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Full text of "Installation of the first president of the University of Virginia, Dr. Edwin Anderson Alderman, April 13, 1905"

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Installation of the lM"rst President 



OF THE 



University of Virginia 



Dr. Edwin Anderson Alderman 



April 13, 1905 



Prepared by 
SALLIE J. DOSWELL 
JOHN S. PATTON 




Edwin Anderson Alderman. 



l-Ldwin Anderson Akk-rnian was born in Wilmington. X. C, May 
15, 1861. He was prepared for college at Bethel Military Academy, 
Virginia, and was graduated from the University of North Carolina, 
at Chapel Hill, in 1882. On leaving college he immediately entered 
upon his chosen work of teaching. His career in that ])rofession has 
been one of constant and rajjid advancement. In iSSj be was made 
Superintendent of Cilv Schools. ( ioldsboro. X. C. ; in iSSO. President 



EDWIN ANDKRSON Al.DKKM A X. 3 

of the North C'nroHna Teachers' Asscnilily ; in i<SX(). State Institute 
Conductor of North C'arohna; in 1S9J, I'rofcssor of llistdry in the 
State Normal and huhislrial College, at tireensl)oro, N. C. ; in 1H93, 
I'rofcssor of the llistor\ and Philosophy of Education in his (iliiui 
iiuitcr, the Cnixersity of Xorth Carolina. In i8(/). fourteen years 
after his graduation, he was unanimously chosen President of the 
University of Xorth C'arolina. and administered its affairs with signal 
success for four years. There was a steady and remarkable increase 
in the numher of stmlents, in the amount of income, in the inimber of 
new huildings. and in jjopular a])preciation of the work and worth of 
the University. His adnunistration was marked also hy unity of pur- 
pose among l-'acully and students, and hy an unllinching faith in his 
ability to lead to higher things. 

In April. 1900, he was called to the presidency of Tulane Univer- 
sity, of Louisiana, made vacant by the death of Colonel William 
Preston Johnston. His administration of this office was in the highest 
degree successful. The curriculum was revised and liberalized; the 
scattered life of the institution was unified: the b'aeulty w-as notably 
strengthened: the resources of the University were augmented; a 
beautiful library building was erected; there was an awakening along 
all lines of college life; and the cause of higher education was, as 
never before, brought to the minds and hearts of the people. 

In 1896, the University of the South, at Sewanec, Tenn., con- 
ferred upon President Alderman the degree of D. C. L. In 1899, 
Tulane University conferred upon him the degree of LL. D.. this honor 
being repeated by Johns Hopkins University in 1902. 

President Alderman is an Imnorarv member of manv learned 
societies, and is especially i)rominent in the National Educational 
Association, having been a \'ice-President of the Association for 
1903-04. He is the author of "A Brief History of North Carolina,'" 
and many educational pamphlets and addresses. He is a member of 
the Southern Education P.oard and director of its affairs for the 
Southwest. His reputation as an orator before cultured assemblages 
is national, and his felicitous addresses in New York, Chicago, Balti- 
more, and Boston have been notable features of notable occasions. 

He carries to his work (at the University of Virginia) a personal 
magnetism, an innate leadership, a dedication to cultured service, an 
adaptability to new conditions, a hospitality to large ideas, an under- 
standing of educational needs and processes, a sympathy with all high 
enthusiasms, a disdain of sordidness and inefficiency, a passion for 
democratic ideals, a swiftness and sureness in interpreting popular 
movements, and withal a vividness and distinction of speech not sur- 
passed by any college ])resi(lent in America.* 

*Ur. C. A. Smitli. 



Election ot President Alderman, And His 
Reception at the University 

Dr. lulwin Aiuk-rson Aldcnnan was (.■Ircled President of the 
I'nivcrsity of X'irginia by the Board of Visitors on June 14, 1904, 
and his acceptance of this office was convex cd in the following letter: 

HuTEI. X'UTORIA, XeW \'oKK. julv 7. 1 904 

Hon. CInirlcs P. Jones. Charlottesville. I'a. 

My De\r Mr. Jones:— On Ttiesday. June i4ih, I had the honor 
to receive your lele,!.;rani announcinc: niy election as President of the 
University of \'ir<4ini;i. ( )u \ester(hiy I sent you by telegram my 
formal acceptance of that j^reat honor and trust. It seems to me proper 
that I should more formally, and hy letter, acqtiaint you of my de- 
cision. 

I have spent the three weeks intervening between the action of 
the Board of \'isitors and my decision in an earnest elTorl to discover 
the right thing to do in this great matter. 

.\s you well know. I did not seek this high office and this great 
responsibility, for my mind and my heart were full of the prol)lenis of 
the Tulane University of Louisiana. — an iu-^titution de:ir to me and 
full of power for the future in our national life. It has cost me much 
suffering to sever my relations with that University and with the 
broad-minded and generous-hearted people who sustain it. but I have 
come to you because the call seemed to me a clear call <if duiv and 
responsibility, which I could not put aside. 

This is no moment of mere protestation. T shall give to the 
University of \'irginia whatever strength 1 h;ive of mind or body 
or si)irit. I shall study its past with reverence, and 1 shall seek to 
build about it for the future in the spirit of a man who has something 
very precious entrusted to his keeping. 

Of my own self I can do very little, and th;it little ill. but if the 
strength of every man and woman who loves the University and 
understands its meaning to American life may be relied upon, then, 
indeed, a great work may be done. 



INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

I shall niako many mistakes, without douht. The only college 
president who avoids mistakes is the one who cunningly does nothing. 

1 shall, however, believe that the Board of \'isitors and the people of 
A'irginia. to whom the University belongs, will have patience with me 
if my purpose be clear to do what I can. Faithfully yours, 

Edwin A. Alderman. 

On the evening of September 15, 1904, the President was wel- 
comed to his office by a large gathering in the Public Hall of the 
University. The Hon. Charles Pinckney Jones, of Monterey, Rector 
of the Board of Visitors, presided, and made an address of notification, 
in the course of which he told of the sentiment which had resulted in 
the enactment by the Legislature of a law providing for a president, 
and referred to the satisfaction of the public in the Board's choice of 
an executive. The Rector pledged to the President the support and 
co-operation of the \'isitors, the alumni and the student bodv. 

Address of Welcome to the First President. 

Dr. James Morris Page, the last of the Chairmen of the Faculty, 
on laying down the office which he had administered with consi)icuous 
ability, said : 

" The simple ceremonies in which we are participating tonight are 
intended to contribute towards marking an event in the life of the 
University of Virginia second in importance onlv to the conception 
and birth of the institution ; I refer, of course, to the inccpti(~in of a 
new form of government. 

" I need hardly remind you that, in the beginning, the executive, 
and a part of the legislative, authority and responsibility were vested 
in the Faculty and the Chairman of the Faculty. This form of gov- 
ernment, introduced by the Father of the institution, was at first a 
l)ure democracy, for the Chairman, the chief executive officer, was a 
member of the b'aculty, and was elected annually by his colleagues. 
P)Ut the chairmanship soon ])roved to be an ofiice to be sedulously 
avoided bv any professor, on account of onerous duties and responsi- 
bilities which became more burdensome \-c'ar bv vear, so that in |S_>8, 
wlien the Universil\- was three vein's old. the X'isitors had to take the 
matter in hand and ;i])point a Chairman in order to ensure the office 
being filled. This was the first departure from Jefferson's purely 
democratic form of government: and from |8_'S u]) to the ])resent the 
\'isitors have continued to a|)])oint the executive. I nia\- mention, .as 
a matter of interest, that there have ])een seventeen incuml)ents of the 
chairmanshi]). several of whom served more than one term, while the 
average length of the term (jf service was .about \'\\v years. 



'■ On several occa^iuiis the Xisiiors (.-onNidcrril tla- ail\ i>aliiliiy (if 
electing a i)resi(leiil : ..nee dnrin- Mr. jel'terson's liletinu': aj^ain 
immediately after the ('i\il War; a.^ain jnst after onr threat lire: and, 
finally, ahont twn years ai^o. ( )n the three former oeeasion-, the 
weight and authority of Mr. Jefferson's expressed wishes upon the 
suhjcct seem to have prevented the Visitors from taking a step which, 
to many of the warnie>t and wisest friends of the institution, appeared 
desiral)le. Hut recently, .after renewed careful consider.ation of the 
matter, the \'isitors decide<l that the time had come to create .and lill 
the oHice. 

■■ In m.any (juarters the mistaken oi)inion has prevailed that this 
stej) was t.iken hy the \isitors contrary to the desire of the Faculty. 
I'.ut it is a historical fact, vouched for hy the records on the Faculty 
minute hook, that in ( )ctoher, 1902, when the recent discussion with 
regard to the creation of the office of President h.ad just he.mm. the 
Faculty adopted hy ;in overwhelming- m.-ijority a resolution recom- 
mending to the \isitors the creation of that ottice. I mention this 
fact in order to correct the erroneous opinion that the Faculty opposed 
the appointment of a president. The Faculty had long groaned under 
the difficulties and vexations which necessarily followed from referring 
to their whole hody little business details, which elsewhere were expe- 
ditiously and .satisfactorily disposed of l)y one man. 

I'hat also is a mistaken opinion, which seems to have been held 
by some, that the Faculty were moved to reconnuend to the X'isitors 
the creation of the office of President on account of some alarming 
decadent or atrophied condition which had declared itself in the I'ni- 
versity of late years. On the contrary, the opinion of the Faculty.— 
and, I suppose, to some extent, that of the Visitors,— that this Univer- 
sity needs a president, was based in large measure upon the fact that 
the adnn'm'strativc affairs of the institution have so grown, both in 
scope and in complexity, within the last decade and a h.alf. th.at a l"orm 
of government practicable when the institution was younger, had 
proved too cumbersome to meet the altered conditions. .\s I have 
said, we do not consi.ler th.at this University has been ;i victim of 
•arrested development ': for. a> .a matter of I'act. the number of .stu- 
dents matriculated has more than doubled within the last fifteen years. 
— a record which compares favorably. I f;inc\. with that of any 
institution of about the .same age and doing the same grade of work ; 
moreover, the financial condition of the I'niversity has been steadily 
improving, and is better today than ever before: and. finally, with all 
reverence for our predecessors and their achievements. T do not hesi- 
tate to say that just as good work h.as been done here of late by 
professors and students as in the • de.ar old days.' while the number 
of courses offered has been constantlv increasiu"-. 



8 IXSTALLATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

" I am not willing for you to imagine that our President comes to 
a university, the Faculty of which opposed the creation of his oftice, 
or to one in a moribund or retrogressive condition. 

" The hour has now arrived when the office of Chairman of the 
Faculty ceases to exist. Even tonight it is not as Chairman that I 
appear before you. I consider myself highly honored that my col- 
leagues of the Faculty have requested me to act on this occasion as 
their spokesman, and to voice to the best of my poor ability their 
sentiments of warm and hearty welcome to our President. 

" It is not too much to say, sir, that our lives — the lives of the 
members of this Faculty — are bound up in the life of this University ; 
that we are glad and proud to give to her. ' as it is also our bounden 
duty to do,' the utmost that we possess of strength or skill. Although 
the University, regarded as a piece of property, belongs to the whole 
State ; and although the alumni, almost to a man, feel that, in a sense, 
the University belongs to them, — after all her interests are idcntiftcd 
with our interests, and to safeguard her welfare and cherish her pres- 
tige must ever be the object of our most concentrated and consecrated 
endeavor. 

" And now, sir, it only remains for me to deliver formally into 
your hands the administrative duties heretofore entrusted to the 
Faculty and Chairman, and to add the most earnest assurance, on the 
part of each member of the Faculty, that we receive you here as our 
President with every feeling of satisfaction and welcome. \\'e beg 
also, individually and collectively, to assure you of our heartiest 
co-operation in all that you may undertake for the good of our beloved 
University, confident that under your wise and sympathetic leadership 
each future year will contribute to her glorious past, ever more and 
more, of influence and usefulness and renown." 

ADDRESS OF ACCEPTANCE. 

BY THE PRESIDENT. 

Mr. Rector, (iriil/riiicii of fhc Board of J'isitor.s- and the !-acitltics, 
Students of the University: 
I have heard with interest and with profound encouragement the 
words of welcome, of co-operation, and of counsel which ha\c been 



spoken to me today. 


1 sh 


all weigh and heed them 


as words of wise 


lorn 


and helpfulness. T 


acce])l 


: this great office 


as one who takes on a gi 


■oat 


responsibility and < 


)])])()rtunity, following 


the de; 


ir call of (lut\' 


and 


service. 












I searclu'd my 1 


licart. 


as was proper U 


)r UK' 1(1 


do, to trv to liiK 


1 if 


this was indeed the 


task 


for me. 1 may 


claim, tl 


lerefore, to conn 


> to 



OF TllK rXIVKUSlTV OV VIKCINMA. 9 

you after patient thouj^lit. with an lionest ijnrjxise and a lar.i;e desiiX' 
for usefulness, nnnioved, 1 heliexe, l)y small anihitions. nnfretted Iiy 
ill-will to any soul, and uninilueneed by any sort of fear or favor. 

My eyes behold the difficulties, my self-knowledge informs me of 
a thousand shortcnniint,'s, my heart teaches me all the solemn meaning 
of this htnir, and yet 1 undertake the task with something of that pride 
of tiiil and hope of achievement that warms the heart of the healthy 
man who i^oes forth imder the clear sun to do the day's work honestly. 
I feel about me the strength of the faculties of this University, whose 
message delivered by their .able rei)resentative I profoundly appreciate 
— a group of able, large-minded, unselfish men. who have lived the 
life of devotion to a cause. The mo.st impressive thing to me aboiU 
this University, or any university, is not its physical setting or its 
bodv of traditions, or its so-called spirit, but the unbroken stream of 
human devotion and love and service which generations of men have 
poured into it — from the great founder whose fading life it glorified 
and strengthened, to our colleagues and friends of today, wdiose hair 
has whitened in its service, but whose hearts have the deathless youth 
that comes to those who serve the young. Our virile democracy, with 
its peril of vulgar strength, has' been refined and ennobled by the 
example of such men and by the spectacle of such institutions living 
on forever and never lacking such service. I come to you as the 
executive head of this University. 

This office in America, and peculiarly here, is a new creation of 
modern needs and almost insuperably difficult to fill. There is a five- 
fold relation which a president must l)ear to boards and faculties, to 
students an.d society and scholarshij). that makes demand upon his 
sympathy and his wisdom so widely variant as to render it imi)Ossible 
for him to act without error and without frecpient criticism and charge 
of duplicitv. It is commonly alleged against college presidents, for 
instance, that they are liars. I hope it is not wholly immodest in me 
to say this is a tolerably hasty generalization, like the famous one oi 
the Psalmist's. A president can only avoid mistakes by cunningly 
doing nothing. If an institution would escape the stagnation, there- 
fore, of a do-nothing president (iin pr'csidcnt faineant) it must be 
willing to have patience with his errors. His chair, commonly thought 
of as the most staple piece of academic furniture, has been somewhere 
described as the " rocking-chair " and at times the '" joggling board." 

The conception of a president as an autocrat on the bridge is an 
error. He needs power and trust and confidence and liberty to carry 
out well-conceived plans. There is no place, however, for an autocrat 
in American education. Between the president and faculty a loyal, 
hearty, helpful relation should exist. If he depends on himself alone 



10 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

he will do but little, and that little not verv well. His o])ini()ns must 
gain their weight from their wisdom rather than from their source. 
His truest strength lies in the power to divine the value of others 
rather than in any power of his own of action or of speech. For him 
there must be the open mind, the sympathetic spirit, the patient temi)er, 
the sleepless eye; and his power should be commensurate with his 
responsibility. 

I am conscious of the support and counsel of the Board of Visitors 
— eminent men of civic virtue and public spirit, who administer a 
noble trust without hope of gain to themselves save such large gain 
as comes to men who serve society in upbuilding ways. 

I see before me the bright and ever-widening circle of alumni 
who have been made strong by alma mater. The alumni of this 
institution are the fruits of the tree. If it has any strength they are 
that strength. If it hopes for any power, these hopes centre in that 
circle. I see them grown strong and rich in city and country. I see 
them endowed with the wisdom of age and experience and strong with 
the strength of youth and hope. They shall be given a chance and 
put to the test for the sake of their spiritual mother. 

Young gentlemen of the University, I thank you for your winning 
courtesy to me, and I believe that we shall be friends. I praise your 
admirable self-discipline and the spirit of manliness and candor that 
I am informed animates your life here. The most interesting thing 
in our national life to me is the American college bov. I have known 
him among the foothills of Carolina, by the banks of the Mississippi, 
and now shall know him among the Virginia hills. I have dealt with 
him from all the States. I think of him as a member of a race rather 
than of an institution. I shall wish to be a jjart of your lives — from 
your ideals to your sjjorts, from your scholarly enthusiasms to your 
victorious shoutings. I shall wish to deal with you. as I mav ha\e 
wisdom, with sincerity and courtesy. The University exists for you. 
in the belief that here you may gain the jjower and the desire to 
strengthen yourself and to serve society, ^'our contribution to Uni- 
versity ])ower and reputation in undergraduate days is in abstinence 
from shiftlessness. self-indulgence, and disorder. Your gratitude lo 
it and h)\v for it when youth has cf)oled will come through a knowledge 
that such abstinence enabled you to gain the scholarly eniciency neces- 
sary lo power in a deniocralic life. 'I'lie .South has something, believe 
me, ])recious and (listincti\e in manhood and character lo contrihule 
to American life. It siiall be a suhtle blend of the old spirit which 
did not know how to com])roniis(,' and did know how to die for a faith, 
and llu- new s])irit which looks ;it life with wide, clear, ^leads' eves, 
and which has been beaten 1)\- freer civic I'orces into liner and more 



Ol- Till-: rNI\KKSITV Ol" VlUt.lMA. II 

efficient form. In ihc surot jnsticc of ( iod, yon, and tliosc like _\i)U, 
in onr >i>UT collei^o, ^liall lieconie of this nionlil. and it is for you to 
help n> to make of this nohle foundation tlie place of central importance 
in the historic out-\vorkin<; of this new tyi)e of pergonal culture and 
social et'ticiency. 

A thousand schemes for social amelioration are afoot in the South, 
raui^in^ from suffrage questions to the estahlishment of libraries. Let 
us make no i).itch\vork job of it. .\ new kind of social spirit and social 
knowledi^e are needed to i^nidc these movements. The South has 
become self -con>cious and tolerant of criticism. It perceives society 
as an organism to be understood and lanj^ht the laws of growth. 

.\nd lastly. I feel about us the strength and sustenance of the 
Connnonwealth of \ irginia. and the co-ojjeration and resi)cct of insti- 
tutions which, like us. are working to m.ake men. I have come to 
make my home in X'irginia and to sjiend my life here. One may do 
that with calm pride and contidence, for the past of X'irginia stan.ds 
clear and steadfast, and the present is an earnest and hojiefnl time. 
The day of large things has come into our national and state life. It 
was a stunting inheritance from days of trial and poverty that made 
us try in former days to achieve large ends with small means. This 
L'niversity is the supreme intellectual achievement of this Connnon- 
wealth. It has contributed to its ])rogress. unity, patriotism, right- 
eousness, and culture. It should be. and it will be. the highest 
satisfaction of the State to understand it, to sym])athize with and to 
strengthen it, not as if it doled out charity, but as one increases his 
noblest iuNesiuKnt. This is not the State that once lay beaten with 
the stripes of war and misrule. Wealth and power are here, and our 
great need as a people is to invest in education, not to scrimp and save. 

This is not the time or place to outline any policy as the executive 
of this institution. My first duty is to study reverently and to know 
in my nerves and in my heart, as well as in my mind, the life of this 
organism which began its life here so grandly when the last century 
was young, wdiich has had for leaders and ser\ ants the best blood and 
brains of the land, and which has received into its body and given 
out so splendid a line of American citizenship. rbi> 1 shall do with 
the helj) of my colleagues, and then 1 shall count myself hap])y if I 
may become one of the splendid com]iany of tho>e who have served 
the L'ni\ersity of \'irginia faithfully in the continuity of its useful life. 

This world will surely be commanded by those races and com- 
munities which l)ring to their work the resources of education i)lus 
native energy and capacity. Iniversities. therefore, are at the heart 
of the movment for control in the leadership of the world. This 
Southern land, for the rei)ublic's sake, needs a great, majestic, powerful 



12 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

university — above all want and littleness — out of which should come 
the industrial power and patriotic scholarly-mindedness which our life 
demands. Democracy unsteadied by such forces is a generous fantasy. 
The great region south of the Potomac has not its share of such power. 
and its lack of it is impairing the homogeneity of the nation. The 
great movement of individual beneficence has all but passed us by. 
This is the spot for such a University and the building of such a great 
institution here would mean more to our social structure than any 
event since the passing of slavery. 

This University does not belong to the Board or to the Faculty 
or to the President. It belongs to the people of this State and nation, 
high and low, rich and poor. It is not a caste, a fraternity, or a 
brotherhood, but an agent of society as completely public as the State 
Capitol. The gifts of founders and donors pass from them to the 
people as completely as a thrown stone leaves the thrower's hand. 
Its glory is service to society. Its strength is sustenance by society. 
We who administer, govern, and teach are the servants of the people. 
The University, therefore, can not be a dreamer or a seer, but must 
use common sense as men do in business, and be a social, regenerative 
force, reaching out into every hamlet and touching hopefully every 
citizen, so that the home, the village, the field, the shop, may see the 
University for what it is — an intellectual lighthouse, not alone for 
the few who trim its wicks and fill its lamps, but for all the unchartered 
craft adrift upon the sea. 

Those who build universities must Iniild them through the e.xercise 
of patience and energy and enthusiasm and industry and faith, and 
that large idealism which, through any murk, can still dream dreams 
and see visions. There is much acquaintance with hope deferred that 
maketh the heart sick. There are many grim and haggard davs. and 
many nights of starless skies, but there is also the joy of constant 
association with vital and picturesque youth. There is the uplift of 
thought tliat comes of alliance with a large truth and a just cause. 
There is the knowledge that though we fail or fall, the cause will go 
marching <m. and our souls will go marching on with it. having 
l)elieve(l in it and given it service. There is the faith in the final 
rectitude of public impulse and the splendid ultimate victory. 

You have summoned me, not to mark time, but to go t'orward. 1 
shall do what I can. Let all who love the University, or the republic 
which it serves, work for the fulfilment of its high mission. 



The Installation 



Tlie acadiMiiic ])n)ccs>i()n fnniud on The l.awn in the following 
order : 

STUDENTS, 

under Chief Marshal Ira Branch Johnson, grouped in classes under 
class marshals: Academic, W. W. Coxe; Medical, O. B. Patton ; Law, 
W. O. Spates ; Engineering. F. O. Richey. 

Tile liody thus formed moved down the centre of The Lawn, in 
twos, dividing into right and left columns at the Monroe statue, fol- 
lowed by the remainder of the procession in nine divisions in the order 
following, headed by the Herald. Mr. John .\shby Williams: — 

/•7A'.V7- DIl-JSJOX. 

XA'i'lOXAL AND STAT!-. Ol'I'ICI ALS. 

Marshals — Mk. IU-kriki), Mr. Xki.sox. 

James Keith— President Supreme F. B. ]\utvm--Jitd.tic Circuit Court. 

Court of Appeals of Virginia. Abingdon. 

George M. Harrison— /Ht/g^' Su- John W. Fr\ci:— Judge Cort^oration 

prenie Court of Appeals of Vir- Court, Bristol. 

gii'ia. Jnlm W. W'nnch— Judge Corporation 

William A. Anderson — Attorney Court, h'oanoke. 

General of Virginia. T. R. P., Wright— /j((/.!,'r Circuit 

L. O. Murray — Assistant .S'ccretary Court. Tappahannock. 

U. S. Department of Commerce William A. Y^o\\\ci^— Virginia State 

and Labor. Board of Education. 

Herbert PuUvdm—Librarian of Con- K. C. Glass— r;Vj?n(/(, State Board 

gress. of Education. 

John P. Kcnnecl\ — Librarian Vir- Jnhn T. \Ve?.t— Virginia Stale Board 

ginia State Library. of Education. 

Joseph W. Southall— /'n7,'/;//o State ¥. P. Timm— Secretary Virginia 

Superintendent of Public Schools. State Board of Education. 

J. C. Boyd— Medical Director U. S. R. K. Campbell— C/. .S". Department 

Xary. of Cojiimerce and Labor. 
13 



14 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

John C. Wise — Medical Director James B. Doherty — Coiiiiiiissioiicr 

U. S. Xcwy. J'iri^iiiia State Bureau of Labor 

Jefferson Randolph Kean — Surgeon and Industry. 

U. S. Army. G. W. Koiner — J'irginia State Coin- 

C. H. Sinclair — U. S. Coast Survey. missioner of Agriculture. 

A. M. Aiken — Judge Corporation William B. Alwood — U. S. Depart- 

Court of Danville. )nent of Agriculture. 

Thomas W. Harrison — Judge Cir- G. W^ Olivier — Mayor of Cliarlottcs- 

cuit Court. JJ'inchcster. I'ille. 

SECOXD Dill SI OX. 

NATIONAL AND STATE LEGISLATORS. 

Marshals — Mr. Grant, Mr. Vixev. 

James Hay — U. S. House of Repre- George S. Shackelford — State Sen- 

sentativcs. ator. 

Claude A. Swanson — U. S. House of Ernest A. Gray — House of Dele- 

Representatives. gates. 

John F. Ryan — Speaker of the J'ir- William E. Howie — House of Dele- 

ginia House of Delegates. gates. 

J. Lawrence Camphell — State Sena- Eugene Ould — House of Delegates. 

tor. James B. Pannill — House of Dele- 

John S. Chapman — State .Senator. gates. 

E. F. Cromwell — .S"/(7/t' Senator. D. A. Slaughter — House of Dele- 

M. J. Fulton — State Senator. gates. 

Lewis H. Machen — State Senator. E. B. Thomasson — House of Dele- 

William Hodges ]\L-inn — .State Sen- gates. 

ator. W. A. WUleroy—JIouse of Dele- 
John F. Rixey — U. S. House of gates. 

Rcprcscntatizrs. Robert W. \\"nhcv<^— House of Dele- 
gates. 

THIRD DiriSIOX. 

CITY AND COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS 
IN VIRGINIA. 

Marshals — Mr. Rorerts, ]Mr. Tjmueklake. 

Jamca yi.BL'cklvdm.Culpcpcr County. George H. Hulvey, Rockingliain 

N. B. Campbell, Goocliland County. County. 

R. A. Dobie, Norfolk City. George 1!. JtMinings. (ireene County. 

William F. Fox, Richmond City. .M. M, Lynch, Winchester. 

Henry Maclin, Mecklenburg County. 1). L. Pulliam, Manchester. 

W. C. Marshall, Fauquier County. V. II. Smith. Staunton. 

O. B. Mears, Northampton County. L. M. Smith. Jr.. Spottsylrania 

E. O. Peale, Augusta County. County. 



OF Tilt; 1'.NI\KKS1TV oi' \' I U( ;i N I A. I5 

i-ovRi II nir IS/OX. 

TEAClll-.KS l.\ rLl'.lJC AXl) rUIVATl-: SCHOOLS. 
Marshals — Mk. T.wuik, .Mk. Wavland. 

W. \<. Ahhn. I^clh-viu- Hii^h School. [■'. P. llnl.on,,<l, Oxford Srniinary. 

Ju-Ucriu: Oxfonl. \. C. 

Miss L. A. I'.an.us. Xalional Lathe- William .M. Kniipi-r, /)'.■//;>•/ .1////- 

dral School, irashiiii^ton, I). C. lory .hadciiiy. lU-thcl. 

L. M. lllackford. l-.piscotal Hiiih Jdlm P. McCuirc, Jr., McCuirc's 

School. Alexandria. Vnivcrsity School. Richmond. 

W. W. I'rii-gs. Locust Pale .lead- Roliert L. PrcstDii. University 

any. Locust Dale. School. Washington, D. C. 

Rev. James Cannon, Jr., Blackstonc Charles S. Roller, Augusta Military 

Female Institute, Blackstone. Academy, Fort Defiance. 

M. Estes Cocke. Hollins Institute. E. Sumter Smith, Randol[<h-Macon 

Hollins. Academy, Bedford City. 

William H. Davis. Randolf^h-Macon Rev. H. W. Tribble. Rawlings Insti- 

Institute, Danville. tute. Charlottesville. 

Miss M. P. Duval, I'irginia Female R. S. W^alker. U'oodherry Forest 

Institute, Staunton. School. Orange. 

Berkeley M. iM.ntaine. F:piscol^a! C. B. Wallace, University School, 

High School, Alexandria. Xashvillc, Tenn. 

Miss Mattie P. Harris, I'irginia .Miss E. C Weimar, .l/(7;_v Baldwin 

College, Roanoke. Seminary. Staunton. 

J. W. Lane, Charlottesville High Hampden Wilson, Cluster Sf^rings 

School. Academy, Black Walnut. 
Edmund Harrison, Hopkinsville 

Female Institute, Hopkinsvillc, 

Ky. 

FIFTH DIUISIOX. 

REPRESENTATIVES OF EDUCATIONAL AND SCIENTHHC 
SOCIETIES AND OF THE LEARNED PROFESSIONS. 

Marshals — Mk. Kei-.nek. Mk. Slmi-sox, Mr. Sto.nk. Mu. Watteks. 

Dr. Lyman Abbott, Mr, .Mbert Shaw. 

Mr. Shepard Barclay, Mr. Edward M. SlK])ard, 

Dr. R. A. Brock, Mr. Samuel Spencer, 

Mr. Roscoe C. E. Brown, Mr. Melville E. Stone, 

Mr. Wallace Buttrick, Mr. John S. Wise, 

Mr. Julian S. Carr, Rev. George E. Booker, 

Dr. L. T. Chamberlain, Rev. Timothy Crowe, 

Dr. W. M. Clark, Rev. W. M. Forrest. 



i6 



INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 



Air. .Aldiicure D. Conway, Rev 
Air. Jefferson Randolph Coolidge, Rev 

,AIr. L. A. Coulter, Rev 

Air. J. Taylor Elly.son. Rev 

Dr. E. R. L. Gould, Rev 

Dr. William R. Huntington, Rev 

Dr. Percy Stickney Grant, Rev 

Mr. James H. Lindsay, Rev 

Mr. Samuel McCune Lindsay, Rev, 

Dr. Randolph H. McKim, Rev. 

]\Ir. V. Everit Macy, Rev 

.Air. William H. Maxwell, Rev, 

l\Ir. Edgar Gardner Murphy, Rev. 

Mr. Henry S. Pancoast, Rev. 

Mr. George Foster Peabody, Rev, 

Air. Paul J. Pelz, Rev. 

Air. John B. Pine, Rev, 

Air. L. S. Rowe, Rev. 

Air. William Jay Schieffelin, Rev, 



Otis W. Glazel)rook, 
Edward Valentine Jones, 
John William Jones, 
Arthur B. Kinsolving, 
W. W. Lear, 
Harry B. Lee, 
Frederick W. Neve, 
James D. Paxton, 
G. L. Petrie, 
E. H. Rowe, 
William N. Scott, 
John W. Stagg, 
George Braxton Taylor, 
Charles R. Sine, 
John B. Turpin, 
William C. White, 
R. J. Willing-ham. 
A. B. Woodfin, 
Charles A. Young. 



SIXTH DHISJON. 



REPRESENTATIVES OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. 
Marshals — AIr. Walker. Dr, Pollard. AIr. Webb. Dr. Rogers. 



Harvard University — 

Prof. Archibald C. Coolidge, 

Prof. Francis G. Peal)ody. 
College of William and Mary — 

President Lyon G. Tyler, 

Prof. Charles E. Bishop, 

Prof. Bruce R. Payne. 
Yale University — 

Prof. H. W. Farnam (Faculty), 

Rev. J. \V, Cooper, D. D. (Cor- 
l^oration). 
i'rincvton University — 

Prof, I-:. O. Lovett. 
Washington and Lee University — 

President George 1 1 , Denny. 

Prof. James W. Kern. 
University of Pennsylvania — 

Dean J. H. Pcnniman. 
Columbia University — 

Prcs. Nicholas Murr:iy P.utler, 

Dean James E. l^ussell. 



University of Vermont — 

Hon. George G. Benedict. 
University of Georgia — 

Chancellor Walter B. Hill. 
L^ S. Military Academy — 

Lieut.-Col. Chas. P. Echols. 
South Carolina College — 

Prof. Edward S. Joynes. 
Columbian University — 

President Charles W. Needham. 
Theological Seminary of Virginia — 

Prof Samuel A. Wallace, D. D.. 

Prof R. K, Alassie, 
Trinity College — 

C'ol, R. W. Huntington. 
Jefferson Aiedical College - 

Dean James W. Ilollan.l. M. D 
rni\ersity of Toronto — 

R(,\. George Cooper. 
Weskyan I'niversity — 

I'rof, Robert II. JMfe. 



IK IXnEUSITV OK NIUCINIA. 



17 



Brown L"nivi.'r>ity — 

Mr. Henry K. Porter, 

Prof. William Mac Donald. 

Mr. George P. Winsliip. 
Dartmouth College — 

President \Vm. J. Tucker. 
Hampdcn-Sidney College — 

Prof. Ilcnry C. P>rock. 
Georgetown I'nivcrsiiy — 

Rev. Jerome n<>ugherty. 

Rev. Henry .A. Jud.ne. 
Williams College — 

President Henry Hopkins. 
University of Tennessee — 

Prof. C. D. Schmitt. 
University of North Carolina — 

Pres. Francis P. Venable, 

Prof. C. Alphonzo Smith. 
Union Theological Seminary — 

Prof. William A. Brown. 
Emory and Henry College — 

Prof. James S. Miller, 

Prof. John P. IMcConnell. 
Virginia Military Institute — 

Prof. Hunter Pendleton. 
University of Indiana — 

President Wm. L. Bryan. 
Queen's Urffsxrsity — 

Prof. A. Melville Bell. 
University of Missouri — 

President R. H. Jesse. 
College of the City of New York- 
Prof. Charles Baskerville. 
University of Mississippi — 

Chancellor Robert B. Fnlton. 
University of Wisconsin^ 

J. C. Bloodgood, M. D., 

Prof. Wm. H. Hobbs. 
Medical College of Virginia — 

Dr. George Ben Johnston. 
Roanoke College — 

Prof. F. V. N. Painter. 
Northwestern University — 

President Thomas F. Holgate. 
St. John's College — 

President Thomas Fell. 
Long Island College Hospital — 

Dr. Joseph H. Raymond. 



Randolph-. Macon College- 
President R. E. Black well. 
Richmond College — 

President 1-. W. Boatwright, 

Prof. Samuel C. Mitchell, 

Pn.t. Chas. 11. Winston. 
Tuhme rni\ersity — 

I'n.f. John K. 1-icklen, 

Ju.lKe I'dgar 11. I-arr;ir. 
Davids, in College- 
President Henry L. Smith. 
University of Michigan — 

President James B. Angell. 
Mount Holyoke College — 

Miss Frances Berkeley. 
Delaware College — 

Prof. Edgar Dawson. 
West Virginia University — 

President D. B. Pnrinton. 
Cornell University — 

Dr. L. O. Howard. 
University of Minnesota — 

Dean John F. Downey. 
University of the South — 

Vice-Chancellor B. Lawton Wig- 
gins. 
Ohio State University — 

Prof. R. D. Bohannon. 
Alabama Polytechnic Institute — 

Prof. George Petrie. 
Hampton Institute — 

President H. B. Frissell. 
Syracuse University — 

Prof. Morris P. Tilley. 
X'irginia Polytechnic Institute — 

Prof. T. P. Campljell. 

Prof. J. E. Williams. 
Smith College — 

President L. Clark Seelye. 
L'niversity of Cincinnati — 

Prof. Harris Hancock. 
Vanderhilt University — 

Chancellor J. H. Kirkland. 
Johns Hopkins University — 

President Ira Remsen, 

Prof. J. C. Ballagh, 

Dr. Howard A. Kelly. 

Dr. Hugh H. Voun.g. 



i8 



INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 



University of Kentucky — 

Judge Lyman Chalkley. 

Prof. Thomas B. McCartney, Jr. 
Washington University — 

President \V. S. Chaplin. 
Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology — 

President Henry S. Pritchett, 

Prof. Gaetano Lanza. 
Vassar College — 

President James M. Taylor. 
University of Texas — 

President Wm. L. Prather. 
University of North Dakota — 

President Webster Merrifield. 
Barnard College — 

Dean Laura D. Gill. 
Randolph-Macon College for 
Women — 

President W. W. Smith. 



State Female Normal School- 
President J. L. Jarman. 
State Normal College of North Caro- 
lina — 

President Charles D. Mclver. 
Bridgewater College — 

President Walter B. Yount. 
Agricultural College of North Caro- 
lina— 

Prof. W. F. Massey. 
University of Chicago — 

Dean Albion W. Small, 

Prof. Blewitt Lee. 
Baltimore L^niversity School of ]\Iedi- 
cine — 

Dean H. H. Biedler. 



SEVENTH DIJ'ISION. 

THE FACULTY OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

Marshals — Adjunct Professor Faulkner, Adjunct Professor Flipimn. 



Francis Henry Smith, 
William Elisha Peters, 
Noah Knowles Davis, 
William Morris Fontaine, 
Ormond Stone, 
William Mynn I'lidrnton, 
Francis Perry Dunningtni 
Jolm William Mallet, 
Milton Wylic Humphreys, 
Albert Henry Tuttle, 
Paul Brandon P)arringcr, 
Charles William Kent, 
William Minor Lile, 
William Gay Christian, 
Augustus Harper Bucknia.- 
James Albert Harrison, 
William ll.)I<ling bxliols, 
Richard ilealh Dal.ncy, 
Charles Allrr.l Graves, 



John Staige Davis, 
Raleigh Colston Minor, 
Richard Henry Wilson, 
James Morris Page, 
Thomas Fitzhugh, 
William Alexander L;in 
William Harrison l-anlK 
James Carroll h'lippin. 
Lewis Littlepagc llollad 
William Jackson Hump 
Edward .May .M;igruiKr 
W'illiam .Mann K.mdoli) 
James Hamilton i'.rouni 
Charles Scott Wn.ible. 
Ilalstead Shipnian I ledi 
William Douglas .Maon 
Robert llenning Webb, 
James Thomas Walker. 



OF THE UXIVEKSITY OK VIKtilNIA. 



19 



1- Kill III ninsiox. 
\-isrruKS Axi) ()ii-i(,-i:ks oi" iiii-. r.\i\'i:Ksi r\'. i':x-\'isri'()RS, 

11 1 1". MIM.I-.R HOARD Ol'' IRLSI'. 



]Iarsliiils—VKin-E» 
)()\viiinK, 



liciiry 11 
Carter Glass, 
Alexander W. Wallace, 
William II, White. 

'riionias H. Carter, 



Jij^eph Bryan, 
Armistead C. Gordon, 
Henry C. Stuart, 
R. W. Martin, 
Micajah Woods, 

J.)hn M. White, 
John B. Moon, 
Joseph Wilnier. 
Channing M. Bolton, 



R SniNK. I'uol'KSSdk (iUAVKS. 

Benjamin 1-". Buchanan, 
Daniel llarnmn, 
I'.piia I i union. Jr., 
R. Walton M.M.i-c. 

John S. I'alton, 
Howard Win^-ton. 



A. B. Chandler, 
Mason Gordon, 
Marshall McCorniick, 
L. R. W\atts. 

George Perkins, 
Charles E. Vawter, 
George W. Morris, 
R. T. W. Duke, Jr. 



xiXTH nnisiON. 

SPEAKERS Ol- THE DAY AND OTHER SPECIAL GUESTS. THE 

GOVERXOR Ol- \'IR(;iXIA. T1H-: RECTOR OI-' Till-: 

rXlX'KRSlTV. THE PRESIDENT OE THE 

uxivERsrrv. 

Marshals — Deax Christian. Deax I)AiiN?:v. 



Rev. Richard I). Smart. 

Epworth Church, Xorfolk. 
Archibald Cary Coolidge, 

Professor Harvard University. 
Walter Barnard Hill, 

Chancellor University of Georgi: 
Erancis Henry Smith. 



Xicholas Murray Butler, 

President Columbia University. 

Richard Henry Jesse. 

President University of Missouri. 

Robert Curtis Ogden, 

President Snnthern Educational 
Board. 



Professor University of Virginia. James Pinckney Harri-ou. 



Robert Glenn, 

Governor of North Carolina. 
John Warwick Daniel. 

United States Senator. 
Andrew Jackson Montague, 

Governor of Virginia. 
Rev. Samuel C. Mitchell, 

Professor Richmond College. 



Vice-President ( ieueral 
.Association. 
Thomas Staples Martin. 

United States Senator. 
Charles Pinckney Jinies. 

Rector of the University. 
Edwin Anderson Alderman, 

President of the Universitv. 



\luu 



Exercises in the Public Hall, Acadcinic 
Building. 

LWOrATloX. 

BY THE KEV. KUllAKI) 1). S.MAKT, D. D.^ 
NOUKOLK, VA. 

Alniii^htv (;o(l, (lur heavenly leather, from everlasting to everlast- 
ing Thou art God. high over all. Iilessed for evermore. We acknowl- 
edge Thee as the source of all life and light and truth, so that it is in 
Thee that we live and move and have our being. \Vc pray that Thou 
wilt graciously smile upon us as we are here assembled in the interest 
of higher education and of the highest development of the best that is 
in us. \\c thank ihcc for this institution of learning. Wc thank 
Thee for the wise men of old who laid its foundations broad and deep 
and well. We thank Thee for the work it has accomplished, for the 
high ideals it has ever held up before the people, and for the many 
illustrious sons who, having gone forth from its walls into all the 
walks of life, have rendered high and helpful service to mankind. 
And now. O Lord, as this day marks a new departure in the history 
of this institution, we invoke Thy special blessings upon it. .May its 
friends far and near rally to its su])port as never before. May its 
equipment for the work retjuired of it in the century upon which we 
are now entering be large and ample. P.less the great Commonwealth 
that fosters it; the Board of \isitors that controls it; the officers and 
teachers who serve it : and the students who from time to time may 
seek instruction within its walls. .May they not only have their intel- 
lects disciplined and their minds well stored with useful information, 
but may they also imbibe those nobler lessons of virtue and of truth 
that shall make them wise unto salvation. Ksi)ecially do we invoke 
Thy blessings, O Lord, upon Thy servant who has been called to 
preside over the destinies of this University. In the discharge of the 
responsible and delicate duties of this newly created office vouchsafe 
unto him that wi>(loni which cometh down from above and is profitable 



22 IXSTALLATIOX OF THE FIRST I'RESIUEXT 

to direct. Alul so niav this institution, in a larger sense than ever 
before, be a fountain the streams of which shall roll on broad and 
deep and pure down through many generations, blessing children yet 
unborn. These things we ask in His name, who hath taught us when 
we pray to say. Our Father, etc. 

IXDUCTIOX OF THE PRESIDENT. 

BY THE RECTOR, CHARLES PINCKNEY JONES^ 
MONTEREY, VA. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : — A growing public 
sentiment in favor of a change in the government of this University 
caused the General Assembly of the Commonwealth to impose upon 
the Rector and Visitors, as the governing body, the duty of electing a 
president. This sentiment was based on the loyalty and devotion to 
the best interests of the University of all her friends; and the Board 
of Visitors, after patient and anxious thought on the subject, finally 
concluded the duty assigned it by the election of Dr. Edwin Anderson 
Alderman to the high and responsible trust. We are therefore met, 
on this anniversary of the birth of our great founder, to formally 
inaugurate this change in our government, and induct Dr. Alderman 
into office as our first President. 

To the alumni and friends of the institution who know the mode 
in which the government has been administered in the past through a 
Chairman of the Faculty, the change possesses much significance. 
After following the plan of Mr. Jefferson for three-quarters of a 
century, we have come to depart from that feature of our educational 
government inaugurated by him. and to fall in line witli our sister 
universities in this respect, so that in tlie future we will have a siui^le 
head devoted to the service of educaticm and with more time to gi\'e 
to special interests than could possibly have been given h\- the Chair- 
man of the I'aculty. And while we are carrying into effect \\u> 
change, we are doing so with the hope that the office will be so 
administered as to (le])art as little as may be from the constitution of 
Mr, Jefferson, and with the confident assurance that il will be so 
administered as to change in no respect the unwritten law of lionesl\- 
and truthfulness, which are leading, and, it may he said, fundamental 
features of our government And mav we not l)elieve that the changi 
now made would have been sanctioned li\- Mr. jel'ferson under condi- 
tions as thev now exist? 

It only remains for me, sir, acting for the I'luard of X'isitors, to 
declare you llu' l're>i(leiU of the CniNHM-sity of \irginia, .-lud to (leli\-er 
you its chai-ter, and to pledge to you the heartiest sui)port thai the 
I')oard of X'isitors can "ive vou. 



OK THE INlVKUSnV Ol" \IUi.lMA 23 

^"l)U Will now roccivo ymir oalh of office: "Do you soiciniily 
swear tlial you will faithfully discharge and jjerforni all the (huies 
incumbent upon \ on as ['resident of the L'niversity of X'irginia. 
according' to the hest of yoiu- ahility. so help you (jod? " 

The^l 'resident: •■ I do." 

1 ;u-cepl the presidene\- of this I'niNersily, Mr. Ri-ctor, with 
huniilit\- and yet with i)ride. Snstaine(l and streni.;theneil hy the 
counsel and co-operation of the IJoard of Visitors, of my coIlea}.(Ucs 
of llie faculty, of the sons of this I'inversity, and of good citizens 
everywhere. I undertake this task with hojje and courai;e. To obey 
its statutes; to respect its ancient spirit; to maintain its lofty iileals; 
to seek with patience the laws of its growth; to <;ive to its service, 
with gla(hiess. whatever strength 1 liave. All this 1 shall seek to do. 
By God's help. 1 will. 

.\DDRESSES. 

For \'ik(;i.\i.\. a.\u Hek Other Institutions. 

i5y c.overxor .\.\drew j.\tks0n m0nt.\(;ue. 

Mr. President, Rector of the i'iii7'ersity. and J'isitors: 

In the stir of expectancy which greets this occasion, and the 
exulting confidence with which we look in the future, we can not 
forget the deeds and traditions of this institution and the purposes 
for which it was founded. The Father of this University contributed 
more fully than any statesman of his day and generation to the 
educational needs of a republic. He devised this school, not for sub- 
jects of a king, but for citizens of a republic, lie believed a govern- 
ment resting upon the people is a house built n])on s;ind unless freedom 
is vitalized by intelligence, and exercised with a sober sense of res])on- 
sibilily. 'I'his institution, as Jefferson wrought it out in his wisdom 
and affection, was the culmination of .a system of public education 
and intended to be an iusjiiration of democratic ideals and a constant 
stimulus to the loftiest aspirations for culture and science. 

Accordingly Mr. Jeffer.son appealed to the people for this Univer- 
sity, and by their authority and resource were form and substance 
given to this undertaking. This school lives off the State, but it also 
lives for the State ; and while we must be careful of what we get from 
the people, we nnust be more eager about that which we give back to 
the people. W'e nnist demand that this agency of the ])enple. as it 
grows in new jjower and strength, shall also grow in service to the 
people of the land. \\'e must i)lace her hand in luaternal touch with 
the common schools of our lan<l. thcrebv ener"izim/ all the forces that 



24 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

make for popular enlightenment. These primary schools should know- 
that in the halls of this University are lights of guidance for them, and 
in her chairs are fathers and friends of all forms of education. We 
must ask her to set herself anew to the democratization of education 
in order that an equality of opportunity shall come to every child who 
would know and serve his day and generation. 

Assuming as of right the leadership in our Connnonwealth. she 
should do so in affectionate co-operation with all other educational 
institutions, public and private, thus strengthening and ennoliling the 
spirit of culture, and unifying the forces of education. For only in 
so far as this University renders itself necessary to the people, and 
complemental to all other educational interests of the State, will it 
fulfil the ampler purposes of its founder; for the attachment of the 
people and the affections of sister institutions are among the chief 
assets in the endowment of any great university. 

So today we would recall her traditions that we may thereby 
consecrate ourselves anew to the purposes of her foundation, and as 
her devoted children in the hour of her buoyant strength we come to 
bring whatsoever we have of energy and wisdom for the promotion 
of her growth and the extension of her influence in the republic of 
culture and in the democracy of love and law. 

For the Faculty, 
by professor francis henry smith. 

It has perhaps been observed that Virginians from this section, 
when speaking in public — whatever their theme may be — rarely close 
without swerving toward Monticello and circulating about Thomas 
Jefferson. That eminent man reminds us of a giant planet that cap- 
tures every comet and meteor which dashes into its sphere. 

Surely, however, on this day and at this place, it is natural tliat 
our thoughts should turn to him of whom our countrymen everywhere 
are thinking. A few years since, one of my colleagues at a Faculty 
meeting said that, in all but the name, Mr. Jefferson was President of 
the University of N'irginia. Indeed, it looks so. From his aerie on 
yonder mountain he watched the progress of these buildings. In a 
room near by is the telescope he is said to have usid. If he saw 
anything wrong, tradition says, a gallop of twenty minutes brought 
him to the spot. He searched this and other lands for his Faculty, 
inviting Ticknor from Bo.ston, Cooper from Charleston, and, I l)elie\e, 
Priestley from Pennsylvania. He maintained close personal and social 
relations with the ])rofcssors and leading students. He conducted the 
Universitv"s eorresi)on(lence witli learned men Hke |)iii)ont, of Oela- 



OF IIIK I .\l\ ICKSnV l)K \IKi.lM\. 2$ 

ware, ami I'.arlow. of \\ nolw icli. lie was iiR-dialor l)<.l\virii llic 
L'nivcrsity and tin.' LcgislaluiX' ami people of Xirs^nnia. 

After an interval of eighty years, it seemed wise to llie ( ieneral 
Asseml)l\ and to the almnni. to the I'.oard of \isitors and to the 
I'acnltw that the I'niversity should as^ain ha\e a K'adi'r, with nothing;- 
to do Imt to lead, \irginia could otfer no hi,i;her honor to any man 
than to invite him to succeed her i:!;vvd{ son. The office of President 
was created, and the Board, after two years of patient search, selected 
for its first occupant a son of the South, devoted to the South, and at 
the same time an American w ilh sympathies as broad as our great land. 
After a pleasant association with him for six months, filled with new 
inspiration and hope, the l'"aonlty heartily and unanimously ratifies the 
selection of the Hoard. 

On this impressive occasion the I'aculty might offer many subjects 
of congratulation. Time allows us only to mention two. 

In the first place, the Faculty congratulates the University and 
you, Mr. President, that you do not come to us to take charge of a 
sickly or dying institution. They rejoice, as you rejoice, that Virginia 
has not called you here to raise the dead. If the testimony of one 
who has been here for many years, and has known the University in 
the old days and now in the new days, may be received, the institution 
had never been in a more vigorous condition than on that bright day 
when you came to us. Her Faculty and students were more than 
doubled in number. Her halls were filled with a company of young 
men who, in manliness, loyalty to truth and honor, devotion to and 
success in study, were not unworthy successors of those fine fellows, 
often their fathers and grandfathers, who brightened these arcades 
fifty years ago. Our equipment in libraries, apparatus, laboratories, 
and buildings generally was better than ever; more than .all this the 
University had a larger number of devoted alumni and was nearer to 
the people of Virginia than ever before. In the ])romising future 
and the enlarged possibilities which your coming. Mr. President, has 
opened to us, may w-e not rejoice with you that you head a cohunn 
whose faces are already turned toward the morning? 

In the second place, the Faculty would congratul.ite the Univer- 
sity, and yourself, that you come from North Carolina. ( )ur hearts 
grow a little w.irmer at the mention of a name with which \'irginia 
has been bound in many tender memories. These two States have, 
side by side, passed through bright days and dark days. X'irginia 
sacredly keeps the dust of many of Carolina's brave boys, and her 
Hving sons fill places of honor and trust among us to our great advan- 
tage. W'e are proud of her grand mountains, her noble forests, her 
sparkling rivers, and broad savannahs, possessed by a i)eoi)le worthy 



26 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

of SO beautiful a home — a gallant race, and one which has ever been 
among the foremost in peace and in war. We remember that within 
her borders was born the first white child of this great land, and. as 
was fitting in what was to be a Southern State, that child was a girl, 
and her name was Virginia. North Carolina, like Massachusetts, was 
then a part of \'irginia. May they always be united in feeling and in 
friendship, if not in name. In 1728 Colonel William Byrd drew what 
he called " the dividing line between Virginia and North Carolina." 
If that dividing line exists today except as a geographical fiction, may 
your coming to us help to obliterate it finally and forever. 

It only remains to say. Mr. President, that with regard to the 
future the Facultv, I am sure, will promise you two things, both of 
which they believe to be dear to your heart. 

In the first place, they promise to maintain at its old level and 
standard the faithful work done in these lecture rooms. I'hey know 
that this quiet, unostentatious labor does not arrest the public eye, but 
Ihey believe that it is their chief business here. Not more surely do 
the architectural glories of a great building rest upon and owe their 
permanency to the courses of masonry hidden out of sight below the 
.soil, than do the rank and fame of this University depend at last upon 
the good work done day by day in her classrooms. How dreary is 
this daily grind to a teacher who is only a hireling ; but to him who 
values aright the privilege and responsibility of molding these young 
lives, the dull routine loses its tedium and becomes divine. The Faculty 
promise you that this prime part of their duty, including interest in all 
that goes to make tip our internal life, shall be loyally performed. 

They recognize, however, that a new day has arisen upon our 
land, and that an American universitv is no longer a local institution, 
but an important factor in our national life. Universities were once 
cloisters, beautiful within, but frowning without, training their mem- 
bers away from and not into society. Now their quadrangles are open 
to the light and air; and the ])ulses of the national life imade and 
thrill all their recesses. The universities of our cdunlry bclnni;- to a 
real imion, though with an unwritten constitution. What happens to 
•one concerns all. When a fire swee])s away all that lire can destrov, 
messages of sympathy and offers of hel]) burden e\ery mail. Fiflv 
years ago such a scene as this around us now was unknown. The 
Faculty feels that in this modern extension of a nni\ersit\"s external 
relations and duties yon will have a burden n]»on \on almost too great 
for any man. They rt'S])ect fully ol'fer yon such co-operation within 
their ability as you may honor them by requesting. 

In conclusion, the faculty express to you. Mr. I 'i-esii|ent, the 
hope, rising to a prayer, that your future leadership nia\- be as 
.successful as the beginning of it has been ansnicions. 



OF TIIK IN 1\ KKSri V 111- \IKl.lMA. 27 

I'OK Tllh; Al.l MM. 

IIY SEXATOK THOMAS SIAI'I.KS MAKTIX. 
SCOTTSVILLE^ VA. 

Luilics ciiiil Cii-utli-iiu-ii : 

( )n hcliall' (if llu' aluinni, coniniissioiK'd so tn do li\- tlir l",xccutivc 
(."oniniittcc of the ( 'h--ikt;i1 Association of Alumni, the honor has 
(k'\olvc(l upon nic to say a few words on this interesting occasion, 
.since the formal ojieniut;- of this L'niversity on the 7th day of March. 
iS_'5. no e\ent has occurred in its history of equal importance with 
that event which hrinj^s this assembly here on tliis occasion. Ancient 
systems and usages ha\e my .greatest respect, especially systems and 
usages which liave wrought such great good as has been wrought l)y 
those systems and by the usages prevailing in this institution. I 
believe, however, in government and in progress. Speaking for myself 
and for the alumni of this institution, I welcome the important and 
radical innovation which has been made: welcome the office of presi- 
deiU. We welcome to that office the able, scholarly and distinguish.ed 
educator who has been chosen by the Rector and the Hoard of Visitors 
of this institution to preside over the destinies of an institution, the 
founding of which constituted the third greatest achievement of the 
greatest of all Americans 

Thomas Jeft'erson, it is true, did not give to this University a 
president: jjcrhaps his hostility to the idea of the centralization of too 
nuich power in one in<H\idual influenced him against that idea. h"ro- 
quently we hear it said that Thomas Jefferson was oi)posed to a 
president of the University of Virginia. I have been unable to find 
anything in the utterances of Thomas Jefferson justifying the belief 
that he had reached a deliberate conclusion that there should be no 
presi(K-nt for this institution. 

In Aprd, \Xj(k the Hoard of X'isitors elecleil William Wirt to be 
the President of the I'niversity, ])r()vi(ling in the resolution that if 
William Wirt did not accept the office that the action of the Hoard 
establishing the office should be null rni<l void. Mr. Jeff'erson entered 
u])on the minute book on that occasion his objection to a jjresident 
of this University at that time. He based his objection on four distinct 
grounds : 

First — He stated that he did not believe, under existing law. that 
the Board of X'isitors had the power to elect a president : 

Second — Tie stated that the financial condition of the I'niversity 
was such that it was not financially able to jiay the salary of a 
president : 

Third — He stated that the duties of a iiresideiit. such duties as 



28 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

were assigned to tlie president ])y the then made enactment, were at 
that time l)eing satisfactorily performed without a president ; 

(I have a verbatim copy of what Mr. JctYerson wrote on that 
occasion on the minute book of the Board. ) 

Fourth — He objected on the ground tliat there was not a full 
Board in attendance, only seven of the nine members being present. 

Now. I respectfully submit that there is not to be found in this 
paper of Mr. Jefferson's anything justifying this statement that he 
was opposed, per sc. to a president for this institution. What he 
stated will be well expressed by the last paragraph in what he himself 
at the time wrote, after having assigned the four reasons I have 
mentioned. 

Certainly it might have been inexpedient at that time, under 
existing conditions, to elect a president, and yet the man who con- 
sidered it inexpedient at that time under those conditions need not 
have come to a deliberate conclusion that a man should not at any 
time become the president to preside over the destinies of this great 
institution. 

I revert to this memorandum made by Mr. Jeft'erson, not that I 
would feel that the governing body of this institution at that time 
should be restrained from doing what was good for this institution 
because Mr. Jeft'erson in 1826 thought otherwise, for my reverence 
for this man is such that it is a pleasing duty to me to do all I can 
to demonstrate that the action taken would have had his approval. 

While Mr. Jefferson did not give to this University a president, 
he breathed into its organism and life principles that have lived 
and grown with the life and growth of the institution : — The principle 
of individual liberty, of individual responsibility, the principle of free- 
dom, the principle of equality, of right, and of opportunity. These 
principles all entered into the organization of this University from 
the very hour of its birth. As the power invested in a president of 
the United States is no menace to the sovereignty of the several States 
composing this I'nion, so the existence of a president to preside over 
this institution is no menace to the independence of the several schools 
constituting this great University. As the power of a president exer- 
cised under a written constitution is no menace to the rights of the 
individual American citizen, so, 1 may sa\-. tlie powers of a president 
at this University need not infringe, and will not infringe, ujjon the 
free exercise of individuality, of responsibility by every student wlio 
mav enter the walls of this I'niversity. I'.ut Mr. Jefferson ga\-e to 
this institution one great eharacteristie to which I nuist briefly allude. 
It is perhaps the most distinguished eharacteristie of all others con- 
nected w'illi the I'niversilv : - that is, the honor systtMU. Honor in 



(i|- riiK IN i\ Kusirv (ii- \iK(,iM\. 29 

the classi\)om, IiniKir in tlu' (.•xiiininatiun ronni. hniior in llu- daily 
associations of life has Iiolu tho foundation in-inciplo which has guided 
and directed the students from the very day this institution was 
founded. This has ,L;rt>wn, and nut of it an rsf^rit dc corps as high and 
as grand as can well he conceived of; and in turning over this Uni- 
versity to the control of the newly elected President, and in extending 
to that President the cordiaf co-operation and support of the alumni 
from one end of this land to another, I can not refrain from saying in 
the name of the alumni everywhere, to our distinguished President, 
that these principles which were l)reatlied into this institution hy its 
illustrious founder we confide to him witli the earnest hojjc that they 
may he accentuated and never diminished. 

In conclusion, ladies and gentlemen, as the Board of X'isitors 
have pledged to the President support and co-operation, and as the 
Faculty have in like manner set themselves to what they have done in 
the i)ast — for de\-e]oi)ment. growtli and prosperity of our alma mater, 
so I say to the almnni, as one man. may they rallv round the President 
and sustain liim in all his et'forls to make tiiis great I'niversitv even 
greater than it is now. 

For Si.ster Universities of the East. 

by professor .\rch ii',.\ld c.\ry cooliutie, of h.\k\-.\ri). 

Ladies and Gciillcincii : 

Von have heen listening to the words of your nearer hrethren, to 
the Governor of the State, the representatives of the Faculty and of 
the alumni of your own University. They iiave dwelt in eloquent 
tones on the loftiness of her iileals. on llie nohilily of her achievement, 
and on the manifold service which she has rendered to this State, to 
the South, to the whole country. I'.ui the voice> that shoidd testify 
in her praise are not merely those of her own children. Her name is 
known far and wide, and her influence has affected many who have 
had no claim to direct connection with her. It is meet, therefore, that 
on an occasion like the prc.'^ent, the sister universities from near and 
far should send their message of good-will and rejoicing; and to me 
has fallen the high honor of heing the first to speak in a greeting in 
the name of the universities of the Fast, many of which are among 
the oldest in the land. It is true that I am hut the insufficient suhsti- 
tute of the man who more fittingly than any other couhl convey to vou 
this greeting. 1 woidd that it might reach you from the lijjs of Presi- 
dent Eliot, of Harvard, whose own character and position would give 
additional weight tfi the words. I'or more than thirty years he has 
guided and directed the institution committed to his care ; he has met 



30 IXSTAI.LA'nOX OF THE FIRST I'RESIDEXT 

wilh l;itter opposition as well as unsparing criticism ; he has changed 
methods whose value time appeared to have consecrated: he lias risked 
experiments that were pronounced the height of rashness. And now 
that he has won the day, that his place is assured among the foremost 
names in the history of American education, it is he that should be 
here to declare what not only Harvard, but all our Eastern universities 
feel about their sister of Virginia. Unavoidable absence in Europe 
has prevented him from appearing in your midst ; still much as this is 
to be regretted, at least it has the advantage that I can bear witness 
with a freedom that would be impossible for him as to what can be 
accomplishd by the right college president, what a power for good 
he may be in the community, and how much he can add to the strength 
of his institution, be it ever so much attached to the methods under 
which it has long prospered, be it ever so justly proud of its traditions. 

Even to the University of Virginia time brings its necessary 
revolutions. The truth is eternal, but the ways in which it should be 
taught may vary from age to age, and no system is so sanctified by its 
triumphs in the past as to be beyond the need of change to meet 
changed conditions in the future. You have recognized that the 
moment has come when without sacrificing any of that spirit which 
has made your University what she is. it has been deemed best to 
modify her organization, to centralize her control, and to add to her 
executive efficiency, so that she may still better play her part in 
molding the thought of this rapidly growing nation. At this crucial 
point in her destinies it befits her sister universities to wish her God- 
speed. Speaking in the name of those of the East, I can assure you 
that we have not failed to appreciate what she has achieved an<l what 
she represents today. 

More than a generation before the University of A'irginia was 
founded, ^'alc and Harvard had already shown tlieir estimation of the 
man that was to lie her founder by conferring upon him their degrees 
of Doctor of Laws, the highest honor which it was in their jxiwer to 
l)estow. Many years aflerwarcls. in iSk;, Mr. George Ticknor, the 
well-known liistorian of S])anis]i literature, then teaching in Cam- 
bridge, wrote to Mr. Jefferson about his favorite project, as t'ollows: 
" I rejoice in it, not only disintert'stedh-, as a means of ])roinoting 
knowledge and ha])|)iness, ])Ut selfishh-, as the means of I'xciting bv 
powerful and dangerous rivalshi]) tlie enud.ation of our college ;it the 
Xorth." * * * And in our colleges we can echo these words to 
this hour. 

All our univt'rsities are striving with limited resources to do great 
things. ICach in her own way is following out her ideals .'ind trving 
to the best of her al>ilities to tr;iin her children and to inspire them to 



()i- Till-: ixnKusirv oi' \iki.ini.\. 31 

live for sumclhin^- Iu-^Ikt tluiii ^lK•m^^<.■l\ t.--. In this community ol" 
ctYorl each has taken her -liare and lias deserved our gratitude. In 
the minds of her sisler>. the L'ni\er>it\ of \'ir!j;inia has i)articularly 
stood for two inincii.les, one of them academic, thou-h hased partly 
on moral _t;round>. the oilier moral alone. 

.\t the present day what i> termed the elective syMeni of studies 
has found it> way in one form or another into nii>st of our higher 
institutions of learning; it has hegun to penetrate into the sclnKtls. and 
it has almost threatened the kindergartens. This liherty of choice, 
which at times can degenerate into license, has now hecome an educa- 
tional commonplace. We argue ahout the cpiestion of more or less, 
of the applicability of the system under a given set of circumstances, 
of the measures that shall ensure its more judicious use. But the 
idea has lost all no\elty for us. People no longer even .stop to ask 
where it came from. And yet. when eighty years ago the University 
of \'irginia was founded on a basis broader than that of any other 
college in the country, the elective system, which you alone at that 
earlv dav dared to introduce, was. indeed, a startling innovation, one 
that long could find hut few imitators. N'erily. it must have caused 
much shaking of the head among the wiseacres, who believed that for 
a path to be straight it must he narrow, and that the way of learning 
which they had followed themselves was the only proper one along 
which to guide the footsteps of others. Time has vindicated your 
wisdom and the foresight of your founder. The princii)le for which 
you contended has become a common heritage, ^'ou have shown that 
a broad road to knowledge need not be an easy one. for you have kept 
your standards .so high that you have discouraged many an applicant 
who would gladly have won your degree if it could have been obtained 
at any other cost than that of long and i)alient toil. All this wc of 
the sister universities ajipreciate — perha])s not without jealousy. 

There is. moreover, another ])rinci])le which we who li\e at a 
distance associate with the I'niversity of \'irginia. High as she has 
l)Ut knowledge as her ideal, she has put something else higher still. 
She has recognized from the beginning that her institution which has 
charge of youth, to mold them for after life, fulfils but a part of its 
rluty if it niini.sters merely to their intellects. The distinguishing 
mark oi its graduates should be not only learning, but character. 
That they should be gentlemen before the scholars. This truth, which 
in our modern striving for efficiency sometimes apjicars to be dropjiing 
into the background, has never been forgotten here. 

Who is there in the United States who knows of the I'niversity 
of \'irginia and does not think of her as the home of the honor system, 
the priceless possession of which others may well be envious? To 



32 



ALLATIOX OF THE FIK.'- 



vou it seems as natural as the air you l)reathe. To those less fortiuiate 
in this respect it remains, even if dit¥erent conditions make it difficult 
of attainment, an ideal, an encouragement towards a better state of 
things in the future. This is well, for never in our history has there 
been a greater need of a steadfast maintenance of the principles of 
character for which you have stood with such noble results. In this 
day of triumphant materialism, when faiths are rambling and nothing 
goes unquestioned, when success at any price is the one achievement 
that seems to appeal to a large portion of the community, when con- 
sciences are weakened by casuistry, when simplicity is looked upon 
as foolishness, and when the almighty dollar tends openly or insidiously 
to enslave us all, may the University of Virginia with an ever-enlarged 
sphere of influence stand as she always has stood for the principle of 
the Scotch poet, " The man's the gold for all that." 

For Sister Universities of the North. 

BY president NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER. OF COLUMBIA. 

Lodics and Gentlemen: 

One of the most charming of the shorter dialogues of Plato has for 
its subject friendship. After subtle and amusing discussions, you will 
remember, Socrates and his two young friends profess themselves un- 
able to discover what is a friend ! If fools may rush in where angels 
fear to tread, shall we not say that intimate association, complete confi- 
dence, and intellectual sympathy are the sure basis of friendship l)ctween 
men ? Then are we met today — some of us, I know, many of us. no 
doubt — to hail a friend, to bid him (iod-speed, and to stand at his side 
while he publicly consecrates himself to the service of an ideal. And 
than that ideal there is none loftier or more noble. It is the service 
of truth and of mankind, surrounded by all the ui)lifl. all the vigor, 
and all the opportunity of our American democracy. 

The human brain has conceived no finer career than that offered 
bv a universitv in a democracy. Xo longer do universities, however 
beautiful their fabric, content themselves with " whispering from tlieir 
towers the last enchantments of the Middle .\ge." for they must busily 
_' manifold eiichanlments of its own makinj;-. 
s, liowever ancient iheir traditions, carefully 
ey must ceaselessly te;ich lli;U the truly pr:ic- 
iil of those everlasting i)riiiciples which h,-i\e 
began. The shackles, to(T, are gone — the 
shackles i)hilosophic. the shackles scientitic. 
free, 
berty and our university freedom grew up side by 



exp 


lain to a 


. new ;i 


ige the 


No 


longer ( 


lo lun'versitie: 


shun the ])r; 


ictical, 


for till 


tica 


1 is but I 


he eml 


lodime 


been since 


the w 


•orld 1 


sha. 


ckles th. 


.■(.logic. 


the ^ 


TIk 


• truth // 


lis wv.ie 


le us f 




( »ur po 


lilical 1 


i berty 



Ol- line r.NIVIiKSITY Ol- nikci.nia. 33 

.^iilc. 'riu' saiiK' i)r(imi)liiii^s of the spirit tlial l)r()iii;lu to pass the one 
gave Us alM) tlic ullur. It is worth miiuliiii;-. too, that it was not bhnd 
passion, iioi untaiiK'd and reckless force, hut rellectivc thought that 
sowed tlie seeds of hotli. .\h)reover, political liherly and university 
freedom have this in connnon — the niakinsj; of men. iyrauny and 
censored lliiid<in>; may conceivahly make a man or two now and then, 
Imt they could ne\ er make men. .\nd men, real men, with disciplined 
minds, with fmely formed ;ind lemiiered ch;iraclers, with tile jjower to 
i^row li\ serxins.^, are the best ])roduct of the ages; for with our jjolit- 
ical liherty ;;iid our universities does freedom exist. 

Consider for a moment what it is that our democracy demands of 
its universities. It demands a detachment which judges fairly without 
an aloofness that fails to sympathize. It demands a progressiveness 
which presses forward without a pace tliat leaves appreciation breath- 
less. It demands a scholarship which is solid and sure without a 
pedantry that is sterile and suffocating. It demands a historic sense 
which interprets the present by the past, without an ancestor-worship 
that hows tlie head in contemplative awe. It dem.ands a catholicity of 
s])irii which bars no excellence without a su])erricial sentimentality 
that stops short of having convictions. Out of these elements is the 
atmosphere of a university compounded — detachment. ])rogressive- 
ness. scholarshij). historic sense, catholicity. Is it possible for a 
democracy to ])ay loo much honor to its universities? What life is 
better than a life which helps a university on its way? 

It is trite to say that universities are among the oldest of human 
institutions, yet it is worth repeating now and then. Universities are 
older than parliamentary government, older even than our familiar 
spoken tongues; they are but a little younger than the Roman law and 
the Roman Church. Stately, then, they are, and wise with watching 
maiiv men and manv moods, as well as useful and skilful, too, both 
to in(|uire and to teacli. In the l)eginniiig the universities never 
doubted the validity of their method; it was an all-con(|uering syllo- 
gistic logic. Today the uni\ersities are little given to doubt the 
validity of that scientific method which has dis])laced the syllogistic. 
It may be well for the confident modern to remember the errors of 
the equally confident scholar of the Middle Age and to profit by his 
exami)le. if possible. If. as Socrates said, an unexamined life is not 
worth living, then surely an uncriticised method abounds in danger. 
The university that does not persistently examine the validity of its 
method; that does not question its assumptions; that docs not. in other 
words, pay to philosophy its ju.st and necessary due, will not remain 
a university long. 

To a universitv in a democracv vou come, old friend, as counselor 



34 



INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 



and guide. The task is not a new one to your hea<l and hand. Yonder 
in the old North State, and across the mountains in the Crescent City, 
where the mighty father of waters halts for a moment before ending 
his winding course, you have taken the reins and driven skilfully the 
chariot of scholarship and of service. Today the scene is new. Here 
are fine traditions, noble ideals, brilliant achievement. :\Iay the pass- 
ing years bring only glory to the nation's University that is set in the 
Old Dominion's crown, and which bears her splendid name, and only 
happiness and honor to the President to whom today with high hope 
and sincere ati'ection we bid God-speed ! 

For Sister Universities of the South. 

BY chancellor WALTER BARNARD HILL, OF THE UNIVERSITY OF GE0R(;TA. 

Mr. President: 

Assuming that the geographical idea has had some influence in 
the making of the program for this auspicious occasion, I shall take 
the liberty of differentiating my congratulations from those of others 
upon the installation of your new President by claiming the privilege 
of speaking as the representative of the South. Undeterred, though, 
I confess, not unabashed, by this great fanfare and this august pres- 
ence, I shall speak without reserve of hinr and in a sense to hiuL of 
the affection of his brothers in the work of Southern education — an 
affection called forth by his inimitable personal charuL his great gifts 
of intellect, scholarship and eloquence, his pure and lofty character. 
Speaking in this intimate way, I am but one among the thousands tliat 
love him. and whose prayers will "Rise like a fountain for him day 
and night," that he may here work out in conspicuous realizati(Mi the 
high ideal of a great university — an ideal which he. when taking up 
elsewhere years ago the duties of a university i)resi(lent, pictured in 
these glowing words : 

" Mv d'.'sire would have it a i)lace where there is always a lirciih 
of freedom in the air; where a sound and various learning is taugr.t 
heartilv wilbnut sham or i)retense; where the life and teachings oi 
Jesus Christ furnish forth the ideal of right living and true manhood; 
where manners are gentle, and coin^tesies daily nudti|)ly between 
teacher and taught; where all classes and conditions ;nid beliefs are 
w^elcome, and men nia\- rise in earnt'st striving b\- the right of nier't ; 
where wealth is no ijrejudice and poverty no shame: where honorable 
labor, vwn rough la]>or of the bands, is gloritieil b\- high ])uri)ose and 
streinious dt'sire for tlie clearer air and the larger \iew ; wliere there 
is a will to ^er\e all high ends of a great State struggling u\) out of 
ignorance into general ]io\ver: where ukmi 'aw train(.'d to obserx'c 



(IK TIIK INIVKKSITY OK VIKCINIA. 35 

closely, to imagine vividly, lo reason aoouratvly. and In have alionl 
them some humility and some toleration; where, finally, truth shininj; 
patiently like a star bids us advance, and we will not turn aside." 

When I said, Mr. President, tlial 1 l<>nk the lilierty of assuming 
that I represented the Soulli, 1 used the i)lira>e in its widest and most 
cosmopolitan meaning. In 1717, wlun Sir Roliert Montgoniery :i])plied 
to the King of England lOr a grant ni' Kinds hetween the rivers 
.savann;di and Altaniali;i. to he named .\zali;i. he issurd ;i prospectus 
to attract colonists — ;i dociinieiit which might give jxiints even to 
Wall Street promoters — in which lie called attention to the fact that 
the new territory was " in the s.ame parallel as Palestine, and jjointed 
out by God's own choice." This prospectus is a warrant res])ectable 
in its anti(piily. it' not in its modesty, for claiming credit for Southern- 
ers for all that is achieved within our parallels of latitude around the 
globe. The belt of earth corresponding to the South makes Moses, 
as Bishop Candler, of Georgia, loves to say, "one of the first Southern 
gentlemen." It takes in Greece, and gives us for Southerners. Homer, 
Plato, Aristotle, and Alexander the Great. It takes in the southern 
end of Italy, and a slight curve of the line permissible to one who is 
constructing a theory, as it is to the maker of a railroad map, brings 
in all of that wondrous land, adding to our glories Csesar, Virgil, and 
l)aiue. It includes the birthplace of Napoleon, though we do not 
claim Xapoleon as a typical Southern gentleman. It comprises Japan, 
and while some people have been mystified at the marvelous develop- 
ment of the Flowery Kingdom, we have had the key to the fact in the 
advantage of its southern climate. Great Britain is a])parently alien 
to this clime, but the exception is only apparent, for what is it that 
has made possible the climate and thereby made possible the civilization 
of England? It is that southern gulf stream, that "river of the 
ocean," as your own Maury has called it — " that wandering summer 
of the seas " : so that ICnglishmen are only Southerners at long distance 
— a theory which gives its Shakesi)eare. Milton, and 'remiyson, 
Chatham, liurke. and Gladstone." 

In the ."^onlh. then, have dwelt, if you have followed me in this 
excursion around the globe, the Hebrew people, whose gift to the 
world was the idea of holiness; the Greek, whose gift to the world 
has been the idea of art ; the Romans, whose gift to the world was 
the idea of law, and the Anglo-Saxons (by courtesy of their hypothe- 
sis), whose gift to the world is liberty. These are large inclusions. 
I admit. 1)ut I avoid insistence on these " Alabama claims," and hasten 
on to one conclusion which 1 know will pass unchallenged, and that is, 
in Dr. .Mderman's noble vision of the University, and 1 trust he will 
forgive me for saying in the heart and sold of the seer, there have 



36 INSTALLATION OF T}IE FIRST PRESIDENT 

entered the highest and best of all the inspirations of the Hebrew 
ethical ideal, of Greek culture and beauty, of Roman administration, 
and Anglo-Saxon freedom. 

Speaking on behalf of the other institutions of learning in the 
South. I wish to say that we recognize the strategic position of the 
University of \'irginia. its unique situation, its peculiar national rela- 
tion, and its leadership. Endeavoring to make plain the spirit of this 
recognition, I have recourse to one of the noblest orations of American 
eloquence, an address delivered by Hon. James C. Carter, of New 
York, on the occasion of the dedication of the new buildings of the 
University. June, 1898. I may say here, in parenthesis, that the Uni- 
versitv of X'irginia has, in my judgment, received no more splendid 
tribute in all its history than its recognitii:)n in the last will and 
testament of that great man. who stood, in the esteem of his brethren, 
at the head of the American bar. In concluding his great address, 
Mr. Carter said : 

"And the ancient Commonwealth of X'irginia — to what nobler 
object can she extend her favor and support than the building up upon 
this historic spot of a great university wdiich shall be at once the home 
of the sciences and the arts, and the nursery of political freedom? 
Outshining all her sister colonies in the splendor of her contribution 
to the galaxy of great names which adorns our Revolutionary history, 
how can she better perpetuate that glory than by sending forth from 
her own soil a new line of patriot statesmen? Xo jealousies will 
attend her efforts to this great end. and her sister States would greet 
with delight her reascending star once more blazing in the zenith of 
its own proper firmament." 

As the orator was speaking for \'irginia's sister States, so under- 
taking to speak for the educational institutions in the South. I would 
say, " no jealousies. Mr. President, will attend your ettorts '" to realize 
the great ideal of your life here. Without envy, we see that yours is 
the first Southern institution in whose very birth national inlluences 
were at work in that unpretending tavern in Kock i-'ish Cap. where 
three presidents of the Cnited States, with other distinguished men, 
met to prei)are a report iqion a rounded scheme of state education. 
We recognize, too, that N'irginia occu])ies a i)ec\diar relation to the 
South in the fact that it was on her territory th:it the tremendous 
issues of the war between the States were fought out and settled, 
thus linkini-- the verv names of her battlefields with the traditions of 



every 


So 


utliei 


■n Slai 


bl.HKl 


of 


[hv ll 


irav(.' s 


the li 


resi 


de t 


r.aditio 


Southern 


uni\ 


.-ersitii. 


versit 


y 


f t ;e( 


)rgia \ 



^•;is \irgin 


ia'.s soil ; 


doue 


that dran 


k lla 


he South, 


tluis link 


ing y 


our name 


with 


y Souther 


n hoint'. 


The 


w were 


othet 


'istence be 


gan befoi 


\' \'Ol 


irs. The 


Cni- 



was chartert'd in 1785. 



OK IIIK r.NIXKKSirV OK \II<(ilNI.\. 37 

^'()u ixmik'hiIkt with |anu> ( '. (arur. ulioni I ai^aiii ijUoti.-, that 
■■ tlK- youth wlio art.- hroui^ht lui\- should study not ,,u\y iIk- prini-ipk-s 
of lihcrly and free i^ox (.ruunui as taii},dn hy the founder. I)ut the new 
prohlenis arising- from the piixhi^ious growth of tlie nation and its 
rajtid material consohdation ; the true |irinei|»les of Ie,i^islati(»u. and 
hy uliat methods liherty is hest reconciled witli order and witli hr.v; 
teaching thuu to i>refer for tlieir enuntry that nnown among the 
nations wliicli comes from the con-taut (hsjday of tlie love of peace 
and justice."' ^■ou will look to the future, for. in the language of the 
poet who should have heeu heir to the laurel of Tenny.son 

" He loves man's uohle memories too well 
Who does not love man's uohler ho])es yet more." 

For the fulfilment of this great ideal the man and the hour have 
met. Providence has given you a leader : 

" One who counts no jjuhlic toil so hard 

As idly glittering pleasures ; one controlled 
By no moh's haste, nor swayed hy gods of gold ; 

['rizin,<i'. not courting, all just men's regard; 
With none hut Manhood's ancient Order starred. 

Xor crowned with titles less august and old 
Thau human greatness: larg-e-brained, limpid-souled ; 

Whom dreams can hurry not. nor doubts retard; 
I'.nrn. nurtured of the Penpk'. living still 

The l'eoi)le's life; and though their uohlesl llower. 
In nought renii)\ed above them, save alone 

In loftier virtue wisdom, courage. ])ower." 

FoK SiSTEK L'XIVEKSITIES OF THE W'e.ST. 
I'.Y I'KE.-sIUE.NT U. II. JESSE. OK THE rNIXEKSITY OK MISSOl UI. 

I bring. Mr. President, greetings from the I'niversity of Missouri 
to my aliiiii inalcr. the L'ni\ersity of X'irginia — greetings from the 
Louisiana Purchase acipiired by Thomas Jefferson, to this Mother of 
State Universities founded by him. 

Jefferson was the greatest prophet of public education that our 
country has yet producefl. I'or fifty years he was dominated by a 
passion for civil and religious freedom through rejiublican institutions, 
and by a passion for public education in common schools. an<l in l^tate 
universities. 

For a season, at least, Mr. TetYerson's ideas in behalf of education 



38 INSTALLATTOX OF THE FIRST PKESIDENT 

(lid not l)car imuii fruit in the Old Dominion, hut the yield from them 
was magnihcent in the daughters of Airginia heyond the Alleghany 
^Mountains. As every student of history knows, N'irginia ceded to the 
Federal Government most of the land embraced in the " Northwest 
Territory" — the vast region lying north of the Ohio River, east of 
the Alississippi. south of Canada, and west of the Alleghany AIoiui- 
tains. 

In 1803, Ohio, \'irginia"s latest daughter from the West, knocked 
for admission into this sisterhood of States. Jefferson was at that 
time President of the United States. Congress imposed upon (;)hio 
certain conditions which she must faithfully observe before being 
admitted into the Union ; and with these two conditions were two 
large grants of land, one for the endowment of what ultimately becajiie 
a State imiversity. This magnificent policy in regard to public 
education, established under the presidency of JefTerson. has been 
pursued by our country in the admission of Western States for over 
one hundred years. If we except West Virginia and Texas, no State 
from the crest of the Alleghany Mountains to the shores of the Pacific 
Ocean for 102 years has been admitted into the Union without pledging 
the support of its people to common schools and State universities. 

And in these later days this policy, so to speak, this policy first 
established by Jefferson, has stretched its wings beyond the confines 
of our continent, and touched with pinion tii)s our island possessions 
in the eastern and western seas, ^^'e therefore, who believe in public 
schools and State universities, and esi)ecially the ])eoi)le of the West, 
may well cry unto him as the lesser proj)hets of old cried ever unto 
the greater. " My father, my father, the chariots of Israel and the 
horsemen thereof. "" P'or verily unto our Israel of j)ul)lic education, 
from kindergarten to State university, Jefferson has been as a squad- 
ron of armed chariots and as a legion of mailed horsemen. He has 
been father also of ]:)ublic schools and Slate uni\-ersities beginning 



with Ohio and stretching out to the shores of 


the Pacific Ocean. 


Compelled, rninlly. against his will, to ab: 


mdon the iilea of public 


schools in Virginia, Jefferson still struggled 


for the Last twenty-ti\e 


years of his life with longue and with ])en ai 


id with zeal for a great 


State university. Time fails me to tell you i 


.■\eii brielly of his ideal 


of higher education. 




Let me call yoiu" attention to the fact thai 


the best seats of leani- 


ings on earth in JelTerson's day consisted ( 


)f deparliiienls of Law. 


Me<licine. Theology, an.l Philosophy, lie had 


no ])in'cedenl in l'Airo;)o 


or in .Xnu'rica for going beyond this concent 


r.-ited (|u;i(lri\iuiii. lint 


these de])arlmenls, important as they are. rej 


ireseiited but a lithe of 



OF THE rNl\i:US|TY Ol' \Il«;iNI.\. 39 

the inslruotion which Mr. UlTiTson iilaminl hew. \'nr i-x;mii)K-, 
without the pixoctk-iu tlurcfor amuii}^ institiilious tlu-ii (.•xisiins^ in 
Anu'rioa and luiropc. In- advocated instriiolitm in the "" use of tools." 
and in 'reclniical I'hilosophy, — or. as wc sliould say now, in Manual 
Training; and in l-ln.ifinccring. To liie (hsniay of c(hicators. he hiid 
out here courses in Aijricuhure. HorticuUure, X'eterinary Surgery. 
and in Mihtary Science. .XHl until 1S62 did our country finally realize 
that a Cdlleye of .\gricidtine. enihracing also the Science of Warfare, 
might he added to a great university without utterly tlcstroying its 
dignity. It was liere among these Ragged mountains he ])leaded for 
courses in I'ine Art. and in Tools, in Architecture. " ( ivil. Military, 
and Xaval." .\nd schools of Commerce. Manufacture, schools of 
Statesmanship, and Diplom.'icy he would iiave estahlished here when 
the nineteenth century was yet in its teens had \'irginia only heart- 
ened unto his advice. Xor did he forget to plead for the "Theory 
of Music." Indeed, there is scarcely a large division of learning that 
has been added within the past one hundred years to any considerable 
college or university in this country that Jefferson did not clearly 
outline as a part of his ideal State University of Virginia : and I can 
not find a department for which he pleaded, saving only a School of 
Manufacture, that has not subsequently been adopted in more than 
one American institution of unquestionable renown. 

Indeed. Engineering, for example, has been develoi)ed in the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, far beyond that " Technical 
Philosophy " which Jefferson had in mind, and so with everything else. 
But of what other man in the hi.story of the human race can it be said 
that, standing on the threshold of a period of rapid change, he forecast 
the development of higher education for a century of time? 

The University which he finally founded here in the twilight of 
his days was but a i)art of that institution which he had fancied: never- 
theless, in spite of all its shortcomings, for the sjjace of fifty years it 
was perhaps the foremost seat of learning on this continent. Rut 
when, in 1876. the Johns Hopkins opened its doors, then for a season, 
at least. " the sceptre departed from Judah and a law-giver from 
between his feet." Then arose among our .American imiversities that 
fierce struggle for i)re-eminence which for thirty years has raged 
Xorth and South, and East and West. 

It may well be, Mr. President, that beginning from today there 
shall yet come an era of rapid growth anrl expansion to this Mother 
of State Universities, the daughter of Thomas Jefferson. It may he 
that ere long his vision shall yet be fulfilled here in a full-orbed uni- 
versity, the embodiment of all that he hoj)ed for and of all that has 
been achieved in higher education in our country in a century of time. 



40 INSTALI.ATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

The All-Gracious God grant that this come to pass quickly for the 
repose of his soul who was father unto the University of \'irginia. 

Long ago the Prophet went up from among his disciples. His 
mantle, in mid-air long suspended, as it were, seems to have fallen 
upon your shoulders. ]\Ir. President. ]\Iay a double portion of his 
spirit be upon you ! 

INAUGURAL ADDRESS BY PRESIDEXT ALDERAIAX. 

Eighty-seven years ago, the Commonwealth of A'irginia, inspired 
by the genius of Thomas Jefferson, guided by the patient good sense 
of Joseph Cabell, and heartened by the encouragement of James Madi- 
son and James Monroe, laid the foundation of this University, and 
dedicated it consciously to freedom for mind and soul, to desire for 
knowledge and truth, and to solemn faith in the justice and slow 
progressiveness of a democratic society. ]Men of English and Scotch- 
Irish breeding long settled on the soil of the State, had evolved a free 
and forceful society of gracious charm and distinction, and leadership 
in the republic then belonged to Mrginia through the rare greatness 
of her sons. 

Out of her social conditions had come the spirit that called for 
revolution ]n voices singularly clear and sweet. Erom her indepen- 
dent life had arisen the forces that clothed in noble phrase the reasons 
for revolution ; that guided victoriously the legions of war ; that bore 
just part in the shaping of the Constitution, so compact of high sense 
and tragic compromise : that interpreted its spirit ; that widened 
colonial vision from ])rovincialism to eni])ire ; that fixed faith in 
average humanity as the philosophy of a new civilization 
set the framework of the great poptilar experiment in 
imperishable stren-gth and beauty. 

The illustrious man who inspired this foundation h 
honor here. Here he lived, here they laid his mortal Ixxly 
dwells in ceaseless energy his innnortal spirit. Put Thomas 
like ( ieorge Washington, is a world name and a world 1 
phrases, on the li])S of aspiration, stand everywhere as a r 
a stmiibling-block to tyranny and op]M-ession. I lis ideals, f 
ing in all lands, have given energy and reality to the i 
movement of ilu' modern age in l"'uro])e and America. '!"( 
versity Thomas JelTerxin is something more than a philoso|)hy. or a 
figure in a pan.lheon. lie is a friend, a founder, a father. Xo 
university in the world — not Rologna, or El Ashar. or ()xford. or 
Prague — is so inlimalely associated with so innnortal a name. 'I'o 
us he inhabits his hiiih hill forexer, an unwearied, versatile, mvriad- 



and that 


forms of 


.s eternal 


and here 


Jefferson, 


i-ce. His 


■buke and 


ir spread- 


emocratic 


this Uni- 



()|- TlllC INlVKKSirV Ol \IKlilNl.\. 4I 

luiiuk'd old man. aciiiiaiiiti'd wiih i^lory and W\\i\\ station, a smile- of 
taitli forever on his lips, a passion for fri-t-dom forever al his lu-arl. 
knowing; men deei)ly. and yet hclieving in them and havinj; patience 
with them; suhjecting everythin<j, with thontfhtful radicalism, to the 
test of their advancement; watching with patient eyes the slow rising 
walls of this University for their training, and connting that fonn<lation 
the greatest in the snm of liis \ asi iiunian achievement. 

Horn thus of the iniion of human enthusiasm and civic imi)ulse. 
the Tniversiiv of \irginia seems to me llie first deliheratc gift of 
democratic iilealism to the nation an<l century, lliough three-score and 
seven institutions had preceded it in the national life, owing their 
origin to the great historic causes of religious zeal, jjrivate heneficence 
and high community impulses for wisdom and guidance. 

In our satisfaction that we stand so impressively as an ex])ression 
of the national mind toward political self-direction let us not forget 
the debt that we owe to the great forces that had already huilded the 
pioneer American institutions, out of which had come the inspiration 
for Lexington and Vorktown, the C ontinental Congress, and the Con- 
stitutional Convention. In particular, let us not forget the religious 
motive that gave sacredness and moral direction to our ideals, that 
held us to the faith ihril man's relation to God is the supreme essence 
of human culture, and that admonishes us, day by day, that "through 
wisdom is an house builded, and by understanding it is established, 
and by knowledge shall the chambers be filled with all i)recious and 
])leasant riches." 

Universities stand both as servants and as symbols of the spiritual 
insight and the social needs of their epochs. The Greek peoples 
studied philoso])hy because the need of their time was ethical. The 
Englishman is nilent upon the getting of gener.d culture, because his 
need is for the man of breadth and cultured will. In the second decade 
of llie rei)ui)lic. jxipular thought centered upon the rights of man and 
the bounds of political freedom. The statement of the purpose in the 
founding of the University, therefore, drawn up by the same hand 
that had drawn up the Declaration of .\nierican Indci)endence. while 
reflecting this mood of the age. passed beyond it with a daring com- 
prehensiveness that marks our founder as a master of foresight and 
interpretation. " This University shall exist," said Jefferson. 

"(i) To form the statesmen, legislators, and judges, on whom 
public prosperity and individual hai)])i-ness are .so much to depend : 

'•(2) To expounfl the principles and structure of government, the 
laws which regulate the intercourse of nations, those formed numici- 
pally for our own government, and a sound s])irit of legislation which, 
banishing all unnecessarv restraint on individual action, sh.nll leave 



42 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

US free to do whatever does not violate the e(|ual rights of another ; 

"(3) To liarmonize and promote the interests of agriculture, man- 
ufactures, and commerce, and by well informed views of political 
economy, to give a free scope to the public industry ; 

"(4) To develop the reasoning faculties of our youth, enlarge their 
minds, cultivate their morals, and instill into them the precepts of 
virtue and order ; 

"(5) To enlighten them with mathematical and physical sciences, 
which advance the arts and administer to the health, the subsistence 
and comforts of human life; 

"(6) And, generally, to form them to habits of reflection and 
correct action, rendering them examples of virtue to others and of 
happiness within themselves." 

Not since John ^lilton had declared that to be " a compleat and 
generous education which fits a man to perform justly, skilfully and 
magnanimously all the offices, both public and private, of peace and 
war," had there been put forth such a classic statement of educational 
purpose, and as only he who could draw the bow of Ulysses, could 
realize the Aliltonic ideal, so all the constructive thinking and piled-up 
wealth of succeeding generations have left unattained the Jeffersonian 
programme. In its academic structure and in the scope and grouping 
of its work. Jefferson had spiritual sight of the modern American 
university, even now but dimly taking shajjc out of the needs of a 
new society, the efforts of countless men and unmeasured power, as 
our greatest intellectual achievement. His revolutionary mind put 
aside the English college model as the i)roper force for training the 
American democrat, with its exclusive tradition of humanistic culture, 
and the formalism of the English country gentleman, though he was 
broad enough to recognize the wisdom of hrdls of residence and the 
connnunal life therein, which the bjiglish had evoKed. and which they 
believe has contributed to produce the ty])e of man who has wideneil 
the arch of the l)ritish l^mpire. 

I'residiMil l'"Jiot a great modern master and interpreter of educa- 
tional method and purpose, has recentl\- declared th;it there are three 
indispensable .'iltributes of a true university: JM-eedom in the choice 
of studies; o])])ortunitv to win distinction in s|)eci;d liui's ot study: a 
discipline which im])oses on each in(li\i(lu;il the i-esi)onsil)ility for 
forming his own habits and guiding his own conduct. 

Our great dreamer seized just these three' essentials, and ujion 
tlu'in sha])ed the life of the University of X'irginia. ;is necessar\- con- 
ditions. ;il a lime when they were not only unreali/ed. bul miini;igint. d 
in Ann-ricaii educal ion.al pr;ictice. To this .absolulely right foumlation 
are duv the just claims that here began the lirsl real Americ;in uni\er- 



(11- TlIK rNUKKSIlY Ol- \IK(,INI\. 43 

sily. ami the t'ir>t \vli(>U'-lKan(.'tl cxix-riiiKiu with iIk- elective principle, 
and the interesting resnlt, that there lias always been a real nniversity 
at Charlottesville. In spite of meagre e(|uii)inent. though at its hirth 
it was ])rol)al)ly tlie nio^l liherally planned institution of the country. 
in spite of in^ulticicnl preparatory training at times for its students; 
in .si)ite of restricted scope and inaliility lo welcome into the circle 
of lil)eral arts the growing mass of new studio, the imiversity spirit 
has always informed our life — a spirit that heheld the scholar's life 
as a fair and fruitful thing, hegot in xoulh a desire, not only to acquire. 
but to add somewh.it to tlie sum of knowledge, and evolved a method 
of intensive tliorouglnu's> that yieltled knowledge of how truth may 
he won. 

Tile character of an institution i.s the resultant of its ideals and 
of the social forces that cry out to it for direction. The tirst three 
decades in the life of this university, like the lirst three in the life of 
man. forever tixed its character. The revolutionary dynasty had 
])assed away, their battle for equality and human sympathy securely 
won. A young repulilic. its concept of democracy suddenly shifted 
from sovereignty to onmijiotence. stood iq) before the world, lacking 
the instinct of unity, virile and wayward in its confident strength. 

Steam and in\enti\e genius touched its heart with desire and 
pointed the way for material advancement. A vast untouched emjiire 
beckoned adventurous spirits from all lands to enterprise and con(|uesl. 
There was brewing the storm of a great argument as to the nature of 
this I'nion. made necessary by the silence and indecision of the Con- 
stitution, and made inuninent by the ])resence of a vast human ])rohlem 
in economics beijueathed to us by tlie industrial need and moral 
callousness of ages past. Men in .\merica have never been so much 
in earnest about vital things as they were in those days. Their hearts 
were touched with fire and their very lives did not appear to thcni so 
indispensable as their ideas. The passion of the time was a passion 
for principle and loyalty. The ajititude of the time was for the build- 
ing of States. There was no ro(jm in high places for the cynic, the 
idler, the self-seeker. Cleared of human weakness and hot tempt r. 
one sees in these sad. earnest years a time of single-mindedness and 
sincerity of the ujjlifted heart, and of steadfast gazing upon the heights 
of honor and duty, and tlK\ must iver remain the e])ic j)erio(l of the 
struggle of deir.ocracy. under crushing difficulties, after self-conscious- 
ness and unity of f)urpose. 

True wisdom guided the selection of the formative men who came 
here to teach, whether from Europe or .\merica, for they were high- 
statured men and great teachers, as well as scholars, evoking enthu- 
siasm for letters in their disci])les. setting high .and necessary standards 



44 IXSTALLATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

of scholarship in tlic laiui. and leaving liehiiul them an enduring educa- 
tion of sweet and vital memories. Dunglison, Emmet, Tucker, Cabell. 
Rogers, Ciessner Harrison, Davis, McGuffey, Courtenay. \'enable. 
Minor, to mention only some of the dead. The mere intonation of 
their names, each a unit of power, of sacrifice, and of service, is the 
best celebration of their fame my tongue can fashion. The old grad- 
uate here recalls men, not buildings. When he accounts for his 
measure of virtue, he calls the roll of his old teachers, as Marcus 
Aurelius did, long ages ago. on the l)anks of the Danube. Indeed, 
the distinction of this life has been the contact of the individual with 
the great teacher. 

The youth who came here to learn were such youth as such times 
breed. Thev were heedless of much that is heeded now. But they 
were afire with the impulses of their generation. There dwelt in them 
the root of a deep seriousness, an earnest ambition for service to the 
State, and a calm faith in the power of the cultured will and the 
honorable life. It was the golden age of education in the Southern 
States — the high water mark of individual effort in behalf of the 
training of ])icked youth. " Studies were blooming and minds awaken- 
ing." More than eight thousand young scholars, from a varied terri- 
tory, passed through these walls between 1830-60 to the larger life of 
leadership in church and state, as cabinet ministers, jurists, physicians, 
senators, governors, scholars, preachers and great cultured gentle- 
men. The sjjirit of the time sent most of them into the public service, 
where they made of politics a lofty profession, the tradition of which 
informs and ennobles American political life today. But they may be 
found all along the wide lines of life, finding eternal beauty in form, 
like Poe ; searching the Arctic seas, like Kane; joining Xew England's 
scholars in the great movement which In-ought ( iermanic scholarshi]) 
to our shores; seeking and serving God, like ]')r(Xidus and Dudley; or 
vielding up their lives in righteous consecration on the b.attle's edge. 

( )ut of the inter-ijlav of such forces, in a time of such intensity 
and i)ersonality, was won the intimate character of the L'niversity of 
Virginia. ( )ne does not have to search for this institutional character 
as for something elusive and sul)tle. It shines out before the face of 
the stranger in five clear jjoints of light : 

A sympathetic imderstanding of deniocracv as a working hypothe- 
sis of life, guaranteeing to every man a chance to realize the best that 
is in him. 

.\n absolute religious freedom, combined with wide and \it.d 
religious op]>ortunities. 

An a])peal lo the best in young men, rc-sulting in the crration of 
a student public o])inion and a student system of honor, which en<lo\\ed 



<)!• rilK IMX KUSl I'V (ll- \IUi,INIA. 45 

ihc luiivcrsiiy oi ihc pasl, and «,ii(lnu> ihc iiniv(.-r>ity of lo.laN with its 
richest asset of reputation ami tame. 

A high standard of scliDlarship rigidly maintained, in an air of 
freedom of learning and freedom of teaching, hcgetting an austere 
itleal of intellectual thoroughness and honesty. 

A conception of culture as a compound of sound karning and 
gracious conduct, a^ an inluTitancr of manhood and moral will won 
through discipline and concpiesi. and as a capacity to deal wilii m<'n 
in the rough work of the world, with gentleness and simplicity. 

When the tempest of war finally fell, it was this spirit that ])os- 
sessed the twenty-five hundred ardent young souls who went forth 
from these doors, and "on war's red touchstone rang true metal." 
When the tempest ceased, it was this same spirit that hred in the men 
of today strength and patience, and a genius of common sense that 
enahled them to endure, to rehuild. and to preserve for the world 
things the world should not lose. 1 pledge myself, under ( lod. to do 
what 1 can to cherish and to magnify, come good days or ill. this 
inspiring university character. I do not mean that there should not 
he readjustment here — change, if you will — the growth that is con- 
servative of life and comes out of the tissues of ancient strength. A 
changing society means a changing curriculum, and a university is 
society shaping itself to future needs. But there are things that are 
eternal, and the suhstance of this ancient s])irit of the University of 
\'irginia is one of them. 

The Americans of the Southern States are the only .\mericans 
who have known in direct form the discijjline of war and the education 
of defeat. They alone of this unheaten land have had intimate experi- 
ence of revolution and despair. The University of \'irginia as their 
chiefest servant, has shared with them this .stern self-revealing tute- 
lage. One can never know what fair visions of its destiny filled the 
eye of Thomas Jefferson. He heheld it guiding wisely the local life 
of \'irginia. He heheld it as a training jjlace for d-.-mocratic leadershii) 
in the State and nation : as an inspirer to the great Northwest and 
Southwest, as those States swept into ordered life; hut his optimism, 
as well as human limitations, shut it out from his sight, in its sacred- 
cst relation, as the source of light to a land left in darkness and silence 
hy the storm of war. Is there in academic annals such a story of 
precious privilege and fulfilment? As each stricken .State found henrt 
to relight its ancient torches, its sons came here for the sacred fire, 
where patient hands had kept it hurning, or to our sister university in 
the valley, where the great soldier sat at the teacher's desk, revealing 
a moral splendor more touching and glorious than his martial fame. 
To the Southern man of middle life, the universitv meant this Univer- 



46 INSTALLATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

sity. The world has deemed this a genlle and loval)le provinciahsni, 
Init in a deep sense it was true, for here, indeed, was the home of his 
ideals, and henee had come the men. the methods, the reawakened 
educational desire, the nohle consolation of unweakened spirit, and 
even amid the ravages of war, the unravaged vision of arts and 
philosophy. 

Secure, therefore, in the dignity of an intellectual authority which 
it has earned, and a national service which it has rendered, enriclied 
by the currents of a gentle civilization flowing about it for generations. 
protected by the love and veneration of thousands, seated among hills 
of quiet strength and beauty, and stamped upon its outward form with 
'' the glory that was Greece, and the grandeur that was Rome," if I 
may use the very words of its most gifted child of genius and song, 
this University faces the future, which summons you and me to pre- 
serve and strengthen, as it summoned the founders to conceive and 
create. 

The glory of Jefferson was his enthusiasm for the future. It was 
the prophecy in democracy that charmed his spirit. A noble past 
might be a dangerous thing, he thought, if it brought contentment with 
a com])lacent ])resent or an uncertain future, and there was no splendor 
in it for him. if it did not urge men onward. It has been given to this 
University to render wide and definite service for political freedom 
and human culture and character in an age of national development 
and trial. Is there not equal work for it to do in behalf of spiritual 
freedom and economic independence and justice in an age of social 
expansion and experiment? Is it not just as much a pioneer in the 
latter struggle for a larger life, as it was when it came from the h;nid 
of its founder in the generous fervor of a new hoi)e ? There is still a 
democracy to be ser\-ed. with its dreams unrealized, its ideals changed, 
its jjoint of \-iew advanced The democracy of the young century was 
a theory of politics and philosoi)hy. The democracy of toda\- is society 
fused bv the divine energv of the ^Master, seeking nnitv and develop- 
ment, a connnon heart and conscience. If some of its earl\- dreams 
have faded in the light of common day. it is because economic and 
social questions strike deeper than issues formal and ])olilical. and for 
their solution make demand les^ uimn emotions and impulst's. and more 
U])on sound knowledge, ordered thinking. ;ind constrncli\-e ini;iginalion 
The craving of its ])resent mood is for op])ortunily to share in the 
fullness of life, to break u]) its masses into units, to sift its units for 
hidden treasures, and to niter into the liner inheritances of the civiliza- 
tion which it has hel|)ed to build. The gre.'it-grandsons of the men 
who fancied the sulTrage wiuild bring I'topi.'i now set their hearts 
more upon the wages of labor, the nature of ca])ilal. good country 



OK THE LNIVEKSl IV Ol \1K(.IM.\. 47 

roads, the oiiricliiiit.'iit dI" rural Iil\-, tlu- villas^e- lilirary, the roim-ly 
schoolhousc, the iiniinpcdcd patli to some such spot as tlii>. 

Tlicro is still the repuhlie to he served, veiierahle nuw . fur all its 
hrillianev, and literally made over in outward t'orm. in spiritual pur- 
l)<)se. and in industrial cajjacity since 1X30. Who >hall leaven this 
tunudl (if peoples with soherncss and simplicity and Americanism? 
What is Americanism coming to signify spiritually to the world? 
Shall it he alone ])ride of power, ])assion for achievenu'nt genius ''or 
self-indulgence, mad waste ni energy, as in the ant hill, or shall it 
mean steadfast justice, respect for law, sol)er discijiline. resjionsilile 
citizenship, and moral sturdincss ? 

This University is just one of the circle of American institutions, 
seeking to guarantee the right answer to these large questions of 
human welfare. A sectional, like a sectarian university, is unthink- 
able, and we are spiritual neighbor to Harvard and Columbia, to 
Michigan and Texas, to Oxford and Cambridge. As a brief answer 
to the vital question. What sort of men have you made? 1 may reply, 
forty-seven ])er cent, of our students have come to us from thirty-nine 
States other than X'irginia; five hundred of our alumni have preached 
the gospel ihroughout the world; four hundred and eleven have occu- 
pied chairs in one hundred and fifty-one universities and colleges in 
thirty-three States and four foreigTi countries, — fifty-seven of these 
being elected in seventeen .Xorthern and W^estern States. Our .sons 
have governed twelve States, and administered supreme justice in 
seventeen States; one hundred and twelve of them have enacted laws 
in the Federal Congress; and in law. medicine, business, and engineer- 
ing a host of them are serving men about the world. 

Tt is too clear to call for proof, however, that the chief allegiance 
of this University is to X'irginia and to its natur.il contributing terri- 
tory. Its elementary duties are to furnish a liberal education sub- 
stantialh- free to the vouth of X'irginia. and to care for \irginia and 
the South in their growing life, in educational, cultural, economic 
directions. If there be a question touching life on the farm, or in the 
factory, in institutional development, in the public schools, in manu- 
facturing or nuinicipal ])rol)lems, .some intelligent answer should issue 
from the University. If this Union .symbolizes the effort of freemen 
to combine freedom and justice with wealth and power, the most 
impressive phase of this effort is the proud, self-reliant re-entrance of 
the South, after i.solation and submersion, into the work of the niotlern 
world, without loss of ancient lovablencss. anrl with access of modern 
vigor and mobility. This is still a land of romanticism and |)er.sonality. 
of conservatism and reverence, of loyalty and cai)acity for devotion, 
but it is as well a land of comnnmity. jirogress. and social sympathy. 



4^ IXSTAI.LATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

perceiving- the necessity and dignity of indnstrial efficiency, and realiz- 
ing and mastering the economic forces of society. It has. indeed, 
liegnn an economic movement, destined to revolntionize its life. Dis- 
ciplined and homogeneous, our educable youth are reaching up into 
life, through sacrifice. They are no better than other American youth, 
but God has been good to them, because He has let their young eyes 
see life as duty and opportunity and not as pleasure, and the republic 
needs their tempered strength and their (piality of soul and their scorn 
of dishonor. Nowhere in the world are there more difficult and dan- 
gerous domestic problems. Nowhere in the world do both nature and 
man ask so plainly for the trained hand, the trained mind and the 
trained will. Everywhere there is wealth to be won and institutions 
to be molded and ideals to be maintained, and a giant task accomplished 
of relating in democratic life a master race and freed race on the basis 
of justice, but conformable to the solemn obligations of racial growth 
and of an unimpaired civilization. 

Humanism produced the man of culture, and his peril was self- 
sufficiency and a conception of culture as ornament. Applied science 
and the imperious demands of commerce have produced the man of 
efficiency, and his peril is personal barrenness and instinctive greed. 
Our country needs the idealism of the one and the lordship over things 
of the other, and such a blend will be the great citizen whose advent 
an industrial democracy has so long foreshadowed. The kind of work 
he shall do in the world is immaterial. He shall l)e an upward-striving 
man who wants the truth and dares to utter it, who knows his own 
need and the need of his age, who counts adaptability and toleration 
among his virtues; who insists on a little leisure for his soul's sake, 
and who has a care whether amid the warfare of trade, or in the quiet 
and still air of study, for the building of things ever better and better 
al)Out him. Fashioned by the sweep of genius tin-ough exjierience, 
great citizens may come who have never seen a university, but univer- 
sities are the organized efforts of monarchies and democracies to jiro- 
duce such types, and our duty is to perfect the organism and to work 
and ho])e. 

The last (juarter of the ceiUury has witnessed the organization of 
the American university, and the jjartial realization of its tinal form. 
The next quarter of a centurv will set' some universities with the 
income of enq)ires. and a i)ower u])()u wliieh cities and .''itates will lean 
heavily for guidance. This new education.al form will conqirise : 

(i) The College of Liberal Arts— the :u-adeniic heart -which has 
assimulated scientific studies and thereb\- put itself in touch with the 
meaning of the age. Its function will be to receive iinniatnrt' youth 
in an atmo.sphere of i)roa(l and varied associations, in contact with 



OK rut: LMVEKSITY UK VIkClMA. 49 

wise and nolilc lives, and to oiler iIkiu siu-li exp.-rii'nce in i-Mikinj,' 
manhood and capacity, and sucli knowlcdf^c of man. nature and spirit. 
lliat tliey shall gain power to enter into life with character, enthusiasm 
and conviction. The colle.^e is a social institution, enlightenin;.,' and 
guidingf youth, that it ina\ make men of them. 

(J) The ("iraduate School — the academic hrain — chargetl with the 
function of training mature and liberally educated men to investigation 
and scientitic i)roductivoness. Here shall he gained that patience aiul 
energy, that o])en-mindedness and sure thinking, that intellectual sin- 
cerity, that have l)elonged to all the i):ilhlin(lers from .\ristotle to 
Pasteur, ;uul must lielong to him wlio would hro.idrn the wavs .-md en- 
large the boundaries of thought. ihe advance of civilization will 
rest on the strength of this school and through its work alone can a 
university hope to become a school of power, binding other colleges to 
it in loyalty, and not only responsive to tradition, but to new truth 
daily apjiearing in the life of man. Here the (piiet scholar may search 
out tile irulli and hold it aloft for men to see. 

(3) The I'rofessional Schools — the heart and brain at work on 
life — as varied in number and scope as society is complex, seeking to 
provide the world with the best skill needful for its growth, and so 
justly related to the whole that we shall escape the peril of the illiberal 
and uneducated specialist. 

AH this shall be placed in a setting of a little world of libr.aries, 
laboratories, loan funds, fellowships, mechanism and beauty, and the 
whole vitalized and spiritualized by men in such force that their spirits 
shall not break and their hopes shall not die. We do not need many 
such universities but we need them strong and in the right ])laces. The 
multiplication of weakness by weakness yields weakness still. The 
South needs them to ])rotect its real reconstructive era from the 
dangers of empiricism industrial dependence, and the perils that beset 
character in all democracies. \'irginia needs such an university to 
guarantee that educational leadership to which it has owed its great- 
ness for two generations, and to light its ]);itli to that ])oint of useful- 
ness and power which General Lee .saw in the dark days, when he said 
simi)ly: " Let us work to make \'irginia great again." 

The building of such a national university of modern type in the 
South is the great opportunity to benefit the republic, now offered to 
the wisdom of States and the imagination of far-seeing men. There 
is a pre-supposition of vast power in such institutions, .\merica spends 
thirty millions a year in maintaining them. Many millions a year are 
given for their expansion. The States of the Xorlhwest Territory, 
much of which was formerly \'irginia, exi)end six millions yearly, and 
upon less than four or five hundred thousand a year one can not be 



50 INSTALLATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

maintained. ^loney alone can not make such an university, but vast 
power is necessary, and though it bear the image and superscription 
of Caesar, there is an alchemy of consecration in our laboratories 
which can transmute money into moral force. Mere individual genius, 
even of Plato, or x\belard,or Arnold, or Hopkins, can not make such an 
university, though God pity it if it have not such quality of soul some- 
where in its life. Prestige will not suffice, for prestige may be another 
term for epitaph, if isolated from continuing power to serve a widen- 
ing field. 

Holding fast to all of good that we have, let us discern four new 
paths of service for the University of \'irginia. First, of English speak- 
ing statesmen, ]\Ir. Jefferson perceived the meaning of education as an 
influence upon national as distinct from individual development, and for 
forty years his mind played constantly around three lines of institu- 
tional reform in \'irginia — elementary instruction for every child, in 
order to guarantee citizenship, to elevate economic desire, and to in- 
crease industrial capacity ; secondary education, or more education for 
those fit for it ; university education, or training for leadership. 

The largest social task of this university, co-operating with all 
educational forces, is to strive for the accomplishment of these unreal- 
ized ideals. Not only in Virginia, but throughout the South there is 
enthusiasm, growth under difficulties, splendid determination and prog- 
ress, and individual excellence ; but our educational systems are unor- 
ganized and bear somewhat the relation to what they will finally 
become that the old volunteer fire companies bear to the organized fire 
department. Their proper co-ordination will come as a result of com- 
munity effort and a conception of educational unity. Education is one 
compact interest of society, and no one part can be profitably studied 
alone, as no individual can be studied isolated from his fellows. His 
cadaver may be valuable for such purposes, but not his personality. 
I know of no more fruitful field of inquiry than that which has to do 
with the relation of part to part in our systems of education, and of the 
intrinsic relation of the whole to state and church. The I'niversity of 
Virginia is essentiallv not this i)articular Citv of Light but a composite 
institution, including everv scIk^oI house, academy, dennminational 
college, State school — tied together in a union of sympathy and lu'I|)l"nl- 
ness, and it somehow must become this or confess faihn-i\ 

The adoption of the mill tax idea as a method of raising revemie 
to insure unified and sta])le educational growth is the contribution of 
the Mississi])pi \'alley. It is the result of the teachings oi JetTerson 
and the commf)n sense of ])ioneers and ."^lale ])uilders. I conunend it 
to our law-makers for their thoughtful investigation, for nowhere have 
tlie dreams of Washington and the hopes of Jefferson a|i])roached so 
nearl\- to realization as in tliis alert and unhindered territor\-. 



OK THE INIVKUSITY UK \IK(iI N I A. 5I 

\\ c >lii>ultl cluiisli llu- linpi.- that tlu- linu- will (.•(Hiic wlicii the 
liighcr iiistiiiuit)ii> i>i the Stale will hi- uiiili-d in uri^aiiic union, since 
local pride and cntluisiasni lia\ c iknicd u^ iihysical unity. Nor sliouid 
the reciprocal obligations he lorgoiien llial exist between the Stale antl 
the private and denominational colleges, chartered by the State, pro- 
tected by its laws, educating one-third of its youth. We should wel- 
come the establishment here of halls and dormitories controlled by 
them, availing themselves of the oiiporiunities of the University, and 
if this he inii)raclicahle. we slmuld at least strive without ceasing to 
banish from our life any semblance of intercollegiate hostility. I,et 
co-operation supplant rivalry in the service of nien. This jirobleni of 
unification is as difficult as it is inviting. The university that solves 
the problem holds the fiUiire. The fu-st forward stej) would be the 
establishment here of a school of Education of such power that its 
teachers could approach this and other problems of educational states- 
manship with insight and authority. This school should coni])rise not 
only tlie philosopher. Init the sociologist, the organizer and the sym- 
pathetic publicist. 

Our distinctive contribution to American life has been political 
leadership. A necessary condition for the holding of this position 
would he the development here of a great school complementary to 
law. embracing the studies classified under political economy, political 
science, sociology and history. These are no longer subordinate 
studies. They are the studies that enable the mind to reach results, 
not so much through obstructive criticism as through ])rogressive 
understanding of the soul of the time in which it lives, and through 
insight into conditions unfamiliar to daily experience. Men tr.iined 
in such studies get the enlightenment upon which wise .social action 
must be based, and in them lies the hope of advance in .society. 

For some decades the intensest expression of our power is to be 
along industrial and scientific directions. The application of the 
sciences to the enrichment of lite in engineering, in agriculture, in 
business, in manufacturing, is not only a movement inevitable to the 
national development, but is also a vitalization and emanci])ation of the 
liberal studies. In the jjast five years the growth of engineering 
students over those enrolled in the courses in letters and languages 
has been one hundred per cent. This does not mean materialism, but 
is simply an expression of economic need. Modern comi)etitive living 
needs the trained man. not alone in law anrl medicine, but in engi- 
neering and in the great arts of production and exchange. It is the 
duty of society to master the means for the production of wealth as a 
form of independence of the world's forces, and after that to oppose 
moral purpose and enlightened conscience to the suggestions oi greed 
and the seeking of fortune for fortune's sake. 



52 INSTAIJ.ATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

Universities that have a clear tradition are rare and fortunate. 
Our clearest tradition is the tradition of culture and fellowship with 
beauty and poetic understanding. It is not a tradition to lose in a 
world where business is king. It is a morning spirit nf)t yet nuniljed 
bv sordid or cynical impulses — still lit with spiritual charm and lifted 
above enervation and self seeking — a stubborn negation of Words- 
worth's fear : 

'■ The world is too much with us, soon and late, 
Getting and spending, we lay waste our power." 

I would give this tradition added richness by putting it to work 
through the establishment here of a nobly planned school of luiglish 
Writing. In such an air as this, rich in life and hope and ample 
manhood, there is room for a school which w(<uld l)ring men together 
more in the spirit of practical artists than of critics or analysts ; a 
school of scholars and masters, working together like good craftsmen, 
learning from each other ; competing with each other, producing, offer- 
ing their products to the thought of the world, and giving the training 
which men of creative instinct get by working together under the 
sharp spur of life and the just pride of accomplishment. The power 
to use one's language clearly and persuasively is a practical gain, 
alone worth the time spent in college. The power to use it as an expres- 
sion of life and emotion is the power to enter through understanding 
into that realm of feeling and faith where dwell love and liberty and 
the unseen ideals that move the race more than law or logic. Why 
should not a university provide for productive work in literature on 
the same ample jjlan and scope with which it ]M-ovides for scientific 
investigation and publication? Will not citizenship in the realm of 
letters come soonest to him who seeks to make than to him who seeks 
to dissect the body of literature; to him who emphasizes the movement 
of spirit a])ove the phenomena of language? 

Whether the I'niversity of X'irginia shall realize its great destiny 
rests upon the decision of the connnonweallh of \'irginia, whose civic 
life it has energized and ennobled; ui)on the will of its alumni whom 
it has invested with cultured manhood; and ujion American citizen- 
ship, whose ])ublic s])irit it c-mbodies. 1 ba\e emphasized everywhere 
the idea of service due from the fnixersity to the State and 1 shall con- 
tiiuie this emphasis, for 1 should sin against the mighty dead if 1 did 

^t^aight forward message of 
diall be the I'niversity for 
inia. ( Ireal .States care for 
be a mark of greatness in 



not 1 


Itring t( 


) t 


hese 


1) 


ra\e y( 


)nng 




■n : 


socia 


.1 duty. 




In lU 


•n 


II ill's 


phra^ 


<e. 


thi: 


\-irg 


inia as 


\\i 


■11 as 


tl 


le L'niversity 


r. 


f \'\ 


their 


univer 


■sit 


ies. 1 


)e 


lie\ing 


such 


ca 


re t 



OK TIIK INniCKSITV ol" XIKCIMA. 53 

States. 1 believe tluit lliis Slate, whieli lia> always known liow to aet 
broadly, will make it an axiom of its let^isjative life to cherish aii<l 
strengthen its chiefest institution in i)roiMinion to income and pros- 
perity. 'Hie I'liiversity calls to her sons with the confidence of a 
niotlur for their constructive iielp. and they will heed iicr call as they 
have iieeded every call of tdial love and jiublic diUy. She offers to men 
of seiuinieiu and foresi<4ln throiiobout the republic the privilege and 
opportunity of an incomparable service. .\n additional annual incr)me 
of $100,000 could be wisely used here. We need men here, first and 
foremost — great scholars and teachers to reinforce our overburdened 
corps — and books, and instruments, and buildings. an<l then more men. 

It would be a dull and senseless s])irit that did not feel the sacred 
meaning of this hour, with its unspoken suggestion of human living 
and human dving. of patient striving and of dauntless hope. There 
is no despair in such a ta.sk. There is simply gratitude to ( iod for 
opportunity and prayer to ( ".od for strength. I believe in the essential 
idealism of the republic, in its dependence upon knowledge and train- 
ing, in a deep and heroic simplicity which lies at its heart, safe-guard- 
ing it forever from the tyranny of mob or plutocrat. Set here so 
faithfullv for everlasting service, this University seeks its share of 
the nation's growth and its portion of the nation's burden. Like the 
University of Berlin, it belongs to the short list of institutions whicii 
have scattered the despair and lightened the sorrows of a great people 
in a time of national trial. Shall it not, like the University of Leyden. 
range itself also in the justice of God, among the great schools of 
national rejoicing, working at the ta.sks and solving the problems of 
an era welded into unity by common sacrifice and thrilling with the 
prophecy of boundless growth and triumphant peace? 

To the absent ones whose thoughts turn hitherward to-day, for 
love of abiHi )iiatcr and belief in her ideals. 1 send the message of her 
unbroken loyalty to the faith that the scholar shouM be a patriot and 
the patriot a scholar, and that .scholarly patriotism, exalting country 
above self, rich in social knowledge and .sym])athy. unafraid of diOi- 
cultv and unashamed of sentiment, is the noblest offering universities 
can make tf)ward the integrity and majesty of republican citizenship. 

Benediction. —The Kev. Samuel ( '. Mitchell. I'h D.. Rich- 
mond, \'a. 

AT .\i<;irr 

The .students assend)led at S:i5 ou West Range, and. receiving 
torches, moved in procession promptly at 8:25 in the same class «»rder 
as in the academic procession in the afternoon, and under the same 
marshals. The scene on the lawn was brilliant, .\fter the evolu- 



54 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

tions there, tlie people gathered on the north side of the rotunda 
where fireworks afforded a dazzling spectacle. 

A 1)anquet in the rotunda concluded the festivities. Nearly six 
hundred guests were seated at tables, arranged in concentric circles 
on the floor of the library, and at scores of others placed in the alcoves 
and galleries. The toastmaster was James Pinckney Harrison of 
Danville, \'a., \'ice-President of the General Alumni Association. 
Sentiments were responded to Iw Senator John W. Daniel, of A'ir- 
ginia; the Hon. Henry T. Kent, of Missouri: President Alderman, of 
the University of \'irginia ; Dr. Randolph H. ]\lcKim. of Washington, 
D. C. : President Angell, of the University of [Michigan; Professor 
Blewett Lee. of Northwestern University; Dr. C. Alphonso Smith, ni 
the University of North Carolina, and some others. 

[Form cf the invitatiou] 

The Jlsifors and faculty 

of the 

Uiiii'crsity of Jlr<^iiiia 

request the honor of your presence 

at the i list aUat ion of 

Eckein .-Anderson Alderman, D.C.L., LL.D. 

as the President of the rniz'crsity 

in the Public Hall 

at the rni-eersity of J'iri^inia 

on Thursday, the thirteoith of .If^ril. 1905 

at four o'clock 

CO^LMITTEE OF ARRAXGE^IEXTS. 

Board of Visitors. — Daniel Harmon, Eppa Hunion, Jr., R. 
Walton Moore. 

Factlty. — John .Staige Davis, James ^forris Page, John William 
Mallet, Richard Henry Wilson. 

Alumni.— John W. I'idil.urne, R. T. W. Duke, Jr.. Murray Af. 
McGuire. 

Music. — P)y tlie L'niversity Orchestra, isoberl l\(i^>er. Leader. 

c"()MMi'rri':i". ox ixst.m.l.mtox. 

Dr. joii.v Staiiie 1)a\is, Chairman. 

Dr. John W. Mallei, Professor Richard II. WiLon, Or. James 
Morris Page. 



OF TIIK INIVKKSITY OK VIKl.lMA. 






Dr. Tohn Staigc Davis, Chairman of the Coniniittce on Installa- 
tion, was born at the University of Virginia in 1866. His father, for 
whom he was named, was the distinguished profesor of anatomy in 
the same institution, and a great-great nephew of Thomas Jefferson. 
His mother, before her marriage, was Caroline Hill, a descendant of 
the Garlick family, of England. 

His early education was obtained in private and public .schools. 
In 1SS2 he entered the Academic Department of the University of Vir- 
ginia, but the death of his father in 1885 interrupted his course and 
obliged him to accept the position of Instructor in .\ncient Languages 
in the Universitv. A year later he resumed his course and in 1889 he 
had secured the degrees of Master of Arts and Doctor of Medicine. 
The next three vears were spent in post-graduate work at Tulane Uni- 
veritv, and in Berlin and \'ienna. In 1892 Dr. Davis settled in \cw 
Orleans as a practitioner of medicine and was appointed on the visiting 
staff of the Charity Hosi)ital of that city, as an assistant in nervous 
diseases and pathology. 

In 1893 he was called back to his ciliiui water as demonstrator of 
medical biologv and pathology: the next year he was elected adjunct- 
professor of pathology and hygiene, and in 1900 was made full profes- 
sor of i)athology and i)ractice of medicine, which jiosition he now 

holds. 

Dr. Davis is a member of the \irginia State Me.hcal .Sociely. the 
American Medical As.sociation and the American Academy of Med- 
icine. He is the author of an "Abstract of General Pathology." and 
of occasiiMial pajjers on other medical subjects. 




Robert AIaskell Patterson. 



James Francis Harrison. 




William .M\xn Tiioknton. 



James Mokuls \\\c,\- 



chairmen of the Faculty 



S25- 



903 



The lirst session of the new Lnivorsily l)cyan in April, iS_'5. Mr. 
Jefferson desired the largest possible measure of freedom to the students. 
All but two of his professors (George Tucker and John P. Knnnet ) being 
both of foreign birtii and education, and accustomed to the personal lil)erty 
of the European universities, everything was favorable for a fair lest of 
the founder's theory. 

The trial led to executive problems that i)erple.\ed the chairmen in, 
the early years, but today, by an adjustment of conditions which required 
years for its accomplishment — years often marked with serious disorder — 




IV.. VII.— 1SJ5-26, iSjS. 

TiKORdK Tr( KKR. 



ls^-'-.?.i 



the government is so satisfactory that there is no chahng under its rule by 
any student of i)roper mental and moral condition; and if there were any 

57 



58 IXSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

disposition to revive the old manifestations of discord and rebellion tlie 
public sentiment of the matriculates would afYord a sufficient corrective. 

But other cares came to harass the chairmen, responsibilities which 
increased with the expanding life of the University. Long before tlie 
regime of the chairmen ended, that officer had ceased to be a policeman 
or a judge to charge or condemn, and become a captain, — not strictly of 
industry, but of sociological forces, responsible for planning and executing 
the enterprises of a great university as it kept step with the age. Now 
that that stage of the institution's history is concluded, some notice of the 
men who guided the afTairs of the University in the way of internal 
administration from the foundation until this year may be interesting. 

The first man to exercise the authority of Chairman of the University 
of Virginia was John P. Emmet. " At a meeting of the professors of 
the University, holden at the house of Professor Key on the evening of 
the I2th of April [1825], Professor George Tucker was elected Chairman 
of the Faculty for the present year." At the same meeting of the Faculty 
— attended by Professors Long, Key, Emmet, Bonnycastle, BU-ettcrmann, 
and Dunglison — it was resolved that "owing to and during the absence 
of Professor Tucker, Professor Emmet be Chairman." 

Professor Key's residence, where this first official assemliling of the 
Faculty took place, was the third pavilion on East Lawn. 

The next meeting was at the home of Professor Dunglison. in what 
is now the residence of Professor Lile, and occurred on the following 
evening. Professor Tucker first signs the minutes of April z"/, \^2^. 

Mr. Tucker was born under the English flag, in one of the Bernuula 
Lslands, in August, 1775. At seventeen he began the study of law with 
George Bascom, but three years later lie came to Virginia and entered 
William and Mary College, and pursued his studies under the guidance of 
his uncle, St. George Tucker. George Tucker became distinguished as 
a lawyer, was elected to the Virginia Legislature, then to Congress, where 
lie remained six years, winning a high position as debater and consti- 
tutional lawyer. From Congress he came to the University of Virginia 
in 1825 as Professor of Moral Philosophy and Political Economy, and 
served until 1845. He was an industrious literary worker. The list 
of his books includes more than a di)zen vulumcs, the subjects ranging 



from novels to treatises on government an 


<1 s.iciology. 


He died in 1861. 


While at the University he resided in the 


])a\ilion at 


the south end of 


West Lawn. 






Professor Tucker was thrice Chairman • 


— in 1S25 ai 


id 1S2S by aiiiioiiit- 


ment of the l-'acully, and fnun iS,:;.' to iS,^,:; 


by (lesignat 


ioii of the \'isitors. 



.At the first meeting of the b'aculty Dr. 


Dun 


tary. When, on December 10, 1S25, the l'"ac 


ulty c 


for the next session, the young founder of 


it> a: 


nated. Fie was approaching his Iwenty-iigl 


lib bi 


at Keswick, England, January 4, 17()X, and h 


ad re 



1 was chosen Secre- 
to select a Chairman 
il School was desig- 
y, having been born 
d his medical etluca- 



OF riiK iM\ i:k.- 



>l \II<(.I.NI\. 



59 



tioii in London ;in<l ;it Mrlani^on. lie cann.' to tin.- L'nivi-r-iiy of N'irninia 
in iSj4, crossini; llu' ocean in " Tlu- Coni|><-'tit<)r " will) Honnycasllc and 
Key. The voyayo. in what rmfcssor Lonj^ afterward descrilicd as "an 
old log." reqnireil four months, six weeks of which were spent heatint; 
about the Enj^lish Channel. Dungli.soi, soon took a liiRh rank as teaclu-r 
and writer, and was Mr. JetTcrson's favorite physician. In \Xx^ he went 
to the I'niversity of Maryland as I'rofes-or of Therapentics, and later to 




II., v.— iSjO, i8jS-jo. 

ROBLEY DfNC.LISON. 



Jefferson Medical College. I'hiladelphia. to take the Chair of the Institutes 
of Medicine. He died .\pril i, iHixj. Dr. Dunglison was Chairman of 
the Faculty for i.Sj6 and from 1828 to 1830. and lived in the pavilion at 
the foot of East Lawn. Me held his second term through election l>y the 
Visitor.s, and enjoyed, the distinction of heing the tirst Chairman designated 
by them. 



III.— 1SJ7-2S. 

IN T.WLOE LoM.W. 



Tile third Chairman appointed by the I"actilty was John Tayloc Lomax, 



60 INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 

who came to tlie L'ni\crsily from I'Vcdcricksljurg, wliere he had established 
himself for the practice of law, after graduation from St. John's College, 
Maryland. He soon became a familiar and striking figure in Williamsburg 
and Richmond, whither he went frequently to attend court, and where 
he came into contact with Mr. Wirt, who induced Mr. Jefferson to appoint 
him Professor of Law in the University. He thus became the founder of 
that department. As a lecturer he was graceful and careful of his style, 
which inclined to rhetorical elegance. The Faculty minutes bear testi- 
mony to disagreements between the students and other professors, but 
give none of lack of harmony with the Professor of Law. Among those 
who studied under him were R. 'SI. T. Hunter, .\lexander H. H. Stuart, 
and Robert Toombs. 

In 1830 Professor Lomax, who, while at the University, resided in 
the second pavilion on West Lawn, resigned his chair to accept the judge- 
ship of the Fredericksburg circuit. He also conducted a private law school, 
in which he taught such men as Judge W. S. Barton, Judge Robert ]\Ion- 
tague, and General Dabney H. Maury. Judge Lomax died October i, 1862. 

A grandson describes him as of full stature, well proportioned, digni- 
fied, and of imposing presence, but of manners so simple, cordial, and 
affable, and with a face so benign in its expression, as to attract all with 
whom he came in contact. 

VI.— 1830-32. 
Robert ^Lxskell Patterson. 

Dr. Robert 'SI. Patterson had achieved scholarly distinction before his 
selection as a professor in this University. He had pursued academical 
and medical studies in the University of Pennsylvania until crowned with 
the Master's degree and the degree of Doctor of Medicine, after which he 
went to Europe, and was two years under Haiiy, Thenard, and Gay Lussac 
in Paris, and in London he heard the last course of lectures delivered by 
Davy. For a time he was Consul-Ck'neral at Paris, much to Xapoleon's 
disgust at the name of Patterson, which was that of Jerome's .American 
wife. On his way home on the Constitution ("Old Ironsides"), as the 
bearer of important dispatches, he heard for the lirst lime of the declaration 
of the War of 1812. 

In 1813 he was appointed a professor in the University of Pennsylvania, 
and fifteen years later he came to the University of Virginia as Professor 
of Natural Philosophy. During his connection with this institution lie 
occupied the third pavilion on West Lawn, where he dispensed a lavish 
and graceful hospitality. 

The office of Chairman was doubtless a great burden to one of his 
gentle and kindly disposition, and he reliiKiuished it after two years, in 
1832. In 1X35 Dr. P;itlerson accei)te(l the invitation of President Jackson 
to become Director of the L'nited States Mint, lie died in Septeml)er, 
1854- 



VIKi.IMA. 



6i 



l'riito>s.)r Cliarlc-^ l!<miiyc;i>tlc was tlu- I'lftli I 
of llic cliairmaiiship. 
fstccnied by professors 

Cliarles Hoiiincastl 



rci>i' tlu- aiitliority 
■ci'iviiij^ appoinlimiit in iS.^.v Ik- was liinlily 
ml stiuicnls, l)otli for his moiital and social K^h'^- 
was horn al Woolwicli, luiyhuul, -in 1792, tlic son 



of Jolni Bonnycastlc. long a mathi'matical master at the Royal Military 
Academy, lie came over witli t>ther English professors in the " Com|)Oti- 

tor." Anecdotes have heen preserved that sliou that liis liumor and wit 




ClIAKI.KS I'.ONNYl ASM K. 

lightened the heavy moments of that long and «iie,ii> unu.i \...wikv. 
Giving his honrs to hooks to the exchision of proper exercise, his health, 
never robnst, declined rapidly, and he died at the age of forty-eight, in 
the fourth pavilion on East Lawn, and was hnried in the I'niversity ceme- 
tery. He was Chairman from 18 v^ to iSj?;. 



Within two weeks after the .students had convened to pay a trihute of 



62 



IXSTALI.ATIOX OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 



respect to Professor Bonnycastle. they were called together to take similar 
action in regard to his successor in the chairmanship. Professor John A. 
G. Davis, who was killed by a student in front of his residence, the last 
pavilion on East Lawn, on the night of November 12, 1840. Professor 
Davis, at the time of the tragedy, was serving his second term as Chairman 




IX.. XL— 18,^5-37, 18,^9-40. 
John A. G. D.wis. 

(1839- '40), his first having begun in 1835 and ended two years later. The 
students resolved to \icw " the author of the outrageous crime only in the 
light of a base assassin." 

Mr. Davis took up his residence in Charbittesville in 1824. at the age 
of twenty-two. In association with Nicholas ?>. Trist and Thomas Walker 
Gilmer he edited The I'irginia Advocate, and upheld the political philosophy 
of ]\[adison and Jefiferson. At the age of twenty-eight, but looking younger, 
he succeeded Professor Lomax in the School of Law. His son. Dr. John 
Staige Davis, and his grandson. Dr. John Staige Davis, Jr., have followed 
him in the Faculty, and thus from 1830 to the present, witli two brief 
intervals, this family has shared with conspicuous ability and di>linclion 
in the achievements of the L"niversitv. 



Dr. Harrison was made Chairman i 
first incumbency. 

He was born at I larrisonburg in 



1837. 



ng Professor l^avis 
1 of Dr. Peachv 1 



II?; LNIVKkSI IV (IK \IK(.!M.\. 



63 



ll;irri-,m. and u;i> disiimd t.> h\- fjillu-r's prMiVsNimi. I'n-parr.l for college 
at private sclumls ami l)y tiitiir>, he i-iitiTi-d tlu- L'iiivi-r>ily in lSj3, and 
k'll inidor tlio spoil of the elegant .■nd scholarly (ieornc Long and " tlic 
remarkalile liniruist," Dr. Hla-ttennann. in llie course of time, proliiiuK 
hy the scholarship and aided l>y the judgment and frientlship of Mr. Long, 
the student became a professor, succeeding in the Chair of Latin and (ireek 
"that most amiable man of line understanding," Professor Long himself. 
A few years later the Professor added to his pedagogical labors the admiii- 




x., .\ii., .wii.— iS.^j-.vj. 1X^0-4.'. 1S47-54. 
Ge.-^snkk 1 I,\kki.so.\. 

istrative details of the Chairman's office. Mis first term (iSi7-'.19) fol- 
lowed Profes.sor Davis's first occupancy of the chair, and when that ini for- 
tunate man was assassinated, something in the character oi the young 
Virginian led the Board of Visitors to call him for the second time to this 
responsible post ( iS40-'42). lie died in XeNon County on the "th of April, 
1862. 



Henry St. George Tucker was a xoii <<i St. ( leorge Tucker, a half- 
brother of John Randolph of Koanoke, and a cousin of George Tucker. 



64 



INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 



the first Chairman of the I'^aculty. He was liberally educated under tlie 
supervision of his father, a professor in William and Alary, and had for 
fellow-students Joseph C. Cabell and Chapman Johnson. He studied law 
under his father. Beginning his profession in Winchester, he soon built 
up a large practice, some of which was in connection with the estate of 
Lord Fairfax, of Greenway Court. While still under thirty-five, Mr. 
Tucker was elected to Congress, where he was the colleague of Clay, 
Webster, Calhoun, Randolph, Barbour, Tyler, Pinckney, and others who 
filled ■■ those spacious times, '" and upon the reorganization of the Virginia 
Court of Appeals ( 1S31 ) he was made President of the Court. He vir- 




.xiii. — 1842-45. 
Henry St. Geokck Titkek. 



tually declined aiipoinluK-nl by I'rcvidrnt Jacks, ,n i,, the .\ttorncy-( icneral- 
ship of the Tnited .Stales, and continued on the bench until 1S41, wlien he 
resigned to accept the Professorship of i.aw in the l'niver>ily of \'irginia. 
In 1842 he was a])i)oinled Chairm.an, succeeding Dr. llarri>on in that office, 
and signalized his occn])ancy b}' est;d)lisliing the honor system in examina- 
tions, which has ])revailed here ever since as a great t'orce in the moral life 
of the institution, i'rofessor Tucker had been a member of the b'aculty 
but a yvAV wlu'u this a])pointment dt'VoKed upon him the duties of the 



OK TllK IMXKKSITV (»l \ IKi.lMA. O5 

exL-cutivf orticc, uliioli Ik- (liNchaiKt-d until Ik- was succeeded l)y I'rcjfcssor 
Coiirtciiay. 

He retired from liis cliair in 1S45 (ui account ..f ill-lK-alth. wliicli 
began with a sligiit attack of paralysis soon after iiis arrival at the Uni- 
versity, aiul died in Winchester in 1S4.S, He was father of the late distin- 
guisheii lawyer. John Randolph 'l"iK-ker, of Lexington In.k'i- i ii.-ki-r Imd 
in the pavilion at the >outIi end of l-jist Lawn. 

XIV.— 1S44-45. 

WlI.LIA.M H.\kTo.\ RiM.HK.S. 

William Barton Rogers came to the University in i.S?5, as tlie successor 
of Dr. Patterson in the Chair of Natural Philosophy, and had lieen liere 
nine years before lie w.is made Chairman of the L\iculty. lie held the 
vexatious office but one year. — one of the most turbulent in the history of 
the institution. Soon after his appointment to the University he was put 
in charge of the Virginia Geological Survey, for which the Legislature had 
made provision the preceding March. In this field, it is I)elieved, he won 
his earliest laurels, if not his greatest distinction in the world of science. 
Resigning his professorship in 1853. Mr. Rogers went to Boston, and in 
time founded the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He died in the 
public hall of that institution whilst addressing the graduating class of 
1882. 

Whilst a professor at the University of Virginia he resided in Pavilion 
VI. tile third house on East Lawn. 

XV.— 1845-46. 
Edward Henry CofRTENAV. 

Professor Courtenay succeeded Professor Rogers in the chairmansliip. 
Like him, he served but one year, and was, no doubt, glad to be relieved 
of the care and toil incident to the office. 

^Ir. Courtenay was graduated first in his class at West Point at the 
age of eighteen, when he was appointed to the Engineering Corps, and then 
made Assistant Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at the 
Academy. At the age of twenty-six he was advanced to full professor. 
Thence he went to the L'niversity of Pennsylvania as Professor of Mathe- 
matics. Two years later he was a division engineer of the Eric Railroad, 
in charge of construction of F'ort Independence, Boston harbor, the Brook- 
lyn Navy Yard drydock, and other important works. 

Mr. Courtenay came to the University in 1842, at the age of thirty-nine, 
and died here in the fall of 1853 in Pavilion i, the first on West Lawn. 



Dr. Cabell was born in Nelson County, Virginia. .Xugust 26. 1813. He 
received his academic training at this University, his medical education 
here and at the University of Maryland, and supi)Ieniented this by special 
courses in Philadelnhia and Paris. 



66 



INSTALLATION OF THE FIR^ 



In 1837 he was called from his studies in the I-'rench capital to the 
Chair of Anatomy and Surgery in the University of Virginia to succeed 
Dr. Warner. He continued to hold Chairs in the Medical Department 
here until his resignation from the Faculty in 1889. after fifty-two years of 




XVL — 1846-47. 
James Lawrence Cabell. 

service. He was Chairman of the h'aculty for one year (1846-47), his 
residence \\hil>t at the University heing Pavilion t, the first on East Lawn. 
He died .\ugusi 1.5, 1889. 



The longest continuous service as Chairman wa> that of Dr. Socrates 
Maupin. who entered upon the duties of the office in 1854 and continued 
at the post until 1870. 

Dr. Maupin was horn in 1808. ])rohahly in .Mhemarle County. \'irginia, 
and was educated at the Cnivcrsity (if X'irginia. i\ccei\ing his medical 
degree in 18,^0, he entered the .Acadennc Department, and was graduated 
a Ma.ster of .Xrts in i8,:i3. In 18.^8 he was chosen Professor of Chemistrv 



■.\i\ i:i;si I V 



67 



in the Mo.lical Cliche ;it Kiclnnciiid. aii.l lifni-n years laii-r caiiu- tu tlic 
same Chair al iln- Liii\ irMty ..f X'irKiiiia. I lu- full.)\viii)r year tin- orticc 
of Cliairniaii was imposed iiix.ii liim. and throiiKlumt his h.iiK iiictiiiil)ency 
ho showed iniuli ^kill in inaiiitaiiiiiiK discipline 




will.— iN;4-7(i. 

Six KATES MaII'IN. 

Dr. Maiipin was killed in Lynchhiirj!:, October 10. 1S71, as a result of 
leaping from an ambnlance wlu)se horses had become nnmanaKt'ahlc. His 

residence at the I'niversitv was Pavilion S. on r-!ast Lawn. 



Colonel Venable was Cliairman lirst from 1S70 to iS;.?. and then from 
1886 to 1888, — his lirst service succeeding that of Dr. Manpin. and his 
second that of Dr. James V. Harrison. None of his predecessors had 
commanded more respect, and perhaps to none of tiu-m had been awarded 
so large a measure of the affection of the students. He was born in I'rincc 
Edward County, Virginia. April ly, iSj". and eilucated at Hampden-Sidney 
College (which his grandfather had founded), the University of Virginia, 
and at Berlin: and tilled chairs in Hampdcn-Sidney, the I'niversity of 
Georgia, and the I'niversity of South Carolina, prior to the war He came 



68 



INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 



to ihc University of Virginia as a professor from the campaigns of Robert 
E. Lee. whose aide-de-camp Itc was, and his active service in the Chair of 




XLX. — 1870-73, 1886-88. 

Charles Scott Venable. 

Mathematics extended from 1865 until he was made cjiicritiis in 1896. 
His residence at the ITniversity was Pavilion S, the fnurth house on East 
Law'n. He died at his home in Charl(iUes\ille. August ti. igoo. 

XX.— 1873-76. 
James Francis Harrison. 



Dr. James 1'. llarrison was the fourteenth professor to exercise the 
office of Chairman, lie was a native of h'airfax County. \'irginia, and 
of English and Irish ance-try. Ili> fathvr. Rev. Timothy J. Harrison, was 
a chaplain in the I'niled States Xavy hy api)ointm(.-nt ( )ctol)cr 2. iS_>(). and 
stationed for some lime at Norfolk. The son was a])poinled apotliecarx. 
and hy private study prepared himself sufficiently to he made surgeon's 
mate. Eventually he passed the necessary examination and was commis- 
sioned an assistant surgeon in the navy, March 3, 1847. The Xav> 
Department record^ show thai hy ihe direction of the rresidcnl of the 



OK lilt: INIVKKMIV ol- VIKi.IMA. 6*) 

I'nilcd Slater, I )r I larri^mrs ii;iiik' was ilmppcd I'nmi tin.- list (if orticcrs 
of that arm of llu- scrvicf on Juiii- 15. iSt)i, in accordance with liis rcsiK- 
nation of that date. I-'or tlircc years lie was surgeon in tlie Confederate 
States Xavy. and served as chief of the Medical I'.urean of that deparlinent 
and as a menil)er of the Naval Examining Hoard. 

Dr. Harrison was stationc<l at Norfolk. \'a.. dnring the terrihle epi- 
demic that scourged that city in 1853, and rendered services .so valuahlc 
and distinguished that they were recognized hy the Ciovernmenl of I-rance 
in the i)csto\val of a gold medal, and hy the Corporation of {'..rtsinoulh hy 
a like mark of recognition and esteem. In the so-called " Paraguay War ' 
he was with Admiral Shuhrick. who was dispatched to South .Xmerica to 
demand of the government apology and indemnity fr)r tiring on an Amer- 
ican vessel, hoth of which were rendered. 

Dr. Harrison was elected Professor of Medicine and Medical Juris- 
prudence in 1867. and hecame Chairman of the University in 1873. In 
1886 he severed his connection with the University, where his residence 
had been the second Pavilion on West Lawn, and resided in I'rince l-'dward 
County, where he died January 17. 1894. He was buried at the United 
States Naval Hospital cemetery. Norfolk. Va. 

xxii.— 1888-cX). 
\\'iii.i-\M MvNX Thornton. 

William Mynn Thornton, son of Colonel John T. Thornton, of Cum- 
berland County. Virginia, was born Octolier j8. 1S51. Graduated from 
Hampden-Sidney College with the degree of Bachelor of .-\rts at the age 
of seventeen, he entered the University of Virginia as a student in special 
engineering courses. I-Vom 1874 to 1875 he was Professor of Greek in 
Davidson College. North Carolina. In the latter year he was elected 
Adjunct Professor of .Applied Mathematics and Civil Kngineering in the 
University of Virginia, and seven years later, Professor of Applied Mathe- 
matics. For some years he has been Dean of the Department of Engi- 
neering. 

Professor Thornton has delivered many occasional addresses, all of 
them strikingly conceived and bearing the stamp of a style at once strong 
and stately. His brochure on Charles Scott Venable. his predecessor as 
Chairman, will survive as a classic in its field. In 1900 Professor Thornton 
was appointed United States Commissioner to the I'aris Expositi<jn. 

Professor Thf)rnton was Vice-Chairman imder Cohmel Venable for 
two years (1886-8). and succeeded his chief, whom he greatly revered, in 
1888. continuing in office luitil l8(/). His residence is on Monroe Mill, so 
named from the fact that President Monn.i's ..Id law olVice is on the 
premises. 



Dr. Paul B. Barringer was born in Concord. N. C, February 13. 1837. 
the son of General Rufus and Eugenia ( Morrison) Barringer. He received 



70 



ATIOX OF THE FIRST 



his education at tlie ]^)iiig"liam Scliool, in liis native State; at the Kenmore 
School, in X'lrginia, and at the Universit.v of Virginia, consecutively. He 
entered as a student in the Medical Department at the University of Vir- 
ginia, following the early l)ent of his mind in the direction of this science. 
and was graduated here in 1877. He then entered tlie University of the 
City of New York, where he was graduated in 1878, heing thus equipped 
for the practice of medicine as soon as he became of age. After three years 
of successful practice in Dallas. N. C, Dr. Rarringer went ahroad, antl 




\xiii. — i8y6-roo,^ 

r.\ri. I'>R.\N1K>N r>.\KUIX(;KI<. 



passed a year in the scientific centres of luu-ope, studying with specialists of 
distinclion. On hi^ return, in 1884, he connected himself with Davidson 
College, Norlh Carolina, continuing four years with that institution and 
in general pr.iriice. and in working upon his specialties, among which are 
diseases of the eye. In 18S8 he was elected to the Chair of Physiology and 
Materia AU'cJira in the L'niversity of Virginia. 

In 18./. he was called to the oilice of Chairman of the I'acuHy, and 
during tlu' se\en years of his incuml)ency perlMrmed \a1uahK' service for 
the institution. 



OK THE IM\KI<SITY oK \ ll<(il\l.\. Jl 

111 the nu'ilical and scionlilic or.naiiizatioiis cf ilic State lie liolds a 
proniinent place, whilst his ahilities and dev(jtii)ii to his profession arc 
conceded wherever he is known, and his reputation is well and widely 
estahlished. To tlie literature of his jirofe^sion Dr. P.arrin^Jer ha> coiitrih- 
nted many valuaMe nionoyraplis. 

wiv. — i<>o.<-04. 

'riiF. Last Cil.\n<.\i.\N ok tiik 1- aiit.tv. 

Dk. Ja.mks Mokkis Pack. 

Dr. James Morris Page, the last Chairniaii of the I'aciilty of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, was horn on the 4lh of March, 1X64. in .Mhemarle 
County. Virginia. His father was the late Thomas Walker Page, and his 
mother, before her marriage, was Miss Nancy Watson Morris, of Louisa 
County, Virginia. On his father's side he is descended from the well- 
known Page family, of \irginia. the first member of which. Colonel John 
Page, settled in the colony in 1650. and was a member of Mis ^^^iesty's 
Council. 

Dr. Page's early education was obtained from his father, who was a 
graduate of the University of Virginia, and from a day school which he 
attended for a time in Louisa County. At the age of seventeen he entered 
the Randolph-Macon College, Virginia, where he was graduated with tlie 
degree of Master of Arts, and where he carried off all the prizes offered 
in the Academic Department, and was appointed Assistant to the Chair of 
Mathematics, which he filled during the last two years of his sojourn there. 
After his graduation he went to the I'niversity of Leipsic and pursued 
scientific studies, having the advantage of personal intercourse and friend- 
ship with such men as Lie, Klein, Engel, and others. While studying 
under Lie, the great geometer whose discoveries arc well known to scien- 
tific students, Dr. Page published several articles on the " Theory of Trans- 
formation Groups," which brought him the commendation of his great 
teachers. In 1887 he was graduated from tlie L'niversity of Leipsic with 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, iiuifiiia cum loudc. He then returned 
home and established a boys' school at Cobham, Va., known as the Keswick 
School. Here Dr. Page taught for seven years, and educated a numl)cr of 
clever young men, many of whom have bad successful collegiate careers 
since leaving his school. In 1895 Dr. Page returned to Rurope to complete, 
at Leipsic and Paris, his work on " Differential Kf|uations.'* which has 
appeared from the press of the Macmillans, London. I'pon his return to 
.America, in i<S96, he was made a Fellow by courtesy of Johns Hopkins 
University, and invited to deliver a course of lectures before the professors 
and graduate students of that institution. While there he was elected 
.Adjunct Professor of Pure Mathematics in the I'niversity of Virginia, and 
later promoted to the full professorship. Upon the resignation of Dr. P. 
B. Barringer he was elected Chairman of the I'aculty. and continued in 
that office until it was changed to the I'residency. 



y2. INSTALLATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT 



Virginia 



The roses nowhere bloom so white 

As in A'irginia ; 
The snnshinc nowhere seems so l)right. 

As in \'irginia ; 
The l)irds sing nowhere quite so sweet. 
And nowhere hearts so lightly beat. 
For heaven and earth lioth seem to meet, 

Down in \'irginia. 

The days are never quite so long 

As in A'irginia ; 
Nor quite so filled with hapin- song. 

As in Virginia ; 
And when my time has come to die, 
Just take me Ijack and let me lie. 
Close where the James goes rolling by, 

Down in A'irginia. 

There is nowhere a land so fair 

As old \'irg-inia : 
So full of song, so free of care. 

As old Virginia ; 
And T believe that Happy Land 
That (iod's ])re])ared for mortal man 
Is built ('xactly on the plan 

Of old \iro-inia. 



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CHARLOTTESVILLE - VA. 


UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA 


S. C. CHANCELLOR 


R. W. HOLSINGER'S 



Pharmacist and Druggist 

University ot" Virginia 

A full line of Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, 
Mineral Waters and Students' Supplies 

PHYSICIANS' PRESCRIPTIONS 

Carefully Compounded 



University Studio 

High class Photographs, 

Kodaks and Supplies 

University Views, colored and uncolored 

Photographs of the Banquet scene 
April 13, 1905, 5i.oo each 

719-721 W. Main St., CharlottsviUe, Va 



Vir^j-'mia Rcd/tv lUid J/isuriuicc (Jo. 

o 

A. I'. BIBB, .MANA..KK 

Incorporated uiiiicr tlic laws ot' X'irginia 

Ojficf, Ouir/ottrsvi/Ic, I'.i. 



Will sell 


or rent 


your 


property 


at t 


he 


University 


of 


Virginia 


, in 


the Cit 


■ of 


Ch 


irlottesville 


or 


anywhere 


in 


the Pied 


mont section 


of\ 


irgi 


nia. 


Will 


in 


sure vour 1 


fc. 


stock an 


d property. 

















J. G. Walker, I'rr.iJn.t 
T. Wm. Pkmbkrton. /sr /i.e-Pra. W. L. T. Roi.krson, .V,. 

ORGAMZKI) 1871 

T/ie L//e hisiira7icc Cof?ipiui\ ofTci, 

Home Office, Ricbmo'iJ, /'./. 

The PIONEER Southern Industrial Life Insurance Company 
The OLDEST Southern Life Insurance Company 

The LARGEST Southern Life Insurance Company 

The most approved forms of Life, Endowment and Industrial Policies 
Issued on Favorable Terms 

Assets over - - Sz, 000,000. 00 

Insurance in force over - - 545,000,000.00 

P.iyments to Policyholders since 

organi/alion over - 56, 000, 000. 00 

H. W. ELL1.RSON, General Agent, 

Ordin.iry Life Dep.irtmrnt 

RkhMOND, VltGINIA 



Ctt^ Jlanlt of latcJjmonti, l^a. 

CAPITAL AND SURPLUS . $500,000.00 

Interest allowed on deposits in Savings Department. 
William H. Palmer, Pres. E. B. Addison, \'ice-Pres. J. \V. Sinton, Cashier 

DIRECTORS 
Wm. H. Palmer S. W. Travers E. B. Addison Geo. W. Anderson 

S. H. Hawes James N. Boyd A. L. Holladay 1. D. Cardozo 

Wm. Josiah Leake E. T. D. Myers B. B. Valentine 



Jefferson J^atioual iSauK 

CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA. 

Accounts Solicited. Checks Collected without Cost 

C. J. RixEv, Pres. G. B. Sinclair, \'ice-Pres. T. P. Peyton, Cashier 

C. W. Watts, Tel. H. M. Lewis, Solicitor 

SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES FOR RENT 



Ci)e JFtrst J^attonal iSauK 

OF RICHMOND, VIRGINIA 

With the largest combined Capital, Surplus and Undivided Profits ot any bank 
in Virginia, the most commodious and convenient banking house in the city, and a 
force of thirty thoroughly trained employees, offers its unsurpassed facilities to Banks, 
Merchants, Manufacturers, Corporations and Individuals ( from the smallest to the 
largest) needing the services of a strong, conservatively managed bank. 

OFFICERS 

John B. Pi-rcell, Prts. John JI. Miller, Jr., VicE-Pres and Cashier 

CHA.S. R. Burnett, .-^ss't Cashier J. C. Joi'li.n, Ass't Cashier 



^^lautcrs Jlattonal Banh 

RICHMOND, VIRGINIA 

Capital - - .SjOO, 000.00 

Surplus and Profits - 900,000.00 

$1,200,000.00 

Three per cent allowed in Savings Department 

GIVE us YOUR ACCOUNT 



iBcrrbants /iational ,6anl\ 



RICHMOND, VIRGINIA 



The strongest National Bank in the State 



Three l^cr Cent Siuings Department 



Capital .... - 5200,000.00 

Surplus and Profits (earned) - - 5723,000.00 



J. P. Branch, Pres. J. Kerr Branch, \ict-Prts. J. F. Gi.enn, Cashier 

J. R. Perdue, Asst Cash. T. B. McAdams, Asst. Cash. 

G. H. Keesee, Asst. Cash. 



Jlatioual iSanU of Pirginia 

RICHMOND, VIRGINIA 
Identified with the business interests of Richmond forty years 

We respectfully solicit business and personal accounts 

Three per cent paid on balances in Savings Department 

CIx ^tatc £i\\\\\ of Divginia 

RICHMOND, VIRGINIA 

Capital - §500,000 Surplus - 5i-o,ooc 

Depository for the funds of the Commonwealth of \'irt;inij jikI the City of Riciiiii,.n.i 

SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES FOR RENT 

John S. Ellett, Pres. W ••' M Hn..t-..l, | , nrv H . Hii 1 . A.-.f C.isl 



Jefferson Park Hotel Manassas Institute 



Near University of Virginia 

CHARLOTTESVILLE 

Open June ist, 1905. Comfort- 
able rooms, delightful fare, fine 
mineral water, cool shady lawns, 
no malaria, reasonable rates. 

MRS. F. T. BOYKIN, 
Lessee and Manager 



MANASSAS. VA. 



College Preparatory School. 
Coeducational. Course prepares 
for any college or scientific school 
of college grade. Certificate ad- 
mits to several leading colleges. 
Instruction thorough and in 
accordance with best modern 
metliods. 

D . . , MRS. METZ 

Principals : ^ 

^ MISS OSBOURN 



INVESTIGATE THE MERITS OF 

The Fishburne 
Military School 

WAYNESBORO, VA. 



Session 1904-05 the most prosperous in 
the historj' of the school. Buildings re- 
cently remodelled and enlarged ; addi- 
tional improvements for the coming 
session. 

Able instructors, thorough work, best 
.social and religious advantages. I'ure 
air, fine campus for athletics, electric 
lights, steam heat. Cadets from Mass- 
achusetts to Florida. Only pure, manly 
boys wanted. Refer to Faculty of Uni- 
versity. Write for catalogue. 

JAS. A. FI.SHIJURNE, A. R., 

Principal 



McGuire's University 
School 

opposite Monroe Park 

RICHMOND. VIRGINIA 



Forty-first session — September iS, igos 
to June i8, 1906. 

Best observed record at University of 
Virginia during recent years. 1S90-91 — 4 
Degrees, 14 Diplomas ; i"8g5-6— 4 Degrees, 
27 Diplomas: two of the five M. .\'s from 
this school ; 1899-1900—3 Degrees, 44 Di- 
plomas ; 190001 —6 Degrees, 55 Diplomas ; 
1901-02— 4 Degrees, 40 Diplomas. 

CORPS OF TEACHER.S 

John P. McGuire (U. Va.) Principal; 
J. P. McGuire, Jr. (U. Va.) Associate 
Principal ; E. W. Bosworth ( U. Va), J. J. 
Gravatt, Jr.,B. A. (U.Va.).H. I,. Roberts, 
M. A., Ph. D. (U. Va.),and four ladies in 
Lower School. 

For catalogue apply to J. P. McGuire, 
Jr., Associate Principal. 




The 

Prosperous 

Farmer 



has a rl^bt to be buoyant, be- 
cause he carefully prepares his 
lands a^ seed-time, and uses lib- 
erally every seasuu 

Virginia=Carolina 
Fertilizers, 

which bring, at harvest-time, 
large, excc-llontcrops— for wiilch 
the %ery highest prices are ob- 
tained. Tbey como up to and 
often exceed our guaranteed 
analysis. 

If you don't fertilize with these 
popular brands— you fail to olj- 
tain the best results from the 
care and labor put on your crop, 
whether it be trucks or anyone 
special product of the soil. It 
your dealer cannot supply you— 
%VTite us for information at any 
one of the cities named. 

VIRGIXIA-CAKOLIN.A 
CHEMICAI* COMPANY* 

Richmond, Va. Atlanta, Oo. 

Norfolk, Va. .Savaiiiiali, t;». 

Durham, N. C. .Montgomery, Ala. 

CharlePton, 8. C. Memphis. Tenu. 



Marine 
Bank 

Norfolk, Va. 




Printed by 

The Eddy Press Corporation^ li^incluster^la. 

Makers of Hooks, Booklets and Catalogs 



CIjc %imtQ Bi0patdj 

Rich?io?id,Va, ^ VIRGINIA'S 
GREATEST NEWSPAPER 




JjoesjfQlMake YouMn^ous 

W J. YARBROUCH & SONS, 

RICHMOND. VA 



If you have not 



tried this Tobacco, we 
would suggest your 
doing so, as we can re- 
commend it with en- 
tire confidence as be- 
ing absolutely of the 
very best quality, and 
a mild, pleasant chew. 



Cl^e caniucvgity of iDivsnua 



Glimpses of I-ts 
^Jast nntJ IJiesnit 

A brief, but clear and accurate account of the founding of this 
institution by Jefferson — its growth and expansion; espcciall\' in- 
teresting at this time. A small octavo volume prepared particularly 
for those who would quicken their memories ot their Alma Mater 
and for those who seek for the first time distinct impressions of the 
institution. 

Printed on handsome enamel paper, tilled with illustrations, and bound in 
grey cloth with the emblem of the University stamped in the orange and blue 
colors of the institution. Also in card. 

Forwarded on receipt of 50c for cloth; 25c for card. .Address John S. 
Patton or Miss S.J. Doswell, University Station, Charlottesville, \'a. 












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