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Full text of "Inglenook, The (1909)"

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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/inglenook190911152bret 



*i kSl-enook: 



January 5, 1909 



One Dollar Per Year 



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New Year's Mottoes 

I asked the New Year for some motto sweet. 
Some rule of life by which to guide my feet ; 
I asked and paused. He answered, soft and 
low, 
" God's will to know." 

" Will knowledge, then, suffice, New Year? " 

I cried ; 
But ere the question into silence died 
The answer came : " Nay, this remember, 
too, 
God's will to do." 

Once more I asked, " Is there still more to 

tell? " 
And once again the answer sweetly fell: 
" Yea, this one thing all other things above, 
God's will to love." 

— Author Unknown. 






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EDUCATION IN CHINA=^C. F. Appleton 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 



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IS 







Exhibit at International Live Stock Exposition Chicago, 1908 



California 
Excursion 



Thursday, Jan. 14, 1909 



Will leave all points in Oklahoma for Butte Valley, California. An excursion 
will leave Chicago the same day; leaving Omaha, Nebraska and Kansas City, 
Missouri on Friday, January 15, 1909. All excursions will be consolidated at 
Cheyerme, Wyoming Saturday morning, January 16. For rates, routes and other 
information write to 



E. 



M. Cobb, 

Elgin, 111. 



Isaiah Wheeler, 

Oklahoma City, Okla., or 
Cerro aordo, III. 



D. C. Campbell, 

Colfax, Ind. 



or 



George L. McDonaugh, 

Colonization Agent Union Pacific R. R. 

Omaha, Neb. 









W. H. McDOEL, Prosldanl 



M. D. EARLY, Secretary 



MORRISON HUNTER, General Mgr. 



CALIFORNIA BUTTE VALLEY LAND COMPANY 

Macooel, Cal. Dec. 16^ 1908 

Mr. E. L. Lomax, G. P. A., U. P. R. R. 

Omaha J Neb. 
Dear Sir: — 

We, the members of the excursion to Butte 

Valley, California, leaving Oklahoma, Missouri, Iowa, 
Illinois and Kansas, in charge of your Messrs. Geo. 
L. McDonaugh, Isaiah Wheeler and E. M. Cobb, beg to 
take this method of expressing our appreciation of 
the service rendered by your railroad as well as the 
Southern Pacific and connecting lines, also the spe- 
cial attention and care given the party by your col- 
onization agents. 

We are delighted with Butte Valley located 
along the new main line of the Southern Pacific, 
and are very frank to say that this country was in 
no way misrepresented to us by your representatives, 
and we will take pleasure in recommending this loca- 
tion to our many friends who are awaiting our report. 
The best evidence of our faith in the possibilities 
of this Valley is the acreage purchased by this party. 







%c/ 











p. S. — For particulars of next excursion, Jan. 14, write Geo. L. McDonaugh, Omaha, Neb» 



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More About Miami Valley, 
New Mexico 



Are you seeking health? 

We have it as sure as this pure, rare mountain 
air brings it. 


Beautiful scenery 

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the eye upon. 


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Are you wanting wealth? 

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the days and weeks of cloudy weather, rain, 
snow, sleet, slush and mud back East and North. 

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Results Are What Count 



Results of Some Crops Raised in Idaho, 1908 






TIEIiD OP BEETS. 


A. C. Coonard, .. 6 18i^ 


Wm. Hansen, . . 


. 6 


16 


ITampa District. 


Geo. Duval 170 14 


Melcher & Boor, 


. 37 


15 


Tons 


Rogers' Farm. . . 20 24 


A, E. Wood, . . . 


. 18 


16 


Name Acres per A. 


Gough & Merrill,. 10 18 


P. A. Gregar, . 


. 6 


15 


Mark Austin, ... 35 IS 


A. V. Linder, ... 25 16 


R. F. Slone, . . . 


. 5 


15 


Company Farm, .90 16 


David Betts. ... 14 15 


Thos. Weir, . . . 


. 14 


23 


Allen Bissett. ..2 18 


Payette District 


Wm. Melcher, . 


. 21 


22 


Tolef Olsen 4 17% 


C. M. Williams, . 5 19 


S. Kiswander, . 


. 26 


17 


C. G. Nofziger, .5 19 


W. F. Ashinhurst, 3% 18 


John Ward, . . . 


. 10 


22 


Geo. Duval, 6 26 


E. E. Hunter, ... 27 16 


W. B. Ross, . . . 


. 5 


23 


Kampa District. 


Gough & Merrill, Oats 


100 


17 


The results of grain crop following the 


Joe Dickens, Wheat 


56 


20 


beet crop. 


Sugar Company, Barley 


60 


40 


Kind of Bushels 


Geo. Duval. Barley 


75 


35 


Grain per A. A. 


John Holtom, Wheat 


52 


20 


I. Hildreth. Wheat 58 15 


Albert Mickels, Oats 


90 


9 



These results are only from a few points and a few individuals. Some 
localities report even greater yields, and show the possibilities of the coun- 
try. The fruit crop was very good; many of the growers realized from $700 
to $800 an acre for their apple crop this year, clear of all expenses. More 
land was sold in Idaho in 1908 than in any previous year. Land is still cheap. 
Settlers are going in very fast and the best opportunities will soon be taken. 

Homeseeker Round Trip Rates are in effect on the first and third Tues- 
days of January and February, 1909, as follows : From Chicago to Black- 
foot, Idaho, $42.50; Boise, Idaho, $57.50; Butte, Montana, $42.50; Caldwell, 
Idaho, $57.50; Hailey, Idaho, $53.60; Huntington, Oregon, second-class, 
$57.50; Idaho Falls, Idaho, $42.50; Ketchum, Idaho, $54.60; Market Lake, 
Idaho, $42.50; Mountain Home, Idaho, $53.90; Nampa, Idaho, $57.20; On- 
tario, Oregon, $57.50; Pocatello, Idaho, $42.50; Salt Lake City, Utah, $39.00; 
Shoshone, Idaho, $49.00; Twin FaUs, Idaho, $50.80; Weiser, Idaho, $57.50. 

Colonist One Way Cheap Rates will be in effect from March 1 to April 
30, 1909, inclusive. 

Write at once for printed matter giving full particulars about Idaho and 
its possibilities, climate and other attractions. 



S. Bock 

Colonization Agent, Dayton, Ohio 



D. E. Burley 

Q.P.A.,O.S.L.R.R., Salt Lake City, Utah 



*l iCLt N0OK 



Vol. XI. 



January 5, 1909. 



No. 1. 



EDUCATION IN CHINA 



C. F. APPLETON 



THE educational system that existed in China at 
the beginning of the twentieth century is one 
of the oldest in the history of the world. The 
present Chinese characters were invented about four 
thousand years ago and the printing of books from 
blocks of wooden type was in vogue many centuries 
before Caxton produced his first printing press, and 
this method is still in common use in spite of the in- 
troduction of the most modern printing machinery 
from the West. 

The Chinese system of reading and writing is very 
difficult to acquire and it requires a number of years 
to become reasonably proficient in it. This is on 
account of the large number of different characters 
in use. Several English-Chinese dictionaries give a 
list of six thousand characters, but good native dic- 
tionaries define from forty to fifty thousand. When one 
considers that the foundation for this vast number 
is found in two hundred and fourteen radicals, the 
magnitude of the task and the ingenuity of the in- 
ventor may be more fully comprehended. 

Confucius, the Shakespeare of Chinese literature, 
was born 550 B. C. His classical writings and those 
of his students have been the principal books used in 
nearly all the native schools until the renovation of 
the educational system of this great empire. 

Before the Boxer troubles of 1900, a Chinese scholar 
could hold the degree of A. B. or A. M. and know 
practically nothing but reading and memorizing the 
classics and being able to write a literary essay con- 
sisting of the sayings of the ancient sages on any 
given topic. Such subjects as mathematics, geog- 
raphy, history, philosophy, and science were wholly 
unknown in the school curriculum. Probably the 
greatest incentive to education all these centuries has 
been the requirement of the government that all can- 
didates for official appointment must be literary grad- 
uates. 

Owing to several causes, this old system has passed 
away and a modern course of study has been out- 



lined and a new system is being established by the 
government as rapidly as possible. Some events lead- 
ing up to this far-reaching change in such an im- 
portant institution in the Middle Kingdom are as 
follows: 1. The China-Japan War of 1895 in which 
the millions of this country were defeated by their 
pigmy neighbors and " lost their face " before the 
world. 2. The Boxer troubles and the ensuing siege 
and capture of Peking — the Holy City — by the for- 
eign powers in 1900, revealing to the Chinese their 
weak points and the vanity of trusting in their false 
gods which could not deliver in time of need. 3. The 
Russo-Japanese War in which Japan, which had but 
recently broken off the shackles of the past and was 
pressing ahead for modern improvements, defeated a 
dangerous enemy of China. 4. The visit of the five 
commissioners sent out by the Chinese Government 
to investigate conditions in such countries as America, 
England, Germany, France, Japan, etc. All these 
movements have had their effect in bringing about the 
wonderful changes that are now taking place through- 
out this great nation. The first step was taken by the 
throne when it issued an edict abolishing the old plan 
of examination by which the literati had gained their 
honors for so many centuries. A new office was 
created in the government viz., the ministry of educa- 
tion. To this committee was entrusted the duty of 
drafting a new method of education suitable for the 
country such as would place her on a par in the 
literary world with other civilized nations. The new 
regime took the Japanese system for a model and 
outlined four grades of schools as follows: The 
primary school, the common school, the middle 
school and the high school. Each grade has a 
four years' course of study and a carefully prepared 
curriculum including the subjects taught in any up-to- 
date educational institution. 

In theory and as a tentative scheme, as it must nec- 
essarily be for a number of years, tlie new system has 



THE IXGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



been carefully planned and one might think that it 
should meet the need, but thus far it has failed to do 
so. This is due to two causes especially, viz., the lack 
of teachers and the lack of system in raising the need- 
ed funds for the maintenance of such a mammoth un- 
dertaking as contemplated in the plan. To provide 
suitable teachers for the education of the children of 
four hundred millions of people is not a task that can 
be accomplished in a year or even in a generation. All 
that was required of the school professor under the 
old regime was a knowledge of the native character 
with ability to write the same ; diligence in being at 
his desk from daylight till dark to hear the students 
recite, one by one, the ancient, unintelligible classics. 
But now new duties confront him. Other subjects 
must be taught of which he has no knowledge and in 
a way perfectly unknown to him. To meet this need 
the government has opened normal schools in many 
of the larger centers for the training of these teachers 
on more modern lines. Two courses of study, one 
for one year and the other for three years, have been 
prepared for these institutions, giving the students a 
very elementary knowledge of the subjects, which 
they are supposed to continue to study after leaving 
the training school. Teachers from America, Japan 
and other countries have been employed in these 
normal colleges as also in some important places in 
the high schools. The expense of foreign teachers 
and the difficulty of teaching through an interpreter 
have been serious objections to this method out of the 
difficulty. Another plan of late years has been fol- 
lowed quite extensively, of sending groups of picked 
young men abroad for a few years of training. Two 
years ago there were some ten thousand such students 
in Tokio alone, but on account of the jxjlitical agita- 
tions in Japan against the Chinese government, this 
number has been greatly decreased and more stu- 
dents are now being sent to the United States and 
Europe. Especially has this been the case since the 
American government has decided to remit the in- 
demnity imposed on this country after the Boxer 
troubles of 1900. 

Another solution for this problem is being found in 
the Christian mission schools which are the best 
equipped of any educational institutions in China, al- 
though the government still refuses to recognize them 
or grant their graduates any degrees. 

The second cause of failure in the new system is the 
lack of funds, due largely to the corruption of the 
officials and to the fact that the schools thus far are 
too much dependent upon the gifts and benefactions 
of the people for their maintenance. 

A large number of Anglo-Chinese schools are scat- 
tered throughout different sections of the country, but 
the students from these centers of learning are usually 
in search of a little English for business purposes, 
as English-speaking natives are in great demand and 



can command much larger salaries than their equals 
in other vocations. 

Such special scholars as law, medicine, forestry, 
etc., are not unknown in China but are few and far 
between at the present stage of development. 

The textbooks of the present day are undergoing 
great changes. The Commercial Press, one of the 
largest printing firms in China, has issued a series of 
Illustrated National Readers which are being distrib- 
uted. The old classical works are being read in the 
higher grades while their places in the lower classes 
are being filled by these modern books which are 
more simple and intelligible. 

For such studies as mathematics, geography, science, 
etc., translations from western authors are being put 
on the market to meet the present need. Transla- 
tions from Japanese works seem to have the pref- 
erence. A new English-Chinese dictionary of one 
hundred and twenty thousand words and phrases has 
just been published by the above-mentioned company. 

Truly China is in a tiansition period, politically, 
socially and educationally. The old dragon is at last 
rousing himself after a sleep of many centuries and 
time alone will reveal the results of the changes which 
are now taking place in the Celestial Empire. 

^* t^f tS^ 

ALPHABET OF AMERICAN 
AUTHORS 

G. FEGLEY. 
XXIII.— J. G. Whittier. 

Joiix Greenle.af Whittier was the son of a 
Quaker farmer, John Whittier, and was born Decem- 
ber 17, 1807, at East Haverhill, Mass. His father did 
not have much sympathy with his son's literary as- 
pirations, but his mother, Abigail Hussey Whittier, 
who was twentj'-one years younger than her husband, 
fully made up and more for the deficiency of the 
father. It was supposed that the brilliant black eyes 
of Mrs. Whittier and her son were inherited from the 
old colonial minister, Stephen Bachiler, who came to 
America at the age of seventy, founded cities, dis- 
puted with the preachers, and astonished everybody 
by getting married for the third time at the age of 
eighty-nine. 

Whittier was frail physically and his health had 
much to encounter in the " toughening process " of 
a New England farm, being in marked contrast with 
his ancestor, Thomas Whittier, who at sixty-eight 
was able to do his full share in building the oak- 
timbered house in 1688 in which five generations of 
Whittiers were born and lived. 

.At fourteen Whittier had read and was delighted 
with Burns' poems, and bought a copy of Shakespeare 
on his first trip to Boston. He borrowed and read 
Scott's novels, with the greatest delight. Reading 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



Burns stimulated him into making rliymes of his own. 
His sister Mary sent them to Wm. Lloyd Garrison's 
Newburyport Free Press, unknown to him. and great 
was his delight to read his " Exile's Departure " in the 
issue of June 8, 1826. 

Whittier had been working at farming and shoe- 
making, and wrote rhymes in leisure moments, and 
found them gladly accepted by Mr. Garrison, who 
drove over to see the bashful country boy who wrote 
such good verses. After considerable argument with 
the father. Garrison succeeded in getting his consent 
to the young man's going to Haverhill Academy, A. 
W. Thayer, editor of the Haverhill Gacette, agreeing 
to take him into his home. " He paid for one term 
of six months by making slippers, and for another 
by teaching school." In 1827-28 he published nearly 
one hundred poems in the Haverhill Gazette alone, 
under assumed names. 

In 1829 Garrison got him the position of editor of 
the American Manufacturer, a Boston protective tariiif 
paper, whicli he edited seven months, when he was 
called home by his father's sickness. For a time in 
1830 he was editor of the Haverhill Gazette, later 
going to Hartford, Conn., at request of George D. 
Prentice, the editor of the Nezv England Review, and 
acting as editor a year and a half, when he wrote the 
" Life of Brainard " and " Legends of New England.'' 
The subjects of these legends he afterwards worked 
over into his poems " Mogg Megone." " Bridal of 
Pennacook," " Cassandra Southwick," and " Mary 
Garvin." 

Returning home, he was in 1835 elected to the 
State legislature, and was reelected in 1836. He was 
in 1836 appointed secretary of the Anti-Slavery 
Society, and became editor of the Pennsylvania Free- 
man at Philadelphia. In 1840 he came to Amesbury 
and made it his home, and acted as correspondent of 
the National Era. In 1844 he took charge of the 
Lowell Standard, and in 1845-46 was the real editor 
of the Amesbury Transcript. He was corresponding 
editor of the Era from 1847 to 1850. When the 
Atlantic Monthly was founded in 1857 he had a sure 
mouthpiece for his productions. In 1858 he was made 
overseer of Harvard College, and in 1860 the college 
gave him the degree of A. M., and in 1866 that of 
LL. D. 

For many years Whittier lived in Amesbury with 
his mother and sister, and after their death passed 
much of his time with relatives at Danvers. He 
never married, although he was one of the old-school 
gentlemen in his attention to the opposite sex. He 
was by birth a Friend or Quaker. Honors were heaped 
upon him on his seventieth, eightieth and eighty-fourth 
birthdays, and he was delighted to hear " that the 
bells of St. Boniface, Winnipeg, Manitoba (celebrated 
in his "Red River Voyageur"), were rung for him 
at midnight of December 17, 18*^1." His verv last 



poem was a birthday offering to Oliver Wendell 
Holmes. He died after a brief illness at Hampton 
Falls, N. H., September 7, 1892. 

Whittier has been called " the Quaker poet," " the 
Hebrew poet," " the Prophet bard," but the name 
that fits him best of all is " the Poet of New England." 
His " Snow-bound " is a faithful chronicle of his 
youth on the farm. He lost all hopes of political 
preferment, if indeed he ever cared for it, when he 
espoused the Anti-Slavery cause, and his " Voices of 
Freedom " are trumpet-blasts ; the most defiant one 
is " Massachusetts to Virginia," and perhaps the bitter- 
est is " The Christian Slave." " Leaves from Margaret 
Smith's Journal " were poems, issued in 1836. " Songs 
of Labor " was issued in 1851, " The Chapel of the 
Hermits " and other poems, in 1853, " Home Ballads " 
in 1859. Other poems of note are " The Tent on the 
Beach " and " Among the Hills." A prose work, 
" The Stranger in Lowell," was issued in 1845 ; " Old 
Portraits and Modern Sketches" (biographical), was 
issued in 1850, and in 1854 " Literary Recreations and 
Miscellanies." 

The most of his prose is in the various papers he 
wrote for, and mucli has very likely lost its value, 
being of a controversial or current events nature. He 
was essentially a poet of nature ; he said he sat on 
his doorstep and wrote of what he saw from there. 
His poetry was full of fire and energy, grace and 
tenderness, simplicity and majesty; he has surpassed 
Spenser and Sidney ; he is the most thoroughly Amer- 
ican of all our native poets. 

Worthy of mention : Walt Whitman, prose-verse ; 
Samuel Woodworth, poetry; N. P. Willis, prose and 
poetry; Daniel Webster, orations; William Wirt, biog- 
raphy ; R. G. White, Shakespeare ; Constance F. 
Woolson, novels ; Mrs. A. D. T. Whitney, stories ; 
E. P. Whipple, criticism ; Gen. Lew Wallace, novels ; 
C. D. Warner, essays ; John Witherspoon, religious 
and political essays ; Francis Wayland, philosophy and 
economy; D. A. Wells, science and philosophy; E. E. 
White, education. 

Bryan, Ohio. 

(5* tS^ ^* 

I THINK we want to urge most strenuously upon 
young men the need, the absolute necessity, that in 
the appointed and demanded work of their life they 
should look for and should find the joy of their life. 
To do your work because you must ; to do your work 
as a slavery, and then, having got it done as speedily 
and easily as possible, to look somewhere else for en- 
joyment — that makes a ven,' dreary life. No man who 
works so does the best work. No man who works 
so lingers lovingly over his work and asks himself if 
there is not something he can do to make it more 
perfect. " My meat is to do the will of him that sent 
me, and to finish his work," said Jesus.^ — Phillips 
Brooks. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



PERSEVERANCE A PREREQUISITE 

TO SUCCESS 

J. CIIFLORA 



A GREAT many people have the idea that suc- 
cess in any vocation in life depends largely, if 
not altogether, on luck. 

Indeed, this is a mistaken idea, and the sooner the 
youth of our land are made to realize it the better 
it will be for them for the fact is, fortune, success, 
fame and position are never gained, except by bravely 
persevering in any course until the plans are finally ac- 
complished. Victory is only achieved by hard and 
persistent toil. In short you must carry a thing 
through if you want to be anybody or anything, no 
matter if it does cost you the pleasures of society or 
the thousand pearly gratifications of life. 

Show me a young man or woman who is waiting for 
luck to come his or her way and I will show you one 
who has never and will never accomplish anything, 
whose life is a failure ; but on the other hand show me 
one who is patiently and persistently toiling onward, — 
he is the one who will make a success of life. Read 
the histories of the lives of successful men and you 
will find this to be true in almost every instance. 

Newton said that he owed all of his greatness to 
persevering efforts; that whatever he had accom- 
plished more than the ordinary he had accomplished 
solely by the virtue of perseverance. 

Yea, many others who have won well-nigh imperish- 
able renown in the world of literature, science, or art, 
owe all their greatness to persevering efforts. They 
were once as weak and helpless as many of us, once as 
destitute of wisdom and power as an infant. Once 
the alphabet of the language which they wield with 
such magic effect was unknown to them. They toiled 
long to learn it, to get its sounds, and longer still 
to obtain the secret of its highest charm and mightiest 
pow^r, and even longer yet for those living, glorious 
thoughts which they bade it bear to an astonished and 
admiring world. 

Their characters which are now given to the world 
and will be to millions, yet unborn, as examples of 
greatness and goodness, were made by that untiring 
perseverance which marked their entire lives. 

Gibbon consumed nineteen years in writing his 
masterpiece. Gray spent eight years in writing his 
" Elegy in a Country Churchyard." 

Judson studied six years before he was enabled to 
preach a sermon in the Burmese language and labored 
seven years and four months in the mission field be- 
fore the first convert was baptized. 



Pythagoras spent thirty years in hard study, pre- 
paring for a teacher of science. 

Kepler, the author of the famous Kepler's laws in 
astronomy, in his attempt to find the exact shape of 
the orbits of the planets, worked for eight years, mak- 
ing nineteen different calculations and testing each one 
but failed each time. He did not give up but con- 
tinued to labor towards his much-desired end and 
finally succeeded in establishing his first and second 
laws and by persevering for ten years longer he was 
enabled to announce his third law. 

Hans Egede spent ten years in unavailing endeavors 
to gain access to a mission field and at length sur- 
rendered his charge, as pastor, still uncertain whether 
he would be able to secure cooperation or reach the 
desired place. After earnestly persevering for three 
years longer, despite the bitter opposition that he met, 
he obtained the needed help and was appointed mis- 
sionary to Greenland, his desired field. 

Columbus met much opposition when he conceived 
the idea of sailing around the world, but by his un- 
daunted courage ^and perseverance, after laboring for 
more than seven years, he succeeded in fitting up 
ships and after a long voyage he reached his much- 
desired haven, yea, even more than he expected in 
the discovery of a new world. 

These are only a few of the many examples of men 
who have reached fame and success by perseverance. 

Then does it not pay to persevere? Courage, when 
combined with energy and perseverance, will overcome 
difficulties apparently insurmountable. Perseverance, 
working in the right direction and when steadily 
practiced even by the most humble, will rarely fail 
of its reward. It inspires in the mind of all fair- 
minded people a friendly feeling. Who will not be- 
friend the persevering, energetic youth? He who 
perseveres in business amidst hardships and dis- 
couragements will always find ready and generous 
friends in times of need. 

It was by perseverance that the great pyramids of 
Eg}'pt, the Coliseum of Rome, and the great Chinese 
wall were built. 

Look at Nature. She has a thousand voices teach- 
ing lessons of perseverance. The lofty mountains 
are wearing down by slow degrees. The ocean is 
gradually, but surely filling up by the deposits from 
its thousand rivers and by the labor of a little in- 
sect so small as to be almost invisible to the naked 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



eye. Every shower of rain tends gradually to bring 
the hills and mountains down to the level of the 
plains. Then Nature's lesson is, "perseverance." 

How many of us when we think of the immense 
amount of work lying between us and the object of 
our desires are almost ready to give up in despair! 
We should not forget when we view the work in a 
mass that there is time enough, if only rightly im- 
proved, to suffice for each effort. Then do not become 
discouraged if results do not come so fast as you 
had expected. You cannot learn everything in a 
year or two years or even a lifetime, but if you will 
keep plodding on, step by step, you will arrive at your 
journey's end some day, however long it may be. 
Neither can you obtain wealth in a day, but patiently 
perform each task as it comes to you and if dark 
days come do not become discouraged but ever press 
onward, remembering that above the clouds the sun 
still shines. 

• Abraham Lincoln had for his motto, " Keep pegging 
away," and by working in harmony with his motto 
and continually " pegging away " he, in the face of 
the most extreme poverty, acquired a good practical 
education and lifted himself from the log cabin to the 
White House. 

Every one, then, regardless of his condition in life, 
should set his aim high and resolve to do everything 
in his power for its realization. 
ji jt ji 
COMMENT: CRITICAL AND OTHERWISE. 

RICHARD BRAUNSTEIN. 

What do you read? The other day I was read- 
ing over some parts of Les Miserables, and I wondered 
how such books as have their vogue today can get 
their prodigious audiences. Little thin, squeaky, ivory 
voices that they are, with their very clamor they drive 
out the round and resonant passages of the masters. 

But you tell me that you have read Miserables. If 
you have, read it again. There are books that can 
never be put into the past tense. We may read the 
Bible, we may read the philosophers, we may read 
Les Miserables, — but we can never read them out. 
Whenever the fundamental principles of life have been 
written into a book, that book is an eternal fount of 
life-giving, health-giving principles. It can no more 
be exhausted than can the living spring in the moun- 
tain fastnesses. But like it, they are only for the 
toilers — the climbers. The mediocrity of the lower 
levels is good enough for those who are content 
with the rivers — the sewers of God. The master- 
pieces are few — but they are filled with fissures in 
which the treasure waits for the seekers — there are 
no vapid areas of spiritual stagnation through which 
the soul must starve its way unfed and unsustained. 

I do not say that masterpieces are not written to- 
day, but when we throw the horde of things that sell 
by the hundreds of thousands into comparison with 



the books that have lasted through the years, it is a 
cruel contrast. It is like sitting down to a puppet 
show after enjoying the music of an old opera. 

Now and then we get a touch of the real. The 
old masters reveal a phase of real life — nay, they 
reveal life. They do not set pen to paper unless they 
have something to teach — something we ought to 
know, and something by which we will profit. All 
books teach — the question arises, what do they teach? 

The old books — and a few moderns — move with a 
touch of truth. But mostly the modern books are 
" make-ups " — idle tales devised of the idle hours of 
idle minds. They are without literary style. There 
is no masterful word painting. The record of crime, 
as printed in our daily papers is just as good reading. 
Every day, tons upon tons of trash appear, not 
worth the paper it is printed on. They are fireside 
tales of the nursery, made for the infantile intellects 
of grown-ups. They inspire no thoughts — they create 
no impulse. They kill time and thereby destroy the 
most precious thing we have. 

A book to be a good book must do three things: 
it must teach, entertain and stimulate pure thought. 
Books — good books — mould our characters. They 
are the foundation stones of our future knowledge. 
Literature influences. The masses, as a rule, are 
swayed by current literature, whether viewpoints 
of individuals are disguised as a piece of fiction, or 
openly introduced as an editorial utterance in a daily 
newspaper 

Why should we read merely to kill time ? Why not 
make it threefold? Why not learn, be entertained, 
and have our own thoughts quickened to action — to 
healthy, stimulating, inspiring action? We can re- 
place a great many losses, but hours of the past can- 
not be regained. Let us fill them, therefore, with 
profit. The certainty that opportunity is a fixed quan- 
tity, which we can by no effort increase, should spur 
us on to extract the uttermost from each hour we live. 
And yet, we who are careful to drive sharp bargains 
with our pennies, are very prodigal with our time. 
In nothing are we more so than in respect of books. 

You would not eat a bad orange at breakfast — those 
who are wise would no sooner read a bad book. 
Inane, inert, and lifeless literature is worse food for 
the soul than flat, tasteless products for the body. 
Cling to the verities. Leave the determination of 
literary fungi to the critics, and feed only on the food 
which the irrevocable verdict of time has found good. 
Then, if you have time to waste on the desserts of 
inconsequentiality.- — dip into the books with the pretty 
covers, dip into the hash produced by scatter-brains. 
If you have time to spare, to waste, dip into the rot 
called literature. Men, women and children must read 
good books. It is part of the work called " Promot- 
ing Christian knowledge " and it hastens to make us 
readv for the kingdom of God. 



THE INGLENOOK.— Tanuary 5, 1909. 



Around the World Without 

a Cent 

Henry M. Spickler 



Chapter XXXIX.— From Naples. 

" And God saw that it was good " — this world he 
had made. And I am seeing that it is good, too. 

I like to take just a map of travel in my hand and 
look over it, picking out its land and water markings, 
locating its cities full of wonderful people and interest- 
ing buildings. Tlie spirit of travel is upon me. The 
dry bread I munch by the wayside is a loaf of cake, 
chocolated by unseen hands and frosted by an innocent 
dairy maiden I saw in a country home. The la- 
borers I see, in old and patched stuff, are so many 
servants, working, with me, to make the great round 
ball more beautiful. They smile back at me because 
they divinely dis- 
cern that I am one 
with them, with the 
.Creator. What are 
all these seas for, if 
not for swift-sailing 
boats to carry to 
fragrant isles big 
loads of happy pas- 
sengers ? Why all 
these continents, so 
poorly developed as 
yet, but with their 
splendors to attract 
visitors and work- 
ers, if God did not 
mean that all of us, 
as many as chose, 
might sail over these 
seas and live awhile, 
here and there, and 

thus catch the health tliat different climates give, or 
receive the balance and poise and temper that change 
of scene always has to give so freely to worried folks 
too long in one place? 

Ah, I know I'm right. This world is a good place. 
I'd like to live here a million years. And I think I 
will. My body is less than my mind. My mind is 
less than my spirit. My spirit, it's big. It lives for- 
ever. It goes everywhere. It is at once a long jour- 
ney, a pleasant surprise, a wonderful city, a mountain 
scene, a good meal, a choice fruit, a dear glance of 
love, a tender caress of immortal affection. Mv bodv 




is the poorest of all of my ownership, but see what 
joy it is finding. To possess the glory of the world 
is not my desire, but to be it. To rob others from 
rights to property is not my care, but to enrich every- 
body by bringing them into their own, all the earth 
and other worlds if they can use them, is my wish. 

Now I roll out over the soft blue waves of the 
Bay of Naples in a little boat rowed by a strikingly 
handsome Italian. How he looks at me! But I trust 
him. He wants only his twenty centimes. My hand, 
scooping at the water as he pulls me past other boats, 
finds the sea warm and soft. The noise made by my 
hand running through the water, sings to my listen- 
ing ears and ex- 
pectant mind and 
throbbing heart a 
sweet melody that 
few but poets ever 
hear. But more of 
us are poets than the 
editors recog- 
nize. Our trouble is 
in our inabihty tO' 
tell it. The intoxi- 
cating effect of gen- 
uine pleasure in any 
fomi seeks to rob- 
us of the power tec 
crystallize the joy 
into symbols of lan- 
guage or other ex- 
pression so that oth- 
ers may share with 
us the exquisite 
boon that has been allowed to come to us. To test 
your poetical power, go with me, now, as I rock on 
the Bay of Naples, looking back at the city, now 
receding and fading, as old Vesuvius, growing 
bigger and plainer, blows the whisks of yellow 
smoke and red fire from the big pipe sticking 
right out of the top of her bald head. This is the same 
sea on which Paul sailed — in which he was ship- 
wrecked. The country I am leaving is the one that 
cut off his noble head. This is the sea of the Cartha- 
ginians. Here they fought with the Romans, and 
the Spaniards. On this sea sailed tlie triremes, wlien 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



lives of men, chained to a life slavery, pulled on 
oars too long and too heavy for their aching backs. 
Here they saw their own ship afire, roasting, one by 
one, the live bodies of their fellows, the lurid flames 
coming at last to feel, with hellish fingers, for their 
own bodies. 

But I am in the boat and it is taking me out to my 
beautiful steamer. Paul was here before me, and so 
I am safe. Yonder are the rocks, standing hundreds 
of feet from the water. There is magic caprice, with 
grottoes of broken rainbows playing with blue skies 
and crimson sunsets. But best of all — there's my 
ship, for my ship has come in! 

It is not a big liner. That is all right in its place. 
It is just a small boat, with graceful bow and gentle 
swell and moderate bulge, but big enough and higli 
enough out of the wa- 
ter, to be perfectly 
safe. Big enough for 
a thousand people, 
but carrying only a 
few passengers and 
much freight- 
age, products o f 
southern shores to 
Naples and products 
of northern colds for 
oriental folk. 

The boatman takes 
his money, looks up 
at the officers on 
deck, and rows back 
to the wharf. I pre- 
sent my ticket that 
calls for a berth " on 
deck " and meals. I 
choose the whole ship 
for my state room, 
but drop my wheel 
and bundles on the fore deck in front of the " bridge " 
and find a chair for my use on a two weeks' cruise on 
the Mediterranean. 

Two weeks ! I'm tired hustling for mj'self in the 
hot, dusty streets of Naples. Hotel Metropole was 
first-class in every respect and the price is all right. 
Sixty Americans besides myself testified to that. But 
now I am on a traveling hotel for two weeks, and 
my board is paid. My wheel can rest. So can I. 
The strong cylinders must push out and draw back 
the long, heavy arms that turn the shaft at the end 
of which are the big, flapping screw blades. Money 
will buy many things, but money cannot buy my pres- 
ent and prospective hope. Two weeks on the Med- 
iterranean! Why, I never thought of such a thing 
except in a day dream, and then only after inheriting 
some untold, unforeseen wealth. Two weeks on the 




" In the park I caught a picture of the huge elephant leaf and 
other strange foliage." 



Mediterranean ! Two weeks of gentle seas, warm 
zephyrs, green islands, tropical fruits, strange sights 
and loving skies. Two weeks of just going, going, 
and then going, with rest for my legs and sleep when 
I want it and reading and writing and eating good 
food, going to sleep on deck, floating on this blue 
sea, awaking in the morning, still floating on the 
Mediterranean, and then having a tasty, odorous 
breakfast brought me from the cabin. 

While I sleep tonight, I will be going around the 
world, moving forward, farther and farther from home. 
In Italy I slept out six diflferent nights in fields or parks, 
I found no trouble with mosquitoes or malaria, and 
I slept in the Campagna itself at night, once believed to 
be certain death by such exposure to a foreigner. I feel 
too good now to get sick from it. Feeling good is 

the best antidote for 
illness. I am sure 
that if I never feel 
worse than now I will 
have to be translated 
from this life. I will 
not die. 

The whistle has 
sounded the present 
departure of the 
steamer. She chums 
the water and begins 
to swing about, as 
the second mate leans 
over the high railing 
of the upper "bridge" 
and signals for clear- 
ance. 

Sweet music floats 
up to us from musi- 
cians in a rowboat 
pulling now from our 
stem and making for 
the ne.Kt incoming or outgoing passenger steamer. But 
the sweetest music of life is hidden in the inner ear. 
I hear that. 

Behind me lies Europe, Before me — two weeks of 
adventure in luxury, or danger, I know not. 

" Thou art gone, the abyss hath swallowed up thy form; 
Yet on my heart deeply the lesson thou hast wrought, 
That shall not soon depart. 
He who from zone to zone 

Guides through the boundless sky thy certain flight. 
In the long way that I must tread alone. 
Will lead my steps aright." 

And so the next day we came into the classic Bay 
of Palermo. This is the capital of the Island of 
Sicily and its chief city. It is Sunday noon and I will 
go on land two days. I am half afraid the sailors 
are playing a joke on me and when I get on land the 
boat will leave in the night. So I go to the head man. 



8 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5. 1909. 



the captain, whose picture taken by me on the Letim- 
bro will be shown soon. He assured me that hi; 
vessel would be in port two days. It was just what I 
wanted, for two days would give me ample time to get 
around and explore things. A better boat I could 
not have taken. I went directly to the big Hotel de 
France and was given a fine room and cared for at 
the table just as well as a favorite guest could have 
been treated. Like a true democrat, I went and came 
at my pleasure, careful to be around during the meal 
hours when the large dining-room doors opened and 
closed at the touch of a native servant in black dress 
and white bosom and curled moustache. 

I was ready to sail away at the end of the first day, 
and that evening a message reached me at the hotel that 
the boat would leave during the early night. So my 
precautions had not been in vain. It pays to be care- 
ful and to look out for your own interests when those 
interests are purely unselfish. In the park near the 
hotel I caught a picture of the huge elephant leaf 
and other strange foliage growing about the foun- 
tain that sprayed the water drops about in the bright- 
est sunshine I have seen. On the streets, little donkeys, 
laden with fruit and children and curious trappings 
and bells, stumbled along over frisking dogs, barely 
getting out of the way of a motley crowd of pedes- 
trians whose color of skin ran all the way from a 
negro black to a flaxen fairness, — their blood the mix- 
ture of a dozen races. 

AU Rights Reserved. 

t^ t5* t^ 

A LEGEND. 

H. M. FOGELSONGER. 

In a cottage by the roadside once lived a maiden 
and her mother. They lived alone. The maiden's 
father had gone to rest a few weeks before this legend 
begins, and they buried him in a churchyard not far 
from the cottage. It was in the summertime. Daily 
the maiden gathered flowers and carried them to her 
father's grave, marked by a fresh mound in the green 
grass. When the maid gave her daily oflfering of 
flowers she wept, wept bitterly, and the dead silence 
of the place was broken by her stifled sobs. 

One day when she was plucking the flowers in 
the garden a cloud came over the sun. The maiden's 
heart became heavier. " Just so a cloud has come 
over my soul," she said to herself, " since father is 
not here." She arranged her flowers and made her 
way to the churchyard. The creaking of the iron 
gate seemed to cut deeper into her soul for she wanted 
to hear no noise, she was communing with herself. 

The grave with its conventionally-shaped mound 
met her eyes and she wept. The image of the sad 
procession of a few weeks ago came into her con- 
sciousness so vividly ; how the six neighbors and com- 
panions of her father in his work solemnly bore the 
lifeless body to its .earthly bed, how it was slowly 



lowered into the ground and how the minister com- 
forted them as they wept. He told them that the 
father was not dead but that he was living in spirit, 
that he was not taken from them entirely and that 
God would be merciful to them. But the maiden and 
her mother felt their loss too deeply to be comforted. 

All those things came again into the maiden's 
mind as she placed the flowers on the grave. The 
words of the minister puzzled her. " How is it that 
my dear father is with me? " she asked herself. " O 
God show me," she prayed. A voice came into her 
soul, " Go home and you will see." 

The maiden returned to the cottage. When she 
entered she saw her gray-haired mother seated in her 
chair reading God's Word. Opposite her mother was 
an empty chair in which her father used to sit. Sitting 
in that chair he read often to the maiden and her 
mother and told of things long ago. Many a time the ' 
little girl would climb upon his knee and ask for a 
story. The father's face would brighten as he told 
his daughter of times when her mother was young 
like her and when the little girl grew to be a maid the 
stories were longer and fuller in meaning. When the 
noonday meal was prepared a third chair was by the 
table unoccupied. There the father used to sit and 
ask a blessing before each meal and while eating he 
brought cheer to the table. 

Gradually the maiden's soul opened and she under- 
stood the answer to her prayer. Her father still 
lived with them. He was not dead. The beautiful life 
which he lived was not shut up in the grave. The 
happy associations were not in oblivion. The beautiful 
aspirations and hopes which he taught the maid were 
with her yet. She understood, and her cup of joy 
being full, she prayed, " O God I thank thee for thy 
promises of immortal life and that my father is not 
dead but liveth." 

»5* w* «5* 

HOME, SWEET HOME 

The Life of Its Author. 

John Howard Payne was born in Broad Street, 
New York, on June 9, 1791 ; and a large portion of 
his childhood was passed amidst the peaceful verdant 
scenery of East Hampton, in that State, where his 
father was principal of a small academy. When John 
was five years old his father moved to Boston in a 
similar scholastic capacity, and there remained eight 
years, after which the subject of this memoir returned 
to New York and entered the countinghouse of a 
firm in which an elderly brother had been partner. 
But he never took to the dull drudgery of a mercantile 
life. Soon after this he entered Union College, but 
only remained a year, after which, owing to the pecun- 
iary difficulties of his father, he found himself un- 
der the necessity of pushing his fortune in the world 
alone and unaided. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



Payne now devoted his time to studying for the 
stage, for which he displayed considerable aptitude, 
and made his first public appearance at the Pajrk 
Theatre, |slew York, as Young Norval in the tragedy 
of " Douglas." This debut was a complete success. 
From New York he went to Boston, where he again 
appeared as Young Norval, and also as Romeo, Rolla, 
and other characters. In cultured Boston he became 
even more the rage than in the great emporium of 
commerce. After a time he returned to New York, 
thence he visited Baltimore, where he was enthusiastic- 
ally received, proceeding to South Carolina and other 
Southern States. He went to Washington in 1809, 
and attracted great attention, one admiring critic de- 
claring that " a more extraordinary mixture of soft- 
ness and intelligence was never associated in a human 
countenance ; and his face was an index of his heart — 
he was a perfect Cupid in beauty." In January, 1813, 
Payne sailed for England, and in Liverpool was wel- 
comed by William Roscoe, who presented him to John 
Kemble, Coleridge, Campbell, Southey, Byron, and 
others, and got him an engagement at Drury Lane 
Theatre in the character of Young Norval. Great ap- 
plause greeted the youthful American actor, particu- 
larly in the death scene at the end of the play. Payne 
performed for a month in London, and then went the 
round of several of the principal English cities, after 
which he proceeded to Dublin, where, in conjunction 
with the celebrated Miss O'Neill, he played in various 
well-known dramas. He now visited Paris, where 
he met and became intimate with his distinguished 
countryman, Washington Irving, and formed a friend- 
ship with Talma, the French tragedian. Once more 
he turned to England, but on this occasion he was less 
of a novelty, and did not retain his former success. 

About this time he began his career as a dramatic 
author, one of his first efforts along this line being 
the tragedy of " Brutus," produced at Drury Lane 
Theatre in 1818, the famous Edmund Lead taking the 
principal part. The play was a success, being per- 
formed to crowded houses for seventy-five nights. 
Upwards of fifty plays of various descriptions were 
written by Payne, and their pecuniary returns enabled 
him to live comfortable during his nineteen years' 
residence in Europe. But the production which has 
achieved such a world-wide fame, and rendered its 
author an honored name in many a household, was 
his " Home, Sweet Home." This beautiful song was 
composed in Paris one dull October day when Payne 
was living in humble lodgings near the Palais Royal. 
The depressing influences of his surroundings, some- 
thing in the atmosphere which seemed to harmonize 
with his own feelings, and his solitary lot in life, 
were instrumental in drawing forth the simple pathos 
and tender yearnings of the song. The song was 
afterwards rewritten by its author, and introduced 
into an opera called " Clari, the Maid cf Milan," a 



play sold by him, in 1823, to Charles Kemble, of Cov- 
ent Garden Theatre, for £250, the music being com- 
posed by Sir Henry Bishop. 

" Clari " had a great run, the chief part being taken 
by Miss Marie Tree, whose singing of the simple song 
caused a wonderful sensation, gifted as she was not 
only with a beautiful and expressive face, but with a 
fine voice which thrilled her hearers. More than 100,- 
000 copies of the song as set to music were sold by 
the publishers within a year of its publication; but 
poor Payne reaped no pecuniary benefit from this 
source, nor did his name even appear as the author. 

For the next ten years he resided in America, and 
traveled extensively both in the North and South. 
In 1842 he was appointed American Consul at Tunis, 
but was recalled in three years, returning to Wash- 
ington in 1847. By the exertion of friends he was 
reappointed to Tunis. In May, 1851, the author of 
" Home, Sweet Home," bade farewell to his country 
for the last time, and in a few weeks afterwards en- 
tered upon the duties of his office at Tunis, with high 
hopes of continuing his former career of usefulness. 
But it had been otherwise decreed, for ere another 
year had passed John Howard Payne had ceased from 
his wanderings, while his country had to lament the 
loss of one of her gifted sons. He died on April 9, 
1852, and his body was laid in the Protestant cemetery 
of St. George at Tunis, the grave being covered by 
a white marble slab, with a simple epitaph. — The Mu- 
sical Million. 

^v %3^ ^c^ 

I BLAME THEE NOT. 

RICHARD BRAUNSTEIN. 

I blame thee not that thou didst prove 

Unmindful of the promise given. 
My soul would never stoop to love 

That came not all uncalled, unbidden. 
I could not count thy smiles, and know 

They beamed but from thy eyes alone, 
When from thy heart their liquid flow. 

Dissolving, all thy soul hast shown. 
'T is hard to bid thee say farewell. 

Aye, life is death, from thee apart. 
Yet better so, than hear love's knell 

Struck at each throb of a wild heart. 
I blame thee not; we may not bind 

The wind, to do our wish, at will; 
As well to fetter love and find 

The bands soon rent with ready skill. 
I long have felt, that not to me. 

Belonged the magic, or the art 
Whose charms, or subtle witchery. 

Could spellbound hold thy changeful heart. 
So fare thee well — and mayest thou be 

Blest in thy love, thy all. 
So forth, let not one thought of me. 

Respond a sigh at memory's call. 

^w ^% i^* 

Steadiness of national character goes with firmness 
of foothold on the soil. — David Starr Jordan. 



10 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



Nature Studies 




GLACIERS AND MORAINES 

JOHN II. XOWLAN. 

When the temperature of a region is so low that 
the snowfall is greater than the loss by melting dur- 
ing the milder season, snow accumulates, sometimes, 
to the depths of hundreds of feet. As it continues to 
accumulate, it creeps toward the lower ground till 
it reaches a lower level, or the sea. These accumula- 
tions are called ice sheets or glaciers. 

In the polar regions and on high mountains these 
are to be found today. 

The ice sheet of Greenland is estimated to be fifteen 
hundred miles from north to south and from three 
hundred to six hundred east and west. The interior 
is thought to be nine thousand feet high. 

In the Alps the glaciers are more like frozen rivers, 
creeping down the mountain side at the rate -of from 
one hundred to five hundred feet a year. The ice 
obeys the laws of flowing water, the centre moving 
faster than the sides and the top faster than the bottom. 
This was proven by setting a row of stakes in line 
across a glacier and noting tlieir change in position 
with reference to each other and those on the banks. 

Moving glaciers press heavily on their beds. The 
enormous weight presses rock against rock, grinding 
some to powder and scratching others. Those that 
chance to be held by the ice and carried along, will 
be worn flat as will also be the upper surface of those 
remaining stationary in the bed. Large boulders 
sometimes fall upon the ice and are carried far from 
the parent ledge. 

This rock waste is carried forward till the glacier 
reaches a temperature sufficiently warm to melt the 
ice and is then deposited. Continuing thus year after 
year the margin of the glacier or ice sheet is marked 
by a ridge of rock to which the term moraine is ap- 
plied. Sometimes the moraine entirely covers the 
end of the glacier to such an extent that even forests 
are found on them. Such is the case of several in 
Alaska. 

Early in the history of the earth there were periods 
when the glaciers were vastly more extended than 
now. This is known as the glacial period. During 
this period there must have been seasons of lower 



temperature and greater precipitation than today. 
The most extensive of these ice sheets were those 
extending from eastern Canada across the Great Lakes 
upon the northern part of the United States and from 
the Scandinavian highlands across the Baltic Sea up- 
on northern Germany. That from the St. Lawrence 
region is known at the Laurentian glacier and was 
nearly as large as the desert of Sahara. 

The southern limit of the ice sheet is marked by 
a row of hills, called " eskers," extending in an irregu- 
lar line across the States of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. 
Hollows or " kettles " are to be found among these 
hills which on being drained have made fine farms. 
The Indians often made their trails along the tops of 
these ridges and settlers following have utilized them. 
One of these ridges extends east and west from Van- 
dalia, the former capital of Illinois. Along its crest 
is a highway known locally as the " Ridge Road," 
where travelers may look down to the left or right 
on herds often fifty feet or more below. This ridge 
crosses Bond County in a broken line, valuable de- 
posits of builders' and moulders' sand being found 
near the center of the county. 

The greater portion of the debris brought down 
by the ice sheet was left in the preglacial valleys, 
filling them and forming vast plains. This debris con- 
sisted of an unsorted waste filled with boulders, and 
is known by the Scotch word till. Much of the softer 
rock has decomposed and forms a compact yellow 
earth known as " hardpan." The till of New England 
contains many boulders, so numerous in fact as to 
prevent agriculture being carried on in some places. 
South of the Great Lakes and from Ohio westward 
the till is less stony. 

The melting ice made temporary lakes as the ice 
fheet retreated, the most extensive of which is named 
Lake Agassiz. It comprised what is now the basin 
of the Red River of Minnesota and reached northward 
into Canada hundreds of miles. Its shore lines are 
easily traced till they almost unite in the northeast 
corner of South Dakota ; here the outlet, a mile or 
more wide, leads southeast to the Mississippi. The 
flow of the Great Lakes by the way of the St. Law- 
rence was also obstructed and the water rose to higher 
levels than today. Lake Ontario sought an outlet 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



11 



by the way of the Hudson and Michigan by way of 
the IlHnois. The first outlet is now marked by the 
Minnesota river, the second" by the Mohawk and the 
last by the Chicago drainage canal. 

The shore lines of the Great Lakes are no longer 
level, rising a few feet to the mile toward the east 
which indicates that the land is rising. Should this 
uplift raise the level of the lakes a few feet before 
Niagara can cut back into Lake Erie, the drainage 
of all but Ontario will be diverted to the Mississippi 
via the Illinois. 

The ice sheets have vanished — so have the Indians 
almost disappeared 
from the East. 
The Indians are 
considered impor- 
tant in the study of 
American history. 
Even more im- 
portant are the 
vanished ice sheets 
in the study of 
American g e o g - 
raphy. 

Mulberry Grove, 
Illinois. 

(^% %^^ *5* 

NATURE 

STUDY. 

" One advantage 
of nature study is 
that it tempts the 
children into long 
country walks, 
away from the for- 
m a 1 streets, the 
dust, and the dirty 
air of the city. The 
air of the town is 
constantly charged 
with dust — and not 
simply dust, but 
particles carrying 
all sorts of disease- 
producing mi- 
crobes. These are 

taken into the nose and mouth with each breath, and 
also carried down into the air-passages or into the 
stomach when one swallows. The fact that anyone of 
us is alive shows that the protective forces of the body 
are usually sufficient to destroy these germs of disease ; 
but to keep them thus effective we must do what we 
can to aid nature. It needs no argument to prove 
that exercise in the pure air of the country is one of 
the best means for gaining health and strength, and 
fnrtifyinsj the bodv against the attacks of disease." 




THE BIRDS 
From a leaflet printed by American 
Taken from Ch 



MUSQUASH IN WINTER QUARTERS. 

All summer Musquash wandered up and down 
the stream, enjoying river frolics by moonlight with 
liis brothers and sisters. He sucked the eggs and 
devoured the young of the water fowl, whose low- 
built nests he found in the rushes ; gathered and 
cracked mussels, and waxed fat on an abundance of 
juicy frog meat. But now the liunter's moon, glitter- 
ing on the frost that covers reed and swamp grass, tells 
him it is time to stop playing and go to work if he 
would be comfortable for the winter. 

As soon as the sun has set, out troop the muskrats- 

from their holes irk 
the bank. They 
hurry about gath- 
ering dried sticks 
and reeds for the 
foundation of the 
home. As these 
are laid in place 
the y are firmly 
plastered with 
mud, for our 
friends are skillful 
little masons. 
What a wonderful 
instinct is that 
which tells them to 
lay the sticks very 
lightly at the top of 
their house and 
leave that part of 
the dome without 
plaster, so the foul 
air may escape and 
fresh air enter ! 
The floor of the 
living room is just 
above high water 
mark. The front 
door, as well as the 
back and side ones, 
open under water, 
so that if danger 
threatens the musk- 
rat will have more 
than one escape. When the house is finished they 
bring in plenty, of dried grass and lily pads for bedding. 
So long as the water surrounding Musquash's home 
does not freeze to the bottom he leads a happy life. 
His hind feet are webbed and he is an expert in all 
water sports. There are gay tiines beneath the ice 
in Musquash Town. To be sure, the fare is only 
lily bulbs and fresh water clams, varied now and then 
with a few half-frozen insects or a cluster or mussels. 

I Concluded on Page 23.) 



IN CHURCH. 

Humane Association, 
icago Tribune. 



Albany, N. Y. 



12 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



THE INGLENOOK 

A Weekly Magazine 

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Subscription price, $1.00 per Annum, in Advance. 



The Inglenook stands for material and spiritual progress. 

Its departments are: Literary, Kditorial, Home, Cream of 
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Its qualities are: Good Sentiment, Moral Convictions, Inspi- 
ration. 

Its purpose is: To safeguard home life by supplanting and 
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Liberal commission given to agents. Sample copies are 
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and new addresses. 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 



THE NEW YEAR, 

One volume of the book of time has just been com- 
pleted and laid away and we are now, with anticipatory 
thrills, fingering the first pages of the new volume that 
has been given to us. We are awed by its fresh, clean 
appearance, its marks of newness, and our feelings 
are a strange mixture of delight and fear. Of delight, 
because we are allowed to begin over again, as it were, 
with the possibility of making a better record. Of 
fear, because of the issues at stake and the remem- 
brance of blunders and weaknesses recorded in the 
volume just closed. 

This illusion of a new beginning is, we believe, as 
productive of good as any illusion can possibly be. 
No factor, aside from some outside agent, is so 
potent in putting new life and hope into the work as 
the thought of a new trial. Every faculty of mind 
and body is called into use in a new beginning, when 
otherwise the worker would jog along in a spiritless 
way and accomplish only a small part of what he is 
capable of doing. 

The new year of 1909, with its promise of a fresh 
start, finds us, therefore, ready and eager for the fray. 
Not in all the history of the world could we find a 
time when one could fight as unhampered as now or 
work- to better purpose than now. We need, first 
of all, to be sure that we are on the right side, — the 
side of right, — then we can throw ourselves unre- 
servedly into the work. Though the cause we uphold 
may not win a complete victory this year, at least we, 
as individuals, will be victors, since we shall have had 
many triumphs in the kingdom of our own soul. For 
no man can truly fight in any good cause who does 
not make decided advancement in his own life. 

We wish all our readers a happy New Year. May 
3'our plans be unselfish and with the aim to be of use 
in the world and then you must be happy. In turn, 
we crave the good wishes of all our readers. As many 
of you know, this new beginning for the Inglexook 



is more than an illusion ; it is a reality. New life 
has come to the magazine. And in the strength of 
the inspiration and encouragement that have come 
from its many friends we trust that it may reach a 
higher degree of e.xcellence than it has yet attained. 
We are sure this possibility may be realized if our 
friends will continue to lend their help as in the past. 

t(5* 1^^ t^* 

THE BIG FARM AND THE RICH FARMER. 

In the face of Uncle Sam's crop reports one ought 
not to take the cry of hard times too seriously. Real 
downright hard times must have as their basis a short- 
age of the products of the soil— a real famine look. 
When, on the contrary, our Secretary of Agriculture 
reports of farm products the biggest volume ever, it 
ought to make some of us feel ashamed in view of 
the long faces we have been wearing because of the 
" hard times." If one could lay his finger on the 
real cause of the present depression it would probably 
be not far from extravagance in living and wild 
speculation. Many of us live beyond our means and 
most of us are extravagant in one way or another. 

So it is that this year's crop report makes good 
reading. William E. Curtis, writing on the subject 
in the Chicago Record-Herald, says the report ought 
to have been published before Thanksgiving in order 
to furnish material for Thanksgiving sermons. But 
the report will do us good now. Thankful hearts 
are what we need to begin the year aright. 

Continuing, the above mentioned writer says: 
" Every year since Secretary Wilson commenced his 
series of annual reports (nearly twelve years ago) 
has seemed to surpass all previous records until the 
farm products of 1908 have reached the value of 
$7,778,000,000 — 'the most extraordinary amount in 
the history of the world,' or, as the secretary calls 
it, ' an unthinkable amount of real, tangible wealth as 
it exists at the time it leaves the hand of the pro- 
ducer.' 

" It is not necessary for him to tell the housewives 
of our cities that there has been a very large advance 
in the price of farm products, because they are only 
too familiar with that fact; but every woman who 
goes to market will be interested in his statement 
that the mean factory price of butter averaged 19.16 
cents in 1899 and 27.16 cents in 1908; that the aver- 
age farm price of eggs throughout the United States 
was 11.15 cents in 1899 and 18.3 cents in 1908; that 
the mean wholesale price of dressed poultry in New 
York was 11.15 cents per pound in 1899 and 13.56 
cents in 1908. The wholesale price of milk in Chicago 
was 10.5 cents per gallon in 1899 and 15.16 cents in 
1908, while in New York the wholesale price of milk 
increased from 10.12 cents per gallon in 1899 to 16.62 
cents per gallon in 1908. That partially explains 
why the farmer is the most prosperous person in the 
country. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



13 



" In comparison with the previous five years there 
has been an increase in the volume of every crop 
except oats,»flaxseed, potatoes, tobacco and hops, and 
a higher value for every crop except cottonseed and 
hops. 

" The exports of domestic farm products in 1908 
were valued at $1,017,000,000, while the imports 
of the farm products of other countries were $540,- 
000,000, leaving a balance of trade of $488,000,000 
in favor of this country. ' The magnificent figures 
of the farmers' contribution to the exports of this 
country and to the favorable balance of trade,' said 
Secretary Wilson joyfully, ' are maintained in spite 
of this country's immense growth in population and 
the extraordinary immigration of nonagricultural peo- 
ples, and also in spite of the diminishing fraction of 
the population that is engaged in agriculture. No anal- 
ysis could more strongly indicate the progressive 
efficiency of the farmers' labor and capital and the 
telHng effects of the agricultural sciences.' " 

Surely the farmer can begin the new year with 
courage and with confidence in the soil which he 
cultivates. Add to the agricultural report the fact 
that the farmer's life is the most free and natural and 
there is no visible reason why the farmer should not 
be contented and happy. 

*9* »5* *5* 

WITHDRAWAL OF WESTERN PHOSPHATE 
LANDS. 

Acting under instructions of President Roosevelt, 
Dec. 10, the Secretary of the Interior withdrew from 
entry, selection, and location all public lands in Wyo- 
ming, Idaho, and Utah, believed to contain phosphate 
rock, pending appropriate action by Congress. The 
list of lands withdrawn was furnished by the U. S. 
Geological Survey as a result of preliminary examina- 
tion of the field. Further work will be undertaken by 
the Survey as soon as practicable, looking toward a 
careful classification of the lands in question and the 
restoration to agricultural entry of such portions as 
are found to contain no phosphate. 

This action of the President has been taken largely 
as the result of facts brought out at the recent meeting 
of the National Conservation Commission in Wash- 
ington. At this meeting it was shown that, at the 
present rate of production, the known available supply 
of high grade phosphate rock in the United States 
will last only about fifty years. Although this west- 
ern field embraces the largest area of known phos- 
phate beds in the world, the absolute necessity of 
utilizing these deposits for the benefit of the farms 
of the United States was strongly emphasized. 

Phosphoric acid is one of the three substances 
which must exist in the soil if the soil is to be pro- 
ductive. It has been shown, as the result of agri- 
cultural experiment station work in Wisconsin, Ohio 



and Illinois, that in fifty-four years soils of these 
States, in the cropped area, have been depleted of one- 
third of their original phosphoric acid. This is equiv- 
alent to twenty pounds per acre annually. Assum- 
ing it to be only half this amount, for the four hun- 
dred million acres of cropped land in the United 
States it would require 6,000,000 tons of phosphate 
rock annually to offset this loss, without considering 
the question of increasing the agricultural yield above 
the present production. 

In 1907 there were 2,265,000 tons of phosphate rock 
produced in the United States, and of this amount 900,- 
000 tons or about forty per cent was exported. The 
phosphate rock of South Carolina is practically ex- 
hausted ; the Florida deposits have reached their max- 
imum production ; the output of the Tennessee de- 
posits is on the increase, but this field alone would, 
at the present rate of increase in consumption, last 
only eleven years. There is some phosphate in Ar- 
kansas but it is of low grade; therefore the large de- 
posits of the public land States must be depended up- 
on for the greater part of our phosphate in the future. 
To insure the utilization of our own deposits in our 
own country some means must be devised to prevent 
its shipment to foreign lands. It would appear that 
this can be done only by retaining in the Government 
title to all public lands underlain with phosphate 
rock, and leasing these lands under terms which will 
prohibit exportation. 

The Secretary of the Interior is charged by law 
with the care, preservation, and disposition of the 
public domain for the benefit of all the people of the 
United States; and the rulings of the Supreme Court 
are to the effect that he has full power to meet such 
unexpected contingencies or emergencies as are 
created by changed conditions, new discoveries, or un- 
foreseen happenings. In such cases he fortunately has 
the power to make temporary reservations or with- 
drawals of the public domain, with a view to protect- 
ing and preserving the same pending the submission 
of information to Congress in order that it may enact 
appropriate legislation to meet the conditions disclosed. 
This power has been frequently exercised during the 
past forty years, in the public interests. 

In this particular instance, the question is so vital 
to every citizen of the United States interested in the 
present and future agricultural production of the 
country that immediate action is necessary. 

An executive order of withdrawal, general in its 
nature, like this, is under the rulings effective from 
the first moment of the day upon which it is made, 
and thereafter during the existence of the reserva- 
tion, no valid location can be made or claim initiated. 
Valid claims initiated prior to a withdrawal and main- 
tain by compliance in all respects with the law are not 
defeated or impaired by such a reservation. — U. S. 
Geological Stiri'ev. 



14 



THE INGLENOOK.— Tanuary 5, 1909. 




The Home World 



DESSERTS 

LENNA F. COOPER 



THAT the desire for dessert is almost universal 
and a natural one is proven by the fact that the 
menu always seems incomplete without it. 
There seems to be a natural appetite calling for some- 
thing especially tasteful and dainty with which to fin- 
ish ofT the meal. A dessert is not necessarily unwhole- 
some : indeed, it may serve a beneficial role in the 
menu, providing it is made of wholesome things, and 
given a proper place in the menu. It may be that this 
appetizing dish serves as a natural stimulus to the flow 
of the digestive fluids just the same way as the appe- 
tizers such as fruits, hot soup, etc., at the beginning 
of a meal. 

The dessert should ordinarily be simple. Too fre- 
quently, the desserts are rich and heavy, and an un- 
necessary addition to the already overcrowded menu. 
The desserts are usually rich in fats and sugars. Paw- 
low, the noted Russian physiologist, has recently 
shown that fats tend to inhibit the secretion of the 
hydrochloric acid of the gastric juice. Since the 
hydrochloric acid is necessary in stomach digestion, 
it becomes apparent that rich desserts should never 
follow a heavy meal, as the fat of the dessert tends 
to delay the digestion of the meal. If we serve rich 
desserts, the remainder of the meal should be cor- 
respondingly light. Ordinarily, sufficient food has 
already been consumed before the time for the dessert 
has arrived. Thus it becomes simply a tax on the 
digestive organs, because, as a rule, we eat more 
than is needed. 

Let us analyze the different inatcrials that usually 
compose the dessert. Fats and sugars form an im- 
portant part of the dessert. As has been stated, fats 
always retard the flow of gastric juice, thus lessen- 
ing the ability of the stomach to digest the rest of 
the food. Hence, rich pastries, puddings, etc., ought 
not to be served after a heavy meal. 

The sugars, being pepto-genic, increase the flow 
of the digestive fluids, but sugars taken in the con- 



centrated solution are very irritating. A twenty-five 
per cent solution of cane sugar placed in the stomach 
by means of a tube has been known to produce gastri- 
tis. Fortunately, we are unable to take it that strong, 
due to the fact that the saliva reduces it to a lower 
percentage. Most people, however, are in the habit 
of using too much sugar. Sugar, as we know it, 
is in a highly-concentrated form. If we were to take 
the sugar in the strength in which it is found in nature, 
as in the sugar-cane, beet, etc., it probably would do 
us no harm; but after it has been extracted from these 
sources and reduced to granulation by boiling and 
evaporation, it is many, many times sweeter than when 
found in its natural condition. 

There are many kinds of sugar, however. Cane 
sugar does not mean simply sugar derived from the 
sugar cane. Chemically, cane sugar, beet sugar, and 
maple sugar all have the same formula. There is no 
difference in these three so far as physiological pur- 
poses are concerned. There are two kinds of fruit 
sugar, — levulose and glucose. Glucose is sometimes 
called grape sugar because it is found so abundantly in 
grapes : in fact, it is a predigested sugar, being all 
ready for distribution and assimilation by the body. 
For this reason, fruits and fruit juices are so refresh- 
ing. Sugar, which is the chief part of the fruit, 
gives up its energy very quickly. The levulose is 
also very quickly distributed. These two sugars are 
also found abundantly in fruits. The glucose is al- 
so the result of starch digestion in the body. There 
is also a milk sugar which is found in milk whicli 
is less sweet than any other of the sugars. Maltose is 
another form of sugar, and is the product of starch 
digestion. It is tlie intermediate step between the 
starch and the glucose. 

Just here let us make a plea for simplicity of diet. 
The simplicity probably counts more for wholesome- 
ncss tlian any other feature. Complex mixtures are 
usually detrimental. The stomach forms habits 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



15 



just as the rest of our body. It gets into the habit 
of digesting certain kinds of food. Practically all 
foods contain certain chemical substances, which we 
call peptogens, which are really stimulants to the 
appetite and to the ilow of the digestive fluids. When 
we take fruit or any kind of food into the mouth and 
masticate it, the peptogens affect the nerves of taste, 
and telegraph ahead, as it were, to the glands of the 
stomach and the digestive organs, saying that a cer- 
tain kind of food is coming, which will require a 
certain degree of acidity of the gastric juice. Meats 
require a higher degree of acidity than bread, and 
bread requires a higher per cent than milk. When 
we take a great many mixtures into the stomach, it 
complicates digestion very much. We have found 
that people troubled with indigestion in various forms, 
when put on a single article of diet for a time until 
the stomach gets into the habit of secreting the 
juice necessary for the digestion of that one article, 
are finally brought back to health, and the stomach 
gets back into right habits again. People ought to 
form habits of eating more simply. Children should 
never be given complicated dishes. If they are given 
simple, plain vegetables, milk, bread and butter, nuts, 
and fruits, they will form a desire for these things and 
will be much better for it. The nations which have 
accomplished the most are those which have lived 
simply. Going back to the history of Greece and 
Rome, we find that in the days when they were the 
greatest, they lived the simplest. The Roman army 
usually carried along with them their parched barley 
and oil, and gathered cress by the wayside. After 
conquering their neighbors, and adopting their habits, 
they became very luxurious and intemperate, which 
led to their downfall. The individuals who have ac- 
complished the most in this world are the people who 
are simple in their habits. 

Snow Pudding. 

1 qt. milk % cup sugar V2 tsp. vanilla 

V2 tsp. salt Yz cup cornstarch 4 egg whites 

Rub the cornstarch smooth with a little of the milk. 
Add the sugar to the remainder of the milk and heat 
it to scalding. Stir in the cornstarch and the salt. 
Stir well until thickened, and cook 15 minutes in the 
double boiler. Meanwhile, beat the egg whites stiff. 
Gradually pour the heated mixture over the egg 
whites beating thoroughly. Add vanilla and pour 
into pans and moulds. Serve with strawberry sauce. 

Strawberry Sauce. 

54 cup strawberry juice 2 tsp water 

1 tsp. cornstarch Sugar if desired. 

Drain the juice from canned strawberries and place 
on the stove to heat. Then moisten the cornstarch 
with cold water and thicken the juice with it. Cook 
in a double boiler 15 minutes. If the berries are not 
verv sweet, a little sugar may be added to the sauce. 



Other fruit juice may be used in place of the straw- 
berry juice. 

Grape Apple. 

6 medium sized apples Vz cup sugar 

J4 cup grape juice 

Pare and core the apples, arrange closely in a pan, 
and fill the centers with sugar. Pour over all the 
grape juice. If this is not sufficient to about half 
cover the apples, add sufficient water to do so. Cover 
the pan and bake. Keep them covered until almost 
tender; then remove. the cover and finish cooking un- 
covered. As soon as the apples finish cooking, remove 
them from the liquid, and allow the liquid to cook 
down until rather thick. Serve this over the apples. 

t^^ ^% ^* 

FLOWERS 

IDA M. HELM. 

It is only a little hothouse flower, blooming in the 
warm sunshine of the south window. To me it is 
beautiful. It is a fragrant flower, and while looking 
at it I think of the poem — 

" Smell the flower, my child, and see 
What its perfume breathes to thee; 
In its cup so small and bright, 
Safely hidden from our sight, 
There an angel spirit dwells. 
And its message sweetly tells." 

Out of doors all nature is frozen, the limbs of the 
trees are bare and brown, the frost has nipped the 
flowers and vegetables and they have faded away and 
even the hardy weeds have hung their heads and 
dropped to the earth, blackheaded and withered. We 
turn our eyes to the ground and look in vain for green 
grass. There is snow, snow everywhere. And we 
turn again to the plants in the window with their 
wealth of green foHage and the humble little flower 
that is giving its sweet fragrance for us. It is a cheer- 
ing sight; they are thoughts of the Creator, written 
in green foliage and beautiful flowers. We admire 
them and we feel that we are akin to the Author of 
all things that are lovely and beautiful and good. They 
whisper to us of Jesus when he said, " Consider the 
lilies, how they grow." " If then God so clothe the 
grass which is today in the field, and tomorrow is 
cast into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, 
O ye of little faith?" 

Oh, marvelous thought ! The great Creator offers 
to clothe us with righteousness — the pure, white robes 
that only he can give. Into this world, in the mid- 
winter of sin, Jesus came to thaw the frozen soil and 
to give new life to the deadened germs lying in cold 
hearts, awaiting the warming, animating power of 
divinity. If I should set this flower stalk away from 
the sunlight into a cold, dark room, in a short time it 
would fade and die. It needs to be watered and kept 
in the warm sunlight and it will continue to grow and 



16 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



bloom and give cheer to the cold winter days. We 
must go to the fountain of Hfe and drink of its quicken- 
ing waters and we must bask in the sunhght of the 
Gospel of Christ and our lives will grow beautiful 
like the Master's, and we can tell to hearts saddened 
and chilled by sin, the sweet message of salvation. 
Ashland, Ohio. 

^% ^^% t^^ 

TOMORROW. 

Today may be dark and forbidding; our hearts may be 

full of despair; 
But tomorrow the hope that was waning will prompt us 

to do and to dare. 
Today we may feel that life's sorrows outweigh all the 

joy that we crave; 
But tomorrow will teach us the lesson that life is worth 

while to the brave. 

Faint heart is forerunner of sadness — despondency robs 
us of health; 

The man who is chock full of gladness is the man who 
makes most of life's wealth; 

Today may be all that is mournful — our paths cannot 
always be bright; 

But tomorrow we'll somehow take courage, and trust- 
ingly enter the fight. 

Tomorrow the sun will be brighter; tomorrow the skies 

will be fair; 
Tomorrow our hearts will be lighter; we'll cast aside 

sorrow and care. 
Remember, when heartsick and weary, the sunshine 

comes after the rain; 
Tomorrow is time to be cheery — tomorrow we take hope 
again ! 

— ^Jerome P. Fleishman. 
J» J« J» 
TEACHING THE BOY TO AIM. 

"Hear, ye children, the instruction of a father, and 
attend to know understanding." 

The men who made Proverbs took a very cynical 
view of the children of good men. We are all familiar 
with the standing reproach hurled at the sons of min- 
isters. The fact that a man takes the trouble now and 
then to contradict it with an impressive list of great 
and good sons of the parsonage does not seem to inter- 
fere with the popularity of the proverb. Perhaps 
there is a little malicious enjoyment in the contrast 
between father and son. At any rate there is a strong 
prejudice which seems in no danger of dying out 
that the sons of good men do not live up to their 
fathers and oft turn out badly. You cannot pick up a 
city newspaper without reading of the disgrace of 
some son of respected parents. The thousands of 
young men who behave themselves are overlooked. 
They do not break into the police news by being good. 

The fact is that boys from good families are good 
fellows. They nearly all of them mean well in an 
indefinite sort of way. Some of them do go wrong, 
but they go wrong with the best of intentions. It is* 
not a bad aim that makes them dangerous, but lack 
of aim. 



The crisis in a boy's life comes when he leaves 
school. If he decides well then he has usually de- 
cided well for life. But most of them do not decide, 
they just drift. Here is one kind of boy — perhaps 
the commonest type of all. He does not know what 
kind of work he wants to do, but he wants a job where 
he can make a fair amount of money and have a 
good time outside of working hours. If his father will 
help him through college he picks out one of the 
recognized professions and follows it. Sometimes he 
goes into his father's business. He is following the 
line of least resistance. There is no harm in that, 
but there is nothing to save him from harm. And 
then if temptation does come, his good father help- 
lessly wrings his hands and wonders why God gave 
him a wicked son. 

Here is the answer. God never gave anyone a wick- 
ed son, but God never gave anyone a son that was 
automatically good either. Every boy has a right to 
be started in life with an ambition to do something 
worth while, and it is his father's business and your 
business and my business to help find him that ambi- 
tion. — Home Herald. 

JK jt j$ 

VALUES OF LIFE AMONG WAGE-EARNERS. 

" The more intimately one comes into the home 
circle of the independent wage-earners the more clear- 
ly does the disadvantage of wealth stand revealed. 
Life must be lived so simply, the interests of life are 
so evident, that the value of words decreases; action 
expresses the heart perfectly. The very services the 
children render each other train them for the family 
life they will establish. The baby tended by an older 
brother or sister learns to depend on them for 
care, and that dependence in turn draws out a 
love and responsibility that could not have birth 
under any other condition. The child who finds that in 
pain, weariness, suflfering, a father and a mother alone 
share its care ; the elder children who see how naturally 
sacrifices are made for them, how little the father and 
mother value themselves, their ease, even their com- 
fort, learn to value the love in the home and depend 
on it, and give love to it that money to buy service 
would bar out." — Lillian W. Betts. 
jt J* j» 
SELECTED HOUSEHOLD HINTS. 

Bake square crackers in the oven until brown and 
crisp and coat them with sweetened chocolate. They 
are nice to put in the lunch basket for school chil- 
dren. 

While nuts are nutritious and recommended as food, 
one should eat salt with them, especially walnuts or 
the oily kinds. Never eat a great quantity. 

When lace-covered pincushions get badly soiled, re- 
move all pins and needles and scrub the lace lightly 
with cornmeal. This will free the meshes from dust. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



17 



If the ribbons are badly soiled clean them in gasoline. 

Grind pop corn after it has been popped and pour 
over it a chocolate fudge. Press the two into shape 
and cut with a sharp knife. 

To revive wilted holly, place it in a small bathtub 
or any large vessel in which the stems can rest in 
boiling water. Put plenty of salt in the water and 
let the branches remain until the water is cold. It is 
best to clip the branches on the ends before immers- 
ing them. Mistletoe can be revived in the same man- 
ner, but it should first be placed in warm water, then 
cold. 

White cornmeal lacks the richness of yellow meal, 
and in making pones, cakes and the like, more butter 
and eggs should be supplied to a recipe. A com pone, 
however, is finer and richer when made of yellow meal, 
if a little white meal is mixed with it. Breakfast cakes 
are excellent when made of white meal, but more eggs 
should be added. Put milk in the water that mush is 
made of and it will brown more quickly when fried. 

(5* <5* ^5* 

"There are those who stammer in their speech, and 
there are those who stammer in their Christian charity 
and honorable dealing with their fellow-men who had 
but words of pity for him who blundered in his speech. 
The one is a misfortune, the other is a vice. Better 
the man who stammers before man than he who stam- 
mers before God." 



The Children's 
Corner 



THE RHYMING NINES. 

" Oh, dear, mama, my remember is so poor when 
I come to nine times eight ! I say it over fifty times, 
pretty near, then the next time I have to say it I can't 
tell how much it is. I think the nines are 'most as 
bad as the toothache," said Mildred, coming to the 
kitchen table where her mother was peeling apples for 
sauce. 

" As sure as apples are good to stew, nine times 
eight are seventy-two," said mama, playfully. 

" Oh — o — o, that makes it easy ; I'll never forget 
nine times eight again," cried Mildred. " Please, 
mama, rhyme all the nines for me." 

" Very well, dear, if it will help you to remember. 
I will have them ready for you when you come home 
from school." 

Mildred went skipping to school, swinging her 
arithmetic by the straps, singing the rhyme and feel- 
ing she had conquered a very troublesome enemy. 



When she returned home her mother read her the 
following, which she readily committed to memory: 

It takes no time or thinking fine 

When 9 times 1 are only 9. 

Neither are we long in stating 

9 times 2 are only 18. 

Nice light bread is made with leaven, 

9 times 3 are 27. 

Are you fond of candy sticks? 

9 times four are 36. 

Bees make honey in the hive, 

9 times S are 45. 

Please come in and close the door, 

9 times 6 are 54. 

Wash your hands and come to tea, 

9 times 7 are 63. 

As sure as apples are good to stew, 

9 times 8 are 72. 

The nines this way are real good fun, 

9 times 9 are 81. 

9 times 10 are 90. : 

9 times 11 are 99. 

The nines are done, let's go and skate, 

9 times 12 are 108. 

— Sunday School Advocate. 

t^t ^% t^t 

SIX CENTS FOR ONE. 

" Give me a cent, and you may pitch one of the 
rings, and if it catches over a nail I'll give you six 
cents," said a man. 

That seemed fair enough, so the boy handed him 
a cent and took a ring. He stepped back to the stake, 
tossed his ring, and it caught on one of the nails that 
was fastened on a board. 

" Will you take six rings to pitch again or six 
cents?" 

" Six cents " was the answer, and six bright pen- 
nies were put into his hand. He stepped on well sat- 
isfied with what he had done, and probably not hav- 
ing an idea that he had done wrong. A gentleman 
standing near had watched him, and now, before he 
had time to look about and rejoin his companions, laid 
his hand on his shoulder. 

" My lad, this is your first lesson in gambling." , 

" Gambling, sir? " 

" You staked your penny and won six, did you 
not?" 

" Yes, I did." 

" You did not earn them, and they were not given 
to you. You won them just as gamblers win money. 
You have taken the first step in the path. That man 
has gone through it, and you can see the end. Now, 
I advise you to go and give the six cents back and 
ask him for your penny, and then stand square with 
the world, an honest boy again." 

He had hung his head, but raised it quickly, and 
his bright, open look as he said, " I'll do it ! " will not 
be forgotten. He ran back, and soon emerged from 
the ring, looking happier than ever. That was an 
honest bov. — Selected. 



18 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



The 




Hour 



THE NEW YEAR. 

MARY C. STONER. 
Ah! bright the dawning of thy morn, 
What on thy gentle wings is borne? 
Thy sunbeams like the children play 
With lightsome glee so blithe and gay. 
And will your morn's be all so bright, 
So full of cheery radiant light? 
Thou'rt like a fair and winsome lass 
So sweetly smiling while you pass. 

We love thy dawn, thou fair young year, 
With all thy cherished hopes or fear. 
And welcome is thy beaming light 
Born from the death of last year's night. 
May naught of sin thy beauty mar. 
But hearts grow purer hour by hour, 
Until thy mysteries shall unfold 
And crown thy sunset skies in gold. 
North Manchester, Ind. 

^V t^V v^ 

THE WEEK OF PRAYER. 

For about half a century the meetings for prayer 
during the first full week of each year have had the 
interest and attention of the evangelical churches of 
the world. During the most of this time the special 
subject, or burden of the prayer, has been for the 
speedy conversion of the heathen world to faith in 
Jesus Christ. 

In main the original purpose of the meetings has 
been maintained. A deep spiritual longing for the 
conversion of the world has been manifested. Earnest 
prayers have arisen to God, and the hearts of Chris- 
tian people have warmed toward each other as they 
have unitedly gathered around the throne of divine 
grace, and asked God's blessing on the souls of men. 
They have prayed for revival, and God has sent many 
a gracious and glorious awakening in answer to their 
petitions. They have asked for the success of the 
Gospel in foreign lands, and during this last half 
century we have witnessed the most marvelous growth 
of the kingdom that has ever occurred since the time 
of Christ and his apostles. 

And why should we not pray, and pray unitedly, 
for such ends? Is prayer a powef, and shall we 
not employ it? Has God granted to us this power, 
arid shall we not unite in earnest petition that the 



world may be brought out of its sin and sorrow into 
the blessed joy and comfort of salvation? Surely it 
were cruel if we should not pray, since prayer is, ac- 
cording to the assurances of Jesus Christ, a power 
that we are to exert in behalf of others. Christian 
love and sympathy should prompt and compel us to 
pray, and to pray unitedly and to pray without fear or 
faltering, that the blessed kingdom of God may come, 
in peace and power, into the hearts and homes of our 
fellow-men all over the world. 

But while we have prayed, in this general and uni- 
versal way, for the whole world, we have seen many 
a blessed revival in our land which had its origin in 
the blessing of God upon the humility and confession 
and faith and prayer of his people. Commencing to 
pray for God's conversion of the heathen world, God's 
children have continued in prayer for a blessing upon 
their friends and neighbors, their children and their 
homes. 

During this half century our evangelical churches 
have been drawn nearer to one another than at any 
time in church history, and the fraternity engendered 
in the exercises of this week has been largely the 
cause of the growing unity of believers. We have 
been drawn nearer to one another as patriots as 
we have prayed for God's purifying power in the life 
of our nation. We have been made more efficient and 
practical in our reformatory work as we have prayed 
for God's power to restrain and destroy intemperance 
and other evils. 

So we look forward to the exercises of this first full 
week of the new year, and seek to put away evil- 
thinking and evil-speaking, and all unbelief and all bit- 
terness, and to be ready to be used of God as he hears 
and answers our prayers. We shall find it good to 
draw near to God in prayer. We shall find it good to 
draw near to one another as we pray. We shall find 
anew, if we come in faith and assurance, that God is 
able and ready to do exceeding abundantly above what 
we can ask or think. — Herald and Presbyter. 
,* .< ■* 
WHEREAS: RESOLVED. 

I USED to admire the ability of my friends that had 
the knack of writing resolutions in good shape. I 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



19 



generally skipped the " whereas " portion myself, how- 
ever, in reading these documents, being more eager 
than logical. Nevertheless I have just expressed 
some resolutions in this form, and I have done it to 
make clear to myself the reason for my action. Thus : 

Whereas my experience shows me that I am not 
happy when I am murmuring, or complaining; and 

Whereas I help to make other people unhappy by 
unloading the burden of wrongs real or fancied, upon 
them; and 

Whereas complaining tends easily to become a habit, 
and a bad one, and to breed still more complaints; and 

Whereas murmuring and dissatisfaction, and the 
repetition to others of my woes, rob me of spiritual 
power, fixing my mind on mere human conditions, 
instead of on God, who conquers them ; and 

Whereas complaining makes it impossible for me to 
obey the scriptural command, "Rejoice in the Lord 
alway," because complaint and joy are opposites ; and 

Whereas complaining is evidence of lack of trust in 
God and acceptance of his will : 

Be it therefore resolved : 

Never to allow the mind to indulge in self-pity, to 
brood upon the wrongs I may have suffered, or may 
suffer ; 

Never to repeat to any one, no matter how dear 
they may be, any kind of complaint; but to cast such 
memories out of the mind resolutely and forever ; 

Never to seek sympathy that involves the darken- 
ing of other lives by my murmuring; 

Always to dwell in the sunshine of the divine love, 
and know that he is taking care of all apparently 
untoward conditions, for " all things work together 
for good to them that love God " ; 

Always to rejoice and help to make others happy! 

There, now, what do you think of that? You say, 
of course, " You can never do it, Mr. Ripple." I 
know it. But the Power that inspired the desire can. 
" It is God that worketh in you both to will and to do." 

The world is too full of complaints and lugubrious 
rehearsals of evils and wrongs. I cannot stop these 
things in others; I can in myself, by divine grace. — 
Christian Endeavor World. 

..« .•* .,* 
LIKE UNTO THE CHRIST. 

Two men were sinking a shaft. It was rather a 
dangerous business that they had to do — it was to 
blast a piece of rock. Their custom was to cut the fuse 
with a knife. One man then got into the bucket and 
made a signal to be hauled up. When the bucket 
again descended, the other man got into it, and — 
with one hand on the signal rope and the other hold- 
ing the fire — he touched the fuse, made the signal, 
and was rapidly drawn up before the explosion took 
place. It was a dangerous business. One day thev 
left their knife up above, and rather than ascend to 



procure it, they cut the fuse with a sharp stone. It 
took fire. " The fuse is on fire. Both leaped into the 
bucket, and made the signal ; but the windlass would 
haul up but one man at a time ; only one could escape. 
One man instantly leaped out, and said, " Up with ye ; 
I'll be in heaven in a minute." With lightning speed 
the bucket was drawn up and the man was saved. 
The explosion took place. Men descended, expecting 
to find the mangled body of the other miner; but the 
charge had loosened a mass of rock, and it lay diag- 
onally across him, arid with the exception of a few 
bruises and a little scorching, the man was unhurt. 
When asked why he urged the other man to escape, 
he gave a reason that skeptics would laugh at. " Why 
did you insist on this other man's ascending? " In his 
broad dialect he said, " Because I knowed my soul 
was safe, for I've gie it in the hands of him of whom 
it is said that 'faithfulness is the girdle of his loins' ; 
and I knowed that what I gied him he'd never gie up. 
But t'other chap was an awful wicked lad, and I 
wanted to gie him another chance." All the infidelity 
in the world cannot produce such a single act of 
heroism as that. — Selected. 

ti?* t,?* t^V 

A SUDDEN ALARM. 

One Sunday, not long ago, the audience had as- 
sembled in one of the churches to hear preaching. 
Suddenly the fire bells rang out. 

In an instant the music stopped, and the congrega- 
tion rose in a body and all rushed out into the street. 
Every one thought, " It may be our house on fire." 
So in one minute the house was empty. 

It turned out to be a small blaze which had been 
extinguished by the time the people got out of the 
church. They returned, and soon got seated and 
silent. 

The minister then rose and prayed: 

" O Lord, make this people as anxious to save their 
souls as they are to save their bodies. May they make 
as great haste to rescue themselves and their neighbors 
from the fires to come as they now do to save their 
children and their property from the fires of this 
world." — The Mennonite. 

i^nt ^^ t^f 

Chicago's anti-cruelty society now keeps horses 
with drivers stationed at the steep approaches to 
bridges up which it is difficult for teams to haul the 
heavy loads they easily pull on the level. The " Good 
Samaritan Horses," as they are called, help get the 
heavy loads, one after another, over the bridges. 
Ji Ji ^ 

" It is easier to discuss the duties of others than to 
do our own." 

.< J* .«t 

" MuLiSHNESS is often taken for manliness,— by the 
mulish." 



20 



THE I NGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



Echoes from Everywhere 




The department of agriculture and commerce of Japan 
is being prevailed upon to grant a sparrow-destroying 
subsidy, as in some parts of the country the English 
sparrow is becoming a pest, having devoured the rice 
crop. 

The Western Electric Company of Chicago has for- 
bidden its workmen from drinking beer on the company 
grounds. Careful investigations demonstrated that a 
large number of accidents occurred uniformly after lunch 
and in almost every case the victim had taken beer with 
his lunch. 



The night of Dec. 23 was one of the busiest of the 
year in the handling of outgoing mail from the post- 
office in Chicago. About 260 tons of mail matter were 
sent out by the night shift. Fully 1,000 men were em- 
ployed in the distribution of outbound mail and 200 were 
busy in the registry department. 



The government of Panama has been spending large 
sums this year in fighting the locusts, which have become 
a serious menace to the agricultural interests of the 
country. The method of exterminating the locusts most 
generally adopted has been to dig a trench about SO feet 
in length, 2 feet wide, and 1 foot deep, with perpendicular 
sides, into which the locusts are driven by men beating 
the grass and trees with switches. In this way millions 
are collected and are destroyed with a solution of strong 
lye soapsuds. 

Claus Spreckels, the multimillionaire sugar magnate, 
died of pneumonia Dec. 26. Mr. Spreckels was born in 
Landstedt, Hanover, in 1823. He came to this country 
in 1846. In 1856 he went to San Francisco and seven 
years later established the Bay Sugar Refinery, procuring 
the raw material from Hawaii. He invented new re- 
fining processes and his business grew rapidly. 



Statutes fixing the official status of Prince Chun, the 
regent, were published recently in China. The prince is 
given an annual salary of $105,000, and is made com- 
mander-in-chief of both the land and sea forces of the 
empire. The edict provides also that a palace be built 
for him near the site of the late dowager's winter resi- 
dence. 



There has recently been completed at Great Falls, 
Mont., a huge brick chimney for carrying away the fumes 
of the smelting works, which will take rank as one of 
the tallest structures in the world. It is 78^2 feet in 
outside diameter at the base, and 53 feet 9 inches at the 
top. It extends 506 feet above the ground and 528'/2 feet 
above its lowest foundation course. Its total weight is 
24,964 tons. The brickwork is 18 inches in thickness at 
the top and 66 inches at the base. It is lined throughout 
with a 4-inch wall of acid-proof brick. 



Judging from the turn of affairs, it is believed that 
Cipriano Castro, president of Venezuela, who recently 
went to Germany for medical treatment, will be per- 
manently relieved of his office as president of the re- 
public. Acting President Gomez has taken full charge 
of affairs and is doing all in his power to come to 
an understanding with those nations which have re- 
sented the high-handed actions of Castro. 

The Secret Service of the United States after lengthy 
negotiations with the clearing house and banking asso- 
ciations throughout the country, has obtained almost 
unanimous action regarding the marking of counterfeit 
money handed to the receiving tellers. Nearly all these 
institutions have adopted rules requiring the tellers here- 
after to stamp " counterfeit " on all specimens of bad 
money they receive. This will put it beyond the power 
of the owners of the counterfeit money to pass it on 
unsuspecting persons after they have failed to dispose of 
the coin or notes at the bank. 



According to reports reaching El Paso, Texas, Dec. 27, 
a state of panic exists among residents of Hermosillo, 
capital of the Mexican state of Sonora, over a strange 
malady which has caused scores of deaths. Many people 
are reported fleeing from the new plague. Messages here 
do not state the nature of the disease but say that 
stricken persons die within a few days after being at- 
tacked. Doctors are unable to diagnose the malady and 
seem helpless to treat it. Fears are entertained that 
the plague will extend through the whole state of Sonora. 

Mark Twain set the " thumb-print " craze going when 
he published " Pudd'nhead Wilson," and the government 
is still carrying on the craze. Secretary Garfield and the 
interior department have officially indorsed the thumb print 
as a signature concerning transactions of thie Osage Indians. 
Indian Agent Millard, located in Oklahoma, has been 
notified that hereafter the thumb print of each Indian 
shall be affixed to his receipt for the payment of annuity 
money, and will also be recognized by the department in 
signing leases and other instruments in writing. Records 
will be taken of the thumb prints of the various members 
of the tribe, about 2,200 in all, and preserved for refer- 
ence. 



Dispatches from Rome Dec. 28 state that southern 
Italy and the island of Sicily were that day visited by 
a terrible earthquake. In many places a tidal wave 
added to the disaster. Small towns are reported de- 
stroyed and the city of Missina, in Sicily, with a pop- 
ulation of 150,000, has suffered most, two-thirds of the 
place being reported wrecked. This is according to 
the earliest reports at which time it was impossible to 
make estimates as to total loss of life and property. 
However, the disaster is believed to be much greater than 
that of 1905. 



THE I NGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



21 



The National Council for Jewish Women has a mem- 
bership of 10,000 women banded together for work along 
philanthropic, legislative and cooperative lines. Some of 
its most effective work has been among the immigrants, 
and it has done much for the protection and uplift par- 
ticularly of young girls lately landed in this country. 



Following close on the agreement between United States 
and Great Britain providing for " penny postage " between 
the two nations comes the announcement of a similar 
compact with Germany. This understanding becomes 
effective on January 1st. The aggregate saving in postage 
to the millions of Germans in this country who have occa- 
sion to correspond frequently with Germany will be enor- 
mous, but better than this is the increase in inter- 
communication which is sure to follow. " It is for lack 
of knowledge that the people are destroyed; anything 
which increases their understanding of each other makes 
for mutual development and world-wide peace." 



A new watch has been invented for the use of physi- 
cians and nurses in counting the pulse. The watch 
indicates, without mental calculation, the number of 
beats of the pulse in a minute. It operates on the prin- 
ciple of a stop-watch. By pressing the push-button a 
large second hand is set in motion, and the counting of 
the pulsations begins. At the 20th pulsation the motion 
of the hand is stopped by another pressure of the push- 
button. The dial accurately indicates the exact number 
of pulsations per minute. A third pressure on the push- 
button brings the hand back to the starting point. The 
use of this instrument does away with the necessity of 
observing the progress of the watch while taking the 
pulse, and in addition insures an absolutely correct rec- 
ord. 



When Bessemer steel was first placed on the market 
it was hailed as the great wear-resister, as indeed it was; 
but now that the wear and tear of commerce and travel 
have so increased, it is found that the Bessemer steel 
does not so effectively resist. On the Boston elevated 
railroad, for example, the rails on the curves have given 
way at an astonishing rate. Within three months Besse- 
mer steel rails were so worn that they had to be replaced. 
Manganese rails have been tried and found to stand the 
usage much better than the Bessemer steel. Within 44 
days the Bessemer rails wore down .065 of a foot, whereas 
the manganese steel was reduced only .046 of a foot in 
more than 2,000 days. All sorts of steel, including nickel 
steel, have been tried, but the manganese has shown better 
wearing qualities than all the rest. 



Experiments are now being carried out on German war- 
ships with acetylene shells, which it is believed may take 
the place of the electric searchlight used hitherto by war- 
ships. These shell contain calcium-carbide, and the wa- 
ter can reach it through a tube. The shells are fired by 
a gun built especially for the purpose. On being fired 
the shell goes under water, and then rises to the surface, 
and the action of the water upon the calcium-carbide 
produces the acetylene light. Each shell is said to have 
3,000 candle power and will burn for three hours. The 
great drawback of the ordinary searchlight is that, al- 
though it affords some protection from the unobserved 
approach of torpedo boats, it yet makes the warship using 
it an excellent target. The new acetylene shell referred 
to will have the great advantage of lighting up a given 
space, while the vessel that fires it will be left in dark- 
ness. 



The French government has definitely adopted the 
scheme of " letter telegrams " which has been under dis- 
cussion in France for some time. The new system pro- 
vides that letters may be telegraphed between any two 
points in France at night at a cost of one-fifth of a cent 
a word, and that they will be delivered the next morning. 



Fifteen thousand postmasters of the fourth class were 
placed under civil service by an executive order issued in 
the first days of the month. Those states in which the 
change is made lie north of the Ohio and east of the 
Mississippi, but there is little doubt that this order will 
be followed at no long time by another extending its 
provisions to the other states. The traffic in fourth class 
postoffices is thus abolished in a large part of the country, 
and the postmasters become real servants of the public 
instead of merely henchmen of the local congressman. 
President Roosevelt has brightened the concluding days 
of his administration by this act; it must have the com- 
mendation of all with the exception of the few congress- 
men whose patronage it demolishes. 



Co-coanut oil, which was at first used only for making 
soap, may now become an important factor in food. In 
Madagascar, eastern Africa, Indo-China, and on the Congo 
stations have been established where the best varieties 
of the cocoa tree are brought together, from which places 
much cocoanut oil is shipped. Unfortunately, however, by 
the time it reaches its European destination it has de- 
teriorated and become rancid, owing to the partial decay 
of the fatty matter in it. In order to obviate this a French 
scientist has formed the plan of sterilizing the product 
by submitting the fruit of the tree, cut in two, to the 
action of sulphur gas. The oil then obtained does not 
become rancid and may be used in some forms of food. 



According to a decree issued Dec. 23 by the Missouri 
Supreme Court, the Standard Oil Company of Indiana, 
the Republic Oil Company of Ohio and the Waters-Pierce 
Oil Company of Missouri have been fined $50,000 apiece 
and are to be driven out of the State. The decision, 
which was unanimous on the part of the seven judges, is 
so sweeping that Attorney General Hadley and Governor 
Folk hail it as the end of illegal commercial combinations 
in Missouri. Attorney General Hadley, who has prose- 
cuted the Missouri case since its inception in March, 1905, 
will become governor in less than a month and will then 
be charged with the enforcement of the decree. 



The battleship fleet of sixteen vessels under the com- 
mand of Rear Admiral Sperry has turned homeward after 
an absence from Hampton Roads of nearly a year. The 
vessels are due at the southern entrance of the Suez 
canal Jan. 5, and after leaving Port Said, at the nothern 
entrance, where coal is to be taken on board, they will 
divide into squadrons and make a series of calls at Medi- 
terranean ports. In this manner the American ships 
will show at Athens, Tripoli, Villefranche, Marseilles, 
Genoa, Leghorn, Malta, Naples, and Algiers. According 
to the present schedule, the entire fleet will assemble at 
Gibraltar the first week of February, and on February 6 
it will leave Gibraltar for Hampton Roads or New York. 
The question of the final port in America has not yet 
been decided. The vessels are due in Hampton Roads or 
New York February 22. When the fleet reaches the 
United States it will have traversed, since December 16. 
1907, when it left Hampton Roads, a distance of 42.227 
miles. 



22 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1900. 



Among; the Magazines 




FEW "UNEMPLOYED" WHO ARE WORTHY. 

England is struggling hard with what is called the 
problem of the " unemployed " — and in America, too, we 
have been hearing the plaint that thousands of men are 
out of work. Fortunately this country is not so hide- 
bound as England is, and industry here is reviving so 
rapidly that the number of idle hands is daily growing 
less. But in England the evil of the " unemployed " is 
both chronic and acute and it is difficult to see any rem- 
edy for the situation. 

Both in England and America, however, it is found 
on investigation that as a rule the people who have 
nothing to do are themselves to blame. Very commonly 
the trouble is due to drink. The sober and industrious 
and reliable men are being given the preference more 
and more, and the loafers and triflers and tipplers are 
being cut off. Wholesale efforts have been made to in- 
duce the unemployed of England to go to Canada or 
elsewhere and work out their destiny on the land, but 
the plan does not suit the beneficiaries. One English- 
maYi who had come to Canada last year has gone back 
because, as he complained to the writer of this article, 
it was "ten miles to the nearest saloon." And he is 
typical of a large class. Most of the unemployed dote 
on the fevered life of the big cities; they would rather 
starve in a slum than live a wholesome, useful life in 
the country, and anything in the nature of hard and 
steadj' work is worse in their contemplation than death 
itself. 

The editor of Spare Moments has been making a first- 
hand investigation of the subject in this countrj' and 
he arrives at this same conclusion. Many of the unem- 
ployed, he says, seemed " actually to tremble at the 
thought" of working on a farm; they were LOOKING 
for work, but not looking for WORK, as he puts it. 
The Los Angeles Y. M. C. A. reports on the case of a 
young man who had been begging his way and hadn't a 
cent in his pocket, but when offered a job of janitor 
work said he would not demean himself by doing such 
drudgery. An advertisement in a Rochester paper call- 
ing for men for outdoor work brought 98 applicants, 
but not a single one was willing when offered work 
on a farm to accept it. A Cleveland gentleman reports 
a case where a man asked him for some money to get 
him a meal; the beggar was referred to the local mission 
but immediately spurned the suggestion; he would have 
to cut wood before they would give him anything to 
eat there, he said. 

In every city there are many men out of work who 
profess that they cannot find anything to do. Go into 
their cases carefully and you will find that in practically all 
there is some very good personal reason for their be- 
ing idle. In many cases they have " struck " out of a good 
job; in many more they prefer to be idle altogether 
rather than work for what people can aflford to give 
them, and in still others they find that by working a day 
now and then they can get enough money to get drunk 



on — and that is the height of their ambitions. Sometimes, 
by some conspiracy of ill-fortune, a deserving man can 
l.nd no work, but it is a rare case; the work of the world 
has to go on, in bad times and good, and no man who 
is not too proud or too lazy or too mean to give value 
received need ever fear having nothing to do. — The Path- 
finder, jt ^4 JC 

PRACTICAL IMMIGRATION. 

Why not put incoming people where they can work 
out their destinies? There are railroads in the West 
which maintain special departments for putting immi- 
grants into the field. One of them has developed the 
idea of putting villages of Swiss, of Bohemians, of Ger- 
mans, and of Italians by themselves and making it possi- 
ble for them to work at the trades they learned at home 
and to preserve their best national customs. 

There is not in America a State which does not need 
these incomers. New England is just finding what value 
there is in her worn-out fields through the prosperity that 
Italians and Russians are finding in them. Missouri has 
Brandsville's Swiss as a shining example of its soil's 
value for vine culture and for dairy farming. But we all 
need them. And it would not be difficult to distribute 
them if we went about it wisely. Every Western railway 
keeps a record of opportunities along its line: " Smith- 
ville, general store needed, town of five thousand, large 
farming country; " " Brownsville, town of five hundred, 
opening for doctor and dentist." Such notices appear in 
large numbers in their advertisements. A national de- 
partment, with its agents as widespread as those of the 
postal service, could keep a similar watch upon the nation. 
Thus we should have a report like this: " Thompsonville, 
hilly upland, large acreage for farming still available, 
about ?15 an acre; many Bohemian farmers, and available 
market for such and such products," with, of course, othei 
details. 

If there were on the other side of the water govern- 
ment agents, like the consular service, to whom this in- 
formation was supplied, an intending immigrant could 
there determine under the authority of government just 
where an opening lay for him. Were he farmer, carpen- 
ter, printer, weaver, whatever he might be, he could de- 
termine where there was probable employment for him. 
If the gates of Ellis Island were then shut against those 
who come haphazard, and opened to admit only those 
who come with direct purpose, ticketed to some definite 
location where friends or the federal authorities had 
shown the need of them, the result would be achieved. 
There would be no more dumping in New York. There 
would be no more wiping out of skill, training, and the 
virtues of an older people. We should be saved half the 
work of " assimilation." And by the constant absorption 
of the new, good qualities we should become in them 
fabulously rich. We are talking now of conserving our 
national resources, and here is a great resource awaiting 
its proper conservation. — John L. Mathews, in the Janu- 
ary Everybody's. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



23 



LEGISLATION TO PREVENT FOREST FIRES. 

The frequency and seriousness of forest fires during 
the past autumn prove that the present laws for the 
protection of the forests are inadequate. We are of the 
opinion that negligence or inexcusable carelessness is 
responsible for the majority of the fires, not merely in 
the Adirondack regions, but also in the fire-swept dis- 
tricts of Minnesota, Michigan, and Wisconsin. If this 
carelessness be measured by the magnitude of the dis- 
asters of which it is the original cause, it takes on surely 
a strong flavor of criminality. For it is no excuse to 
say that the hunter who fails to extinguish his camp- 
fire, or the settler who leaves the edges of his clearing 
burning through the night in proximity to inflammable 
forest timber, does so without any thought of the loss of 
life or property which may result from his carelessness; 
for he is well aware of the fact that such smoldering fires 
may, and do, start great conflagrations, and that in these 
conflagrations, it frequently happens that not one but 
many human lives are sacrificed. If such carelessness 
in the presence of this knowledge be not criminal, a new 
definition must be found for this last-named word. 

Our attention has recently been drawn to the fact 
that in Canada there is a strong movement on foot, urg- 
ing the government to follow a more definite course 
of action in the protection of the forests, and to make 
the breach of the forest-protection laws punishable by 
imprisonment without the option of any fine. The ob- 
ject aimed at by the suggested legislation is, not merely 
to increase the number and enlarge the powers of the 
forest wardens, but also to compel every camper to 
either extinguish his fire or keep it under guard; to 
require every settler, railway contractor, or railway, in 
clearing lands, to maintain a guard by night as well as 
by day, so long as the stumps are burning, and to pre- 
vent any stumps or underbrush being fired within a 
rereasonable distance of the standing timber; and fi- 
nally, to make the railways and factories whose tracks 
or works are within the forest area responsible for the 
protection of the forest to a given distance on each side 
of the railway track or factory. 

We commend this subject to the attention of the 
legislatures in those States most nearly afifected. It is 
certain that legislation bringing the careless starting 
and neglect of fires within the range of the criminal 
law would prove a most speedy and effective check up- 
on the present annual destruction of life and property. 
— Scientific American. 

!?• (^* t?* 

WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH THE PUBLIC 
SCHOOLS? 

\ little while ago. The Delineator was asking the ques- 
tion, "What is the matter with the public schools?" 
There were a number of suggestions that developed from 
that investigation. There are a number of things the 
matter. Out of them all one defect in our educational 
system stands out glaringly. It is most tersely told in 
the last report of the United States Commissioner of Edu- 
cation. It's a simple statement of the salaries that Ameri- 
can cities pay their school-teachers. 

And that, ladies and gentlemen of the school boards, 
is what is the matter with our public schools. We pay 
our unskilled street laborers something like a dollar or 
a dollar and a quarter a day. We are paying our school- 
teachers some less and some a little more. It is the 
wages that a dull brain and a primitive mind are worth. 
In return for such wages we are requiring a service that 
should be entrusted only to a mind and heart enriched 



with all that literature and art and science can contribute 
to a perfect culture. It should be only such a personality 
into whose training we give the future citizens of the 
nation. Can we get personalities like that to serve us in 
our public schools? Not any longer than they can help 
it. Just so soon as their force of character and intelli- 
gence and initiative enable them to reach a better-paying 
position, one that will allow them to buy books and hear 
music ?nd have the other good things of life that their 
larger natures crave, they go after it. 

Until we realize with a conviction that reaches our 
pocketbooks that the school laborer is worthy of her hire, 
we aren't going to kee.p the best school laborers in the 
public employ. And there will continue to be something 
the matter with the public schools. 

WE AND THE WEATHER. 

Wh.^t a great misfortune this is, the habit of con- 
sidering the weather ! — of thinking that we must con- 
sider tlie weather. It is largely due, is it not, to 
clothes? No mention is made of rain in the Garden 
of Eden ; but we must not, therefore, contend that rain 
was disagreeable and omitted ; we must recollect that 
Adam and Eve did not need to consider rain ; fur- 
thermore, in blessed ignorance, they did not know 
that it was anything to be considered. 

To mind the rain no more than the May sunshine, 
but to plunge into it and let the drops pelt as they will ; 
to accept snow without a thought of discomfort, but, 
rather, to enjoy the thronging presence of it ; to pur- 
sue one's daily stint regardless of whether the sky 
be dun or blue, — this is a state which we, especially 
of the cities, long, long have lost. 

We regain it, some of us, in the wilderness camp, 
where we hunt, or fish, if the day be dark or if the 
day be bright. And where we find that the dash of 
the soft rain on one's face is not death, after all ; 
that wetness and dryness are merely relative terms. 

All the centuries of fussing and fuming with the 
weather have not affected the weather one particle; 
it still rains, and snows, and sleets, and blows, just 
as dictated by circumstances. Therefore what's the 
use ? Are your puny diatribes, or mine, of any greater 
potency than those of others gone before? Evidently 
not ; accordingly, try the plan of being friendly with 
tlie weather — of agreeing with it instead of fighting 
it — and, 'pon my word, presently it will be agreeing 
with you. — Ed'ciin L. Sabin in November Ltppiii- 
cott's. 

MUSQUASH IN WINTER QUARTERS. 

(Concluded from Page 11.) 

Musquash knows when the January thaw comes he 
can make up for this slender diet, so he waits con- 
tentedly for the floods to wash from their beds the 
benumbed turtles, meadow mice, and snakes. Then, 
indeed, will he enjoy a bountiful feast, even if it is 
midwinter. — Selected. 



24 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 5, 1909. 



INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT POSTAGE 
STAMPS. 

An article published in the New York Tribune 
recently gives the following statements, that will be of 
more or less interest to all interested in stamp collect- 
ing: i 

Stamps were not in use before 1840. Before that 
time the postmasters in the United States in large 
towns and cities kept a private account with all well- 
known persons, and at the end of each month ren- 
dered a bill for postage. 

Sir Rowland Hill, a member of the English Parlia- 
ment, has the distinction of introducing the postage 
stamp, date May 6, 1840. On that date the English 
government adopted the penny post system. Brazil 
followed England in 1843, after which came the 
United States in 1847, Russia in 1848, Tuscany, Bel- 
gium, and New South Wales in 1849, and other 
countries soon after. 

In our country before 1847, and as early as 1842, 
certain owners of local delivery companies began to 
sell stamps to their customers. The first of these was 
the City Despatch Post in New York. After being in 
the business for a few months, the proprietor sold the 
entire system to the United States Government. Soon 
afterward other cities adopted local stamps, as Balti- 
more, New Haven, Providence, and Saint Louis. 
The stamps of these cities were used before the 
government service began. They command large 
prices. The stamps of Millbury, Massachusetts, com- 
mand a price of $500 and upwards. The Baltimore 
stamp is listed at $300 to $400. 

Many a bundle of letters which was carefully laid 
away thirty or forty years ago has, on being brought 
to light, brought to its owner a large sum of money. 
Today the traffic in old postage stamps is an important 
part of the world's industry, and the money invested 
in collections represents millions of dollars. A single 
stamp has brought as high as $7,500. King Edward 
bought a one-penny 1847 Mauritius stamp, paying 
that sum for it. Another of these stamps sold to the 
German Postal Museum for $5,000. There are, so 
far as known, only nine two-cent British Guiana 
stamps issued in 1850. One recently sold for $1,710. 
Two of the nine are in the British Museum, two in 
a Paris collection, and two in the New York City 
collection. The two in the New York City collection 
were bought for about $5,000, the proceeds of the 
sale of the two stamps being used for the erection 
of a church in Guiana. 

Among the private stamp collectors of the world 
Americans stand out quite prominently. A Mr. 
Duveen, of Manhattan, has a collection valued at 
$400,000. A Mr. Sussdorf's collection is worth $200,- 
000. Charles Gregory, a Brooklynite, is worth $100,- 
000 in stamps. 



The finest collection of stamps in the world is 
owned by Count de Farrary, of Paris, and is valued 
at a milUon dollars. The Topling collection, one of 
the finest in the world, now in the British Museum, 
is worth a million dollars. The Czar Nicholas of 
Russia, the Queen of Italy, and the King of Spain are 
all stamp students and collectors. 
J* jt jf 

" Unbelief says ' How can such and such things 
be ? ' It is full of ' hows ' ; but faith has one great 
answer to the ten thousand ' hows,' and that answer 
is— God." 

(J* ^v ^w 

" When you brand a vice as harmless you have 
augmented its power to hurt." 



Between Whiles 



He Got the " O, K." Signal. 

Railway men — conductors, engineers, and brakemen — 
are so accustomed to communicate with each other by 
means of gestures that the habit of looking for such dumb 
signals becomes a kind of second nature, observes Har- 
per's Weekly. In this connection a Western railway offi- 
cial tells of an amusing incident in that part of his State 
where it is so common for cattle to be run over that the 
manager of one "jerk-water" line required his engineers 
to report all such accidents, with full particulars as to 
place, time, and circumstance. 

One day a complaint was received at headquarters that 
a valuable cow had been killed on a certain day and by a 
certain engine. The case was referred to the proper de- 
partment, but reference to the files showed that the 
engineer had failed to report such an accident. Accord- 
ingly he was sent for and asked why he had omitted to 
report the matter. 

" I didn't know I hurt the cow," he said. 

"Then you remember hitting her?" 

"Yes; and I slowed up as she rolled over on her back, 
but she waved her feet for me to go ahead, and so I con- 
cluded she was all right." 

A traveler passing through the Broad Top Mountain 
district in northern Bedford County, Pennsylvania, last 
summer, came across a lad of sixteen cultivating a patch 
of miserable potatoes. He remarked upon their unprom- 
ising appearance and expressed pity for anyone that had 
to dig a living out of such soil. 

" I don't need no pity," said the boy resentfully. 

The traveler hastened to soothe his wounded pride. 
But in the offended tone of one who has been misjudged 
the boy added: "I ain't as poor as you think. I'm only 
workin' here. I don't own this place." 

t^w ^* ^?* 

The Last Straw. — Arthur — " They say, dear, that people 
who live together get to look alike." 

Kate — " Then you must consider my refusal as final." 
— ^The Christian Register. 



^♦♦♦♦♦» ♦♦♦ » ♦♦♦>< « ♦•» 



INGLENOOK 

Subscriptions 



Have been coining in at a rapid rate 
during the past two weeks. But there are 
still a few of our present subscribers who 
have not sent in their renewals. Are you 
one of the "few"? If so, why not sit 
down today and send us your subscrip- 
tion? It might be a good time to ask 
your neighbor to subscribe. 

Our Plans for 1909 

are not complete as yet, but we feel 
safe in saying that the magazine will 
prove itself second to none as an all- 
round magazine. 

Many well-known writers are being en- 
gaged as contributors. In the " Home 
and Hearthstone " department Dr. O. H. 
Yereman, office editor of " The Clinic," 
will discuss the care of eyesight and 
hearing, and tell how to preserve and de- 
velop the voice. Dr. Yereman studied in 
several European Universities, enjoyed 
an extensive practice as medical mission- 
ary to India and at present occupies a 
chair in the University Medical College 
of Kansas City, Mo. You will be inter- 
ested in his articles. Competent author- 
ities vnU discuss other subjects of vital 
interest. Send us your subscription to- 
day. Price only $1.00. 



i 



BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, Elgin, Illinois 



•*ii*******i m *i**** 



Inglenook ; 
Cook ^h— ^* 



Book :f^ 






A Splendid Seller 

Even though you have had no experience as an agent, 
you should be able to make large profits selling the 



lagleoook Cook Book 

Many of our agents report remarkable success and are 
asking for more territory. 

Contains 1,000 recipes by the best cooks in the land. 
Every recipe is simple and practical. Many housewives 
write us that they have laid aside all other cook books. 
A favorite everywhere. Sells on sight. 

Size 51^ X S inches, 212 pages, tenth edition 32nd thou- 
sand. 

Paper Binding, each $0.25 

Per Dozen, prepaid 2.50 

Oilcloth Binding, each 35 

Per Dozen, prepaid 3.50 

It will pay you to write for agents' terms today. 



BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, Elgin, Illinois. 



A College President Speaks 

" Whoever tells the story of the literary activity of the Brethren in the twentieth century 
will have some interesting subject matter to begin wdth in Bro. J. S. Flory's description of 
that activity in the eighteenth century. His book is the kind that tends to enkindle a worthy 
pride in our church, partly because of its own literary merit and partly because of the lit- 
erary history of the church which it discloses. It deserves a wide reading and no doubt will 
command it. I hope that the younger generation especially of our people will become fa- 
miliar wnth its contents. We shall await with eager expectations the promised second volume. 
— Edward Frantz, of McPherson College, Kansas. 

Literary Activity 

Of the Brethren in the 

Eigfhteenth Century 

Is an intensely interesting volume dealing vnih the history of Edu- 
cational Work and Literary Endeavor in the Church of the Brethren 
during the first century of their existence as a denoniination. Owing 
to the careful and conscientious research on the part of its author, 
this book will be referred to as an authority on the subject for years 
to come. 

If you have not already secured a copy of this book, place an 
order with our nearest agent, at once. A cloth bound book of 335 
pages. Price prepaid $1.25. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, Elgin, Illinois. 




THE INGLENOOK 



Imperial Valley, California 

ia a country where things grow too 
large to write about. You will have to 
come and see them. 

The grreat AK7AXTA and PRUIT dis- 
trict, situated 180 miles east of Los 
Angeles, on the Southern Pacific R. R. 
Send for Illustrated booklet. 

Address. W. T. GlUeU, Eoltvllle, CaL 



Our Bicentennial 
Hymn 

We are now prepared to fill orders for 
the above-named hymn, printed in leaf- 
let form on lieavy paper. The words of 
this popular hymn were written by Eld. 
Jas. A. Sell, and the music composed 
by Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger. 

Price per hundred, postpaid, 25 cents. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 



^^c The Mayville 
If Class Abroad 

BV E. M. COBB 

The Mayville High School 
Class make a tour through 
Europe and Palestine and write 
letters home of the most inter- 
esting character. It is just the 
thing for young people. All will 
find the book captivating and 
very instructive. 

The book is finely illustrated 
and contains 288 pages. It is 
bound in fine cloth and has a 
beautiful cover design stamped 
in white. You had better send 
for a copy now. 

Our Price 75 cents 

(Postage extra, IS cents.) 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING 

HOUSE, 

El^in, niinois 



NEFF'S CORNER 

All houses rented and town overflow- 
ing with people and many more em- 
ployes of railroad to come soon. Prop- 
erty double the price it was when I 
came here. A hundred more houses 
ought to be built now. Remember, a 
property that costs you $350 rents for 
$8 and one that costs you $450 rents 
for $10. My little folder tells all about 
them. Write for it. 

And we very much need a sister mis- 
sionary to work among these newly- 
established homes, and we have a chance 
to employ a sister of experience now, 
but we lack means. We want to get 
along without soliciting donations, so I 
am soliciting subscriptions to the Wom- 
an's National Daily, a clean, reliable, 
well-edited daily newspaper published 
in St. Louis. I will have it sent to you 
every day (except Sundays) for a wliole 
year for only $1, and besides, I will put 
one hundred cents of the dollar into our 
mission fund and pay for your sub- 
scription out of my own pocket. Will 
send you a sample copy first if you ask 
for it. but I assure you vou will run 
no risk in sending the dollar now. 
Hope you will, for we ought to put the 
sister to work at once. Address 

JAMES M. NXPP, 
Clovis, Hew Mexico. 



EUREKA INDESTRUCTIBLE POST 

kCheap as cedar. 
Ma^ where 
used. Great in- 
dncementi to agents. AddresB, with stamp, 

W. A. DICKEY. North Manchester, Ind 



Our 1909 

General Catalogue 



contains a large assortment of 
books, Bibles, cards, church and 
Sunday-school requisites and 
Christmas booklets. Have you 
asked for one? If not, drop us 
a line today. . All you need to 
do is to say " Catalogue " and 
sign your name, with proper ad- 
dress. " We'll do the rest." 

BBETaBElT FTTB. EOUSE, 
El^n, Illinois. 



BICENTENNIAL 
SONG BOOK 

Those who participated In the splen- 
did song service at Des Moines will be 
sure to want a copy of the Bicentennial 
Soug Book. The book contains 80 pages 
of the very best songs selected from 
" The Brethren Hymnal " and " Song 
Praises," besides the " Bicentennial 
Song" which was written for the Con- 
ference. 

Your Sunday School 

and Christian Workers' society should 
have a supply of these books for use 
during the year. 

OUR LOW PRICE 

We will furnish this book In Manila 
cover at the following rates: Per dozen, 
prepaid, $1.00; per hundred, F, O. B. 
Elgin, $6.00. 

BBBTSBBZr FXTBI^ISKIKQ H01TSE, 
Bl^ln, ZUlnois. 



What a Young Girl 
Ought to Know 



By Mrs. Mary Wood-Allen, 
M. D. 

A book of purity and truth 
that we should like to place in 
thousands of homes. The book 
i.s highly commended by Lady 
Henry Somerset, Mrs. Harriet 
L. Coolridge, Margaret L. Sang- 
ster and hundreds of others. 
Bound in cloth. 
Price, postpaid $1.00 

BBETHBEN FTTB. HOUSE, 

Blgln, Illinois. 



APPLE BUTTER 




ia pronounced by hundreds of 
our customers, the best they 
ever ate. Send for our NEW 
circular with NEW recipes, 
NEW testimonials and Special 
Wholesale price list. Our 
Motto: Highest class of goods 
and a square deal guaranteed 
to all. 
C Don't forget to write. 



C. J. MUi^EB &! CO^ SmlthvUls, Olilo. 

PASTOR'S POCKET 
RECORD 

Arranged by Rev. Sylvanus Stall, D.D. 

This record affords space for the 
recording of 63 church officers; 714 
members, over 6,000 pastoral calls; 42 
communion services; 126 baptisms, 84 
marriages, 105 funerals, 273 sermons; 
63 addresses; 168 new members, be- 
sides ten other departments. 

Ministers. 

You will find this an excellent little 
volume to carry with you at all times. 

It contains nearly 200 blank pages 
and is bound in black leather, size 
iH X 5% inches. Very convenient to 
carry in pocket. 

Price prepaid only SO cents. 

BBBTKRBIT FTTBIiISKIITa KOUSE, 

ElSln. Illinola. 



The ^Twentieth 
Century M 
Sunday School 
Record System 



'^^md 



No superintendent can afford to be- 
gin tlie new j'ear's work without the 
assistance of our new system of rec- 
ords and recognitions. This plan, 
first used in one of our own Sunday 
schools, has grown in favor until it 
is now recommended by Sunday- 
school workers of all denominations. 
It has increased the enrollment and 
secures the attendance of each schol- 
ar enrolled. Encourages systematic 
giving and discourages tardiness. 
Brings the Bible to the school and 
relieves the teacher of keeping class 
records. New scholars are enrolled 
and all records are kept and reported 
by the secretary of the school. The 
teacher is permitted to devote her 
whole time to the teaching of the les- 
son. Our new descriptive Record 
System Catalogue gives full partic- 
ulars. 

BBETHBEH FUBIiISHING HOUSE 

Elgin, Illinois 



^^^g^g^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ea^^^^^RSR^^ 



Practical Exercises in Music Reading 

By Geo. B. Holsinger. 




The Late Geo. B. Holsinger, Author of 
" Practical Exercises," " Brethren 
Hymnal," etc., etc. 



A first-class instruction book for use of both 
teacher and pupils. Valuable as an aid to the indi- 
vidual student, as well as 

Day School, Singing School 
Institute and Normal Classes 

Besides numerous exercises in music reading, the 
book contains a goodly number of first-class songs 
and hymns. It contains 32 pages and is bound in 
heavy paper covers. We can furnish both round 
and shaped notes. Be sure and mention vsrhich no- 
tation you desire. Shaped note edition sent if no- 
tation is not named. 

Price, prepaid, each, $0.15 

Price, per dozen, prepaid 1.00 

BBETSREIT FTTBI^SHIITa' SQUSB 

Elgin, Illinois 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^Pg^i^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 



1 



If You Appreciate Good Reading 

You will surely take advantage of one of our magazine club ofifers. The publications listed 
below need no recommendation and the reduction in price should place these periodicals within 
the reach of several thousand new subscribers. 



CLUB OFFER No. 1. 

Gospel Messenger, $1.50 

Brethren Family Almanac, 10 

Missionary Visitor, 50 

Our Young People, 65 

Brethren Teachers' Monthly 50 

Regular Value $3.25 

All in One Order for $2.75. 



CLUB OFFER No. O. 

Gospel Messenger $1.50 

Brethren Family Almanac 10 

Missionary Visitor, 50 

Our Young People 65 

Brethren Teachers' Monthly 50 

Inglenook Magazine 1.00 

Regular Value, $4.25 

All in One Order for $3.50. 



These offers do not apply unless the entire order is sent in at one time. In taking advantage 
of the above club offers you need not mention each item, but say "Club Offer No. 1 " or " Club 
Offer No. O." 

We can quote you lowest prices on hundreds of other magazines and papers. We list several 
popular clubs in our 1909 General Catalog. 

Let us order your magazines. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 




A Sample of the Oat Fields in the Nanton District. 



Harvest Time 



The prosperous settlers in Sunny Southern Alberta have just finished harvesting a bounti- 
ful crop. It is now THRESHING TIME and their yields are enormous. 

Some fields are yielding as high as fifty bushels of wheat per acre. And oats are yielding 
as high as one himdred and thirty bushels per acre. The crop on one acre brings enough money 
to buy two acres! Could you want an3rthing better? 

We have just secured, and are now oEEering for sale, 50,000 acres in the Nanton District 
where already there is established a large and prosperous settlement of the Brethren. 

Our prices are $9.00 per acre and up, on easy terms — ten years to pay for land when the 
purchaser settles on the land. Excursions every week. Cheap rates and railroad fare refunded 
to purchasers of 320 acres or more. 

For particulars, address. 



REDCLIFFE REALTY CO., ( R. R. Stoner, Pres. ) 

430 TEMPLE COURT 

MINNEAPOLIS, - MINNESOTA 




CHURCH EXTENSION BY 

COLONIZATION 

The Co-operative Colonization Company, incorporated under the laws of Indiana, proposes 
to establish colonies, on their Co-operative plan, in the United States and other countries, in 
suitable localities, under the most favorable conditions. 

The aim is to establish self-supporting congregations of our people, virith good church 
and school privileges from the beginning of a colony. 

A committee appointed by the Directors of this company, made an extended tour of in- 
vestigation through the West. After careful consideration of their report by the Directors, it 
wras decided to locate their first colony in the San Joaquin Valley, California. This is one of 
the world's famous valleys, noted for its mild, congenial climate, rich soil and variety of prod- 
ucts. 

In this valley are grown successfully wheat, rye, oats, barley, alfalfa and other grasses; 
peaches, pears, prunes, apricots, nectarines, figs, olives, oranges, lemons, melons, canteloupes, 
strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, loganberries and grapes. Vegetables are grown almost 
every month in the year. English walnuts, almonds, pecans, peanuts and other nuts do well and 
are profitable. Dairying, beekeeping and poultry raising are carried on successfully. 
The new colony town, is on the main line of the Santa Fe Railroad, immediately on the tract 
selected for our first colony. It is in central California, within a few hours run of San Fran- 
cisco, Sacramento and Stockton, among the best markets in the State. 

The colony tract is well located, almost level, with a deep, fertile soil, mostly a sandy loam, 
well adapted to above-named crops. It is in the Modesto irrigation district, one of the best 
systems in the State, with plenty of water, and the land owns the irrigation plant. Two large 
ditches cross the colony tract, and the present owner will construct lateral ditches to each 
forty acres — an important item. The drainage is excellent, no alkali or hardpan to interfere 
with crops, no brush, stumps or stones to be removed, a good place for 

IDEAL HOMES AND PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

This tract is not large. It vsrill soon be taken up. Each one can select his tract. Home- 
seekers and investors should investigate this proposition. A selection either in the town, or 
colony will make an ideal home. Water for domestic use is obtained from wells about 50 feet 
deep, and is of fine quality. A good public school house is in easy reach of the colony. 

Several parties of colonists, from the East and Northwest, will reach the colony about Dec. 
20. The town and colony lands are both platted and are ready for occupation and cultiva- 
tion. Prospective colonists and California tourists are invited to join us. Write for rates and 
particulars. 



CO-OPERATIVE COLONIZATION COMPANY 

NORTH MANCHESTER, INDIANA 
OR S. F. SANGER, GENERAL ORGANIZER, SOUTH BEND, INDIANA 



V#/tr»Wlr 



ii>W^^»^«" 



K i^^^N^^fc, 



Henry M. Spickler Tells About 

MESSINA 

Scene of the Recent Earthquake 







Serving 



The sweetest lives are those to duty wed, 
Whose deeds, both great and small, 

Are close-knit strands of unbroken thread, 
Where love ennobles all. 

The world may sound no trumpets, ring no bells; 

The book of life the shining record tells. 

Thy love shall chant its own beatitudes 

After its own life working. A child's kiss 

Set on thy sighing lips shall make thee glad. 

A sick man helped by thee shall make thee strong, 

Thou shalt be served thyself by every sense 

Of service which thou renderest. 

— Elizabeth Barrett Browning. 









Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 

January 12, 1909 One Dollar Per Year 



11^ 









'Ti//' 



7\\'Ji. 






-/J-:s\ 






m 



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•„< V.' 




Exhibit at International Live Stock Exposition Chicago, 1908 



California 
Excursion 



Thursday, Jan. 14, 1909 



Will leave all points in Oklahoma for Butte Valley, California. An excursion 
wiU leave Chicago the same day; leaving Omaha, Nebraska and Kansas City, 
Missouri on Friday, January 15, 1909. All excursions will be consolidated at 
Cheyenne, Wyoming Saturday morning, January 16. For rates, routes and other 
information write to 



E. M. Cobb, 

Elgin, IIF. 



Isaiah Wheeler, 

Oklahoma City, Okla., or 

Cerro Oordo, III. 

or 

George L. McDonaugh, 

C«lonlzaUon Agent Un(*D Pacific R. R. 

Omaha, Neb. 



D. C. Campbell, 

Colfax, Ind. 



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BUTTE, VALLEY, CALIFORNIA. 

Unusually healthful climate, rich soil, pure mountain water. 

Timber, pine, cedar, fir — in quantity and quality. 

Timothy — five tons to the acre have been raised. 

Easy terms and moderate prices on this orchard land. 

Vineyards, no doubt, will be planted by the scores. 
Apple trees are being planted by the thousands. 
Level as a floor, and rich as the Hawaiian Islands. 
Lands worth $1,000 per acre are being sold at $45.00 now. 

* 

Elevation of the valley is 4,200 feet above sea level. 

Yoii have, no doubt, decided to buy, but you should do it now. 

California is the magic word of the age. You know why. 

Alfalfa is perfectly at home in Butte Valley. 

Lands are selling rapidly. 2,000 acres on last excursion. 

Invariably purchasers recommend the Valley to their friends. 

For farming, grazing, fruit-raising, the Valley is unexcelled. 

Orchard lands, planted, are the best sort of life insurance. 

Rents in the East are high ; why not own a home in Butte Valley, 

Never buy elsewhere until you have investigated this proposition. 

It will pay you to get in on the ground floor before it is too late. 

After you have read this, write us that you will join our 

Excursion, January 14, 1909 

Leaving 

Oklahoma, Jan. 14th. (Write Isaiah Wheeler, Oklahoma City, Okla.) 
Chicago, C. & N. W. Train No. 3, 10: 45 P. M. 
Omaha, Union Pacific Train No. 3, 4: 00 P. M. — January 15th. 
Kansas City, Union Pacific Train No. 103, 10: 00 A. M.. Jan. I5th. 



For further information, please address 

GEO. L. McDONAUGH, OMAHA, NEBR. 

ISAIAH WHEELER, CERRO GORDO, ILL. 

D. C. CAMPBELL, COLFAX. IND. 

E. M. COBB, ELGIN, ILL. 

The California Butte Valley Land Co. 

Macdoel, California 






( t 



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V- 

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Training the 
Teacher 

Brethren Edition 

Twenty lessons on the Bible by Dr. Schauf- 
fler. 

Ten lessons on the Pupil by Mrs. Lamor- 
eaux. 

Ten lessons on the Teacher by Dr. Brum- 
baugh. 

Ten lessons on the School by Mr. Law- 
rance. 

Special Chapters 

" How llie Bible came to us," l)y Dr. Price. 
" Organizing and conducting a Teacher-Training 

class," by Rev. Oliver. 
The Gist of the Books. 
Teaching Hints. 

Test Questions at the end of each lesson. 
Review test questions at the end of every 
fifth or sixth lesson. The official text book 
for Teacher-Training Classes of the Church 
of the Brethren. 272 pages. Paper bound, 
prepaid, 35 cents. Cloth bound, prepaid, 50 
cents. 

BRETHREN PTJEIISKING HOtSE 

Elg'in, Illinois 



The Saloon Under the 
Searchlig^ht 

By Qeorge R. Stuart 

"A bright, breezy, thought-compelling little 
book with not a dull line in it. Full of sug- 
gestion and inspiration for one who would have 
a part in the fight against the saloon, a fight that 
.grows in strength and popularity every day." 

" Sledge hammer blows by Dr. Stuart on 
thirteen or more aspects of the salonn question. 
The arguments and illustrations are original, 
often unique, and always right to the point." 

" I find the book one among the best I ever 
read on the subject. I can recommend it and 
wish it were possible to place a copy in every 
home in the land." — Eld. D. L. Miller. 
• " I have just finished reading that splendid 
little volume, ' The Saloon Under the Search- 
light,' by Geo. R. Stuart. I find it interesting 
and valuable. It commends itself to me because 
of its simple, plain, practical and true statements. 
1 would solicit for it a wide circulation, and a 
careful perusal. It cannot fail but do good." — 
P. J. Blough. Bound in cloth and paper, (i4 
pages. 

Price, paper 20 cents 

Price, cloth, 35 cents 

BRETHREN FTTBlaSHING HOUSE 

Elgfin, lUinois 



The Brethren 

Family Almanac 

for 1909 

A FIRST class almanac for the home. The 
twelve calendar pages contain the . date 
of over 300 important historical events. 
Every member of the church will be interested 
in the biographical sketches of such men and 
women as Elder R. H. Miller, Sister Sarah 
Major. Elder John H. Umstad, John H. Filmore. 
Elder Peter Nead and Elder Jacob Mack. An- 
nouncements concerning the .'\nnual Conference 
for 1909. and a History of the Brethreii Church 
in Franklin County. Virginia, arc unusually inter- 
esting. The Ministerial List occupies nearly 19 
pages and gives the name and address of the 
2,938 ministers of the Church of the Brethren 
together with a list of the Gish Fund Books. 
Several pages arc devoted to a list of the Home 
and Foreign Mission Boards of the church with 
name and address of the members of each board. 
Sunday-school workers will be interested in the 
list of State Sunday-school Secretaries. A cyclo- 
pedia of useful information. Sixty-four pages. 
Price, postpaid. 10 cents. 

BRETHREN FUBI.ISKINa HOVSE 

EliT^ii. Illinois 



From the Ball Room 
to Hell 

Is there aii}- harm in dancing? There 
can be Init one answer to this question. 

facts are facts. 
This little book, 
written liy an ex- 
dancing mast e r , 
will give you more 
facts about dancing 
than can be ob- 
taine<l elsewliere. 
It places a dark- 
picture before the 
dancer, and o n e 
that is very con- 
vincing. It e X - 
]3lains the natiu-al 
and necessary ef- 
fects of modern 
waltzing and wliy 
llionsands nt girls are ruined every year 
til rough its inlluence. 

Our price, cloth 35 cents 

Our price, paper, 18 cents 

I i'nslage extra, -"i cents.) 

BRETHREN FUBIiISHINQ HOUSE 

Elg'in. niinois 




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More About Miami Valley, 
New Mexico 






Are you seeking health? 


Beautiful scenery 


We have it as sure as this pure, rare mountain 


with its ever-shifting shades and tints to feast 


air brings it. 


the eye upon. 


^ JX ^ 


t^ ^5 (.S* 


Are you wanting wealth? 


Fine weather? Good roads? Yes, 
none finer. 


We can furnish you the resources for it. 


^ at ^ 


^ jt ^ 


Almost perpetual sunshine. 


Do you desire happiness? 

We have the conditions that bring it. 


Just think! Nearly every winter day Old Sol 
smiles out warm and bright. Contrast this with 
the days and weeks of cloudy weather, rain, 


(^ tSm cS^ 


snow, sleet, slush and mud back East and North. 
^ ^ ^ 


A co-operative thrifty community 


Thanksgiving Day finds us with a 


of neighbors for you. 


goodly harvest and thankful hearts 


<J* J» (^ 


for this our first year of prosperity. 




Sickness has not been in our midst, death has 


Excellent church privileges. 


claimed none of us and prosperity is inevitable 




for the future. 


^ ^ ^ 


^ ^ S 


A good school for your children 


" Westward Ho " tells of our claims 


now in session, conducted in a good house built 


and resources. 


with the latest ideas of lighting and equipage. 


Send for a copy. Come and see us. 



♦ 
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Farmers Development Company, Miami, N. M. 




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26 



Till-: IXiil.l-.XOOK.— laniuirv 12, 1909. 



not go to college, do not think, for a moment, that you \ I'LEASANT HOLl DAY TR I P 

must be forever denied that culture which comes with 
a knowledge of the classics. A college course is com- 
posed of single hours of study and if you will jiropcrly 
employ yourselves during your spare moments and 
your long winter evenings, you can acquire a good 
substitute for a college course. Many of our great- 
est statesmen, ministers and business men never had 
as much schooling as you can get in the average 
district school, but they used their spare moments, 
their odds and ends of time that many boys throw 
away, for self-improvement. They were working 
while others were dreaming. 

It is the boy who strives to make a good impression, 
not only when he is entertaining liis friends but in 
ever}- work of life, whether it be his lot to serve as a 
bank clerk ur to hoe out the weeds in his mother's 
garden, that will succeed in his undertakings. Many 
boys neglect the little deeds of life while they are con- 
tinually looking forward, hoping to do some great 
w^ork. The giant oaks of our forest have sprung 
from a little acorn and the little raindrops, falling, 
one by one, water the earth and cause it to send forth 
its fields of golden grain. 

The boy who thinks it isn't worth while to save the 
nickels and dimes will never have any dollars to save, 
and the boy who neglects the little deeds of today will 
not be able for a greatei- work of tomorrow. Do 
not become discouraged when others try to belittle 
you because you are striving to form habits of econ- 
omy. A boy with a large, healthy mind, who is try- 
ing to make the best of his opportunities, to make his 
life count for good, will see your good qualities nnich 
sooner than your bad ones and it is only the narrow- 
minded that liavc an eye for faults. When you find 
the place in life that nature intended you for, stick 
to it, whetlier it be farming, business or whatever it 
may be. 

Of course }ou will always meet with those who 
have nothing but unkind words for you, but you will. 
usually, find them to be men who have been a failure 
themselves, hence you need not become discouraged 
b\' their hopeless words. A prosperous man has no 
time to discourage others. 

Again, j'ou should exercise great care in selecting 
}our companions, for if you wish to keep your life 
pure, if \ou wish to retain that wliich is more to be 
desired than great riches, " a good name," you nnist 
associate with those whose lives are in harinonv with 
your ideals. But above all things do not fail to put 
your trust in him who sticketh closer than a brother, 
who has promised to be with you in _\'our troubles and 
who will ever w-atch over you and keep you. Until 
you have done this; your life has not been truly suc- 
cessful. 

Ashland, Ohio. 



C. L. ROWI..\ND. 

0\ the day following Christmas day I boarded a 
crowded train to leave the bustling, noisy city and 
spend a few days in quiet on an old \"irginia ])lanta- 
tion. The train seemed slow to start, but. after add- 
ing an extra coach to relieve the congested condition 
of those already in line behind the inni horse we 
slowly moved from the crowded platform at the depot 
on which were standing many friends of those depart- 
ing. 

Rice scattered on the steps and some of it remain- 
ing on the conventional black of some of the young 
men on board the train clearly showed that we were 
riding with those who had celebrated Christnias Day 
bv paying homage to Dame ]\Iatrimony at the hyme- 
neal altar. They were now on their honeymoon. Just 
across the aisle from one of these ha])py couples sat 
a lady whose wrinkles and general peculiarities be- 
trayed her to be a " lost gem," as she w^ould put it. 
but usually known as an " old maid." Her look of 
cynicism seemed to say : " Oh ! how foolish they are, 
how silly they look at each other." when in reality 
if vou noticed her as she turned her gaze to the beau- 
tiful scenery of the landscape, you could have read in 
her countenance and deep sigh : '" How I wish some 
one had plucked me before I had withered to die 
alone." 

The sharp call of the conductor announced that my 
destination was reaclu'd, so, leaving the happy cou])le 
to the mercy of the remaining passengers. I turned my 
eyes toward tlie bystanders at the little depot to single 
out the friend who was to convey me across the moun- 
tain to his home. 

Soon we were mounied on steeds who well knew 
jiow to reach the sunimit without unnecessary fatigue. 
We were not long reaching the foot of the ascent 
which led through gullies, now and then crossing 
the niountain stream whose sparkling beauty and low 
murmur added to the attractions of the scene. On 
either side were snow-capped peaks with dwarfed" 
]Mnes clinging to their sides. Overhanging rocks 
echoed back the noise of hoofs as the- horses picked 
their way nj) the stony incline. On reaching the 
summit we ])aused to view the scenery which, had 
either of us been a W'hittier or a Rryant, would have 
insjiired us to write a masterpiece of poetry. 

The scenery on the descent was no less beautiful 
than what we had just viewed. I'ollowing the moun- 
tain road we reached an old homestead which my 
friend was proud to call his home and whither he 
had resorted during his holiday vacation from school. 

I was made to feel a warm welcome by all. as I 
was led to the glowing hearth which is a thing of 
the past in our modern homes. Though we were 
n<it much chilled by the morning ride across the 



THE INGLEXnOK.— January 12, 1909. 



27 



mountains, I very much enjoyed sitting by the open 
hearth and chatting with my friend and the other 
members of the family whom I had not seen for a 
time. 

As is usual in winter, outdoor entertainment is 
rare, so most of the time was spent conversing over 
past memories. While I sat thus engagefl, with plenty 
■of delicious ajiples and a goodly basket of chestnuts 
close by, VVhittier's Snow Bound came very forcefully 
to m\' mind. I fancied myself transported to a happy 
fireside in New England where the poem was written. 
But the snow had to be imagined, for you will remem- 
ber that this is an old Virginia homestead in the 
southern part of the State where tliere is Ittle snow 
■except on the mountains. 

The hearth had peculiar attraction for me, hence 
much of my time was spent there. I remembered 
the Backlog- Studies as I viewed the log in the back 
of the hearth. The thought came to me of how one 
of oiu- ablest presidents when a boy read and studied 
by the light of the hearth fire, and ciphered on the 
back (if the wooden fire shovel. Then it occurred to 
me: Why has \'irginia been called the "Mother of 
IVesidents "?• I could give no other answer than be- 
cause the simple, modest living found here was the 
kind to raise up children healthy of body and mind. 
'( )h ! that the American people would return to the 
simj)le life of our forefathers ! We would have 
stronger-minded men from the farm to the president's 
•chair. 

One evening during my stay the 3'oung people of 
the home with myself visited a neighbor who, in 
turn, made us welcome at his fireside which was as 
■cheerful as the one we had just left. Learning that 
I was a northerner spending the winter in the .South. 



they talked of the differences between the North and 
South, relative to the Civil War. War at its best is 
cruel and the people of \^irginia surely were made to 
feel the hardships of it. May there never another 
such conflict make enemies of brothers as did this 
one. 

Though my stay on the plantation was but three 
days, I enjoyed it to the fidl. 

Roanoke, Va. 

J* -< .t 

THE NEXT STEP. 

" We have just compiled lists in the following 
dry counties in Ohio for mail order advertising," 
announces a disreputable liquor publication, and fol- 
lows the announcement with the names of thirty-seven 
counties and the advice to " order today for your 
holiday circulars." We have no doubt that similar 
lists are being compiled for use in Georgia and Okla- 
homa and all the States which have done the best 
within their power to free themselves from the liquor 
traffic. It makes no difference that the citizens of 
these States have signified,^by the most effective means 
they possess, that they want no liquor within their 
boundaries; the brewers and distillers have determined 
that they shall have it anyway. 

All this makes nxore clear the necessity for a law 
which will prohibit the shipment of liquor out of 
wet States into dry — such as was asked for in the 
bill which was introduced by Congressman Little- 
field at the last session of Congress and put to death 
in some committee room. This is the thing which 
those who have won their local fights can concentrate 
upon now. It is the next great step in temperance 
reform. — Home Herald. 



A LYRIC 



Eicii.\ED l!I^\l■.\.sTl•:I.^'. 

fill, the poHywog fell in love with a whale, 

And his heart was filled with burning; 

With fiery words he unfolded his tale 

Of fervor and pain and yearning, 

Hut the whale never heard his passionate moan 

h'or the pollywog had no megaphone! 



Oh, the pollywog worshiped the floundering whale. 

And his bosom was full of sighing, 

And his body grew thin and his face grew pale 

And he seemed quite likely of dying — 

He saw at a glance that for him was no hope. 

For the whale didn't have any microscope! 



28 



THE I NGLENOOK.— January 12, 1909. 



Around the World Without 

a Cent 

Henry M. Spickler 



Chapter XL. In Sicily. 

Lying close to the once Dark Continent is Sicily, 
famed in fact and fiction. It is August 16 and I am 
leaving for Messina, for the boat, contrary to its 
orders to me, is sailing twelve hours earlier than the 
captain expected it would leave. It made me nervous 
to think how I might have gone to some other hotel 
or have been out in the hills, when the message came 
for me to return to the boat. My wheel was on the 
boat and it would have been almost as hard to have the 
boat sail with the wheel and without me as for a 
parent to thus lose his child, for without my wheel 
,1 could do little in seeing sights. 

From the boat my eyes lingered long upon the bold 
mountains that rise back and to the side of Palermo. 
The Lctiinbro had anchored three-quarters of a mile 
out at sea but my Sicilian boatman arrived in good 
time for me to study the outlines of these hills. 

Between them and the sea runs a level road from 
the city to the wharf. On this drive I saw the artistic 
Sicilian cart, the possession of which makes the owner 
feel like a rich American. On week days he hauls 
his vegetables and fruits to market. On Sundays he 
takes his own and his neighbor's family out for an 
airing, stacked in the small box like cordwood piled 
vertically. 

Back of these pleasure-seekers rises Mount Pelle- 
grino which so fascinated Goethe. Its form is sublime, 
but you must see it under the play of Sicilian sunshine 
and Sicilian atmosphere to marvel at its sublimity. 
Massive and imposing, its steep slopes are bare, but 
the hoary color of the rocks is a picture of art that 
wins the hypnotic gaze of even the prosaic tourist. 

For this bold blufif, lying so peacefully under its 
dreamy mantle of Sicilian haze, the sailors of all the 
nations around the Mediterranean steered their prows. 
Here was the world's battleground, the battleground 
of contending parties and creeds. Every atom of 
Sicilian dust is enchanted. Here came the Phoenician 
trader from Tyre ; the Carthaginians, who gave me so 
much trouble in Latin, came here and made me burn 
night oil to study out their reason for coming. Here 
fought and died the Roman, the Vandal, the Goth, 
the Saracen, the Norman, the Byzantine, the Greek. 
Homer and Thucydides wrote of Sicily. Virgil and 
Cicero speak of it. Pindar, Theocritus and Virgil 
sing of her climate, the softest and mellowest in all 



the world. Over this rocky island are strewn the 
heroic myths of Ulysses and ^^ulcan. Everywhere the 
weight of the mighty past oppresses the student of this 
little land of nine thousand nine hundred and thirty- 
five square miles, or less than one-third of Ireland, 
but a little less than half as big as Switzerland, which 
is one-fifth the size of Kansas. In this unbearably 
bright sunshine, history was made by the French, the 
Spaniard, the Italian, the Roman and the Carthagin- 
ian. 

As the boat steams away with me as the only deck 
passenger, I muse upon the sights and scenes of Pal- 
ermo's noisy streets. Remarkable for its mi.xture, the 
faces of the people present a " circus " of physiogno- 
mies as diflferent as those of different countries. Be- 
hind a pure Greek face came the oval face admired 
by Titian, with black, lustrous eyes and low forehead, 
full cheeks and pug nose and little mouth. Next 
came a Spaniard whom I recognized by the heel set 
down with haughty self-esteem. All around these 
were the negroes, or negro types, with black, curly 
hair and thick lips and tawny skin. Moving among 
these with swifter step, were the students from the 
university, where eleven hundred study to fit them- 
selves for more important duties in their little island 
home. 

From the pepper tree, growing with beautiful sym- 
metry, along the streets, some of the students took 
leaves for botanical study. In the gardens and along 
the esplanades blazed the gorgeous Judas tree. Amid 
all of the bright display of vegetation and humanity 
arose the musical discord of jingling donkey bells, 
clanging goat bells and cries of the hawkers of every- 
thing imaginable, through the confusion of which 
wandered well-dressed tourists and scions of the nobil- 
ity, none of whom showed half so much independence 
as the pert little " Arabs " who followed me from 
street to street and shop to shop, for fun and for 
pennies. I am now on the boat but I feel as if I have 
left behind me the rest of the world. While in Pal- 
ermo I was magnetized by the queerness of the sights 
and sounds and I quite forgot my identity. This 
little world, so insignificant in the eyes of Europe or 
America, moved and lived just as if it was the " Whole 
Thing." 

But for one reason, Sicily might be a paradise in 
every point of excellence. This she can never be 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 12, 1909. 



29 



unless she awakes to the fact of one fundamental 
cause of a country's greatness; and it will take tifty 
or seventy-five years for her to redeem herself after 
she once resolves upon the task. That same prohleni 
of national economic value is pressing for solution 
right now in the United States. Our president spoke 
of it in his last message. I expect to refer to it again 
in the following letter after seeing more of this same 
country. I am sure that my readers will agree with 
nie that it is one of the vital cjuestions that Americans 
have to solve or give up their right to the honor of 
being the most progressively progressive nation 
around the earth. 

All night we sailed and early the next morning we 
passed through the narrow channel hetween Sicil\' 




Oil Sunday He Takes His Own and His Neighbor's Family Out for an .firing. 



and Italy, where Scylla and Charybdis are said by 
mytholog\- to sit enthroned in the sand. Scylla is 
now a modern town on the mainland of Italy, on our 
left as we pass through the strait, and Charybdis must 
be the ugly sand bank which thrusts its nose out into 
the sea on our right, which is from the northeast 
corner of triangular Sicily. I wonder now if the 
Romans did ever really believe in this fable and if 
sailors did lose their lives here while listening to their 
singing. I heard the same song, or imagined I heard 
it, as the little wavelets washed upon the bank, ran 
over the pebbly lieach and back again into the sea. 
T can easily see how superstitious sailors, losing their 
ordinary skill in maneuvering their ships, and be- 
lieving in fate anyway, could be dashed upon one or 
the other of these treacherous points in this narrow 
channel, at night or in a storm. 

Just as the big round red globule of sun came up 



and out of the sea between Scylla and Charybdis, our 
boat dropped her heavy anchor in the quiet Bay of 
Messina. This is the city that gave the name to that 
fine variety of orange, the Messina. But it was mis- 
named. It is raised at Catania, south of Messina, 
which I reach in a day or two. It is shipped from 
Messina, or was, in the early days of exports, and 
so takes the name from its shipping point. 

The vessel is to lie here till midnight and so I went 
down the flying steps of the ship's side, hired a boat 
and was rowed to land. With the biggest and best 
buildings first, the city is built right along the edge of 
the inward curving bay, and makes a fine appearance 
from the sea. 

Hotel Trinacria fronts on the bav where I took 

luncheon and din- 
ner, like any first- 
class tourist, sav- 
in'g the ship's cook 
that much, a n d 
glad for the change 
of diet. From the 
dining hall I could 
look out on the 
many ships lying 
in the harbor, ships 
for all ports of the 
?ilediterranean. At 
my table a family 
of seven fro m 
Brooklyn and a 
man from Phila- 
delphia took their 
meals, and I felt 
as though I was in 
good company in a 
strange part of the 
world. 
But Sicily is off the beaten path of tourists. The 
jolly companies of English, German, and American 
travelers who are seen everywhere during the season 
in Switzerland or Italy, never get so far as the en- 
chanted isle guarded by Charybdis and haunted by 
Polyphemus. The cruise along the Levant, to the 
far East, to Turkey and the Holy Land and Egypt, as 
also Greece, is too far for the two-month summer 
traveler. 

.\t nine that night I returned to the seaside to go 
aboard my ship. It was not far out in the bay — I 
could have swum easily to the ship, but it would have 
been dangerous to do so. I might have been run down 
by a launch or become tangled in refuse dumped into 
the sea. The little boats that clamored to bring me in 
to the shore had all put in for the night. The Letiiiibro 
had completed her unloading and finished taking on 
her cargo. She was lying quietly there, but turned 



30 



THE IXGLENOOK.— lamiarv 12. 1909. 



end for end by the tide that had come in during the 
evening. I'p and down the dark wharf, in and out 
of the shipping sheds, nearly stepping off into the 
sea at times, I ran the entire length of the bay. calling 
for a boatman. Xo one answered nie. 1 swung my- 
self down from the planking and examined each l)uat 
as it lay rocking, and as the ever-moving waves 
lapped them, now on one side, now on the other, but 
found them all securely chained and locked. What 
would have happened to the boat if I could have 
g.it one loosened, after it had taken me to the vessel, 
I need not conjecture. It might have been lost on 
the high sea, but it is not probable, for the tide here 
has but little power to .steal away anything floating 
upon it in the secluded bay. and I think I could have 
fastened It to the floating freight boat by the side of 
the vessel. The boatnran, knowing the cause, would 
not regret its use under sucli circumstances. 

Then I went back into the town, calling out for a 
boatman, in English, in French, and in Italian, and 
before long a man came running at the top of his 
speed, saying, " Yes, I'll take you all out." He had 
heard mv three different calls in three languages and 
thinking it was a party of three cr more who wished to 
l)e carried out to the boat that he knew was to sail at 
midnight he was eager to get ■" us all " into his own 
boat before other of his competitors came down. He 
took me "all" out. but it was only one fare he re- 
ceived when he had deposited " us " on the Lctiiiibro. 
that not long after raised her anchor, whistled her 
signal, and steamed away for the harbor of Catania 
and grapes, down along the coast near Syracuse. 

AU Rights Re.servecl. 

•J* :* V* 

AN APPROPRIATE NAME 

J. C. FLOK.V. 

A SHORT time ago 1 was walking along the street of 
the little town in wliich I live, when I noticed a new 
sign on the window of a ])uildiiig in which a restaurant 
was formerly kept. 

I had previousl)- learned that the man who owned 
the building and had been running the restaurant ex- 
pected to close his business and had rented the build- 
ing to a saloon man. Hence I was not surprised to see 
the sign changed. But tlie thing that especially at- 
tracted my attention was the name that had been given 
to this new salf)on. The name was this, " Hog Pen 
P.ar." 

After all, the name is very appropriate. When you 
turn a hog out of the pen, one of the first things that 
he will do is to wallow in some mire. So it is with 
those that visit the saloon often. — the\- come out and 
wallow in the mire. 

In this respect, then, the saloon is like a hog pen. 
but in most respects it is much worse, for the liog 
that wallows in the mire can be washed clean as be- 



fore, but not so with the poor victim of the saloon- 
who is wallowing in the mire. You can't wash the 
stain ivom his character, you can"l wash away the 
anguish from the soul of his broken-hearted wife ; 
you can't wash away the cries of his poor little help- 
less children who are shivering with cold and perish- 
ing with hunger; no, you cannot wash the misery an 1 
wretchedness from the drunkard's home: nor the 
shame and disgrace from the character of the man- 
who sold him the drink; nor the responsibility from 
those who voted to grant him the license to engage i i 
destroying tlie characters of men, breaking the herrts 
of women and blighting the lives of children. 

( )h, when will the people of our boasted Christian 
nation awake to the awfulness and blackness of this 
traffic ! 

Some say it cannot he stopped. It can.be stopped 
and will be stopped just as soon as the Christian peoiih 
of tile world say, " It must be stopped." 

" Then will virtue take tlie place of vice in evjry 
human heart. Tlien will e\'ery aspiration be for siniie- 
thing higher and nobler." 

Claris, N. Mcx. 

,4 .< ,< 
MAKE-BELIEVE. 

Let's dream, like the cliild in its playing:; 

Let's make us a sky and a sea; 
Let's change the' things 'round us by saj'ing 

They're things that we wish them to be; 
.And if there is sadness or sorrow, 

Let's dream till we charm it away; 
Let'.s learn from the children and borrow 

.\ saying from cliildhood — " Let's play." 

Let's play that the world's full of beauty; 
Let's play there are roses in bloom; 

Let's play there is pleasure in duty 
And light where wc thought tliere was gloom; 

Let's play that this heart with its sorrow- 
Is bidden be joyous and glad; 

I,et's play that we'll find on tomorrow 
The joys that we never have had. 

Let's play that regret with its ruing 

Ls banished forever and aye; 
Let's play there's delight but in doing; 

Let's play there are flowers by the way. 
However the pathway seem dreary, 

Wherever the footsteps may lead; 
Let's play there's a song for the weary 

If only the heart will give heed. 

Let's play we have done with repining; 

Let's play that our longings are still; 
Let's play that the sunlight is shining 

To gild the green slope of the hill; 
Let's play there are birds blithely flinging 

Their songs of delight to the air; 
Let's play that the world's full of singing. 

Let's play there i-^ love everywhere. 



..*« ^ Jt 



-J. W. Foley. 



"W'hii.i-: we are deliberating on the time when we 
are to begin, the time for action is lost." 



i 



THE INGLEXOOK.— laimarv 12, l')G9. 



ol 



MYTHS AND THEIR ORIGIN 

" Thickk are stories." said Sir Philip Sidney. " which 
can draw old men from the chimney corner and chil- 
dren from their pla}." It is not the material things 
hut the immaterial that move us most profoundly. It 
is truth, heauty and goodness that can drag men out 
of saloons, make them abandon gambling hells, com- 
pel them to drop nefarious schemes. Then tell us a 
1:)eautiful story, sing us an enchanting song, paint us 
a lovely picture, show us a divine ideal and we will 
follow you to the ends of the earth : such things can 
lie claimed for the myths. 

M\"ths are tlu- spontaneous and imaginative form in 
which iumian intelligence and human emotions con- 
ceive and represent themselves and things in general. 

They are the i)sychical and physical mode in which 
man projects himself into all the phenomena which lie 
is able to apprehend and perceive. Myths are the 
earliest form in which the mind of heathen people 
recognized the universe and things divine. 

In the relics of antiquity we have abundant proof 
that the material things alone were not uppermost in 
their minds. " God did not leave them without a wit- 
ness at any time, but caused the invisible things to be 
shown by those that do appear," and among the most 
savage races there was always this feeling of the ".\11 
leather " within their hearts, and this striving after 
the " Divine " was shown through stories and the mys- 
terious worship of nature. Some one has defined 
myths as a far-awav voice calling after God. 

The origin of myths in their essential elements con- 
sists in the personification and animation of all natural 
phenomena, as well as all dreams, illusions, and hallu- 
cinations of the mind. Through this feeling of the 
mysterious in everything primitive man took the things 
of nature and made of them gods, making of all nature 
living beings powerful enough to bring harvest or 
famine, cahn or storm, sickness or deatli, trouble or 
'disaster. 

Myths are powerful in directing the emotions, and 
in training in courage, real manliness, respect for the 
loody, reverence for nature and a quick feeling for the 
beauty and wonder of the now dimly understood mvs- 
teries. 

We must not. in teaching the myths, be didactic nor 
overload them with interpretations, for the story is 
naturally the chief interest to the child. 

Teachers of young children know the value of myths 
in the schoolrooms, for they always have a deep and 
liidden truth wliich the children appropriate. The\- 
give the teacher an opportunity to emphasize the vn-- 
tues. for as I'roebel says, " Emphasize the virtues and 
the vices will tlee away." 

Oftentimes a story told of an honest hov or girl 
will bring forth the truth from your pupil. 

Myth>^ Imve survived their primitive meanings and 



are the cradle songs of literature. Many of the .-Vrvan 
mxths are sun myths: they generally showed that 
■■ Day " triumphed over " Night " and " Good." wliich 
is Eight, over " Bad." which is Darkness. This we 
find is the meaning of " Eittle Red Riding Hood." She 
was the twilight folded in a scarlet cloak and sent 
out by her mother Day into the woods : while there 
she was met by the Wolf, which means Night. Slie 
was eaten up by the wolf as day is swallowed up in 
darkness. Some of our best educators think that mvths 
should not be given children under ten Aears old. Their 
ojiinion is that it trains the imagination too much, 
makes the children dreamers and idealists and has the 
tendency to make them untnithful. That mav lie so. 
but none of us have enough imagination nor enough 
ideals in our lives. Those people that have " done 
things in life for the betterment of humanity are those 
who have ' seen visions " and ' dreamed dreams." " 

Myths may be divided into: 1. Pure myths, of which 
Jack and Jill, " The I'gly Duckling," and Red Riding 
Hood are good examples. 2. Historical myths, such 
as The Iliad, The Odyssey, the Idylls of the King. 
Vision of Sir Eaunfal. 3. Nature myths, such as 
Clytie, How Daphne Became a Tree. The Discontented 
Pine Tree. 

Only those pieces of literature live that have made 
a universal appeal to human nature, so that literature 
not only helps to mold civilization but each individual. 
As it is through literature that we receive our noblest 
and best thoughts, it is to that we turn to gain our 
best instruction for children. It is not enough to tell 
them of their duty and love to be shown toward their 
countr\-, their love for parents and each other, the right 
ideas of truthfulness, kindness, and unselfishness, but 
these beautiful truths can best be carried home through 
the avenue of story and poem. This .scattering of 
sublime thoughts of great-souled writers tends to make 
the world less selfish, for thc\- help to make each one 
more .sympathetic and lenient towards others and to 
give one a broader inlEience and outlook into life as 
it really is. 

" Over and over again, 
No matter which way I turn. 
T always find in the Book of Life 
Some lessons T have to learn: 
T must take my turn at the mill; 
T must grind out the yellow grain, 
I must work at my task with a resolute will. 
Over and over again." 

— The Ohio Teacher. 

DR. HENRY SMITH WILLIAMS ON THE 
EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL. 

.An important thing for anti-saloon people to re- 
member is that there is no point of view from which 
the drinking of intoxicating liquor as a beverage is 
defensible. There is no ground that the defender of 
the .saloon can hold for one moment in the face of 



32 



THE INGLICXOUK.— lanuarv 12, 1909. 



the trull). If any saloon advocate has ever presented 
an argument which seemed to you sound or reason- 
able, it was because you did not know the truth. The 
one great thing, therefore, is to know the truth, " and 
the truth shall make you free " — free to assert with- 
out hesitation that the beverage use of liquor is an 
unmitigated evil, and free to answer every plea that 
the saloon advocate can advance. 

Let us illustrate this. In the August number of 
McChire's Magazine, Professor Munsterberg, a mem- 
ber of the faculty of Yale University, the very ablest 
apologist that the liquor beverage users could find 
anywhere, made a plea for moderate drinking. Even 
he admitted that the American saloon was an accursed 
thing and ought to be abolished; so that even the 
greatest of all advocates of moderate drinking is an 
anti-saloon man. But this scholarly writer, without 
having taken the pains to inform himself on the 
actual scientific facts, held that in limited quantities 
intoxicating beverages produced a state of mind or 
excited emotions which had given to the world some 
of its choicest possessions in literature and art. He 
endeavored to show that a people who abstained en- 
tirely from the use of liquor as a beverage would 
not be so productive of the things which make life 
desirable as would a people who moderately indulge 
in such beverages. 

Much that he said was stale and commonplace, and 
had been successfully contradicted over and over 
again. But he said it in a new way — in a very charm- 
ing and attractive way, and it was caught up by the 
liquor people and by the average newspaper and 
printed and circulated throughout the country, and 
many a friend of the anti-saloon movement felt that 
the cause had received a severe jolt. McClure's Maga- 
zine was set down as an enemy and thousands of 
bitter letters were sent to its editor by temperance 
people. 

But McClure's has redeemed itself. If it ever had 
any idea of aligning itself with the liquor forces it has 
seen a great light. But it probably was on the right 
track from the start. By opening its pages for the 
liquor people to make the very strongest presentation 
of their case that could possibly be made, it paved the 
way for the complete and overwhelming refutation 
of the only claim seriously made for the moderate 
use of into.\icating beverages by the greatest of its 
champions. 

In the October number of McClure's, two months 
after the Munsterberg article appeared. Dr. Henry 
Smith Williams, a man whose scholarship is of the 
highest rank, in a masterly article sets forth a series 
of scientific experiments bearing directly on the effect 
on the human organism of so small a quantity as a 
single glass of beer or wine a day. Anyone who care- 
fully reads the doctor's description of his patient and 
careful experiments and their results cannot get away 



from his conclusions, which he sums up as follows. 
He says : 

" I am bound to believe, on the evidence, that if you 
take alcohol habitually, in any quantity whatever, it 
is to some extent a menace to 3'ou. I am bound to 
believe, in the light of what science has revealed : 

" 1. That you are tangibly threatening the physical 
structures of your stomach, your liver, your kidneys^ 
your heart, your blood vessels, your nerves, your brain. 

" 2. That you are unequivocally decreasing your 
capacity for work in any field, be it ph\-sical, intellec- 
tual, or artistic. 

"3. That you are in some measure lowering the 
grade of your mind, dulling your higher aesthetic 
sense, and taking the finer edge off your morals. 

■' 4. That you are distinctly le'ssening your chances 
of maintaining health and attaining longevity. 

" 5. That you may be entailing upon your descend- 
ants yet unborn a bond of incalculable misery." 

In the December number of McClure's, Dr. Wil- 
liams treats of " Alcohol and the Community " with 
the same careful regard for scientific accuracy. Step 
l)y step he establishes the truth which he summar- 
izes in conclusion. Referring, at the close, to the 
statements he has drawn from ofificial and scientific 
authorities in this country and in Europe, he says : 

" They give secure warrant for the belief that at 
least one-third of all the recognized pauperism in 
the most highly civilized communities of Christen- 
dom results from bodily and mental inefficiency due 
to alcoholic indulgence. 

" A similar correspondence of testimony shows, as 
we have seen, that the same cause is responsible for 
the mental overthrow of fully one-fourth of all the 
unfortunates who are sent to asylums for the insane : 
for the misfortunes of two-fifths of neglected or aban- 
doned children ; and for the moral delinquencies of 
at least half of the convicts in our prisons, and of not 
less than" four-fifths of the inmates of our jails and 
workhouses. 

" We have previously seen how alcohol adds to the 
death roll through alliance with all manner of physic- 
al maladies. Did space permit, it might be shown 
how largely the same common enemy is responsible 
for suicides and sudden deaths by accident in many 
lands, for the universal prevalence of unspeakable dis- 
eases with all that they may imply, and for a large 
proportion of such sases of marital infelicity as find 
record in the divorce courts. 

" But these, after all, are only minor details within 
the larger scheme of human suffering already out- 
lined. The insane, the criminals of various types, 
and the recipients of charity make up the great mass 
of abnormal members of the body-politic whose un- 
fitness receives official recognition. 

" Let it be particularly borne in mind that the con- 
clusions just presented as to the causal relation of 



THE INGLEXOOK.— January 12, 1909. 



33 



alcohol to the production of each of these abnormal 
elements of society are as far removed as possible 
from mere sentimental estimate or pessimistic guesses. 
They are inductions based on careful surveys of evi- 
dence. Dealing with matters of great complexity, 
they are subjects to a good deal of latitude, for rea- 
sons that I have given ; but they are sufficiently pre- 
cise to serve the purpose of reasonably secure scien- 
tific hypotheses. Considered as gages of the misery 
caused by alcohol, our percentages are utterly inade- 
quate, to be sure. 

" There is a vast host of victims of alcohol that 
cannot thus be classified, as a moment's consideration 
will show. 

" For every individual that dies prematurely of a 
disease directly due to alcohol, there are scores of in- 
dividuals that sufifer to a lesser degree from mala- 
dies which are wholly or in part of the same origin, 
but which are not directly fatal. 

" For every patient that suffers complete mental 
collapse as the result of alcoholism, tliere are scores 
of patients that are victims of epilepsies, neurasthe- 
nias, neuralgias, choreas and palsies of alcoholic origin. 

" For every criminal that alcohol sends to prison, 
there are scores of persons whose moral delinquen- 
cies, induced or emphasized by alcohol, are not of 
the indictable order, yet are a source of suffering to 
their friends, and a detriment to humanity. 

" For every incapable who, weakened by alcohol, 
acknowledges defeat in the life battle and openly seeks 
alms, there are scores of individuals that feel the 
pressure of want in greater or less degree because 
the money that might have supplied necessaries and 
luxuries has gone for drink, yet that strive to hide 
their indigence. 

" But the members of all these vast companies of 
sufferers lie without the field of the statistician. They 
have no share in the estimates that have just been 
presented. 

" As we view this joyless pageant, the vast major- 
ity of its members impelled by a power they loathe 
yet must obey, a realizing sense comes to us of the 
tyranny exercised over humanity, generation after 
generation, by this arch enemy of progress." 

Anyone who wants to satisfy himself that these 
conclusions of Dr. Williams are based on sufficient 
evidence — evidence that will stand any test that can 
be suggested by the most intelligent friend that the 
liquor traffic can produce — should procure the Oc- 
tober and December numbers of McChtre's Magazine 
and read the articles for himself. They are the most 
powerful and telling blows that have been dealt to 
the delusion that moderate drinking is harmless. — The 
Illinois Issue. st * st 

OSIER CULTURE. 

The fact that a Chicago merchant recently adver- 
tised in German trade papers for a million willow- 



clothes-baskets, looks as if this country is neglecting 
a profitable industry. Why shouldn't we Americans 
grow enough willows for our own basket needs? 
The climatic conditions here are as favorable as in 
Germany, and many of us have places on our farms 
where willows would thrive if planted. 

Willow (or osier) cultivation is not difficult, and 
profits are usually good. But up to the present time 
very few Americans have taken hold of the matter in 
earnest. The Germans handle the business well. 
They have industrial schools where basket weaving 
is taught. Man}- of these schools grow their own 
willow rods, cut them, and peel and prepare them for 
use. To the mutual advantage of both pupils and pro- 
prietors, arrangements are made to allow pupils to 
w-ork part of the time in the " holts," as the willow 
fields are called, belonging to the schools, and in that 
way earn enough to pay their tuition and board. 

There are a number of willow-ware manufacturers 
in the United States, but only about one-tenth of them 
grow their own stock, although they assert that the 
home-grown rods are equal to the imported. 

Good holts pay a profit the first year, though the 
profits of later years are much greater. The average 
price of unpeeled rods last year was about one and a 
quarter cents a pound, and of peeled rods about seven 
cents. A well-managed willow holt should average 
2,500 pounds of rods to the acre yearly, and the cost 
of growing and harvesting the crop is comparatively 
low. 

Selection of soil : To make osier holts most prof-^ 
itable such soils should be selected as can not be 
otherwise used to advantage. Very poor soil, how- 
ever, should be avoided. The best soil is a fresh, 
black sand, but even a heavy, compact loam, or rich 
but sour meadow land, which produces the poorest 
quality of grass, is acceptable. The situation ought 
to be low, level and naturally moist. The osier will 
prosper, however, in a somewhat dry soil, in which 
the shoots will not only be smaller, but harder, tougher 
and more compact and durable. The best situation, 
when the object is free and rapid growth, is along 
the banks of rivers and brooks. Drained marsh land 
is often used. 

The proper planting distance is about 9 x 21 inches 
apart. Several varieties are grown. A holt, when 
once established, is good for about fifteen years, and 
should then be renewed. 

Instructions for the growing of basket willows are 
sent out by the Forest Service, United States De- 
partment of Agriculture, Washington. D. C, upon re- 
quest. The service is devoting special attention to 
testing every known variety of basket willow in order 
to find the best varieties for home growers. In the 
early springtime cuttings from all approved basket 
willows are sent gratis to applicants w-ho desire to 
establish willow holts. — Farm Journal. 



:4 



THE IXGLliXDDK.— Ji'.miarv 



')Cy. 



Nature Studies 




GLOBIGERINA OOZE 

N. .1. Mir.r.iju. 

About Globigerina ooze is wdwii a hit of serinis 
«3isctission. Huxley and lamest 1 liickel started the 
train of philosciphical thought. ! [uxley, especiall\'. 
argued that the stickiness of the ooze, a deep sea 
mud, was due to Hving masses of protopkism, which 
was in the past, and would be in the future, the origin 
of life upon earth. He called it bathybius and be- 
lieved it " a vast sheet of living matter enveloping 
-the whole earth beneath the seas." He, as well as 
some small and large philosophers, was certain it 
was the bridge between the inorganic and organic 
world. Upon it was the hope of those believing in 
abiogenesis rather than biogenesis, in spontaneous gen- 
.eration rather than in the dictum. "All life from life." 
D. F. Strauss (1872), a powerful thinker, made 
tathybius the basis of his negation of the supernat- 
ural, a work entitled, "The Old Faith and the New." 
His entire anti-christian philosophy rested upon 
Huxley's Bathybius Hackelii. About that time and 
after the English ship, " Challenger," made deep- 
sea dredgings of the ocean, carefully charting its 
contour, life and deposits. The microscopic examina- 
tion of the sea mud, or ooze, proved Huxley's Bathy- 
t)ius Hackelii to be simply a " Complex mass of slime 
with many foreign bodies and debris of living organ- 
isms which have jiassed away. Numerous minute 
living forms are. however, still found upon it." Since 
-that tiine deep sea mud, Globigerina ooze, has been 
well understood and Bathybius Hackelii has taken " its 
place with other ghosts of not blessed memory in the 
"history of hasty speculation." 

Globigerina or Foraminiferal ooze is simply a deej) 
sea deposit consisting largely of nearly or altogether 
microscopic animals or their shells. The animals 
principally belong to the group known as Foraminifera. 
gelatinous forms having calcareous shells enclosing 
the central protoplasm, the outer mass forming intri- 
cate interlacing threads. The most common forms 
■belong to the Globigerina? having chambered shells. 
Other organic matter and pumice arc found, in the 
.ooze though from 30 to 90 per cent Globigerin;e. 

Jn the modern i>fean the I'oraminiferal life is verv 



great — countless millions are un the surface nf the 
sea in calm weather. Here as elsewhere death stalks 
relentlessly. The dead forms gradually sink to the 
ocean floor, where to the observer, if his vision were 
perfect enough, they would seem like countless drops 
in a gust of rain. In tRis way the ooze, the life and 
death of minute animals, is slowl\- accumulating. 
How long the ooze has been forming no one knows, 
though the geologist uses ages for his measuring 
rod. At the present rate of deposition thousands of 
years would be recjuired to form deposits much less 
than a foot thick. 

The chalk cliffs and beds of Iowa, Kansas, Texas 




Foraminifera ( diaggrammatic). 

and Eurn|)c, in some places manv feet tliick. are simply 
beds of former (dobigerina ooze. Grind to powder a 
piece of chalk and view it under a microscope, there 
will be seen shells of animals almost identical with 
those forming the ooze on the bottom of the Gulf of 
Mexico and the Atlantic. These tombs mutely prove 
that the countries where they exist were once the 
bottom of deep seas, great arms of the Atlantic on 
both coasts. The seas must have been n:ore than 
one thousand fathoms since the mechanical drifts in 
more shallow depths are so overwhelmingly more 
than the Globigerina ooze that the latter is lost si.ght 
of. Thev were less than three thousand fathoms 
since at a deiith of twent\-five hundred feet the car- 



THE I.XGLEXOOK.— lamiarv 12. 1').'). 



bon-(Iioxi(le, increasing with sea depth, is sufficient in 
quantity to dissolve the calcium carbonate shells. Its 
attack npoji calcium carhnnate would not permit the 
ooze to collect on ocean floors below that depth, just 
as is obtained today. 

It is an iiitcrestiut;- fact that the Globigerinae of the 
chalk cliffs dift'er \'ery little from those forming the 
slimy gray mud at the bottom of our modern ocean. 
Though there are more than twice as many fossil 
species than those living now the same type of struc- 
ture persists. Since the sediments forming the chalk 
cliffs were palpitant with life great portions of the 
earth have been lifted out of the waters, mountains 
have been built, river systems formed, valleys 
drowned, streams beheaded, mountain passes cut 
down great canyons worn out of the face of nature, 
nations born and decayed yet the chambered and per- 
forated shells of the Globigerinae of today have the 
same variety of pattern, shape, symmetry and beauty 
as those of the ancient seas. Thus they were as far' 
back as can be traced in the geological history of 
the earth and the time to come, though long it may 
be. will ])erhaps witness little change in the form of 
shell and the intricate interlacing threads of proto- 
plasm. 

i3^ 5^% ^s^ 

HUMOR IN ANIMALS. 
E\"ERV young person who owns a dog or cat will 
agree with a writer in the London Daily News who in- 
sists that animals not only think and reason, but also 
have a keen sense of humor. We knew a fine exponent 
of this theory, a beautiful collie named " Jack." Dear 
doggie, he died of a good old age, with the love of 
all who l<new him. He would " play wolf " with every 
indication of savagery and fierceness, with gleaming 
teeth and snarling jaws, and eyes that glared like the 
wild animal he was imitating. The rough tumbling he 
alwa\s received and the attacks of his human comrades 
in the game never deceived him for a moment. He 
knew it was all fim and play, and threw himself into 
the sport with all his heart. He thoroughly enjoved 
the humor of the situation and rushed upon his antag- 
oni':ts with a perfectly assumed savager\-, but he never 
forgot to be gentle even in the most exciting moments. 
Jack's sharp teeth and powerful jaws were ever kept 
for defense against his enemies, and never used 
to injure his friends, lie had a wonderful brain, and 
often thought matters out in a way that was truly 
astonishing. Eor many weeks, for instance, he trotted 
out dail\' to receive the mail from the postman. This 
was easil\- taught him, and he was proud of the honor 
thrust upon him. It so happened that there was mail 
I'very day for a long time, and he and the postman bt- 
came " speaking acc|uaintances." But one morning 
the postman passed by the house with no documents to 
hand to Jack. He went out to meet him as usual, and 
followed him a few steps in expectation. The postman 



was absorbed, however, and paid no attention to the 
dog. Jack stopped in concern, waited a moment in 
deep thought, and then flew at the postman's heels, to 
that individual's intense astonishment and concern. 
The dog's master, fortunatel}', was a witness to tlie 
scene, and, thoroughly understanding the situation, 
came to the rescue by calling, " (jive him something ; 
he wants the mail : he thinks vou are robbing- us." 
Quickly the postman handed Jack a newspaper, and ho 
in his turn, with the air of a conquering hero, carried 
the paper to his master, entirely pacified and content, 
and evidentl}' very proud of his success. Thereafte;- 
the postman had something at hand to give to the dog 
each time he passed by the house, and there was never 
an}- further trouble, and in due time thev became good 
friends. 

I'^om the article previously mentioned come the fol- 
lowing facts concerning a kitten and her love of fui> 
and frolic : 

" I was once the possessor of a beautiful little 
Persian cat, with whom we used to play at times with 
ball games. She entered into these with great gusto, 
and sometimes when there was notliing stirring she 
would appear carrying the ball in her mouth. Then 
she would lay it at the feet of one of us who seemed 
inclined for a game, and, looking up with an arch ex- 
pression, she would stand ready to begin. The slap- 
dash explanation of acts like these as " instinct ' is, of 
course, ridiculous, though even in those cases where 
it does apply it is at best but a cover for our ignorance 
of deeper explanations. 

" Xow, play itself involves a certain sense of humor, 
but certain other manifestations were more precisf".. 
Ki!t\- used to play on the balcony — this was in Paris — 
and when she wanted to come in she would stand on 
her hind legs and .scratch fiercely at the window with 
an assumed look of excitement and alarm that re- 
minded one of a caricature of Louis Wain's. When 
she entered I would generally take her up on my shoul- 
der to hear her purr. 

'■ One sunny da\- as I was reading I heard the famil- 
iar scratching, and, looking round, found her stand- 
ing in her attitude of great anxiety. I went to the 
window and opened it, and she made a step forward, 
but when I tried to pick her up she turned around and 
ran up the balcony, looking behind her shoulder and 
with a laugh all over her face. She enjoyed that joke 
immensely." — Srlcctcd. 

" That the ruthless destruction of forests, the heed- 
less neglect of waterwaxs. the reckless disposition of 
the public lands and the wild waste of mineral re- 
sources ought to be discontinued is admitted by every- 
one who is net financially i-^terested in their d?struc- 
tion, neglect and waste." 



36 



III'. INGLENOOK.— January 12. 1009. 



THE INGLENOOK 

A Weekly Magazine 

PUBI,ISHED BY 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL. 
Subscription price, $1.00 per Annum, in Advance. 



The Inglenook stands for material and spiritual progress. 

Its departments are: Literary. Editorial, Home, Cream o( 
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Its qualities are: Good Sentiment, Moral Convictions, Inspi- 
ration. 

Its purpose is: To safeguard home life by supplanting and 
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Its scope of matter is; Scientitic. Religious. Educational, 
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fits field is: The World. 

Liberal commission given to agents. Sample copies are 
given upon request. When changing address give both old 
and new addresses. 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

THE DIVORCE EVIL. 

SOMETIMES a great evil, — for a long time clearly 
recognized as such, — becomes so common that aft- 
er awhile even the better class of people seem not only 
to countenance it, but even to approve of it. We have 
in mind now the divorce evil. When we think of its 
history we recall the familiar words of Pope on the in- 
sidiousness of vice : 

" Vice is a monster of so frightful mien, 
As to be hated, needs but to be seen 
But seen too oft, familiar with her face, 
We first endure, then pity, then embrace." 

It is to be feared that when we express ourselves 
on the subject that it is not always with the ring of 
utter disapproval which should characterize our speech 
as Christians and as those who have at heart the wel- 
fare of our country. And when we are silent, — and 
most of us are silent on the subject,- — our attitude is 
taken to be that of tolerance at least or maybe even 
of approval. 

\ recent issue of the Home Herald publishes the 
following from the pen of Mrs. William H. Taft, wife 
of our President-elect : 

" If it were in my power, divorce would be stopped 
entirely. Of course, there are cases where separation 
might be legally granted, but there should be no re- 
marriage allowed. The laxity of our divorce law is a 
menace to the very moral fiber of our nation. It is an 
appalling evil, and it seems to be on the increase in- 
stead of diminishing. I remember the time when one 
read of persons one never knew who obtained divorces, 
but now every one comes in contact with divorced peo- 
ple — in every class of society — one's own personal 
friends on every hand. It is countenanced by the so- 
called highest social circles, and it is made light of, 
and a woman, in many instances, is received with as 
much favor after she is divorced as she was before. 
Such conditions are shocking and are most demoraliz- 
ing. Wherever and whenever I could do anything to 
influence legislators to make more stringent divorce 



laws, I would do it, and I believe that every womar 
in America should feel the same way." 

We honor the woman who thus bravely stands out 
against a popular evil, and we trust that her example 
may be the means of giving to some of us the moral 
courage we need to stand by our convictions. The evil 
is so widespread that if those who know it as such keep 
silent, the world will sweep on in ignorance to the 
shameful end it will bring. 

:< ,<* ,1 
GOOD ADVICE TO JEWS. 

DR. EMIL G. HIRSCH, the eminent Jewish rabbi 
of Chicago, gave his people some wholesome 
advice during a service in the Sinai Temple not long 
ago. His theme was the " adaptation of religion to 
modern need^." 

He made a general plea for all the Jews of the earth 
to unite for international peace. " If all the Jews of 
all the nations should work together for international 
peace, how far away would it be ? " he asked. " There 
is a great opportunity of modern times which the Jews 
should grasp. 

" Another is a settlement of the questions between 
capital and labor. The Jew is the barometer of civil- 
ization. Show me how a Jew is treated in any com- 
munity and I will tell you the state of civilization of 
that community. If it could be said there is no Jewish 
house of commerce where provisions are not made for 
the workers, in excess of the economic demands of 
the day, our influence would be materially felt in set- 
tling the controversy between labor and capital. Some 
few Jews already take this advanced ground, let others 
follow." 

Before concluding his talk Dr. Hirsch made an 
appeal to the loyalty of his hearers in behalf of the 
new Sinai institutional synagogue which has been un- 
der consideration for a year and plans for which 
were to have been made public before this time. He 
urged the building of the synagogue on the grounds" 
that they owed it to the community and that they 
could not do their share in meeting the needs of mod- 
ern religion without it. Dr. Hirsch is growing old, 
but he is alive to the demands that may be made upon 
his people when he is gone and he is anxious that 
they shall bear a noble part in the work of the world. 
Ji ^* Jt 
FOR THE EARTHQUAKE SUFFERERS. 

J.\x. 4. by unanimous vote. Congress appropriated 
$800,000 for the earthquake sufferers. President 
Roosevelt by special message having asked that 
amount. This is the largest amount ever given to 
the stricken people of a foreign land by the United 
States or any other government. In addition, the 
battle ship fleet and any other necessarv ships of the 
navy were placed at the disposal of the President in 
carrying out the relief work authorized. 

This $800,000 does not include the private contri- 



THE I NGLENOOK.— January 12, 1909. 



37 



butions from all over tlu- country which swell the 
fund to stupendous proportions. While all the money 
given cannot make up for all the loss and sutifering, 
it will do much in that direction and is our best means 
of lending aid and expressing our sympathy. 
■^* ,,«« .< 
NOTES ON THE GREAT EARTHQUAKE. 

I WAS in Palermo and a longer time in Catania and 
Messina. In Messina, the hotel at which I stopped 
has now been totally wrecked, killing all the American 
and other tourists — so I read. The U. S. consul, 
upon whom I called, is also dead. 

The people in these places were very good to me. 
My heart is sad at their great loss. The single fu- 
neral procession I saw there is now duplicated by 
^0,000 processions of lone journeyings to the other 
shore. 

Beggar and aristocrat sleep alike — both under the 
debris — victims of the world's greatest horror. 

H. M. Spickler. 

t3^ <!?• (i5* 

WON'T STAY LICKED. 

BONFORT'S, the big liquor magazine, in its Phila- 
delphia section (December 10, page 141), dis- 
cussing the Anti-Saloon League,' says : 

" The constant and abundant optimism of the oppo- 
nents of the liquor industry is the hardest thing to 
defeat. It is certainly very discouraging to lick a man 
who won't stay licked, but that is just the condition 
we are up against in this State. There is really very 
little chance of a local option measure passing the 
Legislature this winter, but this does not win the fight 
by any means, as the enthusiastic followers of this 
chimera say they will come back at us stronger than 
ever two years hence. And so they will, too, if their 
ammunition (money) holds out." 

Yes, that's the most discouraging thing about the 
Anti-Saloon League — discouraging to its enemies — it 
won't stay licked. It absolutely refuses to quit fight- 
ing. And there will be plenty of ammunition to fight 
this thing out to a finish. There's no hope for the 
enemy in that direction. 

The Anti-Saloon League is the united Church. The 
Church, as Superintendent Baker says, sometimes loses 
a battle, but never a war. This is war. — E.vclia)i<;c. 

r^ t,5* t?* 

THE SHADOW ON THE WALL 

JOHN H. NOWI.AN. 

The clock had struck the hour of nine. 
When at the muse's mystic shrine, 

Secluded and alone 
I sat. The January rain 
Fell coldly on the window-pane. 

T saw my shadow thrown 

Upon the wall, and smiled to see 
How little it resembled me. 
To my intense surprise. 



Its outline grew more bold and clear — • 
A human form was standing there 
Before my very eyes. 

Upon that form I vvond'ring gazed, 
Perplexed, bewildered, and amazed. 

But ne'er the silence broke. 
I questioned if it were a sprite 
From the Plutonian shores of night 

When thus to me it spoke: 

" Thou sordid son of greed and pelf, 
I am thy other better self. 

By thee too long suppressed. 
No man for self alone can live, 
For self no man his life can give, 

Nature will never rest. 

" Matter you never can destroy 
Though changed, she will it still employ 

In varied shapes and forms. 
The mould'ring vine will feed its mate. 
Or aid to other forms create. 

.'Knd when the raging storms 

" Shall whirl the chilling sleet and rain — 
When sweeps the awful hurricane 

And j'awns the deep abyss, 
Though earth's foundation reel and shake, 
The firm land quiver like a lake, 

Nothing can go amiss. 

" The crinoid with his fellows died 
,'\nd sank beneath the restless tide. 

Ere man this planet trod. 
The ferns their fronded branches cast 
Within the reeking foul morass, 

For 'twas the will of God 

" h'or mortals such as thou to store 
In cavern deep, on ocean floor, 

The energy of years — 
Yea. untold ages, and unfurled 
His boundless love to make this world 

The choicest of the spheres. 

" The coal that warms thy form tonight. 
The oil that fills the room with light. 

The stones beneath the walls, 
That keep the elements from thee. 
Prove that thy Father's love is free, 

Heed thou his earnest calls. 

"The past is gone, forever gone. 
The future is thy hope alone. 

So bow to his decree. 
Go face the world for truth and right. 
Live thou as he shall give thee light, 

-A-nd he will care for thee." 

The calm voice hushed. The form was still. 
.And as I watched I felt a thrill 

Of fear my being shake. 
I reached the outstretched hand to clasp. 
My book fell from my nerveless grasp, 

And I was wide-awake. 

You say 'twas but an idle dream. 
Perhaps, but it will ever seem 

Reality indeed. 
But 'tis not vain, if, false or true. 
It helps us to begin anew 

A better life to lead. 
Woburn, 111. 



0.S 



Till-: 1\(;LI-:X()()K.— lamuirv 12. VLV. 




^^^^ 







The Home World 



TURNING CHILDREN INTO 

DOLLARS 





^ 



') 



LAST summer some Americans traveling in Italy 
stopping aghast at a sight that met them on the 
outskirts of Palestrina. A child of about six 
was plodding between a small quarry and an unfinished 
house, with each trip bearing on her head a large 
stone for the builders. These 
.stones average<l at least twenty- 
five pounds in weight, and the 
child could not lift them alone. 
One of the elders busy at the 
same task would poise the bur- 
den for her, and it would be 
taken otf' at the other end. The 
face under the stone was gravely 
uncom])laining : already the back 
showed a deep incurve. .-Ml the 
spring — the elasticity of growth 
— seemed crushed out of the lit- 
tle figure. The Americans were 
horrifi^^d. They put questions, 
protested, and did what they 
could to get the burden lifted. 
Then they exclaimed to one another: "You don't 
see such things in .\merica I " "Thank (!od, a child 
can't be treated like that at home!" 

Xot long ago a cliild of si.\ walked down .\venue D. 
in Xew York City, carrying on her head a load of 
sweatshop " ])ants " — they are not trousers, at that 
price — weighing not less than twenty-five pounds. She 
had to walk several blocks with it and climb four 
flights of stairs, and when it was removed her work 
was only just beginning, for the endless buttons — • 
twelve to a pair — were to be sewed on by the brfiwn 
claws that gripped the bundle. She passed many 
.'\mericans on her way, buf no one noticed and no 
one was horrified. Several times a week .she has 
trudged over the same route under the same weight, 
in this land where " a child can't be treated like that." 
without arousing any public indignation. 



Delivering Sweatshop 

\Vork in N'AV 

Vnrk. 



The Xew York law declares that no child under 
fourteen shall work for hire, and no child between 
fourteen and si.xteen who cannot read and write sim- 
ple sentences in the English language, and show that 
he has attended school one hundred and thirty days 
during the previous year: he must be of normal height 
and development, and his day is limited to nine hours. 
It is a just law — good for the present industrial con- 
ditions, however the future may improve on it. In 
the mills and factories it can be more or less rigorousi , 
enforced, but there is a vast field of child la- 
bor at home that this law does not and can- 
not touch. 

To understand this, follow the si.\-years-old ])ants- 
liearer and her mother — whose load is thrice as big — 
up the four flights of their tenement, as I did, says 
Juliet W'ilbor Tompkins in Success Mai;a::iiic. .\n 
oiler to help the little girl with her pack was intro- 
duction enough, and a few stray words of Italian 
established friendship on the long journey up. They 
are dark stairs, a skeleton of stone and iron, with 
walls of lurid pink and gresn, smeared and blotched 
and broken, and the stale air reeks 
of indecent poverty. Half naked 
babies crawl out into the hall to 
peer through the banisters at us ; 
a careworn little girl of about sev- 
en is sitting on a step rocking a 
shrieking child, her little shoulders 
strained with its weight, but her 
face maternally patient. " Hello, 
teacher ! " calls a child of school 
> ears — almost any woman visitor is 
addressed as " teacher " in the ten- 
ements. To the (|uestion, " Why aren't you at 
school?" she replies with ?. vague murmur about a 
sore finger, and a moment later she is vanishing with 
cautious speed down the stairs. .At the same time a 
grimy little boy pas.ses with a can that is obviously on 







This Boy Longs for 
Cha'ce to Go 
to School. 



THE I.\"(iLI-:.\( )l)K.— Uuniarv 1. 



1<),<). 



39 







All Average Messenger 

Boy Who Works in a 

Hotbed of Iniquitj'. 



its way to the saloon for beer — two Ijrokcn laws cxliil)- 
ited ill the space of sixty seconds. 

The door of the apartment we arc seekiui;" stantis 
open to the odors of the hall, and the owners, bciiis' 
Italians, smile shy welcome, settinsj out a chair, throne- 
like, in the middle of the main room, even while their 
hands are busy at the bundles; for thev go to work at 
once, without so much as a preliminary stretch. .Mo- 
ments must be very precious in this household. The 
room is amazingly dirty. The light is dim. for the 
only window opens '>n an air 
shaft, if air it may be called 
that comes from that foul 
well. Adjoining is another 
room, a dark hole entirely 
filled with a bed — the inhabi- 
tants must get in over the 
foot. Lying on this. now. is 
a two-years-old, asleep, and a 
Ijoy of about eleven with a 
flushed face and heavy e\es. 
It looks suspiciously like 
measles, and the little girl, 
recognizing the word, nods 
that that is probably the case ; her miniature shrug 
adds that it cannot be helped — that life is all more or 
less measles and pants, and we must take what comes. 

.\s things are, there is no help. So long as the 
law licenses the tenements for manufacture, and so 
allow.s the mother to bring the work home, the ch.il- 
dren will help her. Fift\ thousand inspectors coulu 
not patrol the tenements sufiticiently to prevent this : 
if it were tried, some small sentry would always sound 
the note of warning, and the official, on his arrival, 
would find only the mother working, while the little 
children would be playing innocently upon the 
floor. 

Neither the mother nor little Giulia can speak En- 
glish, so intercourse is limited until Maria comes home 
from school — a middle-aged little girl who falls to 
work with incredible swiftness, and who can " finish " 
as neatly and quickly as her mother. My presence 
is explained in a ripple of Italian, and from her I 
learn the short and simple family annals. The father 
is out of work — a faint shrug suggests that he i> 
often out of work : the rent for the three rooms- — for 
there is a still darker hole beyond occupied by two 
hoarders — is nine dollars a month ; her mother usually 
begins at five in the morning, little Ciulia sews seven 
or eight hours a day, and she herself works from 
school until bedtime, an hour that varies from nine 
untit half past twelve — good preparation for profiting 
by the day's lessons! The family income averages 
between six and sev^en dollars a week. Pietro. now 
on the bed, works, too, when he is not sick. 



Maria herself is thirteen, and can go to th.e factorv 
next year.— she sa.\s it eagerly. She is undeveloped. 
heavy-eyed, nervously shrill at slight provocation, and 
her back has the tragic, elderly look of wizened youth. 
She has never had time to be a little girl. It is a dis- 
couraged, joyless household, and the baby tugging at 
her needle is as old as her mother. A little arithnietic 
shows that, after providing for the rent, from fifts 
to sixty-five cents a day remains for the living ex- 
penses of five' people, irrespective of what the father 
and Pietro ma\- occasionally contribute: and you will 
remember having read somewhere that the "economic 
efficiency " of five people camiot be maintained in Xew 
York at a cost much less than two dollars a dav ; that 
is. they cannot be nourished and housed for their 
proper welfare at a smaller expenditure. Looking at 
the tired faces and the undeveloped bodies of the chil- 
<lren, \ ou wish you had not done that sum: and how 
yi in wish that Pietro would remove his measlerl person 
from the pants ! 

When this latter wish is finally suggested to Maria, 
she confides to you that that is nothing— that, when 
Mrs. Rosini on the floor below had smallpox, she went 
on making flower and feather ornaments for the hair 
just tlie same for a week, till she got so bad they 
had to tell the doctor, when he took her away. I could 
go down and ask her about it myself if I doubted it; 
they were lovely ornaments — for ladies" hair. 

Worse than arrested development, out of the nerv- 
ous strain of too much work in childhood come dis- 
orders, moral as well as physical. It has been said, 
with authority, " Idleness in young years is not so 
prolific of immoral and criminal leanings as is prema- 
ture employment." Premature! This babv of four 
smoothing violet petals is 
already earning, perhaps, 
fifty cents a week ; and 
they tell of an infant of 
eighteen months b e i n g 
found assisting at passe- 
m e n t e r i e - making b}- 
splashing its little hands 
in a bowl of glue and 
beads, the mother fishing 
out the latter as they be- 
c a m e properly coated : 
and there was published, 
recently, the story of a 
woman and six children 
under eleven years of age 
who lived in a basement 
and for four dark and 
filthy years kept body and 
soul imperfectly connected by folding paper bags — • 
from one hundred thousand, to one hundred and fifty 




Going Home from tlie Fac- 
iovy. 



40 



THE INGLE\OOK.— lanuarv 12, 1909. 



thousand a week, and the i)rice going steadily down 
from seven cents a thousand to four cents. 

According to Dr. A. S. Daniel, who has been for 
many years a worker among the East Side poor, the 
remedy for these conditions must be drastic — forbid 
the manufacturer to have nny part of his work done 
in a tenement house, ^\'ith all this manufacturing 
transferred to factories, which could be properly in- 
spected, the child worker would necessarily be set 
free ; school, da}' nursery, and public playground must 
attend to his case when the mother is obliged to go. 
And now comes the inevitable protest — the poor widow 
who cannot live without her children's earnings ! She 
exists, without a doubt, — we have just seen her in the 
paper-bags family ; but do you realize what also exists, 
a product of this child-labor system ? It is the parasitic 
father. 

Both of these homes visited, the miserable one on 
the fourth floor and the more cheerful one on the 
third, typify the evil done by child labor. Maria's 



father was earning good i)ay and doing well by his 
own until he fell ill, six years ago. To tide over, his 
wife took in sweatshop work, and thereby Pietro, 
senior, learned the fatal lesson that it is easy for 
women and children to earn money, and that the 
streets offer more attractions than the soap factory, 
to a convivial spirit. At intervals he obtained jobs, 
but his skill in losing them was yearly increasing. His 
wife had given up remonstrating: it was more profit- 
able to bend steadily over the work. 

Mrs. Rosini's husband was made of better stuff and 
worked faithfull}- in a paper-box factory ; but the evil 
of child labor was hampering him in another way — 
that of competition in his shop, for it is an economic 
fact that the cheap labor of children reduces the wages 
of men. The children of others were competing with 
Rosini, and so his children had to work. That sunny 
room, gay with artificial flowers, was as much part of 
an injurious system as the dark and dirty hole on the 
floor above. 



THE LAST WORD 

HATTIE FRKSION RIDER 



MABEL needn't think, because she lived in 
Martinsburg when she was a chit of a thing, 
that she knows more than I do about the 
folks that was born and raised there ! For that mat- 
ter, I can give her pointers on some of her own rela- 
tions, and not so very far back, either ! " The speak- 
er's eyes flashed vindictively through angry tears. 
" I was bound to have the last word ! " 

Mrs. Morehouse ran her needle several stitches 
along the hem she was basting. Her brows puckered 
for an instant, but smoothed serenely before she lifted 
her eyes to her visitor's face. 

" Things past and gone do get set clearer in the 
minds of us older ones, I think, myself," she answered, 
pleasantly. " Children seem to be more interested 
in up-to-date matters, nowadays. What was it you 
and Mabel disagreed so about, Miranda ? " 

The visitor bit her lips, a dull flush creeping into her 
cheek. 

" I was telling Bertram that old Deacon Potts' 
first wife was a Mercer, and his second a Brown," 
she said. " That child caught me up in a minute, 
declaring that Mis' Potts who was a Mercer was a 
particular friend of her mother's, and she remembered 
settin' close between 'em with the mourners at the 
deacon's funeral. I wouldn't a-minded so much, if 
Bertram had took any interest in it. But he only said : 
'Oh! bother! Why can't you let it go? Who cares 
who old Polts married, anyway!' But," — tossing 



her head — " I wouldn't run oft' the track that way. 
If I don't stand up for my rights, nobody will ! " 

"Why was it that you wanted to decide?" Mrs. 
Morehouse asked, bending to her hem to hide the 
twinkle in her eyes. " Was there any particular 
reason ? " 

The visitor plucked uncomfortably at her apron. 
She always squirmed, figuratively speaking, under her 
friend's direct way of getting to the bottom of things ; 
yet as invariably returned to her for sympathy. 

" I don't just remember what we were talking about, 
when the discussion started," she admitted. " But " — 
doggedly — " I don't see what that has to do with it. 
I guess I know. You're siding with Mabel, I s'pose," 
— grimly. 

" I'm ' siding ' with 3-ou and Mabel both, for Love's 
peaceful sake," Mrs. Morehouse laughed, good-na- 
turedly. " You don't want me saying unkind things 
about Bertram's wife, do you, Miranda?" 

Half the cloud went oft' the other's forehead. 

" I know Mabel is a good girl," she acknowl- 
edged ; " but I do tell you, Sarah, it is awful ex- 
asperating to be contradicted when you're positive 
that you're right. You don't know how set Mabel 
is in her way ! " 

Mrs. ^lorehouse drew down the corners of her 
mouth in a brave attempt at seriousness. 

" Miranda," she said, " you might tell her the story 
of the old woman and the scissors." 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 12, 1909. 



41 



"What was that?" Miranda asked, curiously. 
" Why," Mrs. ]\'Iorehouse answered, " there was 
once an old man and his wife, both very firm in their 
opinions, who disageed over the pruning of a certain 
currant-bush. The man insisted that a knife was 
the better implement to use, the woman, that a pair 
of scissors did the work more satisfactorily. After a 
heated quarrel, in which the arguments narrowed 
down to simply shouting: 'Knife!' 'Scissors!' at 
each other, the man in a rage threw his wife into 
the cistern. As the water closed over her head, 
smothering her cries, she stretched up her arm with 
two fingers of the hand rigidly extended, still signal- 
ing what she could no longer say : ' Scissors ! ' " 
The visitor laughed, shamefacedly. 
" Yes, but you see, Sarah, if she honestly knew she 

was in the right " 

The sewing slipped from Mrs. Morehouse's lap. 
" That's just the point, Miranda," she interrupted, 
suddenly dropping her light tone for one of eager- 
ness. " There's only one ' right ' zvorth standing up 
for, and that's the right. It sorts out our ' rights ' 
from our ' wrongs,' which is more than we generally 
do, with our little, narrow, near-sighted way of look- 
ing at things, and it always brings us up a-top of our 
troubles. And, as I tell Ezra, after you've once 
stated you opinion fairly, constant repeating weakens 
it, because that sounds as if you had to keep on 
arguing to make yourself believe it, after all." 
Miranda rose, pulling her bonnet into place. 
" I don't know but that's so," she said, doubtfully. 
" I'll think about it, I believe. If Mabel wasn't so 
positive, it would be a lot easier. And I'm just cer- 
tain about the widow Potts being a Brown." 

Half an hour later, soft footsteps pottered across 
the kitchen floor, and the elder Mrs. Morehouse, 
pink-face with her labor in the flower-garden, came 
into the sitting-room. She carried a towel in one 
hand, and a big bunch of roses in the other. Sarah 
looked up. " Grandma," she asked, suddenly, " do 
you remember what was Aunt Israel Potts' maiden 
name ? " 

" M — m — m — ," replied Grandma, reflectively. 
" Mis' Israel Potts ? You mean his second, I s'pose. 
.\ren't these Crimson Ramblers perfectly beautiful, 
Sarah ? I counted thirty buds on one cluster. Deacon 
Potts' second wife ! Well, now, it has slipped my 
mind ! If you really want to know, though, it's 
probably in your great-uncle's old family Bible up 
stairs. Why?" 

" Oh ! nothing," Sarah answered. She got the 
old Bible, though, and looked up the record. The 
first Mrs. Israel Potts, who died shortly after mar- 
riage, was in truth a " Mercer," her mother's own 
cousin, — a fact which had escaped the vaunted mem- 
ory of Miranda Perkins. The second, surviving the 
deacon, was named Mehitable Scra('hma Jones. 



The Children's Corner 



THE GIANTS OF EVERY DAY. 

Looking up from the picture book he was eagerly 
reading, Teddie exclaimed : " I'd like to be ' Jack the 
Giant Killer' and frighten all the old giants away !. " 

The other children laughed heartily at Teddie's 
choice, and Bob remarked : " There never was sucli 
a man, Ted. It's only a foolish story, you know.. 
There aren't any giants." 

Teddie looked disappointed. This was taking a\yav 
the charm from his book. 

"There are giants, aren't tliere. Uncle John?" he 
asked, throwing down his book and coming over to his 
uncle's armchair. 

"Giants, Teddie?" he repeated, gravely. "Yes, 
my boy, there are a great many giants all around us, 
and we have to learn to be good fighters if we do not 
wish to be overcome by them." 

Teddie beamed triumphantly, but the otlier children 
opened their eyes in wonder, and Alice asked, " What 
do you mean. Uncle John ? " 

" My dear Alice," he answered, " there is one 
dreadful giant, named Intemperance, that is harder to 
conquer than any that the famous Jack ever van- 
quished ; and there is another, called Selfishness, a 
terrible monster, with nine heads ; and a third named 
Cruelty ; and a fourth named Dishonesty. We might 
mention ever so many more." 

" Oh, that kind ! " said Bob. " I meant there were 
no real giants." 

" Well, these are fairly real giants, Bob. Did you 
ever try hard to fight one ? " 

" I don't believe I've tried as hard as I might, 
sir," he confessed frankly. " I think my worst giant 
is Selfishness," he added, slowly. 

" And mine is Idleness," whispered j\lice. 

" What is mine ? It must be Quick Temper," ad- 
mitted Nellie, blushing over memories of recent de- 
feats. 

Little Ted looked perplexed. They were talking 
in riddles. 

"Has everybody got a giant?" he ventured. 

The others laughed at this, but Uncle John an- 
swered, kindly : " I'm afraid so, Ted. Anything 
that keeps us from doing good is our giant that we 
have to fight. Have you one, my little man ? " 

The child's face flushed as he replied, after a mo- 
ment's hesitation : " Yes, there are lots of them-. 
There's my cross words to the nurse this morning, 
and I disobeyed mama, and I broke papa's penknife 
that he told me not to touch, and I, oh ! " — there Ted 
stopped suddenly and hid his face on uncle's shoulder. 

The children didn't laugh this time. — Little Chron- 
icle. I 



42 



Til 



!X(;i.EXOOI\.— Tamiarv 12. 1009. 




Hour 



THINGS THAT SPEAK 

D. D. Tllo.MAS. 

l.\ the cemetery at Eagle Creek stands a grave- 
stone that marks the resting place of a fond father 
and mother who died years ago. When approaching, 
one notices that it leans, owing to a faulty foundatinn. 
seemingly in an attitude of inquiry. The imagination 
need not launch out very far to hear it speak some- 
tiiing like these words: " W'hen are you coming this 
way? When will you lie down here to rest? See limv 
silently these sleep. You say it is a dark and un- 
certain way. None return that go down its valley. 

" It 7cas dark but it has been lighted. That you 
must come is unchangeable, biit that it is dark as your 
imaginations picture it, is not true since the day the 
angel sat on the stone at the risen Master's grave." 

Well, at a grave is a good place to begin to meditate. 
From it arises hope, and at the giving up of life one 
remembers with gladness that death is conquered. It 
does not hold souls in prison any longer unless they 
forfeit that life. " The strength of sin is the law," but 
tlie victory is obtained through sometliing stronger 
than the law. 

Tn "As You Like It," (ine rea(i>. 

'■.\nd thus our life, exempt from public liaiinls. 
Finds tongues in trees, books in the running l)rooks. 
Sermons in stones, and good in everything." 

That our great English auth.or shf)u!d have ])Iaced the 
most sacred fortn of intercommunication in " Nature's 
teaching " " in stones " is not so strange when one 
comes^^to consider. 

There are found tlie staying (|ualities. It is firm, 
nnyielding. immovable. It is imi)enetrable to an\- 
thing ordinary, and aggressively teaches the judgment 
of God. to which the Savior alludes, speaking of it 
as " grinding them to powder," 

The abiding qualities are there, not to be dbliteratid 
by time. Then, too, it is made to ap])car more sacred 
by Christ being spoken of as the Rock which suj)plied 
the Hebrews in the wilderness. The churcli is tin- 
pillar and pedestal of the truth, that which makes us 
free. Yes, " sermons in stones " is ju=t tlie wav 
to put it. 



In thcnt i> embedded the history of the past. .\ni- 
mate and inanimate growths, held in death, declar- 
ing as loudly as any articulate voice could tell. " So 
shall ye likewise perish," But, with the Christ-rock 
voice, not encysted and petrified through all the ages, 
but revitalized and glorified through all eternity. To 
liini who has not heard, its speech is as that of a little 
stranger child, not understood. I'.ut when one learns 
to liear, it is that same child voice in its parent's ear, — 
plain and intelligible. X<it having talked one does 
not understand. So it is in nature, one must converse 
that he may understand. 

.See the leaf expectantlv spread itself before lieaven, 
teaching prayerful service and patient hope. .\nd the 
flower opening its chalice to be fed and watered, 
telling that life and fruitage come from God. God's 
blessing to " the lily " beatiti fully " arrayed " and 
perfectly adorned teaches one the power there is in 
simplicity. The plant expands and lengthens itself, 
showing a yearning toward the h'ather who strength- 
ens and makes it storm-enduring. It teaches the 
brotherhood of all nature. Xot simply living to enjoy 
and propagate itself, but it has a broad, unifying con- 
cern for all creatures. It yields life to all, as the 
Christ did in a much higher sense. The dying that 
others might live yes. the lu.scious fruit is beautified 
by entrancing colors, as if inviting to partake, seem- 
ing glad to die that it mi^ht become a part of us, a 
basis of our life. 

If one draw toward it in care, how it expands and 
improves and enlarges its fruit. An inverted parallel 
is taught by one authorized to speak, " Casting all vour 
care upon him for he careth for you." If the fruit- 
age does not enlarge, one is to blame. The " husband- 
man " docs his part. 

Tiiat nature speaks is not farfetched or imagi- 
nary. The sacred writings abound with referencesto 
it. The Father seems to have so ordained it. The 
Master once declared that if the people cried not out 
in praise to him, the " very stones " would. Job 
speaks of the time when " the morning stars sang 
together." and David says, "■ The heavens declare the 
glory of God." 

Tire blood of .\bel cried unto ( ind fmni the ground 



THE IN(;LEN()(3K. 



12. i')oy. 



45 



for vengeance. The blood that spcakcth better things 
than that of Abel crieth not out for vengeance. It 
was given an offering for sin. The sins of his en- 
emies were reached b\' it and obliterated. The bloiKl 
of Abel was spilled l)y force, he gave it unwillingly. 
■ But the other was the offering of a willing mind. It 
speaketh better things. 

And so one miglit continue. Tiie days and the 
nights, the ever-changing seasons, tlie dreams, waking 
or sleeping, the rivers and the seas, the mountains and 
the valleys, and the hills and the lakes are things 
that speak. .\inl their voice sounds down through 
the ages and echoes loudly where the great white 
throne stands at the judgment day, the retributive 
angel crying, "" I have spoken and ye have not heanl, 
I have declared and yc have not rejoiced." 

%^^ ^^^ '.^ 

THE BIBLE 

First, the Bible is the Book of Righteousness. It is 
the one book in the world for the tried and suffering 
man who finds it infinitely difficult to maintain self- 
respect and integrity amidst the manifold seductions of 
our modern life. In the Bible he finds the inspiration 
to renewed eff'ort after righteousness, examples, pre- 
cepts, promises, prophecies, helping him in his strug- 
gle, nerving him to conflict and assuring him of vic- 
tory. 

Second, the Bible is the Book of Faith, speaking to 
us of the reality of things unseen but eternal, planting 
within us the desire to hold on to the Invisible, nurtur- 
ing that desire, assuring us of the eternal triumph of 
goodness, telling us that goodness is alone immortal, 
bidding us, in spite of " reason " and in the face of 
" facts " cleave to goodness as the one strong thing 
here beloW', and, in trumpet tones that stir the spirit 
that is within us to a faith divine, proclaiming that 
wealth and honor, prospects, ambition and conquest, 
and the world itself, are well lost if by reason of the 
sacrifice we have saved our soul alive. 

Third, the Bible is the Book of Christ. The dom- 
inant note of all theology and criticism today is its de- 
mand for Christ. " Back to Jesus " is the watchword 
upon every lip. Renan saw that the reform of Chris- 
tianity consisted in suppressing the graces which our 
pagan ancestors have added to it, to return to Jesus as 
he was. And all our theology today which has in it the 
promise of immortality takes up the cry, " Back to 
Jesus as he was!" It is the Christ of Galilee and 
Capernaum, the Christ of Olivet and Bethan\, tlie 
Christ who had not where to lay his- head, who loved 
to call himself the Son of Man. who now fills the 
thought of his Church : and the Book wdiich is the 
Book of Christ is as immortal as himself. — Charles P. 
Akcd. D. D. ^ „ ^ 

" Second thoughts may be best, but tlicy are often 
too l-'te to be of anv use." 



GRATITUDE. 

Show us a man who responds to the Lord with tlit* 
same readiness with which some people say, " Thank 
you," when a small favor is bestowed upon thetnv an t 
I will sliow you a man who not only greatly enjoys hi.'-; 
Cliristian life, but who is whole-hearted in the service. 
A heart filled with gratitude is a heart filled with good- 
w ill. sympathy, love, sunshine and cheerfulness. .V 
heart filled with gratitude means a soul filled with a 
desire to do everything possible to repay and advaiicC 
tlie interests of the object of gratitude. We teach our 
children politeness, and at least a show of gratitude 
toward those who show them a kindness. But how' 
many of us teach our children to be grateful toward 
him who gives us all we have? How manv of our 
children have learned jjrayers which in substance mean 
something like this?' "Lord, we thank thee for the 
air we breathe, for our daily food and clothing, for 
houses and homes and friends and health and freedom 
to worship thee as thou in thy Book hast commanded 
us." How many of us often pray such prayers our- 
selves? How many of us act as if such prayers act-- 
ually came from the heart? There is no need of 
becoming alarmed for the fate of any one whose heart 
is filled to overflowing with gratitude and praise 
toward an all-wise and ever-loving heavenly Father 
for unmerited blessings bestowed. — Gospel Herald, 

j« j« ji <: 

UNKNOWN ANGELS. 

She \valk.s unnoticed in tlie street; ■ 

The casual eye 

Sees nothing in her fair or sweet; ' 

The world goes by ? 
Unconscious that an angel's feet 

Are passing nigh. ' 

She little has of beanty's weahh; 

Truth will allow- 
Only her priceless yonth and health. 

Her broad, white brow; 
Yet grows she on the heart by stealth, 

I scarce know how. 

She docs a thousand kindly things 

That no one knows; 
A loving w-oman's heart she brings 

To human woes; 
And to licr face the sunliglu clings 

Where'er she gees. 

And so she walks her (|uiet ways,- 

With that content 
That only comes to sinless days 

And innocent: 
A life devoid of fame or praise. 
Yet nobly spent. 

—Pall Mall Gazette. 
:< ■* >: 

Tun: art of saying approjjriate words in a kindly 
way is one that never goes out of fashion, never ceases 
to please, and is within the reach of the humblest.— 
/-. ir. Fabei: ' 



44 



THE IXGLliXoOK.— lamiarv 12. 1909. 



Echoes from Everywhere 




Michigan's new constitution, lately ratified by the vot- 
ers, grants women who pay taxes the right to vote upon 
questions involving the expenditure of public money. 



More than $25,000,000 has been paid out of the relief 
funds of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company — $15,050,- 
644 to members disabled by illness or accident and 
$10,276,227 to the families of members who have died. 



Work is to begin soon on New York City's first mon- 
orail to be built between Bartow Station, on the Xew 
Haven line, and City Island, between which points a 
horsecar line has been in operation several years. Three 
months hence may see the line in operation. The sys- 
tem to be used is called the American. 



At her last election, twenty-eight additional towns 
were added to New Hampshire's " no-license " column, 
while only ten which had been without saloons voted to 
let them in. It is confidently claimed that after May 
1, 1909, there will be but twenty-five license towns in 
the State. 



The Illinois Hotel Commercial Association has planned 
to try to have the legislature place a limit on the dam- 
ages which maj' be collected by hotel patrons for lost 
or stolen articles. It also was agreed that buildings shall 
be equipped with either iron or rope fire escapes, as de- 
manded by the Illinois Commercial Men's Association 
and the Travelers' Protective Association. 



Dr. Wiley, chief chemist of the Agricultural Depart- 
ment, after a week's work with his famous poison squad, 
has reached the conclusion that formaldehyde as a pre- 
servative of food is injurious to health. Formaldehyde is 
most commonly used as a preservative of milk. While 
it prevents the souring of milk it does not retard the 
growth of disease germs, and herein lies the danger as 
consumers have no warning of the presence of the germs. 



Secretary Straus of the department of commerce and 
labor reports that the total net addition to the popu- 
lation of the United States by alien immigration between 
Sept. 30, 1907, and Oct. 1, 1908, was only 6,298, and even 
this number, he says, should be reduced by deducting 
the number of naturalized Americans who took up resi- 
dence abroad. The actual number of aliens who arrived 
within the period mentioned was 724,112, and the num- 
ber departing during the same time was 717,814. Sec- 
retary Straus says that all official figures as to the emi- 
gration of aliens prior to Sept. 30, 1907, were the esti- 
mates of the steamship companies. Last year official 
figures were kept as to the departure of aliens. The 
secretary estimated that figures on immigration, which 
have been accepted heretofore, have been at least 48 
per cent too high. 



Illinois is upholding the new cocaine law, and in so 
doing has dealt a solar plexus blow at the patent med- 
icines in this State containing the drug. A case which 
has been decided was that of two Chicago druggists who 
had been fined $500 after being convicted of having sold 
a catarrh powder which contained cocaine. The drug- 
gists held that a clerk in the store had sold the med- 
icine, but the Supreme Court of the State held the 
owners responsible, as the law provides that cocaine 
shall not be sold in any form except on a physician's 
prescription. 



Foreign ministers at Pekin fear that peace is endan- 
gered by the recent dismissal of Yuan Shi Kai, grand 
councilor and commander in chief of the forces, and 
the appointment of Na Tung as grand councilor. The 
representatives of Great Britain, the United States and 
Germany view the regent's action as tantamount to an 
affront to the powers on account of Yuan Shi Kai's po- 
sition abroad, he being recognized as the medium of 
fair and equitable treatment toward the nations. Japan 
concurs in the opinion that the dismissal is certain to 
result in international injury. 



Russia has a dirigible, and negotiations are being car- 
ried on with the Wright Brothers for the purchase of 
some of their aeroplanes. The price proposed is $100,- 
000, with royalties built on machines built in Russia. 
The government requires a three-hour flight, but Wil- 
bur Wright thinks a one-hour flight a sufficient dem- 
onstration provided he can carry fuel enough to remain 
aloft three hours. The Russian War Department has 
recently granted $25,000 for the construction of a flying 
machine invented by H. Tatarinofif, who claims to have 
an apparatus that operates on neither the balloon nor 
the aeroplane principle. A small cigar-shaped model 
weighing about 30 pounds is said to have made success- 
ful tests recently. 



George Washington Hough, one of the foremost as- 
tronomers of the world, professor of astronomy at North- 
western University and director of the Dearborn Ob- 
servatorj', died at his home in Chicago, Jan. 1. No as- 
tronomer of these times was better known than Pro- 
fessor Hough. In fact, he was considered by scientists 
one of the most learned of his time on astronomical 
subjects. The crowning feature of his life of study 
and invention was his contribution to science concerning 
the planet Jupiter, the most complete that any astron- 
omer ever has given. Professor Hough also discovered 
and measured more double stars than any astronomer 
living or extant. Besides, his astronomical inventions 
have been many and valuable. Altogether, his life has 
been one of contribution to astronomy, meteorology and 
physics. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 12, 1909. 



45 



London, Jan. 1. — -Postmasters throughout the United 
Kingdom have begun the payment of old-age pensions, 
under the act of the last session of parliament, to per- 
sons over 70 years of age. Seven hundred thousand ap- 
plications for pensions have been received, of which 200,- 
000 were <iisallowed, chiefly because the applicants have 
been in receipt of poor relief. It is estimated that the 
old-age pensions will cost the country $35,000,000 annu- 
ally. The highest pension is S shillings weekly, which 
will be paid to applicants having an income below $105 
a year. If their income exceeds $105 but is less than 
$153, small amounts will be paid. 



One of the greatest engineering feats ever attempted 
in the construction of oil pipe lines is involved in the 
work that has been started by a Mexican petroleum com- 
pany for the purpose of connecting Mexico City with the 
oil wells in the low coast country near Tampico. This 
line will have to climb the mountains to an altitude of 
10,000 feet within a distance of not more than fifty miles. 
After reaching this great height it will be laid up and 
down the mountains for another 100 miles before it 
reaches the great central plateau. It will then drop to the 
valley of Mexico, which is a little less than 8,000 feet 
above the sea level. The object of building such a line 
is to supply Mexico City with fuel oil. Coal and other 
fuel are very expensive there, and it is claimed that the 
demand for fuel oil fully justifies the great expense of 
such a line. 



The official total membership of the high schools of 
Chicago on the last day of October last year was 14,960, 
of the primary schools, 86,372, of the grammar schools, 
149,891, or a total membership of 251,223. Compared with 
the same day of 1907 the gain for the high schools is 
1,430, for the primary schools, 2,441, for the grammar 
schools. 9,783, for all three branches an increase of 13,554. 
To these figures must be added 11,000 pupils who are 
attending the normal school, the school for the deaf and 
the other auxiliaries, bringing the total membership on 
the last day of last October up to 247,263. The total gain 
over 1907 is about 14,000. The number of pupils on 
half sessions was kept down to 7,243 in October, which 
is the smallest number for October in years. In fact, 
there has been a steady decrease in the number of chil- 
dren who could not be aflforded full school privileges. 
The total school accommodations during October for 
the high and graded schools were 268,311 seats. 



In response to the Italian Red Cross suggestion that a 
vessel might be loaded with provisions and sent to the 
scene of the earthquake disaster, thus giving quick relief 
to the destitute, the American National Red Cross cabled 
$150,000 with the suggestion that it could be used by the 
Italian Red Cross Society for the purpose of fitting out 
a ship with provisions and medical supplies. This amount 
is in addition to the $100,000 and the $70,000 previously 
sent by the American Red Cross. By sending the money 
instead of undertaking to provide for the shipment of 
supplies the American Red Cross officials adopted what 
they regard as the best method of meeting the emer- 
gencies that face the Italian Red Cross. They believe 
that the Italian society would be able to make these ar- 
rangements more promptly than could be done by any- 
one else. This is in line with the policy of the American 
society from the beginning of its relief work in behalf of 
the earthquake sufferers. 



The board of trade, which has had an expert working 
for some time past on the copper output of Arizona for 
1908, announces that the total output for the year will 
not fall below 274,000,000 pounds of finished copper. This 
makes Arizona again the world's leader in copper pro- 
duction. Horace J. Stevens places Michigan's output 
at 220,000,000 pounds and Montana's output is estimated 
at 244,000,000 pounds. 



The forging of scimitar blades in Japan was once a 
flourishing industry, and the workers formed a close 
and powerful corporation. But the industry has de- 
clined for years, and now only two makers are left. 
No young Japanese has come forward to offer himself 
as an apprentice, and the question was referred to the 
mikado with a view of perpetuating the industry. The 
mikado has come to the rescue, and has founded two 
scholarships of $500 to induce two lads to offer them- 
selves for initiation into the art and mystery of making 
scimitar blades. 



Chicago's population which serves as a new basis of 
estimate for 1909 for the health' department, is 2,224,490, 
as against 2,166,055 for the year which has just closed, 
and this new population total will be used in figuring 
the death rate. The increase is in accordance with the 
United States census bureau's percentages for mid-year 
populations. Figures which are now in show that there 
was a total of 30,395 deaths in the city during the year, 
which would give a rate of 14.03 for every 1,000 of pop- 
ulation — the fourth lowest figure ever recorded for the 
city. The department will wait until all of the deaths 
which occurred during December are reported and then 
figure its percentage from that basis. It is expected 
that the total will be increased by 200 when all returns 
are in. 



Plans looking to the publication of a book to contain 
the national songs of all nations with words, translations 
and music and to secure the publication by the United 
States bureau of education of a pamphlet giving com- 
parative rates of tuition and. cost of living at the leading 
American universities for distribution in foreign lands 
were adopted at the second annual convention of the As- 
sociation of Cosmopolitan Clubs at Ann Arbor, Mich., Jan. 
1. The association has chapters at seventeen univer- 
sities with a membership of 1,500 students. It is also 
planned to state the special advantages at each univer- 
sity. The countries represented at the convention here 
are the United States, Germany, Greece, the Philippines, 
Spain, Mexico, Japan, Brazil, Russia, Hungary, England 
and Jamaica. 



Ten thousand employes of the packing firm of Morris 
& Co. in Chicago and other cities where the company 
has interests began Jan. 1 to reap the benefits of a 
pension system established by the company. The com- 
pany has decided to establish a cooperative sharing 
scheme for employes. The plan went into effect 
Jan. 1. The pension disbursements to be allowed by the 
company will aggregate about $100,000 a year. Among 
the employes who will share in the mutual investment 
scheme are those who will contribute 3 per cent of their 
salaries until the fund reaches $500,000. Employes who 
have completed twenty years of service with the com- 
pany are to be the chief beneficiaries. 



46 



TIIK l\(;i.l':\()()K.— fanuarv \2. VW). 



Among the Magazines 




EXPENSIVE EDUCATION. 

Some interesting lessons arc deduciblc from the San 
Francisco disaster. Of the great buildings, which sur- 
\ived in some form or other, there were thirty with fire- 
proofing of steel structure, one with metallic trim, one 
with wire-glass windows, and ncme- with all these safe- 
guards. Had there been such a one it might well have 
come through undamaged, save for a little blistering. 
The splendid Call Building, with concrete floors and hol- 
low-tile protection for its steel, stood undamaged so 
far as its integral structure is concerned. And, by the 
way, that much maligned type, the skyscraper, proved 
its worth both at San Francisco and Baltimore. In the 
western city, small and inflammable buildings standing 
to the leeward of the tall piles were protected by a 
sort of vacuum, and were seriously damaged only in the 
stories above the fourth. At Baltimore the spread of 
destruction in several cases was limited by these great 
barriers, from behind which the firemen fought as best 
thty could with their puny water-sprinkling devices and 
the "more desperate remedy of dynamite. It is hardly 
too much to say that a block of reasonably protected 
skyscrapers would, in any city, prove an absolute and 
impregnable barrier to the progress of the fiercest con- 
flagration. 

Again, Baltimore proved beyond question the value of 
adequate casings for the structural steel. Without this 
the steel buckles, and lapses into dismal spirals. With- 
in tlie fire zone, at Baltimore, half a dozen building so 
protected stood, and continued to stand. Nothing else 
did. The Continental Trust Building was " swept by a 
blast like that of a chemical furnace." As the windows 
were insufficiently protected, the flames entered and 
seized upon everything burnable. From the melted chan- 
deliers and typewriters, fused to masses of formless metal, 
it is estimated that the heat reached an altitude of 2,000 
degrees, and not improbably 3,000 degrees. Yet the 
fireproof floor arches and column coverings remained 
intact. The expert afterward employed to inspect cer- 
tified that the steel structure was " intact and as good 
as the day it was put up," and that every floor In the 
building was plumb to the fraction of a decimal. In all 
the genuinely fireproof modern buildings there was but 
one mishap to structure. One steel column, insufficiently 
protected, in the Calvert Building, buckled; the other two 
hundred and fifty-five columns were unaffected. Yet 
tlie edifices of this type cost but ten per cent more than 
other buildings in which the iron and steel, being with- 
out protection, were bent and warped out of all possi- 
bility of further usefulness. 

Fireproof buildings, then, are a reality, not an imprac- 
ticable ideal. Yes, more; they are, in a general, sense, 
economical!}' feasible and attainable. And if fireproof 
buildings, then genuine " fireproof districts," and eventu- 
ally fireproof cities. — Samuel Hopkins Adams, in the 
January Everybody's. 



FOR YOUR COUNTRY— PLANT TREES. 

There is a great movement under way throughout the 
United States today. It is the marshaling of public sen- 
timent for the preservation of the forests. We used 
to think that the great American forests were inexhaust- 
ible, .^nd they were, for the generation in which our 
grandfathers lived. People of that daj- had all the wood 
they wanted to burn. But since their time we have 
been doing so many things with wood, besides using it 
for fuel, that forests of trees have fallen before the wood- 
man's ax where one tree fell before. There are a dozen 
commercial purposes for wood which have developed 
today. It is used in the making of pails and dishes, .^nd 
absolutely acres of trees are fed each day into the printing- 
presses that turn out the great newspapers. 

We are now using as much wood in a single year as 
grows in three, and there is only twenty years' supply 
of virgin growth in sight. 

It is this situation that calls for the application of the 
science of forestry. The national Government through 
tlie Department of Agriculture at Washington, as well 
as eleven States eacli employing a trained forester, is 
actively engaged in it. The United States Government 
has, for the last ten years, been busy acquiring forest 
lands until now it holds 165,000,000 acres, which it is 
carefully guarding and cultivating. Nurseries have been 
established for the propagation of stock for free distri- 
bution, and the newest feature is the creation of a patrol 
of one hundred men to guard against forest fires along 
the Adirondack railroads. 

These are some of the Government measures to meet 
a national crisis. But there is more for public-spirited 
citizens to do. Everybody who has waste land ought 
to be planting it to trees. It is such a simple thing to 
gather seed from the trees on your own place and drop 
them into the ground! But you who do this will also 
serve your country as truly as those who answer its 
bugle-call to battle. — The Delineator. 
^* ■.< ^* 
PULLING THE LOAN-SHARK'S TEETH. 

The salary-loan business in the United States as ma- 
nipulated by the so-called " loan-sliarks " of the large 
cities seems at last doomed to regulation. The strong 
drag-net of publicity, which the newspapers and mag- 
azines are weaving for this particular purpose, will, it 
is promised, slowly but surely inclose the activities of 
this ferocious feeder on the poor man's weekly income. 
Dr. Clarence W. Wassam, who has recently published 
an extensive study of the salary-loan business in New 
York City, states that as many as thirty different loan 
concerns of this character are known to exist and flour- 
ish in this city. It is estimated that at least 30,000 em- 
ployees on the average are in debt to these concerns 
on assignment of wages. The rate of interest charged 
by these usurers is estimated by L. E. Theiss, in The In- 
dependent, as ranging from 50 to 400 per cent per an- 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 12, 1909. 



47 



num. Many cases of suffering and imposition are citeil 
by the writers as typical of tlie merciless plunder of 
the salary-loan shark. These examples Mr. Theiss 
vouches for as being ordinary occurrences. We read: 

".Pitiful is the case of a telegrapher, the father of 
twelve children. With an income of only $18 a week, 
it was necessary, whenever there came a demand for 
unusual e.xpenditure, for him to resort to the loan-sharks. 
He could save nothing from his salary to repay these 
loans. So he borrowed from Peter to pay Paul. But 
every new loan put him more hopelessly in debt. His 
furniture was mortgaged, his salary assigned, and a de- 
fault in payment meant loss of both his chattels and his 
employment. Obviously it was necessary for him to do 
extra work. As his financial burdens increased, so did 
his hours of labor. For months now he has been work- 
ing nearly eighteen hours a day. Yet his family profits 
little by his ■ e.\tra efforts. .Almost half of his earn- 
ings goes to the loan-sharks — as interest. The prin- 
cipal of his indebtedness he can by no human proba- 
bility ever repay. He is sold for life. 

" Among the papers in the District Attorney's office 
are the records of two policemen. The first one paid 
$7 interest every two months on a $100 loan. At the end 
of five years the usurers pushed him so hard for the prin- 
cipal — wishing to put their money out at a higher rate 
of interest — that he sought relief through the public pros- 
ecutor. The second policeman paid $12 interest a month 
for three years on a similar loan. Then lie died. He 
had paid $432 interest, but still owed the $100. Imme- 
diately the usurer came to seize the widow's furniture; 
and her few possessions were saved to her only through 
payment by friends of her husband's of the usurer's 
demands. ... 

" Recently a woman came into a New York police 
court hysterical with fear. Her furniture was about to 
be seized. For six months she had toiled early and late 
to save it. Worn out at last, she had defaulted in the 
payment of her interest, and now her furniture was to go 
— because she owed the paltry sum of $25, although 
she had paid back $48 in interest." 

The remedy for the loan-shark business is believed to 
be first of all publicity for its dealings, and secondly, 
an adequate and honest competition to underbid it. Mr. 
Theiss continues: 

" Already many movements are on foot to accomplish 
this end. In New York we have the Provident Loan 
Society, started with a gift of $100,000. It lends money 
at the rate of 1 per cent a month, and cuts that rate 
in half for prompt repayment. Last year it made 286,- 
000 loans. The Hebrew Free Loan Association is a 
similar organization. It lends money to any Hebrew 
who can get good indorsement. Then there arc tlie 
St. Bartholomew's Loan Bureau of New York, the Col- 
lateral Loan Company and the Workingman's Loan As- 
sociation of Boston, and similar organizations in other 
cities. Their object is not only to help the poor over 
slippery places, but also teaches tliem thrift and econ- 
omy. 

" Better yet, as showing an active interest in one's 
employees, is the sj'stem of lending money that a Xew 
\''ork department-store has instituted. Small sums are 
advanced to employees without interest, the money ad- 
vanced being deducted from the borrowers' paj' envel- 
opes in ten weekly deductions. Slight as is this assist- 
ance it is just the help that is needed — and it is assist- 



ance without price. Many employers now help their 
employees in this w-ay. 

" Best of all is the movement toward self-help in the 
form of mutual loan associations that is spreading ev- 
erywhere among the poor." 

,«t ,>* .t 

WEALTH IN BARRELS. 

When a person speaks of "barrels of money" it con- 
veys to the mind an impression of great wealth. How- 
many, hearing or using this common phrase, however, 
ever gave a thought to the money represented by empty 
bartels? If you never have you may be interested in 
some figures compiled by -the United States Forest Serv- 
ice. 

The forest service statisticians show that the farmer 
with his potatoes and apples, the miller with his flour 
and meal, the hardware man with his nails, the cement 
manufacturer and the many other users of barrels other 
tlian those intended to hold liquids, consumed forest 
products last year having a value of $15,800,253. In pur- 
suance of its work of educating the country to the need 
for conservation of resources the forest service from 
time to time gives striking and, it might be said, sen- 
sational illustrations of the wealth of timber that annu- 
ally goes into some form of commodity. Even the in- 
significant little match consumes forest growths to an 
almost unbelievable extent. 

In this matter of barrels alone the output of the coop- 
erage mills last year showed an increase of $1,569,688, 
or 11 per cent over the value of the product for the 
previous year. Twenty-one species of wood contributed 
to the production last year, but nearly two-thirds of the 
output was manufactured from red gum, pine, elm and 
beach. 

It is pointed out by the forest experts that an inter- 
esting movement in the barrel industry .'s the substi- 
tution of less expensive woods for those which for many 
years were drawn upon most heavily for stave material. 
The same trend from expensive to inexpensive woods is 
shown in the case of many articles of common use. and 
the process of substitution, based on economic condi- 
tions and systematic study of forestry affairs by man- 
ufacturers as well as by technical experts, is -destined 
to play a large part in the conservation movement. — • 
Cliicago Record-Herald. 

-,?• t,5* ^5* 

WHY SHOULD THE STATE CONTROL WATER- 
POWER DEVELOPMENT? 

The first and greatest reason for State action is tliat 
only in this manner can a full, comprehensive, co-ordi- 
nated, and therefore truly economic development of our 
hydraulic resources be secured. No one company or 
individual would be able, as a rule, to undertake the 
complete development of any given stream throughout 
the region of its effective flow. The undertaking would 
be too vast to be feasible, even if a market for all the 
power could be assured. It would involve a wide ex- 
ercise of the power of eminent domain, which would 
have to be delegated to the company for the purpose. 
Furthermore, co-operation among mill owners and other 
interests for such a purpose is peculiarly diflicult to 
arrange. The State, on the other hand, retaining the 
control of the whole strei^f^l^^SSm develop such por- 
tions of its power as might be salable from time to time, 
yet always with the ultimate plan for a complete de- 
velopment in mind. 

.\nother reason for State supervision, perhaps more 



48 



I. Xi.l.ENOOK.— January 12. 1%".) 



local to New York, though potentially of wide applica- 
tion, is directly concerned with one of the most em- 
phatic protests that has been made in this State against 
the building of power reservoirs, — namely, what may 
be called the esthetic objection. It is only too true that 
much bad reservoir practice has furnished good cause 
for the widespread notion that power reservoirs destroy 
the beauties of the natural river and result in scenes 
of destruction and desolation. Experience and the best 
engineering authority have conclusively shown, Iiow- 
ever, that proper reservoir building is only a matter of 
adequate expenditure under proper plans and careful 
supervision. It is not consistent with experience to 
hope that private companies, bent on immediate gain, 
will ever go to the extra, and to their minds unessen- 
tial, expense of properly clearing reservoir beds of 
standing trees and underbrush before turning in the 
water. Only when the State does this work as a part 
of its general program, and with constant realization 
that this is a highly important aspect of any construc- 
tion worthy of the State, can attractive rather than re- 
pulsive reservoirs be generally secured. 

The State's great financial strength provides a third 
reason why the public authority may advantageously 
construct the controlling works for power development. 
The State can borrow the money needed for such ex- 
pensive structures as storage reservoirs at a lower rate 
of interest than any corporation. A part of this saving 
may well be spent by the State in securing the adequate 
treatment and proper supervision necessary to insure 
attractive and healthful artificial lakes, which may be 
depended on to increase the property value of the whole 
surrounding region as a health and pleasure resort. 
The State can aflford to take the long view and wait 
twenty or thirty or fifty years for the return on its 
money, whereas such delay in profitable result is pro- 
hibitive to the plans of the prospective manufacturers. 
— From " State Control of Water-Power," by Curtis E. 
Lakeman, in the American Review of Reviews lor 
January. 



Between Whiles 



A Statesman Defined. 

Shortly after Mr. Gladstone's death, says the Chris- 
tion Register, a local politician delivered an address up- 
on the life of the statesman before a school. When 
he had finished, he said, " Now, can any of you tell me 
what a statesman is?" A little hand went up, and a 
little girl replied, " A statesman is a man who makes 
speeches." " Hardly that," answered the politician, who 
loved to tell this story. " For instance, I sometimes 
make speeches, and yet I am not a statesman." The 
little hand again went up. " I know," and the answer came 
triumphantly, " a statesman is a man who makes good 
speeches!" . jt ^ ^t 



Couldn't Make^tnerson Worry 

Ralph Waldo Emerson was so much of a philosopher 

that he tried never to allow himself to be disturbed by 

the fear of events which he had no control over. Some 

people called him a fatalist, but rather he had an abid- 



ing faith in ultimate good and in the eternal nature of 
the soul. The story is told of him that one day a fiissy 
young fellow came running into his study to ask him 
what he was going to do in view of the fact that some 
scientist had predicted that the world was soon to come 
to an end by colliding with a comet. " I'm not going 
to bother about things like that," said the imperturb- 
able scholar, " I can get along very well without the 
world." 

t?* t?* «^* 

Ellen (the nurse, to little girl of six, who is supposed 
to have an afternoon sleep every day) — Nancy, you are 
a naughty little girl not to have gone to sleep this aft- 
ernoon! 

Nancy (reproachfully) — Ellen! Ellen! Don't you re- 
member the three times you looked over the screen, and 
I was fast asleep? 

t5* (5* (^* 

The little girl was up very early in the morning for the 
first time. "Oh, mama!" she exclaimed, returning from 
the window, " the sun's comin' out all right, but the 
angels have forgotten to turn off the moon." 

t5* t5* •..?• 

WINTER WISDOM. 

Yas, de rain soun' col' en gloomsome, 

Beatin' on de cabin wall. 
En de hail it stomp de shingles. 

En de sleet it boun' tub fall; 
Yit I somehow laks de racket 

Of ol' Wintah's rattlin' shot, - 
When de hick'ry logs is burnin' 

En de skillet's sizzlin' hot. 

Whut's de use, I wants tub ax you, 

Fussin' 'cause de snowflakes come? 
Hustle up en stir de fiah — 

Mek de blazes dance en hum. 
S'pose you got no ham er cheek'n — 

Fry de good ol' bacon-meat; 
Go en tap de 'lasses barrel — 

Sorgum mighty fine en sweet. 

'Taters roastin' in de ashes; 

Beans a bilin' kinda slow; 
Caroliny, fat en happy, 

Stirrin' up de dodgcr-dougli. 
Watch de coflfee-pot a-steamin' — 

Ain't it got de riches' smell? 
Eat yo' dinner when it raidy. 

Den set down en smoke a spell. 

Little chaps a-singin' 'roun' you; 

Bingo sleepin' on de mat, 
Now I wants tuh ax you, podner, 

Whut you got tuh grumble at? 
Me. I wouldn' was'e no worry 

'Cause my jeans is gittin' ol' — 
Little tykes en Caroliny 

Mo' tuh me den piles o' gol'. 

Let de rain en sleet come zippin'; 

I don't care a picayune; 
Reach me down de bano, honey, 

Tell I rattles out a chune. 
Dough ol' Wintah shout en holler. 

He jes' bluffin' 'cause he know 
Soon he gotto go a-hikin', 

Totin' off his ice en snow. 

— Harriet Whitney Durbin. 



I 



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BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 




Winsome Womanhood 

By Margaret Sangster 

"A group of short essays 
divided into four parts. The 
first depicts aU the rela- 
tion.s to home and outside 
life of a young girl from 
fifteen years of age up to 
lier wedding day. The other 
portions deal with High 
Noon, Eventide. The 
Rounded Life. The whole 
Iwok is morally sound and 
thoroughly wholesome. The 
girl who reads it will be 
awakened to many of the 
minor ethics of life which 
engrossment in herself may 
have caused her to over- 
look. The mother, too, may 
be reminded of mistakes on her side, even if they 
t no worse faults than those of too much self- 
effacement before her children."--The Outlook. 
l-mo, cloth, gilt top. Illustrated. 

$1.05 

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(Postage extra, 12 cents.) 
Gi„ edition, illuminated pag^s and niain- ext^- 
iUusti-ations in sepia 1» ^^ ■ ^i. uyer. 




boxed. 

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.$2.50 



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Elgin, Illinois 



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PILGRIM'S PROGRESS IN 

WORDS OF ONE 

SYLLABLE. 

By Jolin Banyan. 

He was the greatest minister of 
the seven- 
teenth c e n t - 
ury. We have 
put Bunyan's 
Pi 1 g r i m ■ s 
Progress into 
easy, simple 
words to suit 
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that they may 
understand the 
beautiful and 
instruct- 
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This volume comprises about 250 
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STORIES FROM WONDER- 
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Travels and adventures, or 100 fire- 
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world, wild ani- 
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Thrilling scenes 
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MODERN FABLES AND 

PARABLES; 
Or Moral Truth in a Nutshell. 

Its Author. — W. S. Harries, ilu- au- 
thor of ■ Mr. World and Miss Church 
Member," has added another star to 
his erown in the writing of this book. 
Its Purpose. — The object of this book 
is to teach Wisdom and Morality, and 
to correct social evils. A timely book. 
It touches modern society at almost 
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so forcibly as never to be forgotten. 
Its Illustrations. — Over 100 illustrations 
!■> Paul Krafit and others. 

Publishers' Price $1.25 

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MARVELS OF NATURAL 
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Containing complete descriptions of 
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GRANDFATHER'S 
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Joshua, 

Samson, 

Ruth, 

Esther, 



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THE WONDERFUL STORY 
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^Mother's easy steps in Bible lore. 
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Testament. This 
y delightful work 
Wrenders the Bible 
a new book, full 
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precepts which lie 

at the foundation of all success in life. 

400 pages and 200 illustrations. 

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CHARACTER BUILDING; 

Or Principles, Precepts and Prac- 
tices Which Make Life 
a Success. 

By Henry Davenport Northrop, D. D. 

A v.ist treasury of the noblest truth.s 
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showing the true 
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WORLD'S RENOWNED 
AUTHORS 

And Their Grand Masterpieces 
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Comprising the 
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CHARMING BIBLE 
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Written in simple language. Size. 
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To these are added sacred allegories by 
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BBETHBBN' PUBI.ISHING HOUSE, Elg'in, Illinois 




A Sample of the Oat Fields in the Nanton District. 



Harvest Time 



The prosperous settlers in Sunny Southern Alberta have just finished harvesting a bounti- 
ful crop. It is now THRESHING TIME and their yields are enormous. 

Some fields are yielding as high as fifty bushels of wheat per acre. And oats are jrielding 
as high as one hundred and thirty bushels per acre. The crop on one acre brings enough money 
to buy two acres! Could you want an5rthing better? 

We have just secured, and are now offering for sale, 50,000 acres in the Nanton District 
where already there is established a large and prosperous settlement of the Brethren. 

Our prices are $9.00 per acre and up, on easy terms — ten years to pay for land when the 
purchaser settles on the land. Elxcursions every week. Cheap rates and railroad fare refunded 
to purchasers of 320 acres or more. 

For particulars, address. 



REDCLIFFE REALTY CO., ( R. R. Stoner, Pres. ) 



430 TEMPLE COURT 



MINNEAPOLIS, 



MINNESOTA 



CHURCH EXTENSION BY 

COLONIZATION 

The Co-operative Colonization Company, incoqjorated under the laws of Indiana, proposes 
to establish colonies, on their Co-operative plan, in the United States and other countries, in 
suitable localities, under the most favorable conditions. 

The aim is to establish self-supporting con gregations of our people, writh good church 
and school privileges from the beginning of a colony. 

A committee appointed by the Directors of this company, made an extended tour of in- 
vestigation through the West. After careful consideration of their report by the Directors, it 
was decided to locate their first colony in the San Joaquin Valley, California. This is one of 
the world's famous valleys, noted for its mild, congenial climate, rich soil and variety of prod- 
ucts. 

In this valley are grown successfully wheat, rye, oats, barley, alfalfa and other grasses; 
peaches, pears, prunes, apricots, nectarines, figs, olives, oranges, lemons, melons, canteloupes, 
strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, loganberries and grapes. Vegetables are grown almost 
every month in the year. English walnuts, almonds, pecans, peanuts and other nuts do well and 
are profitable. Dairying, beekeeping and poultry raising are carried on successfully. 
The new colony town, is on the main line of the Santa Fe Railroad, immediately on the tract 
selected for our first colony. It is in central California, within a few hours run of San Fran- 
cisco, Sacramento and Stockton, among the best markets in the State. 

The colony tract is well located, almost level, with a deep, fertile soil, mostly a sandy loam, 
weU adapted to above-named crops. It is in the Modesto irrigation district, one of the best 
systems in the State, with plenty of water, and the land owns the irrigation plant. Two large 
ditches cross the colony tract, and the present owner will construct lateral ditches to each 
forty acres — an important item. The drainage is excellent, no alkali or hardpan to interfere 
with crops, no brush, stumps or stones to be removed, a good place for 

IDEAL HOMES AND PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

This tract is not large. It will soon be taken up. Each one can select his tract. Home- 
seekers and investors should investigate this proposition. A selection either in the town, or 
colony will make an ideal home. Water for domestic use is obtained from wells about 50 feet 
deep, and is of fine quality. A good public school house is in easy reach of the colony. 

The next party of colonists will leave Chicago about February 9. The town and colony 
lands are both platted and are ready for occupation and cultivation. Prospective colonists and 
California tourists are invited to join us. Write for rates and particulars. 



CO-OPERATIVE COLONIZATION COMPANY 

NORTH MANCHESTER, INDIANA 
OR S. F. SANGER, GENERAL ORGANIZER, SOUTH BEND, INDIANA 




<i^^»^^<^»^i 



January 19, 1909 One Dollar Per Year 




They followed me up, curious to see the man who was going around the 
world without a cent. — Henry M. Spickler. 






I 



c^ 



[^ 



^ ^^^ 



c^ 



^ ^^^ 



c^ 



c:^ 



c^ 



c^ 



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AN UNCHALLENGED LIFE INSURANCE 

J. F. Studebaker, M. D. 



Brethren PublishinglHouse 

^==^= Elgin, Illinois ====^=^= 



I 



California 
Excursion 



Thursday, Feb. 11, 1909 



^1 

* 1 < 



k 



k 



^ 



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I 
I 

E. M. Cobb, Isaiah Wheeler, D. C. Campbell, 

Elgin, III. Oklahoma City, Okla., or Colfax, Ind. 

Cerro Gordo, III. 

I 

I George L. McDonaugh, 

I Colonization Agent Union Pacific R. R. 

! Omaha, Neb. 

( 

I 



t 1 
« I 



♦ 1 



• f 



i^ 



Will leave all points in Oklahoma for Butte Valley, Cal- 
ifornia. An excursion will leave Chicago the same day, 
{v| leaving Omaha, Nebraska and Kansas City, Missouri j^ 
on Friday, February 12, 1 909. All excursions w^ill be 
consolidated at Cheyenne, Wyoming Saturday morning 
February 1 3. For rates, routes and other information 
wnte to 



: 

I: 



Qiii nt i^»^»^f'^>^^^-i**»^*''i*^<^»^^>-''**'^*''*^ ^ *'^\/''»^^»''*^»^*^^ Q 



A SHADY TRANSACTION 

If you should purchase lumber and upon careful examination you found that it was really 
not solid timber, but merely short pieces spliced together, you would call it a " Shady Trans- 
action." That is about the kind of a proposition you are up against when you buy CUT-STAY 
FENCE. 

It's really not a first-class, full strength product. About half of its strength is wasted — sac- 
rificed to convenience and speed in manufacture. OUR STAY WIRE is NEVER CUT. It is an 
ENDLESS STAY. All the strength and service preserved and utilized. 



ADVANCE 



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it any test you wish. If you don't like it, send it back and we will 
return your money. WE KNOW ADVANCE FENCE WILL 
PLEASE YOU. 

Real Fence Economy 

consists in getting the greatest possible FENCE VALUE for the 
money expended. We are in position to ofifer you the best fence 
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TO USER of the fence. We cut out all go-betweens and are enabled 
to spend more for good material and first-class construction, while 
still saving you money. ADVANCE FENCE is WOVEN and not 
JUST "put" together. QUALITY IS WHAT COUNTS. We are 
fence specialists, and know how to make fence. 

We Pay Freight 

WE PAY THE FREIGHT on Advance Fence to any place in the 
United States and GUARANTEE SAFE DELIVERY. Our catalog 
and price list will describe fully and tell you exactly what any one 
of the 24 styles of Advance Fence wrill cost you, delivered to your 
nearest railroad station. 

Note our address. If you want to know anything about our re- 
sponsibility, the publishers of this magazine shall be glad to give 
you full information. 

Send for catalog and prices today. 

ADVANCE FENCE COMPANY 




108 N. State Street 



ELGIN, ILLINOIS 



JCDZ 



DEZDC 



ID 



Great Premium Offer 




Turn to the editorial page of this magazine and see what the 
Editor has to say about those who are to write for the INGLENOOK 
during this year and you will surely want to send in your subscrip- 
tion without delay. 

When you consider the quality of the articles and the fact 
that you get an illustrated magazine each week of the year for 
$1.00 you will want to send the paper to your friends. We expect 
your subscription in the near future, but we want your paper to be- 
gin with the next issue. 

WHILE THEY LAST 

We offer a FREE COPY of " MODERN 
FABLES AND PARABLES " in cloth bind- 
ing to each person sending us $1.00 for a 
year's subscription to the INGLENOOK. A 
book of 352 pages by W. S. Harris, author 
of " Mr. World and Miss Church Member." 
Over 100 illustrations by Paul Kraft and oth- 
ers. Publisher's price on this book is $1.25. 

ALL WE ASK is that you send us 31 
cents to pay for packing and postage of the 
book at the same time you send $1.00 for 
the INGLENOOK. A DOLLAR MAGA- 
ZINE AND A $1.25 BOOK FOR $1.31. 
Act quickly as we can not fill orders for premiums after our 
present stock is exhausted. 




■j>r' 




BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois. 



DCZDC 



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»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■ 




More About Miami Valley, 
New Mexico 



Are you seeking health? 

We have it as sure as this pure, rare mountain 
air brings it. 



^^* ^% t^* 

Are you wanting wealth? 

We can furnish you the resources for it. 

<^% ^^^ t?* 

Do you desire happiness? 

We have the conditions that bring it. 

t^^ tS^ (^* 

A co-operative thrifty community 

of neighbors for you. 

<^% ^^ ^* 

Excellent church privileges. 

(5* (,?• tS^ 

A good school for your children 

now in session, conducted in a good house built 
with the latest ideas of lighting and equipage. 



Beautiful scenery 

with its ever-shifting shades and tints to feast 
the eye upon. 

(5* t5* s5* 

Fine weather? Good roads? Yes, 
none finer. 

c^v t^v t^v 

Almost perpetual sunshine. 

Just think! Nearly every winter day Old Sol 
smiles out warm and bright. Contrast this with 
the days and weeks of cloudy weather, rain, 
snow, sleet, slush and mud back East and North. 

i^v ^v ^v 

Thanksgiving Day finds us with a 
goodly harvest and thankful hearts 
for this our first year of prosperity. 

Sickness has not been in our midst, death has 
claimed none of us and prosperity is inevitable 
for the future. 

(5* (5* (5* 

" Westward Ho " tells of our claims 
and resources. 

Send for a copy. Come and see us. 



Farmers Development Company, Miami, N. M. 




♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ MM 4*»»»«4»»»«tf»*»»»t»f»*»»»*»t ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦t««t«««< 




Results Are What Count 



Results of Some Crops Raised in Idaho, 1908 






-nsI-D OF BEETS. 


A. C. Coonard, .. 6 18% 


Wm. Hansen, . . 


. 6 


16 


Nampa District. 


Geo. Duval 170 14 


Melcher & Boor, 


. 37 


15 


Tons 


Rogers' Farm. . . 20 24 


A. E. Wood, . . . 


. 18 


16 


ITame Acres per A. 


Gough & Merrill,. 10 18 


P. A. Gregar, . 


. 6 


15 


Mark Austin, ... 35 IS 


A. V. Linder, ... 25 16 


R. F. Slone, . . . 


. 5 


15 


Company Farm, .90 16 


David Belts, ... 14 15 


Thos. Weir, . . . 


. 14 


23 


Allen Bissett, . . 2 18 


Payette District, 


Wm. Melcher, . 


. 21 


22 


Tolef Olsen 4 ITVz 


C. M. Williams, . 5 19 


S. N'iswander, . 


. 26 


17 


C. G. Nofzlger, .5 19 


W. F. Ashinhurst, 314 18 


John Ward, . . . 


. 10 


22 


Geo. Duval, .... 6 26 


E. E. Hunter, ... 27 16 


W. B, Ross, . . . 


. 5 


23 


ITampa District. 


Gough & Merrill, Oats 


100 


17 


The results of grain crop following the 


Joe Dickens, Wheat 


56 


20 


beet crop. 


Sugar Company, Barley 


60 


40 


Kind of Bushels 


Geo. Duval, Barley 


75 


35 


Crrain per A. A. 


John Holtom, Wheat 


52 


20 


I. Hildreth, Wheat 58 15 


Albert Mickels, Oats 


90 


9 



These results are only from a few points and a few individuals. Some 
localities report even greater yields, and show the possibilities of the coun- 
try. The fruit crop was very good; many of the growers realized from $700 
to $800 an acre for their apple crop this year, clear of all expenses. More 
land was sold in Idaho in 1908 than in any previous year. Land is still cheap. 
Settlers are going in very fast and the best opportunities will soon be taken. 

Homeseeker Round Trip Rates are in effect on the first and third Tues- 
days of January and February, 1909, as follows: From Chicago to Black- 
foot, Idaho, $42.50; Boise, Idaho, $57.50; Butte, Montana, $42.50; Caldwell, 
Idaho, $57.50; Hailey, Idaho, $53.60; Huntington, Oregon, second-class, 
$57.50; Idaho Falls, Idaho, $42.50; Ketchum, Idaho, $54.60; Market Lake, 
Idaho, $42.50; Mountain Home, Idaho, $53.90; Nampa, Idaho, $57.20; On- 
tario, Oregon, $57.50; Pocatello, Idaho, $42.50; Salt Lake City, Utah, $39.00; 
Shoshone, Idaho, $49.00; Twin Falls, Idaho, $50.80; Weiser, Idaho, $57.50. 

Colonist One Way Cheap Rates will be in effect from March 1 to April 
30, 1909, inclusive. 

Write at once for printed matter giving full particulars about Idaho and 
its possibilities, climate and other attractions. 



S. Bock 

Colonization Agent, Dayton, Ohio 



D. E. Burley 

Q.P.A.,O.S.L.R.R., Salt Lake City, Utah 



I 



■ml MSbEKOOK 



Vol. XI. 



January 19, 1909. 



No. 3. 



AN UNCHALLENGED LIFE 
INSURANCE 

J. F. STUDEBAKER, M. D. 



To many persons blood is a mixture of uncertain 
proportions. On the other hand scientists know that 
it consists of definite quantities of fluid (plasma), 
small uniform bodies, iron, various chemical salts, 
and principles which protect the body against disease 
and accidents, as hemorrhages from cuts or wounds, 
— the latter through clotting of the blood. 

The quantity of blood in animals is equal to one- 
twelfth to one-fourteenth of the body weight. In a 
man of average size there would be about twelve 
pounds of blood or nearly six quarts. 

The fluid part is of a light straw color. The round 
bodies are called corpuscles. Of these there are two 
groups: (1) red or erythrocytes and (2) white 
blood cells or leucocytes. Of the former there are 
in the normal state of health 5,000,000 to every cubic 
millimetre of blood in the male human subject and 
4,500,000 in the female. To these the blood owes its 
red color, the coloring agent being called hemoglobin 



1. Rough outline of a cubic millimetre. 

which contains an appreciable amount of iron. Of 
the white blood cells there are from 7,000 to 7,500 
to every cubic millimetre of blood. See figure for size 
of a cubic millimetre. (Fig. 1) 

The red blood cells or corpuscles (Fig. 2-a) are 
biconcave discs, i. e., they are concave or saucer-shape 
on each side. This makes them appear under the 
microscope transparent in the center and opaque on 
the edge (Fig. 2-a). Their diameter is 1-3200 of an 
inch. 1-32 of an inch is equal to the diameter of a 
heavy dot(.). Now can you imagine small bodies one 
hundred times smaller than this to leave your heart, 
pass through the body and return within twenty- 
five seconds? These cells have a tendency to arrange 
themselves in rows like dollars called rouleaux (Fig. 
2-c). If these were one inch in diameter instead of 
1-3200 of an inch and placed edge to edge in a single 



column, those of a man weighing one hundred and 
fifty ^pounds would belt the globe, which is 25,000 
miles in circumference, more than ten times. Can 
you conceive of such myriads of minute bodies, each 



m^-^ 



/I 




2. (a) The red corpuscles on the flat, (b) Same seen on 
edge magnified 1,000 times, (c) Red corpuscles in rouleaux, 
magnified 500 times. 

one having a distinct work to do and being in con- 
stant progress without disorder somewhere? Truly 
man is wonderfully made. 

The duties of the white corpuscles (Fig. 3) make 
them of unusual interest. Although of less number 
than the red cells in the proportion of 1 to every 666 
of the latter, yet they have a greater service, being 
the "national guard" of the body. They are spher- 
ical bodies with a diameter of 1-2500 inch and un- 
like the red corpuscles contain one to five central 
bodies called nuclei. Their average number of 7,500 
per cubic millimetre is not always constant but varies 
according to the time of day, food taken, habits and 
disease present. They are more abundant after a 
bath, after meals and in such diseases as pneumonia 
and erysipelas and less numerous during fasting and 
in such diseases as typhoid fever and malaria. 

They have been heroes since the time the first 
heart began to beat. Their courage is undaunted 
while they march in battalions against the invaders of 



.di 



4S&. 



/^ 



3. All of above are white blood cells or leucocytes, repre- 
senting different varieties. (a) The soldiers, with two or 
more central or nuclear bodies. (b), (c) and (d) Other 
forms, (c) being the most active in tuberculosis, (e) The 
most active leucocyte in scarlet fever. 

the body — diseases of varied forms. Elach one is 
a general in the campaign against the foe. They 
build walls about the intruder in manv cases and when 



50 



T[IE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



reinforcements or the vitality and resistance of the 
body are sufficient, a death blow is dealt to the enemy 
by cutting oflf supplies. This is well illustrated by 
the furuncle or so-called boil. Pus-producing germs 
are the offenders. They invade the soft and superfi- 
cial tissue. This has occurred only a short time 
until nature has detailed a regiment of soldiers to 
the field of hostilities. She is active to keep the ad- 
vancing and growing army of microbes from excessive 
plundering and from getting too far inland to en- 
danger her central resources and supplies. 

She has the same methods of warfare as of prim- 
itive times. No Catling guns are rushed forward. 
No revolving turrets are mounted with twelve and 
thirteen-inch cannon. The refinements of modern 
militarism do not enter into her tactics for her dis- 
cipline is better than the best in the world. She 
calls no international peace congresses in which to 
sit and listen to diplomats of diversified opinions while 
at home the navy yards are building more formidable 
gunboats. 

Her soldiers never retrench but die in the struggle 
to be followed by others. While they are in the en- 
counter with bacteria, which happen to be pus germs 
in the case of an ordinary boil with their site of en- 
gagement in the tissues, the minute cells of these 
tissues called round cells are sufficiently irritated and 
stimulated so that they rapidly multiply and form an 



^ 



4. (a) Dead soldiers, (b) The bacteria (staphlococci) pro- 
ducing a boll, (c) and (d) Dead soldiers wiio suffered the 
brunt of the flght more than (a). 

outer and additional barrier to the column of white 
blood cells surrounding the would-be conquerors. 
This outer barrier is the well-defined border of a 
boil. The center finally softens (dies) because food 
supplies have been cut ofif by the maneuvers of the 
soldiers and the great number of round cells, the 
blood channels being occluded. 

The dead soldier's uniform is usually badly torn, 
even into shreds, and his body full of wounds. 
(Fig. 4). If anyone should have a Carnegie medal, 
these soldiers (white blood cells) surely deserve it, 
for they are daily exposing themselves to hazards to 
protect us from all danger. It is through them that 
millions of lives have been saved. If it were not for 
them no one would reach old age. They are so 
vigilant that foreign foes are usually kept -from getting 
a camping ground and this makes up our immunity 
against disease, the ability to resist such maladies as 
tuberculosis, diphtheria, scarlet fever, and others. 

If the pus bacteria of a boil were not walled off, 
there would be widespread infection in the body with 




the formation of many abscesses in vital organs 
and large joints of the body. Chills, sweats, rapid 
wasting, exhaustion and death would often follow. 
When nature is unable to wall off an appendicitis 
the issue is sometimes fatal. These vast armies of 
soldiers are replenished by a rapid multiplication of 
the white corpuscles as soon as there is a call to the 
front for concentration of forces. 

Your most valuable asset is your standing army of 
white blood cells. It is worth more to you than the 
possession of a banking institution or the ownership 
of great tracts of rich black loam. It means your 
health. It is the best life insurance you can have and 
the policy cannot be challenged. 

^% i^9 t^f 

DISCOVERY OF GOLD IN CALIFORNIA. 

T. H. FERNALD. 

On the 19th day of January, in the year 1848, a 
man by the name of John W. Marshall was building 
a mill in the Sacramento Valley to supply pine lumber 
for the ranches and settlements far and near. On 
this particular day, Mr. Marshall picked up from the 
bed rock of the mill race a small piece of yellow 
malleable metal, weighing about seventeen grains, 
heavier than silver, and in every way resembling gold. 
He showed it to the others who worked at the mill, 
and the result of the discussion which followed, was 
that the gold theory was rejected by all but Mr. 
Marshall, who, not being satisfied, afterward tested 
it with nitric acid and found it to be actual gold. 
He also later found pieces like it in all the surround- 
ing gulches wherever he dug for it. 

The news of the discovery soon spread and in April 
reports of the finding of gold were published, and 
prospectors went to work at once. This mill soon 
became the center of attraction,' and was afterwards 
named Coloma or Colluma, from a tribe of Indians 
who lived in the neighborhood. The prospectors from 
there scattered in all directions, and by June the dis- 
coveries had extended to all the forks of the river, 
and the news had gone almost to the ends of the earth. 

Then followed the great " California Gold Craze 
of '49." Emigration began from all parts of America 
and even from Europe and Asia. In eighteen months 
one hundred thousand had gone from the United 
States alone to this El Dorado, where a fortune was 
to be picked up in a few days. Thousands made their 
way across the country amid hardships, which strewed 
the route with skeletons, and thousands more by ves- 
sels. (See Inglenook of October 13, page 962.) 

The Bay of San Francisco was soon surrounded 
by a city of shanties and booths. All ordinary em- 
ployments were laid aside. Ships were deserted by 
their crews, who ran to the mines, sometimes headed 
by their officers. Soon streets were laid out, and 
from this Babel, as if by magic, rose a beautiful 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



51 



city. For a time lawlessness reigned supreme. But, 
driven by the necessity of events, the most respectable 
citizens took the law into their own hands, organ- 
ized vigilance committees, and administered a rude, 
but prompt justice which soon brought order. 
Belfast, Maine. 

fc?5 -^5* ti7* 

CHRISTMAS TREE CUSTOM UPHELD. 

The country's forests again have been called up- 
on to supply about four million Christmas trees, and 
again many persons have asked themselves and have 
queried the United States Forest Service, " Is the cus- 
tom a menace to the movement for forest preser- 
vation? " 

In the million of happy homes over the country 
where the younger generation has made the Christmas 
tree the center of play since early Friday morning, 
there are many mothers and fathers who have given 
the question more or less thought. From Sunday 
schools and other organizations also, which hold an 
annual celebration around a gayly-trimmed evergreen 
for the benefit of the little ones, has come the question 
whether it is consistent to urge conservation of for- 
est resources and then to cut millions of young trees 
every year to afford a little joy in the passing holiday 
season. 

" Yes, it is consistent and proper that the custom 
should be maintained," has been the answer of United 
States Forester Gifford Pinchot in every case. " Trees 
are for use, and there is no other use to which they 
could be put which would contribute so much to the 
joy of man as their use by the children on this one 
great holiday of the year. 

" The number of trees cut for this use each year 
is utterly insignificant when compared to the con- 
sumption for other purposes for which timber is 
demanded. Not more than four million Christmas 
trees are used each year, one in every fourth family. 
If planted four feet apart they could be grown on less 
than 1,500 acres. This clearing of an area equal to 
a good-sized farm each Christmas should not be a sub- 
ject of much worry, when it ij remembered that for 
lumber alone it is necessary to take tinilier from an 
area of more than 100,000 acres every day of the 
year. 

" It is true that there has been serious damage to 
forest growth in the cutting of Christmas trees in 
various sections of the country, particularly in the 
Adirondacks and parts of New England, but in these 
very sections the damage through the cutting of 
young evergreens for use at Christmas is infinitesimal 
when compared with the loss of forest resources 
through fires and careless methods of lumbering. The 



proper remedy is not to stop using trees but to adopt 
wiser methods of use. 

" It is generally realized that a certain proportion 
of land must always be used for forest growth, just as 
for other crops. Christmas trees are one form of 
this crop. There is no more reason for an outcry 
against using land to grow Christmas trees than to 
grow flowers." 

The Forest Service upholds the Christmas tree 
custom, but recognizes, ■ at the same time, that the in- 
discriminate cutting of evergreens to supply the holi- 
day trade has produced a bad effect upon many 
stands of merchantable kinds of trees in different 
sections of the country. Waste and destruction us- 
ually result when woodlands are not under a proper 
systeni of forest management. Foresters say that it 
is not by denying ourselves the wholesome pleasure 
of having a bit of nature in the home at Christmas 
that the problem of conserving the forest will be 
solved, but by learning how to use the forests wisely 
and properly. The ravages through forest fires must 
be checked, the many avenues of waste of timber in its 
travel from the woods to the mill and thence to the 
market must be closed, and almost numberless im- 
portant problems demand attention before the Christ- 
mas tree. 

Germany is conceded to have the highest developed 
system of forest management of any country, yet its 
per capita use of Christmas trees is greatest. The 
cutting of small trees for Christmas is not there con- 
sidered in the least as a menace to the forest, but, 
on the contrary, as a means of improving the forest by 
thinning and as a source of revenue. It is therefore 
constantly encouraged. 

There is little doubt that the time will come when 
the Christmas tree business will become a recognized 
industry in this country, and that as much attention 
will be given to it as will be given to the growing 
of crops of timber for other uses. This time may not 
be far off, for it is already understood that only through 
the practice of forestry, which means both the con- 
servation of the timber which remains and carefully 
planned systems of reforestation, will it be possible to 
supply the country with its forty billion feet of lum- 
ber needed each year, as well as the few million little 
trees used at Christmas time. — United States Forest 
Service. 

(5* (5* t(?* 

" America is the land of opportunity," said the patri- 
otic citizen. " Think of the men who have attained great- 
ness from humble beginnings." 

" Yes," answered the European, who had been read- 
ing investigation reports; "but think also of the men 
who have attained humility from great beginnings." — 
Washington Star. 



52 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



Around the World Without 

a Cent 

Henry M. Spickler 



Chapter XLI. 

As usual, I slept up on deck, where I made a bed of 
canvas from the ship's stores. The sea was a glassy 
calm and the night run had been sweet and joyous to 
my first senses on awaking. 

The Lctimbro was slowing up and daylight had 
lighted up the blue sea. As at Messina, so here, the 
great, round orb of day came right up from out of 
Neptune, just like the Romans and Greeks saw him 
rise in their day. The crimson warmth of color about 
the sun as it rises here in the Mediterranean Sea is 
much more marked than is the rising of the sun on 
the Atlantic. The atmosphere is oriental and there is 
more color. But the air is soft and balmy and the 
shores are filled with fruit-bearing trees and gorgeous 
flowers that mature in perfect development. 

The Letimbro ran right up to a huge stone wall or 
breakwater built out to sea and it was the easiest thing 
to step oflf and walk into the city. The captain told me 
he would lie here until noon on the following day. My ! 
how glad I was. For it is so much better to take one's 
blessings by degrees. It is better to eat three good 
meals in one day than to eat all three at once, which 
is a physical impossibility. I was hungry for more sea, 
and I was just as glad to walk around on the land. So 
here I had another two days in a fair spot that would 
have many new sights for me, and I could enjoy the 
ecstasy of knowing that my boat was at my service, 
and that after I had seen everything in Catania, and 
fed fat on her peculiar foods, I was to go aboard my 
old friend and greet her jolly crew again for a longer 
sail to the island of Crete. Say what you will, no 
Yankee ever found things more to his advantage, no 
tourist ever took a plunge swim into the world's Edens 
with as much fun as I was having on my tour "Around 
the World Without a Cent." 

As to my money, I had wisely laid up enough for my 
passage and had much to spare for an emergency. 
Now and then I sold a photograph or received a small 
sum for an elocutionary stunt. I was a traveling bank 
with manna-like capital, that while not boasting of any 
surplus stock could " make money " whenever a 
" draw " on the bank was necessary. 

I found that Catania was about halfway between 
Messina at the north and Syracuse at the south, — by 
looking at my map. I wonder how many are referring 
to the maps they may have in the house, in their old 



geographies or in the atlas, or in the artistic and 
attractive advertising that is sent out by steamship and 
tourist agencies when they read in their evening papers 
about the trouble in Hayti or the work our country 
is doing at Manila. It would be wise to nail all such 
maps on the wall where they could be seen as easily as 
the flowers in the wall paper or the cracks of the plas- 
tering. Every glance at these would familiarize us 
with the whole earth, which is small enough to com- 
pass quite easily from nicely-colored maps. I beg now 
that the good reader who has been favoring me with 
his companionship on my long journey will at once 
dig out the maps, old or new, at whatever cost to in- 
difiference, and follow me from place to place, using a 
red pencil to work out the exact route I take as de- 
scribed in the letters. This method will increase your 
interest many fold and the value you get by this special 
care will be equal, in some weeks, to the whole price 
paid for the subscription. Ever after this, when read- 
ing of occurrences in the distant lands, you will know 
right where they are located and know something of 
their nature, people, products, climate, and many other 
things. And God wants you to know this more than 
any man does. " Go ye into all the world," he said. 
Go with the mind, go with the information, go with the 
imagination, go with true sympathy, go with the mis- 
sion money, go with the ship, yourself, if possible. 
That's what he meant. Take your civilization with 
you, take your good manners with you, take your pu- 
rity with you, take your happiness with you, take your 
medicines and your surgical instruments, take your 
business energy and ability, your inventions for labor- 
saving and for developing natural riches of all the 
lands around his footstool. 

Now, I am going. I feel that God has sent me, even 
mc, and I think he wants to show gloomy Christians 
that a man can be happy in most any place and in 
adverse conditions, that this earth is to be the home of 
the great millennium, but that long before it is adapted 
to such an ideal condition, it will have to be plowed 
and cultivated by the plows and harrows of toilsome 
energy turned loose to help others. 

With your map now on the clock shelf or in the 
library, you must follow me on my boat across the 
Mediterranean, and acting just as if you are thus hon- 
estly following, I will take you along and up through 
narrow and dangerous passages. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



53 



If you try to go alone or without the map, be \ou 
voung and gay or old and handsome, you are Hable to 
be left on some rocky isle of the sea where vultures 
with beaks of iron, shriek shrill above you. 

I am at Catania, between Messina and Syracuse, in 
Sicily, just about to go out into the streets to see what 
I can see. Mount Etna is back of the city, her slopes 
reaching almost to the city itself. I am registered at 
Hotel Bretagne, Bretagne meaning Britain or En- 
gland. The room assigned me is on the first floor above 
a large square room with glass doors opening out into 
a fancv veranda where I may rock and look down at 
the queer sights below, for the streets are full of chil- 
dren running in all directions, and donkeys and horses 
and cows ridden or driven about by hucksters. Fine 
carriages drawn by sleek blacks and bays with gold and 




I took the picture of this donkey and then bought a cent's worth of flgs 
from the baskets that swung on the sides of the animal." 



silver harness glide through the medley crowds, the 
drivers on the high seats calling in Italian to the mis- 
chievous urchins to clear the way for them. 

I must go down and mingle in these crowds. Hawk- 
ers of transparent, seedless grapes half ran, half 
walked, with the big pans or baskets of fruit balanced 
on the head. Little donkeys so lean they staggered, 
brayed along, bearing big loads of ripe figs. I stopped 
several of them and bought six or a dozen of the 
juciest figs, and I can tell now by the looks of a fig 
whether it is a good one. Tlie men shouted for buyers 
like madmen, their little, round, black eyes darting here 
and there in the hope of finding a purchaser. 

For one cent I can buy as much fruit, plums, prunes, 
pears, peaches, oranges, figs or grapes, as I care to 
eat at one time. 

Wagons rattled about at every comer filled with 



pears and peaches. The peaches were all pink-cheeked, 
and in packing needed no deceptive pink cloth to sell 
them. For one cent I bought six fine, deliciously sweet 
pears that would cost in Elgin or Chicago fifty cents. 
But pears as good as these couldn't be bought in the 
United States at any price. You must come to Sicily 
if you want pears at their best. Sicilian air and Sicilian 
sunshine can't be imported. 

Crowds of fun-making youngsters gathered around 
me when I began to barter for fruit or curios. They 
followed me up, curious to see the man who had started 
around the world without a cent. At one spot they 
were grouped so symmetrically I snapped them, as they 
unconsciously formed a human frame or background 
around one little, angel-faced baby boy still in his loose 
wrapper. He looked like a model of the child Jesus, 
for an Italian, and I couldn't help 
squeezing him a little and smiling into 
his intelligent, quizzing eyes. 

On going out from the hotel I no- 
ticed a face in the crowd on the other 
corner, looking at me. It was a strik- 
ing face, the face of a man sleuth, 
long, lean, with big, long nose and pro- 
truding cheek bones, deep set eyes and 
wide forehead. The skin was so white 
it was of a yellow cast. When my 
eyes were turned to this face a second 
time, it shrank from my piercing eye, 
as if its motive was of evil intention. 
He at once changed his position, start- 
ed as if to hurry away, then stopped 
suddenly, turned around and took ex- 
actly the same attitude as before, look- 
ing through and over the hundreds of 
moving people, at me. It was not a 
spy's furtive face, nor the studied neg- 
ligence of a detective, yet it was a 
face that I knew would follow me 
wherever I went. I had ample time 
to study the public buildings and see the parks 
of which the city boasted one back from the 
wharf some miles. I had gone into one of the shops 
and was coming out of the side door, feeling sure 
that I had escaped my white-faced friend. No, I 
had not. There he w'as, peering around the corner 
like a ghost, with more animation than before, but 
still with undecided mien as before. I appeared not 
to notice the face, and walked leisurely away, going 
down a side street that ran by the sea. When I got 
out of his view I ran for several blocks, hoping to 
escape him, for by this time my mind was excited 
about him. Along the sea ran for about a block a 
succession of boat or freight houses. Still out of 
sight of any one pursuing, I ran until I was too wami 
to run farther, changed my course and sought a small, 
shady park aside from the business portion of the city 



54 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



that I could see by the trees appearing over the houses. 
Street cars were running, electric I think, for I was too 
excited to notice and too dim is my memory of what 
I saw as I now write. 

I reached the little park in due time, had taken a 
seat on a long rattan bench and was rejoicing that the 
queer man had been left behind. 

There was a slight rustle in the lower foliage of a 
small but exuberant fig tree just in front of me. My 
flesh " crept " over me as I watched to see whether it 
was one of the pet dogs running about that belonged 



to some picnic parties not far away. Soon I saw the 
clothing of a man. Then the face, a whjte face, the 
face of this same man, with long, black hair, the same 
face I had seen at my hotel door, came out of the 
leaves, and focused its big black, but deep set eyes 
on me. 

I sprang from my seat and rushed from the grove, 
making my way as best I could towards the fine park 
that lay back in the direction of Mt. Etna. 

AU Rights Reserved. 



BORN IN EIGHTEEN HUNDRED 

NINE 

JOHN W. WAYLAND 



At the beginning of this new year, 1909, we are 
reminded that it marks the centenary of many famous 
men. The tercentenary of the great poet, John Mil- 
ton, celebrated on the 9th of December, serves as a 
fitting prelude to that series of celebrations that ex- 
tend throughout the succeeding twelve months. 

The year 1809 is probably without a parallel in the 
history of the world in the number of famous men and 
women that were born in it ; and now as we pause 
in this great centennial year it may be worth while 
to put down in a sort of catalogue the names of the 
more prominent of those who may be justly remem- 
bered, if not celebrated. 

The list of literary figures is the most conspicuous 
and remarkable, and may first have our attention. 

Famous Authors Born in 1809. 

John Stuart Blackie (1809-1895 .—A Scottish 
philologist. Born in Glasgow; educated at Aberdeen, 
Edinburgh, Gottingen, and Berlin. Translated 
Goethe's Faust, the dramas of ^schylus, and Homer's 
Iliad. Was a professor in the universities of Aber- 
deen and Edinburgh; was an educational reformer; 
and wrote numerous original works on language and 
literature. 

Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1809-1861).— Accord- 
ing to some authorities Mrs. Browning was born in 
1806. Her birthplace was near the city of Durham, 
England. At the age of eleven she composed an 
epic poem, "The Battle of Marathon." an echo of 
Pope's Iliad. Her marriage with the poet Robert 
Browning took place in 1846. After 1849 their home 
was in Florence, Italy, where she died. By many 
persons Mrs. Browning is regarded as the greatest 
woman poet of England. 

Mary Victoria Cowden Clarke (1809-1898).— An 



English Shakespearean scholar and author. She was 
a pupil and an associate of Mary Lamb. Among her 
half-dozen or more books, her great work is her con- 
cordance to Shakespeare. 

Edward Fitzgerald ( 1809-1883).— An English poet 
of Irish ancestry, bom in Suffolk County. He was 
educated at Trinity College, Cambridge ; and was an 
intimate friend of Spedding, Thackeray, Tennyson, 
and other distinguished men. His most famous works 
are translations from the Persian. 

Giuseppe Giusti (1809-1850).— One of the most 
celebrated of the modern poets and satirists of Italy. 
Was educated at Pistoja, Lucca, and Pisa. After 
trying the law and serving at Florence as Minister 
of Justice, he entered the field of literature. His 
writings exercised a positive and telling influence in 
the struggle of his country for unity and freedom. 

Nikolai Vassilyevitch Gogol (1809-1852).— One of 
the greatest of Russian writers. He was born in the 
Government of Poltava, of Cossack ancestry. From 
1830 to 1832 he was a clerk in the Department of 
Appanages at St. Petersburg, and within the interval 
published a volume of home-life sketches. His works, 
which include Mirgorod, Arabesques, the comedy Rc- 
visor, and Dead Souls, deal in a masterful way with 
the social, political, and economic problems of Rus- 
sia. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894) of Massachu- 
setts, the author of " The Autocrat of the Breakfast 
Table," " Elsie A^enner," " Old Ironsides," and " The 
Chambered Nautilus," is too well known to need in- 
troduction. 

Joseph Holt Ingraham (1809-1860).— An Amer- 
ican novelist, borne in Maine, a graduate of Bowdoirt 
College, and a teacher and preacher in Mississippi 
during the latter period of his life. He is probably 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



55 



the author of more published works than any other 
American writer. His most famous books are " The 
Prince of the House of David," " The Pillar of Fire," 
and " The Throne of David." 

Alexander WilHam Kinglake (1809-1891).— An 
English historian, bora at Taunton, Somersetshire. 
He was a friend and college mate of Thackeray and 
Tennyson. His chief work is a history of the Crimean 
War, in eight volumes. From 1857 to 1868 he was a 
member of Parliament, representing Bridgewater. 

Robert Shelton Mackenzie (1809-1880).— An Irish- 
American journalist and writer of miscellaneous 
pieces. 

Richard Monckton Milnes, Baron Houghton ( 1809- 
1885). — An English poet and politician, born in Lon- 
don. At Trinity College, Cambridge, he was a mem- 
ber of the famous " Apostles' Club," which included 
at the same time Tennyson and Arthur Henry Hal- 
lam. In Parliament he labored for public education, 
religious equality, copyright laws, and the establish- 
ment of reformatories for juvenile offenders. He 
traveled in the East, in Canada, and in the United 
States. 

Frederik Paludan-Muller (1809-1876).— A Danish 
poet, educated for the law at Copenhagen. He wrote 
dramas and romances, and was skilled in both verse 
and prose; but his most important work is Adam 
Homo, a novel in verse. 

Albert Pike (1809-1891).— An American author, 
editor, lawyer and soldier, born in Boston, but for 
the most part a resident of the South. He served in 
the Mexican War, and rose to the rank of brigadier- 
general in the Southern Confederacy. He wrote prose 
and poetry, his " Hymns to the Gods " being the 
best known of his work in the latter form. 

Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849.— An American poet, 
editor, literary critic, and writer of short stories ; one 
of the leading figures in American literature. He was 
a student at the University of Virginia in 1826, dur- 
ing the second session of that institution, where he 
won honors in his classes, and whence he was not 
expelled, as some have supposed. At this time his 
home was with the Allan family in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, though Boston was his birthplace. " The 
Raven " is his most famous poem, though " Israfel " 
and others are probably better. Among his stories, 
"The Gold Bug" and "The Fall of the House of 
Usher " are familiar. He died in Baltimore. 

Juliusz Slowacki (1809-1849).— An eminent Polish 
author, born at Kremenez. He wrote poems, dramas, 
etc. ; and because of the morbid and misanthropic 
nature of his work he has been called the " Satan of 
Literature:" 

Alfred (Lord) Tennyson (1809-1892), born at 
Somersby, in Lincolnshire, August 6, 1809, died at 
Aldworth, in Surrey, on the 6th of October, 1892. 
He is one of the greatest and most popular of English 



poets. His In Memoriam, by many regarded as his 
greatest poem, was written on the death of Arthur 
Henry Hallam. " Enoch Arden " and many of his 
shorter pieces are old familiar friends to every gen- 
eral reader. 

A Famous Scientist. 
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882).— Generally 
regarded as the greatest English naturalist of the 
nineteenth century. His name is linked with the 
modern theory of evolution, which has been much 
misunderstood and often misapplied. A wonderful 
and far-reaching system, it has been reduced by some 
to an absurdity, in the effort to apply it to everything, 
or to explain everything by it. Darwin was born 
at Shrewsbury, on the 12th of February, 1809; his 
death occurred on the 19th of April, 1882. 

Four Famous Statesmen. 

William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898).— England's 
" Grand Old Man," perhaps the greatest statesman of 
modern times, was born in Liverpool and educated 
at Eton and Oxford. If he had not won distinction 
in Parliament, and as Prime Minister of the realm, he 
would still have had a title to fame by reason of his 
versatile scholarship and his prolific authorship. He 
stood for morality and liberality in life and in govern- 
ment. His bills in Parliament worked far-reaching 
and beneficial reforms. 

Hannibal Hamlin (1809-1891).— An American po- 
litical leader, and Vice-President of the United States 
from 1861 to 1865. He was a native of Maine; was 
a member of the State legislature, member of Con- 
gress, U. S. Senator, Governor of Maine, and Minis- 
ter to Spain. 

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809-1887).— A 
native of Essex County, Virginia, and a contempo- 
rary of Edgar Allan Poe at the University of Virginia. 
Having served in the State legislature, he was elected 
to Congress, and became Speaker of the House at 
the age of thirty. He was later Senator of the United 
States and of the Confederate States, and served 
awhile under the latter government as Secretary of 
State. 

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865).— The sixteenth 
President of the United States; and the most famous 
public man of his generation. He was born in Hardin 
County, Kentucky, on Darwin's birthday, February 12, 
1809, and died in Washington City, April 15, 1865. 
He was the first " martyr President." 

Two Fjimous Musicians. 

Frederic Frangois Chopin (1809-1849). — A native 
of Poland, born on the anniversary of Washington's 
birthday, the son of a French father and a Polish 
mother. He is regarded by many persons as the 
greatest modern master of pianoforte composition. 

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847).— A 
great German pianist and composer, born at Hamburg, 



56 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



February 3. His compositions include overtures, sym- 
phonies, and oratorios. Among the last are Saint Paul 
and Elijah. 

There are doubtless other noted personages whose 
centenaries fall within tliis year ; but this is not in- 
tended to be exhaustive. Enough names have been 
given, however, to prove that 1809 was a remarkable 
birtli-year. and to suggest an interesting study to 
students of history and literature. 

.< v< :•* 

ALPHABET OF AMERICAN AUTHORS. 

G. FEGLEV. 
XXIV. E. D. Yeomans. 

Edw.\ed Dorr Yeom.\ns was the son of Rev. John 
W. Yeomans, and was born in 1829 at North Adams, 
Mass., where his father was pastor of the Presbyte- 
rian church. He was educated mostly by his father, 
who was from 1841 to 1844 President of La Fayette 
College at Easton, Pa., where lie graduated before 
he was fifteen years old. 

He studied for the ministry, and preaclied from 
1854 to 1858 in the Warrior Run church, Pa. : from 
1858 to 1863 in the Fourtli church at Trenton, N. J.: 
from 1863 to 1867 in St. Peter's churcli at Buffalo. 
N. Y. ; and in Orange, N. J., from 1867 to his death 
in 1868. 

He was an accomplished scholar and of more than 
ordinary proficiency in Latin, Hebrew, Greek and 
German, and was especially skillful in translations; 
his translations from the German having all the " ear- , 
marks " of the original. He translated Schaff's 
" History of the Apostolic Church," Schaff's " His- 
tory of the Christian Church," Schaff's " Lectures on 
America," and at his death was working on Lange's 
bulky " Commentary of St. John." Princeton College 
gave him the honorary degrees of A. M. and D. D. 

Worthy of mention: J. W. Yeomans, religious; 
Edward Young, poetry. 

Bryan, Ohio. 

ADVICE TO A YOUNG MAN. 

Remember, son, that the world is older than you 
are, by_ several years ; that for thousands of years it 
has been so full of smarter and better young men than 
yourself that their feet stuck out of the dormer win- 
dows ; that when they died the old globe went whirling 
on, and not one man in ten million went to the funeral, 
or even heard of the death. 

Be as smart as you can, of course. Know as much 
as you can, without blowing the packing out of your 
cylinder-head ; shed the light of your wisdom abroad 
in the world, but don't dazzle people with it, and don't 
imagine a thing is so simple because you say it is. 
Don't be too sorry for your father because he knows 
so much less than you do ; remember the reply of Dr. 
Wayland to the student of Brown University who 
said it was an easy enough thing to make proverbs 



such as Solomon wrote. " Make a few," tersely re- 
plied the old man. We never heard that the young 
man made any. Not more than two or three, anyhow. 
The world has great need of young men. but no 
greater need than the young men have of it. Youi 
clothes fit you better than your father's fit him ; they 
cost more money, they are more stylish, your mus- 
tache is neater, the cut of your hair better, and you 
are prettier, oh, far prettier than " pa." But, young 
man, the old gentleman gets the bigger salary, and 
his homely, scrambling signature on the business end 
of a check will bring more money out of the bank in 
five minutes than you could get out witli a ream of 
paper and copper-plate signature in six months. 

Young men are useful, and we all love them, and 
we couldn't engineer a picnic successfully without 
them. But they are not novelties, son. Oh, no, noth- 
ing of the kind. They have been here before. Do> 
not be so modest as to shut yourself clear out ; 
but don't be so fresh that you will have to be put away 
in the cool to keep from spoiling. 

Don't be discouraged that your merits will not be 
discovered. People all over the world are hunting 
for you, and if you are worth finding, they will find 
N'ou. A diamond isn't so easily found as a quartz 
pebble, but people search for it all the more intently. — 
E.vchange. 

•.« •."* .?« 

SEASONING AND TREATING TELEPHONE 

POLE CROSS-ARMS. 

There are used every year in the United States 
about 14,000,000 cross-arms for telephone and tele- 
graph poles. Of these, perhaps one-fourth are now 
treated with preservatives to increase tlieir durability, 
and there are at least five plants, at New York city, 
Norfolk, Va., New Orleans and Slidell, La., and West 
Pascagoula, Miss., at which cross-arms are treated. 
Because of their small size as compared with the 
strength required and the weakening effects of the 
holes for insulator pins, and their constant exposure 
to all kinds of weather, cross-arms should receive a 
thorough treatment. A good treatment with creosote 
will at least treble their durability. 

A large portion of the supply of cross-arms comes 
from the South ; they are sawed from the loblolly or 
old field pine, of which there is a large quantity 
throughout this region. This tree grows rapidly, but 
contains much sapwood, which is difficult to season. 
It has been said that " loblolly pine sapwood will rot 
before it will season in the warm, damp climate of 
the South." While this is probably overdrawn, it is 
necessary so to pile the cross-arms that the air may cir- 
culate freely about them, and to protect them from 
rain and snow by a roof of loose boards. By laying 
twenty cross-arms in a tier, two cross-arms at each 
side and two in the middle set on edge, and allowing a 
small space between each of the others, which are laid 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



57 



flat, favorable conditions for seasoning are established 
and no rotting will occur. 

Sapwood absorbs preservative so much more read- 
ily than heartwood that when both cross-arms in 
which sapwood abounds and those in which heart- 
wood predominates are treated in the same run the 
former absorb an excessive amount before the latter 
have received what they require. This is not only a 
needless expense but a detriment, inasmuch as the ex- 
cess of creosote in the sapwood later oozes out and 
drips on those who walk beneath. To solve this diffi- 
culty, the cross-arms should be sorted in three classes, 
as sapwood. intermediate, and hardwood, and treated 
in diflferent runs. 

Cross-arms are treated in large horizontal cylinders 
varying from 90 to 180 feet in length and from 6 to 7 
feet in diameter. Into these the anns are run on 
skeleton trucks, and the doors are then bolted air-tight. 
Creosote is next run until the remaining space in the 
cylinder is filled. Pressure is sometimes then applied 
by pumps to force the preservative into the wood. 
In some instances before the preservative treatment 
the cross-arms are treated to a bath of living steam 
followed by the drawing of a vacuum, to remove 
moisture and secure rapid penetration of the wood by 
the preservative. It is the opinion of the Forest 
Service, however, that the bath in steam is not neces- 
sary or desirable if the arms are properly air seasoned. 
Other recommendations for seasoning and treating 
cross-arms, and a discussion of the methods now in 
use. are contained in Circular 151 of the Forest 
Service, which can be had upon application to The 
Forester at Washington. — Scientific American Supple- 
ment. 

The Children's Corner 



A CHILD'S HYMN. 

Now the day of work is done, 
Now the quiet night's begun, 
And I lay my tired head 
Safe within my little bed. 

Savior, hear me; 

Be thou near me; 
Let me now thy mercy find. 

I can see from where I He, 
Glitt'ring in the dark blue sky, 
Here and there a little star 
Shining out so clear and high. 

Savior, hear me; 

Be thou near me; 
Keep me safe beneath thine eye. 

If I've grieved thee through this day, 
Let my sin be washed away; 
Make me meek, and pure and kind. 
Give me thy most holy mind. 
Savior, hear me; 



Be thou near me; 
Let me now thy mercy find. 

Thou art loving me above. 
And I love thee for thy love; 
Thou didst leave thy throne on high 
-And for me came down to die. 

Thou wilt hear me. 

And be near me, 
I am safe while thou art nigh. 

— Children's Companion. 

&?• (5* t5* 

CHARLIE'S PHOTOGRAPH. 

" Father, Willie Morris had his photograph taken. 
I do want to have mine. Please let me. Wouldn't 
you and mother like to have one of me, father?" 

" But I have a lot of photographs of you, Charlie — 
in fact I take one with me every day to town. I take 
a diiferent one every day — sometimes they are very 
ugly ; but they are always like my little boy." 

" Oh, father ! are you making fun ? Why, I never 
had my photograph taken," said Charlie, his eyes 
staring wide with surprise. 

" Ah, yes, you have ; for I take one of you, though 
you don't know it, every morning when I go to town," 
said his father, as he hung his hat on the peg in the 
hall, and, sitting down in a chair, drew the perplexed 
little boy toward him. " This morning, when I start- 
ed from home to go to my office, I took a photograph 
of you and put it in my pocket. I took it, not with a 
camera, but with my eyes, and the pocket I put it in 
was not in my coat, but I put it in the pocket called 
memory, which I carry in my head, and I have kept 
it there all day. 

" Shall I tell you what the photograph I have car- 
ried about with me all day was like — the one I took 
this morning of my little boy ? " asked his father, 
softly, as he drew him closer to his knee. 

" Please, father," Charlie whispered low. 

" It was a dark, ugly photograph. There was a 
frown on his brow, and an angry light in his eyes, 
and his mouth was shut up very tight indeed, so tight 
that he could not possibly open it to say ' Good-bye ' 
to father ; and all because he wasn't allowed to go out 
to the garden to play ball before breakfast because 
it was raining. So he let father go away to town 
with a very ugly photograph of Charlie to look at all 
day, instead of the bright, pleasant one he might 
have had." 

'Charlie's head hung so low it seemed as if he never 
would look up again. 

" I don't know what kind of a photograph mother 
took of you when you were going to school. I hope 
it was nicer than mine ; and I know she wants a nice 
one left with her every day while you are at school, 
just as badly as I want one to take to town. Will 
Charlie try not to give us ugly ones any more? " 

Charlie looked up now and whispered, " I wiH 
trv, father." — Selected. 



58 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



Nature Studies 




APPROPRIATION. 

RICHARD BRAUNSTEIN. 

The sun shone bright o'er hill and vale, 
O'er waving field and grassy lea; 

A little flower looked up and said: 
" It shines for me." 

The rain fell soft o'er all the land, 

And washed the leaves of wood and tree; 

A little thirsty grass-root said: 
"It falls for me." 

The wind blew gently from the south 
And fanned the face of earth and sea; 

Said each green blade and tender ear: 
" It blows for me." 

The Sun of Righteousness Divine, 
The showers of blessing rich and free, 

The Holy Spirit's quickening breath 
Are all for me. 

t£^ »5* «^ 

WONDERS OF ANIMAL SIGHT. 

A WRITER in the Chicago Nezvs, mentioning the 
marvels of sight in animals, says : 

The grayhound runs by sight only. The carrier 
pigeon flies its hundreds of miles homeward by eye- 
sight, noting from point to point objects that it has 
marked ; or so, at least, it is thought. The dragon fly, 
with twelve thousand lenses in its eye, darts from 
angle to angle with the rapidity of a flashing sword, 
and as rapidly darts back, not turning in the air, 
but with a clash reversing the action of its four wings, 
and instantaneously calculating the distance of the ob- 
jects, or it would dash itself to pieces. No one can 
tell in what conformation of the eye this power con- 
sists. A thousand mosquitoes dance up and down in 
the sun, with the minutest interval between them, 
yet no one knocks another headlong on the grass, or 
breaks a leg or a wing, long and delicate as they are. 

This is supplemented by the Chicago Tribune with 
these interesting facts : 

The sharp-eyed hawk can spy a lark on a piece of 
earth almost exactly the same color at twenty times 
the distance it is perceptible to man or dog. A kite 
soaring out of human sight can still distinguish and 
pounce upon lizards and field-mice on the ground, and 
the distance at which vultures can sight their prey 
is almost incredible. 



Recent discoveries have inclined naturalists to the 
belief that birds of prey have not the acute sense of 
smell or of hearing that has hitherto been accredited 
to them. Their keen sight seems to account for their 
action, and they appear to be guided by sight alone, 
as they never sniff at anything, but dart straight at 
the object of their desire. 

Their counterparts in the ocean doubtless smell 
and see, but are more guided by smell than sight. In 
both sharks and rays the eyes are good and have a 
distinct expression though since they scent their prey 
from a short distance and swim up to it with greatest 
rapidity, smell may be called their real eye. — Selected. 

ti5» tiS* (5* 

PECULIAR BIRDS. 

Birds without wings are among the strange crea- 
tures that may be found in New Zealand, and they 
are very interesting specimens to scientists. They 
are fast becoming extinct, and it is believed that in 
no other part of the earth could they have existed 
so long as they have in these islands. The reason for 
this is that in New Zealand there are no destructive 
animals to attack them. The kakapo, as it is called 
by the Maori natives, is also named the ground- or 
night-parrot, as it lives on the ground and is nocturnal 
in its habits. These birds are about the size of a 
raven, and are green, marked with black and yellow. 
They make their nests in holes in the ground, and 
breed only once in two years. They have almost dis- 
appeared from North Island and are rare in Middle 
Island. 

The weka is the Maori name for another New Zea- 
land bird that cannot fly. It is a brown bird similar to 
some species of American rail. One species frequents 
the seashore and feeds on shellfish, while the other in- 
habits the interior of South Island. They mate for 
life, and male and female take turns in hatching the 
brood. They, too, are rapidly becoming extinct. 

The poyhoney-eater, sometimes called the " parson- 
bird," because of its white throat-feathers, is another 
native of New Zealand. It is a good singer and 
mimic. It has an extensile tongue which is forked 
at the tip, and has fibers which form a kind of brush 
useful in gathering its food. 

One of the curious birds of South America is the 



THE I N GLEN OOK.— January 19, 1909. 



59 



hoazin, which, as a birdling, has claws almost like 

hands attached to its wings. As it grows older the 

claws disappear and it becomes like other birds. — The 

Circle. 

..< ,< ..^ 

SOME LONG NAPS. 

All animals have their own particular time for 
sleeping, says a writer in an exchange. 

Human beings sleep at night, so do most of the 
insects and birds. But there are some little creatures 
that take very long sleeps ! When they are all through 
their summer work they crawl into winter quarters. 
There they stay until the cold weather is over. Large 




Mist on the Meadows. 



away in the winter that are not wholly asleep all the 
time. The blood moves a little, and once in a while 
they take a breath. If the weather is at all mild they 
wake up enough to eat. 

Now, isn't it curious that they know all this before- 
hand? Such animals always lay up something to eat, 
just by their side, when they go into their winter sleep- 
ing places. But those that do not wake up never lay 
up any food, for it would not be used if they did. 

The little field mouse lays up nuts and grain. It 
eats some when it is partly awake on a warm day. 
The bat does not need to do this, for the same 
wamith that wakes him 
wakes the insects on which 
he feeds. He catches some 
and then eats. 

The woodchuck, a kind 
of marmot, does not wake, 
yet he lays up dried grass 
near his hole. What is it 
for, do you think ? On pur- 
pose to have it ready the 
first moment he wakes in 
the spring. Then he can 
eat and be strong before he 
comes out of his hole. 

I have told you that his 
sleep lasts all winter. But 
with some animals it often 
lasts much longer than that. 
Frogs have been known to 
sleep several years. When 
they were brought into the 
warm air they came to life 
and hopped about in as 
lively a way as ever. 

How many things are 
sleeping in the winter! 
Plants, too, as well as ani- 
mals. What a busy time 
they do have in waking up, 
and how little we think 
about it all ! 

<,?• ^C (5* 



numbers of frogs, butterflies, and spiders do this. If 
they were only to sleep for the night the blood would 
keep moving in their veins and they would breathe. 
But in this winter sleep they do not appear to breathe, 
or the blood to move. Yet they are alive, only in such 
a " dead sleep." 

But wait until the springtime. The warm sun will 
wake them up again. They will come out, one by 
one, from their hiding places. 

However, there are some kinds of animals that hide 



A SPECIES of sheep common in Syria is so encum- 
bered by the weight of its tail that the shepherds fix 
a piece of thin board to the imder part, where it is 
not covered with thick wool, to prevent it from being 
torn by the bushes. Some have small wheels affixed 
to facilitate the dragging of these boards after them. 
The tail of a common sheep of this sort usually ' 
weighs fifteen pounds or upward, while that of a 
large species, after being well fattened, will weigh 
fifty pounds. — The Boys' World. 



60 



THE INGLENOOK.— Tainiarv 19, lOVJ. 



THE INGLENOOK 

A Weekly Magazine 

PUB1,ISHED BY 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL. 
Subscription price, $1.00 per Annum, in Advance. 



The Inglenook stands for material and spiritual progress. 

Its departments are: Literary, Editorial, Home, Cream of 
Uagazines, World News. 

Its qualities are: Good Sentiment, Moral Convictions, Inspi- 
ration. 

Its purpose is: To safeguard home life by supplanting and 
counteracting bad literature. 

Its scope of matter is: Scientific, Religious, Educational, 
Philanthropic, Economical, Sociological and Financial. 

Its field is: The World. 

Liberal commission given to agents. Sample copies ' are 
given upon request. When changing address give both old 
and new addresses. 

Entered at the Postofflce at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 



CARE OF DEPENDENT CHILDREN. 

If our active President does not get around to look 
up every good cause and give it a helping hand, 
there will, in many cases, be those who will look them 
up for him and call his attention to them. In fact, 
it is no doubt through this method that he has come 
to give attention to so many things that have hereto- 
fore not been looked upon as belonging to the Presi- 
dent's duties. However, his attitude first opened the 
way and made it easy for the advocates of a worthy 
cause to approach him. 

One of the latest of these worthy causes to be 
brought to the attention of the President is that of 
the various charity associations interested in the wel- 
fare of dependent children. The President has taken 
hold of the subject with his characteristic energy and 
has sent a letter to about one hundred prominent 
men, inviting them to a conference in Washington to 
formulate a plan for his consideration, with a view 
to recommend congressional legislation. 

Here is the President's letter: 

" I am confident that you will be impressed with 
the very great importance of the subject touched in 
this letter and the desirability that there should be the 
fullest discussion of the propositions, a memorandum 
of which I inclose. Surely nothing ought to interest 
our people more than the care of the children who are 
destitute and neglected but not delinquent. Person- 
ally. I very earnestly believe that the best way in 
which to care for dependent children is in tlie family 
home. In Massachusetts many orphan asylums have 
been discontinued, and thousands of the children who 
formerly have gone to the orphan asylums are now 
kept in private homes, either on board with payment 
from public or private treasuries or in adopted 
homes provided by the generosity of foster parents. 
Many religious bodies have within the past ten years 
organized effective child-placing agencies. I am ac- 
cordingly inviting a number of men and women to a 



conference to be held in Washington Jan. 25 and 26. 
The conference will open by my receiving the mem- 
bers at the White House Jan. 25 at 2 :30 P. M. Can 
you attend ? Will you please communicate with 
James E. West, 1343 Clifton street. N. W., Washing- 
ton, D. C?" 

Of equal interest to our readers, we are sure, will 
be the letter of the charity workers which stirred the 
President to action. The letter ran as follows: 

" The State has dealt generously with her trouble- 
some children; but what is she doing for those who 
make no trouble, but are simply unfortunate? 

" Destitute children certainly deserve as much con- 
sideration and help as those who, by reason of some 
alleged delinquency, enforce the attention of the State 
and become objects of its care; but only a few States 
have defined responsibility for this class of children. 
Their care and protection is left in many localities 
to the fidelity of voluntary agencies without requir- 
ing proper standards of method or efficiency and with- 
out definite responsibility to the State or the commu- 
nity. According to a special bulletin of the United 
.States census there were in orphan asylums and kin- 
dred institutions on Dec. 31, 1904, not less than 99,901 
children. In addition to these there were probably 
some 50,000 dependent children in family homes, 
under supervision. 

" In many States, however, little or no child-sav- 
ing work is done, and in many States the organiza- 
tions are greatly handicapped by the lack of apprecia- 
tion and of adequate financial support. 

" It is of the highest importance to the welfare of 
this vast number of future citizens that all child-sav- 
ing work shall be conducted on a high plane of effi- 
ciency ; that in the placing of children in families the 
utmost care shall be taken to exclude all undesirable 
applicants, that every precaution shall be taken in the 
subsequent supervision of the cliildren to prevent 
neglect, overwork, insufficient education or inadequate 
moral and religious training, and that institutions 
shall be so carried on as to secure the best physical, 
mental, moral and religious training of each individual 
child, and to fit it for active and creditable citizen- 
ship." 

Judge Lindsey, of the Denver, Colo., Juvenile 
Court; Jacob Riis, of New York City, Booker T. 
Washington, of Tuskegee Institute, and United States 
Commissioner of Education Brown are among those 
invited to the conference. 

It will be clear to all noble-hearted, thinking people 
that the President is right when he says " The best way 
to care for dependent children is in tlie family home." 
But the granting of this statement as the truth does 
not insure the solution of tlie problem. There is still 
murli left for this conference to do. And after the 
conference and Congress have done all in their power 
there will still be something left for those to do who 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



61 



have established the family home with all its blessed 
influences. 

May much good come from the noble work so well 
begun, and may all who should be concerned in the 
work discharge their duty as willingly and as well as 
those who have begun it. 

(.5* (^w •,?• 

WITH OUR READERS. 

I.\ our efforts to secure writers for our magazine 
for this year we consider ourselves especially for- 
tunate. Not only have we a list of names that prom- 
ises much interesting and valuable reading matter, 
but the willingness with which these writers have 
agreed to do the work is bound to give an added 
value to their articles in particular and to the whole 
magazine in general. These writers belong to our 
family and they therefore write from a broader mo- 
tive than that of the average magazine writer. 

In the home department during the year there will 
be at least one medical talk each month. In the past 
a good many of us have had a wrong idea of the 
physician's work. His chief aim is not to make peo- 
ple well, but to keep them well, and in these medical 
talks we believe the people will see that this is true. 
Dr. J. F. Studebaker, of Fort Dodge, Iowa, will write 
on the following subjects: "Where Do You Live?" 
" When the Shadows Are Long," " My Nerves," and 
" American Dyspepsia." Dr. O. G. Brubaker, of Mt. 
Morris, 111., will discuss The Great White Plague or 
Tuberculosis (two articles). Rebellion of Cells and 
Tissues in the Body or Cancer, and The Use and 
Abuse of Patent Medicines. Dr. O. H. Yereman, as- 
sociate editor of The Clinic (Eye. Ear, Nose and 
Throat), and occupying a chair of clinical teaching 
in the University Medical College of Kansas City. 
Mo., will write on the diseases and care of the eye- 
sight, hearing and voice. Other topics, coming with- 
in the range of this department will be discussed by 
writers who are well known among us. 

In the miscellaneous department there will be a 
wide range of subjects treated. Special articles have 
been promised along the line of biography and his- 
tor\-. John W. Wayland. professor of history in 
the L'niversity of \^irginia, will, at an early date, 
furnish us with a write-up of Poe, specializing his 
life at that university. Then there will be three or 
four articles on prison life, a series on various phases 
of seacoast life and conditions, and now and then a 
story and an article from foreign lands, besides those 
that will apjiear every week in the series, " Around 
the World Without a Cent." " .A.mong the Sierras " 
and " The Big Trees " will give us an idea of some of 
the things that nature has done for California. 

Three able writers will furnish articles regularly 
for the nature department. We hope to make arrange- 
ments with others. Every reader who is a lover of 



nature is urged to send us accounts of the unusual 
or remarkable occurrences that have come under his 
observation in the plant, animal, or insect world. 

A number of ministers of the Church of the Breth- 
ren .have promised to write for the Quiet Hour de- 
partment and a contributed article will appear in those 
pages every week. 

Dear reader, is this not a foretaste of a veritable 
■ feast of good things ? In giving a hint of what this 
year's Inglenook is to contain, the editor has not 
indulged in any dreams. We have the word of the 
contributor for every article mentioned. And 
this is not all. We are sure that some of the things 
that are yet in the dream state will become realities, 
for some of our arrangements are not completed 
yet, owing to the late date at which we began them. 
But we are persuaded that the above outline will 
appeal strongly to our readers, — so strongly, we hope, 
that they will convince others that they should have 
a share in the good things. 

THE PARCELS POST. 

At present we seem to be about as far from realiz- 
ing the benefit of a parcels post as at any time 
since the subject has been before the people. It was 
once said in Congress that there are six great reasons 
why the parcels post should not be established by the 
government, namely the Adams Express Company, the 
.American, Pacific, Southern, United States, and Wells- 
Fargo. Evidently the reasons are powerful ones — 
insurmountable, it would seem, from the fact that the 
will of the people has not been able to remove them. 
Just what this power consists in only these giant com- 
panies and perhaps a few law-makers know. 

Last year the express companies registered total 
receipts of $128,117,176. Every postmaster-general, 
from the time of John Wanamaker, has tried to get 
Congress to accept the unanswerable argument in 
favor of the parcels post. The foreign service, which 
is now an established fact, is giving perfect satisfac- 
tion. " There can be no possible defense of a policy 
under which a package can be sent from Philadelphia 
to London cheaper than from Philadelphia to New 
York." 

It is clear that the people of the Ignited States have 
not yet taken hold of this subject by the right handle. 
We need a man with the conviction and the persever- 
ance of a Charles E. Hughes to see that our welfare- 
is considered and our wishes carried out. 
•jt .« j« 

" Only melted gold is minted ; only moistened clay 
is molded; only softened wax receives the die; only 
broken and contrite hearts can take and keep the im- 
press of heaven. If that is thy condition, wait beneath 
th° pressure of the Holy Spirit. He shall leave the 
image of Jesus upon thee." 



62 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 




The Home World 



FOODS FOR THE SICK 



LENNA F. COOPER 



That the diet of an invalid is oftentimes of more 
importance than medicine or treatment, is recognized 
by all physicians and nurses. Many a typhoid patient 
has lost his life not because of the neglect of the physi- 
cian or the nurse, but through the carelessness of the 
cook. 

A family in which t)"phoid fever was running once 
came under the writer's notice. Two stalwart young 
men were literally killed by their mother, one having 
been given fresh apples and the other cornmeal gruel 
from which the cornmeal had not been strained. As 
the result both young men were dead in three or 
four hours after having partaken of these viands. 
This illustrates the importance of careful prepara- 
tion of foods for the sick. 

Sickness usually resolves itself into one of two 
forms, acute or chronic. Acute illnesses are of com- 
paratively short duration, and are characterized by a 
I ise of temperature usually known as fever. This con- 
dition is brought about by poisons in the body of which 
nature is trying to rid itself by burning them up, thus 
producing the increased bodily temperature. At such 
a time the digestive organs, as well as the other fiuic- 
tions of the body are somewhat disturbed, hence it is 
apparent that the digestive organs should not be given 
any more work to do than absolutely necessary ; also 
that the food should be given in very small quantities 
since it is from our food that heat is derived. 

The one thing needful is water in copious amounts. 
Water acts as a solvent and therefore helps to dissolve 
and to wash away some of the poisons that have 
accumulated in the body. Hence water and beverages 
should be given freely, indeed, only liquid foods should 
be given. The liquid foods are in a fine state of division, 
and thus are more easily digested. Fruit juices, pref- 
erably unsweetened, are one of the best things to 
give a person suffering from high temperature, since 
almost the only food principle found in the fruit 
juices is sugar, and that in a form all ready for as- 



similation, hence the fruit juices require no diges- 
tion and are especially appetizing, which is a very im- 
portant feature in the invalid's diet. 

It is now a well-known fact that the appetite calls 
forth the digestive fluids which are necessary for the 
digestion of foods. Foods taken into the stomach 
when there is no desire for food remains in the stom- 
ach a much longer time than when there is an appetite 
for the article. The appetite may be appealed to 
through the three senses of sight, smell, and 
taste, hence it is important that all foods served to an 
invalid should be especially attractive in appearance, 
toothsome to the taste, and, if possible, give oS a 
pleasant aroma. For this reason all hot food should 
be served very hot, since soups, broths, etc., give off 
an aroma when hot, thus appealing to the appetite 
through the sense of smell. 

Food should never be served in large amounts to 
sick people. Small quantities may be served much 
more daintily, and in this way they appeal to the ap- 
petite through the sense of sight. No pains should 
be spared to make the tray and the foods of the sick 
one dainty. The best linen and china the house af- 
fords are none too good for the invalid. 

Aside from being palatable and appetizing, the 
foods must be thoroughly cooked. It is especially im- 
portant that all starchy foods should be well cooked. 
Gruels should be made from cereals which have been 
cooked several hours if made from the whole grain, 
rice being an exception. Rice cooks much more 
quickly than most cereals. All gruels should be 
strained before serving, allowing no coarse particles 
to be served. Thirty minutes is usually sufficient for 
cooking rice for gruel. What is still better than gruels 
made from cereals, as ordinarily cooked, is a gruel 
made from the so-called dextrinized cereals which 
have been thoroughly cooked in the manufacturing 
process, such as " Toasted Corn Flakes " and other 
cooked flake products on the market; since the cook- 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



63 



ing of the starch is a step in the digestion of the 
article, it is important that the cooking should be 
very thorough. There are five steps in the digestion 
of the starch, and it is possible to accomplish three of 
these by cooking, providing the cooking is done at a 
very high temperature. This is accomplished in the 
baking of starchy foods which have lost most of their 
moisture. Bread may be dextrinized by placing slices 
of stale bread in a moderate oven, first drying it out 
by slow cooking and then increasing the temperature 
until the bread becomes a golden yellow througliout. 
Toast thus prepared is more easily digested than fresh 
toast which is only slightly toasted on the outside. 

While it is very important that only appetizing 
foods should be given the patient, it is also important 
that their food should not contain substances whicli 
would only add fuel to the fire. Many are in the 
habit of feeding the invalid meat, broth, beef tea, etc. 
While these may be somewhat of an appetizer to some 
people, they also contain waste products of the animal 
organism from which the broth was made which are 
indentical with those which the body is trying to burn 
up. Hence if these things are given at all, they should 
only be given occasionally as a mere appetizer, but 
should not be counted upon as a food. They contain 
practically no food value. Very delicious broths may 
be made from the various vegetables and legumes. 

When the patient begins to convalesce the diet 
should be as carefully guarded as during the acute 
illness. There is more danger from over eating dur- 
ing this period than during the previous stage. The 
body is in a greatly reduced state due to the self- 
consummation during the fever. The loss of bodily 
tissue must be supplied through the foods, but it must 
also be supplied in very small quantities for the organs 
of digestion and assimilation are in a very weakened 
condition. Hence the body can only take care of 
very small quantities at a titne. Such patients are 
usually fed every three hours — not oftener than two 
and a half hours. Eggnogs, soft-cooked eggs, 
thoroughly-toasted bread, boiled rice, and other simi- 
lar foods may be added to the dietary of the convales- 
cent as the case may indicate. 

The chronic illnesses are usually ■ designated as 
some special disease; such as, diabetes, Bright's dis- 
ease, tuberculosis, etc. The attending physician 
should carefully outline the diet for such cases. 
Orange Juice. 

Extract the juice of an orange the same way as 
that of a lemon, preferably using the lemon drill. 
Strain before serving. 

Rice Water. 

3 tbsp. rice. 1 qt, boiling water. 

'/2 tsp. salt. 

Wash the grain by holding under a hot water faucet 
for a moment or so, then rinse in several cold waters, 
boil thirty minutes and then strain. 



Barley water may be made in the same way ex- 
cept that two tbsp. of barley are used and the cook- 
ing must be much longer. 

Corn Flake Gruel. 

1 cup toasted corn flakes. 2 cups water. 

14 tsp. salt. 
Heat the water to boiling, add the salt and corn 
flakes to the'water. Cook until smooth and strain. 
Corn Meal Gruel. 

2 tbsp. corn meal. 14 cup boiling water. 

Yi cup cold water. y^ tsp. salt. 

Moisten the corn meal and salt with the cold water 
and add to the boiling water, stirring meanwhile. 
Cook until well thickened over the flame, stirring to 
keep it perfectly smooth, then set in a double boiler 
and cook for 4 hours. Strain before serving. 

Baked Potato Soup. 

1 medium-sized baked potato. Yz cup hot water. 

^4 cup cream. J4 tsp. salt. 

Put the baked potato through the colander and add 
the hot water slowly. Next add the cream and salt, 
and heat. Serve. This soup may be made without 
cream by substituting water and adding l-J/^ tsp. but- 
ter, also a little celery salt for seasoning. 

Bran Broth. 

1 cup white beans. 1 qt. cold water. 

Put the beans to cook in the cold water and let 
simmer until but one cup of the liquid remains. Drain 
this from the beans, season with salt, celery salt, and 
butter, or if desired with cream. 

Foamy Eggnog. 

1 egg. 2 tsp. sugar. 

1 tbsp. lemon juice. 2 tbsp. cream. 

Beat the tgg yolk until light, add Yz of the sugar 
and lemon juice, also the cream. Beat the t^^ white 
until stiff and add the remaining half of the sugar. 
Fold the white into the egg yolk mixture leaving a 
small portion for the top. 

Soft Cooked or Jellied Egg. 
1 egg. 1'/^ pts. boiling water. 

Have a porcelain pitcher hot, place the ^g% therein, 
and pour over it the boiling water. Cover and let 
stand on the back of range 5 to 10 minutes. Serve 
in a hot tgg cup. 

MAKING RUGS IN WINTER. 

One woman last winter made the beautiful rugs 
that adorned her porch in the summer. They were all 
made of woolen goods cut from old dresses and since 
the goods was all light, with delicate shades mingled 
throughout the material, the rugs were unusually at- 
tractive. Burlap was tightly stretched in a wooden 
frame and the material, which was cut in convenient 
strips, was drawn through the burlap with an iron 
crochet hook made by the blacksmith. In having the 
needle made for this purpose, explain to the black- 
smith that it should be sliort and half-covered with a 



64 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



wooden handle. This is more convenient than the ordi- 
nary all-iron hook. To get the general scheme of a 
rug, one can put the burlap upon the floor and mark 
off tlie 'design with colored spermaceti crayons (ten 
cents a box). This gives the outline and one can pro- 
vide a pretty border for each rug. Woolen rugs are 
prettiest, especially when clipped. Very light material 
can be used, however. One will be delighted with an 
all-brown rug, witli a slightly mottled border of dark 
red. These are colors often found among old gar- 
ments and a rug of the two colors can be 
made almost as beautiful as some of the pur- 
chased ones. There are rugs made entirely of 
fringed burlap. The burlap is first dyed and 
cut into convenient strips, usually about four inches 
wide. Each side is fringed and the strip is sewn 
through the center to a second piece of burlap, thus 
furnishing the rug foundation. The next strip is 
placed close to it. If dyed a deep green it makes a 
mossy-looking rug which is very ornamental. Despite 
the fringe effect over the entire surface, such rugs are 
durable and can be beaten and cleaned the same as 
any rug. — The Woman's National Daily. 

./S ,«t ,!>{ 

THE BATTLEFIELD. 
.\ mother's heart is a battlefield, 

A mother's heart is a nest 
Where love leans down with snowy shield 

And lips that sing to rest. 
A mother's heart is the plain where meet 

Through all her days of life 
The legions of the childhood feet. 

The glittering ghosts of strife. 

A mother's heart is a field of war 

Where none may know, may see, 
The wounds that bleed, the guns that roar. 

The anguished hours that be. 
A mother's heart is battle's home, 

But, oh, so few have knelt 
With her where shadows fill the gloam, 

Have felt what she has felt! 

A mother's heart is warfare's realm. 

In it, unseen of time. 
Rage the grim wars that overwhelm 

But for her faith sublime. 
A mother's heart is where she hides 

So much she never tells. 
So much that in her soul abides 

And conquering lovehood quells. 

A mother's heart — oh, sacred place, 

Oh, templed fane, how fair 
To kneel beside its shrine of grace. 

To kneel and worship there. 
A mother's heart is calm retreat. 

Is rest and love and song. 
And round it, oh, how tender-sweet 

The shades of memory throng! 

A mother's heart has seen so much, 
Has felt and borne and known 

The rugged blow, the tender touch. 
Within its wandering zone; 



Has borne so much for those that lean 

Upon its help and trust. 
Has done so much to keep them clean. 

To lift them from the dust! 

-A. mother's heart is a battlefield 

Where sacred strife has been. 
Where spear on spear and shield on shield 

Hath raged the battle's din! 
O holy shrine, inviolate spot. 

Where love and memory come 
When all the rest of life's forgot. 
When all the rest is dumb! 

— Baltimore Sun. 
._< ^ dt 
HOW HE TABULATED HER RELIGION. 
A NOTED evangelist was holding a series of meet- 
ings with the Grand Avenue church, and one even- 
ing when the topic had been the new birth, I\Irs. 
Fessenden said to her husband as they walked briskly 
down the lighted street in the bracing air of the 
frosty night : " I wish you had decided for Christ to- 
night, dear ; I thought you would, the speaker made 
it so plain and so many responded to the invitation." 
" Would my rising to my feet there have made any 
difference with me in any way ? " 

" It would have put you and your influence decid'ed- 
ly on the side of right." 

" But is not my influence already on the right side ? " 
he interrupted. " What do I do that you do not do? 
You are a professing Christian and I am not." 

" You remember the illustration that he gave," she 
interrupted now. " The moralist and the Christian 
are on the same street, but one is headed toward the 
kingdom of God and the Other in an opposite direc- 
tion." 

" Yes, but I am not able to see why you and I are 
not headed the same way. I will try to state the 
matter more clearly to you later. Here we are now 
at home." 

Presently, as they sait before the library grate with 
a bit of hot supper on the round table between them, 
he recurred to the matter as she poured the chocolate 
and laughed a little as she began reading the some- 
what lengthy statement that he submitted for her in- 
spection. 

" How fearfully business-like it looks," she said. 
" I do not use tobacco in any way. You do not. 
" I do not use profane language. Neither do you. 
" I am a teetotaler. So are you. 
" I go to the theater. You go to the theater. 
" I play cards. You play cards. 
" I attend church irregularly. You do the same. 
" I pay something for religious purposes. So do 
you. 

" I dance. You dance. 

" I associate with unbelievers. You do the same. 
" I read trashy novels. You read trashv novels. 
" I do not attend devotional meetings. You do 
not. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



65 



" I do not read the Bible. Do you read the Bible? 

" I do not pray. Do you pray? 

" Now what does your church membership add 
to your manner of living? Why are our ways dif- 
ferent ? " 

The young woman began reading the list with a 
laugh, but ended in tears. 

" O my dear ! " he cried. " I had no intention of 
paining you ! I am sorry." 

■' I am not sorry. I thank you. You make me see 
how far wrong I have gone in my endeavor to show 
you that religion need not make one stupid and 
poky. It is not strange that you hesitate to take your 
stand as a Christian, when you see how inconsistent 
I am to my profession of having been born to new- 
ness of life." 

Again their lives flowed onward side by side. She 
was not less bright, sweet or companionable, but when 
the card clubs and the dancing clubs organized she 
did not join. She did join the mission workers' 
band, and was faithful in attendance. She no longer 
went to the theater, and every time she declined 
her husband put the expense for both, saved, into her 
mission box. She no longer read her Bible in secret. 
She took up work in the Sunday school. Her time 
was not more taken than before, but she was different- 
ly employed. 

Soon the gay, thoughtless people with whom she 
had associated were no longer in sympathy. " What 
has become of Mrs. Fessenden?" was asked, and 
the reply came scornfully, " Oh, she's running her 
church now! Can't imagine what has come over her. 
She has always been a church member, but slie was 
real decent about it. Did everything the rest of us 
did, and she didn't preach. She is really a bright, 
sweet woman, but now she has always some church 
engagement to attend to when we need her to make 
up our parties, and she does not hesitate to say, ' I 
have too long been regardless of the admonition, " Seek 
first the kingdom of God." ' " 

"And her husband?" 

" Oh, he is loyal to her ! He is a real lover. He 
goes wherever she goes ; but the poor man must be 
having a dull time of it." 

Mr. Fessenden meantime did not consider himself 
an object for commiseration. If his wife's new de- 
parture was an experiment he found it an interesting 
one. He found his new environment more refined, 
more intellectual, more congenial than the old. for 
earnestness took the place of frivolity, and he found 
himself awakening to a knowledge of a spiritual life. 

When at length he made his decision he said : " I 
have at last through the influence of my wife found 
that the true meaning and purpose of life is to follow 
Christ and to do the work in the world that he left 
for his followers." And the happy wife often says : 



" How near I came to making a fatal mistake. I 
tell my experiences that it may be a warning and 
a lesson for others. Do not sink to the level of the 
world. Bring the world up to a knowledge of Christ." 
— Oklahoma Baptist Journal. 

(,5* t^* (i?* 

FUNGUS PINCUSHIONS. 

JOHN S. FERNALD. 

The crescent-shaped fungi that grow around the 
base of the elm trees near the roots, have for some 
time been used ornamentally as groundwork for 
landscape and other paintings. They may also be 
used in a practical way as pincushions. When 
thoroughly dry they are excellent for this purpose, 
being soft enough to stick pin or needles into easily, 
yet firm enough to hold them securely. The fungus 
does not break away with use, but the holes close up 
after the pins are withdrawn. Needles do not rust 
in a fungus cushion, nor can they work inside and 
become lost as in the common kind. Hung on a wall 
by a bright-colored ribbon, these cushions are both 
useful and ornamental. 

^* (i5* (^w 

FILLERS FOR THE LUNCH BASKET. 

It is hard to keep up a constant supply of cookies 
for the children's lunch boxes and yet have a variety. 
The following are good and perhaps new to many of 
our cooky makers : 

Chocolate Wafers. — Grate a cup of chocolate and 
set the cup into hot, not boiling, water to melt. Mi.x 
together one cup of brown sugar, one cup of white 
sugar (granulated or powdered) and one cup of butter. 
When creamy, add one beaten egg and then the melted 
chocolate, stirring briskly. Finally add two cups of 
flour and one teaspoon of vanilla, mix- lightly, roll 
thin and bake in a quick oven. 

Fntit Cookies. — Seed and chop finely one cup of 
raisins. Flour these and set them aside. Beat to- 
gether one and one-half cups of brown sugar and 
one cup of shortening, butter and lard mixed. When 
creamy, add one beaten egg, four tablespoons of sweet 
milk, one teaspoon of baking soda and enough flour 
to make a stifY batter. Add here your floured raisins 
with nutmeg (grated), cinnamon and ground cloves 
to taste. Add enough more flour to make a stiff 
dough, roll rather thin and bake in a quick oven. 

Lciuon Cookies. — Cream thoroughly half a pound 
of butter and half a pound of granulated sugar. Add 
two eggs beaten light, three-fourths of a pound of 
flour, the grated rind of one small lemon and the 
juice of two. Roll out thin and cut into disks or 
circles, sprinkle thickly with coarse powdered sugar, 
and bake in a quick oven. These should be pale- 
yellow, not brown. — Selected. 



66 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 




Hour 



THE BIBLE CLASS IN HEAVEN 

IR.\ P. DEAN. 

I took my blessed Bible, for I love to sit and read 
And hunt the sacred Scriptures, which every day I need. 
I opened to a passage, which I couldn't understand, 
So I sought and prayed for guidance from my heavenly 

Father's hand. 
I sat and deeply studied; I read it o'er and o'er, 
Till it seemed that I was standing at heaven's very door. 
Again I prayed to Father that the help I need be given, 
And the answer came that instant, from the Bible Class 

in Heaven. 

I know my blessed Father has somewhere in his Book 
Recorded some sweet promise, for which he knew I'd 

look. 
Then when my heart is heavy with the dust of daily care, 
. I open up my Bible and find the blessing there. 
And when I sit and ponder and study o'er it all. 
The blessings seem reserved for me, I get them when 

I call. 
And when my life grows darkened and my soul seems 

thunder-riven 
There comes another promise from the Bible Class in 

Heaven. 

The Devil often tempts me; he's my soul's eternal foe; 
But my blessed Savior holds me and he'll never let me go. 
One time I disbelieved the things I couldn't understand. 
But now I get my knowledge from the Wondrous Glory 

Land. 
And so I am so happy that all day long I sing, 
And when I read the Blessed Book I never doubt a thing. 
I've learned to keep my little heart unmixed with worldly 

leaven. 
And I get my daily lessons from the Bible Class in 

Heaven. 

V?* ^,3% t^^ 

WHAT IS CHRIST TO ME? 

RICHARD BRAUNSTEIN. 

Not long ago we joined in the celebration of the 
birth of Jesus, and verj' properly it was an occasion 
of great rejoicing. We were reminded of the fact 
that, among other names, he was recognized under 
the title of Immanuel, God with us. There are few 
who realize the significance of these few and simple 
words. 

Let us repeat in our own hearts a sentence like 
this: " He who died for me and thus bore the judg- 



ment and punishment of my sins was truly the Master 
of Life — God." His existence did not commence at 
Bethlehem. In the most simple and beautiful 
language he declared that he was with the Father 
from the foundation of the world. Though he took 
upon himself a lowly form, he was worthy to receive 
the worsliip of the angels (Luke 2 : 13, 14 ; Heb. 1:6). 
Yet he was also truly Man, and this point of my ar- 
gument I am about to prove. He, like us, grew up 
from infancy to manhood, passing through every 
pang and bitter experience, but without sin. Weigh 
this carefully; for such facts as are here presented do 
not take hold of us, unless we give them thought. 

We can then comprehend how this meets our need. 
If he were God alone you might hesitate to trust 
him. It was man who had sinned, therefore it was 
by man the punishment of sin must be borne. For 
this reason God became man in order to save us. It 
is a beautiful story. Stranger than fiction, but it is 
the " terrible truth," that bears witness of its terrible 
meaning and strength and purpose of existence; its 
moral and awful dread with which we must hold it. 
Truly, " Truth is stranger than fiction." The dream 
of Jacob and his ladder which he beheld therein is 
another example of the wonders of God. Jesus is the 
antitype of that wondrous ladder- — the foot of it rests 
on earth, comes down to your level, and the top of it 
reaches into heaven. God and man are connected in 
Jesus. He is the Daysman whom Job desired, and 
who can lay his hand upon God and man (Job 9: 35). 

Concerning the incarnation of Jesus, let us remem- 
ber three important things, namely : 

First : It does not alone save us. The incarnation, 
without the death and the resurrection, would leave 
us still dead in sin. The New Testament never 
speaks of men saved because God became man, but 
always because he who was God and man died for 
our sins and rose again (John 12 : 24 ; 1 Cor. 15:3,4). 
The body that was prepared for him was in order to 
his one perfect oflFering (Heb. 10: 5, 10), by which 
judgment passed upon sin. 

Secondly: Remember that Jesus is a manifestation 
of God. He reveals God not onlv in a few but in all 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



67 



pliases of his life. Not only when he performed 
wondrous miracles, but also when he suffered ; he 
sighed and wept and groaned and the pangs of his 
crucifixion poured forth the bloody sweat. Jesus 
reveals not only God's power, but his tenderness, 
his sympathy, liis love. How different God is from 
what we have imagined ! Satan slandered God at 
first by representing him as hard (Gen. 3: 3) and 
he still is laboring in a, let us hope, vain endeavor, to 
make us think unkindly of him, as is in evidence when 
we realize the iniquities of the world. To be ac- 
quainted with God truly, study the life of Jesus, — • 
engage in prayer and read your Bible, for through the 
first you speak to God, through the latter God speaks 
to you. God also speaks to us in human tones and ex- 
presses himself in human feelings and emotions in 
his Son. Does not such a revelation deepen our 
adoration of him, and quicken our affection for him? 
Worship and love him who is " God manifest in the 
flesh." 

Thirdly: Remember also that Jesus is still a man. 
Though he is on the throne, he retains his manhood. 
It is an important fact to observe that a man is now 
in heaven as our High Priest. When he hears of 
your temptations, he knows what they mean, for he 
" was in all points tempted like as we are yet without 
sin." (Heb. 5: 15). You can never be in circum- 
stances of difficulty which he cannot understand. 
Make full use of him. Count as confidently upon his 
sympathy as a child counts upon the sympathy of 
its maternal relation. 

Remember that in him human tenderness is com- 
bined with divine power. 

*?* (i5S (j5w 

OBEDIENCE THE SECRET OF HIGHER 
KNOWLEDGE. 

The apostle John says, " Hereby we do know that 
we know him, if we keep his commandments. He 
that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so 
to walk even as he walked " ( 1 John 2: 3, 6). There 
is no real knowledge of God, no communion with him, 
without a straightforward, unconditional obedience to 
his will. Jolm is here condemning that Gnostic teach- 
ing which made godliness to consist in mere intellec- 
tual enlightenment, culture and refinement. This false 
idea has prevailed through the entire Christian age. 
Separated from the true holiness of a regenerated 
life, John says, no enlightenment counts with God. 
In his teaching the apostle insists, no less than Aris- 
totle, that in morals, knowledge without practice is 
absolutely worthless. Mere knowledge will not do; 
nor will knowledge touched by sentiment do. It is 
possible to know and admire, and in a sort of way 
love, and yet act as if we had not known. But John 
gives no encouragement to devotion without the Christ 
life. " If we say that we have fellowship with him, 
and walk in darkness, we lie and do not the truth " 



(1 John 1:6). There is only one way of proving 
to ourselves and otliers that we know God, and that 
is by loving obedience to his will. 

Nothing can be more important to the understand- 
ing of the truth as contained in the Word of God 
than to practice it. " If any man will do his will, 
he shall know of the doctrine" (John 7: 17). Obe- 
dience to the will of God is the great origin of true 
knowledge. Doing the will of God is the one condi- 
tion of light. Disobedience not only brings darkness, 
but is darkness. We must practice what we preach, 
otherwise our vision must be dimmed, and, if the 
blind lead the blind (and every one is a leader to 
some one), only the ditch is before both. To be 
doers of the will of God as well as learners is the 
great secret of teaching God's truth to others. Then 
it is that we " shall be like a tree planted by the 
rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his 
season ; his leaf also shall not wither ; and whatso- 
ever he doeth shall prosper." 

The higher the products of unregenerate man's 
mind are exalted, and the more they are held in 
veneration, the more effectually do they serve to op- 
pose the knowledge of God. Therefore, the most im- 
portant phase of our Christian warfare is spoken of as 
" casting down imaginations, and every high thing 
that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, 
and bringing into captivity every thought to the 
obedience of Christ" (2 Cor. 10: 5). — Christian 
Monitor. 

«,?• *^* t^w 

THE DIVINE PARTNER. 

The late John McDonald, the merchant prince of 
Toronto, gave large sums of money to the Lord's 
cause. On one occasion a firm in England with which 
he had large dealings sent experts to Toronto to ex- 
amine his books to see how he stood financially. On 
opening those books they saw his business accounts 
on one side and the Lord's accounts on the other, and 
they closed the books without further examination, 
feeling satisfied that a man who would deal honestly 
with his Creator would deal honestly with his fellow- 
man. One year Mr. McDonald saw a decrease in his 
business and said to one of his friends, possibly the 
reason was because he was not giving enough to 
God's cause. He said: "I will give an extra ten 
thousand dollars this year." This was the red letter 
year in his business history ! — Exchange. 

^$5 (5* t3^ 

The cross is the great center of God's moral uni- 
verse ! To this center God ever pointed, and the eye 
of faith ever looked forward, until the Savior came. 
And now we must ever turn to that cross as the 
center of all our blessing, and the basis of all our wor- 
ship, both on earth and in heaven — in time and 
throughout all eternity. — D. L. Moody. 



68 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



Echoes from Everywhere 




The Government is in need of more American teachers 
in the Philippines and is asking the colleges and uni- 
versities to send them. 



In Chicago, where an uphill fight to uncover primary 
election frauds is being waged, there is no name of a 
brewer, distiller or saloonkeeper found on the list of 
those trying to protect the sacredness of the ballot. 



The Chicago board of education will soon begin on 
a new special mental and physical training institution 
to be built upon a 240-acre tract in Riverside. It is in- 
tended- to segregate children weak in body and mind. 
Gymnasium features will be the most prominent. 



According to the Topeka " Capital " of October 2, the 
deposits of the State banks of Prohibition Kansas, after 
ten months of an unusual panic year, were eighty-three 
million dollars greater than ever before in the State's 
history and increasing at the rate of one hundred thousand 
dollars per day. 

Chicago public school officials are rejoicing over the 
blow aimed at fraternities by State Senator Herman 
H. Breidt. The bill introduced by him at Springfield, 
which makes it unlawful for a public school pupil to 
join a secret organization, they say serves to strengthen 
their position against secret organizations. 



Mrs. Russell Sage, of New York, has given $25,000 
toward the establishment of a college for colored youths 
in Kentucky, to be a branch of Berea College. This 
brings the fund up to $450,000 from outside sources, 
leaving $50,000 to be raised in Kentucky. The college 
will be modeled after the Tuskegee Institute. 



A recent edict by the late emperor of China, in which 
Christians and non-Christians are placed on nearly the 
same footing, indicates a great change in the attitude 
of the Chinese government towards Christianity. Par- 
tiality on the part of officials in carrying out the laws is 
to be put down, and representatives from all Western 
nations are to be justly treated. 



High school students in Iowa must decide between 
their " frats " and their studies if a bill proposed by the 
State educational commission is passed by the legisla- 
ture. The commission plans to deal a death blow to 
all high school secret organizations by closing the schools 
to students who belong to secret societies. "Rushing" 
for frats will be an even more serious offense than be- 
longing to them under the proposed law. The bill pro- 
vides that any person who enters any high school build- 
ing or grounds for the purpose of soliciting members 
for any secret society connected with the school shall 
be guilty of misdemeanor. 



Estimates of the total loss of life from the recent 

earthquake in Italy place the number at 164,850. This 

estimation is necessarily incomplete in view of the wide 

region affected and the severity of the disaster. It does 
not include the deaths in hospitals. Four of the United 

States battle ships arrived at Naples Jan. 10 and will 
aid in the rescue and relief work. 



The wanton slaughter of- robins has aroused South 
Carolina to such an extent that the State is to have a 
new game law. A few years ago a modernized game 
law was passed in Missouri, but the pot hunters and 
illicit dealers raised such a roar that the game warden 
was deprived, by a new law, of the power to do anything. 
— Globe-Democrat. 



A long step toward bringing the United States and 
Germany into closer relations was taken Jan. 1, when 
the two-cent postage rate between the United States 
and Germany became operative. The new rate of two 
cents an ounce applies to correspondence sent direct 
by sea, between the two countries, and not to that which 
is sent through an intermediary. 



The expulsion of the Jews from Finland continues 
to go forward, the decrees of expulsion being directed 
against the poorer class of Hebrews. Scores of fam- 
ilies in the last few weeks have been compelled to aban- 
don their homes and flee from the country amid the 
arctic cold. Only a few days' preparations are allowed. 
No reason for the anti-Jewish crusade has been assigned 
except a blind hostility to Jews as such. 



Abyssinia, upon the boundary of which Swedish mis- 
sionaries have been camped for many years, has at last 
opened the door of entrance to Protestant mission work. 
The present king, who has read the printed Gospels 
distributed by the missionaries and declared them " good," 
is in favor of his people reading them, too. He has 
also issued an order that all children above seven years 
old shall go to school, promising to pay the salaries 
of any competent teachers the missionaries supply. 



The principle of the spinning top has long been talked 
of as an effective means of preventing ships from roll- 
ing, the idea being to place in the vessel's hold a great, 
rapidly revolving flywheel, the tendency of which to 
keep its equilibrum would prevent the waves from pitch- 
ing the ship. Recently a gyroscope of this description 
was fitted in a German vessel, and was tried on one of 
its regular ocean trips. While the steamer was rolling 
Id'/i degrees on each side through a total angle of 33 
degrees, the gyroscope was placed in operation, and the 
total angle of roll was decreased at once to 3 degrees. 
As the apparatus is driven by electricity, it requires lit- 
tle attention. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



69 



The first aeroplane port, which will be for airships 
what Cherbourg and Liverpool are for ocean liners, was 
opened at Juvisy-sur-Orge, not far from Paris, on Jan. 
10. This landing place, which has been constructed by 
the Society for the Encouragement of Aerial Navigation 
only with the greatest difficulty, is about one mile square. 
It was necessary to clear the place of all trees and rocks 
before building the special tribunes for the judges. Guil- 
laume Tronchet, the government architect, has been en- 
gaged to make the transformation. He has arranged 
the port in the form of a circle, and there is plenty of 
room for aviators to fly about without danger of being 
unable to alight. Already owners of aeroplanes are trans- 
porting their machines to the port. 



It is reported that there will be an immediate new 
trial of the case against the Standard Oil Company of 
Indiana, in which the United States Supreme Court ef- 
fectually knocked out the record-breaking $29,240,000 fine 
imposed by Judge Landis. The case will be redocketed 
before Judge Landis, but probably will be turned over, 
according to a custom among federal judges, to some 
other judge within the same district. Judge A. B. An- 
derson, of Indianapolis, has been asked to hear the case, 
but has not yet replied to the request. While District 
Attorney Sims maintains that there still is opportunity 
of conviction and the assessment of a fine as high as 
$10,000,000, under the ruling of the Circuit Court of Ap- 
peals, other federal officials and attorneys take a differ- 
ent view and declare that the only remedy is the en- 
actment of a new law by Congress, under which the 
questions at issue can be definitely settled. 



Yuan Shi Kai, the recently deposed Chinese states- 
man, it will be recalled, rendered very great services to 
every Christian nation during the Boxer uprising when, 
by secret means, he brought about communication be- 
tween foreign governments and their representatives 
who were besieged in the compound at Pekin. It was 
information that came from him which encouraged the 
European powers to join themselves with America and 
make that remarkable march of allied powers upon the 
Chinese capital which resulted in the liberation of the 
foreign legations. This man has been called the strong- 
est man in China and he had far more influence than 
the famous Li Hung Chang. Thoroughly practical in 
all that he did, he adopted as his motto " China is ca- 
pable of accomplishing just as much as Japan," and he 
worked his countrymen up to such a point of national 
patriotism that today his influence is doing much to ef- 
face the Middle Age superstition and rebuild the empire. 
Yuan Shi Kai organised a Chinese army which excited 
the wonder of the military men of the world who knew 
the conditions under which he worked; he obliterated 
all caste objections to military service, so that today 
sons of the nobility take a pride in wearing the army 
uniform. Under his regime modern textbooks have taken 
the place in the schools of the ancient classics; he brought 
about the abolition of torture, turned Pekin from one of 
the filthiest places in the world into a well-paved, cleanly 
metropolis. Altogether he is the most progressive man in 
the empire, and the Manchus have acted hastily in trump- 
ing up an excuse for dismissing him. 



An amendment to the legislative, executive and judicial 
appropriation bill increasing the salary of the President 
to $100,000 and the salaries of the Vice President and 
speaker of the House of Representatives to $20,000 was 
reported favorably to the Senate by Mr. Clark of Wyom- 
ing from the committee on the judiciary. The amend- 
ment was then referred to the committee on appropria- 
tions. 



The board of education of St. Louis, Missouri, has de- 
cided to pay the car fares of children who live more 
than one mile from a public school. It is estimated that 
the cost of such transportation will amount to from 
$2,300 to $3,000 per year, but will result in a consider- 
able saving through the discontinuance of small schools 
by consolidation with larger and better graded schools. 
Three buildings have been closed already at a gross 
saving of over $3,000 annually. The fares of the children 
so transferred will amount to $1,700, furnishing a net 
saving of $1,300. 



The Knights of Zion, now recognized as an independent 
western federation in the Zionist movement, closed a 
two days' convention in Chicago last week. The con- 
vention determined to send four delegates to the inter- 
national congress of Zionists to be held in Hamburg next 
August, the delegates to be chosen later. Resolutions 
were adopted, in view of the programme of the Zionist 
movement, to encourage the acquirement of land in Pal- 
estine by Jews, urging the organization of groups who 
will seek to purchase Palestine property. Several asso- 
ciations of this kind already have been formed, one in 
Des Moines, Iowa, which is already negotiating for the 
purchase of 600 acres in the Holy Land. 



Andrew Carnegie, in an interview given to the Inter- 
national Trade Bulletin, declares the time is coming when 
the greater part of the raw materials now forming the 
bulk of the exports of this country will instead be used 
here and their place in export trade be taken by man- 
ufactured articles. He adds that American manufacturers 
have been so busy supplying domestic needs that they 
have not been able to give the proper attention to export 
trade. That they can reach the markets of the world 
and compete in them with all other great industrial and 
commercial nations is his firm conviction, and he ad- 
vises them to look seriously in the direction of foreign 
business. 



In his biennial report to the 'governor of Kansas, At- 
torney General Fred S. Jackson recommends three im- 
portant changes in the laws governing trusts in that 
State. One change provides a penalty be fixed for each 
day a concern continues to do business in the State 
after it is proved to be a trust. A second provision is 
that the corporations with headquarters in other States, 
but doing business in Kansas, must produce their officers 
on demand of the attorney general. The third is that 
the courts be given authority to determine whether a 
corporation has a monopoly on a certain line of prod- 
ucts, and when it is so determined a public utilities com- 
mission be empowered to fix prices for the output in that 
State. 



70 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



Among the Magazines 




THE POSTAL DEFICIT. 

Although Postmaster-General Meyer's report for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1908, records the heaviest 
deficit in the history of the Postoffice Department, the 
press show a tendency to dwell upon the department's 
increased efficiency rather than upon the growing gap 
between its income and its expenditure. Last year the 
deficit was $7,000,000. This year it is $16,873,222. 
" Eventually," says the Baltimore American, " there is 
reason to hope that the postal business may be brought 
to a self-sustaining basis." In spite of the deficit the 
Boston Herald finds the showing of the department en- 
couraging. The Chicago Daily Socialist, surmising that 
the deficit " will form a text on which to preach sermons 
on the ' failure of Socialism,' " devotes space to an in- 
teresting discussion of the situation. No modern gov- 
ernment, it says, looks upon the postoffice as a source 
of revenue, or a purely business affair. In Great Britain 
the postal deficit is usually in the neighborhood of $75,- 
000,000. To quote further: 

" The postoffice, like most other governmental de- 
partments today, is conducted with other than business 
objects. No one expects a profit from the Army or 
Navy, or from the agricultural or census departments, yet 
who shall say that the service performed by the post- 
office is less essential than that performed by the de- 
partments mentioned? 

" The more this deficit is examined, however, the more 
it seems to be due, not to governmental mismanage- 
ment, but to interference for profit by private interests. 

" The railroads all look upon the postoffice as a fat 
cow to be milked, and it has many times been pointed 
out that the railroads are paid the full cost of every mail- 
car used each year in its service, and that if the Gov- 
ernment were given the same sort of a contract as the 
express companies enjoy, the entire 'deficit' would dis- 
appear. . . . 

" The existence of the express companies debars the 
postoffice from that portion of the carrying trade which 
is found most profitable in other countries— the parcels 
post. It is today much cheaper to send a package from 
Germany to San Francisco than from Chicago to Evan- 
ston, because this country has a treaty with Germany 
which compels it to perform services for the citizens 
of Berlin which express companies will not permit it to 
perform for residents beneath the Stars and Stripes. . . . 

" In short, wherever private industry touches the post- 
office you will find a leak from which there flows a golden 
stream into private coffers. Close up those leaks and 
the 'deficit' will change into a surplus that would make 
possible a far greater extension of the services of the 
postal department." — Literary Digest. 

f^t ^^ ^^^ 

REVISING THE TARIFF. 

Every woman who has bought a new stovelid in the 
last twelve years, every farmer who has bought a plow, 
every boy who has bought a pocket-knife, has made an 



unnecessary and forced contribution, by order of Con- 
gress, to the Steel Trust, and likewise to every other 
industrial trust in the United States, for I use steel only 
by way of illustration and because some of its best men 
agree with me. 

The total wage cost to the Steel Corporation for min- 
ing, transportation, and conversion into rolling-mill pro- 
ducts is 25 per cent of the selling price; the tariff is from 
17 to 65 and 80 per cent of total costs. We may in a large 
measure attribute the foundation of a locomotive trust 
to the Dingley law, which gave locomotive builders 45 
per cent tarifif, although locomotives are shipped abroad 
freely and none can be imported. There are few builders, 
and they could not be expected to continue as inde- 
pendent and competing manufacturers with the invita- 
tion of Congress to combine and add what they wished 
of 45 per cent duty to their selling prices. Likewise the 
Linseed Oil Trust, formerly competitive, with only 3 
per cent total wages in cost of refining and a 50 per cent 
tariff. The importations being practically prohibited, 
they graciously accepted the invitation of Congress and 
added 30 to 50 per cent to their selling prices. 

Glucose, made of corn, and of course more cheaply 
here than elsewhere, bears a tariff of SS per cent, the 
total wage 7 per cent, domestic production to the value 
of $24,566,932, and the ability to do without protection 
manifested by exportations to the extent of $3,000,000 
per year. 

It is clear beyond question that every big trust gets 
about one-fourth of its selling price by grace of Con- 
gress at the expense of the consumer, and that Congress 
must change its ways, or independent endeavor must en- 
tirely cease in the more important forms of production, 
as it is rapidly ceasing. 

This does not mean that protection shall be withdrawn 
from trusts, for they and their workmen are as much 
entitled to protection as are others. It does mean, how- 
ever, that one law, the Sherman act, shall not declare 
trusts and combinations in restraint of trade criminal, 
and another law, being the tariff, offer an extreme in- 
ducement for the formation of trusts in violation of the 
other law. When Congress stands upon its dignity in 
this matter and insists that it will do what its own mem- 
bers elect, it is time that the people speak with a voice 
that can be heard not only in Washington but perchance 
around the world. The question is largely whether Con- 
gress shall hear the voice of the people or shall listen 
to the insistent, and heretofore compelling, voice of great 
private interests. What has been every one's business 
has been no one's business. We must have a commission 
to control the tariff, or we must do away with protec- 
tion, an impossible alternative. Tariff-making in its 
formative steps must be taken out of the realm of poli- 
tics, away from selfish interests and secret influence, and 
placed in the hands of men selected for the work, high- 
minded, semi-judicial, non-partisan, acting with that judg- 
ment and integrity for which our courts are distinguished. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



71 



and, what is very important, with ample time to do the 
work well. — From " The Tariff, Its Revisers, and the 
Trusts," by Herbert E. Miles, in the American Review of 
Reviews for January. ^ ^ ^ 

EFFECT OF ELECTRICITY ON THE BLOOD. 

Some light is thrown on the cause of death by light- 
ning strokes and by contact with electrical circuits of 
high voltage by the result of experiments showing the 
peculiar changes in the blood which are produced by 
electric discharges. 

Freshly drawn, uncongealed blood is so opaque that 
writing cannot be read through a thin film of it inclosed 
between two plates of glass. If a series of discharges 
from a Leyden jar is passed through the film of blood 
by means of tinfoil electrodes, the blood gradually be- 
comes so transparent that the writing beneath it can 
be read with ease. What is the e.xplanation of this 
change? 

Blood consists of a nearly colorless liquid, the blood 
plasma or serum, mixed with solid bodies of organized 
structure, of which the most important are the red cor- 
puscles which contain the red coloring matter of the 
blood. This pigment, haemoglobin, is the principal agent 
of the so-called internal respiration of the body, which 
it effects by carrying oxygen from the lungs to the various 
organs and tissues. Under the action of electric dis- 
charges the hcemoglobin becomes detached from the blood 
corpuscles and passes into the serum, which it colors 
pale red, while the corpuscle, assuming the same pale tint, 
becomes invisible and transparent. The process is grad- 
ual and a certain number of discharges is required for 
its completion. 

Before the blood corpuscle parts with its pigment it 
undergoes a series of characteristic changes of form. 
The normal human blood corpuscle is a disk with a thick- 
ened rim. The first discharge causes division of 
the rim into lobes so that the corpuscle presents a stel- 
late appearance. Under the influence of the second and 
succeeding sparks the corpuscle expands, becomes glob- 
ular and assumes successively the mulberry form with 
blunt prominences, and the thorn-apple form with sharp 
spines. Finally it becomes a smooth sphere, and with 
this change the loss of pigment and opacity begins. 

I have discovered that the number of sparks required 
to produce these changes depends on the relative direc- 
tions of the electric current and the axis of the corpuscle, 
and is smallest when they are parallel, probably because 
the corpuscle in that position offers minimum resistance 
to the current. 

By a modification of the process I produced the bell 
form which was not present in the preparation be- 
fore the discharges. This form is occasionally found 
in blood and Weidenreich agid others have recently ex- 
pressed the opinion that it is the normal form of the 
blood corpuscle and that the common disk-shaped cor- 
puscles have already undergone modification due to cool- 
ing on removal from the body. From this point of view 
it appears very remarkable that electric discharges, which 
ultimately destroy the corpuscles completely, should be- 
gin by restoring them to their original form. 

All these experiments led to the same final result, trans- 
parency of the blood caused by the diffusion of the pig- 
ment of the corpuscles through the surrounding plasma. 
That blood undergoes similar changes inside the human 
body is proved by the peculiar markings found on the 
bodies of persons killed by lightning. These branching 
and tree-like figures are due to discororation of the skin 



by pigment released from the blood corpuscles by the 
electric discharge. — Translated for the Scientific Amer- 
ican from Umschau. ^ ^ Jt 

THE HIGHWAY OF THE AIR. 

The average person regards air much as he regards 
water — as much lighter, of course, but like it otherwise. 
Calm air is precisely to him as calm water in a pool. If 
there is wind, he pictures the air as a flowing river. And 
just so long as all men looked at it so, just so long the 
birds kept their monopoly. For the only state in which 
water approaches the condition of air is when water forms 
a maelstrom. Even then, water in its mildest turbulence 
falls far short of the unstable, incessant agitation of the 
atmosphere. Air is never still. It is filled with warm 
waves ascending, cold waves, descending, and through it 
race cross shoots and diagonal shoots, with corkscrew 
whirlwinds wandering hither and yon, as they list. The 
warm air off a cornfield creates one kind of a disturbance; 
off ploughed land it creates another. A layer of cold air 
may hold 4own a layer of warmer air. Consider what 
may happen when the warm air breaks through its en- 
velope as a millpond bursts its dam. A flowing stream 
churned to and fro and round and round and up and down 
would give a feeble idea of the air's inconstancy. 

Now a bird, circling with fi.xed wings, floats on a ris- 
ing column of air. It maintains its altitude as to the earth, 
but it is constantly coasting down through the air's as- 
cending volume. Once the bird loses the air column, it 
has to flap its wings, and it flaps till it finds another col- 
umn, when it goes on wheeling again with fixed wings. 
Moreover, when it flies, the wind comes toward it in 
waves, rising and falling like the billows of the sea. It 
meets them, and then it does precisely what a boat does: 
goes over them, or goes through them. The Wrights 
learned this, and when they'd learned, they were about 
as near to flying as you and I would be to writing Chinese 
philosophy when we'd just learned the English alphabet. 
Furthermore, there were no teachers, living or dead, 
that could help them more than a few steps along the way. 

The Wriglit machine must have gleaned something 
of its simplicity from its two creators. Orville Wright 
is a modest and unassuming person, as I am told his 
brother Wilbur is, as well. You would think him a plain 
business man, in his modest business clothes. Outside, 
two thousand onlookers gaped curiously, and he acted 
precisely as if he'd like to run around the corner of the 
shed and hide. And when the time came to fly — 

" Haul her out," said he, casually, with a wave of his 
hand, as you and I might ask some one to bring out our 
bicycles. My Philadelphia friend raised his eyebrows. 
"Doesn't put on much lugs, does he?" he commented. 
" Now over in France " 

To be sure. They order this thing better in France. 

" I saw it done over there," said Quaker City. " Some 
one blew a bugle, and a man in leather suit, racing gog- 
gles, leather skullcap, puttees, and rubber gloves came out 
and was photographed. Then he got into a kind of ma- 
chine shop with wings and had his picture taken again. 
Afterward he made a short address to the crowd, looked 
up at the sky, shook hands all around, and then they let 
her go." 

"What happened?" I asked, hanging on his words. 

" Nothing. The machine did a hop, skip, and a jump 
across the field, and then stood on its head. The last 
I saw, they were taking it to the scrap heap, and the avi- 
ator was holding a reception in the grand stand." — Max- 
imilian Foster, in the January Everybody's. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 19, 1909. 



PLODDING. 

" Genius is two per cent inspiration and ninety-eight 
per cent perspiration." This is the statement of an 
authority no less than Thomas A. Edison. 

Native ability, training, environment, influence and 
unexpected opportunities may have much to do with 
the success attained in life; yet the necessity of earnest, 
persistent, careful work always remains. For 
" Little by little all longing souls 
Struggle up nearer the shining goals." 

It is not difficult to deceive ourselves into thinking 
that men who liave achieved great distinction have 
reached a state of freedom from the need of incessant 
effort. But the height which great men have 
"reached and kept" have been attained'and held by 
" toiling upward while those who railed at fortune 
were enjoying ease and slumber. 

The author of a short story in the British IVcckly 
entitled " Blackwater's Mother," writes of two young 
men in college. The one who was the brighter stu- 
dent, with the more attractive personality, and with, 
apparently, advantages greatly in his favor when com- 
pared with his companion, decided to leave college. 
This caused his parents much sorrow ; which was the 
more acute because of other unwise actions by him at 
the same time. It became the duty of the student who 
had tried to hold his friend, and failed, to state the 
outcome to the authorities of the college. We here 
quote the words of the writer: 

" Thank you my boy, for all you have done for 
your unfortunate friend," said the principal warmly. 
" I am sorry to see you look so dejected. At least, 
j'ou will never occasion those belonging to you any 
anxiety in that direction. It has been a great pleasure 
to me, and also to my wife, to watch your life here, 
Dunstan, and you will never know what an inspiration 
it may have been to many." 

"My life, sir! Why, I haven't done anything." 
cried Dunstan in surprise, " only plodded on." 

The principal smiled. 

" Only plodded on," he repeated. " Nobody will 
ever know what the world and what the kingdom 
of Christ owes to those who have only plodded on. 
God bless you, my boy, and make you a blessing. I 
am sure you will be one wherever you go." 

Such was the tribute paid to the plodder. Scarcely 
Jiecessary is it to say that Dunstan's life was the use- 
ful, helpful one which the principal believed it would 
be. 

Many voices unite in saying, " Blessed is the plod- 
der." — Epworth Herald. 

(5% t^% i^^ 

An Indian philosopher, being asked what were, 
according to his opinion, the two most beautiful 
things in the universe, answered : " The starry 
heavens above our heads, and the feeling of duty 
in our hearts." — Bossiiet. 



OLD-TIME HALF CENTS. 

The treasurer of the United States on May 6, 1903, 
redeemed two half-cent pieces. This is the first time 
in the history of the countn*- that any such coins have 
been presented for redemption. It is more than a ceii- 
tury since the first half-cent piece was coined, and it is 
hardly fifty years since the government discontinued 
minting them. 

Possibly not one person in a thousand now living in 
the United States ever saw a half-cent piece. 

The last annual report of the Director of the Mint, 
page 82, shows that 7,896,222 of these coins, represent- 
ing $39,481.11, were issued. For almost half a cen- 
tury each annual report of the Treasury Department 
has included them among the " outstanding " obliga- 
tions of the government. 

The half-cent piece was the coin of the smallest 
denomination ever made by this country. It enjoys the 
distinction also of being the first coin issued, and also 
the first whose denomination was discontinued. The 
United States Mint was established in 1792, and cop- 
per half cents and cents were issued in 1793. Half 
the total number of half cents issued were coined pre- 
vious to 1810, after which year their coinage, with few 
exceptions, was limited. None were coined for circu- 
lation from 1812 to 1824, nor from 1836 to 1848. 
Finally in 1857 their coinage, with that of the big cop- 
per cent, was discontinued. On account of their lim- 
ited issue in the last years of their coinage they prac- 
tically had disappeared from the channels of trade. 

The needs of adopting the half cent as the lowest 
value-computing factor for a coin existed in the early 
days of the republic. Colonial half cents and British 
farthings of the same commercial value were then in 
circulation, and man)' articles were priced and sold in 
half cents. With the progress of the nation value 
arose, and the needs for a half cent disappeared, and 
their use following the first decade of the century was 
almost entirely confined to multiples. 

While all other discontinued types and denomina- 
tions of United States coin have found oblivion, the 
half cent is the only one of which the Treasury reports 
do not record some portion of the issue redeemed. 
This singular and unexplained fact has been one of 
frequent comment and inqfliry from Mint and Treas- 
ury officials. 

Large quantities of the half cents are to be found 
in the stocks of coin dealers. The most common dates 
are sold at a good premium, and the extremely rare 
ones are worth their weight in gold. 

Ferran Zarbe, of Saint Louis, was the man who sent 
the twt) half-cent pieces to Washington for redemption. 
He now prizes highly the little voucher calling for 
" one cent," which was sent to him with that amount of 
current coin in exchange for the two half-cent pieces 
he had forwarded. — Gateway Magazine. 




Small Seedling Pines and Spruces as They The Beautiful Concolor. Block of Grafted Blue Spruce in Nursery. 

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100 Yellow Pine 1 foot This policy, which we have followed for over half a century. 

With reasonahlv eond carp anri /^iiitf^roHnr,' jv.^' „v,„ has built up our business to where "Hill's Big Nurseries" 

1 300 trpe/ wfn a^H tf f.! ,ti i Cultivation the above ^^e known favorably throughout the world. Wi want every 

;;;!?= Itt i7 ? ? ^^^ ^'""'' °^ ''"^ pra.ne farm thou- reader of " Inglenoik " to have a copy of our new Catalog 

sands ot dollars m a few years. and Planting Guide. Write for it today. Address. 

D. HILL, THE DUNDEE NURSERIES, Dundee,nilinois, Box 500. E,.abii.h.d sss. 

HILL'S TREES HAVE BEEN FAMOUS FOR OVER HALF A CENTURY 




Small Block 
Shrubs 



if One and Two Year Old 
n Dundee Nurseries. 



Blocks of Pines. Hemlocks 
and Elms in Nursery. 



Wliat Gorgeous Blooms the Spirea \au 
Houti Have. 



THE INGLENOOK 



EUREKA INDESTRUCTIBLE POST 

^Cheap as cedar. 
"Ma*e where 
nsed. Great In- 
dncemeata to agents. Address, with stamp, 

W. A. DICKEY. North Manchester, Ind 



CAP GOODS 



SI S T E RS, 
when in need 
of Cap Goods 
remember you can be accommo- 
dated by the undersigned. Satis- 
faction guaranteed. Send for 
samples and Price List Free. 
Mention the Inglenook. 
Mary A. Bmbaker 
Box 331 Virden, Illinois 



Buckeye^ Pure Home Made 

APPLE BUTTER 



Is pronounced by hundreds of 
our customers, the best they 
ever ate. It is the product of 
apples, apple cider and granu- 
lated suirar; very appetizing 
and wholesome. Our Motto: 
Highest class of goods and a 
square deal guaranteed to all. 
Write for circular and special 
prices. 



a J. MlXIiEB &; CO^ SmithvlUo, Olilo. 



CAP GOODS 



Our business has almost doubled 
Itself during the last year. We 
are sending goods by mail to thou- 
sands of permanent, satisfied cus- 
tomers througliout the United 
States. The reason is simple. 

Our Goods are Reliable, Our 

Variety is Iiarg'e. Our 

Prices are Iiow. 

All orders filled promptly, post- 
paid. Satisfaction guaranteed or 
your money refunded. Send us a 
sample order and be convinced. 
Write us for a booklet of unsolic- 
ited testimonials and new line of 
samples, which will be furnished 
free. Send at once to 

B. E. ABHOI^D, EliTin, HI. 




Do 
Not 



Procrastinate 

If you have not sent in your 
subscription to THE INGLE- 
NOOK for 1909 do so now. Re- 
member that we are determined 
to ^rnake this the best weekly 
magazine of its class. Read this 
issue of THE INGLENOOK, 
pass it on to your friends, tell 
them the subscription price, and 
send us three or four new sub- 
scriptions along with your own. 
A 32-page illustrated magazine 
for 52 weeks, only ONE DOL- 
LAR. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING 

HOUSE 

Elgin, Illinois 



The Twentieth 
Century 
Sunday School 
Record System 

No superintendent can afford to be- 
gin the new year's work without the 
assistance of our new system of rec- 
ords and recognitions. This plan, 
first used in one of our own Sunday 
schools, has grown in favor until it 
is now recommended by Sunday- 
school workers of all denominations. 
It has increased the enrollment and 
secures the attendance of each schol- 
ar enrolled. Encourages systematic 
giving and discourages tardiness. 
Brings the Bible to the school and 
relieves the teacher of keeping class 
records. New scholars are enrolled 
and all records are kept and reported 
by the secretary of the school. The 
teacher is permitted to devote her 
whole time to the teaching of the les- 
son. Our new descriptive Record 
System Catalogue gives full partic- 
ulars. 

BBETHREN FTTBIiISHIITa HOUSE 

ElfTln, Illinois 



Gladiolus 

Send me 25 cents for 25 as- 
sorted flowering-size Gladiolus 
Bulbs. I make a specialty of 
Groff's Hybrids and Groff's SUver 
Trophy Strain, the finest in the 
world. They have received first 
prizes at the Pan American, 
Buffalo, St. Louis and other 
World's Fairs, and first awards 
wherever exhibited. The most 
beautiful, varied, most vigorous 
and prolific. I also sell mixed 
and named sorts of Gandavensis. 
Childsi, Lemoine (Butterfly) and 
the giant Nanceianus strain. 
Price list of named sorts to all; 
ready In February. 

GEO. S. -WOODBUPP, 

Independence, Iowa. 



Imperial Valley, California 

is a country where things grow too 
large to write about. You will have to 
come and see them. .. 

The g-reat AI.PAI.PA and PBTJIT dis- 
trict, situated 180 miles each of Los 
Angeles, on the Southern Pacific R. R. 
Send for illustrated booklet. 

Addres>, W. P. Gillett, HoltviUe, Cal. 



Holmes' Green Prolific Pole Lima Bean 

Grows Green — Dries Green — Stays Green — Most Prolific 

Equals the Early Jersey or any other variety for earliness. More pro- 
ductive than any other Pole Lima we have ever seen grow. Every Bean 
has that true, distinct, deep grass green color, and this color it retains 
when the Beans are shelled for market. The large pods hang in clusters 
of from five to eiglit, each pod containing from five to six beans. 

Stock extremely limited. Positively only three papers will be sold to any 
one person. Pkts. containing six beans, 25 cents; 3 pkts., 50 cents. 

Holmes' Delicious Early Sweet Corn 

Entirely new and distinct. Very early. Ready for market in 55 days. 
The most delicious Early Com grown. Has twelve rows to the cob, and 
each stalk bears two or three well-developed ears. 

Stock' extremely limited. Pkt containing enough seed for three hills, 
25 cents; 3 pkts., 50 cents. Positively not more than three pkts. sold to any 
one customer. 

Fuller description of both above Novelties will be found in our 

Hand Book on Seeds which is sent free for the asking. 

No other seed house can offer these two sterling novelties this year 

HOLMES SEED CO., HARRISBURG, PA. 



NEFFS CORNER 

Thinking the Inglenook was to die soon, I had lost interest in it and so have 
not been saying much of late, but now I hope to be telling you all sorts of inter- 
esting things for some time to come. Fact is, I have a good many good things 
to tell. Everything is lively at Clevis now. All liouses rented and town over- 
flowing with people, and more and more coming. Many 'Nook readers have made 
investments here and are pleased. You see a property that rents for $8.00 per 
month costs you but $350, and one that rents for $10 costs you but $450, and 
tenants are falling over each other to get them even at these rental prices. Our 
investment association paid dividends of 21 per cent July 1 and 13 per cent Jan. 1, 
over and above all taxes and other expenses, or an average for the year of 17 per 
cent. My little folder. "New Mexico Investments," tells all about these matters, 
and its free for the asking. 

F. H. Bradley, of Surrey, N. D., a man of much travel and experience, says 
our country offers the finest opportunities of any he lias ever seen. He has bought 
a half section of land here and will locate. W. W. Horning, of Frederick, S. Dak., 
after looking over our town remari^ed that in my announcements and correspond- 
ence I had not told the half. He aims to arrange to build a number of houses 
here. 

Others are moving in and our church is prospering (revival services now in 
progress), but we lack means for our church work and to this end am soliciting 
subscriptions to the Woman's National Daily, a clean, reliable, well-edited daily 
newspaper published in St. Louis. I will have it sent to you every day (except 
Sundays) for a whole year for only $1. and besides, I will put one liundred cents 
of the dollar into our mission fund and pay for your subscription out of my own 
pocket. Will send you a sample ropy first if you ask for it, but I assure you you 
will run no risk in sending the dollar now. Address 

JAMES M. NEFF, Clovis, New Mexico 



Training tlie 
Teacher 

Brethren Edition 

Twenty lessons on the Bible by Dr. Schauf- 
fler. 

Ten lessons on the Pupil by Mrs. Lamor- 
eaux. 

Ten lessons on the Teacher by Dr. Brum- 
baugh. 

Ten lessons on the School by Mr. Law- 
rance. 

Special Chapters 

" How the Bible came to us," by Dr. Price. 
" Organizing and conducting a Teacher-Training 

class," by Rev. Oliver. 
The Gist of the Books. 
Teaching Hints. 

Test Questions at the end of each lesson. 
Review test questions at the end of every 
fifth or sixth lesson. The official text book 
for Teacher-Training Classes of the Church 
of the Brethren. 272 pages. Paper bound, 
prepaid, 35 cents. Cloth bound, prepaid, 50 
cents. 

BBETEBEN FUBXiISHING HOUSE 

mgin, lUinois 



■^t 



The Saloon Under the 
Search ligfht 

By George R. Stuart 

" A bright, breezy, thought-compelling little 
book with not a dull line in it. Full of sug- 
gestion and inspiration for one who would have 
a part in the fight against the saloon, a fight that 
grows in strength and popularity every day." 

" Sledge hammer blows by Dr. Stuart on 
thirteen or more aspects of the saloon question. 
The arguments and illustrations are original, 
often unique, and always right to the point." 

" I find the book one among the best I ever 
read on the subject. I can recommend it and 
wish it were possible to place a copy in every 
home in the land." — Eld. D. L. Miller. 

" I have just finished reading that splendid 
little volume, ' The Saloon Under the Search- 
light,' by Geo. R. Stuart. I find it interesting 
and valuable. It commends itself to me because 
of its simple, plain, practical and true statements. 
I would solicit for it a wide circulation, and a 
careful perusal. It cannot fail but do good." — 
P. J. Blough. Bound in cloth and paper, 64 
pages. 

Price, paper, 20 cents 

Price, cloth, 35 cents 

BBETHBEN FUBIiISHING BOTTSB 

Blg'ln, lUmols 



The Great Commission 



<uaj!^'"=^r"^^>^ 



An artist's conception of the 
ordinance of Christian Baptism, re- 
produced in colors. An appro- 
priate decoration for the home. 
Size of picture 18x24 inches. We 
liave secured the entire stock of 
this work of art and are pleased 
to announce them at a sacrifice 
while they last. Each picture se- 
curely packed in a mailing tube. 



(f^^s»==J'<2==»Eg;8S°°1) 




Price Each Postpaid 50 Cents 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 









Sunflower Stories and 
Lullabies 

By Miss Olive A. Smith 

A collection of stories and verses for young folks. Miss 
Smith is a writer of considerable ability, contributing to 
several young people's papers regularly. 

The poems and stories found in this volume are among 
her very choicest productions. 

In remembrance of her home in Kansas, the Sunflower 
State, she has called the collection " Sunflower Stories and 
Lullabies." 



The book contains many such 
stories as " Mabel's Diamond," 
"The Story of a Bird," "A Real 
Boy," "An Adopted Family," 
" The Class in Number Seven," 
and " Sammy." Interspersed 
throughout are a large number of 
such poems as " In Chipmunk 
Town," " The Moon Baby King," 
" The Wise Crow," " The Mead- 
ow Preacher," and "The Bye-Low 
Boat." One hundred pages of the 
most delightful reading. The 
book is printed from large clear 
type, on a good quality of paper. 
The frontispiece is reproduced 
from a painting by David Emmert. Handsomely and sub- 
stantially bound, artistic side title, profusely illustrated. 

Price, prepaid, 50 Cents 

Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Iliinois 








A Sample of the Oat Fields In the Nanton District. 



Harvest Time 



The prosperous settlers in Sunny Southern Alberta have just finished harvesting a bounti- 
ful crop. It is now THRESHING TIME and their yields are enormous. 

Some fields are yielding as high as fifty bushels of vrheat per acre. And oats are yielding 
as high as one hundred and thirty bushels per acre. The crop on one acre brings enough money 
to buy two acres! Could you want anything better? 

We have just secured, and are now offering for sale, 50,000 acres in the Nanton District 
where already there is established a large and prosperous settlement of the Brethren. 

Our prices are $9.00 per acre and up, on easy terms — ^ten years to pay for land when the 
purchaser settles on the land. Ebccursions every week. Cheap rates and railroad fare refimded 
to purchasers of 320 acres or more. 

For particulars, address, 



REDCLIFFE REALTY CO., ( R. R. Stoner, Pres. ) 

430 TEMPLE COURT 

MINNEAPOLIS, - - - MINNESOTA 




; 



CHURCH EXTENSION BY 

COLONIZATION 

The Co-operative Colonization Company, incorporated under the laws of Indiana, proposes 
to establish colonies, on their Co-operative plan, in the United States and other countries, in 
suitable localities, under the most favorable conditions. 

The aim is to establish self-supporting con gregations of our people, with good church 
and school privileges from the beginning of a colony. 

A committee appointed by the Directors of this company, made an extended tour of in- 
vestigation through the West. After careful consideration of their report by the Directors, it 
was decided to locate their first colony in the San Joaquin Valley, California. This is one of 
the world's famous valleys, noted for its mild, congenial climate, rich soil and variety of prod- 
ucts. 

In this valley are grovim successfully wheat, rye, oats, barley, alfalfa and other grasses; 
peaches, pears, prunes, apricots, nectarines, figs, olives, oranges, lemons, melons, canteloupes, 
strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, loganberries and grapes. Vegetables are grown almost 
every month in the year. English walnuts, almonds, pecans, peanuts and other nuts do well and 
are profitable. Dairying, beekeeping and poultry raising are carried on successfully. 
The new colony town, is on the main line of the Santa Fe Railroad, immediately on the tract 
selected for our first colony. It is in central California, within a few hours run of San Fran- 
cisco, Sacramento and Stockton, among the best markets in the State. 

The colony tract is well located, almost level, with a deep, fertile soil, mostly a sandy loam, 
well adapted to above-named crops. It is in the Modesto irrigation district, one of the best 
systems in the State, with plenty of water, and the land owns the irrigation plant. Two large 
ditches cross the colony tract, and the present owner will construct lateral ditches to each 
forty acres — an important item. The drainage is excellent, no alkali or hardpan to interfere 
with crops, no brush, stximps or stones to be removed, a good place for 

IDEAL HOMES AND PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

This tract is not large. It will soon be taken up. Each one can select his tract. Home- 
seekers and investors should investigate this proposition. A selection either in the town, or 
colony will make an ideal home. Water for domestic use is obtained from wells about 50 feet 
deep, and is of fine quality. A good public school house is in easy reach of the colony. 

The next pcuty of colonists will leave Chicago about February 9. The town and colony 
lands are both platted and are ready for occupation and cultivation. Prospective colonists and 
California tourists are invited to join us. Write for rates and particulars. 



CO-OPERATIVE COLONIZATION COMPANY 

NORTH MANCHESTER, INDIANA 
OR S. F. SANGER, GENERAL ORGANIZER, SOUTH BEND, INDIANA 



>'i^V^'»^»^ 



■ o ^V^N<^»^ 




mlNSLtlCOKL 



January 26, 1909 



One Dollar Per Year 



s 





A Philosopher 

Richard Braunstein 

In winter time he's happy 

When he's pelted by the snows; 

In summer time he's singing 
If he gathers one sweet rose; 

And the world seems ever better 
For the happy way he goes. 

If dark the tempest's frowning 
And no stars are in the night. 

He thanks God for a shelter 
And sleeps and dreams of light; 

And somehow earth is brighter, 
For he ever makes it bright. 





Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 



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i 



California 
Excursion 



Thursday, Feb. 11, 1909 



Will leave all points in Oklahoma for Butte Valley, Cal- 
ifornia. An excursion will leave Chicago the same day, 
leaving Omaha, Nebraska and Kansas City, Missouri 
on Friday, February 12, 1 909. All excursions will be 
consolidated at Cheyenne, Wyoming Saturday morning 
February 1 3. For rates, routes and other information 



wnte to 



E. M. Cobb, 

Elgin, III. 



Isaiah Wheeler, 

Oklahoma City, Okla., or 
Cerro Gordo, III. 
or 

George L. McDonaugh, 

Colonization Ag:cnt Union Pacific R. R. 

Omaha, Neb. 



D. C. Campbell, 

Colfax, Ind. 



j Q^>t<*t » ,^St ' ^^^f**'*^ 



I i»^<>^^<w^»>/^*^ 



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i^^^^ML^L^^a^^^^icmatcittm. 



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Great Premium 

Offer 



The hundreds of subscriptions received during the 
past few days is a strong testimonial to the growing pop- 
ularity of THE INGLENOOK. 

Have you sent in your renewal? 

We need you and you need the best weekly dollar 
magazine published. 

We want you on our li^ soon and are placing a 
premium on early replies by offering 

A Free Copy of "Modern Fables and [Parables'' 

in cloth binding to each person sending us $ 1 .00 for a 
year's subscription to THE INGLENOOK. 

"Modern Fables and Parables" is a book of 332 
pages by W. S. Harris, author of " Mr. World and Miss 
Church Member." Over 1 00 illu^rations by Paul Krafft 
and others. Publisher's price on this book is $1 .25. 

ALL WE ASK is that you send us 31 cents to 
pay for packing and postage of the book at the same time 
you send $ 1 .00 for THE INGLENOOK. A Dollar 
Magazine and a $ 1 .25 Book for $1.31. 

Act quickly, as we can not fill orders for premiums after our present 
stock is exhausted. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, Elgin, HI. 



I 
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THE INGLENOOK 



EUREKA INDESTRUCTIBLE POST 

kCho«p at oedkr. 
"Mam where 
nifKl. Great Id- 
dacetneati to af^entn. Addr^sii, with stamp. 

W. A. DICKEY. North Manchettor, Ind 



Buckeye Pure Home Made 

APPLE BUTTER 



l8 prononnced by hnndreds of 
our cnstomerB, the best they 
ever ate. It 1b the product of 
apples, apple elder and pranii- 
lated siiL'ar; very appetizing 
and whoiosome. Our Motto: 
Hiirhest class of goods and a 
square deal guaranteed to all. 
Write for circular and special 
prices. 

CO^ SnUthvUlft. Ohio. 



Imperial Valley, California 

is a country where things grow too 
large to write about. You will have to 
come and see them. 

The great AliFAZiFA and PBUIT dis- 
trict, situated 180 miles each of Los 
Angeles, on the Southern Pacific R. R. 
Send for illustrated booklet. 

Address. W. P. G-illett, HoltviUe, Cal. 




The 

International 

Sunday-School 

Lessons 

FOR 1909 

Aie on the Acts of the Apostles 

Every Sunday-school Teacher 
will need the helpful assistance 
of some first-class teachers' help. 
The lessons deal with the perse- 
cutions of the early church and 
the spreading of the Gospel which 
attended the dispersion of the 
saints. Lesson writers of splen- 
did ability have been engaged for 
this year and we confidently hope 
to make the Brethren Teachers' 
Monthly the best teachers' assist- 
ant on the market. If you have 
never used the Monthly, ask for 
a samply popy. We will gladly 
send a copy to each of your fel- 
low teachers if you will send us 
their names and addresses. Sub- 
scription price, 50 cents per year. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 

Elgir, [llinoia 



Our Bicentennial 
Hymn 

We are now prepared to fill orders for 
the above-named hymn, printed In leaf- 
let form on heavy paper. The words of 
this popular hymn were written by Eld. 
Jas. A. Sell, and the music composed 
by Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger. 

Price per htmdxed, postpaid, 25 cents. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 



The Twentieth Century 
Sunday School 
Record System 






o 


■/ ;-_^^,^.._ 


lanr '•hht ^bbb 

iSS '^^S, *^^5 




— ««■»» 



No superintendent 
can afford to begin 
the new year's work 
without the assistance 
of our new system of 
records and recogni- 
tions. This plan, first 
used in one of our 
own Sunday schools, 
has grown in favor 
until it is now recom- 
mended by Sunday- 
school workers of all 
denominations. It has 
increased the enroll- 
ment and secures the 
attendance of each scholar enrolled, i-lncourages systematic giv- 
ing and discourages tardiness. Brings the Bible to the school 
and relieves the teacher of keeping class records. New scholars 
are enrolled and all records are kept and reported by the secre- 
tary of the school. The teacher is permitted to devote her whole 
time to the teaching of the lesson. Our new descriptive Record 
System Catalogue gives full particulars. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE | 

Elgin, Illinois * 



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♦ 

t 
♦ 

I 



Holmes' Green Prolific Pole Lima Bean 

Grows Oreen — Dries Green — Stays Green — Most Frollflc 

Equals the Early Jersey or any other variety for earliness. More pro- 
ductive than any other Pole Lima we have ever seen grow. Every Bean 
has that true, distinct, deep grass green color, and this color it retains 
when the Beans are shelled for market. The large pods hang in clusters 
of from five to eight, each pod containing from five to six beans. 

Stock extremely limited. Positively only three papers will be sold to any 
one person. Pkts. containing six beans. 25 cents; 3 pkts., 50 cents. 

Holmes* Delicious Early Sweet Corn 

Entirely new and distinct. Very early. Ready for market in 55 days. 
The most delicious Early Com grown. ■ Has twelve rows to the cob, and 
each stalk bears two or three well-developed ears. 

Stock extremely limited. Pkt. containing enough seed for three hills, 
25 cents; 3 pkts., 50 cents. Positively not more than three pkts. sold to any 
one customer. 

Fuller description of both above Novelties will be found in our 

Hand Book on Seeds which is sent free for the asking. 

ITo other seed honse can offer these two sterUng novelties this year 

HOLMES SEED CO., HARRISBURG, PA. 



♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 




More About Miami Valley, 
New Mexico 



Are you seeking health? 

We have it as sure as this pure, rare mountain 
air brings it. 

^* ^™ ^^ 



Are you wanting wealth? 

We can furnish you the resources for it. 

(^W ^* «!?• 

Do you desire happiness? 

We have the conditions that bring it. 

^% (^¥ t^t 

A co-operative thrifty community 

of neighbors for you. 

^?% <£?* ^^ 

Excellent church privileges. 

<5* <,?• t^* 

A good school for your children 

now in session, conducted in a good house built 
with the latest ideas of lighting and equipage. 



Beautiful scenery 

with its ever-shifting shades and tints to feast 
the eye upon. 

(^V *^^ v^ 

Fine weather? Good roads? Yes, 
none finer. 

(^s ((5* «5* 

Almost perpetual sunshine. 

Just think! Nearly every winter day Old Sol 
smiles out warm and bright. Contrast this with 
the days and weeks of cloudy weather, rain, 
snow, sleet, slush and mud back East and North. 

^¥ (^^ t^^ 

Thanksgiving Day finds us with a 
goodly harvest and thankful hearts 
for this our first year of prosperity. 

Sickness has not been in our midst, death has 
claimed none of us and prosperity is inevitable 
for the future. 

t^* (,5* (,?• 

" Westward Ho " tells of our claims 
and resources. 

Send for a copy. Come and see us. 




Farmers Development Company, Miami, N. M. 



4t»«»«»4»»»t« M *»4*»4» ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-♦^M^ ♦»♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ »»♦»♦♦♦»»»♦»< 




Results Are What Count 



Results of Some Crops Raised in Idaho, 1908 



TIEI-D OP 


BEETS. 1 




Nampa District 










Tons 


Name 


Acres 


per A. 


Mark 


Austin, . . 


35 


18 


Company Farm, 


90 


16 


Allen 


Blssett. . 


2 


18 


Tolef 


Olsen, . . . 


4 


1714 


C. G. 


Nofziger, 


h 


19 


Geo. 


Duval, . . . 


6 


26 



A. C. Coonard, . . 6 18"^ 

Geo, Duval 170 14 

Rogers' Farm, . , 20 24 

Gough & Merrill,. 10 18 

A. V. LInder, ... 25 16 

David Betts, ... 14 15 

Payette District. 

C. M. Williams, . 5 19 

W. F. Ashinhurst, S^i 18 

E. E. Hunter, ... 27 16 



Wm. Hansen, 
Melcher & Boor, 
A. E. Wood, . 
P. A. Gregar. 
R. F. Slone, . 
Thos. Weir, . 
Wm. Melcher, 
S. Niswander, 
John Ward, . 
W. B. Ross, . 



Kampa District. 

The results of grain crop following the 
beet crop. 

Kind of Bushels 
Grain per A. A. 

I. Hildreth. Wheat 58 15 



Gough &: Merrill, Oats 

Joe Dickens, Wheat 

Sugar Company, Barley 

Geo. Duval. Barley 

John Holtom, Wheat 

Albert Mickel'>, Oats 



6 
37 
IS 

6 

5 
14 
21 
26 
10 

5 

100 

56 
60 
75 
52 
90 



16 
15 
16 
15 

15 
23 
22 
17 
22 
23 



17 
20 
40 
35 
20 
9 



These results are only from a few points and a few individuals. Some 
localities report even greater yields, and show the possibilities of the coun- 
try. The fruit crop was very good; many of the growers realized from $700 
to $800 an acre for their apple crop this year, clear of all expenses. More 
land was sold in Idaho in 1908 than in any previous year. Land is still cheap. 
Settlers are going in very fast and the best opportunities will soon be taken. 

Homeseeker Round Trip Rates are in effect on the first and third Tues- 
days of January and February, 1909, as follows: From Chicago to Black- 
foot, Idaho, $42.50; Boise, Idaho, $57.50; Butte, Montana, $42.50; Caldwell, 
Idaho, $57.50; Hailey, Idaho, $53.60; Huntington, Oregon, second-class, 
$57.50; Idaho Falls, Idaho, $42.50; Ketchum, Idaho, $54.60; Market Lake, 
Idaho, $42.50; Mountain Home, Idaho, $53.90; Nampa, Idaho, $57.20; On- 
tario, Oregon, $57.50; Pocatello, Idaho, $42.50; Salt Lake City, Utah, $39.00; 
Shoshone, Idaho, $49.00; Twin Falls, Idaho, $50.80; Weiser, Idaho, $57.50. 

Colonist One Way Cheap Rates will be in effect from March 1 to April 
30, 1909, inclusive. 

Write at once for printed matter giving full particulars about Idaho and 
its possibilities, climate and other attractions. 



S. Bock 

Colonization Agent, Dayton, Ohio 



D. E. Burley 

Q.P.A.,O.S.L.R.R., Salt Lake City, Utah 



*l nSl-cnook 



Vol. XI. 



January 26, 1909. 



No. 4. 



THE SUPERFLUOUS BOY 

ELIZABETH M. ROYER 



Chapter I. 

'■ Francis, Francis, Francis Homer Peasley, get 
right up this minute if you want a mouthful of break- 
fast. I have called you five times already. Do you 
hear, Francis? Get out of there right away, or I 
will come up and then you will move. Are you com- 
ing?" Mrs. Peasley shrieked up the stairs to her 
nine-year-old son. 

A noise between a yawn and a groan, muffled by 
the bedclothes, came sleepily and faintly down to 
her. 

" Let me hear you put your feet on the floor. Now, 
jump up and run around so I know you are up. Are 
you up, Francis? Get right out. Don't you dare 
go back to sleep." 

" Fm coming," floated drowsily down, but Francis 
only buried his nose more deeply in his pillow and 
nestled more comfortably under the soft, warm 
blankets. 

" I can get him out. Just give me that glass of 
water," cried Sarah, who, having almost finished her 
first year in high school, was equal to the most critic- 
al need, even to that of arousing Francis, when, 
evidently, he was determined to sleep, at least, until 
noon, for with a bound, she was up the stairs. Three 
steps brought her to his bed where she held the glass 
brimming full of clear, icy water high above his 
head, waiting a moment in order to give him one last 
chance to escape retribution. Closely following in her 
wake, came ten-year old Tam, eager for an oppor- 
tunity to crow over her brother, and standing in the 
doorway, with her black, mischievous eyes shining 
and sparkling full of suppressed merriment, she sung, 
beginning softly under her breath but steadily increas- 
ing the volume, 

" Don't worry, keep smiling. 
O Fanny, don't worry, keep smiling. 
Don't worry, keep smiling." 

" Get up, you lazy boy, or I will throw this water on 



you. Hurry now. One, two, thr-ee, are you going 
to come? All right, then, here goes." The water be- 
gan to drop on Francis' head. Like a turtle in time 
cf danger, he drew it under cover. With a pull and 
a jerk Sarah had the bedclothes on the floor, expos- 
i \g unprotected Francis to her merciless torture. 
Splash came the water on his head and he began to 
scream lustily. 

" Don't worry, keep smiling. 
Don't worry, keep smiling,", 

sung out tormenting Tam from the door. 

" Now are you going to get up, you lazy bones ? " 
demanded Sarah, as she splashed the last water on 
Francis' neck. " You won't get any breakfast if you 
don't move faster." 

" I won't get up. You can't make me. I won't get 
up until Tam stops singing that stufif." 

" You will, too, young man." Sarah grasped his 
arm firmly, endeavoring to pull him out forcibly, but 
Francis was nine and beginning already to learn foot- 
ball. Swiftly out came his foot, finding a point 
of contact just below her belt. It took her breath but. 
staggering backwards, she hastily recovered, and went 
toward him with a look that meant war. 

" Say, Sarah, don't worry, keep smiling. You are 
doing fine. Don't worry, keep smiling." Tam dived 
back in time to save her head from a pillow that came 
sailing at her. The stair door opened with a bang. 

"What does all this noise mean up there?" came 
in the stern tones of Mr. Peasley. 

" We are trying to get Francis out of bed," an- 
swered Tam in saintly accents, then in a triumphant 
whisper to I-"rancis, she said, " Now, Mr. Fanny, you 
better hustle, papa is coming." 

" Francis, get up at once. Sarah and Tam, come 
down to breakfast." 

Sarah and Tam went down. Francis with one 
bound landed on the flcor and began to dive into 



74 



^?--^~ THE INGLENOOK.— January, -26, 1909. 



his clothes. Before the door had entirely closed upon 
the girls,, he heard coming up the stairway, gently, 
softly, hardly audible for justice was near, 

" Don't worry, .keep smiling," 

in the tantalizing tones of Tam. 

When Francis came into the dining room where 
the rest of the family were finishing their breakfast, 
he fell into his seat by his mother, defiantly scowling 
across the table at Tam. Solemnly, Tam stared back, 
not moving a muscle, trying to decide by what act 
she could torment him to the greatest degree, and yet 
save herself. Drawing her attention by kicking her 
twin sister, Marie, under the table, she whispered 
something to her. They both suddenly exploded into 
a series of snorts and giggles, then just as suddenly 
regained countenance, long and solemn, and stared 
steadily back at Francis. It had the desired eflfect, 
for he slid farther down into his chair scowling 
blacker and more threateningly with every passing 
moment. This called Sarah's attention to the fact that 
Francis was up. 

" Mama," exclaimed she, " look at Francis. He 
hasn't washed yet. If you would only make him do 
without 'breakfast once he would quit coming down 
late. We have to get up and I can't see why he can't." 

" Now, Sarah, I guess I can run things here yet 
a while," returned Mrs. Peasley w.ith dignity. " I 
have been doing it for something like seventeen 
years." 

" Mama, look at Francis' hands. It makes me 
sick," and Marie buried her nose in her napkin. 

To poor Francis, the round soberness thinly veil- 
ing the teasing, glittering exultation of Tam's eyes 
that unwaveringly regarded him, now from over the 
top of her glass of milk, now from above her plate as 
she continued her breakfast, combined with the added 
insult of Marie, laid the last straw on the load that 
broke the camel's back, for with an explosion of 
tears, mingled with disgust, anger, and self-righteous 
indignation, he blurted out, 

" O-o-oh, I won't eat with those girls. They never 
have to wash. I won't eat if they are going to eat 
too. Make them quit laughing." He stumbled up 
from the table as he spoke and flung himself out in- 
to the kitchen where he fell sprawling into a chair. 
— Silently Mr. Peasley had been sitting at the head 
of the table during this commotion, but now he took 
matters into his own hands. " Francis," he command- 
ed sternly, " go and wash at once. Then come and 
eat your breakfast. Girls, attend to your own break- 
fast and let Francis alone." 

" Papa, we weren't doing a thing," whined Tam in 
injured tones, " we were laughing at a secret. Can't 
even laugh when he's around." 

" Quit your laughing at anything, then. Try and 



keep quiet a few minutes. You make more fuss than 
a whole boarding-school of girls." 

In three gulps Tam finished her breakfast, and 
hurriedly excusing herself, she left the dining room. 
* In a few moments she cried out, " Say, Francis never 
wasTied his face at all. He just rubbed his dry hands 
over it like I used to. Make him wash. I will never 
eat with him if you don't." 

Francis was the baby of the family and Mrs. Peas- 
ley had kept him the baby as long as possible. Now 
she came to his rescue. 

'"Tam, go and make your beds and don't let me 
hear another word from you until school time. Here, 
Francis, let me wash you. Gracious, boy, how can 
you get so dirty over night? Didn't I tell you to wash 
before you went to bed? " 

" Pooh, mama, you don't suppose he washed clean, 
do }'ou ? Anyway Scrub slept with him last night," 
came Tam's last killing shot before she ran upstairs. 

" Did you leave that dirty dog sleep with you last 
night," demanded Mrs. Peasley in horror. 

" I-I couldn't help i-it," whimpered Francis, " h-he 
whined to g-get into b-bed with me, and I had to 
1-let him. Ouch, you're getting soap in my eyes." 

" Well, I will get more in if you don't stop this 
nonsense. Did't I tell j'ou not to leave that dog 
sleep with you ? On my clean sheet, too ! For this 
you can have only one dish of breakfast food and 
then you will have to carry in kindling until school 
time." 

" O mama, we are going to play football this 
morning, and I am captain. Can't I go just this 
once? They can't play without me," he begged. 

" Yes, they can. They had better get a captain 
that isn't a baby. No, crying won't do you one bit 
of good. Hurry now and eat and get that kindling 
in. Be sure to come in and get washed before school 
time. Do you hear? " . 

Disconsolately Francis sat down, still angry, to 
his solitary dish of breakfast food. He finished it 
silently, tearfully, and departed to carry in the kin- 
dling, which was, to his mind, the most severe means of 
punishment that loving parents could inflict upon 
obedient children. With a hopeless, plodding dili- 
gence, he stumbled back and forth, back and forth, 
with armful after armful of splinter-clothed sticks, to 
and from the pile in the back yard and the neat rows 
in the basement. Scrub, his stub-tailed yellow dog, 
of many breeds, his chief joy next to football, his 
sympathetic friend and trusted confidant in every 
trouble, emotion, and joy of his short life, blessed with 
sweet sisters and loving parents, Scrub, his oivn dog, 
unshared by any treacherous partner, came bounding 
swiftly, like some toy run by uncertain machinery, 
from around the corner of the house from wallowing 
in the mud of the street and threw himself joyfully 
at Francis' face. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



75 



" Dear old Scrubbie," he cried, as he and the dog 
tumbled together in affectionate embrace over the tips 
of the new grass just peeping above the brown and 
withered skeletons of last year that had kept them 
alive through the cold winter. " Dear old Scrubbie, 
you can go where you want to, and I have to stay 
here with this old kindling and all because of those 
girls. Girls are awful things, Scrub. I don't believe 
they want me around. I believe they would have been 
glad if I hadn't been born. Mebbe mama and papa 
would too. They say that when I stay at grandma's 
there never is any trouble, so I nuist cause all the 
trouble then. Scrub, I wish I hadn't been born. I 
got to stay here and carry in this old kindling and 
those girls can do just as they please and I didn't 
have enough breakfast, either. If -they hadn't been 
so mean, I would never got cross this morning and 
then I could have been playing with the boys. I think 
it's mean, so I do, Scrub." 

Big tears came and rolled over the brim of his 
eyes, making little white rivers down his grimy cheeks. 
Scrub affectionately and sympathetically licked them 
away. 

For some time, perched on the back fence liad been 
a grinning urchin eagerly taking in the scene before 
him. He was not one of Francis' friends but belonged 
to " the bunch " who were opposed to Francis' being 
captain of the football team. In silent enjoyment he 
had been watching Francis and listening to him re- 
peating his troubles to Scrub, and now, too full to 
longer hold in, lie bubbled forth, • 

" Oh, yes, dear old Scrubbie has a cry-baby for a 
master. You bet, I knew you was a baby and I told 
the fellows so, and they are going to appoint me cap- 
tain of the team, and you can't play any more. We 
won't have no babies on our team. Don't you wish 
you wasn't a baby? Don't you wish vou wasn't a 
baby?" 

Francis had arisen when he began to speak and 
stood listening with the tears still upon his face. 
Shamed at being caught crying to a dog drove his 
anger to a white heat, made him speechless with rage 
before his tormenting enemy who knew how to aim 
his poisoned arrows so they would hit the tenderest 
spots. When Tom Green paused for breath, Francis 
retorted with defiance shooting from his eyes, 

" I tell you, Tom Green, I don't care what you do 
with your old team. I wouldn't be in it if you were 
anyway, and I can get up one that can beat yours un- 
til there won't be enough left to see, if I want to. If 
you don't believe it just come in here and I will 
prove it to you." He waited for Tom to accept his 
challenge. " Yes. I knew you was afraid. I knew 
you wouldn't fight me. You know verv well I can 
knock you out and I will, too, if you come near." 

" Huh," bantered Tom from his safe distance at 
the fence. " I wouldn't fight with a baby, a cry-baby, 



that cries for its mama and girl-sisters. Suppose I 
would dirty my hands fighting with a little baby? I 
would be afraid I would hurt it." 

"You would, would you? Well, let's see," and 
Francis started for Tom. But Tom dropped safely 
behind the fence, derisively shouting as he ran across 
the field, 

" See the captain of the imaginary foot-ball team. 
Don't I wish I was on that team ? Well, I guess not." 

Down on the ground beside Scrub dropped Francis, 
sobbing into his willing neck. 

" Scrub, nobody loves me. I haven't a single friend. 
Even the fellows are down on me. I wish I was dead. 
' Tain't no fun living this way. I never have a minute's 
peace but what some of those girls or somebody is 
bothering me. They don't want me here. The fel- 
lows are going after that Tom Green. I wish we 
could get out of this, and then everyone would be 
satisfied." 

(To Be Continued.) 

(5* ft5* ei5* 

THOUGHTS ON THE OLD YEAR. 

J. C. FLORA. 

The deeds done during the year 1908 are no'w a 
part of history. The opportunities which it brought to 
each of us are past, and those which were unimproved 
are forever lost. The unkind and harsh words spoken 
are gone and can never be recalled. However much 
we may wisli to recall them we cannot, but they 
will go on accomplishing their harmful work and 
all we can do is to counteract their influence by kind 
words in the future. The mistakes made during the 
year cannot be undone now ; alas, they are done and 
we cannot change the record of the past. Our deeds, 
whatever they may be, good or bad, are written in the 
great book of time and its lids are forever sealed. 
We cannot erase one line from its pages. 

Then the question for you and me to consider is, 
"Is my record what it should be?" If not let us 
strive to make the record for 1909 a better one. Let 
us not stop and worry over the past, but let's deter- 
mine to improve every opix)rtunity for doing good 
during the year that is before us. 

. While there has been much good done in the past 
there is much yet to be done. There is much distress 
among humanity to be relieved. There are many 
who are suffering for kind words. There are many 
who are in need of food and clothing. There are 
yet many places of vice that ought to be destroyed. 
There are many unhappy homes that could be made 
happy. There are many of our fellow beings wlio are 
in the depths of ignorance and superstition and do not 
know of the God whom we worship. Truly, there is 
yet much to be done. Then, forgetting the things that 
are beliind, let us press forward. 

Ouinter, Kaiis. 



THE IXGLEXOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



Around the World Without 

a Cent 



Henry M. Spickler 



Chapter XLII. 
It was a long distance to the big park which I found 
worthy of my efforts to reach. Great rounding hills 
or mounds were laid out in symmetrical designs with 
plants, both new and old to my botanical eye. Flow- 
ers, filling big spaces with their rich colors, bloomed 
without stint under the kind sky that bowed its arch 
a little lower to kiss them softly as they reddened or 
purpled or blued each day more deeply, as the hot sun. 




"The hearse was covered with massive wreaths of flowers.' 



tempered by the mountain breeze, nursed them rapidly 
from small to larger size. I will give no names. A 
girl could do that, but this boy, never. I saw a big 
bed of light blue blossoms on stems or bushes about 
six inches high. It was one great mass of faded blue, 
the odor from the flowers as rare as the variety. My ! 
how I breathed in that fragrance, there all alone at 
that bluish bed of unknown flowers. Large-leafed 
shrubs and strange palm trees, more shrub than tree, 
grew as if by accident in just the right place to add 
beauty and fitness to the park. 

On a higher hill I could see the towering Etna, one 



of the few remaining volcanoes of the earth. From 
its summit, or near it, came smoke and fire. During 
the night, coming into Palermo and again when leav- 
ing it, the fire from the summit of Etna could be seen. 
I had time to make the ascent, but my experience with 
\'esuvius. under so dangerous and toilsome conditions, 
had taken away any further desire to get closer to a 
crater. On my asking some Italians about the volcano, 
I understood them to say that the fire I had seen had 

come from some kind of 
furnace built in the higher 
slopes of the mountain. 
This did not dissuade me, 
however, from my opinion 
that the fire I saw was that 
which old Etna was vomit- 
ing up from its thickly- 
swollen neck. 

Overlooking the city and 
bay, the big park afforded 
me a choice spot for medi- 
tation. There were few 
visitors in the part where 
I chose to rest, so I lay 
back in the swelling arms 
of the easy bench and threw 
my arms loosely over the 
ends, my head resting 
against a thick-twigged tree 
as against a pillow. Prob- 
ably I dozed. How long 
I did not know, but the 
movements of some one be- 
hind me and the tree awoke 
me with a start. I knew 
And I knew that some 



was not right 



instinctively a 

one else was the cause of my wrong feeling. 

" The face ! " I said, hysterically. " It's the face." 
But how that freak followed me here and found me 
I cannot tell. All the way over I looked back and 
across to see if he followed from the small grove. 
There was almost no one else on the streets I used in 
coming here, for I was in the residence portion of the 
town, and these dwellers stay in usually through the 
heat of the day. This is the latter part of August. 

I was afraid to look around. I was afraid to get up. 
So I closed my eyes again and tried to make myself 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 19JJ. 



believe I had heard nothing. Then the tree itself bj- 
gan to quiver. Or was it my body that was shaking-. 
No, it was the tree, which now began to shake with 
decided movement. With positive assurance I now 
knew that the strange face with the weird expression 
of sinister motive was behind that tree and was riglit 
now, bending his body and craning his neck so as to 
catch sight of me. 

At once I arose, turned around and looked straight 
for the " face." Imagine the intensity of my pleased 
surprise to see standing there, with little arm raise 1 
about to throw a big red rose at me, a pretty lit !e 
girl with a silk parasol that lay gracefully on her le.t 
shoulder in the other hand. 

But I was not mistaken, I knew the face was b-ck 
there, too. So I started down the little circling pebble 
path, -and came up to the little one. 
Behind the tree, on the other side, 
now, stood the self-same man with 
long lank face and coarse features 
and yellowish white skin, his black 
eyes rolling about beneath that ]iecu- 
liarly wide brow, his hat too small 
for so big a head, propped on one 
side by tangled masses of black hair. 

I was too nervous to enjoy patting 
the soft, chubby hands of the dear 
child whom I would like to meet 
some day when her cultured mother 
is about ready to give her away. 

I left the park without speaking 
to the man and wondered why I 
had done so. 

At twelve, noon, the boat was to 
sail on the following day. Perhaps 
by that time I would have a better 
chance to meet the " face " face to 
face. 

The next morning a funeral pro- 
cession passed the hotel on its way 
to the cemetery. It was the most attractive and yet 
sensible I have seen in the distant lands. The black 
horses, drawing the hearse that resembled one of our 
own, were decorated with gay harness and the hearse 
was covered with massive wreaths of flowers, chiefly 
roses. Behind the hearse walked the friends or mem- 
bers of the order or church to which the deceased be- 
longed. 

I promised to tell the cause of the one trouble that 
Sicily suffers and keeps her from being an Eden. It 
is in Italian, — diboscamento, which means, deforesting, 
or wanton destruction of the forests and trees on a 
large scale. This is the great fault to be found with 
Sicily. .She has allowed her timber to be cut down 
without having trees planted in its stead. It is one 
great bleak, bare landscape one sees at the points at 
which I touched. I have read that the interior is as 



bad. With soil adapted to the growing of trees, with 
an eternal climate where the tree never halts its growth 
for six or seven months, as with us, with rainfall that 
would water them often if they were growing, the 
island could have been one splendid park that would 
attract thousands of tourists, leave money with her 
people and make for them a much more delightful life. 
The trees all taken away, the rain, too, passes by Sicily. 
For there are no condensers and rain producers like 
trees. These, retaining moisture, invite the summer 
showers. 

But Sicily cared only for- the present wealth. She 
allowed her few capitalists to rob her of her greatest 
natural asset. Now all the people — the masses espe- 
cially — must suffer for an age or for ages, the wanton 
"Teed of a few. The rich man of Sicih' can build a 




I stopped two boys with big baskets of the juiciest and most 
delicious of ripe flgs." 



palace and transplant trees and keep running the foun- 
tains to water his artificial grounds. 

But he who holds the clouds in his hands would 
give the poorest owner of a parcel of land a fountain 
every week from the clouds above. Breaking his laws 
in haste to get riches, our own Ainerica, just like 
Sicily, is threatened with absolute deforesting. Not 
only are the half-grown trees cut down, but the billions 
and billions of feet of slab timber refused by the 
trust, lie and rot or furnish fuel for the great forest 
fires that each autumn destroy whole counties and drive 
hundreds of families into the cold or take the lives of 
helpless people. 

Like the tobacco in the South, which is burned in 
order to increase the price, lumber kings care not how 
little they leave standing to grow up after them for 
the enrichment of other investors or for the comfort 



78 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



of. the humble people who need it, if only they them- 
selves may filch from the land the cream of her output 
and retire with wealth untold. To burn some of the 
tobacco is good. To burn all of it, would be better. 
But to burn the green lumber, and to wantonly give 
it away to these unrighteous grafters and then be com- 
pelled to buy it back again at a fabulous price to re- 
place the homes they are the cause of burning, is too 
much like turning the command of our Savior, " Be 
wise as serpents and hannless as doves," about, and 
have it read, " Be wise as doves and as harmless as 
serpents." 

Diboscamento is the crime of the Sicilian. Dibos- 
camento, — deforesting, is the present crime, or one of 
them, of the United States. Diboscamento! No rain- 
fall. Diboscamento! No crops. Diboscamento! No 
lakes or brooks or ponds, no flowers, no fruit. Cold 
winters and hot summers. Poor people and rich lords. 
A great big country and nothing in it. 

There should be planted along every roadway, on 
both sides of roads running north and south, and on 
the south side of those running east and west, fruit 
and ornamental trees. I would suggest that every 
other tree be a fruit tree, apple, plum or cherry. Fruit 
is essential to the highest health. It should be as 
plentiful as grain. The average family only tastes fruit 
as a delicacy. The best-ruled homes have it on the 
■table in some form for every meal, breakfast, dinner 
and supper. The juices of fruit, either green or 
canned, kill the disease microbe of most diseases. The 
greatest amount of sickness and the biggest number of 
fatalities are in the late spring months, the months 
when little or no green fruit and but little canned fruit 
is used by many people. 

I hope that some Lincoln will arise to give freedom, 
not to blacks, but to trees, and to cause to be planted 
along our public roads all kinds of ornamental and 
fruit-bearing trees. The fruit could be eaten by pass- 
ers-by and gathered for shipment to the city. Against 
the argument that it would not pay to ship fruit if it 
were so plentiful and if its growth were costing the 
grower so little, I have estimated that contrary to this 
supposition of no good market, there would be so much 
more general demand and constant use for fruit as to 
keep the price, while low, at such a figure as to make 
shipments more profitable than today with high prices. 
Men would make a business of gathering, storing, pre- 
serving and shipping this public-road fruit. Special 
cars would haul it to market, special tradesmen would 
handle it. They would handle great quantities of it, 
so great that a profit of one cent a bushel would mean 
a good living for them. As it is now, the dealer must 
realize ten to fifty cents a bushel or one to five cents a 
quart box. 

The ornamental trees could be of elm, oak, chest- 
nut, walnut, hickory nut, hard and soft maple, catalpa, 



poplar and others, so that thousands of acres of the 
richest land of the country might be bearing a crop of 
rain makers for the farmer's crops, and at the same 
time, producing riches in fruits, nuts and shade, as 
well as adding untold beauty to the landscape, and 
offering genial shade in summer for tired horses and 
warm drivers, and in winter breaking the wind and 
modifying the cold. The little care they would take 
after setting out is not sufficient to be offered as an 
argument against the scheme. The government her- 
self should undertake to have this done. 

The boat was to leave at noon. I took my lunch a 
little early and while eating at the hotel I glanced out 
toward the back yard. There was the same white- 
yellowish face. "Who is that?" I asked the waiter 
as I left the dining hall. 

" Oh ! " said he, laughing, " that fellow is a half- 
witted beggar that ' spots ' tourists for some money. 
He follows them everywhere and is quite harmless." 
And he laughed. 

I was glad to know he was only a half-witted beggar, 
for I neither believe in spooks nor am influenced, one 
way or another, by queer coincidences or antics of 
strangers. 

Hurrying towards the boat I stopped two boys with 
big baskets of the juiciest and most delicious of ripe 
figs that had just been pulled from the trees that grew 
out of the lava slopes of proud Mt. Etna. 

The price was low and I bought a big sackful for 
a few cents so as to have them while sailing. All I 
had to do was to carry them on to the boat as I walked 
out on the giant wall of stone and up the broad gang- 
plank, where I deposited them by my wheel and bag- 
gage on deck. 

Ten minutes later our boat, the dear old Lctimbro, 
was doing her best knots toward Crete. I laughed 
many times at the " face " and felt so sorry for his 
awful existence. 

An Rights Reserved. 

^v ^v ^3^ 

SONNET TO JANUARY. 

MARTHA SHEPARD LIPPINCOTT. 

Cold January! bleak month of the year! 
The month which two-faced Janus claimed his own. 
To backward look o'er passing year, just flown, 
And forward gaze into the one now here. 
For thee, unknown, new year, we hope and fear, 
We know not yet for what thy course is sown. 
Not whether good or evil fruit, be grown. 
And in thy winds, we know not what we hear, 
Yet, hear and feel thy piercing, north winds blow. 
The children all are filled with wild delight, 
When thy lips kiss and turn the rain to snow. 
And they arise to find earth dressed in white. 
To don thy bridal robe the wind did blow 
The fleecy snowflakes down to earth all night. 
Moorestown, N. J. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



79 



PASSING OF A UNIQUE CRAFT 

JOHN S. FERNALD 



In no line of human industry is the march of mod- 
ern progress more noticeable than in the business of 
those who " go down to the sea in ships." Within 
the memory of the present generation many models, 
rigs, methods and appliances of the seafaring life 
have passed into oblivion, and many others are rapid- 
ly passing. While the general change from sail to 
steam as a motive power is read and known of all 
men, there are many specific changes that are not 
generally known, but which possess more than or- 
dinary interest. 

The sailing: vessel, while beins: crowded out of 




Pinky Maine. 

many lines by steam-propelled craft, is still largely in 
•evidence, and will continue to be so for many years 
to come. She can no more be wholly superseded by 
her powerful rival than the horse can be exterminated 
by the trolley car and -the automobile. The sail- 
ing vessel and the horse have uses for which they 
will be in demand as long as man shall have domin- 
ion over the earth. But in the construction and han- 
dling of vessels improvement is the order of the day ; 
or rather improvement along some lines, but at the 
■expense of some good, reliable, old-fashioned quali- 
ties. 

Prominent among the types of vessels once numer- 
ous on the Atlantic Ocean, but now rapidly approach- 
ing extinction, is the little fishing vessel known as 



the pinky. On account of her peculiar build the 
pinky was always in a class by herself, and now 
as her numbers become few she attracts attention 
even among seafaring men wherever she appears. 
The pinky, instead of having a stern square or nearly 
so is even sharper aft than forward. She has no 
" transoms," the timbers on which the square or 
curved stern of others vessels is built, but the out- 
board planking is fastened directly to the sternpost 
from keel to deck. This makes the stern pointed, 
and the appearance is accentuated by the rail, which 
is extended aft and turned sharply upward beyond 
the sternpost, leaving a double tri- 
angular opening through which 
the rudder head comes above the 
deck. This permits of the rudder 
being hung wholly outside the 
hull, and does away with much 
calking needed where the rudder 
passes through the hull. The 
apex of the extended rail, or 
" pink," as it is called, is finished 
with a rest in which the main 
boom rests when the sail is furled. 
The bows are full and the stern 
pointed, the widest part of the ves- 
sel being abreast the foremast, 
which stands somewhat nearer the 
bow than in ordinary schooners. 
The pinky is narrower and deeper 
in proportion to her length than 
ordinary vessels, as will be seen by 
a comparison of the principal di- 
mensions in feet and tenths, of 
two Maine vessels, each a fair 
type of her class: 



Vessel. 

Pinky Maine, '. 46.4 

Schooner Mary Eliza, 46.0 



Length. Breadth. Depth. 
13.6 6.6 

17.5 4.6 



These dimensions are from the U. S. Government's 
iist of merchant vessels, and the measurements are 
taken inside the hold. The Maine, with a registered 
depth of 6.6 feet, " draws " 9 feet of water, requir- 
ing the same depth of channel in which to float as the 
2,000-ton passenger steamers plying along the New 
England coast. 

But in her day and generation the pinky was deserv- 
edly popular with fishermen, being staunch and serv- 
iceable, and a great carrier in proportion to her 
tomiage. What she lacked in speed she made up in 
seagoing qualities, and often made quicker trips 



80 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



than her more pretentious rivals on "account of her 
ability to face \\eathcr conditions that others dare 
not. 

MINNESOTA'S SOLUTION OF CONGESTION 

IN CITIES. 
For a large city, St. Paul, Minn., is singularly free 
from congested districts of poor people. With the ex- 
ception of the requirements for the satisfaction of that 
never-ending string of cases of temporary poverty, 
there is no large need in this city for the comprehensive 
organization found necessary in other cities. Tlie 
secret of this beneficent state of affairs is found, prob- 
ably, in the prosperous condition of the farming 
regions and the cooperation in a financial and social 
way of the people of the small towns. Thus, without 
knowing it, Minnesota has solved the problem of 
dependence in large cities and has attained that for 
which New York has been seeking in a blind way 
for half a century. 

At the twenty-fifth anniversary of the foundin;T 
of the Charity Organization Society of New York, 
the best organized charitable institution in the country, 
Mrs. Florence Kelly, a veteran in settlement and char- 
ity work, ruthlessly broke away from the verbal con- 
diments in which other speakers indulged, and told 
the society that it had been spending its energy at- 
tempting to stem the tide with a broom. She declared 
that there is relatively more poverty, more depend- 
ence, and more crowding in New York now than a 
quarter of a century ago. The congested districts 
are not only larger but more densely populated. She 
said that the effort of the society should be directed 
primarily at the country', and while the city relief should 
be continued, the attention of the workers should be de- 
voted to making life in the country more enjoyable 
in order that those now there should remain and 
others be attracted away from the city. 

Expanding this idea in the New York Independent, 
N. O. Nelson of St. Louis suggests that charity 
workers take up their residence in the country and 
help organize social activities to make life so attract- 
ive as to overcome the appeal of the cash wages 
in the city. This has been accomplished in large part 
in Minnesota by the natural incentive of the residents 
of the farming districts. The development of the 
dairying industry and the erection of cooperative 
creameries has been a large factor in this sociological 
movement. The dairying business has raised farmers 
from the rank of mortgagors to that of bank deposi- 
tors. Diversity of employment has been introduced 
by the creameries and has had not a little to do with 
compelling an inhibition of the tendency to seek vague 
fortunes in a different environment. .Another force 
for good in holding young people to the farm, where, 
in general, their greatest happiness lies, is the union 
of school districts, and the formation of a social and 



intellectual center about the village school, Lewiston, 
Winona County, has progressed fartlier in this line 
than any other town. Four school districts were 
amalgamated and the pupils are transported from 
their homes to the school, where a larger building 
and better instruction are possible. The development 
of a library, musical and intellectual entertainments 
follow in time, and there is something besides the mo- 
notonous drudgery of farm work for the young peo- 
ple. 

Minnesota people are thus teaching themselves 
what Mr. Nelson would have the trained workers 
of the Charity Organization Society teach the people 
of the Eastern States. The enlarged financial advan- 
tages derived from- improved methods of agriculture, 
with the concomitant of better means of communi- 
cation and the development of that stimulus of the 
mind which springs from mutual pleasures, promise 
to prove sufficient to keep the young people of Min- 
nesota at their homes on farms and in villages, un- 
til the city calls directly for their services. — St. Paul 
Pioneer Press. 

<,5* ti?* t(5* 

JAPAN'S GREAT SEA WEALTH. 

Owi.\G to its geographical position, the direction of 
the ocean currents in its vicinity, and the numerous 
and well-protected harbors along the various coasts 
of Japan, it is not surprising that a large number of 
the population, almost 10 per cent, say 5.000,000, are 
actively engaged in or depending on the ocean for a 
livelihood, and that the value of the fish and other 
aquatic animals and marine products annually taken 
from the sea amounts to over $50,000,000. 

E. J. King, United States consular agent at Hako- 
date, writes that after the introduction of steam ves- 
sels and the consequent improvements in communi- 
cation and a constantly growing demand from abroad 
for Japanese fishery products, it was but natural that 
the industry should rapidly increase : in fact, the value 
of the fishery products during the past ten years has 
nearly doubled. The government realizes the impor- 
tance of the industry and is doing everything possible 
to improve the condition of the people engaged there- 
in. 

The bulk of the industry, however, is carried on in 
native-built boats, and the muuber of these is enor- 
mous. According to the latest statistics available, 
those for 1906, there were actively employed during 
that year 295,004 boats under eighteen feet in length, 
106,803 boats from eighteen to thirty feet in length, 
.ind 24,622 boats over thirty feet in length. During 
the same year there were employed seventv-four 
steamers, ten of which were newly constructed, and 
359 foreign style sailing vessels, of which eighty-three 
\' ere newly constructed. 

The statistics give the number of vessels lost. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



81 



wrecked and missing during the year at 949, and the 
number of hves lost at 1,230. These latter figures 
may cause surprise, but to anyone living in Japan and 
knowing the frail nature of many of the fishing boats, 
and also taking into consideration the number of peo- 
ple engaged in the industry, together, with the fre- 
quent reports of where fleets have been' overtaken by 
sudden storms, it is astonishing tliat the loss of life 
should be as small as given in the government sta- 
tistics. — Nezv York Post. 

i^ t^ t?» 

CURIOSITIES IN SHOES. 

There is no article of dress in which more strik- 
ing changes have been made in various ages than 
the covering of the feet. For a long time boots and 
shoes seemed to be the special field in which the 
whims of fashion manifested themselves. Coverings 
for feet must have been among the earliest articles of 
dress. 

The primitive form of foot covering was the san- 
dal, which was simply a flat sole under the foot and 
secured to it by a thong. These were made of a 
great variety of materials. The Egyptians used palm 
leaves and leather, while the Hebrews preferred linen 
or even wood. Some didn't make any objection to 
brass and iron, and a few who could afford it took 
gold and employed it in making sandals. 

Like the sandal, the shoe grew out of physical con- 
ditions, the fundamental purpose of it being pro- 
tection for the whole foot. Among the early Greeks 
and Romans shoes were not common, but the wearing 
of them once established an endless variety arose — 
law and fashion dictating special styles and finish for 
the several social ranks and classes. 

A single hide, slit and looped into a purse-like pouch 
by a thong run through it, seems to have been the 
primitive form of the shoe in Great Britain. 

Boots and shoes became common in Europe be- 
tween the ninth and sixteenth centuries, and the fan- 
tastic forms which they assumed and the laws in re- 
straint of them, show the prominent place they had 
come to occupy in the wardrobe and fashions of the 
day. 

Among the shoes that were worn in the past an 
interesting specimen is the knightly footgear. This 
helped men fight when fighting was uppermost in the 
men's minds. It reached its most frightful form in 
the middle half of the fourteenth century, and the 
long horn on the shoes served men as spurs served 
fighting cocks. They were given a keen point, and 
if it came into contact with the body of an antagonist 
it had the same effect as a spear. 

These battlepieces did as much to frighten away 
the enemy as they did to destroy him and, since in war 
as in peace prevention is better than cure, the shoe 
of the fourteenth century played an important part in 
history and warfare. 



The shoes worn by the original inhabitants of 
the British Isles are said to have been made of raw 
cowhide, having _the- hair turned outward and coming 
up as high as the ankles. 

The Germans wore a shoe made like that of the 
Saxons, open over the instep to the toe, and both 
these people as well as the French ornamented their 
shoes with studs. 

From these old styles, long since neglected, in many 
instances long since forgotten, have modern shoe- 
makers drawn their, models. 

With us, of the civilized world, shoes have taken 
on a mighty progress in the way of making them, but 
in their shapes, for the shapes ever touch on some 
original style, and the original style was introduced in 
the days when ancient history was being made. 

In many parts of the world no progress has been 
made. Today men and women are wearing shoes as 
the ancients wore them, and doing no more to become 
progressive in the art. 

In India the lower classes are wearing probably the 
oddest shoe in the world, being a flat block with a 
large knob, which slips between the first and second 
toes. They are so skilled in wearing these that they 
are able to keep them on and walk or run with great 
speed. 

Although the poorer classes in Japan and China 
still wear the sandal and clog, among the wealthier 
and aristocratic people of the two countries shoes are 
preferred. These are being imported mostly from 
the United States. 

In many parts of France wooden shoes are still 
worn. In France may be seen many outdoor shoe 
factories. These Breton peasants work all day in the 
forests on heavy wooden sabots, the men doing the 
heavier part of the work while the finishing touches 
are placed on by the women. 

There are many relics to tell the history of the 
shoe and boot. Many men and women have collec- 
tions, some of them worth fortunes, showing what 
kind of footwear our ancestors were supplied with. 
And all through these specimens is evident the one 
fact that the people of modern times have done little, 
if anything to speak of. in the way of introducing 
new fads in the shoe market. 

The clogs that the Indians wear today were worn 
centuries ago. The Chinese and Japanese have worn 
sandals for hundreds of years ; ladies wore what are 
now known as French heel slippers, a few centuries 
back; gentleman of the old world wore pumps in 
1800, and long before Mary, Queen of Scots, wore a 
slipper that corresponds exactly to the house slipper 
worn by women today, and sold in any shoe house 
today ; the sandals worn by children are patterned 
exactly after those worn by Greek and Roman 
and Gaul away back when they were shedding blood 
and making history at a terrific rate. — Exchange. 



82 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



Nature Studies 




THE WORLD OF NATURE. 

JOHN H. XOWLAX. 

Do the Bible and Science Agree? 

How often do we hear the infidel base his argument 
against the verity of the Bible on the apparent discord 
between it and the revealed truths of science. 

Like their great teacher, Tom Paine, they want to 
find a reason for all things and when they cannot rea- 
son it out discard it as untrue. 

To all such say, " If you are an earnest seeker after 
truth, read the book of nature." God's laws never 
change, and nature is only the visible operation of 
those laws. 

A fact is incontrovertible. It does not admit of 
argument. Our knowledge does not change the rela- 
tion of the fact to us, only our relation to it. For illus- 
tration, it is a fact that fire will burn even though the 
child is not aware of the truth. 

The relation of the fire has not been changed, but 
the child learns to avoid the fire because of the change 
of his relation to it. 

However much we may believe or disbelieve a fact, 
our opinion does not change the truth. 

Galileo was compelled to brand as heresy his belief 
that the world revolves around the sun. At the same 
moment the cardinals were demanding his recantation 
they were whirling through space in obedience to na- 
ture's laws. 

" And Nature, the old nurse, took 
The child upon her knee. 
And said ' Here is a story book 
Thy Father hath written for thee.' " 

The book of nature points to, but does not go back 
to, the beginning. Just as the human race had a 
history before the invention of .writing, so also nature 
was at work before any records in her book were made. 

When inan attempts to track nature to her lair he is 
met by the question, " Where wast thou when I laid 
the foundation of the earth? " (Job. 38 : 4.) " Know- 
est thou it, because thou wast then born? or because 
the number of thy days is great? " (Job. 38: 21.) 

As God said to the sea in the aeons long past, thus 
says he today to man, " Hitherto shalt thou come but 
no further." (Job 38: 11.) 

But back in the dim ages of the past there was a 



man, not a philosopher, not a poet, not a dreamer, but 
a meek shepherd who had a power of vision beyond the 
ken of common mortals that he was able to look into 
the future and tell what is to be ; and to read the story 
of the past and tell what has been. 

" In the beginning God created heaven and earth." 
In the description following this statement he relates 
facts that men have recently proven from the great 
book of nature. 

The claim is often made that the Bible is untrue be- 
cause the time assigned to the creation is too small. 
Let us see. First, the Bible is not intended to be a 
textbook on science, and the account of the creation 
is only introductory history. 

" In the beginning the earth was without form and 
void." This condition coincides with the azoic period 
during which geology teaches the earth to have been 
destitute of organic life. 

During this period light appeared. What light ? We 
do not know, but it certainly was not the sun for it 
was not created till later. What furnished the light of 
those sunless days? 

The old philosophers sought an answer to the ques- 
tion of the origin of the earth. Aristotle said it was 
eternal ; Plato said it had a mother ; Moses simply says 
it was the production of one God and that he did it in 
six days. 

What does this mean? The word in the original 
which was translated " day " means a distinct period 
of time, but not necessarily what we call a day. 

God is unchangeable and so are his laws. The very 
laws that are in operation in the natural world today 
have been in force from the beginning. Today they 
are changing the earth ; then they were forming it. 
Slowly, yea, exceeding slowly, these forces have been 
and are yet at work. 

Water has been one of the chief agents of nature. 
Bare, grim, and uninviting the first rocks rose above 
the primeval sea to be slowly ground down and spread 
over- the ocean's bed. Settling in layers it entombed all 
life that chanced to be borne to it and preserved it not 
only for us but perhaps many ages hence. 

That huge monster picture in the Inglenook some 
time ago was taken from the stratum formed by the 
age in which he lived. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



83 



Along with him were buried other forms both ani- 
mal and vegetable and from their preserved forms we 
may learn the story of his time. 

And what a tale he tells! He tells of animals so 
monstrous that our largest living species are small and 
insignificant in comparison. He tells of continents and 
seas, of rivers and lakes, of plants and animals as they 
appeared upon that ancient earth. 

Here may be read the history of life as it was in 
the ages long gone. If we read it not, the fault is 
in the reader and not in the record. 

Today nature is at work just the same as in the 
past, and the forms she is now interring may be 
exhumed in some future age to convince some doubter 
of that day. ' 

We need not tax credulity. We need not think of 
a Creator who fashioned a work and then abandoned 
it forever. Let us judge what was done in the past 
by what is being done today. 

Moses merely gives us an account of the laying of 
the cornerstone of this mighty geological structure, 
and of some of the succeeding stories. Today we are 
erecting the top story on which, perhaps, other ages 
will build, adding not to the glory of the creator, but 
to the glory of his work. 

When you read this do not say, " That cannot be, 
for my Bible says the world was created in six days 
of twenty-four hours each." " Let God be true, though 
every man a liar." 

Friend, the trouble is not in the record. " Thou 
hast not read thy Bible aright." 

Mulberry Grove, III. 

i^S <5* (,?• 

PETTING A HORSE. 

" Not many people know how to pet a horse, from 
the horse's standpoint, at any rate," said a trainer. 
" Every nice-looking horse comes in for a good deal 
of petting. Hitch a fine horse close to the curb and 
you'll find that half the men, women and children who 
go by will stop for a minute, say ' Nice horsy,' and 
give him an afifectionate pat or two. 

" The trouble is they don't pat him in the right 
place. If you want to make a horse think he is going 
straight to heaven hitched to a New York cab or 
delivery wagon, rub over his eyes. Next to that form 
of endearment a horse likes to be rubbed right up 
between the ears. In petting horses most people slight 
those nerve centers. They stroke the horse's nose. 
While a well behaved horse will accept the nasal caress 
complacently, he would much prefer that nice, soothing 
touch applied to the eyelids. Once in a while a person 
comes along who really does know how to pet a horse. 
Nine times out of ten that man was brought up in the 
country among horses and learned when a boy their 
peculiar ways." — New York Globe. 



HIRAM POWERS, THE GREAT AMERICAN 
SCULPTOR. 

" I HAD [at Florence] one memorable conversation 
with the distinguished American sculptor, Hiram 
Powers, in which he expressed his firm conviction that 
the great need of our country zvas more education of 
the heart. 

" 'Educate the hearts of the people,' said he. 
" 'Giz'c in your schools rezvards to the good boys, not 
to the smart ones. 

God gives the intellect-^the boy should not be re- 
zvarded for that. 

" "The great danger of our country is from its smart 
men. Educate the heart. Educate the heart. Let us 
have good men.' 

" These were the words of that old man eloquent, 
with an eye like an eagle's and a face full of sunshine." 
— Our Dumb Animals. 

(i?* &?• «t?* 

BIRDS AND THEIR FOOD. 

Chipping and song .sparrow: Injurious insects 
in summer ; seeds of noxious weeds in spring and fall. 

Rose-crested grosbeak: Colorado potato beetle and 
other injurious insects. 

House wren: Beetles, grasshoppers, bugs, cater- 
pillars and spiders form its entire food. 

Chickadee: Minute insects (bark lice) and insect 
eggs. 

Robin : Beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, and wild 
fruit. 

Bluebird : About twenty-five per cent grasshoppers,, 
with many caterpillars and spiders. — Exchange. 

"About 2,500 acres have been planted to forest crops 
in the six New England States this year by private 
citi::c)is. This has been done on abandoned farms,^ 
which still comprise 10 per cent of the total area of 
Massachusetts, while even little Rhode Island has 228 
abandoned farms. One owner in Massachusetts, who 
started a white pine plantation of 65 acres this year> 
expects to plant 50 acres annually for the next ten 
years. White pine is, of course, the species most gen- 
erally planted, but other species which are being used 
more and more are Norway spruce, for timber and 
pulpwood ; chestnut, for telegraph poles, posts, ties,, 
and lumber; red oak, for piles and ties; black locust, 
for fence posts; and sugar maple for a variety of 
products." 

tiJw %3^ ti?* 

If I had my way I would build at least one warship- 
less a year and with the five million dollars saved I 
would establish one thousand schools of agriculture. — ■ 
James J. Hill. 



J^4 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



THE INGLENOOK 

A Weekly Magazine 

PUBLISHED BY 

Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Ilunois 

Subscription Price, One Dollar per Annum, in Advance 

The Inglenook stands for material and spiritual progress. 

Its purpose is to safeguard home life by supplanting and 
counteracting bad literature. To carry out this purpose a 
strong effort is made to develop the latent talent of the con- 
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Liberal commission given to agents. Sample copies are 
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Watch the label on your paper. It gives the date of the 
expiration of your subscription. Renew promptly. 

Entered at the PostofTice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

THE GREAT LEVELER. 

With all our endeavors, through government ac- 
tion and society's efforts, to bring people on a common 
level, recognizing no distinction but that of good- 
ness, we have accomplished little. Evidently we have 
not gone about the task in the right way, — have not 
used the right means or argument, — for it has been 
proven again and again that people can be brought 
together on the same plane. As proof that cannot be 
controverted we point to the scenes that are now being 
enacted in Southern Italy in the relief work for the 
earthquake victims. 

From the first the King and Queen of Italy have 
taken an active part in the rescue work. " The 
Queen attended to hundreds of wounded on one of the 
battle ships and assisted one of the royal doctors in 
performing a number of operations. Her majesty 
was assisted in her labors by women and girls of the 
people who had escaped." Many women of the aris- 
tocracy, following the Queen's example, have become 
nurses. Fifteen hundred wounded from Messina and 
Reggio, upon their arrival in Rome, were taken to 
the hospital belonging to the Vatican. The Pope, in 
Tiis desire to bring consolation to these sufferers, en- 
tered the hospital which stands on Italian ground, be- 
yond the area which, under the law, is considered 
papal territory. 

And so the great leveler, distress, has gone on, 
"breaking down walls before which governments have 
stood powerless. The cry of suffering has found its 
way into hearts that were adamant to the appeals of 
reason. Lily-handed aristocrat and horny-handed 
toiler work side by side to relieve the distress of 
their brother, and the flimsy, unreasonable distinctions 
of class are reckoned at their true value, which is 
^ero, while the lives of all are broadened and deep- 
ened as they grasp, with some degree of understand- 
ing, the idea of the universal brotherhood of man. 



But cannot these noble heights be gained except 
at this awful cost? We do not know. We know that 
their attainment is of the greatest importance to us, 
and we know that anything of great worth is secured 
only at great cost. The kingdom of God must be 
established. And if the principles of this kingdom 
do not find their way into the hearts and lives of the 
people as quickly as they should through the peace- 
able and quiet agents set to work by the Son, then it 
may be necessary to let the forces of nature help. 

And, too, our puny minds cannot reckon the real 
effect of a disaster such as the recent earthquake. 
Perhaps the good will largely predominate. Per- 
haps it will have no appreciable influence one way 
or another. We know that to the compassionate One 
who looks out upon this little sphere from the throne 
of eternity it can hardly be a matter of the greatest 
importance if our little houses crumble down and our 
existence here is cut short by a few moments of time. 
Perhaps the most important thing to him in the dis- 
aster, and surely the most important to us, is how we 
are taking it to heart, to what extent it has awakened 
the fraternal feeling and how far it will go toward 
helping us to " watch " ! 

.< ji ■•* 
~ SOLVING THE INDUSTRIAL PROBLEM. 

Long years ago, before the time of inventions ami 
modern improvements, the capitalist was the laborer 
and the laborer the capitalist. But with the coming of 
inventions and close competition a new order arose. 
The laborer was not always able to own his tools and 
material and so the man with money supplied them 
and bought the laborer's time. And so came about 
our present system, — the source of the discontent and 
complaints in the working world today. 

While there are very few laborers that would want 
to go back to the " good old times," they are clearly 
justified in believing that there is a better way than 
the present one. The better way, however, must be 
just and fair to both sides — a point the labor organ- 
izations, following the capitalists' example, have been 
slow to concede. But the way is sure to be found, 
since it is being sought so earnestly by many fair- 
minded men of both classes. 

Reason, backed by a few successful experiments, 
argues that the profit-sharing idea must enter largely 
into the plan that is to bring peace between labor 
and capitalist and prosperity to both alike. Andrew 
Carnegie, the great capitalist, believes that the labor 
problem is to be solved in this way. He writes on 
the subject in the January number of World's Work. 
and what he says is of such unusual and general in- 
terest that we quote several paragraphs from the 
article. 

" In the future labor is to rise still higher. The 
joint stock form opens the door to the participation 
of labor as shareholder in every branch of business. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



85 



In this, the writer believes, lies the final and endur- 
ing solution of the labor question. Nothing can stand 
against the direct management of owners. We are 
only pioneers whose duty is to start the movement, 
leaving to our successors its full and free develop- 
ment as human society advances. 

"Just as the mechanical world has changed and im- 
proved, so the world of labor has advanced from the 
slavery of the laborer to the day of his absolute in- 
dependence and now to this day, when he begins to 
take his proper place as the capitalist-partner of his 
employer. We may look forward with hope to the 
day when it shall be the rule for the workman to be 
partner with capital, the man of afifairs giving his 
business experience, the workingman in the mill his 
mechanical skill, to the company, both owners of the 
shares and so far equally interested in the success of 
their joint efforts, each indispensable, so that without 
their cooperation success would be impossible. 

" The huge combination, and even the moderate cor- 
poration, has no chance in competition with the part- 
nership which embraces the principal officials and has 
adopted the system of payment by bonus or reward 
throughout its work. The latter may be relied upon, 
as a rule, to earn handsome dividends in times of de- 
pression, during which the former, conducted upon 
the old plan, will incur actual loss and perhaps land 
in financial embarrassment." 

In proof of this statement he points to the Filene 
stores of Boston which, he says, " has gone farthest 
of all in the direction of making its employes share- 
holders. The establishment employs seven to nine 
hundred men, the capital stock is held only by em- 
ployes, and is returned to the corporation at its value 
should the employe leave the service. Every share 
of stock belongs to some one working in the stores. 
The most important advance, is that all questions are 
submitted to arbitration, not only complaints or dis- 
putes, but wages, scope of work and tenure of employ- 
ment. More than four hundred cases of arbitration 
have arisen, and the result is that both managers and 
employes have been satisfied that this is the true plan. 
When an employe is discharged he has the right to 
appeal to an arbitration board composed of fellow 
employes of different grades." 

Concluding, Mr. Carnegie says : " Whether the 
communist's ideal is to be finally reached upon earth, 
after man is so changed that self-interest, which is 
now the mainspring of human action, will give place 
to heavenly neighbor interest, cannot be known. The 
future has not been revealed. He who says yes, and 
he who says no, are equally foolhardly. Neither 
knows, therefore neither should presume to consider, 
much less to legislate in their day, for a future they 
can know nothing of. The writer, however, believes 
one point to be clear — namely, that the ne.xt step to- 
ward improved labor conditions is through the stage 



of shareholding in the industrial world, the work- 
man becoming joint owner in the profits of the labor. 
Payment to slaves and serfs by providing shelter 
and food and clothing for them, then by orders on the 
stores for articles up to payment by cash to independ- 
ent workmen today, each a great step forward, have 
all been tried, and now the coming day dawns when 
payment is to be made wholly or in part by profit- 
sharing, the workman having the status of the share- 
owning official and a voice in management as joint 
owner. He will be guaranteed a mininnun wage, 
when finally paid by profits entirely, to keep his mind 
easy and free for his work, the proper support of 
himself and his family being thus insured." 

There will no doubt be many difficulties to over- 
come and many blunders made in trying to find the 
best plan by which this principle may be carried out, 
but we believe that it points to a fair settlement of the 
question. However there can be no satisfactory solu- 
tion of this or any other problem in the social or busi- 
ness world until men have a greater experimental 
knowledge of the golden rule than they appear to have 
now. Justice in full measure will bring us no real 
enjoyment until we know that it is accorded to our 
fellowman in the same degree. 

^ .»( Jt 

JUST FOR A LITTLE WHILE. 

I'd like to be a boy again, 

Just for a day or two. 
I'd like to roam through the old home ways, 

Just as I used to do. 
Over the hills and far away. 

Wandering mile on mile, 
'Neath a sky as blue as it use to be — 

Just for a little while. 

I'd like to mingle with chums of old, 

Just for a day or two. 
. Whistling the hours of day away, 

Just as I used to do. 
Over the fields and through the lane, 

Down to the old, worn stile. 
Hearing the " Whip-poor-Will's " shrill cry, 

Just for a little while. 

I'd like to fish in the clear, cold creek. 

Just for a day or two. 
Watching the cork as it sinks from sight, 

Just as I used to do. 
Over the bridge and through the woods. 

Marching in single file. 
Searching with chums for big nut trees, 

Just for a little while. 

I'd like to rest 'neath the old home roof. 

Just for a day or two. 
Dreaming dreams of the days to come. 

Just as I used to do. 
Over the ashes of yesterdays, 

Sitting I dream and smile; 
Wishing that time would take me back. 

Just for a little while. 

— ^The Commoner. 



86 



THE INGLENOOK.— Jaiuiary 26, 1909. 




The Home World 



THE BOY PROBLEM 

CLARA NORTH RULEY 



Every mother who has brought children into the 
world is confronted with two problems that will 
take a lifetime to solve. The " boy " problem and 
the " girl " problem. They cannot be evaded. We 
are responsible for their existence and therefore the 
world looks to us for their solution. 

The boy if taken rightly is a most amenable being. 
He reasons instinctively. It is a part of his faculties, 
this reasoning power, and in that power we mothers 
have a strong ally. Besides that, if he is at all the 
right sort of a boy he possesses chivalry. In its crud- 
est form no doubt and not always in evidence, but 
it is there nevertheless, and can be found and de- 
veloped if looked for. 

From their earliest years boys should be taught 
to be thoughtful of their mothers and sisters. It 
is indeed an unfortunate boy who has no sister. He 
should wait on them in ways that only boys know and 
should protect them because they belong to the weaker 
sex. The boy who sees the woodbox is always 
full, who dusts the rugs, moves the furniture on 
sweeping days and does all this with a cheerful will- 
ingness has already spelled the word " success." For 
such boys are in demand the world over. They are 
the ones in after life who always can find a " job." 

Teach a boy to be " square." The golden rule 
invariably appeals to his sense of justice. " Do unto 
others as you would have them do unto you," makes 
for them a condition of things in which no one loses 
out. A boy I once knew had shirked his work in 
the garden and his mother wished him to do it over. 
The youngster dominated for the moment by an evil 
spirit, objected to what, down in his heart, he knew 
to be just, but the mother conquered him after this 
manner : " My boy, last week when I made your shirt 
waist I made the sleeves wrong. I did my best, but 
I didn't know how boys had their cuffs made nowa- 
days and they did not suit you. So I changed them. 
It took the better part of an afternoon but I counted 



it a little thing to do for you. It was my duty to 
please you in the matter of shirt sleeves as it is your 
duty to please me in the matter of hoeing the garden." 
After a moment's struggle the boy's face cleared 
and he made for the garden with such industry that 
when night came there was not a weed in evidence 
worth speaking of. 

Mothers should never demand impossibilities but 
then they should insist on the fulfillment of what they 
do demand. That makes one's word good at all 
times. Not long since I heard a loving mother tell 
her small son, who was a degree too insistent about 
a matter, and so had gotten on his mother's nerves, 
that she would throw him down the stairs if he didn't 
keep still. He knew she would not keep her word and 
she knew it perhaps better than he did. As his demands 
kept up, she finally told him that when he awakened 
in the morning he wouldn't have any mama, she was 
going away and never come back. He replied care- 
lessly, " Oh, you'll come back all right." It is perhaps 
unneccessary to add that he got what he wanted, 
which was not at all good for him. 

.^s we care for our sons in their infancy, we look 
into the dim future and we always see them as good 
men. But, alas, some mothers' sons fail to come up to 
the standard. Witness our crowded jails and alms- 
houses. Something brought those poor unfortunates 
to such a state, and sorrowful indeed is the mother 
who must admit in her heart that her selfish, injudi- 
cious afl^ection has been the means of making a failure 
for the one for whom she most coveted success. 

When a boy begins to earn anything he should be 
made to have certain responsibilities in the spending 
of it. If he is earning a regular amount each week 
of any reasonable size he should pay board. Not 
so much, perhaps, for what the money will actually 
buy but so he will know that it takes something to 
live. That boy makes the poorest sort of a husband 
who has boarded at home and has never realized that 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



87 



food costs money. It is his type who develops into the 
carping, fault-finding man who can't understand 
" how it takes so much for two to live when I always 
was able to have plenty of spending money before I 
married." Of course he did because his jxior old 
father fed him and his mother washed and mended for 
him. so he was utterly without responsibility. 

Nearly all boys have a period of deep religious feel- 
ing in their early youth and after that in a majority 
of cases comes a reaction. It is then our son needs 
all the reason, all the chivalry his early years of train- 
ing have given him if he becomes a man in the truest 
sense of the word, for it is there his greatest danger 
lies. He is getting out from under our care as he 
must of neccessity some day. In other words, he is 
learning to stand alone in this big universe and we 
cannot help him except as we have prepared him in 
earHer years. Then latei' religion comes to mean 
much to him, a veritable wall to protect him from 
the assaults of the enemy. 

There comes a time all mothers dread. The time 
when our boys are attracted by the opposite sex. 
Well it is for them, then, if they have lived lives of 
reason and sanity, for their future as well as others', 
may be made or marred by their course. The golden 
rule, changed to fit the case, is perhaps the best guide 
at this crucial time, " Treat all girls as you would 
have the other fellows treat your sister." This is 
truly an infallible test, and the boy who conscien- 
tiously follows this rule has become a man indeed. 

ijv (^v (^S 

YOUR MOTHER. 

The average boy is devoted to his mother, but at 
the same time careless with respect to her wish. He 
does not realize just how much she means to him be- 
cause she is always on hand to help in every duty and 
difficulty. Now and then he wakes up to see just 
how much she means to him. Sometimes this awaken- 
ing is too late — when she is gone out of his presence 
into the night of death. How much she meant to him 
is well brought out in the following poem, copied from 
the Toronto Globe. It is called "Left Alone": 

It's the lonesomest house you ever saw, 
This big gray house where I stay — 

I don't call it livin', at all, at all. 
Since my mother went away. 

Four long weeks ago, an' it seems a year; 

" Gone home," so the preacher said — 
An' I ache in my breast with wantin' her, 

.^n' my eyes are always red. 

I stay out of doors till I'm almost froze, 

'Cause every corner an' room 
Seems empty enough to frighten a boy, 

An' filled to the doors with gloom. 

I hate them to call me in to my meals; 

Sometimes I think I can't bear 
To swallow a mouthful of anythin' 

And her not sitting up there 



A-pourin' the tea, an' passin' the things, 

An' laughin' to see me take 
Two big lumps of sugar instead of one, 

An' more than my share of cake. 

There's no one to go to when things go wrong; 

She was always safe and sure. 
Why, not a trouble could tackle a boy 

That she couldn't up an' cure. 

I'm too big to be kissed, I used to say, 
But somehow I don't feel right, 

Crawlin' into bed as still as a mouse- 
Nobody sayin' good night, 

An' tuckin' the clothes up under my chin, 

An' pushin' my hair back so— 
Things a boy makes fun of before his chums, 

But things that he likes, you know. 

I can't make it out for the life of me 

Why she should have to go, 
An' her boy left here in this gray old house, 

A-needin' an' wantin' her so. 

There are lots of women, it seem to me. 
That wouldn't be missed so much 

Women whose boys are about grown up, 
An' old maid aunties an' such. 

I tell you, the very lonesomest thing 

In this great big world today 
Is a boy of ten whose heart is broke 

'Cause his mother is gone away. 

— The Mennonite. 

t3* «^ (^ 

AN INHERITANCE. 

" I JUST can't help it," said Alice, impatiently. " I 
get my high temper straight from grandfather, and 
my blues from mother's side of the house. When 
a thing's born in you in that way, what are you '^o- 
ingtodo?" "^ 

" Well." said Mrs. Wharton, thoughtfully, " I should 
say that you could do one of two things'. The first 
IS to carry out your inherited tendencies, one by one, 
to their logical conclusions—to be just as angrv and 
just as cross and depressed as you feel like being, be- 
cause your grandfather and your mother's side of the 
iiouse have had those faults before you." 

" Oh, I don't exactly mean that ! " cried Alice, 
rather startled. 

" Still, that is really what you might logically do; 
especially if, as you said, you couldn't help doing it! 
The other way. though, I must confess, always seems 
to me the more reasonable one for a sane and respon- 
sible human being. That is, having a.scertained your 
ancestral traits— the good as welt as the bad— to go 
to work to shape out of them the character that you 
want. Of course, there will be some places rather 
hard to work into shape, but, knowing your material, 
after all, gives you a great advantage." 

" Grandfather's temper an advantage ! " cried Alice. 
" I never looked at it in that light, Mrs. Wharton." 

" Your grandfather was a man of strong will and 
great energy. I have always heard," said Mrs. 



88 



THE INGLEiSIOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



Wharton. " Those quahties often go with a high 
temper. Suppose you fix your mind upon shaping 
a strong character out of your inherited temper. It 
will take thought and time^ and prayer, but it can be 
done, as dozens of people will tell you who have ac- 
complished it. Take your Cousin Will — with the 
same ancestral temper." 

" Oh, but I never saw Cousin Will angry in my 
life." said Alice. " When he doesn't like a thing, he 
just shuts his lips together and keeps quiet. I've 
often noticed it." 

" Yet your Cousin Will told me once," said Mrs. 
Wharton, " that when he was a boy his temper was 
most ungovernable. ' But,' he said, ' I knew I had 
it. and that it was an inheritance, and I determined to 
watch it. " Forewarned is forearmed," you know, 
and I found it so. When I felt myself getting angry 
I went off somewhere alone and fought it out — and 
every time told. And when I got it once under con- 
trol I was surprised to find how much power I had 
gained. I have often been thankful to my grand- 
father since for the moral gunpowder, so to speak, 
that he left to me — now that it doesn't explode any 
more, but drills holes in the rock for me instead.' You 
can appreciate that, Alice, for you know how many. 
rocks of hindrance your cousin has met and over- 
come." 

" It's a new idea," said Alice, slowly ; " but I think 
it's a good one. Thank you Mrs. Wharton. I'll let 
the first way go and try the second, from this day for- 
ward." — Selected. 

^ ^ ^ 
DIPHTHERIA AND ITS TREATMENT. 

One of the numerous readers of Health wishes 
some one to write on the drugless method of treat- 
ing that much-dreaded and fatal scourge diphtheria, 
and as I have had a large experience in the past fifty 
years, I will give a few facts, the result of my large 
experience in treating this as well as other diseases. 
I have treated hundreds of cases and have never lost 
a patient, nor have I ever used any form of drug, not 
even as a gargle. My method consisted of different 
kinds of baths, as the case indicated, to reduce the 
fever and promote purification, with cold water ap- 
pliances to the throat — hot to the extremities and ice 
held in the mouth as far back as possible, if the pa- 
tient was capable of so doing. I always insisted on 
no food being taken as long as there was any febrile 
condition, as I did in all forms of disease — and that 
the internal bath be given thoroughly.. The air al- 
ways to be kept sweet and fresh. I have by these 
simple rational methods rescued many from the jaws 
of death after their attending physicians had pro- 
nounced them incurable, and have never had any 
diseased sequel follow as is often the case with drug 
treatment. 

Feeding to keep up their strength is the fatal mis- 



take made' by most medical practitioners, "and it only 
adds fuel to the flame. 

I have known a number of deaths caused directly by 
serum treatment, as I have many by drugs without it. 
It is a simple and easily cured disease where natural 
rational methods are eniployed, and I do not consider 
it contagious, as claimed. 

Of course any one is more liable to have any disease 
if much with it if the health is not good, but one of 
the greatest causes of contracting any disease is fear, 
which makes one negative, hence acted upon instead 
of being able to resist any foreign enemy. The result 
of the drug method of treatment has made diphtheria 
one of the most dreaded of diseases. The medical 
fraternity with this as with most of its theories has 
put the cart before the horse, claiming bacteria to be 
the cause of, whes, in fact, it is the result of the 
disease the same as all filth when moist and warm 
will develop vegetable and animal life. All the sick- 
ness and suffering in the world is the result of igno- 
rance. Knozvledgc and ivisdom are the saviors. — Juliet 
H. Severance, M. D. 

%£^ t^^ <5* 

" The best way to keep a good balance on our- 
selves is to decide about how other Christians ought 
to live, and then meekly and humbly live up to the 
standard ourselves." 

t?* «.?• t?* 

TO THE HOUSEKEEPER. 

To keep windows free from frost rub the glass 
with a sponge dipped in alcohol. 

A little flour sprinkled in the pan when eggs are 
frying will prevent the sputtering hot fat that is so 
disagreeable. 

Mud stains may be removed from tan leather shoes 
by rubbing them with slices of raw potato. When 
dry polish in usual way. 

Finger marks on paint can be easily removed by 
rubbing with a clean white cloth dipped in kerosene. 
The wood should afterward be wiped with a dry cloth. 

Si 

Match marks on the kitchen walls, which have been 
caused by carelessly striking matches on them will 
disappear if rubbed first with the cut surface of a 
lemon, then with a clean cloth dipped in whiting. 

j» 

To prevent eyeglasses from steaming in cold 
weather rub the glasses thoroughly on both sides 
with a little vaseline or cold cream, then rub with 
tissue paper or cloth to clear the glasses. Glasses 
treated this way will not cloud or steam in the coldest 
weather for twenty-four hours. This treatment of 
the glasses should be made once a day for outdoor 
use. — Collected. 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



89 



"NEW" POTATOES AT CHRISTMAS. 

The acme of quality in potatoes, from the English 
point of view, is represented by the little round tubers, 
about an inch in diameter, which are sent in early 
spring from the Jersey and Guernsey Islands. An En- 
glisli gardening periodical tells of an ingenious scheme 
by which anyone can have quite as good potatoes at 
Christmastime. !' [ - 

First of all dig a hole three feet in depth, and 
procure some biscuit tins about nine inches long and 
four inches wide, having close-fitting lids. Tubers 
should be selected for storing. Snowdrop is a suit- 
able variety. 

As each root of potato is dug pick up the tubers and 
put them in a basket, which should be immediately 
covered with haulm or something to prevent the tubers 
from drying. When sufficient have been dug, take 
them to a shed and pack tliem quickly into the biscuit 
tins. No soil or any material is put with them. The 
tins should then be buried in the hole for them, and a 
stick put in the ground to denote their whereabouts. 

It is best to select medium-sized tubers, just such 
tubers as are generally described as " new " potatoes. 
Remember that it is necessary to dig and store the 
tubers away in the tins before the skins are set. or 
they won't keep well, nor afterward scrape like 
" new " potatoes. A little green or dried mint should 
be boiled with the tubers. — The Garden Magazine. 

t^ «5* »5* 

" People who depend on hot-air furnaces to heat 
their houses often find it difficult to get sufficient heat 
when the wind is in a certain direction, no matter 
how much coal they burn. The reason is that the 
supply of cold air to the furnace is not adequate. A 
scheme is now being introducted whereby an electric 
fan is placed in the cold-air duct, so that when re- 
quired an extra quantity of air can be forced through 
the furnace. By wiring the fan so that the current can 
be turned on and off at will from the living rooms, 
the forced draft is within ready control. There is no 
patent on this idea, and any one who has the in- 
genuity can try it." 

The Children's Corner 



AT SCHOOL AND AT HOME. 

My teacher doesn't think I read 

So very special well. 
She's always saying, " What was that 

Last word?" and makes me spell 
And then pronounce it after her, 

As slow as slow can be, 
" You'd better take a little care " — ■ 

That's what she says to me — 
" Or else I'm really 'fraid you'll find, 

Some one o' these bright days, 
You're way behind the Primer Class," 

That's what my teacher says. 



But when I'm at my grandpa's house. 

He hands me out a book, 
And lets me choose a place to read; 

And then he'll sit and look 
At me, and listen, just as pleased!- 

I know it from his face, 
And- when I read a great, long word, 

He'll say, " Why, little Grace, 
You'll have to teach our deestrict school 

Some one of these bright days! 
Mother, you come and hear this child." 
-That's what my grandpa says. 

— Universalist Leader. 

t^^ t5w t,5* 

"JUST BREAD." 

" Just bread and butter and honey and milk for 
supper," said Doris. " Guess we're most to the starv- 
ing place." 

" I am sorry," mother began, but grandfather in- 
terrupted : " I have seen the time when that plate 
of bread would have looked better to me than all the 
turkey in the world." 

" Funny eyes you had," laughed Doris. " I'll al- 
ways take the turkey, please." 

" Yes," said grandfather, " a big dish of nice slices 
of turkey breast wouldn't have tempted me from one 
little piece of that bread one time. It was when this 
country was all new," grandfather went on, for Doris 
was listening for the story. " It was very different 
from now. We bought the land at a dollar an acre. 
Now it is worth more than a hundred times as much, 
but we worked hard and had none of the conveniences 
that are thought to be necessities now. 

" The corn and wheat were ground at water mills 
run by the streams through the country. Well, one 
unusually cold winter all the streams froze, and for 
weeks no flour or meal could be ground. The nearest 
market was a hundred miles away, and could be 
reached only in wagons, and as nobody wanted to 
risk the trip in such weather, we did without bread 
for six long weeks. My ! but the first hoecake tasted 
good after that. I never have felt like saying ' just 
bread ' since. And what do you suppose we ate 
instead of bread? Why, turkey breast. There were 
plenty of wild turkeys, which are really the best kind. 
Mother put slices of the breast on a plate as she would 
bread, and we ate them with gravy, or molasses, or 
anything we had. It was good at first, and we chil:- 
dren who had come from the East where turkey was 
not so plentiful thought we were living like .kings. 
But soon we began to get fearfully tired of it. In 
fact, if you try to eat any one thing every day for 
six weeks you get tired, but when you stop to think, 
you always want bread. Just imagine not having- 
even a cracker or a batter cake for six weeks, and 
see how good this bread and butter will taste." 

" It's good without imagining such bad luck." Doris 
said, " and I'll not say ' just bread ' again, either," — 
Exchange. 



90 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 190). 




Hour 



I WILL GIVE YOU REST. 
PAUL MOIILER. 

The Lord had done his best to reach the masses 
of the people with his teaching. They had come 
for the physical healing, and had marveled at his 
wonderful works ; but they had not repented. They 
were satisfied with themselves, and he could not stir 
them. We can understand their attitude by our own. 
There is not one of us who responds today as fully 
as he should to the Master's word. How seldom we 
turn to the Lord for anything until we need it sorely, 
and see no hope of getting it elsewhere. It was to 
the needy ones that the Lord turned at last ; and what 
a responsive chord he struck. Rest for the weary ! 
What other need is so universal ? 

There is not a man on the face of the earth who 
does not have some burden, if it be nothing but the 
great burden of making the time pass away pleas- 
antly. The most of us are spending our energies in a 
weary round of daily tasks that have to be done over 
and over and over again till our hearts are weary 
with the drudgery of it all. 

How it takes the heart out of a man to know that 
the work he is doing will not stay done; that the 
next day, and the next month and the next year will 
bring again the same endless succession of dull, hard 
tasks with no apparent profit. 

But the Lord says, " I will give you rest." What 
more could we ask? Rest from so many of the petty 
tyrannies that we have laid upon ourselves ; the many 
extra steps we take because we think we have to ; 
rest from the great burden of providing so many 
unnecessaries that the world has taught us to love; 
rest from so many things that the customs of the 
'neighborhood have demanded ; rest from the fancied 
necessity of living up to the limit of our resources 
of money and strength ; rest from a thousand things 
that seem to control our lives and keep us from those 
things that we really desire. 

Jesus offers to free us from these things; and how 
wonderfully he fulfils his promise. If a man comes to 
Christ, he is free from the necessity of doing any- 
thing but the will of the Father; and there is no 



drudgery in that. It is a life of loving service ; and 
love knows no weariness. Even the hardest tasks 
become easy when they are done in love ; and under 
Christ's, all our deeds are born of love. " Owe no 
man anything but to love one another." 

It is a great rest to be free from responsibility. I'd 
rather do two hours of work than bear one hour's 
responsibility for the success of any great undertak- 
ing. 

Without Christ, each of us bears his own responsi- 
bility. He must plan his life and depend upon him- 
self to make his life a success. Who can foresee the 
' future event ; who then can plan for the future ? One 
man's strength is but little against a thousand; who 
then can "bring to pass the things he has planned? 
How then can a man have any rest when he knows 
that he must both plan and bring to pass the suc- 
cesses of his life? Oh, the hours and days of anxiety, 
and care, worry and striving which tax our endur- 
ance to the utmost ! What a rest and relief to be freed 
from such a burden ! Christ alone can make us 
free, for he alone can plan our lives and bring us to 
perfection. 

And has he not borne the burden for us? Has he 
not planned our lives, and is he not with us daily to 
guide us? His Gospel is nothing if it is not a plan 
of life; his Spirit is nothing if not a guide, and the 
very power by which we live the life. The man who 
gives his whole life over to the Lord that it may be 
used in the Lord's own way for the Lord's own pur- 
poses, can rest assured that he will not fail to accept 
it and use it. He may want me to work very hard : 
to farm or dig ditches or build houses or teach school 
or practice medicine, or to do any other of the hard 
things in life; or he may want me to do the still 
harder work of preaching the Gospel, caring for some 
church, teaching Bible classes, or face to face personal 
work in soul-saving. No matter what the work is, 
or how hard it is, I do not need to bear the burden of 
it. It is my privilege each day to give myself for 
that day, with all that I have and all that I am into 
his hands, that he may direct and use me for the day, 
as seemeth best to him. Then the responsibility for 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



91 



that day's successes rests with him and not with me. 
That takes all the worry away ; it is worry, not work, 
that wearies us. Neither should we worry about the 
future, for he, himself, has said : " Be not anxious for 
the morrow, for the morrow will be anxious of it- 
self. Sufficient for the day is the evil thereof." 
What a rest to be free from anxious care and gloomy 
forebodings ; what a rest to have our tasks set for us 
and to know that we are to succeed. Bless the Lord 
for his goodness and his tender mercies to the child- 
ren of men. Praise the Lord, O my soul ! 
Chicago, III. 

(,?• (^* t^* 

WHOSOEVER WILL. 

RICHARD SEIDEL. 
Born unto Christ's pure kingdom 

Through rending of the veil 
Of darkness and tradition. 

Pure light and life prevail. 
And he who will may enter, 

'Twas our meek Savior's word. 
Thus leaving man the power 

Of choice to serve the Lord. 

i^% ^* ^* 

THE POWER OF A TEMPERATE LIFE. 

It is one of God's kind laws that obedience in a 
lower sphere always brings rewards in a higher sphere 
as well. To obey God in the body finds recompense in 
the body, to be sure, but also in the soul. No one can 
be temperate without getting a clearer eye for it, a 
finer skin, stronger muscles, and a steadier pulse. 

But then, too, it is impossible to be temperate and 
not see more of God, enjoy finer impulses, a quicker 
energy, a steadier will. God always pays at com- 
pound interest, a splendid return for a trifling service. 

But is temperance a trifle, an easy matter, a slight 
task? Does it not rather imply great self-control, 
strenuous self-denial? One would think so to hear 
some men talk, but they are the intemperate men. To 
one that has never used tobacco it is no hardship not 
to use it ; he loathes it. A man who has never used 
alcoholic liquors can pass the door of a thousand 
saloons with not the least desire to enter the vile 
dens. Daniel and his friends ate their simple fare 
with a greater relish than the other youths had for 
their richer viands, and so they grew fairer to the eye. 
No truly temperate man feels it a self-denial to be 
temperate ; it is his choice and his pleasure. 

But suppose that, as is the case with all of us 
some time at some points, we have already begun 
to be intemperate. How can we make our way into 
the power of a temperate life? 

First, want to. No one can be cured of drunken- 
ness — of any kind — until he really wants to be cured. 

His body may be pumped full of gold-cure and 
other nostrums, but he will remain a drunkard at 
heart until he takes the will-cure, and ceases to look 
longingly after his sin and see how close he can get 
to it without falling into it again. 



Second, keep away from temptation. If your sin 
came through the dance, do not even look at a dance 
again. If from gambling, do not touch a pack of 
cards even when no stake is played for. If from 
strong drink, do not even read the papers that adver- 
tise liquors. 

Third, cram your life with healthy interests. Hard 
work is one of the best specifics against intemperance, 
a veritable gold-cure. 

Fourth, and finally, though first of all in importance,, 
do not trust in your o.wn strength. Appetite is a 
fearful thing. God who made it, is the only one that 
can master it, as any one can prove. No drunkard 
has fallen farther into beastliness than many of those 
who have " stretched lame hands of faith " out of 
their pits, and have met the answering hands of God. 
There is no depth of sensuality, or passion, of folly 
and despair that his mercy cannot sound. No drunk- 
ard can enter the Kingdom of Heaven, but the King- 
dom of Heaven can enter any drunkard, if he will. — 
Selected. St ■* tf 

COURAGE. 

Because I hold it sinful to despond. 
And will not let the bitterness of life 

Blind me with bitter tears, but look beyond 
Its tumult and its strife; 

Because I lift my head above the mist, 

Where the sun shines and the broad breezes blow. 
By every ray and every raindrop kissed 

That God's love doth bestow; 
Think you I find no bitterness at all? 

No burden to be borne, like Christian's pack? 
Think you there are no ready tears to fall 

Because I keep them back? 
Why should I hug life's ills with cold reserve. 

To curse myself and all who love me? Nay! 
.A thousand times more good than I deserve 

God gives me every day. 
And in each one of the rebellious tears 

Kept bravely back, he makes a rainbow shine; 
Grateful I take his slightest gift — no fears. 

Nor any doubts are mine. 
Dark skies must clear, and when the clouds are past. 

One golden day redeems a year; 
Patient I listen, sure that sweet, at last. 

Will sound his voice of cheer. 
Then vex me not with chiding. Let me be; 

I must be glad and grateful to the end; 
I grudge you not your cold and darkness — me 

The powers of light befriend. 

— Celia Thaxter. 

*?• v^ «5* 

FAMILY DEVOTIONS. 

" All the duties of religion," says Dr. Dwight, 
" are eminently solemn and venerable in the eyes of 
children. But none will so strongly prove the sin- 
cerity of the parents; none so powerfully awaken 
the reverence of the child; none so happily recom- 
mend the instruction he receives, as family devotions, 
particularly those in which petitions for the children 
occupy a distinguished place." 



w 



THE INQLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



Echoes from Everywhere 




Twelve thousand new suits have been filed in the fed- 
eral court at Muskogee, Okla., against that many defend- 
ants to recover Indian lands in the Choctaw, Chickasaw, 
and Creek nations. Many of the defendants are prom- 
inent. Fraud is charged as the basis of each suit. 



Twenty per cent of all the insane in the United States, 
or 30,000, owe their condition to alcohol. Their direct 
cost to the nation for support is $18,000,000 annually, and, 
on the low estimate that the productive worth of each 
person is $400 a year, there is the additional loss of 
$12,000,000 more. 

Figures made public at the Department of Commerce 
and Labor relating to Japanese immigration indicate 
that during the twelve months ended Nov. 1 last the total 
number of Japanese admitted was 6,017 and the total 
number which left was 5,832, an increase in the Japanese 
population of 185. 

Miss Rose Fritz, the American champion typewriter, 
who accepted the challenge to write 100 words in a 
minute, came through the ordeal triumphantly in the 
test arranged a few days ago, accomplishing the remark- 
able record of writing 262 words in 2 minutes and 26 
seconds, or at the rate of 107.6 words a minute. 



Over a hundred farmers living along the Illirfois-Miss- 
issippi Canal in Whiteside and Bureau counties have 
made demands for $375,000 from the government, claim- 
ing that seepage from the canal has damaged their lands 
to that extent. If the money is not forthcoming they 
say they will file suit in the United States Court of Claims. 



The Great Western Railway, England, is famous for 
its express trains. During the season of American travel, 
there are three e.Kpresses which run daily from London 
'to Exeter, -a distance of 173 J^ miles, without a stop, in 
three hours, at an average speed of just 58 miles an hour, 
A fourth express makes the same run at an average speed 
of 565^^ miles an hour. It is not unusual for the total load 
back of the tender and expresses to reach 400 tons. 



One hundred and fifty persons died of pneumonia in 
Chicago during the week ending Jan. 16 — the largest 
number recorded for a similar period since May of last 
year. The result was that the total mortality was boosted 
to 726, as against 581 for the preceding week, and the 
death rate went to 17.05 per thousand, which is an in- 
crease of nearly 4 per cent. Impure air, the health de- 
partment declares in its weekly bulletin, is responsible 
for this condition. " Evidently," it says, " there are many 
who are violating the simplest rules of health. Alto- 
gether too many are unmindful of the most important 
factor in health — pure air." 



In the fourth news item on page 68 in Inglenook of 
Jan. 19 a mistake is made in giving the deposits in the 
State banks of Kansas. Sept. 1, 1908, the total deposits 
were more than, $83,000,000. This sum is greater than 
was ever before reached by the total deposits, but not 
"eighty-three million dollars greater " as stated in that 
item. The remainder of the item, telling of the gain per 
day is correct. 

The Newark (N. J.) Board of Trade has offered three 
prizes of $25, $15, and $10 for the three best essays on 
international arbitration by pupils of the High School. 
The president of the Board, Peter Campbell, ex-Presi- 
dent George W. Tompkins, and Richard C. Jenkinson, 
a former presiding officer, have furnished the money for 
these prizes. The contest will close the last of April 
next, and the prizes will be awarded on the 18th of May. 



A total of 33,000 shares of stock has been allotted by 
the United States Steel Corporation to its employes this 
year under its profit-sharing plan, according to announce- 
ment lately made. This is the first year that the 
privilege of buying the common has been extended to the 
employes. They may take 15,000 shares of this at SO 
and 18,000 of the preferred at 110. Applications already 
received, it is stated, make it probable that the entire al- 
lotment will be oversubscribed. 



Vice Admiral Rojestvensky, who died at St. Peters- 
burg Jan. 14, was given a funeral with full military honors. 
The body was interred in the Alexander-Nevski Monas- 
tery, where rest many of the famous soldiers, authors 
and musicians of the empire. The obituary notices at- 
tribute the blame for the loss of the battle of the Sea of 
Japan to the ships and not to the commander, and they 
praise the admiral's conduct during his trial by court- 
martial in that he desired to assume entire responsibility 
for the catastrophe. 

With a view to increasing the safety and efficiency 
of work in its mines, the Lehigh Valley Coal Co. has 
instituted an experimental night school at one of its an- 
thracite mines in Pennsylvania. Should the experiment 
give the results expected, the idea will be extended 
throughout the company's coal-mining system. The school 
is unlike any other ever attempted in this country, and 
is for the men who actually do the work, for the fore- 
man, the miner, the laborer, the driver, the door boy, 
and every other toiler helping in the production of an- 
thracite. It is believed that one of the best results of 
the new school will be a decrease in the accident roll, 
while it is confidently expected that a smaller percentage 
of waste in the mining operations will also be noticed. 
The future foremen, superintendents and other officials 
will be taken from among those who attend the mining 
school. .::::.■;..: :: c:r;t ",..--;it "::.• 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 19Qft. 



93; 



Banks and other big houses of Chicago have been ad- 
vised by local postoffice officials to affix the regular 
foreign postage, 2 cents for the first ounce and 3 cents 
for each additional ounce, to insure- quick delivery of 
mail to Germany. Under the new tariff arrangement the 
mail carried to Germany at the domestic rate must be 
carried by steamers plying between New York and Ger- 
man ports. This causes delays at times of several days. 
Mail on which the old rate of 5 cents is paid takes the 
quickest route, often going by French and English mail 

boats. 

Jan. 9 the liquor forces began an attack on the con- 
stitutionality of the Alabama State prohibitory law in 
the United States Court by seeking to have Judge Thom- 
as G. Jones issue an injunction estopping all enforcement 
of the act pending a decision of the validity of its passage. 
The case is brouglit by the Cook Brewing Company of 
Evansville, Ind., which alleges that it has spent $100,- 
000 in building up a business in the State which is now 
taken away by the law. The State is taking the position 
that in the exercise of police duties it has a right to con- 
trol traffic and that it is a State question purely. 

" Opium causes half a million suicides a year," the 
Rev. A. S. Greeg of the International Reform Bureau 
declared recently with reference to the opium conference 
called by President Roosevelt, which begins its session 
at Shanghai Feb. 1. The statement is based on letters 
and reports from Dr. E. W. Thwing, special secretary 
of the reform bureau, who has been sent to China to at- 
tend the opium conference. Dr. Thwing states that he 
has obtained statistics from the provinces of Kueichau, 
Yunnan, Sz Chaun, and Anhwei, with a total population 
of 580,000, in which he says the proportion of the popu- 
lation using opium is from 20 to 80 per cent and the 
amount of money spent for the drug is $200,000,000 a 
year. 



Peanuts, or ground nuts, as they are locally called, form 
one of the largest crops over a large part of the north- 
ern provinces of China, and are one of the articles of 
native export entering rather heavily intoboth the China 
coast and foreign trade. Shipment is made in sacks, the 
nuts usually being in their native state, except when 
shelled, the trade in these hulled nuts predominating in 
some ports. Another large item, dependent directly on 
the peanut crop, is the export of ground-nut oil. Cus- 
toms statistics unite ground-nut oil with tea and wood 
oils, the latter two naturally playing no part in the trade 
of the northern ports. In value the oil business is much 
more important than the nut trade, the total exports 
in 1907 being valued at no less than $3,340,000. 



Drink and poverty are given as the chief causes of 
crime in the annual report of the Central Howard Asso- 
ciation, just issued. The association helps persons after 
their release from prison. According to the statistics 
given by the men themselves 321 persons ascribed their 
downfall to intoxicants. Two hundred and nineteen said 
that they were led to commit crime because they were 
poor and out of work. The association aided 1,275 men 
in 1908. Of these 983 were new cases. Seventy prison- 
ers were paroled to the association by the prison author- 
ities. Of these it is reported that 80 per cent are now 
good citizens. Twenty per cent were either sent back 
to prison or escaped. The association reports that be- 
sides these aided directly letters were sent and personal 
advice given to 50,000 others in various parts of the coun- 
try. 



John Bull is our best foreign customer. We are by 
no means his most aggressive provider, however. During 
the past ten years Great Britain's increase in imports has 
been 20 per cent per capita. But our own. sales. to John 
Bull in that time have slightly decreased per capita. 
An English statistician puts it thus: Every person in the 
United Kingdom consumed $54.08 worth of imported com-" 
modifies in 1897, of which $11.35 worth came from the 
United States. But in 1906 each Briton — man, woman, 
and child — consumed $62.74 worth of imports, of which 
only $11.92 came from the United States. In other words, 
while John Bull's scale of living has risen nearly ten 
dollars in ten years on imported articles, we have suc- 
ceeded in selling him an increase of only fifty-seven cents' 
worth. 



To be a citizen of France is ordinarily to have a bank 
account. Nearly 2,000,000 persons in the republic have 
$2,000 each, and 4,000,000 have $1,000 each. The total 
wealth of France is divided among the inhabitants in a 
manner more nearly equal than is the wealth of any 
other nation. French thrift, with its wholesome eflects, 
is fostered by the French institutions for saving. When 
the government postal banks were established in France 
in 1881, the private savings banks in that country had 
been in a flourishing condition for many years. Their 
existence and success did not deter the French govern- 
ment from adopting the postal savings bank system. 
Its beneficial effect on the habits of the people has brought 
new depositors to the private savings banks and new in- 
vestors seeking safe investments into the money market. 



The demand for cigarettes in China today is only ex- 
ceeded by that for kerosene. Nor is this habit confined 
alone to the male portion of the population; the females 
of all classes and ages, from 10 years up, indulge as freely 
and openly in cigarettes as do their brothers. The in- 
troduction of this habit among the Chinese dates back 
but a few years, and its universal spread throughout the 
empire has been astonishingly rapid. The manufacturers 
say that their production is up to the standard and en- 
tirely free from opium. The small cost of cigarettes, 
which can be bought from one to a thousand at as low 
as one-fourth of an American cent each, may have some- 
thing to do with their universal use. The spread of this 
insidious habit is so alarming that the authorities at Can- 
ton have just issued a decree forbidding students to 
smoke. 



Perhaps there is in the course of construction no other 
enterprise, excepting the Panama canal, which will mean 
more to the commerce of the United States than the rail- 
road from the Florida mainland to Key West. The work 
on this road is now nearing completion, but 32 miles of 
construction remaining to be done, and it is expected 
that within the present year cars will be running over 
the tracks above the water into Key West. If these ex- 
pectations are realized, then it will be possible for pas- 
sengers to take a Pullman car in New York and stay until 
they reach Havana, for after reaching Key West the 
cars will be loaded upon huge barges and towed right 
on to the Cuban capital, 90 miles away. The great ad- 
vantage of such a road will be in the facility which it 
will give to freight transportation between Cuba and the 
United States, for when it is in operation the Cuban can 
load his fruits, sugar, and other products on cars in 
various parts of the island, and they need not be un- 
loaded until they reach their destination in various parts 
of this country. 



94 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



Among the Magazines 



1 


• 






^^^^^^^@^^ 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 








^^r^^^-^^^ip 





MR. TAFT'S NEW YEAR RESOLUTIONS. 

" If I am elected," Mr. Taft has said, " I propose to 
devote all the ability that is in me to the constructive 
work of suggesting to Congress the means by which 
the Roosevelt policies shall be clinched." And in that 
work he adds, " My conscience shall be my final political 
counselor." 

I will conserve the interests of invested capital for the 
welfare of the country and of the workingman. 

Men who, to get rich, violate the law, moral or 
statutory, must be restrained. The statutory law should 
be amended where necessary so as to comprise the moral 
law. 

I shall not interfere with legal combinations of capital 
that are beneficial and properly controlled; but I shall 
interfere with those made merely to control markets, fix 
prices, restrict output, kill competition. 

I am against limiting the proportion of their output cor- 
porations may own, and fixing prices by government. 

I shall take no steps to destroy great organizations that 
have a large wage fund when prosperous, and that add 
greatly to the prosperity of the country; but I shall do 
my utmost to keep them within the law. 

I am interested in legislation against the railroads, that 
it shall be just and only properly restrictive. The whole 
country depends upon the prosperity of the railroads. 

The principle of competition between naturally com- 
peting lines must not be violated. And I should approve 
an amendment to the law permitting useful traffic agree- 
ments when approved by the interstate commerce com- 
mission. 

It will be one of my most pleasant duties to construct 
legislation that shall give labor a square deal and not 
more than a square deal. 

I shall uphold the right of labor to organize for the 
purpose of making itself properly a power in the commu- 
nity, to maintain its level in the struggle of life, and for 
dealing with capital. 

I sliall oppose labor when, exercising its right to strike, 
it injures the property of its employer, and when it at- 
tempts by " secondary boycott " to compel a third and 
unwilling person to join the controversy. 

Non-union labor shall be secured absolutely the same 
rights as union labor. 

I shaJJ endeavor to bring capital and labor into closer 
relations of confidence and interdependence, and shall 
seek peace between capital and labor by their mutual 
recognition of their respective unions and acceptance of 
the principle of mediation and arbitration. — From the 
January Circle Magazine. 

(,?• (.?• fc?* 

THE MORAL OF HARD TIMES. 

The morbid congestion of population in our great cities 
and industrial districts is now bearing fruits which are 
pitiful and at the same time logical. The story is as 
old as the history of civilization. In times of prosperity 



people grow extravagant, thinking the good times will 
last forever. Wages are boosted and boosted, the cost 
of production is increased and increased, until there comes 
a time when the consumer balks and refuses to buy. Then 
consumption shrinks, factories close down, and thousands 
are thrown out of work or have to take reduced wages. 

This is the condition now. Every one is suffering from 
the slump more or less, but the brunt of punishment- falls 
on those who have not been forehanded, those who have 
cast to the winds the teachings of the ages. We hear 
of men all over the country who were receiving big pay 
during the prosperity period but who are now penniless, 
with their families in dire want. Remedies are proposed 
and tried, but they cannot reach the root of the trouble, 
for they are too superficial, and they come too late. 
When hundreds of thousands of unemployed and beg- 
gared people are massed together the task of relieving 
them becomes overwhelming. 

Good advice does not take the place of a loaf of bread, 
but nevertheless the lesson of hard times is so old a one 
that it is hard to excuse those who refuse to learn it. 
In good times we must prepare for bad. The wise man 
does not build his house on the sands, where the storms 
that are sure to come will wreck it. The grasshopper 
that despises the ant for working so diligently during the 
season of plenty must paj' the penalty. The prodigal after 
spending his substance in riotous living would indeed fain 
have " filled his belly with the husks the swine did eat," 
yet " no man gave unto him," and he had to realize how 
he had sinned against the laws of life before he could 
be relieved. 

Throughout the reign of prosperity this paper uniformly 
counseled economy and saving thrift; we gave warning 
that the hard times would come, and urged those who did 
not want to suffer to lay up something for the rainy day. 
At that time we were denounced by some of the big news- 
papers for "knocking"; prosperity this time had come to 
stay, we were told. We claim no superior intelligence 
for being able to see through a millstone with a hole in 
it, to predict a sequence of natural events as well estab- 
lished as the rising and setting of the sun. But the fact 
remains that this paper foresaw the present conditions 
long before the crash. 

As a people we must get closer to the land, avoid con- 
gesting in the cities, learn to acquire the habit of saving, 
curb our extravagance — and withal bow to the eternal 
laws of our being. Poverty and misery can never be 
wholly eradicated, but they can be vastly reduced by a 
proper reverence for the teachings of the past. — The 
Pathfinder. 

t^t t3"f ^* 

"POLICY" AND POSTAL BANKS. 

The Senate has taken up the postal saving banks bill, 
and several amendments — some of a rather important 
character — have been proposed. To honest efforts to 
render the bill less objectionable to the bankers opposing 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 1909. 



95 



it, or to prevent misuse of its provisions, there will be 
no disposition to take exception. But unfortunately cor- 
respondents have been intimating pretty plainly that some 
of the " discussion " is merely obstructive, that the ruling 
clique has no intention of permitting the bill to pass or 
even to reach a final vote. 

Some senators, including Mr. Aldrich, contend that the 
question of postal banks cannot " scientifically " be set- 
tled save as part of the larger question of currency and 
banking reform. Others pretend that the idea has not 
received sufficient attention anyway, and that legislation 
at this time would be rash and dangerous. Still others 
affect to believe that there is little popular demand for 
such a measure. Finally, the open secret, referred to by 
Mr. Wellman in his letter on the President's message 
urging desirable amendments to the commerce act. that 
" Roosevelt policies " are to be coldly ignored between 
now and March 4, and even modest, constructive and 
necessary changes postponed out of spite and bitterness 
of a personal nature, is likewise to be taken into account 
in estimating the chances of the postal banks bill. 

There is not a single good reason for " chloroforming " 
the bill. It has been very carefully considered, and the 
report of the Seriate committee on it was emphatically 
favorable. There is no real connection between it and 
the problems under consideration by the currency com- 
mission — problems affecting circulation, bonds as a basis 
for it, elasticity, the future of the greenbacks, etc. The 
strength of the popular demand for additional and safe 
facilities for savings may be inferred from the indorse- 
ment of the idea of postal banks by the Republican plat- 
form and the positive promises of the speeches of Repub- 
lican orators, from Taft down, during the late campaign. 

Even with Congress in its present mood and temper 
the fact that Mr. Roosevelt has recommended postal banks 
surely ought not to be a fatal argument against sensible 
and proper action, against keeping faith with the people. 
It is too late to raise objections to the scheme itself; 
details can be attended to at this session. — Chicago Rec- 
ord-Herald. 

<^w tt^* ^* 

NATIONALISM AND SECTIONALISM. 

• 

No one can have traveled much over the country with- 
out noticing a marked contrast between the Northern 
and the Southern States in their attitude toward sec- 
tionalism. There is vastly less expression of sectional 
feeling in the North than in the South. The Southern 
journals and the Southern people have much to say about 
the South and its special interests and feelings. In the 
Northern States such a sentiment about the North as 
distinct from the South is almost never to be observed. 
We do not talk about the South, we do not think about 
it as a section having separate interests from the North, 
unless in a political campaign we wish that there were 
great doubtful States in the Solid South, as there are 
in the North. Ohio and Indiana and Minnesota elect 
Democratic governors; that is almost unthinkable in 
Georgia or Texas, which have the intense Southern feel- 
ing, with a bit of rankling jealousy or even hostility 
toward the North. No similar feeling exists in the North. 

The reason for the difference — or the apology — is easy 
to tell. It all hangs on the Civil War. We have not 
yet quite got over the friction of that conflict. The South 
was fighting for a section and a sectional institution. 
The North was not fighting at all for its section or for 
any of its institutions, but for national unity; fighting 
to preserve the whole country as one nation, and not 



for a portion of the country to be set off by itself. It 
followed, necessarily, that in the South sectionalism 
should be the dominant thought, and that its influence 
would remain largely dominant after the close of the 
war. It followed with equal necessity that in the rest 
of the country the spirit of nationalism should rule. It 
follows that the Northern States do not think of them- 
selves as separated in any sense from those States which 
fought against union, but have now heartily accepted its 
blessings. 

Patriotism fights sectionalism. We need to develop 
more and more the love of the entire country, and to 
minimize any loyalty to a section which can possibly 
take the place of patriotism. This does not mean that 
one should not have a special love for his native town 
or his native State. That is regarded as one of the parts 
that make up the total country. There is in it no rivalry 
of loyalty or affection. But it is an error and wrong if 
schoolbooks on history or geography set section against 
section or are guilty of perpetuating the memory of the 
hostilities of the days of the elder generation. We can- 
not complain that the soldiers, the few that remain, de- 
light to meet in annual reunions or in local posts and 
recall and maintain the old fellowships; that is beautiful. 
But let it be left to them. There is no good and much 
evil in the maintenance of Sons or Daughters of the 
Union Veterans — if there are any such, we do not know 
of any — or of Sons . or Daughters of the Confederacy. 
All that we want forgotten, or left to the historians and 
the genealogists. We will not cease to be proud of our 
pedigrees, of the bravery of our ancestors, but we will 
not teach our children to retain and cultivate the sec- 
tionalisms of their grandparents. What do they know 
about the war? What have they known of slavery? Let 
the dead bury their dead, and do we follow the country's 
banner. — The Independent. 

t^f \^f t^^ 

SCANT SLEEP FOR GROWING CHILDREN. 

" Stealing candy from a babj' " is popularly cited 
as typically the meanest, as well as the easiest, of 
crimes. It is hardly more despicable, it would 
seem, than robbing children of the sleep that they 
need to make them normal, healthy men and women. The 
baby may get more candy; but sleep once regularly lost 
for any length of time can not be made up. Says The 
Hospital (London, November 21), discussing some recent 
revelations in its own city: 

" Difficult and obscure as are many of the problems con- 
nected with that suspension of consciousness, complete 
or nearly complete, which we call sleep, there are certain 
points of personal experience on which most people are 
agreed. One is that the quantity of daily sleep necessary 
lessens with advancing age; another is that the brain re- 
quires longer rest to recover full vigor than does the mere 
physical mechanism of the body. Both these points have 
a strong bearing on the hygiene of the school child, some 
very important facts concerning whose sleep time were 
revealed to the Child-Study Society last week by Miss 
.A.lice Ravenhill. She finds, by returns as to the hours of 
sleep obtained by over six thousand children in public 
elementary schools, that on an average they miss some 
three hours a day of the sleep suitable and necessary for 
their ages. Such a state of things is bad enough, but the 
lecturer further pointed out that even the quality of that 
which is obtained is very often defective. Overcrowding, 
with its usual accessory, bad ventilation, is one of the 
factors which is in special need of remedy; another is 



96 



THE INGLENOOK.— January 26, 190; 



noise, though it is proliable that most town-bred children 
are too accustomed to this to allow it to affect their sleep. 
Defective home discipline is also blamed for part of the 
evil, probably quite correctly. Premature employment, 
both before and after school-hours, is another all too 
common form of parental selfishness, which is having an 
important effect in the deterioration of the race. Only a 
few weeks ago some shocking cases of this were exposed 
in one of the western suburbs of London; children were 
compelled to start milk-distributing at 5:30 A. M., and 
even to go on duty again after the completion of their 
day's school-work." — Literary Digest. 

^V ^^^ ^^ 

WORLD'S APPLE KING. 

The statement that one man owns over 1,600 acres 
devoted to apple trees sounds amazing ; that more 
than 500,000 bushels of apples were sold by him from 
trees of his own planting for an aggregate above 
$205,000 is likewise amazing ; these figures convey but 
a slight idea of the operations of Judge Fred Well- 
house of Topeka, Kans., known to those familiar with 
horticultural matters as " the Apple King." 

When, in the late '70s, he was planting 437 acres 
to apple trees in Leavenworth County, Kans.. many of 
his tieighbors looked upon him as well-nigh demented. 
Over 400 acres in orchard! It was astonishing! It 
was destined to be a flat failure ! So said the croakers, 
but Wellhouse, undaunted and undiscouraged, worked 
on unmindful of the bantering and rallying, and the 
outcome justified his faith in Kansas and himself and 
forever silenced those who doubted. 

Perhaps in no way can be conveyed a clearer con- 
ception of the immensity of these apple-growing oper- 
ations than by citing the figures from the records. 
In all, the maker of this record has grown and sold 
twenty-six crops, amounting to considerably more 
than a half million bushels. The crop of 1890, ap- 
proximately 80,000 bushels, was the largest, and it 
sold for more than $50,000. This was perhaps the 
most valuable crop of apples ever grown by any one 
man in the middle West, and the total paid for it ag- 
gregated more than the earnings of the average 
citizen during his entire lifetime. The combined yield 
of the two largest crops, those of 1890 and 1891, was 
142,868 bushels. The smallest yield was 488 bushels 
in 1899. 

All these apples, if packed in barrels and loaded on 
the ordinary railroad freight car, averaging 20,000 
pounds to the load, would fill about 1,250 cars, or 
make more than sixty-two trainloads of twenty cars 
to the train. 

In picking, the men averaged forty bushels each 
per day — and packers and pickers were paid for 20,- 
833 days' work, at the rate of $1.50 per day of ten 
hours. The pickers worked in gangs of from ten to 
fifteen men. 

For harvesting, $31,250 wrs prid to pickers and 
packers: $6,425 for hauling from the fields to the 
packing-house, and $11,565 for hauling to the rail- 



road and loading on cars. The barrels cost $17,100 
and about $1,500 was spent for miscellaneous items, 
such as boxes, extra hoops, etc. The total outlay 
for gathering the crops and placing them on the 
market was $67,480. You see, capital is required for 
a job like this one. 

The gross sales amounted to $205,903 ; this less the 
$67,840 expenses, leaves a net return of $138,063. 
But this amount doesn't represent all the profit ; it 
doesn't include the value of the corn, which was 
grown between the tree rows from the time of setting 
out the orchards until they began to bear. The corn 
was grown by tenants, and the landlord received 
one-third of it for rent. Of the 161,000 bushels of 
corn grown he received 53,600 bushels, which sold 
for an average of 30 cents per bushel, netting about 
$14,750, and paying all expenses of planting and 
growing the orchards to the time of their bearing. 
xAdded to that from the apples, this income from the 
com brings the total net profit up to $152,812. And 
then, too, its planter still owns this largest orchard 
and has every reason to hope for many more bumper 
crops. — Interurban Life. 



Between Whiles 



" I just love cake," said Johnnie feelingly. " It's aw- 
ful nice." 

" You should not say ' love ' cake," corrected his 
mother. " You should say ' like.' And do not say ' aw- 
ful ' — say 'very.' And say 'good' instead of 'nice.' Now 
see if you can repeat the sentence correctly." 

" I like cake," repeated Johnnie. " It's very good." 

" That's better." 

" I know, ma," complained Johnnie, " but it sounds 
just as if I was talkin' 'bout bread." — Everybody's Mag- 
azine. 



WANT AND EXCHANGE 



To accommodate some of our readers and bring them in 
closer touch with each other, we have opened this "want 
and exchange " column. 

Rates, twenty-five cent^ per insertion, not exceeding four 
line=!. including name and address. Five cents per line for 
additional lines. However, no "want" may exceed six lines 
altogether. 



FOR SALE — Furnished home; 7-room house, stable, 
etc.; 100 feet front; cement walk; fruit and shade trees; 
one-half block from Campus, McPherson College. J. W. 
Webster, McPherson, Kans. 

WANTED — For Wisconsin farm, a married man, 28 to 
40 years old, as manager of dairy and stock farm. Must 
be a good manager and careful feeder of hogs, cattle and 
horses; also a good tiller of the soil and coine well recom- 
mended. K good place is offered to the right man. Ad- 
dress INGLENOOK. 




Map of the Southern Pacific Lines in Mexico. 

Other principal Mexican railways are shown by the lighter, cross-hatched lines. 



THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC LINES 

IN MEXICO 



" Railroad Age Gazette." 

The construction by the Southern Pacific Company of 
a main trunk line and various branches on the west coast 
of Mexico under concessions granted by the Mexican Gov- 
ernment is one of the most important railway developments 
in America today. Six hundred miles of these lines are 
already completed and in operation; 170 additional miles 
will be finished and ready for operation by January, 1909, 
and the entire network of lines will be pushed to com- 
pletion as rapidly as the best, most approved and most 
economic methods of building will permit. The enter- 
prise is a gigantic one involving the expenditure of many 
millions of dollars. Perhaps the best evidence of its 
importance is the fact that the work has progressed 
continuously throughout the financial depression. 

Besides opening up a new territory rich in natural re- 
sources, the completion of the main trunk line will es- 
tablish a direct and continuous route connecting the City 
of Mex'co, Guadalajara and other points in Mexico 
with Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland and the ports 



of Puget Sound. This will make possible a continuous 
train service of about 3,500 miles, the longest north- and- 
south line in America, and the longest in the world, until 
the Cape-to-Cairo line is built (if it ever is!) by the Brit- 
ish Government. In order to understand clearly the sig- 
nificance of the various lines embraced in the enterprise 
the main line will be considered first, and then the 
branches separately. 

Main Trunk Line. 

This line enters the Republic of Mexico at Nogales, 
the twin American-Mexican city on each side of the in- 
ternational boundary between Arizona and the State of 
Sonora. From this point the line of the Sonora Rail- 
way extends through Magdalena and Hermosillo to the 
port of Guaymas, on the Gulf of California, a distance of 
263 miles. This line, which has been in operation for many 
years, is now owned and controlled by the the Southern 
Pacific Company, and over its tracks the through trains 
will be run. The Government has recently granted a 



THE INGLENOOK 



concession for the reconstruction of this entire line and 
the Southern Pacific has already concluded arrangements 
for raising the track, putting in new ties, reballasting, 
replacing the old bridges witli new ones, and substi- 
tuting heavy rails for those now used, so that the road- 
bed of this part of the line will be raised to the high 
standard of construction which prevails on the new part 
south of Guaynias. By the terms of the concession this 
reconstruction must be completed within two years from 
the date of the concession. 

From Guaymas south to Guadalajara the entire line, 
860 miles in length, will be one of original construction. 




Natives Clearing the Right of Way. 

Leaving Guaymas, the road has a general southeasterly 
course passing through Corral, the point of crossing the 
Yaqui river, and Navojoa, the crossing of the Mayo river, 
entering the State of Sinaloa about half way between 
Navojoa and San Bias, at which latter place the Fuerte 
river and the tracks of the Kansas City, Mexico & Orient 
are crossed; thence to Culiacan, the capital of Sinaloa, 
crossing the beautiful Culiacan valley and river just be- 
fore entering the city. From Culiacan the line proceeds 
to Mazatlan, situated on the Pacific Ocean at the mouth 
of the Gulf of California. This is the chief seaport city 
of the west coast of Mexico, and the only one which will 
have both a north and south rail outlet when the line is 
completed. Here the route gradually leaves the coast, 
passing through the territory and city of Tepic, thence 
to Guadalajara, the capital of the State of Jalisco and 
the second city of the Republic. The line between Guay- 
mas and Culiacan, a distance of 340 miles, has been com- 
pleted and is in operation; since the first of August a 
through daily passenger and Pullman service has been 
maintained bet%veen Culiacan and Tucson, Ariz., a dis- 
tance of 750 miles. 

The length of the line between Culiacan and Mazatlan 
is about 150 miles. The construction of this section 
is being pushed rapidly with large forces from each end 
and the section will be completed and placed in operation 
early in January, 1909, when a through daily passenger 
and Pullman service will be inaugurated from Tucson to 
Mazatlan, a distance of 900 miles. From Mazatlan to 
Guadalajara the length of the line will be about 360 miles. 
The construction of this section is now in progress from 
Mazatlan south and also from Guadalajara north and the 
work at each end is being pushed with all the despatch 
consistent with economic construction. By the terms of 
the concession the entire line must be completed by 
November, 6, 1912. 



Branch Lines. 

The concession to the Southern Pacific authorizes the 
construction of zs many branches on either side of the 
trunk line from Navojoa to Guadalajara (each branch not 
to exceed 150 kilometers in length) as may be desired. 
The branches desired may be designated at any time prior 
to the sixth day of November, 1915. No concession for 
the construction of parallel lines within a zone of 30 kilo- 
meters on each side of the line can be granted to any 
other company prior to November 6, 1920. 

This road will penetrate the heart of the region char- 
acterized by Baron Humboldt as " the mineral store- 
house of the world." Heretofore the development of this 
section has been retardeil. on account of the lack of trans- 
portation facilities and the presence therein of bands of 
Yaqui Indians. The new railway will furnish the needed 
transportation facilities; and experience teaches that In- 
dians are never a menace after the coming of the railway. 
This' branch is destined to become one of the largest 
carriers of ore metal and mining machinery and supplies 
on the continent. It is completed to a point 20 miles 
north oir- Cumuripa, and 51 miles north of the junction 
with the main line at Corral. Construction is being pushed 
with a large force north of this point. Under the con- 
cession this line must be completed to the international 
boundary by May 11. 1924. Its length from Corral 
to the boundary is 388 miles. From Tonichi a short 
branch of 4',^ miles will be built to the coal fields of Bar- 
ranca. 

Traffic Features. 

Mention has been made of the mineral resources of 
the territory traversed by these lines. A large tonnage of 
ocean freight will be handled from Guaymas, the port 




Tracklaying Gang at Work. 

furthest north on the mainland of the Gulf of California, 
and from Mazatlan, which is at the confluence of the gulf 
with the Pacific Ocean. The latter, by reason of its geo- 
graphic position, is the most convenient port on the 
west coast of America for the immense cargoes carried 
by the " trade wind " vessels plying between America 
and India, China, the Philippines and the Hawaiian Is- 
lands. All of this ocean freiglu is now carried 2,000 miles 
north to San Francisco. Upon the completion of the line 
to Mazatlan this will become the port of discharge and 
their cargoes will be carried by the railroad to Guadal- 



THE INGLENOOK 



ajara, Mexico City and other points in Mexico, and by 
the fast freight north to the United States and Canada. 
The traffic from Mazatlan to Guadalajara and the City of 
Mexico is sure to be very large because this route affords 
the best approach to these two great cities from any point 
on the Pacific. 

It goes without saying that the through freight and pas- 




Robert's Tracklaying Machine at Work. 

senger traffic upon a direct line connnecting two such 
cities as Guadalajara and Mexico City with Los Angeles, 
San Francisco and the Pacific coast of the United States 
will be heavy. Mexico City, like the tomb of Moham- 
med to the Mussulman, is the Mecca of all Mexicans, and 
the map shows an immense territory in Sonora and North- 
ern Sinaloa, whose inhabitants can now reach the capital 
only by the circuitous route to Benson, Ariz., thence to 
El Paso, and from there over the Mexican Central to 
the City of Mexico. All this traffic will be diverted to 
the new line and its volume will be multiplied many times 
with the shortening of the distance and the increased fa- 
cilities which will be afforded. The freight traffic which 
the country will furnish will be large in volume and will 
consist of live stock of all kinds, and a great variety of 
agricultural products, fruits, vegetables and timber. 
Among the agricultural products may be enumerated corn, 
beans, garbanzos (peas), sugar (crude and refined), al- 
falfa, sorghum cane (used as a forage for live stock), and 
agave, from which a fiber that is the highest-priced in 
the market is extracted. The fruits are of the finest qual- 
ity and consist of the orange, banana, lemon, mango, 
chirimoya (known as vegetable ice cream), cocoanut, date 
aguate, papaya (an appetizing breakfast fruit similar to 
the cantaloupe and from which is extracted the purest 
form of pepsin known), zepete, plum, strawberry, black- 



berry, melon, and in the mountainous sections the apple, 
peach and pear. The fruits which have been the source 
of such wealth to California are indigenous to the 
soil of the west coast of Mexico and are ready for mar- 
ket months in advance of the California product. The 
oranges grown in Sonora are the sweetest and have the 
most delicious flavor of any grown in America, with the 
possible exception of those of the Salt river in Arizona. 
The State of Sinaloa presents exceptional opportunities 
to the truck-gardener for raising winter fruits and vege- 
tables. These can be produced there for the markets of 
the United States at a season when they connot be sup- 
plied from any other section. Most fruits and vegetables 
may be grown there every month of the year. 

The forests along the coast contain fine specimens 
of mahogany, ebony, maple, rosewood, lignum vitae, mora, 
willow and many other varieties of beautiful and valu- 
able trees. In the hills and mountains are found the syc- 
amore, cypress, spruce, pine, madrofia, elm, walnut, cedar 
and oak, all similar to these species found in the United 
States, and in addition about 175 varieties of trees never 
seen in the forests north of this section. 

The lands along the coast are for the most part cov- 
ered with a dense growth of trees and underbrush and 
some grass, though the latter is not abundant. It is 
claimed that the forage from this underbrush will sup- 
port more live stock to the same area than the famous 
bunch grass of the Northwest region. In the foot hills 
of the Sierra Madre range are magnificent grazing lands 
where conditions for stock breeding are ideal and the 




Type of Concrete Bridge Used. 

climate unsurpassed. 

All the lines built or under construction will compose 
a system of 1,785 miles. 

For further information, as to price of farm lands, etc., 

Write to 

THE ALMADA COLONIZATION CO., 
214 Bee Building, Omaha, Nebr. 



Post Card Albums 



Our albums are of the most popular size and shape 
and will please you. They are of the substantial kind and 
yet neat in appearance. All we ask is that you send 
us a trial order. 



No. 1101.— Handy 
Style. P.ound in black 
silk cloth, plain, side 
title stamped in white, 
Size, 5x7^ inches. 
Holds 100 cards, 1 to 
the page. 

iM Price, prepaid, 45 cents 




No. 2201.— Small quarto style. 
Size 7x9^ inches. Bound in 
black silk cloth, plain side title 
stamped in white. Holds 200 
cards, 2 to the page. 

Price, prepaid, 70 cents 

No. 2202.— Same as No. 2201 
only bound in olive green cloth, 

with assorted stamping. 

Price, prepaid 70 cents 



No. 2201. 




No. 3301. 




No. 7101. 



No. 3301. — Medium quarto 
style. Size, 9x1 1 J4 inch e s. 
Bound in black silk cloth, plain, 
side title stamped in white. To 
hold 300 cards, 3 to a page. 

Price, prepaid $1.15 



No. 7101.— Royal Post 
Card Album. Bound in 
black " Viennese " Imita- 
Leather. Walrus Grain. 
Holds 100 cards, 1 to a page. 
Size, 5!/x8 inches. Gilt title 
on side. 
Price, prepaid, ... .65 cents 

No. 4922.— Royal " Vien- 
nese " Post Card Album. 
Bound in black Viennese 
Hornback Alligator Grain 
Binding. Holds 200 cards, 
2 to a pagf. Size, Sj/^xlO^/J. 
Gilt title on side. 
Price, prepaid $1.25 

N o. 49221.4.— S a m e as 
4922, only holds 300 cards. 
Price, prepaid, $1.50 




No. 7004. 

No. 7004.— Royal Black "Viennese" Post Card Album. 
Bound in imitation leather — Sea Lion Grain — with Gilt 
title on side. Size, 10i4xlS!/2. Holds 500 cards with 4 
to a page. " Viennese " looks like Genuine Leather and 
wears better. 
Price, prepaid, $2.50 

No. 9101. — Royal Padded " Viennese " Cover Post Card 
Albums. Bound in " Viennese " Imitation Leather. Black 
Walrus Grain. Gilt title on side. Size, 954x6. 100 cards 
to album, 1 to a page. Artistic " Deckle Edge " leaves. 
Price, prepaid, $1.00 



No. 9102.— Roy- 
al Padded Cover 
Post Card Al- 
bum. Viennese" 
Covers. I m i t a- 
tion Leather. 
Black Walrus 
Grain. Size 9!/2- 
xll'/,. Gilt title 
on side. Holds 
300 cards, 2 to a 
page. " Deckle 
Edge " leaves. 
iNew and artistic. 




Price, prepaid, $2. 



No. 9102. 

POST CARDS. 

We list a very complete line of first class post cards. 
All are excellent values and sure to please. We pur- 
chase in large quantities and offer you our goods as cheap 
as many inferior lines. Ask for our general catalog in 
which we list all our post cards. 



Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 




A Sample of the Oat Fields In the Nanton District. 



Harvest Time 



The prosperous settlers in Sunny Southern Alberta have just finished harvesting a bounti- 
ful crop. It is now THRESHING TIME and their yields are enormous. 

Some fields are jrielding as high as fifty bushels of wheat per acre. And oats cu-e yielding 
as high as one himdred and thirty bushels per acre. The crop on one acre brings enough money 
to buy two acres! Could you want anything better? 

We have just secured, and are now offering for sale, 50,000 acres in the Nanton District 
where already there is established a large and prosperous settlement of the Brethren. 

Our prices are $9.00 per acre snd up, on easy terms — ^ten years to pay for land when the 
purchaser settles on the land. Ebccursions every week. Cheap rates and railroad fare refunded 
to purchasers of 320 acres or more. 

For particulars, address. 



REDCLIFFE REALTY CO., ( R. R. Stoner, Pres. ) 

430 TEMPLE COURT 

MINNEAPOLIS, - - - MINNESOTA 



: 

■ 






CHURCH EXTENSION BY 

COLONIZATION 

The Co-operative Colonization Company, incorporated under the laws of Indiana, proposes 
to establish colonies, on their Co-operative plan, in the United States and other countries, in 
suitable localities, under the most favorable conditions. 

The aim is to establish self-supporting congregations of our people, with good church 
and school privileges from the beginning of a colony. 

A committee appointed by the Directors of this company, made an extended tour of in- 
vestigation through the West. After careful consideration of their report by the Directors, it 
was decided to locate their first colony in the San Joaquin Valley, California. This is one of 
the world's famous valleys, noted for its mild, congenial climate, rich soil and variety of prod- 
ucts. 

In this valley are grown successfully wheat, rye, oats, barley, alfalfa and other grasses; 
peaches, pears, prunes, apricots, nectarines, figs, olives, oranges, lemons, melons, canteloupes, 
strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, loganberries and grapes. Vegetables are grown almost 
every month in the year. English walnuts, almonds, pecans, peanuts and other nuts do well and 
are profitable. Dairying, beekeeping and poultry raising are carried on successfully. 
The new colony town, is on the main line of the Santa Fe Railroad, immediately on the tract 
selected for our first colony. It is in central California, within a few hours run of San Fran- 
cisco, Sacramento and Stockton, among the best markets in the State. 

The colony tract is well located, almost level, with a deep, fertile soil, mostly a sjmdy loam, 
well adapted to above-named crops. It is in the Modesto irrigation district, one of the best 
systems in the State, with plenty of water, and the land owns the irrigation plant. Two large 
ditches cross the colony tract, and the present owner will construct lateral ditches to each 
forty acres — an important item. The drainage is excellent, no alkali or hardpan to interfere 
with crops, no brush, stumps or stones to be removed, a good place for 

IDEAL HOMES AND PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

This tract is not large. It will soon be taken up. EUich one can select his tract. Home- 
seekers and investors should investigate this proposition. A selection either in the town, or 
colony will make an ideal home. Water for domestic use is obtained from wells about 50 feet 
deep, and is of fine quality. A good public school house is in easy reach of the colony. 

The next party of colonists vnll leave Chicago about February 9. The town and colony 
lands are both platted and are ready for occupation and cultivation. Prospective colonists and 
California tourists are invited to join us. Write for rates and particulars. 



:. 



CO-OPERATIVE COLONIZATION COMPANY 

NORTH MANCHESTER, INDIANA 
OR S. F. SANGER, GENERAL ORGANIZER, SOUTH BEND, INDIANA 



O^ 



iiVl^' t'^N^i%*N^ 



•^^^^N^^^Vl/* " <»i^>^N^»»t« 




mllCLEKDOK: 



February 2, 1909 



One Dollar Per Year 



I 




I 



Kai Fens' Fu Fagoda. 

Approximate figures: Height, 300 feet, diameter, 50 
feet, age, 550 years, stories, 13. In charge of Buddhist 
priests. City wall in the rear. — C. F. Appleton. 



Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois 



i^V^^<V^»'^^«i^^»^^<^ » i^/ow/^i*! 



•,^\;«WVil'N«to«MH>/\^«M«4Mi«»<^A«o/\/-«(>) 



^1 



if 



California 
Excursion 



Thursday, Feb. 11, 1909 



Will leave all points in Oklahoma for Butte Valley, Cal- 
ifornia. An excursion will leave Chicago the same day, 
leaving Omaha, Nebraska and Kansas City, Missouri 
on Friday, February 1 2, 1 909. All excursions will be 
consolidated at Cheyenne, Wyoming Saturday morning 
February 1 3. For rates, routes and other information 
write to 



j E. M. Cobb, 

Elgin, ill. 



Isaiah Wheeler, 

Oklahoma City, Okla., or 
Cerro Qordo, III. 

George L. McDonaugh, 

Colonization Agent Union Pacific R. R. 

Omaha, Neb. 



D. C. Campbell, 

Colfax, Ind. 



k 



tJ3'»vv*-**v^M^V* 



-^. 



i.t,^\fmt/^m 



••'b-Q 



Bargains in Books 



LIGHT ON LIFE'S HIGH- 
WAY. 

For the despondent; the tired and 
toiling; the doubting and the believing; 
containing the 
most valuable 
truths and max- 
ims; gems of 
knowledge and 
instruc- 
tion, brightest 
thoughts from 
the brightest 
minds. Light on 
all questions re- 
lating to daily 
life and conduct. 
Remedy for 
trouble; what to 
do in difflcult 
duty; service in hard places; special 
providence and many other living 
themes are fully treated in the rich 
storehouse of practical helps for every- 
day life. Over 600 pages and over 250 
engravings. 

Bound in fine cloth, silk finish, marble 
edges. 

Puljlishers' Price $2.75 

Our Price, postpaid, 1.25 

THE WORLD'S PROGRESS 
IN KNOWLEDGE, SCI- 
ENCE AND INDUS- 
TRY. 





The Instructor for home, school, office 
and workshop. For all occupations and 
walks of life. A -v'ast treasury and 
compendium of the achievements of 
man and the works of nature. Nearly 
400 photographic illustrations. Edited 
by Trumbull Wliite. Bound in cloth. 
Cover design stamped in gold. 768 
pages. 

Publishers' Price, $2.50 

Our Price, postpaid, 1.48 



A JOURNEY AROUND THE 
WORLD. 

A grand panorama of the world in 
story and picture. 

Reading this book is next to making 
a tour of the world. It is a tour of the 




world with the cliarmiiig description of 
cities, countries, historic scenes and 
strange and interesting peoples, as vis- 
ited by Professor Glee and his party of 
young people. 

Bound in cloth, stamped in colors and 
gold, over 400 pages and a picture on 
nearly every page. 

Putplishers' Price, $1.50 

Our Price, postpaid, . .• 90 

THE IDEAL LIFE, 

Or Royal Road to Success and 
Happiness. 

This book contains a vast treasury 
of the noblest truths and wisest max- 
ims for the in- 
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of old and 
young; showing 
the true aims 
and objects of 
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talks to young 
people on friend- 
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domestic life, 
and the mistakes 
and follies o f 
the times; the 
whole forming a most valuable library 
of important rules, which should gov- 
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is added the New Testament story in 
verse. This book should be in every 
library. Over 600 pages, with more 
than 150 illustrations, bound in cloth. 

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Our Price, postpaid, 1.30 






f*5ickS*ViB!i"o„ 



WEN '<;■'■. AV 

iS'ir . ^ Famous „ 

i,'> -WOMEN : 



FAMOUS WOMEN OF THE 
BIBLE. 

Charming characters and noble ex- 
amples. Comprising religious and social 
helps for mothers 
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the most striking 
scenes and events 
depicted in the 
lives of all the 
prominent women 
of the Bible. 

The graphic 

story of each has 

its own delightful 

charm, and this 

volume brings 

them all together 

and portrays with a master hand their 

beautiful traits and their immortal 

deeds. 

Contains over 550 pages and 'is em- 
bellished with over 100 beautiful photo- 
type engravings. Bound in fine cloth, 
marbled edges. 

Publishers' Price, $2.50 

Our Price, postpaid, 1,30 

BIBLE MODELS. 

Or shining lights of Scripture for old 
and young. True stories from real life. 
Based on a system of character exam- 
ples from the Book of Books. 536 pages. 
Size 6% X %V2. inches. Cloth; orna- 
mental sides. 
Our Price, postpaid, $1.20 

TEACHINGS OF JESUS AND 

THE LIVES OF HIS 

APOSTLES. 

The Sacred Teaching of Jesus is 
brought before the reader in the order 
of the Books of the New Testament in 

su<-]i n maviiM-r ;)s to charm the eye, in- 



TH€ T€ACHINGS (|i 

OFjesus J 




struct the mind, and move the heart. 
Profusely Illustrated witli many famous 
drawings. 517 pages. Bound in cloth 
with a handsome decorated cover. 

Publishers' Price, $1.75 

Our Price, postpaid, 98 



Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 









Sunflower Stories and 
Lullabies 

By Miss Olive A. Smith 

A collection of stories and verses for young folks. Miss 
Smith is a writer of considerable ability, contributing to 
several young people's papers regularly. 

The poems and stories found in this volume are among 
her very choicest productions. 

In remembrance of her home in Kansas, the Sunflower 
State, she has called the collection " Sunflower Stories and 
Lullabies." 



The book contains many such 
stories as " Mabel's Diamond," 
" The Story of a Bird," "A Real 
Boy," "An Adopted Family," 
"The Class in Number Seven," 
and " Sammy." Interspersed 
throughout are a large number of 
such poems as " In Chipmunk 
Town," " The Moon Baby King," 
"The Wise Crow," "The Mead- 
ow Preacher," and "The Bye-Low 
Boat." One hundred pages of the 
most delightful reading. The 
book is printed from large clear 
type, on a good quality of paper. 
The frontispiece is reproduced 
from a painting by David Emmert. Handsomely and sub- 
stantially bound, artistic side title, profusely illustrated. 

Price, prepaid, 50 Cents 

Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois 







THE INGLENOOK 



Condensed Lectures on 

ESCHATOLOGY 



The Doctrine of Final Things 

By Eld. T. T. Myers. 

These lectures were delivered be- 
fore the students of Mount Morris 
College during the fourteenth Annual 
Bible Institute. 

In order to close out the last 75 
copies of this book we are oflfer:ng 
it as long as the stock lasts at 10 
cents per copy postpaid. 

Order today. 

BBETHBEN FUBIiISHING HOUSE, 

Elgin, Illinois. 



What a Young Girl 
Ought to Know 

By Mrs. Mary Wood-Allen, M. D. 

A book of purity and truth that we 
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OUR 1909 GENERAL CATALOG 

contains description and price of nearly 1,000 Books; 17S Bibles and Testaments; 
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1. A Christmas Message — Wreath 4. Ten Commandments — Iris. 

of Holly. 5. Books of the Bible — Pond Lily. 

2. Twenty-third Psalm — Easter 6. The Beatitudes — Pansy. 
Lily. 7. Footpath to Peace — Violet. 

3. Lord's Prayer — Purple Clem- 8. The Corn and the Lilies — Lily 
atis. of the Valley. 

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Price, per dozen, postpaid, 60 

Price, per Hundred, postpaid, 4.50 

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Holmes' Green Prolific Pole Lima Bean 

Grows Green — Dries Green — Stays Green — Most Prolific 

Equals the Early Jersey or any other variety for earliness. More pro- 
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has that true, distinct, deep grass green color, and this color it retains 
when the Beans are shelled for market. The large pods hang In clusters 
of from five to eight, each pod containing from five to six beans. 

Stock extremely limited. Positively only three papers will be sold to any 
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Holmes' Delicious Early Sweet Corn 

Entirely new and distinct. Very early. Ready for market in 55 days. 
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ITo other seed house can offer these two sterling novelties this year 

HOLMES SEED CO., HARRISBURG, PA. 




Results Are What Count 



Results of Some Crops Raised in Idaho, 1908 



TIEI^D OP 


BEETS. 1 




Nampa District. 










Tons 


Name 


Acres 


per A. 


Mark 


Austin, . . 


Sfi 


IS 


Company Farm, 


ao 


16 


Allen 


Bissett, . 


2 


18 


Tolef 


Olsen. . . . 


4 


17H 


C. G. 


Nofziger, 


S) 


19 


Geo. 


Duval, . . . 


6 


26 



A. C. Coonard, .. 6 18i^ 

Geo. Duval 170 14 

Rogers' Farm, . . 20 24 

Gough & Merrill,. 10 18 

A. V. Linder, ... 25 16 

David Belts, ... 14 15 

Fayette District. 

C. M. Williams, . 5 19 

W. F. Ashlnhurst, 3% 18 

E. E. Hunter, ... 27 16 



Wm. Hansen, . . 
Melclier & Boor, 
A. E. Wood, 
P. A. Gregar, 
R. F. Slone, 
Thos. Weir, 
Wm. Melcher, 
S. Niswander, 
John Ward, 
W. B. Ross, 



Nampa District. 

The results of grain crop following the 
beet crop. 

Kind of Bushels 
G-rain per A. A. 

I. Hildreth, Wheat 58 15 



Gough & Merrill, 
Joe Dickens, 
Sugar Company, 
Geo. Duval, 
John Holtom, 
Albert Mickels, 



Oats 

Wheat 

Barley 

Barley 

Wheat 

Oats 



6 
37 
18 

6 

5 
14 
21 
26 
10 

6 

100 
56 
60 
75 
52 
90 



16 
15 
16 
15 
15 
23 
22 
17 
22 
23 



17 
20 
40 
35 
20 
9 



These results are only from a few points and a few individuals. Some 
localities report even greater yields, and show the possibilities of the coun- 
try. The fruit crop was very good; many of the growers realized from $700 
to $800 an acre for their apple crop this year, clear of all expenses. More 
land was sold in Idaho in 1908 than in any previous year. Land is still cheap. 
Settlers are going in very fast and the best opportunities will soon be taken. 

Homeseeker Round Trip Rates are in effect on the first and third Tues- 
days of January and February, 1909, as follows: From Chicago to Black- 
foot, Idaho, $42.50; Boise, Idaho, $57.50; Butte, Montana, $42.50; Caldwell, 
Idaho, $57.50; Hailey, Idaho, $53.60; Huntington, Oregon, second-class, 
$57.50; Idaho Falls, Idaho, $42.50; Ketchum, Idaho, $54.60; Market Lake, 
Idaho, $42.50; Mountain Home, Idaho, $53.90; Nampa, Idaho, $57.20; On- 
tario, Oregon, $57.50; Pocatello, Idaho, $42.50; Salt Lake City, Utah, $39.00; 
Shoshone, Idaho, $49.00; Twin Falls, Idaho, $50.80; Weiser, Idaho, $57.50. 

Colonist One Way Cheap Rates will be in effect from March 1 to April 
30, 1909, inclusive. 

Write at once for printed matter giving full particulars about Idaho and 
its possibilities, climate and other attractions. 



S. Bock 



D. E. Burley 



Colonization Agent, Dayton, Ohio Q.P.A.,O.S.L.R.R., Salt Lake City, Utah 



ml NSbE-NOOK 



Vol. XI. 



February 2, 1909. 



No. 5. 



KAI FENG FU, CHINA 



C. F. APPLETON 



THE city of Kai Feng Fu is situated about one 
thousand miles northwest of Shanghai and 
about four hundred miles south of Peking, and 
six miles south of the Yellow River. It is the capital 
and principal city of the Province of Honari. Al- 
though the Yellow River is one of the principal water- 
ways of China, it is comparatively useless for naviga- 
tion on account of its lack of depth and treacherous 
shoals. 

Kai Feng Fu is reached from Shanghai, the leading 
port for the Celestial Empire, by a trip of four days on 
a river steamer up the mighty Yangtse River a dis- 
tance of six hundred miles to Hankow, the Chicago of 
China. From Hankow the balance of the journey may 
now be made in two days — a trip which formerly re- 
quired several weeks. The railway recently construct- 
ed by French and Belgian capitalists from Hankow to 
Peking — about seven hundred miles — now has daily 
trains in operation and is a great help in tlie develop- 
ment of the country, although it is a sore spot to the 
Chinese government, as it is still in the hands of for- 
eign capitalists. 

The city of Kai Feng Fu is enclosed by a wall about 
forty feet high, thirty feet wide at the top and sixty 
feet wide at the base. A layer of extra large well- 
burnt brick, laid in lime, forms the outside, but the in- 
side is earth with a coat of cement on the top, thus 
keeping a roadway on top of the wall in good condition 
and preserving the wall from decay. The outer brick 
work rises some eight feet above this cement wall and 
every few feet has alternate loopholes and rectangu- 
lar indentations. The city has five gates which are 
carefully closed every night at dusk. On the wall 
above the gateways large two-story buildings or towers 
are built for protection and for the artistic effect. The 
main wall is said to be fourteen miles long and en- 
closes an area of twelve square miles, two-thirds or 
more being covered by the brick buildings, streets, etc. 
The streets, which are wider than those of most Chi- 



nese cities, will compare favorably with the narrow 
streets of some American cities. 

Instead of the street car, however, the traveler need 
walk but few steps before he will find a rickshaw 
ready to carry him much faster than he can walk. The 
rickshaw, which was introduced into this city about 
two years ago, much resembles a small covered buggy 
except that it is drawn by a man. The fare is usually 
about two cents a mile. If the passenger is nervous 
or afraid of an upset, the far-famed wheelbarrow or 
the native cart is still at his disposal. The latter is 
a two-wheeled springless vehicle with a cloth cover 
over a wooden frame. There is usually a small win- 
dow on each side. It is drawn by a horse, a donkey, 
or a mule. It is not an uncommon sight to see a horse, 
a donkey, a mule and a bullock all hitched up to- 
gether to an uncovered country cart. For special occa- 
sions, such as marriages and funerals, the sedan chair 
is used. It is also proper for officials to use these 
chairs when traveling in the city. This is a covered 
frame work, about three feet square and five feet high, 
to which two long poles are fastened for being carried 
on the shoulders of two, four, six or more men, ac- 
cording to the rank of the person and the significance 
of the occasion. The chair is usually decorated with 
cloth or silk of various colors and other ornaments. 
The chairs of officials are preceded by a bodyguard of 
soldiers. In case of marriage, in conducting the bride 
from her father's to her husband's home, the chairs 
occupied by the bride and groom are usually preceded 
by a company of boys or men, some wearing gay, odd- 
shaped hats and carrying signs, flags, musical instru- 
ments, etc. Many other strange sights meet the eye 
of the foreigner who has spent any length of time 
in a heathen city. 

Some of the most notable places of this provincial 
capital are the following that are worthy of mention : 

The " Long Ting," or old palace, formerly occupied 
by the Emperor wlien this city was the capital of the 



)8 



TIIK INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1900. 



Middle Kingdom. The buildings are now being used 
as a Buddhist temple. Travelers may still see the 
massive stone on which the Emperor's throne was for- 
merly located. It is a solid rock cube of about six 
feet on each edge and has dragon figures carved on 
four sides. In many places it is now as smooth as 
glass on account of having been rubbed by the hands 
of so many sight-seers for several centuries. 

During the reign of " Kong Uh " in tlie fourteentli 
century, his majesty built a magnificent pagoda in the 
northern part of this city which still stands as a memo- 
rial of his reign, and is one of the wonders of the 
city. It is built of brick, the outside being of colored 
pressed material which has resisted the storms of many 
ages and is now in excellent condition. The pagoda 
has thirteen stories ; is about two hundred feet high ; 
is octagonal in shape with a diameter of perhaps fifty 
feet. By winding stairs on the inside the traveler 
may ascend to the pinnacle of this guardian angel of 
the city and secure a 
good view of the sur- 
rounding country. At 
the top of each flight 
of steps is an idol, the 
one at the summit be- 
ing of iron and bear- 
ing the name of the 
Emperor at whose ex- 
pense the pagoda was 
built. In a separate 
building in front of 
the tower is a large 
brass image of Bud- 
dha about twenty feet 
in height and five feet 
in diameter. 

Another interesting 
sight is a stone monument in one of the Buddhist tem- 
ples, or court connected therewith, which commem- 
orates the three great floods which have swept over the 
city, carrying death and destruction in their track. The 
city is scarcely more than six miles from the Yellow 
River which in times of unusually heavy rains over- 
flows its banks and covers the whole valley which is 
a low-lying, sandy territory. It was after one of these 
floods that the imperial family left the city and sought 
a safer place of residence. The population is not more 
than half of what it formerly was in trnies of greatest 
prosperity. 

Another interesting monument is a stone tablet erect- 
ed by the Jews many centuries ago. It is the last 
trace of their old synagogue which once was in a very 
flourishing condition. The site is now a dumping 
ground for rubbish and filth of the vicinity, but is 
.still made certain by this memorial stone. Chinese 
characters are engraved on it and the writing gives 
some idea of their doctrines and of the establishment 




The North Gate of Kai FenK Fii a 

the Dark, Semi-Circular Opening 

Gate Leads Up on the W 



of their religion in the heart of this vast empire. Eight 
families of Jews still remain to remind the world of 
the certainty of the fulfilment of the prophecies of 
God's Word relating to his ancient people, predicting 
their dispersion among the nations. 

The Mohammedan temples in the city are also 
worthy of mention. Of these the principal one is locat- 
ed near the east gate where a large per cent of the 
people are followers of the false prophet. They claim 
that three thousand families come under the sway of 
this one temple. They have a very strong hold upon 
the people and seem to be adding to their numbers in 
this section of the country. 

The city was opened to foreign residents after the 
Boxer troubles of the memorable year of 1900 in which 
so many martyrs loved not their lives unto the death but 
sealed their testimony with their blood. At present 
there are three Protestant missions working in the 
citv : also a Roman Catholic and a Greek Catholic 

mission. Some from 
the multitudes have 
accepted the Christian 
faith and the gospel 
influence, bring- 
ing light to those who 
sit in heathen dark- 
ness. 

The race of man- 
kind would perish did 
they cease to aid each 
other. From the time 
that the mother binds 
the child's head till 
the moment that some 
kind assistant wipes 
the death damp from 
the brow of the dying, we cannot exist without mutual 
help. All, therefore, that need aid have a right to ask 
it from their fellow mortals ; no one who holds the 
power of granting can refuse without guilt. — Sir 
Walter Scott. 

4^V t^v w^ 

STEAM OCEAN TRAVEL. 

T. n. FERNALD. 

In steam ocean travel there has been as great ad- 
vancement as in other industries. To prove this 
statement, let me mention two ocean steamers which 
show great advancement along this line. 

The London Times (England) of May 18, 1819, 
contained the following item in regard to an expected 
event, which actually occurred : 

" Great Experiment. — A new steam vessel of 300 
tons has been built at New York, for the express pur- 
pose of carrying passengers across the Atlantic. She 
is to come direct to Liverpool." 



nd Tower. Entrance Is Through 
in the Front. The SmaU, Side 
all. Closed Every Night. 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



99 



This steamer, named the Savannah, was the first 
to cross the Atlantic. She was built at New York by 
Francis Ficket, and her engines built by Stephen Vail, 
and she was launched August 22, 1818. She carried 
only seventy-five tons of coal and twenty-five cords of 
wood. 

Under the command of Capt. Moses Rogers, of 
New London, Conn., the Saz'annah sailed from the 
port of Savannah, Ga., May 25, 1819, bound for St. 
Petersburg, via Liverpool, reaching the latter port on 
June 20, having used steam 18 days out of the twenty- 
si.x. She was also bark-rigged, and used sails most 
of the time. 

We will next refer to the Etrnria, of the Cunard 
line, which made the fastest time of any ocean steamer 
up to her time (1885). She was 520 feet long, 57 
feet beam, and 41 feet deep to upper deck — 49 feet 
to promenade deck — of 8,000 tons, and 14,500 horse- 
power, built of steel throughout, and was " not classed 
in any of the books, as her construction exceeded by 
far the requirements of any of the book surveyors." 

She was divided into ten water-tight compartments ; 
most of the bulklieads were carried to the upper deck. 
She had three steel masts, bark-rigged, and could 
spread a very large area of canvas when required. 
The Etniria carried 3,000 tons of coal, and burned, 
on an average, 320 tons every twenty-four hours. 

She left Oueenstown, Sunday, August 16, 1885, 
arriving in New York, Saturday, August 22, at 3 :35 
P. M., making tlie passage in six days, five hours, and 
forty-four minutes. The first day's run, counting 
from 2:26 P. M. Sunday, to the following noon, was 
424 knots, followed by 464, 450, 465, 464, 464, and 
70 knots from noon to 3 : 35 P. M. the last day. 

The distance the Etruria traveled — 2,801 knots, or 
3,250 statute miles — shows that she maintained the 
unusual speed of twenty-one and one-half miles per 
hour continuous steaming the entire voyage. The 
best single day's run was made on the second west- 
Avard voyage when she steamed 481 nautical — SS7 
statute — miles, at a speed of more than 25 miles per 
hour. 

The cost of running these great ocean liners is 
something enormous. We are told that " many on the 
Atlantic Ocean cost from $600,000 to $800,000 per 
voyage, while some of the Pacific mail steamships 
have an expense of from $800,000 to $1,200,000 per 
voyage." This expense, of course, includes, provi- 
sions, fuel, help, etc. 

Belfast, Me. 

^v tJSw ^* 

A DISAPPOINTMENT FOR THE DEVIL. 

IR.\ P. DE.'iN. 

If there is any part of Harrisburg that has had 
a hard fight with " Demon Alcohol," it is the east 
end, " Allison Hill." Nearly every year there is a 
hot fight over the saloon question. 



But the best part of it all is, the devil will have to 
put up a better fight than he did a few years ago or 
he will never win out. Allison Hill has over five 
thousand homes, a population of over twenty thou- 
sand and not one saloon. Some years ago the devil 
took advantage of the small number of people on 
Allison Hill and succeeded in placing two saloons just 
at the foot of the hill at Tenth and Market Streets, 
but he has never got up the hill yet. 

About two years ago a representative of the devil 
put in his application for a license for a saloon to be 
located in the heart of the Allison Hill district near 
Reservoir Park in a beautiful residential district near 
one of the finest parks in Pennsylvania. He argued 
that in order to make the park more up-to-date there 
sould be a hotel near it, and since the farmers attend- 
ing the Hill market were obliged to find their accom- 
modations at restaurants and livery stables, a hotel was 
absolutely necessary. A hotel was necessary to ac- 
commodate visitors who desired to stay near the park 
and many other reasons he put forth. 

Now Allison Hill had fifteen churches and they 
were awake too ; they had committees at work with 
remonstrances, who succeeded in getting the farmers 
to sign them, stating they were willing to abide by the 
present order of inconveniences rather than patronize 
a hotel or see one on the Hill. One Sunday after- 
noon a great mass meeting was held in one of the big 
churches. The building wasj crowded, everything 
went against the saloon. The saloon representative 
had over four hundred on his petition for a license 
and on the following day the license would be granted. 
Over 2,100 names were filed a,gainst the saloon, but 
the judge need pay no attention to that if he chose to 
grant the license. 

When the meeting was about closing an old gentle- 
man got up and said, " This saloon fi,ght has become 
an annual occurrence and it is time for the church peo- 
ple of this section of the city to rise against it as final 
and let the devil know that he cannot put his shop on 
the Hill under any circumstances. I would therefore 
suggest that all who have signed that remonstrance 
and any one else who opposes. the saloon, who can, 
assemble at this church tomorrow morning at eight 
o'clock and march in a body to the courthouse and 
personally protest against the granting of the license 
for this saloon." 

The entire audience was in favor of it and plans 
were at once made to carry out the suggestion. When 
Monday morning came the applicant for the license 
got the news of the forming of an army to march 
against him and before the army had a chance to 
start for the courthouse, the devil's representative 
hurried to the courthouse and withdrew his applica- 
tion. The news of his withdrawing his application 
and the action and victory of the church was heralded 

(Continuod on Page 105.) 



100 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



AROUND THE WORLD WITHOUT 

A CENT 



HENRY M. SPICKLER 



Chapter XLIII. 

A BLACK hearse, drawn by black horses and fol- 
lowed by a long line of mourners, or by a few, is one 
of the most universal sights common to us all, yet it 
is the one that always causes us to look twice and 
think thrice. 

Some one in Catania had lost a dear friend. Some 
one was sadder for the loss. Though I am voyaging 
around the world I, too, must pay the price of living — 
death. It is the one common fate of us all. Sicily is 
fading from view as the sea comes between us and I 
will not forget 
the passing of the 
solemn cortege 
with brilliant gar- 
lands flying heav- 
ily to hide the 
marks of death. 
I am full of hap- 
py, expectant life. 
Back there in Ca- 
tania, where ripen 
sweet oranges 
and hang burst- 
ing figs of seedy 
sugar, a fafnily is 
in sorrow. The 
good father, 
brave for life's 
battles and eager 
to care for his 
children, the true 
husband, closely 
twined in human 
aflfection to the 

maker of his home, has gone into the silent world of 
spirits. I must take back my statement that Sicily 
might be an Eden if her forests had been spared. 
That is not her worst enemy, for she still has sin and 
death, the first, last and worst enemies of the race. 
Though the dead man rode in a hearse covered with 
flowers, and appeared thus to be riding to his corona- 
tion and not to endless night, he was still the victim 
of the dread plague that shall smite the strongest of 
us down. 

T* *> *F *!* 'K 

The more I sea of the sailors- the better I like them. 



They are more religious and sincere in their work 
than sailors often are on the northern routes. The 
days pass all too swiftly, for my eyes never tire of 
the blue Mediterranean. The delight of sailing on a 
small ship where the sea is usually calm is also a point 
in my favor. I feel more at home here. I can get 
over the boat more quickly. It is closer to the water. 
It rocks more gently. There is less tremor in the ma- 
chinery. The few passengers aboard make the ones 
who are here more interesting to the crew and officers. 
They are more solicitous for our welfare, and we can 

have what we 
like, when we 
like it, and in 
as great quan- 
tity. 

In fact, my 
passage does not 
include food, as 
I think I stated, 
but I am getting 
it just the same. 
I am paying 
about a dollar a 
day for the ride, 
and while the 
company could 
not guarantee 
my meals in the 
dining - room, I 
did have a hint 
that the sailors 
would not let me 
starve. 

These sailors 
usually take their meals up on deck, eating from one 
big dish. When they gather about the foredeck thus, 
they whistle for me, and I go up and join them. The 
boy who brings up the food gives me a dishful also, 
counting me as one of the crczv. And I am. For 
don't I pull at the ropes and work the machine and 
get the loading devices out of fix? But I talk to them 
and sing for them and walk on my hands and do va- 
rious things to amuse them. These sailors live well 
on board. They are served plenty of the best fruit, 
with all the macaroni they like and well-cooked beef. 
The dessert is always a bottle of wine of better quality, 




' For don't I pull at the ropes and work the machine and get the loading devices 

out of fix?" 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



101 



the\- tell me, than that usuall)' given at meals. So I 
am living with these sailors and am learning their life. 
Their kindness to me is so great I wonder sometimes 
why they are so thoughtful. But I like them, and am 
not afraid of them, even if they are made up, of Ital- 
ians, Greeks and Turks. Only one of them speaks En- 
glish, for he was in America for some time and now 
has returned to his native land. But his heart longed 
for America and he was always speaking in praise of 
her wonderful institutions. " Yes, sir," he would say 
to his sailor fellows, " I've been in that man's country." 
Then he would. draw in a full breath and say, " That's 
tiie nlace to be — Chicago. My, ain't that town great? " 

Every sailor not on duty (and usually at evening 
most of our crew not working at the furnaces or en- 
gines) was free to sit on deck and engage in the va- 
rious games usual to sailing. As the sea was perfectly 
smooth and the wind a calm, the least order from any 
part of the boat could 
be heard distinctly ; 
the sailors had much 
more leisure than 
could be granted them 
on a big liner. Then, 
too, they had their 
"shifts" on and 
■' shifts " off, when a 
set of them could 
sleep or read, and a 
set went about their 
duties. 

With all of this 
ideal leisure to my- 
self, I was not idle, 
t was busy reading 
from the Bible, a good 
book on travel or oth- 
er subjects, and the 
magazines carried by 

every ship. Especially was I studying what maps of 
the Mediterranean and the world I could find, looking 
intently at that spot over which I knew I was sailing, 
for long moments. 

When this picture appeared in a former letter I was 
wrong in saying that the dark fellow with cap on, near 
the center, had been to America. It was the bare- 
headed, coatless one leaning against him. You will 
see that he has caught part of the Yankee expression 
of face, for there is more power, more independence 
and more hope in his face than in the faces of those 
around him. The sailor at the extreme right is a fine 
fellow, a gentleman, but he is still a son of the Levant. 
No Yankee would thus hold his cap and manifest the 
easy surrender of bearing which this sailor shows. 
The little boy with pretty, round face and full cheeks, 
wearing a broad sailor hat and holding a slender pole, 
is the crew's mascot. He was our angel and the idol 



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boy who brings up the fo 
di.shful 



of all. This uneducated boy had the most wonderful 
voice of any child I ever heard. He sang from the 
great masters like a student. Operatic selections re- 
quiring trained vocalists of mature development he 
handled with greatest ease. I believe his voice was a 
real virtuoso. Long through the moonlight evenings 
he sang for us on deck. No matter who had been sing- 
ing, or what story was being told, or game played, 
everything stopped the second his voice rang clear in 
song. He had that catching something that only oc- 
casional singers have, a charm that cast a soothing 
spell of romance over your whole being. 

The sailors are now gathered on the " poop," just 
" fore " of the foremast near the " hatch " hole, under 
the big loading derrick. 

M. night there was a dance on board with good mu- 
sic from Italian instruments. The men danced alone, 
or with men, but never with women. The sailors were 

captivated with this 
form of recreation 
and the y swung 
around the curving 
deck and embraced 
each other .vith the 
ardor and with as 
nuch fondness as do 
men .dancing with 
women. It was the 
music of motion and 
the poetry of motion 
that brought their 
tired bodies relief in 
the daily dance. 
When it was all over 
they returned to their 
important posts of 
duty, as one man, 
filled with glad cheer 
and glad they were 
serving as sailors on a Mediterranean vessel. There 
was almost no roughness. There was no fighting, no 
drunkenness and no stabbing. I would not call them 
" dagoes," and it always pains me to hear these coun- 
trymen of ours spoken of in that way. " Dago " is the 
" nigger " of the colored race, and good-hearted, 
thoughtful people never say " nigger." " Nigger " 
pushes down. " Colored man " helps him up. " Ital- 
ian." pronounced with musical tone due the vowels 
used, and in syllables, — I-tal-i-an, — sounds well, is .well. 
No one aboard speaks English but myself. The 
.•\merican sailor uses a few words as also does the cap- 
tain, in necessity. 

. While the captain and mate were " looking out '.' on 
the bridge I went up and with his permission took 
their picture. There was no foolishness in this man 
as in most sea captains. He was a noble man, attentive 
to his duties and paying strict attention to business. 



od for the sailors brings me a 
also." 



102 



THE I NGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



His daughter and the daughter of the mate, both from 
college in Geneva, are aboard with their fathers on a 
health excursion. 1 tried to talk to them, but the}' 
knew only a little French and much less English. They 
were both eating nearly all the time. I don't see any 
sickness about them, and they seem full of spirits. \\'e 
are passing some beautiful little islands that rise out of 
the sea high into the blue above them. These isles 
are vestiges of volcanoes that once spouted fire, mud 
and lava. On the ship's chart these little islets are 
marked and named. But you never see them in your 
geography. A captain must know a thousand times 
more than any geography teaches. It is amazing to 
see how his skill at navigation enables him to shun 
these rocky dangers and pass, now on one side, now 
on the other of them, or between them, or on one side 
only, as he desires. 
For the sea is known 
pretty well, and the 
location of every 
projecting rock or 
island in the well- 
traveled waters is 
known exactly. 

When the fog 
comes down or 
cloudy storms beat 
the sea into fury, 
the captain steers by 
distance already 
come and by the last 
known points. Some 
of this is guesswork 
and then the vessel 
sometimes strikes a 
rock or runs 
aground, with loss 
to the ship and 
sometimes to all on 
board. If but the 

faintest glimpse of the sun can be seen, or if its exact 
location in the heavens is known, the captain can tell 
just where his boat is on the sea. We have just passed 
between two islands that did not seem to be more than 
a half mile apart. In the darkness I can't see how he 
could just miss, and not hit, one or the other of these 
islands. I see no lighthouses. 

We are running into Crete. Acts 27 tells of Paul's 
shipwreck here, how the sailors ran close to the shore 
of Crete for fear of the high seas and storm, and were 
driven to a small island, called Cauda, and were 
washed up in the sands. I suppose I saw this island, 
but I am not sure which one was Canda. 

All Rights Reserved. 




The Captain and Mate. 



PROVERBS AND QUOTATIONS. 
When you have done a really good thing, do not 
stop to talk about it, but do another. 

Doing the little things has caused many a man to 
get big. 

Sometimes a minute of thinking is better than a 
hustle. Who so cuts a straight path to his own living 
by the help of God, in the sun and rain and sprouting 
grain, is a universal working man. He solves that pro- 
blem of life, not for one but for all men of sound 
body. . 

Take things easy if you want to have a hard time. 
Even the man who is truthful in the daytime may 
lie awake at night. 

Cool judgment doesn't come from a hot head. 
Be accurate in all you undertake, remembering that 

slipshod feet will 
surely produce 
blistered heels. 

Always buy ther- 
mometers in cold 
weather, while 
they are down. 

A just man can 
run up his own 
business without 
running his neigh- 
bor's business 
down. 

He who broods 
over troubles is 
sure to hatch 
many new ones. 

" With malice 

toward none, with 

charity for all, with 

firmness in the 

right." This im- 

mortal quotation 

was made by 

Abraham Lincoln in his second inaugural address. 

This is a very befitting motto for every Christian as a 

guidance for the new year and henceforth. 

" God bless my mother ! All I am or hope to be 
I owe to her," is another quotation of this noble son. 

There is an eye that never sleeps, 

Beneath the wing of night; 
There is an ear that never shuts. 

When sink the beams of light; 
There is an arm that never tires, 

When human strength gives way; 
There is a love that never fails 

When earthly loves decay. 

Heaven is above all ! There sits a Judge that no 
king can corrupt ! 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



103 



THE SUPERFLUOUS BOY 

ELIZABETH M. ROYER 



Chapter II. 

From the distance the summoning schoolbell came 
toning forth. Francis got up and started out of tlie 
back gate across lots to school. He did not go far 
before fate met him in the shape of Tarn. 

" Francis Homer Peasley," she exclaimed in horror, 
" don't you know better than to go to school looking 
like that? Just look at the dirt on your face. You 
haven't any tie, and your waist is something awful. 

And your shoestrings ! " She paused for lack 

of adequate words to express herself, — " And your 
shoestrings are something monstrous. You have not 
tied them up at all. They are just around your ankle. 
Do you suppose I am going to have a brother in 
school looking like that? Come right back home and 
get cleaned up." 

" We will be late," weakly interposed Francis. A 
guilty conscience needs no accuser, and he felt doubly 
guilty at the truthful onslaught from Tarn. He fol- 
lowed her back, meekly submitting to her scoldings 
and pulls at his clothing all the way. It was fate ; 
what was the use of doing otherwise, since he couldn't 
be happy anyway? 

" Mama." exclaimed Tam, " just look at this boy. 
Did you ever see a'nything like it ? He was on his way 
to school, too. Do vou think we are going to have our 
reputation spoiled by our brother looking like this ? 
I don't see why he couldn't have been a girl anyway. 
Just look at him now. What do you suppose the 
teacher would say if she saw him? " 

Francis stood in guilty silence, defenceless. 

" For pity's sake, child, you don't mean to say you 
were going to school looking like this? Haven't you 
any respect for your parents and sisters? What do 
you think the teacher would think of us if we let you 
go like that? Didn't I tell you to come in and get 
washed ? Answer me. Didn't I ? " 

" I forgot," was the faltering reply. 

" Forgot, well, you won't forget again in a hurry. 
Go on to school, Tam, I will see to Francis. Here, 
hurry up and get clean. Tonight when you come 
home you are to go straight to bed and not have any 
supper for this. Do you understand?" 

Francis nodded in tearful silence. 

" Well, go on now. Likely you will be late. Tell 
the teacher the truth. Don't say I kept you. It's 
your own fault." 

As she had been scolding, jNIrs. Peasley had also 
been vigorously applying soap and water to his stained 
face and begrimed hands. She hurriedly sent him 
awav to school, after she had hustled him into clean 



clothes, with the command " to be a nice good boy 
and a credit to his parents and dear sisters." 

That evening, as Francis returned home, the 
pleasures of the young spring never, it seemed to him, 
had appealed to his senses so strongly. To pass a 
group of boys shooting away at marbles on a damp 
mound of bare earth, to go around others spinning 
tops on the hard walks, to feel his sling-shot pressing 
against him in his hip pocket uncomfortably, yet hav- 
ing no thought of the discomfort, as he saw the first 
robins flitting about the trees, and to have to go 
straight home without once stopping at the football 
ground made his lagging footsteps lag more slowly 
and his heavy heart weigh more heavily as he climbed 
the stairs to his room and sat down on a chair by the 
window which overlooked the kindling pile. ' His head 
dropped on the window-sill as he stared out, unsee- 
ingly, through tears that rolled, one by one, unheeded, 
down his cheeks. After a while he dozed off to sleep. 

He was awakened by Scrub, barking coaxingly 
under the window. As he raised it and looked down, 
he could see by the light of the stars that had pierced 
the blue darkness the indistinct form of his pet, mak- 
ing little dashes from the window to the gate that led 
into the meadow. There smoke was curling up and 
lines of fire pictured forth grotesque figures flashing to 
and fro. Could it be that the sun had dried the spongy 
ground enough during the day that they could have 
prairie fires? He heard the faint, distant shout of 
the boys. There at the head of the " gang " was his 
place. He must fill that place. The voices of the 
family floated murmuringly up from the parlor. 
The stair-door had been left open so that they could 
easily detect any sound he might make, for once he 
had emptied the bureau drawers on a like occasion. 
On going into the hall and listening he heard Tam 
and Marie laughingly telling some girl friend of his 
enforced imprisonment. And the girl was Annette, 
his " lady of love and beauty." After hearing this, she 
would turn up her independent, little stub nose at him 
and give her smiles to Tom Green, who also greatly de- 
sired to find favor in her eyes by laying his conquered 
heart at her feet. The only way for him, now that 
this last vanquishing blow had come, was to gain all 
possible fun from the prairie fire before his disgrace 
would become public. 

Stealthily he crept across his room and slid over the 
window-sill on the roof of the kitchen. Then with 
careful steps, he climbed down the trellis of the grape. 
arbor that had been been built against the kitchen. 



104 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



Scrub came bouncing up, and together they slipped 
through the back gate and ran away to the fire. 

When the last grass had been burnt, when they all 
had been_ thoroughly perfumed with the smoke, sweet 
to their nostrils but repulsive to the more fastidious, 
when the last borrowed broom had been blackened 
to the handle, and when the last boy had gone home, 
Francis sat down on a stone to think. Troubles had 
been forgotten during the excitement of seeing who 
could come nearest without hann; girls and sisters 
were far from his thoughts when he was gallantly pro- 
tecting the fence from the crackling, devouring 
flames; a supperless stomach had little sympathy in 
the intoxicating pleasure of starting new trails of fire ; 
but now he must face life in earnest. Times come 
to all when none can decide for them, when only they, 
themselves, are capable of seeing clearly both sides 
of the questions that, when settled, lead to the crises 
of life. So it was with Francis as he sat considering 
the easiest way out. The stolen pleasure had given 
him encouragement, had driven from his mind much 
of the melancholy that had made him hopeless so few 
hours before. 

If he went back, they would smell the smoke on 
his clothes in the morning, at least Tarn would, and 
punish him. Now he had no desire for punishment, 
and he sat with his chin buried in his singed hand, 
looking carefully at all sides of his trouble in his 
efforts to plan a way out. If, in some way, he could 
arouse sympathy for himself, they would forget his 
sins and he would stand the petted and indulged 
favorite. Once when he had almost died with the 
measles, he remembered that even Tam had set aside 
her much-loved dolls to entertain him. He didn't see 
how he could get the measles or any other disease 
over night, and to break a leg or arm was out of the 
question. But, here was an idea. Why not go to his 
grandmother who had many times befriended him, 
and, he knew, secretly sympathized with him and 
staunchly stood up for him before the family? Should 
he not appear at breakfast in the morning, they would 
probably think he had been kidnaped. That was 
the thing to do, go to his grandmother and throw 
himself on her mercy. Without more ado, he called 
Scrub to heel and started a mile or more across the 
Jown to where his spry, jolly grandmother lived alone. 

(To Be Continued.) 

(,?* «,?• t?* 

BUSINESS PHILOSOPHY. 

Play is work that you don't have to do. 

Never hire a traveling man whose waistcoat is 
more insistent than his personality. 

Don't rise so high in your calling that you see only 
one side of your fellows. 

It's true that a marble statue has no faults, — but 
then it has no friends, either. 



There are plenty of doors labeled " Pull," but the 
majority, after all, bear the legend " Push." 

There are self-made men in this world who ought 
to be suffering from remorse. — Lippincotl's. 

^% f^V ^^ 

IT TAKES COURAGE. 

To live according to your convictions. 
Not to bend the knee to popular prejudice. 
To say " No," squarely when those around you say 
" Yes." 

To be what you are, and not pretend to be what you 
are not. 

To refuse to knuckle and bend tlie knee to the 
wealthy, even though poor. 

To remain in honest poverty while others grow rich 
by questionable methods. 

To speak the truth when, by a little prevarication, 
you can get some good advantage. 

To live honestly within your means, and not dishon- 
estly upon the means of others. 

To stand firmly erect while others are bowing and 
fawning for ; raise and power. 

To reiust to do a thing which you think is wrong, 
becau-e it is customary and done in trade. 

Wl: .1 mortified and embarrassed by humiliating dis- 
aster, to seek in the wreck or ruin the elements of 
future conquest. 

To face slander and lies, and to carry yourself with 
cheerfulness, grace and dignity for years before the 
lie can be corrected. 

To do your duty in silence, obscurity, and poverty, 
while others about you prosper through neglecting or 
violating sacred obligations. 

To be talked about, and yet remain silent when a 
word would justify you in the eyes of others, but which 
you cannot speak without injury to another. 

To throw up a position with a good salary when it 
is the only business you know, and you have a family 
depending upon you, because it does not have your un- 
qualified approval. — Success Magazine. 

^^n %3^ %^^ 

THERE WILL BE NO CHANCES THIS YEAR 
FOR— 

The idler. 

The leaner. 

The coward. 

The wobbler. 

The smatterer. 

The indifferent. 

The educated fool. 

The impractical theorist. 

Those who watch the clock. 

The slipshod and the careless. 

The young man who lacks backbone. 

The person who is afraid of obstacles. 

The boy who shirks at school.— rExchange. 



i 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



105 



CHINA BATTLING TO BE FREE. 

We of the United States, who are making some 
slight progress in our fight against the liquor traffic, 
need not suppose that we have a monopoly on virtue 
or that no other nation is waging a battle for right- 
eousness. China is fighting also, a much harder battle 
against a more terrible foe. On the outcome of her 
contest depends the freedom of one hundred million 
people who are now held in bondage to the opium 
traffic. It is easy to start a reform in China, far easier 
than here, for it is necessary only to convince the 
rulers of its righteousness to have it ordered at once. 

The measures which the government has adopted 
are systematic. In the first place, all dens have been 
ordered closed. They are not all closed, for a pro- 
hibition is usually ineffective except as backed up by 
public opinion. And public sentiment is no easier to 
mold in China than anywhere else. A missionary, 
the Rev. Charles L. Storrs, Jr., describes a ceremony 
to which the missionaries of Shao-wu were invited, 
to celebrate the opening of an opium refuge. They 
were there by special invitation and were requested to 
bear some part in the ceremony. They wasted an liour 
and a half waiting for " his placid slowness," the 
prefect, to arrive, but when it came to a part of the 
program in which they were most interested, the 
local dignitaries would stand only ten minutes of it. 
"We saw some official fidgeting while we sang a 
Christian patriotic hymn," he writes, "although we 
had been invited to do this very thing; and, then, 
after a few remarks by the foreigner, while our cul- 
tured teacher was making some very good and ap- 
propriate points, the whole group up and waddled out 
without so much as a courtesy." As a matter of fact, 
the whole performance was undoubtedly ordered by 
some of the officials higher up and the little local 
dignitaries, anxious to have something to report, asked 
the missionaries and all the foreigners to join in the 
dedication exercises. But the hearts of the natives 
were not in the reform and it will proceed but slowly 
there and in many other places. 

In addition to this order closing the opium dens, 
China has commanded the poppy farmers to reduce 
their crop 10 per cent per year. It is from poppies 
that the drug is made and China means to do all in 
her power to blot out its manufacture as well as its 
sale. Agricultural experts are being sent to those 
farmers whose land has been used for the growth of 
poppies in the past to show them what other crops 
can be profitably raised, so that no one will be de- 
prived of his living by the reform, if the govern- 
ment can prevent. And with the agriculturists go 
also missionaries, showing lantern slides and holding 
mass-meetings with the purpose of educating the peo- 
ple and explaining the baneful influences of the drug. 
Surely it would seem as though this were enough to 



make it clear that the government is in earnest. What' 
more can China do? 

She can do this much more: she can absolutely 
forbid the use of the drug by any of the multitude of 
government officers. And she has done it. When 
the edict went forth closing the dens, every govern- 
ment employe was allowed six months to free himself 
from the habit. Those who were known to be still 
addicted to the drug at the close of that period were 
immediately discharged. There was no fake about 
this reform. Those affected by the edict came from 
every rank of life, up to and including some of the 
very highest officials in the kingdom. These can 
never again enter the government employ. Their 
names are prominently posted in company with those 
of all men who are known to use the drug. China 
has no jobs for them. 

It must not be supposed from the single instance of 
failure quoted above that the people of China are not 
tremendously in earnest for the reform and for the 
introduction of Western learning and light. To the 
shame of the Anglo-Saxon, it must be said that China 
would have taken up the struggle long ago, had she 
not been thwarted rather than helped by England in 
her efforts. Three-fourths of the world's poppy crop 
are raised in India, where it is a government monopoly. 
For the sake of the twenty millions' revenue which 
its production has brought her in the past, England 
has refused to stop the manufacture of opium, car- 
ried on though it is in her own mills. Since the days 
of the slave trade history has not presented a sadder 
spectacle than this of a Christian government drug- 
ging a race. It was with the purpose of putting an 
end to this nefarious business that the international 
congress met in Shanghai in the early days of the 
present year. Secretary Root deserves the largest 
credit for organizing that convention and the United 
States took the lead in advocating the good measures 
which were proposed there. It was a tardy assem- 
bling on the part of the nations, but it came better late 
than never. It served, at least, to assure China that 
she has the support of her sister people in the mighty 
struggle for freedom which she is waging. — Home 
Herald. ji jl jl 

A DISAPPOINTMENT FOR THE DEVIL. 

(Continued from Page 99.) 

all over the city. " Upon this rock I will build my 
church ; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against 
it." Matt. 16: 18. This is the way the church should 
do business. Resist the devil, and he will flee from 
you. Jas. 4: 7. There is not a saloon on Allison Hill 
yet and not another attempt has been made to put 
one there since. Is it because Christianity is better 
on the Hill than in other parts of Harrisburg? No; 
but^the Christians are braver. How about saloons 
around your place? Do you need them? He that is 
not for me is against me. 



106 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



Nature Studies 



Xl^v 




NATURE IN WINTER. 
MRS. M. E. S. CHARLES. 

" When the bride of the Canticles sleeps her ' heart 
waketh ' and she listens, through her dreams, for the 
voice of the beloved, and for his knock upon the door." 

Somewhat akin to her light slumber is the winter 
sleep of nature — the woods and fields, as they wait for 
the sun to return from the South. In their silence 
there seems a feeling of expectancy, as if the trees 
listened and the earth waited for spring. Nature is 
not torpid. It is only asleep and its slumber is but 
a light one. 

In the woods under the shelter of many, boughs, 
the snow lies deep even when winds and sunshine 
have well-nigh laid the pastures bare. 

Over the snow go the tracks of the little shy crea- 
tures, showing how much active, hungry life is abroad 
although danger faces every foot of the way. 

Here are seen the delicate tracks made by the birds' 
light feet. Here, perhaps, is the track of a fox much 
like that of a dog, but with sweep of brush among 
the tracks. Scattered fan-shaped prints show which 
way the rabbit wandered for his food. The little 
shrew and field mice, creeping over the surface, leave 
their dainty marks which look like a double row of 
stitching on a piece of white linen. The little pairs 
of footprints show which way the squirrels ran. 

If one does not care to go abroad to find all these 
things, much may be done by studying the trees near 
the home, and if all the peculiar characteristics of one 
or two species are mastered, a tramp of some distance 
to find one diflferent will not seem so great a task. 
When you contrast the light, delicate twigs of the 
beech with the sturdy ones of the hickory, the long, 
pointed buds of the former, with the short, sharp 
pointed ones of the latter which are covered with two 
outer dark brown scales beautifully colored inside, 
nothing but lack of time will keep those who love 
trees from further pursuing the study of them, not 
stopping with their winter characteristics. 

January is a good time to study the roots of plants. 
When a seed germinates it sends forth a sprout, 
placed perpendicularly. This is the stem which will 
produce leaves, flowers and fruit. This stem also pro- 
duces roots for the purpose of supporting the plant. 



also furnishing moisture and food. All the surface 
of the root absorbs moisture, and this moisture holds 
in solution mineral foods, which are converted into 
vegetable substances by the plant. Every plant is a 
wonderful laboratory. 

At the tip of each root is a hardened scale-pro- 
tected point to enable it to work its way into the 
ground, just as the toes of moles do, and like those 
of digging animals are protected by nails. The root- 
lip has also a sucker for drawing up moisture. This 
is the chief mouth of the root. Although the pores of 
the entire root surface absorb freely, the ends of the 
rootlets are the chief feeders. 

When we walk abroad in January and see the earth 
frozen, or covered with snow, we need not fancy all is 
still and dead under ground. There are millions of 
mouths below the surface taking their rest and feed- 
ing but little ; there are other millions of plant store- 
houses, full of food for the coming summer. In this 
cold month the plant world does not refuse to unveil 
to us some of the romance, and some of the mystery 
and economy of its life. 

Pull up from some unfrozen plat of ground a few 
living roots of grass or weeds and hold them against 
the light, after giving them a slight shake. Tiny par- 
ticles of earth are now seen about the lower part of 
the roots, not adhering to the epidennis, but held, 
perhaps, a line away. Examine closely with a micro- 
scope and you will find each atom of earth is held by 
a minute hair. 

These hairs are of great importance in the economy 
of the root. They adhere so very closely to the soil 
that they absorb from it the slightest trace of mois- 
ture. In times of great drought these very fine hairs 
enable the plant to gather moisture enough to sur- 
vive, and when the drooping plant is watered the 
hairs most speedily gather up and distribute the 
precious drops. 

Hairs are not found merely on roots. They occur 
on every part of the plant. Wandering a little farther 
afield in search of vegetable hairs, we may find a tall, 
rough, dead rod, set with seed vessels at the top — the 
dried stalk of a mullein. At its base we find a rosette 
of greenish gray, thick leaves; some dry and dead, 
after a summer's growth ; some young and still sue- 



THE IXGLEXOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



107 



culent, having unfolded late in the season. All these 
leaves are covered so thickly with hairs that they re- 
semble leaves cut out of coarse flannel or felt. 

Exactly why a plant of so little value and attrac- 
tiveness as the mullein should be so carefully defend- 
ed, we cannot understand. Many seeds are hair-clad, 
fur-wrapped, thus protecting them from the wet and 
cold. So, whether vegetable hairs grow beneath or 
above the ground they have a mission to fulfill, and 
it takes centuries for the finite mind to understand 
some of the minor problems. 
Spiceland, Iiid. .^ ^f ■.* 

SINGING AND SPEAKING STONES. 
Man's love of the marvelous and mysterious has 
been gratified by the discovery, at various places and 
epochs, of stones and sand from which issued sounds, 
apparently of supernatural origin. The phenomena 
e.xhibit so great a variety that the vocal stones may 
be separated into a number of distinct classes. 

One of the most remarkable of these groups is ex- 
emplified by a sand bank about 60 feet high, on the 
southwest coast of the island of Hawaii. According 
to W. R. Trink a tone like that of a melodeon is pro- 
(hiced by moving the hand in a circle through the 
loose sand. If the observer kneels, with both hands 
in the sand, and slides down the bank the sound be- 
comes louder and louder until it resembles distant 
thunder and alarms horses tethered nearby. The 
loudest sound was produced when a native lay prone 
on the sand and another native dragged him by 
the heels down the bank, carrying a large quantity 
of sand down with liim. 

Dr. James Blake discovered by examining with a 
microscope thin sections of the grains of sand, which 
are of volcanic origin, that each grain was perforated 
by a narrow canal which, as a rule, was closed at one 
end. These peculiarly formed grains of sand appear 
to act as resonators, the air inclosed in them being 
set into vibration by the mutual friction of th* grains. 
When the sand is damp the sound is not produced, be- 
cause the friction is diminished and many of the tubu- 
lar cavities are filled with water. 

The singing sands of Mt. Sinai probably admit of 
a similar explanation. Wellsted describes the sand 
as yielding beneath the feet of a Bedouin climbing 
up the slope, not flowing down in a continuous stream, 
but breaking away in large masses. At first the sound 
resembled the faint tones of an TEolian harp stirred by 
a gentle breeze, but as the motion became more rapid 
the sound was like that produced by a wet finger 
rubbed on the brim of a wine glass, and when the sand 
arrived at the foot of the mountain it made a noise 
like thunder, which shook the rock on which the 
traveler sat and so terrified the camels that it was 
difficult to hold them. This description is so similar to 
that of the singing sands of Hawaii that the 
presence of hollow grains of sand would account 



for the phenomenon of Sinai as well as for the other. 
But Schubert writes: "The Djebel Nakus or Bell 
Mountain, 400 feet high, is composed of sandstone 
bowlders loosely thrown together and covered with 
loose sand. When disturbed by the foot this sand 
falls into the interstices between the rocks, producing 
a sound that resembles a distant chime of bells and 
terminates in a roar." From this it appears that the 
falling of the sand between the bowlders is at least 
a contributory cause of the sound, and it may account 
for the whole phenomenon. 

Sounds of a very dift'erent character and origin are 
emitted by certain cliff^s in the Harz Mountains and 
in the Pyrenees. Two precipitous cliffs in the Harz. 
near Schierke, are called " The Snorers," from the 
peculiar sounds which the southwest wind draws from 
them. The faces of these cliffs are marked by deep 
gullies, which roughly resemble organ pipes open 
in front, and occasionally the front is practically 
closed by a stratum of air held motionless between 
the cliff and the trees which graze it, while the wind 
blows freely through the gullies, or organ pipes, be- 
hind. Similar phenomena, due probably to a similar 
cause, are observed on Mt. Maladetta, in the Pyrenees, 
where at sunrise certain cliffs emit plaintive sounds, 
which resemble those of a harp, and are known locally 
as " the matins of the damned." 

Singing stones of a third category are found in 
various parts of the world. Fraas, journeying from 
the Red Sea to the Nile, saw a round, thin fragment 
an inch in diarneter, resembling a shell, split off, with 
a peculiaf sound, from a flint which lay baking in the 
hot sun at his feet. This observation is very remark- 
able and perhaps unique, for flints split gradually as 
a rule, but the violent and noisy rupture of the last 
bond under the influence of the sun's rays and in the 
presence of an observer does not seem impossible. 
Broken flint are common in the desert. Many persons 
have heard the noise caused by similar fractures of 
hard rock and have seen the fragments roll down 
mountain slopes. Behm writes of the basalt columns 
of the Bamangwato hills, in South Africa : " In the 
evening, after a hot day. it was not unusual to hear 
the basalt crack and fall with a peculiar ringing sound, 
from which the natives inferred that the rock con- 
tained much iron." Here we undoubtedly find the 
most frequent cause of the singing of stones and the 
explanation of many of the observed cases. The 
phenomena are most conspicuous in hard rocks, which 
ring under the hammer, and especially in basalt and 
granite. They have been observed mostly in Egypt. 
Jollois, DevilHers, and the younger Champollion often 
heard ringing, cracking sounds issuing from the huge 
granite blocks of the great temple at Karnak. Similar 
sounds have been heard in the temple at Phils and 
in the granite quarries at Assuan. — Scientific Amer^ 
ican Supplement. 



108 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



THE INGLENOOK 

A Weekly Magazine 

PUBLISHED BY 

Bretkren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois 

Subscription Price, One Dollar per Annum, in Advance 

The Inglenook stands for material and spiritual progress. 

Its purpose is to safeguard home life by supplantii.g and 
counteracting bad literature. To carry out this purpose a 
strong effort is made to develop the latent talent of the con- 
stituency. 

Liberal commission given to agents. Sample copies are 
given upon request. When changing address give both old 
and new addresses. 

Watch the label on your paper. It gives the date of the 
expiration of your subscription. Renew promptly. 

Entered at the Postofflce at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

THOSE RESOLUTIONS. 

What of those New Year's resolutions, are they 
forgotten, or broken and discarded? We trust not. 
There was a sense of their need or they would not 
have been adopted, and until that need is satisfied the 
resolutions should be kept in force. 

Passing over a resolution through forgetfulness or 
breaking it through weakness does not hopelessly 
" spoil the game " and compel one to wait for another 
New Year to get on the right track again. If there is 
first a determinate will, a forgetful memory can be 
wonderfully refreshed and a broken resolution can be 
patched up so as to do duty for a whole year.. 

One thing we need to do is to keep bright in our 
imagination the vision of what these resolutions will 
do for us. This will often help us over the hard 
places. Again, we make a mistake when we think we 
can make resolutions on New Year's day and they 
will stay " made " for the whole year. While we need 
to see to their enforcement for only one day at a time, 
we need to renew them or remake them for that day 
in order that we may be sure they are strong enough 
to carry us over that period. 

Living by the day is the surest way of keeping up 
our courage and making growth in tlie desired di- 
rection. .< ,t .^j 

THE CHURCHES AND CHARITY WORK. 

JRecently a report was submitted to the Carpen- 
ters' District Council of Chicago as the result of a 
special investigation into the causes and extent of 
poverty in the city. The report makes some serious 
charges against the churches of today, to the effect 
that they are not fulfilHng their mission as charitable 
organizations. 

The Scriptures make it plain that one of the chief 
duties of the church is to care for' the poor and those 
who need a helping hand; A glance at the conditions 
of today when organizations outside of -the •church 



carry on most of the charitable work done will show 
whether there is any ground for the charge. The re- 
port says in part : 

" Churches are neglecting the industrial masses. 
The clergy are in society, politics and reform, while 
organized charity is compelled to do the work the 
churches are neglecting. Charity organizations are 
assuming to themselves work that the law provides 
should be done by the proper public officials, and are 
paying in salaries and office expenses as much as 
thirty-five cents on every dollar collected to feed and 
clothe the poor. 

" If the public would do its full duty there would be 
no need for a great many so-called charitable organiza- 
tions. Improving bad social, sanitary and civic con- 
ditions and trying to build up character is very praise- 
worthy, but the first should not be done with the 
money which has been given for the purpose of feed- 
ing and clothing the poor and the second should be 
done by our schools and churches. The industrial 
masses have not left the churches. The churches have 
neglected them." 

These statements should be studied and the condi- 
tions looked into. We cannot blame the outside 
organizations for taking up the work that belongs to 
the churches. Evidently the work was not being done 
or they would not have entered the field. Neither can 
we shift the responsibility by urging that the chari- 
table organizations are especially equipped for the 
work. The churches can afford any equipment that 
will fit them to discharge their duty. The work itself 
will develop skill and experience. " Ye have the poor 
with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do 
them good." 

(^w ^* ^* 

TEMPERANCE AS A LIVE ISSUE. 

As yet there has been no reaction in the temper- 
ance movement and we trust there will be none until 
its principles are so thoroughly established in the life 
of the community and the state that there can be no 
going back. While we have gained many victories 
we cannot afford to rest on the strength of these 
while greater obstacles remain to be overcome. 

A strong indication of the permanence of the temper- 
ance movement is seen in the way it is forcing the 
question upon the attention of every one. People are 
compelled to consider the question and consequently 
to take a stand. And as in all questions where right 
is so largely involved, the more thought given to 
the subject the greater will be the gains for the 
right. 

A man in pitblic office ought to stand by his con- 
victions the same as in private' life, bi.it many of them 
owe their position so largely to special interests that 
they dare not be themselves. When, therefore, a man 
is- brave enough to take his political life- in his hands 
and do and say what he believes to-be right, we give 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



109 



him great praise. And the number who thus declare 
themselves and repudiate all claims but those of the 
people as a whole is growing all the time. In this 
way the temperance cause has made wide gains. 

To prove that the temperance movement is a live 
issue and to show how public men are compelled to 
line up on the question, we give extracts from the 
recent messages of two State governors. The first is 
from the message of Governor J. Frank Hanly to 
the legislature of Indiana : 

" I am aware there are some who have already 
celebrated the county option law's repeal, but I beg- 
to remind all those who contemplate its repeal that it 
is the livest wire in the political machinery of this 
commonwealtli and is charged witli enough electricity 
to electrocute the party that repeals it." 

With this strong declaration with its challenging 
note, the Governor closed his appeal in behalf of tem- 
perance. Some of his statements leading up to the 
above were as follows : 

" Alcohol must be held responsible for about four- 
fifths of the anti-social propensities that make neces- 
sary the huge paraphernalia of police systems, crim- 
inal courts, jails, prisons and reformatories. 

" The general relation between alcohol and pauper- 
ism is everywhere recognized. 

" The same cause is responsible for the mental 
overthrow of fully one-fourth of all the unfortunates 
who are sent to the asylums for the insane; for the 
misfortune of two-fifths of the abandoned children, 
and for the moral delinquency of at least one-half of 
the convicts in our prisons, and not less than four- 
fifths of the inmates of our jails and almshouses." 

In marked contrast to this we have the action of 
the Governor of Tennessee. Early in January a sen- 
sation was created in legislative circles by the intro- 
duction of a resolution in the house asking an investi- 
gation of the " whiskey lobby " and alleged attempts 
to defeat temperance measures. Following this on 
the same day came two prohibition bills, " one signed 
by fifty-seven and the other by fifty-five members," 
which would insure their passage through the .lower 
house and a sufficient number of votes to pass 
either one over the Governor's veto should he decide 
to disapprove of them. But the Senate and House had 
both received word from the Governor asking that 
no action be taken on temperance till he could pre- 
pare and send them a special message on the subject. 
Three days later the legislative bodies were in 
possession of the special message. In substance it 
was as follows : 

State-wide prohibition is wrong as a governmental 
])olicy. and docs not acco'mplish the result hoped for. 
(In that dress you would hardly recognize the wornr 
out statement, " Prohibition doesn't prohibit." " One 
Would think it would be bentatTi the clighifv" of' a 



governor to take notice of such a harmless thing.) 
The use or nonuse of liquor should be left to the in- 
dividual. (The wife and children are to take the big- 
gest share of the results and say nothing.) States 
cannot prevent the manufacture of liquor in other 
States and the shipment from other States. (One of 
Speaker Cannon's lessons well learned.) Until the 
United States forbids the manufacture and sale of 
liquor it is not possible to have a prohibition law. 

It is to be doubted whether such a message, coming 
from a man who has bound himself to guard the wel- 
fare of the people, can do any great damage to the 
temperance cause. It is said that hindrances may be 
made stepping-stones to success, and it is our opin- 
ion that this opposition of the Governor of Tennessee 
will work out as a long stride toward that goal for the 
temperance workers. 

(^* ^^ (i?* 

REST. 

Let us rest ourselves a bit. 
Worry? — wave your hand to it — 
Kiss your finger tips and smile 
It farewell a little while. 
Weary of the weary way 
We have come from yesterday. 
Let us fret us not, instead. 
Of the weary way ahead. 
Let us pause and catch our breath 
On the hither side of death. 
While we see the tender shoots 
Of the grasses — not the roots. 
While we yet look down — not up — 
To seek out the buttercup 
And the daisy, where they wave 
O'er the green home of the grave. 
Let us launch us smoothly on 
Listless billows of the lawn. 
And drift out across the main 
Of our childish, dreams again. 
Voyage ofif, beneath the trees, 
O'er the field's enchanted seas, 
Where the lilies are our sails 
And our seagulls, nightingales. 
Where no wilder storms shall beat 
Than the wind that waves the wheat. 
And no tempests burst above 
The old laughs we used to love. 
Lose all troubles — gain release, 
Languor and e.xceeding peace. 
Cruising idly o'er the vast 
CalrA mid-ocean . of .the past. . 
Let us rest ourselves a bit. 
Worry? — wave your hand to it- 
Kiss your' finger tips and smile 
It farewell a little while. 

— James Whitcomb Riley. 

^v ^^ <*5* 

" 'Tis a very bad habit to get to thinking with the. 
mouth and, likewise, 'a' perversiori of nature's plans.' 
The' mouth has other and better uses and, . besides, 
such thitiking IS apfto be rather' clotrdy and illogical." 



110 



THE I NGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 




The Home World 



WHERE DO YOU LIVE? 

J. F. STUDEBAKER, M. D. 



It shall not be the object of this talk to hold up one 
State above another, to say that Iowa or Illinois, with 
their great fields of corn, is superior to Colorado or 
Washington with their productive, irrigated lands ; 
or to assert that one country excels another, that the 
United States, with its varied and enchanting scenery, 
growing commerce, and matchless liberties, triumphs 
over Siberia with its cold, bleak, barren plains im- 
prisoned in ghastly lonesomeness, or Germany with its 
frowning bluffs and castled Rhine, or Switzerland 
with its defiant snow-capped mountains overshadow- 
ing its quiet homes in the valleys, or Italy with its 
dreamy slopes and plains basking in the sun. 

My question is not directed to what commonwealth 
you belong, but where do you live in your own town, 
on your own eighty, quarter section, or section, in 
your own township, in your own county, in your own 
State ? I live on the crossroads near a beautiful, spark- 
ling spring on a southern slope to break the northern 
winds in winter and beneath dense shade trees to 
break the southern sun in summer. A home site of 
this kind is most usually chosen when a country 
is first settled for the convenience of protection 
against the boisterous side of nature and for the cer- 
tainty of a water supply. 

For example, take Kansas. The pioneers of this 
State selected locations for their homes in the most 
rolling and rough country, or among wooded hills 
along the streams of the eastern portion, counting the 
gracefully undulating upland as worthless except for 
light grazing. Their poorly-built huts were put up 
under overhanging timber. The plains were not pro- 
ductive on account of the lack of moisture but in 
late years the rain belt has extended west and what 
was once a dry and quite desirable place among the 
trees near a brook is now really an unfit place to live 
because of the great amount of dampness. 

This matter of selecting a sheltered site close by 
water without digging for it has led in many instances 



to the founding of a home on the unhealthiest spot on 
the farm. If a spring or stream is not within a stone's 
throw, a well of water is easily obtained at a few 
feet in depth in the hollow or lowland. The site is 
unsanitary for obvious reasons. The water teams 
with bacteria on account of surface drainage into 
the well. This is particularly true where the rainfall 
is abundant or after the thawing of heavy snows, the 
latter being a great factor in making Chicago's water 
occasionally impure which is pumped into the mains 
from a distance of four miles out in Lake Michigan. 
Bacteria certainly do not contribute anything good to 
drinking water. If those representing some of the 
serious diseases are present like typhoid, they menace 
the entire household. A deep well on the upland, 
securely banked with ground, with drainage away from 
it on all sides, is a valuable resource to a home any- 
where. 

There is no known reason whatever for having the 
house and well at the bottom of a hill and the barn 
and other outbuildings on its summit. We all would 
shrink from the application of water from a well so 
situated to our bodies, — much less than to take it in- 
ternally, providing we are aware of its impurity. 

While speaking of water, I wish to state that there 
is a delusion about cistern water. It may pass 
through the best of filters but it is not wholesome even 
then, particularly after standing a few days unless 
kept ice cold. Only the grosser obnoxious elements 
are kept back. All the germs floating in the air, as 
tubercular germs and others finding lodgment upon 
a roof, find their way through filters and you are 
sure to digest countless numbers of bacteria (if they 
don't digest you) before the cistern becomes dry to- 
wards the end of a rainless season. Any question- 
able water may be freed of microbic life by boiling it 
fifteen or twenty minutes. Water regains its taste by 
exposing it to the air two or three hours. A cistern 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



Ill 



under the house is almost equal to a cellar full of 
water. 

The foliage of trees in some yards is so compact 
that the ground is continually moist and so shut off 
from light that no spear of grass is seen and weeds 
become sick and fail to mature. Then, too, the 
proper circulation of air about and through the build- 
ings is obstructed. Probably the worst practice is 
the planting of trees on the south side of the dwelling 
house to intercept the rays of the sun. The boarded 
walks rot, the well-curb decays, the house feels cool 
from the dampness of its saturated timbers, the cellar 
draws moisture, and for the " housewife " the day is 
shorn of the awakening of a brilliant dawn, of the 
splendor of a noonday and the golden tints of a set- 
ting sun. Those handsome cottonwood trees make 
what should be the most beautiful the most dark, dis- 
mal and isolated place on the premises. 

In town or in the city the same condition is found 
. in the crowded districts where houses are either built 
against each other or too close for a decent alley. 
Diseases of the air passages and rheumatism are fond 
visitors to such places just as animals and insects who 
prefer darkness and dampness resort to such a ren- 
dezvous. The farmer would not think of planting 
his corn under a clump of trees. The human body 
in such confined quarters will not do any better. 
Many diseases thrive best in the absence of dryness, 
light and fresh air. This is particularly true of tuber- 
culosis which still may be considered the white plague. 
All large trees near the house should be cut down. It 
is important that all underbrush and low-hanging limbs 
of the orchards should be removed to insure the pas- 
sage of rarefied air about the buildings. A complete 
circuit of air (doors wide open) through the living 
rooms should be established twice daily. Then fungi, 
as molds, will perish. 

The living near ponds and swamps is to be con- 
demned especially in malarial (ague) and in southern 
districts, since malarial and yellow fever owe their 
dissemination largely to that small tormenting agent, 
the mosquito, which spends its time about watering 
places of its own peculiar choice. 

We refuse to live with dogs, cats, chickens, swine 
(Ireland), flies, mosquitoes, and most bacteria after 
learning their habits. Not all can be fenced out ; but 
all can be kept out of the home. In a large measure, 
this thought is superfluous to Nook readers,.particular- 
ly in regard to our visible visitors. The writer knows 
a family of father, mother and nine children only 
a few miles from his town (considered civilized), re- 
siding in a small house but none too small for them 
and their domestic fowl, the latter roosting on the 
roostable part of the beds of their superiors. They 
are all happy, practically of common stock. The only 
difference is that the one claims the right to kill and 
eat the other. 



This illustration, though crude, shows how one, if 
not familiar with a few principles of sanitation, can 
overlook the intimate association with folks who 
should live outside of the house occupied by human 
folks. Myriads of disease-producing bacteria are per- 
mitted to live in our midst ; yes, with us behind bolted 
doors because of a lack of knowledge in regard to 
their development, multiplication and habits. 

No matter whether the home is on the farm or in 
the city, everything should be favorable for unob- 
structed sunlight, invigorating fresh air, moderate 
dryness, pure water and the proper inhibition of germ 
growth. 

js ^ -ji 
THE CAUSE OF THE INSUBORDINATION. 

I WONDER how many mothers and fathers realize 
that it is their part to cooperate with the school teach- 
er? Some reason that schooling, of course, is neces- 
sary for boys and girls, and, moreover, it is a relief — 
to the mother particularly — to get the children out of 
the way for the greater part of the day. For this they 
feel indebted to the county for building schoolhouses 
and paying teachers and making it compulsory by law 
that all children between six and fourteen shall attend. 
At the same time they seem to assume or allow their 
children to assume that the teacher is the natural en- 
emy of the child, and such are not sparing in their 
admonitions to their oft'spring to stand up for their 
rights. And it is this very coaching that is responsible 
for most of the insurrection that is all too common 
in all, but the more so in city schools. 

One wee girl, of six, with a most angelic expression, 
disobeyed her teacher, saying she didn't have to mind 
— •" Because you didn't horned me and haven't any 
right to boss me. Only my mother has." Back of 
that reasoning the mother's teaching was plainly vis- 
ible. Another attractive looking little girl — she was 
a midget of eight — once informed me, " I've got it 
over all the teachers on the top floor. They are all 
afraid of me, they are. I never let a teacher think 
she's it." Which of course, was not true, but it 
showed the attitude in which the child had been trained 
to stand in regard to those who should have had her 
respect. 

If this was the bearing of the small fry of the gentler 
sex, what would I hear from the boys, I wondered, and 
I was not very long in learning. In a certain room 
where years ago I had commenced my school career, 
the naughtiest boy in the grade, we thought, was one 
who would rush up and kiss the teacher right in school 
hours; when he was very, very horrid he would take 
a turn at kissing the little girls, which led to much 
mortification and many tears on their part. Today, in 
that same room, I discovered that the youngster who 
is " baddest " is the one who throws books at the 
teacher whenever she corrects him and he has even 
said he'd " smash he good " if she tried any of her 



112 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



hand-spatting on him. And his " father'd back him 
up " if she made any " spiel " to the board. And he 
was less than seven! 

Not long after that my investigations led me down 
to the quarters of the school board, and while awaiting 
my turn to speak to the superintendent, I heard a 
father, who led by the hand a dull-eyed, thick-lipped 
boy, asking for the transfer of his son to another 
school. " His teacher over there at Number Ten has 
got it in for him, and I won't stand for that," was his 
excuse. The transfer was refused, for it was written 
all too plainly on the father's and the boy's faces that 
insubordination in that family was called " standing up 
for your rights," and the boy would not have gotten 
along with any teacher except one who had the traits 
commonly attributed to jailers. The next person in 
line was a mother who also asked for a transfer, and 
in spite of the fact that her manners were gentle and 
her boy a fine, manly-looking little fellow, the look of 
weariness that had settled on the superintendent's face 
did not leave it as he asked the reason for the request. 
It was hastily dispelled, however, by the answer, " Be- 
cause my boy's teacher was transferred to the new 
school at the beginning of the year — the teacher he 
has had for two terms. He is very devoted to her and 
I feel that I owe her a large debt for her solicitude for 
my son's progress in his studies and the fine influence 
she has had on him in many other ways. Not that he 
does not like his present teacher, but he really grieves 
deeply for the loss of the other." That transfer was 
readily granted, and the superintendent, I am sure, 
breathed a prayer for the coming of the time when 
all mothers would be just to the teacher and give her 
her dues. — Investigatrix, in Exchange. 

GIFTS TO OUR CHILDREN. 

The conventional season for giving gifts to our 
children has come and gone again. We have hung 
the tree and filled the stockings ; we have joined with 
keen delight in the joy of giving and receiving. And 
though the candy is soon eaten and the toys are soon 
broken or outgrown, we would not forego the whole- 
some pleasure of the Christmas time. But we will 
not allow the feverish delights of this passing oc- 
casion to blind our eyes to the more abiding and 
real gifts which it is our pleasure and duty to give to 
our children. Can all the toys of Christmas compare 
in value with the gifts of a healthy body? Can all 
the gustatory joys of candy and sweetmeats outweigh 
the permanent satisfaction of a sound stomach and a 
robust digestion? 

Our first great gift to our children, then, should be 
a strong and healthy body, with eye to see and 
ear to hear, with red blood and responsive nerves, 
with muscles quick and supple in work and play, tir- 
ing in a wholesome, natural fashion and rebounding 
with rest and sleep. Great souls have existed and 



struggled and triumphed in frail bodies, but it is not 
the rule. Physical health underlies and supports mind, 
strength and soul power. Therefore, blessed is the 
child whose parents have hung his tree of life with 
the great gift of a strong and healthy body. 

It is ours also in no small measure to give to our 
children a wholesome view of life. Neither health 
nor wealth nor the place and power they bring can 
match this priceless gift of a wholesome mind. For 
right emotions, right feelings, right attitudes, right 
ideals -within mean the right sort of a world outside. 
In order to see straight, to think straight, to act 
straight, we must be straight. It is a blessing to have 
the gift of the natural eye, but it is incomparably bet- 
ter to have the gift of right mental vision, of the 
wholesome point of view. For we see with all that 
we are and with all that we aspire to be. The mind 
reaches its spiritual hands out through the physical 
eye and lays hold of the things of beauty or the things 
of ugliness as it chooses ; it reaches its vibrant hands 
out through the ear and catches the harmonies and the 
discords of life, of the things of good or bad report as 
it wills. If our child is to see and hear " tongues in 
trees, books in running brooks, sermons in stones, 
and good in everything " it will be because he has the 
gift of tongues and books and sermons and good in 
his mind's eye. Therefore, blessed, twice blessed is 
that child of man whose future is hung with that 
bow of promise, a sound body and a wholesome mind. 
To name a good home, a good church, a good school 
as gifts within our power to confer upon our children 
may be speaking too large, yet within certain limita- 
tions these are precisely the things which we may 
give or deny to our children. Rugs on the floor and 
tap-stries on the wall are not essential to a good 
home. Massive piles of stone and mortar do not con- 
stitute the goodness of a church. The spirit of a 
good school lies quite apart from styles of architec- 
ture and swollen financial budgets. 

A fairly decent father and mother make a good 
home ; the devotion and sweet reasonableness of pastor 
or priest do most to create the atmosphere of a good 
church ; and a good teacher is the very heart and life 
of a good school. Is it, then, speaking too large to 
say that the essentials of a good home, a good church, 
a good school lie within our power to give or to deny 
to our children? The gifts of toys, of clothing and 
food, of houses and lands, of social standing, or a 
great name ^re not to be compared with these. Well 
may our sons and daughters rise up to bless our mem- 
ories if they shall find that with all our givings we 
gave them the gifts that are worth while ; a healthy 
body, a wholesome mind, a good home, a good church, 
and a good school. — F. G. Blair, Illinois State Supt. 
of Schools. ^ jt ^ 

" He gets the kingly character who works for the 
kingdom." 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



113 



SELECTED HELPS. 

To boil spots of mildew in water made very tart 
with cream of tartar and lay while damp in the sun 
will entirely remove the sprinkling of dark spots. 

Sprinkle on the spot of iron rust some powdered 
alum and arrange the spot exactly over the spout of 
a boiling tea kettle. Wash the alum out of the cloth 
at once, ei^.^ the alum will eat a hole in the fabric. 

Wind a soft stout string around the neck of the 
bottle twice, and while someone holds it draw the 
string back and forth at great speed. This friction 
heats and expands the neck, so that the stopper is 
easily removed. 

A satisfactory substitute for a brass rod is a piece 
>,^ narrow band elastic drawn through and securely 
sewed at each end and catching in a loop of narrow 
tape. The length of the elastic should be about two 
inches less than the width of the window and the 
loops caught over a hook, nail or screw at each side 
of the casement. This will keep the top edge of the 
curtain in a straight line. 

To make good home-made syrup: To one cupful 
of sugar, granulated or brown, but preferably the lat- 
ter, take a half cupful of cold water. Put into a glass 
jar a day or so before the syrup is needed for use, 
and stir it occasionally with a spoon. If the cover is 
tight, it may be shaken instead. A little vanilla may be 
added if it is liked for a change. This is much less 
work than the old cooking process, tastes just as well, 
and does not " go back to sugar." 

The Children's Corner 



GLADYS BROOKS' PARTIES. 

You have heard about parties without " fuss and 
feathers," have you not? Well, I want to tell you 
about a dear little girl who gave parties without any 
" fuss," but with a good many " feathers." It came 
about in this way: Gladys Brooks noticed the little 
sparrows hopping about on the cold snow crust and on 
the frozen ground, vainly seeking for a bit of grain. 

" Mama," she said, " I think the birdies are hungry. 
See them hunting and hunting for something to eat, 
and all they can find is snow. Poor little creatures ! 
What can I feed them, mama?" 

" Ask Dinah for a piece of stale bread," was the 
answer, and " you can crumb it up for the sparrows." 

That was Gladys' first party. She put on her coat 
and went outside where several English sparrows 
seemed to be searching vainly for a meal. When she 
crumbed some bread and scattered it on the snow 
crust they flew away as though fearful that an enemy 
was at hand. Gladys went inside to " watch and wait." 
Presently the birds reappeared, one, two, three, four, 



five, six of them. Gladys laughed aloud to see how 
happy her " guests " were, hopping around and pick- 
ing up the crumbs from the unexpected feast. Soon 
more company came — three native sparrows. They 
found plenty to eat. The following day was cold and 
blustering, but Gladys gave another party. To this 
one there were still more guests, mostly English and 
native sparrows, but there came also a beautiful bird 
in a blue jacket, which Mrs. Brooks told Gladys wa& 
a bluebird. The bluebird apparently enjoyed the" 
party as much as the sparrows did. For refrcsliments- 
the guests had in addition to the bread crumbs a big 
piece of stale cake broken into bits. 

The next day it stormed so hard that there wRf p'5 
party; there were no birds to be seen. Gladys laid lier 
mother that she was afraid the birds would starve, but 
Mrs. Brooks said: 

" No, my dear, they will not starve ; they had plentv 
to eat yesterday." The storm lasted t.o days, and 
during that time not a bird was to be seen. Ti.c third 
day dawned clear and bright, but very cold. Thci.: 
was a glistening coat of Ice on tl-.c inc.. Zh.p hire; 
came early to the party ; in fact they were on hap '. be- 
fore the feast \\c..> -prc.-rl and as "hungry as hunt.-r?." 
Gladys said, laughingly. They rzn aoui.t over ^-i-' 
shining snow crust expectantly, pick-;^ he:L a:),: tht-.e- 
as if to find a crumb. 

" I guess they will not be afraid of me anv more/' 
said Gladys. "I guess they k:-.ow I will give tiieni 
something to eat." 

Gladys looked like a •' rer! bird " herself, at least sa 
her mother said, .is she .r.. out in the yard in her Red 
Riding-hood cloak and her bj.^ket of good things in 
her hands. Gladys was rigwt. The birds weie not 
afraid of her. To be sure, they scattered about when 
she begar. .o i;-stribute the refreshments, but they did 
not go away. 

Th?s was an unusual feast " after the storm," for 
when Gladys told Dinah that the birds must be quite 
hungry after their lomr frst, the cook had answered, 
" You might give them all those green tops of the 
celery— birds just love celery." And s^, in addition 
to the usual crumbs of bread, crackers and cake, there 
were tiny bits of green at the pai ty. How the bird* 
enjoyed it! 

There were some new guests at the party that day. 
Beside the English and native si)arrows and two blue- 
birds, there came a jay and several little snow birds, 
and lastly, a cardinal bird with its warm glow. 

Just one thing more I want to tell you about Gladys. 
Brooks. She did not get tired of giving these parties. 
All winter long there was not a hungry bird in the 
vicinity of her home. Not until the snow and ice had' 
gone and the green things had begun to grow did she 
give up her parties for the birdies.— Om/tan In- 
telligencer. 



114 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1900. 




Hour 



TWO WAYS. 

AG.N'ES NEFF. 

Two ways there are, and these two ways 

Lie very far apart; 
The one gleams bright with heavenly light; 

The other way is dark. , 

One way there is that leadeth up, 

'T is narrow and 'tis straight; 

It leads its pilgrims safely on. 

To heaven's pearly gate. 

The other way is broad, 't is wide, 
We know its end full well; 

A serpent's coiled beneath the path, 
It leadeth down to liell. 

tJS (5* (,?■ 

THE WAVES OF GALILEE. 
D. D. THOMAS. 

Beneath the level of the Great Sea, on the tm- 
certain waters of Galilee, some of the very important 
and far-reaching acts of the Master occurred. It 
is somewhat cause for wonder why he should have, 
come down here, away from the Holy City, to per- 
form some of his greatest miracles. Seemingly it 
teaches us that in a great city is not a good place to 
do mission work in a short time. For he had only 
a short time to stay. 

These days when our young people are rushing to 
the city, we might well pause and note the wisdom of 
Jesus; for the grace and truth of the Master 
changed the history of the world by being implanted 
in the simple hearts of the fishermen of Galilee. And 
though the transformation of their lives was mi- 
raculous yet it can not be denied that Jesus made the 
best choice of vessels for his use. The temptations 
of the city strengthen prejudice and weaken every 
moral virtue. Tenacity of principle and constancy of 
purpose are lost, and lives are wafted hither and 
thither by every wind that blows. Confessions cannot 
be regarded as lasting. Constant support must be 
given that they may stand, or taken from the begin- 
ning of life with the children that they may be forti- 
fied against these surroundings. 

So Jesus went down to Galilee. It can be seen that 
he helps only when we need him, and feel that we 



need. He could sleep in the stern of the little boat 
placidly until the}' could no longer manage the boat. 
Yet he was not deaf to their cry when it came. One 
of those quick storms had swept down upon the little 
craft. To know his power is to cry unto him in 
distress, and they knew his power. The swell of the 
waves was lifting the boat, and almost dashing it to 
destruction. It was grand enough to awaken the 
faculty for the appreciation of the sublime, but there 
was death in it. " Lord, save us or we perish," cried 
they. And he arose and spoke the word. The storm 
lifted, the hollow of the waves was filled. The crests 
subsided. The swells ceased to strike the shore, the 
pebbles to roll with the swish of the waves, " and 
there was a great calm." 

Who could not draw from this a precious lesson ; 
one that comes very near? 

It is evening. There was much anxiety all day. 
The little one breathed out her life moment by mo- 
ment. The watchers grew weary. The hand of help 
was stayed. The tear of distress rolled down the 
cheek and dropped on the form of the little sufiferer. 
Rushing to the secret chamber, falling upon weary 
knees, pouring forth the cry, " Lord, save or I perish," 
— ah, how near the breakers are! It is a struggle 
for life. All night long you hear the ceaseless tick of 
the clock, the hours marked by the stroke. Will it 
never come? 

The morning breaks. The sun pours forth his 
glorious light. A knock at the door. A messenger 
comes. " She sleeps." There is a great calm. 

There is a sort of spirit of afiiliation between ani- 
mate and inanimate things even, that sometimes seems 
wonderful. The waters of Galilee are sweet, clear 
and cool. The surrounding hills are bare and bleak. 
So he the pure-hearted, pure-lifed among a genera- 
tion of impure men, sought the purest natural location 
to breathe forth his lessons of life. 

The waters were clear. His life seemed only to the 
cloudy-minded not so. Prejudice like mud makes 
every good thing obscure. But to the fishermen it 
was evident he was none other than "the Son. of the 
living God." How much of a pleasure it must have 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



115 



been to the Immaculate One to walk on the waves 
upon which the curse of God rested not. For God 
cursed the ground, not the water. It is that which 
cleanses the filth away. So the miracle of walking 
upon the water showed the same affinity of the pure 
for the pure. Though darkened and storm-tossed, 
the Master sought it in this hour of vigil. 

The disciples on the tumultuous waves saw and 
feared it was not he. Their terror became so great 
that they cried out. But from the gloom he called to 
them in the same words of power as he used in speak- 
ing to the sea," Fear not, it is I. Be not afraid." And 
as to the waters so to their hearts there came a great 
calm. Such as was not given to man since " the Spirit 
of God moved upon the face of the great deep." 

Lafayette, Ohio. 

t$* (^ (^ 

TELLING TESTIMONY. 

An unknown writer tells this story. On one oc-- 
casion, R. Ingersoll was announced to deliver a lecture 
in the city of Pittsburg on the subject, " The foun- 
dations of the Christian faith." There happened to 
be living in the city of Pittsburg, at that time, a 
lawyer who had been a schoolmate and friend of R. 
Ingersoll. When he had graduated he had started in 
his life's profession with bright promises, and had 
married a lovely girl. Two children had come into 
their home, and then there fastened upon him that 
awful habit of drink, which was dragging him down 
to the very lowest depths of hell. It broke up his 
home ; it sent his children into the street ; took the 
roses from the cheeks of his wife; took from him 
his good name, character and friends. It left him 
one night lying in an alley in New York City, poor, 
friendless, hungry, sick and alone. 

There came to this man a slum worker. He was 
taken to a house where he was washed, put to bed, 
and, in the morning, he was fed. This slum worker 
pleaded with him that he would change his mode of 
living. The young man lifted his hand to heaven, and 
said, " By the help of Almighty God, I will make 
one more effort ; this time it is heaven or hell, life or 
death for me. For God's sake, for my own sake, 
I will change." He never drank another drop ; he 
brought his children in, and he painted the roses 
again on the cheeks of his wife, and then went down 
again to the city of Pittsburg, where he was practic- 
ing his profession. When he read in the newspapers 
that R. Ingersoll was to speak, he wrote him a little 
note, something like this: 

"My Dear Old Friend: — I see that tonight you are 
to deliver a lecture against Christianity and the Bible. 
Perhaps you know some of my history since we part- 
ed ; perhaps you know that I disgraced my home and 
family ; perhaps you know I lost my character, and 
all that a man can hold dear in this world almost. 
You may know that I went down and down until I 



was a poor, despised outcast, and when I thought 
there was none to help and none to save, there came 
one in the name of Jesus, who told me of his power 
to help; of his loving kindness and his tender sym- 
pathy, and thiough the story of the cross of Christ 
I turned to him. I brought my wife back to my home, 
and gathered my children together again, and we 
are happy now, and I am doing what good I can. 

" And now, old friend, will you stand tonight be- 
fore the people of Pittsburg and tell them what you 
have to say against the religion that will come dov/rt 
to the very lowest depths of hell, and find me, and 
help me up, and make my. life happy, and clothe my 
children, and give me back my home and friends — will 
you tell them what you have to say against a religion 
like that?" 

R. Ingersoll read the letter before his audience, and 
said : " Ladies and gentlemen, I have nothing to say 
against a religion that will do this for a man. I am 
here to talk about a religion that is being preached 
by the preachers." — Exchange. 

^^t (^% *^9 

REVELATION OR UNDERSTANDING? 

A VERY necessary distinction is drawn by a well- 
known teacher between " progressive revelation " and 
" progressive understanding " — a distinction which, 
generally, is not so carefully made as it should be. 
Nearly all the odd religious fancies which obtain 
currency amongst our modern Athenians, ever agog 
fo*r " some new thing," shelter themselves under the 
much abused term " progressive revelation." On the 
other side, those who adhere to the one revelation 
given " once for all to the saints " are accused of de- 
liberately closing their eyes to " new light." It is 
well, then, that we should distinguish between God's 
revelation and our understanding of it. His revela- 
tion has been given finally in Christ ; we shall never 
have another ; for the sufficient reason that no other 
is necessary. 

In the time of darkness men's invention of light Is 
progressive, but when the sun is up the last word on 
light has been said ; it is then a question of blinds. 
We may admit the light partially or completely, but 
our admission of it is not " revelation " on the sun's 
part. What is needed is the drawing back of the 
curtains of the soul to admit all the light that is shin- 
ing in the Divine Word. But this is a different thing' 
from making lights of our own and calling them pro- 
gressive sunlight. — London Christian. 

^v ^^ v^ 

Solomon, the prince of peace, alone could build 
the temple. If we would be soul-winners and build 
up the church, which is God's temple, let us note 
this ; not by discussion nor by argument, but by lift- 
ing up Christ shall we draw men unto him. — /. Hud- 
soti Taylor. 



116 



THE IXGLEXOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



Echoes from Everywhere 




Coal ashes are being washed in spaces in Pennsylvania 
mines from which the coal has been removed. As th*" 
water recedes they form a solid mass, strong enough 
to hold up the earth and prevent cave-ins. 



A volcano near the city of C-'.ima;, Mexico, ■£ in e'Ujj- 
tion and is throwing out a great quantity of a=hes and 
stones. There is no lava flowing and the people are not 
alarmed. Within the past few da.v; 'hei-e have been a 
number of slight earthquake shockb. 



The house recently passed a bil' . ' • he frank- 
ing privilege to Frances F. Clevelar. .. ." • • the late 
President Grover Cleveland. This is a • junc;:. lat has 
been extended to the widows of all the P.'- - •!"• Some- 
times there has been objection to the passage ol such 
bills, but since it has become a custom no c'---. > is 
raised. 



Bessbrook, a town in the north of Ireland, the oldest 
place in Ireland connected with the flax spinning anu 
weaving trade, having about four thousand persons em- 
ployed, has no public house (saloon), no police force, 
no poorhouse, no paupers and no pawnshop. The pccp'.e 
of Bessbrook have condemned the sale of strong drink 
by a vote of six to one. 



The Maryland court of appeals has just held the black- 
list illegal. An employer who discharged a man be- 
cause he was a labor agitator and then used his influence 
with other concerns to prevent the man's getting em- 
ployment was held to be exceeding his rights. Both 
workers and employers have the right to organize, said 
the couft, but if either maliciously went out of their way 
to injure the other side they became liable for damages. 



In Missouri there are sixty-one counties that have voted 
dry as a whole. There are three others that have not 
voted dry, but have defeated petitions for license and 
have no saloons, making a total of sixty-four counties 
without the dramshop. Besides these there are sixteen 
counties that have voted dry outside of the cities, but 
each- of these sixteen has one or more cities where the 
s:aloon is licensed. 



Mrs. Robert Douglass, of Pocahontas, 111., has filed 
five suits against saloonkeepers for damages aggregating 
$11,000. Mrs. Douglass alleges in her suit that her hus- 
band, who formerly earned $100 a month, has become an 
habitual drunkard through the instrumentality of saloons 
and that she has been deprived of his company. The 
owners of the property on which the saloons are located 
are made parties to the suit. Her attorney promises to 
sp.ring something new in law, and the outcome of the 
litigation will be watched with interest by temperance 
advocates. - ' ' 



The enactment into law of the anti-racetrack gambling 
bill for California now seems assured. With its passage 
bv the lower house by a vote cf 67 to 10, > is thougnt 
ain the senate will take similar action. The sup- 
porters of the bill claim 24 votes in the senate, when 
21 is enough to win. Gov. Gillette will sign the bill. 



Federal Judge Anderson has set February 23 as the 
date for the beginning of the retrial of the $29,000,000 
Standard Oil case in Chicago. The goven ment attorney 
demanded an immediate trial and the Standard counsel 
wanted delay until May. The court declared the case 
would have to begin before March or ihe parties to it 
must get another judge. He then set February 23 as the 
date. 



Unless the Legislature increases the borrowing capac- 
ity of New York City, subway construction and other 
public nprovement work will have to be halted for at 
least two years, according to a statement made by Mayor 
McClellan before he egislative committee which is in- 
^estigating the i:i.-.i-:pality's finances. The mayor de- 
clared that he fei: ound by the report of William M. 
Ivins to the governor that the present margin of borrow- 
ing capacity is only "^.OOO.COO. He believed private capi- 
t?l could not be interestea extensive subway building 
at the present time. 

Another step in the fight of ti:e Feder^. ^ >- v 
to recover possession of the land included in the i:;; 
grant to the Oregon and California Railroad Comp.T 
was taken Jan. 23 when B. D. Townsend, special assi-- 
ant to the Attorney General, filed in the Federal C<>l-: 
in Portland .thirty-five suits in equity against the Ortj;. :; 
and California Railroad, the Southern Pacific Companv 
and over one hunlred other defendants. Th^se suits are 
supplementary to those previously filed against the Har- 
riman companies. The suits involve more than $15,000,- 
000 and also more than 353,288 acres of land. Al] of the 
land is located in Oregon. 



During the past j'ear nine additional national forests 
wer*» crt?ted and ten rediced in area. There are now 165 
natioii.-.' orests, embracing 167,976,886 acres. There were 
surve>.' 5,801.934 acres. There were entered in 1908, 
19,090.256.78 acres of public land, a decrease of 1.907.- 
209.80 acres over the preceding year. There were em- 
braced in entries completed during the year 8,068,044.85 
acres which hid been reported in original entries n:ade 
in pre\H6us ye'ars' sfnd are not included in the above state- 
ment. Entries of -all classes made last year numbered 
205.459, a decrease of 2 per cent over the preceding year. 
The aggregate expenditures and estimated liabilities of 
the ^public land service were $2,381,359.79, leaving a net 
balance of $10,334,349.67 in the treasury. 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



117 



Pennsylvania will be the possessor soon of the largest 
stationary engine in the world. It is now being erected 
at the Carnegie Steel Company's plant at Sharon.. With- 
out foundation plates or flywheel, the engine weighs 550 
tons. Two of the castings weighed 118 tons ea'ch, and 
to transport them, special flat cars had to be built. The 
engine's capacity is 25,000 horsepower, yet only one man 
will be required to operate it. As the engine will be used 
for operating the rolling machines it will be subject to great 
strain. At the end of each run it will have to be reversed 
quickly and the load will vary from nothing to its max- 
imum power. 



Governor Magoon has recommended that the United 
States remove the Maine from Havana harbor, declaring 
that the Spanish element in Cuba bfelieves America neg- 
lects to remove the wreck for fear such action would show 
that the ship was sunk by an interior explosion and not 
by a mine. The sunken battleship is a serious menace 
to the shipping of the harbor, as it occupies a portion 
of the best anchorage. The obstruction has increased an- 
nually during the past ten years by causing a shoal. The 
moderate tides prevailing in the harbor are hardly suf- 
ficient to prevent a gradual filling up, and this shoal 
seriously interferes with the action of the tides, and there- 
fore the entire harbor is rapidly filling. 



Six lives were lost and two persons were injured when 
the Florida of the Lloyds-Italiano Line cut her way 
through the sides of the Republic, the White Star Med- 
iterranean liner, in the fog-bound waters oi the Atlantic 
ofl Nantucket early on the morning of Jan. 23. Despite 
valiant efforts on the part of half a dozen other vessels 
to save her, the Republic sank at half-past 8 o'clock on 
the night of Jan 24 off No Man's Land, near Martha's 
Vineyard. The passengers of the Republic, who dis- 
played great self-control and presence of mind, were first 
transferred to the Florida where they remained till the 
Baltic, summoned by the wireless telegraph on the Re- 
public, came to the rescue, and the passengers of both 
the wrecked ships, over sixteen hundred in all, were tak- 
en on board and carried to New York. 



A system of old-age pensions, the beneficiaries of wliich 
are to be employes who have served for twenty consecu- 
tive years and who by reason of old age or physical 
infirmities have become incapacitated, has been estab- 
lished by the board of directors of Butler Brothers. This 
concern, with 10,000 employes, is said to be the first mer- 
cantile house to adopt the pension system as an induce- 
ment to the rendering of faithful and efficient service. 
The pension system adopted will not constitute a tax 
upon the workers in the company's employ in New York, 
Chicago, St. Louis, Memphis, Baltimore, Dallas, Omaha, 
San Francisco and Seattle, as it will be maintained wholly 
at the expense of the stockholders. Its benefits will flow 
equally to the men and women who have complied with 
the conditions specified. The annual payment to each 
pensioner of the company will be " 1 per cent for each 
year of active service on the average annual salary dur- 
ing the five years preceding retirement," providing only that 
no annual pension shall exceed $1,000. If the pension 
should fall below $300 a year the board of directors may 
at its discretion increase the sum to that amount. It is 
to be paid monthly as long as the recipients are deemed 
worthy of such bounty, but may be discontinued if they 
are found to be assigning it in advance. The age of re- 
tirement is fixed at 60 years. 



Ninety-three of Kentucky's 119 counties are now to- 
tally " dry," twenty-one are partly " dry," four are wholly 
" wet," and the case of one county which recently voted 
as a unit on prohibition is to be settled by legal process 
in court. 



Persons venturing on the unusual forms of amusement 
devices at Coney Island do so at their own risk and can- 
not expect to recover damages for injuries sustained un- 
der general conditions, according to a ruling of the Ap- 
pellate division of the Supreme Court. The decision was 
handed down on an appeal from a jury verdict in a lower 
court awarding Mrs. Phoebe Lumden $3,000 for injuries 
received when thrown from a car plunging down an in- 
cline on the scenic route. Justice Ingraham says: "The 
accident was the result of one of the dangers that the 
plaintiff had been warned against and the existence of 
which was the attraction which induced her to take the 
ride." 



Japan is singing the praises of President Roosevelt 
again as a result of his protest against the proposed anti- 
Japanese legislation in California. Just as the President's 
interference two years ago prevented the exclusion of Jap- 
anese school children from the public schools, so his action 
this time, leading Japanese believe, will put an end to 
the threatened trouble. Roosevelt's declaration to Gov. 
Gillette that Japan has fully complied with the terms 
of the immigration agreement with America and that any 
adverse legislation under the circumstances would be a 
national dishonor is particularly pleasing to the Japan- 
ese. They believe that if the question of the alleged "Jap- 
anese peril " can be avoided during the present session 
of the California Legislature it will never arise again. 



The danger of caverns under the Gatun dam is not the 
only thing in the canal zone to cause trouble, as Wash- 
ington is again finding out. There is a high degree of feeling 
existing between business men of Panama and the gov- 
ernment commissaries. The merchants charge that vast 
quantities of all sorts of luxuries and other goods are 
imported into the canal zone on which no duty is paid, 
and that these articles are sold, not only to American 
employes, but to any one who asks for them. Conse- 
quently the merchants are unable to compete, as they have 
to pay a heavy duty on these things. They declare in a 
set of resolutions forwarded to the executive department 
at Washington that a system exists whose purpose is 
to stifle the isthmian trade in behalf of the commissaries; 
that the Panama railroad is rebating to the ccmmissaries 
against the merchants; that the finest kinds of silks, ar- 
ticles of luxury not needed, such as French perfumeries, 
German soaps, pictures, and artists' materials, are sup- 
plied in competition with the merchants. The Americans 
admit on the face of the complaint that the Panama mer- 
chants have a right to complain, but they add that this 
right should not be allowed to apply, as the merchants 
look upon the Americans as legitimate prey. Before the 
commissaries were established, they allege, the Pana- 
mans charged anything they thought they could get for 
their goods, the price sometimes being 500 per cent high- 
er than in the United States. The matter will be decided 
by the government at Washington, to which two sets of 
resolutions, drawn up by the Panama merchants on the 
one side and the unions and other organizations of gov- 
ernment employes on the other, have been forwarded. 
The employes claim there is nothing to prevent the mer- 
chants from resorting to high prices again if the govern- 
ment checks the commissaries. 



118 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



Among the Magazines 




ADULT PROBATION IN ILLINOIS. 

Entirely apart from Judge Cleland's experiments in 
adult probation in certain classes of cases the subject 
of giving first offenders a chance to reform without the 
brand and disgrace of a term in jail has been a live one 
for some years in this and other States. There are adult 
probation systems in Massachusetts, Connecticut and New 
York, and the judgment of the competent is that they 
have worked well and benefited not only the individuals 
affected but the community as a whole. 

Where there is no express statute for probation in the 
case of adult offenders the judges have the authority, 
by suspending sentence during good behavior, to institute 
limited probation on their own account. This power 
ought not to be abused, for if public sentiment is ripe 
for a real system of probation the thing to do is to pass 
a well-considered act and establish the requisite machin- 
ery for the guidance and firm control of the probationers. 

Here in Illinois adult probation should be considered 
in connection with the parole law and the indeterminate 
sentence. Sound administration is essential in both cases, 
and if we should despair of securing it in the one di- 
rection the opponents of adult probation would use that 
despair as an argument against further experimentation 
with crime, though, fortunately, even among those who 
hold that the indeterminate sentence has failed here there 
are supporters of probation for those who give actual 
promise of complete reclamation. 

In thousands of cases, it is notorious, men convicted 
of first and minor offenses are " ended," not mended. 
by imprisonment. Most of these can be saved to society 
by supervision, encouragement to return to the path 
of thrift and honesty, and the deterrent or coercive in- 
fluence of a suspended sentence. And to say that an 
offender can be saved is to say that it is a duty to save 
him — a duty to ourselves, to him and to his family or 
kin. — Chicago Record-Herald. 

t5* ^* t?" 

PRESIDENT ANGELL. 
Four score years old and the wheels of life are not yet 
weary. President Angell is celebrating the eightieth an- 
niversary of his birth by attending the meeting of tlie 
Association of American Universities at Ithaca. It is 
a characteristic way with him. During a long life of 
varied experiences he has set an example of sturdy in- 
dustry for thousands. What he has accomplished all 
the world knows. 

He had abundant opportunity to show his strength 
while he was serving as editor of the Providence Journal 
during the exciting years of the Civil War. But it was 
an auspicious event in the history of American educa- 
tion when he turned his attention to college adminis- 
tration. If he had remained at the head of the University 
of Vermont he would have made a place for himself 
among the honored presidents of New England colleges. 



In a smaller circle of influence his power would have been 
commanding. 

The central West congratulates itself and him as well 
because he heard the call that came from Michigan. The 
story of President Angell and that of the University of 
Michigan for nearly forty years are one. No one hearing 
his name and title ever needs to ask of what he is presi- 
dent. No one hearing the name of the University of 
Michigan ever asks its president's name. What " Michi- 
gan " has done in educational lines for the central West 
and for the United States is difficult of estimate. If noth- 
ing else were considered except the astonishing devel- 
opment of the State university idea in the United States 
since the president of "Vermont" became the president 
of "Michigan" in 1871, that would be sufficient to write 
large the word " success " upon the record of an honored 
career. 

The people of the United States are obligated to Pres- 
ident Angell for distinguished services to it in the field 
of diplomacy. The army of educators throughout the 
country pays its tribute to the Nestor. The thousands 
who are proud to call themselves sons of "Michigan" 
rejoice in one who "by reason of strength" has reached 
his fourscore years. That he may return late to the skies 
is the birthday wish of a host of friends and admirers. — 
Chicago Tribune. 

•,^t J* yt 

DON'T- YOU NEED A CHILD? 

Is it possible to work successfully " for the child that 
needs a home and the home that needs a child " ? In 
other words, can a great number of unfortunate boys and 
girls be saved from public institutions by the system of 
finding havens for them in places that are " homes " in 
the best acceptation of the word? A year of practical 
experimentation has proved that remarkable results can 
be accomplished by a child-rescue campaign conducted 
on the principle that universal mother-love can be awak- 
ened to a sense of responsibility for the neglected chil- 
dren of the world. 

Not only have many childless women adopted boys 
and girls, but many careless and temporarily helpless 
mothers have been aroused to a sense of their highest 
duty. The secondary influence of this work — this stir- 
ring-up of latent maternal solicitude — may be produc- 
tive of the most widespread reforms, which will reduce 
institutional work to the minimum. A letter from Cali- 
fornia, published in the February Delineator, tells its 
own story. The writer says: 

" It is through your child-rescue articles that I have 
my three children out of the Home in which I had been 
forced to place them for a year. . Your first article touched 
me to the depths, and each succeeding one. They told 
me what I knew to be the truth — it's far, far better for 
the little ones to be in a private home. I could not see 
my way to have them and also to work for them, but 
your precious articles strengthened me and finally, last 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 2, 1909. 



119 



March, I took my two children out and home and worked 
for them, sewing, etc.; and last July my youngest one 
also came back to me. I am now in charge of a day 
nursery that has just been started, so you see I am work- 
ing for my little ones and at the same time with them. 

" It is you, dear friend, that has really done that for 
me, and also, maybe, for many others. Your influence 
is, indeed, widespreading and is a power for good." 

This letter opens a vista of possibilities to the philan- 
thropic mind. When women of all classes come into a 
knowledge of what motherhood means, as the highest 
privilege of life, there will be little need of institutions 
and child-rescue campaigns, but until the better under- 
standing comes there is rhuch to be done. Let all who 
can help in bringing together the home and child. 

^W ^t^* '.^^ 

THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE AND THE NAVY. 

In his recent and last annual message to Congress the 
President has devoted much less space to arguing the 
necessity of increase of the navy than in any of his pre- 
vious messages. He has confined himself to simply 
recommending, in a single sentence, the increase pro- 
posed by the Navy Department, which is in substance 
the four-battleship program of last year. But he gives 
considerable space to urging the reorganization of the 
whole naval management, in order to increase its effi- 
ciency, and makes it perfectly clear that his views on the 
subject of the navy have not in the least changed. 

Only in July last he was reiterating at Newport, in 
the most emphatic language, before the most notable 
conference of United States naval officers ever called 
together, his well-known views on the subject. These 
he declared that he uttered, not to the naval officers, but 
to " the great bulk of his fellow countrymen," whose 
opinions on the navy he wished to guide. He is unalter- 
ably opposed to " a purely defensive navy," " a mere 
coast defense navy." He demands one that can " hit 
hard," that can " hammer the opponent until he quits 
fighting," that shall be " footloose to search out and de- 
stroy the enemy's fleet." He is opposed to our coun- 
try's assuming an "attitude of meekness" toward other 
countries; we must be "aggressive" because we have 
great responsibilities and a great role to play. The Mon- 
roe doctrine is an " empty boast " unless backed by an 
efficient navy. But even if we are to stay at home, mind 
our own business, and maintain the " right to administer 
our internal aflfairs as we think best," we must have " a 
strong fighting navy." He still keeps alive his suspi- 
cion that other nations are cormorants, only waiting a 
favorable moment to pounce upon us. He thinks our 
country, because of immigration, has more points of 
friction with other governments than any other nation, 
and hence we must have an " efficient fighting navy," a 
navy that can "hit." "A first-class fighting navy is the 
most effective guarantee of peace that this country can 
have." 

Those, therefore, who may think that, because he de- 
votes so little space in his last message to recommend- 
ing the four-battleship program, the President will cease 
working for it, in season and out of season, are very 
much mistaken. He may be expected at any time to 
send a special message to Congress on the subject, as 
he did last year. Up to the time when the final vote on 
the navy bill is taken. Congressmen will be invited to the 
White House and lectured on the absolute necessity, for 
the safety of the country, of adding four huge Dread- 
naughts and the necessary number of little monsters to 
the navy. 



Those who believe, therefore, that both the safety and 
the honor of the country depend chiefly upon other and 
higher agencies and means than suspicion and fear, and 
the slugging and hitting and hammering of brute force, 
must bestir themselves. Let remonstrances against further 
increase of the navy be sent to Congress from all the 
cities and communities of the nation, signed by clergy- 
men, by business men, by educators, by members of labor 
organizations, by women's societies, by everybody who 
believes that the time has gone by for the continuance of 
the enormously costly competitive armaments which 
still burden and disgrace our civilization. Send them, 
with a brief note, direct to your Congressman, who will 
be glad to know what his constituents are thinking on this 
most urgent question of the hour. — The Advocate of 
Peace. 

^ je <.< 

THE PROHIBITION FLOOD. 

The political protection of the saloon, says Harris 
Dickson in the* January Circle Magazine, gradually 
aroused public sentiment and arrayed against the saloon 
thousands of men who had no prejudice against the mod- 
erate use of liquor. Patriotic citizens regarded the whole 
system as the greatest stumbling block in the path of 
honest government. No matter what plan might be 
proposed for the reform and advancement of the city, 
the allied liquor and criminal elements stood beside the 
machine politicians, musket in hand, to defend the old sys- 
tem. Liberal-minded men came to believe that the sa- 
loon, as a social and political institution, must be wiped 
from the face of the earth before anything whatsoever 
could be accomplished. After the saloon is destroyed 
it will be easy to uproot the weaker evils which have 
found shelter behind it. Thousands of gentlemen say 
they had rather see the liquor business in the hands of 
a few confessed outlaws, dodging from bush to bush 
and hiding in the alleys, than to see it controlled by 
political tyrants who boss the town. They cannot un- 
derstand why the liquor business should go hand in hand 
with every form of vice and crime. The hardware trade 
and the grocery stores do not find it necessary to enter 
into such partnerships. The drygoods trade does not 
continually fight the law. If this antagonism to law 
and decency be necessary for the success of the liquor 
business, then there must be some inherent wrong in the 
trade itself, and that trade should be stopped. 

Such reasons as these have drawn into prohibition ranks 
thousands of reluctant recruits; originally they did not 
want to be prohibitionists, but are none the less enlisted 
for the war and mean to figlit it out to the last ditch. 

^v \^^ <t^ 

ENGLISH BAN ON SUNDAY THEATERS. 

King Edward has issued an edict forbidding public 
entertainments in a theater or music-hall on Sundays, 
Christmas Day, or Good Friday, " unless under very ex- 
ceptional circumstances." The King of England thus 
perpetuates a mediaeval privilege still adhering to the 
crown and exercised through the office of the Lord Cham- 
berlain — a post that has been more or less under fire in 
recent years. The writer for the New York Tribune, 
who signs herself "Marquise de Fontenoy," gives these 
reasons for the King's action: 

" King Edward has been led to issue this edict with re- 
gard to Sunday performances by the growth and de- 
terioration of these Sabbath entertainments. As in this 
country, they commenced with concerts of sacred music. 
Then followed cinematograph displays of biblical sub- 



120 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 



1909. 



jects. The latter, as well as the sacred music, have long 
given way to much more frivolous and more worldly 
features; and whereas twenty or thirty years ago all the- 
aters and music-halls throughout Great Britain were shut 
on Sundays, today they are nearly all open and doing a 
rushing business, the houses being often rented on Sun- 
days for so-called private entertainments of a class which 
would not pass muster with the mass of the general pub- 
lic on a weekdav. 

" Prompted, it is said, by Queen Alexandra, who is 
a very religious woman indeed, and urged by the leading 
ecclesiastics, not only of the Church of England but of 
other denominations, the King has now turned to good 
account the survival of the mediaeval despotism which 
excited so much criticism at the time when it was invoked 
by subordinate officials of the Lord Chamberlain's depart- 
ment to prevent the performance of Gilbert and Sulli- 
van's comic opera, ' The Mikado,' during the state visit 
to England of several members of the Japanese imperial 
family a couple of years ago. The step taken by the King 
is meeting with the warm approval of the vast mass of 
the population in England, where it is construed as 
furnishing another striking illustration of the intimacy 
of his constant touch with public sentiment. The latter, 
as in all English-speaking countries, is ever in favor of 
a respect for Sunday, and so keenly alive is the King 
to this that, although passionately devoted to racing, he 
has never in his life been present at the Paris Grand 
Prix, which is always run on a Sunday, and which is the 
greatest of races on the Continent of Europe, being 
equivalent to the English Derby." — Literary Digest. 

«,?• t?* (i5* 

THE WINTER CARE OF HENS. 

In comparison with records one often reads in farm 
journals, my hens are very ordinary winter layers; 
but in comparison with those of all my neighbors 
who have provided the modern conveniences for their 
layers, my hens are truly remarkable. 

I converted an old cow shed, 11 x 13 ft., with 
leaking roof, into shelter for the hens by covering 
the roof with tarred paper, and lining the inside with 
building paper. There were three small windows, 
two on the south side and one on the west side, out 
of which most of the panes of glass were broken. 
Over the casings I stretched heavy unbleached cloth. 
I put in a wooden floor eight inches above the ground 
as the drainage was poor. A place on the floor, 4x4 
ft., was kept covered with sifted coal ashes, replaced 
monthly. Another space was filled with excelsior and 
straw for scratching. The roosts are all two and 
one-half feet from the floor to prevent err wding in 
the highest roost. 

About November 1 seventeen White Leglorn hens 
and one rooster, and seven Plymouth liuck hens 
were put in this enclosure and not allowed any out- 
door freedom. The three-year-old hens, nine in all, 
and the May pullets, did not begin to lay until about 
the middle of December. They steadily increased the 
number of eggs until by February they averaged 
fifteen eggs a day, and this record was not lessened 
by the cold weather so unusual for the vicinity of 



Philadelphia. Other people's flocks averaged five and 
eight eggs from fifty to seventy-five fowls. 

January 1 I put the seven Plymouth Rocks in a 
shed, 9x7, with a window of cloth, 2 x l->4 ft., 
dividing the floor into a dust bath and a scratching 
pen. These seven hens have averaged five eggs a day 
all through January. 

These twenty-five fowls did not have the variety 
of food recommended in poultry guidebooks, but 
only such as every housewife can provide, namely, 
wheat and cracked corn (heated during the coldest 
days) thrown into the straw morning and night, 
all the scraps from the table, a little clover hay, a 
pan of skimmed milk, and occasionally apples, pota- 
toes, or onions chopped fine and fed at noon. A 
box of charcoal, groundbone, and oyster shell was 
kept before the fowls, fresh straw or excelsior was 
put in the scratching pen once a month, the roosting 
part was cleaned every three or four days, and the 
roosts brushed with coal oil once a month. — H. 0. 
Duerr, in The Garden Magazine. 



Between Whiles 



Limited Understanding. — " It does seem strange," re- 
marked the party who seemed to be thinking aloud. 

" What seems strange? " queried the innocent bystander. 

"That after getting a man in hot water a woman can't 
understand why he should boil over," explained the noisy 
thinker. — Chicago News. 

(^% (^6 (,?• 

"What is this peculiar key on your typewriter? I 
never saw it on any before." 

"Hist! My own invention. Whenever you can't spell 
a word, you press this key and it makes a blur." — Bos- 
ton Transcript. 

..^: .« ^*e 

A Tale of Two Cities. — " Say," queried the would-be 
humorist, " where is that place. Atoms, that so many 
people are blown to? " 

" It's just the other side of Effigy, the place in which 
so many people are hanged," answered the solemn per- 
son. — Chicago News. 



WANT AND EXCHANGE 



To at'oommodate some of ovir readers and bring them in 
closer toijch witti eacli other, we liave opened this " want 
and exchange " column. 

Rates, twenty-flve cents per insertion, not exceeding four 
lines, including name and address. Five cents per line for 
additional lines. However, no "want" may exceed six lines 
altogether. 



FOR SALE — Furnished home; 7-room house, stable, 
etc.; 100 feet front; cement walk; fruit and shade trees; 
onc-lialf block from Campus, McPherson College. J. W. 
Webster, McPherson, Kans. 






^^.JmJ^^.^j^^H^^^^^^^^^^^^H^^^^^H'^*^^^*^^^^ 



fr'H^I 






Literary Activity of the Brethren 
in the Eighteenth Century 



By Prof. John S. Flory, Ph. D. 



An intensely interesting volume dealing with the history 
of Educational Work and Literary Endeavor in the Church of 
the Brethren during the first century of their existence as a de- 
nomination. Owing to the careful and conscientious research 
on the part of its author, this book will be referred to as an 
authority on the subject for years to come. This book should 
find its way into 20,000 Brethren homes before the Holidays. 
Here are two of the many testimonials we have received: 



A Thorough Treatment of the Subject. 

I wish to express my appreciation of " Literary 
Activity of the Brethren in the Eighteenth Cen- 
tury." I consider it a very valuable contribution to 
our church literature. The author is to be con- 
gratulated for the thorough treatment of his sub- 
ject. His style is easy and attractive. It is a read- 
able book and ought to find its way into many 
homes. — T. T. Myers, Instructor in Juniata College, 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

If you have not already secured a copy of this book, place an order with our 
nearest agent, at once. A cloth bound book of 335 pages. 

Price, prepaid, $1.25 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
I Elgin, Illinois 



One of the Most Interesting. 

I consider " Literary Activity of the Brethren in 
the Eighteenth Century" one of the most inter- 
esting books outside of the Bible for the following 
reasons: (1) It brings to view so many of our 
earlier literary productions, all of which are in such 
good harmony with gospel principles as held by the 
church today. (2) It shows the early church to be 
really in advance of the times, religiously. The 
book is most inspiring and encouraging to him who 
loves the church, and her posterity. — L. W. Teeter, 
Member of the General Mission Board. 



(.^•«;„;..^*,;.^,.;..5^,j,^.,j.4.,j^j..««j..j.^,;.^^.^.^»^ 






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i 

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I 



The Sunday=School Calendar 

Issued annually. Enlarged and improved. Beautiful cover de- 
sign containing reproduction of Hofmann's famous painting of the 
boy Jesus. 

In addition to the International Daily Bible Readings, the cal- 
endar contains International Sunday-school lesson titles and refer- 
ences for every Sunday in the year, also the Golden Text for each 
week, printed in full. Each leaf contains choice selections from the 
best writers, helpful thoughts for everyday living. A calendar for the 
entire year is printed on the back, and an extra leaf is inserted con- 
taining Scripture selections, etc., arranged for easy memorizing. 

This calendar is endorsed by the leaders in Sunday-school w^ork 

and has proved very helpful wherever tised. As a Christmas gift 

from teacher to pupil it is extensively used. Many schools distribute 

them at the Christmas season to every scholar. They are especially 

-^ valuable to Home Department members. 

Price, each, postpaid, $0.10 

Price, per dozen, postpaid, 1.00 

Price, per hundred, postpaid, 8.00 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Ogin, Illinois 




W' 'i' •!■ ■»• ■;■ •!■ ■!• ■»■ ■»■ <■ •{>^">»»»»4»H'»»»»!" 



^"^♦♦^♦♦♦^••^•♦♦♦♦♦♦•M^J" 



[•*+ + 



THE INGLENOOK 



Our Bicentennial 
Hymn 

We are now prepared to All orders for 
the above-named hymn, printed In leaf- 
let form on heavy paper. The words of 
this popular hymn were written by Eld. 
Jas. A. Seil, and the music composed 
by Bro. Geo. E. Holsinger. 

Price per hundred, postpaid, 25 cents. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 



SELF-PRONOUNCING 

Lesson Commentary 

ON THE 

International Sunday School 
Lessons for 1909 

By Rev. J. M. Coon, A. M., LL. B. 

COMPREBrENSIVE. 

Containing': — The Sunday-school Les- 
sons for 1909, with proper names di- 
vided into syllables, and with accent 
marks placed and vowel sounds indi- 
cated; also Revised Version changes. 
Golden Texts, Daily Bible Readings. 
Historical Setting, Lesson Titles, Sug- 
gestive Readings. References. Lesson 
Analysis. Practical Thoughts, and other 
Helps and Conveniences. 

Vest Pocket size. 2?4x5% inches and 
about Vi Inch thick. 
Red Linen. Embossed and Stamped 

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two blank pages with each Les- 
son for Notes 50 

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dress. 

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Three Cents 
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will more than pay for the best 
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of It! Sixteen 3-column pages of 
pure, wholesome, elevating and 
spiritual reading matter, sent to 
your address for less than 3 
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TKE aOSFEIi MESSENQEB 

is the official organ of the Church 
of the Brethren and contains 
news from all parts of our great 
brotherhood. One page is de- 
voted to current events of the 
week and another is devoted to 
short, pointed articles on home 
and foreign missionary topics. 
Sample copy mailed FREE. Sub- 
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BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSED 

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Revised Minutes 




Contains the revised minutes of all the Annual Meetings up to and 
including 1S96. Two hundred pages. Indexed under 1,200 subjects. 

Tbe Appendix. 

X This edition contains an appendix of almost one hundred pages, de- 

X voted to the minutes of the Conference held in 1897 and 1907 inclusive. 

A A copy of this book should be in the hands of every minister and church 

A worker in the Brotherhood. The book is printed on fine quality of paper 

J. and substantially bound in cloth. 

♦ 

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3, Single copy, prepaid $1.00 

4> Six copies to one address, prepaid 5.00 

*» One Copy Pree. 

4* Our price is very low. considering the size of the book, contents, and 

y binding, but if you will dispose of five copies among your friends, and 

^ have same sent to one address, we will mail you one extra copy for your 

*Y own use. 

\ BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 

* Elgin, Illinois 

*♦* 

I The Twentieth Century 
I Sunday School 

f 

I Record System 

No superintendent 
can afford to begin 
the new year's work 
without the assistance 
of our new system of 
records and recogni- 
tions. This plan, first 
used in one of our 
own Sunday schools, 
has grown in favor 
until it is now recom- 
mended by Sunday- 
school workers of all 
denominations. It has 
increased the enroll- 
ment and secures the 
attendance of each scholar enrolled. Encourages systematic giv- 
ing and discourages tardiness. Brings the Bible to the school 
and relieves the teacher of keeping class records. New scholars 
are enrolled and all records are kept and reported by the secre- 
tary of the school. The teacher is permitted to devote her whole 
time to the teaching of the lesson. Our new descriptive Record 
System Catalogue gives full particulars. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 







»^»^»*^*{t»}* ^ «> | «i } i« { >^* ^ tjt^^ 



REVISED EDITION OF 



Ropp's New Commercial Calculator 

And Short Cut Arithmetic 

THE STANDARD FOR STORE, FARM, BANK OR FACTORY 




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Greatly improved, enlarged and thoroughly revised. 
Contains an entirely new system of unique Tables, 
Short Cuts and Up-to-date Methods. 

Unquestionably the most complete and comprehensive 
Calculator ever published. 

Has more than twice the matter, scope and capacity 
of Ropp's former editions, of which 

Nearly 1,500,000 Copies liave been Sold. 

The Answer to Your Problem as Quickly as a Watch 
Shows the time. 

It also explains and simplifies the principles of Arith- 
metic, Mechanics and Mensuration. 



It will make the study and use of Figures easy and 
interesting to both young and old. 

It will enable every progressive mind to become an 
expert, sure and rapid calculator. 

It will prove a boon to all whose education in arith- 
metic has been limited or neglected. 

48 Cuts Illustrate the Elements of Mechanics and 
Mensuration. 

It defines about 70 points in " Commercial Law " 
which every man and woman should know. 

It is especially designed for farmers, mechanics, 
business and professional men. 

Three Editions, Five Bindings. 

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If You Appreciate Good Reading 

You will surely take advantage of one of our magazine club offers.' The publications listed 
below need no recommendation and the reduction in price should place these periodicals within 
the reach of several thousand new subscribers. 



CLUB OFFER No. 1. 

Gospel Messenger $1.50 

Brethren Family Almanac, 10 

Missionary Visitor 50 

Our Young People, 65 

Brethren Teachers' Monthly, 50 

Regular Value $3.25 

All in One Order for $2.75. 



CLUB OFFER No. O. 

Gospel Messenger $1.50 

Brethren Family Almanac, -. 10 

Missionary Visitor 50 

Our Young People, 65 

P.rethren Teachers' Monthly 50 

Inglenook Magazine 1.00 

Regular Value $4.25 

All in One Order for $3.50. 



These ofifers do not apply unless the entire order is sent in at one time. In taking advantage 
of the above club offers you need not mention each item, but say "Club Offer No. 1 " or " Club 
Of?er No. O." 

We can quote you lowest prices on hundreds of other magazines and papers. We list several 
popular clubs in our 1909 General Catalog. 

Let us order your magazines. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE. 
Elgin, Illinois 



Great Premium 

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past few days is a strong testimonial to the growing pop- 
ularity of THE INGLENOOK. 

Have you sent in your renewal? 

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"Modern Fables and Parables" is a book of 352 
pages by W. S. Harris, author of " Mr. World and Miss 
Church Member." Over 1 00 illustrations by Paul Krafft 
and others. Publisher's price on this book is $1 .25. 

ALL WE ASK is that you send us 3 1 cents to 

Day for oacking and oostage of the book at the same time 

you send $ 1 .00 for THE INGLENOOK. A Dollar 

Magazine and a $ 1 .25 Book for $1.31. 

Act quickly, as we ran not fill orders for premiums after our present 
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BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE. Bsdn, 111. 



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A Sample of the Oat Fields In the Nanton District. 



Harvest Time 



The prosperous settlers in Sunny Southern Alberta have just finished harvesting a bounti- 
ful crop. It is now THRESHING TIME and their yields are enormous. 

Some fields are yielding as high as fifty bushels of wheat per acre. And oats are yielding 
as high as one hundred and thirty bushels per acre. The crop on one acre brings enough money 
to buy two acres! Could you want an3rthing better? 

We have just secured, and are now offering for sale, 50,000 acres in the Nanton District 
where already there is established a large and prosperous settlement of the Brethren. 

Our prices are $9.00 per acre and up, on easy terms — ten years to pay for land when the 
purchaser settles on the land. Elxcursions every week. Cheap rates and railroad fare refunded 
to purchasers of 320 acres or more. 

For particulars, address. 



REDCLIFFE REALTY CO., ( R. R. Stoner, Pres. ) 

430 TEMPLE COURT 

MINNEAPOLIS, - - - MINNESOTA 




CHURCH EXTENSION BY 

COLONIZATION 

The Co-operative Colonization Company, incorporated under the laws of Indiana, proposes 
to establish colonies, on their Co-operative plan, in the United States and other countries, in 
suitable localities, under the most favorable conditions. 

The aim is to establish self-supporting congregations of our people, with good church 
and school privileges from the beginning of a colony. 

A conunittee appointed by the Directors of this company, made an extended tour of in- 
vestigation through the West. After careful consideration of their report by the Directors, it 
was decided to locate their first colony in the San Joaquin Valley, California. This is one of 
the world's famous valleys, noted for its mild, congenial climate, rich soil and variety of prod- 
ucts. 

In this valley are grown successfully wheat, rye, oats, barley, alfalfa and other grasses; 
peaches, pears, prunes, apricots, nectarines, figs, olives, oranges, lemons, melons, canteloupes, 
strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, loganberries and grapes. Vegetables are grown almost 
every month in the year. English walnuts, almonds, pecans, peanuts and other nuts do well and 
are profitable. Dairying, beekeeping and poultry raising are carried on successfully. 
The new colony town, is on the main line of the Santa Fe Railroad, immediately on the tract 
selected for our first colony. It is in central California, within a few hours run of San Fran- 
cisco, Sacramento and Stockton, among the best markets in the State. 

The colony tract is well located, almost level, with a deep, fertile soil, mostly a sandy loam, 
well adapted to above-named crops. It is in the Modesto irrigation district, one of the best 
systems in the State, with plenty of water, and the land owns the irrigation plant. Two large 
ditches cross the colony tract, and the present owner will construct lateral ditches to each 
forty acres — an important item. The drainage is excellent, no alkali or hardpan to interfere 
with crops, no brush, stiunps or stones to be removed, a good place for 

IDEAL HOMES AND PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

This tract is not large. It will soon be taken up. E^ch one can select his tract. Home- 
seekers and investors should investigate this proposition. A selection either in the town, or 
colony will make an ideal home. Water for domestic use is obtained from wells about 50 feet 
deep, and is of fine quality. A good public school house is in easy reach of the colony. 

The next party of colonists will leave Chicago about February 9. The town and colony 
lands are both platted and are ready for occupation and cultivation. Prospective colonists and 
California tourists are invited to join us. Write for rates and particulars. 



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NORTH MANCHESTER, INDIANA 
OR S. F. SANGER, GENERAL ORGANIZER, SOUTH BEND, INDIANA 



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February 9, 1909 



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Results Are What Count 



Results of Some Crops Raised in Idaho, 1908 






-TIEI^D OP BEETS. 


A. C. Coonard, .. 6 18% 


Wm. Hansen, . . 


. 6 


16 


Nampa District. 


Geo. Duval 170 14 


Melcher & Boor, 


. 37 


15 


Tons 


Rogers' Farm, . . 20 24 


A. E. Wood, . . . 


. 18 


16 


Name Acres per A. 


Gough & Merrill,. 10 18 


P. A. Gregar, . 


. 6 


15 


Mark Austin, ... 35 18 


A. V. Linder, ... 25 16 


R. F. Slone, . . . 


. 5 


15 


Company Farm, . 90 16 


David Betts, ... 14 15 


Thos. Weir, . . . 


. 14 


23 


Allen Bissett, . . 2 18 


Payette District. 


Wm. Melcher, . 


. 21 


22 


Tolef Olsen 4 17% 


C. M. Williams. . 5 19 


S. Niswander, . 


. 26 


17 


C. G. Nofziger, .5 19 


W. F. Ashinhurst, 3% 18 


John Ward. . . . 


. 10 


22 


Geo. Duval 6 26 


E. E. Hunter, ... 27 16 


W. B. Ross, ... 


. 5 


23 


ITampa District. 


Gough & Merrill, Oats 


100 


17- 


The results of grain crop following the 


Joe Dicken.s, Wheat 


56 


20 


beet crop. 


Sugar Company, Barley 


60 


40 


Kind of Bnshels 


Geo. Duval, Barley 


75 


35 


Crrain per A. A. 


Jonn Jrloltom, Wheat 


52 


20 


I. Hildreth. Wheat 5S 15 


Albert Mickel.s, Oats 


90 


9 



These results are only from a few points and a few individuals. Some 
localities report even greater yields, and show the possibilities of the coun- 
try. ^The fruit crop was very good; many of the growers realized from $700 
to $800 an acre for their apple crop this year, clear of all expenses. More 
land was sold in Idaho in 1908 than in any previous year. Land is still cheap. 
Settlers are going in very fast and the best opportunities will soon be taken. 

Homeseeker Round Trip Rates are in effect on the first and third Tues- 
days of January and February, 1909, as follows: From Chicago to Black- 
foot, Idaho, $42.50; Boise, Idaho, $57.50; Butte, Montana, $42.50; Caldwell, 
Idaho, $57.50; Hailey, Idaho, $53.60; Huntington, Oregon, second-class, 
$57.50; Idaho Falls, Idaho, $42.50; Ketchum, Idaho, $54.60; Market Lake, 
Idaho, $42.50; Mountain Home, Idaho, $53.90; Nampa, Idaho, $57.20; On- 
tario, Oregon, $57.50 ; Pocatello, Idaho, $42.50 ; Salt Lake City, Utah, $39.00 ; 
Shoshone, Idaho, $49.00; Twin FaUs, Idaho, $50.80; Weiser, Idaho, $57.50. 

Colonist One Way Cheap Rates will be in effect from March 1 to April 
30, 1909, inclusive. 

Write at once for printed matter giving full particulars about Idaho and 
its possibilities, climate and other attractions. 



S. Bock 

Colonization Agent, Dayton, Ohio 



D. E. Burley 

Q.P.A., O.S.L.R.R., Salt Lake City, Utah 



ftlKSbENnOK 



Vol. XI. 



February 9, 1909. 



No. 6. 



ABRAHAM LINCOLN 



When the compiler of the dictionary of Congress 
was preparing the work for publication in 1858, he 
sent Mr. Lincoln the usual request for a sketch of his 
life to which he received in June of that year the fol- 
lowing reply : 

Born Februar}- 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kc-ntnck}-. 

Education defective. 

Profession, a lawyer. 

Have been a captain of volunteers in Black Hawk War. 

Postmaster in a 
very small office. 

Four times a mem- 
ber of the Illinois 
I-egislature, and was 
a member of the 
lower house of Con- 
gress. 

Yours, etc., 
A Lincoln. 

A modest state- 
ment indeed which 
had in it very little- 
intimation of the' 
real greatness o i 
its author who was 
so soon to be called 
to guide a great 
nation through the 
darkest period of 
its history. 

Was his cilnca- 
tion defective? 
Measured' by the ■ . 

conventional standards of society, it certainly was. He 
attended school onl}- about four months in all, accord- 
ing to his own statement. 

If, however, education is to be measured by ability 
to think profoundly upon the greatest problems of 
both personal and national life : to state clearly and 
forcefully the results of such thinking in language 
whose beauty and simplicity still charm two continents ; 
to feel so deeply the wrongs of an enslaved race that 



Linuoln'.s First Home in Illinois. 



life becomes one constant struggle for their freedom : 
to perform such deeds of exalted patriotism as will 
inspire the loyal people of a divided country to fight 
on through four years of civil war to a victory which 
forever settled the question of national supremacy; to 
live a personal life so clean and pure and wholesome 
that all admire and none criticise — if these achieve- 
ments be the test of education, rather than the stand- 
ards set up by society and schools, then Abraham 

Lincoln was the 
most thoroughly 
educated man 
America has pro- 
duced. 

In this connec- 
tion it is interest- 
ing to note the 
following state- 
ments of Lincoln 
as foimd in a 
speech on* " The 
Improvement of 
-Sangamon Riv- 
er," delivered in 
1832 when he was 
a candidate for 
the State Legisla- 
ture of Illinois : 

"' Upon the sub- 
ject of education, 
not presuming to 
dictate any plan 
or system respecting it, I can only say that I view it 
rs the most important subject which we as a people 
can be engaged in. That ever\- man may receive at 
least a moderate education, and thereby be enabled to 
read the histories of his own and other countries, by 
wliich he may duly appreciate the value of our free 
institutions, appears to be an object of vital impor- 
tance, even on this account alone, to say nothing of 
tile advantages and satisfaction to be derived from all 




122 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



being able to read the Scriptures, and other works both 
of a religious and moral nature, for themselves. 

" For my part, 1 desire to see the time when edu- 
cation — and by its means, morality, sobriety, enter- 
prise and industry — shall become much more general 
than at present, and should be gratified to have it in 
my power to contribute something to the advance- 
ment of any measure which might' have a tendency 
to accelerate that happy period." 

By profession Lincoln was a lawyer. The methods 
of study pursued by him in preparation for his chosen 
profession would not be recognized by the courts as 
at present constituted. Associate Justice David Davis 
of the Supreme Court, in his fine eulogy of " Lincoln 
as a Lawyer," delivered in 1865, says: 

"In all the 
elements that 
constitute t h e 
great lawyer, he 
had few equals. 
.... He seized 
the strong 
points of a 
cause, and pre- 
s e n t e d them 
with clearness 
and great com- 
pactness. H i s 
mind was logic- 
.al and direct, 
and he did not 
indulge in ex- 
traneous discus- 
sion The 

framework o f 
his mental and 
moral being was 
honesty, and a 

wrong cause was poorly defended by him He 

read law books but little, except when the case in hand 
made it necessary; yet he was usually self-reliant, 
depending on his own resources, and rarely consulting 
his brother lawyers, either on the management of his 

case or on the legal questions involved He was 

not fond of litigation, and would compromise a law- 
suit w'henever practicable." 

Lincoln's own high ideals of what the character of 
a lawyer should be are expressed in the following, 
taken from " Notes for a Law Lecture," delivered in 
1850: 

" There, is a vague popular belief that lawyers are 
necessarily dishonest. I say vague, because when we 
consider to what e.xtent confidence and honors are 
reposed in and conferred upon lawyers by the people, 
it appears improbable that their impression of dis- 
honesty is very distinct and vivid. Yet the impres- 
sion is common, almost universal. Let no young 




Lincoln's Home in Springfield. 



man choosing the law for a calling for a moment 
yield to the popular belief — resolve to be honest at 
all events; and if in your own judgment you cannot 
be an honest lawyer, resolve to be honest without be- 
ing a lawyer. Choose some other occupation, rather 
than one in the choosing of which you do, in advance, 
consent to be a knave." 

Lincoln's election as captain of volunteers in the 
Black Hawk War is referred to by him as being a 
great surprise and as giving him more satisfaction 
than any success which came to him in life. 

His short experience in this was referred to in his 
speech on " Militarj' Heroes," delivered in the United 
States House of Representatives July 17 , 1848, in which 
speech he defended the \Miig candidate for President, 

General Taylor, 

and ridiculed 
General Cass, 
the Democratic 
candidate. 

The following 
paragraph from 
this speech fur- 
nishes a fine ex- 
ample of Lin- 
coln's humor : 

" By the way, 
M r . Speaker, 
did you know I 
am a military 
hero? Yes. sir; 
in the days of 
the Black Hawk 
War I fought, 
bled, and came 
away. Speaking 
of General 
Cass' career re- 
minds me of my own. I was not at Stillman's defeat, 
but I was as near it as Cass was to Hull's surrender ; 
and, like him, I saw the place verj' soon afterward. 
It is quite certain -I did not break my sword, for I 
had none to break; but I bent a musket pretty badly 
on one occasion. If Cass broke his sword, the idea is 
he broke it in desperation ; I bent the musket by acci- 
dent. If General Cass went in advance of me in pick- 
ing huckleberries, I guess I surpassed him in charges 
upon the wild onions. If he saw any live, fighting 
Indians, it was more than I did ; but I had a good 
many bloody struggles with the mosquitoes, and al- 
though I never fainted froin the loss of blood. 1 can 
truly say that I was often very hungry." 

The following amusing incident is related as an 
illustration both of Lincoln's ignorance of military 
matters and also of his ready wit : 

When his troops, formed by platoons, confronted 
a gate, Captain Lincoln ordered : 



THE INGLENOOK.— Februarv 9. 1909. 



123 



" This company is dismissed for two minutes when 
it will fall in on the other side of this fence." (He 
cliaracterized this as " an endwise " movement.) 

To serve as " postmaster at a very small ofiice," as 
Lincoln stated it in the outHne of his biography on 
w^hich the comments of this article are based, would 
mean little to an ordinary man, but to Lincoln this 
service furnished another opportunity for the educa- 
tion for which his soul hungered. The newspapers he 
handled in the office provided him with reading mat- 
ter, and from this source he kept himself fully informed 
on topics' of both local and national importance. He 
was appointed to tliis office, located at New Salem, by 
Andrew Jackson and served from May 7, 1833 to May 
30. 1836. Those were stirring times in our national 
life, and to Lincoln's mind the study of the newspaper 
reports of the speeches of Calhoun and Webster, on 
the burning issue of nullification, must have meant 
much in his preparation for the responsibilities which 
were to come to him when, as President of the United 
States, he should lead the nation through its four years' 
conflict brought on by those who taught that both the 
law and the constitution could be nullified at their 
pleasure. 

That must have been an interesting Legislature which 
met in \'andalia, the old capital of Illinois, December 5. 
1836. Stephen A. Douglas and .'\braham Lincoln were 
both tliere and both served as members of the peniten- 
tiary committee. Lincoln was one of the nine mem- 
bers from Sangamon County — two senators and seven 
members of the House — the delegation being known as 
the " Long Nine " on account of their rize. 

Lincoln's great " hit " at this session was the suc- 
cess won by his delegation, under his leadership, in 
securing the removal of the capital to Springfield. With 
only nine votes in the beginning, and with the " field " 
against him. Lincoln so adroitly managed his cam- 
paign that the bill locating the capital at Springfield 
was finally carried, and as a result, Lincoln was given 
the credit of a great triumph — in one sense a victory 
over his great future rival, Douglas, whose home town 
of Jacksonville was one of the leading competitors. 
On the question of internal improvements — tlie buikl- 
ing of canals — these two men, who were to wage such 
a political warfare later, were in perfect accord. 

On March 6, 1837, the session closed and the " Long 
Nine " started home. All save Lincoln had horses to 
ride. He walked, or rode " Shank's mare," as he de- 
scribed it. It is not difficult to picture in one's imag- 
ination this delegation as it moved homeward with 
Lincoln on foot carefully picking his way by the road- 
side and walking so fast that he kept up with the 
procession. It is related upon good authority that Lin- 
coln was so thinly clad that he actually shivered, and 
said, " Boys, I'm cold." The reply from liis mounted 
companions was : " No wonder, tliere's so much of 
you on the ground." 



The following word picture from the pen of Robert 
L. Wilson, one of the " Long Nine," written shortly 
after the adjournment of the session just referred to, 
is full of interest : 

" Lincoln was a natural debater ; he was always 
ready and always got right down to the merits of his 
case without any nonsense or circumlocution. He was 
quite as much at home in the Legislature as at New 
Salem ; he had a quaint and peculiar way, all his own, 
of treating a subject, and he frequently startled us by 
his modes — but he was always right. He seemed to 
be a born politician. We followed his lead : he hewed 
the way for us to follow, and we gladly did so. He 
could grasp and concentrate the matters under discus- 
sion, and his clear statement of an intricate or obscure 
subject w-as better than an ordinary argument. It may 
almost be said that he did our thinking for us, but he 
had no arrogance, nothing of the dictatorial ; it seemed 
the right thing to do as he did. He excited no envy 
or jealousy. He was felt to be so much greater than 
the rest of us that we were glad to abridge our intel- 
lectual labors by letting him do the general thinking 
for the crowd. He inspired absolute respect, although 
he was utterly careless and negligent. We would ride 
while he would walk, but we recognized him as a 
master of us in logic ; he was povertj' itself when I 
knew him, but still perfectly independent. He seemed 
to glide along in life without any friction or effort." 

While a member of Congress, Lincoln lost no oppor- 
tunit}' to express his sentiments on the slavery ques- 
tion, voting, as he afterwards often said forty or fifty 
times for the W^ilmot Proviso in various forms during 
his single term. He closed one of his carefully pre- 
pared speeches with these words : " Under no circum- 
stances would I consent to the further extension of 
slavery in the United States, or to the further increase 
of slave representation in the House of Representa- 
tives." 

For several years after the expiration of his term in 
Congress, Lincoln devoted all his time and attention 
to the practice of law. In fact he himself states that 
" in 1854 his profession had almost superseded the 
thought of politics in his mind, when the repeal of 
the Missouri Compromise aroused him as he had never 
been before." 

Then followed the great debates with Douglas which 
made him a national character and paved the way for 
his nomination for the Presidency to which office he 
was elected and in which he became, under God, the 
savior of the republic. The joy which came to the loyal 
citizens of the nation with his triumphant reelection 
and the deep sorrow which still lingers with us because 
of the awful tragedy of his assassination in the hour 
of victory which brought to him relief from the terrible 
strain of four years of war, can never be forgotten by 
those who lived through them. — Prof. O. T. Corson, 
Editor Ohio Educational Monthly. 



124 



THE IXGI.F.XOOK.— Fel)ruarv 9, 190'). 



AROUND THE WORLD WITHOUT 

A CENT 

HENRY M. SPICKLER 



Chapter XLIV. 

The anchor has splashed through the cahn surface 
of the little bay and run on down a dozen fathoms to 
the shallow bottom. Crete lies a mile on the right. 
The captain says he will lie here for four or five 
hours and then steam for Athens. For Athens, mind 
you! Not Milwaukee or Baltimore, but Athens! I 
am so ecstatic about it I would like to have every- 
body here so as to enjoy with me my glorious ex- 
pectations. 

It's midday and we have just finished our luncheon. 
I could go ashore but am too eager to go on, and the 
boat may leave before I get back. 

The island is of high mountains, apparently of bleak 
and weathered limestone. Orchards and vineyards 
fill the valleys but there is no pretty eflfect. The deep 
blue sea kisses its rough edges and cools the heat of 
a tropical sun that quivers in violent pulsations over 
ever\- .foot of ground. I wonder if Paul saw the 
color of the sea here, for in a storm the waves are 
leaden and sombre. From my notes made right on the 
spot I write : " The sea is wonderfully blue and looks 
like a magic sea. The dreary island, brown and gray, 
is not a fit setting for beauty. A painter, by coloring 
the hills with his imagination, could make the com- 
bination artistic." 

Xow the boats are coming. They should have been 
here. Yankees would have been out and ready to 
climb up the ship's sides before even the stairway had 
been let down. There are three boats and they are 
racing. Each wants to get to us first. What lusty 
pulls at long, heavy oars. The long boat, with the 
baggy-trousered Turk, wins. How quickly he runs 
up the ladder, followed by the others. Behind him 
comes a Greek w'ith heavy, dark face. Then come the 
boys with baskets of long-bunched, purple grapes. 
Passengers and sailors at once begin to lay in a supply 
of fruit. The boy motions me to taste them. I do. 
Umph ! 1 should say I do want some of them. He 
weighs out a penny's worth and so pleases me by the 
quantity as also with the quality, I motion to him to 
put on more, while I get twice the amount of money. 
I give him four cents, or two Italian pennies. Others 
are hurriedly buying the fruit and carrying it to their 
staterooms. Some of the venders have figs and I 
hurry to get a lot of them, too, for sea travelers are 



alwa3s wild for fresh fruit, and when they land after 
a voyage that is usually what they first seek. 

I bought si.vtccn big, bursting fat, ]iur])le and green 
figs for two cents, making six cents for enough fruit 
to keep me for two whole days. But poor Paul and 
his companions nearly starved here. Xo one came 
to their boat with fruit that flooded the mouth with 
saliva as in our case. But I suppose he was happier 
in his famished, toiling shipwreck than any of us 
who enjoyed the calm sea at her best. In getting 
back my change from the two-lire piece, which is 
forty cents or two francs. I asked for some Greek 
coins in five and ten lipta pieces, — about five and ten 
cents — so that when I reached Athens in the morn- 
ing I could hire a Grecian to take me ashore and 
pay him with his own coin. Athens is the greatest 
of all Grecian cities, and I do want to walk along her 
streets and see the Acropolis. 

From Athens we will sail directly to Asia Minor, 
landing at Smyrna after a cruise among scores of 
little islands I find dotting my map. From there I 
will get down to the Holy Land. Just how I will go 
I do not know, whether overland through the cities 
visited by Paul, or by sea. But I am not tr(_)ubled 
about it. The eye that guided Abraham will guide 
me. Crete is settling into the sea behind us, her bleak 
hills still visible, showing how the fertility of her once 
strong soil has been taken from her by the murder of 
the forests, that probably, like Sicily, once grew lux- 
uriantly over her now bleached form. 

The sea, during the afternoon, rolled somewhat and 
at evening the breeze was still strong and cool. At 
Genoa the Lctinibro had taken on a big cargo of flour 
ground from wheat shipped from Russia. This was 
left at Crete. The boat, thus lightened, rolled more 
severely, but I had no intimation of seasickness. 

Paul's captain was compeled to throw his cargo, 
perhaps of wheat, overboard at Crete that he might 
get away alive. My captain threw it overboard, — into 
a " lighter " — in order that he might gain money by 
the transaction. The other captain lost his boat, we 
are saving ours. But the world will always tell about 
Paul's captain and his little ship of sail, while the 
description of my visit to Crete will perish with the 
hand that writes it. He who but follows the wake of 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



125 



another vessel on life's sea may ride in a palace of 
comfort and brush the ruby wine from ruddy lips of 
sensual indulgence, but he will leave no lasting germ 
of good to sprout and grow and increase with the 
cycles of time. 

In a paper I just read that back in Messina, Sicily, 
a professor in the university there, after a long, ex- 
haustive study and experimenting with the cancer 
microbe, had discovered the cause of the cancer and 
a treatment for it. The world will look towards 
Messina, made famous by the sweet oranges shipped 
from her harbor, for the sweeter message of cure for 
the hitherto incurable cancer. 

The name of the professor is Francisco San Felice. 
Were I suffering from the cancer I should enclose 
a small sum of money in a postoffice order for his 
trouble, and write him a letter, asking him to tell 
nie how I could be benefited or cured. But as this is 
only a newspaper report, there may be no truth what- 
ever in the item. But some one zi'ill unlock the right 
medicine chest of God's remedies, some day, for the 
cure of cancer. Any disease that gh'es a doctor so 
long a time, and the patient so much strength and 
opportunity, to get at its cure as cancer, is bound to 
be throttled sooner or later. The half has not yet 
been told of the curative properties of the earth, for 
every disease, but that of sin, has its remedy right 
here. It is for us to find it. When it is found, we 
will know it. Quacks will not advertise it in half 
column or whole page lies. Patent medicines will 
not contain it at the drugstores. Your home doctor, 
who ought to be paid for keeping you well rather 
than for keeping you sick, will get it for you. The cure 
will be found, just as the sure cure for diphtheria 
has been found. When the cry for help goes up to 
the highest heaven of distress the voice of the sufferer 
will be heard, and in God's wonderful way, of hav- 
ing us work out our own salvation, some doctor in a 
■country town or student of research in the city hospital 
and laboratory, will find the simple remedy or mi.x 
the required combinations in such a way that our 
lieroic sufferers will be healed, for once and for all, 
of the ugliest cancer, as easily as though it were a 
fever sore or a boil. 

I do not want to be fanatical or to appear as not 
having good sense, but I believe that we, the readers 
of this paper, have it within our power, by prayer, 
whether we believe in it as much as we ought to or 
not, to bring about, instantly, or to cause to start, at 
once, principles and truths relating to the best condi- 
tions of health, that will go on and on with ever-in- 
creasing ability to combat the problems offered by 
this arch foe. not only of those who have cancer, but 
of the millions more who tremble lest they also may 
find it developing upon their body, until the cure, 
positively certain, will have been found. This will 
not come about, bv " dreaming " it in dav-dreams. 



though dreams at night, coming into the mind, or 
rather evolving or coming from the mind that has 
been entirely taken up with the subject all the day. 
are often the keys .unlocking the way before us. It 
-ci'ill come about when we all get right down to the 
hardest kind of prayerful toil and put forth such 
life-giving energies from a live-giving body, laughing 
in the splendor of overabundance of strength as to 
create life because there is life,— the life that is 
original, the life that finds bits of clay and leaves a 
new metal, the life that sees the kingdom of heaven 
in a dirty child or a radiantly-transformed society in 
a Burbank prune. 

Listen, people, I believe I have it. / haz'c it. The 
reason things don't happen is because we have been 
" resting on our oars." The church has been '■ rest- 
ing on its oars." Paul has come and gone. His cap- 
tain threw the wheat overboard in order to save the 
bread itself that was in chains in that boat. IVc have 
been tumbling the chains overboard and then throw- 
ing out life preservers and professional swimmers to 
rescue whatever or whoever might be fettered by 
those chains. Hidden under the tobacco smoke of 
selfish indulgence and dreaming the irrational dreams 
of the opium eater of stupid indift'erence, those world 
workers who should be leaders of the new impulse to 
discovery, have squatted, Indian style, on the breaking 
ship of civilization, counting the sacks of wheat in the 
hold for their present sustenance, regardless of sow- 
ing broadcast the seed that will enrich all others and 
leave them with more than at first. Once enough 
people think and work and pray together for some one 
thing, the thing will be born. 

The child thus brought into the world will be father 
to a thousand similar blessings. 

All Rights Reserved. 
(,?• (i5* ti5* 

LINCOLN'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

I WAS born February 12, 1809, in Hardin County. 
Kentucky. My parents were both born in \^irginia, 
of undistinguished families— second families, perhaps 
I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth vear, 
was of the family of the name of Hanks, some of 
whom now reside in Adams and others in Macon 
County, Illinois. My paternal grandfather, Abraham 
Lincoln, emigrated from Rockingham County, Vir- 
ginia, to Kentucky, about 1781 or 1782, where a year 
or two later he was killed by the Indians, not in battle, 
but by stealth, when he was laboring to open a farm in 
the forest. His ancestors, who were Quakers, went to 
\'irginia from Berks County. Penn.sylvania. An ef- 
fort to identify them with the New England family 
of the same name ended in nothing more definite than 
a similarity of Christian names in both families, such 
as Enoch. Levi, Mordecai, Solomon, and the like. 

My father, at the death of his father, was but six 
years of age, and he grew up literally without education. 



126 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



He removed from Kentucky, to wliat is now Spencer 
County. Indiana, in my eighth year. We reached our 
new Iiome about the time the State came into the 
Union. It was a wild region, wiih many bears and 
other wild animals still in the woods. There I grew 
up. There were some schools, so-called, but no qual- 
ification was ever required of a teacher beyond " read- 
in', writin', and cipherin' " to the rule of three. If 
a straggler, supposed to understand Latin, happened 
to sojourn in the neighborhood he was looked upon 
as a wizard. There was absolutely nothing to excite 
ambition for education. Of course when I came of 
age I did not know much. Still, somehow, I could 
read, write and cipher to the rule of three, but that 
was all. I have not been to school since. The little 
advance I now have upon this store of education, I 
picked up from time to time under the pressure of 
necessity. 

I was raised to farm work, which I continued till 
I was twenty-one. At twenty-one I came to Illinois, 
Macon County. Then I got to New Salem, at that 
time in Sangamon, now in Menard County, where I 
remained a year as a sort of clerk in a store. Then 
came the Black Hawk War; and I was elected a cap- 
tain of volunteers, a success which gave me more 



pleasure than any I have had since. 1 went through 
the campaign, was elected, ran for the legislature 
the same year (1832), and was beaten — the only 
time I have ever been beaten by the people. The 
next and three succeeding biennial elections 1 was 
elected to the Legislature. I was not a candidate after- 
ward. During this legislative period I had studied 
law, and removed to Springfield to practice it. In 
1846 I was once elected to the lower house of Con- 
gress. Was not a candidate for reelection. From 
1849 to 1854, both inclusive, practiced law more as- 
siduously than ever before. Always a Whig in p"- 
litics ; and generally on the Whig electoral tickets, 
making active canvasses. I was losing interest in 
politics when the repeal of the Missouri Compromise 
aroused me again. What I have done since that is 
pretty well known. 

If any personal description of me is thought desir- 
able, it may be said I am, in height, six feet four 
inches, nearly ; lean in flesh, weighing on an average 
of one hundred and eighty pounds ; dark complex- 
ion, with coarse black hair and gray eyes. No other 
marks or brands recollected. Yours truly, 

A. Lincoln. 
— Interstate Schoolman. 



THE LINCOLNS AT LINVILLE 

JOHN WALTER WAYLAND 



Most persons are familiar, at least in a general 
way, with the leading facts in the life of Abraham 
Lincoln, sixteenth President of the LTnited States, 
the centenary of whose birth will be celebrated on 
the 12th day of this month (February). However, 
most persons think of him as a product altogether of 
the West ; and but little is known of the family be- 
fore they went to Kentucky, just at the close of the 
Revolution. It has occurred to me, therefore, that 
something about the history of the Lincolns in \\r- 
ginia might be welcome to the readers of the Ingle- 
nook, the more so because such facts are generally 
unknown. 

It was my privilege a few years ago to have a most 
delightful conference with a representative of the 
family in Virginia, Mrs. Elizabeth Lincoln Penny- 
backer, who has since died at the advanced age of 
78. She had spent all of her long life in close as- 
sociation with the scenes and traditions of her an- 
cestors, and related to me many facts of interest con- 
cerning the family history. What I shall have to say 
will be in substance what she told me. 

John Lincoln, the first of the name to settle in Vir- 
ginia, came from Pennsylvania some time prior to the 



Revolution and located on the fertile lands border- 
ing Linville Creek, now in Rockingham County, then 
a part of Augusta. It may be of interest to note in 
passing that " Linville " seems to be a modified form 
from " Lenvill," or " Lenivell," a family name. In 
1746 William Lenivell purchased 1,500 acres of land 
near the head of the stream, and about the same time 
the name Lenivell appears to have been first applied to 
the beautiful rivulet that collects the water from the 
surrounding springs. John Lincoln's tract, or at least 
part of it, was purchased from a grant of 7,009 acres 
made by the Virginia colonial council in 1739 to 
Hite, Duff, McKay, and Green. Hite (Jost Hite) 
was perhaps the most prominent leader in the settle- 
ment of the Shenandoah Valley. 

John Lincoln gave a considerable body of land to 
each of his five sons, Abraham. John, Jacob, Thomas, 
and Isaac; but in time all of them except Jacob left 
.Virginia, going for the most part to Kentucky. John 
finally got to Tennessee. Abraham, who went to 
Kentucky about 1782, was the father of Thomas, 
Mordecai, and Josiah ; and Thomas was father of 
Abraham, the President. 

A strong reason why the Lincoln boys went to 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



127 



Kentucky is doubtless to be found in the fact that 
they were intimate friends of Daniel Boone. About 
the year 1751, when the youthful Boone, with his 
parents, was moving from Berks County, Pennsylva- 
nia to Carolina, he is said to have spent a year or 
more on Linville Creek, some six miles north of the 
present town of Harrisonburg. Now, from this lo- 
cation he must have been a near neighbor to the 
Lincolns ; and I am of the opinion that the Boones 
were probably the guests of the Lincolns during this 
sojourn. At any rate, the association of Boone with 
the Lincoln homestead on Linville Creek gives the 
place a double interest. 

According to the statement of President Lincoln 
himself, made in a letter written in December, 1859, 
toth his parents were born in Virginia. His father 
(Thomas) must have been about four years old at 
the time his grandfather (Abraham) moved to Ken- 
tucky ; and since he moved from the Linville Creek 
ueighborhood we are able to establish a close associa- 
tion between the President's immediate ancestors and 
the old Virginia homestead. 

Jacob Lincoln, the President's grear uncle, who re- 
mained in Virginia, attained distinction in the Revo- 
lutionary army, rising to the office of lieutenant or 
captain. He was called Captain Lincoln by Mrs. 
Pennybacker. Shortly before going to the war he 
had married a young lady, Miss Robeson, much against 
the will of her father, who accordingly avowed his in- 
tention of disowning her. The patriotism of young 
Lincoln and his wife was more abundant than their 
wealth : in fact, they appear to have been very poor 
as yet ; so after the husband's departure from home the 
wife and mother had a hard struggle to keep the 
wolf from the door. Taking her young child she 
went out into the field, where with her own hands 
she cut the grain that was to furnish them bread. 
.\t last her father, either from pity or moved by 
a sense of shame, sent her a yoimg negro girl, to be 
ber servant. With the slave giri's assistance she man- 
aged to get along until her husband returned at the 
close of the long struggle. 

But in time Captain Lincoln and his wife succeed- 
ed in mending their fortunes. About the year 1800 
they erected a good, large brick house, which is still 
standing in good repair. Captain Lincoln was succeed- 
ed as owner by his son .Abraham, who added a substan- 
tial east wing to the structure, which is at present the 
comfortable home of Mr. Samuel M. Bowman, 
a worthy member of the Church of the Brethren. 
The house stands half way up the long slope on the 
east side of Linville Creek, at a distance of a couple 
bundred vards from the stream. Several miles beyond 
the latter, toward the west, the fir^t ranges of the .\lle- 
ghany Mountains are in plain sight. On the slope 
above the house, two or three hundred vards to the 
cast, is the old family graveyard, surrounded by its 



high iron fence, in which Captain Jacob Lincoln (1751- 
1822), his son Abraham (1799-1852), and other rela- 
tives are buried. Mrs. Pennypacker was a daughter 
of Abraham, just mentioned, her maiden name being 
Lincoln. In certain parts of Rockingham County 
the family name is frequently met with at the present 
day. 

It may be interesting in this connection to observe 
that the Pennybacker family is also one of distinction 
in the valley of Virginia, as well as elsewhere. Eliza- 
beth Lincoln's husband, Colonel John D. Pennybacker, 
was some time member of the Virginia State Senate; 
and his father, Isaac S. Pennypacker, was United 
States Senator from Virginia from 1845 to 1847, hav- 
ing previously been a member of the House of Repre- 
sentative. Ex-Governor S. W. Pennypacker of Penn- 
sylvania is a near relative. 

Abraham Lincoln, the President's grandfather, was 
killed by Indians a year or two after he settled in 
Kentucky, and a tragedy also marked the old home- 
stead on Linville Creek. Captain Jacob's son, Abra- 
ham, by accident cut his brother John so severelv with 
a scythe, while the two were mowing together, that 
the injured man bled to death. 

The young trees for the large orchard which Jacob 
Lincoln planted soon after 1800 were brought from 
Pennsylvania. Some of these trees were still to be 
seen only a few years ago. About the same time 
that he planted his orchard. Captain Lincoln engaged 
a German artisan named Schultz to make him a book- 
case, corner cupboard, desk and other articles of furni- 
ture for his house. The mahogany for these articles 
was hauled by wagon from either New York or 
Pennsylvania, Mrs. Pennybacker was not certain 
which. The writer had the privilege of examining the 
identical cupboard and desk, which are remarkably 
welt preserved, and which are really marvels of work- 
manship. They bid fair to last another hundred years. 

■t ^t ..?« 
THE SUPERFLUOUS BOY. 

•' ELIZ.VCETH M. ROYER. 

Chapter III. 

" Well, if here isn't Francis ! Why, child, how 
comes you are out so late? I w^as almost ready to go 
to bed. Come right in and rest a bit and have some 
of my fresh cookies before- you go back. How are all 
the folks? I haven't seen any of you for quite a little 
spell. One of our neighbors has been sick and I 
have been looking after her now and then." While 
she had been talking. Grandma Peaslev had Francis 
seated in the most comfortable rocking-chair with a 
plate of cookies at his elbow and another of apples. 
In blissful content, he munched away, ' sure of her 
sympathy in the tale he had to tell. 

" Well, now, you poor dear ! " grandma would ex- 
claim. 



128 



THE INGLEXOOK.— I'fbruarv 9, 1909. 



■' Well, well, those girls certainly do make things 
lively. I guess I had better take you." 

" .\nd, grandma," he concluded, " I just decided 
I wouldn't go back there and stand all of their fuss- 
ing in the morning. It's more than I can take. I 
thought I would come over here and maybe when they 
found it out in the morning they would be sorry 
and treat me better. I tell you, grandma, I have 
been having some pretty hard times. I can't be 
captain of the football team any more just because 
of that, and I bet Annette has gone back on me." 
Xo one knew of her but grandma. No one else 
could understand. " I just reached the limit, 
and I thought I would give them a good scare once, 
and mebbe they would appreciate me better." The 
cookies and grandma's cheerful face made it possible 
for him to talk of his troubles without tears. Some- 
how, since he was here they did not seem so large. 

" Well, well, that's just right. Always come to 
your grandmother w'hen in trouble. She will never 
desert you. You can depend on her. I like boys and 
I like to have them around. Now don't be afraid of 
eating those cookies. They won't hurt you and there 
are plenty more in the crock. Now, you say they 
don't know that you left at all ? " 

" Yes, I climbed out the back window and ran 
through the back gate and got out just as easy. They 
never thought of a thing. I bet they will be good and 
sorry in the morning. Mebbe they will get out the 
police and put my name in the paper. Now, wouldn't 
that be fun?" 

" Yes, of course, that would be lots of excitement. 
I don't suppose they will worry much, do you ? " 

" They don't worry much when I am there and I 
guess it won't hurt them now. I bet that Miss Tam 
will be glad enough to see me coming back tomorrow 
and she won't tease me any more. When she sings, 
' Don't worry, keep smiling,' I feel like I would have 
to-to knock a hole right through something, it makes 
me so mad." His burdens were lightening with every 
word. To find someone to sympathize certainly did 
lots to help lift the trouble. 

" Xo, I guess they won't worry too much," said 
grandma half to herself. " Once when your father 
was young, he ran off and I felt pretty bad. I got 
a good many of my gray hairs that night. I stayed 
up all night and hunted and hunted but couldn't 
find a trace of him anywhere. In the morning we 
found him asleep in the haymow. His father had 
whipped him and he had gone out there, but that 
didn't keep me from worrying. But vou said your 
folks didn't think very much of you so, of course, 
they won't worry." 

" No, I don't think they will," answered Francis, 
thoughtfully, " but if you think there is any danger 
of mama feeling awful bad, maybe you had better 
telephone over. I guess they wouldn't come clear 



over here tonight, and in the morning perhaps they 
will be feeling better." 

" Well, W'ell, now that's a kind, considerate boy. 
That's the way I like to hear boys talk. We will see. 
I think you had better be getting ready for bed if you 
have had enough to eat. Let me think a minute. 
I believe I have a chicken leg left from supper. Do 
you think you could eat that yet ? " Grandma looked 
a little doubtfully at the empty cooky plate. 

" I guess I could, grandma. You see I haven't 
had very much to eat today and I got pretty hungry. 
I did manage to get a few extra things and hide them 
at noon so I wouldn't quite starve, but they didn't go 
very far." 

" You come right along out in the kitchen and I 
will get that for you," answered grandma, heartily. 
" Say, grandma, maybe I ought to wash up a little 
bit before I go to bed, I got kind of dirty out play- 
ing." Francis looked doubtfully at his grimy hands. 
" Now, don't you wash unless you feel like it. I 
know how boys hate to wash, and I don't want them 
to do anything they hate to do. I don't suppose I 
will mind washing a couple extra sheets and pillow 
slips. My rheumatism doesn't often strike me on 
wash-days." 

" I think I better. I wouldn't want to make you so 
much work. I don't believe I would mind washing 
here if I knew Tam wasn't looking." 

" All right, sonny. Right here is the basin and here 
is the water, and over there hangs a towel. Just go 
right along and w'ash all you want," directed grandma, 
as she bustled about getting the necessary things 
ready. 

" Your water feels better than ours," commented 
Francis, as he displayed a shining face and clean 
hands for grandma's inspection. " If you see any 
dirt around the corners you take that rag and wash 
it off, please. I can't always get to all the corners." 

" Now, that's a pretty fine job for a boy your size. 
I don't believe Tam herself could do that well. Let 
me get my specs a minute." Grandma looked him 
carefully over. " Here's a little speck mebbe I ought 
to doctor some. Now, you are as clean as a new 
pin. I will be proud to have such a fine boy sleeping 
in my bed." 

" I tell you, if they would give a fellow at home a 
little encouragement like that I wouldn't mind wash- 
ing so much," confided Francis. 

" Francis, do you suppose you could go down those 
steps and bring u]) that plate that sets at the bottom 
on the floor, the one with a cover on it? I will hold 
the lamp for \i)u." 

" Sure I can. I used to be afraid in the dark, but 
I ain't any more." 

He started down, but grandma's steps were treach- 
erous affairs and had to be understood. The lamp 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



129 



gave little light and when he was half way down, he 
stumbled and. fell to the bottom. 

" O Francis," cried grandma in alarm, as she hur- 
ried to help him, " are you hurt? " 

" Boo-oo-oo, it hurts awful. My ankle. I can't 
stand it." 

With infinite labor, grandma succeeded in getting 
him upstairs to the lounge in the sitting-room, and 
found that he had given his ankle a severe wrench. 
She bathed it tenderly and tried to soothe him, while 
he manfully fought back the tears that insisted on 
coming. All thought of telephoning was forgotten, 
and neither did she think of it after Francis had fallen 
into a troubled sleep, as she sat patiently beside him 
listening to his restless mutterings. The ring of the 
telephone startled her. She arose at once to answer it. 
Mrs. Peasley's peevish voice came complainingly over 
the wires telling that Francis had gone and they 
couldn't imagine what had become of him. They 
had looked all over the neighborhood and had gotten 
everyone out of bed, and had even called up the police. 
They couldn't find any trace of him at all. There had 
been gypsies in town and they were afraid he had 
been kidnaped. They were dreadfully worried. The 
girls were all crying and she was almost distracted. 
What in the world were they going to do? 

" Well," replied grandma, " I guess you won't have 
much of anything to do. Francis is over here. You 
sent him upstairs without any supper and for an un- 
just reason and he thought he would come over to 
see me." 

" Yes, I know." Mrs. Peasley answered in relieved 
tones. " I am so glad you have him. Girls, Francis 
is at grandma's. Stop crying. Yes, I know, mother, 
I was too stern. I admit that now. I have been sorry 
for it ever since. Well, you send him home in the 
morning. Tell him he won't get punished." 

" I don't know as I shall send him home in the 
morning," replied grandma with little sympathy for 
them. " He fell down the cellar stairs and hurt his 
ankle. I guess he will be over here for a couple of 
weeks yet." 

■■ O mother, is it serious ? " distractedly inquired 
Mrs. Peasley. " I will be right over. The poor child ! " 

" Now, don't fret yourself, Maud. I have done 
all that can be done for the child." 

" I haven't time to talk a minute. I will be right 
there as soon as I can get my things on." 

The receiver was hung up with a clash. Grand- 
mother went back to her post. Francis had awak- 
ened and listened to the conversation. Grandma told 
him what he could not hear. 

" They do love me a whole lot, I guess, don't they, 
grandma? I am sorr>' if they worried about me. I 
would hate to have them feel as bad as I did this 



" Tut, tut," enjoined grandma with tears in her 
eyes, " lie down and go to sleep.'' 

" I want to wait until mama comes." 

" No, no, you must get some sleep. Does your 
ankle still hurt? " 

" Not so bad as it did, but it's pretty bad still." 

Francis, at grandma's " command closed his eyes, 
but he did not sleep, for as soon as his mother's step- 
was heard on the porch, accompanied by others, they 
were wide open, searching the doorway for a glimpse 
of his family. 

" O Francis," cried his mother on her knees with 
her arms about him. " I am so sorry. You poor child T 
How your ankle must hurt ! " 

" The pa-i-n don't bother mu-much i-if you .st-t-ilf 
lo-love me." 

" Love you, you darling child, of course, I love vou. 
My! How worried I was when I thought you were 
kidnaped." 

" Yes, we do love you, Francis," avowed Sarah,, 
" 3'ou can sleep all day if you want to." 

" I don't care how dirty your hands get," conceded 
Marie. 

" I am going to try awful hard to get up early and' 
keep clean after this," he answered in broken,, 
smothered sobs from his mother's neck. 

" You dear boy," chorused all of them. 

" Ye$," announced Tam, " I saw that Tom Green 
tonight, and mebbe you think I didn't give it to him. 
The boys don't like him and they want you back for- 
captain as soon as you can get there. Fred said so 
tonight when we were hunting for you." Then in a 
wliisper she added. " Annette is awful sorry you were- 
lost. She don't like that Tom Green one bit. Don't 
you worry about her. I tell you. Fm not going to- 
tease you any more either." 

" You are all so good," murmured Francis, as he 
fell asleep with a smile on his face. 

The End. 

t5* e^* (5* 

A POOR boy, who by dint of hard work had succeed- 
ed in getting an education, decided to try for a vacancy 
in a Chicago bank. While he was in the office the 
bank president touched a button and the bank's de- 
tective stepped in. He looked at the boy and then 
went away. The president said, " Come back in a 
week." At that time the president said, "There 
are forty-six applicants for this place. All have been 
watched for a week. Only two boys passed the char- 
acter test, which touched particularly the points of 
extravagance, vice, where evenings were spent, and 
the Sabbath day. .\11 this is strictly business and not 
at all an inquisition into private character. This 
bank must take account of these things for its own 
sake. Of the two you have the best qualifications,, 
and the place is yours." — Home Herald. 



130 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



Nature Studies 




THE HUNTER WHO WAS CURED. 

Without any nature-faking or any mawkishness, 
Dr. Henry Smith Williams describes the drama of a 
wounded bird. 

" The bird at which the boy had fired thrust down 
its legs and wabbled as if about to fall; then re- 
covered itself and flew on, its legs dangling. A 
chance shot had apparently broken its back, paralyz- 
ing the legs, but leaving it still strength enough to 
fly a certain distance. Trained hunter as he was, the 
boy watched the wounded bird, and marked the ex- 
act spot where it finally dropped just at the edge 
of a cornfield half a mile away. 

" ' I think I'll go after it.' said the youth. 
■ " ' Nonsense.' said Luther : ' it's a half mile away 
and you have all yon want without it.' 

" ' But the bird is wounded. I hate to have it lie 
out there and suffer." 

" ' Oh, it's probably dead ; or if it isn't some skunk 
or weasel will kill it tonight. Come along." 

" It was nearly sunset, and the youth was tired 
after the long tramp of the day. It would be a long 
trip over to the cornfield for weary legs — and then 
perhaps to find the bird dead. Already it was supper 
time at home, and he had a hunter's appetite. So he 
allowed himself to be overpersuaded, and the two 
tramped homeward. 

" But the grouse that had fallen over in the corn- 
field was not dead. Nor, as it chanced, was its 
wound of a kind to produce speedy death. The in- 
jury did, however, render the bird utterly helpless. 
Once it dropped to the earth, it could not rise again. 
Nor could it move about on the ground, for its legs 
were paralyzed completely. It lay on the bare earth, 
sheltered by the cornstalks from the eyes of hawks, 
and where there was not much danger that a maraud- 
ing beast would find it. But there was no food at 
hand. It was doubtful even whether the bird would 
be able to sip a few drops of dew from a cornstalk 
to quench the thirst that its wound must develop. 

" Quite obviously fate had marked the grouse for 
a lingering death of torture. Its wound, already pain- 
ful, must become more so with the lapse of time. 
Insects would come in phalanxes to pester it. Htuiger 
and thirst would add their modicum of agonv. The 



greatest mercy it could hope for would be the com- 
ing of some skunk or weasel, as the hunter had sug- 
gested, to put it out of misery. But no such messen- 
ger of speedy death chanced to come that way." 

Dr. Williams describes the church service the fol- 
lowing Sunday morning, and the awakening of the 
boy's mind to a fear that the wounded grouse might 
not have died all these days, and he goes on : 

" The youth's soul was undergoing development in 
that half hour. He was making one of those short 
cuts from point of view to point of view. He was 
passing — little as he realized it — from the barbarian- 
hunter stage to a plane of broader sympathies. 

" All through the lesson he sat brooding the same 
thoughts, and as he left the church the idea of the 
wounded bird had taken full possession of his mind. 
Instead of goin^ home, he set out for the field where 
he had shot the grouse. He believed he might find 
the bird even yet. At least he would try. 

" A good memory and a keen eye enabled him to 
go about the point of the field from which the grouse 
had flushed ; and over by a peculiar fence post — where 
the wounded bird had gone down. He went directly 
to it, and scarcely entered the cornfield when his dog 
came to a point. There ahead on the ground lay the 
bird, stretched at full length. It made no effort to 
escape as he came up. It was too near death to fear 
him or anything, its eyes half closed, its bill agape, 
as it feebly gasped for breath. 

" In an instant the youth was on his knees beside 
the bird, a great lump in his throat, his eyes straining 
as if they would start from their sockets. The mean- 
ing of it all came to him with the force .of a blow. 
Mechanically, he brushed away the insects that 
gathered about the wound in the bird's back. He 
stroked the soiled plumage tenderly. He found him- 
self calculating the hours that the grouse had lain 
there suffering. It had happened Wednesday and this 
was Sunday — 24. 48, 72, about 90 hours ; yes. fully 
90. What a cruel stretch of torture! The youth re- 
called an occasion when he had had a toothache for 
two hours that had seemed interminable : and the 
meaning of that 90 hours of pain came home to him 
yet more vividly. In an agony of remorse he knelt 
there, thinking, thinking. He closed his eves, and 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



131 



when he opened them a few moments later the grouse 
had ceased to breathe. 

" The youth rose suddenly and walked to the verge 
of the cornfield. He selected a spot in a fence corner, 
and began to dig a hole. The ground was hard, and 
he had nothing but his knife and a piece of a stick to 
aid him ; but he persevered the more stubbornly as his 
fingers become sore from digging. When the grave 
was deep enough, the youth went after the body of 
the grouse and took it up very tenderly, as if so much 
sufl^ering had given it sacredness. He laid the poor 
thing carefully in the ground, smoothing its every 
feather. Then he resolutely scooped in the dirt till 
the grave was filled and carefully smoothed over. 

" It was a thoughtful youth who walked slowly 
homeward across the fields that autumn day. He 
was asking himself what right he had to inflict such 
sufi'ering as that. What manner of friend to the 
birds was he that could wish only to kill them? What 
pleasure could he get in future in shooting always 
with the possibility of reenacting the tragedy of the 
cornfield ? 

" Long before he reached home, the youth had 
made up his mind. He knew that he should never 
shoot his gun again. He had entered a new phase of 
life. The desire to kill was no longer strong in him. 
The instinct of the hunter had left him forever." — 
Our Youth's Friend. 

fc5* (5* (^* 

DENIZENS OF THE TREES AND EARTH 
IN WINTER. 

A FEW days ago a small mob of English sparrows 
was seen chasing a frightened bird from one building 
to another. The fleeing bird proved to be a brown 
thrasher. 

The poor thing while migrating at night had prob- 
ably become dazed by the city's lights, and had dropped 
down into the streets to await daylight. Then, chased 
by the sparrows, it had become too frightened to rise 
over the tops of the buildings, and was fluttering 
against the sides of houses, alighting on a bay window 
or catching on an opened blind, where it would remain, 
panting for breath, until its tormentors compelled it to. 
move on. 

During the bird migrations it is not uncommon to 
find shy and often rare denizens of the forests flying 
about the crowded city streets or searching for food 
in the treeless courts of business districts. 

With most birds and mammals fall is a season of 
preparation for the coming winter. Most of the mam- 
mals and birds that do not migrate to a wanner climate 
where food abounds must either hibernate or lay in a 
stock of provisions. 

Now they may be found building their winter houses 
and carrying in stores. In fact, every animal seems 
to be hurrying and bustling, lest nature catch it un- 



awares and kill it with cold or starvatitm before its 
work is done. 

The robins have long since left the villages and 
taken to the fields, the brush lots, and the margins of 
the groves and woods. All through the day flock after 
flock passes southward, and scattered bunches flying 
high hurry to their roosting places in the groves and 
dense forests as evening approaches. 

The casual observer sees little bird lite just now, but 
if he knew where to look he would find the woodlands, 
and meadows well populated with feathered people. 
The reason he is misled is that, save for the call notes 
and once in a while the soft, subdued song of a robin 
or a song sparrow, the birds are silent now. 

It is strange how birds of dififerent species seek one 
another's society at this season of the year. In the 
thick willows along the streams and lakes purple 
grackles, red wing blackbirds, ntsty grackles, and 
cowbirds silently feed together. 

But the mammals are even more active than the 
birds in preparing for the winter. Most of the birds 
migrate, and but few mammals do. 

The woodchuck or ground hog made hay before the 
farmer cut his crop. He has spent his entire time 
from late in August, even during moonlight nights, 
eating the clover heads and stealing the farmer's vege- 
tables. 

The result is that he has filled his contract with 
nature, an3 has clothed himself in a layer of thick 
fat that will not only keep him wann, but will nour- 
ish him while he sleeps. During the Indian summer 
days, after the crops are harvested, leaving exposed the 
entrance to his burrow, he will crawl to the mouth 
and, seated on the mound of earth, take a farewell 
look at the world before retiring for the winter. 

Along the streams and in the marshes the muskrat 
is busy building his winter house. He piles clots of 
dirt, sticks, weeds, and other rubbish, gathered along 
the water's margin and the bottoms of the streams or 
lakes. 

Swiftly and silently he swims along, carrying the 
nesting materials in his mouth. In the rushes in 
shallow water he deposits his load and returns for 
more. In a month's time he will have made a mound 
house several feet high. 

In the center of this mound there is a room, wet and 
small, to be sure, but large enough and high enough 
above the water to house his family comfortably. From 
here he will make excursions after food, and, no 
doubt, in time of stornis he will go hungr}', but some- 
how he usually manages to survive until spring. 

The gray squirrels have left their summer nests of 
dried leaves and taken quarters in the hollow tree 
trunks. They, like the red squirrels, chipmunks, and 
many other smaller rodents, are busy laying in their 
winter's harvest of nuts, grain, and seeds. — Selected. 



THE IXGLENCX)K.— February 9, 1909. 



THE INGLENOOK 

A Weekly Magazine 

PUBLISHED BY 

Brethren Publishing House 
Elgin, Ilunois 

Subscription Price, One Dollar per Annum, in Advance 

The Inglenook stands for material and spiritual progress. 

Its purpose is to safeguard home life by supplantii.g and 
counteracting bad literature. To carry out this purpose a 
strong effort is made to develop the latent talent of the con- 
stituency. 

Liberal commission given to agents. Sample copies are 
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Watch the label on your paper. It gives the date of the 
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Entered at the Postofflce at Elgin. 111., as Second-class Matter. 

A GREAT MAN REMEMBERED. 

In many parts of our country the public schools 
for some years have observed Lincoln's birthday, Feb. 
12, with appropriate exercises. This year, which 
marks a full century since the birth of the great man, 
the observance of the event in the schools is to be more 
widespread. E.xtra efforts are being made to place 
high in the estimation of the pupils the man who lent 
himself so fully to the cause which he believed to be 
right. In addition, through an act of Congress, giv- 
ing him the autliority, the President has issued a 
proclamation " setting apart Feb. 12, 1909, as a special 
holiday in recognition of the centennial anniversary 
of tlie birth of Abraham Lincoln." 

Many of us are firm in the belief that for every 
great occasion there is some one who has fitted him- 
self to meet it, and we have no better example of 
this than that of our first martyred President. The 
lesson we can draw from his life is this : Make the 
best of our opportunities and devote the results to the 
welfare of our fellow-men. This may not bring us be- 
fore the world, as it did Abraham Lincohi, but it will 
make us trul\' good and great. Whether we are ever 
known outside our own neighborhood is a matter of 
little importance. Whetlier we have " made good " 
in the humble as well as in the high place is a matter 
of deep concern to the very angels in heaven. 

v5* (.?• «(?• 

"EASY" DIVORCE LAW CONDEMNED. 

Not long ago we quoted the words of Mrs. W. 
H. Taft on the evils of the .modern divorce laws. Now 
we give our readers the opinion of a county judge on 
the same subject. It was during the process of dis- 
solving the union of a certain couple recently that 
Judge John Gibbons of Cook County, 111., took oc- 
casion to speak of the sanctity of the marriage re- 
lation. Here is what he says : 

"Although I grant hundreds of divorces annually 



in obedience to the statute of this State, I neverthe- 
less believe that divorces should not be allowed, ex- 
cept possibly for one cause, and this, I think, should 
be the policy of the State, whether viewed from the 
standpoint of divine or human law. When Adam and 
Eve entered into the bonds of holy matrimony before 
God himself, it was proclaimed in the morning of the 
world : ' Therefore shall a man leave father and 
mother and shall cleave to his wife ; and they shall 
be two in one flesh.' And Christ, speaking on the 
same subject, declared, ' Have you not read that he 
who made man from the beginning made them male 
and female, and said, For this cause shall a man leave 
father and mother and shall cleave to his wife and the 
two shall be one flesh ? What, therefore, God hath 
joined together, let not man put asunder.' Whereupon 
the Pharisees said to him, ' Did not Moses command 
to give her a bill of divorce, and put her away?' 
And Christ answered, ' Moses from the hardness of 
your heart suffered you to put away your wives ; but 
from the beginning it was not so,' which means that 
under the old law but one cause for divorce was rec- 
ognized, and I believe that to this fact largely may 
be attributed the stability of the Jewish home and 
integrity of the Jewish family. 

" By reason of the many causes for divorce under 
the laws of this State, marriage is reduced to the level 
of commercialism, and the consequences are more 
baneful to society than Mormonism. Whenever a 
man prefers another woman to his wife he usually 
finds a way to compel her to take refuge in the 
divorce courts, and it not infrequently happens that the 
husband retains and pays for the lawyers on both sides 
of the case, and in this manner there is little difficulty 
in securing the divorce. This is why there arc ap- 
parently so many more women than men seeking di- 
vorces." 

Judge Gibbons further says it is his belief that " an 
enlightened public sentiment will gradually correct 
this defect in the social system." Considering that 
divorces are becoming more and more common and 
that people are seemingly growing more and more 
indifferent to the evil, it is hard to see when that 
turn will be made. Would that all those who recog- 
nize the evil might agitate the question so that a re- 
form would set in before the condition of society be- 
came so corrupt that the country would be forced to 
take drastic measures for self-preservation. When 
anything opposed to the eternal principles of right 
runs its full course, destruction is the end; and all 
right-thinking people must confess that the divorce 
evil has gone far on its way. 
.t J* ..*« 
BLOW TO PARTY SPOILS SYSTEM. 

Tun; saying that has been put in practice by both 
the big parties since the time of Andrew Jackson, 
" To the victor belong the spoils," will likely have to 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



133 



be changed, if not in word, at least in meaning. 
Henceforth, if we retain the present wording, we will 
understand the " victor " to be the one, of whatever 
party, who has proven himself most competent to 
discharge the duties of an office in the gift of the 
party in power. President Roosevelt has adhered to 
this idea in some degree throughout his administra- 
tion. But the most decided stand taken on the sub- 
ject is that of Governor Hughes of New York. 

During his first term the Governor made it pretty 
plainly felt by " the organization " that he had no debts 
to discharge with fat-salaried or influential positions. 
This term he is emphasizing the fact even more 
plainly than before. William E. Curtis, writing for 
the Chicago Record-Herald tells about it thus : 

" Acting upon the principles he has declared so 
frequently and plainly, Governor Hughes took par- 
ticular pains in his inaugural address to proclaim his 
independence of the Republican State Committee and 
the leaders of that party, and emphasized his attitude 
immediately on the first day of his second term, by 
placing under the civil service laws about two thou- 
sand appointments as county superintendents, county 
engineers, surveyors and other officials authorized by 
the new highway law. He announced that all of 
them, without regard to political connections, will be 
appointed from lists of eligibles, to be prepared by 
the State civil service commission after examinations 
to test the qualifications of candidates for the actual 
construction and maintenance of roads. 

" The Governor's action withdraws from patron- 
age of the Republican machine about one hundred 
positions paying salaries of $2 500 and upward, whose 
incumbents will have the employment of large num- 
bers of men in carrying out the expenditure of $50.- 
000,000, in the construction of new roads. This fund 
has been raised by the issue of bonds voted by the 
people, and is to be expended pro rata among fifty-two 
different counties of the State, an average of nearly a 
million dollars to the county, which as you may 
judge, placed a tremendous political influence in the 
hands of the president of the commission. 

" The loss of the control of this patronage is the 
hardest blow that has been struck at the Republican 
party for many years, particularly as its majority in 
the Legislature included a provision making all these 
officials exempt from the competitive system of ap- 
])ointmcnt imder the regular civil service regulations. 
The action of the Governor does not violate this pro- 
vision, because it does not require competitive exami- 
nations, but it does require a severe test to prove the 
qualifications of candidates who present themselves." 

When we come to think what a fruitful source pf 
•corruption this spoils system is we wonder why it was 
not thrown out long before this. Perha])s it was be- 
cause a man bound himself to it by the mere act of 
entering the p:ilitical field. .And mnv that that field 



has been made to assume a more decent appearance 
of late years, the bands have been weakened. How- 
ever that may be, much honor is due Governor Hughes 
for the action he has taken. The country will benefit 
by it all around. The duties of these offices will be 
more fully discharged because the worker will be 
more competent and because he knows the quality 
of the work done is of chief importance. Then, 
too, the earnest worker everywhere will be encouraged, 
knowing that faithfulness and competency -are the 
strongest " pull " a man can have. 

t5* ^* <i9* 

APRAHAM LINCOLN. 

Oh, slow to smite and swift to sp.ire, 
Gentle and merciful and just! 

Who, in the fear of God, didst bear 
The sword of power — a nation's trust. 

In sorrow by thy bier we stand. 

Amid the awe that hushes all. 
And speak the anguish of a land 

That shook with horror at thj- fall. 

Thy task is done — the bond are free; 

We bear thee to an honored grave, 
Whose noblest monument shall be 

The broken fetters of the slave. 

Pure was thy life; its bloody close 

Hath placed thee with the sons of light, 

Among the noble host of those 

Who perished in the cause of right. 

— Bryant. 

He knew to bide his time. 
And can his fame abide, 
Still patient in 'his simple faith sublime, 
Till the wise years decide. 
Great captains with their guns and drums. 
Disturb our judgment for the hour. 
But, at last, silence comes; 
These all are gone, and standing like a tower, 
Our children shall behold his fame. 
The kindly, earnest, brave, foreseeing man. 
Sagacious, patient, dreading praise, not blame. 
New birth of our new soil, the first American. 
— James Russell Lowell. 

^ ■}* v« 

THE CENOTAPH. 

(On the final burial of Lincohi at Springfield, .-Vpril 14, 1887.) 
.\nd so they buried Lincolr,. Strange and vain! 
Has any creature thought of Lincoln hid 
. In any vault, 'neath any coffin lid, 

In all the years since that wild spring of pain? 

'T is false — he never in the grave hath lain. 

You could not bury him although you slid 

Upon his clay the Cheops pyramid, 

Or heaped it with the Rocky Mountain chain. 

They slew themselves; they but set Lincoln free. 

In all tiie earth his great heart beats as strong, 

Shall beat while pulses throb to chivalry 

.\nd burn with hate of tyranny and wrong. 

Whoever will may find him, anywhere 

Save in the tomb. Not there. — he is not there! 

— James Thompson McKay. 



134 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 




The Home World 



THE GOOD OLD DAYS 

ELIZABETH D. ROSENBERGER 



" Girls had no time to idle away when I was 
young," said Aunt Zebudah, musingly. 

" Then I am glad I am a girl now, instead of long 
ago," said Nora who was busy with the week's mend- 
ing. 

" Of course our spinning and knitting took up so 
much time that we had but few leisure moments. And 
then each girl was an accomplished housekeeper be- 
sides, so how could there be any parties or good 
times ? " asked Aunt Zebudah. 

- " I am sure I don't know," answered Nora. " It 
seems as if I have all I can do, and if you had more 
work than this, why, I am sorry for you, that is all." 

" I wish you could see the linen spun and woven by 
my own grandmother," continued Aunt Zebudah. 
" Her loom gathered up the threads of the finest wool 
or cotton and made the most beautiful fabrics. Her 
linen spun and woven would in these days be worth 
its weight in gold." 

" And I suppose she grew round-shouldered work- 
ing at it," said Nora, who had but little veneration 
for the past. It was good to be alive now and en- 
joy life to the full, but if Aunt Zebudah liked to talk 
of bygone days Nora was willing to listen, so she said, 
" Tell me something about those days. Were you ever 
at a quilting party?" 

" Yes, indeed," answered her aunt. " We girls 
would quilt an entire afternoon and then eat supper, 
and later in the evening the boys of the neighborhood 
would come in. Then we had games and afterwards 
it was as the old song has it. 

" ' An' 't was from old Aunt Dinah's quilting party, 
I was seeing Nellie home.' 

and we girls lived over again in dreams the pleas- 
ures of the evening." 

" I am afraid our set "would require some time to 
get used to a program for a party like that," answered 
Nora. 

" Our work was harder because we had no con- 



veniences," went on Aunt Zebudah, reminiscently. 
" We always had to carry our water from the spring. 
Sometimes the spring was a long distance from the 
house, and the bucket of water grew heavy before we 
reached the kitchen door. And then look at the old 
way of beating up eggs for cake. It used to be a 
knife or a spoon, a pan or a shallow dish and the eggs. 
I know I have watched my mother beating up eggs 
until I thought her arm would drop by its own weight. 
Beat, beat, beat with regular and equal strokes, until 
the dish seemed filled with the lightest and most deli- 
cate foam." 

" Yes, and then some one put two cogwheels to- 
gether with a little machinery and how a child can 
beat up in a few minutes all the eggs needed for 
the biggest bridal cake you ever saw," said Nora. 

" Lucinda used to bake the most beautiful bride's 
cake and it was a pity she never needed any for her- 
self; she was the old maid of the village.. She was 
tall and angular. Her black hair never changed its 
color. Like a guidepost to the passing generation she 
held her place. She jived alone in a house exquisitelv 
kept. Oh, yes, Dutch John wanted to marry her but 
she regularly refused him," and Aunt Zebudah smiled 
at the thought of Lucinda marrying anybody. 

■■ And the men too had many things that were hard 
to manage. There was the refractory stovepipe with 
which they wrestled periodically. No invention has 
yet lightened that difficulty. In one instance, how- 
ever, inventive genius has been kind to our fathers 
in the manner of putting up bedsteads. This genera- 
tion may not have any recollection of the acrobatic 
achievements accomplished by an agile man in prop- 
erly putting in order a bedstead that had cord to 
sustain the bed instead of slats or wire. It was an 
effort from the start, in which the best judgment and 
the greatest activity were necessary to get the bed- 
stead fixed, so that it would stand, ready for the cord 
or rope. If you had successfully coaxed the end of 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



135 



one side into one post, it would certainly fall out while 
you were at work on the other corner, and even if you 
had got round to the final corner, an unlucky move 
would pull the whole thing ai)art, and drop it, sides, 
foot and head, in a heap <Mi'the floor. Even with the 
posts all firmly set and the sides screwed in, the end 
was by no means yet. Stringing the cord or rope 
through the holes in the sides and then crossing them 
from the head to the foot, the real anntsement and 
interest began in tightening the cords. You could 
only do it by getting on with your feet, grasping the 
row of cord with both hands and pushing and pulling 
until the tension was complete. The man who thought 
of the little catches or iron slots that drop into the 
holes in the posts and hold the sides there without 
bolt or wrench was a benefactor of the race." 

But Aunt Zebudah was speaking again : " 1 wish 
you could have gone sleighing with us in those days, 
Nora. The snow rose over the rail fences and the 
bells rang everywhere. The young people managed 
to get sleds of some kind and I can hear them 
laugh as the snow crunched under our feet and the 
sleighbells kept time and tune to our happy thoughts. 
You have no such sleighing parties now." 

And she was right, for we seldom have enough 
snow in these days. We never see the winter prairie, 
bound by the edges of the world, a whole circle of 
eternity cold and awful, lonely and mighty. The 
roads across the country were like white marble 
canals. 

But we find that in the old days people livetl with- 
out window glasses or matches, kerosene or illumi- 
nating gas. And we in turn, probably, are not living 
as comfortably as our children and grandchildren will 
live. We are living in the best age, that the world 
so far as we know, ever saw. Whatever mooning or 
regretting there may be over the past is simply non- 
sense and also false. The mistaken sentiment, " Oh, 
those good old times," was frowned down upon by 
King Solomon. He says, " What is the cause that 
the former days were better than these ? for thou 
dost not inquire wisely concerning this.'' 
V^t J* J« 
KEEP THE ATMOSPHERE PLEASANT. 

The daughter of a busy housemother, who one 
day expressed the fear that her mother was working 
too hard, received an answer that told in a few words 
one of the secrets of happy and successful work. 

" I don't mind working, and working pretty hard. 
dear," her mother said, " as long as the atmospliere is 
pleasant." 

" As long as the atmosphere is pleasant ! " .Any- 
body who has worked under disagreeable or trying 
conditions realizes how much those words mean. To 
the busy mother who carries on her shoulders the 
burdens of the home it means everything if the mem- 
bers of the family circle are contented, happy, and 



harmonious ; her work, hard enough at best, is doubly 
so if there is grumbling, faultfinding, or ill nature 
to contend with. The teacher in the schoolroom 
looks with keen interest at the class which has come 
from the room below ; for she knows that the person- 
ality of those boys and girls will determine in a large 
measure whether her year's work will be a source of 
pleasure or unhappiness to her. One unrulv, mis- 
chievous, disobedient boy, one lazy, impertinent girl 
may easily rob her of all enjoyment of her work, and 
leave her at the end of the year with nerves com- 
pletely unstrung. 

No one person can make up entirely the atmosphere 
in which another person lives and works, but each 
of us can do more than we realize to make the atmos- 
phere pleasant or unpleasant for another. The mem- 
ber of the home circle who is pleasant and even tem- 
pered, easily satisfied, quick to praise when things go 
well and equally ready to give others an opportuni- 
ty, does much to keep the home atmosphere pleasant 
and to make the work of the housemother as easy 
as possible. In the schoolroom the boy or girl who 
is pleasant and friendly, but who respects the rules 
of the school and realizes that study should come 
before play, is the one who helps to lighten the teach- 
er's burden and the one whom she thinks of with 
pleasure. 

Wherever we may happen to be placed, whatever 
we may be doing, it is worth while to remember that 
we are helping to make the atmosphere in which 
others are living and working. It is not our fault 
if others in the same circle make that atmosphere ir- 
ritating and disagreeable ; it remains for us to offset 
their influence as far as we can by our own cheerful- 
ness, courtesy, and unselfishness. We are to blame if, 
through our lack of these qualities, we make the at- 
mosphere unpleasant for those about us, and so make 
it harder for them to go through the round of their 
daily duties. — Friend for Boys and Girls. 

^w (5* te^ 

A PARENT'S PLEA. 

My little boy is eight years old, 

He goes to school each day; 
He doesn't mind the tasks they set — 

They seem to him but play. 
He heads his class at raffia work. 

And also takes the lead 
At making dinky paper boats — 

But I wish tli.Tt lie conld read. 

They teach him physiology, 

.'\nd, oh, it chills our hearts 
To hear our prattling innocent 

Mi.x up his inward parts. 
He also learns astronomy 

And names the stars by night — 
Of course, he's very up-to-date. 

But I wish that he could write. 

They teacb him things botanical, 
They teacli him how to draw; 



136 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



He babbles of mythology 

And gravitntion's law; 
The discoveries of science 

With him are quite a fad, 
They tell me he's a clever boy, 

But I wish that he could add. 

— Peter McArthur. 

f^V i^v ^v 

AMERICA'S NEED. 

■■ \Vii.\T America needs more than railway exten- 
sion and western irrigation and a low tariff and a 
bigger wheat crop and a merchant marine and a new 
navy is a revival of piety, the kind mother and father 
nsed to have — piety that counted it good business to 
stop for daily family prayers before breakfast, right 
in the middle of harvest; that quit fieldwork a half 
hour early Thursday night, so as to get the chores 
done and go to prayer meeting ; that borrowed rnoney 
to pay the preacher's salary, and prayed fervently in 
secret for the salvation of the rich man who looked 
with scorn on such unbusiness-like behavior. That's 
what we need now to clean this country of the graft, 
and of greed, petty and big; of worship of fine houses 
and big lands and high office and grand social func- 
tions. 

" What is this thing we are worshiping but a vain 
repetition of what decayed nations fell down and 
worshiped before their light went out? Read the 
history of Rome in decay and you will find luxury 
there that could lay a big dollar over our little dough- 
nut that looks so large to us. Great wealth never 
made a nation substantial or honorable. There is 
nothing on earth that looks good that is so dangerous 
for a man or nation to handle as quick, easy, big 
money. If you resist its deadly influence the chances 
are that it will get your son. It takes greater and finer 
heroism to dare to be poor in America than capture 
a battery in Manchuria." — IVall Street Journal. 

(,5* t^* ^* 

APPRECIATE YOUR MOTHER. 

"Oh. I never do housework!" we heard a young 
girl say, in a crowded car. " Mother doesn't expect 
me to. I keep my hands nice for my practicing. 
Mother's used to work; she doesn't mind. I never 
do the dishes.'' 

Xever he\y> the weary mother who toils early and 
late fo keep her precious daughter in school? Never 
lift one finger to lighten the heavy burden of her 
who has never spared herself for your comfort, from 
the time you were a tiny, helpless infant in her arms? 

.And this from a well-dressed and well-appearing 
girl, otherwise! Ah, well, there can't be many such, 
we think, whose eyes are thus so blinded that they 
cannot see the marks of time and toil on the one whose 
individual place could never be filled, should she be 
called away. 

The remark was not intented for our ears, but, 
catching it as we passed, we thought of the many, 



many girls who would be glad if only tliey had a 
mother to help. And so we say, Appreciate your 
mothers, girls, while you have them. For when you 
are older and wiser, you will realize tliat there is no- 
body in the world like mother. — Selected. 
Jt M Jt 
FASTENING WARDROBE HOOKS. 
JOIIX S. FERX.VLD. 

Many houses are deficient- in closet room, and it is 
the exception rather than the rule to find one properly 
supplied with wardrobe hooks. The putting up of 
hooks by the usual method, by screws, is troublesome, 
and in many houses but few can be used in any given 
space on account of the unequal distances between the 
studding. Nails are unsightly, and wear the clothing 
badly. A good plan is to take long strips of thin 
board about three inches wide, and set the hooks as 
you want thein. Then cut the strips to fit the space 
where you want to use them, and fasten them up se- 
curely with good screws. By this plan two screws will 
hold up a dozen hooks, more or less, and save a good 
many holes in the wall when a change is made. 

Belfast, Me. 

%^¥ ^w ^^ 

HOME-MADE SCRAPPLE. 

Get a good piece of pork with enough fat to it to 
make the scrapple rich. Cook it imtil the meat falls 
apart. Drain the meat from the liquid, and when it 
is quite cold chop it with meat chopper or run it 
through the food chopper. Boil the liquor again, and 
dilute it with water if there is not enough liquid to 
make the mush. When it boils, add sifted yellow meal 
and make a thin mush. Stir constantly to prevent it 
from burning. Wlien it is done, it should not be too 
stiff and the meat must be put in and thoroughly 
mixed with the mush. Take it out and put it into 
shallow pans. When cold it can be cut and fried 
the same as mush. 

Chicken scrapple is made with the white of chicken 
or all of the meat and is thickened with white meal. It 
is very delicious, though not so rich as the pork 
scrapple. — Exchange. 

*?■ *5* »3* 

Sheets, pillowcases, towels, tablecloths — all folded 
linens — should be laid upon the shelves with the 
open and hemmed ends toward the wall, the round 
folds outward. The effect is neater to the eye, and 
articles are more easily taken out. 

The man who stands upon his own soil, who feels, 
by the laws of the land in which he lives — by the laws 
of civilized nations — he is the right and exclusive 
owner of the land which he tills, is, by the constitution 
of our nature, under a wholesome influence, not easily 
imbibed from any other source. — Edzvard Everett. 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 190'). 



137 



The Children's Corner 



ALL I HAVE. 

If I had a lot of money, 

I will tell you what I'd do; 
I would pay it out for teachers 

For the heathen; wouldn't you? 

But I have only a little — 
Just a nickel, new and bright, 

And a dozen copper pennies — 
Isn't that a sorry plight? 

But I'm thinking of a story 

Mama read to us one day — 
How a crowd of hungry people 

Followed Jesus in the way, 

And a little boy among them 
Had some tiny loaves of bread 

He had brought to eat when hungry, 
And two fishes, some one said; 

And he gave them all to Jesus, , 

And the Savior multiplied 
Them until they fed the people. 

And much food was left beside. 

Maybe if I give my pennies 

And my nickel for his sake, 
Out of them a lot of dollars 

For the heathen he might make. 

But supposing that he shouldn't — - 

I will give them, anyway. 
They will surely help a little; 

Maybe I'll do more some day. 

— Author Unknown. 

t^ (^ t?* 

MOTHER'S HERO. 

" I'd like to have been Alexander the Great," said 
Charlie, dropping his book .with a sigh. " Just think 
of the wonderful things he did ! Wouldn't it be splen- 
did to conquer the whole world ? " 

" I know who I'd rather be," said Josie, looking 
up from her book. " Joan of Arc ! She was splendid 
if she didn't conquer the whole world. I think it's a 
mean shame they treated her as they did while she was 
alive, and now make a great fuss over her." 

It was a stormy afternoon, so all three children 
were reading by the fire to pass away the time till 
Charlie started the subject of heroes. Mother was 
patching Joseph's trousers and listening to the con- 
versation as it wa.xed warmer and warmer, and the 
young people grew red in the face as they defended 
their favorites. 

" They weren't either of them half as great as King 
Alfred," said Joseph, emphatically. " He was a good 
man, too, and your Alexander wasn't. Our teacher 
said he drank, and did lots of other wicked things, but 
Alfred was great and good, too. And vour Joan of 
Arc " 



"What about her?" demanded Josie. "I guess 
she was greater than " 

" Children, children ! " said a gentle voice. 

" You decide for us, mama," said Charlie. " Which 
one of us is right ? " 

" That is a matter of opinion," said mother, wisely, 
" Different people have different ideas about those 
things. I will tell you about my favorite hero, and 
then you can see what you think of my choice. I will 
not say a word against the ones you have chosen, so 
you must try to like mine." 

" We will ! We will! " cried the children, draw- 
ing their chairs nearer mother as she took a new patch. 

" I can guess who," said Josie, with a knowing 
look, " It's George Washington ! " 

" I'll guess Abraham Lincoln! " put in Joseph. 

" I think it's King Arthur of the Round Table," 
said Charlie, remembering the stories mother had 
read to them so often. 

" All missed," said mother, patching away. " This 
man I'm going to tell you about had to stop going to 
school when he was only twelve years old to work for 
his mother and little sister. He studied hard in the 
evenings, and when he was sixteen he went back to 
school and graduated, doing his work night and morn- 
ing at the store where he clerked. An uncle of his 
father's wanted to send him to college when he saw 
how well the boy had done, but would do nothing 
for the family, so he gave up the plan, and went to 
work again for them. You may be sure it was hard to 
do this, but no one ever heard him complain. 

" His sister was married when she grew up, but 
soon died, leaving three little ones for her brother 
and mother to care for; so my hero had to work 
harder than ever. He brought up the children as well 
as he could, and took care of his old mother when she 
grew childish and fretful — for no one would help 
him when they found out how peevish the poor old 
lady was. He might have put her in a hospital, where 
she would have been well taken care of, but he be- 
gan to be better off when he was middle-aged, for 
he took care of her himself till she died. He is free 
now to do as he pleases, but living as he did all those 
years kept him from making friends like other peo- 
ple. His work at home and away from home filled 
his life completely till a few months ago, but no one 
could have done that work more cheerfully than John 
Aiken. Now you know who my hero is." 

" John Aiken ! I am so disappointed ! " said Josie. 
" It sounded as if he were some great man while you 
were telling the story." 

" Well, I don't know that he isn't a great man," 
said Charlie, stoutly. " Our heroes had lots of praise 
and honor, but mother's is unkmown. I think hers is 
best, after all. Some of us boys say ' Crooked John." 
when we see him, but I never will again."— Selected. 



13S 



THE INGLENOOK.— I'ebruary 9, 1909. 




Hour 



WHAT IS THY LIFE? 

S. S. BLOUGH. 

The problems of life are many. Life and how to 
spend it becomes the greatest. It is one that concerns 
each of us. How shall I spend my life? This is a 
question on which we should not — yea, must not — go 
wrong, for do not the issues of eternity hang upon 
the workings of Hfe? We need not go wrong for 
have we not the Good Book to direct us? Have we 
not in it the teaching of our blessed Lord? Is not his 
blessed example set therein? If we only look, listen 
and obey, the problems of life will all be solved aright. 
We need not go in the dark. The life of the blessed 
Jesus becomes our light and enables us, also, to live 
and do acceptably. 

But, seriously now, will you meditate with me? Is 
my life all that I want it to be, all that it ought to 
be, all that my Savior wants it to be? Does it turn a 
bright or a dark side toward those who follow me? 
Have my words been as " apples of gold in pictures 
of silver "? Are the deeds of my life golden? Am I 
doing as near as I know how as Jesus would were 
he in my place? 

Already several weeks of the new year have passed 
and we surely realize that time is fleeting. God has 
given us tliese precious days, each moment of which 
should somehow count for him_. How do we spend 
them? As arc the moments so are the hours, as the 
hours so the days, as the days so your life. What 
shall be your life? 

There are all too many who do not realize the value 
of time. In every land there have always been those 
who stand " idle in the market place." Somehow, they 
fail to grasp the tremendous influence of idleness on 
the issues and results of their lives. It is a bad thing 
for a man to be idle and be alone. " Satan finds work 
for idle hands to do." " An idle brain is the devil's 
workshop." If our life is to be satisfactory, we must 
have employment for these preciousf moments. It is 
the moment, the hour, the day, when one is pursuing 
no fixed purpose that he is most likcl\- to fall into 
temptation. His will is more or less relaxed, his at- 
tention is not fixed, and almost unconsciously he seeks 



amusement of some sort. Then come the idle words, 
wasted energy^ and the talent misdirected. There 
is a mistaken notion or practice, at least, that when a 
man loses his regular employment, that wherein he 
earns his living, that he must necessarily be idle. This 
is a great mistake, and has prevented many a man from 
making the most of himself. Instead of this, such 
times should prove actual blessings. If we take them 
as opportunities to look about us and survey our pos- 
sibilities and capabilities for better work, they may 
indeed be a means of stepping to a higher plane of 
usefulness. And why should it not be so? "There 
is always work, and tools to work withal for those 
who will." There is always room for those who do 
their duty. Life is always worth while for those who 
are anxious to make it worth while. There is very 
seldom any excuse for idleness pure and simple. 
Many have become eminent and successful by the 
wise employment of leisure. Go thou and do likewise. 
If the work of such moments will not bring im- 
mediate financial results, it will at least make your 
life richer by doing some good to your fellows. What 
is thy life? Shall those who follow after you on 
life's stage of action call you blessed for the example 
which you leave? Shall the hearts of those around 
you warm at thought of your good deeds? In eter- 
nity shall you meet the treasure laid up in time? The 
question is worth pondering. It deserves your deep- 
est meditation and wisest action. What is thy life? 

t5* J* f^^ 

"THERE STOOD A MAN OF MACEDONIA." 

Through midnight gloom from Macedon 

The cry of myriads as of one, 

The voiceful silence of despair, 

Is eloquent in awful prayer. 

The soul's exceeding bitter cry. 

" Come o'er and help us, or we die." 

How mournfully it echoes on, 
For half the earth is Macedon; 
These brethren to their brethren call, 
And by the Love which loved them all, 
And by the whole world's Life they cry, 
"O ye that live, behold we die!" 

By other sounds the world is won 
Than that which wails from Macedon; 



THE I N GLEN OOK.— February 9, 1909. 



139 



The road of gain is round it rolled, 
Or men unto themselves are sold, 
And cannot list the alien cry, 
"Oh, hear and help us, lest we die!" 

Yet with that cry from Macedon 
The very car of Christ rolls on; 
" I come: who would abide my day 
In yonder wilds prepare my way 
My voice is crying in their cry; 
Help ye the dying, lest ye die." 

Jesus, for men of man the Son, 
Yea, thine the cry from Macedon; 
Oh, by the kingdom and the power 
And glory of thine advent hour, 
Wake heart and will to hear their cry; 
Help us to help them, lest we die. 

— S. J. Stone. 

t^ i^m s5w 

GOD'S PROMISES. 

God's promises are all lamps to light up dark 
places ; and I know of no brighter one than this : 
" As thy days so shall thy strength be." 

But maybe you are already in the long, dark pas- 
sageway. Or possibly the valley through which your 
steps are leading is a very dark and shadowed one. 
Then gladl>' I bid you look up and catch some of 
the light which God sheds down from this blessed 
assurance. 

" When the sun withdraws its light, 
Lo! the stars of God are there; 
Present host, unseen till night — 
Matchless, countless, silent, fair." 

If we never had nights, we could never see the 
stars. And so if you and I never had any trouble, 
we could never enjoy such a promise as this of which 
we have written. We do not love nights, but we do 
love the stars. We do not love sorrow and trouble, 
but we do bless God for sustaining grace. We do 
not love weakness, but we rejoice in such promises of 
God as will uphold us when weakness comes. — G. B. 
F. Hallock. 

i^^ <^^ t?* 

GROVER CLEVELAND AND THE BIBLE. 

The following is reportel to be one of the late Ex- 
President Cleveland's last written messages. It is 
worthy to be cherished with other choicest sentiments 
of great statesmen about the Bible, which General 
Grant once said is " the sheet-anchor of our liberty " : 

" I very much hope that in sending out this Book 
you will do something to invite more attention among 
the masses of our people to the study of the New 
Testament and the Bible as a whole. It seems to me 
that in these days there is an unhappy falling off in 
our appreciation of the importance of this study. I 
do not believe as a people that we can afford to allow 
our interest in and veneration for the Bible to abate. 
I look upon it as the source from which those 
who study it in spirit and truth will derive strengtli 
of character, a realization of the duty of citizenship. 



and a true apprehension of the power and wisdom and 
mercy of God." — Bible Record. 

%S^ V* t^^ 

A FRIVOLOUS CHURCH-GOER. 

We asked a friend who had recently moved to 
another city, whom he went to hear on Sunday. '" Oh, 
almost anybody," he replied with candor. " The fact 
is that I never attend the same church twice in suc- 
cession. I have been to hear every orthodox divine 
and every heterodox lecturer in the city. I have run 
the gamut from old-fashioned Calvinism to new-fash- 
ioned ethical culture. And I am not through the list 
yet." 

The man who said that would not stay a week in a 
boarding-house where he could not liave his particular 
breakfast food every morning with his coffee. But 
when it came to feeding his soul he would change 
the " menu " every day and the " chef " once a week. 

" We learn our creeds," said Mrs. Browning, " as 
we do our alphabets, by iteration." It you wish ta 
believe a thing listen to its repetition often enough 
and it will stick. The experienced angler knows that 
if he can put his bait before the nose of a trout often 
enough the trout must leave the pool or take the 
bait. There is no fad so absurd but that the philoso- 
pher himself will snap it up if he persists in playing 
with it. Go and hear what you really wish to become, 
for you will become what you hear in the end. — The 
Interior. 

^V ^V V* 

THE MACHINE WITHOUT THREAD. 

" I LIKE to sew when there is no thread in the ma- 
chine, it runs so easy," said a little girl just now. 

A good many people, I think, are pretty fond of 
running their machines without thread. 

When I hear a boy talking very largely of the 
grand things he would do, if he only could, and if 
things and circumstances were only different, and then 
neglecting every daily duty, and avoiding work and 
lessons, I think he is running his machine without any 
thread. 

When I see a girl very sweet and pleasant abroad, 
ready to do anything for a stranger, and cross and 
disagreeable in her home, she, too, is running her 
machine without any thread. 

Ah ! this sewing without a thread is very easy in- 
deed, and the life machine will make a great buzzing, 
but labor, time, and force will in the end be far worse 
than lost. — E.rchange. 

.jJ jt S 

There are some people who object to letting their 
left hand know what their right hand does because 
their right hand does so little that they are ashamed 
to let it be known how little it does. — R. .AT. IFcin'er. 

.t Jt .M 

A MAN to be conscious of divine leading must make- 
spiritual things his chief business. — Dr. McBryde. 



140 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 190). 



Echoes from Everywhere 




It has been estimated that the cost of the U. S. battle- 
ship fleet cruise around the world will be $27,500,000. 



In an election Jan. 23, La Rue Co., Ky., Abraham Lin- 
coln's native county, voted "dry" by a majority of 1,085, 
the vote being over 4 to 1 against license. 



West Virginia prohibitionists are inaking a splendid 
fight at the State capitol for the passage of a prohibi- 
tion amendment bill. Governor Dawson in his message 
advocates the submission of an amendment, at the same 
time urging the Legislature to pass a local option law. 



The public schools of Bloomington, 111., operate a sav- 
ings bank, and the children have deposited about $2,000 
this year. It was found that they had money to draw 
out for buying Christmas presents. That is a useful les- 
son in the direction of independence. 



A bill has been introduced in the Missouri Legislature 
which limits the number of foreign-born employes to 10 
per cent of the total number employed. The bill is di- 
rected against the lead mine operators of St. Francois 
County, who employ 2,000 foreigners in preference to 
Americans. 



In accordance with the instructions from Senor Alcan- 
tara, Venezuela's minister of the interior, the attorney 
general will bring suit in the high federal court against 
Cipriano .Castro, the former president of Venezuela, on 
the charge of having instigated the assassination of Pres- 
ident Jose Vicente Gomez. 



The printing presses are working overtime these days 
grinding out the Lincoln postage stamps, commemo- 
rative of the one hundredth anniversary of the great eman- 
cipator's birth. Like the recent Washington and Franklin 
stamps, a profile of Lincoln, taken from the standing fig- 
ure by St. Gaudens, was chosen for the new stamps. 



In accordance with the suggestion of President Roose- 
velt and Gov. Gillett, of California, Speaker Stanton in- 
troduced a bill into the Assembly appropriating $10,000 to 
gather data regarding the number and occupation of Jap- 
anese in California. .A. similar measure will be presented 
in the Senate, and it is believed the Governor will sign 
it when passed. 



Instead of shipping three carloads of silver dollars in- 
to Texas to pay the big fine ordered by the State court 
and affirmed by the United States Supreme Court, the 
Waters Pierce Oil Company will send a motion for a re- 
hearing. Preparation of the motion has already begun 
and it is expected it will be ready to submit to the court 
February 15, Final action will probably be taken by 
March 1. 



At the close of a farmers' institute at Huntington, Ind., 
the seed corn raised by the boy members of the Hunting- 
ton Corn Club was sold at auction. The corn brought 
$6 a bushel. 



Representative James Burke of Pennsylvania has in- 
troduced a bill requiring all ocean-going vessels which 
carry as many as fifty passengers to be equipped with 
wireless telegraphic instruments and carry an operator. 



Feb. 1, at the beginning of the second semester in the 
public schools, an addition of 1,500 pupils to the attendance 
roll of the various high schools throughout the city of 
Chicago was reported to officials of the board of education. 
This is an increase of 50 per cent over the record of last 
year and is regarded as the best showing made by any 
public school system in the country. 



In Pennsylvania a test is being made as to the legal 
rights of a board of education to pay the fares of pupils 
to and from the high school. We do not know the law 
in Pennsylvania, but wherever in other States a test has 
been made the board of education has won its case. Chelt- 
enham is the township in which the test is being made. 
There are twenty-seven pupils who are transferred from 
two to three miles. 



Besides fitting its pupils for employment and training 
them for useful lives, the Hebrew Technical School for 
Girls of New York Citj' has shown for the year an in- 
come exceeding expenses of nearly $4,000. There are 
354 girls in daily attendance at the institution, at Second 
Avenue and Sixteenth Street. It is estimated that as a re- 
sult of the work of the school's employment bureau 971 
former pupils are earning a total of $560,274 a year. 



President Gomez of Cuba has sent a message to Con- 
gress in which he says that not much advance in legis- 
lation was made under the recent government of inter- 
vention, although it is- true that organic laws were promul- 
gated which merit approval. He specially recommends 
revision of the penal code and the law of criminal pro- 
cedure, and advises Congress to exercise the utmost care 
in incurring financial obligations, in view of the small 
sum now left in the national treasurv. 



Register of the United States Treasury W. T. Vernon, 
the noted Kansas negro, is making some speeches in 
Oklahoma on the race question. In order to avoid the 
humiliation of the Jim Crow car law in Oklahoma the 
negroes there have chartered a special car for Mr. Vernon, 
which he will use in all his travels in the new State. He 
will take the car at Caldwell, Kans., and keep it until he 
reaches the Kansas line again. He will speak at El Reno, 
Oklahoma City, Guthrie and Muskogee. 



THE IXGLEXOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



141 



A professor in the University of Chicago states that 
John D. Rockefeller will devote $50,000,000 to the pro- 
motion of education in Oriental nations. He says Mr. 
Rockefeller will await the reports of Prof. Ernest Burton 
and Prof. Thomas C. Chamberlain, who have been com- 
missioned to investigate conditions in the Orient. Prof. 
Burton is now in India, and Prof. Chamberlain will start 
for China ne.xt month. 



The December graduating class of the University of 
Michigan shows present tendencies in higher institutions 
of learning. There were as many men as women, 17 of 
• each. This is the fourth time in six years that this has 
occurred. The membership of the senior college is 
219 men and 201 women. The enrollment in the medical 
school has risen from 44 last year to 53 this year. The 
law enrollment was 47 last year, this year 40. 



Senator Dolliver, as chairman of the Senate committee 
on education and labor, is preparing a plan to aid coun- 
try districts to give effective instruction in agriculture. 
It is Senator Dolliver's purpose in some way to connect 
the country school with the State College of .Agriculture. 
Th'e national government will contribute a large part of 
the money to make the plan effective. The most feas- 
ible plan seems to be to encourage the States to under- 
take the establishment and control of these elementary 
agricultural schools. 



Feb. 1, without amendment the Senate passed the House 
bill making Feb. 12, 1909, the one hundredth anniversary 
of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, a legal holiday and rec- 
ommending its celebration throughout the United States, 
for which purpose the President was authorized to issue 
a special proclamation. The bill also declares that as a 
part of the national memorial to Lincoln there may be 
built a highway from Washington City to the battlefield 
of Gettysburg, Pa., to be known as " the Lincoln Waj-."' 
An appropriation of $50,000 is made for a survey of plans 
and estimates for such highway. 

There are now 75,000 of the aboriginal population in 
Australia. Of this number there are about 20,000 in the 
colony of Queensland. Queensland has an elaborate sys- 
tem for looking after the welfare of the blacks by means 
of "protectors" stationed all over the colony to see 
that the natives are fed and clothed and shielded from 
interference of white people. Many of the natives are 
over si.\ feet in height. Like most savages they are po- 
lygamists, but they are not cannibals. The natives under 
civilization have developed habits of economy and saving. 
They have made good progress in both reading and writ- 
ing, but missionary reports state that teaching them arith- 
metic is hopeless. 



Over seven million dollars was spent by New Jersey 
last year on her dependents and criminals, says Collier's 
Weekly. In the last thirty-three years the population of 
the State has increased only 12 per cent, but its insanity 
has increased over 300 per cent and its crime almost as 
much. There now exists in the State a commission to 
investigate dependency and criminality, and one to inves- 
tigate the excise question. At the head of the Crimes 
Commission was placed Michael T. Barrett, son-in-law 
of Peter Hauch, a brewer who owns outright or in part, 
seventy of the seventy-one saloons in Harrison, New 
Jersey, and who last year paid the license fee for forty- 
eight of the seventy-one. On the Excise Commission is 
John Howe, manager of the Feigenspan's Brewery real 
estate business. 



The first steps in a gigantic colonizing scheme were 
completed with the sale of the " Long S " ranch, embrac- 
ing 300,000 acres near Big Springs, to the W. P. Soash 
Land Company of Waterloo, la., for $3,000,000. This 
ranch was formerly the property of C. C. Slaughter of 
Dallas, Tex. It is located in three counties and has graz- 
ing room for 40,000 cattle, which Slaughter will sell at 
once. The land is to be cut into quarter sections and sold 
to settlers from the North and East. The sale is said 
to be the biggest land deal ever made in Texas. 



In the big desert of Chili there is a considerable amount 
of brackish water, but no water that either human be- 
ings or stock can drink. Science, however, says Popu- 
lar Mechanics, has come to the aid of this rainless sec- 
tion of the country in the form of an ingenious desert 
waterworks consisting of a series of frames containing 
20,000 square feet of glass. The panes of glass are ar- 
ranged in the shape of a V, and under each pane is 
a shallow pan containing brackish water. The heat of 
the sun evaporates the water, which condenses upon the 
sloping glass, and, made pure by this operation, it runs 
down into little channels at the bottom of the V, and is 
carried away into the main canal. Nearly 1,000 gallons 
of fresh water are collected daily by-this means. 



After they had lain in the ruins of the American consu- 
late at Messina 18 days the bodies of Consul Arthur 
Cheney and his wife were recovered by the sailors of the 
American battleship Illinois. It was evident that they 
had been killed instantly, while they slept, as they were 
found side by side in what had been their bedroom. The 
bodies, prepared for burial, and the caskets, draped in 
.American flags, were sent to America on the supply ship 
Culgoa. It is believed that Mr. and Mrs. Cheney were 
the only native Americans killed in the Italian earthquake. 
It is now estimated that 5,000 of the quake survivors 
have died since the fatal disturbance, and that the total 
deaths resulting therefrom is 250.000. Duke Litta has of- 
fered to colonize 5,000 of the survivors in Florida, south 
of Tampa. 

That the subject of land frauds has not yet been ex- 
hausted is shown by a report made by Secretary Garfield 
of the Interior Department to the appropriation commit- 
tees of the House and the Senate. He declares in this 
communication that discoveries of more wholesale and 
astounding frauds have been made, and that approxi- 
mately $110,000,000 worth of lands in States principally 
west of the Mississippi liave been fraudulently acquired 
within the past two years by individuals and corpora- 
tions. Secretary Garfield asks for an additional appro- 
priation of $500,000, which, if granted, will give his de- 
partment,, with that already asked for, $1,000,000, with 
which to endeavor to regain lands, prevent depredations, 
etc. He considers that there is a reasonable hope of 
recovering much of the alleged fraudulently acquired land 
if the appropriation is promptlj- made, and points out 
that while $1,000,000 seems a large appropriation, it is 
not one per cent of the commercial value of the land which 
the government may hope to recover. 



This, the first school year since Kansas City, Kans., 
closed out her saloons, finds six hundred boys and girls 
betwen the ages of twelve and eighteen able to attend 
school for the first time. In former years these children 
were unable to attend because — through the frequent 
drunkenness of their fathers — they were compelled to 
assist in supporting their respective families. 



142 



Till' IXCI.I'.XOOK.— I'cbi-uarv '), 1<)0 '. 



Among the Magazines 




LINCOLN'S MENTAL SUPERIORITY. 

Tlicre are three charges intimated, rather than directly 
made, against Lincohi"s mental superiority. These are 
his ignorance of financial matters, his poor judgment of 
men. and his failure at the very first to unite all the Union 
armies under one field commander. The "first charge is 
true. Lincoln, when a member of the famous " Long 
Nine " in the Illinois Legislature, voted for wildcat finan- 
cial schemes as cheerfully as any fiat money champion 
of more recent days. But if unsound views on the money 
question are proofs of mental inferiority, half the country 
at any time in the last thirty years would be ready to con- 
sign the other half to the imbecile asylum. There is just 
one clue that will guide a man through the wilderness 
of financial quarrels, and that is the historical clue. Mon- 
ey is merely a highly specialized and standardized form of 
weight. All ancient coins were named after earlier weiglits 
— shekel, drachma, mina; and we can faintly imagine 
something of the debasement that currency has under- 
gone when we recall that five dollars' worth of gold in 
England, and twenty cents' worth of silver in Italy, bear 
the name of a "pound." But I really do not know liow 
Lincoln could have found this clue in the half-faced camp 
where he spent his early days; and later, he was too busy 
with immediate duties to spare time for researches in 
the history of finance. 

And I hold the charge of not knowing men to be flatly 
untrue. AVith very rare exceptions, Lincoln found the 
best men available with little delay. He was obliged t" 
pick most of his political associates from his own party 
ranks. And the Republican party was then a new party, 
long on principle and short on practice, as every new party 
must be. Lincoln found the best that offered; and if his 
political advisers made mistakes, at least they helped 
their chief put through a gigantic and heartbreaking work. 
To the charge that Lincoln did not immediately unearth 
some dazzling military genius to rid the land of its woes, 
I would answer that there was no such genius to discover. 
We had a number of men who proved themselves good 
generals; but we had none who stood out so clearly from 
the common run as to warrant either haste or irregular- 
ity in raising him to the chief command. We had in our 
ranks no second Washington, no Clive, no Moltke, no 
Napoleon. The generals who finally finished the war 
were simply sound, capable workmen; who walked 
round their task, sized it up, and then with uiillinching 
tenacity put it through. Tht>mas was indeed passed by, 
and he was the second, if not the first of the Union gen- 
erals. But Thomas was a Virginian,- whose loyalty was 
under natural, though most unjust, suspicion — and one 
must add that when he had a chance to supersede Buell, 
Thomas declined with a chivalry that showed no basis in 
common sense. Grant was found early and supported 
heartily. It took no common courage in Lincoln to turn 
a deaf ear to the clamor of the generals of the antecham- 
ber, and give the silent, iron soldier a chance to work out 
things in his own stern way. Lastly, it would have been 



the height of folly to give the supreme command to a* 
general of unknown value, or perhaps known incapacity. 
When Lincoln found the right man to e.xercise that com- 
mand, it was conferred without delay and without reser- 
vations. — Geo. L. Knapp. in February Lippincott's. 

^5* (^* ^* 

MARQUIS KATSURA'S MESSAGE TO THE 
PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES. 

[Our readers will all remember the remarkable articles 
which we published last spring by Dr. De Forest, in refu- 
tation of the miserable slanders and misrepresentations 
made in this country by certain newspapers, and espe- 
cially by Congressman Hobson, against the Japanese gov- 
ernment and people in respect of their attitude toward 
this country. Since his recent return to Japan, ivliere he 
had already spent thirty-three years, Dr. De Forest has 
been granted an interview with the Prime Minister, Mar- 
quis Katsura, of which he sends to Secretary Trueblood 
the following account. The Marquis' statements fully 
corroborate all that Dr. De Forest had said and written 
about the friendly feeling of Japan toward our country, 
and ought to close for all time the few remaining mouths 
that still persist in reiterating the falsehoods and mis- 
representations. — Ed. Advocate of Peace.] 

" In talking of peace I am well aware that my sign- 
board is bad; for I am a soldier. I've been in the thick 
fights and have killed a number of men. I have wit- 
nessed the horrors of war, and it makes me wretched — 
this bitter, cruel, mad war between human beings. From 
the bottom of my heart I became a man of peace, long- 
ing for nothing so much, and working for nothing so hard, 
as for peace. You know our history, and you know how 
in feudal times, when circumstances forced men to kill 
one another, our victorious warriors were often so heart- 
stricken with the blood they had shed that they shaved 
their heads, became Buddhist priests and entered mon- 
asteries, never again to draw the sword. And often the 
victors gave posthumous honors to the brave dead against 
whom they had fought. It runs in us to hate war, just 
as your great generals Grant and Sherman did. In spite 
of our signboard, we long for nothing so much as for 
peace. 

" Now that your nation and ours have been at peace 
for over half a century, you having been our teacher and 
sympathetic friend during all this time, we want above all 
things to deepen and make perpetual the peace between 
us. I have never had a doubt of the sincere friendship of 
the United States. Of course, there are worthless, un- 
principled fellows in every country, but I'm speaking of 
the vast majority of your people. 

" Here also in our land both government and people 
are absolutely one in their friendship for the United States 
and belief in your friendship for 'us. We of the Far East 
are responsible for peace in this part of the world, and 
I will guarantee that my government and people, in the 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 1909. 



145 



years to come as in the past, will not onlj keep this 
great historic peace, but will do all that is possible to 
deepen and enrich this friendship of half a century. Our 
glad welcome to your fleet and to the Commissioners of 
Commerce from the Pacific Coast is but the natural ex- 
pression on the part of our government and people that 
no misunderstandings shall weaken the glorious friend- 
ship between our two nations. You may make this known 
as widely as you like^that the government and people 
of Japan are one in their friendship for the government 
and people of your republic. We have adopted and put 
into successful practice all those precious liberties for 
whichtyour people stand, and we desire to strengthen this 
traditional friendship beyond the possibility of its ever 
being broken." 

(.?• (.?• (,?• 

STOP MARGIN GAMBLING. 

" If you prevent, or even restrict, the selling short of 
stocks, you will manifestly, and in equal degree, restrain 
gambling on the long side of the market,'" says Fred- 
erick S. Dickson, in " The Poison of the Street," in Ev- 
erybody's Magazine for February. 

" Let the law then compel him who would sell short 
to describe in writing and with particularity the thing that 
he would sell. If it is stock, let him give the number of 
the certificates, and state in whose names they are reg- 
. istered, and let him also aver that he is the rightful owner 
of the stock which he offers for sale. Punish him if he 
states that which is false, and punish also the broker who 
accepts an order that does not comply with these con- 
ditions. The same course can also be pursued in sales 
of wheat, corn, oats, cotton, pork, and the like com- 
modities, and he who would sell them should be able to state 
where the thing sold is stored, and what markings there 
may be on barrel, bale, bin, or car-lot. What hardship 
would this work on the man who simply wishes to sell 
for future delivery that which he owns? And why should 
the law be tender to him who strives to sell what he does 
not own, to the injury of the real owner? 

" Most of the legislation that has been proposed for 
the regulation of stock-gambling evils contains only gen- 
eral prohibitions against margin trading. Buying more 
stock than one has the money to pay for is no more an 
evil than buying real estate subject to mortgage, or bor- 
rowing money for the extension of a manufacturing plant 
or the development of a railroad. If a man, therefore, 
wishes to buy stock or commodities of any kind and pay 
but a portion of the cost, the law should not interfere 
with him. The evil of stock speculation, as now indulged 
in, grows out of the fact that the gambler is able to bor- 
row more than the real loan value of the stock, the ex- 
cess being furnished by the broker out of his capital as 
an encouragement to gambling. The control of the loan 
end of the collateral remains wholly in the broker, who 
uses both as if he were the sole party in interest. Let 
the law then, while jn general prohibiting margin trading 
also in particular prohibit the broker from lending any 
additional sum beyond the bank loan, and insist that the 
broker shall inform his customer of the number and de- 
scription of the certificates which he has bought, the 
amount of the loan, and the name of the bank where 
the loan is placed. Make it clear also that the ownership 
of the stock is wholly in the customer, and that it will 
be grand larceny for the broker to use this collateral for 
his own advantage. Such provisions as these would make 
the prohibition against margin trading instantly effectual, 
and nothing short of this would." 



RUM ON THE RUN. 

The liquor interests — from the doggery to the trust — 
have fought the prohibition movement at every step. They 
used every art known to practical politics. They tried 
the campaign of brass band and skyrocket, the gum shoe 
and still hunt, the hard drive and the soft pedal — and got 
whipped. In the beginning they fought the placing of 
any tax whatsoever upon liquor. They fought every prop- 
osition to increase the license; they fought the Sunday- 
closing laws; they fought in California for their inalien- 
able right to sell whiskey to minors and to known drunk- 
ards. They fought the Five Mile laws; fought county 
local option; they fought State-wide prohibition. They 
are now fighting, tooth and toenail, against the law pro- 
posed in Congress that the Federal Government shall 
no longer issue internal revenue licenses in communities 
where the sale of liquor is prohibited by local law. They 
are now fighting to maintain Uncle Sam's partnership 
with the blind tiger, wherein the majesty of the United ' 
States is held up as a shield to the dive keeper and a 
protection to the outlaw. At practically every step they 
have been beaten. 

Thoroughly aroused at last to the danger that threat- 
ens their trade, the brewers and wholesalers are begin- 
ning to announce a general house cleaning. They say — 
in articulo mortis — that they want to put the dive out of 
business and keep their trade respectable. Laudable, but 
late. Years ago all good people would have welcomed 
the brewers' aid in stifling the dive. Now they will at- 
tend to the job themselves, asking permission neither of 
the dive keeper nor the brewer. And they will do it in 
their own good way and time. — Harris Dickson, in the 
January Circle Magazine. 

DIVORCE IS A HOME PRODUCT. 

Increase of divorce in the United States cannot be at- 
tributed to the influence of aliens. It must be recognized 
as one of the developments of national life for which 
the native-born American must accept responsibility, if 
statistics are to be believed. In the February Delineator, 
Charles A. EUwood, professor of sociology. University of 
Missouri, says: 

Divorce is not an evil which the foreign-born and the 
negro have brought to us, for it especially characterizes the 
native white, that is, the preeminently American element 
in the population. It is about twice as high among the native 
whites as among the foreign-born. This leads one to 
suspect that divorce has something to do with the in- 
dividualism of the American people, the tendency among 
us for each one to do as he pleases, to be a law unto him- 
self. This is borne out by the fact that in those sections 
of the country in which individualism is most highly de- 
veloped, the divorce rate is highest, namely, in New 
England and the Western States. It is borne out also by 
the fact that divorce is mote than four times as common 
among Protestants as among Catholics. The Protest- 
ant element in the population is the element in which 
individualism is more highly developed; besides, the Ro- 
man Catholic Church refuses to sanction absolute divorce 
upon any ground. 

Finally, two-thirds of all divorces are granted upon tlie 
demand of the wife. This suggests that the standards 
of morality of the male element of the population are not 
what they should be, and that husbands too often give 
ground for divorce by immoral conduct. Higher stand- 
ards of morality are necessary as civilization advances, 
and conduct which the wife overlooked in the husband 



144 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 9, 190^). 



a half-centurj' ago, or bore in silence, now becomes a 
ground for divorce. 

This last statement suggests another cause for increas- 
ing divorce in this country, and that is the emancipation 
of woman. Woman has now almost equal rights with 
man, and has achieved her economic, intellectual and mor- 
al as well as legal independence of man. This has been 
a good thing in itself, but many women have used their 
freedom to emphasize their rights rather than their duties. 
and consequently have rendered the family life less stable. 
In so far as the movement for " woman's rights " has 
been simply an e.^pression of growing individualism or 
selfishness on the part of our women, it has tended, like 
all individualism, to destroy the home. 
..•* .M ^ 

STORY OF THE CRANBERRY. 

The liistor)' of the cranberry can be told on a bit 
of parchment no larger that the fruit itself; but to 
judge its interest by its length would be like rank- 
ing the berry's importance by its weight. The cran- 
berry, to begin with the day of its christening, was 
sd named because its sponsors fancied that its bud 
resembled a crane; and, in truth, just before the bud 
expands into the perfect flower with stem, caly.x, and 
petals, it resembles the neck, head, and bill of that 
ungainly bird. Hence it was originally dubbed " crane- 
berry," popularized into cranberry. 

Like all families of importance in the agricultural 
race, the cranberry has an imposing genealogv' ; its 
European forbears belonged to the clan of the \'ac- 
ciniuni oxycoccus; how long the American branch, or 
the macrocarpon, has been established here nobody 
knows, but it began to attract attention about one 
hundred years ago. Its acquaintance was first culti- 
vated in the Cape Cod region of Massachusetts — New 
England has ever been ready to pay respect to an- 
cestry. 

It gradually worked its way out of obscurity un.til 
today the cranberry occupies a place of no mean in- 
dustrial importance in the community; yearly it adds 
to the wealth of our nation all the way from $3,000.- 
000 to $4,000,000. The family is exceedingly prolific. 
1,300,000 bushels being produced in the United States, 
leaving Europe far behind in quantity as well as in 
quality. 

About sixty per cent of the family arc born and 
reared in Massachusetts — far the greater part in the 
districts of Cape Cod, Plymouth, and Barnstable. 
New Jersey, which devotes more of its territory to 
the cranberry than any other State in the Union save 
Massachusetts, rolls up twenty-four per cent, and 
takes second place. Some years ago forest fires de- 
stroyed the marshes and dried up the streams of Wis- 
consin — a calamity which reduced the production of 
the Wisconsin berry to eleven per cent, and forced that 
State to assume third place; but Wisconsin is gradu- 
ally recovering, and is striving for a position at the 
head. The rest of the cranberries hail from Connecti- 
cut, Illinois. Indiana. Iowa. Kansas, Maine. Michisran. 



Minnesota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, 
North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, 
and West \irginia. — Pearson's Magacinc. 



Between Whiles 



The old landlord of a small country hotel was sitting 
listlessly before the fire in the office when the door 
opened and a loud-voiced young fellow exclaimed: 

"Halloa, granddad! Get your frame in circulation. 
Don't sit around here like an old woman! I want accom- 
modation for man and beast." 

"Where's the man?" asked the old landlord in a flash. 

Cj'nic — Pity all these verse writers cannot be strangled 
like Anacreon. 

Klinic — How was he strangled? 

Cynic — A grape stone choked him. 

Klinic — Ah! A grape stone. Well, that's in the reg- 
ular order of things. These poets mostly run to seed 
sooner or later, you know. — Chicago Record-Herald. 

Jt 

Exchange Editor — " Let me see — Mark Twain had a 
degree of some kind conferred on him, didn't he?" 

Literary Editor-^" Yes; since he incorporated himself 
I believe he has taken the degree of Ltd." — Chicago 
Tribune. 

" Yes," said the prospective purchaser, " I alwaj's select 
an automobile by its motors." " But don't you pay any 
attention to its finish?" asked the salesman, who had 
been showing the unholstering and brass trimmings. " Oh, 
no! All my automobiles generally finish up in a tree or 
in a haj'stack." 

■J* 

The Practical Kind. — He (savagely) — " So another 
judge has decided the same old thing — a wife's right to 
search her husband's pocket." 

She (suavely) — " Don't saj- ' same old thing.' I am 
sure that is a matter in which there is seeking after 
a great deal of change." — Baltimore American 



WANT AND EXCHANGE 



To accommodate some of our readers and bring them in 
closer touch with each other, we have opened this "want 
and exchange " column. 

Rates, twenty-five cents per insertion, not exceeding four 
lines, including name and address. Five cents per line for 
^idditional lines. However, no " want " may exceed six lines 
altogether. 



WANTED: — ^On a farm a middle-aged man of good 
ii.'ibits to work with boys, good with horses and a willing 
man. — Box 17, Rock Lake, North Dakota. 

FOR SALE — Good improved sixty acre farm located 
4'/4 miles from Warrensburg, Mo., where the best Nor- 
mal School in the State is located. For particulars ad- 
dress H. B. Boyer, Warrensburg. Mo., R. F. D. No. S. 



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written especially 
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language which 
they will easily 
understand, and 
is both instruct- 
ive and enter- 
taining. It ap- 
peals to their 
imagination and 
Interests them 
in all animal 
life, including in- 
teresting stories 
of the homes 
great and small, 
and the common 







„ Animal WORLD ,^ 



and habits. Animals, 
5-trange and curious, 
animals which are our daily friends and 
companions. The animals are grouped 
in their natural families that the chil- 
dren may learn that many animals quite 
unlike in appearance and habits are yet 
cousins — and become interested in all. 
Bound in Genuine Cloth with cover 
ornamented with the most beautiful col- 
ored pictorial design worked in gold 
and colored ink. 250 large pages, 3 
lithograph pages, 16 full-page half- 
tones and numerous text illustrations. 

Begrular Price, $1.00 

Our Price, postpaid 57 

STORY OF AMERICA FOR 
YOUNG PEOPLE. 

From the earliest di.scoveries to the 
present time. Ac- 
count of the 
Norsemen, Mound 
Builders, Colum- 
bus. Pilgrims. 
King Philip's 
war, French and 
Indian war, story 
of Canada, sec- 
ond war with 
England, prog- 
ress of the 
United States, 
Civil war, war 
with Spain and 
Filipino i n s u r - 
gents, and all the latest events. Finely 
ilhistrated. 442 pages. Size, 9Vi x 7 

Publishers' Price, $1.50 

Our Price, postpaid 95 

CHILD'S STORY OF OUR 
COUNTRY. 

By Chas. Morris. 
Giving in simple language a co; - 
nected story of the Discovery, Settlt 
ment and Growth of the Country, with 
graphic pen pictures of men and events 
which have made a Great Republic of 
45 States with its new possessions in 
the East and West Indies. Embellished 
with 4 colored plates, full-page, half- 
tone engravings, and numerous portraits 
and otlier illustrations. 

Publisher's Price, $1.00 

Our Price, postpaid 60 



y-iisg 'Peoples: 
J^5tot^-//merua ' 



riXTt^r^,-: 




BEAUTIFUL BIBLE STO- 
RIES FOR BOYS AND 
GIRLS. 

As Told by Aunt Prudence. 

Profusely illustrated with over 200 
Bible pictures, including many full-page 
phototype engrav- 
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lithographs in col- 
ors. A valuable 
feature is that it is 
specially arranged 
to take the reader 
through the Bible in 
a year, there being 
5 2 appropriate chap- 
ters, one for each 
Sunday, in which 
the Bible stories 
from Genesis t o 
Revelation are presented In a fascinat- 
ing manner. In this book a series of 
questions succeeds each chapter, which 
helps to impress upon the mind the im- 
portant Bible fruths. It contains about 
250 pages. Cloth, lithographed cover. 

Begrular Price, $1.00 

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CHILD'S HISTORY OF OUR 
GREAT COUNTRY. 

From the discovery of America to the 
pre.<ent time. Including a complete ac- 
count of the 
Norsemen, the 
Mound Build- 
ers, voyages of 
Columbus, 
hardships o f 
early settlers, 
and everything 
of interest 
down to and 
including the 
assassina- 
tion of Presi- 
dent McKinley 
and the ad- 
ministration of 
President Roosevelt. It will be found 
to be very interesting and instructive to 
the young. 

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BIBLE TALKS IN SIMPLE 
LANGUAGE. 

Being an entrancing narrative of the 
wonderful events 
related in the 
Bible, and ar- 
ranged in a con- 
nected way, giv- 
ing the truths of 
the Bible in such 
a simple manner 
that it becomes 
very fascinating 
to both old and 
young. The book 
contains 624 

pages and 250 engravings. Cloth. 

Marbled edges. 

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SAYINGS OF 

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POST CARDS 

The 100th Anniversary of Abraham Lincohi's Birthday is attracting unusual attention 
throughout the entire Union. So are our Lincohi Post Cards. 

These Cards are of the first quality and will surely please. Eight designs, each of which 
contains a likeness of Lincoln. Xo two cards alike in either design or motto. 

One Motto consists of a few choice sentences from the famous Gettysburg address: 
another is "A Sensible Way to Live": another, "The Rights of Labor." One card con- 
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Set of 8 Cards, postpaid, 25 cents 

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Eternal Revenue Stamps 



.\ carefully selected collection of 120 Scripture Verses 
beautifully printed in Three Colors, on gummed paper, 
and perforated like ordinary postage stamps. 

The stamps are classified under twelve different head- 
ings, making ten different texts on the following subjects: 
Invitation Integrity Love 

Prayer Faith Deportment 

Comfort Salvation Prohibition 

Courage Purity Miscellaneous 

They are neatly bound in book form with a stiff card- 
board back, and with waxed tissue between the pages to 
prevent sticking. Every page is printed in a different 
combination of colors, giving a variety in this respect, as 
well as in the verses. Just the thing for sending a prom- 
ise or Scripture verse when writing to a friend. Size of 
book, 3J4xSJ4 inches. 




Price Per Book of 120 Stamps 10 Cents 

Brethren Publishing* 

House, Elgin, Illinois 




^g^^.,j IIHWilllll.il I II III in ! !■ 




..yai^v^;;. 




A Sample of the Oat Fields In the Nanton District. 



Harvest Time 



The prosperous settlers in Sunny Southern Alberta have just finished harvesting a bounti- 
ful crop. It is now THRESHING TIME and their yields are enormous. 

Some fields are yielding as high as fifty bushels of wheat per acre. And oats are yielding 
as high as one hundred and thirty bushels per acre. The crop on one acre brings enough money 
to buy two acres! Could you want anything better? 

We have just secured, and are now offering for sale, 50,000 acres in the Nanton District 
where already there is established a large and prosperous settlement of the Brethren. 

Our prices are $9.00 per acre and up, on easy terms — ten years to pay for land when the 
purchaser settles on the land. Excursions every week. Cheap rates and railroad fare refunded 
to purchasers of 320 acres or more. 

For particulars, address. 



REDCLIFFE REALTY CO., ( R. R. Stoner, Pres. ) 

430 TEMPLE COURT 

MINNEAPOLIS, - - - MINNESOTA 






V'*»'Vlr"*'»«»%<^«vA^»WI/'"'<»'^**' *»>*"■ *w*/t/w«i 







I^^^^SI 









) 



CHURCH EXTENSION BY 

COLONIZATION 

The Co-operative Colonization Company, incorporated under the laws of Indiana, proposes 
to establish colonies, on their Co-operative plan, in the United States and other countries, in 
suitable localities, under the most favorable conditions. 

The aim is to establish self-supporting congregations of our people, with good church 
and school privileges from the beginning of a colony. 

A committee appointed by the Directors of this company, made an extended tour of in- 
vestigation through the West. After careful consideration of their report by the Directors, it 
was decided to locate their first colony in the San Joaquin Valley, California. This is one of 
the vrorld's famous valleys, noted for its mild, congenial climate, rich soil and variety of prod- 
ucts. 

In this valley are grown successfully wheat, rye, oats, barley, alfalfa and other grasses; 
peaches, pears, prunes, apricots, nectarines, figs, olives, oranges, lemons, melons, canteloupes, 
strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, loganberries and grapes. Vegetables are grown almost 
every month in the year. English walnuts, almonds, pecans, peanuts and other nuts do well and 
are profitable. Dairying, beekeeping and poultry raising are carried on successfully. 
The new colony town, is on the main line of the Santa Fe Railroad, immediately on the tract 
selected for our first colony. It is in central California, within a few hours run of San Fran- 
cisco, Sacramento and Stockton, among the best markets in the State. 

The colony tract is well located, almost level, with a deep, fertile soil, mostly a sandy loam, 
well adapted to above-named crops. It is in the Modesto irrigation district, one of the best 
systems in the State, with plenty of water, and the land owns the irrigation plant. Two large 
ditches cross the colony tract, and the present owner will construct lateral ditches to each 
forty acres — an important item. The drainage is excellent, no alkali or hardpan to interfere 
with crops, no brush, stumps or stones to be removed, a good place for 

IDEAL HOMES AND PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

This tract is not large. It will soon be taken up. Each one can select his tract. Home- 
seekers and investors should investigate this proposition. A selection either in the town, or 
colony will make an ideal home. Water for domestic use is obtained from wells about 50 feet 
deep, and is of fine quality. A good public school house is in easy reach of the colony. 

The next party of colonists will leave Chicago about February 9. The town and colony 
lands are both platted and are ready for occupation and cultivation. Prospective colonists and 
California tourists are invited to join us. Write for rates and particulars. 



t 



CO-OPERATIVE COLONIZATION COMPANY 

NORTH MANCHESTER, INDIANA 
OR S. F. SANGER, GENERAL ORGANIZER, SOUTH BEND, INDIANA 



V#/^r"iM>Vlr** 



<^^»^»^N<» » , 



<^tmf^t^^t^>^^ 



miKSLtNOOK: 



February 16, 1909 



One Dollar Per Year 






The Rotunda (University of Virginia), Interior View, Showing 
Jefferson's Statue. 



Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 



Low Rates to 
Pacific Coast 

One Way Colonist 
Tickets Via 

Union Pacific 

Every Day in 
March and April 

Great opportunity for CHURCH EXTENSION 
BY COLONIZATION. 

All points in California, Oregon, Washington 
and Idaho reached by this route. Write for rates 
and stop=over privileges. 

There will be a specially conducted excursion 
to California, Thursday, March llth. 



Geo. L. /HcDonaugh, Omaha, Neb. 

E. M. Cobb, Elgin, 111. * D. C. Campbell, Colfax, Ind. 

Isaiah Wheeler, Oklahoma City, Okla. 
or Cerro Gordo, III. 

"Mention Inglenook When You Write" 



Aids to the Systematic Study of the Bible 



BIBLE OUTLIl^E. 
By E. S. Young. 

\\'ritten in four parts, 
(1) The Books of the Bi- 
ble. (2) The Old Testa- 
ment History. (3) The 
New Testament History. 
(4) The Institutions of 
the Bible. All the Scrip- 
ture, important events 
and chief characteristics 
are given in their proper 
order. 98 pages. 
Price, cloth, postpaid, . . . 

40 cents 

NEW TESTAMENT HISTORY. 
By E. S. Young. 





Enables the student to 
obtain a clear knowledge 
(if the history of the New 
Testament, both in gen- 
eral and in tletail. Bound 
in cloth. 
Price, postpaid, 50 cents 



THE LIFE OF CHRIST. 
By E. S. Young. 

A harmony of the four 
Gospels. Contains a sys- 
tematic arrangement of 
the Savior's life a n d 
teaching. 

Nine periods. One hun- 
dred and sixty events 
from birth to ascension. 
Nine maps on wliich 
events are located and 
journeys shown. Scrip- 
tures on the same sub- 
ject found in the dififerent 
(lospels are placed to- 
gether on the same page 
under the proper subject. 
Well illustrated. ;US 
pages. 
Bound in cloth, $1.50 







///| 



ft4«h»tl!I4B 



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY. 
By E. S. Young. 

.\n e.xcellent aid to the 
study of the Old Testa- 
ment, a good understand- 
ing of which will prepare 
one for a better under- 
standing and a clearer 
conception of the New 
Testament. Cloth-bound. 
Illustrated. 
Price, postpaid, 50 cents. 



.s:mmmY 




BIBLE GEOGRAPHY. 
By E. S. Young. 




people 
Price, 



I'.ound in cloth. 



Designed to stimulate 
an interest in Bible study. 
It is divided into two' 
parts — Old and New Tes- 
tament Geography — and 
contains a number of ex- 
cellent maps on which 
leading journeys are 
traced and principal 
events located. No study 
is more fascinating and 
brings richer rewards 
than a faithful study of 
the land in which God 
revealed himself to his 
127 pages. 
60 cents 



THE NEW TESTAMENT COMMENTARY. 
By Lewis W. Teeter. 

(3ne volume. The Commen- 
tary contains the entire text of 
the New Testament in both 
versions with references and 
marginal readings, several 
maps and a gazetteer giving 
the meanings and pronuncia- 
tion of the proper names. It 
is unevasive and impartial in 
its explanations. It stands in 
the defense of the most ap- 
parent meaning of the text. 
It is a ]iractical family reference book. 

Price, cloth $1.82 

Half morocco, 2.32; 




BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, Elgin, Illinois 



THE INGLENOOK 



Told at Twilight; 

or Bible Stories 

That Never Grow 

Old 

By Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. 

This book is written for boys 
and girls in such an attractive 
and interesting manner that 
they will ask you to read and 
reread it again to them. The 




author. Sister Elizabeth D. 
Rosenberger. has represented 
Aunt Dorothy as gathering the 
little children around her in the 
evenings and telling these old 
stories in such a way that it is 
bound to create a desire for 
more Bible knowledge. 

The book is beautifully illus- 
trated. 151 pages. 

Our Price, 25 cents 

(Postage e.xtra, S cents.') 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING 
HOUSE 



ra 



Elgin, Illinois 



Send us a postal card containing- your 

name and address with a request for 

our 1909 EASTEB CATALOG and we 

will g-ladly comply. 

BBETHBEN PUBLISHIITG HOUSE, 

Elgrin, Illinois. 

Brethren Teachers' 



Monthly 



The International Sundav-school Les- 
sons for 1909 are full of interest to 
both old and young. 

Every Sunday-school Teacher will 
need the helpful assistance of some 
first-class teachers' help Lesson writ- 
ers of splendid ability have been en- 
gaged for this year and you will make a 
mistake if .vou do not use their com- 
ments and suggestions. The teachers' 
best assistant. 

Subscription price. 50 cents per vear. 

BRETHREN 
PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 



Revised Minutes 

Contains the revised minutes of all the Annual Meetings up to and 
including 1896. Two hundred pages. Indexed under 1,200 subjects. 

The Appendix. 

This edition contains an appendix of almost one hundred pages, de- 
voted to the minutes of the Conference held in 189'? and 1907 inclusive. 
A copy of this book should be in the hands of every minister and church 
worker in the Brotherhood. The book is printed on fine quality of paper 
and substantially bound in cloth 



The Price. 



Single copy, prepaid 

Six copies to one address, prepaid. 




.$1.00 
. 5.00 



One Copy Free. 

Our price is very low. considering the size of the book, contents, and 
binding, but if you will dispose of five copies among your friends, and 
have same sent to one address, we will mail you one extra copy for your 
own use. 



BRETHREN PUBLISHING 
Elgin, Illinois 



HOUSE 



t 



The Twentieth Century 
Sunday School 
Record System 



.^1^. 


mm 'BBt 


iToCWpWh ' »ITT^B^fe .^^^^^2 






Ban ^m 

11 

IS 




ii 



No superintendent 
can afford to begin 
the new year's work 
without the assistance 
of our new system of 
records and recogni- 
tions. This plan, first 
used in one of our 
own Sunday schools, 
has grown in favor 
until it is now recom- 
mended by Sunday- 
school workers of all 
denominations. It has 
increased the enroll- 
ment and secures the 
attendance of each scholar enrolled. Encourages systematic giv- 
ing and discourages tardiness. Brings the Bible to the school 
and relieves the teacher of keeping class records. New scholars 
are enrolled and all records are kept and reported by the secre- 
tary of the school. The teacher is permitted to devote her whole 
time to the teaching of the lesson. Our new descriptive Record 
System Catalogue gives full particulars. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 



Bubbles and Other Stories 




Edited by Edna A, Newcomer. A collection of 108 poems and 
stories for the little folks. Illustrated with 83 halftones and pen 
sketches. Printed in blue on tine quality of calendered paper. A 
few of the many subjects are " Bubbles," " The Little Soldier," 
"Butterflies," "Her I-etters," " The Runaway Goosie," "Bed- 
time," "A Catnip Tea," " The Goose That Grew," " Ten Eittle 
Smiles," "Visiting Grandmother." "Who Is She?" "Building 
Pebble City," " The Doll Hospital," " Philip's Pet," " If," " When 
Lettie Reads," " Why the Photographer ^^'aited," " The Honest 
Old Toad," "The Baby's First Steps," "The Misfortunes of Bill." 
"Jimmy the News Boy," "Ten Little Pumpkins," "Jimmy Fish- 
hook," "A Young Canadian " and " How Mabel Helped." 

A beautiful cover design printed in blue and photo-brown inks. 
Sixt}-four large pages. Substantial board cover. 

Price, 30 cents 



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Eternal Revenue Stamps 



A carefully selected collection of 120 Scripture Verses 
beautifully printed in Three Colors, on gummed paper, 
and perforated like ordinary postage stamps. 

The stamps are classified under twelve different head- 
ings, making ten different texts on the following subjects: 
Invitation Integrity Love 

Prayer Faith Deportment 

Comfort Salvation Prohibition 

Courage • Purity Miscellaneous 

They are neatly bound in book form with a stiff card- 
board back, and with waxed tissue between the pages to 
prevent sticking. Every page is printed in a different 
combination of colors, giving a variety in this respect, as 
well as in the verses. Just the thing for sending a prom- 
ise or Scripture verse when writing to a friend. Size of 
book, i%x5l4 inches. 




Price Per Book of 120 Stamps 10 Cents 



Brethren Publishing 

House, Elgin, Illinois 




Results Are What Count 



Results of Some Crops Raised in Idalio, 1908 






TIEI^D OP BEETS. 


A. C. Coonard, .. 6 18% 


Wm. Hansen, . . 


. 6 


16 


irampa District. 


Geo. Duval 170 14 


Melcher & Boor, 


. 37 


15 


Tons 


Rogers' Farm. . . 20 24 


A. E. Wood, . . . 


. 18 


16 


irama Acres per A. 


Gough & Merrill,. 10 18 


P. A, Gregar, . 


. 6 


15 


Mark Austin, ... 35 18 


A. V. Llnder, ... 25 16 


R. F. Slone, . . . 


. 5 


15 


Company Farm, . 90 16 


David Betts, ... 14 15 


Thos. Weir, . . . 


. 14 


23 


Allen Bissett, . . 2 18 


Fayetta District. 


Wm. Melcher, . 


. 21 


22 


Tolef Olsen 4 IT/s 


C. M. Williams, .5 19 


S. Niswander, . 


. 26 


17 


C. G. Nofzlger, .5 19 


W. F. Ashlnhurst, 3% 18 


John Ward, . . . 


. 10 


22 


Geo. Duval 6 26 


E. E. Hunter, ... 27 16 


W. B. Ross, . . . 


. 5 


23 


ZTampa District. 


Gough & Merrill, Oats 


100 


17 


The results of grain crop following the 


Joe Dickens, Wheat 


66 


20 


beet crop. 


Sugar Company, Barley 


60 


40 


Kind of Bashela 


Geo. Duval, Barley 


75 


35 


Qraln per A. A. 


John Holtom, Wheat 


52 


20 


I. Hildreth. Wheat 58 15 


Albert Mlckels, Oats 


90 


9 



These results are only from a few points and a few individuals. Some 
localities report even greater yields, and show the possibilities of the coun- 
try. The fruit crop was very good; many of the growers realized from $700 
to $800 an acre for their apple crop this year, clear of all expenses. More 
land was sold in Idaho in 1908 than in any previous year. Land is still cheap. 
Settlers are going in very fast and the best opportunities will soon be taken. 

Homeseeker Round Trip Rates are in effect on the first and third Tues- 
days of January and February, 1909, as follows: From Chicago to Black- 
foot, Idaho, $42.50; Boise, Idaho, $57.50; Butte, Montana, $42.50; Caldwell, 
Idaho, $57.50; Hailey, Idaho, $53.60; Himtington, Oregon, second-class, 
$57.50; Idaho Falls, Idaho, $42.50; Ketchum, Idaho, $54.60; Market Lake, 
Idaho, $42.50; Mountain Home, Idaho, $53.90; Nampa, Idaho, $57.20; On- 
tario, Oregon, $57.50; Pocatello, Idaho, $42.50; Salt Lake City, Utah, $39.00; 
Shoshone, Idaho, $49.00; Twin Falls, Idaho, $50.80; Weiser, Idaho, $57.50. 

Colonist One Way Cheap Rates will be in effect from March 1 to April 
30, 1909, inclusive. 

Write at once for printed matter giving full particulars about Idaho and 
its jxjssibilities, climate and other attractions. 



S. Bock 



D. E. Burley 



Colonization Agent, Dayton, Ohio Q.P.A., O.S.L.R.R., Salt Lake City, Utah 



■m KSbENSOK 



Vol. XI. 



February 16, 1909. 



No. 7. 



EDGAR ALLAN POE AT COLLEGE 

JOHN WALTER WAYLAND 



Of all the distinguished personages born in the 
year 1809, it is probable that none have been more 
the subject of discussion and controversy than Edgar 
Allan Poe. Though not bom in prehistoric times like 
old Homer, the Greek poet, yet like Homer his place 
of birth is still in dispute. Boston claims him ; Balti- 
more claims him ; and I have recently read that there 
is a house in Norfolk, \'irginia, that is pointed out 
as the place where he was born. It is pretty certain 
that he was born in either Boston or Baltimore. His 
ancestors seem to have lived in the latter city ; and it 
was in the same city that death finally overtook the 
erratic genius at the age of forty. 

But his birthplace is only one of the many points 
in dispute about Poe. Most of the controversy has 
been waged about his life, his character, and his 
works. Many persons have always recognized Poe as 
a great literary light, some regarding him as the great- 
est figure in American literature ; others have placed 
him much lower down in the scale. Some have 
thought of him as a sot and a gambler; others have 
thought him no worse than many other men of his 
day, who were then regarded as respectable ; the mis- 
fortune with Poe being that his fame and genius have 
caused his faults to be remembered and magnified. 
Without attempting to settle the question, we may 
observe that Poe's place in literature seems to be ris- 
ing with time, rather than falling; and that his un- 
usually nervous and sensitive temperament, which 
was entirely out of proportion to his will power, 
will doubtless account for, if not excuse, his ex- 
cesses in the use of liquor and his occasional quar- 
rels with persons who might have helped him live 
better and longer. 

This sketch is not to deal witli Poe's life as a whole, 
or with questions in dispute : it is to tell something of 
his life at college: that is, at the University of \ir- 
ginia. He had been to school in England and else- 



where before he came to Virginia ; and he was at 
West Point Military Academy for awhile afterward ; 
but his college life, properly so-called, may be limited 
to the ten months he spent in 1826 at the University 
of Virginia, the institution that had opened its doors 
first to students only the year before, under the patron- 
age of Thomas Jefiferson. 

Poe matriculated in Eebruary and remained till 
the following December, the session then running 
straight througli the summer. He first roomed on 
what is called the Lawn, with another young man 
from Richmond ; but they soon quarreled — had a 
fist fight, it is said — and after that Poe took a room 
on West Range. It may help our imagination to say 
that there are at the University of Virginia, now as 
then, four principal rows of dormitories, running from 
northeast to southwest, parallel with one another, and 
about sixty yards apart. The inner pair face each 
other ; and the grass-covered, tree-bordered space be- 
tween is called the Lawn ; the outside rows face, one 
east, the other west, and are called respectively East 
Range and West Range. 

Poe's room on West Range was No. 13. It was 
only a few doors from the hall of the feflferson 
Literary Society, of which he was a member, and per- 
haps secretary. The Rotunda, the present library 
building, was finished while he was at college; but 
before the Rotunda was finished the library and read- 
ing room were in a building on the west side of the 
Lawn, for a long while afterwards called the " Old 
Library." It was in the old library, with its quaint, 
white-arched entrance, that Poe did most of his gen- 
eral reading, or from which he got most of the gen- 
eral books that he read. The old building has been 
connected with other famous men. The board of 
visitors used to meet in a room on the first floor ; and 
at one time, about the time Poe was a student, three 
ex-Presidents, Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe, were 



146 



Till-: IXGI.EXOOK.— February Id, 1909. 



on the board together. The old luimite-book shows 
their names, written one after the other, on the sariie 
page. On one of the window-panes of the old build- 
ing it is said that Elisha Kent Kane, then a student. 
afterward the famous arctic explorer, cut his name 
with a diamond. I have several times looked for the 
name, but liave not found it; though I have not yet 
examined all the windows. 

In choosing his books from the library.' Poe appears 
to have been especially fond of poetry and history. 
He and another student read a number of the English 
,poets together — that is, at the same time ; and they 
formed the habit of copying favorite passages for 
each other. Poe likely wrote some poems while a 



Poe at this time wrote a very beautiful hand. He 
took great pride in this accomplishment ; and would 
sometime see how many words he could write legibly 
upon a given slip of paper. lie was also skilful at 
drawing, and (»rnamenteil the walls and ceilings of 
his room with crayon and charcoal sketches, some of 
which were very artistic. We wish ikiw that they 
were not covered over so thick willi plaster and white- 
wash. 

The young stutlent was a dreamy, poetic, and per- 
haps eccentric sort of fullow. He appears to have 
taken many long strolls over the surrounding country, 
in the course of which he likely visited sometimes, 
just as students now do, th.e home of Jefferson, Moiiti- 




A Biidseye View of the fniversity at Present. Arrow (1) Shows Poe's Room; .\rrow (2) 
1 .• I « ( Arrow (3) the Ragged Mountains. 



the Old Library; 



Student at the university : fc -r he published a collec- 
tion only a year or two later. It is certain that he 
wrote stories ; and he would frequently read what he 
had written to a group of other fellows as they sat 
around his fireplace. 

As a student, he seems to have been among the 
best, ranking almost, perhaps, with Gessner Harrison 
and Henry Tutwiler, two young fellows from Rock- 
ingham County, both of whom became distinguished : 
the former on the university faculty ; the latter as a 
great educational leader in the State of Georgia. It is 
a matter of record that Poe won distinction in Latin 
and I'Yench. One of his contemporaries testified long 
afterwards that he vvas tolerably regular in attendance 
upon his classes. It is said that he was also coniimend- 
ed publicly by his professor for a verse translation 
from the Italian. He was a " star '" in athletics. He 
was the best young boxer in Richmond ; could swim 
for miles ; was a fast runner : was a fine swordsman ; 
and could jump some twenty-odd feet. 



cello, perched upon a little mountain two or three utiles 
east of the university, .\fter July. 1826. the grave of 
Mr. Jefferson was where it still is, half-way up the 
western sloge of iMonticello ; and we may imagine 
Poe stopping to read the inscription, the words of 
which Mr. Jefferson had himself dictated before his 
death. The whole western side of the little mountain 
is still covered with timber; and this, with the road 
winding up through it, past Jefferson's grave to the 
brick mansion and terraced gardens on the summit, 
must have been an attractive walk for Poe, We know 
that he frequently took long rambles among the Rag- 
ged Mountains, a cluster of wooded hills four or five 
miles southwest of the university. One of the tales 
that he afterwards wrote is called the " Tale of the 
Ragged Mcjuntains." 

Poe gambled at the university, drank a good deal, 
no doubt, and got into debt by gambling some two 
thousand dollars. It was irritation at his bad debts 
that ajjpears to have been the reason why his foster 



THE I XGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



147 



father, Mr. Allan, did not allow him to return to 
college. He was not expelled. Neither was he sus- 
pended or disciplined by the university authorities. 
Hence his conduct must have been pretty good ; for 
the boys were closely looked after, as the records 
show. Several times Poe was summoned as a witness 
in the trials of others ; but he himself never suffered 
from faculty displeasure. I have examined the old 
record book, where Poe's name, with others, is en- 
rolled. When a student was suspended or expelled 
the fact was entered after his name. Poe's record is 
clear. ?vIc-,reover, the faculty minutes are very full; 



owns, and by the amount of water to which he is 
entitled. Water in the desert is so scarce that the 
ownership of it is niost jealously guarded. In " A 
Search for the Masked Tawareks "' the author says 
that in buying a palm grove it is always necessary to 
stipulate for so many sa'as per day or week. A 
" sa'a," literally, " an hour," is the amount of water 
that will flow in an hour through an opening the 
width of a man's fist in the side of a " segia." The 
main " segias," or channels, as a rule, follow the roads 
of the oasis, forming a short ditch at the side. A 
regular time-table is kept, showing the hours at which 




Part of West Range. "13" Marks the Location of Poe's Room; 



Show.'; the Jefferson Literary Society Hall. 



and no entry has been found against him. 

Over the door of Poe's old room is now a bronze 
tablet bearing this inscription: 

^ EDGAR ALLAN POE 

MDCCCXXVI 

DOML'S PARVA MAGNI POETAE 

Tlie last line is a modification of the inscription at 

the birthplace of Erasmus in the city of Rotterdam. 

During the celebration last month, from the 16th to 



the owners of the different plantations are entitled 
to draw water by a very curious little water-clock, 
consisting of a metal cup, made usually of brass or 
copper, with a small hole pierced in the bottom. At 
the commencement of each hour this is placetl in a 
basin of water. The water gradually runs through the 
hole until, at the expiration of the hour, the cup sinks 
to the bottom of the basin. It is then taken out, 
emptied, and set again to measure oft' tlie next " sa'a," 



the 23d, of the centenary of Poe, the room was open ^^^^ ^^ j,^^ ^^^^^^^ .^ continued throughout the twenty 



to visitors as a Poe museum. It is in charge of the 
Raven Society, an honor society organized among the 
students and teachers in 1904. and named after Poe's 
most famous poem. One of the curios in the room is 
a huge stuffed raven, a gift made to the society a 
year or two ago. ^ ^ ,^ 

THE SAHARA WATER-CLOCK. 

A man's wealth in the Sahara is calculated almost 
entirely by the number of camels or palm trees he 



four hours. This instrument is usually kept in the 
village mosque. In order to prevent all interference 
with it, a watchman is set over it, who notifies the 
expiration of each hour from the minaret of the 
mosque. At the end of the " sa'a " the opening in the 
side of the " segia " through which the water flows is 
closed with clay, and the water is cut oft' and allowed 
to flow down the main channel to the next plantation. 
—Selected. 



148 



THE INGLEXOOK.— !• 



lb. l')09. 



AROUND THE WORLD WITHOUT 

A CENT 

HENRY M. SPICKLER 



Chapter XLV. 

'■ Gu.ECA I '" ( Lirikc-a ) cried out the American Italian 
to me at the prow as he ran np out of the ship's 
kitchen with a sea bun jitst hot from the bake oven. 
" That is Greece," and he pointed his heavy hand 
across and a little to " port " of the Lctiiiibro. 

Rapidly the little country of Demosthenes and 
Socrates rose higher and hig-her out of the sea until 
the mountains, farther 
away from the shore 
line, stood out clear 
and keen in the 
clearest of rare at- 
mospheres. 

I felt in my pocket 
for my little five and 
ten lepta pieces of 
money, packed my 
nickel rubbish against 
the foremast on the 
upper deck where I 
had been living and 
sleeping, and know- 
ing my bike would be 
safe in the care of the 
ship where it had 
been riding, in the 
freight hold, I began 
to look about for the 
first chance to get to 
shore. The Lctimbro 
would lie here for a 
half day. 

A half d a y i n 
Greece ! That's all I was to have, but I was possessed 
with almost uncontrollable joy. Many of my school- 
mates who had studied Greek with me in three great 
colleges — I'm always glad to have everybody know 
that I went to college — no one would know it if I 
didn't tell them myself — would never get here at all. 
And while I would be happier if they all could come 
and see this land about which we fought so long and 
hard in history and epic translations of the great 
masterpieces of men long dead, still I have that pleas- 
urable sensation of victory which humbles as it ele- 
vates, and I rush down to the center and port or left 
side of the boat and climb into a rowboat to sit be- 




yrae 



cs9 



'^iatcV ^heXcVra,W^_a<i she. Pulls 



hind a Grecian boy and he rowed into the harbor of 
Piraeus, with Atliens only si.x miles away, down along 
the shore, to my right, plainly visible from the deck 
of the steamer. 

Before the boat touched the edge I was out and in 
Greece. My, I felt funny. When I trudged along 
over the briglit. washed pebbles. I saw Demosthenes 
with his mouth full of them. But no longer did he 

seem so great. I was 
right there, in his 
own land, breathing 
the same air, looking 
upon the same noble 
hills, hearing the 
same people talk and 
being barked at by 
the same dogs. Si.x 
hours in Greece! 

Up from the land- 
ing I ran, inquiring 
of everybody I met, 
and not stopping for 
an answer, the direc- 
tion to the railway 
station, for a train 
was due right now, I 
had learned, for 
Athens ! It seemed 
irreverent to hurry so, 
for Yankees rush in 
where Europeans fear 
to tread. If I missed 
this train I could 
hardly get to Athens. 
The gate-keeper saw me coming and although the 
train was moving he sold me a ticket, pushed me 
aboard — and — whew ! I was going to ride on a Gre- 
cian railroad train to .\thens, where Plato and Homer 
had to walk. The coaches were queer, different, but 
not so much unlike those of Europe. I'ut I couldn't 
tell whether I climbed out of the entl. the side, or the 
top. I was so wild with the joy of what I was doing 
and of what I was going to see. 

The depot at Athens was in a rude ])art of town, 
where there were few buildings and these small and 
common. 

I asked the first man I met where the Areopagus 









THE INGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



149 



and Acropolis were. Accustomed to so many tourists, 
he knew what I wanted by the way I looked, for he 
spoke only Greek, and he pointed to a path right at 
my feet and said, motioning, " Up there is the Acrop- 
olis." 

I hit the path on a hard run, wishing I had six days 
instead of six hours in Greece. In less than a minute 
I was climbing up, and then was on, the great world- 
famed Acropolis. There, standing before me, in every 
■conceivable state of preservation and destruction, or 
lying about over the enchanted ground, were temples 



sculpturing of the elaborate friezes, I ran to another 
part of the big, rounding hill. 

There lay the Letimbro out at sea, seven miles 
away. Here I was, alone, but in a vast crowd of im- 
aginations. Far down on the other side of the 
elongated hill was the big stadium where the Mara- 
thon races or the Athenian races were held. There, 
also, were the old theatres in circular form, and I sat 
in several of the marble seats, still well preserved, the 
names of the Greeks who occupied them still visible 
in the slabs of marble. In the liacchus theatre the 




' Thero lay at my foot mndorn Atlioiis. once the greatest city of tlie world.' 



and images, jilatfornis and cavities, a city of marble 
through which a western cyclone might have passed 
and left it no more tragic and pathetic in appearance. 

Believe me, the mind, under joyful and most profit- 
able stimuli, can act with the rapidity of the electric 
flash. I was tired of being cramped for space on the 
Ijoat. Here I had a vast field of miracles in history 
to explore, free of charge, in the bright sunlight, with 
a pair of legs under me that after their enforced bi- 
cycle-pumping rest in Italy, were pawing for some- 
thing to do. 

With all my speed I sprinted from temple to tem])le, 
theatre to cistern, pausing long enough to catch my 
Ijreath, look about, far and near, and then, with every- 
Ihing seen I cared to see, even to the most minute 



arrangement of the tiers of seats was almcist as good 
as when Greek players incited the seat holders to tears 
or laughter. Still farther away were to be seen the 
ruins, in columns, of a very large temple. These were 
more weathered and showed far more loosening at the 
joints than did the other columns seen elsewhere, 
" These," I said, " must be much older, for the Greeks 
would hardly use an inferior marble or be satisfied 
with less than the very best of workmanship." 

But thanks to some little study ft architecture before 
I came here, my eye found the cause. These ruins were 
not Grecian. In Greece, in Athens herself, thev had 
been built by another race. The Romans had con- 
quered the Greeks and their victory was commemo- 
rated by this great tem|)lc to Jupiter or some other 



150 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



fake god. The Romans built well, but never so well 
as did the Greeks. Even these ruins, built long after 
the others standing about me, were far less preserved 
than the works of the Greeks. The same sun had 
shone upon them, the same storms had chilled and 
shaken and worn these great blocks. The same vol- 
canic disturbances had shaken them. There was one 
thing only that made a difference ! Honest workman- 
ship. The Greek was a deliberate, thinking, honest, 
reliable master workman. The Greek did his best on 
what lie had and grew the greatest intellect in the 
world. The Roman cared for quantity rather than 
quality, and both races have built better than are an\- 
races building today. But they built not on the real 
•• Rock." 

By the sun I knew it was nearly noon, but return- 
ing through the hollow, separating the Roman an- 
tiquities from the inore important ones on the hill, I 
walked through the great theatre of Dionysius, at the 
foot of the Acropolis, where the seating capacity 
would hold three thousand spectators. Here, ages 
ago, three thousand Grecian playgoers sat and heard 
the plays of Sophocles and Euripides. The marble 
chairs were still perfect, inany of them without a 
flaw\ Think of my racing through these rows of 
marble chairs when the rich and cultured leaders of 
Athenian society sat breathless in the spell of a drama. 
\\ here are those people now ? Why do they no longer 
come to hear the Greek tragedian, in measured poinp 
of sentence, and artful display of brawn, wrapped in 
the rich folds of a gentleman's soft garments? Why 
all this lavish quarrying of marble? Why this ex- 
(juisite touch of grace at the head of every column 
that required the study of a lifetime to master? Why 
this hill covered with matchless beauty in deathless 
stone, preserved today so that all of it could be easily 
replaced, if not to be used by the children of the 
Greeks who fashioned it and came here to enjoy it? 
\\'hy is this hill all waste, the greatest, the most mag- 
nificent ruins of all ruins, with possibly a rival in the 
Roman Forum at Rome? 

One word answers it forever and conclusively : 
Paul. 

When Paul dared to stand up here and open his 
mouth the idols all shut up theirs. 

O Paul ! I see you amid all of this classic beauty, 
standing where others, coming, became so enamored 
of the power of beauty about them that they lost their 
ow-n personality and " followed the crowd," to wor- 
ship stones. Others came here to " spout " their elo- 
quence where the chief man spoke, just to go back 
and crow over their backyard fence to their neighbor 
about it. You forgot honor and self and home, even 
your ow-n noble countrymen, and did that which the 
high-minded Athenians laughed at. Your own coun- 
trymen were ashamed of you, you with the intellect 
as good as their best, you with training in university 



subjects beyond the reach of these Greek pedants, you 
became a fool here that the whole world might know, 
not of atoms and diatoms, molecules or mollycoddles, 
but of one Man, and his Gospel. 

That's why the Acropolis today is a total mass of 
antique ruins. That's why there's no one around to- 
day to keep me from putting into my pockets, if they 
were big enough, priceless souvenirs of marble em- 
bellishment. 

I wished to eat a meal in Greece and so was going 
liack towards the city when I saw on my left, just in 
the act of ascending Mars' Hill, two young ladies, 
whose bright dresses of various shades of color made 
a great contrast to the white inarble citizens of the 
hill that neither moved nor spoke but lay where the 
volcanic shocks had thrown them, senseless and flat 
upon their backs. 

On reaching the girls I recognized them as the 

daughters of the captain and mate of the Letimbro. 

I did not go, at once, to luncheon, — even in Athens ! 

All Rights Reserved. 

[From .\thens I\Ir. Spickler sailed for Turkey but 
on arriving at the city of Constantinople he was put 
under arrest by the Turks, and later led before the 
magistrate to speak for himself. His United States 
passport was taken from him and a fine imposed. 
This Mr. Spickler refused to pay and demanded his 
passport, appealing to the United States Consul.] 

v5* ft5* c?* 
UNKNOWNS. 

M.\RV E. C.VXODE. 

Chemic.\l laboratories of schools and colleges have, 
as parts of their equipments, packages bearing the 
labels, " Unknowns." 

Each package contains a mixture of different ele- 
ments thus prepared for the purpose of putting to 
the test the analyzing ability of the student who is 
supposed to have learned their different qualities and 
to be able to prove by experimentation which elements 
enter into the make-up of this particular package. 

From the seveiit\-two, more or less, different known 
elements, then, what an endless number of these " un- 
knowns " might be compiled ! Yet the expert chem- 
ist would be able to catalogue every component part 
and the word " unknown " could no longer be prop- 
erly applied. 

But the signilicance of the name makes one think 
how much more appropriately it might be applied to 
each individual of the human family. The composite 
character of any one person is sufficient to baffle the 
skill of the most learned analyzer of human nature. 

Physiologists may think they know well their func- 
tions and the organs that make up the huinan body. 
Fortune-tellers may claim the ability of telling past 
and foretelling future events of our lives. Mind 



THE IXGLEXOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



151 



readers mav deceive themselves and others into be- 
lieving that mental operations are like an open book 
before them. Theosophists, spiritualists, Christian 
Scientists and all the other kinds of " ists " may claim 
the ability of making clear, by all their puzzling va- 
garies, all of those strange mental experiences that 
transcend present human knowledge, while the gos- 
pel minister may think himself capable of advising us 
as to our spiritual needs. 

If each of these could do perfectly the part he 
thinks himself able to do, what a full register would a 
complete analysis of one individual show ! But let 
all these use their utmost abilities and register what 
they may have succeeded in learning about any one 
man and he might still retain as his appropriate label, 
" unknown." 

Through chemical skill the composition and amount 
of any mixture of elements may be determined. But 
no degree of experimentation, examination or trick- 
ery is able to discern or prove the quantities and quali- 
ties of good and evil, love and hate, interest and in- 
difference, joy and sorrow, energy and inactivity, 
strength and weakness, Christianity and idolatry, civili- 
zation and barbarism and a greater host of undis- 
covered characteristics which constitute this queer, 
unknown and indeterminable mixture called a human 
being. 

Mount Morris, Illinois. 

^* e5* &?• 

FIGURES OF SPEECH. 

JOIIX H. XOWLAX. 

" A FIGURE of speech is a mode of expression in 
which a word or thing is used in an artificial manner, 
in order to a more forcible presentation of thought, or 
the illustration and embellishment of that to which 
it is applied." — David N. Lord. 

In studing composition, the books of all ages are 
ransacked to find examples of the various figures, too 
often ignoring the fact that one old Book, more com- 
mon than any other, abounds in an almost unlimited 
supply of illustrations. 

Comparison or simile is where one thing is affirmed 
to be like another and is expressed by as, like, so or 
some similar term. There must be a point of resem- 
blance which is to be made more conspicuous. 

The coming of Christ is to be rapid and conspicuous. 
(Matt. 24; 27) The change from condemnation to 
forgiveness is to be so great that an extreme change 
of color is used to describe it. (Isa. 1: 18.) Man is 
of short duration (Job 14: 2), the wicked may gain 
power (Psa. 37: 35), yet the righteous in due time 
shall flourish (Psa. 90: 12). 

The more effective of the similes are those that 
not only afifinn the likeness, but indicate in what man- 
ner it exists. 

Isaiah 55: 10, 11 compares the cft'ect of God's word 
to that of snow and rain on the earth. 



A metaphor differs by stating that the object is 
that which it resembles. Joseph is a fruitful bough 
(Gen. 49: 22), wisdom is a tree of life (Prov. 3: 18) 
and the disciples were fishers (Matt. 4: 19). 

To illustrate the two figures the protecting power of 
God is compared to a shield. A metaphor is found in 
Gen. 15: 1, while Psa. 5: 12 is a simile. 

Mctonomy means a change of names, where the 
land is used for the people (Isa. 10: 5), the container 
for the thing contained (Isa. 2:6), the sign for the 
thing signified, cause for effect, etc. 

Synecdoche is the use o.f a part for the whole or 
one of its kind (Isa. 5: 3), or of the whole where it 
signifies only a part. Compare Gen. 2: 4, Isa. 5: 3, 
and Isa. 10: 10-14. 

Hyperbole exhibits things in greater or less dimen- 
sions, more or less in numbers, or better or worse than 
they really are. This figure is rarely found in the 
Bible, being found in the poetical portions. (Job 40; 
2^: Isa. 2; 7, 8; 2 Sam. 1 : 2?,, and Psa. 119: 36.) 

Irony is an expression meaning the opposite of what 
the words convey. Read Elijah to the priests of 
Baal, 1 Kings 18: 27. 

.4postrophc is a direct address to the absent as if 
present, or to inanimate objects as if they possessed 
life. Thus Death is addressed in 1 Cor. 15: 55, Jeru- 
salem, used by metonomy for her people, in Matt. 23 : 
Z7, 38, Jerusalem in Isa. 5: 1-7, while in Isa. 14: 8-20 
the trees are represented as speaking. 

Personification attributes life or animation to in- 
animate objects or abstract ideas. Moses summoned 
heaven and earth to listen ( Deut. 2,2: 1-43) and Isaiah 
in chap. 1 : 1 and chap. 44 : 2i. Jeremiah calls upon 
the heavens (chap. 2; 12, 13) and the earth (chap. 22: 
29, 30). 

An allegory is a continued metaphor or a story with 
a deeper meaning. Read Isa. 5: 1-7; Psa. 80. and 
Ezek. 31:3-17. 

These are only a very few of the illustrations that 
may be drawn from the Scriptures, and I hope will 
lead to a more extensive research than I have indi- 
cated. 

Teachers, try this plan in your rhetoric class, and 
I feel that you will find it satisfactory. 

Mulberry Grove, III. 

^V ^V C|7^ 

A SPOT HISTORIC IN BUCKEYEDOM. 

A iiE.\UTiFUL Xoveniber day it is. ( )iic of those 
rare last days of the autumn time whose minutes 
pass too lightly, for you want to keep them by vou. 
One of those days when you are watching the sun and 
calculate mentally how much of it you have yet to en- 
joy. You know that you cannot have many more 
such glorious days, and you'want every bit of this one. 

This is the 20th of Xoveniber, in the year of our 
Lord 1908. The records tell ns that it was just such 



152 



THE I \GLE.\OOK.— February 16. 1909. 



a day as this, a luinclred years ago. that a little band 
of Moravians — white and red — moved slowly from 
vonder site where stood the mission house to this 
spot and reverently interred the body of their teacher 
in the virgin soil of the Tuscarawas valley. 

I like that word " teacher." It is Anglo-Sa.xon. 
It has in it the strength of the English oak. It is 
cosmopolitan. It means the minister, the educator, 
the leader. So they laid to rest their teacher. Over the 
open grave of David Zeisberger his " brown brethren," 
as he loved to call them, chanted the Moravian litany 
in the hope of the Resurrection. Many of his " brown 
brethren " had gone on before and had received Chris- 
tian burial. The remaining followers digged his grave 
that he might rest beside those whom he loved, for 
whom he lived, for whom he labored and for whom 
he sacrificed. 

Xow a century has gone by. The broad valley of 
the Tuscaraw-as, dotted with homes, churches and 
schools, lay basking in the sunshine. In the small 
iron enclosure a little company waited until a party of 
children from a neighboring school could be present. 
In each child's hand was a sprig of evergreen. These 
were laid on the grave. Then with bared heads the 
men and w(.)mcn joined in reading the Easter morn- 
ing litany of the Moravian church. The minister 
who conducted the ceremonies was a great-grandson 
of John Heckewelder, a fellow laborer of Zeisberger. 
It was a beautiful service. 

Cut why stand by this simple slab in a country 
graveyard ? 

David Zeisberger 
Born .\pril 11, 1721, in Moravia. 
Departed this life November 17, 1808. 
Aged 87 years. 7 months. 6 days. 
This faithful servant of the Lord labored 
among the American Indians as mission- 
ary during the last sixty years of his life. 
It is the story of a hero. Near him is the tomb of 
his coworker. Edwards. .\11 around are the graves 
of the forest children whom he taught. Yonder is the 
site of the mission house which he built and to which 
he retired in his later years. A farmhouse now stands 
there. Some of the rock foundation is still in use 
under the modern structure. 

Two miles up the river is Schoenbrunn, where 
Zeisberger and Heckewelder began a settlement in 
1772. Here was built a church and school. A little 
plot of ground now owned by the Moravian Society 
reminds us of this pioneer movement of civilization. 
It was the beginning of a series of Moravian communi- 
ties on the Upper Tuscarawas — Gnadenhutten. Licht- 
nau. New Schoenbrunn and Salem. Here within a 
few years were gathered by the devoted Moravian 
missionaries hundreds of- converted Indians. They 
were prepared for the future world by preparing them 
to live well in this one. Agriculture and stock rais- 



ing and the manual trades were taught. Rum was 
not to be brought into the community. They were 
not to go to war. 

To get an Indian to agree to all this in such a short 
time is certainly a compliment to his teacher. A hunt- 
ing, roving, rum-drinking, bloodthirsty aborigine to 
be transformed into a law-abiding citizen of a com- 
munity is enough to cause one to doubt the doctrine 
of total depravity. 

Dr. Winship, of Boston, expresses the idea in. de- 
scribing two small boys whose behavior was at op- 
posite poles. He said there was no difference between 
the boys; they had different mothers only. 

Schoenbrunn was the first '" dry " territory in Ohio. 
.\t Schoenbrunn was written the first civil code in 
Ohio. At Schoenbrunn was built the first church in 
Ohio. At Schoenbrunn was the first school in Ohio. 
At Schoenbrunn was prepared a spelling book for 
use in teaching the Indians. Two years at Schoen- 
brunn, and on Easter morning, 1774, Zeisberger led 
the people in the praying of the beautiful Easter 
litany of the Moravian church, which he had trans- 
lated into the Delaware Indian language. 

Who said that there were no good Indians but 
dead ones? We are told that we graduate them at 
Carlisle, and the graduates hang their diplomas in a 
tepee, lay aside their civilized garb and go back to the 
blanket. Is it a difference of teachers only? 

The Zeisberger education was no veneer. It did 
not rub off. The Zeisberger Indian did not go back 
to the blanket and bear's grease. Neither did he culti- 
vate some of the civilized (?) habits of his white 
neighbors. He was trying to throw off savagery. 
Experience had told him that firewater didn't tend 
that way. It has taken 6,000 years to evolve a civil- 
ized man out of a savage, but it only takes six minutes, 
with plenty of " booze," to turn it the other way. 

Yes, David Zeisberger, you were a teacher, and it 
is because of your work as teacher that I linger a 
little at your grave today and stand by the waters of 
Schoenbrunn. 

\\'hen the last page of the world's history is writ 
and the .scroll is about to be made up and placed in 
the archives of the eternities, there will be no pages 
more replete with heroism, sacrifice and service than 
those upon which are engrossed the achievements of 
the teacher, and none of these will be brighter than 
the one devoted to David Zeisberger. the first Ohio 
teacher.— C. L. Martzolif, in The Ohio Teacher. 

•at jit ^ 

Jr.sT to lead the child along in a pleasant search 
for truth, with no sophisms and no heroics, to touch 
the cup to his lips that he may long for a full draught. 
to guide his feet to the step whence he may catch a 
wider view of life,— all this is the very acme of good 
teaching and the one who can do it in sincerity and 
simplicity is a power in this world. — Exchange. 



THE I NGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 153 



THE WORKERS 



The craftsman stood behind his bench and smiled, 
Although his muscles ached and on his brow 
The sweat-beads stood. He raised his eyes and spoke: 
"This is my work; I have fashioned in it, 

Well as I could, all my thought and my plan; 

Perfect it is not, and yet not unfit; 

Beauty it holds and true service to man. 

Mine in the making, and mine as it stands, 

Thought of my spirit and work of my hands." 



The farmer looked across the billowed fields 
Where waiting harvests shimmered in the breeze; 
His sun-browned face was joyous as he said: 

" This is my work; through the cold and the heat. 
Sunshine and rain, I have labored and wrought; 
Orchards and meadows and wide fields of wheat 
Owe all their wealth to my care and my thought. 
Mine was the toil, mine the harvest that stands. 
Thought of my spirit and work of my hands." 



The teacher watched with loving eyes the throng 
Of jostling, happy children in the street. 
And said, with tender voice and face serene: 

"These are my work; all my thought and my care, 
Study and labor and stern self-control. 
Gladly I give that their lives may be fair, 
Clearer each mind and more noble each soul. 
Partly my own is each life as it stands, 
Thought of my spirit and work of my hands." 



The poet scanned his verses, and his face 
Was all aglow with light reflected from 
His dream; hushed was his voice, but full of joy: 
" This is my work, which with painstaking love 
I have endeavored to make true and sure; 
Bright was my dream as the heavens above, 
So I have striven to have it endure. 
This is my gift to all men of all lands. 
Thought of my spirit and work of my hands." 



Then as they viewed their work there came to each 
The sense of failures past and of the strength 
The future claimed; and humbly each one said: 
" This is my work; it was given to me. 

Though it is greater than my strength can do; 

Yet from the task I ask not to be free; 

For, if I labor with purposes true, 

Ever will infinite love help me stand. 

Leading my spirit and guiding my hand." 

— E. E. Miller, in The Circle. 



k 



J 



154 



THE INGLEXOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



Nature Studies 




ANIMAL ELECTRICITY AND NERVE FORCE. 
S. Z. SH..\RP. 

Ix the days of Franklin, it was a question whether 
electricity and the lightning from the clouds were 
one and the same thing. It was known that in many 
respects they were similar. The experiment of Frank- 
lin with his kite proved they were identical. The 
question now arises whether electricty and nerve force 
are also identical. It is certain they have their points 
of similarity. Both are best conducted on thin wires 
or fibres. The nerve force generated in the brain 
and sent out to all parts of the body over thin 
nerves, acts very much like the electricity generated 
in some central office in a city and distributed in all 
directions over the telephone wires. As the electric 
current is strengthened by relay batteries, so the 
nerve force is augmented by the ganglia through 
which it passes. 

Another similarity between these two forces is the 
rapidity with which they move. No other two forces 
in nature move so rapidly. They outstrip both light 
and sound. Observe a rope-walker balancing him- 
self with a pole. To keep his equilibrium and at the 
same time move forward every nuiscle of his limbs 
must be kept in tension by the nerves and every ten- 
dency to fall on either side is counterbalanced. " quick 
as thought." by an opposite movement as directed by 
nerve force from the brain, as readily as a train dis- 
patcher from headquarters directs the train and 
prevents collisions. 

A familiar example of the rapidity of nerve force 
is that of the skillful piano player. In this case, not 
only the rapid movement of the several fingers, but the 
rapidity of movement of each separate muscle in each 
finger must be taken into account. 

The above may suffice to draw attention to the simi- 
larity between the nerve force in living animals and 
tlie electricity found in inanimate bodies. We now 
turn to cases in which we know a certain kind of 
nerve force in living animals is known to be electricity 
itself, pure and simple. There are four species of 
fish in which this force may be observed. They are 
fl) the electric eel, _^ytniiotus electrictis: (2) the tor- 
pedo, torpcdiiiidae. (3) a species of catfish, matophcr- 
urus; (4) tclraodon. The electric eels inhabit the 



rivers and ponds of northern South .America. They 
attain the length of five or si.x feet. The natives 
capture these eels by driving a herd of horses into 
ponds inhabited by them. The eels in self-defense 
discharge their electricity into the bodies of the horses, 
which are stunned, terribly frightened, and many 
are killed by the shock as the eels crawl under 
their bodies. The electric powers of the fish becom- 
ing exhausted upon the horses, the former are har- 
pooned and thrown out on shore. The electric ap- 
paratus, which makes this fish so celeljrated, occupies 
a large part of the lower portion of the body and 
consists of four parts, two on each side. This ap- 
paratus consists of 240 membranous cells filled with a 
glutinous matter and connected with 200 pairs of 
ventral spinal nerves, connected with the brain. Here 
the nerve force and the electricity pass over the same 
nerve fibers, and both controlled and directed from 
the brain and the question is, are thev one and the 
same thing? 

The torpedo is distributed through many waters 
but finds a genial habitat in the Mediterranean Sea. 
It attains a width of 2>4 feet and from 4 to 5 feet 
in length and a weight of fifty pounds. Its electrical 
powers seem to be used both for defense and for the 
capture of its prey. The electric apparatus of this 
fish is similar to a galvanic pile. As many as twelve 
hundred prisms. fn)m one to two inches in length, 
have been counted. These extend from the skin on 
the back vertically downward and contain from 250,- 
000 to 300,000 plates forming cells. The ganglia 
from which the nerves arise are larger than the brain 
itself, indicating the great nervous power supplied to 
the battery. The other two electric fishes mentioned 
are insignificant compared with the two described. 

The identity of common electricity and that obtained 
from fishes was ascertained by Dr. Faraday, who 
showed that electric sparks can be obtained from 
the latter, heat evolved, and chemical compounds de- 
composed. He also showed the energy of a 
shock from an electric eel to be equal to that of fifteen 
Leyden jars of 3,500 square inches of surface, hence 
it is not surprising that a number of such shocks 
should stun a horse. 

It is generally admitted that in this age we are 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



155 



yet in our infancy so far as our knowledge of elec- 
tricity is concerned. All we know about it is bow it 
acts or some things it does. No one can tell wbat it 
is. We have discovered the similarity between its 
movements and that of nerve force, that they readily 
pass over the same media and are sometimes gen- 
erated in the same body, hence, we are led to 
ask, " What is the relation between electricity and 
nerve force? Are they identical?" 

Jt .■* ..*8 
A FISH WHICH IS A MIMIC. 

Two species of fish belonging to Cuvier's family of 
perches, named the lesser weever, otterpike, or sting- 
fish, are not uncommon on the English coast. Both 
have a detached portion of the dorsal fin consisting 
of six or seven rays which, the Lancet points out, 
when trodden upon or handled, can cause a painful 
wound, which takes a long time to heal. Dr. A. T. 
Masterman points out that the intense black color of 
the membrane of that portion of the fin must act as a 
danger signal, especially as it is in marked contrast 
with the rest of the skin and of the sand, in which 
the animal half buries and conceals itself, ready to dart 
out on the small crustaceans which form its prey. 

Now. the right pectoral or upper fin of the sole has, 
especially in the young sole, a large, deep, black patch 
the possession of which, the doctor suggests, consti- 
tutes a well marked example of mimicry. The smaller 
fry of soles, like the weevers, inhabit sandy bays and 
shallows, and also partially bury themselves in the 
sand. Dr. Masterman has found that, unlike the 
turbot and plaice, which when disturbed make active 
efforts to swim or escape, the sole lies quiescent even 
to the point of simulating death, but at the same time 
erects sharply and spreads its upper pectoral fin, which 
thus form.s a motionless black flag held upwards in a 
menacing attitude. — Selected. 

t,?v ^^T t^^ 

UNDERSTOOD OUR LANGUAGE. 

Some time ago we had a collie by the name of 
Rex. My driving mare we called Nettie, and if Rex 
ever heard me speak the mare's ^name or say I should 
hitch up and take a drive, no matter in what language 
I voiced my intention, he was on the alert and at the 
door, whining to be allowed to go. as he was ver\' 
fond of ihe mare. The time came when a removal of 
the family to this town forbade keeping the dog. I 
found a willing purchaser and good home for him 
where he is today ; and the day I announced the fact 
at the breakfast table I told my wife not to allow 
Rex to go out. as I would come up and get him in 
time to ship him on the noon train. 

The dog could never be coaxed or driven into the 
cellar, for some unknown reason, but when I came for 
him and searched the house from top to bottom, call- 
ing him constantlv for some time, he was at last dis- 



covered in the farthermost corner of the cellar behind 
some barrels. 

His story has a happy sequel, for he is now the con- 
tented guardian of an old lady who has no children, 
and values the dog beyond price. — Our Dumb Ani- 
mals. 

M :* •.< 

THE SEA BEAVER. 

The sea beaver's bright black eyes are full of in- 
telligence. It is by nature affectionate, and both 
parents are devoted to their little ones. Its love of 
home is strong and abiding, and year after year it 
returns to the same region-, even though the spot may 
often have been the scene of massacre for its com- 
panions. Like its marine cousin, the land otter is' 
full of play and will often lie on its back in the water 
and toss a piece of seaweed from paw to paw as a 
boy tosses a ball. 

When the weather is fair the mother otter's favorite 
pastime is to float about on her back in the calm, 
blue water, holding her baby with her forepaws, while 
she paddles leisurely with her flippers, sometimes 
crooning a plaintive strain. If any danger threatens 
she clasps it to her breast and presents her back to 
the foe. When the reflection of the sun's rays on 
the water dazzles her she looks almost human as 
she lifts her paw and holds it above her eves to shield 
them from the glare. 

The sea otter's curiosity is large, and its " scenting " 
powers are the keenest. It varies its fish diet with 
mussels, clams, crabs, sea urchins, and occasionally a 
tender bit of kelp. Of urchins it is particularly fond. 
It takes one in each forepaw, strikes them together, 
and sucks their contents when the shells break. Its 
favorite dwelling place is among the kelp beds about 
the rocky islets that fringe our northwestern coast. — 
Selected. 

^^ .« .*t 
CURIOUS FLORIDA HERB. 

Almost everybody knows there are such things 
as insectivorous or carnivorous plants, but it is doubt- 
ful if many know we have such a plant growing right 
in south Florida. 

This is an annual herb, says the Punta Gorda 
Herald, and the entire plant, including the flower, is 
of a deep rich red color. It rarely reaches a height 
of more than three inches, and is never so broad. 
The leaves are spatulate when undisturbed, and pre- 
sent many small fibrilte and secrete at their tips a 
tenacious fluid which is capable of holding the small 
insect, such as ants and the like, upon which it feeds. 
When any of these get lodged in the fluid and dis- 
turb these fibrillae the leaves slowdv acquire a deep 
cup shape and sometimes curl completely up over 
the victim. When they have absorbed the insect they 
slowly recover their original shape, leaving only the 
skeleton of the insect remainine. 



156 



TH1-: I X(iLE.\(K)K.— February 16, 1909. 



THE INGLENOOK 

A Weekly Magazine 

PUBLISHED BY 

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Elgin, Illinois 

■Subscription Price, One Dollar per Annum, in Advance 

The Inglenook stands for material and spiritual progress. 

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Watch the label on your paper. It gives the date of the 
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Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin. 111., as Second-class Matter. 

CONGRESS AND THE PRESIDENT. 

The tilt that lias been going on between the President 
and Congress is furnishing the people of the United 
States a great deal of amusement and not a little in- 
struction. They are learning how some things are 
done, or rather how they are not done. If nothing 
more comes of these charges and countercharges 
than the instruction the citizen is getting the big stick 
will have been wielded not in vain. American citi- 
zens have a way of thinking that might be said, in 
some respects, to resemble the power of the hypnotist, 
and the more they know about public affairs, the 
more powerful thinking they do. 

No sane person thinks that the President is always 
right — that he never makes mistakes. — ^but the con- 
tention between him and Congress has not advanced 
the latter in the estimation of the people, in fact has 
made it evident tliat for earnest, disinterested effort in 
behalf of the people it will have to travel long and 
hard to catch .up with the President. 

In some of the President's acts many people have 
seen a disposition to usurp autliority, but when these 
are placed alongside the many in which he has stood out 
as the people's friend and protector it is clearlv seen 
that he lias never liad a thouglit of making his rule 
autocratic. As one writer says. " ft needs not the eve 
of the wise man to see that everv bit of the strength 
which Roosevelt possesses as executive comes to him 
simply and solely because lie has been the true and 
direct representative of the will of our democracy. 
And the same eye can sec beyond a dciulit that the 
weakness and the rage of Congress at this time are 
due to the fact that it is not fulfilling the duties which 
inhere in it and that it objects to having its degen- 
eracy pointed out and brought home to it." 

Abraham Lincoln's well-known .statement abnul fuol- 
ing the people is applicable here. It may take the 
people some time to f^nd out that tliey arc being fooled. 



but afterward there will be little time lost. Informa- 
tion on governmental affairs will help the people to see 
whether their representatives are guarding their in- 
terests or whether they are guarding the interests of 
certain individuals and businesses, and such informa- 
tion is easy to obtain these days. 

fl^^ ^^ v^* 

A MODERN JAILER. 

The subject of our criminals has come in lately for 
a good deal of consideration by our reformers. It is 
pretty generally conceded that the State ought to do 
more than simply punish its criminals, or the punish- 
ment should be of such a nature, or so administered, 
that the man is made better. In the present order of 
things we know that, as a rule, this is not the case. 
Imprisonment generally confirms a man in his down- 
ward tendencies. 

Most of the ideas of reform in this line are yet in 
the theoretical stage and few have the courage to test 
them. Of course some of the ideas are so absurd 
that they should never be taken seriously. But now 
and then there is a man directly connected with prison 
work who is possessed with the idea of making men of 
his prisoners and he avails himself of this opportunity 
to put his theory in practice. It is no doubt through 
the efforts of such men — prison keepers who themselves 
are deeply interested in the future welfare of their men 
— that a change in the treatment of prisoners is to 
come. 

Such a man is John L. Whitman, jailer of the 
Bridewell in Chicago. About two years ago we called 
the attention of our readers to his work. \\'c now 
give them additional knowledge of his theories and 
of how they are working out. We are indebted to the 
Home Herald for our information. The writer of 
the article reports an interview which he had with Mr. 
Whitman. We give only a part of it The jailer be- 
gan by answering the interviewer's question as to 
what he thought about running a jail. 

" ' Fundamentally,' he began, and his eyes glistened 
with the joy of a man who is telling his favorite story, 
' fundamentally, a jail ought to be a whole lot like a 
hospital. Ours is. W'e have each individual case 
diagnosed, and our • subsequent treatment is given 
in accordance with that diagnosis. It is my task, of 
course, and that of my assistants, to judge of the 
moral character and needs of the men, but iTefore you 
can do much for a man morally you have got to get 
him physically well, and that takes doctors. 

You know." he smiled, ' the general scheme in an 
institution of this kind is to have one doctor who 
works, when he works at all, telling men that there 
is nothing the matter with them when they are report- 
ed sick. That used to be the situation here, but it 
is no longer. \\''e have a house physician, as we al- 
ways have had, but he spends all his time at the 
'i'ork now : he is fired with an ambition which makes 



THE I NGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



157 



him a power. Then there are three internes and a 
medical nurse and a surgical nurse, an eye, ear and 
nose specialist who is here two days a week, and 
three surgeons who come one day a week to operate. 
Every one of them is a professor in one of the big 
medical colleges ; there they are,' and he pushed over 
a paper on which were the names of three different 
mien whose reputations are more than State-wide. 
' Every man that comes here is given a bath and a 
medical examination and a clean suit of clothes in 
that order. And, do you know, the examinations 
show fifty per cent of the men in need of physical 
treatment and nine out of ten of the boys? That ex- 
plains something about the reason for crime. 

" ' What they get here is a whole lot different from 
what their ideas of a jail have led them to expect. 
It's curious to see their attitude towards it, curious — 
and pathetic, too. After their natural distrust 
wears off and they catch the idea that we are here 
not merely to guard them, but to help them, too, the 
improvement begins right away. 

" ' Here's an illustration : Thanksgiving Day we 
had an exercise in the chapel — something to make tlie 
day a little dift'erent from the rest. And when I got 
up to open the program, the men cheered so that for 
five minutes I actually couldn't begin. That shows a 
little something about their attitirde towards us ; don't 
you think so ? ' 

" I did think so, and I said so. And I asked him 
to give me a list of all the other jails in which the 
prisoners have ever been known to cheer their jailers 
for five minutes. 

• " ' Well, it wouldn't be a long list,' he said, ' and 
that's the pity of it. The accepted prison philosophy 
is so different from ours. I have been familiar with 
it ev»r since I stumbled into this work sixteen years 
ago, and there has been mighty little change in the 
general idea in that time. Prisons are for the punish- 
ment of the criminal; that is the accepted notion. 
When society has apprehended liini and shut him up, 
it has done its duty, and has no further concern with 
him. The idea of reformation is jeered at. We arc 
experiencing the depressing effect of the habitual 
philosophy every day ; every reform which we have 
ever attempted has been with all the opposition which 
the old-liners could luring against it. " Whitman, 
you're foolish." they say: "go back and keep your 
jail doors locked tight and increase the revenues of 
the institution, and you'll be doing all that's expect- 
ed of you. And forget these wild ideas."' That's 
the sort of talk I've heard so long that I am calloused 
to it. But my ideas are not wild. In the first place 
they make money, for they put spirit into the inmates 
at their work, and in the scond place they make 
men.' 

Mr. Whitman then gfave two illustrations of the 



reformation of men to prove the soundness of his 
theories. 

" ' But,' said the interviewer, ' there is one thing I 
don't understand. You speak of these men as coming 
to you and talking with you. How can they? How 
can a prisoner come and talk to his jailer?' 

" ' That's another of my wild theories,' said Mr. 
Whitman, and at this he smiled a very pleasant smile. 
' Every Sunday morning at the services I announce 
that any of the men who wish to see me personally 
may remain after the services. Then I talk with 
each one alone. Sometimes one has a grievance that 
I can adjust, but in nine cases out of ten they stay to 
tell me that they want to brace up and to get my ad- 
vice and help. Do you know, last Sunday ninety- 
eight staid to talk with me? It took all day long to 
get through the list, but I did it ; it pays.' 

" We went out through the iron doors and into the 
shops. There was an air of contented industry in 
the building. Men in blue coats, not striped, and with 
all their hair, nodded pleasantly to the jailer as we 
passed among them ; the guards were noticeably few, 
and, though watchful, had nothing of that air of cun- 
ning which is common to their ilk. In one building 
the men were making shoes ; in another women were 
making the clothes the inmates wear. ( )thers were 
printing, some quarrying in the great hole behind the 
prison, and in one little building, set off by itself, a 
dozen husky fellows were busily engaged in baking 
great loaves of sweet-smelling bread. 

" ' I suppose you noticed there was no guard in 
there?' Mr. ^^'hil^lan remarked as we left the bak- 
ery. I had noticed it and wondered at it. ' The 
guard came to me this morning to tell me that his 
little son was sick at the hospital. He broke down as 
he talked, and I said : " Go and stay with your son 
today." So he went, and these are his men.' 

" The noon whistle blew as we walked about, and 
up from the quarries and the factories they came, 
trooping along, with the air of men who have done a 
satisfactory work and can eat their meal in hope. 
There was no lock-step. As they passed through the 
gates two of their number counted them in striflent 
tones and tlie guards on the wall below noted the 
figures. But except for that they went as any other 
group of laborers from their toil. 

" There is opposition to John T.. ^^^litman. of 
course, and there will continue to he until, people 
learn the lesson he is teaching — that society is best 
protected bv an institution which turns out men, not 
punished merely, but reformed." 
.t .^t -t 
NOTICE. 

Be sure to read "A Business -Deal," by Hattie 
Preston Rider, on the next page. Call the attention 
of the boys and girls to it : it may help them to make 
the right start in the business world. 



158 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 




The Home World 



A BUSINESS DEAL 



HATTIE PRESTON RIDER 



UxcLE Fraxk puslied open the door and came into 
the sitting-room, breezy and glowing. " It's gloi iously 
cold!" he announced; "Halloo!" — suddenly catch- 
ing sight of his nephew lounging in the big easy-chair. 
" Home on a working-day, Harry? Xot sick. I hope." 

The young man looked embarrassed. " Fve left 
the shop." he answered, half-sullenly. 

Uncle Frank drew a chair toward him and sat 
down. " Xot for good. I hope," he said, regretfully. 
" Crane & Barrett's is an excellent place. They're the 
best business men I know. \\'hat was the matter, 
Harr>'?" 

" I had to work over time," his nephew answered, 
defiantly, but the deepening color in his face told that 
he was ashamed of the excuse. " I was dead tired ; 
besides, there was a good show in town, and I wanted 
to see it. I asked the foreman for my evening off, 
and he wouldn't give it, so I took it, anyway. When 
I went back next morning, he told me I could have 
all my evenings and days too. He was so crabbed I 
was glad to leave. I wouldn't take a job there now, 
even if they ofTered it to me. You'd have been tired 
of it yourself. Uncle Frank. Twelve hours a day. for 
three straight weeks ! " 

" During the holiday rush," Uncle Frank supple- 
mented. He raised his eyebrows with a quizzical 
smile. " Thirty years ago, when George Crane started 
in his little one-story shop on Ashe street, he used to 
put in sixteen hours of solid work a day for six 
.months at a time, and keep his own books besides. 
How much do you suppose that furniture plant is 
worth today, Harry?" 

Harry did not answer. Crane & P.arrett were 
the heaviest ta.xpayers in the city. 

" Being rich is no excuse for overworking tlieir 
help," he said at last, doggedly. 

" It is a waste of tirne to criticise, the other fellow. 
I find." Uncle Frank remarked, kindly. " Don't 
think, either, that I'm criticising you. If you had 



just returned from -an automobile trip to San Fran- 
cisco, and I were starting on the same jaunt, I should 
take it very thankfully indeed if you advised me as to 
the best route. Besides, a boy that stronglv resembles 
you gave me pointers on lobbing in that tennis tour- 
nament last summer, that won me my match. Don't 
you think I'd be doing the ungrateful thing, if I kept 
silent while I saw you making the mistake of your 
life?" ' ' . 

The hard lines on Harry's face softened. 

" I know you mean well. Uncle Frank." he acknowl- 
edged, in a subdued voice, " hut you weren't in my 
place." 

" .A.h ! But I have been, lad, exactly ; and what's 
more, I made the identical mistake you're making. 
I was years righting myself, after it. I tell you, 
Harry, a fellow starting out at eighteen is really a 
merchant setting up in business; just that. Only, he's 
selling his labor instead of coats or potatoes or ribbons. 
Now. first of all, you have a tiptop common-.school 
education, penmanship very fair, fingers not all 
thumbs, thanks to that course in manual training. 
.\lso, we must admit, since we are taking actual in- 
ventory, you are honest, intelligent, and well-man- 
nered. Tliere, lad, that's the stock-in-trade with which 
your Heavenly Father has set you up. A pretty 
fair outfit, I should sav. 

" Now, what are the methods of a successful dealer 
in staples? Faithfulness and industry, of course; but 
next after those, and just as essential, is another: 
lie iiiiisi hold cz'cry citci\i^y to create a live market for 
his xvares, and at any cost make good. That's the 
point, Harry. Do you see it? A fellow must get up 
so desirable a reputation for the labor he has to sell, 
that it will command the very highest price in the 
market. The man that wishes to buy another's labor, 
whether it be of the head or hand, is willing to pay 
a first-class price for a first-class article, exactly as 
if it were a piano or a peck of apples. You mustn't 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 16. 1909. 



159 



do anything to spoil your labor market, to get your 
wares branded as slow sellers, for the man or boy 
that puts up a poor article quickly comes to be known 
among the employers who constitute that market. 
And faithfulness and willingness are the very first 
qualities a purchaser looks for."' 

" Well, I guess I've done just the thing I oughtn't. 
then," Harry said, ruefully, as his uncle paused. " I 
didn't realize it, though. I thought a fellow had to 
show his independence, in order to make other people 
respect him. I was simply Iw)ncsick for work before 
I'd been out twenty-four hours ; but I don't suppose 
Crane & Barrett would take me back now. if I worked 
for nothing. That's the way it always goes, seeing 
your mistake when it is too late." 

" It is never too late to do one's best to straighten 
out matters," Uncle Frank responded. (|uickly. He 
was silent a moment, and then added, earnestly: 

" Just now it's your stint, lad. before you try to 
sell any more of your goods, to put yourself right with 
a customer you used rather unfairly. If I were you. 
I'd go back to that foreman and make an honest 
manly apology. It is of far greater consequence than 
your finding employment again." 

The slow red crept into Harry's face once more. 
His uncle could hardly have set him a more uncongen- 
ial task. But he answered at last : 

" I'll think of it. Uncle Frank." 

A week later, swinging sturdily u]3 the avenue. 
Uncle Frank nearly ran against a slender, bright- 
faced boy walking briskly in the opposite direction. 

" Oho ! " a familiar voice called, laughingly. " What 
do you mean. Uncle Frank, b\- trying a head-on colli- 
sion with one of the busiest business men of vour own 
city?" 

Uncle Frank stared ; then a broad smile broke over 
his face. 

" Lad ! You don't mean it ! " he exclaimed, grip- 
ping the boy's hand heartily. 

" Yes, I do," Harry nodded " Selling my goods to 
Crane & Barrett again, and at a better margin than 
before. It was the straightening up of that old deal 
did it. too, uncle." He laughed once more, but there 
was a suspiciously uneven note in his voice. 

" Praise the Lord ! " Uncle Frank said. He looked 
after the boy proudly, as the latter hurried away. " I 
wish we had about a million more such business men 
growing up around us." he added to himself. It did 
not occur to him to mention the desirability of an 
equal number of such confidential advisers for them. 
,M ,•« .,•{ 
THE TRAGEDY OF THE CHILDLESS HOME. 

The coming of the Christ sanctified child life and 
placed a crown of beauty and glory on the head of 
every little boy and girl. Only that home is a happy 
one where there is the patter of little feet and the 



ring of childish laughter. God gives to a man and a 
woman his best gifts when he gives them children. 
Every child that comes into our lives is a proof of 
his love. I have nothing but pity for the childless 
woman. ^lany of them can blame themselves alone. 
They do not want children ; they are the women who 
want a good time. The story of their lives is one of 
sadness. It's a long, tireless round of whist parties 
and dances, while home and husband are neglected. 
It's the theater night after night and the late return 
which finds them weary and without interest in life. 
Such women do not know the meaning of a woman's 
best nature. They know not why it is that God has 
given them a pair of hands. It is in order that they 
may have an opportunity of helping God to guide the 
little feet into the paths of righteousness. They have 
never known the cooing of a little child, the voice of 
an angel's song. 

What will become of these childless women in future 
days.^ The day will come when the husband is dead 
and they are left in lonely widowhood. I saw 
a beautiful picture in a well-known hotel the 
other day. .\n old lady sat by the window con- 
tentedly knitting, when suddenly a young man of 
perhaps thirty years rushed up and threw his arms 
around her neck and said. " Mother." It was her 
son, grown up now and married, but always her 
" boy." Her husband has been dead for many years, 
but she finds in their son a new life and a new in- 
spiration. Because he lives, the closing days of life 
have been made bright and happy for her. 

Much of the disgrace culminating in the great num- 
ber of divorces is due to the decay of home ties, be- 
cause in so many homes there are no children. There is 
no perfect union unless it be blessed by a birth. The 
security of the home lies in the coming into it of little 
ones who will bind husband and wife closer together 
and raise up new and powerful interests beside which 
their dififerences sink into insignificance. — William 
Spur^eon. D. D., in Home Herald. 

(i5* (5* ^* 

READING FOR THE HOME. 

O.VE of the most vital matters in the home life of 
every family is the question as to what reading shall 
be provided for the entertainment and instruction of 
the different members of the family circle. 

The importance of having good reading matter in 
every home cannot be emphasized too strongly. It is 
as essential to provide material for the culture of the 
mind and soul as to furnish food for the body, and to 
select the right kind of mental and spiritual nourish- 
ment demands perhaps greater care and attention than 
to supply suitable provision for the needs of the body. 

What we read influences us for time and for eter- 
nity. Our ideals in life are framed largely according 
to that which we read. Through books which bring 
to us the very " life blood of master minds " we re- 



160 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



ceive incentive for livins. wliicli lifts us to the highest 
planes of thought and action. 

The moral character of the literature which enters 
our homes is a matter of transcendent importance. 
While good reading ennobles, bad reading degrades 
and destroys the spiritual life of young and old alike. 
The human soul cannot feed upon that which is evil 
in literature and expect that the result will be any- 
thing but bad. 

The periodical press constitutes a very large por- 
tion of the reading matter that enters the great major- 
itv of homes at the present time. In selecting a paper 
for the familv circle it is therefore desirable to secure 
the best that can be obtained, for the repeated visits 
of a periodical contribute one of the most potent 
moulding influences at w^ork in the home. 

Whatever other publications may be taken, every 
familv should have a strong Christian periodical 
whose regular visits may minister to the highest spirit- 
ual needs of all the members of the household.— £.r- 

^C ^^ (,?• 

THE BEST HOUR. 

■■ Get down on the floor here, daddy, 

Get down on the floor and play," 
And that is the song my baby 

Sings to me at close of day. 
" Get down on the floor and tumble. 

Get down with me, daddy, do; 
Get down on the floor now, daddy, 

Me 'ants to sit down on you." 

Then overboard goes the paper, 

,\nd down on the floor goes dad; 
And onto him clambers baby, 

And baby is more than glad; 
And daddy's a horse and wagon. 

Or daddy's a ship at sea. 
And rolls with a little baby 

.\s happy as she can be. 

And, oh, but that ship is careful; 

The waves may foam and curl. 
But never the ship goes plunging 

Too much for the baby girl, 
.\nd never the horse gets fractious. 

Or plunges or jumps aside 
So much as to mar the pleasure 

Of the wee little girl astride. 

Oh, good is the hour of gloaming, 

When labor is put aside 
.And daddy becomes a horsey 

A wee little girl may ride; 
Or daddy becomes a phmging 

Big ship on the stormy seas. 
And is guided and captained onward 

By a baby with dimpled knees. 

— Houston Post. 

^5* ^^ ^^^ 

" Strive and do all you can to make the winter 
evenings ever memorable on account of the solid com- 
fort enjoyed by your family. It will be time well 
spent. Turn the home into a love factory." 



DISCIPLINE. 

In nine cases out of ten a man's life will not be a 
success if he does not bear burdens in his childhood. 
If the fondness or the vanity of the father or mother 
has kept him from hard work; if another always 
helped him out at the end of his row; if, instead of 
taking his turn at pitching off he stowed away all the 
time — in short, if what was light fell to him, and 
what was heavy about the work to someone else ; if 
he has been permitted to shirk until shirking has be- 
come a habit, unless a miracle has been wrought, his 
life will be a failure, and the blame will not be half 
so much his as that of his weak and foolish parents. 

On the other hand, if a boy has been brought up 
to do his part, never allowed to shirk responsibility. 
or to dodge work, whether or not it made his head 
ache, or soiled his hands, until bearing burdens has 
become a matter of pride, the heavy end of the wood 
his choice, parents, as they bid him good-bye, may dis- 
miss their fear. The elements of success are his, and 
at some time and in some way the world will recognize 
his capacity. — Christum Advocate. 

(,?• (5* <5* 

DIOXYGEN FOR THE MOUTH. 

The merits of dioxygen as a mouth wash are not 
as well realized as they should be. It is easy to get 
and not expensive. A stoppered glass bottle of it 
should be on every washstand. 

After eating, if one hasn't time to brush the teeth, 
the mouth should be rinsed out with diluted dioxygen. 
It is a strong antiseptic, keeps the teeth from decay- 
ing and protects the top of the mouth and gums from 
soreness or from creating and emanating a disagree- 
able odor. 

The toothbrush should always be dipped in a little 
of it and brushed over the teeth and gums at morning 
and night, even after tooth-paste is used. The latter 
merely cleans the teeth. It does not disinfect the 
mouth. People do not pay enough attention to the 
inside of their mouths, even though they may be 
scrupulous about their teeth.- — Selected. 

1^ «.?* t^ 

WHEN COLD, BREATHE DEEPLY. 

A SIMPLE way to get warm after exposure to cold 
is to take a long breath with the mouth firmly shut. 
Repeat this several times until you begin to feel the 
heat returning. It requires a very short time to do 
this. The long breath, according to the Family Doc- 
tor, quickens the pulse and thus causes the blood to 
circulate faster. The blood flows into all parts of 
the veins and arteries and gives out a great deal of 
heat. It is stated that this method of deep breathing 
prevents colds and a great many other ailments if 
begun in time. — Culled. 

" The lazy man has little trouble with the letter of 
the -Sabbath law." 



THE I NGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



161 



TOMATOES FROM THE GARDEN IN JUNE. 

By growing tomatoes on stakes and watering in 
a rather novel way I obtained a crop of unusually 
large tomatoes on June 21st, many of the fruits weigh- 
ing over a pound. 

I did not possess a hotbed, but prepared a seedbed 
in the sunniest spot in the garden. Three feet of the 
old soil was removed and replaced by two feet of 
manure, on top of which one foot of good potting 
soil was firmly packed. Early in February I planted 
seed of Chalk's Early Jewel, fitted over the top of 
the seedbed an old glass window sash, banked ma- 
nure around the sides, and covered the glass with 
straw mats. 

As soon as the tiny plants appeared I gave them 
light, using the mats at night only. During warm, 
sunny days I raised the glass to admit air. so that 
the plants would harden. 

On May 6th I set in permanent places in the garden 
110 thrifty plants, most of which were budded. They 
were planted two and one-half feet apart each way 
and trained to stakes, and I thereby secured from the 
same ground about three times as many tomatoes, 
which were larger, better, and much earHer than those 
produced by the usual methods. 

Between each row of plants a piece of pipe was 
set on end (a leaky tin can would do as well) and 
filled with water twice a day during dry weather. 
The plants more than paid for this little trouble by 
rapid and sturdy growth. — The Garden Magazine. 



The Children's Corner 



LISTEN, BOYS! 

1. Tre.\t your mother as politely as if she were 
a strange lady. 

2. Be as kind and helpful to your sister as to other 
boys' sisters. 

3. Don't grumble or refuse to do some errand 
which must be done, and which otherwise takes the 
time of some one who has more to do. 

4. Have your mother and your sister for your best 
friends. 

5. Find some amusement for the evening that all 
the family can join in, large and small. 

6. Be a gentleman at home. 

7. Cultivate a cheerful temper. 

8. If you do anything wrong, take your mother 
into your confidence. 

9. Never lie about anything you have done. 

10. Never boast of your own achievements. If you 
have done a noble deed it will speak for itself. — Select- 
ed. 



A FORGIVENESS ACCOUNT. 

John and his sister Gladys were out at the front 
of the house. Gladys was making a bead necklace 
for her doll. The bears were on a little work-table 
beside her. John was playing at trains. His traiit 
was an old box-cart, his new wagon was a coach foi' 
the passengers, and Gladys' doll-carriage for the; 
" first-class " passengers. He was the engine and was 
steaming and whistling loudly. 

" Don't come here, John." said Gladys, as he came 
near the table. 

" Puff, puff," went this snorting human engine. 

" Take care ! " cried Gladys again, as he came near- 
er to the table, " you'll spill my beads." Away John 
went, and soon forgot his sister's warning. The 
train came round tlie corner, and before he knew, 
the table was upset, and the beads scattered in all 
directions. 

" O John ! " creid Gladys, with angry face, " what 
did I tell you?" 

" I'm awfully sorry," said John, as he helped to pick 
up the beads. John was always sorry, but it did not 
make him careful. Gladys did not answer for a mo- 
ment, but then she said, " Never mind, Jolm, I'll for- 
give you." She had remembered the lesson she 
heard the previous Sunday about Jesus' telling 
Peter how he had to forgive his brother seventy 
times seven. Gladys was a passionate child, but had 
resolved to obey Jesus. She had been saying to her-- 
self — although John did not know — " I will forgive* 
him four hundred and ninety times, but after that — "" 
She sliut her lips tight. " I'll keep a forgiveness ac- 
count," she thought, " so as to know when it's seventy 
times seven." Before she went to bed she wrote at 
the top of a clean page in her last year's copy-book : 
"List of the Times I Forgive John." 

-\nd under this : 
" Monday — For spilling my beads." 

Then she rememibered that that very day she had 
upset a block tower John built to show father when 
he came horiie, and John had not been the least cross 
with her. " I suppose I ought to count that on the 
other side," she said. She then wrote on the opposite 
page: 

" The Times John Forgives Me. 

" Monday — For knocking down his tower." 

That made them even. 

And so day after day went on. 

One day she had a longer list, and another day 
John had it — often they were even : and Gladys was 
beginning to feel very humble, and said to herself: 
" I guess if I forgive all I can without keeping any 
list, it will take me all my life to make four hundred 
and ninety times. Perhaps, after all. that was what 
Jesus meant. I will try. Dear Lord, help me to for- 
give always, as I wish to be forgiven," — Friend for 
Bovs and Girls. 



162 



THE I NGLEiVOUk'.— February 16, 1909.. 



The 




Hour 



THE TRAGICAL ELEMENT IN A HOLY IDEAL. 

U I L' 1 1 AKH IlKA I' X STKI X . 
Ye men of Galilee, why st.ind ye gazing up into heaven? 
(See Acts 1: 11.) 

Our text forces itself withoiu any preliminaries, 
rig-lit to the heart of the despondent disciples. The 
two heavenly visitors only translated what they saw 
written on the faces of the gazers into the clouds, by 
the pointed question. "Why are you looking up?" 
And the same question would have been asked in the 
first person, if they had given voice to the countless 
thoughts trooping their minds, and each, in return, 
pleading for expression. 

It was a moment of intense retrospection. They 
had in mind the cherished hope of sitting on his 
right and on his left, and the intensity of their am- 
bitions and designs had precipitated a dissimulation. 
Now all was settled. He was gone. How tame and 
prosy fishing- after hearing such startling truths as 
were daily brought to light by the Master! Could 
they continue the work, feeding the multitude and 
bending low under the weight of an ever-increasing 
burden as they must experience? 

It was a moment of introspection because they 
were unqualified for carrying out the work of Christ. 
They were incapacitated for any other engagement. 
.\ vision disables a man for following any other line 
of work. All the other faculties must be emptied 
into the faculty that lifts a man nearest his ideal. The 
step from the Master's side to the fishing net no soul 
will take without a pang of anguish. The pride of 
man balks, decending the hill of success. 

Christ had led them from the crowrl to the Mount 
of Olives. The winding footpath was lined with stag- 
gering vines and half dead olive trees. Here and 
there a slender palm stood in sombre loneliness as 
a crestfallen sentinel guarding a forsaken cause and 
not far bcliind them the brook Kedron. bathed the 
feet of the Moimt of Corruption where Solomon had 
built his temple for his strange women, .\fter the 
great commission had rolled with rhythmical ca- 
dence, from his lips, the Rook significantly adds : 
" As he blessed them, a cloud received him out of their 
sight," causing the question of the angels. 



When the thought of a man's responsibility comes 
upon him, he undergoes a process of self-abasemerat : 
the weight of the burden bends the soul. They had 
leaned on him through all difficulties — now they 
must test their own strength. They mnst conquer or 
die. When the sea becomes enraged no gentle Master 
walks the waves in peace, quelling _ the storm. The 
training they had received from him had broken all 
their idols, and standing guard over the shattered frag- 
ments of their erstwhile hopes and fancies, they inly 
groaned for something substantial Tlieir inability 
to execute the plan burned their, hearts — to them it 
was impMDssible. The feeling of one's responsi])ility 
is an earnest of his ultimate success. Long nights 
of vigil, toil, visions that disturb contentment, are 
necessary for the qualifications of life. Some of us 
already have felt the depth of that call crushing our 
souls, and bathing our pillows with tears. The teacher, 
responsible for the success of a number of souls, feels 
the same burden. In the same proportion as one 
realizes the responsibility of i Christian character, to 
that degree is the tragical aspect of his ideal real- 
ized. 

God's cause is a delicate one. Beware how the 
ark is touched ! That David on whose hands is the 
blood of his fellow-man, though his music mav rival 
that of Orpheus, his countenance that of Apollo, 
yet he will never build for Jehovah, God, a temple. 
The very inherent value of the cause crushed those 
men, and like Menelaus, when at his feet he saw his 
sword broken to pieces, and his ashen spear mis- 
spent in vacant air, they threw to the wild skies their- 
trembling hands and prayed. The Saul who refuses 
to wait for the command of God. but sacrifices with 
his bloody hands, after having died a thousand worse 
than deaths, will find death at last while the swift- 
winged arrows of the enemy riddle his burning breast. 
Could we grind that into our teachers and preachers — 
that inherent purity is essential to imparting truth to 
others! The sins of the pulpits and the giddiness of 
the teachers are api)alling. The lack of reverence in 
the house of God is a disgrace. The impurities of its 
messengers are the greatest barriers in the wav of 



THE INGLENOOK.— Februarv 16, 1909. 



163 



Christianity. The teacher, or preacher, who refuses 
to offer a remedy for a sick soul is a criminal. 

The question of money must not be discounted, as 
it is an important factor in the propagation of Chris- 
tianit\-. There are some problems which nothing but 
money can solve. The eleven disciples saw the on- 
coming disaster of their efforts because means were 
lacking. The messenger of God is held at a discount 
when clothed in jeans. A man is not at himself in 
debt. He longs for the freedom of the one who owes 
no one. Those friendless and penniless men had to 
propagate a truth that only piled on their defenseless 
heads increasing poverty. The young man of strait- 
ened circumstances who catches the vision of life's 
work begins to complain at once of his lack of money. 
Often he turns his longing eyes to the dying sun, 
sinking behind the rolling plains, in the sea of fire, 
and -pictures each radiant shaft of light shot across 
the western boundaries of the crimson skies, bars of 
gold all his own to defray schooling expenses. Poor 
men ! What they must have felt. Clothed in rags, 
footsore, and heartless, a world to conquer and the 
extent of their qualifications determined by the vacant 
stare into the hastening clouds. 

The man who fishes for the soul must keep the 
brain busy while he casts about with the gospel net. 
Wouldst thou fish men, then bait thy hook with brains. 
Illiteracy is the bane of progress. Those disciples 
knew that through their own strength they could not 
command the attention of the strongest minds. John 
could love, but must want for another to unfold the 
doctrine of love. Eleven men will witness, one Paul 
will unravel the philosophical intricacies. Peter, full 
of impulsiveness, mistakes and tears, has already 
cursed like a demon and wept like a woman, still he 
dares to turn his tearful eyes to the leaden skies, 
seeking the way of truth. Do you long for an edu- 
cation, so that you can command the respect of men ? 
It is bought with blood. Would you walk through 
snow with pieces of carpet tied about your feet, like 
Thurlow Weed, to borrow a book? Would you tie 
tighter and tighter a girdle about your body to ap- 
pease hunger, like Samuel Deen ? Can you eat saw- 
" dust without butter to become the lawyer Chilty? 
The road to knowledge is one that tears the brow with 
thorns and exhausts the heart with disappointment. 
There was nothing about them that appealed to 
society, neither the color of their blood nor the attrac- 
tiveness of their vocation. Tliey would not be heard 
by that class of society which would be influential 
when won. Their energy must be expended on the 
outskirts of society, catching now and then a decredit, 
worth nothing after having been caught. There is 
nothing more discourageing than realizing the worth- 
lessness of the material one has to work on. The 
wonder is that the disciples attempted it at all. 

He who discovers a new truth must be a martvr 



to that truth. Society demands an experiment on 
the inventor. 'Twas then as it is now, and the dis- 
ciples knew it. ^Mankind would refuse them as it had 
their Master. To be fought by the object of one's . 
love is the greatest source of pain ! The redeemer 
of society will be an outcast by society. The driz- 
zling rain percolating through the bosoms of the lashed 
and chastening clouds caused the treader of eastern 
thoroughfares to draw more tightly about him his 
Roman tunic, and entering a dingy alley a middle-aged 
man is seen resting on his left knee and with his right 
elbow on his riglit knee he sews on a pile of damp, 
mildewed and fetid canvas. 

" Why is it, C) fated man, selected from the walks 
of man, to feel tlie chastening rod of an apparently 
listless God, that thou dost seek companionship in the 
brains of Pliny or comfort in the scholarship of Taci- 
tus? Is it explained by a mystic dream or an idle 
fancy, the secret of thy enfolding thyself in such a 
glory garment of loneliness ? " From his task the 
philosopher and apostle lifts his massive brow and 
with tremulous lips replies : " Love seeketh not her 
own." Every truth man introduces, society says to 
the inventor, " We will experiment your truth on 
yourself." Dig on young man ! You will win the 
respect of men only as you bleed for them. The vision 
came to the disciples only as the result of a course of 
training. Aspiring youth, remain passive — thoughts 
are swarming about you that will make you great. 

The secret of their success lay in the universal con- 
solation, " I am with you alway, even unto the con- 
summation of the eternities." There can be no success 
without the abiding presence of Jesus. 

The method of Jesus is the method of preeminence. 
There can be no full fruition of one's life unless that 
Hfe suffers death. Oh, that we may die for the love 
of God ; then each respective soul will rise a star ! 

•,.?• t?* 1^* 

THE WORLD'S GREAT ONES. 

The man who drives on, regardless of others, gets 
things done ; the man who weighs and considers, who 
consults others and avoids antagonisms, gets himself 
loved. Which course shall we choose? In a measure 
the choice is made for us by temperament. We are 
such as we were born — men of action or men of delib- 
eration. Yet it is possible judiciously to combine the 
two opposing tempers. A man may be like a flint in his 
devotion to principle and a perfect tornado of energy 
in bringing things to pass and yet be gentle, .sympathet- 
ic and considerate in his dealing with people. It is 
the men who by nature or by grace succeed in weld- 
ing into one these contrary elements who are the 
world's great ones. — Xasln'ille Christian Adiocatc. 

f^^ t?* ti5* 

God has two dwellings — one in heaven, and the other 
in a meek and thankful heart. — Isaac Walton. 



164 



THl': IXCil.lCXOOK.— I'cbruarv 16, IWA 



Echoes from Everywhere 




In West Virginia, there is, in the " dry " counties, but 
one convict for every 4,022 of population. In striking 
contrast MacDowell County, which is " wet," shows an 
average of one convict for every 190 of population. 



The Sultan of Turkey has decided to build, at his own 
expense, a new parliament house which will amply ac- 
commodate the two branches of the legislature. This is 
taken as a sure sign that the con.stitution will not be 
revoked. 



Secretary Wilson is about to take steps to investigate 
the uses to which cocaine, caffeine and certain chloral 
hydrates are put, with a view to putting a stop to their 
use in any way that will tend to fasten the drug habit 
upon their consumers. 

Kansas has gone into partnership with the harvester 
trust. The International Harvester Company is to pay 
a fine of $60,000 and to submit to State control of the 
business in Kansas. The company is prohibited from 
making exclusive contracts of any kind. 



Many of the admirers of ex-President Eliot, of Har- 
vard, feel that the country will be the gainer through 
his retirement from the university which he has so long 
headed. As head of the National Civil Service Reform 
League, the value and range of his services cannot be 
estimated. 



United States District Attorney Sims has filed suit 
against the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad for 
violation of the law prohibiting the working of train dis- 
patchers over nine hours a daj'. Seven violations are 
charged. Fines aggregating $3,500 may l)c imposed. This 
is the first case to be brought by the government under 
the new law. 



The taking of testimony in the trial of the action 
brought against the American Sugar Refining Company 
by the government, alleging fraud in the weighing of 
shipments during the past six years, was begun Feb, 5 
before Judge Holtin the United States District Court in 
New York City. The amount of "custom.s duties in ar- 
rears sought to be recovered is $2,124,121. 



Five thousand Chinese corpses, bound for their final 
resting places in the Flowery Kingdom, left Brooklyn 
Feb. 10 on the steamer Shimosa. The bodies of the dead 
celestials were disinterred from burying grounds all over 
the United States and placed in sealed caskets which in 
turn were enclosed in pine boxes, each labeled with the 
name and history of its silent occupant and stored be- 
tween decks on the ship. When the Shimosa reaches 
China the bodies will be sent to the localities from which 
the dead Chinamen came. 



Plans have been perfected for the merger of all the 
l)ig cement plants in the country. The aggregate cap- 
ital will be $200,000,000. Lawyers say the plan is proof 
against the Sherman anti-trust law. 



The flood situation in many parts of Germany contin- 
ues to grow worse, the melting snow causing the already 
swollen streams to leave their banks. Large loss of life 
is reported. The Eltz, the Rhine and the Oder are still 
rising and the lower sections of Frankfort-on-the-Main 
are flooded. The dykes are threatened and police boats 
have been stationed along the streams to rescue the peo- 
ple. 



The question of cross-ties is becoming a serious one 
with railroads in the United States, and just recently 
one of the big companies sent its timber manager over 
into the Orient to study and report upon conditions there, 
.\mong other things that the manager learned was that 
the Japanese began to take care of their forests about 
300 years ago, and as a result Japan is now selling cross- 
ties in the United States and ]\Iexico, despite the fact 
that there is a duty of 20 per cent on each tie. 



A few changes have been made in the cabinet of the 
present administration during the past few months, and 
the following are the President's advisers at present: Sec- 
retary of state, Robt. Bacon; secretary of treasury, Geo. 
B. Cortelyou; secretary of war, Luke E. Wright: attor- 
ney general, Chas. J. Bonaparte; postmaster general, Geo. 
von L. Meyer; secretary of navy, Truman H. Newberry; 
secretary of interior, Jas. R. Garfield; secretary of agri- 
culture, Jas. Wilson; secretary of commence and labor, 
Oscar S. Straus. 



Savings banks derive no small profit from the unclaimed 
deposits left with them. About $1,000,000 of such un- 
claimed savings has accumulated in the last thirty years 
in the Massachusetts banks, and according to a decision 
of the courts the State is to get this money— though, of 
course, it has no right whatever to it. The banks ar- 
gued that they had the first right to the graft, but the 
judge thought it belonged to the State, on the same prin- 
ciple presumably that gives all " treasure trove " to the 
king in monarchial countries. 



A publishing house is planning to bring out the long- 
awaited complete edition of the works of Count Leo Tol- 
stoi, an undertaking that up to the present time has been 
impossible in Russia because of the censorship and the 
difficulties in the matter of paying royalties. Under the 
present arrangement royalties to the amount of $250,000 
will be paid in annual installments of $25,000. It is de- 
clared that with the approval of Premier Stolypin the cen- 
sored works of the Count will be included in this edition, 
which will number about twenty-five volumes. 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 16 1909. 



165 



Thirty manufacturers of wallpaper, representing the 
largest wallpaper mills in the country, in session recently 
in New York City organized the Wallpaper Manufactur- 
ers' Association of the United States, to take the place 
of the Continental Wallpaper Company, which was volun- 
tary liquidated several years ago. The purpose of the 
new organization is announced as to bring the manufac- 
turers into closer business and social relations with es- 
pecial interest in legislative and tariff matters. 



The government of tlic ^Mikado believes in giving a 
criminal a chance after he has served his time in prison, 
so the Japanese penal code has been amended so as to 
provide that punishment shall be full expiation, and the 
term of confinement wipes out the convict's offense. On 
account of his crime no one may ostracise him, and he 
must not be refused employment because he has been a 
convict, nor is he to be discharged except for other causes. 
Furthermore, no one is permitted to make reference to the 
convict's crime or to insult him or his family. 



The beginning of the movement by Chicago and east- 
ern men to wrest supremacy in the steel business from 
Pittsburg became known recently when it was announced 
that the Inter-Ocean Steel Company, a $2,500,000 con- 
cern, within six weeks will begin the construction of a 
mammoth new steel plant at Chicago Heights, a suburb. 
The new plant, it is announced, will begin business with 
a full equipment, aiming to rival the largest steel plants 
in the country. The company proposes to make a spe- 
cialty of tires for locomotive and railway coach wheels. 



The borrowing power of Persia has been completely 
nullified by the action of the rebel headquarters at Tabriz 
and Ispahan in notifying the diplomatic corps at Teheran 
that the constitutionalists will not recognize any loan 
made to the Shah until the Persian parliament approves 
the rebellion. The ultimate success of the revolutionists 
is deemed so certain that it is improbable that any pow- 
er would lend Persia money in accordance with the terms 
of the revolutionists. Any other loan would undoubtedly 
be repudiated by the revolutionists in the event of their 
success. 



Liberia, the little republic on the west coast of Africa, 
doesn't seem to get along, and in order to facilitate gov- 
ernmental matters in that State the President has asked 
Congress to appropriate $20,000 and give him power to 
appoint a commission of three " to examine into the sit- 
uation, confer with the officers of the Liberian govern- 
ment, and with the representatives of other governments 
actually present in Monrovia, and report recommenda- 
tions as to the specific action on the part of the United 
States most apt to render effective relief to the republic 
of Liberia under the present critical circumstances." The 
proposed commission would have for its object the study 
at first hand of affairs in the republic, so as to be able 
to recommend to the United States what action it should 
take. It will be recalled that last summer three Liberian 
commissioners visited the United States and asked 
assistance. France and Great Britain control territory 
contiguous to Liberia, but they favor the United States 
as a succoring agent, inasmuch as the negro republic 
was founded by the United States in 1822 and has ever 
since been more or less under our protection. There are 
now perhaps 50,000 civilized blacks in Liberia, but they 
are unable to cope with the million or "two of uncivil- 
ized people in the 43,000 square miles of Liberian ter- 
ritory. 



It is well understood among prominent ofiicials in 
Washington that Secretary of the Treasury Cortelyou 
has accepted the presidency of the Consolidated Gas 
Company in New York. Mr. Cortelyou has declined 
either to affirm or deny the statement, but there does 
not seem to be any doubt as to its truth. It is under- 
stood that the Secretary will leave Washington about 
March 4 for a rest of a month and possibly longer, and 
that upon the termination of his vacation he will go to 
New York and assume charge of the gas company. 



The United States Government has refused to accept 
whiskey warehouse receipts as payment on internal rev- 
enue assessments from distilleries. The Chicago Trib- 
une in a Washington special dispatch February 2, de- 
clares that the whiskey men are in distress over the rap- 
id progress of prohibition which is handicapped by the 
startling fact that " some 225,000,000 gallons of distilled 
whiskey are stored away in bonded warehouses whicii 
they had expected to pour down thirsty throats during 
the last year." 

The Methodist and Baptist ministers of southern Cal- 
ifornia, at a meeting in Los Angeles adopted resolutions 
protesting against the anti-Japanese legislation now pend- 
ing at Sacramento. The position of President Roosevelt, 
Governor Gillett and Speaker Stanton is endorsed, and 
it is " hoped that the entire matter will be voted down." 
The resolutions adopted by the Baptists say the exclu- 
sion of the Japanese from the public schools of Cali- 
fornia is an unjust discrimination " against this worthy 
class of people sojourning among us," and urgently re- 
quest the legislature to " set us right before Japan and 
the world on this great question." 



A series of conferences have been held by House lead- 
ers to determine on some method of getting the House 
to agree to legislate to regulate the shipment of liquor 
from State to State. Representative Watson, of Indiana, 
is leading the fig'ht for the proposed legislation. The 
program finally agreed upon probably will be to tack 
the liquor legislation onto the bill for the codification of 
the penal laws of the United States, which has a privileged 
characer on the House calendar. As the bill for this pur- 
pose has already passed the Senate, it is believed that 
both houses can be brought to an agreement to enact 
legislation more quickly than by voting on a separate bill. 
This course also would avoid the disagreeable action of 
ignoring the failure of the committee on the judiciary 
to report the bill. 

Augustus A. Busch, who recently purchased the old 
home of Ulysses S. Grant on the Gravois road, St. Louis 
County, and known throughout the country as the " Grant 
Farm," has converted it into a model game preserve. He 
has purchased the old home of the General, the famous 
log cabin, which, after being knocked down and carried 
around the country for exhibition, has been returned to 
its former site and occupies a position on the farm over- 
looking the road. The place will be thrown open to the 
public as a museum. It is the intention of Mr. Busch 
to collect as many Grant relics as possible and restore 
them to the cabin. The cabin itself is intact and just as 
General Grant left it, except that a few logs have been 
cut out of an inside partition. The old " spring house " 
has been preserved in its entirety. A fence of musket 
barrels which saw service during the Civil War surrounds 
the cabin. A veteran who served under Grant is care- 
taker. 



166 



THE INCLI'.XOOK.— IVhmarv 16, 1909. 



Among the Magazines 




WAGES FOR PRISONERS' FAMILIES. 

Why the wives and husbands of loafers and drunkards 
sentenced to terms in correctional institutions should suf- 
fer for the sins of their " lords and masters " is a ques- 
tion that has often been discussed at penological and re- 
form conferences. Occasionally it is suggested that 
when the State sentences a man to hard labor or to 
labor of any profitable kind part of his supposed earn- 
ings should be paid to those dependent on him for support. 

In the District of Columbia, under a new statute against 
family desertion and non-support, the payment of "wages" 
to families of prisoners has been very successfully tried. 
The amount is fixed by the statute at SO cents a day, and 
the prisoners are supposed to earn it and more by tak- 
ing care of Rock Creek Park and rendering other serv- 
ice to the district. 

It is the testimony of the judge who has been admin- 
isteriii.g the law that the provision in question has worked 
admirably as a preventive of unmerited misery, a form 
of discipline and a deterrent of vice and shiftlessness. Of- 
fenders are punished promptly, whereas under the or- 
dinary plan courts are greatly tempted to take chances 
and give prisoners opportunities which they neglect or 
abuse. Moreover, any man with a little horse sense, when 
he realizes that he could earn three times as much for his 
family and home in free industry as is paid to his de- 
pendents by the community which keeps him a prisoner. 
makes an effort to mend his ways, arid imder the law the 
court has the power to release him when satisfied that 
he would " stay reformed " and go to work in peace and 
decency. 

These facts were brought to the attention of a house 
committee which was about to strike out an item appro- 
priating a .small sum for the wages fund of prisoners' 
families. The committee had taken the view that the law 
was enabling dead beats to shirk their duties and saddle 
the cost of family maintenance on the community. .\s 
a matter of fact, where wages are not ])aid the public and 
private relief agencies bear the burden of pauperism and 
dependence created by imprisonment for nonsupport, ha- 
bitual drunkenness and other offenses, and tliere is no 
economy in the plan. And under proper administration 
prisoners can easily be made to earn the wages paid to 
their families, plus the cost of their own board, shelter 
and other necessaries or conveniences. — The Record-Her- 
ald. 

v9* O* <JS 

WOMEN WORK FOR CLEAN CITIES. 

Has progress deprived women of all their old-time em- 
ployments and are they forced to engage in public af- 
fairs, too long neglected by men? These questions are 
suggested by an article in the February Delineator, in 
which Ida Husted Harper tells why "Woman's Broom 
in Municipal Housekeeping" has become necessary. 

One after another the old-time employments of the 
household have been taken from home to factory until 



now women are separated into two great divisions of 
an army — one that follows the work and marches forth 
each day to find in some public hive of industry the oc- 
cupations once carried on in the seclusion of private life, 
and the other that remains at home stripped of all those 
domestic tasks that used to keep their foremothers busy 
from daybreak till long after nightfall, says Mrs. Har- 
per. Churn, loom, spinningwheel, even the sewing-ma- 
chine was snatched away, until at last they were left with 
only the broom of all their former implements of labor. 
And finally, one day, witli a great clatter of victory, up 
to the door came the automatic compressed-air sweeper 
and sent the woman and her broom riding through space 
like Mother Goose in the story-books. 

When the woman came down to earth again she was 
still clutching the broom, and, finding her house all swept 
and garnished from cellar to attic with the products of 
the factories, she began to wonder if the men, in taking 
for themselves all this labor belonging by right to women, 
might not have neglected their o%vn legitimate work, 
so she looked about her aind on every hand saw the evi- 
dences of such neglect. The condition of the streets was 
a menace to health; impure milk was killing off the babies 
by the thousands, while impure water and food threaten- 
ed destruction to the rest of the race; the idle children 
swarmed the highways and byways because there was no 
room for them in the schools; from afar off came the 
cry of the little ones sacrificed in the labor market; on 
every side the agencies of evil had set their doors wide 
open to lure the innocent. 

What are the women doing in the way of municipal 
housekeping? In Massachusetts they had nine bills be- 
fore the last Legislature; in Pennsylvania about the same 
number, and at least half a dozen in most of the other 
States — for child labor, juvenile courts, better conditions 
for women wage-earners, temperance legislation, vaca- 
tion schools, pure food, school savings-banks, civil serv- 
ice reform, better pay for teachers, girls' industrial 
schools, women factory inspectors, children's playgrounds, 
women police matrons, anti-e.xpectoration in public places 
— all for the betterment of the community, not one for 
" graft," — not a " job " of any kind, — all clean, wholesome, 
much-needed laws. 

,< ,«t ,^{ 

PATRONAGE AND BARGAINING. 

The doctrine wdiich in his inaugural address Governor 
Hughes defines as to the double constitutional duty of 
the Governor of New York we have had occasion more 
than once to defend as applied to the President of the 
United States. Governor Hughes says: 

" The executive power is vested in the Governor, but 
he is also an important part of the lawmaking power of 
the State. This is through his power of veto. . . . The 
Governor is also to recommend to the Legislature such 
' matters as he shall judge expedient.' It is not his con- 
stitutional function to attempt by use of patronage or 



THE INGLENOOK.— February 16, 1909. 



167 



by bargaining witli respect to bills to secure the passage 
of measures he approves. It is his prerogative to rec- 
ommend and to state the reasons for his recommendation; 
and, in common with all representative officers, it is his 
privilege to justify his position to the people to whom he 
is accountable. The more closely he confines himself 
to his province and discharges his responsibility within 
the limits assigned to him the less confusion will there 
be in the working of our system and the more potent 
will be the sway of intelligent public opinion over those 
charged in their various offices with the duties of rep- 
resentation." 

The purpose of, the Governor is to insist that it is no 
part of his duty to try to secure legislation by patron- 
age and bargaining; and to explain why, instead of em- 
ploying these political methods, which have been in almost 
uniform use, he has appealed directly to the people. This 
appeal to the people at large, he says, it is his privilege 
to make, " in common with all representative officers." 
Equally, as we have had occasion to say, the President 
of the United States combines legislative and executive 
functions. He has the right of veto, and he has the right 
to make recommendations to Congress. Beyond that, 
lie has all the right which any citizen has, and even more, 
from his high office, to urge .by speech or letter any pol- 
icy which he regards it as important that Congress should 
accept. He is not to b