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Full text of "Inscriptions from the old burial grounds in Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1727 to 1859: with biographical and historical notes"

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FIIOM ir.S INtfTITUriDN JAN. 24, 1875, TO TIIK 

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Tyler &. Seagrave, Printers, 
442 Main Street. 

(Committee oit ^ublitktion. 


uv^ h^i 1877> 
















ALBERT A. LOVELL, for 1 year. 
FRANKLIN P. RICE, for 2 years. 
CHARLES R. JOHNSON, for 3 years. 

Hon. Clark Jillson, " . Worcester. 

Ellery Bicknell Crane, Esq., Worcester. 

Uev. Lucius Robinson Paige, D. D., . . . Cambridgeport, Mass. 

Clarendon Harris, Esq., Worcester, Mass. 

Hon. Charles Hudson, Lexington, Mass. 

lion. JohS Dennison Baldwin, A. M., . . . Worcester, Maes. 



Samuel Em as Staplkp, 
Daniel Seagkave, 


Joiix Geoiuik Smith, 


Rev. Albert Tyleh, 

ITexry Davis Bahheu, 

IIenky FiiANcis Stkdma 

William Mackeady, 

Omx Lank Mkuuiam, 

IIeiuiekt IIenky Tiiomtson, . 

Elijah IIarrixotox Marshall, 

William Augustus Sheldon, 

WiLHAM Blaine Howe, 

Charles Renssalaer JonNsoif, A. 13. 

James Andrew Smith, Esq., . 

Augustus Stone, 

Hon. Clakk Jillson, 

Edward Richadson Lawrence, 

Henry Phelps, 

Albert Alfonso Lovell, Esq., 

Ellery Bicknell Crane, Esq., 

Augustus Coolidge, 

Rev. Thomas Elliott St. John, A, M., 

Edward Issachar Comins, 

Thomas Melvin Lamb, . 


BEN.JAMIX John Dodge, 

Isaac Newton Metcalf, 

George Sumner, 

Joseph Nye Bates, M. D., 

Alexander Cole Munroe, 

Dr. Charles Whitney Estacrook, 


t No. 64,5. ] 

0titm0nut0HHI| n| ilH$$ii^Ip$ijH$* 

mJjE it KXOWN, That whereas Samuel Elias Staples, Claek 
^ JiLLSON, Elleri: B. Ckane, Daniel SeagraVe, Franklin 
Pierce Rice, James Andrew Smith, Albert Alfonzo Lovell and 
Albert Tyler, have associated themselves with the iateution of forming 
a corporation under the name of 

for the purpose of cultivating and encouraging among its members a love 
and admiration for antiquarian research and archaeological science ; and, 
so far as practicable, to rescue from oblivion any historical matter that 
might otherwise be lost; also, the collection and preservation of antiqna- 
i-ian relics of every description, With a capital of an amount not yet estab- 
lished, nor divided into shares, and have complied With the provisions of 
the Statutes of this Commonwealth in such case made and provided, as 
appears from the certificate of the- President, Treasurer, and Directors of 
said corporation duly approved by the Commissioner of Corporations, and 
recorded in this office : 

^ofccr, SHIjeafore, I, Henry B. Peirce, Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Ma-ssachusetts, DO hereby certify, that said S. E. Staples, C. Jill- 
BON, E. B. Crane, D. Seaorave, F. P. Rice, J. A. Smith, A. A. Lov- 
ell and A. Tyler, their associates and successors, are legally organized 
and established as and are hereby made an existing corporation, under the 
name of The WohcesTer Society of Antiquity, with the powers, 
rights and privileges, and subject to the limitations, duties and restrictions, 
which by law appertain thereto. 

[ L. s. ] WITNESS my official signature hereunto subscribed, and 

the seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts hereunto 
aftixcd this twenty-second day of March, in the year of our 
Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven. 


Secrttary of the Commonwealth. 





For 1875. 


The wants and needs of a community like the one 
in which we live, both present and prospective, are 
liable to remain unsatisfied unless some person volun- 
teers to give direction to individual thought, so that 
each may understand the wants of the many, and all 
unite their efforts to promote a common cause. 

The union of distinct and independent forces, the 
bringing together of isolated rays of intellectual light, 
and the aggregation of individual research, require 
such peculiar talent as would seem to be beyond the 
comprehension of a large majority of mankind. 

That there has been, and now is, in the city of 
Worcester, a considerable number of persons, includ- 
ing some in the humble walks of life, who have been 
and are deeply interested in the preservation from 
oblivion of all historical matter relating to Worcester 
or Worcester County, as well as in the collection of 
rare and ancient books, pamphlets, prints, enfn\ivinn;s, 
pictures, autographs and coins, together with imple- 


merits and manufactures representing the arts, sci- 
ences and industry of former generations, no reason- 
able person will venture to doubt. Though their 
tastes were in many respects similar, they were not 
acquainted with each other, and, so far as their anti- 
quarian research was concerned, each w\as confined 
to the narrow limit of the meagre result of his own 
efforts, without receiving any substantial benefit from 
what others had accomplished. 

The bringing together of some of these persons for 
the purpose of forming a Society is due to the fore- 
sight and ability of Samuel E. Staples, who, after 
consultation with one or two others, sent out the 
following brief card of invitation : 

Worcester, Mass., January 21st, 1875. 

To John G. Smith, Daniel Seagrave, Richard O'Flyiin and 

Franklin P. Rice : 

Gentlemen — It has been proposed to form a Society for the pur- 
pose of increasing an interest in archaeological science, and to 
rescue from oblivion such historical matter as would otherwise be 
lost; and you are respectfully invited to meet a few gentlemen for 
consultation and such action as may be thought best, at the house 
of the writer, No. 1 Lincoln Place (rear of No. 69 Lincoln street,) 
on Saturday next at 4 o'clock P. M. Hoping you may find it con- 
venient to be present for an hour, 

I am, yours respectfully, 


The first preliminary meeting was held January 
24th, 1875, at the residence of Samuel E. Staples, No. 
1 Lincoln Place, Worcester, Mass., in accordance with 
the above invitation. There were present, besides 
Mr. Staples, John G. Smith, Richard O'FIynn and 


Franklin P. Rice. Tlie matter involved in tlio invi- 
tation to this meeting was freely discussed, and it was 
the unanimous opinion of those present that an 
organization formed for the purposes set forth in said 
invitation would be useful and desirable, provided a 
sufhcient number of persons could be found who 
would take an interest therein. 

Mr. Staples presented the following Constitution 
for consideration, and the meeting was then adjourned 
to January 30th : 



AuTiCLK 1. The name of this organization shall be TiiR 
WoucESTEii SociKTY OK Antiqlity, and its ohject and pur- 
j)ose to foster in its members a love and admiration for antiqua- 
rian research and archa-ological science, and the rescue from ol)liv- 
ion of such historical matter as would otherwise be lost. 


Article 2. Any person of good character, having an interest 
in the objects of this Society, and having been proposed at a pre- 
vious meeting, may be admitted by a majority vote of the members 
present, on condition of contributing to its interests, attending its 
meetings, and conforming to the rules and regulations of the 


Article 3. The olUccrs of the Society shall consist of a 
President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and Librarian, 
who shall be elected annually, in the month of January, on sepa- 
rate ballots, and shall resi)ectively hold their office until a successor 
is chosen. 


Article 4, IMeetiiiffs for business and for the jieneral jjood 
of the Society shall be held on the last Saturday of each month, 
excepting .July and August, and as much more frecpiently as (he 


interests of the Society may require ; and it shall be the duty of 
the President and Secretary, jointly, to notify the members in 
writing of the time and place of all stated meetings, and of all 
other meetings which in their judgment the interests of the associ- 
ation require should be held. 


Article 5. Five members shall constitute a quoi'um for the 
transaction of business ; but a less number may hold meetings for 
consultation and general improvement. 


Article 6. The expenses of the Society shall be liquidated 
by voluntary contributions from its members, or others who may 
be interested in the objects of the association. 


Article 7. This Constitution may be altered or amended in 
such manner as the interests of the Society may require ; notice of 
such alteration or amendment having been given at a previous 
meeting, two-thirds of the members voting therefor. 

The second preliminary meeting was held at the 
printing office of Tyler & Seagrave, No. 442 Main 
street, Worcester, Mass., Jan. 30th, 1875. Present, 
Samuel E. Staples, John G. Smith, Franklin P. 
Rice and Daniel Seagrave. Samuel E. Staples was 
chosen chairman and Daniel Seagrave secretary. On 
motion of Mr. Seagrave, it was unanimously voted 
that those present form themselves into a Society, the 
objects thereof to be such as set forth in the circular 
of invitation. 

The Constitution presented at the previous meet- 
ing was read and referred to a committee consisting 
of Samuel E. Staples and John G. Smith. 

The third preliminary meeting was held Feb. loth, 
1875, at the same place as t'ue former meeting, and 


was called to order by the cluiinnan. There were 
present Samuel E. Staples, John G. Smith, Franklin 
P. Rice, Richard O'Flynn, Henry D. Barber, Henry 
F. Stedman and Daniel Seagravc. The committee to 
whom was referred the Constitution made the ibllow- 
ing report : 

Worcester, Feb. l.Uh, 187'). 

The committee to wliom referred the draft of a Constitution 
for revision have attended to their duty, and submit the followin;; 
report : 

After duly considering the various names that have boon suijj- 
gested for the association, they liave unanimously agreed that the 
one (irst proposed, viz.: "The Worcestkr Society of AxriQuiTy," 
is the most suitable, as it covers the whole ground for which the 
association is to be formed, and is sutFiciently comprehensive to 
embrace all persons, in every place, who may desire to become 
members of the association, and the committee therefore recom- 
mend its adoption. 

Article second is so changed that propositions shall be in writ- 
ing, and a two-thirds vote of members present be required to admit 

Article fourth is presented in a new draft. 

Article sixth, for the word "shall" read "may," and the follow- 
ing additional clause : " but in case the necessity arise, the mem- 
bers may be assessed for such amount as the interests of the Soci- 
ety retjuire." 

The proposed Constitution, as revised by these and other 
amendments herein specified, will then read as follows : 



Article I. The name of this organization shall be The Wor- 
cester Society of Antiquity, and its object and purpose to foster 
in its members a love and admiration for antiquarian research and 
archicological science, and to rescue from oblivion such historical 
matter as would otherwise be lost. 



Article 2. Any person of good character, having an interest 
in the objects of this Society, and having been proposed in writing 
at a previous meeting, may be admitted by a two-thirds vote of the 
members present, on condition of contributing to its interests, 
attending the meetings, so far as practicable, and conforming to the 
rules and regulations of the Society. 


Article 3. The officers of the Society shall consist of a Pres- 
ident, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and Librarian, who 
shall be elected annually, at the stated meeting in January, on 
separate ballots, and shall respectively hold their office until a 
successor is chosen. 


Article 4. Meetings ,for business and for the general inter- 
ests of the Society shall be held on the first Tuesday of each 
month, excepting July and August ; and also such special meetings 
as the interests of the Society may require ; and it shall be the 
duty of the President and Secretary, jointly, to notify the mem- 
bers in writing of the time and place of all stated meetings, and of 
all special meetings which in their judgment (or upon the written 
request of any three members,) the interests of the association 
require should be held. 


Article 5. Five members shall constitute a quorum for the 
transaction of business, but a less number may hold meetings for 
consultation and general improvement. 


Article G. The expenses of the Society may be liquidated 
by voluntary contributions of its members, or other persons who 
may be interested in the objects of the association ; but in case the 
necessity arise, the members may be assessed for such amount as 
the interests of the Society require. 

Article 7. This Constitution may be altered or amended at 
any stated meeting of the Society, notice of such alteration or 


amendment having been given in writing at a previous busincee 
meeting, two-thirds of the members present voting therefor. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 


The above Constitution was unanimously adoptetl. 

The first regular meeting of The Worckster Society 
OF Antiquity, under the Constitution, was held at the 
printing office of Tyler & Seagrave, No. 442 Main 
street, Worcester, Mass., March 2d, 1875. There 
were present Henry D. Barber, Richard O'Flynn, 
Franklin P. Rice, John G. Smith, William Macready 
and Daniel Seagrave. In the absence of the chair- 
man, Henry D. Barber was elected chairman pro tern. 
The Society was then duly organized by the election 
of the following officers : 

President, Samuel E. Staples; Vice President, 
Henry D. Barber ; Secretary, Daniel Seagrave ; 
Treasurer, Henry F. Stedman ; Librarian, John G. 

Thus was organized a society whose future prom- 
ises the most gratifying results. A committee, con- 
sisting of John G. Smith and Daniel Seagrave, was 
appointed to take into consideration certain amend- 
ments to the Constitution. 

The next meeting was held April 6th, 1875. The 
Piesident, who was absent at the time of his election, 
favored the Society with the following address : 


The WoncESTEH Society op Antk^'ity is designed to encour- 
age historioil researcli. That there is a necessity for such an oruniii- 


zation in this community may be seen when we consider that in 
this city of fifty thousand inhabitants, with its many institutions of 
learning (in literature, art and the sciences.) there is no other insti- 
tution of this kind that meets the popular demand. The Ameri- 
can Antiquarian Society may be properly called a national institu- 
tion, supijorted and maintained by gentlemen of eminence in their 
several walks and professions, embracing in its membership per- 
sons of the rarest culture and most profound knowledge. Such 
an institution is useful beyond calculation, in securing, devel- 
oping and preserving historical knowledge, but it fails to meet 
the wants of many jiersons interested in like researches and pur- 
poses, who are not so fortunate as to be reckoned among the mem- 
bers of so honorable a body. 

It is hoped and believed that this new Society may meet this 
demand, while it will in no sense be regarded as a rival of the 
older Society, but rather an auxiliary to it. In order, then, for 
this association to be the most useful to its members, and ultimately 
to the public at large, it is very important that each one of us 
pursue with diligence and careful inquiry the several topics of 
interest that fall within our sphere. 

Historical research and the preservation of historical matter is 
the underlying principle that should prompt us in our efforts for 
the attainment and the dissemination of knowledge. Though this 
Society enters the field of inquiry, the paths of which have been 
travelled by so many illustrious men, there is room enough and to 
spare for the few congenial minds with which we start our organi- 
zation, and the prospective numbers, large and cultivated as we 
expect them to be in the future, who may be attracted to this 
organization. The natural benefits to be derived from this associ- 
ation are not to be overlooked. The field of inquiry is so broad 
that each one may here and there cull a flower with which to 
beautify our institution, or bi'ing in the harvested fruit to enrich 
our membership. Let each one do his part, both in spring-time 
and harvest, that our garners may be filled. 

By the records of the last meeting, it appears by the votes then 
cast you did me the honor to elect me as the first President of this 
Society. Wlii!e I appreciate the honor thus conferred, I can only 
wish that it had fallen upon some other person much better quali- 


ficd, or that I could brinn^ more ability to the performance of tljc 
duties of the oince. Desiring' the growth and prosperity of this 
new organization, I shall do what I can to promote its interests, 
doubting not but that I shall receive the hearty cooperation of all 
its members. 

At the regular meeting held May 4th, 1875, the 
Committee on Amendments to the Constitution, 
[ippoiuted March 2d, 1875, reported an article relat- 
ing to honorary members, which was adopted and 
numbered three (3), the numbers of the following 
articles being changed to correspond therewith. This 
article was as follows : 


Article 3. Any person of good moral character, interested 
in antiipiarian research, and having a desire to assist in the objects 
of this Society, and having been proposed in writing at a previous 
meeting, may be admitted an honorary member thereof on receiv- 
ing a two-thirds vote of the members present. Honorary mem- 
bers shall bo entitled to all the privileges of other members, 
except the right to vote and hold office. 

The last meeting of the year was held December 
7th, 1875, at the residence of John G. Smith, No. 53 
Lincoln street. At the close of the meeting remarks 
were made by the members relating to the prosperity 
of the Society during its brief existence. Mr. John 
G. Smith said that he felt very much encouraged by 
the present condition of the Society ; that it had far 
exceeded his utmost expectations ; and he congratu- 
lated the members on the benefit they had already 
derived from their connection with it. At the close 
of this year the Society, was composed of twelve 



The interest manifested on the part of the friends 
of this Society, in its progress and welfare, cannot fail 
to produce the most satisfactory results. The large 
number of books, many of them rare and expensive, 
collected by the members of this Society during the 
present year, will have a tendency to stimulate more 
persistent efforts in the same direction during the 
year to come. Our members now have in their libra- 
ries some of the oldest and rarest printed books in 
existence ; and when these collections are brought 
together they will form one of the most valuable 
antique libraries in the country. 

With these encouragements the Society closes the 
first year of its existence ; and the members feel that 
they are justified in expressing their complete confi- 
dence in the success of this new enterprise. 



For the Year 1876. 

The first annual meeting of The Worcester Society 
OF Antiquity was lield at the residence of Samuel E. 
Staples, President of the Society, at No. 1 Lincoln 
Place, Worcester, Mass., January 4th, 1870. At this 
meeting the following officers were elected : 

President, Samuel E. Staples ; Vice President, 
Henry D. Barber; Secretary, Daniel Seagrave ; Treas- 
urer, Henry F. Stedman ; Librarian, John G. Smith. 

The President delivered his address, as follows : 

Gentlemen — In accepting the position to which by your votes I 
have been assigned for anotlier year, I desire to return my sincere 
thanks for the confidence shown and the honor conferred upon me. 

Conscious in some measure of the poor qualifications I bring to 
the performance of the duties of the office, yet with the aid and 
cooperation that I hope to receive at the hands of every member, 
I trust and sincerely hope tliat we shall be able to place tliis Soci- 
ety upon a sure foundation, and make it an organization the power 
and usefulness of which shall be acknowledged wherever it may 
be known. 

With gratitude to that Being without whose notice not a spar- 
row falls to the ground, let us be mindful of His goodness and 

- -^ -20 

mercy to us in the past, and let us strive faithfully in the future to 
perform with diligence the obligation of each passing hour. 

And now as we enter upon the duties of a new year, this Soci- 
ety observes its first anniversary. Thus far of short duration, li/;tle 
ex23erience and few in numbers, some of whom have been classed as 
" middle men" * nevertheless the purposes of the organization have 
been accomplished in the encouragement of historical research and 
the preservation of historical matter. Associated labor is calcu- 
lated to produce much greater results than the independent effort 
of an individual alone. By association we are quickened and 
incited to greater diligence and stronger effort, consequently more 
is accomplished than could be done without such united purpose. 
The advantages of associations like our own are ajjparent, and no 
argument is needed to show their importance. 

The recent circular from the commissioners of the proposed cen- 
tennial celebration, recommending that an historical address, hav- 
ing special reference to local history, be delivered in every town or 
county throughout the land on the coming anniversary of Ameri- 
can Independence, and that such productions be preserved and 
bound together by States, forming a grand history of our country, 
is a judicious and wise suggestion, and should have the hearty 
support .of every patriot and every historical society throughout 
our vast domain. 

Since the institution of The Worcester Society of Anti- 
quity, Jan. 24th, 1875, twelve meetings have been held, includ- 
ing three preliminary meetings. These have been occasions of con- 
siderable interest to those who have been present, and not without 
beneficial results. Matters relating to the association have been 
discussed, new members have been admitted from time to time, 
and reports of the acquisitions have been made, showing in the 
aggregate not less than 1000 volumes and 1500 pamphlets,tbesides 
numerous portraits, autographs and coins. 

One pleasant feature of our association has been in holding the 
meetings of the Society at the dwellings of the members, thus 
affording an opportunity for a, better acquaintanceship of the mem- 
bers and the examination of their libraries, by which we have been 

*Vide Proceedings American Antiquarian Society, Oct. 21, 1874. 
tSo fir iis r<>pnrt<.' I, 1S12 volum(>s and 158G pamphU'ts 


instructed and entertained, and some exclianges have been effected 
to mutual advantage. 

It would doubtless have been an easy matter to greatly increase 
our meinbcrsliip, but our purpose has been to admit only those 
who are especially interested in the objects of the association, and 
who will add to its interests by hearty cooperation in our endeav- 
ors to promote its usefulness. Numbers do not constitute true 
strength; this only results from earnest, active effort on the part 
of those who are associated together for a common purpose. 

Having thus far reviewed the brief history of our Society, let 
us now inquire what it shall be in the future. Shall it go on 
increasing in usefulness and multiplying its numbers, or shall it be 
suffered to languish and die, failing to meet the demands of the 
j)lace and the times? I think you will agree with me in saying 
it ought to and must be sustained. 

I venture to aihrm that not one who has helped the Society 
through its first year of existence would be willing to see it fall to 
the ground as unripe fruit, unfit for a place among the honored 
societies of the land, having a Jiindred purpose in their life and 
continuance with our own. 

This Society is not alone in laboring under embarrassments in 
the early stages of its existence ; and we should not therefore be 
discouraged, for a brighter day is sure to dawn if we prove faith- 
ful to the trust now imposed upon us. 

We should receive a new impetus from the inspiration of this 
centennial year, and strive with renewed diligence and energy to 
do our part in treasuring up the records of the past and being pre- 
pared to transmit to posterity that which we have obtained. 

In the language of another, "our first and great object is to res- 
cue from the past all that is valuable in regard to New England 
(and I will add our whole country), and to preserve all that may 
in any way contribute to the history and renown of her people." 

To rescue from the past — that is one of the fundamental princi- 
ples of this Society. O that we knew more of the past — more 
concerning those noble men, the fathers of our republic, who a 
hundred years ago were striving and toiling here to establish a 
government that should bless and elevate mankind and make 
them free. 


"While we cannot know all we desire, yet history reveals unto 
us enough to kindle anew our patriotism and lead us to a greater, 
a deeper and truer devotion to the interests of our common coun- 
try. To rescue from the past — that shall be our motto. Let 
nothing worthy of preservation be lost, but gather up the threads 
of history, weave them together, and let them be preserved through 
all coming time. 

But why so anxious about the past ? Is it not the future that 
most concerns us ? Most truly it is ; but only as we rightly know 
and estimate the past shall we learn wisdom for the future. The 
noble, patriotic and Christian example of our worthy sires shall 
be a pattern for us, in so far as they were exemplars of all that is 
good and true in man, and we will strive to imitate their virtues 
and avoid their errors. 

Having thus briefly considered the interests, purposes and 
design of this association, let us as we now start anew in life's 
pilgrimage, ever strive faithfully to perform our part of its 
duties, so that the world around us may be better for the work we 
may have done. 

At this meeting the matter of printing the pro- 
ceedings of the Society was referred to a committee 
consisting of Daniel Seagrave, Richard O'Flynn and 
Frankhn P. Rice, who reported at the next meeting 
in favor of printing the proceedings, but final action 
was deferred till March 7th, 1876, when the subject 
was indefinitely postponed, and a committee consist- 
ing of Daniel Seagrave, Henry D. Barber and James 
A. Smith was appointed to take into consideration the 
expediency of printing the Constitution and By-Laws. 
After investigating the matter, it was thought expe- 
dient to revise the Constitution, and at the regular 
meeting held October 3d, 1876, a committee con- 
sisting of Samuel E. Staples, Daniel Seagrave and 
Ellery B. Crane was appointed to make such revision ; 


and at the meeting held November 11th the commit- 
tee was enlarged by adding to its number Clark Jill- 
son and James A. Smith. 

This committee held several meetings, and at the 
last meeting of the year, held December 5th, 1870, 
at the residence of John G. Smith, 58 Lincoln street, 
the committee reported a revised Constitution, which 
was considered, approved and laid over till the next 
meeting for final adoption. 

At the meeting held May 2d, 187G, a committee 
consisting of Franklin P. Rice, Richard O'Flynn and 
Augustus Stone was appointed to draw up and for- 
ward resolutions to Henry B. Anthony, Senator in 
Congress from Rhode Island, thanking him, in the 
name of the Society, for securing the passage of a 
bill in Congress having for its object the placing of 
the public documents within the reach of the people ; 
and at the meeting of June 6th the committee 
reported the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Society be tendered to the 
Hon. lie. y B. Anthony for the introduction of the bill providing 
for the sale and better distribution of the Public Documents. 

Resolved, That this resolution bo entered upon the records of 
the Society, and that a copy be forwarded to Senator Anthony. 

The Secretary was instructed to forward the above, 
and received the following reply : 

Providence, May 17, 1876. 
Dear Sir — Your note of the 12th was forwarded to me from 
Washington. Please express to the Society my thanks for the 
complimentary resolution of which you ajiprise me. 
Yours, very respectfully, 

Daniel Seagrave, F1s(i., Secretary. 


At the same meeting, Charles R Johnson read an 
interesting paper on the " Vestiges of Ancient Amer- 
ican Civilization," as follows : 

Gentlemen of The Worcester Society of Antiquity — I would invite 
your attention a short time this evening to the subject of American 
archjeology. The study of the antiquities of any nation, to what- 
ever period of time or to whatever part of the world that nation 
belongs, is always an entertaining one ; but the investigation 
becomes doubly interesting when it relates to our own ancestors, 
or to the remains of other races which once flourished where we 
now dwell. Hence we should all have a special concern in the 
topic before us. 

In considering the ancient civilization of America, I shall con- 
fine myself to the localities where the remains are most extensive, 
viz.: Mexico, including Yucatan, Central America and Peru ; and 
I shall devote my time to the discussion of three questions : First, 
How high a degree of civilization is indicated ? Secondly, How 
far back does that civilization date ? and, thirdly, "Who were its 
authors ? 

Beginning, then, with the first question, it should be said at the 
outset that very different grades of skill are to be noticed in differ- 
ent places. The best specimens of workmanship are seen in Yuca- 
tan and Central Amei'ica. Proceeding northward, the ruins 
decrease in importance. Travelling to the south, one has to go as 
far as Ecuador before making valuable discoveries, but neither 
there nor in Peru are the remains equal to those of Guatemala or 
Yucatan. You have all heard of the ruined cities of America ; 
most of you have probably read the graj^hic accounts of them given 
by Stephens and Squier, hence it would be very much out of place 
for me here to rehearse what those eminent authors have said ; 
but I will briefly describe a few of the important works of the 
ancient people, in order that we may get some idea of their skill 
and draw an inference as to their condition. 

At Palenque, in the Mexican State of Chiapa, there are 
some remarkable ruins. The most noticeable of these is a build- 
ing called the " Palace." It is situated on a terraced pyramid, 
forty feet high. This building is 228 feet long, 180 feet wide, 


iind 2>') t'ct't hiijli. It li:is 14 doorways on each side and 1 1 at each 
<'ih1. It was built of liewn stone, carefully laid in mortar. Around 
lilt! ediiice was a corridor 9 feet wide, roofed l)y a pointed arcii. 
'I'liere are four interior courts, one of which measures 70 by 80 
feet. These courts are surrounded by corridors, the architectural 
work of which is richly decorated. The piers around the courts 
are "covered with figures in stucco, or plaster, which, when broken, 
reveals six or more coats or layers, each revealing traces of paint- 
ing." The sculptures are very finely executed. Another edifice 
at I'alenque, called La Cruz, is so wonderfully ornamented that 
Captain Dupaix declares : " It is impossible to describe adetpiately 
the interior decorations of this sumptuous temple;" and speaking 
of its broken statues, Stephens says : " In justness of proportion 
and symmetry they must have approached the Greek models." 
Captain Ki(;hard Stewart, a recent traveller in Mexico, describes 
some wonderful ruins which he saw near ^lultipec, in the State of 
Guailalajara. These ruins arc situated on a high jdateau, and 
extend over a space of more than twenty-five acres. The most 
prominent among the remains is a quadrilateral pyramid 500 feet 
R(puire and 100 feet in height. On the side of the p3'ramid facing 
tiie east is an arched doorway 39 feet high and 27 feet in width, 
(laiiked by inmiense sphinxes standing on marble pedestals. There 
are two marble pillars lo feet high in front of each sphinx. These 
j)i]lars are ornamented witlr finely-carved figures and are covered 
with hieroglyphics. Passing the grand entrance, one comes upon 
a stately hall, 53 by 90 feet, the walls of which are adorned with 
sculptured figures and hieroglyphics. The ceiling is supported by 
twelve marble pillars, six on eacli side, which are also covered with 
carvings. Four doors lead from this hall into smaller rooms, 
which it is supposed, from the character of the interior, were used 
as resting places of the dead. There are also doorways which 
lead from the main hall to fiights of stone steps descending to sub- 
terranean chambers. 

In the State of Oaxaca a monument has been found which 
undoubtedly was once used as an astronomical observatory. This 
is a granite rock hewed into the shape of a pyramid, at the top of 
whicii is a level space, whence a fine view of the heavens can be 
had. On one side of the rock are carved astronomical fiirures, and 



among these is the form of a man gazing at the sky through a 
telescope. There is strong evidence among the ruins that the 
ancient people did not neglect athletic exercises. A good example 
of this is shown in the Gymnasium or Tennis Court at Chicken 
Itza, in Yucatan, a structure formed by two parallel walls 274 feet 
long, 30 feet thick and 120 feet apart. In the middle of these 
walls, and opposite each other, are two stone rings 4 feet in diam- 
eter, and having at the centre an aperture 19 inches in diameter. 
These rings are 20 feet from the ground. The space between 
these walls was beyond question used for games, but what kind of 
games we cannot tell. 

Thus far I have spoken only of the remains in North America, 
but those in South America are also very important. The city of 
Cuzco was defended by immense stone fortresses, the walls of 
which were so massive as to make it appear incredible to the con- 
querors that they could have been raised by human hands. The 
Temple of the Sun at Cuzco was a structure of extraordmary size 
and magnificence, having " a circuit of more than four hundred 
paces." A section of its walls still exist, forming a part of the 
Convent of St. Domingo. At Tiahuanaco there evidently once 
existed a great city. Cie^a de Leon, describing this place, says : 
" There are stones so large and so overgrown that our wonder is 
incited, it being incomprehensible how the power of man could 
have placed them where we see them. They are variously 
wrought, and some having the form of men must have been idols. 
Near the walls are many caves and excavations under the earth, 
but in another place further west are other and greater monu- 
ments, such as large gateways with hinges, platforms and porches, 
each made of a single stone. It surprised me to see these enor- 
mous gateways, made of great masses of stone, some of which were 
thirty feet long, fifteen feet high and six thick." The great roads 
of Peru may, however, be regarded as the greatest monuments of 
the old race. One of them extended from Quito to Chili ; another 
led from Cuzco to the coast. They were from twenty to twenty- 
five feet wide, and were built on a foundation of masonry. In 
some places they were paved, in others macadamized. Mr. Bald- 
win, in speaking of these I'oads, observes that "the builders of our 
Pacific Railroad, with their superior engineering skill and mechan- 


ical aiipliaiires, might reasonably shrink from the cost and tin- 
ililliciiltie.s of sucli a work as this. Kxtendinjj from one (h'gret; 
north of C^iiito to Cnzco, and from Cuzco to Chili, it was quite as 
lonff as the two I'aoifie railroads, and its wild route among the 
mountains was far more diHieult." Is any further proof needed 
that a people who eould undertake and complete works like this, 
and the others I have alluded to, were in a very advanced state of 
civilization ? 

I now come to the second ipiestion. IIow far hack does this civi- 
lization date ? Those who follow the generally received chronol- 
ogy are inclined to speak of the American ruins as of no very 
great age. They would make it appear that this continent, nay, 
that the world itself, has been peopled but a few thousand years, 
and that all civilization must have grown up in that time. The 
researches of scholars among the antiquities of Kgypt, Assyria and 
India, as well as the discoveries of science, have established the 
falsity of this notion as to the Eastern Hemisphere, and I think 
that it may bo shown to be equally untrue in regard to the West- 
ern Hemisphere. Great cities are not built in a day. Progress 
in science and art is of slow growth, and it is only by gradual 
stages that a people is raised from savagery to a state of refine- 
ment. Yucatan, Chiapa and Guatemala were covered by a dense 
forest when Cortez conquered JMexico, and this forest then had 
every appearance of having stood there for centuries. It is here 
that are found the most striking remains of the lost race. Here 
are Copan, INIitla and Palentiue, or rather here are the shattered 
remnants of their former grandeur. If the rise of civilization is 
gradual, so also is its decay. IIow many centuries, then, must 
have elapsed since these cities were in their prime I IIow many 
more since the date of their foundation ! Nay, further, to what 
remote tinle shall we assign the foundation of the cities which pre- 
ceded these, and of whose existence there is the strongest evidence t 
For, as Brasseur de Bourbourg says, "among the edifices forgot- 
ten by time in the forests of Mexico and Central America, we 
find architectural characteristics so different from each other that 
it is as impossible to attribute them all to the same people as to 
believe they were all built at the same epoch." The condition of 
the remains themselves bears positive testimony to their great age. 


Nothing is left but what is least destructible. Even the massive 
stone buildings tliemselves have mostly crumbled away, and only 
a few remain to attest the glory of their founders. Every wooden 
structure, every tool, every article of furniture, every household 
utensil, except something eartheu or stone, has disappeared. The 
period of time required for such a process of obliteration must be 
very extended indeed. All civilized peoples have a literature 
which, while it exists, gives a full account of their history. The 
ancient Americans had a literature, but unhappily it was almost 
entirely destroyed by monkish bigotry. From the little that re- 
mains we are enabled to gain a few facts regarding the history of 
its authors. It appears that here, as in the Old World, one nation 
succeeded another in influence and power, only to be in its turn 
supplanted by a third, and thus in regular order. The prominent 
people mentioned in this succession are the Chichemecs, the Col- 
huas, the Toltecs and the Aztecs. Under the head of Chichemecs 
seem to be included all the original barbarous inhabitants of the 
country. They Avere followed by the Colhuas, who were the 
founders of the original civilization. The Toltecs came into the 
country about ten centuries before the Christian era, and estab- 
lished themselves in the place of the Colhuas, The oldest certain 
date in the Toltec history is 955 B. C. This was when the con- 
querors made a division of the land ; whence the inference that 
they began to arrive about 1000 B. C. The Toltecs had a long 
lease of power, but eventually, weakened by misgovernment and 
broken up by dissensions, they were forced to give place to the 
Aztecs, who appeared on the scene about two hundred and fifty 
years before the Sj^anish invasion, and continued to rule the coun- 
try till they were subdued by Cortez. Thus much for the history, 
as recorded in the American annals. It is but just to say that 
this account seems to be in some respects corroborated by the 
Phoenician and Tyrian writers, especially in regard to the antiquity 
and civilization of the American races ; for they record instances 
of ships being driven across the Atlantic and finding a land " wat- 
ered by several navigable streams and beautified with many gar- 
dens of pleasure, planted with divers sorts of trees and an abun- 
dance of orchards. The towns are adorned with stately buildings 
and banquetting houses, pleasantly situated in their gardens and 
orchards." The time when these ships were driven across could 


hardly have been later than 700 B. C, and was probably consider- 
al)ly earlier. I think I have shown that the civilization in North 
America h of a very ancient date. By a parity of roasoniii<j;, this 
may be proved in regard to South America. Xhere, too, the oKl 
structures have nearly all perished, time having brought every- 
thing possible to ruin. There, again, may be collected fragments 
of early history, which, when put together, go to show that the 
country was inhal»ited by an intelligent race as early as 2500 B.C. 

Science also lends its aid to assist in solving the question of 
anti(juity; but as usual, when science interferes in such matters, 
we are carried back an almost indefinite distance. l*rofessor 
Orton, in his work on " The Andes and the Amazon," makes the 
following remarkable declaration : " Geology and archaeology arc 
combining to prove that Sorato and Chimborazo have looked down 
upon a civiliz.'}tion far more ancient than that of the Incas, and 
perhaps coeval with the Hint flakes of Cornwall and the shell- 
mounds of Denmark. On the shores of Lake Titicaca are exten- 
sive ruins which antedate the advent of Manco-Capac, and may be 
as venerable as the lake dwellings of Geneva. Wilson has traced 
six terraces in going up from the sea through the province of 
Esmeraldas toward Quito, and underneath the living forest, which 
is older than the Spanish invasion, many gold, copper and stone 
vestiges of a lost population were found. In all cases these relics 
are found below high tide mark, in a bed of marine sediment, from 
which he infers that this part of the country formerly stood higher 
above the sea. If this be true, vast must be the autiipiity of these 
remains, for the upheaval and subsidence of the coast is exceed- 
ingly slow." I can but think that this estimation puts the origin 
of civilization far enough back to satisfy the most enthusiastic stu- 
duent of American archaeology. 

The third and last question, AVIio w'ere the authors of this civili- 
zation? next demands our attention. This is a subject about 
which there has long been much dispute. Able scholars have 
<liscussed the matter with a great display of learning, and self- 
supposed scholars have often made it the occasion of a great di^;- 
j)l:iy of ignorance. All sorts of theories have been advanced. 
Tall folios have been Avritten to show that the American races are 
descended from the " lost tribes of Israel," as witness Lord Kings- 
borough's works. Other volumes have been prepared with a view 


to establish the fact that the Phoenicians settled this continent. 
Still other books attribute this work to the Malays. Mr. C. G. 
Leland, an Englishman, recently made a very labored effort to 
prove that ancient America was indebted to the Chinese for its 
civilization, and, in strange contrast to this, Mr. Charles W. Brooks, 
an American, last year read a paper before the San Francisco 
Academy of Sciences, in which he attempted to show that the 
Chinese race derived its origin from the Peruvians. These theo- 
ries are all built upon very slender foundations, if foundation they 
may be said to have at all. A stray word here, an obscure custom 
there, and an odd instrument somewhere else are, in most cases, 
all they have to depend upon. What if the Phoenicians and Ma- 
lays did have communication with this continent in prehistoric 
times ? Does it necessarily follow from that that they peopled it 
or gave it its civilization ? England and France, separated only 
by a narrow channel, have had constant communication with each 
other for a thousand years, the respective races of each remaining 
the same, and yet the English have not anglicized France, nor 
have the French gallicized England. How small, then, must have 
been the effect upon the character and condition of the people of 
two continents, thousands of miles apart, of the scanty intercourse 
brought about by the occasional visits of trading ships ! As to the 
" lost tribes of Israel," there is not the slightest historical evidence 
that they ever left Asia, nor has anything worthy the name of 
proof been discovered in this country to indicate that they were 
ever here. Besides, as Mr. Baldwin justly remarks, " such a jour- 
ney " as that required to bring them here, " had it been possible, 
would have resulted in utter barbarism rather than any notable 
phase of civilized life." If we thus reject all the old theories, it 
may well be asked how we account for the presence of man on 
this continent, and to whom we ascribe the construction of the 
great works before mentioned. To this I answer that, for myself, 
I am inclined to adopt the "Atlantic Theory," which is based on 
the supposition that there formerly existed an extension of the 
A.merican continent reaching out toward the east from what is now 
the Gulf of Mexico, and almost meeting Europe ; that upon this 
peninsula or continent there existed in prehistoric times a very 
cultured people ; that it was, in fact, the cradle of the civilization 
of the world ; that thence men went out to subdue and civilize the 


rest of the earth ; tliat by n, tremendous cataclysm this land was 
eiifjiilfc'd, disa])poariii<i iK'Hcath the sea; that a few of the i»('()|iU> 
cscapi'il. and were the orii^inators of the civilization of ^Mexico, 
Central America and Pern ; that portions of the submerged terri- 
tory afterward rose, forming the islands known as the Antilles, 
lirasseur de Bourhourg is the great exponent of this theory. This 
learned Frenchman spent many years in Mexico and Central 
America, studying among the ruins. He became master of the 
IMaya language, and succeeded in translating the old books and in 
deciphering some of the inscriptions. He found abundant refer- 
ences to the cataclysm in the ancient manuscripts which he discov- 
ered and in the sculptures everywhere visible in the deserted cities. 
What is stranger still, he asserts that many of the rites j)racticed 
by the natives to-day, and which he personally observed, have sj>e- 
cial reference to the great convulsion. The common peoj)le do not 
know the meaning of these rites, but the priests keep the secret. 
Brasseur also cites several of the old Greek authors to show that 
the nations of the Eastern continent in ancient times had dealings 
with Atlantis. 

I would have liked much to have discussed this theory at length, 
thus giving a juster account of it, but it is not possible to do so in 
the brief space allotted to this essay. Indeed, to treat of the 
subject worthily would recpiire the whole of a separate paper, and 
therefore I will not attempt a further review of it here. 

It has been my endeavor to show in these pages that the remains 
found in various parts of the continent attest that there once lived 
here a race of men far advanced in the arts of civilized life ; that 
that race can be traced back to a very distant epoch ; and that its 
origin is not to be ascribed to any of the sources which it has been 
the custom of most writers on this subject to point out. I am 
deeply sensible that these questions have been treated of very 
iiuuleiiuately in this essay, but I trust that the lack of skill shown 
here will be the means of inciting other and abler investigators to 
research in this direction. 

In closing, I desire to express my obligation to Hon. John D. 
Baldwin, whose work on "Ancient America" has greatly assisted 
in the preparation of this paper. 


At a special meeting held June 9th, 1876, the 
Society voted not to accept the invitation to join in 
the public procession at the Centennial celebration 
on the Fourth of July, as many of its members were 
already engaged for duty on that day. 

At the regular meeting held Sept. 12th, 187G, the 
following paper on "Genealogy" was read by EUery 
B. Crane: 

3fr. President, and Members of The Worcester Society of Antiquity 
— Genealogy, the history of the desceut of a person or family from 
an ancestor, is to me a subject of jiarticular interest; and out of 
my limited study of family histories has grown a desire to know 
something of the records of the past concerning the different races 
who have inhabited the earth, and particularly that ancient and 
unknown people who have left behind them on this American con- 
tinent (as Mr. Baldwin tells us) " sUch lasting monuments of a cer- 
tain degree of civilization." The very able and interesting essay 
read by Mr. C. R. Johnson at our meeting held on the evening of 
June 6th of the present year gave us much information concerning 
this ancient race ; yet it left us, as no doubt it left him, thirsting 
after more knowledge relating to that antique people. 

This same mental thirst for additional facts, either in the direc- ' 
tion of the history of races or of families, stimulated now and then 
by a fresh, invigorating draught of information brought to light 
through the exploration of some old musty, time-worn town or 
church record, or it may be from the writings of some ancient 
English, French or Spanish traveller, or perchance it may be from 
a personal examination of the old ruins themselves, is perhaps one 
cause of the interest taken in ancient history, whether of men or 
nations. Yet from the remotest ages there has always existed 
among civilized people (and to some extent among the uncivilized) 
a desire to trace one's lineage and perpetuate its knowledge ; it 
seems, therefore, a principle of our nature. One of our prominent 
genealogists has said that among all the motives which operate on 
tlie human mind few exert more influence than those drawn fi'om 
liistory. If the intellectual, social and moral condition of nations 


ricli ill historical recollections he coiiiparcil with that of a |)eople 
chieily or wholly destitute of them, tlu; (lilVcrciicu will he found to 
1)1' Viist and striking. The strength of England and the United 
States is fed continually hy memories of Cressy and Agincoiu-t, of 
IJunker Hill and Saratoga, while long centuries of darkness and 
hondage have enfeehled the Chinese and the Irish. What is true 
of nations is also true of families. There is scarcely to be found 
an intelligent, public-spirited, virtuous man who can safely deny 
that his motives to virtue and patriotism are not strongly rein- 
forced by the consideration (if such were the fact) that his ances- 
tors were brave and upright men. "With Webster, let us believe 
that there is a moral and philosophical respect for one's ancestors 
which elevates the character and improves the heart. Burke 
truly said, " Those only deserve to be remembered by posterity 
who treasure up the history of their ancestors." 

Our American ancestry is certainly rich in moral strength. 
What we are to-day depends, to a very great extent, upon what 
our ancestors were before us. We are moulded largely after them. 
Let no man place dishonor on his ancestry, but rather let it be his 
solemn duty to ever hold it in high regard. How grand the accom- 
plishment for a person to be able to consider what his forefathers 
were; what they did one, two or three hundred years ago; what 
part they took in matters of Church or State — for there is no 
family without its ideal man. The history of a nation is largely 
made up of incidents of heroism or patriotism performed by its 
people, and really it is no more nor less than a collective history 
of the families composing that nation. Thus we see that by the 
writing of family memorials we are able to perpetuate the nation's 
history, and at the same time connect those families with the great 
transactions of the past, enabling posterity to detect what their 
ancestors had to do with the successive portions of the nation's 

The publication of these pedigrees, and the holding of family 
meetings, or reunions as they are sometimes called, has a salutary 
effect ; it tends to bring members of the family together and to 
bind them more closely in bonds of fraternal love and esteem. I 
have been a witness to good results from these family gatherings, 
iind have taken great pleasure in bringing face to fare relatives 


who might never have seen each other had it not heen for the 
family reunion, and doubtless would never have known of each 
other if the family history had not been written. I have met per- 
sons who came hundi'eds of miles to attend a meeting of this kind, 
hoping that there perhaps they might be able to see, or at least 
gain some knowledge concerning a relative whose whereabouts for 
years had been unknown to them, and in almost every instance 
success crowned their eifort. 

All persons that have given much attention to family histories 
have become deeply impressed with the varied relationships run- 
ning through the different families — how they are, as it were, 
woven together by marriage, one family with another. The effect 
is really peculiar. The descendants of families who were neigh- 
bors and intimate friends two hundred years ago find themselves 
to-day husband and wife. The rapidity with which they multiply 
seems almost incredible. In two hundred years, from one pro- 
genitor, the Rawson family increased to over seven thousand j)er- 
sons, including the intermarriages. 

To many persons genealogy is an uninteresting subject, and 
slow to attract their attention ; but, nevertheless, it has its ardent 
supporters, and not a few persons are to be found laboring stu- 
diously within this branch of historical record. They are doing a 
splendid work for posterity, who, in the coming ages, will rise up 
and call them blessed. My little experience has proven that the 
middle-aged persons and those past the prime of life are the most 
ready to take interest and render assistance in this kind of work. 
The younger people have so much to turn their minds in other 
channels, that not until they have taken upon themselves the more 
serious part of life and mastered many of its weighty problems, so 
that they begin to realize what this life means, that we should not 
live for mere self — then there comes the interest to be felt in 
others, and genealogical subjects are more readily taken up. 
Educated, thoughtful, representative men are always found ready 
to give their attention to this theme, so far as circumstances will 
admit. A man must, indeed, entertain a very low estimate for 
ancestral worth, and show very little regard for those noble patri- 
archs who spent their lives in improving and perfecting the insti- 
tutions which are to be so much enjoyed by every successive gene- 


ration, if he is not williiiii, cither witli his time or money, to 
cncourago tlie puhlieafion of family i>ocliirrees, and the infiuene(! 
arising from such, nnwillingncss cannot work for good ui)ou the 
minds of /ns children or those that come after them. 

Among the first questions that press themselves upon tlie mind 
of the genealogist for solution, these are perhaps the most promi- 
nent: Who were our first progenitors? From whence did they 
come ? When did they arrive in this country ? What was their 
condition in the old country ? When, where and how did they 
live? What were their occupations? What their characteristics, 
physical, moral? What position in society did they sustain? 
Wliat (if any) were the principal incidents of their lives ? These 
and many more must arise. But how and where can the answers 
he obtained ? Those who have had the most experience are the 
best prepared to point out the way of solution. I do not claim to 
have had sullicient practical accpiaintance with the subject to be 
able to dictate largely to others, but perhaps I can, in a general 
way, make some suggestions and give sonic hints that will prove 
of service to those of you who may enter upon this interesting yet 
mysterious, and sometimes almost fruitless, voyage. 

The answer to the first question, Who was our first progenitor? 
and perhaps to some of the others that follow, may be found in 
tradition. Many persons are able to tell you they are descended 
ironi liaronet or Sir Knight So-and-So, General Urown or Capt. 
Smith, who, years gone by, served his country with distinction and 
renown ; but about anything intermediate between that period and 
the record of their own family, they know nothing and care little. 
But this man, so proud of his nol)ility as to cherish and pass down 
to his children the name of their jirogenitor, renders valuable ser- 
vice in furnishing the family genealogist with the key-note to a 
melody which may gladden tlu; hearts of thousands of their fellow 
kin. After personal inquiries among the eldest surviving members 
of the family, should tradition fail to furnish the coveted solution, 
then search for the family records, and trace them back to the 
fountain-head. "Hotten's List of Emigrants to America" may 
perhaps give the name and time of arrival in this country. This 
book of Hotten's gives the names of a large number of persons 
who went from Great Britain to the American plantations from 


the year IGOO to 1700, with their ages, locations, where tliey for- 
merly lived in the mother country, and names of the ships in which 
they embarked, taken from manuscript records jireserved in the 
Public Records Office, London, by John C. Hotten, and published 
in 1874. 

It is very difficult to obtain satisfactory accounts of their con- 
dition in the mother country, and also where and how they lived, 
without visiting the old localities and examining the records that 
may be found there. 

Histories of nearly if not all the counties in England have been 
published, some of them, I am told, entering largely into family 
pedigrees, and they are very much needed by American genealo- 
gists, in order that the connecting links between the old English 
stock and the early settlers of the New England colonies may be 
better adjusted and understood. At the present time very few of 
these county histories are to be found in the United States. But 
Congress has taken the matter in hand, and an order has been 
passed to have them purchased for our National Library, where 
they may be consulted. Indexes to some of these histories are to 
be found in some American libraries, but they are by no means 
common. I anticipate that the wants of many persons who are 
anxious to find records of their ancestry in England will be grati- 
fied when a complete set of English county histories shall have 
become the property and in the possession of a public library on 
this side of the water. 

There are some standard books for genealogical reference to be 
found at the Antiquarian Library of our city, such as the New 
England Historical and Genealogical Register, numbering some 
thirty volumes; Dr. Savage's Genealogical Dictionary; Henry 
Bond's family memorials and genealogies of the families and 
descendants of the early settlers of Watertown, Mass. ; Genea- 
logical Notes, by Goodwin ; Genealogical Register of the First 
Settlers of New England, by John Farmer ; Vinton Memorials, 
by John A. Vinton ; Littell's First Settlers of the Passaic Valley ; 
also a very long list of county and town histories. The public 
owe a debt for the use of the library of the American Antiquarian 
Society that they never can well repay. There are by actual 
count 200 county and town histories containing genealogical notices 


of the early settlers, some of them finite extended, rind many, if 
not the greater part of them, can ho fonnd in our Antiquarian 

Daniel S. Durrie, I^ii)rarian of the State Historical Society of 
Wisconsin, has published an alphabetic index to American geneal- 
ogies and pedigrees. You will find in this index, under the name 
sought for, a reference given to numerous histories and works of 
other kinds, where ])erhaps the desired information may be found. 
There also has been prepared a catalogue of family histories by 
William II. Whittemore. The first edition appeared in 18G2, 
under the title, "Handbook of American Genealogy;" the second 
in I8C8, under the present title, "American Genealogist," which 
was again republished in 187 o. From this catalogue reference 
can be had to all the American family genealogies that had been 
published up to the month of June, 187o. 

In addition to the works already mentioned for reference, there 
are the numerous family liistories, of which a large number can 
be examined at this Anticpiarian Library. When unable to satisfy 
your desire from these family, town and county histories, then the 
original manuscript records of towns and church societies, where 
any member or your family has been a resident, must be carefully 
examined for births, deaths, marriages, etc. It is well to look 
over the probate records and registry of deeds to see what can be 
found there ; also the inscriptions on head-stones in our old l)urial 
grounds. If all the records upon the ancient tomb-stones, marking 
the final resting jjlaces of our forefathers, could be transcribed 
before they are forever lost, it would save to posterity a valuable 
register, and the pen of the future genealogist would render homage 
to the transcriber. Already many of those pristine monuments 
that were standing over the dust of those once noble sires have 
become weakened by the decay of ages, and wherever the slab is 
found on the sacred spot the characters have become so obliterated 
by the collection of lichen and rust as to place them almost beyond 
recfignition. A few records of this kind can be found in the His- 
torical and Genealogical Register, but it is a source of much regret 
that more of them have not been preserved. 

In searching I'ecords made in the early days of our colonial set- 
tlements, a ])cculiarity about the dates maybe noticed. Our Puri- 


tan forefathers began their year with March for the first montli, 
and the succeeding months were represented by successive num- 
bers. This was called the Old Style legal year in P^ngland, and 
in use i^revious to the year 1752. 

At the present time the town and city records of births, deaths 
and marriages are kept with such systematic thoroughness 
throughout New England, and particularly in the State of Massa- 
chusetts, that the future collector of family pedigrees will have 
comparatively an easy task from the present time forward, so long 
as the same system of registration shall be continued. 

The practice adopted by many of our colleges, of keeping a 
record of the lives of their sons and perpetuating the prominent 
points in their history, will exert a good influence over them, and, 
in the future, prove a very valuable reference for the family gene- 

To obtain records of a more recent date, it will be necessary, so 
far as possible, to have the names and the post-ofhce address of all 
persons bearing the same patronymic, to gain which it will be 
found profitable to consult all the town, city, county and State 
directories, reference books of the mercantile agencies, and all 
other books that you can find access to, out of which you would 
be quite sure of acquiring a good list. In the meantime circulars 
could be printed, with blank spaces, to send to each person on 
your list, that they may fill out the blanks and return them ; and 
it is very important that these circulars be so formed that the 
manner of filling up the blanks will be readily understood by those 
to whom they are sent, and when properly filled the information 
will be complete and comprehensive. Caution should be given 
against writing obscurely, for it sometimes happens that records 
not clearly written in the original manuscript cause serious errors 
in the printed page, impairing its value and producing dissatisfac- 
tion in the family where the inaccuracy occurs. 

A work of this kind requires much time for preparation. It 
never should be hurried through. Success depends on its thor- 
oughness and accuracy. Discouragements in various forms will 
present themselves, but with a firm determination to conquer any 
obstacle that stands in your way, success will at last be the reward 
for your labor. 

Genealogical subjects did not occupy the minds of the early set- 
tlers of our New England colonies to any great extent. They 
were more thoughtful for the safety and welfare of their families, 
the enjoyment of their religious liberty, and the success of their 
settlements, than the publication of independent family histories. 
They rather preferred making their record in one grand colonial 
history, where each family might be represented by their self-sac- 
rifice and devotion of life for liberty and true patriotism. 

The earliest genealogy, in a distinct form, published in the 
United States is believed to be that of Mr. Sanmel Stebbins and 
Hannah, his wife, from the year 1707 to the time of its publica- 
tion in Hartford, Ct., in 1771, containing 24 pages, and printed by 
Ebenezer "Watson. But one other (that of the Chauncey family, 
in 1787,) was published previous to 180G. From lyOG to the 
year 1800, 4-1 years, about 7'J were published; within the next 10 
years G3 genealogies were i)rinted ; and in the 10 years succeeding 
1870, 242 came from the printer's hands ; during the five years 
previous to 1875 (at which time my record ceases) 135 were 
issued, showing that there has been steadily developed a growing 
interest in this kind of work; and I anticipate that the nundjer of 
genealogical publications for the live years ending in 1880 will far 
outrank that of the same period of five years preceding it. 

As to the arrangement of matter for jMiblication, style to be 
adopted, etc., there are almost as many dift'erent modes as there 
are books, for each compiler in the past seems to have carried out 
a peculiar arrangement of his own, many of them being ratlier 
dilficult to comprehend. But of late a certain state of perfection 
has been attained by some of our best compilers, and their diction 
has been imitated by others, always, however, subject to some 
slight change to meet certain requirements that the work might 
present. The more clear and plain the style, the more readily it 
will be understood and appreciated. I prefer the method of 
arranging each generation in regular order by itself, jjnd one gen^j- 
ration after the other, with consecutive numbers prefixed and suf- 
fixed for reference, both forward and back, to the several names 
when they occur — as parent or child. The value of such records 
it is hardly possible to estimate, and the various connections and 
relationships that arc developed by working out these family his- 


tories gives satisfaction to many a restless desire. In collecting 
material for the Rawson family memorial, persons were found who 
had lost all knowledge of some brother, uncle or cousin, who, 
through the working of some unforeseen change of events, had 
passed beyond reach of each other. In almost every instance, the 
l^ersons themselves or their children were brought into communi- 
cation with each other again. 

If your patience will allow me, I would like to cite one instance 
which will perhaps better illustrate my meaning of the value to be 
])laced on such pedigrees. . Some of you may recall an article that 
appeared in the Worcester Daily Spy, some months ago, relating 
to a Mr. Rawson, surgeon in the United States navy during the 
war of 1812. The close of that war found him in the port of 
Buenos Ayres, South America. He went into one of the interior 
provinces of what is now called the Argentine Republic, and set- 
tled in the city of Meudoza, capital of the province of Mendoza. 
Here he married a Spanish lady and became the father of twa 
sons. In January, 1847, he died, after having devoted nearly 
thirty years of his life for the advancement of the best interests of 
the community where he lived and the education of his children. 
The eldest of them became an artist of some note in his own coun- 
try, and died in 1871. The other son. Dr. Guillermo Rawson, 
now 55 years of age, is a graduate of both the University and 
Medical College of Buenos Ayl-es ; was Minister Secretary of the 
Interior under General Mitre, receiving his appointment in 18G2, 
and at present filling several posts of honor and trust, such as 
Senator in the Argentine Congress, Professor of Public Hygiene 
in the Medical Faculty of Buenos Ayres, Chairman of the Board 
of Consulting Physicians of the Sanitary Institute in that city, and 
also delegate to the International Medical Congress, which has 
just closed its session at Philadelphia. All the old family letters 
and papers belonging to the senior Dr. Rawson had been destroyed 
by fire before the sons were of sufficient age to remember their 
contents, and at their father's death all knowledge of their ancestry 
was lost ; so that this educated, thinking man found himself with- 
out information concerning his progenitors beyond his own father, 
exce])t he remembered that his father came from New England, 
and for tin; past ten or twelve years, through his own efforts as 


well as those of his friends, he had been trying to connect himself 
with some branch of the family here, hut all to no purpose, and 
the matter had been dropped. But last Fall it was my j)rivile;:;e 
to find the connecting link, and J at once apprised him of the fact, 
at Buenos Ayres. The expression of joy and satisfaction that 
came in return from him iij his letter to me, fully repai<l me fur 
the trouble I had taken in his behalf. This connection, doubtless, 
never would have been revealed iuid it not been for the republica- 
tion of the Rawson memorial. It was the direct means of bring- 
ing about this happy result. 

Tliis centennial year will offer a rich harvest for the genealo- 
gist, as well as the historian. It has already awakened fresh 
interest in historical matters relating to our country, and genealogy 
nuist receive its share of attention. 

A committee, consisting of Ellery B. Cnme, Albert 
A. Lovell and Franklin P. Rice, was appointed to 
copy the inscriptions on the tombstones in Mechanic 
street and other old burial grounds in and about the 
city. At the meeting held November 11th, 1876, the 
above named committee made a partial report, stating 
that they have copied and arranged alphabetically 
more than 300 inscriptions, and that they propose to 
add short biographical sketches in a large number of 
cases. A final and complete report will not be made 
for some time to come. 

At the close of 1876, we find that there is an in- 
creased interest being manifested on the part of our 
members and others in the advancement of the ob- 
jects of the society, giving promise of a successful 
work in the years before us. 

With abundant hope of future successes we finish 
the record of the year with a good measure of pre- 
paration for the labors and pleasures that await us. 



For the Year 1877. 

The anniical meeting was held at the residence of 
Samuel E. Staples, No. 1 Lincoln Place, Jan. 2d, 1877. 

The revised Constitution, presented at the last 
regular meeting in 1876, was read by the Secretary 
and adopted. 

The President then made a few congratulatory 
remarks relating to the progress of the Society dur- 
ing the past two years, stating that he deemed it 
unnecessary to make any formal address, as the entire 
ground would be covered by the annual reports of 
the several officers. 

The Reports of the Secretary, Treasurer and Libra- 
rian were read and placed on file. 


To the Officers and Members of The Worcester Society of Anti- 
quity : 
The Secretary, in reviewing the history and proceedings of the 
Society during the past two years, will not attempt any elabora- 
tion, but confine himself to a simple narration of facts, regretting 
that this duty should have fallen upon him for its performance, 
rather than upon another better (pialified. 

FIRST YEAR— lH7.->. 

The first j)ix'limiriary meeting of tliis Society was lielil at (In- 
residence of Samuel E. Staples, No. 1 Lincoln Place, January 24, 
1875, agreeably to an invitation given to several gentlen)en to 
meet and consult upon the expediency of forming a society or 
association, the objects of which should bo " to foster iu its mem- 
bers a love and admiration for antiquarian research and archa'o- 
logical science, and to rescue from oblivion such historical matter 
as would otherwise be lost." There were present at this meeting 
Samuel E. Staples, John G. Smith, Franklin P. Rice and Richard 
O'Flynn. The subject of forming a society or association for such 
purposes was freely discussed, and the unanimously expressed 
oi)inion of those ])resent was that such an organization would be 
useful and its mission beneficial, provided that a sulDcient number 
of persons interested in its objects would unite in its formation, 
attend its meetings, and contribute to its interest and support. It 
was decided, before any formal action be taken, that another meet- 
ing be called and other persons of similar tastes be invited to be 
present. At this meeting Samuel E. Staples presented the draft 
of a Constitution — the substance of the j)resent one — as a basis 
of the organization. 

At the second preliminary meeting, held January 30, 187a, at 
the otRcc of Tyler «fc Seagrave, No. 442 Main street, the meeting 
was organized by the choice of Samuel E. Staples as chairman, and 
Daniel Seagrave as secretary. There were present Samuel E. 
Staples, John G. Smith, Franklin P. Rice and Daniel Seagrave. 

The subject of forming a society or association, as set forth in 
the letter of invitation, was considered, and it was unanimously 
voted to proceed with such purpose. The draft of a Constitution 
presented at the previous meeting was discussed at length, and 
subsequently referred to a committee, to report upon the same at a 
future meeting. 

At the third preliminary meeting, held February 13, 187."j, at 
the same place as the previous meeting, the committee to whom 
was referred the Constitution, made their report upon the same, 
which, with some slight amendments, was adopted. 

At the first regular meeting, held March 2, 1875, at the ofhce 
of Tyler & Seagrave, 442 Main street, the organization of the 
Society was completed by the election of the following olficers : 


Samuel E. Staples, President. 
Henry D. Bauber, Vice President. 
Daniel Seagrave, Secretary. 
Henry F. Stedman, Treasurer. 
John G. Smith, Librarian. 

Reports of acquisitions by members to their resjiective collec- 
tions have been made from time to time, showing what and how 
much each had gathered in his specialty. 

The aggregate of collections during the first twelve months was 
quite satisfactory, possibly all that the most hopeful might have 
had reason to expect. Notwithstanding the paucity of our num- 
bers, more than 1000 volumes and more than 1500 pamphlets, 
treating upon a great variety of subjects, besides much other valu- 
able miscellaneous matter, such as portraits, views, autographs, 
coins, medals, etc., have been gathered, from which the history of 
the past may be written, and which shall be of advantage to the 
future historian. Among the many works collected are Belknap's 
History of New Hampshire, 3 vols. ; Hutchinson's History of 
Massachusetts and Barber's Historical Collections ; Williams' His- 
tory of Vermont, 2 vols. ; Whitney's History of Worcester County 
with map, published in 1793, and scores of town histories, histori- 
cal addresses, etc., many of which are very valuable and hardly 
attainable at any price. 

A good degree of interest has been manifested on the part of 
the members in their attendance at the meetings. At the close of 
the first year there were twelve names upon the roll of member- 
ship. Twelve meetings (three preliminary, nine regular and spe- 
cial,) have been held, in most cases at the residences of the mem- 
bers, by special invitation, and, although they have been somewhat 
informal and of a social character, yet they have been profitable 
and interesting. 


The second year of the existence of the Society has not been 
without its gratifying results — a growing interest, an increase of 
numbers, and a large average attendance at its meetings. 

Two very interesting and instructive essays — one by Mr. Charles 
R. Johnson, upon the " Vestiges of Ancient American Civilization," 


and the other by Mr. Ellery B. Crane, the subject of which was 
" Geiieahi^y" — have been read before the Society during the past 
year, and it is hoped that these may find a ]ilace in our Proceed- 
ings, whenever the same shall be published. 

During the past year the Constitution has been carefully revised, 
in order to meet the present and prospective wants of the Society. 

I have the pleasure to report that the members have made large 
and varied additions to their respective libraries and collections, 
numbering in the aggregate nearly 1000 volumes of books, more 
than 1500 pamphlets, 300 portraits and views, 700 coins and med- 
als, and numerous autographs, etc. It is also gratifying to know 
that much of this valuable historical matter — much of it gathered 
from the waste-box, and thus snatched from the jaws of the j)aper 
mill — is saved to enrich the literary resources of the city of Wor- 

Among the many rare and valuable volumes secured and deserv- 
ing mention in this report, many of which arc fine specimens of 
printing and well preserved, are the following : 

Piers' Ploughman (written,) 1302 

Sciinonos (luailrayisiinalos, Utino, (ilium.) Veiilco 147:^ 

SvL'tonivs Do Vita XII. Ca'sarvm, Milan 1475 

De Picceptis (illuminated,) Venice 1478 

Now Testament (reprint,) Cologne 152(i 

New Testament (reprint,) Geneva ir>r>7 

Daynty Denises, London 1570 

Breeches Bible (illustrated,) Loudon 1016 

Mappe of Rome, London 1020 

David's Teares, London 1032 

Qnarles' Emiiloms (illustrated,) London I(i34 

Overbury's Wife, London 1038 

O vid's Met:nnori)hoses, London 1040 

Critica Sacra, London 1042 

Lof Sancic, Amsterdam 1050 

Gondibert, London 1051 

Jliddie State of Souls, London 105V) 

Field's Bible, 2 vols., folio (illustrated,). ..Cambridge.. ..1(«J0 

Muggleton's Works, London 1001 

Works of Jacob Cats (illustrated,) Amsterdam 10<15 

Theatre of Human Life (illustrated,) Brussels 1072 

Clavis ITomerieus, Rotterdam 1073 

Baxter's Saint's Rest, London 1088 

Meditations of Antoninus, London 10(t2 


Rome Illustrated, Amsterdam 1695 

A Modest Inquiry into the Nature of Witchcraft, Boston, 1697 

A Confession of Faith, Boston 1699 

Law of Nature, and of Nations, Oxford 1703 

Remains of Perron, _.. London... 1707 

Bon Mots, The Hague.— 1719 

Poetical Register, 2 vols, (portraits,) London 1723 

Erasmus' Praise of Folly (illustrated,) London 1726 

Indian Converts, London 1727 

Duncan's Csesar (illustrated,) London 1753 

Gay's Fables (illustrated,) London .1755 

Walton and Cotton's Angler (illustrated,) -London 1750 

The Chace (illustrated,) London -.1767 

Winchester's Poems, Boston.. 1773 

Treatise on Fortifications (illustrated,). —London 1774 

Laws of Massachusetts, Boston .1790 

Bruce's Travels (illustrated,) 5 vols., Edinburgh 1790 

Collins' Poems (illustrated,). ..London 1798 

Religious Emblems (illustrated,) London 1809 

Chinese Testament, Canton 1813 

Fontaine's Fables (illustrated,). Paris 1813 

Chinese Map, 

The Oldest Book ix Worcester County. — " Sermones 
Quadragisimales de legibus fratris Leonardi De Utino sacre iheo- 
logie doctoris." This is the title of a large folio volume, con- 
taining 800 pages, in Latin, printed on thick paper, without 
title page or date, as was the case with the first books printed. 
Upon the back of the cover, which is of wood and covered with 
hog skin, is the date 1473-5, but it is the opinion of good 
judges that it is even older than those figures indicate. The leaves 
are without running title, number of pages, signatures, or divisions 
into paragraphs. It is printed in ancient black letter, and the 
words at the ends of lines are not divided by hyphens. It has 
two columns on each page, with wide margin, and the words are 
very much abbreviated, with no punctuation marks excei)t the 
colon and period. Proper names and sentences are begun with 
small letters, and the name and residence of the printer, as well as 
the date, were omitted, all of which indicate great antiquity. This 
book is illuminated from beginning to end, on every '^••xgQ, and is 
probably the best preserved book of its age in this country. 

Since the above was written, it has been ascertained from a 
woi'k in the American Antiquarian Society's Library that this 
book was printed at Veiii(;e in 1473. 


Anotiiku Rakitv. — I must not fail to mention an cilition of 
'^Svetonii'S De Vita XIL Ccrsarvm, McJioJani, 147/i," (Suetonius' 
Lives of the Twelve Ciesars, published in Milan in 147o.) A brief 
description I quote somewhat from the language of another. 

This work was executed by Philip de Lauagnia, who styled 
himself the first printer of the Latin race, and was associated f(ir a 
time with Antonius Zarotus, afterwards with the German Waldo- 
pel, and later with John Bonus. This book, which is a fine speci- 
men of early printing, and in excellent preservation, is printed on 
heavy paper sized with parchment, a greater portion of the j)ages 
being as bright and clean as when they left the press, while on 
others are annotations in Latin. Space is left throughout the 
work for illuminated initials to be inserted by hand, which work 
was never done. It is a quarto, with wide margin, and compares 
remarkably well with the best specimens of modern priHiting. 
From a manuscript note on the fly leaf, the book is snjjposed to 
have once belonged to the library of Lord Spencer. 

Books published at so early a date are exceedingly rare, it 
being but about thirty-five years after the first use of metal type 
with engraved faces. The publication of the Lives of the Ca?sars 
precedes by one year the first Greek book ever printed, which 
was the Greek Grammar of Constantino Lascaris, executed at 
Milan by Dionysius Paravisinus, in 147G, and by six years the 
first printed portion of the Holy Scriptures in Greek — viz.: The 
Psalms — issued there in 148L There is in the Library of the 
Athenanun at Turin a book printed by IMiilip de Lauagnia in 
Milan, bearing date of 14G9, viz.: "The Miracles of Notre 
Dame." The oldest printed volume in possession of the Ameri- 
can Antiquarian Society, locatc<l in this city, is a Latin translation 
of Herodotus, printed by Arnold Pennartz, at Rome, in 147r>. 

Among the rarest of American publications may be mentioned 
the following original edition: "A Modest Inquiry into the Nature 
of Witchcraft, and How Persons Guilty of that Crime may be 
Convicted: And the Means used for their Discovery Discussed, 
both Negatively and Aihrmatively, according to Scripture and 
Experience. By John Hale, Pastor of the Church of Christ in 
Beverly. With an Introduction to the work, by John Higginson, 

> 48 

Pastor of the Church in Salem. Anno Domini 1697. Boston in 
N. E. Printed hy B. Green, and F. Allen, for Benjamin Eliot" 
In the catalogue of Mr. William Menzies' collection this work is 
classed as excessively rare, indeed the rarest of all the works 
relating to the New England Witchcraft Delusion. So far as 
known, there are but three copies of this work extant. 

In connection with Eliot's Indian Bible, for rarity, may be men- 
tioned the following work, only Jive copies of which are now 
known to exist, and are to be found in the libraries of the Ameri- 
can Antiquarian Society, the Massachusetts Historical Society, the 
Prince Library, the collection of the late George Brinley, and in 
the private collection of Mr. John G. Smith, the Librarian of 
this Society. This work is printed in English on one page, 
and on the opposite page in the Indian or Algonkin language, 
which was the spoken language of the aborigines of New Eng- 
land. It is dedicated " To the Honorable William Stoughton, 
Esq., Lieutenant Governour of His Majestie's Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England ; and to the Reverend In- 
crease Mather, D. D., Teacher of the Second Church of Christ 
in Boston, and President of Harvard College in Cambridge." 
The title is as follows: "A Confession of Faith Owned & 
consented unto by the Elders & Messengers of the Churches 
Assembled at Boston in Neio England, May 12. 1680. Being the 
Second Session of that SYNOD.— Eph. 4. 5 [and Col. 2. 5 ; 3 
lines]. — Boston. Re-printed by Bartholomew Green, and John 
Allen. 1699." 

The Indian title page reads as follows : 

" Wunnamptamoe SAMrooAONK Wussampoowontamun Nashpe 
moeuwehkomunganash ut New-England. Qushkenuniun en In- 

diane Unnontowaonganit. — Nashpe Grindal Bawson, Si-c 

MusiiAuwOMUK. Printeuun nashpe Bartholomew Green, kah 
John Allen. 1699. 16mo." 

Another work of more than ordinary interest is entitled : " Indian 
Converts : or Some Account of the Lives and Dying Speeches of 
a Considerable Number of the Christianized Indians of Martha's 
Vineyard, in New Eiigland, viz. : I. Of Godly Ministers. II. Of 
Other Good Men. IIL Of Religious Women. IV. Of Pious 


Young Persons. By Expcjiience Mayhew, M. A., Prfarlicr of 
the Gospel to the Indians of that Island. To which is added, 
Some Account of those En<^lish IVIinistors who have Successively 
Presided over the Indian work iu that and tlie adjacent Inlands. 
By Mr. Prince. 8", pp. xxiv., 310, 16. London: Printed for 
Samuel Gerrish, in New England. 1727." 

Such a collection of rarities as the above ought not to be scat- 
tered, but, on the other hand, saved complete, to increase the lite- 
rary wealth of some public institution in our city or county. 

Tiie meetings of the Society during the past year have been 
held as formerly, at the residences of its members. While all 
have been ])leasantly accommodated, and each and all cordially 
welcomed thereto, wherever the meeting has been held, yet all 
have felt the need, as our numbers increased, of larger accommo- 
dations at some central point, easily accessible to all. It is hoped 
that the time is not far in the future when the members shall 
realize all that they have ever anticipated — in having a pleasant 
and commodious place for holding their meetings, and a good 
library, with its useful appendages, etc., for their convenience and 

Tlie Society has held twelve meetings during the past year, 
with a fair average attendance of its members at eaeli session. 

At this date the Society has a membership of thirty — twenty- 
seven active and three honorary members. 

Respectfully submitted, 

DANIEL SE AG RAVE, Secretary. 
Worcester, Mass., Jan. 2, 1877. 

The meetings of the Society, thus far, having ])een 
held at the residences of the members, and the few 
expenses incurred having been paid by voluntary 
contributions, up to January 1st, 1877, the duties of 
tlie Treasurer have been far from burdensome, as 
will be seen by the following report : 


Worcester, Mass., Jan. 2, 1877. 

James A. Smith, Treasurer pro iem., in account with 

The Worcester Society of Antiquity. 

1876. Dr. 

Cash received of Secretary, 

Daniel yeagrave $4 00 

Casli received of President, 

Samuel E. Staples 1 00 

$5 00 

Cash paid to Tyler & Sea- 
grave.. $4 00 

Cash on hand 1 00 

$5 00 

JAMES A. SMITH, Treasurer pro tern. 


It is unnecessary to say that this Society was formed for the 
purpose of collecting books and other historical matter, without 
the expectation of establishing a library for public consultation, 
though it was supposed by some that such might be the result at 
some future day. 

During the first year of our existence as a Society, each member 
made collections for himself, without much reference to the fact 
that a large portion of the libraries of the several members might 
be brought together as one ; but during the present year such 
interest has been manifested in our efforts as to warrant the hope 
that this Society may soon establish a library for j)ublic use. 

We have received the following donations : 

Algkrt a. Lovell. — His "Worcester in the War of the Revolution; 
Embracing the Acts of the Town of Worcester from 17G5 to 178o, inclu- 
sive, with an Appendix." 

Ellery B. Crank. — His " Rawson Family. — A Revised Memoir of Edward 
Rawson, Secretary of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay from 1650 to 
1686, with Genealogical Notes of his Descendants." 

Hon. Charles Hitdson. — The Dedication of Town and Memorial Hall, 
Lexington, 1871 ;" his "Abstract of the History of Lexington, from its 
First Settlement to the Centennial Anniversary of the Declaration oi 
our National Independence, July 4th, 1876;" his " Lexington Centen- 
nial, 1775 to 1785." 


Danikl Skaouavk. — Tliice Ceiiteiiiii:il Exhibition pamililcts. 

RiciiAiU) O'Flynn. — rsaim Took ami Kuconl Book. 

Nathaniel (for the City Committee on Printing tlie Fourtii of 
July Proceedings.) — " Celehnilion by the Iniiabitants of Worcester, 
Mass., of llie Centennial Anniversary of tlic Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, July -Ith, 1870." 

Clakk Jillson. — "Celebration by the Inhabitants of Worcester, Mass., 
of tlie Centennial Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, July 
4th, 1S70, incliidinj; tlie Oration of Hon. Benjamin F. Thomas. LL.D., to 
wliicli are added Uistorical and Chronological Notes;" "Singing by the 
Pupils of the Public Schools, July 4th, 1876;" his "Address Delivered 
at Worcester, Feb. 10th, 1874, at the First Reunion of the Sons of Ver- 
mont; together with Ttiayts, Sentiments, Siteeches, Poetry and Song;" 
his "Valedictory Address, delivered before the City Council of Worces- 
ter, December 29th, 1876." 

Respectfully submitted, 

JOHN G. SMITH, Librarian. 
Worcester, Mass., Jan. 2, 1877. 

The Society then proceeded to elect its officers, as 
follows : 

President — Samuel p]. Staples. 

Vice Presidents — Ellery B. Cuane, Clark Jillson. 
Secretary — Daniel Seaoravk. 
Treasurer — Jajies A. Smith. 
Librarian — John G. Smith. 

executive committee. 

Samuel E. Staples, I Ellery B. Crane, 

Clark Jillson, | Daniel Seaorave, 

James A. Smith, 
standing committee on nominations. 
Albert A. Lovell, for one year. 
Franklin P. Rice, for two years. 
Charles R. Johnson, for tlirec years. 

Clark Jillson was appointed a committee of one to 
take such action as might be necessary to incorpor- 

ate the Society under the laws of the Common- 
wealth, and the Secretary was appointed a commit- 
tee to prepare a design for a seal. 

The Committee on the "Old Burial Grounds" 
made a partial report in relation to biographical 
sketches of some of those interred therein, several of 
which were read by Albert A. Lovell, to the great 
satisfiiction of all present. 

The Society then adjourned to meet on the third 
Tuesday evening of January, 1877, at the residence 
of Ellery B. Crane, No. 19 Benefit street. 

The adjourned annual meeting was held as per 
adjournment, and the Executive Committee, to whom 
was referred the matter of the publication of the 
transactions of the Society had been referred, made 
the following report, which was adopted : 


To the President of The Worcester Society of Antiquity : 

The Executive Committee, to whom was referred the matter of 
printing the Proceedings of The Worcester Society of An- 
tiquity, have attended to the business submitted to them, and 
report : 

That the interests of the Society at the present time seem to 
require the publication of its Proceedings for the years 187a-'6. 
Your committee deem it of great importance that this publication 
should embrace a minute, detailed account of the organization of 
the Society, giving such facts and dates as may be useful for 
future refei-ence ; and they appointed Clark Jillson, one of their 
number, to prepare the matter for publication, all of which is now 
neai'ly completed. 

For the purpose of defraying the expense of this publication, 
we recommend the levy of an assessment upon the active members 
of the Society of three dollars each ; and that each member paying 


such assessment be entitled to two copies, with llie riiijht to pur- 
chase others at such price as tlic Society niay (leterniinc. 
All of whicli is respectfully sul)niitte(l. 

Samuel E. Staples, 
Clauk Jillson, 
Elleky B. Crank. 
Daniel Seaguave, 
James A. Smith. 

The committee, Daniel Seagrave, who was appoint- 
ed for the purpose, presented a design for a Seal, and 
upon his suggestion it was voted that each memher 
of the Society he invited to prepare a design and 
present the same for inspection at the next meeting. 

The Society voted to levy an assessment upon the 
members of three dollars each to defray the expense 
of printing the Proceedings, as recommended by the 
Executive Committee, and the meeting was then 

The iollowincr letters have been received from 
those who have been elected honorary members of 
this Society : 

CAMiJUiDCEroKT, Mass., Nov. 27, 187G. 

Dear Sik — Yours of the 24th instant, announcing my election 
as an honorary member of The "Worcester Society of Anti- 
quity is at hand. I pray you to assure the Society that I fully 
appreciate the honor thus conferred upon me. 

Truly yours, 

Daniel Seagrave, Esq., Secretary, etc. 

Lexington, Dec. 30, 1876. 
To Daniel Seagrave, Esq., Secretary of Wor. Society of Antiqrtity : 
Dear Sir — Your favor of the IGth, informing me that I have 
been elected an honorary member of The Worcester Society of 


AntiquIty, was duly received. I hereby signify my acceiitarice 
of the position, and my thanks for the honor conferred upon 
me. If I can aid you iu your object, I shall gladly do it. I send 
you herewith a small packet of pamphlets. 

Respectfully yours, 


Worcester, Mass., Feb. 13, 1877. 
Daniel Sea grave, Esq., Secretary of 

The Worcester Society of Antiquity : 
Dear Sir — I have received your communication informing me 
that I have been " unanimously elected an honorary member " of 
your Society. Allow me, through you, to express my thanks to 
the Society for this honor and expression of good will. I have 
full sympathy with the aims of your Society, and I shall find spe- 
cial j^leasure in doing what I can to aid it in promoting these aims. 
I should rejoice to see the disposition to " remember the days that 
are past," and to collect, for preservation, memorials of the past 
generations, much more prevalent than it is now. 
Very respectfully, yours, 


Mr. Daniel Seagrave, Secretary, " 

Dear Sir : — I am in receipt of your notice that I have been 
chosen au Honorary Member of " The Worcester Society of 
Antiquity." With my acceptance of the honor, I desire to express 
to you and your associates my thanks, and my appreciation of your 


Very truly, your friend, 

Worcester, Feb'y 17, 1877. 

At the regular meeting held February 6th, at the 
residence of James A Smith, No. 31 Wachusett 
street, several designs for a Seal were presented and 


examined. The Secretary instructed to invite 
all the members of the Society to prepare and bring 
designs to his ollice and express their preference 
after careful examination of all those presented. The 
President and Vice-Presidents were appointed a Com- 
mittee to select a design for a Seal from those to be 
presented, or make such cojnbination of any two or 
more as they might thinls. best, and cause a Seal to 
be engraved therefrom. 

Mr. Thomas J. Hastings, Representative to the 
General Court from Dist. No. 18, presented the Socie- 
ty with ten volumes of public documents. 

At the meeting held March 6th, 1877, at the resi- 
dence of Edward I. Comins, No. 46 Wellington street, 
a communication was received and read by the Sec- 
retary from Clarendon Harris, Esq., of Worcester, in 
acknowledgment of his election to Honorary Mem- 
bership in this Society. 

Mr. Jillson, at the request of the Chairman of the 
Connnittee on procuring a Seal, read the ibllowing 
report which was accepted, and the Seal Avhich the 
Connnittee had procured was adopted as the Seal of 
the Society. 


Tho Committee appointed to select a desiirn and procure a Seal 
for Tlie Worcester Society of Aiiti<|uity, have attended to the 
duty assigned them and submit the following Rej)ort : 

At the annual meeting of the Society, held January 2d, Daniel 
Seagrave was appointed a Committee to jirepare a design for a 
Seal, and in the performance of that duty, he presented one for 
inspection at the adjourned meeting held January ICth. At this 
meeting, upon his rocpiest, it was voted that the otiier members of 


the Society be requested to prepare and present designs at the fol- 
lowing meeting. Ellery B. Crane, Dvvight A. Davis, Albert 
Tyler, and Daniel Seagrave, responded to the invitation. 

Subsquently, in accordance with a vote of the Society, request- 
ing all the membei's to prepare and bring in designs for examina- 
tion at the office of the Secretary, E. E.. Lawrence, E. H. Mar- 
shall, John G. Smith, and Henry Phelps, complied with the 
request, which, together with those before presented, made a total 
number of twelve. Either one of these was well conceived, truly 
suggestive, and in some respects, well adapted to the jjurpose pro- 
posed. But as there were various designs, so as a matter of course, 
there was a difference of opinion as to which design was best 
suited to our purpose. It was therefore voted, that the whole 
matter be referred to a Committee consisting of Samuel E. Sta- 
ples, Clark Jillson, and Ellery B. Crane, with authority to make a 
selection and procure the engraving of a Seal, after the members 
should have an ojjportunity to pass judgment upon the designs 
presented and express their choice in the matter. This opportu- 
nity was given them on February 10th, at the office of the Secre- 
tary, when the last designs were presented in accordance with the 
vote of the Society. 

The Committee in the performance of the duty assigned them, 
after a careful consideration of the various designs presented, and 
in accordance with the suggestion of a number of members of the 
Society, thought it best to make a combination of ideas contained 
in a number of the designs, thus securing a more perfect embodi- 
ment of thought than was manifest in any one of those submitted 
to them. 

The Society has a very wide and extensive range for its inquir- 
ies and researches, as its name indicates, and in this may be seen 
the fitness of the emblems adopted. The Committee will not at- 
tempt to give a full description of the Seal which they present as 
the result of their labors, but will only explain a few of the lead- 
ing thoughts which they think it aptly presents to the considera- 
tion of the intelligent student of history. The prominent figure in 
the foreground and that which first attracts the attention, is a rep- 
resentation of a vase found in one of the mounds of the State of 
Ohio. This indicates earlier civilizations and settlements of this 


Continent than till within a few years, liad been supposeil prolia- 
ble. But late researches liave establisiied the fact beyond a rea- 
sonable doubt, of a settlement here, and an advanced state uf civiliz- 
ation, that was not known by the early writers and liistorians of 
this land. Ancient implements of war are also grouped together, 
and beneath them all are the volumes of arclieological science ex- 
emplifying the legend upon the scroll, " Litcra scripta manet,'" — 
'• the written letter remains." The distant perspective presents the 
Pyramids, the Sphinx, and Cleopatra's Needle, all indicating the 
early civilization of Egypt, the seat of ancient learning. 

The Committee would have been glad to have incorporated with 
these emblems something especially suggestive of New England 
history, but it was found dillicult to select a suitable emblem that 
has not already been used by some other kindred Society. 

AVe would hereby express our thanks to each an<l all of the gen- 
tlemen who have in any way assisted us in this matter, and submit 
as the result of our completed, though somewhat diflicult task, the 
accompanying Seal, which we hope may be acceptable to all who 
are now or may liereaftcr become members of TiiK AVoucKSTiiU 


Respectfully submitted, 


"Worcester, ]\larch G, 1877. 

The Coinniilteo appointed January 2(1, to take 
action in relation to procuring an Act of Incorpora- 
tion, made the following report, which was accepted, 
and its recommendations adopted : 

To the President and Members of The Worcester Society of 
Antiquity : 
The Committee to whom was referred the matter of taking 
measures to obtain an Act of Incori)oration, report: — 

That the Society may become a corporate body under the Clen- 
eral Laws of the Commonwealth ; and that an agreement has 


been duly signed by the requisite number of persons, members of 
this Society, who have been legally notified to meet here at this 
time, for the purpose of organizing a corporation, to be known by 
the name of The Worcester Society op Antiquity. 

Your Committee recommend that those pex'sons who have been 
thus legally notified, proceed at once to organize a corporation as 
and for the purposes set forth in said agreement, in accordance 
with the Laws of the Commonwealth. 

Respectfully submitted, 



Worcester, March G, 1877. 

The above report was accepted, and its recom- 
mendations adopted. 

The meeting was then adjourned sine die. 





We, wliose names arc liercto subscribed, do, by tbis agree- 
ment, associate ourselves with the intention to constitute a corpor- 
ation according to the provisions of the three hundred and seventy- 
fifth chapter of the Acts of the General Court of the Common- 
wealth of Maasacluisetts, passed in the year eighteen hundred and 
seventy-four, approved June twenty-seventh, in said year. 

The name by which the corporation shall be known is Tin: 
WoKCKSTEu Society of Antiquity. 

The purpose for which the corporation is constituted is: — 

1st. To cultivate and encourage among its members a love and 
admiration for antiquarian research and arclucological science; and, 
so far as possible, to rescue from oblivion any historical matter 
that might otherwise be lost. 

2d. The collection and preservation of antiipiarian relics of every 

The |dace within which the corporation is established or located 
is the city of Worcester, within said Commonwealth. 

In "WITNESS "WiiEKEOK, wc liave hereunto set our hands, this 
twentieth day of February, in the year eighteen hundred and 

Samuel Elias Staples, Franklin Pierce Rice, 

Clark Jillson, Albert Tyler, 

Ellery Bicknell Crane, James A. Smith, 

Daniel Sea«;rave, Albert Alfonzo Lovell. 
KiciiARD O'Flvnn, 


One of the subscribers to the above agreement no- 
tified said subscribers of the first meeting, by giving 
each in hand a true and attested copy of the follow- 
ing notice, as herein set forth : 

You are hereby notified, that the first meeting of the subscribers 
to an agreement to associate themselves with the intention to con- 
stitute a corporation to be known by the name of The Worces- 
ter Society of Antiquity, dated February 20th, 1877, for the 
purpose of organizing said corporation by tlie adoption of By-Laws 
and election of officers, and the transaction of such otlier business 
as may properly come before the meeting, will be held on Tues- 
day, the sixth day of March, 1877, at half -past seven o'clock p. m., 
at the residence of Edward I. Comins, No. 46 Wellington street. 


One of the subscribers to said agreement. 
Worcester, Mass., Feb. 20, 1877. 

Command calf Ij of ^Tussncljusctts. 

Worcester, ss. 

I, Daniel Seagrave, do hereby certify, that on the twentieth day 
of February, A. D., 1877, I duly served the within notice upon 
Samuel Elias Staples, Clark Jillson, Ellery Bicknell Crane, Rich- 
ard O'Flynn, Franklin Pierce Rice, Albert Tyler, James A. Smith 
and Albert Alfonzo Lovell, they being subscribers to an agree- 
ment to associate themselves with the intention to constitute a cor- 
poration, to be known by the name of The Worcester Society 
op Antiquity, by giving in hand to each of said subscribers a 
true and attested copy thereof. 

One of the subscribers to said agreement. 

Worcester, ss. 

Subscribed and sworn to this twenty-seventh day of February, 
A. D., 1877, before me. 


Justice of the Peace. 



Tlic first nicotiiig held in conformity with the foro- 
li^oing notice, was called to order by Clark Jillson, and 
Daniel Seagrave was elected temporary Clerk, by bal- 
lot, and was sworn to the faithTul discharge of his 
duty. ' 

(!rommonl"oca{tb of IHIassachuscits. 

WoucKSTKU, ss. i\l:iirh Tttli, 1H77. 

Tlieii personally appeared tlie altove-iiained Daniel Seaijrave, 
and made oath that he would faithfully perform the duties of tem- 
porary Clerk of The Worcester Society of Anti(piity. 

Before me, 


Justice of the Peace. 

The snbscril)ers then proceeded to elect, by l)all()t : 
Daniel Seagrave, Clerk; Samuel Elias Staples, Presi- 
dent; Clark Jillson and Ellery B. Crane, Vice-Presi- 
dents ; James A. Smith, Treasurer ; Samuel E. Sta- 
ples, Clark Jillson, Ellery B. Crane, Daniel Seagrave 
and James A. Smith, Executive Committee. 

The Clerk and Treasurer, upon their election, were 
duly sworn, as follows : 

Commonlucalth of Massiubusdfs. 

Worcester, ss. March Gth, 1877. 

Then personally ajipeared the above-named Daniel Seagrave, 
Clerk, and James Andrew Smith, Treasurer, of The Worcester 
Society of Antiquity, and made oath that they would faithfully 
perform the duties of their respective offices. 

Before me, 


Justice of the Peace. 


The members of The Worcester Society of Anti- 
quity, viz. : John George Smith, Henry Davis Barber, 
Henry Francis Stedman, WilHam Macready, OKn L. 
Merriam, Herbert H. Thompson, Elijah H. Marshall, 
William A. Sheldon, William B. Howe, Charles R. 
Johnson, Augustus Stone, Edwin R. Lawrence, Henry 
Phelps, Augustus Cooledge, Thomas E. St. John, Ed- 
ward I. Comins, Thomas M. Lamb, Dwight A. Davis 
.and Benjamin J. Dodge ; together with Isaac N. Met- 
calf, George Sumner, Joseph N. Bates, Alexander C. 
Munroe and Charles W. Estabrook, were constituted 
members of the corporation. 

The Constitution and By-Laws of The Worcester 
Society of Antiquity were adopted as the By-Laws of 
the corporation. 

John G. Smith was elected, by ballot, as Librarian. 

The followino; members were elected the Standintr 
Committee on Nominations : 

Albert A. Lovell, to serve one year ; Franklin P. 
Rice, to serve two years ; and Charles R. Johnson, to 
serve three years. 

The President, Clerk, Treasurer, and a majority of 
the Executive Committee, then made, signed, and 
made oath to the followin(»: certificate : 

We, Samuel Elias Staples, President ; James Andrew Smith, 
Treasurer ; Daniel Seagrave, Clerk, Ellery B. Crane, and Clark 
Jillson, the same being a majority of the Executive Committee of 
The Worcester Society of Antiquity, in compliance with the 
requirements of the fourth section of chapter three hundred and 
seventy-five of the Acts of the year eighteen hundred and seventy- 
four, do hereby certify that the following is a true copy of the 
agreement of association to constitute said corporation, with the 
names of the subscribers thereto : 


" We, whose iiaiiios arc liereto subscribed, do, l»y lliis agree- 
ment, associate ourselves with the iuteutiou to constitute a corpor- 
ation according to the provisions of the three hundred and seventy- 
lifth chapter of the Acts of the General Court of the Comraon- 
wealth of Massachusetts, passed in the year eighteen hundred and 
seventy-four, approved June twenty-seventh in said year. The 
name hy which the corporation shall be known, is The Wouces- 
TEU Society of Antu^city. 

The purpose for which the corporation is constituted is, — 

1st. To cultivate and encourage among its members a love and 
admiration for antiquarian research and archaeological science, and, 
so far as possible, to rescue from oblivion, any historical matter 
that might otherwise be lost. 

2nd. The collection and preservation of antiquarian relics of 
every description. 

The place within which the corporation is established or located, 
is the city of "Worcester, within said Commonwealth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereuto set our hands, this twe^" 
tieth day of February, in the year eighteen hundred and seventy- 

Samuel P^lias Staples, .Tames Anduew Smith, 


Elleuy IJ. Crane, KiCHARn O'Flynn, 

Daniel Seaguave, Alijekt Tylek." 

Fkanklin Pierce Rice, 

That the first meeting of the subscribers to said agreement was 
held on the sixth day of March, in the year eighteen hundred and 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto signed our names, this 
sixth day of March, in the year eighteen hundred and seventy- 

Samuel Elias Staples, Daniel Seagrave, 
Clark Jillson, James Andrew Smith. 

Ellery B. Crane, 

A majority of the Executive Committee of The Worcester 
Society of Antiquity. 


Commonl\3ealllj of gTiissacIjusctts. 

Worcester, ss. March Gth, 1877. 

Then personally appeared the above-named Samuel Elias Sta- 
ples, EUery B. Crane. Daniel Seagrave, and James Andrew Smith, 
being a majority of the Executive Commtttee of The Worces- 
ter Society of Antiquity, and severally made oath that the 
foregoing certificate, by them subscribed, is true to the best of their 
knowledge and belief. 

Before me, 


Justice of the Peace. 

The Society then voted that the imprint hereto 
affixed be, and the same is hereby estabhshed as the 
seal of this Society. 

The following named gentlemen were elected Hon- 
orary Members of this Society, viz.: Rev. Lucius R. 
Paige, D. D., of Cambridgeport ; Clarendon Harris, 
Esq., of Worcester ; Hon. Charles Hudson, of Lexing- 
ton ; and Hon. John Dennison Baldwin, A. M., of 


A true copy. 

Attest: DANIEL SEAGRAVE, Clerk. 



This Society .shall l»c called TiiK Wouckstku Socikty oi-' 



The purposes of this Society shall be : 

1. To cultivate and encourage among its members a love and 
admiration for anticpiarian research and archa-ological science ; 
and, 60 far as possible, to rescue from oblivion any historical mattiT 
that might otherwise bo lost. 

2. The collection and preservation of antique relics of every 



The ofliccrs of this Society shall consist of a President, two 
Vice Presidents, Secretary, Treasurer and Librarian. Each officer 
shall be elected by ballot, and only one ofhcer shall be balloted for 
at the same time. A majority of the ballots sliall be sufficient to 
elect. They shall hold office for the term of one year, and until 
their successors are chosen. 



1. President. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at 
all meetings, when present. In his absence the Eirst Vice Presi- 
dent shall preside ; in the absence of the latter, the Second Vice 
President shall preside ; and in the absence of all three, a Presi- 
dent pro ton. shall be chosen. 


2. Secretary. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to keei> a 
record of all meetings of the Society in a book provided for that 
purpose ; to issue all notices of meetings, with the time and place 
of same ; to conduct the general correspondence of the Society ; 
shall notify all persons of their election as meinbers of the Society ; 
shall notify all members elected to office, who were not present at 
the time of their election, within ten days thereafter ; and at the 
expiration of his term of office shall turn over to his successor all 
books and papers in his possession belonging to the Society. 

3. Treasurer. The Treasurer shall be sole custodian of the 
funds of the Society, and of all property, or titles to property, real 
or personal, belonging to the Society, except its books. He shall 
assess and collect all dues and taxes voted by the Society, receive 
any legacies bequeathed or donations made to its funds ; shall dis- 
burse the moneys so received and collected, on a written order 
signed by the President and Secretary, but not otherwise. He 
shall keep in a book provided for the purpose a true account of all 
receipts and disbursements ; shall submit the same to the inspec- 
tion of any member, when the request is made ; shall submit in 
writing a report of all his receipts and disbursements for the year, 
and exhibit his vouchers for same at each annual meeting ; shall 
furnish a bond for the faithful discharge of his duties, whenever 
the Society, by a vote, may so direct ; and shall, at the expiration 
of his term of office, place in the hands of his successor all books 
pajiers and other property in his possession belonging to the 

4. Librarian. The Librarian shall be the sole custodian of 
books and pamphlets belonging to the Society ; shall catalogue the 
same in a book kept for the purpose ; shall have the care of the 
entire collection of relics belonging to the Society, together with 
the room in Avhich they are kept, and shall report the condition of 
same at each annual meeting. 



1. The President, First and Second Vice Presidents, Secretary 
and Treasurer shall constitute a committee of five, to be known as 
the Executive Committee, who shall have in charge the general 


interest of the Society ; shall prepare for press an<l have the can; 
of all publications of the Society, unless by a vote the Society sec 
lit, when desirable, to elect a special committee for that purpose ; 
may prepare and present business ; may solicit and secure, when 
jiracticable, donations to the Society's funds, or collections ; shall 
see that the orders of the Society are j)romptly carried out, and 
that the provisions of this Constitution are studiously mainUiincd. 
The President ex-ojjlclo shall at each annual meetin<; make a 
report of the proceedings of the Society for the previous year. 

2. This Society shall, at its annual meeting in January, 1877, 
elect by ballot three persons — one to serve for one year, one for 
two years, and one for three years — and one for three years at 
each annual meeting succeeding — who shall be called the Standing 
Committee on Nominations. It shall be their duty to examine the 
qualilieations of every person i)roiM)sed for membership, an<l t4> j)ut 
in nomination such persons as they in their judgment think will 
promote the interests of the Society. Other conunittees may be 
chosen, as occasion requires, but all conunittees shall report their 
doings in writing. 



1. The name and (pialifications for membership of any person 
of good character, having an interest in the objects of this Society, 
may be proposed at any meeting thereof and referred to the Stand- 
ing Committee on Nominations ; and such person may, at the next 
regular meeting, on nomination by the said committee, be elected 
by a two-thirds ballot of those present. But no j»erson shall be 
considered a ineinlK.r of this Society until he has signed tlu; Con- 



Honorary members may be proposed and elected in the same 
manner as prescribed for active members. 



1. It shall be the duty of each member to bear his equal burden 
of the expense of the Society, and to till any olliee or perform any 



service to which he may be elected or appointed ; to endeavor to 
seeure for it whatever he can that will add to the number or value 
of the Society's collection ; to bring it to the knowledge and con- 
sideration of persons of similar tastes and jiursuits ; to propose for 
membership such persons as are known to be interested in its 

2. It shall be the duty of honorary members to endeavor to 
secure articles for its collection, to interest themselves for its honor 
and prosperity, and to correspond at least once a year with the 
Society. They shall be entitled to all the privileges of active 
members, except the right to vote or hold office. 



The annual meeting for the election of officers, and for the 
ti'ansaction of other business, shall be held on the first Tuesday in 
January of each year. The other regular meetings shall be held 
on the first Tuesday of each of the remaining months in the year, 
excepting July and August. Special meetings may be called by 
the President, or upon the written request of any three members 
of the Society. Five members shall constitute a quorum for the 
transaction of business. 



1. T(ix. The Society may at any regular meeting, by a vote, 
assess a tax upon its members, not exceeding one dollar per capita ; 
but at any annual meeting the Society may assess such sum as 
may be needed for carrying on the affairs of the Society. 

2. Life Memhersliip. Any member who shall at any one time 
pay into the treasury the sum of twenty-five dollars shall be a life 
member, and shall thereafter be exempt from all assessments. 

3. Claims against. All claims against the Society shall bo 
approved by the member contracting the same, and paid by the 
Treasurer, on a written order signed by the President and Secre- 



1. Any member who for two consecutive years shall f:iil to pay 
any assessment made in accordance with the provisions of this 
Constitution, and shall give no satisfactory reason therefor, shall 
cease to be a member of the Society, and the Treasurer shall 
notify the Secretary, who shall make record of the fact. 

2. Withdrawals. Any member may withdraw from the Society 
by giving notice of liis intention to the Secretary and paying all 
assessments due at tlie time of giving such notice, and the Secre- 
tary shall make record of the fact. 

3. Expulsions. Any member may, from any breach of trust or 
malfeasance in olHce, or for any other cause, be expelled from the 
Society by a vote of two-thirds of those present at any regular 
meeting ; provided, that the number present shall not be less than 
a majority of the whole number of members. But no member 
sliall be expelled from the Society without first having an oppor- 
tunity to oxi)lain his case at some regular meeting. 



Alterations or amendments to the Constitution may be made at 
any regular meeting, by a two-thirds vote ; provided, that a notice 
of the proposed change has been given in writing at some previous 


On the passage and adoption of the foregoing Constitution, ail 
other articles previously used for the government of this Society 
are hereby repealed. 




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