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Full text of "Investigation of Communist activities in the Ohio area; testimony of Keve Bray. Hearing before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, first session. July 13, 1955. Including index"

HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




GIFT OF THE 

GOVERNMENT 
OF THE UNITED STATES 



U^^2>oc a. 



INVESTIGATION OF COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES 
IN THE OHIO AREA 

(TESTIMONY OF KEVE BRAY) 



HEARING 

BEFORE THE 

COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES 
HOUSE OF EEPEESENTATIYES 

EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGEESS 

FIRST SESSION 



JULY 13. 1955 



Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities 



INCLUDING INDEX 




UNITED STATES 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
66298 WASHINGTON : 1955 

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY 
DEPOSITED BY THE 



COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES 
United States House of Representatives 

FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania, Chahman 
MORGAN M MOULDER, Missouri HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois 

CLYDE DOYLE. California BERNARD W. KEARNEY New York 

iAME?B FRAZIER, Jr., Tennessee DONALD L. JACKSON, CaWornm 

EDWIN E. WILLIS. Louisiana GORDON H. SCHERER. Ohio 

Thomas W. Beale, Sr.. Chief Clerk 



II 



CONTENTS 



Pago 

July 13, 1955: Testimony of Keve Bray 1419 

Index i 



Public Law 601, 79th Congress 

The legislation under which the House Committee on Un-American 
Activities operates is Public Law 601, 79th Congress [1946], chapter 
753, 2d session, which provides: 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of (he United States 
of America in Congress assembled, * * * 

PART 2— RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Rule X 

SEC. 121. STANDING COMMITTEES 
******* 

17. Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine members. 

Rule XI 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMITTEES 
***** 4: 4c 

(q) (1) Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(A) Un-American activities. 

(2) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommit- 
tee, is authorized to make from time to time investigations of (i) the extent, 
character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, 
(ii) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propa- 
ganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attacks 
the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and 
(iii) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any necessary 
remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investi- 
gation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such 
times and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, 
has recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance 
of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and 
to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under 
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any 
member designated by any such chairman, and may be served by any person 
designated by any such chairman or member. 



RULES ADOPTED BY THE 84TH CONGRESS 

House Resolution 5, January 5, 1955 

******* 

Rule X 

STANDING COMMITTEES 

1. There shall be elected by the House, at the commencement of each Con 
ress, the following standing committees: 

******* 
(q) Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine members. 



* * * 



* 
Rule XI 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMITTEES 



17. Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(a) Un-American Activities. , , , u -4-*- 

(b) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommittee, 
is authorized to make from time to time, investigations of (^)^the extent char- 
acter and obiects of un-American propaganda activities in the United btates, 
(2) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American prop- 
aganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and 
attacks the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitu- 
tion, and (3) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress 
in any necessarv remedial legislation. ^ .l xi tt / +^ +i^^ 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to trie 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investi- 
gation together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or anv subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such times 
and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, has 
recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance 
of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and 
to take such testimonv, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under 
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any 
member designated by such chairman, and may be served by any person desig- 
nated by any such chairman or member. 



INVESTIGATION OF COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE 

OHIO AREA 

(Testimony of Keve Bray) 



WEDNESDAY, JULY 13, 1955 

United States House of Representatives, 

Subcommittee of the Committee 

ON Un-American Activities, 

Washington, D. C. 
PUBLIC hearing 

The subcommittee of the Committee on Un-American Activities 
met, pursuant to call, at 11:45 a. m., in the caucus room. Old House 
Office Building, Hon. Francis E. Walter (chairman) presiding. 

Committee members present: Representatives Francis E. Walter, 
Clyde Doyle, and James B. Frazier, Jr. 

Staff members present: Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., counsel. 

The Chairman. The subcommittee will be in order. 

Will you call your witness, Mr. Tavenner. 

Air. Tavenner. Mr. Bray, will you come forward, please. 

The Chairman. Will you raise jour right hand, please. 

Do yon swear the testimony you are about to give shall be the truth, 
the whole truth, and nothingbiit the truth, so help you God? 

Mr. Bray. I do. 

The Chairman. You may be seated. 

TESTIMONY OF KEVE BRAY 

Mr. Tavenner. What is your name, please, sir. 

Mr. Bray. Keve Bray, K-e-v-e B-r-a-y. 

Mr. Tavenner. It is noted that you are not accompanied by 
counsel. It is the practice of the committee to advise all witnesses 
that they are entitled to counsel if they so desire, or that they have 
the right to confer with counsel during tlie course of their testimony 
if they so desire. You understand that, do you not? 

Mr. Bray. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Bray, what other names have you been 
known by, other than the name of Keve Bray? 

Mr. Bray. I have not been known by, to my knowledge, any 
other name except Keve Bray. 

Mr. Tavenner. Have vou had nicknames from time to time? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. What are they? 

1419 



1420 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA ^ 

Mr. Bray. I don't know whether you would call them nicknames 
or not, but it has been spelled these various different ways: K-e-v-i-e, 
K-e-y-v-i-e, and various other ways. 

Mr. Tavenner. Have vou been known by the name of Kay, 

K-a-y? ^ , t^ V, 

Mr. Bray. I have not been known, to my knowledge, by that 
name. Somebody might call me Kay Bray, for example, but I 
don't recall the K-a-y. 

Mr. Tavenner. Have you been known by the name of Peter? 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Or by the name of Jap, J-a-p? 

Mr. Bray. Well, I haven't been known by that name, but when I 
was in junior high school that was the nickname that was given to 
me for a short period of time. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you at any time use the name of Kay or 
Peter? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall that I ever used that name. I am certam 
that I never used the name Peter. I don't recall having used the 
name. 

Mr. Tavenner. When and where were you born, Mr. Bray? 

Mr. Bray. I was born in Massillon, Ohio. 

Mr. Tavenner. What date? 

Mr. Bray. June 9, 1925. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where do you now reside? 

Mr. Bray. In Massillon. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat is your occupation or profession? 

Mr. Bray. Teacher. 

Mr. Tavenner. Are you a teacher in public schools? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will a'ou tell the committee, please, wliat your 
formal educational training has been? 

Mr. Bray. I graduated from the University of Colorado. 

Mr. Tavenner. What degree did you receive? 

Mr. Bray. B. A. degree, and some • 

Mr. Tavenner. Will vou give us the date? 

Mr. Bray. 1952. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where is the University of Colorado located, m 
what city? 

Mr. Bray. Boulder. 

Mr. Tavenner. Boulder, Colo. How many years did you attend 
the University of Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. About 2 years; 2 or 3 years. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did"^ you have any college work prior to going to 
the University of Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was that? 

Mr. Bray. I started to college at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. 

Mr. Tavenner. In what year? 

Mr. Bray. 1946. And I went to Arizona State College. 

Mr. Tavenner. How long were you at Miami University? 

Mr. Bray. About a year. 

Mr. Tavenner. From there vou went ■ 

Mr. Bray. To Arizona State College. That was about a semester. 

Mr. Tavenner. One semester in 1947? 



I 



COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES EST THE OHIO AREA 1421 

Mr. Bray. In 1947. From there to Colorado College about 1 year 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliere is Colorado College located? 

Mr. Bray. Colorado Springs. 

Mr. Tavenner. What year would that be, 1948 or 1947? 

Mr. Bray. 1948. 

And from there to the University of Colorado in 1949. 

Mr. Tavenner. Does that complete your educational traininp-? 

Mr. Bray. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you in the Armed Forces of the United 
States? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Tell the committee briefly over what period and 
in which branch of the Armed Forces you served. 

Mr. Bray. I went in the Navy in 1943 and served until 1946 about 
3 years. ' 

Mr. Tavenner. Then j'^ou entered Miami University almost at the 
time you returned from the service? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Prior to 1943, how were you employed? 

Mr. Bray. I went to elementary school. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where did you attend school? 

Mr. Bray. At Massillon High School, Massillon, Ohio. 

Mr. Tavenner. During the period you were with the University of 
Colorado, which was from 1947 to 1952, where did you reside? 

Mr. Bray. In the dormitories on the campus, and at Spruce Street 

Mr. Tavenner. Is Spruce Street off campus? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. I hved off the campus 

Mr. Tavenner. What was your address on Spruce Street*? 

Mr. Bray. I believe it was 1002. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you tell the committee when you first took 
up your residence at that address and when you left it? 

Mr. Bray. As far as I can remember, it was about in 1950 that I 
began to reside on Spruce Street, and I left there about 1952. 

Mr. Tavenner. Can you give the months of the year when you took 
up the address and terminated it? 

Mr. Bray. I cannot give the months. It wasn't important to me 
and I didn't remember it. 

Mr. Tavenner. Prior to your work at the University of Colorado 
were you at Miami Universitv at Oxford, Ohio'? ' 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where did you live at Oxford? 

Mr. Bray. I don't remember the number, but I lived on North 
Campus Avenue, at a, home. 

Mr. Tavenner. Could that have been 323? 

Mr. Bray. That doesn't sound like it, no. It was 9-something. 

Mr. Tavenner. But it was on North Campus Avenue*? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Prior to that, were you at Arizona State College? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where is that located? 

Mr. Bray. Tempe, Ariz. 

Mr. Tavenner. How far is that from Phoenix? 

Mr. Bray. About 13 miles. 

66298 — 55 2 



1422 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES EST THE OHIO AREA 

Mr. Tavenner. Where did you reside while at Arizona State Col- 
lege? 

Mr. Bray. I resided in Phoenix at Dr. Wormley's residence. I don't 
remember the address. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you remember the name of the street? 

Mr. Bray. I think it was Washington Street. 

Mr. Tavenner. East or West? 

Mr. Bray. I don't remember the direction. 

Mr. Tavenner. Prior to that you were at Colorado College at 
Colorado Springs, is that correct? 

Mr. Bray. Yes; at Colorado Springs. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where did you reside while at Colorado Springs? 

Mr. Bray. I believe it was, 733 Corona Street. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you reside at some other address, also, in 
Colorado Springs? 

Mr. Bray. Some place on Weber Street. I don't remember what 
the address was. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you recah living at any other place in Colorado 
Springs? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. I lived on El Paso Street. 

Mr. Tavenner. What address? 

Mr. Bray. I don't remember that one, either. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you think 823 North El Paso Street may be 
correct? 

Mr. Bray. That sounds like it. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where do you presently reside in Massillon? 

Mr. Bray. In Massillon, I reside at 732 Fourth Street. 

Mr. Tavenner. What other addresses have you had in Massillon? 

Mr. Bray. My home prior to that was 909 Johnson Street. 

Mr. Tavenner. The committee has just returned from southern 
Cahfornia where it received considerable evidence regarding the 
activities of the Southern California Peace Crusade which functioned 
as a branch of the American Peace Crusade. I would like to ask you 
whether or not you were a member of or affiliated in any way with the 
American Peace Crusade while you were at Boulder, Colo., that is, 
during the period you were a student at the University of Colorado. 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall that I have been a member of the Peace 
Crusade m Colorado. 

Mr. Tavenner. You were active, however, were you not, in the 
activities of the Boulder Peace Council at Boulder, Colo.? 

Mr. Bray. No, I wouldn't say that I was active in the Boulder 
Peace Conference. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat w^as the extent of your participation in the 
work of that organization? 

Mr. Bray. I didn't have any idea that it operated as an organiza- 
tion. I only know that I attended a peace congress in Chicago. 

Mr. Tavenner. That was in June of 1951, wasn't it? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. You attended as a delegate, didn't you? 

Mr. Bray. No, I didn't attend as a delegate. 

Mr. Tavenner. What were the circumstances under which you 
attended? 

Mr. Bray. I attended because I had become aware that Paul 
Robeson was going to sing at this congress, and my interest was 
aroused and stimulated to attend. 



COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES EST THE OHIO AREA 1423 

Mr. Tavenner. Wasn't your interest also aroused because of your 
work with the Boulder Peace Council in Boulder? 

Mr. Bray. No. I had no knowledge of the Peace Council as you 
refer to it, up until the time that I had heard about the congress in 
Chicago. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you recall the occasion of a caucus meeting of 
the Boulder Peace Council delegates at Boulder, Colo., on June 27 
1951, when the group of delegates got together and caucused at the 
home ot Jake Saucedo, S-a-u-c-e-d-o? 

Mr. Bray. I wouldn't say that I recall that I was attending a meet- 
ing of delegates. The impression that I had gathered was that it was 
a party, and that is the basis on which I attended. Since I knew them 
I had no question as to what it was. On the campus we did have a 
great many parties. 

Mr Tavenner. It was a meeting of delegates to the peace congress 
to be held m Chicago, was it not? 

Mr. Bray. I have learned that to be so, I suppose. 

Mr. Tavenner. How did it happen that vou were invited to this 
meeting of delegates if you were not also a delegate? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall that I was even invited. I just appeared 
there. I wasn't invited, but I happened to know Saucedo well enough 
to drop in, but I had no awareness 

Mr. Tavenner. How did you know this meeting was to be held at 
Saucedo 's? 

Mr Bray. I didn't know. I just knew of a partv being held, and I 
attended. It wasn't unusual for me to stop in, since they were stu- 
dents at the university and I knew them. 

Mr. Tavenner. Had you decided prior to that time, or was it after 
that time, that you would go to the peace congress in Chicago? 

Mr. Bray. It was well after that time because, as a matter of fact, 
It was the day that they were readv to leave that I decided changed 
my nimd when I heard that Mr. Robeson was going to appear there 
that I decided to go. » i-r , 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you mean j^ou decided that day? 

Mr. Bray. The day that they were to leave. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you make your decision after or before this 
meeting? 

Mr. Bray. After. 

Mr. Tavenner. How long was it after this meeting on June 27 
that you departed for Chicago? 

Mr. Bray. I beheve that it was about 2 days. I am not sure. 

Mr Tavenner. Did you accompany the other delegates from 
Boulder? 

Mr. Bray. I went with the Saucedo's. 

Mr. Tavenner. The Saucedo's were not students at the universitv 
were they? -^ ' 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. They were students at that time*^ 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you tell the committee, please, what the 
purpose ot the meeting was, which was held on June 27 at Jake Sau- 
cedo's home? 

Mr. Bray. As I said, I had the impression that it was a party, 
but I have since- gathered that it was gathered together to raise 
money for going to Chicago, 



1424 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES EST THE OHIO AREA 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you find that out at the meeting? 

•Mr. Bray. I don't remember that I did. I know on several 
occasions the type of gathering that was held, it was in the same 
fashion, but I couldn't say that I really knew, because I hadn't 
made up my mind to go. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was there anything secret about this meeting of 
the delegates to the peace congress? 

Mr. Bray. It wasn't secret at all. 

Mr. Tavenner. I don't understand what you mean by saying you 
later found out certain things about it. 

Mr. Bray. Sometimes one may not always know when going to a 
party exactly, especially if he is an individual such as myself who 
might stop in, as I did. I just didn't have any real thought as to 
what type of meeting it was, or I didn't care what type of meeting 
it was. 

Mr. Tavenner. But after you got there, you quickly found out 
what it was, didn't you? 

Mr. Bray. I wouldn't say I quickly found out. I think that I 
found out money was being raised for a purpose. I will say that. 
That is as much as I can remember that I actually felt at that time. 

Mr. Tavenner. What other matters were discussed relating to 
the Peace Council besides the raising of funds? 

Mr. Bray. At that time I don't recall that anything else was dis- 
cussed, because that is probablj^^ the reason why I hadn't decided to 
go, because I don't recall that an5'thmg was discussed at all. I 
didn't remain there until the close of the meeting. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was Jake Saucedo the leader of this group? 

Mr. Bray. I don't know. I don't really know who was the leader. 

Mr. Tavenner. How long had you known Jake Saucedo? 

Mr. Bray. Oh, I had known him for about 3 months prior to that, 
I believe. 

Mr. Tavenner. WTiat were the circumstances under which you 
met him? 

Mr. Bray. I think it was just on the campus at the Student Union 
Building. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did vou laiow him as a member of the Communist 
Party? 

Mr. Bray. No, I didn't know him as a member of the Communist 
Party. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was he a member of the Communist Party, to 
your knowledge? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall that he was a member of the Communist 
Party. In fact, I don't know. 

Mr. Tavenner. Let us put it this way: You may not have seen 
his Communist Party card or have seen him pay dues or anything of 
that nature, but did you ever attend a Communist Party meeting 
with him? Or let us put it this way: Were you ever at a Communist 
Party meeting at which he was present? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall ever having gone to a Communist Party 
meeting as such. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did he ever discuss with you activities of the 
Communist Party in which he was engaged? 

Mr. Bray. He has never discussed anything with me pertaining to 
the Communist Party. 



COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 1425 

Mr. Tavenner. Were any of the persons at that meeting of 
delegates of the Boulder Peace Council Imown to vou to be members 
of the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. No, I don't recall if anyone there — I won't say I don't 
recall. I am sure that I don't know anyone who was there who was 
a member of the Communist Party. 

Mr. Tavenner. You attended the peace congress which met in 
Chicago in June 1951. Wliile there did you meet a person by the 
name of Peter Hyun, H-y-u-n, from Los Angeles? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall meeting a Peter Hyun from Los Angeles. 
Mr. Tavenner. Had you met Peter Hyun prior to that time? 
Mr. Bray. No. I don't recall ever meeting any such person. 
Mr. Tavenner. Peter Hyun was the executive secretarv of the 
Southern California Peace Crusade and was verv active in that area 
of the country. I understand you never had occasion to meet him. 
Mr. Bray. No; not to my recollection. 

Mr. Tavenner. Immediately after the peace congress in Chicago, 
a convention was held in Chicago of delegates from the Independent 
Progressive Party. Many of the peace delegates stayed over for 
that convention. Did you? 
Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. After you attended this convention, did you con- 
tinue in the same way with the Peace Council in Boulder that you 
had prior to the convention, or did you become more active? 

Mr. Bray. I was never active in the Peace Council. As I said, I 
went primarily to hear Mr. Robeson. Following that time I had no 
awareness of the existence of the Peace Council in Boulder. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you attend the national convention of the 
National Negro Labor Council at Cleveland, Ohio, in November 1952? 
Mr. Bray. No; I did not. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you at any time made a deles:ate to that 
convention, although you did not attend? 

Mr. Bray. I wasn't aware that I was a delegate to that convention. 
Mr. Tavenner. How did vou become emploved after leaving the 
University of Colorado in 1952? 

Mr. Bray. I was employed in the Denver public schools. 
Mr. Tavenner. What is the name of the school? 
Air. Bray. Cole Junior High School. 
Mr. Tavenner. How long were you employed there? 
Mr. Bray. About a year. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you begin your employment at Cole Junior 
High in the fall of 1952? 

Mr. Bray. Began in the fall of 1953. 

Mr. Tavenner. How were vou emploved between the time of vour 
graduation in 1952 and the fall of 1953?' 

Mr. Bray. I took graduate work at the University of Colorado. 
Mr. Tavenner. You didn't tell us that to begin with. 
Mr. Bray. I was going to, and you went on. 
Mr. Tavenner. How long did your graduate work last? 
Mr. Bray. I believe it was about a year. I was just enrolled in 
some courses. 

Mr Tavenner. Did you have any employment between the time 
of the completion of your graduate work and taking up your school 
duties in the fall of 1953? 



1426 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES EST THE OHIO AREA 

Mr. Bray. I didn't have any employment between that time. I 
had done a little teaching in a rural community. 

Mr. Tavenner. What community? 

Mr. Bray. Pleasant View. 

Mr. Tavenner. In Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where did you spend the summer of 1953? 

Mr. Bray. In Denver. 

The Chairman. I think we will recess at this point until 2:30. 

(Whereupon, at 12:20 p. m., the subcommittee recessed, to recon- 
vene at 2:30 p. m., of the same day.) 

after recess 

(The subcommittee reconvened at 2:30 p. m. Committee members 
present were Representatives Walter and Frazier.) 

The Chairman. The committee will be in order. 

Let the record show that a subcommittee consisting of Messrs. 
Frazier, Velde, and Walter has been designated to continue this 
hearing, and that a majority of the subcommittee are present. 

Will you raise your right hand, please. Do you swear the testimony 
you are about to give shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing 
but the truth, so help you God? 

Mr. Bray. I do. 

TESTIMONY OF KEVE BRAY— Resumed 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Bray, will you tell the committee, please, 
whether or not you became a member of or affiliated with an organi- 
zation known as the Young Progressives of America at any time while 
you resided in Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. I was never a member of the Young Progressive organi- 
zation while I resided in Colorado or at any other place. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you participate in the work of that organi- 
zation? 

Mr. Bray. No. I do remember going to one of their meetings, but 
I don't recall participating in any of the work of the organization. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wlien and where was that meeting held which you 
attended? 

Mr. Bray. In the Student Union Building of the University of 
Colorado. 

Mr. Tavenner. In what year was that meeting held? 

Mr. Bray. I believe that was 1951. 

Mr. Tavenner. There was an organization, then, of the Young 
Progressives of America at the University of Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. The committee received sworn testimony during 
its hearings in Michigan in May 1954 to the effect that the youth 
group of the Communist Party was assigned to various organizations, 
including the Young Progressives of America, and that in Michigan 
the officials of that organization were members of the Communist 
Party who had been affiliated with the youth group of the Communist 
Party. 



p 

COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 1427 

Will you tell the committee, please, whether at the University of 
Colorado any of the officers of the Young Progressives of America 
were persons known to you to be members of the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. I don't have any proof of m.embers of the Young Progres- 
sives that were, but there was only one individual who was considered 
by people generally. I have no proof. I couldn't say, myself, 
personally. 

Mr. Tavenner. I will not ask you to state in pubhc session what 
you heard or what was generally understood, but I may want to ask 
you about that in closed session of the committee. 

Did you become a member of or affiliated with the Independent 
Progressive Party while living in Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. No, I was never a member of the Independent Progres- 
sive Party. I don't think I know exactly what it is or what it was. 
_ Mr. Tavenner. The Independent Progressive Party was organized 
m 1948 throughout the country generally. I wanted to inquire as to 
what Imowledge you had of its organization in the State of Colorado. 

Mr. Bray. I had no 1-mowledge at all. I knew that it existed, but 
as close as I ever got to the Progressive Party was a meeting that I 
spoke of, of the Young Progressives. But over and beyond that, 
I don't have any knowledge or had no loiowledge and have no Imowl- 
edge. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you have any knowledge of leaders of the 
Progressive Party in Colorado being members of the Communist 
Party? 

Mr. Bray. No, I don't have any knowledge of that. I know of 
several people who have been indicted, but I don't know whether they 
were connected with the Progressive Party or not. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you have knowledge of your own, of the 
Communist Party membership of the individuals that you referred to? 

Mr Bray. No knowledge of my own. You mean of the recent 
individuals we have mentioned? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes. 

Mr. Bray. No knowledge of my own. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you ever sit in a Communist Party meetine: 
with any of them? ^ 

Mr. Bray. No. I have never known that I was at a Communist 
Party meeting, or I should say I have never been at a Communist 
Party meeting or been aware that I was at a Communist Party meeting 
as such. ^ 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you recall where this meeting was held which 
you referred to as having attended? 

Mr. Bray. The Young Progressive meeting that was held, if that is 
the one you refer to, was held in one of the rooms of the Student 
Union Building. 

Mr. Tavenner. Are you acquainted with Mr. William Morris, Sr.. 
M-o-r-r-i-s? 

Mr. Bray. I don't know whether I am or not. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you attend a Progressive Party meeting in his 

Mr. Bray. No. Who is Mr. Morris? 

Mr. Tavenner. As far as you know, vou don't recall the individual? 

Mr. Bray. No. 



1428 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you attend a meeting of the Progressive 
Party on May 26, 1950, at 2244 15th Street, Boulder, Colo.? 

Mr. Bray. No, I don't recall attending a Progressive Party meeting 
at that address. 

Mr. Tavenner. You say you don't recall. May I ask you to state 
whether or not you did attend such a meeting? 

Mr. Bray. Since I have no recollection of it, I would be forced to 
say no, because I can't recall, and therefore my answer would be no. 

Mr. Tavenner. Has a person by the name of Wilham Morris, Sr. 
been entertained by you in your home? 

Mr. Bray. No. ^ 

Mr. Tavenner. Are you acquainted with Harry A. Lawson? 

Mr, Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did Harry A. Lawson at any time, more par- 
ticularly on September 16, 1950, attend a meeting or function of any 
character in your home? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall that he did on this particular date, but 
he has on several occasions come to my home. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was he a person known to you to be a member of 
the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. He wasn't. I would say as far as I knew, he was not a 
member of the Communist Party. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you a member of or affiliated with the Civil 
Rights Congress while living in Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. No, I was not a member or affiliated with the Civil 
Rights Congress. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you attend a Civil Rights Congress meeting at 
2540 Washington Street, Denver, Colo., on January 26, 1951? 

Mr. Bray. I did attend one meeting of the Civil Rights Congress. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was that meeting held the time and place which 
I mentioned? 

Mr. Bray. Would you repeat that, please? 

Mr. Tavenner. 2540 Washington Street, Denver, Colo., and the 
date, January 26, 1951. 

Mr. Bray. Washington Street was not the place. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you state what the correct address was of the 
meeting? 

Mr. Bray. I don't exactly know the street, but I know it was in 
what they call Five Points in Denver. The Five Points area. It was 
on one of the Five Points. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the date of the meeting? 

Mr. Bray. I don't know the date, but I recall that the time was 
later than 1951. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you mean the meeting did not occur in 1951? 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Then you did not attend a meeting of the Civil 
Rights Congress during the year 1951? 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the purpose of the meeting which you 
attended at a date later than 1951? 

Mr. Bray. I arrived at the meeting not knowing — I was always 
the victim of going someplace and not knowing what was going to 
happen or where I was going, and this was one of the occasions. As 
much as I could get out of this particular meeting, discussions were 



COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 1429 

being held on various issues, one of which I remember being civil 
rights, race relations, and whatnot. That is the extent of what I 
got out of the meeting. I don't recall more. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you know who the officers of the Civil Rights 
Cono;ress were at that time? 

Mr. Bray. I don't know who the officers were. I was invited to 
go to Denver with the Saucedos, and it was entirely new to me. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you accompany them to this meeting? 

Mr. Bray. Yes, I went with them. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the approximate date of the meeting? 

Mr. Bray. The date was 1952, as far as I can remember. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat was Mr. Saucedo's fii^st name? 

Mr. Bray. Jesus. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will 3'Ou spell it, please? 

Mr. Bray. J-e-s-u-s. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat was his wife's name? 

Mr. Bray. Judy. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did either Mr. or Mrs. Saucedo at any time solicit 
your membership in the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. No, they never sohcited my interest in the Communist 
Party. 

Mr. Tavenner. Are you famihar with the establishment of a fund 
entitled the Ethnic Minoritv Scholarship Fund^ 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you ever discuss the operation of that fund 
with Mr. Saucedo? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall. I am sure that I have discussed some- 
tlnng about the fund to him at some time or another. I don't recall 
that It was any particular occasion. We did spend a lot of time 
tellmg about the fund to various people. I therefore assume that he 
must have been one of them. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did he at any time tell j^ou that the Communist 
Party took credit for the success that the fund enjoyed? 

Mr. Bray. He has never said that to me. I believe that it would 
have been something that I would have remembered, too. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did he ever make that statement in your presence? 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were scholarships awarded from that fund to the 
University of Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. You mean to a student to the University of Colorado? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes. 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you know of any Communist Partv participa- 
^^^^"/"^^^ furnishing of scholarships to the University of Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. No, I do not. 

Mr. Tavenner. I was asking you before the noon recess about 
work that you did during the summer of 1952. I would like to return 
to that subject. 

Were you employed in the summer of 1952, and if so, where? 
Mr. Bray. I wasn't employed during the summer of 1952. I was 
trying to remember. I had been employed one of the summers by a 
construction company. I don't remember what summer it was that 
1 was employed. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where were you employed? 



1430 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 

Mr. Bray. There was a dam being built near Boulder, up near what 
they call Green Mountain, and I was employed by the Macco Con- 
struction Co. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was that in the State of Colorado? 

Mr. Bray. Colorado. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you employed at the San Cristobal Valley 
Ranch, owned by Craig Vincent, in the summer of 1952? 

Mr. Bray. Oh, yes. 1952. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you tell the committee the chcumstances 
under which vou received that employment? 

Mr. Bray." I got an ad from one of the Colorado newspapers and I 
corresponded with this ranch. 

Mr. Tavenner. With whom did you correspond? 

Mr. Bray. Craig Vincent. 

Mr. Tavenner. As a result of which you became employed? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the nature of j^our emplo\Tnent? 

Mr. Bray. Just a counselor of children and participating in plays 
that were given. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you return there in 1953 for emplo\Tnent of 
the same character? 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were vou there in the summer of 1953? 

Mr. Bray. I was in Taos, N. Mex., the following summer. 

Mr. Tavenner. How far is that from the San Cristobal Valley 
Ranch? 

Mr. Bray. About 13 miles, approximately. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you visit the San Cristobal Valley Ranch 
during that year? 

Mr. Bray. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. For what purpose? 

Mr. Bray. When I was there the first time, I had acquired a lot 
of friends dowTi there, and I spent the time visiting friends. Some of 
them happened to be at the ranch. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you tell the committee, please, whether in the 
summer of 1952 when you were employed at the San Cristobal Valley 
Ranch, any member or members of the Communist Party, that is, 
persons known to you to be members of the Communist Party, visited 
the ranch? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall any individuals who were members of the 
Communist Party. Practically all of the people were seen for the 
first time by me. I had never seen any of them before, so I had no 
knowledge of the people. It was a new experience for me. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you become acquainted there with any persons 
who were members of the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. No, I did not. . . 

Mr. Tavenner. Did any member of the Communist Party visit 
you while you were at that ranch? 

Mr. Bray. They did not. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did Mr. and Mrs. Saucedo visit you m July of 
1953, at the ranch? 

Mr. Bray. No, thev did not. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did they visit you at the place you were staying? 

Mr. Bray. No. 



COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 1431 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you see them in New Mexico in July 1953? 

Mr. Bray. Not in New Mexico. 

Mr. Tavenner. San Cristobal Valley Kanch is in New Mexico is 
it not? ' 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliere did you see them? 

Mr. Bray. I saw them off and on during the time I was at 
Colorado 

Mr. Tavenner. But I am speaking of the summer of 1953 You 
said you did not see them in New Mexico. Where did vou see them 
in the summer of 1953? 

Air. Bray. I don't recall seeing them in the summer of 1953 
When 1 was employed at the ranch, they came to the ranch- but f 
don t recall seeing them in 1953. ' 

Mr. Tavenner. But they did come to the ranch in 1952? 

Mr. Bray. When I was employed there. 
• Mr Tavenner. What was the purpose of their visit to the ranch 
in 1952? 

Mr. Bray. Just visiting. 

Mr Tavenner. Did they attend any meetings while there, to your 

Mr. Bray. Not to my knowledge. At the time I was there, there 
were no meetings that I attended myself that were not pertaining to 
the operation of the ranch. 

TVT^^^'o"^^^^^^^^,. ^^^^^ ^^^ *li^ purpose of the visit of Mr and 
Mrs. baucedo, as far as you knew? 

Mr. Bray. The Saucedos were on a vacation, and the ranch was a 
place where people went to enjoy themselves. That is the only reason 
that 1 could see that they came. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you know whether they had been there prior 
to the summer of 1952? 

Mr. Bray. I think it was their first time there. 

}l^'- Tavenner. Did they come to the ranch to visit vou? 

Mr. Bray. No. "^ 

Mr. Tavenner. You say you do not recall their having been at 
the ranch m 1953. 

Mr. Bray. No, I don't recall their being there at that time 

Mr. lAVENNER. Do you know whether they arranged to attend a 
meeting on July 5, 1953, at the San Cristobal Valley Ranch? 

Mr Bray. No, I don't know of any arrangements which they made 
about visiting the ranch m 1953. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you see them at any place on July 5, 1953? 

Mr. Bray. I don t recall having seen them. As far as the date is 
concerned I don't know. I don't even know whether I was at the 
ranch at that time. 

o-.f ""• ^''^^''''^^- Did you confer with Mr. and Mrs. Saucedo, or 
A^r B "^' ^^ ®^^^^ P^^^ ^^ ^^^^ summer of 1953? 
Mr. Bray. No I have mentioned before that I did visit them 
occasionally, but I don't recall conferring with them about anything. 
fl. Q- ^^^^^"i^^R. If Mr. and Mrs. Saucedo had made plans to be at 
the San Cristobal Valley Ranch on July 5, 1953, do you know any 
reason for their changing their plans? -" ' > ^ ^ 



1432 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 

Mr. Bray. No; I don't know of any reason why they would change 
their plans. It was never my interest. It didn't make any difference 
to me. 

Mr. Tavenner. You have no knowledge whatever of any happening 
or any representation made to them which caused a change in their 
plans? 

Mr. Bray. No; I have no knowledge of that. 

Mr. Tavenner. Are you acquainted with Lawrence Love? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did jou attend a function at his home at 2202 
Ogden Street, Denver, on December 30, 1954? 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall attending a function at his house on this 
particular date. I did attend some parties that they used to have at 
his house, but that is all I ever attended. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were Mr. and Mrs. Saucedo present at those 
parties? 

Mr. Bray. Yes, sii-. Well, most of the time. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the purpose of the parties? 

Mr. Bray. Just a party. That is all I can say. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were any persons there known to you to be mem- 
bers of the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. There was nobody present that I could say I knew were 
members of the Communist Party. 

Mr. Tavenner. At these meetings we have discussed, which you 
attended, and when Air. and Mrs. Saucedo were present, was any 
Communist Party literature presented or discussed? 

Mr. Bray. No, never at any party that I ever attended was there 
any Communist Party literature presented or discussed. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you acquainted with Morris Wright, 
W-r-i-g-h-t? 

Mr. Bray. I have met him. I was acquainted with him. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you attend a function at his home on January 
11, 1955, at 875 Shoshone Street in Denver? 

Mr. Bray. I do recall attending another party at his house. I 
don't know whether that was the date or not. 

Mr. Tavenner. I am speaking of 1955. Was this meeting at- 
tended by you in 1955? 

Mr. Bray. I didn't attend any in 1955, because I was in Massillon. 

Mr. Tavenner. What about the year 1954? 

Mr. Bray. I remember attending some party at his house in that 
year. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was it in January 1954? 

Mr. Bray. That seems likely, but I don't remember the date. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were Mr. and Mrs. Saucedo present? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat was the purpose of that meeting? 

Mr. Bray. I don't know that, either. I think somebody was hav- 
ing a birthday, maybe one of his children. 

Mr. Tavenner. Could it have been a birthday celebration for the 
National Guardian magazine? 

Mr. Bray. That I don't know, because that was never explained 
and I never inquired about it, because every time I was invited to go 
to a party, it was just a party. 



COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 1433 

Mr. Tavenner. You found out what the party was after vou e:ot 
there, didn't you? 

Mr. Bray. No. There was nothing discussed pertaining to this 
paper, and ah that I could see was going on was that people were 
drinking and talking. That is all. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you visit the San Cristobal Valley Ranch 
m New Mexico dunng the weekend of January 8 and 9 1955? 

Mr. Bray. No, I did not. 

Mr. Tavenner. When was the last time you visited the San Cristo- 
bal Vaney Ranch? 

Mr. Bray. About that time I was in New Mexico because as I 
said, we had acquired a number of friends in New Mexico in Taos 
N. Mex., especially. For that reason my wife and I went down to 
visit. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you go to the San Cristobal Ranch while 
3^ou were there? 
Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you acquainted with Anthonv Morton of 
Denver? " ' 

Mr. Bray. Oh, yes. 

Mr. Tavenner.' Wliat was his occupation? 

Mr. Bray. He worked at the Union Hall there. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat union? 

Mr. Bray. The Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers Union. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you know what his position was? 

Mr Bray. I think he was a clerk or he ran a mmieograph machine 
1 don't really know. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you ever take anv material to him to be 
mimeographed? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. From whom? 

.. J^^^; -^^^- ^^ ^^^^ ^ t»^'^>' which we were giving in Denver entitled, 
(jrod's Trombones." 

Mr. Tavenner. In addition to that, did you take any other 
material to him? 
Mr. Bray. No. 

Txr^J-^- Tavenner. Did you deliver messages of anv character from 
Wilham Morris, Sr., to Anthony Morton? 

Mr. Bray. No, I never delivered any messages from Morris. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you ever deliver to Anthonv Morton anv 
material? By that I mean any statement in writing or anv printed 
matter? ' 

Mr. Bray. No, never any material that I ever dehvered. 
o \ J-"^ venner, In other words, you have not transmitted anything 
from Mr. William Morris, Sr., to Anthony Morton? 

Mr. Bray. No. ^ ' 

^^'- Tavenner. You say you took master's work at the University 
ot Colorado in 1953. Did vou receive an additional degree? 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. After completing your graduate work, did you 
then engage m the teaching profession? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where? 

Mr. Bray. At Cole Junior High School in Denver. 



1434 COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 

Mr. Tavenner. How long were you employed there? 

Mr. Bray. One year. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you required to file a loyalty oath of any 
character for employment? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you file one? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. At the time of filing such an oath, were you a 

member of the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. No. , r i r^ • ^ 

Mr. Tavenner. Had you ever been a member of the Uommumst 

Party prior to that time? . r^ • ^ 

Mr. Bray. No; 1 have never been a member of the Communist 

Mr. Tavenner. Have you at any time ever attended a Communist 

Party meeting? • -n ^ 

Mr. Bray. I don't recall ever attendmg a Communist Party 

meeting. 11. 

Mr. Tavenner. Bv vour answer, am I to understand that you are 
uncertain in your mind^bout that? Do you say you do not recall? 

Air. Bray' No. I am merely stating that I have never gone to a 
meeting knowing that it was Communist, and I have never attended 
any meeting, having gone through a meeting with the impression that 
it was a Communist meeting. . 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you at any time solicited for membership m 
the Communist Party? 1 • ..i, 

Mr. Bray. I have never been solicited for membership m the 

Communist Partv. ^■ ■ t 

Mr. Tavenner. Have you ever at any time made application tor 

membership in the Communist Party? 

Mr. Bray. I have never made an application to the Communist 

Party. 

Mr. Tavenner. After serving 1 year as a teacher at Cole Junior 
High School, were you employed elsewhere? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. I signed a contract to teach in MassiUon, Ohio. 

Mr. Tavenner. Is that the place of your birth? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. For what vear was the contract? 

Mr. Bray. It was for 1955^ 1954-55. 

Mr. Tavenner. Are you under contract now to teach there? 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was your contract canceled? 

Mr. Bray. Well, it was terminated, yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you actually teach that year? 

Mr. Bray. I didn't teach that year. 

Mr. Tavenner. However, you were paid your salary for that year 
weren't you? 

Mr. Bray. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do vou still reside in Massillon? 

Mr. Bray. Yes. You asked me whether or not I taught that year. 
Did you mean at Massillon? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes. 

Mr. Bray. I didn't teach at Massillon, no. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where did you teach? 



COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES IN THE OHIO AREA 1435 

in¥ebruar ^' ^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ Cleveland beginning the second semester, 

Mr. Tavenner. Do vou still teach there "^ 

Mr. Bray. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the name of the school"? 

Mr. Bray. Rawlings Junior High School. 

Mr. Tavenner. I have asked you about Communist Partv member- 
ship at various periods. I want to ask you now, have you been a 
member of the Communist Party at anv time? 

at an'-'^k^e ■ ^ ^^^^^ "^^^^ ^^^^^ ^ member of the Communist Party 
Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Chairman, I believe that is all that I want to 

ask this witness m open session. I would like to ask him a few 

questions m closed session. 
The Chairman. All right. 
If the members of the press will leave the room, we will proceed 

witn tne closed session. 

(Whereupon, at 3:15 p. m., the subcommittee recessed, to reconvene 
in executive session.) 



INDEX 



T. -,, INDIVIDUALS Page 

Hym;, Petlr 1419^1435 (testimony) 

Lawson, Harry A j^^^ 

Love, Lawrence _ __ - -- - i^^o 

Morris, William, Sr V/oy -{Joo. 1400 

Morton, Anthonv ^' ^^^^' ^^^^ 

Saucedo, Jesus (Jake) "142^" "{424 " 1490- ilto 

?tnS'crSg ^^'''- ''''"' Saucedo).....::::::::::::::...''!' lUti l^tltk 

Wright,' Morris.::iI"] Jf^S 

Organizations 

American Peace Crusade, Southern California Peace Crusade 1422 142'i 

Boulder Peace Council (Colorado) 1499LJ40? 

Civil Rights Congress (Denver, ColoO lloo 

Ethnic Minority Scholarship Fund JJoq 

Mine Mill and Smelter Workers, International Union" of ^A^ 

San Cristobal Valley Ranch _ . . {aoq "fio , T^oo 

Southern California Peace Crusade. (5ee"Ame7ican"Peace" Crusade ) ' ' 

University of Colorado ..... ^ , .«q 

Young Progressives of America . : floe 

University of Colorado branch . . "."" {426 -^"° 



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1427 
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