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Full text of "Investigation of un-American propaganda activities in the United States. Hearings before a Special Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Seventy-fifth Congress, third session-Seventy-eighth Congress, second session, on H. Res. 282, to investigate (l) the extent, character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, (2) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propaganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attacks the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and (3) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any necessary remedial legislation"

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THIRD SESSION * C4%^5.lA~'^ 

H. Res. 282 P^ i^ 





Printed for the use of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities 










H. Res. 282 




Printed for the use of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities 

274778 WASHINGTON : 1940 

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MARTIN DIES, Texas, Chairman 
JOHN J. DEMPSEY, New Mexico NOAH M. MASON, Illinois 


JERRY VOORHIS, California 
JOSEPH E. CASEY, Massachusetts 

Robert E. Stripling, Secretary 
J. B. Matthews, Director of Research 



The Nazi Government, shortly after its assumption of power, took 
control of all the media of expression in Germany and all equipment 
and ag'^^icies used to express German views and ideology in foreign 
- '-"^'Hes. One of these agencies was the Transocean News Service. 

ine Transocean News Service had its origin during the last World 
War. Its headquarters are located in Berlin; and it has scattered 
throughout the world various branches for the purposes of compiling 
and disseminating news. At the time of its inception, the Transocean 
News Service could be compared with the various legitimate news 
agencies in the United States — United Press, Associated Press, and 
International News Service. At that time, foreign offices of the Trans- 
ocean News Service were chiefly concerned with the gathering of 
factual information in the countries where they were working and of 
transmitting such information to the home office for domestic con- 
sumption. However, when Hitler took over the Government of Ger- 
many, he transformed the Transocean News Service into an agency 
for the dissemination of propaganda in foreign countries and also 
utilized it as an organization that could, with a minimum of suspicion, 
engage in espionage activities. 

Transocean News Service did not attain any prominent standing in 
tlie United States until the latter part of 1938. In the closing months 
of that year, one Manfred Zapp was sent to this country from Berlin 
for the express purpose of increasing the scope of Transocean News' 
effectiveness, not only in the United States but in Canada, Mexico, 
Central America, and South America. 

Zapp was a man well trained for the task that confronted him. In 
this connection we may allow Zapp to speak in his own behalf. Agents 
of the committee, pursuant to the terms of a subpoena duly served 
upon Zapp during August of this year, obtained possession of certain 
of his records, including the following exhibits, Nos. 1 and 2. The 
English translation of these exhibits reads as follows : 

[Exhibit No. 1 1] 

March 21, 1939. 
Herr von Bismabok, 

German- Atnerican Chamber' of Commerce, 

10 East 40 Street, New York City. 

My De:ar Hbbr von Bismarck: I thank you once again for the charming 
luncheon. It was really very pleasant and agreeable and it pleased me very 
greatly to become better acquainted with you. 

I hope that you will soon give me the pleasure of lunching with you. 

Enclosed herewith I should like to send you a brief description of my career 
with a small photograph for the German-American Commerce Bulletin. With best 

Hell Hitler ! 

Manfred Zapp. 

1 For facsimile of original, see p. 1115. 



[Exhibit No. 2 2] 

German Newspapermen in America 

manfred zapp 

Transocenn G. m. b. H., Berlin (Wireless News Service) has again filled its 
New York representation after a few months of vacancy. 

Dr. Manfred Zapp has been entrusted with the direction of the New York 
office, 341 Madison Avenue. He is known in German press circles through his 
articles in numerous periodicals and daily papers. He was last engaged in 
the Transocean Bureau in Berlin; before that he represented Transocean in 
the South African Union. 

This is the first time that the new Transocean representative has lived in 
New York ; the United States and Canada are, however, not unknown to him. 
He had the opportunity on an eighteen months' lecture and study i«-uiuey to 
become acquainted with Canada and the western states of North America and 
to learn to like them. Since that time he has stood in the closest contact with 
many of his American friends. 

Manfred Zapp, whose Rhineland accent is true to his home city of Duessel- 
dorf. has gone about the world a great deal. Other European countries, with 
the exception of Scandinavia and the Balkan states, are all well known to him. 
One year in Paris, two years in Rome, and frequent visits to London brought 
him together with leading men of France, Italy, and England. The Balkan 
states, Holland, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal were repeatedly visited by him. 
He was engaged for half a year in Moscow and repeatedly revisited it in the 
service of the large German papers such as the Frankfurter Zeitung, Berliner 
Boersenzeitung, and large provincial newspaper companies. He lived almost a 
j-ear in Japan. During the Manchurian War, he was in Manchuria and in 
China. Before the outbreak of the Abyssinian War, he visited the Italian col- 
onies on the invitation of the Italian Government. For the Scherl Publishing 
Company he travelled through South ami Central Africa, ar, v/ell as th;' former 
German Colony of East Africa. He was in Ireland for the Berliner Boersen- 
zeitung and a group of large provincial newspapers. At the beginning of the 
Spanish Campaign, he was corresiwndent of the Berliner Boersenzeitung and 
the Koelnischen Zeitung in Portugal. He gathered together his studies of 
Portugal in a book, "Portugal, an Authoritarian State". He has given lectures 
in German and foreign secondary institutions of learning. 

His present job in New York is to represent the interest of the Transocean 
News Service in the United States and Canada. 

Transocean G. m. b. H., which was foimded in the Spring of 1914 by a group 
of Hamburg business men, exporters, and bankers is still today a private under, 
taking, which is similar to the United Press or the International News Service 
here in America and delivers news, within a smaller compass, however, to news- 
papers throughout the world. Transocean is represented in all quarters of the 
earth and is read in all countries. Transocean is known to sea voyagers by the 
daily ship news service. 

It will be noted that Zapp desired to give the impression that 
Transocean News Service, even as late as March 1939, was a private 
enterprise and not a subsidized agency of the Xazi Government. 
However, other records now in the possession of the committee 
definitely indicate that such is not the case. Exhibit No. 3 is a 
letter dated April 6, 1939, from Manfred Zapp to Herrn Dr. Degener 
of the Gennan-American Chamber of Commerce, in which Zapp ex- 
pressed the opinion that it would not be well to publish his bio- 
graphy because he could see no value at that time "in receiving any 
kind of publicity." It is significant that a man who must have been 
desirous of increasing the circulation of his news service throughout 
the United States would hesitate to be put in a position where his 
work would receive publicity. 

' For facsimile of original, see pp. 1116, 1117. 


[Exhibit No. 3 ^J 

April 6, 1939. 
Hei'rn Dr. Degenee, 

German-American Chamber of Commerce, 

10 East 40 Street, New York City. 
Dear Dr. Degener: A few days ago I sent you through Herrn von Bismarck 
a brief account of my career and my activity. I would asli you not to publisli 
this biography in your Bulletin, because for the time being I attach no value 
to receiving any kind of publicity. I do not wish to direct more attention to 
myself because of the American press which wishes me evil and would 
certainly welcome my being named in your Bulletin. 

For these reasons I would be very grateful if you would return my bio- 
graphy to me. 

With w"'.-aest greetings, 

Manfred Zapp. 

The following letter, exhibit No. 4, on the stationery of the German 
Embassy itself, signed by Charge d'Affaires Thomsen of the German 
Embassy, imder date of August 30, 1938, would indicate that the 
official representatives of the Nazi Government in the United States 
were definitely interested in the operations of Transocean News 
Service and Manfred Zapp. 

[Exhibit No. 4*] 

German Embassy 

Washington, D. C, August SO, 1938. 
Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

Berlin W 15, Fasanenstrasse 32. 

Dear Zapp : Many thanks for your letter of August 22nd. I had already been 
officially informed that you will take over the representation of Transocean in 
the United States and I was sincerely overjoyed at that. I am anticipating with 
great pleasure your visit towards the end of September, and I shall gladly be 
most entirely at your disposal in order to facilitate your getting acquainted with 
your work. Fortunately you know the U. S. from your previous experience and 
it will be relatively easy for you to get used to the job. Of course, your task is 
not quite easy ; your predecessor had little success, which, however, must alway.s 
be attributed to personal reasons. It is of paramount importance that a crossing 
of wires with the work of the D. N. B., New York and Washington, be absolutely 

With personal regards. 

(Signed) Thomsen. 

It should be observed that Thomsen made it quite clear to Zapp that 
the operations of the Transocean News Service should not conflict with 
those of D. N. B. which is the regular news reporting service of the 
German Government. It is also pertinent to observe that Thomsen 
was aware that Zapp's work in the United States was not easy, but that 
he, Thomsen, was quite willing to facilitate the appointed tasks of 
Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 5 is a letter from Zapp to Herrn Freiherr H. von. Botli- 
mer, dated November 29, 1939, wherein Zapp congratulated von Both- 
mer on the work that he had performed for Transocean News Service. 
Attention is directed to the statement that von Bothmer has "reached 
everybody who fell within his field of duty." 

2 For facsimile of original, see p. 1117. 
^For facsimile of original, see p. 1118. 


[Exhibit No. 5 ^j 

November 24, 1939. 
Herrn Freiberr H. von Bothmeb, 

Tudor Tower, East -'f2nd Street, Neiv York City. 

My Dear Herr von Bothmer : I should like to thank you very much for your 
self-sacrificing activity. You took over the heavy task of bringing our Transocean 
News Service to wider circles and have impressively fulfilled this task to the 
extent in which you have reached everybody who fell within your field of duty. 
I extend my best thanks for your successful efforts. 

With warmest greetings, 

Manfreh) Zapp. 

Zapp had not been long in the United States in his capacity as 
Director of the Transocean News Service before he realized that his 
organization had greater possibilities than he had origin; ''y contem- 
plated. On December 12, 1938, Zapp addressed the following com- 
mimication, exhibit No. 6, to Dr. Hans Borchers, German Consul 
General, 17 Battery Place, New York City. 

[Exhibit No. G «] 

December 12, 1938. 
Herrn Consul General Dr. IIax.s Borchkbs, 
German Consulate General, 

11 Battery Place, New York City. 
Dear Mr. Consul Genkral: Enclosed herewith I send you a copy of my report 
to Berlin concerning the Foreign Press Association. 

At the same time I take the liberty of informing you that I have opened up a 
small office at 341 Madison Avenue, from which I am to run the Transocean news. 
Upon the basis of my studies and observations here, I consider the possibility for 
Transocean greater than I at first bolifV(>d. For this rea.son I consider it impor- 
tant to set forth my ideas orally in Berlin and I shall probably go to Germany 
tomorrow on the Bremen in order to be back in New York in about four w^eeks. 
Heil Hitler! 

Manfred Zapp. 

It is apparent that after Zapp took over the directorship of the 
Transocean News Service in the United States the various German 
Government officials did everything in their power to facilitate the task 
that Zapp had been assigned to perform. Exhibits Nos. 7 and 8 are a 
letter and an enclosure under date of October 21, 1938, to Zapp from 
the German Minister to South Africa advising Zapp that he should use 
all the connections that he, the German Minister, had made while he 
was consul of the Germany Embassy in Washington. 

[Exhibit No. 7'] 

German Legation 

Pretoria, October 21, 1938. 
Mr. Manfred Zapp, 

Berlin W-15, Fasanaistrasse 32. 
Dear Mr. Zapp: I am in receipt of your communication of the 10th of [the 
month?] together with all enclosures. I thank you for your information [com- 
munications] which always have interested me very much. It is too bad that as 
a result of your transfer to America you will be withdrawn from South American 
business circles. But I think that your new scene of activity will be much more 
interesting for you. There you will meet many people with whom I became ac- 
quainted during my domicile there. I am sure that if you refer to me they will 
be glad to help you. 

I wish you much success in your activities there and do not need to add that I 
should be very happy to hear from you at your convenience. With renewed thanks 
for your letter, with best wishes [greetings], 
Hoil Hitler 

Yours truly, 

5 For facsimilf of original, see p. 1119. 
* For facsimile of oriuinal. see p. 1120. 
' For facsiniile of original, see p. 1121. 


[Exhibit No. 8»] 

The German Minister and Mrs. Leitner reciproc'ate witti sincere appreciation 
your friendly wishes for Christmas and the New Year. 

The records disclose that Zapp at all times kept in close contact 
with the German Embassy and the various consulates from the 
moment that he began his activities in the United States. For exam- 
ple, exhibit No. 9 is a letter dated November 15, 1938, to Dr. Hans 
Thomsen of the German Embassy. Zapp signed this letter as fol- 
lows : "Your loyal corps brother." 

[Exhibit No. 9 8] 

November 15, 1938, 
To the Counselor of the Embassy Dr. Hans Thomsen, 

German Embassy, Washington, D. C. 
Dear Thomsen : I regret that I cannot leave New York this week, since I 
have a few important engagements here that I should not like to miss. I will 
be with Mr. Tonn in Washington on Monday. 

I am looking forward to the ple'asure of seeing you and your wife. 

Your Loyal Corps Brothe31. 

After Zapp returned to Berlin to make his preliminary report to 
headquarters concerning his observations in the United States, he 
wrote the following letter, under date of September 10, 1938, exhibit 
No. 10, to the German Minister in Pretoria, Herr Rudolf Leitner. 

[Exhibit No. 10 w] 
Dr. Manfred Zapp 

Berlin W. 15, Fasanenstrasse 32, Septemljer 10, 1938. 

To the German Legation, Hebrn Rudolf Leitner, 

Pretoria, South Africa. 

Dear Mr. Minister: As promised I desire to send you all the documents con- 
cerning the steps which I took in handling the South African press. I do not 
promise myself much from a carrying through of my proposals, because ap- 
parently the personnel question is not working out. In any case I have done 
everything possible in order to realize what appears to me to be the only prom- 
ise of success. Tr'ansocean is sending me now to America. I leave Germany 
tomorrow and turn towards my new sphere of work. Probably I shall have 
■considerably greater difficulties to contend with than in South Africa. How- 
ever, I shall not forget South Africa and following my return from America in 
one or two years, perhaps T shall be able to handle it once again. With Heil 
Hitler, I rem'ain 

Yours sincerely, 

It would, of course, be interesting to know why it was necessary 
for the German Minister to have documents concerning the manner 
in which an alleged private newspaper service carried on its activities 
in a foreign country. 

On November 25, 1938, after Zapp had returned to the United 
States from his visit to Berlin headquarters, he addressed a second 
communication to Herr Rudolf Leitner, the German Minister to 
South Africa, exhibit No. 11, which discloses that Zapp, while he 
was active in South Africa, must have interested himself not only in 
the securing and dissemination of news but also in the compilation 
of some "plans" which he now complained were resting "under the 
files and papers of the Berlin Ministries." 

* For facsimile of original, see p. 1122. 

* For fassimile of original, see p. 1122. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1123. 


[Exhibit No. 11"] 

Dr. Manfred Zapp 

gladstone hotel 

114 East 52nd Street, New York City 

[Telegraphic Address: "Transnews"] 

New Yoek, "Novemler 25, i93.S'. 

To the Legation of the German Rehch, Herrn Rudolf Leitner, 

German Legation, Pretoria, South Africa. 

Dear Mb. Minister : I wish to thanli you very much for your kind letter of 
October 21, 1938. I am also sorry that South Africa which I worked over with 
such care and love is now lost to my view. I am now only kept posted con- 
cerning the development which Transocean is taking in South Africa. In any 
case, I still correspond personally today with Mr. Dunn and Mr. Home respec- 
tively the General Manager and the Assistant General Manager of the South 
African Press Association in Johannesburg. However, with time this also 
probably will lapse into somnolence despite all my efforts. 

My other plans which I drew up in South Africa rest, so it appears, under 
the files and papers of the Berlin Ministries. Probably they will never be 
realized. A few days ago when the official for the British Empire in the 
Division "Ausland" of the Press Division of the Government in the Reichsmin- 
istry for proper enlightenment and propaganda (I believe that so reads his 
designation), Dr. Wisemann here for a few days in New York, promised me 
to have my plans concerning South Africa brought up again for discussion. 
In as much as the files are no longer with him, I do not think that the matter 
will be brought up again. It is a pity, but I can no longer concern myself 
about it. 

My task here in America is so big and so difficult that it demands all my 
energies. I do not think that I could have been entrusted with such a task 
at a more unfavorable moment. Despite this, however, I hope to get along. 
The press here propagates under headline atrocity stories which presumably 
come from the News Chronicle or the Manchester Guardian. If these papers 
really did carry this news, which recalls the cutting off of hands of children in 
Belgiinu at the time of the outbreak of the War, then surely you have read 
the same news in South Africa, if not in the Daily Mail and in the Star then 
in the Daily Express in Johannesburg. Almost all New York is enraged against 
the German barbarians. That is the atmosphere in which I must spread 
Transocean. However, I believe that I will still succeed in handling the local 

Again my thanks for your kind letter with the request that you transmit 
my obedient regards to your esteemed wife. I remain with Heil Hitler. 

Manfred Zapp. 

It can hardly be contended that Transocean News Service was a 
private agency and not dependent for direction upon officials of the 
German Government who are now in the United States — for direction 
as to the policy that this news service was to pursue. An indication 
of this situation is to be found in exhibit No. 12, which is a letter 
dated November 25, 1938, from Zapp to his brother in Duesseldorf, 
Germany. In the postscript of this letter, Zapp states that he has 
a good deal to do with one Herrn von Gienanth, who is a represen- 
tative of the Propaganda Ministry in the Germany Embassy in 
Washington. A portion of the postscript of this letter, when trans- 
lated, reads as follows: 

^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1124. 


[Exhibit No. 12^2] 

* * * Ginand studied with you in Munich. He is now the representative of 
the Propaganda Ministry in tlie Embassy in Washington. He seems to be a 
very agreeable fellow. Do you know him well? Write me about this because 
I have a great deal to do with him. 

On November 25, 1938, Zapp also addressed a letter to his brother, 
Dr. Norbert Zapp, in Dusseldorf , Germany. A portion of that letter, 
exhibit No. 13, states that Zapp had a great deal to do professionally 
with the Charge d'Affaires of the German Embassy in Washington, 
Dr. Hans Thomsen, The translation reads as follows : 

[Exhibit No. 13 "] 

* * * Yesterday in Washington I was with Thomsen who sends his best 
regards to you. Thomsen is now Charge d'Affaires again. This is very con- 
venient for me, because professionally I have a great deal to do with him. 
Thomsen will probably stay here a long time if the political situation does not 
become more acute. 

The investigation discloses that the German Embassy and the 
various German consulates throughout the country took a lively 
interest in spreading the work of the Transocean News Service 
throughout tlie country. Thei records disclose that these German 
officials not only acted in an advisory capacity to Zapp but that they 
were also actively engaged as solicitors and collection agencies for 
the Transocean News Service. 

Exhibit No. 14, a letter dated February 13, 1939, from Zapp to 
the German Embassy in Washington, discloses that the Embassy 
collected $44 from various German-American newspapers throughout 
the country and transmitted the money to Dr. Manfred Zapp. 

[Exhibit No. li^*] 

February 13, 1939. 
Oerman Embassy, 

Washington, D. C: 
I acknowledge your kind letter of February 6 together with the check for the 
fees paid in after January 31 for Transocean News, the amount of whidi in 
the sum of $44.00 is comprised as follows: 

New Yorker Staatszeitung, February $25. 00 

Willi Seuren, Philadelphia 1.00 

Omaha Taegliche Tribune, February until .Tune 5. 00 

California Demokrat, February and March 2. 00 

Clemens Marx, Dtsch. Amer. Handelskammer in San Francisco, Feb- 
ruary and March 2. 00 

Waechter und Anzeiger in Cleveland, February and March 2. 00 

California Staatszeitung in Los Angeles, February 2. 00 

Deutsche Zeitung fuer Canada in Winnipeg, February until June .5. 00 

$44. 00 
Heil Hitler, 

Manptjed Zapp. 

Exhibits Nos. 15 and 16 disclose that Charge d'Affaires, Dr. Hans 
Thomsen, on March 6, 1939, requested Zapp' to transmit the Trans- 
ocean News Service not only to the Consul General in Ottawa and 
Montreal, Canada, but also to Adrien Arcand who at that time was 
the Fuehrer of the Canadian National Unity Party. At this point 

" For facsimile of oi'iginal, see p. 1125. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1126. 
"For facsimile of original, see p. 1127. 


it is pertinent to note that Canada, shortly after declaring war on 
Germany, found it necessary to place Arcand in a concentration camp. 

[Exhibit No. 15 ^^] 

Washington, D, C, March 6, 1939. 
Deab Zapp : In the event that you have not yet done so may I not now request 
that you send regularly the Transoceanic Service in English to the Consul General 
at Ottawa and to the Consul in Montreal. 

In addition I wish you would send an offer of the English Service to M. 
Adrien Arcand, Case Postal 2290, Montreal, the leader (fuehrer) of the Canadian 
National Unity Party (Parti de I'Unite Nationale due Canada) by way of trial. 
I look over the Service regularly daily, and I find tliat it is comprehensive, 
reliable, and well edited. I hope that the difficulties about which we spoke a few 
weeks ago have been removed. Let me know if they have not been, for I am very 
eager to do everything from here that I can to place the Service upon a normal 
and business like basis. 
Sincerely yours, 

[Exhibit No. 16"] 

March 9, 1939. 
To the CouNSEixoB of the Embassy, Dr. Hans Thomsen, 

German Embassy, Washington, D. G. 

Dear Thomsen : Many thanks for your friendly letter of March 6. The 
General Consulate in Ottawa and the Consulate in Montreal have received Trans- 
oceanic service in German regularly. Beginning with today they will receive the 
English service. 

I have arranged also for M. Adrien Arcand to receive the Service regularly. 
I sent him the accompanying memoranda. 

A part of my difficulties have been removed. But I have other difficulties, 
since we can pick up our Service here only irregularly, because the daily sendings 
are at times weak, at times cannot be heard, or disturbed by strong static. In 
addition I have been compelled to take over a per.soimel exchange, so that for 
the present at least, I am unable to get to Washington. 

I plan to get to Washington however, in about 14 days — within a week if 

Auf Wiedersehen 

It is quite evident that, at all times, Manfred Zapp felt himself 
to be under the direction and supervision of the German Embassy. 
Exhibit No. 17, a letter dated Marcli 14, 1 939, from Zapp to Dr. Hans 
Thomsen, is a report by Zapp to the Embassy as to the manner in 
which he had registered with the State Department as an agent of a 
foreign principal. 

[Exhibit No. 17 "J 

MARCH 14, 1939. 
To the CotTNSEixoB OF THE EMBASSY, Dr. Hans Thomsen, 

German Embassy, Washington, D. C. 

Deab Thomsen : Enclosed herewith I send you an article from the Sunday 
Mirror which will interest you. 

Today already I received from the Department of State, Charles W. Yost, 
Assistant Chief, Division of Controls, a friendly request to register, which was 
addressed to the Transocean Press Service. As you know, I registered under my 
name in the belief that this sufficed, and, therefore, I wrote to Mr. Charles W. 
Yost a letter, a copy of which I enclose. 

" For facsimile of original, see p. 1128. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1129. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1130. 


I intend to come to Washington as soon as possible, but will not be able to 
come this week or the next few weeks because I have to carry through various 
changes of personnel in my office. 

With warm greetings. 

Heil Hitler! 

Just now a representative of the Radio Daily came to me and questioned me 
concerning the reason for the Sunday Mirror article. Enclosed herewith are my 

1. Article. 

2. Copy. 

Exhibit No. 18 plainly illustrates that Manfred Zapp and those 
affiliated with him felt it to be part of their duties to advise the German 
Embassy of the identity and background of persons who contemplated 
voyages to Germany. The ostensible purpose for this was to prepare 
the "proper reception" for such people at the time they arrived in 
Germany. Exhibit No. 18 discloses that Zapp advised the Secretary 
in the German Embassy to inform Berlin of the prospective arrival 
in Germany of Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Wells. Zapp suggested that 
Wells be put in touch with Dr. Draeger, of the Karl Schurtz Associa- 
tion in Berlin, as well as with Dr. Froehlich, and Dr. Boemer, of the 
German Foreign Office. 

[Exhibit No. 18 i*] 

June 27, 1939. 
Dr. Hekbert Blankenhorn, 

German Embassy, Wasli'mgton, D. C 

Dear Mr. Blankenhorn : On the occasion of my last visit to Washington, I 
told you that Mr. Charles A. Wells intended to leave for Germany on July 1, 
together with his wife and small son. 

Charles A. Wells is a descendant of a Quaker family and is therefore very 
strongly opposed to war. His wife is the descendant of an old Southern family 
and is therefore traditionally extremely anti-Semitic. The couple entertain a 
very high appreciation of Germany and German culture. They have been in 
Germany a number of times, have traveled around the world several times, and 
prefer to travel on German ships, boycotts notwithstanding. 

Charles A. Wells is a journalist and artist, and he has lectured extensively in 
this country in the hope of contributing to the cause of universal peace and an 
appreciation of other peoples. His articles are syndicated through his own 
syndicate. They are carried in 110 papers. His wife contributes weekly articles 
to women's papers and magazines under her maiden name of Elizabeth MacRae 

It would be of interest to me if you would commend Mr. Charles A. Wells to 
Dr. Draeger, of the Karl Schurtz Association, with the request that he help him 
to see in Germany things in which he is particularly interested. Mr. Wells is 
especially interested in visiting several press agencies and papers in Berlin. In 
addition he is particularly interested, as an artist, in the placard (or billboard) 
craft, especially political placards. He would like also to gather information 
concerning the relationship of the press and the formation of public opinion 
as it is expressed with respect to the present regime. 

As a contributor to women's magazines and journals, Mrs. Wells is interested 
in interior arrangements of various types of houses, including those of both rich 
and poor. She is interested also in new types of synthetic materials, furniture, 
horticulture, home economics, the care of children, etc. I think that we can 
render some real help here through Dr. Draeger. I intend to commend Mr. 
Wells personally to Dr. Froehlich, of the Propaganda Ministry. He can, if he is 
interested, introduce him to Dr. Boemer. A visit to Minister Freytag probably 
would be of mutual interest. 

I should be grateful to you if you would present Mr. and Mrs. Wells in Berlin 
at an early date, since they leave on July 1st. 

With greetings of Heil Hitler ! 

Manfred Zapp. 

^^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1131. 


With regard to Mr. Charles A. Wells' visit to Germany, exhibit 19 
illustrates that Zapp was not content merely with advising officials of 
the German Government in Washington bnt that he took the matter 
up directly with the head of the Propaganda Ministry in Berlin. The 
letter is self-explanatory. 

[Exhibit No. 19 "] 

June 30, 1939. 
To Dr. Froeiilich, 

Pioijaganda Ministry, Division of the Foreign Press, 

Berling W. Wilhelmstrasse. 

Dear Mr. Froehijch : Today an American friend of mine, Mr. Charles A. 
Wells leaves on the "Bremen" for Germany. 

Charles A. Wells is the descendant of a Qnaker family and is consequently 
strongly opposed to war. His wife is the descendant of an old Southern family, 
and is traditionally strongly anti-Semitic. This couple holds Germany and 
German Knltur in high esteem. They have heen in Germany on ninnerous occa- 
sions, have traveled around the world on several occasions and prefer to travel 
on German steamers, all boycotting to the contrary. 

Charles A. Wells is a journalist, an artist, and gives many lectures in the 
hope that through his efforts he may contribute to the cause of universal 
peace and an apprechxtion of other nations. His articles are syndicated, and 
are published in 110 newspapers. His wife writes for Women's Magazines 
and contributes weekly articles under her maiden name of Elizabeth MacRea 
Boykin. In addition Wells has certain plans for the removal of racial (or 
national) prejudices. These are prol)abIy interesting enough to listen to. If 
you think that Dr. Boemer would be interested please be good enough to 
introduce Mr. Wells to him. Mr. Wells Is particuhirly desirous of visiting 
some press buresuis and papers in Berlin; and as an artist he is particularly 
interested in the placard (bill-board) industry, especially in political bill-boards. 
In addition he would like to have information concerning the relation of the 
Press and the intiuence it may exert upon the public opinion with respect to 
the pre.sent regime. 

I shall appreciate it if you will receive Mr. Wells and if you may be able 
to help him. 

With best wishes and Hell Hitler, 

Exhibit No. 20 is a letter from Zapp to Charles A. Wells, under 
date of June 30, 1939, in which he transmits to Mr. Wells letters of 
introduction to several well-connected people in Germany. 

[Exhibit No. 20 »] 

June 30, 1939. 
Herrn Charles A. Wells, 

16 Greoiacres, Scarsdale, Neto Ym-k. 

Dear Mr. Wetxs : I enclose herewith letters of introduction to : 

Fran Marge Hoffman, Berlin, who is a very fine lady and a very good friend 
of mine. She is in the second half of forty, has a very nice personality and 
you may learn many things from her. 

Dr. Frochlich, Ministry of Propaganda and Public Enlightenment in the 
Department of Foreign Press. He will help you a lot and I hope you will 
see him. 

Herr Gu enter Kaufmann, Editor of "Wille und Macht", one of the outstanding 
magazines on foreign policies and youth movement. He is an outstanding young 
chap and will probably help you a great deal. 

Dr. Waiter Heynen, Editor, Author of many books and pamphlets. He is 
very much interested in foreign policies and could give you many good in- 

>" For facsimile of original, see p. 1132. 
=»For facsimile of original, see pp. 1133-1135. 


Dr. Max Glaus, of the "Deutsche Allgeineine Zeitung" and "Deutsche Verlag, 
Berlin". He has been in America on a lecturing trip and is well informed on 
foreign affairs. He probably could help you. 

Manfred von HanenschUd, Deutsche Centralbodenkredit A. G., Berlin N. W. 
7, Unter den Linden 4S-50 is a close friend of mine and is holding a position 
as a lawyer in a big bank like Reuben. 

With best regards, 

Yours very sincerely, 

It will be recalled from a previous exhibit that one Herrn von 
Gienanth was attached to the German Embassy in Washington as 
head of the Propaganda Ministry. Exhibit No. 21 shows that Zapp 
was in the habit of making periodical reports to the Embassy, for,, 
on July 1, 1939, he addressed a communication to von Gienanth,, 
enclosing a copy of his weekly report. 

[Exhibit No. 21 ~^] 

July 1, 1939. 

Herrn Freiherr Ulrich von Gienanth, 

German Emhassy, Washington, D. G. 
De-vr Gienanth : I enclose herewith for your use a copy of my weekly report 
of June 16 in which I reported concerning my visit to the World's Fair. 
Heil Hitler! 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 22 is especially ilhnninating in showing that Zapp's 
reports were made not only to the Embassy in Washington but also 
to his home office in Berlin, for, on July 12, 1939, Zapp was in receipt 
of a communication from Dr. H. T. Froehlich, who has been previously 
identified as being in charge of the Propaganda Ministry in Berlin, 
in wliich Froehlich advised Zaj^p that he was in receipt of all reports 
from the United States and that such reports were "most instructive 
for me." 

[Exhibit No. 22=2] 
Dr. H. Th. Froehlich 


Berlin, July 12, 1939. 
Herrn Dr. Manfked Zapp, 

S-'il Madison Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Db. Zapp : For your last letter, as well as for the former of Feb. 17th, I 
thank you very much. 

Inasmuch as I am on a vacation until the middle of August, I have requested 
that Dr. Wismann — who has been promoted to Secretary of tlie Legation — take 
care of my American friends. 

I regret exceedingly that the report on the Association of Foreign Press Cor- 
respondents has still not been submitted. But I liave been very glad to see all 
the other reports from over there, and I am quite satisfied that Mr. Van Homeier 
is transmitting copies of all reports to me, which are most instructive for me. 

I do not know when I shall come over there again. But in any case I shall 
be glad to talk to you again, whether it be in Berlin or New York. 

With kindest regards and Heil Hitler, 
Sincerely yours, 

(signed) Dr. H. Th. Froehlich. 

21 For facsimile of original, see p. 1135. 

22 For facsimile of original, see p. 1136. 


Exhibit No. 23 strengthens the conchision that Zapp and his associ- 
ates considered it a part of their task to keep the Embassy in Wash- 
ington, and consequently the Nazi Government in Germany, advised 
of the intended visits to Germany of persons who should receive 
"proper attention" at the time of their arrival in Germany. In 
exhibit No. 23, Zapp advised Mr. Heribert von Strempel of the 
Gei-man Embassy that a certain Irish Catholic leader in New York 
City who was hostile to Germany was sailing shortly for a visit to 
Germany, and Zapp suggested that it be arranged in Berlin that 
this individual "falls into the right hands." 

[Exhibit No. 23 23] 

July 28, 1939. 
Herrn Legation Counsellor, Heribert von Strempel, 

Oerman Embassy, Washington, D. C. 

Dear Strempel: I should like to inform you today that I have learned that 
Mr. Gritiin "Managing Editor of the New York Inquirer," a Catholic Irish 
leader in New York, who, in contrast to his brother, is not very friendly to 
Germany, is to sail next Wednesday on an American steamer for Germany. 
Perhaps Berlin could be notified so that he falls into the right hands. Griffln 
is travelling as a private citizen and is on a personal information journey. 

Warm greetings, Heil Hitler! 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 24 is a letter under date of July 13, 1939, from the 
German consulate at San Francisco, Calif., to Transocean News 
Service in New York City, requesting information as to the manner 
in which the consulate is to balance on its books the cost of sending 
Transocean News Service to certain clients in California. It will 
be noted that Transocean News Service according to this communi- 
cation dealt directly with the consulates, rather than with the client 
who was furnished with the news service. 

[Exhibit No. 24 «] 

German Consulate General 

San Francisco, California, 
201 SoNSOME Street 26 O'Farrell Street, July 13, 1939. 


Before I audit the accompanying accounts I should appreciate an explana- 
tion as to whether it concerns the cost of the copy which until now has been 
sent without charge. 

How much will the cost of the California Democrat and the German- 
American Chamber of Commerce publications come to? The first publication 
will be paid for from here. 

By authority of 

(signed) Lopeb. 

August 24, 1939. 

No answer has yet been received to the above. May I not call it to your 
By authority 

Transocean Berlin, 
S4I Madison Avenue, New York City. 

^' For facsimile of original, see p. 1137. 
** For facsimile of original, see p. 1138. 


The evidence before the committee indicates that Manfred Zapp 
made certain lectnre tours through the United States at the direction 
of German officials in this country and that, upon the completion of 
these tours, Zapp immediately reported the results thereof to his 
superiors. Exhibit No. 25 is a letter dated July 14, 1939, to Zapp 
from Blankenhorn, secretary of the German Embassy in Washington. 
The second paragraph of the letter reads as follows : 

[Exhibit No. 25 2=] 

* * * Your lecture at Charlottesville has found considerable echo in the 
American press, and it appears to me that the main points have been very 
well brought out in this report. We are glad that Mr. Tonn will tal^e over 
the direction of your office here in Washington, but I still hope that you per- 
sonally will come here frequently in order to stay in constant touch with us. 
With kind regards and Heil Hitler, 

(Signed) Blankenhorn. 

The evidence further indicates that the German officials in this 
•country considered it important that they furnish Zapp with any 
and all information which would facilitate his work here in the 
United States. Exhibit No. 26 is a communication under date of 
July 22, 1939, from Manfred Zapp to von Strempel of the German 
Embassy transmitting a certain periodical for his attention. 

[Exliibit No. 26 2"] 

July 22, 1939. 
To the German Embassy Legation Counsellor von Strempex, 

Washington, D. C. 
1 enclose herewith a periodical, "The Foreign Outlook," published by Arthur 
W. IVIacpherson, who, during the war was in the British Secret Service. This 
periodical will certainly interest you. Possibly, also it is known to you. 
Mr. Macpherson has his office in the Canadian Pacific Building. 
With warmest greetings, 

Manfred Zapp. 

It has been previously noted that Zapp kept the Embassy advised 
of the intentions of persons to make voyages to Germany. Exhibit 
No. 27, which is a letter dated August 2, 1939, from Zapp to Herr 
Fritz Kellermeier, commercial attache of the German consulate in 
New York City, indicates that Zapp also kept his superior advised 
of the utterances of American citizens who are hostile to Nazi Ger- 

[Exhibit No. 27 ^^ 

August 2, 1939. 
Herrn Fritz Kellermeieb, 

Convmercial Attache of the German Embassy, 

Oerman Consulate General, 11 Battery Place, "New York City. 

Dear Herr Kellermeier : Enclosed, as I promised, is a speech by the Chairman 
of the Board of Directors of the R. C. A. who has made utterances of a particu- 
larly hateful nature against Germany. 

I trust that this lecture will interest you. 

Heil Hitler! 

Manfred Zapp. 

26 For facsimile of original, see p. 1139. 
2« For facsimile of original, see p. 1140. 
^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1141. 


The evidence before the committee further discloses that the Ger- 
man Government not only exercised a certain amount of control over 
the operations of Transocean News Service but also had interested it- 
self in the financial affairs of the organization. Exhibit No. 28, which 
is dated August 3, 1939, from Zapp to the German Embassy in Wash- 
ington, indicates that, whenever the financial condition of Trans- 
ocean News Service became strained, Zapp immediately sought the 
advice of the Embassy as to the manner in which the situation should 
be remedied. 

[Exhibit No. 28 ««] 

August 3, 1940. 
German Embassy, 

Washington, D. C. 

The supply of foreign exchange has during this month once again broken down 
and I am in the very greatest need. I should like to describe our distress more 
precisely : 

On Monday July 31, I was due to pay Transradio for the current week, $504.42, 
as well as njonthly charges, $279.49. This was impossible. In as much as we 
have a lot of business with Transradio, we can lot Transradio wait. On Tues- 
day, August 1, there was due : monthly rent for our offices in New York and 
Washington, gas, electricity, teleplione, telegraph and other bills, as well as the 
salary of Herrn von Eckhardt. Naturally, I was imable also to pay these bills. 
It brings us in considerably disrepute when we are not able to meet our monthly 
obligations punctually. Furthermore, on August 1, payments on taxes were also 
due. I was unable to pay these. I now make jiiyself punishable. Possibly, that 
places the existence of our entire office in dang<M-. Particularly disagreeat)le is 
the fact that I must pay the weeks wages tomorrow and have no means at my 
disposal for this. Already last week I laid out $25 for my own salary. That 
was all that I coiild dispense with. In as much as our employees who depend 
upon weekly wages, are not in a position to wait — they have no credit with 
their grocers and vegetable dealers, everything must be paid in — and I 
cannot let the people starve who have to pay their rents at the beginning of the 
month — 'Some of them have families to support — I have run around in order to 
get money. I have succeeded in raising $300 from a garage proprietor in order 
to pay these wages. These are the troubles which I bear for Transocean. 

In addition, there are private troubles, in so far as I got a car for myself 
several months ago with which I could make my journies. Naturally, this car is 
not yet paid up. The payments fall due on the 15th of each month. If I do not pay 
my installment by the 5th of this month, the car will be taken from me. Thereby, 
I lose all previous payments and the complete ownership to the car. My credit 
is really exhausted. I have tried to get credit in various places and thereby 
have put myself In a most disagreeable position. I am extremely hindered In 
my work. 

Possibly, we will have to suspend the transmission of Transocean News in 
the next few days because we have no money to send our news by mail. What 
that means you know yourself. 

I wish to seek the advice of the Embassy on how I can quickly get out of 
this terrible situation. 

Heil Hitler ! 

Manfked Zapp. 

The evidence further indicates that at times the German Embassy 
sent direct financial assistance to Transocean News Service when that 
organization found itself in financial difficulties. Exhibit No. 29 is 
a letter dated August 4, 1939, from Manfred Zapp to the German 
Embassy in which he expresses his gratitude for a certain remittance 
received from the Embassy. 

^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1142. 


[Exhibit No. 29^8] 

August 4, 1939. 
German Embassy, 

Washington, D. C. 
Today I wish unfortunately to bring to your attention that at the beginning 
of next week I must cease temporarily the dispatch of Trausocean News because 
I lack the necessary means to buy postage stamps. My postage stamp supply 
is sufficient for four days, thanks to your remittance of August 1, for postal 
charges of last month. 
Hell Hitler ! 

Manfked Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 30 heightens the contention that Transocean depended 
upon the Embassy for financial assistance. Tliis is an unsigned 
letter, under date of August 9, 1939, to the secretary of the German 
Embassy, Heribert von Strempel, which was taken from the files of 
Manfred Zapp. The letter reads, in part, as follows : 

[Exliibit No. SO^*] 

August 9, 1939. 
Legation Counsellor Hekibert von Stkempel, 

German Embassy, Washington, D. C. 

De:ar Strempel : Berlin has just now sent us $934. That is merely a drop in 
the bucket. From this I was able to pay immediately the rent, telephone, and 
telegraph bills of last month and the wages. 

I have not paid : Outstanding loans. Herr Tonn, Herr von Eckardt, and I 
can only keep back a very small sum for our daily needs. Transradio is still 
outstanding with $1,300. I already am dunned from every side and, therefore, 
keep away from my office as much as possible. The situation is simply intol- 
erable. Upon my telegraphic proposal to proceed to Berlin, I received the 
polite answer : "Please do not depart. Wait for further news." Therefore, I 
remain here for the time being and try to make my way through. This is for 
your personal information. 

[The rest of the letter deals with Zapp's meeting with several personal 
friends known to Zapp.] 

It was previously stated that Zapp also took under his direction 
the operations of Transocean News Service in Canada. Exhibit No. 
31, which is a letter dated August IT, 1939, to Transocean News 
Service in New York from the German consul in Winnipeg, indicates 
that the consul received Transocean News Service directly from the 
German Embass}'^ in Washingtoii. 

[Exhibit No. 31 si] 

German Consulate 

Winnipeg, Man., Canada, August 11, 1939. 

341 Madison Avenue, Neio York, N. T., U. S. A. 

I send you herewith a check for $5.90 in settlement of your account of May 31 
and July 1, of this year, for postage (expenses for postage). 

In your letter of the 9th of this month you inform me that you have been 
compelled temporarily to suspend delivery of Transocean News. Transocean 
News was of great value for the information (instruction) of the consulate and 
the news was transmitted at times (for the time being) to the German Consulate 
at Vancouver. I hear that the delivery of Transocean, so far has not been 
su.spended at other places. I am therefore unable to understand why delivery 
of the news to this consulate has been suspended. As you may know we formerly 

^ For facsimile of original, see p. 114,S. 
3" For facsimile of original, see p. 1144. 
'1 For facsimile of original, see p. 1145. 

274778 — 40 — pt. 2 2 


received this news regularly from the German Embassy at Washington. I 
express the sincere wish (I urge you) to continue to send Transoceau News to 
this consulate. The postage involved I shall naturally be very glad to defray. 
Heil Hitler. 

The German Consul. 
I. Y. 

Exhibit No. 32 is quite definite in slioAving that Transocean News 
Service was supplied to the various German consuhites in the United 
States at the direction of the German Charge d'Affaires, Herr Thom- 
sen, and, furthermore, that in some instances where the consul sup- 
plied the service to a newspaper in this country it was incumbent 
upon the consul either to pay for that service out of his own funds 
or to take the necessary steps to collect the charges from the client 

[Exhibit No. 32 32] 

August 30, 1939. 
Geeman Oonsuiate General, 

26 O'Farrcll Street, San Francisco, California. 

Reference XV 1 11 7e. 

I thank you for the copy of your letter of July 13 which I answered on July 25. 
I hereby inform you once again that the expenses of supplying the consulates lies 
upon the consulates by agreement with the German Charge Herr Dr. Thomsen. 
Consequently, I must send you a bill of $3.04 for the month of June and $4.72 
for the month of July. Should the expenses of supplying Transocean News to 
the "California Demokrat" be borne by you I will send the "California Derao- 
krat" the Transocean News for the same net price as I send it to you just as is 
the case with the German-American Chamber of Commerce. 

I take the liberty of enclosing a copy of my letter of July 25 together with 
the corresponding bills for charges still due. 

Heil Hitler ! 

Manfred Zapp, 


Exhibit No. 33 is a letter from Manfred Zapp to Herr Consul 
Mueller at the German consulate, 17 Batterj^ Place, New York City, 
dated August 31, 1939, which indicates that Zapp was determined 
that certain of his activities should not at some later date be subjected 
to scrutiny by anybody, except of course those attached to the Nazi 

[Exhibit No. 33 »] 

August 31, 1939. 
Heren Consul Mueller, 

German Consulate General, 

17 Batter]/ Place, New York Cltij. 

Dear Herr Mueller : I should like to send you today through my secretary, 
Frau Lehwald, a file and request you to lock this up in your .safe. 

I would like to ask you that in case you burn your archives, you also burn this 

Heil Hitler! 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 34 is a letter from Zapp to Herr Consul Herbert 
Scholz of the German consulate in Boston, Mass., under date of Sep- 
tember 9, 1939, which in effect is a request by Zapp to have Scholz act 
as a solicitor or agent for the Transocean News Service. 

32 For facsimile of original, see p. 1146. 
*»For facsimile of original, see p. 1147. 


[Exhibit No. 34 «] 

SEPTEMBEai 9, 1939. 
Herrn CoNSxn:. Heebeet Scholz, 

German Consulute, Boston, Mass. 

Dear Scholz : As I told you briefly Sunday from now on I am delivering our 
Transocean News to private persons. Tlie price for this Transocean News 
amounts to $3 per week. 

I would be very grateful to you it you could furnish me with a list of people 
who are interested in our Transocean News. 

Naturally, for this price Transocean News may not be published. If it is to 
be published, the price is adapted to the circulation of the publications concerned. 

It gave me great pleasure to see you again and I greet you most warmly. 

Heil Hitler! 

Manfred Zapp. 

Dr. Scholz, the German consul in Boston, answered the above letter 
on September 12, 1939, enclosing a list of prospective clients of Trans- 
ocean News Service in the Boston area. 

[Exhibit No. 35 s^] 

German Consuxate 

boston, massachusettts 

39 Chestnut Street 

septembe31 12, 1939. 
Herrn Manfred Zapp, 

Transocean, S'tl Madison Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Zapp : I confirm with this receipt your letter of September 9th, from 
which you advise me that from now on you will also furnish Transocean news 
to private individuals. Enclosed I am transmitting to you a list of those persons 
whom you may contact in order to ask them whether they would be interested in 
this Transocean service. With cordial regards and Heil Hitler, 

(signed) Dr. Herbekt Scholz, 

Oerman Consul. 

On September 14, 1939, Zapp answered the foregoing communication 
with a letter expressing his appreciation for the list of prospective cus- 
tomers that had been submitted to hhn by Dr. Scholz. This exhibit, 
No. 36, also indicates that Scholz acted as a collection agent for Trans- 
ocean News Service. 

[Exhibit No. 36 38] 

September 14, 1939. 
HB3tRN Dr. Herbert Scholz, 

German Consulate, 30 Chestnut Street, Boston, Mass. 

Dear Scholz : I thank you very much for your kind letter of September 12 and 
the list of those possibly interested in subscribing to the Transocean Service. 
That is what I call prompt attention. Hearty thanks ! 

I also acknowledge with thanks receipt of your letter of September 12 with the 
attached check in the sum of $9.00 which is the amount Herr W. F. Baumann, 19 
Renwick Road, Melrose, Massachusetts, paid in to you in order to receive Trans- 
ocean Service in the English language for the next three months. This payment 
is in error, however, because the Transocean fees run at the rate of $3.00 per 
week and not $3.00 per month. The fees for paper alone would exceed $3.00 per 
month, not to speak of postage. 

With hearty greetings and Heil Hitler, 

Manfred Zapp. 

34 For facsimile of original, see p. 1148. 
s5 For facsimile of original, see p. 1149. 
**For facsimile of original, see p. 1150. 


Exhibit No. 37, which is a letter dated September 15, 1939, to Zapp 
from Dr. Scholz in Boston, is the communication in which Scholz 
transmitted the money which he had collected from a private client of 
Transocean News Service. 

[Exhibit No. Sis'] 

German Consulate 
boston, massachusetts 

39 Chestnut Street 

September 13, 1939. 


3I^1 Madison Avenue, Neio York City. 

Enclosed I am transmitting a check for $9.00, which represents the amount 
which Mr. W. F. Baumann, 19 Renwiek Road, Melrose, Mass., has paid in cash 
here in order to receive for the next three months the Transocean service in 

I request that you especially take note not to send Mr. Baumann bill for the 
next three months. 

(signed) Dr. Herbert Scholz, Qerman Consul. 

Exhibit No. 38 is a letter dated September 9, 1939, to Herrn Karl 
F. Klein, of Baltimore, Md., from Manfred Zapp, in which it is indi- 
cated that Transocean News Service was to l)e broadcasted and that 
Zapp was informed of this fact through the good offices of Herrn 
von Strempel, of the German Embassy. 

[Exhibit No. aS^^] 

September 9, 1939. 
Herrn Karl F. Klein, 

859 N. Howard Street, Baltimore, Maryland. 

Dear Herb Klein: As I have heard from Herrn von Strempel, the financing 
of a German news hour will be taken care of. I, therefore, send you from 
today on the Transocean News at the price of $10 per week. I would ask you 
to give me the station and the time of transmission. Also, I would be grateful 
if you would let me know if our Transocean News i-eaches you in time, so that 
we can arrange our transmission in accordance therewith. 

With best greetings, 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 39, which is a letter from Manfred Zapp to Heribert 
von Strempel, of the German Embassy, dated September 12, 1939, 
indicates that Zapp immediately advised the Embassy as to the pro- 
grams that the radio station mentioned in exhibit No. 38 would 

[Exhibit No. 39 »>] 

September 12, 1939. 
Herrn Legation Counsellor Hekibest von STREirpEL, 

German Embassy, Washington, D. C. 
Dear Strempel: Herr Karl F. Klein will bring Transocean News over the 
Station WCBM, as follows: 

Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday at 9 o'clock in the morning. 
Thursday evening at 7 : 15. 
With warmest greetings, Heil Hitler ! 

Manfred Zapp. 

37 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1151, 11.52. 

'* For facsimile of original, see p. 11.53. 

*9 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1154—1156. 



Exhibit No. 40, which is a commiiincation to the German consul 
general in S'an Francisco from Zapp indicates that the consulate acted 
as a collection agency. 

[Exhibit No. 40"] 

September 13, 1939. 
Gebman Consulate GENEaiAL, 

201 Sansome Street, San Francisco, California. 
Betr. AM: XVIII 7 e 

I acknowledge with best thanks the receipt of your check in the amount 
of $20.62 which is accounted for as follows : 
In payment of the bills for the Consulate for June, July, and August 

in the amount of $11- 42 

In payment of the bills for the "California Demokrat" of July and 

August in the amount of $9. 20 

T'otal 20.62 

Heil Hitler! 

Manfeed Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 41 is a telegram from Manfred Zapp to German Minis- 
ter Rheinbeck, Guatemala City, wherein he indicates the itinerary of 
a trip which he was making to Panama. Here again is the fact, 
which will be supported by further documentary evidence, that Zapp 
at all times reported his activities to officials of the German Govern- 

[Exhibit No. 41 "i] 

[Postal Telegraph] 
[Delayed Cable] 

September 15, 1939. 


Diplogerma, Guatemala City. 
Am arriving Monday evening on the plane. Continue my journey. Arrive 
Tuesday Panama. Hope I may visit you. 

IManfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 42 is a letter under date of September 26, 1939, to 
Manfred Zapp, at Panama City, Panama, from his secretary in New 
York, outlining the activities of the New York office during his 

[Exhibit No. 42^2] 

September 26, 1939. 
Herrn Dr. IManfred Zapp, 

Central Hotel, Panama City, Panama. 

Dear Doctor: I send you, attached, private mail that has come to hand 
concerning the business correspondence "Yale University, Library, New Haven," 
sent us a two-weeks' trial subscription. A Mrs. Eugenie Goering, c/o Dr. Marion 
Hortou, Windsor, Vt., has requested our "Transocean Copyright" in German 
for three months. I attended to this and sent Mrs. Goering a bill ($3.00 a 

Dr. Scholz, of Boston, gave us the name of Miss Margaret Thienes, of Clifton, 
New Jersey, who is interested and with whom I have been in correspondence 
and to whom I wrote the customary letter. 

^o For facsimile of original, see p. 1157. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1158. 
^2 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1159, 1160. 


The University of Chicago replied briefly, "Thank you for your samples, but 
we shall not wish to subscribe." Two other refusals read as follows: 

"Boston University, Henry H. Meyer, Dean, Boston — Dean Meyer has re- 
ceived to date three envelopes containing interesting bulletins about happenings 
abroad. While he finds these very interesting, he does not feel that he can 
subscribe to this service at the present time." 

"Francis P. Magoun, Jr., Cambridge, Mass— Some days ago I received with 
interest your letter describing Transocean news service. Since that time two 
sample lots (for the ISth and 19th of this mouth have been received. The 
general plan of your news service strikes me as excellent and the plan seems 
to be thoroughly realized if one may judge from the specimens. I regret, how- 
ever, that it will be quite impossible for me to subscribe and this because of the 
price. But I do not see how you could conceivably make it less expensive: 
the postage alone is considerable. Thanking you again and with regrets that I 
cannot possibly avail myself of your offer, I remain, very truly yours," 

The Consulate General at San Francisco authorized us to send only the 
German Service to the "California Democrat" which I did. 

The German Consulate in Seattle, Washington, informed us that it was closed 
and had gone over to the Consulate General at San Francisco. Accordingly 
I stopped the service to Seattle. 

The German Consulate in St. Louis, Missouri, asked if the "Globe Democrat" 
"Post-Dispatch" and "Star Times" had subscribed to the English edition of 
Transocean or whether we knew if these papers received it. I replied in the 

A refusal just received from Mr. Gerhard N. Schade, St. Paul's School, Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, reads as follows: 

"I thank you very much for having sent me the first three issues of Transocean, 
which I find most informative. To my mind, it is just the type of news reporting 
that is so urgently needed here where British and French propaganda are en- 
gulfing us from all sides. I am, however, very sorry, not to be able to subscribe 
to Transocean. First of all, the Deutsche Kurzwellensender provides me with all 
the first hand information I desire. Secondly, I am already, in a position pre- 
carious enough (through occasional lecture and newspaper articles, in which I 
tried to expound the German view point) that I cannot, as I would like to, pass 
on your news sheets to my colleagues in the faculty of our school. It would 
not only endanger my position but the status of Germans in educational work, 
which already is being attacked. I am adding a few clippings of letters which I 
had published in the Boston Herald. — You may deal with them as you please, 
but in case they should be republished in Germany, I would beg you to withhold 
my name. 

In the hope that we may all be successful in doing our part towards helping 
real truth and real justice to win, Sincerely yours * * * signed Gerhard N. 

I have considered the articles of Mr. Tonn and am sending them forward to you. 

I have kept all these letters separate in the event you contemplate communi- 
cating with Berlin about them. 

We have sent $2,015.00 to the Chase National Bank to cover our withdrawals 
of $2,155.00. I was able to pay Transradio $736.35 for September as well as 
some other unpaid accounts, already referred to. 

Herewith, Herr Doctor, my news is complete. As before we are hard at work. 

I almost had forgotten to tell you that Mrs. Wells arrived here today, and 
wanted to invite you to lunch tomorrow, and regretted your absence. 

With best wishes, I remain 
Yours obediently, 

Staatszeitung sent a check for $102. 

Exhibit No. 43 is a letter dated October 19, 1939, from Zapp to yon 
Strempel of the German Embassy, in which he reported concerning 
the dissemination of the Transocean News Service to various news- 
papers in Cleveland. Here again we have an illustration of Zapp 
asking for instructions from an attache of the Embassy. 


[Exhibit No. 43 •«] 

October 19, 1939. 
To the Counsellor or the Legation Heeibert von Strempel, 

German Emhassy, Washington, D. C. 
Deiar Strempel: At your suggestion we have sent Transocean News for one 
month to the "Cleveland News" "Press" and "Plain Dealer." After the dispatch 
of trial copies the representatives of the "Cleveland Press" came here to New 
York and inquired after our service and discussed it and showed himself willing 
possibly to take our service. As you know, however, he went to the "World 
Telegram" and there published everything which he had been told. Thereupon 
Herr Tonn stopped the trial copies to the "Cleveland Press" for one cannot 
cooperate with people who are so dishonorable. 

Trial deliveries are still being made to the papers "Plain Dealer" and "News." 
However, I should like to ask you the question as to what is to happen after the 
trial month is over? I would be very grateful to you for a brief word. 
With best greetings and Heil Hitler ! 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 44 is a letter from the German Embassy in Santiago to 
Manfred Zapp under date of November 23, 1939, in which again it is 
clear that the work of the Transocean News Service was aided by offi- 
cials of the German Government stationed in foreign countries. 

[Exhibit No. -^l^] 

Ge:rman Embassy 

Santiago, Novemier 23, 19S9. 
[Air Mail! 

Dear Mr. Zapp : Please accept my hearty thanks for your few lines of October 
23, as well as for the greetings to Herrn von Strempel, which I would ask you 
please to sincerely answer. 

Since my return I have had numerous opportunities to speak with Herrn Bianchi 
and Herrn de la Maza. Both of them send hearty greetings and look back with 
pleasure upon Panama, even though the "Katzenjammer" and the subsequent dis- 
appointment with the Conference were also in absence in the case of the Chilean 
delegates, who perhaps put too great hopes upon the Conference. 

I have also frequently spoken with Herrn Vierling and I am aware that he sent 
you a provisional answer on October 28, with which I hope that you are a bit 
satisfied. Furthermore, he assured me that he would have sent to you in the 
near future the review concerning political conditions which he promised you 
several months ago, with respect by which we will see to it that this also corre- 
sponds to facts. 

For the rest please excuse me if I confine myself to these few lines, because 
you will understand that I must be sparing witli time, but I ask you in any case 
to believe me that in each case in which you believe that I can be useful to you 
that you may call upon me as upon the rest of the Embassy. With best wishes 
and Heil Hitler. 

[Signature illegible.] 

Exhibit No. 45 is a letter dated December 5, 1939, addressed to Dr. 
Hans Thomsen at the German Embassy in Washington from Manfred 
Zapp, in which Zapp transmitted certain information which he had 
obtained at the Pan-American Conference. This letter seems to indi- 
cate that Zapp regarded himself as an agent of the German Govern- 
ment and not an individual engaged in some private enterprise. 

"For facsimile of ariginal, see p. IIGI. 
"For facsimile of original, see p. 1162. 


[Exhibit No. 45 «] 

Decembee 5, 1939. 


Ocr»utn Enihassi/, Washington, D. G. 

Dear Thomsen : Enclosed here are some notes concerning my conversation with 
the Chilean delegate to the Pan American Conference, Ambassador Don Manuel 
Biauchi, which perhaps will interest the Embassy. From this it is apparent 
how urgently the Chileans need shipping toimage and how readily they to 
buy German ships. In accordance with the provisions of the Pan American 
Declaration, the South American states can carry out a change of registration of 
ships belonging to belligerent nations or non-belligerent nations when it is a 
question of bona fide sale. 

Heil Hitler ! 

Exhibit No. 46 is a telegram dated April 1, 1940, which was found 
in the files of Manfred Zapp and which was sent to him in Chicago 
from his office in New York City, transmitting a request for certain 
information on the part of the German Embassy in Washington. 

[Exhibit No. 46 «] 

[Western Union] 

New York. N. Y., April J, 19^0. 
Manfred Zapp, 

77) c Dralcr Hotel, Chicaf/o, JUi)iois. 

Strempel urgently requests to send the reaction of the Chicago press to the 
German "White Booii directly to Berlin. 


Exhibit No. 47 is a communication addressed to Zapp from the 

secretary of the consulate in New York, under date of April 18, 1940, 

in which the consulate requested a report from Za})p. 

[Exhibit No. 47 ^'] 

Gekman Consulate General 

17 Battery Place, New York 

April 18, 1940. 
Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

SJ/t ilailimn Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Doctor Zapp : I should be grateful if you would report to me on a matter 
concerning you, on your next visit to this office. 
With kind regards and Heil Hitler, 

(signed) Schlich, 
Secretary of the Consulate. 

Exhibit No. 48 is a communication from the German Embassy in 

Washington, under date of August 8, 1940, to Transocean News Service 

in New York City, giving notice to Zapp of a change in the manner 

in which reports w^ere to be forwarded to the Embassy in Washington. 

[Exhibit No. 48 «] 

German Embassy 

^ ^ Washington, D. C, August 8, 19A0. 

To Transocean, . y . -f 

SJil Madison Avenue, New York City. 

I request that your daily telegram from today on until further notice be 
addressed to Mr. Hepp. 

(signed) von Strempel. 

*° For facsimile of original, see p. 116."?. 

** For facsimile of original, see p. 1164. 

" For facsimile of original, see p. 1164. 

** For facsimile of original, see p. 1165. 


Exhibit No. 49 is a letter from Zapp, under date of January 9, 1940, 
to the consul general in New York City, in which Zapp advised the 
consulate that he was to make a certain lecture and would look to the 
consulate for compensation. 

[Exhibit No. 49 «] 

January 9, 1940. 
To the German Generai, CoNSTjiiATE, 
Attention of Bernhard Lippeet, 

n Battery Place, Nciv York City. 
Dear Herb Lippert : Mr. W. A. Reyner, Chairman of the Program Committee 
of the Brotherhood of St. John's Lutheran and Evangelical Reformed Union 
Church of Howertown, has asked me to take upon myself a lecture on February 
6, "The Cause of Germany and her position in the World Today." I accepted his 
request by telephone and wrote him the enclosed letter of which I send you a 
copy. In as much as Herr Reyner informs me in his letter that he cannot bear 
the charges for this lecture, I trust that you will compensate me for my travel 
expenses. I will shortly place these before you and liquidate them after my 
lecture. I trust that you are in agreement therewith. 
Heil Hitler! 

MANFRB3) Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 50 is a telegram from the German Embassy in Wash- 
ington to Zapp in New York City, under date of April 13, 1940, ad- 
vising Zapp that one Ernst A. Hepp was preparing, under official 
instructions, to visit Zapp in New York City. 

[Exhibit No. 50 ^o] 

[Westen Union] 

Washington, D. C, April 13, 19-'f0. 

341 Madison Avenue, New York City. 
In accordance with official instructions received am coming to your office on 
Monday morning at ten o'clock for conference. 

(signed) Hepp. 

Exhibit No. 51 is a radiogram dated March 31, 1940, from Zapp to 
Heribert von Strempel of the German Embassy in Washington, ad- 
vising him of the news items which Zapp on that day had sent to 

[Exhibit No. 51 ^i] 



R. C. A. Communications, Inc. 

New York, March 31, 1940. 
Heribert von Strempel, 

German Embassy, 1439 Mass. Avenue, Washington, D. C. 

Foreign policy declaration Woodruff stop Unemployment in February stop 
Ship sales to foreign countries. 


Exhibit No. 52 is a cable of March 5, 1940, from Berlin to Trans- 
ocean News Service in New York City. This exhibit clearly shows 
that the Transocean News Service acted as an intermediary for in- 
structions which emanated from Germany for the attention of the 
Embassy in Washington. 

*For facsimile of original, see p. 1166. 
^0 For facsimile of original, see p. 1167. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1167. 


[Exhibit No. 52^2] 

Berlin 10 6 1045 

March 5, 1940. 
Tbansocean News, 

New York. 
German evening service at two tliirty Greenwich mean time very important. 
Immediately inform Washington. 

Exhibit No. 53 is a copy of an unsigned letter found in the files 
of the Transocean News Service. It is addressed to von Strempel 
in the German Embassy in Washington, under date of January 9, 
1940. In it von Strempel is reminded of certain items that had been 
previously called to his attention. 

[Exhibit No. 53*3] 

January 9, 1940. 
Herrn Legation Counsellor Heribert von Strempel, 

German Embassy, Washington, D. C. 

Dear Strempel: It gave me a great deal of pleasure that you were here; 
that I do not need to tell you further. 
Without doubting your good memory I should like to remind you of: 

(1) the radio station 

(2) of the oflBcer of the Columbus 

(3) of the report concerning Tonn. 

Warm greetings in advance for your kind efforts. 

Enclosed herewith I send you a copy of the letter to Mr. W. A. Reyer, 
Northampton, concerning my lecture on February 6. 
With best greetings and Heil Hitler ! 

1 Enclosure 

P. S. Perhaps you would be so kind and ask Watkins to get me a new 
Maryland license. 

Exhibit No. 54 is a communication addressed to the Transocean 
News Service in New York City, from the German consulate in 
Mobile, Ala., under date of July 10, 1940. It is self-explanatory. 

[Exhibit No. 54 "] 

German Consulate 

Mobile, Ala., U. S. A., July 10, lOJfO. 

341 Madison Avenue, New York City. 
During the absence of the undersigned for the balance of this month and for the 
month of August, you will kindly omit shipments of Transocean news. 
With best wishes. Heil Hitler! 

(signed) Spiegelman. 

Exhibit No. 55 is similar to the foregoing communication. It is from 
the German consulate in New Orleans, La., under date of April 5, 1940, 
and addressed to the Transocean News Service in New York City. 

■"For facsimile of original, see p. 1168. 
*'For facsimile of original, see p. 1168. 
'* For facsimile of original, see p. 1169. 


[Exhibit No. 55 m] 

German Consulate 

New Obleans, La., April 5, 1940. 

341 Madison Avenue, New York City. 
Inasmuch as due to excessive work the local German Government office is no 
longer able to handle tlie incoming reading matter at the extent as heretofore, I 
request that you request merely the pink sheets, summary of today's news. I am 
herewith cancelling the other editions of Transocean News (white and green 
sheets. ) I request that pink sheets be continued to be transmitted by airmail as 

(signed) Consul General E. Fbeiherr v. Spiegel. 

Exhibit No. 56 is a communication addressed to Transocean News 
Service in New York City, under date of January 18, 1940, from the 
German consulate in Chicago which is self-explanatory. 

[Exhibit No. 50°"] 

German Consltlate General 
333 N. Michigan Avenue 

Chicago, Illinois, January 18, 19^0. 

341 Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
In view of the fact that the certain individual whom this office some time ago 
recommended for furnishing of Transocean news is now taken care of directly by 
you, it is requested that for the purpose of saving foreign exchange this material 
be no longer sent by airmail to this city but by ordinary mail. The newspapers 
which are being furnished the news service by the Consulate General appear 
Tveekly, so that the expenditure of increased postage costs does not seem so urgent. 
Should the mailing of your service via ordinary mail prove to be not in accord- 
ance with the local needs here, we shall again take recourse to airmail. 

(signed) Krause Wichmann. 

Exhibit No. 57, a communication from Hepp of the German Embassy 
in Washington to Zapp, under date of May 4, 1940, transmits a certain 
news item concerning activities of the Transocean News Service in 
South America. 

[Exhibit No. 57"] 

Ge3?man Embassy 

Washington, D. C, May ^, 1940. 
Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

Transocean, 341 Madison Avenue, New York City. 
Enclosed an article of Leon Pearson which appeared in today's "Times Herald" 
which I am sure will interest you. 
Kindest regards. Heil Hitler ! 

(signed) Ernst A. Heipp. 

The following is the article referred to in the foregoing letter : 

[Exhibit No. 58 ^s] 

Below the Rio Grande — by Leon Pearson 

Many methods have been suggested to combat Nazi penetration in Latin Amer- 
ica, but Nelson Park's method was to hold a cocktail party. Park is the American 
consul in Barranquilla, Columbia, and a man who likes to see fair play. 

55 For facsimile of original, see p. 1170. 
^° For facsimile of original, see p. 1171. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1172. 
^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1173. 


Thus, when he found that German news predominated over all other news 
in the daily press of Barranquilla, for the simple reason that the German agency^ 
Trans-Ocean, gave its service away free, he decided to do something about it. 

He invited a group of Barranquilla's best businessmen to drink daiquiris in 
the patio of the consulate at half past five in the afternoon. He brought up 
the question of the press, and suggested, in the tactful manner of a host that 
something should be done to permit North America news agencies to compete 
on a fair basis with other foreign agencies. 

By the time the Daiquiris had gone the rounds a second time, somebody made 
a practical suggestion. "Let us, as businessmen, boycott any newspaper using 
Trans-Ocean by refusing to advertise in it." 

The suggestion was accepted, an agreement was entered into and put into 
immediate operation. 

Result was that Barranquilla citizens noticed a sudden withdrawal of news 
about the superior German Reich and exposition of German aims. Instead they 
got the news of the world. 

Exhibit No. 59 is a letter on the stationery of the German Embassy, 
dated April 3, 1940, transmitting certain instrnctions from the Ger- 
man Embassy in Washington. 

[Exhibit No. 59 '>''] 

German Embassy 

Washington, D. C, April 3, WJfO. 

Enclosed copies to Dr. Manfred Zapp, 341 Madison Avenue, New York City, for 
his attention. 

By order of the German Ambassador. 

(signed) VON Gienanth. 

Exhibit No. 60 is a commnnication dated April 3, 1940, to the 
German consul in Denver, Colo., via tlie German consulate general 
in San Francisco, Calif., and emanating from the German Embassy 
in Washington. This particular exhibit clearly indicates that Zapp's 
activities, even when lecturing throughout the country, were the occa- 
sion of official instructions from the Embassy in Washington to the 
consulates throughout the country. 

[Exhibit No. GO*"] 

German Embassy 

Washington, D. C, April 3, 1940. 
Re: Dr. O. M. Dickerson. 

The German Consul General in San Francisco has informed the German Em- 
bassy of your report of Feb. 23rd. 

The German Charge d'Affaires in his letter of January 6th, of which copy is 
attached hereto, has already informed Dr. Dickerson that he is imable to accept 
personally the invitation for a lecture at the Colorado State College of Education. 
The Embassy now proposes that this lecture be delivered by Dr. M. Zapp, Trans- 
ocean, 341 Madison Avenue, New York City, representative of the Transocean 
News Service in New York. Dr. Zapp has already represented the German view- 
point at other universities, for instance, at the University of Virginia in lectures 
and in debates. I request that you inform Dr. Dickerson of our proposal and 
that you request him to communicate with Dr. Zapp. 

By order. (signed) von Gienanth. 

To The German Consulate in Denver via The German Consulate General, San 

■^For facsimile of original, see p. 1174. 
«" For facsimile of original, see p. 1175. 



Exhibit No. 61 is to be read in conjunction with exhibits No. 59 and 
No. 60. It is a commimication to Dr. O. M. Dickerson, Colorado State 
College of Education, under date of January 6, 1940, from General 
Charge d'AfFaires Thomsen at the Embassy in Washington. This 
letter, in light of the two previous exhibits, is self-explanatory. 

[Exhibit No. 61 «] 

German Embassy 

Washington, D. C, January 6, 1940. 
Dr. O. M. Dickerson, 

Chairman of the Division of the Social Studies, 

Colorado State College of Education, Greeley, Colorado. 
Mt Db3ar Dr. Dickerson : I very much appreciate your kind invitation of the 
22iid ult. to speak at an assembly of your College next July. 

For reasous of principle, however, and with regard to your country's neutrality 
I have for the time being chosen not to take personally part in public discussions 
on the war in Europe and problems related thereto. As much as I should like 
to assist you, I, for these reasons, regret exceedingly to be unable to comply with 
your wishes. 

I shall, however, try to comply with your wish to provide some other well 
informed speaker, although the choice naturally is limited. 
Sincerely yours, 

(sgd.) Thomsen, 
Oerman Charge d' Affaires. 

Exhibit No. 62 is a letter from Ludwig Schmitt, editor of the Cin- 
cinnati Freie Presse, to the German consulate in Cleveland, Ohio, 
under date of June 27, 1940, in which Schmitt requested the German 
consulate to use his official position in the matter of securing, for the 
Cincinnati Freie Presse, the services of the Transocean News Service 
on a free basis. Above this letter from Ludwig Schmitt to Consul 
General Kapp, there appears a copy (Abschriften) of a letter dated 
July 20, 1940. This communication is the same as that translated 
below as exhibit No. 63. 

[Exhibit No. 62 62] 

Cincinnati, Ohio, June 21, 19 40. 
Herrn General Consul Kapp, 

1422 Midland Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio. 

My Dear INIr. Consul General: At the end of last year you were kind 
enough to assure us the continued delivery of Transocean service, so that the 
Freie Presse did not have to pay the arrears which at that time were due for 
your service furnished before. In the meantime the bills for furnishing the 
service have again accumulated to $360.0<) as shown by the attached bills. 

As you know, the Freie Presse is in receivership. The business management 
declares that it is impossible to pay the amount owed. On the other end, 
the business management is not particularly intei'ested in receiving the service, 
because its sole interest is to demonstrate the newspaper from a business view- 
point, and in doing this new supports from Germany in their opinion do not 
play a particular role. You know that I do not share this view. I should 
regret exceedingly if the furnishing of this service should be discontinued. 

I would therefore be very grateful to you if you could cause a quiet cancella- 
tion of the accumulated indebtedness and could cause that the service be 
continued to be furnished to us. For your kind positive answer I should be 
extremely grateful. 

With the German salute. 
Very respectfully yours, 

Ludwig Schmitt. 

•" For facsimile of oricrinal, see p. 1176. 
'^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1177. 


Immediately after the preceding letter had been received by the 
German consulate in Cleveland, Consul General Kapp, addressed a 
communication to Transocean News Service in New York city (ex- 
hibit No. 63), under date of July 20, 1940, in which the consul sug- 
gested that either a complete cancelation of the accumulated debts 
against the Cincinnati Freie Presse be effected or a drastic reduction 
in the subscription price. 

[Exhibit No. 63 <»] 

German Consulate 

1422 Midland Bldg., 

Cleveland, Ohio, July 20, lOffO. 

SJfl Madison Avenue, New York, New York. 

Gentlemen : Mr. Lndwig Schmitt, Editor of the Frcie Presse, Cleveland, in 
the letter of the 27th of the 1 ' -t month, which is attached hereto and must 
be returned, has addressed himself to me. The statements made in this letter 
are correct. It is also known to me that the newspaper for years has been in 
financial difficulties and at the present time is in receivership. I therefore 
recommend the proposal of Mr. Schmitt, especially in view of the fact that the 
Cincinnati Freie Presse constantly takes a very positive attitude in its publica- 
tions. If a complete cancellation of the accumulated indebtedness should not 
be feasible I should like to propose a drastic reduction of the subscription price 
to a minimum amount. 

With the German salute. Heil Hitler. 

Kapp, Consul General. 

Exhibit No. 64 should be considered in connection Avith the two 
previous exhibits. Exhibit No. 64 is introduced here in order to 
give the background on the manner in which Transocean News 
Service was utilized by the Cincinnati Freie Presse. 

[Exhibit No. 64 w] 

Cincinnati, Ohio, July 19, 19.W. 
German Consul Gener.vl K. Kapp, 

lJi22 Midland Buildiny. Cleveland, Ohio. 

My Dear Mr. Consul Ge:neral : At the beginning of March 6th, this year 
the newly established news service in New York offered its Gorman and Eng- 
lish news service at $15 per week. As you know, the business management of 
the Freie Presse is absolutely and totally in the hands of persons who have 
neither understanding or use for German endeavors. Rather they conduct the 
newspaper on purely business viewpoints in an effort to make it as quickly as 
possible a profitable business enterprise. For this reason my request to sub- 
scribe to Transocean news service was refused with the allegation that the 
newspaper could not provide the necessary means, and unfortunately, in view of 
financial conditions, this argument cannot be attacked. I therefore wrote on 
March 17th to the Director of the New York office of Transocean News Service, 
Mr. Manfred Zapp, that the costs of the service were too high for us and asked 
him what reduction could be made if we took the German language service 
only. At the same time I advised him at that time that the news service in 
that form was only of secondary importance to us, because the news mail, 
via Airmail, reaches Cincinnati only one day after publication and can only be 
printed two days after that. On March 22nd Mr. Zapp advised me of an 
improvement in his transmission service, and he also advised me that he was 
able to reduce the subscription price by $5.00, and that the minimum subscrip- 
tion price would be $10.00. 

« For facsimile of original, see p. 1178. 

** For facsimile of original, see p. 1179-1182. 


The news service which in the beginning had been transmitted to us on a trial 
basis in both languages was used by us without interruption, and in the course 
of several weeks it actually appeared that the news mailed to us by night air- 
mail from New York was still fresh enough to be used in the paper on the day of 
their arrival. This news constituted approximately one third of the total news 
volume sent to us every day. However, our local business management does not 
show any signs of being able to pay the $10.00 weekly, which in view of the sit- 
uation of the newspaper they actually cannot afford and which is something I 
can confirm with a clear conscience. For over a year Freie Presse has had no 
regular news service at all after the United Press stopped their news service 
on account of an accumulated debt of about $1,000. I therefore did not 
answer Mr. Zapp's letter, and I assume that the transmission of the news 
service, as understood from the beginning, was on a gratis trial basis. In this 
assumption I was confirmed by the fact that the service continued to arrive 
in both languages, despite the fact that this must mean considerable additional 
expense for postage. 

However, a few days ago the newspaper received a statement from New 
York in which $150 were demanded for furnishing service for fifteen weeks. 
The business management completely refused to pay this amount, giving as a 
reason that they were unable to, and also that j. -they had never given any 
order for a subscription. It was left to me to make a settlement with the 
Transocean News Service. As you know, I have officially severed my connection 
with the newspaper last December, when Mr. Elven refused a German decora- 
tion. Unofficially, I still continue to work for a part of each day on the tele- 
graph section of the newspaper, solely in the realization that my leaving the 
paper would bring it completely under Jewish domination. Mr. Elven has not 
been in the oflSce for months and he merely sends in his contributions for 
the editorial part of the newspaper. He no longer bothers in a-ny way about 
the affairs of the newspaper. Inasmuch as the lady-secretary is a big stock- 
holder in the business, in the form of salaries owed her, she, together with the 
new manager appointed by her, who is an American, determine the conduct of 
the business. In doing so, business considerations determine the conduct ol 
business and they most willingly give in to every bit of pressure by the Jews. 
A Viennese Jewish refugee, who worked as editor on, the Vienna Morgenpost, 
is already waiting for the day when I give up my work. Up to now I have 
regarded it as my German duty to stick to this post as long as it can be man- 
aged, despite the fact that my travel bureau provides enough work and income 
for me to live comfortably. In all my actions my wish was decisive to main- 
tain the newspaper in accordance with its former reputation as a warm- 
hearted defender of the German course. 

In doing this I have already had frequent sharpest clashes with the busi- 
ness management about articles surreptitiously launched in the paper by Jews 
and into German elements. In my endeavors to give an objective reporting 
on Germany, the Transocean service has been of invaluable help to me. In 
order to be able to continue to receive this service a clarification of the 
financial matter would be urgently necessary. Inasmuch as I do not know 
Mr. Zapp personally, and inasmuch as, in my opinion, he is not informed con- 
cerning conditions at the Freie Presse, I respectfully ask whether you could not 
cause to have this Transocean service furnished, cancelling the subscription 
amounts charged to us, and to continue to furnish to us the German part of 
the service — perhaps through private Government office as an intermediary. 

Hoping I have not made my request in vain rnd with the assurance that the 
assistance given the paper in manner — in contrast to the assistance given irt 
former days — will be really used in the proper manner, I remain, with Hell 


As a result of Consul General Kapp's intervention on behalf of tlie 
Cincinnati Freie Presse, Zapp, on Aug. 9, 1940, advised the consulate 
in Cleveland, Ohio, that Mr. Schmitt had no reason to be upset and 


that he would be supplied with the services of the Transocean News 
Service. A communication to this effect was as follows: 

[Exhibit No. 65 »] 

August 9, 1940. 
German Consul General Kapp, 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

Mt Dear Consul General : Should like to thank you very much for your kind 
letter of July 20th. I am answering it only today because during last July 
weeks I had to report on the Havana Conference as representative of Trans- 
ocean and have only returned now to Now York. 

The situation of Mr. Ludwig Schmitt is known to me and I have already 
written to Mr. Schmitt in former days that I am always ready to do anything 
for him. At this particular moment it i.s impossible for me, for certain reasons, 
to effect a cancellation of the accumulated indebtedness. However, as stated 
before I shall make every kind of concession to Mr. Schmitt. He does not need 
to worry at all. 

A few months ago I had the intention to stop over at Cleveland on my way 
to Colorado and to pay a visit to you, my dear Mr. Consul General. Un- 
fortunately, the trip to Colorado was suddenly cancelled, and therefore I had 
no opportunity to visit Cleveland. At this opportunity I should have liked to 
have discussed all questions which concerns Transocean and the furnishing of 
service to our clients. Unfortunately it is not possible to put things in writing 
in a manner in which one would like to. Particularly the Schmitt case I 
should have liked to have discussed with you personally. However, I should 
like to you to calm Mr. Schmitt's fears and to assure him that I have 
the fullest understanding in every way for his .situation, and that when the time 
comes I shall be very happy to make concessions. There is absolutely no reason 
for his being upset. 

With German greetings and Hell Hitler, 

(signed) Manfred Zapp. 

Enclosure: returned letter from Mr. Ludwig Schmitt 

Exhibit No. 66 is a communication from Zapp to von Strempel 
at the German Embassy in Washington, under date of April 3, 1940, 
in which he reported to von Strempel concerning the trip of the 
Duke of Coburg. 

[Exhibit No. 66 «] 

Chicago, April 3, I'JJfO. 

Dear HESREaiT : From Chicago my heartiest greetings. Up to now I Imve 
participated in the Duke's tour and at the same time have made acquaintances 
of various people who are of great interest for me. Unfortunately, did not 
succeed to get to know Mrs. Swift better but hope that can be done on a later 
occasion. I am very much astonished at the entirely different attitude of 
public opinion in Chicago and more than ever determined to open an oflSce 
here. Chicago is really for me a much more advantageous field than I had 
surmised and expected. 

The Duke's reception is over now and he is leaving tonight. Grte Tannen- 
berg felt terribly big and proud, and her husband was cautious and industrious 
and even more dignified than he is in New York. I have presented to the Duke 
a copy of the "Neue AVoche" with his picture and he was quite elated over it. 
I had to promise to furnish a lot of extra copies, and this issue will be made 
part of the collection of documents on his trip. I could write many funny 
details on the Duke's trip which would amuse you greatly. 

Heartiest greetings to you and Eleanor. 

8* For facsimile of original, see p. 11S3. 
*' For facsimile of original, see p. 1184. 


Exliibit No. 67 is a communication from the German consul in 
New York City to Manfred Zapp, under date of January 10, 1940, 
in which the German consul stated that a prospective employee of 
Zapp has the Consul's approval as well as that of Dr. Drager. 
Particular attention is directed to the fact that approval for a pro- 
spective employee had to be obtained from Dr. Drager, and the evi- 
dence in the possession of the committee will indicate later in this 
report the reason for Dr. Drager's influence on matters of this nature. 

[Exhibit No. 67 ='] 

German Consulate General 

17 Battery Place 

New York, January 10, 1940. 
German Consxjlate General 

(In reply refer to Kr. Mueller) 
To Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

Transocean, SJfl Madison Avenue, New York. 
Dear Dr. Zapp: TTie bearer of this letter, Mr. Karl Mueller, (a salesman) 
a merchant, born on March 23, 1900, has my approval as well as that of Dr. 
Drager to apply for the vacancy in your bureau. 

Should Mr. Mueller not be considered for this position I am prepared to 
submit the names of other applicants. Mr. Mueller came to the U. S. A. on an 
immigration visa and is therefore entitled to employment. 
With German greetings 

The General Consul (Maisch). 

Exhibit No. 68 is a letter from the German consul general in New 
York City to Manfred Zapp, dated March 8, 1940, in which the consul 
desired information concerning the effectiveness of Transocean News 
Service's work in connection with the dissemination of certain infor- 
mation from the German Information Service in Berlin. Particular 
attention is directed to the language of the letter in which Zapp was 
requested to make the report "in accordance with official instructions." 

[Exhibit No. 68 "^^l 

German Consulate General 

New York, March 8, 1940. 
Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

341 Madison Avenue, New York, New York. 
Dear Dr. Zapp : The German Information Service in Berlin on the sixth of 
this month gave an official communique concerning the Polish atrocities in the 
Ukraine and Upper Silesia to the foreign press and has disseminated it through 
transocean to foreign countries. 

I should be greatly obliged if you would oblige me immediately with what 
the reaction has been to this communique in the local press here. 

Furthermore, I am requesting you, in accordance with official instructions 
received by me, to make your report or advise of failure to receive it directly 
to Berlin. 

Consul Gener.\l, I. A. Lurtz. 

Exhibit No. 69 is a communication to Zapp from the German Em- 
bassy in Washington, dated March 23, 1940, which contained an ac- 
knowledgment of a report submitted by Zapp to the Embassy, and 
also congi-atulated Zapp upon the manner in which he had carried 

f" For facsimile of original, see p. 1185. 
'^^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1186. 

274778—40 — pt. 2 3 


on liis work. Attention is also directed to the fact that the Embassy 
advised Zapp that his report would be brought to the attention of the 
foreign office. 

[Exhibit No. 69 »»] 
German Embassy 

Washington, D. C, March 28, 19J,0. 
Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

Transoccan, 8^1 Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Dear Dr. Zapp : I should like to confirm the receipt of your report of March 
11th concerning your last lecture tour, and to express to you the heartiest 
thanks of the Embassy for the fact that you have undertaken this enlightening 
activity with such signal success. I have not neglected to bring your most 
informative report to the attention of the Foreign Office. 

(signed) von Strempbh.. 

Exhibit No. 70 is a letter from one Heinrich von Eckardt, an em- 
ployee of Transocean News Service, to Zapp in Chicago, dated April 
4, 1940. Attention is directed to the information in this connnuni- 
cation, which indicates that Transocean News Service is required by 
the Embassy to make an unofficial distribution of certain documents. 

[Exhibit No. 70 ■'"1 


341 Madison Avenue, New York City, 

April 4, 191,0. 
Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

''The Drake," Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, III. 
De-vr Dr. Zapp: Dr. Hunck has just brought a part of the documents from 
Washington ; the remainder will probaltly arrive hero in the of the day. 
We are instructed to make distribution in an unofficial manner to intei-ested 
parties in the manner that wheu we get inquiries we advise the people that 
through a lucky accident we are in a position to let you have a copy. 

Unfortunately the entire document first has to be transmitted to stencils and 
must be mimeographed, which is being done as rapidly as possible. I hope to 
be able to send you several copies as early as tomorrow or the day after 

Furthermore, Dr. Hunck from his trip (to Washington) has brought with him 
certain instructions which I would prefer to discuss orally with you. 
With kindest regards. 

( signed ) Eckardt. 

•» For facsimile of original, see p. 1187. 
™For facsimile of original, see p. 1188. 


The following documentary evidence tends to prove that Trans- 
ocean News Service is not only operated in this country and other 
sections of the Western Hemisphere according to the desires of Berlin, 
but that it is also compelled to abide by direct instructions from 

Exhibit No. 71 is an unsigned cable from Berlin to Transocean 
News Service in New York ordering Zapp to disseminate tlu-oughout 
the United States the Fourth German Policy Atrocity Report. 

[Exhibit No. 71 1] 
Request that you immediately disseminate by cable the fourth policy report. 

At a further point in this report there wUl be a detailed explanation 
as to the manner in wliich reports of tliis nature were received by 
Zapp and disseminated throughout the country by Transocean News 

Exliibit No. 72 is an unsigned cable from Berlin advising Zapp of a 
very urgent broadcast from Germany that should be received by the 
facilities of Transocean News Service and disseminated throughout 
the country. Special attention is directed to the following statement: 
"If possible give this material to every newspaper." It will be re- 
called from previous evidence that Transocean News is alleged to 
be a private journalistic enterprise. 

[Exliibit No. 72 2] 

Urgent. Very important special transmission at sixteen oclock GMT on DLH 
to eighteen oclock GMT then from eighteen oclock fifteen GMT on DLQ to 
twentythree oclock GMT then twenty-three oclock fifteen GMT on DLB until 
about zero three oclock GMT. All regular transmissions within that period will 
be omitted. It is of the utmost importance that this news be disseminated by 
you as rapidly as possible and as widely as possible. If possible give this material 
to every newspaper. We are transmitting the full text to our friends. Wire us 
about success. 

The foregoing exhibit quite logically provokes the following ques- 
tion: Why does Transocean supply gratis important news that it 

Exhibit No. 73 is an unsigned cable from Berlin to Transocean News 
Service in New York ordering the distribution of a certain radio 

[Exhibit No. 73 3] 

Cause widest possible distribution of todays radio photograph struggle for 

Exliibit No. 74 is an unsigned cable from Berlin to Transocean in 
New York, again requesting the dissemination of certain information 
so far as the facilities of Transocean can do so in a legal manner. 

[Exhibit No. 74 *] 

Request that you immediately disseminate Wiegand interview with Goering 
in ABC direction as far as reproduction is legally possible. Cable us. 

Exhibit No. 75 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp in New York ordering 
him to disseminate over the facilities of Transocean News a certain 
dispatch from Rome, Italy. Attention is directed to the instructions 
quoted in this cable to disseminate this information via A. B. C. 
This, of course, is the instruction for Zapp to disseminate this informa- 
tion in South America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile). 

1 For facsimile of original, see p. 1189. 
iFor facsimile of original, see p. 1189,^1190. 
3 For facsimile of original, see p. 1190. 
 For facsimile of original, see p. 1191. 



[Exhibit No. 75 s] 

We propose that you disseminate via ABC the Rome dispatch from the New 
York Times concerning an article in the Osservature Romano concerning chief 
of the French Government of the ninth of this inonth. 

At times it would appear that the regular American news services 
were able to obtain more complete information as to the aspects of 
the war waging across the English Channel. Exhibit No. 76 is a 
cable from Berlin to Transocean in New York, requesting the account 
of certain features of the battle in the Channel as reported by an 
American news agency. 

[Exhibit No. 76 8] 

The full wording of the UP dispatch concerning German long-range guns 
allegedly to be used against England. 

The evidence in possession of the committee indicates further that 
Berlin was transmitting certain reports to adversaries in the United 
States. Exhibit No. 77 is self-explanatory. 

[Exhibit No. 77 '] 

Your cable of the sixth. Cable whether new addresses for reports are urgently 
necessary and if necessary give reasons. 

Exhibit No. 78 might also indicate that these reports mentioned in 
the previous exhibit are numbered. 

[Exhibit No. 78 «] 
Number 222 received. 

Exhibit No. 79 tends to show that Berlin was sending letters, the 
contents of which were unknown, by private courier. 

[Exhibit No. 79 »] 

Are sending letters via Bastian. 

Exhibit No. 80 is a lengthy cable from Zapp in New York to Berlin. 
The latter part of this cable, translated herewith, indicates that Zapp 
was controlling the shipment of a certain receiving set from Madrid. 

[Exhibit No. 80 i"] 

Need substitute for Tonn. Have been working now for six weeks without Tonn. 
To continue this for any length of time is impossible for reasons of health. Fur- 
thermore imi:)ortant negotiations remain dormant. Can find a substitute here if 
funds available. Thank you for the financial assistance promised for Tonn. 
Receiving set from Madrid has been shipped. Will cost about one hundred 
forty dollars. 

Exhibit No. 81 is a cable from Zapp in New York to Transocean in 
Berlin. This cable indicates that Zapp and his colleagues were proud 
of their "pioneering work in the United States" and that Zapp was 
full of confidence as to the success of his work in this country. 

[Exhibit No. 81"] 

The staffs in New York and Washington on this anniversary send warmest 
congratulations with the assurance that they are keeping up the tradition by 
conscientious work in full confidence of success. The latter is already noticeable 
here in our pioneering work here. — signed Zapp 

At the time that agents of this committee served its subpena on 
Manfred Zapp, at his office, 341 Madison Avenue, New York, he was 
asked certain questions with regard to the official set-up of the Trans- 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1191. 
' For facsimile of original, see p. 1192. 
' For facsimile of original, see p. 1192. 
' For facsimile of original, see p. 1192. 
9 For facsimile of original, see p. 1193, 1194. 
11 For facsimile of original, see p. 1194. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1195. 


ocean News Service. G. F. Hurley, a representative of the committee, 
asked Zapp the direct question: ''Who owns and controls Transocean 
News Service?" The answer was that certain banks in Germany 
owned the organization. Hurley then asked Zapp if the organization 
was subsidized by the Nazi Government and he replied that it was not. 
There is introduced at this point exliibit No. 82, which is a cable from 
Zapp in New York to Transocean in Berlin, under date of August 26, 
in which he requested of Berlin certain information which he assumed 
would be required of him in the committee's investigation: 

[Exhibit No. 82 12] 

Urgently need for imminent investigation the following data colon names of 
the members of the Board of Directors and of the officers of Transocean also who 
are principal stockholders. Assuming that you will name banks. 

Attention is specifically drawn to Zapp's "suggestion" that Berlin 
will name banks as the principal stockholders in Germany. 

It should also be noted at this point that after the first subpena 
was served upon Zapp, the committee's representatives went back to 
Zapp 2 weeks later and took from his files the above exhibit, as well 
as the two following exhibits, 83 and 84. Exhibit No. 83 is Berlin's 
answer to Zapp's request as contained in exhibit No. 82. 

[Exhibit No. 83 i3] 

Yours of j-esterday: chairman of the board of directors ex-ambassador Ernst 
Eiffe, representative of the Hamburg business in Berlin; Dr. Kurt Weigelt mem- 
ber of the board of manufacturers of the Deutsche IBank Berlin; Dr. Braun 
president of the Chamber of Commerce in Kassel; State Councillor John T. Ess- 
berger leader of the German ocean shipping business Hamburg; Dr. Otto Christian 
Fischer, banker Berlin; Dr. Adolf managing editor of the Hamburger Freund- 
enblatt Berlin; Prof Dr. E. H. Meyer member of the board of manufacturers of 
Dresdner Bank Berlin; Doctor of engineering Ernst Poensgen, general manager 
of the United Steel Works Duesseldorf stop There are no officers stop The two 
business managers are known to you stop Chief shareholders Dresdner Bank, 
Deutsche Bank, I. G. Chemical, Hamburg American Line, North German Lloyd, 
Carl Zeiss in Jena, Robert Bosch, Stuttgart, U. S. Steel Works, Duesseldorf and 
approximately 240 other German business firms. 

Particular attention is directed in this exhibit to the statement 
"there are no officers." It appears reasonable to ask the question 
as to how a private organization can operate efficiently through- 
out the world when it has no officers to formulate the policies and 
conduct the said business on a reasonable scale in order to render a 
proper accounting to the stockholders. 

Exhibit No. 84 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp in New York request- 
ing a "detailed report concerning the investigation." 

[Exhibit No. 84 »] 

Urgent. Expect as quickly as possible the most detailed report concerning 
the investigation. 

From the evidence which is presently in the possession of the com- 
mittee, it appears that Berlin utilized Transocean News Service in 
this country for the purpose of submitting confidential reports. 
Exhibit No. 85 is a cable from Berlin requesting Zapp to submit a 
report on the reaction toward European events in the United States 
press and political circles. Attention is directed to the instructions 
contained in this cable: "In case answer not suitable for our service, 
transmit all such information by collect cable." 

'2 For facsimile of original, see p. 1195. 
13 For facsimile of original, see p. 1196. 
•< For facsimile of original, see p. 1196. * 


[Exhibit No. 85 >5] 

Strongly interested in the reaction of European events in the press and political 
circles. In case answer not suitable for our service transmit all such information 
by collect cable. 

In a later portion of this report the way in which Zapp and Berhn 
were able to transmit confidential messages will be more fully dis- 

Exhibit No. 86 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp advising him that the 
texts of certain documents were radioed directly to Washington. 

[Exhibit No. 86 18] 

Full text of documents numbers one to twenty wirelessed directly to Wash- 
ington. Upon publication please request them from there. 

While the investigation discloses that Transocean News Service 
does have an office in the Press Building in Washington, D. C, it has 
been definitely established that this branch office does not have wire- 
less facilities to handle any such messages of the sort indicated. 
The only other alternative that can be deduced from this message is 
that the Embassy in Washington was the recipient of the documents 
mentioned in the cable. 

Exhibit No. 87 is indicative of at least one type of information that 
Berlin desired from Zapp concerning happenings in the United States. 

[Exhibit No. 87 "] 

Urgent. Stockholm Paper alleges that Hollywood police received unnumerable 
phone calls that Nazis had landed in America. Extras in Nazi uniforms marched 
for the shooting of an anti-German film. Give us details. 

The next four exhibits would seem to indicate that Berlin is inter- 
ested in the activities of political parlies in the United States. Ex- 
hibit No. 88 is a cable from Berlin to Transocean in New York, re- 
questing an urgent report concerning the possibility of President 
Roosevelt as a Presidential candidate in the Illinois primary. 

[Exhibit No. 88 "] 

Urgent. Information received that Roosevelt mentioned as presidential candi- 
date for Illinois primaries stop Submit urgent report. 

Exhibit No. 89 is a lengthy telegram under date of April 1, 1940, 
from Zapp in Chicago to his office in New York, the first part of which 
is translated herewith. 

[Exhibit No. 89 »] 

Cable this immediately to BcrUn; In Chicago the German White Book is in the 
foreground of the Chicago Press. It gives the republicans a lever in the election 
fight against the democrats for the primaries on April ninth, (then follows 
excerpts from the Chicago press comprising about 300 words) . . . 

In a later section of this report the investigation concerning the 
dissemination of the German White Book in the United States will 
be completely detailed. 

Exhibit No. 90 is another telegram which was sent the day after 
exhibit 89 from Zapp to his office in New York. 

15 For facsimile of original, see p. 1197. 
1' For facsimile of original, see p. 1197. 
1' For facsimile of original, see p. 1197. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1198. 
" For facsimile of original, see pp. 1198-1200. 


[Exhibit No. 90 2»1 

Cable to Berlin but not for use in publication the following: The German 
White Book is still in the headlines in Chicago newspapers. The Hearst news- 
paper Chicago Herald & American says in tremendous headlines quote Nazi Lie 
BuUit Says unquote. According to an article of the Washington INS correspon- 
dent Edward B. Lockett, BuUit is said to have stated at luncheon with senators 
at which Vice-President Garner was present that the White Book was a bunch of 
damned lies and that his Bordeaux speech had been quoted inaccurately but 
Bullitt avoided going into details. The Chicago Daily News on the front page 
brings a similar A. P. dispatch. The U. P. on the other hands disseminates a 
New York report stating that translations of the photostats by Polish translators 
definitely showed that the documents contained mistakes in the Polish language 
and that furthermore the German translation is at variance with the photostats. 
This report is taken from an article from the New York Daily News. Editorial 
in the Chicago Daily News asks whether the documents are genuine and weighing 
this against the denials comes to this result quote Briefly we think these papers 
true or false will do Hitler more harm than to Roosevelt for if true they show 
that the Administration is taking a course of sympathy with the allies, short of 
war, which was and is popular with a majority of our people. If false and so 
proved, they convict Hitler not only of unwarranted and unwarrantable inter- 
ference in our domestic politics, but also of forgery unquote. 

The reason for the inclusion of this cablegram in the report is to 
illustrate that Transocean was apparently making a political report 
to Germany in contradistinction to news reporting. In this con- 
nection, witness the first statements of the exhibit, "Cable to Berlin 
but not for use in publication the following:" 

Exhibit No. 91 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp in New York, under 
date of May 30, 1940, in which Berlin requested a complete report 
on the "press echoes on President Roosevelt." 

[Exhibit No. 91 21] 

Report in the utmost detail the press echoes on President Roosevelt stop If 
unsuitable for service you can have answer on it by telegraph. 

Here again Berlin advises Zapp that if his answer to the above re- 
quest will contain information of a confidential matter, that he should 
not use the "regular service" but to send his answer by telegraph. 

Exliibit No. 92 is a cable to Zapp from Berlin, dated November 28, 
1939, requesting a report on the personality of Joseph Curran, head of 
the National Maritime Union. 

[Exhibit No. 92 m] 

Urgent Urgently request all details concerning the personality of Curran and 
his status in the National Maritime Union Verification of the Flushing message. 

Exhibit No. 93 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp on June 27, 1940, in 
which Berlin requests the details concerning a certain statement that 
Joe Curran made in this country. 

[Exhibit No. 93 «] 

Urgent Urgently request details of Curran's statement. 

It is significant to note that Berlin, at least from a reading of the 
two previous exhibits was interested in the activities of Joseph Curran 
of the National Maritime Union from November 1939 to June 1940. 
The records of this committee disclose that many persons have testi- 
fied as to the affiliation of Joseph Curran with the Communist Party 
in the United States. It is therefore only logical to ask why Berlin is 
interested in Curran. 

2" For facsimile of original, see pp. 1200, 1201. 
21 For facsimile of oriffinal, see p. 1202. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1202. 
w For facsimile of original, see p. 1203. 


The committee has m its files documentary evidence to the effect 
that Transocean News Service has been the chief propagandizintj; 
agent of the Nazi Government in Guatemala, Mexico, Habana, 
Ecuador, Argentina, and Brazil. Transocean News Service in those 
countries operates in much the same maimer as in the United States. 
The Berlin offices of the Transocean News Service transmit their 
information and messages to the above-mentioned countries by means 
of a slow-speed transmission which is picked up on an automatic 
recepter in the countries to wliich they are directed. This Berlin 
transmission amounts to about 10,000 words a day. 

The evidence indicates that the material sent from Germany to 
the South American countries is violently anti-American, and that 
Transocean News gives free distribution of its material to the news- 
papers in South America. The South American activities of Trans- 
ocean News are conducted under the direction of Walter von Simon. 
The evidence in the committee's files shows that Zapp arranged for 
the transportation of Von Shnon from Germany to South America. 

The extent to which the Nazi Government has concentrated its 
propagandistic activities in the South American countries is best 
depicted in two news items contained in the New York Times of 
January 15 and 30, 1939. Both of these items are included in this report 
and marked "Exhibits Nos. 94 and 95." These exhibits are self- 
explanatory and deserve no comment at this point. 

[Exhibit No. 94 >] 

Reich News Service in Americas Widened 

wireless station in buenos aires to be opened feb. 1 

Lima, Peru, Jan. 14 (AP). — Germany's Transocean News Service, already a 
powerful weapon in the campaign to spread Nazi economic and political influence 
in Latin America, will be rebuilt and streamlined to meet United States' efforts to 
keep "the Americas for Americans." 

This was learned today from agents of the Nazi Government, who said the first 
link in the new set-up would be the opening of a modern wireless transmitting 
station Feb. 1 in Buenos Aires. 

Another station is being built for installation at Lima, but it is unlikely that 
it will be ready for operation before November. 

Such, apparently, is Germany's answer to efforts of the American and most 
other delegations \o last month's Pan-American Conference to curtail inroads 
already made in this hemisphere by off-continent influences and to prevent further 
penetration by them. 

Transocean is the German Government's official propaganda service and has 
functioned effectively in Latin America for five years. It provides world-wide 
news coverage to newspapers at a small cost. 

' Original not reproduced. 


[Exhibit 95 2] 

Reich Pushes Radio News 
station offered to ecuador some service to be free 

Guayaquil, Ecuador, Jan. 29. — While Radio Corporation of America and the 
American Telephone and Telegraph Company are negotiating with the govern- 
ment over the installation of broadcasting stations and a radiophone service, 
representatives of the German Government's Transocean service are offering to 
build a powerful broadcasting station here. 

The Germans are offering newspapers a part of the news service free, with an 
extremely low rate for the rest. They are attempting to gain the favor of the 
press for their proposed contract. 

Transocean, the German Government's official propaganda service, is already 
supplying so-called news to some other Latin-American countries. Further 
proposed stations in Latin-America would supplement the propaganda broadcasts 
from Berlin. 

A station is being built in Lima, Peru, which is expected to be in operation 
before the end of the year. 

Exhibit No. 96 is a letter from Zapp to the Minister of the Foreign 
Ofhce in BerHn, dated October 17, 1939, in which Zapp set forth the 
difficulties he was experiencing in handling the Transocean News 
Service in America. Also referred to in this communication is Zapp's 
visit to Mexico, where he says things are much better for the Trans- 
ocean News Service than in the United States and where coverage 
sometimes represents between 15 and 30 percent of the entire foreign 
news carried by the Mexican press. 

[Exhibit No. 96 3] 

October 17, 1939. 


Foreign Office, Berlin. 

My Dear Guenther: One of my New York friends is now on a round-about 
trip to Germany, and I avail myself of this opportunity to send you through him 
my sincere and warmest regards. In these daj^s when we are more or less cut 
off from home it is certainly most comforting to find an opportunity to unburden 
oneself to somebody who can understand the needs and sorrows, as well as the 
joys that are incident to our profession. 

As you may well imagine I am not exactly overburdened with pleasure here in 
America, for my difficulties are almost superhuman. My assignment, when I 
came to America was to organize the reporting of news from the United States 
to our Central America and to South America, as well as to put over the sale of 
Transocean news out of Berlin in the United States. More or less I have finished 
the first assignment. My New York bureau furnishes American news of German 
import to Mexico, Central America, and the A. B. C. States, as well as informa- 
tion to Berlin, and is frequently in competition in South America with such 
famous American news agencies as the United and the Associated Press as well 
as with Havas and Renter. To make all this click — sometimes we fail — (for nothing 
is perfect in this world) is the joy of the profession. 

But dark is the foreboding for the sale of Transocean news to the American 
Press. Immediately upon my arrival here I turned to the German-speaking 
Press and sold it Transocean news. There was no particular difficulty in that. 
Then I began to offer Transocean news to the American Press. I found it neces- 
sary to recast, revise, and rewrite the Transocean news that was flashed here 
both as to style and content in order to adapt it to American concepts and the 
reading habits of the American public. After months of experimentation we 
now are bringing Transocean news out in a way suitable for the American Press. 
As a result of my constant agitation the Berlin Bureau has come through in a 
most comprehensive way and is now sending us very useful raw material. 

I offered this Transocean news to the American Press only to meet with the 
stiffest resistance everywhere. Better than any other press in the world the 
American press is informed of foreign political affairs in Europe through its own 

2 Original not reproduced. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1204-1208. 


regular correspondents as well as through the well-known large news agencies. 
If you will but consider that Associated Press sends to its members 250,000 words 
daily, of which 50,000 to 80,000 words constitute foreign political matter, while 
Transocean is able to deliver at its peak only from 5,000 to 8,000 words daily you 
will see that among the 80,000 words of Associated Press there must be at least 
90% of the news that is also sent by Transocean. It is on this account that the 
American press prefers to publish only news of American origin — that is news 
from Ameiican news agencies. Americans hold the peculiar subjection notion 
that only they are objective and consequent!}^ they will not read news that does 
not sail under their own flag. They are avid for "news", but it must come from 
American sources. It is on this account that the other well-known news agencies, 
such as Renter and Havas, have been unal:)le to secure a foothold in America, 
although they have been here for years, while 1 have been active for only a few 
montlis. Renter furnishes only trade announcements and the commodity 
exchange of the London, Liverpool, Johannesburg, and Sidney Exchanges to a 
Wall Street financial paper. But Renter has not l:)een able to get daily political 
news into the press. Of course, Havas has a large newspaper as a client which 
publishes Havas news incidentall)'. But that is because the brother of the local 
Havas representative is a son-in-law of the owner of that paper (Washington 
Times Herald). 

Although I have not yet adopted this method of marrying into the press, — it is 
the only one I have not experimented with, although Strempel whom you surely 
know, and who is in charge of pul)licity here at the Embassy has strongly urged 
me to do so. But unfortunately he has not been al:)le to produce the right Press 
princess. It is one job on which he has fallen down, although otherwise I have 
been able to work together with him very well. He is most assiduous in influenc- 
ing the i)ublic opinion of the United States. Through Mutual discussions we are 
constantly developing new ways and we follow them as long as we can. We cer- 
tainly are not ommitting any experiment. And even though I have not yet seen 
any of my efforts mature I do not intend to let that discourage me from making 
new blunders and new experiments. At present I am composing all Transocean 
news of the past montlis with that of all our competitors in which we competed 
both as to content and timeliness. But this has not helped either. I am con- 
stantly making experiments of this kind, even though they prove unavailing. Of 
course, it is discouraging. 

Yet a careful review of the American press discloses that Transocean is con- 
stantly cited. And I have found that a large part of the Transocean news is 
lifted directly out of the air and placed before editors for news purposes. At least 
we are breaking into the American press in this way, even thougli it is not ap- 

I am trying to take advantage of current conditions and make people curious 
about Transocean. If we can provide more first rate material and more news 
than the others, such as AP and UP, we shall be able in time to attain our objec- 
tive here. It will be necessary to develope our Transocean service in Berlin so 
as to provide more exclusive news- — news that is not available to AP and UP. I 
have the impression that we Germans continue to make the mistake of being more 
courteous to foreigners than to our own fellow covmtrymen and as an indication 
of this we give foreign agencies earlier and better opportunities than we give 
German agencies. If we could get Transocean reporters to go to the front and 
interview generals as well as privates that would be exclusive news that we could 
get into the American press. The same would be true for interviews with, and 
statements made by, U-boat commanders. It would all take an enormous amount 
of time, effort, hard work and the conquest of opposition. But without it we 
cannot count on success. No effort, no monitary sacrifice that would bring us 
nearer to our goal ought to be considered too great. If you could support Trans- 
ocean in this you certainly would do something really worth while. You can- 
not imagine how difficult the problem here is; and if I did not know that Mr. von 
Homej'er is doing everything in his power for Transocean and if he were not so 
competent and energetic I certainly would have thrown up the sponge long ago 
and given up my assignment as impossible. Homeyer certainly has helped us a 
great deal. I am only afraid that his problems in the other fields are as difficult 
as ours. 

Even though I am unable to get Transocean into the Press directly just now — 
for, as I have said, American readers and advertisers are still resisting — since 
they do not want any news of German origin — certainly the editors ought to 
know conditions in Germany. And it is on this accomplishment that I constantly 
base my hopes. 


Conditions are exactly the same with radio. I tried to sell Transocean to the 
radio. But I had hardly gotten a broadcast before protests from Jewish listeners 
demanding its suppression began to develop. And the Transocean program had 
to go off the air. But that will not deter me from making further efforts in 
this field, 

I was unexpectedly assigned by Transocean to fly to Panama in order to cover 
the Pan-American conference there. As you may imagine it was a most interesting 
trip for me. I learned a great deal even though I was compelled to work under 
most vmfavorable conditions. But this work, even if it must be done under 
unfavorable conditions is pleasant because it can be made to show possible results. 

On my return I remained in Mexico a few days in order to discuss the matter 
of a somewhat closer cooperation with our bureau there. What a difference 
between Mexico and the United States. There Transocean is represented as 
well in the large Mexican papers as are the large American Agencies United Press, 
Associated Press, and as well as Havas. The reproduction of Transocean in 
Mexico constituting as it does from 15 to 30% of the combined Mexican foreign 
news is an accomplishment of recent years, although Transocean has worked 
untiringly in Mexico for twelve years. Mr. Benoit the Mexican representative 
of Transocean, recounted to me the long fruitless years during which he was 
compelled to fight competitors. He got into the Press only very gradually; 
but after he had two papers he was able to get into the larger papers also. It 
took him ten years. So far I have had only ten months. It is nothing short 
of a crime that we have waited so long to introduced Transocean into the United 
States and that we have permitted the years of American-German friendship to 
slip away without avail. It is extremely difficult to get a foothold in an America 
that is partly uncomprehending and partly anti-German. 

I have tried to sell Transocean in German circles and I solicited about 500 
large, leading German firms, such as IG-Farben (Dyes), Hapag-Lloyd, Zeiss, 
Leitz, and by whatever name they are known, by means of a personal letter. 
Only one answered, he was my bookseller, and he subscribed for Transocean 
News for two weeks. If German circles show so little intelligence what can you 
expect of Americans. 

To all these problems and cares must be added financial worries. Funds for 
my activities do not always come in punctually. And I have many incidental 
expenses that I cannot always anticipate, such as result from premeditated 
boycott and other strife, to wit, increases in tariffs, legal matters, etc. It is 
enough to drive one to desperation. 

However, I am not going to detain j'ou longer with these worries and cares. 
We all have our own. I hope I have not bored you too much with my letter. 

With the hope that I shall hear from you occasionally and with best regards 
to yourself and vour wife in the spirit of old friendship and with 

Heil Hitler. 

Exhibit No. 97 is not in chronological sequence, but it is introduced 
at this point because it sums up in Zapp's own words the influence 
that he established in Central America. The exhibit is a private 
letter from Zapp to Superior Government Councilor George Mayer, 
of Wiesbaden, Germany. 

[Exhibit No. 97 *] 

March 19th, 1940. 

Dear Friend Mayer: Hearts thanks for your postal card of Feb. 25th. I am 
glad that you received my Xmas greetings. 

As you can well imagine, I am here chipper and fresh and up to my ears in work. 
There are few German journalists in America. At this time I have an office in 
New York and one in Washington, with fifteen people who work for me. I am 
very busy here because in addition to my journalistic activities I am also deliver- 
ing lectures. I have spoken at the Princeton University, Harvard University, 
etc., and am being constantly invited to discussion evenings with enemy aliens, 
etc. I have slowly made Transocean known here in America; within one year 
Transocean has become a symbol for the American press. I have worked indus- 
triously and learned much. I believe that today in Germany there are very few 

* For facsimile of original, see pp. 1209-1211. 


people who know more about news matters than I. After all America for the 
journalist is a university, because in no country is the newspaper technique so 
far developed as particularly here in the U. S. A. But I emphasis this means 
only the technical side, because on the other fields we, of course, have entirely 
different conceptioas and tasks of ethics than the American press represents. 

My activity provides me with a great deal of fun and I must say that I am very 
much satisfied. I believe that I am on the right spot here. In addition to my 
main activity, and aside from my lecturing activity, I am also editing a weekly; 
in brief, I am doing all sorts of things of which in former days I would never have 
dreamed that I even could do them. Strange enough, one is satisfied with my 
activity in all places. Naturally, through my activity I have contacts with many 
circles and with all sorts of people. Only yesterday I have seen Roosevelt at a 
big dinner, at which also Secretary of State Hull was present. I am very well 
acquainted with Sumner Welles, which dates from the Panama Conference. I 
do not know whether I wrote you that at that time I visited the Panama Confer- 
ence. On the trip back from Panama I have traveled through all of Central 
America and I have visited for our Transocean branch office and established some 
of them. Even though Central America is not officially in my jurisdiction, the 
major part of the task to be performed in Central America goes through my 
hands. I cannot complain concerning lack of employment. In former days, 
as you know, that was different. I regard myself as having arrived at the place 
where I always wanted to be. Whether I will go still further I want to leave in 
the lap of the Gods, but for the time being I am satisfied. 

Inasmuch as my time is limited I should like to for today, and I onlj' want 
to send you my very best wishes with heartiest greetings for the New Year. 
Your faithful friend, 

(Signed) Manfred Zapp. 

Particular attention is directed to Zapp's statement that, on his 
trip back from Panama, he traveled through all Central America and 
stated how various branch offices for Transocean News Service had 
been established. He said that "even though Central America is 
not officially in my jurisdiction, the major part of the task to be per- 
formed in Central America goes through my hands." 

Exhibit No. 98 is a cable from Zapp to Berlin, in which Zapp 
requested permission to attend the Havana Conference. Particular 
attention is directed to the statement by Zapp that the conference 
"is considered here as well as in Mexico of utmost importance." 

[Exhibit No. 98 »] 

The conference of the Pan-American foreign ministers which will take place on 
July 17th in Havana is considered here as well as in Mexico of utmost importance. 

Exhibit No. 99 is a cable to Zapp from Berlin, in which Berlin agrees 
to Zapp's attendance at the Havana Conference. 

[Exhibit No. 99 •] 

Agree to Havana Wire date of your departure. 

Exhibit No. 100 is a letter received by Zapp while he was in Panama. 
It was from F. H. Kellermeier, attache of the German Consulate in 
New York City. The letter suggested that Zapp make a report con- 
cerning the feasibility of setting up radio stations in South America. 

« For facsimile of orisinal, see p. 1212. 
« For facsimile of original, see p. 1212. 


[Exhibit No. 100 '] 
F. H. Kellermeier 
Room 1926 
17 Battery Place 
New York, N. Y. 

Septembee 21, 1939. 
Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

Zentral Hotel, Panama City, Panama. 

Dear Dr. Zapp: I am glad that you arrived there safely. I should be thank- 
ful if during your stay there you would think over the matter of a radio station 
in South America. 

I should be grateful if you would send me some information or a report on the 
schedule of the days. I won't write much more today. 
With best wishes for vou there and safe return, 
With Heil Hitler 


Exhibit No. 101 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp while he was at 
Havana, criticizing him as to the manner in wliich he was transmitting 
his news to Mexico. 

[Exhibit No. 101 »] 

Your reporting is thoroughly unsatisfactory. Mexico complains that the 
speech of the Mexican Finance Minister was given nineteen hours earlier by your 
competitors. Request prompt reports on all speeches by SA delegates. 

Exhibit No. 102 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp in New York City, 
likewise critizing him for the tenor of some of his news reporting to 
South America. 

[Exhibit No. 102 »] 

Recently in your news transmissions there are lengthy quotations from speeches 
of hostile or strongly negative tendency in English language. We consider such 
things inopportune and un useable, particularly in South America. 

Exhibit No. 103 is a letter dated Aug. 29, 1939, from Zapp to 
Eugene Klee, Quito, Ecuador, South America. Attention is directed 
to the statement, "I hope that your trip through the Canal Zone was 
handled without difficulties." 

[E.xhibit No. 103 i»] 

29th August, 1939. 
Mr. Eugene Klee, 

Casilla 539, Quito, Ecuador, S. A. 

Dear Mr. Klee: I was exceptionally glad to have had once more the oppor- 
tunity to see you again here, if it was only for a short time. I hope that you have 
arrived well in Quito and that during the two days you have had time to. see 
something of Mexico. I hope that your trip through the Canal Zone was handled 
without difficulties. 

Heil Hitler. 

(signed) Manfred Zapp. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 121.3. 
'For facsimile of original, see p. 1214, 
' For facsimile of original, see p. 1214. 
1" For facsimile of original, see p. 1215. 


Exhibit No. 104 is a telegram from Zapp to Paulmax Weber, in 
Mexico, requesting information concerning one Irmgard Hoepfner. 

[Exhibit No. 1041'] 
Paulmax Weber 

Paseo de la Reforma 27 Dept 503, Mexico D F. 

Would be grateful for information whether Irmgard Hoepfner known to you 
Gave you as reference (signed) Zapp. 

Exliibit No. 105 is a telegram from Weber to Zapp replying to the 
inquiry contained in exhibit No. 104. 

[Exhibit No. 105 12] 

Transocean News Service, 

SJfl Madison Avenue, New York City. 

Intelligent stop Efficient stop Ambitious stop Local chief here very satisfied 
stop Her attitude can be thoroughly recommended (signed) Weber. 

In view of the fact that the name of Irmgard Hoepfner does not 
appear upon the list of personnel in the Transocean News Service the 
question is provoked: Wh}^ was Mr. Zapp interested in tliis person? 

Exhibit No. 106 is a communication from Weber in Mexico to Zapp 
in New York, under date of October 14, 1939, in which Weber advised 
Zapp as to the manner in which he, Weber may be located at all 
times. Attention is dkected to the statement "for all eventualities 
I should lilve to give you my temporary address in the United States." 

[Exhibit No. 106 •»] 

Dear Dr. Zapp: For all eventualities I should like to give you my temporary 
address in the United States. It is care of Robert M. Hopper, 727 Vine Street, 
Denver, Colorado, U. S. A. I hope you have arrived well in New York and are 
again successfully at work. Hope to see you soon in Mexico. 

P. S. — Perhaps it would be possible for you if you would send me airmail a 
copy of your service to the above address? I should not only like to have it in 
order to have my own independent source of information but also as a possible 
document to show potential customers of your service. 

Cordial regards 

(signed) Paul Max Weber. 

Exhibit No. 107 is a telegram from Weber in IMexico City to Zapp 
in New York, in which he reports to Zapp as to the information he has 
concerning a person in whom evidently there is a wide interest. 

[Exhibit No. 107 "] 

Campman here absolutely unknown Refer to Benoit letter stop Have him 
give you German references in this city here — signed Weber. 

Exhibit No. 108 is a telegram from Kurt Benoit, who is Trans- 
ocean's representative in Mexico, to Zapp in New York, in which 
Benoit suggested to Zapp that there be a denial of the statement that 
the activities of the German-American Bund have been transferred 
to Mexico. The evidence before the committee indicates that Zapp 

1' For facsimile of original, see p. 1216. 
'2 For facsimile of original, see p. 1216. 
13 For facsimile of original, see p. 1217. 
" For facsimile of original, see pp. 1218, 1219. 


in his travelings through tliis country and South America acted in 
several capacities for the Nazi Government. 

[Exhibit No. lOS i6] 

Washington report of International News Service according to which German- 
American Bund had transferred its seat to Mexico under the leadership of a 
certain Herman Kilper is incorrect. There is nothing known here concerning this 

Signed Kurt Benoit. 

Exhibit No. 109 is a telegram from Zapp in Detroit, Mich., to his 
ofRce in New York City, requesthig that New York forward him 
various types of visiting cards that Zapp used. The question that 
arises from this message is: Why is it necessary to have various types 
of visiting cards? 

[Exhibit No. 109 iq 

Forward to me by special delivery every type of visiting card which are in the 
desk in my hotel. 

Exhibit No. 110 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp instructing him to 
send a certain type of ticker tape to Rio de Janeiro, to Buenos Aires, 
to Santiago, Chile, to Montevideo, and to Lima. 

[Exhibit No. UO "] 

Concerning our cable of the 23rd please send light papers four thousand to 
Rio de Janeiro two thousand to Buenos Aires two thousand to Santiago de Chile 
one thousand to Monte Video and one thousand to Lima. For payment please 
use the remainders of the extra transfer of two thousand dollars in June. 

The only inference that can be drawn from the above message is 
that Zapp controlled the New York shipments of materials that are 
necessary for the operation of Transocean News Service in the 
countries mentioned. It should also be noted that this particular 
message came in code. 

In a previous exhibit, Zapp stated to a friend that the major portion 
of the task in South America passed through his hands. The following 
exhibits are conclusive in establishing the fact that Berlin looked to 
Zapp for the proper broadcasting of material to the South American 

Exhibit No. Ill is a communication, under date of December 16, 
1938, from Zapp's secretary to Mr. Herbert Moore of the Transradio 
Press Service in New York City. 

[Exhibit No. Ill >8] 

December 16, 1938. 
Mr. Herbert Moore, 

do Transradio Press Service, 

SJf2 Madison Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Mr. Moore: From our Berlin office I received today the following cable: 
"Rio — Antwert Sonnabend 20 MEZ WCX unhoerbar WJS unaufnehmbar 
schwach 01 MEZ WCX hoerbar aber unaufnehmbar WJS aufnehmbar 06 
MEZ WCX mit Stoerungen aufnehmbar stop Santiago — Antwort Dierstag 

" For facsimile of original, see p. 1220. 
'6 For facsimile of original, see p. 1220. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1221, 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1222. 


20 MEZ WJS zii schwach 02 MEZ ausgezeichnet 06 MEZ WCX mit Stoerun- 
gen ausreichend gut" 

which reads in English: 

"Rio— answer Saturday 2 PM EST WCX inaudible 

WJS too weak 
7 PM EST WCX audible but too weak for reception 
WJS for reception just adequate 
12 PM EST WCX fading, otherwise adequate stop 
Santiago — answer Tuesday 

2'PM EST WJS too weak 
7 PM EST excellent 

12 PM EST WCX except for disturbances sufficient- 
ly good" 
Very truly yours, 

Transocean News Service, 
Margaret Lingelbach, 

Secretary to Dr. Zapp. 

It is apparent from the above communication that Zapp controlled 
the broadcasting of Gorman material to the identified locations. 

Exhibit No. 112 is a communication, under date of December 28, 
1938, to the Transradio Press Service in New York, from Zapp's 
secretary, setting forth a report as to the reception conditions in 
Baires and in Santiago. 

[Exhibit No. 112"] 

December 28, 1938. 
Mr. Herbert Moore, 

c/o Transradio Press Service, Inc., 

3^2 Madison Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Mr. Moore: This morning's cable from Berlin said: 
1.) All transmissions are adequate for reception in Berlin, 
2.) All transmissions are inadequate for reception in Baires and in Santiago, 
3.) New arrangements are expected immediately. 
Very truly yours, 

Transocean News Service, 

Secretary to Dr. Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 113 is a communication, under date of December 29, 
1938, from Zapp's secretary to the Transradio Press Service in New 
York City, again setting forth the condition of reception in South 
American countries. 

[Exhibit No. 113 »] 

December 29, 1938. 
Mr. Herbert Moore, 

c/o Transradio Press Service, Inc., 

342 Madison Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Mr. Moore: I just received a cable from Berlin text of which I have 
already reported to you over the telephone, as follows: 

"Impossible double transmission expenses since charges for reception here are 
very high RCA would be cheaper under the circumstances stop Suggest re- 
taining midnight service with old frequency under old conditions stop Should 
experiments show that transmissions at other times are possible at old price 
increase number of words to 1200 stop Continue experiments with increased 
power and double frequency stop Baires reports WJS and WCX receptions, 
as j^esterday, on account of blurred words impossible to read stop Santiago 
reports Tuesday WJS 2 P. M. WCX 7 P. M. inadequate Midnight adequate des- 
pite air disturbances stop Rio New York sent yesterday 3 PM apparently WCX 

1' For facsimile of original, see p. 1223. 
M For facsimile of original, see. p. 1224. 


inaudible while simultaneously WJS transmitted in English WCX here only after 
6 P. M. audible stop 7 P. M. and Midnight receptions adequate." 

I am including the German original for Mr. Tonn who will be at your office 
after 2 p. m. 

Very trul}^ yours, 

Transocean News Service, 

Secretary to Dr. Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 114 is a communication, under date of January 4, 1939, 
from Zapp's secretary to Transradio Press Service, of New York, in 
which a report is rendered as to broadcasting reception in South 
American countries. 

[Exhibit No. 114 21] 

January 4, 1939. 
Mr. Herbert Moore, 

c/o Transradio Press Service, Inc., 

343 Madison Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Mr. Moore: I have just received a cable from Berlui saying that 

"Reception Berlin adequate throughout, Rio adequate, Buenos Aires 2 P. M. 
WBE QSA3, 6:30 P. M. WJS QSA3 irregular, midnight WJS QSA3, All trans- 
missions received, Santiago 2 P. M. WJS weak, WBE excellent, 6.30 P. M. 
WCX WJS adequate, midnight WJS excellent WCX adequate propose stepping 
up to 25 to 30 WPM advise whether possible stop will discontinue sending results 
except on special occasions." 
Very truly yours, 

Transocean News Service, 

Secretary to Dr. Zapp, 

It appears reasonable to assume from the above four exhibits that 
the South American countries to which Transocean News was directed 
from New York, by means of short-wave broadcastmg, reported the 
success or failure of this transmission directly to Berlin. In the event 
that the South American reception was faulty, Berlin immediately 
advised Zapp in New York. Thereupon, Zapp took this matter up 
with the Transradio Press Service, which service appears to be not 
only the receiving agency for Transocean but also the transmitting 

This fact is further substantiated from an examination of the 
Transocean financial records in which it is disclosed that for the period 
from January 1, 1939, to August, 1940, Transocean New^s Service paid 
Transradio Press Service the sum of $44,387.91. 

The certificate of incorporation of the Transradio Press Service, 
Inc., filed with the State of New York, bears the name of Arthur M. 
Quisenberry as a member of the board of directors of the said cor- 
poration. The list of employees of Transocean News Service, as con- 
tained in the files of this organization, indicates that an employee, 
Arthur Quisenberry, was entered on the rolls as of April 12, 1939. 

21 For facsimilie of original, see p. 1225. 

274778— 40— pt. 2- 


The evidence before the committee discloses that Zapp took a deep 
interest in the manner in which the United States handled its diplo- 
matic relations with Japan and, in fact, at times not onlj^ gave advice 
to representatives of the Japanese Government but also indicated to 
his own country, Nazi German}^, certain steps that might be taken to 
aid his country in the handling of diplomatic afi'airs. 

Exhibit No. 115 is a letter which Zapp received from one Jujun 
Furukawa of Tokyo, Japan. 

[Exhibit No. 115 i] 

Dear Dr. Zapp: Thank you very much for your kind letter of Oct. 28 from 
New York, which indeed I have found a very interesting reading. Your view on 
the present situation is prett}' much the same with mine. Germany has embarked 
on a vast enterprise. With Russia back of her, tiie future course of events has to 
be different from 1918. That seems sure. But for that j'ou have paid a pretty 
heavy sacrifice. In the military circles it is being talked about that the Soviet 
has so far done nothing positively helpful for Germany except forestalling her in 
getting hold of the Polish oil-fields. 

Germany's approach to the Soviet took Japan by, but our people were 
quick in understanding the imperative necessity that drove the German govern- 
ment to follow such a course, and nowadays there is no feeling of resentment, of 
having been betrayed by a friend. It's really marvellous how quickly the popular 
feelings change. These days there are not a few who advocate, if rather quietly, 
an about-face — 180 degrees — and shake hands with Russia. If America's anti- 
Japanese attitude should become more violent, the pro-Russian elements would 
come to win an ascendancy and steer the Empire's diplomacy in the direction of 
something like friendship with our quondam foe. 

What is the meaning of ominous quietness on the West Front? Some Germans 
here say that there is a secret entente between the Germans and the French that 
there should be no honest fighting in that sector. If this is true, woe to England! 
There has been something wrong generally about England during the last twenty 
years. Her blunder, if we maj' call it such, dates from the abolition of the Anglo- 
German Alliance. Viewed in the light of today, England's desertion has proven 
a disguised blessing for Japan. What if we were fighting Germany now? We 
hate the very idea. 

Our picnic in China has already lasted for over two years, and there is as yet 
no end in sight. We are prepared to go it through it even for twenty more years. 
We have over a million troops in China. One million men trained and organized 
under able leadership would be a factor that must be taken into account by any 
party. Suppose Americas cut off the supply of the raw materials for our munitions 
industries and so exasperate Japan. There will still be a long time before Japan 
gets into a state of exasperation, but once we get into this state, what earthly 
reason is there to prevent these one million to follow the example of Chiang's 
scattered troops and become guerillas? 

This is, however, a mere hypothesis. We count on winding us our business in 
China in at least five years, judging from our e.xperience in Manchuria. In the 
event of a So\-iet-Japanese war, our calculation will be upset, V)ut this does not 
seem likely. A Soviet-Japanese war serves no reasonably useful purpose. The 
Soviet as well as the Japanese statesmen know that much and will not let occa- 
sional bickerings develop into a major war. Chang Ku Feng and No Mon Han 
are good examples. 

Japan's present conditions will be worth passage across the ocean for you. 
This is the first experience of a controlled economy for the Japanese people. We 
have just started to feel its effect in our daily life, but the pinch is yet far from 

' For facsimile of original, see pp. 1226, 1227. 



tjeiiig severe. Our life continues still comfortable enough. Only we have to 
make a conscious effort at economy. We have been ordered to cut the use of 
gas by twenty per cent for the benefit of munitions industries. This is not 
rigorous at all, but I am afraid that the conditions will become more strained in 
due course. On the other hand war industries are booming as never in the past 
twenty years. Fortunately w^e share in the prosperity without for a moment 
forgetting the bitter experience in the wake of the last war. 

Quite recently General Terauchi and Admiral Osumi have come home from 
their European trips. The former went to Germany and was granted by Mr. 
Hitler to make an extensive inspection of the battlefields of Poland. On return 
home he made a very warm comment on the high efficiency and the thoroughness 
of preparation on Germany's part before starting hostilities. It was a hard luck 
for Poland. The Polish ambassador is still functioning in Tokyo, but one feels 
a note of pathos pervading the atmosphere in and about the Polish embassy. 

It is the sincere wishes of our people that the European war will quickly cease, 
and in so wishing our motives are not entirely unselfish. Going at this rate the 
world will become crazy and finally bankrupt and Japan can by no means refuse 
to accept her share of sufferings. In this day and age there cannot be such a 
thing as an honorable isolation for any country. 

I wash you a good luck, good health and an ever growing prosperity, and vaguely 
hoping that we shall yet meet some time and somewhere before we get too old 
to travel and enjoy life. 

I remain. 

Yours very sincerely, 


Exhibit No. 116 is a lengthy cable which Zapp sent to Berlin. In 
this cable Zapp suggested to Berlin that "the only and at the same 
time the strongest guarantee for American neutrality appears to be a 
ruffled United States-of-America-Japanese relationship which for the 
present and for an indefinite period to come will not permit a European 
involvement of the United States of America." 

[Exhibit No. n6 ^ 

During recent weeks there has been noticeable sharpening of official as well as 
unofficial anti-German propaganda which without a doubt will serve if continued 
with the same intensity to create among the American public a psychological 
prerequisite for an abandonment of even formal neutrality. To judge whether 
this will happen the following points seem significant: One — Anti-German propa- 
ganda is most noticeably adapted to presidential elections because one is trying 
to convince the American public of the indissolubility of America's fate from 
European development (totalitarian world danger) as well as the necessity of a 
continuous policy in governing the state either by re-election of Roosevelt or his 
dummy. Two — English propagandists are traveling through the United States 
in droves and whose most prominent representative is the British Ambassador 
Lord Lothian pointing propaganda campaign in the most clever and effective 
manner of the fears of a so-called totalitarian world danger by putting the U. S. A. 
co-responsibility for continued existence of democracy into the foreground. 
Their success in New York, Chicago and Washington is considerably greater 
than in typical American provincial towns where resistence against domestic as 
well as foreign interventionalist propaganda is considerably stronger. Summing 
up all factors it can be said that the masses in the United States are still against 
active participation in the war but the tremendous artillery barrage of officially 
started anti-German propaganda is becoming increasingly effective. The only 
and at the same time the strongest guarantee for American neutrality appears to 
be a ruffled U. S. A. -Japanese relationship which for the present for an indefinite 
period to come w^ill not permit a European involvement of the U. S. A. However 
there exists a visible endeavor of the State Department to clean up the Far 
Eastern questions in order thereby to win a free hand in Europe. A recently 
increased completely uninhibited and tremendously effective propaganda against 
totalitarian states, which in New York is enormously successful causes me to 
have the worst fears which however are not shared by Kurt. 

Exhibit No. 117 is Zapp's answer to Mr. Furukawa's previous letter. 

For facsimile of original, see p. 1228. 


[Exhibit Xo. U7 »J 

Mr. Jujrx FuRrKAWA, 

SO Wakamiya-CKo, Ushigome-Ku, Tokyo, Japan. 

Mt Dear FrBrKAWA: Many thanks for your kind letter of December, 1, which 
I read with extreme interes . You can imagine that in the^e days being in such 
an exposed pK>sition as I am I cannot find the time for a visit to Japan. I have to 
stay in the United States and cover the News of the United States for Germany 
and for otir clients abroad. Besides that I have to seU our news in this country 
to our clients here. The American^, as you can imagine, have a very strong 
prejudice against anyone German and a Nazi in particular and I have quite a 
time to overcome this prejudice so that they may accept me personally, even if 
they do not accept me as a German newspaper man. 

The other day I have a very strange experience. I am very often down in 
Washington and I intended to join the National Press Club. Knowing most of 
the members I thought not to have any difficulty in joining this club but the 
difficulty arose with the objection of the chief correspvondent of Domei, Mr. Kato. 
I have been always very friendly with the Japanese and I like the Japanese, so 
I do not know what I have done to Mr. Kato to object to my joining the National 
Press Club. I received this information privately through a friend of mine and I 
like to have it handled confidentially but on the other hand if you know inciden- 
tally someone at the Domei office, I think, it would not be a bad idea to let Mr. 
Kato know who I am and that I am not a political agent or a propagandist or a 
spy or whatsoever but that I am a newspaper man who takes his profession 
seriously. I do not want to take this affair up directly with Mr. Kato on account 
of my friend through whom I received the information and who does not want to 
expose Mr. Kato but that this difficulty came from the side of a Japanese struck 
me so that I felt very sadly about it. If he knows in a friendly manner that I 
have always had the highest esteem for the Japanese I think that Mr. Kato will 
change his mind about me. Maybe Kumasaki kno^vs him personally. 

Now we have entered ld40, which wiU be a very interesting year with the 
elections ' v presidency in November. The campaign started between 

the two ": - •. ven if there are no nominations as yet. It is not even dis- 

closed if President Roosevelt will run for a third term. It is still a big riddle to 
aU c^ us. I am sure Roosevelt does not know it yet himself. 

In international affairs the situation seems to me very clear. The United 
States of America were very interested to get this war started, even if they do not 
say so. With the war started here a time of prosf)erity which is based on nothing 
else but the thought of the people that this war will bring in a lot of British and 
French orders, which it did. That on the other hand Great Britain and France 
cancelled all orders of luxury goods among these, even oranges etc. has not been 
taken into account. Nevertheless, confidence is there again and with confidence 
credit and enterprising spirit. The United States is the one nation profiting by 
this war right now. They are not so very sure if the Allies will win. Only the 
other day Admiral Stark, Chief of the Na\"y. told the House Committee that the 
United States must face the possibility of defeat of the Allies. I am very sure 
tiiat when an American Navy high official and expert says so it is rather signifi- 

When Lord Lothian, the British Ambassador in Washington in Chicago last 
week said that Great Britain was prepared to share her rule of the waves with her 
Anglo-Saxon brother nation, the United States, so is this the first time that a 
British statesman openly made such a concession. That means something for 
the United States. If you combine this with the new Navy program put before 
the Congress at the beginning of January you can see very clearly the American 
policy. As far as I can see is a great part of the navy program devoted to the 
defense against Japan. A very defensive move is also the request of the Navy 
Department to establish an air basis at Guam which is closer to the Far Eastern 
Continent than to the American Continent. I do not see clear yet what the 
American government is heading for, but the cancellation of the United States 
American trade treaty which goes out of existence on January 26 is quite sig- 
nificant for the United States jxdicy. 

Very interesting in your letter was the sentence in which you referred to the 
picnic in China and your question: "What earthly reason is there to prevent the 
one niillion soldiers to follow the example of Chiang's scattered troops and become 
guerillas?" I told this my American friends and they were really worried about 
it because it was just what they intended to prevent. I think, if you show the 

> For fMsiniile of original, see pp. 122&-123L 


Americans definitely a strong and defensive cold shoulder during your negotiations 
that this will impress them. At least, the American firms cut themselves in their 
own flesh if they impose a long embargo an American goods for Japan. The 
United States have indeed a small interest on the Far East but as far as I can .see 
the}' want to take over the position of the British in the Far East or if not that 
they want to defend the position of the British in the Far East and enable Great 
Britain to put all her forces toward the European war. This interlocking of pol- 
itics cannot keep anybody out of war even if this war is not as bloodthirsty as the 
other wars. That is the way the United States is fighting now against the totali- 
tarian states not with arms lout with all other means. 

From home I receive only the Ijest of news. Mj- mother and brothers are all 
well. My eldest brother is with the armes, the others are all working in their 
offices as usuallj-. The shortage of coflFee, gasoline and soap are the only things 
of which they suffer. 

I wish you a very happy and successful Xewyear with the outlook for a world 
peace for which I vaguely hope. I am afraid the war will last for quite a few 

Very sincerely j'ours, 

It is significant that Zapp made the following statement: "I think, 
if you show the Americans definitely a strong and defensive cold 
shoulder during your negotiations that this will impress them." 


The evidence before tlie committee indicates that Manfred Zapp and 
his associates were not only interested in securing "news" for dissemi- 
nation from the United States to Germany, but were also interested 
in making contacts with persons and organizations in the United 
States by means of which they could secure confidential information. 

Exhibit No. 118 is a letter to Zapp from Karl Georg Ilagemann, 
editor in chief of Scherl publications in Berlin. 

[Exhibit No. 118 '] 

Dear Doctor: As promised I am giving you in the following the address and 
telephone number of our New York correspondent, Mr. August W. Halfeld, 
Room 1204, 235 East 45th Street, New York City, Tel. Murray Hill 2-0131, 
Ext. 40. You may at any time address yourself in confidential matters to Mr. 
Halfeld who is also confidential agent in New York for the German Reich publi- 
cations association. 

For vour new task I wish you all the luck and remain with kindest regards and 
Heil Hitler. 

Karl Georg Hagemann. 

Attention is directed to the statement that Zapp could take up con- 
fidential matters with a certain Mr. Halfeld who is "also confidential 
agent in New York for the German Reich Publications Association." 

Exhibit No. 119 is a letter to Zapp from Dr. K. O. Bertling, who is 
the director of the Amerika-Institut in Berlin. 

[Exhibit No. 119 «] 

Dear Friend Zapp: So I finally heard from you, and in my fantasy I am 
entirely with j-ou. But to get right down to business. 1 propose that you visit 
right away Mr. Lawrence Dennis, with whom you have already perhaps l^ecome 
acquainted in the meantime, and who is the author of "The Coming Fascism in 
America", and who is the author of important articles on contemporary ques- 
tions in magazines hke "Readers Digest", "American Mercury", etc. Mr. 
Dennis is economic adviser of the gigantic firm of E. A. Pierce & Co., 40 Wall 
Street, which is probably the largest brokerage house in the United States. All 
you have to do is to contact him on the telephone and mention that I am send- 
ing regards. Mr. D. is a "big shot", and through him you will imdoubtedly, 
in view of the most recent political happenings, obtain any connections that you 
might wish and which at this time are all possible. 

I also want to mention to you Mr. Hans V. KALTENBORN, 9 Garden Place, 
Brooklyn, whom you can also reach by telephone. K. is a descendant of former 
War Minister von Kaltenborn-Stachau, and studied at Harvard University where 
he was my predecessor as President of the Harvard German Society. His nanie 
is on everybody's lips because he probably has the greatest influence as radio 
reporter on European politics. Unfortunately now, for several years he is not 
feeling very kindly toward Germany, and I therefore urge that you first of all 
discuss the" matter with Mr. Dennis, whether and how it would be possible to 
crank up Kaltcnborn's engine for your purposes. In any event, it is to be as- 
sumed that Mr. Kaltenborn should be receptive for informations which he could 
get through you. 

I also advise you to have Mr. Dennis give you his counsel concerning affiliation 
with the New York Sun. 

1 For facsimile of original, see p. 1232. 

' For facsimile of original, see pp. 1233, 1234. 



Have you met Dr. Schnitzler over there? It is probable that he is using a lot 
of his former circle of friends in the German Club. Give him my kindest regards. 
For today with kindest regards and all good wishes 

(Signed) Dr. K. O. Bertling. 

In this letter Bertling gave Zapp the names of certain people whom 
he suggested be approached here in America, in order that he, Zapp, 
might obtain "any connections that you might wish and which at this 
time are all possible." It will be noted that the date of this letter was 
November 1938, and that the name of Hans V. Kaltenborn was men- 
tioned as a possible contact. The record shows the fact that Mr. 
Kaltenborn would have been a poor contact for Zapp in view of the 
fact that Nazi Germany deemed it advisable to ask Mr. Kaltenborn 
to leave Nazi Germany because of his anti-Nazi utterances. 

Exhibit No. 120 is a communication from Zapp to Herrn Dr. 
Froehlich who has been identified previously as the Propaganda 
Minister, Department of Foreign Press, Berlin. 

(Exhibit No. 120 3] 

Dear Herr Froehlich: During mj^ last visit in Berlin, I had the pleasure of 
having luncheon with you and Herr Dr. B. in the "Auslandsklub". As you will 
remember, we spoke concerning the "Foreign Press Association in New York". 
In my opinion this question should once again be taken up and Herrn von Gienanth 
should be asked to report on it. By accident, I came together a few days ago 
with Herrn von Gienanth, who knew nothing of it. 

Through this letter I should only like to recall that the matter may not fall 
completely into oblivion, although at the present there is not any too great haste. 
Heil Hitler! 

Manfred Zapp. 

The question arises as to why Zapp felt that the propaganda 
minister in Berlin should receive a report concerning the Foreign 
Press Association in New York and that Herrn Gienanth of the 
Embassy should be required to take up tliis matter. 

Further evidence before the committee indicates that Zapp at all 
times was encouraged from Berlin to make the acquaintance of 
persons in the United States who occupied positions of importance in 
American industry. Exhibit No. 121 is a communication from Zapp 
addressed to Herrn Dr. Adolf Faust, in Germany, in wliich he evidently 
answered the suggestions made to him by Herrn Faust to the effect 
that he would attempt to approach certain people in the United 
States who could help him from a social standpoint. 

[Exhibit No. 121 *] 

Dear Herr Faust: In this letter Zapp states that he will very gladly go to 
see Mr. Mooney (probably the Vice-President of General Motors Company) 
when he returns from his JEuropean voyage, and that within the course of the 
following month he will also visit in Philadelphia with Herr Voltz, the private 
secretary of Mr. Budd, Senior. The writer says naturally, he does not know 
whether these gentlemen can help him but he attaches much value to their social 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 122 is a communication from Manfred Zapp to Colonel 
Emerson, of Alexandria, Va., in which Zapp advised Colonel Emerson 
that he was sending him Transocean News Service for a month's 

3 For facsimile of ori?inal, see p. 1234. 

* For facsimile of original, see pp. 1235, 1236. 


[Exhibit No. 122 !] 

September 13, 1939. 
Col. Edwin Emersox, 

5 Edgewood Terrace, Alexandria, Virginia, 

Belle Haven. 

Dear Sir: According to j^our request I am sending you, for a month on trial 
our Transoeean News Service. 

In these times of crisis and war, the Transoeean News Service is in the position 
to make its news reports available to individuals, interested in Central European 

The Transoeean News Service, whose headquarters are in Berlin, Germany, is 
a privately owned corporation, not to be confused with the DNB (Deutsches 
Nachrichtenbuero). Transoeean specializes in Central European and Near 
Eastern news and has an excellent coverage of the Baltics, the Balkans, the 
Orient and Germany. Transoeean carries all of the official government state- 
ments of Central Europe and does not permit its correspondence to color facts 
with individual opinion and comment. 

The Transoeean News Service reports, which will be issued dail}', would cost 
$3.00 a week. 

If you are interested in the Transoeean News Service for your own personal 
information, please send me a note. 
Very truly yours, 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 123 is a letter from Colonel Emerson to Mr. Tonn, 
Zapp's assistant, in which he transmitted a report to Transoeean in 
New York. Colonel Emerson closed his communication with a 
"Sieg-Heil for your Fuehrer." 

[Exhibit No. 123 «] 

5 Edgewood Terr, Belle Haven, 
Alexandria, Va., September 28, 19S9. 
Mr. Thoxn, 

Transoeean, SJfl Madison Avenue, 

Xew York City 
De.\r Mr. Thonn: In accordance with my promise I am sending you a brief 
report about an occurrence which may have escaped your local representative, 
since nearly all the local papers assiduously suppressed it. It is of course under- 
stood that for such small services I do not expect any honorarium. 

As I have stated orallj* to you, you have my sincere sympathy in the difficulties 
of your dangerous post. You are so constantly devoting yourself to Transoeean 
and your fatherland that j'ou are able to overcome attendant inconveniences. 

Of your reports, which are always welcome, only two have failed to appear so far. 
My latest German mail arrived so mischievously rumpled that postman felt 
constrained to apologize for the Alexandria Post Office. 
With a Sieg-Heil for your Fuehrer, 

(Signed) Edwin Emerson. 

Exhibit No. 124 is a letter from George Sylvester Viereck in New 
York City, to Manfred Zapp, under date of April 11, 1939, in which 
Viereck suggested certain changes that Zapp could effect with regard 
to the dissemination of Transoeean New^s Service. 

[Exhibit No. 124 T 

Dear Mr. Zapp: I have been reading your Transoceanic Service with great 
interest. It seems to me that it is of great value to a newspaper that has no 
American service, but it is not of great value, except as a means of checking up, 
to any newspaper regularly serviced by any of the great American agencies. 

I have read your service very carefully, but have found very little that was 
not printed in the American newspapers. This maj- be due to the fact that the 
American news agencies receive a great deal of their material from the same 
sources as you do in Germany. It may be, of course, that I am mistaken. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 12.37. 
« For facsimile of original, see p. 1238. 
' For fafsimile of original, see p. 1239. 


It seems to me that before you can sell your service to anyone here, you would 
have to check up very carefully for a period of a few weeks, and point out to any 
possible American purchaser news item.s covered by 3'ou, which were not covered 
by the other services. As a matter of fact, the value of your service might be 
increased, if you give it even more distinctly a pro-German slant.; if you give the 
newspapers those things which their own correspondents do not send them from 
Germany and Italy. 

These are purely m.y personal impressions, which I hope you will not take amiss. 
I may be entirely wrong. 
Sincereh^ yours, 

GSV:FG. (Signed) George Sylvester Viereck. 

Exhibit No. 125 is a letter from Manfred Zapp to the Depeschen- 
bureau Europapress in Frankfurt, Germany, suggesting to this 
organization that he, Zapp, could furnish his publication with news 
from the United States. Attention is directed to the statement of 
Zapp that "inasmuch as there are unfortunately only very few 
German editors in America who are not occupied 150 per cent of their 

[Exhibit No. 125 s] 

March 5, 1940. 
Depeschenbureau Europapress, 

Ausland-Pressedienst G. m. b. H., Schliessfach 398 und 399, Frankfurt a. M. 1, 
z. Hd. d. Herrn Nuesgen. (means, Attention of Air. Nuesgen.) 

Dear Mr. Nuesgen: Yesterday I received through the Press Attache in the 
German Embassy in Washington your letter of January 15th addressed to him 
in which you request him to name a suitable racially pure German editor who 
could regularly furnish you articles and fillers from the United States. 

Inasmuch as there are, unfortunately, only very few German editors in America 
who are not occupied 150 percent of their time, it is difficult to find an editor who 
would be available for this work. However, I have made great efforts in this 
direction. For the duration of the illness of Mr. Tonn, I have asked Dr. Joseph 
Hunck, who also works in our office here, to send a'ou monthly two articles and 
one letter with fillers. Dr. Hunck will be glad to take this for the duration of the 
illness of Dr. Tonn. I have also discussed the matter with Tonn, who is leaving 
New York today in order to recuperate further in Florida. For the next two 
months it will be impossible to count on a return of Mr. Tonn. 

I assume that you will handle the payments in the same manner as heretofore, 
and that j^ou will transmit 150 Marks per month to Frau Hertha Hunck, Wilhelm 
Raabestrasse 12, Hamburg-Grossflottbeck instead of Mr. Tonn. I hope that this 
will serve you. 

With kind regards and 
Heil Hitler! 

(signed) Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 126 is a letter addressed to Guenther Tonn from Fred 
Kreutzenstein in Washington, D. C, under date of September 22, 
1939. The evidence discloses that for a short period of time Kreut- 
zenstein was the Washington representative for the Transocean News 
Service, although he worked on material which would "not come in 
conflict with Transocean." 

[Exhibit No. 126 «] 

My Dear Mr. Tonn: I received this morning your two letters of the 21st and 
I confirm with thanks the instructions concerning my work here. 

I spoke this morning with McDermott, the press chief of the State Depart- 
ment, who enlightened me as to the manner in which I will be admitted to the 
various press conferences, etc. First of all it is necessary that I be accredited 
with the Senate and House of Representatives before the State Department can 
take notice of me. So I immediately made the necessary applications with 
Donaldson and Wm Collins of the Senate, but they can only be submitted on 

8 For facsimile of original, see p. 1240. 
• For facsimile of original, see p. 1241. 


Wednesday to the Press Committee. Mr. Campman's credentials could not be 
transferred to me. 

Despite this I attempted to attend this morning's White House Conference, 
and without difficulty was passed by the guards, but in the ante-room I saw 
McDermott, and I felt obliged, as a matter of form, to ask him whether it would 
be O. K. I received the answer that it was not O. K. and so I scrammed. I had 
seen Hepp of the D. N. B., and when I submitted my application to the Senate, 
Hepp at the same time asked for his permit because it had been intimated to him 
that it would be no longer permissible for him to go on attending press conferences 
without formalities. 

That thing about "playing" on the teletype was a misunderstanding. Mr. 
Robert Greis had demanded "practice" and was practicing on the teletype, but 
then I came into the office and saw 3^our request to give you comments, so I sat 
down and put the things that I still remembered into the machine and then gave 
the finish signal. After that Mr. Greis again asked for "practice" here in Wash- 
ington and "practiced" some more. To your queries and other matters he 
reacted as though they came from the teletype people here, and only when I saw 
your protest about the "plaything" I called his attention to the fact that some- 
thing was wrong. 

I am gradually finding my way about here, but I still do not know how to 
arrange it so that I will not come into conflict with Transocean, that is, working 
on items which seem new to me, but which have already been transmitted to 
them. But will somehow reach an arrangement. Kenwood of the United Press 
sends his kindest regards and I believe that you have definitely succeeded in 
squeezing him over to the German side. Edelstein, the little fellow who sits 
opposite him is going to fix things up so I can slide into the National Press Club, 
because he is the chairman of the committee on admissions. 

Cordial greetings 

(signed) Fred Kreutzenstein. 

E.xhibit No. 127 is a communication from Kreutzenstein to Mr. 
Tonn, under date of September 25, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 127 ">] 

My Dear Mr. Tonn: It was stupid of me not to state I had made severa 
cuts in Hull's speech. You were also quite right that a New Yorker is not much 
use here, and I have today dismissed Mr. Gries, and I am already having a good 
selection of several gentlemen of the press here. Either tomorrow or the day 
after I will have someone who understands conditions here better and who is 
better able to handle the teletype. 

But you must always consider that they are now watching very sharply here, 
and that furthermore, for the time being, we are being met with the greatest 
distrust which up to now has made it impossible for me to move freely. I have 
immediately looked around and made all my applications and prepared every- 
thing else, in order to assure a smooth routine, but the Press Department of the Sen- 
ate will not meet until Wednesday in order to make their decision on the most 
important of all papers for me, the admission to the Congressional Press Galleries. 
Without this admission one is now automatically cut off from the State Depart- 
ment, the White House, etc. 

I had to use a certain amount of undercover work in order to be able to grab 
in the State Department a copy of Welles speech, before Leon Pearson of Havas 
smelt something and before McDermott saw me and threw me out. You there- 
fore will have to have a little patience until the middle of the week; after that 
you can do all your hell-raising and let your lightning strike. 


(signed) Kreutzenstein. 

Attention is directed to the fact that Kreutzenstein felt that he 
was always being watched in Washington and as a result he had not 
been able to move freely. Also to his statement that "you therefore 
will have to have a little patience untU the middle of the week; after 
that you can do all your hell-raising and let your lightning strike." 

Exhibit No, 128 is a communication from Kreutzenstein to Mr. 
Tonn, under date of September 27, 1939. 

i" For facsimile of original, see p. 1242. 


[Exhibit No. 128 "] 

My Dear Mr. Tonn: Enclosed a few releases which can be of use to you. 
Yesterday I arranged with Mr. Von Strempel that we talk daily, around noon, 
concerning the political situation here, and I believe that we will do well in this. 
Just this morning he had given a long Transocean report of the fall of Warsaw, 
and while I was with him there was a veritable hailstone of telephone calls asking 
for further details. Mr. Von Strempel emphasized again and again "This is a 
Transocean report and Transocean is a private news agency, but exceedingly 

The State Department is taking it upon itself to scare our American people 
away from us, and does not even stop at threats. Various people who have been 
recommended to me by Transocean, United Press and others refuse only a few 
hours later to work for us. Some of them opened up right away and said that 
one had scared them, and later on I learned through the United Press that Dorcy 
Fisher and McDermott of the Press Division of the State Department took par- 
ticular delight in enlightening the people with what a "dangerous" enterprise 
thej^ had become tied up and that soon it would go tough on them. 

Mr. Von Strempel is of the opinion that after the experiences which Mr. Sell 
allegedly already has made, that it would be better for us to have a female secre- 
tary for the office, who would also service the teletype while I move on the out- 
side. I have another man in prospect for the beginning of next week but it is 
highly probable that before that time he will take it on the lam. By the way, 
there is a buUmarket for journalists with a little experience, and everybody is 
turning up their noses when I talk of $30. Just for that reason alone I had pre- 
ferred to teach somebody the ropes so that afterwards I could be sure of him. 
In any event, we have gotten into a jam in this situation which is not even to be 
preferred to a rickety plank road, and you will just have to advise me how we 
can go about getting the vehicle moving again. 

Kindest regards from your 

(Signed) Fred Kreutzenstein. 

It is significant that Kreutzenstein was required to make certain 
arrangements with von Strempel, an attache of the German Embassy. 

Exhibit No. 129 is a communication from Kreutzenstein to Guenther 
Tonn, in New York under date of October 9, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 129 12] 

My Dear Mr. Tonn: In reply to your letter of the 6th instant, I want to ask 
you most energetically to stick, at least to some degree, to your contractual 
arrangement. At the time you had specifically instructed me to hire an American 
auxiliary worker with a weekly salary up to $35., Mr. Greis conformed approxi- 
mately to this arrangement. He is an American citizen; he can even speak a 
little German and is a willing young man who could quickly familiarize himself 
with his work. You did not by any chance expect to get an experienced journalist 
for that salary!? 

And then you simply took in one fell swoop that I had spent in one week eighteen 
dollars for porters and taxis in Washington. With all your thoroughness you 
certainly should have seen that I listed $10.00 for postage, porter and taxi cab 
in Washington. The $8.00 which you also attributed to Washington expenses are 
the expenses on the way to and from Washington, not only for me but also for 
Mr. Greis, and no matter how tight you are I would like to see how you could get 
along with all that heavy baggage for less than $2.00 per trip for taxis and tips?. 
The bell-hop in the hotel wants to have something, the taxi, the railroad station 
must be paid, and you ought to know that railroad porters do not carry your 
baggage to the train gratis. And the same thing happening in the berths upon 
arrival in Washington, where furthermore, I had to first check the baggage in 
order to find a hotel which would fit in well with our working plans. 

Then I bought for $3.00 airmail and special delivery stamps in Washington, 
and I had at least $1.00 in stamps left when I quite the office in Washington for the 
last time. I really have used up $2.00 in stamps and now I am supposed to pay 
for them? 

There remains $8.00 for taxi cabs in Washington instead of the $18.00 which 
you construe out of my expense account. Right away, on the first day, I had to 

" For facsimile of original, see pp 1243, 1244. 
'2 For facsimile of original, see p. 1245. 


spend more than $2.00 for taxis, solely and purely in the interests of Transocean. 
Taxi to the State Department and back — ^taxi to the Capitol and back — ^taxi to 
the White House in order to secure Roosevelt's speech — taxi to the Brazilian 
Embassy. At the same time I sent Mr. Greis around to the various Government 
departments in order to secure their "releases". One certainly does not need any 
special fantasy in view of the urgent circumstances to spend more than a dollar a 
day for taxis. 

In the hope that this most distasteful embarrassing situation in which you are 
bringing me is due only to accidental circumstances, I request you to stop con- 
tinuing to hurt my reputation. Your twisting of the things that I told Dr. Gross 
concerning the letter on Mr. Von Strempel's desk is ridiculous and irrevelant. 
Heil Hitler 

(signed) Kreutzenstein. 

From the contents of this communication it is quite apparent that 
Krcutzenstein had a faUing out with Guenther Tonn in New York. 
Particular attention, however, is directed to the last sentence in the 
letter when Krcutzenstein stated: "Your twisting of the things that I 
told Dr. Gross concerning the letter on IMr. Von Strempel's desk is 
ridiculous and irrevelant." At a later point in tliis report, the activ- 
ities of Dr. Gross will be discussed in detail. 

On July 13, 1939, Manfred Zapp accepted an invitation to address 
the Institute of Public Affairs in Charlottesville, Va. His lecture was 
entitled "The Position of the Ir)dividual in Germany." 

In a letter dated July 22, 1939, exhibit No. 130, Zapp reported to 
the German Embassy the results of the above-mentioned lecture. 

[Exhibit No. 130 i'] 

Upon the invitation of the Institute of Public Affairs I gave a lecture on 
Thursday, July 13, in Charlottesville, Virginia. The subject of my lecture read: 
"The Position of the Individual in Germany". A copy of this lecture is enclo.sed. 

(In his letter Zapp goes on to describe the Institute of Public Alfairs, its func- 
tions, and the various prominent persons who at one time or another had de- 
livered lectures at its meetings. Following this explanation regarding the Insti- 
tute Zapp's letter then continues as follows:) 

The public wliich attends the meetings of the Institute consist for the great 
part of members of American women's clubs and other similar associations who 
interest themselves in domestic and foreign politics. The importance of the 
meetings of this Institute lies less in the reaction upon the audience but rather 
in the echo which these lectures evoke throughout the countr}'. Usually these 
lectures are broadcast over the radio; furthermore, a resume of the lectures is 
carried in all the papers in the country through the large press agencies such as 
UP, AP and INS, and are there discussed. It is, therefore, much less the audi- 
ence upon which one has to make an effect rather than the entire American 

When I arrived in Charlottesville I found the atmosphere about me as a German 
cold and negative. Before my lecture I was cut everj'where in such a way that 
it enraged me as a German and I played with the idea of not holding my lecture 
at all. I, however, conquered this feeling and I openly explained to the Ameri- 
cans before the beginning of my lecture that I believed I had not come to the 
right place if as a German I would have to speak before such a negative and 
hostile group. Then I began my lecture. I found my audience extremely inter- 
ested but just as negative. The discussion which followed in the afternoon in 
the so-called "round table" conference was sharp and bitter. I found it un- 
worthy as a German to stand before such a hostile audience but I thought finally 
of the example of the Fuehrer who also in his various meetings met with the 
most bitter hostility and later came out victorious. The questions were partly 
objective, partly extremely hateful. The bitter questions I answered in just as 
sharp a manner and the friendly questions in just so friendly a manner. After 
the discussion the atmosphere was as good as changed. For every participant 
whether a listener or a speaker I was "the friend from Germany". People ac- 
knowledged and respected my attitude even though they did not share it. At 

13 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1246-1248. 



the large dinner after my lecture people did me particular honor. On the follow- 
ing day the radio asked me to repeat my lecture. I received calls from various 
people and was approached by many who wished to have information. I person- 
ally had the impression that I was contributing much to an understanding of our 
situation among those present although the meeting was for me personally ex- 
tremely unfriendly and up until the time of my lecture almost degrading. 

It is almost a presumption to sit in an auditorium which listens enthusiastically 
to speakers who openly demand war against Germany. Important men such as 
General J. G. Harbord, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the R. C. A. — 
the large radio company — or Mr. Bruce Bliven, President of the New York 
paper "The New Republic", or unimportant people like Clarence K. Streit, the 
former Geneva correspondent of the "New York Times" or Professor Preuss 
(Aryan) from the University in Michigan and others have openly declared that 
America must enter a war against the national Socialist and Fascist nations. It 
was for me extremely disagreeable to stand upon a platform where the most 
vicious questions were asked by an audience hostile to Germany and which had 
to be answered from this platform. 

After this experience I have asked myself the question: "Should one in the 
future attend such meetings or not?" and I have thought a long time over the 
answer. In this connection I have come to the decision that if we wish to try to 
keep America out of war, we should not leave such important meetings out of 
consideration and must attend tliem; for the people are hungry for information 
which the press does not give them. The press indeed gives only excerpts which 
only describe the negative sides, whereas in a lecture one has the opportunity to 
show the great positive (side). This great positive side is otherwise unknown and 
is consequently "news" for the reporters who cover these meetings. Therefore, 
such a lecture will have a good press. For the speaker his presence at such a 
meeting is a torture. On the other hand if we have completely written off the 
United States then we can spare the speaker sucli tortures and we need not attend 
such lectures. For the time being, however, I consider such a meeting as extremely 
useful for our interests. 

Enclosed herewith I send you a copy of a letter which I have received from 
Hardy C Dillard, Director of the Institute of Public Affairs. 
Heil Hitler. 

Manfred Z.'^pp. 
2 Enclosures. 

Exhibit No. 131. On September 11, 1939, Zapp was in recipt of a 
communication from F. W. Sollman, of Wallingford, Pa. Sollman was 
the former German Minister of Interior and for many years was a 
member of the German Parliament and majority leader in the Reichs- 
tag. In his letter, Sollman took exception to certain statements that 
Zapp had made in his address before the Institute of Public Affairs 
in Charlottesville, Va. 

[Exhibit No. 131 h] 

F. W. Sollman, 

Pendle Hill, 
Wallingford, Pa., September 11, 1939. 
Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

Transocean News Service, 

New York City 

Dear Sir: A friend transmitted to me your lectures at Charlottesville. Inas- 
much as I too lectured there I leafed through your opus with some interest, being 
one of those who experienced on their own bodies "The position of the Individual 
in Germany", including the utter destruction of my apartment by official order of 
the Nazi Party and including physical torture by order officially of the Nazi 
Party, in a building occupied by the Nazi Party, I would be in a position to make 
some rather expert comment on your allegations, but I am not interested in 
doing so. 

I only should like to correct factually one mis-statement, because it is so 
frequently made. In the German Reichstag there never were 28 parties. In 1930 
the Reichstag had 15 groups, of which only 8 had anv strength worth while 
mentioning. In 1932 there were only 12, of which only 6 had the size of regular 

'* For facsimile of original, see p. 1249. 


part}' delegations. The number of important political groups was never more 
than six. I must admit that j'our exaggeration is relatively small. Mr. Hitler 
used to speak of 47 parties. Anj^-way, as a German I am somewhat embarrassed, 
if I am forced to answer the question of a foreign professor that statements which 
can so easily be checked, which are made in a lecture by another German, are 
incorrect. For this reason I take the liberty to call your attention to your error. 
Very truly yours, 

(Signed) F. Wilhelm Sollman, 

Former German Federal Minister, 
For many ijears Member of the Reichstag. 

At the tiine the investigation of the Transocean News Service was 
bemg conducted in New York, certain press notices appeared in the 
newspapers advising that Transocean News was being investigated 
by the committee. On September 17, 1940, the committee was in 
receipt of the following letter, exhibit No. 132. 

[Exhibit No. 132 u] 
Daoens Nyheter 
Stockholm, Sweden 

September 17, 1940. 

Staff Correspondent Eric T. Winberg 

The Dies Committee, 

Washington, D. C. 

Gentlemen: In regard to the German news agency, Trans Oceanic News, I 
have had an experience, which may be of aid and interest. 

A late friend of mine, born in Sweden, neutral in politics and manager of a 
German movie theatre, telephoned me rather late one night (around midnight 
to be exact) in the beginning of April last year. He told me that he had two 
friends with him and that he wanted to come and see me. The lateness of the 
hour was not unusual, because his work as a theatre manager and mine as a 
newspaperman made it necessary to start work late in the day and and finish 
late at night. The two men witli him were German newspapermen. One pub- 
lished a small monthly in the German language and the other, whose name I 
remember as Mr. Tonn, was with the Trans Oceanic News. 

Mr. Tonn and I had a conversation, during which we discussed our work and 
I informed him that Sweden was vcr.v anxious to create good-will in the U. S. 
and that Swedish newspapermen stationed in the U. S. took it as one of their 
duties to present America in as favorable a light as possible to the readers in 
Sweden and that gangster-stories and such were never sent, because they were 
not representatives of the country. I enlarged slightly further on the subject 
and Mr. Tonn then answered me: 

My instructions are entirely different. We send news to South America, Ger- 
many and some of our stuff goes to the Far East and for us it is a matter of policy 
to damage the prestige of the U. S. as best we can. We work all our stuff that 
way and don't send anything else unless it can not be avoided from the point of 
view of news value. 

This answer naturally startled me and it also made me slightly hot under the 
collar. It was the first time in mj' life that I met Mr. Tonn, whom I since have 
met only once more, for a few minutes on a pier at the arrival of a steamship. 

I spoke to some American newspapermen about it, because it seemed to me to 
be a story worth investigating, but apparently it was not. I tried to get Gerald 
Duncan of the New York Daily News interested and also Carrol Kilpatrick of the 
Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser, but nothing came of it. I am glad to see that 
your Committee has taken up the activities of this news service, though late. 
Verj- sincerely yours, 

(Signed) Eric T. Winberg. 

P. S. — I shall be glad to give this information verbally to any representative 
of the Dies Committee in New York and possibly also other information, I may 

This statement is enlightening in that a representative of the Trans- 
ocean News frankly admitted to a representative of the Foreign Press 
Association that the policy of his organization was merely to damage 
the prestige of the United States. 

" For facsimile of original, see pp. 1250, 1251 . 


The books of the Transocean News Service for the period from 
fJaniiary 1, 1939, until about August 15, 1940, were examined and 
disclosed the following facts: 

(1) That during the above mentioned period, Zapp as director of 
the Transocean New Service received $135,956.97. (2) That during 
the same period he received from subscribers in the United States the 
amount of $7,705.02. In other words, the agency operated in this 
country at a net expense of $128,251.95. The books disclosed that 
most of the receipts received by the organization were from the German 
Embassy in Washington and the various consulates throughout the 

Exhibit No. 133 is the mailing list of the Transocean News Service 
asof August 27, 1940. 

[Exliibit No. 133 '] 

Mailing List 


August 27, 1940. 

30 PM., Midnight. 
30 PM., Midnight. 
30 PM., Midnight. 
30 PM., Midnight. 
30 PM., Midnight. 

Airmail Time mail leaves 

Waechter & Anzeiger, 1736 East 22 Street, 12:30 PM., 8 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
Detroiter Abendpost, 1442 Brush Street, 12:30 PM., 8 

Detroit, Michigan. 
Cincinnati Freie Presse, 905 Vine Street, 12:30 PM., 8 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Milwaukee Deutschzeitung, 540 West 12:30 PM., 8 

Juneau Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
California State Council of the Steuben 12:30 PM., 8 

Society of America, 24 California 

Street, San Francisco, California. Att. 

Col. Klute. 
Washington Staatszeitung, 215 South- 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

west Park Avenue, Portland, Oregon. 
Omaha Daily Tribune, 1307-09 Howard 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Street, Omaha, Nebraska. 
Editor California Democrat, 370 18th 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Avenue, San Francisco, California. 
California Staatszeitung, 221 East Pico 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Street, Los Angeles, California. 
National Weeklies, Editorial Department, 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Winona, Minnesota. 

Regular mail Time mail leaves 

Rochester Abendpost, 237 Andrews 12:30 PM., 8:30 PM., Midnight. 

Street, Rochester, New York. 
Anzeiger & Post, 127 Newbury Street, 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Lawrence, Massachusetts. 
Deutsches Nachrichtenbuero, 50 Rocke- Midnight. 

feller Plaza, Rm. 543, New York City. 

For facsimile of original, see pp. 1252-126.'>. 




Regular mail Time mail leaves 

Mr. von Knoop, 17 Batterv Place, New Called for at 3:00 PM. 

York City. 
Mr. Heribert von Strempel, P. O. Box, Mailed every Tuesday and Friday in- 
Easthampton, Long Island. eluding daily service between mail- 

ing periods. 


Regular mail Time mail leaves 

German Consulate, 1520 Lewis Tower, 5:30 PM., Midnight. 
225 South 1 5th Street, Philadelpliia, 
Pennsylvania. Att. Mr. Erich Windels. 


Airmail Time mail leaves 

German Consulate General, 333 N. 5:30 PM., Midnight (2 copies Ger- 

Michigan Avenue Bldg., Chicago, man). 

German Consulate General, 26 O'Farrell 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Street, San Francisco, California. 
German Consulate, 1410 International 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Bldg., 722 Chestnut Street, St. Louis, 

German Consulate, 1122 Midland Bank Midnight. 

Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Regular mail Time mail leaves 

German Consulate General, 333 N. 5:30 PM., Midnight (3 copies Eng- 

Michigan Avenue Bldg., Chicago, Illi- lish). 

German Consulate, 131 State Street, Bos- 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

ton, Massachusetts. 
German Consulate, 17 Battery Place, Called for at 3:00 PM. 

New York City. 
German Embassy, Massachusetts Avenue, 12:30 PM., 5:30 PM., 8:30 PM., 

Washington, f). C. Midnight. 


Regular mail Time mail leaves 

German Library of Information, 17 Bat- Called for at 3:00 PM. 

tery Place, New York City. 
German Railroads Information Office, II Midnight. 

West 57th Street, New York City. 


Airmail Time mail leaves 

German Consulate, 403 South Mariposa 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Avenue, Los Angeles, California. 
German Consulate, 3029 St. Charles Ave- Midnight (Pink Only). 

nue, New Orleans, Louisiana. 


Mr. Kurt Benoit, Agenda Transocean, 3:30 PM. 

Apartado Postale 1658, Mexico City, 

Mexico D. F. 
Mr. R. B. Strassburger, Normandy Farm, 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Gwynedd VaUey, Pennsjdvania. 

Regular mail Time mail leaves 

Mr. Lawrence Dennis, 420 Warwick Ave- 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

nue, West Englewood, New Jersey. 
Transocean News Service, 1092 National 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

Press Bldg., Washington, D. C. 


German Consulate, Mobile, Alabama 5:30 PM., Midnight (Starting Sept. 1), 

Mr. John Bolten, c/o The Bolta Co., Law- 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

rence, Massachusetts. 
Generalleutnant Friedrich von Boetticher, 5:30 PM., Midnight. 

c/o German Embassy, Massachusetts 

Ave., Washington, D. C. 
Mr. R. B. Strassburger, Waldorf Astoria Delivered 5 : 30 PM., Midnight. 

Towers, Apt. 41 C, New York City. 


Regular mail Time mail leavet 

The Director, The New York Public Midnight. 

Library, Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street, 

New York City. 
George Sylvester Viereck, Esq., 305 Midnight. 

Riverside Drive, New York City. 
Dr. Albert Degener, 10 East 40th Street, Midnight. 

New York City. 
Kurt H. Schurig & Company, 50 Broad- Midnight, 
way, New York City. 


Mr. S. Collins, 231 West 58th Street, Friday at Midnight. 

New York City. 
Dr. L. A. Ewald, 65 East 77th Street, Friday at Midnight. 

New York City. 
Mr. Paul Scheffer, 32 East 51 Street, New Friday at Midnight. 

York City. 

Examination of the bank records of the Transocean News Service 
discloses that Zapp evidently received all of his money by drafts 
from Berlin. However, it is significant to note that these funds 
reached Zapp through various sources: the bank of Mexico, Mexico 
City; the Deutsche Ueberseeische Bank, Berlin; Zurich, Switzerland; 
H. M. G. Albert de Bary & Co., Amsterdam; and Amsterdamsche 
Bank, Amsterdam, Holland. Sixteen of the above-mentioned drafts 
are attached to tliis report and are numbered exhibits [Nos. 134-149 ^]. 

Exliibit No. 150 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp in New York. 
There are several cables in the files of the committee along the same 
lines as the above and the present exhibit is introduced to illustrate 
the fact that Berlin controls the sending of money to Zapp even 
though the money comes from sources outside the continental limits 
of Germany. 

[Exhibit No. 150 >] 

Are transmitting today two thousand dollars. Additional amount coming 
from Venezuela. Request telegraphic information on amount of last sum. 

It w^ll be recalled that Zapp took over the direction of Transocean 
News Service in the latter part of 1938. The books of the organiza- 
tion do not reflect that Zapp received any salary from the organization 
from that time until September of 1939. However, an examination 
of his personal bank accoimt, which figures were obtained pursuant 
to the formal issuance of a subpena on the Chase National Bank 
reveal that during the above-mentioned period there was credited to 
Zapp's account $13,847.32. The above-amount was received from 
four different sources: the Aleutsche Sudamericanischc Bank of 
Hamburg, Germany; Deutscher Asistische Bank of Shanghai; Banco 

' For facsimile of original, see pp. 1255-1260. 
3 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1261, 1262. 

274778— 40— pt. 2 5 


Aleman Traiisatlantico, Buenos Aires; and A. F. Frisbie, Esq., Post 
Office Box 1351, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 

According to the books, Zapp received a salary which approximated 
$600 a month. The books further disclose that durmg the period 
from January 1939 through July 1940 Transocean paid $44,387.91 
for wireless service. The petty cash items from the period from 
January 1939 through July 1940 amount to $7,705.02. 

Investigation at Ellis Island, N. Y., discloses that Manfred Zapp 
entered the United States on December 30, 1938, on a consular visa. 
He was classified as a nonimmigrant, section 3 (6) of the Inmii- 
gration Act of 1924, as a treaty merchant. The records also disclose 
that he was in the United States in 1931 and 1932. Mr. Zapp's 
chief assistant in New York is one Guenther Tonn. Records at 
Ellis Island disclose that he entered the United States on October 20, 
1938, and that he also entered as a treaty merchant. It is also inter- 
esting to note that Tonn was in the United States from 1914 until 
1916, and left this country just a few days before the United States 
declared war. 

Zapp registered at the Department of State as an agent of a foreign 
principal on January 24, 1939, and stated that he was in the business 
of "selling subscriptions for the news service of Transocean (a world- 
wide service) to American news and American broadcasts, and col- 
lecting American news for Transocean News Service." 

The following is a list of the emplo3"ees in Transocean News Service, 
New York City: 

Zapp, Manfred \Ar„„ i mm 

Tonn, Guenther ^^y ^' ^^-^^ 

Started Left 

Lingelbach, Margarethe Oct. 1938 Feb. 15,1939 

Posselt, Erich Jan. 22,1939 Mar. 11, 1939 

Posselt, Era, substituting Jan. 22,1939 Mar. 11, 1939 

Lehwald, Siri _ Jan. 27,1939 

Bode, Charlotte _-. Feb. 18,1939 

Hoffmeister, William, substituting Feb. 7,1939 Aug. 12,1939 

Matthiesen, Niels Feb. 2,1939 

Wiegand, Guenther Mar. 28, 1939 Oct. 20, 1939 

Kaspar, Hildegard Mar. 3,1939 

Foerster, Rudi Apr. 3,1939 

Quisenberry, Arthur Apr. 12,1939 

H. von Echardt Sept. 1,1939 

WiUiam R. Russell July 5,1940 

Guenther, Ernst June 15, 1939 

Riker, Edwin S Nov. 20, 1939 Feb. 2,1940 

(Substitute during summer months for Niels 
und Eddy.) 

Schimanski, Alice Sept. 18, 1939 Oct. 19,1939 

Arthur F. McCullough Oct. 23, 1939 July 6, 1940 

Dr. Joseph Hunck Oct. 23,1939 Apr. 28,1940 

Tom Davis and Mary Nair Davis Oct. 23,1939 Apr. 6,1940 

Freiherr von Bothmer Oct. 23,1939 Nov. 1939 

Ludwig Leher Jan. 9,1940 Jan. 13,1940 

Ernst Kotz Jan. 13,1940 

Fred Grone Feb. 1,1940 

Marie AUes Mar. 5,1940 Mar. 9,1940 

Rose Marotta Apr. 12,1940 

William Hawk Apr. 8,1940 

Edwin A. Kampmann May 10, 1939 Sept. 2,1939 

Walter Goetz substituting for office boys. 


The files at Ellis Island in New York reveal the following informa- 
tion concerning the above-mentioned personnel: 

MARGARETHE LiNGELBACH — she has taken out first papers and has notified her 

intention of becoming a citizen. Her last trip to Germany was in 1936. 
ERICH POSSELT — Austrian, first came to this country in 1914. 
f^iRi LEHWALD — Originallj' came to this country in 1924. She has since been 

back to Germany and is a German subject. Last entrance into the United 

States on July 14, 1937. 
HiLDEGARD KASPAR — Entered this country last in December, 1939. A German 

subject who originally came to this country January 11, 1930. 
WILLIAM HOFFMEisTER — A German subject, came to this country January II, 

GUENTHER wiEGAND — German subject, came to this country May 9, 1930. 
NIELS MATTHiESEN^German subject, first came to this country September 6, 

ERNST KOTz — German subject who last entered the United States, October 1^ 

1938, under a reentry term. 
ERNST GUENTHER — German subject, came to this country June 1, 1937. 
LUDwiG LEHER — Was in the United States from 1927 to 1933. He returned to" 

Germany and reentered the United States, Noyember 10, 1937. A German 

HENRiCK VON ECHARDT — Came to the United States in 1914 to 1915 and re- 
entered again November 10, 1932. 


During recent years many investigations have been made into the 
activities of groups who were alleged to be affiliated with the Nazi 
Government. The attention of investigative agencies for the most 
part has been directed toward uncovering the activities of the German 

Up to the present time there was no available information that the 
German Government had been operating in this country a well 
organized, secret party, the membership of which was mider the con- 
trol of officials of the German Government, who were attached to the 
German Embassy and the German consul. 

It is understandable in part why these facts were never available 
since the operations of this group were shrouded with diplomatic 

The organization is known as the Foreign Division of the National 
Socialist Party. The leader of the party in this country is Dr. F. 
Draeger, who is attached to the German consulate in New York City. 

Exhibit No. 151 is a copy of the report of Dr. Eckner, German 
consul in Montreal, to the German Embassy in Washington. 

lExhibit No. 151 '] 

The French Fascist Leader, Adrien Arcand, recently visited this office and 
submitted the enclosed copy, asked Avhether he could receive for the local Cana- 
dian Fascist organ, "L'lllustration Nouvelle", the news service of the German 
News Bureau. I have stated to him that the conditions under which the so-called 
Transocean news could be subscribed to are not known to me in detail. Mr. 
Arcand promised me that "L'Illu.stration Nouvelle" would reprint such German 
news items without mentioning the source. In my opinion, the only way to han- 
dle this is to have Transocean news service transmitted by airmail from Wash- 
ington to Mr. Arcand or to "L'lllustration Nouvelle". I am advised by the Ger- 
man Consulate General in Ottawa that it has corresponded repeated!}^ with the 
Embassy in Washington concerning the question under which Transocean news 
service could be given to American and Canadian newspapers. I learn that this 
news service, in accordance with the general arrangement of the management of 
Transocean in Berlin, is given to German newspapers in Canada for one dollar a 

I have no official objection against furnishing Transocean news service to Mr. 
Arcand or the newspaper mentioned, assuming, however, that the Consulate here 
remains out of this transaction and that the French language newspaper receives 
the news service in the same manner and under the same conditions as papers in 

I should be grateful for an early reply informing me also whether the concessions 
made to certain papers here can also be extended to this local French-Canadian 
newspaper. Mr. Arcand would be very much interested in receiving the reprints 
of the Transocean service in English or French language. 

The above letter is in many respects self-explanatory ; however atten- 
tion is directed first to the fact that the German consul deemed it of 
importance to have Transocean News Service given to the Fascists of 
Canada. It has been previously mentioned that after Canada entered 
the war, Adrien Arcand was placed in a concentration camp. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1262. 


[Exhibit No. 152 2] 

Paris, Sept. 27, 1938. 
M. Adrien Arcand, 

938 East Bd. Gouin, Montreal, Que. 

Dear Mr. Arcand: I believe that it will be useful for the purpose which you 
are pursuing, and for those which L'lllustration Nouvelle is pursuing, to suggest 
that you present yourself to the German Consel General in Montreal and to 
submit the following demands: 

(1) That they furnish you gratis the telegraphic and mail news service of 
D. N. B. (German News Bureau) for the purpose of your giving a big play to 
their news items in L'lllustration Nouvelle. 

(2) That they take notice that by doing this you are also serving the best 
interests of Canada, enthralled by Judiaism and menaced by Communism, as 
you describe. These dangerous germs which the German Fuehrer has resolved 
to erase pitilessly from this world. 

It is possible that through this devious channel you will be able to obtain infor- 
mation which the French news agencies, directed by the Jews, namely, Havas, 
Stern; Radio, Blum; Fournier, Bollack. do not, or only give in a distorted manner 
concerning events in France. There you will have — without of course showing 
the origin of your news service — first rate news and on certain days the reper- 
cussions ought to be enormous. Before long L'lllustration Nouvelle will be the 
sole organ of the big Canadian press which will put before the eyes of the leaders 
the true picture of France. Before long the big press will he forced to follow you 
in the path in which you are engaged now and the news agencies will be forced 
to change their tone and to modify their eflforts by putting an end to the suppresion 
of the truth. Believe me again, Mr. Arcand, yours etc. etc. 

(Signed) G. Borget. 

Exhibit No. 153 is a private letter from German Consul Dr. Eckner 
in Montreal to Mr. Blankenliorn, secretary of the German Embassy in 
Washington, dated November 23, 1938. 

[Exhibit No. 153 ^ 

Dear Mr. Blankenhorn: I thank you very much for your kind letter of 
November 15th in the Transocean aflfair, and I should also like to ask you to dis- 
cuss the following with Dr. Zapp as soon as he arrives in Washington. 

For official government reasons 1 should welcome it greatly if the local office of 
the North German Lloyd and Hamburg-American Line, 1178 Phillips Place, 
Montreal, would receive the Transocean news by mail at the special pi'eference 
price of $1.00 per month in the same manner in which it is done for the German 
Consulate in Montreal. I do not know whether this is possible under the sub- 
scription conditions. The steamship agency mentioned here is under the direction 
of Nazi Party Member Mueller-Hickler, who in the local organization of the German 
Nazi Party in Montreal holds the office as Director of the Film Section. Party 
member Mueller-Hickler has stated to me that he can count on a not inconsider- 
able propagandistic success if he is put into position to display publicly the 
Transocean news service in his office. In view of the unparalleled mean agitation 
which also here in Canada is also being conducted against anything German, I 
thoroughly support the views of Mr. Mueller-Nickler. I should be grateful if you 
would inform me whether there are any difficulties as regards the plan outlined 

In case your conversation with Zapp has already taken place, I am enclosing a 
copy of this letter and request that you transmit it with a few explanatory lines to 
Zapp in New York. 

With kind regards and 

Heil Hitler. 

(Signed) Eckner. 

Particular attention is directed to the statement in the above letter 
in which the German consul in Montreal refers to the supplying of 
Transocean News Service to the local office of the North German Lloyd 
and Hamburg- American Line; and further "the steamship agency 
mentioned here is under the direction of Nazi Party member, Mueller- 
Hickler, who is the local organizer of the German Nazi Party ia 
Montreal and holds the office of director of the film section. 

' For facsimile of original, see pp. 1262, 1263. 
3 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1264, 1265. 


Exhibit No. 154 is a coniniunication from the secretary of the Ger- 
man Embassy, under date of November 30, 1938, addressed to Dr. 
Zapp m New York City, wherein he submits copies of the two letters 
mentioned above. 

[Exhibit Ko. 154 <] 

take pleasure in sub- 
in Montreal, and 
..•ou can. 

\v"iil ' :\d regards and Hejl Hi^K^- 
- • ii-s 

'^Signed) SlaxkenHorn, 

Secretary of the Etnbassy, 

^Exhibit No. 155 is a letter signed by the German consul general in 
Montreal, dated February 7, 1939, addressed to Transocean News 
Service in New York City. 

[Exhibit No. 155 «] 

I have taken note of your letter of the 31st of Januar\-. 

As is known to j'ou from the exchange of corre.spondence between the German 
Consulate here and the Embassy in Washington, the local French Fascist leader, 
Adrien Arcand, is very much interested in receiving Transocean news regularly. 
Mr. Arcand has told me that the local Fascist organ, L'lllustration Nouvelle, 
well represents this German news without, of course, mentioning the source. 

In view of the general unfriendly attitude toward the German Reich of the 
newspapers appearing in English, the taking over of German news of a local 
newspaper can only be heartily welcomed. However, it is extremely doubtfui 
to me whether the newspaper mentioned above will be able to subscribe to Trans- 
ocean at a price of $25.00 a week. Before I again take up contact with Mr. 
Arcand in this matter I should appreciate advice as quickly as possible whether — 
and if so to what extent — in the present case a special price can be made. 

For official government reasons I should welcome it if the local office of the 
North German Lloyd and the Hamburg-American Line, 1178 Phillips Place, 
Montreal, could receive the Transocean news by airmail at the special price of 
one dollar per month in the same manner in which it is already being furnished 
to the German Consulate in Montreal. I do not know whether this is possible 
under the subscription conditions. The steamship agency mentioned here is 
under the direction of Nazi Party Member Mueller-Hickier, who in the local 
organization of the German Nazi Party in Montreal holds the office as Director 
of the Film Section. Party member Mueller-Hickier has stated to me that he 
can count on a not inconsiderable propagandistic success if he is put into the 
position to display publicity of the Transocean news service in his office. In 
view of the unparalleled mean agitation which also here in Canada is being con- 
ducted against anything German. I thoroughly support the views of Mr. Mueller- 
Hickier. I should be grateful if you would inform me whether there are any 
difficulties as regards the plan outlined above. 

The above letter is indicative of the attempts on the part of the 
German consul in Canada to aid in the dissemination propaganda 
throughout that country. 

Exhibit No. 156 is a communication from the German consul in 
Montreal to Transocean in New York, under date of March 21, 1939, 
in which the consul suggested that the Transocean News Service be 
furnished gratis to Adrian Arcand. 

[Exhibit No. 156 »J 

Referring to Zapp's letter to me of Feb. 15th. Mr. Arcand has visited the 
Consulate and has reported that he is receiving Transocean news service since a 
short time ago. In view of the fact that they arrive 24 hours too late the news 
can be used only in part. The newspaper, L'lllustration Nouvelle, so he says, is 

• For facsimile of original, see p. 1266 

• For fascimile of original, see pp. 1267, 1268. 

• For facsimile of original, see p. 1269. 


in financial difficulties; he states that the proprietor who is living in France is 
expected here shortly. 

For the time being the newspaper cannot even pay the price of $15 a month 
which you offer, and would be very grateful if you could continue to furnish the 
service gratis for a while. 

I suggest that presently you communicate directly with the editor of L'lllustra- 
tion Nouvelle, 1124 Marie Anne East, Montreal. 

(Signed) German Consul, 

Exhibit No. 157 is a communication which was taken from the files 
of Manfred Zapp. 

[Exhibit No. 157 ?] 

Dear Party Comrade: On Friday December 16 of this year at 8:00 in the 
evening our Christmas celebration will take place in the great hall of the New 
York Turnhalle, Lexington Avenue and 85th Street, New York City. This 
event is dedicated above all to the children. Because a little surprise is planned, 
I ask you to inform me immediately with the enclosed slip, how many children 
will attend the celebration. 

The program includes the showing of a German Fairy story film. The chorus 
from the steamer Columbus will treat us to musical offerings. Furthermore, a 
raffling of German products will take place. 

I certainly hope that you and your families will attend this celebration. Out 
of consideration for the attendance of children, the celebration must begin at 
8:00 exactly; I, therefore, expect punctual appearance. 
The price of admission is 40 cents. 

I ask you to show this invitation and your membership cards at the entrance 
of the hall. 
Heil Hitler! 

Dr. F. Draeger, 
Consul and District Leader of the 
Foreign Organization of the NSDAP. 
By H. VoGEL, 

Counselor Secretary. 

Attention is directed to the fact that the members of this organiza- 
tion are known as party comrades and further that the party com- 
rades are required to identify themselves as they enter the various 
meetings of the party. It will also be noted that Dr. Draeger signs 
himself as consul and district leader of the foreign organization of the 

Exhibit No. 158 is a communication addressed to Party Comrade 
Zapp by Dr. F. Draeger, under date of January 17, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 158 «] 

Dear Party Comrade: As I announced at our last comradely evening, the 
German Consulate General is arranging on Monday, January 30 of this year 
at 8:30 in the great hall of the New York Turnhalle, 85th Street, Corner Lexington 
Avenue, New York City, the celebration of the Day of the Seizing of Power. 
Alongside of musical offerings of the E. Rapsch Orchestra and a prologue by 
Party Comrade Hanns Muenz and my ceremonial address, the program includes 
the showing of the newest German films, among these the latest and never before 
shown here pictures of our Fuehrer and Reichs-Chancellor. 

Party Comrades are cordially invited to this event with their families and 
friends. Because in accordance with recent experience the entry cards will be 
■quickly bought up, I ask you to purchase the same for the price of 60 cents as 
quickly as possible at the following sales places: 

1) Deutsches Generalkonsulat, 17 Battery Place, New York, N. Y. 

2) Vg. Eugen Rieflin, p. Adr. Yorkville Kanzlei, 208 East 86. Strasse, New 

York, N. Y. 

3) Restaurant Hans Jaeger Lexington Ave. Ecke 85. Strasse, New York, 

N. Y. 
In so far as it should not be possible for you to buy your cards in advance at 
the above named places, I ask you to order those cards in writing with me, trans- 
mitting the necessary amount of money. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1270. 
' For facsimile of original, see p. 1271. 


It is the honorable duty of all Party Comrades to appear at the celebration 
of the Day of the Seizure of Power and to make propaganda for attendance at 
these meetings. 
Heil Hitler! 

Dr. F. Dkaeger, 
Consul and District Leader of the 
Foreign Organization of the A^SDAP. 

The concluding paragraph of the above-mentioned letter indicates 
one of the prime purposes of the organization. *'It is the honorable 
duty of all party comrades to appear at the celebration of the day of 
the seizure of power and to make propaganda for attendance at these 

Exhibit No. 159 is a communication from Dr. Draeger to Party 
Member Zapp, under date of February 3, 1939. 

(Exhibit No. 159 «] 

Dear Party Comrade: Our next comradely evening will take place on Friday, 
February 10, 1939 at 8:30 in the evening punctuallj' in the great hall of the New 
York Turnhalle, Lexington Avenue and 85th Street, New York City. 

Party Comrade Ernst Wiese, the writer and explorer, and member of the NS 
Motor Corps, who is on his way through New York, will give a lecture on this 
occasion on the subject "White Empire in the Black Continent" (Fascist Italy 
colonizes Ethiopia). In connection with his talk there will be shown a film which 
Party Comrade Wiese himself took in Ethiopia. As German journalist he was 
present at the entry of the Fascist Army and its work of pacification. Party 
Comrade Wiese has traveled through Ethiopia for six months on a motor cycle 
and in an airplane and studied thoroughly Italian colonization with the assistance 
of official agencies. 

The Italian Consul General in New York has promised to attend the com- 
radely evening together with his staff. 

Participation in the above event is the duty of Party Comrades. The families 
of the Party Comrades are also cordially invited. 

I ask you and members of your family to prove your identity at the entrance 
to the hall. 

Heil Hitler! 

Dr. F. Draeger, 
Consul and District Leader of the Foreign Organization of the NSDAP. 

It is significant that the foregoing exhibit indicates that the Italian 
Consul General in New York has promised to attend this meeting 
together with his staff. 

Exhibit No. 160 is another party communication from the district 
leader to Zapp, advising him of a meeting that was to take place 
March 9, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 160 ■<>] 

Dear Party Comrade : Our next comradely evening will take place on Thurs- 
day, March 9 of this year, punctually at 8:30 in the evening in the great hall of 
the New York Turnhalle, 85th Street, Corner Lexington Avenue, New York City. 
Party Comrade Heinz Thorner, attache at the German Consulate General, 
will speak on the subject "Our Hitler Youth". Party Comrade Thorner is 
Bannfuehrer in the staff of the Reich Youth Leader and is possessor of the Golden 
Badge of Honor of the Hitler Youth. In connection with his talk, two Hitler 
Youth films "Enemy Shores" and "Youth Learns its Home Country" will be 

At the agreeable get together which follows two Olympia-Simplex portable 
typewriters will be raffled. The proceeds of the raffle will go to welfare and other 

It is the duty of Party Comrades to attend this comradely evening. 

Members of the family, particularly the older boys and daughters of the Party 
Comrades are cordially invited to this occasion. 

» For facsimile of original, see p. 1272. 
>" For facsimile of original, see p. 1273. 


I ask you and members of your family to prove your identity at the entrace to 
the hall. 
Heil Hitler! 

Dr. F. Draeger, 
Consul and District Leader of the Foreign Organization of the A^SDAP. 

It will be noted that in all of these party communications, the party 
member is required to identify himself as he enters the hall for the 

Exhibit No. 161 is a party communication to Zapp, under date of 
April 12, 1939, requiring Zapp's attendance at a meeting celebrating 
the birthday of "Our Fuehrer" and Reichs-Chancellor, Adolf Hitler. 

[Exhibit No. 161 "] 

Dear Party Comrade: On Tuesday, April 20 of this year, at 8:30 in the 
evening punctually, we will celebrate the birthday of our Fuehrer and Reichs- 
chancellor, Adolf Hitler, who on this day completes his fiftieth year, in the great 
hall of the New York Turnhalle, Lexington Avenue, Corner of 85th Street, New 
York City. 

Among other things, the program includes the showing of the latest German 
films. Among these are the latest pictures of the Fuehrer as well as pictures of 
the days of liberation of Memelland. The program will conclude with a com- 
radely getting together with dance. 

Party comrades are most cordially invited with the members of their families. 
In this connection, I express the expectation that all party comrades will make an 
appearance on April 20. 

I ask that you and members of your families prove yo.ur identity at the entrance 
to the hall. 

Heil Hitler! 

Dr. F. Draeger, 
Consul and District Leader of the Foreign Organization of the NSDAP. 

Exhibit No. 162 is a party communication to Zapp from Dr. 
Draeger, under date of April 22, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 162 "l 

Dear Party Comrade: On Monday, May 1, 1939 at 8:30 the ceremonial 
festivities of the Consulate General on the occasion of the German national holi- 
day will take place in the great hall of the New York Turnhalle, 85th Street and 
Lexington Avenue, New York City. 

The program includes among other things an address by Party Comrade 
Consul General Dr. Borchers, a prologue by Party Comrade Hanns Muenz, as 
well as the showing of newly arrived German films. 

The ceremony on May 1 must be arranged just as successfully as our observ- 
ance of the Fuehrer's birthday! 1, therefore, give expression to the expectation 
that all Party Comrades with members of their families will attend the ceremony 
and will make propaganda for attendance of the event among their acquaintances 
and friends. 

Because, in accordance with experience, the tickets will quickly be bought up, 
I ask you to obtain these tickets as soon as possible at the price of 60 cents each 
at the Consulate General or at the following places of sale: 

Vg. Eugen Rieflin, p. Adr. Yorkville Kanzlei, 208 East 86. Strasse, New 
York, N. Y. 

Restaurant Hans Jaeger, 85. Strasse & Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. 

Heil Hitler! 

Dr. F. Draeger, 

Consul and District Leader of the Foreign Organization of the NSDAP. 

!• For facsimile of original, see p. 1274. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1275. 


From the above communication it is evident that Consul General 
Dr. Borchers is likewise a party comrade. 

Exhibit No. 163 is a communication from Zapp to Dr. Draeger, 
under date of January 14, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 163 "] 

Consul Dr. F. Draeger, 

German Consulate General, 

17 Battery Place, New York, New York. 

Dear Party Affiliate Dr. Draeger: I regret that I Avas unable to be present 
at the Kameradshaft (Kamerad association) evening yesterday (Pringle pot 
dinner), because I returned from Germany on the "Hansa" only yesterday 
evening and did not receive your invitation until early today. Please excuse my 

Heil Hitler. 

Manfred Zapp. 

This exhibit shows that party members, when they are unable to 
comply with instructions to attend a meeting, must make proper 
excuses to Dr. Draeger. 

Exhibit No. 164 is a Party communication from Dr. Draeger to 
party member Zapp, under date of April 22, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 164 '«] 

Dear Party Member Z.\pp: I herewith confirm receipt of }'ovu' letter of 
April 21 addressed to Party Member Vogel. The $10 which you enclosed, and 
for which I wish to thank you very much, I regard as a sacrifice donation from 
yourself and Part}' Member Guenther Tonn, and I have transmitted them to 
our cash fund. 

In order to exclude once and for all any error, I want to emphasize most strongly 
once more that I have not myself calculated the costs of the Hitler Birthday 
Celebration of April 20th — that is, the manner in which you were pleased to 
express yourself — but that — as I already explained to you in detail on the tele- 
phone—was just a little misunderstanding. 

The Party expects that all rightminded Party Members in good circumstances 
occasionally make special financial contributions. Such a contribution you 
have— as I was able to state with pleasure — made by parting with the above 
sum here in New York. 

Heil Hitler 

Dr. F. Draeger, 
Consul and District Leader of the Foreign Division of the National Socialist Party. 

The above communication definitely indicates that Guenther 
Tonn, Zapp's assistant, is also a party member and further that all 
party members are required to make special financial contributions 
to the party. 

Exhibit No. 165 is a party communication from Draeger to Zapp, 
under date of June 12, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 165 »] 

Dear Party Comrade: On Thursday, June 29 of this year, the members of 
the Reich German Association together with Party Comrades and their families 
are arranging a Hudson boat trip. The steamer leaves Pier 1 Battery Place, 
New York (right next to the Pier of the Department of Docks) punctually at 8:00 
in the evening and returns, without making any stops on the waj', at 1:00 from 
the point of departure. The expedition which takes place in connection with a 
comradely getting together, goes to Nyack, New York, and back. 

Herewith I wish to add that dance music will be provided by the Paucke 
Orchestra and the eats and drinks will be furnished by a German restaurant at 
the same price as on land. 

13 For facsimile of original, see p. 1276. 
'< For facsimile of original, see p. 1277. 
'• For facsimile of original, see p. 1278. 



Participants' cards for the price of 75 cents each raaj' be had in advance from 
Party Comrade Fritz Zeglin at the Consulate General, 17 Battery Place, New 
York City (Room 1943). Because the cards will probably be quickly bought up, 
I request you as soon as possible to avail yourselves of the chance of buying them 
in advance. 
Heil Hitler! 

Dr. F. Draeger, 
Consul and District Leader of the Foreign Organization of the NSDAP. 

Exhibit No. 166 is a party communication from Draeger to Party 
Member Zapp, mider date oi June 29, 1939. In this communication 
Zapp was advised that a group of nine German journaHsts were on 
their way to Germany after a journey to Japan, Manchuria, and 
North China to be present at the meeting. 

[Exhibit No. 166 18] 

Dear Party Comrade: Before the beginning of the long summer vacation a 
concluding evening of comradeship will be held on July 6 of this year punctually 
at 8:30 in the great hall of the New York Turnhalle, Lexington Avenue, Corner 
85th Street, New York City, which will take place in connection with a visit of 
leading German journalists. A group of nine German journalists, who are on 
their way home towards Germany after a journey to Japan, Manchuria, and 
North China, will attend our meeting. Two of their members will make speeches: 

SA-Sturmbannfuehrer Party Comrade Carl Cranz, Editor of the Voelkischen 
Beobachter, Berlin, will talk on the subject: 

"The German Press Delegation in Japan"; 

Gauamtsleiter of the NSDAP Party Comrade Consul Dr. Peter Winkelnkemper, 
Editor of the Wesideutschen Beobachter will speak on the subject: 

"National Socialism — Press- — Foreign Policy." 

In connection with the talks by Party Comrades Cranz and Dr. Winkelnkemper, 
a news reel will be shown which portraj's the latest historical happenings in the 
Third Reich. 

It is the duty of Party Comrades to attend this evening of comradeship. The 
families of the Party Comrades are most cordially invited. 

I ask you and vour families to prove your identity at the entrace to the hall, 

Heil Hitler. 

Dr. F. Draeger. 
Consul and District Leader of the Foreign 

Organization of the A^SDAP. 

Exhibit No. 167, a communication from Zapp to Dr. Draeger, under 
date of July 1, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 167 "] 

Dear Dr. Draeger: Your secretary, Miss Koch, asked me for information 
concerning Mr. Hasso von Bismarck. 

I came to know Mr. von Bismarck some years ago in the Karl Schurtz Associa- 
tion through Pg. Wissmann of the Propaganda Ministry, and since then I have 
met him frequently. I can certify that in the eight months I have known him he 
has been thoroughly pro-German and that he is reliable. He has not been 
afflicted by America where he lived from 1926-1935 and from 1938 to the present. 
I had frequent occasion to travel to Washington with him and was able on such 
occasions to appreciate his kameradly conduct. Like all good Germans abroad 
Bismarck is thoroughly Nazi, (national socialistic) 

I hope that this information is satisfactory and I stand ready to answer any 
further inquiry you may care to make, 

Heil Hitler. 

From the foregoing, it appears that Zapp in addressing this com- 
munication did not refer to Dr. Draeger as a Consul but rather as the 
party leader. Here again we have Zapp also in the position of acting 
as an informer for the head of his Party. 

" For facsimile of original, see p. 1279. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1280. 


Exliibit No. 168 is a communication to Zapp from a person signed 
Geier, under date of July 13, 1939. The communication itself is a 
receipt for $2 for the purchase of one Reich Nazi Party convention 
stamp, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 168 i'] 

For your contribution of $2.00 transmitted, I send you herewith one Reich 
Partv Convention stamp for 1939. 
Heil Hitler. 


Exhibit No. 169 is a communication addressed to Nazi Party 
Member Zapp, under date of June 29, 1939, and signed by Geier, 
requesting Zapp to pay special assessment to the party. 

[E.xhibit No. 169 '«] 

Dear Party Member Zapp: For accounting reasons you are requested to pay 
this year's special assessment for the Nazi Party Convention in Nuremburg 
amounting to one full monthly dues amount no later than July 20, 1939. 

Exhibit No. 170 is a communication dated October 28, 1939, from 
Dr. Draeger to Zapp, advising him of a meeting of the party. It is 
significant that all entrance cards to this meeting had to be obtained 
from Party Comrade Counselor Secretary Vogel, of the New York 

[Exhibit No. 170 w] 

Dear Party Comrade: On Thursday, November 9 of this year, at 8:30 in the 
evening, the ceremony on the occasion of the Memorial Day for the Fallen of the 
Movement will take place in the great hall of the New York Turnhalle, 85th 
Street and Lexington Avenue. 

Alongside of musical offering.? by the Ernst Paucke Orchestra, the program 
includes "Heilig Vaterland" spoken and sung by a group of Party Comrades under 
the leadership of Party Comrade Hanns Muenz, together with my speech and a 
showing of the great German Avar film "Pour le Merite" and another German film. 

The money cleared from this patriotic program will go to the benefit of our 
racial comrades here who have fallen into need. It is the honorable duty of all our 
Party Comrades and their families to attend the Party Memorial Day on Novem- 
ber 9 of this year. 

Entrance cards for the price of 75 cents may be had in advance from Party 
Comrade Counselor Vogel at the Consulate General, 17 Battery Place, New 
York City. 

I ask you most urgently to get your entrance cards immediately from Party 
Comrade Counselor Secretary Vogel and either order them by telephone or in 
writing transmitting at the same time the necessarj- sum of monev. 

Heil Hitler. 

Dr. F. Draeger, 
Consul and District Leader. 

Exliibit No. 17 1 is a Party communication to Zapp from Dr. Draeger. 
under date of December 29, 1939, advising Zapp that as a member of 
the Nazi Party he should make every effort to provide quarters for 
the crew members of the German steamship "Columbus." The 
steamship in question was scuttled and the crew taken to Ellis Island. 

[Exhibit No. 171 si] 
Very Urgent! 

Dear Party Member: It is intended to have all the crew members of the 
"Columbus" released from Ellis Island in private quarters, and advice is requested 
immediately, by telephone or writing, each German who wants to take into their 
homes these men, because it is necessary to find them accommodations." 

'8 For facsirnile of original, see p. 12S0. 
" For facsimile of original, see p. 1281. 
"> For faesimile of original, see p. 1281. 
^ For facsimile of original, see p. 1182. 


Exhibit No. 172 is a communication from Dr. Draeger to Party- 
Member Zapp, under date of January 3, 1940, in which he thanked 
Zapp for sending $5 for the benefit of the crew of the steamship 

[Exhibit No. 172 «] 

Dear Party-associate (Member) Dr. Zapp: Herewith I approve with hearty 
thanks your expenditure to the extent of $5.00, for the benefit of the stranded 
crew of the Steamship Columbus. 
With German Greetings. 
Heil Hitler. 

Dr. F. Draeger (Consul). 
To Dr. Manfred Zapp, 

Gladstone Hotel, 114 E. 52nd Street, New York City 

Exhibit No. 173 is a communication from one Halfekl to Zapp in 
New York, under date of April 29, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 173 «] 

Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp, 
Transocean News Service, 

341 Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
Dear Zapp: Confirming your letter of the 25th of this month, I inform you 
that I have sent on a copy of your letter with the enclosure to Berlin. With 
respect thereto I have written a short letter, a copy of which is attached. 
With best greetings and Heil Hitler! 

Leader of the Foreign Bureau, 
New York, in the German Press Association. 
1 Enclosure 

In a previous exhibit Halfeld was identified as the confidential agent 
of a German Reich publication in New York. The above communica- 
tion indicates that Halfeld sent a report to Berlin concerning certain 
activities of Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 174 is a copy of a communication mentioned in exhibit 
No. 173, namely, the report that Halfeld made to the Reich Associa- 
tion of the German Press in Berlin. 

[Exhibit No. 174 '*] 

The Reich Association of the German Press, 

Head Office, Berlin W 35, Tiergartenstrasse 16. 

On April 8 there appeared in Neivs Week a report to the effect that Herr Dr. 
Manfred Zapp had requested admittance to the Association of Foreign Press 
Correspondents, which however had been denied him. In as much as Dr. Zapp 
was sojourning in Chicago at the time the news appeared I had to wait for his 
return before I could clarify the affair. 

I was immediately convinced that the report could not be true because Herr 
Dr. Zapp would surely have brought it to my notice if he had the intention of 
joining the Association. It eventuated in fact that the report of News Week was 
one of those typical lies which we Germans are now exposed to more than ever in 
the agitational press. 

Herr Dr. Zapp has under date of April 25 written a brief at my invitation of 
which I enclose a copJ^ You will also find attached a copy of a communication 
of the Association of Foreign Press Correspondents to News Week concerning 
which Dr. Zapp writes in his letter. 

" For facsimile of original, see page 1283, 1284 

23 For facsimile of original, see p. 1285. 

" For facsimile of original, see p. 1286, 1287. 


The affair is thus completely cleared up. I anticipated your agreement and put 
at the disposal of Herr Zapp a copv of this letter. 
Heil Hitler! 

Copy for Herr Dr. Zapp. 

It is interesting to observe according to the foregoing letter that 
Zapp was required to report certain of his activities to Halfeld. This 
letter indicates that Zapp is not only under the disciplinary measures 
of liis superiors in Transocean news in Berlin, but is bound to report 
his activities to the confidential agents of the Reich Association in 
New York, and that Halfeld in turn must report immediately to 
Berlin the activities of all the newspapers which come under his 


Investigations were conducted into the affairs of the German 
Library of Information, 17 Battery Place, New York City. The 
German Library of Information had its inception in May 1936, and 
from that date until September 1939 the library was considered to 
be a part of the German consulate general's office in New York. 
The ostensible purpose for which the library was created by the 
German Government in this country was for the dissemmation of 
pertinent information concerning art, literature, science, medicine, 
and other cultm*al achievements of Germany. At the present time 
the library is under the direction of Dr. Matthias Schmitz, who 
succeeded Heinz Beller. From the time of its inception up until 
August 1940, the library has expended $341,694. This money was 
expended for the purpose of dissemmating throughout the United 
States various publications of the library. A hst of these publications 
is as follows: 

[Exhibit No. 175 i] 

(1) "Facts in Review", a weekly bulletin. Vol. I. 1939 No. 1.— 18. Vol If. 
1940 No. 1.— 35. 

(2) Facts and Figures about Germany. Reprinted from Americana Annual 
for 1939. 

(3) Exchange of Communications between the President of the United States 
and the Chancellor of the German Reich, April 1939. Issued May 1939. 

(4) German White Book. Documents Concerning the Last Phase of the 
German-Polish Crisis. September 1939. 

(5) GeriTian Christmas Carols and Christmas Toys. Christmas 1939. 

(6) Polish Acts of Atrocity against the German Minority in Poland. April 

(7) Pictorial Report of Polish Atrocities. April 1940. 

(8) German White Book, Documents on the Event.s preceding the Outbreak 
of the War. July 1940. 

(9) German White Book. Britain's Designs on Norway. August 1940. 

With regard to the expenditure of the above-stated amount, it 
should be noticed that from the outbi-eak of the present war in Europe, 
there has been a sharp increase in expenditures. For the period from 
May 1936 to August 1939 the library's expenditures were $63,300. 
For the period from September 1939 to March 1940, which period 
begins at the outbreak of the war, the library spent $89,000 in 7 
months. For the period from April 1940 to August 1940, a period of 
5 months, the Hbrary spent $189,394. 

The library has built up a mailing list of 70,000 people throughout 
the United States. The committee has in its possession a copy of the 
entire mailing list, which was supplied by Dr. Matthias Schmitz. 

At the time the investigation was made into the affairs of the library, 
Mr. Hurley requested of Dr. Schmitz the opportunity to examine the 
financial records of the library. Dr. Schmitz advised that the library 
kept only records which would disclose the financial transactions of a 
period of a few months and explained that the financial affairs of the 
hbrary were carried on wholly by the German consul in New York. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 288. 



In answer to further inquiries, he stated that when it became necessary 
to pay bills for printing, salaries, and other expenses, he merely sub- 
mitted the bill to the German consul and he was immediately given the 
necessary cash to pay the bills. He further stated that the library 
itself kept no bank account and that all records of the library's finan- 
cial transactions for previous years were no doubt m Germany. In- 
vestigators suggested that this matter be taken up with the German 
consul in order that the committee might be apprised of the amounts 
of money spent by the library during Dr. Schmitz' directorship. It 
should be noted at this point that a subpena duces tecum was served 
upon Dr. Schmitz as director of the library for this information. 

Dr. Schmitz advised the representatives of the committee a few days 
after he had been served with the subpena that he had compiled a 
rather thorough report on the affairs of the library and would bo glad 
to submit it to the committee. He stated that it had been necessary 
to take the matter up with the German Embassy in Washington, but 
that he had obtained as complete information as was possible under 
the circumstances. The following is the statement of personnel and 
expenditures of the German Library of Information. 

[Exhibit No. 176 2] 

Statement of Personnel and Expenditures of the German Library of 


I herewith submit to the Dies Congressional Committee a statement of the 
expenses and disbursements of the German Library of Information from the date 
of its inception and covering the periods from — 

May 1936-Sept. 1939 (Schedule "1") 
Sept. 1939-March 1940 (Schedule "2") 
April 1940-Aug. 1940 (Schedule "3") 

It is not possible for me to determine the exact amount of the Library's expenses 
and disbursements covering the first of these three periods, due to the fact that 
from its inception in May 1936 until September 1939 the German Library of 
Information constituted a part of the German Consulate-General in New York 
and its accounts were therefore kept in the books of that office. 

It is therefore only possible to give an approximate estimate of the amounts 
disbursed during this period. 


During the period covered in Schedule "2" (September 1939-March 1940), the 
German Library of Information as a separate entity, distinct from the German 
Consulate-General, kept its own books. At the end of the Fiscal year (March 3J , 
1940), these books, as is customary, were returned to Berlin. For this reason it 
was necessary to estimate these expenses too. This has been done as nearly as 
possible (Schedule "2"). 

Shortly before the outbreak of the present war, the influx of questions and 
inquiries for information regarding Germany and affairs in that country made it 
appear advisable to respond to these requests with the publication of a periodical. 
This took the form of the Library's weekly bulletin "Facts in Review," which at 
that time contained only four pages. 

At the same time, postal difficulties resulting from British interference with 
the mails made it virtually impossible to obtain in the United States books and 
documents which had formerly come from Europe, and it became necessary to 
print White Books and similar documentary material in this country. As an 
examination of Schedule "2" wiU disclose, the additional expense contained therein 
(as compared with Schedule "1") can be directly traced — 
(a) to the publication of "Facts in Review," 
(6) to the publication of White Books, 
. (c) to the increasing volume of oral and written inquiries. 

' Original not reproduced. 



Expenses for the period from April 1940-August 1940 are contained in Schedule 
"3." It will be noticed that the increase in circulation of "Facts in Review" to 
its present figure, in the number of its pages, and in the personnel required for 
editorial and mailing offices account for the increase in expenditures for the 
months shown as against the previous schedules. 

Following is a resume of the Library's departments and employees as well as 
their functions: 

I. Central Department: 

Heinz Beller, Director (now on leave of absence). 

Dr. Matthias Schmitz, Director. 

Mr. C. G. Kropp, Assistant to the Director and in charge of personnel. 

Miss E. Mickinn, Secretary. 

Mr. J. Majewski, Junior Clerk. 

Miss H. Wenzel, in charge of telephone. 

The Central Department, as indicated by its name, is the department where 
all threads of the library combine as the governing body. 

II. Research Department and Library: 

Mr. R. M. Sommer, Head of Department, 
Mr. K. Mottet, Assistant. 
Miss R. E. Buchler, Librarian. 
Miss H. Androsch, Secretary. 

This Department deals with all inquiries on subjects relating to Germany, 
whether these inquiries be made by visitors, over the telephone, or through 
letters — 

(1) by direct information, 

(2) recommending of reference books, 

(3) procuring of books or reference to other American or German libraries, 

(4) if necessary forwarding of inquiries to German research and science 


routine library work, registration, classification, fihng of magazines and news- 
papers, mterlibrary exchange as well as restricted circulation. The books con- 
tained in the library deal primarily with German subjects. 

III. Archives: 

Mr. H. Schueler, in charge of text- and picture archives. 
Mr. H. Muenz, in charge of sound library and slide collections. 
Mr. J. Rehm, Assistant. 
Miss Ch. Winder, Secretary. 
To make available for the American public the most-up-to-date source of 
information on Germany, the archives contain: 

(1) complete sets of German News Service bulletins, 

(2) official reports, 

(3) German laws and regulations, 

(4) statistical material etc. as taken from news services, newspapers and 

The picture archive comprises press photographs which may be borrowed free 
of charge for use in newspapers, periodicals, other publications, exhibitions etc. 
The collection of lantern slides and recordings (sound library) are to help in 
preparing of educational lectures on Germany and German alTairs and serve as 
references as well. 

IV. Mailing Department: 

Mr. W. A. Graff, Head of Department and in charge of stores, purchasing 

and statistics. 
Miss E. Schuster, Stenographer. 
Mr. F. Ott, in charge of special group file. 
Miss M. Meier, Assistant in this subdepartment. 
Miss Ch. Kuehnerich, employed making addressograph plates. 
Mr. W. Heinemann, in charge of servicing addressograph plate filing cabinets.. 
Mr. O. Penzler, Assistant and in spare time aiding in addressing. 
Mr. R. Fischer, addressograph machines. 
Mr. F. Zimmer, addressograph machines. 

Mr. K. Mueller, packing, mailing, and in charge of store room. 
Mr. P. Fiebig, Assistant and in spare time aiding in addressing. 

274778 — 40— pt. 2 6 


All addressing of envelopes for regular mailing of Facts in Review as well as of 
special mailings is being handled in this department; dispatch of letters and 
parcels of books, records, slides etc. is also handled here. 

V. Correspondence Department: 

Mr. H. Rohrer, Head of Department. 

Mrs. Esen, Mrs. Oswald, Miss Koerner, and Miss Berger, Stenographers. 

VI. Book-Keeping Department: 

Mr. K. Disse. The department handles all book-keeping and payments. 

VII. Editorial Department: 

Mr. H. Schafhausen and Mr. A. Romain, Editors. 
Mr. O. Lenz, Clerk. 
Miss A. AUes, Secretary-. 
The editorial staff edits and prepares the weekly publication Facts in Review 
and assists in the preparation of all other publications of the library. 

Mr. George Sylvester Viereck is under contract for special editorial work and 
literary advice in connection with all publications. 

New York, September S, 1940. 
Schedule No. 1. — Approximate expenditures from May 1, 1936, to Aug. 31, 1939 

(1) Salaries: May 1, 1936-August 31, 1939 $25,000 

(2) Publication: "Exchange of Commvuiicatious between the President 

of the United States and the Chancellor of the German Reich, 

April 1939", published May 1939 18, 000 

"Facts and Figures about Germany", reprinted from the Americana 

Annual 1938, printing, mailing 300 

(3) Miscellaneous Expenses: Rent, Light, Newspapers, Books, Office 

Supplies, Customs Dutv, J'urniture, Stationery, Postage, Pettv 

Cash : '. 20,000 

Total $63,300 

Schedule No. 2. — Approximate expenditures from Sept. 1, 1939 to Mar. 31, 1940 

(1) Salaries: September 1-March 31, 1940 $22,000 

(2) "Facts in Review": Editing, translating, rewriting, engravings, 

printing, binding, mailing, postage, envelopes 40, 000 

(3) Publications: 

"German Carols and Christmas Toys", published December 

1939^ — Editing, degraving, printing, binding, mailing, postage- 3, 000 

"German White Book No. I", published September 1939: Edit- 
ing, translating, rewTiting, engraving, printing, binding, mail- 
ing 9,000 

(4) Miscellaneous Expenses: 

Rent, Light, Books, Newspapers, Magazines, Offices Supplies, 
Stationery, Furniture, Duty, Postage, Literary Adviser, Re- 
cordings, Petty Cash 15, 000 

Total $89,000 

Schedule No. 3. — Expenses from Apr. 1 to Aug. SO, 1940 

(1) Salaries $24,908.70 

(2) "Facts in Review" 

Printing $47, 213. 93 

Postage & Mailing 19, 165. 03 

— — 66, 378. 96 

(3) Various Publications: 

Poland Book $52, 732. 84 

White Book II 15, 769. 10 

White Book IV 9, 347. 61 

White Book VI 273. 14 

78, 122. 69 

(4) Miscellaneous Expenses 19, 983. 84 

Total $189, 394. 19 


Salaries from Apr. 1 to Aug. 30, 1940 







Mr. Kropp. 

.$250. 00 

190. 00 

158. 00 

150. 00 


160. 00 



120. 00 

226. 50 


100. 00 



$300. 00 
175. 00 
150. 00 
135. 00 
135. 00 
135. 00 
133. 50 


123. 50 



$300. 00 

190. 00 

158. 00 

175. 00 

150. 00 

150. 00 


135. 00 


135. 00 





104. 20 






$300. 00 
160. 00 
165. 00 
135. 00 
135. 00 

150. 00 


$350. 00 
ifio no 

Mr. Romain .... .... 

Mr. Muenz 

Mr. Graff . 

175 00 

Mr. Rohrer 

165 00 

Mrs. Esen . . . .. 

180 nn 

Miss Winder _ 

135. 00 
135' 00 

Mr. Heinemann 

Mr. Mueller ... 

Miss Alles, including ballance of March salary 

Miss Koerner 

Mr. Ott 


Mr. Groebener 

Miss Berber 

120 00 

Mrs. Oswald 

125 00 

135. 00 

Mr. Gaupp . 

Mr. Sehafhausen _ 

65 00 

Miss Schick.. 

Miss Meier... 




100. 00 

150. 00 

135. 00 
150. 00 

135. 00 
135. 00 



100 00 

Mr. Penzler 

Mr. Munzinger 

Miss Androsch.. ... 


104. 20 

125 00 

Miss Schuster 

103 00 

Mr. H. Schmitz 

1.50 00 

Mr. Lenz 

120 00 

Mr. Zimmer ... 

100. 00 
100. 00 




115. 00 
120. 00 
130. 00 

135 00 

Mr. Disse . ... 

80 00 

Mr. Majewski 

Miss Wenzel .. 

135 00 

Mr. Schueler 

135 00 

Mr. Mottet 

135 00 

Mr. Liesegang . .. 

140 no 

Mr. Leveloh 

Mr. Poehle... 

36 00 

Mr. Sommer 

200. 00 
150. 00 
150. 00 

150. 00 

112. 10 
190. 00 

210 00 

Mr. Rehm 

150 00 

Miss V. Megen 

Expense Account, Dr. Schmitz 

500. 00 


iiin nn 

Director Dr. Schmitz 

.'inn nn 

Miss Mickinn 

190 00 

Mrs. Buchler 

190. 00 


$4, 077. 50 




5, 397. 20 

5, 599. Oft 

Facts in Review 

Expenditures from April to Aug. 1940 








$5, 129. 63 
6, 671. 74 

12, 149. 00 
9, 440. 05 

13, 823. 51 

$47, 213. 93 


$2, 462. 92 
3, 227. 46 
2, 823. 55 
6, 029. 47 


Expenditures until Aug. 30, 1940 for the German White Book No. II, "Documents 
on the Events Preceding the Outbreak of the War" 

(a) Expenses incurred in preparation of the above publication for 

printing $1,005. 10 

(b) Printing Costs 11,500. 00 

(c) Mailing and wrapping charges 3, 264. 00 

Total $15,769. 10 


Expenses concerning "Poland" book 

(a) Postage and forwarding charges $19,328. 16 

(b) Printing costs 33,361. 13 

(c) Miscellaneous 43. 55 

$52, 732. 84 

Expenditures until Aug. 30, 1940, for the German White Book iVo. IV, "Britain's 

Designs on Norway" 

(a) Expenses incurred in preparation of the above publication for 

printing $1, 000. 75 

(6) Printing costs 7, 000. 00 

(c) Mailing and wrapping charges 1, 346. 86 

Total $9,347. 61 

Expenditures until Aug. 30, 1940, for the German White Book Xo. VI {in prepara- 
tion), "French Papers" 

Expenses incurred to date in preparing the above publication for printing. $273. 14 

Miscellaneous expenses 

Rent, books, office supplies, postage, forwarding charges, customs 
dut}', films and gramophone records, furniture, literary advisor, 
travelling expenses, petty cash: 

April $2, 278. 82 

May 3, 152. 72 

June 3, 324. 02 

July fi, 233. 00 

August 4,995. 28 

Total $19,983. 84 

The principal publication of the German Library of Information is 
the pamphlet, Facts in Review. This is the publication that is 
disseminated weekly to 70,000 people throughout the United States, 
A complete set of Facts in Review is in the possession of the com- 
mittee. A review of this publication will illustrate that it is replete 
with Nazi propaganda. 

One of the writers for Facts in Review is a person previously 
mentioned in the report, George Sylvester Viereck. A copy of the 
contract between Viereck and the German Library of Information is 
given below. 

[Exhibit No. 177 '] 

George Sylvester Viereck 

305 Riverside Drive, New York 

September 27, 1939. 
Dr. Heinz Beller, 

German Library of Information, 

17 Battery Place, New York City. 
Dear Dr. Beller: In accordance with your request I herewith confirm our 
verbal agreement: 

(1"; I agree to prepare for "Facts in Review" digests of such material as you 
place at my disposal from time to time. 

(2) I shall be glad to prepare such articles interpreting the German point of 
view based on data furnished by you, as we maj' from time to time agree upon. 

(3) I shall hold myself in readiness for editorial consultations with you at mu- 
tually convenient times. 

(4J My compensation will be $500. — ., payable monthly in advance. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1289. 


(5) This arrangement may be cancelled by either party on three months' notice. 

(6) In the, I trust, remote contingency of a break between the United States 
and Germany, we are both automatically released from any obligation flowing 
from this agreement. 

It is also understood, in accordance with your wishes as well as mine, that I 
shall not be asked to prepare or edit any matter derogatory to the United States, 
or to undertake any editorial assignment which could possibly conflict with 
American laws and my duties as an American citizen. I welcome cooperation 
with you, because I can think of no more important task from the point of view 
of fair play and the maintenance of peace between your country and mine than 
to present to the American jDublic a picture unblurred by anti-German propa- 
ganda of the great conflict now unhappily waging in Europe. 

Believe me, 

Sincerely yours, 

(signed) George Sylvester Viereck. 


(signed) Heinz Beller. 

The investigation of the Transocean News Service discloses that 
on many occasions it lias acted as the intermediary of information 
between Berlin and the German Library. 

Exhibit No. 178 is a copy of a letter, dated December 12, 1939, 
from Manfred Zapp to Robert J. Folsom in Massachusetts. 

[Exhibit No. 178 <] 

Dear Sir: I acknowledge your letter of December, 10. As per request I am 
sending you the wanted material with regards to the official Gertnan reply to the 
British Blue Book. 

In order to get more detailed material I advise you to get in touch with the 
German Library of Information, 17 Battery Place, New York City. 
Yours very truly, 

Manfred Zapp. 

Exhibit No. 179 is a cable from Zapp in New York to Berlin, under 
date of May 24, 1940, requesting information for the German Library. 

[Exhibit No. 179 5] 

(138) May 24. 

German Library of Information requests Gayda article appearing in the May 
issue of the magazine quote Berlin Rome Toyko unquote under the title "Italy 
under Arms" Request transmission. 

Exhibit No. 180 is a cable of June 13, 1940, from Zapp in New York 
to Berlin, also requesting further information for the German Library. 

[Exhibit No. 180 6] 
[Cable of June 13, 1040] 

German Library of Information requests article from the magazine quote 
Berlin Rome Toyko unquote under the title quote A Year of Honor unquote in 
which excerpts are contained of Ribbentrop's speech in an Italian City. 

Exhibit No. 181 is a cable from Berlin to Zapp in New York, ad- 
vising that information for the German Library of Information will 
be transmitted at a set time. 

[Exhibit No. 181 ?] 

On Friday morning we will transmit at 0.515 Greenwich Mean Time an English 
interview of Boemer for quote Facts in Review unquote. 

* For facsimile of original, see page 1290. 
' For facsimile of original, see page 1290. 
8 For facsimile of original, see page 1291. 
' For facsimile of original, see page 1291. 


It should be noted that the results of this mterview did actually 
appear later in Facts in Review. 

Exliibit No. 182 is a letter from Dr. Schniitz, under date of June 
29, 1940, to Transocean News Service in New York confirming 
receipt of the information that had been received. 

[Exhibit No. 182 »] 

We confirm the receipt of the original text of the interview of Dr. Karl Boemer» 
Heil Hitler. 

Exhibit No. 183 is a letter from an employee of the German Li- 
brary of Information to an employee of Transocean News Service 
requesting excerpts from the Fifth German White Book. This 
publication was disseminated by the German Library of Information 
throughout the United States. 

[Exhibit No. 183«] 

.July 2, 1940. 
Herrn Ernst Kotz, 

Transocean News, 341 Madison Ave., 

New York, N. Y. 

Dear Mr. Kotz: Confirming our telephone conversation of today, I request 
that you transmit to the German Library of Information excerpts from the 
Fifth German White Book in English, which has just been published. As we 
just have been advised by an official government source, the reproduction of an 
article in the monthly magazine "Berlin-Rome-Tokyo" has been wirelessed via 
Transocean. I would be grateful if you would transmit the English text of this 

article also. 

Alfred Romain. 

Exhibit No. 184 is a communication from Sui Lehwald, secretary 
to Dr. Zapp, in which she transmitted to Dr. Schmitz at the German 
Library, the original of the German White Book No. 6, as Transocean 
received it from Berlin. 

[Exhibit No. 184 lO] 

Referring to our telephone conversation of today, I take the liberty of trans- 
mitting enclosed the English original of the German White Book No. 6 just as 
we have received it from Berlin. 

At the same time, at the request of Dr. Zapp I add a radiogram concerning 
the reception of the fuehrer in Berlin on Jime 7th, 1940, in case you wish to use it. 

With the German salute 

(Signed) Siri Lehwald. 

Exhibit No. 185 is a communication from Dr. Sclunitz at the 
German Library of Information to Zapp, in which Schmitz thanked 
Zapp for a copy of the speech that Zapp made, entitled "Position of 
the Individual in Germany." 

[Exhibit No. 185 •'] 

Many cordial thanks for the copy of your speech "Position of the Individual in 
Germanv", which undoubtedlv will be of great value for our work here. 
Heil Hitler. 

Investigation discloses that the entire personnel of the German 
Library of Information are German nationals. Dr. Schmitz stated 
to representatives of the committee that he had taken up the matter 

* For facsimile of original see p. 1292. 

• For facsimile of original, see p. 1293. 
><i For facsimile of original, see p. 1294. 
11 For facsimile of original, see p. 1295. 


of registration with the Department of State, and that he felt that 
he had satisfied them as to the type of work he was carrying on. 
However, the complaint of a private citizen of New York was entered 
against the German Library for failure to register with the State 
authorities. At the hearmg on this matter, Dr. Schmitz claimed 
diplomatic immunity. 

The committee now has in its files copies of all publications dis- 
seminated by the German Library of Information. The committee 
also has in its files letters from private individuals in the United 
States who complain about the fact that their names were placed on 
the mailing list of the German Library against their wishes and with- 
out their consent. The committee also has letters revealing that 
certain persons inquired about conditions of travel in Germany, 
and that after they had made known their identity to the German 
Tourist Office, they suddenly began to receive mail from the German 
Library of Information, indicatmg that there had been an interchange 
of mailing lists between the two organizations. The investigation of 
the German railroads will be treated in a later part of this report. 


It will be recalled that previous mention was made of the fact that 
Transocean News Service was the recii)ient from Berlin of the text of 
the document kiiown as the "First German AVhite Paper." An inves- 
tigation of the manner in which this document was received into the 
United States, published, and disseminated has been made by the 

In a conversation with William Soskin, senior partner of Howell, 
Soskin & Co., 11 East Fort3^-fifth Street, New York City, the follow- 
ing facts were established: 

On or about April 1, 1940, the publishing firm of Howell, Soskin & 
Co., desiring to print and publish the English documents seized by 
the German Goxernment in their capture of Warsaw, approached the 
German Embassy at Washington, D. C, requesting the English trans- 
lation of these documents. The German Embassy's negative reply, 
dated April 4, 1940, is contained in this fde. Approximately 4 days 
later Howell, Soskin & Co. were approached by Alanfrcd Zapp, 341 
Madison Avenue, New York City, who informed them that he was in 
a position to funiish an English translation of the Polish documents; 
and in a tele])lione conversation of May 2, 1940, he assured the pub- 
lishing firm that he would be able to sell a minimum of 10,000 copies 
to individuals, groups, and acquaintances of Zapp's business associates, 
in order to guarantee the successful publisliing of the papers. It was 
finally agreed that Howell, Soskin & Co. would undertake the pub- 
lisliing of the English translation supplied by Dr. Zapp, who in turn 
was to receive a royalty of 10 percent of the retail selling price of the 
translations, and in cases where the trade discount was 50 percent or 
more from the retail selling price, the royalties would be collected on 
the net amount received. 

With this preliminary arrangement for the publishing of the papers 
completed, Howell, Soskin & Co. announced in their trade journal 
and the newspapers that a translation had been secured and was to 
appear in book form. 

Immediately following the announcement of the publication of the 
English translation of these documents, Soskin received a telephone 
call from Walter A. Wilson, representative of the Norristown Press, 
NorristowTi, Pa., who informed him that his firm was interested in 
the purchase of a large number of these books and inquired concerning 
the cost to the purchaser. In a telegram dated June 17, 1940, Wilson 
made an appointment to discuss this matter with Soskin on Tuesday, 
June 18, 1940. During the discussion which followed it was brought 
out that Howell, Soskin & Co. had not yet made any arrangements 
for the printing of the documents, whereupon Wilson informed Howell 
that his employer, Ralph B. Strassburger, owner of the Norristown 
Times-Herald, Norristown, Pa., was in a position to print these papers 
provided satisfactory financial arrangements could be made. After 
numerous conversations between W^ilson, Strassburger, and Soskin, 



it was finally agreed that the Norristown Press would print the books 
for a specified cost to Howell, Soskin & Co., whereupon they in return 
would sell the books required to the Norristown Press at 25 cents 
per copy. 

As a result of the conversations between Soskin and Strassburger, 
it was ascertained that the primary purpose of Strassburger's interest 
in the publication of these documents was his personal dislike for 
William C. Bullitt, United States Ambassador to France. 

The arrangements for the printing of the papers having been com- 
pleted, Howell, Soskin & Co. approached various authorities on 
international afi'airs in an effort to have a foreword prepared for the 
book. After numerous refusals, an acceptance of the undertaking 
was received from C. Hartley Grattan, 3900 Spuyten Duyvil Parkway, 
New York City, who for a consideration of $100 furnished the required 
foreword to the translation of the papers. 

Upon the completion of the printing of the papers by the Norris- 
town Press, Norristown, Pa., Howell, Soskin & Co. received approxi- 
mately 2,500 copies of the book for distribution to their regular retail 
outlets, and at the same time the Norristown Press informed Howell, 
Soskin & Co. that they were retaining 17,000 copies for their own use 
and to bill them for that amount. The difference in the cost of the 
printing of the papers and the cost of the 17,000 copies ($4,250) was 
paid in cash to Soskin by a representative of the Norristown Press. 

A few days after the completion of the printing, Howell, Soskin & 
Co. received a telephonic request from the Norristown Press for approx- 
imately 20,000 of their mailing labels, which request they fulfilled. 
This transaction was also on a cash basis. 

A week or so following this transaction, Howell, Soskin & Co. began 
receiving numerous letters from writers throughout the country notify- 
ing them that a copy or copies of the German White Paper had been 
received and inquiring, m some instances, as to whom they were in- 
debted for this gift. Howell, Soskin & Co., having no knowledge of 
such a distribution of the German White Paper, replied to the in- 
quiries that a number of the copies of the book were purchased by 
the Norristown Press, of Norristown, Pa., and that they were under 
the impression that they had been the distributors. Upon an investi- 
gation by Howell, Soskin & Co., it was found that copies of the Ger- 
man White Paper were mailed anonymously throughout the country, 
bearing labels, identical with those furnished the Norristown Press. 

In a search of the Howell, Soskin & Co. files regarding inquiries 
on the distribution of the German White Paper, it was found that the 
book had been sent to lawyers, doctors, public officials, manufactureres, 
bankers, colleges, and universities and members of their faculties, 
public libraries, newspapers, magazines, public utilities, architects, 
advertisers, diplomats, and scientific societies as well as numerous out- 
standing private individuals. It was also noted that a great number 
of inquiries regarding this distribution were received from United 
States Government officials. It was noted by the correspondence in 
Howell, Soskin & Co.'s files that an old mailing list had evidently 
been used in the distribution of the book, due to the fact that many 
copies were returned to Howell, Soskin & Co. on account of change 
of address, death of the addressee, etc. 

In a letter dated August 15, 1940, to Howell, Soskin & Co. from 
the writer of the foreword, C. Hartley Grattan stated that he was 


very much disturbed over the method of distribution of this book 
and indicated that he was sorry he was ever involved in the matter. 

In a letter of June 21, 1940, Harry Elmer Barnes, Cooperstown, 
N. y., who was previously connected with Dr. Auhagen, of the 
American Fellowsliip Forum, commended the publication of the 
Paper and offered liis influence in furthering its popidarity. In his 
letter he also mentioned Lawrence Dennis' The Dynamics of War 
and Kevolution as the best book of the decade on the fundamentals 
of the world situation. 

On or about June 20, 1940, Howell, Soskin & Co. received from 
Charles W. Yost, Assistant Chief, Division of Controls of the State 
Department, a form for a registration statement under the law 
covering agents of foreign principals, which indicates that the dis- 
tribution of the German White Book was considered by the State 
Department as distribution of progapanda on behalf of a foreign 
government. However, Howell, Soskin & Co., not being the dis- 
tributors of the German White Book, informed the State Department 
of this fact, and accordingly the matter was dismissed. 

It is also evident that a large number of recipients of the German 
White Book, in their acknowledgments and inquiries to Howell, 
Soskin & Co., regarding the distribution of the book, branded the 
publication as Nazi propaganda and a deliberate affront to the author- 
ized representatives of the United States Government. Some writers 
even stated they were advising the Department of Justice, postal 
authorities, etc., to take action in the matter. 

In conclusion, it is reasonable to assume that the Germany Embassy 
approached Manfred Zapp, informing him of Howell, Soskin & Co.s' 
desire to publish the German White Paper, and also that Zapp ap- 
proached the Norristown Press, who in turn made the arrangements 
as described. It is also reasonable to assume that the Norristown 
Press, using the labels purchased from Howell, Soskin & Co., and 
bearing the Howell, Soskin & Co. name and address, distributed the 
German White Paper anonymously throughout the country, using an 
old mailing list. 

In view of the correspondence in Howell, Soskin & Co.'s files, both 
from the State Department and from individuals to whom the book 
was distributed, it is evident that the general opinion brands the trans- 
lation of the Polish documents, published as the German White 
Paper, as Nazi propaganda. 

Exhibit No. 186 is a telegram from the German Embassy in Wash- 
ington to Howell, Soskin & Co., under date of April 4, 1940, advising 
the publishing concern that they are not in possession of the Polish 

[Exhibit No. 186 '] 

Your inquiry Polish Documents stop regret German Embassy not in possession 
of documents. 

Exhibit No. 187 is a copy of a communication from Manfred Zapp 
to R. B. Strassburger, under date of April 25, 1940, advising Strass- 
burger that he is sending to him the full text of the "White Paper. 

[Exhibit No. 187 '] 

I want to thank you especially for the interesting interview I got and I will 
certainly take you at your word and take the liberty of calling on you next week 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1296. 
' For' facsimile of original, see p. 1297. 


I am sending you, as I promised, the full text of the third German White Book 
containing the documents found in Warsaw regarding American foreign policy 
V ery snicerely yours, o i j • 

E.^iibit No. 188 IS a communication from William Soskin to 
Manfred Zapp, mider date of May 6, 1940, advising him that Hartley 
Cxrattan is the party who is to write the foreward to this docmnent. 

[Exhibit No. 188 3] 

Dr. Manpred Zapp, ^^^ ^*^' ^^'^«- 

341 Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
Dear Dr. Zapp: Since Mr. Manheim is ill and will probably not be at the office 
D^,-\T?^ °^ ^°' ^ ^"^ writing you regarding the proposed pubhcation of the 
Polish Documents. 

Mr. Hartley Grattan has examined the documents and is now proceeding to 
write the foreword, which will contain an explanation of the importance of pub- 
lishing such documents, as well as a historian's advice on the detached attitude 
with which they should be read. 

Since the manufacture of the book, the quantity of the edition, and other 
details, will depend on your own arrangements, we will await word from you 
within a daj' or so. 

Very truly yours, 

William Soskin. 
WS: PW. 

Exhibit No. 189 is a communication from Soskin to Wilson, of the 
Norristown Times Herald, under date of May 10, 1940, advising 
Strassburger as to the design and the manufacture of the German 
White Paper. 

[Exhibit No. 189 <] 

Re: Design and Manufacture of the German White Paper. 

1. The general design of this book is to follow that of the American White 
Paper, published by Simon & Schuster. The inside stock is Warren's 70 lb. 
antique. The cover stock is Warren's Lustro Gloss cover (white), 5 points 
thickness. The book is bound with three staples. 

2. Type Page. The type area is 35 picas, to be set in Baskerville 14 on 17. 
If you do not have this font on hand, use Caslan Old Style 14 on 17, or Garamond 
Intertype, or Gran j on 14 on 17. The page will take 29 lines plus the page head- 
ings. The margins of the folio are to follow the style of the American White 
Paper. The copy for the text, the foreward, the title page and copyright page 
is enclosed, together with typographical designs for all these pages and for chapter 

3. For a printing this size, I take it you will make plates. 

4. The design for the cover is enclosed. The top panel is white with a 60 pt. 
title printed in black. The bottom panel is blue, the color of Sigmund Ullman's 
ink, Equahzed Blue 36K. The two panels are divided by a black 12 pt. rule. 

The legend, "Full Text government" is set in 36 pt. 

u and Ic, and printed in black. The line, "Foreword by C. Hartley Grattan" is 
in 30 pt. u and Ic in reverse, thus showing through in white. The back of the 
cover will have a halftone cut of one of the original documents with an italic 
caption underneath it." 


Exhibit No. 190 is a copy of the agreement, dated May 13, 1940, 
between Soskin and Manfred Zapp. It will be noted that in this 
agreement Zapp was to obtain 10 percent of the net profits of the 
paper as a royalty. 

> For facsimile of original, see p. 1298. 
* For facsimile of original, see p. 1299. 


[Exhibit No. 190 «] 

New York, N. Y., May 13, 1940. 
Mr. William Soskin, 

11 East 45th Street, New York, N. Y. 


1. I hereby represent and warrant that I am the agent for the Deutsches Verlag 
Kochstrassc, Berhn, Germany who are the owners of certain documents tenta- 
tively known as GERMAN WHITE BOOK DOCUMENTS, and who are anxious 
to negotiate the sale thereof to you. 

2. I am authorized by them as their agent to, and do hereby sell, assign, grant 
and convey to you the sole and exclusive right to publish the said documents in 
the United States of America and Canada and do hereby authorize you in your 
name to take any and all steps required to secure copyright, in the United States 
of America and Canada. 

3. In behalf of myself and my principal we authorize you in our name as 
plaintiff or co-plaintiff to bring any action or proceeding for the enjoining of any 
infringement in the copyright in the said work and for any damages resulting 

4. We warrant and covenant that the said work has not heretofore been pub- 
lished in the United States of America and Canada; that it is innocent and con- 
tains no matter which, if published, will be libelous or which will infringe upon 
any proprietary right at common law or an\' statutory copyright or anj'- penal 
law and that we will hold harmless and defend you against any such claim, demand 
or recovery by reason of any violation or representations, warranties and covenants 
herein contained, or by reason of any violation of proprietary right or copyright 
or any injuries or libelous matter in the said work and to act promptly with regard 
to such defense, and, if you shall give us notice of any claims, demands or suits, 
and such time as the exigencies of the situation permit, in which to undertake any 
defenses, then if default shall be made by us, you are granted the right to make 
such defense and to take such action as you may be advised, and the costs and 
counsel fees therefor together with any damages therefor shall be borne by us. 

5. You agree to publish the book in such form as to production, distribution and 
advertising as you deem best, provided, however, that you agree to publish an 
edition to be distributed in the usual channels of trade at not less than One ($1.00) 
Dollar retail selling price. You shall have the right, however, to sell the same in 
bulk at prices to be fixed by you. 

6. You are to make payment to mo as agent for the Deutsches Verlag Koch- 
strassc, Berlin, Germany, of royalties in the following sums: 

(a) On all books distributed in the usual channels, ten (10%) percent of the re- 
tail selling price. 

(b) On all sales where the trade discount is fifty (50%) percent or more from the 
retail selling price, then the percentage of royalties shall be calculated on the net 
amount received. 

(c) No royalties shall be paid on copies furnished gratis for review, advertising, 
samples or like purpose. 

(d) State and Federal taxes on royalties when paid by you in our behalf are 
proper charges against our earnings under this agreement and may be withheld 
by 3'ou. 

(e) If the work shall become unsaleable, you may sell remaining copies as 
"remainders". If the amount secured for remainders be less than the cost of 
production, then no royalties shall be paid. If the price exceeds the cost of 
production, you shall pay ten (10%) percent of the amount paid to you over the 
cost of production. 

(f) You are to send to us royalty statements during August and Fel)ruary of 
each year as of June 30th and December 31st and payable October 31st and 
April 30th. 

(g) On all orders procured by us prior to publication, you will pay me my 
royalty as and when monies are received by us on account thereof. 

Your signature where indicated will constitute this memorandum an agreement 
between us. 

Very truly yours, 

Manfred Zapp. 

William Soskin. 

' For facsimile of original, see pp. 1300-1302. 


Exliibit No. 191 is an office memo rand um, dated June 12, 1940, 
from Howell, Soskin & Co. to the Norristovvn Press, setting forth the 
amount of the bill that was assessed against the Norristown Press. 

[Exhibit No. 191 6] 
17000 German White Paper @ .25 per copy $4250. 00 

Exliibit No. 192 is a copy of a telegi^am from Walter A. Wilson, 
representative of Strassburger, to Soskin & Co., arranging for an 
appointment in order to talk of the publication of the German White 

[Exhibit No. 192 '] 
Will stop in on Tuesday. 

Exhibit No. 193 is a communication from Zapp to William Soskin 
in New York City, acknowledging receipt of $437.50 for the first 
installment under the agreement previously identified. 

[Exhibit No. 193 »] 

Dear Sir: Receipt is hereby aclinowledged of the sum of Four hundred and 
thirty seven and 50/100 ($437.50) Dollars, being payment in full on the first 
instalment under the contract between you and the Norristown Press. 

I understand that on similar payment of Four hundred and thirty seven and 
50/100 ($437.50) Dollars, being made to me, if, as, and when the second payment 
is received by you, then I will then have been paid in full on account of this order. 

Exhibit No. 194 is a copy of a communication from H. A. Gray of 
the United States Department of the Interior, Bituminous Coal Di- 
vision, under date of September 9, 1940, advising the publishing 
concern to take his name off of their mailing list. This letter is a 
sample of the communications which Howell, Soskin & Co. received 
from American citizens throughout the United States, protesting 
against having their names on any mailing list which would be used 
for the purpose of disseminating German propaganda. 

[Exhibit No. 194 «] 

Gentlemen: I received from you yesterday another copy of the German 
propaganda which you are circulating, "The German White Paper", which came 
to my office address, 734 — 15th Street. Sometime ago a copy came to my home 
address, 3205 R Street, at which time I wrote you in no uncertain terms to take 
my name off of your mailing list. You replied that the publication might have 
come from the Norwood Press in Pennsjdvania, and while you did not directly 
disclaim having mailed it, I also wrote to them. They did not bother to answer. 

The copy I have just received was postmarked at New York and came direct 
from you. I must ask that you respect my wishes in seeing that my name is not 
on any of your mailing lists. I am again returning your publication to you. 
Yours truly. 

6 For facsimile of original, see p. 1303. 
'For facsimile of original, see p. 1303. 
'For facsimile of original, see p. 1304. 
'For facsimile of original, se,e p. 1305. 


A committee subpena was served upon Dr. Ernst Sclimitz, the 
director of the German Railroads Information Office, requesting the 
production of all files, records, and correspondence in his possession, 
pertaining to the business of the German Railroads Information 
Office, 1 1 West Fifty-seventh Street, New York City. In conformity 
with the terms of this request, Mr. Schmitz turned over to the investi- 
gators of the committee all information requested by the subpena. 

The German Railroads Information Office, as such, has been doing 
business in the United States for a period of over 20 years. According 
to Mr. Sclimitz, the organization is strictl}^ a governmental organiza- 
tion and controlled entirely by the German Reich. The organization 
receives all of its finances and instructions from Berlin and is required 
to make all reports directlj^ to Berlin. 

According to Mr. Schmitz, the German railroads carry more passen- 
gers per mile than all of the passenger railroads of the United States 
together, during any one other period and that for tliis reason the 
German Government stresses the importance of its offices in the 
United States and is thus willing to spend large sums of money to 
keep the tourist business falling to Germany. The main German 
Railroads Information Office is located in New York, there being two 
other branches wliich come under the jurisdiction of the New York 
office, one in Chicago and one in San Francisco. 

The German Railroads Information Office for the period of January 
1933 to August 1930 spent the sum of $1,339,759.18. Exhibit No. 
195 are the figures as supplied by the Railroad Office. 

[Exhibit No. 195 '] 
Revenues of the German Railroads Information Offices, 1933 to 1940, inclusive 


10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
6, 000. 00 
17, 000. 00 
500. 00 

153, 500. 00 


10, 000. 00 
16, .500. 00 
10, 000. 00 
16, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
6, 000. 00 
16, 000. 00 
16, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
16, 000. 00 
20, 000. 00 
16, 000. 00 
14, 022. 52 

208, 000. 00 


1, 560. 03 

1, 669. 93 
15, 000. 00 

6, 606. 37 
15, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 

8, 500. 00 
15, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, OOP. 00 

183, 336. 33 

1 For facsimile of original, see p. 1306. 



Revenves of [the German Railroads Information Offices, 1933 to 1940, inclusive — 



20, 000. 00 

5, 000. 00 

10, 000. 00 

14, 422. 85 
20, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 

10, 000. 00 

15, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 

7, 500. 00 
3, 740. 00 
2, 500. 00 

11, 250. 00 
20, 010. 00 
10, 000. 00 

214, 422. 85 


11,000. 00 
11,000. 00 
26, 000. 00 
26, 000. 00 
31, 000. 00 
11,000. 00 

205, 000. 00 



12, 000. 00 
12, 000. 00 
12, 000. 00 
15, 500. 00 
12, 000. 00 
12, 000. 00 
12, 000. 00 
12, 000. 00 
12, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
20, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 

186, 500. 00 


14, 000. 00 
14, 000. 00 
18, 000. 00 
18, 000. 00 
18, 000. 00 
] 8, 000. 00 
18,000. 00 
14,000. 00 
7, 000. 00 

139, 000. 00 


10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 

50, 000. 00 

$1, 339, 759. 18 

10, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
20, 000. 00 
20, 000. 00 
18, 000. 00 
11,000. 00 

In July of 1939, prior to the outbreak of the war, the German Rail- 
roads Information Office had a personnel of 20 people with a pay roll 
of $4,956.91. In August of 1940, and even in spite of the fact that 
there was no tourist trade to Germany because of the outbreak of 
war, the monthly pay roll was shown to be $2,927.30. Over the period 
of years the railroads office has adapted the policy of sending through 
the mails various advertising matter which portrays the benefit from 
traveling in Germany. The office has over the period of years brought 
up a maiUng list of 125,000 names. 

The committee has in its files a complete set of the mailing hst. 
At the present time, the German Railroads Office is engaged chiefly 
in publishing once a week a news letter entitled, "News Flashes from 
Germany." This pamphlet contains information concerning Germany 
which is sent by cable once a week from Berlin to Mr. Schmitz. The 
question arises as to why the German Government should keep in 
this country an organization which has for its purpose the inducement 
for travel in Germany, when the present war situation prevented it 
in its entirety and this at the expense of at least $10,000 a month. 
The only other reason for the existence of such an organization is for 
the dissemination of the above-mentioned news letter. An exami- 
nation of these letters indicate a rather subtle form of propaganda. 
Mr. Schmitz states that his name is filed with the Department of 
State in conformity with the Registration Act as an agent for a foreign 
principle. The committee is in receipt of different communications 
from private individuals setting forth the fact that they have given 
their names in a slightly altered fashion to the organization known 
as the American Fellowship Forum in New York City for the purpose 


of receiving publications from that organization; that shortly there- 
after these parties stated that the}^ were in receipt of pamphlets and 
literature from the offices of the German Railroads Information Office 
and that these later commimications were addressed to them in the 
same manner in which they had given their altered names to the 
American Fellowship Forum, which fact indicates an interchange of 
information between the American Fellowship Forum and the German 
Railroads Information Office. 

The investigation further discloses that the German Railroads 
Information Office has for a period of years compiled lamp slides to be 
used for lectures on Germany and that these slides are accompanied 
with a stereotyped lecture prepared by the Railroads Information 
Office. Copies of all of these lectures are now in the files of the com- 

Dr. Ernst Schmitz and Dr. Manfred Zapp, apparently, have a 
community of interests. The following Exhibit No. 195-A, is quite 

[Exhibit No. 195-A'] 


11 West 57th Street 
New York, New York 

November 30, 1939. 

Dear Dr. Zapp: On Wednesday December 6th at 7 P. M. a number of people 
of the Intelligence Service of the Rome-Berlin Axis are meeting at my private 
apartment on the third floor of the house, 11 West 57th Street, for a very informal 

I should be happy if you could join and I should be grateful if you could give 
me your answer by Monday afternoon, by telephoning by my office, using the 
number Wickersham 2-0224. 

With kind regards. Heil Hitler 

(Signed) Schmitz. 

Dr. Zapp 

New York, N. Y. 

[Accepted by telephone.] 

Reference is made to the facsimile of the original of this exhibit, 
with special attention to the word, "Informationsdienstes." The 
literal translation of this word is of course, "Intelligence Service." 
However, several translators are in agreement that this phraseology 
when used in official diplomatic and military communications means 
"Intelligence Service." 

If it were conceded that Dr. Schmitz in composing the above letter 
had in mind "Information Service" as distinct from "Intelligence 
Service" the fact still remains that he is inviting Zapp to a gathering 
of the "Rome-Berlin Axis." Moreover, Dr. Zapp is allegedly in the 
news service business and not affiliated with any travel agency. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1307. 


It will be recalled that in an earlier part of this report mention was 
made of the fact that there was evidence to the effect that the German 
Railroads Information Office interchanged its mailing list with that 
of the American Fellowship Forum. Investigation discloses that this 
last organization came into existence about the later part of April 
1939. The organization was brought into existence by individuals 
in New York City for the alleged purpose of establishing a spirit of 
fellowship amongst American citizens and also to extend that coopera- 
tion to citizens of other countries throughout the world. The pro- 
gram at first was to hold public forums at which topics of economic 
and social importance were supposed to be discussed from both sides. 
There was also disseminated by means of a mailing list certain literature 
which the officers of the organization deemed necessary for the purpose 
of enlightening the people of the United States. The investigation 
of the organization discloses that the registration papers of the State 
of New York were signed by Dr. Edmund F. Kohl, Dr. P. J. Kesseler, 
Dr. F. A. Kertess, and Richard Koch. The organization has its 
headquarters in room 2942, 11 West Twenty-second Street, New 
York City. The guiding light of the organization from the time of 
its conception was Dr. Frederic Ernest Ferdinand Auhagen. Dr. 
Auhagen was served with a subpena and the following is a statement 
made by him to representatives of the committee, which is exhibit 
No. 196. 

[Exhibit No. 196 '] 

Voluntary Statement of Dr. Frederic Ernest Ferdinand Auhagen, 
Hotel Royalton, New York City, September 10, 1940 

Q. What is your full name? 

A. Dr. Frederic Ernest Ferdinand Auhagen, and my address is the Hotel 
Royalton, New York City. 

I was born in Berlin, Germany, on December 24, 1899. My father was a 
high official in the German Foreign Office, and I received my primary education 
in Jerusalem, Palestine, where my father happened to be. My secondary educa- 
tion was obtained at the Gymnasium in Celle, Germany, and after graduating in 
1917 I served in the German Army, in the heavy artillery, until May, 1919, 
during which period I was about one year at the front in France. I received 
several decorations with the rank of Second Lieutenant. Thereupon, from 1919 
I studied economics and mining engineering at the Universities of Gattengen, 
Hanover and the Mining Academy at Clausthad. 

After graduation I came to America on July 16, 1923, on the steamship 
"Eisenach", and my first two or three years was spent in mining engineering in 
Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, from 1923 to 1925. I had to give up this work on 
account of ill health and under the doctor's orders. I then entered the employ 
of the Equitable Trust Co. of New York, and worked in their Foreign Department 
until November, 1927. From November, 1927, until June, 1929, I was connected 
with St. Francis Xavier College in New York, teaching German and Spanish. 
At the same time I was doing credit work at the Columbia University in German 
literature in philosophy. From 1929 to 1930 I was in charge of the German 
Department of Lincoln's School of Teacher's College — an experimental school. 
From September, 1930 to June, 1935, I was head of a German Department in 
Columbia University, and gave extension courses from 1928 to 1935. 

1 Original not reproduced. 


274778— 40— pt. 2 7 


While at the University I was after called up to deliver lectures on Germany,, 
and having visited that country almost every year since 1929, I kept myself well 
posted on conditions there. In 1935, on account of a reduction in staff of the 
college, I decided to leave academic work and devote myself entirely to lecturing 
and writing, and that period extends from 1935 to the present time. 

In the course of my lecturing activities I was called upon to address virtually 
all big forums in the United States, including the Council of Foreign Relations in 
Chicago, various branches of the Foreign Policy Association, Institute of Public 
Affairs in West Virginia, Summer Institute at Wellesley, Mass., Sunnner Institutes 
of the University of Denver and State Teacher's College in Colorado. I have 
spoken several times on National hookup's of the Town Meeting of the Air and 
the Herald-Tribune Forum, and besides various universities, clubs and organiza- 
tions interested in foreign affairs. 

The lectures I helped were sponsored by American organizations, from which I 
received with which I made mj- living. 

After my first speech before the Town Meeting of the Air, on the subject 
of "How Can Europe Fight War", I received thousands of letters from all parts 
of the country which expressed great satisfaction with the constructive point of 
view which I presented in that particular lecture. Mr. George Denny, Director 
of the Town Meeting of the Air subsccjuently informed me that the mail response 
to this particular program had broken all records in the Town Meeting. 

On the strength of this popular response to my viewpoint, I decided to create 
an organization which would exclusively devote itself to present international 
affairs from the particular angle which I had always tried to maintain in my 
various lectures. This particular angle may be described as an attempt to avoid 
all sentiment, propaganda and bias from entering into the discussion of interna- 
tional affairs, and thus to give the listener a clear and unbiased viewpoint and 
leave to the listener's viewpoint the judgment of morals or national interest that 
may be touched upon in this factual presentation. The reason whj- I adopted 
this particular angle was that in my lecturing exj)erience I had always felt that the 
American public was being confused in its outlook on interna tional affairs by 
greatl}- disagreeing viewpoints, which, since the people themselves had no ojipor- 
tunity to check up for themselves, left them in a greatly confused state of mind. 
This policy I intended to incorporate as one of the basic principles in this new 
organization that I was planning to create. 

It was called the American Fellowship Forum because a part of its aims should 
be the creation of a spirit of fellowship, not only among Americans but also among 
the civilized nations of the world, for it is m}' firm conviction that there can never 
be peace and goodwill on earth unless people everj^where can be brought to the 
realization that each nation has its own particular problems, and has to solve 
these problems with whatever means happen to be at its disposal. For this 
reason there cannot be the exactly' same type of government in the different 
nations, nor can their foreign policies be exactly the same. The conflicts and 
frictions which are bound to develop in our present world order can only be 
eliminated if people everj'where can be brought to the realization that they all 
depend on each other, and that each nation must have a normal opportunity to 
live a normal economic, social and political Ufe. If there are iiations which are 
prevented from living such a normal economic, social and i)olitical life, it is only 
natural they will strive to improve their conditions by acquiring land and natural 
resources by force, which in turn leads to war and revolution. 

To foster such a spirit of international understanding, which is the only alterna- 
tive to war, the American Fellowship Forum has lectures and published material 
and literature for the purpose of attracting all those people who were of a similarly 
constructive turn of mind. The literature consisted of a magazine called "Today's 
Challenge", which was intended to be a monthly, but owing to lack of funds, this 
expensive publication had to be abandoned after the third edition, which was the 
December-January issue. It was followed bj^ a weekly news-letter called the 
"Forum Observer", on the pages of which we tried to continue the same editorial 
policy on a smaller scale than the more ambitious preceding magazine project. 

The discussion meetings of lectures held by the Forum were always kept 
strictly within the limits of the policy which underlay the foundation of the Forum, 
and which has been previously explained. 

Representatives of divergent points of view were invited to speak, as, for 
instance, on the Boycott Problem, for which purpose we invited Mr. Emmett 
of the Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League to present the case for the Boycott, and 
Mr. George F. Bauer, who at that time was connected with the American Auto- 
mobile Manufacturers Association, to present the case against the boycott. In 
spite of the fact that the subject was highly controversial, and both points of view 


amply represented, the meeting was perfect!}' calm and without disturbance, and 
took place in a iriendly and cheerful atmosphere, which we consider as proof that 
our type of discussion did not permit annoyance of persons nor appeals to emotions 
and prejudices, was the only sure way of presenting controversial issues and creat- 
ing "light" instead of "heat". 

Discussions were held on other subjects, such as the one between Lawrence 
Dennis, representing the extreme nationalist — and as some call it, fascist — point 
of view, against Prof. Fred Shoreman of Williams College, presenting a radical- 
socialist and strongly pro-ally point of view. This meeting likewise was extremely 
successful, inasmuch as no disturbance and no acrimonious disputes. 

During some of our last lectures we had speaking to us an Englishman on con- 
ditions in Great Britain during the war, and we had such men as Philip .Johnson 
speak of his impressions in war-time Germany. This goes to show that the Ameri- 
can Fellowship Forum has by no means conducted its lectures and discussions on a 
one-sided pro-German basis, but has always attempted to present both points of 
view simultaneouslj'. 

The members of the American Fellowship Forum were recruited in various ways. 
The first members were obtained by .sending out invitations to the first lecture 
meeting on the subject: "America and Germany — Contrasts Without Conflicts". 
The title of this lecture naturallj" attracted a great many people interested in 
Germany and German affairs. During this meeting membership applications 
were distributed among those present (about 550 people), accompanied by an 
appeal. This appeal was addressed to all who found themseh-es in agree- 
ment with the basic purposes as stated on the program, and to sign these member- 
ship blanks. Eightj'-nine membership applications were signed at that particular 
meeting, of which about sixty were actually paid up. That meeting was held at 
the Capitol Hotel on 50th Street, New York City. I was the Chairman and 
Lawrence Denn.y was the speaker, and no one else was present in any official 
capacity, because this was a test meeting. 

Q. When was the Forum actually organized, and by whom? 

A. After the aforementioned lecture of the Town Meeting of the Air, I got in 
touch with some of the people who had written me in response to it. Among 
them were two medical men — Dr. Kohl and Dr. Kesseler, who had both been 
active in various organizations. I got together with these two gentlemen and in 
the course of our conversation I suggested to them the idea of the Forum, as 
stated previously. 

They agreed with me that it should be worth while trying to put the idea before 
the public. As our first sounding board, we used the League of Former German 
Students, of which Dr. Kohl was the Past President, I tiiink. In the course of 
this meeting I delivered a speech in which I set down the basic principles of that 
organization which I wanted to found, and you can put it in the record that this 
speech is available in multigraph copies at the office. 

The response was excellent, and so it was decided to come before the public 
with the idea. Then came the first public meeting and all the people present were 
asked to send in as many addresses as thej'^ could get. I myself used the addresses 
of people who had written to me from my various lectures. 

Dr. Kohl, Dr. Kesseler and myself are the three original founders of the forum. 
Our first meeting was held at the Hotel Lexington in New York City and there 
were about 120 people in the Empire Room of the Lexington Hotel. The date 
was March 16, 193P 

After this meeting at the Hotel Lexington, we three got together once more and 
we decided to hold a put^lic meeting. I suggested Lawrence Dennis as a speaker 
and asked him to formulate a title for a lecture. The meeting was held on April 
19, 1939 (1940?). The meeting was held at the Hotel Capitol, 50th Street and 
8th Avenue, in the Oak Room, and our announcements were sent out to about 
1200 people. The list of addresses included people of both German and English 
descent — fifty-fifty about. We were surprised to see that 550 people actually paid 
admission fee of 750 to listen to Lawrence Dennis lecture, and the net return, as 
I said before, was about 89 members. 

After this first meeting it was decided to put out a magazine, and through Dr. 
Kohl's recommendation, George Sylvester Viereck was called in in an advisory 
capacity. On this magazine (Today's Challenge) I was to act as the editor and 
Viereck as associate editor. The first issue of the magazine was ready for dis- 
tribution on the evening of the second meeting in May, 1939. At this time we 
were in possession of our office, which we hired after the meeting at the Hotel 
Capitol. The personnel of the organization consisted at that time of myself and 
Charles Seigchrist, Jr., a young man who I had hired for .$20. a week. - 


I left the organization in the middle of June. At that time I was National 
Director and there were no definite executives there, except a Steering Com- 
mittee comprised of Dr. Kohl, Dr. Kesseler, Dr. Kertess and Mr. Koch, and the 
purpose ot the Steering Committee was to lay down the policj' and discuss current 
business of the Fellowship Forum. I met Dr. Koch through the medium of his 
writing me after a German broadcast. Dr. Kohl was a member of the German 
Student League. I made the acquaintance of George Bauer when I heard him 
as a speaker against Emmett, in the Boycott meeting. I knew about Bauer 
because I had heard hini once lecture, and I knew he was connected with the 
American Automobile Manufacturers Association, and due to this knowledge I 
called him up and made an appointment, which was our first actual contact. 
He became an executive after 1 went out. He was only a paid speaker up until 
then. I do not know what his jot) there is now, but would say he sort of takes 
my place. I hired Miss Gotthelf in July, 1939. I first became acquainted with 
her when she spoke at the Boston meeting of the Foreign Policy Association in 
Boston, and she was there at the speakers' table, and I met her and met her 
subsequently. She was studying at the Fletcher School of Diplomacy— -a sub- 
sidiary of Harvard University, and she was teaching German there at the same 
time. I do not know that she belonged to any other organization. The meeting 
at which I met her in Boston was the one at which Dorothy Thompson spoke 
under the auspices of the Foreign Policy Association. 

Q. How about Seigchrist? 

A. I first met Seigchrist socially in the winter of 1938-39, and at the time I 
was thinking of founding the American Fellowshii) Forum he was without a job, 
and I decided to give him a job. I do not know that he belongs to any organiza- 

Q. How did you meet Dr. Kertess? 

A. I once met Kertess on the boat coming back from Germany in 1937, and 
he became a member of the Forum in June, 1939, and he was solicited for mem- 
bership by Seigchrist, to whom I had given his address. 

Q. Why did you resign? 

A. The reason for my resignation was two-fold. In the first place, I had hoped 
that the Forum woukl grow sufficiently in size to be able to support me, and 
because of the outl)reak of the war and the general lij'steria in regard to Fifth 
Column activities, with which I have been unjustly accu.sed, and also the Forum, 
this prevented the membership from growing. Since my funds were almost 
exhausted I was forced to look for more remunerative activity. The second 
reason was a certain amount of disagreement as to policy with some of my fellow 
members of the Steering Committee. But the most important excuse for my 
resignation was financial. 

Q. Who brought in Viereck? 

A. Dr. Kohl first brought Viereck in. I had never known him personally 
before. I had heard about him, but Kohl introduced him to me. We had many 
discussions. I found him extremely difficult to get along with. Viereck never 
had any official position — he simply edited articles only. 

Q. How long was he connected with the Forum? 

A. After the first two weeks Viereck went to Europe, and he had nothing what- 
ever to do with the publishing of the second and third issues of the magazine. 
He wrote two articles in all for the magazine. I cut some passages from Viereck's 
article, as editor, which I considered conflictatory with our policy, since our 
policy was not to attack persons. It was a very insignificant matter, but he 
felt sure that I had tampered with his manuscript. 

Q. You say you first came to this country on July 16, 1923, on the s. s. Eisenach, 
under the quota? 

A. I got in under the quota after I arrived here. I came as a coal passer. 
The trip cost me $135.00. I had hired on as a coal passer. I went to the Immi- 
gration Office in Philadelphia and they made me pay my head tax, and put me 
on the quota. 

Q. How many times have j^ou returned to Germany since your first entry to 
this country? 

A. I went back to Germany in 1925, 1929, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, and 

Q. Where did you go to when you returned to Germany? 

A. I was on my academic vacations of four months, and I visited my mother 
in Celle, and I traveled all about. 

Q. Did you contact anybody politically over there? 

A. I have naturally a number of friends and relatives all over the country, 
and this National Socialist movement interested me, and I talked to a number of 


people to find out about it. I never ma^e any contacts that I wanted to become 
a member of the National Socialist Party. 

Q. You were never a member of the National Socialist Party? 

A. No. 

Q. Have you contacted any members of the National Socialist Party in any 
way here in the United States? 

A. Never in an official way. Of course, anyone, as j^ou know, employed by 
German firms, that is, German citizens, are members of the National Socialist 
Party, and in this manner I have met a great many of them. 

Q. Do you know Friedehelm Draeger? 

A. Yes, I know him. He is the consul here. 

Q. Did you know him in Germany? 

A. As a matter of fact we went to school together, and were in the Army 
together, and it was only natural that I should visit him when I came here. 

Q. Where was Consul Draeger before he came to the United States? 

A. Consul Draeger came to America from Mexico City, where he had been 
attached in 1934, and was attached to the Consul General in New York with 
the rank of Vice-Consul, and ever since then I have been in very close personal 
touch with him at all times. He came to visit me at my home on Long Island 
and I often met him in the city and we had luncheon together. 

Q. You say your home on Long Island? 

A. Oh, yes, my permanent home is on Long Island, where I live with my wife, 
at 90-50 53rd Avenue, Elmhurst. The telephone there is "Newton 9-3791". 

Q. How about the Hotel Royalton address? 

A. I have a room there which makes it more convenient for me while in New 
York. People have always tried to connect me in some way or another with 
the German Government and to allege that I was a Nazi agent. Although they 
had no factual proof of this, these particular writers and lecturers seized upon my 
friendship with Draeger as the missing link between myself and German officials. 

Q. How did you go to Germany each year? 

A. I had to get a re-entry permit to enter the United States. 

Q. Did you use any other name than your own? 

A. I always went under my own name. 

Q. On the citizenship question. You came here in 1923, and you took out 
your first papers when? 

A. I came here in 1923 and took out my first papers in Philadelphia, then after 
the five years residence requirement had elapsed — this would be in 1929 — -I 
applied here in New York for my naturalization. I went thru the whole process, 
paid my fee, passed my examination and was then informed by some employee 
of the Department that owing to an oversight of their's I would have to furnish 
two affidavits for the period of three or four months which were lacking from a 
full five years residence in New York State. I attempted to obtain the said 
affidavits in Wilkesbarre, Pa., but unsuccessfully, because nobody knew me any 
more there. Then I returned with this information to the naturalization office, 
whereupon I was told I should bring in my two witnesses and have them testify 
that they knew me also during these months in Wilkesbarre. In the meanwhile, 
however, one of my witnesses, who was a teacher, had accepted a position in 
California, and was thus not available to testify again. Thereupon my whole 
efforts to obtain naturalization proved in vain. At this time I was told that I 
had to repeat the process again.- I thought that I would have to take out first 
papers again, and I was under the impression I would have to stay another five 
years, and then early 1939, I made application for naturalization. I married an 
American citizen. They told me I had to wait until a full two years had passed. 
I made application in September, 1939, and received a summons to appear at the 
Naturalization Division of the Department of Labor in March, 1940. I was 
there again examined and was told to wait until I could be sworn in. I was told 
at that time it would take only three months, but so far I have not been called. 
In the meantime I was called once to the Department of Labor for a hearing, on 
the basis of complaints which had been sent in by some people in Elmira, who 
claimed that during a debate before the Foreign Policy Association Ijranch there 
I had said something to the effect that we should have Hitler over here to teach 
Roosevelt a few things. 

Q. Did you make such a statement? 

A. Yes, because I liad been heckled and it was said in the heat of the moment, 

Q. Will you be available for the Committee at a later date? 

A. Yes. But you see I would like to get through before the 16th or 17th of 
the month, as on account of nij' financial condition I have to look for work^_ail^ 



I had hopes of being able to get a position out of the state, probably in the West, 
so I hope the Committee can finish with whatever testimony tliey want before 
the 17th, after which date I would like to be excused. 

Q. You will be available to the Committee for the next two weeks? 

A. As I said, on account of my financial circumstances, I have to look for work, 
but would like to get thru before the 17th, as it is necessarj- that I go West in 
order to get work. 

It will be noted from the preceding statement that Dr. xiiihagen 
claims that he ceased active participation in the afl'airs of the forum 
some time in the middle of June 1940, and that he further states as his 
reason for resigning from the forum was his fear of being involved in 
any organization which due to hysteria, might be classified as engaging 
in "fifth column" activities, and secondly that there was a certain 
amoimt of disagreement between him and the other members of the 
organization. Committee subpcnas were served upon Mr. George 
F.^Bauer, Aliss Ina A. Gotthelf. Mr. C. D. Siegchrist. Jr., and Mr. 
Richard Koch. The above four individuals were examined and the 
results of their preliminarj' statements were as follows: 

Examination of EIxecutives of the Americax Fellowship Forvm by Inves- 
tigators George F. Hurley & S. W. Birmingham August 28, 1940 

[Note.— These Executives of the Forum eomprisod the following: Mr. Qeorge F. Bauer, Miss Ina A 
Gotthelf, Mr. C. D. Siegchrist, Jr., Mr. Richard Koch] 

By Mr. Hurley: 

Q. What is your name? 

A. George F. Bauer. 

Q. Your present address? 

A. 366 Madison Avenue — Home address 106 X. Grove St., E. Orange, X. J. 

Q. What is your occupation? 

A. Retired. I retired after twenty years spent with the associated automobile 
manufacturers. I am going into business again soon, on my own, and will have 
mj- own office. 

Q. With regard to the organization known a,s the American Fellowship Forum, 
will you state for the record what your affiliation has been with it? 

A. I am one of the organizing conunittee. There were five of us on the com- 
mittee. We have been called the executive committee, to give this underwriting. 

Q. When was this organization started? 

A. Around April in 1939. 

Q. And you were one of the motivating members? 

A. I came in only as a result of a speech I had heard by Koch when he spoke 
against the anti-Xazi boycott. Later I became a member, and later I helped 
them to get members. 

Q. What is .vour official position in the organization? 

A. Chairman and giving programs. 

Q. Who are the other members? 

A. Mr. Eichard Koch; Dr. Edmund F. Kohl, who is at 313 East S6th Street; 
Dr. P. J. Kesseler and Dr. F. A. Kertess. 

Q. Has Dr. Wilhelm Auhagen been a member of this group? 

A. He has not been for a month or two. 

Q. Please state brieflv wliat the organization is attempting to do in the United 

A. The prime puriDose is to provide discussions of economic and social topics, 
from two vie^^^^oints, in open forums. Any subject can be advanced by anybody 
along these lines. If we think it is of interest enough we proceed with the dis- 
cussions, sometimes getting two speakers, one for and one against. 

Q. Is this organization incorporated? 

A. Xo. 

Q. Do .vou know whether the organization applied for permission from the 
State Department? 

A. We did, but there was some confusion in the discussion about this, but no 
question was raised. I was not present at the discussion. 



By Mr. Koch: 

They did not incorporate; they wanted to keep it a membership organization. 
They registered it in his name in a municipal office liere. I do not know this 
type of registration, and when Dr. Auhagen resigned in June the registration was 
changed over to the other four persons, whose names are inchided in the list there. 
This was done at the instigation of Dr. Auhagen. 

Q. Will you please state for the record if you do know the manner in which 
the financial arrangements were taken care of? 

By Mr. Koch: 

A. Through membershij) drives. We ask different people in this kind of work 
to contribute a membership fee, which is $5.00 a year. We have also a $2.50 
fee for people who want to get the organ of the group only — what we call corre- 
sponding members, and of these some become members also. 

By Mr. Bauer: 

Some of us have to pay a little more. Then we have in addition what we 
called a "Vienna Waltz" one night, and we charge a little bit more to attend that. 

May I add one more thing? The purpose of the Forum was to conduct these 
discussions on a basis of what could be called "fellowship", that is, Americans 
using the same thing for a public discussion of their ideals, and a part of our 
purpose was to bring together such people as barbers, tradesmen, and big business 
leaders, and so on, where they would dance together and become acquainted. 

Q. How many members have you? 

(Mr. Bauer, continuing:) 

A. I do not know, but I should say between four and six hundred. 

Q. Have you any branches throughout the country? 

A. The tiling is organized so that all members are members of the Forum, 
wherever located, but they have local groups in, say, for instance, Newark, 
Philadelphia, Springfield, Connecticut and so on, that have meetings and also 
have consultations with the main office, to see if the speaker is suitable and it 
does not conflict with the policy of the thing. We have had meetings held in 
Newark, Philadelphia and Springfield. 

Q. Does the organization send out literature thru the mails? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Please state what it is? 

A. The literature is mainly a publication which is a house organ for members. 
It has also been sent to people and who members suggested as possible material 
for membership. It is sent out once a month, and sometimes twice. It is called 
the "Forum Observer". 

Q. Does that comprise all the literature sent out by you? 

A. As far as I know, except for invitations to meetings. 

By Mr. Siegchrist: 

I have some copies right here of the "Forum Observer" together with supple- 

Q. With regard to the type of literature sent out in the mails by the organiza- 
tion, who has the power to state the policy in that literature? 

A. We have five people get together and they give us a general idea. 

Q. Who are the five people? 

A. The committee whose names we just gave you. 

By Mr. Siegchrist: 
We have an organized publication committee of myself and Mr. Koch. I am 
the editor and the others pass on information, and periodically it is brought 
before the membership meeting as to whether they approve. Incidentally, any- 
one can contribute in the membership, and many of them do. 

By Mr. Bauer: 
There are sometimes differences of opinion as to what should go in there, but 
everybody has a right to send something, provided it is approved by the Publicity 

By Mr. Siegchrist: 

The committee was formed in the middle of the winter, and anything that was 
directed to us was submitted to the membership. 

Q. With regard to the literature that is sent out, and also any statements that 
are made by the officers at meetings, do you have any connection— tjrj4athere 


any stated policy that is to be followed in these publications? In other words, 
are you committed to any policy, such as that of non-intervention? 

A. No. 

Q. Are you in any way affiliated with any other organizations in the United 

A. Not at all. 

Q. Do you interchange your literature with other organizations in the United 

By Mr. Siegchrist: 
We mail Porter Sargent in Boston our "Observer", and also we mail it to some 
organization in Philadelphia. 

By Mr. Koch: 

There is no policy at all for the "Observer", but all members have agreed that 
in this country the peace interests are not to be jeopardized by going to war, 
but that we are to rebuild the home front and to keep things moving. 

Q. Is not that one of the purposes of this organization — to educate the people 
in the United States as to the necessity of watching the economic structure of 
the coiuitry and safeguarding the same, and seeing that they should not become 
entangled with foreign affairs? 

Mr. Bauer: 

A. I think you said it verj' well. 

Q. Is that the policy of the organization? 

A. (by Miss Gotthelf) Not as such. We came in five months after the war 
was founded. 

Q. Mr. Siegchrist, what is your full name? 

A. C. D. Siegchrist, Jr. 

Q. And vour address? 

A. 36 East 38th Street. 

Q. Were you born in the United States? 

A. Yes — in Baltimore, Maryland. 

Q. Mr. Koch, what is your full name? 

A. Richard Koch. 

Q. And you live? 

A. My home is 907 South 16th Street, Newark, N. J. In New York, 10 East 
40th Street. 

Q. Where were you born? 

A. I was born in the United States also. 

Q. Where were you born, Mr. Bauer? 

A. In Port Jervis. 

Q. Miss Gotthelf, what is your full name? 

A. Ina A. Gotthelf. 

Q. And where do vou live? 

A. 32 East 75th Street. 

Q. Where were you born? 

A. I was born in Berlin, Germany. 

Q. Are you a citizen? 

A. I have my first papers. 

Q. When did you obtain them? 

A. November, 1938. 

Q. Who is Dr. Kertess? 

By Mr. Koch: 

A. He is head of a chemical manufacturing & distributing company, where I 
am emploved. He is the President and I am the Vice-President. We are located 
at 10 East 40th Street. 

Q. At what period did Dr. Kertess become connected with the Forum? 

A. He joined us in June, 1939 as an active member. 

By Mr. Bauer: 

He paid a .$25.00 fee. 

Q. Is it a fact that the organization when it was first brought into existence was 
really under the name of four individuals? 

A. Yes. They were Dr. Frederic A. Kertess, Dr. Edmund Kohl, Dr. Peter J. 
Kesseler, and Richard Koch. 

Q. Dr. Auhagen was not included? 


A. No. That is a recent change. He had had it under his name, and when he 
resigned the registration was taken over by these four men, and two of them 
asked Dr. Kertess and me if we would join in the registration. 

Q. Do you depend solely upon members for finances? 

A. Yes. 

Q. You do not receive anything from individuals who are not members of the 

By Mr. Bauer: 
A. Personally, I would not know. 

By Mr. Siegchrist: 
A. Most of them do come from members. 

By Miss Gotthelf: 
A. I think there are some cases, but only to the extent of about five or ten 
•dollars. You see we are not allowed to accept anything more than two hundred 

Q. Who is Dr. Kertess connected with? 

By Mr. Koch: 

A. He is President of the Chemical Marketing Company at 10 East 40th Street. 

Q. Is he a citizen of the United States? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Naturalized? 

A. He was born abroad. He came here in 1923, and I have known him per- 
sonally since 1930, having met him in business. 

Q. Who is Dr. Peter J. Kesseler? 

A. He is a physician having a very fine practice at 142 East 84th Street. 

Q. Was he born here? 

A. He is a citizen of the United States. 

Q. I see by the by-laws that it is stated that non-citizens should be limited to 
ess than ten-per-cent of the membership? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Now, Mr. Siegchrist, I take it that this financial statement of the American 
Fellowship Forum as of April 30th, 1940, from April 1st, 1939, is the financial 
statement of your organization? 

A. Yes. There is another one up to August 3, 1940, which will be made avail- 
able in a few days. 

(Statement filed with Committee and marked "Exhibit No. 1") 

Mr. Siegchrist. With regard to the request for membership lists, we are 
waiting for it to be brought down. 

Q. This booklet here contains the constitution and by-laws of the American 
Fellowship Forum, and also several copies of the Forum Observer. These are 
records of your organization? 

A. Yes. And also a little slip saying who we are and what we do. 

(This was filed with the Committee and marked "Exhibit No. 2") 

Q. This particular book here records all the financial transactions of your 
organization from June, 1939, until and including February, 1940. Is that 

A. Yes. 

(This was filed with the Committee and marked "Exhibit No. 3") 

Q. This, I take it, is a continuation of No. 3, and for a period from March, 
1940, up to the present time? 

A. Yes. 

(This was filed with the Committee and marked "Exhibit No. 4") 

Q. Can you tell us, Mr. Siegchrist, something with regard to the publication 
"Today's Challenger"? 

A. When the Forum was founded back in 1939, Dr. Auhagen and his co- 
founders thought that they would issue a magazine, which would also serve as 
an organ of the Forum, and it was organized as an incorporated company since 
it was thought that afterwards it might be made a commercial venture. It went 
on that way for along time, and then it was figured out in January that it was 
too expensive. The stock company still exists, but it is unactive. The stock 
is held by these three. There were just these three issues published. Sub- 
scribers to this publication have been getting the Forum Observer instead, and 
were asked at the meetings whether this was satisfactory to them, and it met 
with widespread approval. 

- JN 


Q. This book, I take it, contains the membership of the American Fellowship 

A, That is correct; and also a list — a free list — comprising about 300 names. 

(This was filed with the Committee and marked "Exhibit No. 5") 

Q. What is this exhibit? 

A. This contains a list of subscribers to "Today's Challenge", which is no longer 
published and to which we continue to send the "Forum Observer". 

(This was filed with the Committee and marked "Exhibit No. 6") 

Q. Who is Dr. Auhagen? 

A. I do not know as much about him as I ought to. I got to know him through 
a speech that I lieard him make in 1939, and I wrote him a letter congratulating 
him on presenting a diQ"erent viewpoint. He replied to me, in Philadelphia, 
stating that he had found a number of people representing that different view- 
point, and that he would like to see me in Philadelphia, Mhere he was stopping 
there for one night. In the meantime he had formed the organization and I 
became a member. 

He had taught at some school — I think Columbia— for a number of 5^ears, and 
previouslj' to that was in German}'- where he was a coal miner, and I knew of the 
personal impression I had of him that he represented the ideals that I subscribed 

Q. He is no longer connected with the Forum? 

A. No. 

Q. Is he a member? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Where is he located? 

A. Hotel Royalton. 

Q. Is he a citizen of the United States? 

A. I think he is. 

Q. Where was he born? 

A. He was not born here. 

By Miss Gotthelf: 

A. He was born in Germany. 

Q. What is his regular business? 

A. He is a lecturer. He was a teacher at one time and is a graduate of a 
mining school in Germany, and then a teacher, Ph. D. at Columbia, and then was 
an author and lecturer. 

By Mr, Siegchrist: 

I think he joined the Forum because he thought this Forum would develop an 
income for him. 

Q. How did you get these names (indicating membership list)? 

A. They comprise subscribers who were recommended in various ways. After 
we sent out the first issue, people receiving this issue would send in other names 
and they would be put in that book. It was a personal growth— from man to 
man. Subsequent membership has been gotten entirely by giving cards to 
members at meetings, which they were asked to show any of their friends interested 
ir public affairs. 

Q. Did you secure from any other organization their mailing list? 

A. I do not know. 

By Miss Gotthelf: 

It is done. 

Q. Have you come into contact with George Sylvester Viereck? 

A. Mr. Viereck contributed to the first two issues of "Today's Challenger". 
The last time I saw him was in June, 1939, and, contrary to the statements made 
in "P. M." I have not seen him since that time. He contributed an article to the 
first issue and then mailed an article to the second one. 

Q. Did he ever make that office his headquarters? 

A. No. 

Q. Was he in there frequently? 

A. No. 

Q. Who drafted this "Today's Challenge"? 

A. Mr. Auhagen and I did — Mr. Viereck helped with the first issue, purely in a 
contributory capacity. 

Q. Has this anything to do with any other publications? 

A. Nothing. 


By Mr. Koch: 

He had an article in the second issue. 

Q. Was he paid any money for these articles? 

A. As a matter of fact I think he brought suit against us. 

Q. Would that show in any books whether he was paid? 

Mr. Siegchrist: 

It maj' show in one book which is still at the accountants office. As I recall it, 
he made a suit through a lawyer, which was settled out of Court, but we as an 
organization would not pay him. He wanted $5,000.00 and he got $150.00. He 
was associated with "Today's Challenge" and not with the "Forum Observer". 

Mr. Bauer: 

When I investigated the matter for myself I did not know him personally, but I 
do know he has the name of being a propagandist. We certainly did not want 
money coming from any other source except citizens of the United States. Mr. 
Viereck never has contributed one penny to us. 

Q. The organization started when? 

A. In 1939. 

Q. And was he in the picture when the organization started? 

A. No. 

Q. Who was there when it started? 

By Mr. Koch: 

A. Dr. Auhagen, Dr. Kohl, and Dr. Kesseler. None of them has any literary 
experience, and Viereck probablj", aside from his propaganda experience, naturally 

Q. Which of the three brought Mr. Viereck into the organization? 

A. I have an idea that Viereck brought himself into the picture, probably being 
anxious to get into some activity. 

Q. Mr. Siegchrist, when the constitutional bj'-laws of the organization were 
presented were your present? 

A. They were presented to us at a meeting. 

Q. I notice in Article two of your by-laws that it is the object of your organiza- 
tion to "Uphold the uncompromising sovereignty of the United States". 

A. That was that the United States would be absolutely against any ties that 
pledged aid to anyone outside. The Constitution was drawn up by a committee 
of at least thirty members and then finally presented to the membership for 

Q. Have statements been made to the effect that the Forum is anti-semitic? 

A. We are very much opposed to that sort of thing. 

By Mr. Bauer: 

When I first started we invited Jewish people to come, and the statement was 
made that we were opposed to an}' form of boycott, even the boycott of the 
Germans, and that there was no need of any division in this country. When we 
put on our dance "Vienna Night" we even engaged a Jewish orchestra. That 
was on April 5th, 1940, and was held at the Park Lane Hotel. We were giving 
definite means of support to that orchestra. At the suggestion of a prominent 
Jew in Germany, I was asked to pick out some moderate Jews in this country 
in an endeavor to stop all this agitation because of the German Jews being expelled. 
I even gave out a statement in this connection, inviting the cooperation of the 
moderate Jews. In addition to all this, I can show you indebtedness to me from 
German Jewish refugees. As far as anti-semitism is concerned in our organiza- 
tion, there is nothing at all of that kind in all of these five men. They are not 
opposed to Jews, and as long as I am with it that goes also. 

In response to a question by Mr. Hurley, both Mr. Siegchrist and Mr. Bauer 
expressed their willingness to come up here at any time, without being subpoenaed. 

It should be noted that certain books and documents which are 
mentioned in the above statements are now in the files of the committee. 

Investigation discloses that the forum was organized for the purpose 
of propagandizing on behalf of Nazi Germany. It has on its mailing 
list the names of influential people throughout the United States who 
received the forum's publication, entitled the "Forum Observer." 
The committee has on file a complete set of these publications. The 


organization is allegedly supported from funds received through 
members by way of membership drives and also gifts from people who 
were supposed to be interested in the aims and achievements of the 
organization. It is significant that the policies of the organization 
were directed strictly by persons of German nationality. The main 
theme of the organization is to arouse American businessmen to think- 
ing about world trade after the war, and as a result of this theme the 
activities of the organization are directed along lines of appeasement 
and a strict nonintervention policy on the part of the United States. 
In addition to the publication the Forum Observer, the organization 
published a pamphlet entitled "Today's Challenger." The com- 
mittee has in its files all copies of the above-mentioned pubhcation, an 
examination of which discloses that it was also used as a propaganda 

It should be noted that George Viereck was a contributing writer. 
However, the oflicers of the organization state that Viereck is no 
longer affihated with them and that he in fact brought suit against 
them on a contract, which suit was later settled in a friendly manner. 
Another contributing editor to the forum was Lawrence Dennis, 
who has been previously mentioned in connection with the investiga- 
tion of Transocean News Service. Dennis wrote a series of articles 
for the publication Today's Challenger. 

Exhibit No. 197 is a letter, under (kite of July 26, 1939, from 
Lawrence Dennis to Dr. Auhagen, which is an indication of the type 
of material that was published in this magazine. 

[Exhibit No. 197 »] 

July 26, 1939. 
Dr. F. Auhagen, 

American Fellowshiip Forum, 

11 West 42nd Street, New York, A'. Y. 

Dear Fritz: I enclose the second article. I have enclosed within pencilled 
blocks a few sections which might be left out of the published piece if you find 
it. necessary to shorten it. 

^^ I think it makes a good series. The third piece on the cures of the crisis will 
link the New Deal, Nazism and Fascism along with the British Recovery measures 
under the Tory Government and state the essential problems of work creation 
and relief which all these solutions have to meet. This, I think, is a swell attack 
on the problem for your purpose. It completely blanks the fire of the Govern- 
ment and Liberal crowd and it will even amuse and please the reactionaries more 
than it annoys them — to have the New Deal linked with Nazism. The big 
point is that it is foolish for a country running one type of unorthodox economy 
to damn Germany, Italy or any other country for running a similar type of 

Sincerel> , 

(signed) Lawrence. 

Exhibit No. 198 is a copy of a communication from Heinrich 
W. G. M. Freiherr von Bothmer to Dr. Auhagen as chairman of the 
American Forum, under date of April 26, 1939. 

[Exhibit No: 198 '] 

Tudor Tower, East Jf2nd Street, April 26, 1939. 

Chairman, Constituting Board or Committee, 

American Fellowship Forum, New York, N'. Y. 

My Dear Chairman: In deference to the value of your time let me send you 
just the briefest of notes. I suggest: 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 13031310. 
3 For facsimile of original, see p. 1311. 


A. The formation of a committee of up to thirty,- of which only up to ten (1/3) 
will have the right to vote and the obligation to be responsible financially for the 

The majority of the members is to serve in an advisory capacity but should 
have the right to move a motion. Motions, however, to be carried only by the 
votes of the members of the financially responsible inner circle. 

The inner "cabinet" may be composed also of men of known German leanings 
and affiliations. The outer shell to serve as a protection in the public eye. 

B. For the inner circle I propose Charles Triller, senior member of the board of 
the New York Philharmonic; and for the outer ring John William Scott, 54 East 
83rd Street, City. Dr. Auhagen, if these men are desired, should pay a personal 
call to Mr. Triller after conferring with me, and write to Mr. Scott. 

C. As title for the coming debate on boycotts I suggest: Economic boycotts,, 
what is there in them for Americans? or The sword of Economic boycotts, whicht 
way does it out sharpest? 

There is more, that I would like to say, but I won't for the reason aforementionedT. 
With every good wish for the success of the. Forum, from 

Heinrich W. G. M. Freiherr von Bothmer. 
Copy of this has been forwarded to Dr. Auhagen. 

Particular attention is directed to the statement in this letter that 
"the inner cabinet may be composed also of men of known Germam 
leanings and affiliations, the outer shell to serve as a protection in the 
public eye." 

Exhibit No. 199 is a copy of a letter from Dr. Edmund Kohl to 
Dr. Auhagen, under date of April 22, 1939. 

[Exhibit No. 199 *] 

Mein lieber Herr Auhagen, 
or better: Dear Auhagen, 
A few more contacts: 
Mr. Henry P. Velte, 

ISSS East 23rd St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Attorney for the German Society. 
Mr. & Mrs. E. Clarke, 

18 East 48th St., New York City. 

Present at meeting, perhaps membership slip has been submitted. She: 

formerly Eva von Nordeck, he American who is very much interested 

in our work. 

Last night gave you everything you wanted, even Medicine. I hope you feel 

better, but please: relax one day every week! Pondering the question of speakers 

I came to the conclusion that Kniepkamp's advice was better than mine: take 

a white man to speak against the boycott. You may even take one from the 

German crowd or Board of Trade, because it should be one of the "other side". 

Everything depends then on the moderator, Mr. Weiss could be one of the panel 

speaker who may speak five full minutes. Otherwise I just feel like mocking 

at our committee. We should now approach a few men, key men, of prominence 

and ask them point blank whether they would join us in a responsible capacity. 

Begin with Eisele, who is willing to do it as he told me. He has plenty friends. 

Put Mr. Graigen on the spot! Tell him to give money and men with money. 

No words! 

Otherwise you may rely on me and also on Kesseler, if I am not mistaken. 
With my best wishes. 
Sincerely yours 

(signed) Edmund F. Kohl. 

It will be recalled that Dr. Kohl was one of the organizers of the 
American Fellowship Forum. This letter is a good indication of the 
tactics employed by the organizers of the Forum to interest the 
members of the organization. Nothing could be more explicit than 
"put Mr. Graigen on the spot! Tell him to give money and meii mt 
money. No words!" 

* For facsimile of original, see p. 1312. 


An examination of the files of the American Fellowship Forum 
discloses the fact that four branch offices were established outside of 
New York City. In Newark, N. J., at room 514, 20 Branford Place, 
a branch was under the du-ection of Emma J. Bareiss, with Otto 
Stiefel, of Newark, as chairman. Officers also included Richard 
Koch, B. F. Meissner, of Shorthills, N. J., Paul Inist of Arlington, 
N. J., and a Mr. Daub. At Springfield, Mass., the organization held 
forth at 10 Bucholz Street, under the direction of Otto Bumiller and 
E. Mangold, of West Springfield, Mass. The branch at Cleveland, 
Ohio, was established under the direction of Otto Fricke. A branch 
was also established in Chicago, at 748 Brampton Street, with F. W. G. 
Heinekcr, chairman, and Bertie Clement, secretary. 

An examination of Dr. Auhagen's banking account reveals the fact 
that toward the latter part of 1938 and the beginning of 1939 Dr. 
Auhagen began to receive, periodically, amounts of money from 

Exhibit No. 200 ^ is a copy of a foreign draft of $400 to the Royal 
Bank of Canada in favor of Dr. Auhagen from a certain Dr. Johannsen 
from Hamburg, Germany, 

Exhibit No. 201* is a copy of the receipt from the Corn Exchange 
Bank & Trust Co. in New York City to the Royal Bank of Canada 
acknowledging receipt of the money from Germany to Auliagen. 

New York, December 30, 1938. 
No. C 199614. 

Agency of the Royal Bank of Canada $400.00 

We have you — Corn Exchange Bank Trust Co. 13 William St New York N. Y. 
herewith our check 

For account of — Your University Branch 113th Street & Broadway, New York 
for account — Dr. Auhagen, N. Y.* By order Dr. Johannsen, Hamburg* Please 
telephone Your Branch Immediatelv*** 

*Four Hundred 00/100. 

Please sign and return attached receipt 1 

Pro Agent. 


As per LTR of Dec. 20 From Deutsche 

Bank, Hamburg 

Further examination of Dr. Auhagen's bank account reveals that 
on February 6, February 23, April 1, Maj' 12, June 20, July 5, August 
4, August 29, 1939, foreign drafts in the amount of $200 each were 
credited to Dr. Auhagen's account through the National City Bank 
of New York b}' order of Dr. Johannsen of Hamburg, Germany. 
Copies of these checks and drafts are mcluded herewith and designated 
as Exhibits Nos. 202-209.^ 

Further investigation discloses that Dr. Johannsen is the sender of 
the afore-mentioned foreign drafts, and that Dr. G. Kurt Johannsen 
maintains offices at 217 Boerse Street, Hamburg, Germany. 

It is significant that Dr. Auhagen's accomit revealed that no further 
foreign drafts were received from Germany after August 30, 1939, at 
which time, or shortly afterwards, Germany entered the present war 
in Europe. It should also be noted that Auhagen was in receipt of 
this money after the Forum began its existence and continuing through 
that period of time when the Forum was most active. 

• For facsimile of original, see p. 1313. 

• For facsimile of original, see p. 1314. 

' For facsimiles of originals, see pp. 1315-1334. 


It will be recalled that Dr. Frederick Kertess was described as being 
one of the incorporators of the American Fellowship Forum. Dr, 
Kertess was served with a committee subpena. A preliminary state- 
ment was taken from Dr. Kertess on September 11. 1940, and is 
included in this report as Exhibit No. 210. 

[Exhibit Xo. 210] 

Voluntary Testiaiony of Dr. Ferdinand A. Kertess, Sept. 11th, 1940 

Q. Please state your fuU name? 

A. Ferdinand A. Kertess. 

Q. Please state your present address? 

A. Briarcliffe Manor, Westchester Countj', Scarborough Road. 

Q. What is your present business? 

A. I am President of the Chemical Marketing Company at 10 East 40th 
Street, New York City. 

Q. Are you a citizen of the United States? 

A. I am a naturalized citizen of the United States. 

Q. Please explain the manner in which you obtained citizenship? 

A. I came to this country in 1923 and lived here up to 1927; then went back to 
Germany for the period 1927 to 1930, returning to this country in 1931, taking out 
my first papers in due course and receiving mj^ naturalization papers in either 
October or November of 1940. 

Q. Please state for the record your background — your educational background 
in Germany? 

A. I went to High School and to the Universities of Bonn and Marbourg, where 
I studied law and chemistrj'. I graduated from Marbourg. 

Q. At the time you came to the United States in 1923, what kind of work did 
you engage in? 

A. The first job I had was in the wall paper trade with Henrj' Bosch & Company 
of New York. After that I was employed bj?^ the American Analine Products Co., 
Inc. After that engagement I was employed by the Rhodia Chemical Co. as 
salesman, selling aromatic chemicals. I went back in 1927 and when I returned I 
first worked as a salesman for P. R. Dreyer and then as salesman for Philip 
Chaleyer, and in 1931 or 1932 was appointed American representative of a German 
Chemical and Metallurgical concern known as Deutsche Gold and Silber Scheide 
Anstalt (Gold and Silver Refining Institute), and I am still their representative, 
and formed a few years ago the Chemical Marketing Company of which I am the 
sole owner. The Deutsche Gold and Silber Scheide Austalt was engaged, up to 
the outbreak of the war, in importing European chemicals originating from 
German and likewise from France, Great Britain, Poland and other European 
countries. After the outbreak of the war the Chemical Marketing Company 
engaged in, and is still engaged in, the exporting of American chemicals to South 
America, and has also taken up the manufacturing of chemical specialties. 

Q. Is your familj' with you in the United States? 

A. My family is. It consists of my wife, Mrs. Kate Kertess — a German 
citizen and two children, born here in this country, their names being Hans, the 
eldest and Klaus, the youngest one. 

Q. In the conduct of your business has it been necessary for j'ou to make 
trips abroad? 

A. I have been over to Europe, since 1931, each and every year, in order to 
keep up the contacts we principal!}" represent in this country. We represent, 
outside of the Deutsche Gold und Silber Scheide Anstalt some eight or nine 
European firms as their selling agents in this country. 

Q. And the trips you took? 

A. Were from New York to Europe and back to New York. 

Q. Are you acquainted with an organization known as the American Fellow- 
ship Forum? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Will you please state whether you are a member of that organization? 

A. Yes, I am a member of that organization. 

Q. Please state for the record the manner in which you became aflSUated with 
that organization? 

A, Through, Dr. Aughagen who I met aboard a ship coming back from Europe 
to the United States, who shortly afterwards sent over Mr. Seigchrist — who you 

p U B I' ^ ^ 



already know about — to solicit my joining the American Fellowship Forum, at 
which time I took out a membership in the American Fellowship Forum. 

Q. At that time were the aims and objects of the Forum explained to you by 
Mr. Seigchrist? 

A. Yes, they were. 

Q. Please state what these aims and objects were? 

A. The aims presented to me were as follows: first, to make democracy work 
cleanly; second, to join a club of decent-thinking people, and third, to try to- 
restore the good relationship between this country and Germany. 

Q. When was it you first joined — approximately? 

A. Some time around the spring of 1939, but I would have to refresh my 
memory on that. 

Q. Did you at that time take an active part in the formation of this organiza- 

A. No, I did not take an active part in the formation of this organization. 

Q. How much did you pay for your membership? 

A. I think it was twenty dollars — I can look it up. 

Q. When did you take an active part in the activities of the organization? 

A. After a very good friend of mine — Dr. Kohl — a friend of many years stand- 
ing, arrived from Philadelphia in New York, and came to my office, and asked me 
to join him more actively with Kohn and Kesseler in the activities of the Ameri- 
can Fellowship Forum. At this meeting with Kohl and Kesseler I agreed to take 
a more active part in their activities. 

Q. Please state what these activities were? 

A. It consisted of meetings between Dr. Kohl, Dr. Kesseler and Dr. Auhagen 
and myself and Mr. Kohn, trying to organized a membership drive and planning 
meetings to be held for the members of the Forum. 

Q. It is a fact, is it not, that the purpose of the organization was to solidify in 
the United States the thoughts and activities of people of German descent along 
the lines of influencing American citizens? 

A. No, there was never any specific aim of collecting the German-American 
element only; men of any nationalit}' were permitted to join, and were solicited 
to join. 

Q. Who were the officers of the organization? 

A. The organization was, of course, in the course of formation at the time when- 
I took a more active part, and the officers were supposed to be elected later and 
put before the membership of the Forum. Up to the time that officers could be 
elected it was up to the gentlemen I mentioned to carry on the business of the 
American Fellowship Forum, and these were, Dr. Auhagen, Dr. Kohl, Dr. Kesseler 
and myself. 

Q. AH of these men are citizens of Germany or of German descent? 

A. Correct. 

Q. What procedure did the Forum, adopt for soliciting members into the 

A. Tie procedure was manifold. First, there was the "Forum Observer", 
published two times a month, sent out to men who we believed would be interested 
in joining us; then there were personal solicitations carried on by the gentlemen 
mentioned, and then Miss Gotthelf was sent out to solicit new members. 

Q. What were the requirement of m.embership? 

A. No requirem.ents of any specific kind except that it was laid down in the 
constitution of the Am.erican Fellowship Forum that not more than ten per-cent. 
were perm.itted to be of alien nationality. 

Q. With regard to the publication entitled "Forum. Observer", it was necessary, 
was it not, to compile a mailing list in order that the publications could be dis- 
seminated to per-sons on that list? 

A. The list consisted only of a list of members. 

Q. What were the dues required of members? 

A. I think the membership fee is from five to fifty dollars — five dollars being the- 
regular membership fee, and I think it was arranged so that some made con- 

Q. With regard to the publication entitled "Forum Observer" being sent to 
various members, were they required to pay for them? 

A. No. There was no charge. 

Q. With regard to the policy laid down or stated in the "Observer" who had 
charge of formulating that policy? 

A. It was carried out by the active Board and put before the membership, 
meetings, whenever they took place. 


Q. Did you take any part in the formulation of the policies of the organization? 

A. Yes, I did. 

Q. It is noticed that in article 11 of your by-laws it is the object of your organ- 
ization to uphold the uncompromising sovereignty of the United States. What 
does the organization and you mean by that — what is your interpretation? 

A. That whatever would be done within the activities of the organization 
would have to conform most strongly and strictly with the constitution of 
American laws. 

Q. Does that particular article also mean that the organization would strive 
to prevent the United States from becoming entangled with any foreign country, 
either from the standpoint of an economic agreement or any treaty? 

A. No sir, it has nothing to do with the constitution of laws. 

Q. Would that mean that the organization would be against any ties that 
pledged aid to anyone outside of the United States? 

A. No, sir. 

Q. Your name does appear at the present time as one of the incorporators of 
the organization? 

A. Correct. 

Q. Together with those of Kohl, Kesseler and Koch? 

A. Dr. Auhagen left the Forum. Dr. Auhagen up to his resignation was the 
sole owner of the registered title of the American Fellowship Forum. When 
his resignation became effective, Dr. Kohl, Dr. Kesseler asked me whether I 
would be ready when the title would be transferred from Dr. Auhagen over to 
them — whether I would be willing to join them as one of those registered as 
owners of the title, the American Fellowship Forum, to which request I agreed. 

Q. Do you know Dr. Mathias Schmitz of the German Library of Information? 

A. No sir. I have never met him and don't know him. 

Q. Do you know Dr. Ernst Schmitz? 

A. No. 

Q. Do you know who they are? 

A. From the newspapers only. Schmitz, I do not even know who that is. I 
saw his nam.e as one of the officials of the German Library in the newspapers. 

Q. Do you know whether or not the Forum exchanges information with any 
other pvibiication in the United States? 

A. No, sir; not to m.y knowledge. 

Q. Is it true that the American Fellowship Forum put out a publication known 
as "Today's Challenge"? 

A. Before I joined the American Fellowship Forum I knew that Dr. Aughagen 
jointly Avith Kohl and Kesseler, incorporated "Today's Challenge", which had 
nothing to do with the Forum and which was before my time I refer this question 
to Kohl and Kesseler. 

Q. Are you acquainted with George Sylvester Viereck? 

A. I never him. I know of his nam.e only from the newspapers. When 1 
joined the Forum. Dr. Kohl stated that he had some lawsuit with Mr. Viereck, 
and that was the first tim,e I heard his name. 

Q. What is the m.embership of the Forum at present. 

A. I am sorry I cannot tell you. The last time I think it was practically 1,000. 

Q. Are you acquainted with the organization, The League of Fromer German 

A. No. I am not acquainted with them. 

Q. Are you affiliated with them in any way? 

A. I am not affiliated with them. 

Q. It is stated that the American Fellowship Forum is an organization which 
is controlled by persons of German descent or German nationality and that the 
purpose of the organization is to disseminate throughout the United States 
literature and alleged propaganda in order to influence the people in the United 
States to take a more sympathetic viewpoint toward the policies of the German 
Reich. What statement do you have to make with regard to that allegation? 

A. I only wish to say, with all due respect, that such an allegation is com- 
pletely ridiculous. No propaganda of German origin has been spread through the 
Forum, its publication or Board or members anywhere, and I can definitely say 
that no one of the co-owners had any such purpose in mind. 

Q. Did you have any knowledge of any action where the policy of the American 
Fellowship Forum was directed in part from any organization that is affiliated 
directly with Germany? 

A. No sir. 

Q. You say when the organization was formed there wasorotHfeo be more than 
ten per-cent foreign born in the membership? /<-f^'~^ r 

274778— 40— pt. 2 8 / V ^ ^ ^,' 


A. Correct- — Not foreign born — foreign citizens are not permitted to be more 
than ten per-cent, that is, ahens or foreign nationals. 

Q. Was there any discussion on this? 

A. The point was first discussed between Doctors Kohl, Kesseler and Koch, 
and Mr. Bauer and mj^self, and stressing the point that the American Fellowship 
Forum in strict loyalt}^ to this country would follow only American policies, and 
does not wish to be influenced by an}"^ foreign element in any direction, 

Q. Was it discussed more than once? 

A. It certainly was. 

Q. At open meetings? 

A. It was discussed at our meetings and membership meetings, and it was 
quite heatedly discussed, although I was not present. 

Q. Do you belong to any other organization besides the Forum? 

A. Nothing whatsoever, neither here or abroad. 

Q. You are not a member of the National Socialist Party? 

A. No, and I never was. 

Q. Have you ever had any friendly or business dealings with the I. G. Chemical 

A. Naturally, because they are in our business also. 

Q. Are you acquainted with any of their e.xecutives? 

A. Yes, in some of the men I have to deal with. 

Q. But that refers particularly to whom? 

A. Dr. Huetz and Dr. Arkelin, and that was on a patent case. 

Q. Are you personally acquainted with the Consul in Washington, Freidehelm 

A. No. 

Q. Have you ever known him? 

A. I met him once. 

Q. What is the nature of the business of the Chemical Marketing Company? 

A. The exportation of chemicals. 

Q. Anything else? 

A. We manufacture a specialty. 

Q. Have you a factory? 

A. Yes — in New Jersey. 

Q. Where is it located? 

A. In May wood. New Jersey. We acquired the May wood Chemical Company — 
we are a sort of company inside a company there. 

Q. Do j'ou pay the wages of the workers there? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Do you have a person in your concern by the name of Heinrich Stiege? 

A. He is a director of Deutsche Gold und Silber Scheide Anstalt, whom I 

Q. Where is he at the present time? 

A. On the high seas. 

Q. Traveling where? 

A. Traveling to Rio de Janeiro. 

Q. What is his affiliation with your Company? 

A. None. 

Q. What is the relationship between you and Heinrich Stiege? 

A. One of the directors of the Deutsche Gold und Silber Anstalt, and since we 
represent them and are licensees of their, Mr. Stiege, on his way from Japan to 
South America, was anxious to see me to discuss business dealings. 

Q. You have quite a bit in South America yourself? 

A. Yes, I certainly have. 

Q. Have you ever traveled in South America? 

A. I have not. 

Investigation discloses that Dr. Kertess paid for the offices used b}' 
the American Fellowsliip Forum, room 2942, West Forty-second 
Street, New York City, by his own personal check. Dr. Kertess is 
the president of Chemical Marketing Co., 10 East Fortieth Street, 
New York City. The Chemical Marketing Co. was incorporated 
May 13, 1935, as the Frank von Kropp & Co., with authorized capital 
of $20,000. On February 17, 1936, the name of the corporation was 
changed to Theodore von Kropp & Co., and on October 9, 1937, the 
present name of the company was adopted. The directors of the 


corporation are Paul Gutschon, Richard Koch, H. Vincent Swart, 
and Dr. Kertess. 

The financial statement of the corporation as of October 31, 1939, 
showed liabiUties of $113,781, and assets of $169,000. Of the liabili- 
ties, some $104,000 was held abroad. Dr. Kertess said that of these 
liabilities $80,000 should be allocated to Germany, and according to 
the statement that he is alleged to have made to his bank this latter 
amount of liabilities should be forgotten during the duration of the 
war. At the outset of the war, the Chemical Clarke ting Co., began 
to receive large orders in Central and South America and apparently 
with the sanction of Germany. These accounts had evidently been 
handled out of Germany previous to the outbreak of the war and 
because of the inability of Germany to make the shipments through 
the English blockade. Dr. Kertess was able to take over these accounts 
with a minimum of sales effort. 

The financial status of the conipan;^ reflects that, due to this increase 
of business from abroad, the Chemical Marketing Co. was able to 
cut down their habiUties from $104,000 to $70,000. 

Dr. Kertess has the reputation of being an able chemist and an 
astute businessman. He became a citizen of the United States just 
a short time ago. His second papers were filed in June 1938. Investi- 
gation discloses that witnesses as to his character were Richard Koch 
and W. Vincent Swart. He received his final papers March 7, 1940, 
at the supreme court, Westchester County, White Plains, N. Y. 

Investigation reveals that Dr. Kertess has made periodical trips to 
Germany from 1934 through 1939. The records reveal the following 
trips were made: May 1934, steamship Deutschland, returned August 
1934, steamship Deutschland; May 1936, steamship Deutschland, 
returned August 1936, steamship Deutschland; August 1937, steamship 
Deutschland, returned September 1937, steamship Deutschland; June 
1938 steamship Hansa, returned October 1938, steamship Hamburg; 
August 1939, steamship Europa, returned September 1939, steamship 
President Roosevelt. 

Investigation reveals that Dr. Kertess has interested himself in 
matters other than the increase of the business of the Chemical 
Marketing Co. and his sponsorship of the American Fellowship 
Forum. He not only travels extensively throughout this country, 
but during the past recent years, has cultivated the friendship of 
persons in large American corporations. Exhibit No. 211 is quite 
revealing as to the activities of Dr. Kertess and Dr. Herbert Gross in 
their mutual desire to be of assistance to the German Government. 

[Exhibit No. 211] 

I, James E. Edmonds, make the following statements to George F. Hurley and 
Harry Pfaltzgraff, having been advised by them they are investigators for the 
Special Committee on Un-American Activities. I make these statements frankly 
and vohmtarily, without any threats or promises having been made to me. 

Questions by Mr. Hurley. 

Q. Will you please state your full name? 

A. James E. Edmonds. 

Q. And your address? 

A. 27 Sixth Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Q. What is your profession? 

A. I am a newspaper man. 

Q. Are you a citizen? 

A. I am a citizen of the United States. 


Q. Please state in some detail your background, from the standpoint of where 
you were born, your education and previous activities? 

A. I am 36 years old and was born in New Orelans, La., on December 6th, 
1903. I attended the Tulane University and the Louisiana State University 
and graduated from neither, leaving instead to continue newspaper which I had 
begun even in my college days. I worked for the Associated Press, Philadelphia 
Public Ledger, United Press, L'Intransigeant and Paris Soir, in New York, 
Pliiladelphia, South America and Europe, over a period covering roughly twenty 
years. Lately I have been employed by the newspaper "P. M." 

Q. With regard to the statements you made on your newspaper activities in 
Europe, will you please state in more detail in which countries you have worked? 

A. I worked primarily and especially in France, particularly in Paris. I 
visited other countries but was primarily in France. I returned to the United 
States in 1913. 

Q. How long have you been in the emploj^ of the newspaper P. M.? 

A. Clo§e-to three months. 

Q. In conjunction with your newspaper activities, did there come a time when 
you were approached by any member of a foreign government to do certain con- 
fidential work for him or for that government? 

A. There did come a time when I was approached by a man who gave his name 
as T. Sato, who claimed to be a special writer for the Domei News Agency, but who 
later I found him to be employed with or an agent of the Japanese Government. 

Q. How did you come to meet Mr. Sato? 

A. I had a story which I sold to Domei News Agency through a man named 
Hagiwara (I do not know his first name), manager of the New York office of that 
news agency. After purchasing this article the manager asked me whether or not 
I would have access to subsequent material of the same sort. I might say here 
that this matter related to certain Russian activities in the Far East. I said 
that I might have. He said, in that case perhaps you would be glad to collaborate 
for a remuneration with one of our special writers here who is gathering material 
concerning communist activities in the United States. I told him perhaps such 
a collaboration was possible, and he said a man — I don't think he mentioned the 
name — would communicate with me during the next few days. Two days later 
Mr. Sato called up and made an appointment with me by telephone. 

Q. Did you thereafter confirm the fact that Mr. Sato was an accredited repre- 
sentative of the Domei News Agency? 

A. I later ascertained, to my own satisfaction, that Mr. Sato had no connection 
whatsoever with the Domei Agency. 

Q. What was the nature of the conversations that Mr. Sato had with you? 

A. He repeated that he was a special writer for the Domei News Agency 
and that he was collecting a series of articles to be printed in Japan on com 
munist activities in the United States and on the various communist links with 
other organizations in the United States. He said that his investigations covered 
great territory and required a great deal of time, and that he could use me and pav 
me for such work as I would do to help him. 

Q. Did you agree at that time to pursue the work? 

A. I did. 

Q. What was the nature of the agreement you had with him as to the prosecu- 
tion of this work? 

A, To have the use of any material that I might gather, but only after he had 
had an opportunity to use it first in Japan. He was to pay me for my time and 
such material as I could furnish, depending upon the amount of time required 
and the work submitted. 

Q. What was the date you first entered a conference with Mr. Sato? 

A. My recollection is in the summer of 1938. 

Q. Did vou thereafter engage upon the work he indicated? 

A. I did. 

Q. For how long a period of time? 

A. I was in touch with Mr. Sato and did some work for him until the summer 
of 1939. 

Q. What was the nature of the work you performed for him? 

A. Strictly what I outlined — investigations of the Communist Party in this 
country, their various connections, as already brought out before the Special 
Committee on Un-American Activities. As a matter of fact, I got a good deal 
of my work from making resumes of the various testimony previously heard by 
the Special Committee on Un-American Activities. I was likewise called upon 
to furnish floor plans of Communist Party headquarters, the Amtorg — the Ameri- 


can-Russian Trading Company, which at that time was located at 261 Fifth 

Q. During the time that you performed this work for Mr. Sato did there ever 
come a time when vou became suspicious of his activities? 

A. I did. 

Q. Please state the cause? 

A. After working for him about one and one-half months, I began to realize 
that his methods were definitely unjournalistic, owing to the fact that he would 
always contrive to meet me in cafes, hotel lobbies, etc, and the fact that he was 
always in the habit of slipping money to me under the table, which led me to 
observe that his general actions were those of a man who had something to fear. 
When I became suspicious I took steps to confirm those suspicions, and ascer- 
tained by a series of telephone calls that he was not in the employ of the Domei 
News Agency but that he was attached to the Japanese Consulate General here 
in New York. 

Q. What evidence can you present at this time which would indicate that 
situation did exist? 

A. I can refer you to the F. B. I., Which has a records of the case, since I imme- 
diately communicated with them after confirming my suspicions, and the F. B. I. 
assigned an agent to the case and photographed Mr. Sato and found out that he 
was an attache of the Japanese Consulate General. 

Q. And did they so advise you? 

A. I was so advised. 

Q. What is the date you first reported this matter to the F. B. I.? 

A. In the late summer or fall of 1938, according to my best recollection. 

Q. Did you ascertain yourself that Mr. Sato was attached to some branch of 
the Japanese Government in New York? 

A. Yes, I did. I telephoned the Japanese Consulate here in New York and 
asked for Mr. Sato, having previously noted that the number which he had 
given me to reach him was but a few digits removed from the switchboard of the 
Japanese Consulate. When I telephoned the Consulate and asked for Mr. Sato 
I was told that there was no Mr. Sato connected with them. I then told the girl, 
is not this such and such a number — repeating the one which he had given me to 
call. She said, no, this is the Japanese Consulate. I said I am calling this num- 
ber and am calling for Mr. Sato. I then v/aited a moment and a few seconds 
later Mr. Sato came on the wire. 

Q. At the time you reported these facts to the F. B. I., what reasons had you 
for believing that Mr. Sato was doing anything other than getting himself, or 
attempting to use you for the purpose of securing information which was not in the 
regular course of journalistic activities? 

A. The telephone call just related had confirmed my suspicions. In view of the 
fact that Mr. Sato had asked me for nothing which was outside of what might be 
considered journalistic activities, at the same time I did not, as an American 
newspaperman, wish to be operating for any foreign agent in this country without 
the knowledge of the federal government. 

Q. After you had so advised the F. B. I. of j'our suspicions, with regard to Mr. 
Sato, did vou keep in touch with the F. B. I.? 

A. I did 

Q. And your association with Mr. Sato terminated? 

A. In the late summer of 1939. 

Q. During the course of your relations with Mr. Sato your statement is that he 
did not at any time require of you any information or work to be performed that 
might be classified as espionage? 

A. He did not. In spite of the fact that at the instance of the F. B, I. I sounded 
him out, he did not appear to be interested in any such activities. He stayed on 
his job here, which he told me was only that of the communist angle, and that 
there were others who took care of other matters. 

Q. Is it your judgement that Mr. Sato employed you because of your contacts 
here in this country? 

A. That is my judgment. 

Q. During the time that you were employed by Mr. Sato, what was the rate of 
5'our compensation? 

A. I should say that for the entire period he paid me in the neighborhood of 
$2,500.00— probably more. 

Q. Did there come a time when Mr. Sato advised you that he could no longer 
keep you on his payroll? 

A. There came a time when Mr. Sato told me that he was returning to Japan 
and, therefore, would have no further personal use for my services. 



Q. Did he at that time suggest to you some other person whom he knew wlio 
would be desirable of employing your services? 

A. He told me in August, 1939, that he would be returning to Japan soon, but 
that if I would be interested in meeting some freind of his ("friend" is the word 
he used precisely) , he would be very happy to put me in touch with him if I wished 
to meet him. He said he felt that I could do some work for him quite well. 

Q. Did you advise him that j^ou would be willing to meet this friend? 

A. He told me he would see about it before he left, but frankly I was not 
particularly interested myself. 

Q. Did there ever come a time when Mr. Sato introduced you to this friend of 

A. Yes. 

Q. Who was he? 

A. Dr. Ferdinand A. Kertess, at that time in the Fred F. French Building at 
551 Fifth Avenue. 

Q. Will you state in some detail the conversation that occurred at the time 
Mr. Sato introduced you to Dr. Kertess? 

A. I would like to make it clear that Mr. Sato did not personally introduce me; 
he merely sent me over and told me that he would be expecting me. 

Q. And you did then subsequentiv go to the office of Dr. Kertess? 

A. I did. 

Q. What was the nature of your conversation with Dr. Kertess? 

A. Dr. Kertess told me that he had heard of me through the German Consulate 
General, who were friends of his. He said that he had some research work he 
would like me to do for a while and wanted to know whether I would be interested. 
I asked the nature of the work and he said it was research work in the New York 
Public Library in connection with the printed formulaes for the manufacture of 
high explosives and gases of one kind and another. I told him that I would be 
very pleased to carry out this work for him. 

Q. At that time were you also in contact ^^ith the F. B. I. as to the new work 
that you were going to pursue? 

A. I did endeavor to get hold of the agent who had previously told me to 
carry out any suggestion or instructions which Mr. Sato had given me — the 
agent being William Humphrey. He was out of town. Inasmuch as I did not 
wish to go ahead with this work without notifying someone, and knowing that 
it would be of more interest to the allies than the United States, I immediately 
got in touch, before contacting Dr. Kertess, with the French and British officials, 
and told them of Mr. Sato's suggestion, and also told them that I would carry 
through merely in order to be able to let them know what Dr. Kertess and his 
friends were after. While telling me that they had no official interest in the 
matter, and could take no official activity in the matter, they did suggest that 
it would be useful to them if I would keep them informed, and this is what I 
agreed to do. 

Q. At the time of your first meeting with Dr. Kertess, when he proposed to 
you the research of material with regard to high explosives, did he state to you 
what purpose he had for the gathering together of such material? 

A. He did not. 

Q. Did he at that time suggest to you what salary or bonus he proposed to 
pav vou for this work? 

A.' He did. 

Q. What was the nature of the salary? 

A. I don't remember the exact amoiant, but he told me that he would draw 
up an agreement which would be mutually protective, and which would seem to 
be an agreement based on the sale by me to him of a chemical formula for the 
manufacture of an explosive. 

Q. At the time of that conversation did you assume that Dr. Kertess was asking 
you to engage in work and would in the future require j'our services for the pur- 
pose of gathering information which is not usually open to newspapermen or to- 
persons in the position of Dr. Kertess? 

A. I did. 

Q. In other words, from the nature of the conversation you gathered the definite 
impression that Dr. Kertess was in reality sounding you out as to the prospect of 
having vou perform work which might be classified as espionage? 

A. I did. 

Q. The particular research work performed at that time was performed at the- 
Public Library? 

A. At the New York Public Library. 



Q. And the information that you presented to Dr. Kertess was information 
that could have been obtained by any person? 

A. Precisely. 

Q. And that fact was known to Dr. Kertess? 

A. It must have been. 

Q. And on the basis of the information that you gathered together you sub- 
mitted to Dr. Kertess a so-called formula? 

A. No. That is not correct. Dr. Kertess himself prepared with me a formula 
which he incorporated in an agreement which he drew up. 

Q. In other words, Dr. Kertess was using this procedure to set it up as an excuse, 
or as a front, for the payment of moneys to you for work which could be performed 
in other fields other than research? 

A. Such is the only explanation I can make. 

Q. When was it that this so-called agreement was entered into? 

A. I think it was in late September of 1939. 

Q. For what period of time did you engage in this so-called research work? 

A. For about a month. 

Q. And during that time you were in frequent contact with Dr. Kertess? 

A. Almost daily. 

Q. Did he appear to be tremendously interested in the progress you were 

A. He seemed primarily interested in two things, first, how well I was able to 
do research work, and secondly, especially in questioning me when I was in his 
office, about my contacts in New York and other parts of the United States. 

Q. How long did it take you to complete this work? 

A. What I was doing could have been kept up indefinitely, but he stopped me. 

Q. You did then subsequently enter into an agreement that was signed by 
both you and Dr. Kertess? 

A. Subsequent to our first meeting, yes. 

Q. After Dr. Kertess had called a halt to your research activities, did he suggest 
anything about other activities that he desired you to engage in? 

A. He told me he had some friends — he always used the word "friends" — who 
would be very interested in some information I might be able to obtain through 
certain of the contacts I had previously mentioned to him. 

Q. Did he suggest you meet some of these friends? 

A. He did. 

Q. And did vou? 

A. I did. 

Q. Who were they? 

A. There was Dr. Herbert Gross, who has an office at 1775 Broadway, New 
York City, on the eighth floor. 

Q. What was the approximate date you first saw Dr. Gross? 

A. It was in, I should say, early October, 1939, after I had again contacted 
British and French authorities. 

Q. Up to the time you first met Dr. Gross, how much money did Dr. Kertess 
pay you? 

A. In the neighborhood of between $700.00 and $800.00. 

Q. Was it your understanding that the money you had been receiving amount- 
ing to between, as you say, $700.00 and $800.00 — was for research wotk or was it 
rather a build-up process on the part of Dr. Kertess? 

A. I am quite sure it was a build-up process. 

Q. In other words, the information you had transmitted to Dr. Kertess was not, 
in your judgment, worth $700.00 to $800.00? 

A. It was worth roughly $10.00. 

Q. At the time Dr. Kertess suggested you see Dr. Gross did he intimate or 
suggest, directly or indirectly, that Dr. Gross would also pay you certain monevs? 

A. He did. _ 

Q. Was he in any respect definite either with regard to the payment of moneys 
or the nature of the duties you would be required to pursue? 

A. No. 

Q. What did Dr. Kertess state? 

A. He stated tliat since I had, as I told him, friends in French and British 
official offices in New York, that I could undoubtedly find out for his associates 
certain informations in regard to convoy movements and shipping movements of 
British and Frenc-h purchases in this country, and said that Dr. Gross would pay 
for such information. He said that he was sending me to Dr. Gross because 
Dr. Gross was an agent of the German Government who was handling matters 


of that sort, and because since Dr. Gross was operating a news agency in New York 
it would serve as a i)erfect front, as he described it, for my visits to Dr. Gross. 

Q. At the time that Dr. Kertess sent you over to Dr. Gross, did he leave with 
you the impression that he, Dr. Kertess, would utilize your services in the future 
after you had contacted Dr. Gross? 

A. No. I gathered the impression that although working for Dr. Gross, 
actually I was continuing to work for Dr. Kertess. 

Q. At the time of your first visit to Dr. Gross, will you state in detail the 
substance of your conversation? 

A. Dr. Gross said that he had lieard of me; that he knew of my contacts; that 
he had been instructed to receive me and receive certain reports from me, which 
he in turn would transmit to, what he called, the proper authorities, such reports 
as he understood them to be relative to British and French convoys and such 
other information regarding British and French shipping that I might be able 
to get. He said the reports would be taken from me, would be studied and 
evalued and subsequently, prol)ably within a period of ten days to two weeks, 
I would be paid for the information according to what it was worth. I told him 
that this was definitely unsatisfactory, because it had Ijeen suggested to me by 
both the F. B. I. and the British and French connections that I should, in dealing 
with these people, stress the fact that I was out for all the money that I could 
get. Dr. Gross said he could not alter the arrangements, but suggested that I 
go back to Dr. Kertess which I immediately did. 

Q. And what was the conversation with Dr. Kertess? 

A. Dr. Kertess said there had been a slip-up in the arrangements somewhere, 
and he immediately picked up the telephone and held a conversation in German — 
which I did not understand. He then turned to me and said everything had been 
taken care of now. He said, "go back to Dr. Gross tomorrow and everything 
will be satisfactory; you will be paid when you secure the information and a 
bonus will later be paid to you." I went back to Dr. Gross's office the next day. 

Q. Did he reiterate the statements of Dr. Kertess? 

A. He did. 

Q. Was there any definite determination of the amounts he was to pay you? 

A. He suggested it would vary from day to day, but that it would be in the 
neighborhood of S50.00 for any information I brought in, plus a bonus. It was 
suggested to me, both then and sulxsequently, by both Dr. and Dr. Gross, 
that the total paid to me for a period of an}' one month, providing the informations 
were forthcoming, would be in the neighl)orhood of $400.00. 

Q. Then the line of information that Dr. Gross suggested you i)ursue was to 
secure information regarding the convoying of boats for the Allies? 

A. That is correct. 

Q. Were you required to do any traveling in order to ascertain this information? 

A. Not at that time. 

Q. Did you subsequently make reports to Dr. Gross? 

A. I subsequently made reports from time to time in order to keep my con- 
tacts. These reports were carefully fornuilated in conjunction with my French 
and British associates in such a way as to seem to be entirely authentic, but which 
actually were of no use to them. 

Q. Did Dr. Gross pav vou for this? 

A. He did. 

Q. How much money? 

A. Between the period of October and February, 1940, I should imagine that 
Dr. Gross and Dr. Kertess, between them, paid me in the neighborhood of 
perhaps $1,000.00. 

Q. With regard to the first payments that Dr. Kertess made to you, mentioned 
previously to have been in the neighborhood of $800.00, in what form was the 
money paid? 

A. He paid me by his personal check. 

Q. With regard to the payments paid for the period of October, 1939, to Feb- 
ruary, 1940, by Dr. Gross, what form did these payments take? 

A. Always in cash. 

Q. In other words. Dr. Kertess had always paid you with a check, whereas Dr. 
Gross paid you in cash? 

A. That is correct. 

Q. It is therefore your statement that for the period of October, 1939, to 
February, 1940, you were paid by both Dr. Gross and Dr. Kertess the sum of 
approximately $1,000.00? 

A. That is my recollection. 


Q. What proportion of that $1,000.00 was paid in cash by Dr. Gross? 

A. Probably about a half. 

Q. At the time that you would make your report to Dr. Gross would you also 
submit a report to Dr. Kertess? 

A. Not alwaj's. 

Q. But there were occasions when you reported some information to both 

A. That is correct, because frequently I took my reports to Dr. Kertess prior 
to taking them to Dr. Gross. 

Q. From your dealings with Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross did you arrive at the 
conclusion that Dr. Gross was subordinate to Dr. Kertess? 

A. I did. 

Q. As a result of your dealings with Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross did you receive 
any information which led you to believe that either one of these men had other 
operators in their employ? 

A, About Dr. Kertess I cannot say definitely, although it is my impression. 
But about Dr. Gross I can be specific, because he told me and mentioned to me 
on several occasions that I was one of a number that made reports to him. 

Q. Did Dr. Gross state to you definitely that the information you received 
would be submitted to the German authorities? 

A. He did. 

Q. Did Dr. Kertess make a like statement? 

A. He did. As a matter of fact, both Dr. Gross and Dr. Kertess told me that 
the information which I submitted to them went to the German Naval Attache 
in Washington, D. C., through the German Consulate in New York. 

Q. At any time did either Dr. Gross or Dr. Kertess warn you with regard to 
your activities, and advise you as to the manner in which you should conduct 
yourself in case you came under suspicion of any of the authorities in the United 

A. Yes. They suggested to me that I could always state that I was engaged 
in perfectly legitimate newspaper activities in contacting Dr. Gross since I could 
say I was doing articles for him. As a matter of fact it was suggested that I 
submit an article on American politics, finances, etc. copying the material there- 
fore from any newspaper I chose, in order that it could be kept on file to show 
what I was being paid for. But 1 never submitted any article. 

Q. In other words, all the information that you submitted to Dr. Gross was the 
result of a request that he had made to you? 

A. Definitely. 

Q. And that information dealt with matters that clearly fall within the cate- 
gory of espionage? 

A. In my opinion. 

Q. Did there come a time when either Dr. Kertess or Dr. Gross suggested to 
you, or requested of you, that you travel outside the continental limits of the 
United States for the purpose of securing information for them? 

A. May I amiolify my answer on this. In January, 1940, 1 was approached by a 
representative from Canada of the British Intelligence, to whom reports of my 
connections and activities had been transmitted. This agent of the British Ins 
telligence said that it was rather useless to try to ensnare Dr. Kertess or Dr. Gros- 
in the United States, and that that would be of comparatively little use to the 
Allies. He suggested, however, that it might be exceedingly useful if I could 
establish the link between the Canadian espionage activities on behalf of Germany 
and the German authorities in the United States. He suggested that if I were 
willing to take the risk we might endeavor to locate and identify that link in 
Canada. He suggested to me, therefore, that if I were willing, which I told him 
I was, that I suggest to Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross that I be given an opportunity 
to make a trip to Canada, supposedly under British auspices, and while there I 
could easily find out a great deal more about the convoy movements which would 
be essential to the Germans in this country. It was the plan that upon reaching 
Canada I would be closely watched by the British authorities and would be in 
close contact with them, and, therefore, would easily be able to point out to them, 
or they themselves would see any person who approached me in Canada on be- 
half of the German Government, for the purpose of getting information from me. 
I went to Dr. Kertess with this suggestion, telling him that I was going to Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, for a British Syndicate, to do a series of articles about Canadian 
participation in the war. I told him further, as I had been instructed, that since 
I would be there under the auspices of the Canadian Defense Commissioner that 
I would have every opportunity to see far more than the average visitor to Halifax. 


I told them further, as instructed, that I would not, under any circumstances, 
bring back any further information across the border, and therefore it would be 
necessary for me to be contacted by some agent of theirs who could transmit the 
information to the proper authorities. Dr. Kertess listened to my storj'^ and 
thought it an excellent plan, and told me to go over and see Dr. Gross about it 
the following day, when arrangements would be made. I went to Dr. Gross the 
following day, when arrangements would be made. I went to Dr. Gross the 
following day and he agreed it was an excellent idea. However, Dr. Gross did not 
agree on one thing which I had been instructed to insist upon, and that was that 
expense money be given to me in advance by the Germans, because the British 
Intelligence had said if they give you money to go there they will not care to lose 
that money. I told Dr. Gross that I would not be able to make the trip unless I 
received the money in advance, but ho stated there was nothing he could do about 
it and suggested that I go and see Dr. Kertess, and I immediately went to Dr. 
Kertess and told him. 

He again stated in words to the eflfcct that these people were stupid, and en- 
deavored to make a telephone call, but was evidently unable to contact the party 
he wanted. He asked me when I wanted to go and I told liim iniTnediately. 
He said, "I cannot contact this man — Gross's chief", were tlie exact W'ords he 
used. "However", he said, "I will give you some money now, and I am going to 
Washington tomorrow and will see Gross's chief and will make the necessary 
arrangements with him. You will receive additional money from us in Halifax 
and you will be contacted there for tlie information." He then gave me a check 
for $100.00 but took from me the address at whicli I could be reached in Halifax, 
which was the Xova Scotian Hotel. On the following day, which was approxi- 
mately Feby. 1, 1940, after consultation with the British Intelligence agent, and 
making definite arrangements with him for my contact in Halifax, I left for 

Q. Did Dr. Gross know that yon had received $100.00 from Dr. Kertess as 
advance money for the purpose of making the trip? 

A. No, because Dr. Kertess told me that Dr. Gross would find out in due 
course, and told me further to make my report on my return to him and not to 
Dr. Gross. 

Q. At the time you left for Halifax what instructions did Dr. Kertess give 3'ou 
with regard to the type of information that you should secure in Halifax? 

A. He was very specific. He said that I should find out how the convoys were 
protected; w-hat type of ships were used; how many ships constituted the average 
convoy; dates of their departure, and that he would like to have as much infor- 
mation as possible with regard to the defenses of Halifax. 

Q. Did he suggest to j'ou the manner in which this information would be 
transmitted to either him or to some repref-entative of the German Government? 

A. No. He merely stated that I would be approached by someone in Halifax 
who would make himself known to me. I might add that this individual who 
was to so approach me would identify himself through the use of Dr. Kertess's 

Q. Did Dr. Gross know that you were going to Halifax? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Did he give you any instructions? 

A. No, because I never saw him until after I returned from Halifax and sub- 
sequent to the time I received the money and instructions from Dr. Kertess. 

Q. Did Dr. Kertess state definitely that after you got to Halifax you would 
receive additional funds? 

A. He did. 

Q. Did he state the manner in which these funds were to be transmitted? 

A. No. He did not. 

Q. Was it your assumption that those funds would be transmitted to you by 
the person you were going to meet in Halifax? 

A. Either through him or by telegraph from the United States. 

Q. You then proceeded to Halifax? 

A. I did. 

Q. How long were you there? 

A. Three weeks. 

Q. During the time that you were in Halifax were you ever approaced by any 
individual who identified himself as a German agent? 

A, I was not. 

Q. Did you ever receive any information at all from Dr. Kertess while jou 
were there? 



A. I did not. 

Q. Did you attempt to contact Dr. Kertess while you were there? 

A. I did not. 

Q. Who suggested that you return to the United States after your three weeks 
stay there? 

A. The British authorities. They felt that for me to stay any longer m Halifax 
without having received further money from any German sources would create 
a definite suspicion in the minds of the Germans, and they suggested that I 
return since obviously I was not going to be contacted by any German agent 
in Halifax. 

Q. You returned then to the United States some time toward the latter part 
of February, 1940. 

A. That is correct. 

Q. What procedure did you adopt then? 

A. I had been told upon my return to go immediately to see Dr. Kertess, and 
to raise a row because he had failed to keep his promise, and to tell him, however, 
that I had managed to bring out some information which would be of interest to 
him, although, naturally, this was not as extensive as it would have been had I 
been contacted in Halifax, because I had been a little afraid to bring out all this in- 
formation across the frontier. I immediately went to see Dr. Kertess, and, as in- 
structed, complained bitterly about his failure to keep his promise, and said I 
had information for a report — the information having been previously given to 
me for transmission to him by the British Intelligence. 

Q. What was the attitude of Dr. Kertess? 

A. Apologetic. He said that Washington was afraid to take the risk of con- 
tacting me in Halifax, and that they were further afraid to send me additional 
money by telegraph for fear of the British authorities tracing it to them. 

Q. Was he anxious to secure from you a complete report of your activities, 

A. He was. 

Q. Did you render such a report? 

A. I did. 

Q. Did he pay you? 

A. He did. 

Q. What was the amount he paid you? 

A, In the neighborhood of $250.00. 

Q. Did that include the amount of expenses incurred by you in Canada? 

A. It didn't include the original $100.00. 

Q. In other words, Dr. Kertess paid you the sum of $350.00 for your trip to 
Halifax, the expenses you incurred there and for the rendition of your report? 

A. Yes. 

Q. After your return from Halifax did you discuss your findings with Dr. 

A. I did. 

Q. What statement did he make with regard to the situation? 

A. He stated that the Naval Attache at Washington had been highly pleased 
by the information which I had given. 

Q. Meaning your report from Halifax that you had given to Dr. Kertess? 

A, Yes. 

Q. Was there any intimation at that time that either Dr. Kertess or Dr. Gross 
would desire that you again visit Canada for the purpose of securing further 

A. There was a suggestion that subsequently they might wish me to return to 
Canada during the year, but no specific time was mentioned. 

Q. Did Dr. Kertess at the time of the rendition of your report state to you, 
directly or indirectly, that the information you had secured would be forwarded 
to Washington? 

A. He stated so definitely. He stated that he was going to take it to Wash- 
ington himself on the following day, which would be approximately March 1, 1940. 

Q. As a result of the report submitted to Dr. Kertess, did he state that he 
certainly would require your services in the future? 

A. He did. 

Q. When was the next time you saw Dr. Kertess after March 1, 1940? 

A. I was in rather close contact with him regularly up to recently. 

Q. What work was requested of you by either Dr. Kertess or Dr. Gross after 
.your Halifax trip? 


A. They continued to be interested in the so-called convoy reports which 1 
gave them from time to time. I maintained contact with them less frequently 
than in the past, following out the advice from my British connections, but in 
April, 1940, when it was announced officially that Britain was going to establish 
a convoy base at Bermuda, approximatelj' Maj' 1st, both Dr. Gross and Dr. Kertess 
asked me if I would be willing to go to Bermuda and make a report on the British 
defenses and the Bermuda convoy movements similar to that I made in Halifax. 
I told both of them that I would have to see what arrangements I could make 
because I wanted the time to consult with the British connections to see whether 
they would be interested in my making this trip. I later asked them that, in the 
event of my agreeing to make the trip, whether I could be contacted by some 
German agent in Bermuda for any information I might be able to secure, and was 
told that they did not have any such agent there who could contact me. I then 
reported this situation to my British connections and upon their statement to me 
that they thought the trip would be dangerous, I told Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross 
that I did not wish to go through with this assignment. Gross then suggested to 
me that I might be able to make some arrangement with some employee of the 
Pan-American Airways who would make regular trips to Bermuda and who, 
therefore, might become possessed of valuable information for the Germans. 
This also I reported to the British authorities, and they told me to tell Dr. Kertess 
and Dr. Gross that it would be too dangerous and I would rather not make such 
an offer. Dr. Gross wanted me, I should make it clear, to try to bribe any em- 
ployee of Pan-American Airways who might be susceptible to a bribe to furnish 
such information. 

Q. From the time that you returned from Halifax and up until the present time, 
how much money have vou received from Dr. Kertess or Dr. Gross approximately? 

A. I should say about $700.00. 

Q. And that money was received as a result of the reports that you had made to 
both Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross? 

A. That is correct. 

Q. What were the nature of your reports submitted to them? 

A. They were similar to the report which I submitted to them after my Halifax 
trip, having to do with convoys and shipping, but the reports in recent months 
have been very sparse. 

Q. In addition to information on the convoying to the allies of material was 
there any other specific request that Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross made? 

A. Yes. The request was made that I ascertain through any contacts I might 
have the nature of all British contracts in this country, the quantities, the delivery 
dates and the exact locations of the plants at which these contacts were to be 
turned out. 

Q. Have j'ou submitted any report along those lines? 

A. I have not. 

Q. Did both Dr. Kertess and Dr. Grcss make this latter request to you? 

A. They did. I will amplify this answer in this way. Dr. Kertess had been 
telling me for the past one and a half months that he was working on another big 
assignment for me, that is to say, working out the details. Only two weeks ago 
he finally told me that he had an assignment ready for me. He told me the.nature 
of the assignment and told me I was again to see Dr. Gross with regard to this 
matter, and I did see Dr. Gross and he repeated the terms of the assignment, 
which I have- just stated to you. 

Q. In other words then, the last request that you have received from both 
Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross was for you to gather together all information that you 
could get with regard to contracts which are in process in the United States for 
the purpose of supplying munitions and defense materials to the British? 

A. That is correct. 

Q. Did you suggest to Dr. Kertess and Dr. Gross that such an assignment 
would require travelling? 

A. No. 

Q. Did Dr. Kertess ever ask you to perform any favor for him with any of the 
contacts you might have which would help his commercial business? 

A. He did. 

Q. What was it? 

A. He asked me two favors. One, around March or April, just before the Gor- 
man drive into Holland, if it was possible for me to help him to get some chemical 
shipments through the British blockade. I said I would try, and, of course, 
promptly notified the British of his request, so that if it were not already there 
it could l)e added to their blacklist. 


Q. In the course of your statement, Mr. Edmonds, you have stated that you 
were in close contact with the British and French authorities. Were you paid 
any money for that service? 

A. I was not. I never asked for any and never received any. 

I hereby affirm that the statements made by me, and contained in the attached 
twenty-one (21) pages are true and correct to the best of my knowledge and 

Signed James E. Edmonds. 

Sworn to before me, a Notary Public, this 28th day of October, 1940. 

Signed John J. Olear, Jr. 

[sealJ John J. Olear, Jr., 

Notary Public N. Y. Co. No. 95, Reg. No. 1-0-97. 

Commission Expires March 30, 1941. 

Dr. Kertess was served with a subpena duces tecum, requiring the 
production of his business records. Among these records was a 
checkbook, and the following exhibits, Nos. 212-219,* reveal that 
Dr. Kertess from March 11 to June 14, 1940, paid James E. Edmonds 
the sum of $750, which fact substantiates the allegations made by 
Edmonds in the above aworn statement. 

Exhibit No. 220 ^ is a copy of a statement rendered James Edmonds 
by the Canadian National Railroads for his hotel bill wliile at Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, again substantiatmg the sworn testimony of Edmonds. 

Exhibit No. 221 ^^ is a statement submitted on February 24, 1940, 
to James Edmonds by the Canadian National Railroads, showing the 
payrnent of $50 to the railroads for expenses incurred on his trip to 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, likewise substantiating the facts contained in 
his sworn statement. 

8 For facsimile of original, see p. 1335-1338. 
» For facsimile of original, see p. 1339. 
'" For facsimile of original; see p. 1340. 


Up to this point the investigations in the New York area were 
directed toward the activities of the Transocean News Service, the 
German Librarj- of Information, the German Railroads Information 
Office, and the American Fellowship Forum, together with the indi- 
vidual activities of Dr. Auhagen and Dr. Frederick Kertess. As a 
result of these investigations, it became apparent that the activities 
of the German Government in this country were not devoted solely 
toward propaganda and so-called military espionage, but also reflect 
the fact that the German Government over a period of years has 
been engaged in the far-sighted polic}^ of penetrating into the economic 
structure of this countr}^ and tliose of Central and South America. 
It is true that the evidence before this committee up until the present 
time is not all conclusive. 

It must be kept in mind that this investigation of the aspect of 
German activities was pursued in a collateral fashion. 

Dr. Ferdinand A. Kertess is an American citizen. His firm, the 
Chemical Marketing Co., is classified as an American concern. The 
evidence in the possession of the committee, however, discloses that 
Dr. Kertess and his firm have, and, are engaged in activities which 
tend to show that their allegiance to the Nazi government is of prinif^ 
importance, to the exclusion of any other country. The following 
exhibit No. 222 is introduced at this point. 

[Exhibit N'o. 222 '] 

Degussa, Frankfort on Alain. 
Schlosser: Hope you are well again. Your number 22. Together with 
friends ready for war. After careful consideration convinced able to protect 
interest step'by step including low percentage. 

German Gold and Silver — Scheide Anstall. 

Particular attention is drawn to the fact that this cable was sent 
by Dr. Kertess on Maj' 4, 1939, at least 4 months prior to the time 
that Germany declared war. Here we have the picture of an Ameri- 
can concern even at that early date making the statement; "together 
with friends ready for war." The questions that naturally arise are 
how^ did Kertess know that war was so imminent, and secondly why 
wa-s it necessary to advise Germany at least 4 months prior to the 
outbreak of war that Kertess felt that he could handle the interests 
of Germany in the Western Hemisphere so satisfactorilj'-? 

It is quite evident that Dr. Kertess, although now a naturalized 
American citizen, plays a leading part in helping the Nazi government 
to achieve its purpose. The following statement is quoted from that 
taken from a witness who appeared before representatives of the 
committee: (For obvious reasons his name is not being disclosed at the 
present time.) 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1341. 


This Dr, Kertess is coniiected with quite a number of interests in this country, 
and in reference to this Mr. W. — he mentioned the Barrium Steel Company that 
is mixed up with the Sisto Financial Corporation, whose head is involved in a 
controversy with the S. C. C. When the connections were established, Mr. W. 
said that he could get the money he required but he said this is Gernam Govern- 
ment money and of course cannot be taken as such until after the war, which 
incidentally he inferred would be over quite soon. In the meantime, however, the 
money will have to be taken from a subsidiary agency and he said in this case it 
would be the Chemical Marketing Company. 

This witness further testified: 

Mr. W. than asked me if I would like to meet his people and when I agreed, he 
called the Chemical Marketing Company and it was arranged that I should see 
Dr. Kertess on the next succeeding day. Mr. W. replied that the matter of 
money would surely be taken care of and he admonished me to be sure and be on 
time as the Doctor was a very important man and should not be delayed in making 
any appointments. 

This particular witness had succeeded in fabricating an alloy of 
aluminum, which if he could show could be successfully produced 
would be of immense assistance to the United States Government in 
producing implements of defense. Dr, Kertess and his intermediary, 
Mr. W., had ascertained that the witness had successfully fabricated 
this alloy, and they were taking immediate steps to insure the fact 
that they controlled the production of the same. 

Among the documents which were in the files of Dr. Kertess were 
a number of communications to and from various people in Germany 
who were presumably connected with the Deutche Gold und Silver 
Scheide Anstalt. These communications reflect the fact that Dr. 
Kertess was vmder instructions from Berlin to arrange for export 
agreements and concessions dealing with alleged deliveries of goods 
from Geraiany to American and South American concerns. The 
letters reflect, to some degree, the extent to which Berlin has been 
able to maintain control over certain aspects of the economic structure 
of the United States and Central and South America. 

Exhibit No. 223 is a communication from Dr. Kertess to Siebert 
G. M. B. H. Hanau. 

[Exhibit No. 223 ^ 

July 23, 1940. 
Siebert, G. M. B. H. Hanau 

In connection with yesterday's call (probably telephone call) of Mr. Schmidt 
I asked him to tell j'ou that your cable requesting the proposal of an export 
agreement could be designed only to make the situation as good as impossible. 

Will you please, first of all, remember for the "nth" time that it is most highly 
undesirable to use Western Union: every single telegram of this cable company 
goes through the British censor. 

Will you please realize what it would mean if we actually should carry out 
your wishes and as the Chemical Marketing Company enter into an export con- 
cession upon the basis of a cable from Zurich which did not even come from Zurich, 
but from Hanau — an utter impossibility. It appears that you are still unaware 
of the fact that even here there is control (censorship) of transatlantic telephone 
communications, the cable, and occasionally of the mails, especially of firms that 
work with German houses. 

It would be utterly foolish even to attempt to make an export concession for it 
never would be entered into. Deliveries (contracts?) to you in the past appear 
to have caused you to assume this possibility as natural, although I can now assure 
you that it has been a damned clever performance to make deliveries (or contracts) 
for you as we have been compelled to do it, and you can imagine that even that 
possibility would be destroyed by such highly incautious cables such as yours. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1332, 


In the meantime Alexander will undoubtedly have advised you of the modus 
(modus operandi?). For the future it will suffice if in your cables you will restrict 
your inquiries to a specification of the product and the quantity. If we approve 
your offers it will be sufficient in your response, should you desire to buy, to 
cable back "j'es" and authorize your Zurich friends to assign (authorize pay- 
ment) as before, the amount involved in your cable, to our account at the Irving 
Trust Company. 

I certainly hope that all these matters are now clear. 

FAK/ef . . 

It is quite evident that Dr. Kertess and the Chemical Marketing 
Co. were very anxious to conceal the manner in wliich they were 
carrying on their business activities. Note the phrase, "although I 
can now assure you that it has been a damned clever performance to 
make deliveries." 

Exhibit No. 224 is a communication from Berlin to Dr. Kertess in 
New York, under date of June 8, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 224 a] 

June 8, 1940. 
[Copy via Air Mail] 

Dr. F. A. Kertess, 

10 East 40th St., New York. 

Dear Dr. Kertess: I attach a great deal of importance to the transmittal of 
the enclosed conmiunication #64 through my ofOce. 

The considerations which moved us to .send Mr. Stiege, he will explain to you in 
detail. I have instructed him that I do not think it necessary or perhaps even 
desirable for him to appear officially either in Wilmington or in Niagara Falls, and 
for this reason we have not announced his probable arrival either there or at any 
other place. I have requested Mr. Stiege to make his decision about this only 
after consultations with you. However, I wish you would take up all pending 
matters, including those mentioned in #64 regardless of Mr. Stiege's visit, since 
under the prevailing circumstances it is not possible at the moment to determine 
whether this trip will be made or at exactly what time it may eventually get Mr. 
Stiege to N. Y. Therefore, I hope you won't let anything remain in suspense 
because of it. 

I have gone very carefully into the difficult financial problems with Mr. Stiege, 
which at present constitutes the subject matter of an exchange of cables. I want 
to add at this point that I am giving great personal attention and devoting all 
my available energy to just this matter in order that you may regard it as unalter- 
able so that in consideration of the money limitations that have been imposed 
upon us we do not exceed any of them. We are at present in intensive negotiation 
with the authorities, and should properly conduct ourselves in accordance with 
their decisions. 

Attention is directed to the last statement in the above exhibit: 
"We are at present in intensive negotiation with the authorities, and 
should properly conduct oui-selves in accordance with their decisions." 

Exhibit No. 225 is a communication from Berlin to Dr. Kertess 
under date of Jinie 24, 1940, enclosing observations on a certain letter 
concerning Ho Oo in America. 

[Exhibit No. 225 <] 

June 24, 1940. 
Dr. F. A. Kertess. 

Dear Dr. Kertess: Herewith a memorandum on the subject of H2 O2 (South 
America) wheat, because of a communication from Schering I dictated very 
hurriedly in the presence of Mr. Schmidt. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1343. 

* For facsimile of original, see p. 1 344-1346. 



As is apparant from the introduction (into the situation) of Dr. Weltzien 
we cannot disregard entirely the claims of Schering, for it has the authorization 
to operate in Argentina. But we attach much weight to your continuance in a 
definitive role for us in our relations with Dupont. There could be no objection 
if you could arrange to have CMC make a profit on Dupont deliveries (contracts 
or purchases) so long as no general undesirable situation develops. It would be 
far more difficult to justify the interposition of Prohwein, since neither he nor we 
have any claim to participate in the sale of H2 O2 in South America. 

This letter is intended merely to put on notice and closes with the hope that you 
do nothing prior to the visit of Dr. Weltzien before you hear again from Mr. 
Schmidt. Should Dr. Weltzien appear in the meantime you will at least be in 
the picture. 


June 24, 1940. 

Observations on the Letter of Schering, of June 22, 1940, Concerning 

H2 O2 IN America 

1. There is no doubt that under the terms of the Convention Schering is exclu- 
sively entitled to operate in Argentina. This fundamental principle of the Con- 
vention must not be disturbed by any war measure. 

2. The Institute does not itself intend to interpose or to permit (or authorize) 
any of its aids in South America or in the U. S. A. to interfere with this funda- 
mental principle. 

3. But from previous correspondence the extent to which the Institute has 
shelved its own interests in its important relations with Dupont for the purpose 
of protecting the interests of the Convention must be clear to all the friends of 
the Convention. As a result of this the Institute has been able to have Dupont 
resist all inducement of Duperial to erect its own plant during the war period; 
and even to suspend the delivery of H2 O2 in South America, which, in passing 
it has started to engage in, following the example set by Becco. Because of this 
it is utterly impossible for the Institute to release to Dupont deliveries for South 
America through anyone other than Dr. Kertess, their proxy, who has conducted 
all negotiations. Although these considerations are purely tactical they are of 
the utmost weight; the element of profit must be kept strictly in the background. 

4. The Institute directs attention to the fact that Dupont is keenly sensitive 
to everything that might point even remotely to an international agreement — 
especially if it relate to export — particularly at this time of war. We therefore 
recommend that the interposition of Dupont, occasioned by war, in deliveries to 
South America be effected through Dr. Kertess who on the one hand is known 
as our representative (proxy), who was introduced in that capacity, but who, at 
the same time, in his capacity as an American citizen and as the owner of an 
American business is entirely unencumbered. For us and for the Convention 
Dr. Kertess could assume the mutual function of establishing with Becco a set 
of regulations to govern deliveries to South America during the war period with- 
out disturbing Dupont — for example the arrangement of an equal division of the 
market — a most delicate matter. 

5. The Institute naturally cannot object in the slightest to the interposition 
of Dr. Weltzien, but accepts the arrangement in the spirit of the fundamental 
concession that Schering is entitled to Latin America with the exception of Brazil. 
But we are compelled to request most emphatically that most careful! considera- 
tion be accorded the existing situation as reflected in our oft-repeated expressions 
concerning the role of Dr. Kertess in our relations with Dupont. 

We believe that our objective would be reached most expeditiously if Dr. 
Weltzien would confer with Dr. Kertess, whom we would give appropriate in- 
structions. On our part — bearing always in mind our tactical position with 
Dupont — we anticipate being able to join in any agreement which these gentle- 
men might reach. The role played by Aavau in relation to the South American 
business during the past as well as its conduct in the future war period is not to 
be considered in this connection. The undersigned suggests most urgently that 
the advantages to be gained in the handling of Aavau should not be ignored and 
that the error of regarding Aavau depreciatingly should not be committed. Such 
advantages as may be secured can be reconciled by maintaining the interests of 
the other members of the Convention in the course of time. 

274778— 40— pt. 2 9 ^ 


Attention is directed to section 4 in the observations, in winch it is 

We therefore recommend that the interposition of Dupont, occasioned by war, 
in deliveries to South America be effected through Dr. Kertess who on the one 
hand is known as our representative, who was introduced in that capacity, but 
who, at the same time, in his capacity as an American citizen and as the owner 
of an American business is entirely unencumbered. For us and for the Conven- 
tion Dr. Kertess could assume the mutual function of establishing with Becco a 
set of regulations to govern deliveries to South America during the war period 
without disturbing Dupont — for example the arrangement of an equal division of 
the market — a most delicate matter. 

E.xhibit No. 266 is a communication from Berlin to Dr. Kertess under date of 
June 24, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 226 «] 

June 24, 1940. 
Dr. F. A. Kertess. 

Dear Dr. Kertess: To your number 44 I can say only "the writer is mistaken", 
which is undoubtedly attributable to distance and one-sided information. 

I am convinced that the Pacadon business is in the best of hands while Mr. 
Hirtes has it and that there is no occasion to discuss it with him at random (?). 
But under any circumstance your letter certainly would not be suitable, for it 
would only occasion dissent and that for me would be the most imdesirable 
thing that could happen between you and Hirtes. Consequently I intend to 
undertake nothing but to let events run their course. You can put the matter 
on your long list of things to be discussed on the occasion of your next visit to 

For your information tlie "faithful", to whose cooperation you refer are all 
engaged in matters of greater importance than those of the Institute, so that my 
militarj' service, instead of being lightened in the division, consists in being com- 
pelled to take over the management of orphaned divisions in addition. Other- 
wise everything else is satisfactory and naturally supports our absolute confidence 
in the most remarkable manner in the victorious outcome of the war. 

Particular attention is drawn to the last paragraph in the above 
exliibit in wliich the writer of the letter states that liis military service 
has been lengthened in that he has been required to take over the 
management of other divisions in addition to that of the institute. 

Exhibit No. 227 is a communication from Berlin to Dr. Kertess, 
under date of July 30, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 227 •] 

July 30, 1940. 
Dr. F. A. Kertess, 

10 East 40th Street, New York, New York. 

Dear Dr. Kertess: Today's mail closes the gaps in your series of letters by 
bringing your #46 and 47, of the 8th of this month, as well as, preliminarily, your 
#48 of the 10th of this month. Your letter #45 is still missing. 

It appears as if you now are writing me monthly, and that is to be understood 
under existing circumstances. So far as I am concerned personall}' I never am so 
busy but that I should like to hear from you even more often. And I will answer 
your letters without delay, so far as that is possible. 

Hyper. In the meantime the telephone conversation has clarified matters for 
you, and given a turn to things that you undoubtedly will be pleased about. 

Heiroz is, so far as I know, still in Shanghai, and it appears doubtful if he will 
be able to (proceed on his journey?). If you see him he \vill make appropriate 
explanations to you; if not, then we shall be compelled to defer that until we see 
each other. In the meantime I wish j'ou would regard the entire matter with the 
same confidence that in this particularly difficult period has constituted the 
unshakable foundation of our cooperative endeavor. As soon as j'ou see Heiroz 
or when you have spoken to me later you will understand exactly why I expressly 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1347. 

• For facsimile of orieinal, see p. 1348, 1349. 




left to your judgment the decision as to whether he should visit our mutual 
friends of the group Edvyk (of Edvyk's group) or not. Personally, as I have often 
stated to Heiroz, I am opposed to it, leaving the decision to him, but especially 
to you to conclude on the spot whether or not it is the proper thing to do. How- 
ever, his trip, even though he actually reaches N. Y., will not in the least remove 
the necessity for our meeting as soon as conditions permit after the declaration 
of peace. You will have been able to gather this from my personal, unnumbered 
letter of the 9th of this month, and in response to your #48, I wish especially to 
make it clear that I regard it as undoubtedly for the best if you would come to 
Europe for a short visit (but with only the slightest risk). On that occasion we 
can discuss the entire program uninterruptedly and make arrangements for the 
succeeding trip of Dr. Roka and myself. But in view of the weighty problems 
incidental to reconstruction for peace-time activity neither of us will be able to 
leave here immediately after the declaration of peace, so that even from that point 
of view the necessity for your visit here is apparent. 

My reference to the error of $3,000, in my letter #19, of June 14, was only of 
passing significance. 

Concerning South America I am writing you separately and can say that I am 
pleased to note the development to which you refer. I am convinced that both 
of us, and with us, the entire concern will still be able to experience some real 
happiness from our mutual, constructive enterprise in the U. S. A., which will 
reach its tenth (?) anniversary next Spring. I particularly hope that the future 
development will be so favorable that you may be able to participate in a well- 
earned share of the harvest of which you were so diligent a sower. 

With friendly greetings, 

From the above communication it is fair to assume that Dr. Kertess 
not only has jurisdiction over trade arrangements between Germany 
and the United States, but also between Germany and South America. 
Attention is directed to the statement: "I am convinced that both of 
us, and with us, the entire concern will still be able to experience some 
real happiness from our mutual, constructive enterprise in the U. S. A., 
which will reach its tenth anniversary next spring. I particularly 
hope that the future development will be so favorable that you may 
be able to participate in a well-earned share of the harvest of which 
you were so diligent a sower." It will be recalled that the Chemical 
Marketing Co., as such, has not been in existence for a period of 10 

Exhibit No. 228 is a communication from Berlin to Dr. Kertess, 
under date of July 30, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 228 '] 

Dear Dr. Kertess: Your number 47, of the 8th of this month is an important 
contribution to the pending financial problem to which Mr. Bernau, Mr. Feld- 
mann, and Dr. Lehnert are giving so much consideration. 

The fact that you already have knotted (?) the South American business, which 
manifestly takes so large a part of the funds which we have reclaimed (?) con- 
stitutes in their opinion the lightening of a heavy load. If as a result of that 
opinion I support you in this matter, I do so chiefly because we have no other 
alternative but to press you for an early settlement. 

In the meantime I hope that the pressing proljlem of retaining our South 
American organizations and serving its customers during the war has been solved 
essentially. But if the entire transfer of deliveries out of Europe should come into 
consideration, I will be able for the time being, in consideration of the optimism 
in which we all have, to keep quiet. The abandonment of demands (?) in South 
American appears to me under all the circumstances to be most desirable, and I 
speak for the gentlemen referred to when I request an early settlement within the 
terms of our instructions, as we have indicated them to you. 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1350. 


Here again is evidence to the effect that Dr. Kertess has much to say 
with regard to the trade affairs in South America. 

Exhibit No. 229 is a communication from Berlin to Dr. Kertess, 
under date of August 31, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 229 

Dear Dr. Kertess: A ray of hope at ray present Berlin residence, from which 
I returned today, was the announcement of l)r Lehnert that our pro|)osal in the 
Devisenangelegenheit (this may mean bills, paper, or device. From the context 
it may mean financial arrangcunents) matter of l)ills is to be accepted in its entirety 
as I indicated in my cable #44 and confirmed in my letter #35. This means that 
you will have the entire fund available until the end of the war and, as before, 
exclusively for the financing of matters (businesses) jjriinarily of German interest. 
But we do not wish to send this pleasant news to you until we have the official 
notice of reliable authorities in our hands. 

Since I am likely to be taking the treatments at the time (cure at Mergen- 
theims) Mr. Bernau has been good enough to agree to cable you immediatel}' and 
at the same time to inform of the exact contents of the approval (ratification) as 
it is communicated to us. Under an\' circumstance Mr. Bernau and Dr. Lehnert 
have certainly accomplished real success for which we must always be grateful to 
them and that has placed you in the position to continue your cooperation with 
our overseas correspondents during the continued progress of the war in the 
interests of Germany. (In the German interests.) 

The importance of the above exhibit will be treated in a later part 
of this report, with a special reference to the statement: 

This means that you will have the entire fund available until Uie end of the 
war and, as before, exclusively for the financing of business, primarily of German 

E.xhibit No. 230 is a communication from Dr. Kertess to Dr. 
Alexander Lehnert, under date of August 13, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 230' 

August 13, 1940. 
Dr. Alexander Lehnert, 


Dear Dr. Lehnert: My fear increases constantly that Berlin lacks sufficient 
clarity concerning the situation and sentiment here; and although I am willing to 
admit that Germany is unable at the moment to do anything to create a favorable 
change in this sentiment, it certainly does seem to me that we should view the 
situations and consider the existing relaisons as dispassionately as possible. 

I could write you volumes about the prevailing stor}' of the manner in which 
step by step this country is being driven inexorably into the war, regardless of 
whether it be Roosevelt or Wilkie, assuming, of course, that the war shall not have 
been ended before next spring. 

In this connection it is of interest for you to consider that a leading news 
commentator. General Johnson, had the presumption to assert that if the indica- 
tions continue to appear favorable for the election of Wilkie, Roo.sevelt could 
plunge this country into war during the next two or three months, strange as this 
may seem to you, yet not without considerable merit. This may cause you to 
pause and consider what is happening here and how things are de\eloping, without 
any considerations of motive. 

I do not know to what extent you are interested in the Westrick aflFair, but I 
am sending you some newspaper clippings that I hope will reach you. Comment 
superfluous. This monstrous achievement is the result of the dismissal of two 
leading industrialists: Rieber was forced to resign from the Texas Oil Co. and 
Litchfield from the Goodj^ear Rubber Co. Both of them were prominent persons 
who contributed much to their companies; neither could be retained by their 
tompanies, unfortunately because their connection with Westrick had a political 

' For facsimile of original, see p. 1351. 
' For facsimile of original, see p. 1352. 


tie-up which undoubtedly would have hurt both companies, so that they felt 
compelled to request the resignations of both these gentlemen. 

I should appreciate it if you would let Director Dr. Wurster at Ludwigshaufen 
as well as friend, Wittig in Schweinfurt, see this letter and the clippings when 
they reach you. 

With friendly greetings, 

Exhibit No. 231 is a communication, under date of June 10, 1940, 
addressed to Dr. Kertess from Germany wherein certain patents are 
assigned to the American concern by Kertess' associates in Germany, 

[Exhibit No. 231 »J 

Dear Dr. Kertess: We refer to your cable No. 37 reading as follows: 


In the meantime the TRICOSAL patents have been assigned to Chemical 
Marketing Company and we take pleasure in sending you the following documents: 

1,578,139 1,910,297 

1,782,471 1,968,152 


We should be much obliged to you if you would kindly give us a cable confirm 
of the receipt of these documents. 
Very truly j'ours, 

[ss] H. ScHLOSSER. 

Exhibit No. 232 is a communication, under date of June 7, 1940, 
addressed to Dr. Kertess in New York from the Patent Department 
of his associates in Germany. 

[Exhibit No. 232 n] 

Re: Visit of Mr. Stiege. 

Dear Mr. President: In order to discuss all outstanding questions regarding 
our commercial and technical relations with our friends in LFSA we have decided 
to send Mr. Heinrich Stiege, Manager of our Foreign Department and Director 
of our firm, over there. Mr. Stiege will leave Europe within the next few days. 

One of the most important points to be settled finally is the License Agreement 
between our firms, especially with respect to Art. 4. Mr. Stiege is well acquainted 
with this matter and we hope that you will easily come to an understanding with 

A second not less important item is the License Agreement between Du Pont 
and ourselves. Our letter No. 17 of June 4, 1940, to Du Pont (copy of which 
was sent to your firm gives clear evidence that we are willing to comply with all 
wishes of Du Pont in this respect. Should, however, any point need further 
explanation, Mr. Stiege will, of course, be disposed to discuss these matters with 
Du Pont. 

There is further the question of USP 2 173 040/41 Muller ELIMINOL (see 
our letter of Dec. 23, 1939) which might perhaps be settled during the sojourn 
of Mr. Stiege in USA. 

There are, of course, only first hints to give you an idea of the scope and aims 
of Mr. Stiege's visit to USA. It is self-evident that Mr. Stiege will call on our 
numerous other friends in USA, among others American Cyanamid Company, 
Handy & Harman, Bailey Larson and so on. 

Any assistance which you may give Mr. Stiege during his stay in USA will be 
highly appreciated by us. 
Yours very truly. 

(Signed) . 

In the above communication mention is made of the fact that a Mr. 
Heinrich Stiege, manager of the foreign department and director of 
the firm intends to make a trip to the United States. 

» For facsimile of original, sec p. 1353. 

1" For facsimile of original, see pp. 1354, 1355. 


Exhibit No. 233 is a communication, under date of September 4, 
1940, from Dr. Kertess to Mr. Schlosser in Germany, in which he 
renders a report concerning his conversation with Director Heinrich 
Stiege. It will be noted from this communication that the American 
authorities refused to issue a visa to Stiege to make his visit in this 
country on the grounds that Stiege was not traveling for the institute 
in Germany, but were under the impression that he might be making 
the trip for the purpose of securing information for the authorities 
in Germany. Nevertheless, the communication indicates that Ker- 
tess found a way to discuss affairs of mutual concern with Stiege when 
the latter was en route to South America and the ship had as a port 
of call, Los Angeles, Calif. The communication also indicates that 
Stiege immediately departed for Rio de Janeiro, after leaving the 
west coast. 

[Exhibit No. 233 "] 

September 4, 1940. 
Director Hermann Schlosser, 

Frankfort on Main. 

Dear Mr Schlosser: The — please excuse me — criminal Roman Treppe has 
gotten his final accounting;. 

Upon my return trip I went over all our correspondence in order to recall that 
both in your personal and business correspondence you have repeatedly referred 
to the importance you attach to mj'' meeting our friend somewhere, if he were 
unable to secure permission to enter America. 

Upon the receipt of your first communication we naturally did everything 
possible to secure the permission for entrj' luitil we established the fact through 
a Washington attorney that the consul in Tokio had advised the State Department 
that he was not in a position to issue a visa to our friend because of a report sub- 
mitted to him from the American consul at Berlin. The same attorney found 
out for us that in considering the visa the American consul at Berlin had pro- 
ceeded upon the fallacious assumption that Director St. was not actually traveling 
for the Institute but for the authorities, by whom he previously had been called 
for military service. Our explanation, that Director St. had been a director in 
our concern for a long number of years and that, like all others of a military age 
had been (drafted?) and then released, and that the Degusso Company had de- 
cided to send him on his trip only after his release, was not accepted as worthy 
of consideration, in view of the prevailing sentiment here and in consideration of 
instructions to issue no visas at all either to Germans or Italians, except in ex- 
ceptional cases, to which only the foreign minister could give approval. 

After this effort had failed, we were compelled finally to abandon the idea of 
securing permission for Mr. St. to enter and the only alternative was to see him 
on board his ship during transit. 

Thanks to friendly connections on the West coast and the very powerful 
support of those friends, I was able to receive permission both on the day of 
arrival and the day of departure to go aboard and we had not less than eleven 
hours in which to discuss everything necessary and to go through all the papers 
^records, acts) which Mr. St. had brought along. 

You may rest assured that everything was attended to for the best interest of 
the concern. The separate points, for example, the separate reports and docu- 
ments of the various divisions and sub-companies, I shall go into especially 
during the course of the next two weeks, to the degree that they may require a 
decision on our part. 

In the meantime I cabled you after my return, upon the authorization of our 
mutual friend, as follows: (please note and copy English.) 

I can report that I found Mr. St. in the best of health and spirits. He started 
for Rio last Saturday. 

" For facsimile of original, see pp. 1356, 1357. 


If you personally have any questions concerning my meeting with Mr. St., I 
undoubtedly shall hear from you. For the rest it probably will suffice if 1 limit 
myself to the foregoing problems and remain with friendly greetings, 

Exhibit No. 234 is a communication from Dr. Kertess in New York 
to the German Gold and Silver Institute in Germany, under date of 
July 20, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 234 12] 

July 23, 1940. 
German Gold & Silver Institute, 

Frankfort on Main. 
(For the attention of the Directors.) 

Gentlemen: We acknowledge receipt of your cable reading as follows: 34 our 
cable June 14 Extension expired July 15 Further extension for only $25,000 
Hachemie requests name Marguart Gruneau Hachemie assigning due paper if 
transfer not promptly feasible Please explain fully for information of authorities. 

First of all, we request again that you do not send such cables through Western 
Union, the only Cable Co. whose reports all go through the British Censor. 
Moreover, for the sake of regularity of the records it would have been better for 
the cable to have come from Lickfett in order to remain in logical sequence. 

We regret that we are unable to meet your demands at this time. In the 
interest of the general political economy of the German people and especially in 
the interest of our business we took up immediately upon the outbreak of war a 
front name with your South American correspondents in order that through the 
delivery of American chemicals these representatives in the several South Ameri- 
can countries would be placed in the position to retain your customers and return 
them to German interests at the close of the war. 

We did this without any consideration of profit for our own business; first, 
because strong American competition threatened many of the interests noted 
above most seriously and compelled us to reduce our prices to the point where we 
were compelled to ignore profit entirely. 

On July 1, our bills payable amounted to $54,000, as we already have stated. 
But in this connection it must be considered that we are holding a considerable 
account, of more than $20,000, especially on Tricosal, which arrived here from 
the Chemical factory at Gruenau shortly before the war. 

From this you can see that the total claims of Lickfett are exceeded by the bills 
payable and the supplies on hand, (stock) 

You must remember that we are compelled to pay cash to American manu- 
facturers against the delivery of bills of lading here in New York and at the same 
time to advance to South American firms cash against the documents at the ports 
of entry; and with the result that as a rule 70 days elapse from the time at which 
we pay the manufacturers here until we can count upon the transfer of the 
corresponding sums to our bank. 

Of course it is possible to liquidate if you come to the conclusion that the return 
of these amounts is more important to German political economy and the interest 
of your business than deliveries to your South American representatives; and we 
shall be guided entirely in this matter by your direction. 

In this case we will abandon the business which we developed in South America 
immediately upon receipt of your instructions to do so. But take notice that even 
then (payments?) will begin only successively and that we naturally are not in a 
position upon vour demand by cable to transfer by cable the total of slightly less 
than $25,000.00. 

In this connection we might also mention that during the past weeks we have 
received new orders for Hydrogen peroxide and (pyroxylic acid). These two 
activities, even though they may not be included within the measures indicated in 
your cable, will at least be exposed to considerable risk. 


'2 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1358, 1359 


Particular attention is drawn to the statement by Dr. Kertess: 
"In the interest of the general political economy of the German people 
and especially in the interest of our business we took up immediately 
upon the outbreak of war a front name with your South American 
correspondents in order that through the delivery of American chem- 
icals these representatives in the several South American countries 
would be placed in a position to retain your customers and return 
them to German interests at the close of the war." 

Here we have the direct statement by Dr. Kertess that his firm is 
in reality nothing more nor less than a front organization for the 
Nazi Government in America, whose avowed purpose is to protect 
German interests in Central and South America. 

Exliibit No. 235 is a communication from Germany to Dr. Kertess 
in New York, under date of June 4, 1940. 

[Exhibit No. 235 "] 

June 4, 1940. 
Dr. F. A. Kertess, 

10 East 40lh St., New York. 

We have heard from Switzerland that it is no longer possible to ship Hj O2 
from there to South America because cargo-space is no longer available, at least 
for H2 O2. What is true for Swiss products is true also of the products of manu- 
facturers in other neutral countries compelled to use Medit<^rranean ports. Under 
those circumstances the Swiss will join with Becco in order that the latter may 
make deliveries in South America for Swiss producers and execute their commis- 
sions. This arrangement shows that there is an effort to conduct this business 
openly in any cooperative waj' with the participation of the Swiss and for the 
profit of Becco. Direct participation l)y Becco in South America as a seller or 
distributor is to be avoided. Above all the Swiss want to keep control of the 
business and to appear also as distributors of North American goods in South 
America, and we have heard that there have been conservations bj' cable exactly 
on tliis point with Becco, altho no agreement has yet been reached since Becco 
is holding out for too high a price. The price of 25 cents was mentioned, but we 
do not know just what is includes. The Swiss are trying to get a more favorable 
purchase price from J^ecco. 

We have pointed out that we must inform our friends of the new situation and 
to authorize them on their own behalf to avail themselves of the South American 
market, especialh' since we have no transportation facilities out of European 
ports. Please do this in connection with j'our former relations then in an appro- 
priate manner. 

In order to prevent cooperation between the two producers there it would be 
advisable for you to try to conduct the Dupont business through your firm. It 
might of course be desirable to consider some kind of agreement with Becco by 
tv'hich to divide the orders that are received from South America and it makes no 
difference whether these should come directly to Becco or whether Becco receives 
them through the Swiss. It is to our interest to see that the business does not fall 
into new hands, but that we continue to deliver to the buj^ers and distributors 
under the Convention and about which the correspondents have been carefully 
instructed. Certain support already may have reached Becco from the Swiss. 
Most friendly, 

1 X over Sibivien. 

2 X over Fafro. 

The above communication illustrates once again that Dr. Kertess 
and his Chemical Marketing Co. really act as a clearing house for 
information for German interests, not only in America but in South 
America as well. 

Exhibit No. 236 is a communication under date of October 7, 1940, 
to Dr. Stiege in Brazil from Dr. Kertess. 

" For facsimile of original, see p. 1360 



[Exhibit No. 236 '*] 

Dear Mr. Stiege: My best thanks for your friendly communication, the 
contents of which I have noted in all its details. 

Inclosed please find for friend L. a list of products which we are able to offer 

As I stated to you, the possibility of expanding reciprocal relations with the 
firm of your friend L. depends upon whether his firm would be willing to do 
business upon the basis of letters of credit. 

In the interest of all we are in the process of arranging for some very important 
business in Argentina during the next six months the carrying into effect of which 
will require all our capital. It is a matter of extensive (or important) business for 
friend Adalbert Fischer. As a consequence — ^I do not wish to have your friend 
L. misunderstand our financial status; the business at hand involves a quarter 
million dollars — it is absolutely necessary that for the expansion of his business 
the basis must be upon letters of credit, and I can see no real difficulties that would 
prevent your friend from adopting such a procedure. 

In this case, as we made it clear in the matter of Barrium Carbonate we would 
reduce our margin (marge) to the very lowest, and I am convinced that on this 
basis your friends would be able to buy up (acquire) much more favorably and 

Concerning the extract we have — 'frankly — no direct relations (or connections) 
with the consumers, and it would not be worth the trouble to us to assume such 
relationship now, especially since such a procedure could lead to disturbances 
that would not be favorable to your friend. As a consequence, we are compelled 
to remain entirely away from this business. 

Concerning the last transaction I am clear about labor union but not ingenious 
enough to understand what you meant by competitive precautions. Perhaps 
you will let me have further information in this connection. 

In the meantime a new point of view has developed. It would be of interest 
to me to know the opinion of your friend L. in this connection. 

As cautious, sober Vjusiness men we must reckon with the possibility of the 
entry of the United States into the war and we would then be unable as an Ameri- 
can firm to do business with firms on the blacklist, as well as with the firm of 
your friend L. Undoubtedly your friends have long since understood this and 
have established a purely Brazilian business in which your friends do not have 
to appear in any form. For the moment I contemplate establishing a new 
business, which probably would open its own office in Argentina as well as in 
Brazil, first, for the purpose of securing the South American business; and second 
to establish a connecting link, if necessary, with other friends in other countries. 

You know that our Mr. Koch contemplates a trip to Brazil; as soon as the 
passport issue has been cleared up I will notify by cable. 

In the meantime I have found out that several uncertainties have arisen 
concerning the soap recipe and therefore I am sending you the solution separately, 
upon the basis of which you can let us know where the cue is. 

With hearty greetings, I am 

Dr. Kertess was attempting to be farsighted enough to protect his 
interests and those of his constituents in the event of American 
involvement in the war. Particular attention is directed to the 

As cautious, sober business men we must reckon with the possibility of the 
entry of the United States into the war and we would then be unable as an Ameri- 
can firm to do business with firms on the blacklist, as well as with the firm of your 
friend L. Undoubtedly your friends have long since understood this and have 
established a purely Brazilian business in which your friends do not have to 
appear in any form. 

Perhaps better than any other statement so far disclosed is the 
following quotation from the above communication, which illustrates 
the far reaching activities of Dr. Kertess and his Chemical Marketing 

'< For facsimile of original, see p. 1361, 1362. 


For the moment I contemplate establishing a new business which probably 
would open its own office in Argentina as well as in Brazil, first, for the purpose 
of securing the South American business; and second to establish a connecting 
link, if necessary, with other friends in other countries. 

Among the records which were found in the files of the Chemical 
Marketing Co. was- a plan entitled "The Organization of German 
Industry in America After the War." This plan, together with the 
notation of various conferences held by Dr. Kertcss with individuals 
in New York City, is included in this report and marked "Exhibit No. 
237." The proposed organization is typically characteristic of the 
thoroughness of the German mind and its ability to foresee in great 
detail future developments. It is reasonable to suppose that if 
Dr. Kertess and his associates were able, as the plan indicates, to 
anticipate with such reasonable thorouglmess the problems that would 
be encountered after the war and were able to present a constructive 
program as to the manner in which Nazi Germany could control, 
under Government direction, a large segment of American industry, 
then in the light of Dr. Kertess' statement to Germany 4 months 
before war was declared, namely, "we are ready for war," it would 
reasonably indicate that Germany has already done a pretty good job 
of safeguarding its industrial interests in the Western Hemisphere by 
any and all means under its control. 

The plan outlined below lacks nothing in its effectiveness or in 
detail for the contemplated organization, not merely of industry and 
trade, but also proposes to combine these spheres of activity with a 
great banking institute, (as later exhibit will illustrate) to underwrite 
and support the financing of German industry and trade activities. 
The plan goes still further in that it also contemplates through cultural, 
academic associations and circles the cooperation of the professional 
and academic world banded together in typical "front organizations." 

In the proposed industry or trade organization plan, there is the 
obvious intent to draw upon all industrial activities in America that 
are in any way allied with German industry. Relations would arise 
out of the extensive use of patent agreements or cross-licensing in 
patents. The plan further contemplates bringing into the organiza- 
tion representatives from such leading industrial activities such as 
cotton, cellulose, machine tools, the automotive industry, and so forth. 
The plan sets forth a very definite link with the industrial life in 
Germany by providing that all of these activities — industry, trade, 
commerce and academic^shall be directed from a bureau to be 
established in the German Mmistry in Berlin. There is the very 
obvious mtent to retain control of these activities in the hands of 
German authorities and not to permit this control to be dissipated or 
to come under American influence. 

[Exhibit Xo. 237 '»] 

The Organization of German Industry in America After the War 

June 20, 1940. 

The mistakes of the past may be considered as so thoroughly familiar as to 
constitute a basis for this presentation without specific enumeration. But should 
enumeration be desired it can be presented incidentally at some other time. 

The essential requirements necessary to the achievement of the desired results 
are the shrewdest combination, the assurance of the closest cooperation between 

'• For facsimile of original, see pp. 1363-1372. 


the proper government offices and private industry, and the solutional of such 
personal problems as effect German as well as American relations. 
The organization should be constructed upon three columns: 

1. The Board of Trade for German- American Commerce, Inc. Headquarters 
in New York, with branches in Chicago, New Orleans, and San Francisco. Presi- 
dent of the Board: Mr. C. F. Arenkiehl, Chairman of the Board of Directors: 
The German Commercial Attache. Others who might be considered as directors: 

Mr. Frank E. Gerdes. 

Mr. Gerhard Schuetz. 

Mr. H. Greeven. 

A German-American Attorney. 

Still others to be considered are: 

Mr. Harry Hallesen. 

Two other representatives of German industrial firms. 

Dr. F. A. K. 

In addition, there should be affiliated with the German Board of Trade the 
office of a customs attorney, for which position Mr. Fred G. Tauber has been 

The selection of the staff should be left to the President. 

The Board of Trade will be affiliated also with the German Trade Council, to 
be composed of representatives of the several industrial groups. These repre- 
sentatives may be either honorary or or salaried. The local German Commercial 
Attache will preside over this Council. 

2. The American Group for Trade with Germany, Inc. President Mr. George 
F. Bauer 

Proposed Directors: 

Mr. Howard P. Ingels, of Laird, Bissell and Meeds 

Mr. Herman A. Kallmer, Chemical Bank and Trust Co. 

A representative of American Cotton Interests 

A Representative of General Motors 

A Representative of the National Manufacturers Asso. 

A Representative of the National Council of American Importers, inc. 

Mr. A. O. Dawson, of Hines, Rearick, Dorr and Hammond, as Counselor. 

Dr. F, A. K., as contactman with the German Board of Trade. 

The Board of Directors to be presided over by Mr. John R. Zellers, of Reming- 
ton Rand, Inc., with the following proposed members: 

Mr. William A. Schuyler. 

Dr. A. Scheurer. 

Three representatives of the leading American Manufacturing and Trade 

Mr. C. F. Arenkiehl, President of the German-American Board of Trade, 


The principal duty of this organization will be to make and cultivate personal 
connections between American manufacturers and analogous organizations in 

3. The German University League Inc., to foster an exchange of cultural and 
social relations between Germany and America. For this organization the follow- 
ing are proposed: 

Dr. E. Kohl. 
Dr. Peter J. Kesseler. 
Mr. Richard Koch. 
Dr. F. A. K. 

Prerequisite to the successful accomplishment of the work of this organization, 
ivhich is to function as an appropriate counterpart of the organizations described 
in the foregoing, is the creation of a special office in the Ministry at Berlin, which 
could give it support and assure its success through a thorough familiarity with 
conditions in America. 

The requirement of shrewdest association obviously imposes upon all partici- 
pating government officials as well as upon every one employed in private industry 
the duty of proceeding with such American plans and activities only after they 
have consulted with the aforementioned organizations. All local representatives 
of German enterprises are required to register with the German Board of Trade. 


A matter which appears worthwhile considering is to determine whether local 
German banks could be organized into a Banking Institute. Such a Banking 
Institute would be able to effectuate the association regarded as essential, also in 
the important domain of finance. 

It is to be observed in this connection that through such an agency the settle- 
ment of transactions involving travelers' marks (travelers' checks) return- 
travelers checks and other similar paper could be made much more advantageous 
to German authorities as well as to the owners of the various kinds of obligations 
and German securities than before the war. 

There was a conference which Mr. Kellermeier and Mr. Hollesen were present. 
Without objection it was agreed that Mr. Hollesen alone was to have exclusive 
control of all matters relating to the Kali Syndicate. He repeatedly asserted 
that he was not in a position to make any contribution toward the solution of 
general problems since, so far as he is concerned, no such problems as "dumping" 
or others of a similar nature, exist. 

It cannot be denied that Mr. Hollesen created the impression of the self-satisfied 
business man, whose connections and financial status within certain limits could 
be made use of. But just these attributes made his active cooperation difficult. 
It was on this account that it was proposed as most expedient to make him a 
member of the Board of Directors of the Board of Trade. 


Mr. Kollmar, who has been present at several conferences has been referred as 
the representative of an American bank, first, because both he and his bank have 
excellent connections in Berlin; but particularly because his bank has been the 
only one that during the war and even now has exhibited an irreproachable 
attitude toward Germany, in contrast, for example, to the Chase National Bank, 
wliich was most active in confiscating and calling credits. 

A conference was held at which Mr. Kellermeier and Mr. Gerdes were present, 
the latter having been given some general instructions by Mr. Kellermeier before 
the conference was called. The conference developed two interesting points: 

1. Upon the invitation to propose the names of gentlemen for the group, Mr. 
Gerdes was not in a position to name any in addition to Messrs. Areiikiehl and 
Shuetz, already proposed. 

2. He asserted that he, too, regarded a combination of all German banking 
interests in a mutual banking institute here as the correct solution. But he saw 
difficulties in it, especially as to the formular to be used by the institute in 
distributing the business to individual banks over there. In addition, he told us 
that he, himself, had worked out such a plan and that he was ready to submit it 
at an ai>propriate time. Mr. Gerdes repeatedly asserted that the work of such a 
group and its plans depended absolutely upon its being submitted to the right 
quarters in Berlin not merely for examination but for support as well. In this 
connection he referred to the experiences that had prevented Dr. Tannenberg 
from having his project considered in Berlin and hence from executing it. 

It was agreed that the group consisting of Messrs Arenkiehl, Gerdes, Schuetz, 
Dr. F. A. K., would meet again during the middle of next week for a first exchange 
of ideas. 


In the conference with Mr. Schuetz evidence was developed of the indefensible 
conditions attendant upon the consideration of certain questions before the war. 

Called upon to recommend gentlemen who, under certain circumstances, could 
be approached for suggestions for the development of German trade after the 
war, the name of Mr. von Klemm was proposed. Mr. Schuetz gave as his reason 
for this proposal the fact that up to two months before the war Mr. von Klemm 
had sent large sums of money to Germany and that from this circumstance he was 
compelled to conclude that his business was very large and that everyone must 
regard his business ability as remarkable. His arguments let to a sharp discussion 
in which it was pointed out to Mr. Schuetz that the catastrophic split before the 
war was ideally adopted to lead to just such misunderstandings. 

It developed that Mr. Schuetz as well as his bank had made proposals to the 
government over there that were strongly in support of the plans of Mr. von 
Klemm. Mr. Schuetz was compelled to concede that neither his knowledge of 
the hop trade or of the cellulose fiber trade was sufficient to analyze or recommend 
the proposals of Mr. von Klemm and that he naturally had supported Mr. von 
Klemm merelj' because this gentleman was a good client of his local branch. 

It was thereupon pointed out to Mr. Schuetz that as a result of such individual 
actions, entirely devoid of any special experience, it was but natural that there 
would be much confusion in Berlin, inasmuch as his proposals were sharply in 


conflict not only with the regular importers of cellulose and hops but fully in as 
sharp conflict with the commercial division of the German Embassy; that just 
in this connection it could be demonstrated how important it was not to repeat 
such actions after war; but that, in order to prevent such deporters problems 
were to be taken in hand and developed through joint action and the recommenda- 
tions of professional experts in responsible positions. 

Mr. Schuetz regretted to observe that before the war many gentlemen who were 
more concerned with their selfish interests than with the interests of German 
industry were able to get the ear of commercial division of the German Embassy, 
while other gentlemen, who had the welfare of German industry at heart, found it 
somewhat difficult to get a hearing. In this he referred especially to I. G. and 

It was thereupon pointed out to Mr. Schuetz that the commercial division of the 
German Embassy had been instructed to cooperate closely with private industry 
and that no reproach could be cast upon that division of the German Embassy if 
the representatives of private industry failed on their part to acquaint the division 
with their plans and actions seasonably and, indeed, even in advance, and that 
this was exactly one of the principal defects that was to be removed. 

As in the conferences with former gentlemen so in this conference, too, there 
developed rather unsatisfactory expressions concerning the German American 
Board of Trade. This appears to be one of the points upon which the gentlemen 
who were consulted have not been in accord. 

Concerning the matter of the banks Mr. Schuetz confirmed the expediency of a 
mutual German Banking Institute, confirmed at the same time the correct conduct 
of the Chemical Bank and Trust Company, as compared with the unfriendly 
conduct of all the other banks and pointed out — quite rightfully — that some banks 
in states other than New York had exhibited much more friendliness, at least 
understanding and a readiness to do business than had the New York banks. 

Mr. Schuetz left to the judgment of the conference the matter of an eventual 
approach to Mr. vun Rurnour; promised to devote himself to the matter of 
establishing German industry after the war; and hoped he would be in a position 
at the meeting of the group next week to contribute some constructive proposals. 

It appears worthwhile considering to what extent Mr. Schwing, erstwhile with 
Anderson-Clayton might be called upon later for some practical assignments. 
The same consideration applies to Mr. Felix Rapp. It has also been recommended 
that Mr. Richard Koch might be considered as the local representative of the 
Leipzig fair. 

The question also has been raised as to how for Mr. Zimmer, in his personal 
capacity, independently of his association with McFadden, could go along in the 
American Group for Trade v, ith Germany or if another name should be submitted 
as representative of the Cotton Interests group. 

In a conference at which were present Mr. Kellermeir and Mr. George F. Bauer, 
the latter, enthusiastically greeted the idea of calling into existence an American 
Group for Trade with Germany parallel with an organization such as the German 
Board of Trade. 

Mr. Bauer is not only prepared to assume the direction of such a group but is 
interested in doing so, and he is of the opinion that because of his connections it 
would be possible for him to influence persons having prestige to join this group. 

Mr. Bauer will consider the problem more concretely, including that of persons 
of prestige and I will meet him again next Wednesday, at which time he will 
submit a memo containing appropriate proposals. 


A friendly conference was arranged with Mr. Greeven, from which nothing 
much of a constructive nature developed. It will not be easy to get a representa- 
tive out of leading cotton circles for the American group. Only Mr. Clayton or 
Herr Zimmer have been considered, and it is to be remembered that until now 
both firms, Anderson-Clayton as well as McFadden have been unfriendly. 

Several conversations were had with Mr. Schellenberg, especially about return- 
travelers' marks (checks). 

It was suggested that Mr. Schellenberg, Dr. Topkins, and Dr. Auhagen submit 
a proposal, after which the solution of the return-tiaveler problem was to be 
turned over to them exclusively. 

Asked as to my attitude I replied to Mr Schellenberg that such monopoly 
could be considered only within the realm of oflicial activities at least within the 
Board of Trade; that I was compelled to regard it as highly unethical and beyond 
discussion to confer upon one of a group of three gentlemen a monopoly out of 
which all three under the ostensible consideration of a premeditated provision 
of 10% had calculated a very considerable income. 


I regard it highly unethical to take advantage of the expenses of return-travelers 
and repeated that in the interest of all concerned and in all decency this matter 
could be regulated only officially, with profit reduced to the lowest possible 
minimum. 7/1/40 

The group Arenkiehl, Bauer, Gerdes and F. A. K. held a profitable conference 
of four hours. The recommendations resulting from this conference are to be 
communicated orally to Dr. Tannenberg and Mr. Von Knoop when they are 
present. 7/5/40 

Mr. Kollmar invited me to lunch with Mr. Jackson, First Vice President, and 
Mr. Bower, Executive Vice President, of the bank. These gentlemen stated 
that they regarded it as important for America to join with and cultivate the new 
Central European Bloc in the most friendly and intimate trade relations; but 
observed that for a long time it will be necessary to combat opposition and to 
overcome the difficulties of public opinion. 

Mr. Kollmar has the assignment to continue to cuUivate relations and for this 
purpose he will meet with Mr. Bower duriag the ccniing week to listen to his plans. 
There appears to be good reason to give Mr. Bower some financial assistance. 

The conference between Mr. Bovver and Mr. Kollmar is to be deferred until 
after a consultation with Dr. Tannenberg and Mr. von Knoop. 

During the extended discussion Mr. Bower dropped the remark that their 
notable friendliness for Germany had not been rewarded any too lavishly, for 
even today the Reichsbank and the Gold-Discount Bank were maintaining their 
accounts at Chase which certainly had shown itself to be everything else but 
friendlj' to Germany, and he hoped that Mr. Kollmar might be successful even if 
only as an external evidence of recognition ultimately to get the accounts of both 
these institutions. 

Attention is directed to section No, 1 of the plan, wherein Dr. 
Kertess sets forth his name (Dr. F. A. K.) as a person who should 
be considered on the board of directors. In section No. 2, George F. 
Bauer's name is proposed as the president of the American Group for 
Trade with Germany, Inc., and it will be recalled that Mr. Bauer 
was one of the guiding lights in the American Fellowship Forum. 
In this section was Dr. Kertess (Dr. F. A. K.), who was proposed 
as the contact man with the German Board of Trade. In section 
No. 3, the German University League, Inc., the names of Dr. E. Kohl, 
Dr. Peter J. Kesseler, Richard Koch, and Dr. Kertess (Dr. F. A. K.) 
are proposed as the board of directors. Reference is made to a pre- 
vious section of this report where it is shown that the above four 
individuals are the incorporators of the American Fellowship Forum, 

Included also amongst the records of Dr. Kertess was a plan for 
the setting up of a German bank in the United States. This plan 
is set forth below in its entirety as exhibit No. 238. 

The idea of a German bank, as proposed, carries with it the concept 
that every German-American citizen, whether he be of native origin 
or of German descent, will find in this appeal the desire to place his 
funds in such a bank, or its branches, and thus to give strength to 
the financial structure which is here contemplated. Wlien it is con- 
sidered that such an appeal can be made very effectively to almost 
every German in America, whether of native or local origin, it is j 
indicative of the tremendous influence that could be exerted from a 
bureau established in the German Ministry at Berlin. The whole 
scheme, in short, is typical of the thoroughgoing intent to establish 
direct control, through the agencies indicated, of a large section of 
the economic structure of America. 


[Exhibit No. 238 i«] 

The Founding of a German Banking Institute in New York After the War 

General: Until 1916 there existed in New York a bank braving the title "The 
International Germanic Trust Co.," which engaged primarily in such banking 
transactions as were almost exclusively connected with so-called German trans- 
actions. This institution placed special emphasis upon transactions in securities 
and is said to have been most successful. Later during the war, this bank was 
taken over by the Continental Bank and Trust Co., with which it was incorporated. 
In view of the fact that the International Germanic Trust Co., was designated as 
the "Deutsches Institute" (German Institute) it should be noted that it really 
could not be called that, since the management was almost exclusively in the hands 
of the Jews and, indeed, under the direction of the Jew, Aaron. 

The post war period, especially the period 1919-1929 was one of flourishing 
prosperity for Jewish New York financiers in German business. The notorious 
manipulations of the Jewish banking house of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., which assumed 
the control of the German capital market on too familiar to require elaborations 
in professional circles. The Jewish opposition naturally saw to it that their local 
co-religionists, among whom were Ladenburg Thalmann & Co., Bendix & Co., 
Goldmann Sachs & Co., New York Hanseatic Corporation, Seligmann Co., Leh- 
man Bros., G. Bache & Co., Warburg & Co., Speyer & Co., Lazard Freres, Roths- 
child Co., Otto Kahn, Hallgarten & Co., etc., recovered in full. It was during 
this period that the German people were literally stripped by Jewish Wall Street 
capitalists. Jewish bankers had an almost uncontested field, since during the 
post-war period American banks kept aloof from German business among other 
reasons because of the improvement of Germany, inflation, payment of war debts, 
etc. It was only after Jewish bankers had completed their work of destruction 
that a few American banks began to exhibit a little interest in German business. 
But no voluntary or unrestrained inclination to do business had been exhibited 
even up to the outbreak of the present war. Problems of financing were burden- 
some, credit was narrowly restricted and, because of the pressure exerted through 
the undisclosed terms of the Stillehalten agreement, only Rembours-Linien were 
granted. The full use of these lines was not looked upon with favor; on the con- 
trary every eff"ort was made to have them remain free and unused. This tendency 
was interrupted only shortly before the entry of a period of transition with its 
accompanying era of so-called prosperity. At that time American banks forced 
vast credits upon German institutions, German industry and German adminis- 
tration almost without choice. This loose policy of easy credit resulted finally in 
a general "run" on German banks, after the Austrian Credit Institute and the 
Darmstadt and National Bank had overextended, and when it was impossible to 
prevent the collapse of either of those institutions. The inauguration of German 
Exchange regulations, the termination of the Stillhalten agreement, etc., were in 
a large measure the results of this method of applied American finance. This 
tended merely to increase the unsympathetic attitude of local institutions to 
German banks in every subsequent transaction, except of course such transactions 
as involved no risk and guaranteed a good profit. In the latter category, the first 
to be included were Compensation transactions, to which later were added Aski- 
mark — domestic account transactions. None of the banks showed the slightest 
interest in the promotion of the German export trade and the reciprocal report of 
American raw materials. The only interest they exhibited was the collection of 
about 2% commission from their clients. In Askimark transactions the only 
concern aside from commissions was the taking of a profit even if in doing so, as 
was unfortunately the case, the result was to throw this class of securities. upon a 
steadily declining market. It is an unfortunate fact that a local bank of English 
origin that had a monopoly of almost all the German business and ostensibly 
maintained the best relations with Berlin, appeared to be the leader in this activ- 
ity. But on September 3 (the outbreak of war) that enterprise refused categori- 
cally to accept any commissions for German banks. In this connection, it is to 
be noted that this bank, despite its English origin, has an American charter, is 
consequently to be regarded as an American bank in a neutral country and is 
therefore without any restriction in the matter of German business. 

In my opinion some of these anti-German manipulations ought to be brought 
out. I am convinced that the Reichsbank as well as a number of other German 
banks all have had experiences similar in many respects, and that the experiences 
of those institutions are still a matter of recent recollection. In addition local 

'6 For facsimile of original, see pp. 1373-1382. 


representatives of German banks are at all times in a position to demonstrate 
the actual attitude of almost all American banking institutions. In this connec- 
tion it might be observed in passing that about two weeks ago a so-called "Stop- 
Hitler Now" full-page appeal appeared in all influential daily newspapers. On 
the basis of the research instituted by Senator Holt, it was possible to prove 
without contradiction that this appeal had been paid for by IG of the leading 
local banks. What could be expected for the future development of German- 
American trade under such activities of American banks? Comment superfluous. 

Economic Necessities. 

After the conclusion of the former hostilities, it became clearly apparent that 
years would pass before even a loose connection would be established between 
German and local banking institutions. And although the Jewish Medium will 
disappear in the future yet the influence of Jewish stock-holders, directors, and 
depositors will nevertheless immediately assert itself unmistakably in the man- 
agement of every American bank the very moment there is any indication of 
attempted friendly relations with German banks. To this is to be added the 
fact that even today fears are beginning to develop in American banks with 
respect to investments which in the meantime have been made in South America. 
It is believed that it will be necessary to reckon with the fact that after the con- 
clusion of existing hostilities German banks and German industry will make new 
and determined efforts to invade the South American market to the disadvantage 
of American capitol. The future monetary policy of the German Reich and its 
operation in the U. S. A. will in addition play a leading role. And concerning 
this, great fear prevails even today. Whatever the situation, it certainly will be 
necessary to reckon with a negative attitude on the part of all local banking 
circles toward any methods likely to be adopted by Germany. It is a foregone 
conclusion that under these considerations there can be no friendly cooperation 
between German and American banks. The opportune founding of a German 
banking Institute in New York would aid in successfully bridging over many of 
the barriers that might arise. 

Proposed Aclivilies of the New Bank. 

Some importance must be attached to the possible extension of the entire 
banking business. It is not proposed to have the new bank compute with 
American banks in the U. S. A. Although it is intended to solicit the American 
business of German circles (citizens of the Reich as well as Germans generally). 
In ^iew of the fact that in New York alone about 750,000 Germans (citizens of 
of the Reich as well as Germans generally) are domiciled — a population equiva- 
lent to the population of the cities of Cologne, Munich, or Leipzig — and that in 
addition there is a larger number of local representatives of large and small 
German industries — shipping and trade — it is reasonable to assume that such a 
German banking institution as is proposed would be assured a most promising 
field of operations. At least one pressing need long neglected would be taken 
care of even if its effectiveness in all other respects were ignored. 

I have asserted repeatedly in Germany that the banking requirements of 
foreign trade at times imposed many difficulties upon individual German insti- 
tutions. The vaiious and frequently complicated arrangements affecting pay- 
ment, clearing and settlement, especially for foreigners, presupposes the coopera- 
tion of German and some foreign banks in the financing of export trade. The 
numerous provisions and regulations of German Exchange enable so-called 
foreign speciali-sts to take advantage of Germans in transactions involving many 
forms of securities. In many cases there is a deliberately false interpretation of 
the regulations with resulting disadvantage to the German Exchange. In this 
connection the proposed bank could render real service. 

Additional Activities. 

1. The management and current liquidation of the remaining foreign obli- 
gations — German dollar bonds, etc., 

2. Advances on commodities either in transit or warehoused in connection with 
German-American imports and e.xports, etc., 

3. Acceptance of securities for German-American clients in connection with 
import and export trade, as well as re-discounting. 

4. Accepting of deposits from German credit institutions, local representatives 
of German firms in the U. S. A., local Germans, checking and saving accounts. 

5. Credit to local clients on particularly designated and absolutely marketable 
commodities — copper, cotton, etc., 

6. Purchase and sale of securities on commission for German banks. 



7. Conduct of all U. S. A. payments for German banks. 

8. Advances to local German representatives for defraying U. S. A. customs 
charges and U. S. A. carrying charges. 

9. A place to pay taxes 

10. Adjustment of the approaching German monetary policy. 

11. To replace the shrunken Rembours-lines in American banks with new issues 
of our own. 

12. To effect an expansion of the narrow and restricted foreign trade relations 
of both countries through unrelenting efforts and vigorous enterprise, that is to 
be concerned with an expanding business life in every respect. 

13. To cultivate personal relationships with firms and important persons in 
both the German and American business world. 

14. An exchange of officials between the proposed new bank and members of 
the German Banking Institute. 


Aside from the necessity of such an institution, as indicated in the foregoing 
brief summary as well as for the appropriate and successful conduct of many other 
problems as might arise, such a German banking house would be justified upon 
the basis of prestige. Even small countries, including some that have come into 
existence since the German Reich, regard it as essential on the grounds of prestige 
and in the interest of national welfare to establish their own bank connections 
in New York. Aside from Dutch and English colonial banks, including the J. 
Henry Schroeder Banking Corporation, established by Schroeder of London, the 
following foreign banking houses have been set up in New York: 

Anglo South American Bank, Ltd. Canadian Bank of Commerce 

Anglo South American Trust Company Chartered Bank of India, Australia, 

Banca Commerciale Italiana Bank China 

Banco di Napoli Trust Company Credito Italiano 

Anglo Prague Credit Bank Dominion Bank 

Banco di Roma French American Banking Corporation 

Banco Nacional de Mexico Hellenic Bank & Trust Company 

Banco Nacional de Nicaragua Hongkong Bank & Shanghai Banking 

Banque Belgue pour I'Etranger Corp. 

Bank of Athens Trust Company Mitsubishi Bank 

Bank of Canton, Ltd. Mitsui Bank 

Bank of China National Bank of Greece 

Bank of Chosen Pan American Trust (Mexican) 

Bank of London & South America, Ltd. Philippine National Bank 

Bank of Montreal Royal Bank of Canada 

Bank of Nova Scotia Societe General, France 

Bank of Polska Kasa Opieki Standard Bank of South Africa 

Bank of Sicily Trust Company State Bank of the U. S. S. R. 

Bank of Taiwan, Ltd. De Twentsche Bank, Amsterdam 

Barclays Bank, Dominion, Colonial & Sumitomo Bank 

Overseas Swiss Bank Corporation 

Barclays Bank of London Yokohama Specie Bank 

From this exhibit, it is clearly apparent that industrially- and commerciallj^- 
strong nations, such as England, France, Italy, and Japan maintain several'banks 
here, and that even countries of little influence such as Nicaragua, etc., regard it 
as sufficiently important to maintain their own banking houses in New York. 
It is worthy of note that these foreign banks have been active here for years, from 
which it is reasonable to assume that the usefulness, the necessity, and the success- 
ful operation of such an enterprise has been established. Accordingly the basis 
for an appropriate German institution may be regarded as established. 


An ideal method of putting the proposed plan into effect might be found in th* 
fact that those German banks that have sought especially to maintain German- 
American trade relations during the past j^ears might be induced to become 
interested in its foundation on the basis of participation in its stock. In this 
connection, I am thinking above all of the Reichsbank, The Deutsche Bank, the 
North German Kreditbank A-G, Commercial and Privatbank, Bank of Dresden, 
Reichscredit-Gesellschaft, The Berlin Trade Association, etc., Finally, the German 
Industrial Bank, of Berlin, is to be considered, which might become interested 
because of its activities in intermediate and long-term credits, so essential to the 
German export machine industry. 

274778 — 40— pt. 2 10 


But if it prove impossible to organize the proposed grouj) either partly or 
entirely, because of some factor not now apparent, it would be necessary to 
attempt to induce a number of private German banks to undertake the enterprise. 
Those banks would be compelled to turn over, or offer, their U. S. A. business to 
the local German Institute for liquidation either entirely or partly, according to 
prevailing conditions and their own circumstances. Profits would be distributed 
in accordance with the amount of original subscriptions. Although certain 
difficulties with respect to an equitable division of U. S. A. business among the 
participating German banking houses probably could not be averted in the 
beginning, some formula undoubtedly will be developed in the course of time. 
It would be necessary to concede to the management of the new institution such 
confidence as ordinarily presumptively prevails in partnership. 


The capitalization of the new banking enterprise should be conducted preferably 
under the leadership of the Reichsbank. It would be necessary to offer the 
"Capitol Stock" to the various German banking institutions. But such firms as 
the Hamburg-America Line, the North German Lloyd, and large importers ana 
exporters who have been in close contact with U. S. A. commerce for years should 
also be given an opportunity to subscribe. And I can imagine that among certain 
private groups a real desire to participate prevails. The capital should be at 
least $5,000,000; and the proposed enterprise should be in a position to produce 
that amount at the very outset in order to merit consideration and attention. If 
any bank, including the Reichsbank, is not able to participate openly, because of 
old unsatisfied obligations, then it would be necessary to arrange over there for 
the temporary oversubscription of such parcels by banks in the U. S. which 
show no such obligations. As stated in the foregoing, profits are to be distributed 
through quarterly, or annual dividends, in accordance with the amount of sub- 


Since the new enterprise comes within the banking laws of the State of New 
York, the charter would necessarily conform somewhat to the following outline: 

We, the undersigned, all being persons of full age, at least two-thirds of 
whom are citizens of the United States and at least one of whom is a resident 
of the State of New York, desiring to form a moneyed corporation pursuant 
to the provisions of Article VII of the Banking Law of the State of New York, 
for the purpose of engaging in international and foreign banking and banking 
in dependencies and insular possessions of the United States, either directly 
or through the agency, ownership or control of local institutions in foreign 
countries and in such dependencies and insular possessions, and to purchase 
or otherwise acquire, hold, sell, offer for sale and negotiate shares of stock 
and other chosen in action and to possess and exercise such other powers as 
now are or may hereafter be conferred upon investment companies, except 
as hereinafter otherwise provided, hereby subscribe, acknowledge and submit 
to the Superintendent of Banks, this organization certificate in duplicate: 

1. The name by which the proposed company is to be known is 

2. The places where its business is to be transacted are the Borough of 
Manhattan, in the City, County and State of New York, and such other 
places in and outside the State of New York as may from time to time be 
lawfully designated. 

3. The proposed company is not being organized for the purpose of exer- 
cising the powers set forth in sub-divisions four and five of Section Two- 
hundred ninety-three of Chapter Two of the Consolidated Laws, being the 
Banking Law, of the State of New York. 

4. The amount of its capital stock is to be five million dollars ($5,000,000), 
and the number of shares into which such capital stock shall be divided is 
fifty thousand (50,000) shares of the par value of one hundred dollars ($100) 
each. The stock of the corporation shall be issued upon the terms and con- 
ditions following: 

(a) The holders of record of the stock of the corporation shall be entitled 
to share pro rata in all dividends declared by the board of directors in pro- 
portion to the amounts actually paid to the corporation in respect of such 
stock, whether as capital or paid in surplus, prior to the date of the declara- 
tion of any such dividend. 

(b) In the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the 
corporation, the holders of the stock shall be entitled to share pro rata in 




all the assets of the corporation in proportion to the amounts actually paid 
to the corporation in respect of such stock, whether as capital or paid in 
surplus, prior to the date of the distribution of such assets. 

(c) No holder of stock of the corporation shall have any preemptive right 
of subscription to any shares of stock of the corporation, or to any obliga- 
tions convertible into any stock, nor any right of subscription to any thereof, 
other than such, if any, as the board of directors in its discretion may 

5. The full name, residence and post-office address of each of the incor- 
porators and the number of shares subscribed for by each are as follows: 

Full name 

Residence and post-ofiBce address 

No. of shares 

6. The term of its existence shall be perpetual. 

7. The number of its directors shall be and the names and 

addresses of the incorporators who shall be its directors until the first annual . 

meeting of stockholders are as follows: a 

Name Address 

8. The following are provisions for the regulation of the business and the 
conduct of the affairs of the corporation, and limitations upon its powers 
and upon the powers of its directors and stockholders, not exempting them 
from the performance of any obligation or the performance of any duty 
imposed by law: 

(a) Each subscriber for stock issued at a price in excess of its par value 
shall remain liable to the corporation upon his subscription until it shall be 
fully paid unless and until the corporation shall in writing consent to the 
transfer of such stock to another person or other persons who shall assume 
the payment of the amounts unpaid in respect thereof. 

(b) Any part of the stock (except the stock originally issued) may be 
issued as partly paid stock, subject to calls thereon until the whole thereof 
shall have been paid in. The corporation may declare and may pay dividends 
upon the basis of the amount actually paid upon the respective shares of 
stock (whether greater or less than the par value thereof) instead of upon 
the par value thereof. 

(c) No contract or other transaction between the corporation and any 
other corporation shall be affected or invalidated by the fact that any one 
or more of the directors of this corporation is or are interested in, or is a 
director or officer, or are directors or officers, of such other corporation, and 
any director or directors, individually or jointly, may be a party or parties 
to, or may be interested in, any contract or transaction of this corporation 
or in which this corporation is interested, and no contract, act or transaction 
of this corporation with anj^ persons or person shall be affected or invalidated 
by the fact that any director or directors of this corporation is a party, or 
are parties, to or interested in such contract, act or transaction, or in any 
way connected with such person or persons; and each and every person 
who may become a director of this corporation is hereby relieved from any 
liability that might otherwise exist from contracting with the corporation 
for the benefit of himself or any firm, association or corporation in which he 
may be in anywise interested, provided he shall disclose the nature of his 
interest and shall not vote as a director in favor of anv such transaction. 

Appendix — Part II 

Exhibit No. 1. 

21. Maan X939. 

H«rrn von Bismarck, 
D«utsch-Affi€ir ikatd sck« 

10 S«8t 40. Str»et, 
K«w York City. 

6ehr ge«h,rtQr Herr von Bismarck I 

Ich dftxiite Ihn«n nochmals fuer das raisanda 
Kruahstuack. Bs war irlrklich sehr nett imd ganuatlich 
urid as hat mich gaiiZ ausserordentlich gefraut, Sie naaher 

Ich hoffa, dass Sia air bald die Frauda ma- 

chan und mit air »»s9n wardan. 

In dar Anlag© moechte ich Ihnan haute kur» 

aainan Lebanslauf ait ainar klainan Fotografia fuar das | 

German - Amarlcan Coaunarca Bulletin «usandan. 

Mit hasten Gruossen und 

Hail Hitler I 

• Ihr ^ 

UanTred Zapp. 

1 Afila^ta^ 




Exhibit No. 2 



lUnfrad Zapp. 

Transocaan G.a,b.K., Berlin ( Drahtlot* Mach- 
rlchtandlanata ) hat nach alnigan Monatan Vakans Ihra 
Maw Yorkar Vartratunf wladar basatst. 

Dr. Hazifrad Zapp lat alt dar Laituji< daa Maw 
Xorkar Buaroa» 341 lUdlson Avanua batraut wordan. In 
dautschan Prasaakralsan lat ar bakaiuit duroh aalna Var- 
oaffantllchungan In sahlralchan Zaltaclirlftan und Tagaa- 
saltungan. Zulatit war ar Im Tranaocaanbuaro In Berlin 
taatlg. worhar batta ar Transocean In der suadafrlkani- 
aohan union Tartratan. 

Wenn dar naue TranaoceanTertratar auch jatst 
Biia aratan Mai In Maw York wallt» ao alnd iha die Varal- 
nlgtan Btaatan und Kanada nlcht anbekannt. In dan Jaliran 
1930 und 1931 hatte ar aof alner 18 aonatlichan StuAlan- 
und Vortraearaiaa Gelaganhalt gahabt«Kanada und die vast- 
lichen Staatan von Nordaaarlka kennen und lleben su lar- 
nen. Er staht aalt Janar Zalt alt vialan aalnar aaarika-> 
nlschan Freunda in angatar ruablung. 

Manfred Zapp, der in aalner rhelniichen Aus- 
spracha seine Heioatstadt Dueaeeldorf nicht Terleugnet, 
ist Tlel In der Melt berumgeworfan worden. Die europaa- 
ischen Laander, ait Auanahae Skandlnavlens und der Bal- 
tlschen Laender, sind Ihm alia wohlbekannt. Bin Jahr Paria, 
ewei Jahre Rom, haeuTlge Besuche nach London brachtan ihn 
mlt fuehrenden Maennem Frankrelchs, Italians und Bnglands 
rusaoaen. Lie Balkan Staatan. Holland, Belgien, Spanien 
und Portugal wurden wiederhoit von ihm besuoht. Kr war ain 
halbes Jahr in Moskau taetlg und hat as wiederhoit ia Auf- 
trage grosser deutachar Tageszeitungen, wie FrankTurtar 
Zeitung, Berliner Boeraenzeltung und grosser Provlns-Zei- 
tun^skonzerne besucht. Er hat fast ain Jshr In Japan gelebt. 
Waehrend daa Mands churl schen Kr leges war ar In der Mand- 
schurei und in China. Vor Ausbruch des Abessinieschen ICrie- 
ges besuchte er auT Einladung der itallanlschen Reglerung 
die italienischen Kolonien. Fuer den Scherl-Verleg hat er 
8ued-und Zentralaf rika, sowie die eheznaligs deutsche Kolonie 
Ostafrika bereist.' Fuer die Berliner Boersenseltung \ind einer 
Gruppe grosser ProTlnzzeltungen ist er in Irland gewasen.Zu 
Beginn des spanischen Feldzuges war ar Korrespondent der Ber- 
liner Boersenzeitung und der Koelnischen Zeitung in Portugal. 



Exhibit No. 2 (continued) 

Studlen u«b«r Portvigal hat «r in eln«m Buch " Portugal, 
•In Autorltcerer Staat  susasiavngefasst. £r hat Tortraege 
an deutaob«n und autlaendischen Hochschulan gahaltan. 

Salna Jetsiga Aufgaba in Naw York 1st die ^dl* 
Iater«ssan d«* Transoc«annachrlchtanbuaros in dan V«r«inig- 
tan Staatan und Kanada su vartretan. 

Die Tranaooean G.m.b.H.,dia la Fruahjahr 191A 
Ton einer Gruppe Haaburgar Wirtschaftlar» Bxportatiren und 
Banklars gagruandat wordan war, Ist auch haute noch ein Privat- 
xmtam<^«nf daa aahnllch »ie hler In Aaarlka die United Presa 
Oder d^P International Newt Serrlca, but 1b kleineren Omfange, 
Zaitungan in aXIar Welt alt ■achricbt«x balieXert. Transocean 
itt auf alX«n lardtailaa vartretan uad «lrd in alien Laeiuiern 

falaaan. Dan fiearaisandan ist TranaocMin doroh dan taegllchan 
ohlffsnachrichtmdlanat bakannt* 

Exhibit No. 3 

6. April 1939. 

Harm Dr. VmEmamr, 
10 East 40 Str««t« 

S^ur gMlirtar Or. D«g«a*r S 

Ich Mndt* Ihnen vor •lAlgan Tagaa dorch Harm 
Ton Blaaarck ainan kursan Z*ab«3ialauf ran air uod acijaar 
Taatifkalt. leh aoaehta Sla bit tan, diaaan Labanalauf 
in Ihraa Bullatln nloht tax TaroaTfantHchan, da ich la 
Atigaablick kalnan Wart darauf Iaf«» Irgandvaloha Publlsl- 
taat su arlancan, dann ieh aoachta nlcht noch aahr Auf- 
■arksaakait dar air uabal aollaxKlan aaarlkanltohao Prasaa 
a\if alch lankan^ dla at slcharllch iMgruaasan vuarda, 
duroh Ihr Bullatln auf aloh aufaarksaa gaaaeht su vardan. 

Aua dlasaa GruxKia aaara Ich Ihnaa dankbar, wanz^ 
Sla air aalnen Lebanslauf stiruacksoodan koanntan. 

Mlt dautsehaa Qruas 

Manfrad Za 



Exhibit No. 4 
Deutsche Bottchaft Washington, D.C., den 30. August 1938. 

Lieber Zapp ! 

Vielen Dank fur Deinen Brief vom 22. August. 
Ich war bereits dariiber unterrlchtet , dafi Du die Vertre- 
txmg von Transocean in den Vereinigten Staaten ubemehmen 
wurdest.und habe micli aufrichtig dariiber gefreut. 

Ich sehe. Deinem Besuch Ende September ent- 
gegen ujid werde gem zu Deiner VerfUgung stehen, urn Mr 
das Einarbeiten zu erleichtem. Glucklicherweise kennst 
Du die Vereinigten Staaten Ja aus frliherer Erfalirung, 
■and es wird Dir verhaltnismaBig leicht fallen, Dlch einzu- 

Die Aufgabe ist naturlich nicht ganz ein- 
fach; Dein Vorganger hatte wenig Erfolg, was allerdings 
wohl auch auf personliche Grlinde zuriickzufuhren war. Wich- 
tig ist >^ ]l er w.iife* uuLk , dafl eine Uberschneidung mit dem 
Dienat des D.N.B. in New York und Washington vermieden 

Mit herzlichen GriiSen 



Herm Dr.phil. Manfred Zapp, 
Berlin W 15 

Pasanenstrasse 32. 



Exhibit No. 5 

24. Bov«aber 1939. 


Harm Fr«ih«rr H, von Bothm«r, 

Tudor Towcr^ 

Sa6t 42nd Street, 

^ffi ^Qfk QX%Y_^ 

S^AT gaaiirtdr H«rr Ton Sothamr t 1 

2ch ao»cnt« Ihn«n vieljsels fu-^r Ihre feuf- 
opiernae Teacigjselt dan^cea. Sie hatt^n dlt •chwert Aui'- 
g«b« u«o«rnc^ffl«», uaaeren TransooeajQ-afeohricIiterMlienfit 
«eit«r«n Ba»«i»ttn aAiu»iubjria«^«ii und httben dl9S« Aufgftbs 
in d«& liiif&n«« in r^aftnrttodcr Weise •rfuellt. In dste 31« 
•lie dl« S,®ute «rf«fl»t habsn, dia In ihr AuTgebtngebiet 

loh mottchte lhn«n fu«r Ihr« ©rfoigrelchen 

Besuehung9n bestana danken. 

fiit dttutflohaa Qruas I 



i Manfred Zapp. 



Exhibit No. 6 

den 12. Dezeaber 1938. 

Herrn Generalkonsul 
Dr. Hans Borchers 
Deutsches Generalkonsulat 
17 Battery Place 
New York City. 

Sehr verehrter Herr Ceneralkonsull 

In der Anlage moechte Ich Ihnen elne Durchschrift meines Berlch- 
tes nach Berlin ueber die Foreign Press Association rusenden. 

Gleichzeitig moechte ich mir erlauben Ihnen mitzuteilen, dass 
ich 341 Madison Avenue ein klelnes Buero aufgemacht habe, von 
wo ich die Transoceannachrichten vertrelben will. 

Aufgirund aeiner hiesigen Studlen und Beobachtungen halte Ich 
die Moeglichkeiten fuer Transocean groesser als ich bisher an- 
genosunen habe. Aus diesem Grunde halte ich es fuer «icht,lg 
in Berlin muendlich meine Auffassung darzulegen und werde vor- 
aussichtllch morgen mit der Bremen nach Deutschland fahren, um 
in etwa a Wochen wieder in Ne» York zurueck zu sein. 

Heil H-tlerl 

-danfred Zapp. 

1 Anlage. 


Exhibit No 
Deutsche Gesandtschaft 

Pretori*. den 2K0ktober 1938. 

Lieber Herr Zapp! 

Ihr 3chrelb«n vcmb 10. v. M. nebst, alien Aniagen 
habe ich erhalten. Teh danlca Ihnen fUr Ihre liitteiluiigen, 
die aich wie i.,.:,er sehr intereoeiert haben. Ea let 
schade, daS Sle durch Ihre Entsendung nach Amerlka 
aunjnelir den; audafrUcaniechen Gesichtakreia entsogen 
warden. Ich denke air aber, daS Ihr neuer A-ufgaben- 
krels fUr Sle selbst intereaaanter sein wird, Sie 
werdea drUben eine game Eeihe von Personen treffea, 
die Ifh In (5 en Jahren mei;.cs aortigeu Aufenthaltes 
kenaengelernt habe. Ich bin eichor, daB sie Ihnen, 
wenn Sie nich auf mich bezlehen, geme helfen werden. 

Ich wUnsche liinen ebenfalle ftir Ihre dortige 
Tatigkeit vlel Brfolg urd brauche nioht hlnzuzui"iigen , 
daJ ea luicu freueu #Urde, fcelefccxitlioh wiedex- von 
Ihiien zu htiren. 

Hit wiederholtem Baok fUr Ir^r 8chreib6n,den 
beaten GrtlBea und 

Hell Hitler! 

Ihr ergebener 

Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp 
Berlin ■- IS 

fueanenstraJBe 72 



Exhibit No. 8 

Der Deutsche Gesandte urd Frau Leitner 
erwidern mit be stem Dank die freundlichen '^iineche 
zn Weihnachten und z;:m neuen Jahr. 

Exhibit No. 9 

a* 15* HOT. 195 8, 

Deutsoha hotmctMtt 

Lieber ttio 



h^tdMT iL-t es air sloht no«gll<^ di«o« T;ooh« 
H«w York su verlaaaeiia d^ lob. Xm Au&exxWSdk 
aoob cinlce wioiitlgit B^sprcdinja^mx hler liabe^ 
di9 idb nloht TeraacoBKi aoechttt* loh wtrd* 
Ml lybuta^ alt Horzu Tomi Xxi Vjaaaiartoxi &«lii« 

£0 fMxt }l9j^ •Hit ein Wiedcr3eb.«i mit Seloer 


D«i2i trvoM: 



Dr. Janfrod Zapp 
• • « • • 

Exhibit No. 10 

Berlin ?.. 15, d. 10.9.1938, 

..;. den Deutsohen Goi^atiidten 
Herrn Rudolf LeAtner 

Sehr ^eehrter Kerr Oesabdterl 

Wl© veroprooheii. mtiohto ioh Ihnen alio Unterla|;en 
aueenden Uber die Sohrltte, di© ich zur Bearbeitung d^r 
eUdaryiicanischen Preeae imtQnio;-men habe. Ich verspre- 
oho air von der DFiirohfUhnaig melner Vorechia^e nioht 
viel, da ea on der Pereonalfrage zu achAitem sohelnt. 
Jedezifalls habe loh me in Mt^gliohstes getan, vaa. das zu 
vemirkliohen, was mir daa einzig £r.' olgverapreohend© 
zu sein sohoint. 

T^eiisozean aendet cioh nun naoh Amorika, raorgen werde 
Ich Deutsol^iland vorlassen xind mich meinata nouea ..rbeits- 
ceblet zuivendan^ Dort worde ich wahrBCheinlich mit 
weaentllch grBssjren Schwieti^jte ten au kik^fen hcben, 
alB in SUdafrlka. SUdafri ;a worde ich jedoch nioht ver- 
ge sson \xz^ naoh meiner RUokkehr axis /'.merika in 1 - 2 
Jahren vielleioht dooh nooh einnal bearb«iton kCanen. 
Hit Hail Hitler bleibe ioh 

Ihr aehr ergebeoer 



Exhibit No. 11 

Lr, LIairfr«4 Zapp 
Gladaton* Hotel 
114 East 52nd Street 
Kew York City, 

yele £:jrac \-:tadr«EB< ; " Truna oews* New Tojrit, den 25. November 1938, 

An den Gesandtrn des Deutsohen Reiohes 
iierm BudolT Leltner 
DfcutBohe Gec>ajidt8abaft 
Pretoria* Sued-^Xrik* 

Srtir verehrter Herr Oesandterl 


Fuer Ihr lia.»eu3w lerdi^eo adtireibeu vom 21, Oktober 1938 Qoeohte 
ioh Hmen -rt-elmala dzuiken, Auch mir tut en leid, daau ouedafriica, 
daa ioh nit soviol Sorgfult -and Lieb© beurbeltco habe, uun gAnn 
neLie^ Qei>Ichtokrex8 entraeolrt iat, IcLi wercbe nun nur xiDdix ueber 
die Ilati«iokluxi£, die Triinnooean in Buednfrika nlniit, auf dea Laufen- 
den i^ehalten, Idx korreBpondiere allei-dinge perscenlicii a;. oh heute 
nooii uit iiT, Dunn und Ltr, tlome, den General itonacor be3\7. jLssIt 
General ISanagei' der South Ai'riceua Preco Ass In in Johanr.eoburg, Aber 
auch dtt8 wlrd Ju mit d» r Zeit trota aller Anatreniiuucen einsolilafen, 

yeine and«m Plaene, die ioh in Suedfli*rikE entwrTfen hntte, rub.eii« 
wie es scuexnt, unter lier. Akten8toe:jrieu der iierllner Ministerien, 
bie wertlen wohl nle Terwirklinht werden. Ale Tor einif:en T-igen der 
Beiereut i\ier d&a Britisohe Weltreioh der Abteilunf: "Aualand" der 
PreiiseHuteilung der iieiohsr«glerur.g irj P.elohriml'iisterluri l\ier Volks- 
auTklaeruivg UAd P]?opag£uida ( ioli glaube so lautet iieme Arrtobezeicii- 
nunt) Dr, fiieBnaiui luer eiuitje Ij^fi in New York n:\r, yerccrat^ er air 
ueine Vor;-ciLlaege betreiYs bued&frika wieder «ur Diskuanibn atellen 
zu lassen. Da aioh die Akten aber nicht nehr bei ihr befinden, so 
glaube ioh rdoat, dasB die Angel eg e-jheit wleder auTgerue-jrt wlrd, 
^Qb.ade« aber ioh. kann mich lelder dooh nicht darur kuen.em. 


iieine Aufgabe hier i;x Ainerika ist so fcross und 30 schnierig, d&ss 
Bie aelne ganae Eaergle in Aospraoh nlmt, Ich glaube Ic^ konnte 
in keinen unguenatigeren Uoneoit alt einer Bolohen Aufgabe betruut 
weruen, Ioh hoi'ie aoer trotBdem TtelterBukonnen, W.e hicBlge Press* 
verbreitet unter 3<dilag»ellen Oreuelaaerchen, die angeblioh. aus 
Berrs Chroniol* odax dem Uanotarter (Guardian artanmen, Tienn dies* Zeitun^ 
gen wixkli(^ diese Naahxiahten s*braoht haben, die em die abge- 
haokten Klnderfaaerule in Belgien ru Eriegsanfang er±nr.em, so werden 
Sie in SoedaiYika sioherliob die gleiohen Kaobriobten, w*nn nioiht 
in der^Daily llail"u2id in"3tai*, so doeh in der  Daily Rrpress" Ton 
Johannesburg geleeer hfiben. Past gana Sew York iat L,ei;en die deut- 
sohen jbarbaren aui'gebradtit . Dies ist die Ataosphaerc, in der i<^ 
Transooean T«rbr«itcn soil. Trotsdera glaubt ia>i, dnus es nli dodk 
uelingen wird die hiesige Fresse bearbeiten su koennoi « 

H0(±uaal8 Tielen Dank fuer Ikr lieuenswuerdiges Schreiben. Mit der 
Bitte un eine gdMrsaast* Elqpfehlunc an Ihr* hoohTercbrte Frau 
Oenahlin bleibe ioh ait 

HeU Hitler 

Ihr selir ergebeaer 



New IOTk.0 dcb 25. IIOTeinb«r 1938. 

Exhibit No. 12 

Dr, Ifemfred Zapp 
Qludstone Hotel 
114 East 52nd Street 
H«w York City 

yel, Plaga 3-4300 

yelegraEpadres3«; * Ir^"f»TlifW8* 

^ Herm Dr. Is£« Burgh&rd Zapp 
Alte SardB Ufer 39 

Lieber bur^bLardl 

Vielen Dank fuer Deinen lieben Brief Toa 9, 11, 38, der siah 
waiirsdaeinlioh gerade alt meinem Brx«f roa 2. ^orwabmr g«kr«urt 
iiat. lofa. habe Dir darin mitgeteilt, dass ich. Dldai bei aelaea 
Pre oxd Tuke aii£«neldet hab*. Idi TTohzie is. London* falls Dl(±i das 
interessieren so lit*, neuerdlzifs lajner in dem. Qxieen Ann's Mansions* 
St. Jaraes Park, London 3W 1, wo Du Dicsh, aber vorher annelden und 
auf micii berufen nuesst^st, Der Prels raer 1 Zimner belaraegt fuenf- 
aehn Schilling pro Tag. Sollte Dir das au teuer seln, so muesst»8t 
Du in ein Boao'ding House Ziehen, -was ich faer Di(±. wahracheinli^ 
fut rgeeigneter halten imerde, da Du dort mehr Qeletienheit hast 
englisch zu sprechen und ait Englaendem auaanmenzukonfinen. 

Dasa es Ubusa E.Zt. nioht Tiel besser geht und sie sich inraer no(^ 
nicht erholen kann aaoht mir Sorgen. Icii weiss auoh nioht, ob 
KbenhEiusen ihr helfen wird, ich hoffe Jedodi das Beste. Wie ich 
im Avigust zuhause war, fandioh aie allerdings so wohl wie selten 
£UTor. Ea tut air schrecklich leid, dass sie nun wieder so herunter 

Ille Bujicart hat air gcschrieben, das:; sie Dioh in Rheihberg ge- 
troffen hat. Sie ist e.ijae amuesante und lustige Prau. Wir Bind 
seit Jahren befreundet gewesea. Ich vruensche Dir z\i Deiner Taetig- 
keit bei Mamiesraaiui vlel Glueok und alles (Jute, 

iilt herelichen Gz-uessen, Tor alien auch an Anneliese* 


I ro« Vorgestem traf Ldi in Wa^ington 

lEerm von (Jinaiid, dpr Dick rielaals cP^ae&aeii laeaat, C-luuad habe 
1 in Llienchexi mit Dir ziis&iainen studiert. 'r ist heute der Vextreter 
j des Propa«:aiidamiaisrteriuaa bei der BotachbJM in Tittahlacton, Er | 

Bckeint ein sehr netter Ueinn m sein, Kannteat Du th ^ na^ert 
^Sdtirelb' aal darueber, denn tcb. habe Tlel ait ihn zu tun. j 



Exhibit No. 13 

Dr. UaruTr^d Zapp 
Gladstoisa Iiot«l 
114 ]?ttBt 52nd street 
Hew York City, 

T«^le.jeLgnadreBae j " yra aa news* « Het» York, dm 25. Uoveuber 1958. 

Eerm Dr. Herbert Zan> 
ilauB*Drei Linden" 
Bottlxaeuser Tr«s 50 
Dms— ldorf~Qerre«h«i« . 

Lieber Nori>ertl 

Vieleii Dank facr D9lxm freundlioiien Z«il«a Tom 10. Hovember. £0 
freot mi oh, dAsr Da bei Herm I^uiit die I^ftfil.xisen reranlasst hast* 
loll ha be insiriBdien auoh lierm lansta Briel, der on das .lOtel Hew 
Yorker" adreafiiert imr, ezhcltea und beaxrtworttt , 

7on Kama hoere ioh, dasi: Talham ann Erbhof geworaen. ist. Lielnan 

herzliohsten OlueckrmaKoh ! 

Gestcm war i<^ in Washington ait [QiOBsen rosojiinen, dev* Dich hers- 
liohst sruessem laesst. Thomsen iat nun wieder lesohaeftotraeger. 
i^ler mioh ist dies sehr aaseuehB, da ich sebLr viel dien^tlioh mit 
\>in, Bu tun ha be. Vorauss'-chtlloh wird llhoasen, wea'. sioh die politi- 
8che Latje nioixt weiter rersohaerft, nooh laa^ 2^it hier bleiben, 
Bnser Cozpsbruder Sohnitaler ist sur Zeit auoh in Hen York. £r 
riei' miou vor ein paar Tagen an. Pc\il de Haen habe i.<i\ nculi(Ai auoh 
einnal besuoht. Er wohnt aber so weit drau.".r«n, das^ es l.;er sohirer 
ist ihn zu erreiohen. 3onst f> heute niolits Jleueo ron hier. Oruesse 
bitte Use, Uit her*li(±Len Qrosa 




Exhibit No. 14 

13« F*bru«r 1939. 

t)«utac^x« Botschtft, 

Ich b«Ftftetlge Ihnwn flui^'.tix; ihr f re'jridlichda 
8chreil)«ri vom 6. r«briifti, iowie den Schecr luar dl» ii«oh 
dera 31. Jan»i«r •inee§«ng«'n#G G«bufchr«n ru«r die Tr»n»oc*An 
Nachrichten, <\ef»tin Betrag in riooh* von | 44. CO »lch wl» 
folgt zu»a)r»«n8«ts5t : 


Now York«i Staatsaeltunjj, F*brvi«r i 

WllJ.i Seu.'-«n, Pniladelpait ».. 

Or.nhs Taggliche Triban«,jr'«hi'uar Ijij 


tJtllfornla D«n)oVrr«t, i^ebruar und Maers 

Claa»ns MArxjDt8oh*Aa«r,H«nd4ltfC8T.m«r 

in Smn Franc taco, Februar a. Ma«rz. 

Waachtar nnd Anzalgar In Cievaiandj 

Ftbrusr und aeerz 

California Staatsf^ituna: in Lo« Ang^lea, 

Dautfche 7eltang fuar Canada In Wirjn ipaf . bis Jt^nl . . . ; . . ig 44 »0Q 

Hail Hitler ! 





Manfred ^app. 

274T78 — 40 — pt. 2- 


Exhibit No. 15 

i 'Washin^^ton D.G., den G.I-aerz 1939. 

Lieber Zapp ! 

Palls es noch nicht geschieht, 
noechte ich Lich bitten, den Generalkon- j 
'sulat in Ottav/a una dem Ilonsulat in I.ion- ' 
treal rejelmaessig den Transozeandienst 
in cnglischer Spraciie zuzusenden, Ausser* 
den wuerde es sich empfehlen, ein Ange- J 
bot 'onter probeweiser Ueberse. dung dee 
en^lischen Dienstes an M, Adrian Arcand, 
Case Postale 2290, Llontreal, den i'uehrer 
der icanadisc:ien national en Ein2ieitspar- ^ 
tei (Parti de l*Unit6 liationale d-i. Cana- 
da) zu senden. 

Ich sehe mir .. .. Lioast re.jel laee. i 
Jeden i'ag an una finde, dass er umfang- 
reich, zuverlaessig und gut redigiert '^ 

ist. l.of f entllch sind auch die Sciiwierig* 
iieiten beI:oben, u ber die -/yir vor einigen 

Tiiochen sprachen. Sonst lacs es mich bitte 

-2- -^ 

wissen, den^i ich bin jern bereit, von 
hier aus alles zu tun, ura den Difenst 
auf eine normale and geschaef tsaaessi- 
ge Basis zu stellen. 


Exhibit No. 16 

9. lia«ra 1999. 

Bwrm Botsohftfttrftt Hr, Bftna Tboas«a» 
D«ut8clui B«tsohaXtf 
Waahington. D. C. 

Li«t«r T&oai««n t 

Tl«l»n D»nk fu«r D«in*s fr«undIlclMO Brl«f tmi 6. 
lU«rx. D«« Q«n«ralJc<m«ulAt In Ottava und d«a Kooaulat la 
Moatr**! •riil«it«D bishar r(»e«Ia««s»ig d^n Tr«aa««««iiAi«n«t 
In dauttchar Syraoha* Ab haut* vardaa ala auoh dan aeflla«li»m 
Traxuiocaandia&at arhaltaa. 

Sbaaao habe loh vara&Iasst, daca M. Adrlaa Ar««jid r^gal- 

Ba«aalg unaaran Diana t arh*alt. loh hmb» iim balliagandaa toir^l- 
ban sugaachlckt* 

Bin Tall aalnar Sohvlarlgkal^n lat katebta. lob iMilt 
jatftt Jadooh valtora SchvlarlfJcaiMa, da vlr uaaarm fi|4i9^ti 
nur aahr uiu*ag9laaa«alg Mar aufaalaaan koannva* 4«nn d^a^Tagti- 
aai^ttngaa alnd tolla aohwaoh, taU.a imh<»arbax odar t«lXa dvrdk 
at«rka lolioarraklMi ^aatoart. Xoh iaiba duaaardaa jatet •!»•» Nir*, 
aonalwaahaal ▼vmateaa iRi*aaan« aed«»a leh vorlMraflg aioht 
aaoh laahlngtoa koHian tenn. 

loh baal»alohtlga abar, in H 3ag«n * vann aaaglltil aiif 
alna Wooba - naoli laahlngtan au f aluran* 

Bia dahla auf Vladara«h«x 




Exhibit No. 17 

U. Matra 1939 

Harm BoUch«Xtftrftt 

Dr. ^ns Thoai»«nf 
X>«ut»ch« Bot«oh«ftf 

In d«r Anlag* »o«cht« ioh Dir •in«a Artik*! ^ 
 tuRdfty Mirror  •ohiok«n, dar Dlcb intar^ftlcrvn 

leh hJib« dartufhin heute Toa I>«part«ent of 
8t«to, Ch&rld« W. Toattf Attlstont Chiof, Dirrlaior of 
Controls, eine froundlloho Auffordorung, odro»tlort oa 
Tronsoooftn PT»«a ftorvlco, boJconaoni uat su rogiatrloroa* 
Ich hitbo, vlo Du woliot, untor aoinaei lomon r*fl«%rtor% 
in dor ArjULteo. doos diet fonuoft und hobo dohor on Eorra 
Chorlos •• loat oinon Briof fooohriobon, twi do« Ich Dlr 
oino Durchoohrift boilogo. 

Ioh bOAkMlotetigo, sobold wlo •ooglloh riooh 
Woshingtwi su ifoiioim, koan obor, do ich talor in aoirm 
Buoro Torooiiiodono ForaonolTorooodoriangoii vornohBoa ■M*»« 
in diooov oior dor nooohotoo Voete oloht oMcaaaoa. 7 

Kit horsliohoa Oruoooon uad < ^ 

loU BUIos-i ^^- 



1 Artikol. 

1 Durohaohrift. 
f • 6. Soabon u«borfiol oioh oia Vortroior dor " Radio Poily * 
laad frofto fflioh ouf Orund do*  Suaftajr Mirror • -> Artikola 
ouo. In dor A.nlogo moino AuTsoichnung. 


Exhibit No. 18 

27. Jxinl 1939. 


U«rrn I>r. ii«rb«rt Blanteenborn, 
D*ntsch« Botschaftf 
VAahizi(tan» D. C. 

8«br (Mlarter Herr Blankcoh^rn i- 

Bel 3Min«B lctct«aT AuTttnttiAlt In WashlnctOD spracii 
leh Ihn«i daToa, dMts Mr. QaarX** A. V«lls •■ 1. Jail sit scinor 
Frau uofA s«l&»s kl«in«B 6miaktibmn na<^ I>«utachl«nd £»«tart. 

Charles A. *ells aUuest aus «ixMi7 Qua«ik«rfaBlll« uM 
l«i infolged*S8ac »«txT sch&rf g9g«n J«d«n Krtig •IngMtsllt. 
S«liM Pr«a staoKt &us «iaer slt«n Faaille d«« Bu«<i(Byi ood i«t 
•u« di«ser Tradltioa facrau* siistMrordMilLioh atark «atia««itl»cb. 
S83 iOMspAAT «chMt£t; CatttschlfiM itaA <krat»elM Kultur aiuMM7«rdent- 
lieh. 8s iat »chaa Bsbrfsci* la Deutoofeland (■«»««&« hftt ir»rtchl«-> 
d«atXloh «uch die ^1»« \m Ait W«lt ^tatme^ vaa& tMHart alt ?«»-li»- 
hm mf d«atsclien I^«pf«rn« aIl«H» Boyicett tarn Trots. 

Dwrlcs A. Il«ll8 ist J<mrxiAllsi&, Zoieteisr uad kMlt 8«hr 
▼lal* TortxtMgv la Laa6«, In d«r Hoffnnrts, dureb 9miXi9 ArlMlt tarn 
AllfffaMlnca Frlsttan usad Km Vorstettndnla fueur sadArs Voslicc? teixu> 
tr«gaia. S«in« ArtUcal slnd »7ndlsl«rt In •!&«§ •l#so»i 8j>ntlkat. 
Sia w«rd«n vxrn HO Z«lfemg«B abg«druckt, S«in« Wrma sekral^t temr 
lhr«aea8«ltung«i uod Z«ii0clvlf t«n «o«<ih«ntlleb* ArtUuil unter 1^«b 
M— <icb«ar>«aap SUsAbsth KftCSlac B«:Titln. 

Icb woard* •• tvtmr in^r^sstmt l»l%«n, ««rm 81« Hr. 
Cterl«i Ae Vdll* an Dr. Pra«s«r ^tm d«r larl 8«burts Tarainlfoa^ 
Mipf^ilKX vtaarten alt dar Bltte Mm biAllf llok an 9»ln, da&a «r ven 
Dautschland dia Dins* slaht» dia iiax basatidara istarasalaran. jMr. 
laila 1st basoodars Intaraaslart* alnlga Prassabuaros uad Salianctm 
In Barlln su beslchtlsasi, famar 1st ar als ^lehnar tesoodar In dar 
Plakatkunst intarasslart, basoodars politlscbar Plakata. Famar aoach- 
ta 0T g9Ttx Inf«r8tatloa«n hsban uabar das ferhaaltnis dar Frassa uad 
dl« Bll4ats£ dar offantlle^aa KalnunK sun f«gan»aertl4(«m Raglas, via 
•r sloh ausdruaekt. 

Mrs. Sails 1st Intarasslart als SehrlftBtallarla voo 
Frauansaltungan und SaltsohrlftMi In Zonanalnricbtungan var- 
schladanar Haausar, siwotxl dar Haauaar Vohlhabandar wla dar 
Anoan. 81a 1st aussardaoi Intarasslart in naua Foroan von Xunst- 
gawarba, Moabal, QArtarJcunst, £uachaf Klndarpflaga ate. Zoh 
glauba« dass hlar durch Harm Dt, Draagar srtir gut gaholfan vardtti 
kann. Ich parsoanllch aarda Mr. Walls an Harm Dr* freahllch la 
Propaganda* Hlnlstarlua ampfahlan. Dlasar kann Ifan dann, falls ar 
lntar9S3l«rt 1st, ait Or. Bo«aar sueaaaKtbrlagan. Bin Basuch tela 
Gasandtan Pre/tag aaara vlallalcht fuar balda Talla Intarassant. 

loh waara Ihnan dankbar. vaqoa 8ta We, k Mrs. Valla bald 
In Barlln anaaldan ko^nntan^ da sia baroits oa 1. <3ttll abfabran. 

^s gruasst 81a alt 

Ball Hitlar t 

Manf rad Zapp 


Exhibit No. 19 

30. J«ki 1939. 

Herm Dr. I'rochlich* 

Ab^vilant AuslaeoAlsch* Fr«fts«« 

6^r gMihrUT ti»rr Dr. Fro«lilicii I 

Ea rcist li«ut« alt o«r  Br«ai«i'.k " Ala •■•rUBftnischer 
jPr^uncl voQ sir, lur. C^ari** A. *«lls, cACh D«utscliL«M. 

Chiuie^ A. W«xli>. fitMAt &US ttlCAr Qu&k«rra«lli« unA 
'1st infolgedesser. s«hr scharf tecao J«4«c Xrlo^ elbgeBtoIlt. 
&«ln« Krau Bt&oat aus alnsr al&«c FaAlll* d«s ttt<v<l«ia« una i:>t 
•us cti»s«r tradition haraus aussarordazstXlch atarji: antiaasitlsch. 
uaa Lhap^ar aciouj&ab i^ut>calajrta ubd oautsabs Sultur auasarat ilMll 
lirh. E» i«t sciion wUiTfacn in Cautsclilsiwi g««a»«n, hat varschla- 
tfantlioA aucb dia Haia* ua Ale %>alt gaaacht uMi faaart nit Vor- 
llaba auf dautvcAaii Daispierrx, allaai Boyicott zvm Trvts. 

CiiarLea A. Wella ist Journalist, Imtctatmr «nd haalt 
•aitf Tlaia; Vortraaga JLa Lauoa, in uar HotLmtmgf 6uroti aal&a 
Arbait sub alissxaliwn } rioAan uoA sua VarataanAala fuar andara 
VoaXKsr balsuUSjian. bbii^ ArtlAal slnA syiiAlsjLsrt ia elnaa 
•Igaiian t;ynalJtat. Sia aar^an van 110 Zai^tvayac abgaAruckt. iiaina 
Fsmu actu-albt Tuar FrauaasaitaacaB ujoA Zaitac^iriXtaa aoechantlAalM 
ArtJJcal untar Ihraa MaadcbansMUMn Elisabeth aacRea Boykla. 
Walls bat sussarAaa gaalssa Plaana, ala aaa Ala vaffantlicba ■*!- 
nunf In ^r l^alt baarbaltan kaxm, IM Ala VaalHar aofsuklaaran. 
Diaaa AiurafU2i£a& sliiA vlallaici:«t ;sas Ictaraasaat bIcJb aasu- 
boaraa. Vans 8ia Aaa ElaAruck ksbaa, Aass as Otr. Soaaar Intar- 
asslarty siaA Sia viallaicbt so fut uxvd stallan Mr. Walls I>r. 
Boaaar vox. Kr. Walls ist basonAars intarassiart, aialga fT9»»»^ 
buaros udA £«ituii«aa ic Barlia su baslckticaa* faraar ist ar ala 
ZeicitnaT basondars ta Aar FlaJcatkuaat iataraaslart* basonAars 
politischar PlaJtata. Farnar soacbta ar garn Infaraatiaoaa babaa 
uabar Aaa VerlMtaltnis dar Prassa ucA Ala BilAuat Aar oaffant- 
licban Ma intiin si^a gagaaaaartigan iiagiae, ala ar sich ausAmaekt* 

Ich waara Ibnan AaziOcbar, oaca Sia Br. Walls aapfaagaa 
UDd itatt batiilfUcii sain Xoaantaa. 

Alt dan bastan Gruassan uziA lail Hitler 1 





Exhibit No. 20 

JiMM, 30, 1939. 

Berrc Charles A. UmlXs, 
16 Cr«en£cr«s, 
SaursdaXs, lies Xork. 

I snciosd hercaltJ^ l0%tmrs &£ Ir.trsAikctiin to 2 

Ejaii..*l«I«<tJallMm*„Jft£iia. ««so is « ^ry fi^ie i**y ««* a rsry 

good rrl««i4 o." cftl-i^. Sb» is izj, th» ««c<jbvJ aaiif oT forty , hs» 

« very jiic« pwrjwssmlis/ an4 y©*.i «**/ ia*ru i&aair tltUagft rr«i her. .^ 

Sr. F roghlfcli. Miiust,:'/ ojT Px©|>a««^«ia ausd Public £nil|^t«!sa«it | 
IJEtEe DepartWKfii of ?®r«ign i>r«S3. H« Jan. ja^Xj yow a Itt &nd .; 

I ims* /<»! Kill s«e ais. | 

Mmt ^\^xxt^T ^ui,'i*^ ifM^, adicoi- oi » *lJa4B uzia lHwxQt », an« of 
t^ outst«mllrs^ BWga«ing< cm rorwifn policies and /o^ath •ovwwn&. 
£U» i& «xi outsm;xiing young ci^y autd vlU jprobably beip y«ru a gr««t 

.iilhl^' a^JfflgBt Mitoar, AuU»or of mmar/ tovks uid »afl^ilats. H« 


a var/ diiicin iBt«r«^at«ii lu r«i'«i.^i poXlclaa ana coolA giva you 
oflcty gtwd izif<HnaBtixieui. 

trip azsd la ««11 Infomad <m foralgn affairs.ite probably cenxlA 
halp you. 

^ffr| - |x^ jrpE H«ti^yt^.^ pW D«utaclie CsntxalboAaaoiaradit 1. C, 
Barlla k. W. 7, Qatar dan Jdadan 48-5o i« a closa frland «if jBlna 
aoil is hoIxLlnf a posltioa aa • laqnwr in « big iMauc ilka Rauben. 

Vith baat ragarda 

Yours vary slncaraly. 



Exhibit No. 20 (continued — 1) 


Zcatrtlorlis 6tr NtOAF. 
Frtni Ekir Nidil. 0.m.».H. 
ZBtltaUtttrlillaafl •trlla 

•tfii.wM, 11. Juli 1939. 

KarUrAtnRratr It 
Ttl. tt*«ti 

Dr.-imfred Zapp 

341 luadis:in Avenue 

Kevi York City 

Liebtr Herr Dr. Zar^ ! 

Vielen Dank fur ILre Nachricht aus Nev7 /ork, ich bab- mich 
sebr ^efreut, viieder von Ihnen zu hbren, Ich habe gerade in 
der letsten Zeit ofter an iiie j^edacht im Zusrinmenhang mit 
unsereii Portuf^l-Aufsatz, den ich aktualisieren lasr.en mcchte, 
in der lioffnoiiy, daas liinei; eini^.e Abschwi'Chun- en senr lieb 
sein werden. 


Aus dem gedruckten Briefpapirr entnehme ich, dass Sie sich 
fur eine lan-ere Zeit in Ke;v lork aufzuhalten beabsiclitigen, 
i»as miederuQ b:i mir den Ruckschluss zulasst, dass Sie nun 
eifrig fur "Wille und i-acht" von I»e7? lork aus iJonderberichte 
schicken. Es tate viirklich not, wenn man hier der jun^.n Ge- 
neration griindliche Berichte von Sachkennera vorsetzen wiirde. 

Ihrer Bitte, mich um Charles A. Wells su kUnmem, leiste ich 
gem Fol.°:e, obschon ich personlicb es nicht tun kann, da ich 
eine Hbunv atifeiste. Ich werde aber dafiir sorgen, dass er bei 
seiner Ankunft in Deutschland empfangen ..ird, in Berlin die 
Reichsju endfuhrung kennenlemt und einige Fiihrerschulen und 
Zeltla^er beachtioien kann. Ich werde ihm auch behilflich sein,^ 



Exhibit No. 20 (continued — 2) 

\rf ^^^g;gj 

eini^e Berlin r Dienststellen kennenzalmen. 

Mit besten aiiisaen und ViUjischen fir Ihre Arbeit in 

New York 


Heil Hitler! 

(/ (Kaafinann) ~ 


ExHiniT No. 21 /% .^ 

1. Jul! 1939. Vi- [ 

DeutBGh© Botschuft, 

Ll«ber Gienaatta 1 

In d«r Aala£« ssnde Ich Ihaen ain« Abachrifi 
B«ln«s W9ch«nb«richtes voa 16, Juni, in dm loh u«]Mir Milnwi 
Besucb auf der tldlt*us«Ullun« b«rlcht«t hab«, sur fr«xind> 
lloh«n V«r«*iidu]3£. 

Ba grutast Sis alt 

Hail Hitlar I 

Manfrad Zapp 

1 Aalaga* 


Dr. v.. 

Th. Fr"h]lch 




rtendpjm 97/9". 


Herrn Tr, Manfred 


541 i: 



Exhibit No. 22 

Berlin, 12. Juli 1939 

ieh'r geehrtcr, lieVer Kerr Dr. Zepp! 

Fiir Ihien letr.tfn Brief so- ie ftir den friiheren vom 17. 2. 
d. J. denke ich Ihnen viclraals. 

Da icli Vis witte Auc^st ir Urlcub bin. It be ich Kerrn Dr. 
Ueissner - npin Vertreter ".rid rjichfolj:er von Kerrn Dr. Wismonn 
(nunmfhr LeG»*ionssekretiir) - ujn <" ie r*r<?uune Ihres enerikanl- 
schen Freundes ^cbeten. — 

Ich bedeure sehr, defl immer noc>. kein Eericht iiber die 
Association of Foreign Correspondents vorlle-t. Te'to nehr habe 
ich mich uber endere F.erichte von druben cefreut und begriisse 
es vor allem, daB mlr Herr von Homeier Abrchrlften Ihrer Derichte 
zukommen l&Bt, die fiir mich rtets sehr inrtruktiv sind. 

Wann Ich das nt'chste Tnl nach dr'iben konune, weifS ich leider 
noch nicht. Ich wc-de mich aber auf Jeden Fall freuen wieder 
mit Ihnen zu plaudcrn, sei es nun in Berlin oder in Tew York. 

Kit besten Griii^en 

und Heil Eltler! 

Ihr sehr ergebener 

I -^. /?. t 





Harm Lcgationsrat 
H«rib«rt Yon Streap*!^ 
D«ttt«ctae -^otsohaft, 
Vathingtonj 0. C« 

Exhibit No. 23 

28, JuU 1939. 

Ll«b«r Str«Bp«l I 

leh »Mcht« Ihnwai iMut* aittttilaa, dass Ich 

in Srfahzomf fabracht baba^ daaa Mr. Qritttn, • ■anaglng 
aditor of tha * law York Enqulrar " «- aln kathollaobar Iran- 
faahrar in lav 1ot)c, dar la Oaganaats su aalnaa Brudar nloht 
aahr dautaohfraiintlliob lat, aa naaobstan Mlttvooh axif aixiaa 
aaarlkanlachan Daapfar naoh Dautselilaiid faahrt.Vlallaleht 
koazmta Barlln darauT auilaarkaaa gaaaoht wardan« das a •t In 
dla rlchtlgan Haaoda faallt. Orlffln raiat ala Prlvataann und 
lat auf alnar i»arsoanllehan Inforaatlonaralaa. 
Earxlloha Oruaaaa uzmI 

Hall Eltlar t 

Manfrad 2app 



Exhibit No. 24 
Dcut[d)C5 0cneralhon[ulat Son Sranclsco, Calif., 

0erman Conjuloic ©eneral 

2UI SanloRK Sttfci 

d«n 13. Jul! 1939 

In your rrply ple«M trttr to | 


A\lil 7 e 

Hevor ich anliefende ncchnunr begleiche, ware Ich 
fiir eine fefallire kitteilun/? daruber dankbar, ob es sich 
Kierbei un Kosten fur due >1em Generalkoneulat felieferte 
iixemplar h&ndelu, dae ^ieKer kostenfrei Ubersandt worden 

* ie noch weriien die Kosten fiir die fUr dem 
California Demokrat und der ueutBCh-Amerikanischen Handela- 
kamner felieferten £xemplare sein'' .irsteres exemplar wtrd 
^erebenenfalla von Mer be^a- It werden. 

Im Auftrag 
gez . 1x3 per 

den 24. August 1939 

Auf das vorstohende uc^reiben iet eine Antwort 
bisher hier nicht einregangen. Ich darf die An^ elepenheit 
hiernilt in trinnerung brln^en. 

Im Auftrag 

Transocean Berlin 

341 Mad ison Avenue 
Mew York Cit^ 





Exhibit No. 25 
** Deutsche Botschah v/shinr* 


1 -.'--r Si: 
;p3 h^n^er. ?lch 


P'jst an uno. a"^- 

I^r '.'ortr: 

•'lichen "le^ierh"!! 
hsuptsuchllchen 0-esiohtspunkte 

- , ■•■-r '.'.err Ton" rip Lol'-'ji" Ihres 

-■""^ - ;  ' e- "Ir.^, ich hofe aber, class 

3ie ';rotz::5:; rec/ " :'". .;^-i■?■-;nll i^-' hlerher kommen, urn 
r,,r.v ^,,iv„t pjj_^ una • FUhlun j- ■>•■ --♦'icen. 

K-11 Hitler 1 


bin Ich 


Dr. ranfrcd Z a p p 
341 i^adlson Avenue 

" e IV r o I- '•- 






Exhibit No. 26 

22. Juli 1939, 

An <Si« ^•utscha Botsohaft 
s. Hd. von fl^rrn 
Itcgatioiuirat Ton 8tr«^«l, 
•ashingtonf D. 0. 

In d«r Anlage t«nl« loh Ihn«n clns ^eitschrlf t 
* Th* Foreign Outlook ", h«rausg«g«b«n von Arthur W.Macph«raon« 
dor waohrond dos Kriogoi 1b * British Socrot Sorrloo * war. Es 
wlrd 61o dloso ZolttchrlXt alohorlloh Intorosaloron. Hoogliotaor- 
volso lot slo Ihn«n cuch bokannt. 

Itr, Hacphorton hat aoln Buoro In tho Canadian 
Pacific Building. 

Mlt douttchoiB (k\x9S2l 
Hani' rod 2app 

1 Anlago. 

i .i«;«KSrT»3»Bi«tSiiSI«5 



Exhibit No. 27 

2. Aogiitt 1939. 

H*rm Frits K«iittra«i«r« 
U«nd«It«tt»ch« der 
Dtjutschen Botschaft, 

X7 Batter/ PUo«, 
Haw lork City. 

Lit bar Sarr &alXarMiar I 

In 4a7 Mlaga oabarsaaAa ich Ihaaa, via tW' 
sproahan* alna Rada das Torsi tsaodan das Varttaodas dar 
B. C* A«» dar slab ia aiaar basaadars cahaassifaD Vaiaa 
gataa '^aottehlaad ausialasBan Iwt. 

leh tmhm an« dass diasar Tartrac Sia istar- 
asslaraa wlyd* 

Hail Bltlar t 
■anfrai gapp 

1 Aalagac 

Exhibit No. 28 

3. August 1939. 

I>«utsche BotachAft, 
Wasnington, D, C. 

Die ^•viiflDTvr for tunc hat In di«*«i lonat wl*<l«r 
•liuMl Tvraagt und ioh bin In d«n alI«rgro«t«t«n Ho«t«n. loh 
»cht« Ihnsn nur un««r« Xot •inaal n*«h«r idilldem t 

Ab Hontac, dan 31. Jul! ••llt« Ich Tvt&aradlo fu«r 
dl« lauf«nde Voch* $ 50^.42 aovl* fu«r aonatllch* UbkvttflQ 
I 279.49 s«hl«n. Dl«« var nlcht aMflioh. Da vlr ult Traniradio 
•in groasei Gaschaeft hab«n^ koannan wir Traosradlo wartan laa- 
aan. JUo i^lanstag. dan 1. Auguat waran faalllg i Dla Honataaia- 
ten fuar unsera Bu«ro5 In Rew York und Washington, 0a8f llaktrl- 
litaat, Xalafon-, lelcgrcMa- und andara Rachnungan, aowla das 
Oahalt das Huvzx von SoKardt. Dlese Rachnungan konnte ich natuar< 
lich auch nloht lahlen. Is bringt vmM in alsan sehr schlaohtan 
Ruf, wann vir unsorer. »3natlichan Verfflichtungan nicht puankt- 
Iloh nactiko— an koannan. Bs waran ausserdau as I. August Abgaban 
auf dia Oahaoltar faalllg. Dlesa konnta ich abenfalls nicht ba« 
aahlan. Ich aacha aich jatxt strafbar. loaglicharwaisa bringt dat 
dia Xzistanx unsares ganson Buaros in OafatiT. Besondars unanga- 
naha ist as jadach, dass ich aargan dia Voohangahaalter aahlan 
■uss und mir hiarau kaina Kittal &ur Tarfuagung stahan. Ioh haba 
schon in dar latstsn ffacha $ 25.00 aus aainaa aiganan Oahalt 
Targaatrackt. Daa war alias, was ioh antbahran kannta. Da unsara 
Angastalltan. dia auf Woohangahaaltar angawlaaao sind, nioht in 
dar Laga sini su wartan - sia haban kelnan Kradit bai ihran 
Kalonial- und Qaauasahaandlam. alias auae bar boaahlt wardan - 
uiad ieh dia Lauta, dia ^nfang das Honats ihra Kiata sahlan miaa- 
san, nloht hxuxgam lassan karin - sia haban r.iat Tail Faoillaa su 
untarhalt«i •> bin ieh hania galaufan, \m air Gald su puapwi. Sa 
ist air galuagan, bai aiaaa Qaragabasltsar 4 300.00 aufsutraiban, 
ua diaaa Oahaaltar au basahlan. Das sind dia Sorgan, dia ioh 
fuar Tranaooaan haba. 

Hiasu kaaaiKi Prlwataorgan, insofarnf als ich air wor 

ainlgan litaBatan ain Auto angaachafft haba, ait daa loh 
aaioa Fahrtaa aaoha. Diasas Auto iat aalbat-varataaadlloh 
nooh ni^t abbasahlt. Dia *ahluiifaa sind bis sua fuanftan 

iaden lanats faalllg. Wann ioh MLs sua }. diasaa lomta aaina 
ata nloht basahla, wird air das Aato aH ■">—""« Ia>i varliara 
daalt alio biiOiarigan 7iah>OTg«w uad das gansa BlgantMuraoiit 
an daa Auto. Main Kradit iat wivklieh arachaaprt. Ioh baba 
▼iela Stallan ansupuayaa warauoht und alok daduroh in dla alli 
unanganahasta Laga faraatst, Ieh bin in aaiaar Arbait auf daa 
Aaussarsta bahindart. 

Wte warden aeaglioharvalso in dan naaehatan Tagaa 
dia V«irsan^uig von Traaaocaaanachriohtan aiaatallan auaaaaa* 
wail wir nicht das Oold haban, ua unaara Barturiohtaa par foot 

su Toraendan. Waa das haisst. viaaon Sia salbat* 


Xah aeaohte dia Botachaft ua tat bittaa, via loh 
schnallstana aus dlasar furchtbaran Laga harauskoaaan kaaa. 

Hall iliUar I 

Haafrai layp 



Exhibit No. 29 

A. Ayiffust 1939. 

Deutsche Botsch&ft, 
Washington, D. C. 

Ich BUMChte Si« h«ut« schon I«id«r d&rauf «uf- 
BMrksaa aacliAnj d«as ioh AnTang riaachster Woch« s«it««llig 
don Versand von Transoc:eannachricht«n elnstellvn Bustf dm 
«8 sir an dttxi noetigea uitt«ln fehlt, vua Brlcfaarkan su 
kaufen. Main %ldfaiark«nb«8t«nd rsioht nooh fu«r Tlar fiifa 
dank Xhi ar ^ebarwsisung TOa 1. Aufuat fuar dla PortounkoatfK 
das letzten '^onats. 

Hall BlUar t 
Kanfirad &app 

274778 — iO— pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 30 

H«rra L»cstiotisrat 
Osutschu BbtschaTt^ 

iUibmr StrMp*! t 

9. Auf4M» 1939. 

Berlin hftt una so«b«n % 934*00 u«b«rwl«s«n; dai 
l*t •la Troyf^n ouf d*n l»«ia«an St«ln. leh hmb* hlcrron g T «d« 
Aim Ucttfti, T«!l«f on- uQfd T^iein — i »iihii—4«ii d«8 l«tst<m Bonata 
azttA dia Gciiavltar basahlan koannan. 

Ich hAba rviaht basahit : Di» auaatahaoAa Anlaiha. 
Tonn, Berr roa Bckardt und Ich sonnton ims nur alna gana 
1^ tagaia fuar uoaara taaglichan BaAuarfnlsaa hlarvon auruack- 
.taa« TransraAla ataht ooeb aus ait ce. $ 1.300.00. loh w«rda 
^•ralta Tcn allan Saltan f»hnt und halt* ftlc)i infolfadaaaan naeh 
Bmull mill alt too Buaro fam. Dar Sustand iat garatfam tmhaitbar. 
Attf aainan telecraflscban 7arschla«, nach Berlin su raiaan, arhlalt 
Kb dla iNSfllche Jntaart > " Uttan nicht absuralsaa abaartat 
•altara SachrichUn •. Infaisadassan blaiba loh vairlaauTlg hlar 
anS ^Farauaba* aicb durchaulaTlaran. I>iaa lat ki Ibrar paraaaa\lcten 

Uaota Bargan rlaf xiaik FVau 51«nk«iba«« an und iak baba 
■It Vartha Blankanfaem au Uttag gagaaaan. lauta Aband mer^m iiA 
ihr auf Asa Baapfar Labaaakl sagan. 8ia war troti allar Arbait 

K^ar Dlnga unfi friaab and auut^r. H«ute ■hclialttag g«ht sla auf 
Valtaoaatallung. toab ala arlclaarta« <ia«a •« hlmr In lav T«rk 
feainaavaga kuablar sal ala in laaiaagtaB; ia Oafastali^ in Uuraa 
Botalrlatr aaara dia Hitaa unartraagllab. 

Zeh beffa. Ha bald wiadar biar a« aatoaa. B Itta 
flla raobfe baraliohat Ibra GaMla «id laforBlaraD Tiallalebt 
fcara van aainar botlaga. 





Exhibit No. 31 

D€Utfcf>eS fionfulat Winnipeg, TITan. den 17. August 1939. 



341 Madison Avenue, 

New j[oric, N. Y. 

Hiermit Ubersende Ich Ihnen elnen Soheclc uber ^5.90 
zum Ausgleich Ihrer Rechnungen vom 51. J^ai tind 1. Juli d.J. fUr 
gehabte Portounkosten. 

Ult Schreiben vom 9. d.M. tellen Sie mir mit, daS Sle 
aus techniachen GrUnden gezwungen salen, den Versand von Trans* 
oceannachrichten vorlauflg einzustellen. Die Transoceaanachrichten 
waren zur Onterrichtung de3 Konaulats von groSem Wert \md wurden 
die fechrichten auch jaweils an das Deutsche Konsulat In Vancouver 
weitergeleitet. 'Sle ich hare, ist der Versand von f ran3ooeannaoh« 
richten an andere Stellen blsher nicht elagestellt worden. Es ist 
mir daher \merklarllch, aus welchen Griiaden die tlbersend'ong dleser 
Nachrichten an das biesige Konsulat singestellt worden ist. *i« 
Ihnen vlelleicht bekannt, haben wir dlese Uaehrichten ttWaer regel- 
■aSig von der Deutschen Botschaft in 'Sashington erhalten. Ich 
mBchte Sie daher dringend bitten, die Transoceaanachrichten auch 
weiterhin an dieses Konsulat zu senden. Die Ihnen dadurch ent» 
stehenden Portokosten bin ich selbstverstandlich gem berelt xxx 

Hell Hitler? 
Der Deutsche Konsul 

:K:'iijr..j^:s>-i 'Z'2 


Exhibit No. 32 

30* Aufuit 1939. 

Dautfohe* G<in«kral-kon«ul«tf 
2^ 0»?arr»XX »tT—t 

•&n ^ranclsoo» Calif. 

atfexjgm 7 f I, 

Ich dBDk* Ihn«c fwir di* Atoaiirirt XhrM tehMll 
▼oa 13. Jull. das Uh uk 25. Jul! b*«at«ort«t tub*. leh aoCw. 
Ihnaa hl«mit Docbaal* Bitt«iI«A, dast di« Unk^atan 4OT WaHtftriK 
dar Kansulata na«h <KiaokapraokM alt daa dau«Mh«i 0> trt aa f l>tr— » 
gar* Hsrrn l>r. th<Mi»am< vea dan Kon«iil*ta& i«tra««i w wp do . Xaf4ia#i 
da«s«D haba i9h lhnmit\xwe daa Uoaat J\mi | 3.<U «li IMr dcs 
Koaat JuU # 4*72 in ■aaimuns ttalltB auaasM. 

Warm di« 2lost«A fuar dia BaUsfttruag d«gr Ttmiaoo 
xuohrlahtan fu«r dan  Callfomi* >a » » ) apmt * «CMi ZtaMA ••trftf< 
«ard«i» w«rda iah daa « CalifarmlA »aw}krat • U« 

riohtan sua flaiahan ialbstkostanyrslM via Xhasa 
dar  l>au«soh Aaarikanisohaa Haadalsk 

Ion arUubs air» Ihusn la dar Aalaf* dia Abaatarift 

eohraibms voa 25. TuU aaaia dla antapraahaadaB Baahtaa nsa £>isr 
dia noah auss«astahand«a Unkostan sa aatwr s s tt sa. 

fiaU fililav t 

■anfyad Xap^ 




Exhibit No. 33 

31. August 1939 • 

Herrn K,(»uiul Mu«ll«r, 
I>eut»ch9t G«nerAlJlEoatul8t« 
17 B«tt«r]r 91MC0, 
K«w XoTt City. 

8«hr g«shrt«3' ^rr ButvUvr t 

loii JMMClit* ZlUMn h«at« dureb ••Ine BmkftMrin, 
Prau L«hwald» ■•lo* Akt«a »us«zMi«n und Sie bitten, dl«8fl in 
Ihr«a Gvldsohrwak su V92>fcliXi«ts«n. 

Fallt 6i« Xhr« Akt«n Ysrbrenn«n, ao«cht« ioh 
8i« bittMif <lia8«a P«k*t BitsuT«rbr«uMii. 

Hall Hitler t 

'lilanfr*^ impp 


Exhibit No. 34 
rf--r ^^ i«pt«b« 1939 c 

Barm EoniUL H«rtort Sohols* 
Dcutschas %>nsul«t, 

BO»%OQ, IftM. 

■!• ieh Zlmao  9cnnmtmiti mIm» loirs «MMKtt«» 

(•bt loh von j««st ab MMh un««r« TrMi » » ff— n >o h rlctit<a aa 
PrlTstp«rMn«B ak. D«r Prait fu«r 41mm tfaiOBt—nimhrlehtii 


«^"- "'» ^ 3.0Q-ttlt Hflbftc 

loh «Mr« IlMMo «ukter, wn •!• «ir tia* LMii* te»- 
j«ii<«B to«t« lulnfun ll«*s«a, dl« si A f««r «M«r« BiaBinKiii- 
oftoluriehtMi laur*«sl«r«tt. latu«rliQh ^amrtm <!• frtaao«««n' 
MCttrloMwat dl« su dl«Ma P)r«is« •bgagnban tMEM«n» ni«M ««yo«f- 
fMitllolit ««rd«iu lanUn •!• ▼«ro«fr«i%litfit, m Mater% Aeb d«r 
Pr«i« 4« MOh (tor AufUg«&a«hl d«r b*%r«rf«iiA«a PabUteUaaaD. 

•• hat Hah aahr gaf rattt« Sia «14 
tia haraUohat ait 

laU £iUar t 

lUxkir^i ti^f 


Exhibit No. 35 

BpUtarl^FB ICxinBUlal Waetm, Maaa.. 12. September 1939. 

i 39 CUfrotinit Btxnt 

Igb.m. 5797. 

1 Anlage. 

Hern-. Manfred Zapp 


541 Madieon Avenue 

New York City. 

lieber Zapp! 

Ich bestatl£,e dankend den Erhalt 
Ihxes Schreibena voo. 9. September 1939 1 in dem 
Sle mir mltteilen, daes Sie nunmehr auch die 
Tranaozean-JHachrictten an Prlvatpersonen abgeben. 

In der Anla£e Ubermlttle ich Ihnen 
eine Llete derjenigen Personen, mit denen Sie 
sich in Verbinduiifc setzen kbnnten urn sie zu be- 
fragen, ob sie sich fUr den Transozeandienat In- 
terea&ieren wUrden. 

Mit den herzllchsten GrUseen und 
Heil Hitler! 


(Dr. Herbert Scholz) 


Exhibit No. 36 

U. SapteabM- 1939. 

H«rm Dr. Herbert ^chol», 
0«ut«ches KoosolAt, 
39 Qiestnut Street^ 
Boston, lUsa. 

Li«b«r Bcbolx t. 

Ich danke Ihnen Tislaftls fu«r Ihr fr«uBdlleh*a 
Schreiban tob 12. tiept«Bb«r xind die Llit« d«r •Ttatutllan 
Int«r«88witMi fu«r 4«r\ B«zu( des Tran«ocMLndi«nst«s. tea 
oaniM ich froapt* Krledicunf. fi«rsllcbst«n Dftnk t 

Ich baatactlge IlkMn •bmfalls daokwid d«n 
Blngane Ihrea ^ehr«lb«ns rom 12. Septanbar alt i«a b«lg«fa«g- 
tmx Soheck in Hoehe too $ 9.00, walcho 8^«b« Bott W. F. 
BaoBann^ 19 Reraficli 'k>od, M«lros«, Maaa. bai Ilman alncasahlt 
hat, \m fuer dia naachatan dral Hooata dan Tranaqaaamlla— t 
in aa«li8char Spracha su arhaltan. Dlasa EinsahliBC *lr4 «ohl 
auf aiiMS IrrtuB baruhan, 4a 4ia Tranaoc— nteaatao aloh Buf 
I 3.00 dia Wocha und nioht auf $ 3.00 !■ Menat balaufan. da 
Papierkoatan allain wuardan achon $ 3.00 la Honat uakarachrol- 
tan, gamlcht au sprachan tob Porto. 

lit barall cfc aB Gruaaaan 
und Bail Hitlar I 

Hanfrad imvf 



Exhibit No. 37 

M » 


ICottJBttlat Snotntt. flasB., 13. September 

39 dUftetmst f^nt 

1959. ' 





1 Scheck. 


34X liadiBon Avenue 

Hew York City. 

In der Anlage Ubermittle ich einen 
Scheck in Hohe von 9.00, welche Summe Mr. 

W. F. B a u B a n n , 19 Renwick Road, Melrose, 


Mass., hier eingezahlt hat, lue ftlr die nach- 


Bten 3 Monate den Transocean-Dlenst In engli- 

scher Sprache zu erhalten. 

Ich bltte besonders davon /ormerkung 
zu nehmen, so dass Hx. Baamann in den nachsten 
3 Monaten kelne Rechnung Ubersendt wird. 

(Dr. Herbert Schols) 



ExHiiiiT No. 37 (continiiecl) 

6ep««8ib«r» la, 1939* 


&«dr Sir I- 

Tarough tt^ ^<»ra&/i Coasulate* Boston* 
h»v* r«««iv«d[ your on eoit to th** axount af $ 9 •00 
ox «ui Tranoocean »«¥» iHtPVi.c«> wixcn wi •<5JaJo«l»di« 

v»» \4-«^u!.d LiA^ w Jfcavi*'i*t^ Uu&i, yooi' piiiWiiiu o/ I 9-00 


tfv,;. ii*-. 

li-« ta« aMAtiaa you «1A1 otev^i s'tfc^j.vaa «iir 
Tr^n•r>c•ftn repoart* ani «« hop* tUat you will txtiai y«ar 

Xovar& 7*ry crul/^ 

ii«r<iT«iftry to 



Exhibit No. 38 

193f • 


Berrn Kftrl ?• Klala. 

8^ur f MlurtM Smrv tXmin t 

11« i^ V90 B«rra v«i $6s>iii^i#3. ^MMr%«« vlyjt sl^ 

Xeh SMObt* fit nay JUittMti olx- S«ae«r laafi £«adas«i^B iam^iaiiM* 

anMVtn V«rs«a« iiiife«lft •lnri^%«R. 

Kit 4m^tSbm Sr«t9 I 



Exhibit No. o9 

12« g g pttrtW 

Ueb«v tti—inl I 

KatI F. Il«ift «lvA «1« 

ElttVMtui, FirsllMcs 

9 lii 

/•Xy vac* 

mftUSMdhpr t 




Exhibit No. 39 (continued — 1) 

6. D«Ma)>«r 1939 

H«rrn BXajw^. 

p, Adr. 3. ••stsnaarm Co., Ino,, 

20 West iv^^th atire^t, 

E9M tprk Cltv. 

6«hr (ffn/.rter herr Blank 1 

Wie ich Rus d«n Kreis^n der *^eut»chMi Botsoheft 
in te«£Mnstnr. c--— s-*^ r.r}-.c, Intftieislercn Sis «i«h fu»r dan 
Tr«nsr><j«pn-NRchrl."ii"it©".dl5n»t. Ich verda Ihnan dte Dleiuit 
probe««laa elixe Wocfc* i:u»dari#n und noff«, Sio aach dleaar 
¥och« unter aeinsn AboQn9nt»n sa«hlen cu du«rf«n« 

D«r fhr<»is fuor die TT«n»©«#M»«hrloht«tt batraegt. 

Mit a«uta«h»ffl Qmi*^ t 

lUxxfred Zapp 



Exhibit No. 39 (continued — 2) 



fi«rm L«gatiobsrmt 

B«rlbert voa Str«ap«l, 
X>«utsch« Botschart, 
laahinctosif D« C. 




8«hr gartirter H«rr Ton Btrrap*! t 

Zch arlaub* Air, Ihnen In d«r Anlaga dl* Durob- 
•chrlft etnes Britfaa rv\ Rerrn Karl F. Klein bub Baltijwra 
sia uabarsandan, daag****** *'ir *^ heuta dan Tarcand unaarar 
Trazxaooaannachricht«n an Harm Klain alnfcatallt haben. 

Bail Hitlar I 

Im AuTtrage I 

8irl H. bahwald 

X Anlaga. 


Exhibit No. 40 

13. J^pteaN'r 1939. 


^ Peut«ch«s ^eiieralkonsulat 
201 GATiSOiii* ^treat. 

Ban I'ranciaco, Cfilli". 


Ein italic Ihf#£ f JhOw-iS i!i Hoh'. von 

d«r «»1« folgt verlRicht »orderi iat : 

Zuw Au«gl«ich der Rechaungen luer das Kons.ilat 

voa luni, Juii ur.d in Hoehe vcn ....... | 11.42 

una rva Avsglfclch der Hechriun^en fu«r den 

• California i>«aiOjirat • vox Juli and 

AugusI in iio*^Lk von f 9.20 

heil liitlur 1 

^Ui^rad Zajpf 

•-- .- if -w , j.a.x.^a^.^^;v.''^gr 




Exhibit No. 41 

wine rnoM 



Tostal Tdeqvaph 

^^ ..... . 

Oft M T>« utomm cf T>« • 

MM o«/n.w«> m T>« t 

Form !• PW 



20 CABLE • MFZ R2N 955A MTY 




Exhibit No. 42 

26. 8«i>t«Bb«r 19>94 

Hearrn I>r. Manfred Zapp, 
Central Hotal, 
Fanaaa Clty$ P&naaa. 

Sahr g«tehrt«r Emrr Dokter t 

In der Anlafe uet>«x-8«M« Ich I^«& dl« blubar 
•ijaf8gazxi«n« Pri^atpost. 

l^tr {}«s<duiaftci»ost ist foIfeMss jm ^sa«yl»e» $ 
" jMlM Onivarsity, X»11>rary> Haw HaTasi * h«t &»? yu'sscraa ^i«>»»%^£M 
fuar 2 W(!«tuen probavaisa awamiart* BtSA f^au Ikga^a GtHiring ^^ 
c./o. D?. Marlon HartasX) WlMaar^ ▼«?»«»« bdttat ta )mfe?t 
Blaettar « frsnsocean C|^yrigh% " in <liutadu»' tprsLShM fuar 
drel Monata, was Ich v$^nlasst habe uM fraar &»»?iaj| imsara 
Baoluum£ ( | 3»00 a i^eek ) uslsarsslttalte. 

Inters saant4mi. Frl. Marg&rtt 7M4eias, CljUTtaGu 5«<r ^«^saj; a^f 
dar aie^ iti Yarbindung s«sst;i% ucd dsa \;»aliels«ai Brisf g«« 
schrlabesi babe. 

Die OniraTtitaat in Chioaga sohxttik mce'k&s.^ j 
« Thank you ftwf saaplas, bu* ws %k»Xl n«« ^sh i» g'abs?az-i^ b 
Zwai wsrltara Absagan lautetas. wis f&Xet j 
« Boaton, OniTsrsi.t^, Hara-y a, Mayar, OaaB, E^t^ « « dWs 
Mayar haa racairad -^ data tSarta e&valopas c^rfe«l$ai£tg" li!^2>aatiji2 
biulatina about happaziings abroad, iQiila ha fln&i ^i»*% v«^ 
ijatarastijog^ ha doai s»t fsai that 1m c&a subscriba %« ^jia 
sarric® at tha prsaaat tiws • 

- Francis P. Ste«<yia ^r., Casferidge, Mass -  gi^a^ 4&ys.a««s I irith iatersst y©ur Iatt«r d^sicribiaf Tyaaatcaiex aatt 1 
ss?Tloa.iine8 that tlseB t«o saasla Lrta ( for Idia litl^i^^ 3.9^1 
ef tills aoath hara baan recairad. 3h« g^utral pl&Q af ymu- &mm ^ 
aarviae atrUcaa a» aa axaalXant aad tka plan tai^issi to V tia^sui^ 
raallaad if oca »ay Jadfa froa tho »p&cls»ns. X ragrat; &«8r«twr» 
tb£t it will b« quite iipoisible tm wb %^ su^forila atfaft thli ba> 
causa «f tha priQa, Biit I d® not saa isaw yayi e«uld ean^eiTa^la 
lealEa it lass a^tpanaira : Mi« p^atase al«me is cooaldertltla. 
SbankiAg ywi again and with :rafrat9 that I e«mi<i% ^«»il>ly avail 
nsyaalf af yeus* affar, I r«win, -vary truly yoara * 

Daif ^anaxalkenaulet in S&^i Franeieeo baauftraata 
una, d«B ' Calif oxnia ^aaokrat '^ mat nccii dan dautadhan IHaaiiat 
suxuaandan, w&a ich Taranlasst haba. 

Gas D«utjich@ Kcuaulat in Sa&ttla, Wash. ti«ii$« 
tma alt, daas as gascbl&aeen werdan xsfA auf daa Gaa^rAlkoaaulAt ' 
in San Prancisoo uabargegang<m sai. Daaantapraohan^ habt itth tei * 
Dianat nach Saattla ain$aatcllt, • 

I Willi im ar^Mw nara i^ttp*"*""" "  ••*■■ r^^H 

;74778 — 40— pt. 2 13 



.' / 

Exhibit No. 42 (continued) 

DMtoohan Ion»ul«t in Bt. Loul«, Mo. wurd« u« Auikuaft ««t>«t«n, 
Ob «!• dortlfm •nfU'ch |«ichrl«b«nan Taf«iz«ttunj|«a  01ob« 
D«Mkr«t ■, » Post Dlipatch  und • 8t*r ?!»•• • «ii« «ti«U»ch« 
Atunbo dt» Tran«oc»«n« abonxiltrt ha»tt«n od«r ait Keimtnii 
u»i(»r«ritit» toriftwlc •rhi«U«n, wat icb ▼•rn«lMad *«ftntworfc»t«. 

line •Mbtzi tin«s«ui(«a« w«it«Fa ibsAf* Tvn Harm 
Ocrhard I. Sohad*, St. PaulU Sohool, Coucerdj l«« HuyHilra 

Iftutctc wl* folet » ^^ — ^ iw 

a I ^hank yeu T«r7 aa^ for hariof sent sa tha firat thraa 
Isauat of Iran*oca«n, which I find ■oat infOTBatlra. To wr mind. 
It la Juat tha trpo of n«*» raportln* that la ao uriantly naadad 
Hora whara Britiah anl Franch propaganda axa aajulflni ua fro« all 
aidaa. I as, howarar, Tary aorry, not to tea abla to aubacrlba 

t« Tranaocaan. Tirat af all, tha DautBoha KurswallanBandar pro»idaa 

hand InforBatian, I daalra, Baoondly, I am 

^^^ _i praoarloua anoufh ( through occaaianal 

loctura'and navaMMr artlolaa, in ahloh Z trlc4 to azpeuad tha 

■« with all tha firat , 

Alraady, in a poslticoi praoarioua anoufh 

Oaraui Tlaw aoint ) *^» X camot. aa I wowld Ilka too, saaa oa yoti 
nova aha«ta t« ay cellaaguaa in tha faoalty of our school. Ba 
wnarda niaht nur aaina Stall uiig (afaohr^on aondarn daalt aueh dan 
•tand doa^cutachai ala I<ahrfaoh, dar latat a hn ah ln achaa haftlg 
•ngagrlffen wird.T I •■ adding a faw elippinga of lottora #ilch 
I had pnbUahad in tha Beaten Harald. - You say daal with thaa 
aa you plaaaa* but In caaa tte ahould ba republlBhad in Oaraany, 
X would bog you to wittaold ay bom. 

In tha hepa that wo aay all ba auooeBaful in doing our 
fart towarda holylng raal truth ami vaal justico to win, 
aincarely ycfurs ..... lignod G«rliard >. Schada. * 

Xoh hai.-« ditt boigofuagttn Artikal Harm Soon sur Kanntnia- 
naboa uaborgeban und fuaga ai9 Jatxt dlaaas Briafa boi. - 

Xoh habo alia diaaa Briaf a aoparat gohaltca, falla Bio 
baabiiehtigan. atlicha daven an B,rHn waltartasaban. 

Bai r.«r Chaaa '^atiooia Bank aind auf unsor Kotito 
$ 2.019.00 BUT Deckung unsarar raraoalagtan 6 2. 155. CO oinga- 

iaagon. Xoh komta a.\ae Transradio dla fuar BaptORbor achuldlgan 
736.35 bacahlan, farnar dla barolta anmahntan xzabojlicha&an 

Blorait, H«rr Soktor, eind aalna Unuigkaiton arachoarft. 
Xa visd naeh wla ror ait Hechbatriab hior gaarbeltat. - 

Bainaho baatto loh Torgaaaan su araaahnan, daaa Kra. 
Valla hauta hlar anriof und Bio fuor aorgan sua Lunehaon alnladaa 
wollto uz^ aa bodauarto, ala loh Ihar van Ihrar Abwaaanhait "Ittal- 
luBg aaohto. 

Hit don baataa Oruosaan blaibe lob 

Ihra aabr argabaaaa 




Exhibit No. 43 

19. (KsWbw I9>9. 

Heb%«a fuer dlt I>fta«t •!&•• HGOAts c»Maai%. 

iMtt «l«» c OlftTflMift 9wm99 • li&«r ia mv Xork «ft «Ml cvtamdlifta . 

aMlfft* §Ul& wiXXl9» xamiem. tAmat vftl* m taimm* 9p fiat 
€fe^ «!• tis «li«*iM »itt ^ WovSA TttlsgVMl • «bI ▼c»9«fXiB»- ' 
tf 4»% fiU»9^ «i« ma iha «9i«aia« teH«* te>«ufii£A m% 

&^mx ■mm lieaa ait &«u««oi ai«h« MiM«B«a«9b^»«i» «!• ««Mv«it 

Kit Ami %*i%M Qy^aasea uaA 

BaU Sltla» S 




Exhibit No. 44 

P 4 T ^ ,23. ::!'V. 1939.- 

r Ihre r,eilen 
vor ? . Ckt .bi.T itji.iz :'u«r e voi! Hv rn von Strer.polf  '.-Ji Sic blLte, ajf/ . erwiriem ;:'j woilen. 

Hit Herrn Tiarrhi und Ti-f'rn do la !:n2a hatte ich ceit 

^ -cii G'-leccnheit zu cprechen. 

lac'jcn her;i]ic;jEt <jrur'sse:i und uer.ker gcni an^ 
., v.vnn \urti der "" bezi(ihvine!:weice die 
nn ■. icl.c Er:'tta'3usc:.ung uober die Konfcrenz auch bei 

irian..-:icf; der chilc.ischen Vertreter, <jie vit-lleicht etwas zu 
<;:■ i: se T!of'f;iunf;on naf di > Konferenz j^esetnt hatteri, nicht 
aur^ebliebcn sind. 

A^c): -nit H-.-rm Vi«;riing hnbe Ij:. inz-,vi;:chen haeufi^jer 
(^„ .; : v;els£», dasE er IJinen am 2y. Oklobor t!ine 

vyrla(_'ufi{;e Antwort , esc.iioV;t hat, von der ich ho.'fe, dacs 


ai«: Sie einijjirnassen zufriedvn stelit. Er hat mir welter 

sujjesatt, dass Ihiit-ii in der naecheten 2elt auoh di"? Ihnen 
sc'uon vor Monaten v.-rsprochene 'Jebrri-ioht ueber die pollti- 
sciieri Verliaeltnisee zugoh/n wird, bei der war Sorge tratjen 
werder., dass sie auch wirklich den Tatcachen entspricht, 

Er. tschuldif:en Sie i.n uebri^en, wenn ich mich auf diese knap 
pen 2?ilon besohraeiike; aber Sie warden es verstehen, dass ich 
:.;lt der "eiu etwar haunhalten muss, bitte Sie aber, in ^edem 
Palle, •■" S: f:lauberi, dass ich Ihnen nuetzlich eein kann, 
ueber r. j i:-. u<;bri£on ueber ci-- T^ r.:?haft verfuegen zu 



Mit den besten Graessen und 

Hv.'il Hitler I 




Exhibit No. 45 

5. ^•SMber 1939 

H«rm L«gatiaia«rat 
Dr. Hans Tho»»«cif 
Deutsche BotseivaTt, 

Llob«7 ThOMsan I 

In dar Anlaga eine Aktannotiz u«b«3r selna 
0BterhaItung ult dea ohll«z)iaeh«Ei Daligiartaai, Botaehaftar 
Don HaciMkl BlaneM, auf d«r pan-aa«rik«nlschen Sonfar«E»« 
dia die BotaohaXt viallaieht Intaraasiarm vlrd. Xs gaht der- 
aus harvor, wie driiigaod die ChlXaimR 9«hlftKemm benoatifWBi 
tad wla gmm sia dautaoha SchlTfe kaufan wollao. Baeh daa Ba- 
atiaraungoi d«r pan-awKrikaniachMi Sarklaan»c koatman dla suad- 
aaarlkaniaohan Sta&tan Plagganvaehaal Ton ftchlf f aa krlafafaalk- 
raadar auf ai<^tJcrlagaru«hranda Batlonan ▼om«ihja«i, wann aia 
teeaa flda Kauf vorliagt. 

EeU Bltlar I 




Exhibit No. 46 

■III i.iMI'WV «llt MTT.liUTi; -!';■. 1 .!■ ^ 1: Ai )i- v\ . 

.>\rM;MV*; ii- -i i;\t- i 

O-anS or " 

TvU-it.»rrt or 


.1.. .-. 

J by a 
 1 above 


; (l-c a.K 


•^ J 



.  wmr* 

Received at Drake Hotel. Chicago, III. Sup. 2200 Exl. 1167 

'CAF2L.4 luvc !-:i:..YOR.v ;;y Apr i ij:.'P 
:;.Ar;n;ED zapp= 



• icrnsloNS 

Exhibit No. 47 

 Dcutfd}C5 (gcncralkonfulat 

German Consulate Genera! 

netD Doth, ir'.krrn ]940. 

17 l^ani'ig place jjii 

"Bei TSfontrootiunq hint on)uaibin; | •will /iSpp. 
lo your reply pUste refer to I 


Herrn Dr. ^■anf^ed i-apn, ' 

341 .V.adi.son Ave., 
New Yofk City . 

Sehr geehrter He- r i^r.^app: 

Iijh ware Ihnen dan.kb.-Hr, ..enr. :3ie .^elef:;en tl ioh 
■i-hrea Hieraeins in einer Uie betreffenien Anrelo lenheit 
bei mir voraprechen wiirden. 

Mi t beaten Grii.ssen und 

■•^(Schlich) . j 


^^vi:j-;.T'R,-»ae^:. ^a^»,- 


Exhibit No. 48 
Deutsche Botschaft Washington, :.?., den 8. August 1940. 

Ich bltte, die tagllchen^e ab heute 
bis auf welt ere s ^--n Herrr Hepp zu rlchten. 

Hell Hitler ! 

341 Madison Ave. , 
New York, N.Y, 


Exhibit No. 49 

9* Jftnuar 1940. 

itn dat d«ut»eh« O«n*ralkonf\ilat, 
£. Hd. Ton H«rm Ti»«k«n«al 

1'' 3ett«ry Place, 

Bohr geehrter H«rr Llpp«Tt I 

■r. W. A. fL9jn9T, ChairaMi t Xhe Pregrui 
C««ilti«« «f th9 Brotherhood of 8t. John's Loth*raA tad 
Bransalloal Reforaed Union Church of Howertovn, bat aiolk 
Ceheten, as 6. Fsbruer dan Tortrag * Tha Causa ttf O^raaagr 
end her position in the werld today " su oabanMhMin. I^ 
haba iha aoT seln Bitten hln talafooisch au«aaa(t und Um 
bailiegaodaii Brief, den ich Ihnan in der AbsbcrlTt suawode, 
geschriebeB. Da H«rr Reynar air in selaa« Brief aitteiltydssa 
er die Unkotten fuer diesen Tortrag nicht tragan koennte^ neh- 
■e ieh an, data 8ie sir die Reiaeayeaaa wrgueten «*rd«n* Xeh 
werde sie d«Hn«eohat Torlegen isnd fie nach ttein«k 7ertv«g b^l 
Ihnca liquldiereo. Xeh aehae an, dasi 81a daalt aiavvrataBdMi 

Hell HlUer t 
I Aalac* 

Exhibit No. 50 


; V 

Cla;^ of StRV^f 

TcScffraru nr 

I al'lf 

•ram unlcx, 
fertcd charat 

lymSr^t 8K>\( 

Of pf<- 




rbt" Ming t.nif fhuwn m <!**■ i!?.f<- i^n-' -■n i> .. t;-^.. „ . . . , , i .;:. . A 1.; ' i 1 M ; ^ , 

MAB14 9/10=\VASHINGT0N DC M 1C32A 



IS^APR 13 AM II 14 




Exhibit No. 51 



TO All. THE WO n t. D — B E T VV E E K i V P O R ^ 




10 NL NE'VYOHK MY 31 942PM 




MM aECD WN 101 2PM MAFiCH 31 ST 

Telaphone: HAnovar 2-181 1 

|... r>t. ' H, ti..n <ii> .fi.jjtrl.- tr,iH r,r*Fin'il PADRMiKA.M shouM h.. rr'^P^'-^-' "* th' f'ffl^» of 
M\tl':;if'ATin.".S Ir.'- In ).-'.tihon.. tn^u :...».■ 'f... :i.imb.'r r.r»^f<1i(ijt rh^ pI«C« of origin. 


Exhibit No. 52 

TM NY U8PM... MARCH 3,1940 ... JH 




TBCi PRiui xrx 


BERLIN 10 € 1045 











J ' 

ExHiiUT No. ;")3 

9* Januar 1940. 

a«rrn L«g«tlon»riit 
H*rlb«rt Ton Stremp*!, 
D«ut»<sh« Bot»ch»rt, 

Libber Strsspsl I 

X3 hat xlch «•)» (cfrvut, taA% 81« hlcr var«M 

d*s br»uch« l*h Xhn«a w«it«r oioht va sMian* 

Oho* an Ihy«a gut an a«4a«ohtai« sir«i/«la sa 
woXlea« ao«cht« ich 81a erinnao^n an t 

X.) dla P.adioatatlm 

2.; an 4«n Colu«bu»<-Offlsl«r 

3.) an daa Barloht uabar Toan. 

Hertliohaa Dank la voraos i^Mr Ihr* ll«b«Dnna«r- 
dlgaa 6«Bu«huixfai4« 

In d«r ixU.«ga u«b«rMa4« i<A Uviaa adLa* Copl« 
daa Brltfa* aa Harm V. A* lajarf lovthaa^taa banagUati 
Tortragaa as 6. Fabru»r* 

Hit dao baaWa aruaasaa «ad 


I »ii^ 

Bell Hitler I 





Exhibit No. 54 

German Consulate 

Sr 5/40 

IbiL Angabr obigrr Nr. ntrii srbrtrn. 
Plaam raiaz to abov* No. 



Mobil*. Ak., U. S. A. 

den 10, Juli 1940. 



341 Madison tve. 
New Jiork Oity. 

■/VpehreuLi der Abweaenheit des tnterzeictocten fuer 
den Rest dieses aion'-t3 und Huguat belleben Sie den Versend der 
fr^nsoce'in Naciirichton einzustellen. 

.yit be stem Dank 

iiitler i 



Exhibit No. 55 

BrntBrl^pB luittBulat 

German Cotuulate 

NewOiteau, L*. 


Da Ir.fol^e Ar'boltrucbo--):a«ufuj 
hov:- •    • ^,  

nio'..t -exir bo-.-e , ' 1'  •• ' 

nur nocb di^ Ihctuer i-ii" Trf.' 

("fum.arj' of roiay's i>'«v'Sjueb.2rc"nd'.n 7.u ol 'li. :■• u-b'-i- 
^cn Ausc8^"^ '!•. r Transozeon IJacJ^ric' t' n (  l-se und u - 
ne Blaetter) be.-'t.^l -^it "\>. 

Die febprsenJun^; der rosr-. C3ae;t  bitte ioh^ '■ 
vor rlt Luftpost vornohren zu -ollen. 


341 Vadlson Ave . , 
New Y o r : 



Exhibit No. 56 


Dcutfd^es 0encralhonfulat 



B.i Be.Dlworlnnf billo Kifebto: 1 Chicago, IS.JSUlUar 19^. 

Ifl aDBWeriBj. pleaac refer to: ' 





^1 !/adiEOQ Ave. 

New Tork.N.Y. 

Nachdem die seicerzeit vod hier aus fuer 

die Belieferung mit dem Transocean-Dieast in 

Vorschlag gebrachte Persoenlichkeit nunmehr un- 

mittelbar von Ihnen versorgt wird, darf gebeten 

werdea, zwecks Ersparnie von Devieen bis auf wei- 

teres das Material nicht mehr per Luftpoet, son- 

dem auf 3eai einfachen Postweg hierher za schicken. 

Die gegeawaertig von dem Generalkonsulat belie- 

ferten Zeitungen erscheinen woechentlich, sodass 

die Aufwendung der erhoehten Portokosten nicht so 

dringlich erscheint. Sollte sich die Zusendung 

Ihres Dienstes auf dem einfachen Postweg ale 

den hiesigen Eeduerfnissen nicht entsprechend 

erweisen, wird auf den Luftpostweg zurueckge- 

griffen werden. 

Der Deutsche Generalkonsul 
I. A 

J^^i^^^^. JJ}J—' 

^ n 



Exhibit No. 57 

Deutsche Botschaft 


."asainGton, D.G., den U. I.:ai 1940 




Lieber Di'. -ap?: 

i;inlit;ceri*i eln .^^tikul von Leon Tearson 
im heuticen "Times Kerald", der " i '^ richer 
Interessiereii v/ird. 

."it besten Oruossen, 

neil Hitler: 

ER-^rST «.. 3iSPr 


L-r. Munfred Zapp 

341 i 'ad is on ,-vvenue 
Nc\. York City 



Exhibit No. 58 

B«low The 



By L«on Pearson 


methods hsve b«en 
amggeated to combtit Nazi 

per.stratton In Latin Amerie«, 
but Nelaon Parkg method was 
to how * cocktaU party. Park 

1« th< i Amen^P -PfflMiUaiifi^:. 
ranQu yi i k Cj]|ffy[JMff,,fi"f? a man 
Vho lOtw to se? fair play. 

Thus, when he found that 
German news predominatsd 
over ai! oth«r news in the dally 
press of Barranqullla, for the Rtm- . 
' pie reason that the OermacJ 
agency^JQggU|g|f^ eave It^ 
MTrice a^ay rrSB; he dpcidea Uij 
do Ksnething about It. ' 

Be invited a eroup of Bar- 
ranqxUila'e best businessmen to 
drink daiquine in the patio of 
the consulate at half past tlvt 
ia the afteiaoon. He brought 
up the QuestKw of vm preaa, 
Aod eujeestrOd, in the taotfuJ 
tatJKRve of a hoit that xaat- 
aiicg should be ^ot&i to penolt 
Norm American ca«« uasttlef 
to compete (m a fair bam with 
other foreign agendee. 

By THE time the d&liiulrls 
had gorie the icunds a sec- 
ond time, somebody made a 
practical suggesticn. "Let us. 
M businessmen, lH;ycott isy 
newspaper uidns Trans-Ocean 
by refusing to advertise in it" 

Hie suggestion was scented, 
an agre«aenl wad entered into 
utd put into immediate <q)«ra- 

RMUlt vas that Barranqullla 
dtiBeBs noticed a rniddac vith- 
<trawal of nnra about t^ su- 
perior a«nnan Reicb and «s- 
potdttoo of Oenuan alms. In- 
stead they got the news of tho 

F* CordeU Hull had to share 
public honors with Benito 
Mucaolinl. it would be tm more 
Irltsome than to share public | 
honcMTs with Ramon Beteta, of i 
Mexico. Yet tills Is precisely ' 
what he Is scheduled to do. 

On the morning of May 13. ' 
Hull will arise in Constitution i 
HaH to give an address of wel- 
eone to 1,500 delegates of the 
Aaerlcan Scientific Congress. 
Following Hull, a rrsponse will , 
ba tfeltvtred by the head of the i 

delegation from Mpxlco. where 
the iast congress was held. 

That means Ramon Beteta. 
undersecretary of state of Mex- 
ico, whom Hull regards as the 
t 1 o n of 
eve r y t h lug 
that is 
evssive and 
unreilaole in 
M^ican for- 
elpi paltof; 
'. /^ u^'T hsvs 
the speech 
Beteta gt;ve 
in Buenos 
Aires four 
years «go. It 
was R neace 
con fere nee. 
with greve «*•» --"»•» 
and 'iecoitnc aemfsanos- oy the 
part of Ul. Bui B'^bOta aetted 
th"! opportunity. b<5fore & plen- 
ary scGslou, to tA&r his vocal 
chords in a spseda ^ilsich Hull 
called "shett' deisrfisosn<«ry.'' 

^HV£3?7B &ai»s tbsit time have 
•'"not imja-ored Beteta's repu- 
tation in Washlngl;on. He is 
crsdlted ^^Ith authorship of the 
mere offensive phases of Mexi- 
can foreign poJioy, especlall:' 
the expropriation of foreign- 
owned property. Most offensive 
of ai!, he Is understood tc have 
trrrltten the Mexican reply to 
Hull's arbitration proposal, a 
reply whlah, though not yet pub- 
lished as this was wrtlcten, cer- 
tainly has be«D expected to' re- 
ject arttitntion. 

But Hull to equal to an? social 
strats. He will rise unrofflM iB 
Oooetitutlcm Han. and he ixdg|it 
even airland, in his cool way, 
the remarks of the Mezleon fii-e- 

ASHOCKIKO charge against 
the government of Panama 
has been made by Horaclo Al- 
faro. former Panamanian minis- 
ter to Washington, and brother 
of Ricardo Alfaro. who is oppos- 
ing the government In the cur- 
rent presld«!tial campaign. 
Speaking of the recent disas- 

troQS fire in Colon, Alforo 
charged the govsma'.ent of Pan- 
ama put a st<n> to relief activi- 
ties of the Red Cross of Psjiama 
and took over this work for 
political purpose. Oovernment 
agents, he declares, weni, from 
hous« to house in the devastated 
area, pi-offering assistance, but 
askins first, "Axe you Al- 

Tf any person had the temer- 
ity tc ackziowledge his support 
of Candidate Alfaro, as against 
the Kcverament esandldate, the 
relief waa withheld. 

P»nanu<'s ambassador in 
WftshlDgton, George BoyC who 
Is on the other side at the poMt- 
Icti! fence, dea<e3 thue charves. 


\rOBODy who knows 

•*• Colon Alfaro would coaft-Me 

him with Ricardo Alfaro. but 

man? are etsifused to istas 

whetfeM- tJte otpiAln U tha MSn- 

ister or the Antbiisaador of Ecu- 


Pour years igo. Setiador and 
Pern seat camm'jsios» to WsjAi> 
tDfftoa to settle tbetr bsenaary 
dlepijBte. 3ak':j P«^u has tha 
states of an Kahasss here, ecu- 
cdor was rRised to the waae 3t«- 
tus "for the durati<«i cf the 
boundary negotiations.'" This 
uiHWd Ali"aro from minlstes ta 

After dragging on for two 
years, the negotiations broke 
dowHr—and that was two yean 
act). But ctUl the State De- 
partment maintains ti>e cno«a- 
aJy of a diplomat who is bot& 
minl«er and ambftmdor. fa: 
tbejr eoDttoue t» Valt Ecu^dcr 
to two vote la tbeb- dlpiomatie 
bl»i botife—oaai 9*» IC as aa 
embusy, and oatta ee Ps^ 4S 
as a lefattcn. Whleb is Itr 

npHJE election of Chile's C&.noe 
■1 Campbell to the commiastoo 
for stimulation of new indus- 
tries In Latin America was 
made posaflile by tte support of 
Chile's ,OuiUermo Oasitua. who 
had ea^er backed Devila In 
that context. But Santiago sent 
Instructions to support Camp- 
bell, and Oazltua. counselor of 
■mbucTi obeyed ia^licltly. 



Exhibit No. 59 

Deutsche Botschaft 

- IV S.F. 70. - 

w..h,.»ion.D.c. . den 3. April 1940. 


Herrn Dr. Manfred Z a p p, 

Transocean, 341 Madison Avenue, 

New York, N.Y. 

zur Kenntnisnahme ubersandt. 

/ ' 

Im Auftrag: 




Exhibit No. 60 

Deutsche Boteohaft Wasliington, L.C., den 3. April 1340, 

- IV i;.*r,70. - 
B«tr« i Dr.O.a.Dlckeraon, 

Das CJoneralXonaulat 3jui Prancioco l.f;t die 
Botschaft von Ihrea Berlcht voj! 25.r8briiar d.Je. In 
Eauntais K^^'^'^ot. Dor Herr 39ecliIiJ"tstra;ier h&t in d«a 
in der Anla^e abschrlftlloU bei^&rUgteu Sohruiban voa 
6.Januar d.Js. Herrn Dr. DiciCL»roon ciroits altj/ateilt, 
daB f?r nlciit in der L- ge let, peruunlioh die liiiladuag 
z« ojjaat. Vo/tru^ ia Colorado Ctdtj Cullige oJf KUaoation 

Me 3otech8/t nohlMgt nunachr Herm Dr, Man- 
fred Z a p p , Tranflooean, 341 Madleon ATcnu«» New 
Tork, m.Y. (HeprcBentatlv** of th** Tr&nsooeaa Sarvioe la 
Sew York) ftJr dloaen 7or1;re*: Tor. Kerr Zepp bat bcreito 
wn nnderun iJniTersitSten, z.B. an der University of 
Virginia, in Tortrfefen und in I)<=batten den dcutaohen 
Stand j-'iinkt v<rtr( ten. Icl. i-iLto r.i««, Dr. Diokersoa voa 
unj?er«»B Vorechla;/ in Kenntnie bu setsen vmd Ihn aujfsu— 
fordem* oich unistittf Ibar alt Kerra Dr^ Sapp in Twrbla^ 
dan£ 8a Beta«ri« 

Iz Auftragi 

tZBZ, v.Oienanth. 


das Deuteobe lonzulat 

in Denver 

das Deutsche Seneralkonsulatf 

San Franoisoo 

274778 — -10— pt. 2 1-4 


Exhibit No. 61 

DE'JTSCHX BOTSCHAPT laehlngton, D.C., January 6, 1940. 

- Po. 17 C- - 


Chairman of the Division 

of the Social Studies, 

Cjlorado State College of Education, 

Greeley, Colo. 

My dear Er.Dicic.^rBoni- 

I v; ry nriioh a[;reciet'5 your kind 
invitation of th*' 22ud ult. to apeak at an 
asseuibly of ^our College next July. 

Jor reaaona of principle, however, 
and *ita re^^ard to your cour.try'o neutrality 
I h&ve for the time heing chosen not to take 
personally part in public diacueaions on tho 
war in liurope and protlema related thereto. 
Ab much as 1 should like to aasist you, I, 
for theae reasona, regret exceedingly to be 
unablfc to coiLply with your wishes, 

I shall, however, 'wry to comrlj 
with your wiah to provide some other well 
informed speaker, although the choice nature 

ally la limited. 

Sincerely youra^ 

(sgd.) Thooaen 
O^erman Charg6 d'Affairva* 



Exhibit No. 62 


Dratachcs Koosulat 

20. Jul! 1940 

SttaT gaahrte Herren : 

Herr Ludwig Schmitt, Schrlftlelter dor Cincinnati 
Fr«len Press* hat «ich mit dam unter Kueckerbittung beigefuegten 6chreib«n 
vgn 27. v. Mts. an alch genwidt. Dl« darln enth&ltenen Ingeljen sind zu- 
tr«ff(»ad. Ss 1st air euch b«kiuiiit, dass aich die Zeitung selt Jjthren In 
flnanziellen BchwierigJtelten and gsgenwaertig In Zwangsveriraltung b«flndet. 
Ich befuerworta daher don Antrag des Herrn Schitltt, besonders such mlt 
Bu«clcaicht darauf , dass die Cincinnati Frele Presse elnen dauernd sahr 
positiven StandpujiJct in ihren Vgroefrantllchungen vertritt. Sollte eine 
voelilge Seiderachlagung der i^uscicstaenda nicht angaenglg seln, so aoechte 
Icb «lne Brnaesslgung des ^ezugsprelses auf eln Ulndeatmass vorschlagen. 

Hit deutschem Gruss t 
Hell Hitler I 

get, Kapp 
anernlkonsul . 

Ludwlg Sciualtt Cincinnati da 27. "unl 19aO 

a«rrn "cneralkonsul Kapp 
lJt22 Midland Bldg., 
Claraland, Ohio. 

8tbr goi^rtar Herr Seneralkonsul I 

End© l«tzt«n J&hres beasassan 81e die Kr-uendlichxeit, una 
die Welter lief arunf dea Transoceandienstas zu slcharn, ohne dass die i'rsle 
PrasBe die daaals fuer die Llaforung faaUlg eevasansn Ruackstaende zu zahlen 
brauchte. InzwJ.schen sind dis Rechnungen fuar die Liafarung das ^lanstas , wia 
die balgafuagtan Rachnungan avuiwelsan, wiadar auf| 360.00 angastiegen. 

Wle innen bekannt 1st, bafiadat sich die Praia Presse in 
Z»azigsTar«altuzig. Die Gescbaaftsfuahrong erklaest sich ausaarstanda, dan ge- 
ScbuIdataD Betrag zu zahlen. 81a Ist andararsaits auch sn dar Liaferung das 
Dlanstes nicht sondarlich ixiterasslart, «ell Sle das alloinlgs lnt«ressa ver- 
tritt, die Zaltung nach koota^rzlellen Gasichtspunktan zu I'uehran, vobal M«l- 
dungan aus Dautschland Uir er Inalcht nach kelna beawidere Rolla spiolen 
8ie Kissan. daas ich dlesa Anslcht nicht telle. Ich mierde as aehr badaaara, 
«enn die Liaferung des Sttoistas elngestellt wxiarda. 

Ich waere Ibnen daher sahr dankbar, nann 8ie aine ••iUo 
schwelgende Strelchung dar aufgelauf enen Rueckstaande erelrken und mit die 
Welter liaferung des Dienates arwlrken koanntan. Fuer elnen gefl. zusagandMi 
Bascheid waare ich Ihnen sahr dankbar. 

Mit deutschea Gruas 
Ihr sehr ergabaner 
gez. Ludwlg Schfflltt. 


Exhibit No. 63 

/ -J 

SputBrbPB KouBulat <^"«'«"^- '^^ ^' ^' ^""^^ "♦^ t 

(ftrrmon (CatiBulaU 

B«t Bvanrwonung bate •n-.ugcben: 
In your reply pirur refer to; 



541 - HadiBon Are., 

8«w itork, N. Y. 

Sehr geehrt* Herrcn: 

Eerr Ladwlg Sctanltt, Schrirtlalter dar Cin- 
olnnatl«r Pr«ien Press*, hat slch mlt itm unter Ruscksrblttvmg 
belgefuegten Sehrelben tod 27. ▼. M. aa nicb gsvaadt. Die darln 
snthaltenen Angaben slnd rutreffend. Es Ist air auob bekaimt, daai 
•Ich dl* Zeltang leit Jahren la flnanzlellen Scbwlerlgkelten und 
gegenwaertlg In Zwangsverwaltung beflodet. Ich befuerworte deher 
des Antrag dee Herm Schmltt, beaoadars auch mlt Rueckalcht darauf, 
das* dla ClaoJnnatl Praia Prasse ei&ec danernd sehr positiven Stand- 
punkt in Ihran VerooffeBtlichungea vertrltt. Sollte oina voelllga 
Hlederaehlagung dar Ruackstaande nicbt ajigaangig sain, so Boaoht* 
ich aine Eraaesaigung daa Bezugapralses auf aln KindestMtsa vor> 

mt dautschan Qmaa 

( uanaralkonaul 



Exhibit No. 64 


« „. 


> * . 



' '■ . ' 

Cinc'-nnati Frele Presne 
Daily and Sunday 
905 Vine Street. 


den 19. 

7. 1939. 

Herrn Generalkonsul K. Kapn, 
1422 Midlaiid Bldg, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Sehr gsehrter Herr "eneralkououl I 


AnTang Maerz dieses Jaiirss bot der in New YorV: neu etablLer- 
te Transooeandlcns t <ler Frelen Presse selncn detitsohen and englischv-n 
Nachrichtendisnst zum Prei.^e von $ 15-00 woechentlich an. Wte Snen 
bekannt ist, befindot slch die GesCiacf tpfuehrung der Freien Presse 
gan:; and gar in der Hand var^ Personen, die fuer deutsche 15»strebangen 
weder Vers ta end :^l.s no ch Beduerfnls haben, die die Zeit mg' vielmehr 
nach rein koamerziellen Gesicbt-sp'iru':tt;n fuehren Im ^estreben, sie 
baid-joeglichst 2U einem gewinnbringenden Unternelmen zu gestalten. 
Mein Ansuchen, ,den Nachrichteadienst z-a nehmen, *\;rde daher mit dem 
Bescheid abgeschlagen, die Zeit'ong koeime die erforderlichen Mittel 
nicht bereitstellen, eine Tatsache, die sich in Ansehung der finan- 
ziellen Verhaeltnlsse hier nicht bestreiten laesst. 

Ich scririeb darauf unter dem 17. Maerz deai Leiter der New 
Yorker '^'telle des Trans oce and iensteSj Herrn Manfred Zapp, dass sich 
die Kosten des Dienstes fuer uns zu hoch stellten and weli^^he S-inaes- 
sigung uns fuer einer^ ausschliesslichen Bezug des deutschen Dienstes 
ewaehrt werden koenne. Gieichzeitig teilte ich il-i.- rult, dass der 
ienst fuer uns in dieser Form von nur nachgeordneter Bedaut-xng sei, 
da die exS dem Luftwege ueber-aitttjlten Nachriahten mehr als einen Tag 
nach Veroeffentlichung Cincinnati erst erreichen imd erst zv;ei Tag* 
danach in Druck gehan koennten. 

Herr Zapp k'aendigte mir unterm 22. ^aerz eine Verbesserung 
des ZusteLlungsdienstes an lind tehlts dabei mit, dass er eine Ermaes- 
sigung des Bezuegspreises um % ?.00 woechcntlioh gewaehren koenhe, das 
der Mindestbezugspreis Jedoch % 10.00 sei. 

Der von Anfang an in zwel Sprachen probeweise uebernit- 
telte Nachrichtendienst wurde uns -onunterbrochen in zwei Sprachen 
weitergesandt, wob^l sich tatsaechlich ia La-oTe der Wocheu zeigts, 
dass diemit der NachluTtpost von Newyork hierher uebemlttelten Nach- 
richten sich noch aktuell genug erwiesen, um in der Zeitung des An- 
kunftstages Verwendung zu finden. Diese Nachrlchtsn tnachen ungefaehr 
ein Drittel des gesamten taegliche uebersandtsn Nachrichteiikontlngents 

Die hiesige *Jeschaef tsleitung zeigte sich Jedoch nicht 
•/rillcns, den Betrag von weochentl i'-'h | 10.00 zu zahlen, was sie auch 
angesiqhts der ^age der Zeit'uig gegenwaertig nicht kann, wie ich mit 
guten ^ewisse.n bestaetlgen kann. Die Freie Presse verfuegt seit mehr 
als einem Jahre ueber gar keiaen Nachrichtendienst mehr, nachden die , 
Lleferung des U.P. Pressedienstes wegen eines angelaufenen Schuldbetrai 
von ca. I 1.000.-- vor den UP eingestellt worden war. ' 

Ich Hess das ^^chreiben von Herrn Zapp daher unbeantwortet 
urai nahm an, dass die Fortsetzung des Dienstes, wie von allem AnfX^ng 


Exhibit No. 64 (continued — 1) 

- 2 - \ 

deklarlert, als Probesendung gedacht sel. -^n dieser Aimahme wurde 
Ich durch den Umstand bestaerkt, dass der Dlenst nach wle vor zwei- 
sprachlg erfoigte, obwohl das elnen erhebllchen Mehraufwand an Porto 

Vor elnlgen Tagen erhielt die Zettung Jedoch elne Kostenaiif- 
stfllung von New York uebersandt, mlt der fuer die Lieferung des Dlenst. 
ueber 15 Wochen hlnweg $ 150.00 angefordert wurden. Die Geschaefts- 
leitong welgert sich, diesen ''etrag zu zahlen mit der Begruendung, si« 
sei dazu ausserstande und habe auch ketnen Auftrag zum Bezug gegeben. 
Es wird mlr ueberlassen, elne Regelung mlt dem Nachrlchtendlenst zu 

Wle ^le wlssen, habe Ich mlch la ^ezember vorlgen Jahres nach 
der Ordenaablehnung Herrn Elvens offiziell von der I^eltung getreiont. 
Inoffiztell arbelte ich noch waehrend elnes Teiles des Tages am ^ele- 
grafenteil der ^eltung mit, in der Erkenntnis, dass meln Ausscheiden 
das Blatt voellig imter Juedischen Elnf luss bringen wuerde. Herr Elven 
ist seit Uonaten nlcht mehr Im Geschaeft gewesen und schlckt nur noch 
Belttaag* fuer den edltorlellen leil taegllch ein. Um den Geschaefts- 
gang selbst kuearnert er slch ueberhaupt nlcht mehr. Da die Bekretaerin 
elne grosse ^inlage an rueckstaendigen Loehnen Im Geschaft hat, be- 
stimmt 3ie zusamraen mit elnera von Ihr ernamten Manager, der Amerlkaner 
ist, den Geschaeftsgao^.Da dabel ausschllesslich geschaeftllche '^rwae- 
gungen gelten, wird dem Druck des Judentiins bereltwilllgst nachgegeben. 
Ein Wiener Emigrant, der bei der Wiener Morgenpost als Schrif tleiter 
taetig war, wartet^ berelts auf den Tag, an dem Ich metne Funktlonen 

Ich habe es blsher als neine Pflicht erachtet, auf dlesera 
Posten auszuharren, solange es geht, obwohl mlr meln ^^elsebuero Arbeit 
und ElnkoJinan genug bietet, ura leben zu koennen, Dabei war fuer mlch 
der Wunsch bestimmend, die ^eltung Ihrem frueheren Rufe entsprechend 
als elne warmherzlge ierfechterln in der deutschen ^ache zu erhalten. 
Dabei habe ich schon des oefteren ueber von Juden und deutsclifetnd- ^ 
lichen Elcmenten an die Zeltung lanzlerten Artlkeln die schwersten j| 
Auseinandersetzungen mlt der "eschaef tsleltung gehabt. In melnem J^e- " 
strebon, elne objektive Berichterstattung ueber Deutschlanfl zu geben, 
war mlr der Transocendlens t elne wertvplle Hllfe. 

Um den ^ienst welter erhalten zu koenrien, waere elne '^laerung 
der fianzlellen Angelegenhelt dringend erforderllch. Da ich Herrn 
Zapp nlcht persoenllch kenne, noch er m. E. ueber die Verhaeltnisse 
bei der Fj-eien Presse anterr*chtet 1st, frage ich erg. an, ob Sie nlcht 
evtl. gegebenenfalls durch Vermlttlung zustaendlger SteHen^ den Trans- 
oceandienst zu einem "rlass der in Anrechnun| gebrachten ^ezugsgebuehren 
sowie zu einer "eiterliefrun^ des deutschen Teiles des Dienstes veran- 
lassen koenntsn. 

In der Hoffnung, kelne 'ehlbltte getan zu haben und mlt 
der ''ersicherung, dass die auf diese Welse gewaehrte Hllfe im ^egensate 
zu frueher gewaehrter Hllfe wlxkllch elne zweckentaprechende Verwendun* 
flndet, bin ich mit 

Hell Hitler t 

Ihr sehr ergebener 

gez. Ludwlg Schmitt. 



Exhibit No. 64 (continued — 2) 


•OS vm* vntKcr. cihcinmati. omm» 

cuaLS J 

. ttAVASiA. mm mM t n 

den 17. Maerz 1939 

Herrn Maafssd Zapp 
341 Madison Ave, 
liaw York City 

Sshr goehrter Herr Zapp: 

Peaten Dank -fuer -^lo- ^ohreiben voci 2. I/.aerz 
sowia fuer dla pronvt uebersandten Hachrlchten. Lolcier 
erhalten wj^rdleaelben erot nac^initta^s 4 Uhr e« fol- 
genden Vommftag, codasa aie slch als He\il{.,kclten fuer 
die era to ■ialt*' nicht mehr verwenden lessen, da der 
Bedaktl'inssohlvisa um die t.'.ittat-.satvmde llert. Wlr 
Boechteiaber die ».aohrichten, oowelt ale in deutacher 
Spracho abgefaost olnd, nicht -ern in der Zeltung 
mlasen, obgleich uns kelno i.'.lttel mehr l\)er einen 
eigenen I<"achrlchtendienst zur Veriuegim;; stehen» 

F'uer geraelllge Mittelliinr; der tuenatitsten 
I edin.-.ungai zum Bezug dea deutschsprachllchen Noch- 
richtendiervstes waere ich Ihnon dankbnr. 

Mlt deutachem Gmiaa 

I. A. 

"ludv;': £ "ScTfeTFt 




rA«««*T Tf9C 

ExHiRiT No. 64 (continued — 3) 



DEN 27. Fobmnr 1939 

An den 

341 Madison Ave* 
Now York, N. y. 

S^r geehrter Herr Zappz 

Wlr slnd InteresBenten am Bezu-' des neuen 
Tranaoceandlenatea und bitten um ■.mvoi-blndllchen 
Besug der Transocean- Nachrlcht<»n f'l- i elne *oche. 

Kit deutscheiD Giruas 


I. A. 

Ludwlg 9tiiBnlt€ 





Exhibit No. 65 

9. August 1940. 

Herm Q«n«r«llton»ul K&pp. 

i^eut»ch«£ Gencralkonaulat 
Cl«v9l*?Ji, Ohio. 

B^r v«r«hrtar H«rr Ganer&Ikonsul I 

Fuer Iiu> frcundllohes 8chr*ib«n roa 20. Jull mo«oht« 
ioh Ihnsn Tislaftls daoiCKi. leh besntwo?^ as 9Ta% ^(rutt^ da ieh 
waahrend d«r i«tsten JuIiBOChen all Ycrtratsr Tranaooaan*! in 
Bavasia u9b«7 dia dortige Konfarens b«7lohta0 oaMfec uaS so«b«n erit 
aach Haw York suruackgekshrt bin. 

Kir 1st <Ii« U&g* das iiarrn Ludsig Bohadct balEK&nt 
uad ioh hab« H«rra Schsitt bo^*«»ita fruaher KaBOh;i«b«a* daai ioh Ja« 
da?sait barait bla^ Ihm «ntgeganraK(»ffi£9Q. Ss lat air Is AugCAblick 
aua bastimtaa Qruendssi una(»agUoh« dia Rladsraohlag^uig dar SuaA- 
ataaada vorsunabaaa* Xch ^arda aba? Harm Buimjitt, iia gaaagt* la 
jadar Waiaa antgeg«(iko%s@a3 Sr brauohi; slob keiaa Sorgan su aaehan. 

Tor «lnlg<m Sonatan hatta ieh dia ibaldht* auf dar 
Durohraisa oaoh Colorado in Clavolasd aussuataigaa tmd'Zhnan, aaixr 
▼arahrter Harr QanaralKonaul. aalnan Basuoh eu a&t^ix* Zgaldar aurda 
dia Hcisa oach Colorado ploatsllch abgasagt tusd ieh hstta infolga- 
dassan kelna Q8l«ganhait« Colorad{> su basuohaa. 6«1 dlasar Galagax^eit 
baatta ieh gara alia Frag«i aufgaworfan, die fraiiaooaan usd dia Balia- 
farung unsarar £unda& batreffan. Man kann aich laldar aohriftliah 
&icht so auadruesk^i, wia man as wohl gam aoaahW. Qarada den Fall 
Sohaitt haatta ieh g«r& alt Ihnan peraoanlieh baaproahan* Ioh moaohta 
8ia jadoch blttan. Harm Bchialtt Ku banihlKan und iha »u Taraichara, 
daaa ioh in Jadar Vaiaa ▼oalllgaa Varataaadais faar aaiaa Laga haba 
uod iha m gagabanar Zait gars antgagankcaeuan warda. Bin Onmd fuar 
aina Baunruhlgxmg Ilagt nioht Tor* 

Kit daut80h«n Qruaa und 

Hall HiUar t 

Manfrad Zapp 
A iilaga I Schreibon das 
iierrn Ludwig Schnitt. 


Exhibit No. 66 

Chicago, d«n 3. April W'K). 

Id«b«r Herbert; 

Aus Chicago reeht hcrr.llch* Orutss*. Icb hab« bii>h«r d«D 
RersoK8b«sueh Bltg«aiacht una babe gleichzeitlg veraehledeo* 
Leute Vurinea gelernt, die fuer aich von Interease «ar«a. Lelder 
ist ea air nlcht galungan, ait Mra. Swift naehar bakannt su 
verdan, abar ich hoffa, daea aicfa daa bai alaer apaateran Qela- 
gaiihait oachholan laesst. Ich bin erataunt ueber dia ^rundaaatz- 
lich aadara ^inatellung der oeffent lichen M«i.nuag in Chicago 
usd bin aehr dann je entachlosaaa, hier ain Buero zu eroaffaan. 
Chicago iat virklich faer aich ep »ait fuaastigaraa Fald ale 
■ich vemutat und erwartet hatta. 

Der Herzogeapfani^ ist vorueber, er reiat haute aband ab. 
Ovte Taananberg *ar ganx grosa uad atolz, ihr Mann ruhig, ba- 
daechtig, flaiaaig, aur noch wuerdlger ala in New Tork. Ich h«ba 
daa Berzog dia laua Xocha ait saioaD Bild uebarraioht, vorueber er 
aieh ganx anaaarordentllch gafraut hat. Ich auaata •m in isahreraa 
Exeefiplaren nachliafern und dia Nuaaer aird aingahaa in dia Doku- 
■antaaaaaaluog ueber dia Baiaa. Sonat koan^.ta ich noeh viel lu- 
atifa Dat&ila ersaahlen, dia Dir apaas maehan vuerdan. Ich baba 
auf Deicaa Rat hia taaglich nach Berlin gakabalt daait Berlin 
aieht, aie unterachiedlich Chicago iat. Sonat nichta Nauaa. 

fuer haute herxlicha Oruaaaa auch an Klaonor 

Da in 



Exhibit No. 67 

Dcutfd)cs (Scneralkonfulat nero ^ork. lo. januar 1^40 

t^ n \ ,. n \ '7 'Botrtnj Place 

Oerman Consulate ueneral 

la yoQT reply pU«se r«f«r to: J 

Dr. '.'anfred Zapp 
3'. 3on Avenue 

t^oehrter Kerr Dr. Zapp: 

Dor Inhaber dieses Brief es. Herr Karl 
.: -fl 1 1 e r , Kaufraann, geboren an 23. I.5aerz 1900, 
ist von mir la Llnverneliraen mlt Herrn Dr. Draeger 
veranlasst woraen./v.L^,-^.. uer bel- Ihnen offenen 
Stolle in Ihretn Bxiero vorzusprechen. oOllte :Ierr 
:.:uoller luer die otelle nlcht In i^gge konuaen, 30 
bin Ich ;;erne berelt, Ihnen weitere bewerber nam- 
haft 2u nachen. Herr Mueller iat auf Elnwanderunga- 
viauni in die U.S.A. gekomrien und somlt arbeitsbe- 

Mlt de';l:.aciietn GruaaJ 
Der O^e.ralkonsul 

I'/rad (},!al3C)i) 



Exhibit No. 68 

Dcutfd)cs (Bcncralhonfulat 

German Consulate General 

'Bel ^ontsortonf bta< de)i)«fb«B: I 
la J9V rapty pU>«» rW«r loi I 


Herm Sr.H. Zapp 
341 Madison Avenue 
lew York City 

new ^orh, 8. Maerz 1940. 
17 ^9ontrv) Plocc 



Sehr geehrter Herr Dr. Zapp! 

Sle Deutsche Informationea telle In Berlin 
hat am G.d.Uts. elne amtllcbe Verlautbarun^ ueber dit 
polnlBchen <h-euel In der Ukraine and in Oberschleslen 
an die deutsche Presse gegeben and darch Traneooean 
im Ausland verbreitet. 

Ich waere Ihnen sehr verbunden, wenn 
Sle mlr moeglicbst ungehend mlttellen wollten, wel- 
chen Niedi-rschlag dieoe Verlaatbarting in der hie- 
slgen FreB£>e gefimden hat, 

Aaseerdea noecbte Ich Sle noch aaf- 
tragageEaeaH ersuchen, Meldung Oder ?ehlanzelge 
Ihrerseits onmittelbar nach Berlin Ea erstatten. 




Exhibit No. 69 

Deutsche Botschaft 

Washington K.C. , den 27.Marz 1940. 

Ich mochte nicht vrfehlen, Ihner 6en Brpfang 
Ihres Berichta von; I'^.ir-^rz 'ibcr Ihr° l^tzte Vortrags™ 
reise zu bestntigen 'in<! liinen den vcrbind liens ten 
Dark der Botschcft auszusprec'ien, daB Sie sich mit 
solcherp. irfolg dieoer Aufklarungstatijkeit angenom- 
jTo--; ha'ncn. lo/ ■^a^e nicht verfehlt, Ihren aufschluS-. 
reichen Bpricht cer. jiusw rji^en ji.Tit zur Ketintnis zu 

A" den Leiter der Trangocean-Vertretung Cr.m.b.H, 
Kerrn Dr. '-Manfred Z a n p , 
341 Madison Avenue, 
New York. N.Y. 


Exhibit No. 70 


NEW VOt« «•»» 

aurrav Hi;i 4W1'' 
TeJi^rwM : Tl—   •■■ 

A. April 19ii0, 

Herrn l^r- Manfred Zapp 
" The Drake " 
LaJtr- Shore brlve 
Chicago, 111. 

Lieber Dolctor Eepp I 

Herr iir. Uunck hat einen Tetl aer Lokumente 
aus 'Aashington gebracht; der *-est wlra wohl heute Im Laufe des 
Tages hier elntreffen. L)ie Verteilung soil durch uns inoffiziell 
an Interessenten erfolgen, in der Form, dass wir aiesen auf /.nfra- 
gen aitteilen, wir selen durch elnen glueckllchen Zufall in aer 
Lage, Ihnen eln Exemplar zukocmen zu lassen. 

Leider muss das ganze Dokunent hier erst auf 
Stencils uebertragen una vervielfaeltigt werden, was schnellstens 
geschehen wird. Ich hoffe, Ihnen raorgen oder uebermorgen schon 
einige Exemplars zuschicken zu koennen. 

Im uebrlgen hat Herr Dr. Hunck von seiner 
helse gewisse Dlrektlven mltgebracht, ueber ale ich mlch mit Ihnen 
lieber muenalich unterhalten moechte. 

Mit den besten Gruessen 



Exhibit No .71 

RCl PR1704 XC I 

BERLIN 7 24 1800 




Exhibit No. 72 

Z9 3 

T RCl PRD11«9 XC 
BERLIN 45 29 1820 



CFM 1«00G 1800S igiSC 9L0 gJOOG 23i3G BLB BIS MOOi 


10«PM.,, \V-> \i 

RWCD TO TKS \ t ,\/ | 




Exhibit No. 72 (continued) 

T RCl PRDllfiS* XC 

BERLIN ki 29 1820 








CFM l«OOG ISOOG 1315G DLQ 230CG 2313G DLB BIS 0300G 




nil  I tl 


M-'^' '•^fMi-.. 

ExiiiKiT No. 73 

TRCl PRK2141 
BERLIN 11 17 1954 






Exhibit No. 74 

ROl P1U320 ::c -DxLl^l U I 121. 





■V oOi- _ 

1 • • • 

^T^ PL A"" 

•n: 1 i. 

E "iiiriT Xo. 75 

i 3^th ST. 
/ii i'HH AVENUl 

Ttlackay Tladio 



F08EISN 'services 

NAA 15 RADI_0 VIA MRT=N BERLJH JUL 11 1540 Tr21 





rotm occ-1 

r . 


i74778 — to— pt. -2 


Exhibit No. 76 

KArsr.LT ^'ORTLAUT l; 

sooA . :;t 

Exhibit No. 77 

1C» ntlCi4« Z€ UHtLlM if 10 i43> 


CRrMKXLicE ivzNTVELL HXT scciummnic 

lEC IC 1 
lEC tC 2 TC 

Exhibit No. 78 

t9 CAILE A9CVST 3f &M0 < TIAfllsnCft ACCMMT > 
U TtiUISt«BAIi KtUfl 


Exhibit No. 79 



( NO SIG ) 

4 R530 TO 7 MCK 

Exhibit No. 79 (continued — 1) 
t€i ?R72< tl 
BOUN 11/40 7 tUQ 


BiTti: mmii mknmintiim yEUEHLAENGE senbezeiten 






No. 79 

(continued — 2) 

■■tMi—MMsawawaynB*'.  -i-"? - ;•■*,■ •4'/sw?r"^sc?:3is;iE*' 















KMiiiiir No ,"^'0 




( NO SIG ) 



Exhibit No. 81 





Exhibit No. 82 




•EiMCTicxH EiLi«sT fvnt wnroisTiREiiBE nrncBsocitnie mntnw 
AKCASXK mmiemKt warn HiT6Li»ti AursieirsitATs vmstaiibs 
^ttuufMCum nt lAcii^AMTEiLBCsiTxrx MSBntm bahkxii aucibt 

C M SIC > 

niAitiT urns 

I i iA»p irr x« 


Exhibit No. 83 

T ICl PSS55 XC tCKLIN 100/94 27 1»00 


uop err EMB.««* 


lei uc TO 

Exhibit No. 84 




%U S6T..FSE ACX«* 

rrt rst Ac% nost ?• 1 1 ami t« 2 

[ICC tC X !• 




Exhibit No. 85 

RC3 FR588 XOX * 

BEHLIM 21/20 28 1330 


. IT COL;,. _ ^ : 


T G 

Exhibit No. 86 

RCl PRK778 XC 
BERLIN lS/15 9 1750 

lc transnews newyork 

dokumente eins bis zwanzig 3ei veroeffentlichung volltfxtlich 

wa:";hi.^gton gefuhkt bitte dort anfordern 

1235P ...PSE ACK 


Exhibit No. 87 

T hCl PRD3113 XC 


' BERLi;>i 29 7 17^*4 












AFTOi&LAD^T STuv-r.n 

Ul. . 
















FILMS ;;c UiiiFCR::iE 




NT r- 








,S>01A ^ST 



Exhibit No. 88 


RC 1 XT D275 

BERLIN 13 26 2104 







Exiii::iT No. 89 

■ruAMie Tan MOCATio 

Tobtal Tckqvaph 

■■'A, .y 

CKM.., . r. c. 
<v= .' ...,K.r.c. 


11144 BfR COLLICT-SH CHJCA90 ILL ^K^f APR 1 1940 





Exhibit No. 89 (continued — -1) 


— '-nr 
, . i.r.c. 


Tostal Td^qvaph 

THM a * n>u. MTV 





U>M.C!M »»•*«•-» 


••■r^TTO a. b.M«n«. 

IM Twr FW 

i«AMai« 1 

en w TK mxjmk«« rm tm* mksi 


ft-r%«OI_% tM--Mln><iwu 

«((rv>d *n ri » 


MMl ul/tVJ«tt» 1*1 IMt 

COMTaMf k 


CM tMM< AT fc»CM 0*»1» 


cj - 


NBOKH^roMr injTttO^r 


tE«W€»f« 9ACfftfff9f« M88P«I8««ES R»lfe'i tjlf P^lsi^St qIeIchER 

Exhibit No. 89 (continued — li) 


■rAWD*»«> t8m: ifmioTO 


■c- *» // 

HkXiuutTOMt •«/T»*v>^'ir» 







,, .-.-...HA.t: 

TO »a«TA(. TiLca 

Exhibit No. 89 (continued — 3) 

Thstcil Tcl^^ciph 




 CM )«MM»M>*ll 

UI1CB »* ••MMi. 

M 1M P-«**W»i« 1 



KX.B «»•.»***-.• 

wn-nc» • 



ou*u««t) p> tx eoM^M.. « 







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Exhibit No. 90 

MHUi>.ii olUli.'l: t^l 

4BH»i»6IChm. H.Y.C. 

HU^-ilU MUS9I10 

To^tal Tdcqvaph 


^^1 UAilS«N AVE- 




Exhibit No. 90 (continued — 1) 



¥U 4-?S:)S Ml! 5 9110 

,   ■^,::r::::;:..^. 


yfM t% A »UU. «W» 


WHM r.«j(. 1 

««VCATII» •> ••WV-X 

t« t 

T-» rw_- 

OM M T>M aooivn* or ▼»« 


prM»K.a aii«o»At^ 


not «««.rr:iKn 

MM «/tV»N«0 H.».-t 

OH (MMO •T tAOi nrrU 

^ A«» -M '«ui wnM 1 





Exhibit No. 90 (continued — 2) 

Tostal TcUavaph 

• nMtm^ MiHCMaiiiJiitt «aNvKai tArcTro 

««« OUti M&O 





Exhibit No. 91 





REcerveo at 64 BROAD S i REET, new York. at. 

AO MAr" 30 »-» ' 


^ '/d -f 


15 30 1930 




To ••cur* promi't actJon on loquliira. this ort|tln«l RADIOGRAM «boulJ b« prwsvntvd kt tb« offto* of 

lOO* Inquliir* <)uot« th* number p>'«c^lnc the plBc«o/ oricla. 

•pit U A •.««■ O 1 Q 1 1 **■" ••<^"*^ promirt actJon on loquliira. this t 

lelepnon6i nAnover ^-loix rca-cokmvnications.^ 


No. 92 


BERLIN 11 28 0105 









754P EST. 






Exhibit No. 93 

RC4 PR473 XOX 
W^niin $ 27 2257 

URGENT rumsm^s newyohk 


I U^ 





Exhibit No. 96 

17. Okt«b«r 1939. 

iXixmr Altmburc* 

1 t y Xii  > 

■•In llatwr (H>»nth«r I 

Bin yraund Ton sir au* Mv ?ork faaturt In 41mm»k Ta| 
■uf OhMMc*n n««k B^utaohloMi oad iaii bttiilr— 41«6« tt>ltg— Iwtty 
Iha •l»»o •usfu«ihrll«iMn ^^sa an U.«kk siMkicebHu Xa A«v taMttii 
S»it» •• MM v«t d«r B«lJHt «*)xr atar vartlear abga— hut %t 

tat •• ain«a Uasar |u%, aann aan 0«I»c«nh«it tet* a&alk mtk% JaaaaAi 
Sfraahan. dar f«r«%*aaAnia hat fuar dla Moti» mA iTf n «Ml 
41a rracMtaa* di« unaar Baruf nit alch brla(%. 

Via Su Plr ««nk«n kannat. alMl «!• 
teon dl* ftol 

iaarlka aloht allau sroa». teon dl« feobalariekaltan >»U.^w  

fkat tea ■Mkaahllab aaagliaha^ ■aiiM AuTcaba aar, aia l«li aaife mtf 

ka k«a« il—l «la BariahtaTatattunc aaa ^aa Varaliitlgtwi ~ 

isah uaaarar Zantrala «at naah Saadaaarika su or| 

Aae Abaata tco Tranaciaaawiaohrlchtan aoa Barlla 

BtaataM An dla Wfm m laltan. Ma w >a Aufeate 

MOlfaoF falaat. ftULn Bca larkar Baara flbl hmttm 

riahian is dautaehata ilaaa aaah Kasika, ■tttalaMM 

■taatan» aa l a Inf oraatlanan naeh Bagrlla« alt i«M» iitv la 

teaufl^ dla Eankurr«na» aaaallah dla »ro«f " "^ 

via Onitad ^rmam «Ml Aaoaalatad Praaa. farnar Itovaa «■< Kaatar aahla 

Oaaa dlaa allaa Aa klapat ( daa hal*«t> lauMliaial haban at 
ilaa«rfal«a ) - dana Blahta lat riilHrawaii auf d i a l— Walt -» 
dla rrawdaa daa Barufaa. 

aiabt aa dafacaa alt dar Oatart 
la dar aaarlkcnlaatMb Praaae aaa. Zah kalM aiah hla 
glal^ aaah aalaar Anktarf t aa dla daiitaah apaaah l^a Pvt 
laid Ihr TraoaoaaainnaahTlehtan varkauft. 
Bahaiarifkaltaa. Bodann flac i<rti daraa. tn 
aaarllraniaah aiwaahlcaa rraaaa anaublataa. 

Ma Tranaoaaaaaaahrlahtaa^ dla la aaclli 

hlarhar gafuakt vardaa* auaataa ainaanhat Inhaltilah mt» aaah 

Hah auf dla lantalltaat dar Aaarlkaaar aat dla 




Exhibit No. 96 {continued— 1) 

- t - 

Mtirli^ Xjitk« _, - - - ,....^- 

m^m van «lS siltet fil« s«kj«fee&«« A«?fM«ssaiit. ««s» nr Ma. 
KMktri«itMD« dlo oiefai «£t«» siur«r «jms» fiNGpi m&^ai* cS»« 9«f 

Mur »u« ' mm» l t imi sith» ^sUa hntmm . i»» 4i^«i ^ms^ Unlnn aa«i9i 
Ba^Ki in jyMHTii&at -ttmSmi. U9mm«m, @imm. Ma •«&jSSk ««t« ^hspfselatlMBai 

A«a««» Bi6ht ei&s«t>i£is«fi, -> ssvsc te^ 6lleiii»se iSs« smm* tut- 't 

Sum cw»t«i tot* &«i4«y fc«ante ootti mmMm.^^ mSSSSSm^ 
leH MMt na»t«MUlMt alt il» saMmMj arlwitem kM». Bv glM iil«6 


Exhibit No. 96 (tontiinied — 2) 
- 3 _ 
In d«r B«arb«itun« d«r 08 ©•ff«ntltch«n B»inxm« dl« «ro«»tt« Buahe'. 

dlJ wl5^1n»«hllg«n. die at*? leld.r nur •llivi b.euflg «uf dl« Dau- 
•r ungan«b*r «lnd. Wlr l»»»9n M.«r J«cl«nf»ll» iiicht. unvarmioht. 
winn wlr «xich blshor uoch k«tn« Erfolg* ««*oiti«t ii«ban» »o brauoh 
mieh dan j»doch rvichr. »t»uh8Jt«r, laoiar aydtn n^A« Vor((to»«8« uad 

rloht«j d«y l«tst«n looat* d»n M*a^-^^cht«n d»r Kor-kurr«n» gee«nu«b«r. 
In a»n«n wlr -ilo Jxmk^T'Kisi s-sltlich und tnh*ltlich «tt9«hlagan habwa, 
AucS Al«p hit rii.Tht vi«i gfthclfsn. Irjoar viedoir tach* l«h sol«h« 
V«i'«uchc« JadaoSi JSTgiMr-Ho Und daa J-*t •utnuXlg«jr«rt. 

P*l sorgraaltlgaB L^aaii dar 8ifc«r1Jias.iaol)an Pye^n* fnalit 3»~ 
doah ttuf, <lT3!* Tran8oO'».".n a.Ui kuvd vl^d-xr Blijlrrfe vi.f<&, I«<h h»bv« f«T^«> 

d«r jrota'jn fry.-35e .:»uj c'-'jt M:ft. -iir»lit ivs:.tolll«n »ird ^ind rt«r F»- 
Ai^]ct«ar»n ku XAf«r«i»ticrJS!>9cir«ji t'orlidi^t, Be wnolten wlr 73nlgtt«iui 
«uf dieaa Vdfc KlrL££n$ U\ di« ».i«rl&«cl«cJtx« ?res4o, •mum sfl auob 
««us»crU.oh nicht al«^(]e3iv let* 

loh vwrrjche, die xnajluntetur 4>r jatslafta S«lt *!is»ur.ut»«a 
•ind ilia ^ut« auf 'Jfi*ar.3oanf.ij nwugi'^ri* i,v. •ach.-aio Wcstfi ii_" ufithr 

Of und CI* itlcht ii-sb^^Dt 'lauirt iT«-ar.i*i sir salt Clir **!* ^iA#v doreh Im 
(jri-.tlshea, was Hii- r.-ili.v::-, 'Uli- 3R.u»-si«a i» Ujrliv* v^aaarr^r* il?aaso<i«iMt>- 

4:1^ us?i y? nl<&« si&r V£7ru.):]iiiQ^ 3tia!i9iS. Xah tiab*;: dan ai.MrxMdc« UM 
wlr Z>*ntsw&« Imsr a^icij wx d.-* Fehlwr 7trf»Ii«-n# AeAl^«!vt»rB 2«?«a" 
it«b9r h««flieh«2' S'j «?5u r^-* .;t£?2-.u9b«r dan «lcMt«B IiSAdelvutAB wed 

.\«C9niud.t c<^^«a ale i&s? ^irw.^ •:a >i)u«»ohcii A2«:^*<uf . tfcnn «» ima e»lifi- 

4ofr> X%t«?-i.£33 £^t 9x(]'r:-'j9h.v-jm \ii>A 8»ld«t«n 9rhalt«gi, s« «a«r«a 
d«t» azftlualTii S«l^unjs«ec s:!.^ ^f^aan tI? in dl» •asrUcin.^^eha Pr«»»« 
iMHBsn Iceacaitei:.. 2i»m«o stahK es alt d«i int«rTl«i?B •j»d Acusb«rtn403> 
4«r 0&%07M«booV-CoeiaABdJsnten. S« k:»3t«^ ^^b allies «iora vlel S*itf 
Ba9h«» Kl3lnarb«it weA ?«b«j7trind(UiS tou witAvrstAecdca^ tea 4i«t su «y» 
r«l«h«a. etir-« i£.T: x.j\j>iir-Xi wir abor aul S-tT'sIq tile? niofat roehDCB. 
K6i)!» ifuah«o Sola a«l4Gj^f9S>» 6«Xbst In I>«vlgau> soiltcn >u s^osf i-slB, 
tm WM lor J9iir?'4iohusc luuMror Zlola nAohersubrln^ea, 

tmau {hi '/ra&0ooe«n hlorlo xmt«rstueta«n ka*nntofi«| taotMt 
Du eln giJU gk*tt8»«s W»rlc. Su kMnnat Sir nlcht voraftellen, 9l« •»to«r 
«ir •• hierv drauts«n b«b«n uud w*nn ieti oloht wuftssta, dase Bar? 
Tan Hoaajrar fcai transacean wlrklieh allaa, vaa in aain«i Eraaft^t 
•taht. tatj UB ISD3 au untaratuataac uad vam ar aiaht ao tuaahtig vaA 
anargiaeb wtard, ao haatta loh aicharllch hiar cahen 41a ^lljota iua 
Karn gaverfan und SKlna AuTgaba ala unloaabar auTgagstan. Hoaa^ar hat 
ons virkllab 7i«l g«bolfaii. Xah fiicrabta nur, daaa dla tahwlarigkalftai 


Exhibit No. 96 (continued — 3) 

ftlt dmnen ar su kairapfwi hat, weniy auoh auf andarmi Q«biet«n, «»hn- 
lich gross •ind »!• die un»or«n, 

*enn ich »uch Jstgt Tranaceaau-i dlrakt nleht la dl« Pr«ss« 
brln£«n ksen - d«nn dao l«hnan, «le gassgt, Torlasuflg noch dl* •»•- 
rll£*n±och«n Lssar una Anseig®r.vergpb«r ab, A* •!• kslna S*ehrieht«n 
au« deutach«r fii«lle hvuban wollcn, »o sruao d«r R«d«kt«ur dooh wl»- 
3*ai, »le AS in l)*utsohl8Jid eusslaiit uzkd Br«s dort vorgsht. HlcrauT 
gruend* Ich laiasr wicdar aein* Hoffnungen» 

Aehnliah liegsn di<» Dinga belia ffundfon^. Auah hl«r habs Ich 
Vartuch* gesaaoht;, Transooaannaehrtchtfta su verk:auf«n» K»uis hatt» ich 
IBsehrlchtan u®b«r di« I^urt varbrcitat, toaaan Prot^stssi'irfiiban Jued4B0h« 

d«in» Das soil isioh J«doch atoht abhaltan, hisr w«it?sr »fu »rb«lt«n, 

Ich wpjr vfen Trajisoa«e.i V3iTorh«pge»«hen«rBal8® b«auftr«s* »«»- 
disn. nach P^jr^aM sa fliegfcis ua acrt di«i pim-*K^rik«LJVle«h* Ef»if9r«is 
i^u ascskagio Sis* war, wle Pu Dir dsnken kaima^, i"xier aich air.a hoohintar 
«SB«Qt9 E«lB«e Ich fiabe vlci galerntj, allwrdlnga ftuei-i unter unguansti- 

gan ¥«rh*9ltnlasan vi®i arb9lt*r. nueeaaiii Doah di»«3 Arb«lt, salbat 
vsgim slo untar uiisuencti^aii Verhft«ltni»«*a ror sioJi g^t, aateht, da 


d«s« B«a rran*eeeaa erst jatat S uii\f^^^\^ S»?a4;«a #la Varbr4h2n* 

In atne«, t»U* vasrstsendnisioa^ "3?^ mamlos v»rsteai«han Ifissaa. 
»« f8e»«n i.% vBi«eh«>i.3r i^^**"* ^®^^* 'i®"^fe«eixf»indllch«n tear ika Fane 

M su ^«-ki«S*^lir2^o8-S*So?'^f^r^®^^**'^ «» doutaah. Krai 

274T7S — 40 — pt. 2 IG 



Exhibit No. 96 (coutiuued — i) 
J - 

•uohhji»^l«Vf 4«r Tr*nseo«MUM«hrioht«n ru«r **•! *»«h«a b«st«llt«. 
ff«a& tclbat dl* danWohai KrslM to g*rlns«a ▼•rstasndnls Mlg«n» 
••U muk van d«B Aa«rik«ii«m arvartwi. 

Su dicMQ 8cbwl«rick*ltaB und Sorgan keaMAn Al« ricsBal*!- 

iMt*. |l«ht iMirr tr«ff«n di« Klttal mtt Dur«hfu«hrui>c Miner 

Aktl«nan yuaaktUch ain. Hltuatar haba loh aueh groata tondaraaaga- 
baa. dia rorbar lUeht vorauaauaahan alnd. IrdTolga van sbalohtllohaB 
Be7katt> uod Bakaaapfungabaatrabungaa, wia Tarlfarhoehungao, frosaasa 
ata. Diaa brlnct ainan aano^awl aur Varawaiflung. 

PoaU lah win Dleh nicht Xaangar i&lt dlaaan itoatan uni Sor* 

Kn auToaltaA. Wir alia habaa yixa^r^ Bahwlarigkaltan su uabarvlndaa« 
ffaatlleh haba iah Dleh ni^t allsuaahr alt aalnaa Briaf galaag- 

In dar Hoffnung, galagantlieh too Olr gu boaran. 
Dleh uad Dalxia Gattin in aXtar Fraundaahaft haraiichat adt 


Hall Hltlar 1 



Exhibit No. 97 

19. Maerz 19A0. 

Herrn Oberreglemrissrst 
0«o7-g Mayer 
Mainzerstr. 6. 

Lieber Freuiia M&yer I 

Herzlichen i^an)'. f 
25. Fflbruar. Es Treat iaich, class Sle 
ha 1 ton ;.aban. 

Wic Sic 3lch c 
fri' imu nunter \ind fest an der A.-. 
;llbt es weiiiPjd in /juerika. Ich ha be z. 
arid eins in War,hin.f;ton nit 15 Lauten, 
':^in hlnrsr-ehr bescltaefti!;!;, da ich ne 
Tr¥>ttf; aucii noci* Vot uraege ha^te. 
l'nlvf»TSj.taet, uer .-iai->/aiil Uai. vemltaf 
lJis'--?isslon3abrind«n Jiic reb^dlioJien Au 
Ic:: r.^bfi £\p..\s ocean '.lie r Ln .^j-i-- '.''.n 1 
T:"'t;i3ccean isc i!^.iarh,.lb ei/uss Jal: 
ci;'. '^t^L'T-i'T Jicwor sen, loii habe i'lc 

> Post":'. arte vom 
:laiiochl3vr.ienscne er- 

Ich hler 
,:__. .-^u. _^ :..:.. . ;'iirnalisten 
. Zt. etn Buero in New York 
ale fuer ,-nich arbeiten. Ich 
ben (leiner journalistisohen 
ibe &Xx ufer Princeton 
,;e5p:oGhen, werde zu 

s .. 

.6 nut 
r : . an 

.en Jou' 

uen aie none 


aden usw. 

Icl ge- 
'--• gibt, 
 '^ 'ioch 

laeren Geble- 
■inu Aufgaben als 


Meine leetio- - 
"a.^'en, icn biu Stjhi' zairi ^cii ^;i 

lichtlgen Steile. '^eben izi-- . v-^uptr- 
n-ben :a£li^e^ Vort;ra£St8etig/:eit geo*" Icn ft\. 
2clt£cnri.ft heraus; icurz icn laac::-^ alles Mc? — 
frutner nlcht habe traeuaen "iSsen, oass xca e 
r.aette. Til ••entueaJ.lcherwelEe lit aan .-jlt "^elne 
zafrladen. Ich -toame durcn aelne Taetia^'eit na 
Kreisen und vlelarticen Leuten zuseounen. Erst 
Roosevelt bei einem grossen Essen gesehen, an 
taer Hull teilnahm. Sumner Welles kenne ich re 

Gpass und 
f -ch bin hler 
igung und 
. elne Wochen- 
. . .e, was ich mlr 
s aiiberhaupt gekonnt 
r Tae^igkeit ueberall 
tuerlich mit vielen 
gestern ha be ich 
aem auch Staatssekre- 
cht gut von Panama 



Exhibit No. 97 (continued — 1) 

' Z - 

her. Ich welss nicht, ob ich Ihiien geschricben habe, dass ich 
seinerzett die Panaaa-Konf erer.? bes'jcht habe. Auf der f^ueckfahrt 
von Panama bin icn durch ganz Zentraianei iita f.ereist und habe. 
uort ur.serc Traxisoceanzwei- gsteilen besucht, berw. eingerlchtet. 
Werji auoh ^entralamerika nir offtzieil nicnt unterstellt ist, so doci: der groe^ate Toil der Bearbeicung Zent^alanerikaa durch 
meine Uaende. 

Ich /C&nn laioh uRbcr Uangei an Beschaef tigung nicht bekla- 
gen. t ruehor war das, wie Sie wlssen, anders. Ich betrachte mich 
^etzt euigekomme.n, wo Ich inrj-jr hiiwollte. Ob es noch welter gcht, 
moechte ich dahia^^sstollt seln lessen; abar vorleeafiL' bin ich 

Da ich mit meiticr Zelt Kjiapp bin, moecnte ich fuer heute 
schllfassen und Ir^-ien nzr <;-.:rz nlles Gate .len. 

Mit den herzlichsten Grufetser: 
liir gor.reu>_r 


Exhibit No. 97 (continued — 2) 

Ouatemala, C. A., 5, Oktobar 1^9. 

Horrn Ouanther Toan, 
c/o Trsneocean, 
W B f YORE. 

Lieb«r Harr Tonn, 

Kb tut inir leld, das* ica Ifman auf Ibren letztan ftrlef nlcht fruahoJ 
entworten konrite, absr wlr aattec, wis sle sicb donken koannan, la 
dan latzten Tagaa soviel 8U tun. led babe bia su r»loefhuadert Sor- 
tan pro Tag kurz Tor Abechluea der Koafereaa aach Be»rlln gakabaXt. 
Sa hat slch tieraus gostellt, dasa lea trota aller SchwierlgkeltaQ 
• tata richtlg gelagen iiaba und daaa Icti auin groeeston Tall, wla icb 
arat Jatat in Ouatarnala uebdrseiian kann, Dinga gegeban Qaba, dl« 
Q? und AP nioht in itiram l;lenata oattan. Von dan Aiaarlkanam war sa 
 tata aohwlerig, 9acliricn.ten xu bekommen, da icb baaondare Tcr- 
daeebtigt rurda und bel Ihnan eear unbclisbt war. Aua dlseem Grua- 
da Buaate Icb Sle bitten, dis beldon Radon iallas tron Raw York aus 
su gaban, dann Ich arfuhr-, dass aie Stundan vorher In Washington 
auagegaban wurdon, nlctit dagogan In Panama . 

Zu menaw grossan Badaue^j araab icti sub Ihram awoitan Sctirelb*n» 
<Saa« sieh S^nr K^eutEsnsteln a la Hiata erwlaeen hat. fir warden 
also 2U unisaram urspruai^llchen Plan uabsrgahen nuesaan, und unaer 
ffaahiagton-Buero mit Axwrikanern besatsonjaa wlrd mlr dann nlchta 
anderes uabrlg blelban, ale drel Taga In dar foche in Waahlngton 
suaubrlngan. Auf Itir latz tea Schrelban bin hatta Icn von Itxnan aln 
felagreiBM arwartat, In dam aia mlr Ihra VorachXaage zur Hagalung 
d«r Waahingtonfrag* unterbreltan wuerdan. Ds sle nloht telegraflart 
habeo, nsfina Ich en, desa Davie von Trenaradio fuer una nlcht naeb 
Wa8hlngt<ai gahan will. 

Icli bin sur Zelt hlar in Ouetenaia, ur. alna angera ZuaauBBanarbalt 
adt Zantralamarika su regain. Zentralamerila , Quetamala, Panama, 
Managua, warden dan few Yorker Mlttagadlenat ragelraaaaBlg aufnah- 
e»n. Die Varbraitung in Ouatamala let gut, in Panenrn stackt alia* 
noch Eu eehr in dan Kindarachulien, aodase ich dauebar noch nlcht 
gaEttu urtallon kann, Jedocb iat die Aufnchme und Verbreltung unaa- 
raa Dienatae in Panana eahr dllletasitlach aufgatogan. 

goasabaad froah warda ieb, wla leh Zhnan borelta talagraTlarta, in 
aaxlco aein; wlalaaga Ich dort blaiben warda, kann Ich bis heuta 
ooch nlcht uaberaaoen, tu>ffa jadocb, apaataatana mltta naachatar 
loch* neeh Mabana waiters ufljegan. Voreuaslchtlieh werda ich ar^e 
iui«ch«tar foeba in Haw York seln. 

Kit harzlichan Qruaaaan 




Exhibit No. 98 


< NO SIG ) 



Exhibit No. 99 


»-*.:c -in»T 

"J - ^ * 


Tostal Tdeqvaph 

iltl iJmtrtcu Cahtit- 







T.'R. Eellermeler 
Timker 1926 
17 Battery Place 
Be* York, N.Y. 

Exhibit No. 100 

Den 21. 3-.^ r.t •..-::; be r 13^^ 


Dr. MaAfrrtil Tanp 
Tentr.-il Hotel 
Panama Ci';/, ?.. aaraa 

Lieber Hi?!'r- "n^tl 

2r. fr 

■^nt :■ 



3i / l.'-rt _:l-;;c'^ML-h 

^^^^^ ani^elan'ct sinri. 



i r.-::r. 

_.v,,.^^ ,. ., •:. . ^*.,^ 

^^^^H| Ihrcm Dortseln 


?.n : 

-<-' A'. 

, t K.u^Vrn..- 

^^^^B station in S'a.fa7inrika de: 


vir'-len. ?-;r Me ubf-r- 

^^^^^K sen'iiin^; elnes 7 

v' ?•■■' 

-. ■, .- .,;--.. .3_ 

^^^^^K berichts ub'^r d 

ie Ta, 

„'■■'-" ti 


Loh I..;. en st^r >iai.kbnr. 

^^^^H 7iel Ttichr will 

Ich I: 


houte nicht schreiben. 




3ie f 

lort luici 2Utfi R^CKkohr! 



Kit Heil Hi ^.ler! 







Exhibit No. 101 







JR CAI38 BERLIN 28/27 23 2540 




Ofidu PriBd|«t: t^ada CtMW Moa. Ofaopo j A««i«r, H«lMi>a.— TeMooo* A-IISe, A11S7, A-11S8. 

^wmUi m: SadtiMO <>• CAmt Smo wq. • Lwraina. T«L 2420 j 24 1 1 .- Cieaf Ma«*: Htmnvitintt, 34, TaL A-MS j 

CiMigfin iU^Uica f I. Talifeno 2t5S. 

Exhibit No. 102 

RCl PRK1638 XC 

BERLIN 26 4 1200 











Exhibit No. ]03 

2^, Aufuat 1939. 

tierrn l^«a 0$«9 
CasiUU 5>9, 

Sahr g<ijdhrt«r Ksrr Sl«« I 

KH ijat salch aueser-ardaat.lleh jafntut, •leaal 
C«l«c«ntMil% gshabt zu hftb«i; 8l3« &'«sm auch mir kure, friftdor- 
suMh«a. Ich i2Qffs^ a«sa Sit gXu»ckUdli in Qui^ stCM^vkooacn 
find, mtA dasa Sic Gelegdcheit gshsbt hab«n, aieh In Aw xw«i 
taf-aa IbNtlko ftAsusf»^<9a, Boffantlleh let Ihr^ w«ll«rr*l»« duroli 
di« KanAlxoaB ^iits ISch«iarlg^3it«£i vonsitattsB gcgangtn. 

In der AnXagt aKWchts ioh Zhnsa, vlt ▼•rtproohcn^ 
unscren Seadsplcun sus«nd@n, in 4«r Boffnang, 4«»a Si« in d«r Iiftg* 
sii3d, un««r« nccb Suoden g*rloh%«%«n 6anduia€«n sufxun»h»«B* 

Mlt H«ll Hitler I 
Ihr tfihr erg«1>«n«r 

8anfr*d 2app 

1 Aal«f«< 



Exhibit No. 104 

Charge to the auount of 

Transovaan News Service 341 Madison Avexiue MewyorkCity 

^ -- $ '- 

/ ^ 

o.->«( -■'■ 

*.«.t^ J 





;.. i 





ACC0UH1IM0 lN>OllMAnO*l 

Reply collect 

P: j\ui:c »cber 

Paseo rie Ip Rei'oraa 27 aept 503 

Mexico Iff 

V-?.c:e daiiKbar I'utr Mltueliung ob Iraigard Hoepfner bekannt 
cat 3ie als lolereriz on 


Exhibit No. 105 





1.1 i>!:TAM>Ai!l>TIMt>l»v>M 

COLl.ECT=;..E;;iCOCiTY 1 

mem . pii II ^ 

i u , ^ , ; o ^' L I- n . i 1 ; u .. ^ ^ L I i V I \^*~- 

--:^'■r^ ;.-ADico;: ave= 


.-. ;.' r I V 

I tFLL:- 

M'^ /^» • * • * <^ 






lut cu\ii'.iNT WILL .^rrfctrurr ••!-<.«*e*«7io\.' rRou n5 I'ai«o.n«* coxrtKMxo IT» BcmiCB 



Exhibit No. 106 

Dr. Paul max Weiei 

•WtfSftlTANTf fN MtlICO 



HJI AMniCMf UNO l«tv*tf 

H«NtimNACH«ICHTtN G. . b M. 

9Et i'lN 

♦uxico, D. f.. fisR 1-i.iO.i'-; 

PAMO Oe 1* KK»MA V. Owls. SBJ 

i:errn ur. K. Zapp 

341 iia<^i.-: 

V,vn York. ., ,i» 

Lieber Herr Dr. Zapp! 

Fir ttlle ?alle odchte ich' ihnen nooh meine vor- 
la"-r^-r'~ .idresae in den v'ereinin .en Staaten mitteiler. laiJteti 

c/q Robert K. Hopper 
727 Vine otreat 
Denver, Col o r a a o, 
U. S. A. 

^i* si;v.; re 



VSre ee v-lelieicht mSglicfa. dass Sie mir an die oMfTF 
schrift jeweila - vielleieht mit Luftpost - 8in«n Duroh- 
sohlap: ihrer eonr-iftliohen Bcrlchtsdienste eenden* loh mdch- 
te diase iil<^ht nur haban.iun <i«iv«ji p-;..e> •-•--'ene unabhdngige 
InforaationfiqueXle zu haben.8onde,r: um Txelleieht Ue- 

terla<?eri b«i eventiwllen Abnehmem f'ir Hire Lienate vorwei- 
sen su kbrnsen. 


w:mammp*jmamaKemmmf:i.:-30mkx.z':.^ ".t'-m- x..w< 



Exhibit No. 107 

Class or Sin wf 

TKii II m (ullT»ce 

fram ui>l«vi m* J^ 
letTcJ chitjcTct II in- 
dicated by a •u>iaMr 
artnN)! •tK'\T m ft*- 
cedtng f he »Sirem. 










•r*h*« S-«|m Lr*t. 


Ttefiiiac uiiw«b<i«ii is lh*OAI«Li«M ultfrvsu kM d&) btton « :>TAM].\IU>Tl]hlK m n->Bt ..f ofi(A. T.iMot r<«T.i>l w^TANIfAKUTIUI: al poijil w( U««un«U«ii 
R««T*d >t 40 Broad St., (Central Cable OfKcr). New York. N. Y. *oP^^ 


•.500^ >^^ 



/••^:^V31^1 SADISON AVE HYK 



TOS COMfA-V* ^MiL vrf'RECIATl .trOOECTIOXrt FROM rM PaTSON* COVf T.Is vim; m* HI^W-* 

Exhibit No. 107 (continued — 1) 
16. August 1940. 

. '*:»».""; ^S—AV , 

Herrn Dr. Paul **ax Weber, 

Paseo de la Reforoa 27-Depto 503, 

Mexico, D. P. 

Meln lieber Doktor Weber I 

Leider fehlt es air ftugenbllcklleh an Zait 
Ihnen ausfuehrlioh zu schreiben. Ich haette auch nichts, was 
Ich Ihnen beso^ers berichten aoechte. Ich schlcke Ihnen daher 
in der Anlage einsn ausfuehrliehan Brief, den ich an Banoit 
geschrieben habe. Gieichseitlg sende ich Ihnon auch eine Ab- 
achrift aua einer hiasigen oiaeographlachen Wochenschrif t 
"The HaKisphere", die Sie sicherlich intaresaiaran wird. 
Mit harclichan Gruessen, 




Exhibit No. 107 (continued — 2) 


Or.' Paui Max WEttt 




6 ! »l IN 

M8XICO, o.f.,1. April 1939 

fASIO M lA MfOtMA J7. 0«>»« J03 
C»r«ecl«>i MffMtai fAMAWfS Mtitts 

Lisber Kerr Dr. Zappi 

Vlelen Dank fir Ihr Schrelbsn vom 29. mUrz und 
Ihre gutsn Wijasche ror "ffiederheratell-ung melner Geaundheit. 
Inzwiechea hatte ich •^hnen i& echon gesdirieben. dase ioh 
leider wieder 14 '?8ge im Bett liagen rniisate vna noch eini- 
g« Zeit mit einer kranlrei) Hsche© werde bvuapeln aiissen, 

Ioh habe Heim Benoit in der /ingelegenheit Kamp- 
aann gefragt. Herr Benoit ist ^e viej. Itoger - 16 Jahre - 
in jceiiko alB ioh und fceunt eigentlioh allee, waa hier mlt 
der Presse zu tim hat. Er sagte mir, dass er von einem 
Kampmann hier nie etwas gehSrt habe, will Ihnen aber noch 
einmal auefihrlich schi-eiben. 

B8 tut mir leid, dass Sie vorlSufig nicht naoh 
Mexiko kommen kBnnen. Ich hoffe aber, dase wir una sptiter 
•inmal wiedersehen. 

Inzwischen herzliche Grttsse 

und Heil Hitler! 

. /• 





Exhibit No. 108 

THm to « IuIItik 

Sam urlc^ .n d< 
rred ch*t^<irf ii in 
dacMcd bv » (uiiftblr 
•fntfaot itiovf r^ pr«- 


'«rvwcr>M* c-a 


C*M* M^l» Unw 

liAKi>T.Ml. atj 


t>w IJIfic tMM«bii«ii is Uw date tar on tttepank hhI dft> : 




KiLPER stlhe unzutreffend h ier / ichts/larueber bekannt 



Tm coMrAXY wiLi. ATrKsriiTs Boooaarioiw moit m »T>oKf ctmcautuio m mvicr 

Exhibit No. 109 


■«■ aria ki d*. 


UNION ,3., 

IMG MAR 28 PM i2 25 

NAQ2 11/10«AL DETROIT MICH 28 11?4A 

TO coMrAXT wax ttntcu-n sraoMmoKt neat m tAnom ooxcbsmjiu it* icsnai 



Exhibit No. 110 



B&XvI^Vl d&s Teiegr 

. Keilpapiere bi. 

i send en an 

RiodejaAc.-;.. .,..y}, Bufc'i.v..o.;vi <.00iJ, beavi:. 

1000 L 

Jusata Uebarkc>isur.s Do. 

2aaiyjrvg bittt^n 

>00 Juni 

■-.Lie 2000, Moi. 

Exhibit No. 110 (continued) 

RCi XJV PR 1987 

CD? PrPM-; 77 2S 19U 

O-pil'3 im(S^^CA 0':Kii:jJ ZMTIX, uXjMfO yi«lil UWMH Z^UF UWLIH 

(SE-rr 4.i<7PM-EST) 


ExriiniT No. Ill 

D«OMib«r 16 » 19 >S. 

■r. larbvrt Koor* 

•/• Tranaradle Press §«nrl9« 

34a Hadlson Avtuaus 

M«« IcTc City. 

C««r Mr. Moorsi- 

Fr«o ftur BsTlln effic* I r««elv«»iJ ti>-<l«7 tbe follcwiai MbX«i 

■ai«- Ai^tvort MOvm'o«B<: 20 REZ llj||kjMito«rbMr 
W0 wcttfccitsWr fcchwaeii 01 lOllRS ho«rbar 
•b«r ca»afn«hebar uJft •ofnaha&wr 04 HIS «CX / 

■It Ctcsruisgcs ewSu^hmtmr stcy Baatl8CO • 
AntfDr*; Plezint^R 20 iSi Vli tsx ccImmIi 08 / 

WSl t^Mi.g«zii'*l^f'**'i 9i> tm 1^^ mil eto«nmf«a 

»hich r«6ds lu ttii^Llsbc 

^'o&k Tor rees'^tlMl 
ttJS Tor rsceptloti 
i}iax xlsquat* • 
12 ni EST CCS fodlnsf o«1mz«€^ 

S«ntiaf<»-anrw6r Tu«fd«v 

2 M ESff W^'S too mttk 
7 mwn oxasilsoft 

12 n BST «CX ascept for di»turb«ti<^ 
•urflolsnUjr $ofif* \ 

Very truly yoorc 

Hars&rct Ling6lb«oh 
••crctAry to Dr. Zapp« 



Exhibit No. 112 

3lr. H^rb^rt Ioor« 

c/o Trir.ariulo ?r««a t«rvie«y Inc., 

B«w York City. 

I}«»r Mr. Moore !• 

4«|. Ml tmaMKlaf lost ^t% »44^vm^ f&f rtes^ticm ia BtFiiR, 
^; Ail tr«ia>id$iaa9 ftr« isMdtfuato for f*«c^iii^ Is 

!•) I«w arr«u:igeiB«iitt B.rm «xpQ9t«cl l«s#diiit«ly, 

V»ry %Tuly /sxira 

T9 tiiTtOr, l&ftpp . 

274778— 40— pt. 2- 17 


Exhibit No. 113 

D«e«ab«r 29, 19>it 

Mr« B*pb«rt Moor* 

o/o Traaarftdlo Pr«st 6«rvlo«, Ino.» 
342 lUdlBoa AT«niM 
!•« York City. 

0«wr Mr, Moor«t- 

I jtut r«08iT«d » eable froa Borlia t«st of which I have 

ftlroAdy r«port«d to you orer tho ttlopboao, •• follofm 

* lAposAlbl* doublt tranmlaslon okpoaioa tUMo 
otaargof for rooaptioo h«r« aro Tary hish 
RCA vould tM choap^r oadar th« olrcuastftncas atop 
8afs«8t r«t«inin4 aidDlght senrioo vlth old 
froquonty vadar old oonditlona stop Should 
txporlB«at« show that trantalttloat at othor tla«s 
aro poatlbla at old prioa lAora«M nuabar of words 
%o 1200 atop Contlm* oxporlJMiita vitli laeroaaod 
powT ud dottbI« frtquoaoy tt^p l«ir«t ra porta 
m and ICX racaptloMt aa yoatarday, on aocoont 
of blxtrrod worda lapoatibla to raad atop 
•aatlafo raporta Tuoadaj U8 2 f,U, VOX 7 P.K* 
ixMdo^aato Mldaisht adaquato daaplto «lr diaturb- 
aneoa atop Rio lev York aaat yoatarday 3 PM 
•pporantly ^CX laMdlbla whila aiaaltaAOoualy 
m troBMittod i#lD<liah 
vex boro OBly aftar 6 P.M. audible atop 
7 ?«Ji. and MUAight rocoptioea adoqutto* 

X «■ iaoludlDC tha GarMn oriclnal for Mr. Toon iko vllX 

bo at yo«r •ffiaa aftor 2 ?.S« 

Vary truly youra 

Satrotary to D»« Zapp. 



Exhibit No. 114 

January 4, 1939. 

k£r. Herbert Moore 

e/o Traniradio Prsas Service, Inq,., 

342 Ma41&OQ Avenue 

New York City. 


Dear Mr, Moore t- 

I have Ju»t received a cable from Berlin aayinf that 

* lUceptlOQ Berlin adequate throiifl&out« Hio 
adequata, Buenos Aires 2 P.M. VBE QeA3. 6}30 
P.M. 1J6 <,£A3 irreg'ilar, aidnight MSB QfiAS« 
All transaissiont racai^ad, Santiago 2 P.M. 
»JS «aak, VBE tscallant, 4,30 P.M. ICZ I^S 
adequata, i&ldnight «J8 axcallent IQZ ada<|uata 
profoaa st^^pla^ up to 25 to 39 «» adnaa 
whether poasibie »top Will discontinue aandlag 
rasulti aatcapt on spaclal occaaiona" 

Very truly yourt, 

Secratary to Dr. Zapp. 


Exhibit No. 115 

Dec. 1, 1939 

Dear ; Dr. Zapp, 

Thank you very much for your kind letter of Cct. 28 
from New York, which indeed I have found a ver' interesting 
reading. Your view on the present situation is pretty much 
the same with aiine. ^emany has embarked ^n a Tast enterprise." 
"Yith Russia back of her, the future course of events has to be 
different from 1918, That seems sure. But fcr that you have 
paid a pretty heavy sacrifice. I;, the military circles it Is 
being talked about that the Soviet has so far done nothing posi- 
tively helpful for Germany except forestalling her in getting 
hold of the Polish oil-fields, 

Germany's approjch to the Soviet took Japan by sxir- . 
prise, but our people were quick in understanding the imperative 
necessity that drove the Genaan government to follow such a 
course, and no/.adays there is no feeling of resentment, of 
having been betrayed by a friend. It's really marvellous how 
quickly : he popular feel.ngs chan-e. These days there are not 
a few who advocate, if rather quietly, an about-f6ce--180 degrees- 
and shake hands with ^usnia. If «>!nerioa's anti-Ja-anese attitude 
should become more violent, the pro---^>ussian elements would come 
to win an ascendancy and steer the Smpire's diplomacy in the 
direction of something like friendship with our quondam foe. 

/(hat is the meanin-^ of ominous quietness on the Tfest 
Front? Some Gercians here say that there is a secret entente 
between the Germajis and the French that there should be no honest 
fighting in that sector." If this is true, woe to iinglandt 
There has been something wrong generally about England during the 
last twenty years. Her blunder, if we nay call it such, dates 
fron the abolition rf the Anglo-Gemin Alliance. Viewed in the 
\r' light of today, iingland's desertitn has proven a disguised ble- 
' sslng f'r Japar.. ••\at if T»e were fighting Germany no*? Tie hute 
I the very iaea. 

y^ Our picnic in China has already lasted for over two 
years, and there is as yet n> end in sight. We are prepared to 
go it through if even'^wenty more years, "^e have over a million 
troops in China. One^jaillion men trained and organized under 
able leadership would-^a factor that must be taken into account 
by any party. Suppose /Sjnerioans cut off the sup ly of the raw 
materials for our munitions industries and so exasperate Japan. 
There will still be a long time before Japan gets into a state 
of exasperation, but once we get into tt;ls state, what earthly 
reason is there to prevent these one million to fellow the 
example of Chiang's scattered troops and beoooe guerllias? 


Exhibit No. 115 (continued) 

This is, h-wever, a laere hypothesis, lie count on 
winding up our business in China in at least five years, 
.■ud^ing frcm our experience in I anchuria . In the event of a 
Soviet-Japanese war, cur calculation will be upset, but this 
does net seen likely. A Soviet-Japanese tuar serves no reaso- 
nably useful purpose. Toe Soviet as well as the Japanese 
statesmen Know that much and v,ill not let cc^asional bicker- 
ings i^ develop into a najor war. Chang Ku Feng and l.o I'.on 
an '.ire ,L^ood examples. 

Japan's present conditions will be Tsort^. je ssage 

acrc.;o i..e ocean fcr you. This :s the first experience of 
a controlled eccnomy fcr the Ja ane se people, .ie have just 
started to feel its effect in our daily but the .iacb 

is yet far from being severe. Oxir life . . nues still com- 
fortable enough, cnly we have to laake a conscious effort 
at economy. 7/e huve teen ordered to cnt the use of gas by 
tvventy per cent for the benefit of munitions industries. 

u3 is TxCt rigorous at all, but I am afraid that the condl- 
'.L-^ns aiLl becoiae more strained in due coiorse. Cn the other 
Land war industries are booming as never in the past twenty 
years, 'ortuntitely v;e shure in the prosperity without for 
a scment 'forretting the bitter ezperieuce in the wake of -che 
last --ar. 

,ite recently Oeneral Terauchi and Adairal Osuai 
have ccij^e aooe froa their European trips. *he forner went tc 
^rer-bny ;nd "'as ^ren ed by !,r. Hitler to :;iike un extensive 
inspec" . . fields of Pvland. Cn return hi-ue he 

saie a .u... ..-■*... v, ...^_..„ cn the high efficiency and the the- 
re ughness of preparation on Geriijany' s^part before starting 
■;ii • til ities. It v."as a hard luck fcr Pcland. The Ptslish .anba- 
s&ad.. r ir still functioning in Tokyo, 5ut one feels a note of 
pathos ': the at.-,.osphere iii und about the Polish embassy. 

It is the sincere wishes of our people that the 
European war will quickly ce .nd in so wishlnf^ 0';r motives 

•jre not entirely unselfish. .: at this rate the w.,rld will 

becoae era?./ and finally bankrupt and J&pan cac by no ::iean8 
refuse to accept her share of suf f fcrini':s. In this day and age 
there cannot be such a thing as an honorable isolation fcr any 
country . 

I wish you a good luck, gc.od health and un e ^er 
ing propsetity, and vaguely hoping that we shall y^ t meet s.^.^c 
tine and ciaewhe re before we pet toe old to travel and enjoy 


I remain, 

'''ours very sincerely 

Exhibit No. 116 




T0« XS 939P 


Exhibit No. 117 

Janunrj 17, IMO 

Mr. Jujuo 7unuca««, 
30 »»eJc8«iy»-Cho, 

My u»«r furukiLasc t- 

Mso7 tdaoJts for jour kind Iett«r of Oec«aber, I, «nich 
I r«8d vlth extr«ae iat«r«st. You cao iaegio* thet in these da/a 
b«ia£ is such aj3 «zpos«d posltioo as I aa I canoot find the tlaa for 
• Tlslt to Japas. I bava to stay io tha Qoltad Stataa wd sover tbs 
■•«« of tha Qeitad States for QaraoBy and for our dlaots abroad* 
B«ald*« that I hsT* to sell ovr oavc io this couotrj to ovtr cliaots 
ik»r*. The iteericaas, ai you can imagine, hare a vary straog prejudice 
afsliist aeyoee Oeraeo moA • la»i is particular aad I hare quite e Use 
to oTsrcoae this prejeiic* bo that they aay accept «e persoaaily, erma 
if th^r do oot accept |m as f> Geraas oewspapar aaa. 

7hm okber day 1 hsTc r very straafe experience* 1 aa 
rery often dom la Washlo^oii ced I ioteoded to join the latiooal Presr 
Cl«b. Cuoelsc Boat of the ««Bb«rs I t^KXight oot to have aoy difficulty 
Is Joiaiac Uiis club bat the diffictjlty arose with the objection of the 
ehief oorrespoDdsBt of Ooael^ Mr. lU^to* I have beea alvays very 
frlacdly vit^ the Japaoeee aed I like the Japamese, so Z do oot khow 
i^t I have done to Mr. Kato to «bjeet, io my joiaini; the Matiooal rreca 
Cleb. I received this iaforaetioa pxdvately throufh a frierd of aioe 
a»d I like to heve it handled ecofl^tetiall^r -tat on the other hand if 
yott kBW iscidentally soaeoae st the i>aikel offlee, I thiak, if would not 
be e bad ida« to let Mr. Kato kaow who J aa aed thitt I aa not e political 
sifsat or a propecendlst or a spy or ahataioerrer bat that I aa e oevspapar 
■aa iriko takes his profeaaioo seriously. | do oot went to take this 
affair up directly with Mr. Kato on account of ay friaed throufh ehoa 
I racaivad the iaforaatice mm! who does oot wMit to expose Mr. lato 
but that this difficulty case frea the side of a Japanese struck ae so 
that I felt very sadly ebout it. If he knows ic a friendly aaaner UmX 
I bare slaays had the highest estaaa for the Japaaase I thiak that Mr. 
lato alll chaage his aisd about ae* Maybe Kuaeseki kaova hia parsoeally* 

loa *a have entered 1940, abioh will be a ^rmry interesties 
year aitb tha eleotioas for the new presidsBey in Mavaaber* Tha 
oai^^aifB started bat a aea tba tao big partlea avea if there ere na 


Exhibit No. 117 (continued — 1) 




Doadnatiooa as yet. It !• sot •▼•□ dlacloavd If Praaldent Roosevelt 
•lli run for • third t«r«. It la atlli a big riddle to all of ua. I 
as sure &ooseTelt doea oot u>o« It jet blaaelf. 

Id ix)teroetlooB.k affaire the Bltu>>tion aeeaa to 3ie very 
clear. The Oolted State* of America vere very iotflr«ste<! to get thla 
aer aUirted, eTen if Uie> do not aay so. With the «nr atarted here 
e tiae of prosperity vblcb la beaed on oothloc else but the thought 
of the people that thla ear will brinij Ic a lot of Oritlsh and freoch 
ordere, eblch it did. Th#it on the other oaod Greet Griteio end Prance 
cancelled ell orders of luxury gooda aaoog toeaes even oraogea etc. has 
oot Deeo teJceo into eccoxint. Icrerthelasa, confidence is there egein 
and with confidence credit eno enterpriaing spirit. The Onited States 
is the one natioo profiting by this ear right noe. They rre not so 
«ei7 sure if the Allies will wia. Ohly the other dey Adairal Stark, 
Chief of the Mevy, told the House Coaaittee thct the Ooited Stetes 
, aust fece the poeaibility of defeat of the idlies. I ea very sore that 
when aa Aaericaa Xery high official enc expert seys so it is rather 

IhsB Lard Lott4aB» the British Eabassador is Weshingtoo 
' in Chicago lest w«e«. seid that Oreet Driteln *as prepared to share 
aer rule of the waYss with har ADglo-rexoo brother netion, the Ooitad 
States, so is this the first tiae thet e JElritish stetasaan o(>ealy 
aeda such a coacassioo. That aaaaa aoaething for tha Ooitad States* 
If you coabine thie with the new lery progrea put before the Coograsa 
et the begiooing of January you oan n%% very clearly the Aawricen policy. 
As far es I can see ie e greet pert Of the aavy prograa devoted to the 
defease against Japan. A very daf«]sive iBove is else the request of tha 
levy Dapert«M8t to establish an air besls at Quea which is closer to 
the Far Eastern Coatineet than to the Aaaricao Continent. I do oot 
*— clear yet whet the Aa«rioec govemaant le heeding for, but th* 
cancallatioB cf the United Stetea Aaericce trede treaty which goes out 
of sxisteaca on Jeauery, 2b is quit* slgaificiani for the Onited Stetas 

Very interestiag in your letter we!> the santeoce in ehioh 
you referred to the picnic in Chine end your quastiooi Whet eerthly 
reason is there to -prarent tha one alllioc soldi ere to follow tha 
exaaple of Chieagis scetterad troops sod becoaa guerillas^ * I told 
this ay A»ericeo frieod« end they were reelly worried ebout it beceuaa 
it was Just Aet they iateodad to prevwet. I thiak , if you show tha m 



Exhibit No. 117 (continued— 2) 

M«rl«u»t ddflsitdj • stroos uad daftnalve cold shoulddr duriBg 
your B«goU«Uoos ttet tbls vill lapr«sa th«a. M iMti, Uui Aserlew 
fixiu cut thMMli^ea la %kmi» om flMti if tbay iapoM • loaf Mbuf o 
M Aa»rlceo goods for Smgaa^ TIm asit«d SutAS tov* imitmi • (hmU 
iaUrest oa Um fur Saat Iwt s« fur m I cod •«« tbvjr vaat to Uks 
•var tiM 9MlU«a of Ute BriUsli is i^ Far Ba«t or if sot tbat tbagr 
aaot to daftad tte poaltloa of the BriUah is tba Fur Satt «ad «a«UA 
Oraat Britaia to pnt all ^ar foreaa toaard tha Bar^eaa aer. fMa 
iatarloddag of politlea ottoaot <.«ap aaybody tmt of aar wrm if thi» 
aar Ic sot as bloodthiratf aa tb« other aara. nMt ia XhM wey tte 
teitad Stataa ia fi«htias eoa i^alatt tte totaiitarias atatac aot 
aitli arm b«t aitJi all otteraaaaa* 

ftpm hmat I nteaiva ooly tiM baat of aava. ^jr aotter 
mA brdthara ara all wall, ^f aldaat brothar ii alth Mm trnt, tlM 
ottera ara all «»Maf is tMUr offieaa t» aaradly. Tb« ^ortaga 
«f eaffaa, taaoliaa a^ aaa? ara tto oal/ tkiaea of ahieh ttegr aaffar. 

X aiali 9MCSI>ax7 tepgjr aad aa ccaaaftti Eavjreer «ith tte 
aailaak far a aorl^^teaa f^ which I Taeaaly hope. X as afraid tte 
all! laat far <^ta a/fiw jraara. 

farjr aSte^ly fmtrat 




Exhibit No. 118 


Zeatralitelle der Schrirtleitunffen 

I Mil 

 > "  ^' 566 


B I r I i II S ^N' •»« 

/tmmrroli'iiOr 3J-II 

dan 29 •Aug. 1936 


Or. Manfred Z a pp , 
B a r 1 1 n >'15. 
Faaananatraaaa ?2. 

Sahr geahrtar Harr Doktor I. 

Wla Tarsproohan, nOohta loh Ihnan naohstahand dla Adrasaa 
und die Talaf oonutar^ar unsaraa Raw Yorkar iCorraspondantan, 
Harm Auguat «. Halfald, alttollan: 

th .,, 

'" ''"'t;!?^:^;;^! afriahfTt^tSI- 

Sla kOnnan aloh JadarEalt Tertrauenavoll an Harm Half old, 
dar Ja auoh glelohsaltlg Vartrauansmann das Belohsvarbandaa 
dar dautaohen Prasaa In II<«w York 1st, wonden. 

loh wunacha Ihoen fur inra naue Aufgaba alias iluta und bin 
mlt dan bastan SrUaaan und 

Hall Hltlar 
Ihr aahr argebanar 

^<7(- ]Cyr^ 


Ui Ui^€X^ 




Exhibit No. 119 


AS M€RK^ 4891 


17. liovember 1958 • 
r^b.-Nr. 1669/38. . 




Dr. „.anfred 2app 
Gladstone -Jotel 
114 i-ast 52nd Street 
Hew York City. 

Lieber Freund Zapp , 

so habe ich nun endllch von Ihnen gchbrt und bin 
in melner ?antasie nun i;anz bei Ihnen, Um gleich .in medlas res 
zu gehen, schlage ich Ihnen einen Besuoh vor bei ^r. Lawrence 
Dennis , den Ihnen vielleicht schon beiannt gawordenen 
Verfasaer von "The Coming Fascisa in .'\aierica" - auch sonst 
Verfasser von recht bedeutonden Artikeln zu CJesenwartsfri:;gen 
in S-itschriften wie "Header's Ligest'.'i^ercury" etc. 

;.ir. Dennis ist .Virtschaf tsberater in der Grosafirma 
--/;,__ E.A. Pierce i Co. iall Street 40, vielieicht dam grbssten 

Brokerage Unternehmen der USA. Sie braucnen sich nur telefo- 
nisch mit I'nn in Verbindung zu setzen und von rair einen GruB 
_zu sagen. «jr. L. ist eine "Kanone" und durch ihn wiirden Sie 
zweifellos auf die allerneusten lagesereignisse hin alle fUr 
Sie erwunschten xind zurzeit aioglichen '/erbindtmgen bekoruaen. 

Eonst konnte ich Ihnen noch nennen : Lir. Hans V. 
KAi,TL.;BORN , d uarcen Place, Brooklyn, N.Y., auch telefonisch 
erreichbar. .:. ist ein Uachkonne des ehenaligen Kriogsministers ^^ 
von Kaltenborn-Stashau, hat an der Harvard Universitat studiert, 
wo er mein Vorgjinger war als :-r '.sident des dortigen "beutschen 
Vercins". Sein .■.arae ist in aller ^.unde, da er vielieicht den 
grbssten iinfluss hat als Kadio-Berichterstatter uber europai- 4| 
sche .olitik. Loider ist er schon seit Jahren auf Deutschland 
wenlg gut zu sprechen, weshalb ich Ihaen empfehle, zunachst ein- 
mal mit ..r. Eennis darUbor zu sprechen, ob und wie nan etwa aerm 
K. fur Ihre Zvvecke ankurbeln kBnnte. Immerhin sollto anzunehmen 
sein, dass kr. ; . fur Infor=:ationen, wie er sie durch Sie bekommen 
kann, o.-pfanglich sein sollte. 

Auch wegen eines /mschlusses bei der New York Sun 
empfehle ich Ihnen, sich von ..r. Eennis beraten zu lessen. 

Ob Sie wohl Er. Schnitzler drUben setoff en haben ? ir' 


Exhibit No. 119 (continued) 

dUi'fte wohl in seinem ehecallgen deutschon Freundeskrels im 

; German Club au3- und ein^ehen. Ihm einen freundliohen Orufl ! 

FUr heute mlt den beaten Griissen und alien tjuton 



Dr. K. u. Bertllng. 

EXHIHIT No. 120 
1'^. F«bru«r 1939. 

H«rrn Dr.Froehllch, 
Propaganda - Minlsterlum, 
Abtelliing Auslaendlsche Presse, 

Sehr geehrter Harr Froehlich I 

Bai mainaa latztan Basuch in Brlin hatte ich 
die Frauda, mit Ihnan und Harm Dr. B. im " Aualandsklub " 
EU Mittag ru essen. Wir sprachan, wia Bia slch entslnnan warden, 
ueber die * Foreign Press Association in New York ".Metnes Wis- 
sens sollte die Frage noch alnmal nau aufgarollt warden und 
Harr von Giananth sollte gebeten werdan, darueber ru berichten. 
Ich traf Eufaallig vor a inl gen Tag en mit Harm von Giananth «u- 
•amaan, der hiervon nooh nichts wussta. 

Ich moachta duxch dieses Schreiben nur daran er- 
innarn, daaa die Angelegenheit nicht gant in ¥• Vargessanheit ge- 
raat, obwohl sia im Augenblick kelne allzu grosse Eile hat. 

Sie waran so liebenswuerdig, mir seinerzeit 
Ihre Privatadrease eu geben. Leider habe ich Ihra Karte verlegt, 
aodass ich Ihra Adresse nlcht mehr besitze. Ich waare Ihnen aui- 
aarordantlich dankbar, wann Sie mir bel Gelegenhelt kurz schrei- 
ben koennten. 

Hell Hitler I 

% Ihr 

Manfred Zapp. 


Exhibit No. 121 

E«rxn Dtrcid.oi* Adolf l^auBt 

Colliniatraijoc 'j^ ^c}^ 


Li«bex Mtv ?iiuatl 

laa 4ft.i*ke lu'ien yieliaals X^ier iar^^co. f3vv,M,aii- 
aLk#n Brief voja £1. Oktobtr, der i«iidf erot 

£«2xid ill i> VA-motT su l-ir. Uooziey i£«-aiSii, vmox 

la PlilljKielyJ"-ia worc^c ica eceairtLJ-lu !»-. L:\ixf'e doi 
afteofcxstea ^^ii^ixr, ^.erm ¥oita » c»»'i Pri*3iit- 
sekr«taer voa .^r, i^uud^Sr, "tesAoneji. leix 
««ls8 li&tuerliou ai<^t, ol? die Lerrfu rair 
helf^eiXi. tac»€' -uuen., abc:r ofi.oii a.llejLL. die iies,^!!- 

lat fU- r Eiidi ja st^ vie?, wort, 

ale aacia< i- si'j.^ hier im ajv. eiibli'ijc ^jta' ^el2\er 

die liier iii^rrsoiit, Tfc;L<jliQa ;r€!rdai ^XO .se 
Itortlf^Jx^Mstisch* LTuzuet'e vti aiis tiil\"«t . Ler 
Haas i-.c.ft^n i>eu.t3QaIajui T<iiti xa tiner icisf- mt 



EXHIBIT' No. 121 (continued) 

[ In d.€3er Ataoapiiuei^e nuac ic.i jO'-.rt ein 
' bi3 awoi Jai.rc l0'-dn» Ion iia'^e abcr die 

yi!; li^riO.;La.iCii Grue^cfin iml den beoxi^n 
Wiiuii3a €ii i'vier iixre Ges«L'.d^xeIt ole ."I^e id- 

lAiiiilYed «^pp« 


Exhibit No. 122 

S«pt«»t>«r, 13, 1939. 

Col. Euwla Ksersorv, 
5 ikigvfood Terrkcdf 
Altxaadrla, Va. 

B«lle liavtn. 

Dear Sir :- 

Accordlr>£ to your r*Qadet I att Mfodlac you for a 
soiit)' oi. irial our Traaaocoan B«va &«rvlc*. 

Ir. theaa tises of crista Aadl Mir, tha Transoo«aa 
Hews Sftrrlco Is in t^e position to mmk9 Its asnt reports 
svailaiila to IndlTlduals, lnt«r»6t«d la Caatral BuropMUx 

The Trnnaoesan Rewa S«rvlcMi. «dioa« iMa^Jt^tiarters 
ar« in Barlln, Gerasn- , la p. priv«t«ly owsisd oorpmratloii« 

iictt i.o be canfutad with tha DUP ( i)*ut»eii«a tt«ehrl«bt«a-' 
luaro ). l'r&x.soc6aii 8p*ci&Ilr.«a in C«ntr»X European aaft 
lle»r ^&stam nsr.a and has an axeallant oomaraga of tlia 
Baltics J uie B&lknr.s, the Orient and r)er£ia»jr. Traaaoaaaa ^ 

carrii'S ell of th- afflclal goyiiru—iit ttatiwinMiti «f Cantral 
Auropa and <k>«8 ncc panalt its oorraapootlants to eolor 
fe:;t' with ln<^mdual opinion aadl comMmt. 

The Trar.aoc^ttsn !la«s Sarrloa reports, «iil«h vllX ba 

la«u^. dall/, wo-uld cost 

' t.mtmtttff »*«.«♦« S 3»0 a l>—fc, 

If you ara Intarastad la tha Traasoeeaa M«s Sarvlea 
for your am parsonal Infomatlon, plaasa saod mm m aot. 

fary truly yoors^ 



••-^ -'KSf-r'-'XV 


Exhibit No. 123 

den ^R. Scit. 1939 

T2-azi«ocf i-L 

341 Miidii><>/2i Ave . 

Nt'^. Yui-A City 

Beteueiilitri t,. die I^lrel^^ hietJife:fer. Vertretti 

Zeitur!(;t.'ri dit;selbf ^ef i. iu t;r tiich toL bohv»ie« 
fcjcjij. Ko v4?2T.teht bioh, aaJ- ich flir s-oichfc 

haberi Sie mein turi^iciiwitfei^ Mitgef'ihl in 
del: SchKierifc^kei ten Threr. exporiiei'ten Pos;* 
tens. Tmmci'nii. ieiulc-ii Sit ^o e^te Arteit 
fi'r Ti*tt.nboc*?an una f'\v Ihi- Vetex'lfind, dti." 
Sie die i-turendun Ur:nne^^'^ ■>■''>< -^\ U-t. 
^e-trooL vePLiciiiiei':' t^i a'vli^i 

Vor. Ihi'efi ii".ir.*ri* w ii> oiti'.erieii Bt-fic^ten 
s^iiid hiei* bishei' nur zwei aasfcerftlJeR, 
Keine ietzte deutsche Potit erj't»ichte mich 
so artJ ze2»2aubt, ue.^ der Bri«f triii:;ei* bieh 
beikOten flhlte, uub Aifexa.r;dri«i. Put7ttiirit 2U " 

Hit eine;-. Sifctj-Hcil i ^r Ihr-en Fuhrer, 







Exhibit No. 124 


Geobse Sylvester Viereck 

305 Birerside Drive 
New York 

CAHLC Aooncv* 
VicRECK - New Yodk 

APR 12 1939 

April nth, 1939. 

Ur. Manfz>ed Zapp, 
Tranisooeanlo Sezvioe, 
341 Uedisoa AT«nus, 
New York City. 

Sear Mr. Zspp-. 

I have bean reading your Tranaooeaaio 
3«r7io«) with grsat intsraot. It oeems to me that it la 
of great value to & newspaper that has no Amerio&a ser- 
Tioe, but it is not of great value , except as a msans of 
oheokiixg aj),to day oewapaper regularly aarviced by any 
of the graac Aaerioaa aganoiaa. 

I have raad your aarvlea very aarafully, but have 
fouiid very little that was not printed in the Smerioan 
nawspapere , liits say be due to the fact that the Aiae- 
rioan news cganateo reoeiva a great deal of th^ir sicte- 
rial frcmi tha aasia souroes as you do In Odrraany. Zt may 
be» of coure^, that Z am laistalcen. 

It fiaams to me that before yoxi oan sell yovr aer- 
vioe to aajone here, you would have to efe«ex up very care- 
fully tor a period of a fewweeks, and point out to any 
posalbls Asierioan purohaaar n«wa itaias ooverod by you, whieli 
wer<a net ooverad by the other servieea. i.9 a mattflcr of faet, 
the mlua of your sex^vioe might be inoroaaad, if you giva it 
even more diatinotl? a pr»-aermaa slest. ; If you give the 
newspapara those thinga which their onn oorraspondenta do not 
vend th«!2 froB Oermaz^ and Italy. 

?haao ara purely my peraonal iapreaslona, whieh I 
hope you «ill not take amiaa. I may be entirely wrong. 


Sliices>9ly youre. 

274778 — 40— pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 125 

9. Maerz 1940. 

D»pe>oheQbur«au Burojwpress 
Au8land-Pit«8S«<iloiist G.m.b.H., 
, Schli«sifach 398 und 399 
Franitfurt a. M. 1 
s. Hd. d. H«rrn Nuesgen. 

S«hr gaahrter Herr llu»sg«n i- . 

0«it«m crhlelt ioh duroh d«n Pr«S8«b«lrat d«r 
Deutsohan Botschaft In Waahington Ihr an dlaaan gai^lchtataa 
Schralbfloi Tom 15. Januar 1940 » in daa Si* tia Angabe alnea ga- 
•Ignaten volkadeutaohan Bchrtf tlaltara bitten, c!«r Ihnan rogel- 
maaaaig Aufaaatsa und Entr«fllata aus dan Varelnlgtan Staaten 
liafarn koannta. 

Ba at laldar aahr wanig dautsoha Sohrlf tlaitar 
In Aaarlka glbt,dle nloht »u 150 f, becchaeftigt Bind, lit aa 
•chwar alnon Schrirtloitar zu fliKlan, dar fuar diaaa Arbaltan 
In FTRga KOMit.Ioh haba mleh Jodoch aahr darum b«iaiaht.Fuar 
dla Dauar dar l^ankhalt daa Harrn Torji haba leh Harm Dr. Joaaph 
Hunok, dar abanXalia in unaaraa Buaro hiar arbaltat, gabatan, 
Ihnan monatllch zwai AuTiaatza und alnan BriaT Bit Bntrafllats 
tuzuaandan. Uarr Dr. Hunck vlrd dlaaas fuar dla Dauar dar Krank- 
halt das Harm Tonn garn uebernehraan. Ich haba abaafalla alt 
Harrn Tonn hlaniebar gasprochan, dar hauta law York rarlaaaat, 
UB slch In Florida waltar zu arholan. Ba 1st fuar dla naaohatan 
zwal Monata jadooh mit ainar Ruaekkahr Ton Harm Tonn nicht su 

Ich nahme an, dass Sle die Bes&i\lung in aahnllchar 
Walse via biahar handhaban wardan und axxatalla Ton Harrn Tonn 

Prau Hartha Hunck 
Vllhala Raabaatr. 12 

RM 150.00 uabarvaiaaa. loh hoffa, das* Ihnan hlarait gadiant 

Hit baatan Oruaaaan und 

Ball BiUar I 

Manfred Zapp 



ExHiniT No. 126 


o.en S3. Septeaiber 1^39 

341 Madison AveKUB 

Ttlepkane: Mormy BiU' ^-VSI 
Tettphone : ifsrray Bta «-saiT 

1092 National Piiess Buiu>iko, 

L"ln .1. 'AeTT Tonn: 

stpetijje uanken: 

-A be- 

Spraci- Dfiate .lorgen «it UcDorai''*** "ienc Presse-c.iel dea 
Stastsoep! rtL"«nt8, c^er .dtca aarueber auikls-erte wie ich zu den ver- 
Bcr.leaf -.Ti Presse-Eonferenien -ir.r 2'a,^ll£8«BBn werde. Srat ist es 
no. .: beis! 5er.&t Kon,;i^B8 b€(^-l;'iibigt "bin, she 

dfis - r' vor. mlr- - is r.eiiiren k-nn. H^-ba dann such 

Boiort die noei.ij;en iir.,;).uen ac DonaidBon voro Con,;r893 und Wiliiam 
Colli'is vorr. Sen'it geasp-cht, die ater eret Ulttwoch Aerv. Pj^see-;,us- 
.tet werjen. Herni Kjapm-n's 3eg., . 

Ica .-latte doch verauclit, ax>T^\9T\ In ae.- Veiaoen Hrue 
Kon:eren2 zu.,-^ -en zu sain, ur.u w-arde aoch oime ureiteres von den ver 

Ich silcli ve ; ir .-ren ob es "CK." 

, . Antwort erhi':: . ''Or: 

Ich uann in; iens't -ciri<> .-ilnybf rr/x:. 
lai^nis noch, c " 

'i.'eiteres den Ko 

rspaeiit una ?.1b 

.lerr jij.;ert jreis ..;f.e 

Teietyp*. Icn kr.;? d n-i r»i'-. und sah liiTe Auliordet-cr.g Eo:';T»»ntare 
zi c:«>ben -a:; . i- . dta i)lne,d88f«ic;i noch ii Kopf^ 

;-atte Boio; - .._ ofoin oae Snd-i.eici.en. Herr 

lireis verlai<.:le in:; T/ "pri^c.ica" hier in Wf-Eain^Lon \md "uflbte* 
welter. Aui' Iiire An^raijen and Sac:i.-n reaglerte or Is v<»i aer Post 
iiier ko.-n:end, jnU erst al« ich Irjr ?. otast vosi •Pj.aytaintj" Bixia, icucnta 
Ich inn dftriiu:' ;. ^I'erirsax, da»8 ctwsB nlcai Stirsce, Onzwelfelhaft 
wr.r «a bloeu von ' Jr-jrr.;.oerr.em. 

Ic; 1'; . n^saoi dir.ein hlsr, weiss abej- 

nocii alc.vt reci". , ;iile, daas ice nlcnt mit Iranaradio 

In Sonfllct k^jite, a, a., Sctc.en bearbeit« die irdr aeu 3c'.;einpTi sber 
aocn scnoTi durve^ooen K\u:umi. iiir werden »chon aobereinkoajaen, 
lenwood von der United Prees 1 eset Sie groeasen ujcd glawbe ic;i nabea 
Sie inn ftuf die deutsci.e deite "^drsiengt'', lSdel8t#in, oar Xlelno d«r 
iiim gegonueberBitit, wlnl ailch in dAB Katlonel Press Club alneinrut8Ci-.en 
lassen, der.r. er ist Vorsitzcnder aeti Aufnaiiae-Ausschussea. ^ruess«. 




ExHiniT No. 127 


derv 15. Septe.-oer 1939 

341 MAtU!^)\ AVENIE 


TrtTfHone Itvrrag HiU «-«l«7 
Ttlfpkone Murray aiil ^(017 

109i National P«bss Biildino, 

ralopkooe KCpoMir SIM 

.•=rr Tonr.: 

D,-.3 vfcr auniB ^^* ich nlciit aiujf.b, Ich elnl^e Strelcoun^en 
In Hull &?de vor^-enoji.-:«n natte. iile iiAOfn auch recnt, daci eln 
Ko« YorV:er iiier niciit vlel los j&t una heba icu Herm .«rels i^^ute ent- 
lAsa«n und hAbe b«reitB einl^ Uerren oer iiiesl^n Pre&se in Aas ^ fi figtn ^ 
'■■ rce ent«<»&«r aopgan oaor uebenrorp-ea Jcimad hcben der die iuiftmren- 
.;aen e .^ier ber-eer ver»t€ut jAd «ach d«n Teletyp be.' aer bedlenen kann. 

Sie ouaesen &llez\i.iag* bedanjoftn, daat rscn hler Jetzt «eiir 
Bc.-r:' a.'passt uad aussar^ex Taers arsta una trit ^uesstem Mlsstrauen' 
!;e .ec?vat, ?K.8 «6 Tip ju>oe._llcta ^uutciit mich frel «u bewe^n. 
leb hnbe xich soS'ort us^-auoi und meine ^ir^;8be!n (.-eeaciit unc aonst Al- 
lee vor'uerci>et ub. eine e;lilie Soutina •iciierzustellen, eber arat i.att- 
woch it'.ri ;er Proure-Ausaciiuaa aei Ser.nte zj«&nt.;entret«n una 'aeb*r 
: -e aller Papiere :u beetls^jeu, die ^.ulnaeusf zuic Xon- 
C;j.r dle»« ^alrasjn.j 1st ajsii Jetit rutoruitlac-h YOt Staata- 
..^ser- II. u 8 ^3* ,;b es.:..nlt :cn. 

is be ^- .- J '-"cl, - - - --• heiite 

... .- • Ttc Ciie p^(. >-i- von 

;^ 9 

koennen oic «e.'t?m '.;.•;- f. •is:-i ..en Blitj^ 

n laason. 




1%. s Mrwrrtr 

Exhibit No. 128 


M CyCOMO e*W..T«M 

t e w«t.\.sv«« 

d«n 27. Sspleafljer I935 

Ifcln 1. Kerr Scans 

E- i.«' 09<i lU-a Jhnsn dienlicJi sela koeontm. 

i^ -lira ii';j'.iJ-:;ei 

scarecit ac^ir vor & 

die -ir - 

lehtten ee acji ni *o?-' 

Slni^e tei^n ,-^l«lcli adt dftr S?r- 

• ute, 

.:-o f- rea, 
• una su crbes. ;oa. 

geisf-cat tu tve >xsu trsaelier eriuite' Ich dann sucli durch di OP, d/.se 
Sorcy Fisher .3nr:,>tr. der Prsssdafeteilujig Im Staatadepartiasnt 

«loh eln besonderos; Verf.jauegen dars\ifi macrjBB, die Leute eufiuklaerea 
In »as finer etn "t;efaeiirlla'ies* U?tt«rneha»a sle garateani a«lB -and 
dfess es Ihnea t>£Xd scbXecht geaen wuei-de... 

Herr Ton Strempel let der Analcht, ncch den Xrfaiuru^ien 
die H«rr Sell ecJaon t^siacat baben soil, wlr staenden una besser 
elae Sekreta«rln fuers Bureau zu bsben und die nuch den S«lat/p« 
1>edleni;, wr«hrend Ich mica euawayts \>eTTe.':;«. Ion hab<! Jetst wleder 



Exhibit No. 128 (contiuued) 



•ln«& junj«n )ir>nn fu«r Anfsn^ nacchstsr Woche in Auaalcht, der ab«r 
ho«chitwtihr«cnelnllch doch noch vornar atosprltat. Uebri<;en« be»teht 
Jetat tin* Haubm fuar JoomAllsten mlt elnlger Crfahz'un^; und Allet 
TM»taptt die Vaae wenn Ich Ton l3o apreoh*. Scbon daah&l)) batta Ich 
rorgaaog<>n odr Jemand Bnculemra, dasaen Ich nachhar auch aichar aeln 
)co«nnt«. toxt jaden Yall^ aind vlr dA In elna Pataohe hln«ln^rat«&, 
die alnam stolprlgm Inuepr>eldaosii auch nloht Toraualehac lat und aM»»* 
•m Sla mlr achon ratan via irlr sa bawerkytalltt^eoai, den Karren rlohtig 
la f abrt lu brln^en* 

Hersllchen aruaaaa von 




Exhibit No. 129 

Fred Kreutzenstein 

loS Water Sum. New %cl. N. Y. C.«<r. BRAMPROD Mob.-. HAnow >657o-i 

daa 9. Okt(rf>ar 1939 

H«rm Ousntbar Tons 
541 UadlsoD «tT«na» 
Hew Tork City 

S«hr g0«hrter Harr Toon: 

In Beaotwortung Ihras Sbhrelbans voa 6. d. M., aoaehta 
ich Sle dooh sehr bitten aleb wenlgstecs einlgeroaeaen an Ihre '.baechun^en 
xn balten. Sle babsn Rich oelnerzolt au3drueclclteh beauftr»«t, elne ane- 
rlkaclacbe Hllfsicraft lalt olnen Wocbsngshalt blr. zu S35 aofort anzuatallen. 
Harr Srels entsprach ungafaehr dlesen Anspruaohen. Er let Amerlkaner, 
kann aoger aln wenlg deutacb und Ist eln anstelllger Jungsr Hann, der slch 
schnell elnarbeltat. Sle hattan doob nlcbt erwortet elnen erfahrenen 
Joumallstan fuer daa Oabalt zu bekomnsn? 

Dann radan Sle elnfaeh In Bausch und Popen debar leh hnette 
in elner Soche $18 fuer Portar *nd Taxi In Haabln«ton ausgegaben. 3«1 ell 
Ihrar 3raendllohkalt baatten Sle dooh aaben naiessan, dass Icb llO fuer nost- 
ajra, porter und Taxlcab In Waahlngton in Reohnung gestellt baba. Die $8, die 
Sla auch nocb auf Washington setzten, belaufen slob fuer die Hln- und aueck- 
relsespoaen nicht nur fuer raloh sondera auoh Harm Grela, und moecbte lob b«l 
allar iCntekrlgkclt sebfn wla Sle nit froes^erem Oepaeck unter zw«l Dollar die 
Ralae Taxi und Trlnkgeldem auakooraan? Eer Hotelboy will was habec, daa Taxi 
ZUB Bahnficf mi^a wa- hab^a, d'^r Hellroad Porter brlnft die Sachen auc!i nlcht 
uaeonst zun Bahnatelg, und umgakehrt get's welter bel der Ankunft In Wasblngton, 
wo ich noch ausaerdem das rjepaeck llegen lessen musste um arst eln Hotel zu 
flnden daa gut %ur Arbeitsstelle paasts. 

In Teabington kaufte leb dann fuer dxal Dollar AiraJAIt It 

STECIAL DELITERY STAICFS, ucd batte Ich wenl?er als eln Dollar In Br*efraarken 
uabetg als Ich daa Bureau wleder "ndgueUlg~Terlle8a. Zwel Dollar In Brlef- 
Bsarken babe lob wirkllch verbraucbt, und die aoll Ich wohl bezehlan. 

Blelben noch acht Dollar fuer Tailoeba IK WASHDCTCi;, atatt 
der achtzebn, die Sle aua melner Speaenrechnung eraehen. tjlelcb ere «r3ten 
Tage gab Ich nehr ala zwel Dollar fuer Tail aua und Im relnen Interasse der 
Tranaooean. Taxi zub State Department und zurueck - Taxi zua Capitol und 
zuruack - Taxi zub "eiaaen Heua um Roosevelt Rede abzuholen - Taxi zur bra- 
sllianlsoben Oeaandtaehaft . Slelchzeltig schlckte leh Harm 3rela »iBher 
2u dan verschladenen (JoTemnent Departmenta ujb "Releeaes" elnzuholen. Es 
bedarf aloharllch kalner baeonderen Phantasle.ln Anbetracht der dringenden 
Drastaende, atwaa ueber elnen Dollar taeglich fuer Tail auzugebon. 

In der Foffnung, daaa die unerqulckllche, schlefe lage Id 
die Sle mlch brlngen, nur rein zufaelllg bedingt lat, bltte leh Sle daTon 
Abatand zu nebmen mlch waiter In Vlaskredlt zu brlngen. Die Dmkrenipelung 
deaaen was Ich Dr. Oroas aagte ueber den Brief auf Reria Ton Strempels 
Scbrelbtlach lat laecherllch und unwes*ntllch. 



Exhibit No. 130 

ft2* Jull IMO* 

Auf JtuftorAmruntt dM " iBstltutM mt PubUa Att^lxm 
teW l«h en OMaiuavtas* d«n 13* Jali •inas TortTss in OhMP- 
IottevTlll«> VlxglalA E>?m1%<wi* dm Ttaa.'Ba aalnM p«r»o«n- 
Ufllt«& TovluNMBMi lau%«t« t • XML* Bt«llaiig das IndlTUaala 

is X>«at««hl«ad "• Sins !Lopi« dla«os 7ortr«c;M li»crt b*!* 

GBi«nettoBTille» dor sits der -roo d«a ,Troos«B 
vm«<»«>.^^ dMMicTAtl&ohcn rracnlder.tcn JeffMnton gejruond** 
t«n UnlTBTBltaai* lukt Alljaalkrllah sine tc^znc d«s » Inatl* 
taxen ©T Tiibllo Afr&lrs ", dex Aor ^Vj.T»r«lt««t i»nc«Cli«d»rt 
li»t« Auf illiwr Tluaine d«o Inrt}.t-at«2 vpx^aohoai pronlnonta 
AnarikMJMT uad Au»la«^nd«r allcr polltleo^or ?.lc\tu3tc«a vmd 
dlS/ruti«rMi ianan • und •uaiMitii>olitlaahc iTrs^-csi* 34 varan t^X 
dlaaar > I af rfwIaMta mi Tagune ajvohlonrjr! i rolJ-tikav uad Pvo* 
faaaoran* TlrtaiilMiftTar und JontncJ-latan oto* Vcn dan ' 
iaeton Laiitant Hlo dart gooproohon hr.bani .'x>{«I.te loh nur 

BrlfladasanaoMa a ^ a C ;. v. .^. r r. o :; g , stallvaztrataai- 

flar 0«iiaralBta*jsahar 4er •oarJJcaniao'.'tan AxMaa 

Colnnal ]; 11 I a A. J :{ n C C r » i^UkatusoaJtrotoar la 


Bri..nduj«>n<nml nuOU a» JCHSCCi:* dor boJcaimta 


?rof aaaar Dr* oscAR J \ a z l p ehauollger ancariaohar 

I'Cin.iatari B«hr dmiteaJtrelndliOIi oltigaatnllt 

.-. A .H L 3 A ^« S n a » Lai tor dor ktiuaaaletlaoliMk rartai 

ill dan Taralnl^'ton vStnntaa 

J0H3 A« •ffu>:.:Lsa-D2riri;?r tob • 

InatLtut) oT Intarriatlonal Affalro "r London*>H;] 

-VliiraJL 'Tt a. y U 'v L :i C , voa •Ji»rlii»lo>:vrtnBiit 

Colonol T H :^ :d n 2 H O U 3 K V j; L 7t «i:-«aDiall«car 

Ga/exnor dar niiilipplnan 

PAUL T« M C If tj T T» Jat«ln<»:* Cborliaioloaar dar Plilllppl- 

\l 1 L T. 1 A H R* OASXLttt oliQciftl igar JtAates«}crataaV 

Lalter dea StaiaaJ>apajrtiiaata untar V.llaon 

^^adoator V A / ?, ttar allMawiA ala alnar dar auaaiahtaraX* 

aSn rapuSlXkibilaohan Kaadldatan fuar dJLa Praaaldttttaowahl 



Exhibit No. 130 (continued — 1) 

• 2 - 

I>mm Pa1>li]Qim» daa d«a tttpaemi dicstts Xnetltuti^ 1m 1- 
«ate%«» bMtend kbb ggommntmik fttll aua !litc3^«dsm uwtaeijiMxiLm 
•tiMMT TiPMMfliclate vmA waHmntr iMamUobsr 7«r6iiilc:iincen» di« 
•leii tvune Xanfln • wa& Aussenpolitil:: latcrvssJLer^a* Dls 3od«i»<> 
Isang d«i^ iSn^aaeca di«8«s Xnstitutas Xl«ft i^miisor in 4mr R«ak» 
tion auir 4a0 ^bHIom mtKn&taack rialaoiir la d^ ^^eibOfimm dl« 7wr>» 

M tMbn? d«B Htm&f&nk v«slM?»lt«ti AonMr ««rd4m >^ » iai a»— <i«v 
wr i r t um Aurob di« ssiMMa ?«»eewi$ea^ur«R wi« u?» ap and IHS 
la alio %«ltimgec d«o Xdotd^ :*9^sfa^t uM Aox>t diakutlwrt* Si 

1st also mataiBj? dlo £ulM«ar«3aMBig«» nxS di« jstRs w^i victeca tet 
els die gaflWB»« aeMuHJci&nlscfti^ BoTooXJcurttn^* 

Mfl i*j3i la CEsarlotlKKjrlUe aHfcwa, f^md loh di« A1 

pbMMK Ml? alo 2Xmt»i^}wta e«e«B»«^!»er darothaea® lealt loid «1>l«inaad« 
lelt moda Tor nvlnfies 7ort9aee u#lM»rall aee<s33Silttai» dnmi «• itfidli 
ads Deutftshea erzposrte "and le'h nit. ^.«2 0«dagti?^»n sniolto, rMlaon 

i3i»€^ tiafeaswc^tts taid dmi l'"i«»'-t>\ner-> tot Bc , ^adn«B V«pfemti:*B 

orfasa •ddjaMsrte diM«! iaih glattla*«» -leu-t ass iaai';i;;'©n f)yf» aa 
soln* 7«mi leh rOa --auisaatoy tot alrvsr d<m\rSlg r'hlaihiMaa«i«B onl 
felnAsellfida Haas* aparooiims .rsi9e0«« Sodmnn l><s>ipsnn tth acdjMtt Tmn* 
trag« Idh faad dis Ztdb»er«r sa«»e»rt»i:<4<ntIlaH lat«ir«a«»l«?t alMsr 
euoh «ban«« tkbls^samad* 'Diet £m.xBja;m6h^t dl® dsunexf ifn IfMilbralttaK 
In de? a^flsRomnton " r«sxnd teljla * ""Sjcmf^sptma fol^e* *a» miluaff 
uad laurt* X9h faad es &1» Boutso^ti^r se&tie^&s4XjS&B&» f^r «liMHi dor* 
artlg at>leha«adaa PubUictta a« sts^on^ daeSx^o a\>«8> aoiiXl^ialliiit aM 
das B«l*9lal d«a IteMufwea* d«r la •«lB«a ▼•y» qS tl»d < ai» y«rt—iili« 
UMi att«2i midT die atiwaTftita Abloiasmv; soatoasiQ l6t vm& dtantitfi 
d«ii SlcR dtTTMi gatnmaa bat« M« J%!«e«EEt a»3?«Bt t<ii:iM»l»9 wiwlhtlrtit 
t«13a«le9 ac uMw ewdaatUcai gah aae s lf* S^basfe 3»a@«a la^b« l«li 
^b«!»o nelmfff wiMter treantvea^st ixm i>«(mAli4:^te> Fj«e«BB «%«niM 
f7oandll(ih« laah d«r Asimyamsi^ mie dlo Al3ie8p^<i&®3ro «i«i mm9»m 
««tiB«lt« 3*ttar J9d«B SalSsudnar* sal as ZtUxosror oden* l^aftMHr* 
war loh * laM ;yi«Mid firaei ^)«raac;r "• ^^^^ €is@r!te^mte and Mfiitafta 
naflno Auffluimaie» a<Mm aaa ale asOS^ aleht t elite* 3al daa g r o a" 
oec .vbandMisea wmSi laeli^Ba ^artmig tal aaa mis' 'bvtoadiKn Saoraa^ 
SMB 2utt»ll* D«r ^indJ^unie bat Hl<m sm fal^semdea Ta^sthi tHiiaa Aeda 
aa «ledexliole»« Zeh eztdelt daa Juouf TtswahisdesMT X^nta mi 
varde aacjoapiPCNtfiaa vaa aalil3ral«3Mm* He itedtaaft !i:^^9n aselltea* 
Zfili MKBoealleh Ibabe den iaiad»«» Tlel rja T^aanrlaaaanla an»a» 
ver iMg» %al daa JtavaaeadMi 1>el4P»txaje«a sa !mb«B« ^Anraill die ta- 
gxas fuex aloh p«rs6o»ll«di aaaaarardetrtsllob 'aHfr«ciaill«ih and bia 
au laalaea fwrtnga itmt aataimnlf^emi) var* 

lat IsaaaSilB elaa 2Uaaxtui«* aiok la ala AaAltavlaa 


Exhibit No. 130 (continued — 2) 

• S • 

su s«ts«n* das baG«i*tMPt B^xkora snhoert* dl« ofTon stn Krlog 
a«8«a DauiaohlanA aufTordexn* -^ hAb«n dies b<ide<itend« UMnDCr* 
vie •• B* iMT f^saeral J. C» i)EtrlM>rlt V)»r«ita«nd«r dee Vevetaa* 
dee Ton ?.• C* A* • der acooomi .iMlloeonellsd'iArft • Oder lir« 
Bruoo BllTsn* '^reeeiAent i^r Sew Yorker '/eltunm: " The IHnr 
Bopublio " Oder unbedeutendere Leute wle Clj\renoe K* atrelt* 
der fraetaero OenTer Eorreepoodent der " Uew Yo*9c Tlaee * Oder 
i^rofesQor rreuee (orleeta) ron dor 'nlmrelteet In iU.eM(?m oad 
echnllohef swar. kxer Ausreenroohan* daae Aoerika in einen Krleg 
0ecen die ^wtioniel BOBlelletlAdisn traA fMhis%lsahen ^ettenen 
eintreten .^ueaete* ^? «mr anenerrtea heeehet oaerfreuliah fUer 
■idh* mf einer ^^'lattTom isu etehen* In der Ten einen denteeli^ 
folrdliohcm :\thlll^ar4 die ueboletan frunim ror(;et«a»Oitt wuden 
imd die ntan yon d5.e*er yliKtttowm one en beentworten iifet« 

leSx hnVi nlr nsAh diewe n Jtrt'ehrunftea die 7x«<ee Torce* 
loct t * 30M nan in .Ji)aiTtTt minm derertli^:« t/ereeou] 
Icftu odor nloht " * und }\*ibn uoner die Antvrort lasaee 
lea Mn Mex'bel au <\en 'intee^•JLua■ (^elcott^en* i i e am «1» 
ToUon* JbieriJn nna d«a Kjrlec liegretteanlieltant eo 
derartl^ \ria;i%la9 V«r«M«. nliutgen sioh^ enever Aoht 
fluoeaen sie beeokieken) <\*ttn die Leute aiad haxicre±c 
jsationmt die ihnen die -^v^^ae nl<}'it gibt* Die 
dooh nur A-.usvoyiRittoy '^ie letr dl<» negative Boite 
"wmtbx^tid tajRi In elseu 7ortree« QeieeenlMilt b*t» da« 
•itlre s;\ sol::^^* Dleeee cToettn Pesitire Sart ntmmt 
und let IjtfoXfledeaeen •»#» PMoe 4Li« aeri^teretatti: 
dionfi > amarruunjien 'beri<di%ett " vewe •• pmmm^tifti _ ^ 

noloher Vortres eine sute Preeoe 2iab«M JMmt di« Bm/OMOt iMt dS,1» 
AoreeeayMlt auf elaev eelelMs Vetneneliii elae ?ortiur« 

T?«na vir d^tesen U6A reUetaetai^ 
4«m toennen wir «n«2i den ^ ed n em diese .m 
%«K;oli«n dorartiffe VesewcpiluncreM nlAt aetar 
laejjTi^ hrJ.t« loh eiiie solehe TereevOancc J 
tereti-e ruor fuseeronventlieh wertreXX* 

In dear AaAmtSB ■eeeltte i«h Hbmci no^ die AiMMibrift ei* 
nen Brlefee uebesnHadeK* d«n teh rea den idLreActoar Aaa IjMrtl* 
tutes of PultUd Afntiir^f Hardy 0* OlllasA* eelMltea 

Hell Sitler i^ 






Exhibit No. 131 

WALLiHoraito. Pa. 

v,<'bertreib;iric vjt- 

worten siusB.Hasfl so nacnzupruetend* AngsDsn in eiRen lortrag* 

einss imuischen niciiT, anAnen, wancr nenmc acr mr ni«r r<;j,u«it. 

.^ecfiacn Lung sT«i.x 

lteich8MlRiBt«r a. D. 

Langjaehrlges Kiteliad d«s R«lok8t«e«a 



Exhibit No. 132 






Stockholm Sweden 


September 17, I9A0. 

The Dies Cocimlttee 
Washington, D.C, 


In regard to the Oerman newa agency. Trans Oceanic 
News, I have had an experience, which may bo of aid and Interest. 

A late friend of nine, bom In Sweden, neutral In 
politics and manager of a German movie theatre, telephoned me rather 
late one night (around midnight to be exact) In the beginning of April 
last year. He told me that he had two friends with him and that he wanted 
to oome and see me. The lateness of the hour was .not unusual, because his 
work as a theatre manager and mine as a newspaperman made It necessary to 
start work late In the day and finish late at night. The two men with 
him were Oennan newspapermen. One published a small monthly In the 
language and the other, whose name I remember as Mr. Tonn, was with the 
Trans Oceanic Kews. 

Mr. Tonn and I had a conversation, during which we dis- 
cussed our work and I Informed him that Sweden was very anxious to create 
good-will In the U.S. and that Swedish newspapermen stationed In the U.S. 
took It as one of their duties to present America In as favorable a light 
as possible to the readers In Sweden and that gangster- stories and such 
were never sent, because they were not representative of the country. I 



Exhibit No. 132 (continued) 






Stockholm Sweden 


- 2 - 
enlarged allghtly further on the subject and Mr. Tonn than answered me- 

-My instructions are entirely different. Wo eend newa 
to South America, Germany and Borae of our stuff goaa to the Far East and 
for U9 It la a matter of policy to damage the prestige of the U.S. as 
beat we can. Wo work all our stuff that way and lon't send anything elae 
unTesB It can not be avoided from the point of view of news value. 

This answer naturally startled me and It also made tae 
slightly hot under the collar. It was the first time In my life that I 
met Mr. Tonn, whom I since have met only once more, for a few minutee 
on a pier at the arrival of a steamship . 

I spoke to some American newepapenasn about It, because 
it seemed to me to be a story worth Investigating, but apparently It was 
not. 1 tried to get Oerald Duncan of the Now York Daily News Interested 
and also Carrol Kilpatrick of the Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser, but 
nothing came of It. I am glad to see that your committee has taken up 
the activities of this news BOi*vlce, though late. 

Very sincerely yours 



I shall be glad to give this Information 
verbally to any representative of the 
Dies Committee in New York and possibly 
also other information, I may possess. 



Exhibit No. 133 

^3ikMaht«ar ft Anxol^ar 
1136 Znmt 22 ltre«t 
Clarvlani, Ohio 

2>«tr*lt«r AlModpost 
X44S Brnah streat 
D«tr*it, »ioh« 

Clnoinnatl Jlrala PreM« 
906 Tine street 
Cincinnati, Ohio 

UilvaoJcM eutaohseitung 
MO Vast JUnaau 3treat 

miwaolaet «!•• 

OjOifemi* 3Ut« Cotmoll of tho 
Otoubfln Sooiatsr of 'jaario* 
84 CeliTorol* Stroot 
San rranolaoo, Calif. 
Att. Ool. ELnto 

m 3taatasoitBnc 
81B aoittlvMst Parte ATanoo 
Ptartland, Oro««ii 

Daily TMLVtina 
•Of no9&id 3traat 


tor California d 
Firanoiaoo, Calif* 

Calif exnia 3taata*«ltang 
821 -^Mt Pioo stroat 
Lea Angalaa, Calif. 

■ational .'sddlaa 
Bditorial >epartaent 
I, "inn* 

ROohaaUr Abandpoat 
as? Andrawa >traat 
■•ehaatar, K.Y. 


Amaigar A -^at 
127 nai^bury 3traat 
lawran— , Xass* 

Dauiaohea I{aohri<tfiten%uaro 
00 Rookaf oiler naaa, Rm. 543 
Bav York Citgr 

August 27, 1940 

l2iso rA, 

8i30 7U. 

12 130 IV. 

8i30 Pfl. 


Ifii30 !»'. 

12j30 P', 

8i30 HI, 


l£i50 n:, 
0i30 ai, 


Oi3o m, 



0i30 J«. 

5s 30 m, 

SiSO I<K. 

Tin T^\ \^jn 

12t30 ni. 

8i30 r"^. 


8t30 rfr. 




Exhibit No. 133 ( continued— 1 ) 

r. von Ijioop 
17 Battery rlnoe 
I'GV York City 

rjr« i:erl'bQrt Ton 3tr<«np«l 
r«c. ?ox 
Aatliar^ton, long lolond 

'■-: CIS 

uorcan Coneulat* 
1520 hovia To«9r 
225 ->outh 15th tre^t 
Xhlladelpiiiat ^om« 
\tt« r. Tidi indels 


Ctaiod for ai^ 3i00 R'. 

"'xvilod trrery Tueoday and 
Triday Includlntj daily  
sorriofl iMtwecn Mailing 

Tina nail leavaa 

Si30 Ri, 


aamrn Consulate Oensra}. 
533 II* Ulohisan ATonue Bldg« 
Chioaco, Ills 

Genmn Conaula%« OenoTal 
26 O'l^rrall 3tra«t 
:;an ^'ranciaco* Calif « 

G«smn Consulato 
1410 Intarnationnl Tildg. 
722 Qiaatnut 'troet 
Zt, Louia, ^o» 

Ooxaan Conaulata 

1122 :!ldJUuid Bank Bld^* 

ClcTolaxvl« Ohio 


Odrman Consulate QenoraX 
353 r, '.Ichlcan Averme rldg, 
Chic{v:o, 111. 

Oernnn Conaulnta 
131 3tate 3tro«t 
Boaton, :xia8* 

Oonaftn Conmlat* 
1? Batt«ry ?lac« 
n«f!f York City 

Qavnm r^nlsasoy 
Xnsaachujatts ATcoaa 
aiftiinBtcR* 3*C« 

Tiae riftil loavaB 

(2 oopifls German} 

8j30 m, 

5i30 k:, 


(3 ooploa 'nc^iah) 

5«30 ni, 

Called for nt osOO BI« 

12130 at., 6t30 r»T, 

8i30 jr., 



Exhibit No. U?3 (continued — 2) 

^ff.u?,ftr • ^l 


i3( Ll'brary of Iiifomatlon 
17 Bfittery lltico 
ifew York City 

OeTTian .allrouJa Infomatlon Office 
11 eat 57th Jtrcot 
Ke* York City 



Ooman Conaulate 

403 Jouth Uosipoaa \Tonu« 

Los .ovjalast Ciilif* 

Oeman Conaulut* 

3029 ot. Charles ATonue 

Novf Orloane, Ja. 

j-^gy t:'. r:3T0''"3t3 

..T, Kurt Bono It 
'<:ancla Tranaoccan 
Apnrtavio /-o stale 16Sa 
Mexico City, Uexloo D.7* 

Br, R» B. Straaatjurcsr 
}<'orii>an<ly i^no 
Owynedd Vrilley, Fem* 

Rfl<mlar -^lail 

Ur« La'nrenoa Dennis 
VJ'i'HMO nrwiok ATsnue 
est ~':nglcwooa, li,J» 

Tr'iiaooean ' eirs Jarrle* 
1092 rational Proas Bldg. 
nahin^ton, 0*C» 

Oemnn Consulate 

VI, John Boltan 
o/o The Boltn, Co. 
Lairrence, Upas. 

Oenoralleutnant >"riedrich TOn Boetticher 
c/o Ocman fabaasy 
UajsRohuaetts ATonue 
ashington, D.C. 

TLne --il lo..voa 
Called for at 3i00 !V. 


Tine r.-.U Itfavoa 

' idnJght. 
(Pink only) 

Ur. K. B. Straasturger 

sldorf Astoria Towers, Apt. 
Hew Toric City 

41 C 

3(30 Rl. 

5i30 JW, ^ ^ 

Tim tA} tr^T"? 

5l30 PH. 

s«30 rc. 

5i30 TV., 
i:idnight. (Starting 
sept. 1 ) 

5i30 P?!. 


:)«liTer«d St SO F!.'. 



Exhibit No. 133 (continued— 3) 

privat: cusT0.'£;a3 

■ftiW^ftT vu 

The Director 

The lletr York lAilaiic Library 
Fifth Ycnuo and 4l2a(l Jtr^et 
Kew Yorl: City 

aeorse Jt/^lvcater Vlorecl:, Maq. 
505 Rlvaralde :*iV9 
How Yorik City 

Dr» Albort Degoner 
10 Ast 40th street 
Sm York City 

Kurt K, 'diurlg ? Co, 
50 Broadtay 
RsTT York City 

IQTa 3« Collina 

231 eat seth 3treet 

Kow York city 

Sar* L« A* K«cd.d 

65 .aet 77t2i Street 

ir^'W York eity 

Mr, Paul Ochaffer 
52 ::rjit 31 Jtroet 
l<e» Yoik City 


i s B i 

yi. .a nail leavca 


Friday at r'idni^t, 
TridAy at Midaia^t, 
?riday at Hidoii^t, 


Aovrce OF credit 

EXHIBIT No. 134 


or TMC crrv or pnrw to«k 


ttcccivco mOM 

— mANCM New voRK ?/22x4fi 

».« cnioiT you* account tooay with tm« ium or 1 ,659»00 






*^ad5»tr»ne Hotel 

U4 i^st S2nd St. .'t. y, 5. j 


MtANCH orriccw 


274778 — 40 — pt. 2 19 


Exhibit No. 135 



or T-Mf C)T* Of Mzw »<*•■ ' 

FOR Y EISHIH STREET ...«« new voi«k.1/2'//40 



■V o.o» or TRANS OCEAN 6.U.B.H. 



i'.l.Ait.-TT'KE hr>7-^ 

111 i^rt ''?'» •■•frr-»-l N.'.i't-y 


T ' 

( ».N. 

MIAMCH orriccR 


ADVtcc OP cRCOrr 

Exhibit No. 136 


FnpTV Flft^TH aTBFFT manch n«W YORK .g/lV^ 






To Oladstoao Botal 

114 J^st 52iid ^. ". ^. C, 


B-N.T. • t-l 

• ^.T»j^'-t^-v^-^ '■ Tri-'^warTu 

Exhibit No. 137 

^» tnpm V 




CKcorr tuisK, zwich, svitzcruno. 

■"'' ■^ 

rn . t; , i» 4« 

^ m. Muneo zapp strim. Acoouirr 

To mtrtrtMM lat*! 

U4 iMt fZai St. I. T. C. 


»■>*. • »-m 


Aovicc or cncorr 


Exhibit No. 138 


o# TMK errtr ttr mkw tomw 



..y<>>n». TRANSeCEAN e.U.B.H. BERLIN 


~~ or 


r -i 

t_ U« lut ttoA H.  X. 0. J 



•■IB.T. • V-M 

Exhibit No. 139 



or n«a 0TV o* M«w towc 

4&3U STREET muMCH New yoiik,_ 


M* Ri g1 ^9 40 

 6 31 « w ~ 







Gladstona Hotel 114 Vast SSnd St. 
• . ■■. I. 0. J 


MCM orv iam 


Exhibit No. 140 



•««or ♦6,5 T5»q6 

•»e<.v«>n«b. BANCO OE ICXICO, MEXICO, O.F. 


BAHCO OE ICXICO. ICXICO, O.F. $6578.95 LESS 4.99 cost of »i 



QlAdatoo* Bot«l 

U4 B. SZad St. ».J. C. 




t'M.r. 4 •-« 


Exhibit No. 141 

I TWuLjar 



o» r>« or* o' ■■« voMH 


WW cacMT Toua » c coui«i tomt oitm tm« mum or 



. I 

Qladatoo* Botal 

114 BMt 5a>d St. 
I. T. C. 




•-«.T. « •-» 

Exhibit No. 142 

ADVtcs or cwBorr 



or T»« c#^* o» •«» »»•« 

A8H STREET Hcwyo«K.__*?Rik.25_1940- 




.ro«o»or ^^^^^ ^ ^^^^ g^^^^ MEXICO, 0.<^. 

r ~i 


To A:i ^U^zii^ /^'^-^ 



bhamch otficcr 

Exhibit No. 143 






■T o«i.w or TRANS OCEAN 


©r T»lt CIT» OF *r«w *ow« 

£aHY_-i6HIH 3TRE£T "anch newyork. lup^^^ 434^^^ 




«.N. W.SULia.VikNo.'r>c» 





Exhibit No. 144 


NOTe TtCL>t» 


or rHi ciTv or ncw vonic 



BiciivED ri«o» Ti<«N30CtAN,eERLIN, 
roR THE u«t or y^fiFSEO ZAPP, SPECIAL 

$1 ,998^0 


G ladstone Hotel, 

114 ii«3t SCnl Street, 
New iork, N.r; 

••N.l 4 >-)• 

Exhibit No. 145 

• HANNAWALD""*"" <*"■'"" 




or tm€ Citv o» wrw tcwk 

FORTY EJ3HTH STREET b»»nch new vork . „ 6/2il/40^ 









11: 2£ :: - 

■-N.T. - »->• 

REPRESENTS $6o8o.OO |ESS $4.2? 






P U ^ L I C 



Exhibit No. 146 


or TMi ciTT or **«w vo»»( 

_F(»TY EIGHTH ST/ _„.„^„ newvork 6.27,40 






Gla:l.:u-.r.c! hotel 

Se.v York, H. Y. . J 

W^o . MiANCH orrtccM 






Exhibit No. 147 


or THE C4TI or M«W tOMK 

4hlii ^TRIEf 



ro« TM. u.t or MANFRED ZA'^r -JPECiAL 



GltiisLore Ko'^1 

U.' Ear.t S: 
NCA 'or/, '• . 




.yoRK. ^^'LY 

8 1;;4- 







NOTf TEU.llt 

Aovice or credit 

Exhibit No. 148 
THE CH/i(^i5 hJkTr6NAL BANK 

or tMf fiTr or ■•<■> > JKH 

4dT>H jTREET bbancm new YORK 

w^ cncoiT voun account tooav with tmi suh or 


FOR THK use or 

■V oNOCK or 




To ^^d^L^Ai^Z^ ')4'J^ ^ 

H. MANNEWAlJi«„ orr.c« / 

I ¥ 


Exhibit No. 149 


or T»«a CiTf or Ncw tomr 

jdTH 37f^££T ««amcm new york. 





Aue. 1 19 40 
$6,075-49 — 


••M,T. 4 ■-' 


Gladstone Hotal 

U4 tost 52nd Street 

Sew Tork, >. l« 



Exhibit No. 150 



4. Juni 1940 

Ueberaetzung des Codekabels von Berlin 

Ueberweisen heute $ 2000. — weiterer Betrag au« Venezuela 
Pankt erbltten drahtlich Ho^e des letzteren Betrages 


Exhibit No. 150 (coutinuecl — 1) 

RC2 PR652 XOX 

CDE BERLIN 15 k 18A6 




HI ?18P 


Exhibit No. 150 (continued — 2) 

5. Jul! 1940 

Oeborsetzung des Codakab^ls Ton Berlin 

Sie werden arhaltan in den naechsttsin Tagea bullae benrel sung 
gleidxzeitig Augcstueberveistmg bitten zu bast<ietigen 
Bingang Baben Each uebenfiesen 6. Junl z\rriel \ 2000.00 
als Beserve bitten zu decken hiervon Kostsn Havanarelse 


Exhibit No. 150 (continued — 3) 
TO Sable September 6 1940 ( 'i^ransfer Account ) 

Uebersetzung des Codekabeis a n Berlin 

Benoetigen fuer Anwaltsgebuehren etc. In bekannter 
Angelegenhelt zunaechst Dollar slebenhundertfuenf zlg Benauer 

Betrag nach Abschlus3 Angelegenhelt vorausslahtllch Oktober 

Exhibit X<>. ini iiinl Exhibit No. ir)2 

I>«r franzoealsoh* Paschlstanfuchrer Adrlen Aroand 
hat hier Tor kurze* vorgeBorochen und untnr Vorle(?ung der 
hl»r belgBfuegten Abechrlft angefrngt, oh er fuer dns hl»- 
•lg« rasohl«tenorgan "L 'Illustration Nouvelle* die Machrlch- 
ten <'•• Deutaehen Naohrlchtenbueroe erhnlten koenne. Ich habe 
daru erklaert, daae mlr die Bedlnsrungen, tu denen die sopfenann- 
t«n Traneotean-Naohrlchten abonnlert warden koennten, nlcht 
naeher beksnnt eelen. Herr Arcand erklaerte mlr, daaa 
"L'llluatratlon Nouvelle* die betreffenden deutaohen Nnch- 
rlohten ohne Quell enangabe wiedergeben wuerde. Nach Belnein 
Dafuerhalten kommt nur In Frige, an Herrn Arcand bezw. die 
frantoeslsche Zeltung durch Luftpoat die Tranaotean-Nncb- 
rlchten von Wa«ihlngton nus uebermltteln zu lassen. 

Wle mlr das Oenernlkonsulat Ottawa mlttellt, hat es 
In der Frage, unter welchen Bedlngung^n die Tranaorean-Naeh- 
rlohten an niBerlkanlsohe und kanadlsche Zeltungen abgeeeben 
werden, mehrfach mlt der Botechaft korrespondlert . Dem Vexv. 
nehnen nach werden die Berlchte nach elner Verelnbarun? mlt 
der Leltung dee Tranotean-Dlenstea Berlin an deutache Zeltun- 
gen In Kinada ge^en Erstattung von Je $ 1.- monatllch abge- 

Bedenken gegpn die Abgabe der Berlchte dee Transozean- 
Dlenates an ^errn Arcand o'^er die genmnte Zeltunp habp Ich 
nlcht, vorauageaettt, dnss das Kon<?ulat dabf^l unbetPlllRt 
blplbt, und die genannte franioeslsche Zeltung die Nachrlchten- 
blaetter In deraelben Welee und unter denaelben Bedlntoingcn 
erhaelt wle amerlkanlache Zeltungen. 

Ich waere fuer elne baldgefaelllge Mlttellung donkbnr, 
Ob (tea gegenueber hleslgen Zeltungen getelgte Entgegpnkom.T'en 
auch auf die hleslge franzoeslsch-kanadlache Zeltung eratrett 
^lerden kann. H«*rrn Arcand wuerde damn ^elegen seln, die Be- 
rlchte des Traneoiean-Dlenstes In engllscher oder franzoesl- 
echer Sprache lu erhalten. 


ll.Adrlen Arcand, 

938 - Est Bd.Oouln, 

Montreal - Owe. Paris, le f? septeirbre 19?8 

Cher Monsieur Arcand, 

Je crols utile aux fins que vous poursulvez et a cellea 
qu^ poursult 1 'Illustratlqn-Nouvelle de vo\jS suggerer des vous 
presenter au Consulat General d'AJlemagne a Montreal et d'y 
demander: - , , 

1" que I'on tous fasse le service gratult, telegraphlque et 
postal, du D.N.B. (Deutsch Nachrlchten Bureau - Service 
i^llemand des Nouvelles ) pour qu'll aolt fait large olace 
a cee Informations dans 1 'Illustratlon-Nouvalle; 




Exhibit No. 152 (continued) 

2* qu© I'oh constate que voue enteijder servl^ alnal lee 
meill^eurs interete du Canada, ronge par le asmltleme et 
menaoepar le comnunlsae, ooshb^ voue dltes, oee geirmes 
dangereux» que le Fuehrer a reeolu d*extlrper Impltoyablement 
du iBonde . 

II est possible que, par oette vole detournee, voue ^ 
obteniet des Infonaations que lee agences fran^aleea dlrlgeee 
par des Julfs/Havas, Stern; Radio, Blu^; Fournler, Bollaok/ 
ne donnent pas ou ne donnent que f«u8seee sur ce qui se passe 
en France. Vous auriet, sane en endlquer I'orlglne, des 
Infonaatlons detout preyjer oljolx, dont la repercussion 
certains Jours pourralt etre enorse. L 'Illustration Nouvelle, 
avant longtoaps, seralt^le aeul organe de la grande orease 
quotldlenne canadienne,*a dormer des nouvellea qui mettralent 
sous les yeux du lecteur le vral portrait de la France. Avant 
longteiBps la grande presse seralt obligee de vous sulvre 
dans la vole oi^ vous vous serlez engage et les agences 
s^ralent obligees de changer de ton et de modifier leur 
methode en mettant fin a 1 'esosunotage de la verlte. 

Croyes, Cher Monsieur Arcand, a mea mellleurs sentiments, 




Exhibit No. 153 


Ll«ber 'err Jlankenhonl 


F\xer ihr f r«undllch?a ochr^iben vo'-. 15. ;.'ov«*r.b>'r d.J. 


In d«r ikr\feLrf5«r,helt der Irun»-Oic«on-l.'achrlcht«»n d»i f Ich 

Ihnen Tl^lnala und mopohve ble ' Itten, wenn Herr Jr. : anfred 

^opp In .aahlnRton elntrlfft, iloch freundllcherweisr -och 


folrend«« rclt Ihn zu besnrechen. 

Ich ..t.erde ea aus dlenatllch«n .ruerulea aehr bffrruesaen. 

*enn d*r hi»»»l'-eT Vftrtr»-t'jnr n*s .orddeut.iC*-.en Llo-d und 


1 der Hasjbur«-«;-i'?rlkh-Liiile, 11^^ -^hilllOft lace, !o'-i.r'Bl, 

Jetzt schon 
( ebenralla .vle/de.. ..jn^^l^t ■.:ontre8 1 klle Trons-Ozea i-!ach- 

ric'-.tan per Luftjoat zun Vorzu.-aTela von T 1,- rorn-tTlch 

ueberaandt wuerden. 0^ Jlcs .ch den I'ezur: •^edin-'.ii'^'-" yp 


llc.n iat, er.tzle t aich r-oli-r /.enntnio. .>!♦» < r^raph'- -e 't- 

tretunr der beiden d^'ut-chpn Sohif fahrtapeaellac^uf ten 


steht hifT untT der Lei^'mr dea •. I.'u«^l'.er-HicMcr, .'e: 

1 ;er'-'.l*^ c!e. rtaprtiiri*? i.)iLr«-al das artelar.t 1' -- 

aflle-.leiter beklpi.iet. . .ell- r-:ickle: ' •- " <^r- 

klaart, daas ^r &ic -in-n n cM un'''etro»=c ■.*- ' lc^*"- -^ro o- 

♦'n rfolr e.r. -:*ft, wein «--r in drr .u'-e i..'-, iff 


IlachrlcMen in semen ^eachaef taraeunen L.ujzulefn. €i 

'■ der '-eit.-i'=ll IS' otze, vU" ^^ -'=it u c "l"-.- in " "da 

ge(r,«n (.Ilea Deui che hetrlebei v.lrd, tret ich vier ,. .'Titta- 



Exhibit No. 153 (continued) 

sun^ von Herrn Muel -er-Rlckler riurche s bei, 

Ic^ W'iPro sehr dan bor, .venn ^le n:ich issen ""a-sen 

•.vuerden, ob slch Jec resch i Iderten Flan irrendwelche 

ochwierifrjceiten er tgerens-ellen, 

fu'-r den roll, dass Ihre Unterredunr mit Herrn 

Dr. oap^ brreilb atat -*.'^-f .n .en hat, fu-^e ich elnen 

Durchsi.hla^- iesea Briefea bei und darf oleMtten, 

Ibn mit ei .r?". erlaeuternden ^eilen -n !!errn Dr. Z^'-'Yi -0 "^ ^ ^ 

/ p u '^ 

Z-app nuch ''ork zu sendei. 

'W freund lichen '".niesacn und 
Keil Hitler 

gez. Sokner, 


Exhibit No. 154 

DeuUche BoUchaft 


D.C., den 


November 1938. 

- 1 - 


Herr Dr. Zapp, 

Unter Beju«nahme 

«uf unsere 

kuerzllche Unter- 

-3- reaung 

eriaube Ich mlr hier, Abachrlft tweler Brle- 
Herrn Dr. Eckner In Montreal ru uebersenden 

fe des 

und bltte 31e, sowelt 

es Ihnen looegllch lat, daa Wel- 

tere von dort aus tu veranlaasen 


Mlt beston Oruessen 

und 1 

lell Hitler 







Dr. Z a p p 
Gladstone Hotel 
114 East 52nd Street 
New Y o r 

k , N.y. 

^ * 



Exhibit No. 155 

Deutfd)e6 ^onfutat 

German Consulate 
317 Keefer Bldf. 

Auf des ^chrolbpn vom 
31. T. U. 

montreaU den 7. Fobruar 1979. 

Von dem Inhelt Ihr»>s nebenb>>zelchn<«t*n 3chr«>ib<»ns 
hobe Ich Kenntnls trenomnpn. 

.7ie Ihnon ous den Schri nv.*»chs«>i d-'s Mf>3ir-n Kon- 
sul'.ta Fit der Botscbeft in V/ashington bekannt ist, 1st der 
hlosl.'-A franzoeslsche Fascb iStpnfnchrpr Adrlpn Arcand lAbhaft 
inter«»S8i«>rt , Jie Transocfan-Nachrichten l!iu*'pnd zu Tbalten. 
Herr Arcern^ *'rk''aerte nir, dass daa ^ lealp? FascMst^i-Orpian 
••T 'Illustration Touv^'lle" ''If d«»ut ch»>n Nacbrich t^n o'-n" Qael- 
lenangabe v.ipdergeben wf>rde. 

Anpealchts der allpemelnen unfreundlichen Haltung 
der in enf i ischf^r oprych^ erschoinpnd«>n ZBltuifPT gereiu'-'^»»r 
der: Reich kann piri" Ufb*^ rntihme der deutschen IJacVrlchten durch 
piT- hlPbipe Zeitunf nur hesTu«»3st werden. C^ sich indcsa-n 
die erweehnte Z«itunp wird entsc'-lipssen kopn-ien, die Trans- 
ocean-IIachrichten zu '■Inem Preiae von rs,- § pro V.'oche z'. 
abonniprpn, Tacheint mir zweifplhaft. Bevor loh raich rit 
Rerrn Arcand in dleser AnKPle^^nheit pneut in Verbindunp 
setze, waere Ich fiipr "Ine roes'lic'ist haldl(7= t!l t.tellun/' 
dankbar, ob - und <7eppbpnpnfa" la in wplch°m as.'iP - iw vor- 
1 liege^den Falle ein Vorzupsnrpis plnpprafunt v.-erder. ko^nntp, 

Transocean, j 

7:Al J^adlsor. Avpnup, 
N°-.v York City. 


Exhibit No. 155 (continued) 
- 2 - 

Ich wuerde es aus dienstlichpn Gruenden sehr 
begru«s8#n, w*nn der hleslren V^rtr^tung des ITorddeutschen 
Lloyd und der Hamburg-Amprlka-Llnie, 1178 PhllliDS "^lac^, 'ijm 
Montreal, (ebenf all* wle J-tzt schon dem Konsulet Montreal) 
die Trans-Ozean-Nachrichten per Luftpost zum Yorzugsprels 
▼ on I 1,- Bonatlich u*>bers8ndt wuerden. Ob dies nach den 
Bezug8bedin<runpen moeglich ist, entzieht aich nplner Kennt- 
nis. Die erwaehnte Vertr*?tung der belden d-utschen ScMffabrta- 
gesellschaften steht hier unter der Leitung des '^p. VuelTer-^^ 
Eickler, der innerhalb der Ortsgruppe I'ontrpal das Parteiamt 
ala FilmatPllenlfltpr hekleidet. Pp. Mu*»ller-Hlckler hat mlr 
erklaert, dasa er slch elnen nicht unhetra-c^f ichen nrora- 
gandlatisch«»n ^rfolp orhofft, wenn er in der Lare ist, die ..^ 
Nacbrichten in seinen GeschaeftaraeuKon auszulepen. Pei d^r 
beisplellosen I'*=tze, di*» zur 2eit auch- hier in Kanade p^pen 
alles Deutsc\*» betrleben vlrd, trete ich der Auffassung von 
Herrn Uueller-Hickler durchaus bei. 

Ich waere sphr dankbar, w^nn oie T.ich wlssen las- 
sen wuerden, ob sich dem pescMldertpn Plan irgendwelche | 
Schwieripkeiten entgegenstollen. 

I. V. 




Exhibit. No. 156 

t>cutfd)€3 ftonfulat 

; 317 Ked«r mi%. 


Aaf das Schreib«n ■?otn 15. f.K. 

montceatdcQ 21. Uisrz 1939 


-lOtO I 





Herr Arcand liat Im Konsulat vorgt-syrochen 
und mltgetellt, daan er die TratMoce; n-Eachrichten aeit 
kurzem erhalte. Da sle Jedooh, ateta 24 Stunden zu epaet 
elngincen, koennten die Nachrichten nur teilwelae auajje- 
nutzt werden. 

Die Zeltung L'llltistratlon befinde sich 
gegenwaertlg in finanzlellen Schwierigkeiten; der in /^> 

yrankreicJi lebende Blgentuciaer werde in naechater Zelv ^ 


hier er-vartet. 

Die Zeitune kunn vorlaeufi^ taich den ihin 
angebotenen Preia von 15.- Dollar moimtlich niciit zalilen 
und waere aehr dankbar, '.fcnr die K^chrichten ouf einige 
Zeit noch gratia ufbermlttelt werd«^n '.vuerdeii, 

Irh atelle unheim, demnae hst mi t dem 
Xdltor der L'llluatrution, 11^4 Mi.rie Anne East, Montreal, 
unmit' elbar in Veroindunc zu treten. 

In Vprtretung 



KewYork, H. Y. 
341 Hadieon Avenue. 


Exhibit No. 157 

Ne-jf York, nen 3. Le.-.orater 103^ 

Lieber Partelgencsse, .^^ 

Liebe Parteigenojisin ; ' 

Am Freitag, don 16, Lc7.ember ds. vs., abends 8 Uhr, findet'" 
Im grossen Saal der llov; York Turnhollo, Lexington Avenue & 85. 
Strasse, Hev York City, unsere 9H^ 


atatt. Eiose Veranstaltung soil vor alleaa den Kindern gerldmot 
sein, Ta eine kleino Ueb&rraschung vorgesot en ist, bitte Ich 
mir mit dem beiliegonden Vordruck. urvt"-ho-'. d raltisuteilen, trlcvlele 
Kinder an der Feler teilnchnen irerdon. 

In Programra ist u. a. die Vorfuehrung eines doutschen Maer- 
chenfllmes vorgesehon. Mit gesangllchon Larbi-5tunr;en rlrd uns 
der Chor des Dumpfers •Colunbus" erfrouen. Ausserdem wird elne 
Verlosung deutscher Krzeugnisse erfolgen. 

Ich hoffe bestinunt, dass Sie mit Ihren Angahoerigen dieser 
Feier beiwohnen warden. Uit Rueck«lcht auf die Betelllgung der 
Kinder ouas die Feier ganau 8 Uhr beglnnan; Ich enrorte daher 
Ihr puenktllches Srschelnen. 

Der lintrlttspreis betruegt 40 Cents. 

loh bitte Sie, aa Saalelngung dieses Eirtladungsachrelben 

und Ihren Mltgliedsauswels vorzuzeigen. 

Hell Hitler I 

Dr. F, Draeger 

Konsul und Krelslelter 
der Ausl. Org. dor NSEAP 
Lii Auftrag 
H. Vogel, Kons. Sekr. 


Exhibit No. 158 

K«%w York, der. 17. Jarx. 1959. 

Liebf^r Ptrteiger.csse J 

Wie ich t.ereits auf -insereiiL letzter; Kaii.oradschaf*:s- 
afcend bekanXi-tj^ab, verar.staltet das lieutGche Cierifcralkcr.rjilfit 
am Montap;. d'=in 30, Januar ds. Js., abcr.ds 8 Uhr 30 , irr. px^r s— 
sen Saal der New Ycrk TurrJ.alle, 85. Strasse Eck^ LexinfC^oi. 
Avenue, New York City, 


Neben rcusikalischen larbletungen der Kapelle E, Rapsch, 
eir.em Prclcg des Pg. Kanns fcenz und meiner Pestansprache 

sieht das Progratrm die 

A^xff-uehi:"juiF; neuester deutscher Filme , 

dariinter .iuene:ster hier nooh nicht p;ezeiprber Aufr^hcien ur^se— 

res Fjelrjrers 'and Reichskanzlers vor. 

Die Parteigencssen sind mit ihren Angehoerigen und 

Fre'inden zu dieser Veranstaltung herzlichst eingeladen. Da 

die Eintrittskarten erfahrungsgeimess schnell vergriffen sein 

werden, bitte ich Sie, sich dieselben zum Preise vcn 60 Cents 

iLoeglichst uffigehend bei den nachstehend aufgefuehrten Vcr- 

verkauf sstellen zu besorgen: 

i) Deutsches Generalkcnsulat , 
17 Battery Place, 
New York, N. Y, 

2) Vg, Eugen Rieflin, 

jr.Adr.. Ycrkville Kanzlei, 

?.08 East 86. Strasse,  • " 

New York, N. Y. ^ 

5) Resta'irant Hans Jaeger, Pj- 'i-'i'^"' 
Ijexingtcn Ave. Ecke 85. Strasse, 
New Ycrk, N. Y. 

Scfern es Iljien zeitlich nicht moeglich sein sollte, 
bei den obengenannten Stellen in den naechsten Tagen vorzu- 
Bprechen, bitte ich Sie, unter umgehender Einsendung des 
ent spree henden Betrages Eintrittskarten bei mir schriftlich 
zu bestellen. 

Es ist Ehrenpflicht aller Parteigenossen, zur. Peier 

des Tages der Machtergreifung zu erscheinen und fuer den 

Besuch der Veranstaltung zu werben. 

Hell Hitler J 

Dr. P. Draeger 

Koncul und Kreisleiter ■||| 
der Aual, Org, der NSDAP, jB 

!7477S — 40 — pt. 2 20 



eber Parteiganosser 

Exhibit No. 159 

Now YcTk, den 3. Februar 1959. 


Uasc-r naechstcr KaiLeradschaftsabend findot am Prei- 
tag, den 10 . Fc-bruar 1939 . abends 8 Uhr 30 puenktlich . Im 
grossen Saal der New York Turnhalle, Lexington Avenue & 85. 
Strasse, New York City, statt. 

Der sich gecenwacrtig auf der Durchreise in Now York 
aufhaltende Schriftsteller und Forscher 

Pg. Ernst Wiese, 

mtglied des NSKK, ?rird bei dieser Golegonheit einen Vor- 
trag ueber das Thema : 

(Das faschistische Italien kolonisiert Aethiopien) 

halten. Seinen Ausfuehinxngen wird sich die VorfuehrunK 
eines Filmes . den Pg. Wiese in Aethiopien solbst herge- 
stellt hat, anschliessen. Er hat als deutscher Journalist 
dbrt den Einzug und die Befriedungsarbeiten des faschisti- 
sch'en Heeres miterlebt. Pg, Wiese hat auf dem Motorradi 
und im Plugzeug 6 Monate hindurch Aethiopitn bereist und 
mit Unterstuetzung der dxntlichen Stellen die italienische 
Kolonisation eingehend studiert, 

Der Italienische Goneralkonsul in New York hat zu- 
gesagt, in Begleitung seiner Mitarbc iter -dem Kameradschafts- 
abend beizuwohnen. 

Die Teilnahme an unserer obigen ycranstaltung ist 
Pflicht der Parteigenossen. Die Anpiehoerigen der Pgg . 
^Ipd gleichfalls herzlichst eingeladcn. 

Ich bitte Sic, sich bezw. Ihre Angchoertgen am Saal- 
eingang aussuweiaen. 

Heil Hitler ! 

Dr. P. Draeger - 

Konsul und Kroisleiter 
dier A, 0, der KSDAP. 


Exhibit No. 160 
Lieber ParteigenoBso J 

Am torjierstap;. den 9» Maerz ds, Js.« i.ueiiktlich abends 
8 Uhr 30 . f indet Im Krcssen Saal der Kew York Tumhalle, 
8^. Strasse Ecke Lexington Avenue, New York City, unser 
naechster , 

,, . K a in e r_a d s c_h_a_f_t e a b e n d 

statt . 

Pg, Heina Thorner, Attach* beim'Deutschen Generalkcnsu- 
lat, wird ueber das Themaj 

**Unsere Hitlerjugend** 

sprechen. Pg, Thorner ist Bannfuehrer im Stabe der Reichs- 
.^ugendfuehrung und Inhaber des Goldenen Ehrenzeichens der 
HJ. Im Anschluss an seine Darlegungen erfolgt die Vorfueh- 

ming der beiden HJ-Filme 


"Feindliche Ufer" g^ 

und Wlk 

"Jugend erlebt Heimat'*. 

Bei dem sich anschliessenden gemuetlichen Beisammen- 
sein werden zwei Olympia-Simplex Reiseschreibmaschinen zur 
Verlosung gelemgen, Der Erloes dient Unterstuetzungs- und 
aehnlichen Zwecken, 

Es ist Pflicht der Parteigenossen, dec Kameradschafts- 
abend beizuwohnen. 

Pie Angehoerigen. insbesondcre auch die aelteren Jungen 
land Maedel der Pgg. sind zu dieser Yeranstaltung herzlichst 

Ich bitte Sie, sich bezw, Ihre Angehoeritten am Saalein- 

gang auszuweisen, 

Heil Hitler » 

Dr. F,.Draeger 

Konsul und Kreisleiter 
J der A. 0. der NSDAP. 


Exhibit No. 161 

New York, den 12. April 193^. 

Lieber Part«igenosse I 

Am Dccjierstag, den 20. April ds, Js., abends 8 Uhr 
50 puenktlich, werden wir im p^rossen Saal der New York 
TurnhalJ.e, Lexington Avenue Ecke 85. Strasse, New Ycrk 
City, den 


i der an diesera Tage sein 50. Lebensjahr vcllendet, festlich 

Das Progrnnun unserer Feier sieht u.a, die Vorfueh- 
; rung neuester deutscher Filme vor, Unter ihnen befinden 
! 8lch ^Juengste Aufnahnon des Fuehrers sowie Bilder aus den 
Befreiunf'^tagen des Memollandes, Die Veranstaltung findet 
ihren Abschluas durch ein kaiaeradschaftliches Be iaammense in 

Bit Tanz. 


i Die Partelgenossen sind mit ihrcn Familienaiigehoeri- 

gon herzlichst eingeladen, Dabei gebe ich der Erwartung 

AuBdruck, dase die Pgg, am 20. April vollzaehlig erschei- 

n«n werden, 

Ich bitte Sie, aich bezw, Ihre Angehoerigen am Saal- 

eingeuig auszuweisen. 

Heil Hitler I 

Dr. F, Draeger 

Koneul und Kreisleiter 
der A«0. der NSDAP, 



Exhibit No. 162 

New Yrrlc, den 22. April L^'f^j , ' 

I Lieber P&rteip;tncsse 5 

Am Jfcr.tats, den 1. Mai 19i59, abends 8 Uhr 50, fiiidet 
tm grossen f>aal der Hew York Tirnhalle, 85% Strasse und 
liexlngton Avenue, New York City, die Fsst;vc:rans+;al"tun€ 
des Genei^alkons-ulatos anlaesslich dec 



Das Prosranijr sieht u, a, die Ansprache des Pg. Ge- 
nei^lkons\il Dr. Borchers, einen Prolog des Pg, Harins 
Biuenz sowie die 

VorfuetiTun^': soeben einr>etrof fener deutscher Filme 


Tie Festveranst:*xtung an. 1, lUai dluss sich genau so 
erfolgreich. gostalten wie \insere Feicr dos Gebuirt stages 
des Fuehrers 1 Ich gebe dahor dcr Erwartung Ausdruck, 
dass alle Partcigenossen mit ihren An{^ohocrigun der 
Feitr beiwchnen und unter ihron Bekannten 'and Freunden 
fuor den B<.suc;i der Veranstaltunj^ rcge wt-rben werden, 

Ea orfahr'^.gs'^uir.afess die Karten tald vergriffen 

sein werden, bitte ich Sie, CLoerlichGt urnnc-hend diese 

zuiL Preise von 60$ das Stueck auf ieE Goncralkonsulat 

Oder bei den nachstehend aufgofuei-irten Vor\^erkaufsstel- 

len zu besorgon: 

Vg. Eugen Rieflir, i 

p.AJr.Yorkvillo Kir.r.lei, 
208 East 86. 8traG3. , 
Ne;v York, N. Y. 

Restaurant Hanr. Jaeger, 

85, Strrisce & Lexington Ave,, 

?J#.v York, N. Y. • 

I Heil Hitler! ! 

Dr. F. Draeger 

Kontrul und Kreisleiter 
der Ausl, Org, der NSDAP. 


Exhibit No. 163 

St. tenfrM U 

Um I«rk, M.X. Urn Xork« 6m U* Jmmmt If59. 

XmmvI Bit. F« Bra^ffsv 

17 Bftttsrr fU9; 
■•• Xork« l.T* 

Mto f««hrt«r f«rt«lffftno«t« Dr. Drt«c«rl 

i«id«r koan%« lob ux d«a t««tri<«i I— ra48thif%— bt>i 

CBl«topr«tMMO aloht i«lln«)uMa« 4a i«h f»»«M« ak«Bi 

•rat alt Daatf ar "lanM" aoa OrattohlMid  i mwtef i fhT t 

Mb «Bd Iltf« lialAdunc Mrtt b«ttt« frusii •rhl«lt, lab 

•o*oht« •!• Mtt«& ••la r«mbI«lb«o MittohaldlgMi n 

 •11 litl«rl 

Manfrtd Zapp . 



Exhibit No. 164 

l.'ev.- Ycr':, ien 22. April 1930.' 


Dr. ;..3:;fred Zapp, ' 
341 :..a ;ico-. Ave.: ;e ,' 
i*e\v YC'Xv: , ... i . 

A ieber ^ artei -f .os^e Zap I \ 


Hier-.ilt bes^-eti-e Ich Ih;\er; '.en E.~;far.;' Ihresan'i-. 
Vo--el gericrteten 3c :roibe.-is vom ^1. April Is. Js. Die vop, 
Ihnen beirj '"•.lerten 510. — , '''"!>-'r >iie i-^h viel'nals Janke, se^^e ' 
ich als eirien i :f pt' ei.^rr; - vcn. Ihn.e-1 be"T. r~. ,lu-^at' Tc:.n 
an-.i-iad -re . ie n.<^-r- r l.-,c::e z') "eleL t■e^ . 

Un; ,ieden Ir:t jr^i easzuschal'-e'.'i, nioecAte ich Tcch:"alf. 
betoae.'-., Ihgs icM -il-^- -'.ejen ier r>.cs' e.-i •lez' Jer irtsta -s'f'eier 
am 20. Aoril is. Js . nic • verrechne*- .aoe - so beliebtea 3ie 
sich ^edenfalls aus:: iir--.' c^.en - Lonier[i,dass es t:ich vielmehr, 
wie ich Ihnen bereitij telefonisch auseinanderse^zt e , um eia 
leines ...iscverstae:;d;.is handelt. 

Die lartei erwartet Aec.-.t vcn besr>;r^-estellten ^- 
lar':-! jenosL-en -ele.-erit liche fi.ianzielle .ioiiierleistu-as^eh. 
Einer soloi:en sind 3ie, ■.vie ich z\i .iieiaer Freude festttelle," 
durch die Zntrichtua;-] dero:'i_,en. Curiae hier in i.'ev/ York .nach- 

iTeKO'.X'.t; ri. 

Heil Hitler 





(Dr. F. 
Konsul and Ai^eisl^iter 
der Ausl. Lr^:. lev NGDAP. 



Exhibit No. 165 

Now York, den 12. Juni 19>, 

Licbcr Partoljonoaiic ! 

Am DonnerstaK. don 29« Juni dB.Js.. voratiBtalton 
die Mitcliodor dor Reiclvsdoutschon Voreinigunt; gemc-insam 
mit dyn Partoigenooaea und ihrcn Axigohocrlgon eine Hudson- 
Daiapf erf ahrt . Dor Dampfcr verlacsat den Pier 1 an Battery 
Place, Now York City . ( unmlttelbar nobcn dora Pier des De- 
partment of Docku) puonktlich 8 Ulir abends and kohrt, ohne 
untcrwcgs anzulocc-n, gejen 1 Uhr nachta cui die AbfahrtstcHe 
zurucck. Dor Ausflug, dur ia Zcichc-n doa kancradschaft lichen 
Beisamncnaoins atcht, fuehrt bio otwa Nyack, N.Y. und 

Ich mouchte noch crt^acazond hinzufuegcn, daas die 
Tanzmusik von der Kapelic Paucku gostollt wird und die Spci- 
sun und Gctraenkc von einom dcutschen WirtQchaftsbetrlob zu 
den gieichou Preiscn wic on Lruid zum Verkauf i;elangcn. 

Die Tollnchmorkarton zum Preisc von .ic 73 / 
aind Im Vorvurkauf bei P7,, Fritz Zk.>:lLn im Gonoralkonsulat , 
17 Battery Place, Now York City (Zimmor 19^5) erhaeltlich. 

Da die Karten voraussichtlich bald vorgriff en so in 
wordea, bitUe ich. moei^:lieh8t uoj^chcnd von dem Vorverkauf 
Gcbriuch zu ia."'ch.jn . 

Hell Hit,lerl 

Konsul und Kreisleitor 
der Auol.Org.dor ICDAP, 



Exhibit No. 166 

New York, dCn 29. Jjni 1939. 

Liober Parteigcnossu I 

Vor Eintritt w-incr lacx.^'Qri.n SomuitrpauE^. findc-t am ; 

Donnc-rsta^. den 6. Juli.ds.. Js,. puonktlich 8 Uhr ?0 abends 
im KrosGen Saal dor Nov; York Turahr.lle . Lcxiii^Tton Avenue Ecke 
85. Strasse, New York City, tin abschlioscender Kamcradschaftn - 
abend statt, der im Zoichen des Besuehus fuuhrendor deutschor 
Journalisten stcbt. Eine Gruppe von nc-un dv-utachen Schrift- 
leitern, die eine Studienreiso nach Japan, der Eandschurei und 
Nordchina goimicht hat, bofindet sich auf dcm Hcimv/OM^e nach 
Deutschland und vdrd unserer Vcranstaltun,'- bciv/olinen. Z.vci 
ihrer Mitglieder wcrdon dabei das Wort tr^rrdfcn: 

SA-Sturmbannfuohrer Pg. Carl Cranz , 
HauptBChrif tie iter dv.s Voelkischt;n 
Beobachters Burlin, 

wlrd ueber das Themaj 

"Die dcutschu Presse-Dele-'atior. in Japan" 

Gauamtsloiter der NGDAP Pp. Konsul 
Dr, Peter Winkelnkeiapcr , Hauptschrift- 
leiter des Westdcutsch.,n Beobachters, 

wlrd ueber dns Thoma: 


eprochcn , 

Im Anschluss an die Darlejjungen dor Pgg. Cranz und 
Dr. Winkolnkemper wird ein Wochonschaufilm zur Auffuehrung go- j 
bracht worden, dor Jucngsto historischc Ereicnisse aus dem 

Dritten Reich wiedergibt, i 

Es iat Pflicht der Parteiii;enos3.-n. dea Kameradschaf ts - 

abohd bcizuwohaen . Die Anijehoerigen dv.r PeLrteigenosscn sind 

ebeafalls herzlichat oingeladcn. 

Ich bitte Sie, sich bozw. Ihrc Angehoorigen am Saal- 
eingaog auszuweisen. 

t H o i 1 H i t 1 e r J 

Dr. F. Drao^cr ; 

Konsul und Kroisleiter 
der Aual.Org. der NSDAP 


Exhibit No. 167 

1. J^i 1939. 

B«rm Cr*l«l«it«r Dr. F. DrMgar^ 

17 Battery Pl«c«, 
York City, 

••hr g««hrt«r Pg. Vrm•g^r I 

Ihr« 8ttkr«t««rln» Frmculsin Kooh, bat aich ua 
•lA* Auckxinft u«b«r B*rrn Baa»o r<x\ BisaArelc. 

Ich hAtM il«rin von BiuMrclc Im ▼•rfanf«n«n J«h- 
r« in d«r f«r«lnigung Carl Bchurtt ^rch Pg. Wlsasann 
Proyagaadaalnistarlua kannangalamt unA bin seltdaa daa 
haauTlgaran alt liua auearaoMit £ew«s9rt \wA zusaaaan gak( 
In dan acht Monatan, dla iet\ Lhn kanna, konnta ich faatstal- 
lan» daaa ar durchauj trau-dautach gaaonnen und suvarlaaaalg 
lat. fon Amarika, in daa ar v«n iV26 bia 1935 und aiadar ran 
1936 bia Jetzt ^elabt hut, lat ar nlcht angetcraankalt. Ich 
hatta G«legaQli<lt, aehrfach Bit Ihm nach Waaiilngton zu ralaan 
und konnta &uf diasar Relaa stets aain icacaradachaftllchaa 
ferhaltttii achaataan iaruan. Woltanachaulich lat Blauarckf 
«ia jadar guta D«utscha hiar in iualanda diirchaua national- 

loh hoffa, da as Ihnan dieaa Auskunft genuagt und 
ataha Ihnan gam aur Baantaortung weitarar Fragan aur farfua- 

Hall Hitler I 

Exhibit No. 168 


Dr.-uanfred Zapp, 
Gladstoae Hotel, 
ll'* i^ast 52nd. Street, 

Hew York, den IJ.Jull 1939 


Puer den von Ihnen Obervrlcaenen Botrag ron S 2.— * 

laase Ich Ihnen bellle/^end xy Y? ff <f rViMH^ii^*iM*i;iii,fiek!fW^ 

1 Reichsparteita^smarke 1939 ( $ 2. — ) 

H e 

( Geier ) 

e r i 

-->. i a r .j»fi.^-:»-a 




Exhibit No. 169 

.^9b«r BrcolijRii-ooso 

Sobet^n, die di«o4«.«hn w SHuLa 5» »*« ;"9lcMspart«l« 

a • 1 

t 1 « r I 

( oftisr ) 

Exhibit No. 170 

uu'l r.«iK-J<^.M. Av^-.i.'ie , Hew York Hit.v, 




Fas Prcgramm sieht neben ttunikaliBChen. Partietungoa 
dcr Eapelle F.rriSt Paucke, der vrn. cir>fer ^rappe vcn Parteif^e- 
rrjsfien uu+:er Leitring von Pg, Kexjic Nluer.z ^esprocher.fin ur.d 
gesungenea Eantata "HeXlig Vaterlajcd" sovde krispr' Ii< 
die Auffiehrjr..p; des grossen deutscher. Kriep;Df ilir.oR 

•'Pour le M4rite" 

und eii.os weiteror^ dtj*:scheii Filmes vt. 

r^r Reirer'*:rt>p: dinner vrjteTlhfinAl:\oY.>hn Verar.nt.-ilt'inK 
kocK-t ■xj.ser'bu hinsiFg.n in Kot p:P;r:.-^(ir.ori Volkst;;cr.csncr. zugate, 
F.s iBt Elr-rer.pflicht eller Parf-ipenosseri 'jjr.d itjer Ar.gchoiirl- 
gen, der PtJrteigeder.kfeier am 9. Iloveif.her ds, Jr;. beizawjhnen. 

Die Elatrjttskaxt-en ain. Preise von 75 Cei.t-.L. 5r-. 

Vorv&rka'if b«i Pe^, Kor.sjl&t38«kr*j+-,a'-ir Vorjel im Genertilkcnsu- 
lat, 17 Battery PIhco, New York City, zi hnr-r.. 

*I.cli bitte Sie dririger.dGt, dio F,iiilasskart-,e.'ri ■imp; ^-h end 
bei Pg. Kcr.siltttSBeliretaor 7op;cl za b'isorpi'jr. b^^zw, tolcfo- 
nisch Oder sohxiftlicb iii^-.^T E! i.n^ii'i' 'l«;r5 '.i.nfjpT-"ch<-^r.d'ii 
Geldbetrages zu beatellen, 

H-il Hitler I 

Br. F, Dra'og«,-r 
Kcr:usul juid Kt^J si ei fcer 


Exhibit No. 171 
^^^ «*-» Y'.rk, n'l. ^3. B^vi. 1959. 


Ft^. Koi.r^ultitu.s'krot-.uer V-.r'' 1 u:: .F-o^or. ,; nclirif tllch 

i! ^ . }; i t 1 e r I 



Exhibit No. 172 

;t)eutfd)cs 0cneralkonfulat 

German Consulate General 

nero TJorh.den i.Januar 1940. 
17 "Bottery piocc 

fai jtmt nflj pJaa*e ro(cr to : I 

Lieber Parteigenoase Dr. Zapp 1 

Hiefai-t \,octa.ft] err ^^-h Il-j^en tLit 

in Hoe he von 

(DolIarTTunf ), 

11"?'^n der g»?3trfarideteK Seeleute 
des Lfafupfira "'",': lunh jfs" V^rw^iadar.f^ fir.iot. 

Mit deutsch^.-  -- : 
Hail Hitler 1 

(Dr. F. 
Knr^ul / 


D^.Jianfred ^app, 
ClAdetont! Hotel 
114 Sast 52nd Street 
New York City. 

«»ay33i**«6:=-ssF,.'5i. ?-<!wCif>wmiT.i..:i>,x...a"^3fc- 



Exhibit No. 172 (continued) 

Bm tork City. 


B«w Tork, d«n 12. D«s«ab«r X938. 

H«rm Xonaul Dr. F. Dravger 
^•utsohas GwMrslJconsuIat 
17 Battery Pl«c« 
■•« lorK City. 

8«hr c**^^*r Part«lg*nosa« Dra«g«rt 

An (l«r ■•ihiuiohtafelar aa 16. Dasaabar 1938 varda i«h 

laldar aioht tallaataaaa, da leh aorgan naoh Europa fahra« 

Hail Hitlarl 

ManTrad Zapp, 



Exhibit No. 173 

REICH8VERBAND S85 east 45 8Trkbt, isth floor 


lu slain daat el^e 


29. April 1940 

H«rrn Dr. Manfred Zapp 
Trenaeoeen Hewa 3«rvle« 
341 Badlson AT«nue 
New York, N.Y, 

lie bar Zapp: 

In Beataetlgune Ihrer Zeilen ▼om 25. or. telle ich 
XtmeB mlt, dass ich einen Durebschlag Ihres Setirelbens 
jalt der Anlage naeh Berlin weitergegeben habe. loh habe 
einen Icurzen Brief dazu K«sc^i'i«ben, von dem eine Absehrlft; 
belgefuegt ist. 

Hit den beaten GruaFsen und 

Heil Hitler! 



Leiter der Aua Ian da ate lie 
New York Im HDP 




Exhibit No. 174 

S9. April 1940 

Relatowwrtawt der dcutschan }ros:io 
H^ pt g« ■ebae fX 8 at* 11* 
B*rlla « 3S 
riarsartoistrass* 16 

AA S. April ■rschlea In der :ie«a«««K minm kltlellua^, «onaeh 
H«rr Or. I'.nnfrv4 Ij^p:: us <11« ui.fn .Ls« ia ulo Asaoelatl*n of 
Vi»r«l0i >'rass Correspondeats nacii^eaucht hastts, (11« Iha fiber 
▼erw«l' ert -^orien «eor«. ;;u ;.«rr Dr. .*pp, ale !• HacUrlcht er- 
sehittn. In Cbl«af;e tfcllta, auaate leh aelne huacr. r;«br abvarten, 
bavor Ich die ^acUa Alat;r*u\ <>.onnte. 

loll war klr sofort la: :.l rv^ti durueber, dnss cle Ueli.uo^: nloht 
■tlaiMa koonte, wall Harr I'X. Zapp air alobarllch, vena mr die 
\bnlafct rahnbt heetta, <:cr Auaov.i>i;ioa 1 eizutr' len, nnvoa .-.caBtala 
Kefraben taabaa auarde. Ka atallt* alob daaa tetaaaeblloh auch h»T~ 
aoe, dtiae ea slch bel der Mtlallunt, ('er /lavsaeaK ua e Ine jener 
typlachtB Lua^an handelta, denen nlr Deutactien Jatzt In dor nats- 
preaaa rahr feon Je ntis# eaetat alnc* 

I'arr T'r. ^app )kat nUa un\<rai a'-i. A,t.rl 1 ir. Attr An^^lecaabalt 
auf aalaa Taraolaaun noeb elnan Brief Kc^chrlabao, ▼on dea elne 
Abachrlft belgefueKt lat . .uci flndea -ila In der -^niaga 0la ^b- 
aehrlft alnea Jebralbeaa der Association of 7or«l^ freaa Corras- 

ponCaots an die .eaaweeK, TOr. caa harr .r. ^a;;p In 6«i.iea brief* 

Der FkII lat somlt reatloa Retclaert wordan. /-^Ine Abscnrlft 
dlasea ichr' onbo \.ai\, Ihr IlI .TerstMendnia Toraii33c tzaad. 
Harm Dr. ^pp xur Verfue^un^- geatellt. 

Hell :iltleri 

A./H:DJK jjH 

Abachrlft fuar Harm Dr. Zapp. 



Exhibit No. 174 (continued) 

AShland 4-2070 




Reception mih ^hnur 









AT 7:00 O'CLOCK 



reply, not lal 
payab!*" to 

for this 
fr than 

short notirp, we «>hoaId appreciate receiving an early 
Saturday morninp. March 4th . . . Please make checks 
of Trade for German-American Commerce. Inc. 



Chairman of the Executive 


274778— 40— pt. 2 21 



Exhibit No. 175 



ROOM 1923 

irt •'Xl Pl£AS€ «tF« TO 


1.) "Fac*-s In f^vifn", a wcckl; bulletin. 
Vol. 1. 19?9 No. 1. - ]9. 
Vol. II. IS*;- Mo. 1. - 2t. 

2.) Fac»E and Figures about ueroEjiy. hcprir.ted 
from Anerleana Ajinual for 1959. 

;.) Exchr.n<p of Cof^.unicat 1 onp bt'.feen the 
Presi'.mt. of the United SViti: and the 
Chancellor of th« Geraan Kelch, April 1939. 
I.. cued Kay 19:9. 

4,) Gpnncn ^hite Book. Docuaen'.s Concti-nlnt the 
Last Phate of the Gem?ji-PoUEh Crltls. 

Septacber 19?9. 

J.) Germ"n '^hric'nas "-ero-C ani Chris'iiis Toys- 
Chrlr. 'r.-ia 1339. 

G.) PoUsh Acti of Atrocity Af.&inE' the ^emi-n 
V'inority ir. Poland. April 1940. 

7.) Flc'-orlal Rejwrt of Polish Atrocities. 
April 1940. 

e.) Geram ^'•'hite 3ook . Docuotits on thfc tvents 
precedin. the Outbrfcfck of the *ar. 
July 1940. 

9.) Cenr.en l.lili.e Book. Brltein's Desifns on 
Norway. August 1940. 

«lt*« /D3«tSS *IL Ca-.WCN f- 0««S TO TMI GCVVtAN lllfAKY Of II*<WMAT10N 


Exhibit No. 177 

iOfi llTeraid* OrlT«* I«w Tork. 

Or.H«ins B«Il«r, 

Ctemui LlbrftiT of XafoarantioA 

IT Bst terjr Fla««. 

W«w Torlt City. 

Mwr Sr.lallar: 

S«pt«iiUb*r 2f , 199* 

lA fteoordaao* wltli yomr rtt^a««t I li««nnth oooftrm our Terbftl 

1) I a«r«« to pzvparo for "Facts in R«Ti«w'* Ais««ta of ouoli 
material aa 70m flaaa at ajr Aiapoaal teou *im to tlM. 

t) I aluill b« fflaA to prapara m.«^ artlolas iatarpratlaiK tha 
Oanaan poiiit of Tiav baaai oa data furniahad by jmk, as «a 
■ay froB tiraa to tiaa a^raa apon. 

3} I a^ll hold iqraalf in raadiaaas for aditorial enisultatioiia 
with you at Hutually oonreniant tiaaa. 

4) My ocBpajojiation will b* #600. >., payabla aoothly in advanoa. 

6) This arraagaaaat aay b« oaneellad by aithar party on threa 
■oatb€k' jsotioa. 

6) la the, I trust, rsaota aontia^ieBey of a break betvean the 
Dbitad Statea and aenaaoy. we are both aut<»atioally raleasad 
froB aay obli^tioa flowing froa this agraasMat. 

It ia alao uaderstood, in aecordanoe with your wishes aa well as 
■ine, that I shall not be asked to prepare or edit aay aatter 
derocat<^y to the United States, or to undertake any editorial 
aasifaaoat which could possibly ooafliat with Aiaeriean lava aad 
«7 dutiea aa an Aaarioan eitisen. I welooae cooperation with you, 
becauae X can thiak of no sore important taak froa the point of 
▼ iew of fair play and the Baintenanee of peace between your ooontry 
and aine than to present to the Aaerioan public a picture unblurred 
by anti-Qera&Q propa anda of the great conflict now unhappily 
waging in FUrope. 

BelieTe ae. 

Sincerely youra, 

"^ aigaedt Oeorge Sylvester Tiereok 

aignedi Heias-Bellar* e, ..■ ::.__;ii,.;,. ^i^j^.^.^? .-.iSi .,u?-.v^^;.>^^-;-.=...^;,r:v<55H*a» 


Exhibit No. 178 

De««it«r, 12, 1939. 


, Pccert J, Folsoji, 
80 Fsarscc^ Road, 
I4. -Sfi!|af?TtU5t- J*«£a- 

1 D«ar 8lr :- 

I ackno«l«<l4« your l«tt«r of Dvccabor, 10* A* pmr 
r*qu»ft I am seAdln.. you CTiS wan tod ««t«rlal with rogorda 
to tha aiiiclai (i«>rB&a rapl/ to tha British Bloa Book. 

In orde.- to, mora datailad aatarial I adTlaa you 

to gat in touch witn th<^ 


f.e^'Tjan M*)^-»i*y o*" I^fonastlcn, 

17 Bnt'.arv -Ikc^*, 

Yours very truly. 

fricrei ?cpp 


Exhibit No. 179 


( NO SIG ) 

R 3 1052AMEST XC 



Exhibit No. 180 







Tcl«v>am ft (~Kfa4*' 
mntrt vr^ym iti tic- 
rnrcd cKar*ct*r u ifv 

vr*"^>oi »tHT«« or pt»> 

Exhibit No. 181 


UNION ""' 

M.  WMITti 

:ti8::mi7 WJ ?»■•»■ 


TW atteg IMm altewa tt tto d*t> .:M «« tr;.xT*a> umI daj tM*«n> i> STA» I>AiU> TIME U »«CM ol or«i^ Tum af r*o tpt ti STAN &J[Kl> TUl K mi ^ewt b( <|MrUMttaa 

NBJ465 VIA RCA=CD BERLIN PRK2230 17 27/2250 

NYK (ROOM 806 341 MADISOfJ AVE )« 


« \.i^' ^,i; 

r0515 Q^Tit 

mt coMr»\T mil. AfPkKri^TK M"«*it*TMix!« mnu ii* rATwi)* o•^*"KH• .v«. n;* -KRvtca 



Exhibit No. 182 




Tranaocean News dervice 
5^1 Madison Avenue 
New Ifork, N.lf. 

T>l*ptieM: ICMii>9 6fMii «-U24 | 

RCX3M 1923 
den'29.Juni 19^0 
m iwiv ruAS oBtn to VlIIc- -i/M 


llr bestjitigen den Bapfang des Orifjlnqltextes 
des Interviews von Dr. Karl Bomer. 

Heil Hitler! 

Dr. M. Schraitz 




Exhibit No. 183 




T«l»pl>OM: BOvlinq GrMK rS224 

ROOM 1923 

IN ftW-Y PUAS£ Mfa TO 

I C : AT. 

:U Jul! li^lO 

Herra i^rnst ^-ot z 
Trr;i:>oo'?Cin '"ers 
Zll Madison ^.vs. 

NeK ior'-, 'A.'i . 

Sehr f^oehi- ?r i'srr Kotz, 

In Best" aeti -ung uniierer h2U*i-7^n fern- 
nmenJll -:.on Un*" :rnalt:ua}: bitte icn oie, ier 
Ir;f ionsMMio*^ iie'c Auszues^e aus dam so*?': >;n 
vero^eff Gilt lien*-, en 5. Dout sor.jn Voissbuc.i in 
englis^h^r t.prache zu uob^rsendon. Vie uns 
-I'^lchzelt 1? von ar-^lls'mr S-?i*- e rl*- 1 ■* M It 
.!r;, ist U3ber Iransoeecin d5e Vl-^i;': ■• 1 e einas 
Ar*: :"■ ;-1 - I-;-r '"Ciir.^ sscnvlf- "P-!rli r.-Foi"-Toklo" 
£t'3T':-ni /'  Old .n. Ich v.aere Thn;'n fu.'r len en^- 
lIscnjnTe:'- ai;s:;S Ar*: i'ols sb^nral's i'nk; ar. 


i>i- "^ ^ ^^ 


I <^ — ^ 




Exhibit No. 184 

9. Jul! 19*0 

Uarrn Dr. Scnaltt 

Oaraan Library of 


17 Battary Placa, 

Naw ^orK, N. Y. 

8ahr (aehrtar Harr Dr. Schaltc I 

Dntar Basufnahaa auf unsar hautigaa Talftfon- 
gaapraach arlauba ich mlr, Ihnan in dar Anlaga dan angllachan 
Orlslnaltaxt uabar das dautacha Walsabuoh Rr. 6, ao via wlr 
Lhn ▼on B«rlin arhaltan hab«n,xu uabaralttaln. 

Olalchxaitis fuaga loh auf Taranlaaavms t«i 
Harm Dr. £app ain Funkblld uabar dan  Puahrar Bfflpfanf in 
Barlin aa 6. 7. 19*0 • «u Ihrar avantuallan Varwandung bel. 

Mit dautach«m Oruaa t 
!■ Auftraga t 

diri H. LakmU. 




Exhibit No. 185 





ROOM 1923 

Sep. 15, 1939 


Harm Dr. Manfred Zapp, 
341 Madison Avenue, 
New lork, N.JT. 

Sehx s^ehrter Herr Dr. Zapp ! 

Haben Sie hcrzlichen Dank fQr die Kopio 
Ihrer Rede "The Position of the Individual 
in i^rmany", die una zweifellos fiir unsere 
Arbeli, von Nutzen sein wird. 

Heil Hitler! 



tlCA« A0Cl«t:5 'W.l CO*WI.NlC*''lOHS TO TM£ GCRM*N HWlAdY Of N«Oe*WlON 




CLAJs or Sntvid 

TcUyrsm or CsbU- 
vram urvt««« tn «!•- 
tarred ch*r«cfe* m trv- 
d>c — d br B ■uitsbW 
wftmhot above of p«v- 
oadif^iK* • SAt t m 

Exhibit No. 186 



I* •. WMITB 










»aT -OM. »«^ u« 


Tte &ltn« Ua>»*faown la tte dal* Ium ob udavraua and <Ur Wtun toSTANDAKU TIME at po4aft«< arisu. T>— W r aoaip t ti gTAKi/AKPamEal twttat s4 i^ tini la 


11 EAST 45 ST« 


Tn coKTiin vnx AmucuTS •coocmon raou ira rATVura ootKBumra m i 


Exhibit No. 187 

Ajra SSf X940. 


i«l4nf M%«9i« ?»«•«• 

OMT »• S%MM%««IV9 

X WBt to tlisBk jw mpmiallj for ilw lat«r«»tiiis i]i%«rvi«« 

X 9«t aaA X «iU ewrtaialjr i^« yott at yoitr «M« and taka 

Urn Utaviv «f Mlliat ta jos Mxt vaak asuia* 

X m MoAtac 7«ft« «i I g>wafi» tt» foil t«c« af tte «Mi« 

HigiMii «hit« BMk <»<M»alBit ftte Aa^taaeato f aoaA la ^afaao 

f^gaffrttNt tmriQwrn f aml«B paUiir* 

ncy sittaaraly 7«Mrat 




Exhibit No. 188 

«^r 6tl^ 1940 

Dr. MmafvA Uipp 
low lorkf I. T* 
tear ur, Z«ppi 

fllBM Mr. teahtla la Ul ftM wlli pr«b«ibl/ m% 
b« at t(a> ofrio* for * voA t 90f I m rrltiac jrou rofarOias 
tM propoMd pwibllofttloa of tb* fallsb C»ouB*ot«, 

Mr. E!arUQ[r '>rtitt«a *ia« azauinKi %ha (iocuwiais 
«na 1« a»« proccocdi^ to *rlt« ths foreword^ snioA vUi oeaVai^ 
Ml •xplt&n<^tia& of t'liJ iAp*rWoc« of pubXlci^af tuoM t&ootMM«t«« 
M wU •• • bi«V>ri«r*» Advloo •■ th» dotMhkU aitituA* «lt)i 
vhieb thav aboula b« mmwI. 

lttJM»« tlM Musafaotur* of %h» Ut^k, vte ooAaUtgr 
«f tb» •cition. ana ottMr uaimllBp vili ^••paait M y»ttr •«• 
«rr«a«eaiiaU, vt «U1 awit MrC fros yoa aiiteU a (Uy or ■•• 

fary iroly your** 



Exhibit No. 189 



t^^TE ft^ ioth, 1940 

FSOM. gp. SertdLB 



•r. WUmo 

fit^ PffUP ffgOBaar^^^>?rf 9f ^h> (^s^-gjrjyTg f4ff,SB 

1* TtM ^eoKral dasigo of thl* book la to follow ibst of tte MUaiCAl WBCTl 
riPSR, {KOtllshod tQT Slaoo & 8e*n«t«r. The laaids etook ia iterroB<s 70 lb. 
■AtiqiWc ?1» ooTor 9to«di !• Varr*B*s I>«Hitre CUUsM eoT«r («bii»)» 5 points 
thlckMM. TtM book ia botnc vith thr«« ati^laa. 

2. ^|M Fa««. Tha ^rp« ar*a ia 35 piois, to b« Mt io B«A«ndll« U on 17. 
If 70U do not ttin tM.s foot oa haindl, osa Caalan Old St^la U od 17t 
or Cteraaoad Intcrtjroc, or Qraojoa U oa 17* Tba TfAgu will t«ka 29 linac 
plua tba pa<« haadiiBg*. The Mrgiaa of tbo folio ara to follow tha atprl* of 
tba AttSRXCiJt WHITS ?tfU, Tba eonr toe tba tast, tba forawrd, tha titl* 
pa<« ttoc ooiigrricht pttg* ia attelaaod, ti^tbar witt VP«C?«»U-m1 teaifM 
for all tbaaa paga* and for ehaptar baadings. 

3* For a priBtiai thla «ia«, X tak* it yoa will aaka platM. 

i* Tha daaiia for tba oorar la analeaad. Ttie top paaal ia vidta «ith • 
to pt. UUa priatod in blaek. Tba bottoa paaal ia Uoa, tba oeler of 
Sipraad miaaata lqk» Sqtialiaad Bleo ytH, Tba ^.«9 p^oela ar« 4iTldad by a 

blauA 12 pt. ml*. Tba lagaad, •ThU taxi..., corarawat" is 

Mt in 36 pt. a and le, and priotad ia bladt. Tba lioa, "Tor^word by 
C. Bartl^ Orattaa" is ia 30 pt. « and la in rawrss, tlaa sboaliw tbrso^ in 
whits. Tba bsok of tha eovar <rlU. hara a halftone ciit of ooa of ths srifinl 
doowaDts eith as Italie oaptloa undartMsth it» 




Exhibit No. 190 

^. Willlaa Soskln, 
Kevr Xork, i*.i- 

1. I jwi'bi repi'f sent wid -•^rmt Hi? t I ui tne ■.rent 

for tne Ue.tPches V.-rip^- A^chntrF -e, derlln, <j^nMinjr 
who rre tiw o«nere of certain docuaeiitii t.«iit><tlTeI^ 
«.;io*n se .»^H 'A.-i wi^it bi.vk XCU'tNT.;, pn<l who are 
laxloup to nfi^otlale the 8«le tr.ereof to you. 

£. 1 RJi autftorlred b> thea Ai U;elr B<<eiit to, nxid d6 hereby 
e«li, t selgn, t;r«nt i»n»i ooiivey to you tne 90ie nni 
Rxc' iplvp rignt to puoilah tne lAia docu^iente In ttie 
Unlteo St^tee of Aaeiloa had C«nF. da and do nereby autnor- 
Ite jou Iri your lu .«e to V'xc ' ny flft.i ail ptrpa reojlred 
to secure co^jrlgnt, In the United Sttstep of >'j>erlcji and 
Cm>t. da . 

i. in brnoif or .lyfielf pna Jiy prluolpBi \f- authorize jou In 
our iiaae na pialntlfJ or co-pialntl/; to br'.n*' ruiy acton 
or proceed'.n^ for trie enJoln'Uf; of any Infrln e jent In the 
co,yriK''»t ^i» -he i»aln work, an;', for any ca tta^es i-eejltlnt^ 

4. 'r ^'irriiit piii coverwiit tn t tne rale worn nnr ot her'tofore 
oeeii p-iQilnhea in the 'JulteQ iJtri.»-«> of ^>jerlc8 f-iul ^nne .«; 
ta'.t It 1b. Iniiocedt a.-/; contt-lne no .*<tter wclc.*., If j/ib- 
llaheU, wlil oc L beiouF or which v<iil !ufrin»:e upon «ny 
pro^rl'tf.r^ rlfjnt ( t coaion luw or any «t(. tutory copyright 
or ai»j pem.l law ph'. m t •»«■ wl hold h/nleaB and oef*" d 
^ou .'•isalnfl tuy puch cJL l.i, ae wrjd or recovery b]f reason 
of tuj viol' tlon or repree en wp Hone , "^rrantlee rnd covenante 
dereln coathlned, or by reiipon of any vloi-tlon of p-roprletary 
rlgat or copyrl/r.t or any Injuries oi iLeioue aattpr In the 
■■aid rorit hm to ot projiptiy with re..? r j to euch aefense, 
r.nd, if jOU Piitil /Ive ue notice o; any clplas, deian e o: 
sulup, and such tlae c;p tne rxlgenclea of tne pltu'tlon oer- 
jlt. In hie:, to uJtdert<*Jte /my defenaee, then If default ehall 
be aede oy ua, yoa f^re granted tne rlgnt to juike such def.»na« 
nnti to t/i4e such action rs you a*j oe ndwlped, sod the coats 


Exhibit No. 190 (continued — 1) 

And eouiuel feei Ui«refor together mlUi any .isaagee tt«r«- 
for a&All b« tM>rn« bjr us. 

Xou Afrs* to publlflA the uook la suoh fora aa to production, 
aiatrlbjtlon aoa iidvertislnt*: 6a ^ou deea t>^Bt» provided, 
however, th«t >ou a^ree to pu'^llen an edltlot: to be die' 
trltMted la ^be ueual ch&aneie of trade at tiot letio than 
Oae (li.OO) Dollar retail eelll. g price. Xou eball tu^ve 
the rlRht, rowever, lo eell tne raae la bulk at prleett to 
t>e fixed by you. 

ft. ^a are to jfteke pa^ aent to ae ae t<gent for toe DautNohng 
ferlag itochetiinese, i*erlln, ti^r^any, of royaltlee lo the 
followlog suaei 

(a) On all uooke dletiibu'.ed io the ueaal cni^nnels, ten 
iiO^) peroent of toe r- tall eelllOK price. 

<b) un all ealea where the trade discount la fifty {bO%) 
percent or sore fro4 the retail tielllag price, then, the 
percfrQtaeire of royalties nhall ue calculated on the net 
aaoint received. 

(o) Ho royaltlea afiall be ^id oa copies furnished 
gratis for revlev, advertlsli^, saaplea or Ilk* purpose. 

(a) iitate and Federal taxes on royalties vhen pr^ Id by 

you In our behalf are proper chAr^ee agalnet our earnlnge 
under this agreement sua laay be eltlihela by you. 

(e) If the work shall beeojae uoealeabis, you wy sell 
raaalalng copies as *re.«ilnders*. If tne aaount secured 
for resalndeis be lees th^^n the cost of production, then 
QO royalties ehftH be paid. If the price exceeds the coet 
of produetloo,' you shall pay ten (lOS^) percent of the amount 
paid to yiM ov^r toe oont of production. 

(f) You aAl to send to us royalty etateaents during 
August and 'Vbru<rry of each year as of June 30th and 
Deoaaber 9^t(» »a<^ payable October -'1st and April 30th. 

if) Or all orders procured by ue prior to publlc*>tlon, 

you %111 PA/, aa Xf royalty as «^nd ^en atonies are received 
by us oa aeeount thereof. 



Exhibit No. 190 (contimird — 2) 


^ur 0li<;n&turt> whrre iodicfitcd vlll ooiuiXltutt 
this doiftor&iuiua na agrceaient fiwtV9«n (le. 

V«r3r tSMJLjr jfOMOTB 

i:\iiii;iT No. 190 (continued — 3) 

■or 1940 ^^^^^^^1 

Or. WaafT9d lapp 


UX Badiaoa AvMM 


■•• 7oct» 1. T. 


O—r Dr. >««)?« 


X «a Madtag j«fu tld« aoto m • Maorsadtfi af mt 

eoBfvrMUoa ihU MraUtf. St tJ»t Um yau AMiiMd m Ufti m 

wcvlA b« abls to Mil 

o ■Imi—i of lOfOOO oopiioa of ttao PoiiiinU, 

p*rte#« V5tOOO MplMi 

, to lad&vidwlo ojid groiyg of jo«r ongoolit' 

tUMM Mi tMMlMM t 

ioo«Jjito«» 40 I owaotaort to ro«t m «o«Li 

b« «wkl« to ttatertite tte •Mtly U^—to—t «lA«b tte prittUi* «r 

tM to firtOOB thOtWUrt OOpUO «Ml4 MM WlOM W9 VMld kfttV 

fiyiwiBt to odr«MM or 

«a 0(pdr«IoBi fUMoatoo for iwvaoot fbr Um 

1 booto Hpoft (toUroiy* 

Ao I oadortteoi lt» fm «Ul bo oblo to 

orraafo tkU tor tte atAdlo or lottor ysrt t mat «Mk» «t vtdok 

tlM «• «in bo roo^ 

to ooBd tbo botk to proM* Tbo prftoo of 

tbo book to tte purobMoro of Urfo qvwtUtioo «U1 bo la tto 

aol«a)«rtaood 9t flf^ 

to oixly ooato por ooar* Tbo rotoil prieo 

olU bo obMt I1.35 •? tl.9e yor oofgr. 

Voiy tndy fourOf 



. FiMit J. BMbiiB 





Exhibit No. 191 






' i 






ivm U«b. IMe 


lorri«t««B, P*. 




17000 Stmrna Whit* 


h . 


per eG|i}r 


Tbit It » t^Hm* 
Tth^tm or OWa' 

ianti dbancftr fa tek* 

Exhibit No. 192 

m^ UNION "*' 

1 I  .1 II III ,m.*<f rf«««4SK»tT 

'' tnaou 



i«.T-f>iiimiiiii»n I 

k. .•*•---!: 


K^ ' -\ »t t^l 

IIBJU7 5 SEP»=H0RR?8T«Wfl PHMN 17 1259P 
11 tAST 45 8T- 

■-s:'\ \7 r:.i j h 


T8C aoumrr iriu. ^praxcuTS «uo<icaTio>a nou its fAtauxs ooNcsunKo m <nmca 


274778 — 40 — pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 193 

tir. ■11116a Soeitln 
11 t.*pt 4oth Street 
iJfW I'oi-k City 

De«r Sir: 

aecel^t Is nf^reby a cJuiow lodged of the sua of 
Four Auud:ed and thirty Srven and 50/100 (1^7.50) 
Dolla^, Oelng pay a*nt In full on the flrnt Inetel- 
lent under the contract between you ana the Morrit- 
town Frees. 

I understAHd that on slall^r nay sent of Pour hundlre4 
and thirty aeven and 60/100 ($437.50) Dollare, belnc 
apde to «e, If, ae, and when the second payoeot If 
received by >ou, then Z will then have been paid In 
full on aocoant of this order. 

Kt^i^-iT\if\ima:^:^i^:i-.^'j\^f-.: t- 

. jgcj 


Exhibit No. 194 





September 9, 19^ 

HoTiel ., Soskin ♦; Co. , Inc., Fuhliahers, 
11 East A5th :>treet. 
New York Jity. 

Gen tie men : 

I received from you yesterday another copy of the 
Geman propaganda idiich you are circulating, "Ihe Geraan 
White Paper", which came to n^ office address, 734 - 15th 
Street. Sotaetlme ago a copy caiBft to my hane address, 
3205 R Street, at which tins I wrote you in no uncertain 
terraa to take my name off of jrour mailing list. You 
replied that tre publication might have come from the 
^onrood Press in Pennsylvania, and while you did not 
directly disdain having mailed it, I also wrote to 
theta, Siey did not bother to answer. 

The copy I l»vo just received was postmarked at New 
Yoric and cane direct from you, I must ask that yon respect 
ny wishes in seeing that my name is not on any of your 
mailing lists, I am again returning your publication to 


Tours truly. 

H. A. 3ray | 



Exhibit No. 195 
fievenu^s of tli" oen-sn Reilroads InforiMtSon Offices, 1933 to 19^0 Incl 


1 j.c c :).■: 

1 J, c .0 

1 J, r .0 

1 '}. r .c 

1 0, r c .0 

1 0, c o .c c 

1 0, .0 

j ij, r .0 o 

1 0, c .0 o 

1 J, c .i: 

1 0, f ,0 o 

1 0,0 0.^ 

1 0, r o .0 
6, r .0 

1 7,0 0.0 
5 .0 C 

1 5 3, 50 ■>.C * 


1 0, r 0.0 

1 6, 5 .0 

1 J, n d .0 

1 6, .0 

1 0, r .0 

1 D, f .0 
6, .0 
1 6, P .0 C 
1 6, .0 
1 J, .0 

1 'J, r c .'J c 

1 6, C .c c 

2 J, .0 
1 6, C .C 
1 4, f ;.■ 2 .5 2 
1 1,4 7 7. /i 8 

2 r 8,0 o.-o • 

la -  * * 

1211 1. 5 6 .t; 3 
1,6 6.^.'' 3 
1 5. C .0 
6. 6 6 .3 7 
•J 5, .0 
1 5, .0 O 
1 5, C O .0 O 
1 5, Q O 0.0 O 
1 5, < : C .0 O 
8, 5 .0 
1 5, C O .0 C 
1 0, .0 
1 0, .0 
1 0.0 0.0 c 
1 0, C .0 
1 0, .0 
1 0, O .0 

1 8 \ 3 3 6 .i 3 • 

nu * 



--' 2 0, f ' . : 


1 Z,0 .0 

5, .0 

1 0,0 


1 2, .0 

1 ;), r .0 

1 o,o 

C .0 

1 2,0 0.0 

1 4, 4 <i 2 .8 5 

2 0,0 


J 5, 5 .0 

2 0, C .0 

? 0,0 


1 2, .0 

1 J, ^ .0 

1 8,0 


1 2, .0 

1 ,},C 0.0 

1 1,0 


1 2,0 C O.CC 

1 0, O .0 

1 1.0 

C 0.0 

1 2, .0 C 

1 5, .C 

1 l.f^ 


1 2, .0 

] 5, C .0 

^ 6, .0 

1 a, .0 

1 5, 0.0 

2 6,0 


1 O,0 C 0.0 

1 5. .0 

3 l,o 

.0 c 

1 0, C .0 

7, 5 .C C 

1 l."" 

r. n 1- 

2 0, C .0 

3, 7 4 .C C 

1 5,0 O.OC 

2. 5 .0 C 

1 0,0 0.0 

1 1,2 5 0.0 

2 5,0 

C .0 • 

2 0,C 1 0.0 

I 8 6, 5 f, « 

1 0, .0 

2 1 4, 4 i: 2 .e 5  


— — 1 0.0 0.0 

1 4,0 


1 O.O 0,0 

1 4,0 


1 0,0 0.0 

1 8,0 


1 0, C .0 0. 

,,^t.-, -'^^^^^ 

1 8,0 


1 0, C .0 


.0 & 


1 8,0 


5 0, O r; r-> ,r. ,-, ^ 

1 8,0 


,\.rt • '• 

1 4,0 



.0 c. 

^ ^ 

1 3 9,0 0.0 O • 

f J,l^t7Sl-lt 




Exhibit No. 195A 


30. November 1939 

Sehr geehrter Herr Doktorl \ 

Am Mittwoch, den 6.Dezemt)er, abends 
7 Uhr, trifft sicb, in melner Wohnung im 3. Stock 
des Hauses 11 West 57.Strasse eine Anzahl Leute 
des Informationsdienstes der Berlin-Rom Achse zu 
einem ganz informellen Abendessen. 

Es wuerde mich sehr freuen, wenn Sie 
mitmachen koennten mad ich waere Ihn^n dankbar, 
wenn Sie mir bis Montag Nachmittag durch Anruf 
im Buero Wickersham 2-0224. Ibren Bescheid geben 

Mit den besten Gruessen und 

Heil Hitler I 



Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp 


New York,N.Y. 



_ . _ t 



Exhibit No. 197 

Law HENCE Dkxxi'S 

.»o Wall SrwrKT 
New '^'oitii 

July ?6, 1959, 

Dr. F. Auhagen, 

Aiflevicijn Fellotrship Forua, 
11 We?t ^2aa Street, 

New York, N. Y. ' 

Dear Fritz: 

I ftncloFe the s«-'Cond article. I have enclosed within 
pencilled blocks a few s'-ctioni^ which might be loft out of 
the publirhed piece if you find it neceppar;,' to shorten it. 

I think it makes a good series. The thira piece on 
the cures of the crisis will link the New Deel, Na^irm ami 
Fascism along with the Eritish Re over, (ieasurer under the 
Tory Government and state the essential problems of work 
creation nni relief which all these Folutitins have to meet. 
This, I think, is a swell attack on the protleai for your 
purpose. It completely blanks tht=^ fire of the Government 
and Libernl crowd and it will even aoure and please the 
reactionaries more than it annoys them — to have the ^ev Deal 
linked with Narisia. The big point is that it is foolirJ; 
for a country running one type of unorthodox econoay to dajan 
Germany, It?.!;,' or any other country- for running a similar 
type of unorthodoxy. 




Exhibit No. 

197 (continued — 1) 

Lawsxmck Dehxis 
New YoMx 


Lf;ar Auha<'«'n: 

I tmcLorr- 'h M» 
econoail c-pol i tl • 

aent anu oecre;, : 

!n the Vurin^-fj' 
of rtai»*n'it, ion. ih^ 
in thfs courf n-f \h 
tfaes flrrt, v 
BRtarf ''" •■ 

■X, * ': f^ 

-< . b 



BOFPf 'jniJ ••• 


|t c • 

Let's have lunch - 

f ,-,,•  

. h- 

'' •  ■, 

X^ta*, ^ 

Mil." <> • r. 

/Li.<*C £^ 


/^ i^. 



— - 




Exhibit No. 197 (continued — 2) 



MVrrtV BUI t-tim 

MVTTUt BUI s-aoiT 


TBimgrmmts : 

1. April 19/;0 

Herrn Dr. Manfred Zapp 
" The Drake " 
Lake Shore Drive 
Chicago, 111. 

Sehr geehrter ilerr Doktnr I 

Ich bestaetlge Ihnen hiermlt unser heutiges Telefon- 
gespraech, auf Grund dessen ich mtr vorgemerkt habe, unsore Nach- 
richten an aen iierzog von Sachen Coburg und Gotha per " Luftpost 
Eilboten " wle folgt zu versenden : 

Von 3. bis einschliesslich 3. April an das " Hotel Ambassador " 
Los Angeles, vom 9. ( resp. noch vom 3. ) an das " Fairmont Hotel, 
San Francisco. Ich habe den Jungens gegenueber besonilers darauf hir 
gewiesen, dass dafuer i^orge getragen werden muss, die Nachrichten 
planmaessig herauszusenden. - Ferner habe ich wuensohgemaess 
an Mr. F. v,. Beinnion, 2015-9th Avenue, Greeley, Colorado Ihren 
Vortrag von Lehigh Valley ueber " The cause of Germany and her 
position in the world today " zugesandt. 

Frau Tonn rief aus Miami an und bat um telegraf ische 
^eberweisung von | 100.00, da ihre Schecks dort nicht anerkatmt 
werden. Ich habe, Ihre Etnwilligung voraussetzend,$ 100.00 von der 
Bank geholt and Frau Tonn telegrafisch ueberwiesen; ferner begltch 
ich die ueberfaellige Gas- und Lichtrechnung von Frau Tonn in 
Hoehe von $ /V.65. Beide Posten sind G. Tonn belastet worden. 

Herr von Strempel rief mich heute an und bat mich, 
seine Luncheonverabredung mit Mr. Dennis fuer morgen mittag abzu- 
sagen, da Herr von Strempel ploetzlich nach Washington zurueckbe- 
rufen wurde; aber Anfang naechster Yrfoche wleder in New York sein 
wlrd. Bei dieser Gelegenheit berichtete ich ihm von meinem Miss- 
erf olg mit dem Hocker. 

Mit separaterBost liess ich Ihneii zwei Radlophotos 
sowie ein Memo von Dr. Hunck und eins von Mr. Quisenberry zugehen. 
Ich hoffe, dass alles in Ihren -"^esitz gelangt 1st. 

Das deckt die wesentlichen Neulgkelten von heute. 

Mit den besten Gruessen und 

Ueil Hitler I 
I^re ev^ebene . 



Exhibit No. 198 

Tudor Towar, aast 4>Siid Staroot, 
-^pril aeth, 1939 

CoiMrtituIag Boord or Cocmltte©, 
.Mserloan PellowahlT) Tonas, 
Ii<WK Tork, K.T. 

iJljr dear Cl»l«wnxi{ 

I& dofcroneo to the vt<luo of your tJir.e lot ne send you 
jxxMt tlie tariofest of notes. I suggestt 

A, TlK) forntttion of a oocinitteo of up to thirty, of \itoioli 
Gaily up to ton (1/5) will havo the rl^t to voto and the obli- 
e tioa t9 be respcmalble f Inaiioillly for the onten:irisc, 

xhQ Dtjority of the cMaberB is to servo la an adrieory 
•apaoity, but should hare th© rip^at to noTo a notion, otlona, 
hoiiTOToi , to bo earrlod oaily by tlio votor? of the uonbors of the 
fixKuxolally respoatsible inner elrclo, 

'±hQ iimoi' "oabinet" cjay be caupoeed also of men of Icnown 
G«K3an leaning and affiliations. The outer shell to sorr© as 
a jKrotootion In the publia eye. 

B, For tho Inaior oireio I -Dropoae Charles Triller, senior 
aiflmber of the board of the Nev/ York Phllhansonioj and for the 
outer rin^ . ohn v 1111^?^ neott, 54 Eant 83rd street, city. ^r. 
Auha^en, if these men arc desired ^ should pay a pergonal call 
to ; r, l-rlUer aftrr confer ring *rith me, and write to "r, Soott. 

C, As title for tho ecaalnp debate on boyoottr' I sv/'^oatt 
Eaondmio boycotts, vhat Is there la then for /anerloans? or 
'Jihe swc»rd of Bconocde boycottf which way doos It out sharpoet? 

There is laoro, that 1 v.-ould like to say, but I trcm»t for 
the reasoaa afozmentioncd. 

1th ev^py eood wSd^ jfcqr the suocoss of "^^ Oprtra — 
froHi .-'' 

Hoinrich V/.G.l^. iYeihorr -won Bothner 

Copy of this has been for^art^od to Dr. Auhagien, 



Exhibit No. 199 

22.Aorll 1939 


313 EAST Sai" SrP.EET 


•-Pin lintiT iierr Auha«;en, 
or bftttnr^i^ear Auhaf^en, 

-• fev7 more oontaets: 

i^r.'*«4ry - .^elte, 
i:«3 -ast 23rd ot, 
-rooklyHjN*'-^*<l i-rs.-a^.yiarKf 
18 -^nst 48th "^t 

Attorn«%v for the Oer!!an Soclet-,' 

I'cw ^ory ^'ity i'r«3ent at noetinR.^rhapa membei-Mkj. 

ship alip has be^n submitted.ciho: formerly 
^va von ^.ordeok.he -neriean vrtio is yery nuch 
intei-isted in our v'ork. 
Last nifjjit pave you ev«r'thinr y 5U vrantod.even Medicine. 1 hope 
you feel better, but please ^relasc one day evry wsekl 
^onnerin.'^ th» question of :~pea>:er3 1 cane to the conclusion that 
^niopkamp' s advice was better than jnlne:take a wllte man to 
speal: against the boycott. "^ou may even tnHf one f osa the 
•Jennan crowd or i^oard o^ i'm'^e.becaAse it should be one of t • e 
"other .?id«".i'Verythir  " then on the moderator.i-r.W^iss 

could be one of the pi: er who may sp'iak five full nini tea, 

Oth'^r.'is" i .1u3t feel I •• « Tinp at our corrmittee.i'o should nor; 
aoDroach a fev; men, key rrien,of promlnenoe and ask '^': p- point 
biant: v.hihther thev would Join ua in a raaponsibie capacity, 
B^pin v/ith "isolCjWho is willinR to do it as be told ne,^* has 

Exhibit No. 199 (continued) 


t - 

an not raistaken. 

' on the spotl Tell him to Rive money ana 
"> wordsl 
. nay rely on me and also on i'.esselorjlf 

-ith r?,- " 




Exhibit No. 200 



Royal Bank of Canada, 
68 .William Street 

Hew Yoik 

2«hh.»» p«««rfira8 lll^LS^*." " "^ 2o.l2.38 
Order of (Mvymwrt 

By orter elf: 

Herrn Dr.Johannaen, 

bM*a urir Ste 


aaoant of 

J? in wQitJs: 

IS uMes n 


Com Exchange B; 
lew yen* Clt:^ 

Mr Rttfcagttt TOO 
for Kcoasi li 

Dr.Auhagek, 5^ 'iprt 

u nd un a untxrr Aiif^i 

Md to debit us uiukf "^Idirtcc 


^r%-»/»»vir^/^ r|^ 

Wert: Slotlt 


V Co. University Brancli, 113, Street and Broadway 




Exhibit No. 201 



llo.C 199614 N<" York, Jec— bqr 30,193^ 

Agonoy of  • 

The :^oyal Bank of Canada .^„„ „. 

V^e have you- Corn ."xchange Bank Trust Co, \\ .VllllR'- St Ne 7 York 'f.Y, 

hore.Tlth oup 


^ S 

I cs) 


For aooount of- Your Unlvmlty Brnnch ll?t>^^^eet k Broaiimy, 
Ne.v York for acc'^;ia^- Dr.Auha^i^,H.Y.« By order 
Dr,Johannaen,H'y^(r^ Pl'^ise telephone Your 
Branch I-— edle 

* Fovir Hundred 00/lOO<f---"-.^: 
Please 3l)zn and return atta 

As per 


Pro Agent 

"o 20 ^F^o-1 Deutsche BenkjEarnburg 



Flllult Hmmbarz 


Exhibit No. 202 

- , , ,. HAMBURG H. den 25. ''i 

Order of payment 

Ad ■^.■^ :  • ■. \ 

Tl . Mational City Bank of S«w lork, 
55, Ttll Street, 

Haw York '•  

Iro Auftragc voti . 
By order of: 
By order of 

Horrn ^^r. Jobanasen, 


bitten wir S» 
yye request yoti 


den Betrag von 

to pay tfce amount trf 


« 200. 


Com Sxctaange Bank Trust 
113 Street and Broa" 

ESA foliar aweiiamdflrt- 

'nivereity Branch, 
ork City 

ftir Rech nung von 
for account of 

for «/e of "^ * 

und una uiTter''Au fgab* zu belastfen 
and to debit ua under advice- 

and d«Mt tw a/a.8S 2/^/39 

^1. sight 


BerlM I M 

F' - - ' >•■- 

. AiiifciLiSaSitSiiijiiiiiia^ 


Exhibit No. 202 (continued — 1) 



• • • .» 

I^j* \cvaK_^ 

FSBRVAPy 6.1939 

a The National City Rvm^'ot^ew York • 

^ pavtothe corn EXCHANSe lft^i;T.RUST*COl#W f?,Y. •»»•->. • $200.00 • 

ORDKR 0»_ 

-J »«« 


I** • • • • 

S TiO HUNDfED AM? 00/lOO> * » -s- ■'^\ ^V> .*V** **••-•>*-•• r»o„.„„ 

AWIM8T*.>Pr CA«HntB 



Exhibit No. 202 (continued — 2) 

Exhibit No. 203 

FlllaU Htmbarg 

Ah -, . , „ HAMBURG n. din W >7.,yT Jf''X 

Zahlungsauttrag - 1 ji ,i - - /J'^C 

Order of payment 


Anschrif t' 

Hatlonal City Bank of 
H«w York 
55, fall Street 

Kew iork 

Im Aiiltr agc vo n: 
fu order of : 

Herrn Dr. Jobannsen, 


bIWe n wir S it _ 
we reoucftt >ou 


dea Beff«t yo u _ 
to p«> Ihe amouni at 



Corn Exchange Bank Trust -o.y^OnfversiV Branch, 115, Street and Broadway, , 
lew York, 

ftir Re<:h oung toc 
for accounl o( 

Sr.Auhagcn, lew York, 

und u ni unte r'Att<g»b e lu bcUs ten 
and to d«bil u> under adrlct 



Exhibit No. 203 (continued — 1) 



g rr 631459 

g The N^ ionai. City Bank of New York 

• • • $200«00» • 

OKXJtR ay. ""■ '~ 

^, pavjj. T "K CORN EX OH ASSC BAfflC TWJ3T QOiS'kHI H.Y»* * 


S^Tl^ fflJNDRED AND OO/lOO* - '» -<■*•«■• t ■»»--*»»»»»* • 

<  ' — -' 

" •' * ''  " ' J^-i 




Exhibit No. 203 (continued — 2) 

4J •• 


• • 

• • . B 

• • • 

• • • * 

• • ^'AYTOTH -.-r^-,. 

• • • • 

• • * ••• 

Iw-. FEB 25 1939 j-45 

••• •• • • 

• • • • • 

 .*••• • • 

• : J^'^ ^0'<K''cL£Aa/w3 HOUSE 

« • • •• 
• • • • • 

• • ••• 



• • • « 


• • • • • 

® . 

: ; l^^ 

• * • • • 

. • 



Exhibit No. 203 (continued — 3) 

AN 37-»« 


Hotel Dauphin 
1^ IN 2-24-39 




Bl LLS Fro^ Hanibi|rg^Thi^OV^ 


City Balk 






liReceived by Mai. Feb 114,1939 


  '■■.-t . I 



Exhibit No. 204 


7»KI...««oo..l«».« HAMBURG 11, den 

Order of payment 



: a Sfttional City Bank of Jfew Xcarlc , 
55 Wall Street, ' / 

H«w York 

Im Aultrage yon : 
By order of: 

Harm Dr. Johanneen, 

Wert: Sioht 

ii^*' Corn ExdhsBM. Baik IrXisX Co.Dniversity Branch, 113 ^r«et and 


Wt Retlitiiing Y oa 
ter rnxount o( 

Dr . Aufee. gea , »»* y csr k ' * ■' hS S j G 

and gat ai iter'AH %»i)e ta hdartw 
«ad to d«(ift"<a wnter «<lvf» 


, • 





' ■••MX 

k %m 



274778— 40— pt. 2 23 



Exhibit No. 204 (continued — 1) 

g FT 638816 

S The National Citv Bank or New York 









Exhibit No. 204 ( continued — 2) 

•■ • »" 

i> .. 

►a a 








Exhibit No. 204 ( continued— 3 ) 

AN 37  3S 



From HaHbiirg^ 








PH i <^ 



ration^3r-G-3rty Ba 





Received by ^ 

'ail Ap 

r 3,1S 







ExHiiiiT No. 205 

ntU* Hmmbmm Ah 

A iitctirUt: 


Zahlungsauflrag * 
O rdT of p ayment 


National City Bank of Hew x\t ««™ ^•'"''T!!!: 

 55, Wall Street / 

Hen Yor 


Mttm wfr 8te 

to ixjF tbe tauMuir^ '- 

Sollax afre$iktCl4«Ty— 

S::'ii ' 

W«t: Sicht 

Corn fccchangn Bank Iruat Co.Unlverolty Branch, 115, Street and Broadway, 
Hew York, 
tor actswM oi 

I>r.A\ihagen, Hew York, 


— < —« iwirr A«li«b« i« b«lMMfl 
Md lo dtM OS taid«r tdvicc 



s«Tiw a« 



Exhibit No. 205 (continued — 1) 

• • • 

• • • • • 




*, . • .'.*. Mkw r<^nK MAY 12, W3 


The Nvtjonal.Cit¥ P^nk of New York ^ • 

• •• • •*. • •• 

OS FOR 4J0 OF DR. AUHAfiE|<, ^W 1^ ••• 
^ BY OrotR OF m, JOHAWiSEH, piBURii»»* 

Tifi hliWHRFDi kWt (Xl/100*t €.t*%»tttttt»»«t»a.»*» »T)ollars 


A'»>Hl*tTA:«T C-tSIUKIt 

Exhibit No. 205 (continued — 2) 



Exhibit No. 205 (continued — 3) 

AN 37  3B 



Frorn He -"burg in mb 




i ' _ 

i " . 





Rll 1 <; 




National City I 


Received by ^a^ 

1 May 






Exhibit No. 20fi 

him* HMn^hem 




Qni» of pgfffumt "^ 


latlomal Gi^ Bsaik of Sew "fork 
55, tall Street 

Sew ¥orS 

to Aagi w yag." 

Herm Dr.«Toheniisen, 


lii««s wlr Sl« 

deg B«tt«t ton 

to pay ttw amount oi 

IS"-. ^^■ 

Oorn Exchange Bank Trust C 
Broadway, Hew York, 

lot Recliniiin TOn 
far account o< 

Dr.Atihagen, Hew lork, 

itad gai uptitr Aul| ab« lu bel»6teii 
»e4 to debit us u»lcr advice 


vereity Branch, 113, Street and 





s«T M« la » I 



Exhibit No. 206 (continued — 1) 

- II wwiimrritf 'IT ■TTi-ni-rn—  ^it; ii.«M ' »w i » . 

■*: u   ^■- 1 i m > 



« • • • • 

• • • • 

• • *«W Yd»<K.^ 




Pat to thk 

The NvTroNALjtixj;fl\NK or New York *^ 


jr-' ORnXM OF. 


gf CBI WCI) <» 0I>/1 W?»> '.♦.^ <«>  • • • • ' ^.y .., 


Exhibit No. 208 (continiied — 2) 

' • • • , • . 

• » • • , • 

• • » « 4 • « 

• • • • • 

• < 


• • • » I 




.■^.i.-yf ' - ;.«' -1 



Exhibit No. 206 (continued— 3) 

AN 37  30 


DTj^ P . Aixhagen 











#8-.Nationfl1 nif:] 



Fvon Ha>^biirg 

Received by 2^1 

- Jtin $ 






^v A^ o; 



Exhibit No. 207 

saoDirasaa SMS „.....„ „.-a..^.« 

rnu, Hmmbmnt xh ZahlunB»«uf!rag a*-,!-,-*. 

*» iehmt: 

Or^Mi* of paymMtl 


Rational City Dank of New York 
55, Wall Surest 


Br ord«r «1: 

Herm Dr.JohannBon., 

blttM wb S4t 

w reqowl y o«'- 

!»^ Slcht 


Com Exchange Bank Trust Co., Univeraity Branch, 115, Street and Broad- 
way, New Tork, 

Mr l>«c>mm w 
lor Koo**! of 


Qr.Auhagen, N«» York, 

irad uns uoter Aidfab t lu belAitm 
•ad 10 dcWt o* uwlcr vMc* 

7 I'" 


BvTlM aii 



Exhibit No. 207 (continued^l) 

g pr g5b39i ..• . 

« The National CiTVBAMCcrrNKW York - 

j^ •«*i"-'"'>"^-,, ... . 

V^ ' • • • • • 

* * • *ti •'j i • * y ^ ^« « • • « • jL)o( I VKs 

J. c. 

•aO i^lHOREf) AKD QQ/1CX) 

Exhibit No. 207 (continued — 2) 


• • •« 

a it S "" o 

, I R I Z« JO g o 

J3 O 

§ 1 

> -I 

I &■ 

3 p 


ft' i 


AN 57 3ft 

Exhibit No. 207 ( continued — 3) 



IN 7-6-39 






N_&tl_Qrial :i 



Received by ?-!a|.l Jul 







Exhibit No. 208 

Fnial» Mambarg Ah 


Addresc • / 

Rational City Bank of New^ork 


Hew York 

HAMBURG 1 r, den 

Zahlungsauftrag Adoiph.pi.i, « 
Order of payment 

Im Auftra)?e von: 


itlonal City Bazdc of New Yo 
55', Wall Street .. . •/ 

By order of: 

Herm Dr.Johaiinsen, 


bitten wir Sle 

den Bettas von 

to pay the ^oipt of j'' "^ - | 'C)|5Q 

y Boi]y^4 2«iai|tTOd«r<>stAEO f 

Wert: Slcht 

Com 'Exchange Bank Trus-fe^ Co. , University Braiich, 113, Street and 
Broadway, Hew York City, ^' 

ter iccosat M 

Qr.Auhagen, Hew York, 

mid (a» antev Aa^p^ »a fctlaaien 
and to debit n* gnder tdvtc* 

61652 / 





7f.brv' "^*i 


ExHiBiT No. 208 (continued — 1) 


a w 651653  ;;?-»Voh:^. 

I The NAnoNAL'CitYBk^k orNEwYoRii 

• ••_., • ••■• 


Pay to Trai 

coRTtxai^i^ Tt{llfi^^AA.iTt •'*•* • •Imsbuj 

Jf-' ORDKK 0»-_ 

tf FOf? A/C OF DR. ^HAfiEHJi^ljYQRK 





Exhibit No. 208 (continued — 2) 

1 1 


• • • 

' • • • 
••• • • 


• • • 
••• • • 

• • 

a • 

;•• 8 

i»*S^ m^^ °"°ER OF 

• /«"», BAHklH OR TuiivT XT 

•^^^ AUG 8 1939 l.AP, 

. . . * e 

• •• 

Exhibit No. 209 

l-so^ggias mm „,«3„«o ... ^ zz.,9. 

rnitf Humbmrx **» Zahlungsauftrafl * '  » »■ "  '  ' 


Orfl«r of payiTMMit 


latlonal ci^ Bank of New York 
55, Wall Street y 

Sew Yoi* 

H«rxil Sr.Johanneen, 

H aaburg 

Cork Exchange Bank Trust Co., University Braa<di, 113, Street and 
Broad*ay, Hew York City, 

»r RedMwm 

MraccaoM of 

Dr.Axohagen, Hew Tort, 

■ni to 4iMt M ■MM' *d*ioie 



Exhibit No. 209 (continued — 1) 

g n- 665595 

.' . • .'^- io^lzmm-missi- 

^ The NATiojfAi^CLn B^i^k of Nem York « 

- *r r : • J *,  • 

^ PAVTOTHB CORN EXCHAHSE BAk'wtiST CQlfe'^ jjy • • • * * * $200.00* * 

!?■' OKJ3KK or ^  — 14 

g FOR A/C DR. AUHAffi«;K»¥.' BXflffiEg.DR. J0HANf6EN HAMBURC 

— I * I ' •••* 

no WKDRED ASP 00/lOC» •'* *«»'^ {^.*c > » » ^ » » * » ^ ' • 't^A.A, 

Exhibit No. 209 (continued — 2) 


t *' * 

S * £ £ 

4c ••- 

• • • "> 

• e • • • 




Exhibit No. 209 (continued — 3) 

AN i7 36 


Frederick Auhagen 








BM 1 <; 



Thru Nat.Ci^y- - 

Pro"i Ha'H&virg Gei 














Exhibit No. 212 


. \a 357 




-fl #,>-"» 





7:5 iO 

Exhibit No. 213 


- M 366 

^0^. I 3 




^ 6^/y>NJt^ \o X^«t4^>v t?(/a/ 



274778 — 40— pt. 2 24 

/tftf OO 



Exhibit No. 214 






/CO 00 

Exhibit No. 21 ri 


4r^ 391 




Q r^ 

A>»^^-<^ ^o tyyvf^vX^Q^ 

100 DO 




Exhibit No.. 216 


• Iri 







to 0l> 

Exhibit No. 217 


,Ak 403 



Mr  /^, . 











ExiiiniT No. 218 


Exhibit No. 219 





Exhibit No. 220 


2C 2 4C N!:f YCtK CiTY 1 PER FP 



m 124841 





FEB j 2C 




5 5t 5^ 5C 




l/>CAfc. CAIJL9 

u»NO t»arr calls ; 

. 8C 






t !• » 

5 5C 
1 M 

i 71 



^5 54 1 66 73 25 C4 

• 7^ - 75 
' 1 CC 




1^ %A\ 2t> 54 


^5 54 6a 7Q 

• 5C CO 26 54 

gj <(l 57 55- 

25 U 



Exhibit No. 221 

— i^sr 

Canadian National Railways 


j ?4 1J£ «J£li. 

o^HE N 

C^-A/WM^ yVwQ^ 


Bills Rendered and Payable Weekly 

Rooms from to 






• ^ 









News Stand 



M ir<CEl-l_ANEOUS 

i sg 

(^i 5/V>Cilv. 





Exhibit No. 222 


—. — 1 

cutt Of savn mmto^ \ 


oOMtsrtc II 











HUMtii or WOS&l 


ft.C. A. GO M M U N I C AT I O N S, IN C. 

TIME *1U0 


$«nd iii« toOewing Radiogram (^A/ROl «^l*ct t9 t«rmt «fl bock h«r*«(, which m« hsrvby a^—4 to 

A' IT 


mr K 1939 


mnajo mm x tmu mastacBssi xmBsmaaam vmsxmss xosaoa xar^ssaws 

Main Office: Si Broad Street, New York, N. Y. (Always Open) 


S«nd»tl Nome and Addreis FWBjtfWt MO Mala. 

iNot to bp trsosmitied) 

Phai>«: HAnovsr Mill 


Exhibit No. 223 
' ^ -11 

Slebart G.a.b.H. 

Hanan 25. Jull 1340 

Gelegentllch des gestrlcen Anrures von Herrn Schaiilt bat Ich diesen, 
Sle wissen zu lassea, dass Ihr Kahel Tiit der Bltte u-i Beantra^uag 
elner Ausfuiirgonehiilguag n\ir geei^Pt sela koonte, die Situation so 
gut wle unno^^Lch zu aacben. 

Ibllen Sle bltte zunaeohst an riedorboltea ialon davon Xenntal^ aehmen, 
dass es hoechst unan^iebracht Ist, Wastera Union za bemitzan: jedes eln- 
jelne Telegraaai dleser Kflibsl^esellschaft ^eht durch dl« brltlsche Zensur. 

Wollen Sie slcb bltto vargejjenwaertl^en, ^raa as zudea bedeutat, waan wlr 
ala Cheal::al Jlarketlng Cpmpancr wirkllch Ihrea ffunsche F.echnung trajjen soil- 
ten Tind eiae lusl\ihrbewllllgung beantr^-gen, acch Zuerlch auf ela Kebei bin, 
daa aocb daza nicht von Zuerich kam, sonJern von Hanau, ein Dinj der voel- 
ligen Uaaoe^lich'icelt. Es acbeint Thnen n-)Cb iMmer unbekannt zu seln, dass 
auch hler Kontrolle anageuebt irlrd ueber traa^atlantlsche Telephoo^esprae- 
cbe, Kabel und galegentllch Post, besoaders aolcher Firjien, die alt deut- 
•cbea Haensarn arbeitea. 

Gaaz abgeseben davon, waere es vofililg slnnlos, auch nur dan Versuch m 
■achen, die Ausf-ihrbeTHlicxng zn bcantragen, die nlemals ertellt werden 
wuarde. Die Llrfarung in der Vergan^enbeit schelnt Sle veranlas^t zvl babcn, 
dlase Moegllchkeit als elna Selbstv^rstaendlichkelt blnzunehmen, obwohl 
ich Ihnen an dleser Stelle verBlohem inusJ, dasj es »ahrbaftig ein verdaaat 
grosses lunstatueck gewesen iat, Sle so zu bellefern, wle wir es babed t\ia 
koeanen, und Sie kSnnen sich voratellea, dass Ich un^-ern sehen wuerde, dass 
dlese Moegllchkelt ranichte geaacbt wlrd durch aolche boechst anvorslchtlge 
Xabel irie das Ibrige. 

Alexander wlrd Sie iaawlschen neb«r daa Modus orlentiert baben. Es genuegt 
in Zukunft vollkoamen, wenn Sle ioifragen beschraenken auf Kabel ait Angabe 
des ProdTiktea und der Henge. Wenn trir Ihnen Off arte augehen lassen, so ge- 
nuegt es, veim Sle in Beantwortung der Offerte, solltea Sie kaufan Hollan, 
■JA" lumeckkabela und Is usbrlgen Ihre Zuerlcher Freunde veranlassen, wle 
bisher den In Frage koaaenian Betrag per Kabel auf unser Koato bel der Ir- 
ving Trust Conpanj' zu uebervelsen. 

Ich hoffe bestinat, dass auch daolt diaa^ Fragen klar gestellt sind. 


FAi;/ef i 


Exhibit No. 224 
lo. 20 8. Juni 1940 

Kopie per Plu,';pont 

Dr. P.A.Kerteea 

10 East 40th- Street 

Hew York 

Lieber Herr ut, Kerteoa, 

Ich habe Wert darauf gelegt, dass das beifol, offi^-.ielle 
Schreiben Nr. 64 durch meine VerTdttlung ar. Sie relan^t. 

Die U«berlegungen, die uno zu der Enteendunf^ von Herrr. Stioge 
veranlasst haben, wird Ihnen dieaer aelbst cingehcnd aus- 
ein&nderaetaen. Er ist auch von mlr darUber tuniterrichtet, 
daas Ich as an sich nicht fiir erforderlich, vlelleloht nicht 
eiiimal fUr ratsam halte, daoe er in ira.lmington Oder in 
Hlagara Palls offiziell in Erscheinung tritt im'; jedenfalle 
haban wir ihn ainatweilen weder dort, noch an irgendwelchen 
aoideren Stellen angekUndlgt. Ich habe Herrn Stiege gebeten, 
die Entscheidung dsurUber nach vorheriger eingehender RUck- 
spraohe rait Ihnen an Ort und Stelle zu treffen. Jedenfalls 
bitte ich Sie ausdrUcklioh, alle echwebenden Fragen, ine- 
beaondere auch diejenigen, die in deir Schrelben Ifr. 64 er- 
wHimt Bind, ohne ^eds RUckaicht anf die Reise iJtiege zu 
b«handeln, da aich -unter den ge.^ebenen Verhiiltnisaen ±m 
Augenblick ja noch garnicht Ubersehen lasst, ob diese Reise 
Uberhaupt zur DurchfUhrimg konnnt, imd zu welchea ZeitpunJct 
sie Herrn Stiege eventuell nach New York flUiren v/ird. Ich 
bitte Sie deahalb, wle gesagt, keinesfalln irf^enl etwas 
im Hinblick darauf in der ;5chwebe zu lassen. 

Beaondera eingehend habe ich mlt Herrn Stiege Uber das 
achwierige Pinanzierioigaprobiem geaprochen, das z-or Zcit 
den (Jegenatand einea Kabelwechsela bildet. ich muchte an 
dieaer Stelle nur nochmala hinzuftigen, dasa ich ralch per- 
■Onlich mit aller verjfUgbaren Energie gerade undies en Punkt 
ktlnnaere, und dasa Sie es daher als \inaba.nderlich ansehen 
atlaaen, wenn wir trotzdem xmter Beaohtung der fiir una .riaas- 
gebliohen Vorachriften gewlase Grenzen keineafall.: ilber- 
achreiten kBnnen. i*ir verhandeln auch zur Zeit intenslv 
ait den zuatajidigen BehSrden, mUaaen una aber aelbatver- 
•tandlich an deren Entacheidung in jeder Beziehun£ halten. 



Exhibit No. 225 
Hr. 24 21. Jiini 194 J 


Dr. ?,A. X2rteoa 

10 Fnat 43th :tr...jt 

in:.-. YJ:i.< 

L-eber Herr ^j, Korteas, 

A:ib0i ei:i ''oaortuiclim r.u-^t:-. Tho)3Jj 112 )2/3^( iaaeri ka, daa ich 
heute aorgen - veronlasjt J iroh eln Sohrelr>ei von ocherlng -- 
in O-^/^enwort von Herm 3c>unl It sehr raoch hen-interdiktiert 
habo . 

• ir kar.nen uns lor Porderun^j vor Scherlnc, die dna .Mnndtit 
.2ur Boar ">«1 tJimj von Argen-inicn '.aben, nnch Einachaltun^^ 
von Herrn D: . Weltzien vorau. nlcVttlich nioht ganz entslehon, 
legen aber ent^cheldendan .vert larauf, iaua Sie dabel 
Dupont gegeniiber auch ..•ei' liu in VcrhSltnla zu una 
au33Chla^59b.?nJe -iolle ayiolen. Vonn 31r dabel die Dlnge 
BO Jrehen k?5njien, dnau die C'C an den l^Moor.t-Lieferungan 
etwBS verdient, so lat dage^jen nat .rllch nichts einzuwenden, 
aolaoge dnraxifl iteine fir dlo Seaantaituation iinei-wUnachte 
lelaatixng entetoht. 

Sehr vlel achwierigor wfiro dar^gon dir Einachaltun von 

frohweln zu rechtfertlgen, da weder er noch wlr ar.f elne 

Beteiligung an de; 7erkauf von H2D2 ir; 5 idaaerika einen 
Anapriich haben. 

Dieaar Brief lat gewiaaermaaaun nur einu Voranldiridlgung 
und aohlieaat daher nit der r.\igdrUckiichon Bittr , daaa 3ie 
Torlfttifig in Bezuf, auf Dr. ■. eltzlen nichts unternehroen, 
ehe Sle noch einmal 'von Herm Schmidt f^e^.ort haben. Sollte 
Dr. *eltzion nber In der Z7?i8Ghenz«it an Sie herantreton, 
80 Bind Sie v/enigstens im' Bilde. 

P r d 1 . 

V?>7 i t/^^ 


Exhibit No. 225 (continued — 1) 
Schl/0 24. Juiii l-:-4C 

Berne rturig«x: zu Brief Soherit^ v >tt .'^, Jura 1 
fae8«srBtofl'8up«roxj,d Aiserlka-- 

1) Ss beettbt kein Zwelfel dariibir, dass j:iundBti*. /. . .cr. i_ re 
dts Kccvt-ntior^Tfertia^td fiir die weiteie Zukunft i.heii..>i xu. 
die Bearbeltung Ton Xrgentici*;; uusachlieaa: i .:;. zj-a-.t^.^ig i.<i 
Dieser arundaatz darf dorch Ma«9r.sthir.«i:, die «ani-.r.a ctea Eriegee 
Qctwendlg »erd«n, in telse bf:ir.tracht:.<?t verier. 

2) Si* Scheld«an«'.alt h&t ;»uc;. waHrcr.d dra 6,x.--:«e in 
false die Absicht^ sich odtr ihrt StUtzpuii^te Irj oUdacerika 

und den U,S«Ac in irgendeiner Weiae ein^us :;ial' en, oi« la /sg-er- 
sste tu dieaea Srund^alz attftit 

3) jUidereratit* auae atotiichec Eonv-^ntic; >•. > sJer 
fruheren Korrespcnder.s Klwr atir-j *i« aussf;-. . 'r;,*,».oii w;. '• 
gebend die Sehei deans talt Ibrt eigeren IntereBeen in iarec s«s: r 
wicfctig^n Verhfiltnia su Du;.cr.t zarli^kgeatellt and eociiT i- 
Spiel geeetzt hat^ OB die Intereesen aer tizuv^i.tioi. tui si.-;. . . 
Die Scheldawistalt hat daiit auch errticnt, dnaa Du{.^r.t aof 
Jede UnteratUi2a::g dti I;ap8r:&l «if,r<2r.d der Ki^-^isstit in bezu, 
auf den Bau •»! :Ci'en Pabrik vorzichtet und aai;b. dje 
Lieferiuig von K2C2 ;'.,c- 3'J.ddxe. ikn, dits a'ai. voru-tvrgehc-.-; . i'.,s 
B>3iti>iel ^i^r Sscc ntich,tsiiii>es;d , auigenccin-en natte, wl'ndt 

• tellt tat« Sb lot inrcigedeasen aber j-.t/.t fur dU ,:;:.■. 

anetilt veilig uiji-aglioh, Dupcr.t die Lieferung vcn r2C2 :^nct. j 

VertraueusBarj;, Hern: Ur^ Eert&sa, der ille 7 

gefuhrt h^l, f.tlsu^eben- £» ha/tv^elt aic*- nitr .c :.x:\ liu.- i ,y.:.e 
aber aehr wichtige ttsricgurigent be". deD«o ^iKi-.\a^a»it,-e Geei-'a*-- 
ponkte g!»r-z iii den Kintergruni tx-eten. 

4/ Die Scheidear.atttlt nacht ia ^^Itiiciici. Zus«s2.e.-.hanf sit ^^rz 
beaoBdiiea J;Bii-yiiru--^k darauf fcr-fz-iKsaa,  d&£3 Duvcr.t hochgni'r 
empfir.dlicb ist gegen, wk. !,ur in ei.tferntester. 

nuch Irgendetwas *ie naof eir.^T . . .. . . jticijalen „br.cie ■■; 

^ucft danr, wer.n sie aich -taf :-^r. Sxpvft bfriaht r u::c , 
ir, der Xriec-aseit in erh>r.t92 Vdsae. Tir emjfehlex; des: . , 
da»8 die iiinechaltang Toi'. Cuic;.'. bttl dtr '.ctweniig ge* 
£elieferung vor jUdaaerika dvu"- !:c-rin i;-i . iertsse erfwir , ..t: 
einerstite ale imeer beK&iint uad 'z-ln^eS^t.r: !,3'v, 
aBderer»elta aber als aaioi Jtaataburger uni Inh^ber 
elner aacrikanlschen Firaa vcllig unbelaatet daat^nt Ptir a .3 



ExHiuiT No. 225 (continued — 2) 

• ^HR 

and di« Convt^atioa kt)nfit« ab«r Herr Dr, K»rt*«s gl«ichc«iti( 
die Panlrtion (ib«m«ksMi:, Msalnschuftlich ait der B«ooc in 
vuunurfillliger ff*l9t cin* Sa^llerun^ der Kri«s«ll*firuD|[«n 
anoh 3tldaa« vcrsunthMra, oixo* dik«« Dapont sit •olohun 
G«danken^Zigon bel^istat vlrd, tilr di« e B eins Abaachon^ 
wl* di* ein«r nttirtlgeo T*ilajig 6»» Karktta scbon elne d«liJi&t« 
AJO^lageiVhvit 1st, 

^J 9«cen di* AinscbAltoi:^ von Harm Dr. teltei«a hat lit- 
SchalTaar^atfldt a(>lbatTarativndlich nloht daa Oarlngata einzu- 
wendar., aondern •rkenr.t diaaan Ycraob'a^ la Sl.Aa daa grund- 
aktslichen Kandataa von .}cb«ring fUr latalnaaairlka auaau' llaaa 
llch Braalllan %1» durchaua berechtl£t an < fflr aUaaan unaarer-^ 
•aits nur nochaals drlc^nd uc unalB^aachrttnkta BarUckaiohtlgun^ 
d::i vcrc t-^-bar.d vladergagabanan Gaaiohtspunkta in baaug «af 
vuiaer 7frhaltnla eu Dupcnt ucd dla Rolle Ten Harm Di-. Karteaa 
Mttan< ¥lr glaaban, daaa ta vlallaicht aa rtoa?heata& coa 
Zleit fu'."t. wenn llarr Tr ■yaltaler. alch cu elnar vartraiiiana- 
rcllas Aui e alt Harm Dr, Kartaaa* dan wir dann ant» 

aprachend rlcnt«n vUrdan, Kuaaamanf Indet Wir vUrdan 

ucaeraraelta las'T tob Gaaichtapuokt ui:aar<::-r taktiacbaa Stellan|[ 
Dupoct geg«nubar( una Torauaalchtllch allaa anaobllassan 
lednn«n, mtm dabal <:aiachan Jen baidan Harran raralnbart aird. 

6) AuT dla Sclla» dia Aarau in Baeug duf daa 3tldaaarika-3aach&f t 
is dar rarflodsanen Xrlegasalt and auch wKbrand daa waltaran 
Terlaufes cu apie^-^c hut, all is cileaaa Zoaaao^anhan^ nlcht ^^^ 

singagangen a^riax:^ Dar Unterseichneta a^icbta nor paraCnllch mfi 
drlagaid aapfahlan, dia grundaitrlish Tarainbaxta Oroaa- 
:. igkait in der B«bcuidlung voa Aar^u nlcht aofsugeban. and 
_'^i' r  -ht la dan Fabler eu Tarfallan^ larau In klelniijber 
. :3t V rc'jrachnan, dasa und »«;che 7orteila aa davon gehtibt 
I'.!. . .-' ..::h eebr woV.l alt Icr ber«chtlgt«n WsLhrung dar 
-n-ird^jir il:- ani«ifen Konventlonaaitgliadar la weiteran 
VerlauT reralcbaran . 



Exhibit No. 226 
Nr. ?s 24. Juni 1940 

Zu Ilirer laimmer 44 iCHXin icii ntir sa^en: "Hler irrt sloh der 
 -rrasoer ;", waa t>j cl* warirsciiernlicli ohne weiterea durch 
ai'? iataix;! -aid 2su ciuaeitige Inf ornation erklftrt. 

rf'v;- -iavun, daeo die Pelador.-Angeleganhelt 
^ — :.cri'.. ..^. iuu in den nllerbestan llfioideri. iat, und does 
keiiie Veranittasa.t^, vor^ie^t, diwbea irgendwie hineinaxa-ediai. 
Jc.lcnrailt; fljnct .rich Ihr Briuf d^au garaicht 8oad«rn wtirda 
liar Verotinaujic;; horvorrufeu, und dae wiire air g«rade in d«ai 
Verhaltnio zwiaohe:. iiuiea ^ond Hirtes aa unerir.ln«chte«ten. 
Ich unterneh:ne also garnichts sojjdem lasee den Dlngen 
ihr«n Laiif . 3ie koii'ien Isa Ther.a ja aber a\if die groase 
Litjte setaen, aie bei liirea nJichsten Beauch in Dautachland 
:.};re lirledigung finden muss. 

Ini ubrigen aei zu Hirer Information srwiihnt, dao3 die 
ietreuen", sxiS deren jfitarbeit Sia adch verweisen, aaatlioh 
zur Zeit wichtigere Dinge auaaerhalb der scheideanatalt au 
crledigen liaben, sodaaa mein .^rlegadienat darln beateht, 
anatatt im Ressort entlastet zu warden, die Leitung der 
verwaisten Abteilungen nebanher auaatiliben. Ea geht aber 
allea aehlr gut, wobei wir natllrlich durch die abaolute 
£uversicht aof eiiien restloa aiegreichen Auagang dea Kriegea 
in unerhorter .eiije unterst-dt;:t warder.. 

? r d 1 


Exhibit No. 227 

Hr. 51 . ' :J0. Jiili . <•; 


Dr. P. A. ICertese 
IG East 40th street 

Lieber Herr Dr. Kertess, 


Ele heutige Pont bringt c'^le erate unn .:weite Auai'er tiguxv 
Ihxer 3ri«fe Nr. 4^^ und 47 vom 8.d.V. sowie ausaerdein vor- 
Itiufig die isweite Au8fertif;xm^ Ihrer Nr. 4^ vum 10, d.". 
Dazwiechen I'ehli noci; l^lr Bi ief Nr. 45- 

Ej scheint fast no, als ob Sic mir jfLzt allmonhtlich mal 
ochreiben uni dao 1st jt uch unter -en t;egebenen Verhalt- 
nlssen veratandllch. Apa mlch pereBnlich angeht, ao bin Ich 
immerhin nicht 30 Uberlastet, dai38 ic.h nicht auch gem 
oftcr einTi^aJ. von IJ'-t.en here. Ich .vill -jef^hnlb auch Ihre 
Brief e miverzUglich beantwor ten, doweit das erf orderlies 

Hyper InzwlBChen hat aa^ elefongeaprach Ihnen *ohl voilP 
Klarheit gebracht und den Llngen elne Aendung geneben, dir. 
zwelfelloiJ von Ihnen begriitJBt werden v/ird. 

Heing ist, soviel ich weias, noch i-nmer in Shanghai und 
ee acheint zv.eif elhaf t, o; or jcin iieiiiepiograjiiji cinhalten 
kann. Wenn Sie ihn sehen, dann «»lrd er Ihnen ja sehr raech 
die n5tigen Erklaruxigen geben; wenn nicht, daaa musaen wir 
das ziirlickatellen bio wir uno sehen. ?.!ittlerweilc bitte ich 
Sie, die ganze Angelegenheit mit jenem Vertrauer. anzusehen, 
das euoh in dlesen beaonders sohwierigen Zeiten die uner- 
BOhUtterliche Grundlage fur unaere Zuannrienarbeit /.ebildet 
hat. Hie werden, aobald oie Heinz oder apater mich geaproche 
haben, auch veratehen, waxum ich es axiudrllcklich Ihrem Er- 
mesaen Uberlaaaen habe , ob dieaer unaere gemeincchaftlichen 
Freunde von der Gruppe Edryk beauchen aoll oder nicht. 
PeraOnlich bin ioh, wle ich daa auch Heinz ganz of fen f:eaact 
habe, nicht dafur,hah« ea aber aeinen inabeaondcre Ihrer 
pflichtgemjlsaen Emneaaen uberlasaen, an Ort und Stelle zv 
•ntacheiden, ob ea daa Richtige ist oder nicht.- Jedenfalla 
wlrd duroh seine Reiee, auch wenn dieee ihn tataachlich nach 
N.Y. fUhrt, nicht im mlndeoten die dringende Hotwendigkeit 
aufgehoben, dass wir una sehen, oobald ea die Verhfiltniase 
nach FrledenaachluBB erlauben. Daa werden Sie inzwiachen 
auB aeinem perB5nllchen Brief ohne Numraer vora 3,d,''. eraehei 
haben, und ich aechte speziell In Beantwortxuvg Ihrer Rr. 48 
noch elninal eindeutlg erkl&ren, daaa Ich ea zweifelloe fUr 



Exhibit No. 227 (continued) 





Beote halten wUrde, wenn Sie zun&chst zu elner turzen 
vaber mOglichat fefa^iTloaen) Viaite nach Eiixopa k^m'en. Bei 
der Gelegenheit kbnnen wir dann in Ruhe dae weitere Programm 
auf vier ganzen Linic vereinbaren und auch die dann wohl als 
SHChstee fol^^ende Reiue von Herrn Dr. Roka und air festlegen. 
Air beide werden abei* beetimmt in der allerersten Zeit nach 
Friedenaschluas an^esichts all der crossen Probleme flir die 
Umetellvui^: bmI Priedenswirtochaft noch nicht von hier ab- 
kouiLiiich 8ein, tioda;;8 dicb daruus achon die Notweadigk«it 
Ihrec Beauches kier er,:ibt. 

.tic.i -inv/cic; bctrcffend Verrechnung von £5300 in meinem Brief 
Nr, li TO" 4. ^ - r.atte rein rormalo Bedeutung. 

*et;en ijtlJaaaerika aclu-eibe ich gesondert und kann zu dea 
libri/=;en Inhalt Ihrcr Nr. 47 nur bemerken, dans ich die von 
Ihnen gemeldeter. tntwicklungen sehr begriieae. Ich bin der 
featen Ueberzeugung, daos wir beide und mit una der gesaiiite 
JConzern noch einnnl wirkliche Freud.e an unserem gemeineaaen 
Aiifbauwerk in den UiiA erleben werden, deaaen Bcginn sich im 

3chcn ztia zeimtc;: Male jiiliren wird. Mein , 
ist, lass die weitere Entwicklung so 
dass iie auch persBnlich Ihren wohlver- 
aer Krnte naben, i'iir lie Jie ein bo 
wnren . 

nachston if'riihjah: 
besonderer M-.r-acY. 
Jiunatig verlMuft, 
dicnten Anteil an 
fleisBiger Saraaim 

ydr. i 1 oundlichen GriisBua 


^ ^ 



Exhibit No. 228 


Dr. ?.A. Kerteaa 

N7..V -^RK 

Liebcr Hnrr Tr. ■■'■ rto,--, 
- SUdamerika - 

Ihre NvLi-Tner 47 v-jin 8.J. . i-it cin se .tiger ^r-itra. 

aen ach^eber.den I'inanzprobleacr-, a~ ie 1 ;h Ji<' Ht 
Bcrn'ru, PeHnaa:-. 'in^' Hr. Lehnnrt 'O eif-i-; benuhen. i ei 
diesen »irird die Tataache, daoS .'jIo du3 - 'aiicriica^-eacruif *. . 
a^6 ofrci-biU' vie. ^^ro.istcr Toil :e: v^n u.  rclclr-lurton. 
Gclier ir. Ar.3T>:-aci niramt , bereit:; abj^earossci t haben nd 
iB Aoguat noch abirosstin *erder.,, rroaoe r,r- 
Itiichterun^ ..ocloscr.. 

Aem: ich Sie also iiuoi«^edea8cnir. iieaer Ab^icht ■ ot titaj set, 
so ,;e. c.hii-ht iL.a v or. vie {;•;'.. . •: ... icr. Grunic, .veil ir ■•-■'->- 
lich kcine andcre 'b^lichkeit, 3che^, via Sic ;iuf biil'i 
Glattdtellun^ .^u drangen. Ic;; nabe dabei die Hoffnun, , Jas- 
iniv>i;.v:h'jr. -ic in Vr,r-ergrur.d Aif^ibe, ■.i.'-..'.i?r : JUi- 
aneri/.aor :s'' - '. :itlor. aucy. wahre.ia dea /Trie^-res a<ti ncf '■ 
2u n.alt<;n anu .i«»re.'. Cunden zu bedienen, Ir. ..cjentiich'.;n 
^czoii i:citiot ijt. '.b unl *j:_in allcr.ings die voile 'Jeber- 
lelt'jjii: nuf 'lef-rua^er. a;:s Europa in Bctracht ki-'it, .ar-.ber , 
verisa^: ich ziu: Zeit auci; •bei Jeai Optiraiaaua, de-. p.llr 
hulait;er., nidits ;;u oaf-en. jc- Abbau Jer Forderun^en in 
Siidamerika ;:cheint indeasei 'inter alien 'Jraat .;.irn v.Ii- 
achenawert, vma ich dprecV... vor alien ^In-cn ia >;,neji dc 
f.en&nnten lieirrc.i, i^e.-in ich oio bitte, ^^leichzeit :.f^ Za<' '.; 
Zu,-: fir bal ' lf:e Glattotellun^ uriii ;'erenubGr 1 . K^- jien de: 
■01X3 ^.ejnachtc.'i '^'■ind Ihnen be aj ' t^^egcbenc '. jchriften zn 
- orige:. . 




Exhibit No. 229 

Hr. 56 

51. Au^rust 1940 


Dr. P. A. Kertess 
10 Eadt 40th Street 

Lieber Herr Dr. Kertedo, 

Ein Lichtblick bei meinon dieanali^-er; Berliner 
Aul'enthalt, von dem ich heute .:urUck/-ekerrt bin, war 
die Meldung von Dr. Lehnert, ias8 iinser Antrag in vler bekann- 
ten Devisenangelegenheit in vollen 'Joifan.- renehni.^t -..erden 
soil, wie ich Ihnen bereitj .-nit meinem Xabel Nr. 44, best^- 
tigt mit meinec Brief I>r. 35, in Aussicht ^-estellt habe. 
Das bedeutet also, daas aer GesMratbetra-^ Ihnen bis Knde des 
Kriege^ zur Verfu^jung eteht, un.i :.v,ar wie seither aus- 
schliesslich. ;-.ux Pinanzierung von Seschriften, die vordrin-- 
lich in deutachecj Interesse liegen. ir wollen Ihnen diese 
erfreuliche Nachricht aber nicht eher ubernitteln als bis 
wir den offiziellen Beacheid ier zustiindigen Behorde in 
Hiinden haben. Da ich nioglicherweise urn diese Zeit in Urlaub 
sein werde (Kxir in ."ergentheim) , ha": Hcrr B~,rnau ea freund- 
lichst libernommen, Ihnen dann aofort zu kabeln un<i Sc 
gleiohzeitig uber den genauen Inhalt der uns erteilten Ge- 
nehmigung zu unterrichten. Jedenfall;:. haben damit die lierreri 
Bernau und Dr. Lehnert einen f;ro3sen Erfolg erzielt, lUr den 
wir ihnen sehr dankbar sein mlissen, unJ der Sic in die Lage 
aetzt, Ihre Aui'gabe der Zusnmmenarbeit mit unseren uberaee- 
iochen Korxespondenzstellen im deutochen Interesse auch 
wahrend der waiteren Dauer deo Krieges f or tzusetzer . 


? r d 1 


/ . -V ^-'^ 

274778 — 40— pt. 



Exhibit No. 230 

#31 IJ. Augiist 194C 

Rerrn rr. llextxder Lehntrt 

Llebpr Herr Dr. Lehii<.rt:- 

Tch bcfiierchtt imatr irchr, daec in Berlir. noch nicbt genufgend 
Kltrhtlt herrscht ueber die Lage und StiaiBung hi' r, und obwohl 
ich ohne Keittrcs zu^ebe, dttse vcn deutscher Eeite, ner.igstens 
ijc Ai^genbllck, aucb gemlchts geschchex; kann, um dle^t Lage 
iretr.dikii, ;.ugunsten DeutscMtndt iu beeirJ'Iussen, sc scheint 
e£ tlx doch uestntlich, dasB aiBn ait aller Nuechttrnhelt die 
Verhaeltnlsse 60 betrachtet, mie sie sicd. 

Bconcic koeuite ich Ihnen schrelben ueber eine hervcrragcnd ge- 
scLickte, Schritt f'ucr Schrltt aufgebeute Hietorle, die dieses 
Land unzweifelhaft in den Zr'fg hinelr.trclbt, glelchgtieltlg, ob 
unter Roosevelt oder Wilkle, Torcixge sctzt matucrlich, dasE der 
Krieg richt vor deo naechsten riruehjahr beendet i£t. 

In dlecec Zuseiocpnhtng Ist ea intere:.S6-nt, dfidt rich clner der 
fuchrendcr. Zeilucgssch-rtiber, General Johnson, vor einigen Ta^en 
zu der Behb-4-tine; verstitgui hat, die Ihnun ungtbcuprlich er- 
scheiLen ma^, die aber trotzdeo sehr bcachtenswert ist, naemlicb die, 
daec, werji die Ausaichten i.eiter fcupr.stig sind fuer eine Wail Wil- 
kie's, die Gefahr bestebt, dass Roosevelt dieses Land noch in Le\:fe 
uer ntechsten awei, drei Konate in den Krieg stuerzt. Das nag Ihnen 
einen Anhaltspunkt geben, nas hier vcr elch geht un wie es gemacht 
»iira, »obei es gaeozllA unwesentlich iat, welches die Motive sind. 

Ich wtiss nicht, in wie wait Sie IntereESlert sind, was in Sachen 
lestrick vorgefall?n ist, un - gescndert Itssc ich Ihnen ei nwal 
Zeitungsausschnltte zu^ehen, die sic hoffentlich errelchen werden. 
KoEuncntar ueberfluecsig. Die geraderr. unteheuerliche Kroenung 
dici-er an laacl fuer sich mit Abslcht »esentlicb aufgebauschten Aoge- 
legenteit ist die Ritlassung zreicr fuehrender Industriellerj Rieber 
BUSS sicb von der Texas Oel Geeellschaft xxurueckzichen, Litchfield 
vcn der Good Tear Rubber Company, beides hcrvorragende Leute, die 
fut;r ihre Ge sell schtf ten Hcrvorragende s geleistet haben; beide konn- 
ten von ihren Ge sells chef ten nicht gehalten werderi, lediglich Aufgrxai 
der Tattachc, dass ihre Verbindung aiit lestrick politisch breltge- 
treten worden ift, unJ xairweifelhaft nachfclgend zu solchen Schaedl- 
gjni,en der beiden GesellEchaften gefuehrt haette, dass diese gesmn- 
gen waren, den R\»c)rtritt der beiden Herren zu verlangen. 

Ich icaere Ihnen dankbar, wenn Sip sowohl Herm Direktor Dr. lurater 
in Ludwigshafen, als auch neinen Freund Wittig in Schweinfiart, dieson 
Brief, und spaeter die Zeltungseusschnitte, zugehen lessen wuerden, 
und verbleibe Biit freundlichen Grues£en 



Exhibit No. 231 

So. 67 

J'iiiie 1o, 194o. 

Mr. P, A. Ktrt.Li. 
1o J^.ict. 4o Stre.. ' 
N u w Y o ^ ic . 

Dear Dr. K' rtess, 

follows : 




In the mean-time the TRICOSil 
aasigned to Chemical Marketing CoEpany u:.g 
in ac-ndir.^ you the following documents: 

1 578 139 
1 732 471 
1 844 663 
1 910 297 
1 ?68 152. 
We should bt euc.. "r"- - -'  
kindly i-lve us a cable com'. , 


Biii H. 

,,' your 8 



Exhibit No. 232 


. .ine 7, 1 v4 

. '-• t. - r. 

'T^sidwJt 'jf the 

418 1 

« w 

r /. 

•ar r. r.sUent, VlaiX of -X, >,tJ.«;.-.e. 

In orCsr to dleouaa all .atatan< 
raf.arciaf; our coaaMroial and tacrnlcol rel»^lcma with our 
friaxUa In CSA »• h«T« daolCed t < sand ir. r Inrlota .tiara, 
.ana^er of c>ur . oral, jr. .apartnant anc Irector -' u'' 'lir., 
orar tharo. "r. ^tia.-a "Dl loara urcpa wit- 

Cna of tha i^oot la; t-rtt.". .: sottlad 

finally i8 tta Lloansa tKrear^ant betwaa-. ir 'Iraa, aapaol*lly 
with raapaet to Art. 4. Kr. otie/^.a is wall acg,u*lr.tad vjth 
tfiia aattar and we bopa that you will easily cone to aa 
undaratajidin/: with hla. 

A aaoond !.ot laoe larortant tha Licahsa 

A^raeaant i^etwaan :>i or.t and ouraelTae. vr Icr.tar No. 17 
of Juna ♦, ^94C to :^ F'ont (copy oT which wae 8«nt tt your fiw 
fl'rae claar ovldanca that wa are willing tc ccisply with all 
wlehas of ini >ont in t is respaot. ihotad, howerer, any point 
naad furthar axplanatlon, Sjr, -tla/.e will, of couraa, ^a 
dlspoaad to discuss vhaaa oattars with Xta cnt. 

Itaro la furthar tha quastlf ; 2 175 04C/41 

tttOLlar AL1M35CL (aaa our lettar of jao.25, ly^-jj which slRbt 
parhaps ba sattlad J'Jirin,? tha sojourn of -ST. 3tiara ir. C3A. 

Tbasa are, of ecuraa, only first hinta to firm 
you an Ida* of tha aoopa and alaa of ^r* jtlasa's vlait 
to USA»- It is aalf-'Yidant that Xr. Stia«« will call 



Exhibit No, 232 (continued) 

on our rauB^rone ct^.cr "rir^nia Xn V,iA, amoiig oth«r« 
waerican coapany, HantJy & HarsHUcit Bail^ 4t 
laraon Cbnd er. on. 

Any as latamse which you way« J'r. dti«g« 
ur^r, , hia stay i.n 'JSii will be hl^?hly appreciated by am, 

ioura very truly 

n^ Jy^a^ 

,'..i^..„:.., .-■.,« ..:;.:4». ,..^--..:^ ;«ijLi 



ExHiiuT No. 233 


Hemi bireitor Hermann Sc;J.os6i-r 
irfcaltlUrt a/aaln 

4. Sfaptembbr xMO 

Lleber Uerr ScUosser: 

Ler - entschoialgen Sie bitte 
selnen Abscfiiuss gefVniec. 

iCriain«jLroi«an Treppt ifat runnecliat 

Auf lelner ivuecirel:;« bin Ich nooh elnoal Jtn ,;esaat.en Schrif trfcchsej. 
aurchgeKha&tii, un air ins Geaaecitni3 lumecit zu rufea, 'iass Sie 8o- 
wohl pt I so'ini ich wl? such ourch brlefi ia ha ion aes KooiernB iauer 
vieder oarsuf hliw^evlesen .nai^n, wle ^.Tosscn nert ^iu uaraut' ie^en, 
uus<.reQ trcua'. irgenawo zu trelTea, irenii e^ niuhi ooe^lloii seia i^oil- 
te, uie Llnrelseeriaubais oixcn a ierl.<n zu erial ten. 

Nach Lrhalt Ihrer ersten mtteiiuiu wurae unsertrEells seibstverslaeno 
lien biles nur t-ruen<j.ich Moe^xlche unterooau'^n, um oie k.lnrcl5eerx6.ut>- 
nis lu erhaj.tea. Lis wlr Hiite einci i.a»ea.t.s in nas .in ,ton fest- 
steileD itussten, aass aer Konsui in Tu<yo ueo Stau i/eparlaetit ai be- 
frijien liti^vtaxXv hatte, Obsa er oicht in car Luge sei, unseren yreu..- 
ein Visum zu ertcLien auiVruoa eln>38 iiio voa berllner Aaer.^buischen 
Konaui. vorilet,tnaen Berichtes. 

bs ist uns aarueber binaus -ait, Hiii'e aes |:ieicnea An«alt6 gexur. 
zustelleii, aass uer Aoeriiaaiach- KoiiSul in Berlin bti Ve*TH.fcerunt. -•■:> 
Visuias Ton aer Irrtuemiithen Auffasaun,; auStje^bn, 6rt »ar, -ass Lire<to; 
St. in /ilrkiic Kelt nicht fuei- cie ijcheiaeanslait r6ise;i wuerut, son-ui u 
fuer uie behoerue, von a<,r er vorher su niiitaei 5.3C;ien Zwec,c4n cint eiiogen 
woroen war. Casere trU.aerun^, Herr i^lreiLor St. seil viexcii Jaliren 
Lire^tor aes Konzerns 1st, una ale jeoer aooere jjiiitaercicnstpili'i^htifkn 
iitera voruebergehena aiaii':ZO(^ea war, oain aber irieccr entltssen ^orjen 
i>t, UD- slch aer L»e us^-a-iionzern ..rst naca seiner tniiassun*' vntscViios- 
son hut, llm auf oiest. Relse zu so .icxea, wurae nicht fuer .'laubwuertii? 
erachtet in Anba'^rticht oer nun Hler einnal vorherrac ienden stlacunj? una 
in UtoerBinstiji;;unt; alt uer nelson^, <eineri=l Vi3e:i an tieutsche Ouer Ita- 
iiener zu erteilen, es sei cenn In jcan^. beson-eren Ausoar-aefaeiien, r^ 
uie aer Aussenminlster oie Cieneital.^'uiv. iciest erteilen KOonte. 

Hachaea also auch aieser Vsrsuch Bitalun, en war, nuseven «rir ale Idee ena- 
gueltig auf!?ebea, ols tinretseerlauonis fuer Herrn St. zu erhaiten, un 
es bli-ib nur utbrl^, l>in aul' uer lAiro o-^lse an oora seines Schlffes z-. 

Lani I'reun-schtftiiehcr oeziehuncen an aer westicueste, un^ aanic uer Suhr 
iraftvoilan Ontersvu!;tzun^: soioher treua^a war eS tir talun^en, an uaa 
An^unftstag, nXt auch uea AbfahrtstSfc, >^lfc i.riaubnis zu eriialtcn, an bora 
zu gehPa, unu »ii h».tten (jeife.:' nheit, uns In nlcht «enl»,er ais ell' St loaen 
conzentrlerter Arbeit ueber aiies iiotwenclge zu unt%rhaatea, una ale ,a- 
samten Aiten, uifc Herr St. lein sceuberilca aitgeoracht hatte, ourcazu^ehea 



Exhibit No. 233 (continued) 

6ic <oemien v-rsichtrt s.Sn, -as;-; elies in j5--,r ncis? c-csc&ns ia 

Iut8re...-t fcs .\jn • Puructe, 

Dez*. hui ^i. tin. :> , ^ ,encn 

zwei ftochec noch ^i.son;.5rt tin, tn-n, so«eit sii einer oteilungTMihje 
unstrersfcits rioch Dtuuferfen. 

t.ii,^ nhllt 



Herrn 5t, Oui niitrociter Gesuaa- 

i>o,Ute!i bie seltel perssoeaiioh iK)ch irgeaaKeiche fTagi L-e2:-ueglich 

Btiiner i<us&.a scsunim" t. icit Hex-rn i>l. rei-ae ich aohi von i,. .,-ren. Im 

■aebriren auerJ'te es wohl gfcaue,:er., aas.<. ich mich Euf ooige Ausfuehrungen 
b;.;;ohr8eni;e, unu Vtrsj.eioe ale ireu.'Kuichen Cruessen 




Exhibit No. 234 

n\ - t>M 

£5. JviU 1340 

DeulBche Gold- und'r-Scheiae&osttJt 
FrorJcfurt t/lUln 

i.Hd. it. rirO.tlwfr 
Sehr gaehrte Hexicu:- 

Wlr b«staeU.£aa dan Sln^aag Ihras Cabels, lavtaaJ •!« rslet: 

STOBtOIK} !WR rot-^ DOLLAR 25,000 JACitTni LKi^lCOGi HiClT.'iZ HAB;n«tT GTOE^IAn 

HACHnm ijtBEiwEisDNG FiEU-ioET, Bmu.Eor TCTN rsB!; HicT raoupr 


Ztinnechs't toachten wlr Sl« srauctien, «rla sc'^oa ju wleJarholten Salnn jje- 
aciiehen, jerada solche Sabal ilcht uub-; Weetern Wnion zu schloien, ila 
•Inzl^e Xabel^asollschaft, larou Sel-iun^-a saeatlleh durch ila brlllsche 
Zensa- ieheu. la uobi-l,;Bn wlraas der fJtan Oriauuj halbsr fu«r li* Akt -. 
beamier gawessn, das Kabl »aore toq Llcltfstt g«ko-»«ei, ua Vonsaquent r> 

faa Thr Veilan^en ang«M, rr t3i«u''-n r^', '1»«salb«n uawjc^lich xu diaaca 
2eltpun'<t neehkoa'san :u koeonaa. 

I« lateraasa dar dautschan 7olV<nrlrtsoh«ft la allgeiaelnan, tmd l"* Ta- 
tareaaa unsoras Koiutaras Ij beaoa'loraa, hab«n »lr aofort n«ch Ausbnich 
das Srle^as die ruehl'iafcoahie rx:il getam^^n alt IhrcQ jued-n3«rl'<«nl3-"> 
Korrespoolanlei, 'oa lu arrelehan, dasa durch *lne Bell»fijrung Tgn aa^rl- 
kanlacbaa Chsal'caliaa dlaae Tartrotar la d'a vernc'aiedaaon sued-a»»rl<£»- 
aiachen Laanle.-a la dla Lage versetit aardan, Ihren Kuadankrela ra ar- 
haltaa Tiad dles-in nach Abschl-iss iea Srlajes aaf die deatachen Interas- 
aeaten wladar uaberfuahren n Icoaonaa. 

fir haban dlaaa Taatiikelt aufi«ao««en ohne Rueo^iifht xaT irgenJ aeleha 
Fra^e iea Oeirlrmas fjer aosora QaseLXachaf I, lusil die sobarfe aaerl^a- 
ulacho Konkurreaa In rtalao Faellen die obeu aafief-aebrteu Int<'.-3i3ea «ifs 
Schaarfate bedrohte und ana gezwuagan hat, die Praise to ionkurrensfaoM^t 
jTi stallan, daaa wlr alnen G«»lan fuar una In dl«ssr Transal^tlon sa gut 
wla gam aussar Acht laaaaa auasten. 

Ab 1. Jul! betrJt«» unsera AusBenataeade, wis acbon an andarar Stell* er- 
waehnt, ueber 154,000. --. Ziuiaatilich hlinn l»t lu brraackciobUgan, 
daaa wlr noch Ijanor eln beachtllchea Lager via etwaa ueber ♦20,000.— unter- 
haitaa, Inabeaoadare la Trlcoaad, d«« tob dar Cha«lschen fahrli Gruonaa 
noeh Tor d«» Krleg reehtzeltl^ nacb hler rerJChlTft »erdaa konnte. 

8i« sehen hlertlt, dasa die CaaaatforderuOfceTi Lic:cf»tt nebersUagen aerden 
durch die Ai»B»an«taande uad dan Lagarbeatand. 

- Z 



Exhibit No. 234 (continued) 

S'" - ',".::, f»>rr!v- tser-a. t'- -• -htljan, -las- wi.~ aaisriafcSn slad, 4«n aaerl- 
"■ • -n "^ . ■=f «.■! iVi'en iS^'^r'. Aushft-' viljua^ ier ?er3Shlf- 

51;~i><";j '.Si.i!5 ^&^iis. tolainjiat.  
hat sli^h he-^as-ealjllt, da^ 
;^a>:* an, ' ' " " . 

iTara hsben, aai «8 

Sare Uesa'iltn, bl3 *u 
a Ee*.r^«£a bet unsarsr 

S#'!')r .,, . 1st. «taB sehrlttwalse H,i;Bii.i**.J.3!i »39^11«h, soXlt«o 

319 • • .--s-j^ic^ koaaen, dass dl« Sasc'^raeSirja^ ier Betxa«ie la 

laisae.. ; -c^tjih^i; TjT;?*' rtscHaft- aad d»r Konra-' ^t,Br•s39n wlchtl^er 
lit, »ls dl* B«lii" " i- 3Ti«<l-sa«rr-caai3 .' -ter, smi »ir lassea 

i»a. ."jelll..: v^n Th — •jjhaniaa leisjnjaa ; ' 8e*i«haag leiten. 

Tir das'i ueVsTirtaa, laa yon ans aufgelwut* aaod- 
loTsrt,, be-lnajni ait i«B Sin^anj Ihrer tSwrantapre- 
rii.-ST-?*-! :.■ -jan, »aohen 3i« »«lbstv»rstaea41ieh 

^srvi." Svi" . . '3«facr<r»t»nat;^>j our <raccesslv8 beglaooa 

koimnen un' »1- CiSt'ir^isiis-ii nlDhi la der ^' \ Ihaen aaf SabslVeaeh«id 

Ib dlssea Saaajnaahua;: -'  -^ Txaaaat, dMS aaa geraile In den Tergan^aao 
Wochea awae tuTiabsa ^a_ -Jaa siad aaif dea Cablet Bass8j-»t3ffsup«r- 

OS5"! a^T-i »ia Soi!g«ij.. ..-.*: il«3B beiden Arbet tsgcblste iraerdea aslbat- 
verj* arch e?_ae Sassrva^se, »1« sia la Ihrs« tabei aaija-lautet ist, 

wsiin _- . . . -. ?r»^a ^astallt, s-' doch s\a» sialesteo erhehlich gefanhrdet wBrdaiL 





Exhibit No. 235 


Sr. 62. 

4. Junl 1940 

Dr. P A.E«rt«8s 

e «t 

T r k 

Vlr babcn von der 3cb»«ls gahfirt, daas too dort aua 8202 

imch Sudaaerllca nlcbt a«ar v«rachiftt w«rd«a ^annt da 
achlffsrsiuB w«nig«t«na TUr h202 aloht but YBrfUguxup ottht. 
Was f'Jtr Schwelaer Ware gilt, trifft In glolohor feiae flir 
War* andarer jireaugar In nautralaa Uindarn su, dla Ton 
)Iltt«la«artUifan Terladan nUeetan. Dla Sohirals wird alch 
unter dleaaii UnattodaD alt dar Bacco in Yartelodung aatsaa. 
daAit diaaa dla aUdaaerlkaslaohao Tarbindungaii dar 
3ch«al«er Harstellar in daran Aaftrag und fUr dltat balla- 
fcrt. Dlasa Foraullarunp ealgt, daaa Ban daa Oaaohiift of fan- 
bar la Irgandainar Por» gaoalneoha/tlich, alao untar Tall- 
na^iAa der 3cbHelsar an dan Verdlaiiat d*r Bacoo.batralbon 
■Ochte, Sine dlrakta Battttlgung dar Ba^oo In Sudaaerlk* 
ala Verknufer xmd Liaferant aoll Termledan warden. Tielmahr 
wollan die Sohweleer das tteochlift vollkoBUsan in dar Hand 
behttltan und ihreraelts ale Varkftiifer von nordaaarikanlechar 
Ware In SUdanerlka attftretan. fie wlr soaban hOran, hat »an 
dieaerhalb achon per Eabel Bit dar Beeoo in 7«rbindung 
geetandan. Eina Vareinbarung let aber nr ih nlcht euatande 
gekoa»en. da die Bacco elnan «u hohan Praia varlangt. Et 
wurde voa 25 eta geeproohan, Jedoch alaaan wlr nlcht, wia 
sioh dleaer Prela verateht. Dla Schwaizar wollan ▼arauahan, 
ainan gunatigaraa Elnkauf af rale Ton dar Bacco an Hand m 

fir haban dar«iuf hlr^awleaani. daaa wlr ron dar nauan Sacb- 
laga aucn unaare Preunda untarricbtan oUeaan and diaaa 
araMchtlgen werdan , auch ihr«raelta den audaaarikaniaohan 
Karkt Bu'badlanen und swar aolanga wle kaina Terse hi ffunga- 
B^glichkaitac ab Htlfcn baatehan. Wlr blttan 
3ia, dlaa !■ Anachluaa an Xbra fruharaa Tarhandlungan In 
geel^atar ffelae Ton dort aua su tun. 

Oa aina Konkurranx der balden dortlgen Baratallar onteraln- 
ander zu Tamelden. wftra ea wohl rataaa, daaa 31a Ihrer- 
salte varauchan daa Cupont-Seachbf t Ubar Ihra Piraa an 
laltan. Perner vara alna Teralnbarung ait dar Baoco sa 
arw&gan. dla aua SUdaaerlka herainkoaaendan Auftraga bu 
teilan, und sw^r alnerlai . ob diaaa bal Ihnan odar bai da^" 
Becco alnlaujfan, odar der Bacco Ton dar Schwala Ubarslttalt 
werdan. Saa Interaaaa &uf unaarer Salte gett dahln, daaa 
d^a Qeachift nlcht ait nauan Tarblndungen aafgaeogan «lrd; 
aondara daas nacb wle vor die altaa Abnahaer und fertallar 
der Xonvention ballafart werdan tlber die dla Korreapondanta 
aiaallch untarrlchrat aind- Oawiaaa Untariagan 
dUTftanJet£t auch Ton Anr Schwalz an die Bacco galangt aala. 



Exhibit No. 236 

I. 9ULf 
8m fwOA, IruUiM T. Sktober UNO 

U«b*r Vnr 8tiec«t- 

fcrkiailiehstm Buk tur Iht frwfltrliai iehrcibaa, vsa A—tta 
ZiAfkli i^ iB aUes Uilm &«Batals atiwu» b«te. 

fei)r»se^o«8«c ftaer frwud h, ^Amit Llate d«r PMdricto, die tit 
yf&etmllhmtX «B»ablet«a ia atmr L»£» claii. 

IL« leb Ih&en sclbwrtait 1a oosftrbr Battorwiuac ^fc|;«ia«ter sub Jut*- 
4b«eic te«cbte, b«st«bt dL« MeegiictdEAlt (i«r itnfoahMHig dn- mtcbMO.- 
••tti«a« teKltdibaeea Btir, aeea deb <^e flrac. Ihr«i fncadM I>. atiW 
MbllesMs karaa, CMchaefte &uf 4«r ImI* ▼<» XriHiltlarlAfen m t»»tS««a. 

Ia I»t«r«MW «dX«r i*t«lli«t«c> Isabea sir g«rft4* im L^at* iar B«aeh«tn 

iMMt* •!• «te wteblifite* CMctaMf i 1« Arg«iftUid«i carehnAMla^a, 
l)»r«itf\Mbroag T M MM i r Ci^taL troll bwa«p»«cJtt. !■ hMdaUt «icd! hl«r 
aa da Miir ^roM*s C«8Cb&*ft fa«r l^raoati i.a«lb«rt fiscbar. Iaf«l^«d««s«a - 
aai lab amaachi aioht« etaas liir fcaiuxl i>. viaaara ff mail all a l«ca al«»» 
vamtaMkI aa biaiaH alcb ua ala G«»chM>f t von aiaar fiartal m^^*** BeULar - 
iai m awwfiw>gUcfa aptawdi^, d&sa bdl aiaer AaadafeoKig da* Caaehaafiaa 
tta liirti Xrattttariaf wtrd, and iel> <s9iie «dcJtlich k«la« febalarlciwliaa* 
aarw Ztera Traaate aielii m (Uaaaa !««• aabargeiiaa inasaMU 

Za <ilaa«a faUopi ida air •• ia Aar Aafrag* Sarlaa GarbeaaU eraiebUieli t*- 
Ma«ki habaa, aoardaa vir dla Margie faar wta aaf daa Aa a aa ar ate beschzaaakaB^ 
aad loll ULa aabonaactw d&ss liir* ft lailii aaf < i a a ar laala aabor iri«l faaa- 
atlfcr ead kMlcarr«aa£a«higer «iaiu«r<to iB^nnni. 

■aa daa Extrakt aagahi, babsa «lr - ia allar OrftalMlt - tolaariai dlracta 
■olateaiaa aa A»m f arfaraacbers, aad aa aaeraa aioh tmtr aaa asoh aehaar- 
11^ TarlebaMf dlaaa lajtiafaunjan J«txt aMtwaaayfaa, aBaoaabr, ala aiaa 
aolefaa Iaatl(fc«it m Sta«nta«|«B faabrao <««aat«« ciw aioht la Zattraaaa 
Ikrar fSraoaila llecw itaxm. lafalgadaaaea Maaawi sir voa dlaaaa dascliaaf t 
aaillataaaMtlc *lwitaart m»taaaa. 


Exhibit No. 236 (continued) 
- i: - . 

lu d«D letst«w AbsAts uigabt, so bin Ich air kl«r mmb*r dl« iorbaltac^ 
■diwchaft, ab«r alcht g«aB«c«od erfiaaorisch, «■ m ▼•rst«h«ii, ms !!• 
OBtar loaiouTonTW twhaen varstuidan h&bca daarf t«u. fi«Ll«leht iA«««B 
11* adch la di»»a* ZusajBenhong C«ii*««r«s wia««o. 

lasvlachftn ist ein aaaiu- C«alchtq«nkt. hlanifiakaaaca. Ic aoard* bIcIi !»• 
t«r«Baler*Q, oie Aacicht IhrM fraoadM L. 1b dd.«8<« Tm>— nh>rn la 
llr Mifraaaa &!• Toralchtlg*, OKchtartte G«*eb««f talent* ait 4ar ■aasUchiiaii 
•laaa liatrltta oar fcralnigtaa Staktaa la «taa Iriaj^ raahaaa^ ana aa aaarila -. 
oaa duim <ds ftacrluialach««r GaaAllxihaf t. aaaoa^llch —iM, ait fimao 0»- 
aebaafte su aachea, ui* aof der achaarsan Lliita atabao, alaa aacb alt 4mr 
flrab Ihrt.8 Frauaaea L. Dasveifelhaft bin. aieh IVvta fraanctM acbaa laaagat 
uabar dlAd« Lags Idar ^aaordan on. bab«i aohon aln^- r«ln taraaHlAoiaetea 
Ga«ei.l3< haft, b«il dar ali«rtiliii.t. In keln«r fairn I)ir« Fraandka la IrachalaMf 
trataa daerf tan, gecraaaaat. 

lob selbat trugc nleh la Aae«nhl.lck alt den Oadanltan, aioa aaua Gaaall- 
acb&ft su gruancen, die dann Torausalchti-lch In Argaotialaa^ «ia auok te 
Braalllao, «1d sl^aoaa ttu«ro aofaachan auaroa} ainaal, ua oia aairt MWfUra 
niachan Oaacbaafta alcbariustaJLiaa, sua laaitao abor asch, ua £m&t oaa 
aoagllcben fall tin Blada^Jad alt aadaraa fraaaai la aadaran t««adara 
•ichargaatellt su alaaan. 

Ua alaaaa, daaa uoaar Harr Eoch Laaar B»ch baabdehti^t^ aaah IfaaUlaa 
su fahrao; aoala dla Paaafrac* k*<i*«rt lat, aarda lob dMreh Kabal ant^ 

sprachaod* Bachrlcbt £abaa« 

lasalacban bla leh air klar gaaoniao, daaa basaacXicb dm falfaaraaaptaa 
gaalaae Oalilariiel taa aufgajcoaaen alnd, uad aaa«9,{an aaaAa iah Ihaaa 
daa Sohlaaaaai, aufgruad dasaaa flla aaa iafklaaroag gabaa kaaaaaoy \ 
Karaacblaaa llagt. 

•it baralicbaa Omaaaan bia ick 




Exhibit No. 237 


fill OKtUKtUtlJK lU. LEDTSCUcJ RIi.?CL(U>7 IN Ml 

Cte Fihi«r d«r fergeJkginheii cutrfe • als g«na jee*. biinant TorauHftOB^Ut ««r- 
a«n, ua hler sua G«^«idUtKi van iro«irtt>rua({«ti ,«uft£.ch^ x^ w<?ru«i:. inXit' «iu« 
Dftrat«£ huc irgbnd »««Q Qruenden uoch ^traccsiteaaic erM;h«ln«o, so ijian 
cl«o« h«trsoat gttle4:^iUl^h vor|^«l«gt »«rcl*:i. 

8cha«rfst« f«r«iah>^iUichun£« i^lchenm^ ^n^DtM £u«aaseiw; tsdsclien uauea- 
dlgMk R«£irruagft«t»IleB UB(< PrlTS>t«irt«chiif t, unc elne Latitun^ ^ar*?*:'- 

iichea frfti^aa In Jeo«r- el02«aa«n Ptuistft »lfl ttit. a«a Ueutttcbori, vie ecu ftjaertxjk- 
clsch&s fferhkaLtniasea ivAcbmui^ trci«(,'t, aim. ^<iu •v.e.c.JL«^»>&euae>i foru«irtai%«a 
Eur Kmldboa^ c^^a £««aea8cht«a £rfoIt'»-. 

OrgnolMtorltcii Mil«a <:r«i Cruodpfeiler ale Strv'.>.tar bilcMat 

I}.. Rl< llM'-»il».-H»8Sr,„.iA..AifcrlM ^It^rM ol Trad« iflr 
0«raea-Aaoric«Q C<mm«ix«, X»e.)» B«upUlU la l«« tar/., Z*«U,fit«rli.6.i In Chi.- 
eaga, 8*s Orleoaa^ Sae ^iicl»GC>. Prat-aiasnt ier M&3aelsKiuH«rt ■err C.f. ix'^a^ 
kittoX, f orsl ts«tt(!«r 4mi AtiieichtMr*t«aa aar a«uUch« R4>Qu«^MtUch«. 

Alt •«tt9r« l>lrftii.t»r«a leoma^a La fr(.«et 

Herr Uorhtrc Schu«t« 
Berr H. iJretrT*n 

JO.* Aafsichtcrat«Bit4JLi*aert 

Icrr Bariy lailtt««a 
sniil •ei.t«ra V«rtr-jtci 
lit. Til 

3eut»cher Inuusirlef lr*fca 

ADL«s«r<i«i •oil &«r L«tit»chea Benc«lBii.&CA^.r aniK;etiIl«osrt vcruaa c » Bacro datia 
XaUanwelivs, fu«r iralchaa Aat Isn" Frea G. Tauber Torteachie^iaa «lrvj. 

Pmaeldentaa u«>b*rla£e«a 

Dla i«»«ahl daa elgaatllcttm Arb«iUaUb«is ftoii b« 

D«r leadalsiiaaaer wirJ ititer aai:«s'-l*>'*rt dar 

l^utache *liU».hAt tobeirat 
(Q«r«Mi Traaa Couocil), 

d«r aich xuaaaaaaaatat aua can ;.u baataij.«oc«n (b«r^ahlt ooar ahraoaaUich) f«r- 
traiaru car Tar«c':ladeneB Viriavri*it»fcrupp«n. 

Saa foraita aabar dasan tlrtachaftabairat futhrt car hi-jaL^e _aut»che B<.a^au»- 


Exhibit No. 237 (continued— 1) 

t) Th« A— rtra» Qrmin for Irad* >fith 6«r»>ay> Ii... PrfteslowU Imt 
O«orf* f. Isucr. XL a Llr«<tor«a KoaaM la irfti 

■•XT Bovara P. Ii>s«tia voa Laira, ila— 1a A Maa d a 
larr Ber«Aa A. <aiiaar, Ch«jiic«I Hank ft Tziut Caa^aa^ 
aia Tartratar (^crlAa.-xl3chcr Ray «»] 1 iataraaa -a 
ala f avtratar roa Gaaarai Hatera 

•ia fertratar dar Iktloaai BanafactBrara Aaaouiatioa 
ala fa^iratar oaa Itotloaai Couocii. of Aaarlcan lapnrtara, Xae. 
Harr A.O. Ooeiaoa, Hlaaa, haari^^, iorr i laaaaon, ala 

Each tabara tar 
Dr. ftL, aa.a S^nti-aiMmnn r&it oar Cautaehan Haai1aiaifa«M«r 

Oar Aufslchtarat aXthX. UBi«r oaa Voraltt von Barra Joho K. taXlara, 
ion S&ad^ Zbc., uau ala Mit^xleaer aaa lafaicntarat«a ^oaaaa la FrafaC 

Harr Vil'liAa ▲. 6cha> 

Cr. A, Schaorar 

drai fartrvtar dar badaataodstan aaarlkaolachaa 

fabrlxtrntaa vma Bfeouaiavarfaaaada 
larr C.F. Aratxldahl, Praaal.aat a« Garaan tmtr. 

Bearu of Trada, loo. 

Ea «ird dia Mauptaufi^aba biaaar Orjcaalaation aela, oia jMraoaBilcca farbd»» 
auAt; AuaoUMffaa uik; lu pflegoa salaehas aM.rl«aaiach<ta Fabri«aBtaB aad 
uaraa aaal«<!aa Or^alat. liooaa !■ Pautachiand. 

I) tta ^ nMi M t*^'*^'-^ ^i hitt lMti» ***' fO-f ^— Imitaraliea and (»> 
aaOlacfaafUichaa AuaUudc^«a salaoba* Paat— hiait mo A«brl«a. 

ftocr dlaaa Orgaaiaatloa Jonsaa !• fk«e** 

■arr br. t. Kabl 

■arr Dr. P««t«r /. Ka**aXar 

■arr &i-hard Uch 

Barr Dr. FaK 

forauaaaiaaag fttar oia arfol^r«ich« fiau-chfa^bmc ««r ArWlt dar abaa ^^^ 
aaimtaa OrfaalJatiattaa lat uiu tkhaffuat^ aia^r , aai^attaa Staila ia'Mi- 
nlatarlua la BarXia, dia - vail vertraiit ait aao ■aarlfcaiitwlw farbaalW 
ulaaaa - ala gcalcnatar fiafeaapielar ale eban aurgaftMkartaa 
roll vnu gaitt aotarataibiat oad aarae Srfolg alGharatallt. 

Daa Irfordaraia •ehaertater f araiohalU^cbaac laaaat aa t^abotan 

vUiaa aaaohl KagieruasMtallea, via *acb jadaa alaaaloa llltcll*d d«r PvlrAW 

•Iriachaft jafllctaa asariicaaiachca Fxaaaa aad ft^aalvanma mr wnuniMKt 

■aah varharlgar Maratua* ait uaa abaa fa«tealat(UB Ayparat wmt 

atlaaitaa Orgaaaa. 



Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 2) 


1. dea>;riaiQi; su) 

&s •rscheiot *ipj:ehi-a8»ferL, -its t'rbt,^ su pmeft"n, ot ?j3 «ae:stiichen 


tin solchtfS &&ajclastiuit Auer-6 -i<. .'K)t«c;iulL»; Versiahcl'-lichun^ tiuch ouf 
-iweffi 7:ltht-?ti ;"lmiB;.lcllta &e;.l«t, ..e 'Shri'.l^tuu. 

! Larueb^r hin&us ^chaint oeuc{:UU-h, cu.aa -i-j aIj Icx^iin^ von {»«3>,jui«l"tea 
i in f.elseo*.ri, hutcwanaereraar*, iHSon.era, un^ tohaxiche Spurtea ui^ dl«»fea 
I K^fie jo-ohi Qen i>euu<.rfnl. 2^:n -cr o<i.;t3cl <^n I^tvlsc.ibfcl^tjr; , wic adch aeu 
! luheLtrn Cer TerfccuitueiKen Uarifiorlcn uno ae-tach.a < wrtpapl- r^r. schr vlel 
iclflt'^nfcSfabhiiier Kcchaun, tre,.'sn sucruts, i»is .-le» ror cea £rla£ cer F«ll war. 

Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 3) 


G<iaein£>aa ait Berm tiJJ.eni'-.ler Tmh: einn B-ai-; echuni-. Tsit Herrn aollcsen 
at&tt. Me«« Bc'^jjj •churito liat r,in''anufr'-i er, -!Uco, tifasa H Ti n BoU^iftea 
le«iifcilch una •U£3chi.id3e.4.icJ ai'> f ra ,en utB lt«uLi-fivaclti.t,cf. beewihef- 
ti£en. Lr bttonte zu «ltcierholte:i Jlaltn, uass ex- r.lcht In aer L&, o sei, 
rui Locsung Bll^eaeinci /rsj^ea ir, eaa 9t«t3 l^i2-!tr:ie,en, siissl foOi- I'm 
Prohleao, »le 2«ii, "Du.apla^", u-.^ a6'>allchfc, garr.icht oealo.^en *ucrue.';. 

£• iB-3sat eich cii-cht leu. QbOf dtiee Uerr Hoil'^ts q U a £ln<.: uc* tinea 
etwaa ■t;e»*ettit;t.eB'' Oesc'fihef tsju.aa'^s , ea&cht h*il, Je;*^eo Veit)ln-u:i4,ea 
unc* iint.n2i-!ij.'jr Statuj seibatT'lratfcjn.iio'; iu j^effissca ."jihaen _..'»utie 
(?6«acht wercen Ko<3ua-.a. lin yxtivt. tAiierf-ir. rL:u sc'...-.rxlc' in fru^e 
£oas«.n auft dan oben ao^c.eb^aea Uruva:f !i. Ea iat Oesa'c.-a !:> i^en Aud~ 
fu«hrurv;ea vorc;fe8Chiagen •, iho »Kcc<TM»^6sij im au: sicMsrs t aer 
HazviaifiKti.iaer olozudchfiitea. 


Exhibit No. 237 (continued — i) 


HeiT ILoiiaar, .-ait u&t » rdc-il> . u-.- i5«j, tc'iua en jU.ttt»*Ittrvo«u hfeb*n, 

•:r jnu seine b&r..^ b.reits ■uBi.t.z ic'ia-t« bcziahuri^ao su &«ra.ln abeii, 
uort auch grosser Anaehta e,*>n'.esa«n, *&er ^ea«e ;:n, wvil 
aolno Batiii bL.:a ole elaiLf^e weehi tiac u^a £rie>,6a anj auch Jetzt L«. tac't— 
land fcecvnu'rber -iln tfcCtuios' s ?.-*i» ,«iel,L JfcL, Lt G»Je,«;n8«t2 au 
z.b. ::ei C:.^se Hbtlutuu. HuHp j-ii bx ei^i^ttea clt. i)«3C^slae>« iBfc ;^cu.t. o i«r 
GuthmbCQ hier of. {.riebdii unu .wfoeroert hi.t. 


Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 5) 


4. B«acriniB£ rj) 

6«B«las«a Bit H»fm lelleraeier faiM* tin Begprechun^ ait Berrn 
Ccrclcs itfttt, omz var atr *8(iprechua£ in j^rossen Zueten too Herrn 
Kell*rB«i«r UBt«rrlcht£t worctin >mr. Intiresfeant *loa aus der 
Oaterbaltaag twi PuokU IsstKuhelteat 

1) Aaf die lufforciwi-ung van torf»c'-i*«r:en eolchtr Herren, cde 
fuer die Gruppe in frage koa»€fn, war Htrr CerciBs alcht, la -er Lege, 
•Uflser o«Q bereits la frage itoasjca' en Hcrrtn Areoci lii uad Schu-it* 
aiid«r« Bcrrea wwhaft cu mtclmu. 

£) &«1b£ B«»taet4.guB«, <u.»8 auch •!• cii-.- fer^riaheitiichuafe: aiitr 
deatschen Bftji4later»9»«i In elnca ^e«eias»*a«n SaakloBtitat hler 
fa«r ai« richtig. i«#«uflf h&elt, Schwieri^tiUa ieoij^lch .srln 
»i«ht, lit'y Toa oleeea IiuitlUit »chiufc£a«|, ^ie Ges.haefte 
•uf die •iaifclaca Baa^ea druebec zu ▼•rt«iiea siau. Im aebri^on 
hailr «r UQB aitgeteilt, cUi8« cr»c>K»n 8clb«t elaen cer&rtiien tlen 
fta«g6«xbeltet hat, uasd ihn *uj- iet,ebeaeii 2«lt Torsuiefesn bereit lat. 
iach TOD S«it«i G*8 Eerro Gfejrue» *urae Bi*-.eru« betont, ciss .le Arb«it 
•Ifier •olohen Qrttpp« udc. aeren Plaene ftutachlleasiich «bh«.enj,i^, ift 
a«T«», dase Ciseer Pl&n ia B«rlin bei aer ricfatii.en Steile Tori^eie^t 
•ird, uoQ feucb Toa oieser SteJLlfc nicbt nur Prytfun-, sjunern such 0»- 
t.rftA«tKiukfy erfaahrt. Ia aicbSB ZusaAaenhtaj, miha t.x atuch soi' die 
Erf*hruag«a hla, ale ca Htsrra It. Taanfenb<.ri. alcht .raoei>icht •J.tten, 
■•lae »achg«»aes»ea forschiaegs la Beilin ents^rechtnc »ur Gdtung i-u 
brlB£«a, unu but lurchfuahrun^. 

t» ward* TeraiBbart, dass cile Gruppe, b«8teheac aus cen Barren 


CercfcB ^^ 

6cha- U '■*! 

It. FAK 

lltte aaachster locht^ zu eiae« '^rataa G^-d&nicttaaastauach rusaissentreffaa. 

274778—40 — pt. 2— — 26 


Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 6) 


5. UmfTOta^ to) 


bi* g«i«la«aat B«spr«cbMii^ Kit Hi>rra ftchueti bftt •■ d«uti.ichBt4»n Zeu^nla at^ 
galttr^ TOQ a«a anbaiitbhrMci Zuet*ena«a In aar Hearboltun^ ^•■l.tsi.r Frafen vor 
daa lriet{. 

B«fr*ct ua forachiaa^i) vo& aolchan Berrrn, dl« ontar Oaataanoan herangfei^eao 
vbraan Icoannan cur forla^n^ tod ^onatruuctlTan Voracbiaagan fM*r al» Caatai- 
tun£ i^ar dautachen llrtachaXt aacb aaa iria^, aunia una oar Baac Ton Barm voa 
daaa w>r^al«gt. 

Ala BagruaadUBc ^b Barr Scbuats as, daaa B«rr won Ilaaa erhahlicha Batraaf* 
bla roT (val Monatan a«ch ieutachlanc: abgafuahrt baba, uac mr aua dlaaar TaV- 
aache aci^laavan aueaat;, daaa aaln Caachaaft aln aahr oafaa^ralchaa aal uod 
aaiat^ Qaachaaftatuechtl^jielt ala baatnc .siert baaaicboat verdao aaaaaa. Maaa 
iLTt^iaiaate faahrten zu alacr acharfaa Datw. ..ultiuic la aaran farXaaf •» aacb 
Barra Schaats clar aurca, <laaa uic (deraaasu cataatro;>haj.« ZarapaXtaag Tor daa 
Irieg caalt;net var,su aoicbau llftcrarataaabniaaao sa fuahras. 

la ar^ab aich, daaa tob Saitea aaa Barrn Schuett aaeh dru^baa aa Hmgit 
atallaa aoaohi, wl-: ourch aalae Ban^, Vorucniat^a ^aa^cht aortlan tmT9nf <lla 
alae xraafti^a Oatai-atabtsua^ oar Flaaaa voa Harra van Uaaa oarataiitan. 
■arr Scbuats auaata au^eban, OMme ar vaoar roa (.aa Bopfapgaachaaft, aacb voa 
aaa i«llaolIt:gaachaa/t Kaaaa^aao algaaa taaatniaaa hat, da dia ilobtlgsait 
der forsc.xLaege Toa Baim tob Kl«aa prucfaa uoc raamigeti aa kaaaaaa, aad 
aatargaaaasa aitraa Oat^rataatsuag Barra von KI.aa nm hat aacadcdbaa iaaaaa, 
aail aiaaar iarr ebae aia aahr gntar laaca aaiaar hlaalgaa flUale 

Barr Sctauata war^ atiwmS aofaariiaaa gaaacht, daaa lafalfa aolchar 
tloaaa, cia voa kaiaar iaeo^ieaBtala gatraabt aaraa, natar^aaaaaa la Barlia 
groaaa ferwlrmac harrerganifan aaraen auaa, da aaiaa foraet'J.aaga aickt aar 
la acbaarfataa (lagaajata ataaaan cu oan rachtaaaaainw Zapartaura aaa Zali- 
voile una Bapfaa, aoaccra ia abeaao acharfea Gagaaaata a« dar laaaaJisabtailnac 
oar tautachaa Botachaft, una geraJa aabaac ^aaaa Balaplalaa kaaata 4aaM»- 
atriart var^ aa, via vlchtig aa lat, daaa aolcha Aictionea aach daa &rl«ga alcht 
alacierholt «a-oaa, aoadara ciurcb uia varalnhftitllchta B aa rfc altaac^aag 
ala Baarbeitun£ voa facnaaaaoiachaa, xaataeoclgan StalXaa, in dia 
vardaa, laa gerada aoieht Aaaaaachaa au varaaiooa. 

Iarr Sc>?uata gab oca aaitarac aalaea fladaaera AaaCrucic, daaa la dan lal%aa mr 
daa Kriag bai oar ■aaualaabtaUaog dar fiautaoban Botacbaft Tlala larraa Oabear 
gafuauan habao, dla ibra ai g a n aa lataraaaaa aahr la Aaga battan, ala ala la- 
Vraaaaa dar dautbctaaa flrtachaf t» vaahraad aa fuar aadara larraa, daaaa ala 
dautaaha Urtacbaf t aa laraan la«, aaa aladaatae ator achaaar aar, aich Oahaar 
•a varaabaffaa. Er apiatc la dlaaaa Twaiaaanhoag baaaaoara aaf dla I.Q. aa, 
aad Sohroadar. 

Iarr Bctaaatt. aarda darauf aufkarkaaa gaaaeht, daaa Ala landalaabiailaac dar 
Uutacbaa Bataobaft aataariieh aagaalaaaa lat auT aagau BB a a aa a aar balt alt 
dar Prlvatalrtachafi, aad 4aaa letataa lacaa dar Baadalaabtallaag icalaa for- 
gaaasht aaroaa laaaaBcm, aaoa dla f artraUr dar Prlvatalrtaebaft alaht 

- 1 - 


Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 7) 


ihr«rs«it« oie Haituelc&btalluat recht:Leiti(,, uaw s,tilt von-. 1U.|>> v'^'^ Fl*-nen 
ttBd iL£tioneQ ori*rBtifcr«>a, una <l*88 t ertde cas elatr cer Heuptfa ler e'.i, >.le 
bcMltl^t werdca xue8st«a. 

n.a cie BeaprecfaQngen alt cca fsuehtrec H6ir«u, aa ei;;f.t> auc ,1 » iteeprftchung 
viecarua recht unerfreuliche Aeu&a6rjiveu ufcb«r ^en 0« r-iin-Aaci lean Boerc v>r 
Traa*, Lie* scbtdat elatr a«r Pua<t.« lu 8*la, aeb«r aeu alch le berru(,ve<i B«rr-«n 
rsatloa *liii« alnd. 

I88 cilfc b«8oaa«r« frage c«r Bso^en ari^ebi, so b£i£ta.eti4,ti$ Rerr &:haet» oic S«cc^- 
sAoasigiCi^lt eiaee ^eaaLofcaxBea oeut^chon ItafuiostlUitee, Ji^tsut^tl^te r^&lchfalla 
caa torreite Teiv.fcltan aex OhtJaiuai. baox & Trust Coapaoj' ^e taaeber osa s^hr 
▼i«l unfrrjociichferaa ferriidten aj.ier finaereti iJaniteu, aa-s ties - »ohl jlt Kacht - 
<iarauf hiu, &8se aial^:* v«r Ba.iiien la tutaerer. Stet8t«>a aa8a--ih«d;> lew lorx's 
••far TleX M«hr fraundacti&rt, zua ait^bttea f trst^eoonls ua Ciescti«et't8b<:relt8c:-Ait, 
geiadgt haettea &1e gu-ace uia le* loner Be:u.ea. 

Bcrr Sckueti etallte aes veltaren aoheia, sveatasil euch H«ria von fisaour xu 6«- 
■prachuflfcan h«r«a«u«iehan, uno wir<i sich im ur.biigea f»in«>ehr*aar fr%t<^ '*'■ **»- •sit 
ataituaj der aeutachea iirtschaXt atch caw tri^te btscaaef ti^jea, uas- tiofft, in 
der La^e tu aeln, bel cea treffen car Gruppc In csr oaecbst^tn Bochf: auc't icorw 
•truktlTe Torachlacge belbrlngen su ^ 

Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 8) 


LIE Cl.-.CABltftTIOl Lii i.E;TU,lii.ll llhTSOturr IM mUlsISa k*Q& Ltd KlJMj 

ta crschelnt erwiefTiD«.»wert, >u pni«f«n, la mie «eit Ubtt Sch«rin,^zurzait 

sit loueison-Clayton, Bpattar r..ei pra^tlscht Auftfcben hbr^ut.ct-Oke:Q nerama 

t*»itl*icben Kbiui gspiueft wcr-fen, in wi* vf«it Herr faillx Ea.pp fuer prtJC- ' 
tl»che Auf^hbea ia 're^e. comat. 

Lefgieichen wira t.-apfohlcn, oie frage lu pruefan, o Herr .'dchArc loch 
Qlcht ia for6c^litg ^ebracht ■erdsn aoli als fertreter ^.tr I.fcip»,i,ar Mease 

£• wirt. ebe&falls cl« Fr»ge ▼orgoiefct, in *le w«it HtiT».*.r per»o»iuich 
uniibhaenglg ron seiner ferbiouuot, ait Mc/acatn lur HitArUrit ia cJer A-serican 
Group for Tract with tierman; in frfcgt uoaat, oc er ob elr einer fertrtttr 
car B*ua»oliinter«68eateatruppe eln anv.ercr laae vort-e»chi.«^ea veruen &*aa. 


Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 9) 


7. B«B6rcuag} 

QoieiAStta Kit lUnn I«lI*rB«ri«r f&oi elne B«spr*c^iua« fUtt ait, Herm 
C*orf* f. Bauer, cer ait slchtlicbar Ba^eisterun^ vib Ice& b«^rue>&ta, 
aine aaerlxanlache Gruppe lais Leb«n su rufen fuer oeo Hvncai lit Loutscli- 
laaa, parallal to einar Orenitatlon wia ule Leutadife [L>nu^i.a£i,.iiacr. 

Harr Bauer 1st cruadaaetxiicb aicht aur beralt, soauarn aucb lateraaslert, 
dan foralti ainer soichaa Gruppe £u uab«nielua<-a« ita^ iat oar AoaicMt, v.tiea 
•• iha auftrruno salner Basithoo^ea sehi aolu -ioe,iich jeia wire, oinfluse- 
ralcha PtraoanilchiceitaQ ia cleoa Gruppt ht>ralar ib^coiige,.. 

Barr Bauar wlra aich •uaaahr ale Tt*^<. coixrxter abberi«:t^ea, ui\.b In Baru^ 
auf dla ia fra^-i Aouaenaaa Perao«MxIlchA»-itaQ, ua ich a.rrle ihn 6rneut 
naachetaa llttm>cb treffea, su walcher Zeiti er ron sich aua eln 4eao ait 
gaai^ataa Toracni.afci.aii Tori«(.aa aire'. 

Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 10) 

3. BeubTK»n«. *m) 

Mk Cir.UAllIi>ATiUi i.Lr. .tOTSCHiJI FlhTSCHA/l IM AiiiJ-llA BiCH :-El llJfcG 

El»e uirrerbinca.lche Onterhaltuac wurua ^«pflogen ait Barra OraaTen, mm 
oar tdiercla^.a nicht Tlti IoB«tru«tlTab hm geai^aen war. £s wird oieht 
leicht Eeln, eua fuahrandan B«UBFoll*rfjl»tn einen fertr-'tcr faer dla 
aaerlAaoiache Cruppa su ^avloaen. In tr».gt: icoaaen <ili;entiicb mr 

Ir. ClaytoB 
ooar Harr Ziaaer, 

•obel su beruac<6i=htlgea iat, ubss tlaher beica Vlrae:!, Aodarson Clagrtoa 
aotii MacFaodan, oafraunfulich alngeatblj-t siod. 


Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 11) 

,. laaercaag aa) 

til QMUMUAtlM ItB. LHJTijCHiN UlhT&tHiJTIS -MxJilU MaCH lM JGalhC 

fer««hi«d«n» Dnt«rhfcltuat;ftQ f&rtea BUtt ait Henn &cheLi.:ab'r„, b«80iK.er3 

K» luui sua AatoruC'C, Uass ai'^ Harreo fachelienbera;, Lx. lopklns « una Dr. 
Aahagea elnen torbC'dag uaterbrelten TOiier., aach aea oloata tirtii. Herrtn 
ai« im'g«be KusschAlessilcb utiu alxeiu u«bertr!!it,«n fire, cle huec/iwanatrer- 
fr«f« &b«u«lc.teln« 

Da Bfelae Steilaotfoahae gebeten, betoatt ich Herm Scl'fclienb'-r,; 4i,eftetiuftL!Lr, 
dasa aiae aeraxtit* Monopoiiilenmt f»ur Ijn TykiiAtn eintr auL-ichen TaetigKelt« 
aoegiicharaeiaei lon'-rhidb car Hencalt>£^n^.€rp la Fra^^e iioaztea cami} das£ Ich 
ea als hoechst uB*thiach aa- •iM38«:rhuiD jeoar Lie^uaslon 'jcs^iiir. u Ttusa, elner 
einer Grappe voe priYttea Hsrren tin iionopo^ tix ijfet.n, a^js ues. slcb cie crei 
Berraa achtlnbar aater Bterue^iCiichtlauiib iioei Tor^i-jsth* nr,n ?roTltiou von 
109 einea sshr erhebiichaa fertJLeast suSfettrechaet haben. 

IcU beaelcha' 9» ais hO'^^h.i.t unethicch, di-*» ^erac* auf loststi Ton lueciCKr&n- 
aararn ■utaan eriielt »ieiu6a Koli, uiv betonte irl*"..©rholt, case la Intoret-se 
aUer Bateili^tea aac i.r Sakrunfe uer ii.£(itfj.a v.e» ..criObatfeii Aaatancifca witae 
Fra^a zmr aailicb j^erdi^elt sercen icann aater icacliisieiiKun^ aet. ub^naes auf 
daa all eras twaiuiigate ULacestaaat. 

Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 12) 


tli Of.GJJUSATIOJi ^£i^ i^IDTfcCaui Ili-Tac.tlurT IS iSLEUA IlCH IHl Si-IKi 

Ide Gruppe Aienitiehl, Jbauer, Gerdea unc >aI trafen ulch la auaglablfcer B^ 
•prechuag f-er rlwr i>tuoaea. Lar au& cieser Basprachaa^^ rtBuitiertnca foi'w, 
•chlag noli gilogeatxlch aer Aaaeecnhelt too Herm Lr. Tanneaberi oaa Bcrra 
TOO laoop oiesen soeaalich vor^«tra«;ea varuen. 



Exhibit No. 237 (continued — 13) 

11. iMierlatBg cu) 

■•IT lalT halt* aich sua .Lane heon •ia«,ei.£0«a, (o ca glelcbicltlg vuch 
H«rr i«Cjc»an, Firat Tlc»-Pr*«luant, und Herr Bover, LxacutiTe Vic»-Pr«6l^ eat 
dar Bm£, UllMha«n. 

Dl* l T i«a br«chtM> sua Auscxuat, cass ale ••J.cst ^en St«ncpu-.u'. Ttrtrtten, 
OAM •• fttsr Aa-rixa wlchtig •ein vuero*, alt omi neu^n illtt*'.l-iurope'«lt.h«n 
Uocx fr«u aallch«t« ubo •■^■te >lrt«chfcf ' tbetlefaun^fen knsuxnuep'en one x-.i pflc^M^ 
betOBtMi Jadoch ^lalcbsaitl^, cAst fuer ian£« l^eli ';:it Oppofrltion un. C»t 0»b<r- 
■iaoaag Ton £cb«leri^«ltin d«r oeffeatllcheo ■einun^ ser*chn*t vkiuau mi»te%. 

■•IT (0laaT hat dl* in-^«i«un(, •«lt6rhla cle Bctiehun^en zu pXlet^en, ua vUl 
Lb glalchm 2ttaa«i«iib*ii4 In der Konuauea toch« .41 1 Rrrro iio^»r' susftn-KBtraffrn, 
ua a«s««n PIbmic su tM>«r«a. t» scosint tin uiv. fuer (ic^ oeuU.ich«: Aiuaichan su 
lMrt«tum, lerra Bower «uch fLn^oslell »u UDterBta- tten. 

ld« 'r*g« flea Zaa«aacBtr«ffeas swlachen Hcrrn Borer jnc Herrn lola«r alrd tu- 
ru«c<«*st«ll t, bis nech cor b«sprec>iun4( ait Iy. Tsjmenb'r^ und Herrn voo Knoop. 

G«leg«nU.lch a«r l^iacairen Ontrrii&ltun^ tifJ. tuch & 1 tool Bsr/Ti iMv'tir -I* Be- 
■arcung, dast Ihra taLoaehr bo^emate D«ut:^C''.-fr«a»-ilch)celt lhn<>n « ron 
dantacbar Bolta ooch nlcht uebvrsaesal^ ae;tllch T<.TKOlt.Qa wrca, cenn ooch 
hauta imarda oia Kalchabao^ unc die Gola-4/lc<.ont imxu Ihra Koaten b«l ^ar Chiiaa 
haltan, dla Ja vahrbaXl.j ^laa ancara alE aautscb-fr«urK.llch ketceaa •«!, uac 
ar boffi our, dasa as larra lolaar ^alia^ea r«erue, aucta els Baua»«ra< Zai^hao 
d«r AaerlcanBaag galagentllch ule Koatftn uiet.>ir oalcan IuBt,itut>: uatcrtrAfcac 


Exhibit No. 238 

Gimendung eines doutschen Bank- 
Institutes in Bew York nach dea 

Bis zua Jahre 1313 bostaaa in Se» York eine Bajii mit der Samens- 
bezeichnung "The Inteioational Geroanlc Trust Cospaoy", welche sich 

vorwlegend ndt Baritransaktionen beschaef ti^jte, die fast i^ysschliess- 
lich -it sogenanntea deutschea Traneaktionen 2U3a.T!ffieahini,en. Das 
groesste Gewicht wurde seitens dieses Institutes aiii" Wertpapier-Ge- 
schaefte gelegt, xind sollea die seiner-^l: ^rzlfelten Erfolge i.afri©- 
densteliend geirescn sela. Spaetarhin - in der Kiae^szeit - *uri-c diese 
Bank ¥on der Continental Bank & Trust Coapen;- Organ! sation auf genoouen 
<und in diese einj^egliedert. I® Hinbl. le Inte—^atioaal 

Geraenic Trust Company in liiesisen Firu^.,o.,. -jLotii .^..^c uesieichnunfe "Deutschss 
Institut" trUfa, waere noch crwaeonenswert, dass dieses trotzdea wohl nicht 
als solcbes angesprochen werden "^onnte, reil die Fuelirung dieser Bank fast 
ausschliesaiich in juedlschen Haen'^en lag, una zwar unter der Leitung des 
Juden Aaron. 

Die Sachkriegszeit, vor alien Dlngen die Zeitspaane 1919 - 1923, brachte 
den Kew Yorker juedischen Financiers ia deutschen Geschaeft eine regel- 
rechte "K.uetezeit". Die allgeaein bekanatea Manipulationen ces juedi- 
schen Bankhauses Kixhn, Loeb & Co., welches sich die Fueiiruofc und den. Ver- 
trieb deutscherselts hler aufgelegter Kapitalmarkt— Geschaefte anelgnete, 
sind zu bekannt, ua in Fachkreisen naeher beschiieben zu s&rden. Die sei- 
nerzeitigen juedischen- .Gegenspieler in deutschen Baaken sorgten natuerlich 
dafiaer, dass Ihre hieslfcen Rasseni^enossen, wie Ladenburg ThalBjann !; Co., 
Bendix & Co., Coldaaaa Sachs & Co., Hew York Hanseatic Corporation, Se3J.g- 
aann Co., Leniaan Bros., G. Bache S- Co., Warburg & Co., Speyer & Co., 
Lazard FrejTes, Rothschild Co., Otto Kahn, Haligarten & Co., etc. vollkoaaen 
auf ihre Eosten kamea. -^as deutsche Volk mirda in dieser Zeitspanne von den 
juedischen Wall-Street Kapitalisten buohstaebiich ausgesOt,en. Die juedi- 
schen Bankiers hatten ^.nsofern ein unuastrittenes Feld, well In der seiner- 
zeitigen Nachkriegsperioae sich die amerikanischen Banken deia deutschen 
Geschaeft fernhielten, und zwar aus Graenden der Veranning Deutschlanas, 
Inflation, Kriegsscbulden-Zahlung usw. Erst nachdem die juedischen Ban- 
kiers ihr zerstoerendes Werk vollbracht httten, sahen sich vereiazelte 
amerlAanische Banken veranlasst, successive deai deutschen Geschaeft 
"groessere Aufaerksamkeit zu schenken. 2ur freien, unbehincerten Geschaefts- 
bereitwllligkeit ist es jedoch bis zum Ausbruch des jetzigen Krie£;es nie- 
laals gekoaiaen. Finanzierungsechwierigkeiten Tiaren staeadig vorhenden, 
Kredlte wurden air in beschraenktem Dmfange eingeraeuat, Reaibours-Linien 
nur gegeben, weil aan aufgrund des abgeschlosscnea Stillhalteabkomaens 


Exhibit No. 23S (coutinuecl — ^1) 


dacu gez«Tm4;en war. Die voile Beoutzun^ dleser Llaien wurd* nie gem 
geaehen, Im Gegenteil, es wurde ianer darauT hingearbeitetf dltM 
Linlen frei und unbenutzt llegen zu baben. Dlese Tendenz rurde sti- 
nerselt axir icurz durch elne ▼oruebergehend elntretende Welt-Konjunktur 
und die damlt auftretende sogenanate Prosperltaets^eriode unter- 
brochen. Zu dlesea Zeltpunkt irurden seltens aaerilcanlscher Banken 
deutschen loBtituten, der deutschen Industrie und Vei^altung, enorae 
Kredlte geirisaenBassen Ttahllos aufgezwunhCn. Diese lalchtfertige 
Kreditpolitik verursachte letzten Endes d&nn einen allgemeinaa "Run" 
auf deutsche fiaoken, oachdei die Oesterreichische Kreditaostalt uod 
die Danstaedter & Bationol BaiJc 3lch ueberspannt batten una eln Zu- 
eaauienbruch dleser Institute nicht aehr verhlndert werden konnte. 
Die Einfuehrung der deutschen Cevisenbe8tljamuD«,en, der Abselduss des 
StillhalteabkoBU&ens etc. ma-en ua grocsen Tell die natuerlichen Folgen 
dleser angevandten aaeritcanlschen Finanzlerun^siBethoce. Dasoaehr mlt 
spaeterhin dann Jeder vermehrte GeschaeftBumfang alt deutschen Bankan 
den liiesigen Instituten uns^inpathisch, ausgeiiominen natuerllch solche 
bankaaessi^-en Transaktionen, die keln Rlslko in sich trugen und garan- 
tlert gute Profite aLwarfen. Zu der letzteren Kategorie waren ruerst 
■lie Kompensttione-Gescbaefte und spaeterhin Asklaar'i- bez*. Inlands- 
:-contotransaktlonen zu rechnen. Kelne der Banken hatte auch mir das 
^erlngste Interesse daran, die Foerderung der deutschen Ausfubr und 
den damlt autooatlsch gegenlaufenden Export aaerikanlscher Rohaateri- 
aliea zu unterstuetzen. Das ganze Interesse bel solchen G»8chaeften 
beschraenkte sich ausschliesellch auf die Berechnung Ton ca. 2% Ko»- 
alsalon an ihre Kunden. Bel Asklnark-Oeschaeften kaaen aussar der 
Provision oataerlich noch Kurssehnltte in Fraga, selbst auch dann, wenn 
dadurch, nle as leider der Fall gewesen ist, elne staendlga abnaerts- 
bewegende Kursentwlckliuig dleser Marksorte noch gefoerdert iiurde. E« 
muss hier leider gesagt «er.en, dass elne hleslge Sank snglischen Ur- 
eprungs, die fast alle deutschen Geschaefte •ooopolisierte und angeblich 
die besten Berliner Bezlehunien unterhlslt, auf dlasea Qeblete fuehrend 
la Erscbelnung trat. Dasaelbe Unleraehmen irel^erte alch aber kategorlach. ^^ 
aju 5. September (Kxle^t^ausbruc h) ueberhaupt noch irgendwelche Auftrftain ^Hp 
fuer deutsche Banken hozunehatin. Zu beruecksiahtlgen ist hlerbai, dass 
diese taoK trotz engllschen Orspnings einen aaerikanl»chen Charter hat 
und deszufolge als aaerlkanlsche Baak in einea oeutralen Lande anruaehen 
ist und dasvegen kelnen Beschraenkun<;en in Bezug auf deutsche Oeecbaefta 

Melner Auffassung nach sollte es sich eruebrigen, elnzelao anti-deutache 
Uaolpulatlonen wiederz\igeben. Ich bin daron ueberzeugt, dasa die Reichp- 
bank, soirle elne Anzahl anderer deutscher Bankea, aigene Erfahrungen 
in dieeer oder jeaer HinBlcht geatacht haben, und die Jeweillg aufgetra- 
tenea Faelle dlesen Instituten i»ch In frlscher Erinnerung sind. Ausser- 
dea slnd hler ansaesaige Vertretar deutscher Banken Jederzeit in der Lage^ 
das tatsaechliche Verbal ten fast aller aaerikanlschen Banklnatltute ga- 
nauestens tu illustrleren. In dlesca Zusa-aaenhange waere vlalleicht 
lediglloh noch amaehnenssert, dass vor ca. swel Wochen elne sogenannta 
"Stop HlUer How" vollseitige Anzelge }n iJ^fln ff*«Bgebanden TMytf^ltBMtB 

- 5 - 



Exhibit No. 238 (continued — 2) 

erschien. Atifgrund seltens des Senators Ruas Holt an^estellter ^e- - 
cherchen koimte einwandfrel liEchgewlesen werden, desE die Bezahlung 
dieser Arueige u.a- von 16 fuehregdea hiealgen Bankeg gelelstet wurde. 
Was karm bei einer derartigen Einstellunt, von araerikanischen Banken 
in Zukunft bei dem Wieaeraufbau des ceutsch-anerikanischen Handels 
enmrtet werden? Kommentar ueberfluessle,. 

Wlrtsehaftllcbe Notyencigkelten: 

Bach Einstellung der seinerzeitifen Felndseligkeiten hatte es sich 
deutllch gezeigt, dass Jahre ver^ingen, ehe auch our lose Verbindungen 
xwischen deutschen ui»i hietigen Baakinstltuten aufgenomaen wurden. 
Das seinerzeit ein^'eschaltete juedische Medium koaant zukueaftig in 
Wegfall; nichtsdestoweniger wird sich aber der EinTluss juedischer Ak- 
tioneere, Direktoren unc Einleger unverkennbar sofort bei der Leitung 
jeder amerikanischen Bank bemerkbar machen, sobald diese etwa die Ab~ 
sicht hegen sollte, freundschaftliche Verbindungen mit deutschen Ban- 
ken anzuknoepfen. Dazu komat noch, dass bereita houte gewisse Be- 
fuerchtungen bei amerikanischen Baiiken wegen zwischenzeitlich gemachter 
Invest! erungen in Sued-Aaerika in Erscheinung tasfcen. Man glaubt, b©- 
atimait damit rechnen zn muessen, daas nach Einetelltmg der jetzigen 
Feindseligkeiten die deutschen Banken und die deutsche Industrie aber- 
aale enonae Anstrengungen auf den: sued-aaerikanischen Markt machen war- 
den, zuai Hachteil des ^investierten amerikanischen Kapitals. Die kommende 
Waehrungspolitik des deutschen Reiches und die Auswirkung dieser In U.S.A. 
wird aussardao 2aikuenftig eine grosse Rolle spiel en. Auch in dieser Hin- 
aicht hat aan bereits heute die allergroessten Befuerchtungen. lie die 
Dlnge auch liegen aioegen, nit einer negativen Einstellung gegenueber ir- 
gendwelchen dButscheraeita angewandten Methoden wird auf jeden Fall in 
hiesigea B&nkkreiaen zu rechnen sein. Es ist ausgeschlossen, dass unter 
diesen Voraussetzungen eine freundschaftliche ZusamBenarbalt zwischen 
deutschen urid aaerlkanlschen Banken vor der Hand ohne wei teres zur Durcb- 
fuehnmg koanien kann. Die rechtzeltige Gruendung elnes deutschen Bank- 
institutes ia Hew lork wuerde deher zweifelsohne viele eintretende Hsis- 
imingen erfolgrelch ueberbruecken koennen. 

Aufgeben der neu-zu-eraendenden B^mk; 

Groesstes Gewtcht muesste auf die Jeweiligen Moeglichkeiten einer Aus- 
wietung des gesaaten Bankgeschaeftes gelegt werden. Es soil nicht die 
Aufgabe der neuen Bank sein, mit amerikanischea Banken in U.S.A. zu kon- 
kurrieren. Dennoch soil das amertkanische Gesclii&eft aue deutschen Kreisen 
(Reichsdeutsche und Volksdeutscae) hereingenoiuaen, bezw. herangezogen 
werden. Beruecksiohtigend, dass in Gross-Kew Tork allein ca. 760 000 
Reiche- mid Volksdeutsche beheioatet aixid, was etwa der Elnwohnerzahl der 
Staedte Koeln, Muenchen oder Leipzig, entapricht, ferner hinzukommend 
die grosae Anzahl hier staendig anaaeselger Vertreter groeeserer unci 
kleinerer deutscher Industri©-, Schiffahrts- und Hanuelsfirmen, sollte 
einea derartigen deutschen Bankinstltut ein erfolgversprechendea Aufgaben- 
gebiet garantiert werden. Einer schon lange faelllgen und dringenden Hot- 
wendigkelt waere Recbnung getragen, zumal die Zweckmaessigkeit In Jeder 
Einaicbt auaser Frage ateht. 

_™_ _ 4 _ 


Exhibit No. 238 (continued— 3) 

- 4 

Ich habe In Deutechlend Imner wieder feststellen muessen, dass die 
bankmaeseige Betreuun^ des Aussenhandels fuer die einzelnen deutschen 
Institute Jewells besondere SchirierlglceiteD mlt slch brechte. Allein 
die ver3Chiedenartit,en und tellweite lucbesomiere fuer den Auslaender 
oft komplizlerten z&hlreicben Zahluat,3-, Clearings- und Verrechnunt*- 
abkooaen setzan Jewells die Uitarbeit der deutschen und teilwelse der 
auslaendlschen Banken bel ^er Finanzierung des Aussenhandels voraus. 
Die vielfaeltlgen Abwlcklungsvorscliriften unJ Kontrollaassnahaen der 
deutschen revlsenbewirtachaftung brlnten es mit sich, dess Reich»- 
und Volk?deut3Che von wOgenannten aualEencischen Expert-Flmen sehr 
haeuflg uabervorteilt warden, sei es durch Rueckwaodereraark-, Kredlt- 
sperrmark-, Til^Tin^isnark-, OnterstuetzungSBark-Geschaefte oder Irgend- 
valcbe andere Transtiktionen. In vielen Faellen erfolgt auch elae ab- 
slchtlich falsche Aualegung der drueben geltenden Vorschriften zua 
Maohteil des deutschen Devi senanf alls. Auf dieses Geblete koennte 
die 2u-gruendende Bank besooders erfolgreich eingreifen. 

Weitere Auftiaben; 

1.) Diesseitigd Verwaltung unu laufende Abwicklung der reetlichen 
Auslandsverschuldungen, deutsche Dollar-Bonds etc' 

VorscLuesse auf verfrachtete oder eingelagerta Waren la ZaaauaaeD- 
h&ng alt deutsch-ajaeriXanlschen Is- and Xxportan^ Akkredltive etc. 

Uebernahoe von Buprgschaften fuer LieferDngs-Carantieen d«r dsutcoh- 
aatrlkanlschen Kuncschaft in Verblndung ait Eia- uno Ausfuhrg©- 
schEeften, ebenfalls Re-Diskontltrungen. 

Entgegennahme von Einlagen deutscher Kredlt-Institute, hieslger 
deutscher Flnnenvertretungen und in U.S.A. ansaessiger Relchs- and 
Volksdeutscher, FueLrung von Scheck-Xonten, Spar-Elnlagen, etc. 




Kredlte an hietige Kundschaft gegen Verpfaendung bestlanat beseiehneter 
und absclut marktgaengiger Ware (Kupfer, Bauawolle, etc.) 

An - und Verkauf von Wertpapieren la Auftraga deutscher Banken. 

Vomahae aller D.S.A.-Inkassos fuer deutsche Banken. 

Vorschluesse an hleslge deutsche Vertretungen zur Bestr«ltung fuer 

O.S.A.-Zollspesen und U.S.A.-Fracbtau£lagen. 

Zahlstelle fuer Zinsen etc. 

Inpassnng an die koaoeiide deutsche Waehrungs-politlk. 

- 5 - 


Exhibit No. 238 (continued — 4) 
- 5 - 

11.) Eer elnteti-etenen Scl-Li-uir.pfung bisherifaCr Resibourslinien bel 

amerikanischen Benken curch neu-zu-fecbende eit,ene Llaien ent- 
te^enzutreten. ' 

12.) Durch UiierlaesElifche Jinatica^an^ea una unternehjnerifche Tatkraft 
die gehemisten un^ in vieler Hln^icht beschraenkten aUw^enrdrt- 
schaftlichen Beziehungen beider Laender zu lockern un^ dlese zu 
erweitern, d.h. fuer elne ffac!:S£nde Gescliaeftsbeletung in jeder 
Hinsicht Sor^e zu tragen. 

15.) Der Pflete una pers'enlicben Fuehluni^nalja- mit Firmer, una roagfc- 
•gebendcn PerEoeollchkeiten der deutwChen und amerkanicchen 
Geschreftsvrelt t^roesste Aurmerktackcit. iULUwenden. 

14.) Pflegunfe des Austausches von Angestcllten der neuen Bank juit Ce- 
forgachaftamitgliecern deutscher Banking titute. 


Auseer der unverkennbaien Hctwendit^ieit eines cerartieer Institutes, die 
sich aus den vorerwaehnten, kurz antefuehrten Punk ten ergibt und eine 
sachuemaesse und erfolgreiche Behandlung aller aufkoiwiienccn fragen teyeehr- 
leisten ruer^eic waere ein derartig,es deutsches BanklAUs uuch schon aliein 
aus Prestige gruenden erforderlich. Selbst kleine Leendef teil.eise solche, 
die zwischenzeitlich deai Deutschen Eeich einverleibt rurcle.'., hielten e£- 
aus rolkewirtschaftlicheE und Prestit;et.ruendeu fuer erfcrierlich, eigene 
Baukverbindungen in Neir York zu etablieren, bezw. solche zu unU-rhalten. 
Ausser hollaendischen unu enfeiischen Kolonlalbankfcn, einschliesslich der 
J. Henry Schroeder Banking Corporation, die von 2chroeder, London, in New 
York aufgesetzt wurde, liaben sich folgende auslaendische Bankhaeuser in 
Hew York niedergelarsenl 

Anglo South Ameiican Bank, Ltd. 

Anglo South Aioerican Trust Companj- 

Benca Conunerciale Italiana Bank 

Banco di Napoli ^rjst Company 

Anglo PrEfeUe Credit Bank 

Banco di Roma 

Banco Hacional de Mexico 

Banco Sacional de Nicaragua 

Banque Belgue pour I'Elran^er 

Barji. of Athens Trust Companj- 

Bank of Canton, Ltd. 

Bank of China 

Bank of Chosen 

Bank of London & South America, Ltd. 

Bank of Montreal • 

Bank of Nova Scotia 

Bank of Pol ska Kasa Opiekl 



Exhibit No. 238 (continued — 5) 

- 6 

Bank of Slcilj- Tirust Cotapauy 

Baak of Taiwhin, Ltd. 

Barclays Bank, Dominion, Coloulal & Overseao 

B&rclaye Bank cf Loadoa 

CoiidibD Bank of Commerce 

Chartered Bank of India, iustrallt, China 

Credito Italiano 

Donioioii Bauk 

French Ajnerlcan Bajikln^ Corporation 

Hellenic BaiJt 4 Trust Company 

Honc^unc^ Bank & Shanghai Baiiklnc Corp. 

MitsutislJ. Bank 

Uitsui Bajak 

HeLlonsl Bank of Greece 

Pan Aiericen Trust (Mexican) 

Philippine National Bank 

Royal Bunk of Canada 

Soclfctfe General, France 

Stendard Bank of South Africa 

Stett Ba-Lk of the D.S.S.P,. 

De T.Tenteche Bank, AngterciaB 

SuBiitoiuo Bank 

EiTlss Bank Corporation 

Yokohama Specie Bank 

Aus dieser Aufstelluno ist klar erslchtllch, dass wirtschaftllch etarke 
Laender, wle England, Fri.nkreich, Itallen, Japan, etc., eo^ar ■ehrere Bankea 
hier unteihalten und oicht-elafluesreiche Laender, rie z.B. Wcaragua etc., 
es ebenfallz fuer wlchtig geoug halten, eic eigenes Bankhaus in lew Tork ra 
besltzen. Es Ist femerhln temcrkenswert, dass die vorerwaohntcn auslaen- 
dischen Banken bereits selt Jahren ilire hle6it;e Teetigkelt ausueben, worauB 
man eventuell die Folgerung Ziehen koennte, dass die ZweckBaceslgkeit und 
NotFendigkeit, sowle eine erfolgreiche Arbeit, dieser Blederlassuagen er- 
wiesen worden ist. Demzufolge sollten auch dfe Voraussetsungcn fuer ein pas- 
sendes deutsches Institut gegeben seln. 


Eine Ideale Loesun^ zur VervollBtaendlt,-un^ des Vorhabens waere yiellelcht dajA 
tu findcn, fells diejerJLeen deutschen Banken, die in den tBre&n^eaen Jahren 
filch insbesondere fuer die Pflege und Auf rechterhal tun^ des deutsch-aaerika- 
nisch'en HanUels elnsetzten, gemelnsaa fuer die Gruendung, bez«. fuer eine Be- 
teiligung, interesslert werdcn koennten. Ich denke hlerbel vor alien Dingen 
an die Relchsbank, Deutsche Bank, lorddeutsche Kredltbank A.-C., Coaaerz & 
Prlvatbank, Dresdner Bank, KelchsKredlt-Cesellschaft, Berliner Handel»-G«- 
sellschaft usw. Eventuell kaeae auch die Deutsche Industriebenk, Berlin, 
in Fra^ie, die sich insbesoniere fuer ■ittel- und laagfristlge Kredlte, die 
vor alien Dln^en der deutschen llaschlnenbau-Industrle fuer AuslandaHeferun^* 

- 7 - 


Exhibit No. 238 (continued— 6) 

7 - 

£ur Vei-fuogtmg gestellt irercen muessin, interescit ren duerfte. 

Sollte es aus irgend«elchen, jetzt nocb unbekennUr. "Crucnden, nicht mceg- 
lich sein, die obige Gruppe ganz Oder teilv/eist fuc. dit-ier. Zwcl; zusamaen- 
zuftssen, denn muesitt man ever.tuell verbuchen, eiae Lr.zt.iJ. ceutscher Pri- 
vatbanken fuer die Angel e^enheit zu j^pwinnen. tie Banken, bezw. Prlvat- 
b&iikiers, aiue-ssten sich vtrpflichteo, ihre D.S.A.-Ge^chaefte ^ oder tell- 
weise, je nach jewellij^er Loge der Eln^e ur.d deu eicencn Verh8t=ltnissen an- 
gepasst, dem hlesit;en deuttchen Institut i.ur AtTrlcklung zu uebergeber, oder 
abor es demselberi jeweils enzutleten. Die Gewinnbtteilit,Tiiij;, bezw. Ver- 
ttlung, wuerde naturgtiBaess der Hoehe der urspruengiich gemachten Zeichnuug 

Gewisse Schwlerigkeiten hlnslchtlich einer £,crechten Verteilung der In U.S.A. 
anfallenden Geschaefte auT die beteiligten deutschen Baiilihaeuser fiierden tich 
anfaenfallch wo'.J. kaum unterbinden lasser., jeaoch sollte sich elne schluessel- 
maessigfe Regelunt; im Laufe der Zelt einspielen. Ausserdem muesste man der 
Leltiing des neuen Institutes in dieter Hinsicht eutsprechendis Vertrsuen ein- 
raeumen, zumtl gegenseitites Vertx-auen und Fairness bei jeder Paxtnerschaft 
Voraussetsung sind. 

Die Kapilalisierung des neuen Bankunternehaens wuerde am besten unter Fueh- 
TMn^ der Reichsbank vorgenosLsen. Der in Frage kommence "Capital Stock" 
atuesste eeitens dieser den versc'aledecen deutschen Bank-Instituten zur Zelch- 
nun^ angeboten werddn. Dieses sollte nicht ausschliesstr., dass Firmen, wie 
z.E. die Haaburg-iaerlka Linie, der Norddeutsche Lloyc, oder irgendwelche 
groesseren Ie- und Exporthaeuser, die ;5eit Jahren mit deai D.S. A. -Handel in 
enger Verbindung stehen, ebenfalls zur Zeichnung zugelfiSBen rerden. Ich 
koenate udr denken, dass bei gewissen Privatgruppen euch eln betrachtliches 
Interesee fuer eine Partiziplerung vortianden ist. Die Auflege muesste min- 
destens $E Milllonen ergeben. Auch muesbte das neu-zu-feruenuende Untercelimen 
in der Lage sein, den vorerwaehnten Betrag ^leich zu imfang aufweisen zu koen- 
nen, urn demselben in hleeigen Fiaanzkreisen von Beginn an ein bcachtliches 
Ansehen zu sichern. Sollten irgendwelche Banktn, einschiiesslich die Reichs- 
benk, aus Gruenden noch unabgetragener, alter Verschuldungen, nicht in der 
Lage sein, offen zu partizipieren, dann muesste es sich drueben eventuell 
arrangieren lessen, diejenigen Teile vorlaeufig auf solche Banken zu ueber- 
■chreiben, denen keine Verschuldungen in U.S.A. nachweisbar sind. Die an- 
fallenden Profite Kuerden, wie bereits vorher erwaehnt, der Hoehe der Zeich- 
nung entsprechend durch vierteljaehrliche oder jaehrlicne Dividenden zur 
Auszahlung gelangen. 

Da das neue Dnternehmen den Bankgesetzen des Staates Sew York unterfaellt, 
Buesste die Charter desselben ungefaehr foltendes Bild ergeben: 

- 8 - 


Exhibit No. 238 (continued — 7) 
- 3 - 


"We, the undersized, sill b«lD^ persons of roll age, at least two-thirds 
of whom are citizens of the United ^tates and at least one of whom is a 
resident of the State of Hew lorlc, desiring to fora a monsyed corporation 
pursuant to the provisions of Article VII of the Banltin^ Law of the State 
of New York, for the purpose of engaging in international aai foreign 
banking and beoi^ng in dependencies and insular possessions of the United 
States, either directly or through the agency, ownership or control of local 
institutions in foreign countries and in such dependencies «nd insular 
possessions, and to purchase or otherwise acquire, hold, sell, offer for sale 
and negotiate share3 of stock and other chosen in action and to possess 
and exercise ouch other powers as now are or may hereafter be oonferred upon 
Investment companies, except as hereinafter otherwise provided, hereby sub- 
scribe, acknowledge and subalt to the Superintendent of Banks, this organi- 
zation certif icate» in duplicate: 

1. The namo l^ which the proposed compai^ is to be known la 

2. The places where its business is to be transacted are the Borough 
of Manhattan, in the City, ^ounty and State of Hew York, and such other places 
in and outside the State of New lork as may from time to tine b« lawfully 

3. The proposed coitpany is not b«ing organi>*d for the purpose of 
exercising the powers set forth In sub-divisions four and five of Section 
Two-hundred ninety-three of Chapter Two of the Consolidated Laws, being tba 
Baling Law, of the State of Hew lork. 

4. The aiBount of its capital stock is to be five ■illian dollars 
($ 5,000,000), and the number of shares into which such capital stock shall 
be divided is fifty thousand (60,000) shares of the par value of one hundred 
dollars ($100) each. The stock of the corporation shall be issued vqion the 
terms and couditions following: 

(a) The holders gf record of the stock of the corporation shall b* 
entitled to share pro rata in all dividends declared by the board of directors 
in proportion to the amounts actually paid to the corporation in respect of 
such stock, whether as capital or paid in surplus, prior to the date of the 
declaration of axjj such dlvideod. 

(b) In the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of 
the corporation, the holders of the stock shall be entitled to share pro 
rata in all the luisets of the corporation in proportion' to the amounts ac- 
tually paid to the corporation in respect of such stock, whether as capital 
or paid in surplus, prior to the date of the distribution of such assets. 

(e) No bolder of stock of the corporation shall have aqy pre- 
emptive right of subscription to aoy shares of stock of the eorpor«ttion, 
or to ai7 obligations convertible into any stock, oor any ri^t of sabscrip- 
tion to any thereof, other than such, if aqy, as the board of directors iu 
Its discretion may determine. 

_ 9 - 



Exhibit No. 238 (continued — 8) 


- 9 - 

5. The full n&ae, resideoice and post-office address of each of 
the incorporators and the number of sb&xss subscribed for ty each are as 



5. The tern of its existeoct siiali be perpetual. 

7. The number of its director^ shall be and tlie names and 

addresses of the Incorporators who shall be Its directors until the first 
annual aeeting of stockholders are as follows: 



8. The following are provisions for the ret,ulul.ion of the business 
and the conduct of the affairs of the corporation, and liiaitatioas upon its 
powers an;? upon the powers of ita directors aCnd stockholders, not exempting 
theai from the perfonnahce of aay oblii^ation or the p'-rforraance o£ any duty 
imposed by law: 

(a) Each subscriber for stock issued at a price in excess of its 
par value shall reiaala liable to the corporation upon his subscription uatil 
it shall be fully paid unless and until the corporation shall in writing con- 
sent to the transfer of such stock to another p-;r3on or other persons who 
shall assuaif; the payment of the amounts unpaid in respect t .ereof . 

(b) Angr part of the stock (except the stock originally issued) aiay 
be issued as partly paid stoctc, subject to calls thereon until the wliole there- 
of shall have been paid in. The coiTxiratlon aay declare anc may paj- dividends 
upon the basis of the aao'ont actually paid upon the respective shares of stool: 
(whether greater or less than the par value t.^ereof) instead of upon tlie par 
value thereof. 

(c) Bo contract or other transaction between the corporation and 

arjy other corporation sliall be affected or invalidated \tj' the fact that any ore 
or acre of the directors of this corporation is or are interested in, or is a 
director or officer, or &re directors or officers, of such other corporation, 
anc. any carector or directors, individually or jointly, "nay be a party or 
parties to, or may be interested in, any contract or traiisactlon of this cor- 
poration or in which this corporation is Interestta, and no contract, act or 
transaction of this corpor&tloa with anj' persons or person shall be affected 
or invalidated by the fact that &ny director or directors of this corporation 

- 10 - 


Exhibit No. 238 (continued — 9) 
- 10 - 

Is a part^', or are pea-ties, to or inter'^ated in such contract, act or trans- 
action, or in any wey connected irith such persoa or persons; and each and 
everj- person irho nay beco-ne a cireotor of this corporation Ife hereby re- 
lieved from onj liability' that aight othenrlos exist, from oootractlng »lth 
the corporation- for the benefit of himsalf or any flra, association or cor- 
poration la wiilch he aay be in ai^iflse Interested, provided he shall dis- 
close tiie nature of his interest and shall not vote as a director in favor 
i ~^f -arij' such transaction." 

- ^^-."3WKHX1 fSESBUKii-i".  ■: .• ; ■,.-". «' -rT-JK^aw?**!* .  »'wt»««->« 




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