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THE 



INSTITUTION 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCmNATI. 



TOGETHER WITH THE 



ROLL OF THE ORIGINAL, HEREDITARY, AND H^^^^R arv 
MEMBERS OF THE ORDER, 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



From 1'783 to 1866. 



ALBANY, N. Y.: 
PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY, 
BY J. MUNSELL, 82 STATE STREET. 
1866. n 



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Extract from the Report of the Standing Committee of the 
Society of the Cincinnati of New Jersey ^ Ath July^ 1862. 



" The Committee report that Mr. Sims has prepared a list of 
the original member^, and their successors, and other matters 
of interest to the Society, and they recommend that the same 
together with the Rules and Bye Laws be printed at the ex- 
pense of the Society for distribution among the members, and that 
a Conmiittee be appointed to superintend the same, with power 
to revise, alter, and amend the said Rules and Bye Laws, and 
that each member at his earliest convenience forward to any 
member of the Committee all the information he can obtain 
concerning his own Revolutionary ancestor, or any deceased 
members of the Society." 

In compliance with the recommendation contained in the 
Report of the Standing Committee, the Chair appointed John 
McDowell, Clifford Stanley Sims, and William B. 
Buck, a Special Committee to whom was referred the papers 
prepared by Mr. Sims, containing the list of original members 
and their successors, and other matters of interest to the So- 
ciety, with direction to report such alterations and additions to 
the present Rules and Bye Laws as they shall deem expedient. 

At the Annual Meeting, 4th July, 1866, the Special Com- 
mittee reported certain alterations and additions to the Rules 
and Bye Laws of the Society, which amendments were adopted, 
and William B. Dayton was added to the Committee. 



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INTRODUCTION. 



ElGHTY-THREE years ago, at the cantonment of 
the American army on the banks of the Hudson river, 
the officers who for eight years had led the forces of 
the United Colonies, met for the purpose of founding a 
Society, which would perpetuate the attachments formed 
during a long period of hardship and privation. 

We should not be surprised that their plan assumed 
an hereditary shape, and that they determined that 
the Society there formed should endure as long as 
they should endure, or any of their male posterity. 

Many dear friendships and memories had grown 
into life since 1776, and naturally they desired to do 
something to retain them ; and doubtless they thought 
that coming generations in the then young Republic, 
would do honor to their memory as the founders of a 
Government that was open to all. 

The name Cincinnati which they then gave to the 
Order, was eminently appropriate, for they were all in 
expectation of a return to civil life and its peaceful 
pursuits. 



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vi INTRODUCTION. 

Many of the names then prominent, are and always 
will be household words in this land, and for years in 
the future the battle fiields of the Revolution will be 
pointed out as spots where in the struggle for liberty 
the Continental army fought. 

But beside the bright names of that era, so glorious 
in our history, the lesser ones are still fondly^ jeealled 
at many of the homes in America ; families natrtiially 
look back with pride to ancestors who fought to form-^ 
the government under which their descendants are 
now hving. 

The bloody foot prints at Valley Forge have been 
washed away by the snows of many winters, the bones 
of many battle fields are mouldered and gone, the last 
of the gallant leaders of the Colonial army has ren- 
dered his final account, and new names and present - v 
interests engross very much of the public attention; 
but still the proud memory of the brave sacrifices of 
the Revolution will live for centuries. j 

It was to be expected that the formation of an ' 

hereditary Order in a country just emerged into inde- 
pendence would meet with much opposition, but all 
voices are now hushed, none of the evils then predicted 
have taken plaoe; after a lapse of three generations 
we find the names of the Revolution still stainless, and 
now the Society of the Cincinnati is honored as one of 
the old landmarks of the Republic. 

The colony of New Jersey performed a fiill share in 
the fight, and it is gratifying in tracing the subsequent 



1 



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INTRODUCTION. vii 

history of her officers, to see that then* fellow citizens 
honored them with very many of the public offices in 
their gift. 

In seven of the old thirteen Colonies, the Order of 
the Cincinnati has ceased to exist, but in the others it 
still remains, and yearly its members meet to recall 
the memories of the past, and by donations to the poor, 
carry into effect the wishes of their soldierly ancestors. 

Let us be assured that our country will be happier 
the more nearly we equal its earlier public men in 
their purity and patriotism. 



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THE INSTITUTION 



SOCIETY OP THE CINCINNATI. 



Cantonment of the American Army, 1 
ON Hudson's Eiver, 10th May, 1783. j 

X ROPOSALS for establisMng a Society, upon prin- 
ciples therein mentioned, whose members shall be 
officers of the American army, having been commu- 
nicated to the several regiments of the respective 
lines, they appointed an officer from each, who, in 
conjunction with the general officers, should take the 
same into consideration at their meeting this day, 
at which the honorable Major General Baron db 
Steuben, the senior officer present, was pleased to 
preside. 

The proposals being read, fdlly considered, para- 
graph by paragraph, and the amendments agreed to, 
Major General Knox, Brigadier General Hand, 
Brigadier General Huntingdon, and Captain Shaw, 
were chosen to revise the same, and prepare a copy 
to be laid before this assembly at their next meeting, 
to be holden at Major General Baron de Steuben's 
quarters, on Tuesday, the 13th instant. 
2 



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10 THE CINCINNATI. 

Tuesday, ISth May, 1783. 

The Kepresentatives of the American army being 
assembled, agreeably to adjournment, the plan for 
establishing a Society, whereof the OflS.cers of the 
American army are to be members, is accepted, and 
is as follows, viz : 

"It having pleased the Supreme Governor of the 
Universe, in the disposition of human affairs, to cause 
the separation of the colonies of North America jfrom 
the domination of Great Britain, and, after a bloody 
conflict of eight years, to establish them free, inde- 
pendent, and sovereign states, connected, by alliances 
founded on reciprocal advantage, with some of the 
great princes and powers of the earth. 

" To perpetuate, therefore, as well the remembrance 
of this vast event, as the mutual friendships which 
have been formed under the pressure of common 
danger, and, in many instances, cemented by the blood 
of the parties, the officers of the American army do, 
hereby, in the most solemn manner, associate, consti- 
tute and combine themselves into one Society op 
Friends, to endure as long as they shall endure, or 
any of their eldest male posterity, and, in failure 
thereof, the collateral branches who may be judged 
worthy of becoming its supporters and members. 

" The officers of the American army having gene- 
rally been taken from the citizens of America, possess 
high veneration for the character of that illustrious 
Koman, Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus; and being 
resolved to follow his example, by returning to their 
citizenship, they think they may with propriety deno- 
minate themselves, The Society of the Cincinnati. 

" The following principles shall be immutable and 
form the basis of the Society of the Cincinnati. 



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THE CINCINNATI. H 

" An incessant attention to preserve inviolate those 
exalted rights and Uberties of human nature for which 
they have fought and bled, and without which the high 
rank of a rational being is a curse instead of a blessing. 

"An unalterable determination to promote and 
cherish, between the respective States, that union and 
national honor so essentially necessary to their happi- 
ness, and the fature dignity of the American empire. 

" To render permanent the cordial affection sub- 
sisting among the oflS.cers. This spirit will dictate 
brotherly kindness in all things, and particularly , extend 
to the most substantial acts of beneficence, according 
to the ability of the Society, towards those oflS.cers and 
their families, who unfortunately may be under the 
necessity of receiving it. 

" The General Society will, for the sake of frequent 
communications, be divided into State Societies, and 
these again into such. districts as shall be directed by 
the State Society. 

" The Societies of the districts to meet as often as 
shall be agreed upon by the State Society, those of the 
State on the fourth day of July, annually, or oftener, 
if they shall find it expedient, and the General Society 
on the first Monday in May, annually, so long as they 
shall deem it necessary, and afterwards, at least once 
in every three years. 

" At each meeting, the principles of the Institution 
will be fally considered, and the best measures to pro- 
mote them adopted. 

" The State Societies will consist of all the members 
resident in each State respectively ; and any member 
removing from one State to another, is to be consi- 
dered, in all respects, as belonging to the Society of 
the State in which he shall actually reside. 



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12 THE CINCINNATI. 

" The State Societies to have a President, Vice Presi- 
dent, Secretary, Treasurer, and Assistant Treasurer, 
to be chosen annually, by a majority of votes, at the 
State meeting. 

" Each State meeting shall write annually, or oftener, 
if necessary, a circular letter, to the other State Socie- 
ties, noting whatever they may think worthy of ob- 
servation, respecting the good of the Society, or the 
general union of the States, and giving information of 
the oflS.cers chosen for the current year : copies of these 
letters shall be regularly transmitted to the Secretary- 
General of the Society, who will record them in a book 
to be assigned for that purpose. 

" The State Society will regulate everything respect- 
ing itself and the Societies of its districts consistent 
with the general maxims of the Cincinnati, judge of 
the quahfications of the members who may be pro- 
posed, and expel any member who, by a conduct 
inconsistent with a gentleman and a man of honor, or 
by an opposition to the interests of the community in 
general, or the Society in particular, may render him- 
self unworthy to continue a member. 

" In order to form fands which may be respectable, 
and assist the unfortunate, each oflS.cer shall dehver to 
the Treasurer of the State Society one month's pay, 
which shall remain for ever to the use of the State 
Society; the interest only of which, if necessary, to be 
appropriated to the reUef of the unfortunate. 

" Donations may be made by persons not of the 
Society, and by members of the Society, for the express 
purpose of forming permanent fimds for the use of the 
State Society, and the interests of these donations 
appropriated in the same manner as that of the month's 
pay. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 13 

" Moneys, at the pleasure of each member, may be 
subscribed in the Societies of the districts, or the State 
Societies, for the relief of the unfoVtunate members, or 
their widows and orphans, to be appropriated by the 
State Society only. 

" The meeting of the General Society shall consist 
of its officers and a representation from each State 
Society, in number not exceeding five, whose expenses 
shall be borne by their respective State Societies. 

" In the general meeting, the President, Vice Presi- 
dent, Secretary, Assistant Secretary, Treasurer, and 
Assistant Treasurer-Generals, shall be chosen, to serve 
until the next meeting. 

" The circular letters which have been written by 
the respective State Societies to each other, and their 
particular laws, shall be read and considered, and all 
measures concerted which may conduce to the general 
intendment of the Society. 

" It is probable that some persons may make dona- 
tions to the General Society, for the purpose of esta- 
blishing funds for the further comfort of the unfortunate, 
in which case, such donations must be placed in the 
hands of the Treasurer-General, the interests only of 
which to be disposed of, if necessary, by the general 
meeting. 

"All the officers of the American army, as well 
those who have resigned with honor, after three years 
service in the capacity of officers, or who have been 
deranged by the resolutions of Congress, upon the 
several reforms of the army, as those who shall have 
continued to the end of the war, have the right to become 
parties to this Institution ; provided that they subscribe 
one month's pay, and sign their names to the general 
rules, in their respective State Societies, those who are 



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14 THE CINCINNATI. 

present with the Army immediately, and others within 
six months after the Army shall be disbanded, extra- 
ordinary eases excepted; the rank, time of service, 
resolution of Congress by which any have been de- 
ranged, and place of residence, must be added to each 
name — and as a testimony of affection to the memory 
and the offspring of such officers as have died in the 
service, their eldest male branches shall have the same 
right of becoming members, as the children of the 
actual members of the Society. 

" Those officers who are foreigners, not resident in 
any of the States, will have their names enrolled by 
the Secretary-General, and are to be considered as 
members in the Societies of any of the States in which 
they may happen to be. 

" And as there are, and will at all times be, men in 
the respective States eminent for their abilities and 
patriotism, whose views may be directed to the same 
laudable objects with those of the. Cincinnati, it shall 
be a rule to admit such characters, as Honorary mem- 
bers of the Society, for their own Uves only : Provided 
always. That the number of Honorary members, in 
each State, does not exceed a ratio of one to four of 
the officers or their descendants. 

" Each State Society shall obtain a list of its mem- 
bers, and at the first annual meeting, the State Secre- 
tary shall have engrossed, on parchment, two copies 
of the Institution of the Society, which every member 
present shall sign, and the Secretary shall endeavor to 
procure the signature of every absent member ; one 
of those lists to be transmitted to the Secretary-General 
to be kept in the archives of the Society, and the other 
to remain in the hands of the State Secretary. From 
the State lists, the Secretary-General must make out, 



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THE CINCINNATI. 15 

at the first general meeting, a complete list of the 
whole Society, with a copy of which he will fiirnish 
each State Secretary. 

" The Society shall have an Order, by which its 
members shall be known and distinguished, which 
shall be a medal of gold, of a proper size to receive 
the emblems, and suspended by a deep blue riband 
two inches wide, edged with white, descriptive of the 
union of France and America, viz : 

" The principal figure, 

CINCINNATUS: 

Tliree Senators presenting him with a sword and other military ensigns— on 

a field in the back-groand, his wife standing at the door of 

their Cottage— near it 

A PLOUGH AND INSTRUMENTS OF HUSBANDRY. 

Ronnd the whole, 

OUNIA BEIiIQUIT SEBVABE BEMFUBIiICAM. 

On the reverse, 

Sun rising — a city with open gates, and vessels entering the port — Fame 

crowning CmoiNiiATUs with a wreath, inscribed 

VIRTUTIS PRAEMIUM. 

Below, 

HANDS JOINED, SUPPORTING A HEART, 

With the motto, 

ESTO PERPETUA. 

Round the whole, 

Qomtasi (&;incinnat0riitm Jfnstititta. 

A. D. 1783." 

The Society, deeply impressed with a sense of the 
generous assistance this country has received from 
France, and desirous of perpetuating the fiiendships 
which have .been formed, and so happily subsisted, 
between the officers of the allied forces, in the prose- 
cution o^ the war, direct, that the President-General 



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16 THE CINCINNATI. 

transmit, as soon as may be, to each of the characters 
hereafter named, a medal containing the Order of the 
Society, viz : 
His Excellency the Chevalier de la Luzerne, Minister 

Plenipotentiary, 
His Excellency the Sieur Gerard, late Minister Pleni- 
potentiary, 
Their Excellencies 

The Count de Estaing, 
The Count de Grasse, 
The Count de Barras, 
The Chevalier de Touches, 

Admirals and Commanders in the Navy, 
His Excellency the Count de Kochambeau, Commander 

in Chief, 

And the Generals and Colonels of his army, and 
acquaint them, that the Society does itself the honor 
to consider them members. 

Resolvedj That a copy of the aforegoing Institution 
be given to the senior officer of each State line, and 
that the officers of the respective State lines sign their 
names to the same, in manner and form following, viz : 

"We, the subscribers, officers of the American 
army, do hereby voluntarily become parties to the 
foregoing Institution, and do bind ourselves to observe, 
and be governed by, the principles therein contained. 
For the performance whereof we do solemnly pledge 
to each other our sacred honor. 

"Done in the Cantonment, on Hudson's River, in 
the year 1783." 

That the members of the Society, at the time of 
subscribing their names to the Institution, do also sign 
a draft on the Paymaster-General, in the following 



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THE CINCINNATI. 17 

terms (the regiments to do it regimentally, and the 
generals and other officers not belonging to regiments, 
each for himself, individually), viz : 

" To John Pierce, Esquire^ Pay-Master-General to the 
Army of the United States. 

Sir: Please to pay to Treasurer for the 

State association of the Cincinnati, or his order, one 
month^s pay of our several grades respectively, and 
deduct the same from the balance which shall be found 
due to us on the final liquidation of our accounts ; for 
which this shall be your warrant." 

That the members of the several State Societies 
assemble as soon as may be, for the choice of their 
President and other officers ; and that the Presidents 
correspond together, and appoint a meeting of the 
officers who may be chosen for each State, in order 
to pursue such further measures as may be judged 
necessary. 

That the General officers, and the officers delegated 
to represent the several corps of the Army, subscribe 
to the Institution of the General Society, for them- 
selves and their constituents, in the manner and form 
before prescribed. 

That General Heath, General Baron de Steuben, 
and General Knox, be a committee to wait on his 
Excellency the Commander in Chief, with a copy of 
the Institution, and request him to honor the Society 
by placing his name at the head of it. 

That Major General Heath, second in command 
in this Army, be, and he hereby is, desired to 
transmit copies of the Institution, with the pro- 
ceedings thereon, to the commanding officer of the 
Southern Army, the senior officer in each State, 
3 



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18 THE CINCINNATI. 

from Pennsylvania to Georgia, inclusive, and to 
the commanding oflS.cer of the Rhode Island line, 
requesting them to communicate the same to the 
officers under their several commands, and to take 
such measures as may appear to them necessary for 
expediting the estabhshment of their State Societies, 
and sending a delegation to represent them in the first 
general meeting, to be holden on the first Monday in 
May, 1784. 

The meeting then adjourned without day. 

Cantonment of the American Army, 1 
19th of June, 178S. ) 

At a meeting of the General officers, and the 
gentlemen delegated by the respective regiments, as 
a convention for establishing the Society of the Cin- 
cinnati, held by the request of the President, at which 
were present: 

Major General Baron de Steuben, President, 

Major General Howe, 

Major General Knox, 

Brigadier General Patterson, 

Brigadier General Hand, 

Brigadier General Huntingdon, 

Brigadier General Putnam, 

Colonel Webb, 

Lieutenant Colonel Huntingdon, 

Major Pettengill, 

Lieutenant Whiting, 

Colonel H. Jackson, 

Captain Shaw, 

Lieutenant Colonel Hull, 

Lieutenant Colonel Maxwell, 

Colonel Cortlandt. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 19 

General Baron de Steuben acquainted the Con- 
vention that he had, agreeably to their request, at the 
last meeting, transmitted to his Excellency the Cheva- 
lier DE LA Luzerne, Minister Plenipotentiary from 
the court of France, a copy of the Institution of the 
Society of the Cincinnati, with their vote respecting 
his Excellency, and the other characters therein 
mentioned; and that his Excellency had returned 
an answer, declaring his acceptance of the same, 
and expressing the grateful sense he entertains of 
the honor conferred on himself, and the other gen- 
tlemen of the French nation, by this act of the 
Convention. 

Resolved^ That the letter of the Chevalier de la* 
Luzerne be recorded in the proceedings of this day, 
and deposited in the archives of the Society, as a 
testimony of the high sense this Convention entertains 
of the honor done to the Society by his becoming a 
member thereof. 

The letter is as follows : 

Philadelphia, 3rf Jum^ 1783. 
''Sir: I have received, with much gratitude, the 
Institution of the respectable Order that the officers 
of the American army have founded. If courage, 
patience, and all the virtues that this brave army 
have so often displayed in the course of this war 
could ever be forgotten, this monument alone should 
recall them. I dare assure you, sir, that all the 
officers of my nation, that you have been pleased to 
admit in your Society, will be infinitely honored 
by. it. I pray you to be fully persuaded I feel, 
for my part, in the most lively manner, the honor 



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20 THE CINCINNATI. 

the officers of the army have done me, in deigning to 
think of me upon this occasion. 

"I expect to pay my respects to his excellency 
Genekal Washington, as soon as the definitive 
treaty shall be signed, and I shall have the honor 
of assuring them, personally, of my respectful ac-^ 
knowledgment. 

"I seize, with great eagerness, this occasion of 
expressing to you the sentiments of the most perfect 
and most respectful attachment with which I have the 
honor to be. 

Sir, your very humble, and very obedient servant, 
Le Chevaliek de la Luzerne. 
To Baron de Steuben, Major General in 

the service of the United States, Head Quarters." 

The Baron having also communicated a letter from 

Major L^Enfant, enclosing a design for the medal 

and order, containing the emblems of the Institution, 

Itesolvedy That the bald eagle, carrying the emblems 

on its breast, be estabhshed as the order of the Society, 

and that the ideas of Major -L'Enfant, respecting it 

and the manner of its being worn by the members, 

be adopted. That the order be of the same size, and 

in every other respect conformable to the said design, 

which for that purpose is certified by the Baron de 

Steuben, President of this Convention, and to be 

deposited in the archives of the Society, as the original, 

Mch all copies are to be made. Also, that 

Lcdals, not exceeding the size of a Spanish 

3llar, with the emblems, as designed by Major 

T, and certified by the President, be given to 

L every member of the Society, together with a 

on parchment, whereon shall be impressed the 



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THE CINCINNATI. 21 

exact figures of the order and medal, as abovemen- 
tioned; anything in the original Institution, respecting 
gold medals, to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Major L'Enfant's letter is as follows : 



Philadelphia, lO^A June^ 1783. 

" My General: Immediately on receiving your letter 
of the 20th May, which I met by accident at the post 
oflSice, on the 7th inst., I set myself about the plan of 
the medal. I send you both faces of the design, which 
I have made large, so that you may better judge of 
them. In the execution they can be reduced to a 
convenient size, which, on account of the precision 
required in the design, ought not to be less than a 
dollar, the subject being too complex to admit of its 
being properly detailed in a smaller compass. 

" I have not made it oval, agreeably to your desire, 
as such a form is not proper for a medal ; besides, it 
can be done in the execution, if the idea should be 
persisted in of having the order in that form, to which, 
however, I think any other preferable. I also believe 
and hope that you will be persuaded of this, and 
endeavor to convince the gentlemen of it who compose 
the committee for forming the Institution, and to 
whom I beg you to communicate the following ob- 
servations : 

" A medal, whether round or oval, is considered, in 
the different states of Europe, only as a reward of the 
laborer and the artist, or as a sign of a manufacturing 
community, or rehgious society ; besides, the abusive 
custom prevailing particularly in Germany and Italy, 
of sending to France mountebanks, dancers and 
musicians, ornamented in this manner, renders it 



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22 THE CINCINNATI. 

necessary to distinguish this order by a form which 
shall be peculiar to itself, and which will answer the 
two-fold purpose of honoring those invested with it, 
and making itself respected for its simplicity, by such 
as may be in a situation minutely to examine its 
differ'ent parts. 

" IN'ot that I suppose one form or another will change 
the opinion of a republican people, accustomed to 
think; I only say, that in an institution of this sort, 
the main design should be to render it respectable to 
every body, and that it is only in appealing to the 
senses that you can engage the attention of the common 
people, who have certain habitual prejudices which 
cannot be destroyed. A gentleman already invested 
with any European order would be unwilling to carry 
a medal, but if, flattered by receiving a mark of 
distinction from a respectable society, he should do it, 
the manner of it would by no means increase the 
value of the order. On the contrary, giving it a new 
and particular form will be adding a recommendation 
to its real value, and engage those invested with it to 
wear it in the same manner as their other military 
orders, which is the surest means of putting it at once 
upon a footing with them. 

" The bald eagle, which is peculiar to this continent, 
and is distinguished from those of other climates by 
its white head and tail, appears to me to deserve 
attention. 

"I send you two essays which I have made, and 
desire one of them may be adopted instead of the 
medal. In one, I make the eagle supporting a star 
with thirteen points, in the centre of which is the figure 
of the medal, with its inscriptions, as well in front as 
on the reverse. A legend might be added in the claws 



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THE ci:ncinnati. 23 

and go round the neck of the eagle, with a particular 
inscription, or the contour of the medal transferred 
there. In the other, I have made simply the eagle, 
supporting on its breast the figure of the medal, with 
a legend in his claws and about the neck, which passes 
behind and sustains the reverse. I would prefer the 
latter, as it does not resemble any other order, and 
bears a distinct character; nor will it be expensive in 
its execution. The first device, although more com- 
plex, would not be so dear as people might imagine, 
especially if the execution of it should be committed 
to skillful persons, which would not be the case any 
more than with the medal, but by sending it to 
Europe, where it would not take up a great deal of 
time, nor be so expensive as to trust the execution of 
it here to workmen not well acquainted with the 
business. 

" A medal is a monument to be transmitted to pos- 
terity; and, consequently, it is necessary that it be 
executed to the highest degree of perfection possible 
in the age in which it is struck. Ifow, to strike a 
medal well, is a matter that requires practice and a 
good die ; and as there is not here either a press proper 
for this work, nor people who can make a good die, 
I would wilhngly undertake to recommend the execu- 
tion of the medal, the eagle, or the order, to such 
persons in Paris as are capable of executing it to 
perfection. 

" So far from proposing to change the oval medal 
into an eagle, on which should be impressed the 
medal, I do not pretend to say medals cannot be made. 
On the contrary, my idea of the subject is that silver 
medals should be struck,, at the common expense of 
the Society, and distributed, one to each member, as 



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24 THE CINCINNATI. 

an appendage to a diploma of parchment, whereon it 
would be proper to stamp the figure of the medal, the 
eagle, or the star, in its fall dimensions, and properly- 
colored, enjoining on the members to conform to it, 
though leaving them the liberty, provided it be at 
their own expense, of having it made of such metal 
and as small as they please,, without altering any of 
the emblems. It seems to me by no means proper 
that the honorary members should wear the order in 
the same manner as the original members ; it would 
be necessary that they should wear the medal, the 
star, or the eagle, round their necks, and the original 
members at the third button-hole. 

" These remarks, I beg you, my General, to have 
translated and submitted to the gentlemen concerned. 
I shall be obhged to you to let me know the issue of 
this letter, and their decision upon it. 

I have, etc. etc. etc., 

L'Enfant, 

" N. B. The head and tail of the eagle should be 
silver, or enamelled in white, the body and wings gold, 
the medal on its breast and back enamelled in the 
same color as the legend; sprigs of laurel and oak 
might be added in the wings enamelled in green ; the 
star should be pointed in gold, or enamelled in blue 
and white ; those who would be at the expense might, 
instead of white, have diamonds. The riband, as is 
customary in all orders, should be watered." 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention be 
transmitted, by the President, to Major L'Enfant, for 
his care and ingenuity in preparing the aforementioned 
designs, and that he be acquainted that they cheerfully 
embrace his offer of assistance, and request a con- 



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THE CINCINNATI. 25 

tinuance of his attention in carrying the designs into 
execution, for which purpose the President is desired 
to correspond with him. 

Resolved^ That his Excellency the Commander-in- 
Chief be requested to officiate as President-General, 
until the first general meeting, to be held in May next. 

That a Treasurer-General and a Secretary-General 
be balloted for, to officiate in like manner. 

The ballots being taken, Major General M'Dougall 
was elected Treasurer-General, and Major General 
Knox, Secretary-General, who are hereby requested to 
accept said appointments. 

Resolved^ That all the proceedings of this Con- 
vention, including the Institution of the Society, be 
recorded (from the original papers in his possession) 
by Captain Shaw, who at the first meeting was 
requested to act as Secretary, and that the same, 
signed by the President's secretary, together with the 
original papers, be given into the hands of Major 
General Knox, Secretary-General to the Society ; and 
that Captain North, aid-de-camp to the Baron de 
Steuben, and acting secretary to him as President, 
sign the said records. 

The dissolution of a very considerable part of the 
Army, since the last meeting of this Convention 
having rendered the attendance of some of its members 
impracticable, and the necessity for some temporary 
arrangements, previous to the first meeting of the 
General Society, being so strikingly obvious, the 
Convention found itself constrained to make those 
before mentioned, which they have done with the 
utmost diffidence of themselves, and relying entirely 
on the candor of their constituents to make allowance 
for the measure. The principal objects of its appoint- 
4 



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26 THE CINCINNATI. 

ment being thus accomplislied, the members of this 
Convention think fit to dissolve the same, and it is 
hereby dissolved accordingly. 

Steuben, Major General, 

President. 
S. Shaw, Capt. of Art., 

Secretary to the Convention. 
William North, A. D. C, 

and Secretary to the President. 



Extract frmt the Minutes of the Society of the Cincinnati 
of New Jersey — Mizabethtown, 11th June^ 1783. 

The officers of the New Jersey Line being about 
to return to their respective places of abode, were 
requested by General Dayton, to convene, for the 
purpose of considering the Institution of the Society 
of the Cincinnati, and, after some time spent thereon, 
they resolved unanimously to become members, and 
subscribed the Institution accordingly. 

The Society then proceeded to the election of offi- 
cers, to continue till the next meeting, and the following 
gentlemen were elected : 

General Elias Dayton, President. 

Lieutenant Col. Jonathan Forman, Vice President. 

Reverend Andrew Hunter, Secretary. 

Major Eichard Cox, Treasurer. 

Doctor Ebenezer Elmer, Assistant Treasurer. 



*-) 



The Society then adjourned to meet at Princeton, 
the 22d day of September next. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 27 



OEIGINAL AND HEEEDITAEY MEMBERS. 



LIEUTENANT JAMES ANDERSON; in the Con- 
gress Regiment; admitted 4tli 
July, 1787 ; Captain in the Mili- 
tia; died 1825. 

Austin Anderson — son; admitted 4th July, 1826. 

BREVET CAPTAIN ABRAHAM APPLETON; 

died 1808. 

REV. JAMES FRANCIS ARMSTRONG, D.D. 
CHAPLAIN to the Maryland 
Brigade ; admitted 4th July, 1789 ; 
Trustee of the College of New 
Jersey; Secretary of the Society, 
^ 1790 to 1797; died 1816. 

Robert Livingston Armstrong — son; admitted 4th 
July, 1816 ; Colonel in the Militia ; 
Assistant Treasurer of the Society 
1826 to 1829; Treasurer 1829 to 
1833; died 1839. 

Commander James Francis Armstrong, U. S. N. — 
grandson; admitted 4ih July, 1839. 

CAPTAIN DANIEL BALDWIN ; admitted 4th July, 
1788; lost a leg at the battle of 
Gemiantown ; on half pay ; died 
1816. 



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28 THE CINCINNATI. 

CAPTAIN JEREMIAH BALLAED; Judge and 
Justice; Major in the Militia; 
Vice President of the Society 1822 
to 1824; died 1824. 

George Clinton Barber — 5on of LIEUTEN'AIS'T 
COLOKEL FRANCIS BARBER 
of the 3d New Jersey Regiment, 
who died in the service, 11th 
February, 1783; admitted 4th 
July, 1800 ; Secretary of the So- 
ciety 1811 to 1829 ; died 1829. 

Francis Barber — son of George Clinton Barber; 
admitted 4th July, 1832; Secre- 
tary of the Society 1852 to 1857. 

Isaac Coxe Barnet— 5on of SURGEON WILLIAM 
BARNET of the 1st New Jersey 
Regiment, who died at the close 
of the war; admitted 4th July, 
1822. 

CAPTAIN' WILLIAM BARTON; died 1802. 
Gilbert Barton — son ; admitted 4th July, 1806 ; died 

1812. 
Joseph L. Barton — son; admitted 4th July, 1812. 

MAJOR JOHN BE ATT Y; Commissary General of 
Prisoners; admitted 4th July, 
1787; Graduated at Princeton 
College, 1769 ; studied medicine ; 
Delegate to the Continental Con- 
gress 1783 to 1785; Member of 
the State Convention 1787; Mem- 
ber of Congress from New Jersey 



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THE CINCINNATI. 29 

[MAJOR JOHN BEATTY, continued.'] 1795 to 1797; 
Judge and Justice ; Speaker of the 
Assembly ; ten years Secretary of 
State; Trustee of the College of 
New Jersey ; Brigadier General in 
the Militia ; Treasurer of the So- 
ciety 1823 to 1826; died 30th 
April, 1826, aged 77. 

Hon. Richard Longstreet Beatty — son; admitted 
4th July, 1826; born 18th Feb- 
ruary, 1776 ; graduated at Prince- 
ton 1797 ; studied law and licensed 
to practice 1801; in the Legisla- 
ture several terms ; Judge of the 
County Court of Burlington ; died 
1847. 

John Imlay Beatty — grandson; admitted 5th July, 
1847. 

CAPTAIN ERKURIUS BEATTY; transferred from 
the Pennsylvania Society; Cap- 
tain of Infantry 1789 ; Paymaster 
1790 ; Major 1792 ; resigned 1792 ; 
Judge and Justice ; in both houses 
of the Legislature ; Colonel in the 
MiUtia ; Treasurer of the Society 
1811 to 1823; died 1823. 

Rev. Charles Clinton Beatty, D.D. — son; admitted 
4th July, 1823. 

ENSIGN JOrn^ BISHOP; deceased. 

BREVET CAPTAIN JOHN BLAIR; deceased. 



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30 THE CINCINNATI. 

MAJOR JOSEPH BLOOMFIELD; Presidential 
Elector 1793; Governor of New 
Jersey 1801, and 1803 to 1812; 
Brigadier General 1812 to 1815 ; 
Member of Congress from New 
Jersey 1817 to 1821; nine years 
Attorney General ; Trustee of the 
College of New Jersey; Major 
General in the Militia ; Vice Pre- 
sident of the Society 1793 to 1808 ; 
President 1808 to 1823; died 3d 
October, 1823. 

Joseph Ellis Bloomfield — nephew ; son of Samuel 
Bloomfield; admitted 4th July, 
1825. 

BREVET CAPTAIN ABSALOM BONHAM; de- 
ceased. 

CAPTAIN JAMES BONNEL ; died 1808. 

LIEUTENANT SETH BOWEN; Captain in the 
Militia; died 1816. 

BREVET MAJOR NATHANIEL BOWMAN; died 

1788. 

LIEUTENANT COLONEL DAVID BREARLY; 
Member of the Federal and State 
Conventions of 1787 ; Presidential 
Elector 1789; Chief Justice of 
New Jersey; Vice President of the 
Society 22d of September, 1783, 
to his death, 17th August, 1790. 

David Hiobee Brearly — son; admitted 4th July, 
1809; died 1821. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 31 

MAJOR JEREMIAH BRTJEN; admitted 4ih July, 
1787; struck off 1806; no pay. 

ENSIGN ALMARINE BROOKS; admitted 4th July, 
1787 ; Captain llth Infantry 1799 
to 1800; Major in the Militia; 
died 1824. 

BREVET CAPTAIN JOSEPH BUCK; bom 1758; 

Sheriff of Cumberland; Colonel 

in the Militia; died 1803. 
John Buck — son; admitted 4tli July, 1809; deceased. 
John Buck — grandson ; admitted 4th July, 1845 ; died 

1855. 
William Bowen Buck — grandson ; admitted 4tli July, 

1856; Secretary of the Society 

since 1857. 

DR. WILLIAM BURNET, PHYSICIAN AND 
SURGEON GENERAL; admit- 
ted 4tli July, 1789; Member of 
the Continental Congress 1780 to 
1781; deceased. 

Hon. Jacob Burnet — 2d son ; admitted 4th July, 1808 ; 
born in Newark 22d February, 
1770; graduated at Princeton 
1791; admitted to the Bar 1796; 
Member of the Legislative Coun- 
cil of Ohio 1799 to 1803 ; Member 
of the Legislature 1812 to 1821 ; 
Judge of the Supreme Court 1821 
to 1828; U. S. Senator 1828; 
Member of the French Academy ; 
died 1853. 



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32 THE CINCINNATI. 

Dr. "William Burnet, Jr. — 1st son of DR. WIL- 
LIAM BURKET, and brother of 
MAJOR ICHABOD BURNET 
of the Georgia Society, in repre- 
sentation of whom he was admit- 
ted 4th July, 1791 ; deceased. 

Joseph Burnet — son of Dr. William Burnet, Jr.; 
admitted 4th July, 1806 ; deceased. 

BREVET CAPTADf EDEN BURROUGHS; de- 
ceased. 

Cassius Burroughs — son; admitted 4th July, 1828, 

MAJOR JOHN BURRO WES ; Sheriff of Monmouth ; 
deceased. 

DR. GEORGE CAMPBELL, HOSPITAL SUR. 
GEON; admitted 4th July, 1786 ; 
deceased. 

DR. JABEZ CAMPFIELD, HOSPITAL SUR- 
GEON; admitted 4th July, 1787; 
died 1821. 

Dr. William Campfield — son; admitted 4th July, 
1823. 

CAPTAIN ABRAHAM G. CLATPOOLE ; trans- 
ferred from the Pennsylvania 
Society; deceased. 

BREVET CAPTAISr SAMUEL CONN; died 1788. 

LIEUTENANT COLONEL JOHN CONWAY; 
Sheriff of Middlesex ; deceased. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 33 

MAJOR RICHARD COX; Treasurer of the Society 
from its Institution to his death 
1816. 

William Rossbll Allen — great grandson; son of 
Samuel Allen, and grandson of 
Samuel Allen and Kitty Vaughan 
Cox, the eldest daughter of Major 
Richard Cox ; admitted 4th July, 
1862. 

COLOKEL JOHN NOBLE CUMMIFG; Judge and 
Justice; Major General in the 
Militia; Vice President of the 
Society 1808 to his death, 6th 
July, 1821. 

Robert Hooper Cumming — son; admitted 4th July, 
1823; Secretary of the Society 
1833 to 1850; died 1853. 

Alexander McWhorter Cumming — son; admitted 
4th July, 1856 ; Major New Jer- 
sey Cavalry 1862., 

BREVET CAPTAIN EPHRAIM DARBY; de- 
ceased. 

BRIGADIER GENERAL ELIAS DAYTON; in the 
General Assembly; Member of 
the Continental Congress 1787 to 
1788 ; Major General in the Mili- 
tia ; President of the Society from 
its organization to his death 1807. 

Elias Boudinot Dayton — 2d son; admitted 4th July, 
1808; died 1846. 
5 



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34 THE CINCINNATI, 

Thomas Bradbury Chandler Dayton — grandson ; ad- 
mitted 5th July, 1847; died 1865. 

William Berrian Dayton — scm of Aaron Ogden 
Dayton ; admitted 4th July, 1865. 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN DAYTON — eZtfes^ 8m of 
BRIG. GEN. ELIAS DAYTON; 
born 1756; graduated at Prince- 
ton 1776; Member of the Federal 
Convention 1787 ; Speaker of the 
General Assembly; Member of 
Congress from New Jersey 1791 
to 1799'; Speaker of the same 
1797; U. S. Senator 1799 to 1805 ; 
Brigadier General TJ. S. Army 
1798; died 9th October, 1824. 

Hon. Aaron Ogden Dayton — nephew ; 2d son of Elias 
BouDiNOT Dayton ; admitted 4th 
July, 1832 ; Member of the Legis- 
latures of New Jersey and New 
York; Chief Clerk State Departs 
ment; Fourth Auditor of the 
Treasury; died 1858. 

CAPTAIN CYEUS DE HART ; died 1832. 

Captain William Chet wood De Hart — sm; admitted 
4th July, 1832; Captain 2d Artil- 
lery, A. D. C. to Major General 
Scott; Lieutenant Governor of 
Puebla during its siege 1847; 
Vice President of the Society 1842 
to 1848 ; died 21st April, 1848. 

MAJOR NATHANIEL DONNELL; deceased. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 35 

CAPTAIN JOHN DOUGHTY; admitted 4th July, 
1793; Major of Artillery 1789; 
Lieutenant Colonel of Infantry 
1791 ; Lieutenant Colonel of En- 
gineers 1798; resigned 1800; 
Brigadier General in the Militia ; 
Judge and Justice ; died 1826. 

DR. LEWIS DUNHAM, SURGEON; Colonel in the 
Militia; Mayor of New Bruns- 
wick; died 1822. 

Dr. Lewis Dunham — son; admitted 4ihJuly, 1823; 
' died 1859. 

Robert Morris Boggs — grandson ; son of Robert Mor- 
ris Boggs and Jane Elizabeth 
Dunham, the daughter of Dr. 
Lewis Dunham; admitted 4th 
July, 1864. 

DR. EBENEZER ELMER, SURGEON; bom at 
Cedarville, N. J., 1752; Member 
and Speaker of the Legislature ; 
Vice President of the State Coun- 
cil; Member of Congress from 
New Jersey 1801 to 1807; Adju- 
tant General of New Jersey; 
Brigadier General in the Militia ; 
Assistant-Treasurer of the Society 
1783; Treasurer 1826 to 1829; 
Vice President 1824 to 1838 ; Pre- 
sident 1839, and 1842 to 1843; 
died 13th October, 1843. 



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86 THE CINCINNATI. 

Hon. Lucius Quintius Cinoinnatus Elmer — son; 
admitted 4ih July, 1845; born 
1793; graduated at Princeton; 
studied law; Member of the 
Legislature 1820 to 1823 ; Speaker 
1823; U. S. Attorney for New 
Jersey 1824 to 1829; Member of 
Congress from New Jersey 1843 
to 1845; Attorney General 1850 
to 1852 ; Associate Judge Supreme 
Court; Vice President of the 
Society since 1862. 

LIEUTENANT ELI ELMEE; admitted 4th. July, 
1787; Colonel in the Militia; 
Member of the State Convention 
1787; Sheriff of Cumberland; 
Collector of the Revenue; died 
1806, 

Theopilus M. Elmer — son ; admitted 4ih July, 1823. 

DR. MOSES ELMER, SURGEON'S MATE; admi1> 
ted 4th July, 1788 ; deceased. 

ENSIGN PETER PALKNER; Captain 11th Regi- 
ment U. S. Army 1798 ; deceased. 

BREVET CAPTAIN MAHLON;FORD; admitted 
5th July, 1793; wounded in St. 
Clair's defeat; Major of Engineers 
1798; died 12ih June, 1820. 

George Washington Ford — son; admitted 4th July, 
1825; deceased. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 87 

Edward Ford — grandson; admitted 4th July, 1856. 

LIEUTENANT CHILION FORD; Colonel in the 
Militia; died 180L 

LIEUTENANT COLONEL JONATHAN FOEr 
MAN; Vice President of the So- 
ciety at its organization 1783; 
Brigadier General in the Militia 
of New York; died 26th May, 
1809. 

COLONEL DAVID FURMAN; admitted 4th July, 
1787; Brigadier General in the 
Militia ; Judge and Justice ; Vice 
President of the Society 1791 to 
1793; deceased. 

LIEUTENANT JAMES GILES ; admitted 4th July, 
1789; Brigadier General in the 
Militia; Clerk of the County of 
Cumberland; died 1826. 

BREVET CAPTAIN LUTHER TTALSEY ; deceased. 

Rev. Luther Halsey — son ; admitted 4th July, 1825 ; 
Secretary of the Society 1850 to 
1852. 

DR. JACOB HARRIS, SURGEON; deceaaed. 

LIEUTENANT COLONEL SAMUEL HAT; Mem- 
ber of the State Convention 1787 ; 
Judge and Justice; died 1803. 



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38 THE CINCINNATI. 

Ebv. Philip Coetlandt Hat — son ; admitted 4th July, 
1826; Secretary of the Society 
1829 to 1830; died 1861. 

CAPTAIN JOHN HEARD ; Brigadier General in the 
Militia; Surrogate of Middlesex; 
died 1826. 

"William V. Hbaed — son; admitted 4th July, 1832. 

CAPTAIN JAMES HEARD; deceased. 

BREVET MAJOR WILLIAM HELMS; in the 

Legislature ; Member of Congress 
from New Jersey 1801 to 1811; 
Major General in the Militia ; died 
1813. 

CAPTAIN SAMUEL HENDRY; died 1824. 

Dr. John Andbrsok Hendbt — son ; admitted 5th July, 

1824; died 1834. 
Charles Fox Hendbt — grandson; admitted 4th July, 

1834. 

MAJOR JOHN HOLLINSHEAD ; admitted 4th July, 
1787; Sheriff of Burlington; died 
1798. 

CAPTAIN JOHN HOLMES; deceased. 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN HOLMES ; deceased. 

ENSIGN JOHN HOPPER; admitted 4th July, 1787; 
killed in St Clair's defeat, 4th 
November, 1791. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 39 

MAJOEEICHARD HOWELL; Member of the State 
Convention 1787; Clerk of the 
Supreme Court; Governor of New 
Jersey 1794 to 1801; died 1802. 

CAPTATN" JOHN HOWELL; deceased. 

KEV. ANDREW HUNTER, CHAPLAIN; Member 
of the State Convention 1787; 
Trustee of the College of New 
Jersey ; Professor of Mathematics 
in the same; Secretary of the 
Society 1783 to 1790, and 1797 to 
1811 ; died 1823. 

ENSIGN JACOB HYER, son of Colonel Jacob Hyer, 
who commanded the Princeton 
Regiment during the Revolution ; 
died 1812. 

William Hyer — brother; admitted 4th July, 1815; 
Clerk of the Supreme Court of 
New Jersey ; died 1840. 

Alexander Chambers Hyer — nephew ; son of Wil- 
liam Hyer; admitted 4th July, 
1842. 

BREVET CAPTAIN WILLIAM KERSEY; Major 
TJ. S. Army; died 1800. 

BREVET CAPTAIN JOHN KINNEY; admitted 
4th July, 1791 ; Major in the Mili- 
tia; deceased. 



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40 THE CINCINNATI. 

LrEUTElsrANT ABRAHAM KUSTKET ; transferred 
from the Connecticut Society ; 
struck off 1810 ; no pay. 

BREVET CAPTAIN SHEPARD KOLLOCK; ad- 
mitted 4th July, 1791 ; bom 1750 ; 
Colonel in the Militia ; Judge and 
Justice ; died 1838. 

John McDowell — grandson; admitted 4th July, 1840 ; 
Treasurer of the Society since 
1854; Assistant Treasurer-Gene- 
ral since 1863. 

AIN DERRICK LANE; Colonel in the Mih- 
tia; deceased. 

>R BENJAMIN LEDTARD ; transferred from 
the New York Society, 4th July, 
1788; deceased. 

AIN NATHANIEL LEONARD; deceased. 

ET MAJOR RICHARD LLOYD; in the 
Congress Regiment ; deceased. 

AM Lloyd — brother ; admitted 4th July, 1795 ; 
born 1757 ; died 1837. 

AM Lloyd — nephew; son of William Lloyd; 
admitted 4th July, 1837. 

}N FRANCIS LUCE; deceased. 

AIN ABSALOM MARTIN" ; died 1802. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 41 

CAPTAIN GILES MEAD ; admitted 4th July, 1787 ; 
deceased. 



CAPTAIN ALEXANDER MITCHELL; deceased. 

BREVET BRIGADIER GENERAL MATTHIAS 
OGDEN; in the Legislature} 
Presidential Elector 1789; died 
1791. 

Georgb Montgomery Ogdbn — son; admitted 4th 
July, 1800; died 1824. 

Francis Barber Ogdbn — son; admitted 4th July> 
1825; died 4th July, 1857. 

CAPTAIN AARON OGDEN; bom 1756; gradu- 
ated at Princeton 1773; Presi- 
dential Elector 1797; Trustee of 
the CoUege of New Jersey; U. 
S. Senator 1801 to 1803; Go- 
vernor of New Jersey 1812 to 
1813; President of t^ie Society 
1824 to 1839; Vice President- 
General 1825 to 1829; President- 
General 1829 to 1839; died 1839. 

Matthus Ooden — sm; admitted 4th July, 1839; 
died 1861. 

Hon. Elias Boudinot Dayton Ogden — son; admitted 
4th July, 1861 ; Associate Judge 
Supreme Court of New Jersey; 
died 1865. 

Frederick BEASLEt OanfiN — grandson ; admitted 4th 
July, 1865. 

6 



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42 TH:E CINCINNATI. 

BEEVETCAPTAEvTBEIsrAJAHOSMAN; Colonel 
in the Militia; deceased. 

BREVET CAPTAIN JOHN PECK; deceased. 

CAPTAIN ROBERT PEMBERTON; died 1788. 

BREVET CAPTAIN WILLIAM SANFORD PEN- 

. NINGTON; in the Legislature; 

Judge of the Supreme Court; 

Governor of New Jersey 1813 to 

1815; died 1826. 

James Adolphus Pennington — grandson; son of 
James Pennington; admitted 4th 
July, 1836 ; died 1859. 

Hon. William Pennington — son; admitted 4th July, 
1859; Governor of New Jersey 
1837 to 1844 ; appointed by Pre- 
sident Taylor, Governor of Minne- 
sota, but declined; Member of 
Congress from New Jersey, and 
Speaker 1859 to 1861 ; Assistant- 
Treasurer of the Society 1833 to 
1839; died 16th February, 1862. 

William Sanford Pennington — grandson; admitted 
4th Julyj 1865 ; Secretary of the 
U. S. Legation to France 1861 to 
1865. 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN PHILLIPS ; died 1801. 
Horatio Gates Phillips — son; admitted 4th July, 
1806; died 1860. 

Jonathan Dickinson Phillips — grandson; admitted 
4th July, 1860. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 43 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM PIATT; killed in St. Clair's 
defeat, 4tli November, 1791. 

BEEVET CAPTAIN JACOB PIATT; admitted 5th 
July, 1785 ; Judge and Justice in 
Kentucky; deceased. 

John ' Jay Plume ; transferred from the New York 
Society 4th July, 1827 ; Major in 
the MiUtia ; Secretary of the Soci- 
ety 1830 to 1833. 

CAPTAIN JOHN POLHEMUS ; admitted 4th July, 
1786; deceased. 

John Hart Polhemus — grandson; son of Richard 
Montgomery Polhemus ; admit- 
ted 4th July, 1860. 

MAJOR SAMUEL READING; Colonel in the Mih- 
tia; deceased. 

ENSIGN JOHN READ; deceased. 

LIEUTENANT ANTHONY RECKLESS ; admitted 
4th July, 1787; died 1817. 

Joseph Warren Reckless — son; admitted 4th July, 
1818; Assistant-Treasurer of the 
Society 1829 to 1833; Treasurer 
1833 to 1838; died 1849. 

BREVET CAPTAIN JOHN REED; Captain U. S. 
army ; killed at St. Clair's defeat, 
4th November, 1791. 

BREVET CAPTAIN JOHN REUCASTLE; Cap- 
tain U. S. Army; died 1808. 



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44 THE CINCINNATI. 

BREVET CAPTAIN JONATHAN EHEA; Clerk 
of the Supreme Court of New 
Jersey ; Presidential Elector 1796 ; 
Quarter Master General of New 
Jersey ; died 1815. 

Richard I. Rhea — son; admitted 4tli July, 1816; 
died 1817. 

MAJOR JOHN ROSS; only son of Dr. Alexander 
Ross, Surgeon in the New Jersey 
Line; born 1762; studied medi- 
cine ; Colonel in the Militia ; Col- 
lector of the Revenue for the 
county of Burlington ; died 1796. 

Alexander Ross — son; admitted 4th July, 1807; 
died 1808. 

Clifford Stanmy Sims — great grandson ; son of John 
Clarke Sims and Emeline Marion 
Clark, the daughter of John Lard- 
ner Clark and Sophia Marion 
Ross, the daughter of Major John 
Ross; admitted 4th July, 1861; 
Assistant Pay Master U. S. Navy 
1862 ; Judge Advocate General of 
Arkansas 1864. 

Joseph Warren Scott — 5ow of SURGEON MOSES 
SCOTT ; admitted 4th July, 1825 ; 
Presidential Elector 1825; Vice 
President of the Society 1840 to 
1842; President since 1844; As- 
sistant Treasurer-General 1832 to 
1838 ; Treasurer-General since 
1838. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 45 

BEEVET CAPTAIN' SAMUEL SEELET; Briga. 
dier General in the Militia of 
Pennsylvania; deceased. 

COLONEL ISRAEL SHEEVE; in the Legislative 
Council ; Judge and Justice ; de- 
ceased. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN SHREVE; deceased. 

BEEVET CAPTAIN SAMUEL MOOEE SHUTE; 
MsQOT in the Militia; died 1817. 

Ekoch Shutb — brother," admitted 4th July, 1817; 
deceased. 

ISTiLiXAM Shiitb — nephew; son of Enoch Shbth; ad- 
mitted 4th July, 1826. 

BEEVET CAPTAIN WILLIAM SHUTE; Major 
U. S. Army ; Judge and Justice ; 
Vice President of the Society 1838 
to 1840; President 1840 to 1842; 
Vice President-General 1839 to 
1842^ died 1842. 

LIEUTENANTT JONATHAN SNOWDEN; Captain 
U» S. Army; deceased. • 

COLONEL OLIVER SPENCER; died 1811. 

Db. Oliver Hatfield Spencer — grandson; son of 
Robert Spencer; admitted 4th 
July, 1811; died 1824. 

BoyBiSRi Dayton Spencibr — great grandson; admitted 
4th July, 1836 ; Treasurer of the 
Society 1838 to 1854; died 1856. 



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46 THE CINCINNATI. 

LIEUTENANT MOSES SPEOWL; died 1820. 

DE. EBENEZEE STOCKTON, SUEGEON; trans- 
ferred from the New Hampshire 
Society 4th July, 1789 ; deceased. 

Egbert Stockton — sm; admitted 5th July, 1847. 

CAPTAIN JOHN STOTESBUEY ; transferred from 
the Pennsylvania Society 4th July, 
1793; deceased. 

BEEVET CAPTAIN WESSEL TENBEOOK 

STOUT; Colonel in theMihtia; 

died 1819. 
EiOHARD Montgomery Stout — sen; admitted 5th 

July, 1824 ; deceased. 
Wessel Tenbrook Stout — grandson; admitted 4th 

July, 1857; died 1862. 

BEEVET CAPTAIN ABEAHAM STOUT; de- 
ceased. 

LIEUTENANT COENELIUS SUYDAM; Captain 
U. S. Army; deceased. 

BEEVET CAPTAIN EDMUND DISNEY THO- 
MAS; died 1817. 

George Cumins Thomas — brother; admitted 4th July, 
1817 ; Vice President of the Soci- 
ety 1848 to 1861 ; died 1861. 
Provoost Thomas — nephew; son of George C. 
Thomas ; admitted 4th July, 1863* 

'ENANT WILLIAM TUTTLE; died 1836. . 



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THE CINCINNATI. 47 

DK. JOHN FRANCIS VACHER, SURGEON; 

transferred from the New York 
Society 5th July, 1802 ; died 1807. 

BREVET CAPTAIN GEORGE WALKER; de- 
ceased. 

Aakon T. Walkek — brother; admitted 4th July, 
1842 ; died 1849. 

CAPTAIN ABEL WETMAN; died 1788. 

LIEUTENANT COLONEL ANTHONY WALTON 
WHITE; Brigadier General in 
the Provisional Army of U. S^ 
1798; Surrogate of Middlesex; 
Adjutant General of New Jersey; 
died 10th February, 1803. 

BREVET CAPTAIN EPHRAIM WHITELOCK; 

Major in the Militia; died 1826. 
William Whitblock — sm ; admitted 4th July, 1827 ; 

died 1853. 



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48 THE CINCINNATI. 



. The following rule was adopted by the Society at 
its annual meeting, 4th July, 1860 : 

K any Honorary member heretofore elected, or 
hereafter to be elected, shall refuse or neglect to attend 
two successive annual meetings of the Society, and no 
satisfactory reason shaU be assigned for the same, sncTi 
reftisal or neglect shall be construed to be, ipso facto, 
a resignation of his membership, and the Society may 
thereupon, according to the rules, proceed to elect 
some other in his place. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 49 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



Captain Charles S. Boggs ; elected 4th July, 1863 ; 
Captain U. S. Navy. 

Hon. Elias Boudinot ; elected 23d September, 1783 ; 
born at Philadelphia 2d May, 1740; studied 
Law; Member .of Congress 1777 to 1778, and 
1781 to 1784; Speaker of Congress 1782; Com- 
missary General of Prisoners during the Revo- 
lution ; in Congress six years after the adoption 
of the Constitution ; Director of the Mint of the 
United States ; Trustee of the College of New 
Jersey ; died 1824. 

Hon. Jacob Burnet, of Ohio ; elected 4th July, 1806 ; 
resigned 4th July, 1808, on becoming an here- 
ditary member. 

Thomas Cadwallader; elected 4th July, 1851 ; Adju- 
tant General of Is'ew Jersey. 

Hon. Lewis Condict; elected 4th July, 1828; born 
1773; studied medicine; in the Legislature 
1805 to 1810 ; Speaker 1809 to 1810 ; Member 
of Congress 1811 to 1817, and 1821 to 1833 ; 
Presidential Elector 1841 ; died 1862. 

Philemon Dickenson ; elected 4th July, 1856. 

7 



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50 THE CINCINNATI. 

Hon. Mahlon Dickerson; elected 4th July, 1833; 
born 1769; graduated at Princeton 1789; stu- 
died Law ; removed to Pennsylvania ; Recorder 
of Philadelphia; Quarter Master General of 
Pennsylvania ; returned to New Jersey ; in the 
Legislature; Judge of the Supreme Court; 
Governor of New Jersey 1815 to 1817 ; U. S. 
Senator 1817 to 1834; TJ. S. Minister to Russia 
1834; Secretary of the Navy 1834 to 1838; 
died 5th October, 1853. 

Hon. Charles Ewing ; elected 4th July, 1828 ; born 
1780; graduated at Princeton 1798; studied 
Law ; Chief Justice of New Jersey 1824 ; died 
5th August, 1832. 

Hon. Frederick Frelinghuysen ; elected 24th Sep- 
tember, 1783 ; born 13th April, 1753 ; graduated 
at Princeton 1770; studied Law; in both 
houses of the Legislature ; Captain of Volunteer 
Corps of Artillery in the battles of Trenton 
and Monmouth, at the former of which he is 
said to have killed Rhalle the Hessian com- 
mander; Colonel in the Militia during the 
Revolution ; Member of Congress 1778 to 1779, 
and 1782 to 1783 ; U. S. Senator 1793 to 1796, 
when he resigned; Major General in the MiU- 
tia ; Trustee of the College of New Jersey ; died 
13th April, 1804. 

Hon. Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen; elected 
4th July, 1863 ; son of Hon. Theodore Freling- 
huysen; Attorney General of New Jersey; 
resigned. 



\ 
\ 



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THE CINCINNATI. 51 

Hon. Theodore Frblinghutsen ; elected 4th July, 
1828; born 28tli March, 1787; son of Hon. 
Frederick Frelinghuysen ; graduated at Prince- 
ton 1804; studied Law; Attorney General of 
New Jersey 1818 to 1829; U. S. Senator 1829 
to 1835 ; Chancellor of the University of New 
York 1835 to 1850; President of Rutgers Col- 
lege 1850 to his death, 12th April, 1862. 

Brigadier General David Furman; elected 23d 
September, 1783 ; resigned 4th July, 1787, on 
being received as an original member. 

Hon. Thomas Henderson; elected 24th September, 
1783; graduated at Princeton 1761; Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas ; Member of Con- 
gress 177£i to 1780, and 1795 to 1797 ; Presi- 
dential Elector 1792; Lieutenant Colonel in 
the MiUtia; Lieutenant Governor of New 
Jersey; dead. 

Hon. Robert Lettice Hooper ; elected 24th September, 
1783 ; Commissary in the Army of the Revolu- 
tion ; Vice President of New Jersey ; dead. 

Hon. William Livingston; elected 23d September, 
1783 ; Member of Congress 1774 to 1776 ; in 
the Federal Convention 1787; Governor of 
New Jersey from September, 1776, to his death 
25th July, 1790. 

Hon. William Pennington ; elected 4th July, 1831 ; 
resigned 4th July, 1859, on becoming an 
hereditary member. 



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52 THE CINCINNATI. 

Aaron S. Pennington; elected 4th July, 1859. 

Hon. Samuel L. Southard; elected 4tli July, 1833; 
born 1787 ; graduated at Princeton 1804 ; stu- 
died Law; Judge of the Supreme Court 1815 ; 
Presidential Elector 1821 ; U. S. Senator 1821 to • 
1823; Secretary of the Navy 1823 to 1830; At- 
torney General of if ew Jersey 1830 ; Governor 
of New Jersey 1832 to 1833 ; U. S. Senator 
1833 to 1842; President of the U. S. Senate 
1841 ; died 26th June, 1842. 

Kev. Charles S. Stewart ; elected 5th July, 1847 ; 
Chaplain U. S. Navy; resigned. 

Hon. Garret D. Wall ; elected 4th July, 1828 ; born 
1783; studied Law; Clerk of the Supreme 
Court 1812 to 1817 ; commanded a Volunteer 
Company in defence of Sandy Hook 1812; 
Quarter Master General of New Jersey 1815 to 
1837; in the Legislature 1827; U. S. Attorney 
for New Jersey 1829 ; elected Governor of New 
Jersey in 1829, but declined; U. S. Senator 
1835 to 1841 ; Judge of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals 1848 ; died 22d November, 1850. 

Hon. Isaac H. Williamson ; elected 4th July, 1842 ; 
Governor of .New Jersey 1817 to 1829 ; dead. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 53 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCIN- 
NATI OF NEW JERSEY. 





Presidents. 


Elbctbi 

1783. 


Elias Dayton. 


1808. 


Joseph Bloomfield. 


1824. 


AA.RON Ogden. 


1839. 


Ebenezer Elmer. 


1840. 


William Shutb. 


1842. 


Ebenezer Elmer. 


1844. 


Joseph Warren Scott 



Vice Presidents. 

Elected. 

1783. Jonathan Forman. 
1783. David Brearly. 
1791. David Furman. 
1793. Joseph Bloomfield. 
1808. John Noble Gumming. 
1822. Jeremiah Ballard. 
1824. Ebenezer Elmer. 
1838. William Shute. 
1840. Joseph Warren Scott. 
1842. William C. De Hart. 
1848. GrEORGE C. Thomas. 
1862. Lucius Q. 0. Elmer. 



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54 THE CINCINNATI. 

Secretaries. 

EUEOTXD. * 

1783. Eev. Andrew Hunter. 

1790. Eev. Jas. Francis Armstrong. 

1797. Rev. Andrew Hunter. 

1811. GrEORGB ClINTON BaRBBR. 

1829. Rev. Phillip Cortlandt Hay. 

1830. John Jay Plume. 
1833. R. H. Gumming. 
1850. Rev. Luther Halsey. 
1852. Francis Barber. 
1857. William B. Buck. 



Treasurers. 

Elboted. 

1783. Richard Cox. 

1811. Erkurius Beatty. 

1823. John Beatty. 

1826. Ebenezer Elmer. 

1829. Robert Livingstone Armstrong. 

1823. J. W. Reckless. 

1838. Robert D. Spencer. 

1854. John McDowell. 



Assistant- Treasurers. 

Elboted. 

1783. Ebenezer Elmer. 
1826. Robert Livingstone Armstrong. 
1829. J. W. Reckless. 
' 1833. William Pennington. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 55 



BYE LAWS OF THE SOCIETY OF THE CIN- 
CIKSTATI OF NEW JERSEY. 



First. The Society shall hold an annual meeting on 
the fourth day of July, unless that day shall fall on 
Sunday, in which case the meeting shall be held on 
the day following. 

Second. Nine members of the Society shall be 
necessary to constitute a quorum. 

Third. The officers of the Society shall be a Presi- 
dent, a Vice President, a Secretary, and a Treasurer, 
and they shall be elected by ballot at each annual 
meeting, and they with seven members of the Society 
to be elected in the same manner and at the same 
time, shall constitute the Standing Committee. 

Fourth. At each annual meeting there shall be 
elected by ballot, five delegates to represent the Society 
in any meetings of the General Society which may be 
held during the ensuing year. 

Fifth. The President, and in his absence the Vice 
President, shall preside at all meetings of the Society, • 
and shall preserve order in the course of proceedings, 
according to the parliamentary rules of deliberative 
assemblies. 

Sixth. The Secretary shall have custody of the 
books and papers of the Society, and shall record the 
minutes of all meetings in a fair and legible hand. 



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56 THE CINCINNATI. 

Seventh. The Treasurer shall receive all moneys 
T)elonging to the Society, either as interest on the 
permanent fund or from other sources, and shall keep 
regular accounts, which at the annual meeting will be 
inspected by the Standing Committee. 

Eighth. It shall be the duty of the Standing Com- 
mittee to take charge of the general concerns of the 
Society, and of such matters as may be specially 
entrusted to them, to examine all claims, and if just 
authorize their payment, and to recommend donations 
to the famiUes of deceased members, in such cases as 
they shall judge worthy of relief. 

Ninth. The Secretary shall note in the book pro- 
vided for that purpose, the dates of the deaths of 
members ; the names of their successors, with the dates 
of their admissions; the various National, State, or 
Society offices which any member mlay fill ; and such 
other memoranda as may be proper. 

Tenth. The members of the Society shall be con- 
sidered as bound in honor to keep secret any matter 
offered in debate, or any individual opinion expressed re- 
specting the admission, election, or expulsion of members. 

Eleventh. At the annual meetings, the Declaration 
of Independence shall be read, and an appropriate 
oration delivered. 

Twelfth. No bye law or rule fehall be altered or 
repealed unless such change shall have been proposed 
at one annual meeting and agreed to at the next; but 
the Society by an unanimous vote may in peculiar or 
extraordinary circumstances suspend the operation of 
any bye law or rule. 

Thirteenth. At each annual meeting the Society 
shall appoint the place at which the next annual 
meeting will be held. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 57 

Fourteenth. All investments of the funds of the 
Society, which shall be in the securities of the United 
States or of one of the said States, shall be in the 
names of three trustees, and the survivors of them, as 
joint tenants. Whenever a vacancy shall occur in the 
office of either of such trustees the place shall be filled 
by the Society at its next annual meeting; but if at any 
time there arise two vacancies it shall be the duty of the 
Standing Committee forthwith to fill the same, which 
appointments shall be valid until others be appointed 
by the Society. 

Fifteenth. The Standing Committee shall have 
power from time to time, with the concurrence of the 
trustees, to call in any of the moneys belonging to the 
Society, and to invest the same, and to change the 
investments of the funds of the Society. 

Sixteenth. The Standing Committee shall have 
power to appoint proper persons to fill any offices or 
places which shall become vacant by death, resignation 
or otherwise ; such appointments to continue until the 
office or place be filled by the Society at an annual 
meeting; and all officers, delegates, trustees, and 
members of committees, shall continue in their 
respective authorities until other appointments are 
made in their stead. 

Seventeenth. Extraordinary meetings may be called 
by the President, or in case of his death, absence or 
inability to act, by the Vice President. 

Eighteenth. The ancient customs of the Society 
shall remain unimpaired. 



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58 THE CINCINNATI. 

At the annual meeting of the Society, 4th July, 
1798, " Colonel Ogden, General Bloomfield, and 
General Giles, were appointed a committee to pre- 
pare a draft of an address to the President of the 
United States, expressive of our entire approbation of 
his firm and wise administration, and our unshaken 
resolution to support with our persons and property 
every constitutional measure of our country." 

The Committee appointed reported a draft which 
being considered and amended was unanimously 
agreed .to and adopted,, and was as follows : 

" To John Adams, 

President of the United States. 

The members of the Society of the Cincinnati of 
New Jersey this day convened at their annual ijieeting, 
for the purposes of perpetuating their friendships, and 
of commemorating together the great events which 
gave Independence to the United States, do now beg 
leave in common with ' our fellow citizens to address 
our chief rtiagistrate, for the purpose of expressing our 
entire satisfaction with his administration of the 
government, and in particular as it relates to the 
injuries and insults which have been received from the 
French Republic, as also of making assurance of our 
readiness again to take the field in obedience to any 
call of our country, in vindication of its national honor, 
and in support of that Independence, for the esta- 
blishment of which, we patiently endured the toils, 
hardships and dangers, of an eight years' war. 

Whilst we contemplate another and perhaps more 
arduous struggle for the Independence of our country, 
we are too sensible of its cost and value, not to be 



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THE CINCINNATI. 59 

willing again and again, to put our lives and all we 
hold dear on earth, at the hazard, and should our 
country, by reason of intestine divisions (which we 
trust are vainly counted upon), fail in asserting her 
national rights against the aggressions of that ambitious 
and haughty nation, which in pursuit of her objects, 
sets at defiance all laws human and divine, we shall 
consider that all our labors and victories past, shall 
have been in vain, and that the Independence, which 
we are this day celebrating, will, instead of being a 
blessing to us, only show our folly in assuming rights 
we had not the spirit to defend. 

Under these solemn impressions, we pray you, Sir, 
to place the utmost reliance on the sincerity of our 
declaration, when we profess our readiness to offer on 
the altar of our country, whatever services may be 
derived from that knowledge and experience in military 
affairs, acquired by us during the Revolutionary war, 
and which yet remains after the deaths of so many of 
our companions in arms : and we trust. Sir, that new 
and still more glorious victories are in store for us, 
when we shall have rallied at the voice of our country, 
under that renowned veteran and beloved chief, who 
in times which tried men's souls, victoriously conducted 
us to peace and safety, and whose appointment, this 
day announced, fills our hearts with the most enthusi- 
astic joy and transport. 

By unanimous order of the Society. 

Elias Dayton, President. 
Attest. 

Andrew Hunter, Secretary" 

On motion 

" Resolved^ That the President do sign the said 
address, and that it be attested by the Secretary, and 



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60 THE CINCINNATI. 

that the President, Major General Bloomfield, 
Brigadier General Beatty, Brigadier General 
Giles, and the Eev. Mr, Armstrong, be a committee 
to present the same." 

^^ Resolved also. That the members of the Society 
who can make it convenient to accompany the com- 
mittee, be invited to attend.'^ 

At the annual meeting of the Society, 5th July, 
1799, " the President reported that the committee 
appointed for that purpose, presented the address of 
this Society to the President of the United States, and 
that the following answer was returned, viz : " 

" To the -members of the Society of the Cincinnati 
in the State of New Jersey. 

Gentlemen: I thank you for this address. It was 
impossible for you to assemble on the fourth of July, 
for the purpose of perpetuating your friendships and 
commemorating together the great events, which gave 
Independence to these United States, without feeling 
the deep impression of the present state of the nation, 
and the interesting prospect before it. 

The entire satisfaction of your Society with my 
administration of the Government, and in particular as 
it relates to the injuries and insults that have been 
received from the French Republic, is very dear to 
me ; the assurance of your readiness again to take the 
field in obedience to the call of your country, in 
vindication of its national honor, and in support of 
that sovereignty, for the establishment of which, you 
patiently endured the toils, hardships and dangers of 
an eight years' war, is very satisfactory to me. 

B duration and severity of that future struggle 
liave in contemplation, will depend in some 
ire upon the powers of Europe. If a combina- 



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THE CINCINNATI- gl 

tion should be formed, to arrest the progress of the 
most dangerous and destructive power that ever 
threatened the liberties of Europe, your exertions may 
be less distressing; but, if the principal remaining 
barrier to French tyranny should be broken down, 
America must prepare for a severer trial than she ever 
experienced. If Americans are capable of intestine 
divisions which can assist such an enemy, in such a 
cause, all our past lives and labors have been in vain. 
I hope and believe better things of my countrymen, 
and place the utmost reliance on the sincerity of your 
declaration, when you offer on the altar of your 
country the services which may be derived from that 
knowledge and experience in military affairs, acquired 
by you, in the last war. 

May new and still more glorious victories, if 
necessary for the rights of your country and mankind, 
be still in store for you, under that renowned veteran 
and beloved chief, whose appointment could not fail 
to fill your hearts with the most enthusiatic joy and 
transport." 

John Adams. 

Philadelphia^ July Gth^ 1798, 



At the annual meeting 4th July, 1800, the Society 
directed the following testimonial to the memory of 
Washington to be entered on the minutes : 

Under the most profound impression of veneration 
and affection, the Society of the Cincinnati, at a 
general meeting, are called upon to express the 
mournful tribute of their sorrow, at that awful dis- 
pensation of Providence, which has recently removed 



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62 THE CINCINNATI. 

from their councils, their much revered and lamented 
President-General. 

The arduous, though successful struggle which 
terminated in establishing the liberties of our country, 
and in which they fought under his banners, and 
shared with him the dangers and toils of the field, 
attached him to this Society by ties, of the most 
intimate and endearing nature. His valor and prudence 
seemed to control the events of war, led the American 
armies to victory, and achieved the Independence of 
their country. Whilst mingling their tears with those 
of their fellow citizens, they are naturally impelled to 
pour out the effusions of a deeper regret, for the 
irreparable loss which they have sustained. 

But it is not only in their relationship to this illus- 
trious character, as soldiers, that the Society of the 
Cincinnati have cause to deplore his loss. 

When the storm of war had ceased to rage, and the 
blessings of peace had been restored, their country 
was suffering under the weakness of a confederation, 
which threatened the existence of that union, which 
their joint efforts in arms had so essentially contributed 
to establish. 

With his auspicious cooperation, a constitution was 
formed, calculated by its wisdom and energy, to 
redeem us from that prostrate state, to which we had 
been reduced, and to restore that reputation which 
our country had lost, from the imbecility of the old 
system. The administration of the government was 
committed to his care, and his country will ever hold 
in grateful remembrance, the inflexible virtue and 
fortitude, with which he conducted its affairs, and 
saved it from the effects of domestic faction and 
foreign intrigue. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 63 

After a second retirement from the active scenes of 
public life, in which his merits as a statesman, rivalled 
his fame as a soldier, his country at the approach of 
danger, again required his services. The crisis was 
important, and the situation delicate : — A nation which 
had mingled its blood with ours, in the defence of our 
liberties, had now assumed a hostile appearance ; a 
war from this unexpected quarter threatened the peace 
of our country. 

Washington, who never hesitated when urged by a 
sense of duty, obeyed the call of the government. 
He again abandoned his beloved retirement, hazarded 
a reputation, consummate in every point of view, and 
assumed the command of the armies. His military 
companions who had frequently witnessed the magna- 
nimity of his couduct in seasons of adversity, as well 
as of triumph, felt the full force of their country's 
appeal to arms, whilst Washington was their leader. 

In this momentous crisis of our affairs, by the 
inscrutable decrees of Heaven, he was snatched from 
America and the world. 

Under this pressure of calamity, which more pecu- 
liarly operates upon the sensibilities of this Society, 
their only consolation is derived from the animating ' 
reflection, that although he is summoned to the enjoy- 
ment of the happy destinies of a future state, the bright 
example of his virtues and talents will still survive, 
and the inheritance of his name prove a future incentive 
to heroes and legislatures, who will strive to emulate 
his fame, and merit the glory he has acquired. 



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64 THE CINCINNATI. 



AMOUNT OF ONE MONTH'S PAT 

Of their Several Grades Contributed by the Original Mem- 
bers of the Society of the Cincinnati. 

Army — Major Generals, $180 and $166 respect- 
ively ; Brigadier Generals, $125 ; Colonels and Lieu- 
tenant Colonels commanding Artillery, $100; Cavalry, 
$93,67; Infantry, $75; Lieutenant Colonels, $60 
Majors, Artillery and Cavalry, $62.45 ; Infantry, $50 
Captains, Artillery and Cavalry, $50 ; Infantry, $40 
Captain-Lieutenants and Lieutenants, Artillery, $33.30 
Infantry, $26.60; Chaplains, $75; Surgeons, $59 
Surgeon's Mates, $46. 

Navy — Captains, $60 ; Lieutenants, $30. 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE SOCIETY 
OF THE CINCINNATI OF NEW JERSEY. 

The funds of the Society, amounting to thirteen 
thousand five hundred dollars, are invested in United 
States "Five Twenty" Bonds. 

Since the formation of the Society, there has been 
expended, for printing, expenses of the annual meet- 
ings, certificates, etc., the sum of eleven thousand 
eight hundred and twenty-one dollars and twenty- 
eight cents ; and for benevolent purposes, the sum of 
twenty-five thousand six hundred and twenty-nine 
dollars and thirty-one cents. 

John McDowell, Treasurer. 

July, 1866. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 66 



OFFICERS OF THE GENERAL SOCIETY OF 
THE CINCINNATI. 



Presidents- General. 

Bleotid. 

1783. George Washington. 

1800. Alexander Hamilton. 

1805. Chas. Cotesworth Pincenbt. 
I 1825. Thomas Pinckney. 

1829. Aaron Ogdbn. 

1839. Morgan Lewis. 
» 1844. William Popham. 

1848. Henry A. S. Dearborn. 

1854. Hamilton Fish. 



Vice Presidents- General. 

Elboted. 

1784. Horatio Gates, 
1787. Thomas Mifflin. 

1799. Alexander Hamilton. 

1800. Chas. Cotesworth Pincknbt. 
1805. Henry Knox. 

1811. John Brooks. 
1825. Aaron Ogden. 
1829. Morgan Lewis. 
1839. William Shuts. 
9 



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66 THE CINCINNATI. 

Vice Presidents- General — continued. 

Elected. 

1844. Horace Binnby. 
1848. Hamilton Fish. 
1854. Charles S. Daveis. 
1866. James W. Sever. 

Secretaries- General. 

Elected. 

1783. Henry Knox. 
1799. William Jackson. 

1829. Alexander W, Johnston. 
1857. Thomas McEuen, M.D. ' 

Assistant Secretaries-General. 

Elected. 

1784. Otho H. Williams. 
1787. George Turner. 
1790. William McPherson. 
1799. Nathan Dorsey. 
1802. William D. Bell. 

1811 

1825. John Markland. 
1829. Thomas McEuen. 
1857. George W. Harris. 

Trea^surers- General. 

Elected. 

1783. Alexander McDougal. 

1784 

1787 

1790 

1799. William McPherson. 
1825. Allan McLane. 
1832. John Markland. 
1838. Joseph Warren Scott. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 67 

Assistant Treasurers- General, 

Blzctbd. 

1825. Alexander W. Johnston. 
1829. John Marklakd. 
1832. Joseph "Warren Scott. 
1838. William Jackson. 
1851. John H. Markland. 
1863. John McDowell. 



At a meeting of the GeDeral Society, held in Phila- 
delphia 29th November, 1848, the Secretary-General, 
in conformity with the resolution of a previous meeting, 
requesting him to "collect from the minutes and 
proceedings of the Society, the different rules and 
regulations that have been from time to time adopted 
in regard to the election and tenure of members and 
officers," presented the following Report, which was 
adopted, and ordered to be printed for the use of 
members of the State Societies : 

" The Secretary-General reports : 

"That he has carefully examined all the minutes 
and proceedings of the Society in his possession, and 
respectfully submits the following as the result : 

" The Constitution, accepted by the Society in 1783, 
provides that the members shall consist of the officers 
of the American army, as well those who have resigned 
with honor, after three years' service in the capacity 
of officers, or who have been deranged by the resolu- 
tions of Congress, upon the several reforms of the 
Army, as those who shall have continued to the end 
of the war. Those officers who are foreigners, not 



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68 THE CINCINNATI. 

resident in any of the States, to have their names 
enrolled by the Secretary-General. And declares the 
Society shall endure as long as they endure, or any of 
their eldest male posterity, and in failure thereof, the 
collateral branches, who may be judged worthy of 
becoming its supporters and members. 

" This last provision is extended in like manner to 
the descendants of such officers as had died in the 
service. 

" The admission of honorary members for their own 
lives only^ is also provided for by the constitution ; but 
they are not to exceed in number, in each State, a ratio 
of one to four of the officers or their descendants. 

" The same instrument directs, that " in the General 
Meeting, the President, Vice President, Secretary, 
Assistant Secretary, Treasurer, and Assistant Trea- 
surer-General, shall be chosen to serve until next 
meeting." 

" At the first General Meeting of the Society, held 
on 4th May, 1784, and continued by adjournment 
until 18th of said month, it was unanimously resolved, 
" That the manner of voting be by the representation 
of each State Society." Subsequently, at said meeting, 
material alterations in the constitution were agreed to, 
affiscting {inter alia) the election and tenure of members 
and officers. These alterations, however, never re- 
ceived the sanction of the State Societies, as appears 
by the unanimous adoption, in General Meeting, in 
May, 1800, of the following report of a committee 
appointed to examine the records of the Society, and 
report to said meeting the state of the Institution, viz : 

"That the Institution of the Society of the Cin- 
cinnati remains as ' it was originally proposed and 
adopted by the officers of the American Army, at 



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THU CINCINNATI. QQ 

their cantonments on the banks of the Hudson, in 
1783." 

" Since the reacknowledgment of the original 
Institution, the Secretary-General finds nothing touch- 
ing the election or tenure of members, except the 
following, extracted from the minutes of a General 
Meeting, held 4th May, 1829, viz : 

" A question having arisen, whether in case of the 
death of a member having no male issue except a 
grandson, the issue of a daughter, such grandchild 
shall be preferred to collaterals. The Society conceives 
the true construction of the constitution to be, that 
the grandchild shall be preferred, he being in the 
direct line of descent." 

" And in relation to the officers of the Society, he 
finds that since the substitution of special for stated 
Triennial Meetings, the officers have been chosen for 
three years, and thenceforward until a new election 
takes place." 

A. W. Johnston, Secretary- General 



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70 THE CINCINNATI. 



A LIST OF THE OFFICERS OF THE NEW JER- 
SEY LINE FROM 1775 TO 1783 INCLUSIVE. 



This list is incomplete : ofllcers marked thus f were original mem- 
bers of, or were represented in, the Society of the Cincinnati of New 
Jersey. 

Ephraim Anderson; Adjutant 2d; Captain 2d; 
killed in battle. 

t James Anderson ; Lieutenant. 

John Anderson ; Captain 4tli. 

Joseph Anderson ; Captain 3d. 

William Anderson; Lieutenant. 

t Abraham Appleton; Surgeon's Mate 2d; Lieu- 
tenant 2d ; Captain by brevet. 

Francis Baker ; Colonel, 
t Daniel Baldwin; Captain Ist; wounded, 
t Jeremiah Ballard ; Captain 3d ; wounded, 
t Francis Barber; Major 3d; Lieutenant Colonel 
3d ; wounded ; killed accidentally. 
William Barber ; Major and A. D. C. ; wounded, 
t William Barnbt ; Surgeon Ist. 
t William Barton ; Lieutenant Ist; Captain. 
William Beach ; Lieutenant. 
t John Bishop ; Ensign 1st ; Lieutenant. 

Black ; Captain. 

t John Blair ; Lieutenant 3d ; Captain by brevet. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 71 

Jarvis Bloompibld ; Lieutenant 3d ; wounded. 

t Joseph Bloomfield; Captain 3d; Major 3d; 
wounded. 

William Bond ; Captain 4th. 

t Absalom Bonham; Lieutenant 1st; Captain by 
brevet. 

t James BoNNEL ; Lieutenant; Captain. 

t Nathaniel Bowman; Captain 2d; Major by 
brevet. 

t Seth Bowen ; Lieutenant Artillery. 

t David Brearly ; Lieutenant Colonel 4th. 

Joseph Brearly ; Captain 2d. 

James Broderick ; Captain. 

t Almarine Brooks ; Lieutenant. 

t Jeremiah Bruen ; Major. 

Thomas Buchanan ; Captain 1st. 

t Joseph Buck ; Lieutenant 2d ; Captain by brevet. 

William Bull ; Lieutenant. 

William Burnel ; Surgeon. 

John Burhance ; Ensign 3d. 

JosiAH Burnett ; Ensign. 

t William Burnet ; Surgeon General. 

t Eden Burrows ; Lieutenant 1st ; Captain by 
brevet. 

t John Burrows ; Captain; Major. 

James Caldwell ; Chaplain 3d ; killed in battle, 
t George Campbell ; Surgeon. 
t Jabez Campfield ; Surgeon. 
John Cape; Lieutenant. 
Thomas Clark ; Lieutenant Artillery. 
Alexander Clough; Adjutant 1st; Major; killed 
in battle. 
William Colfax; Captain. 



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72 THE CINCINNATI. 

Thomas Oombs ; Captain. 

t John Conway; Captain 1st; Lieutenant Colonel 
1st; wounded. 

t Samuel Conn; Lieutenant 2d; Captain by brevet 

Lewis Johnston Costigin ; Lieutenant 1st. 

t Richard Cox; Captain 3d; Brigade Major and 
Inspector. 

JoflN CozENO ; Captain. 

William Crane ; Lieutenant; wounded. 

John Craig ; Captain. 

t John Koble Cumming; Captain 2d; Major 2d; 
Colonel. 

Archibald Dallas ; Captain 4th ; killed in battle. 

fEpHRAiM Darby; Quartermaster 4tli; Quarter- 
master 3d ; Captain by brevet. 

t Elias Dayton ; Colonel 8d ; Brigadier General. 

t Jonathan Dayton; Paymaster 3d; Captain 3d; 
prisoner of war. 

James Db Camp ; Ensign 3d. 

t Cyrus De Hart ; Captain ; Lieutenant 1st ; Pay- 
master 1st; Captain. 

William Db Hart ; Major 1st; Lieutenant Colonel 
1st; Lieutenant Colonel 2d. 

Daniel Denniston ; Lieutenant. 

Peter Dickbrson ; Captain 3d. 

James Dillon ; Captain 2d. 

t John Doughty ; Captain Artillery. 

Francis DucLos ; Lieutenant; prisoner of war. 

t Lewis Dunham ; Surgeon 3d. 

fEBENEZER Elmer; Lieutenant 3d; Surgeon's 
Mate 2d; Surgeon 2d. 
t Eli Elmer ; Lieutenant Artillery. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 73 

t Moses Elmer ; Surgeon's Mate 2d. 

Benjamin Esdel ; Ensign. 

Richard Esdel ; Captain ; Lieutenant. 

t Peter Falkner ; Lieutenant. 
William Falkner ; Captain 2d. 
John Flahaven ; Captain ; prisoner of war. 
Samuel Flanagan ; Captain 3d. 
t Chilion Ford ; Lieutenant Artillery, 
t Mahlon Ford ; Captain by brevet, 
t Jonathan Forman; Captain 4th; Captain 1st; 
Lieutenant Colonel. 
John Forman ; Captain 1st. 
Henry Fries ; Lieutenant ; prisoner of war. 
Frederick Frelinghuysbn ; Captain Artillery, 
t David Furman ; Colonel. 

John Geary ; Ensign 1st. 
Finch Geldersleeve ; Ensign. 
William Gifford ; Captain 3d. 
t James Giles ; Lieutenant Artillery. 

t Luther Halsey ; Adjutant 2d ; Captain by brevet. 
Matthias Halstead ; Quartermaster 1st 
John Hammett; Lieutenant, 
t Jacob Harris ; Surgeon's Mate 4th ; Surgeon. 
Thomas Hays; Lieutenant; killed in battle. 
t James Heard ; Captain, 
t John Heard ; Captain. 

t "William Helms ; Captain 2d; Major by brevet. 
Garretson Hendrickson ; Lieutenant. 
t Samuel Hendry ; Captain 2d. 
Cornelius Hennion; Lieutenant; wounded, 
t John HoLLiNSHEAD ; Captain 2d; Major. 
James Holmes ; Surgeon 2d. 
10 



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74 THE CINCINNATI. 

t Jonathan Holmes ; Lieutenant 2d ; Captain ; pri- 
soner of war. 

James Holmes ; Captain 4th. 

t John Holmes; Captain; Lieutenant 1st; Captain 
1st 

William Holmes; Captain 2d. 

Levi Holden ; Captain. 

t John Hopper ; Lieutenant 

Benjamin Horn ; Lieutenant 3d. 

t John Howell; Lieutenant 1st; Captain. 

Silas Howell ; Captain Ist 

t EicHARD Howell ; Captain 2d ; Major 2d. 

Lewis Howell ; Surgeon 2d. 

Samuel Hugg ; Captain Artillery. 

t Andrew Hunter; Brigade Chaplain; prisoner 
of war. 

JohnHutchin; Lieutenant; prisoner of war. 

James Hurley; Lieutenant; killed in battle. 

t Jacob Hyer ; Lieutenant. 

William Eugene Ljilay; Captain 3d. 

James Johnson ; Ensign. 
Philip Johnson ; ColoneL 
Seth Johnson ; Captain 3d. 
Nathaniel Jenkins ; Lieutenant 2d. 

t William Kersey; Lieutenant 3d; Captain by 
brevet 
Joseph King; Adjutant 4th. 
t John Kinney; Captain by brevet 
Jonathan Kinsey; Captain 4th. 
David Kirkpatrick; Ensign, 
t Shepard Kollock ; Captain by brevet 



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THE CINCINNATI. 75 

fDERiOK Lake; Lieutenant 2d ; Quartennaster 2d; 
Captain. 

Jambs La wrie; Captain 2d; prisoner of war; died 
in prison. 

t Nathaniel Leonard; Captain; Lieutenant 8d; 
Captain. 

AsherLbvi; Ensign 1st. 

Bateman Lloyd; Captain 3d; prisoner of war. 

t Richard Lloyd. 

Elias LoNGSTREET ; Captain Ist; prisoner of war. 

Ephraim Loring ; Surgeon's Mate 8d. 

Joseph Lindsay ; Captain. 

Peter Lott; Lieutenant 1st; Quartermaster Ist 

t Francis Luce ; Lieutenant 

Abraham Lyon ; Captain 4th. 

t Absalom Martin; Paymaster 4th; Lieutenant 
1st; Captain; wounded. 
Ephraim Martin ; Colonel 4th; wounded. 
William Maxwell ; Colonel 2d; Brigadier GeneraL 
Anthony Maxwell ; Ensign. 
John Mason ; Chaplain. 
John McEwen ; Ensign. 
George McParland ; Ensign. 
Andrew McMiRES ; Captain 1st; killed in battle. 
Joseph Meeker ; Captain 1st. 
UzAL Meeker ; Ensign. 
t Giles Mead ; Captain 1st. , 
John Mercer; Lieutenant; prisoner of war. 
f Alexander Mitchell ; Captain 1st. 

MoNNELL ; Lieutenant 

Isaac Morrison ; Captain ; wounded. 
Thomas Morrell ; Major 4th ; wounded. 
John Mott ; Captain 8d. 



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76 THE CINCINNATI. 

Joseph Morris ; Captain 1st; Major Ist; killed in 
battle. 

Samuel Nagleb ; Lieutenant 2d. 
Abraham ISTeely ; Captain. 

Daniel Neil ; Captain Lieutenant Artillery ; killed 
in battle. 
William Norcross ; Quartermaster 3d. 
George Norris ; Lieutenant. 

t Aaron Ogden; Paymaster Ist; Captain 1st; Bri- 
gade Major ; wounded. 

t Matthias Ogden ; Lieutenant Colonel 1st ; Colo- 
nel 1st; Brigadier General; prisoner of war; wounded. 

MoSES Ogden ; Lieutenant ; killed in battle. 

William Oliver ; Lieutenant. 

John Orr ; Lieutenant. 

Alexander Orr ; Lieutenant. 

fBENAJAH Osman; Quartermaster 2d; Captain by 
brevet ; prisoner of war. 

BoDO Otto; Surgeon. 

Silas Parrott ; Lieutenant Ist. 

Thomas Paterson ; Captain 3d. 

James Paul; Lieutenant 2d; prisoner of war; 
wounded. 

Samuel Paul ; Lieutenant 2d. 

H. Pawling ; Major. 

Jonathan Pearson ; Captain. 

t John Peck ; Paymaster 2d ; Captain by brevet. 

t Eobert Pemberton ; Lieutenant. 

t William Sanford Pennington ; Captain by bre- 
vet; wounded. 

Joseph Periam ; Quartermaster 1st. 



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THE CINCINNATI. 77 

t Jonathan Phillips ; Captain 2d. 
John Phillips; Ensign. ' 
t Jacob Piatt; Adjutant Ist; Captain 1st. 
t William Piatt ; Captain 1st. 
Daniel Piatt; Captain Ist; Major 1st. 
t John Polhemus ; Captain 1st. 
Samuel Potter ; Captain 3d. 

John Quay ; Lieutenant. 

t John Eead ; Ensign. 

t Samuel Ebading; Captain 2d; Major; prisoner 
of war. 

Thomas Eeading ; Captain 3d. 

t Anthony Reckless ; Lieutenant. 

t John Eeed ; Lieutenant 3d ; Captain by brevet 

Thomas Eeed ; Surgeon's Mate 3d. 

t John Eeucastle ; Lieutenant 3d ; Captain by bre- 
vet; wounded. 

t Jonathan Ehea ; Lieutenant 2d ; Captain by bre- 
vet. 

David Ehea; Major 2d; Lieutenant Colonel 2d. 

Aaron Ehea; Ensign 1st; wounded. 

John Berrien Eiker ; Surgeon 4th. 

EoBERT Eobertson ; Lieutenant ; wounded. 

James Eogers ; Lieutenant ; killed in battle. 

Eobert; Lieutenant. 

Alexander Eoss ; Surgeon. 

fJoHNEoss; Captain 3d; Major 3d; wounded. 

Thomas Eyerson ; Lieutenant ; prisoner of war. 

/ Nathaniel Salmon; Ensign. 

^ John Santford ; Captain. 

'\ William Schbnck ; Lieutenant. 

\ 



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78 THB CINCINNATI. 

Pbtbr Sears ; Lieutenant 

t Moses Scott ; Surgeon. 

John B. Scott ; Captain 2d. 

Samuel Shepherd ; Adjutant 3d. 

t Samuel Seeley ; Lieutenant 1st ; Captain by brevet 

Isaac Sherman ; Lieutenant Colonel 

Archibald Shaw ; Captain 2d. 

Anthony Sharp ; Captain 3d. 

t Samuel Shute ; Lieutenant 2d ; Captain by brevet 

t William Shute ; Paymaster 2d; Captain 2d. 

t John Shreve ; Lieutenant 2d. 

t Israel Shreve; Lieutenant Colonel 2d; Colonel 
2d; wounded. 

Buddell Shinn; Quartermaster 2d. 

Andrew Simpson ; Ensign. 

William Smith ; Lieutenant Colonel. 

t Jonathan Snowden; Lieutenant 1st ; wounded. 

t MosBS Sprowlb ; Lieutenant 

James Sprowle; Lieutenant; killed in batde. 

fOLivBR Spencer; Colonel 

John Sparks ; Captain. 

t Abraham Stout; Lieutenant 2d; Captain by 
brevet; prisoner of war; wounded. 

fWESSEL Tenbrook Stout; Lieutenant 8d; Oi^ 
tain by brevet; wounded. 

Joseph Stout; Captain 2d; killed in batde. 

Henry Stricker ; Ensign. 

John Stagg ; Ensign. 

The Earl OF Stirling; Colonel 1st; Majcwr General. 

t Cornelius Sydam ; Lieutenant 

Peter Tallman ; Ensign. 

t Edmund Disney Thomas; Lieutenant dd; Captain 
by brevet 



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THE CINCINNATI. 79 

Thompson; Captain Lieutenant; killed in 

battle. 
Nathan Tom ; Captain, 
t William Tuttlb; Lieutenant 

John Van Anglbn ; Captain. 

John Van Dyke ; Lieutenant Artillery. 

Peter Voorhebs ; Captain 1st ; killed in battle. 

Noadiah Wade ; Captain 4th. 

t George Walker; Lieutenant 2d; Captain by 
brevet 

Benjamin Wbatherby; Captain. 

Peter Welch ; Lieutenant 

John Westcott ; Captain Lieutenant Artillery. 

fABELWEYMAN; Captain Lieutenant 2d; Captain. 

t Anthony Walton White; Lieutenant Colonel 
3d; wounded. 

fEPHRAiM Whitlock; Lieutenant 1st; Adjutant 
1st; Captain by brevet 

Nathan Wilkerson ; Quartermaster 8d. 

William Winds; Colonel Ist 

James Witherspoon; Brigade Major; killed in 
battle* 

Ephraim Woodruff; Lieutenant 



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