with its 

' n, "'■ ^ dare-devil cowboy recently rode his 

■as sun"^ """" ""= ^'"iee, and the weight, which 

iHect if''"*';'' '° '"= perilous in the center, did not 

.J^' " '" the least. 

rfcc,'',^^"!^'''''^'^ of Arizona IS one of the most 
ive (ee. ,, *^ '^rgest log in the forest, being over 
V Washed "^"^ "' """ ''""■ '^^^ '^'"- ''^^ gradual- 
'* ends ^^'^ ''°'" '^^"'^*"' ''s center, leaving 
nk a( g '■"''ng upon a sand formation. Its 
"■thee"'^ "^"^ ."^^ ^^ followed some distance 
' i-'arth N "''' '' '^ '^°"'P'^'<=ly covered again by 
'"^'^'^d ail [1^ '^^'' "'^ west end the great log is 
'8 it i„ plj J *^>' "irough, only its weight keep- 

" "ay walk in places for a hundred yards 

""1 th, 

r "'d Or ^.g 'J". "'""^ seem to either have been 
away before petrifaction set in. 

"<^ trunks 

The limb: 

of the trees of the petrified forest 

The olive is one of the oldest known fruits. It 
is noted by Pliny and is frequently mentioned in 
the Bible, where it forms the basis of many parables 
and figures of speech. In Grecian mythology the 
olive tree occupies an important place, and to-day 
the " olive branch " is the world symbol for peace. 
Ihe olive tree itself is rather melancholy in appear- 
ance, but the eye soon becomes accustomed to the 
tone which the olive trees give to the landscape, 
and in nearly all of the Mediterranean countries 
they are found almost everywhere. In general, the 
olive will flourish wherever the vine can be cultivat- 
ed for wine-growing purposes. It will not bear a 
temperature below 21 degrees or 22 degrees F., and 
in Europe it cannot be grown above 46 degrees 
latitude. The young plants and fruit are \ery deli- 
cate, but the tree itself is quite tough. Naturally, 
in Italy, where the olive forms one of the principal 
agricultural products and contributes so largely to 
the wealth of the country, the trees are cultivated 
with the greatest care. The kernel of the olive re- 
quires about two years to germinate naturally, but 
it is found by mi.\ing clay and goat manure nature's 
processes can be hastened so that it will germinate 
the same year. The trees attain great age, and a 
large olive tree near Nice is believed to be a thou- 
sand years old and is said to have yielded 500 
pounds of oil in a single year. 

The culture of the olive in the United States is in- 
creasing rapidly, and in California the industry has 
attained such proportions that already £500,000 is 
in\*ested in it. Olives were first introduced into the 
State by the Franciscan Missions almost a century 
ago. The oldest olive trees in California date from 
the last century. They are six in number and are 
stationed at the San Gabriel Mission and are still 
bearing fruit, and are a living monument to the wis- 
dom of the Franciscan Brothers. According to 
some authorities, the oldest tree is at the Capistrano 
Mission, thirty miles south of Los Angeles. The 
seed from which this tree was grown came from 
Corsica in 1769. It is now fifty feet high and the 
trunk is at least five feet in diameter. The old trees 
at the Missions are as robust and thrifty as when 
they first commenced bearing fruit. The Francis- 
cans raised most of their trees from cuttings which 
they brought from Spain. They found the soil and 
surroundings most congenial for olive-raising, and 
that the trees flourished even better than on their 
native soil. The oil enabled the exile of the Fa- 
thers to be more supportable by supplying one of the 
accustomed luxuries of their far-away homes in dis- 
tant Castile. 

The modern history of the California olive cul- 
ture began about twenty years ago, when the Hon. 
ElUvood Cooper, of Santa Barbara, who is regarded 
as the father of the industry, began his investiga- 
tions on raising the olive as a commerical possibil- 
ity. He first secured cuttings from the trees of the 
old Mission and set out a number of olive orchards 
in Santa Barbara and other places. The result has 
amply justified his venture. Now there is hardly a 
part of the State that not its olive orchard. 

The olive seems to thrive best under the influence 
of sea breezes. It takes to almost any character of 
soil where the drainage is good, and flourishes in 
the localities beyond the range of very heavy frosts. 
The tree does not require a great deal of attention, 
and does not resent neglect. The care of an olive 
orchard is less than for almost any other kind of 
fruit. The trees are highly symmetrical when 
grown, and on some ranges are planted along the 
roadside for the shade and the added beauty which 
they afford to the landscape. Olives are almost 
never raised from the seed, as this requires a long 
time. They are usually raised from cuttings, and 
have been produced by Mr. Cooper in the fourth 
year, and a good crop in seven years; 122 pounds 
is the average per tree. The method of propaga- 
tion requires constant attention and great experi- 

ence, but the plants are grown on such an enormous 
scale the cost of them is very small. In the spring, 
after the cuttings are rooted, they are transferred to 
olive-growing nurseries, where they become trees of 
from three to five feet high in from twelve to eight- 
een months. 

Olive oil making is a simple process; the quality 
depends on the care exercised from the picking of 
the fruit through every stage of manufacture until it 
is put into bottles and corked. About eight and 
one-half pounds of olives are required to a large 
bottle of oil. The fruit is gathered later in the sea- 
son than other crops, and in the best orchards the 
olives are plucked one by one from the branches, 
and not shaken from the trees or allowed to drop. 
Special ladders mounted on wheels are run among 
the branches of the trees, and the pickers ascend 
the ladders and pluck the olives, which they drop 
into a specially made device, usually of tin, strapped 
about the waist, and which is adapted to hold a con- 
siderable amount of fruit. 

The olives must not be allowed to stand in heaps, 
in sacks or any sort of package long enough to heat 
through, otherwise the oil will become musty and 
rancid. Absolute cleanliness is required in every 
step of the process. The olives are first dried, dur- 
ing which process they lose about half of their 
weight; they are then crushed by a heavy stone roll- 
ing over them, and are next pressed the same as in 
cider making. The first expression is what is 
known as the " \-irgin " oil; the lower grades follow 
in succession. There are at least a dozen oil mills 
in the State of California. 

The olive industry is an example of what may be 
accomplished in the way of introducing a new agri- 
cultural pursuit in the splendid Southwest. 


The beavers are among the most intelligent of 
the fur-bearing animals, and the hunters who take 
them have to know their habits pretty thoroughly. 
The ermine is one of the most noted furs, and is 
produced on a small animal only ten or twelve 
inches in length, much resembling a common wea- 
sel, and inhabiting the northern regions of Europe, 
Asia and America. In several countries the use of 
this fur is restricted to royal families. The value of 
the skin is from Si to S3 each. 

There are several kinds of fo.xes, each having fur 
of greater or less value. The black fox skin com- 
mands a higher price than that of any other animal, 
unless it may be the sea otter. Single specimens of 
these skins have been sold in London for ;£8o. A 
garment belonging to the Emperor of Russia, and 
lined with this fur, was valued at jCz.oOO. A com- 
mon skin is worth S80, but a choice one is worth 

There are other kinds of foxes, all of which the 
hunter enjoys trapping and hunting. They are dif- 
ficult to trap, and the wits and genius of the trapper 
arc taxed to their utmost to capture them. The red 
fox is most common, and is considered a great pest 
among the farmers, for Reynard is very fond of 
poultry and young lambs. 

The fur seal affords a very valuable fur which is 
now extensively used. In North America these are 
found in great abundance off the coast of Alaska 
from May to November, and this region affords the 
chief supply. The skins, when taken from the ani- 
mals, are salted, and in this condition sold to the 
manufacturers who clean, dress and dye them. To 
prepare them for the market requires about four 
months' time. In the process of manufacture each 
skin is handled about two hundred times before it 
becomes fit for the furrier's use. The natural color 
of the fur which underlies the coarse hair outside is 
a dirty cinnamon, and the skins are dyed twelve to 
eighteen times to bring them to the dark bronze or 
jet-black usually worn. The process of curing and 
coloring nearly doubles the value of the skins. 
Seal-skin garments command a high price, ladies' 
sacques frequently selling for S500 each, 

Plant.mns arc the latest semitropical contribution 
to the local market supply. They come from Porto 
Rico and are the first seen here in nearly a year. 
Many have seldom seen or eaten this staple of the 
warm countries. The plantains look like an enor- 
mous banana, but, unlike the banana, they have to 
be cooked to be eaten. Plantain fritters are the 
favorite dish with many. ( 

c*** THE p INOLE>s^OOIv » » " 


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No love stories or any with killing or cruelty In them will be considered. If 
you want your attides icturncd, If not available, send stamped and ad- 
dressed envelope. Send subscriptions, articles and evciylhing Intended for 
The Inglenook. to ihc following address: 

BKnTiiitF-N i'luii-isHiNr. HousF.. Elgin, fllinois. 


The boy who does not know how to obey without 
question does not know how to command. If he 
can not do as he is told he is not 6t to boss any- 
thing. That is simply another, and perhaps a plain- 
er way of saying the same thing. No boy will ever 
be fit to act in the front who has not learned to fol- 
low as a preliminary training. One of the first 
things a soldier has to learn is implicit obedience to 
the orders of his superior in rank. And he doesn't 
stop to argue the case, at least not more than once. 
It is often the case that an order is given in a way 
that is peculiarly offensive to the subordinate, but 
the thing to do if it is a correct order, is to obey 
without hesitancy, and without question. 

After the habit of obedience is formed the posses- 
sor is in the direct line of promotion. If he can 
do as he is told he can be trusted out of sight, 
and with the control of others. Hut the first 
thing is to learn obedience, and then it is reasonable 
to expect that he will be able to carry out orders 
with others under his control. So, no words, boy. 
Do as you are told! When you have learned that 
you can go up higher. 


little talk about that boy. Of course he is foolish, 
and he does things that you wouldn't do, and no- 
dy else of good sense, either, for that matter, and 
he can not be made to see wherein he is wrong. 
He is just passing through his salad days, and 
doesn't know it. He is in the pinfeather stage and 
thinks he is somebody of importance. Never mind! 
He will get all thaj taken out of him a little later 
on. What he is going through is what all of us 
passed, only we have forgotten it. A little later on 
he will come to his senses and as the years go by he 
will sober down all right enough, There seems to 
be a certain stage, between hay and grass, as the say- 
ing goes, when all sorts of foolishness is abroad in 
the mind of youth. He is neither a boy nor a man, 
and as a sort of physical and mental What-is-it? 
he is a source of endless trouble to his people. 
Wait in patience, as the chances are that he is not 
altogether a fool, and when he has crossed the line 
he will begin to show color as little green apples 
color up when they attain their growth. There is 
such a good chance of his coming out all right that 
the Inglenook will go his bail that everything will 
be well in the end. Only let him read the paper, 
and talk with him now and then, not so much about 
his faults as asking his opinion on matters you are 
familiar with. He will think he is driving the wag- 
on, and after a while he will be perfectly able to do 
so for a fact. 

Onk of the mistakirs that y^ung people make is 
not often referred to, and that is to think that older 
people do not notice them and what they do be- 
cause they say nothing about them. It is an error 
tor a boy, or girl, to imagine that because nothing 
is said no notice has been taken. As a rule older 
people are very observant of young persons in 
whom they have an interest. They may not in- 
dulge in audible comment, but the impressions 
made are remembered. 

A boy is seen in bad company. True, he may on- 
ly be tagging along in the rear, but his actions go 
to show that he is getting ready to become one of 
the crowd. A man passes and sees him. Nothing 
whatever is said. Next week, or next month, that 
boy applies for a place in the store of the man who 
saw him, and is refused. The reason the man has 
to give, if required, is that he saw the applicant in 
bad company, and that settled it. 

A young girl is seen out late at night with a lot 
of loud-mouthed company. She is marked down by 
a passer-by. In a short time reference is made to 
her in her absence, and there is a story to tell of 
bad company, and a mental mark to her discredit in 
the minds of all hearers. 

It may be all well enough to say that you don't 
care what people have to say, or what they think, 
but the facts are that you w«.(/care if you expect to 
get on in the world. Then clear outside of the per- 
' sonal good that may inure to a youth by behaving 
well and avoiding bad company there is a higher 
motive than that of immediate profit, and that is in 
the right of doing right. The boy or girl who does 
right because it is right need have no fears of being 
marked down unfavorably by any who see, though 
no comment is heard. 

Text: Forgive Us Our Trespasses. 

This is in the Lord's Prayer, and is a supplication 
that all hearts make, and if it stopped there it 
would have less meaning than what is conveyed in 
the following phrase. — as we forgive others. It is 
entirely possible for us to secure that forgiveness 
for ourselves, and it can readily be done by our for- 
giving from our hearts those who have wronged us. 
Christ tells us that we will be forgiven in the same 
ratio that we forgive others. This leaves it very 
much in our own hands, altogether, in fact. 

It is not always an easy thing to do. In fact it is 
very hard at times. But no one should say the 
Lord's Prayer who treasures up a wrong done him 
by his fellow man. Remember that we ask God to 
deal with us as we have dealt with others, and if he 
takes us at our word, and we have not forgiven 
others, neither shall we be forgiven. There is some- 
thing fearful in all this when we come to think 
about it. Consider your relations toward those who 
have wronged you. If you have not forgiven them 
do so at once, and do it from the heart, and then 
God is ready to grant your prayer for the forgive- 
ness of your sins against Him. 

It reads easy enough, but it is sometimes a very 
hard thing to do. But it must be done, and he is 
the best Christian who forgives the most. There is, 
it seems to me, a still better way, and that is not to 
be easily offended. Then there is less to forgive, 
and less to be forgiven for. How do you stand in 
lation to this important matter?' 


The cause for this widespread custom 
to Dr. Richard Lasch. a German sclenti'sr'^r^'''? 
been investigating the matter, is that th i "^ ^^^ 
tains a certain amount of salt, which ta=;t ^^' '•^^■ 
these primitive people. The consequence "frr ''' 
earth-eating is a great distention of the sto ^ ^'^^ 
increase in the leanness of the eaters anH r ' *" 
of the liver. When a child of civilized"^'"''"" 
shows a disposition to eat earth or slate ^"^^^^^i 
is often the case, there is a physical c ' ^ 

and the case should be brought to the att '^^^'^• 
the family physician. "^'^'J' 


The thoughtless boy is everywhere, and that he 
is reading the Inglenook at this moment is not to 
be wondered at. That you, as his parent, are often 
troubled about him goes without saying. You don't 
know what will become of him in the future unless 
he changes his ways, etc., etc. Now let us have a 

The Inglenook recently had an article on the 
clay-eating habits of some of the southern people, 
and commenting on the subject Gvldcn Days has the 
following to say. It will appear from this that the 
habit is not a local one, and there must be another 
reason than any yet assigned for the practice. 
The peculiar practice of eating earth is not con- 
fined to the clay eaters of the Southern States, nor 
the Indian tribes in the far West. In some parts of 
the mountains of Germany the natives eat a certain 
kind of clay spread on their bread, calling it "stein 
bufk-r," — stone butter. In upper Italy and Sardinia 
a kind of clay is offered in the markets for sale as 
food. In northern Sweden and the peninsula of 
Kola, in Lapland, a kind of earth, called bcrgmchl, 
mountain flour, is baked with the bread. In Persia, 
too, large quantities of clay are eaten. The natives 
of South America are great clay eaters, especially 
the Hotocudos of the Orinoco River. In Nubia a 
certain kind of earth is eaten as a medicine, and on 
the Island of Timor the eating of earth is connect- 
I ed with religious ceremonies. 


In all of its work the Society for Psychical 
search never unearthed a story more rem l- 
than one which is vouched for by Bishon S^ 
Fellows of the Reformed Episcopal church ^"^'"' 

" It was told at a meeting of a college Greek] 
ter society." said the bishop to a reporter for ,1' 
Sunday Intcr-Occmt^^^hy the young husband ofth^ 
woman who figures in the story. He pledged evc -^ 
body to secrecy concerning names, dates, or a? 
thing which would fix the identity of the partr 
All are Chicago people of well-known families, ^nd 
the principals are alive to-day." 

After stipulating that the names of the people in 
print should be Mr. and Mrs. Charles Smith, the 
bishop told the story as foljows: 

Some years ago Mrs. Smith, wife of theyoungChi- 
cago man living on the north side, was taken serious- 
ly ill and died in a short time. She was not embalmed 
and was buried two or three days later in Rose Hill 

She was buried in the afternoon, and in the even- 
ing a friend of the family came in and decided to 
stay in. the house that night with the husband and 
servants. In the middle of the night Mr. Smitli 
was awakened from a rather restless sleep by some 
one calling his name. 

He heard the name two or three times, "Charks, 
Charles," very distinctly. He did not associate the 
voice with any one he knew, and said to himself 
':hat it was a hallucination. Being a man of material- 
istic views, he attached no superstitious meaning to 
'the matter, and soon fell into a troubled sleep 

After a little while he was awakened by the voice 
again, this time more insistent: " Charles, Charles, 
Charles!" Just as the day was breaking, for the 
third time he heard the call again, this time entreat- 

This time he recognized the voice very distinctly 
as that of his wife. Moved by some inexpUinaWe 
impulse, he sprang up, searched the room thoraugn- 
ly, found no one, and rushed into where his friend 
was asleep. 

"Come, get up," he said, "we must go to Rose 

His friend tried to dissuade him, but to no pur- 
pose. They harnessed a horse to a light buggVp 
took spades and pickaxes, and drove to the cenK' 
tery at breakneck speed. As quickly as possibi 
they digged down to the coffin, which had beenp" 
there the afternoon before, and opened it. 

The young wife was just turning over in th<^J^^ 
ket. Although alive; she was unconscious, f 
sumably she had been in a stupor the entire t^^j 
She was taken home, recovered consciousness, 
is alive to-day, and probably if she haJ ■^"^'^Lj 
circumstances at that time the shock wouiu 
killed her, _ , , j 

She was told that she had been very iH a" .^^ 
recovered almost miraculously. Beyond ^ 
knows nothing of the story. There seenis to ^^^^^ 
one explanation, and that is that Mrs. ^nll "^^^j 
conscious mind influenced the mind o n^r i 
telepathically and warned him of her uangc ■ 



I like it very well.—/. B. Trout. 
It is a gem. — Arilla Slusscr. \t Ikr 

The Inglenook is all right. — D. L- - 1 1, .^ 
I think The Inglenook good.— y<->-s^' ^'" 
I like it very much.— ^. P- Buchcr 
Inglenook is quite good.— /^<^«''J' '"'";,Ul/n. 
Fills a long-felt want in church homes. 

Phipps. . -n't f3'i 

If the rest are as good as the first u 

take. — Mattic Mohkr. , . ^^,05. 

Think it a charming paper. — /.'«-''' ■' 
I like it \'ery much. —J a cob Fouts. jajgb'^'' 

Just what I have been wising for ni> 

Uzzic E. Brinkcrhofi. nent 3"'' 

I think The Inglenook a most excu 

tertaining paper.— i/^?/'t7 Mutrny. _|f, // 

I like the matter in The Inglenook. 

»»» THB » INGLENOOK »»» 

methods of PPoeeaure m 

C^llingsjor Ltife Work. 



, study 

young people have undertaken 
at many have succeeded in making them- 

T many young people nave unaeriaKen 
'^ '^'?* of shorthand only to make a failure of it. 

Tl""" '\^[|:[y good stenographers. I have been re 

'"'"* t'To tell how this is best done, and I am will- 
°""^' ivf the results of my experience in the pro- 

general principles underlie the art, still there are 
requirements in special fields that one should be 
sure of if that work is in anticipation. Finally, my 
advice to the aspirant is to not take hold without a 
firm determination to put it through. There will be 
discouragements, but success will follow persistent 


''^-'°" Mphy can be learned without an instructor, 

^''^""^ suit is so doubtful that such a course is 
''°' '''^r commended. A teacher is such a great 
; 1 that no person able to go to a good school is 

, .,j to do otherwise. In the case of inab.hty to 
di school the next best thing is to have the 
", ,"f some thoroughly expert writer. The time to 
■ork is after a good education has been had, 
^'^'"ili^ embodied in a high school, or an academ- 
oursc, and this is, to a certain extent, essential to 
- ss The stenographer must have a working 
Vnodedge of the English language, and nothing 

I, stand in its stead. If his work was always a re- 
prlJuction of the speech of scholars it might be 
different, and he is required to get right what he 
does, and this he must often supply himself. 

The age to begin will vary from ten to thirty 
It has been found out that middle-aged per- 
sons, except those of very great natural aptitude, 
are not likely to make a success of the work, and 
some of the best teachers refuse a student over 
thirty. It is one of the professions that women are 
about as apt as men, and as a matter of fact they ac- 
quire proficiency, up to a certain point, better than 
do men, and after that make slower progress. As 
to the system to be studied it really makes little 
difference which is chosen, as they are all based on 
the same general principles, and one is about as 
efesy or as difficult as another. 

The time-xequired to get the ability to write read- 
ily and legibly differs 'greiffly, dependent wholly ons 
:he ability and application of the learner. But one 
of average ability should be able to get a pretty 
hold on it in six months, or even less. This 
does not necessarily mean that he will be able to re- 
port a rapid speaker in that time, but that he should 
be able to take dictation from his employer. There 

one thing that the inquirer should remember, and 
that is that while the acquirement of the ability to 
wnte shorthand is not a very difficult thing, nor is 
rapid writing up to a certain stage, \'ery much more 
difficult, after a certain point is reached it becomes 
an exceedingly hard thing to keep up with a speak- 
er «ho is very rapid and one to whose methods we 
are unaccustomed. But the stenographer must be 
able to defy the most fluent speaker. And there 
are not many of them living able to do this. Those 
"lio can are sure of employment. The only way 
possible to acquire skill is by practice, and this is 

" done by reporting casual conversations, ser- 
"Wns, and public speeches. Another excellent way 
IS to have some friend read aloud, and only by this 
"ntinual practice can available knowledge be ob- 

"" ■ T'lc'e is no short cut, there never will be. 
^^^he time was when shorthand was regarded as a 
i„'J^!"^ ""^omplishment. That time has passed 
need rt"^ ^'^ stenographers everywhere. If one is 
then*^ ^" advertisement in a daily paper will bring 
salari '" "'■'^ ''°"' ^^ scores. As a consequence the 
es ,j|" P*"^ beginners are not large, and the chanc- 
"fcum r°'"°''''" are not very good under ordinary 
"lems ^1 ^"'^^^' ^'^"^ way matters have shaped 
w-iti, ^^^^" '" "^'^ world of business a stenographer 
poor ch^ '1"^'' knowledge of typewriting stands a 
"aynot^b" °^ securing a place. While the two 

they ^ absolutelv nerps«ar\' in thf cam^ n^rsnn 



tely necessary in the same person 

'° related one to the other that both are 

•ypevv ■ " ^^" '^ shorthand writer who is not able 

diSici, if"^ °"' ^'^ ""'"^s will find it exceedingly 

If, i "°' ""possible to find a place. 
''''Braphv •""'" '° stenography and typewriting 
■^'lionatel '^ '^■^'^'^'^ '° ""^ student his field is pro- 
"'^"'lepa'',*'^'^"'^''- " ^''°"''i ^« remembered 
*'''''«d in th"^"'""^ ^"^^ "^ operation should be con- 
Scc and th ! ^'^"' *^ '''^ stenography of a law of- 
diff.... . . « ofa railroad headquarters is widely 



"1 th! 

use of terms, and while common 


There are few Inglenook boys who have not 
heard of the great military school of the United 
States at West Point, and the following article is 
presented here for the purpose of giving informa- 
tion how appointments are made and something 
about the course of study. When the world gets 
civilized there will be no need of the soldier at all: 

American army officers say that the war with 
Spain has stimulated the desire of the youth of the 
country to enter West Point. The stories of the 
killing of so many of the graduates of the academy 
at El Caney and San Juan have served to increase 
rather than to decrease the number of letters of in- 
quiry about the means of entering the military acad- 
emy that pour in daily to the war department from 
all parts of the United States. 

A few plain facts about the qualifications for ad- 
mission to the government school and a few hints 
as to what to do immediately upon admission may 
be of service to some of Uncle Sam's boys whose 
minds are set upon securing a military education. 
The law provides that there may be at West Point 
one cadet for each congressional district in the 
United States, and ten cadets whose appointment 
lies within the gift of the president, and who are 
known as cadets at large. 

Now if every boy who entered the academy suc- 
ceeded in graduating therefrom there would be only 
one vacancy in each congressional district every 
four years, that being the time allotted to complete 
the course of instruction. It is a matter of record, 
however, that but few more than one-half of the 
cadets who pass their preliminary examination stay 
the full four years. There are two examinations 
yearly and many of the boys are found deficient in 
their studies and sent home. It does not follow, 
therefore, because some boy was appointed from 
your district last June or the June before that you 
will have to wait until his graduation to secure an 
appointment. The examinations of the different 
classes at West Point are held in January and June 
of each year. If your mind is set on becoming a 
soldier it is a good plan to write direct to the war 
department in February and July of each year, and, 
giving the number of your congressional district and 
the name of your State, ask if there is a vacancy 
the corps of cadets for that district. You will get 
an immediate answer, and if the cadet representing 
your district has been unfortunate enough to fail in 
the last examination you will be informed of the 
fact. Upon learning that there is a vacancy, write 
at once to your member of congress, or. better still, 
call upon him and make an application for the 
appointment at once. It more frequently happens 
that you might think that the being named as a 
candidate for admission to West Point is a case of 
"first come first served." If the congressman 
agrees to name you for the cadetship he must for- 
ward your name, age and address to the war 
department. The secretary of war, through an 
assistant, will send you a set of instructions and 
an appointment as a cadet conditional upon your 
passing the preliminary examination. It may be 
that the congressman prefers to give all the boys a 
chance, and so will order a competitive examination. 
In this case you must pass a better e.xamination 
than your fellows in order to get the coveted place. 
I want to offer one bit of advice right here. 
Don't accept an appointment to the military acad- 
emy unless you were born with a liking for mathe- 
matics. This study is the backbone of the course, 
and in order to master it as it is taught at West 
Point one must have a love for the study for the 
sake of the study itself The other courses at the 
academy can readily be mastered by a boy of or- 
dinary brightness. The preliminary examination 
for entrance will be held at the nearest army post to 
your home. A thorough knowledge of grammar 
school studies will enable the candidate to pass. It 
must be understood, though, that the word " thor- 
ough " is used with its army significance, and it 
means thorough in the fullest sense. The instruc- 
tions received from the war department will embody 

a list of the examination subjects and many simple 
questions taken from previous examinations. The 
physical examination is severe. The boy must not 
only be sound in " limb and lung " but he must be 
of athletic build, have keen eyesight and hearing, be 
able to distinguish one from the other all shades of 
color and must show no symptoms of cigarette 
poisoning. A yellow stain on the thumb or forefin- 
ger will cause a surgeon to examine a boy the more 
closely, and more than one American youth has had 
to lay to a cigarette the blame for his rejection by 
a board of surgeons. 

If a boy knows just what to do after he enters 
West Point he is much better prepared for what 
awaits him there. If your father is a millionaire or 
the president of the United States the first thing to 
do is to forget the fact utterly if you are the least 
bit inclined to a feeling of self-importance on ac- 
count of your father's money or his official position. 
The cadets at West Point believe absolutely in hav- 
ing the place run on the principle of true democra- 
cy. There the cabinet officer's son and the son of 
the small shopkeeper are on absolute equality. The 
cadet who is caught receiving money from home is 
shut up in the guard tent. 

There never was a boy yet, so far as records go, 
who, for the first month after entering the govern- 
ment academy, did not wish that he had never heard 
of the place. The discipline is exceedingly severe, 
the drill is hard and the hazing, though not as bad 
as it was twenty years ago, is still something more 
than a trial to the new cadet. The boy who has 
been Jack or Phil or Harry to his comrades at home 
suddenly finds himself Mr. Gray or Mr. Spencer or 
whatever his name may be. For a year he is ad- 
dressed thus formally by his fellow cadets of the 
upper classes, nor must he address one of them 
without also prefixing the " Mr." and affixing the 
"sir." Hazing consists of all sorts of larks and some 
indignities at the expense of the freshman, or 
" pleb," as he is rather contemptuously termed at 
West Point. It does not increase a lad's sense of 
his own dignity to be forced- for fifteen minutes at a 
time to point with his forefinger and to sing over 
and over again: " There sits a fly on the wall." It 
does not add to the lad's peace of mind when he - 
has finished to be told by the surrounding cadets, 
who are enjoying the situation hugely, that the 
" pleb " cannot hope to continue a military career, 
because he has already been guilty of making a seri- 
ous false official statement, inasmuch as the wall be- 
fore him has been guiltless of ha\ing a fly on it for 
many years. 

Let the boy who goes to West Point go there in 
full determination to accept the hardness of the lot 
for the first few months in good part. The whole 
course is severe, but when once habituated to the 
discipline and the study it becomes easier, and the 
reward is great for one who perseveres to the end. — 
Rciward B. Chrk. 


The Duke of Orleans was the eldest son of King 
Louis Phillippe, and inheritor of whatever rights his 
father could transmit. He was a very noble young 
man — physically noble. His generous qualities 
had made him universally popular. One morning 
he invited a few of his companions to breakfast, as 
he was about to depart from Paris to join his regi- 
ment. In the conviviality of the hour he drank a 
little too much wine. He did not become intoxicat- 
ed; he was not in any respect a dissipated man; his 
character was lofty and noble; but in that joyous 
hour he drank just one glass too much. In taking 
the parting glass he slightly lost the balance of his 
body and mind. Bidding adieu to his companions, 
he entered his carriage; but for that one glass of 
wine he would have kept his seat. He leaped from 
his carriage; but for that one glass of wine he would 
have alighted on his feet. His head struck the 
pavement. Senseless and bleeding, he was taken 
into a b'eer-shop near by, and died. That extra 
glass of wine overthrew the Orleans dynasty, con- 
fiscated their property of one hundred millions of 
dollars, and sent the whole family into exile. 

Send for all the samples of Inglenook that you 
think you can use to advantage in the way of distri- 
bution among those who are not subscribers. We 
will take pleasure in sending you all you can use to 


»»» THE r INGLENOOK » » » 

Good /^§ f^eading 


In the tribe of Keggdch there was a horse whose 
fame was spread far and near, and a Bedouin of an- 
other tribe, by name of Daher, desired extremely to 
possess it. Having offered in vain for it his camels 
and his whole wealth, he hit at length upon the fol- 
lowing device, by which he hoped to gain the object 
of his desire. He resolved to stain his face with 
the juice of an herb, to clothe himself in rags, to 
bandage his legs so as to appear very much like a 
lame beggar. Thus equipped, he waited for Naber, 
the owner of the horse, to pass. When he saw 
Naber approaching on his beautiful steed, he cried 
in a weak voice: 

"I am a poor stranger; for three days I have been 
unable to move from this spot to seek for food. I 
am dying; help me, and heaven will reward you." 

The Hcdouin kindly offered to take him up on his 
horse and cnrry him home; but the rogue replied: 

" I cannot rise; 1 have no strengtli left." 

Naber touched with pity, dismounted, led his 
horse to the spot, and with great difficulty set the 
seeming beggar on its back. 

But no sooner did Daher feel himself in the sad- 
dle than he set spurs to the horse and galloped off, 
calling out as he did so, 

" It is I, Daher. I have got the horse and am off 
with it." 

Naber called after him to slop and listen. Cer- 
tain of not being pursued, iie turned and halted at a 
short distance from Naber, who was itrmed with a 

"You have taken my horse," said the latter. 
"Since heaven has willed it, I wish you joy of it; 
but 1 do conjure you never to tell any one how you 
obtained it." 

"And why not? " said Daher. 

"Because," said the noble Arab, "another man 
might be really ill, and men would fear to help him. 
You would be the cause of many refusing to per- 
form an act of charity, for fear of being duped as I 
have been." 

Struck with shame at these words, Daher was 

silent for a moment, then, springing from the horse, 

returned it to the owner, embracing him. Naber 

made him accompany him to his tent, where they 

spent a few days together and became fast friends 

for life. 

* ^ « 


Mother Goose rhymes of nonsense and merri- 
ment have been standard nursery literature for over 
173 years, but the real Mother Goose has long since 
been forgotten, for she died in Boston many, many 
years ago. Her maiden name was Klizabeth Foster, 
and it was not until she was a grandmother that she 
sung the songs that have since become world-fa- 
mous. Very little was known about her until the 
presence of a little grandchild caused her to chant 
all sorts of nursery jingles to please the little one. 
The Boston records show that Thomas Fleet, a well- 
known Boston printer, married Flizabeth Goose, 
the daughter of Mother Goose, in June, 1715. 

It is to the industry of this Thomas Fleet, no less 
than to Mother Goose, that nurserydom is indebted 
for the old ditties. It appears that Papa Fleet got 
very weary of hearing Mother-in-law Goose going 
about the house singing "Goosey, goosey, gander, 
where shall 1 wander? Up stairs, down stairs and 
in my lady's chamber," for Motlier Goose had a 
rasping voice and never had been a singer. He 
pleaded wijh Mother Goose to slop crooning her 
absurd nonsense rhymes, so the stoiy goes, but she 
was determined to entertain the grandchild, who 
seemed to enjoy the rhymes mightily. 

Finally Thomas Fleet found a way of revenging 
himself on the old lady, at the same time adding to 
the shillings in his pocket. He went to his print- 
ing house in Pudding Lane and set up in type the 
rhymes that had bothered him so much. Each day 
he would covertly listen to Mother Goose as she 
sung theni. He would write them down as he 
heard them; then down he went to the printing 
shop to put them in type. This was done day after 
day for months. Finally enough were gathered to- 
gether to make quite a book. So Thomas Fleet 
printed and bound them and put them in a cover on 
which was pictured an old gray goose, with a long 

neck and an open beak. Probably Mother Goose 
was disgusted at seeing herself so represented, but 
she still sung her quaint jingles to the grandchild 
until finally nearly all the mothers in Boston and 
thereabouts were singing with her. 


Of all the fish stories told, that of a fourteen-year- 
old boy at Santa Catalina island, California, is one 
of the most remarkable, and it is safe to say that 
had not the incident been observed by a number of 
persons no one would have believed it, yet it is true 
in every detail, and it has remained for a boy to 
hook and for a few moments play a whale. It is 
true that the whale was not very large, and a young 
one at that, but it was a genuine cetacean, and 
while but nine or ten feet in length, was large 
enough to create a sensation even in a remarkable 
fishing country. 

The young fisherman, accompanied by his father 
and a boatman well known on the island, were row- 
ing along the south end near the sea-line rookery, 
in search of yellowtails, the famous game fish of the 
region. Se\eral boats were in the vicinity, their oc- 
cupants busily engaged in fishing, little thinking of 
the angling exhibition to which they were to be 
treated. The water was perfectly calm, and they 
were trolling not 100 feet from the shore, when sud- 
denly some one uttered an exclamation as a huge 
black form rose partly out of the water not 200 
yards away; then another. 

"Orcas! " said the boatman. And orcas they 
were — a small black whale ranging up to twenty 
feet, with a tail, dorsal fin and singular white mark- 
ings. There were three— a male, female and calf — 
and they were moving slowly along, making a re- 
markable exhibition; blowing so near the boat that 
their eyes could be distinctly seen. They suddenly 
disappeared and the fishermen in the vicinity sup- 
posed that they had seen the boats and made off. 

While the men were watching, the rod held by 
the boy, who was not a very big one, gave a sudden 
lurch and the reel uttered several decided buzz-like 
sounds, then screamed loudly after the fashion of 
reels that have throats of brass or steel. 

" It's a yellowtail," said the boatman as the line 
dashed out, "and you have hooked him well." 

The young fisherman thought there was no doubt 
about that, as he had all he could do to prevent the 
rod from being jerked from his hands, while his fa- 
ther watched him with no little pride, as for a boy 
to handle and play a yellowtail weighing possibly 
thirty pounds was something to be proud of. Sud- 
denly, without any warning, the line gave a tremen- 
dous jerk, the reel sang its loudest, and to the 
amazement of the anglers and the occupants of the 
surrounding boats, the smallest whale, about nine 
feet in length, rose directly into the air, some fifty 
feet astern. 

"You've hooked the whale!" shouted the boat- 
man, as the full form of the animal and the line 
dangling from its mouth were distinctly visible. 

That this was so there was no possible doubt, as 
the big game now rushed away with such rapidity 
that the boy almost lost his grasp on the rod. 
Again the big black form leaped into the air, com- 
ing down with a thundering crash, and in less time 
than il takes to tell it had unreeled the 300 or 400 
feet of line and was gone almost before the amazed 
witnesses could recover themselves. 

"Well, my boy," said his father to the young 
fisherman who was now looking at his dangling line, 
"you have hooked and for a few seconds played a 
baby whale. If you fish all your life you will prob- 
ably never have another such experience." 

The boatman thought that if he had held the rod 
and the reel had contained 900 feet of line he could 
have landed the whale, but it is safe to say that oth- 
ers did not agree with him, and the record of the 
boy who played a whale will not soon be equaled. 

The only other instance of hooking a whale on 
record occurred in the Santa Catalina channel. A 
yacht was almost becalmed off the island when sud- 
denly a school of whales, apparently fifty or sixty 
feet in length, surrounded the vessel and began 
playing so near that the crew were demoralized. 
The gigantic animals were not more than ten feet 
away; one dubbing its huge form against the keel, 
making the yacht quiver from bow to stern. A 
fishing line was towing astern and all at once it 
stiffened out, there was a rush to one side, it hissed 
through the water for a few seconds then snapped 

he hook had caurt, 
.^. «h,ch, howev„ " 

with a resounding sound. Th 

the back of one of the whales, whirh u 

so large and the wound so insignificant th 

doubtful if the whale discovered that it >' *' "" 


If memory serves me well, it was Horace 
who said that doubtless many good 


men used ttK 
CO, but that if any one would show him a h i 
who did not use tobacco he would in tum^i,""" 
white blackbird. All bird students probabl *' 
agree that Mr. Greele>- would have had hard' *'" 
to find enough white blackbirds to fulfill th ""''^ 
requirements of his task had any one acce iT'" 
challenge. "Albinos," as the scientists callii,''" 
are exceedingly rare in bird life. Some ornith,?' 
gists in years of study have never seen one in a w ij 
state, and yet within tTie limits of the little Ch" 
suburb of Highland Park three interestinn |?° 
specimens ha\-e occurred in a single season F '^ 
in the spring a pair of robins built their nest on t'fc' 
top of a pillar under the porch roof of the reside ' 
of James H. Shields, near the lake shore. Th" 
family watched the birds with interest, and wh 
the young were fledged it was found that oneofil,' 
nestlings was feathered in pure white. No om- 1,' 
however great a stretch of the imagination, cmld 
think of this bird as a robin redbreast. The otht 
members of the bird household were normal j, 
color. The old birds appeared to pay no altciil™ 
to the fact that they had a strange-looking child m 
the house, but fed him and the others imparlull. 
After the birds had been led from the nesl the 
albino was captured and kept for a pel. It |„|. 
lowed the members of the family about and iro 
given almost unrestricted liberty, and one d.iv, » 
its anxiety to reach the open well before one of ii, 
human friends, it lost its balance and fluttered iiiti 
the dark moss-grown depths, where it calmly waited 
for rescue floating upon the surface of the wain 
It was finally drawn up by means of the bucket aiiil 

Birds are apt to make outcasts of their albino 
(brothers. A mated albino, so far as I am abk !o 
■find out, has been hitherto unreported. Inatiild 
within the limits of Highland Park 1 found in June 
an albino bobolink. The ordinary bobolink's back 
and head are yellow and white, while thebreastis 
like midnight. This fellow was white all over, s.ive 
for a few small streaks of black. He lived in i 
field by himself, but sung just as jojously as JiJa 
score of his brothers on the other side of the road, 
who apparently had forced him to live alone. The 
interesting question became as to whether tliis Rob- 
ert of Lincoln freak could find for himself a mate, 
The songsters over the way had no trouble in secur- 
ing wi\-es, while he still remained a bachelor. But 
one day a little quaker companion appeared, and 
speedily a home was made amid the grass roots ol 
the meadow. 

Roving apparently aimlessly over the fields and 
wood patches adjacent to Highland Park is a "»• 
who seems to be bigger than most of his kind, a" 
who is further distinguished by bearing o» * 
small of his back a pure-white mark of the sizeM 
contour of a silver dollar. He has been seen on of 
casions for more than two years, and always has 
been alone. There is apparently no crow conip* 
ionship for him, and yet he walks about in the W 
with a somewhat stately air, as though lie '<'"'"'' 
superior size and feels the great white birthniaf 
be a badge of lionor. 

I SAW a man the other day limping with ^f' . 

crutches. He had only one foot. He had ^ 

ficed the other to save his life. He was woun i 

the heel on the field of battle, and only P™"'P,j,j 

putation kept the blood poison down ''"^''' ^^^ 

reaching the heart. We do not despise that vt^^ ^ 

soldier because he limps. Nay, we honor ^^^_^ 

one who suffered, fighting bravely in a "° 'j„'|icei 

And so we honor those who have made s ^^ ^^ 

for Jesus' sake, even as in heaven they >i .^jjitl 

praise the lamb that had been slain in t'"-" 

the throne. 

"""^ i.,.ah>' 

While a healthy body helps to mai-'- ^.^^^ „f, 

soul, the reverse is yet more true. ^''" ^(,ii 

purifies, sustains the body. Mental ^"^ ^.^-r 

activity keeps the body healthy, strong -J" ;, , , 

preserves from decay, and renews li(e.-v 

mtiH Clarke. 

»»• THE » INGLENOOK »»» 


Cipele ooo 

Bulsar. India. President; John R, Snyder, Belle- 
,^'"p7gsident; Otho Wenger. North Manchester. Ind 
'"'• , .^ u rovinfton. Ohio. Secretary an 

D. Rosenberger, Covington. Ohio. Secretary and 

Address .U «"»""" 


When Jesu 

healed the ten lepers, but one turned 

fell down on his face at his feet, giving 
Samaritan. And Jesus said, 


ock, and 

L If and he was 
'there not ten cleansed? but where are the 
^^'"^ VVe think it strange that the nine who were 
i from that terrible disease of leprosy 

u go their way without thanking the Great 
''°" ian for his marvelous skill and power. And 
Tthc conditions are just the same to-day; we 
1" ^1 ^.j]i for the cleansed just as Jesus did. We 
lit to work and pray for the unsaved, but Sun- 
1"^ after Sunday our ministers are preaching in 
^'^ to save "the nine." The minister and Sun- 

ichool teacher usually visit "the nine," and the 
insaved are too often neglected, left out in the 
old and forgotten. The Savior said, " Feed my 
inibs," and we should lovingly and tenderly care 
:or them; they are not " the nine." But " the nine " 
ere strong and able to give the Lord a tribute of 

c, else he had not required it. During the re- 
ival season in our churches, the members are 
irought closer to God and wandering sinners enter 
he fold. But in some cases at least, if you wait 
while, and then enter that church, the cry of our 
lavior rushes to our lips, Where are the nine? 
BVrc there not ten cleansed? If the ten were all 
.ere praising God it would seem like a Pentecostal 

If "the nine" who were cleansed would also glo- 
fyGod, so much more would be accomplished in 
he name of Jesus, None would be absent from 

h on account of indifference, and every service 
'ould be a praise service. Our missions are not 
uppcirted as they should be, the cry of human 
earts suffering in ignorance and superstition falls 
pon dull ears, because " the nine are not aroused." 


WORK Rev. m:ii. 

This is a promise that is not confined to this life, 
ut reaches on and over into the eternal world; 
'hen we get there, we may discover the results, 
erve your divine Paymaster faithfully, my brother, 

your business, and whether you get rich or not 
ou will have treasures in heaven. Do your duty 
'»ingly, oh, praying mother, and you will not fail 
'your reward. One of the ecstasies of heaven will 
e the surprise of blessings long deferred, and the 
raping of harvests that only come in return for un- 
'«ned fidelity. He that never faints is the one 
'« never f.iils. It will be with compound interest 
I'th(°r '"''"'^ Paymaster will reward many a 

"Mil toiler in his vineyard. There is a mighty 
»«'"> that word "shall 
'inlnot,"_ra„.Z. C«j&^. 

we s/ta// reap if we 

*E ARE WITNESSES.-Luke 24: 48. 

1,1"'^*, ,'l"'^*,^'ee is for us all. As well might the 
6 word _" ""^ '^""''y. who heard the father's dy- 
lu f'^^^ "'^°'^ bless you, my children and make 
'nself-'..M ^^'"'*"' ™«n and women "—say to 
r my 1 I '*"'<='''s message was not for me, but 
'onsibih ^'°^'^"^ »"d sisters. It puts no re- 
Sblessi'/ "''°" "*^' ^^ "^"^ "°' include me in 
essan. : V^"'' '" ^'^ <:°unsel." The father's dying 

'"''^^—Pyancis E. Clark. 

Our Savior's mes- 

' most ns,.f„i , . 

"""ythe people in this world are fre- 

'"'s and m"'"'' '"°'''^^' '"'s to their own achieve- 

'^'^''"- The^'r^^^ '° ^'^"^ ^°'^ *'''^ ^'"'■y °^ "''^''" 
^'"andth*^ "^^ have a saying that as the 

'°'*liich qVT^^™* together, it becomes evi- 
'^*^- For tl '"° classes of growths God has 
■"* '1 ackn I "^^ "''" '^'^ ^''^ favored bow their 
'■"Ore fruitf I L^""^"' °^ "^^'^''^ ^^'^^^ grain, and 
.l>owed. B , '^'■y become the lower their heads 
'"H lift the" K '^'''^' 'hough thoroughly un- 
""•'y efficie"t "'■'==' '" lofty disdain of their 

''% and f ■ T'^'*''"''"- I' i^ J"^f so in "f'=- 
""fulness go together. 

&m Sanday H School ^3,^ 

PARABLE OF THE SOWER.-Matt. 13:1-8, 18-23. 

{Lesson for May so, j^oo.) 
Golden TExx.-The seed is the word of God.— Luke 8: 2. 
We are all sowers of seed in human hearts and 
lives around us. It is doubtful whether any act of 
ours falls unheeded on the observer. What we do 
is never for ourselves alone. It affects all others 
with whom we come in contact. It is unavoidable. 
It is fate. There is no getting around it. It is a 
truth that in the vegetable world the seeds of nox- 
ious plants possess a vitality not equalled in the 
cultivated species. If we sowed cabbage seed 
broadcast by the roadside no one would harvest a 
crop of cabbages. But if we scattered the seeds of 
the Canada thistle every one of them would likely 
develop irtto a useless and noxious weed. 

It is entirely so in the world of morals. The evil 
that we do outlives in its persistence the good that 
we accomplish. It is a part of the perversity of 
human nature that the things we should not do are 
oftenest done. It is human nature to seek the for- 
bidden fruit. An acorn is a very little thing, com- 
paratively speaking. A child can carry it in its 
hand. But plant it, and if the situation is a favor- 
able one, an oak that outlives a century is the result. 
It is the same with the word or the thought that we 
drop in the soil of the heart of those about us. It 
is either weeds or wheat. And the weeds grow so 
much easier than the grain. 

If there is any one thing that is certain in human 
life it is that as we sow so shall we reap. Whatso- 
ever seed is put in the ground that same is repro- 
duced. The prominence of the individual sowing 
these seeds of morals counts for much with those 
who look up to him. On the other hand a child 
may say or do a thing that will affect a grown man's 

Some seeds germinate earlier than others. So 
some truths put into the ears of people may not 
materialize into actions for years to come. In our 
sowing there is this to remember, — nothing good is 
ever lost, and nothing good dies. It may not ap- 
ipear in fruit in our time. We may never see what 
-stJrrcrf apple will grow on the tree started from the 
seed we snafjped between our fingers in an idle mo- 
ment. And we may not live to see the result of 
the idle word dropped in the hearing of those 
around us. But germinate it will, and as it is good 
or evil so will the fruit be. 

There is no more potent factor for good than the 
Sunday-school teacher. Long enough after he has 
passed over he will be remembered. The writer 
remembers well the teacher of his youth, though he 
has passed to his reward long ago. While Christ 
uttered his parable, or parallel case, which is the 
meaning of the word parable, to show that his 
teaching, as it fell on the ears and into the hearts of 
the hearers, produced different results, yet it is also 
true that we are sowers in a way that makes us 
responsible for what we say and do. And it 
holds not only while we are before people in a 
representative capacity, but at all times and under 
all circumstances. Let us be careful of what we 
sow, for we are responsible for the crop. 

Fop * the * Wee * polk 


Through dreamland's cool and downy paths 

I run with flying feel 
To where my dear dream mother lives, 

On As-You-Like-It street. 
She never says when 1 come in: 

" Oh! What a shocking noise! 
Who would suppose that little girls 

Are worse than little boys?" 
All healthy little girls, she says, 

Delight to slam the door; 
And never put their books away. 

But throw them on the floor. 
She never asks how I've behaved, 

Nor questions where I stood. 
"The head's the only place," she says, 

"For me, so bright and good." 
This very afternoon I heard 

My dear dream mother say: 
"You needn't finish grandma's seam 

This bright, sunshiny day. 

For summer's brightest, sweetest hours 

To little girls belong; 
To do a stint on such a day 

Would certainly be wrong." 

But then that kind dream mother Red 

(I wish that dreams came true) 
And some one called : " Come, Lazy Bones, 

There's work for you to do." 

—Esther A. Harding. 

The Bible is not dependent on the dead letters of 
the monuments for its credibility, nor does the 
earthly life of our Lord require the attestation of 
some rock-hewn Gospel. From age to age. from 
generation to generation, the Gospel is written in 
the hearts and lives of men, and Christ walks in his 
true church to-day as really as among the golden 
candlesticks in the apocalyptic vision. It is not a 
dead Gospel, nor an empty manger nor sepulcher, 
which claims our interest. It is a living Gospel, 
which is confirmed in the hearts of men rather than 
by any testimony of the monuments or ancient 
manuscripts. We bow before him in loving adora- 
tion who liveth and was dead and is alive for ever- 

Joseph Cook alliteratively describes life as fol- 
lows: "Man's life means — Tender teens, Teachable 
twenties, Tireless thirties, Fiery forties. Forcible 
fifties, Serious sixties. Sacred seventies, Aching 
eighties, Shortening breath. Death, The sod, God." 

A PROSPEKOUS iniquity is the most i 
thing in the world.— /rn-w/ Taylor. 


By Fhrahc M. Hfrrick. {Age //). 

Tabby, Oh! Who is she? A little girl? No. 
A little boy? No. She is a strange-looking, half- 
starved kitten. She was born at a little place 
called Woodville, on a large farm. Woodville was 
ten miles from any city. It was not a manufactur- 
ing place, but was noted for its rich people. 

The house in which Tabby lived was very beauti- 
ful, especially one room, on the window sill of 
which she would sit for hours, gazing at the chil- 
dren at their play, until Ned would come and carry 
her to the river. There were three children that 
lived on this farm, Ned, Mary and Tedd)-. NeJ 
was very unkind to Tabby, and sometimes tried to 
drown her, but Mary and Teddy did not have much 
to do with her. So one day, when he was carrying 
her to the river, she jumped out of his arms and ran 
to the woods. There she wandered around for a 
while, until she saw, not far away, a little village. 
There she went and saw a little cottage, very differ- 
ent from the one from which she came. There 
were three children in the sitting room and they in- 
vited her to come in. They gave her a saucer of 
warm milk and a warm bed, for she looked as 
though she was tired and hungry. She went right 
to sleep and did not wake up till morning. Then 
she saw the cook getting breakfast ready. 

The cook was very kind to Tabby, and gave her 
some bread and milk. The children got up not 
long after, and took Tabby out for a nice long run 
on the grass. This Tabby thought ver)' lovely, be- 
cause she had never had children so kind to her. 

The children's names were Nellie, Alice and 
Ralph; Nellie was eight, Alice seven, and Ralph 
ten. They had been taught to be very kind to ani- 
mals, which I am sure they were. 

Ralph taught her many tricks, and she would beg 
like a little dog. 

" Did Tabby run away? " you ask. No, she 
thought the children too nice to get out of their 
way. She stayed in that little brown house till she 
died, which was about two years after she went 

They dug a little grave for Tabby and planted 
some beautiful flowers there, for theyjwere very sad 
when she died. — The Young hka. 

The cat needs a 

ijood meal twice or three times a 

Kittens should be fed at least four times a day. 


Will our little friends all learn this verse? 

He prayeth best who loveth best 
All things both great and small; 

For the dear God who loveth us, 
He made and loveth all. 


9¥9 XME » INGLENOOK *** 



The founding of the Catholic missions in North 
America was accomplished by the Spanish monks 
of the order of St. Francis. The story of their wan- 
derings in the new world, of their heroic endeavor 
and hard-won achievments is as thrilling as a ro- 

One who is even slightly familiar with the dismal 
swamps of Florida, or the wild and trackless deserts 
of New Mexico and Arizona, can conceive of the 
dangers which these spots offered to the early ex- 
plorers. The early Spanish cavalier was a bold and 
hardy character, but he was far more loath to 
plunge into the unknown lands to the north of 
Mexico than the Spanish priest, who sought neither 
territory nor gold, but souls. He never faltered at 
the prospect of the sacrifice of comfort and health, 
of even life itself. 

The first missionary work attempted in North 
America was in Florida. At the present day not a 
trace remains of the labors there, for after repeated 
efforts the work of Christianizing the savages was 
abandoned. At the time that Florida passed into 
the hands of the English the missions there had 
been brought to a fairly prosperous condition, but 
with the advent of the strangers their decline be- 
gan. The gentle Latin priest was no match for the 
bold and .ulvcnturous .Anglo-Saxon who had scant 
tolerance Un the Catholic forms of worship. 

Chapels were plundered and burned, the mission- 
aries subjected to humiliation and abuse, and their 
Indian converts inflamed to rebellion and deeds of 
violence. Sadly the priest bowed his head to the 
inevitable and disappeared from the scenes of his 
trials, disappointments and successes; but the In- 
dian remained to be for many years a thorn in the 
flesh of the conqueror whose harsh method of treat- 
ment of the savages offered so striking a contrast 
to the patient and loving altitude of the Franciscan. 
The zeal of these devoted men next led them to 
invade the sandy wastes to the north of the terri- 
tory of Cortes, and in spite of incredible sufferings 
and repeated failure a footing was at last j^ained in 
the wide, thirsty plains of New Mexico and Arizo- 

Yet despite these things which would liave 
crushed men whose purpose was less pure and un- 
selfish the missionaries succeeded in gathering 
about them into colonies bands of Indians, and the 
work of civilizing them and teaching them went on 
slowly, uncertainly but nevertheless constantly and 
determinedly. At last the missionaries felt that 
the\- had reason to believe that their position here 
W'as sure. 

A hundred years before the birth of our nation 
fifty churches for the Indians had been built in New 
Mexico and Arizona, and the converts, to the num- 
ber of many thousands, gathered under their shel- 
ter. This savage population has faded away or re- 
lapsed into barbarism. The- churches themselves, 
built of sun-dried adobe and usually poor and crude 
in the extreme, are now fast-disappearing ruins. 

The old church of San Miguel in the quaint 
city of Santa Fe is the most striking example of the 
architecture of the .Spiiniards in this section of the 
country. It is the oldest church in America, and is 
in a fair state of preservation. 

The man selected for the work of establishing the 
California missions was Father junipero Serra, a 
priest of most saintly and beautiful character as 
well as of superior courage and endurance. 

Early in the summer of 1769, in company with 
three other missionaries, he entered the Hay of San 
Diego, and at once proceeding inland, founded the 
oldest mission in California, that of San Diego, 
about three miles from the present town of the 
same name. The ceremony of founding the mission 
was simple, and the same as that observed on all 
such occasions. The bells which the priests carried 
with them and which were considered so necessary 
an accessory to the practice of their religious rites, 
were hung from the branches of a tree, a cross was 
erected, a solemn mass said, and, the royal stand- 
ard being unfurled, the place was taken possession 
of in the name of God and the king. This being 
done the Fathers at once began their efforts to con- 
vert the Indians and to build churches and clois- 

The mission of San Diego is the southernmost 
one of a chain which extends along the coast of 

California as far north as San Francisco. There 
were in the time of the greatest prosperity of the 
church twenty-one missions of various sizes and 
strength in this chain, and they were located so as 
to be a day's journey apart. The Franciscans often 
walked the distance of this chain with staff in hand, 
and no money to pay the expenses of the trip, al- 
ways sure of food and a safe shelter at night fall in 
the corridors of the next cloister. 

The missions were built by the Indians who upon 
their conversion passed at once into a state of mild 
slavery to the Franciscans who regulated for them 
as fathers do for their children ail their habits of 
life and thought. They clustered about the church- 
es, and only on rare occasions rebelled against the 
jurisdiction of their kind masters. They were 
taught all the arts and trades of civilized life that 
were known at that early period, and the women 
learned to spin, weave and sew. The period of the 
prosperity of the missions from 1769 to 1835 was an 
idyllic time in California. To be sure there were 
occasional outbreaks among the Indians, and vari- 
ous other troubles such as destructive earthquakes, 
and attacks from the early buccaneers, but as a rule 
life was quiet and pleasant. Want was unknown 
and prosperity ruled. Vast herds of sheep and cat- 
tle roamed the country, and to agricultural pur- 
suits were added manufactories. The missions soon 
became enormously valuable, their yearly revenues 
sometimes amounting to S2, 000, 000. 

The California missions continued to grow in 
power, and to increase in the number of converts 
until 1835, when their prosperity was very suddenly 
ended. By royal decree they were taken from the 
hands of the church, turned over to the government 
and soon became the prey of Mexican politicians. 
Their decline began at once, and was steady and 
rapid. Many of the priests returned to Spain, and 
their converts relapsed into barbarism or became 
the victims of American greed. 

Of the twenty-one missions on the coast of Cali- 
fornia, a large number have disappeared entirely, 
some are far on the road to complete obliteration, 
while others have become the care and treasure of 
the Landmarks Club whose reason for existence is 
the preservation of these historic landmarks from 
the ravages of time and Vandals. 

fldveptising Column. 

Thb Inclenook readies far and wide among a class ol ~ 

mainly agricultural, and nearly alt well-to-do. It affords an""'"''*° -^ 
of reachlQg a cash purchasiDg conslituency. Advertise "''*^''*'*J o 
proved by the management will be inserted al the unjio'^'"' "■*'*"»> 
inch, cash with the order, and no discount whatever lor conr ^"'*''''*t- 
Ji.oo per inch, first and cAch succeeding time. The Ingl ""'^ '"''ibj, 
organ oi the church carrying advertisements. ' '^°'' " the o- 

Hll Oup 
Fotuls are 

Ppize Winners 

We have the best strains ef 
poultry going. You'll hear 

something of interest, if you only keep half a dozen tbick 
Wc Sell Bggs for* Hatching. 
All ourjowls are prize winners. Send a stamp with 
inquiry and we'll tell you something new aboui the ^ 

The Buffalo Valley Poultry Farm 
Lewisburg, Pa, 

Mention you saw this advertisement In Inglenook, 

* poulin 


Will pay you better, and ai ,1 
s.ime time you will have less,,,, 
i( you will use HUNT'S DILI 

and we pay the freight. Address: 

A. B. GULP & CO., Eureka. III. 

Caps and Bonnets 

...MADE AT... 

Reasonable Prices. 

Whittier's poem about Barbara Frietchie wav- 
ing the flag during the rebel invasion has been ex- 
posed again and again as false in fact. The appear- 
ances are against the truth of the Barbara Frietchie 
story. Mrs. Ouantrill, who was born and reared in 
Frederick, whites to the AVw Vorff Sun saying it is 
all "fudge and nonsense about old Barbara Friet- 
chie," and that she " lived opposite to me in a house 
which stood part on Carroll's Creek on West Pat- 
rick street with her sister, who cared for the feeble- 
minded old lady," and that she would as soon have 
defied the confederates with a handkerchief or a 
check apron as with the flag. It is more to the 
point that General Kyd Douglas, who was an officer 
on General Jackson's staff, said recently in a 
lecture at Cooper Union that the latter never even 
passed Barbara's house. General Jackson at that 
time was suffering from a fall from his horse, and 
was taken through Frederick in an ambulance to 
the front by an entirely different route from that 
which led past her house. General Douglas says: 
"I have learned after long and painstaking investi- 
gation that Barbara was ninety-six years old at 
that time. She was helpless and almost blind. No 
soldier of our army and resident of Frederick saw a 
flag at her window. Her relatives, with whom I 
have talked, admit that there is no foundation for 
the story on which Whittier has written such a 
beautiful poem." It certainly looks as if Barbara 
must be given up. 

Sight-seeks who make pilgrimages to Washing- 
ton during the coming summer will have an oppor- 
tunity when they go to the Smithsonian institution 
to see a small collection of articles of interest which 
have not been previously on exhibition. Admiral 
Dewey, realizing that the public is interested in his 
personal belongings, has placed in the care of the 
instilution a number of the choicest of the articles 
which have been presented to him and which '• ,^o 
accumuklted in various ways before - i^*o4'^ 

victoiy at Manila bay. '^^"^e"''*'*'''' 

■ m ■ 

That which astonishes, astonishes once; but what- 
ever is admirable becomes more and more admired. 

Goods furnished thai will please. Write for circular £i 
plaining how to order. Address: 

Miss Mary Royer, 
Mt. Monis, III 
MentloQ you saw tins advertisement in Inglenook. 

If You are Going to 

Build Fence... 

This spring, do not fail to drop a card to the addrei- 
below, askmg for descriptive circulars of one of thebc-i 
smooth-wire fences offered the public. 

Chain-Stay pence Co., 

sterling, 111. 

Mention you saw tins adverlisenient in Inglenoos, 

J. J. Ellis & Co., 

(Members ol Balliiuore CommissioQ 
and Flour Excliaiige.i 

Commission Merchants, 


Grain, Hay, Seeds and 
Country Ppoduce. 

We soiicit 

Your Business, 

305 S. Charles St. 


I this advertisement in Inc.i.en-ook. 


We furnish all Kinds of Cap Goods .il 

Very Low Prices. 

We Send Goods by Mail to all Parts of the UnH" 

States. Send for Sample- 

Free 10 


Elgin, III. 

The Inglenook 

The fJetu, High-elass UitePapy P^'P 
of the BpothePhood. 



■1) e^na *» * 

Issued weekly. The price is Si.ooa year, but wt > ^^^^^^,^^ii. 
crof these lines lor the rest ot this year on the reciip tfxtil^^'L 
It is a youth's paper ihal will be read by older P''"^^'\^ai^m '*' ^ 
will contain specially prepared articles on topics o ^^^ ^^|„nioi 
The best talent ol (he church will be "P"*"-'"'" ,|",e W ''"" 
brightest writers in the world will be found in " ''"'" ^^^^,1 

»0 lely articles on Nature and Natural History wil'^PP niif^ 
■ boy wants the paper, your girl wants n. > ^^^ p,pef ' ^ 
..e ioi you to brighten some young life by senJi"^ p^^., p,isi»' j^ 
It's the best use for your fifty cents wc can 'h'""' |u,„jsh bJ'"" „» 
You will want a complete file and wc can't agree 'J^j^^ j^juts- " ' 
Send for The Inglbnook to-day and you'll gel nil i-^ 

UoO* ■ 
Brethren Publishing '"g^eis'^ 

(For Inglenook.) 


they've swept the parlor carpet, and they've dusted ev- 
ery chair, 
they've got the tidies hangin' jest exactly on the square; 
ihe whatnot's fixed up lovely, and the mats have all been 
i the pantry's hrimmin' over with the good things ter eat, 
T Sunday dress on and she's frizzin' up her 


paved in Floretitini 

las gut 


got on her hest alpacky, and she's askin' how it hangs, 
has shaved as slick as can be, and I'm rigged way up in G, 
its all because we're goin' ter have the minister ter tea. 

the table's fixed up gaudy with the gilt-edged Chiny set, 
ell use the silver teapot and thecomp'ny spoons, you get; 
ere goin' ter have some fruit cake and some thimble- 
berry jam, 

riz biscuits " and some doughnuts, and some chicken 
and some ham. 
she II polergize like fury, and say everything is bad, 
' "sicli awful luck with cookin'," she is sure 
she never had; 
ifLourse, she's only bluffin', for its as prime 

as It can be, 
ihcsonly talkiii' that way 'cause the minis- 
ter's ter tea. 

tiflil m.irble and the 

It is further adorned by the lovely Chau- 
tauqua fountain presented by the County W. 
C. T. U. On th'e panels in the corridor arc 
carved the names of Unions and Societies which 
have given a hundred dollars or more to the erec- 
tion of the building. In the auditorium are carved 
the names of persons by Stales who have given the 
above sum Of more, also names in memoriam. The 
walls of the auditoriuin are formed entirely of deli- 
cately tinted Italian marble. It has thirteen win- 
dows. The Whittier clock in bronze, by Carl Rohl- 
Smith, ill memory, of the poet, Whittier, presented 
by the temperance people of America; Miss Wi 

Sanballatwith their follow-ing, as well as six years 
ot commercial disaster. 

The site upon which the Temple is built is one of 
the most desirable in Chicago. It is in the very 
heart of the banking business of the city. The Tem 
pie contains four great banks. With the immense 
growth of Chicago this property must increase great- 
ly m value and rents will advance accordingly. Be- 
fore another decade we may confidently expect the 
rent roll to run up to about S200,ooo a year If 
we have the building paid for by that time it should 
give us a net income of about S 100,000 a year 
The management of this princely income will be in 
the hands of eleven trustees as at present. The 
Board of Trustees is an incorporated body under 

rybody'ltbea-smilin'andasgoodas ever wuz, 
>on't growl about the viltles, like he generally 

he'll ask me would I like another piece er 

pie;bu^,'sli(vr course, is only manners, and I'm s'posed 

ter answer. " No." 
talk about the church work, and iibout the 

Sunday school, 
tell how she liked that sermon that was on 

the golden rule, 
'' I "Pset my tumbler they won't say a word 

ter me; 

"hoy can eat in comfort with the minister 
ter tea! 

' "''lister, you'd reckon, never'd say what 

ivasn't true; 
hal^Uniso with ours, and I jest can prove it, 

■""t" "'''^'^' ™ ""' "'^^^ ^° '■ "i^kes 
)"want ter die 

^-«-n,U,ys its lovely; and that, seems 



lard's bust, by Anne Whitney of Boston a Pifl to th7l r rlr " "" '"'^o-'PO'-ated body under 

t..e Temple ^ her -mirers^'an^r ^i^g^t!^ 1 1^: ^ ;::b:;;:^ th:t^^ c ^';5^^r:L j!;;^ 

idents of their respective State unions, 
one other is vice-president of her State 
and all the others hold official positions 
in the society. The building when paid 
for will be made a memorial to Miss Fran- 
ces E. Willard and will be named Willard 

r/u- Temple, La Snlk iV., Chicago. 

vish he'd 



">■ "VriLIr.^ u. CARSE. 

^'^^-^ corner oTTa Salle and Monroe 
ol'th, '"'^°' '''"''" => block and a 
tplc„t7',\°fT.-ade, stands'' The 
', ^f«'ed for the W. C. T U It 


't-SiirniiJir ".^f 'lEL 


fen IE 

'? °f the 

'''"'-•ss bloc! 
^- Th 

most beautiful and'impos- 

le St I ■ -America or the 

P'«sed bt^ck" ■'i'"'""''' ^°"''''' '■' '^ of granite 
front.,».., *'"' '"■•!> <:otta trimmings. It 

""Monr^. -■3°.f'=<='.on La Salle Street by 96 

"ce „„ l; "'^ ;^ 'hirteen stories 

-..'■"posing of ^''■'='=' is 25 X 24 feet and 

'"lly. tLi 

f*"«<l in Ri ■'"■■ 

°f whif r""'"'= '"°^«i<^ 
White Ital 

— high. The 
Street is 

massive granite, carved most 

opens into a magnificent rotun- 

. with walls and 

V .ea in , '^".'»arble. Eight large el- 

■""■■ side of K •"= '°P of 'he building. 

"'^'''I':- Wl "■otunda rise staircases of 

/*"'off7r„ ' "'"■ °" 'he first floor, is 

"■^f bei„„ °'" 'he rest of the I,„;ih;„„ the 

. fo 

paintings by Walter Crane, of London, represent 
Justice and Mercy, Temperance and Purity, are 
some of the art gems that adorn this beautiful audi- 
torium, which has a seating capacity of six hun- 
dred. A daily noon prayer meeting is held here of 
great power, for the salvation of the drunkard and 
the suppression of the liquor traflfic. 

The corner stone of the building was laid in 1890 
and it completed in 1892. The building cost Si, 
265,000. The building was ready for occupancy May. 
1892, just at the beginning of the hard times which 
prevailed for six years, and which ruined and jeop- 
ardized so many undertakings. The history of the 

,„ „ _ Temple since then has been a stormy one. 

th ""Sh acorriri'"'' ''''• '^he Hall is Like many another enterprise for the honor of 
'^"""g and Sid" '^° '^'^' ^°"^ ''y '^ f'='=' ''Od and the good of the world, it has had to stif- 
fs are in panels of beau- | fer from the jealousy and opposition of Tobias and 

'"ned in 





A BOV about ten years old went to the 
central police station in Kansas City, 
Kans., one day last week, leading a fine 
shepherd dog by a short piece of rope tied 
to his collar, relates the Kansas C\ty Slar. 
The boy's face was red and swollen and 
he was crying. 

"Well, well, well, what's the matter 
here?" asked a big policeman, stooping 
down and looking into the boy's face. 

It seemed like a long time before he 
could stop cr\ing. 

"Please, sir," he sobbed, "my mother is 
too poor to pay for a license for Shep, 
and I brought him here to have you kill 

Then he broke out with another wail 
that was heard all through the city build- 
ing. Shep stood there mute and motion- 
less, looking up into the face of his young 
master. A policeman took out his hand- 
kerchief to blow his nose and the desk 
sergeant went out into the hall, absent- 
mindedly whistling a tune which nobody 
ever heard before, while the captain re- 
membered that he must telephone some- 
body. Then Chief McFarland led the 
boy to the;door, and, patting him on the 
head, said kindly; 

"There, little fellow, don't cry any more; run 
home with your dog. I wouldn't kill a dog like 
Shep for a thousand dollars." 

"Oh, thank you, sir." They were tears of joy 

now. He bounded out into the street and ran off 

I towards his home with Shep prancing along and 

jumping up and trying to kiss the boy's face. It 

was hard to tell which was the happiest, the boy or 

the dog. 

1 ■ I 

Proper self-estimation is needful for tlue regula- 
tion of our efforts in relation to their ends. Under- 
estimation of self invoKes the letting slip of advan- 
tages that might have been gained. Ox'erestiniation 
of self prompts attempts which fail from want of 
due capacity. 

»»* THB » INGLENTOOK <■ ' » 

4 Coppespondence * 



Character building h;.s bi^en termed an art, 
rather than a science, tor in science one workman 
taking advantage of anollier's experiments can be- 
vhcre his predecessor stopped and contmue the 
eacli one must learn the rudi- 



task, while in art 

ments and start anew. 

It is a task involving great respnnsdjilit.c: 
upon which hinges our chance of happiness. Take 
for example, one of our great buildings that could 
not possibly have been constructed a quarter of a 
century ago, buildings so tall and so narrow .t 
seems that a gale must blow them over. Cast your 
eyes over the smooth surface of the outside wall- 
not a stone, not a brick varying a hairs breadth 
f,,,m the even surfaee^so the stones with which we 
build must be laid with care or the wall will be 

"'Architects view the work with admiration, the 
general public view it in wonder. By one brick at 
a time were the walls constructed, by one thought 
at a time are our characters formed. 

We inherit different traits of character. One is 
naturally generous, another selfish; one is kind, an- 
other cruel. While one is trying constantly to 
overcome envy, another labors equally as hard to 
overcome other faults. Some one has said, " You 
can often judge one's character by the people he 
does not know." 

If we could but recall the harsh word, the unkind 
look, the careless act, that grows strong in our 
memory; if we could but live our lives over again, 
the years during which the mistakes were made, 
how gladly we would avail ourselves of the privi- 
lege, but we know this cannot be done, and if we be 
wi^sc, we will take warning and avoid another un- 
pleasant recollection of the kind. 

Evil thoughts or deeds injure, even as pure 
thoughts, high aspirations and noble endeavors 
br.iiitify our characters. It been well said that 
"thoughts are deeds and may become crimes." 
The books we read, the people with whom we asso- 
ciate exert a powerful influence over us. We can- 
not be too particular in choosing either. Good 
books, and refined associates to whom honor is 
dear, and life is earnest, and by whom every oppor- 
tunity to do good is eagerly embraced, will help to 
build our characters well. 

A strong character! What a eulogy! A weak 
character! What a world of meaning is contained 
in the brief description, — some one lacking the 
courage of his conviction, swayed by every passing 
thought. We are judged by our daily walk! If 
we live uprightly, with a kind word for the helpless, 
a hand outstretched to uplift the fallen, our honesty 
of purpose will soon be easily seen and while en- 
vious tongues may assail us, our character will rise 
above all false representations, bringing shame upon 
our foes. 

A weak character is seldom attacked by the tra- 
ducer. Its possessor works his own destruction. 
"A weak man may sympathize with an abused child 
or animal, yet dare not lift his voice in their behalf, 
for fear of public opinion. The strong character 
marches boldly up to the offender, compels atten- 
tion, arrests the uplifted hand before the blow is 
struck, and, if reason will not prevail, depends upon 
the law to accord justice." 

When a weak man dies, a sigh is given for a life 
wasted, opportunities lost; when a strong character 
leaves us, genuine regret is felt, our hearts are 
touched— humanity has lost a friend. 

Cultivate all your best impulses, carry out all 
the plans for good that time, money and opportuni- 
ty afford. .Uah- your character strong; merit the 
respect of your fellowmen and, " as ye are strong, 
be merciful." 

of bad company, and stay at home at nights and 
read the Bible or some other good book. I would 
go to school and learn all I could. I would save up 
my money until I got enough, and then 1 would buy 
^ calf or a pig and raise some stock, so when be- 
came a man I would have something towards buy- 
ing me a home. I would remember my Creator 
and learn to live a Christian life in my youthful 
days.— C/w.!. M. Yearoiil. 

• « • 
Circumstances influence our lives greatly, but 
with the same surroundings I would be the same 
h.ippy, contented country girl trying to become ac- 
complished in every detail of the home-making art, 
which Newton declared to be the "truest and most 
practical of knowledge." My educational advan- 
tages I would deem precious, improve my time well 
and read as many good books as possible. I would 
give my heart to Jesus while young and try to 
spend my life in his service. My experience in 
commencing this good work at the age of thirteen 
has ever been a source of joy and inspiration to 
me I realize that God's promised blessings have 
been mine by first seeking his righteousness. I 
would be careful to obey my parents, and my duty 
should ever be my pleasure, with an aim to reach 
my highest ideal of true womanhood.-.W-t. G. L. 

a mandarin of the highest rank if h. 
successive examinations, but it is not so 

e can 

known that the highest rank wi 
er from punishment in case h 
crime or misdemeanor. The v 

not save 

Well, girls, I can tell you of one thing 1 would do 
if I had my school-life to live over again. I would 
study my arithmetic lessons more than I did and 
put less time on other studies that I liked better. I 
would not live so much in a world of imagination— 
in short, I would be more careful to store my mind 
with all mcfiil knowledge. While I enjoyed all in- 
nocent, youthful good times of life, I would shun 
all evil company even more than 1 did. And I 
would cherish my Bible and a life of fellowship 
with Christ, as the only golden, happy way on earth. 
A varied and long experience of life teaches me 
that I can give you no better wish than this, "Re- 
member now thy Creator in the days of thy youth." 
— Fanny Morrmv. 

1 wouLli keep_company with good people, and in 
my undertakings would consult with those who have 
been successful and pay attention to what they say. 
It helps over many hard places. I would begin at 
once to collect a library and read the books as they 
come in my possession. 1 would collect all useful 
bits of information and gems of poetiy from papers 
and arrange them in a scrapbook. The street and 
all loafing places are a bad school and Irays who at- 
tend are on the road to ruin. Evenings should be 
spent at home in study or work of some kind. I 
would avoid all bad habits— especially strong drink, 
tobacco and profanity. 1 would go to school all 
that were possible, and get a good education. 
When I had made choice of a trade or profession I 
would stick to it. I would always think of God as 
being good and kind, and thank him for all my 
blessings and pray for his help in all I wished to do. 
I would read the Bible, attend church and Sunday 
school. I would be industrious, clever, sociable and 
courteous and be tidy in dress and habits. Be al- 
ways truthful and honest. Such boys always get 
good places and never need go begging for posi- 
tions.— /<7j. A. Sell. 


-■ '5 guilty „f 
"^sroy may bt \ 
headed or degraded as well as the lowest offi 

Not long ago there was a disastrous flood ? 
Yellow River district, and the director genera' ' 
gested that the officers in charge of the distr' *? 
degraded for not taking proper precautions; bn'.r 
was deemed too light a punishment, and thedci 
officials were ordered to be exposed ij ,', 
" cangue" along the river banks. The sub.p,ei 
and mayor of Shang-an, the assistant dei)af[„ 
magistrate of Cheng-chou, and the lieutc n.u,. 
second sergeant of the station below Chun. 
were thus punished. 

The cangue, or wooden collar, which these uni 
tunate officials were condemned to wear, is ,, i,- 
heavy square of wood, opening so as i<, 
the prisoner's neck to enter. From the idhj 
put on, it is not removed till the term of senitt 
has expired— a time varying from a fortnight 
three months. 

During the whole time the prisoner cammi 
down or rest with any comfort, and duiin. 
he is placed in a conspicuous place, with 
and offense written in large characters on i,,, j, 
wooden collar, that all passers-by may read. 

The compassionate people occasionally feed 
victim, as it is impossible for him to reacli his h 
with his hand; but the gamins tickle him with sir 
and otherwise annoy him. 




I WOULD Stay at home and work for father and 
mother, and treat everybody kindly. I would go to 
Sunday school and church, and learn all I could 
about Jesus and his salvation. I would always 
speak the truth, and try to have everybody love me, 
because I would love everybody. 1 would keep out 

I WOULD seek to do the good part in everything, 
as opportunities come. I would spend no time in 
building air castles of glory and renown in the high 
positions, but improve the golden opportunities 
that come to me daily. I have observed that good 
boys make good men. I would seek an education 
sufficient to make me, useful in the instruction of 
the common classes. I would study human nature 
with the divine will, and put my whole being in the 
work of helping the needy of the lower walks of 
life. Help up would be my w-atchword. I would 
study to know self, and guard against evil ambition 
and evil habits. I would never seek military glory. 
I would seek the respect and the counsel of good 
old men. Boys, be wise. God bless you. — A. \V. 

The following story would not, in all probabil 
be understood by the most of our readers wiH 
some explanation of the meaning of the term ■ 
erick. A good many years ago, when the ti; 
business was not so systematized as it is at prcsti 
certain Captain Maverick crossed the plains, <l 
ing in with a few cattle and coming out at the or 
end with a great many. He simply appropns 
Overy unbranded animal he met. Thus it ranirt 
the taking of a calf or~other-anijnat, not mji' 
came to be called mavericking. An unbrandei 
mal is a maverick, and to claim it is to niavm 
Rev. Cyrus Townsend Brady, giving his" 
riences as "A Missionary in the Great West," i 
of the baptism of a little daughter of a liiicf 
owner in the Indian territory. "In ourbapH: 
service we sign those who are baptized withtht 
of the cross," he explains, "and when the lilH' 
returned to school after the baptism the chu 
pressed her with hard questions, desiring toU 
what that man with the ■ nightgown' on liad'- 
and if she were now different from what slu 
been before. She tried to tell them that* 
been made a ' member of Christ, the child «' 
and an inheritor of the kingdom of heaven, 
not succeed in expressing the situation vel^; 
and they pressed her for a clearer cNP 
Finally, when she had exhausted every oin 
she turned on them, her eyes flashm!,' thr^^.- 
tears. 'Well,' she said, lapsing into the >^^ 
'I will tell you. Iwasalittle"maveria 
and the man put Jesus' brand on my loi^^,^^^ 
when he sees me running wild on the p 
know that 1 am his little girl.' " 

, pj.£e 'l,Q^ 

What is called Zona Libra, or the <r ^^^ 
strip of Mexican territory extending ^, 

der from the Gulf of Mexico to the 
and twelve miles wide. It was «" , ^,S 
ued by the governor oft" 

by a decree 
Tamaulipas in order 

to guard the trad' 
the northern frontier of Mexico, 

protected by any laws 
crce the inhabitants of thi 

then in 








Thev do about e\'erything in China in a very pe- 
culiar way, and in nothing are they so original as in 
their punishments. Most American boys know that 
promotion in China is strictly according to merit, 
and that the poorest boy in the empire may become 

limits are 


.J 10' 

free of duty, though under struigt 
goods for their own consumption- ^ ^^^^ p^,. 

gent ''S" 

within the prescribed 

own consumpt 

stored in bond within the ""'''* °'ii,ds«'' 
but if taken out and transported ''^^g„|3il; 
and into the interior of Mexico, t n^^^ ^^^^^, 
lished duties prescribed by MeM ■ 

be paid. . ,,, 

- . W' 

He only is advancing in li'^ " °* ^^,,,,1(1 
ing softer, whose blood is b"°"'.V, „e 
brain is acting quicker, whose s|'i 
living peace. — Ruskin. 


»»!■ THE » INGLENOOK »»» 


_^ flatape *^ Study -^ 


'^ \mE EUn (ULrtUS AilERlCANA). 

f^^pc with which the streets of our 
AMONG tne trees wi 

.. jj there are none more numerous and 
"• Tl 'a"nd affording a pleasanter shade to the 
!«"" " ,|,,^n the elm tree. Not only with us is 
'^'*'^ '' favorite, but it is carefully cultivated in 

'" w parts of the United States, and in many 
"''if' Furor"- The elm is the sovereign tree of 
„ England, 


oi Europe 

and is a characteristic feature of her 

Tt^eaTly settlers of New England nearly always 

, ju elm tree in front of their houses, and, 

Mvi'igh no' "''^"y °^ "''^^^ charming old houses 

^ ' ' . extant, wherever we see one we are almost 

""find it accompanied by its elm, standing up- 

,l„. green open space that slopes up to it in 

I and waving its arms in melancholy grandeur 

. tiie venerable habitation which it seems to 

taken under its protection, while it droops 

sorrow over the infirmities of its old compan- 

,( a century." 

The oreat beauty of the elm is due partly to the 

,nins''character of its boughs, and partly to the 

■ioged appearance of its drooping branches. 

'hesc peculiarities give to it a distinctive grace, en- 

blingany one to recognizethe tree, even at night, or 

iivinter. It has beautiful proportions. In old trees 

cially, from the wide-spreading, buttresslike 

jots to the wider-spreading branches, the curvature 

.lutiful and graceful in the e.xtreme. The Amer- 

clni has long pendulous branches, and a trunk 

three to five feet in diameter, and it grows 

liity, fifty, and even seventy feet without branches. 

erfectly straight, and then divides into two or 

lore branches, which repeatedly divide and spread. 

In wet pastures or similar moist places it sends 

I a tall, slender trunk, crowned with a few limbs, 

id clothed nearly from the ground with a feathery 

estment of small branches, which are scarcely 

ore than leafy bunches of twigs, and presents a 

rand and striking appearance. As Dr. O. W. 

.olmes so beautifully expresses it: ^ 

Wlien the broad elm, sole mistress of the plain, 
Whose circling shadow speaks a century's reign, 
Wreathes in the clouds her regal diadem, 
A forest waving on a single stem. 

The elm is not planted for timber, but for shade, 
id It grows very rapidly. It is very hardy, though 
imctimes the young trees are attacked by borers 
hich destroy whole rows of them. The long, slen- 
. exposed trunks of the elms offer a fine harbor 
' insects. Although the American elm grows 
lontancously in fields and is very readily planted, 
IS a native of the forest. 

The flowers of the elm tree appear before the 
>«s, and even the winged fruit is mature before 
«" full expansion. The leaves are alternate and 
'"," '''stinct rows, have short stems, and are very 
"8li and unsymmetrical. The flowers are very 
^i«le and are in little bunches. The bark of the 

roil!^"^™"^''' ^''"^ "'"''«'■ '5 very tough and 
^^"g. and is not easily split. It is used for the 
/th°e.!!T'* 3_nd for the parts of ships always un 


water. Its peculiarity is that if it is kept al- 
,1, "''' "'■ ='>vays dry it will last a long time, but 

lted"r'^''' "'^' ^"'^ ^''^' " "'" ^°°" ^<^^^y- It '5 
or Its toughness, which has been made mem- 
7' l-y Holmes in h 

''Hoss Shay.' 

' niade 

IS poem, " The Wonderful 
We readily recall that the dea- 

Usl J "' '°^^ '""^ ""= " settler's ellum," 
Nev, "' l""ber-they couldn't sell em; 

rheir Ki ^^*^*'^*^^ ^^"^ from between their lips, 
niunl ends frizzled like celery lips. 

»"ld be 

white elm 

grows readily from seeds, which 

^ own as soon as ripe, and may be gath 
J i,°|j'°'^' '"y clesirable quantity from the 

Idsotci^*^ ^""^rican elm there are many other 


""iful foi 


°r red elm is rather small, but ha 

* ""od isTf,"! '!."'' *"''■ ''°"'ny. rusty-haired buds, 
d reddish, and it has the well- 
inner bark used in medicine 

1°*" mucii '"''^'' ""'' reddish, and it has the well- 

■ *ahoo or • 

ig thirtv f *'"^'^'' ='™ is small, seldom ex- 
"^Ijle woQ^ '-''=' '" height. It has fine-grained 
■ "nd is to be found in Virginia and 

southward. It has little projections of corky mate- 
rial on the sides, from which it derives the name 
'• winged." The English elm is often seen here and 
is a stately tree, contrasting finely with its American 
cousin. Its branches are unlike those of the Ameri- 
can elm in that they tend upward or spread out 
more horizontally, and its foliage is of a darker 
green and more pleasing to the eye. 

The wych elm or Scotch elm has been partially 
introduced here. It is much cultivated in Scotland 
and resembles the slippery elm. 


"Here is the American form of that remarkable 
plant which the South African Dutch use for catch- 
ing flies." 

Professor J. M. Macfarlane, of the University of 
Pennsylvania, who made the remark quoted, was 
making a tour of inspection of the greenhouses just 
back of the Botanical Laboratory. As he spoke he 
reached out and touched an odd looking potted 
plant which sprouted tendrils in place of ordinary 
leaves. Each tendril emitted a colorless viscous 
fluid, which hung on the points like beads of sweat 
on a man's' brow. When Professor Macfarlane 
touched one of the beads it clung to his finger tip 
like thin mucilage; the tendrils, too, immediately 
bend inward towards a common centre with a 
strange clutching motion. Then, finding nothing to 
clutch, they resumed their former position. 

"This is a sensitive plant," continued Professor 
Macfarlane. "This particular species grows i 
New Jersey. It is small, as you see, but in th 
Transvaal the plants grow quite large, and th 
Boers hang it up in their houses to catch the many 
insect pests that inhabit the region. It becomes 
full of insects after a while. The owner then takes 
it out to a trough or pail and rinses it off. The im- 
prisoned flies, most of them dead, of course, are re 
leased by a good shaking in water, and the fly 
catcher is ready for use again. There now is a lit 
tic midge just caught in one of the fronds." 

It was true. A little green fly floated down 
through the air, attracted undoubtedly by the shin- 
ing beads »f liquor. It hovered above the 
moment and then settled on one. Instantly it was 
struggling and trying to jerk away its legs, held 
tenaciously by the treacherous juice. Perhap: 
might have succeeded, but the tendrils reached up 
and closed in on it from all sides much as one 
would imagine the death-dealing spikes of the " Iron 
Maiden " closed in on the helpless criminal of the 
middle ages. In a moment the midge was dead. 

"These plants will go on catching flies like that 
until there is almost no room for more insects," re- 
marked Professor Macfarlane. "A curious result of 
this is that the plant suffers with indigestion, and 
has to be treated accordingly, if it is to be brought 
back to its usual standard." 

He walked over to another plant and pinched it 
on the tip of the topmost leaf. This plant was 
shaped like a miniature palm, each stem carrying a 
leaf composed of rows of grass-like blades. Almost 
as soon as he touched them the first pair of blades 
snapped together, then the next pair followed suit, 
then the next pair and so on down the length of 
the frond. When they had all come together the 
whole frond suddenly bent at right angles near the 
main trunk of the plant and dropped downward. 
As soon as it dropped the nerve force which has 
been animating it was communicated to the frond 
nearest to it, and that one repeated the general per- 
formance of the first. And so it went until nearly 
the' whole plant had closed up in a manner like an 
umbrella. Fifteen minutes afterward, when the ir- 
ritating effects of the pinch had thoroughly disap- 
peared, the plant went through a series of move- 
ments the reverse of those just mentioned: in other 
woi'ds it slowly opened. Professor Macfarlane then 
picked up a long tubular glass jar and held it up to 
the light. It was filled with tendrils and roots. 

" Last October," he said, " I filled this jar with 
water, and then, having snipped off a single leaf of 
one of our sensitive plants, I placed it on the sur- 
face of the water. The plant was one that grows 
on land, that is, it was not an aquatic species. 
Here is the result. Is it not remarkable?" 

He lifted the leaf from the jar, and the tendril- 
like roots trailed after it. When he held the leaf at 
arm's length the roots nearly touched the floor. 
They were four feet long. 

"■Those roots," said Professor Macfarlane, " grew 

down to that length in five months; that is over 
three-quarters of a foot a month. Something of a 
prodigy, is it not?" 


" Do I think dogs can reason?" said the man who 
owns several fine ones. "Well, I have recently 
heard of two authentic instances which I will tell 
you of and let you judge for yourself. Both are 
Massachusetts dogs, and possibly the high intellect- 
uality of that State has something to do with it, but 
whether or not, you may determine for yourself. 
The first is about a bulldog owned by Arthur Shep- 
ard, a well-known clubman of Boston who owns, be- 
sides the bulldog, a Danish boar hound of large size 
and good fighting qualities. The bulldog is consid- 
erable of a fighter him.self, but, like most bulldogs, 
if he can't get his under hold he is likely to get 
licked. One day Mr. Shepard was out with the 
bulldog and in the course of their rambles the bull- 
dog met a dog that walloped him thoroughly. Mr. 
Shepard took him home in his cart and fifteen min- 
utes later when he went out to see after him he was 
gone and with him the boar hound, the dogs being 
excellent friends and companions. Nothing could 
be learned of the whereabouts of the dogs then, but 
in an hour or so they both turned up looking as if 
they had had some active business to attend to. 
Ml-. Shepard at once concluded that the bulldog had 
informed his friend, the boar hound, of what had 
happened to him and they had gone off together to 
even up with the victor. Of course, the dogs hadn't 
anything to say, but Mr. Shepard went to the place 
where his bulldog had been whipped and there he 
learned that the two dogs had been there and had 
thrashed the offending dog almost to the point of 
death. Then they had disappeared together. If 
that wasn't reason what was it? 

"The other instance occurred in Palmer, Mass., 
where ' Crackle ' Burns owns a fine mauve-colored 
Great Dane. This dog has been for some time ac- 
customed to act as escort for the children of W. E. 
McDonald, treasurer of the Flint Construction 
Company, on their way to school. It wasn't his 
family business, but the children were friends of his 
and he took them to school every morning. One 
morning, as they were going merrily along, a big 
St. Bernard belonging to Frank Roach showed up 
and the Great Dane instantly was on his guard. 
He did not make any attempt to fight the intruder, 
who came growling around, but with his tail and 
back up he kept walking all about the children to 
protect them from attack on any side and seemed 
to be trying to hurry them out of any possible dan- 
ger. The children were willing enough to move 
along, and, with the dog still circling around them, 
they reached the schoolhouse. There the dog wait- 
ed till the last one got safely in, and, with a relieved 
look on his face and another look not exactly of re- 
lief, he trotted back down street a block or two 
to where the St. Bernard was still occupying the 
sidewalk, scratching up the gravel with his hind 
feet and otherwise enjoying what seemed to him to 
be a victory. But it wasn't for long. As soon as 
the Great Dane got within reach he went at the St. 
Bernard and was mopping up the sidewalk with 
him when he broke his assailant's hold and ran 
away as fast as he could. Then the Great Dane 
went on to his home, apparently much pleased 
with himself. Again I ask if that wasn't reason 

what was it? " 

■ • ■ 


There is a rabbit craze in Southern California. 
The people around Los Angeles ha\'e taken to 
breeding Belgian hares, and it is expected that big 
fortunes will be made. Rabbit is to be canned and 
its juicy meat otherwise disposed of, its pelt is to be 
made into sealskin sacques, its fur into hats and 
other things are to be done with it. There are 6oo 
" rabbitries " around Los Angeles already and over 
6o,000 high-grade rabbits. 


The largest insect known is the elephant beetle 
of Venezuela. It sometimes attains a weight of 
a half pound. 

To be perfectly proportioned a man should weigh 
twenty-eight pounds for every foot of his height. 

»»» THK » INGLENOOK » » » 




Al a. .nd w So«(h Sl;,tc Sl,c,-,. 1- iKi.i. ra,n„is I'.ic. S..CO . VMt. II is 
• high E-ade p„... lor l.lgl. e.«A- !..■>> -"<i l!"l> »l'° 'T'" «°°'^ '"'""»' 
iNrLENOOK vanls contiihi.lit.n», brighl. »cll »rtli™ ami of scnctal Intircjl, 
No lovt slorki or any ~ilh kllllns or crutlty In llicm will l.c con.idcrcd. I 
yon want your arllclcs, II not available, send .lan.pod and ad- 
drrasod tnvdopc. Send mbserliillons. arllclcs and everything Intended lor 
THii INGLENOOK. to the following address: 

Bkethken riiiiusHiNf. Mouse. Klgin. Illinois. 

Entered al the Post Office .it Elgin. 111., a. Second-class Matter. 


Nearly every boy and girl of ii.ttural tastes anci 
tendencies would like to own a library of their own. 
There is nothing easier, and once it is begun it is a 
m.ntter of steady growth. Those of our readers who 
follow the stories that are being printed in The 
iNCLENOOK.from time to time, of what grown people 
would do had they their youth to live over again, 
must have noticed the fact that many of them refer 
to reading and the selection of a librai-y. Now it is 
a comparatively easy task if it is understood properly. 
In the first place nobody can choose books for an- 
other. There are certain volumes that can be recom- 
mended, but that it goes as a fact that all people 
ought to like certain books and read them is not 
true. I'eoplc arc of different tastes, and just as they 
prefer different articles of food, so they prefer dif- 
ferent intellectual menus. 

The rule is to choose that which is best liked, and 
in which there is an interest. The natural tenden- 
cies of youth in a book way is in the direction of the 
•■ penny dreadful." The dime novel and the trash 
similar, is chosen, often because the buyer does not 
know that there is something better, and equally in- 
teresting. A young person revels in the romantic 
and the impossible. There is just as good and en- 
tertaining reading in the line of truth, and as inter- 
esting as the novel, only it is not as readily acces- 
sible to the boy. He sees the flashy, cheap and un- 
wholesome flimsy, in the window of the cigar store 
and he is led to buy it and read it surreptitiously, 
when if he knew that there are good books, just as 
cheap, he would likely get thi;m. 

This is where the parent can come in and quietly 
provide the best and leave it lying around where the 
young people can get it. They will do all the rest. 
And it must be remembered that what is provided 
must not be too heavy. Young people are young in 
mind as well as in years, and the fact should be re- 

vate the habit. It will enable us to leave the world 
better than we ha\e found it when the call comes to 
go home. 


The seamy side, that is, the rough inside, is usual- 
ly concealed from view, and especially is it the case 
in town and city life as seen by the country boy or 
girl who walks the streets. Ordinarily the best is 
seen and the rest is imagined to be better than the 

Now the facts are that the town or city presents 
certain advantages that are manifest to all thinking 
people. It is there that public libraries, lectures, 
parks, etc., are found, and these are a great boon to 
those who take advantage of them. There are bet- 
ter immediate helps in town than in the country. 

But there are also disadvantages that do not ap- 
pear so prominently. The worst of it is out of sight. 
There is the ever increasing rent, as the days go by, 
the lack of privacy, the open or disguised presence 
of evil in all its shades, and there is expense at ev- 
ery turn. All the open, healthful freedom of the 
country is wanting. Town people buy "in dribs, and 
the abundance and to spare of the home out in the 
open of God's own country is unknown. Man has 
made the town, and it is a pretty good job, but God 
made the country, and it is advised that all Ingle- 
nook readers stay on the old homestead." There is 
more real satisfaction there, after all. 






Things are never so bad that they might not be 
worse. It is best to look on the bright side of 
things. Il,can be cultivated as a habit. And it can 
beconre a habit to be eternally snarling at our sur- 
roundings. Now between these two conditions 
there is no doubt but that the sunny side is the best 
one to take. There are some people whose habit of 
looking on the bright side of things endears them 
to all who know them. They are welcome visitors 
wherever they go, and when they take their leave 
we stand in the door and wish there were more like 
them. And there are those of the other kind, and 
the less we say abiyut them tht; belter for every- 

It is true that the clouds are sometimes dark, and 
the sky is forbidding, but it is also true thai there 
are more days when the sun shines and the birds 
sing. It is so entirely possible for us to go through 
life with a singing heart that it is recommended to 
every reader that attempt be matle to cultivate it. 
There are some things that are pretty hard to see 
the sunny side of, such as death and the loss of our 
friends that have passed over ahead of us. But 
after all they are better off than we are, and it is a 
thing to rejoice over. The story is one of victory, 
even if it is desolation for a time. 

The world is so much better by our seeing its 
beauties and hearing its best music, and they are 
everywhere, that it is well worth the effort to culti- 

John The BaptUt. 

As everybody knows John the Baptist was the im- 
mediate forerunner of Christ. His work was to pre- 
pare the way for the reception of Christ and he did 
this by keeping himself in the background and ex- 
horting his hearers to prepare for the One who was 
to come after him. He baptized those who repent- 
ed of their sins, with water, but assured them that 
this Onewho was to follow would 'iaptize them 
with the Holy Ghost. He compared Christ to a 
great light shining into the darkness of the world 
but the darkness perceived it not. That is, the 
hearts of men were so darkened by sin that they 
could not perceive the goodnessof God and the bless- 
ed promises to come to them through Christ, his Son. 
But now he assured them that all who would receive 
Christ, when he came in person, would be given 
power to also become the sons of God. This, then, 
was the message of John in the wilderness of Judea, 
and how many persons have since received the 
blessed Light! 

Now I want to talk about the message that we as 
Christians have to hear. Did you ever think about 
how much like the message of John the Baptist it 
is? Well, it is the same message exactly, only we 
carry it to the individual heart instead. Each human 
heart is naturally full of darkness and we prepare 
the way for the Light to enter it by testifying of 
that Light. Like John, if we are successful, we 
keep ourselves in the background and put Christ 
foremost. And also when the Light begins to break 
in on the darkened heart and the sinnner repents we 
baptize him with water and Christ baptizes him with 
the Holy Ghost. What a privilege it is that we 
may thus prepare the way of the Lord as the man 
from the wilderness preached to the world so many 
years ago! 

boys. Street boys, alley boys, schoolbov 
"pet" boys were present- The noise th 
made between talks was nothing short f^ 
They were quiet, however, and showed an ' 
of interest when they were told how a small c 
fought a big boy to save an alley cat from t°* 
There was patient listening to the tale of a hl°" 
pluck)' defense of its nest. '' 

The boys seemed to get awakened quickl 
fact that the living bird or squirrel is of niucV 
interest than the same creature after the si" 
has done its work. Some people might th C" 
certain inevitable consequences of this mer 
were disagreeable. If they are the teachers' 
promoters of the anti-cruelty lessons 
make no sign." 

One of these inevitable consequences is that 
ing declared themselves the friends of the we I, 
suffering creatures, the directors of the worL- 
themselves the recipients of many a stray st 
cat or dog which the scholars have picked up a, ' 
the city's ash heaps. Boys are shrewd, and that'' 
not the slightest doubt that the first homeless jr' 
mal was turned over to the teachers with a vi™ 
testing their sincerity. They have stood the it? 
A single look of aversion or disgust when the^up" 
ing and not overclean dog was presented for nj. 
tection would have forever lost the cause oftheaol 
cruelty promoters. At the last meeting o( it. 
North Side Band of Mercy there was spirited }t.i 
ding for the privilege of taking home a wanduni 

It is the intention ultimately to form classes In 
sections of the city. It is superfluous to speak of: 
excellence of the work. It is one of the best i! 
can be undertaken. The reward for those tvho /:. 
engaged in it lies wholly in the twice blessedness 
the quality of mercy. 


An interesting little paper. — Eva B. Mrnmlt. 
Success to The Inglenook. — Dan'l Vamma, 
We wish it unbounded success. — C. L Pnigh. 
A lo\'ely little paper .— Lil/ic Raffcmbtricr. 
Just such a paper as should be in every home 
Mary C. Adams. ^^^^^^^^^_ 

If the Inglenook was in every home the pto 
who read it would be benefited and helped in ni' 
ways. All church organizations, some of them!. 
er in numbers than our own beloved Fraternity, *• 
their youth's papers, and they all recognize llif 
portance of correctly providing for the enteri- 
ment of the young. It is rapidly becoming llie 
uation with us, and this publication should t' 
every home in which the Missciigcr is read, 
people like to read it, and there can be no bcM 
of the small sum of money that it costs than 1»'' 
it to some young person as a gift. A great » 
people arc doing this, and doubtless manyabor 
girl are rendered happy and helped eaclnvef 
perusal of its columns. 

All the world, all that we are, and .ill iW 
have, our bodies and our souls, our actinn>' 
sufferings, our conditions at home, our "'^ ^^^ 
abroad, our many sins and our seldom ^'"'"^'V, 
many arguments to make our souls dwei 
valley of humility.— /orwy Taylor. 


With a view of doing what they can to make anti- 
cruelty societies unnecessary in the future, some 
Chicago women have started the work of teaching 
the beauty of the quality of mercy to the city's 
children. The organizers proceed on the accepted 
theory that there is in every child a natural interest 
in animals. As the President of the anti-cruelty so- 
ciety puts it, "This interest, misdirected, shows it- 
self in a desire to trap, torment, or kill, but, directed 
aright, it quickly becomes love of nature, coupled 
with a desire to protect the weaker animals." Al- 
though the work is new, some idea of its extent may 
be had from the fact that at the last meeting of the 
last " mercy class" formed there were present 266 

Prosperitv too often has the '^"''•' '|,'„iai( 
Christian that a calm at sea has on a Du <:^^_^^^ 
who frequently, it is said, in those '^"■'^^^;|„; 
tics up the rudder, gets drunk, and goes 
Bishop Home. 

If you happen to get a couple "' •^^^"'' |t,i,i 
that we would bu 


I coF 

the mail it is a sig 

have you give them out as soon as p' 

you wish- 

You can 

also take 




Thev that deny a God destroy mai>s^"^'J^,.„ 

certainly man is like the bi 
he is not like God in hi 
creature. — Bacon. 

:asts in his 

he IS •"" 


In these days of flashy and wor^t^ ^-^^^^^ 
there is nothing quite equal to a clea . 
put before the young. ■^f 

He that idly loses five shilbnS" "°|,„ilv*' 
loses five shillings, and might as P^^^^^^,j,. 
five shillings into the sea.— A''!/"""" 

'** THE » INGLENOOK »»» 

jyiethods of Procedure in 

Calliogsj o'^ liife Work. 



■ a surprise to most people how easily the use 
,'^ typewriter may be acquired. Many a girl will 
ot a yv ^^_^ „r,T^n or niano. and jjo through the 

sit down to 

the organ or piano, and 

tials necessary to play a piece of music who 
"*7d shrink from the task of letter writing on the 
"°"h' e And yet of the two, the writing machine 
""much the easier to learn. I am speaking now of 
'l mple operation of the machine, and not of its 
'^essful use as a profession. What is wanted in a 
^"ofessional typewriter is rapidity and accuracy, 
'"upled with correctness in spelling and punctua- 
lioii and in some lines ability in composition. The 
reason of this is that no typewriter has brains of its 
vn and what it says is invariably in obedience to 
"he touch of its operator. For instance, if the oper 
ator has in his mind to say " suppose " and happens 
to put his fingers down on the letters e-x-p-o-s-e 
the machine says "expose" every time. Or, if at 
the end ol a sentence a figure 5 is struck, instead of 
a period, the machine records it that way. Likewise 
if the ra.ichine st-t-t-tatters it is through no fault of 
its own. The idea I wish to convey is that the person 
who cannot speak or write correctly cannot look for 
his faults to be overcome by putting his thoughts 
through the typewriter as wheat is winnowed from 
Ithe cliaff through the fanning mill. But anyone 
Iwho can write an ordinary letter correctly, or pre- 
'pare an article for the press, can become a success- 
ful typewriter, the degree of his success depending 
'upon rapidity of execution. 

In till- use of the typewriter the operator's atten- 
Ition is given principally to the keyboard, other de- 
tails of its use being of minor importance after a 
tew minutes' practice. To get the idea of the key- 
board in general take a sheet of paper about the size 
of one page of the ordinary Sunday-school Teacher's 
Bible and with a pencil mark on it about forty cir- 
:les the size of a copper cent. Then label these 
rings plainly, each with a letter of the alphabet, no 
letters repeated, and with punctuation marks, etc., 
and you ha\e a fair picture of the typewriter key- 
board. Now then suppose you wish to write the 
word " calf," look at the keyboard and when your eye 
sights the letter c, place the end of your finger on the 
circle it is in, press downward and lo, the imaginary 
typewriter has printed c on the paper. Now raise 
yom- finger and when the key is released the ma- 
rline pl.ices itself in position to print the next letter 
"liich in this word is a. Hunt up a and press it 
Jown as you did c, when a is printed. Repeat this 
»ilh the letters I and f and there you have the word 
tail, pruited clear and plain. Now that is practical- 
ly all there is of typewriting, and the person who is 
young enough to remember how he toiled to get 
'« little crooked marks together in the Spencerian 
system of penmanship will be ready to take the 
"iKhiiic as being easier to learn, as it is. Rapidity 
" "iiting depends entirely upon how quickly you 
" so over the letters you want to print, and when 
[°" ''^"" where they are in the keyboard the work 
""" 'becomes mechanical. That is you strike the 
">l'e' letters from force of habit and without 
"""l-'ig. Som 


e operators have attained a speed of 
per minute. 

' one hundred and forty 

Ker • * '^''"?'' '° "^"y stenographers. Fifty words 
ho i'""'*^,'^ doing well, however, and the person 
■nlhT """ "'^^'^'^ '""^ spells and punctuates and 
■m,'i ^""'™»t"eally as he goes along can find ready 
X?^""' for his services. 

ler lo 1°"^^ °' ^ "i^ehine is a very important mat- 
tiari, ^ '^^'■ner in typewriting. Little one-handed 

('•■indard "'''"' ^°''' '°'' ^'5 ^^e to be avoided. 

I Sl^ '""'^'''"es usually sell in the neighborhood 
ir less",?^'''"'' '^'"' °f'en be bought second haniled 

Iniach ''*" ''"'■ '""''^^- Almost all stand- 

"es excel in one or more points, and while 

owner of ' 


! "'^-^dehis 


machine is certain he has the best 

"ain tK " "'" "^'Sbbor across the hall is just as 
... . "3* h' 


"IS own, of a different make, is better. 


't mau k '^ sentiment or warped judgmcn 
,,. "yoetrue. F„, :.„. 1 

'""ess of 

For instance, one make excels i 

itts, anmi'""'^'' °f 'he keys, another in strength of 


'"'her in '^"^ '" '■^''S"ment, or exactness of stroke, 

"'elie„,..™*"''o'ding and stencil work. The writ- 

I'is machine will do as perfect work 

twenty years from now as at present, with fair 
usage, and there are standard machines that will be 
laid up in half this time. Whatever machine is 
chosen, however, is the one to keep, as it is impos- 
sible to use different makes interchangeably with 
the same success. The keyboards and general 
workings may be similar but there is a different 
touch in the various makes that invariably hinders 
mechanical execution. 

There is also a typewriter that is different from 
all others and it is made especially for writing in 
books. Operators for this machine arc scarce, and 
the person who has a good chance to learn on a ma- 
chine of this kind will do well to take it and seek 
employment in that line. These machines are used 
especially in county and government offices. 

Stenography is a valuable and almost necessary 
adjunct to typewriting as a profession, unless the 
operator is sufficiently skilled to take dictation on 
the machine. It is a help at any rate, and the two 
are usually taught in the same course.* 

* The above contribution, one of our regular series of arti- 
cles, is by Bro. John E. .\Iohler, who has prepared most of his 
contributions to our literature on a machine with which he is 
an e-xpert operator, having taught himself to use it with but 
little assistance. 


The adage that " to the \ictors belong the spoils," 
works well with nations who have been successful 
in war. In her war with China Japan had only 80, 
000 men engaged, and the war cost her altogether 
the comparati\'e trifle of 330,000,000. China had 
to pay her afterward the nice little sum of 8185,000,- 
000, leaving a profit of 3155,000,000 which reckon- 
ing the time the war lasted, worked out a profit of 
S50 per Jap a week, says the Army and Navy 

Sixty years ago, when England was at logger- 
heads with China, she made a profit of Sio,ooo,ooo as 
the result of nearly three years' fighting. This was 
not such a good haul as the Japanese had, but, re- 
garding war as a business for the moment, it gave 
on this occasion an excellent percentage of profit, 
for Englailld's expenditure came only to Si 1,000,000. 

Germany's war with France cost Germany roughly 
about 3575,000,000. The government voted S300,- 
000,000 of this for expenses, and the pensions which 
she had to pay afterward to her disabled soldiers cost 
her 325,000,000. To these items has to be added 
3250,000,000 for the loss sustained by her million 
soldiers being taken away from their occupations. 
On the other side we find France paying up an in- 
demnity at the finish of 31,000,000,000, and even 
this huge amount by no means represents the total 
of Germany's receipts. Alsace and Lorraine, which 
she captured from the enemy, are valued at S320,- 
000,000; she took general goods home with her to 
the value of 350,000,000, another 35,000,000 in rail- 
way carriages and engines, and she got 3150,000,000 
worth of food and clothing for her army while in 
France, giving the French tradesmen " requisition," 
or receipts, which were handed at the close of the 
war to their own governments, who paid up accord- 

Add to all this the $60,000,000 which Germany re- 
ceived as interest on the indemnity before it was all 
paid, and we get 31.585,000,000 as her war receipts. 
Subtracting her loss of 3575,000,000, we find her 
with a clear profit of considerably over 3 1,000,000, - 
000. It was not long before this war with France 
that Germany squeezed an indemnity of 341,759,000 
out of Austria after only a month of war. 

Russia would like luck such as this, for all her ex- 
periences have not been so hajipy pecuniarily. In 
her war with Turkey, after seven months' fighting, 
she sent in a bill to Turkey for S-05,000,000, divid- 
ing it into 3450,000,000 for expenditure on her .army 
and war material, and 3255,000,000 for expenditure 
for injury to Russian commerce. She offered to 
take 3160,000,000 in cash and the balance in territo- 
ry; but the powers drew the line at the territory. 
Turkey has not paid off that indemnity yet, and is 
not likely to do so, so that Russia lost heavily. 


There were only four neighbors in Tucker's gen- 
eral store, at the crossing of the plank ridge and the 
state road, when Silas Slosson entered, says the De- 
troit Frci- Press. 

■ How be ye, boys," he said, collectively. 

" How be ye, Sir" was the reply. '■ How's th' ol' 

" 'Baout th' same. Don't see much change." 

Silas crossed the store to the counter, behind 
which stood Tucker, his face wreathed in mercan- 
tile smiles, his fat hands pressed against the varnish- 
less table. 

" Whattul it be, Mr. Slosson?" he asked 

"Haow much ye gittin' fer C sugar?" replied the 
prospective customer. 

"Six cents." 

"Phew— w—w!" whistled Silas. " Gone up ain't 
it? Didn!t hev to pay no sich figger fer 't las' I 

"Thet so?" inquired Tucker with surprise. 
" Haow l^iuch 'd ye hev t' giv?" 

" Five cents an' a half." 

"Thet so? Haow much ye want?" 

" Paound." 


This Affords Amusement Even for Grown-up People. 

This game is a special favorite, c\'en among 
" grown-ups," and it causes more fun and laughter 
than you can imagine. 'Vou must have a thimble 
first of all. 

Then all go out of the room except one, who is 
left with the thimble. Now the thimble has not to 
be hidden at all, but put in some place where every 
one can see it easily without moving or touching 
anything to do so. 

For instance, a good place is on a nail which holds 
up a picture, or the window ledge, stuck in the fringe 
of the tablecloth, put in the ornamental part of the 
fender, or, in fact, anywhere there are things around 
it to confuse one. 

When the hider has placed the thimble he calls 
the rest of the company in and the search begins. 

Now, listen, for this is the most important rule of 
all. Those who are looking for the thimble must 
not touch anything or move anything in their 
search, and when one does see the thimble he must 
not ery out, "Oh, there it is!" 

Perfect silence should pre\ail. and when the boy 
or girl sees it he or she must sit down on a chair, 
and so on, till all have seen it. Then the one who 
sat down first has to hide the thimble, and the 
others all go out. 

It is wonderful what a long time it often takes be- 
fore the whole company has seen it — often two or 
three children will stand actually looking at the 
thimble and yet never see it. And this is such fun 
for those who have already seen it. 

Of course, you must not drop down immediately 
into a chair the moment you have seen the thimble, 
as that would betray at once where it was, but walk 
away and look in another direction and then sit 


A popular minister of a Highland parish 
preached the other day on the duty of unqualified 
truthfulness, and was a little surprised to receive a 
visit from a parishioner next day who was well 
known to the gangers as a maker of "sma" still 
wdtisky. "I have come to thank ye for your ser- 
mon yesterday," he said. "I will aye speak the 
truth efter this." " I am glad to hear you say that,' 
said the minister. "Ye see," continued the other, 
"I got a visit this morning frae a ganger. ' Hae ye 
ony whusky here? ' he asked. 'Oh, .ay,' says I, nae 
doot I has some whusky.' '.And whaur is it?' 
'Under the bed.' s.iys I. Well, what dae ye think? 
I telt naething but the truth, and, the cratur' never 
so much as poked his stick below the bed, though he 
looked through every part o' the house, ll'm think- 
in', sir, ye're quite right; it's aye best to tell the truth. 
I maun thank ye for yer sermon. It has done me 


Great good-nature, without [iriidence, is a great 

Keep conscience clear, then never fear. 

Having been poor is no shame, but being ashamed 
of it is. 

If your head is wax don't talk in the sun. 

Content makes poor men rich; discontent makes 
rich men poor. 


» » » 





The Chinese marry their children when 
young, sometimes as soon as they are born 


marriage, which is a mere civil contract, is arranged 
by some go-between or matchmaker, on behalf of 
both parties, independent of the consent of the 
young couple, and they never see each other until 
the wedding d.iy. Persons bearing the same family 
name, although not related, are strictly interdicted 
from marrying each other, says a recent writer. 
The negotiations for a marriage are generally begun 
by the family to which the intended bridegroom 
belongs. The go-between is furnished with a card 
stating the ancestral name, and the eight characters 
which denote the hour, day, month and year of the 
birth of the candidate for matrimony. This card 
he takes to the family indicated, and tenders a 
proposal of marriage. If the parents of the girl, 
after instituting inquiries about the family making 
it, are willing to entertain the proposal, they consult 
a fortune teller, who decides whether the betrothal 
would be auspicious. If a favor.ible decision is 
made, the go-between is furnished with a similar 
card, and the same consultation of a fortune-teller 
follows. If this fortune-teller pronounces favorably 
and the two families agree on the details of the 
marriage, a formal assent is given to the betrothal. 
H, for the space of three d.nys, while the betrothal 
is under consideration in each of the families, any- 
thing reckoned unlucky, such as the breaking of a 
bowl or the losing of any article, should occur, the 
negotiation would be broken off at once. 
# • w 
In modern Egypt a woman can never be seen by 
her future husband until after she has been married, 
and she is always veiled. The choice of a wife is 
sometimes entrusted to a professional woman, who 
conducts the negotiations for a price. Generally a 
man inclined to be a husband applies to some per- 
son who is reported to have daughters and desires 
to know if any .arc to be disposed ol. If the father 
replies afTirmatively, the aspirant sends one of his 
female relatives who has been already married, to 
see the girl and report the result. Should the rep- 
resentation be favorable, the intended husband pays 
the father a stipulated sum, and on an appointed 
day all parties interested in the event assist at the 
solemnization of the marriage. On the day before 
the wedding the bride goes in state to a bath, walk- 
ing under a canopy of silk, which is carried by four 
men. She is covered from head to foot in an ample 
shawl, which in si/c much resembles the Hebrew 
veil. On her head is a small cap or crown. Fol- 
lowing the bath, the bride and bridegroom and their 
friends ha\-e a supper, after which a quantity of 
henna paste is spread on the bride's hands and the 
guests make their contributions by sticking coins on 
the paste, and when her hands are co\-ered the 
money is scraped off. The following day the bride 
goes in procession to the bridegroom's house, where 
another repast is given. At night the bridegroom 
goes to prayers at the mosque, after which he re- 
turns home and is introduced to and left alone with 
his bride. Then he lifts the shawl from her face 
and sect her for the first time. 

A WOMAN who lived many years in Japan, ii 
speaking of courtship and marriage among th 
"little brown people," says that both are very curi- 
ous ceremonies and that they still savor somewhat 
of barbarism. "When a young man," she informs 
us, "has fixed his affections upon a maiden of suit- 
able standing, he declares his love by fastening a 
branch of a certain shrub to the house of the dam- 
sel's parents. If the branch be neglected, the suit 
is rejected; if it be accepted, so is the suitor. At 
the time of the marriage, the bridegroom sends 
presents to his bride as costly as his means will al- 
low, which she immediately offers to her parents in 
acknowledgment of their kindness in infancy and of 
the pains bestowed upon her educatitm. The wed- 
ding takes place in the evening. The bride is 
dressed in a long white silk kimono and white veil, 
and she and her future husband sit facing each oth- 
er on the floor. Two tables are placed close by; on 
the one is a kettle with two spouts, a bottle of sake 
and cups; on the other table a miniature fir tree — 
signifying the strength of the bridegroom; a plum 

tree signifying the beauty of the bride, and lastly a 
stork standing on the tortoise, representing long 
life and happiness, desired by them both. 

" At the marriage feast each guest in turn drinks 
three cups of the sake and the two-spouted kettle, 
also containing sake, is put to the mouths of the 
bride and bridegroom alternately by two attendants, 
signifying that they are to share together joys and 
sorrows. The bride keeps her veil all her life, and 
after death it is buried with her as her shroud. 
The chief duty of a Japanese woman all her life is 
obedience— whilst unmarried, to her parents; when 
married, to her husband and his parents; when 
widowed, to her son." 

« « • 
Until the day of her marriage the East Indian 
girl has been the spoiled pet of her mother, but the 
hour that sees her put into a palanquin, shut up 
tight and carried to her husband's house, changes all 
that was happiness into misery. She becomes from 
that moment the little slave of her mother-in-law, 
upon whom she has to wait hand and foot, whose 
lightest wish is law, and who teaches her what dish- 
es her husband likes best, and how she is to prepare 
them. A kind mother-in-law is a thing seldom, if 
ever, met with, and rarely does she give the little 
bride leave to go home and visit her mother. 

Of her husband the girl sees little or nothing. 
She cannot complain to him of the cruelty of his 
mother, for he would never by any chance take her 
part. He .sends in to her the portion of the food 
he wishes cooked for himself, her and the children, 
and when it is ready she places it upon a large 
platter and it is sent into his room. He eats all he 
fancies of it, and then it is sent back to her, and she 
and the children sit upon the floor and eat whatever 
is left. 

The girls are married as young as three years of 
age, and should a little boy to whom such a baby is 
married die, she is called a widow, and can never 
marry again. Married life is hard, but far harder 
and more sad is the lot of a widow, for she is con- 
sidered disgraced and degraded. She must eat only 
the coarsest kind of food, and one day in two weeks 
she must fast for twenty-four hours. , Her food 
must always be eaten away from other women, and 
she must never dress her hair, never sleep upon a 
bed and never wear any jewelry. 
* # * 
In Turkey, by authority of the Koran, the sultan 
is allowed seven wives, and every other 
four, and as many female slaves as they please; but 
in the present day few men have more than one 
wife each. Polygamy is almost confined to the 
very wealthy, and is by no means general even 
among them, probably because a plurality of wives 
produces a plurality of expenses. All their priests 
may marry except the dervishes. The Turks can 
divorce their wives very easily, and are allowed to 
marry near relations, on the principle that a double 
tie makes the friendship stronger. 

journey on through the A's. As the 


coach moves along without a jog you come 
thicket of evergreen shrubbery with yellow fl ,"' 
It has a mild perfume, grows to a height of J" 
two feet and is called Aaron's beard. Yo„ "'" 
pleased to learn that it belongs to the St loh'." 
wort family, though it is a native of Europe '^ 
Passing by some Aaronites, or Jewish prie,, 
some queer birds and other curiosities, you *' 
bump against that puzzling expression that v"" 
have read so many times in nautical stories— "ak ." 
the beam." At last you may learn that it rue 
any part of the horizon back of an iraagin,"' 
straight horizontal line drawn through the center r 
the boat and at right angles with the bowsprit 

Next you observe a sort of terrace with close! 
placed and sharp-pointed branches of trees stickin 
out from its slope. It is a dangerous-looking bit of 
earthworks and you are not surprised to find that 
the structure is the abatis often mentioned in i(. 
scriptions of warfare. 

After passing by some queer reptiles that sugg 
the forests of South America, through which yoi 
will pass many times during your journey, youscea 
sign made up of letters placed in the form of a Iri. 
angle. This symbol was once supposed to be pos. 
sessed of a curative charm, and sick persons had il 
engraved on .medals, which they suspended (rem 
their necks to drive away the distemper. This o 
thing has, as you will notice, the name "abracada- 
bra." So ancient is this symbol and so well l-nmn 
its meaning that to-day anything that is a nonsensi- 
cal arrangement of words is called an abracadabra. 
Still traveling through the Ab's you see some oM 
friends blooming side by side with an AustraKan 
tree. The flower is one of the numerous four- 
o'clock family, and is our own American abroma 
The Australian tree produces a fiber that is used in 
making cordage, and it is known as the "abroma. 
By this time the fire by which you are sitting 
have become rather excessively heating, or forsomt 
other reason of comfort you determine to unloose! 
your collar. In the language of the Ab's, howetei 
you will abstringe it, the word meaning exact))- m 
bind or unloosen. That is one of the charms of lie 
dictionary journeys— every little while you willdii- 
cover a new word that means the same as wotdi 
that you use continually 

Now I will imagine that you have gone a \m 
way in silence and with closed eyes— a journty 
through several hundred words that might have M 
you into many lands and languages, into sciem, 
art and literature. At the first stop after you ifi 
you observe a great acropolis rising among » 
ruins of an ancient Greek city. The dictionar)' 
guide— always present at your elbow-says tn 
each of the important cities of ancient Greece 
its acropolis, or citadel, which was higher than i« 
rest of the city, and had its chief sanctuaries. 
haps the most famous one belonged to Athens, 
of old Athens and IS 01 



For strange adventure in all sorts of places try a 
dictionary journey. For instance, if the weather is 
damp and chilly to-night and you think a cozy cor- 
ner by the fire is about the nicest spot to make your 
home for the evening, fix up an easy chair with its 
back to the light and then get the family dictionary 
and prepare for your journey. Of course, the easy 
chair will serve as a traveling coach. You will not 
want a sleeper until the end of the journey, for you 
will have so many interesting experiences that you 
will likely forget all about sleep until mother or fa- 
ther remind you that even dictionary journeys must 
come to an end at the dreamland station. 

Having bid everybody good-bye and taken your 
dictionary aboard the easy chair for a guide you 
begin the journey by turning to the A's. The first 
thing you know you come face to face with a queer 
looking creature with big ears and a long snout. It 
might be a pig were its tail not so large and its feet 
not covered with claws. It is the aardvark, a bur- 
rowing and ant-eating animal closely related to the 
ground hog. The presence of the aardvark con- 
vinces you that you have reached .South Africa in 
your travels, for that is the home of this big ant- 
eater, which is as large as a good-sized pig. In 
fact, its flesh is used for food and its name means 
"earth hog." 

Hut you are not hungry and the aardvark isn't a 
particularly interesting-looking creature, so you 

civilization never would have adva 
ha\'e had no inventions 
United States. It 
awhile to get well 

still rises above the ruins 

of the sights of Europe. .^, 

Just a little farther along on the journey 
will stare you in the face-like an ■i""*'"i^^^ ^ 
perhaps, if you are inclined to ^e 'azy- .^^^^^ 
markable thing about action as found in 
ary is that it is given more space than - ^ ^ ^ 
other word, excepting its sister word, ''^' .|, 
guide will tell you that action is about '"^"^^.^i^^^, 
portant thing in the world, anyhow. ^^^j, 

■ need. ^^"^ , 

homes, ii'<="'";;',u.,;-:' 

will be wellto'^toptheio. 

acquainted with action^^^ ^^, 
that it means, for it comprehends '"P?^g,hai- 
fortune, friendship and beauty— every , 

valuable in life. It is used in many '' 


waj's implies effort. I am sure 

that you 


it and will take it with you 

while ccntui' 

are I 


Now a word about the d'<:''°"^'''' ',„,£ s»""' 
well to take aboard an <=n<:y'='°P'^ '^ ,-,^|,ions. «' 
as the dictionary gives only brief "''"'j|j^. trif 
ly. Take plenty of time in "■'''' '."^"j^resl a"'' 
every inch of the way is full " .'".|,j„gtW 
have all the time in the f»'"f'= '"'■,''"'t''inie)"'"|'! 
ney. I can assure you that by tne „.|ii 

zyxomma, at the last stopping P''Y|;,vc "f. 
become a cultivated person ' |.>''|"i i;no»l<-'* 
most of your trip and gained all t" 

you could. 



A dictionary journey may be <:°j,^(jo„s o" 
part of the volume. There are » ■ -.. 
page and a few extra ones among 

»»«<« XHB 9 INGLT3NOOK »»p 

O 00 

The o Cipclc ooo 

w B stover. Bulsar. India. President; John R.Snyder. Bclle- 

OfFiCBPS'^.^ijjig president; Otlio Wenger. North Manchester. Ind.. 

loort'o"' Ohio. ^.^^.^ p Rosenberger. Covington. Ohio. SecreUry and 

yjtpP.esidenL ^ ^^^ ^1, comiiiunicationB to OuR Missioharv Reading 

^ grcr;!;;!^:^...... ^..----- 

•^■^^"^"^^^^^^^ CIRCLE NOTES. 

We feel encouraged by the reports of our mem- 

J ...orkers. Many more ha\'e been recei\'ed 

'"'* „ this month of March, than were received one 

'"° And they show a keen appreciation for 
CcXses of reading offered them. We fully 

1- that there is a difference between our Circle 
'"■kind many another good cause which is being 
""'secuted. It is in itself a silent service. To read 
•"j* meditate requires more time and seems less 
"actical than the sewing of garments for the poor; 
''et the former has its mission as surely as the lat- 
*" It is the reading of good books, the thinking 
ITgood thoughts that leads to the performance of 
good deeds. Our Circle offers only the best books, 
and who can measure their influence? The root of 
encouragement is, f«r-the heart. That is what our 
,vork most needs, let us put more heart into it. If 
every local secretary and every worker will put 
their heart into it, there will be a glad response. 
Under God's blessing we expect great things in the 
future. ^ ^ , 

The Gospel can be preached without molestation 
in all parts of Japan. Recent laws enacted there 
place the Christian religion on the same plane as 
their own. In one of the great Osaka dailies, a 
writer speaks of the Bibli as one of the great books 
in the world, unsurpassed in literary form and ex- 
alted sentiment. 

* # * 

"An effort made for the happiness of others lifts 
us .ibove ourselves." Why do we live such little, 
selfish lives? It is unbounded faith and enthu- 
si.isni in some cause that will benefit humanity, that 
nukes a life worth looking at. 


This week we mailed certificates to Anna M. 
Lichly, Mcyersdale, I'a., Mrs. J. C. Stayer, Wood- 
uiy, Pa., anil Ellen Miller, of Summit Mills, Pa. 

lirother Curtis Hilbert, Secretarj- of Anderson, 

d., writes, "Our Reading Circle meets each Tues- 

.ly night at the home of our minister, J. S. Al- 
dredf^e. The interest is increasing among the old 
well as the young. We have completed the 
k, 'In His Steps,' and are now reading 'The Life 
of Judson.' We have ten members in all." 

Hro. S. E. Uunc.Tn, our secretary at Oak Hill, W. 
■i)s, "Would that all had more of the Sunday 

liool and missionary spirit. We expect to be with 
llii Hrethren this summer in church work, and will 
m.ike a special effort to persuade as many as possi- 
to join the Circle. We wish we could do more 
* encourage and help on the Lord's work." 

Sister Tempie C. Sauble, of Bridgewater, Va., 
writes the following: " I am going to put forth a 
special effort to get all the members I can for the 

"■tie. At our prayer meeting, recently, we had the 

suhject of Christian Endeavor. At this meeting 

- W. B. Yount, president of our school, gave us 

good talk. He said we ought to, and could have, 
' missionary society here; we decided to meet for 




purpose. One evening after preaching a good- 
^^ "limber of earnest Christians remained to discuss 
*! |l""'ioii. It was decided that >ve organize and 
j^ ' '"e meetings regularly every Sunday night aft- 
sion "^' I have been so anxious to see a mis- 
,„j*'^*°'^"='y organized here, have been praying 
Our m.^'-'"*^ patiently, and now we are enjoying 

™P0_rtancc o'f this work, 

'"' "iJ Read 

there would be socic- 
--ding Circle members everywhere." 

"I 1 W !:"<!'• Morgantown, W. Va. 

^ " Lewistowti, Pa. 

p • • « 

Than th^ ""^ ^°"'' ^°'^^ things are wrought by prayer, 
Rist ij, " ""'"''i dreams of. Wherefore let thy voice 
For wha', ° ""'»'" '»r me night and day. 
Thai r,^ """^ ■"'" '"^"sf 'hail sheep or goats 
II kn„„i""* ' '"■'"' lif' within the hrain, 
Both fo,'!? "'' ""^>' hft not hands of prayer 

' 'hcmsclve 
>■ sold chains about the feet of God. 

''"'soth K '^^ and those who call them friend? 
Bound K.' "'.?''^ '"""d world is every way 


Ag. S unday H School i^m. 

PARABLE OF THE KINODOn. -Matt. 13:24-33. 

{Lesson for May zj, iqoo.) 

Golden TExr.-The field is the world.— Matt. 13: 38. 

In this parable is told the story of the existence 
of evil in the world. It has often been a cause of 
wonder to many why evil should cut such a promi- 
nent figure in the affairs of life. It is not only pres- 
ent everywhere, but it is successful. The tares 
grow as well as the wheat. God sends his sunshine 
and causes the rain to fall on both alike. They 
flourish together. It is not explicable how it is so, 
but the fact remains. 

It is sometimes the case, too frequently, that bad 
men get into the church and they are sometimes 
taken to represent the decadence of the church life. 
It seems unavoidable that such should be the case, 
and it should never in the least weaken the faith of 
anybody. It has happened in all ages, and in all 
probability will continue to happen. It is not a 
question as to whether or not there are tares, but 
rather is it a question, or it should be, as to our own 
status in the field of growth. Are we personally 
the wheat or are we tares? That is the question. 

It is a certainty that the devil is continually seek- 
ing a place in which to sow his tares. Bad thoughts 
come into most hearts at times, and we can hardly 
prevent them the way we are constituted and sur- 
rounded. But unlike the tares of the field we can 
weed them out. It may not be an easy task, but it 
is like caring for a garden. Weeds will come and 
must be hoed, and when they come again they 
must be kept down. Religious life is a struggle at 
all times, and there exists no heart or no life into 
which there come no tares, no little foxes. 

The other parables of the lesson explain them- 
selves largely. The smallest seed of good may 
grow into a tree of righteousness. Many a time 
those who labor see so little result attained and 
they think that it has all been lost. Now the fact 
is that nothing good ever wholly dies. It may not 
bear fruit in our time, but God has plenty of time at 
his disposal, and nothing of the truth is ever lost. 
The moral is to go on with our doing good and 
leave results to him who orders all things best. 

The word fitly spoken, the simple deed or, indeed, 
anything that affects human conduct, is the leaven 
of Christ in the lives of others. It is hard to over- 
estimate the influence we exert on others. It is im- 
possible to say how much of the leaven we have 
contributed. Think a moment. E\ery great thing 
in the world, every accomplished fact, say like the 
great Brooklyn bridge, was at one time just a 
thought in one man's mind. But it grew, and 
growing it took form and color. The utmost care 
should characterize our relations with others. We 
should be sure of our leaven, for out of it arise the 
most momentous issues. 


In a curious little book, written by one or two 
Omaha Indians, the following incident is told by 
Inshta-Theumba, the educated Christian daughter 
of the chief. Iron Eye: 

"We are out on the buffalo hunt. It was even- 
ing. The tents had been pitched for the night and 
the camp-fire made. I was a little bit of a thing, 
playing near my father. A little Indian boy came 
up and gave me a bird he had found. I was very 
much pleased, and tried to feed it and make it 
drink. After I had amused myself with it for some 
time father said: 

'* ' My daughter, bring your bird to me.' 

" He held it in his hand for a moment, gently 
stroking its fvathers, and then said, * Daughter, I 
will tell you what you might do with It. Take it 
carefully in your hand out there where there are no 
tents, where the high grass is, and put it softly down 
on the ground and say, " God, I give you back your 
little bird. Have pity on me, as I have pity on your 
bird." ' 

'■ I said, ' Does it belong to God? ' 

" He said. ' Yes, and he will be pleased if you do 
not hurt it, but give it back to him to take care of." 

" I was very much impressed, and carried the bird 
into the high grass, saying my little prayer as it 
flew away." 

For * the * Wee * polk 


lOLLv friends arc Sport and I; 

He does not hark nor bite, 
Except when bad men come to try 

To rob us in the night. 
Then he's as brave as brave can be; 

He rushes at them straight. 
And foolish will the robber be 

Who's caught inside the gate. 



The story that I am going to tell is about my 
Angora cat Hiddigeigei. 

He was born April 12, 1897, '" Ann Arbor. Michi- 
gan, and was owned by a friend of ours. His par- 
ents are two intelligent Angora cats who have won 
many prizes at cat shows in Chicago and other 

One Saturday afternoon the lady who owned the 
kittens said that I could come up and get one. I 
ran home and got a grape basket and started off for 
her house. When I got there all the kittens were 
lying in their basket near a washtub in the cellar. 
They were about six inches long, not measuring the 
tail, and were not weaned yet. I picked out the one 
I wanted which was afterwards called Hiddigeigei. 
While he was yet little we kept him in a bushel 
basket with some bedding in it and fed him warm 
milk with a teaspoon. After a few months he was 
the best playmate anyone ever had or ever will have. 
He would go to bed with me and cuddle up, and 
after I got asleep he would watch his chance and 
slowly crawl out. In the morning when 1 got up 
and jumped out of bed he would catch the calf of 
my leg and pretend to bite. He would sit on the 
porch and watch for me, and would run to meet me, 
and whenever I went away he would follow me. 
When he was a little cat the dogs of the neighbor- 
hood would chase him up trees and everything else. 
But Angora cats grow as large as some dogs', and so 
he paid them back in the latter part of his career. 
He used to go out to the barn and catch mice by 
the hatful, and once he caught a great big rat which 
was three-quarters as big as he was. 

But the things that Hiddigeigei was most noted 
for were his tricks. He was deaf, as are most An- 
gora cats, but not blind. So we taught him by mo- 
tions, to stand up, sit up, lie down and shake hands. 
If you put your arm and fist in his face he would 
box at it, or spring and put both front paws around 
your arm and pretend to bite. Once we went visit- 
ing out of town and took Hiddigeigei with us. We 
stayed about a week and where we were visiting 
there was a dog. This dog did not have any peace 
while Hiddi was there. He chased the dog all over 
the house and under the beds and couches. We 
took him home in the same way we brought him, in 
a fancy work-bag, and let his head stick out. He 
yelled once or twice, for he was tired of his position. 
At Detroit, where we changed cars, we stopped to 
do some shopping, and when we were in one of the 
principal stores he gave an unearthly yell from away 
down his throat. 

I used to shoot sparrows and Hiddi would eat 
them, so whenever I took my gun he would purr and 
follow me. He had grown so big now that every 
dog was afraid of him, and so not a dog dared to 
touch him again. When wc moved I built a little 
house for him right by the .side of the house we 
moved into. By and by I weEit away to spend my 
\acation, so I told the milkman to put some milk in 
his house morning and night. I did not stay long 
on that vacation, and when I came home there he 
was waiting for me, and he knew me a block away 
and ran to meet me. Then I read in the paper how, 
while I was gone, Hiddigeigei had climbed up in 
the church tower and had sung a few songs that 
aroused the whole neighborhood. He had practiced 
his yelling so much he could do it without trying 
very hard. One night about 12 o'clock we heard 
him yelling at the top of his voice. A few minutes 
later there was a pistol shot and all was still. We 
thought he was dead, but just then there was a 
scratch at the door and in rushed Hiddigeigei, with 
his long hair standing on end. A few months later 
he was poisoned, but I kept him under the back 
porch and fed him medicine and whisky that made 
him sort of stagger, but he had to have it. After- 
wards we had to go away forever and could not take 
him with us, so I gave him away and the people 
have him yet. I have not seen the cat for over 
half a year and I am going to go and sec him soon, 
and this is the end of the story. 




The raw wind that comes in from Lake Mich- 
igan is playing dolefully upon the great cables 
of the Ferris wheel. The broad monotone that 
sounds from this giant /Eolcan harp partakes of 
the character of a swan song, for the wheel is 
doomed and these are its last days. 

Sunday it made its last revolution— " gave its last 
gasp," in the words of L. V. Rice, receiver for the 
Ferris Wheel company. The work of dismantling 
the structure will bef;in Wednesday or Thursday, 
and within three months where the wheel now 
stands will be merely a sandy lot. The giant will 
have disappeared as completely as though it had 
riever been. This removal has been made necessary 
by the expiration of the company's lease on the 

For almost seven years the Ferris wheel has been 
among the greatest curiosities that Chicago had to 
offer to visitors. If the stranger were a prince or 
diplomat from across water, he was first driven to 
the stock yards. If he were from the countiy, 
where the raising of stock is a business and not a 
curiosity, he first visited the mechanical freak at the 
other end of Lincoln I'ark. 

Now that the wheel is soon to be no more one 
can not refrain from giving a glance over his shoul- 
der into its p. . 

The idea of constructing this monster rotating 
machine originated with G. W. G. Ferris, of Pitts- 
burg, immediately after a banquet in the early part 
of 1892 given to the engineers and architects who 
were interested in the construction of the buildings 
at the approaching exposition. At this banquet D. 
H. Hurnham, director of works of the world's fair, 
complimented the architects upon their designs, but 
declared that the engineers of the country had not 
contributed one original idea. This declaration 
stung Mr. Ferris and he at once began to think of 
schemes that might cause Mr. Burnham to change 
the verdict he had passed upon the engineers. 

He went to the Wellington hotel and while talk- 
ing to some friends the idea of a great wheel that 
would carry passengers came to him like a flash. 

"I haiie son.ething that will strike Mr. Burnham," 
he cried, and hastily drew an old envelope from a 
coat pocket. He made on this a rough draught of 
the wheel. ' On his return to Pittsburg he had as- 
sistants work out his original conception in detail. 
A company was formed, the wheel built, at a cost 
of 5362,000, a taking feature furnished the fair, and 
a subject for conversation given visitors that has not 
yet been worn out. 

The wheel proved as great a sensation as Mr. 
Ferris thought it would; every lesser exposition 
since has had its structure modeled upon the one of 
Mr. Ferris' design. During the world's fair it was 
visited by the great statesmen of this and other 
countries, and Receiver Rice can tell of having 
swung princes, and visitors from Illinois' Egypt, 250 
feet into the air in the same car. 

Chicago day, Oct. 9, Harry W. Hill, who was 
ticket seller from the day the wheel made its first 
revolution until Sunday, when it made its last, 
claims to have established a world's record for rapid 
ticket selling. One thousand tickets— S500 in 
receipts — in just fourteen minutes, is his claim. 
And he has no medal, either. 

During the days of the great exposition it was no 
unusual thing for a man, evidently used to frugal 
ways, to come up to the box office, <ask the price of 
a ride, and, on being told that fifty cents was the 
charge, to ask if he couldn't ride half-way around 
for a quarter. Neither was it unusual for sightseers, 
anything but urban in appearance, to ask innocently 
if the wheel would be there all week. 

An account of the breakdown of the machinery 
and the suspension in midair of hundreds of persons 
for several hours was printed in practically all the 
newspapers of the country during the year of the 
fair. Although this accident never occurred, ac- 
cording to Mr. Rice, he says that whenever he has 
been in a crowd and it became known that he was 
connected with the Ferris wheel, some one has al- 
ways come up and made known that he was one of 
the passengers on that sensational revolution. 

"I'm told this wherever I go," said Mr. Rice. 
"The wheel can carry a few more than 2,000 passen- 
gers, but I've met over 3,000 who took that trip— a 
trip that was never made." 

About 2,500,000 passengers have been carried on 

the wheel during the seven years it has been stand- 
ing. It was moved to its present location in 1895. 

Since it has been announced that the Ferris wheel 
had to be torn down, Mr. Rice has received frequent 
calls from contractors and from men who want to 
buy some portion of it. The mistake made by 
many of these shows how easy it is to underestimate 
the magnitude of the big structure. 

One contractor, after staring with vertical chin 
for half an hour at the wheel, brought down his 
eyes and informed Mr. Rice in a quiet, confident 
manner that he could "take the thing down easy 

" Let's see, that axle must be at least six inches 
in diameter." he estimated, squinting upward again. 

"Ves, all of six inches," Mr. Rice corroborated, 

"And I'd judge that it's not less than ten feet 


"All of ten feet." 

"Just as 1 thought. I'll send in my bid in a day 
or two." 

He was starting complacently away when Mr. 
Rice caught him up with; " I'll be glad to get your 
bid, but better figure on an axle thirty-two inches in 
diameter and forty-five feet long." 

The contractor looked into Mr. Rice's solemn 
face, then up at the wheel. " I don't believe I want 
it," he said, and turned on his heel. 

Another contractor announced that he wanted to 
buy one of the cars to put on wheels and use as a 
tool wagon. 

"I'll sell you the car all right; but how many 
horses do you intend to hitch to it?" 

"Two — that'll be enough." 

" Have you any idea how much one of those cars 
weighs? " 

"About 1,000 pounds, I'd say." 

" Well, there's just 22,000 pounds of iron alone in 
each car, not to speak of the other things." 

The man didn't buy the car. 

A farmer began negotiations with Mr. Rice a few 
days ago for three of the cars, saying that he want- 
ed them for chicken coops. When he was informed 
that there were twenty-two tons of iron worth S20 
a to i in each car lie looked ajtouiidej. 'He uiially 
stumbled away, saying he guessed he'd buy a couple 
of dry-goods boxes. 

Said Mr. Rice; " Some pieces of the wheel can be 
used just as they are for building bridges, but a 
large part of it will go to the scrap pile." 

The Ferris wheel to the scrap pile!— the grave- 
yard of machinery that has done its work! Certain- 
ly an ignominious ending for a structure at which 
the world once marveled. 

Advertising Column, 

The Inglenook readies lar and wide among a class ol intem 
mainly agricultural, and nearly all well-to-do. It aRonls an uneni^fr'.i^*'^''' 
of reacliing a casli purchasing constilm 
proved by the 

management will be inserted at the unitorm rale ( '"'P" 
inch, cash with tlieotder. and no discount whatever lor continued" ^ 

$1.00 per inch, first and eitcli succeeding time. The Inklenqok '"**''''"* 
organ of the church carrying advertisements. '**^* oWj 

All OuP 
Fouils Qpe 

ppize Winnei^s 

We have the best strai ; n 
poultry going. You'll 
something of interest, if ; 

Wc Sell Eggs fop Hatehing. 

All our fowls are prize winners. Send a stamp with \ 

inquiry and we'll tell you something new about the 



The Buffalo Valley Poultry Fakm, 
Lewisburg, Pa. 

Mention you saw this advertisement in Inglenook, 

\m COWS 

Will pay ycm better, and at |bt 
same time you will have less work 
if you will use HUNT'S DILU. 


and we pay the (reight. Address: 

A. B. CULP & CO., Eureka, 111. 

Caps and Bonnets 

...MAIJE AT... 

Reasonable Prices. 

Goods furnished that will please, 
plaining how to order. Address: 

Write for circular a- 

Miss Mary Royer, 

Mt. Morris, III, , 

Mention you saw tlii 

advertisement in Inglenook. 


If You are Going to 

Build Fence... 

This spring, do not fail to drop a card to the address 
below, asking for descriptive circulars of oneoEthebesl 
STiOoth-vire fences fffercl the public. 

Chain-Stay penez Co., 

sterling, 111. 

Meation you saw this advertisement in Inglenook, 

J. J. Ellis & Co., 

libers ol Baltimore Commission 
and Flour E.\change) 

Commission Merchants, 


A LARGE number of Polish residents of Shamokin, 

Pa., and Coal township were switched by their 

wives, who also threw buckets of water on them, in 

retaliation for the men doing the same thing to the 

women recently. The practice has been in vogue 

for hundreds of years in the Polish provinces, at the 

close of the Lenten period, and is copied by the 

Poles here. 

. ♦ . 

Robinson Crusoe has been famous for nearly 200 
years, and each new generation of boys and girls 
reads the story of his adventures with the same 
pleasure that it was first read by the fashionable 
ladies and gentlemen of London in 1719. But in 
spite of this, and the fact that Daniel Defoe's writ- 
ings include 210 works, the story of his life and ac- 
complishments is little known to the lovers of Rob- 
inson Crusoe. Daniel Defoe was born in London 
in 1661. He was the son of a butcher named foe. 
His father named him Daniel, and he signed him- 
self D. Foe for forty years. Later he changed his 
signature to Defoe, and finally subscribed himself 
"Daniel DeFoe," or " Daniel Defoe," as suited his 
humor. His father wanted hitii to become aclergj*- 
man, but he gave up the idea after completing the 
course of training that fitted hmi for the work. In 
1685 he became a hose merchant, in which business 
he lost his money. Soon after his failure as a t 
chant he published his first book. Du' • tS^*^ ^c 
he was an active politician, a '^^'■■ilo'S*^!*,*''* ■■^^' 
chant, journalist and author by t ^ .e died at 
Moorfields, London, in 1731. Stucars of literature 
give the author of "Robinson Crusoe" credit for 
having been the first to write a novel, or long fiction 

Gpain, Hay. Seeds and 
Countpy Produce. 

We solicit 

Your Business. 

Mention you saw 

305 S. Charles St„ 



We furnish all Kinds of Cip GootJs at 

Very Low Prices. 

We Send Goods by Mail to all I'aits of the 
States. Send for Samples Free to 


Elgin, 111. 

The Inglenook. 

The rletu, High-class 


of the Brotherhood. 

vill sen' 

, ol fifty 

Issued weekly. The price is Si.oo a yeiir, but ^ 

er ol these Hues lor the rest ol Ihis ycflr on the rcccip ^^^^^ ^^, 

It is a youth's paper that will be read by oldei peop e^^^^^^^pg wi ^ 
^ ' cont.iiii specially prepared articles on fP'" ^^^ coW"* 
* best taleQt ol the will be 'CP'""^"'*', ' „ ptin>f' 
test writers in the world will be found m -t now ^^^ ^^^^^ 

Timely articles on Nature and Natural Hisioty «i ■ ^ _^ lod'^^^ 

Your boy wants the paper, your girl wants it. VO^J'J,, p»P<' '^'y 
chance (or you 10 btighteu some young lilebysem^- p^n'""^ ,^* 
It's the best use for your lilty cents we can *'""^ J|,'(u„,i*h ''•'^'^f^a- 
You will want a complete file and wc can't agree '^^^^^^^^^j, 
Send for The Inglenook to-day and you'll get 1*1 " . 

BpethPcn Publis^i'^S g^^iv 
(For Inglenook.) 

Vol. II. 

Elgix, III., May 19, 1900. 

No. 20. 


Across the sea a fragment. 
Blown with the spray and mist 
Shoreward from rosy distances, 
Where shade and shine hold tryst; 

An old song set in colorings 

Of gold and amethyst. 
A ship on the horizon / 

Where misty curtains cling, 
Liglitly to clearer levels 
Her sails of violet swing; 

A schooner nearing the harbor 

Listen! The sailors sing: 

" Maxwelton braes are bonnie, 
Where early fa's the dew, 
"Twas there sweet Annie Laurie 
Gave me her promise true." 

Oh, the rainbow lights of boyhood 

Kindle my skies anew. 

■' Maxwelton braes are bonnie." 
How sweet that old refrain! 
The promises of morning 
Break into gloom again, 

And on the lowly roof I hear 

The music of the rain, 

" Maxwelton braes are bonnie." 

There's mother at the door, 

The cattle down the dusky lane 

Are coming as of yore. 
And, mounted on the pasture bars, 
I swing and smg once more. 

" Maxwelton braes are bonnie." 
Oh, bonnie maid of mine, 
Thro' all the mists of distance 
Again the dark eyes shine; 

The world is full of music, 

And living seems divine! 
Across the sea a fragment, 
Blnwn with the spray and mist 
-Shoreward from rosy distances. 
Where shade and shine hold tryst; 

A vision and a memory. 

In gold and amethyst. 


"HERE is the boy or girl who is not interested in 
iCKs. It might also be asked where is the older 
frson who can not be entertained by the seeming- 

nipossible? So we determined on an article 
'at should tell something of the business of the 
roEess.onal conjurer. We went to Chicago and 
""'edup the magic man himself, and-we want to 
^a^ttleof what we saw and heard. He is the 
y Magic store proprietor In Chicago, and there 
^^;ot many of them anywhere. 

no°n^*^^ '^ a Magic store? Well, every reader 

, ^ what conjuring and juggling is, the so-called 

■^resell ""^^^ of the traveling magician. The 

bu^ ^ T*^^- ^PP''^"<^es and the tricks to whoever 
,s ^^' " 's owned by Mr. A. Roterberg, and he 

pook ^'"^''3f store in London. Whatever 
ithin f*^ ^'^^'^ '^ ^'^^"'^ ^^^ business there is 
e is l^ 1^ '^'"'^1 in the store or in the proprietor, 
"■■^ebook- ^^^^^^ German gentleman, the author of 
'shtdu-'f^ °" ^'^^ business, and he and his accom- 
'•^ attend to the trade. A large part of 

■ bu; 


hibition" ^^^"*^ ^^^m, and this may be a school 
ietor wili^ Parlor show, or what not. The pro- 


E've the exhibition at from £ 

10 to S25 

tnade K ^' "'^'""'"g everything. The money 
"*niayij^^^''^^'"'Out of the sale of the tricks. As 
' ^« am' "^"^'^"^^''■^tood a little explanation may 
^ily. -p. ■ ^here is no selling of a secret pri- 
^^^^■an(ith ^^"^'^"^ tricks require certain appli- 
•^se are sold and the knowledge of how 

it is done is thrown in with the bargain. There is 
not a feat known to the profession thai can not 
be bought. And the prices are not exorbitant, 
though, of course, they vary widely. There is a 
catalogue showing the various things used by the 
professionals, and it is illustrated, and described, all 
but the "how" and the price is affixed. Anybody 
can buy them just the same as anybody can go to a 
grocery store and buy a pound of coffee and a doz- 
en eggs. 

There are about a thousand professional conjurers 
in the United States, and at the head of them stands 
Prof. Kellog. His "blue room " appliances and ar- 
rangements cost not far from Sio,ooo and consist 
in strange appearances and disappearances, due to 
glasses, etc. Then there is the traveling, country 
schoolhouse man, whose whole stock in trade is 
carried in a small trunk. There is a wide difference 
between the "Prof." in the opera house and the ten 
cent show in the Smoky Hollow school building, 
but the whole business is accessible to anyone with 
the money to buy, and the Magic store is the place 
where it is sold. 

Every country has its own jugglers and magi- 
cians, but the Germans control the business of sell- 
ing the material for the work, and a strange feature 
about it is that the Jews are the most expert jugglers 
in the world. It is entirely within the possibilities 
that anybody with common sense may become a 
magician, along the easier lines of the profession, 
but to become a phenomenon, requires, as in all 
callings, phenomenal capacity. The requirements 
are manual dexterity, tact, fluency of speech, and 
personal presence. The simplest trick that the 
Magic store man knew of is that of passing a die 
through a hat. Anybody can do this, once the 
"know how" is in his possession, and then there 
are complicated tricks that require expertness that 
comes only through long practice and considerable 
personal physical ability. The difficult illusions re- 
quiring the aid of mechanical appliances are no 
longer used to any considerable extent. Their 
place is taken by exhibitions requiring dexterity, 
the aid of electrical helps and less clumsy matters 
than machinery. 

Mr. Roterberg said that he never saw more than 
one or two tricks that he could not see through at 
once. The Hindoo jugglery that we read so much 
about is clumsiness itself beside modern methods. 
In the very nature of things it could not be other- 
wise if one stops to think. How can an uneducat- 
ed, slow, unprogressive people do that which sur- 
passes in skill the production of the smartest peo- 
ple in the world among the goahead nations? 
There is no Indian trick that the American can not 
duplicate and better. There^re a great many mag- 
ical things in the market, about a thousand, that 
you can buy in the Chicago store, and none are per- 
formed anywhere that may not be bought. Let 
every Inglenook reader remember that all the mag- 
ic and conjuring he reads about and hears of is as 
simple as day once the method is known. There is 
nothing whatever of the supernatural about any 
part of it. There is this to remember, however, 
and that is the descriptions of certain tricks are 
very frequently misrepresented. The observer, in 
telling it afterward, says that he saw things and did 
things which never happened at all. He may tell 
how he handled the knife that the operator ran 
through his arm, and he may really think that he 
did, but just as certainly he did not have in his 
hands the real thing. 

In the case of Spiritualism, and the physical man- 

ifestations connected therewith the whole business 
can be duplicated and bettered by the professional 
conjurer. This is an important thing for a good 
many of our readers to remember when they hear 
of the seemingly miraculous in the various isms and 
fads of the hour. In the Magic store where they 
sell these things there is no more mystery about any 
of these marvels than there is a spook in your gar- 
ret at home. 

Mr. Roterberg teaches the business to all who 
will, and sells one or many tricks, with the way to 
do them thrown in, to all who wish to buy. The 
business is not a common one, and perhaps, in all 
probability, the reader never heard of it before. 
One of the latest things, not yet put on the market, 
was shown the writer in the store. 

The operator took a common kerosene lamp, lit 
it, and put over it a red shade. This he placed be- 
side the writer who saw that it was what it seemed, 
apparently .so, though he did not handle it. Then 
this lamp, still lit, was placed on the center of a 
small table with a glass top. There it was, to all 
intents and purposes a common kerosene lamp on a 
small center table. The proprietor stood off a few 
feet and counted "One — Two — Three— Go," and 
the lamp simply vanished. It didn't go anywhere 
that I saw. It simply disappeared. Now what be- 
came of it? No more do I know where it went. 

This issue of The Inglenook is sent to a good 
many Brethren who are thought to be appreciative 
of good literature in the hope that they will wel- 
come a high grade paper to their homes, especially 
since it is a publication authorized by the General 
Conference. Nearly all other denominations ha\'e 
a similar publication that is well supported by the 
lovers of good, pure literature. Are we behind 
others in the matter of appreciation and support of 
home effort? Send fifty cents and get the paper 
weekly for the rest of this year. 

A wealthy man displaying one day his jewels to 
a philosopher, the latter said: "Thank you, sir, for 
being willing to share such magnificent jewels with 
me." " Share them with you, sir," exclaimed the 
owner, "what do you mean?" "Why, you allow 
me to look at them, and what more can you do with 
them yourself?" replied the philosopher. This re- 
calls to mind what Titbottom says in Mr. Curtis' 
" Prue and I," as he is looking over the large estate 
of the wealthy and sordid Bourne. " Bourne owns 
the dirt and fences; I own the landscape! " We 
haven't seen the passage for years, and may not 
quote it exactly. 

A Memphis woman, whose Christian name is 
Jane, and whose little daughter is named after her, 
engaged a housekeeper, who also is named Jane. 

Thinking that three Janes in one household might 
occasion confusion, the lady said to the newcomer, 
who was a tall, angular woman, with a rigid air and 
an uncompromising cast of countenance: " I think, 
Jane, it will be belter for me to call you by your 
last name if you have no objection." 

"No'm; I have no objection," said the housekeep- 
er, standing stiffly erect, valise in hand. "Call me 
'darling,' ma'am, if you prefer. That's my name." 

President Kruger by his first marriage had one 
child, who died young. By his second wife he had 
sixteen children. His grandchildren number 104. 


U Coppespondence H 



I WOULD conclude that my parents with their su- 
perior age know more than I from the age of twelve 
to twenty years and would seek their counsel and 
cheerfully obey them. I would take great Interest 
in Sunday school, having well prepared lessons, thus 
gaining a knowledge of the Bible which would re- 
main in memory through coming years. In my 
youthful days I would unite with the church and 
strive to be a good member. I would not read a 
ten cent novel or any such reading matter, but 
would store my mind with such reading that would 
be of a future benefit. 1 would never use tobacco in 
any form. — /. H. Crist. 

« « # 

Were I to pass through girlhood again, I would 
be just as kind as possible to everybody; especially 
to my mother. I would tiy to show some extra 
kindness to the poor inefficient teacher whose cir- 
cumstances made it necessary to cope with difficul- 
ties for which she was not prepared, and to the poor 
laborer, servant girl, cook, the wife or child of a 
drunkard, a criminal, or other despised person. I 
would banish the word "can't" from my vocabulary 
as a deadly poison. No slang or exaggeration 
should ever pass my lips. I would try my utmost 
to obtain a useful education, and would never cheat 
in examinations. Would never deceive. Would 
serve the Lord with a pure heart. Would love my 
fellow beings and let them know it. — Nancy D. Undcr- 


• # # 

If I were a boy again with my present experience, 
I would do some things just as I did do. When 
twelve years old, I selected my lifework and bent 
my energies towards it. I never regretted that. I 
would urge every young person to do so. Aim at 
something, and do your best to hit it. In the 
manner of working I could make an improve- 
ment in the way of attending to minor details. 
That which made Marshall Field so successful was 
to look after every detail in his business. Many 
lives and hundreds of thousands of dollars were lost 
by a railroad company because details were not 
watched. In spiritual matters I would begin to serve 
my Master from six to eight years earlier than I did. 
One of the greatest mistakes young people make is 
to defer the service of God, and lose the valuable 
discipline afforded by early consecration to Christ, 

— i". Z. Sharp. 

« « « 

I WOULD remember my Creator more reverently 
and constantly. I would obey my parents more 
affectionately. Especially would I hearken and 
cleave unto my mother as God's appointed guardian 
of my life and destiny. I would be scrupulously 
careful to keep my body as the temple of the Holy 
Ghost, and not make it a showcase for the vanities 
of dress and appetite. Instead of being swept along 
in the current of the world, I would do as Jesus did, 
"be about my Father's business." I would not 
place a button, or pin, or loop, or puff, or feath- 
er to please the world, or gratify vanity. I would 
eat and drink, dress and live as Christ's little girl. 

1 would have my delight in the law of the Lord, 
and therein I couUl meditate day and night. I 
would esteem the words of my Heavenly Father 
more than my necessary food. I would want to be 
a pupil in the class to which Timothy belonged. 

2 Tim, 3: 15. I would avoid novels as spiritual 
arsenic. I would study only such books as would 
increase my knowledge of God in his character and 
works, and make me a skillful soul-winner. I would 
want to be wholly the Lord's and live and work for 
his glory. — Hattic A, Balshaugh. 

« • • 
First I would try and not let my conceit grow 
faster than my brain. I would honor my father and 
mother by telling them all my intentions, then con- 
sult them as to the best way to proceed. I would 
ask them what pursuit I should follow in life. If 
they were indifferent and left it to me I would 
choose farming as the most honorable and independ- 
ent, best suited to Christian life. Then I would 
look around for a good man who, without capital 
made it a success, and I would follow his example, 
and seek his counsel. I would not try several things 
at once. I would be strictly honest in all my deal- 

ings, or work; whatever is worth doing at all, is 
worth doing right. I would keep my promises 
strictly sacred. I would go to school when practica- 
ble and try to be the best scholar and above all the 
best boy in school. I would read much in good 
books and meditate more; speak only when profit- 
able. I would not be hasty to express an opinion un- 
less asked, especially in the presence of superiors or 
aged. I would never commence a bad habit; such 
as using tobacco or strong drink, vain dressing, fool- 
ish talking or jesting, exaggerating the truth, loud, 
boisterous laughing in society. 1 would weigh 
words more and cultivate a more correct form of 
speech. I would try my best so to live that no one 
could tnithfiilly say anything evil about me. And 
first and last, I would try to love the Lord with all 
my heart and be a faithful member of the church of 

Christ. — E. Eby, 

* # • 

If I were a boy again I would prosecute my 
studies much farther than I did. To the well- 
trained mind, backed by a good character, there are 
many openings by which to gain a livelihood. My 
first advice to every boy is — heed the first call to 
follow Jesus. It will prepare you for life in both 
worlds. Second. Store your mind with useful 
knowledge. It will be helpful to you in life. Third. 
Avoid bad habits, as chewing and smoking tobacco. 
Fourth. Avoid bad company. Better have none 
than bad company. Be industrious and economical. 

— W.J^.Dtrtcr. 

« « « 

If I were a girl again I would be very slow to 
leave a good home in the country for any employ- 
ment or position in the city. I would try to learn 
the art of home making, and would learn to be a 
good cook, would learn to take proper care of a 
house, would learn to sew well, and to think work 
onorhable and idleness dishonorable. Sad indeed 
that m so many homes where there are girls the moth- 
er does the work and the girls feel themselves above 
work. I would cultivate a taste for reading good 
books; would take plenty of out-door exercise, there- 
by getting much pleasure and profit out of the field of 
nature. I would carefully guard the laws of health. 
Su many of our girls are careless in regard lo pie- 
serving their health until it is too late. I would try 
to cultivate a kind disposition, and would confide in 
my mother and add to her happiness by avoiding 
that which would pain her. I would accept my 
Savior, be a Christian, and trust him to guide me 
through life and save me in death. — Sarah E. Trout. 

* * * 

Were I fourteen again I would first seek the 
kingdom of God and his righteousness. I would 
keep the word of God near me and consult it often. 
No counselor like the All-ivisc. I would spend 
much of my youthful time and energy at good 
schools preparing for my life work. I would fix it 
deep in my heart to be honest, prompt, faithful to 
my employers and true to my promises. Excelsior 
should be my motto in all I would attempt. I 
should study the best rules of etiquette and be 
courteous and obliging to all. In short I would 
strive to be a model of youthful dignity and sobriety. 
— Danid Vaniman. 



Each year several hundred American students at- 
tend one or another of the German universities. 
The great majority of these students are to be found 
at Berlin, Leipzig, Bonn and Halle. They go there 
for special work, for Germany is the home of the 
specialist. It is not so much the reputation of the 
university as of the man at the head of the line of 
work that they wish to pursue that takes them to 
one school rather than another. In my own case 
four universities were recommended — Berlin, Halle, 
Strassburg, Heidelberg — because at each one of 
them was located a man especially able in the sub- 
ject which I desired to study. 

A residence of less than a year at any of these 
universities hardly qualifies one to speak with au- 
thority concerning them, and yet during that period 
impressions are made which time would change but 
little. One can give only one's own experience. 
The professors and students are very friendly, 
always willing to make the stranger feel at home 
among them. 

The first thing lo strike one is the narrowness of 

the professors. Men of internationol reput • 
ignorant of things with which a graduate of^^'*^"^^* 
schools would be quite familiar. Of th ^^ ^^ 
tremes— knowing everything about one th' ^"^ 
little about everything— the German mof 
chooses the former. He loses in breadth k 
gains in depth. And so the student does ^ ^^ ' 
the knowledge he would under a competent A ^^" 
can instructor, though he learns some thing- "'^^' 
the German that he could not under the A -^ 
As a result of this narrownes-^ in fV,„ :__, '^^i- 


narrowness m the mstructor th^ 
universities who did not know whether QW "' 

students are narrow. I have met graduate 


th or South America, who had never h ^h"'* 
Abraham Lincoln or U. S. Grant, and were e \ ?' 
ignorant of the fact that there had been a civil' 

3 could 


n the United States. An American boy who 
tell nothing about William I. or Bismarck 
Franco- Prussian war would hardly be called a 
cated. "■ 

The beer-drinking proclivity of the student" 
quite noticeable. It matters not what he stud " 
drinking beer occupies much of his time. A stud t 
of theology roomed where we did. Almost everv 
night he was out until two or three o'clock \ 
sometimes he had to be brought home because un- 
able to get there alone. Others pursuing the same 
studies were with him and doubtless were as hard 
drinkers as he. One night I attended the annivers- 
ary meeting of the modern language society Beei 
drinking and smoking were prominent features. and 
soon after the speaker of the evening was through 
returned to my rooms. The kneipbig proper 
just beginning. Many other invitations to attenj 
meetings of a similar nature came, but I never fel; 
inclined to accept. 

The duels must not be omitted. A youm 
drops out of class for a few days, then reappears 
with face tied up in cotton; later the cotton 
pears and there is a frightful scar. He has fought 
duel. At first I wanted to see one, but after seein; 
the effects of one I never desired to go any further. 
At some places they are encouraged and at otkn 
discouraged. Their tendency cannot but be brulal 

A German student is expected to take lectuc 
three years before trying to pass an examinatioa 
for his doctor's degree. He can attend at one uni- 
versity, then another and another. He takes advan- 
tage of this and goes from one to another. Before 
he receives his degree he must pass an examinalioQ 
which is usually pretty rigid. And a degree there 
means more than one here. One often won- 
ders how some of them ever make their degree; 
The instruction is nearly all given by lectures, and 
on these the students take notes. As theendoftht 
three years approaches they begin to devote mo" 
time to the work, for they don't like to fail- 1^' 
young men there are not so very different tr<"" 
those of our own country, though they seem^ 
spend less time on their studies than ours do. 
each year many come from the universities wel F 
pared to make a success of their work. The ^ 
that there are so many seeking to get a degree fo^ 
a German university is proof positive that they 
it to their advantage to do so. And mag 
many cases it is. .,|( 

The one who goes across the water to coirp^^^ 
his education should have a good education ^^ ^^ 
going. It is a mistake to specialize befor^ ^^ 
knows something about many things. _ 

has a broad foundation a stay of a year or m ^^^ 
German university cannot but be profitabe- • 
yet there is no doubt that for many who 
is wasted; and as the number increases, 

t i"h^ til" 

steadily, still more and more waste \«^ ,, 
A combination ot ^^^ , 

systems makes one both broad and deep- ^ 
doubt in n'J 



"-^ "^^^ 

money spent m going 

systems makes one be 

the average American there is no 

that our system of education is mu-- ^ ^^ynii; 

the German. Whether one should leave '^^^.^^i,.fi 

to finish his education depends almost e^^^^ ^^^^ 

his preparation and whether he can °"^^^pe£[i^ 

use what he acquires; and in both the 

must generally be his own judge. 

A LITTLE boy was asked 'he other da)^^* ^jpiit- 
meant by sins of omission. He ^^. j for?"'' 
without any hesitation; " Those we 

to commit." . 

-•■" ■■ tW ■ 

Samuel Smiles' definition of '""^jj^erit ">''"' 
"only another word for good manag 
practical affairs." 

»»* THE » INGLENOOK »»» 


^flatare » Stady .^- 


rthern part of Maine and in Nova Scotia 
^''"^ "still many Indians of the Passamaquody 
"^ ^"d 'these Indians follow a pursuit that is al- 
"' nknown to the outside world. They shoot 
*' ". Everybody familiar with the sea has 
'""T'd these queer creatures. They are less shy 
""^showing themselves than any other inhabitant 
*"" ''„(.ean; but to see them tumbling over them- 
' '^ ' odd regular way is all the world in 


of I 

I their 

,eneral e\£ 

- has to do with them; the Passamaquod- 


I Hans however, not only shoot them, but make 

,ing mainly out of porpoise, and a living 

rned it is, too, for there is no occupation in 

He world that calls for more bravery, skill and en- 

The money is obtained by selling the oil, and pure 
wise oil brings the Indians about ninety cents a 
rallon; the oil obtained from the fins sells higher; it 
■ ,jj(.j out by itself because of its superiority, and 
valued by watchmakers and others who want an 
lil of very fine lubricating quality. 
The Indians eat the porpoise flesh — it is very 
h like fresh pork, and many white fishermen 
round the coast like it well enough to give the In- 
Sans fresh fish in exchange for it. 
There are no game laws to protect porpoises, and 
hunting goes on the year around, though the 
lubber is something like two inches thick in win- 
ai'ainst one and a half inches in summer: but, 
, the danger and suffering to the Indian, not the 
sh, .in- far greater in cold weather. 
Make a guess as to how long a big porpoise is. 
does not look, when seen from shore or from a 
learner's deck, as if he were seven feet long; but 
at he frequently is, and five feet about the girth, 
id with six or se\'en gallons of oil in his queer 

Hirch bark canoes are still used by the Indians for 
is sport, and the way they handle them in the 
ide, stormy waters of the Bay of Fundy is a reve- 
tion as to the seaworthiness of these wonderful 
hie craft. Boys must begin their training as por- 
se hunters when they are ten or twelve years old, 
iig out with an older man in good weather first, 
e Indians generally go two together, for, while 
ng the porpoise can be done easily by one in 
ooih w.iter it is not the shooting, but the landing 
him that is the ticklish business. After he is 
he is speared to finish him, and then the In- 
Bn runs two fingers in the blow hole, takes hold of 
fin with the other hand, lifts the great fellow 
'111 at least half his length is above the canoe's 
"wale, and then drags him aboard. Imagine do- 
birch bark canoe on a rough winter 
>et a man alone in his canoe under such con- 
tons will often accomplish the feat, and not so 
■'f'y he will fail, and lose his life to boot. The 
"al Ihmg is for two to work together, and then 
™ents are comparatively rare. A man has to 
"1 "1) to shoot, if the water is rough. Of course, 

e^l i"°' ''^'^ '''^ ^'""'^ '^ ^^ X^&a\. One of 
'' Indians can jtand and shoot, and at the same 
adapt every movement to the swaying of his 
• «ping her on an even keel with a success 
^'J^^ simply marvelous. 

t '"j ^'"^ "">"y sharks in these waters, and there 
lirijoi " *' ™"i<^"''':ated stories of sharks cutting 
r «s in two just as the Indians were hauling 
arfe,, ,1 ■ ''"' ">ey don't seem to mind the 

ken th '^'"''"^ ""=" °ff "'"1 'heir long spears 
^y are too encroaching. 

\ that i 

^slport, M 
"'°*'°f their oik 

with perfect cool- 
^me, is the market where the Indians 


'"''Wn'^or'"^ ^ locality in which the lover of 
""'" that°hl ^'''' '° '''^ °^ ^" g^''^^^" 5°"''"= '■'^3' 
■forests Th ™ °''.e''°w unseen in the fields and 

'" ">= mo t ^"'^^ '^ "'^' ^'^""^ P'^"' "'''' S™™^' 
"'"■are Jij*^"^"^ ^"'' delicate conservatory 
''""'^ with ^'■"'''"is in some part of the world. 
""''"' select" ^"'^''"^ ^y^ ':^" gather about him a 
*« woods ali'd °' ""'=°"""°" plants if he will go 
''''"? and i" '"'^'^ common sense precaution in 
''°'°'' "land p "^P'''"''"g wild flowers. Take the 
■"''"t. ora '""^ instance. There is not a' 

more beautiful flower than the little 

yellow bloomer that opens its petals every month in 
the year. Only the fact that they are so common 
has prevented their being a greenhouse flower. 
And there arc different varieties of them. Anyone 
who will take the trouble to look up and compare 
them, when in flower, will see that there is a great 
variety of sizes and shades of color. Some of them 
are very beautiful, and these, if transplanted care- 
fully in the corner of the garden, and the flowers 
plucked in season to prevent their seeding, will be a 
thing of beauty, all its commonness to the contrary, 

There are a great many common wild flowers that 
grow in the fields and woods that are of the easiest 
cultivation. In fact the only one that the writer 
has ever found impossible to transplant is the trail- 
ing arbutus, one of the early and most fragrant of 
wood blooms, often flowering under the snow. 
Then the fern family are almost endless in variety, 
and are rather easy of cultivation if the habit of 
the plant is noted and similar conditions given the 
variety selected. The great thing is to observe 
closely whether or not shade, sun, water, or a dry 
soil is wanted, and this is readily determined by 
noting the place where the plant grows, and then 
endeavoring to match it as nearly as possible when 
it is removed to its new home. It is a fact that a 
good many of the wild flowers will improve under 
cultivation very often, that is, a plant that is single 
in flower in a wild state will often come double with 
a little care and coaxing with the hoe. Anyone 
who wants to start a wild garden should lose no 
time in it this spring, as some Of the very earliest 
and most desirable plants flower, die down and are 
lost to sight before the greater number of plants 

Then there are different plants in different sec- 
tions of the United States, and as The Inglenook 
goes to all parts our readers can compare notes, ex- 
change plants, trade seeds, etc., and the natural 
history columns of the paper are wide open to you 
for the purpose of telling what you know in this 
line. If certain conditions of the matter be at- 
tended to by some of our young botanists and nat- 
uralists wanting to know the scientific names of 
their specimens the Editor will take pleasure in 
naming them for our readers. If he does not him- 
self happen to know he can readily find out, and 
will take pleasure in so cJoing. 



In many parts of India the monkey is looked up- 
on as a man and a brother — not a very intelligent 
one, but a man nevertheless. In some of the cen- 
trally-located tribes of the African continent these 
animals are not only esteemed the equal of man, but 
his superior; for, said a native who had been made 
captive, and sold as a sla\e: 

" If I had held my tongue like the ape, I never 
would have been brought to this condition. He 
knows that if the white man finds out that he can 
talk, he will be immediately put to work: so he wise- 
ly holds his peace." 

So human are the actions of the monkeys that it 
is little wonder that the natives consider them re- 
markably wise members of the human family. 

All animals can be trained and taught exactly as 
if they were children, and even the heavy elephant, 
in its tricks of standing on its head, climbing lad- 
ders, and forming pyramids, is quite the equal of 
some of our readers. But the monkeys, from their 
general resemblance to human beings, offer the best 
field for the animal teacher, and when they can 
once be made to attend school, we may always ex- 
pect some curious results. In all nations their su- 
perior intelligence or imitative power is recognized, 
and often utilized. Thus, the monkeys, known as 
baboons, in parts of Africa are trained as servants. 

Several years ago a monkey owned by a gentle- 
man in London was used in this way, and whenever 
its master's eyes were upon it, the baboon was ex- 
ceedingly attentive, but the least neglect, and it 
would drop whatever it was carrying, and involve 
itself in a general ruin. 

This baboon was nearly five feet in height, and, 
dressed in a suit of red clothes, was trained to sit in 
the hall of the house, and wait upon the bell. No 
sooner would the bell sound than Jocko would 
spring to the door and open it, bowing and grinning 
at the visitor, and, when asked if the master was in, 
he would take out a card upon which was written: 

"I don't speak English. Walk in." 

A Canadian climber, the Physianthm' albcns, has 
received the name of "cruel plant " from its treat- 
ment of butterflies. It fiowers in the month of Au- 
gust, and the butterflies, attracted by the perfume, 
hover around it in large numbers and push their 
trunks into the corollas to sip the honey. A pair of 
sensitive vegetable pincers in the heart of the flower 
grips the delicate proboscis, and, in spite of strug- 
gles to get free, the butterfly hangs suspended until 
it dies, says the New York Comnurcial Advertiser. 
Apparently the plant has nothing to gain by the 
death of the insect, as it is not " carnivorous," like 
the 'Venus fly-trap. In, fact, if the butterfly were 
allowed to come and go, it would tend to foster the 
species by assisting cross-fertilization. It appears, 
however, that the "cruel plant" came originally 
from Brazil, where the butterflies are much stronger 
and extricate their suckers from the trap. We may 
add that another Canadian plant, the Cnicus discolor, 
is charged with cruelty. The flower has a gland 
which secretes a viscous liquid capable of liming 
insects which are fond of it. Moreover, they seem 
to be stupefied and poisoned by it, and no reason 
can as yet be assigned for the deadly consequence. 


In matters esthetic we have learned much from 
the Japanese and perhaps nothing shows what we 
owe to them more than the improvement which has 
taken place in late years in floral decoration. From 
them we ha\-e received some of the most charming 
of our lilies and chrysanthemums, and from them 
also have learned to arrange cut flowers in an artis- 
tic and decorative fashion, which was quite un- 
known twenty years or so ago, when we were still 
content with vases filled with all kinds of flowers 
crowded together with little regard to color, and 
none at all of their nature and habits. Now we 
have learned to avoid these terrible floral mixtures, 
and to value arrangements which imitate, as far as 
possible, those of nature herself. 

Japanese have long been famed as gardeners and 
for the taste they exhibit in the way they lay out, 
plant and otherwise adorn the surroundings of their 
light wooden and verandahed dwellings. One of 
theii specialties for the adornment of their houses 
is a quaint arrangement of ferns, grown on frames 
shaped as birds, balls, little houses and a variety of 
other designs. A few of these designs are now to 
be had for sums varying from about 50 cents to 
Si. 50 and make the most charming ornaments for 
greenhouse, balcony or window. 

At the present time they are to be had in a dry 
state, with the fern roots well tied up with specially 
prepared moss, just as they are imported from Ja- 
pan. All the purchaser has to do is to soak the 
fern designs for three or four hours in water and 
then to hang them up in a conservatory or window, 
to keep them damp and to await developments. 

To an invalid one can hardly imagine a more fas- 
cinating plant treasure than one of these dry fern 
designs, gradually throwing up frond after frond, 
till the whole becomes one growing, waving mass of 
feathery verdure. 


This question, if asked of many an Inglenook 
reader, would be answered in the aflfirmative, and 
reasons would be given in the fact that a field of 
wheat, under their own obser\ation, failing in spots, 
had turned to cheat. Now the actual facts are that 
no such thing ever happened at all. The plants are 
entirely different botanically, and that one appears 
in the place of the other is due to causes having no 
relation whatever to one plant changing to another, 
no matter how much the circumstantial evidence 
seems to indicate it. 

The seed of the cheat is in the ground in all old 
countries, and it will lie there for years and years 
until a favorable opportunity is given it for germi- 
nation. This seems to be the opposite of that 
which favors the production of wheat, and when the 
wheat is barred out by some happening of season or 
weather the cheat is in its glory. Or the seed of the 
cheat may be drilled in with the seed wheat, and 
only waits its chance to develop. At all events 
there is never any turning of one plant into another 
under any circumstances. 

»»» THE » INGLENOOK i- » » 

Al a Jod M South Slalc Slrc.l. Elgin. Dlioolj. Pticc, »i.oo > ve»r. His 
> high gtadt paper lor high g.«dc lioy> and Blrl> who love good ccadmg. 
INGLENOOK wanls conlrlhullons, hrlghl. well wrilten and ol general inlereal. 
No love slotie, or any with killing or cruelly In them will be con.ldered. II 
you want your article, .cturned, II not available, iiend .lamped and ad- 
dressed envelope. Send sub.crlpllon.. atliclea and cverylhlni Intended foe 
The Inclenodk, to the following address; 

BRhriiREN FubLisHINC HowSE. Elgin. Illinois. 

Entered al the Poat Office at Elgin. III., a. Seeondllas. Mattel. 

The curfew is a survival of a rule or law of the 
Middle Ages requiring all inhabitants to put out 
their lights, cover their fires, and retire for the night. 
The derivation of the word signifies covering the 
fire. A bell was rung at a given tiine, and the hear- 
ers were expected to retire to rest. It is differently 
accounted for, some saying that it was a police reg- 
ulation to prevent night brawls, prowling under 
cover, and other authorities say that it was a regula- 
tion of William the Conqueror to do away with 
night plotting against the crown authorities. At all 
events the curfew is a very old custom. 

It has been introduced in a good many American 
cities, and it should be in vogue in all of them. It 
is in use here at Elgin, and we will tell how it works. 
At half past eight there is a bell rung, and to the 
stranger it sounds queer to hear what sounds like a 
church Ijell ringing at such an hour. It is the cur- 
few bell, and all young folks under sixteen years of 
age, of both sexes, have to be at their homes, or al 
least off the streets at that time, or they subject 
themselves to arrest and fine, or imprisonment. 

It was brought about by the agitation of the 
churches and the W. C. T. U., and it has been in 
practice for about a year with very gratifying re- 
sults. Elgin is considerable of a town, having about 
30,000 of a population, and of course the small boy 
and his sister are in evidence all over the city. At 
a church meeting, an opera, or the theater there 
would be the characteristic crowd of gamins late at 
night, hanging around the door, and it constituted 
the very worst school possible for the youth. The 
police could scatter the crowd, but had no authority 
to arrest them. The curfew ordinance changes all 
this, and there are no crowds of boys and girls mak- 
ing night hideous. They can be towed to jail if 
they arc caught now. And the law is a good one. 

Of course there are limitations and discretionary 
powers vested in the officers. Most of the bad boys 
are known to the police, arid if a boy under age is 
found on the streets, after hours, going home or 
quietly attending to his business, he is not disturbed. 
While there have been some arrests under the law, 
there have been no fines or imprisonments thus far. 
The rule is to reprimand them and let them go. 
Still the power to arrest and imprison is present 
and that is the leading feature of the law, and it 
works for good. No Inglenook boy or girl need 
have any fear of trouble when they come to Elgin 
and are out after hours if they arc quiet, well be- 
haved, and are not idling around and loitering about 
public phices. It is the bad lot that is looked after 
and required to move on homeward or be moved 
by the man with a star on his coat. There is no 
school on earth worse for the boy or girl than the 
night school of the street, and the law is all right. 
It was objected to at first, but there are no oppo- 
nents now to the Elgin curfew. 

In the first place let us have a little business talk 
over the subject. What are you, going to do? You 
have little or no money, and you propose to tramp 
till you find something to do. Now let us have a 
little common sense talk about this business. In 
the first place it will be but a short time till you are 
penniless. Then you will be in reality nothing but 
a common tramp. Nobody is going to hire a run- 
away boy, or if it is done at all the motive will be to 
get all out of you there is in the way'of work, and 
you will be ten times worse off than before. In a 
short time your clothes and shoes will give out, and 
you will be a pretty looking specimen after sleep- 
ing out for a week or so. The longer you are on 
the road the worse it is going to be for you. The 
chances are that you will fall into the company of 
professional tramps and hoboes, and then you will 
either become one of them or you will tramp alone. 
Ragged, dirty, showing every mark of carelessness 
and neglect, who will have anything to do with 
you? The chance of your becoming a thief is ex- 
cellent, and in many a town they will snap you 
up and put you in jail along with a lot of dirty, 
vermin-infested tramps, and you will be made to 
work while other boys stand around and watch you 
sweep the streets for them to walk and ride on. 

It isn't a very pretty picture, is it? It has hap- 
pened hundreds of times, and will happen many 
times again just as it is told here. The boy fortu- 
nate enough to have a home where they take the 
Inglenook would do well to stay there. 


You ouglu to have it if you are not al 
In order to introduce it into ever, T''' 
' can -'- 


taking it. 

the price 10 ^..uc aw i^n umi an can iff 

have it. It is only fifty cents to the 


low that 

end of ,1 
year. Whatever money the paper earns 
above its running expenses will go to the ^^'^ 
missions. It will come to you weekly jusr ' 
Messenger does, and you will find it ,„, 
through and through. Wherever the 1/ ' 
goes The Inglenook should be a guest as w 
you send us fifty cents we will send you th 


for the rest of this year, 
lishing House, Elgin, 111. 

Address, Breth; 

- Paptr 
'=" I'ulk 


Text: Temptation. 

This is a condition that assails everybody, though 
not always at the same point. If we were to go be- 
yond the habitation of man, there would yet come 
to us thoughts, that, if followed, would lead the soul 
astray. But the way it is in life most sins are pre- 
ceded by temptation that might be avoided. What 
is the method of avoidance? To keep away from 
it, as far away as possible. We ask God in his lead- 
ings to keep us from temptation, but it must also 
be remembered that we have a part to act in the 
matter of avoidance. We can so direct our steps 
that we will not be within sight of our tempter. 

A very good plan to avoid temptation is to have 
little faith in our personal powers of resistance. 
He who thinks he is strong is not really as strong 
as he who doubts his ability of resistance. If we 
keep away from thin ice we will not be very likely 
to break through. It is also a good idea, if there is 
no necessity for our presence there, to keep away 
from the pond itself. It is sometimes true that we 
have to face temptation whether or not we want to 
do so. In such a case it is well, in fact it is the 
only way, to put all our trust in God. Help will 
come in a way, and at a time we most need it if we 
only ask in faith. 

A mistake a good many people make is in think- 
ing that they can get close to sin and not fall into 
it. On the contrary, there is no safety whatever in 
that method. The only safe way lies in, keeping not 
only out of reach, but out of sight of the tempter as 
far as may be. Then again, there has never yet been 
a temptation that has assailed anybody but that with 
it there has also been a door of escape. Let no 
man who has sinned say that he has been put in a 
place out of which there is no retreat. The door to 
good is always ajar, if we will only ourselves open 

Our ministers who get this issue of the Is, 
NOOK are requested to examine it caiefullv 
note the fact that it is a paper well worth a pW 
their weekly mail. It is sold for the rest o(ib 
year at the low price of fifty cents. Every fsmn 
in the church should have it. Now under then 
visions of the Gish Fund a book has been brou«k' 
out entitled, " A Square Talk About the Inspiratm 
of the Bible," and this is sent to all ministers onn. 
ceipt of five cents postage. The book is well wortl 
fifty cents, and is one that cannot fail to interei 
and instruct the reader. In order to extend theci 
culation of the paper, and the diffusion ofthebool 
both the Inglenook and the publication will best 
all of our ministers who remit fifty cents subsctif 
tion for the paper. That is to say, if you are 3 m- 
ister and will send us fifty cents for the paper i« 
the rest of this year we will send you the book as j 
premium. Under the provisions of the fund ihisol 
fer is confined solely to the ministers of the Bitit 
ren church. The matter should receive your pcf 
sonal attention. Be sure to mention in your letlr 
that you are a minister and that you want the boo 
It will be sent you by the first return mail. 

Americans who dine with the Chinese are :ir 
prised at the perfection to which they have cariirJ 
their cooking. During a recent Chinese banqutl- 
San Francisco, an orange was laid at the plait n 
each guest. The orange itself seemed like any oil 
er orange, but on being cut open was found to cor 
tain within the rind five different kinds of delicali 
jellies. One was at first puzzled to explain how li- 
jellies got in, and in a worse quandary to kiiowks' 
the pulpy part of the orange got out. Colond t;: 
were also served, in the inside of which wtic 
nuts, jellies, meats, and confectionery. Whc"' 
of the Americans present asked the interpreW 
explain this legerdemain of cookery, he expanil" 
his mouth, in a hearty laugh, and shook hisW> 
and said: "Melican man heap smart; why nt 

If any of our subscribers happen to get an "''^ 
copy of The Inglenook it is sent theni that i 
i-ho is not taking I' 
,t should be in eva' 

1W& It to some person 


paper. It is a publication that 

household in the Brotherhood. 


A GOOD many boys sometimes think of running 
away from home. They imagine that there are a 
good many better places than those offered near at 
hand, and then regard themselves as badly used. 
Of course not all boys feel this way. Some of them 
know when they h<avc a good thing, and have sense 
enough to hold on to it. But there are others who 
have been thinking about it, and with them we want 
to have a little talk. 


Are you a subscriber to The Inglenook? If so 
we have no more to say other than to thank you for 
your interest in our work. But if you are not a 
subscriber you should be, and we want to have a lit- 
tle talk with you about it. This is the publication 
authorized by the Annual Meeting for the benefit of 
those too far advanced for the Young Diseiple and 
not far enough on to appreciate the Messenger. 
The result is before you. It is really a high-grade 
weekly full of interesting matter every issue. The 
old people like to read it as well as the younger 

It is a high honor to have the trust and 'J* 
ship of a small boy or girl. Very freqt^^J^; 
passes the bounds of friendship and ''«°'"",j,: 
of silent adoration of what is deemed una 

If a boy would only tell his father m 
what he would like to do and how he wou ^ ^^ ^^, 
chances are that he would get a ^'■''^^'- ^'\\^i 
ble information, the truth of which could 

Did it ever occur to you that sending ^^^^^ 
nook to some absent friend would be a g^^ ^^j,^, 
bered weekly? Fifty cents sent '^"^'^^^ ^.^n. 
paper to the absent one for the rest 

The Editor would be pleased '° ''"^ ,01- 
short stories, full of action, in line wi ^^^j,,, 
the paper, and not too long,— no' "' 
column. _- ^^^__|^^|,i,. 

If there is a worse place for a boy ^^^ ^^,,t; 
ly found than on the street corners «>• 

For fifty cents we will send The 
any address for the rest of this yea''' 




"^hods of ppoeedupe in 

rallingsf oP Liife WoPk. 



a r to learn the printer's profession the be- 

'^' °\^„M not be less than twelve years of age, 



Id have a good education. The better the 

-. ^■"n the better the printer, all other things bc- 

I jt is a calling in which both sexes may 

do" engage, and there are many women em- 

|,ved in printing offices. The old way, and a very 

(1 one to make an all-around prmter, was to 

^""'e an apprenticeship in some country office 

*'i . c the boy or girl remained for three or four 

" ^A :,« A result learned all about the business 

years, .inu as a ito 

f cetting out a weekly paper. A very large num- 
k„ of the owners and editors of country papers 
surled just that way. It had its disadvantages to 
1,0th employer and the apprentice, but there is no 
doubt but that the workmen turned out were superi- 
or to those of the present day methods. 

The way it is usually done now is for the young 
„.,„ or woman to go into an office and begin type- 
sttting. There is not much difficulty in getting on 
a country weekly. The requirements in the way of 

.irning to set type are not in and of themselves at 
all diflicuk. What will count is the education of 
the leanK-r and his manual dexterity. Unless the 
jeainer knows a good deal about correct English, or 

quick at learning, his progress will be slow and 
unsatisfactory all around. And if he is not quick 
not make a successful printer, as plain type- 
settuiL; is generally paid for by the amount done. 
Going into a country printing office to learn the 
business means but little pay at first. The work of 
;he learner is usually so ill done that the time nec- 
essary to set it straight offsets the composition it- 
sell. The principles that underlie plain typesetting 
are few and not hard to learn. But setting type is 

small part of the printer's work. There are other 

d much more difficult things to learn. 

The work cannot be mastered in its higher forms 
in a country office. One can understand how mag- 
a/uie and book printing, and all the varied phases 
of tile printer's art cannot be learned at the office of 
the ttWk/f Climon. Indeed so diversified is the 
printer's calling that there is no one man or woman 
news it all equally well, nor is life long 
enough 10 learn it. But plain typesetting, such as 
you see in this column of The Inglenook, will al- 
ivays constitute the greater part of the work of a 
printer beginning to learn the trade. 

W ithin the last few years there has been a ma- 
chine invented to set type, and it is so successful 
that large numbers of plain hand compositors have 
'« their jobs. In the city of Chicago it is said 
™l four hundred printers have been thrown out of 
TOrk by the introduction of the linotype, as the ma- 
called. But this machine is costly, and 
Mapled to city papers rather than country offices, 
Is not likely to do away with the compositor 
jni e country towns. If any reader is so situated 
afj', I ""''' '^^'■" '° operate a linotype machine, 
- ^' "^ '"'^ learned by hand, his success is assured. 
sh" 11°"^ ''"'"^ anything with the machine he 

™'(1 understand all about hand work. 

' printer's pay varies. Composition is nearly al- 
^y» paid for accordin 

ng to the amount done, and 

caPo '* '""'"" ""'formity about this. The pay in Ch 
s or other large cities is about twice ' ' ' ' 

hat it is in 

is no" '7 '"*""' ^^ ''^'"g is more expensive, 

tin ""™™ity abqut the amount paid for typeset- 

ililfer'e . '" "^"^ """"^ '°^^" different offices will pay 

''"alion '"'" '°'^ "^*^ ^^""^ '^''''^ °^ "°''''- ^''" '^"^ 
"and ",'^^"'^'' "i^t a good printer is always in de- 
" IS a line of life work that 

*ed ir, 



ts than 

: women can suc- 
ey sometimes make more expert type- 
iingthei ""^"' ''''^'"g greater dexterity in hand- 
*<"k is cf"^' ^"'^ '' '^ sometimes the case that their 
ame cla^^"7' "'*' '^' ^""^^ ''°™ '="'"'s, than the 
*P«iallv I ^*'°'^'^ ''""^ t>y "aen. It is a business 
iflen an ^ ■'Pted to women, as the man printer is 
''^^^' and h ■' '^' ^ wanderer from place to 


e IS not to be relied on at all times, while 
'anted ^"'^"^ '° ^'^'' *""* ^^ °" ''''"'■' ™*"=" ^^^ 

^"y who Ic 

!^ where "'"° ''''"'"'* "'^ business in a country of- 

^^^ forms j'^.^'^'y paper is issued and all the va- 

°' job work are done stands a better 

chance than he would have at command in a city. 
It also enables him to learn all about the business of 
getting out a paper from beginning to end, and as 
the work on a city daily is differently arranged he 
has no such chance there. The boy who starts in as 
a learner in a country office, should have in mind 
the acquirement of complete knowledge in every 
department of the work, so that he could, ifneed be, 
issue the paper completely himself. If he is ambi- 
tious the time may come when he will have a paper 
of his own, and he will then have to know all about 
it from the beginning to the end of the work. 

My advice to the boy or girl wishing to learn the 
printer's profession is to go into the nearest office 
available, to begin at the bottom, and by strict at- 
tention to business to thoroughly master the rudi- 
ments of the calling, when he is prepared to go to a 
larger office in the city. The opportunities for self- 
culture are numerous and as a rule printers are in- 
telligent men and women. 


A GREAT many of our people, if asked how the 
Bible was made, would be at a loss to give an intel- 
ligent answer. They would say that it is the Word 
of God and that it was done by inspired men. This 
is all right as far as it goes, but it is generalizing, 
and affords very little real information as to the 
facts. It is also a pity that there is no book that 
the writer is acquainted with, at least, that will tell 
the facts in a simple way easily understood by any 
person of ordinary intelligence. The Inglenook 
will try to do this, and he who reads from time to 
time may acquire some information that will clear 
up a little understood matter, or at least it will 
help to do so. 

At the time of the coming of Christ, or rather 
some little time before that period, there was a 
people called the Jews that had their headquarters 
at Jerusalem. They were numerous, and the coun- 
try was fertile and densely populated. There were 
also other nations in what is now Germany, Italy, 
Greece, and other parts of the old world. They 
spent most of their time fighting each other, for it 
was in the twilight of civilization, and they would 
band together and come down on one another 
like a pack of woh-es, either conquering or wiping 
out the people who happened to get the worst of 
the battle. In a religious way the Jews had the idea 
of one God, and for some reason the Lord regarded 
them as a chosen people and manifested himself 
to them more than to other nations. The Jews 
were what is called monotheistic, that is, they had 
one God. The other nations were polytheistic, that 
is they had many gods, idols in fact, and there was 
one for pretty nearly everything. But the Jews 
worshiped in their way the one and only true God. 
Now it so happened in their usual fighting with 
each other that the Romans, who were natural war- 
riors, conquered the Jewish people and made^them 
pay taxes, keeping an army in their country to see 
that there was none escaping their assessments by 
the Roman government. Remember that fact, as it 
is important in its bearing on the case. Now the 
Jews had been promised through their prophets that 
a Messiah, a representative of the God they wor- 
shiped, would come down among them, live with 
them, and be their Savior. They truly believed it 
and they do to this day. But it had been o\-er four 
hundred years since a miracle had been worked 
among these people, and the promise of the great- 
est wonder of them all found them in a badly mixed 
up condition. They were divided among thcm- 
seh'es, were squabbling between the sects, and had 
gross and material ideas of things. They still held 
to the idea of the one true God, and they were a 
unit among themselves in hating the Romans who 
had conquered them. So through this condition of 
things they got the idea that this Savior was to be a 
king, a great general, a warrior, one who would 
drive out the Roman army, and re-establish the de- 
parted glory of the Jewish nation. 

When God was ready Christ was born. Instead 
of a king coming in his glory with a sword and a 
war cry, there was a little child born in a small vil- 
lage in a rough part of the country, and his parents 
were common people, peasants, the father, appar- 
ently, a carpenter, and the child just like any other 
little Jewish boy. In the course of years things be- 
gan to work out. Christ began doing wonderful 
things. He said outright, and never failed to say it 
plainly, that he was the Son of God, and the Savior 

that had been promised. He was so utterly differ- 
ent from what they had expected that the vast major- 
ity would have nothing to do with him. In fact they 
tried to kill him. But he stuck to his mission, and a 
few, a very few, believed in him. His own brothers 
and sisters did not admit his divinity, and it seems 
that his parents were in doubt at times. Still a few 
stood in with him and believed what he said. He 
gathered some of these about him, and explained 
matters to them, and while they seemed to under- 
stand in the main, yet they were continually falling 
into the king and warrior idea. Prominent among 
his later followers was one named I'aul, a Jew of the 
old order kind, and there were others of varying ca- 
pacity. There was Matthew, a small official in the 
Roman customhouse on the shores of the lake at 
Capernaum, and lie was perhaps a cousin of Christ, 
and there was Luke, a doctor, and for the most part 
the rest of them were of the common people, the 
very opposite of what the bulk of the Jewish people 
thought would be the followers of their promised 
Savior. They seem to have left their business and 
took to going about with Christ, helping in what- 
ever way they could. Here and there they made 
converts and had little groups of their people. At 
one place, Antioch, they were called Christians and 
the title has stood to this day. 

In the fullness of time Christ had a public meet- 
ing outside of Capernaum where he laid down the 
platform of his belief. It is what is called the Ser- 
mon on the Mount. Then followed three years of a 
troubled ministry, and then the cruel crucifixion. If 
it had ended there no Christian church had resulted. 
He had promised them that after his death he would 
come back, and he did, and that clinched the whole 
truth. The real life of Christianity is in the resur- 
rection. Then He passed away from sight for good. 

Those who were left kept up their preaching and 
little groups of Christians resulted. They were 
called ecclesias, that is, churches. But up to this 
time there had not been a scrap of writing about the 
subject. It was all done by tafk and personal effort. 
Paul was the traveler of the lot, and he would go 
out, found a church, and then move on. After 
a while he would write that church a letter for their 
help. Remember this fact — remember it carefully. 
Paul would write the churches letters telling them 
what to do and how to do it. 

Matthew seems to have been more of a stay at 
home sort of man, and in the course of some ten 
or fifteen years after the crucifixion the common 
talk in a day and among a people that had no news- 
papers or common means of fixing facts, was such 
that the story of what Christ had really said and 
done got so badly mixed that .Matthew determined 
to write a book to set the matter straight before his 
countrymen. What he did, how he did it, and in 
what way, will be told in the Inglenook in later 
issues, and you want to read it carefully and remem- 
ber it well, for it was the very first Christian writing, 
and the oldest of the books and letters that, bound 
together, we call the New Testament. 


His Lot Is Far from Enviable— Lack of "Push." 

A " STICKIT MINISTER " is One who, having passed 
the university training and successfully survived 
the " trials," as they are termed, of the ecclesiastic- 
al courts, has reached the position of " licentiate " 
or " probationer," which, as in the case of a deacon 
in ^he Anglican communion, conveys authority to 
preach but not to dispense the sacraments, and 
makes him eligible for appointment to a parish, 
says Good Words. Until he has reached the status 
of an ordained presbyter he is not a minister in the 
full sense of the term: and if he has grown old in 
the ranks of the probationers, or taken up another 
calling such as that of schoolmaster, he gradually 
sinks into the limbo of the"stickit ministers," be- 
ing men who have stuck fast on the way to the full 
rank of presbyter. 

There are not many " stickit ministers " now in 
the strict sense of the term. Nearly every licenti- 
ate fills some office as assistant in a parish. A very 
few may remain for a time, or perhaps permanently, 
in the pathetic position of being dependent on cas- 
ual employment as preachers when a Sunday serv- 
ice is required, receiving a fee, usually a guinea, for 
their trouble. Their lot is far from enviable, espe- 
cially when under the faded black coat there is 
found a man of culture, but lacking the popular gift 
or the " push " and influence which may have car- 
ried his college chums, whom he may have beaten 
in class work, into comfortable charges. 


»»» THE * INGLENOOK » i- » 

Good ^F treading 


Where is the boy or girl who docs not like bn- 
nnnas? Some do not, but they are few and far be- 
tween. They constitute the daily food of millions 
of people and their use as a luxury is increasing all 
the time. It is a business that is continually grow- 
ing in volume and in importance. Few there arc 
though who know how and where they grow, and 
fewer Inglenook readers who have ever seen them 

The banana is a tropical plant and does its best 
where there is no frost. In fact cold weather is fa- 
tal not only to fruiting, but 'to the plant itself. 
Down in the tropics where fhey grow wild, or are 
cultivated, there are about forty varieties, and of 
these only one or two are imported into this coun- 
try. There is the common yellow one, and occa- 
sionally a bunch of red ones is seen hanging up in 
the stall or store of some dealer. The best are the 
little ones, never seen in this market. Indeed those 
who have not seen the fruit in its native country, 
and eaten it there, can hardly be said to know what 
a banana really is. True, a ripened one here is not 
bad to eat, but they must be plucked green to allow 
of shipment, and perhaps the reader has noticed a 
certain rankness and rawness of taste about some of 
them he has eaten. This is wholly absent in the 
case of tiie one cut later in its growth and ripened in 
the country where it belongs naturally. 

They grow as tall as an apple tree, but not at all 
in the same shape, and they sucker freely. When it 
is desired to set a new plant out one of these side 
shoots or suckers is broken off with a handspike ar- 
rangement used for the purpose, and the shoot ma)' 
be as big around as your arm, when, if thrust in a 
hole prepared for it, it will root and make a healthy 
banana producing plant. They are set about ten 
feet apart in the row, 'and almost any season will do, 
but the months of May and June are preferred, and 
its growth and development are very rapid. Each 
set will produce from five to eight bunches of fruit 
that sell to the dealers who buy them for about thir- 
ty-five cents a bunch. When the grower wants a 
bunch he goes along with a machete, a sort of exag- 
gerated butcher knife, and gives the stalk a slash as 
high as he can reach, cutting about half way 
through, and this causes the bunch to lop over so 
that it can be reached and cut when wanted. 

When they are shipped north it is usually through 
some transportation com[)any running boats to the 
place of growth. These jieople buy the bunches, as 
green as grass, hang them up by the thousands be- 
tween decks, and then set sail to the United States 
port it is intended supplying. Here they are sold 
to commission merchants in the business, and 
shipped all over the country. To give the reader an 
idea of the magnitude of the trade, Chicago alone 
sends $40,000 a week into the banana countiy, 
though, of course, all this fruit is not consumed in 
that city, but is distributed to dealers within the radi- 
us of its business operations. That put in cold stor- 
age will be retarded weeks and weeks in ripening, 
while the Iiunches himg in a warm, dark room color 
up in a day or two. The ripening process is pretty 
well under control. The profits are large, about 
one hundred percent to the ship people, and anoth- 
er hundred divided between the commission man 
and the final seller. 

Down where they grow the people practically 
live on them. The native with a bunch of bananas 
hanging in his jacal is safe for a week, and it is on- 
ly a question of going out and getting another 
bunch when he is not too tired. The food \alue of 
an acre of bananas has been differently estimated, 
and some, comparing it with the food value of 
wheat, say that an acre of bananas will produce for- 
ty or fifty times as much food as the same area put 
out in wheat. Humboldt, the eminent scientist, said 
thiat no hope for the advancement of the native 
of the tropics was in sight as long as the ba- 
nana grew there. The question of the food sup- 
ply was too easily solved. Indeed it would be bet- 
ter for the tropical man if the plants all died out, 
thus compelling greater activity among the people, 
and so insuring a corresponding intellectual devel- 
opment. People are never at their best where they 
do not have to work. 

Bananas are dried and made into flour, and they 
are baked, roasted, eaten " so," or prepared any 

way that the fancy of the consumer may dictate. 
The schoolgirl takes one along in her basket for her 
dinner, the working man has several in his bucket, 
and the number eaten out of hand on the street and 
in the home Is beyond calculation. The consump- 
tion of the fruit is continually on the increase, but 
there is never any danger that the supply will fail, 
for there is an unequalled chance for the growth of 
the plant. There is another peculiarity about the 
banana plant, and that is that it is a surface rooter. 
It may be planted, and in fact usually is, in a new 
coffee or rubber plantation. These latter plants are 
deep rooters and require shade. This the banana 
plant supplies, and by the time the fruit is ready to 
cut and the plants exhausted, they can all be cut 
down and the rubber or the coffee trees left. 

There is another strange thing about the use of 
the banana as an article of food, and that is it be- 
gets a dislike to ail forms of liquor. In fact the 
habitual user of intoxicants will be made sick if he 
eats too many bananas, while the habitual users of 
the fruit come to dislike all classes of intoxicants. 
This is well understood in the tropics, though it 
seems not to be widely recognized in the North. If 
found to be true In the colder sections the idea 
might be utilized to great advantage in the treat- 
ment of alcoholism. 


Foot rules and rules of every sort are as common 
to-day as postage stamps, but there was a time 
when rules of American make were not known. 
Charles Belcher came to America from England 
about sixty years ago and started the manufacture 
of rules, and it was not many years before they be- 
came known from one end of the United States to 
tlie other. Belcher's factory was at Irvington, N. J. 

Mr. Belcher was a splendid workman and an in- 
ventor of rare originality. Belcher hit'upon a de- 
vice which was in very truth the precursor of the 
tj'pewriting machine. He wanted something to 
mark the inches and fractional divisions on his 
rules, so that his workmen would not have to do it 
by hajid, which was a verj' slow and costly process. 
So he invented a system of levers, with wires. The 
rules were laid on a platform and made fast. The 
operator of the machine struck two keys and down 
came a series of markers. The whole rule was thus 
marked at one stoke. The markers were attached 
to wires just as the type is arranged on the type- 
writer; in fact, it was the typewriter principle exact- 


After the Belcher rules had become widely known 
a firm in Connecticut essayed to get into the mar- 
ket, and they sent men on to the factory to learn 
the wa)' Belcher made his wares. The men went 
back, one after another, and soon the Connecticut 
rules began to appear. They were sold much 
cheaper than those from which they were copied, 
and many dealers bought them in large quantities. 
In a few days after the first lot had been sent out, it 
came back with the complaint that they were 
warped and twisted so that their use as rules, save 
for the purpose of preserving order in the district 
school of the day, was gone. The Connecticut men 
had to send another emissary into New Jersey to 
try to steal the old Englishman's secret, but this 
they never could learn, and their goods as a conse- 
quence never reached the high standard of those 
bearing the name of Belcher. 

Years after, when the originator of the Belcher 
rules had retired, he would tell his children of the 
way the Connecticut manufacturers tried to steal 
his brains and he would laugh at the manner in 
which he managed to keep them guessing. The 
warping and twisting of the wood had been a great 
problem for him to overcome when he first started 
to make rules. The boxwood he used was shipped 
to him in schooners and he soon found that if it 
came in contact with bilge water it was ruined so 
far as his purpose was concerned. When a schoon- 
er load of boxwood for Belcher arrived, the old 
gentleman himself would go to the ship and touch 
his tongue to the end of every log. When he got a 
brackish taste he knew that salt water had reached 
it. This was a trick that the Connecticut men 
would have given a great deal to know, but it was 
guarded from them for many years. 


Away back in the earlier history of th 
say several lifetimes ago, things were 

'= Chl 


^ ° &^ *vcre verv 

different then compared with the present \ ""^ 
so accustomed to our advantages that w \ '* 
gotten the earlier brethren. In those d ,^^.''* 
sure to displease a member by using the '^ ** 
kard. It was a term of derision and «,, ' "•■ 
■ - " ""=s resent^ 

™m'.- in„i| 


as such. The term Brethren did 

later, and is not generally accepted at pre 

is a confusing word and it is not l:i-..i.- . '' 

world will ever acknowled 

The church was small 

years ago. There was no great settled We' 

and the East had all the Brethren Tl, 

■ iiiere ,.^ 

''I^^ly thatu, 
S<^ " '" colloquial ph J 
comparatively, , h„„^ 

V«l then 

Whatever of 

'Siting brethren. 

churches thi 


no Annual Meeting then, 
they had was settled in thi 
with perhaps advice from 
those days they travelled on horseback, and ih " 
was a good deal of visiting done. If i{^^j^ "' 
Sunday school, the writer does not know it Th' ' 
was no almanac, not a single publication^ noR" 
vised Minutes, not a school or college and n ' 
revival. There was not a shadow of a mission ' 
ice. The early Brethren did not believe in revri 
services. People in that day were not expecte/'j 
join the church till they were pretty well m ■ 
years, and then no effort was made to induce otl' 
siders to come in. The church stuck together prei. 
ty close, and some of their ideas would notkold 
now for a moment. For instance, it was held to bt 
wrong to engage in the butcher's business ol sellin. 
meat. The chances of going wrong were too greai 
they thought. A linen coat was forbidden, and a 
collection was an undreamed of thing. Carpels 
were out of tune with the rules generally adhettd 
to. And there were other things that would go 
hard with the present generation if they were resur- 
rected and enforced. 

People in those days were not any more hontit 
than they are at present, and not one-tenth the gen. 
eral good was done then that there now is. It is a 
mistake to imagine that the church has groiva 
worse. True it is drifting away from its ancieni 
moorings, but that is not because of introductions 
of new ideas, but because of their careless use. I( 
is all right to have a breech-loading gun, it is better 
than the old flint lock, but whether it is better mor- 
ally depends on how we use it. 

Where will the church be a hundred years to 
come? Every reader will be in his grave, and in 
most cases there will not be a survivor whoever 
heard of us or cares to do so. If there is no serious 
split the church will number several hundred thou- 
sands more than it now does, and there will be 
many changes. The Brethren of that day will 
probably refer to us as " The good old Brethren 
and lament the degeneracy of their day. But the 
Lord's work will go on just as it always has done 
and always will to the end of time. 


A Baptist church on the east side incln^'- 
among its membership a devout family consisWS 
of father, mother and a precocious cherub of »■ 

says the Kamas City Star. The pastor has 

the "S"'' 

weakness for chickens, and so has the cherub. 

the early part of the week the pastor was 

nviteJ « 

dine. The pride of the family had been [ 


coached for the event, and more attentron 


usual had been paid to his spelling. He ha 

. - -— but I' 

tered any number of words of three letters, 


I.-i our lives it is what we think, rather than what 
we say that counts. 

was still safe for mother and father to spel ^^^ 
woi'ds of two or moi-e syllables which they 
wish him to understand. _^0 

It was, " When you go down town purchase '^^ 
c-a-n-d-y," from mother, and father was always 
ing: " Get some b-a-n-a-n-a-s this "i"™'"^. ^„jve' 
pride of the household had learned that w ^ ^^^. 
you want to use a word in anyone's prese ^^ ^ 
you do not wish him to understand it ""E 
spelled out. jjioi 

There was chicken for dinner *•"=". 'i„„bvi^ 
came to dine, and he showed his appr«ia jj[nw 
questing two helpings. Only one piece ^^^.^j^i 
and the cherub in the family had not been 
It was the father who said: -g^e ' 

" Mr. . let me p-ive vou another P 


let me give you 

■ P^'^ 


The pastor, with a show of reluctance, P^^j Hi 
plate, and the pride of the family a^Pjclir;-' 
mother: " Mamma, don't you think trie v 
a p-i-g?" 


The o Cifele ooo 

Bulsar. India, President; Johu R.Snyder, Bellc' 
■<nff''Fresidenl; Otho Wenger, North Manchester. Ind 

i^ji'iic D. Kosenberger. Covington, Ohio, Secreta'ry 'siiii 
■ -imunicalions to OUR Missionary Rhaliinc 



There's a land beyond the ocean, 

Blest with nature's gifts most rare, 
Where tall palm trees faintly quiver 

In the sultry tropic air, 
Where the lotus flower is blooming 

And the rich pomegranates glow. 
While broad fields of rice are waving 

In the sunshine's fervid glow. 

Bright the land, but o'er its people 

Hangs a shadow like a pall, 
Ignorance and superstition 

Hold them in a fearful thrall. 
They have need of Christian teachers, 

Who can guide them into right, 
Who can tell the wondrous story 

Of the world's God-given light. 
What has made our lot to differ? 

Why are we more blest than they? 
We were taught to say " Our Father,'* 

They to senseless idols pray, truth and Christian knowledge 

Lead us upward to the light; 
While their joyous lives are darkened 

In the depths of pagan night. 

Oft I seem to hear their voices, 

Seem to hear the words they say, 
" Come and help us, come and teach us 

Turn our darkness into day." 
Seem to see the appealing faces 

Of the women of those lands. 
Calling us to help and save them. 

Holding toward us their brown hands. 

Will you help them, sisters, brothers? 

You have all and they have none. 
You were saved from that dread darkness. 

By the gift of God's own son. 
There are workers grandly striving 

That these precious souls may live; 
Many give their lives to service. 

Is there nothing you can give? 


Somewhere we have read a fable that when God 
ft created the birds, he made them without wings, 
k gorgeous plumage and the gift of song; they 
lid shine and sing, but not soar. Then he made 
:s and commanded the birds to go and take up 
■se burdens and bear them. At first this seemed 
lost impossible, the wings seemed a heavy load 
as they carried them over their shoulders and 
ned them over their hearts, lo! they grew fast- 
burdens became 

pinions, to bear them towards 

"r duties are our burdens, let us bear them 
•"'"lly, and soon they will grow lighter, and 
f' '" ^^ "'^ wings by which we ascend to heav- 

f «n the cross but prepares us for the heavenly 

IHAVELER standing by a cathedral expressed 

f him, " ,t ,s a fine building, and took us 
I' )«r to finish." " •What had you to do with 
" I mixed the mortar, si 

^''id the traveler, 

\\ \r"f '^P'^- "= ^""^ ^ ^hare in the grand 
iety i-,''' °' "^y share in building up human 
. ° " lioly temple in the Lord, and we may 
'"°w work even if we can do but little. 

■«P'cse!f """'~ °' °"'' missionaries at the front 
ily app"i'"f "°' ""'y Clirist, but ourselves di- 
■ice. \Y^" I ^"'^ commissioned to the same 

"2 ^ympath "''' '°"°" "''" ^° '='°sely with 
lour g|(,j ^' ■''"'' sustain them so generously 
'"ind of '- - ""^^ would seem never to lose 

■ 'casoi 

our foot 

"""On to 1 '"teps; and they would never 

'■^i F D "^^ '^'"' i" "s who have sent them 

'"<' raanv°!, ^'*'-*'"'on.— An old Hindu wor- 
king ,4n ''?° """"^ "='shed 



= water 

many streams. 

Rrah '"■"""" '" "'''"^"^ *"= ^^'^ ""' 

'iid „„„'""" dirty feet, hoping he would 

but nothino, satisfied his soul. 

>l S.11,... " '''• said 

' salv 

:.<:zf-. '-, 

I at last heard of the wa- 
"'^ and '('"'"'^'^'^'^ by Jesus Christ, and I 
*'"E up un.„ """ '' was a well of water 

" """° everlasting life." 

jfiB. Sunday m Sehool S^ 


{Lgssort for June j, IQOO.) 

Golden Text.- It is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of 
your Father which speaketh in you.— Matt. 10:20, 

In this lesson we have the recital of the names of 
the twelve who were sent forth to do the work of 
the Master, Their instructions follow. They were 
not to go among the Gentiles, nor to the Samari- 
tans, who were composed of both Jews and Gen- 
tiles, and the reason seems to have been that they 
were not yet ready for Christian instruction. The 
lost sheep of the house of Israel were to be the 
special recipients of the attention of the twelve. 

The lesson tells us some things that are well to be 
remembered. One of them is the fact that Christ 
paid so much attention to the physical needs of hu- 
manity. He taught, but he also healed, A consid- part of the account of the deeds of Christ on 
earth consists in telling what he did for physical suf- 
fering. He instructs the twelve to do likewise, 
which doubtless they did. In the consideration of 
this part of the Scriptures the question of the per- 
petuity of this command and power to heal the sick 
is a pertinent one. 

There are no limitations to God's powers, and 
none to his duly accredited ambassadors working 
along the lines of what he would have done. But 
there are metes and bounds to the judgment of 
man, and he is liable to err. The power to carry 
into effect the order of a principle is one thing, and 
the assertion of the judgment of the agent, without 
knowledge of the principal's will is another, and 
naturally it will often fail of approval. This ques- 
tion of the gift of healing has always been a trouble- 
some one among Christians, and has been bitterly 
disputed, pro and con, and it is not nearer a posi- 
tive settlement than it ever was. It will be noted 
by the reader that the services of the twelve were lo 
be generous and gratuitous. They had received in 
abundance, and they were made the recipients of 
the help of the Master without charge. This they 
were to remember and act similarly in their rela- 
tions with others. The same instruction comes 
down to us, and he who would dispense the word of 
the Lord for hire would do well to read carefully 
the instructions to the twelve originally sent out. 
As no disciple, that is, a learner, is required to pay 
for what he learns of the will of God toward his 
salvation, so no apostle, that is, a teacher, is to de- 
mand pay for his mediumship in proclaiming the 
truth. It is a strange commentary on modern 
methods of religion that this emphatic feature of 
the original instructions should have been so modi- 
fied or forgotten as to be practically inoperative in 
the majority of instances. This does not, however, 
release the helped from assisting the helper but it 
should be a gratuity without the taint of compul- 

The reader will observe in the presentation of the 
lesson in the Quarterly that no attention is paid to 
the break in the chapters. This is in accordance 
with the method in which the original Scriptures 
were prepared — that is, they were without chapter 
and verses, reading straight along from the begin- 
ning to the end. The division into chapters and 
verses is a comparatively recent invention, and is 
intended for a ready system of reference. The uni 
versality of the innovation has so impressed itself 
on the thought of the learner that he sometimes 
conceives of the originals in the same way. Such, 
however, is not the case. In the case of the cities 
and villages referred to in the lesson it should be 
remembered that in Bible times people as a rule 
lived in towns and cities, and wherever there was a 
wall about a collection of dwellings it was called a 
city, altogether independent of its numerical stand- 
ing. People kept well together in those days as a 
matter of protection, while the open country is 
e\'erywhere spoken of in the Bible as the wilder- 

Fop * the * Wee * polk 



Little people, how many of you ever received a 
May basket? 

As a rule the last night in April is known as May- 
basket night. 

All of the boys and girls in our large cities are 
to be seen scampering in the dusk of early nightfall 
with their tiny baskets filled with flowers and sweets 
for some favorite friend or sweetheart as the case 
may be. 

These young folks who have baskets to hang go 
stealthily up to the front door of the favored one 
and carefully concealing themselves they hang the 
basket on the door knob, or set it where it can easi- 
ly be discovered; then ringing the door bell the 
donor waits for the consequences. 

Sometimes he will be crafty enough to catch the 
recipient and before she is aware, has stolen a kiss 
and is gone before she can find who the saucy in- 
truder is. This is the joky side of the question. 
But we also have a better side to present. 

Oftentimes there are sick people or very poor 
folk in our neighborhood, then the May basket 
turns out to be a huge bundle of good things to re- 
lieve hunger and sickness. 

Do you think you would like to hang a May bas- 
ket? Let us all hang a May basket on some one's 
door who needs our help, and God will pour out 
his abundant blessing upon us for an act of mercy. 


The article entrtled, 

It has been calculated that missionaries on the 
foreign field bring in three times as many converts 
as ministers at home aided by Christian influence, 
workers, and literature, while the offerings of native 
Christians in mission churches now amount to up- 
ward of £550,000. 

Can Animals Talk? " in our 
paper, made me want to tell you about our David. 
Although you would never know it from the name, 
David is a bronze turkey hen. She and her brother 
Goliath were hatched in an incubator along with 
some chickens, 

David and Goliath, " Golly" for short, were given 
the front lawn as a special inducement to make 
them live. We soon learned to distinguish their 
talk and to know what they were doing. They in- 
sisted that the aster bed was the proper place to go 
in swimming, dusting, and although they knew it 
was forbidden could never resist telling just how 
nice that cool moist bed was. 

When twilight deepened they would climb to the 
shoulders of the head of the house, take off his 
glasses, pinch his ears, and all the time coax to be 
put to bed. This they did until they got too heavy 
to hold. 

By and by Mrs, David hatched some poults of 
her own and then she began to grow selfish. She 
had her coop under an apple free at the end of the 
lawn but spent the most of her time running stray 
chickens out of the yard. She never went out her- 
self, although all gates might be open. During the 
summer she found three snakes in the grass. 

Like some people she likes flattery and all one 
needs to do is to point to a chicken saying " David 
that s a nice hen," when the feathers go up the back 
of her neck and biddy has to flee for her life. 

She took her three little turks down to the rail- 
road one day when they were half grown, to see the 
train. Of course David thought the train would 
turn out for her, but it did not. Instead it killed 
two of the little ones and threw David up a fifteen 
foot bank. The track men told us of the accident 
so we went to bring them home. We found the lit- 
tle turk crying over his dead brothers and David 
hurt so she could not walk. 

She has never gone near the place since but to 
this day she has no use of one leg from the hip. If 
you were to come here she would soon tell you that 
you were a stranger and not wanted by her, any- 

She has proven herself so intelligent that we have 
decided she never shall be killed and eaten if we 
can help it. 

The editor of The Inglenook is well acquainted 
with David and can vouch for her knowing how to 

Worry kills more people than work. 

Do we judge a check by the penmanship dis- 
Don't worry. I played? Then why judge people by their looks? 


»•• THE » IXGLEKOOK » » » 


Trodablv few Inglenookers understand how mov- 
ing pictures are made, and not many liave seen 
them. If you will imagine a stereopticon view 
showing the writer of this article at his desk, oper- 
ating a typewriter, with every motion reproduced, 
life size, and recognizable by any acquaintance, you 
will have the idea. The picture is not only a pho- 
tographic reproduction of the subject, but it moves 
as he did at the time of taking the picture. There 
is no motion too fast for the machine, and it is so 
thoroughly life-like that it may well excite the won- 
der of the beholder. 

Briefly stated, the pictures are taken with a spe- 
cial camera, the shutter of which is operated by 
electrical motors. Inside is a strip or roll of photo- 
graphic film, say one hundred and fifty feet long, 
and two and a half inches wide. It may be longer 
or shorter than this. It rolls out of a light-proof 
compartment into a similarly constructed one, and 
it is so geared that it stops when the shutter is open 
and moves on when it is closed, stopping again 
when an exposure is made. .-Xbout forty exposures 
can be taken each second, and it can be seen that it 
works very rapidly. The whole business is a bulky 
and costly affair. It weighs about five hundred 

There is one drawback to the affair, and that is 
when the roll of film is exhausted the picture tak- 
ing stops till another is inserted in place. Thus it 
comes that for any continuous act to be shown by 
the picture process described here not more than a 
minute of time must elapse. It must all be crowd- 
ed into that time, although a great deal can be done 
in a minute if it is all arranged for beforehand. 
Clear sunlight is necessary for the best working of 
the camera, and it is the case that certain companies 
operate theatrical performances on the roof of some 
suitable building. At these not a word is spoken, 
but all is gone through with exactly as it is done on 
the stage, and the story has to be such that it trans- 
lates itself in words. All sorts of funny scenes are 
thus caught by the camera, and if they are of such 
a character to be appreciated by tlie public to whom 
they are exhibited they never fail to make a hit. 
As far as the picture is concerned there need be no 
occasion for it to be humorous. A baptism could 
be as well shown as a horse race. The rapidity 
with which the pictures are taken shows every mo- 
tion, each on a separate photograph, at the rate of 
forty a minute, and when they are rapidly shown 
on a screen through a stereopticon, life size, they 
travel so fast that the eye can not separate the sev- 
eral movements and the pictures seem to be mo\'- 
ing. Practically that is what they are doing, and 
thv effect is wonderful. Thus a picture of an ap- 
proaching express train shows the engine and cars 
coming on at full speed, passing and disappearing 
exactly as it does in fact. Where the pictures are 
prepared for exhibition purposes it is usuall)' some 
humorous t.ableau that is set up and which tells its 
own story without words. Thus a man is shown in 
a library. The maid coutcs in to clean up, and the 
man catches her and proceeds to kiss her, and at 
the moment his wife comes in at the other door and 
sees the whole proceeding. To the average audi- 
ence there are no words needed in the way of ex- 
planation. For a while, during the war with Spain, 
patriotic scenes were all the go. But any scene can 
be shown once it can be photographed, and the lim- 
its of the discovery it is hard to foretell. 

something. It was just opposite, and we stepped 
out and walked over. Horror! It was a little boy 
about eight years old knocked out of all semblance 
to a human being. A freight had passed a moment 
before, and he stepped off the track to the one on 
which the express was running, and he could not 
hear it and did not see it. He probably had no 
thought of what came. It was as a cannon ball 
might strike a fly. Every bone in his body was 
broken. A crowd gathers quickly under such cir- 
cumstances, and a bare-headed woman came run- 
ning. She was of the Italian laborer class and she 
took one look and shrieked aloud in her foreign 
speech. She raved, knelt down, arose, ran around 
in the crowd, called the boy's name again and 
again. Not a word did I understand, but the elo- 
quence of woe is alike in all languages, and every- 
body understood. Somebody brought a sheet, and 
it was slipped under the body. A stalwart laborer 
took him up in his arms and started homeward with 
the red spots growmg on the white sheet. The 
mother followed with one hand clutched in her 
coarse black hair, still calling her boy's name. And 
then the train started for the city again. There 
wasn't a laugh or a frivolous thing on the rest of the 
way in. All had looked on sudden death, and had 
ringing in their ears the despairing cry of the dark- 
eyed, swart-haired mother from far Italy. 

Advertising Column. 

The Inglenook readies far and wide among a class ol inteDigcnt people, 
mninly aericiiUural, and nearly all well-to-do. It affords an unequaled means 
1)1 teaching a casti purcliasing constUuency. Adverlisenients that are ap- 
proved by the management will be inserted at tliffunilorm rateol il.oo an 
inch, cash wiih the order, and no discount whatever for continued insertions. 
|i 00 per inch, first and each succeeding time. The Inglenook is the only 
organ oi the church carrying advertisements. 

Something for Ministers. 

"A Square Talk About the Inspiration of the Bible" is the 
title of a book brought out under the auspices of the Gish 
Fund and is furnished our ministers on receipt of five cents 
postage. It has about lOo pages, is bound in cloth, and is easy 
and interesting reading. But we have the unparalleled offer 
of the book and 


to the end of the year for the price of the paper, fifty cents. 
Send us fifty cents and you will get the book free. Make one 
letter do the whole business. Fifty cents and you get the book 
at once and this paper to New Year's day, and every week be- 
tween. In subscribing say that you are a minister of the 
Brethren church. Address: 

22 arid 24 S. State St., Elgin, Illinois. 

II you see this other people \v 
Let us have your ad, her 


Annual Meeting 

North Manchester, Ind. 


Missouri Pacific Rail-^ay 

Iron Mountain Route 





From points in Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana 
main line points, Kansas City and Omaha, both inclusn. 
Tickets will be on sale May 28th to 30th, inclusive. 

From points in Kansas, Nebraska and Indian Ternicri 
tickets will be on sale May 28th and 2C)th. 


You will find this the best equipped and quickest tine, U 
dining Chair Cars {seats free) and Pullman Buffet Sleeps 
Cars on all trains. A representative of the Missouri PaciK 
Railway will be in attendance at the meeting, andivillni, 
pleasure in furnishing any information desired in regard' 
this great System. 

General Passenger and Ticket Agtot, 
St. Louis, no. 

...Manchester College.,. 

Summer Term opens June 12, closes August 4. Ibav. 
nouncement will be of especial interest to teachers, as hcHi! 
to others wishing to do work during the summer for wta 
credit may be obtained on a regular course in College. Cfr- 
will be given for two-thirds of a term on any of the couw 
oEfered. The teachers are members of Mancheslet C^l!<i 
Faculty except Prof. H. S. Hippensteel, Superintendent 
North Manchester Public Schools; Troy Smith, and lAil 
kenberry. President Botetourt Normal College, Virginia, 

The Faculty:— E. M. Crouch, Professor Latin md ('■"-•^ 
W. C. Perry, Professor English and History; H. >. H.;;'- 
steel. Professor Literature and Pedagogy; L. D. Eikenkm 
Professor Mathematics; M. M. Sherrick, Professor Cer^n 
French, and Philosophy; Troy Smith, Science; C S. Eilt 

berry. Professor Vocal Music; , Professor Insimmr 

Music; E. B. Hoff, Professor Bible Exegesis; Ida Millci, ' 

Write for circular announcement which gives fuller id.''| 
mation. Tuition for the eight weeks, payable 
S8.00; by the week, §1.25. Board per 
furnished, per week, 50 cents. 

Please notice that our summer session opens soon 
clos'e of Annual Conference. A large number of younjF 
may wish to remain after the Conference lor this eigm ■ 
work. Make your arrangements to that effect, 



tW"Any one ot the above prolessors will take pleasuf<; 
with students relative to the Summer Term's work. 


1 advaii« 



We have moved from Mt. Morris, III., to Elgin, III., and are 
now selling Cap Goods exclusively. 

We are sending goods by mail to nearly every State in the 
Union. Our motto is " Best Goods at Lowest Prices." Send 
for samples free to 


Elgin. Illinois. 


The other clay we had occasion to go to Chicago. 
It was not an unusual trip for us to take. It lasts 
about an hour, and the through trains run rapidly. 
Town after town is passed, and they are pretty 
close together. The day was a pleasant one, and 
the birds were singing and the trees waving in a 
gentle breeze. The passengers were; like those of 
all similar trains, some reading, others watching the 
landscape flitting by, and there was no noise or 
confusion. Suddenly there was a chug and a grind- 
ing of the air brakes. That always means some- 
thing, though most of the passengers did not notice 
it. The train slowed up and stopped at a consider- 
able distance from the station. That meant some 
thing more, and then it began to back. That meant 
something sickening. Presently it stopped at the 
edge of the village. 

There in the middle of the road lay a bunched up 

T HAVE sold off all my expeuslve incubators, liavingmade a more pcrferl 
one iiiyscK. It is llii: liesi I Icaow in tlie busiucss, Ours cost less than 
SS'OO to make, and it holds and hatches na esgs at a time. Not a toy, 
but a rcaltlvc incubatoi, a VNOikins macliinc I use to tlic exclusion ol all 
otiieis. 1 sell a Complete blueprint plan that anybody can lollow in making. 
Enclose a 2 cent stamp and I'll tell you alt about it. Address: BUFFALO 
VALLEY POULTRY F.\RM. Lewisburgh. Peuna. 


No. 101. Price «'»• 

The mosi popular s'SilfSi:; 

?p''"?.iii''.r.'rr." »'?"« ■ 

plain 3-ounce 5 



mil and stem SCI, wa....---j-^^P 
senl by tsgisiered ""' , '")„j „l ili»'S' 
have sold oM'IX""'', "" ;,.lll""i ' 
Iho Brclhren, 1 hey ,"''", 1;-,, J, "' ". 
Order now, mcnlioo.lhjjjj' „►,- 

JVs\MS°Ea"movMitni «" ■; 

r„ sAings. bosides » "V"°°'| ," 
finesl brtquet harr-spring. J ,__ 
rale timekeepers rn tlie"0'» ,.„c»"' 

Lock Bux 32C. 

^"Write for my c 


From the Mill to the Wearer ! Wholesale Pric^^ 

Know )"=" ,,.' 


We have had years of experience in making Brethren Clothing. ^^ „ 

want. We make the cloth e.xpressly for your use, and from it cut to measure "" 'j„ilif'' 
your clothing. We deal direct with you, and do not sell to storekeepers. Nowhere e s ^^^,;,. 
can you get this opportunity. Send for samples and wholesale prices. Satisfaction » 

Hamilton Woolen Mills Co., j. 

221-223 Market Street. CHICA 

How shall 1 know thee in the sphere which keeps 

The disembodied spirit of the dead, 
When all of thee that time could willier sleejjs 

And perishes among the dust we tread? 

For 1 shall feel the sting of ceaseless pain 
If there I meet thy gentle presence not; 

Nor hear the voice I love, nor read again 
In thyserenest eyes the tender thought. 

Will not thy own meek heart demand me there? 

That heart whose fondest throbs to me were given; 
My name on earth was ever in thy prayer. 

And wilt thou never utter it in heaven? 

In meadows fanned by heaven's life-breathing wind. 
In the resplendence of that glorious sphere. 

And larger movements of the unfettered mind, 
Wilt thou forget the love that joined us here? 

The love that lived through all the stormy past. 
And meekly with my harsher nature bore. 

And deeper grew, and tenderer to the last. 
Shall it expire with life and be no more? 

A happier lot than mine, and larger light. 
Await thee there; for thou hast bowed thy will 

In cheerful homage to the rule of right. 
And lovest all, and renderest good for ill. 

Vet, though thou wgar'st the glory of the sky, 

Wilt thou not keep the same beloved name. 

The same l,iir, thoughtful brow, and gentle eye. 
Lovelier in heaven's sweet climate, yet the same? 

Shalt thou not teach me, in the calmer home. 
The wisdom that I learned so ill in this— 

The wisdom which is love— till I become 
Thy lit companion ip that land of bliss? 


This is a story of a good brother of the Catholic 

iMch who got himself into trouble asking too 

«y questions. The caption would indicate that 

Jierrcd to some later brother who had a habit of 

■"g off when he went to church, but it came 

lurch ,?.'"°"^'' before there was a Brethren 

: happened down in dreamy Mexico, and 

.in„.d r "'' '"■°"'"'^ grave, that is, it was 

lu are'.l "^ ""' expected to believe the story 
Back "P<="<=d to do so. 

'«" m th t, '"'' "^ "^ ^^y '" everything 

' -fernoon ,t"'^"' " '' ^'"^^^ '«'° °''^'°'^'^ '" 
"lered all ' """^ '^ ^°°'^ ""'"y "convents 

'" Priests°'''h""' """"">'' They were peopled 
'■mple m' T^ ''"' "^"^ P"y'"g and surrounded 
^ " for ih" '"dians who did the work, and 
" '" Cham ^"J'"' "' ^^^'" '°"'^' The convents 
"P^ral fathr °f ^°"^^ '"'^'' '"■°"i«'' who was the 
** » iollv „ ' °1 *" ""^ others, and sometimes he 

f^mon: "u ' '"'"'"«. -It least. 
> wa' Jl 'y'^o'-dinate brothers 

and again he was an aus- 

'nd °h"v- '"'?•''"■ "= ^vas a 

fliisitive '"^'"E httle to do and 

'« hh s, "■■". °^ ""'"d he was 

'"^ should u""'' '" °^'=' do all 

'"" he (,„, r^'^ ^°"<^' ""tier the circumstanc 

I h 

of the con- 
being of an 
not satisfied 
his thinking. 

'*ve done 
^' ^e got , 7 ' "'"^^' ine circumstanc- 

b '"" '"'o Irouhl "^ questions. This is what 

"^ in th r " '^°'^^"'i do to ask too many 

»:, "■''<^donin,u"''"'°'''= <:'i"fch, or at least it 

V °"' Brother ^"'"f^y^- But instigated by the 

■"''«■ "he Sun '°°'' '' '"'o his head to 

y "leolo'^v'^c"" " "'^"" of f^'i'h, a ques- 

"■= 'ou'^d r ^^ ^="^ "0 business what- 

'"^t good old man in his study 

reading a rare old edition of one of the Fathers 
and absorbed in his subject. After he had read a 
while, and meditated more, he became aware of 
Brother Anselm's presence, and he bade him proceed 
with what he wanted. Brother Anselm said that he 
had come for information. The Superior was all 
graciousness, as information was one of his strong 
points. So encouraged Anselm was emboldened to 
state his trouble by saying tiiat he hatl lost much 
sleep, and needed rest, over the question whether 
eternity could be measured. Brother Anselm would 
like to know. Nothing was easier to the Superior 
and he confidently informed him that under no con- 
ceivable circumstances could eternity be measured. 
And now Brother Anselm, doubtless instigated by 
the devil, proceeded to entrap the Superior and 
earn trouble for himself. He again asked whether 
time was a part of the eternity that followed. He 
was answered without hesitation that time was cer- 
tainly a part of eternity. Then Anselm asked 
whether time could be measured. He was an- 
swered benignantly that it certainly could be. 
Whereupon Anselm sprung this question on his 
spiritual head. He asked how it was that if a part 
of a thing could be measured that the whole of it 
...-CfluId.notJje, how, it came that a thing without be- 
ginning or ending could be measured at all, as the 
Superior had said that time was a part of eternity, 
and that time could be measured, why was it that 
no part of eternit)- could be measured? 

The Superior bowed his head a moment and then 
he spoke up: "Thou perverse son of the Evil One. 
Why do you come here with thy doubt and thy 
questions, disturbing holy men in their meditations? 
For forty days shalt thou do penance helping the 
cook. Go." And Anselm went out with a heavy 
heart. Forty days of scraping pots, and mopping 
the floors, all because the Superior could not answer 
a plain question! It was hard indeed. 

Down in the kitchen he was received with silence 
and set to work scrubbing. After he had finished 
that work he was given a basket and told to go to 
the Indian village, a short distance away, and get 
some lettuce for supper. He started and in due 
time got what he went for. Trudging homeward he 
met a couple of Indian maidens, and he stopped to 
talk to them. See how underhandedly the enemy 
works. Instead of going about his business he 
stopped to talk with women. He even patted one 
of them on the head in a fatherly sort of way. It 
was a wonder that he was not snatched away in- 
stantly. But a worse thing awaited him. 

On the way to the convent he felt drowsy, and as 
it was a long time till sundown he was tempted to 
take a nap under a tree. So he slept, a little, as he 
thought, but when he woke up the stars were shin- 
ing overhead. Here was a pretty kettle of fish, and 
moreover the basket had disappeared. There was 
nothing to do but to go on to the convent and e.x- 
plain matters as best he could and take whatever 
punishment he had imposed on him, and he had no 
doubt but that it would be a heavy one. Arriving 
at the convent gate he noticed that the rope at- 
tached to the bell was strangely frazzled out since 
he left that afternoon, but he gave it a good pull 
and awaited results. 

Presently a youngish man that Anselm had never 
seen came shuffling to the gate, demanding what 
was wanted at that unseemly hour. Anselm ex- 
plained. The young man demurred, but finally let 
him enter. Anselm thought that he might as well 

door, and entered. In place of the Superior he had 
entrapped with his questions on time and eternity 
was a man he had never seen. He stated his defec- 
tion and begged pardon. He admitted that he was 
overcome by the Evil One. and he told all about 
the Indian girl business. The grave and reverend 
listener put his hand to his head in deep thought. 
Then he arose, went to the records, took down a 
very old volume, and turning the pages carefully 
read how that, two hundred years before, to the 
very day, one, Brother Anselm, had gone on a jour- 
ney to the village for lettuce and was never heard 
from again. There was a further brief note that it 
was clear that the enemy had carried him off bodily 
as a punishment for meddling with questions that 
did not concern him. It all dawned on Anselm in 
a moment. For asking questions about time and 
eternity he had slept two hundred years, instead of 
his nap that he had contemplated. He went back 
to his cell, and in the morning took up his duties 
again, but he was never known to ask another ques- 
tion again. In due time he died and was buried in the 
corner where the writer was shown his 
was also informed that 

grave, and 
the tree under which he 
slept could also be seen had it not been cut down 
spitie two hundred and fifty vears ago. All n f 

I was expected to believe and so are you. 
And remembering Anselm's nap don't ask too many 

♦ , 

On a summer's evening you may see Arcturus 
high up in the south or southwest in June or July, 
and further down in the west in August or Septem- 
ber. 'Vou will know it by its red color. That star 
has been flying stiaight ahead ever since astrono- 
mers began to observe it at such a speed that it 
would run from New York to Chicago in a small 
fraction of a minute. You would have to be spry to 
rise from your chair, put on your hat and overcoat 
and gloves and go out on the street while it was 
crossing the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Liv- 
erpool, .-^nd yet if you should watch that star all 
your life, and live as long as Methuselah, you would 
not be able to see that it moved at all. The jour- 
ney that it would make in 1,000 years would be as 
nothing alongside its distance.— )'«///; 'j Compamoii. 

• ■ 

Robert Frank, the well-known artist, is a self- 
made man. and not until he had become self-sup- 
porting did he have a chance to pursue the regular 
studies which most people have in earlier life. 
When he began drawing for a living, his workman- 
ship was so excellent that he had no trouble in se- 
curing orders. One day he delivered some sketch- 
es to an employer who said, " By the by, Frank, I 
want a picture drawn in a great hurry. It is a nov- 
el thing, a boxing kangaroo." 

"Ja. wohl." answered the artist, "I will have it 
ready to-morrow for you." 

" You know what a kangaroo is. of course? " 

Frank must ha\'e been thinking of an ostrich, be- 
cause he answered with a complacent smile: 

"Ja. gewisslich. It is a long, tall thing mit lots 
of feddars." And " Feddars " has been his nick- 
name ever since. 

1 • I 

A LEARNED minister was in the habit of preach- 
ing abo\'e the heads of his village hearers. 

The squire of his parish met him one day, and 
asked him what the duty of the shepherd was. 

"To feed his flock, of course." was the reply. 

Ought he then," said the squire. " to place the 
go to the Superior and set matters right and get his I hay so high that but few of the sheep can reach 
punishment at once. So he sought the well known I it?" 

!>»» THE » INGLENOOK »»» 

U CofPespondence M 


Mecca is the holy city ol Islam, and is forbidden 
to Christians. There are several pilgrimages made 
each year to this religious center, and thousands 
and thousands of devotees make the trip. A Chris- 
tian would be torn to pieces if he were known to be 
such. Yet several such persons familiar with the 
language and the religious customs of the people 
have safely made the dangerous trip. Speaking of 
a part of his experience a writer in the H':i/<- World 
Magazine sa>s : 

Our preparations were quickly made. I procured 
a mule for myself and a donkey for my companion. 
A second mule carried our scanty effects. 

Never shall I forget the spectacle that presented 
itself as the monstrous caravan set out in the direc- 
tion of Mecca. Altogether there could not have 
been fewer than 3,000 souls in this wondrous med- 
ley, in which were rejiresented almost all the na- 
tions of the Orient from Bosnia to Malaga, and 
from Tunisia to Nigeria, Persia, Algeria, Arabia, In- 
dia, Afghanistan, Syria, Bokhara— all were repre- 
sented in that marvelous throng. There were women 
and children, too; and every individual was riding 
either a mule, a donkey, or a camel. You may 
imagine, then, for yourself what a wonderful array 
of peoples set out on that eventful morning, from 
the unclean town of Jeddah. Most of the animals 
were decorated in a very quaint way. In some cas- 
es artificial flowers were sewn all round the saddle— 
which, by the way, was usually stuffed with straw 
50 stiff and sharp that it penetrated through the 
saddle-cloth, with very painful results to the rider. 
Then, again, the animals' tails were decorated 
with large paper flowers; and I should be afraid to 
tell yon how many little bells were hanging round 
the neck of each beast. Finally, each mount was 
provided with a single large bell weighing at least 
four pounds. -So you see that sound as well as sight 
was remarkable in this caravan. The first few 
hours of our journey found me in high spirits. I 
was delighted and interested in the novelty of our 
, situation, and the anticipation of new sensations to 
come. After a time, however, I felt so uncomforta- 
ble in my saddle that J got off and walked. Later 
on, the constant uproar made by men and beasts 
gave me a violent headache, and lon^ before we 
reached Mecca 1 was heartily sick of my pictur- 
esque fellow pilgrims. 

After four days' travel we reached the outskirts 
of the city, and received a great ovation from an- 
other huge body of pilgrims who were there en- 
camped. They told us there was no accommoda- 
tion of any kind inside the city, so great was the 
crowd of pilgrims. 

".So," thought 1 to myself, as T survejed the 
strange city before me, " this is the pilgrimage to 
Mecca, is it? Well, even I never believed that the 
thing could be done so easily and simply. Here I 
am safe and sound, and without having encountered 
the least danger!" 

When 1 looked upon the thousands of fanatics 
around me, however, 1 did not feel quite so secure; I 
realized in a moment that one incautious word 
might mean death. I think I felt my first tremor of 
nervousness when 1 noticed that many keen-eyed 
Arabs had their eyes fixed upon me, particularly 
when they saw me gesticulating in absent-minded 

Ne\er shall I forget entering the Great Mosque 
with my priest friends of the pilgrimship. I hung 
back at first and pretended I felt unworthy, but was 
urged on, and at length ga\e way, entering with 
about a hundred other grave sheiks. Presently it 
began to dawn upon me that I was looked upon as a 
high Hadji or priest, and this impression was con- 
firmed when I came to make m\- ablutions. These 
peculiar ablutions, by the way, worried me exces- 
sively, partly because they were a great trouble, but 
mainly because I feared some incautious act might 
betray me. I trembled when 1 reflected then- must 
be many things in the anaita of Islam of which 1 
was ignorant, but on pondering these things I came 
to the conclusion that it would be safer for me to 
assume a silent demeanor and one of great religious 
fervor, rather than give the priests an opportunity 
of talking to me. 

Accordingly. I perpetually chanted verses from 
the Koran and pious ejaculations generally. The 

famous formula of Islam was ever on my lips. 
Moreover, the moment I heard the name of the 
Prophet I would burst out into benediction both 
varied and voluble. I was getting on extremely 
well, and could see 1 was making a most favorable 
impression upon the high dignitaries present. 
Each morning they invited me to a special prayer 
or reunion of the high Moslem priesthood— a func- 
tion which took us one solid hour to get through. I 
was indeed getting deeper and deeper involved in 
spite of my desperate efforts to court obscurity. In 
my anxiety I had overdone it, in fact. I_ felt it a 
terrible ordeal when I was compelled to posture 
like an important priest and not as a mere novice. 

Many times I made grievous mistakes in the mid- 
dle of a prayer, but always had sufficient presence 
of mind so to act that the aberration was attributed 
solely to a sudden access of religious fervor. 
Whenever I blundered I would raise tremulous eyes 
to heaven and positively roar out prayers and ejacu- 
lations, with a fervor which was not altogether 
spurious— inasmuch as I really found myself in a 
position which called for all the prayers I could 

It is quaint at this distance of time to -reflect up- 
on the effect of this ruse. The priests near me 
would point me out quietly and murmur softly; 
"Ya Allah ziaretho Kaboullah," Oh God, accept his 
pilgrimage! — obviously under the impression that 
my soul was being lifted up in a kind of ecstasy. 

prayed for their miserable souls till he wa 
he arose and said that he 'was ready t 1> 

His captors were greatly affected by the 
and "guessed he mout go." 

So Williams started off without a word 
the mountain man is not what he calls" ■ /^°* 
man " and his mind works a little slow! * 


The following true story was told the writer by 
the leaders in the matter, and as it is interesting in 
several ways it is reproduced for the first time for 
the benefit of our Inglenook folk. Down in the 
mountains of Eastern Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina, during the war of the Rebellion, the popula- 
tion was pretty well divided between the two sides. 
There was a peculiar condition in the North Caro- 
lina sections. There might be soldiers on either 
side from neighboring houses, and it has been 
known that members oi the same household chose 
different sides. There was never \-ery much open 
hglitmg, but there were four years of the worst 
kind of bushwhacking, in which the neighbors laid 
in wait for each other, and potted one another with- 
out compunction. Naturally a bitter enmity sprung 
up, and it is not all over to this day. 

There was a union man by the name of Williams, 
we will say, and he was also a local preacher of the 
mountain type, with a wonderful gift of prayer. It 
was he that told me the story, and the dead earnest- 
ness of the man was plainly seen. He saw not the 
slightest humor in the story, and told it to me as an 
instance of the efficacy of prayer. It seems that he 
had been using the pulpit to score his rebel neigh- 
bors, and they declared that they would kill him 
when they caught him. And one day, after a par- 
ticularly vituperative sermon on the preceding 
Sunda)', in which he consigned the whole rebellion 
to a very warm place, they actually did catch him, 
red handed, with a gun in his hands. He was out 
bushwhacking and there was no denial either made 
or attempted. 

It was a bad arrangement for the preacher. 
There were five of the enemy, and only one of him, 
and the five were a specially bad lot. They told 
him frankly that they were going to shoot him, and 
he had no earthly doubt but that they would. Then 
the preacher's instinct asserted itself, and he asked 
the last favor of prajing before they shot him. It 
was all so perfectly natural and eminently praise- 
worthy that it was at once assented to without ques- 
tion. The mountaineer is naturally a religious man, 
and he respects the work of the church. Well, 
Williams got down on his knees and the others un- 
covered their heads. Instead of praying for him- 
self he let loose in general terms about the rebellion 
and its leaders and then he got around to the five 
before him. He told the Lord, calling them by 
name, of all the mean things each had done, and 
now they were about to round out their many 
crimes with the murder of an innocent servant of 
the Most High. He never said a word about him- 
self, but prayed for his captors, and the few 
bors in the vicinity will tell you to this day that he 
could have been heard for half a mile in every di- 
rection. He went over the lot collectively and in- 
dividually, and when he had consigned the whole of 
them to the lowest and hottest part of the pit and 

moment they concluded that they had bee 
with, and they agreed to kill him anyhow H '"' 
in sight, and they called on him to stop. Wir'* 
only walked the faster, and then they cried th' *"' 
didn't stop they would shoot, whereun 
preacher broke into a run while they shot H 
away all right enough. The writer asked hini'?' 
he didn't go back. He replied, "Well si, 
prayed an' I prayed, and the pra'r wuz ans„",' . 
and I'm that kind of a man that I don't » 
bother the Lawd too much about sich a littl • tt, ° 
an' I thought I'd bettah help myself while I couM 
The neighbors will tell you of the happc„i„ ',j^ 
this day, and there isn't a glint of humor in tlici 
cital of the preacher's combining hisleosuim 
prayers. After all it isn't such a bad idea in f 
it is good theology all through. 


A CORRESPONDENT from Donegal, Ireland, in „ 
interesting letter tells how the working girls of Ir. 
land are hired. He says: The girls range llun^ 
selves in rows in the hiring market, and stand ft™ 
the day long, while the big farmers and wives pi,. 
along the lines and view each girl at every an^le k, 
judge if she is strong enough for the heavy »,j[l 
their hired girl must do, and they question ht-ravt 
her ability to make "tubs" for cattle, loliftr 
carry weighty tubs and pots, to cook for the faoiili 
and to feed the pigs, and — most important of all- 
what wages she expects a half year. According 1 
her size and strength, she may ask anything fni: 
S16 to S25. Her intending employer ridicules I 
idea of " a light, wee bit of a cutty like you " .askio, 
so much, offers her far less than she is really ivnr 
to her, haggles, goes off and comes back, and final 
ly employs her, after succeeding in bringing doHc 
her price. 

Before closing the bargain, she, in turn, inquire 
how many mouths are in the household, hoir mint 
cattle, how many pigs, how far a Catholic cluprl 
from the place, and, as her employer is general 
Presbyterian, insists on being allowed to .itlo 
mass every Sunday— or, in some rare cases, en 
alternate Sunday. AH this arranged, she mouoi 
the car with the farmer and his wife, stows her lit 
bundle in the " well " of the car, and is driven oil 
her new home. And in this new home, thought- 
is all alone among a strange jjeople ofastot 
faith, she is strong and self-reliant .ind unleain. 
She has been taught how to lean upon Godsi> 
and in spirit, night and morning, she joins 
prayers with the prayers of the poor mother « » 
home is pleading fervently for her. And thej^ 
knows well that at the end of the rosary ew' 
night, the whole household join the mother m 
Pater-and-Ave for little Mary, who is among* 
black, i. e., the utter stranger; that God »° 
Virgin may watch over, guard, guide and |i^^ 
her, and fetch her back safe in soul to oui ' 


■ * 


Some of your readers might like W ''"°'^, ,, 
new way to study owls. Some friends ^» ^^ ^ 
shooting a day or two ago. One ^ ° ^^^j j, 
wounded the wing of a big Virginia o^^^^^^^ 
He was advised to kill the bW, b"' ^™^^p„* 
so. He zvas going to study the birdalivc. s 
big bird down behind him in the blind. ^^^^. 

Soon a duck came flying along, and ^^^^^^\.* 
low in shooting he sat on the owl. ^^ j,j jli' 
liking this way of being studied, fa>'=" ^^^^,,1 
into his back and refused all attempts^ ^^^^^^ 
go, and the more they tried to g^' "'" , ,|,f »'' 
er he pinched, and from the howling ^^,^„i 
would appear as if the oivl was stin/f'i 
stead of the man studying the owl- .j Id^ 

The bird had to be killed before hf ^i,,; 


and although it may be some ti 

can sit down, he knows more 

did. .^__^-,— — 

It's too late to spare when all 

about oivl 

is spen'- 


»f » THE » INGLENOOK »»» 

,^ flatupe * Study —^ 


dins a history of the world one is struck by 
'^rstruction accomplished by each successive 
''" "list rose to greatness. Not only was hu 
"'""crificcd wantonly, but every victoriou 
'^'' w 1 soecial point to destro>- the strl 

,,;.., special pou 
ladc 1' " 1^ , 

• the conquered. 

s army 

tells us of great cities like Babylon and 

rcart'l t>y 

'lh,!°e, which have been utterly swept from the 

''" ("the earth, and thousands of smaller cities 
face 01 111^ 
m shared the same fate. 

11 is not unnatural that a fierce soldier)- should 
„, despoiled a city of its treasures of gold and 
her and gems of art, but it is impossible to imag- 
" \hvthey should have been allowed to level pal- 
■es arid hovels, alike, and reduce all to one general 
It must have been from sheer love of de- 

Tlie day has gone by for such wanton exhibitions 
,[ power, but the destructive taint still lingers in 
lized man. Americans possess it in a marked 
je„rec, and there being no towns to destroy, it is 
xhibited in attacks on nature. 
The buffalo has been exterminated, game of all 
,ul is ruthlessly slaughtered, the innocent birds 
re l<ill''d wholesale, natural scenery is defaced or 
ned, rivers are polluted and great forests are giv- 
inover to the axe. Everywhere, the effort is to de- 
troy, either for gain or out of mere wantonness, 
ind never lo replace. It is only of late years that 
,e law has been invoked to check this willful waste. 
In 1S52 a hunter, named Dowd, discovered a 
e of giant trees in Calaveras, California, and 
hen he gave a description of them he was de- 
lounced as a falsifier. Since then other gro\'es 
ive been disco\'ered, the largest being in Mariposa 

The Calaveras groves attract rather more visitors 
an the others, because they are a little more ac- 
Ten trees in the larger groves are thirty 
:et in diameter. One of the fallen giants is forty 
et in diameter and is estimated to have been four 
nJred and fifty feet high. It was the hoary mon- 
irch ijf the grove and died of old age, say about two 
ousand five hundred years. A hollow trunk 
lied the " Horseback Ride," seventy-five feet long, 
Is name from the fact that a man may ride 
gh it upright on horseback. Just after the 
iscovery of the grove one of the largest trees, nine- 
two feel in circumference, was cut down. Five 
en worked twenty-two days in cutting through it 
ith large augers. On the stump, which was 
laned off nearly to the smoothness of a ball-room 
oor. there have been dancing parties and theatrical 
riormances. For a time a newspaper called 77/.- 
V Tm Bulletin was printed there. 
In all there are about twenty of these groups of 
K trees on the western slopes of the Sierra Neva- 
»,biit eight of them, three in IVIariposa, two in 



s, one in Tuolumne and two in Tulare, are 

°5> important and best known. Botanists call the 

Jjimnioth tree the Sequoia gigantea, and it is relat- 

Ih r '"'™°°''>' "'••>' g'ow to an enormous size 

f t-oast Range but no redwood was e\-er seen 

»as comparable in size with the big trees of 

-^t Sierra Nevada. 

«yt'he"°'' ^'°'^°'""^ 'ha' the United States shall 
"iial m.r"^ '" "-^'^"^''^s County, and make a na- 
of them. In no other way can they be 
r cut A ^' '" P'''^^'<= hands they will eventually 
Hilary °a"' '°' '^'■'^"ood, if nothing else, as the 

"ler ii 


merican has no respect for antiquity, 
"ature's glories or the monuments of man. 


"■"nment 7^^"'' h^^e very little knowledge of 
^'^'Treasi"^"'^ outside of the State, War, 
"'■"iiich is'h^-*"'' ^°" '-"'''='=■ ^"^ '"■^ "°' ^^^"■■^ 
"''''olthis "^'"^ "^"""^ in a scientific way for the 

>" 's this t*"'' ^.^'"'^'h"g generations. Espe- 
"1 conies'" , '" ^"'hropology, under which 
'""= of these '^° '^''°" °' skulls and skeletons. 
!!'^ in the ,„„l'!"""'^'" ^"^ "°' duplicated else- 

'"e is 

' '^<^"turies ago in a rainless coun- 

very notable collection of nineteen 

illustrate prehistoric tre- 

try beneath dry sand-mostly in a sitting posture 
with the knees under the chin. Instead of decay- 
ing, they became completely desiccated and were 
thus preserved. Some were entirely • naked, and 
others swathed in skins or matting, which covered 
alternate layers of leaves, grass and seaweed. A 
few of the mummies had false heads, with long 
tresses of human hair or vegetable fiber as a substi- 
tute. They are from three hundred to one thou- 
sand years old. The skulls show plain evidences of 
surgical operations, large pieces of bone having 
been removed from some of them, and in about one- 
half of the cases it is evident that the patients re- 

During the last few years the government has 
dug up some very queer human remains in various 
places. From a prehistoric mound in Alabama was 
obtained a skull that was completely filled with 
snail shells, though for what purpose cannot be 
imagined. Near Chillicothe, Ohio, were unearthed 
several skeletons wearing copper masks— another 
unique discovery in archajology. Most remarka- 
ble of all was a human skull of iron — not produced 
by artifice, but so made by nature. It was found 
imbedded in a mass of iron ore, and evidently it 
was inclosed in that way originally by some acci- 
dent. In the course of centuries the bone was dis- 
integrated gradually by the action of water, each 
particle being replaced by a particle of iron, until at 
length the skull was no longer bone, but metal. Its 
structure in the iron is perfect in eveiy detail, save 
that the top of the head and the lower jaw are miss- 

Recently the National Museum has been enriched 
by Dr. Becker, of the Geological Survey, who has 
brought from the Philippines two skeletons of 
dwarfs belonging to the curious aboriginal race of 
that archipelago known as ^Etas, or more familiarly 
as Little Niggers. They are the first of their kind 
ever fetched to this country, and are considered 
very interesting, inasmuch as they represent the 
lowest existing type of osseous framework. 
Though adult, the capacity of the skulls is only 
about three-fourths of that of an average American 
cranium, and the arm bones are so long that the 
owners must haire been able to touch their own 
knees with the tips of their fingers when standing 
erect. The eye-holes are notably long, and other 
characteristics, particularly the formation of the 
jaws, are very monkey-like. Even the feet are dif- 
ferent from ours, the big toe being more developed 
and the three outer toes of each foot so modified as 
to turn inward, like those of some monkeys. 

The .-Etas, together with the Kalangs of Ja\'a 
and the pygmies of Central Africa, are the low- 
est human beings on the face of the earth, ap- 
proaching most nearly to the theoretical type of 
the Missing Link. They were the earliest in- 
habitants of Polynesia, and remnants of them 
still linger in some of the larger islands in that part 
of the world. The men average only four feet eight 
inches in height, and both sexes ha\-e a strikingly 
ape-like appearance. Their wool is black, their 
heads seem too large for their bodies, and their jaws 
project beyond their noses, while their faces are 
wrinkled in deep lines like those of monkeys. 

They live wild in the forests, much after the man- 
ner of monkeys, sowing no plant, subsisting on wild 
fruits mainly, and indulging in no intercourse with 
more ci\ilized human beings. A sort of traffic they 
carry on in gold, precious stones, rare plants, and 
birds' skins, which one may purchase from them by 
depositing in a recognized spot little mirrors or oth- 
er articles which they covet. These articles they 
will take away in secret, replacing them with their 
own merchandise. 

diseased. There is no pretense of treatment, 
scarcely of supervision. Consequently all suffer 
from mange, and the dogs spend their time in fight- 
ing. They are covered with open wounds, and, in 
short, the spectacle is horrible. One odd detail 
funny though disgusting, must be mentioned. The 
subscribers are mostly Jains-the small but wealthy 
remnant of the old Indian Buddhists. Insects must 
not be overlooked, of course, in a charitable institu- 
tion which they support. So an apartment is allot- 
ted to this variety of creature. But to provide 
them with food is not so easy, since dogs or other 
animals shut in their " ward " would suffer-which 
IS not to be endured. But man is a free agent, and 
if he be willing to suffer for a compensation the in- 
sects may be fed without sin. So once a month or 
thereabouts some wretched outcast is hired for a 
sum of money and drink, bhang or opium at discre- 
tion. Drugged to insensibility, he passes a night in 
the chamber. 

But there is one such hospital at least admirably 
managed, as all agree— that at Sodepur, by Calcut- 
ta. No neglect there; the society of wealthy Hin- 
dus who founded it some thirteen years ago keep it 
under supervision. There is a veterinary surgeon, 
well qualified and well paid, with a sufficient staff] 
and no less than eighty servants. At the beginning 
of this year they had in charge 129 bulls, 307 cows, 
171 calves, 72 horses, 13 water buffaloes, 6g sheep', 
15 goats, 141 pigeons, 44 cocks, 4 cats. 3 monkeys 
and five dogs— 979 inmates. Our dogs' home 
makes a poor show beside this grand foundation— 
not less well conducted either, as is alleged. Per- 
haps its excellence may be due to European teach- 
ing and example in other departments; the im- 
measurable charity of the east flourishes anew un- 
der the occidental impulse. 

Another pleasing instance should be cited. By 
Bhurtpoor Grant Duff observed a piece of woodland 
inclosed— they told him that it belonged to the 
maharajah. " He is a great sportsman, I suppose?" 
said Grant Duff. "No," they answered, "his high- 
ness thinks it wrong to take the life of any creature. 
But when he sees cattle ill or past work he buys 
them and puts them in that inclosure to end their 
days." And they quoted Jehanghir: "A monarch 
should care for the beasts of the field, for they and 
even the birds receive their due at the foot of the 
throne." Jehanghir was a drunken tyrant, but it is 
not impossible that he said this. 



At Bombay and Ahmedabad also there are fa- 
mous hospitals for brutes, the former munificently 
endowed by Sir Jamsetji Jeejeebhoy, though the 
Parsees have one of their own. It must be admit- 
ted that neither travelers nor residents speak well 
of them for the most part. Those who know India 
might not accept these reports with implicit faith. 
But it seems too likely that benevolent natives may 
be content with providing shelter and food, indiffer- 
ent to all else. It would be consistent with other 
imperfections of their character. 

We are told that the great hospital enriched by 
Parsee benefactions, called Pinjorapol is simply a 
receptacle for stray animals, halt and maimed and 

There are few people in the heart of London 
who keep bees, but the Baden-Powells stand abso- 
lutely alone in having an apiary in their drawing- 
room. Baden-Powell, it will be remembered, has 
distinguished himself in many ways in the present 
South African war. In the Baden-Powells' drawing- 
room, surrounded by costly works of art and price- 
less bric-a-brac, standing on ornamental alabaster 
pedestals close to a great organ which takes up all 
one wall of a lofty room overlooking Hyde Park, 
are two large straw beehives, with glass windows 
that allow the bees to be seen at work within. 

Of course the bees do not fly about the room, but 
they escape into the outside worfd through a pipe 
leading out of a window. Wooden models of va- 
rious objects, such as a bicycle, for instance, are 
placed in their hive and the bees build their honey- 
comb upon them in the exact shape required. 



A HORNET is the smartest bug that flii 
comes when he pleases, and goes when he gets 
ready. One way a hornet shows his smartness is 
by attending to his own business, and making ev- 
erybody who interferes with him wish they had 
done the same thing. 

When a hornet stings a fellow he knows it, and 
never stops talking about it as long as his friends 
will listen. One da)- a hornet stung my pa, my pa 
is a preacher, on the nose, and he did not do an)' 
pastoral visiting for a month without talking about 
that hornet. 

" Is this what you call expeditious transporta- 
tion? " sarcastically inquired the passenger who, by 
reason of the strike at the power-house, had been 
an hour and a half traveling a distance of fi\'e or six 

" No, sir," replied the sleepy conductor. " This 
is Fifty-third street." 

»»» THE • INGLENOOK »»» 


Ai 11 itnd 14 Soiilh 5Hil<- Slicct, KIkih. Dlitiois, Hricc. »i.t« a vent. It is 
K hisli giAde impcr loi liigli giad« boys and k''I3 ^ho love good Tcadinff. 
Inglkmook wants conltlliutions, titiglit, well written and of general interest. 
No love tlories or any with killing or cruelty in them will t>c considered. II 
you want your articles returned, II not available, send stamped and ad- 
dressed envelope. Send subscriptions, articles and 'everything intended for 
Thk Inglenodk, Io the Inllowine address: 

BRFTHRtK PlBLiSHiNti Hoi'sK, Elgin. Illinois 

F.ntcted at the Post Office at K!gin, 111., 

! Second clai 



Kk-adhrs of this paper have notict^d the series of 
articles, by some of the prominent men and women 
of the church, telling what they would do had the)' 
their lives to go over again. The results are inter- 
esting. Not one of them knew what the other was 
writing, or what line of advice was being given out. 
There are certain things that most of them agree 
upon, and these are that they would ha\'e a better 
education, and they would accumulate a library. 
All oppose the tobacco habit, aiul recommend total 
abstinence. They agree that they would join the 
church earlier than they did, and would try to live 
a godly life in early youth and endeavor to keep it 
up. They are practically a unit in saying that the)' 
would honor their parents. The advice is all \'ery 
good, and the boy or girl who heeds what has been 
said by these earnest men and women will be on 
the right track- 
Not one of them rcconinieiuleil money getting as 
ii thing to strive after. Every person who has at- 
tained to middle age, on reviewing his life history, 
sees much that is susceptible of improvement were 
the chance to come. It is the testimony of every- 
body, and it is a wise young person who profits by 
the experience of others. There are two ways of 
learning, one by the experience of others, and the 
other by making the same blunders they did by not 
heeding directions. Unfortunately the latter is the 
commoner method. 


Many a person without cruelty in their hearts 
often find it hard to resist the temptation to put a 
captured animal into captivity. The sentiment is 
often a good one. There is ever)- promise of care 
and plenty of food, and sometimes, though rarel)-. 
the bird or beast adapts itself to its new sur- 
roundings. But in the vast majority of cases it is 
the height and depth of cruelty to the captive. 
Deprived of liberty, confined in close quarters, and 
submitted to mistaken kindness, life is only a long 
drawn out misery. 

It is better to allow the bird or animal thrown in- 
to our hands go free, as God intended it should 
be. But there is also a way of making friends with 
the animal creation in which there is no harm. Not 
all can do it, but some have a wonderful skill at it. 
It consi.sts in so relating ourselves to them that they 
have no dread of us. Doing them no harm, letting 
them see that you mean nothing wrong, and once 
their confidence is gained there is no limit to their 
association made possible with kindness. 


KvERY boy wants to succeed in life, and the feel- 
ing is a most commendable one. but not every boy 
knows how it should be taken hold of to succeed in 
winning. No worse thing can take possession of a 
boy or girl, than the lack of ability to hold on to a 
thing once begun. In the very start it should be 
remembered that the selection of the line of work 
in which it is intended to succeed is a very impor- 
tant matter. The world is full of people in places 
for which they are unfitted. They struggle along 
as best they can, and all their lives they are only 
mediocrities. They are square pegs in rounil holes 
and round pegs in square holes. They don't seem 
to fit. Now the first thing to do in a life business. 

or in anything in which we wish to engage, is to 
first ascertain whether or not we have the requisite 
ability and liking for the work to enable us to cany 
it out as it should be done. Of course much of this 
cannot be determined without a trial, but a good 
deal of it can be. 

As a rule the boy who wins is the one who first 
fully qualifies himself, and then sticks to it. One is 
as imi^ortant as the other. Without qualification 
no person can hope for continuous success, and un- 
less one stays by his work there is no hope whatev- 
er for his getting along. He who is continually 
shifting and changing in his choice of work never 
suticeeds. He becomes a jack of all trades and 
master of none, a tinker and a cobbler, but never a 
skilled workman at anything. The thing to do is 
to start out right, thoroughly qualify yourself, and 
then st;iy by the work till success comes, as it is 
sure to do to those who hang on and work. 


No bo)-, or man either, should ever injure a bird 
or a bird's nest, unless there is some excellent rea- 
son for so doing. Nothing should ever be killed 
out of sheer, wanton ability to do so, but on the 
other hand it is a good idea to protect the helpless 
of the animal creation about us as far as lies in our 
power. The only bird that may be outlawed is the 
hawk, and possibly the English sparrow. Every 
other bird should be protected and encouraged. 

Where there is an effort to encourage birds, and 
they are not scared away, there is a remarkable de- 
gree of familiarity born of the confidence that help 
and not harm begets. They come to the very door, 
and often enter the house. There is nothing more 
destructive of bird life than the little tiger called 
the cat. Those who keep cats will not likely have 
birds for company. It is just as well to forego the 
cat, unless, indeed, it is one of those felines that 
stays at the barn and does not venture to the house, 

A good way to encourage the presence of birds is 
to furnish them bouses in which to build. It does 
not take a very good workman to make a bird box, 
and if it is well made it will last for years. The 
wrens and the sparrows will likely have a war over 
them, with the wrens the winner in the end, and the 
bluebirds and chippies will stay right by the house 
if left alone. That is the main secret of encourag- 
ing bird friendships. Provide a place for them and 
let them alone. 


Text : Cruelty to Animals. 

Placed on the earth with man are the animals. 
They have, for the most part, been made subject to 
him. Denied equal intelligence they have been 
made captive, tamed, and taught to work for him, 
according to their several ability. They have cer- 
tain moral rights, and one of them is that they are 
not to be abused simply because man is the strong- 
er party in their lelations one to the othei'. Yet 
the instinct to hurt something simply because of 
ability to do so seems to be deeply implanted in 
human nature. Children, especially, are naturally 
cruel. .Some of them never get over it, and they 
grow up to be bad men and women. Show me the 
man who is needlessly cruel to animals that can not 
help themselves and I will show you a bad man, 
one with whom I want little or nothing to do. 

A merciful man is merciful to his beast. And he 
is also merciful to all animals of every kind. The 
boy or man-who throws a stone at a bird and kills it 
is guilty of bird murder. Somewhere or somehow 
he will be held to account for it. The way to look 
at these things is to regard the helpless as being 
under our care, that we are to protect them as long 
as they are harmless, and that as their guardians we 
are to act justly toward them. It is hard to con- 
ceive of Christ going out of his way to kill a song 
bird. Animals soon get to know their friends 
They understand kindness, and some of them seem 
to appreciate it. Indeed it is not infrequently the 
case that animals die shortly after their friend has 
passed over, really dying of grief. Never raise a 

harmful hand against a helpless and harntl 
mal that may come your way. Rjo, "' 
Not a bird falls to the ground without the m'''' 
notice. Will he not notice its murderer "" 
he not notice its helper? Remember th ^r'' " 

R.iIb In ^»„llnn „,irk ,11 -_■ . , _ ^ ""ll. 


Rule in dealing with all animals. It 
more than that, it is right, and no question^' 


came to me the other day wj,), 

'It 11, 

ixious, ,, 


complaint that he was willing, in fact a ■ 
work, but that everywhere he went everyrn" 
against him and wouldn't give him a fairch '" 
.isked him why he thought so, and he e'T 
that at the last place where he worked the'"" 
several other boys who began to "pick on h'i"^""' 
very first morning he was there. He e.xplai ^j ,f ' 
they picked on him by whispering to each iK ' 
then looking at him or pointing toward him "i 
laughing. Then he said they would ,isk hiin , 
tions. and no matter what he replied thev T'' 
laugh. • "°" 

I asked him: "Did you do your work well. 
"Yes, I guess so," said he, "for the boss gave nit 
big apple and asked me how I liked everythm' 
when he went out the first night." 

"Why did you leave? " I inquired. " VVell"sj„' 
the boy, " yuh see I couldn't stand it to have'thol 
boys pickin' on me and laffin' at me. so I qui, ,! 
the end of the second day." 

The trouble with that boy was that he wasn't "™, 
to his job." He was hired to do a certain kind « 
work and the other boys in the shop had nothing |. 
do with the matter. He made the mistake of ihint 
ing that the friendship and adiniiation of iho* 
boys were of more importance to him than H, 
friendship and kindness of his employer. Ht 
should have done his work' regardless of the laugli, 
or sneers of the other boys, and if they tried loin 
terfere with him in the proper performance of hi, 
work, then he should have punched their noss. 
Had that boy just kept clearly in mind llie factlkil 
he was employed by the boss and not by the bop 
and that the boys could not give him a better joljoi 
make him lose the one he had, then hcwoiildMi 
have cared what the other boys said, or how mod 
they laughed. If you are sure that you are"liolil 
ing down your job " to the satisfaction of youreni 
ployer you can afford to stand good-iiatnredlyal' 
the gibes and sneers that are directed toward you. 

They tell a pretty good story about a Chicif 
minister, who, in order to get around among It 
people to better advantage, bought himself a liori 
Not knowing anything about a horse hinisellnt 
asked the dealer for a good, quiet animal, and* 
dealer had just what he wanted. The ministn"' 
ticed that the horse was exceptionally quiet, and 
bragged about it a good deal. One day thepw" 
er's father came to see him. and living in thecou 
try, as he did, he knew something about horses. 

"See here, Frank," said he, " this horse of y«' 
is a pretty old animal, isn't he?" 

"Yes," said Frank, "but it is well not to ht '» 
proud in these things, you know. The Savio' 
a worse animal than this," 

The old man looked the horse over again, '•■ ^^ 
ining his teeth, and sizing him up geuerallj'i » 
he said: 

" It is a treasure, you have, i',^! 
very same horse, the veiy same one 

I nl dani''^' 

An oculist's opinion on the ainoum "' i^, 

that is done to the eyes of the conimumj^^,^ 

negligence in the very simple matter o 

' '""I''- , ,i„,ii) 

les clean is quoted " 

eyeglasses and spectac 
the Homclwld: " I am shocked to see ""= """ji,,,^ 
persons, intelligent men and wonie"' * ^^^,,p 
know better, who spend their lives he ' . ^jjipiSl 
eyeglasses. Lawyers, writers, students, ul 

and schoolboys and eye taxers of various > 
use glasses rarely use them clean. coH'''"''i 

" To keep the pebbles in good >''e»""^^|^ \m 
they should be cleaned about once an ''°^|^^j^J' 
is not so good a cleansing agent .•<s a ^.^ofi'*'' 
ha'ndkerchief should give place to a Pje^^ .^ ^ 
paper. Chamois is useful also, and ei 
than the linen handkerchief, h ■ vvo''''''j| 

"The amount of injury done to the^^ incjlt'l 
sight through cloudy glasses is a'"'" 

•■»» THE » INGLENOOK »»» 


jlethods of Ppoeedupe in 

llings foP Liife Wopk. 




begin the study of the art of keep- 
"^ ""nts is ill early life after the acquirement of 
'""f ,„ education as may be within reach of 

The time 

' ospective learner. From fifteen to twenty 
"" *" , good time, and it is best learned in a 
';'i;i'vhere a specialty of the work is made. It is 
fes^ion that is attained equally well by men 
'Tiomen. in fact it is the case that often women 
I eferre'd in certain lines of business, it being 
'" *" d that they are neater and more reliable than 


hey are 


Three things are absolutely essential, and 
legibility of penmanship, 'accuracy and 
of manual and mental action. The book- 
"c "cMvho can not write a readable hand stands a 
iolTchanceof employment, while if not accurate 
i„d quick he is of no use to his employers. It 
be well for those contemplating the work to 
tarn 10 write legibly, this not meaning that flour- 
shtwircw.inted, but a legibilit)> that is beyond a 
uc,,inn. And this legibility should apply to fig- 
ures ,15 well as letters. 

It should be remembered by the would-be stu- 
lent that what is learned in the commercial school 
s simply the principles that underlie the art, and 
hev .lie not many nor are they difficult of acquire- 
ntiu. But it is only the principles of the work 
hut the school teaches, while when the learner has 
ecured a position he will be called on to adapt 
liiusL-lf to the requirements of the business in which 
engaged. It will readily be understood that 
k- books of a mercantile house will not be dealing 
th the same methods and matter as a bank or a 
ilroad. In fact the books are kept in an entirely 
ifferent way. and each business must be learned. 
it the bottom of all of it, however, are the princi- 
that are taught in the Commercial College or 
business school. The length of time that 
ihnuld be taken to learn these principles at a good 
School will vary according to the ability of the 
but three month's application should be 
luflinrnt for the mastery of the principles of the 

It will be very much to the advantage of the ac- 
ountant if he can attend to the correspondence of 
le House or Company that employs him, and this 
eans that he will have to be the possessor of the 
ity to dictate correctly and grammatically to a 
■enographer. This work is really a part of the 
ail accountant's business in all large houses or 
orporations. All this can best be learned in the 
chool devoted to the specialties of the art, though 
Itreare very many expert and thoroughly reliable 
ccountants who have never seen the inside of a 
»sin«s school. And it should be remembered by 
»e reader that no matter what course of elementary 
preparatory instruction the learner may have 
Iter all, only the experience in the actual 
ork of the business can make him a proficient. 
^fst thing to do after securing the preliminary 
«»retical knowledge is to enter some business 
'^. «'ven in a subordinate and underpaid capaci- 
the end of learning the practical side of things 
"nnected with the profession. 

e pay of a bookkeeper varies widely according 
^^^ ■-• character of the business. If in an ordinary 
^^'Mntile house he gets ten dollars a week he will 
«<1 offi "^ '° "^^ a^'erage. In a bank, or a rail- 
ce. or with some great corporation, the sal- 
"'»)' run into the thousands of dollars. It is 
ess H "" '^"■"''t'ons that vary with the busi- 
Itmtnt ^""' '' "'^ bottom of all of it lies the 
It n,M-'"^ Principles that arc essential to entering 
""'"gat all, 

ipm?^ P''°'i'='We part ofthe business is that of 
Dpi "°"'"ant, or the work of the man who is 
;t„ ;„'■ '° ^'raighten out a set of books that have 
losing^ ' '*'^'" "''" ""=>' "^ useless in the 
tt„ ,^^"' °' clearing up of the business. It is 
"'elessN^^'^ "''' '"='=°""'s are so badly kept, or 
"'«line th''""*^ "'^^ "'^'^" '' '^°'"" '° a matter of 
""task 1'","''^ ordinary accountant is unequal 
"* ''is Da '* where the expert is employed, 

>n's sjIj^'' '^ greatly in excess of the ordinary 
'y- It may be ten dollars a day, or it 



may rise as high as a hundred dollars a day. Where 
there are large interests at stake, as the closing up 
of a valuable estate, it will be readily seen that the 
expert is the only man who has the ability to set 
matters right. This expert knowledge can be 
had only by actual practice in the work itself as it 
is done in the world of business. It can not be 
taught in the schools, and it is not attempted. 

Not a great deal of difficulty attaches to getting 
a position. Some students, after graduation, drop 
right into a place, and others ha\'e to wait. There 
is a good deal in the matter of personal aciiuaint- 
ance and recommendation in securing employment. 
Once had the retention of the jilace is onl)- a matter 
of proficiency and satisfaction to the employer. It 
is one of the few lines of work in which women suc- 
ceed as well or better than men in the ordinary 
practice of the profession. 


night in the year, on the mountains, if not sufficient- 
ly protected. Some of the effects of altitude on 
temperature can be seen in the State of Vera Cruz. 
On the coast, at Vera Cru/ City, it is only ten feet 
above the sea level, and it is hot, hotter, hottest, in 
the summer. Just a few hours' ride by rail is the 
volcano of Orizaba, and eternal snows cover it. It 
is the altitude that does it. 


A FEW days ago, in the little town of Palmer, 
Mass., Miss Sarah E, Bradford, a lineal descendant 
of the colonial Governor Bradford, died in the six- 
ty-ninth year of her age. She was unknown outside 
the limits of the town where she was born, and yet 
few women have accomplished more good or led 
more useful or ideal lives. After her death the 
motto which she had adopted as the rule of her life 
was found upon her mantel. It read: " I shall pass 
this way but once; if, therefore, there be any kind- 
ness I can show or any good thing 1 can do to mj' 
fellow human beings, let me do it now; let me not 
defer it nor neglect it. for I shall not pass this way 

This was the rule of her life. The Bradford 
house became the synonym for generous hospitality 
to the unfortunate. It was a home for the poorer 
students at the academy, and it is said that there 
never was a time in her life, nor in that of her moth- 
er, who died recentl)' in her one hundreth year, 
when some lone or unfortunate person was not en- 
rolled in the Bradford family. Her charities were 
not confined to her own household. She assisted 
all the really needy who came in her way, looked 
up the poor of the town and cared for them, and 
contributed freely to the church and to education. 
She was a person of scholarly tastes and culture, 
and when not engaged in helpfulness to others, 
which was the rule of her life, she was devoted to 
study. Her life passed along quietly, helpfully, and 
beautifully to its close, and the close was equally 
beautiful, without suffering and without a murmur. 

She never spoke of her charities nor advertised 
her hospitality, and yet hundreds who had been the 
recipients of her kindly help knew her and loved 
her. She knew little of the fashions or excitements 
of society, did not belong to any clubs, never pre- 
pared a paper in her life, and never was in a cul- 
tured tea fight. She was not a twentieth century 
woman, only an old-fashioned nineteenth century 
woman.. She was a plain, simple New England 
spinster, with a strong sense of duty and a great 
love of beauty, and bound to enjoy both because 
she could not "pass this way again," and help oth- 
ers to enjoy life also. And what she did she never 
talked about. And thus Sarah Bradford led her 
ideal life, and the many whom she had helped, and 
who found their own lives brighter and more beau- 
tiful because she had lived, mourn her departure. 


Ask any schoolboy and he will tell you that the 
farther North you go the colder it gets, and on the 
other hand, the farther South the warmer it be- 
comes. This is true only in general terms. Up in 
the Arctic regions, in the brief summer, the mos- 
quitoes are so bad as to become a very annoying 
element of life. Then, going South, say to Texas, 
there is no doubt of the heat and its long continued, 
enervating effects. On going a thousand miles 
farther South, nearing the Equator, it should be 
much warmer than in Texas according to the books. 
Now the actual facts are that in Mexico City, which 
is about a thousand miles south of Texas, it never 
is as warm as it gets in the Lone Star State. The 
reason is that the elevation makes up for the prox- 
imity to the Equator. It is never as hot in Mexico 
as it is in Philadelphia, and it is never as cold. It 
is also true that in the tropics, geographically con- 
sidered, one could and would freeze to death any 

Phil,M)ELPhia has one of the three great clocks 
of the world. It is located in the tower of the Mu- 
nicipal Building. It has four dials, each twenty- 
five feet in diameter, these dials, including the 
frame work and glass, weighing forty thousand 
pounds. The total weight of the four faces of the 
clock is eighty thousand pounds. The clock is 
operated by compressed air. The time-indicating 
device is a marvel of mechanism. There is a sepa- 
rate driving mechanism for each dial. The hands 
are made of sheet copper, the long one measuring 
twelve feet and the short one nine feet. A pneu- 
matic service turns on or off six hundred electric 
lights, illuminating the dials at night. Since Janu- 
ary I, 1899, when the clock was put in operation, it 
has kept nearly perfect time. 

Manv of the great fighters and men of action, aft- 
er perils on land and sea and heroic deeds that live 
in history, found commonplace ends. It seems cu- 
rious that a General should go through dozens of 
battles unscathed and then choke to death on a 
peach stone. It seems wrong that a man should 
endure the dangers of an ad\enturous life and then 
become the \ictim of a folding-bed. But all these 
things happen, and it was hardly necessary for the 
papers of the country to poke so much good-na- 
tured fun at Captain Sigsbee, who, after being blown 
up in the Maine and having a conspicuous part in a 
war with a foreign country, met his first mishap 
with a Brooklyn trolley car. Of course, we under- 
stand that the Brooklyn trolley car is a peculiarly 
aggressive and murderous specimen of its kind, but 
there is no reason why it should not have had more., 
respect for such a hero as Captain Sigsbee. After 
all, the things that really happen are the things we 
never expect. The pert, freckled, snub-nosed girl, 
who never knew her lessons, in after years marries 
a millionaire, while the lovely, modest belle of the 
village, who stood well in her classes and sang in 
the choir, is drudging away, wondering at Fate. 
The good boy, who everybody in the neighborhood 
knew would be either a pj-eacher or President of the 
United States, is still clerking in the dry goods 
store, while the mischievous kid, who everybody 
expected would land in the penitentiary, is in Con- 
gress. So it goes. The girls marry other fellows 
and the boys marry the other girls. The things we 
expect people to do they do not do, and the things 
that we never look for simply come .iround to show 
how little we know about Fate. 

SoMEUODV started the legend that when the crick- 
et sings on the hearth there will be plenty of food 
in the cupboard and good luck will attend the fami- 
ly. However that may be, the house cricket— the 
kind that loves to begin tuning up his fairy fiddle at 
about the time you are trying to go to sleep- is 
never a grumbler against evil fortune. He seems 
ever to be cheerful and lively. His eyes are always 
bright, and he is satisfied with a crumb, provided he 
can get plent)' of water to drink. You may be sure 
that the cricket which seems ne\'er to leave the cor- 
ner or the nook where you hear him sing daily 
wanders abroad at night in search of something to 
drink. Often he is a regular toper, and house 
crickets often lose their lives through leaping into 
a pan of water, or milk, or soup, or sirup in their 
greediness for something to drink. Sometimes the 
house cricket gets restless and instead of hopping 
around like a level-headed insect and being con- 
tented he spreads his stubby wings and flies out of 
the window and into the great world of summer 
night. He doesn't whirr along like a beetle, or flut- 
ter like a butterfly, but he flies much after the man- 
ner of a goldfinch— opening and shutting his wings 
leisurely and constantly rising and falling as he 
flies. The cricket's cheery rasping is a call for 
Mistress Cricket to come home. Mistress Cricket, 
unlike the ladies of the human species, is no talker. 


»»» THE • INGLENOOK *** 

Good ^^ Reading 


The world blushes pink some seasons of the year, 
all in almond blossoms. It is in February, and that 
in the part of the world that Sum .See's mother 
came from. 

Therefore, when little Miss Sum See was born 
they called her Almond Blossom, with true Chinese 

The fad that she was born in Fell street, New 
York City, was nothing against her name. Only 
she never would remind you of an almond blossom. 
Rather of a j'ellow crocus, or, say, a black-eyed 

When Sum Sec was eight years old she lost her 
mother, and they took her away where Sum See 
could not lollow. That was how she came to ask 
Hip Sing how to reach her. 

"Hush!" said Hip Sing, bending over his shoe- 
mending, " that is not for you to ask. She has sped 
away to the Land of Silver Shadows, perpetual sun- 
beams, and where it overflows with tea." 

This sounded beneficent, but was unsatisfactory 
from a topographical point of view. 

"Have they taken her to the josshouse? " asked 
Sum See quietly. 

"Well, not e.\actly," answered Hip Sing, "but 
there sits he who knows." 

Sum had stayed late to talk to the man who 
sewed shoes, and she looked at him reflectively un- 
der her threadlike brows. 
" Yes? " she said calmly. 

Sum See folded her small, tea-colored claws and 
leaned against the wall of the house. The two 
queues, braided fantastically with blue and white 
cord, looked funny, standing out from her little 
round head in an inquiring state of mind. 

" Where the shadows are of pink and the dark- 
ness is of silver has your mother gone — peace to 
her," said Hip, dismissing the subject. 

"That would be a nice place to go, I think," 
urged Almond Hlossom, deprecatingly. 
__J^ot in haste; not in haste," answered the aged 
man. with a thrust of his awl into the leather before 
" How do they go? " asked Sum. 
" Did you not see the red chariot and hear the 
screaming of the flutes? " 

Sum .See got up quietly and ran away when she 
had asked all she could about her mother, and in 
the morning she went to the josshouse alone with 
an offering of two grimy little wooden birds and a 
dish of papier mache ducks that See had brought 
her one day. 

She climbed the dusty stairs laboriously, and the 
door was open into the main room of the josshouse, 
which is the Chinese temple, and she entered undis- 
ma>'ed to consult with the man who presides there. 
She found him in, seated upon his cross legs and 
smiling kindly at her. 

" How do you do? " said Sum See in English. 
The joss smiled harder than e\er, which was nat- 
ural, as he was made all of wood and painted a 
dark brown. 

She was so interestetl in the prayer over the place 
where they burned the offerings that she did not 
notice the Chinaman who came in, looked around 
the room to see if there were any at the shrine, and 
who then went out and shut the door and locked it. 
It was the close of the great offering week, and 
the shrineroom that Almond Hlossom was in was 
not to be opened for several days. 

"Tell me," she said to the Joss, " I wish to go to 
the land of Ceaseless Shine and Diamond Stars — do 
you know the way? " 

The kindly Joss only smiled, of course. 
•'Ah, you are dumb!" said Sum. " Poor thing! 
I have a neighbor boy. a dwarf, who is deaf and 
dumb. You are like him." 

Again the Joss smiled happily. 
Presently .she went over to the door by which she 
had come, and found it locked. She had, indeed, 
started on the way to the Land of Silver Shadows, 
and there was no turning back. 

It was pleasant at first, for there were the dolls 
on the shrine — the lesser gods— and Sum could play 
with them without fear, because of the smile of the 
main functionary. 

.Sum noticed after several hours Jtwo^ things — 

namely: That their room had not got beyond the 
chimney pots, and that she was hungry. 

She had had a small bowl of rice and pork that 
noon in her own home, but now it was getting dark 
outside, and she knew that they were getting into 
the I^and of Silver Shades and Star Beams. 

So she sat still and wondered why she could not get 
out and what she should eat for dinner. And then 
she went around and consulted the Joss. There he 
sat, as if made of chocolate creams, and smiled. Be- 
low him was a covered board, and Almond Blossom 
lifted the end of the cloth that was draped over it, 
and there found duck roasted, jars of potted fish, 
and sweet cakes — all her favorite dishes. 

She knew then that she was in Magic Land, and 
she smiled back at the brown man and ate raven- 

The night passed by, Almond Blossom sleeping 
profoundly in the robes of the exalted few, and 
then, replacing them in the morning, she began an- 
other day of weary waiting for the opening of the 
temple door. 

At Almond Blossom's home you can understand 
the excitement. They mourned her as dead and 
thought the angry devils had spirited her away. 
They gave up searching for her after awhile, and 
when the fourth day came her tea sets and wooden 
dolls were put away, and the family shrine, lighted 
with seven tapers, for her j-ears. 

When the fifth day came they had found her 
there when the josshouse was opened for airing and 
worship of the smiling man who sat there. 

They would have been horrified at the familiarity 
of Sum See with his Greatness if they could have 
known, but she said nothing of her conclaves with 
the Ruler of the Destinies of the Faithful Follow- 
ers, and as she looked fat and well they said noth- 

The food for the departed spirit had disappeared, 
and it was well that the religious miracle should be 
told of. They did not know that Sum See had eat- 
en it all, and that she had burned the leavings in a 
pan in the oven where she had first seen the cat. 

Her restoration to her fond family was taken as 
another part of the miracle, but no questions were 
asked, and Almond Blossom did not explain. 


Mention the word Indian and the reader 
or hearer thinks of the wild red men of the West. 
The Indian of the countries south of the Rio 
Grande are neither wild nor yet are they red. They 
are town dwellers, and their color is nearer black 
than red. They are divided into many tribes and 
speak many languages, the strange part about it be- 
ing that these languages are not interchangeable. 
The fact that an Indian speaks the language of his 
tribe does not by any means indicate that he can 
speak a word of the language of the people over 
the hill. The common speech is the Spanish, the 
language of the Mexican proper. When Cortez con- 
quered the country he and his immediate people 
were pure Spaniards. Intermarrying the Spaniard 
with the native Indian made the Mexican. There 
are few pure Spaniards in Mexico, while the native 
Indians, of pure blood, constitute at least three- 
fourths of the entire population of the country. 

The Indian lives in houses of his own building, 
and they are grouped into towns in the center of 
their reservation of land which is held in common, 
and parcelled out, year by year, by the head man 
among them. Each Indian gets all he wants to cul- 
tivate, and what he raises is his own. The crop 
consists of our ordinary garden vegetables, and the 
seedsmen of the United States are in the cities with 
most wonderful pictures of their vegetables and 
fruits. An Indian sees a picture of a tomato as big 
as his head, and he wants that seed. If what he re- 
ally gets is as large as a walnut he is satisfied. 

As a rule the Mexican Indian is a very ingenious 
fellow. With the commonest tools, sometimes 
wholly of his own make, he can manufacture almost 
anything you ask tor. Some of the finest work in 
the world in the way of pottery, feather work, 
drawn work, and the like, is the product of the na- 
tive who has had no instruction other than what he 
has seen going on around him. None of these In- 
dians ever originate anything. They are copyists. 

They love their homes, and never leave them for 
any considerable length of time. There is nothing 
that w.ll precipitate trouble in Mexico quicker than 

letting out the word that the government 
taking their lands from them. It ha^ 
cause of many a war. The native is 


Catholic, and is a 

A good many of them at heart clin 

a dev 

convert from Aztec heath, 




years ago, the way the Indians flocked to^h'''"' ' 
leged Christian faith was a wonder to ^ ^'" 
priests themselves. On inquiry it was learn H° "" 
the Indians that for a considerable time th 
been discontented with their own gods a i 
contemplating getting others. Those the Spa *'" 
had to offer, the images, etc., were so niuchr"'' 
than what they could make that they sini I .'"'' 
naturally adopted them. ''>'*'"' 


George D,iv, a fourteen-year-old negro ha 
most remarkable appetite and eating capacity ik' 
ever went on record in Indiana. In four hours ik' 
rapacious youth ate seventy-two bananas, thirty " 
oranges, and three pounds of nuts. Moreover k 
saj-s he is willing to try it again. 

Young Day belongs in Henderson, Ky., but 6 
has been in E\'ansville several weeks. The oth 
night he was hungry and had no money. He wa 
passing the fruit store of Giuseppe Corso, at ih 
corner of Main and Eighth Streets. All at onct i 
thought struck him to break into the stand. Heic 
cured a stepladder and was soon in the stand licip 
ing himself. Once inside the boy could notgetoyi 
again and after he had eaten all he cared to hr 
threw himself on the floor and was soon fast asleep 

When the Italian opened his stand he found the 
colored lad sleeping soundly. He called an officer 
and had the boy arrested. The boy when arraigr 
in the police court, admitted that he had broken in- 
to the fruit store and eaten as much as he wanted, 
because he was hungry and had no money, H^: 
laughed as he told his story and it was a hard iiiil. 
ter for any one in the court room to keep frora 
iaughing at the way he addressed the court. Asked 
if he had eaten seventy-two bananas and thirty-s 
oranges the boy said; 

" Yes, sah. I et 'em all right. I et the orange. 
and bananas an' nuts, an' dat's all I did eat." 

The court was astonished at the quantity of fruit 
the boy had got away with, and did a little figurio; 
on the matter, with the following result; 

If he took only the juice of thirty-six oranges ht 
would have probably two and one-half pounds o 
liquid in his stomach. If he swallowed the pnip*' 
would have five pounds. 

If he ate seventy-two bananas, each weighu; 
three ounces, he put into his stomach 216 ounces, o' 
thirteen and one-half pounds avoirdupois. 

In the three pounds of nuts there were probil* 
one-half of a pound of kernels. To recapituW 
here is what the boy ate: 

Oranges "^ j. 

Bananas .' , „„.i 

Nms ^f* 

Total weight ^°^^ 

I He CO" 

This negro boy weighs ninety pouniJs. ri ^^^ 
sumed a quantity of food equal to almost one-^ 
of his own weight. The court decided his case 
one for the grand jury's consideration. 


Once upon a time many hundred years_^^^^^ 
Danes made war upon the Scots and '"" 
country. One dark night, as they ^'■'^'■' _^^ j,, ,|ie( 
upon an encampment of sleeping Scots on^t^^ 
number trod upon a thistle. The pal" joud £'! 
den and intense that the man gave a ^ , 
This awakened the slumbering Scots, "'""^.i^jt If 
arms and defeated the assailants. '" ^L ,|,cir'' 
the deliverance the Scots made the this 
tional emblem. 

""" th y°" ' 

" What appears to be the matter wi ^^^ jf 

ther?" inquired the doctor, as he ha 

clothes on. ^^ ,,,^ bo)' 

"He's got the plumbago, """"= 

" Pain in th 
the doctor. 

" No, sir; he ain't gc 
paw weighs 284 pounds 

mall of'the back. 1 P'^" 

no small of tl-''^'" 

»»<■ THE p I>s[GLENOOK ».» 


The o Cipcle ooo 

. Bulsar. India, President: John R. Snyder. Belle- 

,riii.<- '!";■ <?,. LiXie D Kosenbcrger, Covinglon. Ohta. Secrel.ry ,n<i 
"^Fr«id=»;^j',^Vi «ll comniunicalions lo Our Miss1on«rv Rbading 


„f the new readers of The Inglenook do 
.know very much about Our Missionary Reading 
°^-le, so we give this brief history. 
How IT Originated-— A few young people met 

J social gathering- One of them remarked, " I 
. u I ^.|,cw more about missions, I don't know 

ihing about them; what shall 1 read?" One 
"kt'ofa book on missions, some one else sug- 
tsted another, and so they decided to read a num- 
jr of books which would give them a Ijetter knowl- 
jge of the work. 

Local Circles.— The idea spread quickly. Bro. 
Pilbur Stover, who is now in India, placed his 
line at the head of the list, and then organized 
ircles where\er he went. A local secretary was 
ppoinled who would do all he could to encourage 
Ihers to join; a set of books was bought, each 
lember paying a little; meetings were held, at 
hich ihe books were read and studied. We follow 
le same plan now. Will you begin a Circle in your 

Courses of Reading.— First is the Missionary 
iiirse, then we have a Religious course which is 
well adapted to the needs of our boys and 
iris, .ind lastly an Ad\-anced course. If you prefer 
) read a few books out of the Missionary course, 
nd some others out of the Religious course, thus 
boosing your books, it may make the reading more 
njoyable foryou. When you have read eight books 
e will send you a certificate. These books should 
I have a place in our Sunday-school libraries. 
'How Can I Become a Member?"— By paying 
renly cents as a membership fee. This fee is nec- 
sary to keep up the running expenses of the Cir- 
e, such as postage, stationery, etc. The officers 
:t no pay for their time or services. We have over 
'elve hundred members now, and over a hundred 
ca! secretaries. 

Our Future— We hope to have District secreta- 
:s, and a Circle meeting held in each District in 
nnection with Ministerial or Sunday-school meet- 
We hope to do much good in His name. 
'e urge the boys and girls to join our Circle. For 
ly information or circulars, address, Our Mission- 
s' Reading Circle, Covington, Ohio. 

Sh^ Sunday a Sehool Sim. 

DEATH OF JOHN THE BAln-|STZiii,Vk ^i^^!;^^ 

{Lesson for June /o, iQoo) 

but be filled with the Spirit.— Eph. 5; 18. 

This lesson tells the story of man's perfidy, wom- 
an's jealousy, and the moral and spiritual ruin the 
use of into.iicants and bad company involve. It al- 
so shows that human nature is the same under all 
skies, and at all times. The story tells itself, but 
let us relate it in our own way. It seems that John 
the Baptist, the forerunner of Christ, was not a man 
to mince words. When he saw a wrong he reproved 
the sinner, no matter who it was or where it might 
have happened. The shepherd in his hut, or the 
king in the castle of Machsrus, were all one to him 
if a rebuke was needed. This wai 
cause of the beheading of the Baptist, 

Herod the king had married his brother's wife, 
Herodias, contrary to the law, and this led John to 
openly reprove them for their action. It earned foi- 
him the fear of th 

the indirect 


At the ocean side, where cliffs jut out to the 

■. certain mollusks may be found sticking 

"y to the rocks. Each mollusk clings so tena- 

r>'«" """* ™"<^"'sion of the waves cannot 

e It off. The secret of its hold is that the mol- 

is e„p,y ,( .J ^^^^^ |.||^^ ^.^^^^ ^.^^ ^^^^ ^^ 

■nr It would drop off immediately. This beau- 
^i^ Illustrates the condition of every sincere, 
dol'' ""^"'="''""5 believer who has been emp- 
he,i„' f"'' ""-•'■sfoTo clings, by a Divine law of 
ml '^' '° '*"= ^°'^ °f Ages. If he 

, '"""= puffed up with pride and self-con- 
Id ,0^°,'''^'' *'"' ""hly indulgence, he would 
^^ He waves of temptation and be swept 

i;it°w'|f'l'""'°" will get a soul under convic- 
!« ius Z!,™ "''■'" "'^ conditions are in order 
t^sCt '"'" ^'" '>=' '" ^'1 '!"= light that is 
'''«rmon^"'!,'p"''"''''''^' "^^y "°' '^en make 
oline« ^ holiness sermon and every meeting 

tch "■ =""• folks would call it 



"ot the best 

sermon that makes the hear 

s" away talkm 
>*er, but ih """ '■'"O'l's'' and praising the 

"Sl'"nland ^^''''^'^ "'^1''=* '1"="' SO away 

'*'*W« ""'""^ ""'' hastening to be alone.- 

HE best 
"is to 

" '° have ^ P''eserving true tranquility of 
^. "ere we . ,"° '^^°''=e or will of our own; and 

'^ly satisfied , '° """ ^"■■^'"ost place, to be 
^b.,- . If only the meanest and humblest 



■"y brethren, ye have don. 

unto one of the 
it unto 

ng and the malignant hatred 
of the woman. Herod was probably afraid of John 
on account of his following among the people, while 
the woman hated with all the intensity of a courtesan 
the man who openly rebuked her action. She only 
bided her time. 

On Herod's birthday there was a feast and a large 
number of people were present. Wine probably 
flowed at the gathering, and presently a girl, the 
daughter of Herodias. came in and danced for the 
guests. It was a bad place for a young girl, and the 
guests who admired her dancing were probably a 
coarse lot. But Herod, to show his appreciation of 
the entertainment, made a rash offer to give her any- 
thing that she should ask for, even to half the king- 
dom. To enforce his position he swore to it. The 
girl did not know what she wanted and she went out 
to ask her mother, Herodias, who had the grudge 
against John. This was a bati woman's chance, and 
she was quick to catch up with it. "Ask for the 
head of John the Baptist on a large platter." said 
the wily woman. The request was made by the 
girl, and it seems that the king was now sorry for 
his rashness in promising, but he was a weak man. 
morally, and fearing the comment of his guests or- 
dered that it be done. 

Accordingly the order was given and John, being 
in prison, was called on by the executioner and was 
promptly beheaded with a sword, and the gory head 
placed on a charger, as the word is translated, and 
brought in to the daughter, who immediately gave 
it to her mother. Thus was an innocent man the 
victim, to the death, of a wicked and designing 

A good woman is beyond all price, and a thor- 
oughly bad one is about the worst human being on 
earth. She embodies all that is evil, all that is de- 
structive and as she stopped at nothing in Herod's 
time so she stops at nothing now. Women are 
either better or worse than men. Herod was bad 
enough, but he stopped at putting John in prison, 
while the woman hesitated not at suggesting mur- 

The times were evil. The coarseness of the age 
was a natural result of a weakened religion and the 
lack of culture that has slowly evolved in the centu- 
ries that have passed. The king was willing to 
break the law in his social relations, and the woman 
was equally reprehensible. Her daughter was will- 
ing to make a show of herself before a lot of feast- 
ing, carousing people, and in the heat of the mo- 
ment the king swore to what he knew not. This 
was the woman's chance, and she capped the climax 
with a tragedy that has come down to us full of les- 
sons of care and thought about where we are, with 
whom, and what we promise. Probably nobody 
thought in thf incipiency of the teast that it would 
mark a tragedy. All the elements were present. 
The unthinking king, the vindictive woman, the 
man she hated at hand in jail, the flushed and ap- 
plauding crowd, the chance to do wrong, and then 
the murder. As it has happened so it will be again. 
Let all remember that portion of the Lord's prayer 
where we ask to be delivered from temptation, to 
be led, but not in the ways of evil. 

Fop * the * Wee * Folk 


Mv sister Rulh's ttie beslcsi baby 

Whatever lived, I bet. 
And I ain't never seen no one 

As smart as she is yet. 
Why she knows everything almost. 

But mamma says that she 
Can't never he the president 

And that seems strange to me. 
Once when pa thought I wasn't near 

He talked to mamma then. 
And told her how he hates to be 

The slave of other men, 
.■\nd how he wished that he was rich 

For allour sakes,and I 
Uon't know what made me do it, 

Hut I had to go and cry. 
Then baby's hand went up to him. 

He hugged her light and said; 
" Why, Mary, no, I'm not a slave. 

What put that in my head? 
I'm a king, the happiest king 

That ever held his sway. 
And only God can take my throne 

And little realm away." 


Feet have they, but they walk not— stoves. 
Eyes have they, but they see not-potatoes. 
Teeth have they, but they chew not— saws. 
Noses'have they, but they smell not— teapots. 
Mouths have they, but they taste not— rivers. 
Hands have they, but they handle not— clocks. 
Eats have they, but they hear not— cornstalks. 
Tongues have they, but they talk not— wagons. 


-So you have been at the jam 


open of itself. 


Son — The cupboard door 
mother, and I thought 

Mother— Why didn't you say, " Get thee behind 
me, Satan?" 

Son— So I did, mother, and he went and pushed 
me right in. 

■ * I 

Mrs. Bkiske— Johnny, did the doctor call while 
I was out? 

Little Johnny (stopping his play)— Yes'ra. He 
felt my pulse an' looked at my tongue and shook 
his head and said it was a very serious case, and he 
left this paper, and said he'd call again before night. 

Mrs. Briske— Gracious me! It wasn't you I sent 
him to see; it was the baby! 

" Imi'KOVe each moment, boys," said the teacher. 
" Remember that time flies." 

"Well, I can't understand it." exclaimed one lit- 
tle fellow. 

" What 

" Why," replied the youthful philosopher, "yes- 
terday we read about the footprints of time. I 
don't see how time can make footprints if k flies." 

IS it you can't understand?" asked the 

The Parson 
Tommy? " 

Tommy—" Fighting, sir." 

The Parson—" I'm sorry to hear that, 
know that it is wrong to fight? " 

Tommy—" 'Ves, sir. That's what I told 
when he licked me yesterday." 

-'■ How did you gel that black eye, 

Uon't you 
your kid 

mamma?" asked four-ycar- 

" are animals, 
old Nellie. 

" Oh, anything that goes on legs, I suppose." re- 
plied her mother. 

•• Then my stockings must be animals, aren t they 
mamma? " queried Nellie. 

A MAN may be a living Churchman but a dead 
Christian.—/ C. RyU-. 

Nature unadorned 
wonder what that 

Little Bessie (reading) — " 
is adorned the most.' Now I 

Little Harry—" Oh, I guess it means that a 
broiled chicken is nicer than one with feathers on." 

" Mv inuizer says I'se tut a tooth. 
But somehow 1 tan't see 
Why mutter doesn't tell ze truth. 
An' say ze tooth tut me." 


»». THE » INGLEKOOK »»» 


•■ If I don't wake up before the bluebirds come." 
s.ild Cyrus Brown on the evening o( -Dec. ij, 1S99, 
■■ burn a match under my nose and stick a needle in 
my aims. I want to be out in the woods by the 
time the sap gets to running." 

Mr. Brown is known locally as the "woodchuck 
man." so called because he has slept continuously 
through the winter months for the past eleven 
years, beginning his long nap before the middle of 
December and coming out about March 20. He is 
nearly seventy years old. and until he was hit in the 
luad by a falling limb while working in the woods 
in the winter of i,S88. he had been a very robust 
man. He was felling logs on a lot some distance 
from camp, and when he did not come in to supper 
men went out and found him lying senseless under 
a fallen limb with a scalp wound on the top of his 

After lying in a comatose condition for three 
d.iys, he was wrapped in warm blankets and put m 
a filled with straw to be carried fifty miles 
to the nearest railroad station. Everybody expect- 
ed that he would be dead when he reached home, 
but there was no apparent change in his condition. 
He remained m a death-like sleep all winter. 
About once a week he took a half pint of brandy 
and four raw eggs and then fell asleep again as if 
it was the only thing for him to do. The doctors 
who visited him tried many experiments, in hope of 
waking him up, but without any success. ' A coffin ordered, and the burial robes were made ready 
when his body heat began to go up. It rose two or 
three degrees during the day, and fell back a de- 
gree or less in the night, but, though the gain was 
small, it was in the right direction, so the family 
postponed the funeral ami waited. 

After the animal heat in his body had reached 
seventy degrees pulsations were felt in his wrists, 
and his chest rose and fell from twelve to fifteen 
times an hour, indic.iting that respiration had set in. 
The cofliu was put out of sight, and on March 21 
the sick man opened his eyes and called for food. 
He ate a hearty meal, slept three days longer, and 
then got up and went about his work as if nothing 
had happened. Every year since then he has 
dropped off to sleep .at the beginning of settled 
cold weather and has not awakened until the early 
spring birds come north. In the warm weather he 
seems as active and vigorous as he e\er was. al- 
though his memory has failed of late, and at times 
he complains of headaches. The doctors give no 
name to the malady, but say it is due to a torpid 
condition of the body which is allied to the hiber- 
nation of animals. For want of a better title the 
people have named him the woodchuck man. 


flowers were once novelties themselves it is just as 
well to allow others to determine the real value of 
most of the flaming novelties of the catalogues. 
The descriptions appended to some of these show a 
gift of language that would enable the possessor to 
distinguish himself in the world of letters were 
his attention directed to that end. But between 
the description and the jtccomplished fact in your 
own garden is a long and a hard road to travel, and 
it is just as well in the majority of instances to await 
results at the hands of more adventurous experi- 

Falling bullets kill many men, e\cn when they 
are lying sheltered behind trenches. If a bullet is 
fired in the air it falls with as much force as it goes 
up. But, curiously, there is a certain limit of height 
beyond which a bullet gains no more falling force; 
the reason being that when the motion is very rapid 
the resistance of the air balances the attraction of 
gravity. In the siege of Sebastapol— and, in fact, 
during ever)' campaign — a great many men were 
killed by falling bullets. And the terrific force with 
which the)' come down is shown by a case in which 
the bullet entered the shoulder of a ca.valryman, 
passed down through his body and penetrated sev- 
eral inches into his horse's back. 

A curious instance occurred not long ago in India. 
While a native was cleaning boots in the open air 
he was seen to drop dead without a cry. On exam- 
ining him, they found that a bullet had entered the 
top of his head. No shot had been heard, and the 
person who fired it must have been a very long way 

■ m I 


When the seed catalogues reach the buyer long 
months after they have been wrapped and directed 
one of the first things that strike the eye of the read- 
er is the glowing description of the novelties in the 
flower and fruit line. It is well to invest in a few of 
them, perhaps, but for the main crop it is a great 
deal better to stick to some old stand-by that you 
are familiar with. While it must be remembered 
that all the standard varieties of both fruit and 

Theke is something about the occupation of a 
diver that strongly appeals to the imagination of 
most people. Many men, such as miners, get a liv- 
ing by more dangerous work, but they are in their 
own element. Twenty or thirty feet below the sur- 
face of water, in semi-darkness, dependent upon a 
rickety pump for the breath of life, a diver's exist- 
ence is a precarious one. 

One can hardly realize the horror and weirdness 
of deep sea diving, and no class of men are so su- 
perstitious as divers. It is a trade that takes the 
life out of a man, and divers are a set of grave, so- 
ber-faced men with whom smiling is almost a lost 
art. It is seldom that a diver will talk about h'is 
profession; his association with the dead and the 
drowned secrets of the sea, as in the course of his 
daily toil he stumbles upon them, make him as se- 
cretive as the cavernous ocean itself. Occasionally, 
however, one will talk, and the stories he tells, of 
horror, of death, of weird uncannny silence, and 
then again of the most beautiful surroundings, 
where fishes of exquisite coloring swim through 
submarine forests, and the whole seems a panoramic 
view conjured up from the virgin field of a man's 
imagination. ^ 

The Hindu is a strict vegetarian. The low-caste 
Hindu is a fatalist. So, when the famine stalks 
abroad, the Hindu submits uncomplainingly. Day 
by day he will subsist on less food, until at last, 
when a mere shadow, he will drng his bony self to a 
relief station. There he may get food — or he may 
not. If not, he crouches in some corner, or out in 
the fields, under the trees and awaits the coming of | 
death. The majority of the victims are women and 
children. Once that famine knocks at the door, 
these helpless beings are doomed. Their support — 
father or brother, or other male relative — unable to 
further earn his miserable three cents a day, begins 
by selling his cow; then come the few silver trinkets 
of the women, then the wooden parts of their 
wretched dwellings, then their clothing, then — when 
hope has already fled — half dead, tottering along in 
agony, they drag ihemselves to the nearest relief 
station. On they go, beneath a pitiless sun, drop- 
ping exhausted. Three-quarters of all those who 
start thus for succor die — the balance live until an- 
other visitation plays further havoc with them and 
theirs. Twenty million human beings died from 
hunger in 1897. No one knows what the fearful re- 
cord will be for 1900. 

RdvePtising Column. 

TtiF- Inglenook reaches I. 

mainly agricultural, and nearly all well-to-do. It nffordia '' 

111 reacliiug a cash purcluising constituency. ,\dvenise ""*^"*'« " 

proved by the maaagenieni 

iiicli, cash with the order, and no di 



*."»■' "" k u.v.-.. ■ -..^ ••V —.avwuiii iTiimcvcr lor CODtln " 1 

per inch, first and each succeeding llnic. Thh Inglkv ^"^-^ 
1 of the church carrying advertiscnientft, " *"*" "if- 

In our morning paper we find a telegram from 
London, that white over sixty-o/ic millions of people 
in India are affected by the i^Xi\\XK^, only about four 
millions are receiving any relief. Is this necessary? 
We answer, " No." There is food enough in the 
world to supply all. When by the progress of hu- 
mane education these wars arc stopped, and the in- 
mtmcrable millions of dollars now squandered on great 
armies and navies and fortifications and terrible in- 
ventions to destroy life can be devoted to humane 
purposes, there will be no more famines, and for ev- 
ery man, woman and child and dumb creature in 
man's service there will be enough to eat. 

Annual Meeting 

North Manchester, Ind. 

Missouri Pacific Rail^av 

...ANL.,., ^ 

Iron Mountain Route 





From points in Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana, ^ 
main line points, Kansas City and Omaha, both mdiisirt 
Tickets will be on sale May 28th lo 301b, inclusive. 

From points in Kansas, Nebraska and Indian Terrin 
tickets will be on sale May 28th and 2glb. 


You will find this the best equipped and quickest li 
dining Chair Cars (seats free) and Pullman Bugei S!ttp5( 
Cars on all trains. A representative of the Missouri hr.-r. 
Railway will be in attendance at the meeting, and w]|l 
pleasure in furnishing any information desired in regai 
this great System. 

(ieneral Passenger and Ticket Ajtn 
St. Louis, no. 

Something for Ministers 

" A Square Talk About the Inspiration of the Bible" isii 
tide of a book brought out under the auspices of iheOs 
Fund and is furnished our ministers on receipt of il« c« 
postage. It has about 100 pages, is bound in clolh,aiidisE» 
and interesting reading. But we have the unparalleled (^ 
of the book and 


to Ihe end of the year tor the price ol the paper, Hll'' 
Send us fifty cents and you will get the book free. M"' 
letter do the whole business. Fifty ceius and you g« I" ' 
at once and this paper to New Year's day. and everyw" 
iween. In subscribing say that you are a mnislen 
Brethren church. Address: 

22 ai^d 24 S. State St.. Elgi"' '"'"' 


We have moved from Mt. Morns, 111., "> I^'S'"' 
now selling Cap Goods exclusively. 

We are sending goods by mail to nearly '""J.^^^ ■ 
Union. Our motto is " Best Goods at Lowest 
for samples free to Dp ARNOI-^' 

■ Bljl"^"*' 

T HAVE sold off all my expensive iDcub.iH 
•'■ one niyseU. It is the best I know in ll'e '""— ^ ^ (,„, 
JS.oo to make, and il holds «i.d li.nch" "» «' ,„ ,ii. 
bnlare.llive Incnbslor. a working nachine ' ^j^.„, 
otiiers. I sell a complete blueprint plan that any ^^^ ^ 
Enclose a J cent stamp «nd I'll tell you all »»»"' "^ ' 
VALLEV POULTRY FARM. Le»isbnrel.. "n 


From the Mill to the Wearer ! Wholesale Pric«' 

We have had years ot i- 'J," 
want. We make the clotb...v.'* 

• e in making Brethren Clothing. 

Know ju'' 

.or yonr use, and from it cut to measure an 


your clothing. We d^;^„% ;,»«•'* .n you, and do not sell to storekeepers. Notvhtre 
can you get this o; ^V^^eJ^ Send for samples and wholesale prices. Satisfaction g 

Hamilton Woolen Mills Co., 

221-223 Market Street. 



LaI'<;h, and the world laughs with you. 

Weep, and you weep alone; 
This grand old earth must horrnw its mirth. 

It has trouble enough of its own. 
Sin?, and the hills will answer, 

.Sigh, it is lost on the air; 
The echoes bound to a joyful sound. 

But shrink from voicing care. 

Be glad, and your friends are many. 

Be sad, and you lose them all; 
There are none to decline your nectared wine. 

But alone you must drink life's gall. 

There is room in the halls of pleasure 

For a long and lordly train; 
But, one by one, we must all file on 

Through the narrow aisles of pain. 

Feast, and your halls are crowded; 

Fast, and the world goes by; 
Succeed and give, 'twill help you live; 

But no one can help you die. 
Rejoice, and men %vill seek vou; 

Grieve, and they turn and go— 
They want full measure for all your pleasure. 

But they do not want your woe. 


lie lived ,1 day or two longer on this 
ih. and in our present form of existence, slie had 
ifjlded her nineteenth year, as we recognize 
e She was always more or less frail, and it was 

expected that she would grow up stout and 
lis. and as she lay in her cradle, in the very 
ni "here she was lying so quiet and still, the 
"' J.1.V, those who saw her went away feeling 

't would soon be that she had gone home. But 
P'tying gods gave her nineteen beautiful years, 

'nen called her back, 
ike was never like other children. She was too 

" "Ke a beautiful, ghostly visitor, from the 

1 "nseen, tarrying awhile in the clay. It was 
, ^=f'"a statue in miniature set beside the 

'mages of the mound builder. Ouiet, such 

^ a'c quiet, thoughtful, whom the gods 

hJ,!u°' '''" S''^" "P "itl' "le birds and 
"*■ A 1 seemed to recognize the weakness 

ervlo 'i'" ^'^'^ "'<= —living spark, and 
■y house dog singled her out and looked into 

; h I. '' ^^°"Sh he would say some- 

ears o,?',,""' ^'''^'' °' l-""'- And so passed 
«r5 of dolls and playthings, 

falls ', '"lu '""^" '° 'h« heart colors quickly 
"f briph 'u^'"""'' '° 'he early came to the 
meet !h ?'" "'''"'^ '^e brook and the 

""en 'in ,"h"' ', P'^y"i'"gs of children are 

"'■he saw "'^ °^ ^'■"■'> womanhood. 

Sitwa. ;u' """ '>"°""' f°'- she never said. 

*>.ridi„'s'r""'' of the mail-clad, plumed 

" of brute , °''" "'"' '''"'""' ""y ''"*°'^- 
•lef awav , '^"f^'h, coming to claim her and 

"'^"PPort ,. ! "'"''■ The vine seeks the 
'"■erock „■'""■"' flower blooms best clos- 
•'' 'he s,i„,'„ "' " "^^ ="" <^s dreams are and 

so one night when the bird had his head under his 
wing, and the little ones in fur were rolled in a ball 
in their lowly homes the Angel came and called 
and she went, silently and quickly. When the sun- 
rise touched the tree tops, and those who were left 
looked, all they saw was the tenantless house in 
which she had dwelt. And they cried aloud and 
moaned and mourned. 

As she lay in her coffin in the darkened room 
surrounded with pure white roses, and beautiful pur- 
itan lilies it was a mummery and a mockery over a 
deserted dwelling. Children came in quietly, hat 
in hand, open mouthed and silent, looked in won- 
dering a»ve. and then went out and forgot. The 
ghoul of an undertaker saw that all was in order. 
The great, stiong man, at the graveside intoned the 

" liane and blessing, pain and pleasure. 
By the Cross are sanctified," 

and the assembled friends wailed out the song of 
the living over the clay vessel, broken at their feet. 

have passed. And yet, and yet. Mayhap our eyes 
are too dim, our ears too dull to see or hear the 
spirit of her who has passed the veil and has come 
again from time to time to look as a mother lo6ks 
on a child asleep and hearing and seeing not. 

Who may safely say that in our quiet hours, when 
we say we are thinking of the past, forgetful of all 
around us, some near and dear di.sembodied soul, 
unseen, unheard and intangible, ni.iy not be hover- 
ing near, beckoning and whispering in a language 
we do not understand, and then when we wake we 
say wc have been dreaming. There is no better 
word for it. but what is a dream? And who knows 
that those who have passed have gone ,iway at all? 
The best that we can do is to plant the rose over 
the mound, sit by it quietly, and looking to the west 
where our sun will set, think of the east where it 
rises for us, back of the cross crowned hill of Cal- 
vary and wait till we know as .St. Paul puts it. even 
as we are known. .\iid God be with all of us. 



"^"""^ agai,','^ 'houghtful as she watched the 

"° '^omnl"'- *"'' '''''^ seemed weaker, but she 

■'I''* hull, i^Vu °' '''""='■ P»'" or suffering. 

"" the 1 II ''°"' ^"^^ ^^ 'he year before, 

"■= lilacs red'l' ""sheathed under the win- 

'•'" and w l!'' """^ 'Withered and she grew 

*' T rather ^h ^'erybody knew it was 

"'"• =""1 leasr ,'';f ™^' Soing, though no- 

'''st of all she gave no sign. And 

KAMA, .\N INin \N UU^ 

And then they went home silently, each thinking 
his own thoughts. When theearlh had run another 
race around the sun the grass was struggh'ng to 
hide the jellow clay of the narrow mound in the 
place set aside for the repository of worn-out 
clothes of souls that "had passed, there was a pure 
white stone on which the hand of the graver had 
car\ed the word " Died," followed by the legend of 
dates. It was the best they or any of us could have 
done. But is the view correct? 1 think not. 

As the delicate forest bloom has its life crushed 
out by the heavy footfall of the night prowling 
beast, only to bloom again, so the spirit of lier who 
was with us nineteen beautiful years did not die, 
but passed from our sight and hearing. There is no 
such thing as death as the beast dies. We change 
and pass from one existence to another, as we pass 
from room to room, closing the door behind us, but 
knowing all that is doing in the company we have 
left back of us. The veil that hangs between us 
and them is impenetrable to our eyes, and elusive 
to our touch, but parts readily to their hand. And 
do they ever re-enter the vacated world? Who 
knows? None have ever heard the sure spoken 
word, or seen as we see in noonday glare those who 

"Thk manufacture of chocolate," said J. R. Anso, 
of Hrazil, " is a great industry. Of all the choco- 
late be. ins imported iiito the United States two- 
thirds go to one firm in Hoston. and the other third 
is distributed among the other manufacturers. The 
chocolates sold are of various grades. The Caracas 
chocolate is supposed to be the best. 

" If you take the various grades, technically 
known as the Caracas, the French, the German and 
so on, and take a piece of each and place them in a 
pan of water and allow them to dissoh e, any expert 
will tell yuu which is the best chocolate. The bet- 
ter grades will leave no sediment. The others will. 
This is e.xplained by the fact that in the cheaper 
grades the shell is ground up and used as a ' filler.' 
The lighter the chocolate the better the grade. 
The cheaper grades arc dark owing to the ground 
up shell. 

" Jt \s a queer thing about chocolate consunijition. 
There are chocolate fiends, just as there are opium 
fiends, tobacco slaves and liquor slaves. I cannot 
tell you why it is, but if people begin to eat choco- 
late the habit grows upon them. I don't think any 
amount of chocolate hurts any person. Of course 
the cheaper grades of chocolate have a large per- 
centage of sugar in them, and sugar is to a certain 
extent injurious, but for the chocolate itself I don't 
think any one eats enough to hurt him materially. 
In contradistinction to the exhilaration of alcoholic 
drinks chocolate seems to be a soother. Persons 
who are nervous and irritable find it a food that in 
a way calms and soothes and satisfies them. It is 
queer, but it is the truth. The consumption of 
chocolate is increasing enormously in the United 


Ouu missionaries in India are saving the children. 
Here is one of the starving ones. See the hopeless 
expression on the face. We who are well fed 
know nothing of the pangs of hunger, to say nothing 
of starvation. Our Brethren have sent nearly $20r 
000 to help save the children. 

Twenty people can gain money for one who can 
use it, and the \'ital question for individual and na- 
tion is ne\er " how much do they make?" but "to 
what purpose do tliey spend?' 

» » » 


tf Coppespondcnce ^ 


A GKKAT many pcgple are of the opinion that Si- 
beria is all a wonderfully cold and desolate country, 
the home of the exile, and the political criminal. 
The followinj; extract from the letter of an Amcrl- 
c.n engineer employed in that country puts a dif- 
ferent light on the people and their homes. Other 
interesting things are told: 

The climate of the country is not bad. In fact, it 
is quite hot from May to September, inclusive, 
while the cold comes from November to March, in- 
clusive. When I outfitted at St. Petersburg 1 was 
idvised to take along plenty of furs, and did so. 
When I reached Siberia I found the men wearing 
pongee silk suits, and watermelons were being 
raised. I was also advised to take along a good 
supply of provisions, yet I found good eating hous- 
es at almost every station. It can best be described 
by calling it a pioneer country, settled principally 
by -young Russians. You do not seethe Eskimo 
from the North or the Tartar from the South. The 
people seemed more prosperous, more rugged and 
happier than any other people in European or Asi- 
atic Russia. Russia wants to colonize this vast vir- 
gin district, and is constantly striving to induce 
people to go out there from the crowded centers. 
The railways built and iirojecled will give them a 
market for the things they raise, and in time Russia 
will be able to care for her own. There will be no 
famine when it becomes possible to move foodstuffs 
at a rea.sonable cost. 

Whole villages arc shipped bodily out to Siberia 
and emigrants arc given a certain amount of money, 
fifty rubles, a fur coat, or shuba, and a ticket out 
.ind back, so that they may go, examine, and report 
to their friends upon the country. Besides this, 
every prisoner, for no matter what trivial offense, is 
sent to Siberia, and not only goes himself, but has 
to take his family along, a new way of colonizing a 
country. They are sent for trivial offenses only a 
' short distance out into the country, but for more 
serious crimes their destination is further, and for 
murder, or crimes of as serious nature, they are 
shipped to Kamskatka, and have to work in the salt 
mines. The most serious thing a man can do in 
Russia is to engage in a treasonable enterprise 
against the government; for that and that alone 
they are sentenced to capital punishment. As be- 
fore stated, the government is making every effort 
to colonize Siberia. For example, a chateau near 
Moscow was burnt down, having been set on fire by 
some incendiaries, who were known to be peasants 
ot-two villages upon the estate. Curiously enough, 
these peasants were protesting against the introduc- 
tion of American farming machinery, lately intro- 
duced into that district. The authorities were un- 
able to determine who the guilty ones were, so they 
shipped both villages bag and baggage to Siberia. 
Prisoners upon arrival in Siberia are not locked in 
prisons, but are turned loose, and only have to re- 
port at stated periods to the Governor of the dis- 
trict. Consequently, you constantly see them walk- 
ing from place lo place, or working in mines — many 
mines depend entirely upon these men for labor. 

The houses in every village upon the main street 
facing the road, have little windows with shelves, 
about six feet above the ground, and on this shelf 
they place whatever food they have to spare. This 
is a custom handed down from a former period to 
aid escaped prisoners, the shelves being placed at 
that height so as to prevent dogs from getting at 
the food. 

Mcr\ and Samarkand, which, by the way, means 
"face of the earth," were the centers of civilization 
in Central Asia at the time of .Mexander the Great. 
After lea\ing Merv we went on to and saw both the 
ancient and modern cities. The latter is now a 
flourishing city of 400,000 people. When the Rus- 
sians took the place it was probably the greatest 
slave market in the world, and it is said that the 
soldiers of the Czar released 400,000 slaves in Bok- 
hara and Kiva. Bokhara was the home of the raid- 
ers, who swept south among the Persians and north 
and cast among the Mongolians, and it is of record 
that 20,000 slaves, principally women and children, 
have been driven in at one time. The effect of that 
traffic is still to be seen in the faces of the people 
who walk the streets of Bokhara, for they bear the 
cast of the Persian and Mongolian. Bokhara had 

its black hole, too, and I stood upon the great, flat 
stone that now caps it. Like the other black holes, 
it was a great underground chamber where the luck- 
less prisoner was cast to die. The most interesting 
place in Bokhara is the execution tower. I had 
heard of it before, bu( the matter had slipped from 
my mind, and it was from the Ameer himself that I 
sought information about it. It is a finely con- 
structed stone tower, and its height of 250 feet 
makes it imposing. I asked the Ameer what it was 
when it caught my eye, and he explained that it was 
the execution tower. The prisoner condemned to 
death, he explained, was compelled to walk to the 
top and then step off. He went to a sheer plunge 
of 250 feet to the stone flagging below, and if he 
survived the flight through the air his life was 
crushed out at the bottom. I expressed the opin- 
ion that it was a horrible punishment, but he 
seemed to think it quite as good as any other meth- 
od, and added that it made a " fine sight." He had 
a couple of prisoners condemned to die a week 
later, and, with true Oriental hospitality, said that 
he would have them killed at once so I might see 
just how the thing was done. With all the respect 
that I could summon, I begged that he let the law 
take its course. The Russian Government has long 
contemplated doing away with the tower of death, 
and one of these days that method of execution 
will be abolished. 

I have had special opportunities for seeing and 
studying Russia, and I do not hesitate to pronounce 
her future a wonderful one. She has a wealth of 
untouched territory that is rich in minerals and still 
richer in its agricultural possibilities. She has 
problems of transportation and harmonizing of pop- 
ulations, but the genius of her people is meeting 
these obstacles, and one by one they are being 
solved. When the task is done I hesitate to even 
guess at her possibilities. 

one hundred twenty millionaires, besides j 
and well-to-do middle class. Moreover sh 
show in all the branches of intellectual c„|/ 
art and sciences, a long list of eminent ine„ J''" ' 
cupy for the most part the first rank in tf, " 
cialty. She is also reputed for her numerou ' 
important works of charity and bencvolenc,; \' 
have acquired a development which could nou 
been reached in other centuries. 

Basel has a very interesting cathedral uhcr 

buried the ashes of the reformer (Ecola; 




We present to the readers of The Inglesook an 
idea of Basel (in French Bale), one of the richest, 
oldest and most venerable cities of Switzerland. 
The ancient called it "The Golden City," because 
it was the principal entrance to the Swiss Alps. 

Basel ought to be of great interest to the mem- 
bers of the Brethren church, as out of the eight 
pious souls who, about two hundred years ago " re- 
kindled in Germany the dying embers of Primitive 
Christianity, one was a Swiss and a native of Basel 
— Aiidniv Bony by name! 

In the very interesting " History of the German 
Baptist Brethren in Europe and America," by M. 
G. Brumbaugh, we are also told that Christian Libi; 
native of Epstein in Germany, ordained an elder 
and missionary, " pressed into Switzerland and 
preached the religion he loved in the city of Basel. 
f-le was arrested and asked to renounce his faith. 
This he refused to do, He was sent to the galleys, 
and had to work the galling oars by the side of 
criminals, for two' years. He was then ransomed 
and came to Creyfelt where he was under the senior 
eldership of John Naas. This was about 1722." 

Basel is situated north of Switzerland, on the Ger- 
man frontier. Its climate is mild, and the suburbs 
crowded with gardens are rich in flowers and south- 
ern fruits. 

Owing to her splendid situation, the city is be- 
coming more and more an industrial center, and the 
spirit of enterprise, joined to the energy, persever- 
ance and genius of her inhabitants, is worthy of no- 
tice. It is more especially her industry in silks, in- 
troduced more than two centuries ago, together 
with other auxiliary trades, which represent her 
enormous capital and insure the existence of her 
thri\ing population. 

The attraction of the city is entranced by the pic- 
turesque aspect of her outskirts whose tranquil, se- 
rene, cheerful and healthy nature, its varied and 
splendid sites, present attractions always new. The 
conformation of the mountains, hills and valleys of 
the neighboring Jura presents an interest altogether 

The old, celebrated Rhine rolls down its blue and 
green surges, dividing the city in two unequal parts, 
which old solid bridges join together. 

Basel is from an economical point of \iew the 
richest city in Switzerland. With her population of 
.S5,ooo inhabitants, it has, it is popularly recorded. 


"In the North," said the old circus man, "ih. 
■iire to get into the tent by crawling under ihe ■ , 
vas is confined to the small boy. But in the S * 
the entire colored population comes to tin- gto 1 
and hangs around day and night looking for j„ ^ 
portunity to get in free. And to crawl wnial, 
canvas seems to them to be the easiest way. \,\. 
and women tramp around and around the tent 1, 
ing for an unguarded point. We always p^t^jj 
canvasmen on watch when we go to the Soulhi 
our show. I have witnessed more than one am,,, 
ing and exciting incident growing out of thisi,- 
of the negro to get into. the circus without buiin„ 
ticket. They go literally when t, 
show comes to town, and they won't do a tip, 
work until it leaves. One reason why they 4, 
step up to the ticket wagon and hand out thei 
is that they never have any. There maybeofc 
reasons, but I have never inquired further intoil 

" I was with old Adam Forepaiigh one fall ivk 
he took his show' to the South for an extended s: 
son. Two new canvasmen nearly precipilalei! 
riot for us at Lexington, Ky. They had been lii 
for the special purpose of keeping negroes Im: 
crawling under the tent, and they saw an oppon.t 
ty to make a little money for themselves on :' 
side. They were able to work out their scks 
through the fact that they were favorably stalionei 
for it. One was at the outside at the connection kt 
tween the main tent and the menagerie, and it 
other on the inside, within the connection. 
"Among the vast crowd of negroes 
about the show was a large number who hadc«c 
to town expecting to get in for ten ortweniy* 
cents. The outside canvasman gave outaqiiKH) 
that if any one had any change in his pocket-,^ 
giving it to the right person he could getintoli 
show at cut rates. They began to crowd aw: 
him, tendering varied amounts of money, froi»> 
cent up to forty-five. He accepted all ten*" 
He told them that he would have to put ibc» 
one at a time. He did. 

" The inside man was waiting for theni. J«' 
soon as a black head would appear mid" Hit ' 
vas he would grab it, drag the rest of the P 
owning it inside and shove himoiit of tlie^^ 
side of the narrow connection. From ""^'^^ ,' 
long way around to the man who gotl ■= 
If one of the dupes found his way back, »^ ^^^ 
uncertain, and wanted his money leturue ^^^ 
promptly shoved under the canvas aga" ^^^ 
as promptly kicked out on the other sidt. 
kind of an endless chain. j,,y s 

"Why didn't the two men let tne ^^^j. 
Well, old Adam Forepaugh was "•'.""^'i^^. |,„l 
saw an unusual number of negroes "i .^^ ^^ 
would at once have made the rounds ^^^ 
they were getting in. That was w y^^ ^^^^. 
was about half over that "'8'" " ' „,;„„te«'' 
racket started at the connection. ■ ^^„j„gfo; 
passed and we saw two '^^""'■'^"^,''"„' angry.!" 
arbund the hippodrome track "''J'" ^^jjetif 
crowd of negroes after them. ' " „t ol 
Thought It >^J y p 

Tb.itnave"' ,, 
men time to escape, '^i"-'' ,"";■;;, We'* 


joyed it immensely 
show. We knew different, 
and headed the negroes off. 

After we learnei 


it we regretted our 

promising canvasmen at Lexing 

, i.„vpti3"*',i; 
Pr was a belief :imong the '■"'^[^.led <| 
third finger of the left hand was c^ ^^^^^ 
heart by means of a slender "'^'"^^^^ , 
lief came the custom of wearing 

on that finger. 

We are all more or less ii"'"'"'"' 
perhaps, but all the same imita ■■ 



,,, XHK.» INGLENOOK *** 

^ Hatupc g>^ Study -^ 



liiio*' as 

I nei' 
iu-n afte 




homing instinct develops in younfj animals 
t-arly as the desire for food. In the wild 
is a necessity, since without it the young 
er keep in touch with herd or pack, 
enturies of domestication, it is still 
Witness this tale of little pigs. They were 
month old when their owner decided to 
He wanted to fat and kill their mothers, so 
fffred the lot of forty at a bargain price. A 
hbor five miles away bought the pigs, put them 
bo.v, hoisted the bo.v on a wagon and 
■ulcd it home. There the were put in a close 
fed with milk and mush for two weeks, then 
vcn the range of a small lot adjacent to the pen. 
!,,« mornings later every one was missing. A 
II hole carefully rooted under the gate was the 
lie explanation of their disappearance. Their 
searched high and low for them, sending 
en to adjacent farms, but could not find them, 
lat afternoon the original owner sent word he had 
und thirty-nine of the forty standing squealing at 
when he awoke. The buyer going to re- 
aim the strays, found the missing fortieth pig ly- 
.Khausted by the roadside, but still struggling 
writhe along on the trail of its mates. 
Upon the same Middle Tennessee plantation a 
\x year old mare was bought from an Ohio drove. 
le di-o\e had been brought down on stock cars 
the county town, seven miles away. The mare 
imeci perfectly content in her new surroundings, 
after a week or two she was allowed to pasture 
Ih other stock. For _ a day she was happy, 
izint; and frolicking with the rest. Toward noon 
the second day a watcher saw her suddenly fling 
her head, cock one ear forward, one b.icic, as 
lugh listening intently to a far-off call, then start 
swinging gallop for the pasture fence, clear it 
,h one Hying leap, cross a field of young corn, 
;e the boundary fence, a much stiffer one, and go 
ay due north. Nothing more was seen or heard 
her for three months. Then, by a singular 
ince, shewas discovered, impounded as an estray, 
re than half way across the State of Kentucky. 
; had swum a considerable river to get so far, 
I had been taken up. through breaking into a 
iturc lo graze. She was going home straight as 
crow flies, making no account whatever of the 
Ids and turn' 

imons; fowls, domestic turkeys are the most per- 
cnt homers. This same plantation's 


her old one, tabby was seen skittering through the 
woods a bird i„ her mouth, or sunning herself 
luxuriously high in some safe tree crotch The 
first n.ppmg frost brought her to the familiar door, and looking up at her old master quite as 
though she had never left it. 

'PARKING " A nOpsB. 

< in the route by which she had been 

same plantation's mistress 
"d that out in a way at once odd and provoking. 
: raised a brood of fourteen, which turned out to 
lam thirteen gobblers. They were fine, lusty, 
n?e-brown fellows, although this was in the year 

' iTonze turkeys, so called, were unknown. 

gave away seven out of thirteen to as many 

L >' '° '"" ^' ""^ '"=='^ °f "^•^i"' bleeding 
fo h h^ "^""sequence almost every day for six 
Y' ''ad to go out and help to separate her 
F ' "keys from some other 
^8°bblers came back home, 
"'' "ith his harem at his heels. 

proverbial homers. Southern negroes 
I their t '^"'^■'''''"'"g superstitions connected 
tluct- "?^^'' '" moving they say it is the 

Wry b"i , ™°''''' '° '^'"= "'""e "^"^ <^"'- " '= 
arc „, ''' , ""■ '" give away a cat. unless its 
^ "sed, and allowed to make marks on the 
goes over. They say, further, the hom- 

"■ Parking 'a horse," said a veteran trainer " is 
teaching him to e.vecute those pretty, prancing 
steps and caracoles that lend so much grace and 
spirit to a thoroughbred under the saddle. It 
comes natural to some horses to do all that when 
they are slightly checked up, and in such a case it 
IS simply the expression of a superabundance of fire 
and vitality, but most of them have to be taught 
When an animal is properly • parked ' a gentle pull 
on the rein and a touch of the knee will set him 
dancing in the daintiest, prettiest fashion imagina- 
ble. He seems aquiver with life and seems ready 
at a word to fly away like an arrow from a bow. It 
is a graceful and highly effective performance and 
will easily add ten or fifteen per cent to the value of 
any fancy saddle nag. There is a great difference 
between 'parking,' as the term is used technically, 
and mere fidgeting or jumping about through ex- 
cess of nervousness and ' go.' Any high-strung an- 
imal hates to be pulled up, but the mincing minuet 
that makes a horse a perfect picture and incidental- 
ly sets off the rider to immense advantage is usual- 
ly, as I said before, a matter of education. 

" The training is by no means an easy job, either. 
It is generally supposed that horses are among the 
most intelligent of animals, but that isn't so. They 
are among the most stupid, and their brain is rela- 
tively very much smaller than that of a dog. Some 
simply won't learn and w^e have to give them up as a 
bad job. It would be idle to persist after a few 
failures. In doing tricks it is always necessary for 
a horse to receive a cue in the shape of a visible 
sign or touch. I never yet knew one that could be 
depended upon to obey simply a spoken command. 
The command is usually given, but it is for the ben- 
efit of the spectator. The private sign is what the 
animal really notices. 

the wants of the oyster, being, therefore, a benefit 
instead of a detriments to the latter. In return for 
the oysters kindness in protecting it against its 
enemies, the little crab catches and crushes food 
which in Its entire state could not be taken by the 
oy-Jter. A singular thing in connection with them 
js that all found inside of the oyster arc females. 
1 he male of the same variety has a hard shell 

" When I first came to this city I was a very 
green country boy. I had heard a good deal about 
fulton market oysters, so I went there and ordered 
a stew. I had eaten about half of it, when I was 
disgusted to find what I then called a little red bug 
in It. I kicked up a fuss, and they had an awful 
time conciliating me. It took me some years to 

realize that 

was in error in calling the titbit a 




flock. Each of the 
not once but many 


propensity can be d 

'""^■^ 'eet before 
home. Bl; 


estroyed by putting butter 

they touch anything in her 

aek walnuts, which it is near' 

That the toad is beneficial to the farmer, and 
particularly to the gardener, is admitted by every 
one who has observed its habits. Additional facts 
have been secured by recent observations at the 
Massachusetts experiment station, which show the 
toad's food is composed of insects and spiders, 
about eighty per cent of which are directly injuri- 
ous to cultivated crops, or in other ways obnoxious 
to man. 

The toad feeds on worms, snails, sow bugs, com- 
mon greenhouse pests and the many-legged worms 
which damage greenhouse and garden plots. It 
feeds to some extent on grasshoppers and crickets, 
and destroys large numbers of ants. It consumes a 
considerable number of May beetles, rose chasers, 
click beetles or adults of the wireworm, potato bee- 
tles and cucumber beetles. It is a prime destroyer of 
cutworms and armyworms. 

To all agriculturists the toad renders conspicuous 
service, but the gardeners and greenhouse owners 
may malce this animal of value. Eveiy gar- 
dener should aim to keep a colony of toads among 
his growing crops, and the practice of collecting 
and transferring them to the gardens is a com- 
mendable one. 

.•ELV new vegetable, which is finding 
more and more favor in the eyes of housewives, is the 
burr or globe artichoke, or what is more commonly 
known in the shops as the French artichoke. It is 
a native of the countries about the Mediterranean, 
■where it is grown extensively, and where it thrived 
in the open air. To a less extent it is grown in 
gardens in Central Europe and I-ingland. Only late- 
ly Jias it been introduced to this country, although in 
Louisiana a similar variety has been cultivated by 
the Creole gardeners for several years. Being sen- 
sitive to severe cold, plants require winter protec- 
tion in all Northern regions. 

The vegetable is a perennial, with stems three to 
four feet high, and large pinnatified leaves, two or 
three feet long. The leaves are whitish green 
above and cottony on the lower surface, their bases 
extentling in wings down the stems. The flower 
head, the portion eaten, is very large, something 
like that of a sunflower, but with blue florets. In 
the cultivated plant the base of the flower head and 
the bases of the enveloping scales are quite fleshy, 
and the ripe heads are not dissimilar in appearance 
to pine cones. The French artichoke has been one 
of the sought-after novelties among lovers of good 
things to eat for several seasons. At first the veg- 
etable was received here from New York importers, 
who secured the offerings from French growers at a 
heavy expense. The cost upon reaching Kansas 
City was so great that dealers -were obliged to ask 
an almost prohibitive price and few could afford 
the delicacy. This season, however. California 
growers have shipped in a few crates on special or- 
ders and the artichokes have given as good satis- 
faction as those imported from France. The first 
arrivals commanded twenty-five cents apiece, but at 
present they may be had for fifteen cents. 




lo move "' """"" " "" '"^""y as "The demand for that little southern delicacy, 

'"^'^' antidotes T '^"'^' '"^'' ^"^ "^'''^ '° ^"'""^ ^^ ""^ oyster crab, is always larger than the supply, 

' 'y'Hg a ne l-'^ '^''^'^'''"g "'em carefully, and and I have, all I can do to obtain the fifty or sixty 

"'"" upon h' "r °^ ^'"^"'^ °" ""^ '^^'' °'^ ''"'" gallons which are daily required for flavoring stews 

iftofa "^^ *^" ^""^ ''°°'^- " is lucky to and making omelets in the leading hotels, restau- 

"^ '" you of it ' ^"'^ luckier still to have one rants and clubs of this city," said a wholesale fish 

h '^''^nhome'-^ own motion. A gift-cat ought dealer in New York to a Washington Star writer. 

''"ill escan" '^ ^^^^'^"'^'^'■^ '''■'''' ^o none of "Our northern oysters do not contain the little 

°'"''hsland' dainties, so I am obliged to buy them from the 

"'*'' 'hell (ju'Jf "''^ "*^ done in the case of a oyster shuckers along the York. Rappahannock and 

" mile s' ^ came home over a distance other southern rivers. The Chesapeake Bay shore 

'"^^ hom. I ^""^ ^" summer to do it in. oystermen send us some also. 

"ever Very f 'hrough pleasant woods and "The little crab found in the oyster is not, as 

l>etwcen I ' " a clear creek. At various commonly supposed by two-thirds of the oyster-eat- 

' and N '' "'"^" ^''e vanished from her ing community, the young of the blue crab, but is a 

ovcmber, when she reappeared at I distinct species. It is a messmate of and caterer to 

Cevlon is the home of the largest species of spi- 
der that has yet been made the subject of entomo- 
logical investigation. This web-spinning monster 
lives in the most mountainous districts of that rug- 
ged island and places his trap— not a gossamer 
snare of airy lightness, but a huge net of yellow silk 
from five to ten feet in diameter— across the chasms 
and fissures in rocks, says Our Fc-/lou-Cn-tilnKs. 

The supporting guys of this gigantic net, which 
in all cases is almost strong enough for a hammock, 
are from five to twenty feet in length, as conditions 
and circumstances may require, made of a series 
of twisted webs, the whole being of the diameter of 
a lead pencil. As might be imagined, this gigantic 
silken trap is not set for mosquitoes, flies and pes- 
tiferous gnats, but for birds, gaudy moths and ele- 
gantly painted butterflies, some of the latter having 
a Sfiread of wing equal to that of a robin or a blue- 

Some extra fine skeletons of small binls. lizards, 
snakes, etc., ha\e been found in those webs, with 
every vestige of flesh picked from them. The own- 
er and maker of these queer silk traps is a spider 
with a body averaging four and one-half inches in 
width and six inches in length and with legs nine to 
twelve inches from body to terminal claw. 

The warden of the jail at Chicago is about to set 
the female prisoners to work cultivating roses. He 
believes that eventually their cultivation will raise 
the moral standard of those who tend them. 



Al M and S4 Soutli Stale Sttecl. Klgin. Illinois I'ricf . »i.06 a veat. It is 
a high grade paper lor high grade boys and girts who love good reading. 
INGLENOOK waDls contiibuiions. briglil. well written and ol general inleresl. 
No love iiones or any with killing or cruelly in thcni will be considered. H 
Tou waiil your aiticles returned. U not atallaWo, send sianiped and ad- 
dressed envelope, Send subscrlpilons. arliclen and everything intended lor 
The iNr.LBVOOK, to the lullowinc address: 

Urf.iiihiin FiF-MsiiiNf; H01.15E. Elgin. IlUnol*. 

Enlered at Ihe Post Oflicc ..I Elgir 

, a!) Second-class Mniler. 


In all SLXlions of the country there are bright 
boys and ijirls who look with lonjjing eyes toward 
the college, and in their dreams they imagine what 
they would do if they only had the chance. They 
are so situated that it will never come to them. 
l!\it they long for an education that seems utterly 
beyond their reach. Now shall these people, and 
they are many, be debarred from becoming schol- 
ars? Not so. It is entirely within the reach of ev- 
ery reader to secure for himself or herself a most 
valuable education. It will lack the completeness 
of a course at school, and it will not be so well pfo- 
portioned as what would be had at a college, but it 
is an education, and with it you ni.ay do wonders. 

The start is to be made by systematic reading 
and study. It would be well to consult some per- 
s(m ol undoubted qualification as an adviser, and 
then take hold. It takes time, not only a long time, 
but time out of each day, .ind that time must not be 
used for other purposes. If you find that impossi- 
ble the matter might as well be abandoned. It 
lakes time to read and study, and nothing else can 
be done to advantage while it is going on. An 
hour a day will work wonders in the long run. But 
it must be an hour given to study. Work and play 
are not to be mixed with it. 

Now suppose we suggest a book, and let it be 
" Prescptt's History of the Conquest of Mexico." 
This is a book that can be had anywhere, and in 
the new does not cost much, while every good sec- 
ond-hand bookstore has it. Now once it is in your 
possession, and the time set for reading, and reso- 
lutely adhered to, it wovild be a good thing to first 
ascertain what the Conquest actually was in general 
terms, then, after learning something about the per- 
sonality of the author, read it carefully' and 
thoughtfully. If there is anybody with whom you 
can talk about what jou have read so much the 
better. Now the facts are that a .Spaniard named 
■ Cortez, with about six hundred followers, set sail 
from Cuba over three hundred years ago and con- 
quered a nation of ten or twelve millions, parcelled 
out the country to suit himself, and laid the foun- 
dations of what is now the country of Mexico. 
This is the Conquest, and I'rescott tells the story 
in as interesting a manner as a novelist tells a tale. 
In fact it is hardly history, but rather a romance. 

After mastering the Conquest there are hundreds 
of thousands of other books to read and study, and 
life is not long eiiough to know even the names of 
them. Hut taking the acknowledged best the time 
rapidly approaches when the reader is something 
more and more of a scholar, and getting to be a 
thinker. Then there are the magazines, and the\- 
arc legion, and in them is current literature of the 
highest order. all that you can buy or bor- 
row of them. 

Never say can't. Tell the truth about yourself 
.tnd say that you haven't continuity of purpose, are 
too lazy, or anything but " can't." All wisdom lies 
in open palm for those who are willing to reach out 

for it. 


Many a young person is heard to say that if he 
can not be a good Christian he is Eiot going to be 
one at all. Now let us consider this situation a lit- 
tle. The feeling is a commendable one, in a certain 
sense, but it is also an impossible accomplishment. 
It is frequently asserted because it is not known to 

the person what really is involved in a godly life. 
In the first place Christianity, that i.s, living like 
Christ would have us do, is one thing, and the 
church is another. The church is a mighty help, in 
fact it is the ordained help in the matter, and it is 
an essential to success. Christianity has its rules of 
conduct, and so has the church. Nobody ever fell 
into the perfect accord with all of them at once.- 
On the other hand it requires a continuance toward 
perfectedness. It is a school in which the learner 
has his rate of progress altogether within his own 
control, but nobody, not even the disciples, ever be- 
came full-fledged and perfected Christians over 
night. Belief and conviction may come in a flash, 
but perfection comes not in a single trial. As well 
might the boy say that unless he can build a good 
and perfect house at once he is not going to take 
hold of tools wherewith it is done. 

Character building is a growth. It is like the 
building of a house. Tier on tier of brick go to 
make up the perfect edifice. It is a work of from 
day to day, and not an instantaneous creation. 

Nobody ever lived who did not make mistakes of 
either head or heart, or both. Otherwise he would 
be perfect. That is impossible. Church member- 
ship is not for the perfect, or the perfected. It is 
a place and a conditibn that is an ever available 
help for the failures and the mistakes that we all 
make. It is a union of the strong and the weak 
that the latter may be helped by the former. And 
it is often the case that he who thinks he is the 
weaker is really the spiritual athlete. Take courage 
and come forth on the side of the Lord. With all 
your weaknesses, and your past and prospective 
failures, the church is the place in which to grow 
strong by helping to strengthen the weak. 

before him. And how is it possible! ^^^^ 
solutely just decision when we have n T"*" ' 
the motives that pre\-ailedr ^'^a. 

There is one thing that we should ever 
and that is that only God is all-knowin 
lutely just. 

We are enjoined to leave" 

his hands. What are we that we sho u'"" 
selves "^ '"' ''^ ' 

man antl 
the heart? 

up in judgment in anything bum '"' 
nd visible defects? Which of us can" ' 
And there is this thing furtl/''" 
member, and that is God judges us and oth ' '° 
the motives that control us. It is true th '' '' 
no other way of deciding than by acts, andth"^ ^'' 
us to a full stop when we come to settin ""' 
up as judges in matters it is not possible fo"*' 
know with anj' degree of correctness. "' ' 

Therefore, when we hear that which sho 
be, let us be careful of expressing an '" 
Swift to hear and slow to speak against .1. '","'" 
the rule. ''""''''l* 


One often hears talk about the good old times, 
the days of the long ago, when everything was bet- 
ter than it is now, and the people were honest, and 
all things were in much better shape than now. 
The actual facts are that the so-called good old 
times, all put together, wouldn't make half as good 
a time as we are having to-day. 

If we were to go back just a hundred years we 
would search in vain for a railroad, a thing un- 
dreamed of at that time. There was neither tele- 
graph nor telephone, and as for an electric light. 
people at that time did not know what even kero- 
sene was. They burned tallow candles, and 
thought it a wonderful 'thing when somebody in- 
\'ented the fat lamp. There were no steamboats or 
trolley cars, not even horse cars. Nobody had a 
common iron plow in those days, and they used 
a piece of timber shod with iron in its place. 
There was not a kitchen stove in existence, and no- 
body had ever heard of a match to light the fire 

These instances might be multiplied indefinitely, 
and as it has been so it will be. A hundred years 
to come things will have changed much more than 
they have in the century past and gone. It will be, of course, and it is impossible to con- 
ceive what m,iy happen. That which is deemed 
impossible now will be things understood and 
worked by children then. 


A F.4M0US artist was once asked to paint 
ture of a Decaying Church. To the astonishnr' 
of many, instead of putting on the canvas a " 
tottering ruin, the artist painted a stately eJifitt ' 
modern grandeur. Through the open portals co'iij 
be seen the richly carved pulpit, the magnificeniK 
gan and the beautiful stained-glass windows 1. 
within the grand entrance, guarded oneitlieisij. 
by a " pillar of the church " in spotless appardi, 
glittering jewelry, was an "offering plate "ofgoo* 
workmanship, for the offerings of the fashiort. 
worshipers. But— and here the artist's concenn,,- 
of a Decaying Church was revealed— right abo. 
the " offering-plate " suspended from a nail in; 
wall, there hung a square box, very simply pain 
and bearing the legend, "Collection for Form 
Missions," but right over the slot, through rii- 
certain contributions ought to have gone, lie b 
painted a huge cobweb! He'was right in Ihiit 
that it is a sure sign of decay when Christians ca^| 
to work for the spread of the Gospel, .is an mi 
fied contemporary wisely observes after citi 
above instance. 


Text: Judging Others. 

When we are so constituted that we are able to see 
into the hearts of people and know their motives, 
we may, possibly, be in a position to act as judge, but 
not before then. .Are we therefore denied an opin- 
ion on the merits of a case that may come before us 
for consideration? Not necessarily so, but we are 
to be very chary of expressing it. It is only when 
we hioiv that we are entitled to speak from and by 
authority. But the fact is so many of us are in 
the habit of giving a judicial opinion on what is not 
testimony. How can anybody correctly judge a 
case on hearing but one side? It takes a wise man 
to render a correct verdict when he has both sides 


The young man who would succeed in life m 
have great confidence in his own ability to adii; 
success. This is a foundation stone, ,inc! witho^i 
his building will either never go up, or will lopi 
The men who have achieved results in lifeb 
been men who believe in themselves, men ndi 
hope and of optimistic views. Despair never" 
a victory. Confidence must always precede .k" 
A young man can never accomplish anything » 
world till he is thoroughly convinced that lie» 

Pessimists have ne\ er done anything exctfi 
put stumbling-blocks in others' way. Itisthei ' 
ful, hopeful man— the man who believes lhe«" 
is growing brighter and better — that is ot ^'^ 
the world; not the man who fears failure. '■ 
failure, thinks his work will be a failure. • ' 
said, "The thing I feared has come ui'"" 
The very attitude or habitual condition "J^ 
mind has a great deal to do with ^'^ '^t 
Hence the importance of taking a hopeli" " 

things. , 

A BILL OF $330,000 A B*^- 

( ,h. Seciel"' 
AccoRDiNi; to the last report or tni. -^^.j.|,j 
War the army of the United States co >^^^ 
7,540 officers and 171,646 '="''*"''' /"'^'mooK'- 
Congress in what it supposed to °^^ (j,. 
generosity allowed a little over S"°'°*^'j|„jtni- 
expenses, but those who knew the ""^"^^u i* 
perfectly that much more money " ^^^p^sti 
quired, so we have not been very m" ,,|„„ii< 
find in the Urgency Deficiency Bi"^^ ^^ 
Congress the somewhat respectable su _ j,; 

This. [■ 
949 for the support of the army- 
is an addition to S;5,247.8i 1 already^ 
current year. In other Vords, «e ^' ,^ 
$330,000 a day, or Si,375 a" ''"'"'' .°,|' fc " 
for our present army organization .1 ^, 
in the various parts of the *^'° . ^'poiii 
feature in the whole case is that " ^^^ „ 
trying to hide the fact that we a^^^^ _ , 
large army, and if we are to p" .^^,^.3*. 
plans the size oi it may have to be 

»>■» THE • INGLENOOK •»» 


fSethods of Ppoeedurc in 

callings foP Uife WoPk. 


,d in the Saturday Evening Past an article on 

lect 3"d '' '* *" "'"'^'^ '" ''""^ "''"' what 
'* ''I'^oLESOOK is doing that we reproduce a con- 
."" hi part of it here for the information of ovir 
"'7',i who are following this column. The article 
"nttcn by William J. McQueen, an engineer on 
"sewVorl; Central and Hudson River Railroad. 
Upon the subject of education for engineers a 
le might be written and not exhaust the sub- 
To begin with, no engineer can know too 
gch and the more knowledge a beginner has the 
j„j,' it is for him. A college education is better 
;i grammar-school training, and a theoretical 
-jtion along technical lines is better than a col- 
education without that feature. Many of 
best engineers in the country are making or 
vt made up the deficiencies in their early train- 
b^ taking special courses of instruction in 
cchanical branches after they were already far ad- 
nced in their calling. I am now completing a 
lurse in theoretical mechanics, and if I should see 
lysit'nsofa prospecti\'e change in motive power 
om steam to electricity I would at once lit mjself 
be .1 practical electrical engineer. That is the 
ade 1 have set my son to learn. Of course a be- 
u'ho has an education in these branches is 
•tier fitted, everything else being equal, to suc- 
!cd :n the railroaei business than one who has not. 
ut this need not discourage a man, as there is al- 
ays time for stud)', and no man is too old to learn. 
eory, however, is not everything, as I have tried 
shiuv. It must be coupled with practical expe- 
Ence to accomplish the best results, and this ex- 
rienee can only be acquired as I have acquired it 
d .'IS thousands of other men have acquired it — by 
of hard and patient work on the deck of a lo- 

All)' young man with a common school educa- 
ood health and habits, intelligence, industry 
id ambition may become a locomotive engineer, 
:ovided he is willing to faithfully serve his ap- 
:enticeship. An experienced man often earns as 
uch as two thousand dollars a year and, as a rule, 
ks only half the week. This gives him an 
nee of time for study, rest and social enjoy- 
eiil His income is decidedly larger than many 
ofessional men receive, his working hours are half 
oiigandhis place is his for life, unless he delib- 
atcly throws his chances away or is the victim of 
unavoidable circumstance. Not only is his 
ture secure in his own vocation, but the higher 
aiiches of the service are open to him, provided 
lit! himself to fill them. There are many engi- 
Ws who have become master mechanics, division 
iitendents, superintendents of motive power, 
liisMmeh,ive gone even higher. Angus Sinclair, 
leiiilhor and editor, acquired the foundation of his 
!"■ knowledge while working as fireman, engineer 
_ nla^ter mechanic. There he t-eceived the 
fciical training which, coupled with his theoretic- 
nouledge, has made him a world-famed author- 
^ special lines. Promotion depends almost 
"|ion the man. .Study, thorough and con- 
nterest and welfare of the road 


'« cue for th 

III 01 

"s patrons, industry and intelligent self-re- 
^ ■"'■- the keynotes of success. 
"• J^ow to begin? The usual way to become an 
^ '.^' IS to secure employment as a fireman. 

•lulled I '^ ^^ ■'^"'"^ °"' '"' ^PP''<^'"'°" ^^^"^ 
..y^^'' "'"^ 'division superintendent of motive 

oIT; ^'^ '^" shrewder judges of men than 

c„ '"***■'''' pass upon applicants for places in 

tily ih"""^ "tranches of railroads. This is neces- 

and "*^' '^^'^ ''^"^^ °' hundreds of passen- 

humliT"""* "' '''"'" '^a"''* ="■<= at the mercy of 

"i-n j.'^)' *^"'P'°y«>^ of this service. Most of 

'" L'nn """■ ^^"' ''^''^* without direct supervi- 

" their fidelity, intelligence and e.xpcri- 

^^'•^ly of [he road depends. 

m.-n I 

« the s 


'^ion I 

No stronger 

ne,^ -1^^, "" '"^ given of the care with which be- 
ccn, of.? "■'" "^an the fact that less than ten 
"'siltoh"^ ■""=" who enter the service as fire- 
^ °"0"le engineers. 

Chance of - 
' first ini securing work rests largely upon 

'»e man f/"''°" .""^e by the applicant. If a 
■^lean in person and neat in dress, is 

physically sound, writes a plain hand, shows evi- 
dences of a fair education, and if his references are 
acceptable, he is generally put upon the waiting list. 
There have been times when a young man has had 
to wait for months and even a year after going on 
the waiting list before he has been put to work, but 
owing to the present activity in railroad circles, the 
successful applicant to-day seldom waits longer 
than three months, and oftentimes he is successful 
in obtaining employment within a few weeks. 

Before a fireman becomes an engineer he should 
be thoroughly grounded in the fundamental princi- 
ples of his trade. He should know the engine from 
tender to pilot. He should be able to run the'ma- 
chine in case of an emergency quite as well as the 
engineer himself. Indeed he must be able to do 
this or he would not be fitted for promotion. If 
much depends on the care given by the fireman to 
his work, much more depends on the thoroughness 
of the engineer. A conscientious engineer is in the 
round-house long enough before he starts out, to 
e.\amine thoroughly every detail of his locomotive. 
He inust do this himself and not trust to any one 
else. No detail should be too small to escape his 
attention. It takes me from an hour to an hour and 
a half to do this work every day that I take my en- 
gine out, and never, in the twenty-two years of my 
service, have I delegated it to an assistant. 

Prevention is better than cure many times over. 
A large percentage of railroad accidents results 
from a failure to minutely inspect locomotives be- 
fore the trip has begun. Every minute of the engi- 
neer's time is occupied when he is once on the road. 
He must see that the water in the boiler is at a 
proper height, that he has. sufficient air to apply 
the brakes, that he has steam enough not only to 
run the engine but to keep the cars warm. He 
must watch every grade crossing and sound the 
whistle and he must be constantly on the alert for 
the block signals. On the Hudson River Division 
we have four hundred of these signals and they 
must be rigidly obeyed, foi' disobedience may mean 
disaster. When any part of the equipment fails to 
work repairs must be made with as little detention 
to the ser\ice as possible, and the engineer who 
thoroughly understands his work is the one who 
succeeds in this emergency. To prevent these fail- 
ures, however, he should ever be alert to detect any- 
thing wrong with the machinery the instant it oc- 

The pay is fully as high, if not higher, than that 
paid to other classes of skilled labor. A switch en- 
gineer on the best roads gets about Sioo the month; 
a freight engineer from Si40 to Si 50, and a passen- 
ger engineer from S150 to S175. 

Switch engineers work ten hours the day e\'ery 
day in the week, with one hour for dinner. 

Freight engineers work ten hours the day, the 
week through. 

Local passenger engineers average eight hours 
work the day, with three Sundays ofT each month. 

Through passenger engineers average from four- 
teen to si.xteen hours every other day. Their 
working time includes the lay-off at the end of the 
single trip at the other end of the run. 

There arc other and immediate rewards offered 
to the conscientious and studious engineer than 
promotion in other departments. For instance, the 
railroad company shows particular fa\-or to the best- 
informed engineers, and that in itself is as gratify- 
ing as an increase in pay would be. Suppose a 
superintendent of motive power contemplates mak- 
ing a test of the efficiency of certain kinds of coal, 
special grades of oil, recent inventions in tools or 
new devices in engine construction. He details an 
engineer on whom he can rely to conduct the e.v- 
periment. Upon the result of this engineer's test 
the alteration may be adopted or rejected. When a 
railroad plans a new train service, the run is divided 
between the most reliable engineers on the line, and 
the schedule of time is fi.xed in accordance with the 
time they make on that trial trip. The manage- 
ment trusts its best men, and this confidence is a re- 
muneration to be prized as much as a pecuniary re- 


wrote a book, or what would have been called 3 
book in those days, and his object was to rescue the 
name of the Master from ignominy. In the few 
years that had passed there was much misunder- 
standing, and it was to remove this, and to set mat- 
ters straight that what is known to us as the Gospel 
of Matthew was written. 

He wrote it in all probability in the language of 
his people, which was a form of Hebrew, that used 
by the people of Matthew's time. It is said that 
there was a copy of this gospel in Greek, and that 
Matthew translated it from his original. Be that 
as it may, let us consider how it was done. In all 
probability it was written on a species of papyrus, 
a poor quality of paper made from a plant. The 
pen used was a reed, and the edition limited to one 
original copy. No doubt but that this was copied 
by those who desired an edition of their own. The 
church would want a copy, and possibly others had 
a private co[)y of their own. Owning a book in 
those days meant something. In any event, when 
Matthew had finished his last word the first book of 
the New rest.iment was completed. We are apt to 
look on the earlier Christians as being better 
equipfied for work than we are, while the facts are 
that not one of the churches for hundreds of years 
after the timS of Christ was as well fi.\ed in the 
matter of literature as the poorest church in the 
United States at present. No one had the whole 
Bible as we have it, and it did not exist at all for a 
long time after the crucifi.xion. Reference is had, 
now, to the New Testament of course. 

Other churches would have copies of these books, 
and in time there would be quite a number of them 
scattered around. There were also other books 
written on the subject of Christianity, but they were 
not recognized as authoritative by the churches of 
that day. They were not regarded as canonical. 
The word canon means an established rule of meas- 
urement or authority. A book in those early days 
of the church might be true enough, but for some 
reason satisfactory to the churches was not regard- 
ed as a canon, or, in other words, it was not one of 
the canonical books. Matthew's book was always 
regarded as canonical. There were Christians who 
read Matthew's book, and they knew as much about 
the matter as he did. and their choice was to accept 
Matthew's account as authoritative and final. If some 
bright boy or girl asks how this is known we may an- 
swer in two ways, one that of the internal evidence, 
and the other through the so-called Fathers of the 
church. The Fathers of the early Christian church 
were men who lived somewhat later than the time 
of Christ and who wrote books themselves, histories 
as a rule, and these writers never disputed the gen- 
uineness or the canonical character of the book. It 
was accepted by all as what it purported being. 

When Paul would found a church and went on his 
way to another field of labor he often wrote a let- 
ter back to the church, and this epistle would be 
read and cherished by the members who io\'ed him 
and who were trying to carry out the mission of the 
Master. Thus there was a church ,it Kphesus, and 
Paul's Epistle to the FZphesians is nothing more than 
his letter to the church there, and it is just the same 
as though he had founded a church in Elgin, and 
thereafter wrote a letter of ad\ice and instruction 
called the Kpistle of Paul to Elgin. It is tolerably 
certain that Paul wrote more letters than are pre 
served and which have come down to us. Hut 
nothing is omitted in what we ha\'e. It is also a 
dream of scholars that there may yet turn up a fifth 
Gospel. The four Gospels are Matthew, Mark. 
Luke and John. There maj' be another. Who 
knows? In some Christian home in the buried 
cities of the plains destroyed by the eruption of 
volcanoes there may yet be hidden a fifth Gospel 
awaiting the hand of man to turn it to the light. 

But how did all these books by these different 
people get togethft in the shape in which we find 
therp in the New Testament? Later we will tell 

{/"o Jit Coritlniiitl.) 

In our last article under this caption we told 
something of the conditions that existed at the time 
of our Savior's presence on the earth. We learned 
that Matthew, one of the people who knew Christ, 
and who was one of his most devoted followers, 


than IIJ families of injurious insects 

No fewer 
ve.x farmers. 

The Tartarian alphabet contains 202 letters, be- 
ing the longest in the world. 

The number of languages and dialects spoken in 
the world is 3,064. 


»»» XHE » INGLENOOK » » » 




woman on a seat, the picture of misery, lihip as 
a rag. and on her lap reposed the head of a man 
deathly sick. A sympathetic fellow passenger 
asked her whether her husband was very sick, 
the woman said, " I never saw the man 

We sometimes hear it said that one person is as 
f;ood as another, and while this is true in the ab- 
stract it is susceptible of considerable modification 
in fact. However we may stand before the Search- 
er of all hearts it is a certainty that, in this world, 
there is a vast difference between people. This 
difference is not an artificial one. It really exists. 
There is no place where il is more manifest than in 
the manaRemenl of the passenger business of .in 
ocean steamship. 

In the cabin of an ocean liner is everything that 
money can buy or ingenuity suggest to render 
travel sumptuous and pleasant. The fittings of an 
ocean steamship are reall) much better and more 
expensive tlian those of the first-class hotel on land. 
The whole ship is lighted with electricity, the in- 
genuity of the cabinet maker and the upholsterer 
has been exhausted in providing costly and splen- 
did surroundings, no page is left unturned to make 
the ship a veritable floating palace. Unfurnished a 
ship of the first class will cost about two millions of 
dollars, and the running expenses are about fifteen 
hundred dollars a day. They burn from five hun- 
dred to six hundred tons of coal each day they are 
at sea, and they can carry over twelve hundred pas- 
sengers. The table fare is superior to that of the 
best hotels on land, and the discomfort of the trip 
is reduced to a minimum, being at its best, simply 
the exchange of a first-class hotel on land for a bet- 
ter one on water. Some of the liners have 
libraries, restaurants, room^i for children to play in 
with their nurses, and they are stocked with toys 
and are in charge of a stewardess who does all that 
is possible to render the trip pleasant to the little 
ones. Sometimes a huge pipe organ makes music 
foi the cabin passengers. 

The suites of apartments are furnished in a style 
that commends itself to the most fastidious. The 
social life is without formality, and friendships are 
formed on the shortest notice, continuing through- 
out the voyage, and probably to be as quickly for- 
gotten in the luture. There are not the same ham- 
pering methods and formalities observed at sea that 
there are on land. I'eople are thrown together un- 
avoid.ably close and they make the best of it. 

Down in the steerage is where the emigrant is 
carried and cared for. The steerage is usually be- 
tween decks, and is the place patronised by the 
average emigrant. The reasons are that the ex- 
penses of the trip are not half as great, and for that 
reason the luxuries are not so numerous. In fact 
they are conspicuous by reason of their absence. 
There are several apartments for the single men, 
the single women, and the married couples. These 
are equipped with berths six and one-half feet long 
by two and one-half feet wide, l^ach passenger is 
furnished with a clean straw mattress, and a heavy, 
rough blanket. The mattress is burned in port, and 
the blanket is thoroughly cleansed for the next trip. 
Kach passenger is provided with the necessary ta- 
ble matters, such as a heavy plate, knife, fork, etc., 
and these he is expected to keep clean himself. 
The emigrant gets three meals a day, in all proba- 
bility better in quality and greater in quantity than 
he has ever had before, or is likely to have again 
for a long time after he has left the ship. As a rule 
the emigrant class enjoy themselves in a higher de- 
gree than the cabin passengers do. 

The cabin passengers are either on business, or 
pleasure bound, and they take matters quietly and 
coolly. The steerage people are coming over as a 
life change, and it is a much more serious matter 
with them. But they get the most possible out of 
it, and as there is a considerable degree of musical 
ability always present with these people, especially 
with the Italians and the Germjus, there is consid- 
erable music and dancing. Many a match has been 
fixed up between couples who walked aboard the 
vessel entire strangers, and walked off together at 
the end of the week's voyage engaged to be mar- 
ried. They had a community of interests, an en- 
force companionship on the voyage, and the result 
is but natural. 

Very often seasickness characterizes the voyage, 
very seldom, indeed, failing to get in its work, and 
then there is a sorry lot in the steerage. Nobody 
who has not had the experience knows the deathly, 
don't care feeling, that this ailment induces. A 

" liusbantl 

A sea voyage used to be considered a great thing, 
but it has become' so common now that it is not a 
matter of more interest that a man has been in Eu- 
rope than that he has been to California and'back. 
Take it all around there is really less danger and 
more comfort on a sea voyage than there is on land 
for the same length of time. 


Leslies lVeel:/y of 

hood his days were spent in hard work u- 
ing was done by night, and his thinkino i*'"* 
while his hands were busy. What was tl*^ ^- '*' 
early surroundings that furnished food fn k '" 
bitions? What made him hope and ^tr:.._ , '^ ^"i' 

ope and strive for ,, 
thing better? He hardly knew there was a 
better. What was there in himself or in u* 
roundings that gave a hint of the marveloi '* * 
of the man? ''^' 

Lincoln, as a boy, was always honest 
and loyal to his employer. The very fih„ , 
man, through and through, was sincere. On t 
first things that drew the attention 


Walter Browne, writing 
Oom Paul's wife, says: 

" On occasions when Mrs. Kruger has guests she 
wears her very best Sunday gown. She puts it on 
just before she announces ' Dinner is served.' She 
does this at the last moment, because before that 
she has been adding pinches of salt to the stew and 
last dustings of pepper to the soup. Then one of 
her daughters remains in the kitchen, while the first 
lady of the Transvaal, just as the scorching African 
sun is going to rest, takes a second or two to wash 
off and don her single holiday gown. 

" When she appears in time for dinner her smil- 
ing face is rosy with its recent scrubbing. Over 
her best gown is a clean, large, white apron and she 
looks as prim as need be. 

" For there is a touch of vanity in Tante Kruger. 
She always tidies up a bit for visitors. She is not 
in the least handsome, 'but she has wide open black 
eyes, a frank and kindly face and a wonderfully 
fresh complexion for one of her years. 

" Oom Paul's little household is astir every morn- 
ing at 5 o'clock. It is a little household now, for 
out of the sixteen children which, between washing, 
cleaning and sewing the model housewife, has 
brought into the world, only seven are still living. 
These seven are already married and comfortably 
settled in and around Pretoria, where their father 
and mother live. She has had in the field thirty- 
three grandsons, two of whom have been killed; 
four sons, six sons-in-law and numerous other rela- 

"What serves for the Krugers' official home is a 
little two-story cottage. In the parlor is a nice, 
neat set of black horse-hair furniture, which Tante 
has made do ever since she became Oom Paul's, 
wife. There are two much-cherished and spotlessly 
white marble topped tables which came with it. 
The halls and walls of the little cottage are scrupu- 
lously clean. Once every year, when the hottest 
weather is over, they are whitewashed from top to 


A SMALL boy sat quietly in a seat of the day 
coach on a train running between two of our west- 
ern cities, says an exchange. It was a hot, dusty 
day, very uncomfortable for traveling and that par- 
ticular ride is perhaps the most uninteresting day's 
journey in our whole land. But the little fellow sat 
patiently watching the fields and fences hurrying 
by, until a motherly old lady, leaning forward asked 

" Aren't you tired of the long ride, dear, and the 
dust and the heat? " 

The lad looked up brightly and replied, with a 
smile: " Yes, ma'am, a little. But I don't mind it 
much, because my father is going to meet me when 
I get to the end of it." 

What a beautiful thought it is, that when life 
seems wearisome and monotonous, as it sometimes 
does, we can look forward hopefully and trustingly 
and, like the lonely little lad, " not mind it much," 
because our Father, too, will be waiting to meet us 
at our journey's entl. 

Lincoln as a boy was the fact that he could b ' 
ed. As he grew in years the friends he made ('" ' 
that he could be trusted, and gradually he .. ""' 
vanced to larger and larger responsibilities '° 
lacked polish and the culture of the schools h ii 
simple, direct, always-to-be-relied-on hone'siy l' 
sterling character made him a trusted leader in ii 
most momentous crisis of his country's hisi 

The name cowbird points to its intimate asso- 
tion with our domestic cattle, the birds and tin- 
tie apparently deriving advantages from thea«, 
elation. Coues describes its habits of accomp.m 
ing trains entirely across the western plains, ttom- 
into camp at night with the animals, percliinf aJ 
foraging upon their backs, apparently feeding un»i 
the flies and other vermin which infested ditn 
This habit could hardly be acquired after the i 
duction of our domestic animals. It was evidtn(', 
acquired while wandering herds of buffalo, deer, 
similar animals afforded the only oppoiliiniiyfi,; 
such associations, and established such vajm: 
tramp habits as were incompatible with 
and parental duties. If, like honest birds, thtyu 
dertook to build nests and establish homes, [h.. 
would be carried far away from them, thtir e^,'- 
must be dropped far from their nests, and the inr. 
bation of the eggs and the proper care of tile ynirn: 
rendered impossible. Thus the nesting instinct ,iod 
tramp habits would be in constant antagonist 
birds far from home would occasionally simply df 
posit their eggs in the nests of other birds, anil,!- 
" evil communications corrupt good manners" '^^ 
vicious habits of the tramp would become in fc 
end dominant, and the birds that abandoned alii 
tempt to discharge parental duties would aloneic 

Sitting at our desk Monday afternoon »eo: 
served a black dog with very long, pendant ears .« 
long silky hair start to come across the sireei, 
couple of rods east of our oflSce. When he 1= 
reached a point about one-third the distance aa.> 
he found the mud becoming too soft and deep !■ 
comfortable navigation. He s-topped, looked akv 
a moment at the sea of mud before him, »• 
turned and went back to the sidewalk.. He w 
trotted west till he reached the paved s»«''"'y, 
ly opposite our office, then came .across dn s ■ 
and clean, and trotted back east to his home. ^ 

What different would a man have doner Hi^ 
would ascribe the man's action to reason, 
not give the dog the same credit? j 

Fact is we have met lots of men whose 
were not half as good as a dog's. 


Now, is there an American boy, between Maine 
and California, who has not advantages equal to 
those of Abraham Lincoln? His parents were 
poor, ignorant and obscure. His early home was a 
hovel with a dirt floor and a leaky roof. His com- 
panions were no more favored than he. His schools 
were the crudest known in his time. From boy- 

Besides being the most prominent '"^^ ^j 
country and one of the foremost educators 
day Booker T. Washington is a capital so^)^^ 
One of his yarns concerns a member o ^^^^^^ 
white trash," who endeavored to cross ^^^^ 
means of a ferry owned by a black "" ^^^^ f 
Mose," said the white man, " I "''"'"° ^^jj|,(J 
I hain't got no money." Uncle Mosc sc:^'^^,... 
head. " Doan' you got no "'°"'^-'^,^j„g(r. 
queried. "No," said the wayfaring ^^^^^^^^i- 
haven't a cent." "But it done cost y^^ ^^ j^p- 
cent," insisted Uncle Mose, " ";'' ""J^ji en ' ' 
"I know," said the white man, " ™' ^^ ^j„,il: 
the three cents." Uncle Mose was i • .j.,j 
"Boss," he said, " I done 'o''^.y?".'V,.|l oil'" 
what's got no three cents am jes 
side er de river as on de other. 

■ ez «"•'" 

■ .-inal obi''' 
Whenever money is the pnnci} ^^ ,j, 

with either man or nation it is bo'" 8^ ^^ ^ ^ 

it 3'"' ■ 

II, and does harm both in the gettn'g 

but when it is not the principal 


er things will be well got and well 


»»» XHE » INGLENOOK p » » 

000 The o Cipele ooo 

... n -itover Bulsst. India. President: John R.Snydef. Delle- 

"'^"AainB F't.ldcnl: Oll.o \VenB«t. Norlh Manchejler. Ind 

Lr.,..i( Oliio. ,7 , f D. Kosenbergef. CovinRlon. Ohio. Secretary and 

""fKsiJ'n^jlJVja all communications 10 OuR MissioNABV Reading 

' j,iiigtoti^_^^^^^^^^ 

amono our correspondents. 

S Pkatt. from Outlook, Washington, 

■I have been reading about your Circle, and 

.. ^ I, J nuivement in the right direction. We 

1 , i„ r' it "^""^ "'^" ""^ '^°' ' ™'" ^'^ pleased 
"1' e two young sisters read these books, there- 
' 'Psend their names and membership fee for 

Ib o W. M. Steele, our Secretary at Yellow Creek, 
at work. He sends in six names for the Cir- 

I ';*ster Eda Senger, of Franklin Grove, 111., who is 

~ secretary at that place, says, " I enclose one 

iiiiise card; I ^m sorry that 1 do not have more 

K I'stosend. Our Circle members here are mak- 

jgress in their reading." 

I Sister Lovenia S. .Andes, our Secretary at Lanca.s- 

fcrCity, Pa., writes the following, " I take pleasure 

sirndint' you the promise cards of seven new 

iihers of our Circle. We now number ten mem- 

iers here in Lancaster. The members are taking it 

,vly, but it requires only a little time and 

^tience on my part, as a good work usually re- 

Julres some time and effort. I am sure that all 

rhii t.ike up the IVIissionary Course will not regret 

,11!!,' done so, as the books are so interesting, in- 

IriiLtive and elevating. I hope that every member 

jlllic Circle will make an honest effort to get oth- 

s to join, so that our number may be greatly in- 

Jensfd by the close of this century." 

IWc heartily welcome every one of these new 

iembcrs into the Circle, and we hope that each 

Be will induce another one to join, so that we may 

sdily increase in numbers. 

, Lily B. Shearer Outlook, Yakima Co., Wash. 

6:. Lulu B. Berry Outlook, Yakima Co., Wash. 

, Nellie Steele Yellow Creek, Pa. 

ill, Ella Burkett Yellow Creek, Pa. 

(70, Calvin Steele Yellow Creek, Pa. 

I, W.M. Steele Yellow Creek, Pa. 

:.Ocy Steele Yellow Creek. Fa. 

|J3. .1. K. Burkett Yellow Creek, Pa. 

|74. Mary L. George Ashton, III. 

„ .Annie Felker West Lemon St., Lancaster, Pa. 

i, Fairaie Evans 419 North Queen St., Lancaster, Pa. 

', Minnie Shaffner Lancaster, Pa. 

!. S.iilie K. Iniler Lancaster, Pa. 

|7o, L.H.Imler Lancaster, Pa. 

■ I '•''■ -^ly" Lancaster, Pa. 

■ '^■'"■SM- Myer Lancaster, Pa. 


|ii«t sa 

jSoMt one has called this " the darkest island in 

■ wodd." There is only a narrow fringe of mis- 
1 st.itions along the coast, so the natives are 

F»"is. And James Chalmers says, "They are 
pR us that we have to take civilization first, and 
f" '-"fistKinity. I have been twenty-eight years 
; the natives, nine of them spent among the 
1 savages of the South Pacific, and I have 
pet yet seen civilization civilize a man." 
grains of gold were found in the saml of all the 
f"5of New Guinea, as well as 

" Where Afric's sunny fountahis 
Hull down their golilen sand." 
I ^^ 'indscapes, abounding in lu.\uriant vegeta- 
'. '"^/"'"'"ed with the feathery fronds of the 
■etc r ""' "''"'^ of green mangrove forests. 
L ^^"''. <="'intless numbers of parrots, cocka- 
Icfo !i "■"' °' P^^dise and pigeons, all remark- 
|„ ,^ "1^"' gO'geous plumage. 
T'^hc™^'^' "'°'"^'' t'^^^i the initiative, and 
L. ^'*'^"d'^ 'ot the man and a " love tnarriage " 
■ 1^0 trouble is given to the authorities. 
(""'oulVl™ '' ^ P^^'lege to do hard work. 
Ibloider 1^ "''^ scorn upon one who would 
They all", °''>'' °'' "lake some delicate lace. 

■ theyio '^ '" ""^ deathlcssness of the soul 
P"R"Th"^""^ "'"''y °f "i'= resurrection, often 
■ "'^i indeed, is what we need." 

l!"'«moval ni 

l""lul ocur '^ 'cataract from the eye requires 

[*s ihe |,|'*'' '^'"' '^ * delicate operation that re- 
"nall "^^' ^'*'°"' ^"^^ he who would re- 
"'thathT'"^'"^ '™'" ""^ '^*'""' °' *"'"''*'■ "'"^' 
'"'llres I """^'^ ^^^ perfect vision, or great 

Sim. Sunday m School Sim. 


The may rest in perfect assurance, and 
on evidence of the highest and most incontestable 
character, that the books of the Bible, which claim 
to be the inspired revelation of God to man, are the 
genuine writings of the men whose names they 
beai-. No ancient writings have one-quarter of the 
proof which the manuscripts of the Holy Scriptures 
can claim. The writings, for instance, of Herodo- 
tus have been found in less than twenty manuscript 
copies in various ancient libraries, evidently about 
eight hundred years old; and yet scholars accept 
without question their genuineness. But we find no 
less than six hundred manuscript copies of the 
Greek New Testament, some of them more than 
sixteen hundred years.okl; and more than twice as 
inany of the Hebrew Scriptures— nearly two thou- 
sand in all— and these not eight hundred years old. 
These have not been found in one place, or under 
circumstances which could render it possible for 
them to have been designedly copied from each 
other, but some of them are from the Vatican, some 
from Alexandria, some from iMount Sinai, some 
from Syria. Some of these were written in the 
tenth century, some in the ninth, some in the 
eighth, some as early as the third and fourth, and 
some of the Hebrew copies are evidently older 
than the Christian era. 

All these manuscripts substantially agree, al- 
though they have never met before, and it is mani- 
fest that they must have been copied from a still 
more ancient volume. We find also numerous edi- 
tions of the same old volume in various languages. 
From Russia comes a Sla\'onic version 1,000 years 
old. From Egypt comes a Coptic version 1,200 
years old. From Ethiopia conies an Ethiopic ver- 
sion 1,300 years old. From Persia comes an Ar- 
menian version over 1,000 years old. From Italy 
comes the Latin or Vulgate version, 1,400 years old. 
From Africa comes the Hexapla of Origen, 1,500 
years old. From Syria comes the Peshito, or Syri- 
ac version, 1,800 years old. F'rom Rabbinical libra- 
ries there came the Targums, or of the 
Bible, still older. From Alexandria comes the old 
Septuagint or Greek version of the Old Testament, 
285 years older than the Christian era. 

All these manuscripts substantially agree. The 
first volume contains the same thirty-nine books 
written by the same twenty-nine authors, whose 
li\es covered a period of 1,000 years. The second 
volume contains the same twenty-seven books, writ- 
ten by the same ten men. The variations between 
the different copies are so slight as not to affect any 
essential fact or doctrine. Where in all literature is 
there a parallel to such a volume? Who can doubt 
that these ancient writings are what they claim to 
be, the veritable writings of Moses and Uavid, 
Isaiah and Ezra, Paul and John, Matthew aiul Pe- 

Gol) does the best for us even while we sleep; 
and we should not be impatient if results are not 
obtained as soon as we would like, but knowing 
that God will gi\e the increase we must 
" Learn to labor and to wait." 

For * the * Wee * polk 

The seed will not grow if it is kept in the pjran- 
ary, neither will the Word of God s^row and multi- 
ply if it is kept out of the heart; but if planted in the 
heart it will, all unseen and silently, grow and bring 
forth fruit. 

Leakn the wisdom and the duty of sowing the 

seed, and faithfully looking after the field in which 

it is planted, that nothing occur to check its 

growth, and of patiently waiting for the full fruit of 

your labor. 

-' ■■» » 

Parhon is ready, peace is ready, comfort is ready, 

the church is ready, angels are ready, hving water 

is ready, bread of life is ready, hea\en is ready for 

all who will accept the gracious invitation. 


Mv mother, she's so good lo me. 
K( I was good as I could be, 
1 couldn't be as good. No, sir; 
Can't any boy be good ;is her! 

She loves me when I'm glad or mad. 
She loves me when I'm good or bad. 
An', what's the funniest thing, she says 
She loves me when she punishes. 

I don't like her to punish me. 
That don't hurr, but ii hurls to bee 
Her cry. Nen I cry. an' nen 
We both cry— an' be good again. 

She loves me when she cuts and sews 
My little coat and Sunday clothes. 
An' when my pa comes home to tea 
She loves him most as much as me. 

She laughs an' tells him nil I said. 
An" grabs me up an' pats my head. 
An' I hug her an" hug my pa 
An' love him purt' nigh much as ma. 


" When you see a man with a great deal of relig- 
ion displayed in his shop window, you may depend 
upon it that he keeps a small stock of it within."— 

Men are not only invited but urged to come to 
Christ; for the Gospel presents great blessings and 
uses strong persuasi\'es lo induce an acceptance. 

He was born over a score of years ago, away up 
in the wildest part of the wild West, on the head of 
the Little Piney, above where the Palette Ranch is 

His mother was just an ordinary Silver-tip, loving 
fhe quiet life that all bears prefer, minding her own 
business and doing her duty by her family, asking 
no favors of any one. excepting to let her alone. 

It was July before she took her remarkable family 
down the Little Pincy to the Graybul!, and showed 
them what strawberries were, and where to find 

Notwithstanding their Mother's deep conviction, 
the cubs were. not remarkably big or bright; yet 
they were a remarkable family, for there were four 
of them, and it is not often a Gri/.zly Mother can 
boast of more than two. 

The woolly-coated little creatures were having a 
fine time, and reveled in the Io\ely mountain sum- 
mer and the abundance of good things. Their 
Mother turned over each log and fiat stone they 
came to, and the moment it was lifted they all 
rushed under it like a lot of little pigs to lick up 
the ants and grubs there hidden. 

It never once occurred to them that Mammy's 
strength might fail sometime, and let the great rock 
drop just as they got under it; nor would any one 
have thought so that might have chanced to see 
that huge arm and that shoulder sliding about un- 
der the great yellow robe she wore. No. no; that arm 
could never fail. The little ones were quite right. 
So they hustled and tumbled one another at each 
fresh log in their haste to be first, and squealed lit- 
tle squeals, and growled little growls, as if each was 
a pig, a pup, and a kitten all rolled into one. 

Thcj- were well acquainted with the common lit- 
tle brown ants that harbor under logs in the up- 
lands, but now they came for the first time on one 
of the hills of the great, fat. luscious Wood-ant, and 
they all crowded around to lick up those that ran 
out. But they soon found that they were licking 
up more cactus-prickles and sand than ants, till 
their Mother saitl in Griz/ly. " Let me show you 

She knocked off the top i>f the hill, then laid her 
great paw flat on it for a few moments, and as the 
angry ants swarmed on to it she licked them up 
with one lick, and got a good rich mouthful to 
crunch, without a grain of sand or a cacttis-stinger 
in it. The cubs soon learned. Kach put up both 
his little brown paws, so that there was a ring of 
paws all around the ant hill, and there they sat, like 
children placing "hands," and each licked first the 
right and then the left paw, or one cuffed his broth- 
er's ear for licking a paw that was not his own, till 
the ant hill was cleared out and they were ready 

for a change. 

. ■ ♦ ■ 


OuK Father who art in hea\cn, help us to remem- 
ber that thoti seest us at all times, and that even our 
thoughts are known to thee. Grant, therefore, that 
we may always strive to please thee, and to be thy 
faithful servants at all times. For Jesus' sake. 


»!«» THE » INGLENOOK » » » 



T)iE;bulk of the toy balloons seen in this country 
are imported. Americans have proved successful 
manufacturers of India rubber tires and belts, of 
blankets, druggist's goods and the more important 
articles of the trade, and yet all efforts to make the 
toy balloon profitably have failed. The records of 
the capital ,ind business amiiition that from time to 
time has been enlisted in the crusade are numerous, 
but to-day only individual makers working on a 
small scale are to be found, and one factory is just 
getting on its feet and supplying a limited quanti- 


" It's ticklish business making these balloons, a 
risk both to the health and the pocket," said the 
head of a com|)any that makes the greater portion of 
the rubber dolls, balls, baby rattles and durable play- 
things scattered broadcast over the country. 

"The exlreme thinness and flexibility of the bal- 
loon is the trouble. To get the sheet rubber into 
that condition and yet preserve its strength re- 
quires skill unlike that in any other branch of the 
rubber industry unless it be the coating of water- 
proof cloths. The fumes and resolvents used in the 
process are injurious to the workmen. Then the 
dyes, the brilliant purples, yellows and greens have 
to be applied, and to persons of certain constitution 
work at the trade is .suicide. Kven the superintend- 
ents who do not come in constant or immediate 
contact «ith the rubber have been known to fail in 
•health. And chemists are now occupied with ex- 
jieriments in their private laboratories, looking ta 
the possible simplifying of the process or the ren- 
dering it less unwholesome. 

"The charm of the balloons is their transparency, 
and unless they are as delicate as a bubble, they 
will not catch and hold the light or be buoyant. 
The squawkers and funn)- faced toys made to blow 
up and sing are constructed like the balloon, but 
made of thicker texture. All are troublesome to 
make, and for awhile yet their manufacture will be 
confined to those countries where labor is cheap." 

"There's money in toy balloons, but I wouldn't 
touch them if somebody gave me a factory-," said a 
dealer in leeches and essences, who imports the bal- 
loons as a side issue. " These from Paris are the 
best made. The factories are well beyond the bar- 
riers of the city, and every solitary man and boy in 
the rubber rooms has to show a doctor's certificate 
at stated intervals testifying that he is sound in 
health from head to toe. Kven a defective tooth 
would endanger his safety, and yet those fellows 
work for much less pay than skilled labor of the 
same sort would ccnnmand here. 

"There is a regular colony of India rubber work- 
ers. The knowledge of the trade is handed down 
from father to son, or from uncle to nephew; the 
mere mechanical work after it is cut and shaped is 
taken home piecemeal to be done by the wives and 
children. Little tots seven and eight years old fas- 
ten in the wooden mouthpieces and tie in the han- 
dles to the balloons, and the shaping, whittling, and 
painting of these wooden handles is also a home in- 
dustry. There .ire no laws preventing the little 
folks working in France, as in this country, besides 
the wovk is done at home under the mother's super- 
vision. The work of an entire family will not 
amount in wages to more than three or four francs 
a da)', but the peasant workers do not look for 
large gains. They are not as restlessly ambitious 
as the Americans, and as long as they can have 
their simple wants supplied for that money they are 
content. The workmen in the rublier rooms are fa- 
miliar with the risk the>- run. They take care and 
use precautions against inoculation. When a com- 
rade sickens and dies they take it as a matter of 
course, and they are in themselves a stolid example 
of the survix'al of the fittest. 

that if he was ever called on he could tell 

"Uncle John, I would like to ask you a ijuestion." 

"All right. Bobbie," said the good-natured Un- 
cle John, "go ahead." 

" I wish you would tell me how the lirethrcn 
church is organized." 

"Why, that is a pretty big que-stion, or rather it 
will take a pretty big answer, but I'll try. What is 
it you want to know about it? " 

" Why. just what I said. How is our church or- 
ganized:- What are its lorms of government? " 

"Well, in the first place there is the local church. 
You know what I mean?" 

Hob said that he did, and had in mind the local 
church at home. 

" Now suppose that there was a church in KIgin, 
where the Inglenook comes from, and that when 
they were all together, once or twice a year, they 
numbered, say two hundred and fifty. But about a 
hundred of them lived at a town ten miles 
away and in course of time that side church had 
built a house and had a local elder, and the 
usual equipment of deacons, etc., and on consulta- 
tion with the Elgin church decided to set up in 
business, so to speak, for itself, on account of not 

having to go so far to the love feast and the genera 

councils. If it was satisfactory it could be declared 
a separate organization. This would leave two 
churches where there had been only one before. 
Each might have several little side places of meet- 
in", and these little places would be under the watch 
care of the nearest church where they had an elder. 
There now, you have two churches." 

" I see, " said Bob, " then the organized church 
with an elder in charge, is the unit of general or- 
ganization, is it? " 

" Yes, that's right. Now then it is advisable for a 
number of the churches nearest to each other to 
form what is called a District. Questions come up 
sometimes in the individual churches about which 
they may want some advice, and then when the 
District' Meeting takes place, which is once a year, 
the questions, queries they are called, come up there 
for discussion. These Districts are arranged with 
reference to the geographical distribution of the 
churches composing them. Do you understand?" 
" Yes, I do," said Bob, " there is a lot of churches 
combine in order to help each other in the deci- 
sion of matters affecting the faith or the workings 
of the body at large." 

"That's right, and this second division is called 
a St«te District, and when they meet it is called a 
District Meeting. The time of that meeting is set, 
and before it the local churches of the District 
hold their councils and elect delegates, two of 
them if they want to, and these delegates take up 
the queries to their State District Meeting. Some- 
times there isn't any and that is the better way." 
"Why? "asked Rob. 

" Because it shows that they are getting along all 
right and have no differences to settle. If there is 
a query it is talked over at the District Meeting, and 
decided there or sent back, if it is not of general in- 

" But what do they do if they can't settle it at the 
District Meeting? " 

"Well, once a year there is a Big Meeting, as it 
used to be called, or the Annual Meeting or Gener- 
al Conference, and there are delegates sent up to 
this from the churches at large and from all the 
District Meetings, and what the District Meetings 
want the minds of the others about conies up at the 
Annual Meeting and is there decided one way or 
the other. And that settles it, as a rule. ,^s a gen- 
eral thing a whole lot of people go to the Annual 
Meeting, though really but a comparative few take 


Uncle John was going to town in the big wagon, 
and Bob was going along. Now Bob was a good 
boy and he liked to be around with his Uncle John, 
who never failed to talk to him about things he 
wanted to know, and he did it in such a clear way 
that he always made himself understood. Now it 
so happened that not long before a man had asked 
Bob how the Brethren church was organized, and he 
didn't know what to tell him. So he made up his 
mind that, after they got started, he would ask, so 

actual part in it. All are interested f 
done there affects eiery member." ' *'''■ 

"Then the church's organization is r 
cal church, then the combination of th ' 
them into State Districts, and the Gene u-'"' 
ence of the whole body. But it seems ( ' 

there is a better way—" "''•' ' 

"See here, Bobbie. How old are you? 

" Why, I am just past sixteen. WK, , 
ask?" ^ ''" : 

" Oh nothiiig, only that before you 
cussing a better plan of church govermiit'" 
should have a beard. Suppose that you t"' 
Jericho awhile before you gi\-e advice. Se-5"^^ 

Bob didn't understand the last question 
didn't ask any further questions. He had l" 
all he started out to know,— how the U 1"' 
church is organized, and he is ready for th- 
stranger that asks him. But he is puzzled abou," 
Jericho reference. 

Advertising Column. 

The Inglenook readies lai 
mainly agricultural, and nearly 

1 well-to-do. ItatfotiJsanu; 

<l reachiug a cash purchasing constituency. Advertisemcnii \h» "'** 
proved by the management will be inserted althe unilorni rilieo|/'"'' with the order, and no discount whatever (or continued mJr "^ 
Ji.oo per inch, first aud each succeeding time, Thk Inglenook isittT 
organ of the church carrying advertisenienis 

Annual Meeting 

North Manchester, Ind. 

Missouri Pacific Railway 
Iron Mountain Route 





From points in Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiani, a' 
main line points, Kansas City and Omaha, bolli incks'i 
Tickets will be on sale May 28th to 30th, inclusive. 

From points in Kansas, Nebraska and Indian Ternlcr 
tickets will be on sale May 28th and 2gth. 

You will find this the best equipped .ind quickest !»■ 
dining Chair Cars (seals free) and Pullman BoBel SW 
Cars on all trains. A representative of the Misso"" " 
Railway will be in attendance at the meeting, ""''", 
pleasure in furnishing any information ilesired m rep- 
this System. ^ ^^ tOWNSE>T. 

General Passenger and Ticket M" | 
St. Louis, Ho. 


We have moved from Ml. Morns, III., 1" £'«'"■ 
now selling Cap Goods exclusively. ■^■ 

We are sending goods by mail to nearly <^''"^' ■ n 
Union. Our motto is " Best Goods at Lowest r 
for samples free to n P AR^"''^' 

R. E. 


From the Mill to the Wearer ! Wholesale Pri*^^^ 



,,id n«l^' 

■ the 11^ 

Nowhere else.." 


'c have years of experience in making Brethren Cloth.n.,. Know '|'^'|^^ ,„ nr*' 
want. We make the cloth expressly for your uje, and from it cut to measuie a ' "" 
your clothing. VVc deal direct with you, and do not sell to storekeepers. Nowhei't 
can you get this opportunity. Send for samples and wholesale prices. Satisfaction 

Hamilton Woolen Mills Co., ^ 

221-223 Market Street. CHlCA^"' 


The seasons come, the seasons go, 

The crocus dies, the roses blow; 

The quiet, sunny summer noon 

To winter's cold shall change full soon. 

Say not "Alas! " 

For all things pass. 

This day thy feet may firmly tread 
Where they who loved thee once lie dead; 
The child who clings to thy strong hand 
To-morrow in thy place shall stand. 

Say not " Alas! " 

For thou must pass. 

But when the phantom. Death, draws near, 
Breathe thou no sigh and shed no tear; 
Look upward with unfailing trust 
To him who knoweth thou art dust. 

Say not " .\las! " 

For Death shall pass. 


When the Inglenook man was youn^'er, away 
ck, he taught school. There was nothing out of 
c ordinary in that. Lots of people still teach 

lool. But we had spelling schools in those days, 
dthey have about gone out of date. And what 

did and how we did it is pretty nearly a lost art. 
lule it was on Thursday nights that we had our 
lings. Now many of our older people know all 
out them, but some of the younger ones know 
Ihing about the old-time spelling school. So we 
II hunt around in the lumber room of our memory 

I "11 up some of the good old days, or rather the 

Ms, lor nobody ever heard of a spelling being 

in daytime. Of course it could be held in day- 
it. but it wouldn't be orthodo.\. 

te schoolhouse stood on the edge of an inter- 
"able woods. The nearest house was a good dis- 
« away, and if the night was clear and the moon 
'■"B. and the roads not too bad, there was a 
I*"- "there was good sleighing there would be 
^^ 1 he house had been swept, and the '■ candle- 
ich '^T ^ '°' °^ '^'°<:'<s of wood in the center of 
a tal ow dip was set in an auger hole. It was 

1 m """ ^^"^ ^''""'^ be any very brilliant 
ded r,,i' r ™' °" ^"'' '■°'^' °' '■^"'<=''' ^"l' desk, 
d the t 1 ^^''"' ^^^''" the crowd had all gath- 
^eahn r V" ^""O"'":"! that the performances 

»ii cur I ' "^ *^' ^ ''•="'*'''■ >'°""'' "'"' 

'lack ^ T' "'"^ ^ '"^'^ °' ^ mustache that was 
f's hair'/ ,'"°"' "^y" ""''^ "''^^^ '*■■ Christa- 
icessitv ,t' """'' '' "''' '^^l'^'"- " "'=>s P"tly 
have h """"^^ "lat love of a mustache could 
1^^ been seen at all, at least not after dark, 
kand a„7^,t "'' °''' ^"'^'^'^ States Speller in 
"I'nieron " ' '"'°'""^ °'''^='' "'"' several open 
"i: was . '"'.'"^ ""■'-'''"*' °f *'i^' """'d happen 
>Ptai„s. d'^°'der, two persons were named 

1. and°i'°°V"'''' ■''"""'^ '" ""= ^°'""^ of the 

■ another" °^'"S began. Turn about, one 
■'' "";>• wouTh *°^"''' ^"d as the name was 
Wns. 1-1,^. ° S° ottt and stand up beside the 
"^ in mv^ T °"^ "'''">'' ''''°="= ">e best spell- 

0. He wa's, "''" "'"' ^ """• "■■'""='' L"'' 
">»ut thin ^ , ^' 8a"sl'"R. peak-nosed man 
''«"sistedi ','u ''''°"' ''" "'egood he was on 

1 '" ""= oi-dinar '"" """ '"' """^'^ ^P"" "'"y 

■ *osei, Th^"^^ speller. Lew was always first 

' *= row ar ?""' """ °"''"'' '"" »' '^e last, 

**■ ""= poorer"" "'^ ™°'" "'as nearly com- 

'^- '• was no, *"'' ""'='' °'"' Nobody ever 

' '^'"■■". after T"''^"^'^ '" e°°d '°™ t° de- 
an were out, the teacher took 

the book, and at it we went. The rule was to give 
out a word on one side, and then turn to the other 
Side. Whoever missed sat down and the rest of the 
class edged up and filled the vacancy. At first, for 
about the first round, the simplest words were pro- 
nounced,-baker. maker, taker, etc. Then longer 
ones were given out, and then harder ones. In the 
back of that old speller was a string of really hard 
words, and when we got into that people held their 
breath and Lew Rankin shone out in his glory. 
Nine times out of ten he was the last one on his 
feet and his side won, of course, and it would likely 
have been the case that he would have been the 
master speller of the countryside, had not the " pro- 
fessor " once played a trick on him. A new speller 
had come into the teacher's possession, and it was 
one entirely new, one that not even Lew Rankin 
had ever heard of. In the back part of the book 
was a list of words that were out of the ordinary. 
Now in order to fully understand the duplicity and 
wickedness of the teacher it should be remembered 
that there was a girl, we will call her Katie, who was 
not a very good speller, but she liked the teacher, 
and hesitated not to show it, either. And the teacher 
liked Katie. Well, on one of the moonlit trips over 
the hill to see Katie the new speller was produced, 
and with two heads pretty close together a review 
of the hard words was made. It was said by Katie 
that she didn't believe that even Lew Rankin could 
spell a certain one. Then it was all set up by the 
conspirators. The very next night was Thursday's 
spelling school, and it was so arranged that at the 
last, after nearly all the rest had been spelled down 
that word was to be sprung on Lew and it was also 
so fi.\ed that Katie would get it. 

" Sil-hoo-et," the teacher announced to Rankin. 
"Wot?" said he. "Sil-hoo-et." "What wuz it?" 
" Sil-hoo-et, a profile portrait in black." As ex- 
pected Lew had never heard of the word. The 
crowd held its breath, the house was perfectly quiet, 
and Lew was distinctly disturbed. Katie, opposite, 
was blinking first at Lew, then at the teacher, stand- 
ing on one foot, then on the other, flushed and ex- 
pectant. Lew began Sill-hoo — "Next" shouted 
the teacher, and Katie rung out at the top of her 
voice "Silhouette." Rankin slumped down in the 
nearest seat, with a distinctly bellicose shake of his 
head, and recess was announced. At recess there 
was a good deal of confusion. Then it was settled 
about going home with each other, and after a good 
long intermission the whole routine was gone over 
again, and about half past nine we dismissed, put 
out the lights, and for a quarter of an hour one could 
hear the calls over the hills, as the crowd wended 
homeward. It was a healthy, primitive lot, with no 
bad thoughts and no evil hearts or deeds. But 
Katie had to tell her big brother about the case, and 
he blabbed it to his girl, who published it in the 
neighborhood, and Lew Rankin expressed his inten- 
tion of disfiguring somebody when he had a good 
chance. But it never came. He went to war and 
was killed, and Katie married a butcher, and died, 
and oh, for a repetition of the old times when all 
the skies were blue and all fields green. 

others in quick succession. So when he read that a 
man was run down in the vicinity of Chicago he told 
the office people that in a short time two others 
would meet a similar fate. Pressed to locate the 
mishaps, all he could say was that it would be some- 
where near the first happening. 

"You see, it is thi? way," he said, and he went on 
to explain, "There is some unknown law that gov- 
erns these things, and it is especially applicable to 

" Then it does not happen in the case of good 
luck?" the junior accountant asked. " Not so apt 
to. It always is repeated three times in the case of 
a serious mishap. It usually comes so soon after- 
wards as to cause remark about the apparent co- 
incidence. It is not accidental, however; it is the 
result of a positive and fixed law." 

"Then," continued the assistant, " you are sure 
that there will be two other people run down and 
killed in a few days?" 

"That's just it," said Griggs, "you can depend 
on it." 

The next morning Griggs read in the daily that 
came to the office of a man being killed on the track 
again, and he called the attention of his audience to 
it. He took it as a matter of course, and he assert- 
ed that he was as sure as he lived that another day 
or two would complete the trio. The very next day 
he was compelled by stress of business to leave for 
Chicago. He enjoined the office people to save the 
several issues of the daily that came to the factory. 
He wanted to verify to his companions the truth of 
his theory. 

" The trouble the old man will be in if there is not 
somebody killed pretty soon is a dreadful thing. 
He will not know what to do with his 'law' if it 
has Its exceptions, a thing he does not allow." 

" Well," said the other, " in case it does happen it 
will not prove anything e.xcept that Griggs is a suc- 
cessful bluffer." 

Griggs was to have returned the next day, but be- 
ing delayed, telegraphed that he would not return 
till the day thereafter. " He is waiting for his third 
dead man," said the office boy, who had been an 
interested listener to what had been said by the men 
on the law of accidents. The next morning the 
damp daily was thrown in at the office door, and 
after reading it carelessly for five minutes the office 
was startled by an exclamation, " Listen, all of you," 
he said: 

" Englewood. — Yesterday early in the evening the 
neighborhood of the C. C. & O. Ry. crossing was 
shocked to learn of the instant killing of a man by 
the lightning express. No details have been re- 
cei\-ed, other than that the body of the unfortunate 
was horribly mangled, and from papers in his posses- 
sion it was learned that his name was Chas. H. 

So it was settled that the law held, in that instance, 
at least. 


Griggs was the head bookkeeper at the factory. 
Under him were half a dozen assistants, and they 
naturally came to know him pretty well. He was a 
very positive man, and a good deal of a pessimist. 
One of his notions was that when a certain disaster 
took place it was followed in a short time by two 

A MAN saw for the first time a schoolgirl go 
through her gymnastic exercises for the amusement 
of the little ones at home. After gazing at her with 
looks of interest and compassion for some time, he 
asked a boy if she had fits. "No," replied the boy, 
"them's gymnastics." "Ah, how sad!" said the 
man. " How long's she had 'em? " 

" Ma," said a newspaper man's son, " I know why 
editors call themselves ' we.' " "Why?" " So's the 
man that doesn't like the article will think there are 
too many people for him to tackle." 

.» THE » INGLENOOK » • » 

sif Coppcspondenec M 


Out in the north Atlantic, around a monster ice 
floe like a great circuiai lahle, fifteen Newfound- 
land sealing steamers have been the last fortnight 
or more enjoying a pfory feast like nothing else m 
this world. Their crews have been engaged m a 
hunt which shows up to date a total of 286.000 seals 
as their combined "bag." It is really a battue, a 
slaughter, rather than a hunt, and this analysis of it 
is confirmed by a glance at the 5,000 men who take 
part in it when they return to port after the round- 
up of the game is completed. 

The seal fishery is not nearly so well known as 
that of liering Sea, chiefly because it is left to the 
undisputed control of the Newfoundlanders, and 
there is therefore no international side to it and no 
disputes, arbitration tribunals and warships as 
guards. The Bering Sea seal is valued for its fur 
and is killed in rookeries along the shore. The 
Labrador seal is hunted for its skin and fat on the 
ice floes which pass along this coast in spring. 
This seal lives about the Grand Banks in January 
and moves north then to meet the ice, on which it 
breeds. About March 1 the female brings forth her 
young; never more than one " pup." Being covered 
with hair, they are called "white coats." Their 
skin, prepared and stuffed, forms an attractive orna- 
ment in almost every Newfoundland house. The 
mothers fish to feed them, and each returns to its 
own pup, though there may be hundreds of thou- 
sands of young seals on the same ice. The white 
fur turns brown after about a month, when the 
young seals take to the water. It is only by repeat- 
ed efforts they learn to swim. 

They are in their prime about March 15. They 
increase in weight by about six pounds every day. 
Then they are near the northern part of this island, 
and on March 10 our sealers start to hunt them. 
The fishery is carried on by a fleet of twenty steam- 
ers, fifteen of which grapple with the northern floes 
and the herds thereon, while the remaining five pur- 
sue a minor herd which enters the Gulf of St. Law- 
rence by the Straits of Belle Isle, the general con- 
duct of the industry being the same in both cases. 
The ships are stanch, built expressly for the work, 
their sides being planked with greenheart or iron- 
wood and their bows well protected with heavy iron 
bands. No ships afloat encounter such dangers, 
and the manner in which these have withstood the 
stress of storm and floe is best testified to by the 
fact that the Thetis, Bear, Proteus, Neptune, Falcon, 
Kite, Hope and Diana have in their turn conveyed 
Greely and Peary to and from the arctic regions 
with the American expeditions which these explor- 
ers led. 

The fishery is most exciting. Its perils are many, 
but its prizes are great. Success for the men means 
many dollars; for the shippers, social prominence 
and a small fortune; for the owners, a rich harvest. 
The demand lor berths is very great. It is not un- 
usual for men to walk 30 or 100 miles looking for 
one. Consequently the captains can choose the 
best, and no man in the world ever had a finer, more 
stalwart body of men than the 5,000 seal hunters 
who start from this port every spring. 

The food, too, is none of the daintiest. Hard- 
tack, pork, butter and tea are the staples, with occa- 
sionally " duff," a mixture of flour, water and pork 
tat. Usually the older and more experienced men 
provide themselves with delicacies, such as coffee, 
higher-grade tea, sugar, etc. If the ship gets 
among the seals the men cook the hearts, kidneys, 
flippers, and fare sumptuously. When trSveling-l 
about the ice they frequently fall through holes and 
get wet. They take off and wring the dripping 
garments, then don them again and trust to the nat- 
ural heat of the body to dry them. 

Before leaving for the fishery each captain 
watches the weather, for his is a difficult task. He 
has a wide ocean before him, with an immense body 
of seals somewhere on it, and an error of judgment 
may cause him to miss them, or he may run into a 
floe and a cold "snap" coming on be frozen up for 
the whole season. If he is fortunate enough to 
strike the "patch," as the body of seals- is called, 
he is well repaid. The intensest excitement pre- 
vails on board at such a time. The men are divided 
into watches, and the ship, being forced as near the 
seals as possible, the men clamber on to the ice. 

Each carries a long rope and a staff or club called a 
"bat." This is used to kill the seal, a blow on the 
nose giving it the quietus. As soon as he kills the 
seal the hunter " sculps " it. The seal is turned on 
its back, a cut is made from head to tail and the 
carcass is separated from the fatty mass with a few 
more cuts and discarded. The skin and fat, termed 
the " pelt," weigh about fifty pounds. 

The hunter then cuts two or three holes in the 
pelt and "reeves "his hauling rope through them. 
Then he kills four or five more seals, treats them the 
same way, till the whole resemble an overgrown 
sausage, and then starts to drag the mass over the 
ice to the steamer. If the ice is open he jumps 
from one piece to another, and when a channel is 
too broad he pushes his " tow " into the water, and, 
using it to step on, skips across. The men are very 
expert in this, but to avoid risks they usually go in 
pairs. If the ice be sufficiently open for the ship 
to steam through the " pelts " are heaped together, 
one of the ship's flags is stuck on top and the vessel 
steams along and takes them aboard. 

Two or three days suffice to kill enough seals to 
load a steamer. The ice fields are now covered 
with crimson patches, gory carcasses are every- 
where, grimy, blood-covered men are dragging their 
" tows " alongside, coal is being thrown overboard, 
for each steamer is filled with coal, so that if she 
fails to strike the " patch " she may be able to 
cruise about; and seal fat being more valuable than 
coal, the latter is got rid of. Pelts are hauled 
aboard and thrown into the pounds in the hold, the 
bustle and excitement are intense and all are work- 
ing their best to fill the ship and get home as soon 
as possible. And filled she is, even the decks being 
covered with pelts to the height of the bulwarks, 
and then the flags are hoisted, hearty cheers are 
given and the vessel sails for home, so deeply laden 
that it seems wonderful it can ever reach land. In 
port the skins are salted and exported to England, 
where they are used for boots, shoes and gloves. 
The fat is converted into oil, which is also sent to 
England, where it is used in lighthouses, as a lubri- 
cant and for soaps. 

The father was intoning his Te Deus 
with the long-drawn accent on his. Do, dn j 
si la si do. De Souza, " the priest," \i^\\ " 
the altar, among the long candles, crosses 
fixtures, having entered by the side door {' 

walked ,C, 
When the opportunity came, he faced th '' " 


and as if responding to the Ti- Deiim. sain 
will— you— have, for— breakfast? " with li, 
drawn accent on " break." ^ H 

It was as if a part of the performance Tk 
dience thought it was Latin and did not ' 
understand it. The father appreciated the 1 
and in like manner responded at once " yf" 
stew, curry— and — rice, and— boil— the-^resi" 
especially long-drawn accent on "boil." n' * 
la. The cook crossed himself and made o « 
tions which he had become familiar with k 
■ stood on hisl- 
Then he disappeared 


seen it done so often while he stood on his U 

the congregation 
the side door. 

Breakfast was on time, and all the priest, 
happy. But next Sunday many of the 
asked, "Where is that cleve 



The following are folklore stories told in India. 
The first is by Wilbur Stover, of Bulsar, India, and 
the other is contributed to Inglenook by a native, 
Balubhia J. Pandya, of the same place. They are 
interesting because they show the turn of the Indian 
mind for stories. 


There are not a few Portuguese in India, descend- 
ants of those who settled here about two hundred 
years ago. Some of them speak English quite well, 
and others speak quite brokenly. They have Eu- 
ropean customs, are usually very dark complex- 
ioned, and are practically all Roman Catholics. 

Many of these Portuguese are cooks by profes- 
sion. It was in a Catholic parsonage near by a 
Catholic church that the head priest, or " father," 
had given the order to his cook to kill a pig for 
breakfast, and then had gone to conduct the early 
morning mass. After a while the cook came in to 
inquire how the "father" would have the pig 
served. None of the priests present would presume 
to say. The father was at the mass. The priests 
said among themselves, "We might have it roasted, 
but if father wished it otherwise, then what?" One 
said, " I simply will not assume any responsibility 
in such an important matter." Another said. " And 
I will not." And another said, " Nor yet will I." 
Then as they were about to take a fresh supply of 
tobacco all round, one called attention to the beau- 
tiful color of his meerschaum pipe, but the cook 
cut short all discussion as to the beauty or merits of 
their different pipes, by insisting that he would not 
prepare breakfast without definite orders. " For," 
he said, "the holy father will get more angry at me 
if I get it without an order than he would at you if 
you gave the order." And all agreed that " father " 
wouldn't make it pleasant for any of them if break- 
fast were not ready by the time mass was concluded. 
Sympathy for the cook increased. Presently one 
priest younger than the rest struck a happy thought 
as he said, " I say, De Souza, put on this my black 
cloak and go in and ask the father what he wishes. 
You will not be observed." De Souza was the 
cook's name. He was willing to try almost any- 
thing and all the priests were willing that he should 

1- young priest rt„ 
peared for so short a time last Sunday? Welojlj 
for him to-day." But De Souza the cook had ot 
temporarily entered the priesthood, and the ■„■ 
Sunday he stayed in the cook house. 


In ancient times, there was a Brahmin ladvi 
had no children; she tamed a weasel and loved t- 
as a child instead. She ted and dressed him 
though he were her child. After a time, she \t 
came the mother ot a boy but still sheseeM; 
love the weasel none the less. She believed!! 
her good fortune in giving birth to a son wasder 
the presence ot the weasel. 

One day she went to bring water, leaving '^ 
child asleep in his little cradle. The weasel was i. 
ing near by. After a short time a large snakecsc 
crawling near to the bed. The weasel is a nai;-. 
enemy of snakes, and seeing this one, it boiiK 
upon it, seized it by the neck, shook it, and bt: 
and tore it till pieces were lying all over Ihe fe 
The weasel's head was smeared with blood, 

Presently the mother of the child returBtJii; 
first of all, seeing the blood-covered mangoose,s< 
posed that it had betrayed its trust and kill " 
child. The anger of the woman knew no brad 
She threw her vessel of water from off her i 
down upon the mangoose, shouting, ■■Tliouunsii 
ful sinner, thou hast killed my dear one." «'" 
bound she went into the house and found her 
sound asleep, and large pieces of snake lym?- 
round the bed. Now she recognized what s*'-^ 
done. The mangoose had saved the life »l- 
child, and she had killed it in return. Shem- 
ceedingly sorry and as the story goes ■ 
vow that she would go into a jungle an ! 
rest ot her days in sorrow and shame. 

,vith her, I 

, she ««' 

home taking the dead mangoose 

she got beyond the limits ot her villag ^^^^ 

old woman who inquired where she was^»^,^", 

why she looked so ^'^°°"^y■'^^'lu„0^ 
told her the whole story, and the 01 ^^^^ 
goddess as believed by all i" '""se daj^^,^ 
life into the animal and made '""" .j;ji,l. 
returned home with her mangoose .m 

the custom i" "*' 


From this story springs 

on the nil 


worshiping the mangoose on i» q,.. 

tenth month Shrawan ot "i'-' "'" 'jdess"'' 
day women adore weasels and the g ^^ ^^^^ 
sels made ot clay. Perhaps. '^^ ",,,;, *'■ 
goes, to secure their favonn savij g ^^|^^||j,ij 
They observe that day and regar' 
ligious austerity 

nV " 

The good-natured queen "' ^^^^°,,|',,n(■ 
upon little children-she has nevc^ ^^ ,^ 
own— was walking in the park .^ ;i,;. 

she is well known. Meeting a .^i. 


two little children, she stopped 

babies. The following 

dialogue ^ 



• They are twins, 

ur niajo'J- 

The queen- 
Nurse-" Yes, please, your ...-.^^ ^^^.. 
" 1 suppose their papa is pro^ ^^_^^ ^c^ 
■' This little boy's papa ■" 

, but 

that II 

pa died a month ago. 



"But I thought you said they--, a..' 
" Your majesty said they » ,; 
it right to contradict the queen. 

•»» THE . INGLENOOK «p» 


_^ j^atcipe * Study — ^ 



, ijoyhood days I was frequently charmed 
»eet notes of a bird concealed in the leaves 
Ide topmost boughs of the trees. I often 
d to his song, and looked long and earnestly 
glimpse of the bird whose voice was so me- 
■ but I looked in vain. I fancied such a bird 
5, tie beautiful. He sang mostly in the early 
•n when the poetic feeling best comes on and 
litart beats in response to nature dressed in all 
loveliness. The impressions of youth last 
luoh life. That song and tree, that bird and 
ivin"" stream, all bright with sunny dew, and fra- 
ntwith flowers, we carry them with us ever. 
jars passed on, and again I was in the woods 
the wood thrush sang, and the foliage of the 
cs was so dense as to shut out at noontide the 
indor of the orb of day. The song of birds was 
ibed in the silence of nature. A hand softer 
in a mother's touches the brow, and we feel at 
The bird of my boyhood was now on the 
f.coveied ground, hopping from place to place as 
)bin would hop in search of food for its young. 
as only a modest, plain bird. Its motion on the 
nd was for all the world like the common red- 
, St. yet not near so portly in form, and with less 
iet in the color of its plumage. Now and then 
ould gain some overhanging bough without any 
ible motion of its wings. It seemed to be a bird 
drank its sweetest joys in shades and shadows, 
silence, and softness. This part of his career is 
nsely musical. What is more inspiring than si- 
and solitude? It is the poet's dream, and out 
is evolved all the poetry and music of the uni- 

taken m regard to the growth, the character the 
propagation, the flowering, and seedtime of weeds 
their injury to the farmer and so on. A blank book 
w|as provided in which a record was kept of the 
above, and jewelers' small vials were secured to 
contain the seeds of these plants. In a short time a 
fair sued collection was secured, besides an invalu- 
able stock of information on the 
home grew to be 

subject. Thus, this 
unusually attractive one not 
only to the boys but to many others. In fact it 
was a model home. The wonder is that there Lre 
not more such. How many other boys might be- 
come interested if once directed into pleasant lines 
of investigation and labor. If father does not pos- 
sess the ingenuity and tact, a bright boy might lead 
ott. Secure the assistance of others and reap the 
pleasure that comes through knowledge gained In 
this way you can lay the foundation for men of 
worth in the future. 

There is an excellent suggestion in the above article We 
mean the reference to securing a lot of liule boulesaid mal 

n^doi °. 1?, ."h '""'• ''''"•' '? " 1^^"' '^=--'' to be learned 
FHO„ (?r- ,''"' connecuon mil our readers please do the 
Editor of I HE INGLENOOK a favor? You know the comm™ 
horseradish plant, the root of which is grated and used ?s a 
cpndimen,. What we want is a little of fhe seed Cf th s plam 
Plea^Tn ", T' "»"'=''■ b"" 'he ^"d. There is none i „ E gb! 
Please postal card us whether you will furnish it.— Ed. 

the bottom of the lake and travel for some distance 
before it will come to the surface. I have lost 
many a duck that I have wounded through this pe- 
culiarity." ^ '^ 



he song of the wood thrush is a sweet melody 

nng in richness and intensity — now loud — now 

and full with intonations that echo from " over 

hills and far away." Perched in the top of 

lofty tree, after a- soft shower in springtime, 

liile the sun is sinking in the western sky, he 

his song of Ju-bi-lee, with utterance so varia- 

iorich and full as to be altogether wonderful. 

with a few muffled yet tender notes, he takes 

and passes down through the labyrinths of 

led boughs into the deep obscurities of the 

Our yearning hearts follow him into those 

recfsses, and we wonder where he received 

ouch of his musical nature. It is a pleasure to 

that the songs of birds, the music of nature, 

I as sacred song, has a heart service reaching 

and within, enkindling the finer sensibilities 

«T nature. What head can harbor wicked 

ghls whose heart and lips are attuned to melo- 

nl praise? Music is the gift of God, and the 

■t and highest stram is the harmony of a holy 

He whose life is in accord with the life of God 

""ched a chord that vibrates with the h, 

le universe. 



Seem to Feel Safe Within the Busy Haunts of Men. 

" It is one of the peculiarities of the wild game 
fowl that when we meet them, shotgun in hand, out 
on the waters of the inland lakes of the State, we 
have to make use of all manner of trickery to get 
near enough to them to secure a shot." 

Thus spoke an old sportsman to the Milwaukee 
Sentinel man, standing on Grand Avenue bridge and 
pointing with index finger to a little patch of open 
water in the rear of a store on West Water Street, 
where a pair of wild ducks were swimming about as 
unconcerned as if they were in the wooded fastness- 
es of northern Wisconsin, instead of in the midst of 
a city of 300,000 inhabitants. 

" How do you account for the difference between 
the wild duck in the wilderness and the wild duck 
in the midst of civilization?" the sportsman was 

" I don't account for it 








ago an experimental farmer and 
'f'st found himself the much interested fa- 
st mvl"'' '"'^'"' ''"''^>' ^°y^- "°" ^'"1' I 

"«ti„„7r '""^ ""'"' ^°°'^ '"^" °f "'™'' "='' 
that seemed always to be in his mind. 

B a 10,7"^ " ^°^ '''"'"■'f '•""°ns h's boys and 
usiJf' /"'"""'"'' ^'"^ intelligent wife to 
Winter!. , "' ■■"'"<:'ive means that seemed 
,tof""'^"d educate his sons. 

' ^ 'ool-house was built, and so well ar- 

il foi 

"■ "mfort was it that 

It was a " d 

f. °' ,^">all fruits. 

or summer. Next, was the 

"s. sh; 

PP'tg. sellin 

This included haulii 

idded a„Vih "^' "'"'■ '^^^'' ^ hennery 

financial ^fofded a change again and 

°"="t of th"'^'^]"' ^'"^ ^° "^'^ '""'^ ^'"^ ""^ 
«5 were s'^ P'^'.^'s^'" home went on. The 
'Papers an'^n'"' '" '"'■^'^'"^S the best selected 
When ""''^^''"" 'he father was able to 
''■^ *"e enp *''!,'^'' °' reading, various forms 
'"■^ >^ere \„T '"' ""'" "x! boys became ex- 
"°"ghout ih ''""'^'^ a' picnics, celebrations, 

""8 the „.r """'^y 


""^sds ah"^"^ ^""ctive novelties was the 
°°"' the farm. Close watch was 

I only know that if you 
try to get near those two ducks swimming over 
there, it they were out on the Horicon marsh, for 
example, you would have to rig up a lot of bushes 
in the bow of your boat and paddle with the great- 
est care in order to get within a gunshot, and even 
then chances would be against you. It may be in- 
stinct that is the cause of their being so brave right 
here in the midst of a teeming population. We can- 
not suppose they are familiar with the city ordi- 
nances and that they know the policemen are under 
instructions to arrest any one who fires a gun in the 
city. They don't even know that the law against 
shooting ducks in the State is in force, for they 
would still fly away if they were on Pewaukee lake 
instead of Milwaukee river. 

" The rough weather sometimes drives the ducks 
up into Milwaukee river. For example, this 
was the case when the ice came over to this shore. 
You see, it is just this way: The wild duck lives on 
fish and worms, and unless he takes a journey to his 
winter resort in the south he has to depend on the 
lake for his foraging during the real cold weather 
when all the interior lakes and marshes are frozen 
up solid. He cannot dig worms out of the frozen 
ground, can he? No. Then he has to dive down 
into the bottom of the lake for them, with an op- 
portunity to capture a small fish on his downward 
journey. When the ice comes to this shore and ex- 
tends 'way out into deep water his little game is 
blocked, as he cannot go down far enough to reach 
his diet of worms. In that case he is forced to ap- 
pease his hunger in the rivers that run through the 
city, which are kept open by the fire tugs and other 
boats, which gives him an opportunity for satisfying 
the ' inner duck.' But whether his duckship has 
been driven to the necessity of foraging in the river 
so often that he knows it to be safe, or whether his 
hunger has led him to take desperate chances, I 
don't know. 

" Some of the fishermen who drop their nets 
down sixty or seventy feet out in the lake tell me it 
is not an uncommon thing to catch wild geese in 
them. The geese go down to a great depth after 
worms and walk on the bottom searching for them. 
A duck, when it is wounded, will also go down to 

A STRANGE race of people, with manners and cus- 
toms stranger still, lives near the coast of San Bias 
Colombia, .South America. To the few traders who 
visit the spot for cocoanuts and vegetable ivory 
they are known as the .San Bias Indians. Of their 
origin and history but little can be discovered, says 
the 1 hiladelphia Inquirer. 

One thing is certain, that although friendly to the 
government of the United .Stateif and to the foreign- 
ers who may enter or find themselves weather- 
bound in the harbor of San Bias, there is no record 
of their having ever been conquered or subjugated 
by any other tribe. 

Although inclined to be friendly, they look with 
most jealous eyes upon any effort to cultivate a 
closer acquaintance than the necessities of trade re- 
quire. No matter how many vessels may lie at an- 
chor in the harbor or how much trading may have 
been carried on during the day, every white man at 
sundown must go on board his ship, or at least 
leave the territory of the tribe until the following 
I The maidens of this peculiar tribe are quite at- 
tractive, and many a jack tar has risked his life in 
the effort to win or capture a dusky bride. Love, 
as in other lands, occasionally overcomes all obsta- 
cles, but if the unfortunate girl is caught or returns 
to her people the punishment is death. 

The young mate of an English bark lying in the 
harbor became enamored of a girl, whose home was 
near the beach. The male's attentions were per- 
sistent, and his love was secretly returned. 

()ne night, just before the ship was to sail, the In- 
dian maiden secreted her sailor boy in the thickets 
until after dark, when they stole a canoe and started 
to paddle out to the vessel. But an awful tropical 
storm arose, which caused the eloping couple to 
lose their bearings, and only with difficulty did they 
manage to keep afloat. When morning dawned 
they were washed ashore, almost exhausted. The 
enraged Indians seized both and made them cap- 
tives, condemning the girl to immediate death. 

The captain of the bark, anticipating trouble, sent 
a boat's crew ashore with a rescue party. A de- 
mand was made for the prisoner, whereupon the 
mate was released, but the girl was held for the 
death sentence. 

Finding arguments useless, the desperate youth, 
with a few sailors, at his back, made a rush to res- 
cue his sweetheart, and had almost accomplished it 
when he was struck down by a spear thrust from 
the hand of the girl's father. 


A LARGE Newfoundland dog belonging to a phy- 
sician gives evidence of the intelligence generally 
alleged of the canine race. Me is the mail carrier 
for the household, and is deeply impressed with the 
confidence rep.osed in his fidelity in the perform- 
ance of his duty. This fidelity seems to be recog- 
nized by his canine neighbors, and one of them, at 
least, has shown a mean disposition to take advan- 
tage of it, and to annoy the Newfoundland when 
thus engaged. This teasing poodle is of spotless 
white. Gyp never attempted to molest the big 
Newfoundland when the latter was free to prevent 
it. Nor did he ever molest his giant neighbor but 
twice when he was carrying his master's mail. The 
first time the Newfoundland treated Gyp's jumping 
up and snapping at his tail with dignified contempt. 
This emboldened Gyp to repeat the indignity the 
next morning, as the Newfoundland was returning 
home with a large bundle of letters in his mouth. 

The Newfoundland never paused in his errand. 
He laid the Jjackage of letters on his master's desk 
and then turned back in the direction of the post 
office There was in his movements, as well as in 
his intelligent face, an air of quiet determination. 
As he reached the place where Gyp was standing, 
fresh from his morning toilet, he seized the spotless 
poodle by the neck, and carried it across the side- 
walk to the gutter, filled with muddy water. The 
Newfoundland dipped the poodle into the dirty 
water twice, then deposited the mud-bedraggled 
and humiliated dog upon the sidewalk and returned 
to his home quietly, without so much as a backward 
look at his victim. 

i-pp XHE 9 INGLENOOK *"• » 

Al u and u South Siaip Sltcct. EIrIh. Illinois. Piicc. Ji.oo a vcar. It is 
a high gtikde paper (or hiRli (iracJe boys and girl* who love Rood reading. 
INGLENOOK wanis contributions, bright, well written and ol genetal interest. 
No love stories or any with killing or cinclty in ihem will be conniilered. II 
you want your articles returned, if not nvailablc. send stamped and ad- 
dressed envelope. Send Bubscrlplions, articles and everything Intended for 
The Inglbsook, to the lollowing address: 

Bkrtiikrn Pliii.ishing IfousB. EiRin, Illinois. 

Entered al the , Post Office at KIgin. III., as Second-class Mattel. 

The new woman is a tailor-matU- product, and 
she plays golf and things. She usually wants to 
vote, and she tries to be in tlie forefront along with 
men. The Ingi.enook has been asked whajt it 
thinks of her. In answer to this perfectly legiti- 
mate query the Editor wishes to say that he does 
not assume to direct what some millions of people, 
with whom he has no business whatever, shall do or 
shall not do. That is their affair. Still, The In- 
GLENOOK has some ideas of its own, and that is its 
affair. And it does not take kindly to the ultra New 
Woman. The Old Woman is good enough for this 
end of humanity. A man who has been out hus- 
tling for a living all day comes home wanting some- 
thing more than stories about golf and progressive 
euchre. In fact he prefers a well-constructed pot- 
pie, or a big dish of old-fashioned apple dumplings. 
Remember, The Inglenook is not pretending to set 
the pace of the coming generation of young women. 
It is simply telling Its preferences. By the same 
token the head of the paper knows enough about 
his kind to enable him to say that ninety-nine out 
of every hundred men think as he does. 

To see a young woman trying to be a man is 
pretty nearly as bad as for a man to put on a frock 
and go about squawking like an old hen. There are 
plenty of foolish women, however, who like the 
Miss Nancy sort of young men, who, it has been 
noticed, never amount to much in the actual work- 
ings of this big, round world of ours. If there are 
any Inglenook girl readers who are bitten with the 
New Woman idea, let such remember that it is 
easier, and much better to be what God made them, 
— true women. A Dunkard girl, with Dunkard 
ideas, and not ashamed of the fraternity or its meth- 
ods, and who lives it out, is worth a whole bunch of 
New Women, tied up like asparagus and sold in the 
market for ten cents. Imagine Mary, the one who 
went to the tomb early in the morning, playing golf 
and running a pink tea. 

the knock at the door, there he is! It is not acci- 
dental. The mathematical chances of its being ac- 
cidental are too few to allow that as a reason. 
There is something more to it. 

If this is true, and it is, altogether independent of 
our will, why may not the mind reach out to har- 
monious facts while the body is at rest in so-called 
sleep? Why may it not be influenced by others? 
It certainly is. And sometimes dreams do come 
true. But the whole business is so little understood, 
and so wrapped in deep mystery, that our knowl- 
edge of the fact can do us no good, for it can not be 
used in any known way. 


Text: Be Courteous. 

The Christian is a courteous man, that is, he is a 
gentle, polite man. It is not meant by this that he 
is to be superficially, and ultra polite, but that he is 
to be courteous because it is his duty. It is his 
duty, because, being the child of a king, he may 
rightly be expected to preserve royal manners with 
both equals and inferiors. 

There are many teachings in the Book relating to 
courtesy and politeness. The man or woman who 
is rough in speech or manner does not seem to be 
possessed of the spirit of the foundation of all 
Christian virtues. What is that? It is love, kind- 
liness of feeling, and it should be constantly exer- 
cised toward all with whom we come in contact. 
There is no doubt but that Christ, Paul, and all the 
other saints were pleasant and courteous people. 
Goodnature is not in and of itself Christianity, but 
it is a very large part of it. 

It pays to be courteous, though this is not the 
best reason for its exercise. It should be done be- 
cause it is right. When a thing is right that settles 
it. A boy or girl who is polite will win a way 
where others less courteous will assuredly fail. A 
man may not be a Christian without being courte- 
ous, but he may be courteous without being a Chris- 
tian. One is the form without the substance. The 
other is the fact and its expression in our actions. 

It can't be learned out of a book. Don't attempt 
it that way. If you feel kindly toward people show 
it in the best way you know, only show it. That is 
being courteous. As we deal with others around 
us so shall we be dealt with here and hereafter. 



It is a little hard to define a dream in intelligent 
terms. It is somcthinj^ that we all know about, and 
it is not a matter of question whether animals 
dream, for some of them certainly do. Nearly 
everybody has seen a dog fidgeting and has heard 
him growling in his sleep; dreaming, beyond a 

The mind is a wonderful thing. It has never 
been explained, nor is it likely to be ever fully un- 
derstood. Associated with the body, as it insepar- 
ably is, it is also to a certain extent independent of 
it. To a large extent it is controllable, but it also 
acts without our intention or direction. Sometimes, 
like a machine, it runs wild, and again it is control- 
lable, or at other times, when the body is asleep and 
perfectly helpless, it sets out on journeys of its own, 
and when we wake we remember. Now docs it act 
intelligently on these excursions? Not always does 
it do so, and then, again, the concensus of human 
experience is that it sometimes does do so. In oth- 
er words the dream is reali;^ed. It would appear to 
the writer that minds reach out to others and influ- 
ence them and are influenced by others. What this 
connection is, and how it operates is not exactly 
known. But that it is a fact is beyond a doubt. It 
has passed into a proverb. How often are we think- 
ing of a person we can not see, and when we answer 


In some States suicide is regarded 
an ineffectual attempt at self-destruct** ^"^ 
ished by the law. Nearly all people'^'' ' 
either in the light of a crime or as an e h v^' 
moral cowardice or mental weakness V ' 
the pathos of the end of these two f" ^'^' 

stigma upon thetn. 

their lontHness, fnentllessness, and 

is hard to affix such 

had been overcome in the stru 

of life 


mendous odds. The future was witlio 't'"^ '''' 
hope, for the thought of the poorhouse i^ ''' ' 
durable to them. They had not strength"'"'' 
left even to struggle. When the wife said"' 
ready. Let us go," the husband well k ' 
meaning of these words, and together ih '" 
where is rest. No blame can attach to th*^ " 
unfortunates, but what of the social condit'* ' 
der which such a pathetic tragedy could be '*" 
" Near a whole city full 
Wasn't it pitiful?" 

The above is an editorial from a Chicam 
It tells its own story, and it is sad enough "i" 
reproduced here to show a side of life that is 
known where The Inglenook is found. If 
people had been members of our beloved frate 
and had only asked help it would surely liavtl 
given, quietly and unostentatiously, and the ten 
and sad end would have been averted. TheD 
ard church may not make so much noise m i 
world as some other organizations, but its poi 
never need seek death because the wolf is am, 
door. The workings of some of the commoK 
practices among us are so familiar that it is hirdu 
conceive of such unrelieved misery. 

A LIFE story of unusual pathos is revealed by a 
double suicide which occurred in New York City a 
few days ago. Martin Arnow, si-\ty-six years of 
age, and his wife, Sophia, two years his junior, had 
been married and had lived together happily forty 
years. Martin had been an insurance collector, but 
of late years age and infirmity had so weakened him 
that he could not attend to business. Reverse fol- 
lowed reverse until at last the couple found them- 
selves heavily in debt and in the last extremity of 
poverty. They were childless, and, so far as known, 
neither of them had a relative to whom they could 
appeal. When the last hope had expired, and even 
the pang of hunger could not be appeased, the wife 
said to her husband, " I am ready. Let us go." A 
tube was affixed to the gas burner and the two were 
found dead sitting in rocking chairs face to face. 
In the wife's lap was a Bible opened to the text, up- 
on which her finger rested, " Come unto me, all ye 
that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you 
rest," which apparently had been the consolation 
of each before setting off on the dark journey to- 

That their death was deliberately planned was 
shown by letters left to their creditors and one to 
the undertaker, in which, to save him all trouble, 
the age of each was stated. Upon a table near the 
chairs the husband had placed his grave clothes and 
the wife her wedding dress in which she had been 
married forty years before. They had placed their 
house in readiness for death's coming by sweeping 
the floors, dusting the scanty furniture, and giving 
food and water to the birds. Then, when all was 
ready, the two took their departure from life sitting 
near together and looking into each other's sad 
eyes. The heavy laden were at rest at last. 

Under the heading of "A New Industry" 
change calls attention to the utilization of thee;;- 
tail found in so many places. Our iNGLENOOKreit 
ers where the plant is common would do welh', 
make a note of this fact. The heads are doublls 
picked when ripe, dried, and stripped into fuzz. 

A new and profitable industry has sprung;: 
around the banks of any of the ponds and salllito 
in this part of the State. The common catlt 
which grows in profusion in the marshy grmK 
near the water's edge, has become a valuable anif 
of commerce and sells at the lake for a <nii 
pound. The cattails have largely superseded** 
cotton and hair for mattresses and upholster)'' 
are said to be adm.irable substitutes, while theyif 
far less than the materials mentioned. The >»: 
who gather the once worthless weeds are pal 
cent a pound for them, and since the 1st of Ifc 
over ten tons of the commodity have been |*« 
and paid for at Syracuse or Turkey Lake, Tkf!' 
mand far exceeds the supply and is increasinf 

The New York Ti/ms tells an incident thai s» | 
how large ocean steamships have become: 

He leil 

little immigrant boy about seven years 
for four days on the voyage over, 
mother and started in quest of adventure 
'ing tired was una! 

big ship, but upon growmg ^^ 

his way back to her. Instead of asking som'^^^ 
show him where to go, or telling that HO' , 
the young truant decided to continue hi»i 
tions indefinitely. When found, he was y 
an empty coal box down among the engi'^^ 
of the crew took him to the "P"""' *!j.|,5y, 
six stewards to search for his mother. ^ ^^^^ 
her with some difficulty, and discovert^ ^^^, 
too. had been lost, having started '>" _^^^^p 
her son and not being able to get to be 
the ship again." 

A North Omaha Sunday-school supi.^^_ , , 
always conducts the lesson '^^'J" |V„|„g *' 
He spends about five minutes m exp 
son, and then asks: j^j" 

" Now, has any one a question to ^^^^^ ^^ ^ 
Last Sunday he explained the '^ j,j.. 
dwelling at length on its chief thoug 
up with the usual question: ,„ ask- 

" Now, has any one a question to^^^^^ ^^^^ 
A member of the boys' junior 

hand. . ,.. asked'"' 

"Well, what is your question. ^ 

intendent. |jgve ^ ^"^ 

" Please, sir, are we going 'o 
summer? " 

"** THK » INGLENOOK »»» 

IViethods of ProeeduPe in 



■ . the professions in which there are many 
^"'""' for young men of artistic, mechanical 
"^Ll tastes, is " photo-engraving." 
, is about this profession something very 
'^'""'- in the various manipulations of the sev- 
'i'""'cesscs. The average youth seems to take to 
''7 ,vith a zeal that is surprising after seeing 
'',mc person as a printer's devil, for in a great 
"Instances photo-engravers have arisen from 

there is some drudgery, in what pro- 



lat position. 

Tn be sure, 

there none? The first step for our 
out, and in this he must be an 





luil, is sweepin„ ., , ^ . . , , 

the very least possible dust must be made, 
iisl is the great arch-enemy of the photo-en- 
r Washing the glass and polishing the zinc 
opper, on which the hair line of a scratch or 
|e.,sl pin hole must not show, are operations the 
lung disciple first becomes acquainted with. 
,,.. uiiter has watched boys polishing with 
iglit and main whose great ambition seemed to_be 
get that steel-like polish to his zincs and make 
fir-t negative, which sometimes a good-natured 
icniin will allow if he sees his young help takes 
oush interest. 

II most engraving shops the rule has been to 
Biaigc a sum, varying from Si50to S200 on enter- 
1 learn. This seems like a large sum, but it is a 
odssion that is as yet not crowded, and the wages 
liii;h compared to most other branches, being 
oni Si 5 to S30 and even S40 a week. 
Tilt highest position in the art being photogra- 
ly, .md good photographers are always in de- 
and. It must not be thought that because you 
bbled in amateur photography, have han- 
ed a " Vive," a " Cyclone" or other dry plate out- you can go straight into a photo-engraving 
op ind snap pictures. You can not, the process 
ly different, it is the wet-plate process, and 
ire are also other conditions not met with in the 
Jinary photographic art. 

jeiierally speaking the photo-engraver is very 
ilous and keeps his formulas and trade secrets in 
vest pocket book, and newcomers in a shop 
! looked on with a wary eye. 
The head of one of America's largest establish- 
mts told the writer that he at one time hired an 
per room of a building and with a pair of opera 
ses spied on a rival establishment, that he 
ght find out some things he was very desirous of 

■n general the photo-engraver does not do all the 
losses, the boys do the glass cleaning and pol- 
i"g. next is the printer, then the etcher, the 
I'si, mounter and the photographer, over all, the 

lomctimes a young man stays at one particular 

fell, perhaps becomes a router or an etcher be- 

'5« lie takes a liking to this particular work, 

Wages of which is generally from S18 to S20 a 

" "^'"B ''■°™ the way in which photo-engraving 

advanced within the last 

two or three years, it 

'n "ts infancy and much has yet to be accom- 


'^''^'^J in the way of perfection. 

,'^ only within the past two years that photogra- 
. 1" """"' <:olors has become a possibility. Not 
• " len process workers knows the how of the 
the" ■' P^o<:ess, as it is technically known. 
„ ^""ilr'^^ ^'i'i\c<t to a boy, wanting to make a 
; "uld be to enter the establishment of some 
F'B«ti /*""'.''''" ^^* printer's "devil," and 
It,,. J??"" insight into the ways of the printer, 
Ijcn 'fi u"'' "''^ knowledge gained of consider- 
»>ster "^'■"fter, then ask his superiors for a 
"^ into t h 
re hap engraving department which, if 

Bed the^"^ ^° ^^ ^ vacancy, and he has also 
rethaniuT'^ Sr-'iccs of those over him, he is 
:r HHich h^ ^-^^ ^*"^ ^"^ ^^ ^'^^" ^^^ ^'^^^ opening. 
"iashi= " °" ^^^ first round of the ladder 

''^'s own way to hew. 

^ alt the m "^"^^ 

'average hk"*^'"^ '" *^^ ^"'^''^'^ were leveled, 
eight of the land would rise nearly 250 


Let us take a walk this bright spring morning. 
The sun is just coming over the eastern hills, and 
everything is new again wherever the rosy dawn has 
cast her shimmer of red and gold. Sec the picture 
in the east. Never since the world began has there 
been just such a combination of colors. Other sun- 
rises there have been, and others will be. but never 
again just this disposition of cloudland and color 
scheme. And never, for one single moment, is it 
exactly alike. Fleeting, flitting, changeful, and 
then lost in the rising glare of the day god, each 
sunrise is a beauty and a glory. 

And the landscape is glorious each new-born day- 
light. What! See nothing? Look at the bank by 
the roadside. Every geometric spider web is 
strung with tiny pearls. Every little flower is 
tipped with a dew drop distilled from the night air 
and they are hung on the tips of the petals of every 
flower that springs from the grassy bed. Through 
the hedge row glimmers the stream, like a silver 
ribbon in the morning light, and every leaf is a-flut- 
ter and all the birds are singing. The underworld 
of insect and crawly things are starting out on raids 
of conquest or search of mates. The hedge is a 
vast forest to these little folk, and it is a wonder to 
those of us with eyes to see things. The warbler 
with the drab dress and the voice of a flute has her 
nest and her children five hid in the leaves where 
we ma)' look in on the family if we disturb nothing. 
But it is a life of dread for the mother bird. Over 
in the field is a tall, dead tree. Perched on its very 
top is a big, brown bird, motionless, but with the 
eyes of a telescope, and the heart of a murderer. 
He sweeps the sky and the field. A speck comes 
across, and from it a morning song. A lift and a 
lurch and the big bird sweeps like a shot after the 
singer. There is a wild moment, a pitiful bird 
shriek, a passing thought, who knows not, of the 
sleeping ones in the nest, and the little thing is 
gone. And back in the hedge, on the morrow, will 
be five little dead. If the morning has its glories it 
also has its tragedies. Why it is not a scene of in- 
effable peace is not within the province of man's 

We will walk down to the edge of the wood and 
gather a few wild flowers of the morning. On the 
old fence rails note the brown, clinging lichens. If 
we look carefully within the tiny cups that spot 
them here and there we shall see what resembles, 
for all the world, a diminutive bird's nest full of 
colored eggs. They are the spores of the lichens 
and it is not hard to believe the stories of the fair- 
ies and the robbing of the lichen nests of the eggs 
for playthings for their children. Here are the wild 
pinks and some other flowering plants. Hold a 
moment! Wait till that dainty little blue-winged 
butterfly has had its fill of dew, and flimsily flutters 
away. Now! And from the foliage buzzes a big, 
fat, complaining bumblebee, that drones its flight 
over the field to the nest under the tussock. He 
was caught out late last night and stayed with the 
pinks and the moon. 

So with the blooms in your hand and lightness in 
our hearts we will go homeward and watch the ris- 
ing of the children of fur and feather on our way. 
It is not a thing that is past and unreturning. To- 
morrow it will all come again in different dress, but 
always the same new world, whether in sunrise col- 
or, dull rainfall, or winter's sleep or snows. This is 
a world of beauty and living is divine if we only 
make it so. 


fire the gun will require a powder charge of l,o6o 
pounds, costing about S265. Each projectile will 
cost about S600, making the total cost of firing the 
gun not less than SS65. The gun has a theoretical 
range of 20.76 miles, to attain which the projectile 
will have to rise to a height of about five miles. 
The gun will be erected on the fortification at 
Romer Shoals, one of the outer defenses of New 
York harbor. It is expected that it will be put in 
place some time during 1900. 

One of the last steps in the construction of the 
gun is when the outer steel jacket is about to de- 
scend to its place over the tube. This jacket itself 
weighs about 80.000 pounds and when fitted in its 
place on the tube will appear as an integral part of 
the gun. The jacket slides into position as smooth- 
ly as a glove and shrinks there with a grip on the 
tube of some 10,000 pounds or more to the square 
inch. It is an exceedingly delicate point in the 
process and any mishap or miscalculation at this 
juncture would mean a loss of thousands of dollars 
and possibly months of delay. 

The above is a sample of the wastefulness of war 
and warlike preparations. Every time the gun is 
fired enough money is thrown away to send a mis- 
sionary to the ends of the earth, or to run a school 
for a year. As long as people do these things we 
may well wonder whether we are really civilized or 
Christianized yet. 


The United States government is making rapid 
progress toward that point where it may rightfully 
claim supremacy for its war armament both on land 
and sea. The final tests of the battleship Kearsarge 
have proved this vessel to be superior to anything 
afloat, so far as its battery equipment is concerned. 
A new breech-loading rifle in process of construc- 
tion at the Watervliet arsenal, Watervliet, N. Y., 
when completed, will be the most powerful piece of 
ordnance in the world, says LislU's Wirk/y. 

The weight of this enormous instrument of death, 
without its carriage, will be 126 tons; its length will 
be 49 feet 6 inches; the diameter of the breech 6 
feet 2 inches; the size of the bore 16 inches. It will 
throw a projectile weighing 2,370 pounds with a 
muzzle velocity of 2,300 feet per second, and its 
total muzzle energy will be 88,000 foot-tons. To 

Several years ago two gentlemen entered a train 
leaving Chicago, one with a ticket for New York 
and the other for a town in Ohio. The car being 
full, these two travelers shared the same seat. 
Soon they fell into conversation. The Ohio man 
spoke of the great work of Moody and Sankey. 

" 1 regret," he said, " that I never had the oppor- 
tunity of hearing Sankey sing before he died." 

"Yes?" responded the other; "but how do you 
know that Sankey is dead? " 

" I saw it in the papers." 

"Then I suppose it must be true." 

" Did you ever hear him sing?" 

" Yes; a number of times." 

"Then you must have heard Moody." 

" Yes, I have heard Moody, too." 

" Tell me — what sort of people are they, any- 
how? " 

"Well, sir, in my opinion, they are just common 
people like you and me, and nothing more." 

" Do you really think so? Well, some day I may 
sec Moody yet; but I shall never hear Sankey." 

Just then the engine whistle blew, and the Ohio 
man began to get his baggage together. 

" I think it would be hardly right," said the pas- 
senger bound for New York, " for me to let you go 
without first saying that I am one of the gentlemen 
whom we have been discussing. My name is San- 

Astonishment gave way in a monu-nt to a merry 
twinkle of the eye. An index finger was forcefully 
leveled against the New Yorker's nose: "Now look 
lierc, young man, you can't come that kind of a 
game on me! Sankey is dead! Good-by! " 

Some years ago Mr. Bliss, Mr. Sankey's intimate 
friend and collaborator of the Gospel Hymns, lost 
his life in a Western railroad wreck. In certain 
quarters the two names became confused in connec- 
tion with the accident, and hence the rumor of Mr. 
Sankey's death. 


Chocolate is still used as money in certain parts 
of the interior of South America, as also are cocoa- . 
nuts and eggs. According to Prescott the money 
of the Aztecs consisted of quills full of gold dust 
and bags of chocolate grains. Before the introduc- 
tion of coined money into Greece, skewers or spikes 
of iron and copper were used, six being a drachm or 
handful. The small, hard shell known as the cow- 
rie is still used in parts of India and Africa in place 
of coin. Whales' teeth are used by the Fijians, red 
feathers by some of the South Sea islanders, and 
salt in parts of Abyssinia. In parts of India cakes 
of tea and in China pieces of silk pass as currency. 
Oxen still form the circulating medium among 
many of the Zulus and KafRrs. 

The entertainment of royalty costs British socie- 
ty each year fully ;f 2,000,000. 


*** THE • INGLENOOK » <"■ 

Good 4^^ {Reading 


•■Do I like babies?" slowly replied the girl with 
the meditative eyes. " Well, I used to like babies, 
but I find by experience that they are much like 
fruit cake— a little baby goes a long way. Until two 
weeks ago I kissed all babies on sight and called 
them darlings, but I don't do that any more. 

■• I have a friend who has twin girls two years old. 
I went around to .see if I might lake the twins out 
for an airing one afternoon last week. Having con- 
siderable objection to wheeling a baby coach I in- 
sisted on the twins walking. 

'" Better take the maid,' suggested the mother. 
'"Oh, no,' I said, carelessly; "I'll get along all 
right. I'll just take hold of their hands.' 
" ' Very well,' she replied with a slight smile. 
" They looked like two handsomely dressed French 
dolls when the maid brought them to me ready for 
the walk. Their laces were positively angelic, blue 
eyes, you know, with a dreamy, far-away expression 
in them and flaxen hair that curled. 

" • They look angelic, I said. ' They seem too good 
to live.' 

"' I never worry about them on that account,' said 
the mother, with that little smile. 

"Each baby clutched a finger I extended to her, 
and we started. People cast admiring glances at 
the two little children in their dainty spotless white 
coats and bonnets as they toddled beside me. We 
were a dozen squares from the house, when suddeni}- 
the twins looked at each other; it seemed to me as if 
they winked at each other, and they seemed struck 
by the same thought all at once. Simultaneously 
they dropped my fingers and sped away in opposite 
directions. How their little legs did fly; i started 
in pursuit and caught one, bringing her back to the 
sidewalk, for the street was crowded with teams. 1 
found that the other was half a block away in An- 
other direction. So 1 left the first baby to catch the 
second and returned breathless to get a glimpse of 
the first twin eating orange peel in some one's back 
yard. This Mary I told Margaret to stand 
still until 1 returned, but returned with Mary to find 
Margaret sitting on the curb taking off her shoes. 

" I picked Mary up, when without the slightest 
reason that I could see the two flew at each other 
and began to fight. They both fell down and rolled 
about the muddy pavement, mauling each other. I 
separated them with dil^culty and stood them on 
their feet. Off they rushed again in opposite direc- 
tions. I caught Mary on some one's porch, trying 
to ring the bell, while Margaret had disappeared 
around the corner of a house. People were standing 
on the corners laughing, and in every house families 
were at windows, having a good time over my trou- 
bles. I was warm and red with embarrassment. 

"Getting those blessed twins together again, we 
came to a yard that iiad recently been spaded for a 
lawn. Both babies made a rush for it and stuffed 
handfuls of red mud in their mouths. While I was 
getting the dirt away from one of them, the other 
wallowed at my feet. You can imagine how those 
white frocks looked by this time. One rushed at 
the other and tore a bow from her sister's bonnet. 
This accomplished, she fell flat on the ground and 
thrust it up at me, yelling: 'Take! Take!' There 
was nothing for me to do now but to carry them, for 
they refused to budge from the dirt. I took a 30- 
pound baby under each arm and started for home. 
One began pulling hairpins from under my hat and 
throwing them away, while the other tore at my col- 
lar with muddy fingers. Then they tried to tear off 
my hat, but 1 resisted that. They kicked out their 
legs behind, and yelled lustily, but I hastened along. 
" Ridiculous! I was the most ridiculous sight 
you can imagine when I turned a corner and met 
face to face a man in whom 1 am exceedingly inter- 
ested. 1 cut him dead, though he stopped. Their 
mother gave a gasp when she saw her babies. You 
could not ha\c told whether they were white or 
colored, and their coats descended to the cook-lady's 
children that very day. This is why I've lost my 
taste for angel children," concluded the meditative 
girl. "That man hasn't called since." 

States, and there are other high places that are hard 
to reach. Few there are who have attained the po- 
sition of a god, but the writer knew just such a man, 
not that he wanted the place, but that he had the 
honor thrust on him. He was an Irishman that the 
writer met in a little sea-coast town down in Central 
America. He was as peculiar looking a person as 
one would want to see anywhere. He was tall, 
broad shouldered, and his complexion was a dead 
white interspersed with a varied assortment of deep 
colored freckles. His hair was a bright red, and he 
would be a noticeable man anywhere. He was a 
graduate of an English university, and had a rollick- 
ing way of telling a thing that was simply irresisti- 

Now some of the interior tribes of that country 
are very superstitious and have never adopted the 
Christian religion, even in the diluted form present- 
ed by the native Catholicism, and the people inherit- 
ed the once common tradition that there would 
come a fair god out of the P^ast to rule over them. 
This belief is very common among the remote and 
uncivilized tribes, and it was a prime article of faith 
in the Aztec religion when Cortez appeared on the 
scene. Thus it came that when the Irishman, who 
was prospecting for gold, wandered into their col- 
lection of jacals, or huts, he was immediately recog- 
nized as the fair god they had been expecting for 
centuries. In one sense they were not far out of the 
way, for lie was unlike anything they had ever seen 
before, or, for that matter, unlike anyone anybody 
else had ever seen. So they concluded that as he 
had condescended to come among them out of the 
whole lot of Indian tribes it would be a good thing 
to hold on to him. His Irish-Spanish, and their In- 
dian-Spanish was the only bond in common in their 
communication. He soon caught on, and under- 
stood that he was regarded as a god while he re- 
mained peaceably, but that if he attempted to leave 
that was a sign that he was an impostor, and he 
would likely get the worst of it. 

They built him a house, and set him up in business. is they furnished the occasional bunch of ba- 
nanas, and he had several young men and women to 
wait on him. He was quick witted, and as he was 
consulted about everything he soon made some 
happy hits in the way of suggestion that fixed him 
in the heads and hearts of the people. He said that 
there was no money in it, but that it was not such a 
bad job, after all, but it had its drawbacks. Ordi- 
nary matters he could regulate satisfactorily, but his 
people got to requiring too much, and there was 
trouble ahead. Among other things they held him 
responsible -for the weather, and in a very dry time 
there was a good deal of trouble. In a protracted 
drouth he was waited on and informed, quietly, but 
firmly that there must be an end of this nonsense, 
and that if rain did not come pretty soon there 
would be a vacancy declared. 

He told them that it was necessary to have at 
least three incantations in the forest, alone. This 
they agreed to, but insisted that at least one of them 
accompany him, as a sort of guarantee of good 
faith. He assented, and the next night went with 
his guard a long distance to the north, built a fire 
and executed a Highland fling around it, while he 
roared out a Greek chorus. Then they returned. 
The next night he went farther away in another di- 
rection, and the seance was repeated. The third 
night he told them that he must be absolutely alone, 
and that then the rain would be sure to come. They 
assented and he started in the direction of the coast, 
and used his legs to such advantage that he got " off 
entirely," as he put it. 

That night there came up one of the terrible trop- 
ical storms, and the rains fell, and the wind blew till 
trees were uprooted and the village ,was nearly 
washed out of existence. The Indians were ap- 
palled. Some of the older ones declared afterward 
they saw him riding around among the clouds with 
an awful visage. They have never ceased to regret 
their rashness, and as for the Irishman, he says that 
while the job had its advantages there were also 
drawbacks that rendered it undesirable on the whole. 

homeless. He slept upon tlie Thames emk ^' 
for two nights. For two days he li:>,( ^"'""'o- 



In the nature of things it can not be the lot of 
many people to be the President of the United 


David Christie Murkay, the well-known author, 
told in print some time ago the story of the hard- 
ships of his first years in London. After carrying 
about his manuscripts in vain from one publishing 
house to another, he found himself penniless and 


On the third morning he was standing 
don bridge, looking gloomily into the black-" ^"' 
when the editor ai a newspaper who k "''• 
passed with a hasty nod. He hesitated l"'* ^'' 
him, and came back. ' ^^^^^\ 

" Oh, Murray," he cried, "you are just th 

want! Can you spare a couple of hours>" "^ 

"Yes," said Murray, dryly. 

"I want an article on— on Columbus fo,, 
row. Birthday article. Nothing labored- '''°°' 
dates. Something light, fanciful— you und ' 
Go to the office. You'll find paper and pe"^'""' 
Send it to my desk. And, oh, by the snl^\^^ 
not be there in time. We'll settle in ad- 
thrusting a couple of sovereigns into his lia„j 




' I wrote the article," said Murray 

" ■'"d louDi 

out long afterward that the birthdav of r„i , 
did not come for months. From that dav 
came to me. That man saved my life." ^'' 

Of almsgiving, as of the giving of advice, mayb, 

Its value all depends upon 
The way in which it's done. 


There is a small snail which is so fond of the u 
that it never comes to land, and it builds snchi 
capital boat for itself and its eggs that while I; 
ships are sinking and steamers are unable to (« 
the storm it tosses about in perfect safety, says tt; 
Philadelphia Press. 

The little snail is of a violet color and is tlierthi 
called lanthina. It has a small shell and thereof^ 
jects from the under part of the body a long, toiis|r 
like piece of flesh. This is the raft, and itisbuil; 
upon most scientific principles, for it has compan 
ments in it for air. It is broad and the air conipari 
ments are underneath, so that it cannot capsize. 

Moreover, the snail knows how to stow away 11- 
cargo, for the oldest eggs and those which hatch Itr 
soonest are placed in the center and the lightest a:; 
newest on the sides of the raft. The lanlhinah!:; 
its own air compartments by getting a globule ofa 
underneath its head, the body is then curved do« 
ward beneath the raft, and, the head being tilledo 
one side, the air rushes in and fills the spaces, \ 
feeds on a beautiful little jelly fish, which hasals 
raft-like form with a pretty little sail upon it, 11: 
they congregate in multitudes when theseaiscilc 

Sometimes specimens are washed upon thenoiil 
western coast of France, and when they are lim*- 
they give out a violet dye. 


The rice paper tree, one of the most intere*- 
of the flora of China, has recently been success!*; 
experimented with in Florida, where it now ««-^ 
ishes, with other sub-tropical and oriental spe«'> 
trees and shrubs, says the St. Louis RefiMic- " 
first transplanted in American soil the '■•^P""'^,, 
expressed doubts of its hardiness, '"^"""S ^^^ 
would be unable to stand the winters- h ^^^^^ 
fears have vanished, however, and it is now ^J^^ 
versal opinion that it is as well adapted '"^^ 
mate of this country as to that of the fam' 
ery Kingdom. ^..^jit 

It is a small tree, growing to a 1"^'?'"° „; 
fifteen feet, with a trunk or stem from ' ^^ ^, 
inches in diameter. Its canes, which '■'^j^^^.^y ; 
according to season, are large, soft and ^^^^^ 
form somewhat resembling that notice ^^^^^ 
the castor-bean plant. The celebrated^^^ ^,,, 
the product of this queer tree, is '"' j,j,.ol' 
slices of the pith, which is taken from t <-^ ,^ ^^^^; 
tree in beautiful cylinders several '"'^""^ „(asli'! 

The Chinese workmen apply "le ° •* ^^^^„i„g it' 
straight knife to these cylinders, ani. ^^^^^j^,; 
round either by rude machinery or t ^^ j„; 
ously pare the pith from '^^f^"'",^^- 
This operation makes a roll ot e.xi , „„,, -» 
the scroll being of equal thickness Ihr ^ °„,oiltd' 
a cylinder has thus been pared '|^^|'^^j(acc »'. 
weights are placed upon it until '^J-^^^ jjj ti' 
dered uniformly smooth throug 

''^"eth. fricepal'"°'!r 

It is altogether probable "^^' " -^^.j S"""' 
becomes an industry in the ^-J"' ,jib, 
primitive modes will all be done aw y 

'*» THE . INGLENOOK •». 


The o Cifcle ooo 

Bulsar. India. President; John R. Snyder. Belle- 
President; Otho Wenger. Sweetsers. Ind,. 
D Kosenberger. Covington, Ohio. Secretary and 
uniCBtiona to Ol'R Missionary Reading 


Elkins' class of young girls was not as 

irmtcrested in missions as they haci been. El- 

n,'.,ns who had lately joined the class, did not 

"^that the heathen "need as much attention 

'"(;iven them in these days. They are well 

\, gff as they are," and as the girls listened 

',!,usly, she added, " ' ignorance is bliss ' you 

r now what is the use of teaching them?" 

""Ihcr time she remarked to her teacher who was 

„ them to give more to foreign missions, " I do 

'^'see why you want us to double our contribu- 

,s ,t seems to me like pouring water through a 

. there is nothing to show for it. We never 

/,Ti,y visible results, worth speaking of." 

Mi*5 Elkins answered, " Can we not leave the re- 

ilts with God? He will bring in the sheaves in 

,„wii harvest time." 

|!\it the girls were much impressed by the views 

ENie, and Miss Elkins thought and prayed over 

le m.itter. She also mentioned it when writing to 

fiund. a missionary, lately returned from the 

t " What can I do to arouse their interest in for- 

gn missions?" she asked. 

n" time elapsed before she recei\'ed any re- 
yt(i this letter; but one e\'ening she found a post- 
1 awaiting her. On it was written: 

J},ar Friend :— CM at the express office for a package on 

iur5'!.iy morning. 

She thought very little about it, supposing it 
uld contajn " some curios colletted in her travels. 

ery kind of her, I am sure." 
On Thursday morning she went to the office and 
quired for a package, but there was none there. 
inking it will come later in the day, she walked 
ound the depot, into the waiting-room, where she 
as warmly welcomed by the conductor and bag- 
master, who appeared relieved by her coming. 
rli;re is what you are looking for," said the con- 
ctor, very cheerfully. 

Miss Elkins stopped short, a picture of astonish- 
int and dismay. " Why, what in the world? " she 

"She belongs to you," said the conductor, "You 
n read what is on the tag," and then he left, and 

:-;ikins looked at her. What she saw, was a 
lung girl, evidently about sixteen years of age; 
ill. but rather graceful, with glittering black 
s, and dark, swarthy skin. She was curiously 
led and could not speak English, at least she did 
1 reply to any questions, although she at once 
:w close to Miss Elkins, as if to claim her pro- 
ihon. "And here 1 was looking for a box of 
ws. shells, or fossils," she thought, ruefully. 
Whatever am 1 to do with her?" 
here was no luggage of any sort, so together 
y went to her home. The strange girl seemed at 

se. although she spoke very little, in broken 


rile evening mail brought a letter in which the 
ss.onary explained that she had brought this 
,s "'"^ ^" 'rom a mission school in Syria. She 
Used n"'' "u "'P'""' -'nd had been shamefully 
tn let h " '' "'^'"'^ Soing to educate her, and 
isiifl ", ^° ^"i°ng her own people to teach the 

lette ■ ™^?' ^°" '° '"^'^P her a few weeks," 
m^A'. '.'^"il' P'^^rhaps your girls will become ac- 
"""=d with Mao and so learn more about ■ visible 
;il th, .'"'■'i'S" missions. She is a Christian." 
""-,«acher understnnrt th,i thic ,„t» the 



&m Sunday a School ^St^ 


The largest Bible known is a Hebrew Bible in the 
Vatican, in inanuscript, weighing three hundred and 
twenty pounds, for which the Venetian Jews once 
offered Pope Julius II. its weight in gold, or about 
sixty-two thousand pounds sterling. And yet the 
substance of all this book is found in two simple 
precepts on which " hang all the law and the proph- 
ets." (Matt. 22: 35-40.) And the whole book, 
combined with the New Testament, can now be 
found in legible printed form weighing only one and 
one-eighth ounces. And this book is a collection of 
sixty-six different volumes, all of which can be read 
in one hundred and eighty hours, 
of less than three hours to a book. 

Compare these little simple tracts with the "Sa- 
cred Books of the East," of which the learned Max 
Muller has edited some fifty octavo volumes, 
article in the NiiicleciUk Cciiliiry this eminent 
writes concerning these cumbrous volumes as fol- 

an a\-erage time 

In : 


Wcr tr, I, "i""'^'" ""derstood that this was 
""^■^ to her letter. 

P'"l.''anr?v,''" ^^i^y <:harge. She was kind 


and the 


girls became very fond of her. 

"good 1 u ^""day school that she did the 
"y " I WT '^'^''^ *^ K*^'^ 'his simple testi- 

'ed no h'pi "^f °"' '" misery and filth, and re- 
'""mein "" "^'= '''"Is ' tried to love: then 

^"he do '"^ ""'^ "^ '''^^" ^"^'^ *° happy." 
'^«Svri3'^''f o' the school hour she sang in her 
' '" '°"gue, the hymn, 

^ " Just as I am, witliout one plea." 

»r tun'e""f';,'>?ttural words sung to the old fa- 
*"■ effort th, ■''" hearts; and without any 
'Sundaysrh 1 '^'^^' collection ever raised in 
""I neithe p° .*^' ^'^*" '" foreign missions. 
' *«cnibleH . '1 '^'^'^"'s, nor any of the girls 
"""^ 'gain f^ ■ ^'''tion to see Mao off, ever 
'O visible results " of foreign mis- 


"The sacred books of the Buddhists are perfectly 
appalling in their bulk. They are called the Trip- 
itaka, the Three Baskets, and were originally written 
in Pali, a vernacular form of Sanskrit. They have 
been translated into many languages, such as Chi- 
nese, Thibetan, and Manchu. They have also been 
written and published in various alphabets, not only 
in Devanagari, but in Singhalese, Burmese, and 
Siamese letters. The copy in nineteen volumes 
lately presented to the University of Oxford by the 
King of Siam contains the Pali text written in Siam- 
ese letters, but the language is always the same; it is 
the Pali or the vulgar tongue, as it was supposed to 
have been spoken by Buddha himself about five 
hundred B. C. After having been preserved for 
centuries by oral tradition, it was reduced for the 
first time to writing under King Vattagamani in 
eighty-eight-seventy-six B. C, the time when the 
truly literary period of India may be said to begin. 
But besides this Pali Canon there is another in San- 
skrit, and there are books in the Sanskrit Canon 
which are not to be found in the Pali Canon, and 
vice versa. 

"According to a tradition current among the 
southern as well as the northern Buddhists, the 
original Canon consisted of eighty-four thousand 
books, eighty-two thousand being ascribed to Bud- 
dha himself and two thousand to his disciples. 
Book, however, seems to have meant here no more 
than treatise or topic. 

" But as a matter of fact, the Pali Canon, consists, 
according to R. Spence Hardy, of two hundred 
se\enty-fi\e thousand two hundred and fifty-eight 
stanzas, and its commentary of three hundred sixty- 
one thousand five hundred and fifty stanzas, each 
stanza reckoned at thirty-two sj'llables. This would 
give us eight million eight hundred and eight thou- 
sand syllables for the text and ele\en million five 
hundred sixty-nine thousand six hundred syllables 
for the commentar)'. This is, of course, an enor- 
mous amount; the question is only whether R. 
Spence Hard)- and his assistants, who are responsi- 
ble for these statements, counted rightly. Professor 
Rhys Davis, by taking the average of words in ten 
leaves, arrives at much smaller sums, namely, at one 
million seven hundred fifty-two thousand eight hun- 
dred words for the Pali Canon, which in an English 
translation, as he says, would amount to about twice 
that number, or three million five hundred and five 
thousand words. Even this would be ample for a 
Bible; it would make the Buddhist Bible nearly fi\-e 
times as large as our own; but it seems to me that 
R. Spence Hardy's account is more likely to be 
correct. Professor Rhys Davis, by adopting the 
same plan of reckoning, brings the number of words 
in the Bible to about nine hundred thousand. We 
found it given at seven hundred seventy-three thou- 
sand six hundred and ninety-two. But who shall 

"The Kanjur consists of a hundred volumes in 
folio, the Tanjur of two hundred and twenty-five 
volumes, each volume weighing between four and 
fi\e pounds. This collection, published by com- 
mand of the Emperor of China, sells for si-x hun- 
dred and thirty pounds sterling. A copy of it is 
found at the India office. The Buriates, a Mongo- 
lian tribe converted to Buddhism, bartered seven 
thousand oxen for one copy of the Kanjur, and the 
same tribe paid twelve thousand silver rubles for a 
complete copy of both Kanjur and Tanjur. 

Fop * the * Wee * Folk 


" Mamma, mamma! " whispered the little girl at 
the window; " come softly! I think they are build- 
ing a nest! " There was a light step, a rustle of 
silken skirts, and a lady stood by the chair. She, 
too, looked out, not at the birds, but way beyond 
through the apple-boughs. "They?" she asked, 
dreamily; " who, dear love?" . 

" The robins," answered the child. " You are too 
high, mamma! Be soft! Right here, do you see? 
The dt^arest husband and wife, and he has the red- 
dest breast, and they have been talking so! Listen, 
mamma, just hear! " In her excitement she spoke 
so fast that the mate-robin heard, and stopped short, 
with a long straw in his bill, which was to serve as a 
foundation for his house. "Oh!" breathed the little 
girl, with a long sigh of relief, " he is going to stay, 
after all. I thought I had scared him away." 

" Mamma, mamma, there will be nestlings now, 
and the old birds will teach them to fly. I have 
longed to see it all my life, but I could not go to 
them, you know, and so they have come to me." 

The mother noted the faint tinge on the cheek, 
the bright look in the eye, and blessed the robins in 
her heart. 

"Yes, they have come to you, my bird— like to 
like— and you shall see them fly." 

But birdlings do not grow in a day, and the child 
watched from the great wheel-chair with patience 
born of suffering and a life of pain— watched until 
five round eggs Lay in the nest, tinted with heaven's 
own blue. 

At last— oh, the joy of it!— the blue shells broke, 
and five strange, soft things, with great eyes and 
yellow bills, nestled under the mother-wings— nes- 
tled and cuddled until the wings would hardly cover 
them, and the nest seemed all too small. 

The little giri rested on pillows now, in the wheel- 
chair; her mother lifted her when she looked down 
into the nest. 

" Mamma, how long will it be before the robins 
fly? " she asked. 

At last the wheel-chair stood alone by the window. 

The little giri lay very still within the curtained bed. 

" I must not miss it," she whispered, morning and 

night. "You will watch, mamma, dear, will you 

not, and wake me — when — the birdlings — fly?" 

The answer was always the same: " I am watch- 
ing, my own, I am watching! Lie still for a while 
and rest! " 

The times for resting grew longer and the times 
for waking short. 

"Is it sunset?" she asked. "Take me up, mam- 
ma. I have not said good-night to the robins in so 
very long." Tenderly the mother lifted her, while 
the sweet breath of the meadow came up on the 
breeze, and the leaves were quivering in the golden 
light. The red-breasted robin was winging his way- 
home; the brown mother was crooning a slumber 
song to her nest. The child stretched out her hands, 
the radiance glorifying face and hair. " Good-night, 
good-night, my birdlings! Mamma, see how the 
sun goes down! 'Twill be so beautiful— to-morrou- 
— I think they will not stay!" The head drooped 
wearily on the pillow that night. " \'ou will wake 
me — so early — mamma, dear! " 

And in the early morning One, long-awaited, 
came, and two went out into the sunrise, into the 
hush of the sweet young day — leaving a void in the 
old white house that nothing on earth could fill. 

"JoHNNV," queried the teacher of the new pupil, 
" do you know your alphabet? " 

" Yes'm," answered Johnny. 

" Well, then," continued the teacher, " what let- 
ter comes after A?" 

" All the rest of 'em," was the triumphant reply. 

A MQ-fHEK of twins one night heard a series of 

giggles proceeding from the neighborhood of the 

children's bed. "What are you laughing at?" she 

said. " O, nothing," replied Edith, one of the twins, 

"only you have given me two baths, and Alice none 

at all." 

■ • i 

" You never saw my hands as dirty as yours," 
said a mother to her little girl. " No, but grand- 
mother did," was the reply. 

»»» THE » INGLENOOK <""■ 


Few people have any correct idea of the amount 
of material it takes to feed the crew and passengers 
on a first-class steamship's voyaRe across the ocean. 
A writer in McClurc gives the following which wdl 
aid in the comprehension of the subject: 

Numerically, the largest of the three departments 
into which the operation of the biggest steamship .s 
divided is the one employed in looking after the 
wants of passengers. It is presided over by the 
purser, who, with the chief steward, is directly at 
the head of 300 men. This number includes nearly 
a hundred dining-room stewards, half a hundred 
bedroom stewards, nine stewardesses lo look after 
the wants of women passengers, cooks, scullions, 
and galley employeesof all sorts, storekeepers, linen- 
kecpers and half a dozen bootblacks. 

The list of stores required for a single voyage 
reads like the requisition sheet for an army. Here 
are a few of the items, copied from the order-book 
of the chief steward; 31,000 pounds of fresh meat 
(beef, mutton, and lamb), 2,000 head of chickens 
and ducks, 1,000 head of game (varied according to 
season), 25 tons of potatoes— tons, mind you!-i50 
barrels of flour, 6,000 pounds of ham and bacon, 10,- 
000 eggs, 6,400 pounds of sugar. 

These seem immense quantities; but they are, in 
most of the items named, the supplies for a single 
voyage, and this at a season of the year when travel 
is not at its height. With such things as fresh meat, 
poultry, game, eggs, and potatoes it is not practica- 
ble to slock for more than one voyage; but of salt 
meats, flour, and such supplies an overplus is carried, 
tn guard against want in case the ship should be de- 
layed. In the ordinary way, it is as certain as hu- 
man ingenuity can make it that the "Oceanic's" 
voyage will end on the sixth day after it began; but 
on any voyage she could remain at sea for twenty- 
five days before an actual famine would begin. 

In the old days it was customary to carry along a 
number of cows to supply the passengers with fresh 
milk. To supply the " Oceanic " with dairy products 
in this way, at least with any such abundance as now 
prevails, would be to turn her into a cattleship. 
llcr cold storage compartments contain, at the be- 
ginning of each voyage, 3,000 quarts of milk and 
cream, 5,000 pounds of butter, and 3,000 pounds of 

No less than twenty meals are served each day on 
the "Oceanic." There are three full meals— break- 
fast, luncheon, anil dinner^for the first cabin, for 
the second cabin, for the steerage, for the officers, 
and for the crew. In addition to these, the first and 
second cabin folk have bouillon in the morning, tea 
in the afternoon, and supper at night, if they care 
to impose so great a strain upon their stomachs. 

To serve so many meals a day to so many people 
naturally requires an immense number of dishes. 
There are 2,500 of each of the several varieties of 
plates, cups, and saucers most in use on the " Ocean 
ic "; and of silver knives, forks, and spoons there 
are 1,500 each. In the course of a voyage about 3,- 
000 pieces of china are broken. The washing of so 
• many dishes is, of itself, a considerable business. 
Kor the most part it is done by machinery. Large 
baskets full of the heavier dishes are lowered into 
tanks of boiling water, which cleanses them 
thoroughly. liut they arc all wiped by hand; and 
the silver and the more fragile china are washed by 
hand, a task that keeps fifteen men busy through 
the entire day. 

The "Oceanic's" laundry-bag accumulates 50,000 
pieces in the course of a voyage. The laundry work 
is not done on board; on the ship's arrival at Liver- 
pool, the pieces are sent to the company's general 
laundry there— a large establishment in which a 
force of eighty-five washerwomen and seamstresses 
are kept busy in washing and keeping in repair the 
linen of all the ships in the company's fleet. 

Unfortunately for the curiosity seeker and travel- 
ing public generally the submerged forest is on the 
opposite side of the lake from the railroad and the 
station of Monohon, and very few people ever see 
the phenomenon unless they take the time and 
pains necessary to reach it. 

Sam Coombs, the pioneer, has just been over to 
view the submerged forest, and he is very enthu- 
siastic concerning its beauties and mystery. He 
talks Chinook fluently, but with all his quizzing of 
the red-skinned inhabitants he has never learned 
anything that will throw any light on the history of 
the forest under water. The waters of the lake are 
very deep, and the bluffs back of the beach very 
precipitous, so that the only explanation of the 
freak is that either by an earthquake or some other 
means a great slide has been started in early times, 
and it went down as a mass until it found lodgment 
at the bottom of the lake. At this time one can see 
down into the glassy, mirror-like depths of the lake 
for thirty feet or more. Near the banks the forest 
trees are interlaced at various angles and in confu- 
sion, but further out in the deep water they stand 
straight, erect, and limbless and barkless, 100 feet 
tall. They are not petrified in the sense of being 
turned to stone, but they are preserved and appear 
to have stood there for ages. They are three feet 
through, some of them, and so firm in texture as to 
be scarcely affected by a knife blade. The great 
slide extended for some distance, and it would now 
be a dangerous piece of work for a steamer to at- 
tempt passage over the tops of these tall trees. 
Even now the water along shore is very deep, and 
a ten-foot pole would sink perpendicularly out of 
sight ten feet from shore line. 

All over this country are found strata of blue 
clay, which in the winter season are very treacher- 
ous, and, given the least bit of opportunity will 

Advertising Colatu 

The Inglenook readies far and wide among a ^ 
mainly agricultUTBl, and nearly all well-to-do. It affords 
ol reaching a cash purcliasing constituency. Advetti* '—ajfe. 

proved by the nianngeineiit will be inserted al i|,c ^^ii '"^'"' "lil ^ 
inch, cash vrilli the order, and no discount whatever forco'^'*'*"'*"*'^ 
Si.oo per inch, first and each succeeding time. Tub InclbiI''"'*^''"''** 
organ ol the church cnrrylne advertisements. * ' '^""ttH,^. 


'« Elgin, 111 

slide away, carrying everything above with them. 
This is the theory of the submerged forest of Lake 
Samamish. It probably was growing above one of 
these blue earth strata, and heavy rajns, or probably 
an earthquake, set it moving. The quantity of 
earth carried down was so great that the positions 
of the trees on the portion carried away were little 
affected. It is hardly to be believed that the earth 
suddenly sank down at this point and became a por- 
tion of the beautiful lake. 

Few such places exist. There is a place in the 
famous Tumwater Canon, on the line of the Great 
Northern, near Leavenworth, which is in some re- 
spects similar. At some early time a portion of the 
great mountain side came rushing down and buried 
itself at the bottom of the canon. Now there is a 
considerable lake, and in the center stand tall, limb- 
less trees, different in species from those growing 
along the canon. 

At Green Lake, near Georgetown, Colo., — a lake 
which is 10.000 feet above sea level—is a submerged 
forest of pine trees, some hundred feet tall, but not 
so numerous as in Lake Samamish. This same 
theory explains their presence as given above. 

We have moved from Mt. Morns, III. 
now selling Cap Goods exclusively. 

We are sending goods by mail to nearly every Si 
Union. Our motto is "best Goods al Lowest Pric ^'^'^.'-' 
for samples free to ' Se-, 

_^ _____ElgI^IIN»oL.. 

Something for Minister^ 

■' A Square Talk About the Inspiration of the Bible" 
title of a book brought out under the auspices of the'r'^ 
Fund and is furnished our ministers on receipt of five '' 
postage. It has about loo pages, is bound in cloth, and \% " 
and interesting reading. But we have the unparalleled at' 
of the book and 


to the end of the year for the price of the paper, fifiyct^. 
Send us fifty cents and you will get the hook free. Maker 
letter do the whole business. Fifty cents and you gel thetn. 
at once and this paper to New Year's day, and every week l? 
tween. In subscribing say that you are a minister of i: 
Brethren church. Address: 

22 and 24 S. State St., Elgin, Illinois, 

T HAVE sold ofl all niy expensive incubalors, liaving made a mottpn;-; 
one rayseU. It is tlie best I know in tlie business. OuiscoslltsLi.; 
S^.oo to make, and it holds and liatches 120 eggs at a time. N0I1L1 
but a real live incubator, a working niacliine I use lo theexcluiiiXElL 
others. I sell a complete blueprint plan that anybody can lollowinnutu 
Enclose a 2 cent stamp and I'll tell you all about it. .AddcMs: BUFFll 
VALLEY V01;LTRV FARM. Lewisburgh. Pennn. 

The Inglenook. 

The yleui, High-elass liitefapy Paper 
of the Bpothephood. 

Fingal's Cave is a grotto on the southwest coast 
of the Island of Staffa, about seven miles off the 
west coast of Mull, Scotland. It is 212 feet in 
length, 33 feet wide at the entrance and narrows to 
22 feet at the further end. At the opening it is 6o 
feet high, and the walls meet in a beautiful arch 
above basaltic pillars, which flanl; it on both sides. 
The floor of the cave is the sea, and at low tide the 
water is twenty feet deep. There are many stalac- 
tites of various beautiful tints between the pillars of 
dark gray basalt. The cave can be readily entered 
by small boats, except at extreme high tide. It is 
supposed to take its name from Fingal, the legend- 
ary hero of Gaelic poetry. 

Issued weekly. Ttie price is Si.oo a year, but we will send it to Jol rti.' 
er of these lines tot the rest o( lliis year on the teceipt of fifty cents 

It is a youth's paper that will be read by older p«opte. Evcrrlat"- 
will contain specially prepared articles on topics ol absoibing ulr^ 
Tbe best talent of the church will be repiesenlcd in its columu. - 
brightest writers in the world will he found in it Itoiii time to timc^ 

Timely articles on Nature and Natural History will appear ueenr 

Vourboy wants the paper, your gl'l wants It. vou want it, "il»" 
chance for you to brighten some young life by sending the paper m^ 
It's the best use for your fifty cents we can think ol. Uoo't ""»" 

furnish b>cm«» 

You will want a complete file and we can't agree 

Send for The Inglenook to-day and you'll gel all ol the issues 

(For Inglenook.) 

Birethren Publishing Ho"^'', 


■eiit, but li''f' ' 

A Good Book. 

Not only makes money for tlie agei . 
purchaser. We have such books for wide-awaK i 
Write us. Address: 

Hrethren Publishing Hol'SE, 
Subscription Department. 






I have a copyrighted process which will positively k^^^ ^ri K«'f"' 
desired length of lime. Formula and riglit to "^''\, pnefinO.K*' 
dollars. I, eler, by their leave, to E'd- A- Hutchison M^r _^^^^ .„^, 
aQd Charles Gibson. Auburn. 111., as to my ^^^.^^ 
cess also. When writing to them please enclose Sta"'P> 
ences given. Correspondence solicited 


Many years ago, even so far back that the tradi- 
tions of the oldest Siwash extend not thereto, there 
was some vast upheaval of mother earth on the 
shores of Lake Samamish that sent a portion of the 
big Newcastle hill sliding down into the lake, with 
its tall evergreen forest intact, and there it is to 
this day. About this time of the year the waters of 
the lake are at their lowest, and then the tops of 
the tallest of these big submerged trees are out of 
the water, but never more than ten or twelve inches. 


From the Mill to the Wearer ! Wholesale Pn^^^ 

We have had years of experience in making Brethren Clothi 

want. We make the cloth expressly for your use, and from it cut to measure an 

Know )"*' \^ 

your clothing. We deal direct with you, and do not sell to storekeepers 
can you get this opportunity. Send for samples and wholesale prices. 



Satisfaction g 

HamUton Woolen Mills Co., ^p 

221-223 Market Street. cHlCA^"' 


They have no place in storied page, 

Nor rest in marble shrine; 
They are past and gone with a perished age, 

They died and made no sign. 
Bui wDrk thai shall find its wages yet. 

And deeds that their God did not forget. 
Done for their love divine— 

These were the mourners and these shall be 
The crowns of their immortality. 

Oh, seek them not where sleep the dead. 

Ye shall not find their trace; 
No graven stone is at their head, 

No green grass hides their face; 
Bui sail and unseen in their silent grave — 

II may be the sand of a deep sea wave, 
Or a lonely desert place; 

Fur they needed no prayers and no mourning bell — 
They were tombed in true hearts that knew them well. 

They healed sick hearts till theirs were broken. 

And dried sad eyes till theirs lost sight; 
We shall know at last by a certain token 

Hqw tliey fought and fell in the fight. 
Salt tears of sorrow unbeheld, 

Passionate cries unchronicled, 
,And the silent strifes for the right 

Angels shall court them and earth shall sigh 
That she left her best children to battle and die. 

— Edwin Arnold. 


I There are cliff dwellers in the western and 
fcuthwestein part of the United States, and their 
Bstory and their lives form a very interesting 
|"''y._ It is not clear as to where they came 
|oni, as they have no records or reliable legends, 
Vt II IS regarded as pretty sure that they are a 
fmnantof some prehistoric race that sought their 
■resent method of living as a matter of protection. 
I t appears that in some remote geological age. 
I en the country was mainly under water, the 
t ^' P';ec"Pices along what was then the beach, 
r^' subjected to the action of the waves and the 
i IS, and were washed out inholes, crevices and 
Jges of fantastic shape and varying size. When 
L '7 ^''t^^ided in the course of time the cliffs 
I ■ "lis will account for the cliffs and caves, 

I '■''''''■ ™nietimes called. 

|rth" ''""^ '""Sine a race of people living farther 
>th'bv""''''''^''^°P'*^'^'^' "P°" ^"'' harried to 
iltini ' "'k'* *"''''"' ^"'' stronger tribe or tribes, 
line '" K '""'*'*' °' ""= weaker ones, and their 
S m these inaccessible places we will have 

,g ottt""?'"' ^°''- '" ^" pi-obabii'ty 5°™=- 

icilbe„. ? happened. The dwellings 

>"y mu h "r '" ^''''''="« are in all probabil- 

'" '"laein '*^"'^' "^ ""='■■ progenitors, rf 

h"' which''- '"■"'P''°''s <=l'ff of bare stone, the 

""* you w n l,*""^" ""^ '"'° ^'"^'^■"=S' holes and 

(°* ''• on oj' f "^ ""^ ^'^^^ correctly before you. 

I"'' a small V ''"^ ''"^'^^'' y°" "^g"^^ '" your 

|'>'ll>recsij "["'"''"""■■■"dely constructed, with 

7*'^ rear >," ■'" "'"' "'^ '™" °' ""= <^''ff 'orm- 
f If the'led" ''^'" ''"'' " P''^""'^ °' '' "^''f* '*'"'''"■ 
f'"""^case fh " '^"^^^ enough, which is some- 
"is and the ""^ *'" '°^ '"'° °'' '"°''= dwellings, 
l''°°' ">at wa "^'i""' accretion of grown up pop- 
l""' '" some " separate homes, having built 
l!'''"i*cllin„ """^ 'he roof overhangs the floor 
f '' '^ "ecessa '" "''''" '° ^et to the next ter- 
r^'°"taian» "^^i '° '■''■"'' * notched pole that 
N the fall "^''°ff°'ty-five degrees. In some 
I ,°"". and in ^ '"" hundred feet if one 

" "°*s, the . °""^''^' one that the Inglenook 
"Plorer who lost his giip would 

turn end over end twenty-six hundred feet before 
he " lit " at the bottom. The winding paths in oth- 
er places are very narrow and tortuous. Inside 
the houses one finds only the fewest and most nec- 
essary things. A fireplace in the center of the 
room, some artistic native pottery in which the 
cooking is done, and a few great earthen jars for 
corn and water, and there you are. 

As to the people they are not very large or ath- 
letic, smoked and scraggy and very timid and ape- 
like in body. They are a frightened people, and 
suspicious of strangers. This they have inherited 
from their ancestors who, when the war party came 
after them, cooned it up into their homes as fast as 
they could and there they were safe as long as the 
food and water supply held out. The attacking 
party apparently did not stay long enough to starve 
them out, probably because there was no fond sup- 



pl>' at the bottom, and nothing to loot in case they 
did get them. So outside of the mere fun of sav- 
agery, killing something, there was nothing to 
gain by besieging the^jlace. 

The food supply for the most part seemed to 
ha\'e been corn, which is a native American grain. 
This they raised in little patches at the bottom of 
the cliff, or wherever they could, and it was nothing 
but what would be called nubbins at this day. Once 
ripened, shucked and shelled and packed up the hill 
and stored in great earllien jars the owner was safe 
for the season. Occasionally game or other wild 
animals were added to the larder, and if there was 
no raid they were happy. 

The dwellings are so high in places that from 
the ravine at the bottom nothing at ail can be seen. 
But with a good glass the houses can be made out, 
and people like specks on the wall are seen moving 
about. They are a timid uncommunicative lot, and 
not overjoyed to see strangers about their homes. 
Various stories are told of them and their treatment 
of strangers, but the writer went among them alone, 
as far as he wanted to climb, and had no trouble. 
He had a Winchester along in case of an accident, 
but there was not the slightest hostile demonstra- 
tion on the part of the natives, though it was clear 
that nobody wanted to adopt him. 

In a religious way they are sun worshipers if 
they are anything, and some of their festivals and 
great days are very interesting ceremonials. The 
writer saw none of these, but others have, and 
the accounts make very good reading. As a people 
they are nothing but a lot of human mud wasps, 
and it is not at all likely that they will ever be civil- 
ized in the sense of becoming like earth dwellers. 

sleepy old village in England there is a 
quaint little stone church which has stood for more 
than one century. It is a place for feathered 
songsters, and many birds attend service every Sun- 
day during the summer. One Sabbath the vicar on 
going up to the reading desk was astonished to see 
that under one cover of the open Bible was a newly 
constructed nest, in which reposed a robin red- 

Early in the week she and her mate must have 
settled on this place as a congenial home and dur- 
ing the days following had worked might and main 
to get things in shape for housekeeping. The vicar 
could not bear to disturb the robins, and so he pro- 
cured another Bible, allowing the pious birds to re- 
side in their chosen home for the rest of the season. 
Another pair of robins started nest building be- 
tween the antlers of a stuffed stag's head, which 
was placed in the main hall of a country home. 
Unfortunately for these birds they littered up the 
hall so with straw and dried leaves that the fastidi- 
ous housekeeper banished them and they had to 
seek a home elsewhere. 

Still another robin tried housekeeping in a dis- 
used tea kettle, which had been flung out in a cor- 
ner of the garden. 

Birds who shirk their natural duties are quite as 
apt to suffer as their human brethren. 

The cuckoo makes no nest of her own, but watch- 
ing her chance, lays her relatively small eggs in the 
nest of a more industrious member of the bird fami- 
ly. Once a mother cuckoo managed to insert an 
egg in the nest of a redstart which was in a small 
hole in a wall. The aperture was large enough for 
the redstarts to go in and out of, but when the baby 
cuckoo burst from its shell and was strong enough 
to try and shift for himself, he found he was too big 
to get out and so was a prisoner for life. His fos- 
ter parents fed him till they thought he was old 
enough to earn his own living and then they left 
him, so the poor cuckoo, through the laziness of his 
mamma, perished miserably. 

Perhaps the most absurd place for a nest ever dis- 
covered was in a cannon box, located at an army 
post. A sparrow was the bird to make her choice, 
and though the cannon was fired twice a day, it did 
not deter her from bringing up a healthy family of 
young sparrows, none of whom seemed to mind a 
home which was e\'en noisier than a New York flat! 
I am indebted to an English correspondent for 
the following anecdote: 

" In the year l888 a pair of great tilts built in a 
wooden letter box which stood in the road in the vil- 
lage of Rowfant, Sussex, into which letters, etc., were 
posted, and which was cleared daily. Unfortunate- 
ly one of the birds was killed by a boy, and the 
nest was not finished. In 1889 a pair completetl it 
and laid seven eggs, and were sitting, but one day 
an unusual number of postcards were dropped \n, 
nearly filling the box, and causing the birds to de- 
sert it, when the nest with the eggs was removed. 
In 1S90 a pair built a new nest, the hen laid seven 
eggs and succeeded in rearing five young, although 
the letters continued to be posted daily, and when 
taken out were often found lying on the back of 
the sitting bird, who never left the nest. The birds 
went in and out by the slit for the letters." 

It is a good thing that the Editor's head is hard 
and fast where it always was else the many words 
of praise for the Inglenook, heard at North Man- 
chester, had turned it, sure. Thanks to all. 

t99 THB » INGLENOOK » » » 

% Correspondence % 



Almost twenty centuries ago. when Egypt was a 
powerful country, when the lotus, the type of im- 
mortality, bloomed, and the paper reed flourished 
by the banks of the Nile, the events took place 
which Shakespeare records in the tragedy of Anto- 
ny and Cleopatra. 

Kulvia, Antony's wife dying, he marries Oc- 
tavia. but the wife and three children are finally de- 
serted for the fickle Cleopatra. 

Though Antony was brave and generous, yet his 
habits were selfishly luxuriant; an effeminate man, 
he was a hardy soldier, and making princes his vas- 
sals shows his pride and Imperiousness; drinking 
and jesting with his soldiers, yet he had a noble 
dignity of countenance. His forehead was large, 
nose aquiline, long beard, and something the same 
manly aspect that we see in the pictures of Hercu- 
les. Tradition says Antony was a descendant of 

Cleopatra was the widow of King Ptolemy: 
though now past thirty she enslaves the affections 
of Antony, as she had those of Cassar. Her beauty 
was not so remarkable, as her manners were fasci- 
nating and irresistible. Their first meeting was 
when she was commanded to meet him, and answer 
accusations of assisting Cie.sar in his war against 
Antony. The messenger sees the wonderful beauty 
and fascination of Cleopatra, and advises her to go 
in her best attire. She takes his advice; and 
Shakespeare here gives us a glimpse of grand. Ori- 
ental s[ilendoi" in his gorgeous description of her 
appearance on the ri\cr Cydnus. Her accomplish- 
ments were very great. She was able to speak 
most languages, and with her soft melodious voice, 
and her vivacity, she was extremely winning. She 
was used to every luxury wealth could command, 
and she and Antony went to Alexandria, there pass- 
ing their time in feasting and revelry, and establish- 
ing a society of their friends known as the " Inimi- 
table Livers," Later they formed another society, 
called " The Companions in Death," admitting theii 
immediate adherents. 

Antony might have been conqueror of the civil- 
ized world considering his great power. But his 
judgnu-nt and valor being subdued he flees di 
gracefully before C;usar. He felt the humiliation, 
and it finally resulted in his ruin, and the suicide of 
both him and Cleopatra. For risking all in one last 
battle, but deserted by his fleet and cavalry, he was 
defeated, and in a room in the palace in Alexandria, 
he falls on liis sword, but lives to meet Cleopatra 
and then soon expires. As she would have been 
taken captive to Rome, which her proud spirit 
could not endure, she seeks death in the easiest 
manner and dies by an aspic's bite. She said: 
"Come, mortal wretch 
With tliy sharp teelU this knot iiitrinsicute 
Of life at uiicc initie. 

As sweet as halm, as soft as air 
O Antony!" 

as gentle, 


" It is considered most improper for a native 
woman in the South Sea islands to expose her an- 
kles," said Miss Theodora Crosby, the author of 
" With the South Sea Islanders," who spent several 
years as a missionary in that field. 

"They are not particular about clothing their 
bodies, indeed seldom wear any covering above the 
waist unless you tiignify string upon string of beads, 
buttons and shells as such; to show the ankles, how- 
ever, is most immodest. The children, both girls 
and boys, run about absolutely nude, or at most 
with a fringe about their waists, hut when once a 
girl is put on the marriageable list, her mat skirt 
must reach so low that her ankles will not be ex- 
posed to view. 

•' It is also improper for a woman to go fishing 
with Any man other than her husband. She may go 
in bathing with members of the opposite sex as of- 
ten as she pleases, she may sleep in the same room. 
but she must not go fishing with them. I remem- 
ber how we of the mission shocked their sense of 
propriety. We went fishing with the men and 
thought nothing of it, but we refused to go bathing 
with them. We wore short skirts and high-necked 

and long-sleeved waists. I am sure they thought 
us as immodest as we thought them. 

The character and status of the women being an 
accurate indication of the degree of civilization 
which a people have attained would not put the 
South Sea islanders very high up in the scale. And 
yet the descent of rank through the female line 
gives the women a place of importance which it is 
hard at first to understand, realizing the inescapable 
social degradation of the sex. As a queen or re- 
gent she may have almost unlimited power, but she 
cannot eat even with the humblest man. A woman 
must not eat of the food prepared in the same oven 
as a man's, nor of many viands superstitiously re- 
served for the male sex. At birth she-is more un- 
welcomed than her brother, and more liable to be 
thrust alive into the grave. As a child she must 
eat no food that has chanced to touch her father's 
dish. As a wife she is subject to her husband's will 
and is cast off when no longer pleasing. Curiously 
enough, however, the men cook the food while on 
many of the islands the women accompany their 
husbands to battle. 

" Marital engagements are made by parents or 
friends, generally on the side of the woman, but 
quite often by both parties. As among the Eskimo 
and some other people there is no wedding cere- 
mony, though the groom sometimes throws a piece, 
of kapa about the bride and a nuptial feast is 
spread. Marriage tenure is very uncertain, depend- 
ing, so far as I have learned, on the will of the hus- 
band. Hut while such a relation lasts, so far as I 
know, there is no such thing as infidelity on either 

"Their religion, if it may be called such, is spirit- 
ism. They have no idols, no temples, no priests. 
They do obeisance to certain trees, rocks or slabs 
of coral, into which they suppose their spirits have 
entered. These ghosts or spirit stones are general- 
ly from one to three feet high. Small stones are 
laid around in a circle about two feet from the larg- 
er stone and inside of this the ground is covered 
with white pebbles. They are placed near and 
sometimes in the house. They have a special dia- 
lect which is used in speaking of or to their rulers 
or chiefs and in their worship. So different is this 
from the language used by the common people that 
it is easy to ascertain who the chiefs are, even 
among strangers. They have a peculiar little cus- 
tom of wishing to change names. It is their great- 
est token of friendship and confidence. But what 
would an American woman do with a South Sea Is- 
land woman's name? Certainly not use it as her 

" The women of Gilbert island dress their hair to 
stand straight out as a protection against the sun. 
The Marshall Islanders tie their locks in knots on 
the tops of their heads and ornament them with 
feathers and flowers. The Mortlock men wear their 
hair in rolls on the back of their necks, while the 
women let it fall in ringlets on either side of their 
face. In most of the islands the curious custom of 
slitting the lobe of the ear prevails among both 
men and women. This hole is sometimes enor- 
mously stretched and a wooden cylinder or tortoise 
shell is placed in it. In this cylinder or shell orna- 
ments or valuables are carried, soinetimes of two or 
three pounds weight in each ear. You can readily 
imagine it does not, in our eyes, add to the beauty 
of the women, though it does in theirs. Girls are 
often praised because these holes are of unusual 
^\z^.~ Lafayette McLazvs. 


The African Country Which Has Risen Against 
Us British Rulers. 


present trouble 

Ashanti — sometimes 
spelled Ashantee or Sianti-West Africa, is a sequel 
to the wars of 1S74 and 1895, in which Kings Co- 
phetua and Prempeh. respectively, were whipped 
into submission by the British, whom it is said they 
attacked at the instigation of French traders 

Trempeh. the successor of Cophetua, was ordered 
to pay a heavy indemnity in gold, and an attempt 
was made to secure the golden stool or throne chair 
o the k.ngs of Ashanti in default of part payment 
of the required mdemnity. Prempeh succeeded in 
h.d.ngth.s valuable seat, and British agents are al- 
leged to have kept up a still hunt for it until the 
firs week of the present month, when chey learned 
of Its whereabouts and made an attempt to get pos- 

precipitating a rising for u,k 
r Frederick Mitchell Hodl:' 

'ves are bcsi 

session of it, 

Governor, Si 

poorly prepared. While the nat: 

Kumassi, the capital, British troops are" l""-^"^^'" 

ried forward to disperse the savage wa '"^ '' 

whom the golden stool is a sacred emblem "°'*' 

Until recent years the horrible practice of 
sacrifice was so well established in A.k ■ ""' 

t u L u- 1 ■ . -^snanti thst 

ruler could have his subjects butchered s' i 
cause he took a fancy to do so. The Engl' t"' '' 
made strenuous efforts to bring the naf ■ 
some sort of cixilization, but, as there ar ^ "" 
000,000 of them, the task has not been an e ^ 

The King of Ashanti is said to have 3 ij/""' 
and he is so effeminate himself that a str '^ 
never certain of his sex until formally introT' 
Yet this King caused the most atrocious crin"'^ 
be committed, just because his fancy dictated '!" 
one time a town possessed three different pb 
execution. The one for private execution was 
the palace; the second, for public decapitation *' 
on the parade ground; and the third, for fetich , 
rifices, was in the sacred village of Bantama 

One of the horrible instruments of butchery « 
the execution bowl— a large basin of brass, son' 
five feet in diameter, ornamented with four snw 
lions and a number of round knobs all around 1 
rim, except at one part, where there is a space 1,, 
the victim's neck to rest on the edge. TheblooJ, 
the victims was allowed to putrefy in the bo«J 
and, leaves and certain herbs being added, it «i; 
considered a very valuable fetich medicine. 

Any great function was seized upon as an excust 
for human sacrifices. The King went every quatitr 
to pay his devotions to the shades of his anccstots 
at Bantama, and this demanded the death of Iwenlv 
men over the great bowl. On the death of am 
great personage two of the household slaves wn 
at once killed on the threshold of the door in orii^ 
to attend their master immediately in his new lii, 
and his grave was afterward lined with the bodip 
of more slaves, who were to form his retinue in the 
spirit world. It was thought all the better if, du( 
ing the burial, one of the attendant mourners cobIi 
be stunned by a club, dropped, still breathing, inli 
the grave before it was filled in. In thecaseofj 
great lady dying, slave girls were the victims. 

Death penalties were dealt out upon the slighle-i 
provocation. If a man found a nugget of gold p: 
anything else of value and did not carry it at ona 
to the King, he was liable to decapitation. Thi 
lust for blood seemed to grow upon the people, anJ 
at public executions tortures were resorted toino: 
der to satisfy the spectators. 

There were two ways to escape execution wnn 
once a man was selected. One was to repeat IN 
"King's oath," a certain formula of words, b*' 
they could gag him; the other was to break l»o"' 
from his captors and run as far as the BanUn 
Kumassi cross roads. If he could reach this pn" 
before being overtaken he was allowed to go Iw 
In order to guard against their prisoners getting^"' 
by either of these methods the executioners " 
spring on the intended victim from behind, » 
while one bound his hands behind his backanol '' 
drove a knife through both his cheeks, which * 
tually prevented him from opening his nwut ^ 
speak, and in this horrible condition I"; "'^^^^ 
await his turn for execution. When the time £■ 

Id ni.w- 

bowl. *= 


rush for him and force him upon the 
one of them, using a large kind of a butcher ^^ 
would cut into the spine and so carve the h"^ ^^ 
The contract made between the King ■ ^^^^^, 
English government in 1874 <:""'*'"„, tui 
which provided for the abolition of '"^f. ':"J°(|S^| 


sacrifices were made until the expedi""" ^^ 
was undertaken. The objects of this "'^.^j „, 
were, besides putting an end to human sac 
wipe out slave-trading and raiding, to ins"^^^. J 
and security for the neighboring tribes, a ^^^ ^| 
tie the country and protect the <''^^''^'°^^„(.,]l ' 
trade. The expedition ended in i'"^ 

the Ashanti King. 

Engraving companies have *°""^'''?'*|,(,r' 
tracts with small countries to furnish ^ 
certain amount of stamps free of '^°*' '"^^^j 
designs are ordered in a few month- 
The engravers repay themselves by se _ 
quantity to dealers at high prices. _^ 
why some countries have changed 


I ling' 


• »» THE » INGLENOOK », 

^ jvlatape*;_Stadyj^ 



.j5 jn ingenious, intelligent and industri 

the empire 

pie fcducaiiu" i» spurred on by emolu 
""'nifof office, open to every child 
"" ns literar)' distinction. The literate are the 
"Moaacy. 1" '•'^ '^"^^ °^ ^" "'^''^ antipathy to 
""oners, foreign civilization and enterprise are 
'°"\d\y transforming the port cities. There is an 
"'" demand for English and the western sciences, 
"f'h are taught in our universities there. 
' , vertlieless, because of an alien on the throne, a 

■ t of rebellion permeates the entire empire. 
The' great secret organization, known as the " Vege- 
Uiians," is taking advantage of this unrest, and, by 
rapine and murder, making the empire an easy prey 
to the greed of the more civilized nations. 

The debasing effects of idolatry are universal. 
The condition of her women alone measures her 
sUcngth. There is no compulsory human sacrifice, 
but a widow may voluntarily commit suicide. To 

,-\ childless widow, dressed in scarlet and gold, 
in a richly decorated chair, was carried through the 
streets, to invite the public to see her hang herself. 
She hoped by this sacrifice to secure eternal happi- 
Hundreds of both se.xes, in holiday attire, at- 
tended the woman. She ascended the scaffold, wel- 
comed the crowd, then partook of a repast prepared 
[or her. An infant was placed upon the table 
and she caressed and adorned it with a necklace 
she had worn herself. The woman then took a bas- 
ket containing rice, herbs and flou-ers, and while 
scattering them among t]ie crowd, made a short ad- 
Jress, thanking them for their attendance. A sa- 
lute of bombards announced the arrival of the time 
if the execution. The victim ascertained the fit- 
less of the noose by deliberately placing her head 
nio it, then, withdrawing her head, bade a final 
lieu, readjusted the noose, threw a red handker- 
Aief over her head, and the supports were taken 
!«ay. With extraordinary self-possession the dy- 
ing woman clasped her hands before her and con- 
inned to hold them out toward the people until the 
Mvulsions of strangulation lessened. 
Ifa woman is the mother of sons, is faithful to 
*e idols and patiently endures all suffering the 
-hinese believe she may be reborn into the soul of 
"■an. Herein lies her only hope of heaven. She 
Bs no redress, however grievous the wrong done 
f". but to take her own life. But if she does this 

any reason except as a sacrifice on account of 
P"w,dmvhood, she is denied a coffin at burial, can- 
Hern'r'"""'""''^'' ^s a man, but must go through 
;. ™ily a naked, hungry, homeless wanderer. 

deed must be the life which drives 


'" kusband 

t'ouEht t '^™'"' ^'"^ ''^y^ afterwards she wa's 

elo h""'''"''™"''''"™ ?=•'" ""'' starvation, 

'"WiuMreTT" "'"" ''°"ghing edges, nearly 

miinches I '^ '^^''"'' cesophagus, two and one- 

in length and one and one-fourth inches 

Hard ind, 
lli -.. 

"ease: On account of brutal treatment by 
l»llm„ k ^ ^™man attempted to take her life by 
'™'"g her throat -■ ■ ' 

10 ■ 


cause they know nothing of the human body believ- 
ing .t to be sacrilege to cut or mar the remains after 
death^ They have many remedies, a few of which 
are eftcently and w.selv used, but there is no science 
m Chmese medicine. They administer insects of 
various kinds; finger nails and tiger's teeth are some- 
Umes given and all sorts of foul decoctions, h is 
believed that disease is communicated by evil 
spirits. Often the first thing given a newborn babe 
IS a dose of cinnabar, to purge it of evil spirits 
Sometimes, because of an overdose, the child is poi- 
soned. I have had a few such brought to me with 
almost every joint in the body displaced. 

The largest part of Chinese medicine consists of 
sorcery, incantations and sacrifices to idols. I was 
called to see a woman sick unto death. I told her 
husband I could do nothing for her, but I was im- 
portuned to stay all day and far into the night, just 
to do what I could to alleviate suffering. About 
10 P. M. I heard the voices of many people in the 
open court outside. My Chinese assistant said- ■■ Do 
not be troubled; this is a great idolatrous family and 
very wealthy; they have called a sorcerer." On 
looking out I saw at least a hundred people gather- 
ed about a man, who looked a demon incarnate. He 
was nude to the waist, his long black hair disheveled, 
frothing at the mouth and running hither and yon 
about the court. Suddenly he sat down and began 
to speak. I listened eagerly, hoping he would ad- 
vise the family to dismiss me, but to my dismay his 
first words were: "The woman will live if you keep 
the foreign doctor." I knew then I must remain un- 
til they chose to let me go, for"was not this the 
voice of the gods?" Soon the sorcerer- came in 
with a pan of live coals and passed them over my 
head and over the head of the dying woman in order 
to exorcise any evil spirit which might possess either 
my patient or myself. The family finally permitted 
me to go with the assurance that they realized I was 
called too late, but had done all that could be done. 
The Chinese have all the qualities of mind and heart 
which make up a noble nature when enlightened by 
Christianity. They have only good will toward 
Americans. The name of my country and my title 
as physician were safe passports for me even in trou- 
blous times. — Ka/ie Corey Ford, M. D. 

ful of earth, some images, possibly a pipe or two 

AM T I' ■■°"^'' "^""f--":'"'" of stone or metal. 
All that he will get will not repay the labor viewed 
from a money point of view, but if he has the in- 
stincts of an antiquary or archsologist, -he will be 
amply repaid. 

The mound builders were a stationary people 
possessed of none of the wandering instinct of the 
wilder red man. They built towns, cultivated the 
ground, and mined the minerals at hand. True all 
this was done in a very primitive sort of way, but it 
IS more than the later red man did at all The 
meaning of it is that the mound builders were much 
farther advanced in the arts than the common Indi- 
an of to-day. That they were of a different race is 
also shown in the shape of their skulls, which con- 
form to nothing so much as the Central American 
type of prehistoric man. 

There will be found different kinds of mounds 
some of which were intended as places of sepulture' 
others as temples or places for religious rites, while 
the largest of them, often shaped like huge animals, 
were fortifications for common defense. The like- 
liest place to find human remains is in the smaller 
circular mounds. It is a pity that there is no record 
of these people, who they were, where they came 
from and what become of them. But so it is. All 
that is related concerning their origin or disappear- 
ance is the merest conjecture. 



' «idth. 

On eith 

er side the carotid arteries and 
Again "'""''"posed. 

S^in 1 wac /-all 1 

"8" said 1 H " see a woman whom the mes- 

■'aors" I , "'^'" °^ ''<='■ tongue with a pair of 
found her in almost a state of coll— =» 

'001 h 


= ' could suture the wound. 

ren are the principal sufferers by 

^r.t U:__ 1- . , * ' 

"w the 


*nism. F, 

V "'fi^yea""' , '"S is begun when a child is 
'^*the ch ij '' '^''^s two strong women 

f'^uSercrra ,""'' '°'' "'^ '''■" "'"'= """'hs the 
**"''' is scie re ^''^'^P* "^^"^ f'om exhaustion'. If 
"°*'l'ful one" *" '^""'^ "° ''■■"' '■""Ifs follow; 

"""'I- I har'r' ''""''^Se the foot gangrene is 

mV"'" foot '( '° ^™P"fafe toes, sometimes 

"'" ^nd sn'r„i ''.'^''''■ Poot binding is a badge 


b, -"fen r, ;•■-"""• This idea is held by 
f^' '"""Shi ,0 y '""^ girl abo 



'as V 


ut seven years old 

put unn/ r"' S^^grenous toes 

"■■tne influence of chloroform she 


^s to know whether I would cut 

"g to |, 

■"om her that the reason for 

■s 10 lose h*» f i«-u3uii iwi 

^gaiti. ^^ '*^^' was that they might be 



^'^ entirely ignorant of 

surgery, be_ 

A GREAT many artificial mounds are found all over 
the country, from the northern lakes all the way to 
the Gulf of Mexico. Probably in the vicinity of the 
homes of Inglenook readers there are these curious 
mounds and hills made by the hands of a forgotten 
people. There is a natural wonder attaches to these 
productions, and many have been the surmises rela- 
tive to those who built them. 

The best authorities agree on certain points rela- 
tive to the builders, and among these points of con- 
cordance is the almost certain fact that the red Indi- 
an found in the time of the discovery of this country 
was not the same class of men as those who built 
the mounds. Thej' antedated the red man's coming, 
and it may have been that our Indians drove them 
out. There has been no record left as to what be- 
came of them. When it comes to the consideration 
of the question as to where they came from the an- 
swers are confusing. No two of the writers agree 
on the matter. Some say they were the emigrants 
from the Central American vanished races, others 
that the red Indian drove them out, and that the 
mound builders are the progenitors of the Yucatan 
city builders. Others take the view that they are 
native, people of the soil. The facts are that all we 
know about where they came from, or what became 
of them is simply guess work. It is certain, how- 
ever, that they were a different sort of man from our 
Indians. They, the mound builders, were far in ad- 
vance of the common Indian in every way, perhaps, 
save the qualities of the warrior. The mound 
building man understood agriculture in a limited 
sort of way, and he was a metal worker and under- 
stood the art of weaving cloth. The red Indian 
knew little or none of these things. 

If any Inglenooker has access to a mound where 
he can excavate, and if he cares to do it, he should 
cut straight through it, from side to side, with a 
shovel, as he might cut down an apple. He will 
probably find, about half way down, a strata of baked 
earth, possiblj- where something was sacrificed, and 
a little lower, he will, in all probabilit)' find human 
remains, ready to go to pieces at a touch. He may 
find, if he works carefully, examining every sho\'el- | 

It may interest American boys to know that two 
boys paid their way through college by selling a 
rare kind of Tiger Beetle. It seems that beetles of 
this species are very rare; and at the time of which 
we write, the spring of 1878, a single specimen sold 
at twenty-five dollars. There was a great demand 
for them on the part of scientists and museums. 
Professor Snow, of the Kansas University, Law- 
rence, Kans.. told two of his students that he be- 
lieved these beetles could be found in Western 
Kansas, and the three set forth on an expedition to 
find them. In Wallace County, so many beetles of 
this species were captured, that each of the young 
men sold his one-third interest in the collection to 
Professor Snow for enough money to pay his way 
through college. Professor Snow then had one 
thousand beetles of this rare species in his posses- 
sion. He sold enough of them to make good his 
payment to the students and reimburse himself for 
the expenses of the expedition, and by exchanging 
the remainder he obtained a collection of nine thou- 
sand species of North American beetles, the largest 
collection, it is said, in the world. He still has a 
number of the rare species, and they are said to be 
the only available ones in the world for collectors. 
It is said that numerous expeditions have been 
made to Wallace County since, but no further traces 
of this rare member of the beetle family have been 
found. This particular species have no eyes and 
no wings, and have to feel their way, feeding on in- 
sects in the dusk of morning and evening. 


For exercise in expression the teacher daily asks 
her scholars to describe some of the happenings of 
the day at home. Little Minnie, loquitur: "When 
my papa went to go down into the woodshed the 
other evening, where it was dark, he slipped on the 
stair and strained his foot, and now he can't walk." 

Here another little girl was evidently reminded of 
something and she raised her hand and fluttered it 
to get the teacher's attention. 

"Well?" suggested the teacher. 

"Please, ma'am, when our cow came home from 
pasture last night she slipped in the mud right in 
front of the house and strained her milk, but she is 
able to walk just the same." 

A rat's tail is a wonderful thing. The great nat- 
uralist Cuvier says that there are more muscles in 
this curious appendage than are to be found in that 
part of the human anatomy which is most admired 
for its ingenious structure — namely, the hand. To 
the rat, in fact, its tail serves as a sort of hand, by 
means of which the animal is enabled to crawl along 
narrow ledges or other diflficult passages, using it to 
balance with or to gain a hold. It is prehensile, 
like the tails of some monkeys. By means of it the 
little beast can jump up heights otherwise inaccess- 
ible, employing it as a projectile spring. 

n.i. THE » IXGLENOOK »»» 


At Jiand w South StiiteSHicl, l-l»i'i'. II'""'' I'd^l. ;j-- ■ v " l'>^ 
> high (Trade p«pct rot Mgh Brsdc bov« and b'>1> »''» !"•' «<""' '«»"i'>e 
iNr.LENOoK wants contributions, bright, well written and ol general Interest, 
No love stories or any with killing or cruelty In them will be con.ldered. II 
TOU want your articles returned. If not available, send Btan.ped and ad- 
dresaed envelope. Send .,ib»erlpllon>. articles and everything Intended lor 
Tub Iwr.LHNOOK. to the lollowing address; 

IlnmiiiKt* CtiBI-ismsi; Hocst. Elgin. Illinois. 

Entered at the host Office J 

. as Second-class Mattel 

now TO DO OODD. 

No doubt but that thc-ri' art many readers of the 
iNfJI.F.NOOK who would be glad of an opportunity of 
doing good to others if the door .seemed open and 
available. Unfortunately we are so constituted that 
we are continually seeking some great thing to do, 
forgetting the little things that lie so close about us 
that we do not sec them. Allow us to suggest 
something in which all may have the pleasure of 
taking a part. 

All 'over the country are prisons and poorhouses. 
In one is kept the criminal class, and in the other 
the unfortunates in the race in life. It is not with- 
in the province o! the Christian to go back into 
elementary details too closely. The sick at heart 
and the poor are around us, and that is enough. 
They arc to be helped. How may it be done? 
Well, one good way, and a very acceptable one, we 
will tell. Take a Home, or a Retreat, or whatever 
you may elect to call it, and there are men and 
women who. for one reason and another, are to be 
cared for. Disguise it as wc may there is a feeling 
among the inmates that is not a pleasant one. 
They do not s.ay .anything. What's the use? 
Things arc as they are and it is too late to change 
them. Many men and women are sitting around, 
day after day, the great world having run away 
from them, and left them stranded, and some of 
them at the least, feel it keenly. All that they have 
in the world that they may call their own you could 
put in your pockets. Life is not very rosy in its 
outlook for them, and there is often a feeling that 
the milk of human kindness is dried up. Now here 
is where you may come in and start the door of the 
kingdom of heaven ajar for yourself. 

Send us 6fty cents, saying whether you want the 
In(;j.knook sent to poorhouse or prison, to either 
man or woman, and we will do the rest, and notify 
them and you of what has been done. If you have 
not the money your Sunday-school class might con- 
tribute it, together, and the result will be the same 
in the end. You'll not get your name in the Ingle- 
nook, but the Recording Angel will not fail to see 
it and note it down. 

which reads, "Blessed arc the placemakers," a 
phrase which has a racy flavor entirely at variance 
with the character of the readers of this curious old 
edition. Memories of Alice in "Wonderland" are 
renewed when the somewhat unfamiliar word 
" treacle " is applied to a Bible. This is the case 
with an edition of 1650, in which Jeremiah 8:22 
reads, " Is there no treacle, balm, in Gilead? " 

The same text, issued in l6og, substitutes " rosin " 
for treacle. Two years later the He-and-She Bibles 
were printed. They were so called from their ren- 
dering of Ruth 3: 15, the first giving it, " He went 
into the city," and the second substituting " she " for 


A more serious error occurred in 1631, when the 
Wicked Bible was published. The printer omitted 
the negative in the seventh commandment, and was 
promptly fined ;f300, a sum which meant more then 
than it docs now. In 1717 the Vinegar Bible was 
printed. The heading of the 20th chapter of Luke 
is called, " The parable of the vinegar," vineyard. 

Cotton Mather somewhere tells of a Bible printed 
prior to 1702 which makes King David exclaim: 
"Printers (princes) persecute him without cause " 
(Psalm 19:161), a phrase giving additional proof 
of David's skill at prophecy. In the first year of 
this century the Murderer's Bible made its appear- 
ance. The error indicated by the title occurs in the 
Book of Jude, the word " murderers " being used for 
" murmurers." 

The Standing Fishes Bible prints Ezekiel 52: 10 
in this way: " And it shall come to pass that the 
fishes will stand on it," and so on. The Wife-Hater 
Bible of 1810 aroused considerable criticism. The 
twenty-sixth verse of the fourteenth chapter of 
Luke was amended to read: " H any man come to 
me and hate not his father . . . yea, and his 
wife also," etc. The Ears-to-Ear Bible of the same 
year was so called from its rendering of Matthew 
13: 43: "Who has ears to ear, let him ear." 

Then followed in I823, the Rebekah's Camels Bi- 
ble, in which it is said: " Rebekah arose and her 
camels" (Genesis 24:61). The error which gave 
the first octavo Bible printed for the Bible society 
its curious name of the To- Remain Bible arose from 
an interesting chain of circumstances. 



The earliest known book printed from movable 
metal types was a Bible published by Gutenberg at 
Met?, in 1450. Krom that day to this it has been 
the chief product of the press. Therefore it is not 
to be wondered at that among the almost countless 
editions some are found which contain curious 
typographical mistakes. The printer of early days 
did not give careful attention to detail, and the 
proofreading of our forefathers was anything but 

One of the most noted of early Bibles was nick- 
named the Bug Bible ( 1551 1, from its rendering of 
Psalm 12:5: "Afraid of bugs by night." Our pres- 
ent version reads: " Terrors b\- night." The Geneva 
version is sometimes called the Breeches Bible, as 
it causes Genesis 3:7 to read: " Making themselves 
breeches out of figleaves." This translation of the 
Scriptures was the result of the labors of the Eng- 
lish exiles who h;id taken refuge in Geneva. It was 
the English family Bible through the reign of Eliz- 
abeth, and until supplanted by the present author*, 
ized edition of James I. 

In 1562 appeared the Peacemaker's Bible, so 
named from a typographical error in Matthew 5:9, 



Text: Seeking the Best. 

The preacher knows a man who is so co 
that he is continually seeking the best that ' ' "' 
people that he meets, and he has hosts and h " 
friends. That way is a good one, and it i \ 
oughly Christian. What is the usual method-' 
it not to say all the little mean things that w 1- 
about the people we. talk about, and then co 
mise with our consciences by saying, in a wealc 
of way, something favorable at the end of our 
ment? When people visit us we do not fiv 
plate of rotten apples, and then putting one 
sound apple on the side offer it to the guest 1 
every time we unkindly criticise our absent fri 
it is nothing but offering rotten apples. It ,s (,j„,_ 
if we have nothing good to offer to give nothin 
all. '''' 

Everybody has some good in him, and it is „„ 
duty to notice and talk about that. When 
comes to hear it he readily recognizes our love an, 
our charity and it helps him. He knows, furth- 
that he is safe in our hands in his absence. If. 
begets like, confidence breeds confidence, and Ini 
is the father and mother of children fair to lookun 
on. Once St. Paul wrote a letter to the church 
Corinth, and in it he mentions it, and ifyouii; 
hunt it up and obey it you will be loved by even 
body. It begins, "And now abideth faith, hopeamf 
love," and at the end of the chapter he says th' 
love is the greatest of all. 

After this, when you are tempted to retail soim 
tempting bit of evil, or at the least, undesirable gc 
sip, think of rotten apples, and put the thing awv 
from you, clear out of mind. In taking a walk n 
do not usually go up and down the back alleys, bu: 
we view the lawns and the flowers. So when n 
take a talk let us keep to the windward of evil it 
see the best side of the absent. The outside look- 
better than the seamy side. See to it that you tiir 
nobody inside out. 

Geokc.e Cakv Eggleston has written an article 
for the New York IVor/d odering some good advice 
to the boys who are about to finish their school- 
days. He says that in choosing a career no boy 
should be misled by the cry that the professions 
and higher walks of life are overcrowded. He says 
it is a melancholy but indisputable fact that the 
lower walks of industry are immeasurably more 
overcrowded. The best thing for the young man to 
do is to decidt: that the whole world is more or less 
overcrowded, but that ability backed by persistent 
industry can make a place for itself anywhere. Mr. 
Eggleston advises the boys to measure their capaci- 
ties without fear or favor, to find out what they can 
do best in a world that insists on capacity as the 
measure of reward, and then to equip themselves 
for that work as well as they can. The rest will 
take care of itself. Though one might qualify this 
advice with various " ifs " and " buts," it is funda- 
mentally correct. 


The mother who would have her children healil: 
must not be afraid to have them occasionally diH' 
While cleanliness is akin to godliness, there i> : 
clean dirt that comes from contact with the sun: 
earth that is wholesome. Have the little on 
bathed frequently, insist that they come to m« 
with immaculate hands and faces, but, betivc 
meals have them so dressed that they arc fret: 
run and romp as they will. 

An over-careful mother of an only chiH '"■» 
plained to a physician that her baby \v.iM ' 
delicate. He asked to see the child and lli< 

the veraniii 

looking a" 


It happened the other day on the cars. We, that 
is the IsGLENOOK, were seated just behind a middle- 
aged couple, apparently in the better walks of life. 
We couldn't help hearing, and he said: " Both of us 
are getting older, and wc have to travel the road 
alone as it now is. We have known each other for 
a long time. What do you say to our traveling the 
balance of the journey together? " Just then the 
stood in the aisle, and bawled out the 
all passengers for a certain point 
should get in the rear car, and by the time he was 
through with his story she had finished and they 
gathered up their traps and went back together 
Now wc are not a bit curious, and it is none of our 
business, but what did she say? 

brought in the two-year-old from 
where he had been seated on a rii]^ ^ 

picture-book. His dainty nainsook frock was sp« 
as were also the pink kid boots and silks"' 


" What that child needs is wholesome d'li 
the physician's verdict. " Put a gingham l!^ 
plain shoes on him and turn him loose on the '- 
or in the fresh earth. If he is not rosy a""" '' 
in a month, let me know." 

At the expiration of the prescribed time 1 
was transformed. The eyes that had ^"" ,,. 

red a healt 

were bright, the skin had acqui 
the arms and legs were plump, ai"! 
tired little patient had become a i<> 
The freedom, fresh air and clean d 

the l»"8' 

-oliickinS '' 

haJi " 

month's time, wrought a greater' 
child's system than all the skill of ''"= ■"' 
ternity could have effected. 


little school 


statement that 

Mothers who take their lim'; -^^■■- ,,, 

girls away for vacation should let them 
out of doors, fish in the brook, ride on '^^^ 
wear strong shoes and clothing of whn- ,j,ii- 
notbe too careful. A child is much bW^^^j, 
trammeled by too many " don ts. - „ ^ 

er is happier if she need not say 
hour in the day. 


Owing to the absence of th' 
oflice, while attending the Conference^^ 
"How the Bible was Made" w'" " 
next week. 






,, ,„j her brother Bob are tivo young people 
CaW B»'k'""^^j , „( ,he United States, and both arc 
i»8 '° ''f .u!" hurch. She is lifleen, and he is a little over 


,( the church 

The boy I 

out on a tour will 

th his Uncle John, and the 

Their father has kindly 

n the Inglenook. 

""' 'r«ilt< are corresponding 
»'"' "".. ,,IIl.>v their letters to appear 

L-ihe r 

;:tMnhVB7,khardts they are.] 

Manchester, Indian.v. June 6, igtxi. 
th Uncle 

T^'!^'b«,I'atThe Annual Meetin; 


We did not expect to be here, but it hap- 

and I am going to write you a letter tell- 

.haTlsaw. It was the biggest Conference that 

* "l and 1 tell you, Katie, there was a crowd 

*"""^^e It was held in a natural grove of large 

'""'' d as you have never been at a Big Meeting, 

of the old folks call it, I want to tell you 

,l,i„g of what it was like. 

The meeting proper began on Tuesday, but the 

li- had been coming in for a week beforehand, 

ihebi""est crowd of all was on the Sunday before 

opening of the Conference. The reason of this 

that the railroads ran cheap excursions from 

ar. and then all the country people in that 

,t i,( Indiana were there. How many do you sup- 

ist were present on Sunday? I heard it differ- 

lly estimated, and none of them put it at fewer 

;!,ooo people, and others said it was twice as 

■ .'\nyhow it was a big crowd. Most of them 

home at night, and when the meeting opened 

etc «ere not more than probably 10,000 people 

esent. The weather for the first few days was as 

igh it were made to order. 
All kinds of people were on the grounds, from 
e little tot to the man who was over one hundred 
arsold. I was introduced to him. He could talk 
d walk around all by himself, but he looked what 
jnt Hannah calls " doncey," that is, he was not 
ong. and seemed as though a little would topple 
nover. Then there were the usual peanut stands 
Iside of.the grounds, and the people selling this 
dlhal. But they had to do it outside, though they 
las close to the gate as they could. If they had 
ne in the police would have run them out. Some 
ieves were there, too, and people in cases lost 
tit pocketbooks at their hands. A good many 
imcn were robbed. You see they are all like you, 
eyhaven't any pockets, and somehow never seem 
e a place to put things, and the thieves in the 
Jwd just reached around and took it out of their 
nds. One woman raised quite a fuss when she 
"id out she was robbed. She said she would 
her pocketbook anywhere. When asked 
Bt she lost she said that she had in it two hair- 
is. a wooden toothpick, half a row of pins, a re- 
ipifor lemon pies, another receipt for freckles, 
«« 'head, a package of samples, a lock of hair, 

poetry, a ten cent piece and three pen- 
to see the thief, but she 


*ce of 

f She just wanted 

J 'th" r" ''"^^ "^'^ meeting is organized. You 
.'•he State Districts, like the Northern District 
|tti,r'"i *''"''^^^'' °f "'"e Districts, at their 
8>. elects a delegate to represent them, and 
,j„'''''""''icate that they are the right ones. 
■elina'tl '"""^ 'ogether, a few days before the 
,„''„>'°'"ganize and elect the office 
f ' "ftce „ tha, of Moderator, and 

■ 'ler,of Mt. Morris, 111., and he was a good 
','°"'e said he 

■ *•": District dele 

in'e>,i\^''^"'''"^' ^°'""''"«';. 'ha' is, itcon- 
'« there! " ''" ""■°"g'i 'hat one Conference. 
'"''hurch\''j°"'" '°'°' delegates, that is, if our 
"''elect,, ,'*° hundred members or over, it 

it was Bro. 

legates make what the church 

'"^ct two of 

""■and if 

" had b, 

's number, even sisters, to repre- 

but one. 

etween one and t