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^/.S" /C i<:^ Z,'J>Y 



^arbarb CoKese Itiirarp 




BRIGHT LEGACY 

One half the income from thi* Legacy, which wa« re- 
ceived In 1880 under the will of 

JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT 
of Waltham, Massachusetts, is to be expended for books 
for the College Library. The other half of the income 
is deroted to scholarships in Harvard University for the 
benefit of descendants of 

HENRY BRIGHT, JR., 
who died at Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1686. In the 
absence of such descendants, other persons are eligible 
to the scholarships. The will requires that this announce- 
ment shall be made in every book added to the Library 
under Its provisions. 



■^ 



Jrish-American 
Historical Miscellany. 



RELATING LARGELY TO NEW YORK CITY AND VICINITY, 
TOGETHER WITH MUCH INTERESTING MA- 
^_ TERIAL RELATIVE TO OTHER PARTS 

^B OF THE COUNTRY. 

P MJTIK 



By JOHN D. CRIMMINS, 



NfcW YORK CITY, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR, 

1905. 



^^r 



l^^ I b-X^. 'i V4. 




COPTRIOHT, 1905, BY 
JOHN D. CRIMMINS. 





THIS VOLUME 

IS AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED 

BY THE AUTHOR 

TO THE 
SOCIETY OF THE 

FRIENDLY SONS OF ST. PATRICK 

IN THE 

CITY OF NEW YORK 

AND TO 

KINDRED ORGANIZATIONS THROUGHOUT 

THE COUNTRY. 




CHAPTER I 

Early Irish Voyagers to America— The Brendanian Narrative^Men- 
tion of " Great Ireland " in the Norse Sagas — The See o£ Gardar 
in Greenland — Reference to Christian Missionaries in Vinland — 
An Irishman Believed to Have Accompanied Columbus . 



People of Irish Blood Stated to Have Come on the " Mayflower" with 
the Pilgrims to Plymouth Rock in 1620 — Governor Bradford of 
Plymouth Mentions Irish there in 1626-27 — Irish at Salem and 
Boston, Mass., with the Puritans— Mention of Governor Winthrop 19 

CHAPTER in 
Lord Baltimore's Project to Establish a Colony in Newfoundland — 
Some Irish Pioneers in New York — Jan Andriessen, the Irishman 
" Van Dublingh," who Settled at Bevcrwyck, now Albany — Gov- 
ernor Thoma! Dongan 

CHAPTER IV 
Irisfa Arrivals in Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland, Vir- 
ginia, the Carolinas and Georgia — Many Irish in Barbadoes and 
Other Places in the West Indies — Some of the Shipe that Brought 
Them ■ . . . . 



CHAPTER V 
Ever- increasing Irish Immigration to the Colonies from the Year 1700 
— Rev. Cotton Mather Mentions a Projecled " Colony of Irish " — 
Extracts from the Records of Portsmouth, N. H., and Boston, 
Mass. — The Charitable Irish Society— Advent of George Berkeley 43 

CHAPTER VI 
Lady Katherine Combury Arrives in New York— Her Illness and 
Death — Irish Presbyterians and Methodists in New York — Some 
New York Irish Names, 1691 to 1761 — James Murray's Remark- 
able Letter 56 



6 TABLE OF CONTENTS 

CHAPTER VII 

Many Vessels Sail Between New York and Irish Ports — Dublin, Cork, 
Newry and Londonderry among the Places Mentioned — Irish In- 
dentured Servants in the Colonies — Some Interesting Advertise- 
ments 6S 

CHAPTER VIII 

Old St Peter's Church, New York City — Act of Incorporation Ob- 
tained in 1785 — ^The First Stone Placed by the Spanish Ambassa- 
dor — ^The Early Baptismal Register of the Church — Many Irish 
Names 78 

CHAPTER IX 

Great Irish Merchants of New York City in the Early Days — ^Hugh 
Gaine, the Famous Printer, the Wallaces, Sherbrookes, Pollocks, 
Constables, Lynches and Other Wealthy Captains of Industry — 
Interesting Brief References to Additional Business People . . 93 

CHAPTER X 

New York City During the Revolution — ^A Glance at the British Occu- 
pancy — ^Thousands of Men of Irish Blood Serve in the Patriot 
Forces of the State — Interesting Lists of Officers and Men — ^The 
Story of a Mutiny no 

CHAPTER XI 

The Jersey Prison Ship at the Wallabout — Many Irish among the Pa- 
triots Confined Therein — Savage Cruelties Inflicted upon the Pris- 
oners — ^Thousands Die of Inhuman Treatment and by Disease — 
The Narratives of William Burke and Thomas Dring . 126 

CHAPTER XII 

The Monument near Grant's Tomb to St Claire Pollock, the "Amia- 
ble Child"— Early Catholic Priests in New York City— Some 
Great Landholdings Recalled — Mayor James Duane of New York 
and Gramercy Park 137 

CHAPTER XIII 

Tragic Incidents Aboard Emigrant Ships — ^The Awful Voyage of the 
"Seaflower" — Heavy Emigration from Ireland to New York in 
1810-11 — ^Irish Passengers Seized by British War Vessels — Ships 
Lost at Various Points 149 

CHAPTER XIV 

The Irish of New York Well Represented in the War of 1812-15 — 
Mention of a Number of Commissioned Officers — ^The Irish Repub- 
lican Greens— The War with Mexico — ^The U. S. S. " Shamrock " 162 

« 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 7 

CHAPTER XV 
Earij Iriih Professional People in New York City— An Educational 
Institute at BloomingdaJc — Some Irish Educators in New York — 
Irish Schoolmasters Before and After the Revolution .173 

CHAPTER XVI 
Interesting Odds and Ends — Some Curious Publications and Adver- 
tisements—Early Irish in ihe District of Coluinbia^Some New 
York Business Men in i8,i? — New York School Teachers in i8ST 
—Military Officers in 1857 187 

CHAPTER XVII 
Letters from Andrew Jackson, John C. Calhoun and Martin Van 
Buren — Address from the Shamrock Friendly Association of New 
York— The Tr^ic Deaths of Dr. William McCaffrey and CoL H. 
F. O'Brien — More About Land Investments— Some Irish Settlers 
in Pittsburg, Pa. 19? 

CHAPTER XVIIT 
Andrew Jackson is Entertained in New York— More Interesting Ad- 
vertisements— IJst of New York Gty Officials in Various Years 
— Disgraceful Conduct of a British Landholder .... 313 

CHAPTER XIX 
Some Celebrations of St. Patrick's Day— Charitable Work by the 
Friendly Sons of Sl Patrick, New York — Nearly 3/JOO Persons 
Aasisied from 1809 to 1829 — The Destruction of the Records of 
the Society — Splendid Observances by Various Societies . . . 219 

CHAPTER XX 
St. Fatridc's Day Ce]d>rations in New York in 1855 and Other Years 
— Addresses by Thomas Francis Me^:her, Charles A, Dana, 
Richard O'Gonnan, Mayor Tiemann and Others — Some Big Pro- 
cessions in Honor of the Great Anniversary 330 

CHAPTER XXI 
Celebrations in Philadelphia, Washington— Many Entertaining Inci- 
dents Connected with these Anniversary Observances — ^The 
Friendly Sons of St Patrick, Philadelphia, and the Hibernian 
Society of that City— Some Very Notable Gatherings .348 

CHAPTER XXII 
The Hibernian Society of Charleston, S. C— A Sketch of Its Histor? 
— One Hundredth Anniversary Exercises— Extracts from the His- 
torical Address Delivered on that Occasion— The Irish Volunteers 
of Charleston — St Patrick's Benevolent Society . ■ . 259 



8 TABLE OF CONTENTS 

CHAPTER XXIII 

A St Patrick's Day Banquet on the Pacific Coast— A Number of New 
York Men Participate in the Festivities of the Occasion — ^Many 
Novel Features Interestingly Described — Some St Louis, Mo^ 
Recollections 280 

CHAPTER XXIV 

The New York "Herald" Compliments the Irish for their Devotion 
to the Union — ^The Centennial Anniversary of the New York 
Friendly Sons of St Patrick — ^Addresses Ddivered by Men of 
Prominence 295 

CHAPTER XXV 

Various Events in New York Under the Auspices of the Friendly Sons 
— ^Testimonials to W. R Gladstone, Judge James Fitzgerald, Judge 
Morgan J. O'Brien— James A. O'Gorman and Samuel Sloan — ^The 
French Embassy — Chief Officers of the Friendly Sons of St. Pa- 
trick, New York, from 1849 to 1905 322 

CHAPTER XXVI 

Splendid Observances by the New York Knights of St Patrick — ^Many 
Distinguished People Take Part — Knights of the Red Branch — 
Events by the Friends of Ireland — St Patrick's Qub and St Pa- 
trick's Guild — Brooklyn Celebrations 341 

CHAPTER XXVII 

Hon. Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States, a Guest of 
the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick — ^Receives a Great 
Welcome to the Festivities, and Makes a Spirited Address— Out- 
line of the Exercises 350 

APPENDIX 367 



SOME BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 371 



AT THE OUTSET. 

In these pages is brought together from many sources a- 
large amount of historical matter. It has a direct bearing 
upon the history of the Irish in America, and is of more than 
ordinary interest and value, as many of the facts have long 
been forgotten and are comparatively unknown to the pres- 
ent generation. 

In. the concluding portion of the " Foreword," to " Early 
Celebrations of St. Patrick's Day," published in 1902, 1 took 
occasion to remark : 

Future researches may bring to light earlier celebrations 
of St. Patrick's Day in America than any herein found. No 
doubt the Irish immigrants of decades earlier than 1737 did 
meet to honor the national anniversary that they had hon- 
ored at home, but the records are not at present attainable. 
A great deal of matter in this book has been gleaned, as will 
be seen, by a careful examination of the newspapers of the 
times covered. They were not then the eager reporters of 
«vents they have since become, but such as they were they 
found room for many a record of St. Patrick celebrations. 
While careful in this task, the author has not attempted to 
note every observance of the Day that took place, only the 
more prominent, notable and curious, not to say enter- 
taining. 

It was my intention to end the research there, and to leave 
to another, better qualified, who would have the inclination, 
the task of completing the story of St. Patrick's Day by a 
wider distribution of incidents in connection with the events 
of its -celebration from 1845 down to 1905. 

But the book was so charitably received, notwithstanding 
its omissions, and awakened such great interest, which was 
made evident by the large number of letters received, that I 



lO IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

was encouraged to go on. I am also indebted to my readers 
for much other interesting data, which I have embodied in 
this volume. It was largely because of this data that I was 
induced to continue my researches. 

In this volume, I have added to the biographical chapter 
of the children of the Irish race in America, having observed 
that part of the first volume was attentively read by so many 
who were interested to learn of the lives of those who trod the 
paths we now occupy and whose blood flows in our veins. 

During a long series of years, I have collected a great 
deal of material relating, historically, to the Irish in New 
York especially and throughout the country generally. Rare 
old books, pamphlets, manuscripts, letters and other treasures 
have come into my possession, by gift or purchase, and from 
these and other sources many precious facts long hidden 
from view have been obtained and are here given in more ac- 
cessible form. I am also indebted to the splendid collections 
of the New York Historical Society, the Astor and Lenox 
libraries and to tKose of similar institutions for much enter- 
taining data that is here set forth. 

My work in producing these volumes has been a labor of 
love. I had the material in my possession, and, knowing its 
value, from an historical standpoint, as illustrating certain 
phases, conditions and epochs, I felt I should be rendeiMg a 
service to the American people generally by assembling^^d 
presenting this material in systematic and tangible form/* 

In my sketches of Joseph J. O'Donohue, the coffee mer- 
chant; Eugene Kelly, the banker; Frederick Smyth, the ju- 
rist, and some other New York gentlemen, I am indulging in 
what may be termed contemporaneous narrative. These 
gentlemen were so recently among us that they are very 
well remembered. Half a century from now, however, this 
will not be so, and, as the years go by, the incidents here 
given concerning each will have increased value. The same 
general comment will also apply to other modem topics here 
touched upon. 

It is a good thing to keep alive these records of our race : 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY H 

they show a gradual, but sure, disappearance of religious 
intolerance and of the feelings of hatred and discord with 
which Irishmen have been often unjustly credited. " Race- 
hatred," said John E. Redmond, M.P., in his famous speech 
at the National Convention in Chicago in 1886, " is at best 
,111 unreasoning passion. I for one believe in the brotherhood 
Ljifi nations, and bitter as the memory is of past wrongs and 
{iresent injustice inflicted upon our people by our alien rulers, 
I assert the principle underlying our movement is not the 
principle of revenge for the past, but of justice for the 
future." 

The spirit of hopefulness — of leaving the things which are 
behind and of reaching forward to those which are before is 
Wronger now than ever, and America will never be lacking 
to nWD of Irish blood who will carry on the good work. 

American historical writers have paid but little attention 
to the Irish element in American history. Yet here is an 
element that has been among the most important in estab- 
lishing, defending and perpetuating the republic. Its sen'- 
ices to the nation have been integral and essential. It has 
been represented here from the beginning. There were Irish 
at Plymouth with the Pilgrims, at Salem and Boston with 
the Puritans, at New York with the Dutch colonists, and so 
on down into Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, the Caro-^ 
linas and other parts. Yet, owing to some strange indiffer- 
ence, some incomprehensible neglect, the average historian 
has utterly failed to accord the Irish element that meed of 
praise, or measure of notice, to which it is so justly entitled. 
In the interest of truth, impartiality and thoroughness this 
mast no longer be. 

Many of these Irish forefathers had in their veins some of 
the best and most ancient blood in Ireland. They could num- 
ber among their ancestors Irish lords and clansmen. But bet- 
ter than all that, these early Irish comers were strong of limb, 
stout of heart and cheerful in spirit. They loved God and 
Liberty, loved virtue and freedom. Since their day. millions 
of their race, possessing the same admirable traits, have come 



12 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

to the great republic of the West and contributed to its up* 
building. 

In closing this introduction, I fraternally appeal to the New 
York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick now living, and to those 
who, in the years to come, will occupy the places we fill in our 
work, that they ever keep in mind the traditions of their ven- 
erable Society, now in the I2ist year of its continued existence. 
There have been honored names on its rolls, men who did 
their part in maintaining the pride of ancestry, and with that 
pride conformed their lives to high ideals of int^^ty and 
purity. May the Society be ever jealous of this record and 
pass its history unblemished to posterity. 

John D. Crimmins. 

New York City, December, 1905. 




Early Irish Voyagers to America^-Thc Breiidanian Narrative— Men- 
n of " Great Ireland " in the Norse Sa«as — The See of Gardat in Green- 
land — Reference to Christian Missionaries in Vinland — An Irishman Be- 
lieved to Have Accompanied Columbus, 

When did the first Irish arrive in what is now called 
America? Probably as early as A.D. 550. That is to say, 
over thirteen centuries ago. Many writers, American and 
European, have devoted attention to the reputed voyage to 
these shores of the Irish missionary-navigator, St. Brendan. 

The bibliography of the subject is quite extensive. Among 
recent writers, De Roo has treated the Brendanian theory 
quite exhaustively in his splendid " History of America 
Before Columbus." * To that work we refer our readers for 
a special study of the subject. Briefly stated, De Roo is of 
opinion that the reputed voyage of St. Brendan to America 
is probably an ■ historical fact; that the Irish settled and 
civilized not only the islands of the Northern Atlantic, but 
extensive portions of our hemisphere, long before the ninth 
century of the Christian era, and that there was in truth a 
" Great Ireland " besides the Ireland of which we know. 

Persons unacquainted with early Irish history are apt to 
question the ability of the Irish to cross the Atlantic at so 
remote a period as the sixth century. But the " Psalter of 
Cashel "f states that Moghcorb, king of what is now Mun- 
ster in Ireland, got ready a large fleet as early as A.D. 293, 
and made a descent upon Denmark. The same authority 
states that, in A.D. 367, Criomthan, whom the " Psalter of 
Cashel " styles " Monarch of Ireland and Albany," prepared 

• In two volumes. Philadelphia, Pa., 1900. The J. P. Lippincott Com- 

t Qpoted by O'Halloran. 



Z4 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

another g^eat fleet, mustered a large body of troops and had 
the same transported to Scotland to act with the Picts and 
Saxons against the Roman wall In A,D. 396, Niall of the 
Nine Hostages, an Irish monarch, embarked with his forces 
in a fleet and operated along the English and French coasts. 
Were no other proofs available of the early maritime prowess 
of the Irish and their facilities for making ocean voyages, 
these would be sufficient. 

Brendan is believed, by a number of writers, to have made 
two voyages to America. The date of the first of these is 
placed by some at about A.D. 550. De Roo places it at A.D. 
535. The advent of the Irish to American shores, therefore, 
long antedates that of the Northmen, and precedes, by over 
nine hundred years, the coming of Columbus. 

Another volume that should be read in connection with 
this subject was published in London, 184 1. The author is 
North Ludlow Beamish, a fellow of the Royal Society, and 
member of the Royal Danish Society of Northern Anti- 
quaries. The work is entitled : " The Discovery of America 
by the Northmen in the Tenth Century, with Notices of the 
Early Settlements of the Irish in the Western Hemisphere." 
Beamish declares " that sixty-five years previous to the dis- 
covery of Iceland by the Northmen in the ninth century, 
Irish emigrants had visited and inhabited that island; that 
about A.D. 725, Irish ecclesiastics had sought seclusion 
upon the Faroe Islands; that in the tenth century voyages 
between Iceland and Ireland were of ordinary occurrence; 
and that in the eleventh century a country west from Ireland, 
and south of that part of the American continent which was 
discovered by the adventurous Northmen in the preceding 
age, was known to them under the name of White Man's 
Land, or Great Ireland." 

The Icelandic sagas, as shown by Beamish and other anti- 
quarians, frequently mention Irland it Mikla, or Great 
Ireland. The account of Ari Marson's sojourn in Great Ire- 
land is comparatively well known. His visit took place about 
A.D. 982. Ari was one of the principal chiefs in Iceland. 



^^H IRISH AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 1$ 

According to the saga, " He was driven by a tempest to White 
Man's Land, which some call Great Ireland: it lies to the west 
in the sea, near to Vinland the Good, and west from Ireland. 
From thence could Ari not get away, and was there baptized." 

In or about A.D. 1029, Gudleif Gudlangson visited Great 
Ireland under the following circumstances: * " It happened 
in the last years of the reign of King Olaf the Saint that 
Gudleif undertook a trading voyage to Dublin; but when he 
sailed from the west, intended he to sail to Iceland; he sailed 
then from the west of Ireland, and met with northeast winds, 
and was driven far to the west and southwest in the sea, 
where no land was to be seen. But it was already far gone 
in the summer, and they made many prayers that they might 
escape from the sea; and it came to pass that they saw land. 
It was a great land, but they knew not what land it was. 
Then took they the resolve to sail to the land, for they were 
weary of contending longer with the violence of the sea. 
They found there a good harbor ; and when they had been — 
a short time on shore, came people to them : they knew none 
of the people, but it ratlier appeared to them that they 
spoke Irish." The passage here italicized is declared by 
Beamish to be a very remarkable one, " and affords the 
strongest ground for believing that the country to which 
they were driven had been previously colonized from Ireland. 
The Northmen, from their intercourse with the Irish ports, 
mig^t be supposed to have had just sufficient knowledge of 
the language to detect its sounds * * * and under- 
stand the general meaning of the words." After being de- 
tained for a while, the voyagers here mentioned were allowed 
to re-embark, and " Gudleif and his people put to sea, and 
they landed in Ireland late in harvest, and were in Dublin for 
the winter. But in the summer after sailed they to Ice- 
land, * * *." 

Beamish inclines to the belief that the place where Gudleif 
and his party had landed in America was in the vicinity of 

* Translated from the Eyrbyggja saga, written as early as the begin- 
ning of the thirteenth century. 



1 6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

the Carolinas or Georgia, and that the White Man's Land, 
or Great Ireland, of the Northmen was in that neighbor- 
hood. Professor Rafn entertains the opinion that the terri- 
tory known as Great Ireland included North and South Caro- 
lina, Georgia, and East Florida. " From what cause," asks 
Beamish, " could the name of Great Ireland have arisen, but 
from the fact of the country having been colonized by the 
Irish ? * * * Nor does this conclusion involve any im- 
probability." As far back as the beginning of the eleventh 
century " White Man's Land, or Great Ireland, is mentioned 
— ^not as a newly discovered country — ^but as a land long 
known by name to the Northmen. Neither the Icelandic his- 
torians nor navigators were, in the least degree, interested 
in originating or giving currency to any fable respecting an 
Irish settlement on the southern shores of North America, 
for they set up no claim to the discovery of that part of the 
Western continent, their intercourse being limited to the 
coasts north of Chesapeake Bay. The discovery of Vinland 
and Great Ireland appear to have been totally independent 
of each other." It is not our purpose to go at length into 
the views expressed by Rask, the Danish philologist; Lionel 
Wafer, and others, regarding Irish traces in some of the 
American Indian dialects. We merely call attention to the 
fact that such traces have been noted. 

There is nothing unreasonable in the assumption that 
many voyagers from Ireland landed on the shores of Amer- 
ica, at various periods, covered by centuries, anterior to the 
arrival of the Northmen. Even the ship of St. Brendan may 
not have been the first Irish craft to be wafted to these coasts. 
The era of Vinland seems also to have an Irish chapter. John 
Gilmary Shea, in his work on "The Catholic Church in 
Colonial Days," says that " Priests sent out from Ireland and 
later from Scandinavia reached Iceland, and in time a church 
grew up in that northern land * * *." Christianity 
progressed to Greenland, " and Catholicity was planted on 
the American continent by priests from Iceland, and in 1 1 12 
the see of Gardar was erected by Pope Paschal II, and Eric 






n; ^■- 



r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY tj 



was appointed the first bishop. Full of missionary zeal, the 
prelate accompanied the ships of his seafaring flock, and 
reached the land known in the sagas of the North by the name 
of Vinland, as an Irish bishop, John of Skalholt in Iceland, 
had already done." 

Vinlafld is believed to have been located on the New 
England seaboard, and to have included the territory washed 
by the waters of Narragansett Bay. A map of Vinland, 
from accounts contained in old Northern MSS., appears in 
Beamish's work. According to this map, Vinland's coast line 
IT extended approximately from Point Judith, R. I., around Cape 
Cod, Mass., and northward past Boston to the northern point 
of Cape Ann, Mass. Within this area are now situated the 
cities of Newport, Providence and Pawtucket in Rhode Island, 
and Boston, New Bedford, Taunton, Quincy, Cambridge, 
Somerville, Everett, Chelsea, Maiden, Medford, Lynn, Salem, 
Gloucester and other places in Massachusetts. To people 
acquainted with the zealous, indomitable spirit of the early 
Irish missionaries it is by no means inconceivable that a 
number of them may have visited Vinland by way of Iceland 
and Greenland in those ancient days. 
' TTie following interesting fragment is quoted by Beamish 
■ from a manuscript codex : "Now are there, as is said, south 
ft-om Greenland, which is inhabited, deserts, uninhabited 
places, and icebergs, then the Skralings, then Markland, then 
Vinland the Good; next, and somewhat behind, lies Albania, 
wbidi is White Man's Land; thither was sailing, formerly, 
from Ireland; there Irishmen and Icelanders recognized Ari 
the son of Mar and Katia of Reykjaness, of whom nothing 
had been heard for a long time, and who had been made a 
chief there by the inhabitants." 

Justin Winsor, in his " Narrative and Critical History of 
America," mentions St, Brendan, and likewise Great Ireland, 
and so in their works have Humboldt and many other very 
eminent writers. Gen. Daniel Butterfield, of New York, 
while in Europe with Melvil Dewey, years ago, discovered a 
number of old Latin manuscripts in Paris in which St, Bren- 



1 8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

dan's voyages are mentioned at considerable length. Butter- 
field afterwards lectured in New York on the subject 
O'Donoghue's " Brendaniana. St. Brendan the Vo)rager in 
Story and Legend" (Dublin, 1893), will repay perusal in 
connection with this subject. 

iComing down to the year 1492, and the discovery of 
America by Columbus, we meet the interesting statement 
that the followers of that great nayigator included at least 
one Irishman in their ranks. Chief Justice Charles P. Daly, 
of New York, in an address before the Friendly S6ns of St 
Patrick, that city, some years ago, calls attention to this 
point. 

He says : " Before his return from his first voyage, Colum- 
bus built a fort upon the Island of San Domingo, where he 
placed thirty-seven men and three officers to await his return, 
and when upon his second voyage he returned to this spot, 
he found that the whole garrison had been killed and the fort 
destroyed. When Navarette was searching for the docu- 
ments in the archives of Seville for the great work which he 
published in 1825, he found one containing the names of the 
forty persons that Columbus had thus left, which document 
he incorporated in his work. It appears by it that all of 
these persons, except two, were Spaniards or Portuguese, 
and of these two, that one was an Irishman. The entry is as 
follows : ' Guillermo Ihres natural de Galway in Irelanda ' — 
William Ayres, native of Galway, in Ireland. So that an 
Irishman was among the first of civilized people that took up 
a permanent residence in America. If very little has been 
said heretofore upon the subject, it must be from the modesty 
of our race, for in this respect we differ from our Eastern 
brethren, w'ho are constantly anchoring all American history 
to the Rock of Plymouth." 




CHAPTER II. 



People of Irish Blood Stated to Have Come on the " Mayfiower." with 
ihe Pilgrims, to Plymouth Rock, in 1620— Governor Bradford of Plymouth 
Mentions Irish there in 1626-7— Irish at Salem and Boston, Mass., with 
the Puritans — Mention by Governor Winthrop. 

^The Pilgrims came over on the " Mayflower," to Plymouth 
Kock, in 1620. More than a thousand years had elapsed since 
the coming of Brendan to America. Great Ireland had flour- 
ished and passed away. 

The fact that it once existed, even, had long well-nigh 
been forgotten by living men, Vinland the Good had shared 
a similar fate. 

Yet the " Insula Sanctorum " — the native land of Bren- 

klan — still flourished, though sore distressed. In 1620, as of 

Bpfore. counlrj-men of Brendan were still among the pioneers 

F^d settlers of the New World. The Rev. William ElUot 

Griflis, in his work " Brave Little Holland and What She 

Taught Us," says : " In the ' Mayflower ' were one hnndred 

and one men, women, boys and girls as passengers, besides 

captain and crew. These were of English, Dutch, French 

and Irish ancestry, and thus typical of our national stock." 

On another page of the same work, Griffis speaks of " Miles 

Standish the Roman Catholic, Roger Williams the Radical, 

and John Alden the Irishman." 

William Bradford, who became governor of Plymouth 
Colony, has left a manuscript history of the plantation. With 
rare good judgment, the state of Massachusetts recently 
issued this Bradford history in printed form, thus greatly 
facilitating its consultation by the public. In it is mentioned 
the arrival at Plymouth colony, in 1626-7, of a ship having 
many Irish aboard. The destination of the ship, Bradford 



20 IRISH'AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

tells US, was Virginia, On the voyage across, however, sick- 
ness had broken out, the captain was attacked by scurvy, 
water ran low, fuel became scarce, and so it was resolved to 
make land at the first opportunity. 

The voyagers were then in the vicinity of Cape Cod, 
Mass., and soon after a somewhat violent landing was made 
along the coast and within the limits of the Plymouth juris- 
diction. The ship was seriously damaged and it became 
necessary to repair her. So the governor of Plymouth was 
appealed to for requisite oakum, pitch and spikes wherewith 
to make the repairs. These articles were promptly furnished. 
It being the winter time, the company decided to postpone 
further journeying toward Virginia. So they applied for 
permission to remain in the colony until a more propitious 
season had arrived, and they were in better condition to re- 
sume their voyage. 

Bradford states that " The cheefe amongst these people 
was one M' Fells and M' Sibsie, which had many servants 
belonging unto them, many of them being Irish." The Pil- 
grims generously set apart certain land for them, on which, 
in the spring, the new comers planted a large quantity of 
com. Toward the close of the summer they again set sail 
for Virginia, having previously disposed of their corn crop 
to the Pilgrims. Bradford does not state whether any of the 
company remained in Plymouth, but it is by no means un- 
likely that some of them did so. 

From time to time, other mention is found, in the records, 
/ of Irish in the Plymouth colony. Teague Jones, for instance, 
was a resident there in 1645, ^^^ perhaps earlier. In the 
year just mentioned, he was of Yarmouth, in the colony, and 
was with a force of Yarmouth men sent out against the Nar- 
ragansett Indians. They are described in the records as 
having served fourteen days. Tliey proceeded as far as 
Rehoboth, and all safely returned. Teague had, on more 
than one occasion, some contention with the selectmen of 
Yarmouth. At one time, in 1660, he was fined £6 for refus- 
ing to take the oath of fidelity. In 1667, as the records show. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY «I 

" the cellect men of the towne of Yarmouth retume the name 
of Teague Jones for not coming to meeting." Teague had 
a son named Jeremiah. The writer is indebted for many of 
these facts to Miss Virginia Baker, of Warren, R. I., one of 
Teaguc's descendants. At the close of King Philip's war, a 
'• rate '" was made, in 1676, to defray the expenses incurred 
by that struggle with the Indians, and Teague was assessed 
£3 4s. as his share of the burden. As to when he died, we 
have found no record. Some of his descendants have become 
people of prominence. 

Another Irishman who settled in the Plymouth colonj*.- 
was David O'Killia [O'Kellyj. Like Teague Jones, he be- 
came a resident of old Yarmouth, and was there as early as 
1657. The records refer to him as " the Irishman," and he 
appears to have been a person of considerable prominence in 
the community. One of his descendants is Osborne Howes, 
at present secretary of the Boston board of Fire Under- 
writers, and there are many others. Some of the pioneer's 
descendants bear the name Killey, a modification of the old 
form. In addition to instances here given of early Irish set- 
tlers in the land of the Pilgrim Fathers, others could be 
cited. 

The ship "Eagle Wing" sailed from Carrickfergus, Ire- J 
land, in 1636, with some 140 men, women and children on 
board. The vessel was of about 115 tons, the passengers 
"purposing (if God pleased) to pitch their tents in the plan- 
tations of New Ei^land." They were Irish Presbyterians, 
and among them were two ministers — Blair and Livingstone. 
They experienced a tempestuous voyage, during which " much 
of the bread not being well baked, was thrown overboard." 
Reaching the vicinity of Newfoundland, they encountered 
such fierce hurricanes that their ship was seriously damaged. 
Becoming bewildered and disheartened, they put about and 
returned to Ireland. On the voyage a child was bom aboard 
the " Eagle Wing," to whom the name Seaborn was given. 

Irish pioneers are also found at an early period in the 
Massachusetts Bay colony. Like those in the Pilgrim settle- 
ments, these sturdy sons of Hibemia among the Puritans of 



i 



2 2 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

" the Bay " were men of sterling character and worth. Under 
date of Sept. 2$, 1634, the Massachusetts records have this 
entry : " It is ordered that the Scottishe and Irishe gentle- 
men wch intends to come hither shall have liberty to sitt 
down in any place Vpp Merimacke Ryver, not possessed by 
any." In the Massachusetts Records (vol. i, p. 295), tmder 
date of 1640, is another interesting entry, to wit: "It is 
ordered that the goods of the persons come from Ireland 
shallbee free from this rate [tax]." And a marginal heading 
reads : " Irish goods now land free from ye rat [e] ." Salem, 
Mass., was settled in 1630, and Irish residents became numer- 
ous there and in Boston before 1680. Gov. Winthrop of 
" the Bay " specifically mentions Darby Field, " an Irish* 
man," as having, about 1640, with a party of Indians, ex- 
plored the White mountains. Capt. Daniel Patrick, the 
noted Indian fighter, is believed to have been an Irishman. 
He was a resident of the Massachusetts Bay colony in 
Winthrop's time. 

Many other settlers there at that period are positively 
known to have been Irish. Richard Dexter, an Irishman, 

' is reported as settling at Boston about 1640. In 1.659, ^^ 
Boston, "John Morrell an Irishman and Lysbell Morrell 
an Irishwoman were married 31st August by John Ende- 
/' cott," Governor. There are many similar records in which 
Irish people are mentioned. John, Richard and Patrick 
Riley were settlers in the Connecticut Valley, 1634-40. 
/Among residents, previous to 1700, in the Massachusetts 

/and Plymouth colonies are over a hundred bearing Irish names. 
The list is to be found in " The Recorder " (Boston, Mass., 
March, 1902). It was compiled by Thomas Hamilton Murray 
from Savage's " Genealogical Dictionary " of New England; 
Bodge's " History of King Philip's War; " Farmer's " Gene- 
alogical Register of the First Settlers of New England; " 
Frothingham's " History of Charlestown, Mass.; " Wyman's 
" Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown," and from other 
r uthoritative works. 

John Casey, mentioned in this list, participated in the 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY aj 

" Great Swamp fight " against the Narragansett Indians, m i 
1675, and was wounded in that engagement. Many other , 
names could be added to the list. Thus, for instance, the * 
Massachusetts records show that in 1661, " John Reylean an 
Irishman & Margaret Brene an Irishwoman were married 
i5lh March by John Endecott Governor." Daniel Ma- 
gennis, mentioned in the list, was a soldier in King Philip's 
u-ar. He became a corporal, and was at one time clerk of his 
company. The Massachusetts forces operating against the 
Indians in King Philip's war, 1675-6, included a number of 
Irish soldiers. An article on this subject appeared, some 
years ago, in the " Rosary Magazine " (New York), now _ 
published at Somerset, Ohio. In the old Granary Burial 
Ground in Boston is a stone inscribed as follows: "Here 
Lyeth Interred y* Body of Charles Maccarty, son to Thad- 
eus and Elizabeth Maccarty, aged 18 years, wanting 7 days. 
Deceased y* 25 of October, 1683." A Charles Maccarty 
graduated from Harvard College in 1691. In 1692, Roger 
Kelly was a representative, from the Isles of Shoals, to the' 
General Court of Massachusetts. 

But to retrace our steps. We find an article in a recent issue 
of " The Recorder," published by the American-Irish His- 
torical Society, which is of great interest. It states that " In 
1630, Governor John Winthrop and others of the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony hired and dispatched away Mr. William 
Pearsc, with his ship of about two hundred tons, for Ireland 
to buy more provisions. As he did not return as soon as 
expected, " many were the fears of people that Mr. Pearce 
who was sent to Ireland to fetch provisions, was cast away or 
taken by pirates." In Feb., 1631, however, he arrived at 
Boston, Mass., bringing the following supplies : 34 hogsheads 
of wheat meal, 15 hogsheads of peas, 4 hogsheads of oatmeal, 
4 hogsheads of beef and pork, 15 cwt. of cheese, butter, suet, 
etc. These supplies were in good condition, and a day of 
Thanksgiving was ordered by the Governor. A second ship 
appears to have arrived about this time, for the colonists 
nearby " lifted up their eyes and saw two ships coming in, and 



24 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

presently the tiewes came to their eares, says one among 
them, that they were come from Ireland full of victualls." 
Frothingham's " History of Charlestown, Mass./' informs us 
that in 1640, "there came over great store of provisions both 
out of England and Ireland." 

This presentation of material concerning the Irish element 
in Massachusetts, prior to the year 1700, could be continued 
almost indefinitely. We merely quote so much, to give a 
general illustration of the subject. After the year 1700 the 
amount of material available, of course, vastly increases. 
CuUen's " Story of the Irish in Boston " presents much in- 
formation on this point. During Oliver Cromwell's bar- 
barous regime in Ireland many Irish men, women, boys and 
girls were seized and transported to Barbadoes, to Virginia, 
and to New England. Doubtless, too, there was more or less 
voluntary Irish emigration to these places at that period. 
Ireland was a good place to get out of, and many of the 
Irish people left there and came to America. 

Rhode Island furnishes many instances of Irish pioneers 
within her borders. Edward Larkin was a resident of New- 
port, R. I., as far back as 1655, and left many descendants. 
His name appears in the early records, including the "Roule 
of y* Freemen of y* colonic of everie Towne." 

In 1682, according to the Providence records, Cornelius 
Higgins purchased of Andrew Harris, of Pawtucket, R. I., 
9834 acres in Scituate, in the " precincts of y* said Town* of 
Providence." Thomas Casey is early heard of in Newport, 
R. I. He was born in Ireland about 1636 and died in 1719. 
In 1692, he, and his son Thomas, witnessed a deed g^ven by 
James Sweet of East Greenwich, R. I., to Thomas Weaver, of 
Newport. Adam Casey, another son of Thomas is mentioned 
in 1742 as a lieutenant. In 1750, this Adam Casey bought 
50 acres in Scituate, R. I. He had a son, Edward Casey. 
They removed to Coventry, R. I., in 1760. Adam Casey 
was dead in 1765, the records showing that his will was 
" proved " that year. Samuel Casey, a third son of Thomas, 
the immigrant, resided at different times in Newport, Kings 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 25 

iTown and Exeter, R. I., and filled various town offices. His 
l«state, after his death, inventoried £2,803 i^^- 6''- 

Charles MacCarthy was one of the founders, in 1677, of 

I the town of East Greenwich, R. I. He was a man of sturdy 

' character and was greatly esteemed in the community. He 

and his brother had been " forced from home in the wars." 

The brother went to Spain, and Charles to the West Indies. 

Troubles breaking out in the latter place, Charles eventually 

^•cttled in Rhode Island. He and the Spencers of East Green- 

H wich were very intimate friends. In his will he mentions a 

■fetter which he had received from his brother. The latter, he 

Btells us, had gone back from Spain to Kinsale and sent for him 

Vio return home. But Charles never went back and he and his 

brother never again met. At the assignment of land to the 

founders of East Greenwich, MacCarthy was given ten acres 

as a town lot and ninety acres for a fann. He died a few 

years later deeply regretted. 

Evidence of Irish settlers is found in all the New England " 
colonies previous to 1650. A party of refugees from the 
West Indies came to wliat is now New Haven, Conn., about 
1640. One of the party was William Collins,* We are told 
•- that soon after landing, the company dispersed " and some 
returned to Ireland." t Many equally interesting facts might 
be nairated. A victim of the Cromwelllan confiscation, Ed- 
mund Fanning, an Irishman, settled at Groton, Conn. He/ 
had fJed the Old Land on the surrender of Limerick, 1651.' 
His uncle, Dominick Fanning, of Limerick, was one of the 
twenty-one persons exempted from pardon, by Ireton, and 
was beheaded. Edmund Fanning, who settled in Connecti- 
cut, has many descendants, among them being D. H, Fan- 
ning and Walter F. Brooks, both of whom are now residents 
of Worcester, Mass. 

* Collins later taught school at Hartford, and subsequently went to 
Bottofi. He nurried a daughter of Anne Hutchinson. Falling into dis- 
favor with the Boston church, Anne and her family, including Collins, 
located on the island of Rhode Island, later removing to Westchester, 
N. y. The family perished at the hands of the Indians, Collins being one 
of the victims. 

t See Felt's " Ecclesiastical History of New England." 



CHAPTER III. . 

Lord Baltimore's Project to Establish a Colony in Newfoundland — 
Some Irish Pioneers in New York — Mention of Jan Andriessen, the 
Irishman "Van Dublingh/' who Settled at Bevcrwyck, now Albany — 
Governor Thomas Dongan. 

Sir George Calvert, Lord Baltimore (an Irish title), eariy 
conceived the idea of establishing a Catholic colony in 
America. In 1609, he was one of the Virginia Company of 
Planters. In 1620, the same year the Pilgrims landed at 
Plymouth Rock, Calvert having bought the southeast penin- 
sula of Newfoundland, sent out thereto Capt. Edward Wynne 
and some colonists to form a settlement at Ferryland. In 
1623, Calvert secured a charter for the province of Avalon, 
Newfoundland. He reached Newfoundland himself in 1627 
with supplies and settlers, among the latter of whom were 
doubtless some Irish. Two or three winters were spent in 
the place, but the severity of the climate caused the enter- 
prise to be abandoned. The settlement of Maryland was 
more auspicious. 

Daniel Dulany, a native of Queen's County, Ireland, was 
born in 1686. He was a cousin of Rev. Patrick Dulany, dean 
of Down. Daniel came to this country when quite young and 
settled in Maryland. He was admitted to the bar in 1710, be- 
came attorney-general of the province, judge of admiralty,, 
commissary-general, agent and receiver-general, and council- 
lor. He was in the public service of Maryland for nearly 40* 
years. 

The colony or province of New York attracted Irish set- 
tlers to its confines long before Governor Dongan's time. The 
illustrious Father Jogues while in captivity wrote to Father 
Lalemant. The letter was dated Rensselaerwyck, Aug. 30r 



r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3J 



1643. He tells that he found, on the Island of Manhattan, a 
Portuguese woman and a young Irishman, whose confession 
he heard. Hugh O'Neal is mentioned as having married 
the widow of Adriaen Van der Donck. This latter gentle- 
man died at New Amsterdam in 1655, he having been very 
prominent in the place. His baronial estate was known as 
Colon Donck, and was in Yonkers. He bequeathed it to 
his widow, who subsequently became the wife of O'Neal, as 
just stated. An Irishman, John Anderson, is found in Bever- 
wyck, now Albany, as early as 1645. '^^^ Dutch called him 
" Jan Andriessen, de lersman van Dubiingh." The records 
^ow that in 1645 Andriessen leased a " bouwerie," which 
was located, according to O'Callaghan, " north of Stony 
Point," and it is also known that he purchased a homestead 
and farm, at Coxsackie, of Peter Bronck. Andriessen is 
believed to have died about 1664. A paper largely devoted 
to him was read, Jan, ig, 1903, by Judge Franklin M, Dana- - 
her, of Albany, at the annual meeting in New York city of 
the American-Irish Historical Society. The Society has 
since published the paper in pamphlet form under the title: 
"Early Irish in Old Albany, N. Y." 

Judge Danaher says of Andriessen that when he arrived 
we know not, " It is enough to know that ' Jan Andriessen 
de lersman van Dubiingh ' was taken to the hearts of the 
phlegmatic Dutch burghers of ancient Albany, for all 
through the records (even after his death) he is familiarly, 
and seemingly affectionately, spoken of as ' Jantie,' or 
'Johnnie,' even as ' Jantien,' or 'little Johnnie,' and the 
Dutch went on his bond and obligations, even as they ac- 
cepted his bond for theirs." Judge Danaher states that An- 
driessen's first mention tn the records is as follows: 



"Appeared before me Johannes La Montagne, in the 
service of the General Privileged West India Company, Vice 
Director, etc., William Frederickse Bout, farmer of the wine 
and beer excise consumable by the tapsters, in Fort Orange, 
village of Beverwyck and appendancies of the same, who de- 



^8 IRISH'AMBRICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

clared that he had transferred as by these presents, he does 
transfer, to Jan Andriessen, the Irishman from Dublin, dwell- 
ing in Catskill, the right in the aforesaid excise belonging to 
him, the assignor, in Catskill, for the sum of one hundred and 
fifty ( 1 50) guilders, which sum the aforesaid Jan Andriessen 
promises to pay, in two terms, to wit, on the first day of May 
the half of said sum, and on the last day of October of the 
year A.D. 1657, the other half, under a pledge of his person 
and estate, movable and immovable, present and future, 
submitting the same to all courts and judges. 

" Done in Fort Orange this 19th of January A.D. 1657; 
present Johannes Provoost, and Daniel Verveelen. 

" This is the mark 'f- of William Frederickse Bout 
" This is the mark h*^ of Jan Andriessen. 

^* Johannes Provoost witness. 
^' Daniel Verveelen. 

" Acknowledged before me, 

" La Montague, 
" Deputy of Fort Orange." 



A lease made out, in 1664, by Abram Staets to Jan Andries- 
sen concludes: 



" Thus done in Beverwyck, in amity and friendship, and 
in the presence of me, J. Provoost, clerk, datum ut supra. 

"Abram Staets. 



" This is the mark A^ of Jan Andriessen, the Irishman, 

O with his own hand set. 
Acknowledged before me, 

J. Provoost, 

Clerk." 



" /\CKnowicugcu uciurc rnc, 



" We take leave," says Judge Danaher, in the course of 
his paper, " of this derelict seventeenth-century Irishman, 
who lived among the Dutch in the colony of Rensselaer- 



r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL UISCELLANY 



■wryck for so many years, with regret and wonder — regret that 
we know nothing more concerning him and his antecedents 
and how and why he left Dublin, * • * and wonder — 
not so much that he spent his life among the phlegmatic and 
clannish Dutch burghers, * * * as at the fact that they 
allowed him burghership and trade privileges, which were 
then a valuable asset * * *. It is quite possible that he 
was a soldier in the service of the Dutch West India Com- 
pany and came to Albany in that way. It may be that he 
was a refugee of the so-called ' Rebellion ' of 1G41, and sought 
among aliens in the wilds of America the privilege of being 
allowed to live, which was denied him by the English in his 
native land." 

Judge Danaher mentions a number of other Irishmen ia 

Albany prior to the year 1700. He speaks of Capt- John 
Manning, Sergt. Patrick Dowdell, Sergt, John Fitzgerald 
and Thomas Quinn, soldiers of the English garrison in the 
fort at Albany when the place was reconquered by the 
Dutch and held for a time in 1673. He likewise mentions 
William Hogen, or Hogan, an Irishman, resident among 
the Dutch of old Albany as early as 1692. The Dutch 
records speak of him as born in " Yrlandt in de Kings 
County." In 1700 and 1703, H(^n served on a jury in 
Albany, and was also, at one period, an assessor, and one 
of the " fyre masters of ye Citty." 

Another Irish settler in Albany was John Finn, also men- 
tioned both as Jan Fyne and Johannes Fine. He was in 
Albany as far back as 1695, and is described in the records as 
" van Waterfort in Irlandt." In 1696 he married Jopje 
Qasse van Slyck, and in 1699 wedded as his second wife 
Alida, a daughter of Jacob Janse Gardinier of Kinderhook. 
Finn is at one time mentioned as a cooper, and again as a 
licensed inn-keeper. He was still living in 1701. Oyje 
Oyjens (Owen Owens), an Irishman, is mentioned in the rec- 
ords of old Albany as having married Marie Wendell, in 
1704. The records speak of him as " geboren tot Cork in 
leriand." Patrick Martin, mentioned in the old Albany 



30 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

records as having married, in 1 707, Mary Cox, is described as 
" trommelslager onder de compagnie grenadiers von de Hon. 
Richard Ingoldsby." 

" Thomas the Irishman " is mentioned in the Dutch records 
of New York. Thus, Hon. Peter Stuyvesant, Director-Gen- 
eral of New Netherland, writing to Capt. Martin Cregier, 
1663, says : " Your letter by Thomas the Irishman has just 
been received." ... On Aug. 5, 1663, Captain Cr^er 
writes in his journal : " Thomas the Irishman arrived here at 
the Redoubt from the Manhatans." On Sept. i, 1663, Captain 
Cregier writes : " Thomas the Irishman and Qaesje Hoorn 
arrived with their yachts at the Kill from the Manhatans," 
and on the 17th of the same month the captain writes: 
" Thomas the Irishman arrived to-day/' The foregoing ref- 
erences may be found in " Documents Relating to the Colonial 
History of the State of New York," edited by Femow, Vol. 
XIII, Albany, 1881. 

Thomas Dongan, an Irish Catholic, was appointed gov- 
ernor of New York by the Duke of York, who was later 
King James II of England. Dongan was a native of Castle- 
town, County Kildare, Ireland, and was bom in 1634. He 
became a soldier, attained the rank of colonel, and served in 
the French army in all Turenne's campaigns. At the time 
of Dongan's resignation, in 1677, he had command of an 
Irish regiment in the army of Louis XIV. Dongan was de- 
voted to the cause of the Stuarts, and was recalled from 
France in the year just mentioned. Charles II granted bim 
a life pension of £500 per year, and he was made lieutenant- 
governor of Tanpers. 

Appointed governor of New York, Dongan sailed from 
England aboard the old frigate " Constant Warwick," and 
landed at Nantasket, Mass., Aug. 10, 1683. With his retinue 
he started overland for New York. He was accompanied 
as far as Dedham, Mass., by a Boston troop and by a number 
of prominent people. He crossed the soimd to Long Island, 
and arrived in New York city on Saturday, August 25. The 
province of New York at that time included Nantucket and 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY it 

Martha's Vineyard, Mass., the district of Pemmaquid, Me., 
and other territory not comprised in the present state of New 
York. 

As governor of the province, Dongan gave a liberal and 
just administration. He was the author of the famous Don- 
gan charter, and in many other ways proved himself a wise 
and sagacious ruler. He was heartily in favor of Irish immi- 
gration to New York, and did all in his power to encourage 
it. In 1684, he expressed the desire that a ship " go con- 
stantly between New York and Ireland and bring passengers 
for New York," In 1687, he wrote to the lord president of 
the board of trade, saying among other things: " My lord, 
there are people enough in Ireland who had pretenses to 
estates there and are of no advantage to the country and 
may live here very happy- I do not doubt that if his majesty 
thinks fit to employ my nephew he will bring over as many 
as the king may find convenient to send, who will be no 
charge to his majesty after they are landed," Had affairs 
remained, in England, as they then were, and had Dongan 
continued governor of New York, this project of his for 
bringing Irish in large numbers here would have, perhaps, 
been carried out- But, unfortunately, these conditions did 
not last. Dongan remained governor until the spring of 
1688, when he was superseded by Andros, who was also 
commissioned to govern New England. Dongan subse- 
quently experienced harsh treatment in New York, and was 
finally obliged to leave the province, owing to the machina- 
tions of his poHtical and religious enemies. 

During his term as governor of New York, Dongan, in 
1687, went to Albany and participated there in a grand 
council with the Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Oneidas and 
Mohawks. He visited Albany again, later in the year, and 
took command of the military force there, which consisted 
of 50 horse, 400 foot, and 800 Indians. He remained in 
Albany until sometime in the spring of 1688, when he re- 
turned to New York city. Andros, the new governor of the 
province, assumed the administration of affairs in August, 



33 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

1688. Dongan passed most of the year 1690 in Bostcm, 
from which place he sailed for England, reaching the latter 
place in 1 69 1. He was subsequently offered the rank of ma- 
jor-general, but declined the honor. He became Earl of Lim- 
erick, died in 1715, and was buried in St. Pancras churchyard, 
London. 

Dongan's real estate in this country comprised a house 
and lot in New York city, a farm at Hempstead, property in 
Martha's Vineyard, and 25,000 acres on Staten Island. 
This latter property he had erected into the " manor and 
lordship of Cassiltowne." Thomas, John and Walter Don- 
gan, kinsmen of the governor, were residing in this country, 
and probably in New York, in 171 5. In 1723, the New York 
Assembly passed a private act " to enable Thomas Dongan 
and Walter Dong^, two surviving kinsmen of Thomas, late 
Earl of Limerick," to sell some part of their estate there. 
Many high tributes of esteem have been paid Gov. Dongan. 
Hinckley, of Plymouth, declares that " he was of a noble and 
praiseworthy mind and spirit, taking care that all the people 
in each town do their duty in maintaining the minister of the 
place, though himself of a different opinion from their way." 
Lossing describes him as " the liberal and just Governor." 
Mrs. Lamb, in her " History of New York," states that " he 
had broad, intelligent views, was an accomplished politician, 
and was essentially a man for the times. He was a ready 
falker, bland and deferential to associates, and fitted to in- 
spire confidence in all around him. He has been justly 
classed among the best of our colonial Governors." 

Bearers of the Dongan name, kin to Gov. Dongan, in- 
cluded Edward Vaughan Dongan of the Third Battalion, 
New Jersey Volunteers, who expired of wounds received, 
in August, 1777, in an attack on the British at Staten Island. 
Another collateral descendant of the Governor was John 
Charlton Dongan, who represented Richmond County in 
the New York Assembly, 1786-89. A number of tombstCHies 
of members of the Dongan family are to be seen in the old 
Richmond churchyard, Staten Island. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 33 

In 1677, William Walsh is mentioned as a taxpayer in 
New York city. In 1695, we find a John Morris in New 
York, and in 1703 the list of inhabitants of that city included 
John Barr, Thomas Carroll, Richard Fleming, Bartholomew 
Hart, Henry Mooney and Peter Morrayn [Moran?]. Barr's 
family is mentioned as comprising "two males, one female, 
and four children." Carroll's family comprised "one male, 
two females, three children, and one negress." Fleming's 
family comprised " one male, one female, and one child." In 
Mooney's family were " two males and one female." Mor- 
rayn's family is set down as consisting of " one male, one fe- 
male, six children, and one negro." A " chirurgeon " — sur- 
geon — named Thomas Flynn resided in New York city in 
1702. That he was of Irish birth or extraction can safely be 
taken for granted. We thus far allude only to some of the 
earlier Irish settlers, leaving those of later years to be herein- 
after mentioned. 



i 



CHAPTER IV. 

Irish Arrivals in Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland, Vir- 
ginia, the Carolinas and Georgia — Many Irish in Barbadoes and other 
Places in the West Indies — Some of the Ships that Brought Them. 

William Penn, for whom Pennsylvania is named, had re- 
sided for some time at Cork, in Ireland. Coming to this 
country, he had official relations with Gov. Dongan of New 
York at various times, and was, on one occasion, hospitably 
entertained in New York city by him. 

Penn was bom in 1644, ^^^ died in 1718. In 1666, he was 
sent to Ireland, from England, to manage his father's prop- 
erty in Cork. He appears at Kinsale as "clerk of the 
cheque " at fort and castle. He attended Quaker meetings 
in Cork and, subsequently, became an exponent of that creed. 
He arrived in America in 1682. 

Among those who came with him were Dennis Rochford, 
of County Wexford, Ireland, and Mary, his wife. Two 
daughters of Dennis and Mary died on the voyage. The 
passengers were spoken of as " people of consequence " and 
as ** people of property." In 1683, Dennis was a member of 
the Assembly.* 

The Irish settled in large numbers in Pennsylvania during 
Penn*s time, and afterwards. James Logan, an Irishman, 
ably governed the colony for two years after Penn's death. 
As far back as 1730 we find townships in Pennsylvania bear- 
ing such Irish nam^s as Coleraine, Donegal, Tyrone, and 

* Scharf-Westcott, "History of Philadelphia," quoted in Vol. VL, 
Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society. Albert Cook Myen, 
of Swarthmore College, Pa., has recently brought out an interesting work 
on the "Immigration of the Irish Quakers into Pennsylvania, 1682-1790^ 
with Their Early History in Ireland." 



i 



r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3$ 



Derry, indicating the presence of large numbers of immi- 
grants from Ireland. In the year 1729 over 5,600 Irish ar- 
rived at the port of Philadelphia, as against only 267 English 
and Welsh, 343 Palatines, and 43 Scotch. And this tremen- 
dous Irish immigration to that province was long continued. 
There was also a large Irish immigration to New Jersey, 
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia. 
Philip Conner was an influential man in Maryland as far back 
as 1647. In that year he was made Commissioner for Kent 
County, and is referred to as " The last commander of Old 
Kent." Charles Carroll, grandfather of Charles Carroll of 
Carrotlton, came to Maryland late in i688. He bore a com- 
mission constituting him attorney-general of the province, 
and was awarded, by James II, a tract in Maryland consist- 
ing of about 60.000 acres, divided into three manors, each 
containing 20,000 acres. He died in 1720. His son Charles, 
who succeeded to the estates of the attorney -general, was 
known as Charles Carroll of Doughoregan [Md.]. This 
second Charles had one child, who became the famous 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 

Irish settlements were early made in South Carolina. An^^ 
historian states that " Of all other countries, none has fur- 
nished the province with so many inhabitants as Ireland. - 
Scarce a ship sailed from any of its ports for Charleston that 
was not crowded with men, women, and children." One 
projected Irish colony in South Carolina proved unfortunate. 
The details are thus narrated: "The Council having an- 
nounced, in England and Ireland, that the land of the ejected 
Yemassees would be given to the actual settlers, five hundred 
persons from Ireland transported themselves to South Caro- 
lina to take benefit of it. But the whole project was frus- 
trated by the proprietors, who claimed those lands as their 
property, and insisted on the right of disposing of them as 
they saw fit. Not long afterwards, to the utter ruin of the 
Irish emigrants, and in breach of the provincial faith, these 
Indian lands were surveyed, by order of the proprietors, 
for their own use. and laid out in large baronies." The his- 



36 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

torian further tells us that '' Many of the unfortunate Iri^ 
emigrants, having spent the little money they brought with 
them, were reduced to misery and famished. The remainder 
removed to the northern colonies." A number of Irish set- 
tlers located in North Carolina after the Williamite war in 
Ireland. One of these James Moore, led the revolution of 
1705, in the colony, and was elected governor. 

There are many especially interesting facts in connection 
with early Irish settlers in Virginia. Many of these Irish 
came voluntarily, but others were forcibly transported dur- 
ing Cromwell's time. The names of many Irish pioneers in 
Virginia are given in Hotten's " Original Lists." 

In Hotten's " Lists of the Livinge and Dead in Virginia, 
Febr: 16^, 1623," appear the following: Living: John Hely, 
John Duffy, Elizabeth Higgins, Edward Bryan, William 
Ganey, Henry Ganey, Thomas Lane and Francis Barrett. 
Dead: John Lasey, Richard Griffin, Mathew Griffine, John 
Maning, Naamy Boyle, Peter Dun, Martin CuflFe, James and 
John, *' Irishmen " ; Bridgett Dameron, and a long list of 
others. The two Irishmen, John and James, specifically men- 
tioned, are spoken of as " at Elizabeth Cittie." 

Among those who sailed for Virginia, in January, 1634, 
from the port of London, on the " Bonaventure," were: 
Garrett Riley, Miles Riley, Jo. Bryan, Tho. Murfie, Philip 
Conner and Jo. Dunn. The " Bonaventure " was a mer- 
chantman, commanded by James Ricrofte. 

Brian Kelly and Edmond Farrell were among those who 
embarked, for Virginia, in 1635, aboard the " Safety." 
Charles MacCartie and Owen MacCartie sailed from an 
English port, in 1635, ^^^ Virginia, on the " Plain Joan." 

William Hickey, Richard Hughes, William Strange, Philip 
Bagley and Daniel Collier embarked, with many others, on 
the " Paule " of London, in July, 1635, bound to Virginia. 

Teage Williams, ** Irishman," embarked in the " Mar- 
garett," in March, 1633, for St. Christophers. 

Tego Leane " of Corke in Ireland " is recorded in Hot- 
ten's " Lists " as among those who " passed out of the Poart 



I^V IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3? 

o( Plimworth Ano Dnie 1634," in the " Robert Bonaven- 
ture " for St, Christophers, By Plimworth is meant Ply- 
mouth, Eng. Tego, (or Teague) was then 30 years of age. 

Thomas Riley embarked at the port of London, in Septem- 
ber. 1635, for Bermuda. Richard Larkynn, Daniel Connelly 
and John Fynn took passage at London, in October, 1635, 
for St. Christophers. 

In May, 1635, there embarked, at the port of London, in 
the "Alexander," for Barbadoes: Teiague Nacton, Der- 
mond O'Bryan, Margaret Conway, John MacConry, Thomas 
Fludd. Dennis MacBrian, and a large number of others. 

In the " Mathew " of London, 1635, embarked for St. 
Christophers: Mathew Hely, Thomas Garrett, Darby Hur- 
lie, Robert Lacie. Thomas Jerrill and Daniel Lee, in addition 
(o others. 

In 1635, the following among others, embarked at " y* 
port of London," in the " Ann and Elizabeth," " to be trans- 
ported to the Barbadoes and St. Christophers": Thomas 
Martin. John Barret, James Tate, Bryan Eourk, Andrew 
Carr, Owen Garret, Patrick Conly and Patrick Connyer. 
They are described as having taken the oaths of allegiance 
and supremacy, which oaths seem to have been generally 
required at that time. 

" Daniel y* Son of Darby and Elizabeth Mailonee " is men- 
tioned, in 1679, as having been baptized in Barbadoes. The 
same year, was buried " Mary y* Wife of Morgan Murphy," 
of the parish of St. James, Barbadoes. " Cornelius y* Son 
of Dearman Driskell," of Barbadoes, was also buried in 1679. 
Mary Driskell of St, James parish, Barbadoes, was buried in 
1678, and Dorothy Callahan in 1679. 

Some Irish Property Owners in Barbadoes,* 1679. 



The following is from a " List of all y* Names of y* Inhabi- 
tants in y* Parrish of Christ Church [Barbadoes] with an 

• Compiled from HoUen's " Original Lists." 



38 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Exact accompt of all y* Land, white semants; and ^ 
within y* Said parrish Taken This 22^ Decemb' 1679 " : 



Neg- 



i 

ti 



< 

John Barry 14 

Nicholas Blake 9 

Tobias Burk. 4 

William Buttler 10 

James Burk 8^ 

Cornelius Conoway. . . 3 

Teague Coughlan..... 7 

Bryen Conner 6 

Cornelius Gancey. ... 10 

John Creede 26 

Garrett Dillon. ao 

William Dowling 3 

Morris FitzGerald 15 

Hugh Foy 3 

Thomas Ford 15 

Matthew Gorman 10 

Edward Gary 8 

Edward Griffin 30 

Edward Hart 32 

Thomas Haley 12 



s 

u 
S < 

12 Patrick Hughinis 9 

7 William Hackett 7 

2 Walter Hart 80 

I Thomas Hayes 317 

. David Kelly 13 

1 Thomas Maxwell 24 

4 Thomas Mitchell i 

Daniel MacGraugh. . . 2 

3 John MacGraugh 5 

2 Hugh Morris 5 

9 William Morris 15 

Edmond Morris 10 

9 Bryen MacBreeckly. . . 19 

James Molholland 10 

9 John Quiggen 12 

I Teague Renny $ 

I Anthony Slany 

3 Owen Shorte 6 

Patrick White 13 









28 
16 

3 
30 

• • 

2 
2 
I 

2 

• • 

8 

2 
6 

• • 

2 

• • 

6 



Some property owners in the Parish of St. Andrews, Bar- 
badoes, 1679-80: 



< 

Edward Jordan 28 

William Roach 4 

John Tayte. 16 

Hugh Dunn 10 

Dennis Murfey 14 

Daniel Donavan 4 

Andrew Follyn. 26 



I 

10 
I 

5 



< 



i 

9 

2 



Thomas Russell 25 5 

Daniel Shahanisse 10 .. 

John Welch 19 i 

Mrs. Helen Cantey 20 7 

Dermott Mahont 2 

Dennis Mackhala 2 



The following were owners and possessors of land, hired 



servants and apprentices, bought servants and n^^oes 
y« Parish of St. Michaells", Barbadoes (1678-1679): 



It 



m 



IRISH-AMERICAM HISTORICAL WSCEUANY 



i it I 



< iiS «« K « 

Hngli Brandon 25 t 6 Bryan Murphe 9 

Cornelius Bryan.... 14 1 I g Thomas Neale 50 

Patrick Carney 5 .. .. I David Welch s 

Roger Dunn 7 3 



Among those to whom tickets were granted, in 1679, to 
leave Barbadoes are mentioned: Dennis Burke, to depart in 
the " Prosperous " for Virginia; John Butler, to depart in 
the "New London" for London; Michael Bradley, in the 
" Amity," for London; Teag Bowhane, in the " Society." for 
Bristol; Elinor A. Butler, in the "Neptune." for Virginia; 
Walter Buttier, in the "John and Sarah." for New York; 
Jeoffrey Burke in the " True Friendship," for Antigua; Teag 
Dunnohoe, in the " Margaret," for Beaumaris; Cornelius and 
JefTory Dunnohoe, in the " Margaret." for Beaumaris; Teage 
Finn, in the " Industry," for Bristol; John Fitz Jarrell [Fitz 
Gerald], in the "Swallow," for Liverpool: Hugh Farrell, 
in the " Dove," for Nevis; Dennis Griffin, in the "John and 
Francis," for Antigua; William Healy, in the " Society," for 
Bristol; Dennis Haley, in the " Society," for Bristol; Michael 
Jennings, in the " Rutter," for Jamaica; John and Ellinor 
Kennedy, in the "Society," for Bristol; Richard Lynch, in 
the "True Friendship," for Nevis; Morgan Lynch, in the 
"Resolution," for Antigua; Daniel Mahony, in the "Friends 
Adventure," for Antigua; Daniel Murphy, in the " Industry," 
for Bristol; Owen Magwaine, in the "Industry" for Bristol; 
John Mahane, in the " Industry," for Bristol; James 
Mahone, in the "Plantacon," for Carolina; Patrick 
MacDaniell, in the " Neptune," for Virginia; Patrick Maden, 
in the "True Friendship," for Antigua; Martin Neagle, in 
the " Young William," for Virginia; Ann O'Neal, in the 
"Rutter," for Jamaica; John Querk, in the "William and 
Susan," for New England; Luke Rainy, in the " Prosperous," 
for Virginia; Teige Skahane, in the " Industry," for Bristol; 
Edmond Welch, in the " Rebecca." for Virginia. 



40 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

The origin of the name Newport News, Va., has long been 
a subject for discussion. President Lyon G. Tyler, of the 
College of William and Mary, Virginia, traces the name to 
Port Newce, Ireland, whence Daniel Gookin transported 
some emigrants and cattle to Virginia, about 1620, naming 
his landing place New Port Newce. According to the " Vir- 
ginia Historical Magazine," Gookin was " of Cargoline, near 
Cork, Ireland," and came to Virginia with 50 men of his own 
and 30 passengers. By " Cargoline " was doubtless meant 
Carrigaline, which borders Cork harbor on the southwest. 

Roger Williams, arriving from England, in 1644, brought 
with him to Boston letters from members of the Briti^ par- 
liament, and others, to " leading men of the Bay." In these 
letters friendship is counselled, and mention is made of un- 
desirable " neighbors you are likely to find near unto you in 
Virginia, and the unfriendly visits from the west of England 
and from Ireland." It eventually happened that Williams 
himself became "undesirable" and "unfriendly" to the 
self-sufficient rulers of " the Bay," and had to leave Massa- 
chusetts and take up his abode in Rhode Island. Daniel 
McCarty, born in 1679 was speaker of the Virginia House of 
Burgesses in 171 5. He was buried at Montross, Westmore- 
land County, Va. Lucy Todd O'Brien wedded, in 1698, John 
Baylor of Gloucester County, Va. 

The year 1710, and thereabouts, witnessed the beginning 
of a large Irish immigration to Virginia. The new comers 
settled principally along the Blue Ridge, where are now the 
counties of Rockbridge and Patrick. Such places as Kinsale, 
Lynchburgh, and the like attest the presence, in large num- 
bers, of Irish people. From these sturdy pioneers came 
many people who attained prominence in Virginia. 

As an indication of the large Irish population in Virgfinia 
prior to the Revolution, it may be stated that long before 
the War for Independence Washington was colonel of a 
Virginia regiment in which appear the following names: 
Barrett, Bryan, Bums, Burke, Carroll, Coleman, Conner, 
Connerly, Conway, Coyle, Daily, Deveeny, Devoy, Dona- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 41 

hough, Ford, Gorman, Hennesy, Kennedy. Lowry, McBride, 
McCoy, McGrath, McGuire, McKan, McLoughlin, Martin, 
Moran, Murphy, Powers, etc. The regiment took part in 
the struggles against the French and Indians. 

Lar^e numbers of Irish are found at this period in the "^ 
other colonies. In 1756, for instance. New Hampshire 
raised * a regiment of 700 men for the " expedition against 

Crown Point." The regiment was commanded by Colj 

Meserve, of Portsmouth, and included in its ranks: Daniel 
Murphy, James Melony, Darby Sullivan, John McMahone, 
Daniel Kelley, James O'Neil, Jer. Connor, Daniel Carty, 
Benjamin Mooney, Michael Johnson, Darbey Kelley. John 
Meloney. James Kelly, John Welch, Thomas Carty, William 
Kelley, James McLaughlin, John McLaughlin, Thomas Mc- 
Laughlin and others bearing Irish names. 

The Lewis family of Virginia has been very distinguished. 
The progenitors came to Virginia in 1732. "Perhaps the 
most distinguished man of Irish birth who identified himself 
completely with Virginia," writes the Hon. Joseph T. Law- 
less, recently secretary of state of that commonwealth, "was 
Gen. Andrew Lewis, who was born in Ireland about 1720, 
and came to Virginia with his parents in 1732. John Lewis, 
the father, was the first white man who fixed his home in the 
mountains of West Augusta. Andrew Lewis served as a 
major in the regiment commanded by Washington in the 
Ohio campaign of 1754 and 1755. He served with valor in 
the French and Indian wars and was highly regarded by 
Washington, at whose suggestion he was appointed a briga- 
dier-general in the Continental army. Four of Andrew's 
brothers served in the Revolutionary war, one of them, CoL 
Charles Lewis, being killed at Point Pleasant. No better 
evidence of the value which Virginia placed on the services 
of this Irishman could be wished than the fact that she 
deemed his effigy worthy to stand for all time beside the 
immortal group of Henry, Mason, Marshall, Nelson, and 
, Adjutant- General's Report," 



42 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Jefferson, which surrounds the heroic equestrian statue of 
Washington in the Capitol Square at Richmond. Descend- 
ants of John Lewis, the father of Gen. Andrew Lewis, are 
numerous in the State at this day. Some of them have been 
very distinguished men. John F. Lewis, who died recently, 
was lieutenant-governor of Virginia and a senator of the 
United States. Lunsford L. Lewis, his half-brother, was 
president of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia, for 
twelve years, retiring from that office a few years ago." 



CHAPTER V. 

Ever-Increasing Irish Iinini^ation to the Colonies from the Year 1700 
Down — Rev. Cotton Mather Mentions a Projected " Colony of Iri'ih " — 
Extracts from the Records of Portsmouth, N, H., and Boston, Mass. — 
The Charitable Irish Society — Advent of George Berkeley. 

From the year 1700 down, immigration to the American 
colonies, from Ireland, shows an ever-increasing volume. " 
A steady flood of Irish immigrants poured into all the col- 
onies from Maine to Georgia and down into the West Indies. 
All parts of Ireland were represented among these new 
owners. Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and other places in__ 
that section also received large accessions. 

Rev. Cotton Mather, of Boston, delivered a sermon in 
1700, in honor of the arrival of Gov, Bellomont, In this 
sermon, which he calls a "Pillar of Gratitude," he says; 
" TTiere has been formidable Attempts of Satan and his Sons 
to Unsettle us: But what an overwhelming blast from 
Heaven has defeated all those attempts. * * * At 
length it was proposed that a Colony of Irish might be sent 
over to check the growth of this Countrey : An Happy Revo- 
lution spoil'd that plot: and many an one of more general 
consequence Than That; " It would be interesting to know 
to what movement for a " Colony of Irish " Mather refers, 
Irish settlers had been coming to Boston before he was born, 
and instead of cliecking the growth of the " Countrey " had 
greatly contributed to that growth. 

We find, in 1708, among the garrison at Fort William and 
Mary, N. H,, Timothy Blake, Jeremiah Libby, John Foy, 
Samuel Neal, John Neat, and John Mead, In 1710, among 
the soldiers serving under Capt, John Gilman, of New Hamp- 
shire, were Jeremiah Connor, Daniel Lary, and Thomas 



44 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Lary. Capt. John Giles' company, serving against the In- 
dians in Maine, in 1723-4, had in its ranks over fifteen natives 
of Ireland. That was doing very well for one company. 
The first of the Clogston family * came to New Hampshire 
some time after 1718. The family was of Irish origfin. Paul 
Clogston, a descendant of the immigrants, died of wounds 
received at the battle of Bunker Hill, 1775. 

An Irish youth, James Cochran, is mentioned in the Massa- 
chusetts records. He was once taken prisoner by the In- 
dians, but escaped and brought back a couple of scalps as 
proof of his experience. The Boston " News Letter," April 
29, 1725, says of him: " James Cochran, y* youth that came 
into Brunswick with two scalps, came to town on Monday 
last, and on Tuesday produced y* same scalps before y* Hon- 
orable Lieutenant Governor and Council, for which he re- 
ceived a reward of two hundred pounds. And for y* further 
encouragement of young men and others to perform bold 
and hardy actions in y* Indian war. His Honor y* Lieutenant 
Governor has been pleased to make him sargeant in y* 
forces." 

Among places in New Hampshire bearing Irish names may 
be mentioned Antrim, Dublin and Londonderry. The latter 
settlement was started early in 1719 by Irish Presbyterians. 
The settlement prospered and produced many people who 
attained prominence in'life. Barstow states that '* In process 
of time, the descendants of the Londonderry settlers spread 
over Windham, Chester, Litchfield, Manchester, Bedford, 
GoflFstown, New Boston, Antrim, Peterborough, and Ack- 
worth, in New Hampshire, and Barnet, in Vermont. They 
were also the first settlers of many towns in Massachusetts, 
Maine, and Nova Scotia. They are now, to the number of 
20,000, scattered over all the states of the Union." In 1723, 
Irish immigrants settled Belfast, Me. 

As early as 1720, the General Court of Massachusetts re- 

* A paper on this family appears in the " Register " of the New Eng- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society » January, 189S. It is from the pen of 
Watson H. Harwood, M.D., of Chasm Falls, N. Y. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 45 

solved that: "Whereas, it appears that certain families re- 
cently arrived from Ireland, and others from this province, 
have presumed to make a settlement, * * * that the 
said people be warned to move off within the space of seven 
months, and if they fail to do so, that they will be prosecuted 
by the attorney general, by writs of trespass and eject- 
ment." • These settlers had located in the neighborhood of 
Haverhill, Mass., but it does not appear that the writs men- 
tioned were ever served. 

While a large part of the Irish thus locating in New 
Hampshire and Massachusetts, at that period, were Protes- 
tanis. there were undoubtedly also many Catholics among 
them. That they did not erect churches and have Mass 
celebrated is not to be wondered at. The laws would not 
have permitted it, even had the Catholics been sufficiently 
numerous in any one locality. Public Catholic services in 
the New England colonies in those days were out of the 
question. George Conn emigrated from Ireland about 
1720 and, later, settled at Harvard, Mass. He had a son 
John bom at Harvard in 1740. This son located in Ash- 
bumham, Mass., about 1761, and was a lieutenant in a com- 
pany of Minute Men. He was with his command at Cam- 
bridge, Mass., 1775, and died in 1803. Richard Fitzgerald, 
" a veteran Latin schoolmaster," wedded Margaret Snowdon 
of Scituate, Mass., in 1729, Doubtless he was one of the 
many Irish teachers to be found throughout the colonies at 
that and subsequent periods. In the Granary Burial Ground, 
Boston, is a tombstone bearing the following inscription; 
" Here Lyes y* body of * * Sarah Mahoney, Dau'r of Mr, 
Cain Mahoney, of Marblehead [Mass.], aged 26 years. Died 
Nov. 29, 1734." 

In 1737, Irish residents of Boston got together and 
founded the Charitable Irish Society, which organization is 
still in existence. The founders were Protestants, and de- 
scribed themselves as " of the Irish Nation residing in Bos- 
" History o£ the Irish Settlers 



46 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

ton in New England. *****" They organized on St. 
Patrick's Day. It will be noted that they did not style them- 
selves " Scotch-Irish " nor did they select St. Andrew's day 
for their meeting. In founding their organization they were 
actuated by an " affectionate and Compassionate concern for 
their countrymen in these Parts, who may be reduced by Sick- 
ness, Shipwrack, Old age and other Infirmities and unforeseen 
Accidents." It was provided that the managers, or officers, of 
the society were " to be natives of Ireland, or Natives of any 
other Part of the British Dominions of Irish Extraction, bdng 
Protestants, and inhabitants of Boston." It is believed that 
this religious clause was early repealed or allowed to become a 
dead letter. To-day, the greater portion of the membership is 
composed of Catholics, but no religious lines are drawn. The 
society is the oldest existing Irish organization in this coun- 
try. 

Dean Berkeley, who was later Anglican bishop of Cloyne, 
came to Rhode Island, in 1729, and took up his residence 
near Newport. He was a native of the County Kilkenny, 
and was bom in 1684. He was made Dean of Derry in 1724, 
and became an advocate of the conversion of the American 
Indians to Christianity. He was the author of a pamphlet 
entitled : " A Proposal for Converting the Savage Americans 
to Christianity, by a Collie to be Erected in the Summer 
Islands, Otherwise Called the Isles of Bermuda." The Brit- 
ish parliament voted him £10,000, as an instalment, to be 
paid him when the projected college had become a fact. He 
resigned his deanery, and came to America, to await other 
promised aid from abroad. He resided over two years in 
Rhode Island, but the expected aid not materializing, he 
abandoned the project and returned to Ireland. Berkeley 
was a man of great talent, and upon coming to Rhode Island 
was quickly conceded the intellectual leadership of the col- 
ony. His farm near Newport comprised about 90 acres, 
and was called " Whitehall." Upon departing for Ireland, 
he bequeathed the " Whitehall " property to Yale College, 
to which institution he also gave "the finest collection of 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 47 

books that ever came at one time into America." Becoming 
Bishop of Cloyne, he was afterward translated to the see of 
Clogher. He died in 1753. He has been popularly styled 
" the Kilkenny scholar," a title he certainly merited. Berke- 
ley was the author of "Alciphron, or The Minute Philoso- 
pher," a " Theory of Vision," and other works. He paid a 
\-isit to Boston, Mass., in 1731. The visit is thus referred to 
in John Walker's diary: " Sept. 12, 1731 ; in y' morn Dean 
George Barkley preacht in y' Chapell from y* 1st Epistle to 
Timothy, y' 3'' Chap., Verse 16, and a fine Sermon, accordii^ 
to my opinion I never heard such an one. A very great audi- 
tory." By the " Chapell " was meant the King's chapel, still 
in use in Boston. 

The verses by Berkeley on the prospect of planting arts 
and learning in America are an imperishable and wonderful 
prophecy. They read as follows : 



The Muse, disgusted at an Age and Clime 
Barren of every glorious Theme, 

In distant lands now waits a better Time, 
Producing Subjects worthy Fame ; 



In happy Qimes, where from the genial Sun 
And virgin Earth such Scenes ensue. 

The Force of Art by Nature seems outdone, 
And fancied Beauties by the true ; 



In happy Climes the Seat of Innocence, 
Where Nature guides and Virtue rules, 

Where Men shall not impose for Truth and Sense, 
The Pedantry of Courts and Schools. 



There shall be sung another golden Age, 
The rise of Empire and of Arts, 

The Good and Great inspiring epic Rage, 
The wisest Heads and noblest Hearts. 



48 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Not such as Europe breeds in her decay ; 

Such as she bred when fresh and young, 
When heav'nly Flame did animate her Clay, 

By future Poets shall be sung. 

Westward the Course of Empire takes its Way ; 

The four first Acts already past, 
A fifth shall close the Drama with the Day; 

Time's noblest Offspring is the last. 



SOME PORTSMOUTH, N. H., MARRIAGES. 

Among the marriages recorded * in Portsmouth, N. H., 
between 171 6 and 1741-2, are the following: 

John Parkes of Dublin in Ireland and Susanna Preston w' 
marry** 14 Oct. 171 6. 

James Berry of Dublin in Ireland and Mehittable Leach w* 
marry** 18 Oct. 1716. 

James Wales of Dublin in Ireland in Great Brittain and 
Mary Sanders of Potsm® w' marry** y* 16 Jan^^ 171 7-18. 

John Abbott Sen' of Ports" : and Mary Hepworth formerly 
of Ireland now of Ports" w' marry** 30 July 1718. 

Jn** Kincade of Waterford in Ireland in Great Brittain* and 
Martha Churchill of Portsm** w' marry** 13 No: 1718. 

Sam* Hewey of Coldrain [Coleraine] in y* county of Deny 
in Ireland in Great Brittaine and Elizabeth Denett wid** of 
Portsm** w*^ marry** 23 Dec. 1718. 

David Horney of Galloway [Galway] in Ireland and Eliz* 
Broughton of Portsm** w"^ marry** No"^: 1720. 

Thomas Welch of Dunjarvin [Dungarvan] in y* county of 
Waterford in Ireland and Olive Cam of Kittery in y* Prov* 
of Maine w*" marry** [no date given, but sometime between 
1706 and 1742.] 

* These and other marriages were recorded by Hon. Joshua Pcircc, who 
was, at different times town clerk and provincial recorder of deeds. He 
died in 1743. The erroneous idea that the New Hampshire Irish of that 
period were all from the North of Ireland is here again exploded, as this 
list refers, in addition to counties in Ulster, to Dublin, King's, Waterford, 
Limerick, Cork, Tipperary, and Galway. 



IRISH-AUERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 49 

Jn"* Henderson of Coldraine [Coleraine] in y* county of 
Derryc in Ireland and Sarah Keel of Portsm" were marry'' 
I Jan» 1721-2. 

Josh. Bruster of Portsm" and Margaret Tomson sometime 
of Colerain in Ireland w' marry'' 12th Sep' 1722. 

Jn- Larye of Ireland in y' county of Cork and Hanah Tout 
of Portsm" w' marry'^ 16 June 1723. 

Jam* ffaden of Coldkain in y* county of Antrim in Ireland 
and Hannah Shute of Portsm" w' marry** 8 Ap: 1726. 

Jam' Kenny of Cadteen in y* county of Terrone [Tyrone] 
in Ireland in Great Brittain and Lydia Linsby wid" of 
Portsm" w' marry*" 17 Nov. 1726. 

John Cochran of y' Parish of Dunbo in Londonderry in y* 
Kingdom of Ireland and Issabella Smith of y* same place w' 
marry^ 20th of feb' 1730-1. 

David Morrison of Waterford in Ireland and Susan Mac- 
phedenof Portsm" were marry*" 23 March 1 730-1, 

Water [Walter?] Melony of Waterford in Ireland and 
Hannah Roe of Portsm" w' marrj'' 2d Jan*" 1731-2. 

David McMullon of Armagh in y' county of Armagh in 
Ireland and Ellebseth Witing of Marblehead in N-Engl'' w' 
marry" y' 12"' of Apr' 1731. 

Edmund Mcbride of Danfenihana in y* county of Delegalle 
[Donegal] in Ireland and Sarah Dentt widow of Portsm" w' 
marry"* 28"' Ocf 1731. 

David Beverland of Colerain in y* county of Londonderry 
and Alice Rickett of Bellemenah in y* county of Antrim in 
Ireland were marry*" y* 5"* of April 1 y^^. 

Stephen Wisdom of Limbrick [Limerick] in y' kingdom of 
Ireland and Sarah Thomson near Coldrain of y* same king- 
dom w' marry^ Sept 17th 1733. 

Robert Drought of Kings county in Ireland and EHz* 
Hinds of Portsm" w' marry*" 8th Oct' 1733. 

Edw^ Gale of Waterford in Ireland and Mary Arrixson of 
Portsm" w'' marry^ y* g"" of Dec' 1733. 

George Gilbertson of Colrain in Ireland and Dorothy Hill 
of Portsm" w' marry* y* 14"' of March 1 733-4. 



so IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

John Calwel bom in Clough in y* county of Antrim in y^ 
kingdom of Ireland and Isabel Wasson of y* same County w' 
marry*^ 20*^ of March 1734-5. 

Isaac Miller Born at Binderas in y* Parish of Dunbo in the 
county of Derby [Deny] in Ireland and Jane Ross of y* 
same kingdom w*" marry** y* 10^ of April 1734. 

George Taylor of Saint Mary's Parish in Limerick in y* 
Kingdom of Ireland and Sarah Phicket of Portsm® w' marry* 
23** of June 1736. 

Samuel Miller bom in y* county of Derry in Ireland and 
Margaret Calwell w*" marry** y* 25th of Nov' ^7 36. 

James Wason of y* Parish of Bellemanus in y* county of 
Antrim in Ireland and Hannah Calwell of y* same place w' 
marry** y* 30^ of Nov*^ 1 736. 

Will" Fling of y« Parish of Killrich in the County of Water- 
ford and Jean Cook of y* county of Tipperary both in Ire- 
land w*^ marry** y* i8th of Dec"" 1737. 

Adam Templeton of y* County of Antrim and Parish of 
Bellavville and Margaret Lendsey in y* county of Derry both 
in y* kingdom of Ireland was marry** 12* of April 1739. 

Robert Beard of Nottingham Bom in Colerain in y* king- 
dom of Ireland and Grissoll Beverland of the same kingdom 
w"^ marry** 27th of Nov' I739- 

Mathew Nealy of Nottingham Born at Bellycarry in y* 
county of Derry in y* kingdom of Ireland and Margaret 
Beverland of y* same kingdom w' marry** y* 27*^ of Nov' 

1739- 

Daniel Kelly and Joan Rijan [Ryan?] both of Limerick in 

y* kingdom of Ireland w' marry** Jan^ 15 1 740-1. 

Daniel McCleres Born at Aflfeody in county of Derry in 
Ireland and Elizabeth Tomson Born at Bellewoolin in y* 
county of Antrim in y* same Kingdom w*" marry** 8th of Ap* 
1740. 

Mark Cook born at York in Virginia and Sarah Maddin 
bom in Limerick in y* kingdom of Ireland w' marry* Detf 
22d 1740. 

Alex' Callwel of y* county of Antrim in y* Parish of Clough 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORJCAL MISCELLANY ^Z 

in Ireland and Margret Macgregore of Londonderry in 
N-Hamp'' w^marry^ Nov 4"' 1741. 

Isaac Miller and Mary Tomson of county of Derry In the 
parish of Dunbo in y' kingdom of Ireland now of Portsm" v' 
marry** March g"* 1741-2. 



fclXTRACTS FROM THE BOSTON, MASS., RECORDS. 

The following extracts relating to the coming of Irish 
people are taken from the records of the selectmen of the 
town of Boston ; 

Jan. 15. 1715: " Jar\'ice Bethell, sho maker Late of Ire- 
land who w''' his wife came by way of New found Land into 
this Town [Boston] in August Last is admitted an Inhabit' 
on condition, he finde suretyes to y* Satisfaction of y* Sel. 
men to y' value of loo ["*], Since its consented y' Mr. Shan- 
nons bond Shall SufSce." 

May 4. 1723: Whereas great numbers of Persons haue 
[have] very lately bin Transported from Ireland into this 
Province, many of which by Reason of the Present Indian 
war and the Accedents befalling them, Are now Resident in 
this Town whose Circomstances and Condition are not 
known, Some of which if due care be not taken may become 
a Town Charge or be otherwise prejuditial to the wellfair 
& Prosperity of the Place, for Remady whereof Ordered 
That Every Person now Resident here, that hath within the 
Space of three years last past bin brought from Ireland, or 
for the future Shal come from thence hither, Shal come and 
enter his name and Occupation with the Town Clerk, and if 
marryed the number and Age of his Children and Servants, 
within the Space of fiue [five] dayes on pain of forfeiting and 
paying the Sum of twenty Shillings for Each offence*** "etc. 

June ID, 1727: " George Steward from Ireland admitted 
an Inhabitant upon his giving Security to Indemnifie the 
Town." 

Sept. 9, 1730 : "William fryland & francis Clinton Joy- 
ners from Ireland are admitted to Reside and Inhabit within 



$2 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

this Town and have Liberty to Exercise their Callings 
etc. 

Aug. 4, 1736: " Dennis Sullivant being present Informs, 
That he with his Wife are lately come into this Town from 
South Carolina by land; That he has been in Town about 
Five Weeks; That he first Lodg'd at the White Horse Two 
nights, and a Fortnight at Mrs. Snowdens and now lodges 
in Long lane, That he designs to return to England or Ire- 
land, as soon as he can Conveniently Obtain a Passage for 
himself and his said Wife." 

Aug. 9, 1736: "By a List from the Impost office. It ap- 
pearing that Nineteen Transports were just Imported from 
Cork in Ireland, in the Brig*^ Bootle, Robert Boyd Comman- 
der, accordingly the said Master was sent for, Who appeared 
And the Select men Ordered him to take effectual Care to 
prevent any of the said Transports from coming on Shoar 
from said Vessell, the said Master Promised Accordingly 
that they should not come on Shoar, That he was obliged by 
his orders to Carry them to Virginia, Whither he was bound, 
and that in the meantime he would keep a Strict Watch on 
board his said Vessell to prevent their escape." 

Aug. 16, 1736: " mr. James Wimble Informs That Qipt. 
Benedict Arnold who just arrived from Cork with Passen- 
gers, came to his House yesterday, being Lord's day in the 
afternoon, bringing with him the following Persons, Viz^ 
Mr. Benj'. Ellard, Gent, and his Wife and Three Children, 
and a Maid Servant, Joseph Atkins, John Qark, John Seley, 
Thomas Morgan, James Ellard, John Ellard, Benjamin Gil- 
lam, Elizabeth Ellard and William Neal. 

Accordingly the Master Capt. Arnold was sent for Who 
appeared and gave Information, That he came from [left] Ire- 
land about Twelve Weeks ago, and that he is Bound to Phila- 
delphia with his Passengers, Who in all, are one Hundred and 
Twenty, Hopes to Sail in a few days as soon as he can Re- 
cruit with Water and Provisions, and Promises That the 
Passengers which came ashore Yesterdy shall repair aboard 
again to day. The Ships name is the Prudent Hannah." 



J 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLASV S3 

Sept. I, 1736: "John White Cordwainer Informs that 
he has taken One John Wallace into his Family as a Journey 
man. Who was lately Imported by Capt. Beard from Ire- 
land." 

Sept. 27, 1736: " Mr. John Savell promises to give bond 
for a Servant, Imported from Ireland in Capt. Arnold, If re- 
quired. Mr. James Wimble Informs that George Lucas, and 
his Wife and Child, have Lodged at his House Nineteen 
Days, They came from Ireland with Capt. Carrall." 

Sept. 29, 1736: " Joshua Winslow Esq^ Engaged to In- 
demnify the Town, from any Charge that may Arise or hap- 
pen by means of William Steward, his Wife and Two Chil- 
dren, inhabiting in the Town, Who were lately Imported 
from Ireland by Capt. Boyd." 

\ov. 10. 1736: " Capt. George Beard being present Ac- 
cording to Order, Informed the Select Men, That M'. Samuel 
Waldo, who was now gone to the Eastward, had promised 
him that upon his return home, he would join with him in 
giving Security to Indemnify the Town from Charge by rea- 
son of Passengers Imported from Ireland lately by him the 
said Beard. Accordingly Capt. Beard was directed to Attend 
at the Town Clerks Office on Fryday next, in Order to Exe- 
cute a Bond for that end, on his part." 

Nov. 24, 1736: "Capt. James Williams together with 
Gershom Keyes and Josiah Flagg gave Bond of the Penalty 
of Eleven Hundred Pounds to Indemnify the Town from 
any Charge on Account of Forty three Passengers by the 
said Williams Imported from Ireland in the Sloop Two 
Molly's." 

June 24, 1737: "Whereas by a List of Passengers from 
the Impost office. It appears that Bryan Karrick {a Trans- 
port) and Catharine Driscoll (Spinster) were Imported in 
the Ship Catharine Robert Waters Master from Ireland. 
The said Capt Waters appear'd together with m"" Thomas 
Gunter Merchant, When m' Gunther Promised the Select 
Men that he would Sufficiently Secure and Indemnify the 
Town From all Charge by reason of the said Karrick and 



54 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Driscoll, but as to giving Bond, he pray'd to be Excused for 
a few Days." 

Sept. 7, 1737: "Doctor Nazro Informs that William 
Berry from Ireland, A Printer of Paper &c. lives in his 
House, and that he is an Able Bodied Man, and Single." 

Sept. 7, 1737: " Capt. Daniel Gibbs Conmiander of the 

Ship Sagamore, (with m^ Ramsey who Charter'd the 

said Ship) from Ireland, being present were Examined and 
Inform. That during the Voyage, Several of the Passengers 
were sick with the Measles.*** but that they were all healthy 
at present, and had been so for a Month past. Upon which, it 
was tho't proper to advise with some of the Physicians of the 
Town." These recommended that the ship's Company and 
Passengers be not permitted to come into town for some 
time. They were accordingly sent to Spectacle Island in the 
harbor. 

Sept. 15, 1737: "Mr. Samuel Todd appearing. Offers 
to give Bond for Passengers from Ireland, in the Brigantine 
Elizabeth, William Mills Conmiander, and proposes Robert 
Auchmuty Esq"", •m'". Gershom Keyes and m', William Hall 
for his Sureties** " The matter was arranged. 

Sept. 28, 1737: "Mr. Joseph St. Lawrence from Ireland 
Merchant, having imported upwards of Fifty Pounds Ster- 
ling, Prays he may be Allow'd to Carry on his Business in 
this Town." 

Nov. 8, 1737: "Hugh Ramsey, John Weire, and Wil- 
liam Moore, Executed a Bond of the Penalty of one Thou- 
sand Pounds to Indemnify the Town from Charge on ace**, 
of Three Hundred and Eighty One Passengers Imported by 
Capt. Daniel Gibbs in the Ship Sagamore from Ireland, Sept. 

IS, 1737." 

Nov. 8, 1737: " Capt. Daniel Gibbs and Samuel Waldo 
Executed another Bond of the Penalty of Two Hundred 
Pounds to Indemnify the Town on acco*. of Twenty Seven 
Passengers Imported by the said Gibbs from Ireland in the 
said Ship Sagamore." 

Nov. 8, 1737: "Capt. James Finney Mess". John Karr 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 55 

and William Hall Executed a Bond of the Penalty of Six 
Hundred Pounds to Indemnify the Town on Acco'- of One 
Hundred and Sixty two Passengers Imported by the said 
Finney in the Snow Charming Molly from Ireland, Nov. 7, 

Dec. 13, 1738: " Capt. Nathanael Montgomery and m'. 
Nath', Bethune Executed a Bond, of the Penalty of Five 
Hundred Pounds, to the Town Treasurer, Conditioned to 
Indemnify the Town from Charge on Acco*. of Eig'hty two 
Passengers imported in the Ship Eagle, William Acton Mas- 
ter from Ireland." 

May 29, 1739: " Capt. Ephraim Jackson Commander of 
the Ship Barwick, together with m'. Samuel Dowse gave 
Bond to the Town Treasurer, in the Sum of Two Hundred 
and Fifty Pounds to Indemnify the Town of Boston from 
all Charges which may arise on acco"'. of Forty Six Pas- 
sengers, Imported in the Ship Barwick from Ireland." 

June 24, 1741 : " Robert Henry Appearing Informs that 
about Six Months ago, he came into this Town *** from 
Ireland, and desires to be Admitted an Inhabitant & have 
Liberty to Open a Shop and Exercise the Calling of a Black- 
smith & Farrier in this Town and proposes mess" Green and 
Walker for his Bondsmen." Favorable action was taken. 

Sept. 19, 1744: "At the Desire of His Excellency the 
Govemour The Select men Sent up to the Almshouse Six- 
teen Girls & Three Boys & a Woman arrived here yesterday 
from Cape Breton who were taken About Six Weeks since 
by a French Privateer [they] being bound from Ireland to 
Philadelphia***." 

Nov. 20, 1764: " M' Joseph Henshaw acquaints the 
Selectmen that he has received into one of his Houses as 
Tenants, Richard Scollay and William Fennecy, the former 
came last from Kennebeck, and the latter from Roxbury, 
both Irishmen." 



CHAPTER VI. 

\ 

Lady Katherine Combury Arrives in New York — Her Illness and 
Death — ^Irish Presbyterians and Methodists in New York — Some New 
York Irish Names, 1691 to 1761 — ^James Murra/s RemaripAle Letter. 

An interesting character in New York was Lady Kath- 
erine Combury. She was the wife of Edward Hyde, Vis- 
count Combury, who, in 1701, was appointed governor of 
the province and held the position, 1702-8. Lady Com- 
bury, according to James Grant Wilson's " Memorial His- 
tory of the City of New York," was " the daughter of Lord 
O'Brian, son of the Earl of Richmond, of Ireland, and of 
Lady Katherine Stuart, sister of the Duke of Richmond and 
Lenox. She was married to Lord Combury July 10, 1688, 
and on the death of her mother became Baroness Clifton of 
Warwickshire, England. She accompanied her husband to 
America, suffering from what seems to have been pulmonary 
complaint, and was never well from the time of her landing 
until her death. She appears to have been an amiable 
woman, and to have exercised a restraining influence over 
her dissolute husband. On one of his visits to Albany to 
attend an Indian Council one of the River Indians presented 
her with a magnificent otter-skin for a muff, as a testimony 
from his tribe to her personal character ; and she seems also 
to have inspired her dependents with affection. As her end 
drew near, her husband, who loved her devotedly, * watched 
by her bedside night and day, and reprimanded nurses and 
servants for the most trifling negligence.' Rev. John Sharp, 
the chaplain of the fort, preached her funeral sermon, and 
her obsequies took place in Trinity church. New York city." 

Thousands of Irish Presbyterians came to America at dif- 
ferent periods to escape govemment oppression in Ireland. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY $^ 

Successive British administrations in the Old Land had 
treated the Irisli Presbyterians with great rigor, as they 
had the Iristi Catholics, though not, of course, so aggres- 
sively or persistently. 

Rev. Francis Makemie, an Irish Presbyterian clergyman, 
came to America from the County Donegal about 1680 and 
settled in Virginia. He has been spoken of as the " father 
of the Presbyterian church in America." He eventually 
visited New York city, and was the first regularly settled 
Presbyterian minister here. Combury, then governor of the 
province, had him arrested, together with his friend, Rev. 
John Hampton, for preaching Presbyterian sermons here 
during a visit. Makemie and Hampton were roughly 
treated, and when taken before Cornbury the latter informed 
them that " the law would not permit htm to countenance 
strolling preachers, who, for aught he knew to the contrary, 
might be Papists in disguise." 

Rev. John Murray, an Irishman, received a call to the 
Wall Street Presbyterian church, New York city, in 1764. 
He was a native of Antrim, Ireland, bom in 1742. He came 
to this country when about 21 years of age, and was ordained 
and settled over the Second Presbyterian church in Phila- 
delphia. He declined the call to New York, and became 
pastor of a church at Boothbay, Me. He espoused the patriot 
cause in the Revolution and was a delegate to the Provincial 
Congress at Watertown, Mass. 

John Agnew, an Irishman, was a ruling elder of the Re- 
formed Presbyterian church in New York city. He has been 
described as " a good and remarkable man." He was a na- 
tive of Belfast and " disliked English rule in Ireland." On 
Mie occasion, in the Old Land, his windows had been broken 
by a loyalist mob because he would not illuminate them in 
honor of some British victory over the Americans. He 
came to New York in 1783. 

Another Irishman, James Nelson, was also a Presbyterian 
elder in New York city, and was highly respected. His son, 
Joseph Nelson, LL.D., was for many years a leading classical 



S8 IRISH- AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

teacher in New York, and subsequently accepted a professor- 
ship of languages in Rutgers College, N. J. The Rev. Mr. 
McKenney, a Presbyterian, came from Ireland in 1793 and 
officiated in New York. A settlement of Irish Presbyterians 
was established in Orange County, N. Y., as early as 1734, 
under the auspices of one of the Clintons. 

Many of the pioneers of Methodism, as well as of Presby- 
terianism, in this country were Irishmen. Philip Embury, 
" Irish by birth, but German by blood," came to New York 
city, from Ireland, about 1765. He is generally considered 
the founder of the Methodist Episcopal church in America. 
Upon reaching New York he took steps which resulted in 
the founding of the John Street church, which is sometimes 
referred to as " the cradle of American Methodism." Em- 
bury's wife was Margaret Switzer, an Irish Palatine. He 
began preaching in New York city in 1766, and died at Cam- 
den, Washington County, N. Y., in 1775. 

Robert Strawbridge was another early Irish Methodist in 
America. He was a native of Carrick-on-Shannon, County 
Leitrim, Ireland, and came to this country, settling in Mary- 
land. It is said of him that " he preached the first sermon, 
formed the first society, and built the first preaching house 
for Methodists in Maryland." He passed away in 1781. 

Charles White, an Irish Methodist, came from Dublin 
toward the dose of 1766. He was one of the first trustees 
of the church in New York city, and was its treasurer during 
the Revolution. 

Richard Sause came from Ireland with his co-religionist, 
Charles White, just mentioned. Sause is on record as having 
subscribed £10 for the erection of a Methodist house of wor- 
ship in New York. His name occurs in 1770 and in other 
years. 

Disosway's " Earliest Churches of New York City and 
Vicinity " states that " During the year 1765, another vessel 
reached New York from Ireland, with Paul Ruckle and 
family, Luke Rose, Jacob Heck, Peter Barkman, and Henry 
Williams, with their families. These were all Irish Palatines, 
but only a few of them Wesleyans." 



w 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY S9 



John M'Claskey, born in 1756, became a Methodist 
preacher in New York city. He arrived in this country when 
but sixteen years of age. He espoused the patriot cause dur- 
ing the Revolution, was taken prisoner and confined in the 
old Sugar House. New York. His wife died in New Jersey 
during his imprisonment. He became a Methodist in 1782 
and attained prominence in that denomination in New York 
and elsewhere. He became a presiding elder, and died, in 
1814, at Chestertown, Md. 

John Hagerty, a Methodist minister, succeeded John 
Dickins, in New York city, early in 1785, remaining about a 
year. Hagerty was a native of Maryland, and was born in 
1747. In 1794 he located in Baltimore, Md. 

Paul Hick was brought over from Ireland by his parents 
in early youth and " was identified with American Method- 
ism from the beginning." He early resided in New York 
city. In 1774 he married Hannah Dean. He died in 1825, 
aged y^ years. At the time of his death he was, with the ex- 
ception of his wife, the oldest member of the Methodist 
church in New York, 

An early Irish Protestant clergyman in New York city was 
Rev. Charles Inglis, wlio came to America, in 1759, as a mis- 
sionary. In 1765 he became assistant minister at Trinity 
Church, New York. He was strongly opposed to the pa- 
triotic sentiments of the colonists, and a pamphlet written by 
him was burned by the Sons of Liberty. He was rector of 
Trinity for a period during the British occupancy of New 
York. 



Among early residents of New York city are found such 
names as Lawrence Reade, 1691; Peter Matthews, 1695; 
John Morris, 1695; William Morris, 1698, and a number of 
others whose bearers may have been Irish. Then, a little 
later, we find Patrick Crawford, 1702-3; Anthony Lynch, 
1708; Thomas Kearney, 17 10; James Maxwell, 1711-12; 
John Kelly, 1716-17, and so on. 

Among the " freemen " of New York city, 1740 to 1748, 



6o 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



were the following: In 1740, Bartholomew Ryan; 1741, John 
Ryan, John Lamb ; 1 743, Patrick Phagan, John McGie, John 
Christie, John Branigan, John Connelly, Andrew Cannon, 
William Blake; 1744, Andrew Carroll, Anthony Glin; 1745, 
Benjamin Daly, John Carr, Bryan Nevin; 1746, Donald Mc- 
Coy, Hugh Rogers; 1747, Timothy Sloan, Hugii Mulligan, 
James Welch, Hugh Gill, John McEvers, Jr., Alexander Mc- 
Coy; 1748, Philip Hogan, Matthew Morris. In 1749 there 
was a physician resident in New York city named Alexander 
Connolly. 

The poll list for New York city, February, 1 761— election 
for the Assembly — included : 



Michael Butler, 
George Bums, 
William Butler, 
John Campbell, 
Philip Cochran, 
James Carrel, 
Patrick Cromwel, 
John Cannon, 
Peter Doran, 
Duncan Dufee, 
John Ennis, 
Richard Flanigan, 
John Foy, 
Patrick Gibbens, 
Michael Gates, 
Magnus Garret, 
John Gill, 
Hugh Gaine, 
Patrick Hynes, 
Dennis Hicks, 
James Harvey, 
Francis Johnson, 
John Kelly, 
William Kerr, 
William Kelly, 
William Kennedy, 
James Kennedy, 
John Leary, 
Henry Lane, 



Stephen Lane, 
John Lamb, 
Anthony Lamb, 
Patrick McDonnd, 
Francis McNamee, 
Samuel McGee, 
Alexander Murphy, 
Hugh Mulligan, 
Richard McGuyre, 
John McEwen, 
John McDaniel, 
Finjey McCarty, 
William Moore, 
Robert Murry, 
Michael Murphy, 
Daniel McGown, 
James McCartney, 
Matthew Morris, 
Michael Moore, 
Hugh McFall, 
Arthur McNeal, 
Edward Muckelroy, 
James McNemar, 
Robert McGinnis, 
Cornelis Mahony, 
Francis Manny, 
James McEvers, 
Charles McEvers, 
John McCartney, 






IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLASY 

John Nagle, Dennis Sulivan, 

James Niven, Daniel Sulivan, 

Christopher Quinn, Bamy Savage, 

Matthew Rice, Tames Stewart, 

John Reid, John Welch. 

James Ried, Francis Welch, 

Richard Ried, George Welch, 

Cornelius Ryan, Silvester Morris, 



A LJITTER WRITTEN IN I737. 

James Murray, a resident of New York city in 1737, 
penned a letter," in November of that year, to his friend, 
Rev. Baptist Boyd of the County Tyrone, Ireland. Murray 
bailed from that place, and his letter shows that he spoke 
with a delightful accent of the Ulster Irish. The letter is ad- 
dressed as follows : 

" For the Kingdom of Ereland. in the North of Ereland, 
near to Aughnacloy, in the County of Tyrone, To Baptist 
Boyd, the Reverend Minister of the Gospel, in the Parish of 
Aughelow. Let aw Persons that see this, tak Care to send it 
to the Reverend Baptist Boyd, Minister of Gospel, in the 
Parish of Aughelow in the County of Tyrone, living near 
Aughnacloy, With Care." The letter follows: 

New York City, November 7, 1737. 
Reverend Baptist Boyd. 

Read this Letter, and look, and tell aw [all] the poor 
Folk of your Place, that God has open'd a Door for their 
Deliverance; for here is ne [no] Scant of Breed [bread] 
here, and if your Sons Samuel and James Boyd wad but come 
here, they wad het [get] more Money in ane [one] Year 
for teechin a Lctin Skulle, nor ye yer sell wat get for Three 
Years Preechin whar ye are. Reverend Baptist Boyd, there 
ged ane wee me [there came one with me] in the Ship, that 
now gets ane Hundred Punds for ane year for teechin a 
Letin Skulle, and God kens, little he is skilled in Learning, 
and yet they think him a high learned Man. Ye ken I had 
but sma Learning when I left ye, and now wad ye think it, 
I hea [have] 20 Fund a Year for being a Clark to York 
* From Bradford's New York " Gazette," No, 627. 



J 



62 IRISH- AM ERIC AN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Meeting-House, and I keep a Skulle for wee Weans: The 
young Poke in Ereland are aw but a Pack of Couards, for I 
will tell ye in short, this is a bonny Country, and aw Things 
grows here that ever I did see grow in Ereland ; and wee hea 
Cows and Sheep and Horses plenty here, and Goats, and 
Deers, and Raccoons, and Moles, and Severs, and Pish, and 
Pouls of aw Sorts : Trades are ow gud here, a Wabster gets 
1 2 Pence a Yeard, a Labourer gets 4 Shillings and 5 Pence 
a Day, a Lass gets 4 Shillings and 6 Pence a Week for spin- 
ning on the Wee Wheel, a Carpenter gets 6 Shillings a Day, 
and a Tailor gets 20 Shillings for making a Suit of Cleaths, 
a Wheel-wright gets 16 Shillings for making Lint Wheels a 
Piece. Indian Com, a Man wull get a Bushell of it for his 
Day's Work here; Rye grows here, and Oats and Wheet, 
and Winter Barley, and Summer Barley; Buck Wheet grows 
here, na every Thing grows here. ♦ * * * Now I beg 
of ye aw to come out here, and bring out wee ye aw the 
Cleaths ye can of every Sort, beth [both] o' Linnen and 
Woollen, and Guns, and Pooder, and Shot, and aw Sorts of 
Weers that is made of Iron and Steel, and Tradesmen that 
comes here let them bring their Tools wee them, and 
Farmers their Plough Erons; a Mason gets 6 Shillings a 
Day; fetch Whapsavvs here, and Hatchets, and Augurs, and 
Axes, and Spades, and Shovels, and Bibles, and Hapimers, 
and Fsalm Bukes, and Pots, and Seafaring Books, and setch 
aw Sorts of Garden Seeds, Parsneps, Onions, and Carrots; 
and Potatoes grows here very big, red and white beth, fetch 
aw the Bukes here you can get, fetch a Spade wee a Hoe, 
made like a stubbing Ax, for ye may clear as muckle Grund 
for to plant Indian Corn, in ane Month, as will maintain Ten 
Folk for a Year. Dear Reverend Baptist Boyd, I hea been 
120 Miles in the Wolderness, and there I saw a Plain of 
Grund 120 Miles lang, and 15 Bred, and there never gree 
[grew] nor Tree upon it, and I hea see as gud Meedow upon 
it, as ever I see in Ereland. There is a great wheen of 
Native Folks of this Country turned Christians, and will sing 
the Psalms bonely, and appear to be Religiouss that gee 
Ministers plenty of S'kins for his Steepend, and he gets Siller 
plenty for the S'kins again; Deer Skins and Bear Skins: Ye 
may get Lan [land] here, for 10 Pund a Hundred Acres for 
ever, and Ten Years Time tell ye get the Money, before they 
wull ask ye for it; and it is within 40 Miles of this York upon 
a River Side, that this Lan lies, so that ye may carry aw the 
Guds in Boat to this York to sell, if ony of you comes here 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 63 

it is a very strong Lan, rich Ground plenty of aw Sorts of 
Fruits growing in it, and Swin plenty enough : There ary 
Cay. and Stirks, and Horses that are aw wild in the Wolder- 
ness, that aw yer can [own] when ye can grip them; desire 
my Fether and Mether too, and my Three Sisters to come 
here, and ye may acquaint them, there are Lads enough 
here, and bid my Brether come, and I will pay their Passage; 
Desire James Gibson to sell aw he has and come, and I weel 
help him too; for here aw that a Man works for [is] his ane, 
there are ne revenus Hunds to rive it free [from] us here, 
ne sick [such] word as Hebringers is kend here, but every 
yen [one] enjoys his ane [own], there is ne yen to tak awa 
yer Corn, yer Potatoes, yer Lint or Eggs; na, na, blessed be 
His name, ne yen gees Bans for his ane here. 

I bless the Lord for my safe Journey here, I was Cook 
till [to] the Ships aw the Voyage, we war Ten Weeks and 
Four Days on the Sea before we laned; this York is as big 
as twa of Armagh; I desire to be remembered to aw my 
Friends acqvaintance, my Love to your sel Reverend Baptist 
Boyd, and aw yer Family; I do desire you to lent this letter to 
James Broon, of Drumem, and he kens my Brother James 
Gibson, and he weel gee him this Letter: It shall be my 
earnest Request yence mere, to beg of ye aw to come here. 
I did value the See ne mere than dry Lan; Ler [let] aw that 
comes here put in gud Store of Oten Meel. and Butter, and 
Brandy, and Cheese, and Viniger, but above aw have a 
Writing under the Han of the Capden of the Ship ye come 
in; If I war now in Ereland, I wad ne slay there, yet I think 
to gang there as Factor for a Gentleman of this City of 
York, he my Relation by my Fether, he is Returney of the 
Law here. There is Servants comes here out of Ereland, and 
have serv'd their Time here, wha are now Justices of the 
Piece; I wull come to Ereland gin the Lord spare me about 
Twa years after this, and I wull bring Rum, and Staves for 
Barals, and Firkins, and Tanners Bark for to sell, and Money 
other Things for this Gentleman, and mysel, for I wull gang 
Super Cargo of the Ship, so that if nene [any] of ye come I 
will bring ye aw wee my sel, by the Help of the Lord. 

Now I have geen you a true Description of this York, luke 
the 8th Chapter of Deuteronomy, and what it saith of the Lan 
there, this is far better: Now this is the last of 6 Sheets I 
hca writt to you on this Heed. I hope that you Fether wull 
be stoot and come, and aw that I have named, fear ne the 
See. trust in God, and he wull bring ye safe to shore, gin to 



64 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

plees him, now the Lord make ye se to do. Ne mere fre me, 
but my Duty till my Fether and Mether, and my Sisters and 
Brether, and yence [once] mere my kind Love till yer self, 
Reverend Mr. Baptist Boyd; if any yen [one] sends me a 
Letter, direct till Mr. John Pemberton, Minister of the Gospel 
in NeuhYorkj send it wee ony [with any] Body comin till ony 
of these Parts, and let it be given to the Post-Hoose in Amer- 
ica, and I will yet it fre John Pemberton, and now my Love 
till ye aw. 

James Murray. 



Peter Warren, an Irishman, was bom in 1 702, and was of 
Warrenstown, in the County Meath. The name Warren 
has long been a prominent one in Ireland. Bearers of the 
name have figured prominently, both in the Catholic and 
Protestant interest, and are found in the ranks of the Stu- 
arts as well as against the latter. Peter Warren, the subject 
of this sketch, entered the British navy in 1727, and in 1745 
commanded the expedition against Louisburg. He was 
then a commodore, and later became a rear-admiral. In 
1747, he gave battle to the French, off Cape Finisterre, and 
inflicted a severe defeat upon them. He acquired a large 
tract of land in the Mohawk Valley, N. Y., and also owned 
some 260 acres in New York city, where he, at one time, re- 
sided. The latter property was bounded on the north by 
Gansevoort st. ; on the south by Christopher st., and on 
the east by the old Greenwich road. He married Susanna 
De Lancey, daughter of Stephen De Lancey, and grand- 
daughter of Stephanus Van Cortlandt. The latter is some- 
times referred to as " the first lord of the Van Cortlandt 
manor." In 1749, Trinity Church people laid the cornerstone 
of St. George's chapel, corner of Cliff and Beekman streets, 
and Warren contributed £100 towards building the edifice. 
In recognition of this handsome gift, he was given a pew, but 
is said never to have occupied it. He was an uncle of that 
other prominent Irishman, Sir William Johnson. 

Speaking of the origin of certain street names in New 
York city, Ulmann's " Landmark History of New York " 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 6$ 

says: " Greenwich street was the road that led to Green- 
wich, a name bestowed by [Sir Peter] Warren to a mansion 
he built in the section which afterward took the name of the 
admiral's house. * * * Warren street was named after 
him by the Trinity corporation, of which he was an officer." 
Warren died in Ireland, 1752. The town of Warren, R. I,, 
was also named in his honor. 

Sir William Johnson, nephew of Warren, was a native of 
County Meath, Ireland, and was born in 1715. He came to 
this country and. at the outbreak of the French and Indian 
war, was made sole superintendent of the Six Nations. Pop- 
ular among the Indians, he was formally adopted into the 
Mohawk tribe, and was made a sachem. The English king 
gave him a grant of 100,000 acres to the north of the Mo- 
hawk river. He died near Johnstown, N. Y., in 1774. He 
is referred to as " of Johnson Hall, in the County of Tyron, 
and province of New York." His will mentions bequests to 
one Bjrme, of Kingsborough ; Patrick Daly, "now living 
with me," and Mary McGrah, daughter of Christopher Mc- 
Grah. Bryan Leflferty, who had been Sir William's attorney 
and secretary, became surrogate of Tryon County, N, Y., 
and is believed to have drawn up Johnson's will. Sir Wil- 
liam's farm manager was an Irishman named Flood. 

Col. Guy Johnson, an Irishman, succeeded Sir William 
Johnson as Indian agent. He opposed the patriotic aspira- 
tions of the colonies, and fled to Canada at the outbreak of 
the Revolution. He returned to New York with the British 
troops, and became manager of a theatre in that city. Even- 
tually, he joined Brant, the Mohawk chief, and battled 
against the patriots. Guy's estates were confiscated by the 
American goverament. 



CHAPTER VII. 

Many Vessels Sail Between New York and Irish Ports — ^Dublin, Cork, 
Newry and Londonderry among the Places Mentioned — Irish Indentured 
Servants in the Colonies — Some Interesting Advertisements. 

We find in a publication, under date of May 7, 1728, that 
" The ship ' Happy Return ' is lately arrived at the dty of 
New York, from Dublin, with men and women servants; 
many of the men are tradesmen, as blacksmiths, carpenters, 
weavers, taylors, cordwainers, and other trades, which ser- 
vants are to be seen on board said vessel, lying over against 
Mr. Read's wharf, observe not at the wharf; and to be dis- 
posed of by John and Joseph Read, on reasonable terms." 

As far back as 1768, and earlier, there were many vessels 
sailing from New York to Irish places. Barrett * states that 
Greg, Cunningham & Co., of New York, at one time (Dec 
26, 1768) "had up four vessels for Irish ports. For Dublin, 
the ship ' Countess of Donnegal,' Capt. John P3rra (a famous 
captain of those days) ; for Belfast, the brig ' Hibemia,' Capt. 
William Henry; * * * for Newry, the ship * Elizabeth,' 
Capt. Charles McKenzie; for Londonderry, the sfaip ' Prince 
of Wales,' Capt. Patrick Crawford. These were regular 
ships between New York and Irish ports. But they were not 
all. Thompson & Alexander had another line, consisting of 
the ship * Daniel,' brig ' George,' and ship * Jenny,' regularly 
in the Londonderry trade. They had also an opposition line 
to Newry. Hugh and Alexander Wallace had also the brig 
'Experiment'; brig 'Havana'** [and the] brig 'Venus,' 
regularly trading to Cork and Dublin. Here were twelve or 
fifteen regular traders to Irish ports in port at one time, 
when there was but one vessel up for London." Greg, Cun- 

* " Old Merchants of New York." 




r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 67 



ningham & Co., sold Irish linens, beef, butter, salmon, etc., 
besides English and other goods. Robert Ross Waddell of 
the firm is stated to have been one of the founders of the 
New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. He was treasurer, 
from 1780 to 1784, of the Chamber of Commerce. 

" William Neilson, who, in 1768, was one of the large mer- 
chants of New York city, owned the brig ' Conway,' Capt. 
Alexander Leith, which plied between New York and Newry, 
Ireland." In 1774, just before the war, Neilson was trans- 
acting a large business. " He had," says Barrett, " the ship 
' Needham,' Capt. William Chevers, as a regular trader be- 
tween Cork and New York. She made regular passages, lay 
at Lot's wharf, carried passengers, and always brought a 
supply of white slaves, who were advertised thus : ' The times 
of a few servants for sale on board of said ship. Also, Irish 
beef, in tierces, of the best quality; with a few firkins of but- 
ter. Apply to W. Neilson.' He had also the ship ' James 
and Mary,' Capt. Workman, in the Irish trade. He was also 
one of the largest importers of blue, white and enamelled 
china, from England, before the war. He sold Irish clover 
seed. He imported and sold largely of Hibernia pig metal. 
•* The pet vessel of William Neilson was the ship ' Mary and 
Susanna,' Capt. John Thompson. She traded direct to 
Dublin, and always lay at Robert Murray's wharf.** Tliat 
was a common tact about selling white slaves. They were 
redemptionists. Some of our best families (or their pro- 
genitors) in this city came over to this country under these 
circumstances. 

" For instance, the correspondent of William Neilson at 
Dublin said to an Irishman who was poor: ' Well, Michael, 
you wish to go to New York, but have got no means. Now, 
I will advance you f 100, and give you your passage and for 
your family also ! ' The result would be that Michael would 
accept, and work out his £100, whether it was for one, two 
or three years, according to the terms of agreement. As 
soon as Michael landed in New York, his lime was sold by 
Mr. Neilson, This did not apply particularly to Ireland, but 



68 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

to Scotland and England.** Without knowing the fact, I 
presume from the nature of his business that William Neilson 
was an Irishman bom.** " Speaking of the number of ves- 
sels trading from New York to Irish ports, in the long ago, 
Barrett states that the principal cargoes they carried out was 
flax seed, though, of course, other goods were also sent. 

Stiles' " History of Brooklyn " mentions that on Nov. i6, 
1767, Francis Koffler offered a reward for a nmaway indeu- 
turded Irish servant, John Miller, who " kept the bar and 
made punch at his house," at Brooklyn ferry. This Irish ser- 
vant is described as wearing " deer-skin breeches, speckled 
yam stockings, double-soled shoes with brass buckles, and a 
beaver hat." Whether Miller was ever captured, the writer 
is unable to state. Koffler, who advertised to recover him, 
died in 1771. 

Similar advertisements frequently appear throughout the 
colonies at that and earlier periods. As far back as 1654, 
Edward Welch, " an Irish youth," was sent over " by the 
ruling power in England," in the ship " Goodfellow," to be 
sold here. The Boston " News Letter," Sept. 12, 1720, has 
an advertisement in which it is stated that an Irish man ser- 
vant, Edward Coffee, had run away from his master, Stephen 
Winchester, of Brookline, Mass. Coffee was, of course, a 
bond servant or redemptioner. He is described as about 20 
years of age, with " cinnamon coloured breeches with six 
puffs tied at the knees with ferret ribbon." He also wore 
*• a wig tied with a black ribbon." A reward was offered for 
his capture. 

The Philadelphia " Gazette," July 16, 1741, has the fol- 
lowing advertisement : * " Just arrived from Cork, in the 
* Snow Benguin,' Robert Morris, Master, A Parcel of likely 
Servants, used to country work, as also tradesmen of vari- 
ous sorts, such as taylors, carpenters, coopers, jo)mers, cloth- 
iers, weavers, shoemakers, sawyers, chimney sweepers, gard- 
ner, tanner, sadler, baker, nailer, smith, barber, hatter, rope- 

* Quoted in Gdser's " Redemptioners and Indentured Servants in the 
Colony and Commonwealth o< Pennsylvania." 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 69 

maker; whose times are to be disposed of by said Master on 
board said ' Snow' lying off against Market wharf*, or Ed- 
ward Bridges at his home (commonly called the Scales) for 
ready money or the usual credit," 

In the Pennsylvania " Gazette," May 19, 1751, this adver- 
tisement appears: " Run away from Thomas James, of Up- 
per Merion, Philadelphia County, on tlie 5th of this inst., an 
Irish servant lad named William Dobbin, about eighteen 
years of age, speaks good English, fresh colour'd, thick and 
well set in his body, has light colour'd curled hair, somewhat 
resembling a wig. Had on when he went away an old felt 
had, ozenbrigs shirt, an old dark brown colour'd coat, too big 
for him, and breeches of the same, grey worsted stockings, 
and a pair of old shoes, with brass buckles, one of the buckles 
broke. Whoever takes up and seizes this servant so that his 
master may have him again, shall have twenty shillings re- 
ward, and resonable charges, paid by Thomas Jones." 

Geiser, in his valuable work on " Redemptioners and In- 
dentured Servants," in Pennsylvania, narrates many inter- 
esting facts. He says : " The general demand for servants 
in the colony gave rise to a class of dealers called ' soul 
drivers,' who found it profitable to retail servants among the 
farmers. They purchased the servants of the Captains in 
lots of fifty or more, and drove them through the country like 
so many cattle to dispose of them at whatever price they 
could. * * * In about 1785. the soul drivers dis- 
appear. Quoting from a " History of Delaware County," 
Geiser tells the following : 

" One of these soul drivers who transacted business in 
Chester, was tricked by one of his redemptioners in the fol- 
lowing manner. The fellow by a little management, con- 
trived to be the last of the flock that remained unsold, and 
travelled about with his owner without companions. One 
night they lodged at a tavern, and in the morning, the young 
fellow, who was an Irishman, rose early and sold his master 
to the landlord, pocketed the money, and marched off. Pre- 
viously, however, to his going, he used the precaution to tell 



70 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

the purchaser, that his servant, though tolerably clever in 
other respects, was rather saucy and a little given to lying, 
that he had even presumption enough at times to endeavor to 
pass for master, and that he might possibly represent himself 
so to him. By the time mine host was undeceived, the son of 
Erin had gained such a start as rendered pursuit hopeless." 

An advertisement in the Pennsylvania " Gazette," March 
17, 1752, reads as follows: " Run away from Henry Cald- 
well of Newton, in Chester County, an Irish Servant-man 
named John Hamilton, about twenty-two years of age, of a 
middle statue, well set, fresh complexion, and speaks good 
English. Had on when he went away, a brown coloured 
coat, white damask vest, very much broke, old felt hat, cot- 
ton cap, good leather breeches. Light coloured stockings, 
and old shoes; he has been a servant before, and is supposed 
to have his old indenture with him." The advertisement then 
goes on to say that whoever takes up said servant so that his 
master may have him again, shall be rewarded and have 
" reasonable charges " paid. 

In an issue of the Pennsylvania " Packet," October, 1773, 
is advertised : " To be sold : The time of an Irish servant 
woman, who has three and half years to serve, fit for either 
town or country. Enquire of the printer." German and 
other immigrants were also sold throughout the colonies. 
It should be said that, as is already evident, the Irish who 
were thus disposed of were of the poorer class who came out. 
Thousands of their country people, who arrived here, were 
in far better circumstances, were people of property, able 
to pay their way and, consequently, not under the necessity 
of becoming redemptioners or indentured servants. 

An article in " The Recorder " (Boston, Dec, 1901) tells 
the following regarding Miss Fitzgerald, an Irish girl: 
Portsmouth, R. I., was settled in 1638. Nine years later it 
was the most populous town in the colony. Here Eleazar 
Slocum was bom on the " 25th day of the loth month 1664." 
He resided there until some twenty years of age, when he re- 
moved to Dartmouth, Mass. In Dartmouth he wedded an 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 71 

Irish giri named Elephell Fitzgerald. Concerning her there 
are two theories. The first is that she was the daughter of 
an Irish earl and came to this country with her sister who was 
eloping with an English officer. The second theory is that 
favored by Charles E. Slocum, M.D., Ph.D. In his " History 
of the Slocums " he inclines to the belief that Miss Fitzgerald 
was one of those Irish maidens who were shipped to New Eng- 
land in Cromwell's time or at later periods. 

This latter theory is the one generally held by her descend- 
ants. There were doubtless large numbers of these Irish 
g^rls brought over to New England. Many of them were, 
without question, Roman * Catholics. Frequently their fate 
was a hard and cruel one. Thebaud, in his " Irish Race in 
the Past and the Present," writing on the subject says : 

" Such of them as were sent North were to be distributed 
among the * saints ' of New England, to be esteemed by the 
said * saints ' as ' idolaters,' ' vipers,' ' young reprobates,' just 
objects of ' the wrath of God ' ; or, if appearing to fall in with 
their new and hard task-masters, to be greeted with words 
of dubious praise as * brands snatched from the burning,' 
* vessels of reprobation,' destined, perhaps, by a due initiation 
of the * saints ' to become * vessels of election,' in the mean- 
time to be unmercifully scourged with the ' besom of right- 
eousness,' at the slightest fault or mistake." 

Some, however, met a better fate. Their lines fell in more 
fortunate places. In some cases they were kindly treated 
and, in time, married into the families of their recent mas- 
ters. Some of them, too, reared large families of manly 
sons and womanly daughters and lived to a happy old age. 
Many of their descendants must exist to-day in high places. 
Perhaps some are not aware of their maternal Irish descent, 
while a few may be reluctant to acknowledge it if they are. 
Yet, many of these Irish girls were descended from the old 
nobility and clansmen whose names and fames had ranked 
with the most illustrious in Europe. 

Miss Fitzgerald's marriage to Eleazar Slocum took place 
about 1687. Their children were Meribah, born in 1689; 



72 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Mary, bom 1691; Eleazar, born in 1693-4; John, 1696-7; 
Benjamin, 1699, and Joanna, 1702. There was also another 
child named Ebenezer. In 1699 the husband and father is 
recorded as giving £3 toward building a Quaker meeting 
house. His will was proved in 1727. It makes the following 
provisions concerning his wife : 

" I give and bequeath Elephell my beloved wife, the sum of 
twenty pounds [per] annum of Good and Lawful money of 
New England, to be paid Yearly and Every Year By my 
Execut*^* During her Naturall life — 

" Item — I give and bequeath to Elephell, my beloved wife, 
an Indian girl named Dorcas During the time she hath to 
Serve by Indenture — she fulfilling all articles on my behalf — 

" Item — I give and Bequeath to Elephell my beloved wife. 
The great low room of my Dwelling house with the two bed- 
rooms belonging together with the Chamber over it and the 
Bedrooms belonging thereto, and the Garrett and also what 
part of the N'' Addition she shall Choose and one half of the 
cellar, During her Naturall life. 

" Item — I will that my executors procure and supply Ele- 
phell my wife with firewood sufficient During her Naturall 
life, And whatsoever Provisions and Com shall be left after 
my Decease, I give to Elephell my wife for her support, and 
also the hay for Support of the Cattle. The above gifts and 
Bequests is all and what I intend for Elephell my wife in- 
stead of her thirds or Dowry." 

To his son EJeazar he bequeathed the northerly part of 
the homestead farm, 100 acres, with house, bams, orchard, 
etc.; to son Ebenezer, the southerly part of the homestead 
farm "on which my dwelling house stands." To Eleazar 
and Ebenezer he also gives other lands, and to Ebenezer, 
in addition, one pair of oxen, a pair of steers, eight cows, two 
heifers, and £12. The inventory shows £5,790 i8s iid per- 
sonal estate. 

His widow, Elephell (Fitzgerald) Slocum, made a will 
" the 19th day of the first month called March 1745-6." It 
was proved October 4, 1748. Joanna, one of her daughters^ 
married Daniel, son of John Weeden of Jamestown, R. L 
A son of theirs was named Gideon Slocum Weeden. The 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

late Esther B. Carpenter of Wakefield, R. I., author of a 
delightful volume of sketches entitled " South County Neigh- 
bors," once alluded to Miss Fitzgerald in a note to the writer. 
Miss Carpenter said that she remembered to have heard her 
maternal grandmother say that she valued her Irish line of 
descent from Miss Fitzgerald above any other she could 
claim. This Irish connection had always been a common re- 
mark in the family. The grandmother in question had named 
one of her daughters Alice Joanna after her Irish ancestress, 
whose daughter Joanna had married a Weeden as already 
stated. Many of the Weeden, Slocum and other families 
now in Rhode Island trace descent back to Elephell, the 
gentle Irish girl. Descendants of Elephell (Fitzgerald) Slo- 
cum are found to-day in New Bedford. Mass. 

Marriage Licenses in the Province of New York. 

In a volume issued in i860, by the state of New York, and 
entitled " Names of Persons for Whom Marriage Licenses 
Were Issued by the Secretary of the Province of New York, 
Previous to 1784," we find a large number of Irish names. 
Many of the parties here mentioned were undoubtedly resi- 
dents of New York city. The date preceding the names shows 
when the license or bond was issued : 

1736. May 5, Mary Broadhead and Robert McGuiness. 

1736, Aug. 7, Edward Briscow and Jane McDermott. 

1737, Dec. — , Diana Walsh and John Walsh. 

1738, May 1, Patrick Dillon and Sarah William. 

1755, Nov. 28, Agnes Connolly and Daniel Sullivan. 

1756, Sept. 30, Peter Duffey and Elizabeth Reece. 
1756, Oct. 9, Mathew Sweeny and Mary Thorn. 

1756, Dec. 6, Eleanor Kelly and William Davenport. 

1757, Jan. 15, Martin Coin and Hannah Boyl. 

1757, Feb. 16, Mary Connelly and Joseph Anderson. 
1757, March 8, Elce Doyle and David Fitzsimmons. 
1757, April 21, James Cavenor and Mary Murphy. 
1757, May II, Hugh McCabe and Elizabeth Hamilton. 
1757, June 6, Patrick McDonnell and Mary Tusener. 



74 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



757, July 2, Hannah Van Sice and Patrick Hyne. 
757, Oct. 8, James Mullen and Elizabeth Hopper. 
757, Oct. 15, Daniel Casey and Catharine Smith. 
757> Nov. 22, Mary Burke and James Smith. 
757i Nov. 22, Anne Edwards and Philip Welch. 
757f Nov. 30, Timothy McNamar and Mary Weeks. 
757, Dec. 12, Margaret Farrell and Martin Farrell. 

757, Dec. 30, Mary Bennet and Peter Walshe. 

758, Jan. 25, Thomas Caho and Ann Fitzgerald. 

758, Feb. 15, Mary Christie and Timothy Macnamara. 
758, March 21, John Burke and Mary Maygridge. 
758, April 7, William Hurley and Elizabeth Mills. 
758, May II, Daniel Callahan and Elinor Conner. 
758, May 30, Catherine Casidy and Edward Peters. 
758, June 3, Mary Cunningham and David Kelly. 
758, Sept. 12, John Sullivan and Deborah Hutchins. 
758, Sept. 12, John Farrell and Mary Galloway. 
758, Sept. 23, Jeremiah Sullivan and Mary Hancock. 

758, Dec. 28, Elizabeth Callahan and John Callahan. 

759, Feb. 6, Catharine Haley and Francis Col well. 
759, March 28, Jane Davis and William Fitzgerald. 
759, April 5, Elizabeth Conner and David Lyons. 
759, April 9, Submit Brown and James McGowan. 
759, May 8, Charles Conner and Chariot Williams. 

759, May 10, Hugh McLaughlin and Catharine McDougal. 
759, June 15, Timothy O'Conner and Elizabeth Rotteridge. 
759, June 20, Martha Burke and Archibald McElroy. 
759, July 10, Elisabeth O'Bryan and Jacob Bloom. 
759, Aug. 30, Thomas Nagle and Elizabeth Stevens. 
759, Sept. II, Mary McCartey and Gilbert Bain. 
759» Oct. 23, Hugh Gaine and Sarah Robbins. 
759, Nov. 20, Owen Sullivan and Hannah Orstin. 

759, Dec. 20, Thomas Lynch and Catharine Groasbeek. 

760, Jan. 16, Catharine Duffy and James Kirkwood. 
760, Jan. 17, Patrick Hynes and Elizabeth Winthrop. 
760, Jan. 23, Hugh Dougherty and Rebecca Anderson. 
760, Jan. 24, Wynant Van Zant and Jane Colgan. 

760, Feb. 28, Catharine Cartey and Cornelius Ryan. 
760, March 24, Peter Ryan and Jane Lowie. 
760, April 9, James Casety and Margaret Nixon. 
760, June 10, Ida Hannigan and Nishie Waldron. 
760, July 3, Philip Welch and Elizabeth Clajrton. 
760, Sept. 6, Mary Bunterbow and Roger Magrath. 
760, Sept. II, Dorothy Bedford and John Ferrel. 



w 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL UlSCELLANY 7$ 



1760, Oct. 2, Elizabeth Callahan and Samuel Walker. 
1760, Oct. II, Edmond Welch and Eleanor Van Cliegh. 
1760, Oct. 30, Catharine Groves and Anthony O'Niel. 
1760, Nov. 15, Mary Barry and Patrick Hackit. 

1760, Nov, 20, Timothy Agen and Elizabeth McGeer. 

1761, Jan, 12, Samuel Carr and Mary McCoye. 
1761, March 3, Patrick Walch and Mary Isleton. 

1761, March 21, Elizabeth McGinnis and Robert McGinnis. 

1761, May 21, Elenor O'Niel and John Thorp. 

1761, May 29, Catharine O'Neal and Norris Palmer. 

1761, July 11, John Burroughs and Elizabeth McGlochlin, 

1761, Aug. I, James Kelley and Letitia Pitt, 

1761, Aug. 18, Thomas Brown and Mirtina Hogan. 

1761, Aug. 20, Patrick Allen and Mary Young. 

1761, Aug. 28, James O'Brien and Mary Plume. 

1761, Sept. 23, Dennis McGiliicuddy and Martha Leonard. 

1761, Nov. 4, Edward Carter and Mary Linch. 

1761, Nov. II, John McCaffery and Jane Arnold. 

1761, Dec. 5, Ellen Murphy and John Ryan. 

1762, Jan. II, WilHam Crooks and Elizabeth McGinnis. 
1762, Jan. 14, Mary McCann and Stephen Pullen. 
1762, Feb. 12, Esther Dixon and James O'Neal. 
1762, March 5, Margaret O'Brian and Thomas Smith. 
1762, March 16, Peter McCarty and Anne Kean. 
1762, April 15, John Van Voorhis and Johanna Rowe. 
1762, May 29, John Parrel and Catharine Edsall. 
1762, June 30, James Dougherty and Judith Roome. 
1762, Sept, 10, Mary Farrell and Joshua Thomason. 
1762, Sept. 27, Mary Connelly and Thomas Minn. 

1762, Oct. II, Catharine McCarty and Joseph Greenwood, Jr. 
1762, Nov, 30, Mary Regan and Richard Allen. 

1762, Dec. 23, Catharine Farrell and William Kirby. 

1763, Feb. II, Thomas Quigley and Anne Simerson, 
1763, March 31, John Ryan and Elizabeth Shea. 
1763, July 4, Sarah Burk and Archibald McElroy. 
1763, July 20, William Cowen and Margaret DufFee. 
1763, Aug. I, Ann Kelly and Thomas Woodward. 
^763, Aug. 19, Peter Donnolly and Elenor Magragh. 
1763, Dec. 17, Elizabeth Eagan and Alexander White. 

1763, Dec. 22, Elizabeth Burrowes and Patrick Taaffe. 

1764, Jan. 23, John Dillon and Mary McKim. 
1764. Feb. 3, Jane Ryan and John Hunt, Jr. 

1764, Feb. 10, Elizabeth Haley and James Patterson. 
1764, Feb. 24. Hugh McConnel and Ann Waylin. 



76 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



764, Feb. 25, John Lynch and Pamela Simmonds. 
764, Feb. 25, Dirby Doyle and Sophia Sthol. 
764, March 12, Anne Bresse and Mathew Murphy. 
764, March 17, Ann Murphy and Nicholas Feild. 
764, April 2, Patrick Rogers and Ida Wiltsie. 
764, May 14, Bryan Carty and Catherine Winslow. 
764, July 9, Alexander McDermot and Catharine Nevens. 
764, Sept. 28, Margaret Connelly and William Mansfield. 
764, Oct. 4, Cornelius Lawler and Easter Derby. 
764, Nov. 12, John Mahany and Teuntje Turck. 

764, Dec. 5, John Ryan and Ellen Murphy. 

765, April 9, Margaret Mahony and Thomas Glenn. 
765, May 25, Cornelius Ryan and Isabella Bryan. 
765, June 5, Anne McGee and Isaac Brown. 

765, Oct. 16, John Murphy and Maria Van Nice. 

766, Oct. 21, John Be van and Mary Connor. 

766, Nov. 24, Mary O'Connor and James Williams. 

766, Dec. II, William Casey and Elizabeth Constant. 

767, March 9, Edmond Sweeny and Ann Wellean. 
767, April 6, Ellenor Regan and William Tribe. 
767, April 22, John Bowles and Catherine McGuire. 
767, June 30, Francis Arden and Catherine Ryan. 
767, July 2, Nicholas Callahan and Sarah Sickles. 
767, Aug. 12, Patrick McCarrick and Sarah Neal. 

767, Sept. 30, Jane Asselstyn and Robert McGinnis, Sr. 

767, Dec. 21, Martha McGillicuddy and Roger Fagg. 

768, Jan. 26, Pierce Donovan and Ellenor Powel. 
768, Feb. 2, Jane Hagaman and James McMahon. 
768, May 10, Cornelius Cozine and Elitje Murphy. 

768, May 28, Mary Boderidge and George McLaughlan. 

768, Oct. 21, John Conway and Jane Compton. 

769, Jan. 4, John Carrow and Mary Conway. 

769, April 20, Peter Tobin and Susannah Ackerman. 

769, May 12, Nelly Quinn and Jeremiah Bennet. 

769, May 16, James Flynn and Ann Walker. 

769, June 26, Catherine Murphy and Hugh Moore. 

769, July II, Hester Farr and John O'Brien. 

769, Aug. 28, Margaret O'Neal and James Robins. 

769, Sept. 5, Hugh Gaine and Cornelia Wallace. 

769, Sept. 23, Elizabeth Mullen and Oliver Sweeney. 

770, July 4, Philip Kearny and Susannah Watts. 

770, Dec. 31, Peter Cassety and Mary Davis. 

771, Nov. I, Amelia Barns and John Currin. 

771, Dec. 23, Patrick Dennis and Margaret White. 



1 771 
1772 

1773 

1773 

1773 

1773 

1773 

1775 

1775 

1775 
1776 

-^777 

^777 

^777 
1778 

1778 

1778 

1779 
1779 

1779 

1779 
1779 

1779 

1779 

1779 
1780 

1780 

1781 

1 781 

1 781 

1 781 

1 781 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 77^ 

May 6, David McCarty and Charlotta Witbeck. 
Jan. 9, Patrick Burk and Jeemima Cursong. 
Feb. 2, Thomas Arden, Jr., and Mary Boyle. 
March 23, Terence Reilly and Susannah Watts. 
April 20, Elizabeth Bates and John Melowny. 
July 29, William Bums and Alice McMun. 
Sept. 2, Elizabeth Casey and Martin Lamb. 
May 8, Samuel Casey and Catharine Page. 
June 2^, Mary Butler and Charles McNamee. 
July 26, Robert Campbell and Hannah Kelly. 
March 12, Jane Cammel and Philip Mulligan. 
April 5, Patrick King and Elizabeth Williams. 
April 24, Abigal Blake and William Mooney. 
Dec. 29, Bridget Ahern and Nathaniel Phillipse. 
May 19, David Buchanan and Mary Connell. 
Aug. 22, Mark Mullen and Susanah Tuften. 
Dec. 5, Martin McEvoy and Margaret Devoe. 
Jan. 14, Edward Burke and Mary Ainsly. 
March 1 1 , Ann Brannon and Charles Dunn. 
April 27, Michael Kellie and Sarah Wallace. 
May 3, John Arbuckle and Mary O'Brien. 
July 21, Dennis Dowlin and Ann McAnalty. 
Oct. 8, Eleonora Callahan and James McAllister. 
Oct. 20, David Beveridge and Margaret McGloan. 
Dec. 4, John Casey and Mary Kendle. 
May I, Patrick Dillon and Sarah Williams. 
June I, Margaret Brush and Patrick Wall. 
Feb. 19, Dominick Dougherty and Susannah Wilkinson.. 
June 21, Susannah Butler and John Fitzpatrick. 
Aug. 9, William Dempsay and Elizabeth Mahany. 
Oct. 16, Thomas Cavenagh and Rachael Green. 
Dec. 4, Susannah Bartow and John Gillespie. 



1782, Feb. 2, John Hurly and Elizabeth Allen. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

Old St Peter's Church, New York City— Act of Incorporation Ob- 
tained in 1785— The First Stone Placed by the Spanish Ambassador— Ex- 
tracts from the Earliest Baptismal Register of the Church— Many Irish 
Names. 

Bayley's " Sketch of the Early History of the Catholic 
Church on the Island of New York" states that, " In 1785, 
an act of incorporation of St. Peter's Church was obtained 
from the Legislature of the State of New York, and early in 
1786 five lots were purchased from the Trustees of Trinity 
church, at the comer of Barclay and Church Streets, upon 
which old St. Peter's church — the first Catholic Church in 
the City of New York, a structure 48 by 81 feet — ^was built. 
The Spanish Ambassador to the United States, Don Diego 
de Gardoqui, laid the first stone." 

In the " Historical Records and Studies," for January, 
1899, published by the United States Catholic Historical So- 
ciety, is the opening chapter of a contribution by Rev. James 
H. McGean. He writes on " The Earliest Baptismal Raster 
of St. Peter's Church, New York City," and continues his 
contribution through other issues of the publication above 
mentioned. He gives a long list of persons who were baptized 
at St. Peter's prior to 1797. We reproduce chronologically 
the following: 

Travers, Richard, bom June 19, 1786, of John Travers 
and Catharine Travers, Catholics; the godfather was Nicho- 
las Burks. [In a footnote, Father McGean says, " This was 
undoubtedly Rev. Nicholas Burke, acting pastor.] 

Sweeny, Elizabeth, born Dec. 5, 1787, of Doyle Sweeny, 
Catholic, and Elizabeth, Protestant; sponsors, Thomas 
O'Hara and Elizabeth Suter. 

Sullivan, Florence, born 13th day of the month of Fd)., 



IRISHAMERKAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 79 

A.D. 17^8, 01 Florence Sullivaii and Margaret, Catholics; 
the sponsors were John Sullivan and Rachel Cavanagh. 

Sullivan, Elizabeth, born Feb. 14, 1788, of John Sullivan, 
Cathohc, and Mary, Protestant; sponsor, Joseph Roiz Silva. 

McCready, Frederick, born March 15, 1788, of Denis 
McCready and Barbara, Catholics; sponsor, Joseph Roiz 
Silva. 

Murphy, Mary, bom the 22d day of the month of March, 
A.D. 1788, of Patrick Murphy and Frances, Catholics; 
the godfather was Daniel Murphy. 

Lynch, Alexander Didacus, bom 23d day of the month 
of April, A.D. 1788, of Dominick Lynch and Joanna, Catho- 
lics; the sponsors were His Excellency Didacus de Gardo- 
qui, ambassador {legatus) of the King of Spain, and Cath- 
arine Mary De La Forest. 

Magrath, Edward, born the 27th day of the month of 
June, A-D. 1788, of Bartholomew Magrath and Mary, Cath- 
olics; the sponsors were Thomas Magrath and Mary Ma- 
grath. 

Hayward, Mary, born the 13th day of the month of Aug., 
A.D. 1788, of Samuel Hayward, Protestant, and Mary, Cath- 
olic; the sponsors were Adam Lynham and Eleanor O'Brien. 

Johnston, Neale, born the 21st day of the month of Aug., 
A.D. 1788. of Neaie Johnston and Esther, Catholics; the 
godfather was James Cautield. 

Murphy, Thomas, bom the 23d day of the month of Sept., 
A.D. 1788, of Patrick Murphy and Mary, Catholics; the 
sponsors were William Thomas and Grace Gorman. 

Travers, Michael, bom Oct. 31, 1788, of John Travers 
and Catharine; godfather N. B, (Nicholas Burke?). 

Sullivan, Daniel, born the 2d day of the month of Nov., 
A.D. 1788, of James Sullivan and Mary, Catholics; the god- 
father was Edward Small. 

O'Donihi, Ann born Nov. 26, 1788, of Peter O'Donihi 
and Agnes, Catholics; the sponsors were William Degon 
and Mary Magdalen. 

Madden, Philip, bom the ist day of the month of March, 
A.D. 1789, of Thomas Madden and Margaret, Catholics; 
the godfather was Timothy Crowley. 

McDermott, James, bom May 2. a.d. 1789, of Michael 
McDermott and Catharine; the godfather was Nicholas de 
Burgo. 

Fitzgerald, Thomas, born the i8th day of the month of 
May. A.D. 1789, of Maurice Fitzgerald and Jane, Catholics; 
the godfather was John Maloney. 



8o IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Lalor, Ann, born the 26th day of the month of May, a.d. 
1789, of John Lalor and Anastasia Dwyer; the sponsors 
were Jeremiah Lalor and Maria OTogarty. 

Lynch, Margaret, born the 30th day of the month of 
July, A.D. 1789, of Dominick Lynch and Joanna Lynch, 
Catholics; the sponsors were Daniel Carroll and Catharine 
McCoombe. 

Hughes, John Baptist, born the 30th day of the month of 
July, A.D. 1789, of Christopher and Christiana Hughes; the 
sponsors were Nicholas Butler and Mary Beaumont. 

Walsh, Augustine, born the 3d day of Sept., A.D 1789, 
of Augustine Walsh and Elizabeth O'Brien; the godmother 
was Margaret Boyd. 

Robinson, John, born the 1 2th day of the month of Sept., 
A.D. 1789, of John Robinson and Mary Keating; the spon- 
sors were William O'Brien and Hanna Vittell. 

Lloyd, Anna B., (or Loyd), born the 6th day of the month 
of Dec., A.D. 1789, of Paul B. Lloyd and Mary Lloyd; the god- 
father was William Lawlor. 

Moran, Margaret, born the 6th day of the month of Dec, 
A.D. 1789, of Edward Moran, father, and Sarah Moran; the 
sponsors were Andrew Barron and Elizabeth McCready. 

Sullivan, Daniel, born the 21st day of the month of Dec, 
A.D. 1789, of Florence Sullivan, father, and Margaret; the 
sponsors were Hester Naylor and Thomas Cavanagh. 

Leary, Mori, bom Jan. 24, a.d. 1790, of Daniel Leary and 
Sarah Leary; the sponsors were Luke de Flor and Joanna 
Cofney. 

Morris, Margaret, born March 9, a.d. 1790, of Andrew 
Morris and Eleanor Morris; the godfather was John Sulli- 
van. 

Connell, Mary, bom March 10, 1790, of Patrick Connell 
and Mary Connell; the sponsors were Thomas Vaughon 
and Margaret Giron. 

Sullivan, Thomas, born March 12, a.d. 1790, of Thomas 
and Mary Sullivan ; the sponsors were Patrick O'Farrell and 
Mary Millen. 

Lloyd, Eugenia, born March 29, a.d. 1790, of Thomas 
Lloyd and Elizabeth ; the sponsors were Patrick and Maria 
Risdecher. 

Sweeny, Eleonara, born May i, a.d. 1790, of Doyle 
Sweeny and Elizabeth Sweeny; the godmother was Sarah 
Lloyd. 

Harraghan, Charlotte, bom July 6, 1790, of James Har- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 81 

raghan and Margaret Cummin, Catholics; the godfather 
was William Donovan. 

Fitzgerald, Robert, bom Oct. i, a.d. 1790, of David Fitz- 
gerald and Leonora Long; the sponsors were Joseph Silva 
and Ann Backhouse. 

Lane, Timothy, born Nov. 16, a.d. 1790, of Timothy 
Lane and Mary; the sponsors were Thomas Kennedy and 
Bridget Kennedy. 

Collins, Mark, bom Nov. 27, a,d. 1790, of Mark Collins 
and Rachel Collins; the sponsors were William Chevers and 
Margaret Gafney. 

Murray, Thomas, born 29th of March, a.d. 1791. of Mau- 
rice Murray and Elizabeth, Catholics; the godfather was 
James Commell [Connell?]. 

Morris, Thomas, born April 29, 1791, of Andrew Morris 
and Eleanor, Catholics; the sponsors were Thomas Butler 
and Hester Neilon. 

Flynn, Maurice, born Aug. 5, 1791, of James Flynn and 
Ann, Catholics; the sponsors were Thomas Kennedy and 
Bridget Catharine Botrue. 

Burns. Thomas .Anthony, born Aug. 7, 1791, of Robert 
Bums and Catharine, Catholics; the godmother was Bridget 
Kenedy. 

Neilon. Dominick. born Aug. 26, 1791, of Charles and 
Hester Neilon, CathoHcs; the sponsors were Thomas Cav- 
anagh and Eleanor O'Brien. 

Golding. Thomas, born Sept., 1791, of Michael Golding 
and Sarah McCharson, Catholics; the sponsors were Michael 
and Ann McDermott. 

Ryan, Elizabeth, born Sept. 13. 1791, of John Ryan and 
Elizabeth, Catholics; the sponsors were Michael and Han- 
nah O'Brien. 

O'Donihi. William, born Oct. 3, 1791. of Peter O'Domhi 
and Agnes. Catholics; the sponsors were William Degon 
and Mary Magdalen. 

Travers, James, bom Oct. 5, 1791, of John Travers and 
Catharine; godfather. Nicholas Burke. 

Heageorty, Eugenia, born Jan. 7, 1792, of Patrick Heag- 
eorty and Eunice; the godfather was Joseph Foley. 

Sccullord, James, bom Jan. 11. 1792, of Patrick Scollord 
and Elizabeth ; the sponsors were Henry Lalor [and] . 

Conner. George, born March 28, 1792, of George Conner 
and Elizabeth. CathoHcs; the godfather was Joseph Silva. 
Thomas, George, born April 3, 1792, of Benjamin Thomas 



82 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

and Catharine, Catholics; the sponsors were Denis Cassidy 
and Mary Anstonce. 

Ferrall, Mary, born April ii, 1792, of Richard Ferrall and 
Catharine Lanse; the sponsors were John Goggin and Mary 
Donovan. 

Cassidy, Thomas, born May 18, 1792, of James Cassidy 
and Catherine, Catholics; the sponsors were Joseph Foley 
and Anastatia Lynch. 

Cavanagh, Patrick, born June 25, 1792, of Thomas Cav- 
anagh and Rachel, Catholics; the sponsors were Andrew 
Morris and Ann Carroll. 

Hanley, Thomas, born June 26, 1792, of William Hanley 
and Mary, Catholics; the sponsors were Thomas Kennedy 
and Catharine Neighlond. 

Sullivan, Elizabeth Emma, bom June 27, 1792, of John 
Sullivan and Mary, Catholics; the sponsors were Cornelius 
Heeney and Emma Miller. ^ 

Lynch, Joanna, bom July 10, 1792, of Dominick Lynch 
and Joanna, Catholics; the sponsors were James and Anas- 
tasia Lynch. 

Powers, John, born July 15, 1792, of John Powers and 
Winnifred Odell, Catholics. 

Harraghan, James, born July 29, 1792, of James Harra- 
ghan and Margaret Cummin, Catholics; the godfather was 
William Donovan. 

Devorex, James, bom Aug. 2, 1792, of Philip Devorex 
and Judith, Catholics; the sponsors were John Egan and 
Elizabeth Egan. 

Naylor, James, born Oct. 9, 1792, of Charles Naylor and 
(mother's name omitted). Catholics; the sponsors were 
Hugh Breen and Henrietta Reed. 

McDermod, Catharine, born Oct. 9, 1792, of Hugh Mc- 
Dermod and Ann, Catholics; the godmother was Mary 
Instont. 

McConnell, James, bom Oct. 10, 1792, of Patrick McCon- 
nell and Maria McConnell, Catholics; the godmother was 
Eleanor O'Brien. 

Doyle, Margaret, born Dec. 20, 1792, of Francis Doyle 
and Ann Tomany, Catholics ; the godmother was Catharine 
Haggerty. 

McDonald, Mary, bom Dec. 25, 1792, of John McDonald 
and Catharine McDonald, Catholics; the sponsors were 
Donald McDonald and Lila McDonald. 

Morris, Eleanor, bom Jan. 20, 1793, of Andrew Morris 



1 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 83 

and Eleanor Skinner, Catholics; the godfather was Thomas 
Stoughton. 

Reilly, James, born March 17, 1793, of John Reilly and 
Mary Kane, Catholics; the sponsors were James Walsh and 
Eleanor Crowley. 

Kelly, Mary, born April 8. 1793, of Thomas Kelly and 
Margaret Costelio; the godfather was Philip Devereux. 

Devoy, John, born April 10, 1793, of Michael Devoy and 
Mary Mitchell, Catholics: the godfather was Michael Capen- 
bery. 

Callaghan. Peter, born April 14, 1793, of Timothy Calla- 
ghan and (mother's name not given). 

Meaghan, Catharine, born April 18, 1793, of Henry 
Meaghan and Catharine McLovinan. Catholics; the sponsors 
were John McGouran and Catharine Cassidy. 

Dunn, Helen, born May 11, 1793, of Patrick Dunn and 
Ann Soraers, Catholics; the godmother was Mary Covish. 

Smith, Margaret, born July 4, 1793, of Jeremiah Smith 
and Mary Brennan, Catholics; the sponsors were John 
Hogan and Eliza Lalor. 

Stoughton, Catharine, born July 14, 1793, of Thomas 
Stoughton and Catharine Lynch, Catholics; the sponsors 
»ere Jose Roi2 Silva and Mary Dumont.* 

Hagerty. Margaret, born July 20. 1793. of Patrick Hag- 
and Winnifred Sweeny, Catholics; the sponsors were 
iry Meaghan and Sarah Lonergan. 

O'Reilly, Rose, born July 26. 1793, of Terence O'Reilly 
and Elizabeth Gray; the godfather was Patrick O'Brien. 

Mahoney, Edward, born Aug. 8, 1793. of Matthew 
Mahoney and Marj- Martin, Catholics; the godfather was 
Jeremiah O'Connor. 

Conry, Robert, born Oct. 4, 1793. of John Conry and Ann 
Watson; the gfodfather was Henry Hegan. 

McGowan, William, born Oct. 20. 1793. of Robert Mc- 
Gowan and Ann Casey. Catholics; the sponsors were 
Thomas Casey and Bridget Connor. 

Quinn. William, born Oct. 26. 1793, of Edward Quinn and 
Uary Quinn, Catholics: the sponsors were George Dough- 
trty and Joanna Thompson, 

Corcoran, James, bom Oct. 27. 1793, of Patrick Corcoran 
and Catharine Higgins, Catholics: the godfather was Ter- 
ence Reilly, 

•A Calliarine Stoughton is also recorded as bom June 27, ir93- Evi- 
dntly an error of date in one case or the other. 



84 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Cavenagh, Obediah, born Nov. 29, 1793, of Thomas Cav- 
enagh and Rachel Green, Cathohcs; the godfather was 
Charles Naylor. 

McCosker, Hugh, born Dec. 17, 1793, of James McCosker 
and Mary McDavid, Catholics; the sponsors were Denis 
McCorristan and Catharine McLaughlin. • 

Lynch, Henry, bom Dec 22, 1793, of Dominick Lynch 
and Joanna Lynch, Catholics; the sponsors were John 
O'Connor and Catharine Dowdall. 

Hacket, Esther, born Jan. 18, 1794, of John Hacket and 
Mary Hopps, Catholics; the sponsors were Cornelius Ryan 
and Joanna Ryan. 

Byrne, Catharine, born Jan. 18, 1794, of Matthew Byrne 
and Agnes Abrahams, Catholics; the godmother was Mary 
Reilly. 

O'Leary, Rose, born Jan. 20, 1794, of Daniel O'Leary and 
Maria Leary, Catholics; the sponsors were Mary Conliff and 
Charles McCarty. 

McCann, Eleanor, born March 9, 1794, of Charles Mc- 
Cann and Margaret McMuUen, Catholics; the godfather 
was John Hegarthy. 

Barnewall, Robert, born March 14, 1794, of George 
Bamewall and (name not gfiven). Catholics; the godfather 
was William Gilchrist. 

Coyle, Thomas Ann Mary, bom April 20, 1794, of Thomas 
Coyle and Sarah Pierce, Catholics ; the godmother was Mary 
Reilly. 

Crumlish, Catharine, born April 26, 1794, of Bernard 
Crumlish and Sarah McColgan, Catholics; the sponsors were 
Charles Hagarty and Catharine Hagarty. 

Magrath, Margaret, born April 28, 1794, of Thomas 
Magrath and Ann Lennon, Catholics; the sponsors were 
Thomas Tobin and Margaret Lennon. 

O'Gorman, Patrick, born May 9, 1794, of Thomas O'Gor- 
man and Mary Conry, Catholics; the sponsors were William 
Lalor and Mary Lalor. 

Kane, William, born May 25, 1794, of James Kane 
and Bridget Hart, Catholics; the sponsor was Nicholas 
Pritchard. 

Devoy, Michael, bom June 8, 1794, of Michael Devoy 
and Mary Mitchell, Catholics; the godfather was Michael 
Casey. 

O'Barr, Sarah, bom June 8, 1794, of Daniel O'Barr and 
Mary McConnell; the sponsors were Sarah Campbell and 
George Lynch. 




w 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 85 

McShehan, John, born June 13, 1794, of Patrick Mc- 
Shehan and Rebecca Patchell; the godfather was Charles 
McCann. 

Courtney, Peter, bom June 25, 1794, of Lawrence Court- 
ney and Mary McCabe; the sponsors were Thomas Boyie 
and Elizabeth Madden. 

Short, William, bom July 12, 1794, of Hug-h Short and 
Alice Mooney; the godfather was Matthew Collier. 

McMullen, Joanna, born Aug. 10, 1794, of Alexander 
McMuIIen and Cecilia Kelly, Catholics; the sponsors were 
John Dougherty and Eleanor McFarland. 

Kelly, Judith, born Aug. 10, 1794, of Thomas Kelly and 
Margaret Costello, Catholics; the sponsors were John 
DooTey and Judith Forestal. 

Morrison, Cornelius, born Aug. 10, 1794, of John Morri- 
son and Mary Secraw, Catholics; the sponsors were Patrick 
Corcoran and Catharine Corcoran. 

Cassidy, James, bom Aug. 12, 1794, of James Cassidy and 
Mary McCahill, Catholics; the sponsors were George Dun- 
leavy and Ann McCahill. 

Walsh, James, born Aug. 17, 1794, of Nicholas Walsh and 

Mary Bolton, Catholics: the godfather was Michael Dwyer. 

Little, Ann Lucy, born Aug. ig, 1794, of Michael Little 

and Mary McCready; the sponsors were John McCready 

and Joanna McCready. 

Briscoe, Mary Ann. born Aug. 20, 1794, of William Briscoe 
and Catharine Shoulders; tht: godmother Wd?, Mary Carroll. 
O'Neill, Mary, bom Aug. 31, 1794, of Bernard O'Neill 
and Sarah Mullen; the godfather was James Connor. 

Shirogh, Catharine, bom Sept. 7, 1794, of James Shirogh 
and Mary Gallenagh; the sponsors were John Loughlin and 
Elizabeth Shirogh. 

Hanly, William, born Sept. 28, 1794, of William Hanly 
and Mary Ormond, Catholics; the sponsors were Thomas 
Kennedy and Bridget Kennedy. 

Butler, William, bom Oct. 14, 1794, of John Butler and 
Mary McDonnell; the sponsors were Joseph Idley and Mary 
Slayhart. 

Buckley, Eleanor, born Oct. 19. 1794, of James Buckley 
and Catharine Barrett, Catliolics; the sponsors were Richard 
Stephens and Elizabeth Smith. 

McCormick, Sarah, born Nov. i, 1794, of Hugh McCor- 
mick and Ann McLaughlin; the godfather was Patrick Hag- 
gerty. 



86 ' IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Laughlin, Mary, born Nov. 9, 1794, of William Laug-hlin 
and Mary McHieron, Catholics; the godfather was James 
Carr. 

Fenarty, John, bom Nov. 12, 1794, of John Fenarty and 
Mary McDaniel, Catholics; the sponsors were Daniel Mc- 
Cummin and Mary McDaniel. 

Davidson, Elizabeth, born Nov. 12, 1794, of Daniel David- 
son and Catharine Manly, Catholics; the sponsors were 
Joseph Idley and Elizabeth Idley. 

Reilly, Elizabeth, born Nov. 12, 1794, of Terence Reilly 
and Elizabeth Gray, Catholics; the sponsors were Patrick 
Corcoran and Catharine Corcoran. 

Hughes, Peter, born Nov. 12, 1794, of Christopher 
Hughes and Christina Hanfrinn; the sponsors were John 
Roche and Mary Hickey. 

Magrath, Mary, born Nov. 12, 1794, of Daniel Magrath 
and Hannah Kate, Catholics; the sponsors were Francis 
Early and Elizabeth Magennis. 

Stoughton, John, bom Nov. 26, 1794, of Thomas Stough- 
ton and Catharine Lynch, Catholics; the sponsors were 
Joseph Rois Sylva and Charlotte Flezen (proxy for Matilda 
Stoughton de Gauderes). 

McCormick, Sarah, bom Jan. i, 1795, of Patrick McCor- 
mick and Mary McLaughlin, Catholics; the sponsors were 
James McLaughlin and Ann Gill. 

Begly, Rosanna, bom Jan. i, 1795, of Comelius Begly and 
Joanna Gallagher, Catholics; the sponsors were William 
Dennison and Joanna Moore. 

Lloyd, Catharine, born Jan. i, 1795, of Michael Lloyd 
and Catharine Fitchworth, Catholics; the sponsors were 
Thomas Madden and Mary McCabe. 

Barr, Mary, bom Feb. i, 1795, of Peter Barr and Eliza- 
beth Dun^en, Catholics; the godfather was Joseph Tdley. 

Haggerty, William, born Feb. i, 1795, of Patrick Hag- 
gerty and Winnifred Sweeny; the sponsors were John 
Dogherty and Edward Bulgar. 

Walsh, David, born Feb. 10, 1795, of Richard Walsh and 
Eleanor McCutchen; the godfather was William Donovan. 

Shields, John, born Feb. 16, 1795, of Edward Shields and 
Sarah Duffy ; the sponsors were Patrick McFarland and Cath- 
arine McFarland. 

Ward, Patrick, bom March i, 1795, of Thomas Ward and 
Margaret Ward; the sponsors were Matthew Read and 
Henrietta Read. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 87 

Haughy, James, bom March i, 1795. of John Haughy and 
Sarah O'Donnell; the godfather was John Higherty. 

McGonnegali, Isabella, born March 14, 1795, of James 
McGonnegail and Elizabeth Grimes; the godfather was 
Thomas Brady. 

McEnty, Thomas, bom March 14, 1795, of Charles Mc- 
Enty and Mary Smyth; the sponsors were John Flood and 
Elizabeth Flood. 

Cassenbury, Catharine, born March 25, 1795, of Michael 
Cassenbury and Mary Cassenbury, Catholics; the sponsors 
were Patrick McFarland and Catharine McFariand- 

Barry, Margaret, born March 29, 1795, of Edmund Barry 
and Catharine Evans; the sponsors were Philip Maguire 
and Mary Neill. 

Thompson, George Henry Thompson, bora of Thompson, 
father, and Esther Grange, April 7, 1795; the godfather was 
William O'Brien. 

Roderick, Catharine, born April 26, 1795, of Francis Rod- 
erick and Ann Roderick; the sponsors were William Law- 
rence and Eleanor Lawrence. 

Lyons, Daniel, born of Peter Lyons and Margaret Byrne; 
was baptized May i, 1795; the godfather was Philip Mat- 
thews. 

Murphy, Mary, born of Patrick Kane and Mary Murphy; 
was baptized May 3, 1795; the godfather was Maurice 
Whelan, 

Lynch, Henrietta, bora June 16, 1795, of Dominick Lynch 
and Jane Lynch; the sponsors were Walter Dowdall and 
Mary Desiderata de Crosses. 

Johnston, Bernard, born June 22, 1795, of Lawrence John- 
ston and Mary Collins; the godfather was Denis Healy. 

Coghlan, John, born July i, 1795, of Daniel Coghlan and 
Ann Ahrens; the sponsors were John O'Connell and Mar- 
garet O'Connell. 

McGaviston, Peter, born July i, 1795, of John McGavis- 
ton and Catharine Worter; the sponsors were James Cullen 
and Mary Trenor. 

McKenly, Mary, bom July i, 1795, of Alexander McKenly 
and Catharine McCurdy; the godmother was Mary Green. 

Connor. Margaret, born July 2, 1795. of James Connor 
and Jane Leonard; the sponsors were Patrick Connor and 
Ann Monk. 

Johnston, Sophia, born July 18, 1795. of William John- 
ston and Ann Thompson; the godmother was Catharine 
McCuIlogh. 



88 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

O'Brien, Eleanor, born July i8, 1795, of James O'Brien 
and Jane Dogherty; the godmother was Isabella Brock. 

Byrne, Charles, bom July 24, 1795, of James Byrne and 
Bridget Grannan; the godfather was Alexander Boland. 

McColligan, Jane, bom Aug. 2, 1795, of James McColli- 
gan and Elizabeth Magrath; the sponsors were Daniel Mc- 
Gonnegall and Rose Magrath. 

Query, Mary, born Aug. 10, 1795, of Dominick Guery and 
Teresa Vian ; the sponsors were Andrew Guery and Aug^s- 
tina Guery. 

McDonnell, Andrew, born Aug. 23, 1795, of Michael Mc- 
Donnell and Sarah Lawler; the sponsors were John Condon 
and Mary Madden. 

Reilly, Eleanor, bom Sept. i, 1795, of John Reilly and Mary 
Kane; the sponsors were Timothy Crowley and Catharine 
Crowley. 

Kavanagh, Catharine, born Sept. 2, 1795, of Stephen Kava- 
nagh and Mary Barns; the sponsors were Philip Keeve and 
Mary Flood. 

Ferguson, Catharine, bom Sept. 13, 1785, of Robert Fer- 
guson and Lucy Carroll ; the godmother was Catharine Mul- 
hern. 

Ryan, Richard, bom Sept. 13, 1795, of William Ryan and 
Margaret Donovan; the sponsors were Patrick Hobart and 
Ann Beatty. 

Keams, Lawrence, born Sept. 13, 1795, of Matthew 
Kearns and Ann Byrne; the sponsors were John Doyle and 
Ann Kennedy. 

Mollony, Mary, born Sept. 20, 1795, of Thomas Mollony 
and Mary Ramsay; the sponsors were Neil Monday and 
Sarah Read. 

Gallaglier, Susan, bom Sept. 25, 1795, of James Galla- 
gher and Mary Gallagher; the sponsors were James Stuart 
and Elizabeth Ellis. 

Higgins, Margaret, bom Sept. 26, 1795, ^^ Laurence Hig- 
gins and Margaret Scott; the sponsors were Bernard Lin- 
den and Mary Flaherty. 

Flynn, Mary, born Oct. 2, 1795, of Michael Flynn and 
Ellen McLoskie; the sponsors were John Flynn and Mary 
Flynn. 

Clifford, Catharine, bom Oct. 7, 1795, of Thomas Qifford 
and Margaret Bryan: the godfather was Thomas Ellis. 

McDonald, Rose, born Oct. 9, 1795, of Daniel McDonald 
and Margaret Thornton ; the godmother was Mary Lambert. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 89 

Ryan, Honora, born Oct. 14, 1795, of Cornelius Ryan and 
jane Mason; the sponsors were John Keating and Mary 
Neil]. 

Sraollen, Bridget, born Oct. 14, 1795, of Michael Smollen 
and EHzabeth Day; the sponsors were Joseph Collins and 
Ann Walsh. 

Darby, John, born Oct. 22, 1795, of Michael Darby and 
Hannah Carvel; the godfather was Laurence Higgins. 

Conry, Ann, born Nov. 3 1795, of John Conry and Ann 
Watson; the sponsors were John Brown , 

Halpin, Benjamin, born Nov. 6, 1795, of Thomas and 
Mary Halpin; the sponsors were John HaJpin and Esther 
Halpin. 

Mackin. Thomas, bom Nov. 7, 1795, of Neale Mackin and 
Bridget McCormick; the sponsors were John Tiernan and 
Frances Hill. 

Forrester, Mary, bom Nov. 15, 1795, of Thomas Forres- 
ter and Bridget McKennally; the godmother was Joanna 
Wilson. 

McEntire, Hugh, born Nov, 28, 1795, of Michael Mc- 
Entire and Catharine Donald; the sponsors were Charles 
Donald and Mary Flaherty. 

Lory, John Michael, bom Nov. 30, 1795, of Francis Lory 
and Sarah Colgan; the sponsors were Anthony Trepan and 
Ann Mary Silva. 

Hughes, John, born Dec. 22, 1795. of Henry Hughes and 
Mary Hughes; godfather, John Hughe-;. 

Connell, WiHiam, born Dec, 23, 1795, of John Connell and 
Mary Finn; the sponsors were Daniel Coghlan and Martha 
Croat. 

Dogherty, Charles, bom Jan. i, 1796, of Henry Dogherty 
and Margaret McGrane; the sponsors, Thomas Farry, 
Joseph Varty and Margaret Scott. 

[Father McGean says in a footnote, referring to this entry 
in the records that as only two sponsors, one male and one 
female, are permitted in baptism, the additional man must 
have assisted merely as a witness.] 

Walsh, Matthew, born Jan. 6, 1796, of Thomas Walsh 
and Bridget Walsh; sponsors, Bernard McCabe and Eliza- 
beth Rogers. 

McArdle, John, born Jan. lo, 1796. of Patrick McArdle 
and Mary Magee; godfather. Philip McArdle. 

Campion, William, born Jan. 14, 1796, of Daniel Campion 
and Mary Sullivan; sponsors, James King and Mary Ann 
King. 



90 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

McGonnally, John, bom Feb., 1796, of Neal McGonnally 
and Rose McGrane; sponsors, Lawrence Kelly, William 
Boyle, and Susan McGrane. 

Lambert, Jane Ann, born Feb. 12, 1796, of Henry Lam- 
bert and Catharine Maguire; sponsors, Joseph Rodrigue 
Silva and Ann Sylva. 

Doyle, John, born Feb. 16, 1796, of John Doyle and Cath- 
arine Haggerty; sponsors, Hugh Mount and Mary Blahne, 
[Blaney?]. 

Parsons, James, born Feb. 18, 1796, of William Parsons 
and Ann Duignan; sponsors, Bernard Kieman and Ann 
Callagfhan. 

Marhecy, James, born Feb. 24, 1 796, of Nicholas Marhecy 
and Mary McCready; sponsors, Edward Murphy and Mary 
Plunket. 

Kane, John, bom March 15, 1796, of James Kane and 
Bridget Kane; sponsors, John Kennedy and Ann Kane. 

Magrath, James, born March 24, 1796, of John Magrath 
and Rose Magrath; sponsors, Patrick McManus and Sarah 
Magraith. 

Dunbar, Peter, born April 14, 1796, of Peter Dunbar and 
Elizabeth Dunn; sponsors, James Morgan and Elizabeth 
Dunn. 

Barry, John, born April 26, 1796, of Edmund Barry and 
Catharine Barry; sponsors, Timothy Lawlor and Robert 
Wall. 

McKenna, James, born April 28, 1796, of John McKenna 
and Bridget Ferrall; sponsors, James McNaughton and 
Margaret Mason. 

Ryan, John, bom May 3, 1796, of Cornelius Ryan and 
Hannah Smyth ; sponsors, Daniel Strane and Ann Strane. 

McFarland, Bernard, born May 3, 1796, of Patrick Mc- 
Farland and Catharine Cashenbury ; sponsors, Maurice Cal- 
Hnger and Mary Callinger. 

Cashman, Mary, bom May 7, 1796, of William Cashman 
and Mary Kinun [Keenan?] ; sponsors, Thomas O'Brien 
and Catharine McLoughlin. 

O'Brien, Patrick, born May 9. 1796, of Murtagh O'Brien 
and Mary McAuly; sponsors, Hugh Adair and Mary Davis. 

Toy, Daniel, born May 15, 1796, of John Toy and Mary 
Toy; sponsor, Bridget Dogherty. 

Kelly, Letitia, bom May 19, 1796, of Loughlin Kelly and 
Letitia Egan; sponsors, Patrick O'Gorman and Mary Cor- 
coran. 



IRJSH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

McManus, James, born May 22, 1796, of Michael Mc-J 
Manus and Hannah Williamson; sponsors, Thomas Moj 
Qusky and Catharine Gorman. 

Lawrence, Stephen, born June 13, 1796, of Stephen Law-, 
rence and Ann Lawrence; sponsors, James O'Connor and! 
Ann Reilly. 

Hogan, Thomas, bom July 3. 1796, of Thomas Hogan 
and Mary Collins; sponsors, William Spred and Elizabeth 
Madden. 

Shiel, James Townshend, born July 13, 1796, of Edward 
Shiel and Sarah Duffy; sponsors, John Magrath and Martha 
Scott. 

Donovan, Jeremiah, born July 20, 1796, of Lawrence Don- 
ovan and Eleanor Byrne; sponsors, Thomas Flanagan and 
Eleanor Murphy. 

Collins, Bartholomew, born July 20, 1796, of Lawrence 
Collins and Mary Trenor; sponsors, Joseph Collins and 
Margaret Byrne. 

McLaughlin, Edmund, born Aug. 7, 1796, of Patrick Mc- 
Laughlin and Margaret Hill; sponsors, John Power and 
Eleanor Cannon. 

Reilly, John, born Aug. 15, 1796, of John Reilly and 
Elizabeth Reilly; sponsors, John McDonnell and Catharine 
Howe. 

Henry, Catharine, born Aug, 21, 1796, of David Henry 
and Mary Bow : sponsors, William O'Carhi and Eleanor 
Hogan. 

Mulhem, Ann, born Aug. 22, 1796, of John Mulhem 
and Catharine Bop; sponsors, John Mulhem and Eliza- 
beth Curran. 

Kirwan, Robert, Aug. 26, 1796, of Moses Kirwan and 
Margaret Semilan ; sponsors, Richard Newman and Anne 
Kirwan. 

Duff, Mary, born Sept. 8, 1796, of James Duff and Letitia 
Sargent ; sponsors, James Duff and Catharine Link. 

Ferguson. George, bom Sept. 22, 1796, of Robert Fer- 
guson and Lucy Carroll; sponsors, John Deery and Jane 
Deery. 

Wheelock, John, bom Sept. 24, 1796, of James Wheelock 
and Mary Ann Marony; sponsors, Neal Mackin and Mar- 
garet Kelly. 

Fitzgerald, Sarah, born Sept. 26, 1796. of William Connor 
Fitzgerald and Mary Ford : godmother, Sarah Abel. 

Buckley, Ann, born Oct. 9, 1796, of James Buckley and 



92 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Catharine Barrett; sponsors, Francis Adams and Catharine 
Barrett. 

McMuIlen, Alexander, bom Oct. 12, 1796, of Alexander 
McMullen and Cecilia Kelly; sponsors, William Kearney 
and Mary Dogherty. 

Cromlisck, Midiael, bom Oct. 14, 1796, of Bamaby Crom- 
lisck and Sarah McColgan; sponsors, Patrick Kearney and 
Sarah Mag^ath. 

McLaughlin, Eleanor, bom Oct. 25, 1796, of James Mc- 
Laughlin and Eleanor Ward; sponsors, John Galloway and 
Elizabeth Donnelly. 

Cleary, Mary, born Nov. 3, 1796, of William Qeary and 
Mary Smith; sponsors, James Walsh and Eleanor Murphy. 



CHAPTER IX. 



Great Irish Merchants of New York City in the Early Days — Hugh 
Gaine, the Famous Printer; the Wallaces, Sherbrookes, Pollocks, Con- 
stables, L}mches and Other Wealthy Captains of Industry~^Interesting 
Brief Reference to Additional Business People. 

Irish residents of New York city early became prominent 
as merchants or business men. Many of them attained the 
front rank, in their respective callings, long before the Revo- 
lution, and others soon after. They amassed large fortunes, 
for those days, and, dying, left behind them well deserved 
reputations for industry and honor. To enumerate all who 
thus attained success, would be too lengthy a task. We 
shall specially refer to but a few. 

Hugh Gaine, New York's famous pioneer printer, was 
bom in Ireland in 1726 or 1727. He was apprenticed to James 
MacGee. a printer of Belfast, and came to New York in 1745, 
" without basket or burden." Here he found employment with 
James Parker. 

In 1752 he established himself as a printer, publisher 
and bookseller, and carried on a most successful and enter- 
prising business for well-nigh half a century. 

Very soon he became an important figure in the com- 
munity. Philip Freneau, whose works Gaine published, tells 
us that he 

" dwelt in the street call'd Hanover Square 
" (You'll know where it is if you ever was there) 
" Next door to the dwelling of D. Brownjohn 
" (Who now to the drug-shop of Pluto has gone). 
" But what do I say? — who e'er came to town 
" And knew not Hugh Gaine at the Bible and Crown?" 



94 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

He established " The New York Mercury," which brought 
him fame, not always of the most enviable sort. The news- 
paper continued until the close of the Revolution. 

Gaine was one of the most resourceful of men. He added 
to his business that of paper making, offering good prices 
for the best linen rags. In his day, both in England and in 
the colonies, there seemed to be a curious affinity between 
books and patent medicines. Jc^hn Newbery of London, 
Goldsmith's friend and publisher, whom he calls in his " Vicar 
of Wakefield " " The philanthropic publisher of Saint Paul's 
Churchyard," was the owner of Dn James's Fever Powder 
and many other patent medicines, and Hugh Gaine in New 
York and Isaiah Thomas of Worcester both combined print- 
ing with patent medicine vending. But Gaine and Isaiah 
Thomas resembled each other in many other ways — ^they re- 
printed the same English books as fast as they showed any 
signs of popularity. One of Hugh Gaine's earliest publica- 
tions was a reprint of Oliver Goldsmith's renowned history 
of " Little Goody Two Shoes." 

He was public printer to the colony in 1768, and did all the 
government printing for many years. He ceased printing in 
1800, and died in 1809. He was a prominent man and an 
active and uncomprcM;jfwsing Tory. The Journals of Hugh 
Gaine, printer, edited by Paul Leicester Ford, were published 
in two volumes bj^ Dodd, Mead & Co., New York, in 1902, 
with a biography and a bibliography, and very fully illustrated. 
They form a fit and worthy moniunent to one of the most 
active and successful of our early Irish settlers. 

The Wallaces, Alexander and Hugh, both Irishmen, be- 
came very prominent merchants in New York city, and en- 
gaged largely in the Irish trade. Hugh Wallace was the 
$econd president of the New York Chamber of Commerce. 
On October 23, 1753, he thus advertises in the New York 
" Mercury " : " Just Imported, a large Assortment of Irish 
Linnens, and to be sold cheap by Hugh Wallace, at his Store 
in New-Dutch-Church Street." The following advertise- 
ment appears on July 31, 1758: " To be sold at Private Sale, 



r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY gS 



by Hugh Wallace, The Snow La Faveur, lately a French 
Privateer, with or without her Guns and Warlike Stores as 
the Purchaser pleases. If said Vessel is not sold before she 
■will be sold at Publick Vendue at the Coffee House on Tues- 
day, the 8th of August, next. Said Wallace has a large 
Parcel of Fyall Wines to dispose of wliich he will sell reason- 
ably." The same year Wallace applied for commissions for 
captains of the ship " Terrible," lo guns, and the snow 
"Montresor," also of ro guns. In 1760, Hugh Wallace 
wedded Miss Sally Low, daughter of Cornelius Low, of Rari- 
tan, N. J. He was made a member of the King's Council, of 
Xew York, and held the office until the downfall of British 
power in New York. 

About 1760, there came to this country Henry Dawson, 
a native of Dublin, Ireland. He had been a major in the 
British army. His first wife was a Miss Coombs, of Jamaica, 
L. L She dying, he married a sister of Gen. Jacob Morton. 
Dawson was clerk of the Common Council of New York 
city for twenty-six years- He must have been a man of con- 
siderable property, for " he kept a pack of hunting dogs " 
and seems to have had ample means to enjoy life. He resided 
at one time in Brooklyn, and died in 1808. His son. Henry 
Dawson, Jr., was born in Jamaica, L. I., 1771, and married 
a niece of the Quaker preacher Ehas Hicks. Henry, Jr., was 
also of sportsman proclivities, and it was. said of him that 
" he had not a bone in his body, which had not, at one time or 
another, been broken " by accidents while engaged in hunt- 
ing or other sports. 

Acheson Thompson, of New York city, was engaged in 
the Irish trade as early as 1764. It is assumed that he was 
an Irishman. He sent vessels and cargoes to Ireland, and 
imported Irish beef, Hnens and other articles. He had a 
store near Burling slip, and later formed a partnership 
with Robert Alexander, Thompson was elected a member 
of the New York Chamber of Commerce in 1768. The firm 
of Thompson & Alexander, known during the Revolution as 
Robert Alexander & Co., had an office at 917 Water street. 



96 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Their business was largely in provisions, chiefly Iris^h beef, 
etc. They also dealt in wines. April i6, 1783, Alexander 
was appointed by Gen. Carleton one of five commissioners to 
act as a board for settling all matters of debt, case, or ac- 
counts of the value of ten pounds and upwards, contracted 
by any of the inhabitants of New York since Nov. i, 1776. 
He was in business in Augusta, Ga., in 1800. Joseph Alex- 
ander, who may have been related to him, was secretary of 
the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick in 1827. 

Speaking of New York merchants about 1768, James 
Grant Wilson's " Memorial History of the City of New 
York" says : " Verplanck and Van Dam were New York 
born, but of Dutch origin; Desbrosses represented the 
French Huguenot element; Cruger, Walton, Alsop, and Low 
were of English descent ; Bache was English, born in York- 
shire; Livingston was of Scotch lineage; the Wallaces and 
Sherbrookes were of Irish stock, probably Irish born. They 
were a courtly company, as their portraits show, richly 
dressed, without undue extravagance ; and while cheerful or 
jovial over their ale, or punch, and their pipes, which were 
the customary accompaniment of their sage meditations at 
their evening sessions over the needs of trade, they were 
dignified and sedate." 

Miles Sherbrooke, to whom allusion is above made, was 
one of the founders of the New York Chamber of Commerce, 
1768. He was of the firm. Perry, Hays & Sherbrooke, auc- 
tioneers. He was a member of the Committee of Corre- 
spondence, in 1774, and carried on business in New York 
city during the Revolution. A portion of the time he resided 
at Flatbush, and in 1790 was living at 9 Whitehall street. 
New York. 

The Mulligans were also, at one time, prominent in New 
York. Hercules Mulligan was a merchant tailor located at 
23 Queen (Pearl) street. He later resided where the Astor 
House now stands. During the Revolution he was one of 
the Sons of Liberty. He had two boys, John W. and William 
C, both of whom became lawyers. John W. was born about 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY yj , 

1769, and was admitted attorney in the State Supreme Court, 
May 4, 1795. He was county surrogate in 1810. He had 
some years previously been secretary for Baron Steuben. 
An extract from the will of the baron reads: "To John W. 
Mulligan I bequeath the whole of my library, maps, and 
charts and the sum of 2500 dollars to complete it." William 
C Mulligan. John W.'s brother, was in active life as late as 
1833, and was then residing at 118 Chambers street, New 
York. 

Among the members of the New York Friendly Sons of 
St. Patrick, in 1784. was Oliver Templeton. He was at one 
time of the firm. Templeton & Stewart, vendue masters or 
auctioneers, and is described as " an old merchant of New 
York." His advertisements appear as early as 1764. In 
the New York "' Gazette." June 13, 1774, it is stated that 
" Last week Mr. Oliver Templeton was married by the Rev. 
Dr. Cooper. President of King's College, to Miss Betty 
Brownjohn, daughter of Mr. William Brownjohn, an eminent 
druggist in this city." Templeton died in 1792. 

We now come to the Pollocks, a prominent Irish family of 
New York. There were three brothers — Carlisle, Hugh, 
and George. Their uncle, Oliver Pollock, preceded them to 
this country and espoused the patriot cause. Carlisle Pol- 
lock, one of the three brothers just mentioned, was a mem- 
ber of the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick as early as 
1784. George Pollock, another of the brothers, was Presi- 
dent of the Friendly Sons, in 1796. 

Carlisle Pollock is mentioned in the New York City Di- 
rectory, 1795, as a merchant at 11 Whitehall street. In the 
Directory for 1806 he appears as a " merchant. No. 54 Green- 
wich street." Among his possessions was real estate at 
Bloomingdale, overiooking the Hudson. Valentine's " Man- 
ual " for 1855 indicates Carlisle as having been one of New 
York's wealthiest residents about 1795. sixty years previ- 
ously. Carlisle Pollock had a sister, Mrs. Betsy Hartigan, 
whose portrait was painted by Gilbert Stuart. The painting 
is. or was recently, displayed in the Metropolitan Museum of 



4 



98 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Art, New York. Mrs. Haitigan was a famous belle in the 
Irish capital during the latter half of the eighteenth century. 
Her husband, Dr. Hartigan, occupied a prominent position 
in Trinity College, Dublin. Carlisle Pollock was for a num- 
ber of years a member of the Council of the Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick, New York. 

George Pollock, brother of Carlisle, wedded Catherine 
Yates. The ceremony, according to the records of Trinity 
Church, New York, took place March 17, 1787. In the New 
York City Directory, 1795, George is given as a " merchant, 
at No. 91 Water street." The Directory for 1801 has this 
reference to him : " House, No. 26 Whitehall street ; store, 
No. 95 Front street." The New York Directory for 1795 
also contains the entry : " George and Hugh Pollock, mer- 
chants, Gouverneur's lane, Water street." In January, 1800, 
George Pollock conveyed a parcel of land at Bloomingdale 
to Cornelia Verplanck, widow of Gulian Verplanck, tjie site 
being now included in Riverside Park. An advertisement, in 
1786, states that " George Pollock has received by the last 
ships a complete assortment of Irish linens, for sale at his 
store 193 Water street." 

About 1784-5, the firm of Patrick Hart & Company was 
in business at 1 1 Queen street. New York. They annotmced 
" London consignments of taboreens, rattinetts, black and 
colored callimancoes, checks, jeans, thread and silk hose, 
Irish linens of all prices, shoes with common and French 
heels," and other articles. 

In 1786, Michael Connolly embarked in the lumber busi- 
ness, in New York city, with Ebenezer Stevens. The firm 
was known as Stevens & Connolly, and conducted business 
at 78 Water street. Stevens was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, and was one of the founders of the Tammany Society. 
Stevens & Connolly continued in business until April, 1789. 

Patrick McDavitt was of the firm Fargie & McDavitt, 
New York, vendue masters. The firm dissolved in 1766. In 
1 77 1, McDavitt had a store near the Fly Market, and was 
then engaged in the importation of English and India goods. 




r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 99 



He became a member of the New York Chamber of Com- 
merce in 1779. He remained in the city during the Revo- 
lation and carried on an auction business in Queen street. 

Thomas Eddy, who was of Irish parentage, was a native 
of Philadelphia, Pa., born 1728. His father was engaged in 
the shipping business, and died in 1766. Thomas, the son, 
came to New York city in 1779, and at first resided at 57 
Wall street. He became a member of a firm which included 
his brother Charles, and Benjamin Sykes. The latter was 
an EngUshman. The firm was known as Eddy, Sykes & Co. 
They traded with Cork, Belfast and other parts. The Eddys 
had a brother in Philadelphia, named George, Says Barrett : 
" They made a splendid thing after Lord Cornwallis sur- 
rendered at Yorktown. by agreeing to supply him and the 
British and other foreign troops, who had becTi captured, 
with money. This was done with the consent and approba- 
tion of General Washington. * • « George Eddy, the 
brother in Philadelphia, drew drafts on Eddy, Sykes & Co. in 
New York, These drafts he got cashed, and paid the pro- 
ceeds over to the paymaster of the British forces for use 
among the British- prisoners at Lancaster, Pa. Drafts on 
the British paymaster in New York were put into the hands 
of George Eddy, who remitted the same to Eddy, Sykes & 
Co. On these transactions, amounting to millions of dollars. 
Sir Henry Clinton, the British commander, paid them six 
per cent, commission." The Eddys were a Quaker family, 
including its founder here, the Irishman. 

Daniel McCormick, who is generally considered the 
founder of the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 
though William Constable may have an equal claim to the 
honor, was an Irish Presbyterian, He came to this country 
prior to the Revolution, and was a member of the New York 
firm, Moore, Lynsen & Co., auctioneers. Subsequently, he 
engaged in the same business by himself. He had a vendue 
store on Wall street, and was a member of the First Presby- 
terian church. He was an alderman in 1789-1790, represent- 
ing the East ward. He engaged in extensive land specula- 



lOO IRJSH'AMiERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

tions, with Alexander Macomb and William Constable. He 
was a bachelor, and was noted for his hospitality and '' strict 
religious principles." As eariy as 1786, he is mentioned as 
Grand Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted 
Masons, of New York. Barrett's ** Old Merdiants of New 
York " declares that " Mr. McCormick was a glorious 
example of the old New Yorker," and "stuck to short 
breeches and white stockings and buckles to the last." He 
was a great entertainer, " gave good dinner parties and had 
choice old wines upon the table." He is also referred to as 
" one of the most polished gentlemen of the city." He died 
in New York, Jan. 31, 1834, and " was the last occupant of 
a first-class dwelling on Wall street, since wholly devoted to 
business.'* 

A very prominent Irishman of New York was William 
Constable. He was bom in Dublin, 1752, and was educated 
at Trinity College, that city. Coming to America, he be- 
came active in the patriot cause, and was, at one time, an aide 
to Lafayette. He founded a commercial house in Philadel- 
phia, and a branch of the same at Charleston, S. C. Associ- 
ated with him was James Seagrove. They engaged largely 
in the West India trade. In 1782, Constable wedded Ann 
Townsend, who had been a schoolmate of Gen. Washing- 
ton's wife. In 1784, Constable removed to New York city, 
and established the firm Constable, Rucker & Co., which 
was succeeded by Constable & Co. In this latter firm he had 
as partners Gouverneur Morris and Robert Morris. The two 
latter each contributed £50,000 to the capital of the firm. 
The firm engaged in the India and China trade, and also did 
an extensive financial business. William Constable's brother, 
James, was associated with him at one period. William had 
been a member of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Phila- 
delphia, and was president of the Friendly Sons of St. Pat- 
rick, New York city, 1 789-1 790 and in 1795. He erected 
and, for a number of years, conducted a flouring mill at Yon- 
kers, N. Y., subsequently disposing of the same for $65,000. 
He at one time resided on Great Dock street, New York, and 




again on Wall street, and later on the site of the Astor House. 
He had a homestead at Bloomingdale. He engaged in sev- 
eral huge land speculations. One of these, in which he 
was associated with Alexander Macomb and others, is re- 
ferred to in another chapter. When the Duke of Orleans 
was a fugitive in this country, about 1797, Constable loaned 
him $1,000, the same being repaid by Louis Philippe. Con- 
stable died in 1803. and was interred in St. Paul's church- 
yard, New York city. His father, John Constable, a physi- 
cian, died in New York in April, 1785. 

Alexander Macomb, who became very prominent in New 
York business circles, was bom in Ireland, 1748, and died at 
Georgetown. D. C, 1832. He came to this country in his 
youth, subsequently engaged in the fur business at Detroit, 
and was associated with John Jacob Astor, Elias Kane and 
various other people of note. He removed to New York city, 
and engaged in the shipping business and land speculation. 
He purchased great tracts of land in New York, North Caro- 
lina, Georgia, and Kentucky. In 1786, he built a mansion on 
the west side of Broadway, New York city. It must have 
been an imposing structure for those days. A work descrip- 
tive of New York city states that " The most noteworthy 
buildings on Broadway, in 1789, were St. Paul's Chapel, the 
City Tavern, Trinity Church, the Macomb mansion, and the 
Kennedy mansion." The Macomb mansion was, in 1790, 
occupied by Washington. In after years, it was made a 
part of Bunker's Hotel, 39 Broadway. In 1791, Alexander 
Macomb was president of the New York Friendly Sons of 
St. Patrick. 

Many interesting facts are stated in the New York City 
Directory for 1786. This directory was published by David 
Franks and printed by Shepard Kollock, corner of Wall and 
Water streets. Franks was a conveyancer and an accountant 
at 66 Broadway. In an advertisement he states, " Mr. 
Franks having served a regular apprenticeship to his father, a 
very eminent attorney in Dublin, and having, besides, trans- 
acted business, for some years, for Councellor Franklin of 



i 



I02 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



said city, be hopes, will entitle tiim to the countenance of the 
Gentlemen of the Law Department in this metropolis; to 
merit whose esteem and approbation will be his particular 
study, — he will thankfully receive business from them on the 
most reasonable terms. N. B. To prevent complaints, gen- 
erally arising from employing unexperienced clerks, Mr. 
Franks has lately engaged a young man from Dublin, of un- 
exceptionable abilities." Among the names that appear in 
this 1786 directory are the following: 



Bym, William, Esq., 36 

George st. 
Burke, G., grocer, 161 Water. 
Boyd, James, grocer, 2 Pearl. 
Bums, John, merchant, 2 Fly 

Market. 
O'Bryans, Capt., 11 Browne- 

john's wharf. 
Costigin, Johnson, tavern 

keeper, Lower Battery. 
Christie, James, earthenware 

and glass merchant, 12 

Maiden Lane. 
Cochran, John, Doctor, 96 

Broadway. 
Colles, Christopher, fig-blue 

manufacturer &c., 2 Lower 

Battery. 
Connelly, , tavern keeper, 

27 George. 
Daly, Mrs., shop keeper, 

Broadway. 
Fleming, John, auctioneer, 

54 Smith. 
Gaine, Hugh, book seller, etc., 

36 Hanover Sq. 
Gaine, R. John, book seller, 

44 Hanover Sq. 
Gillespie, Jas. & Tho., mer- 
chants, 15 William. 
Gilchrist, John, Doctor, 66 

Cherry. 



Hicks, John, Doctor, 47 Nas- 
sau. 
Kennedy, Henry, inn keeper, 

13 George. 

Keating, John, merchant. 
Queen. 

Kelly, M., inn keeper, 137 
Water. 

Keating, Charles, 15 New 
Dock St. 

Lomesny, James, 34 George. 

Leary, D., tailor, 169 Water. 

Leary, Wm., grocer, 182 
Water. 

Lynch, Dominick, 9 Prin- 
cess. 

Leary, Joseph, chocolate 
maker, 15 Broad. 

Mead, James, merchant, 17 
Roosevelt. 

Moore, B., tobacconist, 45 
John. 

Moore, Richard, Doctor, 229 
Queen. 

Mahon, William, & Co., mer- 
chants, 159 Queen. 

Mooney, Wm., upholsterer, 

14 Nassau. 

Murphy, Mary, tavern keeper, 

57 Maiden Lane. 
Mulheran, Richard, merchant, 

87 Water. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 10$ 

Morrison, John, dyer, 91 Shea, George, merchant, I 

Water, Hunter's Quay. 

Mitchell, David, earthenware Shea, Patrick, livery stables, 

merchant. 27 Fly Market. 5 George. 

Mooney. B., hatter, 43 Wil- Stewart, Alex., merchant, Ii 

liam. Duke. 

M'Evers, Geo., merchant, 7 Stewart, J., 4 Duke. 

Hanover Sq. Walsh, Hugh, chandler, 50 

Reilev. Robert, shoe maker, 5 King. 

L. Queen 

An especially prominent merchant of New York city was 
Dominick Lynch, He was bom in Galway, Ireland, in 1754, 
and married his cousin, Jane Lynch, a native of Dublin. He 
and his wife removed to Bruges, in Flanders, where he es- 
tablished a commercial house, a branch of his father's in 
Galway. Dominick amassed a handsome fortune in Bruges, 
and three of his children were born there. While residing" 
in Bruges, he and Don Thomas Stoughton, who had com- 
mercial relations with Spain, formed a co-partnership to en- 
gage in business in America. The articles of co-partnership 
were dated March 10, 1783. The capital agreed upon was 
£7,500. Lynch furnished £5.000 of the amount, and Stough- 
lon £2,000. In accordance with the agreement, Stoughton 
came to New York city and opened the business house of 
Lynch & Stoughton. Lynch arrived in New York, June 20, 
1785. Mr. and Mrs. Lynch, their three children, and a 
number of servants, went to reside with Stoughton, who 
was a bachelor. Stoughton was later made Spanish consul 
at New York. Eventually, differences arose between the part- 
ners, the firm was dissolved, and each sued the other. These 
two suits in chancery — Lynch vs. Stoughton and Stoughton 
vs. Lynch — were tried before Qiancellor Kent, and after pend- 
ing for over twenty years were finally decided against Lynch. 

After the dissolution of the firm. Lynch retired in afflu- 
ent circumstances, largely owing to the wealth he had ac- 
quired in Bruges. It was said of him in New York that " he 
dispensed a bountiful and refined hospitality." He was an 
earnest Catholic, gave liberally of his means to forward 



I04 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

church work, and was one of the representative men who 
signed the " Catholic Address " to George Washington. 
Upon his arrival in New York he brought a large amount 
of specie with him, and it is said that the advent of a man with 
such substantial financial resources created quite a stir. He 
was at one time offered, for what would to-day be consid- 
ered a ridiculously small sum, a farm of twenty acres near 
City Hall, New York. He declined the offer, but with the 
same amount of money bought 697 acres near Fort Stanwix 
on the Mohawk river. Before the year 1800 he had in- 
creased his holding there to about 2,000 acres. As early as 
1796 he had laid out the property in village lots, and called 
the place Lynchville. Later he changed the name to Rome. 
Between 1800 and 1820 he built a woollen mill, a cotton 
factory and a sawmill there. In 1797 he purchased an estate 
in Westchester County, N. Y., bordering Long Island 
Sound. Here he built a magnificent stone residence, where 
he spent the remainder of his life. He continued to dis- 
pense " munificent hospitality, took a leading part in the 
social events of the metropolis, and manifested to the end 
a zealous and active [spirit] in the growth of the Catholic 
church in New York." He died in 1825, and his widow in 
1849. Their children became allied with many of the old 
families of New York and Pennsylvania. 

James Lynch, the oldest of the children, resided in Rome, 
N. Y., was a member of the state legislature for several 
years, and was later a judge of the Marine, now City, Court 
of New York. Dominick Lynch, Jr., the second son, was 
spoken of as " the most fashionable man in New York." He 
resided on Greenwich street, "opposite the Battery," and 
made quite a reputation as proprietor of Lyndi's Chateau 
Margeaux, Lynch's Sauterne, and Lynch's Lucca Oil. He 
" coined money and spent it with the freedom of a prince," 
and " went into the best society." He " was a Catholic as 
his father had been," and died in 1844. Speaking of the 
Lynchs and others, Barrett, in his " Old Merchants of New 
York," says that these Irish families were " the cream of the 
cream of the old families here." 



IRISH-AMERICAS HISTORICAL MISCELLANY lOJ 

Two Other Irishmen who obtained prominence in New 
York city were the brothers John and Nathan McVickar. 
John arrived in New York when he was but 17 years of age, 
and became a successful merchant. He sent to Ireland for 
his brother, and the firm became John & Nathan McVickar, 
and was later styled John McVickar & Co. In 1793, John 
was made a director of the Bank of New York, and continued 
as sudi until 1810. He was hkewise a director of the United 
Insurance Co., and a vestryman of Trinity church. He had 
a country seat at Bloomingdale and was " one of the most 
sterling men in the city." John McVickar & Co. " were the 
heaviest importers of Irish linens into the New York mar- 
ket." John was a member of the New York Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick as early as 1790. and had a son, John, who 
became a professor in Columbia College. Nathan McVickar 
was secretary of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New York, 
1812-1814, 1815-1816. 

In the New York City Directory for 1791 appear the fol- 
lowing names; 

Burke, Rev. Nicholas, Pastor of St. Peter's church, 

Burke, Aiidrew, sailing master, 61 Fair. 

Byrne. Bernard, merchant, 39 King. 

Byrne, James, gold and silver smith, 33 Fly Market. 

Byrne, Edmund, tailor, g Hague. 

Gut, Andrew, mason, Barclay, 

Cavenaugh, Thomas, grocer, corner of Wall and Front. 

Connoly, William, car man, Cortlandt. 

Connoiy, James, shoe maker, 22 Murray. 

Conry, Thomas, cabinet maker, 25 Fair. 

Gaine, Hugh, book seller, stationer and printer, 25 Han- 
over Sq. 

Lynch, Patrick, grocer, 24 Cherry. 

Lynch, Francis, baker, 17 Prince. 

Lynch, Mark, cooper, Catharine. 

M'Carty, Charles, grocer, comer Cherry and Roosevelt. 

M'Carty, Mrs. Mary, boarding house, comer of Great 
Ceorge and Robinson. 

M'Carty, Archibald, tailor, 40 George. 

M'Connell, Patrick, ship carpenter, 8 Dover. 

M'Cormick, Andrew, mariner, Barclay. 



1 



Io6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

M'Cready, Thomas, house carpenter, 30 Broad. 

M'Cready, James, Jr., tailor, comer Burling Slip and Water* 

M'Cready, James, shoe maker, 56 King. 

M'Darmutt, Robert, house carpenter, 106 Queen. 

M'Guire, Matthew, car man, 43 Roosevelt. 

M'Gowan, Patrick, mason, 42 Chatham. 

O'Brian, Timothy, painter and glazier, 67 Little Dock. 

O'Brian, John, sailing master, 37 Golden Hill. 

O'Connor, James, school master, 2 Dover. 

O'Connor, John, tavern keeper, corner Barclay and Great 
George. 

O'Leary, Daniel, shoe maker, 38 Maiden Lane. 

Murphey, Thomas, tavern keeper, comer of Murray anil 
Greenwich. 

Murphey, John, coachman, i Barclay. 

Sullivan, John, grocer, corner of Moore and Little Dock. 

Tobin, Francis, grocer, 30 Wall. 

Tobin, Thomas, grocer, 24 Cherry. 

John W. Keamy was born near Newark, N. J., in 17761 
His father was a wealthy Irishman. John was in the employ 
of Le Roy, Bayard & Co., New York city, between 1790 and 
1800, and went into business with his brother in 1803, ^^^ 
firm being known as John W. & Philip Keamy. They did a 
very large business, sold merchandise on commission, and 
engaged with the West Indies and with Antwerp. They 
owned a number of ships, and were among the leading busi- 
ness men of New York. Napoleon, by his Berlin and Milan 
decrees, interfered with their European trade to the extent 
of $150,000. They subsequently received restitution to the 
amount of $18,000. Barrett says: "I remember the old 
Kearny merchants very well. Splendid looking men they 
were * * * . John and Philip resembled each other very 
much." Gen. Kearny and Commodore Keamy were of this 
family stock. 

John Haggerty, who attained prominence as a New York 
business man, was bom in 1773, and embarked in business 
on his own account, in 1797, at 82 William street. In 1802^ 
he married Maria Allaire. In 1805, ^^ removed his business 
— dry goods — to 169 Pearl street. The following year he 



IRIS HAM ERIC AN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 107 

took David Austen into partnership, Mr. Haggerty's mer- 
cantile transactions were very extensive. " He advanced 
money," says Barrett, " on cargoes from China, the West 
Indies, Europe, or any part of the world. It would require 
pages to enumerate the time and the names of the corpora- 
tions that honored his name. He was one of the best judges 
of commercial responsibiUty in the city. His firm — Hag- 
gerty & Austen—" did the largest auction business in the 
city or in the United States. In 1830, alone, the firm paid 
auction duties of $56,199.92. About 1836, Mr, Haggerty 
organized the firm of John Haggerty & Sons, the old firm 
of Haggerty & Austen having been dissolved. In 1845-6, 
Mr. Haggerty was estimated to be a millionaire. He had 
retired from business in 1844. 

The " white marble palace " of William Edgar stood at 7 
Greenwich street. Edgar was a member of the New York 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick as early as 1790. In 1797, he 
resided at 7 Wall street. He was a prominent merchant, a 
director of the Mutual Insurance Co., in 1793, and a director 
of the Bank of New York. H. L. Edgar, believed to be a 
brother of this William, is described as the " son of an Irish- 
man," and was, in 1845-6, estimated to be worth $150,000. 

John Glover, an Irishman, came to this country sometime 
previous to 1793, and engaged, at first, in business as a ped- 
dler. He was industrious and saving. Witli about $100 he 
purchased land on Laurens street. New York, the value of 
which, in 1845, was said to be nearer $1,000,000 than $100. 
Glover was still living in 1845, and was then estimated to be 
worth $300,000. One of his daughters married John Adams 
of New York, an Irishman, and president of the Fulton 
bank. Glover was a member of the New York Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick. 

Cornelius Heeney, a prominent merchant of New York, 
was in the fur business, in 1801, and perhaps earlier, on 
Water street. He was a man of great public spirit, and a 
liberal contributor to charitable undertakings. He was a 
member of the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick as 



Xo8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

early as 1804, and in 1808 was a member of tSie Standing 
Committee of the Hibernian Provident Society, New York. 
He represented his district several terms in the State Legis- 
lature, and was a trustee of St. Peter's church. New York 
city, and of the Cathedral. 

An especially prominent Irish merchant in New Yoric, 
after the Revolution, was Michael Hogan. He was a native 
of the County Clare, Ireland, and was bom in 1766. He 
became a sea captain, sailed to all quarters of the globe, and 
married an East India lady of great wealth. He came to 
New York in 1804, bringing his wife with him. One ac- 
count states that he also brouglit '' in solid gold sovereigns 
£400,000, equal to $2,000,000." Whatever the sum, it is 
agreed to have been a very large one. He embarked in the 
dry goods trade at 225 Broadway, on the present site of the 
Astor House. He was later engaged in a general commis- 
sion and shipping business. He became owner of the whole 
tract of land from 121st to 127th street, and west of Bloom- 
ingdale Road. The southern part of his property he styled 
" Monte Alta," and the northern portion " Claremont," the 
latter name being doubtless intended to commemorate his 
native county — Clare — in Ireland. Grant's mausoleum now 
stands on a portion of the property. Hogan is recorded 
as giving " the grandest dinners that ever were given in this 
city," entertaining many distinguished people. He is spoken 
of as '' the perfect Irish host and gentleman." He had one 
son and three daughters. The son became a member of 
Congress. Michael, the father, was appointed United States 
Consul to Valparaiso. He died at Washington, D. C, in 
1833. A tablet to his memory may be seen in Grace church, 
Broadway, New York. A grand-daugliter wedded Effing- 
ham N. Lawrence. 

Tiebout & O'Brien, printers, were in business in New 
York, in 1795, at 358 Pearl street. In a " List of Houses 
and Lots Valued at £2,000 and Over," in New York, 1799, 
appear the names: Dominick Lynch, Broadway, £3,000; 
Alexander Macomb, Broadway (two pieces of property). 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



109. 



3; Thomas Roach, Pearl street, £2,500, and Andrew 
cU, Pearl street, £2,000. 

3rew Morris, a prominent New Yorker, was an early 
e oE St. Peter's Catholic church. He had a son, 
as, bom in April, 1791. The church records show that 
ch of two occasions Andrew, the father, contributed 
J in aid of the church. In 1816, he was elected to the 
Assembly. 

* following named were residents of New York city 
date mentioned in each case. Some of them have al- 
been referred to, A number became prominent in 
;ss circles: 



, George, 1739. 
;, Solomon, 1729. 
ibell, James, 1735. 
on, Andrew, 1755. 
n, Peter 1737. 
John, 1734. 
ford, Patrick, 1702-3. 
ligan, William, 1750-: 
. David, 1735. 
jid, Henry, 1714. 
ley, Thomas, 1710, 
ng, John, 1758. 
, John, 1716-17. 

White, 



Lane, William, 1738. 

Lynch, Peter, 1734. 

Maguire, Matthew, 1738. 

Maxwell, James, 1711-12. 

Moore, John, 1730, 

Murphy, Nicholas, 1738. 

Murray, Joseph, 1728. 
[. Redding, Jeremiah, 1738. 

Scandling, Patrick, 1738. 

Sloan, Andrew, 1737. 

Smith, Patrick, 1738. 

Ward, Joseph, 1735. 

Warren, Peter, 1731. 
Peter, 1735. 



CHAPTER X. 

New York City During the Revolution — ^A Glance at the British Oc- 
cupancy — ^Thousands of Men of Irish Blood Serve in the Patriot Forces 
of the State — Interesting Lists of Officers and Men — ^Thc Story of a 
Mutiny. 

Sympathizers with the American Colonists were not want- 
ing in England at the time that the Revolution was brewing : 
Lord Chatham's famous peroration : " Let affection be the 
only bond of coercion. The system I would earnestly ex- 
hort Great Britain to adopt in relation to America is happily 
expressed in the words of a favorite poet : 

" Be to her faults a little blind; 
Be to her virtues very kind : 
Let all her ways be unconfin'd. 
And clap your padlock on your mind. 

— Prior. 

" Upon the whole, I will beg leave to tell the House in a 
few words what is really my opinion. It is, that the Stamp 
Act be repealed absolutely, totally and immediately " is familiar 
to every American schoolboy, and not less familiar is the 
never-to-be-forgotten speech of the immortal Burke on Con- 
ciliation with America, in which he pleads so eloquently for 
Peace. " Not Peace through the medium of war; not Peace 
to be hunted through the labyrinth of intricate and endless 
negotiations; not Peace to arise out of universal discord fo- 
mented from principle in all parts of the Empire; not Peace 
to depend on the * * * determination of perplexing ques- 
tions : or the precise marking the shadowy boundaries of a 
complex government. It is simple Peace ; sought in its natu- 
ral course, and its ordinary haunts. It is Peace sought in the 
spirit of Peace : and laid in principles purely pacific," 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY III 

But these wise counsels did not prevail. Ignorance and 
obstinacy carried the day and the Revolution had to come. 

When it came. New York city was a British stronghold 
and was not evacuated by the enemy until 1783. There were, 
of course, many in the city who were entirely in sympathy 
with the struggle for independence. But the dominant class 
was British and anti-American. That there were some 
Irish among this class is not to be wondered at. Hugh 
Gaine, the printer, was a notable example. The Revolution 
had, in many cases, divided families into opposing sides. 
Thousands of native Americans enlisted in the service of 
the Crown, and vigorously fought against the patriot cause. 
Under such conditions, therefore, we need not be surprised 
that a number of Ireland's sons were ranged beneath the flag 
of Britain. 

TTie following is a list of vessels commissioned by Tryon 
" from the port of New York, since the 8th of Septr., 1778," 
during the period of British occupancy : 

Name of Vessel. Guns. Owner or Master, 

St. Patrick 8 Wm. Gibb 

Sheelah 12 Henry McKibben 

Irish Hero 14 Michael Neil 

Hibemia 16 John Dempsey 

Prince William 18 John Healy 

Granby 18 Thomas Kennedy 

Columba 10 Richard Brady 

Gotden Pippin 10 Philip Ford 

Genl- Campbell 18 John Martin 

Neptune 14 James Neil 

Revenge 10 Anthony Stewart 

Ariel 12 Saml. DufFey 

The " Volunteers of Ireland " was a British military 
organization. In March, 1779, they were quartered at 
Jamaica, L. I., and were commanded by Lord Rawdon, an 
Irishman by birth. Vigorous efforts were made to recruit 
for the organization, but with scant success. 



ZZa IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

The " Volunteers " were paraded in New York city on 
St. Patrick's Day, 1779, and are stated to have turned out 
400 strong. Preceded by a band of music, they marched 
into the city and " formed before the house of their Colonel." 
They later dined at a point on the Bowery. The same day, 
an advertisement appeared in Rivington's " Royal Gazette/' 
soliciting recruits for the " Volunteers," one of the places at 
which applications could be made being " Lieut. Col. Doyle's 
quarters, No. 10 Wall street." 

The *' Volunteers " were not as loyal to the Crown, or 
" the cause of their King," as had been desired. Many of 
them left the British ranks and espoused the cause of the 
patriots. To such an extent did this happen, that Lord 
Rawdon quite lost his temper. He, therefore, on July i, 
1780, under authority of Cornwallis, issued an order to Major 
Rugely. In the course of this document Rawdon states : " I 
will give the inhabitants 10 guineas for the head of any de- 
serter belonging to the Volunteers of Ireland; and five 
guineas only if they bring him in alive. They shall likewise 
be rewarded though not to that amount for such deserters 
as they may secure belonging to any other regiment." 

The colony and state of New York furnished over 40,000 
men to the cause of Liberty, during the Revolution. Several 
thousand of these were of Irish birth or parentage, and 
easily offset the small number of Irish enlisted in the service 
of the Crown. Gen. Richard Montgomery, an Irishman, 
was one of the great soldiers of the Revolution, and deliv- 
ered telling blows against the British enemy. He owned 
an estate at Rhinebeck on the Hudson, and his remains re- 
pose in New York city. George Qinton, whose father was 
a native of Ireland, was a signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, and was the first governor of New York state. 
He became a brigadier-general, was elected vice-president 
of the United States, and was reelected to the position. 
George's brother, James, was colonel of the Third New York 
Regiment of the Line, and was later a brigadier-general. The 
following is a brief list of oflScers serving in New York organi- 
zations, of the patriot army, during the Revolution : 



imsH-AMERlCAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 113 

Barrett, Quartermaster James, Fourth Raiment, the Line. 
Bums, Captain Francis, Third Regiment, Ulster CoiHity 

Militia. 
Campbell, Lieutenant Patrick, Fourth Regiment, Tryon 

County Militia. 
Cannon. Captain James, the Levies (Colonel Marinus Witlett). 
Crane. Coionel Thaddeus, Fourth Regiment, Westchester 

County Militia. 
Crane, Lieutenant Cornelius, Fourth Regiment, Westchester 

County Militia. 
Crane, Lieutenant William, Fourth Regiment, the Line. 
Crane. Surgeon Joseph. Jr., Third Regiment. Dutchess County 

Militia. 
Clinton, Colonel James, Third Regiment, the Line, 
Cochran. Lieutenant-Colonel Robert, Second Regiment, the 

Line. 
Coleman, Lieutenant Timothy, the Levies (Colonel Albert 

Pawling). 
Connolly, Captain Michael, Second Regiment, the Line. 
Connor. Quartermaster Edward, the Levies (Colonel Albert 

Pawling). 
Cullin, Lieutenant Charles, Seventh Regiment, Dutchess 

County Militia. 
Dwnn, Ensign John, Colonel C. D. Wynkoop's Regiment of 

Militia. 
Fleming, Captain Peter, Second Regiment. Westchester 

Cmmty Militia. 
Gillespy, Major John, Fourth Regiment, Ulster County Militia. 
Griffin, Lieutenant Stephen, Second Regiment, the Line. 
Hicks, Captain Thomas, Twelfth Regiment, Albany County 

Militia. 
Hicks, Ensign Thomas, First Regiment, the Line. 
Hogan, Captain Jarivan, Third Regiment, Albany County 

Militia. 
Hc^n, Lieutenant Henry, First Regiment, Albany County 

Militia. 
Hughes, Captain Timothy, " Additional Regiment," the Line. 
Hughes, Major James M., the Levies (Colonel John Harper). 
Kane, Lieutenant James, Fourth Regiment, Ulster Coun^ 

Militia. 
Kelly, Ensign Zebedee. Seventh Regiment, Dutchess County 

Militia. 
Leonard, Lieutenant John, Fifth Regiment, Albany County 

Militia. 



114 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Logan, Major Samuel, Fifth Regiment, the Line. 

Lyon, Captain David, First R^ment, the Line. 

Lyon, Lieutenant James, Fourth Raiment, Ulster County 

Militia. 
Magee, Captain James, the Levies (Colonel Morris Graham). 
Magee, Lieutenant Peter, First Regiment, the Line. 
Mahoney, Ensign John, Thirteenth Regiment, Albany County 

Militia. 
Martin, Captain Daniel, Sixth Raiment, Dutchess County 

Militia. 
Martin, Lieutenant Peter, Fourteenth Regiment, Albany 

County Militia. 
Martin, Lieutenant William, Third R^ment, the Line. 
McBride, Captain James, Second Regiment, Ulster County 

Militia. 
McBride, Captain John, the Levies (Colonel Lewis Dubois). 
McClaghry, Colonel James, Second Raiment, Ulster Coimty 

Militia. 
McClaughry, Lieutenant John, Second Regiment, the Line. 
McConnell, Adjutant Hugh, the Levies (Colonel Lewis 

Dubois). 
McCracken, Major Joseph, First Regiment, the Line. 
McCreary, Ensign John, Third R^ment, Westchester County 

Militia. 
McCune, Lieutenant William, Second Regiment, the Line. 
McDonald, Quartermaster James, Second Regiment, West- 
chester County Militia. 
McManus, Lieutenant Hugh, Sixth R^ment, Albany County 

Militia. 
McRea, Colonel John, Thirteenth Regimient, Albany County 

Militia. 
Mead, Surgeon William, First Regiment, the Line. 
Moore, Ensign James, First Regiment, the Line. 
Neely, Lieutenant Matthew, Second R^ment, Ulster County 

Militia. 
O'Mara, Captain Henry, Colonel C. D. Wynkoop's Regiment 

of Militia. 
Reilay, Captain John, of Reilay's Rangers. 
Riley, Lieutenant John, Sixth Regiment, Albany County 

Militia. 
Ryan, Lieutenant Michael, First Regiment, the Line. 
Sullivan, Lieutenant Jacob, Second Regiment, Albany County 

Militia. 
Welch, Lieutenant John, Third Regiment, the Line. 
Welsh, Major Peter, the Levies (Colonel F. Weissenfels). 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 11$ 

In order to give an idea of the large number of Irish 
among the enlisted men of the New York regiments in the 
Revolution, we here quote from the rolls of three of these 
regiments — ^the First, Second and Third — of the Continental 
Line. The other regiments also contained large numbers o£ 
Irish. 



First New York Regiment of the Line. 

This regiment was commanded by Col. G. Van Schaick, 
and among the officers were Major Joseph McCracken, Sur- 
geon William Mead, Capt. David Lyon, Lieut. Peter Magee, 
and Lieut. Michael Ryan. Among the enlisted men were: 



Barnes, Patrick 
Barry, John 
Bourk, John 
Boyle, Philip 
Brady, Thomas 
Bryan, John 
Burck, Edmund 
Burk, John 
Burk, Patrick 
Burn, Daniel 
Burn, David 
Burnes, Barney 
Bumes Henry 
Bushland, Patrick 
Butler, John 
Buttler, Thomas 
Cahill, Cornelius 
Cahill, John 
Cain, Henry 
Canely, Patrick 
Cannon, Thomas 
Carmtchael, John 
Casey, James 
Casey, John 
Casey, Robert 
Cassedy, Edward 
Hanley, John 
Hart, Thomas 



Hayes, Thomas 
Hays, Stephen 
Hays, William 
Henderson. Patrick 
Higgins, Thomas 
Hogan, Patrick 
Hogan, Roger 
Hurley, Anthony 
Hurley, Arthur 
Kanely, Patrick 
Keef, Artlnir 
Keef, William 
Kelly, David 
Kelly, Hugh 
Kelly, Patrick 
Kelly, Philip 
Kennedy, Robert 
Lafferty, John 
Lane, Thomas 
Laughlin, Barnard 
Laverty, John 
Lynch, James 
Lynch, Michael 
Lynch, Owen 
Lynch, William 
Lyons, James 
McCally, Hugh 
McCarrol, Joseph 



zz6 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



McCarthy, Daniel 
McCarty, Dennis 
McCauley, James 
McCawley, Hugh 
McClane, Daniel 
McClaughlin, Bernard 
McClean, Anthony 
McClean, John 
McCloud, Daniel 
McClure, Joseph 
McCollough, Andrew 
McG>nnel, Hugh 
McConnel, William 
McConnoly, Hugh 
McCord, William 
McCormac, Bryan 
McCormic, John 
McCormick, James 
McCoy, Alexander 
McCoy, James 
McCoy, William 
McCracken, William 
McDaniel, Daniel 
McDaniel, Michael 
McDavitt, Henry 
McDermot, Cornelius 
McDonald, Daniel 
McDonald, Hugh 
McDonald, James 
McDonald, John 
McDonald, Michael 
McDonald, William 
McDonnell, James 
McDormot, Henry 
McElroy, James 
McGee, James 
McGinis, Daniel 
McGinly, James 
McGinnis, John 
McGinnis, Stephen 
McGraw, John 
McGuigan, Michael 
McKewn, James 
Mackey, John A. 



McKown, James 
McLaughlin, John 
McManes, Hugh 
McManus, William 
McQuin, Philip 
McWilliam, James 
Mahan, Patrick 
Mahon, John 
Malone, John 
Mara, Patrick 
Marony, Alexander 
Marony, Florence 
Martin, John 
Maxwell, Cornelius 
Mead, John 
Melony, John 
Mitchell, Hugh 
Montgomery, James 
Mooney, William 
Moore, Philip 
Moore, William 
Morrison, Edward 
Morrison, Hugh 
Mulholland, James 
Mullen, John 
Mulligen, Philip 
Mulony, William 
Murphey, Daniel 
Murphy, Edward 
Murray, Bartly 
Murray, James 
Murray, William 
Neal, Jereipiah 
Norton, John 
O'Brian, Andrew 
Obrine, Cornelius 
O'Bryan, John 
O'Bryan, Thomas 
O'Cain, Jeremiah 
O'Donaghy, Patrick 
OTarrel, Michael 
O'Neil, Charles 
O'Neil, James 
Orr, William 



■ IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY II7 J 


Quin, Patrick 




Sloane, Hugh 


Quinn, Witliam 




Sullivan. Cornelius 


Ragan. William 




Swaney. Daniel 


Ray, Michael 




Tobin. Edward 


Rearden, Timothy 




Tool. John 


Reily, Thomas 




Walch, Thomas 


Riley, James 




Wall. Patrick 


Rourk, Mathew 




Walsh, Edward 


Ryan, Daniel 




Walsh, John 


Ryan, Dennis 




Welch, Henry 


Ryan, J. 




Welch, John 


Ryan. Robert 




Welch, Nicholas 


Ryan, Thomas 




Welch. Richard 


Scandlin, James 




Welch, Thomas 


Scheelian, Jeremiah 




Welsh, Joseph 


Shannon, Thomas 




Welsh, William 


Sherriden, James 




Whalen. Richard 


Sherriden, Richard 




Whalin, Walter 


Second New York 


Regiment, of the Line. V 


Col. Philip Van Cortlandt 


was in 


command of this regiment. 1 


Michael Connolly was at one period paymaster. Among the J 


enlisted men were the following; : 


^ 



Barrett, Michael 
Barrett, Peter 
Bolen, Michael 
Burke, John 
Burns. James 
Callegan. John 
Cane, William 
Carrigan, William 
Carrill, David 
Casaday, Peter 
Casady, Edward 
Commons, Patrick 
Conaway, John 
Condon, David 
Conner, Daniel 
Conner, Patrick 
Conner, William 



Connolly, William 
Connor, Edward 
Connor, James 
Conway, Cornelius 
Costeloe, James 
Courtney, Francis 
Crane, John 
Cunningham, James 
Currin, Samuel 
Curry, James 
Daugherty. John 
Davis. Patrick 
Dermott, Richard 
Dority, William 
Dunivan. John 
Dunn, Alexander 
Dwyre, Thomas 



iiS 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Ennis, David 
Ennis, Peter 
Farrel, Garret 
Fitzgerald, Michael 
Fitzgerald, Thomas 
Fleming, William 
FlcKxl, Francis 
Ford, Timothy 
Foy, Patrick 
Garvey Francis 
Gibbons, John 
Gilaspie, James 
Gorman, Patrick 
Gready, Thomas 
Griffin, James 
Griffin, John 
Griffin, Joseph 
Grogan, John 
Hanley, James 
Hart, Daniel 
Harty, Christopher 
Hayes, John 
Henneysee, John 
Higgins, Thomas 
Hurly, James 
Innes, Peter 
Joyce, James 
Kanneday, John 
Keating, Robert 
Kelley, Robert 
Kelly, Bamy 
Kelly, Coenrod 
Kelly, Edmund 
Kelly, John 
Kelly, Joshua 
Kelly, Peter 
Kennady, James 
Kennedy, John 
Lacey, Philip 
Lane, John 
Lane, William 
Leary, John 
Lee, Daniel 
Lyons, Michael 



McBride, William 
McCamey, Stephen 
McCartee, Phdex 
McCarty, Isaac 
McCarty, James 
McCarty, John 
McClosky, Peter 
McClure, William 
McCoy, Daniel 
McDaniel, Michael 
McDonald, James 
McDonald, John 
McDonald, Michael 
McDonald, Peter 
McDonall, Patrick 
McGinny, James 
McGlaughlin, Neal 
McGowen, Jeremiah 
McMannus, Robert 
McNamee, Charles 
Mitchell, Martin 
Mitchell, Richard 
Molloy, John 
Moony, William 
Moore, Thomas 
Morris, John 
Morris, Matthew 
Morrisson, David 
Mullen, William 
Mullin, John 
Murray, William 
Obrien, John 
O'Niel, John 
Orr, Daniel 
Ray, James 
Reynolds, Timothy 
Riley, James 
Riley, Sylvester 
Roach, William 
Ryan, John 
Sullivan, Dennis 
Wall, Patrick 
Welch, John 
Welsh, Edward 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Third New York Regiment, of the Line. 

This regiment was commanded, successively, by Col, James 
nton and Col. Peter Gansevort. Peter Magee and Joho 
dch were lieutenams in the command. The enlisted men 
luded: 



Barrett, William 
Barrey, Charles 
Bourk, Edmond 
Bourk, John 
Brady, George 
Brady, Richard 
Brannon, Timothy 
Butler, Richard 
Cain, Edward 
Cain, John 
Carmichel. Peter 
Casady, Luke 
Cavenough, John 
Clansy, Daniel 
Colman. Timothy 
Conden, Philip 
Condon, David 
Connolly, Hngh 
Connaway, John 
Cnnnaway, Cornelius 
Cowen, James 
Davtn, Richard 
Dawson, Daniel 
Dempsey, Mark 
Doherty, Thomas 
Driskell. Cornelius 
Dunn, Stephen 
Dunnivan, Anthony 
Ennis, Henry 
Flynn, John 
Gahan, John 
Garvey, David 
Geraghty, Bartholomew 
Gillaspy. James 
Gillaspy, James J. 
Gillaspy, William 
Gillaspy, William, Jr. 



Grace, James 
Hand. Daniel 
Hart, Andrew 
Hart, Thomas 
Hickey, John 
Hogan. Patrick 
Hurley, Arthur 
Hurley, James 
Karr, Mark 
Keliey, Patrick 
Kelley. Robert 
Keliey. Thomas 
Kelly, John 
Kenny, John 
Kirk, Joseph 
Koile, David 
Lyon, John 
Lyon. Joseph 
McAnanny, John 
McAiilcy, Robert 
McBride, James 
McBride, John 
McCarty, Dennis 
McConnelly, Hugh 
McCord, William 
McCormick, James 
McCormick, Thomas 
McCoy. James 
McDaniel, James 
McDaniel, John 
McDermot, Cornelius 
McDonald, Daniel 
McFarland, John 
McGinnis, John 
McGown, Archibald 
McGuire, Abraham 
McGuire, James 



I20 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Mackey, Thomas 0'G>nnoley, James 

McKown, James Oneal, John 

McKown, John Quigley, George 

McLaughlin, William Rejmolds, Michael 

McMichael, John Riely, Charles 

McQuin, Philip Riley, John 

McVay, John Ryan, Patrick 

Madden, Owen Ryan, Robert 

Mahan, Patrick Ryley, Patrick 

Mahanne, Cain Shay, John 

Moloy, William Shields, Daniel 

Morrison, Daniel Sullivan, Dennis 

Morrison, Thomas Sullivan, John 

Morrow, Patrick Tobin, Edward 

Mulholand, James Tool, Roger 

Mullon, John Welch, John 

Murphey, Peter Welch, Richard 

Murray, James Welch, Thomas 
Obrient, John 

Reference has already been made to that gallant Irish- 
man, Gen. Montgomery. The following is a copy of the 
last letter known to have been written by him. The original 
is in the possession of the writer of these pages. The letter 
which is a request to Sir Guy Carleton, British commander of 
Quebec, to surrender, was written Dec. 30, 177^, and reads as 
follows : 

Holland House 
Sir 

Let me once more entreat you to 'have compassion on 
the unfortunate inhabitants of Quebec — to what purpose 
do you compell me to distress them? You can but protract 
for a few days that event which must inevitably in a very 
short time take place — If you possess any share of humanity, 
you will not sacrifice the lives & properties of so many inno- 
cent people to a vain punctilio — 

Embrace the opportunity I offer you of retiring in a 
manner suitable to your rank — You shall not be a Prisoner— 
You shall have a safe conduct to New York or wheresoever 
else you may chuse to embark — the Lieutenant Governor 
shall have the same indulgence — 

I engage in the most solemn manner for the security of 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY lai 

the lives & Properties of the Citizens, our dispute is not 
with them — we bear them no malice & the hopes of afford- 
ing tlwm relief, alone induce me to make these proposals — 

Should you decline the offer I now make, I hope I shall 
stand acquitted in the eyes of the world of the fatal conse- 
quences which must attend your refusal — which I have 
sufficiently explained in my former letter 

Rich'd Montgomery. 

Montgomery's daring assault on Quebec was one of the 
bravest actions of the war. But it was characteristic of the 
man. As a military genius he has been ranked as second 
only to Washington. Made a brigadier general by Congress, 
Montgomery at once began active operations. He invaded 
Canada, captured St. John, on the Sorel river; took Mon- 
treal soon afterwards, and with great energy pushed on and 
laid siege to strongly- fortified Quebec. On Dec, 9, 1775, 
Congress commissioned him a major general. He invested 
Quebec, called on Carleton to surrender and, the latter re- 
fusing, attempted to carry the city by storm. Slain in the 
effort, the success of the Americans was thus prevented. 
Had he lived, the city must have eventually fallen. Mont- 
gomery was buried at Quebec, but in 1818 his remains were 
conveyed to New York city and reinterred with great 
pomp. There was a huge military and civic parade, in 
which the leading Irish societies of New York participated. 

The following is the inscription on the monument erected 
to Montgomery at St. Paul's church, Broadway, New York 
city: 



This 
Monument is erected by order of Congress 

25th of January, 1776, 
to transmit to posterity a grateful remem- 
brance of the patriotic conduct, enterprise and 
perseverance of 
Major-General Richard Montgomery 
who, after a series of successes amid the most 
discouraging difficulties. Fell in the attack on 
Quebec, 31st of December, 1775, aged 37 years. 



122 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Annie A. Haxtun, writing of the bringing of Montgomery's 
remains from Quebec to New York, says : " Forty-three years 
after the parting from her beloved husband, Mrs. Montgomery 
sat alone at her own request, at her home on the Hudson and 
saw the wish of her life fulfilled as the steamer " Richmond " 
passed by, and all that remained of her loved and lost was 
carried to its final resting-place in St. Paul's churchyard. * Not 
a drum was heard, nor a funeral note,' as alone with her grief 
Janet Livingston Montgomery recalled the sorrow life had 
brought her, and tired nature, too weary of the strain, kindly 
gave her insensibility. When found by her friends, this tem- 
porary suspension they realized was a blessing." 

Gen. Henry Knox, of Irish parentage, was a member of 
the Boston Charitable Irish Society, and also belonged to the 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Philadelphia. Upon the British 
agreeing to evacuate New York city, Knox was assigned to 
an important part in behalf of the Americans. On Nov. 25, 
1783, he marched his men in from Harlem as far as " Bowery 
Lane." He halted at what is now the junction of Third Aj^e, 
and the Bowery. The British claiming the right of possession 
of the city until noon, Knox and his forces remained at the 
point mentioned until about i p.m. Before 3 p.m. he had 
taken control of the city and of Fort George, amid the acclama- 
tions of a great concourse. Washington located at Fraunces' 
Tavern. During the afternoon. Gov. Clinton gave a public 
dinner to the officers of the army. In the evening the city en- 
joyed a brilliant illumination. Knox was one of the founders 
of the Society of the Cincinnati. 

Mention has already been made of Charles Clinton, a 
native of Ireland, two of whose sons became brigadier- 
generals, and one of them governor of the state of New 
York. Thomas D'Arcy McGee, in his " History of the 
Irish Settlers in North America," says: "In 1729, several 
families from Longford took shipping at Dublin, with a 
Captain Rymer, for Pennsylvania. He appears to have been 
one of those brutal mariners still to be met with in the emi- 
grant trade. Although they made the coast of Virginia, 



^^m 



I IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 123 

nd saw land for several days, he would not land them, until 
e had extorted an extra payment, and his officers were in 
uch awe of him, they dare not remonstrate. At length 
e landed them at Cape Cod, whence some of them moved 
5 the banks of the Hudson. Of these was Charles Clin- 

"The Irish of New York early enlisted in the cause of 
-le Revolution, and James Clinton, in 1775. was elected 
olonel of the third regiment raised in that colony. His 
rother-in-la\v, Col. James McCiearey, commanded in the 
ime militia, and is called one of the bravest officers America 
Ein boast. The elder brother, George Clinton, after the 
eath of Montgomery, was appointed brigadier general for 
levi' York; and in 1776. with his two kinsmen, gallantly 
efended the unfinished forts on the Hudson, and held the 
lighlands against the repeated assaults of Sir H, Clinton. 
ly this check, he prevented the junction of that commander 
rith General Burgoyne, which, with General Stark's victory 
c Bennington, cut him off from either base, and compelled 
is surrender at Saratoga. — a victory which completed the 
'rencb alliance, and saved the revolutionary cause." 

In J. Corry's Life of Washington (Dublin, 1801, page 160), 
n interesting story is told of a mutiny which redounds to 
he credit of the mutineers. 

The common soldiers of that state (Pennsylvania) were 
irincipally natives of Ireland, but though not bound to 
America by the tie of birth, they had given distinguished 
roofs of their valor, on many occasions, in defence of her 
idependence. This corps had been enlisted for three years 
T during the war, the time was expired, and the privates 
isisted. that the choice of staying or going remained with 
hem, while their officers contended that the decision ought 
o be left to the State. The mutiny began in the night of 
he 1st of January, 1781, and soon became general in the 
•ennsylvania line. Upon a signal given, the insurgents 
limed out under arms, without their officers. They de- 
landed the full arrears of their pay, clothing and provisions; 



Z24 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

they had received none of the two first, and but part of the 
last and they declared their determination to quit the service, 
unless their grievances were fully redressed. Several of 
their officers were wounded, and a captain killed, in their en- 
deavors to quell the mutiny. When General Wayne, who 
commanded the troops at Morristown, presented his pistols 
as if about to fire on the mutineers, they held their bayonets 
to his breast, and exclaimed, "We love and respect you, but 
if you fire, you are a dead man; we are not going to the 
enemy ; on the contrary, if they were now to come out, you 
should see us fight under your orders with as much alacrity 
as ever; but we will be no longer amused; we are determined 
on obtaining what is our just due." The whole body then 
formed, and to the number of thirteen hundred, marched 
from MorrlSto^vn, and proceeded in good order with their 
arms and six field pieces, to Princeton. Here they elected 
officers from their own body. General Wayne sent pro- 
visions after them to prevent their plundering the country 
for subsistence; but they invaded no man's property farther 
than their immediate necessities rendered indispensable. 

Sir Henry Clinton, by confidential messengers, offered to 
take them under the protection of the British government, 
and made several proposals that were highly advantageous. 
The mutineers, however, to show their adherence to the cause 
of America, sent the British agents to General Wayne, and 
marched from Princeton to Trenton, near Philadelphia. The 
executive council of that city, sent a letter to the insurgents, 
in which they promised in the most solemn manner, to re- 
dress all their grievances. They returned a favorable answer, 
and a committee consisting of several members of the Con- 
gress met them at Trenton, where all matters were entirely 
settled to their satisfaction. President Reed offered them a 
purse of loo guineas, as a reward for their fidelity, in deliver- 
ing up the spies, but they refused to accept it, saying, that 
what they had done, was only a duty they owed their country, 
and that they neither desired, nor would receive any reward, 
but the approbation of that country, for which they had so 
often fought and bled. 



We cannot leave the Revolutionary period without quot- 
ing the excellent story told by Michael Kelly in his Reminis- 
cences, 

When Lord Guildford, the son of Lord North, was intro- 
duced to Bonaparte, the latter, darting one of his spiteful 
looks at him, said, "My Lord, your father was a very great 
man." Then turning to the marshal who had introduced 
him said sneeringly, "Was it not he who lost America for 
England? — yes, a very great man indeed." Then turning 
on his heel, he walked away. 



P 



CHAPTER XL 

The Jersey Prison Ship at the Wallabout — Many Irish among the Pa- 
triots Confined Therein — Savage Cruelties Inflicted upon the Prisoners- 
Thousands Die of Inhuman Treatment and by Disease — The Narratives 
of William Burke and Thomas Dring. 

The horrors of the " Jersey " prison ship have often been 
told. The " Jersey " and other hulks, used by the British, 
were anchored near the Wallabout, Brooklyn, N. Y. Many 
thousands of prisoners perished on these ships by cruelty 
and disease. The conduct of their captors was inhumane and 
dastardly. It is not surprising, therefore, that the mortality 
was so great. 

William Burke, a prisoner aboard the "Jersey," at one 
time, has left a record in which he states that he was confined 
on the ship fourteen months, and that he saw, among other 
cruelties, many American prisoners put to death by the bayonet 
This cruel treatment was never relaxed by the English or 
Scots, but sometimes the more himiane Hessians evinced pity 
for the unfortunate sufferers. Burke says : 

"During that period, among other cruelties which were 
committed, I have known many of the American prisoners 
put to death by the bayonet : in particular, I well recollect, 
that it was the custom on board the ship for but one 
prisoner at a time to be admitted on deck at night, besides 
the guards or sentinels. One night, while the prisoners 
were many of them assembled at the grate at the hatchway, 
for the purpose of obtaining fresh air, and waiting their turn 
to go on deck, one of the sentinels thrust his bayonet 
down among them, and in the morning twenty-five of them 
were found wounded, and stuck in the head, and dead of 
the wounds they had thus received. I further recollect that 



j 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



IJ7 



this was the case several mornings, when sometimes five, 
sometimes six, and sometimes eight or ten, were found dead 
by the same means." 

It is estimated that over ll.ooo prisoners perished, from 
all causes, aboard these ships during the Revolution. The 
dead would be carried ashore and carelessly buried in the 
sand, their bodies, in many cases, to be uncovered by return- 
ing tides. For many years after, the bones of these martyrs 
were visible along the shore. 

About 1801, John Jackson sold to the United States 
through Francis Childs, a middleman, 40 acres of the 
Wallabout for $40,000. About this time large numbers of 
Irish refugees arrived and located in New York and Brook- 
lyn. TTiey bought some land of Jackson at, or near, the 
Wallabout, the settlement being named " Vinegar Hill." 

During the summer of 1805, a Mr. Aycrigg. shocked at 
the exposed remains of the prison ship victims, made a 
contract with an Irishman residing at the Wallabout, to 
" collect ail the human bones as far as may be without 
digging." and deliver the same to him. This was done, and 
these bones were a portion of those interred in the vault 
patriotically erected by Tammany. 

Among the patriots imprisoned aboard the " Jersey " were 
a great many Irish. In 1888, the Society of Old Brooklynites 
published a pamphlet dealing with the " Jersey," and giving 
the names of several thousand persons who had been con- 
fined therein, many of whom perished. A copy of this 
pamphlet is in the possession of the New York Historical 
"Society. From that authoritative source we have compiled 
the following list of patriots, bearing Irish names, who were 
<x>niined on the " Jersey:" 

Barry, Samuel Brady, John 

Black, James Broderick, William 

Black, John Brown, Michael 

Black, Philip Brown, Patrick 

Black, Timothy Bryan, Edward 

Blake, James Bryan, John 

Boyle, John Bryan, Mathew 



128 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Bryan, William 
Buckley, Cornelius 
Buckley, Daniel 
Buckley, Francis 
Buckley, John 
Burk, Thomas 
Burke, James 
Burke, William 
Bum, William 
Bums, Edward 
Bums, John 
Butler, Daniel 
Butler, Francis 
Butler, James 
Butler, John 
Byrnes, Hugh 
Cain, David 
Cain, Thomas 
Callagham (Callaghan?), 

Bamaby 
Callaghan, Daniel 
Campbell, Philip 
Cannady, James 
Cannady, William 
Carney, Anthony 
Carney, Hugh 
Carr, William 
Carolin, Joseph 
Carrall, Robert 
Carroll, James 
Carroll, John 
Carroll, Michael 
Casey, Edward 
Casey, Richard 
Casey, William 
Christie, James 
Cochran, James 
Cogan, Thomas 
Coleman, David 
Collins, James 
Collins, John 
Collins, Joseph 
Collohan, Daniel 
Connell, John 



Connelly, John 
Conner, George 
Conner, James 
Conner, John 
Conner, Robert 
Conner, William 
Connolly, Patrick 
Connolly, Samuel 
Connor, John 
Conway, John 
Conway, Thomas 
Corrigan, Bernard 
Corrigan, John 
Cox, Joseph 
Cox, William 
Crane, Philip 
Cullen, William 
Cunningham, Bartholo- 
mew 
Cunningham, Cornelius 
Ctmningham, James 
Cunningham, Joseph 
Cunningham, William 
Curry, Anthony 
Curry, William 
Dailey, Patrick 
Daily, James 
Daily, William 
Darcey, W. 
Daunivan, William 
Delany, Edward 
Doherty, John 
Doherty, Thomas 
Donalin, Nicholas 
Donogan, John 
Dorgan, Patrick 
Dorgan, Timothy 
Dowling, Henry 
Downey, John 
Downing, Peter 
Doyle, Peter 
Doyle, William 
Dring, Thomas 
Duffy, Thomas 




IRtStl-AMBRlCAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Dunn, Peter 
Durphey. Patrick 
Dwyer, John 
Dwyer, Timothy 
Dyer, Patrick 
Fallen, Thomas 
Filler, Patrick 
Finagan. Bartholomew 
Finn, Dennis 
Finn, John 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald. Patrick 
Flinn, John 
Ford, Bartholomew 
Ford, Daniel 
Ford. Martin 
Ford, Philip 
Fox, William 
Fury, John 
Gallager, Andrew 
Gallaspie, John 
Goff. Patrick 
Grogan, John 
Griffin, Joseph 
Griffin, Peter 
Haggarty. James 
Haliahan, James 
Halley, John 
Hanagan, James 
Hanagan, Stephen 
Hand, Joseph 
Hanegan, John 
Hanes, Patrick 
Hart, Cornelius 
Hart, John 
Hayes, Jolin 
Hayes, Thomas 
Hays, Patrick 
Hensey, Patrick 
Higgins, George 
Higgins, William 
Hogan, Roger 
Hogan, Stephen 
Hughes, John 



Hughes, Joseph 
Hnghes. Peter 
Hughes, Thomas 
Jordan, John 
Jordan, Peter 
Joyce, John 
Kane, Barney 
Kane, Edward 
Kane. John 
Kane, Patrick 
Kane. Thomas 
Keliey, John 
Kelley, Michael 
Kelley, Oliver 
Kelley, Patrick 
Kelley. William 
Kelly, Hugh 
Kelly, James 
Kelly, John 
Kelly, John K. 
Kennedy, James 
Kennedy, William 
Kenney, Jdhn 
I-afferty, Dennis 
Lally, Sampson 
Lane, William 
Larkin, Thomas 
Learv. Cornelius 
Lee, Peter 
Loggard, Patrick 
Loney, Peter 
Lowery, John 
Lynch, Timothy 
Lyon, Peter 
Lyons, Daniel 
Lyons, Michael 
Macguire, Anthony 
Malone, John 
Mariarty (Moriarty), 

Timothy 
Marley, James 
Martin, Daniel 
Martin, James 
Martin, John 



I30 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Martin, Michael 
Martin, Joseph 
Martin, Philip 
Martin, Thomas 
Maxfield, Patrick 
Maxwell, James 
Maxwell, William 
McCampsey, Mathew 
McCanery, John 
McCann, Edward 
McCarty, Andrew 
McCarty, Cornelius 
McCarty, William 
McCash, John M. 
McClain, Francis 
McClanegan, James 
McClavey, Daniel 
McClemens, Patrick 
McCloskey, Patrick 
McCloud, Murphy 
McCloud, Peter 
McClure, James 
McClure, William 
McConnell, James 
McCormac, Hugh 
McCormick, James 
McCormick, John 
McCowen, William 
McCoy, George 
McCoy, Peter 
McCoy, Samuel 
McCrea, Roderick 
McCrady, John 
McCulla, Patrick 
McCullough, William 
McCullum, Patrick 
McDaniel, James 
McDaniel, John 
McDavid, John 
McDermott, William 
McDonald, John 
McDonald, William 
McDonough, Patrick 
McEvin, John 



McFall, James 
McFarland, Daniel 
McGandy, William 
McGee, John 
McGerr, James 
McGill, Arthur 
McGill, James 
McGinness, Henry 
McGinnis, James 
McGonegray, Robert 
McGoggin, John 
McGowen, James 
McHenry, Bamaby 
McKay, Patrick 
McKenney, James 
McKeon, Thbmas 
McLain, Edward 
McLaughlin, Philip 
McLaughlin, Peter 
McLayne, Daniel 
McMichal, James 
McNamee, Francis 
McNeal, John 
McNeil, James 
McNeil, William 
McQueen, William 
McQuillian, Charles 
McWaters, Samuel 
Melone, William 
Mungen, Michael 
Mitchell, Anthony 
Mitchell, James 
Mitchell, John 
Molloy, James 
Morgan, Thomas 
Montgomery, James 
Montgomery, John 
Moore, James 
Moore, Joseph 
Moore, Patrick 
Moore, Thomas 
Mooney, Hugh 
Morris, Andrew 
Morris, James 



■ IRISH-AMERICAN 


HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 131 


Morris, John 


Regan, Julian 


Muckelroy, Philip 


Reid, Hugh 


Mullen, Jacob 


Reynolds, Thomas 


Mullin, Robert 


Riley, James 


MuUin, William 


Riley, Philip 


Mulloy, Edward 


Riordan, Daniel 


Mulloy, Francis 


Roach, Joseph 


Mulloy, Silvanus 


Roach, Lawrence 


Murphy, Daniel 


Rowe, William 


Murphy, John 


Rowland, Patrick 


Murphy, Patrick 


Ryan, Frank 


Murphy. Thomas 


Ryan, Jacob 


Murray, Bryan 


Ryan, Michael 


Murray, Charles 


Ryan, Peter 


Murray, Daniel 


Ryan, Thomas 


Murray, John 


Sullivan, John 


Murray, Thomas 


Sullivan, Parks 


Murray, William 


Sweeney, John 


Neville, Francis 


Thompson, Patrick 


Neville, Michael 


Tobin, Thomas 


Norton, John 


Toy, Thomas 


Norton, Nicholas 


Tracy, Benjamin 


Norton, Peter 


Tracy, Nathaniel 


O'Brien, Cornelius 


Twoomey, Dailey 


O'Brien Edward 


Walsh, Patrick 


O'Brien, John 


Ward. Francis 



O'Bryen, William 
O'Hara, Patrick 
O'Neil, John 
Orsley, Patrick 
Power, Patrick 
Power, Stephen 
Powers, Richard 
Quinn, Samuel 
Rafferty, Patrick 
Reed, John 



Waters, Thomas 
Welch, James 
Welch, Mathew 
Welch, Robert 
Welsh, David 
Welsh, John 
Wen, Patrick 
Whelan, Michael 
Whellan, Michael 
Wilson, Patrick 



Many other Irish names could be added, but sufficient have 
een given to establish the fact that a large number of the 
ons of Erin were among those who suffered the rigors of 
le " Jersey " prison ship. 

Capt. Thomas Dring, who was a prisoner aboard the " Jer- 
!y,"tells us in his "Recollections" many startling facts about 



132 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

that terrible prison ship. He says : " Silence was a stranger 
to our dark abode. There were continual noises during the 
night. The groans of the sick and dying; the curses poured 
out by the weary and exhausted upon our inhuman keepers; 
the restlessness caused by the suflfocating heat and the con- 
fined and poisonous air, mingled with the wild and incoherent 
ravings of delirium, were the sounds which, every night, were 
raised around us in all directions." 

And another writer states that the lower hold, and the 
orlop deck, were such a terror, that no man would venture 
down into them. Dysentery, smallpox, and yellow fever 
broke out, and "while so many were sick with raging fever, 
there was a loud cry for water; but none could be had, except 
on the upper deck, and but one was allowed to ascend at a 
time. The suffering then from the rage of thirst during the 
night, was very great. Nor was it at all times safe to attempt 
to go up. Provoked by the continual cry for leave to ascend, 
when there was already one on deck, the sentry would push 
them back with his bayonet." 

Stiles in his " History of the City of Brooklyn," narrates a 
scene that took place on the " Jersey," July 4, 1782. He says: 
"A very serious conflict with the guard occurred * * * in 
consequence of the prisoners attempting to celebrate the 
day with such observances and amusements as their con- 
dition permitted. Upon going on deck in the morning, they 
displayed thirteen little national flags in a row upon the 
booms, .which were immediately torn down and trampled 
under the feet of the guard, which on that day happened to 
consist of Scotchmen. Deigning no notice of this, the pris- 
oners proceeded to amuse themselves with patriotic song^, 
speeches, and cheers, all the while avoiding whatever could 
be construed into an intentional insult of the guard ; which, 
however, at an unusually early hour in the afternoon, drove 
them below at the point of the bayonet, and closed the 
hatches. Between decks, the prisoners now continued their 
singing, etc., until about nine o'clock in the evening. An 
order to desist not having been promptly complied with^ 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 133 

the hatches were suddenly removed, and the guards de- 
scended among them, with lanterns and cutlasses in their 
hands. Then ensued a scene of terror. The helpless pris- 
oners, retreating from the hatchways as far as their crowded 
condition would permit, were followed by the guards, who 
mercilessly hacked, cut, and wounded everyone within their 
reach; and then ascending again to the upper deck, fastened 
down the hatches upon the poor victims of their cruel 
rage, leaving them to languish through the long, sultry, 
summer night, without water to cool their parched throats, 
and without lights by which they might have dressed their 
wounds. And to add to their torment, it was not until the 
middle of the next forenoon, that the prisoners were allowed 
to go on deck and slake their thirst, or to receive their ra- 
tions of food, which, that day, they were obliged to eat un- 
cooked. Ten corpses were found below on the morning which 
succeeded that memorable 4th of July and many others were 
badly wounded." 

An especially affecting incident is told regarding one 
prisoner, who died on the "Jersey": "Two young men, 
brothers, belonging to a rifle-corps, were made prisoners,and 
sent on board the ship. The elder took the fever, and, 
in a few days became delirious. One night (his end was iast 
approaching) lie became calm and sensible, and lamenting 
his hard fate, and the absence of his mother, begged for a 
little water. His brother, with tears, entreated the guard to 
give him some, but in vain. The sick youth was soon in 
his last struggles, when his brother offered the guard a 
guinea for an inch of candle, only that he might see him die. 
Even this was denied. ' Now,' said he, drying up his tears, 
' if it please God that I ever regain my liberty, I'll be a most 
bitter enemy 1 ' He regained his liberty, rejoined the army, 
and when the war ended, he had eight large, and one hun- 
dred and twenty-seven small notches on his rifle stock." 

The Pennsylvania "Packet," Sept. 4, 1781, published a 
letter from the " Jersey " which said : " We bury six, seven, 
eight, nine, ten, and eleven men in a day; we have two hun- 



134 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

dred more sick and falling sick every day." This well illus- 
trates the terrible mortality aboard the ship. 

In his " Recollections of Brookl)m and New York in 
1776," Johnson says of prisoners dying on the "Jersey": 
" It was no uncommon thing to see five or six dead bodies 
brought on shore in a single morning, when a small excava- 
tion would be dug at the foot of the hill, the bodies be thrown 
in, and a man with a shovel would cover them, by shovelling 
sand down the hill upon them. Many were buried in a 
ravine of the hill; some on the farm. The whole shore, 
from Rennie's Point to Mr. Remsen's door-yard, was a place 
of graves; as were also the slope of the hill near the house 
* * * ; the shore from Mr. Remsen's barn along the mill-pond, 
to Rapelje's, and the sandy island between the floodgates 
and the mill-dam, while a few were buried on the shore on 
the east side of the Wallabout. Thus did Death reign here^ 
from 1776 until the peace. The whole Wallabout was a 
sickly place during the war. The atmosphere seemed to be 
charged with foul air from the prison-ships, and with the 
effluvia of the dead bodies washed out of their g^ves by the 
tides. We believe that more than half of the dead buried 
on the outer side of the mill-pond, were washed out by the 
waves at high tide, during northeasterly winds. The bones 
of the dead lay exposed along the beach, drying and bleach- 
ing in the sun, and whitening the shore, till reached by the 
power of a succeeding storm ; as the agitated waters receded, 
the bones receded with them into the deep. * * * We have, 
ourselves, examined many of the skulls lying on the shore. 
From the teeth, they appeared to be the remains of men in 
the prime of life." 

" The ' Jersey * at length," declares Stiles, " became so 
crowded, and the increase of disease among the prisoners so 
rapid, that even the hospital-ships were inadequate for their 
reception. In this emergency, bunks were erected on the lar- 
board side of the upper deck of the " Jersey," for the accom- 
modation of the sick between decks. The horrors of the old 
hulk were now increased a hundred-fold. Foul air, confine- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 135 

ment, darkness, hunger, thirst, the slow poison of the 
malarious locality in which the ship was anchored, the tor- 
ments of vermin, the suffocating heat alternating with cold, 
and, above all, the almost total absence of hope, performed their 
deadly work unchecked. ' The whole ship, from her keel 
to the taffrail, was equally aflected, and contained pestilence 
sufficient to desolate a world — disease and death were 
wrought into her very timbers.' " 

" There was, indeed," Stiles remarks, "one condition upon 
which these hapless sufferers might have escaped the torture 
of this slow but certain death, and that was enlistment in the 
British service. This chance was daily offered them by the 
recruiting officers who visited the ship, but their persuasions 
and offers were almost invariably treated with contempt, and 
that, too, by men who fully expected to die where they were. 
In spite of untold physical sufferings, which might well have 
shaken the resolution of the strongest ; in spite of the insinua- 
tions of the Britisli that they were neglected by their govern- 
ment — insinuations which seemed to be corroborated by the 
very facts of their condition; in defiance of threats of even 
harsher treatment, and regardless of promises of food and 
clothing — objects most tempting to men in their condition; 
but few, comparatively, sought relief from their woes by the 
betrayal of their honor. And these few went forth into 
liberty followed by the execrations and undisguised contempt 
of the suffering heroes whom they left behind. It was this 
calm, unfaltering, unconquerable spirit of patriotism — defy- 
ing torture, starvation, loathsome disease, and the prospect 
of a neglected and forgotten grave — which sanctifies to every 
American heart the scene of their suffering in the Wallabout, 
and which will render the sad story of the 'prison-ships ' one 
of ever increasing interest to all future generations." 

The comer stone of a vault for the reception of so many 
of the bones of the martyred dead as could be collected, 
was laid in April, 1808, by Tammany. The event was made 
the occasion of a great demonstration. There was a big 
military and civic parade, artillery salutes, and other features. 



/ 



136 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Major Aycrigg was marshal of the day and an eloquent ora- 
tion was delivered by Joseph D. Fay, of Tanwnany. On May 
26, 1808, the vault being completed, the bones were removed 
thereto, the event being signalized by another great demon- 
stration. There were thirteen coffins filled with bones of 
the dead, and 104 veterans of the Revolution acted as pall 
bearers. Stiles informs us that " The procession, after pass- 
ing through various streets, readied the East River, where, 
at different places, boats had been provided for crossing to 
Brooklyn. Thirteen large open boats transported the thir- 
teen tribes of the Tammany Society, each containing one 
tribe, one coffin, and the pall-bearers." The scene was most 
inspiring. " At Brooklyn ferry the procession formed again 
* * * and arrived at the tcmib of the martyrs amidst a vast 
and mighty assemblage. A stage had been here erected 
for the orator, trimmed with black crape. The coffins were 
placed in front, and the pall-bearers took their seats beneath 
the eye of the orator. There was an invocation by Rev. 
Ralph Williston, and the orator of the day was Dr. Benjamin 
De Witt. The coffins were huge in size and each bore the 
name of one of the thirteen original states." 

Referring to Tammany, in the foregoing, we are reminded 
that the first grand sachem of the organization was William 
Mooney. He was of Irish extraction, and was a leader of 
the Sons of Liberty or "Liberty Boys," as they were some- 
times called, an organization formed in New York before 
the Revolution. Mooney joined the Whigs after the Revolu- 
tion. He engaged in business as an upholsterer and was first 
located on Nassau street, later on Maiden lane, and later 
still on Chatham street. He took an active part in politics 
for a great many years and was living as late as 183 1. At this 
latter period he was the only survivor of the original mem- 
bers of Tammany whose constitution he was the first to 
sign. 



CHAPTER XII. 

The MoDDinenl near Grant's Tomb to St. Claire Pollock, Ihe " Amia- 
ble Child"— Early Catholic Priests in New York Oily— Some Great Land 
Holdings Recalled— Mayor James Duane of New York, and Gramercy 
Park. 

Visitors to Grant's tomb at Riverside Park, New York 
city, will notice, close by, a small marble monument, enclosed 
by an iron railing. The inscription shows that the monument 
was " Erected to the Memory of an Amiable child. St. 
Oaire Pollock, died 15th July, 1797, in the fifth year of his 
age." Some time ago a statement appeared in one of the 
New York daily papers to the effect that the Pollocks were 
English. This statement was incorrect. Mr. Bartholomew 
Moynahan, of New York city, recently wrote as follows on 
the subject : 



It was stated in answer to an inquiry that " In 1797 an Eng- 
lish family named Pollock visited friends in Claremont," and 
that "during the visit their little boy died and his body was 
buried on the knoll overlooking the Hudson, near Grant's 
tomb," 

The Pollocks were not an English family and they were 
not on a visit to this country at that time, Mr. George 
Pollock was the owner of, and was residing on, the land 
wherein the grave was made at the time of his child's death, 
and had been residing there for some years previously. The 
ii]scription he placed on the little tomb has excited deep in- 
terest and inquiry, and a record of what is known as to the 
family may be interesting. There were three Pollock 
brothers — Carlisle (after whom Carlisle street, this city, is 
■called), Hugh and George. They were all natives of Ire- 
land, and were then (1797) merchants residing in this city, 
and had been here for many years in active business import- 



138 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

ing Irish linens — Cariisle Pollock at 11 Whitehall street; 
Hugh Pollock at No. 3 Gouvemeur's alley, and George 
Pollock at 91 Water street. (See City Directory, 1796 and 
1797). Carlisle and George married two sisters— Catherine 
and Sophia Yates, whose brother was in partnership with 
George Pollock. The "amiable child" was baptised in 
Trinity Church by its rector, tlhat disting^shed Irish Epis- 
copalian, Bishop Moore, on November 11, 1792. (See Rec- 
ords of Trinity Church). 

In 1789 Mr. Carlisle Pollock was a member of the Council 
of the Society of the Friendly Sons of St Patrick in this city 
and continued as such until 1795. (See City Directory, 1789- 
1795). Mr. George Pollock was vice-president of the 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick in 1793, and was president of 
that society in 1796. (See N. Y. City Directory, 1796, page 
122), having as his associate officers and cotmcillors in that 
society such men as Alexander Macomb, Gen. Geo. Barne- 
well, Gen. John Maunsell, Carlisle Pollock, Daniel Mc- 
Cormick. Hugh Gaine, John McVickar, Dominick Lynch 
and James Constable, and he presided at the annual dinner 
of the Society at the Tontine Coflfee House, comer of Wall 
and Water streets, on the 17th of March, that year. (See 
N. Y. City newspapers, March 18, 1796; N. Y. City Direc- 
tory, 1796, and the records of the society). 

The Pollocks were a patriotic Irish family, the brothers 
above-named particularly so. Their uncle, Oliver Pollock, 
who preceded them to this country, played a very im- 
portant part in the American Revolutionary War. (See 
Pollock Genealogies, by Hayden, page 6.) The Sinclairs, 
from whom the middle name of the child is derived, likewise 
were imbued with the revolutionary tendencies of the day. A 
daughter of the famous Irish patriot, Thomas Addis Emmet,, 
married one of the McEvers family of this city. They occu- 
pied the property formerly owned by Pollock for a number 
of years as a country residence. The grandson of Thomas 
Addis Emmet, the famous Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet of this 
city, frequently stated that, as a child, he has often heard the 
story of the tragic fate of " the amiable child," who was 
drowned while on a fishing excursion with his father to the 
famous "Fishing Rock," that still is known to exist opposite 
the lonely grave. 

At the time of this little child's death his father, Mr. 
George Pollock owned the land on Riverside. A Mr. 
Verplanck owned an adjoining tract. The region was theo 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 13<> 

called "Strawberry Hill." It was formerly known by the 
name of "Vandewater Heights," (See Riker's History of 
Harlem, pages 444 and 593) Mr. George Pollock bought 
the property from Nicholas De Peyster. (See Liber 57 
Conveyances, New York Register's Office, page 266.) At 
a later date he purchased some adjoining property from De 
Peyster and one William Moleno. (See Liber 64, Con- 
veyances, page 273, New York Register's Office.) Pollock, 
in 1795. sold a portion of the ground to his neighbor, Gulian 
Verplanck, and in 1800 Pollock sold another portion to 
Cornelia Verplanck, widow of Gulian Verplanck. In both 
of these deeds the burial plot was excepted. Michael Hogan 
(a native of County Qare, Ireland, who gave the property 
the name of " Claremont," in honor of his native county) 
purchased the property in 1806 from the executors of the 
estate of Gulian Verplanck. Hogan in 1821 conveyed the 
property to Joel Post, to whose heirs the property belonged 
when it was taken by the city for a public park. Mr. George 
Pollock returned to Ireland at the close of the eighteenth 
century. In a letter from him under date of January 18, 
1800, three years after the death of " the amiable child " he 
wrote to his former neighbor and valued friend, Mrs. Ver- 
planck, as follows: 

" There is a small inclosure near your boundary fence 
within which lie the remains of a favorite child, covered by 
a marble monument. I had intended that space as the fu- 
ture cemetery of my family. . . . The surrounding ground 
will fall into the hands of I know not whom, whose preju- 
dice or better taste may remove the monument and lay the 
inclosure open. You will confer a peculiar and interesting 
favor upon me by allowing me to convey the inclosure to 
you, so that you will consider it as a part of your own estate, 
keeping it, however, always inclosed and sacred. There is 
a white marble funeral urn, prepared to place on the monu- 
ment, which Mr. Darley will put up, and which will not lessen 
its beauty. ... I have long considered those grounds as of 
my own creation, having selected them when wild, and brought 
the place to its present form. Having so long and so delight- 
fully resided there, I feel an interest in it that I cannot get rid 
of but with time." 

I think the foregoing facts prove conclusively that Mr. 
Pollock at the time he buried his child on that then lonely 
picturesque hillside on the banks of the Hudson, was not a 
visitor, and certainly never was an Englishman. 



I40 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

The foregoing contribution from Mr. Moynahan may be 
accepted as a final and autSioritative settlement of the ques- 
tion. In the New York " Sunday Union, " Feb. i, 1903, the 
editor says : 

" The Pollock family is an ancient Irish family. Centuries 
ago they settled in and around Belfast, in the north of Ire- 
land. They have been represented in America all along from 
before the Revolution, and are represented to-day in New 
York and other parts of the country. Francis W. Pollock, 
a well-known lawyer of 309 Broadway, is the grandson of 
William Pollock, who married Sarah McMahon. He had 
quite a large family, most of whom are living and doing busi- 
ness in their native town, Bangor, County Down, Ireland, 
which is situated about ten miles from Belfast, and is one of 
the most famous summer watering places of Ireland. 
William Pollock and his father were members of the United 

# 

Irishmen and were known as enthusiastic patriots. 

** This little town of Bangor contained, at about i860, only 
one Catholic family. The town was divided into two district 
quarters, one known as the " Church Quarter, " inhabited 
by the Established Church people and the dependents of 
the gentry, and the other by the Presbyterians or anti- 
Orange party. There was an undying hatred between the 
two factions, and the fights between the boys of the opposite 
camps were frequent and sometimes very serious. The 
Pollocks were on the anti-Orange side. 

" Robert Pollock, one of the sons of William Pollock, went 
to sea in one of his uncle's ships, " The Johnston Line, " now 
the owners of one of the largest fleet of tramp steamers sail- 
ing out of England. He rapidly advanced in his profession 
until finally he commanded the good ship " Tara." While 
captain of the ship he narrowly escaped serious trouble by 
flying in British waters a beautiful Irish flag with a harp with- 
out the crown. Only the superior sailing qualities of his ship 
saved him from the wrath of the authorities. The virile Na- 
tionalist strain broke out in these northern Irish Pollocks 
at every turn. Although a staunch Presbyterian, he married 



IRISH AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 14I 

a Catholic wife, Margaret, the daughter of David Sheehy, o! 
Askeaton, County Limerick, a distant relative of Commis- 
sioner Edward T. Sheehy of this city. She travelled with him 
throughout the world, as was then the custom in the larger 
merchant ships. Voyages to the East Indies took six months 
or more from port to port. These ships were fitted up as 
floating homes. They carried even the live stock required 
for food during the long voyage. 

" Three children were born to them, one in Ireland, one in 
India, and one at sea. Francis W. Pollock, our present New 
York fellow citizen, was one of the children. He came with 
his mother and brother and sister to New York in 1864. He 
has practised law for twenty-five years, was a member of 
the law firm of Goff &; Pollock up to the time when Mr. Goff 
was elected recorder. He has been associated with Judge 
Fitzgerald and other Irishmen in patriotic societies from 
boyhood. There is strictly no ' Scotch-Irish ' in tliis family. 
Nothing English either. It has been Irish and nothing else. 
James K. Polk [president of the United States], was from 
this branch of the family. Another settled in Pennsylvania. 
A descendant of the family, Captain Oscar Pollock, U. S. A., 
has collected the genealogy of this Irish family. All of the 
north of Ireland Pollocks spring from the same stock. Mr. 
Pollock has nephews in this city, one in the banking business, 
and one going through college. " 



Early Catholic Priests In New York City. 

Father Isaac Jt^^ues, S. J., visited New York city about 
1643, 3"^ other Catholic missionaries are found here, from 
time to time, down to the administration of Gov. Dongan. 
They were men of great fearlessness and unabating zeal in 
the service of the Lord. In nationality, they were mainly 
French and English. 

Later, Ireland — the Insula Sanctorum — was splendidly 
represented in this respect. We purpose to confine ourselves 



i 



142 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

to mentioning* a few of the earliest priests of Irish birth 
or extraction, who officiated in this city. 

A number of priests, of Irish nativity or descent, came 
over as chaplains of our French allies during the Revolution. 
Among these was Rev. Charles Whelan, O. M. Cap., a chap- 
lain in De Grasse's fleet, who had witnessed the surrender 
of ComwalUs, and had been made a prisoner. He subse- 
quently resigned his chaplaincy, and devoted himself to the 
cause of religion in New York. He was made pastor of St 
Peter's cong^gation, and so officiated from 1784 to Feb. 12, 
1786. Archbishop Bayley states that Father Whelan was 
''the first regularly settled priest in the diocese of New 
York." Father Whelan later became a missionary in Ken- 
tucky. He died in Maryland, 1809. 

Rev. Andrew Nugent, Capuchin, officiated at St. Peter's, 

New York city, during 1786-7. He went back to Ireland in 

1790. Rev. Jose Phelan, whose surname is certainly Irish 

enough, was residing in this city, in 1786, as private chaplain 

to Roiz Sih'a* i Beekman st. 

Rev. William O'Brien, O. P., a native of Ireland, was bom 
in 1740. He was pastor of St. Peter's, from Nov. 1787, to 
1807. He was '* a good and faithful priest, and was particu- 
larly active during the terrible visitations of yellow fever, 
in 1795, ^798-99, 1801-05." He died May 14, 1816. 

Rev. John Connell, O. P., officiated at St Peter's, in 1787. 
He had preWously been "" vicar of the Hospital of the Irish 
Dominicans at Bilbao, Spain. " He was chaplain to the 
Spanish minister and also attended the other Catholics then 
resident in this city. New York was at that time the na- 
tional capital. 

Rev. Patrick Sm>-th was stationed in New York in 1788. 
He was a native of Kells, in the diocese of Meath, Ireland. 

* We are indebted for much of these data to a •* Register of the Qergy 
Laboring in the Archdiocese of Xew York from Early Missiofiarjr Times 
to 1885.* prepared by the Most Rev. Michael Aognstiiie Corrigan, D.D., 
and paUished in the ''Historical Records and Stndies* of the United 
Sutes Catholic Historical Sodetr. 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 143 

He is described as " a man of splendid abilities, of ready 
and versatile talent," He returned to Ireland. His transla- 
tion of the " Following of Christ " is now very rare. 

Rev. Nicholas Burke officiated as assistant pastor of St. 
Peter's Church in 1789. During the absence of Rev. Dr. 
O'Brien in Mexico, on a collecting tour. Father Burke had 
charge of the congregation. Rev. Anthony McMahon, O. P., 
was appointed to St. Peter's in 1800, and died in the month of 
July, that year. 

Rev. Dr. Matthew O'Brien, O. P., a native of Ireland, was 
bom in 1 756, came to America and was stationed at Albany, 
N. Y,, from 1798 to 1800. In 1803 he was appointed to St. 
Peter's, New York city, and remained here until 1807. He 
was later stationed in Philadelphia, and died in Baltimore, 
1816. He was a brother of Rev. William O'Brien, who was 
pastor of St. Peter's from Nov. 1787 to 1807. Matthew died 
in Baltimore, Oct. 15, i8j6. 

Rev. John Byrne, who subsequently departed from 
America, was stationed at St. Peter's Church, in 1804, and 
was in Albany from 1806 until late in 1808. In the latter 
year he was once more at St. Peter's, New York dty, and 
" did great good in a short time." 

Very Rev. Michael Hurley, O. S. A., was at St. Peter's 
Church, New York, during a yellow fever epidemic, remain- 
ing there from July, 1805, until July, 1807. He was subse- 
quently located in Albany and Philadelphia. He was " the 
first priest who said Mass in Binghamton [N. Y.], in 1834, 
to cheer the half dozen Catholic families residing there, and 
encourage them to look forward to a little church." He " was 
a very warm-hearted and charitable priest " and " there never 
was a time when he would not have divided his substance with 
the poor or the. stranger." Father Hurley died in Philadel- 
phia, May 13, 1837. 

In 1805. Rev. Dr. Caffrey was an assistant at St, Peter's 
church. New York, and in 1806 we find Rev. Mathias Kelly 
appointed to the same church, remaining there until Dec, 
1807. 



144 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Among early priests of Irish blood who officiated in vari- 
ous parts of the present state of New York were the follow- 
ing: 

Rev. John McKenna, a native of Ireland, was made pastor 
at Johnstown, N. Y., 1775, where he remained until 1776. 

Rev. Father Flinn, a Capuchin priest, was appointed pastor 
at Fort Stanwix, 1796, and was at Albany, 1804. 

Rev. Dr. Stafford was located at Albany about the year 
1800. He came from Ireland. 

Rev. Dr. Cornelius Mahoney attended the missions of 
Albany, Schenectady, and other places, from Nov. 1802 
until 1804. He was also in Albany, 1808. 

Rev. Luke Fitzsimmons, Recollect, was a native of Ireland, 
bom in 1783. He was located in Albany in 1805-6, and 
again in 1808. 

Some Great Land Holdings Recalled. 

From Gov. Dongan's time down, numerous instances occur 
of Irishmen owning large tracts of land in what is now the 
state of New York. Gov. Dongan's " Manor of Cassil- 
towne, " on Staten Island, has already been referred to, and 
reference has also been made to a grant of 100,000 acres, in 
the Mohawk Valley, to Sir William Johnson, another Irish- 
man. 

Sir Peter Warren, the Constables, the Pollocks, Michael 
Hogan, and other Irish people who could be mentioned, were 
extensive land owners within the present limits of New 
York city. Warren also owned a large tract on the Mohawk 
river. William Constable, who was president of the New 
York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick in 1789- 1790, and in 1795, 
engaged in a number of great land speculations, as we have 
already stated. 

On one occasion he and his friend, Alexander Macomb, 
purchased 640,000 acres, the " Ten Townships, " on the St. 
Lawrence river. New York state. Constable was associated 
with Daniel McCormick and Alexander Macomb, just men- 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY I4S 

tioned, in the purchase of a tract which comprised the "whole 
of the present counties of Lewis, Jefferson, St. Lawrence, 
and Franklin, with parts of Oswego and Herkimer. " This 
tract consisted of over 3,600,000 acres, or in the neighbor- 
hood of a tenth part of the entire state. The price paid was 
" eight pence an acre." This latter transaction took place 
about 1791 and was popularly known as "Macomb's 
Purchase, " 

Dominick Lynch, of New York city, bought at one time, 
as we have seen, 697 acres near Fort Stanwix, and before 
the year 1800 had increased his holdings there to some 2,000 
acres. He also owned property in other parts of the state. 

John McMahan removed from Pennsylvania, about 1803, 
and purchased a tract of land in what is now Westtield, 
Chautauqua County, N. Y. This tract was a very large one, 
being about six miles square. It was bought by Mr. Mc- 
Mahan from the Holland Land Co. The town of Westfield 
was formed from Portland and Ripley, in 1829. It is near 
the shore of Lake Erie, and was incorporated as a separate 
town in 1833. Many similar land transactions in New York 
state, by men of Irish blood, might be cited. 

The first mayor of New York city, after the Revolution, 
was James Duane, the son of a County Galway Irishman. 
James was bom in New York city, 1733, and died at Duanes- 
burg, N. Y., where he had inherited a tract of land, and es- 
tablished a settlement thereon In 1765. The year of his death 
was 1797. He had been a lawyer, and wedded a daughter 
of Col. Robert Livingston. 

The locality now named Gramercy Park, in New York 
dty, comprised a portion of the property at one time owned 
by Duane. The New York " Evening Post," Sept. 30, 1899, 
had an article on Gramercy Park, signed " J. S.," which article 
we here reproduce : 

Greater New York can boast of a wide area of splendid 
parks, but the aristocrat of them all, though insignificant in 
size, is Gramercy, situated between Third and Fourth Ave- 
nues, Twentieth and Twenty-first Streets, Borough of Man- 



146 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

hattan. The revolving years of the last quarter-century have 
brought great changes to the immediate neighborhood, 
without hurting the dignity of the little square or rendering 
it less exclusive than it was when its founder, Mr. Samuel 
B. Ruggles, gratuitously donated the sixty-six lots it con- 
tains for the use of the residents facing the square, on con- 
dition that each should pay $io annually, for ever, towards 
a fund designed to plant, preserve and adorn the projected 
park. The park was founded in 1831, and, unlike some 
public benefactors, Mr. Ruggles was too modest to entail 
his own name upon this creation of his mind, but rather 
chose to let it go down to posterity bearing the name 
by which it was known long before the Revolutionary war. 

In the stirring days when the Liberty Boys agitated 
against " taxation without representation, " a twenty-acre 
farm known as "Gramcrcy Seat," including the present 
Gramercy Park, which lay in its centre, was owned by James 
Duane, one of the most ardent of the patriots. He was a 
member of most of the committees organized in New York 
to devise plans for opposing British encroachments; he was 
a member of the Congress of 1774, the Provincial Congress 
of New York, 1775 and 1776, and the General Congress of 
Philadelphia, 1777, in which he served until the close of the 
war. On the 25 th of November, 1783, in the company of 
Gen. Washington, Gov. Clinton, and hundreds of fellow- 
patriots, he entered his native city in triumph, and took pos- 
session of his property. He found his city house, at the 
comer of the present Pine and Water streets, in ruins, but his 
home at Gramercy Park in tolerably good order, as it had 
been occupied by one of the British generals. 

On the sth of February, 1784, James Duane (by the way, 
a son of an Irishman, Anthony Duane of Cong, Galway), 
was appointed the first Mayor of New York under the new 
regime. He served in this capacity until 1788, and during 
that time he had the pleasure of welcoming to the city the old 
Congress of which he was formerly Senator, the first Con- 
gress under the present constitution, and George Washing- 
ton as first President of the republic. He was the foimder of 
Duanesburg, Schenectady County. He died February i, 
1797, and lies under the church he built at Duanesburg. 

The old Duane farm had a front of some four hundred 
feet on the Bloomingdale Road, present Broadway, between 
Nineteenth and Twenty-First Streets, and extended to a 
point between Second and Third Avenues. In shape it was 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 147 

like a shoemaker's cutting- knife, and De Witt in the explana- 
tion accompanying his farm map of lower New York in the 
olden time says that it was called " Krom Messie, " from that 
fact, and was later corrupted to Gramercy. This explanation, 
■while a plausible one, gives place to a better, mentioned in 
'"King's Progress of New York," namely, that it received 
its cognomen from a creek known to the ancient inhabi- 
tants as "Crummassie-VIy," or "Winding Creek," also 
written in old records as "Cromme-see." This stream had its 
source in the region bounded by Fifth and Sixth Avenues, 
Twenty-second and Twenty-sixth Streets; it ran through 
an extensive pond once within the limits of the present Madi- 
son Square, crossed the northeast corner of Gramercy Park, 
and emptied into the East River between Seventeenth and 
Eighteenth Streets, at First Avenue, which was originally 
the shore line at that point. This stream ran through the 
ancient " bouwery, " or farm of fhe renowned Peter Stuy- 
vesant. It is marked conspicuously upon Gen. Viele's topo- 
graphical map of Manhattan. From its source to its outlet 
it was bordered with cat-tails and other forms of aquatic 
vegetation. To the romantic New Yorker of twice one hun- 
dred years ago — and later, for it existed as Cedar Creek until 
1845 — it was well and favorably known on account of its 
"kissing bridge" and skating-pond at its outlet, which in- 
cluded a portion of the eastern part of Stuyvesant Square. 
When, in the Revolutionary struggle, the British made 
their attack on the fortifications at Kipp's Bay, their allies, 
the Hessians, simultaneously landed on the Stuyvesant farm 
at the mouth of this creek; on their march westward, they en- 
countered a band of patriots under the command of Col. 
Samuel Selden, at the junction of the present Third Avenue 
and Twenty-third Street. In the battle which ensued four 
Hessians were killed; Col. Selden was taken prisoner, and 
confined in the old city hall, which occupied the site of the 
sub-treasury, where he died later. Manhattan streams differ 
materially from the one of which the poet sang : 

"Men may come and men may go, but I go on forever." 

But, though Crummassie-Vly has disappeared, and over 
its course men come and go, it occasionally surprises the 
builder, and in the cash outlay which its presence and activity 
necessitate it takes ample vengeance for its hasty burial. 
It is probable that its namesake, Gramercy Park, will exist 



148 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

in its exclusiveness as long as the residents pay the tax im- 
posed on them so many years ago. 

We hear so much in New York and elsewhere, nowada5rs, 
to the effect that the Americans are an "Anglo-Saxon" 
people, that the following will be of interest. In an anni- 
versary discourse, by C. F. Hoffman, delivered before the 
St. Nicholas Society of Manhattan, Dec. 6, 1847, he said: 
*• The pioneers of New York then were, as we have seen, 
of any other than * Puritan Anglo-Saxon ' origin. From the 
brown plains of Normandy and the green vales of England; 
from the sunny hills of Savoy and the bleek wastes of Finland, 
came they hither to this * Land of a thousand lakes '; where 
blithely gathered the salmon fisher of Erin's rivers, and the 
hunter of the stag through Scottish heather to ply their sport 
amid the forest fastnesses of New York, with men who had 
slaked the fever thirst of battle in the Rhine, the Scheldt 
♦ ♦ ♦ The free and hearty spirit of the veritable Knicker- 
bocker was at that time fairly evolved from the soil of New 
York ; and took not only the ' Anglo Saxon * but all the 
tribes of Europe to produce that social and political atmos- 
phere in which the native genius of all countries has ever 
been cordially welcomed ♦ ♦ ♦ " ITie shallow sophistries of 
Puritan Anglo-Saxonism had not yet been heard within our 
borders when that philosophic mind of New York ventured 
upon its far-sighted predictions of what those blended forces 
of best manhood must accomplish, in a region whose natural 
resources afford a field for all the most powerful energies of 
civilization. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

Tragic Incidents Aboard Emigrant Ships — The Awful Voyage of the 
" Seatlower " — Heavy Emigration from Ireland to New York in iSio-ii 
— Irish Passengers Seized by British War Vessels — Ships Lost at Varioua 



Many tragic incidents have taken place on vessels convey- 
ing Irish emigrants to this country. On July 26, 1738, the 
ship " Lime " sailed from Portrush, Ireland, for Boston, Mass., 
with 123 passengers aboard. Three days after leaving Port- 
rush she was leaking badly. So she put into Killybegs where 
twelve days were spent in making repairs. She again sailed, 
but had to put into Galway to be again repaired. 

While at Galway, John Gate, the master, died of small 
pox. and Matthias Haines, the only mate, was afflicted with 
the same disease. While at Killybegs and Galway, twenty- 
five of the passengers deserted the ship, and but little blame 
could attach to them for so doing. With the captain dead, 
and the mate sick, the contractors hired Gabriel Black as 
master of the vessel. She finally sailed from Galway, on 
Sept. 19, and reached Boston harbor Nov. 16, 1738. 

A particularly tragic voyage, however, was that of the 
" Seafiower." She left Belfast, Ireland, July 10, 1741, bound 
for Philadelphia, Pa., and had 106 persons aboard, mainly 
emigrants. Writing about her in " The Recorder " (Boston, 
Feb. 1902), Thomas Hamilton Murray says: 



The Seaflower was owned by Joseph Thompson of New 
Haven, Conn., and Capt. Ebenezer Clark, master of "the 
vessel. Thompson owned three-fourths and Clark the 
remainder. When about two weeks out. Captain Clark, the 
master, sickened and died and the mate was also taken ill. 

Thus began a reign of suffering, wretchedness and misery 



jsssrfMBaciar -w.s ; m wi-'i r missosLUSBfT 



■tffiiimi TTTT sirassBEd. in t6c annalf^ of ocean 



-rrif^sps^ ^Himii i c «iir^ die ^bsets deadly die sloop 



fflnng JET mssT 2zd ^i nid oi die jmiu rs of the lo ya ge the 

ani jruv ; _ 

troubles 




s^ntcd. TBOT' if die sixp's couipouy and pas- 
:s oaii Tcrrsica: if Umijc:, 

In irrrcr in !s4ih;hm jbc die iwjig ircre driien to feed on 
die lesiL Sx i«i<iies 'jaii lessx dms oj ii aum e d and the 
serdtfi T3S lerrrag^ rsr id "vfoe:! Trie "SfiCKCSS^*^ man-^f-war, 
cnne licn^^e mii jer i^cmi sacoized the weOni^ crazed 
sarvtvf^rs :!f die Seaifcwer vrnr pFOvisons sufficient to bring 
dieni inra -xn, 

Xow :c»icc-jmic x:r dns 5ssrnzL voyage: It is possible 
rhar die stxrp wx? rvertr^wied on javing Bdtast; also that 
a zxnsealeiiaiicii TSif lees ^xsAie as u^ the probable length of 
time rrrar womii be rcumred 5br the Torage, dns leading to an 
tnaiie^^aare sopoi^ <k ^arer ami prorcaoosc The death of the 
master ami die ilmss of the mzte okevise had a decided 
tendency to cjmpixcate matters, ^lien the food supply yns 
at length exhaosteiL and the last drop of water gone, thirst 
was added to the horrors of hnnger. With the vessel still 
many Ieag:ies rrom iond. the awfnl sofferings of passengers 
and crew can be frrragmed, not described. 

Forty-six died on the passage. 

The Sea5ower cast anchor in Boston harbor, Oct 31, 
sixteen weeks having elapsed since she sailed from Ireland. 
On the date mentioned, Oct. 31, 1741, the Selectmen of 
Boston convened in session, there being present : Capt. For- 
syth. Caleb Lyman, Jonas Clark, Mr. Hancock, Mr. Cook 
and Capt. Steel. .\t this meeting \*-as considered "The sloop 
Seaflower this day arrived from Belfast. Ebenezer Qark. late 
master, \\4th 65 passengers on board * * * ♦ " The follow- 
ing minute was recorded, \4z., that 

** Whereas a Sloop from Ireland with a number of Pas- 
sengers on board being arrived in this Harbour & appre- 
hending danger may acme to the Inhabitants by reason of 
the Hardships the People have suffered in their Passage 
l)eing obliged to eat some of their People to Sustain Life, 
Voted That the Select Men View the State of the Persons 
on board with Doct^ Clark & Report what Circumstances 
they are in ♦ ♦ * . " 

The Selectmen accordingly visited the afflicted survivors of 




the Seaflower and found the facts as here outlined. So 
serious was the case, that the Selectmen again met on Nov. 
2 and decided to wait on the Governor and Council to ac- 
quaint them with the conditions and see what could be done. 
The same day, Nov. 2, a meeting of the Governor and Coun- 
cil was held in the Council chamber in Boston, the Selectmen 
appeared, stated their case and sought advice. 

They declared that about 30 of the passengers were in 
"very low circumstances & not able of taking care of them- 
selves but require the speediest care to preserve life." The 
Selectmen prayed "that suitable provision may be made for 
them or else they must perish." The Governor and Council 
accordingly 

Ordered that the Selectmen secure the papers belonging 
to the owners and last master with the goods aboard and 
dispose of the servants and passengers in Hospital on Rains- 
ford's island where they were to be supported and nursed; 
It was also ordered that the "owners of the said Sloop" 
be speedily advised of existing conditions and requested to 
come to Boston, "pay the Charges herein expended & take 
all further Care in the Premisses as shall be necessary." 

The Selectmen thereupon sent an express to Joseph 
Thompson, of New Haven, asking him to repair to Boston 
and take charge of the Seaflower and servants. They like- 
wise directed the town clerk of Boston to write to Mr. 
Thompson. The Selectmen also Voted that Capt. Forsyth 
and Capt. Steel of their number be a committee to go 
aboard the sloop and take an account of the papers, etc., and 
secure them, Mr. Savell to see that the unfortunate people 
were supplied with all things necessary to their comfort 
until the vessel was taken to Rainsford's Island. Mr. Ball 
was directed to take the sloop there as soon as possible. 

On Tuesday morning, the vessel and passengers were 
taken over to the Island " with the help of Capt. Tyng & 
his People who came in the long boat & other persons." The 
passengers were all carried ashore and lodged in the hospital. 
Dr. Clark gave directions for the treatment of the patients, 
and men were put in charge of the vessel and the goods 
aboard. 

The Selectmen met again on Nov. 16. Mr. Thompson o£ 
New Haven, appeared and stated that he owned three 
fourths of the sloop and that Ebenezer Clark, the deceased 
master, owned the rest. He asked that the vessel's papers 
be delivered to him and this was done. Thompson and Capt. 



IS2 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Sted, the latter one of the Selectmen, assumed all the charges 
incurred. 

The facts briefly stated herein, have been obtained from 
the minutes of the Selectmen of Boston as reproduced in 
printed form by the Record Commissioners of that city. 



The number of ships bringing people from Ireland to New 
York in 1810, 1811, and thereabouts was very large. About 
1810, the New York " Shamrock " began publishing lists of 
emigrants arriving at this port from Ireland, and while it con- 
tinued publishing the lists it printed the names of several 
thousands of such passengers. Parties interested in the sub- 
ject are referred to these lists in the " Shamrock, " a bound 
volume of which is in the possession of the writer. The fol- 
lowing extracts are taken from the publication mentioned : 



Dec. 1 810. — ^The following ships are loading at this port 
[New York] for Ireland : 

For Londonderry, ship West Point, F. Boggs, loading by 
Jas. & Wm. Sterling & Co. 

For Belfast, ship Protection, H. Bams, loading by Jas. & 
Wm. Sterling. 

For Belfast, ship Hibemia, H. Graham, loading by Alex. 
Cranston & Co. 

For Belfast, ship Maria, G. Duplex, by Alexander Crans- 
ton & Co. 

For Sligo, ship Fanny, O. Hicks, loading by Ogden & 
Harrison. 

For Newry, ship Mary Augusta, Wm. Hall, Master. 

Cleared at Philadelphia, ship Philadelphia, Taylor, for Lon- 
donderry. 

The ship Erin, Murphy, from Dublin to New York, put 
into Liverpool on Thursday with damage, having struck 
on Wicklow Banks. 

Dec. 22, 1 810. — In addition to those in our last, the fol- 
lowing ships are up for Ireland [at New York] : For Dub- 
lin, The Huntress, by Jacob Barker; for ditto, the Cato, A. 
Horn, by A. Barker & Co. ; for Newry, Mary Augusta, Wm. 
Hall, by Watkins, Hall & Barton ; for Cork, the Radius, Clark, 
by Howland & Grinnell ; cleared at Savannah for Londonderry, 
the brig Uncle Toby, Taber. 



IT 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY I S3 



Dec. 29, 1810. — Arrived since our last: ship Erin, Mur- 
phy, Dubhn; ship Harvey, Hyde, 75 days from Belfast, via 
Newport. Cleared: Westpoint. Boggs, Londonderry; Pro- 
tection, Bairns, Belfast. Up for Ireland since our last: For 
Dublin, Silvergrey, by Stephen Hathaway, Junr. & Co.; for 
Londonderry, Alexander, by D. Sullivan, 

Dec. 29, 1810. — The Harvey Hyde, from Belfast, having 
gone to the Jersey shore to land her passengers, we are 
unable to obtain their names for insertion in this day's 
paper; we hope however to give them in our next. We are 
informed that they are 106 in number. 

March 23. 1811. — Since our last arrived the brig Hanni- 
bal from Belfast: sailed 2nd January, put into Cork har- 
bour and from thence made her passage in 62 days — brought 
upwards of 40 passengers, but in consequence of their land- 
ing at Amboy, we have not yet been able to obtain their 
names from the custom-house of the city of Jersey. We have 
received a few newspapers, but of dates, antecedent to others 
already received, of course no news. The Perseverance had 
not sailed when the Hannibal left Belfast. We are highly 
gratified to see many fine healthy young men by the above 
vessel, and invite them to call at this office, where they will 
be directed to a proper place of intelligence for their gov- 
ernment, free of any expense, and some salutary cautions 
given them to guard against the snares which are set by 
some vile unprincipled person to deprive them of their 
money, and ultimately involve them in ruin. 

July 20, rSii — Mention of the arrival of the brig Isaac, 
Capt. Delano, 60 days from Cork, at Philadelphia. 

Aug. 10, 1811. — We are happy to announce the safe ar- 
rival in this city [New York] of Messrs. Patrick and Wil- 
liam Phelan, two of the persons taken in June last from on 
board the ship Bellasarius, on her passage from Dublin to 
this port by his Britannic majesty's sloop of war Atalanta. 
We are indebted to Mr. W. Phelan for the following ac- 
count of the fate of the persons taken as above, which we 
publish for the information of their friends here. 

On the arrival of the Atalanta at Halifax, the following 
persons and their families, consisting of forty-three indi- 
viduals, were removed to a sloop, which sailed with them 
to the island of St. John's, with directions that they should 
be put on the estate of Lord James Townshend: Richard 
King, Jane King, James King, Mary King, • * * John 
Gilbert, John Birk, Eliza Birk, Thomas Walsh, Thomas New- 



1 54 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

man, Lawrence Current, Thomas Bird, Mary Bird, Valient 
Needham, Cath. Needham, Eliza Needham, Joseph Gilbert, 
Anne Gilbert, Atty Burton, Michael Murphy. 

The following seventeen persons were continued on board 
the Atalanta, and are now probably employed in endeavours 
to snatch others of their friends or countrymen from a pros- 
pect of peace, liberty, and independence, to wear out life in 
an inhospitable clime and under the guidance of some ab- 
sentee or unmerciful landlord; or unwilling to aid in sup- 
porting the British claim to the exclusive sovereignty of 
the ocean: Richard Langer, Peter Foley, James Graham, 
John Dunn, James Costigan, William Turner, Edward 
Dore, William Morgan, Peter Courtney, Michael M'Hol- 
land, Mathew Murphy, William Sutton, Bartlet Turner, 
Edward Lacey, Thomas Walsh, Martin Bambrick, Michael 
Bambrick. 

Peter Foley, one of the above, having feigned illness, with 
a view to effect his discharge, the physician of the Atalanta 
said he would administer a remedy which would cure him if 
really ill, and force 'him to confess, if only pretendedly so; 
accordingly several blisters were successively applied until 
unfortunate Foley was compelled to acknowledge his feigned 
illness. Had he, however, been really ill, there is no doubt 
but that the doctor's prescription would have killed him 
as certainly as if he were to administer potions of warm 
water and bleeding. 

The Messrs. Phelan were permitted to land, on condition 
of remaining for life at Halifax; but conceiving that an en- 
gagement under such circumstances, and made to such a 
government, not binding in honour, they took an early op- 
portunity of breaking their parole, and, after passing from 
place to place and from ship to ship, at length reached this 
city, the place of their original destination. 

It is impossible to convey in adequate terms an idea of 
the scenes which presented themselves when these unfor- 
tunate people were removed from the Bellisarius, and again 
were to be separated by a removal of part of them from the 
Atalanta. In the first instance they were to part with many 
of their friends, to be carried to the inhospitable clime of 
Halifax; in the latter case, they were to be removed from 
thence to be carried they knew not where, and had seemed 
to form a fondness even for their wretched situation through 
fear of meeting worse, or through a desire not to be parted 
from their now partners in woe. But Lord Townshend's estate 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 1$$ 

in the cold island of St. John's must for ever remain unculti- 
vated but for this expedient. 

Jan. 12, 1811. — The following vessels have letter-bags at 
the Tontine Coffee-House [New York city] : Erin. O'Con- 
nor, for Dublin; Cato, for Dublin; Frances, for Dublin; Hi- 
bemia, for Belfast; Eleanor, for Londonderry; Mary Au- 
gusta, for Newry; Alexander, for Londonderry. 

May II, 1811. — Since our last, arrived [at New York] 
the ship Radius, Capt. Clark, 40 days from Cork, and ship 
Algernon, Capt. Clark, 29 days from Belfast, both with up- 
wards of 220 passengers. The names of those per the Ra- 
dius will be found in this day's Shamrock. We have seldom 
witnessed a more respectable class of emigrants from Ire- 
land, and chiefly young people — never before did there land 
on the shores of Columbia a fairer specimen of the sons and 
daughters of Erin. The latter display on their cheeks the 
rosy tint of health, and none are without parents or guar- 
dians. The above vessels belong to Messrs. Howland and 
Grennel, of this city; the passengers speak in the highest 
manner of the excellence of accommodations and the gentle- 
manlike conduct of the captain. 

Aug. 17, 1811. — Arrived since our last, ship Mexicana, 
Cook, Dublin, 56 days; brig Hespa, Bailey, Newry, 55 days. 
The Mexicana has gone to Amboy with 100 passengers. The 
Hespa has 62 passengers. Aug. 6, had nine passengers pressed 
out of her by the British sloop of war Eurydice. Aug. 12, 
spoke ship G(Xi<i Intent, from Dublin to New York, 

Oct, 5, 1811. — The following vessels are up at this port 
[New York] for Ireland, the brig Emeline for Newry, the 
ship Beauty for Cork and a market in Ireland. Ariadne for 
Cork. 

Oct. 12, 181 1. — Captain Hunter, of the brig Reuben & 
Eliza from Cadiz spoke last Sunday off Montague Point, 
the brig Mary, Ramblet, 30 days from Dublin, bound to 
New York through the Sound. Capt. Ramblet informed 
Captain Hunter that the last accounts received at Dublin 
from London before he sailed, left the King alive. 

Oct. 19, 1811. — The information which we received and 
communicated in our last of the arrival in the Sound of the 
brig' Mary from Dublin, said to be in thirty days, inspired 
us with the hope that intelligence by her should reach m 
in time for this week's publication; but are sorry to an- 
nounce that we have not received any further intelligence 
of her, of course there not being any recent arrivals from 



IS6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Ireland save the Edward, in 52 days from Cork, wc have 
selected such articles of Irish news as we did not heretofore 
publish; they will, however, be found connected with the 
chain of events in Ireland already given. 

Oct. 26, 181 1. — ^The brig Orlando, Crowell, has arrived 
at Barnstable, Mass., from Belfast, with passengers, bound 
to New York. 

Nov. 16, 1818. — ^Vessels loading at this port [New York] 
for Ireland: The ship Support for Dublin, by James 
M'Bride; the ship Protection for Belfast, by James & W. 
Sterling & Co. ; the brig Gilbert for Londonderry, by Thomas 
S. Walsh ; the ship Radius for Londonderry, by Post & Min- 
tum. 

Nov. 23, 181 1. — "The emigration from Ireland to the 
United States has been unusually gjeat this year; and prob- 
ably in no former season have so many respectable and sub- 
stantial farmers come over * * *. We bid them a hearty 
welcome to our shores — and trust they will never find oc- 
casion to repent their choice."— (Quoted by the " Sham- 
rock " from the Trenton " True American.") 

Nov. 30, 181 1. — Arrived from Ireland since our last: Ship 
Hibernia, Graham, Belfast; Rover, VanKelleck, Dublin; and 
Eolus, Henry, Newry. 

Dec. 28, 181 1. — ^The ship Raleigh from Dublin for New 
York was boarded at sea by the British sloop-of-war Pea- 
cock and several of the passengers impressed. The wife 
of Andrew MoUan rather than submit to be separated from 
her husband followed him aboard the British ship. Arrived 
ship Aurilla, Clement, Cork; Cleared ship Maria, Duplex, 
Dublin. Ship Mary, Wellington, from Limerick, ran ashore 
in a fog on Rhode Island. The brig Dart, Latimore, from 
Dublin, has arrived at Philadelphia in ^2 days. The ship 
Hay was at Dublin on the loth Nov. to sail in a few days for 
Philadelphia. 

Jan. 18, 181 2. — Ship Alknomac — this vessel left the river 
of Sligo, Ireland, on the 3rd October last, with 79 pas- 
sengers, and after the long passage of 73 days was cast away 
at Martha's Vineyard ; the crew and passengers were saved 
and remained at Old Town 9 days. Captain Hicks who com- 
manded her provided a sloop in which the passengers em- 
barked for New York. Again they became the sport of 
winds which proved hitherto unfavorable. The sloop was 
driven on shore at Newport, R. I., December 24, where the 
crew and passengers were again landed * * *. They 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 157 

were hailed on their arrival with Republican frankness and 
generosity, and experienced that protection which their situ- 
ation then rendered necessary * * *. Commodore Rodgers 
was on the Newport station when 79 Irish passengers were 
landed from a wrecked vessel. He humanely tendered the 
hand of hospitality and liberally provided them with every 
necessary to enable them to proceed to New York, the port 
of their original destination. Eight of the passengers who 
have come by land were suppUed with money, and the others 
who remained waiting for a passage by water, received 
money, provisions and every necessary aid from the Ameri- 
can commander. 



The great wave of Irish immigration to New York con- 
tinued year after year. In the vicinity of Hempstead, L. I., 
is a monument erected to the memory of those who lost their 
lives in the wrecks of the "Bristol" and "Mexico," 1836-7. 
The " Bristol " was wrecked Nov. 21, 1836, and the " Mexico," 
Jan. 2, 1837. The monument is constructed of white marble 
and the inscriptions are as follows : 

South side. — To the memory of yy persons, chiefly emi- 
grants from England and Ireland, being the only remains 
of 100 souls, comprising the passengers and crew of the 
American ship " Bristol, " Captain McKown, wrecked on Far 
Rockaway beach, November 21, 1836. 

West side. — All the bodies of the "Bristol " and " Mexico," 
recovered from the ocean, and decently interred near this 
spot, were followed to the grave by a large concourse of citi- 
zens and strangers, and an address delivered suited to the 
occasion. 

North side. — To the memory of sixty-two persons, chiefly 
emigrants from England and Ireland; being the only remains 
of 115 souls, forming the passengers and crew of the Ameri- 
can barque " Mexico, " Capt. Winslow, wrecked on Hemp- 
stead beach, Jan. 2, 1837. 

East side. — ^To commemorate the melancholy fate of the 
unfortunate sufferers belonging to the " Bristol " and 
" Mexico," this monument was erected ; partly by the money 



158 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

found upon their persons, and partly by the contributions of 
the benevolent and humane in the county of Queens. 

Concerning the wreck of the " Bristol, " the following 
paragraph has been published. " Among the passengers lost 
was Mr. Donnelly, New York, who died a victim to his own 
philanthropy; and Mrs. Hogan and two daughters. Mrs. 
Donnelly, her nurse and children were saved, and, with other 
women and children, landed by the first boat. Twice the 
boats returned to the wreck, and twice Mr. Donnelly yielded 
his place to others. In the third attempt to get off, the boats 
were swamped, and the crew became discouraged, and would 
not go back. In the mean time the storm increased, and Mr. 
Donnelly, with the two Mr. Carletons, took to the foremast, 
where the crew and many steerage passengers had sought 
temporary safety. Unhappily, this mast soon went by the 
board, and of about twenty persons on it, the only one saved 
was Mr. Briscoe, a cabin passenger, which was effected by 
his catching at the bowsprit rigging whence he was taken 
by the boats. " 

In the New York " Mechanic " in 1835 appears an adver- 
tisement of Rawson & McMurray. They conducted an emi- 
grant passage office in New York, patrons being directed to 
apply at 167 South street, or 100 Pine street. An extract 
from the advertisement thus reads : " The subscribers have 
made arrangements for getting out steerage passengers from 
Great Britain and Ireland, with promptness, economy and 
comfort, * * * no expense will be spared in the different 
ships by which the passengers will be received to insure to 
them every comfort during the passage. In all cases where 
the persons decline coming the money will be returned." 
Then follows a list of places in Ireland " for the accommoda- 
tion of those persons engaging passages for their friends who 
may wish to send money to provide for the voyage,*' It was 
announced in this connection that drafts would be g^ven on 
the following: William Miley, 16 Eden Quay, Dublin; James 
Leving, Shop street, Droglieda; Richard Pardon, Steamboat 
agent, Newry; John Hiram Shaw, Chichester Quay, Belfast; 



r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY I $9 



James L. McCrea, Londonderry; Mathew McCam, Steam 
Packet Office, Wexford; Edmund Shehan, King street, 
VVaterford; John McAuliff, Merchant Quay, Cork. 

Douglas, Robinson & Co., of New York, announce, in 
1835, that " In order to unite and meet the views of our 
friends on both sides of the Atlantic, eagles, half eagles and 
quarter eagles have been shipped to Ireland with the object, 
solely, of accommodating as much as possible those select- 
ing the Robinsons' Line, — a consideration of importance, as 
it does away with the possibility of being imposed on by 
purchasing doubloons or other currency to which they are 
strangers. Passage secured in good American ships free 
from detentions at moderate rates in weekly opportunities." 

In the New York " American Flag, " the " Jeffersonian " 
and other papers of New York city, appear frequently at this 
time, other advertisements of Douglas, Robinson & Co. 
Among them are the following: 

■' Passage from Londonderry — (with a free passage across 
to Liverpool in the Princess Victoria, and Robert Napier). 
Those desirous of sending for their friends from the Province 
of Ulster, have now an early opportunity of doing so, at 
moderate rates, in choice American ships, where the accom- 
modations are comfortable and complete. Drafts as usual 
on the Company's Agent, Mr. Samuel Robinson. Apply or 
address 246 Pearl Street. " 

" Passage from Ireland. — Parties are respectfully informed 
they can now enter into early arrangements for the bringing 
out of their friends residing in the provinces of [Leinster], 
Ulster, Connaught, and Munster. The subscribers, with the 
view of affording every accommodation to their many friends, 
beg to advise them that Mr. James D. Roche will leave New 
York in the packet ship North America, on the 16th day of 
December, for the purpose of aiding and assisting in Ireland, 
friends of those giving a preference to their line — an arrange- 
ment which will be pleasing to all." 

" Passage from Newry, Dundalk, Warrens Point and 
Drogheda can now be secured in first rate packet ships, — 



l6o IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

where the accommodations are comfortable and complete, — 
the passage has been fixed at 15 dollars which includes the 
hospital money." 

" Passage from Belfast to New York, via Liverpool, with 
a free passage across in the steamer. Engagements have 
been entered into for comfortably bringing out steerage 
passengers from Belfast to New York. Drafts on the Com- 
pany's Agent, Mr. Charles Allen, 106 High Street. Apply 
or address 246 Pearl Street." 

" Passage from Dublin. — ^Those desirous of having their 
friends out can now do so in first-class packet ships. Drafts 
as usual at sight on the Messrs. Robinson & Co., Dublin." 

" Intended as a regular packet ship between Sligo and 
New York, — the new ship, " Sligo Packet, " W. Britton,. 
master, sails from Sligo for New York on isth May. For 
passage only, apply to Gilbert McGloine, Sligo, — the Messrs. 
Robinson & Co., Dublin; Messrs. Robinson Brothers, Liver- 
pool; or Douglas, Robinson & Co., 246 Pearl Street, New 
York." 

" Passage from Sligo. — Passages direct from Sligo, can be 
engaged in a good American ship to sail from thence on the 
15th May. Drafts on the Company's Agent, Mr. Gilbert 
McGloine, — fare $17 which includes hospital money." 

" Passage from Cork, Waterford, etc., can be secured in 
good ships at moderate rates at 246 Pearl Street." 

" Passage from Liverpool, passages from the different 
parts of England, Ireland, and Scotland can at all times be 
engaged on board first rate ships, leaving Liverpool every 
week and on the most reasonable terms, by applying to 
Douglas, Robinson & Co. 246 Pearl Street." 

** Passage from Waterford can at all times be secured, and 
drafts obtained, payable at the company's agent, Mr. Gilbert 
McGloine. Apply or address 246 Pearl Street." 

In Aug. 1835, Douglas & Co., of 216 Pearl Street, New 
York, advertised to take passengers from the old country 
to Canada. The line was to be known as " The Robinsons' 
Line Packets. " The vessels comprising the line were the 



*' St. Patrick," " Ballinasloe," " Emerald Isle." " England," 
" Ireland, " and " Wales. " The price of passage from Liver- 
pool to Quebec was $i6, and it was announced that "pure 
water and fuel will always be in abundance." 

In the New York " Shamrock " March i6, 1811, we find 
that: "The editor of the 'Shamrock' in order to render 
every possible service to his native countrymen on their ar- 
rival at the port of New York, and to facilitate their imme- 
diate settlement in this country, informs the proprietors of 
vacant lands, that he has opened a book where a full and mi- 
nute description of lands for sale may be registered, at a very 
trifling expense. The advantages resulting to proprietors 
will be, that on the arrival of emigrants, the book will be ex- 
posed to them, and the general and local advantages of the 
several lands clearly pointed out. Maps wiil also be taken 
charge of and exhibited, and persons wishing to purchase, 
referred to the proprietors or their agents, so that no com- 
mission on sales at this office will be incurred by either party 
— a wish to serve those from his native country, and promote 
the population, and consequently add to the strength and 
protection of our beloved adopted country, being the prin- 
cipal objects. Lands for sale will be advertised in the ' Sham- 
rock ' less than the established rate." 

A large number of Irish people perished in 1847 when 
the ship " Stephen Whitney " was lost. This vessel was on 
her forty-seventh voyage across the Atlantic at the time. 
She was insured in Wall st. and belonged to Robert 
Kermit, Joseph Sands, Isaac Harris, William Aymar, and 
Capt. Popham, of New York. She was built in 1839, and her 
tonnage was 869. Her commander, Capt. Popham, perished 
with the ship. He was about 40 years of age and was "an 
active, persevering, careful seaman." His father, Major 
Popham of New York, was an officer in the Revolution. 



CHAPTER XIV. 



The Irish of New York Well Represented in the War of 1812-15— 
Mention of a Number of Commissioned Officers — ^The Irish Republican 
Greens— The War with Mexico— The U. S. S. " Shamrock.' 



»» 



The Irish of New York city and state were well repre- 
sented in the war of 1812-15, and had many commissioned 
officers in the field. Among the military organizations in 
New York city was one known as the Irish Republican 
Greens. It had been organized before the war, and was com- 
posed of splendid material. The New York " Shamrock " of 
April 20, 181 1, states that: 

'* On the 15th inst., the Irish Republican Greens, with two 
corps of Volunteer Infantry, and two corps of Riflemen, as- 
sembled in the Park, whence they proceeded under the 
command of Major McClure to the quarters of Col. Laight, 
where they formed the line and then saluted the Col. at open 
order, music playing. They then shouldered arms, resumed 
close order and broke into open columns of platoons by 
filing from the right. The column then marched past the 
officers, etc., saluting. After the troops arrived at their ex- 
ercising ground various evolutions and firings were per- 
formed, the Riflemen occasionally skirmishing on the flanks 
and covering the retreat when passing defiles, which were 
marked by espontoons. The business of the field being over 
the troops were marched back and dismissed. We were 
highly gratified with the martial appearance of the officers 
and men as well as their steadiness under arms. We would 
beg leave to recommend to spectators of military reviews, 
in future to post themselves in such situations as not to in- 
terrupt the troops during their manoeuvres. " 

The Irish Republican Greens were in existence as early 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 163 

as 1808, At one period, their uniform comprised a light 
green coat, white pantaloons, and a black helmet of leather. 
The Greens were consolidated, early in the war of 1812, 
with Capt. Stryker's riflemen, and designated as the First 
Regiment of New York Riflemen. Francis McClure, who 
had commanded the Greens, was appointed to command the 
regiment. Speaking of McClure's regiment, R. S. Guernsey, 
in his work on "New York and Vicinity During the War of 
1812-15," says: "That part of it called the 'Republican 
Greens ' having expressed a desire to aid in the conquest of 
Canada, they were excepted from the command of Lieut.-Col. 
Van Buren, stationed on Long Island, and on the 23d of 
September they embarked from New York on board sloops 
to Albany as volunteers for a six months' service on the 
Niagara frontier. There were five companies under Cap- 
tains Tate. Powers. H. Walker. Dillon, and A. Walker." 

Upon arriving at the frontier, companies from Albany 
and Baltimore were added, thus bringing the command up to 
eleven companies. McClure was then in command as lieuten- 
ant-colonel. He served under Gen. Alex. Smyth in upper 
Canada, in Nov., 1812, and was at the head of his regiment 
at the capture of York (Toronto), in April, 1813. and at the 
capture of Fort George in May of the same year. An officer 
named John McClure, of New York, was assigned during 
the war to command the second battalion of the Ninety- 
seventh Regiment. 

On Dec. 24, 1814, an order was issued to the effect that 
" Owen McGowen, private of the 27th Regiment Infantry, 
ts attached as an attendant on the United States line of 
Telegraphs from New York to Sandy Hook under the direc- 
tion of Captain Christopher Colles, Superintendent. By 
command : Thos. Chrystie, Asst. Adj. Genl. " Capt. Colles, 
here mentioned, was an Irishman and famous engineer. 
During the Revolution he had been an instructor in gunnery 
in the American Continental Army. He claimed to have 
constructed the first steam engine built in America. 

Another gallant officer, in the war of 181 2, was Capt. 



H 



1 64 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

James Maher, commander of a company of riflemen, Albany, 
N. Y. In an order issued at Albany, Sept. 29, 181 2, he was 
ordered to " rendezvous and march with Col. McQure's New 
York Detachment and as part thereof, to Onondaga, or as 
soon after ♦ * as possible." Another order issued at Lima 
(then in Ontario County), Oct. 22, 1812, reads as follows: 
"The Commander-in-chief is hereby pleased to assign and 
brevet Thomas Dawson as First Lieut., Thomas Doyle as 
Second Lieut., and Andrew Fagan as Elnsig^ in Captain 
Maher*s Rifle Company in the detachment now commanded ' 
bv Lt. Col. McClure." 

Lieut.-Col. Edmund Fitzgerald, in an order issued in 1812, 
is mentioned as commander of the Seventh New York 
regiment, and was attached to the second brigade of In- 
fantry-. Lieut.-Col. Richard Connor was commander of a bat- 
talion in Richmond Countv, N. Y. In accordance with an 
order issued Sept. 15, 1814, his battalion was united with the 
battalion of Lieut.-Col. Bevier to form a regiment. Capt. 
Daniel Mulholland commanded a company of artillery in 
New York state, during the war of 181 2, and is mentioned in 
the militar>' papers of Gov. Tompkins. 

Capt. Gregory Dillon commanded a company in the First 
Regiment of Riflemen. New York. The following order, 
dateil " Head-iiuarters. Xew York, 31st July, 18 12," men- 
tions him : •* .\t the request of Col. McGure the Commander- 
in-Chief is hereby pleased to organize a rifle company in the 
First Regiment of riflemen, and to assign Gregory Dillon 
as captain. John Higgins. Junior, as Lieutenant, and Anthony 
Calahan as Ensign thereof, until the Council of Appointment 
shall have announced its determination in the premises. And 
the Commander-in-Chief directs that the said company, and 
the company commanded by Captain Powers, be uniformed 
the siune as Major Fisher's battalion belonging to the said 
regiment. " 

James MoKeon, of Xew York city, was a captain in the 
Third I'. S. Artillery, and took part in the war of 1812. 
He was a member of the Hibernian Provident Society of 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 165 

New York and also of tlie Shamrock Friendly Association. 
He was the father of Hon. John McKeon, a prominent New 
York citizen. 

During the war, Congress passed a measure authorizing 
the borrowing of $16,000,000. The date of the passage of 
this act was Feb. 8, 1813. Among the New York firms and 
individuals contributing to this patriotic loan, together with 
the amounts, were: Kelly & Morrison, $20,000; Walsh & 
Gallagher, $10,000; James McBride, $io.ooo: Peter Murphy, 
Sro.ooo; Bernard Keenan. $4,000, The following patriotic 
address was issued at the time in New York city : 



The undersigned respectfully invite their Patriotic Irish 
Countrymen to meet this evening at eight o'clock, at Sagar's, 
comer of Nassau and George Streets, to complete a general 
arrangement for contributing their services to the works now 
constructing for the defence of the city. 

Saturday has been assigned for this purpose by the Com- 
tnitlee of Defence. 

(Signed). A. Morris. 

Wm. J. McNevin. 
Wtn, Sampson, 
Denis H. Doyle. 
^^ T. A. Emmet, 

Geo. Cuming. 
D. Maccarty. 
James Mather. 
Pat. M'Kay. 
J, O'Connor. 



4 



Similar appeals were issued to Irishmen in Boston and 
other cities. That to the Irishmen of Boston read as follows: 

" Boston Sons of Erin : — The Volunteer Irishmen in Bos- 
ton and its vicinity are requested to appear on Thursday 
morning, with their day's provisions, shovels, and pickaxes 
complete, to march to the fort now building on William's 
Island. James Magee, President," 

The following was issued in Baltimore, Md. : "Attention I 
Such Irishmen, or descendants of Irishmen, as are desirous 
of forming a volunteer company for the public service, are 



l66 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

requested to meet at Mr. Thomas Ryan's Tavern, North 
Gay Street, this evening at 7 o'clock. — ^The form of enroll- 
ment being prepared, gentlemen have only to subscribe their 
names; and none is invited to do so except men of reputable 
character and courageous hearts. Lameness either in body 
or reputation is an insurmountable qualification. Men who 
mean to fight side by side, must repose confidence in each 
other like brothers. No invidious design is conceived by 
composing a corps of Irish or descendants of Irish exclu- 
sively ; but, on the contrary, the evident purpose is, to give an 
instance of devotion to the cause of America; and at the same 
time, to afford the sons of the Shamrock an opportunity of 
chastising the myrmidons of England — Come forward then, 
you brave worthies, and inscribe your name on the roll of 
honour. The crisis forbids delay. It is resolved, that neither 
deranged man, nor busy bodies shall divert us from our pur- 
pose. " 

In the New York " Shamrock, " Sept. 26, 1812, is an ad- 
dress to the " Sons of Hibernia, Irishmen of America ! Gen- 
erous countrymen, attend! " It is an appeal to men of Irish 
blood to enlist in the service of the United States against 
England, and is signed " D. C," who was " a Catholic Lieut. 
i6th Reg. U. S. Inf. rendezvous, Petersburg, Adams' Co., 
Penn. " 

The responses to these and like invitations were immediate 
and hearty. This was especially so in New York city. From 
the " Shamrock" of Aug. 20, 181 4, we learn that " This day 
being assigned for receiving the services of the patriotic sons 
of Erin, and their numbers being reported at about 1 500, the 
whole ground was assigned to them. At 5 o'clock this morn- 
ing the whole body marched by wards, under their respective 
officers, to the park, from whence, being formed into com- 
panies of 50 each, they marched in two great divisions. One 
embarked at Beekman slip; the other at Catherine slip, and 
united at Brooklyn. They then proceeded to Fort Green, 
where their posts were assigned them by the chief engineer 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 167 

in compliance with a letter addressed to him by the com- 
mittee of defence * * *. Their appearance was animated 
and orderly. Two bands enlivened the scene, one of which 
was sent by Col. Deniston who, with several of his officers, 
joined in the ranks of their countrymen, A great display of 
colours enlivened the scene. Among the moving standards, 
that of Erin, poor Erin, was not forgot. * * * Each 
grand division of about loo men had a standard, two of which 
bore the names of Washington and Montgomery." 

A hero of our second war with England, of whom little has 
been said, was John O'Neil. Lossing, in his " Field Book" 
relating to that war. states that during it the British attacked 
Havre de Grace, Md. The Americans had erected a battery 
near the lighthouse which was called the Potato battery. As 
soon as the inhabitants of the town learned that they were to 
be attacked, the entire neighborhood flew to arms, the women 
and children were carried to places of safety and some 25a 
militiamen quickly assembled at their posts, but the British 
Admiral did not then appear, having decided to postpone the 
attack; the militia accordingly returned to their homes and 
vigilance was somewhat relaxed. Sometime after, however, 
the people of Havre de Grace were awakened at dawn by the 
report of arms. 

Lossing states that from fifteen to twenty barges were dis- 
covered approaching the conquered point on which the light- 
house stands. The guns on higher Point Comfort, guarded 
by a few lingering militia, opened upon thera and were re- 
turned by grapeshot from the enemy's vessels. The drums 
in the village beat to arms, the affrighted inhabitants, ha]f 
dressed, rushed to the streets, the non-combatants flying in 
terror to places of safety. The confusion was cruel, it was 
increased by the flight of hissing rockets, which set the 
houses in flames. These were followed by more destructive 
bombshells, and while the panic and fire were raging in the 
town the enemy landed. A strong party debarked in the 
cove by the present lighthouse, captured the small battery 
there, then pressed forward to seize the larger one. All but 



1 68 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

eight or ten of the militia had fled from the village, and John 
O'Neil, a brave Irishman, and Philip Albert alone remained 
at the battery. 

Albert was hurt and O'Neil attempted to manage the 
heaviest gun alone. He loaded and discharged it, when by 
its recoil his thigh was injured and he was disabled. They 
both then hurried toward the town and used their muskets 
until compelled to fly toward the open common near the 
Episcopal Church. Pursued by a British horseman, there 
O'Neil was captured, but Albert escaped. The brave Irish- 
man was carried on board the frigate '' Maidstone," and in 
the course of a few days was set at liberty. The guns of the 
battery were turned upon the town and added to the destruc- 
tion. John O'Neil was bom in Ireland, Nov. 23, 1768, and 
came to America when eighteen years of age. He served 
under Gen. Henry Lee in quelling the Whiskey insurrection 
in Western Pennsylvania. In 1798 he entered the naval serv- 
ice against the French. He conducted a nail manufactory at 
Havre de Grace, but the destruction of that place ruined his 
business. For his gallantry against the British he was pre- 
sented with a sword of honor by the city of Philadelphia. 
When the new lighthouse was built in 1829 he became its 
keeper. He died Jan. 26, 1838. 

The following communications appeared in the New York 
" Shamrock," May 22, 1813, being extracts from the Balti- 
more '* American " of May 14, 1813: " The following letter 
of General Miller to Admiral Warren, was sent with a flag 
by Major Hanson, with instructions to proceed with all pos- 
sible dispatch to the Admiral's ship, that the protection of 
the government of the United States might be extended in 
defence of a citizen, from dangers they believed to menace 
him. Admiral Warren's answer follows." 



Head Quarters, Baltimore, May 8, 1813. 
Sir: — It becomes my duty to represent to your excellency 
that a citizen of the United States, and an inhabitant of 
Havre-de-Grace for the last fifteen years, named O'Ncalc, 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 169 

has been recently taken in arms and in defence of his prop- 
•erty and his family at that place, by a detachment from his 
Britannic Majesty's fleet serving under your command; and 
that the said O'Neale has been menaced with immediate 
and capita] punishment, as a traitor to the government of his 
Britannic Majesty, on the ground of his being by birth an 
Irishman. Nothing in the course of public duty would be 
more painful to me than the obligations of resorting to the 
law of retaliation on this or any other occasion; but, sir, in 
the event of O'Neale's execution, painful as may be the duty, 
it becomes unavoidable; and I am authorized and commanded 
to stale to your excellency, that two British subjects shall be 
selected by lot or otherwise, and immediately executed. 

It is for your excellency to choose whether a character of 
such barbarism be or be not given to the war waged under 
your immediate direction, 

I beg, sir, that you will do me the honor to accept the 
:assurance of my very great respect and consideration. 

Henry Miller, Brigadier General. 

His Excellency Sir John Borlase Warren. 

H. M. S. San Domingo. 



I 



Chesapeake, May lo, 1813. 
Sir — I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 
the 8th inst., respecting a man named O'Neale, taken by the 
detachment from the squadron under the orders of Rear 
Admiral Cockbuni. This man has been released upon the 
application of the magistrates of Havre-de-Grace, on parole. 
I was nol informed of this man being an Irishman, or he 
would certainly have been detained, to account to his sov- 
■ereign and country for being in arms against the British 
•colors, 

I have the honor to be. 

Sir, your most obedient, 

Humble servant, 

John Borlase Warren, 



The following is an extract of a letter from John O'Neil, 
•" who was taken at Havre-de-Grace, bravely fighting alone 
in the cause of his adopted country," to a gentleman in Balti- 
inore: 



17© IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Havre-de-Gracc, May lo. 

No doubt before this you have heard of my defeat. On 
the 3d inst., we were attacked by 15 English barges at break 
of day. They were not discovered by the sentry until they 
were close to the town. We had a small breast-work erected, 
with two 6 and one 9 pounder in it; and I was stationed at 
one of the guns. When the alarm was given I ran to the 
battery, and found but one man there and two or three came 
afterwards. After firing a few shots they retreated, and left 
me alone in the battery. The grape shot flew very thick 
about me. I loaded the gun myself, without any one to serve 
the vent, which you know is very dangerous, and fired her, 
when she recoiled and ran over my thigh. 

I retreated down town, and joined Mr. Barnes at the nail 
manufactory, with a musket, and fired on the barges while we 
had ammunition, and then retreated to the commons, where 
I kept waving my hat to the militia, who ran away, to come 
to our assistance : they, however, proved cowardly and would 
not come back. At the same time an Englis^h officer on 
horseback, followed by the marines, rode up, and took me 
with 2 muskets in my hand. I was carried on board the 
Maidstone frigate, where I remained until released, 3 days 
since. 



In the " New York Regiment of Volunteers," for the war 
with Mexico, were a large number of officers and men who 
bore Irish names. Among them were Adjutant James H. 
McCabe, Acting Chaplain Rev. M. McCarty, Capt. S. S. Gal- 
lagher, Lieut. Michael A. Curran, Lieut. Charles F. Galla- 
gher, Lieut. Francis G. Boyle, Lieut. David Scannell, Lieut 
Thomas J. Rogers, Lieut. E. B. Carroll, Lieut. John Rafferty, 
Sergeant Major Patrick O'Gorman, Quartermaster Sergeant 
Edward McCutcheon, Quartermaster Sergeant William H. 
Kearney and Musician Patrick Berry. Lieut. Charles F. 
Gallagher died near the City of Mexico, Sept. 10, 1847, ag^ 
27 years, 2 months, and 20 days. His body, together witb 
the remains of other officers of the regiment, was brought 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 171 

home and given an impressive funeral in New York city, late 
in July, 1848. 

On St. Patrick's Day, 1863, the U. S. S. " Shamrock " was 
launched at the Brooklyn navy yard. The event was marked 
by great enthusiasm. Says the New York " Tribune " of 
March 18, that year: 

" Yesterday the U. S. double bowed steam gunboat ' Sham- 
rock ' was launched from the new stone ways of the western 
ship house at the Navy Yard. An immense tlirong of specta- 
tors was present, our Hibernian citizens being largely repre- 
sented. Admiral Paulding, accompanied by some friends, 
arrived on the wharf at 8 o'clock, and soon after the vessel 
was floated off, Miss Julia Bryant, daughter of the editor of 
' The Evening Post,' performing the baptismal ceremony. No 
ship launched at Brooklyn was ever greeted with applause so 
boisterous, since the old ' Brandywine ' was completed. The 
' Shamrock ' is a copy of the ' Mendota,' ' Metacomet,' ' Sas- 
sacus,' ' Tallapoosa ' and ' Chicopee,' which are all afloat, hav- 
ing been launched since Jan. 15. Her hull is somewhat more 
firmly built than those got up by contract, and there is no sign 
of the ' volunteer ' about her. Her masts are in course of 
preparation, as is her armament, which will consist of 8 guns, 
two of them being i i-inch pivot guns." 

The New York " Herald," speaking of the launching of 
the ■' Shamrock," states that Master Brady had charge of 
the deck, and that " Miss Sallie Bryant, daughter of W. C. 
Bryant, broke the christening bottle of Irish wliiskey over 
the bow * * *. A beautiful shamrock wreath was sub- 
sequently presented to her as a souvenir of the occasion." 
Whether the young lady's name was Julia, as the " Tribune " 
states, or Sallie, as the " Herald " has it, makes no material 
difference. 

The " Shamrock's " guns must, later, have been increased, 
as a recent letter to the writer, from the Navy Department, 
states that she carried 1 1 guns. The New York " Herald " 
gives her length as 240 feet; beam, 35 feet; depth of hold, 12 
feet; tonnage, 970. The cost of the " Shamrock's " hull we 



172 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

have been unable to ascertain, but the hull of the " Tacony/' 
which was a vessel of the same class, cost $173,761.25. The 
total cost of the "Tacony" was $255,761.25. The cost of 
the " Shamrock " would be approximately the same. The 
** Shamrock " had 18 officers and 160 men. Her officers at 
New York, June 17, 1864, were: 

Commander, W. H. Macomb; Lieutenant, Rufus K. Duer; 
Acting Ensigns, W. W. Meeker, Rowland B. Brown, John 
W. Lewis, Geo. T. Ford; Acting Assistant Surgeon, Philip 
H. Barton; Acting Assistant Paymaster, Louis Sands; Act- 
ing Master, P. J. Hargous; Captain's Clerk, Henry A. Ma- 
comb; Paymaster's Qerk, C. C. Flint; Second Assistant En- 
gineers, S. W. Cragg, W. H. Harrison; Third Assistant 
Engineers, Sam'l H. Lewis, W. F. Blackmore, Otis C. Cham- 
berlain ; Acting Gunner, Frederick Peterkin ; Acting Master's 
Mate, W. D. Burlingame. 

The " Shamrock " served in the North Atlantic blockad- 
ing fleet, chiefly in the shallow waters along the Carolina 
coasts. Of her officers just mentioned. Acting Gunner's 
Mate Peterkin, and Acting Master's Mate Burlingame ac- 
companied Lieut. Cushing at 10 p.m. Oct. 27, 1864, to blow 
up the " Albemarle " on Roanoke river. They took with 
them ten men. Cushing was chief of the expedition and 
had been quartered on the " Shamrock " a part of the time. 
During her trip from New York to Albemarle sound, he had 
lived chiefly in his open launch. The " Shamrock " took 
part in the capture of Plymouth, N. C, Oct. 31, 1864, and 
raised the ram "Albemarle," March 18, 1865, besides per- 
forming much other service. The " Shamrock " went out 
of commission at the Philadelphia navy yard, Aug. 15, 1865, 
and on Sept. i, 1868, was sold to E. Stannard for $19,700. 




CHAPTER XV. 

Early Irish Professional People in New York City— An Educational 
Institute at Btoomingdale— Many Irish Educators in New York — Irish 
Schoolmasters Before and After the Revolution. 

Irish physicians, lawyers, educators and other professional 
people have been prominent in New York from an early 
period. We have seen that Thomas Flynn was a " chirur- 
geon " in New York as far back as 1702. Dr, James Ma- 
grath arrived in the city about 1740, in company with Dr. 
John Brett and Thomas Rodman, and practiced here for 
some 40 years. He " maintained a reputation for austere 
manners and original views," and was a strong advocate of 
the plentiful use of water for curative purposes. 

Samuel Clossy, an Irish physician, began lecturing on 
anatomy, in New York city, as early as 1734, and in 1767 
became a professor of anatomy in King's College. He has 
been referred to as " the rubicand " Dr. Clossy. Because 
of his outspoken views as a patriot, he became obnoxious to 
the British and was burlesqued in one of the theatres. A 
short time before the Revolution, he went back to Ireland 
and died there. While at King's College, New York, he had 
also been professor of natural philosophy. He assisted in 
organizing the medical department of the institution. 

Francis Bull was a translator of languages, at 24 William 
street, New York, as far back as 1806. In a card issued that 
year he states that he is " Thankful to his friends and the 
public for past favors, [and] informs them that he continues 
translating the following languages: German, Dutch, Irish, 
French, Spanish, Portuguese, English, and Italian, and vice 
versa, with neatness and dispatch. He settles accounts, ever 
so intricate, for masters of vessels and others — all on the 
most moderate terms." 






174 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

From the " Memoirs of Miss Nano Nagle " * we learn 
that, in 1810, the Ursuline community, in Ireland, received 
an invitation to establish a branch of their institute in New 
York. The narrative is a most interesting one, so much so, 
that we here reproduce it : 



In the year 1810, a proposal was made to the Ursuline 
community for the establishment of a branch of their insti- 
tute in the city of New York. This proposal originated with 
the Very Rev. Dr. Koleman [Kohlman], Vicar-General 
of that city, and was communicated to Dr. Moylan, and by 
him to the religious. Nothing more was done at that time 
than to commend the matter to God, and weigh with anxious 
and mature deliberation the advantages and disadvantages 
of the proposed foundation. On the renewal of the pro- 
posal, however, in the following year, a definite answer be- 
came necessary and was required. 

It was found from the preparations that had been made 
for their reception, and the means provided for their future 
subsistence, that the proposed establishment had every 
prospect of success. A very beautiful house was, it was said, 
already purchased, situate in a park of six acres of land, 
and only six miles from the city. It had been purchased by 
a respectable Catholic merchant, who in his zeal for their wel- 
fare, engaged to make whatever alterations or improvements 
the peculiar nature of their duties required. It was said to 
be worth 10,000 Dollars, and living within two miles of the 
Jesuits' College, the advantages of spiritual guidance and 
ministration were sure of being procured with convenience 
and regularity. The expenses of the voyage were to be de- 
frayed by those for whose benefit they were destined and 
should the wants of their own mission, or the wish of their 
Bishop or superiors, demand their return back again to Ire- 
land, every facility was to be afforded them. 

These precautionary measures having been adopted, three 
experienced and zealous missionaries were selected from the 
body of the religious. Their names were sister De Chanta 
Walsh, sister M. Anne Fagan, and sister M. Paul Baldwin. 

♦"Memoirs of Miss Nano Nagle, and of the Ursuline and Presenta- 
tion Orders in Ireland, Compiled from Authentic and Hitherto Unpub- 
lished Documents," by the Rev. Dominick Murphy. Cork: Printed by 
Joseph Roche, 84 George's Street, 1845. 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 1 75 

Their preparations for the journey being completed, they 
left home in the beginning of March, 1812, and set out under 
the protection of two clergymen of the order of Saint Domi- 
nick, who were appointed to accompany them to America. 
During their stay in Dublin, they availed themselves of the 
kind and generous hospitality of the sisters of the Presenta- 
tion convent at George's Hill, where they remained for the 
space of ten days. On the 19th of the month, they set sail 
in the brig Erin for New York. In working out of the bay 
of Dublin, the vessel got on a bank, and such was the force 
of the wind and tide, that she threatened in a few minutes 
to go to pieces. But the Almighty had other purposes in 
view for those who were on board, and she fortunately was 
got off after a little time by the exertions of the crew. 

This was not the only peril from which they were saved. 
The night that preceded Holy Thursday, which that year 
fell on the 25th of March, was one of more than usual cold. 
The thermometer sunk many degrees below what it was 
usually known to do in the latitudes in which they then were, 
and the very sailors themselves, hardy and weather-beaten as 
they were, were affected by the intense and piercing cold. No 
one could tell whence or how it came until the light of morn- 
ing disclosed the cause. The sea, to the utmost verge of the 
horizon, was covered with enormous icebergs, some of them 
more than 400 feet above the level of the water, and sunk 
more than twice that depth below. They were drifting along 
by the current of the ocean, and they had been sailing the 
whole night, through the midst of them, without being aware 
of their proximity, or danger. If the vessel in the darkness 
of the night, or through the ignorance of the man at the 
helm, struck against any one of them, it had inevitably and in- 
stantly gone to pieces. Not a soul would have survived to 
tell the sad tale of their disaster. 

After a voyage of twenty days, which was a very favoura- 
ble one in those times, they arrived in New York on the 
ninth of April. They remained a week in the house of Mr. 
O'Connor, the master of the vessel in which they came, to 
recruit their strength after the fatigues of the voyage. They 
were received with a most cordial welcome by the Rev. Dr. 
Koleman, who had been expecting their arrival, and by 
some of the most respectable Roman Catholics of the city. 
After some delays, and sundry trifling obstacles, which they 
were hardly prepared to expect, they took possession of 
Bloomingdale, for so was their residence called. 



176 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

But the difficulties of their position began by degfrees to 
rise up before them. They had been led to hope that several 
American ladies would have joined the institute on their 
arrival, but they found none, nor did there seem the imme- 
diate prospect of any accessions to their numbers. One 
person did, indeed, present herself for admission, but a 
short trial was sufficient to demonstrate her utter incom- 
petency, and she was accordingly dismissed. They opened 
their schools shortly after their arrival, which before the end 
of the year, were attended by a considerable number of pu- 
pils of different religious persuasions who were attracted to 
the convent by the talent and reputation of those by whom 
they were conducted. 

They were duly incorporated by an act of the 
State Legislature, New York, on the 25th of March^ 
18 14, and received thereby power to make bye-laws 
for their own government, and the regulation of their 
pupils and domestics, which laws were not, however, 
to interfere in any manner with the rights conferred by 
the state under which they lived. They became a body cor- 
porate, to receive such g^fts or legacies, as within a certain 
amount may be made or devised to them. Notwithstanding 
these partial advantages, their position at Bloomingdale was 
far from comfortable, and their prospects anything but en- 
couraging. After three years, they seem to have abandoned 
all hope of receiving any accession to their numbers. 

It was stipulated from the very beginning that a fit abode 
should be prepared for their reception, yet. they were re- 
peatedly pressed, during the first year of their residence, to 
take on themselves a debt of considerable amount, which the 
trustees had contracted in the purchase of the building. The 
comforts of religion were afforded them only at uncertain 
and irregular intervals. In fact, they had been for an entire 
month without hearing Mass or approaching the sacraments, 
even on Sundays. And though within six miles of New 
York, they were dependent on the casual visit of a passing 
clergyman for the most necessary ministrations of religion. 
These privations made them often sigh after the spiritual 
conveniences and blessings of their own monastery, and tears 
would often start to their eyes as their thoughts reverted to 
their former sisters. The docility of their Irish pupils, their 
submission to authority, and their reverence for those who 
were placed over them, contrasted favourably and strongly 
with the assumption, pride, and petulance which the name 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 177 

and perhaps the reality of political independence was devel- 
oping in the youthful character of America, and which in al- 
most every instance interfered with the efficacy of their 
teaching. When these matters were represented to their 
superiors at home, it became a subject of much and anxious 
discussion, whether the establishment should not be dis- 
solved and its members recalled. This step was at length 
resolved on and an order transmitted, requiring them to dis- 
solve the schools and return home with as little delay as pos- 
sible. 

In obedience to these commands they dismissed the pu- 
pils to their homes. They were 29 in number, many of them 
baptized while under their care, and all instructed in the 
principles of the Catholic religion. On the 27th day of 
April, they took leave of Bloomingdale for ever. They set 
sail the next day for Ireland, accompanied by a few clergy- 
men, and a lay gentleman, a near relative of one of the sister- 
hood in Cork, who was especially interested in their safety 
and comfort, and who engaged to see them to the end of their 
journey. 



Their ship touched at Halifax, N. S., where they remained 
about nine weeks, as the guests of Rev, Dr. Burke. They 
reached their convent in Cork, Aug. 13. 

In 181 1, Thomas Finlay, "from Trinity College, Dublin," 
was conducting a boarding school at Manhattanville, N. Y. 
P. S. Casserly, a scholar of note, came from Ireland in 1824, 
and settled in New York city. He conducted, first at 36 
Cherry street, and later in other locations, a " Chrestomatic 
Institution or Seminary for General Education." He edited 
editions of the classics, and offered " an extensive course of 
useful as well as polite education not surpassed by any in the 
United States." He was the father of Hon. Eugene Casserly, 
who, in 1869, was elected United States senator from Cali- 
fomia. Eugene was also bom in Ireland and was brought 
to New York, by his parents, when he was but two years of 
age. 

B. McGowan was conducting, in 1825, a school at 208 
William St., New York, referred to as a " classical and mathe- 
matical academy." Miss Keogh was a resident of New York 



17^ IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

city in 1825. In October of that year she published an 
advertisement reading as follows : " Miss Keogfa respectfully 
informs her friends that she is returned to the city and in- 
tends opening a school for a limited number of young Ladies 
on the first of November at 236 Bowery. Persons who wish 
to place young Ladies under Miss Keogh's charge will please 
call on her at 2 Market Street previous to the above date." 

In 1826, John David Walsh was principal of the United 
States Academy, 16 Doyers street, New York. Children of 
both sexes were instructed there. Mrs. Walsh assisted in 
teaching the girls. William M. McGuckin resided, in 1826, 
at 45 Lispenard street, and announced, on Jtme 19, of that 
year, that he would open a school at his house. P. Ryan 
conducted a '^ Mercantile and Mathematical Academy " at 
136 Mulberry street, New York, about 1826. He states 
that " A lady well qualified attends the female department" 
Thomas S. Brady was " an attorney and counsellor-at-law 
and translator "at 13 Beekman street, about 1826. He also 
taught in A. A. Carpenter's Lafayette school, Vandcwater 
street, where he imparted tuition in Greek, Latin, Frendi, 
and Spanish. He was the father of James T. and Judge John 
R. Brady. 

James D. Boy Ian came from Ireland in 1828, located in 
New York city, and opened a " Pay School." He refers to 
himself as " Brother James D. Boylan." He advertised that 
in his school would be taught ** The Classics, Mathematics 
and all the branches of a complete English education * *." 
He also refers to his " Associates " and states that " The de- 
sign of these lay brothers embraces two main objects, edu- 
cation and the promotion of religion." He is believed to 
have removed from New York during the latter part of 
1830. 

In 1828, Bernard McAvoy located in New York city. He 
taught in Rev. Father Varela's school, which was located in 
the rear of 31 Ann street. In January, 1831, Mr. McAvoy 
established an academy of his own at 8 Perry street. In 
May, 1 83 1, he removed to 46 Mulberry street. James Ryan 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 179 

conducted a bookstore at 322 Broadway, in 1828, and proba- 
bly prior thereto. His store has been referred to as a " Cath- 
olic landmark." He was a " mathematical scholar and 
astronomer of much local repute." In 1828, he, with John 
Rutherford, started a classical school at 75 Franklin street, 
New York. About 1830, Patrick Lee, " a Tipperary school- 
master of the old type, strong in mathematics," was conduct- 
ing an academy at 390 Pearl street. New York, Among 
the branches he taught was a " method of finding the Lati- 
tude at Sea by double Altitudes with the Lunar Observa- 
tions." He also announced that " Young Gentlemen in- 
tended for West Point Academy will find it their interest to 
apply." In 1831, Peter Byrne was conducting a school at 54 
Liberty street. He is referred to as " an old resident of New 
York city." At about the same time, Andrew C. Byrne had 
a school at 254 Grand street. In addition to the foregoing, 
many others might be mentioned as teaching in New York 
at those periods. 

Irish teachers were numerous throughout the American 
colonies long before the Revolution. In 1898, the American- 
Irish Historical Society brought out a publication [by Hon. 
John C. Linehan and Thomas Hamilton Murray] on the sub- 
ject. It was entitled : " Irish Schoolmasters in the Ameri- 
can Colonies, 1640-1775, with a Continuation of the Subject 
During and After the War of the Revolution." From it we 
make the following extracts : 

" Many of the leading patriots of the Revolution were edu- 
cated by Irish teachers, and regarded their instructors with 
respect and affection. Lossing, speaking of Rev. Dr. Ali- 
son, who was one of these Irish educators, says : ' His chief 
claim to honor among men is that he was the tutor of a large 
number of Americans who were conspicuous actors in the 
events of the revolution that accomplished the independence 
of the United States.' 

" Peter Pelham started a school in Boston as early as 1734. 
He was one of the Protestants who founded the Charitable 
Irish Society of that city and is described as ' of the Irish 
Nation residing in Boston.' In 1737 an application to the 



1 



l8o IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

selectmen appears from him for ' Liberty to open a School in 
this Town for the Education of Children in Reading, Writ- 
ing, Needle-work, Dancing and the Art of Painting upon 
Glass, etc/ His application was granted. 

" Robert Alexander, with his brothers Archibald and Wil- 
liam, came here from Ireland about 1736, and may justly be 
considered the founder of Washington and Lee University, 
Virginia. Robert started a school in 1749 which was known 
as Augusta Academy until 1776; from the latter year until 
1798 it was called Liberty Hall Academy; from I79i8 to 1813 
it was styled Washington Academy; from 1813 to 1871 it 
was Washington College, and' in 1871 it received its present 
title — Washington and Lee University. This was the insti- 
tution to which, in 1826, John Robinson, an Irishman who 
had served under Washington and had become a trustee of 
the College, bequeathed his estate valued at $46,500. At a 
later period, Mrs. Caroline Donovan, of Baltimore, left the 
institution a legacy of $10,000. 

" Wall, an Irishman, was the first teacher in a school es- 
tablished by Sir William Johnson in the Mohawk Valley. 

'* The Irish Tennents were a family of disting^shed edu- 
cators. Rev. William Tennent, Sr., came to America in 
1 71 6 with his two sons, Gilbert and William. The father 
established, at Neshaminy, Pa., about 1726, the famous Log 
College, which is held by some to have been the germ of the 
College of New Jersey. When the latter institution needed 
help, about 1754, Rev. Gilbert Tennent was one of two sent 
abroad to solicit aid. He visited England, Scotland and 
Ireland, and was hospitably entertained by the Irish Presby- 
terian Synod. Gilbert was a native of Armagh, in Ireland. 
In 1740-41, as a Presbyterian, he travelled on a missionary 
tour through New England. 

" Robert Adrain, an Irishman, was another prominent 
American educator. He was bom in Carrickferg^s, Sept, 30, 
1775. He became a member of the Society of United Irish- 
men and participated in the Irish revolt of 1798. He was a 
school-teacher in his sixteenth year. In the outbreak of 
1798, just mentioned, Adrain had command of a company, 
and the English oflFered a reward of £50 for his capture. He 
escaped, however, and came to the United States. He taught 
in an academy located at Princeton, N. J.; became principal 
of York County Academy, Pa. ; had charge of an academy in 
Reading, Pa. ; was made Professor of Mathematics and Natu- 
ral Philosophy in what is now Rutgers College; became pro- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY iSl 

fessor of the same branches in Columbia CoHege, New York, 
and was later Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, 

" In the town of Somersworth, N. H., which is situated on 
the Maine border, Hercules iWooney was teaching school in 
1734. His given name indicates at least a knowledge of 
Grecian history on the part of those bestowing the name on 
this exile of Erin. His descendants are numerous, and live 
mainly in the eastern part of the Slate where they are among 
the most substantial of the old stock. 

" William Donovan, an Irish schoolmaster, kept a gram- 
mar school in the town of Weare, N, H., in 1773. He was 
reputed to be a fine scholar, excellently versed in the classics, 
and is well spoken of in the State records. He removed later 
to New Boston, where he followed his profession. One of his 
pupils in Latin was Judge Jeremiah Smith, in his day one of 
the most eminent men in the State and one of its governors 
and, like Donovan, of Irish parentage. Judge Jeremiah 
Smith, one of his sons, became professor of law at Harvard 
University. 

" Maurice Lynch, a native of Galway, Ireland, was one of 
the first settlers in the town of Antrim, N. H. He was an 
energetic man, taught school, was a surveyor of land, and the 
first clerk of the town. He wrote a fine hand, and to this 
day the records made by him are shown with pride by the 
people of Antrim. This town derives its name from Antrim, 
Ireland. 

" Darby Kelly is described by one of his descendants as a 
bright, quick-witted Irishman. He came to New Hampshire 
early in the eighteenth century, locating in Exeter, where 
his name can be found on the list of rate-payers of the town. 
School-teaching and fighting the French and Indians kept 
him busy. His son, Samuel Kelly, was one of the first settlers 
of the town of New Hampton. One of his descendants 
wedded Hon. Joseph H. Walker, of Worcester, Mass. 

" Rev. James MacSparran, who was a native of Ireland, 
became pastor of St. Paul's Church (Anglican) in Narragan- 
sett, R, I,, 1721, and continued to occupy the position until 
his death, in 1757. MacSparran taught many pupils at his 
home, imparting a knowledge of the Greek and Latin clas- 
sics and various other branches. Writing, in 1752, he says: 
' Mr. Thomas Gap, president of Yale CoHIege. was my 
scholar when I came first to these parts, and on all occasions 
gratefully acknowledges his receiving the first rudiments of 



1 82 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

his learning from me, who, by the way, have but a modicum 
to boast of myself.' 

" One of the earliest Irish schoolmasters in Rhode Island 
was ' Old Master ' Kelly. He taught at Tower Hill, South 
Kingstown, for a great many years; just how many is not 
certain. Commodore Perry, the hero of Lake Erie, was 
born in 1785, and when a boy was one of Master Kelly's 
pupils. But it is said that even then Kelly had already 
taught three generations of the youth of the neighborhood. 
In the ' Narragansett Historical Register,' editor James N. 
Arnold says : * Master Kelly was an Irishman and noted for 
his love of a good joke, a good dinner, and his courtesy of 
manner.' Anecdote and reminiscence of Mr. Kelly are still 
numerous among the old families in that part of Rhode 
Island. * It is recorded of the worthy pedagogue, that dur- 
ing the whole of his long servitude at Tower Hill, he had 
never once been known to lose his temper, but ever preserved 
a blessed equanimity, to be envied by all of his arduous and 
important calling.' 

" In Cole's ' History of Washington and Kent Counties, 
R. I.,' it is stated that * before 1800, Masters Crocker and 
Knox, natives of Ireland, taught school at Bowen's Hill and 
vicinity.' Bowen's Hill is in Coventry." 

" The following legal notice appears in the Providence, 
R. I., 'Gazette,' Feb. 7, 1789: 'Know ye, that Terence 
Reily, of Providence, schoolmaster, on the twenty-fifth day 
of December, 1788, at my house at Smithfield, lodged with 
me the sum £357 6s.,' etc. This was in payment of a sum 
due by Master Reily to Joseph Arnold in connection with a 
mortgage." 

Michael Walsh was a schoolmaster, who long taught at 
Newburyport and Salisbury, Mass. Samuel Hoyt, of Ames- 
bury, Mass., had an article in the Newburyport " Daily 
News, " Sept. 26, 1903, in which he pays a high tribute to 
" Master " Walsh. We here append Mr. Hoyt's contribu- 
tion. 



Many men are now living in this vicinity who were pupils of 
Michael Walsh, A.M., the Irish schoolmaster of Newbury- 
port and Salisburypoint, whose ashes repose in the Salisbury 
Point cemetery, beside those of his wife. The burial lot is en- 



r 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 183 



closed by iron rods, lately painted, fitted into a high granite 
post on each corner. One of the stones in the enclosure is 
separately dedicated to the memory of his wife, and is of slate. 
The other, of marble, records the demise of " Master Walsh, 
his wife and their son John," the inscription reading : " Michael 
Walsh, a native of Ireland, died Aug. 20, 1840, aged yy. — 
Hannah, his wife, died June 18, 1803, aged 38. John, their 
son, died at St. Louis, Dec. 3, 1845, aged 51." The latter 
■was at one time postmaster at Amesbur>% Mass., and after- 
ward a mathematician (possibly an instructor) in the United 
States navy. 

Master Walsh's wife was Hannah of the present town of 
Salisbury. Besides the son mentioned there were five daugh- 
ters from the union, Joanna, Betsy, Mary, Dolly and another 
whose name I do not recall, who married in West Newbury, 
The two first were teachers, Joanna teaching the mixed com- 
mon school at the Point and Betsy a " young ladies' " school 
there, where was taught a great variety of women's accom- 
plishments in the way of laces, common needlework, etc. 
An aged lady at the Point told me a few days ago that she 
attended the school and that her first achievement there 
was the making of a shirt. So it will be observed that the 
school of the daugliter was practical, as was that of the father. 
There was one respect in which the father was not practical, 
however. While he was an expert mathematician, he was 
not much of a mechanic. It is related that once, having 
occasion to put a button on a cupboard door, he placed it on 
the door instead of on fhe jamb and was not only wroth, but 
astonished that the door wotild not stay closed. I believe 
" Master " Walsh's first residence in this neighborhood was 
at Amesbury ferry and at that time he had two pupils from 
(then) far off Havana, to which city his fame had extended, 
probably through some sea captain. At Salisbury Point he 
lived in the house now owned by Capt. G. H. Morrill and 
subsequently moved to Rocky Hill. I think he died at the 
Mills village, but am not positive on this point. 

So far as I can ascertain no one knows from what part of 



1 84 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Ireland he came, nor where he first landed on this side of 
the water. Some think that he may have come to one of 
the Provinces first and some think Newfoundland, and so 
worked his way up to the " States. " He may have been 
an alumnus of Dublin university. At any rate there can be 
no doubt that he was thoroughly educated in his youth. 
There was nothing superficial in his attainments in any 
branch of learning, although of course his predilections were 
on the mathematical side. 

He published an arithmetic which became a famous text- 
book and I am under the impression that he was the author 
of some other books also. I have a copy of his arithmetic 
once used by an uncle of mine whom I never saw. It is one 
of the second edition, printed by Edmund Blunt at 8 State 
street, Newburyport, in 1803, and the announcement of his 
school appeared in a newspaper also published in Newbury- 
port in about 1803 and of which I also have a copy. The 
title of the arithmetic is rather pretentious, but no more so 
than the contents warrant. It reads : " A new system of 
mercantile arithmetic, adapted to the commerce of the 
United States in its domestic and foreign relations with forms 
of accounts and other writings usually occurring in the trade. 
By Michael Walsh, A. M." Then follows a motto from 
Seneca. 

The notice of copyright reads as follows: "District of 
Massachusetts district. To wit — Be it remembered 'Hiat on 
the seventeenth day of April, in the twenty-fourth year of the 
Independence of the United States of America, Michael 
Walsh, of the said district, hath deposited in this office the 
title of a book, the right whereof he claims as author, in 
the words following, to wit : (Here follows the title, as above-) 
It continues : " In conformity to the Act of the Congress of 
the United States, entitled, an act for the encouragement of 
learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books, 
to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times 
therein mentioned. (Signed) N. Goodale, Clerk of the Dis- 
trict of Massachusetts District. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 185 | 

The Newburyport men whose endorsement of the book 
appears, were: Dudley A. Tyng, Ebenezer Stocker, William 
Bartlett, Samuel A. Otis, Jr., Tristram Coffin, Moses Brown, 
\Vm. Wyer, Jr., Richard Bartlett, Jr., Wm. W. Prout, 
Michael Little. These are followed by a publisher's notice. 
The book is one of those which the pupils would probably 
describe as " tough, " but, like everything else which the old 
master did, was thoroughly practical and the problems were 
illustrated by examples drawn from the everyday transac- 
tions of life. An example of the thorough manner in which 
he gave instruction is found in the fact that he was wont to 
take his class in surveying out into the fields and coach them 
in ail the points of the art. He also taught navigation, but of 
course this was necessarily only in a theoretical way. 

In person he is described as having been rather short in 
stature, but as agile as a cat. He had fiery red hair and a 
temper to match, and wore knee-breeches. When he flogged 
a boy who needed it, and probably often boys who didn't, it 
was business all over. But he realized that he had a tem- 
per of his own and used to keep a long rope filled with hard 
knots. When he meditated a castigation he would not suffer 
himself to inflict it until he had untied all these and tied 
them again, and by that time he had " cooled off. " When 
angry he would jump up and down like com in a popper. 
He was a regular attendant at the old church at Rocky Hill. 
The unruly boys who went there were, of course, out of his 
jurisdiction on Sunday, but when they cut up their irreverent 
pranks he would shout, " Boys, boys, if I had my way with ye 
now I'd flog ye within an inch of your lives ! " He insisted, 
however, that they should take off their hats when they 
failed to do so on entering the church and said he " would 
like to knock their heads off," but it is not recorded that he 
ever fulfilled his inclination. 

Many of his eccentricities are told by old residents. At 
one time Ws old comer clock was on strike against striking 
but he was not at a loss to determine the hour of noon. This 
was not by means of a sun dial, either. The late Capt. Ezra 



x86 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Merrill, grandfather of Mr. F. W. Merrill, druggist, was an 
exceedingly methodical man and went to his dinner punct- 
ually at 12 o'clock, so '^ Master" Walsh adopted him as a 
standard of time. One day one of the pupils reminded the 
old master that it was 12 o'clock. " O, I guess not," said the 
master. **Yes, it is," said the boy, " for Capt. Merrill has 
gone to dinner." " Well, " said the master, " I am surprised 
that it is 12 o'clock, but if Capt. Merrill has gone to dinner 
you may go." 

Among his pupils were Capt. Paul Jones Bickford, J. W. 
Keniston, the late William Hilton, the late Capt. Henry 
Kingsbury, the late Francis Keniston, the late Benjamin 
Webster, the late Capt. Charles B. Fowler, and Ebenezer 
Hoyt, before mentioned, all of Salisbury Point, and Joseph 
Warren Nye, the well-known L3mn poet. 

So lived a pedagogue of the old school, respected and be- 
loved by all the elder folk and even by the boys who feared 
him in his stormy moods. If Mr. Nye be able he might well 
immortalize him in verse as did Mr. Whittier his old school- 
master. No doubt there are many now living in Newbury- 
port, of whose boyhood I do not know, and others in Ames- 
bury whom I am not able to mention, who will recall with 
reminiscent zest this honored "Master " of a past generation. 



CHAPTER XVI. 

Interesting Odds and Ends— Some Curious Publications and Adver- 
tisemaits — Early Irish in the District of Columbia — Some New York Busi- 
ness Men in 1837— New York School Teachers in i8si~Mililary Officers 
in 1857. 

The town of Galway, in the " old county of Cumberland, " 
N. Y., comprising 18,000 acres, was granted, in 1766, to 
John Kathan. Alexander Kathan, Daniel Kathan, Thomas 
Broaderick, Charles Boyie, and a number of others. It waa 
on the west side of the Connecticut river, and " the usual al- 
lowance was made for highways." The territory is now 
within the state of Vermont, but is not known by the name 
of Galway. There is, however, a town named Galway in New 
York state. It is in Saratoga county and, according to the 
census of 1900, has a population of 1.350. Among the 
counties, towns, villages, or postoffices, in the state of New 
York are Avoca, Belfast, Brandon, Carroll, Connelly, Cork, 
Doyle, Erin, Higgins, Limerick, Macomb, Malone, Magee, 
Sullivan, Tyrone, Ulster, etc. 

In 1765, a book was published in Dublin, Ireland, by Rev. 
Andrew Bennaby, w*io is termed an " Irish clergyman. " 
The book is entitled " Travels through the Middle Settle- 
ments In North America In the Year 1759 and 1760, with 
Observations Upon the State of The Colonies." Bennaby 
sailed from the other side, in the brig " Despatch, " April 27, 
1759, and arrived at the capes of Virginia, July 4. He re- 
mained in Virginia some weeks, and was a guest of Col. 
Washington at Mount Vernon, for a part of the time. Later, 
he visited New York city which had then about 16,000 or 
17,000 inhabitants. He describes the city and surroundings 
very interestingly and, in the course of his book states that 



1 88 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

'* the Irish settlers make very good linens. " On Oct. 20, 
1760, he embarked for home. 

In 1795, another book was published in the Irish capital 
The author was Tench Coxe of Philadelphia, Pa. We have 
a» copy of it before us, the only one we have ever seen. The 
title of the book is " A View of the United States of America, 
in a Series of Papers, written at Various Times between the 
Years 1787 and 1794." The work is " interspersed with au- 
thentic documents, the whole tending to exhibit the progress 
and present state of civil and religious liberty, population, 
agriculture, exports, imports, fisheries, navigation, ship- 
building, manufactures, and general improvement. " The 
book is stated on the title page to have been " printed for P. 
Wogan, P. Byrne, J. Chambers, J. Milliken, J. Halpin, W. 
Jones and G. Follingsby." Probably the cost of publication 
was defrayed by them. On page 172 of the book Tench 
Coxe, the author, says: 

Under the head of emigration. Lord Sheffield has laid him- 
self open to a more severe measure of just remark than it is 
agreeable to deal out to him. It ought not, however, to be 
unnoticed that he gravely brings forward, a story on the au- 
thority of a nameless letter from Philadelphia, of " two fine 
Irish youths being purchased by a n^^ro fruit-seller in that 
city and employed in hawking fruit about the streets, and in 
the meanest employment ! " How dangerous must be the 
situation of a government which has acted upon the informa- 
tion and reasonings brought forward by a mind capable of 
using such means to carry his points, admitting the letter 
were genuine! How unlike a dignified statesman does Lord 
Sheffield appear, in exclaiming after this very little story, 
" Irishmen, just emancipated in Europe, go to America to be- 
come slaves to a n^ro ! " and what will be thought when it is 
known that in the legislature of the very state (Pennsylvania) 
in the capital of which he alleges the fact took place, there 
were, about the time of his publication, not less than twenty- 
eight Irishmen and sons of Irishmen, though the whole body 
consisted but of sixty-nine members? We are willing that the 
fortunes of the Irish in this country should determine the ex- 
pediency of their continuing to emigrate hither. 



IBJSH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 189 

The New York "Shamrock," July 13, 181 1, contains a 
" List of persons who died in this city from the 3d to the 7th 
inst., during the excessive heat, by drinking cold water; they 
were all natives of Ireland, and one of them. Miss M'- 
Cormick, only arrived a few weeks since, per the Huntress." 

Some years ago, the " Times, " of Washington, D. C, had 
an interesting reference to a book, a " Description of the 
Territory [District] of Columbia," published in Paris in 
1816. The " Times " goes on to say that: the author of the 
volume was the late D. B. Warden. The population of the 
Territory [District] of Columbia in tSio is given as 24,623, 
that of the city of Washington as 8,208. In the year 1800 the 
population of the District, according to the author was 14.093. 
Speaking of the National Capital, at that time, the author 
says: " Nearly one-half of the population of Washington is 
of Irish origin. The laboring class is chiefly Irish, and many 
of them have no acquaintance with the English language. 
They have cut the canal, made and repaired the streets, and 
executed most of the manual labor of the city. In one of 
the streets of Washington we observed a sign board with the 
following inscription: 'Peter Rodgers, saddler, from the 
green fields of tyranny, to the green streets of Washington 
and liberty. — See Copenhagen; view the seas, 'tis all block- 
ade — 'tis all ablaze. The seas shall be free — Yankee Doodle, 
keep it up.' It appears that the saddler is a native of Cork, 
from which he was banished at the age of 75, for no other rea- 
con, as he states, than that of having worn a 'green-colored 
coat,* and vented sighs for his ' dear native country.' This 
sign board was attacked by some malicious hand, and the 
poor old man, deeply mortified at this outrage in a land of 
freedom, published his complaint in the ' National Adver- 
tiser,' offering $1 (it was all he possessed) as a reward for 
bringing the offender to justice," 

The New York " Shamrock, " to which frequent reference 
has already been made, was established by Thomas O'Con- 
nor, whose son, Charles O'Conor, became the eminent jurist. 
It was at first called " The Shamrock or Hibernian 



I90 IRISH'AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Chronicle," and bore that title from Dec. 15, 1810, to June 5, 
181 3. Then the latter part of the title was dropped and the 
paper was known, simply as " The Shamrodc" In August, 
1817, the publication ceased. In January, 1819, it was re- 
vived by Mr. O'Connor as " The Globe/' but was only pub- 
lished monthly. It continued under this new name about a 
year when it ceased to exist. 

Among the "Shamrock's" agents in 181 1, were: Daniel 
Redmond, Postmaster, Tarborough, N. C; William W. 
Worsley, editor of the "Reporter," Lexingfton, Ky.; John 
Gilland, Pittsburg, Pa.; John M. Cotter, Edenton, N. C; 
William Davison, Winchester, Pa.; William Sommerville, 

Martinsburgh, Pa., and James MacClary, Washington City 
and Georgetown. 

Some interesting advertisements appear, in 181 5, in the 

"National Intelligencer," of Washingfton, D. C. We here 

refer to a few of these. 



March 13, 181 5, the following advertisement appears: 
" Miss Finagan has opened a boarding house in the vicinity 
of the Capitol, where she will be glad to accommodate any 
members of Congress or strangers who will favor her with 
their custom." 

John McGowan announces, April 19, 181 5, that "The 
board of directors of the Commercial Company of Washing- 
ton, having agreed to augment the capital, by the sale of 
four hundred shares of new stock, applications to that effect 
will be received by the subscriber, for said stock, or any part 
thereof, at $15 per share, until the ist May next, ensuing — 
after which period, should any remain unsold, a proportionate 
advance in lieu of dividend will be added." 

Wm. Reily, of Washington, advertises. May 25, 181 5, that 
he has "Just received on commission about 4,000 weight of 
8, 10, & 12 penny cut nails, for sale by the subscriber." 

Thady Hogan, "Near St. Patrick's Church, Washing^cm 
City," advertises, July 20, 181 5, to recover a runaway slave. 
The latter was " A dark mulatto man about forty years of 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 191 

age." Hogan goes on to say : " The said fellow I purchased 
of Frank Whealey, late of Charles county, and now in Ken- 
tucky, to one of which places he is likely to go." 

William O'Brien announces, Dec. 5, 1815, that " he has 
removed from the city of Washington to the 3d door above 
the comer of Bridge street and High street, Georgetown, 
where he has just received and is now opening a large and 
elegant assortment of fall & winter goods, selected with 
great care from the best stores in New York, Philadelphia 
and Baltimore. " 



Edgar M'Carty advertises in the Washington "Intelli- 
g^encer," Dec. 30, 181 5, that he will dispose of a tract of land 
on which he now resides. '' It contains 660 acres; 300 of 
which are handsomely timbered; 100 is in wheat and the 
remainder in clover." There was also on the property a two- 
story brick house. The property was situated on the Poto- 
mac about eight miles below Leesburg, 25 from Georgetown 
and 30 from Alexandria. 

John M'Gowan of Washington, D. C., also advertises in 
181 5, that "The Commercial Company of Washington, has 
received from Charleston, 118 boxes fresh Bloom raisins, 
best quality," also i pipe and 6 quarter casks of Colmenar 
wine which he oflfers for sale. 

In the '* National Intelligencer," Washigton, D. C, March 
16, 181 5, is a ''List of the promotions and appointments in 
the navy, marine corps, and flotilla service of the U. S. Con- 
firmed by the Senate at their last Session." This list includes 
the following names: — Promoted to be captains, Thomas 
Macdonough, nth September, 1814; Johnston Blakely, 25th 
November, 18 14. Promoted to be masters commandant, 
Michael B. Carroll, 4th of February, 1815. Promoted to be 
lieutenants, James M'Gowan, John T. Drury, Charles E. 
Crowley. Promoted to be surgeons, Josephus Maria S. 
O'Conway. Appointed surgeon's mates, William Butler, 
William D. Conway. 



193 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

In the New York "Shamrock/' Aug. 3, 181 1, an adver- 
tisement appears of a number of farms for sale " Within from 
40 to 60 miles of Albany, Catskill and Hudson; some of them 
still covered with wood, others partly improved, soil good for 
grain, but more particularly for grass and flax, lands are well 
adapted to foreigners being in a healthy and thickly settled 
country with mills, and mechanics near." Parties desiring 
information were requested to apply to Timothy Murphy 
" near the premises in Middleburgh, county of Schoharie, or 
of Philip Becker, town of Worcester, cotmty of Otsego." 

In 1825 a great celebration took place in New York city 
in honor of the completion of the Erie Canal and the tmion 
of the waters of the great lakes with the ocean. The event 
was celebrated in many parts of the state by artillery salutes 
and other appropriate features. The exercises in New York 
city comprised a grand procession. On the day upon which 
the first canal boat arrived at New York city by way of the 
completed canal and Hudson River, a parade took place. 
Major-General Fleming was Grand Marshal of the day. The 
parade was a very imposing one, and comprised a large num- 
ber of organizations. There was also an aquatic demonstra- 
tion during the day and evening. The Tanners, Curriers and 
Leather Dressers paraded in the second division of the land 
display. William M' Alpine was Marshal . . . and among 
other officials in the division were Patrick Quirk and Benj. 
Brady. The Cordwainers' Society was next in line with James 
Lennon as one of the marshals. The Hatters' Society fol- 
lowed, among the officers of the organization being John Hur- 
ley. Next came the Journeymen Masons' Society, under 
Charles T. Pierson as marshal; David Riley was president 
and George Riley, a delegate. The Journeymen Stone Cut- 
ters were also in line with Edward Riley, Patrick Timmons 
and David Christie as marshals. The Potters' Society also 
paraded; Will. A. Haggerty being secretary. William A. 
Kiley's name appears as a member of the committee of ar- 
rangements with the Saddlers and Hamessmakers. D. 
M'Cartee was of the Boat Builder's Association. Thomas 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 193 

Kennedy is mentioned as an assistant marshal of the Fourth 
Division which comprised the Fire Department. Richard C. 
M'Cormick was a member of the Committee of Arrange- 
ments for this division, and John Murphy, John A. Mitchell, 
and William A. Cox were among the persons appointed by the 
different engine companies to form a Committee of Arrange- 
ments. Michael Floy was marshal of the Horticultural So- 
ciety which was included in the First Division. 

A work by " Hibemicus," who is believed to have been 
De Witt Clinton, was advertised for sale, in 1822, "by E. Bliss 
& E. White, No. 128 Broadway," New York. It was en- 
titled, " Letters on the Natural History and Internal Re- 
sources of the State of New York." In a note it is stated 
that " The following Letters first appeared in the columns of 
a newspaper during the year 1820. They attracted much at- 
tention at that time, and were copied and read with great 
avidity. * * * They are now collected in a volume and 
offered to the public, from a conviction that their merits en- 
title them to a form adapted to the libraries of this reading 
people." 

A small book entitled, " The Great Metropolis or New 
York In 1845," mentions the following organizations, show- 
ing their officers at the time : 

Hibernian Universal Benevolent Society, 42 Prince, John 
Farrigan, President; Farrel Lunney, Vice-President; John 
Heaney, Treasurer; James M'Guire, Corresponding Secretary; 
Francis O'Rielley, Recording Secretary. 

Irish Emigrant Society, Office 6 Ann street, T. W. Clerke, 
President; Bernard Graham, First Vice-President; Gregory 
Dillon, Second do; Patrick Kelly, Third Vice-President; 
James Reyburn, Treasurer ; John T. Doyle, Charles E. Shea, 
Secretaries. 

The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, James Reyburn, Presi- 
dent; Charles Birney, Secretary; Charles M. Nanry, Treas- 
urer, 86 Pine street. 

United Irish Repeal Association, John Egan, Treasurer;. 
Bartholomew O'Connor, Secretary. 



194 IRiSH'AMBRlCAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

In the New York "Evening Post/' March i8, 1847, the 
following appears: 

Relief for Ireland. — ^The funds thus far collected in the 
town of Newburgh, Orange county, amount to over $1,008. 
It is the design of the committee to convert this fund into 
Indian meal, kiln-dried, and ready for shipment. It will pro- 
cure two hundred barrels, which will be forwarded to this 
city for shipment Well done for Newburgh. 

A mass meeting of the citizens of Cooperstown, Otsego 
county, was also held on the 4th instant, for the same pur- 
pose, at which J. Fenimore Cooper presided, and a depot 
was opened for the reception of provisions, of which a num- 
ber of loads have already been delivered. 

The rate at which Irish people in New Yoric continued to 
increase is shown by the references to the number of names 
of Irishmen in business in that city from time to time. By 
1837 they had more than quadrupled the number of half a 
century before and there was no brandi of business in 
which they were not well represented. Indeed, they per- 
meated every walk of life. 

Among the teachers, in New York public and private 
schools, in 1851, over fifty years ago, were the following: 

Blaney, Catharine M. Cronley, Rose 

Boyle, Jacob T. Cunningham, Ellen 

Boyle, John Curran, M. A. 

Britton, Mary A. Dalton, C. T. 

Buckley, Mary A. Daly, Ellen P. 

Burke, Louisa C. Day, Delia F. 

Butler, E. Day, Mary E. 

Carrick, B. Dolan, Maria 

Casserly, Margaret A. Donelin, Anne 

Cassidy, Catharine Dowlin, Mary J. 

Christie, Elizabeth Dowling, S. A. 

Conely, John D. Duffy, C. 

Conery, Julia M. Dugan, Christian L. 

Connell, Catharine Dunn, Anna M, 

ConoUy, Catharine Fagan, Sarah 

Conway, Charles J. Fanning, John H. 

Crane, Mary E. Fanning, Mary 



I^P IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL UlSCSLLANy 195 ^H 


Fanning. Thomas 


McCaffrey, Michael ^M 


Farrell, Morgiana 


McCartney, A. ^^| 


Fitz Gibbin, Catharine 


McCormick, H. A. ^M 


Fitzpalrick. Frances A. 


M'Cormick, Isabella ^M 


Flannegan, Mary 


McCosker, Margaret A. ^^M 


Gallagher, Anthony T. 


McCoy, James ^^M 


Gallagher, S. F. 


McCrea, Elizabeth K. ^H 


Gillespie, Mary M. 


McDermott. Mary S. ^H 


Gilfillan, Jane M. 


McGee, Sarah ^H 


Gilfillan, Mary A. 


McGloin, Mary A. ^^M 


Gilfiian, Sarah A. 


McGoin, C. T. ^M 


Griffin, Catharine 


McGuire, Lucretia E. ^^M 


GrifRn. Mary A. 


McGuire, Mary ^^M 


Griffing, Catharine M. 


McIIroy, Edward ^^| 


Gwynne, Eliza 


McKiniey. Francis M. ^M 


Hackett, Catharine 


McKusker, Sarah E. ^M 


Hackctt, Ellen M. 


McLaughlin. Sarah ^^| 


Halpin. John 


McMahon, Kate ^M 


Hastings. Thomas 


M'Mann, C. A. ^H 


Hays. Hannah 


McNally, Francis ^^H 


Hearn, Ellen T. A. 


Mead. Mary E. ^^1 


Inness. Elizabeth 


Mead, M. J. ^H 


Jordan. Eliza J. 


Moore, Frances A. ^^H 


Kane, Catharine E. 


Moran, Theresa A. ^^M 


Kane, E. 


Moriarty, Prunella ^^H 


Kelly, George T. 


Mullany, William 



Kelly, Joanna 
Kelly, Mary 
Kelly, Mary Ann 
Kelly, Susan 
Kennedy, Catharine 
Kennedy, Matilda A. 
Kennedy, Timothy W. 
Kennedy, Wm. 
Kevney, Margaret 
I^velle, Miles 
Lvnch, Catharine 
MacFarlane, M. Louisa 
Madden, Mrs. 
Mahony, Anna 
Malaney, Mary 
Martin, Rosa M. 
McBride, J. 



Mullen. Eli7 
Mulligan, Nicholas 
Murray, Anna M. 
Murray, Francis B. 
Murray, Francis J. 
Neat, Jane E. 
NeiHs, Anna 
O'Brien, Ellen C. 
O'Connor, Maria 
O'Donnell, Michael J. 
O'Rouke, Catharine 
Patten, Mary J. 
Patterson, John 
Powers, Caroline 
Reynolds, Eliza 
Roan, Mary 
Ryan, Catharine 



296 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Savage, M. £. Walsh, John 

Smith, Ellen White, Catharine P. 

Sweeny, James M. White, Margaret G. 
Walsh, Edward A. 

The military establishment of the state of New York, 
1857, included the following: Quarter-Master-General, James 
L. Mitchell; Ninth Regiment, Lieut.-CoL P, Daniel Kelly, 
Major Richard Barry; Forty-seventh Regiment, Col. A, Z. 
McCarty; Sixty-ninth Regiment, CoL James R. Ryan; 
Major Robert Nugent; Seventieth Regiment, Lieut.-Col. 
J. J. Dillon; Seventy-fifth Regiment, Col. Michael Doheny; 
Lieut.-Col. John H. McCann, Major James Haggarty; Sixty- 
eighth Regiment, Lieut-Col. H. A. Pend^^rast, Major 
Charles Kennedy; Seventy-second Regiment, Col. Edmund 
Powers, Major Michael Bennet. 



CHAPTER XVII. 



Letters from Andrew Jadcsoo, John C. Calhoun, and Martin Van 
Buren — ^Address from the Shamrock Friendly Association of New York 
—The Tragic Deaths of Dr. William McCaffrey and Colonel H. F. O'Brien 
— ^More About Land Investments — Some Irish Settlers in Pittshurg, Pa. 



The original of the following letter from Andrew 
Jackson is in the possession of the writer of these pages. 
A certain element has claimed Jackson as ^* Scotch-Irish/' 
but his own declaration that " my parents were Irish/' quite 
disposes of the " Scotch-Irish " contention. We give the 
letter verbatim: 



Hermitage, July 22d 1830. 
My Dr Sir 

I have just received yours of the 3d instant and hasten to 
answer it — I regret to learn the great excitement that has 
been produced on the pardon of Wilson — The absurdity that 
I should have i>ardoned Wilson because he was an American, 
and permitted Porter to be hung, because he was an Irishman 
is too palbable [palpable] to Deserve one single comment from 
me, when it is known my parents were Irish. 

The facts as presented in favor of Wilson were these, upon 
which he received the pardon. 

Wilsons confession led to the apprehension of Porter & as- 



and to their ultimate 
)een elicited from Wil- 



sociates in the mail robery [robbery 
conviction — that this confession had 
son by assurances that it should not be used against him, 
which promises were denied upon the trial, and instead of Wil- 
son being made the witness he was convicted upon his own 
confession thus elicited — that it appeared upon the trial that 
Wilson was a young man and coerced into this daring robery 
[robbery] by Porter & associates & that seven of the jury who 



198 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

tried him united with hundreds of respectable citizens for this 
pardon of his life — 

Under these circumstances to have permitted Wilson to have 
been hung would have left an indelible stain upon the character 
of our government — Wilson's Ufe was spared, and he left 
subject to 60 years imprisonment, a poor, but necessary boon — 

What was Porters situation as represented — not only a 
mail rober [robber], but one of the most hardened villains & 
cold blooded murderers, who had confessed to the murder of 
two men for their money— one man near the city of Wash- 
ington on whom he had found but three nine penny pieces 
which so much enraged him that he cut off his head, — could 
such a monster in human shape, let him originate from what- 
ever country he might, be pardoned, when robery and crime, 
had become so frequent, that an example for public safety, 
had become necessary — I do not recollect whether in any of 
the petitions for pardon, the cotmtry of their birth was namQl 
— be this as it may, I never shall regret my action in this case. 

I am very respectfully 

Yr mo ob**^ serv^ 

Mr. James Go wen. Andrew Jackson. 



The outside of the foregoing letter bears the address 
Mr. Jaipes Gowen [or Gowan], merchant, Philadeli^ia. 

John C. Calhoun has also been claimed as '' Scotch-Irish." 
The following letter, from him, to the Irish Emigrant Soci- 
ety, of New York, sheds a different light on the subject: 



Senate Chamber, 

Washington, D. C, 
13th September, 1841. 
Dear Sir. — I have been so much engaged in the discharge 
of my public duties that I have been compelled to n^lect sJ- 
most evei^thing else for the past few weeks, which I hope will 
be a sufficient apology for not answering at an earlier date your 
letter of 13th August. 

I have ever taken pride in my Irish descent. My father, 
Patrick Calhoun, was a native of Donegal county. His father 
emigrated when he was a child. As a son of an emigrant I 
cheerfully join your Society. Its object does honor to its 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 199 

founders. I enclose five dollars which the Society will please 
regard as my annual subscription for the next five years. 

With great respect. 

Yours, etc., 
John C. Calhoun. 
To the Secretary Irish Emigrant Society. 



Gen. Jackson visited New York, in 1819, and was ac- 
corded a cordial reception. An account states that " A grand 
dinner was given to General Jackson, at Tammany Hall, on 
the 23d February, 1819, in honor of his visit to this city. 
The hall was crowded, and the toast, ' To General Jackson, 
so long as the Mississippi rolls its waters to the ocean, so 
long may his great name and glorious deeds be remembered,' 
was replied to by the General, who proposed ' De Witt 
Clinton, Governor of the great and patriotic State of 
New York/ to the utter confusion of the Bucktails, 
who looked upon Clinton as their bitterest foe. General Jack- 
son, perfectly independent of all parties, had conceived a 
great admiration for Mr. Qinton, although he was, at that 
time, personally unacquainted with him, and hence the toast. 
The greatest confusion ensued, amid which the General left 
the room/' 



The following interesting letter was presented Gen. Jack- 
son, in 1 81 9, by the Shamrock Friendly Association, of New 
York city : 

New York, Feb. i, 18 19. 
Sir: The distinguished service which, in your military 
career, you have rendered to your country, demand from 
its citizens and people the tribute of their applause. In 
tendering you that of the " Shamrock Friendly Association 
of New York, " we are desirous of not being the last to per- 
form a duty which none can discharge with more willingness 
and cordiality. During your late campaign against the 
Seminole Indians, by the just punishment of two white in- 
cendiaries who warred without provocation, and perverted 



«00 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

the arts of civilized life to agg^vate the atrocity of the 
savage, you left the deluded foe without counsellors, instiga- 
tors, or guides, and compelled him to seek peace and pardon, 
where alone they could be found, in the mercy of the govern- 
ment and people of the United States. Let cavilling Disin- 
genuity, let designing Sophistry, let timid Caution, or hon- 
est EjTor, endeavor to wither those laurels so nobly won! 
Your deserts will be recognized by dispassionate Judgment, 
they will be rewarded by a Nation's Gratitude, and your 
fame will still accompany the sentiment of National Honor. 

For your country, you have gained peace; for its citizens, 
protection; for yourself, renown : You have done this in the 
shortest time, and at the smallest sacrifice. By such deeds 
you have deserved highly of the great commimity, to which 
you belong, and our best wishes are with you in return. May 
your days be many, and your life happy as it is glorious. 

Such, sir, are the sentiments of the Society of which I have 
the honor of being the organ on this occasion, and I convey 
them with every feeling of satisfaction and respect. 

Wm. James Macneven, President 
Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson. 

To the foregoing, Jackson thus made reply : 

Sir : — The richest reward of the patriot is the approbation 
of his countrymen; and for the flattering expression of the 
friendly sentiment of your Society, I beg you to accept my 
warmest thanks. The name of that Society awakens the 
liveliest emotions. It brings to view a gallant nation, cease- 
lessly but vainly struggling against oppression, and presents 
in the same picture our own hospitable land, the asylum of 
the oppressed from whatever shores they may come. 

Present my sincere thanks and best wishes to the gentle- 
men of your Society; and believe me, sir, with respect, your 
obedient servant, 

Andrew Jackson. 
Wm. J. Macneven, esq. 
Pres't ot Shamrock Society. 



In 1844, the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick in- 
vited Hon. Martin Van Buren, ex-president of the United 
States, to be their guest. He thus replied: 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 20I 

Lendenwald, 

March 12th. 1844. 
Gentlemen : — 

Your obliging letter inviting me to dine with you on the 
1 8th inst. to commemorate St. Patrick's Day, was received 
•during my absence, or it would have been sooner acknowl- 
edged. 

Believe me, gentlemen, that there is no portion of my fel- 
low-citizens whom it would give me more sincere pleasure 
to meet on an occasion of so much interest to them than 
those you represent, but I regret to inform you that circum- 
stances beyond my control will compel me to deny myself 
that gratification. 

My own views in respect to the present condition of Ire- 
land, and of the heroic example of patient forbearance and 
-self-denial, which, under the most trying circumstances, she 
lias had the wisdom to present to the world, and to which 
you refer, have already been freely uttered and widely pub- 
lished. 

I can add nothing to what I have already said upon these 
interesting topics, save only the avowal of an every-day in- 
creasing conviction of its truth and justice. 

Sincerely wishing prosperity and honor to the land of 
your birth, and health and happiness to your members, 

I am. Gentlemen, 
Very sincerely your friend and obedient servant, 

M. Van Buren. 



Among the tragic events that have taken place in New 
York city were the murderous assault on Dr. William Mc- 
Caffrey, in 1835; the Forrest-Macready riot, in 1849, ^^^ ^he 
murder of Col. H. F. O'Brien, in 1863. We append a few 
facts concerning each of these events. 

Dr. McCaffrey was killed in the Know-Nothing riots. He 
was a highly respected physician, who was passing at the time 
on his way to visit a patient, and was hit by a brick and his 
jaw broken. He was then thrown down and his ribs broken, 
and although soon rescued died shortly after. The assault 
took place on Sunday evening, June 21, 1835, "^^^ Anthony 
near Elm street." Cornelius W. Lawrence was then mayor 



20a IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

of New York, and " by and with the advice and authority of 
the Common Council/' offered a reward of $i,ooo for such in- 
formation as would lead to the apprehension and conviction 
of the persons engaged in the " atrocious disorders," as the 
result of which the Doctor received his fatal injuries. 

The New York " Irishman," of June 30, 1835, speaking of 
Dr. McCaffrey's funeral, says : " Dr. McCaffrey was buried 
on Sunday evening, and although the heaviest thunder 
shower that has been experienced this summer was passing 
over the city at the time, a concourse of Ten Thousand Irish- 
men followed him to the grave. This reflects the more credit 
on them, that the Doctor did not profess the same political 
opinions as the majority of his countrymen. * * * How 
the enemies of Irishmen must have quailed in their slavish 
spirits as they saw ten thousand noble fellows, despite the 
pelting of the ' pitiless storm,' paying the last attentions 
they could offer to the remains of their ill-fated country- 
man ; and how our hearts throbbed with confidence at their 
numbers, as we felt assured that there was not a bosom there 
that would not make a wall of itself in defence of American 
Independence and of the rights of man. As Doctor Mc- 
Caffrey has left a large family unprovided for, we would sug- 
gest the propriety of making a collection for their support" 

The Forrest and Macready riot took place in New York 
city on the night of May 10, 1849. ^^ was brought about 
by the rivalry of the two actors above mentioned and resulted 
in the death or injury of over fifty people. Macready was very 
prominent, and so was Forrest. The riot was of such a 
nature that the military had to be called out. The disturb- 
ance took place in the vicinity of the Astor Place Opera 
House, where a great crowd had gathered, a large portion 
of which was no doubt attracted by curiosity. It is stated 
that before being ordered to fire the military had been 
assailed by the mob. Many of the citizens who were shot 
down were taking no part in the scenes of disorder, but were 
merely present as spectators. Twenty-three persons were 
killed and many others wounded. Among the killed and 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 205 

wotmded were several Irish men and women: John McDon- 
ald, 15 years, a native of Ireland, shot through the breast; 
Timothy Bums, a printer, 16 years old, shot through the 
right lung; William Butler, 24 years of age, a ship-joiner, 
shot through the head ; Owen Bums, a native of Ireland, 24 
years of age, " a cartman," shot through the head; Thomas 
Keiraan, a native of Ireland, 21 years old, a waiter; he was 
shot in the right cheek, the ball passing into the brain; 
Mathew Cahill, a native of Ireland, 26 years old, a laborer, 
shot through the right breast; Timothy McGuinn, 19 years 
old, laborer; he resided with his mother in the rear of 107 
West 13th street, and expired soon after being taken home; 
Bridget Fagan, Irish, 30 years of age, shot in the leg just 
below the knee. She died after amputation. At the time 
of this shooting Mrs. Fagan was walking with her husband 
two blocks away; they were on their way home. All the 
foregoing were either killed on the spot or died of their in- 
juries shortly after. 

The others killed were George A. Curtis, George Lincoln, 
Thomas Aylwood, Henry Otten, George W. Brown, George 
W. Taylor, Thomas Belman, Neil Graymellis, Asa F. Col- 
lins, William Harmer, George W. Gedney, John Dalzell, 
Robert Macleurgeon, John McKinsley, and Henry Burguist. 

Among the wounded were Edward McCormick, of 135 
First avenue. He was 19 years old, and was shot through the 
side. Frederick Gillespie, a boy, was shot through the foot. 
Mrs. Brennan, a housekeeper for Mr. Kernachan, corner 
of Second avenue and 9th street, while walking up the 
Bowery, homeward bound, was struck by a ball in her 
left thigh. A pamphlet concerning the affair was published 
in New York city in 1849 by H. M. Ranney. 

Col. H. F. O'Brien was murdered by a mob in New York 
city during the draft riots in 1863. These riots assumed 
very serious proportions, so much so that the military were 
called out to put an end to the disorder. O'Brien at the 
time had command of a number of men of the Eleventh 
Regiment, New York Volunteers. This force, with Com- 



a04 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

pany H of the Twelfth Regiment, under command of Capt 
Franklin, marched up Third avenue, having with them two 
small field pieces. There were also about 400 police. Reach- 
ing the comer of Third avenue and 34th street, the force 
proceeded down the street into the avenue, the police fol- 
lowing a few minutes after the troops. 

In a very short time an outbreak occurred, which was the 
start of the riot on this occasion. Col. O'Brien was on horse- 
back. The troops formed on Second avenue, comer of 34th 
street. 

The outbreak was so serious that, finally, Col. O'Brien, 
addressing those in charge of the field pieces, gave the com- 
mand to ** fire ! " Rifle fire was also opened on the crowd, 
and several of the mob fell. This action by the troops served 
to still further infuriate the mob. Several rounds were fired, 
whereupon the people began to disperse, and the police then 
went to another part of the city. Colonel O'Brien * * ♦ 
however, remained, dismounting and going into a drug store 
in search, it was said, of refreshments. He remained there 
but a few minutes. Emerging from the store with his sword 
in one hand and revolver in the other, he went out on the side- 
walk into the centre of the crowd which had assembled. Al- 
most instantly he was surrounded by the angry populace, some 
one struck him a heavy blow on the back of the head, he stag- 
gered and fell. Immediately he was pounced upon by the 
maddened crowd, beaten in a shocking manner, and his almost 
lifeless body was then picked up and carried to a lamp post, 
where it was suspended by a rope. In a few minutes the body 
was taken down and thrown into the street. O'Brien was still 
alive, but it is stated that his body was so mutilated that it was 
impossible to recognize it. His body, surrounded by a mob of 
some 300 people, was left lying in the street. In about an hour 
some of those present took hold of the body and dragged 
it from side to side of the street. Death at last ended Col. 
O'Brien's suflfering. 

We have, in a previous chapter, mentioned great land in- 
vestments made by William Constable, Alexander Macomb, 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 20$ 

Daniel McCormick and other New York Irishmen. At a 
meeting recently of the Franklin County, N. Y., Historical 
Society a very interesting paper was read by Dr. C. W. Col- 
lins, in which he touched upon this subject. Said he : 

" In the middle of the eighteenth century the province of 
New York contained about 80,000 inhabitants, of which one- 
seventh were negro slaves. New York city was a thriving 
trading town of 13,000. On Long and Stat en Islands and 
in Westchester county there were prosperous farmers, and 
a line of bustling villages extended up the Hudson. Albany 
and Schenectady were boom towns on the frontier. Even 
then the provinces had a cosmopolitan population. 

" The great land proprietors, Dutch, English and Hugue- 
not, and a few rich merchants of Manhattan, made up the 
aristocracy. In the upper middle class, Scotchmen, Yankees,, 
a few Welshmen and many Irishmen were rapidly achieving 
social and commercial importance. * * * In no Ameri- 
can colony were these Irishmen more prominent than in New 
York. Three of them. Constable, Duane and Macomb, came 
with their families to the northern settlements. 

"Alexander Macomb, of ' Macomb's Purchase,' was born 
July 27 y 1748, at Dunturky, Ballynure parish, Antrim 
county, Ireland. He was the son of John and Jane (Gordon) 
Macomb. * * * John Macomb came to America and 
settled at Albany, N. Y., in 1755. He brought with him his 
wife, two sons, Alexander and William, and one daughter, 
Anne. Here young Alexander became acquainted with Wil- 
liam Constable, a boy then living with his father, Dr. John 
Constable, at Schenectady, and a life-long friendship ensued. 

" In 1772 the Macomb family removed to Detroit, Mich. 
There the son, Alexander, with his brother, William, en- 
gaged in the fur trade, and in thirteen years amassed a large 
fortune. He married. May 4th, 1773, Catharine, daughter 
of Robert and Mary (Lootman) Navarre. Robert Navarre 
was sub-intendent and royal notary to Fort Ponchartrain, 
at Detroit, having been appointed to that position in 1730. 
His ancestors came to Quebec from France in 1682, and 



9o6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCBLLANY 

his ancestral line goes back to Antoine de Bourbon, King 
of Navarre, father of Henry IV of France. 

"' By this marriage Alexander Macomb had ten children, 
four sons and six daughters, one of the sons being the fa- 
mous General Alexander Macomb, of the War of 1812, father 
of ConL Wm. H. Macomb, who rendered distinguished 
service during the civil war. Catharine Navarre died on the 
17th of March, 1789, and two years later Mr. Macomb mar- 
ried Jane Rucker, the widow of John Rucker, who in 1784 
was a partner of Wm. Constable in the firm of Constable, 
Rucker & Co. Three sons and four daughters came from 
Mr. Macomb's second marriage. 

" In 1785 Mr. Macomb removed to New York and erected 
one of the finest residences in the city. This house, on the 
west side of Broadway, between the Battery and Trinity 
church, was rented to Washington when President The 
family entered the highest social circles. One of the daugh- 
ters, Sarah, married Capt Arent Schuyler de Peyster, from 
whom one of the Ellice Islands in the South Pacific was 
named. Another daughter, Jane, became the wife of the 
Hon. Robert Kennedy, son of Admiral Archibald Kennedy, 
the Earl of Cassilis. John Navarre Macomb, a son, married 
Christina, daughter of Philip Livingston, one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence. 

" In New York Mr. Macomb took an active interest in 
politics, was in the Assembly several years, and engaged in 
various speculations. On the advice of Mr. Constable he 
purchased stock in the Bank of New York, and was brought 
into intimate business relations with Daniel McCormick, 
Robert Gilchrist, John McVicar, Gouvemeur Morris, Alex- 
ander Hamilton, Richard Harison and other men who were 
prominent later in opening Northern New York to settlers. 

" For some years Mr. Constable had engaged in land spec- 
ulations, purchasing large tracts in Ohio, Kentucky, Vir- 
ginia, Georgia and Western New York. Surveys of his last 
purchase, in the Genesee country, reported the prevalence 
of malaria, and Constable's attention was turned to the high- 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 207 

lands of Northern New York. An unfavorable opinion of 
this region was general. Surveying parties engaged by Tot- 
ten and Crossfield, before the Revolution, had run lines up 
from the fertile Mohawk Valley to the sandy southern foot- 
hills of the Adirondacks. 

" The land became more sterile as they went northward, 
and it was believed that the wilderness beyond was nearly 
worthless. One map, published about this time, designates 
the present counties of Clinton, Franklin and St. Lawrence 
as ' impassable and uninhabitable.' Macomb, however, told 
Mr. Constable a different story. While a fur-trader at De- 
troit he had made several trips down the St. Lawrence to 
Montreal, and the lands, as he saw them, seemed feir from 
being ' impassable.' There were prosperous Canadian settle- 
ments on the northern bank of the St. Lawrence, and he 
believed equal opportunities could be found in the territory 
southward. He readily joined Mr. Constable in the pur- 
chase, in 1787, of 640,000 acres on the St Lawrence, known 
as the ' Ten Townships.' 

" Four years later, June 22, 1791, Wm. Constable, Alex. 
Macomb and Daniel McCormick, in the name of Macomb, 
made application to the Land Commission for the purchase 
of the tract now known as the great ' Macomb Purchase.' 
The price offered * * * was accepted, and the first 
patent issued on the loth of January, 1792. This tract em- 
braced * * * 6,620 square miles, and included the pres- 
ent counties of Lewis, Jefferson, St. Lawrence and Franklin, 
and parts of Oswego and Herkimer counties. It is the great- 
est land transaction in the history of the state. Mr. Macomb 
soon engaged in a disastrous speculation in stocks, and in 
1792 failed for nearly one million dollars. Later he achieved 
a measure of his former prosperity, but the war of 181 2 re- 
duced him again to bankruptcy, and he was dependent during 
his latter years on his son. Gen. Alexander Macomb, for sup- 
port. He died Jan. 19, 1831, at Georgetown, D. C, and was 
buried in Arlington Cemetery. 

" Alexander Macomb's character is indicated by the patri- 



ao8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

otism of his sons and the quality of his associates. His in- 
timate friends were among the foremost men of the nation^ 
and he sent five sons and one step-son to the American 
army in the war of 1812. Three towns and one county in the 
United States are called Macomb, and the great northern 
land transaction puts on his name the stamp of immortality. 
So long as civilized government remains within the territory 
of our state, historians, students and attorneys concerned 
with the land titles will follow records back to * Macomb's 
Purchase.' " 

The heavy Irish immigration to South Carolina, before the 
Revolution, like that to New York and the other colonies, 
soon made an impression on the land. The late Bishop 
Lynch of Charleston, S. C, in a letter written in 1867 to J. F. 
Maguire, M.P., Cork, Ireland, says: 

" Steps are being taken to invite immigrants to the South, 
and to present to them at the North and in Ireland the spe- 
cial advantages of the South. Now that negro slavery has 
been abolished the negroes are gradually retiring to the sea- 
coast. The lands in the interior and upper belts, which I 
have recommended, are being thrown into market and will 
be occupied by a white population. It is desirable that the 
families who emigrate should settle in groups near each 
other. By so doing they will secure to themselves a social 
companionship which they could scarcely have with the in- 
habitants of the country until several years' acquaintance. 
They could have a church and priest of their own, and Cath- 
olic schools for their children. 

" This invitation to emigrate from Ireland is but a repeti- 
tion of what was done over a hundred years ago, when there 
was a large immigration of Irish Protestant farmers to South 
Carolina, and with them must have come many Catholics; 
who, in those days, when there was neither priest nor Cath- 
olicity in the country, soon lost the faith. This Irish immi- 
gration almost took possession of the state. Irish family 
names abound in every rank and condition in life, and there 
are few men, natives of the state, in whose veins there does 
not run more or less of Irish blood. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 209 

" South Carolina is probably the most Irish of any of the 
states of the Union. While its inhabitants have always had 
the impetuous character of the Irish race, nowhere has there 
been a more earnest sympathy for the struggles of Irishmen 
at home; nowhere will the Irish immigrant be received with 
greater welcome, or be more generously supported in all 
his rights, and I do not know any part of the country where 
industry and sobriety would insure to the immigrant who 
engages in agriculture an ample competence for himself and 
family within a briefer number of years. 

" I believe that all these points will be presented with due 
details to those who wish to leave Ireland to better their for- 
tunes in America by a special agent who may be sent out; 
and also that proper arrangements will likewise be provided 
for the passage of those who wish to emigrate from Ireland 
direct to South Carolina. So far as the ministrations of re- 
ligion to those who come are concerned, I have hopes that 
if they settle, as I indicated, in groups, they will be fully pro- 
vided for." 

In the Pittsburg, Pa., " Dispatch," Nov. 6, 1903, in a 
notice of the late Mrs. Mary E. Schenley, many interesting 
details are given regarding early Irish settlers in that city. 
The article is of so much interest that we reproduce it : 

** Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Schenley was born near Louisville, 
Ky., April 2y, 1826. She was the daughter of William 
Croghan, whose wife was a daughter of General James 
O'Hara. Mrs. Schenley was connected with the 0*Haras, 
Dennys, Darlingtons and other families whose names have 
been identified with the history of Pittsburg since its settle- 
ment. Many of her ancestors served the patriotic cause in 
the Revolutionary War and rose to rank and command in the 
patriot army. 

" She was the grand niece of General George Rodgers 
Clarke, and the niece of General George Croghan. She in- 
herited an immense estate from her grandfather, General 
O'Hara, she being the only surviving child of her mother, 
who was one of three surviving children of General James 



9ZO IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

O'Hara. Her inheritance, always valuable, was chiefly in real 
estate, and in the past 50 years it has increased steadily in 
value until now it is the g^reatest individual estate in the city 
save possibly the Denny estate^ which is another part of the 
bequests of General James O'Hara. 

" Major William Croghan, grandfather of Mrs. Scheniey^ 
was an Irishman by birth. He settled in Virginia, and when 
a young man served in the Revolutionary War, his regiment, 
of which he became Major, fighting under the eye of General 
Washington. After the war, with other officers from the 
same regiment, he settled in Pittsburg. He was one of the 
early members of the Order* of the Cincinnati, having joined 
it at Fredericksburg, Va., in 1783. 

" In 1784, while on a visit to Kentucky, he became so 
pleased with the country that he settled near Louisville, and 
spent the rest of his life at a beautiful country place called 
Locust Grove. He died there in 1822. After his removal 
he married the sister of General Rodgers Clarke, hero of 
many a hard-fought battle with the Indians. 

*' General James O'Hara, another of Mrs. Schenley's fore- 
bears, was also an Irishman. He came to Fort Pitt eaiiy, and 
was an Indian trader. When the Revolutionary War broke 
out he enlisted and served as a private until promoted to a ca^ 
taincy in a Virginia repment. 

'* After the war he laid the foundations of his fortune by 
filling Government contracts for Western armies, and by 
purchasing Indian supplies. When Pittsburg was laid out 
General O'Hara purchased extensive real estate. He was 
one of the foremost men in Pittsburg in all business enter- 
prises. He was a Presidential elector and cast his vote for 
General Washington in 1788. In 1792 he was appomted 
Quartermaster General of the United States Army, and 
served for some years in that capacity. 

"General O'Hara, in partnership with Major Craig, erected 
the first glass works in Pittsburg, and started the manufaM> 
ture of green glass bottles. The factory was located on the 
Southside, just across from the Point. Among General 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 211 

O'Hara's papers after his death was found a piece of paper 
bearing the legend, ' To-day we made the first bottle at a 
cost of $30,000/ 

" General O'Hara also built and owned many ships, and 
shipped quantities of furs and other commodities to Europe 
and South America. He started the shipment of salt to 
Pittsburg by water, and made an end to the wearisome 
method of packing it over the Allegheny mountains. 

" In 1804 General O'Hara was appointed a director of the 
branch of the Bank of Pennsylvania, which was established in 
Pittsburg then as the first banking institution in the town. 
He continued his connection with this bank tmtil it was 
merged with the Bank of the United States, and his adminis- 
tration was one of the most successful connected with any 
bank in the country up to that time. 

" In 1819 General O'Hara died at his home overlooking the 
Monongahela river, wealthy and aged, with a long and hon- 
orable career behind him. His daughter, Mary O'Hara, 
married William Croghan, Jr., a son of Major William 
Croghan, of Kentucky. To this union two children were 
bom. One of them, William, died in infancy. The other, 
Mary Elizabeth Croghan, who died as Mrs. Mary Elizabeth 
Schenley, grew to womanhood, and in her school-girl years 
eloped and married Captain Edward W. H. Schenley, an 
officer of the British army, who was very much disliked in 
the United States on that account. 

" Mrs. Mary Croghan, mother of Mrs. Schenley, died in 
1827, shortly after the birth of her daughter. Her other 
child, William, only survived his mother a short time. Wil- 
liam Croghan, the father, lived in a beautiful home, ' Pic- 
nic,' which at that time commanded a view of the three rivers, 
and much of the surrounding country. Here he lived until 
1850, when he died. He is described as having been a very 
handsome man, of distinguished appearance, and with the 
manners of a Chesterfield. His daughter, who had inherited 
her mother's share of her grandfather O'Hara's estate, went 
to England with her soldier-husband, and has made her 
home there ever since. 



212 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

" Mrs. Schenley paid her last visit to Pittsburg in 1857 or 
1858. She promised to come back, but dlef erred doing so 
from time to time, and never came. Her son, Captain Alfred 
Schenley, visited the city about 1890. Captain Schenley, the 
husband, came here along in 1864 for a short time, and then 
returned to his London home, where he died a few years 
later. 

" Seven children were bom to the union, and all are still 
living. They are Lilly Poole, who married the Hon. Ralph 
Harbard, a son of the late Lord Suffield; Jane Inglez, mar- 
ried to Rev. Mr. Crafton; Agnez, married to Mr. Ridley; 
Alice, married to Colonel Frederick Gore; Richmond, mar- 
ried to Captain Randolph; Hermione, unmarried, and Al- 
fred, the youngest of the family. The son has a beautiful 
home in the south of England, near Portsmouth, where he 
lives. 

" Other granddaughters of General O'Hara, who are Mrs. 
Schenley's first cousins, are Miss Mathilda W. Denny of 
Allegheny, Mrs. William M. Darlington of Guyasuta, Mrs. 
Mary O'Hara Spring of New York, Mrs. Meluzina Brereton 
of Atlantic City, Mrs. Caroline Denny Paxton of Princeton, 
the late Mrs. Robert McKnight of Allegheny and Father 
Harmer Denny. She had a summer home at Brighton, the 
fashionable English watering place, and a villa at Cannes, in 
the south of France, where she spent the winters for several 
years, besides her London home." 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

Andrew Jackson is Entertained in New York — Some Interesting Ad- 
vertisements — ^List of New York City Officials in Various Years — Dis- 
graceful Conduct of a British Landholder. 

We have referred to the welcome given Gen. Andrew Jack- 
son, in New York city, 1819, at which an incident took place 
offensive to the Bucktails. The latter were members " of the 
Tammany Society, who wore in their hats as an insignia, on 
certain occasions, a portion of the tail of a deer. They were 
a leading order, and from this circumstance, the friends of 
Mr. Clinton gave those who adopted the views of the mem- 
bers of the Tammany Society in relation to him, the name 
of Bucktails; which name was eventually applied to their 
friends and supporters in the country. Hence, the party 
opposed to the administration of Mr. Clinton was, for a long 
time, called the Bucktail Party." 

In the New York " Jeflfersonian," in 1835, appears an ad- 
vertisement of " The Weekly Metropolitan," which is de- 
scribed as " a general, literary, historical, congressional and 
miscellaneous journal published at Washington, D. C," and 
" in all its departments aims at the highest character." Per- 
sons interested are requested to address all letters to Langtree 
& O'Sullivan, Georgetown, D. C 

In the Marine list of the New York " Democrat," March 9, 
1836, appears the following note: "Arrived, Packet ship 
^ North America,' Dixey, from Liverpool, Sailed 5th Febru- 
ary, with merchandize, to Goodhue & Company, and C. H. 
Marshall. On the evening of the 5th, the floating light bear- 
ing W. N. W. distant 12 miles, put our pilot on board the 
packet ship * Hibernia,' hence bound. On the 6th inst., lat. 
39, 20, Long. 62, 20, spoke whale ship ' Good Return,' * * * 
from a whaling voyage, out 20 mos., 3600 brls. oil." 



a 14 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Among New York business men, in 1835, was James 
D'Arcy, at 4 Cortlandt street. In " The Irishman," that year, 
he had an advertisement, from which the following is an 
extract " No Mistake at Old No. 4. — Lee & Thomson hav- 
ing refused our challenge, and thereby acknowledged the su- 
periority of our blacking, are now driven to the extremity 
of taking a store opposite us, with the paltry view of injuring 
our establishment. Experience unfortunately does not al- 
ways bring wisdom, and their nineteen years (not half a cen- 
tury) has neither added to their quantum of that article, nor 
to the merit of their blacking. Those who have tried the 
article manufactured by us, have no doubt of its superiority." 

In 1835, £. B. Fitzgerald had a '' land & loan " office on 
Wall street. New York city. That year he published the fol- 
lowing : " Copartnership. — ^The subscriber has this day 
taken into partnership his son, W. G. Fitzgerald, for the pur- 
pose of transacting a general brokerage business, at their 
qffice. No. 6j4 Wall St., where they solicit the public patron- 
age." James Kelly was, in 1835, conducting a bakery on 
Fulton street, near William, New York city. T. Conlan, 
who was engaged in business with his brothers in New York, 
1835, thus advertises: " House of Refreshment. — ^T. Conlan 
& Brothers beg leave to inform their friends and the public, 
that they have opened an eating establishment at the comer 
of Pearl and Chatham streets, where they flatter themselves, 
from their experience in the business, and from the choice 
articles contained in their bill of fare, to be able to serve them 
as well as any other place in the city. The bar is stocked 
with the choicest liquors." 

Robert McDermut conducted a commission paper ware- 
house at 4 Burling slip. New York, in 1835. He also kept in 
stock " Black lead pencils and crayons, of superior quality, 
from the Cunningham factory." Daniel Sweeney was con- 
ducting, in 1835, ^ "house of refreshments" at 11 Ann 
street. New York, a few doors from Broadway. An adver- 
tisement of his at the time reads : " The subscriber most re- 
spectfully solicits the patronage of his friends and the public. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 21$ 

Having been engaged for a long time in the above business, 
he flatters himself that he shall be able to entertain his cus- 
tomers in as good style as they can be at any other similar 
establishment in this city." 

John Macdermod Moore was editor, in 1835, of " The 
Irishman," New York city, which was pubHshed daily by W. 
J, Spence & Co., whose office was at 67 Liberty street. The 
object of the paper was " To protect the interest of Irishmen, 
and foreigners of all countries, and denominations, and to 
shield them from the malicious and illiberal attacks made 
upon them by the venal hirehngs of the Bank, through the 
medium of a dependent and, of course, an unprincipled press, 
and to advocate the rights guaranteed to them by the Ameri- 
can Constitution." The paper supported Martin Van Buren 
for President. The full title of the paper was " The Irish- 
man, and Foreigners' Advocate." Moore also became editor 
of a paper called the " Irishman's Advocate," which was pub- 
lished daily at 13 Ann street, New York. 

John O'Ferrall was engaged in the manufacture of cigars 
in New York in 1835 at 52 City Hall place. An advertise- 
ment of his at the time reads : " The subscriber tenders his 
sincere thanks to his friends and the public at large for their 
past favors, and hopes that they will continue their patron- 
age. His cigars are put up under his own inspection; he 
warrants the quality and price as accommodating as any 
other in the trade. Country orders carefully attended to." 
Mr. O'Ferrall also announces that he has " constantly on 
hand a supply of the best quality Irish high twist" John 
Quinn was engaged in the coal business in New York in 
1835. His yard was at 377 Water street, corner of Oliver. 
He announces in an advertisement that he has " constantly 
on hand a good supply of the following description of coal: 
Schuylkill, Peach Orchard, Lackawanna, Lehigh, Liverpool, 
Sydney, Pictou, and Virginia, all of the first quality. All 
orders thankfully received, and punctually attended to." A 
firm doing business in New York in 1836 was Hand, Ferris 
& Co. They advertised " Extra superfine Irish linens, soft 



2l6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

finish, of the best styles imported." The firm did business 
at 450 Pearl street. They also advertised Irish linen of su- 
perfine style, heavy and soft finish. 

Among New York city officials in 1842 were the following: 
Assessors: William H. Walsh, Hugh Martin, James Mc- 
Bride, John W. Christie, Edward Donnelly, Francis Gilmore, 
and Patrick Campbell; Assistant Alderman, William D. Mur- 
phy; Collectors, Patrick Doherty, Andrew Leary; Consta- 
bles, Alfred Roach, Patrick Burns, Bernard Marran, Robert 
Kemon; Clerk of the Mayor's office, John Ahem; Dock 
Masters performing duties of health warden, Thomas Doyle, 
Stephen Mead, Edward Malaly; Street Inspectors, E. Galla- 
gher, James Fag^, Stephen Mead; Superintendent of Roads, 
Sampson B. McGowan; Inspectors of Pressed Hay, George 
Kearney, David M. Hughes; Inspector of Lime, Patrick 
Tempany; Market Clerks, Patrick Mott, William G. Butler; 
City Ganger, Joseph Flynn ; Court of Sessions, James Lynch, 
Associate Judge. 

Among the New York city officials, in various years, were 
the following : 

Daniel McCormick was an alderman in 1790-91. 

Stephen McCrea was an assistant alderman, 1790-91. 

Andrew Morris, assistant alderman, 1802-3, i8o4-S, 1805-6, 
1806-7. 

Peter McCartie, alderman in 1813-14 and in 1814-15, 1815-16. 

Peter Conrey, alderman in 1816-17. 

Matthew Reed, alderman in 1825-6. 

James B. Murray, alderman in 1832-3. 

James Ferris, alderman in 1835-6. 

Thomas S. Brady, alderman 1837-8. 

Phelix O'Neil, assistant alderman, 1840-1. In 1841-2 he was 
an alderman. 

William B. Brady, alderman 1842-3, 1843-4, 1845-6. He be- 
came Mayor. 

James Kelly, alderman, 1847-8. 

Dennis Mullins, assistant alderman, 1847-8. 

William J. McDermott, alderman, 1848-9. 



IRISH-AMERICAS HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Patrick Brenan, assistant alderman, 1848-9. 
James Kelly, alderman, 1849-50. 
Patrick Kelly, alderman, 1849-50. 
Dennis Mullins, alderman, 1849-50, 
Warren Brady, assistant alderman, 1849-50. 
Thomas K. Downing, alderman, 1848-9. 
Denis CaroJin, alderman, 1848-g. 
Edmund Fitzgerald, alderman, 1848-9. 
Florence McCarthy, Dudley Haley, Thomas J. Barr, were 
assistant aldermen in 1850. 

Among the New York city officials, in 1851, were: Alder- 
men, Edmund Griffin, Patrick Kelly, William A. Dooley; 
assistant aldermen, Dudley Haley, Florence McCarthy, 
Thomas J. Barr. Pohce Department : Arthur McManus, an 
Inspector of Stages; James Leonard, Captain, Second Patrol 
District; Arthur Keating, Second Assistant Captain; John 
Garrett, First Assistant Captain, Sixth Patrol District; Wil- 
liam A. Haggerty, Captain, Seventh Patrol District ; James 
Lovett, Captain, Ninth Patrol District; Thomas Hogan, First 
Assistant Captain, Eleventh Patrol District; Philip O'Brien, 
First Assistant Captain, Fourteenth Patrol District; Thomas 
Farren, Second Assistant Captain, Fourteenth Patrol District; 
Thomas C. Doyle, one of the policemen detailed for duty as 
dock masters; James H. Welsh, a clerk of the First District 
Police Court; James McGrath, a justice of the Second Dis- 
trict Police Court; John Lalor, a clerk of ^he Third District 
Police Court, Robert McGinnis, assistant engineer of Fire 
Department ; John Gillelan, assistant engineer of Fire Depart- 
ment; James Kelly, secretary to the trustees, Fire Department; 
James Green, Justice, First District; Bartholomew O'Conner, 
Second District; Charles H. Dougherty, Fifth District; ward 
officers, 1851 (Assessors); Charles McGowan, Thomas Gil- 
martin, Patrick Breaden, Theodore Kelly, John Carr, Thomas 
Hassett, Charles Gillespie. Some Health Wardens, 1851 : 
E. Wheelan, Patrick Coyle. 

New York city ofHcials, in 1857, included: Aldermen, 



2l8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Bartholomew Healy, John Clancy, Edward McConnell, Peter 
Monaghan, James Owens; Councilmen, Robert Donnell, 
Henry Hughes, M. Gilmarten, Joseph D. Martin, J. McCon- 
nell, Jr., Hugh O'Brien, Thomas Kelly, John H. Brady, 
Thomas Hearn, B. Reilly, John Walsh, C Fitzgerald, Bryan 
McCahill; Judges of the Court of Common Pleas, C. P. Daly, 
John R. Brady; Justice of the Marine Court, Florence Mc- 
Carthy; Judge of the District Court, Bart. O'Conner; Public 
Administrator, Peter B. Sweeney; Captain of Police, First 
Ward, Michael Halpin; Captains of Police in other wards, 
James Leonard, Joseph Dowling, William Joyce; County 
Qerk, Richard B. Connelly. 

The following article appeared in the New York "Tri- 
bune," Nov. 13, 1847, having been reprinted from the 
Rochester " Democrat " : 

Disgraceful Conduct of a British Landholder. 

Great excitement prevails at St. John, New Brunswick, 
in consequence of the arrival of two vessels laden with pau- 
pers from Lord Palmerston's estate in Ireland. The num- 
ber is over 600. This Lord Palmerston is a British states- 
man, who has been in office most of the time for the last 
thirty years, and passes for a man of consummate ability. 
All this may be true. But the expulsion of poor people from 
his estate, while he is surrounded by luxuries in London, the 
product, doubtless, of their labor in former times, shows a 
degree of inhumanity almost incredible. 

These persons, who are paupers now, are said to have been 
once in comfortable circumstances. But the scourge of fam- 
ine and the exactions of taskmasters have reduced them to a 
state of starvation ; and as they are unable longer to minister 
to the wants of their landlord, they are shipped off by the 
hundred to the British possessions in America. No pro- 
vision is made for their future sustenance. With such land- 
lords is the condition of Ireland to be wondered at ? Famine 
is a scourge less terrible than the rod of oppression wielded 
by the petty sovereign of two or three thousand acres. 

The people of St. John have made out bills for the support 
of these people, which, if not paid by Lord Palmerston, will 
be presented to the Government. The Assembly of the 
Province has taken the matter in hand. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

Some Celebrations of St. Patrick's Day—Charitable Work by the 
Friendly Sons of St Patrick, New York — Nearly 3,000 Persons Assisted 
from 1809 to 1829— The Destruction of the Records of the Society — 
Splendid Observances by Various Organizations. 

In the volume on " Early Celebrations of Saint Patrick's 
Day " in America (New York, 1902) many details are given 
relating to the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick from, 
the organization of the society in 1784 down to the year 1845. 
We here continue the narrative from the latter year, first, how- 
ever, going back some years in order to recall certain facts not 
set forth in our previous volume. 

TTie New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick have spent a 
large sum in charitable work. We have before us the treas- 
urer's books, dating from 1805, and they show column after 
column, and page after page, of instances of charitable dona- 
tions made by the Society. From 1805 to 1829, for example, 
the books show over seventy written columns of names of re- 
cipients of assistance from the organization. The number of 
names, by actual count, is 2,850 for this comparatively short 
period. A splendid showing, and indicating great practical 
work! 

At a special meeting of the Friendly Sons held at the 
Washington Hotel, New York, on Tuesday evening, Jan. 
15. 1836, Dudley Persse, the secretary, presented the fol- 
lowing report regarding the destruction of the Society's 
records : 

The Secretary of fhe Society of the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick feels it his duty, on the present occasion to make a 
iormal report of some occurrences which have transpired 
since the last meeting of the society, and which it may be 
necessary to enter on the minutes. 



220 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

In the destructive fire which commenced in Fulton street 
on the morning of the I2th of August, and extended with 
dreadful havoc across Ann street to the Secretary's store and 
counting room in Nassau street, the rapid progress of the 
flames was such that little could [page defective, but the 
words are presumably "be saved"], and the Secretary's 
trunk was most unfortunately so situated that it was not in 
his power to rescue it. It was destroyed. 

The contents of this trunk embraced all the property of 
the society in the possession of the Secretary; including, of 
course, the Records and the Book of Minutes, and the Con- 
stitution and Bye Laws, with the original signatures of the 
members. These, of course, are irreparable; but all impor- 
tant matters appertaining to our association may in a g^eat 
measure be preserved by a republication of the Charter and 
Bye Laws, a copy of which is at hand. The other property in 
charge of the Secretary may be replaced, and most probably 
would have been renewed at this time without the interven- 
tion of the fire, as the badges (the most important part) were 
already much defaced and tarnished by long use. 

In the present emergency the Secretary would recommend 
the appointment of a committee to provide new books of 
Minutes, new Badges, Flags, &c., so as to restore the in- 
signia of the society, as nearly as possible to their former 
situation, and that their report be entered on the new Book 
of Minutes. * * * 

In accordance with the Secretary's recommendations a 
committee was appointed to consider the subjects of his 
report. The treasurer's books and papers, not being in 
the Secretary's possession at the time were, fortunately, not 
destroyed. 

The New York " Evening Post," March 17, 1846, stated 
that : " This being the anniversary of the patron saint of 
Ireland, it has been variously observed by the Irishmen and 
others in this city. The Rev. Dr. Power, of St. Peter's, Bar- 
clay St., and the Rev. Joseph P. Burke, at the church of 
St. Columba, in 23d St., Chelsea, delivered discourses ap- 
propriate to the day, the latter gentleman before the United 
Irish Societies. The ' Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, ' accord- 
ing to the ancient usage will dine at the City hotel at five 



o'clock, P. M. The ' Young" Friends of Ireland ' have their 
third annual Festivity, at the Coliseum, 450 Broadway, com- 
mencing at yYz P. M. The other associations will dine at 
their respective headquarters. The day has, up to the hour 
of our writing, been remarkably fair and beautiful. Hardly 
a cloud is to be seen, and though the streets are muddy, the 
walking on the pavements is pretty good." 

In its issue of March 18, 1846, the New York " Evening 
Post " said : " After the ceremonies of the morning, in honor 
of the anniversary of St. Patrick, to which we referred yes- 
terday, the ' Friendly Sons of St. Patrick ' had a splendid 
dinner at the City hotel in the evening. The ' Young Friends 
of Ireland ' set their table at the Coliseum. The Hibernian 
Benevolent Burial Society also gave a dinner at Montgomery 
Hall, in Prince Street. Not having been present at either 
of these, we are unable to say what was done; but we suppose 
from the reports in the morning papers, that hilarity was the 
order of the night." 

In its issue of March 17, 1847, ^^^ same newspaper printed 
the following : 

" The Hudson. — To-day is St. Patrick's day, when, ac- 
cording to ancient custom, the Hudson should be open for 
navigation to Albany. Last year the ice punctually left the 
river on the seventeenth of March, and on the day after, a 
steamer from New York reached the wharf at Albany. The 
cold of several days past must have strengthened the ice, 
which reaches down to a short distance above Poughkeepsie, 
firmly closing the river; and St. Patrick's day, instead of re- 
leasing the stream, is binding it more firmly still. After 
milder weather shall have returned, it will require several 
warm days to free the river from ice so as to make it navi- 
gable." 

We find in the New York " Herald," of March i8, 1848, 
that " The birthday [ !] of St. Patrick was, as usual, cele- 
brated yesterday, by the members of the Roman Catholic 
Church. The various benevolent and other associations of 
the church [in New York city] turned out in procession. 



22 2 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

among which wore the Hibernian Universal Benevolent As- 
sociation; with their banners, with the inscriptions, which 
were very pretty and appropriate. A large blue silk banner, 
with a figure representing the Good Samaritan administering 
to the wants of the needy, with the inscription, ' Go thou and 
do likewise/ was most conspicuous. The Shamrock Asso* 
ciation also turned out in large numbers, and presented in 
their front a large banner, with a figure representing an 
angel leaning upon a harp, with the inscription ' Weighed 
in the balance, and not found wanting/ " 

We likewise learn from the " Herald," of the date just 
mentioned that the " Burial Benevolent Association," " La^ 
borers' Association " and " Young Irelanders," also attended 
the celebration. The line of procession was formed in liie 
Bowery, and at once moved to the Cathedral, through Prince 
street, where High Mass was celebrated by the Right Rev. 
Bishop of Ohio, and a sermon was preached by the Bishop of 
New York. After the service, the associations retired until 
evening, when the ceremonies of the day were concluded. 
Sumptuous dinners were prepared at the Shakespeare Hotel 
and elsewhere, which the associations attended. 

The Irish Confederation of the city, the New Yoric 
*' Herald" says, celebrated the anniversary of St. Patrick, 
[1848], the patron Saint of Irdand, yesterday, at the Shake- 
^>eare Hotel. At about eight o'clock the members of Ac 
association, numbering some seventy-five, true and ardent 
Irishmen, sat down to a noble repast, prepared specially for 
the occasion, by Messrs. Bergen and Gallabrun, in their best 
style, which is sa3ring a good deal; and after the cloth was 
removed, the utmost hilarity and good feeling prevailed. 
The celebrated Father Mathew band was in attendance, and 
during the dinner, discoursed most eloquent and soul-stirring 
music. James Bergen presided, and the following named gen- 
tlemen were vice-presidents, viz.: Thomas Bradly, Dennis 
Lyon, John O'Rourke, M. T. O'Connor, and Eugene O'Sul- 
livan. 

Says the " Herald " further : 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY aaj 

" Young Friends of Ireland, — [1848]. About four hundred 
ladies and gentlemen sat down last niglit, at I0j4 o'clock, to 
an excellent entertainment at tlie Apollo, Broadway, pro- 
vided by the above society, consisting of every variety of 
temperance fare, and the choicest delicacies of the season, 
among which were some superior shad, all prepared by the 
proprietor of the Apollo, in his best style. The chair was 
occupied by the President, Michael O'Connor, Esq. Among 
the guests were the Rev. Mr. McCarron, venerable Thomas 
O'Connor, Horace Greeley, Alderman Parser, Eugene Cas- 
serly, and others. After the company had discussed the ex- 
cellent fare prepared for the occasion, the secretary, Mr. Mc- 
Carthy Delany, read letters of apology from Henry Clay, 
Governor Seward, Samuel Lover, Robert Tyler, Thurlow ' 
Weed and Henry Giles. Among those who responded to 
toasts were the Rev. Mr, McCarron of St. Joseph's church 
who responded to "The Catholic Hierarchy of Ireland; " Mr. 
Eugene Casserly, and Horace Greeley, who responded to 
" The Press, " He gave as a sentiment, " The Young 
Friends of Ireland — may they be her old friends, long after 
she becomes free." The venerable Thomas O'Connor re- 
sponded to a toast. Mr. O'Shea, Jr. (son of the late poet 
J. A. O'Shea) recited an original poem, his own composition. 

We find the following in the New York " Herald," March 
17, 1849 : " To-day being St. Patrick's day, will be celebrated 
tn the usual manner by the various Irish societies in the city. 
The Hibernian B. B. and the Laborers' U. B. societies, will 
march in procession through Prince street, Bowery, Third 
avenue, Twenty-third street, Eighth avenue, Hudson street, 
Broadway, Chambers, and other streets. " 

In March, 1850, the following advertisement was pub- 
lished in New York daily papers : 



St. Patrick's Eve, — A meeting of the friends of Ireland 
favorable to the new Irish movement — the Irish Alliance — 
will be held at the Coliseum, 450 Broadway, on Saturday 
«vening, Mar. 16, St. Patridt's eve. General Shields, U. S. 



2 24 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Senator, Robert Tyler, Robert Emmet, Chas. O'Conor, Hon. 
John McKeon, John B. Dillon, John Van Buren, Henry Giles, 
Michael Crean, and other distinguished friends of Ireland, 
have been invited. Front seats exclusively for ladies. Ad- 
mittance free. Chair to be taken at 8 o'clock. 

Patrick Lyndon, 
Thos. Matthew Halpin, 
John Boyle, 

Acting Secretaries. 



The foregoing called forth a counter document headed: 
" A Proclamation, to the Irishmen of New York." It en- 
deavored to throw cold water on the projected meeting, 
frowned upon the proposed Alliance and in somewhat vigor- 
ous terms disapproved the whole project. Among those 
whose names were affixed to this counter-proclamation were: 
Joseph Brenan, President of Molineux Club, state prisoner, 
1848; John Savage, Secretary to the Students' and Citizens' 
clubs; John F. Lalor, Grattan Club, state prisoner, 1848; 
Maurice Walsh, Captain Irish Volunteers, Company A; 
Michael Phelan; James F. Marky, First Lieutenant, Company 
C; Edward J. Harty, First Lieutenant, Company F; James. 
Buston, Seco nd L ieutenant, Company C, and President of 
John Mitchell Qub, Belfast ; M. Doran, Captain Company G ; 
Thomas Taylor, Curran Club, Acting: Adjutant I. V. ; Michael 
Murphy, Second Lieutenant, Company D; Thomas Murphy, 
Orderly Sergeant, Company D ; Henry Johnston, Curran Club, 
Sergeant, Company D ; John Kavanagh, R. Walsh and George 
O'Connor. It was further stated that " Thomas Devin Reilly 
and Michael Doheny are absent from this city, but the senti- 
ments expressed in the above may be found in other and 
more forcible words, in their letters published in " The Dub- 
lin Irishman." 

The meeting was held, however, and considerable diver- 
gence of opinion, to put it mildly, was manifested throughout 
the evening. The opponents of the movement were present 
in force and were much in evidence. Gen. James Shields 
sent a letter, expressing his regret at inability to attend* 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 12$ 

A letter was also received from Robert Tyler. John B. 
Dillon, 45 William street. New York, wrote a long letter 
in which he expressed the opinion that the "Irish Alliance " 
in its object was vagTie and undefined. He did not attend. 
Letters were a!so received from John McKeon and Charles 
O'Conor. Among those present at the meeting were 
Joseph Brennan, Michael Walsh, Mr. O'Keefe, and T. D. 
McGee. 

March 16, 1850. the New York "Evening Post" stated 
that " The Festival of St. Patrick will be celebrated in the 
Cathedral on Wednesday the 20th inst. as the ordinary day, 
the 17th, falls this year on Passion Sunday. It is expected 
that the Bishop of Albany will officiate pontifically and that 
the Bishop of New York will pronounce the panegyric of 
the Saint. " The following New York notices, published at 
the time, are self-explanatory : 

New York, March 15, 1851. — The Society of the Friendly 
Sons of St- PatHck will celebrate their National anniversary 
by a Dinner at the Astor House, on Monday, 17th instant. 
Tickets may be had, on application, of the undersigned 
stewards: — Samuel Osborne, George McBride, Jr., Wm. 
Watson, John Gihon, Philip Burrowes, Dudley Persse, Og- 
den Haggerty. Dinner will be on the table at half past five 
o'clock, P. M. Members will please meet at four o'clock 
for transaction of business. 

C. H. Bimey, Secretary. 

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick.— The Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick will celebrate their National Anniversary [1851], by 
a dinner at the Astor House this aftemocm (St. Patrick's 
Day), at half-past five o'clock, P. M. In consequence of the 
famine and distress in Ireland, the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick have not held their usual festival since 1847, their 
funds having been applied to the relief of their suffering coun- 
trymen. The entertainment this evening promises to be more 
than equal to any that this excellent society has ever given. 

In the New York " Evening Post " of March 18, 1852, we 
learn that " The severe weather of yesterday did not prevent 
the celebration of the anniversary of Ireland's patron saint, 
although the procession was not so large as it otherwise: 



226 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

might have been. In the evening the annual dinner of the 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, took place at Washingfton 
Hall, Broadway. Mr. Joseph Stuart presided, in the ab- 
sence of the president, Mr. Bell; Messrs. George McBride, 
Jr., and John V. Dillon officiating as vice-presidents. The 
presidents of St. Nicholas, St. Andrew and other societies, 
and a large number of other invited guests were present. 
Letters of apology for absence from the festivities were 
read from Governor Hunt, Mayor Kingsland, Mr. Cramp- 
ton, of the British Legation at Washington, W. D. Sailer, 
Gulian C. Verplanck, and Dr. Beats, President of St. 
George's. Several appropriate toasts and speeches were 
made, and it was a late hour before the company separated." 

The "Young Friends of Ireland" celebrated the day by 
a supper and ball at the Apollo, which was attended by a 
large and respectable assembly. Toasts and speeches, appro- 
priate to the occasion, were made. The festivities were pro- 
longed till a comparatively late hour in the morning. 

In connection with the celebration in 1853 the following 
five notices appear in the New York "Herald " on March 
17:— 

Celebration of St. Patrick's Day. The Young Friends of 
Ireland will celebrate St. Patrick's Day, in the usual man- 
ner, on Thursday evening, March 17, 1853, at the Apollo 
Rooms, 410 Broadway. Tickets can be obtained of any 
member of the Committee of Arrangements. John D. 
Morris, Sec. Wm. A. Nugent, Pres. 

Feast of St. Patrick at the Cathedral. — ^A solemn ponti- 
fical mass will be celebrated at St. Patrick's Cathedral, tiiis 
morning, at ioj4 o'clock, by the Most Rev. Archbishop. The 
Panegyric of the Saint will be preached by the Rev. Bernard 
O'Reilly, S. G. [S. J. ?] Prof, of Belles Lettres of St. John's 
College, Fordham. 

Republican Friends of Ireland. — Dinner. — The Repub- 
lican Friends of Ireland will celebrate St. Patrick's day by 
a public dinner at Tammany Hall. Several distinguished 
patriots will be present as guests. Dinner at five o'clock 
P. M., precisely. Tickets, $2. each, can be had from the 



IT 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Committee at Tammany Hall, every evening, from eight to 
ten o'clock, and at the bar. 

St. Patrick's Society, Brooklyn. — Fourth annual dinner of 
the St. Patrick's Society will take place at Gothic Hall, 
Adam street, this evening, March 17th, at eight o'clock. 
Tickets can be had at Mr. Kevins', 180 Fulton street, or at 
Gothic Hall, this evening. 

Frederick Morris, M. D., President, 

James Downey, Secretary. 

St. Patrick's day Oration, — By M. Doheny, at the 
Tabernacle at 3J/2 P. M., this day. Subject. — The Irish 
Brigade. The Sixty-ninth Regiment, New York State 
Militia, will attend in full uniform, with Dodworth's Band. 
Doors open at 3 o'clock, P. M. Tickets 25 cents, to be had 
at the door. 

The dinner of the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 
in 1853, is thus reported by the New York " Herald " : 

Dinner of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick : — The annual 
dinner of this society was given last evening at the Astor 
House. The banquet came off in the ladies' saloon. There 
were some seventy or eighty guests present. The dinner was 
served in the sumptuous manner in which the proprietors, 
Messrs. Coieman & Stetson, do such things. 'The decora- 
tions of the table were well executed, and comprised sugar 
figures of Saint Patrick, Brian Boroimhe, an Irish harp, and 
an Irish cottage. A full length oil painting of the good 
Saint was suspended behind the President's seat. During 
the dinner, a fine band in attendance regaled the company 
with a succession of the most admired Irish airs, including 
'• The Exile of Erin, " the " Bold Soldier Boy, " the " Low 
Back Car," and some of Moore's sweetest melodies. After 
the cloth was removed, a magnificent punch bowl was in- 
troduced, Mr. Stuart, the chairman, proposed the first regu- 
lar toast, introducing it with some facetious remarks about 
St. Patrick. The first toast was "The Day, and all who honor 
it." This was responded to by John B. Dillon. Letters were 
read from Mayor Westervelt, the President of the St. David 
Society, and J. W. Gerard. Judge O'Connor responded to the 
toast, " Ireland. — On the banks of the Hudson, her children 
remember the Shannon and Liffy." Air, " Sprig of Shil- 
lelagh." Other responses to toasts were made by Mr. O'Gor- 
man, Mr. Blunt, Mr. Raymond, Dr. Antisell, the president of 



228 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

St. Andrews, the vice-president of St. Nicholas, Dr. McNevin 
and others. 

Speaking of the procession in 1853, the New York " Even- 
ing Post " stated that " The day was celebrated by the various 
military companies and civic societies of this and the ad- 
joining cities. A grand procession, composed of the Ninth 
Regiment, Col. Ferris; Sixty-ninth, Col. Roe; Seventy- 
second, Col. Powers; with many volunteer companies, and 
the various civic societies, took their line of march from 
East Broadway, through Chatham street, entering the Park 
through the east gate, and after being reviewed by the 
Mayor and Common Council, at 1 1 o'clock in the forenoon, 
proceeded up Broadway to Grand street, through the Bow- 
ery, Fourteenth street. Eighth avenue, Hudson, Canal, 
Centre streets. Park Row, Fulton street, to the Ferry, and 
thence to Brookl)m. The military was under the command 
of Col. Ferris, and the Societies under Thomas McKiernan, 
Grand Marshal." 

Speaking of the celebration in 1853, the New York 
** Herald " said : "The procession, both civic and military, 
was one of the grandest affairs that we have ever witnessed 
on St. Patrick's day. The military were well drilled, and pre- 
sented a very handsome appearance. The Jackson Horse 
Guards, attached to the Ninth Regiment of the New York 
State Militia, mustered in full force as early as eight o'clock in 
the morning. They were commanded by their popular Cap- 
tain, J. D. Lally. When the troop formed it was marched to 
the Fulton ferry, where they received the Brooklyn and Wil- 
liamsburg regiments, and escorted them to their respective 
places in the military line in East Broadway. At eleven 
o'clock, the civic procession moved through the Bowery to 
Grand street, through Grand street to East Broadway, where 
they united with the military portion of the procession. It 
then moved down East Broadway to Chatham street, 
through the eastern gate of the Park, where they were re- 
viewed by his Honor, the Mayor, and other distinguished 
personages." 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 219 

There was another great celebration in 1854, the New 
York " Evening Post " thus describing it: 

Celebration of the Seventeenth of March. — The great 
event in New York to-day is the annual celebration of the 
aTiniversary of the birth [ !] of St. Patrick, by our adopted citi- 
zens. The weather was very pleasant, and thousands of 
people gathered at the Park and in the principal streets 
through which the great military and civic procession passed. 

The Pageant was led off by a troop of horsemen, with 
swords drawn. They made a good display, as did also the 
Artillery and Infantry company, all of whom are attached 
to the State mihtia. The infantry marched eight and twelve 
abreast. 

There were a large number of Irish citizens on horseback, 
who wore a badge upon their coat. The members of the 
civic societies wore a green scarf over their shoulders. They 
conducted themselves with propriety. * * ♦ A detachment 
of municipal police, probably one hundred and fifty men, 
followed in the rear of the procession. This was, no doubt, 
a precaution of the Chief of Police, who wished to protect 
the adopted citizens in case of any interference, by rowdies, 
with their proceedings. * * * Among other attractions in 
the procession was a pretty little boy mounted on a pony, 
a harp wreathed with flowers, and a man with bagpipes. 

The New York " Evening Post " thus describes the event 
by the Friendly Sons, in 1854: 



Anniversary Dinner at the Astor House. 
The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick gave their annual dinner 
at the Astor House last evening on the occasion of the birth- 
day [ !] of Ireland's Patron Saint. About one hundred gen- 
tlemen sat down to the feast, which was presided over by 
Joseph Stuart, assisted by J. B. Dillon, Samuel Sloan, C. H. 
Bimey and Richard O'Gorman. The responses to the regu- 
lar toasts were made by B. F. Dunning, John Mitchell, 
F. W. Gerard, General Sandford, M. De Peyster of the St. 
Nicholas Society, R. A. Withaus, Mr. Grinnell, Mr. Carey, 
Mr. O'Gorman and Mr. Osborne. General Sandford in 
responding to the toast the Army and Navy paid a high 
compliment to the Irish soldiers. 



CHAPTER XX. 

St Patrick's Day Celebrations in New York in 1855 and Other Years 
— ^Addresses by Thomas Francis Meagher, Charles A. Dana, Richard 
O'Gorman and Others — Some Big Processions in Honor of the Great 
Anniversary. 

In 1855 another notable celebration of St. Patrick's anni- 
versary was held by the New York Friendly Sons of St. Pa- 
trick. The event took place at the Metropolitan Hotel. A de- 
tailed report of the exercises appeared in the New York 
" Citizen," of March 24, that year. 

The president of the society (Joseph Stuart, Esq.) was in 
the chair; and the other officers present were John B. Dillon, 
Esq., first vice-president; Samuel Sloan, second vice-presi- 
dent; Charles H. Birney, treasurer; Richard O'Gorman, 
secretary. Among the guests were the presidents of the 
St. George, St. David's, St. Nicholas, and New England soci- 
eties; Mr. Garrison, ex-mayor of San Francisco; Thomas 
Francis Meagher ; Hon. Judge Daly, Court of Common Pleas ; 
James T. Brady, John Brady, Hon. John McKeort, United 
States District Attorney; the Vice-president of St. Andrews; 
Dudley Persse, R. B. Hughes, T. B. Smithson, John Brady, 
Richard Emmet, etc. Dodworth's band was in attendance, 
and performed appropriate airs during the evening. At the 
back of the chair was suspended the green flag of Erin with 
the harp, surrounded by shamrocks and roses, commingling 
with the star-spangled banner. 

Thomas Francis Meagher responded to " Ireland — Our 
mother, forsaken not forgotten. Her children, scattered 
over many lands, revisit her in loving memory tonight. " He 
said: 

The sentiment you have proposed, Sir, enunciates a truth, 
wliich like most truths that have been taught us by adversity. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCEU-ANY JJt 

offers no little matter for mournful meditation. It is in no 
mirthful mood that I approach it. Not in words gayly 
colored with the summer light, which sometimes, at such 
festivities, breaks in upon the mind, and beautifies the sylla- 
bles with which its thoughts are given to the wind, do I 
speak of this day, and the worship of which it is the witness. 
There is a skeleton at this feast; some few may not behold 
it. But to me, the shroud, and the sealed lips, and the cold 
hands, and the beautiful head, bound with the cypress wreath, 
are visible. [Sensation.] 

On the girdle of faded gold there is in ancient letters the 
name of her — the forsaken, but not forgotten one — whose 
sons and daughters we this night, with love and pride, con- 
fess ourselves to be, [Loud cheers.] Not without its con- 
soling and improving influence, however, there sits amongst 
us this silent admonition — as that veiled figure at the Egyp- 
tian suppers,, amid the flare and gayelies of life, conveyed 
the moral, and impressed it deeply, that this world was but 
a phantom, yet that in the space, beyond where it darkened 
or glimmered as a speck, there was anchored an incorruptible 
existence; so does this pale shadow, there before us, teach 
the lesson that here — even liere, in this shifting scene, with all 
its sad mutations, with all its woes and weakness, with all 
its insincerities, and high treasons — [applause] — there is a 
memory which cannot be effaced; there is a loyalty which 
cannot be disturbed; there is a bright fact, which set and 
planted in the old chronicles, perpetuates itself in every 
clime, in every season, year after year, with the promise that 
its vitality shall be enduring. [Cheers.] 

It is a festival of memory — a festival of filial truth, piety 
and love. The words you have spoken. Sir, proclaim, and, 
if need be, vindicate it. With an exquisite tenderness they 
announce that, on whatever spot the sun looks down this 
day, on whatever spot the stars come forth and keep guard 
this night, the children of a little island — far better known 
to the wide world by her errors and misfortunes than by 
such good strokes of fortune as, for the most part, excite 
the interest of the poor, as well as the prosperous, of the 
earth — meet together in loving sympathy and remembrance. 
[Applause.] 

Brilliant though it be, even in this pictured hall, amid 
these flowers, these fruits, these sparkling wines, and with 
this gay audience around us, we form a small, and to one who 



i 



232 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

would look down from a great height, an insignificant por- 
tion of that great chorus, which, throughout the islands, and 
the continents and the seas, commemorates to-day, in genial 
and spontaneous anthems, the initiation into Christianity of 
the nation to which, by birth, we have been privileged to 
belong. [Applause.] In that fragrant island of the pine 
and palm trees, under the arched roof where the bones of 
Columbus have been gathered, there kneels an old man, 
bent down, and tremulous, and feeble, but with joyousness 
and elasticity of heart, praying for the beautiful land, on the 
face of which he has not looked these thirty years, and be- 
seeching God that, though he may not behold it, her happiness 
may be made perfect. 

Beneath the dome which spans the cofHn of the great Em- 
peror of France, and in whose shadow the flags once borne 
by Clare, and Roche, and Dillon, are falling into dust, there 
are students, and young soldiers, and artists — ^men who have 
been born on the shamrock sod, or whose fathers sleep be- 
neath it — grouped together, talking of this day, and praying 
that to the history of McGeoghegan, the chaplain of the 
Old Brigade, a chapter may be added, the glory set forth 
which shall more than compensate for the adversities that 
have come upon their ancient home. Within the gates that 
overlook the Tiber, I well know that the silver thurible has 
this day swung its incense up to mingle with the clouds 
that are the footstool of Him in whose keeping are the 
memories and the destinies of the nations; and well I know 
that from cloister and from class-room there has gone forth 
a hymn invoking blessings on that beggared outcast, who, 
amid the scoffs and buffetings of the multitude, has been 
true to the cross — ^has stood beside and clung close to it, 
even when the eclipse came. [Loud applause.] Far down 
the ocean, in those cities of the South, the foundation stones 
of which were laid by the cavaliers of Isabella, the Catholic, 
there are gatherings in the gloom of Moorish walls; they, 
too, speaking of this day, and wondering if the Southern 
cross shall move upwards, and in its radiant arms embrace, 
from sea to sea, the sands on which, in the dawn of life 
they left their foot-prints. 

By the Australian mountain lakes this prayer and hope 
mingles with the voices of the solitary waters as they flow 
in on the sands strewn with sparkling stones, and fragrant 
with the leaves of the perfumed woods that girdle them — I 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 233 

see, as I have seen four years ago, the green flag flying in 
front of an Irish homestead, bosomed in the depths of the 
brown Tasmanian wood; and I hear, as I heard it there four 
years ago, the fond prayer bubbling up from the hearts of 
an old Irish couple, that Ireland might be blest, that her 
wounds might be healed and made luminous, and that, for 
the ignominies and agonies she has endured, her crown of 
thorns might blossom into flowers. [Loud and renewed 
applause.] 

And here, throughout this vast commonwealth, there are 
songs sung; and there are banners waving; and there are 
bayonets lifted, and there are ballads and hosannahs, and 
panegyrics without end or measure; and there are copious 
cups filled and emptied, and then replenished, and then ex- 
liausted and so on in incalculable rotation. [Laughter.] 
Besides innumerable floors being welted, and acres of sham- 
rock turned up, turned out, turned in and drowned [laugh- 
ter] ; all and everything in honor of that magical Saint, who, 
though born in France, and though a foreigner, served Ire- 
land, the land of his adoption, well. Not alone upon the Hud- 
:Son, not alone upon the lake on which the broken wall of 
Ticonderoga looks down, not alone along the Thousand 
Islands, now saddened with the snows of the pale sky which 
arches them, not alone along the river which rolls its wondrous 
volume through a valley nobler than the Nile, not alone on 
the log huts on the Platte, the Rio Grande, the Colorado, where 
shaggy pioneers strike the staff which bears the stars and 
stripes, and in the wilderness announce that, to vigorous life 
and industry, sterility and desolation must give way; not alone 
in those scenes, distant and desolate though some of them may 
be, is this day held sacred. 

In the valley of the Sacramento — ^you, Sir, (alluding to 
Mr. Garrison) who have worthily filled the municipal chair, 
•will bear witness — [cheers] — in the golden gorges of the 
Yuba; in the black ravines, where the fleeces meeting from 
the slopes and spurs of the Sierra Nevada swell the rushing 
stream; out upon the sea, far below the fabulous Aurora 
Islands, with not a leaf or bird within a thousand miles; out 
upon the sea, amid the white deserts and the white pyramids, 
amongst which the American scholar, under the auspices of a 
princely merchant of this great city, consecrates to the cause 
of humanity and science the flag of the republic — the name 
of Ireland is this day mentioned with devotion. [Continued 



234 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

cheering.] I am but the echo, Sir, of the truth of which you 
have given utterance. My voice may have indeed prolonged 
and multiplied the sound, but it has done no more. 

In the shade of the arbutus woods I have sat beside the 
water on which the purple Rocks of Mangerton look down, 
and there resting on the silent oar, have heard the countless 
choir about and beyond the Eagle's Nest repeat — until the 
trees and stars and the very clouds seemed to pulsate with 
the music — the notes of the solitary bugle. Thus it is with 
me this night. [Hear, hear.] Thus it is with countless 
hearts which this hour, wherever they may throb, reiterate 
the sentiment to which they have given utterance. [Loud 
applause. ] 

And so my task is ended, and let me hope that my love's 
labor has not been wholly lost. [Cheers, and *'hear," "hear."] 
But to a close it has come, for I am not called upon to inter- 
pret or defend the indestructible emotion of an old people. 
No logic can elucidate, no law explain, no social prejudice 
control, no event, however unpropitious, can annihilate the 
love with which an old race to their antique sources and 
morals irresistibly revert. Let the cold or grim philosopher 
who would question it, go back to the school of nature, and 
mystery. Or if he be an old boy, here is my old copy of 
the iEneid for him, from which we learn to reverence the 
fidelity with which a right royal race, flying from the embers 
of their shrines and homesteads, clung amid the wrath of 
gods and men, to their relics, their prophecies, and tradi- 
tions, and in which, perplexed though he may be with the 
profusion of its beauties, he will not find an incident more 
beautiful than that of Andromache building up, in a new 
land, a little image of her ancestral city of Sigieum. [Loud 
applause.] 

In illustration of this feeling, the sad lord of Newstead 
Abbey has written that noble tragedy of the " Two Foscari; '*' 
and often, when far away from this, in an island where I had 
no future, and my thoughts were ever with the past, have I 
said with poor Jacobo, in reply to those who would doubt 
or deprecate this feeling : — 

Ah, you never were far away from Venice; never 
Saw her beautiful towers in the receding distance. 
Whilst every furrow of the vessel's track 
Seemed ploughing deep into your heart; you never 
Saw day go down upon your native spires 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

So calmly in its gold and crimson glory, 
And after dreaming a disturbed vision 
Of them and theirs, awoke and found them not. 
[Cheers.] 

The Poles never forget their beautiful Poland, Through 
the thoroughfares of London they follow the hearse of Camp- 
bell, and when the coffin is lowered in its bed, they throw 
upon it some holy clay brought from the fields of the Vistula. 
It is a Tribute not less sacred than the wedding ring, to 
the genius which gave voice to the dreams, the martyrdoms, 
the great conspiracies for freedom, which for a century have 
been the fever and fatality of the noblest brother of the 
European brotherhood. [Cheers.] The venerable scholar, 
whose theme has been the Pleasures of Memory, cites to us 
the instance of Vespasian preferring to the palatial splendors 
of Rome an humble villa near Reate, — for he was bom 
there; cites, too, the instance of Charles the Fifth, on his 
road to the Monastery of Juste, staying his steps in the 
city of Ghent, and there in the shadow of her graceful spires 
and quaint walls, reviving in the twilight of life the recollec- 
tions of his childhood. [Cheers.] 

Does the philosopher seek more? Is the iconoclast 
not yet satisfied? It may be a ruined altar at which 
we this day kneel. A sceptreless and dowerless nation it 
surely ts whose maternity we this day solemnize; but the 
true love is strong — the true love runs deep — the true 
love never, never fails, be it in the shadow or the 
sunshine; or be it so that the roses and the bridal 
blossoms kiss the stream, or the yew and willow darken its 
depths, and strew their sad branches on the wave. [Ap- 
plause.] I shall say no more. 

It is a day of memories, if not of hopes; and thus a day 
of few words. Indeed, I have to pray the fot^veness of the 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick for a speech which, from the 
jumble it is of geography and Scripture, Sclavonic history 
and Venetian tragedy, may perhaps remind them of the 
schoolmaster's advertisement on the chapel door of Findra- 
more, in which Mr. Matthew Kavanagh, according to Carle- 
ton, begs to inform the inhabitants of the above vicinity, 
that he will lecture on the following branches of education, 
namely: reading and writing, astrology, austerity, fluxious 
and maps, physic and metaphysics, geology, glorification, 
Cornelius Agrippa, and cholera morbus, [laughter.] Sub- 



7 



^36 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

jects on which even insipid men grow eloquent, are excluded 
from this board. 

We meet together in the spirit of the devout Monks of 
the Screw, and every topic that would check or chill the 
generous flow of soul which this night reflects the features 
of our native land, we dismiss after the fashion of honest 
Bully Egan, a brawny brother of the order, who, on being 
threatened with the loss of his Kilmainham judgeship if he 
voted against the Union, unburthened his big soul on the 
floor of the House of Commons in a tremendous philippic 
against the government, winding it up with the exclamation 
— " Ireland forever, and be damned to Kilmainham. " 
[Laughter and cheering.] Religious notions are excluded. 
They would be as unpalatable an intrusion as the thrust of 
Anthony Marlay, of the Duke of Ormonde's dragoons, must 
have been when he ran his antagonist right clean through 
the body with a sword stamped with the likeness of the 
Twelve Apostles. [Renewed laughter.] 

Politics would be as woeful a blunder as that of Handy 
Andy opening a dozen of champagne on the bucket of ice 
when told to ice the champagne. [Laughter.] With the hope 
that the good brotherhood may often and often meet together 
on this day, to do honor to the mother from whose wearied 
womb they come, and bind with the shamrock leaves the pale 
head to which the crown of gold and emerald has been denied, 
I drink to her whose son I am proud to be, though she be 
poor, indeed, though we miss her crest and shield from the 
bright heraldry of other nations, though like her eldest sister 
of Zion, she has become as a widow, she that was as a princess 
among the provinces. [Loud applause.] 

Responses to toasts were made by William M. Evarts, 
John McKeon, James T. Brady, Charles A. Dana, Judge Daly 
and a number of others. Mr. Dana said : 

Mr. President — ^The eloquent gentleman who addressed 
us from the other side of the room said he was brought here 
not merely by the attraction of his blood, but by a sense of 
duty, as an American citizen. I, Sir, came also from a sense 
of duty; quite apart from the attraction offered by the honor 
of your invitation, and the pleasure of sitting at your genial 
and hospitable board. I am here as one whose Americanism 
dates from the rock of Plymouth, to enter my humble pro- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 237 

test against the proscription which is abroad in the land. 
[Great applause.] I feel. Sir, that it is a disgrace, not merely 
to your country, but to our century, that the accident of 
birth under this or that sky, should be made the standard of 
fitness for citizenship. I feel it is a disgrace when we are 
told that genius, merit, science, learning, character, all 
that is the glory of human nature is to be shuffled out of 
sight, into obscurity, because the man who possesses them 
■was not born on the same soil with ourselves. This, I be- 
lieve, is the doctrine which has prevailed in one country, and ' 
has left there an example and a warning. I think that out of 
Imperial Rome the exclusiveness never prevailed; and her 
ruin and the story of her fall attest the vice of her doctrine. 
But I will not detain you with these general remarks. The 
sentiment you have proposed, never could be more sensibly 
illustrated than at this epoch of our country. Now an honest 
Press can make itself felt on the right side, while a dishonest 
Press will certainly lay up for itself dishonor and disgrace in 
the future. 

There may be a temporary success, in linking yourself 
with the propagators of proscription, but it is only tem- 
porary, and it will leave its own bitter punishment behind 
it. For the storm now said to be sweeping over the coun- 
try, I entertain very much the same opinion which a histori- 
cal personage entertained of the flood — I do not believe 
it is much of a storm, after all. It seems to me a storm not at 
all to be dreaded, and which, in passing away, will leave be- 
hind it a purer air, and a calmer sky. [Loud applause.] 
When you refer. Sir, to the honesty of the Press, an eminent 
illustration of honest journalism is brought to my mind. 
I refer to an Irish journalist, a man of great brilliancy of 
talent, and courage past every proof; a man from whom I 
differ on almost all questions, but whom I honor, because, 
in the face of all opposition, he utters his convictions careless 
whether all approve or all condemn. Sir, I propose to offer 
to you, and to the company, the health of John Mitchel — 
[Applause] and I am sure it will be impossible for any one 
to cite a more striking instance of honesty in journalism, and 
what is the essence of honesty — bravery. [Applause.] 

I am aware that Mr, Mitchel is not by any means so pop- 
ular a man in this country as when he came here, and that 
it is he himself who has earned for himself his present posi- 
tion; but, while I regret I differ from him on almost every 



1 



238 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

question, I honor the manly frankness, daring, and constancy 
with which he has uttered and defended his conviction. I 
propose to you, and to the company : "The health of John 
Mitchel, the honest and fearless journalist." [Applause.] 

In 1856, the seventeenth of March occurred during Holy 
week, and the Irish societies of New York city decided to 
postpone their parade until March 24. The military parade, 
however, took place as usual, on March 1 7. The New York 
*' Herald " of March 25, thus spoke of the postponed cele- 
bration : 

" Yesterday was quite a gala day in the city among our 
Irish fellow citizens. To be sure, the weather was not very 
fine, as it threatened rain in the morning, and followed up 
the threat by showering a little during the afternoon, but so 
trifling a circumstance as a storm was not going to deter our 
Celtic friends from commemorating St. Patrick's Day be- 
comingly. 

" The day broke sombre and gloomy, but the rain held up 
until the procession was nearly over, when it showered a 
little, though not enough to do any damage to those who 
participated. By ten o'clock the various civic and trade 
societies had assembled in Second avenue, with the right 
resting on Fourteenth street. At eleven o'clock the proces- 
sion moved down Second street to Bowery, down Bowery 
to Chatham, through Chatham to the East gate of the 
Park, through which they filed past the City Hall, where 
Mayor Wood and members of the Common Council reviewed 
them. 

" The police arrangements in the Park were excellent. 
The vast crowd who had come to witness the fete was kept 
back by chains and well disciplined policemen, and no acci- 
dent or disturbance occurred while the procession was pass- 
ing. * * * There was a vast crowd in the park, among 
whom were many of Hibernia's fair daughters, and much 
interest and enthusiasm prevailed. 

" The procession filed past in the following order, John 
Douglierty, Esq., acting as Grand Marshal, assisted by 



IRISH-AMERKAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 239 

James Sanford and Peter R. Gaynor, as Deputy Grand Mar- 
shals : — 

The Ancient Order of Hibernians, 
Preceded by 
Washington Brass Band, 
And escorted by the 
Emerald and Independent Guards. 
Captains Cox and Mulligan, 
with a banner on which was the device: — " Faith, Hope and 
Charity. Under these we conquer." On the second banner 
were the words : "I will Fight for My Country." 
This society was over 900 strong. 

The Ancient Order of Hibernians Universal Society passed 
next, bearing a banner with the device: — " Let the world 
be a Republic." 
The Irish American Benevolent Society, preceded by 

Stewart's band. 
Flushing Mutual Benevolent Society, preceded by a band. 
Whitworth's band, preceded the Independent Guards, 
who were followed by 
the Quarrymen's Union Protective Society, 
United Sons of Erin, preceded by Monahan's full band. 
Hibernia Benevolent Society, accompanied by Rohner's 
band. 
The Workingmen's United Benevolent Society, with a band. 
'Longshoremen's Mutual Union Benevolent Society, bear- 
ing a banner representing a handsome ship, and the legend : 
' Union, Protection and Benevolence,' 
This society numbered over 1,100 persons. 
Hibernian United Benevolent Society, preceded by Robert- 
son's band. 
" Here came a beautiful representation of a harp, wreathed 
and decorated with flowers, and supported on a handsome 
stand. It was much admired. A cavalcade of horsemen 
closed the procession. 

" The line of march was continued up Broadway to Canal, 
through Canal to Hudson, up Hudson and Eighth avenue to 
Twenty-third street, thence to Broadway, down to Prince, 
where the procession dispersed. Shortly after the procession 
dispersed a heavy rain set in, which continued to a late hour. 



4 



240 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

There seems to be a fatality about St. Patrick's Day — ^it 
always rains." 

The dinner of the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 
in 1858, was a splendid event. The New York "Herald" 
said of it that " Of course the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick 
could not allow St. Patrick's day to pass without the cus- 
tomary dinner, which for seventy-four years has been ob- 
served, and as the Metropolitan has always given a satis- 
factory dinner, the celebration took place at that hotel this 
year. 

" Mr. Richard O'Gorman presided in the absence of the 
President, Mr. Sloan, through illness. Among the invited 
guests were his Honor Mayor Tiemann; the President of 
St. George's Society, Mr. Walker; of St. Andrew's, Mr. 
Norrie; of the New England, Mr. Bonney; of the St. 
Nicholas, Mr. J. De Peyster Ogden; of the Hebrew Society, 
Mr. Joachimsen ; Jos. Hoxie, R. H. Lowry. There were also 
present Judges Daly, Brady, Hilton, O'Connor, Mr. Jas. T. 
Brady, C. H. Bimey, treasurer of the Society, and others. 

" The dinner was served in the large dining hall of the 
Metropolitan, where at least two hundred and fifty guests 
sat down. The dinner was, of course, excellent. The soups, 
the fish, cold dishes, entrees, game, vegetables, pastry and 
dessert, being fully capable of sustaining the reputation of 
the Metropolitan. Among the profuse ornaments which 
adorned the table were confectionery in the shape of the Hill 
of Howth; the Irish Harp, decorated with shamrock; the 
Grand Fancy Temple, Tropic Church, Persian Church, Spring 
Flowers, and white sugar ornaments. The room was 
tastefully decorated with the flags of Erin and America, 
interwoven at either end, while the delicious strains of a 
fine band of music, including many favorite Irish and oper- 
atic selections, r^^led the party while dinner was being dis- 
cussed. 

" Of course, Irish appetites were not backward on this 
occasion, and the various good things were duly taken care 
of, the dinner proper occupying from about seven o'clock 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 341 

until after nine. The cloth being removed and the drink- 
ables freely circulating, 

" Mr. Richard O'Gorraan, temporary president, arose, and 
was received with rapturous applause. He said his first duty 
was to explain why he was there — the coup-d'etat had been 
effected. Their society had left its government still in the 
same hands in which it rested during the past year. His 
presence must be explained by the following letter from the 
President of the Society : — 

Richard O'Gorman, Esq., Vice-President St. Patrick's Society. 

" My dear Sir — It is with regret I am compelled to say 
to you that my public duties at this place will prevent my 
being with you to-morrow around the festive board of St, 
Patrick. For many years I have enjoyed this pleasure, and 
I regret it the more on this occasion as I desired personally 
to acknowledge my high appreciation of the honor conferred 
in reelecting me to the high and honorable position of Presi- 
, dent of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, I beg you will 
convey my grateful thanks for this renewed mark of con- 
fidence and respect. 

" While our time-honored institution does not keep pace 
with the more youthful, vigorous enterprise of the day. it has 
not lost any of its conservative and homebound influence 
among its members. With my best wishes to the Friendly 
Sons, 1 remain, &c. Samuel Sloan. 

" Mr. O'Gonman was, therefore, unexpectedly called upon 
to perform these duties. He saw so many pleasant faces; 
the princes of commerce, learned judges, wit, wisdom, learn- 
ing and song — and surely they needed very little assistance 
from him. [Applause.] This was the 74th anniversary. 
The members differed on multitudes of points, but acknowl- 
edge one tie, the love of country, [Applause.] There was 
no bitterness among them, but they honored the gem of 
genial good fellowship — a bond of brotherhood which he 
trusted would ever suffice to keep them together. [Ap- 
plause.] He would propose the first regular toast. ' St. 
Patrick's Day and all who honor it.' " [Cheers and music, 
" St. Patrick's Day."] 



242 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

There were a number of other toasts, responses being made 
by Joseph Hoxie, Mr. Walker, J. De Peyster Ogden, B. W. 
Bonney, Mayor Tiemann and other gentlemen. Mayor Tie- 
mann, in responding to the toast : " The City of New York," 
said he was not a talking man; he had prepared his speech, 
that he might say just the right thing. He spoke as fol- 
lows : — " In responding to the compliment you have been 
pleased to pay me, gentlemen of the Friendly Sons of St 
Patrick, I think that it will be the part of prudence for so 
thorough a Dutchman as myself to take it entirely ex-officio, 
and let the city reply as far as possible for me. This city of 
New York is greatly indebted to the labors of the children 
of Ireland. If you desire to witness their monuments — look 
around you. They have dug our canals, excavated our 
docks, built our railroads, reared our stores and erected 
our churches, * from turret to foundation stone.' Nor 
is our gratitude as a city to be confined merely to 
these piles of brick, marble, and granite. There are 
higher trophies and nobler memorials than these, of which 
our city can boast : and then remember the sons of Ireland. 
Going back to Revolutionary times, the ashes of the heroic 
Montgomery lie here in the very heart of the city, the first- 
fruits, as it were, of our obligations to the land of his birth- 
one of the martyrs of liberty, who died on a spot consecrated 
by valor, the venerable Heights of Abraham. Passing down 
to the period of * the men of '98,' New York received among 
those exiles (an occasion of which any country might be 
proud) the eloquent Thomas Addis Emmet, the witty Samp- 
son, the honorable and scientific McNevin, * * * * names 
that America glories in as her adopted citizens, and who, with 
their companions, tendered as hearty a love to her as they did 
to the land of their birth, for which they had perilled their lives. 
This city was the spot which first sheltered those patriotic sons 
of Ireland, and they have well repaid the hospitalities they 
received.*' 

The dinner of the New York Friendly Sons, in 1859, was 
thus described by the New York "Herald" : 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 34$ 

Dinner of The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. 

The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick had their accustomed 
dinner at the Metropolitan, last evening- The company num- 
bered about 200, ajnong whom were many of our most dis- 
tinguished citizens. Dinner was served in the usual matchless 
style for which the Messrs. Leland are remarkable. The 
ornaments of the table were of the most elegant description, 
comprising, among others, St. Patrick ; transparent orna- 
ment, with national colors; lyre, mounted, with Horn of 
Plenty; floral pyramid; fruit basket, decorated; St. Patrick's 
Cathedral; the Harp of Ireland; the Temple of Indepen- 
dence; Old America and Liberty. 

The President of the Society, Richard O'Gorman, Esq., 
presided. Among those present were Mayor Tiemann. Gen. 
Shields. Judges Gierke, Hilton, Daly and O'Connor; Richard 
Bell, Joseph Stuart, James T. Brady, T. F, Meagher. John 
Brougham, Malcolm Campbell; P. J, Joachimsen, of the 
Hebrew Society; Capt. Halpin, of the Circassian; J. B. 

Fogarty, W. E. Robinson. Wyoming, Richard Busteed, 

John D, Burchard, A. V. Stout, John E. Devlin, Francis 
Byrne, N. Jarvis, Jr., Ed. Boyle, Capt. Phelan. T, H. Lane, 
H. Alker, G. Tillotson, W. L. Cole, the president of the St 
Nicholas Society; Parke Godwin, E. F. Ward, vice-president 
of the St. George's Society; Mr. Johnston, of the St. An- 
drew's Society; Walter McGee, secretary, and others. 

The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick sent, during the evening, 
the following despatch to several kindred societies in Hali- 
fax, Quebec, Mobile, St. Louis, Charleston, Baltimore, and 
other points : — 

" The Brotherhood of Irishmen at Home and Abroad — 
United in love for the land of their birth, however widely 
separated by land or sea. " 

To which the following responses were received by Judge 
B. O'Connor and read at the dinner : — 

From Quebec. 
"In and outside of the Clarendon House ten thousand 
Irishmen endorse the sentiment of the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick of New York, and in response propose the follow- 
ing sentiment : — ^The Brotherhood of Irishmen — ^Who are 
like the galvanic network going round the habitable globe 
leaving traces of its nationality and faith as firmly fixed 
as the Round Towers of our native land." 



244 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

From Baltimore. 

" Irishmen in the United States. — ^The friends of the con- 
stitution as it is; their attachment to the whole Union admits 
of no divided allegiance North or South." 

Responses to toasts were made by Parke Godwin, Senator 
(Gen). Shields, James T. Brady, Mayor Tiemann, Judge 
Daly, Thomas Francis Meagher, E. Ward, W. L. Lyons, 
John Brougham and others. 

The procession this year — 1859 — was commanded by 
James R. Ryan, as acting Brigadier General. Among the 
organizations in line were the Brigade Lancers, Capt. B. 
Reilley; the New York Irish Dragoons, Capt. D. C. Minton; 
Sixty-ninth Regiment, National Cadets, Emmet Guard of 
New Haven; Independent Guard, Capt. John Kenney; 
Garryowen Musketeers, Capt. Simon Gavagan; Emerald 
Guard, Capt. John Cox; Deignan Guard, Capt. Powers; 
Sarsfield Guard, Capt. James CuUen ; Old Guard, Capt. James 
F. Mackey; National Greens, Capt. Edward Keenan; Kings 
County Volunteers, Capt. Sweeny, and a number of civic 
organizations. 

We have the following account of an event in i860, from 
the New York "Herald": "The Friendly Sons, on St. 
Patrick's Day, i860, again dined at the Metropolitan Hotel, 
New York. Over two hundred members, and a number of 
distinguished guests, were present. Music was furnished by 
Dodworth's band. Judge Daly presided, the vice-presidents 
being Messrs. D. Devlin, W. Watson, H. Hogget and R. 
Bell. 

" Among the guests were Mayor Wood, Judge Qerkc, 
Wm. M. Evarts, president of the New England Society; De 
Peyster Ogden, president of the St. Nicholas Society, and a 
number of others. 

" At the opening of the after-dinner exercises, President 
Daly announced the reception of a letter from Governor 
Morgan, who regretted that official duties prevented his at- 
tendance. He sent his warmest acknowledgments to the Sons 
of St. Patrick for their kind remembrance of him, and his 
best wishes to their prosperity. 

" The president then read a toast transmitted by telegraph 



w 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 345 



frooi the Hibernian Society of Charleston, S. C. : — ' The 
union of Irish hearts and Irish voices the world over in three 
times three for old Ireland.' The sentiment elicited warm 
applause. 

" The following from the Hibernian Society of Philadel- 
phia, Pa,, in response to a toast of the Friendly Sons, was 
also read : — ' We extend to you the right hand of fellowship ; 
may Irishmen and the sons of Irishmen long, long continue 
to occupy the front rank in defence of their adopted country, 
whether it be in the field, in the forum, at the bar or with 
the sword.' 

" Judge Daly then said : — ' It affords me great pleasure to 
congratulate you on the seventy-sixth anniversary of our 
society. There is an American association in these words 
seventy-six. They bring us back to the period, to the 
particular year that commenced with the struggle for Amer- 
ican Independence. They remind us, also, that our ancient 
society commenced in the year 1784. the year after that 
stniggle was closed, the first year of the commencement 
of the American nation. There is, therefore, a double sig- 
nificance in the words upon the present occasion. During 
the long period of time that has elapsed, embraced in sev- 
enty-six years at the annual gathering of the Friendly Sons 
of St, Patrick, there never was an occasion on which they 
could look to the land of their birth or to the land of their 
origin with the same feeling of satisfaction that they can at 
the present moment. And wherever the Irishman may be 
to-night — whether it be in the city of Dublin or at the base 
of the Himalaya mountains, he looks at a spectacle of 
national prosperity in Ireland such as has not been witnessed 
since the birth of St. Patrick. It is my grateful pleasure 
to record, as the result of the past year, the diminution of 
crime, the extension of education and the expansion of in- 
dustry. The circumstance that Ireland has now become a 
depot for four lines of steamships, that she has extended her 
railroads, presents such an example as she never presented 
before of national prosperity and success. He called upon 



246 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

the company to drink with him, in hearty spirit, to * St. Pa- 
trick's Day, and All who Honor it.' 

" A gentleman present then sang * The Minstrel Boy ' and 
later, Stephen J. Massett rendered * The Harp that once.' 
James T. Brady, Esq., delivered an admirable address which 
was enthusiastically received. 

" After addresses by other gentlemen, William M. Evarts 
was called upon. Upon rising, he was received with ap- 
plause. He said that as he walked up Broadway in the after- 
noon and saw the crowds of Irish men and women, he could 
have but one sentiment of joy and pride that this land was 
able to furnish so much for exiles from other lands. He al- 
luded to an earlier celebration of St. Patrick's day than had 
been mentioned by Mr. Brady. It was in 1780, at Morris- 
town, under general orders from Gen. Washington. A nu- 
merous body of American-Irishmen in feeling, in heart, in 
purpose and in arms, celebrated this festive day under the 
auspices and the shield of that great name. Mr. Evarts con- 
cluded by proposing the following sentiment: — 

" * The love of liberty, the sentiment that gave birth to this 
nation ; the sentiment that made it the shrine towards which 
the footsteps of pilgrims from every land have tended and 
still tend; the sentiment that made us of many states and of 
many peoples, one nation — ^the sentiment that must and will 
preserve the Union which it created.' 

" Richard O'Gorman spoke on ' The Poets, Orators and 
Dramatists of Ireland, who have, by voice or pen, done honor 
to their native land.' He was cordially greeted and fre- 
quently applauded throughout his address. He concluded 
by calling upon Mr. Simpson for a song — 3, demand which 
that gentleman promptly met, to the great delight of the 
company." 

In 1 86 1, St. Patrick's day fell on Sunday. At High Mass 
in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York, there was a panegyric 
on the Saint. On Monday, there was a great procession, 
Owen Keenan being grand marshal, and Lieut.-Col. Robert 
Nugent was Acting Brigadier General of the Military di- 



IT 



IRISU-AMBmCAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 247 



vision. Among the military organizations in line were 
Troop L, Sixty-ninth Regiment Brigade Lancers, Capt. Ber- 
nard Riley; Sixty-ninth Regiment, N. Y. S. M., Major James 
Bayley; Eattahon of the Second Raiment, N. Y. S. M., Capt. 
James Brady; Squadron of Cavalry, Capt. D. C. Minton; Nap- 
per Tandy Artillery (of Brooklyn), Capt. Robert Smith; First 
Regiment, Phcenix Brigade, Lieut.-Col. Smith; Battalion of 
Independent companies, Col. Casey. 

Bishop Lynch of Charleston, S. C, was to have lectured 
at Ir^■ing Hall, New York, on Sunday evening, 17th, but ow- 
ing to the delay of the steamship on which he was expected, be 
did not appear in time, and Archbishop Hughes lectured, in- 
stead. 

On the anniversary, in 1861, the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick dined at the Astor House. Judge Daly presided. 
Among the invited guests present were Judges Roosevelt 
and Brady ; W. H. Russell, London " Times " ; W. M. Evarts, 
J. W. Gerard, Judge O'Connor, Philip Pritchard, Vice-Presi- 
dent of the St. George's Society; Sir Dominick Daly, Adam 
Norrie. President of the St. Andrew's Society; J. H. Choate, 
of the New England Society, and William Young, New York 
" Albion," etc. 

Judge Daly, on rising to propose the first toast, congratu- 
lated the Society on reaching its 77th anniversary. 

Mr. Brady responded to the toast " The United States." 
He made a strong plea for the preservation of the Union. 
" The great republic," he said, " belongs to all mankind. The 
great Union had been consummated not for a generation, or 
one race, but for all men and for all generations. This new 
country offers a home and refuge to the oppressnl of alt 
nations." 

Judge Roosevelt, after an address, proposed the toast, 
" Ireland and Holland — The union of their descendants, 
without increasing the faults of either, has improved the 
virtues of both." 

W. H. Russell, of the London " Times," responded to 
" The Press " and delivered a spirited address, which was 
splendidly received. 



CHAPTER XXI. 

Celebrations in Philadelphia, Washington, and Boston — Many Enter- 
taining Incidents Connected with These Anniversary Observances — ^The 
Friendly Sons of St Patrick, Philadelphia, and the Hibernian Society of 
that City — Some Very Notable Gatherings. 

Leaving New York celebrations for a time, we will take 
a glance at observances in other cities. St. Patrick's Benev- 
olent Society, of Philadelphia, observed St. Patrick's Day, 
in 1811, by a banquet, at which thirteen toasts were pro- 
posed, including one to " The Sons of St. Tammany and of 
St. Patrick." The following ofHcers were elected for the ensu- 
ing term : President, Wm. John Duane; Vice-President, John 
Maitland; Treasurer, Daniel M'Karaher; Solicitor, Bryan 
Drum ; Secretaries, Wm. A. Bass, Patrick Callen ; Committee 
of Claims: City, Robert Kean, Thomas M'Clean and Philip 
Riley; Northern Liberties, Hugh Gray and Philip Riley; 
Southwark, Archibald Little and Con. O'Donnell. 

We learn from the New York " Shamrock " that " Tues- 
day, the 17th March, 18 12, being St. Patrick's day, the St 
Patrick's Society of Albany assembled at Mr. Ladd's in 
Beaver street, that city, and elected officers for the en- 
suing year. Among the officers thus chosen were : Thomas 
Haman, Jr., President; Hugh Flyn, ist Vice-President; Jere- 
miah Whallon, 2nd Vice-President; Cornelius Dunn, Treas- 
urer ; Andrew Fagan, Secretary ; John Mahar, Assistant 
Secretary. In the afternoon of March 17, 18 12, the Sons of 
Erin assembled at Ladd's Hotel, Albany. Among those 
present were His Excellency, the Grovernor. The occasion 
was one of much enjoyment. After the cloth was removed 
there were eighteen regular toasts responded to. 

In 1812 there was a celebration by the Society of the 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 349 

Sons of Erin, Washington, D. C. Moses Young was chosen 
President of the Society; Joshua Dawson, Vice-President; 
James H. Kearney, Secretary; James M'CIary, Treasurer. 
The Society then sat down to dinner, provided by Mr. Davis, 
at the Indian Queen Tavern. The same year a number of 
natives of Ireland and their American friends of the Navy 
Yard in Washington, D. C, dined. 

In 1813, the Sons of Erin, Washington, assembled at 
the house of Mr. Moss, near the Navy Yard, and celebrated 
St. Patrick's day. Patrick Kain presided. Among the 
toasts were " The Army," " The Navy," " The President and 
Constitutional Authorities of the United States," " George 
Washington," " Thomas Jefferson." 

The Hibernian Society, of Charleston, S. C, celebrated, in 
1813, at Sollee's concert room. Church street. The following 
officers were elected for the ensuing year: Simon Magwood, 
President; Edmond M. Phelon, Vice-President; Thomas Mal- 
com, Treasurer ; Thomas Stephens, Secretary. The regular 
toasts were eighteen in number, among them being the 
following : " The memory of the patriot heroes who fell 
upon the heights of Queenstown and at the Rapids of the 
Miami." Another toast was to " The memory of Judge 
Burke, who generously bequeathed his property for the re- 
lief of distressed emigrants from Ireland." 

The Charitable Irish Society (organized in 1737), held a 
special meeting, March 8, 1847, at the Stackpole House, 
Boston, and voted that, owing to the famine in Ireland, the 
customary festival, March 17, be omitted that year, and that 
the officers of the Society be a committee to receive contribu- 
tions for the sufferers. At the anniversary celebration in 
1S62, it was reported that among the members of the Soci- 
ety " at the front " were Col. Thomas Cass and Patrick R. 
Guiney (afterwards Brevet Brig. Gen.), of the Ninth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment. 

At a meeting of the Boston Charitable Irish Society in 
1875, Mr. Patrick Donahoe introduced Mr. James Brogan, 
who came from Newark, N, J., " to present the Society a 



2 so IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

scarf," which was worn by his grandfather in 1775, as a mem- 
ber of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. At the celebration 
by the Charitable Irish Society in 1876, " The President 
introduced Mr. Patrick Denvir, who joined the Society fifty 
years ago to-day, viz.; March 17, 1826, and on motion it was 
voted that he be the guest of the Society at the dinner this 
evening, to which he assented." Patrick A, Collins was 
elected President of the Society; Joseph D. Fallon, Vice- 
President; Martin Lennon, Treasurer; J. Stuart MacCorry, 
Secretary ; Patrick Collins, Keeper of the Silver Key. 



The rest of this chapter is devoted to the Hibernian Soci- 
ety of Philadelphia, now known as the Friendly Sons of St 
Patrick, of that city. The original Friendly Sons of St. Pat- 
rick, Philadelphia, was a society organized on March 17, 
1 77 1. It regularly observed the anniversary of St. Patrick, 
but went out of existence some time after 1803. 

The Hibernian Society of Philadelphia was founded March 
3, 1790. It is still in existence, but a few years ago its name 
was changed to the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, the design 
nation that had been borne by the society organized in 1771. 

In our volume on " Early Celebrations of St. Patrick's 
Day," we have given an account of celebrations by the Hi- 
bernian Society down to 1845. ^^ resume the account 
from that period. 

March 17, 1846, the Society observed the anniversary at the 
Columbia House, Philadelphia. The dinner took place at 6 
P. M. A large party of prominent gentlemen attended. The 
company included Joseph Tagert, Robert Taylor, Judge G5b- 
son. Judge Bumside, Judge Porter, Recorder Vaux, Sheriff 
McMichael, Dr. John Holmes, His Honor, the Mayor, and 
many others. Among the toasts was " The memory of the 
12,000 emigrants who landed in Pennsylvania in 1774. The 
Pennsylvania Line owed many of its laurels to their exploits, 
and their blood. Though their names are lost, their services 
should never be forgotten." 



w 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTOFICAL MISCELLANY 



The Society held no dinner in 1847, because of the famine 
prevaihng in Ireland, and the following was adopted at the 
time : " That in consequence of the distress that now per- 
vades all Ireland, a convivial celebration on St. Patrick's day 
is deemed inappropriate, and [we] therefore recommend that 
the customary anniversary dinner be omitted this year, * * " 

On St. Patrick's day, 1848, resolutions were adopted on 
the death of John Lisle, " who for more than thirty-three 
years was a member of this Society, and who through his 
whole life as a public officer, extensive merchant and private 
citizen maintained a high character for integrity and honor." 
The exercises took place at the Columbia House, and among 
those present at the dinner were Joseph Tagert, Chief Jus- 
tice Gibson, Robert Taylor, Robert E. Gray, John Maguire, 
Hugh Campbell, David Boyd, Dr. John Holmes, John Binns, 
Joseph Patterson, Hugh Catherwood, Richard Vaux, James 
Harper, Judge Burnside, William Wallace. Christopher 
Fallon, John Reynolds, Thomas McKee, Mark Devine, 
Charles Ketly, Major Swift, and David Rankin. The fol- 
lowing were among the toasts drank : 

" Ireland — the land of hospitality and affection. May the 
night of adversity which now overshadows her be speedily 
followed by the sunrise of prosperity and the meridian splen- 
dor of her ancient glory." 

" The United States of America. Pre-eminent in all the 
attributes of greatness; subduing at the same time one na- 
tion by the right arm of her power, and another by the out- 
pourings of her benevolence." 

" The Army and Navy of the United States. Buena Vista, 
Vera Cruz and Mexico will be proudly remembered with 
Bunker Hill, Lake Erie and New Orleans." 

" Horace Binney. Philadelphia proudly claims him as 
her son. His eloquence was never more nobly exhibited 
than whilst pleading the cause of the suffering Irish poor." 

At a special meeting of the Society, May 12, 1849, action 
was taken upon the loss of the ship " Swatara," bound for 
Philadelphia, " having on board a large number of passen- 



252 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

gers, mostly Irish." The " Swatara" went asihore below 
Lewistown, Del., many of the emigrants as a result being in 
distress. It was voted to send a committee, " and render 
them such aid and relief as their necessities may require and 
this Society has the power to bestow." The committee faith- 
fully attended to the work assigned it 

Joseph Tagert, who had long been President of the Soci- 
ety, died in 1849, ^^^ ^^ ^ special meeting of the organization 
held August 4, that year, the following preamble was 
adopted : " The members of the Hibernian Society have 
heard with deep regret of the death of their late President, 
Joseph Tagert, Esq., who, for the last thirty-one years, pre- 
sided over their business and social meetings with such kind- 
ness, urbanity, and dignity as greatly to endear him to each 
of them ; and whose character for integrity, benevolence, and 
hospitality, exemplified through a long and useful life, se- 
cured for him the esteem and confidence of his fellow- 
citizens. * * * " Appropriate resolutions of regret were 
adopted. 

The Hibernian Society held its Anniversary dinner in 1850 
at the United States Hotel, Philadelphia. The guests were 
Chief-Justice Gibson, Judge Bumside, and James Glent- 
worth, President of the Welsh Society. Appropriate toasts 
were drank and the occasion proved one of much enjoy- 
ment. 

At the dinner, March 17, 1851, there was a representative 
attendance and among the toasts drank was the following: 
" Ireland on its Western Coast — May it soon have plenty 
of iron rails and iron horses, and plenty of canals and steam 
to communicate with this Western World." Most of these 
interesting facts we find stated in Campbell's excellent his- 
tory of the Hibernian Society. 

At the anniversary dinner of the Society, March 17, 1852, 
there were present, among others, Robert Taylor, William 
A. Porter, Charles Kelly, James Campbell, George McHenry, 
James Harper, Morton McMichael, and Dr. Elisha Kent Kane, 
the Arctic explorer. Among the toasts was : " The Health of 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 253 

Valentine Holmes, late Secretary of this Society, and now 
American Consul at the Port of Belfast, Ireland." 

At the meeting on March 17, 1853, a committee "ap- 
pointed to consider the advisability of contributing a block 
of marble to the Washington monument at Washington, 
D, C," reported a recommendation to the members to raise 
the cost of the same by private subscription. The recom- 
mendation was adapted. Chief Justice Jeremiah S. Black 
was one of the guests at the dinner on this occasion. 

At the anniversary dinner, March 17, 1854, President 
Joseph Sill of the St. George's Society, who was present as 
a guest, offered the following toast ; " All hail to the gallant 
Irishman, Captain Robert John McQure, who, in the ship 
' Investigator,' solved the problem of the existence of the 
North West passage between the Eastern and Western 
worlds." Other toasts were responded to by Col. William 
C. Patterson, Col. Wynkoop, and others. Among others 
present were Judge R. C. Grier, Judge J. S. Black and Mayor 
Gilpin. John Drew, the actor, was elected to membership on 
Dec. 18, 1854. 

At the dinner of the Hibernian Society, March 17, 1855, 
addresses were made by Gen. Patterson, Judge Bumside, 
Judge William D. Kelley, and John Binns. During the even- 
ing sentiments were received by telegraph " from the St. 
Patrick's Society of New York and the Hibernian Society 
of Baltimore, both of which were responded to in a proper 
manner." 

At the meeting March 17, 1856, Gen. Robert Patterson 
was elected president of the Society and James Harper, vice- 
president. Judge Grier, Judge Lewis, Judge Sharswood, 
and Judge Thompson were among the guests at the dinner. 

The Hibernian Society dined on March 17, 1857, at Jones' 
Hotel. " The dinner was sumptuous beyond any that 
the society has had tor years. The wines and viands 
were of the choicest qualities and it is needless to say that the 
company did them ample justice." Daniel Dougherty was 
among those present on this occasion. 



:254 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Gen. Patterson presided at the anniversary dinner March 
17, 1858. There were present, among others, the Rev. Dr. 
Blackwood, the Rev. Father O'Brien, Chief-Justice Walter 
Lowrie, Judges W. A. Porter and James Thompson, CoL 
John W. Forney, and Daniel Dougherty. Attention was 
called to the fact that John Binns, who was present, " was 
<:elebrating the fiftieth anniversary of his election as a mem- 
ber." The menu for this year does not appear to have 
been all that could have been desired, and the Secretary re- 
cords that " the dinner was by no means such as the Society 
has been in the habit of having served up. The wines were 
poor and scarce at that, the attendance was mean, the waiters 
were few and impertinent. The whole thing was contempti- 
ble." Notwithstanding all this, we are told that the toasts 
were responded to "in a very eloquent and happy manner." 

March 17, i860, the Society held its anniversary dinner 
at the Continental Hotel, with " the largest company wc 
have had for some years." Among the toasts was the follow- 
ing : " The President of the United States." This was re- 
ceived with nine cheers. The President read a letter from 
President James Buchanan, regretting his inability to be 
present, and saying, " My heart has ever been true to my 
father's countrymen. They are warm-hearted, generous, 
and brave, and their friendship is an evergreen which de- 
fies the northern blast." 

Forty-five members attended the anniversary dinner in 

1861, and there were a number of guests. Governor Andrew 
G. Curtin was among those present at the dinner March 17, 

1862, and responded to the toast, " Pennsylvania." 

The anniversary dinner in 1863 witnessed eighty-one 
members and guests present. Gen. Robert Patterson, Presi- 
dent of the Society, was then at the front fighting for the 
Union, and the vice-president, Hon. James Harper, occu- 
pied the chair. 

At the anniversary dinner in 1864 forty-eight members 
and six guests were present. Gen. Patterson occupied the 
chair. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY aS5 

Similar celebrations of St. Patrick's Day were held in 
1865, 1866, 1867, and 1868. At the dinner this latter year a 
telegram of greeting " was received from the Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick of New York city, and a return telegram sent." 

Anniversary dinners were also held in 1869, 1870 and 
1871. A notable feature of this latter dinner was the at- 
tendance of the President of the United States, U. S. Grant, 
who was present as a guest. The event look place at the St. 
■Cloud Hotel. As President Grant entered all present arose, 
and the " three times three cheers might have been heard 
at some distance." President Grant responded to one of the 
toasts and stayed until the end of the festivities. Accom- 
panying him were Gen. Horace Porter, Hon. Adolph E. 
Borie and Anthony J. Drexel. There were also addresses 
■during the evening by Messrs. Borie and Drexel, Gen. Rob- 
ert Patterson, Mayor Fox and other gentlemen. 

While the anniversary dinner in 1872 was progressing, the 
following telegram was received from New York city : " The 
Friendly Sons of St, Patrick send their cordial greeting and 
wish you many happy returns of the day." The following 
reply was sent to New York: " S. O. A, Murphy, Esq., Sec- 
retary of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Hotel Bruns- 
-wick. New York : The Hibernian Society cordially recipro- 
cates your friendly greetings, and hope that [in] the futiu^, 
as in the past, the Sons of Ireland may do honor to the 
country of their birth, and the country of their adoption. 
■(Signed) Robert Patterson, Pres't." At this dinner there 
were present among the guests members of the Japanese 
Embassy to the United States. Equally enthusiastic were 
the anniversary dinners in 1873, 1874, 1875, and 1876. Gen. 
Hawley was one of the guests at the dinner this latter year, 
as were also Col. John W. Forney, Chief Justice Agnew, and 
Judge Sharswood. 

On Sept. 9, 1875, the Hibernian Society gave a compli- 
mentary dinner at the Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, to 
the Dublin University Boat Club and the Irish Rifle Team. 
Among those present were Gen. Robert Patterson, Mor- 



as6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

ton McMichael, R. Shelton MacKenzie, William Brice, 
Robert H. Beattie^ Thomas R. Patton, Governor Curtin, 
Mayor Stokley, Augustus Morris, Australian Commissioner; 
and Dr. Darmfelt, Swedish Commissioner. 

In 1877 the, anniversary dinner took place at the Girard 
House, Philadelphia, and though there was an attendance 
of but thirty-eight persons in all, the event was thoroughly 
enjoyable. 

Anniversary dinners were also held in 1878, and succeed- 
ing years. The dinner in 1880 was participated in by thirty 
members and fifteen guests. Judge Trunkey of the Pennsyl- 
vania Supreme Court, Mayor William S. Stokley and ex- 
Governor Curtin were among the guests. We are told by 
the Secretary that "after a delightful evening, enlivened with 
song and story — feast of reason and flow of soul — ^the meet- 
ing adjourned finally at 11.40 p.m. in peace and harmony." 

On March 17, 1881, Gen. Robert Patterson, who had been 
President since March 17, 1856, was again reelected. On 
Aug. 7, 1 881, he died, and prompt and appropriate action 
was taken by the Society. 

William Brice was elected President of the Society March 
17, 1882. Forty-four new members were proposed at the 
election March 17, 1884. At a special meeting in Aprils 
1886, the committee on history reported " the presentation 
to the society by the First City Troop (through Mr. Joseph 
Lapsley Wilson) of a copy of the History of the Troop, 
' whose early history is so intimately associated with that of 
the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick.' " 

The Hibernian Society held one of the most interesting 
dinners in its history on March 17, 1887. The menu was 
an unusually elaborate one, and there were eleven toasts. 
Music was rendered by Simon Hassler's orchestra. John 
Field presided. During the evening a delegation from the 
Clover Club, which was celebrating St. Patrick's Day in 
another part of the city, was received amid great enthusi- 
asm. During the exercises remarks were made by William 
Brice, Robert M. McWade, M. P. Handy, and ex-Governor 



w 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



Curtin, ex-Senator W. A. Wallace, Chief Justice Ulysses 
Mercur, Col. McClure, ex-Senator Robert Adams, Jr., Col. 
A. Louden Snowden, Charles Emery Smith, and a number 
of other gentlemen. (Quarterly gatherings were also held 
from time to time.) 

A very notable quarterly dinner was held by the Hiber- 
nian Society on the afternoon of Sept. 17, 1887. The affair 
look place in St. George's Hall, Philadelphia. On the menu 
card were vignettes of Washington, Jackson, Grant and 
Cleveland, with the dates 1771-1887, and the words: " Ban- 
quet of the Hibernian Society of Philadelphia, One-hun- 
dredth Anniversary of the Adoption of the Constitution of 
the United States. St. George's Hall, September 17. 1887." 
The company sat down to dinner at 3 :3o o'clock, and among 
the guests were Grover Cleveland. President of the United 
States; Charles S. Fairchild, Secretary United States Treas- 
ury; Jusanmi R. Kuki. Japanese Minister; Cardinal Gibbons, 
Governor James A. Beaver, Pennsylvania; Governor Rob- 
ert S. Green, New Jersey; Governor Fitzhugh Lee, Virginia; 
Governor John P. Richardson. South Carolina; Governor 
S. B. Buckner, Kentucky; Governor Charles W. Sawyer, 
New Hampshire; Governor P. C, Lounsbury, Connecticut; 
Governor Benjamin T. Biggs. Delaware; Governor .Mfred 
M. Scales, North Carolina; Governor E, Willis Wilson, West 
Virginia; ex-Governor James Pollock, Pennsylvania; ex- 
Governor Henry M. Hoyt, Pennsylvania; ex-Governor 
John F. Hartranft, Pennsylvania; Maj.-Gen. J. M. Schofield, 
United States Army; Rear Admiral Colhoun, United States 
Navy; Commodore George W. Melville, United States 
Navy ; Edwin S, Fitler, Mayor of Philadelphia ; Mayor 
O'Brien, of Boston ; Archbishop Ryan, of Philadelphia ; Rev. 
John S. Macintosh, D.D., Philadelphia; Hon. Wm. D. 
Kelley, Hon. A. C. Harmer, Hon. William A. Wallace, Hon. 
Lewis C. Cassidy, Thomas Cochran, Esq., W. U. Hensel, 
Esq., Hampton L. Carson, Esq., Hon. Charles O'Neill, Col. 
A. K. McClure, Wm. V, McKean, Esq., George F. 
Parker, Esq., James R. Young, Esq., Samuel Lees, Presi- 



2S8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

dent St. George's Society; Craig D. Ritchie, Vice-President 
St. Andrew's Society, and Hon. H. G. Jones, President Welsh 
Society. Hon. Andrew G. Curtin, ex-Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, a member of the Society, presided on this occasion. 
The event was one long to be remembered for the promi- 
nence of those present and the entertaining character of the 
whole affair. 

The anniversary dinner in 1889 was another great event 
The members and guests present numbered nearly 200. The 
dinner was held at the Stratford. Hon. William McAleer 
presided. Among those responding to toasts were John H. 
Campbell, Hon. Wayne MacVeagh, Governor James A. 
Beaver, Judge W. N. Ashman, Mayor Edwin S. Stuart, and 
Governor Biggs of Delaware. 

William Brice was elected President of the Society at the 
anniversary meeting, March 17, 1890. The dinner this year 
was held at Boldt's restaurant, in the Bullitt Building. 
Among those responding to toasts were Clayton McMichael, 
editor of the "North American"; District Attorney G. S. 
Graham; State Senator Boies Penrose; State Senator B. F. 
Hughes; and Thomas A. Fahy. During the exercises there 
were short addresses by Governor Biggs, of Delaware; ex- 
Mayor William B. Smith, and David W. Sellers. 

The anniversary dinner, March 17, 1891, was held at the 
Continental Hotel, the attendance being large and many 
prominent people being in attendance. Among those pres- 
ent were Judge James Jay Gordon, Gen. Daniel H. Hastings, 
Hon. Thomas V. Cooper, John L. Lawson, Robert Emmet 
Monaghan, John L. Kinsey and Gen. St. Clair A. Mul- 
holland. On each St. Patrick's Day since then the Hibernian 
Society of Philadelphia has continued to appropriately cele- 
brate St. Patrick's Day. The organization has also finan- 
cially assisted at different periods various worthy causes, 
and must be considered, under its new name as under its old, 
one of the truly representative societies of the country. 



CHAPTER XXII. 

The Hibernian Society of Charleston, S. C. — ^A Sketch of Its History 
— One Hundredth Anniversary Exercises — Extracts from the Historical 
Address Delivered on That Occasion — ^The Irish Volunteers of Charles- 
ton — St Patrick's Benevolent Society. 

Another great Irish-American organization is the Hi- 
bernian Society, of Charleston, S. C Many splendid cele- 
brations of St. Patrick's Day have been held under its aus- 
pices. The one hundredth anniversary of the organization 
was observed on Monday, March i8, 1901, on which occasion 
an address descriptive of the history of the Society was de- 
livered by Hon. Augustine T. Smythe. The Charleston 
'* News and Courier," March 19, 1901, had an excellent re- 
port of the affair, from which we extract the following : 

The one hundredth anniversary of the founding of the 
Hibernian Society of Charleston was fittingly marked yester- 
day with ceremonies and oratory and feasting. The day was 
a memorable one — not only to members of the Society, but 
to every Irishman and descendant of Irishmen, and every 
other good citizen of Charleston. The Hibernian Society is 
one of the most substantial, progressive and patriotic organi- 
zations in this proud old city, and even those who are not en- 
rolled upon its books know full well its worth and appreciate 
its influence and example. 

It is only natural, therefore, that the upper hall of the 
Society's fine building was well filled yesterday when Presi- 
dent McGahan led the way to the stage with Hon. Augus- 
tine T. Smythe, and following were the Rev. G. R. Brackett, 
D.D., Mgr. D. J. Quigley, the Rev. Charles S. Vedder, 
D.D., the Rev. P. L. Duffy, D.D., the Rev. Robert Wilson, 
D.D., the Hon. J. Adger Smyth, Judge James Aldrich, the 



a6o IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Hon. James Simons, Mr. G. Herbert Sass, the Hon. T. W. 
Bacot, Mr. Frank Q. O'Neill, Major A. W. Marshall, Capt 
J. F. Redding, the Hon. J. F. Ficken, Mr. Julian Mitchell, 
Sr., Col. James Cosgrove, Mr. A. W. Petit, Col. C. S. Gads- 
den, Mr. E. F. Sweegan, Col. James Armstrong, Mr. Asher 
D. Cohen, Mr. R. J. Morris and others. The procession 
ascended the stage and was seated, while members of the 
Hibernian Society, St. Andrew's Society, the Society of the 
Cincinnati, the Huguenot Society, the St. Patrick Benevolent 
Society, the Ancient Order of Hibernians, the Daughters of 
the Confederacy, the Colonial Dames, and other organizations 
filled the seats in the body of the hall. 

President McGahan called the assemblage to order at 
about I .-30 o'clock and asked that Dr. Brackett invoke the 
Divine blessing upon the occasion. 

President McGahan then said that the centennial address 
would be made by the Hon. Augustine T. Smythe : 

Mr. Smythe said : 

ADDRESS OF HON. AUGUSTINE T. SMYTHE. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : Another has well 
said : " The history of the Irish race in America is one which 
those in whose veins its blood runs may read with pride and 
pleasure. It is in the main a record of privations endured 
with manly fortitude, of difficulties overcome by invincible 
determination, of unselfish patriotism often displayed under 
the most unfavorable circumstances, of unremitting industry, 
too seldom successful in obtaining its just rewards, and of 
unswerving fidelity and devotion to the cause of freedom, 
and persistent attachment to the principles to whose suc- 
cessful assertion and maintenance this Republic owes, not 
only its origin, but its glory, progress and prosperity." 

It is, therefore, a most natural desire on the part of Irish- 
Americans, in which desire the loyal members of the Hi- 
bernian Society most heartily share, to preserve the mem- 
ory of the part taken by men of their blood, especially those 
who were members of this Society, in establishing and build- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCBLLANY 96l 

ing up this nation, and especially this community. Such a 
desire is worthy and patriotic, and to effect this purpose, not 
only for their own gratification, but to perpetuate for their 
children the history of their brave forefothers, interwoven 
as it is with so much of the history of Charleston, they have 
asked that this address, containing what can be gathered up 
of the records of the Hibernian Society from its inception, 
shall be prepared to be preserved among the archives of the 
Society. 



In the history of our own State we find that as early as 
1 716, five hundred Irish feunilies came to the middle part of 
South Carolina, tempted by the liberal offers of the Lords 
Proprietors, to undertake the settlement of frontier lands 
and undergo the many dangers of so close a proximity to 
Indian tribes. The success of this settlement, however, was 
not very permanent, as many were killed and the larger part 
of the survivors were driven back to the low country. 

In 1737 another colony of Irish was located in South Caro- 
lina, near the Santee, and called Williamsburg. And again 
in 1739 there was a large emigration, mostly to the low 
country. 

Time does not permit, nor does occasion call for the de- 
tails, or even an enumeration, of the different Irish immigra- 
tions into this state. Those referred to have been men- 
tioned because they were settlers principally in the lower 
country, and not in the upper part of the state, where so 
many Irish were afterwards colonized. 

It is estimated that in the years 1771 and 1772 between 
17,000 and 18,000 emigrated to America from all parts of 
Ireland; from the Protestants of Ulster and the north, the 
" Hearts of Steel/' to the gallant men of the south, " the 
White Boys." These were scattered through the then thir- 
teen original colonies, but many came to South Carolina 
and settled in Charleston. A large number of these men 
joined the Continental army and fought through the Revo- 



262 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

lutionary war. It is said that nearly one-half of the Conti- 
nental troops were of Irish descent. 

Many prominent men of Charleston of that date were 
Irishmen. Edward Rutledge, the signer of the Declaration 
of Independence; likewise, John Rutledge, afterwards Chief 
Justice of the United States ; Thomas Lynch, another signer 
of the Declaration of Independence; Gen. William Thomp- 
son, who was the assistant commander at the battle of Fort 
Moultrie; William Jasper, who was unwilling to fight without 
the flag; these, and many others still honored in our mem- 
ory, were, as the Irishman would say, either originally born 
in Ireland or in South Carolina of Irish parents, and in the 
latter case it was not their fault that they were bom in 
Charleston and not in the Green Isle. Later on, when we 
come to the time of John C. Calhoun and Andrew Jackson, 

the list, honorable as it is, is too long for insertion here. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ 

The year 1798 is known in Irish history as that of the 
" Great Rebellion." The people of Ireland, smarting under 
the accumulated wrongs inflicted upon them by their Eng- 
lish masters, rose in revolt, and the contest was long and 
sanguinary. The result was as might have been expected. 
The few were overcome by the many, not only overcome, but 
crowded out, and shipload after shipload left for the shores 
of America to find here the freedom and the opportunity to 
live which was denied them at home. 

After this unsuccessful insurrection large numbers of these 
Irish emigrants came to Charleston and joined in the efforts 
of their brethren already here, not only by social intercourse 
to perpetuate the memories of their dearly loved home, but 
by organized effort to help the needy and afflicted of their 
race. Many, no doubt, had known each other at home, and 
glad they were to find old friends on the new shore. Always 
convivial, always hospitable, never happier than when amid 
a choice circle of congenial spirits, the Irish gentlemen of 
Charleston welcomed their newly arrived brethren to their 
hearts and to their homes. We can picture the gatherings 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 263 

of the new comers with the old residents, as they would 
come together, when the curtains were drawn, the lights lit, 
and the fire burning upon the hearth, to tell again and listen 
to the stories of trouble past, and to speak of hope for the 
future, not only for themselves, but for their dear native 
land. And how prominent a member of that conclave always 
was the highly polished copper tea-kettle, full of boiling hot 
water; the dish of sugar, the plate of lemons, and the jug of 
" Poteen," with which their meetings would be closed. For 
they were convivial in their tastes, those ancestors of ours, 
and the tastes and habits of their native land they brought 
over with them. 



From such gatherings came the Hibernian Society. 
Among the earliest accounts of which we have any knowl- 
edge is that given by the widow of Mr. Edward Courtenay, 
one of the eight original founders of the Society, and the 
father of our distinguished ex-mayor, the Hon. William A. 
Courtenay. This estimable lady survived her husband, not 
dying until 1852. As we learn from her distinguished son, 
she was married in 1794, and her husband, Mr. Courtenay, 
at that date took his turn five or six times a year at enter- 
taining a number of gentlemen, fellow-countrymen of his, 
who used to meet once a week, in rotation, at each other's 
houses for social intercourse and for interchange of views. 
These meetings, which were going on in 1794, were, as we 
have seen, increased in numbers and in interest by the influx 
of emigrants who came over in 1798, and thereupon the in- 
formal gatherings in the houses of different gentlemen as- 
sumed a more formal aspect. For it must be borne in mind 
that the emigrants of 1798 were not solely from the poorer 
or laboring classes. Men of all ranks, of all creeds, of all 
pursuits took part in that unfortunate rebellion, and when 
it failed men of cultivated mind, as well as men of muscle, 
sought refuge and freedom in the new land. 



264 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

In his address on the laying of the corner-stone of the 
Hibernian Hall, on the i8th of March, 1839, Bishop England 
dates the origin of the Hibernian Society to 1798, when a 
few Irish emigrants came together " for the purposes of 
benevolence, hospitality and social enjoyment." 

Mr. Thomas Stephens, in the interesting account which 
he prepared and read before this Society on March ist, 1842, 
tells us : " This Society commenced on the 1 7th of March, 
1799. It was originated by eight generous Irishmen not 
long arrived, viz. : Thomas Malcom, Edward Courtenay, Wil- 
liam Hunter, James Hunter, Joseph Crombie, Andrew Smylie, 
James Quinn and John S. Adams, who, according to the poet 
Crafts, met, heart in hand, at each other's residences every 
second Thursday, to converse and to contribute towards the 
fund to relieve distressed emigrants ; and every fourth Thurs- 
day engaged themselves in sentiment ai^d song and supper; 
and so continued to meet until from increased numbers it be- 
came more convenient to assemble at some hotel, when on the 
26th of September, 1799, they met at Mr. Burger's, in Queen 
street, in order to adopt a constitution and rules." 

♦ ♦ 4t ♦ ♦ 4t 

And the rules were continued to the present day. And 
right faithful and well were these rules carried out, not only 
in spirit, but in letter. At every monthly meeting the com- 
mittee on relief reported to the Society the applications 
which had been made to it during the month previous and 
the amounts which it had contributed from the Society funds. 
These amounts were usually expended in paying the passage 
of poor emigrants either to this state or to other places, 
where homes were provided for them, and relieving the poor 
and the distressed, while elaborate provisions were adopted 
for paying pensions regularly to the widows and orphans of 
deceased members. 

Commencing with monthly payments of $25 to $30, 
these increased, from time to time, until very frequently the 
amounts paid out will be found to aggregate $110 and $125, 
and sometimes over $200 per month. So faithful and well 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 265 

did our fathers adhere to their rule of assisting the poor and 
distressed emigrant who needed help that we find the sums 
expended in such relief from 1817 to 1881, during which 
time we can trace them from the books, amount to $19,869.89. 
all of which was paid either from the i^rest on the invested 
iunds or from the dues of the membpirC 

This relief, however, was not confined to the actually poor. 
Distress only temporary was also relieved, and the books are 
full of instances in which those in necessity received the bene- 
fit of a loan from the Society, for which their notes were 
^ven, and these notes were subsequently redeemed and the 
money paid back. The Society not only put bread into the 
mouth of the starving, but it aided the stranger in tempo- 
rary difficulties until he could get the funds with which to 
pay his debts. 

Most especially was this done during the years from 1846 
to 1848, when the " great famine " prevailed in Ireland. We 
are all familiar with the accounts of horrible suffering which 
took place in that ill-fated country during that period. In 
order to realize the misery of that time it is sufficient to re- 
call the fact that during those three years over one million 
and a half of the inhabitants of Ireland, men, women and 
children, died. The census of Ireland of 1841 showed 8,175,- 
125. It was supposed that the next census of 1881 would 
have shown the increase of over a million, instead of which 
it showed the population to be only 6,550,000. A very large 
number had emigrated to America, but, after allowing for 
that, and taking into consideration the natural increase in ten 
years, we find that the mortality from the famine was one 
million and a half. 

The whole civilized world was stirred to its foundations 
at the accounts of distress and want and famine which reached 
them from the Green Island. The heart of America was 
moved, as was only right, for aid from America was but pay- 
ing a debt; as history tells us that in 1676, when the city of 
Boston was suffering greatly for want of provisions, a ship 
^as laden from Dublin for Boston, and arrived with a full 



266 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

cargo of provisions, worth at that time one thousand pounds 
sterling, which was divided among ii6 suffering families of 
that city. 

Well might America, therefore, feel called upon, from her 
fulness, to return in kind this generous assistance, and right 
cheerfully and spontaneously did her great heart open and 
her ready hand extend help and comfort to the suffering 
across the sea. No community was more stirred, no society 
was more interested in the movement for general relief, than 
were Charleston and the Hibernian Society. At once the 
Society took the lead in securing aid. At a meeting on the 
2d of February, 1847, a committee was formed, with full 
powers to devise measures for relief and to carry them imme- 
diately into effect. 

♦ 4t ♦ ♦ ♦ 4t 

Judge A. E. Burke, of Charleston, was one of the early 
members of the Society. He died on the 3d day of March, 
1802. By his will, dated 13th of January, of that year, he 
directed : " That his house and lot in town, and his tract of 
land on the Wateree River be sold to the best advantage, 
that the purchase money be well secured, so as to bring a 
regular interest, or bank shares, and that every shilling of 
the whole be settled and appropriated for the sole purpose 
of giving a little aid to such poor Irish emigrants and their 
successors as shall arrive in this country.'* 

4t 4t 4t ♦ ♦ 4t 

What was known as the Blair legacy of $1,000, left by 
John Blair, of Yorkville, was represented by sixty shares in 
the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank, of Baltimore, valued at 
$25 a share, and was left to the Society in 1857. This stock 
was in hand at the close of the war, and by direction of the 
finance committee it was sold on the 31st day of June, 1875, 
in Baltimore, at $40 per share, the net proceeds amounting 
to $2,348.80, which amount was appropriated to the payment 
of the floating debt, and $1,000 was paid on account of the 
principal of the bonds of the Society then outstanding and 
payment of which was being demanded. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 267 

In 1836 Simon Magwood, who for so long a time had 
been the president of the Hibernian Society, departed this 
life, leaving his last will and testament, whereby he devised 
'' to the Hibernian Society of Charleston, of which I have 
long been a member, with great satisfaction to myself, 
$1,000, to be laid out in stock, the interest only to be applied 
to the relief of objects of charity, such as the committee on 
charity of the Society may think deserving without reference 
to either religion or country." 

And in his will he carefully notes that he was bom on the 
9th of April, 1763, in Monaghan, in the north of Ireland, and 
arrived in Charleston on the ist of August, 1785. His 
wishes were complied with; the money invested; the inter- 
est used for charity, but that, like all other invested funds 
of the Society, went out during the late war. 

Another legacy left to the Society was by Walter Good- 
man, who died prior to 1827. This, amounting to $1,000^ 
was also left for the purpose of being used in aid of charity, 
and was scrupulously kept apart until it, too, became swal- 
lowed up in the vortex of the war. 

It must not be supposed, however, that the Hibernian 
Society devoted its whole existence to a convivial meeting 
on one night in every month, and to a royal dinner on St* 
Patrick's Day in every year, without regard to the public 
events of interest which were taking place in the community 
in which it was located. Far to the contrary: 

When, in 1812, America became involved in war with 
Great Britain, there was great fear of destructive attacks by 
the British fleet along the coast. In Charleston a committee 
of twenty-one was formed to raise contributions for the pur- 
pose of aiding in the general defence of the city. On the 5th 
of April, 1813, Thomas Bennett, Jr., as chairman of the com- 
mittee, addressed a communication to Simon Mag^ood, 
Esq., president of the Hibernian Society, saying that " he had 
been instructed by the committee to call the attention of the 
Society to a resolution concurred in by a respectable con- 
vention on the 28th of March, 181 3, and to the necessity of 



268 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

extraordinary contributions at the then present moment," 
and expressed the hope " that the Hibernian Society would 
be prompt in participating in the common burden." 

Enclosed was a copy of the resolution referred to, reading: 
" And that the moneyed and other corporations in 
Charleston, who are exempt from taxation, be requested to 
convene their stockholders and members and submit to 
them the propriety of contributing towards the defence and 
protection of the city one-eighth of i per cent, of their 
available or active capital or stock." 

This request was promptly complied with by the Society, 
and we find among the archives another letter from Mr. 
Thomas Bennett, as chairman, dated 3d of August, 1813, 
stating that he had been directed by the committee of twenty- 
one to express " their thanks for the prompt and patriotic 
contributions the Society had been pleased to make for the 
protection of Charleston, and expressing no surprise that the 
Society, composed of Irishmen and the sons of Irishmen, 
should be prompt and ready to evidence to the world their 
devotion to liberty and to their country." 

" May your valuable institution, gentlemen, long continue 
to enjoy those privileges by which it has been fostered, and 
the delightful gratification of serving a cause of humanity 
and our country." 

In 1836, upon the call for volunteers for the Florida war, 
the Irish Volunteers, in whose ranks were a large number 
of the members of the Hibernian Society, promptly volun- 
teered to go to the front, and took active part in the cam- 
paign, many of the members being killed. Great interest 
was taken in Charleston in this command, not only in those 
that went, but in their families who were left behind. On 
the 2d of February, 1836, a committee of five was appointed 
by the Society to represent it at a meeting to be held at 
Seyles Hall, for the purpose of making all necessary arrange- 
ments to provide for the families of the Irish Volunteers 
who were about to depart for Florida. This committee con- 
sisted of Simon Magwood, Bishop England, Samuel Patter- 
son, James Adger and Robert Wetherspoon. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 26^ 

■ 

The meeting was duly held. Bishop England was called 
to the chair and a resolution was adopted : " That we are 
impelled by patriotism, sympathy and friendship to aid as far 
as in our power in protecting and sustaining the brilliant 
men who have zealously volunteered to proceed to Florida 
under the command of Capt. Henry." 

A committee of ten was appointed to make arrangements 
as well for the necessary comforts of the Volunteers as for 
those dependent on them during their absence, the chairman 
of the meeting to be the chairman of the committee. The 
committee was appointed, the Hibernian Society sub- 
scribed $500 towards the fund, and an earnest Christian letter 
was addressed to them by Bishop England. In this he called 
their attention to the fact that " while in the opinion of sev- 
eral friends of the Irish Volunteers they were not called upon 
to do more than their proportionate share of duty in the 
present case, yet that, prompted by their zeal and patriotism, 
they devoted themselves to the praiseworthy service of pro- 
tecting the settlers on the frontier from the horrors of sav- 
age aggression." 

The Irish Volunteers, therefore, left for the scene of war, 
not only themselves provided for, but feeling that their loved 
ones were to be looked after, and their thanks were returned 
to their countrymen for their kind and liberal conduct. 

♦ 3|c 4c ♦ ♦ 4c 

When the war broke out between the States, that same 
spirit of patriotic love of country which animated every true 
Southern man stirred in the breasts of the sons of St. Pat- 
rick who constituted the Hibernian Society. Willingly, 
gladly, they responded to the call to arms, and in company 
after company which left this city to take part in the strug- 
gle for freedom numbers of the Hibernian Society were 
found. Nobly did they do their duty, and the unmarked 
grave on many Virginia battlefields contains all that was 
mortal of some worthy son of the Hibernian Society who 
gave his life. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 4c ♦ 4c 



270 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

And when the war was over, and the Society was strug- 
gling to restore something like order into its unsettled 
finances and condition, the cry of trouble again came across 
the country from Memphis, then scourged by yellow fever. 
The Society did not have its $50,000 in invested funds at that 
time upon which to draw, but out of its limited means they 
telegraphed the then mayor of Memphis to draw upon the 
treasurer for $200, the contribution of the Society for the 
wants of Memphis, and the draft so drawn is held as a 
memento of this voluntary offering. 

No less sincere and earnest were our forefathers in carry- 
ing out the other original object of the Society — ^true enjoy- 
ment. Once a month they met. The business of the meet- 
ing was to be closed at 10 o'clock. After that time song and 
jest and refreshments were the order of the night. Under 
one of the early rules of the Society one-half the monthly 
dues could be spent for refreshments, the other reserved for 
general expenses of the Society. And in the minutes of the 
period we find at the close of every meeting a memorandtun 
made of " the bill of the night," which bill varied from $5 to 
$15. They had their enjoyment, and we cannot feel that 
either time or money was wasted. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ 

We have found no instance where the Society has joined 
in any procession except on the occasion of the laying of the 
corner-stone of the Hibernian Hall. In 1801, however, the 
Society provided for a badge and there was incorporated 
in their constitution this provision : 

" Each member shall be supplied with a green riband, on 
which shall be struck in gold a harp, surrounded with the 
words, * Hibernian Society, Charleston, S. C and this shall 
be the distinguishing badge of the members of this Society, 
and shall be worn on the left breast on St. Patrick's Day." 

In the constitution of 1807 this rule was amended by add- 
ing the words, " and for which badge he shall pay $2.25." In 
1827, however, the last sentence was changed to read : " Each 
member shall receive his badge from the treasurer, for which 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 2^l 

he shall pay such sum as may be ordered by the Society/' 
Many of these badges are still extant. I myself have the one 
that bdonged to my grandfather, James Adger, and I can 
well recollect in my early days the excitement that there was 
on the morning of every St. Patrick's Day when the old gen- 
tleman would go down to his office with a sprig of shamrock 
in his buttonhole, first seeing that I and the other members 
of the house [were similarly supplied]. * * * 

Prominent in the Society was the Rt. Rev. John England, 
D.D., Bishop of Charleston, who became a member on the 
4th of June, 1821. Always active and earnest in everything 
that pertained to the Society, we find him taking a promi- 
nent part in all its deliberations and in all matters pertaining 
to its welfare. When the comer-stone of the hall was laid, 
on the 1 8th day of March, 1839, it was his silvery voice that 
gave utterance to the sentiments of our forefathers and 
urged their descendants to continued efforts in carrying on 
the work beg^un by them. And when, in 1841, the hall was 
finished and turned over to the Society he was called upon 
again to rejoice with them in their completed work and to 
welcome them to their new home; and we have seen how 
active a part he took in 1836 in assisting the Irish Volun- 
teers. 

Upon the conclusion of his address, Mr. Smythe was 
given an ovation. 

Another Celebration in Charleston. 

Another important celebration in Charleston, S. C, March 
18, 1901, was held under the auspices of the Irish Volunteers. 
The Charleston " News and Courier " thus spoke of it : 

The Irish Volunteers celebrated their one hundred and 
third anniversary last night at their armory in Vanderhorst 
street. The occasion was a brilliant one. Never in the his- 
tory of the company have so many representative men and 
veterans assembled to do honor to the glorious record of a 
time-honored band of patriots. It seemed a queer thing that 
the company should be celebrating its one hundred and third 



a 7a IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

anniversary as its centennial anniversary, but such was the 
fact last night. The company is in reality 103 years old, but 
owing to inaccurate documents this fact was not made known 
until several weeks ago. As no centennial celebration had 
been held it was, therefore, decided to hold a celebration 
that would mark the company's advent into its 104th year of 
existence. 

The occasion was a very unusual one and each member 
of the company used every effort to make the affair a suc- 
cess. Preparations were made weeks in advance of the ac- 
tual celebration, with the result that when the doors of the 
armory were thrown open last night the scene was a beautiful 
one. The invited guests for the occasion were: Gen. Ed- 
ward McCrady, the Rev. P. L. Duffy, LL.D., Major Henry 
Schachte, Col. James Armstrong, Lieut. B. A. Hagood, the 
Hon. James Cosgrove, Mr. Frank Q. O'Neill, Col. J. Colton 
L)mes, Lieut.-Col. KoUock, Capt. T. S. Sinkler, Capt. J. E. 
Cogswell, Capt. Henry Schroeder, Capt. DuBos, Lieut. Can- 
tey, Commandant of Cadets of the South Carolina Military 
Academy, Lieut. Dingle and the Hon. J. E. Burke. 

The war veterans present were as follows : McCrady, Arm- 
strong, Colleton, Shelton, F. L. O'Neill, Hartnett, Patrick 
O'Neill, George Dodds. The drill hall of the armory was 
tastefully decorated with potted plants and carnations. At 
the centre table were seated the guests of honor and Capt. 
Kearney, commander of the Irish Volunteers. To the right 
of Capt. Kearney was Gen. Edward McCrady, an ex-com- 
mander of the Irish Volunteers, and to his left was seated 
Col. James Armstrong, also an illustrious leader of the brave 
Irish company. 

It was near the midnight hour before Capt. Kearney arose 
to announce the speaker for the occasion, Gen. McCrady. 
Some of the other Irish societies had announced the be- 
ginning of their banquet shortly after dark, but for good 
reasons the first course to the sumptuous supper of the Irish 
Volunteers was not brought on until after 9 o'clock. This 
necessarily delayed the speakers. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCSLLANY 873 

Capt. Kearaey, in introducing the first speaker, welcomed 
the guests in glowing words, adding that he welcomed them 
in the words of Ireland, " Caed Mile Failte." This refer- 
ence elicited much applause. The address of Gen. McCrady 
was historical and reminiscent. As a historical document it 
will live. In the beginning of his address he dwelt upon the 
work done by the men who first came to South Carolina from 
Ireland. He said that he felt very much like St. Patrick, 
when he said that he heard the voice of Ireland calling him. 
He was present at the anniversary meeting, he said, to re- 
spond to the voice of Ireland, because he heard it calling. 
He said that it had been more than two hundred years since 
the first Irishman had arrived in this state. In referring to 
what the Irish race had accomplished in this country, and in 
particular in this state, he gave illustrations of the valor and 
greatness of certain men. Among the names mentioned 
were those of James Moore, trader and statesman; Jc^m 
Pa3me, an alderman of Dublin; Joseph W. Barnwell, Andrew 
Rutledge, once Speaker of the House of Commons; Moses 
Waddell, John C. Calhoun and John Rutledge. 

In speaking ol these great men he epigrammatically re- 
ferred to them as follows : " If Rutledge was the state, Cal- 
houn was the thought of the state." Tributes were also paid 
to other prominent names. In this connection might be 
named the families of Lynches and McGraws. In speaking 
of Moses Waddell, Gen. McCrady referred to him as the 
teacher of the state. Gen. McCrady said that previous to the 
Revolutionary war there were very few Irishmen in the town 
of Charleston. He gave quotations from the " Gazette " to 
show that the first gathering of Irishmen was held in the 
year 1731. March 17 of that year certain Irish gentlemen 
assembled at Dillon's tavern, at the corner of Broad and 
Church streets, to honor the memory of St. Patrick. Then 
a similar meeting was held, at which Thomas Gordon was 
elected president of the Society. The speaker said that 
Thomas Gordon was evidently the first organizer of an Irish 
society in Charleston. 



274 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Gen. McCrady said that there was no record to show that 
there was any Irish military company in the Revolutionary 
war. If there had been any companies in this struggle, he 
added, they surely would have made their mark. Just after 
the war the first company to regularly organize was the Ger- 
man Fusiliers, and this company, he said, was the oldest in 
the state, if not in the country. This assertion was gp-eeted 
with cheer after cheer. 

This brought the speaker to the period of the war be- 
tween the states. In fact, the greater portion of his address 
was confined to the part taken in this war by the Irish Volun- 
teers. The address of Gen. McCrady contained much valua- 
ble information, and will likely be reproduced by the Irish 
Volunteers. 

Col. James Armstrong, also an ex-commander of the com- 
pany that last night celebrated its one hundredth anniversary, 
responded to the toast, " St. Patrick, Soldier of the Cross. 
Bearing on high with blameless hands the standard of 
Christ, he won a bloodless victory over a noble people and es- 
tablished in their hearts, for all time, a sovereignty upon 
which the sun never sets." 

He was introduced by Lieut. J. P. O'Neill. In the begin- 
ning of his address he complimented the Irish Volunteers 
upon having such an admirable commander, a man, he said, 
who is an honor to his alma mater, the South Carolina Mili- 
tary Academy, his state and his country. His address was 
chaste and beautiful. Frequently he was interrupted by out- 
bursts of applause. He said that he had heard what Gen. 
McCrady had said of the part the Irish Volunteers had taken 
in the war, but he proposed to tell what Gen. McCrady had 
done for the Irish Volunteers. A man, he said, whose words 
" become him as his wounds and smack of honor both." In 
closing his address he quoted the Irish bard, Thomas Moore, 
as follows : 

" Shall I ask the brave soldier, who fights by my side, 
In the cause of mankind, if our creeds agree? 
Shall I give up the friend I've valued and tried, 
If he kneel not before the same altar with me ? 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 27$ 

From the heretic girl of my soul should I fly. 
To seek somewhere else a more orthodox kiss? 

No; perish the laws and the hearts that try 
Truth, valor or love by a standard like this.' 



*f 



Lieut. B. A. Hagood, well known as an after-dinner 
speaker, responded to the toast : 

"The United States — ^Her unprecedented progress and 
unparalleled prosperity are conclusive proofs of the benefi- 
cence of her laws, the blessings of liberty and the happiness 
of her people." 

Lieut. Hagood was introduced by Private Donnelly. 
Lieut Hagood reminded the audience that the sentiment to 
which he was to respond embraced the epitome of the his- 
tory of the country. Therefore, it would be wdl-nigh im- 
possible for him to cover the ground in so short a time. Not- 
withstanding what Lieut. Hagood had to say on the subject 
of the United States was peculiarly fitting and appropriate. 
He was received with much applause.* 

Mr. James Cosgrove was introduced by Mr. Frank Duffy 
and responded to the toast : 

"The State of South Carolina — ^Holding sacred all the 
glory and chivalry of her past, she has grappled with new 
conditions, and even as she led the Southern States in war 
with her Irish Volunteers, she leads them now in the peaceful 
march of industrial development and improvement under 
her Charleston governor." 

The theme of his address was the wonderful achievements 
of South Carolina. First of all he spoke of the career of the 
Irish Volunteers in the State's history and then hastened to 
the commercial side of the State's advancement. He spoke 
of Governor McSweeney as the " Charleston Governor," and 
this reference caused much favorable comment. The speaker 
said that the present Governor of South Carolina was a man 
whom every one respected and admired. 

Mr. F. Q. O'Neill responded to the toast : " The City of 
Charleston. Wrecked by war, marred by fire, shattered 
by cyclone and earthquake, she, too, might exclaim, * All is 



276 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

lost save honor;* that was never tarnished. To-day it is 
being vindicated and rewarded." 

The commercial honor and the commercial advantages 
of the city for which so many of the Irish Volunteers laid 
down their lives are recognized by the country at large, 
which is sending aid and encouragement to her Exposition, 
and by the Government at Washington, which has placed in 
her keeping the naval station. The Irish Volunteers found 
the old city worth dying for; we find it worth living and 
working for. 

He also spoke of the commercial advancement of the city 
and the era of prosperity that is at hand. His review of the 
city's commercial life was interesting and well received. 

The last regular speaker was Major Henry Schachte, who 
responded to the toast : " The Military of Charleston. — The 
years may go quickly; even centuries may be merged in the 
past, but the spirit of patriotism that stirred the men who 
made our earlier history survives in the hearts of those who 
now pursue the work so well begun." He said in part: 

It is a good record; it has no stain upon it ; no blot, no de- 
served reproach, no faltering in the face of danger ; no waver- 
ing when duty's call was heard. These commands now liv- 
ing, and some others whose history was honorable and whose 
memory is honored, have well served their State and this 
community. There are situations worse, may be, than the 
battlefield affords, and since the war between the States these 
have been faced manfully and well. Were I asked why the 
military of Charleston have, through all these years, kept the 
faith and honored themselves and the State, I would say, it 
is because the officers and men who constituted it are mind- 
ful of a glorious pa!st, because they have not turned their 
backs upon the high examples set before them of those who, 
having served their country well, do now rest, leaving the 
precious legacy of duty done and honor preserved. 

What has been said of the military well fits your command. 
Your record shines out in the illuminated escutcheon of the 
military of Charleston. No wavering when duty called, no 



IRISH'AMBRICAN HISTORICAL MISCBLLANY tfj 

Altering in the face of danger, with courage unsurp^msed, 
willing helpers of your State, even into the awful scenes of 
the war. I know that the spirit of patriotism that stirred the 
men who made our and your history will survive in your 
hearts ; you who with us now pursue the work so well bqg[un. 



The " News and Courier" thus speaks of another celebra- 
tion in Charleston, 1901, in honor of St. Patrick: 

With an elegant dinner the St. Patrick's Benevolent Soci- 
ety celebrated its eighty-fourth anniversary last night. The 
good deeds of this Society are known throughout the city, 
and under its efficient management it will continue to prosper 
and spread happiness to its members and friends. President 
D. M. O'DriscoU, with his usual grace and elegance, was the 
master of ceremonies, and he gave the glad hand to his co- 
workers and to his invited guest& The unfortunate feature 
was the unavoidable absence of Dr. P. L. Duffy. Dr. DuflEy 
was present at the opening and he remained to say a few 
words to the Society, but more pressing engagements 
forced him to depart before the festivities had been given a 
good start 

Mr. D. M. O'DriscoU, Jr., had been invited to respond to 
the toast : " The Day We Celebrate," and his address was 
the literary feast of the evening. Mr. O'Driscoll is a fluent 
speaker and his beautiful story of the past deeds of brave 
Irishmen called forth long and vociferous applause. His 
address was a scholarly effort and made a splendid impres- 
sion. 

Alderman J. F. Hanley responded to the toast, " The City 
of Charleston." He had good words of advice and said it was 
better to look to the present and the future rather than to live 
on the past memories of the city. Mr. Lucien Memminger, 
a rising young orator, responded eloquently to the toast, 
** The Press." During the evening brief addresses were 
made by Mr. W. K Milligan, Mr. Thomas Costello and 
others. 

Altogether the dinner was a most delightful affair. 



2j8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

We find the following very interesting report of a 
Charleston, S. C, event, in the New York " Truth Teller," 
April I, 1826: "The anniversary of the tutelar Saint of Ire- 
land was celebrated in the city with imposing and unusual 
ceremonies. It was judiciously selected as an appropriate day 
to consecrate a new and elegant standard prepared for the 
Irish Volunteers, which corps, commanded by Capt. Black, 
together with the French Fusiliers, under Capt. Folin, 
escorted the Hibernian Society to the Roman Catholic 
Cathedral of Saint Finbar, where after the preparatory 
prayer for the American Authorities was read by Bishop 
England, High Mass was celebrated, and the standard was 
consecrated by the Bishop to the service of the United 
States. 

"At the appointed time, the Bishop received the standard 
from Capt. Black, and sprinkled it, after reading the prayer 
of consecration. He returned it to the Captain who received 
it in a very appropriate manner, and made a handsome ad- 
dress to his corps before he consigned it to their hands. It 
was received, as is customary, wtih a martial salute. The 
Rev. Bishop also addressed, in the French language, Capt. 
Folin of the French Fusiliers, whose standard had, on a 
former occasion, been consecrated in like manner. A de- 
scription of the banner is thus given in the Charleston 
papers : 

" Field — Emerald green, bound with gold fringe; on one 
side the Harp of Erin, richly gilt, supported by the arms 
of the State — ^the American Eagle descends, holding a ribbon 
in his beak and talons (uniting the Arms of the State with 
the Harp), on which is inscribed, 'Where Liberty Dwells 
There is One Country.' On the foreground are trophies of 
war, the American and Irish standards entwined; the whole 
surrounded by a brilliant wreath of Shamrock; above the 
Eagle in large characters is written, 'Erin go Bragh.' 

" On the Reverse : the Irish Harp between a figure of 
Hibemia holding the pole and Cup of Liberty; and the 
genius of America, holding the standard of the United States; 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



379 



immediately over the Harp is the Irish Wolf Dog with the 
motto — 'Gentle when soothed, fierce when provoked." The 
foreground and Shamrock the same as the other side; the 
whole crowned with 'Erin go Bragh' in large characters. 

" The ceremonies at the church closed with a chaste and 
impressive address, by Lieut, Payne of the Volunteers, on the 
early virtues and present eminence of the Irish character, 
which was modestly spoken and heard with pleasure." 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

A St Patrick's Day Banquet on the Pacific Coast — A Number of New 
York Men Participate in the Festivities of the Occasion — Many Novel Fea- 
tures Interestingly Described — Some St Louis (Mo.) Recollections. 

An interesting article appeared in the New York " Gael/* 
some time ago, from the pen of Geraldine M. Haverty, de- 
scriptive of what is believed to have been the first St. Pat- 
rick's Day banquet on the Pacific Coast The article was 
so well written and set forth so many facts of real interest 
that we present it here : 

It was in the early days of San Francisco, on a bright 
spring Sunday, that four Irish residents of the straggling, 
bare, strange little city of the sand hills, were strolling home 
from Mass in the little wooden church on Vallejo St. Bare, 
little, barn-like edifice though it was, it was presided over 
by Bishop Alemany himself, lately translated there from the 
diocese of Monterey, and one may remark, en passant, that 
though most things suffer by translation, a bishop is an ex- 
ception; the occupant of the tiny church of the sand hills 
rose to be the great archbishop of the Pacific Coast. 

These four Irishmen fell to talking of the coming feast of 
St. Patrick, and how they used to celebrate it in different 
times and places, and what a pity it was that here, in the 
midst of so large an Irish population, it should pass un- 
noticed. Why couldn't they have a St. Patrick's Day din- 
ner at least ? 

" Let's go over to my store," said Doctor O'Brien, " and 
we'll talk it over," and the four, M. Cody, Florence Mc- 
Carthy Delaney, Dr. O'Brien and P. M. Haverty, repaired 
to the doctor's drug store to make up their plans. 

The result of their sudden inspiration was received with 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 98z 

unanimous delight by all to whom they extended an invita- 
tion to partake in the festivities, and a conunittee was or- 
ganized to find a fitting place for the occasion. 

There were in San Francisco, at this time, four leading 
hotels, the Rassette House, kept by a French Canadian; the 
City Hotel, the Oriental Hotel and Middletdn's Hotel; but 
to the surprise of the committee (whose list of would-be 
diners had now grown to over a hundred) the proprietors of 
these hostelries haughtily refused to trouble themselves 
about their dinner. 

It was an era of gambling in the restless little tO¥m, so 
full of suddenly-acquired wealth, and so poor in opportunities 
for amusement, and the hotels and taverns were accustomed 
to give over their rooms nightly to the crowds of roughly- 
attired men, who staked the results of da]rs' or weeks' hard 
toil on the turn of a card, or the rolling of a balL 

So, after much searching, these ardent spirits found, out 
on the road to the Presidio, a little wayside inn, kept by a 
Frenchman, and it was here, in a wilderness of chapparal, 
that was held the first St Patrick's Day dinner ever given on 
the Pacific Coast. 

The dinner was of the plainest description, accompanied 
only by the vin ordinaire of the cheap French table, but they 
paid for it, each, one ounce of gold, which was reckoned as 
worth sixteen dollars. This was not, however, an exorbitant 
price in those days in California. One party of miners work- 
ing in northern mines, shortly after, paid to their Chinese 
cook $ioo a month, for which sum he engaged to keep them 
well fed, on condition that they made it a point of honor 
never to ask a question, nor even to come near the kitchen. 
This was agreed to, and they declared that the fare was 
very good. 

Certain it was that the rats were plentiful at this time, 
in San Francisco, coming in droves from every ship that 
touched there, so that the boys from the printing offices at 
night, waiting for the paper to go to press, would seat them- 
selves on the edge of the street armed with long sticks and 



a82 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

bring down fifty of the scurrying little animals at a single 
sweep. As, however, the miners strictly observed their hon- 
orable agreement with the almond-eyed Celestial who 
served them, they have, to this day, no official knowledge 
that they ever ate and relished rat soup. 

So that the little French dinner in the chapparal was ap- 
preciated by the patriotic Irishmen, who would have dined 
on hardscrabble with great glee, provided it were in honor 
of St. Patrick. 

They were an unconventional-looking set of diners. Not a 
" boiled shirt " was visible around the board. Rough woollen 
shirts, sombreros, jean trousers pushed into the tops of their 
long boots, were the order of the day. But the assemblage 
numbered many men of note in the community. 

The chairman was John McGlynn, a brother of the late 
revered Dr. McGlynn. Near him sat John Sullivan, of San 
Francisco, who had made a lucky venture by bringing 
twenty mule loads of bacon and flour to the workers in the 
northern mines, for which he received fabulous prices, which 
enabled him to invest largely in real estate. 

Jasper OTarrell, of Bodega, who sat near by, had also 
made money in real estate. His name still lives in the title 
of one of San Francisco's streets. Opposite was Colonel 
White, of San Jose. During his second year in California, 
he, finding potatoes were at a premium, had imported a 
cargo of tiny Sandwich Island potatoes. These he planted 
on his estate in San Jose and the magnificent California cli- 
mate produced a fine large variety of potatoes which he was 
able to sell at thirty cents a pound. The profits from this 
venture may be imagined when it is said that the commission 
of the San Francisco agent alone amounted to $30,000. In 
the following year the lucrative position of agent was taken 
by Terence Bellew McManus, the noted " 48 " man. 

Florence McCarthy Delaney, one of the organizers of the 
feast, was the brother of the then bishop of Cork; he was 
assistant district attorney of San Francisco. Hard by was 
Henry V. Twomey, at that time engaged on Eugene Casserly's 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 285 

paper, " The Standard/' He was in after years the United 
States Consul to Munich. 

Eugene Casserly himself, having just been made public 
printer by the state legislature, was unable to be present 
through press of business, but his brother, George Casserly^ 
a captain of police, was there. 

P. M. Haverty, another of the getters-up of the occasion, 
was also engaged on the ** Standard.'' M. Cody, the third 
of the originators of the feast, was manager of Phelan's rec- 
tifying distillery and succeeded to the business when Phelan 
became a millionaire and retired. Dr. Joseph O'Brien, the 
fourth of the quartette, was the leading doctor and dispenser 
of drugs in San Francisco at the time, and, having the doctor 
and the druggist, the coroner was not wanting, being present 
in the person of Charles Gallagher. 

Dennis and Dave McCarthy, one of whom was subse- 
quently street commissioner and the other street contractor 
of the town, were uncles of Commissioner Sheehy of the 
Department of Taxes and Assessments in New York. 
Next came George Dougherty, who had succeeded Charles 
Gavan Duffy as editor of the Belfast ''Vindicator" when 
Duffy took his way to Dublin to help start the famous " Na- 
tion." 

Of others at the feast : 

John Dempsey, a boss cartman, had a mournful fate in 
later years. He died insane on account of a hopeless love for 
Catherine Hayes, the famous Irish singer. 

Sam Brennan had just come to San Francisco under 
rather exciting circumstances. He had left his home in Illi- 
nois to go to Utah, attracted by the prospects of land and 
money, but not finding life among the Mormons to his taste, 
he had escaped and had been pursued almost to the Golden 
Gate by the dreaded " Danites." 

Messrs. Barrett and Sherwood were the leading jewelers 
and general timekeepers of San Francisco. Every ship com- 
ing to the harbor sent its chronometer to Barrett & Sher- 
wood to be regulated. At times they held every cbrono- 



384 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

meter in the bay in their possession, and no ship could leave 
until they were returned, warranted correct. Many a night, 
friends, of whom the giver of the present reminiscences was 
one, trudged up Telegraph Hill with these precious articles 
to deposit them in safety until the morrow. 

Then there was Robert Emmet Doyle, son of the famous 
old book-seller of New York, who called his title stCM^ 
" The moral centre of the intellectual world." It is inter- 
esting to note that that important store was situated at 
148 Nassau Street, on the same historic ground where 
'* The Gael " is now issued.* 

Another quartette, the four members of the firm of Taafe, 
Cahill & Co., dry goods merchants, who were among the 
merry spirits at this feast, met a most sudden and terrible 
fate a few months later. They took the business from Eu- 
gene Kelly when he turned to exporting gold dust. Their 
store, which was built of corrugated iron, was a supposedly 
fireproof building, the only one of the kind in town. During 
the great fire which broke out in the following May, these 
four refused to leave their building, and stayed, fighting the 
flames with buckets of water until they were cut off from es- 
cape and all perished, theirs being the only lives which were 
lost in the city. 

And so the list would run on almost indefinitely. There 
were Joseph Carrigan, son of Andrew Carrigan, who suc- 
ceeded Gregory Dillon as president of the Irish Emigrant 
Bank in New York ; Malachi Fallon, Chief of Police of San 
Francisco; Andrew Fallon, a lawyer at present residing at 
Piermont on the Hudson; Nugent, the editor of the San 
Francisco " Herald," a great filibustero ; Captain Tobin, 
keeper of the telegraph station on Telegraph Hill; Felix 
MacDonough, manager of the Rassette House, a Galway 
man ; Murphy, of Los Angeles, who had made a fortune in 
Teal estate in that region; Oliver, a brother-in-law of Mc- 
Glynn, who later sent to the Pope a silver fish filled with 

* Ceased in 1904. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 98$ 

gold and was made a Chevalier by his Holiness; William 
White, a nephew of Gerald Griffin, the great Irish novelist; 
Charles Del Vecchie, secretary of the Vigilance Committee — 
those ''black-coated, serious-minded business men/' who, 
Bret Harte says, struck such terror to the hearts of evildoers, 
appalling them much more by their grave moral influence 
than could have been done by mere force of anns. 

These and others to the number of over one hundred 
gathered around the table in the quiet little inn on the 
Presidio road and made the long night n)erry. 

After the dinner had gone its way, Cody produced five gal- 
lons of Irish whiskey and a huge bowl of punch was brewed; 
chairs were drawn closer and the merriment became more 
uproarious. Every one was required to do a " stunt ** — to 
sing a song, tell a story or otherwise contribute to the 
gayety of the occasion. 

One of the younger members of the psuty, who had been 
longing for an opportunity to enchant the gathering by his 
vocal powers, raised his voice in Lover's sentimental ballad, 
" O, CcMne to the West." Suddenly, Delaney sprang to his 
feet and addressed the chair : 

Mr. Chairman, I rise to a point of order," he cried. 
What is your point of order?" courteously asked the 
chairman, while the song was suspended and the crowd lis- 
tened attentively. 

" My point of order," explained Delaney, " is two-fold. 
The gentleman on my right is entreating us in mellifluous 
tones to 'Come to the West.' My first objection is that if we 
go any further west we go east; my second is that if we go 
any further west we go into the Pacific Ocean, which I am 
sure, none of us wish to do." 

" Your point is well taken," said the chairman, " and 
the gentleman is therefore directed to ' Change his Chune.* " 
A burst of laughter followed and the advice was obeyed. 

The revellers had brought with them their own musicians 
— a couple of " greasers " as they were called, who produced 
an asthmatic flute and a Spanish guitar and started to enliven 






2S6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

the proceedings by playing a melancholy little Spanish waltz 
between the toasts. 

The dolefulness of this melodious entertainment only 
served to heighten the merriment of the gathering. And so 
the fun grew fast and furious and dawn was faintly outlining 
the eastern hills before the merry party broke up. 

They are scattered now far and wide and some " gone 
home," but those who are still here surely sometimes remem- 
ber, with a laugh and a sigh, the jolly dinner in the California 
chapparal on St. Patrick's Day in 1850. 



Since the foregoing celebration so pleasingly described by 
Miss Haverty, San Francisco and the Pacific coast have had 
hundreds of celebrations of the great Irish National anni- 
versary. Many organizations in that part of the country an- 
nually observe the day with hospitality and eclat. One of 
the leading Irish organizations of San Francisco is that 
known as the Knights of St. Patrick. 

Its first meeting for organization was held Jan. 10, 1875, 
at Irish Confederation hall, Market St., San Francisco. 
Judge M. Cooney was Chairman, and Jere. M. Dwyer, Secre- 
tary. At their next meeting, Jan. 17, Judge Cooney was 
elected President, Jeremiah M. Dwyer, Recording Secretary; 
Martin Kelly, Financial Secretary; Hubard Ward, Treas- 
urer ; and Peter Quinn, Sergeant-at-Arms. The election of 
two Vice-Presidents was postponed until a future meeting. 
On Feb. 23, P. W. Black and J. Fitzgerald were elected ist 
and 2d Vice-Presidents, respectively. Preparations were 
made for a banquet, to be held on the following St. Patrick's 
Day at the European Hotel, corner of Washington street 
and Montgomery avenue, which was a gfreat success, covers 
being laid for 104 persons. 

The expectations and hopes of the founders of the Knights 
of St. Patrick have not been disappointed. The public 
literary and musical entertainments given by them from time 
to time have been of a high order, and through them the gen- 
eral public has to some extent become familiar with the best 



IRISH-AMBRICAH HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 987 

'Efforts in song and story of Ireland's gifted sons. It is not, 
strictly speaking, a beneficial order, but it has never foiled 
when occasion required to render material aid to a suffering 
•bjother. 

When the cry of distress was raised in Ireland in the win- 
ter of 1879-80, and the wires brought the news that the 
Irish people were again face to faice with starvation, the 
Knights of St. Patrick was among the first, if not the very 
first, society on the coast to open its treasury, and, on Janu- 
ary 7th, 1880, by a unanimous vote, donated five hundred 
•dollars for the relief of the suffering people. 

During the struggle for Home Rule, led by Pamell, the 
Knights contributed from the treasury about three thousand 
five hundred dollars, while the good influence exerted by its 
members in organizing branches of the League, and the 
money subscribed and collected by them, individually, is al- 
most impossible to estimate. The foregoing facts concern- 
ing the organization have been obtained from Mr. John Mul- 
hem, of the Knights. 



The Day in St. Louis, Mo. 

We are indebted to Judge Thomas Morris, of St. Louis, 
Mo., for the following sketch relating to the latter city : 

" For many years prior to and after the famine in Ireland, 
from 1845 ^o 1861, there was a very large emigration of our 
people to St. Louis, via New Orleans. Prior to that time, 
the Irish population was already both numerous and respect- 
able. As far back as 181 o, St. Patrick's day was celebrated in 
St. Louis by a number of Irish gentlemen, with a banquet 
at the Virginia Hotel, comer of Main and Morgan streets, 
the then principal hotel in the city. At different times, later, 
the day was commemorated at various times by a banquet 
at the Planters House, comer of Fourth and Chestnut 
streets. This hotel, for many years, was the prominent 
house and place of rendezvous for all strangers and nota- 
bilities coming to St. Louis, and where our own 400 met. 



388 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

" About 1843, ^he Irish of the city organized the Hibernian 
Benevolent Society and it was incorporated in that year. 
The members of this society exercised a vast influence in the 
social, political and commercial world of the day and con* 
tinned to exist and hold regtilar meetings until about 1865. 
The society, during those years, with sister societies, cele- 
brated St. Patrick's day with a parade and wore a very hand- 
some regalia and owned much valuable personal property, 
consisting of flags, portraits of Irish celebrities, etc., but at 
present there is no knowledge among our generation as to 
what became of the property or where it is. After the Hiber- 
nians came the United Sons of Erin, in 1845, ^^^ ^^ ^hat 
year the Roman Catholic Total Abstinence Society was or- 
ganized, which numbered on its roll about 2,000 members; 
out of it grew the Young Men's Temperance Society, which 
numbered almost as many members as the parent organiza- 
tion. 

" Both these organizations merged in the Knights of Father 
Mathew in 1878, which to-day numbers 15,000 members in 
St. Louis and elsewhere. It is a national organization, with 
an insurance feature, and is doing a world of good among our 
people morally, socially and financially, but it is not Irish now, 
though the backbone of it is. 

" In 1846 there was an Irish military company organized 
in St. Louis of 100 men, excluding the line officers. They 
were assigned to Col. Donaphan's Missouri Regiment and 
participated in most of the battles in Mexico. During and 
after the Mexican war a number of other companies were or- 
ganized with a view of participating in the war or for prac- 
tical training in hopes of a war with England. These com- 
panies included the Emmet Guards, Capt. Phil Coyne, and the 
Washington Guards, Capt. D. M. Frost. The latter was af- 
terwards Gen. D. M. Frost of the Confederate army. Capt. 
Frost was a West Pointer and married a Miss Graham, a 
granddaughter of John Mullunphy, so that if he was not 
Irish he had Irish affiliations. 

" The Washington Blues was another company, and was 



IRISH'AMiBRiCAN BISTOmCAL MiSCSLLANY 269 

commanded by Capt John Kelly, who afterwards became 
Gen. John Kelly of the Confederate Army. Tliis company 
consisted of about 150 men and among the members many 
became noted as generals and colonels during the Civil War 
on both sides of the question; notably Capt Patrick Burke, 
who became a general of artillery in the Confederate Anoy* 
and Thomas Curley, who became a general of volunteers in 
the Federal Army. Another Patrick Burke of this onnpany, a 
lawyer, became a brigadier-general of Volunteers and Colonel 
in the regular Federal army. He was killed, and the sobriquet 
the *^ bravest of the brave " could as properly apply to him as 
to Marshal Ney. 

" Then, we had the Sarsfidd Guards, Capt Patrick Naugh- 
ton, who became a Captain in the Federal Army, and com- 
manded the nucleus of what was to be the * Irish Brigade * 
under Col. James Mulligan, of Chicago, who gained im- 
perishable fame as a soldier and tactician at Lexington, Ma 
I cannot pass Mulligan by without giving an instance of the 
heroism of our race. CoL Mulligan was sent with his regi- 
ment (Irish) consisting of 800 men from Illinois, to occupy 
Lexington and hold it against the Confederates until rein- 
forced if necessary. He found when he entered the town a 
regiment of Home Guards (Federal) and an Illinois regi- 
ment. The aggregate of his command was 2,900 men, inclu- 
ding about 600 cavalry. The Confederates, under Gen. Sterl- 
ing Price, attacked the town with a force estimated at 30,000 
men. McBride's division of the Confederates consisted of 
10,000 men. The Federals occupied a school house as a hos- 
pital where their sick and wounded were being cared for. 
McBride's division captured the hospital and used it as a fort 
for their sharpshooters to pick off the Federal soldiers. 

" Col. Mulligan ordered the Home Guard Regiment and 
the Illinois regiment to dislodge the Confederates. They 
attacked, were repulsed, and retreated. Mulligan determined 
to recapture the hospital, and ordered up big Capt. John 
Gleason with his Company H of Mulligan's rc^ment. Capt. 
Gleason's company consisted of 80 men and, marvellous to 



290 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

say, he charged the hospital and drove out of the building 
McBride's force. Mulligan died down in Virginia. The 
week after his death, his widow, who was residing in Chicago, 
received a commission from the government promoting Col. 
Mulligan to a brigadier generalship. But the promotion 
came too late. 

"To return to Pat Naughton; he was assigned to Fre- 
mont's Body Guard and afterwards served in the Tenth 
Missouri Cavalry, under the command of Col. Florence M. 
Comyn, who was known in the Army of the West as the 
* Fighting Doctor.* He acquired the title in this way : He 
was surgeon of the First Missouri artillery and at the battle 
of Corinth, in Mississippi, in 1862, the Federal troops were 
commanded by Gen. Grant and the Confederates by Gen. 
Albert Sydney Johnston. Johnston surprised Grant and the 
Federals were retreating. One of the batteries of the First 
Missouri had most of its men, and all its horses, killed. The 
Doctor came on the scene. The battery was silent because of 
lack of men to handle it. He pressed into the service the 
chaplain and they both, with the assistance of some of their 
wounded comrades, manned the battery, saved the guns and 
repulsed the advancing Confederates. Afterwards Dr. Cornyn 
was authorized to raise a regiment. He organized the Tenth 
Cavalry by consolidating other detachments. Jealousies grew 
up in the regiment and he was assassinated in Tennessee by 
an officer of his regiment. Dr. Cornyn was Irish, red-headed, 
and brave as a lion. 

" Prior to and after the war, and up to 1875, we had a 
large number of Irish societies and Irish military organiza- 
tions in St. Louis, but they gradually died out — ^that is, the 
members did, and the young men did not take their places 
in the ranks vacated by their fathers. The reason probably 
is that about that time fraternal insurance societies developed 
and membership in them from a commercial and financial 
standpoint was of more value to them than the mere senti- 
ment attaching to Irish societies, without the insurance 
feature. 



IRISH'AMBRICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 2^1 

" However, in St. Louis, we have a very proud record. 
The most influential men in our city in the early days, out- 
side of the French, were Irish. In 1808, Robert Charles, a 
'98 man, founded the * Missouri Gazette,' now the * St. Louis 
Republic,' the most influential newspaper in the Mississippi 
Valley, and from that day to this managed by Irishmen and 
their sons. John and George Knapp, who for many years 
were its publishers, were the sons of an Irish father and 
mother, and to-day the son of John Knapp is the editor of the 
paper. Another Irishman, John Mullanphy, was the richest 
man in St. Louis next to John B. C. Lucas. An Irishman's 
son. Major John O* Fallon, bom in Kentucky, was a surgeon 
in the United States Army during the war of the Cdonies with 
Great Britain and after the war settled in St. Louis. He was 
also very rich. John Mullanphy and Dr. O'Fallon were the 
most prominent, philanthropic and public-spirited citizens we 
have had in St. Louis from its foundation to the present day. 

" We have also had the Walshes — ^John, Edward and Nicho- 
las — three brothers from Tipperary, who, in the early days 
were millers, merchants and steamboat owners. The names of 
John and Edward Walsh attached to a note would be readily 
discounted for a million dollars in any bank in St. Louis with 
sufficient capital. Julius S. Walsh, of this city, is a son of Ed- 
ward Walsh. He became president of the Terminal Railway 
Co. The Terminal Railway owns the Union station, the 
Eads bridge, the Merchants' bridge across the Mississippi 
river, and almost all the terminal railroad facilities. Mr. 
Walsh is also president of the Mississippi Valley Trust Com- 
pany, capitalized at $8,000,000. George J. Tansey, son of an 
Irishman, became head of the St. Louis Transfer Co., a 
vast transportation concern, carrying merchandise, pas- 
sengers and baggage to and from railroads and steamboats. 
I could enumerate many other men of Irish birth or lineage, 
in this city, who have carved their way to fame and fortune.'' 



The Knights of St. Patrick, of St. Louis, Mo., were organ- 
ized some forty years ago, and are representative of the best 



99^ IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Irish spirit of that city. The Knights held their thirty-sev- 
enth annual banquet, March 17, 1902, the occasion being 
one of great interest. The preamble to the constitution of 
the organization reads as follows: 

" Whereas, the Irish residents of St. Louis and their de- 
scendants now represent a large portion of the intelligence, 
business capacity and wealth of this, the leading city of the 
southwest, it has become desirable that the representative 
elements of that race unite in an organization, to be desig- 
nated * The Knights of St. Patrick,' having for its objects 
the perpetuation of Irish nationality through social and in- 
tellectual communion; and within the bonds of their just al- 
legiance to the country of their adoption, to foster the old 
time memories and traditions of their native land, the vindi- 
cation of the race in all local and national undertakings; and, 
finally, to elevate the status and advance the interests of Irish- 
men by the individual and combined example and influence of 
its members." 

In his address at the annual gathering in 1902, the Presi- 
dent, Hon. George J. Tansey, said, " Respectability, intelli- 
gence and morality are the required characteristics for mem- 
bership. How well the society has lived up to its ideals 
we may all judge with gratification when we scan the long 
list of Irish Americans who have been members of this body, 
and when we review their work and their services to their 
city, their state, and their country. 

" In every movement since its inception which made for 
the good, the prosperity, the upbuilding— either commer- 
cially, educationally, or morally — of the city of St. Louis, are 
found the names of Knights of St. Patrick, and they were, 
in most cases, the leaders. The names of distinguished citi- 
zens who were members of this order, will flash through the 
minds of every one present as he looks back over the history 
of this city for the past thirty-six years. 

" Not content with being of service to their fellow citizens, 
the Knights of St. Patrick, through their benefactions, both 
to the members of their own race and to other nationalities. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY tq% 

have shown a widely catholic spirit in aidiing the suffering, 
at home and abroad; whenever the liberty-loving peoples 6f 
any land have endeavored to establish a government of their 
own, or rear the banner of freedom, they have met encout^- 
agement from this order, both by words and by deeds, no 
matter what the odds might be against which they were con- 
tending, or how distant success might appear." 

The officers of the St Louis Knights of St Patrick, ig/oA^ 
were George J. Tansey, President; John P. Leahy, ist Vice* 
President; P. R. Fitz Gibbon, 2d Vice-President; Thomas A, 
Rice, 3d Vice-President ; John J. CyConnor, Recording Secre- 
tary; Judge Thomas Morris, Corresponding Secretary; Judge 
Wm. J. Hanley, Treasurer and Col. Mathew Kidy, Grand 
Marshal. The executive committee were: John S. Leahy, 
Chairman; Wm. M. Reedy, Patridk Short, Martin Shaugh- 
nessy, J. P. Maginn, Judge Daniel Dillon, Frank K. Rjran, 
Thomas E. Mulvihill, and Capt P. J. Carmody« 

In St. Louis, in 1902, the St. Patrick's day parade, it was 
estimated, numbered 40,000 men. The affair was thus de- 
scribed : '' The great public demonstration of the faith and 
nationality of the American Celt and his love for the tradi- 
tions of the Emerald Isle was shown in a most creditable 
manner by the magnificent procession of forty thousand men 
marching on Sunday the i6th inst., under the grand marshal- 
ship of Rev. J. A. Tracy. A finer body of men could not be 
brought together for any other purpose except it was march- 
ing against the ancient enemy of their forefathers to strike 
a final and successful blow for the liberty and independence 
of that long suffering land, the Niobe of nations. 

" The Irish Catholic Parade Union, the governing body, 
of the organization that makes such a magnificent demonstra- 
tion possible," is composed of delegates from the various par- 
ishes and societies in St. Louis. Its president, Mr. Joseph 
P. Hartnett, is a native of Limerick, Ireland, and a prominent 
business man of our city. The other officers are young men 
of sterling integrity and prominence in St. Louis. 

" The Grand Marshal, Father Tracy, is a native of West 



294 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Virginia, the devoted son of Irish exiles, a splendid specimen 
of the transplanted ' Soggarth Aroon ' a fine organizer and 
one of our best local orators. He is a zealous priest, and has 
spent twenty-five years of his vigorous young manhood on 
the mission in the mountainous country of his native state. 
" In accordance with the usual custom of the Knights of 
St. Patrick, Father Tracy was decorated with the beautiful 
cross of our society at our headquarters, Lindell Hotels 
where the procession was reviewed by the society." 



CHAPTER XXIV. 

The New Yoiic " Herald " Compliiiieiits the Irish for Their Devotion 
to the Unioi^— Observance of the Centennial Anniversary of the New 
York Friendly Sons of St Patrick-— Addresses Delivered by Men of 
Prominence. 

As might be expected, the echoes of the Civil War were 
eagerly awaited in Ireland, and curious testimony to the 
extent of the interest of the Irish in the war is to be fotmd 
in the often reprinted street ballads, describing the chief 
battles. In a very extensive ccdlection in the possession of 
the writer several such are to be found. 

Returning to St. Patrick's day celebrations in New York 
city, we find the following editorial in the New York "Her- 
ald," of March 1 8, 1863: 

''We hear of this and that Irish regiment and brigade at 
the war; but were it not for the glowing accounts of Irish 
bravery, which continually reach us we could hardly believe 
that a single Irishman had left the city. Certainly none of 
them were missed yesterday. Crowds upon crowds, thou- 
sands upon thousands ! There were Irishmen enough in our 
streets to make up half a dozen tolerably large armies; and 
we shall find them all in the field when the country needs 
them. Meagher and Corcoran were not here, but their hearts 
were; and at the same time that the Irishmen of New York 
marched in honor of St. Patrick, the Irishmen of the Union 
army of Virginia were engaged in paying the same homage 
to that patron saint who drove all the snakes and toads from 
Ireland, as our gallant soldiers will soon drive the monster 
rebellion and its abominable brood from this country — the 
land of the free and the home of the oppressed. 

" The celebration yesterday was, in every point of view, 



296 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

a Union demonstration. The great lesson of the day to 
every Irishman was: Stand by the country which gives you 
life, liberty and the right to be happy in your own way. We 
do not doubt that this lesson was learned, and will be remem- 
bered by many a patriotic Celt/ The influence of St. Patrick's 
day, and especially of St. Patrick's night, will last, not only 
for to-day, but, we hope, for many days to come. We con- 
gratulate our Irish fellow citizens upon the fine weather, 
the large turnout and the splendid procession, and particu- 
larly upon the good order and decorum which marked all the 
proceedings. May we all live to see many more St. Patrick's 
days, and may they all be still more happy than the one we 
celebrated yesterday." 

On March 18, 1863, the New York " Tribune " published 
the following dispatch : 



Washington, Tuesday, March 17, 1863. — ^The following 
telegram from your special correspondent with the Army of 
the Potomac was received to-night. 

Headquarters, Second Army Corps. 

Tuesday, March 17, 1863. 

St. Patrick's Day was celebrated at Gen. Meagher's Head- 
quarters in a spirit worthy of the patron saint of Ireland. 
The ceremonies commenced with religious services at the 
brigade chapel. The grand mass was celebrated with martial 
music 

The sermon of the day was preached by Father O'Hogan. 
The races commenced at 11 o'clock. The course was pre- 
pared with four hurdles and four ditches, and was a mile 
long. The first race was won by Capt. Crassen, riding Gen. 
Meagher's gray horse; purse $100. 

The second race was won by Lieut. Count Von Blucker, 
riding Col. Von Schack's sorrel horse. First prize, $90. The 
second, $45, was won by Lieut. Wade, riding Col. Kdl/s 
horse. The best time of Col. Von Schack's horse was 2 :5a 

When Gen. Hooker appeared on the platform he was 
greeted by twice three cheers, given with the force and spirit 
peculiar to the Irish brigade. 

The purses for the second race were made up by contribu- 



IRISH^AMBRICAN HISTORICAL MISCBILANY 9(7 

tions. At Gen. Meagher's headquarters a bountiful collation 
-was spread. 

A number of ladies were present 

The afternoon exercises were to consist of a foot race, a 
sack race, a wheelbarrow match and a pig chase, at five 
o'cloclc, but at four o'doclc the festivities were brought to a 
•close. 

A dispatch to the New Yoric " Tribune " dated Washington, 
March i8, [1863], states that ''At the steeplechase of the 
Irish Brigade oi Gen Hookerfs Army, yesterday, a serious 
accident occurred. Dr. Paxon, Surgeon of the 9th Massa- 
chusetts [Irish], and the Quartermaster of the same regi*^ 
ment, while riding at the top of their speed toward each 
other, in attempting to pass, turned in the same direction, and 
a collision ensued, by which both horses were instantly killed, 
and both the officers were thrown thirty feet in the air, and 
seriously and probably fatally injured/' 



In 1865, the annual banquet of the New York Friendly 
'Sons of St. Patrick was hdd at Ddmonico's, comer of Fifth 
avenue and Fourteenth street. ** The attendance was not as 
large as in former years; but, though small in point of num- 
l)ers, in enthusiasm, good fellowship and true hospitality, the 
good name and fame of the society were well and faithfully 
•sustained." Among those present were Hon. Richard Bell, 
President; Brig.-Gen. Van Vliet, U. S. A.; Judges Daly, 
Hearne and McCunn; Joseph Stuart, William Watson, Wil- 
liam Whiteside, R. H. Lowry, Mr. Hoguet, Peter Rice and 
Luther B. Weyman. 



The military division of the St. Patrick's Day parade in 
New York city, 1866, was commanded by Brig.-Gen. Mc- 
Mahon and included the following organizations : 

Brigade Lancers (Sixty-ninth troop), Capt. Hare. 

Sixty^ninth Regiment, National Guard, in column by com- 
pany. Major Thomas Clark commanding. 



398 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Seventy-seventh Regiment, National Guard, in column by 
company, Col. Thomas Lynch commanding. 

Ninety-fifth Regiment, National Guard, in column by com- 
pany, Col. Frank McElroy commanding. 

Ninety-ninth Regiment, National Guard, in column by 
company, Lieut.-Col. Downing commanding. 

Battery F., First Artillery, National Guard, two sections, 
Capt. Carter commanding. 

Seventieth Cavalry, National Guard, Troop C, Capt. Mc- 
Carthy commanding. 

First Cavalry, National Guard, consisting of Companies 
H and D, Col. D. C. Mintum and staff. 

Dungannon Volunteers of '82. 



On the anniversary in 1867, the New York Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick again dined at Delmonico's. There was an 
attendance of about 50. President Henry L. Hoguet an- 
nounced the toasts at the postprandial exercises, responses 
being made by Judge Brady, Judge Daly and a number of 
other gentlemen. 

The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New York, observed St. 
Patrick's Day, 1868, by a dinner at Delmonico's. Judge 
Brady presided, and there was an attendance of about 80. 
The presiding officer upon the conclusion of the dinner 
opened the exercises with an appropriate speech, concluding 
by offering a toast to " St. Patrick's Day." Judge Daly re- 
sponded in a humorous speech interspersed with entertaining 
anecdotes of old Irish times and concluded by reading a 
poem on " The Shamrock," written especially for this oc- 
casion by Miles O'Reilly. Mr. Simpson, a well-known tenor,, 
then pleasingly rendered " The Minstrel Boy." The next 
toast was " The United States," which was responded to by 
John Fowler, Jr. ; J. R. Thomas, baritone, then sang " Old 
Simon, the Cellarer." The third toast was " Ireland — the 
genius of her sons is radiant in every clime, and she binds, 
them to her with a love which no prosperity can conquer,, 
no adversity change." This toast was responded to by Daniel 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 399 

Dougherty, of Philaddphia, in an eloquent address. The 
toast to " The Army and Navy " was responded to by Gen. 
Butterfidd, who concluded by proposing the health of ** The 
Private Solider/' and asking a response from Gen. Halpine, 
who feelingly replied. Oakey Hall responded to " The City 
of New York." Tel^;rams were read from Daniel Drew and 
other gentlemen. Judge Barrett responded to the toast of 
" Woman," and other responses to toasts by Mr. Walker, of 
the St. George's Society; Mr. Beakman, of the St. Nicholas; 
Mr. Choate, of the New England Society and one or two 
others were made. 

In 1870, the Friendly Sons dined at the St. James Hotel, 
New York. American and Irish flags were draped over the 
main table at which sat Judge Charles P. Daly, president of 
the Friendly Sons ; John G. Dale, of the St. George's Society ; 
Elliott C. Cowdin, of the New England Society; Mr. Gordon, 
of the St. Andrew's Society ; Mr. McDonald, of the St. Nicho- 
las Society; Major-Gen. Irwin McDowell, Hon. John Mc- 
Keon and Samuel Sloan, Esq. A select orchestra was in at- 
tendance. Letters of r^^et were received from Mayor Hall, 
cx-Attomey-General Evarts, United States District-Attorney 
Pierrepont, and the President of the St. David Society. 

The eighty-eighth anniversary dinner of the Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick, New York, was given at the Hotel Brunswick, 
in 1872, about 200 members being present. Judge Brady, 
the president, being absent on account of the death of his 
father, Joseph Stuart occupied the chair. A letter was read 
from Gen. George B. McClellan, regretting his inability to 
be present and expressing cordial wishes for the success of 
the Society. Responses to toasts were made by W. Stuart, 
Mr. Clarke, D. McMahon and other gentlemen. 

In 1873, the New York Friendly Sons celebrated their 
eighty-ninth anniversary by a dinner at Delmonico's. Nearly 
150 gentlemen were present. Judge J. R. Brady occupied 
the chair. Among the guests were Dr. A. B. Crosby, Gen. 
Hancock, C. M. Depew, Gen. W. T. Sherman, Mayor Have- 
meyer, and J. H. Choate. There were also present J. M. 



300 IRISH-AMERICAS HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Bellew, C H. Arthur, Richard Schell, Judge Van Brunt, 
John Savage, H. G. Stebbins, Wm. A. Seaver, Judge C. P. 
Daly, Wm. C Barrett, Gen. M. T. McMahon, and many other 
prominent gentlemen. 

The St Patrick's Day parade in New York, in 1874, is 
estimated to have comprised over 30,000 men. The New 
York Friendly Sons dined in that year at Delmonico's, about 
250 being present. Judge Barnard presided. Among the 
after-dinner speakers were Mayor Havemeyer, Robert 
Sewell, Samuel Sloane, Benjamin K. Phelps, Charles W- 
Brooke, Joseph H. Choate and Hugh Hastings. 

In 1878, the New York Friendly Sons dined at the Metro- 
X>oIitan Hotel. Chief Justice Daly, president of the Society, 
occupied the chair. Many prominent gentlemen were 
present. Judge Daly described the manner in which the day 
was celebrated during the revolutionary period and pro* 
ceeded: — " After the revolution, however, in 1784, the lead- 
ing Irishmen of the city, conspicuous among whom was Wil- 
liam Constable, the aid-de-camp of Lafayette, revived the 
society, and as the former name of the Friendly Brothers 
was obnoxious from its past Tory associations, they changed 
it to the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. On the 17th of March, 
1784, the society, under its new organization and new name, 
gave a g^nd dinner at Cape's City Tavern, comer of Broad- 
way and Rector street, at which Governor George Clinton, 
Chancellor Livingston, John Jay, Egbert Benson and many 
other distinguished men were present. * The great saint,' says 
a paper of that day — Loudon's New York ' Packet ' — * was 
perhaps never honored with a concourse of more gener- 
ous and truly patriotic sons than this assembly afforded.' 
With this dinner, ninety-four years ago, they conrmemo- 
rated the day of St. Patrick, and in the language of one of 
Lover's songs, which Judge Brady sings with so much effect, 
the Friendly Sons have kept up the practice from that day td 
this. In conviviality and good fellowship we have rested 
upon a very sure Irish foundation, which is the real explana- 
tion of our having lasted so long." Dion Boucicault re- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCBLLAHY 301 

sponded to the toast ** St. Patrick's day and all who honor it'' 
Judge Daly rose to propose the toast of ** Ireland." He held 
np a spray of shamrock, and, alluding to it as the emblem of 
the Green Isle said that before giving the toast he thought 
it would be proper to salute it with some national muda 
Mr. Simpson responded to the call. Judge Van OM was 
then introduced and replied to the toast Gen. Jamea 
Shields, who was introduced as the hero of two wars, the 
Mexican and the Civil, made a very brief, but stirring speech. 
** Our Sister Societies and their Honorable Rq>resenta^ves 
here to-night,'' was replied to by the representatives of the 
societies referred to. Mayor Ely responded to " The City of 
New York." 



Centennial of The New York Friendly Sons of St Patridk. 

The Friendly Sons of St Patrick, New York, observed the 
centennial of their organization, March 17, 1884. The occa- 
sion was one of great splendor, the exercises taking place 
at the Hotel Brunswick, Fifth avenue and Twenty-seventh 
street. New York city. Chief Justice Daly, president of the 
Friendly Sons, occupied the chair. 

The attendance numbered about 200, and included: Hon. 
Joseph F. Daly, Hon. Franklin Edson, Hon. John Kelly, 
Hon. C. M. Depew, Hon. Chas. W. Jones, Hon. Richard 
O'Gorman, Hon. R. L. Larremore, Hon. F. Sm)rth, Hon. 
John J. Kiernan, Hon. John D. Crimmins, Hon. S. B. Hyatt, 
John McCullough, Augustin Daly, Dion Boucicault, P. S. 
Gilmore, Edward O'Mahoney, Robert Sewell, David Mc- 
Clure, Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, Hon. Morgan J. O'Brien, 
James Redpath, Jos. J. O'Donohue, and many other promi- 
nent gentlemen. Chief Justice Daly in opening the postpran- 
dial exercises said : 

Gentlemen of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick — I congrat- 
ulate you on having reached the looth anniversary of our 
old society. We are not the oldest society in this city, the 
St. Andrew and the Marine Societies being older; nor are we 
the oldest Irish society in the United States, for the Chari- 



302 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

table Irish Society of Boston was founded as early as 1737. 

As I have mentioned Boston, I may with propriety on this 
occasion recall an early instance of Irish benevolence in con- 
nection with that city. In 1676 there was great suffering in 
Boston in consequence of the Indian wars, and the citizens of 
Dublin sent out a ship with a full freight, the proceeds of 
which, £980, equivalent in this day to at least $30,000, was 
divided by the captain among 116 impoverished families of 
Boston. We date our society from 1784, but the orgfaniza- 
tion of which it may be said to be a continuance can be traced 
as far back as 1762, the earliest date that I know of a com- 
memoration of St. Patrick's Day in this city. 

All the records of the society were destroyed by the great 
fire in New York in 1835, and what I have been able to gather 
from other sources of its origin and early history I will 
briefly state. In the year 1762, Broadway extended no 
farther than Reade street, the further progress of the street 
there being interrupted by a broad and very high hill, called 
Mount Pleasant, from the top of which there was an exten- 
sive view of the Bay, the harbor, the North and East Rivers, 
and the surrounding scenery. Upon this eminence there 
was a well-known tavern kept by an Irishman named John 
Marshall, and here, on the 17 of March, 122 years ago, the 
Irish residents of the city celebrated St. Patrick's Day by a 
public dinner, which was the initiation of an organization 
formed shortly thereafter for social and benevolent objects, 
called the Friendly Brothers of St. Patrick. I do not know 
the exact year it was established, but it was in existence in 
1766. 

There was a great disposition in the first half of the last 
century to form secret societies, a period during which, the 
Masonic fraternity was greatly expanded, if it did not, in 
fact, then come into existence. Their objects were social 
and benevolent, the social feature greatly predominating. In 
1740 a society of this description was established in Dublin, 
composed chiefly of military men, called the Ancient and 
Most Benevolent Order of the Friendly Brothers of St. Pat- 
rick. Like the other secret societies, its objects were benev- 
olent and social, and though in its rites, ceremonies and se- 
crecy it resembled, it was not of the Masonic fraternity. In 
the beginning of this century it was changed into a club, and 
is still in existence in Dublin, having its Club House in Sack- 
ville street. The Society of the Friendly Brothers here was 
modeled after the one in Dublin. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 303 

At the time of its institution New York was a little garri- 
son town of about 12,000 inhabitants, and was the chief ren- 
dezvous for the British forces in the North American and West 
India colonies. There was always one, and generally two or 
more regiments here, in which the Irish, who 'have always 
been a fighting race, were largely represented. Two of these 
were Irish regiments — ^the 48th and the 88th, the Connaught 
Rangers. It was, however, in the i6th and 47th Foot that 
the Society of the Friendly Brothers of St. Patrick was 
formed, probably by members of the parent society, and the 
military officers kept up this body until 1782, and gave it its 
political character of unswerving loyalty to the British 
Crown. 

In fact, all its members whether civilians or military, were, 
during the American Revolution, loyalists. In contradis- 
tinction to this Tory body, the leading Irishmen who had 
espoused the American cause founded a society in 1771 
in Philadelphia, and to distinguish it from the Brothers in 
New York, called it " The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick," of 
which body General Washington was made a member by 
adoption. I have had a great deal to do with making 
adopted citizens from Irishmen, but this is the only instance 
I know of in Which an American was made an Irish citizen 
by adoption. 

After the Revolution some members of the Friendly Sons 
of Philadelphia, together with members of The Friendly 
Brothers here, who had given in their adhesion to the Amer- 
ican Government, reorganized the New York Society under 
the name which it now bears of " The Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick/' the looth anniversary of which we celebrate to- 
night. 

But the connection of the Irish race with this country ex- 
tends far beyond the existence of either this or the Boston 
Society. It may surprise our New England friends, who 
generally embody their idea of the settlement of this country 
in two events — the landing of Columbus and the landing of 
the Pilgrims — ^when I state, upon very respectable authority, 
that the Irish were in America before either Columbus or 
the Puritans. The Irish were, at a very early period, navi- 
gators and explorers; for when the Northmen discovered Ice- 
land, in the 9th century, they found as appears by Icelandic 
records which are still in existence, a Christian people there, 
who afterwards went away, leaving behind them Irish books, 
bells and croziers, showing that they were Irish, and had 
among them ecclesiastics. 



304 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

It appears further by these Scandinavian records, that, in 
the loth century, after the discovery of America by the 
Northmen, a fact now generally conceded, that South of Vin- 
land, to which the Northmen came, and which is supposed 
to have been in the region of Massachusetts Bay, there was 
another country called in the records " White Man's Land or 
Great Ireland," towards which, an Iceland chief in 982, was 
driven in a tempest, and where he remained. And another 
Icelandish writer of the tenth century records that, about 
thirty years afterwards, a vessel with a mixed crew of Irish- 
men and Icelanders was carried off the west coast of Ireland 
by an easterly wind to this western land called in the record, 
" Great Ireland ; " that they found a safe harbor and to their 
astonisment, a people who understood the Irish langtiage, 
who were ruled over by this Icelandish chief who had been 
away so long. Professor Rafn fixes the " Great Ireland" re- 
ferred to in these Scandinavian records as south of Chesa- 
peake Bay; and Rask, the great Danish archaeologist and 
scholar, says that the writers of these records in the tenth 
century could have had no motive to fabricate this accotmt 
about Great Ireland. That there is nothing impossible in 
it, as at the time when the Northmen visited Vinland the 
Irish were far more advanced in learning and civilization, 
and why, he asks, should not they undertake like expedi- 
tions? ... 

When our Society was organized in 1784, among its ob- 
jects was to find employment for Irish emigrants coming to 
this city and to relieve them by pecuniary aid in sickness and 
want. It did this work very effectually until about forty 
years ago, when the great increase of Irish emigration ren- 
dered it impossible to carry out all the purposes for which 
it was organized, and in consequence, after a great deal of 
discussion and deliberation, two institutions were formed 
from the society — the Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank and 
the Irish Emigrant Society, both of which, upon their sepa- 
rate organization, were composed exclusively of members of 
the Society — ^since which period the Society has confined it- 
self solely to discharging, to the extent of its limited ability, 
the purposes for which it was organized, and celebrated eadi 
year by a public banquet its own and the anniversary of the 
Patron Saint of Ireland. 

Now, gentlemen, I am going to give you a toast which has 
been drank in this Society for a hundred years. It is forty- 
five years since I first dined with the Friendly Sons of St. 



IRISH-AMBRJCAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 305 

Patrick. [Applause.] I have heard it and drank it all that 
time, and am yet sober. There is an old Irish march of the 
Ninth Century which Mr. Gilmore will remember, '^The 
Red Fox." When Thomas Moore was in college with Rob- 
ert Emmet he was playing over the airs which had just been 
collected, and when he came to this, Irish air of ** The Red 
Fox," Robert Emmet jumped up and wisdied that he might 
be at the head of 30,000 men marching to it to the deliver- 
ance of Ireland. [Applause.] After the execution of Em- 
met, Moore thought of this incident and of this air and for 
the first number of his Irish melodies he wrote two songs, 
one to commemorate the fate of Sarah Curran, the daugh- 
ter of the Irish orator, who ¥^as betrothed to Robert Emmet, 
and who was then dying in Italy, and the other he devoted 
to the sentiment which Emmet expressed. The first is the 
beautiful air, '' She is for frcrni the land where her young 
lover sleeps," and the other, which was expressive of Em- 
met's feelings, is, " Let Erin Remember the Days of Old." 
[Applause.] 

After I have given the toast, I will call upon one of our 
members, Mr. Gilmore, who 'has kindly superintended the 
music for this evening, to give us this old air in the form 
in which Moore expressed it. This toast, gentlemen, we 
always drink rising : " The Day and All who Honor It." 

The assemblage here rose and drank the toast proposed 
by Chief Justice Daly. Three cheers were then g^ven and 
the air, " Let Erin Remember the Days of Old," was sung by 
a quartette consisting of Miss Hattie L. Simms, soprano; 
Miss Hattie Clapper, contralto; Mr. William Courtney, 
tenor; Mr. Edward O'Mahony, basso. 

The Chairman: To respond to this sentiment, gentlemen, 
I have the pleasure to call upon Judge Joseph F. Daly. 

Judge Joseph F. Daly delivered a speech brimful of hu- 
mor and points. It was the Irish, he was glad to hear, who 
had first invented America [laughter]. The Indian Chief- 
tain, who had given Tammany to the people of New York, 
was only one of a series of distinguished individuals whose 
memory ought to be perpetuated by the New York Histori- 
cal Society. But whatever of obscurity was associated with 
the discovery of America in the Tenth Century there was 



3o6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

no mistake, in order to save any misunderstanding in the 
future on that point, that the Irish deemed it necessary to re- 
discover it in the Nineteenth Century, and they had been 
discovering it ever since. So strong was the love of coun- 
try in the Irish breast that on one occasion an old gentle- 
man, who, upon being called to give evidence in a court of 
justice, was addressed in German by the interpreter as to 
his name, catching sight of the features of the benevolent- 
looking Judge, answered in feeble but pathetic accents, 
" Patrick McGinnis." Here was an illustration of the pass- 
ing strength, in even a court of justice, of the claims of one's 
nationality, which defied even the guttural pronunciation of 
a court interpreter who was unacquainted with the language. 
In conclusion the speaker hoped that if the example of St 
Patrick contributed to the improvement of public, private, 
and political morality, as it should, he would honor the in- 
dividual who emulated him in those attributes no matter to 
what nationality he belonged. [Applause.] 

The Chairman: The next toast is, "The United States," 
The music called for is the " Star Spangled Banner." I will 
call upon Mr. Robert Sewell to respond. 

Mr. Sewell begged his hearers to look back, if they could, 
lOO years. In a brilliant and historical review of the history 
of the United States, the speaker passed on from the occu- 
pancy of the country by the aborigines until he reached the 
period when it was regenerated by the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick and their descendants, whose blood had given testi- 
mony of their devotion to the country of their adoption. 
Wherever the Irishman had been engaged in the battle for 
freedom, no matter under what flag, his courage had been 
the seal of his country's glory. Wherever liberty and glory 
were to be achieved, Irishmen had ever been foremost in 
the battle cry of liberty, no matter on what soil. 

Madame Chatterton-Bohrer, solo harpist, gave a fantasia 
of Irish airs, which was evidently appreciated. 

The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher was then introduced. He 
said: 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 307 

Mr. President and Gentlemen — I do not know whether 
you are as much surprised to see me here as I am to be here. 
When I received your invitation I accepted it very largely 
from the novelty of it. [Applause.] I did not know that 
there was any really deep foundation in the matter, but it 
has been disclosed to me since I have been here. [Ap- 
plause. ] The proverbial modesty of the Irish people is such 
that they need somebody who can brag for them, and, look- 
ing around among the men who are engaged in this kind 
of oratory, they saw me and said : That is the man. [Laugh- 
ter.] He is a Yankee. [Laughter.] He celebrates twice 
a year the Forefathers' day — for we eat dinner in Brookljm 
on the 2 1 St of December and in New York on the 22d, and 
I have to speak at both of them — ^and therefore if any selec- 
tion is to be made it should be of some man who is an ex- 
pert in these anniversary speeches. And I am bound to say 
that you needed some such man. [Laughter and applause.] 
I never saw such a waste of opportunity. 

Do you not suppose that if the " Mayflower " had come 
over to this country in the ninth century, and that the fore- 
fathers had discovered it as your forefathers have [laugh- 
ter], you would have had four dinners and everyone would 
have been filled full of the achievements of our ancestors? 
Here you have been hundreds and hundreds of years before 
we have had a vision of the land, and what a small matter 
you make of it. There was but one man south of Mason 
and Dixon's line, and he died ; and all those that went North 
into the hyperborean regions of this country were disgusted 
and went home. [Laughter.] Ah, gentlemen, these are 
occasions which if let go without improvement will never 
come again. 

I did not know but you mistook me for an Irishman. 
{Laughter.] I have looked into that matter seriously. I think 
the foundation stock from which I came was English, unless 
it was Jewish. My name is Jewish, but I can't trace that. 
We came from county Kent, in England. I find also that 
there is an infusion of Welsh blood, and last of all I find that 
there is a stream of Scotch blood. Now, if there had been 
one drop of Irish blood, there would have been a spontaneous 
combustion. [Continued laughter and applause.] It very 
likely will be found out before the next anniversary, for we 
are now going to have national anniversaries thick and fast. 
We shall have a Norwegian one, and a Scotch one, and a 



3o8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

French one, and an Italian and a Hungarian. All nations 
that have populated this country are bound to have a dinner 
and recount their ancestries and all that they have done or 
meant to do for this country. I am now diligently preparing 
myself to make a Danish speech and I am after an ancestor. 
[Laughter.] Well, gentlemen, if — to speak a little seri- 
ously — the qualification for such a meeting as this is a very 
sincere admiration of the race, then I was a right man to be 
called. [Applause.] For, with some abatement I do admire 
the Irish. [Laughter.] Gentlemen, when fish are very small 
they fry them and eat them without dressing — all there is of 
them; but when they are very large they can afford to take 
off the fins and take out much of the enthralia and then there 
is much left for a banquet; and the Irishman can afford to be 
eviscerated and yet there will be a good substance left. [Ap- 
plause and laughter.] I bemoan the fate of that beautiful 
island of the sea. Did you ever think that fruit trees never 
eat their own apples? Other hands pluck the fruit; they only 
bear. Ireland raises men and all the world plucks them. 
[Great applause.] As far back as the history of civilization 
goes there is not a nation that has earned a place in history 
in whose councils, in whose armies or on whose battlefields 
the Irish have not been found— every where ; and of all the 
nations of the earth none has profited so much by them as 
this nation. [Cries of " Bravo! " and applause.] 

One of the signs of a true Christian civilization is the esti- 
mate which humble motives are held in, and when I look at 
those that come over to our families and the unassuming 
humbler services of the Irish maidens, their love of our 
children, their loyalty and their fidelity, I cannot enough 
honor them. When I perceive how they work, toiling 
through the months with their pittance of wages, saving it, 
wearing the least and spending the least, that they may set 
the stream of gold flowing across the sea to their old father 
or mother, or to bring out brother or sister to this country, 
I feel in the language of sacred writ that the last and least 
should be first in honor. [Continued applause.] We, with 
the surety of publicity, perform deeds of charity or of hero- 
ism, but in the humbler sphere in which these persons labor 
there is no certainty and almost no reality of commenda- 
tion or of praise ; and they do it because they have hearts that 
are deep and affections that are warm. [Applause.] 

When I look out upon the labor of the spade, the industry 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 309 

of the ferniy or the work that is connected with unfolding 
those improvements which have been so eloquently alluded 
to by the gentleman preceding me, I ask, where until within 
a few years have we had the bone and muscle to do the work 
that is the substructure of our modem civilization, and where 
have we found better citizens than in the children of the 
Irish? [Applause.] In coming to this country they are not 
yet accustomed to the ways of a constitutional government like 
ours, and do not yet well understand the secrets of liberty. 

It is not their fault ; they have not been taught these things 
at home. [Applause.] After they have been here some 
time, if they have not learned how to vote it is not from 
want of practice. [Laughter.] When I see gentlemen of 
good lineage and good blood that come to this land willing 
to serve, any way humbling themselves, willing to become 
aldermen or even to occupy offices, I cannot but honor their 
fidelity and their patriotism to their new country. [Laugh- 
ter.] 

Ireland has been called the Niobe of nations, the mother 
seeing herself bereft by unfriendly gods of all that she loved 
best. To-day she seems more to me like the old fabled 
Laocoon who, faithful to Troy, angered the Grecian gods, 
and mighty serpents crushed both the father and the sons, 
with this diange in that fable and poem that the mighty ser- 
pents of oppression that have twined around the children and 
sought to take away the life of the father will die, and Lao- 
coon will live. [Continued applause.] 

Pardon me if I allude to that which has been to me of the 
most profound interest, the struggle of this people against 
organized oppression — a struggle that is still going on — a 
struggle in which an American has a right to have some in- 
terest and enthusiasm, because the leader par excellence of 
that civic movement has mingled the Irish blood with the 
American. [Applause.] It is not for me — ^both a descendant 
of English stock and also a real admirer of the English people 
— to indulge in unwarrantable or illimited reproach. I 
greatly admire many of the sterling qualities of the English 
people; but they are hard masters. [Applause.] They make 
large requisitions of themselves and more of their subjects. 
[Applause.] 

It was their ignorance of how to manage colonial people 
that led to the War of Independence on this side of the sea. 
The English were hard governors. They have been hard 



31 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

governors in all the Oriental lands, they have been hard 
governors at home, and the days of this ignorance God 
winked at; but he is going to wink at it no longer. The 
English people are a people whose hands when they are shut 
are hard to open. When once they bind a people with their 
cords you might as well try to untie the roots of an oak tree. 
There is no remission or alleviation to the Englishmen let 
alone, but when their conscience is addressed — ^and part of it 
is not conscience — when reasons take on substantial forms^ 
when their interests are interrupted and assailed, when they 
find persistence that is as obstinate as their purpose is, the Eng- 
lish people can be brought to their senses. [Continued ap- 
plause.] 

I am one of those who believe that Ireland should not 
assume her proper position or her measure of proper inde- 
pendence until she shall have presented such a face to Eng- 
land as that Englishmen may feel that their own interests de- 
mand the liberation of Ireland. 

Not all that has been done is to be approved and it is as 
little approved by elevated and cultivated Irishmen as by the 
civilized world. It is Macaulay that says, speaking of the 
French Revolution that the proper measure of the excesses 
of that Revolution is the measure of the oppression by the 
French monarch of the French people. It may be said, if 
there is an under class of really untrained natures that have 
no conception or clearly infused notion of power, that form 
civic combinations and go as beasts go into the contest with 
teeth and with claws and only with physical -violence, how 
came there to be such a class of ignorant people? 

How came it that it should be thought necessary by any 
to use violence ? Although, the Irish from the earliest day 
have been a pugnacious people [applause] — Quakers didn't 
originate there — [laughter], yet those things that are so 
offensive to every right-minded man, the use of dynamite, this 
attempt to scratch England, thinking you can make her sub- 
mit, this destroying her depots or public buildings or the in- 
nocent population that happen to be around the explosion 
meets no sympathy all the world over. [Continued ap- 
plause.] 

But where did the Irish get this idea? It was not bom 
there. All over the continent of Europe to-day there are 
surging up from the bottom Socialistic ideas and Nihilistic 
ideas which cannot meet the approbation of any right think- 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 31 1 

ing man. Yet, when I consider the oppression that they suf- 
fer, when I consider the Nihilistic idea — the destroying ele- 
ment I heartily hate — but when I consider the people that 
are left to right themselves by such means of violence, while 
I deplore it, I say that I do not wonder that they think it is 
right to use whatever weapons their ignorance puts into 
their hands. [Applause.] This people of Russia, this people 
brought up in Austria, this people that have been brought 
up even under the despotism of Germany time and experi- 
ence will teach what we have learned in this land, that brains 
are more mighty for reform than muscles are. He that has 
a right cause will succeed, and every man that is under the 
foot of a despot has a right cause if God is God and truth is 
truth. 

We cannot, perhaps analyze all the elements at work; we 
cannot go into the historical and physiological conditions of 
this people; but there are certain facts that stand out very 
plainly. One is that the people of Ireland are extremely 
miserable and unhappy. Nobody knows so much about it as 
the men themselves. The man that holds the whip does not 
know what that whip means so well as the man at the other 
end of the lash. [Laughter.] The Englishman living in his 
own country may think that the Irish are foolish ; but it is the 
Irishman starving, without land or prospects of land, and 
with the Irish blood in his veins, that resents oppression, that 
longs to have the freedom of a man and a noble manhood. 
He knows what the times are and what a dollar is and what 
suffering is. The fact that Ireland is wretchedly misgoverned 
must be acknowledged by all men. Another fact is open to 
us, and that is that the efforts that have been made under the 
good influences that have drifted across the ocean from our 
better experiments in labor have been thus far very success- 
ful. 

I think that the career of Mr. Gladstone and that the at- 
tempted improvements that he has sought to make are all 
auspicious ; they are not completed ; they will go on from step 
to step, and Ireland will be as free under the Crown as Eng- 
land is under her Crown, or Scotland is under the Crown, or 
Wales; just as free as under this Government New York is 
or Pennsylvania is or New England is. She may not be 
separated from the other country, but she will not be under 
the other country's feet. She will have in all local matters the 
right that we have to determine her own affairs in her owa 



31 a IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

way, and in regard to all things that pertain to the kingdom 
at large, to have her voice as the other portions of the British 
Empire have their voices. We have but little trouble in this 
land ; we partition off the territories and say to our people : 
" Have your own way, and if you don't have your own way, 
we will make you." [Applause.] If you want to know the 
pattern of the future government, don't look to England, don't 
look to Ireland ; look to America. [Applause.] 

The truths that have been developed here, even if the seed 
from which they sprang was English seed, the institutions that 
have been enlarged and have been unfolded here; the policy 
that has held this land together under trials that have never 
fallen upon any other nation in the history of the world, pub* 
lie sentiment has blazed across the sea. France feels it, Ger- 
many is resisting it in vain. The Czar will be exploded 
utterly if he does not take heed in time. Although I am al- 
ready what is called outside an old man — [applause and re- 
peated shouts of " No, no."] Gentlemen, I will swap hair 
with half of you [applause and laughter] — ^inside I am 
young; I am half-grown. [Laughter.] But before I die 
I believe that I shall see Ireland free, orderly, prosperous, 
and, as she has always been, enthusiastic and loyal. [Shouts 
of " Hear, hear."] 

But, as it is, let us turn away our eyes from Ireland. The 
Irish people never can say that they don't behave and pros- 
per. The Irishman is a successful man everywhere but in Ire- 
land. [Laughter.] Bring him here where freedom reigns 
and law, and he is of very little trouble. He may be when 
he is yet new to this land ; but if an Irishman can evade whis- 
key for ten years and vote early and often, in the course of 
ten or fifteen years he is as good a citizen as if he had been 
born here. [Applause and laughter.] Those that have come 
here and have lived over a certain period have made the best 
part of our citizens. If a man wants to see Irishmen let him 
come to America! [Applause.] Here we have them in their 
true fulness; there they are cramped, here spread open; there 
afflicted, here they breathe freer, down to the bottom of their 
lungs ; there they are impoverished, here they are more likely 
to impoverish us. [Laughter.] They have strong blood, they 
are a glorious stock to breed from. Though relatively small 
at home in population as compared with the larger nationali- 
ties, yet all history has shown and will show us that, wherever 
the Irish go they bring vitality with them. The Irish may be 
called the yeast of nations. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 313 

In meeting you this evening I desire not only to express 
the most cordial fellowship and good will to the Irish in 
America, but also to express the most profound sympathy 
with the Irish people in Old Ireland itself. I am not born of 
Irish people, I am not of Irish persuasion in religion; but I 
am a man. [Great applause and cheers.] Nowhere from the 
rising of the sun until the going down of the same shall an 
oppressed man lift up his hand to redress his wrongs and as- 
sert his liberty and I not be his priest, his prophet and his 
advocate. [Great applause.] If it be so among Chinamen, 
if it be so among those far off or near at hand, if it be so any- 
where throughout the world where I am not connected by any 
bonds other than those of common humanity that is my posi- 
tion, and how much more shall I feel a profound sympathy 
and enthusiastic reception for that gallant remnant of the 
old and heroic race struggling in Ireland for the simplest 
rights of humanity. [Applause.] 

Mr. President. I thank you for the invitation that has 
brought me here to-night. I thank you for the opportunity 
that has been given of saying a few things about Ireland ; but 
you have no part or lot in it because you are a Yankee. 
[Laughter.] You are born on the wrong soil, but still we all 
give something to the lineage. [Applause.] If I have not j 
boasted enough in your behalf nor made available the ma- 
terials that are at hand, all I can say is that if you will invite 
me at the next hundredth celebration, I will make up mj 
shortcomings. [Continued applause and cheers.] 

Chauncey M. Depew, in responding to the " City of New 
York" said; 

Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the Friendly Sons of St, 
Patrick: — I feel that after the superb effort made by the 
old man eloquent who has just left us that the oratory of the 
evening would have been fittingly closed simply by the music 
of the Irish harp. Nothing can be added in a serious way, 
nothing can be added in a jocose or humorous way to this 
most magnificent tribute to our common human nature and 
to the destiny and dignity of the Irish race. [Applause.] 
But, still, I presume. Tike the St. Patrick procession in the 
street, this procession is bound to move on. [Laughter.] 
And if the 69th has marched with full regimental line and 
staff on horseback and Gilmore's band in front, this Hiber- 
nian society of French origin may be permitted to follow its 



314 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

fellow patriot in the rear. You see in front of me a most ex- 
traordinary image placed there by the order of Chief Justice 
Daly. He stated that it was to give me inspiration because it 
was the harp which played through Tara's halls. If the Chief 
Justice is correct in his historical and geographical facts, and 
no one is more so, at the time in the mythic past when that 
harp was played through Tara's halls the Gulf Stream must 
have ran a good deal nearer Ireland than it does now, judg- 
ing from the complexion of the player. [Laughter.] 

I was struck as I always am with the Chief Justice's speech. 
If there is one thing which I have looked forward to in all 
these banquets for the past 20 years more than any other it 
is to be present on this centennial occasion to listen to those 
pleasing reminiscences of a pagan age which the Judge gives 
us from personal recollections. [Laughter.] He has promised 
that when the Centennial of the Friendly Sons of St. Pat- 
rick was held he would then tell us how he and his fellow 
compatriots founded it a hundred years ago. We have had 
the story, and it has come to us as fresh, as juicy, and as full 
of Irish life and American fire as is my friend the Judge, 
himself, old in nothing young in everything — the best speci- 
men of an Irish American of whom I now have knowledge. 
[Applause.] When he stated that the Irish first discovered 
America I believed it. It was Manhattan Island which they 
discovered and they have hung on to it ever since. [Applause 
and laughter.] When he stated that the grand old Irish 
tongue was at one time the language of this country in its 
best circles even as French is to-day the language of diplo- 
macy, he might have stated, so is the grand old Irish tongue 
the language of our Courts in the New Court House and of 
our Municipal parliament in the City Hall. [Laughter.] An 
irreverent Yankee, who left this platform because I told him 
I would tell the story, stated in respect to the prosperity of the 
Industrial Savings Bank that so long as the taxes were col- 
lected and paid over to the Irish office holders of the city, the 
resources of the bank would be unimpaired. [Laughter.] 

Now, in speaking here to-night I represent the Governor 
[laughter] whom I resemble in no respect. I have on occa- 
sion represented the austere Hoffman, the festive Robinson^ 
the loquacious Cornell [laughter] and in speaking to-night 
for Gov. Cleveland I shall decline to give you any advance 
views of what he intends to do with the bill with reference 
to single-headed power in New York, and shall decline to 



IRISH-AMBRICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 315 

give you any views he may entertain as to the proper candi- 
date for the Presidential Convention. [Laughter.] But, I 
attended this Centennial because it is to me a dotd>le one; 
first to celebrate it with you as the hundredth anniversary of 
the founding of your society; and second, with myself as the 
hundredth time I have responded for the State of New York. 
[Laughter.] For the past eight years we have been having 
Centennials one after another, commencing with Concord and 
Lexiiigton and coming down later, until every cross road 
where there was a skirmish, every village where there was a 
bivouac, every [dace where a soldier lay down gave to the lo- 
cality the opportunity for almost every day in the year to cele- 
brate a Centennial. And when the eight years had rolled by the 
American people felt that they thoroughly understood the 
suffering of their forefathers in the Revolutionary War. But 
of all the Centennials from that which opened at Lexington 
and Concord with such enthusiasm to that which closed when 
the curtain fell at Yorktown and with the supplemental act in 
the drizzling rain in Newburg they seem relegated to the 
realms of insignficance compared with results which have 
followed the formation of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick 
in ^is country. 

Why, gentlemen, when the Society of the Friendly Sons of 
St Patrick was founded a hundred years ago the first thing 
they did was to elect one of their number, George Clinton, 
the first governor of this State. [Applause.] When the 
Old Holland Dutch and the Huguenots, then largely in the 
majority, allowed them to accomplish that result by their 
softly persuasive eloquence they little understood the Irish. 
They did not know them. When an Irishman once tasted 
the sweets of power and the emoluments of office all the 
powers of the globe couldn't dislodge him. But then old 
George Clinton, the first Governor of the State of New York, 
was a typical Irishman .of the grandest sort, he was a fine 
old Irish gentleman, one of the real old kind, full of patriot- 
ism, full of enthusiasm, full of fire and vigor and brains [ap- 
plause], ready to lay down his life for his honor, or for the 
rights of man under any flag. He fought England because he 
thought he was fighting tyranny. He fought the foundation 
of the Federal Government, because he feared it would ex- 
tend tyranny over his State. And, while we may diflfer with 
him as to the last, we still reverence his name as one of the 
best, purest, noblest and most courageous soldiers and of states- 



3l6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

men that any race ever furnished to any state in this broad 
land. [Continued applause.] 

The history of this Empire State is the history of the 
grandest commonwealth of that brilliant constellation which 
makes up this Federal Union. Why look at it! There were 
50,000 people in the State of New York when it was organ- 
ized and to-day it has more Yankees than Boston, more 
Germans than Berlin and more Irishmen than Dublin. [Ap- 
plause.] In that hundred years the genius of Irish descent 
has wedded the lakes and the sea and developed that com- 
merce which has made possible the dream of the founder of 
the Republic, because it has called populations from all lands 
and furnished them a home from oppression, and their in- 
dustry has made the United States the granary of the 
world. [Applause :] 

One hundred years ago we had one college, three academ- 
ies, and here and there a school, and to-day within the limits 
of this grandest of commonwealths there are 500 schools for 
higher education; and at every cross road, in every hamlet, 
by every blacksmith's shop and in every ward in the city is 
the school furnished at the public expense. [Applause.] In 
that hundred years New York has given to the world a liter- 
ature. The sneer of the Westminster Review : " Who 
reads any American book?" was dissipated by Washington 
Irving, a New Yorker; and the American novel received its 
first start from the prolific pen of Fenimore Cooper. [Ap- 
plause.] 

In that hundred years the State of New York has con- 
tributed to the statesmanship, to the institutions, to the glory, 
to the progress and to the preservation of this Union, com- 
mencing with Alexander Hamilton, Martin Van Buren, Silas 
Wright and William H. Seward, and she has given one, a liv- 
ing statesman, Horatio Seymour. [Continued applause.] In 
all this career Ireland has done her great part for, leaving 
out all the rest, taking only that which she has contributed 
to the bar, look at her Emmet, look at her Brady, look at 
our Chief Justice. [Applause.] 

. Gentlemen: We all of us reverence the past. We are 
proud of the present, of its grand development, of its material 
resources, of its scientific advancement, of its inventive power, 
but we reverence the past. Does not every man Celtic, does 
not every man Gaelic, does not every man with a true con- 
ception within him of what he owes to history reverence the 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 317 

past for its traditions? And to none is the past more full 
of inspiration for the future than to the Irish race. Op- 
pressed as Ireland is, and has been, tied down as she is and 
has been, still the reserve power of her sons is kept alive 
by what ? Why ! by the fidelity of her soldiers shedding their 
blood upon battle fields all around the globe, by the genius 
of her poets breathing the fire of liberty, by the pathos and 
melody of her songs heard in every cabin in the world, by 
the enthusiasm and the magnificent eloquence of her orators 
always speaking on the side of humanity and of right. [Ap- 
plause.] 

Through the grand portal which makes the open gateway 
to our Empire State there have come in the past century 
more Irishmen than the present inhabitants of the Emerald 
Isle. Distributed around among our people they have il- 
lustrated by their manhood their right to live and to govern; 
they have held our highest offices by the suffrages of their 
fellow citizens of all races ; they have been distinguished by 
power; they have been distinguished in every rank of life and 
they have won fortunes in business. Gentlemen : much as 
the State of New York owes to the Irish, the Irish owe 
everything to the city of New York! [Continued applause.] 

United States Senator Jones, of Florida, was introduced 
and spoke as follows : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick: — I do not know with what propriety I was desig- 
nated to speak to the toast suggested by the president of this 
ancient organization, to-night. It is usually the case on fes- 
tive occasions that a programme is arranged, the speakers 
are named and the toasts made to correspond to their tastes 
and to their inclinations; but I can assure you of one thing, 
that there has been no preparation about this business, as far 
as I am concerned, to-night. Indeed, I did not intend to 
open my lips. I heard that a great man was to be here to- 
night to speak in the presence of this ancient society and 
I was anxious to ascertain his views with respect to the long 
oppressed land of my nativity. [Applause.] 

I knew that his words would carry a weight and an in- 
fluence beyond these walls more powerful than that of any 
other man who could possibly address you in this hall; be- 
cause, I need not tell you that, when an Irishman has spoken 
about Ireland everything that he has said is attributed to ex- 



31 8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

aggeration. But, when a great man like the one who has 
entertained you to-night has addressed you as he did with an 
eloquence and a sincerity and a force which electrified this 
intelligent body, there is very little left for an Irishman to 
say. [Applause.] 

A few years ago it fell to my lot to be present in this or- 
ganization and to give expression to a few thoughts, and I 
said then as I can say now that everything that comes from 
my lips has behind it the element of sincerity. [Applause.] 
I said then that, although a public man in a high public place, 
my position was somewhat exceptional ; that, while it was the 
custom of a great many who sought the suffrages of the 
^reat American people to seek the Irish vote, there was one 
of Irish blood in the Senate of the United States who was 
independent of it. [Applause.] No matter what might be 
his fame or his little elevation or distinction, he won it by 
the sheer force of Irish wit and he never had any policy 
about it. 

I have spoken for Ireland because I felt in my heart that 
everything I said was justified by the condition of her un- 
fortunate people. And I regret more than I can tell you 
to-night that this great Republic, liberal, broad-minded and 
intelligent as it is, does not take in the whole situation with 
respect to Ireland. In lecture halls and public meetings in 
this great Republic we may tell great truths and give expres- 
sions of opinion, but those expressions of opinion never see 
the day light. Now there is some reason for this; it is not 
for me to go into the causes of it; but there is not an intelli- 
gent man on this Continent who has ever investigated the 
true condition of Ireland but knows that the condition of 
that country and its people is every day misrepresented. 
[Applause.]' I would like to have the speech of the distin- 
guished gentleman who was here a while ago see the daylight. 
I would like to have it go out to the American people fiiat 
they may read and feel that the Irish people have been mis- 
represented and that they have a cause which justifies an hon- 
est eflfort in the direction of reform. [Applause.] 

Wherever I 'have spoken on this subject I have tried to 
speak sincerely, sometimes at the peril of my own popularity, 
with a constituency behind me having no sympathy with the 
cause that was nearest my heart. I say to you that if there is 
a city in the universe that can respond to Ireland with more 
sincerity than any other it is the great city of New York. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3x9 

{Applause.] As I stood to-day and watched the grand parade 
that passed through your streets representing that oppressed 
people I said to myself; Hiis is a spectacle which I wish could 
be witnessed by the people of the entire Union, North and 
South. [Applause.] But that spectacle was reserved for the 
people of New York alone, where Insh blood and Irish genius 
and Irish power has been fdt for a hundred years or more. 
[Applause.] I come from a section of the country where 
there are comparatively few people of my blood, yet upon 
the soil of this great city my boyish footsteps were first 
planted. It was here, at the great gateway of the emigration 
from the old world, as the gentleman said who preceded me, 
that I first set my foot, and remained here a little waif of an 
Irish boy for many years — ^unknown to the world — and then 
took my course towards the sunny region with which I am 
identified. 

I fought my way, and I need not tell you to-night that 
everything I have has been fought for and won in a square 
Irish way [applause], and I say to you, moreover, with fewer 
Irish votes behind me than any man in political life I don't 
say that in any boastful spirit, but still I have that same pride 
of race and feeling for the old land whicii I have seen mani- 
fested around me here on every hand and which marks and 
•distinguishes the Irish, people more — ^I say it without dis- 
paragement to anybody — ^than toy other people on the face 
of the globe. [Applause.] And still, they will tell you 
on every hand that this people, capable of so much, that have 
.given genius and power and energy to every country are 
incapable of anything in the land that gave them birth. [Ap- 
plause.] 

Now, I say there must be something wrong in the social 
organism and in the governing power of a country that pro- 
nluces this result, when you find Irishmen all over the world 
exhibiting talent and genius and capacity for government, 
in fact for everything that they put their hands to. The 
enemies of Ireland will point to you and tell you that Irish- 
men are capable of ever)rthing except to advance their own 
interests and the interests of their native land when they 
are at home. That is the truth. I carry with this question no 
narrow prejudice. I understand the history of Ireland and 
the system by which she has been crushed and oppressed, 
and I say that the time has come when enlightened popular 
opinion the world over will demand that justice shall be done 
to that long oppressed people. [Applause.] 



320 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

I am one of those who believe in the efficacy and influence 
of moral power; it has accomplished everything up to this 
time that Ireland has achieved for the good of the Irish 
people. [Applause.] There are some who will tell you that 
moral power will do no good, but the present condition of 
the world is different from what it was a hundred years ago, 
and I say that England, powerful as she is, obstinate as she 
is and tyrannical as she is with respect to everything that 
comes in competition with her own interests cannot with- 
stand the popular opinion of the world. [Applause.] 

It is said time and again that there is no cause for Irish 
agitation. I left Ireland a little boy, and not for 40 years 
until last summer, did I return to my native soil, and I didn't 
remain there long [laughter] ; but I remained there long 
enougli to take in the entire situation and to see that if there 
was a people on the face of the earth that had a cause to 
struggle for and to fight for, if they had the power, that 
people was the Irish people. [Applause.] I saw the provin- 
cial stamp upon her ancient capital once the scat of genius, 
nobility and the higliest social life. I saw and I heard that 
the very life blood was drawn out of her every day and cen- 
tred in the sister island, and I said this to Englishmen: 
" The time has come when you will have to give up some- 
thing of the prejudices of the past and do justice to the Irish 
people." [Applause.] Lord Chatham when he was pleading 
the cause of American freedom in the House of Lords, when 
the friends of American Independence were few, he said be- 
fore the Prime Minister: " Do justice to America, my lords^ 
and do it to-night ! " They scoffed at his words and hissed 
from the Government benches. But, if the prophetic warn- 
ing that he had thrown out, and which Edmund Burke had 
thrown out in the House of Commons, had been heeded, an 
empire might have been saved to the British Crown. [Ap- 
plause.] But that obstinate prejudice which still charac- 
terizes that country existied then and they would not yield 
to public opinion one iota. The result was that they lost a 
continent which might have been retained. [Applause.] 

A voice : Thank God it was not. 

Senator Jones: I glory in the result of it. [Applause.] It 
is the same policy in England that prevails to-day with re- 
spect to Ireland. Notwithstanding all that has been said 
touching the liberality of the English people towards Ireland, 
they are distinct peoples. The national feeling of the Irisb 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3JI 

people cannot be crushed out, and it is time for Englishmen 
to understand that after 700 years of persistent and deter- 
mined opposition to tyranny and oppression that they will 
not surrender their convictions as a distinct race [Applause], 
and that any policy which may be formed or adopted by the 
British Parliament must be based upon the ineradicable and 
instinctive love of nationality that is rooted in the Irish 
heart. [Applause.] 

Blunders have been committed and it is true that they 
were corrected; and I say to you, gentlemen of this society, 
that if nothing more shall ever be accomplished by your 
organization than to have afforded to the distinguished gen- 
tleman who spoke to you from this platform to-night the op- 
portunity of expressing the opinion which he did express re- 
specting Ireland, you will have served a great cause. 

As an Irishman you couldn't expect me to say anything 
more, because my words would not carry great weight be- 
yond these walls; but those who know me are well aware 
that I have an intelligent conception of the condition of 
things abroad and that my heart is with that old land; and, 
while I do not uphold any of the excesses of the imfortu- 
nate people who have felt the oppressive hand of power in 
every effort that had been made to improve the condition 
of Ireland, yet to every honest effort in their behalf I will 
give my hearty and warm support. [Continued applause 
and cheers.] 



CHAPTER XXV. 

Various Events in New York Under the Auspices of the Friendly Sons 
—Testimonials to W. £. Gladstone, Judge James Fitzgerald, Judge Mor- 
gan J. O'Brien, Judge James A. O'Gorman, and Samuel Sloan— The 
French Embassy— Chief Officers of the Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick 
from 1849 to 1905. 

The New York Friendly Sons' celebration in 1885, took 
place at Delmonico's. Those present included, sa)rs the New 
York " Herald," Chauncey M. Depew, G>raelius Vanderbilt, 
Jr., Senator Warner Miller, Congressman Abram S. Hewitt, 
and F. R. G>udert. The dinner was very largely attended 
President Joseph J. O'Donohue conducted the exercises of 
the evening. A letter of regret at inability to attend was 
read from Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. A letter was also re- 
ceived from Col. Lamont, expressing President Qeveland's 
regrets that he could not attend. After dinner addresses in 
response to toasts were made by Congressman Hewitt, At- 
torney-General Denis O'Brien, Chauncey M. Depew, Mayor 
Grace and some others. In addition to those mentioned 
there were also present, among many others, Hugh J. Grant, 
Eugene Kelly, Morgan J. O'Brien, Robert Sewell, Judge 
Barrett, Elbridge T. Gerry, W. H. Peckham, David Mc- 
Clure, James W. O'Brien, Recorder Smyth, Senator Jones 
of Florida; R. J. Morrison, James P. Farrell, Walter S. 
Johnston, Henry E. Kavanagh and James J. Coogan. 

At the dinner of the New York Friendly Sons in j888, 
over 200 members and guests were in attendance. President 
Joseph J. O'Donohue occupied the chair. Letters of r^^ret at 
inability to attend were received from President Cleveland 
and Governor Hill. Toasts were responded to by Daniel 
Dougherty, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, Governor of Virginia; 
Chauncey M. Depew, ex- Judge Noah Davis, Mayor Hewitt, 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3^3 

Judge Barrett and Gen. Sherman. The even took place at 
Dehnonico's. 

At the io6th annual dinner of the Friendly Sons of St. Pat- 
rick, New York, March 17, 1890, at Ddmonico's the presi- 
dent, David McQure, occupied the chair. At the guest table 
v^ere noted, Hon. Hugh J. Grant, Hon. C. M. Depew, Hon. 
Ellis H. Roberts, Hon. W. Bourke Cockran, Gen. Horace 
Porter, and other gentlemen. 

At the Friendly Sons' dinner, at Delmonico's, New York, 
in 1892, Hon. John D. Crimmins presided. There was a 
large attendance, and the occasion was one of much enjoy- 
ment. Among those delivering addresses were Hon. Charles 
Foster, Hon. C. M. Depew, Hon. John Boyd Thacher, Rev. 
Clarence E. Woodman, Gen. Horace Porter, Hon. John S. 
Wise, Hon. Ruf us B. Cowing, and Hon. John R. Fellows. 

On March 17, 1894, the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New 
York, adopted a cordial address to the Rt. Hon. W. E. Glad- 
stone, of England. The address was beautifully engrossed, 
and was presented Mr. Gladstone at his home, together with 
a massive silver testimonial, by a onnmittee appointed for 
the purpose. The following is a copy of the address : 



Whereas, in the voluntary withdrawal from office as 
Premier of England of the Right Honorable W. E. Glad- 
stone, the civilized world sees, with equal regret and admira- 
tion, the close of an unusually long public career as a leader, 
devoted alike to the best interests of his native country and 
to those of humanity; and 

Whereas, the last years of his memorable career have been 
most unselfishly consecrated to the cause of Ireland, in the 
heroic and persistent endeavor to win and secure for her peo- 
ple the simple meed of political and social justice enjoyed by 
Great Britain and her Colonies; and 

Whereas, in this peaceful struggle to restore to the King- 
dom of Ireland its ancient Parliament with the rational meas- 
ure of self-government granted by the Imperial Parliament 
to Canada, to the Colonies of South Africa, Australia, New 
Zealand and the West Indies, Americans of every race and 
creed have always deeply sympathized; 



3^4 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Therefore, we the " Friendly Sons of St. Patrick/' a 
ety dating from the very birth of our Republic, having for 
founders Irishmen or sons of Irishmen of all denominations 
and for members some of the Fathers of American Liberty, 
have never ceased to second, by voice, pen and purse, the pa- 
triotic efforts of Mr. Gladstone, of the Liberal Party of Great 
Britain and of the friends of Home Rule in Ireland. It is 
therefore, unanimously 

Resolved : That we recognize and regret the necessity for 
his retirement as Premier, but trust that, like his protot)rpc, 
Nestor of old, he may live many years as the Great Com- 
moner to be the guide and counsellor of his country and sec 
realized his most sanguine expectations in Ireland rejuve- 
nated, with its land-laws reformed, its commerce restored, 
its mineral wealth utilized, its manufacturing industries re- 
vived, and its people happy and contented. 

That we hereby tender to Mr. Gladstone, with this expres- 
sion of our admiration, respect and gratitude, the assurance 
that, in the future as in the past, the great English Liberal 
Party in their struggle for justice to the Irish Nation shall 
ever have our warm and active sympathy and support. 

In fine, while confidently trusting that Lord Rosd>ery, 
Mr. Gladstone's successor in ofiice, will abate nothing of 
that Statesman's zeal in the cause of Ireland, we cannot for- 
bear from impressing on all to whom this cause was dear 
the imperious necessity of united action and undivided coun- 
sels. The fate of Ireland as a Nation must be decided within 
the next decade. No man who loves her but must stand 
shoulder to shoulder with his brothers ond friends in this 
supreme crisis. 



The foregoing was signed on behalf of the Friendly Sons 
by John D. Crimmins, President; J. S. Coleman, First Vice- 
president; Edward W. Scott, Second Vice-president; Eugene 
Kelly, Treasurer; Bartholomew Moynahan, Secretary; and 
by Frederick Smyth, George C. Barrett, Morgan J. O'Brien, 
W. L. Brown, Hugh J. Grant, Howard Constable, R. Dun- 
can Harris and Bernard O'Reilly, D. D., Prothonotary, 
Apostolic. 



On Dec. 19, 1898, the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick gave 
a complimentary dinner to the Hon. James Fitzgerald, a 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 325 

highly esteemed member of the organization and justice of 
the New York Supreme Court. The event took place at Del- 
monico's and was a most delightful success. Music was fur- 
nished by Bayne's 69th Regiment Band, and during the even- 
ing there were several solos and choruses. The committee 
that had charge of the arrangements for the dinner comprised 
Hon. Morgan J, O'Brien, Hon. John D. Crimmins, Hon, 
Frederick Smyth, Hon. Hugh J. Grant, Hon. William R. 
Grace, Edward J. McGuire, Edmond J. Curry, Bartholomew 
Moynahan, E. D. Farrell, Miles M. O'Brien, John G. 
O'Keefe, John H. Spellman, Maurice J. Power and William 
N. Penney. The company was a most distinguished one. 
The Hon. Morgan J. O'Brien, justice of the Appellate Di- 
vision of the Supreme Court, presided. Those seated on his 
right and left at the dais were the Hon. David McAdam, 
Hon. Henry R. Beekman, Hon. William N. Cohen, Hon. 
Frederick Smyth, Hon. Charles H. Van Brunt, Hon. Abra- 
ham R. Lawrence, Hon. Roger A. Pryor, Hon. P. Henry 
Dugro, Hon. Francis M. Scott, Hon. John J. Freedman, 
Hon, Henry W. Bookstaver, all justices of the New York 
Supreme Court; Hon. Rufus B. Cowing, City Judge; Hon. 
William R. Grace, Hon. John F. Carroll, Hon. Richard 
Croker and the guest of the evening Hon. James Fitzgerald, 
who occupied the seat immediately on the right hand of the 
chairman of the eveiling. Aipong those at the various tables 
were noted, Hon. Edgar L. Fursman, Hon. John Woodward, 
and Hon. John S. Lambert, all three Justices of the New 
York Supreme Court. Numerous other gentlemen promi- 
Tient in the representative life of New York were also present 
The opening address of the after-dinner exercises was made 
ty Hon. Morgan J. O'Brien, the Chairman of the evening, 
who paid an eloquent tribute to the guest of the evening. 
The latter feelingly replied. Addresses were also made by 
Judge Van Brunt, Judge Cowing, Col. Edward C. James, 
Hon. John C. McGuire, Hon. Samson Lachman, and Judge 
Gildersleeve. 



32 6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Hon. Morgan J. O'Brien, a justice of the New York Su- 
preme Court, upon his retirement from the office of presi- 
dent of the New York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, in which 
position he had served three successive terms, was enter- 
tained at a complimentary dinner by the Society. The event 
took place Jan. 31, 1900, at Delmonico's. During the pro- 
ceedings a loving cup was presented Judge O'Brien. The 
event was a delightful one and brouglit together a large and 
congenial assemblage. Hon. James A. O'Gorman presided. 
Among those seated with him at the dais, in addition to the 
guest of the evening. Judge O'Brien, were the following: 
James M. Fitzsimmons, Rufus B. Cowing, Henry A. Gilder- 
sleeve, P. Henry Dugro, Henry Bischoflf, Jr., David Leven- 
tritt, Francis M. Scott, Chester B. McLaughlin, Charles H. 
Van Brunt, Most Rev. Michael A. Corrigan, D.D., Denis 
O'Brien, J. Edward Simmons, Ed^ar L. Fursman, Joseph C. 
Hendrix, Charles H. Truax, Abraham R. Lawrence, Henry 
R. Beekman, George P. Andrews, Leonard A. Giegerich and 
David McAdam. The menu was a very elaborate one and 
worthy of the name and fame of Delmonico. After the cigfars 
had been lighted, President O'Gorman rapped for order and 
paid a tribute to Judge O'Brien, concluding by saying 
" Gentlemen, I ask you to drink to the health of our g^est. 
Judge Morgan J. O'Brien. May his cup of happiness and 
contentment be ever as full as it is to-night." The toast was 
received with enthusiasm, the entire company rising and sing- 
ing, " For he's a Jolly Good Fellow." Judge O'Brien, on ris- 
ing to respond, received an ovation and made an eloquent 
reply. During the evening, vocal and instrumental music 
was rendered in a most acceptable manner. Other gentle- 
men making addresses during the evening were, Judge Fitz- 
gerald, Joseph C. Hendrix, Julien T. Davies, Judge Gilder- 
sleeve, Ex-Senator Thomas C. O'Sullivan, and M. Wharley 
Platzek. After singing " Auld Lang Syne," the company ad- 
journed much pleased with the evening's event. 

On the evening of May 29, 1902, the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick, New York, gave a reception and dinner to the 



IRISH'AMBRICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3S7 

French Governmental Mission, " that visited these shores to 

take part in the Rochanofbeau ceremonies, at WashingtoUi 

D. C." The dinner took place at Delmonico^s, New York 

city. The French Mission, to honor whom the dinner was 

given, comprised the following: 

His Excellency, M. Gmibon, the French Ambassador. 

General Bnigere, General of Division, Vice-president of the 
Supreme G>uncil of War, Chief of Special Mission. 

Vice-Admiral Foumier, Inspector-General of the Navy. 

M. Croiset, member of the French Institute, Dean of the 
Faculty of Letters of F^ris. 

General Chalendar, Commander of the Fourteenth In&ntry 
Brigade. 

Capitaine De Surgy, Captain of the armored cruiser " Gau- 
lois.'' 

Lieut-Col. Meaux Saint-Marc, Aid-de-Camp and personal 
representative of M. Emile Loubet, President of the 
French Republic. 

Comte De Rochambeau. 

Comte Sahune De La Fayette. 

M. Lag^ve, representing the Ministry of Commerce. 

M. De Margerie, Counsellor of the French Embassy at Wash- 
ington. 

M. Jean Guillemin, Sub-Director of the Cabinet of the For- 
eign Minister. 

M. Edmond Bruwaert, French Consul-General at New York. 

Lieut.-Col. Hermite, Commander of the Sixth Foot Artil- 
lery. 

M. Renouard, painter and engraver, representing the Min- 
istry of Public Instruction. 

M. Robert De Billy, Secretary of Embassy. 

Major Berthelot, Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Brugere. 

Capitaine Vignal, Military Attache to the French Embassy 
at Washington. 

Lieutenant-Commander Le Vicomte De Faramond, Naval 
Attache to the French Embassy at Washington. 

M. Jules Boeufve, Chancellor of the French Embassy at 
Washington. 



3a8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Lieutenant Andre Sauvaire-Jourdan, Aid-de-Camp to Vice- 

Admiral Foumier. 
Lieutenant Le Baron Maximilien De Reinach De Werth, 

Aid-de-Camp to Vice-Admiral Fournier. 
Capitaine Pouilloue De Saint-Mars, Captain of Artillery. 
Capitaine Etienne Filleneau, Aid-de-Camp to Greneral Bru- 

gere. 

Capitaine Lasson, Attache of the Greneral Staff of the Gover- 
nor of Paris. 

M. Louis Hermite, Secretary of the French Embassy. 

Vicomte De Chambrun, Attache of the French Embassy at 
Berlin. 

M, Victor Ayguesparsse, Attache to the French Embassy. 

The commission representing the President of the United 
States comprised Herbert H. D. Pierce, Third Assistant Sec- 
retary of State; Col. Theodore A. Bingham, United States 
Army; Commander Raymond P. Rogers, United States 
Navy, and Edwin Morgan, Secretary to the President's 
Commission. 

The ladies of the party consisted of Her Excellency Mme. 
Cambon, wife of the French Ambassador; Comtesse De Ro- 
chambeau, Mrs. Herbert H. D. Pierce, Mme. Margerie, and 
Mme. Vignal. 

The President of the Friendly Sons, Hon. James A. O'Gor- 
man, presided, and the gathering was one of the most impos- 
ing of the kind that has ever assembled in this country. Upon 
his return to France, Gen. Brugere wrote a very cordial let- 
ter to President O'Gorman, acknowledging the hospitality of 
the organization and stating that he had requested the 
French Government to send to the Friendly Sons a vase 
from the National Manufactory of Sevres, " which I have 
chosen, and which I pray you to install to us in your usual 
place of assembly in remembrance of the moments, all too 
short, which we passed together." Gen. Brugere als9 sent 
his photograph to President O'Gorman and specially re- 
quested that of the latter in return. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 329 

The vase, which is digptiified, simple and elegant, is now 
placed in the Metropolitan Museum of Fine Arts in New 
York, where also reposes the portrait of Daniel O'Connell 
by the famous Irish artist, Martin Archer 9hee, which was 
the gift of the present writer. 



On Feb. 3, 1903, the New York Friendly Sons gave a 
dinner at Delmonico's in honor of Hon. James A. O'Gorman, 
a justice of the New York Supreme Court, on the occasion of 
his retirement from the office of president of the Society after 
three successive terms. At each end of the guests' table 
were sugar figures of Justice, wearing a green mantle and 
blinded by a white cloth about her eyes. The guests in- 
•cluded Justices Henry A, Gildersleeve, Frank C. Laughlin, 
Edward Patterson, Edward W. Hatch, Charles H. Truax, 
Francis M. Scott and Morgan J. O'Brien. With the mem- 
bers of the judiciary were the Rev. Charles McCready, James 
"S. Coleman and David McClure. 

Justice O'Brien presented to the retiring president a hand- 
some silver set of 158 pieces. This was a token of respect 
from the members of the Society. In his opening speech the 
toastmaster. Justice Fitzgerald, said that such a dinner as 
they were eating was but an example of the sort of food all 
Irishmen should have under proper conditions. 

David McClure told of the fight for American indepen- 
dence, the part the Irish played in the war and in the forma- 
tion of our constitutional government. Irisfhmen were to 
the right and left of George Washington when the British 
flag was hauled down. " The events of the past two weeks 
amaze us," he continued. " We see the governments of the 
Old World sending their warships to collect the petty debts 
from a South American republic. We have several ex-presi- 
dents of this Society here, and there is only one ex-president 
of the United States who has attended one of our meetings, 
and he called the attention of the world to the fact that we 
insisted on ' Hands oflf.' " Father McCready was the next 
speaker. 



330 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Justice O'Brien, in presenting the silver service, said the 
committee had been hard pressed in deciding what they 
should select for Justice O'Gorman. It had been suggested 
that he receive something to protect him from the Appellate 
Division, or an Indian outfit for a Grand Sachem, or an addi- 
tion to his house in view of the growth of his family. Justice 
O'Gorman, in response, said he would urge the following 
as the ideal of the Society : '' Let us maintain the Irish valor 
and intense Americanism at all times. On every battlefield 
for 200 years down to those on the veldt in South Africa not 
one has been without consecration by Irish blood and their 
whitened bones. Let us hope, too, that all Irishmen will 
some time unite in that little isle across the sea in a liberty 
worthy of the genius of its people." Another special event 
under the auspices of the New York Friendly Sons was the 
presentation of a loving cup to Samuel Sloan, who was presi- 
dent of the Society in 1857-58. 

It will be noted that we have not specifically mentioned 
every annual celebration by the New York Friendly Sons of 
St. Patrick. These anniversary observances each year were 
invariably affairs of eminent impressiveness, that held in 1903 
being fully equal to those preceding it. In the work on 
" Early Celebrations of St. Patrick's Day," we gave a list of 
the chief officers of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New 
York, beginning with the year 1784 and ending with 1845- 
48. We here complete the list to 1905: 

1 849- 1 850. 

James Reybum, President. 
Charles M. Nanry, Treasurer. 
Charles H. Birney, Secretary. 

• 

1851-1852. 

Richard Bell, President. 
Charles M. Nanry, Treasurer. 
Charles H. Birney, Secretary. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 331 

1853. 

Josepfa Stuarty President. 
Charles M, Nanry, Treasurer. 
Charles H. Bimey, Secretary. 

1854-1856. 

Joseph Stuarty President. 
Charles H. Bimey, Treasurer. 
Richard O'Gorman, Secretary. 

1857.1858. 

Samuel Sloan, President. 

Charles H. Bimey, Treasurer. 

Walter Magee, Secretary. 

1859. 

Richard O'Gorman, President. 

Charles H. Bimey, Treasurer. 

Walter Magee, Secretary. 

1 860- 1 862. 

Charles P. Daly, President. 

Charles H. Bimey, Treasurer. 

Thomas Barbour, Secretary. 

1863. 

James T. Brady, President. 

Charles H. Bimey, Treasurer. 

Thomas Barbour, Secretary. 

1864. 

James T. Brady, President. 

Charles H. Bimey, Treasurer. 

A. O'Donnell, Secretary. 



J3a IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

1865. 

Richard Bell, President 
Henry L. Hoguet, Treasurer. 
William Whiteside, Secretary. 

1866. 

Joseph Stuart, President. ' 
Henry L. Hoguet, Treasurer. 
William Whiteside, Secretary. 

1867. 

Henry L. Hogget, President. 

William Whiteside, Treasurer. 

James Reid, Secretary. 

1868. 

John R. Brady, President. 

William Whiteside, Treasurer. 

James Reid, Secretary. 

1869. 

Eugene Kelly, President 

William Whiteside, Treasurer. 

Edward Boyle, Secretary. 

1870. 

Charles P. Daly, President. 

William Whiteside, Treasurer. 

Edward Boyle, Secretary. 

1871. 

John R. Brady, President. 
William Whiteside, Treasurer. 
Robert J. Hogget, Secretary. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCBLLAHY 33j^ 

1872-1874. 

John R. Brady, President 

William Whiteside, Treasurer. 

S. O. A. Murphy, Secretary. 

1875. 

Thomas Barbour, President 
William Whiteside, Treasurer. 
S. O. A. Murphy, Secretary. 

1876. 

Thomas Barbour, President 
William Whiteside, Treasurer. 
Eugene B. Murtha, Secretary. 

1877. 

Hugh J. Hastings, President 
William Whiteside, Treasurer. 
Eugene B. Murtha, Secretary. 

1878-1880. 

Charles P. Daly, President. 
William Whiteside, Treasurer. 
Eugene B. Murtha, Secretary. 

1881-1882. 

Charles P. Daly, President. 

William Whiteside, Treasurer. 

John McK. McCarthy, Secretary. 

1883. 

Charles P. Daly, President. 

Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 

John McK. McCarthy, Secretary. 



334 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

1884. 

Charles P. Daly, President. 
Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 
John Savage, Secretary. 

1885-1886. 

Joseph J. O'Donohue, President 

Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 

Francis Higgins, Secretary. 

1887. 

James R. Cuming, President. 

Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 
Henry McCloskey, Secretary. 

1888-1889. 

Joseph J. O'Donohue, President 

Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 

Henry McCloskey, Secretary. 

1890-1891. 

David McClure, President 

Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 

Henry McCloskey, Secretary. 

1892. 

John D. Crimmins, President. 

Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 

Eugene Dumin, Secretary. 

1893-1894. 

John D. Crimmins, President. 

Eugene Kelly, Treasurer. 

Bartholomew Moynahan, Secretary. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 335 

1895-1896. 

James S. Coleman, President. 

John D. Crimmins, Treasurer. 

Bartholomew Moynahan, Rec. Secretary. 

Edward J. McGuire, Cor. Secretary. 

1897-1899. 

Morgan J. O'Brien, President. 

John D. Crimmins, Treasurer. 

Bartholomew Moynahan, Rec. Secretary. 

Edward J. McGuire, Cor. Secretary. 

1900-1902. 

James A. O'Gorman, President. 

John D. Crimmins, Treasurer. 

Bartholomew Moynahan, Rec. Secretary. 

John J. Rooney, Cor. Secretary. 

1903-1904. 

James Fitzgerald, President. 

John D. Crimmins, Treasurer. 

John J. Lenehan, Rec. Secretary. 

William Temple Emmet, Cor. Secretary. 

1905. 

James Fitzgerald, President. 

John D. Crimmins, Treasurer. 

John J. Lenehan, Rec. Secretary. 

William Temple Emmet, Cor. Secretary. 



It may be interesting as supplementing the information 
given on page 107 of " Early Celebrations of St. Patrick's 
Day " to state that early in 1905 the membership of the New 
York Friendly Sons of St. Patrick was still at its full, with 
a waiting list of 81 names; that the assets of the Society 
at existing market values were $63,000, against which there 
were no liabilities, and that $3,000 had been distributed dur- 
ing the year ending Jan. 9, 1905, in charity. 



336 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Extracts From the Records. 

Before taking leave of the Society of the Friendly Sons of 
St. Patrick, New York city, it would seem desirable to pre- 
sent to our readers some interesting extracts from the rec- 
ord book. The books in possession of Dudley Persse, the 
secretary of the Society, were destroyed by a great fire on 
Aug. 12, 1835, and he begins the book, to which we here 
refer, by an account of that event. 

Started in 1836, the book records the minutes of the or- 
ganization down to Feb. 9, 1871. It contains entries by suc- 
cessive secretaries of the Society, the last being by Robert 
J. Hoguet. We are indebted to the book for the following 
interesting extracts relating to the Friendly Sons : 

Joseph Stuart presented a motion, at a meeting, Feb. 27^ 
1862, and B. O'Connor seconded the same, that " Mr. John 
Savage be invited to compile a history of the rise and prog- 
ress of the Society, and the expenses incident to the same to 
be defrayed by the Society." The motion prevailed. 

Secretary William Arnold, of the Friendly Sons, records 
of the anniversary celebration, March 17, 1840, that " At six 
o'clock the members with their invited guests sat down to 
dinner * * * . The festival was graced by the presence 
of more than 100 ladies, who occupied the galleries * * * . 
They retired at an early hour, delighted with all they had seen 
and heard." 

Action on the death of James Reybum, of the Friendly 
Sons, " who had been long a member and president for many 
years," was taken at a meeting held July 24, 1849, ^^ ** Dd- 
monico's Hotel, William street." Joseph Stuart presided and 
paid an eloquent tribute to the deceased. Similar tributes 
were paid by other gentlemen. Appropriate resolutions were 
adopted. 

It was voted, at a meeting held Jan. 31, 1854, " that a com- 
mittee be appointed to report, at the next meeting, the best 



JRISH-AMBRICjSN historical mSCBLLANY UJ 

means to increase the society, and also to report whether the 
interest arising yearly from the Permanent Fund [should] 
be appropriated for some other purpose than for accumula- 
tion; and at the same time, report generally on the finances 
of the society." The committee consisted of John B. Dillon, 
Samuel Sloan, and Robert Hogan. 

On April i8, 1865, ^ special meeting of the Friendly Sons 
was held at Ddmonico's to take action on the death of Abra- 
ham Lincoln, President of the United States. Richard Bell 
presided and touchingly alluded to the sad occurrence which 
had called them together. Appropriate resolutions were 
adopted, following eulogistic remarks by John Savage 
Eugene Kelly, Richard O'Gorman and H. L. Hoguet. A 
committee was appointed " to cooperate with the authorities 
for a proper representation of the Society " at the funeral 

A special meeting of the Friendly Sons was held April 3, 
1841, at which suitable action was taken on the death of 
''William Henry Harrison, late President of the United 
States." It was "Resolved, that this Society unite in the 
funeral solemnities on Saturday next, loth inst." A commit- 
tee was appointed ''to meet the committee on the part of tiie 
Corporation of the City of New York, at the City Hall, on 
Thursday, the 8th inst.," at 12 m. It was also " Resolved, 
that the members of this Society wear the usual badge of 
mourning for 30 days." 

At a collection taken up among the Friendly Sons in 1861, 
" for the relief of the widow of Capt. Haggerty, slain in bat- 
tle," the following gentlemen contributed : Peter Rice, $75 ; 
Daniel Devlin, $75; E. C. Donnelly, $50; William Watson, 
$25; Joseph Stuart, $25; Thomas Barbour, $25; Richard 
Bell, $25; Ed. Boyle, $20; Barth. O'Connor, $15; Hugh Wat- 
son, $10; John B. Fogarty, $10; Ed. J. Wilson, $10. Under- 
neath this list Secretary Thomas Barbour has made these en- 
tries : " Collected, $340." " Paid Mrs. Haggerty, $390." 
This latter entry would seen to indicate that other contribu- 
tions were also received. 



338 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

The Society was inclined, in 1863 and 1864, to build a hall. 
At a meeting it " was proposed by H. L. Hoguet, seconded by 
C. P. Daly, that a committee of seven be appointed to take into 
consideration the propriety of purchasing property, to build 
thereon a national hall, said committee to report at the next 
quarterly meeting." The committee consisted of Richard Bell, 
Joseph Stuart, William Watson, H. L. Hoguet, Daniel Devlin, 
Eugene Kelly, and John Bryan. At a meeting early in 1864 it 
was " Resolved, that the building committee previously ap- 
pointed be reduced to Messrs. Kelly, Watson, and Hoguet, and 
that they report at the next meeting what site can be obtained 
for a building and what it will cost, how it can be paid for, and 
what kind of building it shall be." No reference to the matter, 
however, is found in the records of the " next meeting." 

In 1 85 1 an effort was made to dissolve the Friendly Sons 
and merge the organization in the Irish Emigrant Society. 
At a meeting of the Friendly Sons, on March 6, of the year 
mentioned, R. J. Dillon " addressed the chair at some length 
as to the present situation of the Society, and offered the fol- 
lowing resolution, seconded by Joseph Kemochan : " Re- 
solved, That sixty shares of the Manhattan Co., five shares 
of the American Exchange Bank, and two Treasury notes, 
amounting in all to $3,900, be transferred to the Irish Emi- 
grant Society, and that said society shall, by resolution, 
admit the members of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 
without the payment of initiation fees, who shall in the 
course of one year from this date, sign the constitution of 
the Irish Emigrant Society." When the proposition to 
merge with the Emigrant Society was put to a vote it re- 
sulted: Ayes, 17; nays, 9. Not having received the neces- 
sary three-fourths vote, the measure was defeated. 

At a special meeting held on Jan. 28, 1864, John Savage 
introduced the case of Mrs. Hanson, a niece of Oliver Gold- 
smith, '* who is in advanced age and in a necessitous condi- 
tion," and proposed measures for her relief. On motion of 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 339 

Judge Daly, the committee on charity was instructed to wait 
upon Mrs. Hanson, ascertain if she is a relative of Oliver 
Goldsmith, and if so, to assist her financially. The investiga- 
tion of the case was evidently satisfactory, for we find that 
financial aid was given the lady. At a meeting in March, 
1864, it was proposed that $150 be paid her in quarterly pay- 
ments for one year. An amendment was offered that she be 
paid $200 annually during her life. The amendment was 
lost, and action on the original motion was deferred. At a 
meeting held on Jan. 26, 1865, " it was moved by Mr. 
Hoguet and seconded by Mr. Watson," that the Society 
continue to pay her $16 per month for the year 1865, " as has 
been paid to her for 1864." The motion was lost and the 
matter was laid over. 

At a meeting of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New 
York, April 29, 1861, " It was unanimously resolved that, in 
view of the immense number of Irish volunteering into the 
service of the United States, the sum of $1,500 of the funds 
of the Society be appropriated for the relief of their wives 
and families residing in this city and Brooklyn." The follow- 
ing committee was appointed to superintend the disposal of 
the foregoing donation : Joseph Stuart, Richard Bell, Daniel 
Devlin, Richard O'Gorman, and C. P. Daly. At the same 
meeting a collection, or fund, was " formed by private sub- 
scription, to which the majority of members present con- 
tributed most handsomely, the object being to furnish neces- 
sary equipments of war to a regiment to be commanded by 
our distinguished gxiest, Thomas F. Meagher, and to be made 
up of Irishmen." At a special meeting of the Friendly Sons, 
held in New York, July 30, 1861, the Society appropriated 
$1,000 to assist the families of soldiers of the Sixth-ninth 
New York regiment (Irish) slain or wounded in the battle 
of Bull Run. 

A little controversy appears to have taken place in 1844. 
It was thus referred to at a meeting of the Friendly Sons, 
held April 2, that year : " The letter of the president, and 



340 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

the proceedings of the members of the St. George's Society, 
published in several papers of March 22d last, having been 
read " [at a special meeting] it was " Resolved, That, dis- 
claiming any animadversion upon, or interfering with regard 
to the proceedings of any other friendly association, yet so 
far as the aforesaid proceedings seek to impeach the hospital- 
ity of our late festival, they are, in the opinion of the society, 
not less amusing than uncalled for. That we are surprised 
that gentlemen, having a proper regard for the intelligence 
and patriotism of Irishmen, should attend the National Fes- 
tival and expect that these national sentiments of their coun- 
try should not be expressed. That the request of the presi- 
dent of St. George's Society to the president of our society, 
to change the order of the * * * toasts, or that he 
would * retreat ' from the table, was not less modest than 
unheard of. That the society sincerely regret that the ' love ' 
and * loyalty ' towards the institutions of the British Empire 
and the claim to be considered loyal British subjects, on the 
part of the president and members of the St. George's So- 
ciety, should have induced their representative to * retreat * 
from our late festival, and to deprive us 6f his company. 
That we regret that gentlemen, so eager to express their 
love and loyalty ' to their own land, should deny to Irish- 
men the pleasure of expressing similar sentiments for Ire- 
land at their national festival." It was further resolved by 
the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick " that for the future, and to 
prevent any misconception of our principles, we declare," 
etc. Five articles, or declaration of principles, were then 
adopted. The first declares that " this is a benevolent, pa- 
triotic society, composed of Irishmen of every shade of politi- 
cal and religious opinion — that it is not British, but Iri^; it 
is not political, but national." It was resolved that " in the 
opinion of the society, the conduct of our worthy president, 
James Reyburn, Esq., at the late festival, fully sustains the 
character and duties of an Irish gentleman, and merits our 
unqualified approbation." 



CHAPTER XXVI. 

« 

Splendid Observmnces bf the New York Knights of St Plitri<^— Many 
Distingnished People Take Part— Knights of the Red Branch— Events 1^ 
the Friends of Ireland— St Patridc's Qub and St Patride's Guild- 
Brooklyn Celd)rations. 

• 

Many splendid banquets in honor of St Patrick's Day 
have also taken place in New York dty under the auspices 
of the Knights of St Patrick. This organization was in ex- 
istence for many years and had a large number of prominent 
gentlemen in its membership. 

On March 17, 1864, the Knights dined at the Astor House. 
In its report of the event the New York '' Herald " sayB that 
Mr. Stetson received carte blanche for the getting up of the 
'entertainment, and availed himself to the utmost of the privi- 
lege. Around the large dining-room hung the Bzgs borne 
by the Irish Brigade during the campaign under Gen. 
Meagher. At the east end of the room was suspended a fine 
portrait of Lady Wrixon Beecher — ^formerly Miss O'Neil— of 
theatrical fame. The main tables were each about sixty feet 
long, and at the west end of the room was a somewhat smaller 
one, where the President and invited guests were seated. 
The tables glittered with crystal and silver. Wax tapers in 
gilt candelabra were placed at short intervals along each 
table, between which were appropriate ornamentations of con- 
fectionery or vases of flowers. The band from the U. S. 
S. " North Carolina " furnished music for the occasion, in 
addition to Which was one of Chickering's pianos, where 
Gustavus Geary occasionally presided. Capt. William F. 
Lyons, president of the society, occupied the post of honor, 
and was supported on his right and left by Col. John 
O'Mahoney and Bryan Lawrence. The guests numbered 



342 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

about one hundred and fifty, among whom were Judge 
McCunn, Lieut.-Col. McGee, Captains Mooney, Morris, W. 
Wail and J. Blake, of the Irish Brigade; Lieut. William H. 
Merriam, of Gen. R. S. Foster's staff; James M. Sheehan, 
Samuel Boardman, K. B. Daley, Dr. Camochan, Dr. John 
Dwyer and Dr. Burke and others. Letters were received 
from Gen. McClellan, Horatio Seymour, Richard O'Gorman, 
Archdeacon McCarran, Commander Meade of the " North 
Carolina," and Judge Hearn. Hon. John McKeon communi- 
cated his inability to attend in a very lengthy letter. Toasts 
were responded to by Mr. Butler, ex-president of the society; 
Col. O'Mahoney, Mayor Gunther and others. 

The Knights of St. Patrick, New York, had their fifth an- 
nual reunion, March 17, 1866, at the Maison Doree. The 
exercises took place as usual in the evening. J. H. Harnett 
presided. Among those present were Bryan Lawrence, CoL 
M. T. McMahon, of the Sixty-ninth Regiment, formerly of 
Gen. McClellan's staff ; Capt. W. F. Lyons, J. E. McMasters, 
M. Mehan, A. S. Sullivan, and many other people of note. 
The company numbered about 150. 

On the anniversary, in 1867, the Knights dined at the 
Astor House. William F. Lyons presided, and among the 
guests were Mayor Hoffman, John Francis Mag^ire, M.P. 
for Cork; Brian Lawrence and Fathers Trainor and Barry. 
The occasion was a very enjoyable one. 

In 1868 the annual dinner of the Knights was held at the 
Astor House. Some two hundred persons were present 
John Mitchel presided.. Speeches were made by the chair- 
man, John H. Harnett, Capt. Lyons, Rev. Dr. Burtsell, Rev. 
Dr. O'Leary, Judge Quinn, Judge Connelly, and several 
others. Judge Brady, of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 
was present during the evening. The ever-welcome " Barney 
Williams '* was also introduced. 

The Knights of St. Patrick observed the anniversary in 
1872 by a dinner at Delmonico's. John H. Harnett pre- 
sided. About 250 gentlemen were present. Among the 
guests were Gen. McDowell, Hon. Robert B. Roosevelt, Hon. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 343 

Smith Ely, Hon, John Fox, Gen. McAderas. Mayor Hall, 
Rev. Father Burke, Matthew T. Brennan, Richard O'Gor- 
man, ex-Governor Wise of Virginia, Capt. Barrett, U. S. A. ; 
Oswald Ottendorf er, James Daly and Richard Harnett. 

On the anniversary in 1873 ^^e Knights of St. Patrick held 
their annual banquet at the Metropolitan Hotel, nearly 300 
being present. Richard O'Gorman presided, supported by 
Rev. Father McAleer and Commissioner Bosworth, while the 
list of guests contained the names of ex-Congressman Robert 
B. Roosevelt, J. M. Bellew, Hon. Qarkson N. Potter, Wil- 
liam Felix, M.P., from Mallow, Ireland; Rev. Dr. H. M. 
Thompson, Charles G. Cornell, Rev. Mr. Barry, William J. 
Florence, Berpard Casserly, John V. Harnett, Judge Quinn 
Dr. Camochan, Charles A. Dana, Thomas B. Connery, Judge 
McGuire, John Mitchel, John Mullaly, Clark Luby, Capt. 
Barrett and Anthony Eickhoff. During the evening Dan. 
Br3rant's quartette furnished the musical programme. 

In 1875 the Knights of St. Patrick dined at the Sturtevant 
Among those present were Fernando Wood, S. S. Cox, S. 
Ely, Richard O'Gorman, Mayor Wickham, Justice Shea, 
John Kelly, *' and a host of aldermen, politicians, bankers, 
merchants and other gentlemen. '' Those responding to 
toasts included John R. Fellows, Judge Quinn, Dion Bouci- 
cault, Col. B. G. Willis, S. S. Cox, John Mullaly, Fernando 
Wood, H. D. Perry, and W. Boyle. 

The Knights of St. Patrick in 1876 again dined at the 
Sturtevant House. John Mullaly presided. In his immediate 
vicinity were Dr. Carnochan, Richard O'Gorman, Charles 
A. Dana, Lawrence Barrett, Algernon S. Sullivan, Gen. Spi- 
nola, Henry Hughes, W. F. MacNamara and other people 
of note. 

The Knights dined in 1888 at the Hotel Brunswick. 
President Henry D. Purroy presided over the exercises. 
The attendance was about 280, and included a great many 
people prominent in political, mercantile and professional 
life. 

The Knights of the Red Branch, of New York city, had 



344 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

m 

their first celebration of St. Patrick's Day in 1874. The 
event took place at the Grand Central Hotel. Grand Com- 
mander John W. Goflf opened the exercises. An ode was 
read by John K Moloney. The officers of the Knights, in 
addition to Mr. (joff, were at the time: Vice-Grand Com- 
mander, James T. Maguire; Chronicler, James Fitzgerald; 
Knight of Honor, Augustine E. Costello; Knight Banneret, 
John C. Hannan; Purse Bearer, Daniel Clancy; Master erf 
Ceremonies, Edward A. Hagan; Master at Arms, Peter K. 
McCann; Seneschal, Patrick Cronogue. 



The Friends of Ireland observed the day in 1885 by a dinner 
at Rogers' restaurant in Park place. New York. H. J. Jack- 
son, Superintendent of Castle Garden, presided. There were 
present during the evening Dr. W. B. Wallace, Father Slat- 
tery of the Cathedral, Father Riordan, chaplain of Castle 
Garden; Dr. Ford, Dr. McNamara, Dr. Schultze, Dr. Donlin, 
Dr. Finnel, Paul MacSwiney, the musician, and a number of 
others. 



The St. Patrick's Club of New York held its third annual 
banquet at the Gedney House, March 17, 1886. Justice John 
Henry McCarthy presided, and the occasion was a splen- 
did success. There were addresses by Judge McAdam, 
ex-School Commissioner T. Moriarty, W. H. Wall, John 
Delahanty and M. D. Gallagher. On March 18, 1887, the 
club dined at the Hoffman House. John Henry McCarAy 
presided, and among those present were noticed Roswell P. 
Flower, Gen. Kirwan, Judge David McAdam, Major James 
Haggerty, Thomas Crimmins, Charles A. Dana, ex-Governor 
Leon Abbett, and Judge Edward Brown. 



St. Patrick's Guild, "a recently organized body," had their 
first annual dinner in 1887 ^tt CNeill's, Twenty-second street 
and Sixth avenue. Among the guests were Police Justice 
P. H. Duffy, Police Captains Ryan and Killilea. The presi- 
dent of the Guild at this period was Edward Duffy. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 345 

The St. Patrick's Day parade in New York in 1867 is thus 
described in the New York " Evening Post " : 

The anniversary of Ireland's patron saint was celebrated 
with much enthusiasm to-day by the Irish portion of our 
population. The day was pleasanter than is usually the case 
on the recurrence of this anniversary; and many circum- 
stances combined to make the ceremonies very interesting to 
those participating. The recent attempt at insurrection by 
the Fenians in Ireland has given the members of that organi- 
zation in this country renewed hopes of establishing an Irish 
government, and they are naturally eager to make as strong 
a display of their members as possible. There is also more 
harmony existing among the Irish societies than in former 
years, and this circumstance added to the strength of the 
demonstration. The various trade societies made an impos- 
ing display of members. The American and Irish flags were 
displayed on many buildings, and several of the streets 
through which the procession passed had the appearance of 
a general holiday. The civic procession was composed almost 
entirely of societies belonging to this city, and was very 
strong in numbers. The Laborers' Union Benevolent Soci- 
ety, alone, paraded nearly three thousand men in five divi- 
sions. East Broadway and the neighboring streets were 
thronged at an early hour by persons who were eager to 
view the procession. In the lower part of the city the inter- 
est was equally great, and thousands of spectators lined 
the sidewalks of all the thoroughfares leading to the City 
Hall. 

^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 

Many of the societies had elegant banners, some of which 
were carried on wagons drawn by four and six horses. The 
procession began passing the City Hall at precisely one 
o'clock and did not conclude till ten minutes of three o'clock. 
The organizations were reviewed by Mayor Hoffman in per- 
son. John Francis Maguire, member of Parliament from 
Cork; Richard O'Gorman, Matthew T. Brennan, and the 
members of the Common Council were also present. 



346 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

There was an immense gathering of spectators in front 
of the City Hall. The snow had been removed and thrown 
aside, and the marching in front of the hall was comparatively 
good. It is estimated that there were ten thousand men in 
the procession. The column was headed by the Sixty-ninth 
Regiment, which passed with full ranks. This organization 
was presented with a full stand of colors this morning by 
Mayor Hoffman, on behalf of the city. There were forty- 
four bands of music in the procession; fifty-two elegant ban- 
ners, nineteen of which were drawn in large wagons, and 
seventeen carriages, carrying the officers of societies. The 
most attractive feature of the procession were the companies 
of cadets, which headed nearly all of the temperance orgfani- 
zations. An Irish jaunting car and an Irish pike attracted 
much attention. 

The Day in Brooklyn. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., has also been the scene of many g^eat 
parades, enjoyable banquets and other exercises in honor of 
St. Patrick's Day. We here append brief mention of a few 
of these events : 

The fourteenth annual dinner of St. Patrick's Society 
of Brooklyn took place at Montague Hall, that city, March 
17, 1863. The Brooklyn " Eagle " of March 18, that year, 
stated that " The attendance, we think, was larger than on 
any previous occasion, notwithstanding the fact that a large 
number of Brooklynites who have been for years in the habit 
of attending the dinners of the St. Patrick's Society are ab- 
sent at the war, and the enjoyment was more general than 
we have seen it on any former occasion." There were some 
300 at the dinner. Henry McCloskey presided, and on his 
right and left were the Rev. Mr. Pagan and Mayor Kalb- 
fleisch. During the evening a fraternal telegram was re- 
ceived from the Knights of St. Patrick of New York city, 
which read as follows : 

Chinese Building, New York, March 17, 1863. 
The Knights of St. Patrick send greeting to the St. Pat- 
rick's Society of Brooklyn. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 347 

May the angels of love, harmony and affection descend 
upon the rims of your goblets. The glasses of the Knights 
are full. Will our brothers drink with us? 

John Butler, President 

W. F.' Lyons, Secretary. 

In 1864 St. Patrick's Society of Brooklyn had its fifteenth 
annual dinner at Montague Hall, that city, with an atten- 
dance of about 200. Among those present were Judge Lott, 
of the United States Supreme Court; ex- Aldermen Teman 
and Franks and R. M. Hooley. An excellent band was in 
attendance, the edibles were delicious, the wines admirable, 
and the hours passed swiftly until daylight, when the party 
dispersed. 

The St. Patrick's Society, Broddyn, observed the anni- 
versary in 1865 by a dinner at the Academy of Music, Brook- 
lyn. Ex-Alderman Teman presided, and there were pres- 
ent, among others, Rev. Father Keegan, Judge Lott, Police 
Commissioner Bergen, Hon. Samuel D. Morriss, District 
Attorney Henry McQoskey, John O'Mahoney and John D. 
Hennessey. Among those responding to toasts were Rev. 
Father Keegan, William E. Robinson, Henry McQoskey, 
Alderman Wilson, Thomas Kinsella, William C. Dewitt, Dr. 
Higginbotham, U. S. N., and John Flannaghan. There 
were songs rendered during the evening by a number of gen- 
tlemen present. 

On Monday, March 18, 1872, the New York " Tribune '^ 
announced that the Irish citizens of Brooklyn had made ex- 
tensive preparation for an appropriate celebration that year. 
Twenty-six societies and a troop of cavalry were to partici- 
pate. The procession was to start at 11 a.m., from the junc- 
tion of Union avenue and Grand street, Eastern District, and 
was to be reviewed at the City Hall by the Common Coun- 
cil. John Connors was Grand Marshal. The St. Patrick's 
Society held its annual dinner at the Academy of Music in 
the evening. 

The New York " Evening Post," speaking of the Brook- 
lyn demonstration, March 17, 1873, said: " Brooklyn wears 



348 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

a holiday appearance to-day, for the public buildings. City 
Hall, Court House and places of amusement are covered widi 
flags and streamers of all sizes, while the streets resound with 
the music of brass bands and are alive with men, women and 
children in holiday attire. The members of the various IriA 
societies were early at their meeting rooms this morning and 
donned their regalias ready to take part in the procesrion. 
Banners and flags were taken out, and when all were in readi- 
ness the societies, preceded by bands of music, marched to 
Bedford avenue, near the fountain, the place designated for 
the formation of the line. After a little delay the societies 
took their places in line and started on their march. They 
arrived at the City Hall at about two o'clock, where they 
were reviewed by Mayor Powell, the Board of Aldermen 
and Bishop Loughlin." 

In the same issue, referring to the demonstration in New 
York city, in 1873, the " Post " stated that " In New York 
flags are flying from the City Hall and most of the large 
buildings in the city, and in many instances the Stars and 
Stripes and the green are floating together. Many of the 
hordes attached to the street cars are decorated with minia- 
ture green emblems and, in fact, the prevailing color meets 
the eye in every direction." Grand Marshal Gilligan was 
met at his office, 97 James street, New York, by his aids and 
deputy marshals, where the arrangements were perfected 
Soon after, the Grand Marshal and staff and the Deputy 
Marshal, all mounted, proceeded to Second avenue, where 
the line was being formed. Among the organizations in line 
were twenty-two divisions of the Ancient Order of Hiber- 
nians. The military division was commanded by Col. Cav- 
anagh, and included the Sixty-ninth Regiment, the Legion 
of St. Patrick, the Dungannon Volunteers of '82, and the 
Tipperary Volunteers. 

On March 17, 1885, St. Patrick's Society, of Brooklyn, dined 
at the Mansion House, in that city. William Sullivan pre- 
sided. The occasion was the thirty-sixth birthday of the or- 
ganization. Andrew McLean responded to the toast, ** The 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 349 

President of the United States ; " Mayor Low to " The City 
of Brooklyn." There were other responses by Hon. Calvin 
E. Pratt, H. B. Hubbard, and John Ford. 

March 17, 1892, St. Patrick's Society, of Brooklyn, dined 
at the Assembly rooms, Montague street. The occasion was a 
tremendous success. John W. Carroll, president of the So- 
ciety, occupied the chair. The menus were printed in green, 
music was furnished by an excellent orchestra, and on the 
whole, the affair was one of the most delightful in the annals 
of Brooklyn. Among those seated at the head table were' 
Hon. William McAdoo, Gen. Isaac S. Catlin, Judge U. S. 
Bartlett, Murat Halstead, St. Clair McKdway, W. B. Daven- 
port, and John C. McGuire. There were after-dinner responses 
by the Rev. J. M. Kiely, Hon. Wm. McAdoo, Mayor Boody^ 
Gen. Catlin, Judge Pratt, W. J. Carr and W. B. Davenport. 

The forty-sixth annual dinner of St. Patrick's Society^ 
Brooklyn, was held in the Academy of Music, 1895. Joseph 
A. Kene presided, and there were present among others 
Justice E. M. Cullen, Col. John L. Burleigh, City Treasurer 
John D. Kelley, the Rev. John M. Kiely, President Jackson 
Wallace of the Board of Aldermen, and Counsellor David 
McClure, the latter of New York city. 

The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Brooklyn, observed the 
anniversary in 1893, by dancing and a dinner. The Brooklyn 
" Eagle" stated the next day that " For thirty years this 
organization has enjoyed an existence of more than common 
prosperity and usefulness; for twenty-six years it has con- 
secutively held some such celebration as that which took 
place at Arion Hall last night," March 17. 

Not only has St. Patrick's Day been duly celebrated for 
many, many years in New York, Philadelphia and other large 
places, but in a thousand cities and towns of lesser size, 
throughout the country, similar appropriate exercises have 
taken place. The parades, in honor of the day, at the National 
capital, have been reviewed, from year to year, by the Presi- 
dent of the United States, religious services have been held, 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and, indeed, nothing has been 
left undone to honor the great anniversary. 



CHAPTER XXVII. 

Hon. Theodore Rqosevelt, President of the United States, is a Guest 
of the New York Friendly Sons of St Patrick in 1905— He Receives t 
Great Welcome to the Festivities and Delivers a Spirited Address — Out- 
line of the Exercises. 

Hon. Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States, 
was a guest of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New York 
city, on the evening of St. Patrick's Day, March 17, 1905. 
The occasion was one long to be remembered by all who 
participated. 

The festivities took place at Delmonico's and comprised a 
reception, banquet, and postprandial exercises of great in- 
terest. The gathering was a highly representative one. Hon. 
James Fitzgerald, justice of the New York Supreme Court, 
and president of the Society, presided. 

The New York " Sun" in its report, next morning, of the 
event said: 

" President Roosevelt got the warmest welcome New York 
ever gave him at the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick dinner at 
Delmonico's last night. This is not mere superlative. It is 
the testimony of the Secret Service men, who have nothing 
to do between times at public banquets but take notes. It 
shook at times the sound-seasoned walls of the big dining 
room, and it moved Admiral Lord Beresford of the British 
Navy, who saw the climax from the gallery, to remark: 
* Quite an unusual demonstration !'**** 

" The committee had provided an American flag and an 
Irish flag for each place. The word had been passed around, 
and when they rose to cheer the President every man of them 
waved the two flags. 

** From the gallery the floor was a cauldron of arms and 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3$ I 

colored flags tossing over the white table cloths. Six hun- 
dred men cheered and roared and drowned out the orches- 
tra, which was trying to make " The Star Spangled Banner*' 
heard. 

" President Roosevelt arrived just after half past 6. He 
was hurried up to the coat room, where Justice James Fitz- 
gerald took him in tow and led him to the hall on the third 
floor. Justice Fitzgerald and John Fox stood beside him, 
while he received the members, the Justice introducing them. 
The President said a few words to each of his old friends and 
stopped two or three for a longer chat. 

" But the old, boyish Roosevelt reasserted itself when 
Judge Fitzgerald oflFered his arm and led the way upstairs 
to the banquet hall. As they mounted the stairs, the comet 
of the orchestra played "The Wearing of the Green," accom- 
panied by the tap of the drum. The President grinned and 
waved his hand to the musicians as he entered the hall. 

" From decorations to souvenirs the Friendly Sons had 
done it regardless. The panels of the gold dining room 
carried clusters of American and Irish flags, bound with the 
national arms. Streamers of colored lights, twined with 
green, ran from the comers of the room and met under the 
centre chandelier. Back of the guest table was the Society's 
old painting of St. Patrick. At either side of this was a 
President's flag, and above it was the motto in electric lights, 
" Cead Mile Failte" (a hundred thousand welcomes). The 
guest table was strewn with roses and at the end of each table 
was a bronze harp of Ireland. The souvenirs were, plaques 
of bronze with an ornamental design showing Erin and por- 
traits of Wasfhington and Roosevelt." 

Judge Fitzgerald in the course of his opening address said : 

" We rejoice that we are all Americans, that the glorious 
Republic of the United States is our country; that its flag 
is our flag; Columbia never had and never can have more 
loyal or faithful sons than the sons of St. Patrick. We aim 
to foster and cultivate friendly and fraternal feelings among 
our brethren by keeping alive the traditional virtue of gener- 



352 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

ous and openhanded hospitality for which our progenitors 
have at all times been so universally famed. 

" We labor to keep fresh and bright in the hearts of the 
scattered children of the Gael the golden memories of the holy 
island to whose chiefs and people the good St. Patrick first told 
the beautiful but tragic story of man's redemption so many 
centuries ago. We strive to keep ablaze the embers of her 
hopes deferred. We raise her immortal shamrock from the 
ground and proudly wear and flourish it as the indestructible 
emblem of her unconquerable nationality. 

" To-night we welcome with pride and happiness, after a 
lapse of nearly a century and a quarter, the successor of 
Washington in the most exalted, most powerful and most 
dignified office among all earthly potentialities, the Presi- 
dency of the United States. [Applause and cheers.] We 
recognize and appreciate the great compliment he so gra- 
ciously pays us, and, through us, the people whom we in 
some degree represent. I thank him in your name and ia 
theirs. 

" I give you the toast, * The President of the United States,' 
and I present to you at the same time our President." 

President Roosevelt was received with a storm of applause 
and spoke as follows: 

President's Roosevelt's Address. 

"Judge Fitzgerald, and you, my fellow-members [ap- 
plause], and my fellow- Americans [applause]: I listened 
with the greatest pleasure to the introduction of my good 
and old friend the President of the Society. But he did it 
more than justice when he described the difficulty of my com- 
ing on here. The difficulty would have been to keep me 
away. [Applause.] All I needed was the invitation, I would 
do the rest. [Applause.] 

" It is, of course, a matter of peculiar pleasure to me to 
come to my own city and to meet so many men with whonr 
1 have been associated for the last quarter of a century, for 
it was nearly that time ago, Judge, that you and I first met 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 353 

when we were both in the New York Legislature together, 
and to be greeted by you as you have greeted me to-night. 
I wish to say and express at the outset my special sense of 
obligation — ^and I know that the rest of you will not grudge 
my expressing it — my special sense of obligation to Colonel 
Duflfy and the officers and the men of the Sixty-ninth, who 
were my escort to-day. I shall write to Colonel Duflfy later, 
to give him formal notice, and to ask him to give the regi- 
ment formal notice, of my appreciation, but I wish to ex- 
press it thus publicly to-night. 

" And now before I begin my speech proper, I wish to 
read a telegram which has been handed to me as a sop to 
certain of my well-known prejudices, which has been sent 
up to me by one of the members here to-night, who, when 
he came into the dining-room, was only a father, but who 
at this moment is a grandfather. [Laughter and applause.] 
This telegram runs as follows : 



it f 



Teter McDonnell, Friendly Sons' Dinner, Delmonico's: 
Patrick just arrived. Tired after parade. Sends his re- 
gards to the President. He is the first on record since the 
President attended the Friendly Sons' dinner. He is a fine 
singer. No race suicide in this family. [Prolonged laugh- 
ter.] 'Weight, eight pounds; looks like the whole family. 
The mother is doing well. Robert McDonnell.' 

" And, gentlemen, I want you to join with me in drink- 
ing the health of Patrick, Peter, Robert, and, above all, 
of the best of the whole outfit, Mrs. McDonnell the mother." 
The toast was then responded to, amid cheers, laughter and 
applause, the entire audience rising. 

" Now," continued President Roosevelt, " we will pass 
from the present to the past. The Judge has spoken to you 
of the formation of the Society of the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick in Philadelphia, in Colonial days. It was natural that 
it should have started in Philadelphia and at the time of 
which the Judge spoke. For we must not forget, in dealing 
with our history as a nation, that long before the outbreak 
of the Revolution there had begun in the Colonies, which 



3 54 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

afterwards became the United States, the mixture of races 
which has been and still is one of the most important features 
in our history as a people. 

" Starting early in the eighteenth century, when the immi- 
gration from Ireland first became prominent among the 
stocks that came to this country, the race elements were still 
imperfectly fused, and for some time the then new Irish 
strain was certainly distinguishable. And there was one pe- 
culiarity about these immigrants who came from Ireland to 
the Colonies in the eighteenth century which has never been 
paralleled in the case of any other inmiigrants whatsoever. 
In all other cases since the very first settlement, the pudi- 
ing westward of the frontier, the conquest of the continent, 
has been due primarily to the men of native birth. But the 
immigrants from Ireland in the seventeenth century and 
those alone pushed right through the settled districts and 
planted themselves as the advance guard of the conquering 
civilization on the borders of the Indian-haunted wilderness. 

" This was true in northern Maine and New Hampshire, in 
western Pennsylvania, Virginia and the Carolinas alike. 
And, inasmuch as Philadelphia was the largest city which 
was in touch with that extreme western frontier, it was most 
natural that the Society of the Friendly Sons of St. Patridc 
should first be formed in that city. We had, I wish to say, in 
New York, frequently during Colonial days, dinners of so- 
cieties of the friendly sons of St. Patrick, but apparently the 
society in New York did not take a permanent form ; but we 
frequently had dinners on March 17 of the sons of St. Pat- 
rick here in New York City even in Colonial days. 

" By the time the Revolution had broken out, the men of 
different race strains had begun to fuse together, and the 
Irish among those strains furnished their full share of leader- 
ship in the struggle. Among their number was Commodore 
John Barry, one of the two or three officers to whom our 
infant navy owed most. I had the honor in the last session 
of Congress to recommend that a monument to Barry should 
be erected in Washington. I heartily believe in economy. 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 3SS 

but I think we can afford to let up enough to let that monu- 
ment through. [ Applause. ] 

" On land the men of this strain furnished generals like 
Montgomery, who fell so gloriously at Quebec, and like Sul- 
livan the conqueror of the Iroquois, who came of a New 
Hampshire family, which furnished governors to three New 
England States. In her old age the mother, Mrs. Sullivan, 
used to say that she had known what it was to work hard in 
the fields carrying in her arms the Governor of Massachu- 
setts, with the Governors of New Hampshire and Vermont 
tagging on at her skirts. [Applause.] 

" I have spoken of the generals. Now for the rank and 
file. The Continental troops of the hardest fighter among 
Washington's generals, Mad Anthony Wayne, were re- 
cruited so largely from this stock that Lighthorse Harry 
Lee, of Virginia, the father of the great General Robert Lee, 
always referred to them as "The Line of Ireland." Nor 
must we forget that of this same stock there was a boy dur- 
ing the days of the Revolution who afterwards became the 
chief American general of his time, and, as President, one 
of the public men who left his impress most deeply upon 
our nation, Andrew Jackson, the victor of New Orleans. 
[Applause.] 

" The Revolution was the first great crisis of our history. 
The Civil War was the second. And in this second great 
crisis the part played by the men of Irish birth or parentage 
was no less striking than it had been in the Revolution. 
Among the three or four great generals who led the North- 
ern army in the war stood Phil Sheridan. Some of those 
whom I am now addressing served in that immortal brigade 
which, on the fatal day of Fredericksburg, left its dead clos- 
est to the stone wall which marked the limit that could not 
be overpassed even by the highest valor. [Applause.] 

" And, gentlemen, it was my good fortune when it befell 
me to serve as a regimental commander in a very small war 
— and all the war there was — to have under me more than 
one of the sons of those who served in Meagher's Brigade. 



3S6 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Among them was one of my two best captains, the both of 
whom were killed, Allen Capron and this man Bucky O'Neill 
Bucky O'Neill was killed at Santiago, showing the same ab- 
solute indifference to life, the same courage, the same gallant 
readiness to sacrifice everything on the altar of an ideal, that 
his father had shown when he died in Meagher's Brigade in 
the Civil War. [Applause.] 

" The people who have come to this country from Ireland 
have contributed to the stock of our common citizenship 
qualities which are essential to the welfare of every g^eat 
nation. They are a masterful race of rugged character, a 
race the qualities of whose womanhood have become pro- 
verbial, while its men have the elemental, the indispensable 
virtues of working hard in time of peace and fighting hard in 
time of war. [Applause.] 

** And I want to say here, as I have said and shall say again 
elsewhere, as I shall say again and again, that we must never 
forget that no amount of material wealth, no amount of in- 
tellect, no artistic or scientific growth can avail anything to 
the nation which loses the elemental virtues. If the average 
man cannot work and fight, the race is in a poor way; and it 
will not have, because it will not deserve, the respect of any 
one. [Applause.] 

" Let us avoid always, either as individuals or as a na- 
tion, brawling, speaking discourteously or acting offensively 
towards others, but let us make it evident that we wish peace, 
not because we are weak, but because we think it right ; and 
that while we do not intend to wrong any one, we are per- 
fectly competent to hold our own if any one wrongs us. There 
has never been a time in this country when it has not been 
true of the average citizen, the average American of Irish 
birth or parentage, that he came up to this standard, able to 
work and able to fight at need. [Applause.] 

" And I understand — when I happened to open the pro- 
gramme to-night, I saw that Mr. Clarke was to recite a 
poem; I find it is to be a new poem; but I had hoped at first 
that it was to repeat that first-class poem on " Kelly and 
Burke and Shea." [Applause.] 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 357 

'* But, understand me, gentlemen, the men of Irish birth 
or Irish descent have been far more than soldiers — I will 
not say more than, but much in addition to soldiers. In 
every walk of life in this country the men of this blood have 
stood and now stand preeminent, not only as soldiers, but as 
statesmen, on the bench, at the bar and in business. They 
are doing their full share toward the artistic and literary de- 
velopment of the country, 

" And right here let me make a special plea to you, to 
this society and kindred societies. We Americans take a 
just pride in the development of our great universities, and 
more and more we are seeking to provide for original and 
creative work in these universities. I hope that an earnest 
effort will be made to endow chairs in American universities 
for the study of Celtic literature and Celtic antiquities. [Pro- 
longed applause.] It is only of recent years that the ex- 
traordinary wealth and beauty of the old Celtic Sagas have 
been fully appreciated, and we of America, who have so large 
a Celtic strain in our blood, cannot afford to be behindhand 
in the work of adding to modem scholarship by bringing 
within its ken the great Celtic literature of the past. [Ap- 
plause.] 

" And now, my fellow-countrymen, I have spoken to-night 
chiefly and especially of what' has been done in this nation 
of ours by men of Irish blood. But, after all, in speaking to 
you or to any other body of my fellow-citizens, no matter from 
what old-world country they themselves or their forefathers 
may have come, the great thing to remember is that we are 
all of us Americans. Let us keep our pride in the stocks 
from which we have sprung, but let us show that pride, not 
by holding aloof from one another, least of all by preserving 
the old world jealousies and bitternesses, but by joining in a 
spirit of generous rivalry to see which can do most for our 
great common country. [Applause.] 

** Americanism is not a matter of creed or birth, place or de- 
scent. That man is the best American who has in him the 
American spirit, the American soul. Such a man fears not 



3 $8 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

the Strong and harms not the weak. He scorns what is base 
or cruel or dishonest. He looks beyond the accidents of 
occupation or social condition, and hails each of his fellow- 
citizens as his brother, asking nothing save that each shall 
treat the other on his worth as a man, and that they shall all 
join together to do what in them lies for the uplifting of this 
mighty and vigorous people. In our veins runs the blood of 
many an old-world nation. We are kin to each of these 
nations and yet identical with none. 

" Our policy should be one of cordial friendship for 
them all, and yet we should keep ever before our eyes the 
fact that we are ourselves a separate people with our own 
ideals and standards, and destined, whether for better or for 
worse, to work out a wholly new national type. The fate of 
the twentieth century in no small degree — I ask you to think 
of this from the standpoint of the world. The fate of the 
twentieth century as it bears on the world will in no small 
degree depend upon the type of citizenship developed upon 
this continent. Surely such a thought must fill each of us 
with the resolute purpose so to bear ourselves that the name 
American shall stand as the symbol of just, generous and fear- 
less treatment of all men and all nations. Let us be true to 
ourselves, for we cannot then be false to any man." 






At the close of President Roosevelt's speech there was 
prolonged applause and cheering, the orchestra playing 

The Star-Spangled Banner." The orchestra then played 

The Wearing of the Green," at which there was great 
applause. Then Judge Fitzgerald called on Joseph I. C. 
Clarke, by request of President Roosevelt to recite " Kelly 
and Burke and Shea." The recitation was greeted with pro- 
longed applause. 

Judge Fitzgerald then said : " Gentlemen of the society, in 
consequence of the hour, the President will have to leave us. 
We regret that extremely. We are exceedingly thankful to 
him for the time that he has remained with us to-night, and 
we wish him every good luck and prosperity in the future, 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 359 

and we trust that on many other occasions he will be the 
g^est of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. I ask you now to 
rise and give three louder cheers than any you have given 
to-night, 9o far, for Theodore Roosevelt, President of the 
United States." 

Three hearty cheers were then given, the audience sing- 
ing " For He Is a Jolly Good Fellow." Judge Fitzgerald, 
after some happy compliments to President Roosevelt, said : 
" I have now great pleasure in presenting to respond to the 
next toast, ** Ireland's Revival," Judge Martin J. Keogh. 
[Prolonged applause, the orchestra playing " Mavoumeen," 
the audience joining in the singing.] 

* 

Address By Judge Keogli. 

Judge Keogh spoke as follows : 

" Judge Fitzgerald, Mr. President and gentlemen : At least 
once a year the Irishmen of New York assemble to hear their 
virtues extolled and their few vices defended. I have been 
asked to speak on a new theme, the Irish Revival, not in 
New York — here our activities never slimiber — ^but in Ire- 
land. I have no grievance to bewail, no message of misery to 
deliver. But, like thousands of my race, I see in the Ireland 
of to-day sig^s of an intelligent self-reliance; I see in the 
remnant of the race still left there signs of an awakening, 
spiritual, industrial and racial. They have found an outlook 
as well as a memory; they are facing the future, not in the 
vengeful spirit of the past, but in good heart to reconstruct 
a country that in speech and in spirit shall be Celtic and not 
Saxon; an erect, a self-respecting people whose eyes shall not 
be forever set on the British Parliament, bullying when they 
can and begging when they may, and whose people have less 
political zeal than native spirit. 

" This awakening is most remarkable. No message bore 
it from the great seats of learning; no clear call from great 
leaders of men awakened it; no light appeared in the heavens 
to startle the jaded senses and kindle the imagination of our 



360 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

waiting race. All that was done before with genius and with 
heroism, but this revival is not their fruit. The Gaelic and 
native revival has sprung from the national loins; its life- 
breath is native spirit and its goal is a country Irish and un- 
English in its marrow. It is not political at all, and will cease 
to be national when it becomes political. Nearly all former 
popular awakenings in Ireland were political. Grattan, 
O'Connell, Pamell, each led the people in political struggles. 

" O'Connell led a nation of slaves up to the foot of the 
throne where they supplicated for liberty of conscience. Par- 
nell personified in his weird and majestic leadership the bitter 
hate of a people who felt the lash on their backs and the 
brand of serfdom on their brows, and who fought like ani- 
mals at bay in defence of the hovels that sheltered them and 
the bit of land on which they were bom. But each political 
struggle led the people as mendicants to England, when they 
should have been helping themselves. They were taught 
that the magic of an act of Parliament could satisfy the yearn- 
ings of nationhood and supply the comforts of prosperity. 
Tis true, that even as the lamp of faith was kept burning in 
its holy sanctuary, so, too, was the torch of Irish nationality 
always somewhere kept alive by the few constant hearts who 
worshipped at its shrine. 

" This was the state of affairs not many years ago when 
that most learned, modest and pure Celt, Douglas Hyde 
[applause], founded the Gaelic League, went down to the 
people and found in their hearts the dormant seeds of Irish 
nationality. From small beginnings by leaps and bounds the 
work spread until to-day Gaelic is taught in upwards of 1,600 
schools. The people are brought into vital contact with the 
things about them. They are beginning to think* and to read. 
They are learning in their native publications that they belong 
to an ancient race with a noble history made up of deeds 
greater than fighting and of things higher than the dreary rec- 
ord of political factions and un-Christian religious resent- 
ments. The peasants are being taught once again the tradi- 
tions, the folk lore, the music, the song» the native sports, 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 361 

all of which in times of great political activity were passing 
one by one out of the life of the people. 

'* The land about them, the rivers, the hills, the ruins whidi 
to their melancholy spirit were only land, water and crum- 
bling stones, are to-day associated in the minds of their 
young with delightful legends of a brave, cultured and joy- 
ous race; and with this yearning for knowledge of their 
country and pride in its past, there has come a native call 
from all classes in the land for Irish literature, and that call 
is being splendidly responded to by Lady Gregory, Yeats, 
Russell, Hyde, and a score of others who are making the 
fields ring with Celtic songs and the hillsides echo with their 
melody. [Applause.] The fireside of the peasant is once 
again the nursery of rhyme, and the whole land is throbbing 
with a spirit of native nationality. 

''While all of this is making the old land a pleasanter place 
for the native to live in, he is looking about for work at home 
at which he can earn enough to live in passing comfort, to 
marry and multiply. And with this desire to stay at home 
has come the industrial and ag^cultural revival. The people 
are being taught the uses of co-operation, the rewards of 
industry and self-reliance. The old happy-go-lucky way of 
tilling the soil for the pleasure and hilarity to be derived 
from a sale of its products in the market is abandoned for 
more intelligent and profitable methods. 

" Technical schools are being established throughout the 
land where the youths of Ireland are being prepared for in- 
dustrial life and the whole country is being slowly vitalized 
and emotionalized from the bottom up, because you cannot 
teach an Irishman through his intellect alone, you must 
make a truce with his memories and his emotions; you can- 
not reach his mind in a way that may offend his feeling. The 
work at home is to teach him how to use his serious talents 
without losing his love of the supernatural, his Celtic dreams 
and native sentiment. [Applause.] 

" With all this there is going on the same old battle for 
legislative independence which is waged as courageously and 



36a IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

unselfishly to-day by the representatives of the people as it 
was ever before in the history of the country. The spirit of 
to-day should be to help any one of these works that you 
think well of, but the pity of it must not be that any man or 
band of men shall harm the least good work of another 
who is trying to serve his country by different means. [Ap- 
plause.] 

^* The Irishman in this country who has been successful in 
industrial life can be of enormous advantage and benefit to 
Ireland at the present time, if he will examine into the in- 
dustrial resources of the country and see if capital may not 
safely be invested there. The youth of Ireland will respond 
more freely to American leadership than English leadership, 
and will respond to Irish leadership and enterprise more 
swiftly than to either, and may I say, that it would be a tmique 
result from a St. Patrick night's dinner if some one or two 
wealthy Irish-Americans would find an opportunity for in- 
vesting a part of their fortunes in developing the industrial re- 
sources of Ireland [Applause], and thus help the youth of 
the country in the vital effort they are making to get em- 
ployment in their native land. 

" We dwell too mudi in the ashes of the dead past, recall- 
ing the sufferings of our ancestors, all of which, true, they 
bore with the heroism of stoics and the fortitude of martyrs. 
But does it not occur to us sometimes that our fathers who 
endured all this did so with far less complaint than we do, 
their prosperous descendants ? The memory of those bitter 
days and deeds has fed as with an unholy flame the bitter 
passion of national hate until to-day wherever an Irishman 
lives he exults in England's misfortunes, grieves at her suc- 
cess and prays for her overthrow. Hate is foreign to the Cel- 
tic nature. [Applause.] There is no attribute in it harder to 
foster and easier to efface. How grievous must have been 
the injustice and how bitter the memories to thus chill and 
embitter the genial current of the Celtic soul. The Irishman 
was made for love, for comradeship, for forgiveness. When 
will English statesmen awaken to this common knowledge? 
[Applause.] 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 363 

"The Ireland of to-day is unique; she has faith in her 
star; spurred by the spirit of her past, her people are putting 
their hands with intelligent wit to work about them. In 
olden days they waited while they watched the struggle for 
Home Rule, for a Catholic University and for peasant pro- 
prietary. To-day they are working while they wait. But 
neither by Home Rule nor by peasant proprietors, nor even 
by a Catholic University, can you barter for the submission, 
or satisfy the aspirations of the race. The Ireland of our ideal 
must be something more vital, racial and life-giving than all 
this. 

" The Ireland of to-day is poor, her millions are few, and 
the people are leaving her in thousands; and the question 
is asked : Is it worth while to save the land for those who 
remain; had they not better come here and become prosper- 
ous citizens like you? [Cries of " No, no."] The material 
success gained will be nothing compared to the loss to them 
and to humanity when an ancient and humanizing nationality 
becomes extinct. There is a place yet, thank God, in the 
world for weak and poor nations. A nation with no flag, no 
navy, no army, nor an overflowing treasury can yet give 
mankind something worth living for — ^yes, and things worth 
dying for. [Applause.] 

*' America to-day could better lose half a dozen of her bat- 
tleships — yes, all her battleships — than lose the poetry of 
Longfellow and Whittier; and better lose all her trusts than 
the immortal Declaration of Independence. [Applause.] The 
Irishman at home, tilling his native soil, surrounded by the 
peaceful and spiritualizing influences that are the priceless in- 
heritance of our race, blessed with enough returns for his 
labor to bring up and educate his family ; looking out at the 
close of day on an Irish hillside, or at night surrounded by 
his children, revelling in the legends of the country, all about 
him ; and above all, blessed by God with content, has treasures 
which your money cannot buy, your honors cannot bring, and 
which citizenship even in a great country may not bestow. 
[Applause.] 



364 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

" This was the kind of Irishmen that Ireland sent you fifty, 
sixty, seventy years ago, poor, unlearned, simple, who won 
for us all a warm place in the great heart of the American 
people. With nothing but his strong frame, his clear mind, 
and what Matthew Arnold called ' the magic charm of the 
Celt,' he was happy here without riches, respected without 
office, and his honest toil made easy the possession of the 
soft places of the land for his descendants. [Applause.] 

" And the Irishmen of to-day are noiselessly taking up the 
implements of industry and patiently learning to use them. 
They are putting away the trappings and baubles of politics 
and expelling the demon of religious discord from out their 
unhappy land, and irrespective of creed or class or condition, 
they are being welded into one by the glow of native senti- 
ment; and there, ere long, by intelligent industry, the rivers 
that for ages idly flowed through Irish fields will turn the 
wheels of machinery on their way to the sea; the smiling val- 
leys will repay with abundant crops and flocks the Irishman's 
gladsome toil, and the Celt, facing the morning in the cradle 
of his race will yet come into his birthright. [Prolonged ap- 
plause. ] 

President Fitzgerald : We are going to vary the exercises 
to some extent now, and for the moment suspend the flow of 
oratory of which Judge Keogh has given us such an exam- 
ple, and have a poem read by Mr. Joseph I. C. Qarke which 
has been prepared especially to be delivered on this occasion, 
and which I am sure our guests of the evening will appreciate 
and recognize the incident which is described. 

Mr Clarke's poem was as follows : 

ROUGH RIDER O'NEILL. 

By Joseph I. C. Clarke. 

When the cresset of war blazed over the land. 

And a call rang fierce thro' the West, 
Saying, " Rough Riders, come to the roll of the drum," 

They came with their bravest and best. 



IRISH'AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 365 

With a clatter of hoofs and a stormy hail — 

Sinewy, lean, tall and brown; 
Hunters and fighters and men of the trail. 

From hills and plains, from college and town; 
With the cowboys' yell and the redman's whoop, 

Sons of thunder and swingers of steel; 
And, leading his own Arizona troop, 

Rode glad and fearless " Bucky" O'Neill. 

In the ranks there was Irish blood galore. 

As it ever is sure to be 
When the Union flag is flung to the fore, 

'And the fight is to make men free. 
There were Kellys and Murphys and Burkes and Doyl 

The colonel owned an O'Brien strain — 
And the lift of the race made a glow on each face 

When they met on the Texan plain; 
But the man of them all, with the iron will — 

Man and soldier from crown to heel; 
A leader and master in games that kill — 

Was soft-voiced Captain " Bucky" O'Neill. 

On the watch in the valley or charging the height. 

In a plunge 'cross the steep ravine, 
San Juan or Las Guasimas, battle or fight, 

Or a rusfh thro' the jungle screen, 
Where the wave of the war took the battling host 

The Rough Riders fronted the storm. 
And their dead on the rocks of red glory tossed 

Amid spray with their life-blood warm. 
What wonder, then, holding his chivalrous vow 

To stoop not, nor crouch not, nor kneel, 
That Death in hot anger struck full on the brow 

Of the dauntless " Bucky" O'Neill. 

O, battle that tries out the hearts of the strong. 
To your test he had answered true. 



366 IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 

Who bent not his head and balked but at wrong, 

Nor murmured what billet he drew. 
In the cast of the terrible dice of doom 

It came fair to his hand as well 
To mount the high crest where the great laurels bloom, 

Or to die at the foot where he fell. 
And of such are the victors, and these alone 

Shall be stamped with the hero seal, 
And stirrup to stirrup they'll ride to the throne. 

From the colonel to " Bucky " O'Neill. 

Among the other speakers of the evening was Hon. W. 
Bourke Cockran of New York city, who responded to the toast 
"The Day We Celebrate;" and John J. Delaney, who re- 
sponded to " The City of New York." 

At the close of Mr. Cockran's speech there was a touching 
incident. Judge Fitzgerald rose and said : " Gentlemen, 
fifty years ago to-night the society held its anniversary ban- 
quet at the City Tavern, in this city. The gentleman who 
presided at that banquet as President of the Friendly Sons is 
here to-night. I ask you to drink his health, the health of 
Samuel Sloan." [Applause, the toast being heartily re- 
sponded to.] 



IRISH-AitBRICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



4. Y. FrleadlT Son ol 









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IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



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IRISH-AMBRICAN HISTORICAL UtSCELLANY 







The foregoing is here given in print : 

CHARITABLE DONATIONS BY ST. PATRICK'S SOCIETY. 



Aptl. 



tea: 



Mrs. Murr.ylftih 
Pau, Hagtrly . . , 
EdisondDoyFr.. 



Aon Flupitrlcli ., 

TamnHunlei. ,,, 

Mary Fairy 

Mrs. DnwHin IMh 

Mary Ward',!'.'...! 
MaryDwycr 

las, Berrymeni ... 
SKttaj H. Pfntlan 
Widow Car»n,,,. 
Widow McCandrii 
Widow McClclUn. 
Widow Giabam ., 

Widow Ryan \.\.'. 
Widow McCiellaii 

Parroll!!!!'.!! 

AdbcNUh 

Mn. Laurence... 
Widow KnllnE ,, 
Widow Robinion . 
Um«Hunl«,., , 
Widow Bryan 



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368 




IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 




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aUSH-AMBRtCAS HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 







The foregoing is here given in print : 
CHARITABLE DONATIONS BY ST. PATRICK'S SOCIETY. 



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HUBll McLaDRhlin 

John Wood 

Widow Bttdc 

Mn.Ktrk 

Ann Fiupauick 

Catherine HooDl 

WlllLiD Andenon 

MaryMcMabon. 

Tom Rablnnn.. 

Ann FHioi trick 

MurMcTleraan 

Elltth HBBBcny 

Mn, MurraVlMh MayV 
Patr.Hagerly ■■■ 

EiiS-°Myi^!!':::;:::: 

Mary 'Turbesa 

MuT Carroll . . 

Edmoni Dwyer 

Hugh Nlibeit 

Widow Roblnwn 

¥ia.H%™.'.'.'.'.\'.'.'.'.'. 

Anne Kirk 

Anne Flltpairick 

Mary Glen 

KlltUi. Haseny 

Cachn. Lambert 

Carried fonran). . 



MarrBeim 

Saru Brownley. . . 
UmeaHonttr- ... 

Mary Foley 

tin. Damon (6th May) 
Widow Byrne 

Af^Kl""!.".'..' 

Marr Ward 

M»rrDwyer 

Sarah Daiuon 

lu. BcrryiBent .... 
Henry tf. Pentland 

Widow Cuiaa 

Widow MeCandHn 
Widow McClelland 
Widow Graham ... 

Widow Ryan 

Widow Ryan 

Wm. Mol&tt 

Widow McClelland 
Ja*. Berryman 

Anne Nils, !!!'.!!!! 

Mn. Linrencc 

Widow KollnB ... 
Widow Roblnaon .. 

tamea Hunter 

Widow Bryan 

Carried [orwai 



370 



IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORICAL MISCELLANY 



At the Anniversary Meeting and Dinner of the Society of the Friendly 
Sons of St Patrick, held in the " Carleton House " on St. Patrick's day, 
the 17th day of March 1838. The following members sat down to dinner. 

C P White Prcsidt 
Robt Hogan ist Vice Prt 
Jas. Reybum 2d Vice Prt 
Arthur Stewart Treasr. 
Dudley Pcrsse Secy. 



Members 



M Maxwell 
S Osborne 
Geo McBride 
Geo Harum 
John Maxwell 
John Caldwell 



W Redmond 



John McGloin 
Dct Arnold 
J C Burckman 
R J DUlon 
J Millar 
Jacob Hanrey 



The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved 

At 6 o'clock the Society sat down to dinner provided l^ Mr Milford. 

The following Gentlemen, Guests of the Society were present : Mr. Had- 
den Prest of St Andrew's Society. Mr Barclay Prest of St George, Mr 
Hoxie Prest of New England, His Honor the Mayor, the Revd. Messrs. 
Kelly & Dewey, Mr Kerr of London & Judge Benson of the St Nicholas 
Society. 

The dinner was served in excellent style and the members and their 
friends spent the Evening socially and pleasantly, enlivened occasionally by 
several favourite Irish Airs. Many Patriotic Toasts were introduced, 
with suitable observations, and received with acclamations. 

Several original and appropriate songs were sung in the course of the 
Eveg. and received with much approbation. 

The President having left the Chair and other Gents withdrawing this 
meeting of the Society adjourned at ^ past 11. OClock. 



D. Persse, 



Secty. 



SOME BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



INTERESTING MENTION OF SOME FIVE HUNDRED 
PEOPLE OF NOTE— MUCH ENTERTAINING 

HISTORICAL DATA. 

Much interesting and valuable biographical and historical 
material will be found in the following sketches, the result of 
original research, for the present volume. Here is given 
a fund of information relating to early Irish settlers in 
this country as well as to those who came at later periods. 
For over 500 other biographical sketches, see the volume on 
" Early Celebrations of St. Patrick's Day." 



Adams, John, an Irishman who became prominent as a dry- 
goods merchant in New York; was president of the Fulton 
bank ; married a daughter of John Glover, of New York. In 
1845-6 Adams was estimated to be worth $300,000. 

Alley, Saul, a member of the N. Y. Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick, as early as 1835, was bound, when a small boy, ap- 
prentice to a coachmaker. During his apprenticeship his 
father died and left him totally dependent on his own exer- 
tions. The very clothes he wore he was obliged to earn by 
toiling extra hours, after the regular time of leavmg work 
had passed. The foundation of his fortune he acquired by 
the exercise of frugality and prudence while a journeyman 
mechanic. In 1845-46 he was estimated to be worth $250,000. 
He was bom in Providence, R. L, where he learned the trade 
of cabinetmaker, and subsequently carried on the business 
at Charleston, S. C, where he failed through the fault of his 
partner. Mr. Alley later came to New York and undertook 
a commission business in cotton and domestic goods. His 



372 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

creditors at Charleston, having confidence in him, were his 
first patrons, and among them Mordecai Cohen, a rich Jew. 
In a few years he paid his creditors, and by business tact, in- 
tegrity and industry amassed wealth. He was an example of 
a man of strong mind pushing his way through the world 
without the benefits of education to start with, and under 
many difficulties. 

Armstrong, Capt. James, of Irish birth or descent; served 
in the Legion of "Light Horse" Harry Lee, in the Revolution* 
He enlisted from Pennsylvania and was later a member of the 
Society of the Cincinnati. 

yyv Bacon, Michael, came from Ireland about 1640, and settled 

in Dedham, Mass. An extract from the Dedham records thus 
reads : ** Agreed vpon that the Towne of Dedham shall enter- 
teyne mr Samuell Cooke together wth his estate. And also mr 
Smith & mr Bacon all from Ireland & afford to them such 
accomodacons of vpland & medowe as their estates shall 
Requicr." 

Barbour, Thomas, was bom July 14, 1832, in the old family 
residence of Hilden, in Ireland. He became an American citi- 
zen in 1849. ^^ ^^3 ^ ™^^ genial in bearing and the very 
embodiment of hospitality and kindness. When any question 
arose demanding unusual energy he was never found unequal 
to the emergency of the case. He manifested a force and vigor 
of character difficult to oppose. He persistently refused public 
position, but was connected intimately with many public and 
private enterprises of importance. He was a member of the 
Committee on Revenue Reform of the New York Chamber of 
Commerce, and is widely known in this country in connection 
with his successful defense of his firm and government on the 
infamous moiety system, and was recognized as the one who, 
by his personal sacrifices and exertions, caused the abrogation 
of the law which offered a fifty per cent, premium on official 
irregularity and imposition. He delivered a forcible and prac- 
tical speech on the subject before the New York Chamber of 
Commerce in 1874, and on the following evening in Steinway 
Hall, at a special meeting called for that purpose. Mr. Bar- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 373 

hour subsequently proceeded to Washington and procured the 
passage of the bill abrogating the moiety system. Upon a 
subsequent visit to Belfast, Ireland, on October 29, 1874, he 
was tendered a public banquet by the merchants of Belfast 
and the province of Ulster, at which the Lord Mayor pre- 
sided, in recognition of the important service he had rendered 
to the importing trade of New York and capitalists in breaking 
•down a system so unjust in principle. Mr. Barbour was the 
first president of the Board of Trade, Paterson, N. J. ; a direc- 
tor of the Hanover National Bank, a director of the Guardian 
Fire Insurance Company of New York, and a director of the 
Paterson & Ramapo Railroad Company. He was president of 
the Bedford Manufacturing Company, of Newark, N. J., and 
for ten years a director of the Clark Thread Company, New- 
ark, N. J. He owned a large amount of property in Paterson, 
N. J., including a fine residence on the corner of Straight 
street and Broadway ; his summer residences were the Brook- 
side farm at Preakness and Warren Point, N. J. At the latter 
place, on different occasions, he entertained Gen. Grant and 
other prominent citizens of this country. He was always 
regarded as one of the most liberal-minded and public-spirited 
citizens of Paterson. His death occurred at the family home- 
stead in Ireland, January 19, 1885, and was lamented by all 
who had ever had the pleasure of his acquaintance. Mr. 
Barbour was president of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 
New York City, 1875 and 1876. 

Barrett, Patrick, captain in the Seventy-second Regiment, 
N. Y. Vols., in the Civil War; killed, May 6, 1862. 

Barry, Daniel, born in Ireland about 1821-22; his father was 
Thomas Barry. When about six months old, Daniel was 
brought to this country by his parents, the family settling in 
Cincinnatus, Cortland county, New York. Daniel engaged in 
farming and school teaching, and was a man of sturdy char- 
acter and splendid mental power. He married Julia Hinman. 
With the exception of a few years spent in New York city, the 
greater part of his life was passed on his property in Cortland 
county. He died at the residence of his son, M. D. Barry, 
Yonkers, N. Y., in 1892, being then about 70 years of age. 



374 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Daniel had a brother, who was at one time a member of the 
Assembly of the State of New York. 

Barry, Capt. Patrick. He is believed to have been related to 
John Barry, the distinguished naval officer. According to 
Griffin's work on " Commodore John Barry" (Philadelphia, 
Pa., 1903), Patrick died prior to April 4, 1780. John was ad- 
ministrator of the estate. On May 30, 1780, a notice appeared 
in the "Pennsylvania Packet," in which " All persons indebted 
to the estate of Capt. Patrick Barry, deceased, are requested 
to make immediate payment, and all those that have any de- 
mands upon said Estate are desired to bring in their accounts 
properly attested." 

Barry, Thomas, of Albany, N. Y., in 1793. He wrote that his 
" New, elegant house was destroyed by fire," and solicited the 
help of friends to enable him to rebuild. Griffin states that 
" this Thomas Barry was one of the founders of the [Catholic] 
Church in Albany. On September 13th, 1797, he laid the cor- 
ner-stone of the first Catholic church in that city, " one of the 
rare instances of a layman performing such a ceremony." 

Beers» Robert, an Irishman. He was slain by the Indians 
" y* 28 March, 1676." The tragedy occurred at " the ring of 
the town " within the limits of what is now the town of East 
Providence, R. I. Beers was a brickmaker by occupation. 

Bennet, James Arlington, was a self-made man and a ripe 
scholar, but the principal part of his property was derived 
from his lectures on bookkeeping and his work on the subject, 
published by the Harpers. His lectures on bookkeeping, we 
are assured, produced upwards of $90,000. He was a Coun- 
sellor at Law and a Doctor of Medicine, a graduate of the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York city. He 
was a native of Ireland, but came to this country very young 
and was educated here. He was an officer of artillery in the 
United States Army during the war of 1812, and delivered 
his first lecture on bookkeeping in Albany. 

Binns, John, a protninent member of the Society of United 
Irishmen. He came to this country and located at Northum- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 37S 

berland, Pa., later removing to Philadelphia; became a suc- 
cessful journalist, and took an active part in political move- 
ments. His death took place at Philadelphia about 1855. 

Birchy George L., a native of Limerick, Ireland; born Au- 
gust 15, 1797. In 1798 he was brought to this country by his 
parents. They first located in Providence, R. I., later remov- 
ing to Brooklyn, N. Y. In due time George L., the son, was 
apprenticed to Arden & Close, New York shipping merchants. 
Later, he was first clerk for the Columbian Insurance Co. 
This company subsequently dissolved, whereupon Birch be- 
came cashier and business manager of the "National Advocate." 
This was a Democratic paper, the editor of which was M. M. 
Noah. Birch later formed a partnership with Noah to conduct 
a printing establishment. On March 17, 1821, Birch issued the 
initial number of the " Long Island Patriot," a weekly paper. 
He was made postmaster of Brooklyn, December 31, 1821, 
and held the position four years. He established the "Minerva," 
a monthly, in New York City, 1822. He was a member of the 
Mechanics' Society of New York, the Tradesman's Society of 
Brooklyn, the Erin Fraternal Association of Brooklyn, and 
of other organizations. He became librarian and custodian of 
the U. S. Naval Lyceum at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and 
was an incumbent of that position when he died, July 27, 
1864. 

Blair, Rev. John, born in Ireland, 1720; became pastor of 
the Church of Good Will, "in the province of New York," 
1 771 ; was at one time professor of Divinity " in Jersey Col- 
lege." 

Blennerhasset, Harman, though bom in England belonged 
to a wealthy Irish family. His birth took place while his 
mother was on a visit to England. He was graduated from the 
University of Dublin, and became a lawyer. He wedded Miss 
Adeline Ag^ew, a granddaughter of Gen. AgneW, who was 
with Wolfe at Quebec. Blennerhasset being in principle a 
republican, and not a monarchist, disposed of his property and 
came to America, landing at New York, where he was cor- 
dially received by the leading families. About 1798 he settled 



</ 



376 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

on a small island, which has since been called Blennerhasset's 
Island, in the Ohio River, near Marietta. He there erected a 
mansion, constructed gardens and conservatories, and dis- 
played other attributes of a refined taste. His memory was 
such that it was said he could repeat the whole of Homer's 
Iliad in the original Greek. Blennerhasset was associated with 
Burr, but it is thought that at the time of joining the latter he 
was not aware of the full nature of the conspiracy contem- 
plated. He and Burr were arrested. Burr having been ar- 
raigned, tried and acquitted, Blennerhasset was not brought 
to trial but was released. In the meantime Blennerhasset's 
beautiful home had been sold by creditors. He died at Guern- 
sey, Channel Islands, February i, 183 1. Mrs. Blennerhasset 
was beautiful and accomplished. It is said of her that " she 
was gay and dressy, and an elegant dancer. She was fond of 
walking and riding. She was also a splendid equestrienne, and 
was accustomed to ride attired in a scarlet riding-dress, and 
made her horse leap fences and ditches with ease." 

Boies, James, born in Ireland, 1702; died in Milton, Mass., 
1798; manufacturer and man of affairs. He was at one time 
engaged in " bringing emigrants from Ireland to New Eng- 
land." Writing in 1749-50 from Cork, Ireland, to Samuel 
Waldo, of Boston, Mass., Boies says : *' My business here is 
to carry Passengers & Servants," meaning, of course, to Amer- 
ica. He requests that letters be sent him "to y* care of m' 
Winthrop, merch* in Cork." He later eng^gfed in the manu- 
facture of paper near Boston. His son, Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
graduated from Harvard College, 1793. 

Boucicault, Dion, a distinguished dramatist, manager and 
actor. He was born at Dublin, Ireland, December 26, 1822, 
and died at New York, September 18, 1890. He was well 
known on both sides of the Atlantic. Among his plays are 
"London Assurance" (1841); "Old Heads and Young 
Hearts" (1843); "Colleen Bawn " (i860); "Arrah-Na- 
Pogue " (1865 ; " Version of Rip Van Winkle " (1865) ; " The 
Shaughraun" (1874). A share in " London Assurance" was 
claimed by Brougham. 

Brady, John R., an eminent lawyer and judge. He was a 



/ 

( 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 37 J 

native of New York City, born 1821, a son of Irish parents, 
who came to America in 1812. They ^rst settled in Newark, 
N. J. They removed to New York city in 1814, and thereafter 
resided there. John R. Brady's father, Thomas Brady, " was 
a man of culture and refinement, and was noted for his varied 
intellectual acquirements." He educated his two sons, John 
R. and James T., both of whom were admitted to the Bar. 
John R. Brady, the subject of this sketch, was elected Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas about 1855, ^^^ ^^s re-elected. 
He was later elected to the Supreme Bench. His first term 
as Judge of the Supreme Court ended in 1887, and he was re- 
elected to the position. He was assigned in 1872 to be a gen- 
eral term judge, and died while holding that position. " Had 
he lived but a few months longer, he would have retired, hav- 
ing reached the constitutional age of seventy, and would also 
have completed the last term of fourteen years, for which he 
was elected to the Supreme Court. His career on the bench 
covered a period of over thirty-five years." He married in 
1863 Katherine Lydig, daughter of the late Philip M. Lydig. 
Judge Brady was a founder of the Manhattan Club. He died 
March 16, 1891. 

Brady, William V., mayor of New York City, 1847-8 ; bom 
in Harlem, N. Y., in 181 1, and died August 31, 1870. In 1842 
he was elected assistant alderman of the 15th Ward, and was 
subsequently chosen alderman, and continued in office until 
1847, when he was elected mayor, to succeed Mr. Havemeyer. 
Among the aldermen who served during Mayor Brady's term 
of office were James Kelly and Thomas McElrath, and among 
the assistant aldermen at the same period were Dennis Mul- 
lins and Dennis CaroHn. Mr. Brady was elected mayor by the 
Whigs. On the election of Gen. Taylor to the Presidency, 
Mr. Brady was made postmaster of New York, which posi- 
tion he retained until the close of President Taylor's ad- 
ministration. He then retired from political life. He was a 
director of the Mutual Life Insurance Co. In 1852 he was 
one of the originators of the Continental Fire Insurance 
Co. In 1864 he assisted in organizing the Widows* and Or- 
phans' Benefit Life Insurance Co., of which he was elected 
president. 



37^ BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Brennaxiy Owen W., was a harbor master in New York City, 
1848. His district extended from the Battery up the North 
River, " to North side of Pier 12, at the foot of Albany St" 
He resided at 88 Elm street. 

Brougham, John, actor and dramatist ; bom at Dublin, Ire- 
land, May 9, 1814; died at New York, June 7, 1880. He was 
graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, Charles Lever, the Irish 
novelist, being one of his classmates. Brougham studied 
medicine but never practised. His leaning to the stage was so 
strong that he finally adopted the latter profession, and made 
his debut in London, 1830. He came to the United States in 
1842, and made his debut here at the Park Theatre, New York 
City, taking the part of Tim Moore in " The Irish Lion." He 
became a great favorite. He was the founder of Brougham's 
Lyceum, which was afterwards conducted by Lester Wal- 
lack; then tried the Bowery, subsequently Fisk's Fifth Ave- 
nue, but it is said " lost money in every venture. He produced 
many plays, some good short stories, burlesques and adapta- 
tions, and was an elegant, graphic and natural writer and con- 
structor." He went to London in 1861, played a successful 
engagement, and later returned to New York. Misfortune, 
however, met him ; the bank in which he had deposited money 
failed and swept away all his savings. Added to this, his health 
was fast becoming impaired. His friends, however, came to 
his assistance, got up a splendid benefit, in which many dis- 
tinguished actors took part, and which netted him $10,000. 
But he did not live long to benefit by this kindness, for he died 
in June, 1880. 

Brown, Alexander, is stated to have been implicated in the 
Irish rebellion of 1798; came to America, locating at Balti- 
more, Md. He was the founder of the house of Alexander 
Brown & Sons, Baltimore. Up to the war of 1812 the business 
of the house had been largely with Ireland. Alexander had 
two sons, William and James, who became prominent in the 
business world. 

Brown, Andrew, a native of Ireland, born about 1744. He 
was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, came to this country. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 379 

and fought in tht patriot ranks at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
In 1777 he was made Muster-Master-General in the Patriot 
army. He died at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1793. 

Brown, Rev. Marmaduke, rector of Trinity Church, New- 
port, R. I. He was a native of Ireland. In 1763 he estab- 
lished at Newport a school for negro children. He is men- 
tioned in the charter of Brown University as a member of 
the first board of Fellows. He had a son, Arthur, who was 
a senior Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, and a member of 
the Irish Parliament. 

Bryan, Alexander, *' from Armagh, in Ireland " ; a settler at 
Milford, Conn., as far back as 1639. In 1661 he bought of the 
Indians the last twenty acres they owned on Milford Neck. 
He paid them therefor 6 coats, 3 blankets, and 3 pairs of 
breeches. 

Bryan, Hon. George, a native of Dublin, Ireland ; first gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania after the adoption of the Federal Con- 
stitution; died in 1791. 

Buchanan, James, President of the United States ; born at 
Stony Batter, Franklin County, Pa., April 22, 1791 ; died at 
Lancaster, Pa., June i, 1868. He served in both branches of 
Congress. President Jackson sent him on a special mission to 
Russia, and he became Secretary of State in the cabinet of 
President Polk. President Taylor appointed him U. S. Am- 
bassador to London. Buchanan was inaugurated President of 
the United States in March, 1857. He has left this statement : 
" My father, James Buchanan, was a native of the county Don- 
egal, in the Kingdom of Ireland. His family was respectable ; 
but their pecuniary circumstances were limited. He emi- 
grated to the United States before the date of the Definitive 

Treaty of Peace with Great Britain ; having sailed from 

[no port stated] in the brig " Providence," bound for Philadel- 
phia, in 1783. He was then in the 22d year of his age." 
(Quoted in George Ticknor Curtis' Life of James Btichanan, 
President). 



^ 



380 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Burky John Daly, publisher of the first daily paper in Bos- 
ton, Mass. He had been expelled from Trinity College, Dub- 
lin, for his patriotic sentiments, and came to America. His 
Boston paper was named the "Polar Star and Daily Advertiser." 
Copies are still in existence. Leaving Boston, he came to 
New York city, and published "The Time-Piece" here. He sub- 
sequently located in Virginia, and wrote a history of the latter. 
He was killed in 1808, as the result of a duel with Felix Co- 
quebert, originating in a political dispute. 

Burke, Aedanus, an American jurist and political leader. 
He was a native of Galway, Ireland, and was born June 16, 
1743. He died at Charleston, S. C, March 30, 1802. In 1778 
he became a judge of the Supreme Court of South Carolina, 
and was later, 1789-91, a member of Congress from that 
State. 

Burke, Charles, a talented comedian, bom in Philadelphia, 
Pa., March 27, 1822 ; died at New York, November 10, 1854. 
He was the son of Thomas Burke, an Irish actor, and Cornelia 
Thomas, who subsequently married Joseph Jefferson. 

Burke, Edward, a lieutenant of marines during the Revolu- 
tion ; served aboard the ship " Columbus," of the Continental 
Navy, having entered on December 29, 1776. 

Burke, Joseph, a violinist, " known in earlier life as the cele- 
brated Master Burke." There are numerous portraits of him 
in collections in New York City. He was also an actor of 
note ; came to America. His second appearance on the Amer- 
ican stage was at the Park Theatre, New York City, Novem- 
ber 24, 1830, when he took part in " Speed the Plough *' and in 
the farce "Whirligig Hall," assuming six characters. At a 
performance, presumably in Scotland, in 1826, Burke took so 
many parts that he has been described as very nearly the 
whole thing." On that occasion he enacted two characters, 
sang a duet with Miss Holdaway, performed on the violin, 
led the orchestra, danced the French ballet, sang ' Little 
Burke,' descriptive of his own progress on the stage; also 
sang (in Highland costume) * Scots wha hae wi' Wallace 



4i 
4i 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 381 

bled/ and ' Willie Brew'd a Peck o' Maut/ and ' All this 
from a young gentleman of the mature age of seven years/ " 

Burke, Martin, a gallant officer in command, under Gen* 
Scott, of Fort Lafayette, New York hart^or, during the Civil 
War. '' Gen. Scott, when he sought to enforce discipline in 
sport or seriousness, seldom failed to cite the name of Martin 
Burke as a supreme exemplar of obedience." Burke be- 
came consecutively captain, major, lieutenant-colonel, and 
colonel. 

Burke, Thomas, a patriot of the Revolution, was a native of 
Ireland. Early in life he came to Virginia, and in 1774 settled 
in Hillsborough, N. C. He was a lawyer, a member of the 
Provincial Congress, in 1776, and of the Continental Congress 
from 1777 until 1781. He was then chosen governor of North 
Carolina. He was captured by Fanning, the rabid Tory, was 
sent to Charleston, and kept under close guard upon John's 
Island. He finally escaped, and in 1782 resumed the discharge 
of his duties as governor. He passed away at Hillsborough, 
N. C, in 1783. His father was Ulick Burke, of Galway, Ire- 
land. 

Burke, Thomas, an Irish actor. He appeared in New York 
City in 1813. There is a portrait of him engraved by 
J. W. Steel. His son, Charles Burke became a prominent 
comedian. 

Burke, William, was appointed early in 1776 to the com- 
mand of the " Warner," one of the first four vessels of the 
American navy under the new establishment. The three other 
vessels were, the " Hancock," Capt. Manly ; the " Lynch," 
Capt. Ayres, and the " Harrison," Capt. Dyer. 

Burnet, Major Robert, a patriot officer of the Revolution. 
His father was a native of Scotland, his mother a native of 
Ireland. At the time of Arnold's defection, Major Burnet was 
a lieutenant, and was in command of Redoubt No. 3, at 
West Point. When the Americans took possession of New 
York City, on the day of the British evacuation, Burnet com- 



382 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

manded the American rear g^ard. He was present at 
Fraunces' Tavern when Washington took final leave of his 
officers. 

Bums, David, lieutenant-colonel commandant of a regiment 
in Orange County, N. Y., 1790, and for some years after. 

Bums, Luke, cordwainer; a resident of Providence, R. L 
He died in 1788, and Jonathan Green, " living near the Mill- 
Bridge," in Providence, was made administrator of his estate. 

Bums, Michael W., major in the Seventy-third Regiment, 
N. Y. Vols., in the War of the Rebellion ; participated in the 
Seven Days' fight ; complimented for bravery by Gen. Hooker 
and other officers; was subsequently promoted lieutenant- 
colonel, and in 1865 brevet colonel. 

Butler, James, came from Ireland about 1653, and became 
the largest land owner in what is now Worcester County, 
Mass. He died at Billerica, Mass., 1681. His son, John But- 
ler, was the first child of Irish parentage bom in Wobum, 
Mass., and John was the first settler of what is now Pelham, 
N. H., and lies buried there. A monument was erected to 
his memory on " Pelham Green," in the centre of the town of 
Pelham, in 1886, by his descendants, some 1,200 being present 
at the dedication in June of that year. 

Butler, Pierce, born in Ireland, 1744; died at Philadelphia, 
Pa., 1822. He entered the British army ; became successively 
lieutenant, captain and major, resigning before the Revolution 
and settling in South Carolina. In 1788 he was member of the 
Convention which framed the Federal Constitution, and was 
a U. S. Senator from South Carolina in 1789-96 and in 1802-4. 

Butler, Thomas, a native of Kilkenny, Ireland, bom in 1720 ; 
came to America and was the founder of a distinguished 
family. Five of his sons — Richard, William, Thomas, Perci- 
val (or Pierce), and Edward — ^attained much prominence. The 
three first were bom in Ireland; the two others in Pennsyl- 
vania. All these sons were officers in the Revolution. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 383 

Byrne, James J., colonel of the Eighteenth New York Cav- 
alry in the Civil War. He was at one period on the staff of 
Gen. Davidson, and '* greatly distinguished himself by in- 
dustry and gallantry " in operations from Baton Rouge to Pen- 
sacola. Most of the officers of the Eighteenth were from New 
York City, and included (in addition to Col. Byrne) Lieut.- 
Col. John Tracey, Jr., Major Edward Byrne and Major John 
Ennis. 

Byrne, John, a printer in Norwich, Conn., 1790. He went to 
Windham, Conn., where he published the " Phoenix " or Wind- 
ham "Herald." In 1795 he was postmaster of Woodstock, 
Conn., and in 1807 was a member of the Aqueduct company of 
Windham. 

Byrne, Oliver, a distinguished engineer and mathematician. 
Thomas D'Arcy McCree, in his " History of the Irish Settlers 
in North America" (Boston, 1851), says: "Oliver Byrne of 
New York, the distinguished engineer and mathematician, has 
done more than any other man to infuse into his emigrant 
countrymen a military spirit." 

Byrne, Patrick, came from Dublin, Ireland, about 1768, and 
settled in Philadelphia, Pa., where he became prominent as a 
publisher and bookseller. He died in 1808, aged 74 years. 
One of his daughters was married in Philadelphia, 1804, to 
Dr. Edward Hudson, who had been one of the United Irish- 
men. 

Cahill, Rev. Dr. D. W., a Roman Catholic priest, son of an 
engineer and surveyor in Ireland. It is thought " that his 
father intended him either for his own profession or for the 
army. And indeed as regards physique, spirit and nobility of 
presence, it would not be easy to find better material for a 
soldier." Dr. Cahill was eloquent and forceful. A biographer 
states of him that " strength of conviction, strength of prin- 
ciple, strength of purpose, combined with childlike simplicity 
and singular benevolence, seem to be the ruling traits of his 
character. * * * The numberless episodes of Irish trial 
and suffering would reflect the sagacity, almost prophetic, of 



384 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

the sermons, lectures and speeches of Cahill during the famine 
period, with all its attendant horror and disappointment" 
Dr. Cahill went from Ireland to England, and from 1851-1855 
spent his time almost entirely in the latter country. He made 
his first public appearance in America early in i860 at the 
Academy of Music, New York, where he was greeted by a 
great audience. He was introduced by Archbishop Hughes. 
Dr. Cahill's passing away was deepely mourned on both sides 
of the Atlantic. He was buried in Holyhood cemetery, Brook- 
line, near Boston, Mass., where his remains reposed for many 
years. Some years ago his remains were exhumed and taken 
to Ireland, where they now rest in his native soil. 

Caldwell, Rev. James, patriot of the Revolution. His parents 
came from County Antrim, Ireland. James was bom in Vir- 
ginia, 1734; became pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, 
Elizabeth, N. J., and was installed in March, 1762. He was an 
ardent supporter of the cause of Liberty, and from his congre- 
gation went forth some forty commissioned officers and pri- 
vates to fight in the patriot ranks. He himself served for a 
period as a chaplain of the New Jersey Brigade, and was also 
for a time assistant commissary-general. In 1780 he was 
chosen a member of the State Council. On November 24, 
1781, he was shot dead, "without any provocation," by a 
supposed British sympathizer. It was generally affirmed that 
the murderer had been bribed to do the deed. 

Campbell, Daniel, a native of Ireland ; was in Schenectady, 
N. Y., as early as 1754, and was judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas for Albany County, N. Y., in 1777. He acquired great 
wealth as a merchant. 

Campbell, Col. James, a native of Ireland ; received a grant 
of 4,000 acres near Louisville, Ky. ; became one of Kentucky's 
most prominent men. 

Cannon, Charles James, poet, dramatist and novelist ; bom 
in New York, 1800, of Irish parents. He died there, i860. 
Among his works are : " Facts, Feelings and Fancies," " The 
Poet's Quest," etc. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 385 

Carey» Henry Charles, an American political economist; 
bom at Philadelphia, Pa., December 15, 1793. He died at Phil- 
adelphia, October 13, 1879. ^^ ^^ ^ son of Mathew Carey. 
Henry C. wrote a number of works on such subjects as Polit- 
ical Economy, the Credit System, the Slave Trade, Principles 
of Social Science, etc. 

Cargill, Hugh, a native of County Donegal, Ireland ; patriot 
of the American Revolution. On April 19, 1775, when the 
British attacked the patriots at Lexington and Concord, Mass., 
Cargill assisted in saving the official records of Concord. After 
the war, he settled in Boston. He died at Concord, 1799. 

Carr, Patrick, a victim of the Boston massacre, November 
5, 1770, when the British soldiery fired on the people. Crispus 
Attucks, Samuel Gray and James Caldwell were killed on the 
spot. Samuel Maverick and Patrick Carr were mortally 
wounded. Maverick died the next morning, while Carr ex- 
pired the following week. A monument to the memory of all 
the victims has been erected on Boston Common. 

Carrol, James, of Bristol county, R. I. On February 7, 1763, 
letters of administration were granted on his estate to Richard 
Dring. Carrol is described as " late a soldier in the Colony's 
service," and as having " no relatives in this country." 

Carroll, Michael B., a master commandant in the U. S. navy, 
his commission as such bearing date of February 4, 181 5. 

Casey, John, of Muddy River (now Brookline, Mass.), was 
a participant in King Philip's war, 1675-6. He took part in the 
attack on the Indian fort in " the Great Swamp," Rhode Isl- 
and, and was wounded in that engagement. 

Casey, CoL Thomas, removed from Virginia to Kentucky 
in 1779. Casey county in the latter State was named in his 
honor. 

Casey, Thomas, a native of Ireland, born about 1636; died 
in Rhode Island, 1719. Many of his descendants have been 
prominent in Rhode Island and other parts of the country. 



386 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Cassady, Michael, of Boston, Mass. ; served in Col. Vose's 

Continental regiment during the Revolution; was at Valley 
Forge. 

Cassety, Thomas, lieutenant-colonel commandant of a regi- 
ment, Oneida county, N. Y., in 1800, and for several years 
after. The brigade to which the regiment was attached was 
commanded by Gen. George Doolittle. William Mahan was 
at one time a captain in Cassety's regiment. 

* Cassidy, John, settled in Albany, N. Y., in 1780. Judge 
Danaher of Albany has stated (1903) that he was " the pro- 
genitor of aft existing Cassidy family in the city." 

Cassin, John, American naval officer ; bom in Philadelphia, 
Pa., about 1758; died in Charleston, S. C, 1822. He was the 
son of an Irish gardener and dairyman, who settled at Phila- 
delphia before the Revolution. John was made a lieutenant in 
the navy, 1799; master, 1806, and post-captain, 1812. He was 
in command of the naval force in the Delaware river during 
the war of 1812, for the defense of Philadelphia. His son, 
Stephen, became, March 3, 1825, a naval officer; commanded 
the " Ticonderoga " under Commodore Macdonough, in the 
battle on Lake Champlain, and received a gold medal from 
Congress for his gallantry on that occasion. 

Castree, John, president of the Irving Savings Institution, 
New York City. He was born in the County Tyrone, Ireland, 
in 181 1, and was brought to this country in 1814 by relatives. 
His mother intended to soon come over, but died in Ireland 
before she could carry out her intentions. Her husband, John 
Castree's father, came to this country twelve or fifteen years 
later. John Castree, the subject of this sketch, became a 
grocer, his earlier store being on Washington, corner of Jay 
street. New York. About 1836 he removed to what was then 
121 Hudson street, in the neighborhood of St. John's Square. 
He also engaged in real estate transactions, in insurance and 
in banking. He became a stockholder in several of the lead- 
ing concerns and also a director in several of them. He was 
a member of the Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen, of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 387 

Mercantile Exchange and was likewise interested in the Met- 
ropolitan Museum of Art. He died about 1890. 

Cavanagh, James, a major in the Sixty-ninth N. Y. In- 
fantry in the Civil War. " While most ably and daringly 
supporting his colonel he fell severely wounded. Never was 
there a truer heart, never was there a sounder or brighter 
brain." 

Clarey, Edward, he and Patrick Manan belonged to Capt. 
John Hill's military company, Berwick, Me., 1740. 

Clark, Major John, " grandson of an Irish weaver." For a 
period during the Revolution he was an aide to Gen. Nathaniel 
Greene. On one occasion Clark, having captured a British 
standard, was oflfered £200 to return it, but rejected the pro- 
posal with contempt. 

Cleburne, Patrick R., a major-general in the Confederate 
service ; worthy to rank with the bravest of the brave ; killed 
in the charge on the Federal breastworks at Franklin, Tenn., 
in November, 1864. 

Clooney, Patrick F., a captain in the Eighty-eighth N. Y. 
Infantry during the Civil War ; killed at Antietam, September 
17, 1862. 

Cogan, Patrick, a soldier of the Revolution ; quartermaster 
of the First New Hampshire regiment; served under Stark, 
Cilley, and Reid ; was in Gen. Sullivan's brigade at Ticonder- 
oga, 1777; died in the service, 1778. 

Colden, Cadwallader, lieutenant-governor of the province of 
New York; born in Ireland, 1688; came to Philadelphia in 
1710; returned to London, 1715; came back to Philadelphia, 
and in 1718 visited New York, and became surveyor-general 
of the latter colony. He secured, in 1720, a grant of 1,000 
acres in what is now Montgomery, Orange County, N. Y., 
which grant was soon increased by another 1,000 acres. He 
became a member of the Provincial Council in 1722. In Au- 



388 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

gust, 1761, he was appointed lieutenant-governor of the prov- 
ince. He has been described as '' a physician, botanist, astrcm- 
omer and historian." 

Conner, Joseph, a captain in Lieut.-Col. William Mackey's 
regiment, Greene County, N. Y., 1808. 

Conner, Richard, was made lieutenant-colonel, in 1814, of 
the One Hundred and Forty-sixth regiment, Richmond 
County, N. Y. 

Connolly, Dr. John, owned 2,000 acres in Kentucky in 1773. 
The first survey of Louisville was made that year by Capt. 
Thomas Bullitt. His associates included John Fitzpatrick. 

Connolly, Michael, a New York officer in the Revolution. 
In 1780 he was regimental clothier of the Fifth New York 
battalion. On September 7, that year, he made a return dated 
" Camp of the New York line, near Hackensack." In another 
place, under date of September 17, 1780, is mentioned a return 
of clothing received from Lieut. Michael Connolly for the use 
of the Fourth New York regiment, " a Gratuity from the In- 
habitants of the State of New York." 

Connolly, William, of Boston, Mass. ; a soldier of the Revo- 
lution ; served in Capt. Bayley's company of grenadiers in Col. 
Henry Jackson's regiment. 

Connor, Patrick Edward, a distinguished soldier. He was 
bom in the south of Ireland, March 17, 1820, and came to this 
country when a boy. He received his education in New York 
City and, during the Florida war, enlisted in the regular army, 
being then but nineteen years of age. Upon leaving the army, 
he engaged in business in New York City, and in 1846, settled 
in Texas. On the outbreak of the Mexican war he was made 
a captain of Texas volunteers, attached to the regiment of 
Albert Sidney Johnston. Connor participated in the battles of 
Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma and Buena Vista. In the latter 
engagement he was severely wounded. On the close of the 
war he removed to California. In 1861 he recruited a regiment 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 389 

of vcrfunteers in California, and was sent to Utah. March 30, 
1863, he was commissioned brigadier-general, and later re- 
ceived the brevet of major-general. 

Conyn^^iam, David Hayfield, a native of Ireland; settled 
in Philadelphia, and became a prominent merchant; an orig- 
inal member of the First City Troop ; was of the firms Con- 
3mgfaam, Nesbitt & Co. and J. M. Nesbitt & Co. In 1780 the 
firm subscribed £5,000 in aid of the American patriot army. 

Cocmey, Michael, a soldier of the Revolution. In 1779 he 
was in Capt. Allen's company (Rhode Island) of Col. Angell's 
regiment. 



Coonie, Patrick, settled with his Wife and children near 
Albany, N. Y., in 1768. He was a soldier. Mrs. Grant, of 
Laggan, in her '* Memoirs of an American Lady," speaks of 
Coonie as '^ a handsome, good-natured-looking Irishman in a 
ragged provincial uniform." 

Co(^>er, Francis, a resident of New. York City as early as 
1793. The records of St. Peter's Catholic Church, New York, 
show that he had a son John, who was bom in that city Octo- 
ber 4, 1793. Rev. James H. McGean says that it was Fran- 
cis Cooper who made, " as an agent of the trustees of St. 
Peter's and St. Patrick's churches, the purchase of the ground 
on which the new Cathedral is built ; we find his name on the 
list of the trustees of the old Cathedral after the formation 
<rf the two distinct corporations. He was a member of the 
Assembly for the years 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, and afterward 
for the years 1815 and 1826." 

Cooper, Thomas Apthorpe, an actor of note; born in 1776. 
His father, "an Irish gentleman," was in the service of the 
East India Company, and passed away, leaving his son under 
the care of a guardian. Thomas, at the age of seventeen, ap- 
peared in Edinburgh as Malcolm in "Macbeth." At nineteen 
he appeared at Covent Garden Theatre as Hamlet and Mac- 
beth, scoring a big success. He first appeared in America at 
Philadelphia, Pa., December 9, 1796. In August, 1797, he 



390 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

appeared for the first time in New York City at a Greenwich 
street theatre. He became manager of the Park Theatre in 
1806. Cooper amassed a large fortune, but subsequently be- 
came somewhat reduced in financial circumstances. His last 
appearance on the stage in New York was on September 26, 
1836, at the Bowery Theatre, on which occasion he took the 
part of Duke Aranza. He afterward appeared in theatres at 
the South. Cooper's daughter wedded a son of President 
Tyler. The latter gave Cooper a position in the New York 
Custom House, which he filled for several years. Cooper 
died at Bristol, Pa., April 21, 1849. 

Corcoran, Michael, a distinguished soldier ; bom in County 
Sligo, Ireland, September 21, 1827; died near Fairfax Court- 
house, Va., December 22, 1863. He came to the United 
States about 1849, settling in New York City; obtained a 
position in the post office and was afterward in the office of 
the city registrar. Entering the Sixty-ninth New York Infan- 
try as a private, he was promoted from rank to rank until, in 
1859, he was elected colonel. In i860, when a military parade 
was held in New York in honor of the Prince of Wales, Col. 
Corcoran refused to order out his regiment. For this refusal 
he was brought before a court-martial, the case being still 
pending when the Civil War broke out. He responded to the 
first call of the President for troops, and at the head of the 
Sixty-ninth went forward to the seat of war. He was or- 
dered to Virginia with his regiment, which built Fort Cor- 
coran, on Arlington Heights, and participated in the battle 
of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Col. Corcoran was wounded and 
made a prisoner, being kept closely confined for almost a year. 
He was exchanged in 1862 and was made a brigadier-general. 
He then organized the Corcoran Legion, which rendered gal- 
lant service. This Legion was, in August, 1863, attached to 
the Army of the Potomac. Gen. Corcoran met his death by 
his horse falling upon him while he was out riding with Gen. 
Thomas Francis Meagher. 

Corcoran, William W., a noted philanthropist; native of 
Georgetown, D. C. ; born December 27, 1798. His father, 
Thomas Corcoran, was an Irishman who had settled in 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 39 ' 

Georgetown when a boy, became one of the leading citizens 
of the place, ''and was for a time its magistrate, postmaster and 
mayor." William, the son, was educated at Georgetown Col- 
lege, and afterward entered the dry goods business. He be- 
came a banker in Washington. In 1839 ^^ formed a partner- 
ship with George W. Riggs. This firm of Riggs & Corcoran 
made extensive loans to the government during the Mexican 
War. These loans were somewhat unusual, and conservative 
bankers of the time considered them hazardous. As a result, 
Riggs withdrew from the firm, but Corcoran accumulated a 
vast profit from the investment. During his lifetime Mr. 
Corcoran is estimated to have contributed over $5,000,000 to 
charity, and to philanthropic and educational institutions. He 
died in Washington, D. C, February 24, 1888. 

Cosgrove, James, a corporal in the Thirty-seventh New York 
Regiment in the Civil War. His name was ordered to be in- 
scribed on the Roll of Honor, and he was authorized " to wear 
the Kearny Cross for gallant conduct at the battle of Chancel- 
lorsville." 

Costegan, Capt Francis, commander of a company in the 
136th Regiment of infantry. New York, in the war of 1812. 

Costigan, James, had a book store in 1825 at 17 Chatham 
street, New York. He advertised in the New York " Truth 
Teller " that year. 

Coxe, Tench, a native of Philadelphia, Pa., where he was 
born May 22, 1755. He was a member of the Hibernian 
Society of Philadelphia and of the firm Coxe, Furman & Coxe. 
He was a man of great public spirit ; was made assistant secre- 
tary of the United States Treasury in 1790. In 1792 he was 
made commissioner of United States revenue, and in 1803, 
purveyor of public supplies. He wrote a number of essays 
and pamphlets relating to manufactures, navigation and like 
topics; also some relating to the framing and ratification of 
the Constitution. He was one of the founders, in 1787, of the 
Pennsylvania Society for the endowment of Arts and Manu- 
Manufactures, and was at one time president of the same. He 



?^ 



392 BIOGRAPHICAL SKBTCHBS 

died at Philadelphia in 1824. Two sons of his were also mem- 
bers of the Hibernian Society, Philadelphia, and a grandson 
likewise became a member. 

Craig, William, bom at Dublin, Ireland, 1829. He became 
prominent as a water-color artist. He first exhibited at the 
Royal Gallery, in the Irish capital, in 1846. He settled in 
New York City in 1863, and was one of the original members 
of the American Society of Water- Color Painters. He met 
his death in 1875, by accidental drowning in Lake George, 
New York. 

Crimen, Counsellor. In ''The Irishman," New York City, 
1835, appeared the following advertisement: "Any infor- 
mation relative to Counsellor Crimen, who emigrated from 
Cork, Ireland, to this city some years ago, would be thank- 
fully received at the office of this paper." 

Cronin, Patrick, ensign during the Revolution in the New 
York regiment of levies commanded by Col. William Malcolm. 

Cross, Lieut. William, participated in the invasion of Can- 
ada, 1775. He is described as ** a handsome little Irishman, 
always neatly dressed, and commanded [on the Isle of Or- 
leans] a detachment of about twenty men." 

Crowell, Thomas, settled in Brunswick, Me., shortly after 
the close of the Revolution. He was of Irish birth or extrac- 
tion, and by profession a schoolmaster. Sumner L. Holbrook, 
in a paper read before the Pejepscot Historical Society, of 
Brunswick, Me., a few years ago, stated that Crowell " must 
have belonged to a family of some note, as he was a man of 
good education. Soon after his arrival he engaged in teach- 
ing school, and for more than a score of years he taught in 
the eastern part of the town. Until the time of his death he 
always went by the name of * Master Crowell. He taught 
reading, writing, arithmetic, and navigation to a limited ex- 
tent. Arithmetic was his forte. He took g^reat pride in teach- 
ing his scholars that branch of study, arithmetic being an 
important one for the young men of that day. Many of 



^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 393 

Mr. Crowell's pupils became leading business men, and some 
of them famous shipmasters. Among them we find the names 
of Capt. John Woodward, Capt. Charles Thomas, Capt. Jordan 
Snow, Richard Melcher and others. He also taught his schol- 
ars good manners, a virtue, we fear, somewhat neglected under 
our more modern, improved school system. On one occasion, 
knowing that Parson Eaton was to pass by the place where 
he was teaching, he kept one of his scholars on the lookout for 
him, and when the signal was given Mr. Crowell arranged 
his school on both sides of the road, the boys on one side and 
the girls on the other, bowing to the man of God as he passed 
by. In recognition of this token of respect, the venerable man, 
with uncovered head, passed through the lines, bowing to the 
right and left. Master Crowell married Betsey, the daughter 
of Caleb Coombs.'* 

Cuming, James R., president of the Society of the Friendly 
Sons of St. Patrick, New York City. At the time he held that 
office was, and had been for many years, a lawyer in active 
practice in the city of New York, and a member of one of its 
best known law firms. He was bom near Belfast, Ireland, 
March i, 1835, his parents having removed from Scotland to 
Ireland some years before his birth. With them he came to 
this country when he was fourteen years old. In i860 he 
was admitted to the bar, and in 1867 became a member of the 
firm of Brown, Hall & Vanderpool, a leading law firm of that 
day, remaining a member of it and its successor firms of 
Vanderpool, Green & Cuming, and Vanderpool, Cuming & 
Godwin, until shortly before his death. He was a director in 
various corporations, an active member and elder in the 
Fourth Presbyterian Church, deeply interested in church work 
and in charities, and a member of the Century, Manhattan and 
Lawyers' clubs, and St. Andrew's Society. He was also for 
many years a school trustee. Mr. Cuming was a man of 
most genial and kindly nature, and possessed a fund of hu- 
mor calculated to make association with him very enjoyable. 
He was much interested in everything concerning Ireland 
and her prosperity. He asserted that no other poetry or 
music equalled that produced by Irish men and women, and 
revelled in the patriotic and sentimental lines of the Irish 



394 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

poets. He lived a quiet, serene and happy life, blessed with 
a wife whom he often said was as thoroughly Irish as she 
was Presbyterian, respected by all who knew him and be- 
loved by those who were favored with an intimate acquaint- 
ance. He died in New York on June ii, 1900. 

Curran, Henry H., major in the One Hundred and Forty- 
sixth N. Y. Infantry; killed. May 5, 1864, at the Wilderness. 

Curtin, Andrew Gregg, statesman; a native of Bellefonte,. 
Pa.; born in 1817. From 1855 to 1858 he was secretary of 
state and superintendent of common schools. He was elected 
governor of Pennsylvania in i860 and re-elected in 1863. 
Curtin was at one time president of the Hibernian Society of 
Philadelphia. 

Curtin, Constans, a physician of Newark, N. J. ; born in the 
County Clare, Ireland, 1783. He came of an old Irish family; 
became a surgeon and received a commission in the British 
navy. In 1807 he came to America. For two years he studied 
at the University of Pennsylvania and received a medical de- 
gree there in 1809. He settled in Bellefonte, Pa., and prac- 
tised his profession there for more than a third of a century. 
During the war of 1812 he was a regimental surgeon. He mar- 
ried Mary Anne Kinne, " whose ancestors for six generations 
lived in Massachusetts and Connecticut." He died in Belle- 
fonte, April 10, 1842. 

Dalton, Eklward, came to Salem, Mass., 1776, with his friend 
John Kehoo. They were " two young Irishmen/' and it is 
said of them that " they were both remarkably handsome and 
promising men, and by their circumspect conduct and indus- 
trious habits soon gained the respect and confidence of the 
community." Kehoo was lost at sea while aboard the priva- 
teer " Centipede," in 1781. 

Daly, Augustin, dramatist; a native of Plymouth, N. C. : 
born July 20, 1838. He was educated in Norfolk, Va., and in 
New York City. In 1859 he became a dramatic editor of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 39S 

New York " Sunday CourLer " and was also connected in a 
like capacity with the New York " Times," " Sun," "Express " 
and the " Citizen." In 1869 he opened the Fifth Avenue The- 
atre, Twenty-fourth street, New York, which building was 
destroyed by fire in 1873. ^ ^^w Weeks later he opened an- 
other theatre, on Broadway. He inaugurated, in 1879, Daly's 
Theatre, Broadway, near Thirtieth street. He took his entire 
company at different times to England, Germany and France. 
He also had a successful career as a dramatic author. 

Dawson, Henry, a native of Dublin, Ireland, who was at 
one period a major in the British army. About 1760 he came 
to this country. His first wife was Miss Coombs, of Jamaica, 
L. I. ; his second, a sister of Gen. Jacob Morton. For twenty- 
six years Dawson was clerk of the Common Council of New 
York City. He lived on Doughty street, Brooklyn, and kept 
a pack of hunting dogs. He died in 1808. His son, Henry 
Dawson, Jr., was born in Jamaica, L. I., 1771, and married 
Miriam, niece of the Quaker preacher, Elias Hicks. Henry, 
Jr., was also of sportsman proclivities, and it was said of him 
that " he had not a bone in his body which had not, at one 
time or another, been broken," by accidents while engaged in 
hunting or other sport. 

Devereaux, James, born in Wexford, Ireland, 1766. He 
came to Salem, Mass., in 1780, with his uncle, John Murphy. 
In 1792 Devereaux married Sally Crowninshield, of Salem. 
He commanded the ship " Franklin," said to have been the 
first merchant vessel from the United States to visit Japan. 

Dillon, Col. Count Arthur, a French officer of Irish blood 
who came with our allies and rendered distinguished service 
during the American Revolution. He was commander of the 
Regiment of Dillon. 

Divvcr, Alexander, was in business, in 1825, at 29 James 
street, New York City. He advertised as having for sale " an 
assortment of cordials of the first quality at the lowest prices," 
such as cherry, wintergreen, lemon, orange, carraway, etc. He 
also kept all kinds of liquors in stock. 



396 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

DobbSy Artibur, governor of North Carolina, took the oath 
at New-Bern, I754* "He was an Irishman and had been a 
member of the parliament of that country." It was said of 
him that he brought over to this country a few pieces of artil- 
lery, one thousand muskets, "and a plentiful supply of his 
poor relations." 

Doheny, CoL Michael, an Irish patriot ; one of the '48 men. 
He was a man of great ability ; was called to the Irish bar ; was 
associate editor, with Hackett, of the Tipperary " Free Press." 
After coming to America, Doheny became a member of vari- 
ous military organizations in New York City, including the 
Ninth, Seventy-fifth and Sixty-ninth regiments. He became 
colonel of the latter, and was a splendid officer. He was a 
member of the delegation that went to Ireland, in 1861, with 
the remains of Terence Bellew McManus. Doheny was the 
author of a "History of the American Revolution" (Dublin, 
1846), which work was dedicated to " Robert Tyler, Esq., of 
the United States." He was also author of "The Felon's 
Track" (New York, 1849), of which a second edition was 
issued at New York in 1867, and dedicated to Gen. James 
Shields. Col. Doheny is buried in Calvary Cemetery, New 
York, near the chapel. 

Doheny, Capt. Michael, son of Col. Doheny just mentioned ; 
rendered gallant service during the Civil War; was, success- 
ively, second lieutenant, first lieutenant and captain in the 
One Hundred and Fifty-fifth New York Volunteers (of Cor- 
coran's Legion). 

Donahew, Capt. David, a privateer commander, 1744-45. On 
November 7th of the former year he put out from Newbury, 
Mass., with sixty men, and captured several French fishing 
vessels. Recognizing his ability, the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts, in 1745, took him and his vessel, the " Resolution," 
into the service of the Province. In April, 1745, he captured 
a French brigantine. He was an active and daring officer. It 
was at length stated of him that " The gallant Capt. Donahew 
is surprised by the French and Indians, and himself, with 
many of his men, slain. His loss was very deeply lamented. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 397 

as he had rendered very important services on various occa- 
sions, especially in the capture of Louisbourg. For some time 
his fate was unknown, but a vessel from Annapolis Royal 
came into Boston, having on board Mr. Picket, who was stew- 
ard to Capt. Donahew, who gave the facts/' The captain, 
with eleven men, had gone ashore at the Gut of Canso and 
were quickly surrounded by French and Indians. Capt. Dona- 
hew and his party tried to fight their way back to their ship, 
but he was killed, together with his brother and three others. 
The rest were taken prisoners. 

Donaldson, John, an Irishman, commanded, during the 
Revolution, an armed brig of ten guns and carrying forty-five 
men. He was at one time a resident of Salem, Mass. 

Dongan, John C, major of a regiment in Richmond County, 
N. Y. ; appointed in 1786. Cornelius McClean was also a 
major in the command. Dongan had previously been adjutant 
of the regiment. 

Donnelly, John B., major in the One Hundred and Seven- 
tieth New York Regiment ; killed, August 25, 1864, at Ream's 
Station. 

Donoghue, Timothy, a captain in the Thirty-sixth New 
York Regiment in the Civil War. " Especially distinguished 
for meritorious services during the storming of Fredericks- 
burg." 

Donohoe, Joseph A., banker, San Francisco, Cal. ; born in 
New York City, 1826; became a member of the dry gfoods 
firm Eugene Kelly & Co., San Francisco, 185 1 ; attained great 
success. In 1861 he organized the banking firm Donohoe, 
Ralston & Co., which was dissolved in 1864. He then estab- 
lished the private bank of Donohoe, Kelly & Co. In 1891 the 
house became known as the Donohoe-Kelly Banking Com- 
pany. Mr. Donohoe passed away, in San Francisco, 1895. 

Donohoe, Thomas, major of the Sixth Regfiment, North 
Carolina Foot, organized at Hillsborough, 1776. He became 



398 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

a member of the Society of the Cincinnati at the latter's incep- 
tion at Newburg, on the Hudson, 1783. 

Doran, James E., major in the Twenty-fourth New York 
Cavalry during the Civil War; died of wounds, April 15, 1865. 

Dorrance, John, a prominent Rhode Island citizen of Irish 
parentage. He was born, about 1747, in what is now the town 
of Foster, R. I., and was a patriot of the Revolution ; was at 
one period a member of the Corporation of Brown University, 
and for sixteen years was president of the Providence Town 
Council. He was also a member of the Rhode Island General 
Assembly. He died in 1813. 

Dorrancey Rev. Samuel, an Irish Protestant clergyman ; be- 
came pastor of a church in Voluntown, Conn., 1723, and 
retained the position until his death in December, 1775, a 
period of over fifty years. He may have been related to the 
Rhode Island Dorrances. 

Dougherty, Thomas, colonel of the Eighty-eighth Regiment 
of infantry, Tompkins County, N. Y., 1819. 

Dowd, Abbe, an Irish priest who served as a French naval 
chaplain during the American Revolution. He came over 
with our allies and was attached to the warship " Le Jason." 
He is mentioned in a recently published work, ** Les Coni- 
battants Francais de la Guerre Americaine." 

Doyle, John, was conducting a book store in 1825 at 237 
Broadway, New York City. He describes his store as " the 
best supplied establishment of the kind in the city." 

Doyle, Stephen M., captain in the Seventy-second Regiment, 
N. Y. Vols. : killed, July 18, 1862, at Malvern Hill. 

Doyle, Thomas A., son of an Irishman; elected mayor of 
the city of Providence, R. I., for eighteen terms. A monu- 
ment to Mayor Doyle stands in Cathedral Square, Providence. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 399 

DreWy John, an eminent comedian ; born in Dublin, Ireland, 
eptember 3, 1825, and died at Philadelphia, Pa., May 21, 1862. 
[e made his first appearance in 1845, ^^ New York City, and 
1 Philadelphia, Pa., in 1852, where he was a g^eat favorite. 
Vith William Wheatley, beginning in 1853, ^^ managed 
le Arch Street Theatre, in the latter city. In 1855 he played 
1 England, in 1858 in California, and in 1859 i^ Australia, 
le made his last appearance in 1862. His son, John Drew, 
Iso became a successful comedian, and was born in Philadel- 
hia in 1853. 

Drisco [Driscoll], Cornelius, one of the proprietors of the 
3wn of Gilmanton, N. H., 1727, but his name appears in 
he New Hampshire records as early as 1715. 

Driscoll, John, a participant in the Irish Rebellion, 1798. 
le was a native of Cloyne, County Cork, Ireland. In the 
atriotic uprising just mentioned he was seriously wounded, 
le came to this country, and died at New London, Conn., 
817. He had never entirely recovered from his wounds. 

Driskill, Cornelius, a native of Kinsale, County Cork, Ire- 
md ; resident of Providence, R. I. ; soldier of the Revolution ; 
erved in a Rhode Island regiment of the Line. 

Driskill, Jo., a lieutenant of artillery in the Revolution, 
n the " Public Papers " of George Clinton, first governor of 
^ew York State, appears a document from Lieut. Driskill, 
ntitled, " A Return of Ordinance & Stores taken frorp the 
British army Comm'd by Sir John Johnson. Fort Rensselaer 
)ct'r 19th, 1780." 

Duane, William, born in New York, of Irish parents ; was 
ent to Ireland to be educated, and graduated at Trinity Col- 
ege, Dublin ; started, in 1794, a paper in India, but was seized 
y British officials and sent to London in irons ; came to Phila- 
'elphia in 1795, and became editor of " The Aurora," a Demo- 
ratic organ. He was highly esteemed by President Jefferson, 
n 1805 Duane was commissioned lieutenant-colonel, and in 
he war of 1812 held the rank of adjutant-general. He pub- 



400 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

lished a number of works on military topics. His son was 
a member of President Jackson's cabinet. 



DuflFy, Felix, captain in the Sixty-ninth Regiment, N. Y. 
Vols. ; killed, Sept. 17, 1862, at Antietam. 

Dunliqp, Robert, a native of the County Antrim, Ireland; 
bom in 1715. He embarked for America in the spring of 1736. 
The vessel, with nearly 200 emigprants aboard, was wrecked at 
the Isle of Sable, and nearly one-half of the passengers per- 
ished. The survivors, including Dunlap, reached Canso and 
were then taken to Cape Ann, Mass. Governor Dunlap of 
Maine (elected in 1833) was a descendant of Robert, the 
Irishman. 

Dunlap, William, artist; bom in Perth Amboy, N. J., 176b, 
died in New York City, 1839; was of Irish extraction He 
located in New York City in 1777, and commenced the paint- 
ing- of portraits. He went to London, England, in 1784, and 
studied for a number of years with Benjamin West. In 1886 
a Dunlap Society, named after him, was formed in New York 
City. 

Dwycr, , an Irish actor. He first appeared on the 

American stage in New York City, March 14, 1810, when he 
played Belcour in "The West Indian." Dwyer is stated to 
have been descended from the O'Dwyers of Tipperary. His 
father " was the best fencer of the age." Referring to Dwyer, 
the actor, William Dunlap's " History of the American Thea- 
tre" says: "The Emerald Isle is so rich in talent, and can 
boast of such a long line of splendid statesmen, soldiers, ora- 
tors and artists that she will not feel that we have diminished 
her glories by denying a crown to the head of the descendant 
of the O'Dwyers of Tipperary. We take this opportunity to 
remark that the success of Irishmen, as dramatists and actors, 
has been surprisingly g^eat. Writing from recollection, and 
at random, we put down the names of Sheridan, Macklin, 
Wilkes, Moody, Johnstone, Kelly, Pope, Murphy, Farquhar, 
Dogget, Henry, Ryder, Quinn, BickerstafF, O'Neil, Barry, 
Rock ; we need not look into our books for more ; the elo- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKBTCHBS 40 1 

quence of Ireland is proverbial, and her sons have exhibited a 
due portion of it on the stage." 

Eagle, Henry, an Irishman and dry goods dealer in Chatham 
street. New York, in which business he made a fortune, and 
retired about 1845. 

Edgar, H. L., son of an Irishman who, by his prudence and 
industry, became the holder of a large estate prior to 1845. 
This family is allied to the Le Roys by marriage. 

Emmet, Thomas Addia, Jr., was commissioned a captain in 
the Ninety-seventh Regiment of infantry. New York County, 
N. Y., 1820. Among the other captains in the regiment were 
Bernard Rhinelander, James J. Roosevelt, Daniel Clarkson 
and John Q. Jones. 

Ennis, Richard, a founder of the Knights of St. Patrick, St. 
Louis, Mo.; printer and publisher; bom in County Kilkenny, V^' 

Ireland, 1836; first settled in Canada, but in 1856 became a ''^ 
resident of Alton, in the State of Illinois; became editor of 
the Alton " Democrat " ; between 1859 ^^^ ^^^ ^^ removed 
to St. Louis, Mo., and founded the printing house of R. & T. 
A. Ennis, which house was for over thirty-four years one of 
the best known in the West. 

Farrcll, James, captain in the Forty-eighth Regiment, N. Y. 
Vols. ; killed July 18, 1863, at Fort Wagner. 

Farrelly, Patrick, a founder of the American News Com- 
pany, New York, and general manager of the same. He was 
bom in County Cavan, Ireland, 1840, and died in New York, 
1904. A sketch written at the time of his death states that he 
was a self-made man Who carved out a very large fortune 
by his own efforts. He came to New York with his par- 
ents at the age of eight. He received a common school 
education and engaged in the news business which, growing 
in importance until the sharp competition between him and 
other concerns and individuals resulted in the combination. 
Mr. Farrelly was known as a man who never rested. He was 




402 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

general manager when the concern was formed, and, although 
at other times he was president also, he was general manager 
when he died. To him was ascribed the wonderful interna- 
tional development of the company's business. It was not 
all business for Mr. Farrelly, however. In Morristown, N. J., 
where for twenty years he made his summer home, he took 
an active interest in municipal affairs. He was a member of 
the Board of Trade, a leader in public improvements, and one 
of the founders of the Morristown Trust Company. Many 
years ago he was made president of the board of trustees of 
the Hospital for the Insane, at Morris Plains, and until three 
years before his death was a member of the board. In New 
York City he was for several years director in financial in- 
stitutions, a member of the Catholic, Lotos and Atdine clubs, 
and at one time a member of the Manhattan Club. He took 
an active interest in affairs of the Catholic Church, both in 
New York and Morristown, and gave largely to charity. 

Pawcetty Thomas, an Irish Quaker; born in 1747; died in 
1820; married Isabella Snodgrass, an Irish woman, who was 
born in 1754. They were married in Ireland. Their eight 
children were born in Pennsylvania. The family removed 
to Ohio in 1795, and platted " Fawcettstown," now East 
Liverpool. 

Finlay, Thomas M., "from Trinity College, Dublin." In 
181 1 he was conducting a boarding school at Manhattanville, 
N. Y. 

Finnigan, Michael, a corporal in the One Hundred and 
Eighteenth New York Regiment in the Civil War. Gen. But- 
ler said of him that " he was reported for his cool and humor- 
ous courage in capturing a rebel, forcing him to stand on the 
parapet, face the enemy, and give three hearty cheers for the 
Union." 

Fitton, John, 2l native of Waterford, Ireland ; was a resident 
of Providence, R. I., during the Revolution, having settled 
there about 1750. He was a merchant, and died in 1810, hav- 
ing resided in Providence about sixty years. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 403 

Fitzgerald, Eklward, a native of Tipperary, Ireland ; resided 
at Newport, R. I. ; a soldier of the Revolution ; was at one time 
stationed at Ticonderoga. 

Fitzgerald, Edward, a purser in the United States navy 
during the war of 1812. His commission was dated April 25, 
1812. 

Fitzgerald, Gerald, a '' quarter-gunner " aboard the ** Co- 
lumbus," of the Continental navy. He entered January 7, 
1776 ; was discharged at Newport, R. I. 

Fitzpatrick, Benjamin, governor of Alabama, 1841-45. He 
was a native of Greene County, Ga., and was born June 30, 
1800. His father was a member of the Georgia Legislature 
sixteen years. Benjamin, the subject of this sketch, located 
in Alabama about 1816, became a lawyer, was chosen solicitor 
of the Montgomery Circuit, and in 1840 was a presidential 
elector on the Democratic ticket, the seven electoral votes 
of the State being cast for Van Buren. Later Fitzpatrick was 
a United States senator, being appointed in 1848, and was 
again appointed in 1853. He died November 21, 1869. 

Flanagan, David, a native of Dublin, Ireland ; born in 1759. 
During the Revolution he was clerk on a vessel of the Ameri- 
can navy. Subsequently he became a bookseller, and died 
in 1805. He was buried at Bedford, Westchester County, 
N. Y. 

Flanagan, James, a soldier of the Revolution; resided in 
Rhode Island. His name appears in the " Muster and Size 
Rolls of Recruits Enlisted for the Town of Newport for the 
Campaign of 1782." He was at one time on duty at Ticon- 
deroga. 

Flood, Hugh C, lieutenant-colonel of the One Hundred and 
Fifty-fifth Regiment, N. Y. Vols., in the Civil War; wounded 
at Spottsylvania, from the effects of which he died. 

Fulton, Robert, the distinguished engineer and inventor, 
was born at Little Britain, Pa., 1765. His father, Robert 



404 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Fulton, came from Ireland when young, and was a tailor, later 
turning his attention to farming. The family was described as 
*' respectable though not opulent." Robert Fulton, the son, 
went to London in 1786, to complete his education as a painter, 
and was in the family of Benjamin West for some years. In 
1793 he gave up painting to devote himself to civil and me- 
chanical engineering. In 1794 he removed to Paris. In 1803 
he launched a steamboat on the Seine, but it sank because of 
faulty construction. He built another, however, using the old 
machinery, and it made a successful trial trip on the Seine, 
August 9, 1803. In 1806 he returned to America. He built 
the steamboat " Clermont," which started on a trial trip from 
New York to Albany, on the Hudson River, August 11, 1807; 
the trip was successful. Subsequently a number of river 
steamers and ferry-boats were built under his supervision. In 
181 5 he launched the war steamer " Fulton." In 1806 he mar- 
ried Harriet, daughter of Walter Livingston. Four children 
were born to them. Fulton died at New York, February 24, 
1815. 

Galbreathy John, an early Irish schoolmaster in Mercer 
County, Pennsylvania. He was one of the earliest instructors 
*' in the region known as the Irish settlement. He lived a 
mile and a half northwest of the present site (Grove City). 
He was a bachelor and a prominent man, an oracle in the 
community. He used the rod freely. He was a patriotic 
Irishman, and at the age of eighteen came to America to se- 
cure his liberties. He trained the Roses, the Whites, and 
Charles Cunningham, to be teachers." 

Gallagher, Edmund P., paymaster of the Fifty-first Regi- 
ment of infantry. New York County, N. Y., 1822. 

Gallagher, George, ensign in the First Regiment of the First 
Brigade, New York Militia. He was appointed July 13, 1810. 

Gallagher, John, prominent as a New York business man 
about 1834. He was a partner of Hamilton Murray. They 
succeeded the firm Murray & Gallagher, which was in busi- 
ness as early as 1820. John Gallagher was a brother of the 
Gallagher of that old firm. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 405 

Genigh^y J<rfiii, represented the Irish colony of San Patricio 
in the first Congress of the Republic of Texas, 1836. Among 
the judges appointed by this Congress were Patrick Usher, 
John Dunn, William McFarland and John McHenry. 

Gerety, Michael, a captain in the Forty-second New York 
Infantry; killed, October 21, 1861, at Ball's Bluff. 

Gillespie, David, brewer, New York City ; died in 1812. His 
remains were escorted to the grave by the Republican Greens, 
attended by a large concourse of his fellow-citizens. 

Gillespie, Thomas, a captain in the Eighth Regiment of 
artillery, Schoharie County, N. Y., 1818. 

Gille^iie, William, major commandant of a battalion of 
infantry, Sullivan County, N. Y., 1818. 

Gillespy, ICdward, publisher of " The Shamrock, or Hiber- 
nian Chronicle " (New York City). The first issue was dated 
December 15, 1810. The office of the paper was at 104 Water 
street. The printing was done for Mr. Gillespy by Largin & 
Thompson, 189 Water street. 

Given, James, a native of Ireland; born in 1777; partici- 
pated in the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Subsequently he came 
to this country and located at Fishkill, N. Y. A " useful and 
prominent citizen for sixty years." 

V Godkin, E. L., was born in Moync, County Wicklow, Octo- 
ber 2, 1831. He came to New York in 1856 and made a jour- 
ney through the Southern States, of which he published an 
account in the London " Daily News." In 1881 he became 
editor of the New York " Evening Post " and " The Nation," 
with which his name has become inseparably connected. De- 
grees were conferred upon him by Harvard and Oxford uni- 
versities. He was the author of a " History of Hungary," 
" Problems of Modern Democracy," " Ireland in 1872," among 
other works. 



4o6 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Goffe, LieuL-CoL, " an Irishman." In 1760 he was ordered 
by Gen. Amherst to take a regiment of 800 men, raised in 
New Hampshire, and cut a road through the wilderness from 
" No. 4 " to Crown Point, or, more properly, to the Green 
Mountains. 

Gowen, Nichcdas, was one of those who at a meeting, in 
1744, of the proprietors of the common and undivided lands 
belonging to the town of Kittery, Me., drew tracts of land. 
Others drawing land at the time included John Gowen, An- 
drew Haley, John More, Joseph Mitchell, James Troy, Andrew 
Neal and Samuel Ford. 

Grace, William R., twice mayor of New York City. He was 
born at Queenstown, Ireland, 1832; died in NeW York, 1904. 
When he was fourteen years of age he ran away to sea and 
made several ocean voyages as a cabin boy on South American 
traders, and then came to New York in quest of fortune. 
Nothing better than a place in a restaurant could he find at 
first. Obtaining employment in a shipping house, he rose 
rapidly, and later was sent to Liverpool. From England he 
returned to Ireland, taking with him his saving^. A reconcil- 
iation with his father followed, and he was placed with the 
English firm of Bryce & Co., which sent him to Peru. There 
his resourcefulness and his strict attention to the interests 
entrusted to him advanced him rapidly. His father helped 
him with capital, and the firm of Bryce, Grace & Co. was 
established in 1852, with Mr. Grace as the junior partner. Mr. 
Grace was spending a few months in this country in 1857, ^ 
he found the climate of Peru had undermined his health, and 
he went in the winter to Maine to arrange about contracts for 
building ships. He was overcome near Thomaston by the 
cold, and would have perished had it not been for George W. 
Gilchrist, who was the shipbuilder to whose house he was 
bound. Mr. Gilchrist flung Mr. Grace across his saddle and 
took him home. For four weeks young Grace lay at the point 
of death, and when consciousness returned, the first person 
he saw was Miss LilHas Gilchrist, the. daughter of his rescuer, 
and his nurse through his long illness. Mr. Grace and Miss 
Gilchrist were married in 1859. His firm became W. R. Grace 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 407 

& Co., with headquarters in Liverpool. Mr. Grace came to 
this country to live in 1865, and the principal office of the great 
house, which had connections with South American seaports, 
increased in influence and power. It is nearly half a century 
since the potent name of Grace appeared in South American 
affairs, and in that time the Grace interests have grown until 
now there are branch houses in half a dozen g^eat cities, and 
their ships are ploughing the oceans on long voyages, carry- 
ing on enormous transactions. W. R. Grace & Co., one of 
the most important and influential commercial concerns of 
the world, was incorporated in West Virginia, in 1895, with a 
capital of $3,000,000, and no stock was ever put on the market. 
It was made up by the consolidation of the several Grace com- 
panies of North and South America, and the officers, from 
William A. Grace, president, to Edward Eyre, secretary, ac 
the time of the incorporation, were all relatives. The house 
had practically the commerce of a continent at its back. Peru 
and Chili, with their great coast lines and a commerce of mill- 
ions of dollars annually, have looked to the house of Grace Si 
Co. as to a financial Gibraltar. When they had need to float a 
loan or to reorganize their finances, they turned to the house 
of Grace & Co. with no misgiving. When Peru was in the 
last stage of financial disorder, through the mismanagement 
of her affairs, it was the house of Grace & Co. which assumed 
a national debt of $250,000,000 and organized a directorate of 
some of the strongest names in finance to handle the fiscal 
affairs of the country. Twice he was elected mayor of New 
York — ^the first time in 1880, as the candidate of a united De- 
mocracy, when his name was on a list suggested by Irving 
Hall to Tammany, and was promptly selected out of a dozen 
by John Kelly. His health failing him in 1895, he gave up all 
connections with politics and devoted himself exclusively to 
his business interests. In 1897 Mr. Grace founded the insti- 
tute which bears his name, in New York, for the purpose of 
providing free instruction to girls in millinery, dressmaking 
and stenography. It is estimated that Mr. Grace left a fortune 
of nearly $10,000,000. 

Greaton, Gen. John, an Irishman, patriot of the American 
Revolution. Augustus Parker, writing, recently, in the Boston 



4o8 BIOGRAPHICAL SKBTCHBS 

" Transcript/' says of him that he belonged to the first com- 
pany of minute men raised in America in 1775, and was chosen 
major, lieutenant-colonel and colonel of Heath's r^ment 
After the battle of Lexington he was engaged in the skir- 
mishes about Boston, until he joined that memorable expedi- 
tion to Quebec in the winter through the woods of Maine, 
where the army suffered untold hardships. He served through 
the war, was one of Washington's most trusted officers, was 
mustered out October, 1783, and died the following December, 
worn out in the service of his country. Gen. Greaton's father 
kept the Greyhound Tavern, on Washington street, opposite 
Vernon street, in Roxbury, Mass. 
r 

Greeley, Horace, a distinguished journalist. He was a na- 
tive of Amherst, Mass.; born February 3, 181 1, and was a 
descendant of Irish Protestants who came to America in 1718, 
landing at Boston, Mass. They were among the settlers of 
Londonderry, N. H. Greeley founded the New York "Trib- 
une " in 1841. He wa^ a member of Congress from New York, 
1848-49; was a prominent Anti-Slavery leader, and was a 
candidate for President of the United States in 1872. He died 
at Pleasantville, Westchester County, N. Y., November 29, 
1872. 

Hackett, James, of Portsmouth, N. H. ; soldier of the Revo- 
lution ; " second in command of a company of Light Horse " 
that volunteered ior an expedition to Rhode Island. 

Hackett, James Henry, prominent as a comedian ; a native 
of New York City; bom March 15, 1800. He was of Irish 
extraction. His father, who had been a British officer, came 
to New York shortly after the war of the Revolution. James 
H. Hackett, the subject of this sketch, was bom at 72 William 
street. New York. He studied in an academy at Jamaica, 
L. I., and at Columbia College. He married, in 1819, Kathe- 
rine Lee-Sugg, a well-known actress. They settled in Utica, 
N. Y., where Mr. Hackett engaged in mercantile pursuits. 
Later he returned to New York City to engage in mercantile 
life, but was not successful. He finally decided to embrace a 
theatrical career. His first public appearance was at the Park 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 409 

Theatre, New York City, March i, 1826. His rise to fame was 
rapid and permanent. At various times he was manager of 
different New York theatres. At the time of the Macready 
riot Hackett was manager of the Astor Place Opera House. It 
is said of him that he " early achieved competency from his 
professional earnings, and before his death he became one of 
the richest actors of his time." A son of his, J. K. Hackett, 
was recorder of the Gty of New York for a number of years. 

Haley, Andrew, of Irish birth or parentage, settled on the 
Isles of Shoals during the early colonial period. " Haley's 
Island " took its name from him and he, or a descendant, has 
sometimes been spoken of as " King of the Shoals." His son; 
Andrew, married Elizabeth Scammon of Kittery, Me., in 1697. 

Hany, John, a soldier of the Revolution; served in the 
Rhode Island regiment commanded by Col. Jeremiah Olney. 
Hany was wounded in the ankle and groin, the former injury 
being received in May, 1780, and the latter in July, 1781. 



Hamilton, David, a native of Cork, Ireland; born in 1749. 
He located in South Carolina. When the city of Charleston 
surrendered to the British during the Revolution, Hamilton 
was taken prisoner with the regiment to which he belonged. 
He was confined aboard the British prison-ship "Torbay," 
in Charleston harbor, and was later transferred to Philadel- 
phia. He died at Charleston in 1794. 

Hanley, Timothy, a captain in the Ninth New York Cavalry 
during the Civil War. "At the battle of Beverly Ford he 
participated with honor in one of the most daring and brilliant 
dashes on record." It was also said of him that at the battle 
of Crooked Run he "exhibited the greatest skill and bravery." 

Hart, Bernard, quartermaster of Lieut.-Col. Jacob Morton's 
regiment. New York County, N. Y., 1797. 



Hart, Patrick, captain of the Fifteenth New York Battery 
in the war of the Rebellion. This battery went to the front 



41 o BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

with the Irish Brigade, but was later taken from that brigade 
and assigned to the Fifth Corps. It came home in July, 1865, 
having but forty-eight of its original members left. 

Hart, William G., a captain in the Eighty-eighth New York 
Regiment in the Civil War. He was likewise acting assistant 
adjutant-general of the Irish Brigade. Gen. Meagher, in his 
report of the battle of Fredericksburg, says of Capt. Hart that 
" he exercised a bright coolness and intelligent courage while 
steadying the men for the attack." 



Hastings, Hugh J., an able journalist; bom in the County 
Fermanagh, Ireland, August 20, 1820; died at Monmouth 
Beach, September 12, 1883. He came to this country in 1831, 
settling with his family at Albany, N. Y. In 1840 he became 
a reporter on the Albany " Atlas," and three years later estab- 
lished the Albany " Weekly Switch." In 1844 he established 
the " Knickerbocker " in Albany. President Taylor appointed 
him clerk of the court of Albany, but Hastings resigned from 
the office under President Fillmore. In 1868 Hastings became 
editor of the New York " Commercial Advertiser," and in 
1875, proprietor of that journal. 

Hennessy, William J., landscape and genre painter. He was 
a native of Thomastown, Ireland ; born in 1839 ; came to New 
York in 1849. He attained fame in his chosen profession, and 
in 1863 was elected a National Academician. He went to 
London in 1870, but has spent much of his time in Normandy. 

Henry, John J. His parents came from Coleraine, Ireland. 
John was born in Lancaster, Pa., 1758, and was with Arnold's 
expedition to Quebec. He was captured by the British and 
kept a prisoner for nine months. On being released he was 
offered a lieutenancy in the Pennsylvania line, but desired a 
captaincy in the Virginia line. Ill health interfered somewhat 
with his military career. 

Henry, William, emigrated from Coleraine, Ireland, and 
established a manufactory of arms in Pennsylvania before the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 41 1 

Revolution. In 1777 he was deputy commissary-general and 
was active in sending supplies to the patriot army at Valley 
Forge. He was elected to Congress in 1784, and died in 1786. 

HigginSy ComeliuSy early mentioned in the records of Provi- 
dence, R. I. In 1682 he bought of Andrew Harris, of Paw- 
tucket, R. I., 98^4 acres in Scituate, in the " precincts of jr* 
said Town* of Providence.*' 

Hillhouse, Rev. James, bom in Ireland ; came to America in 
1720; settled in Connecticut, and married a great-granddaugh- 
ter of Capt. John Mason. Their son, William Hillhouse, be- 
came a member of the Continental Congress and was a cavalry 
officer in the Revolution. He represented his town in 106 
semi-annual sessions of the Legislature. 

Hogan, Dennis, a native of Limerick, Ireland; resided in 
Rhode Island; soldier of the Revolution; served in Capt. 
Topham's company of Rhode Island. 

Hogan, James, was in 1776 appointed by the Provincial 
Congress of North Carolina, paymaster of the Third Regiment 
" and of the three companies of Light Horse." 

Hogan, John, a freeholder of Albany, N. Y., in 1742 

Hogan, William, a prominent lawyer; born in New York 
City, 1792; he died in Washington, D. C, about 1875. In 
early life he went with his father to the Cape of Good Hope, 
where he learned the Dutch language. Returning to New 
York City, he was graduated from Columbia in 181 1, and 
studied law. He removed to Franklin County, N. Y. Hogans- 
port, on the St. Lawrence River, was named for him. He 
became a county judge and was elected to Congress, in 1830, 
as a Jacksonian Democrat. Subsequently he was examiner 
of claims in the Department of State, Washington, D. C, and 
was, later, translator. He was a son of Michael Hogan, a 
prominent resident of New York City. William married a 
daughter of John Clendenning, a New York merchant. 



41 a BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Hogutty Henry L., was born in the city of Dublin, Ireland, 
November 5, 18 16. His father, Robert Joseph Hoguet, was 
bom in London, of French parentage. Robert J. Hoguet left 
London when a child and went to France. He served under 
the French colors. He married young, and leaving France, 
settled in Dublin, establishing himself in Grafton street in the 
fur business. Henry L. Hoguet had two brothers, Joseph 
Hoguet and Anthony Hoguet, both bom in Dublin. H. L. 
Hoguet came to this country in 1834, to act as the representa- 
tive of his father's firm, Hoguet & Son, in Maiden lane. New 
York City. In 1837 he married Susan M. Atkinson, daughter 
of David John Atkinson, who lived in 17 Ann street. New 
York. In 1841 he joined the firm of Van Wyck & Kobbe, then 
prominent dry goods auctioneers. In February, 1848, George 
Chesterman and he formed the firm of Chesterman & Hoguet, 
also in the auction business. This firm continued for three 
years, when he formed the firm of Wilmerding, Hoguet & 
Humbert, composed of Henry A. Wilmerding, Henry L. 
Hoguet and Pierre Humbert, which afterwards became Wil- 
merding, Hoguet & Co. He retired from the latter firm in 
1870, remaining, however, as a special partner. In 1859 Mr. 
Hoguet became a trustee of the Emigrant Bank, New York, 
and died as president of that institution, having been its presi- 
dent for twenty-five years. He was also president of the New 
York Catholic Protectory for sixteen years. He had been a 
trustee of St. Patrick's Cathedral, in Mott street, from April 12, 
1852, to March, 1856, and was one of those instrumental in the 
purchase of the present site of the Cathedral, on Fifth avenue. 
He was a trustee of the French Orphan Asylum and French 
Hospital for many years. At the time of his death he was one 
of the four gentlemen in this country who had received the 
title of Chevalier of St. Gregory the Great, which was con- 
ferred upon him by Pope Pius IX. His wife died in 1870, and 
he remarried, in 1872, Hortense Muzard, of Paris, who died 
in France in 1902. His firm was the first financial agents of 
the Irish Woolen and Export Company. He was treasurer of 
the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New York City, 1865-1866, 
and president in 1867. 

Houston, William Churchill, a native of South Carolina; 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH BS 413 

bom in 1740. He became a lawyer. His father, an Irishman, 
came to North Carolina with Lord Cabarrus and settled there. 
William Churchill Houston, the subject of this sketch, was 
graduated from Princeton College, N. J., in 1768. The next 
year he became a tutor in the college, and in 1771 was made 
professor of mathematics and natural philosophy. February 
28, 1776, he Was made captain of militia, in which position he 
served for some time, then resuming his duties at the college. 
He was chosen a member of the New Jersey Assembly in 1777, 
and the next year of the State Council of Safety. He was a 
member of the Continental Congress in 1779-82, and also from 
1784-86; was admitted to the bar in 1783, and became a suc- 
cessful practitioner. Later he was clerk of the Supreme 
Court of New Jersey. He passed away at Frankford, Pa., 
August 12, 1788. 

Hudson, Dr. Edward, bom in County Waterford, Ireland, 
1772; became prominently identified with the Society of 
United Irishmen. He was a resident of Philadelphia, Pa., as 
early as 1803, and practised dentistry there. He died in Phila- 
delphia, 1833, " in the sixtieth year of his age." He was buried 
in St. Peter's churchyard. Third and Pine streets, Philadelphia. 

Hughes, John, archbishop of New York; was born in the 
County Tyrone, Ireland, June 24, 1797, and died in New York, 
January 3, 1864. He was made Roman Catholic bishop of 
New York in 1842, and archbishop in 1850. In 1839 he founded 
St. John's College, Fordham, N. Y. He was an ardent patriot, 
and during the Civil War rendered great service to the cause 
of good government and the Union. 

Hughes, Thomas, a gallant Rhode Island officer of Irish 
descent. He was born in 1752; was a captain in the Revolu- 
tion and a major in the war of 1812. He served with Col. 
Israel Angell's regiment in the War for Independence, and 
was one of the original members of the Rhode Island Society 
of the Cincinnati. 

Hurley, , a hatter in 1825, on Chatham street, New 

York. He presented Lafayette, previous to the latter's depar- 
ture from this country, with a " superb hat, of his own manu- 



4X4 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

facture, for which, when he was offered payment, he positively 
refused, declaring ' that he had been paid half a century since 
for all that he could do for Lafayette/ " The latter, in a letter 
dated September 9, 1825, and written " On board the ' Brandy- 
wine,' " says : " I would say respecting the hats of my good 
friend Mr. Hurley, that for the future I would wish to receive 
from him those of the model of the " Washington " hat, which 
fits me marvelously Well, but on the condition that he will 
receive pay. In this case I would beg him to send me by 
Mr. Whitlock three or four hats a year." 

Jackson, Stephen, bom in Kilkenny, Ireland, 1700. He came 
to America about 1724, to escape political persecution. In 
1725 he wedded Anne Boone, of South Kingstown, R. I. In 
1745 he was a schoolmaster in Providence. He died July 25, 
1765, and was interred in the Providence North Burial Ground. 

Jones, EUlward, of Wilmington, N. C, a native of Ireland, 
was elected to the North Carolina Legislature in 1788, and 
served until 1791, when he became solicitor-general of the 
State. 

Jones, Patrick H., colonel of the One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth Regiment, N. Y. Vols., in the Civil War ; had previously 
served as major in the Thirty-seventh New York, the " Irish 
Rifles ; " became a brigadier-general. 

Jordan, Patrick, settled in what is now Lexington, Ky., 1775. 
Among other settlers there at the time were John Lee 
and Hugh Shannon. " It is recorded that Patrick Jordan 
found a spring down the fork, on which they camped. Joseph 
Lindsey afterward paid Jordan two guineas to allow him to 
locate near the spring, and the first clearing was made there. 
This is now the garden spot of the Blue Grass region of Ken- 
tucky." (From an article by Edward Fitzpatrick, of the 
Louisville " Times," published in Vol. II of the " Journal of 
the American-Irish Historical Society," 1899.) 

Joyce, John O'C, a captain in the Eighty-eighth New York 
Infantry; killed, September 17, 1862, at Antietam. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 41$ 

Joyce, Robert Dwyer, came to America after graduating 
from Queens College, G>rk, in 1866. He settled in Boston, 
where he practiced medicine until his death in 1883. Iii his 
early days in Ireland he was a contributor to the periodicals 
and he published in 1861 a volume of " Ballads/' He also 
wrote " Legends of the Wars in Ireland/' " Irish Fireside 
Tales/' " Ballads of Irish Chivalry/' One of his greatest works 
was " Deirdre/' All his books except the first were g^ven to the 
world in this coimtry. 

Joyes, Patrick, settled in Louisville, Ky., 1784. " He was a 
man of education, speaking French, Spanish and other tongues 
fluently/' He had many descendants. 



Elaine, Patrick, of the American armed vessel ** Cabot/' In 
an engagement, April 6, 1776, between the " Cabot " and the 
British ship " Glasgow," he was killed. 

Kavanagh, John, a captain in the Sixty-third New York 
Regiment in the Civil War ; killed in action at Antietam, Sep- 
tember 17, 1862. 

Kearny, John, of J. & P. Kearny, New York City. Barrett, 
in his " Old Merchants of New York City " (published in 
1885), says: "I remember the old Kearny merchants very 
well. Splendid-looking men they were forty years ago. John 
and Philip resembled each other very much. Philip was a 
very little slighter built than his elder brother. * * * The 
Kearny brothers went into business in 1803, at the corner of 
William and Garden (Exchange) streets [New York]. 

* * * Their father was a very wealthy Irishman and heir 
to the Garrison estate. He settled [in 1776] near Newark, on 
the west bank of the Passaic, and the old mansion is still pos- 
sessed by his descendants. He had a brother, Edward, who 
came out with him. They were both rich. These two broth- 
ers were the progenitors of the Kearny family in America. 

* * * Both Gen. Kearny, U. S. A., and Commodore 
Kearny are of that stock. John W. and Philip Kearny did 
a very large business for some years after they had com- 
menced. They sold merchandise on commission, and did a 



4l6 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

large West India trade. They also owned ships. Their larg- 
est trade was to Antwerp. To that city th^ were large ship- 
pers of produce. When Bonaparte issued his celebrated 
Berlin and Milan decrees and confiscated all the property he 
could find, the firm of J. & P. Kearny were large sufferers. 
Ships were taken and confiscated, as well as a large amount 
of American produce they had shipped to Antwerp, and which 
was lying in the warehouses when seized. Their loss was 
over $150,000. In the time of Gen. Jackson's presidency they 
received about $18,000 of their claim. John W. Kearny mar- 
ried a daughter of Robert Watts, very celebrated in his day, 
and who, until 1814, lived at 33 Pearl street, then a fashion- 
able part of the city. * * * After his marriage John W. 
Kearny, in 1810, built the house 2 Greenwich street. Philip 
Kearny married a daughter of John Watts, of No. 3 Broadway. 
He was married in that house. He continued in business with 
John W. for some years, but after the war he started in busi- 
ness at 40 Wall street, where his brother, Archibald K. 
Kearny, was a ship broker. After that he retired to the old 
homestead, which became his after the death of his father, 
and there he died. Philip left two children; one comes to 
my view now as a pleasant little g^rl of ten years old, with 
a very sweet face. I have never seen her since. Her name 
was Susan. She married a son of Gen. Macomb, of the United 
States army. She is dead, but her children own the old 
Kearny mansion on the west banks of the Passaic. Her 
brother Philip entered the American army. He was out in 
the Mexican War, and behaved very gallantly there — ^lost an 
arm in one of the battles. He was aid to Gen. Scott. Pos- 
sessed of an income of $25,000 a year, he some time ago re- 
signed from the army and went to Europe. He served as a 
volunteer in the French army, and was, if I am not mistaken, 
at the great battles of Magenta and Solferino. ** At the break- 
ing out of the American Civil War Kearny came home, offered 
his services to the President, and became a brigadier-general. 
He built a beautiful * chateau ' on the New York side of the 
Passaic, a short distance above the Newark road. * * * 
John W. Kearny continued in business in New York until 
1830, when he moved up to Saugerties, on the North River, 
where he resided until he died, in December, 1849. He had 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 41? 

several children, one of whom, Philip, married a daughter of 
John G. Warren, who was prominent for years as a broker 
in Wall street, of the firm John G. Warren & Son/' 

Kearney, Daniel, captain of the Jackson Guards, New York 
City, 1835. He was on a conmiittee that year for a military 
and civic ball in honor of the anniversary of the birthday of 
Andrew Jackson. The event was announced to take place at 
Tammany Hall, March 16. 

Keefe, Jcrim, a resident of New York City in 1786. He is 
mentioned as a notary public. 

Keeney, Richard, was granted, in 1712, by the Connecticut 
Assembly, permission to operate a ferry across the Connecti- 
cut River at Hartford. This ferry was discontinued, in 1753, 
by act of the Assembly. 

Kelley, Michael, mentioned in a return, 1781, as of Col. 
Greene's (Rhode Island) " Regiment of Foot." In March of 
that year Kelley was " on command on the lines." 

Kelley, William D., a native of Philadelphia, Pa. ; bom April 
12, 1814; died at Washington, January 9, 1890. In 1841 he 
was admitted to the bar, and from 1861 until his death he was 
a member of Congress from Pennsylvania. He was the 
author of " Letters from Europe " (1880), " The New South " 
(1887), etc. 

Kelly, Daniel, major in the Ninety-fourth Regiment of in- 
fantry, Ontario County, N. Y., 1818. He was appointed that 
year, vice Gibbs, who was made colonel of the regiment. 
Samuel Magee became a captain in the command. 

Kelly, Eugene, merchant and banker; he was born in 
County Tyrone, Ireland, 1806, and died in New York City, 
1894. He came to this country when about twenty-four years 
of age, and entered the employ of the Donnellys, South Will- 
iam street, New York, importers. Later he established, in 
St. Louis, Mo., a branch dry goods house of the Donnellys, 



41 8 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

under the name Eugene Kelly & Co. The enterprise was a 
great success. In 1848 Mr. Kelly was already considered in 
St. Louis to be a rich man. Upon the discovery of gold in 
California he opened a branch house, in San Francisco, of 
Eugene Kelly & Co. In 1861 he established, in San Francisco, 
the banking house of Donohue, Ralston & Co., and in 
New York City, the banking house of Eugene Kelly & Co. 
The San Francisco bank later became known as that of 
Donohue, Kelly & Co., and still later as the Donc^ue- 
Kelly Banking Company. Some time after i860 Mr. Kelly's 
visits to San Francisco were less frequent, and he gave 
practically his whole time to his business in New Yoric. 
He was for thirty years a leading figure in Wall street, and 
engaged in extensive enterprises. The house of Eugene 
Kelly & Co. was dissolved in 1894, Mr. Kelly retiring from 
the banking business to devote himself to the care of his 
private property. He was a member of the New York Cham- 
ber of Commerce, the American Museum of Natural History, 
the Academy of Design, the Geographical Society, and of 
other organizations. He founded the Southern Bank of the 
State of Georgia, and in New York was a director of the Na- 
tional Park Bank, the Equitable Life Assurance Society, the 
Bank of New York, the Title Guarantee and Trust Com- 
pany, the Equitable Gas Light Company, the American Con- 
tracting and Dredging Company, the Emigrant Industrial 
Savings Bank, and of other corporations. He was also a 
director of the Atlanta & Charlotte Air Line Railway, and 
was president of the East & West Railway. He was a mem- 
ber of the New York Board of Education for thirteen years; 
was prominently identified with Seton Hall College, N. J.; 
with the Catholic University, Washington, D. C, and with a 
number of other Catholic institutions. He took much interest 
in the cause of Irish Home Rule, was a generous contributor 
to that cause, and was at one period president in America 
of the Irish National Federation and treasurer of the Irish 
Parliamentary Fund. Mr. Kelly was twice married. His first 
wife, who died in 1848, was Miss Donnelly, sister of Terence 
Donnelly. Mr. Kelly's second wife was Miss Margaret 
Hughes, whom he wedded in 1857. She was a niece of Arch- 
bishop Hughes. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 419 

Kelly, James, lieutenant-colonel of the Sixty-ninth New 
York Regiment in the Civil War. At the battle of Seven Pines 
he captured the Confederate Gen. Pettigrew. 

Kelly, John, a resident of New York city in 1786. He was a 
conveyancer, land and money broker. 

Kelly, John, a native of New York City; born April 21, 1821. 
As a young man, he was quite active ; belonged to the volun- 
teer fire department of New York; was captain of a target 
company, and also displayed considerable dramatic talent. 
He went into business for himself when 24 years of age. He 
was elected an alderman from the Fourteenth Ward in 1854. 
The next year he was elected to Congress, and was re-elected 
in 1857. Before his second term in Congress had expired he 
was chosen sheriff of the city and county of New York, and 
served three years in that position, and was re-elected to the 
office in 1865. While in Congress he eloquently defended 
the Irish Catholics, and vigorously denounced the Know- 
Nothing party. He and Alexander H. Stephens became close 
friends. " In conversation he exhibited the qualities of plain 
common sense, which made him very attractive to the masses, 
while his vitality and energy were positively magnetic. As a 
leader of Tammany he was a vigorous opponent of Tweed." 
He fought Tweed from the opening to the end of the famous 
" ring." He was popularly referred to as " Honest John 
Kelly.'' In 1879, ^s an independent candidate for governor of 
New York State, he polled more than 70,000 votes. He died 
in New York City, June i, 1886. 

Kelly, Michael, a Rhode Island pioneer ; an early resident on 
Conanicut Island, Narragansett Bay, near Newport. He was 
a freeman of the Colony in 1667. On August 26, 1669, he and 
two others were commissioned by the " Councill " to prepare 
the inhabitants of the island (Conanicut) against possible sur- 
prises by the Indians. 

Kelly, Michael, a quarter-gunner aboard the United States 
frigate " Chesapeake " in her conflict with the British frigate 
" Shannon," June 4, 1813. He was killed in the engagement. 



420 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Kelly, Patrick, colonel of the Eighty-eighth New York regi- 
ment in the Civil War. He was killed in action near Peters- 
burg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; a brilliant officer. 

Kelly, Richard A«, captain in the Sixty-ninth Regiment N. Y. 
Vols. ; was killed May 12, 1864, at Spottsylvania. 

Kelly, Robert, a trustee of Rochester University, N. Y., 
which position he resigned in March, 1856, having been elected 
a regent of the University of the State of New York. 

Kelly, Roger, representative from the Isles of Shoals at the 
first General Court of Massachusetts under the new charter, 
1692. 

Kemp, George, a New York merchant; bom in County 
Cavan, Ireland, 1826 ; died in New York city, 1893. He came 
to this country in 1834, and while yet a boy entered the employ 
of Murray & Lanman, dealers in drugs and merchandise. He 
later became a partner in the firm and, eventually, sole pro- 
prietor. He retired from active business in 1867, continuing as 
a special partner only, the firm being known as Lanman & 
Kemp. He invested extensively in real estate, and was a 
member of the Union League Club. 

Kennedy, Terence J., captain of the Third N. Y. Battery in 
the war of the Rebellion ; became major of the Third Artillery; 
died in October, 1863. 

Kenton, Simon, a prominent man in the early history of 
Kentucky. " His father was an Irishman, his mother of 
Scotch descent." He was a native of Virginia. 

King, James, a native of Dublin, Ireland ; resided in Provi- 
dence, R. I. ; soldier of the Revolution ; enlisted at Providence 
" for the war." 

, Larkin, Edward, was a Rhode Island settler as early as 1655. 
His name appears in the " Roule of ye Freemen of ye colonie 
of everie Towne." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 42 1 

T#«rkin, John, a patriot of the Revolution. In 1776 he was 
a member for Hopkinton, R. I., of the '' committee to procure 
arms and accoutrements." 

Law, George, '* projector and promoter of public works/' 
New York city. He was born October 25, 1806, and was the 
son of John Law, '' a poor Irishman, a native of County Down, 
Ireland, who emigrated to America in 1784/' and became a 
farmer in Jackson, N. Y. George Law, the subject of this 
sketch, was bom in Jackson. His biographer states that the 
Law farm included about one hundred acres, the house was an 
old-fashioned plank building, and stood on the Troy road. The 
Law farm eventually comprised 500 acres. George, wishing 
to make his way in the world, departed from the farm with his 
father's consent, and started for Troy, walking the entire dis- 
tance of 36 miles. He became, first a hod carrier, then a mason 
and stone-cutter. In 1827 he worked on the Delaware and 
Hudson canal. George Law in 1828 came to New York, and' 
for a time was employed on the Harlem canal. The next year 
he went to Pennsylvania, and began taking contracts for canal 
work. By 1830 he was worth about $3,000. In 1834 he had 
prospered so well that he was worth about $30,000. By this 
time he had become an engineer and draftsman, and his repu- 
tation as a contractor was very high. It is stated " that if he 
bid for a contract he was almost certain to obtain it." He 
made bids in 1837 for three sections of the Croton Aque- 
duct. Two of these were awarded him, and he was given in 
1839 the contract for erecting the High Bridge. Mr. Law, in 
1842, was chosen president of the Dry Dock Bank. He ex- 
tended the Harlem railroad from Williamsbridge to White 
Plains " and raised the stock to 75 per cent." Later, he started 
a steamship line to the Isthmus of Panama, buying one steam- 
ship and afterwards building two others. Mr. Law learned 
about 1855 that the Eighth Avenue railroad of New York was 
in financial difficulties and unable to complete the work of lay- 
ing its line within the specified period, so that if default were 
made their charter would lapse. He, accordingly, advanced 
$800,000 to the company, hastened forward the construction 
and saved the franchise. He was president of the Eighth Ave- 
nue road at the time of his death, and also built and was a large 



422 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

owner in the Ninth Avenue road. He was also greatly inter- 
ested in river communication, owning the Grand and Roose- 
velt Street ferries and the Staten Island Ferry and railroad. 
He was at one time mentioned as a candidate for President of 
the United States, his name being proposed in the convention 
that nominated Fillmore. Mr. Law died in New York City, 
November i8, 1881. 

Lea, Thomas, a native of Dublin, Ireland ; became a ship- 
ping merchant in Philadelphia; an original member, 1790, of 
the Hibernian Society of the latter city ; married a daughter 
of Chief Justice Shippen. 

Leahy, Laurence, a captain in the Ninth New York regi- 
ment ; was later of the Sixteenth Cavalry ; received honorable 
mention in Col. Kimball's report of the battles of South 
Mountain and Antietam in the Civil War. 

Leary, Arthiu:, a member of the finance committee of the 
Reliance Mutual Insurance Co., of New York city, in 1855, and 
probably earlier. 

Leaving, Capt, an Irishman ; commander of the trading ves- 
sel " Santee," of Charleston, S. C. He and his vessel were cap- 
tured at sea by the British in the war of 1812, and taken to 
Bermuda. One night Capt. Leavins attacked the small British 
crew that had been placed in charge of the " Santee ** and 
forced them to work the latter back to Charleston, ** where he 
arrived amid universal acclamations." 

LefiFerty, Bryan, attorney and private secretary to Sir Will- 
iam Johnson, and became surrogate of Tryon county. N. Y. 
Johnson's will is believed to have been drawn up by him. Sir 
William's farm manager was an Irishman named Flood. 

Linn, John J., a native of County Antrim, Ireland ; born in 
1798 ; a pioneer settler of Texas ; was a member of the Texan 
Congress. Mr. Linn settled in Texas about 1829. His father 
had been identified in Ireland with the United Irishmen, and 
escaping death or imprisonment came to this country. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^3 

Lochrane, O. A., a native of Ireland; became chief justice 
of Georgia ; " a wonderfully gifted man." He was styled " the 
Irish orator." 

Logan, Ben., of Irish parentage. He settled at what is now 
Stanford, Ky., 1775 » was a companion of Daniel Boone. Logan 
" planted the first corn in what is now known as Lincoln 
county, was a colonel in the militia, and was one of the most 
daring of the early pioneers." 

Long, Pierse, came from Limerick, Ireland, and settled in 
Portsmouth, N. H. His son, Col. Pierse Long, was a patriot 
of the Revolution, and had command of a regiment. A daugh- 
ter of Col. Long wedded Tobias Lear, who was Washington's 
secretary. 

Loughlin, John, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Brook- 
lyn, New York. He was a native of County Down, Ireland, 
and was born December 20, 1817. His father came to America 
about 1823, bringing his family with him, and settled in Al- 
bany, N. Y. John, the subject of this sketch, was ordained 
priest at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York, by Bishop 
Hughes, October 18, 1840. He was then appointed curate of 
St. John's Church, Utica, N. Y. Bishop Hughes, in 1848, trans- 
ferred him to St. Patrick's Cathedral, New; York, where he was 
made pastor, and the next year vicar-general of the diocese. 
He was consecrated Bishop of Brooklyn, October 30, 1853. He 
died January 29, 1891. 

Lunny, Lieut., an officer of the Republican Greens of New 
York city. He died in 181 1, and his obsequies took place on 
St. Patrick's Day, that year. Speaking of his funeral, the New 
York " Shamrock " says : " The obsequies of Lt. Lunny, of the 
Republican Greens, were performed by the battalion of which 
he was a member. It was the anniversary of St. Patrick, the 
titular saint of the country of which they are natives. As it 
was the Sabbath, the festivities of the day were postponed for 
the exercise of devotion. But they had a still more solemn 
call, to refrain from their accustomed hilarity. The corpse of 
their departed brother (who was born and buried on the 17th 



424 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

of March) demanded the closing tribute of their regards. The 
ceremony was affecting and interesting. When the battalion 
received the coffin, bearing the helmet and arms of the de- 
ceased, the procession commenced, attended by the full band 
of the corps, and the music began with the melancholy and 
expressive air of ' The Exile of Erin,' an air dear to every 
emigrant from that ill-fated isle, and respected by all who 
cherish an honourable feeling and attachment to the land 
which gave them birth, in whatever country they may reside. 
A vast concourse of citizens attended the funeral. And the 
unanimity and fervor of the troops, in bestowing the last testi- 
mony of their affection to a worthy brother and companion in 
arms, merited and obtained the commendation and sympathy 
of the spectators." 

Lynch, Charles, a patriot officer of the Revolution. He was 
a brother of John Lynch, the founder of Lynchburg, Va., and 
son of John Lynch, an Irish emigrant. It is said that Col. 
Charles Lynch, owing to his prompt dealing with lawless 
Tories and desperadoes, gave origin to the term " Lynch 
Law." Col. Lynch resided in the southwest part of Campbell 
county, Va., where his grandson, Charles Henry Lynch, after- 
ward resided. Col. Lynch commanded a rifle regiment at the 
battle of Guilford Court House. He died soon after the close 
of hostilities. He had a son, Charles Lynch, who became gov- 
ernor of Louisiana. 

Lynch, Lieut-Col. James, a New York cavalry officer in 
1812-13. He is mentioned in the military papers of Gov. D. 
D. Tompkins of New York. 

Lynch, John, an Irish emigrant, who settled in Virginia 
before the Revolution. He had a son, John, who was one of 
the founders of Lynchburg, Va. Among his associates in the 
founding of the town were John Clarke, Adam Clement, 
Charles Lynch, William Martin and Joseph Stratton. Lynch- 
burg is on the south shore of the James river, and has at pres- 
ent a population of about 20,000. It is a commercial and manu- 
facturing city, and is largely engaged in the tobacco trade. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^5 

During the Civil War the Confederates used it as a base of 
supplies. 

Lynch, Michael, a captain in the Twenty-first Georgia regi- 
ment (Confederate). He " was full-blooded Irish, with all the 
mellow accent of the Emerald Isle." Gen. Clement A. Evans 
said of him : " I do not think a braver, truer man fought in any 
army." 

Lynch, Patricio, a Chilean naval officer of Irish extraction. 
He was born at Santiago, Chile, 1824; died at sea. May, 1886. 
In 1865 he fought against the Spaniards. In 1880 he was en- 
gaged in operations in the northern coast regions of Peru, 
later commanding a division in the attack on Lima ; was mili- 
tary governor of Lima for the Chileans, May 4, 1881, to Octo- 
ber 22, 1883. In November, 1881, he deposed and imprisoned 
President Calderon. In 1883 Lynch invested Iglesias with 
supreme power. Lynch was minister to Spain, 1884-86. 

Lynch, Peter, a resident of New York City in 1737. His 
name appears signed to a petition that year, demanding the 
removal from office of the sheriff, William Cosby. Among 
other signers of the petition were Andrew White, John Mc- 
Lennon, John Cannon, Peter Cannon, Charles Hanlon, John 
Daily, James Darcy and James Carroll. 

Lyons, Peter, born in Ireland; settled in Virginia, and in 
1779 was made a judge. One of his descendants, James Lyons, 
Jr., was a colonel on the staff of Governor O'Ferrall of Vir- 
ginia. 

Macarty, Pictcr, mentioned in Pearson's " Genealogies," 
relating to the *' Ancient County of Albany, N. Y.," as of Half 
Moon. He married, in 1736, Greefje Rhee. His second wife 
(1742) was Anna Abt. 

Maccabe, Abbe, chaplain of the French warship " L'Anni- 
bal " during the American Revolution. His name indicates 
him as of Irish birth or extraction. He came to America with 
our allies. 



426 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Maccarty, Dennis, of Warren, R. I. He was " eng-aged in 
the expedition against Crown Point." His will was probated 

1757. 

Maccarty, Florence. He bought land in Roxbury, Mass., in 
1693. He was a provision dealer and contractor in Boston. 
He subsequently added to his Roxbury purchase, the property 
becoming known as the " Maccarty farm." The tract at one 
time comprised 60 acres. 

Mackey, Patrick, went from Philadelphia, Pa., to Provi- 
dence, R. I. In 1768 he opened a shop in the latter place, 
" near the Hayward on the east side of the great bridge." 

MacManus, John, a resident of Louisville, Ky., in 1782. 
Also residing there at that time were John Doyle, Thomas 
McCarty, James Sullivan, Thomas Purcell, Andrew Hincs, 
James Cunningham, John Cunningham, and others, " a pretty 
good Irish settlement for those days, when a man who went 
out to plough corn was obliged to take his rifle along to defend 
himself against hostile Indians." 

Magee, Capt James, " a convivial, noble-hearted Irishman/' 
commanded an American privateer in the Revolution. In the 
winter of 1779 ^^s ship was driven ashore near Plymouth, 
Mass., during a terrible storm, and 79 of the crew were frozen 
to death. Twenty-eight of the survivors were rescued by the 
men of Plymouth. 

Magennis, Daniel, a name frequently met in King Philip's 
war, 1675-6. Daniel became a corporal, and was at one time 
company clerk. He served at various times under Capt. 
Henchman, Capt. Wheeler and other commanders. 

Maginnis, John, born in Dromore, County Londonderry, Ire- 
land. He died in New Orleans, La., 1863, aged 49 years. He 
was for many years a resident of New Orleans, and long con- 
nected with the press. For about two years — from 1843 ^^ 
1845 — ^c was attached to the " Picayune " of that city. He 
then accepted a position in the office of the " Delta," and held 
it until the summer of 1849. During the Mexican war, being 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^7 

then the business manager of the " Delta," he contributed 
greatly to the success of that journal by the enterprise he 
displayed in procuring news of the progress of the war. On 
November i8, 1849, almost unassisted, he commenced the pub- 
lication of the " True Delta," and after years of hard struggle 
succeeded in making it one of the most popular, profitable and 
influential journals in the city. 

Magrathy William, painter, born in Cork, Ireland, 1838 ; at- 
tended the Cork School of Art ; opened a studio in New York 
City ; was an early member of the American Society of Paint- 
ers in Water Colors. In 1876 he became a National Academ- 
ician. 

Mahan, Dennis Hart, a military engineer. He was a native 
of New York, and was born April 2, 1802 ; died, September 16, 
1871, near Stony Point, N. Y. From 1832 until his death he 
was professor of engineering at West Point. He wrote a 
" Treatise on Field Fortifications " (1836) ; a work on " Mili- 
tary Engineering" (1865-67), and other productions. 

Mahon, Patrick, was in 181 5 made quartermaster of the 
Fortieth Regiment, Herkimer County, N. Y. 

Major, Daniel, a lawyer, who was located, in 1835, at 45 Ann 
street, New York City. He was associated with Raymond 
Savage. The following advertisement appeared at the time: 
" English and Irish Law Agency Society — ^The subscribers, 
natives of the Old Country, from their extensive acquaint- 
ance with members of the English and Irish Bars, have 
established a regular correspondence under the above title, 
by which means they can have any legal business transacted 
in all parts of the United Kingdom. R. S. has but lately 
arrived in this country, and as will appear by his authenticated 
vouchers, having been admitted and practised as a Lawyer in 
the Law and Equity Courts of England and Ireland, he is 
conversant with the due preparation of legal documents to be 
used in the Courts of Westminster, London, Four Courts, 
Dublin, and in any part of England or Ireland. The sub- 
scribers can be consulted on any point of English Jurisprud- 



428 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

ence and on title to freehold and real estate. Communications 
from the country, containing a fee, shall be duly attended to. 
Chambers of the Society, 45 Ann street. Raymond Savage, 
Daniel Major." At the same period Major has the following 
advertisement : " Daniel Major, Attorney at Law, having con- 
nexion with members of the Irish Bar in Belfast and Dublin, 
is enabled to transact any professional business in the United 
States, and in his native country. He may be consulted upon 
all questions under the present Irish system of Jurisprudence, 
especially of inheritance and title to real estate. Office, 45 
Ann street. New York." 

Mark, Patrick, was of Charlestown, Mass., in 1685, ^^ being 
then 55 years of age. His wife's name was Sarah. Their 
children were Sarah, Peter, Hannah and Mercie. A daughter 
was killed by the Indians, 1691. 

Martin, Patrick, mentioned in the marriage records of old 
Albany, N. Y., as " trommelslager onder de compag^ie grana- 
diers von de Hon. Richard Ingoldsby." He married Mary Cox 
in 1707. 

Mathers, James, sergeant-at-arms and door-keeper to the 
Senate of the United States. He died in Washington, D. C, 
181 1. Mr. Mathers was an Irishman by birth and came to 
this country some time prior to the Revolution, in which strug- 
gle he took an active part. Removing his family from New 
York, he joined the Patriot army, and remained with it until 
the close of the war. He displayed great bravery in several 
actions, and was on one occasion severely wounded. He was 
buried with the honors of war, his funeral being attended not 
only by the military but by a large concourse of private citi- 
zens. Among those present at the obsequies were a detach- 
ment of the Marine Corps, heads of departments and other 
people of note. 

Mathews, Patrick, merchant, of Albany, N. Y. ; bom in 
Dublin, Ireland ; died in Albany, 181 1. He is believed to have 
participated in the Irish Rebellion of 1798; sailed for America 
with his wife, located in New York, and started in business. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^9 

He was an ensign in the Republican Greens. His wife died 
while still a young woman, and the husband soon after re- 
moved to Albany. He was president of the St. Patrick Society 
of Albany. 

Maunsell, John, son of Richard Maunsell of Limerick, Ire- 
land, and Jane, daughter of Richard Waller, of Castle Waller, 
County Tipperary. He was born in 1724, and when seventeen 
years of age was made an ensign in the British army. He 
served under Wolfe, was in the sieges of Louisbourg, Quebec 
and Montreal ; took part in the action on the Plains of Abra- 
ham, where he was wounded and carried from the field. He 
became a lieutenant-general in the British service. He had 
previously received a grant of lands in New York and Ver- 
mont. His second wife was Elizabeth Stillwell, widow of 
Capt. Peter Wraxall, the marriage taking place in New York 
city, 1763. At the outbreak of the Revolution, leaving Mrs. 
Maunsell in New York, Maunsell then a lieutenant-colonel, 
went to England to devote his service to the Crown, and Was 
assigned to duty at Kinsale, Ireland, where Mrs. Maunsell 
soon joined him. After the Peace he was retired, and with his 
wife returned to New York in 1784. Gen. Maunsell was a 
member of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New York, as 
early as 1789. He had a farm of about sixty acres on Harlem 
Heights, which, in April, 1795, he offered for sale, intending to 
devote the proceeds to purchasing a house " in town." But he 
died July 27, 1795. His wife died in 1815. She had a niece, 
who married Aaron Burr. Mrs. Maunsell is described as hav- 
ing been of remarkable beauty. A portrait of her is in posses- 
sion of the family of the late H. Maunsell Schieffelin. We are 
indebted for the facts here stated to Mr. Bartholomew Moyna- 
han, of New York City. 

McAfiFerty, Charles, a native of Londonderry, Ireland ; sol- 
dier of the American Revolution; enlisted at Bristol, R. I., 
March 28, 1777, " for the war "; was " on main guard, Morris- 
town," March, 1780. 

McCartee, Peter, was a currier, and long famous as such in 
New York's " Swamp " district. His home was at 12 Jacob 
street. He died in 1835, being then at least 78 years of age. 



430 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



McCarthey, Charles, a captain in the One Hundred and 
Seventy-fifth N. Y. regiment in the war of the Rebellion ; took 
part in the engagements imder Gen. Banks, on the march from 
Brashear City to Opelousas, La. 

McCarthy, Dennis, merchant, Syracuse, N. Y. ; bom in 
Salina, N. Y., 1814; died in Syracuse, 1886. He engaged in 
the wholesale dry-goods business and was very successful; He 
was at various times a member of the State Legislature, Mayor 
of Syracuse, member of Congress, and president of the State 
Senate. He was likewise identified with banking and other 
business interests. 

McCarthy, Dennis, an old New York merchant ; resided at 
352 Broadway. He was a wholesale and retail grocer, and had 
stores in Chambers, Chatham and Market streets. In creed 
he was a Catholic. He died without having made a will, and 
the estate was in litigation for some years. " Do all the good 
you can, young man," was advice he used to give friends who 
were his juniors. 

McCarthy, John, a soldier of the Revolution. He was a 
member of the Rhode Island regiment commanded by Col. 
Elliott. 

McCarthy, Jonathan, prominent citizen of Indiana. He was 
born in Tennessee, of Irish extraction, and early engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. He was elected to Congress from his 
State, and represented the latter in that body from 1831-37. 
He died in Iowa, 1855. 

McCarty, Daniel, speaker of the Virginia House of Bur- 
gesses, 1715. His tomb in Westmoreland County, Va., gives 
the date of his birth as 1679. 

McCarty, David, brigadier-general, commander of a brigade 
in Albany county, N. Y., 1793, and for several years after. 

McCarty, Capt. John, of New London, Conn.; died, while 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 43 1 

on a return voyage from the West Indies, in 1804. His wife 
died soon after, leaving four young children, including Eliza- 
beth, who married Samuel Forman, of Syracuse, N. Y. ; Re- 
becca, who married Schuyler Van Rensselaer, of Albany, 
N. Y., and Abby, who married Sanders Van Rensselaer, brother 
to Schuyler. Capt. Richard McCarty, believed to be father or 
brother of Capt. John, was lost at sea in 1779. 

McCarty, John, spoken of in the New York " Shamrock," 
about 181 1, as "first judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 
and for the county of Montgomery," N. Y. 

McCarty, Patrick,*a captain in the One Hundred and Seven- 
tieth Regiment, N. Y. Vols. ; killed May 24, 1864. 

L> 

McCarty, Richard, a major in the Revolution. One of his 
ancestors was of a " group of Irishmen who named the little 
town of Kinsale on the Potomac about 1662." 

McCarty, Thomas, a soldier of the Revolution ; belonged to 
the militia of Elizabeth, N. J. In January, 1776, he was among 
the patriots who volunteered aboard various sloops in order to 
take the ship " Blue Mountain Valley." Among his associates 
in this patriotic enterprise were Sergt. Thomas Quigley, James 
Clancey, Timothy Burns, and William Higgins. (Mr. James 
L. O'Neill, Elizabeth, N. J., mentions the incident in a con- 
tribution to Vol. III., "Journal of the American-Irish His- 
torical Society." 

McCarty, William, a New York officer in the War of 1812. 
He was appointed captain in a volunteer corps of three com- 
panies, he being assigned the command of the second company. 
The order was issued from " Headquarters, New York, 17th 
day, November, 1812." 

McCloskey, John, the first American cardinal. He was a 
native of Brooklyn, N. Y., and Was born March 20, 1810; he 
died at New York, October 10, 1885. In 1841-42 he was presi- 
dent of St. John's College, Fordham, N. Y. In 1844, he was 



432 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

made bishop in partibus. He was Bishop of Albany, 1847-64, 
and became Archbishop of New York during the latter year. 
He was created cardinal in 1875. 

McClure, George, bom near Londonderry, Ireland, 1771; 
died in Illinois, 1851. He came to Baltimore in 1791 ; located 
in Bath, N. Y., 1794, and moved to Illinois in 1835, where he 
held various offices, including that of sheriff, surrogate, mem- 
ber of the legislature and judge. In 1813, during our second 
war with England, he commanded a brigade on the Buffalo 
frontier. 

McClure, John, a patriot of the Revolution; "one of the 
master spirits of South Carolina " ; was of the " Chester Rocky 
Creek Irish," and was bom in that district He held the rank 
of captain, and was killed in battle. 

McConnell, Hugh, adjutant during the Revolution of the 
New York regiment of levies commanded by Col. Lewis Du- 
bois. John McBride was a captain in the regiment, and James 
M. Hughes was major of the command. 

McCormick, Daniel, surgeon in the United States navy ; died 
at Cumberland Island, State of Georgia, August 20, 181 1. The 
New York " Shamrock," in an obituary notice at the time, said 
of him : " His was no common mind ; his effulgent fancy has 
often appeared, in chaste and winning numbers, in this paper ; 
and all who have seen the signature of D. M. C. will deplore 
his loss with the friend who offers this humble tribute to his 
memory." 

McCormick, Hugh, was a partner of Richard Cunningham 
and John Murray, tanners and curriers. The firm was styled 
Cunningham & McCormick. Their place of business was near 
the old powder house and sun-fish pond, at the foot of Murray 
Hill, New York. Mr. McCormick died in 1827, aged 52 years. 

McCrea, Jane, killed and scalped by the Indians at Fort Ed- 
ward, N. Y., in 1777. She was but twenty years old at the 
time and her tragic fate elicited great regrets. Miss McCrea 
was a daughter of Rev. James McCrea. The latter came 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 433 

from Ireland when he was but seventeen years of age, became 
a Presbyterian minister, and settled in New Jersey. 

McCullough, John Edward, a distinguished tragedian. He 
-was a native of Coleraine, Ireland, and was bom November 2, 
1837. He died at Philadelphia, Pa., November 8, 1885. He 
was brought to the United States when a boy, and made his 
first appearance on the stage at Philadelphia in 1855. He was 
associated much in the profession with Forrest, who consid- 
ered him his histrionic successor, and bequeathed him his 
manuscript plays. McCullough succumbed, mentally and 
physically, in 1884, and died insane. 

McCurtin, Daniel, a soldier of the Patriot army at the siege 
of Boston, Mass., during the Revolution. He kept a " Jour- 
nal " of his observations and experiences. The same has been 
published, and narrates many interesting incidents of the siege. 
The " Journal " may be found in " Papers Relating Chiefly to 
the Maryland Line During the Revolution," edited by Thomas 
Balch. 

McDermot, Lawrence, one of the signers in 1795 of a peti- 
tion to the State Legislature of New York, demanding an in- 
vestigation into the Livingston title, which title had been 
granted in 1684-5, by Gov. Dongan. The petitioners were in- 
habitants of the " town of Livingston, in the county of Colum- 
bia," N. Y. In addition to McDermot, they included Thomas 
Conor, Murphy Maclntire, and a great many others. 

McDermott, John, a captain in the Sixth Ward National 
Guards, New York City, 1835. The corps was organized that 
year, the presiding officer at a preliminary meeting being 
George Mills, a veteran of the Revolution. In addition to 
McDermott, John L. Dillon was also appointed a captain in 
the organization. Among the lieutenants were John McGrath, 
Henry McCadden, EdVvard Log^e and H. Mullany. 

McDermott, Peter, colonel of the One Hundred and Seven- 
tieth Regiment, N. Y. Vols., in the war of the Rebellion. The 
command was organized on Staten Island, and was led to the 
front by Col. McDermott, who soon afterwards resigned. 



434 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

McDonogh, John, a native of Baltimore, Md., but forty years 
a resident of Louisiana. He has been spoken of as " an eccen- 
tric millionaire." He died, in 1850, at McDonoghville, opposite 
the city of New Orleans. 

McDonough, Thomas, an American naval officer of Irish 
descent. He was born in New Castle County, Del., December 
23, 1783, and died at sea, November 16, 1825. In a naval battle 
on Lake Champlain, September 11, 1814, he defeated a British 
squadron. In 1814 he Was made a captain in the U. S. navy. 

McElligott, James N., a prominent educator. He was a 
native of Richmond, Va., and was born October 13, 1812. He 
was of Irish ancestry. He came to New York at an early age, 
attended New York University and became an instructor and 
vice-principal at the Mechanic Society Institute. In 1853. 
he opened a classical school, which he conducted until his 
death. He was the author of various publications of an educa- 
tional nature, and at the time of his death was at work on a 
Latin grammar, which he intended to follow with a like work 
on Greek. He also had a fluent knowledge of French and Ger- 
man, and had devoted much attention to Sanskrit. The de- 
gree of M. A. was bestowed upon him, in 1840, by Yale, while 
in 1852 Harrodsburg College, Ky., conferred upon him the 
degree LL.D. He was at one time a candidate for orders in 
the Protestant Episcopal Church, but was never ordained. He 
labored much among the poor, and died in New York city, 
October 22, 1866. 

McEvilly, William, colonel of the One Hundred and Fifty- 
fifth Regiment, N. Y. Vols., in the war of the Rebellion. The 
regiment formed part of the Irish Brigade. 

McGee, James E., a captain in the Sixty-ninth New York 
Regiment in the Civil War. At Antietam Capt. McGee " re- 
mained on the field until his company was reduced to five 
men beside himself, and carried the colors in his own hand." 

McGee, Patrick, captain in Lieut.-Col. Jonathan Niles' regi- 
ment, Rensselaer County, N. Y., 1793. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 43 S 

McGee, Thomas, captain of light infantry in Lieut.-Col. 
Adiel Sherwood's regiment, Washington County, N. Y., 1789. 

McGee, Thomas D'Arcy, journalist and author ; a native 
of Carlingford, Ireland, where he was born April 13, 1825. 
He was killed at Ottawa, Can., April 7, 1868. His writ- 
ings include " Irish Settlers in America " (1851), and a " His- 
tory of Ireland." 

McGill, Andrew Ryan, governor of Minnesota, 1887-89; 
born at Saegertown, Pa., 1840; grandson of Patrick McGill, 
who emigrated from Ireland, 1774, with Arthur McGill, a 
brother, and settled in Pennsylvania. 

McGinnis, James, a captain in the Eighth New York Heavy 
Artillery ; killed, August 25, 1864, at Ream's Station. 

McGloin, Patrick, a founder of the colony of " San Patricio," 
in Texas. The grant was made in 1828, and was to accommo- 
date 200 families. John McMuIlen was an associate of Mc- 
Gloin in the enterprise. 

McGonegall, Robert, captain in Lieut.-Col. Matthew Scott's 
regiment, Columbia County, N. Y., 1787. 

McGowan, Andrew, a member of the Texan convention 
which, in 1845, voted for annexation to the United States. 

McGrath, Capt, a commander of the Emerald Guards, Third 
Alabama Regiment (Confederate). He Was wounded at Will- 
iamsburg, second Manassas, the Wilderness, and Spottsyl- 
vania ; " was brought home to die." 

McGrath, Eugene, Sr., a captain in the Fifth New York 
Artillery in the Civil War. He had also served in the war 
with Mexico. He was promoted major for gallantry at the 
battle of Opequan. 

McGuinness, Edwin D., of Irish parentage ; twice secretary 
of state of Rhode Island and twice mayor of Providence. He 
died a few years ago. 



436 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

McHenry, John, bom in Ireland, 1798; arrived in New Or- 
leans, 1812 ; took part in Long's expedition to Texas. Later 
he engaged in trade between New Orleans and Texas. He has 
been spoken of as ''that true-hearted son of Ireland, Capt. 
John McHenry." 

Mclvor, James P., succeeded Col. Peter McDermott as 
colonel of the One Hundred and Seventieth Regiment, N. Y. 
Vols. Col. Mclvor became brevet brigadier-general. 

McKenna, Owen. In 1826 he was in business at 76 Canal 
street, New York. He advertises " a good assortment of dry 
goods, bought at auction, and sold at very reduced prices." 

McKown, James, served with the rank of major on the staff 
of Gen. Paul Todd, of the Eighth Division of Infantry, New 
York, 1812. 

McLaughlin, Joseph, a major, in 181 5, of the Ninety-first 
Regiment, Orange County, N. Y. Michael Smith was 
lieutenant-colonel of the regiment. John McGarrah wks an 
ensign in the command. 

McLaughlin, Thomas, of Bedford, N. H., was lieutenant in 
Capt. John Moore's company. Col. Stark's regiment, at the 
battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. McLaughlin was made 
captain of the company the morning after the battle, in place 
of Moore, promoted. 

McLean, Hugh, a native of Ireland, bom in 1724; died in 
Milton, Mass., 1799. He married Agnes, a daughter of Capt. 
Boies, of Milton, and was associated in business with Capt. 
Boies. Hugh McLean's son, John, was a benefactor of Har- 
vard College and other institutions. 

McMahan, John, lieutenant-colonel commandant in the 
brigade of Gen. T. S. Hopkins, Niagara County, N. Y., 1812. 

McMahon, John, brigadier-general of the Forty-third 
Brigade of infantry, Chautauqua County, N. Y. ; appointed 
in 1816. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 437 

McMahon, John, captain of the Jasper Greens (Irish) of 
Savannah, Ga., in the war with Mexico. He succeeded Capt. 
Henry R. Jackson on the latter being promoted. 

McMahon, John, one of a group of scouts who, in 1755, 
were serving under Gtpt. James Neal, of New Hampshire. 
These scouts also included Sergt. Philip Johnson, Francis Orr, 
James Rowe and William Mack. They were engaged in 
guarding the frontiers of New Hampshire. 

McMahon, John E., colonel of the One. Hundred and Sixty- 
fourth New York Regiment during the Civil War, which regi- 
ment he was very largely instrumental in raising. He died 
in March, 1863, and was succeeded in command of the regi- 
ment by his brother. Col. James P. McMahon. Gen. Martin 
T. McMahon Was another brother. 

McMahon, Michael, a captain in the Twenty-fifth New 
York Infantry ; killed. May 27, 1862, at Hanover Court House. 

McMillan, Robert, colonel of the Twenty-fourth Georgia 
Infantry (Confederate) in the Civil War. He was a native 
of Ireland. His son, Garnett, was major of the regiment. 

McMullan, Patrick, is mentioned in the Rhode Island rec- 
ords as a marine aboard the " Providence." He entered Janu- 
ary 5, 1776. 

McQuade, James, an early New Hampshire settler. In 
1745, as he and Robert Bums were returning to their homes 
from Penacook, N. H., whither they had gone, presumably 
from Bedford, N. H., to procure corn, they were fired on by 
Indians. McQuade was shot down and killed, but Bums 
escaped. 

McReady, Dennis, a resident of New York City. In 1786 
he was a member of the General Society of Mechanics and 
Tradesmen. 

McSparran, Rev. James, an Irish clergyman of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church. In 1720 he was sent as a missionary 
to Narragansett, R. I. He arrived there in April, 1721, and 



/ 



438 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

was made pastor of St. Paul's Church, Kingstown, R. I., where 
he remained until his death in 1757. He could speak, read and 
write the Irish language, and always entertained a ivarm a£Fec- 
tion for his native land and its people. 

McSweeney, Bryan, resided in Holdemess, N. H. ; "a vet- 
eran of the old French, Indian and Revolutionary wars." 

Meagher, Thomas Francis, a distinguished soldier. He was 
a native of Waterford, Ireland, and was bom August 3, 1823. 
He was drowned near Fort Benton, Mont., July i, 1867. He 
early espoused the cause of Irish liberty and became, in 1844, 
an orator of the Irish Repeal Association. For advocating 
an uprising in Ireland he was called by Thackeray " Meagher 
of the Sword." In July, 1848, he was made a member of the 
War Directory of the Irish Confederation. In August, 1848, 
he was arrested by the British government and transported 
to Van Diemen's Land in 1849. In 1852 he escaped to New 
York and in 1855 was admitted to the bar in that State. He 
entered the Union army in 1861, organized the Irish Brigade, 
and, early in 1862, was commissioned brigadier-general. He 
took part in the first and second battles of Bull Run, in the 
Seven Days' battles near Richmond, and was also a participant 
in the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg and Chancellors- 
ville. He resigned in May, 1863. In 1865 he was made secre- 
tary and in 1866 acting governor of Montana, which position 
he held at the time of his death. He was the author of " Rec- 
ollections of Ireland and the Irish," and, with John Savage, 
published " Speeches on the Legislative Independence of Ire- 
land." Meagher was a man of undoubted oratorical and liter- 
ary ability. In 1856 he was editing the " Irish News," New 
York City. 

Melally, Capt., commanded an American privateer in the 
Revolution. He was With his ship at Newport, R. I., soon 
after the enemy had evacuated the latter place. Supposing 
Newport to be still held by the British, the British sloop 
" Crawford " came into Newport harbor one evening, where- 
upon Capt. Melally manned one of his boats, sent her aboard 
the " Crawford," and took possession of the latter. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 439 

Merry, Cornelius, an Irishman, of Northampton, Mass. ; had 
a grant of land in 1663. He married Rachel Ballard. Their 
children were John, who "died soon;" John (2d), bom in 
1665; Sarah, bom 1668; Rachel, 1670; Cornelius, Leah, and 
perhaps others. Cornelius, the father, participated in the 
*' Fall's Fight " against the Indians. After the war he removed 
to Long Island, N. Y. 

Mitchel, John, an Irish patriot and leader in the Young 
Ireland movement. In 1848 he was convicted as editor of 
the " United Irishman," and was sentenced to fourteen years' 
banishment. He escaped from Van Diemen's Land, and in 
1854 came to New York. He resided in the United States 
until 1874, when he went back to Ireland. In 1875 he was 
elected to the British Parliament for Tipperary, but was de- 
clared not eligible. He was a man of great ability, a sterling 
patriot, and was the author of a number of important works. 

MonkSy Daniel, a native of Ireland ; soldier of the American 
Revolution; resided at Newport, R. I.; served in Capt. 
Hughes's company of Col. Angell's regiment, and is also men- 
tioned as in " Col. Greene's Regiment of Foot." 

Mookler, James, an Irishman residing in Hartford, Conn., 
1768. He was a barber and had a shop on Main street. It is 
stated that " in a room over the shop was established the first 
printing office in Hartford." 

Moore, Andrew Barry, governor of Alabama, 1857-61. He 
was a native of the Spartanburg district, S. C, and was born 
March 7, 1807. He taught school, became a lawyer, was a 
justice of the peace, and served several terms in the State 
Legislature. He became, in 1852, judge of the Circuit Court, 
and served in that office till 1857, when he was chosen gov- 
ernor. 

Moore, James, governor of South Carolina; 1700-03, and in 
1719-21. He conducted an expedition against the Spaniards 
at St. Augustine, 1702; chastised the Appalachian Indians in 
1703, and was later judge of the admiralty court. In 1721-25 
he was speaker of the Assembly. 



440 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Moore, Jeremiah, lieutenant-colonel commandant of a regi- 
ment in Gen. Abraham Rose's brigade of infantry, Suffolk 
County, N. Y., 1812. 

Moore, John, " formerly of Dublin/' was in Charlestown, 
Mass., about 1680. He was a shipwright, and is mentioned in 
Wyman's " Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown.'* 

Moore, Maurice, born at Charleston, S. C, about 1670; be- 
came a soldier. He was the son of Governor James Moore of 
South Carolina. Judge Maurice Moore and Gen. James Moore 
were sons of Maurice, the subject of this sketch. He died 
about 1745. 

Moore, Patrick, Philadelphia, Pa. ; a merchant and partner 
of Blair McClenachan, in 1777, of that city. The same year 
he Was treasurer of the Pennsylvania State Board of War. In 
1802 he was a member of the Hibernian Society of Philadel- 
phia. He was also at one period a member of the First City 
Troop. 

Morris, Rev. Robert, pastor of the First Church in Green- 
wich, Conn., in 1785; he was "bom and brought up in N. 
York. His parents came from Ireland, the Father a rigid 
Churchman, his mother a Roman Catholic. He living and 
being brot up with a Baptist at N. York became one." 

Mortimer, Philip, came from Ireland, and was one of the 
Selectmen of Middletown, Conn., in 1749. He was a rope- 
maker, was wealthy, and donated Mortimer Cemetery to the 
town. Being childless, he sent to Ireland for his niece to come 
out and become his adopted daughter. The son of Capt. John 
Reid, Mortimer's partner, was sent to Boston with a coach and 
four, and escorted her to Middletown. 

Mulcahy, Thomas, major in the One Hundred and Thirty- 
ninth New York Regiment in the war of the Rebellion : men- 
tioned for gallantry in the attack on the enemy at Petersburg, 
June 15, 1864. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 441 

Mullen, Philip, fire master of the city of Albany, N. Y., in 
1755. The same year Philip Ryley "was in charge of the 
town clock." 

Mulligan, James A., a distinguished soldier during the Civil 
War. He was a native of Utica, N. Y., of Irish extraction, 
and was born about 1830. Later the family went to Chicago. 
He was admitted to the bar, and subsequently occupied a 
position in the Interior Department at Washington, D. C. 
At the breaking out of the war he returned to Chicago, re- 
cruited a regiment which was soon in the field and partici- 
pated in the defence of Lexington, Mo. He afterward took 
part in a number of engagements and was mortally wounded 
at Winchester. 

Mulligan, John, a marine aboard the United States frigate 
" Chesapeake/' who was killed in the battle, June 4, 1813, with 
the British frigate " Shannon." 



Mulligan, John W., lieutenant-colonel commandant of the 
Fifth Regiment, New York County, N. Y., 1810. James Daly 
was a captain in the regiment 

Mullins, Allan, surgeon ; a son of Dr. Alexander Mullins, of 
Galway, Ireland. Allan married Abigail Butler, daughter of 
John Butler, of New London, Conn., 1725. Rev. James H. 
O'Donnell, of Norwalk, Conn., says : " John Butler, with his 
brother Thomas, were the first settlers of Waterford, near 
New London. It is not far-fetched to suppose that the Butlers 
named the Connecticut town after the city of the same name 
in Ireland. A part of Waterford (Conn.) was for many years 
known as ' Butler-Town.' " 

Murphey, Archibald DeBow, son of Col. Archibald Mur- 
phey, was born in Caswell County, N. C, 1777. He " was not 
only the father of the North Carolina common schools, but 
of the first geological work done under governmental auspices 
in America, and was the first native historian of North Caro- 
lina. A distinguished lawyer, he was elected a judge of the 
Superior Court by the Legislature in 1818 ; he served for two 



442 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

years, and was once given a special commission as judge oi 
the Supreme Court. He published three volumes of reports, 
embracing the decision of cases from 1804 to 1819. Judge 
Murphey was a member of the State Senate continuously from 
1812 to 1818, and it was in this capacity that his greatest use- 
fulness to his State appears. No other man of his generation 
showed the same broad grasp and philosophic insight as to 
what should be the proper public policy of the State." 

Murphy, Don Diego, was in 1797 " Consul of His Catholic 
Majesty," at Charleston, S. C. Donna Maria Creagh Murphy, 
Don Diego's wife, died at Charleston, Sept. 19, 1797. She 
was '' of an honorable and ancient family in Ireland." 

Murphy, Henry Cruse, bom in Brooklyn, N. Y., 1810 ; grad- 
uated from Columbia College, 1830; admitted to the bar, 1833; 
formed a partnership with Hon. John A. Lott, the firm being 
known as Lott & Murphy. Hon. John Vanderbilt was subse- 
quently admitted to the firm. Mr. Murphy also contributed 
to various literary publications, including the " North Ameri- 
can Review," which was then edited by Robert Walsh. Mr. 
Murphy also became prominent in political circles. He was 
elected mayor of Brooklyn in 1842, and, before his term 
expired, was elected to Congress, taking his seat in the 
National House of Representatives in 1843. He was also 
a State senator for several years. President Buchanan 
appointed him United States Minister to The Hague. Among 
his orations was that before the Tammany Society, July 4, 
1863. It was owing largely to his exertions that the One 
Hundred and Fifty-ninth New York State Volunteers were 
raised. The literary work from Mr. Murphy's pen includes 
translations from the Dutch, his knowledge of the latter 
language having been excellent. 

Mturphy, James, a Connecticut soldier in King Philip's war, 
1675-76. He took part in the *' Great Swamp " fight in South- 
ern Rhode Island. 

Murphy, John, adjutant of the Eighteenth Regiment of In- 
fantry, Schoharie County, N. Y., 1813. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 443 

Murphy, John, an American naval commander during the 
Revolution. He belonged to Rhode Island. It is said that 
Newport, R. I., "furnished more men for the naval service 
of the United States during the Revolution than any other port 
on the continent, except Boston. At least one thousand men 
were shipped for service in the navy from Newport, one-half 
of whom fell into the hands of the enemy and died in prison 
ships." 

Murphy, John, governor of Alabama, 1825-29. He was born 
in Robeson County, N. C, 1785. He was a lawyer by profes- 
sion, and was for ten years clerk of the State Senate. He 
was a member of both branches of the Legislature, subse- 
quently becoming governor of the State. He eventually be- 
came a member of Congress. 

Murphy, John Garrison, a native of Middletown, Monmouth 
County, N. J.; born January 3, 1783; removed to Brooklyn, 
N. Y., about 1808, and in time established a prosperous busi- 
ness there. He was prominent as a millwright and was " con- 
cerned in the construction or repairs of nearly all of the old 
tide mills which then existed in Brooklyn." He was "a 
marked mechanical genius," and invented and built much 
machinery. He was at various times " a justice of the peace, 
a judge of the Municipal Court, and school commissioner." 
In religion he was a Methodist, in politics a Jeffersonian Demo- 
crat. He died February 11, 1853. His father, Timothy Mur- 
phy, was an Irishman who came to this country and was a 
valiant patriot of the Revolution. The son was known in 
early life as John Murphy, but in after years wrote his name 
John Garrison Murphy. 

Murphy, John McL., colonel of the Fifteenth New York 
Engineer Regiment in the Civil War. " Few names are better 
entitled to a place on our bright roll of fame." The Fifteenth 
was a regiment from New York City. 

Murphy, John R., a distinguished American soldier. He was 
an Irishman by birth; was born about 1796, and came to 
America at an early age. He enlisted in the war of 1812, 



444 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

although he was then but sixteen years of ag'c. He also par- 
ticipated in the Civil War, for which he raised a regiment for 
the Union cause. He was taken prisoner. Subsequently he 
was attached to the Veteran Reserve Corps and served till 
the close of hostilities. He passed away at Philadelphia, Feb- 
ruary lo, 1876. 

Murphy, Mathew, colonel of the One Hundred and Eighty- 
second New York Regiment in the Civil War. He was com- 
plimented by Gen. Corcoran on the battlefield; was mortally 
wounded in 1865. 

Murphy, SamueL His name appears in a return, May, 
1780, of New York men exempted from military duty because 
employed in the iron works of Col. Robert Livingston. Other 
names in the return, whose bearers were similarly employed, 
include Duncan MacCarty, John MacCarty, Patrick Rigens, 
John Hurly and Murphy Maclntire. 

Murphy, William H., at one period United States Minister 
to the republic of Texas. He died in Galveston. 

Murray, Nicholas, a native of County Westmeath, Ireland: 
born in 1802. He arrived in New York, 1818 ; was employed 
by Harper Bros., publishers, and eventually became a Presby- 
terian minister. His first charge was at Wilkesbarre, Pa. In 
1833 ^^ ^^s installed as pastor of a church in Elizabeth, N. J.. 
where he remained until his death in 1861. Nicholas Murrav 
Butler, president of Columbia University, New York, is his 
grandson. 

Nagle, William J., a captain in the Eighty-eighth New York 
Regiment in the Civil War. He resigned a Custom House 
position and raised a company for the regiment. The company 
was practically annihilated at the battle of Fredericksburg, 
only two sergeants and three men remaining. Capt. Nagle had 
four brothers in the service. 

Neagle, John, portrait painter; bom in Boston, Mass., 1799; 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 445 

died at Philadelphia, Pa., 1865. For eight years he was presi- 
dent of the Artists' Fund Society of Philadelphia. 

Nichols, Francis, bom in Ireland, 1737; came to America 
about 1769, and located in Philadelphia. In 1776 he was a 
lieutenant in Colonel William Thompson's rifle battalion and 
was taken prisoner in the attack on Trois Rivieres. He was 
later exchanged. He was made captain, December 16, 1776, 
and was later major of the Ninth Regiment, Pennsylvania line. 
After the close of the war he was a merchant in Philadelphia. 
He Was a member of the Hibernian Society of that city. 

Nolan, Michael, became colonel of a Louisiana regiment 
(Confederate) in the Civil War; at the battle of Sharpsburg 
he assumed command of the brigade, upon the death of Gen. 
Stark. Nolan was promoted brigadier-general, but his commis- 
sion had not reached him when he was killed at Gettysburg. 

Nolan, Philip, an early explorer of Texas, and one of those 
brave spirits " whose daring and persistency finally added the 
Lone Star State to the American Union." He left Natchez, 
Miss., in 1797, to reconnoitre and survey the Texan country. 
He made another expedition in 1800, and was accompanied 
by thirty armed men. In a conflict with a hostile force sent 
by the viceroy of Mexico, in 1801, tc take him prisoner, Nolan 
was killed. Nolan County, Texas, was named in his honor. 

Noonan, William, a corporal in the Forty-seventh Regi- 
ment, N. Y. Vols. Gen. Butler said of him, on one occasion, 
that " when the color-bearer was shot, he seized the colors and 
bore them through the fight, for which act of courage and 
meritorious conduct he was appointed second lieutenant in a 
regiment of colored troops." 

Nugent, Robert, colonel of the Sixty-ninth New York Regi- 
ment in the Civil War. Gen. Meagher, in his report of the 
battle of Fredericksburg, declared that " Col. Nugent acted 
with signal bravery, leading, as he did, the column into the 
field with a brilliancy of bearing worthy of the historic repu- 
tation attached in Europe to the name he bears. His de- 




44^ BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

meanor and the high spirit he displayed, his words and looks, 
all were such as could not fail to encourage and incite his 
men on that day." 

O'Beime, Thomas Lewis, a clergyman; bom in County 
Longford, Ireland, 1748; died 1823. He became a minister of 
the Anglican Church and was chaplain of Lord Howe's fleet 
in the American Revolution. He preached in St. Paul's 
Church, New York City, after the great fire in 1776. In 1782 
he was private secretary to the Duke of Portland, lord lieu- 
tenant of Ireland. He became Anglican Bishop of Ossory and 
in 1798 was translated to the see of Meath. 

O'Brien, Fitz James, born in Limerick, Ireland, 1828; edu- 
cated in Dublin ; came to this country in 1852, with letters of 
introduction to prominent people. " He quickly gained en- 
trance to literary and fashionable society, where his talents 
made him a general favorite. He was a brilliant man and 
wielded a prolific pen. During the Civil War he enlisted in 
the Seventh New York Regiment and went with it to the de- 
fence of Washington. Upon the expiration of his term of 
service he returned to New York and started in personally to 
raise a rifle regiment. He died of a wound received in action. 

O'Brien, Hugh, mayor of Boston, Mass., four terms, 1885, 
1886, 1887, 1888; born in County Fermanagh, Ireland, 1827; 
died in Somerville, Mass. He founded the Boston " Shipping 
and Commercial List," and was editor of the same. He also 
issued annual reports of Boston's trade and commerce, and 
was an authority on the subject. He was president of the 
Union Institution for Savings, treasurer of the Franklin Typo- 
graphical Society, and was connected with many other organ- 
izations. 

O'Brien, Jeremiah, a patriot of the Revolution; born in 
Scarborough, Me., 1740; died in Machias, Me., 1818; a son of 
Morris O'Brien, who was born in Cork, Ireland. Jeremiah 
commanded a party of volunteers who, in 1775, soon after the 
battle of Lexington, attacked the British armed schooner 
" Margaretta " in Machias Bay, and, after a hand-to-hand 
combat, captured the vessel and her crew. Cooper has termed 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 447 

this engagement the " Lexington of the Seas." Among those 
who assisted O'Brien in this attack were his brothers. Jere- 
miah also rendered much other gallant service on the sea dur- 
ing the Revolution. While in command of the privateer 
" Hannibal," that vessel was chased by two British frigates 
and captured. O'Brien was committed to the Jersey prison- 
ship and later transferred to Mill Prison, England, from which 
he escaped. John O'Brien, his brother, while commanding 
the privateer " Hibernia," captured the " General Pattison," a 
British armed vessel, which had on board a number of British 
officers who were returning to England from New York. 

O'Brien, John, an Irish schoolmaster, " a native of Craig, 
near Cork." He came to this country and taught in Warren, 
Me., for many years, beginning about the close of the Revo- 
lution. He was " an elegant penman and a good accountant." 
He married a daughter of Col. Starrett. 

O'Brien, John, banker. New York City. He was bom there, 
learned the banking business, and in 1844 purchased a seat in 
the Stock Exchange. With his brother, William, he conducted 
an extensive investment and brokerage business. The broth- 
ers were popularly known in Wall street as "The Twins." 
William died in 1885, and John continued the business under 
the old firm name, W. & J. O'Brien. The brothers had lived 
together, many years, on Madison Square, New York City. 
John became treasurer of the Second Avenue Railroad and 
was one of the founders of the New York Catholic Protectory, 
Westchester. 

O'Brien, John M., a Rhode Island soldier of the Revolution ; 
served in Capt. J. Dexter's company of the " late Col. Greene's 
regiment;" died November 19, 1781. 

O'Brien, John Paul Jones, a soldier; bom in Philadelphia, 
Pa., 1817; died at Indianola, Texas, 1850. His grandfather, 
Richard O'Brien, was a native of Maine and a patriot of the 
Revolution. John P. J. was graduated from West Point, 1836, 
and assigned to the Second Artillery. He participated in the 



44^ BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Florida and Mexican wars and was wounded at Buena Vista. 
He was the author of a work on '' American Military Laws 
and the Practice of Courts-Martial, with Suggestions for Their 
Improvement." (New York, 1856.) 



O^rien, Michael, a captain in the Second New York Heavy 
Artillery ; killed, June 6, 1864. 

O'Brien, Morris, a native of Cork, Ireland; settled in Scar- 
borough, Me., and took part in the expedition against Louis- 
burg. In 1765 he removed to Machias, Me., where he and his 
sons engaged in the lumber business. 

O'Brien, Richard, a patriot of the Revolution; bom in 
Maine, 1758; died in Washington, D. C, 1824. He engaged 
in privateering during the war for Independence, and in 1781 
was lieutenant of the "Jefferson." He entered the United 
States naval service after the war, was captured in 1785, and 
held in servitude by the Dey of Algiers. Thomas Jefferson, 
then Secretary of State, secured his release and, in 1797, made 
him a diplomatic agent of the United States. About 1810 he 
located near Carlisle, Pa., on a farm, and later became a mem- 
ber of the State Legislature. 

O'Brien, William, a prominent New York business man 
many years ago. Writing about 1885, Barrett, in his " Old 
Merchants of New York," says : " There were to be found in 
this great city, thirty and odd years ago, experienced mer- 
chants who have retired from active mercantile business and 
engaged in pursuits equally important. I have in my eye now 
the very form and figure of one of these, William O'Brien, 
who was engaged in the ship broker business, or rather in 
adjusting the claims of merchants, or other insurers, upon 
insurance companies. In the days I speak of, Mr. O'Brien was 
the only person in the city who did that particular but im- 
portant specialty. He made up * general averages ' for ships 
and cargoes lost, and such was the confidence in his capacity, 
integrity and correctness, that his adjustments were never 
disputed by port wardens, insurers or insurance companies. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 449 

He was a true Irish gentleman, and possessed great conversa- 
tional powers. His office was in Wall street, between (what 
is now) Hanover and Pearl streets. His residence was in 
Broome street, around the comer from Broadway toward 
Crosby. He was very jovial and social, and held his levees 
regularly once or twice a tveek. His house was always open 
to his friends. No Irish gentleman of any note ever passed 
through New York without making his appearance at the 
residence of Mr. O'Brien, in Broome street. * * * No 
man died more regretted ; he left several children. Two of his 
sons, William and John O'Brien, were fbr many years engaged 
in the Mechanics' Bank, one as bookkeeper and one as first 
teller. They left the bank to found the house of W. & J. 
O'Brien, some years ago, and are now [1885] doing a very 
extensive brokerage business in Wall street. In fact, the 
O'Briens are probably as much respected and do as large a 
business as any financial house in Wall street." 

O'Callaghan, Edmund Bailey,, a native of Mallow, Ireland. 
He was bom February 29, 1797, and died at New York, May 
2y, 1880. He attained much and deserved fame as an histo- 
rian, and among his leading works may be mentioned "A 
History of New Netherlands" (1846), "Documentary His- 
tory of New York" (1849-51), "Documents Relating to the 
Colonial History of New York" (1855-61). 

O'Connor, Michael T. In a list of newspapers published in 
New York City, 1845, he is mentioned as of the " Irish Volun- 
teer," 27 Cross street 

O'Connor, Timothy, was in business, in 1819, at 163 Fulton 
street, New York City. In the New York " Columbian," Feb- 
ruary 4, that year, he had the following advertisement : " Do- 
mestic Manufactures — ^Timothy O'Connor, Agent — Domestic 
Warehouse, 163 Fulton Street — Offers for sale, Wholesale 
and Retail, on accomodating terms, or will Barter * * ♦ 
Cotton at the market prices, 100,000 yards Bleached and 
Brown Shirtings and Sheetings, 5,000 yards Bleached and Col- 
oured Cotton Drillings, Millinets, Ginghams, Stripes, Counter- 



450 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

panes, Diaper Table Cloths, Bordered Towelling, Satinets, 
Bleached and Coloured Thread, Stocking Yam, Floss Cotton, 
Bleached & Coloured Hatter's Cord, Heddle Twine, Candle 
Wick, Cotton Balls, and a constant supply of cotton Yam of 
assorted numbers." 

O'Donnell, Leopold, captain-general of Cuba, November, 
1843, to March, 1848. He was born at Santa Cruz, Island of 
TenerifFe, January 12, 1809; died at Biarritz, November 5, 
1867. As a Spanish general he fought against the Carlists, 
1833-39. ^^ J"^y of the last-mentioned year he forced Caberera 
to raise the siege of Lucena. After this exploit O'Donnell 
was made Count of Lucena and lieutenant-general. He be- 
came a grandee of Spain and Duke of Tetuan. 

O'Donoghue, Joseph, a captain in the Eighty-eighth Regi- 
ment, N. Y. Vols.; died July 3, 1862, of wounds received at 
Malvern Hill. 

O'Donohue, John, a prominent merchant of New York City. 
He was born in Ireland, and, settling in New York, conducted 
a retail grocery and ship chandlery. His place of business 
was at Peck Slip. He prospered in business and eventually 
engaged in the wholesale trade. In 1858 he, with his son 
Joseph and others, founded the Long Island Ferry Company. 
He died in 1868. 

O'Donohue, Joseph J., merchant, born in New York City, 
1834; son of John O'Donohue just mentioned. Joseph and his 
brother James became members of the firm John O'Donohue 
& Sons. Upon the father's death, in 1868, the firm's name was 
changed to John O'Donohue's Sons. In 1869 Joseph, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, withdrew, and together with Atherton Fos- 
ter, established a coffee and tea importing house. In 1882 
the firm became known as Joseph J. O'Donohue & Son. 
Joseph retired in 1889, and the management was assumed by 
his two sons. The business had become very extensive. For 
a third of a century Joseph O'Donohue, in Brooklyn and New 
York, occupied a conspicuous place as one of the most enter- 
prising, aggressive, public-spirited and successful citizens. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 45 1 

He possessed great popularity, was a leader as a merchant 
in the coffee trade, and was frequently referred to as "The 
coffee king." He was a leader in Democratic affairs, and in 
the charitable work of the Roman Catholic Church. He was 
a man of commanding presence and charming personality; 
was generous and charitable, ever ready with his purse and 
voice to aid the afflicted with a charity that was catholic in 
its extent, knowing no bounds of creed or race. He fre- 
quently presided at large meetings in the happiest manner 
and with most satisfactory results. On the occasion of pa- 
rades of business men he was generally selected as the leader. 
He was one of the best-dressed men in the city, a man who 
would attract attention at any gathering. He was universally 
known, and was generally saluted by his admiring friends 
with " Here comes Joe O'Donohue I " He was a patron of 
manly sports. Possibly no man in his lifetime contributed more 
prizes for competitions. Mr. O'Donohue, to say it in a word, 
was a man with a great heart. He was especially prominent 
in business life. For twenty years he was president of the 
New York and Brooklyn Ferry Co. ; was largely interested in 
the People's Line of steamboats to Albany ; was a founder of 
the New York Coffee Exchange; a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce; of the Board of Trade and Transportation; a 
director of the Williamsburg City Fire Insurance Co., and of 
Evergreen and Calvary cemeteries. Mayor Wickham of New 
York appointed him a park commissioner in 1874. In 1876 
Mr. O'Donohue was a presidential elector. In 1893 President 
Cleveland tendered him the position of Assistant U. S. Treas- 
urer at New York, but the offer was declined. The same year 
Mayor Gilroy appointed him City Chamberlain, and he held 
other positions of importance. 

O'Donovan, William Rudolf, sculptor; a native of Preston 
County, Va. ; born March 28, 1844. He served in the Con- 
federate Army during the Civil War and then came to New 
York City, opened a studio, and in 1878 was elected an asso- 
ciate of the National Academy. He has attained fame in por- 
traiture, having executed portrait-busts and bas-reliefs of a 
number of prominent people. He has produced, among other 
works, the statues of Pauling at Tarrytown, N. Y. ; several of 



453 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Washington, including those at Newburg, N. Y.; Trenton, 
N. J., and Caracas, Venezuela. In conjunction with another 
sculptor he produced the equestrian statues of Abraham Lin- 
coln and Gen. Grant for the memorial arch at Prospect Park, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

O'Fallon, John, bom at Louisville, Ky., 1791 ; became a 
prominent citizen of St. Louis, Mo. He served under Har- 
rison, in the war of 1812, and was severely wounded at Tippe- 
canoe. He amassed great wealth as a merchant, and gener- 
ously contributed to educational and charitable enterprises. 
It is stated that he gave over a million dollars for these pur- 
poses. The O'Fallon Polytechnic Institute was endowed by 
him with property worth $100,000. 

O'Flinn, Patrick, a militia of&cer in the Revolution. From 
1789 until his death, in 1818, he conducted " The Happy Re- 
treat," a tavern in Wilmington, Del. As the landlord of this 
tavern he entertained, at various times, Washington, Jeffer- 
son, John Adams, Louis Phillippe, Aaron Burr and other dis- 
tinguished people. The Delaware Society of the Cincinnati 
used to meet at the tavern. 

O'Hara, John, first major of the Twenty-first Regiment, 
Cayuga County, N. Y., 1814. 

O'Hara, Kane, a distinguished educator in Kentucky. Zach- 
ary Taylor, afterward President of the United States, was at 
one time one of his pupils. While Taylor was proceeding to 
Washington to be inaugurated, " he departed from his line of 
travel in order to visit his old teacher in Frankfort." This 
meeting between Taylor and O'Hara was a most affecting 
one. Col. Theodore O'Hara, author of the " Bivouac of the 
Dead," was a son of this Kane O'Hara. 

O'Hare, Hugh, captain in the Second Regiment of artillery, 
New York County, N. Y., 1818. 

O'Harra, George, served as " armorer's mate " on the " Al- 
fred," of the Continental navy, 1776. He is mentioned in the 
Rhode Island records. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 453 

O'HigginSy Ambrosie, a native of the County Meath, Ire- 
land; bom about 1730; died at Lima, Peru, in 1801. Educated 
in Spain. He went, when a young man, to Chili as a trader. 
Subsequently he obtained a commission in the army and was 
rapidly advanced. In 1788-96 he was captain-general of Chili. 
From June 6, 1796, until his death he was viceroy of Peru. 

O'HigginSy Bernardo, a distinguished leader of the Chileans. 
He was born at Chilian, Chili, August 20, 1778, and died at 
Lima, Peru, October 24, 1842. Not only was he distinguished 
as a soldier, but as a statesman as well. In 1817 O'Higgins 
was named as supreme director of Chili, having dictatorial 
powers. His rule is described as " very progressive." He 
resigned, as a result of the revolution in 1823, and retired to 
Peru. 

O'Kelley, John, a member, in 1776, of Capt. Ezra Orms- 
bee's company of militia in the town of Warren, R. I. Daniel 
Kelley and Joseph Kelley also served in the company. 

Omahoney (O'Mahoney), Abbe Bartholomew a French naval 
chaplain during the American Revolution. He was attached 
to the warship " L'lvelly," and came over with our allies. He 
'was undoubtedly of Irish birth or descent. 

O'Mahony, John, an Irish patriot and scholar; bom in 
County Cork, Ireland, 1816. He was educated there and at 
Trinity College, Dublin. He early identified himself with the 
Young Ireland party, and was very active in its interests in 
Tipperary and Waterford. He came to the United States and 
engaged in literary work. He was a member, in 1850, of the 
Emmet Monument Association, New York City, and in 1858 
was associated with James Stevens in organizing the Fenian 
Brotherhood. During the American Civil War he raised the 
Ninety-ninth New York Regiment, and was commissioned 
colonel of it. He published and edited a journal called " The 
Irish People," and was at different times connected with the 
" Phoenix " and the " Irish Citizen." He published in 1857 
his own translation of Keating's " History of Ireland." As a 
patriot he was honest, consistent and disinterested. He died 
in New York City, February 6, 1877. 



454 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

O'Neal, Basil Wheat, brother of Governor Edward A. 
O'Neal of Alabama. Basil became a prominent planter in 
Texas, and died in that State, 1881. 

O'Neal, Edward Asbury, governor of Alabama, 1882-86; a 
native of Madison County, Ala.; bom September 20, 1818. 
He became a lawyer and settled at Florence. During* the Civil 
War he was an officer in the Confederate army, serving as 
captain, major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel and brigadier-gen- 
eral, being severely wounded at the battle of Seven Pines. He 
behaved with great gallantry throughout the struggle, taking 
part in many desperate battles. Elected governor of Alabama 
in 1882, he was re-elected in 1884. One of his sons, Emmet 
O'Neal, became prominent as a lawyer and political leader. 

O'Neil, Bernard S., captain in the Sixty-ninth Regiment, 
N. Y. Vols., in the Civil War; killed, June 16, 1864. 

O'Neil, John, Jr., a resident in 1806 of Madison, Me. In 
that year a legislative act was passed providing that " John 
O'Neil, Jun., of Madison, in the county of Kennebeck [Maine], 
shall be allowed to take the name of John Neil ; James O'Neil, 
of said Madison, shall be allowed to take the name of James 
Neil; Samuel O'Neil, of Norridgewalk, shall be allowed to 
take the name of Samuel Neil." (From " List of Persons 
whose Names Have been Changed," etc., published by the 
State of Massachusetts, Boston, 1893.) 

O'Neill, Edward, a native of Kilkenny, Ireland ; born 1820. 
He came to the United States in 1837 ; settled in Vermont, and 
in 1850 removed to Milwaukee, Wis. He organized, in 1870, 
the Bank of Commerce and became president of the same ; was 
also president of the Merchants' Exchange Bank. He served 
in both branches of the Wisconsin Legislature, and founded 
the State Reform School for boys, at Waukeesha. Mr. O'Neill 
was president of the Milwaukee Board of Education four 
years ; was elected mayor of Milwaukee in 1863 ^^^ held the' 
office four terms. In 1847 he wedded Clarissa A. McLaughlin, 
of Arlington, Bennington County, Vt., granddaughter of a 
Revolutionary officer, Capt. Thomas McLaughlin, of Bedford, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 455 

N. H. Mrs. O'Neill died January 23, 1890, and her husband 
March 28, the same year. They bequeathed nearly $50,000 to 
Catholic institutions in Milwaukee, $20,000 of it being left for 
the care of orphans. 

O'Neill, Hugh, New York merchant; born July 15, 1844, 
near Belfast, Ireland ; came to America with his family when 
he was but fourteen years of age; worked for his brother 
Henry, who had established a dry goods house in New York, 
1837. Hugh was admitted to partnership in 1867, the firm 
becoming H. O'Neill & Co. In 1879 ^^^ senior partner re- 
tired and Hugh became head of the house. He died recently. 
At the time of his death he had in his employ about 2,500 
people. 

O'Neill, John, lawyer and political leader. He was a native 
of Philadelphia, and when a boy removed with his family to 
Maryland. He was educated at St. John's College and was 
later admitted to the bar. He removed to Ohio about 1844, 
practised his profession there, and was elected to the thirty- 
eighth Congress. ^ 

O'Neill, John B., jurist and legislator; born in South Caro- 
lina, 1793. He served in the war of 1812 ; studied law and was 
admitted to the bar. He was elected to the State Legislature 
several times, became speaker of that body, and later a judge, 
eventually becoming Chief Justice of the State. He was the 
author of a number of law works. He died in 1863. 

O'Reilly, John Boyle, journalist and poet. He was bom at 
^»f Dowth Castle, County Meath, Ireland, June 28, 1844; died at 
Hull, Mass., August 10, 1890. He became prominent in the 
Irish revolutionary movement and in 1863 enlisted in the 
Tenth Hussars in Ireland, with the object of spreading Irish 
revolutionary sentiments among the troops. He was arrested 
on the charge of high treason and sentenced to death. This 
sentence, however, was changed to twenty years' penal servi- 
tude. He was transported to the penal colony in Australia, 
arriving there in 1868. In 1869, however, he escaped and came 
to the United States. He became editor of the Boston " Pilot " 



/] 



456 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

and was a power in the journalistic and literary world. Among 
his published works are " Songs from the Southern Seas " 
(1874), " Songs, Legends and Ballads " (1878), " The Statues 
in the Block " (1881), etc. 

O'Rieliy, Henry Brooks, captain in the Seventieth Regi- 
ment, N. Y. Vols., in the war of the Rebellion; killed, May 
5, 1862. 

O'Rorke, Patrick H., a gallant officer in the American Civil 
War. He was a native of Ireland ; bom about 1835. He came 
to America with his parents, who eventually settled in Roches- 
ter, N. Y. He entered the West Point Military Academy, 
from which he was graduated at the head of his class. Early 
in the Civil War he was on the staff of Gen. Tyler and partici- 
pated in the disastrous battle of Bull Run. Immediately after- 
ward he was made assistant engineer of the defences at the 
national capital and was later appointed to similar work at 
Fortress Monroe. Subsequently he accompanied the expedi- 
tion to Port Royal. In 1862 he was appointed a colonel of 
volunteers, greatly distinguished himself at Fredericksbui^ 
and Chancellorsville, and was soon brevetted brigadier-gen- 
eral. He was killed at the head of his regiment at the battle of 
Gettysburg. 

Orr, William, manufacturer and inventor; bom at Belfast, 
Ireland, 1808. He came to this country with his parents in 
181 1. The family lived in New York City for a while and 
later in Columbiaville and Troy, N. Y. In 1835 William went 
into partnership with his brother Alexander, under the name 
of A. & W. Orr. Their business was. the printing of wall 
paper. He is stated to have invented the first machinery used 
to print wall paper by cylinders. The principle involved was 
similar to that exhibited in cylindrical printing presses. He 
began in 1853 at Troy, N. Y., the manufacture of wall and 
printing paper. He claimed to be the earliest to manufacture 
printing paper with wood fibre in it. The claim was generally 
admitted. He was also the author of various other inven- 
tions. It is said of him that he " was very ingenious, possess- 
ing qualities of mind of a superior order. He Was well known 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 457 

to all millwrights by his numerous and valuable improve- 
ments." For over half a century he engaged in manufacturing 
and mechanical industries in Troy. He was a public-spirited 
man, always devoted to the interests of Troy. He died in 
1891. 

O'Sullivan, John T., sailed from New York on the '* Lean- 
der," early in 1806 as a member of an expedition under Gen. 
Miranda to free the province of Caracas. Miranda styled 
himself " commander-in-chief of the Colombian army." The 
object was to eventually liberate South America, or at least 
so much of it as was controlled by the King of Spain. Need- 
less to say, the expedition was a failure. 

Paine, Robert Treat, a signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. He was bom in Boston, Mass., 1731, and died there 
in 1814. He is stated to have been of Irish extraction. O'Hart, 
author of a well-known work on " Irish Pedigrees," declares 
that Henry O'Neill, hereditary prince of Ulster, changed his 
name to Paine, which was that of one of his maternal ances- 
tors, so as to preserve a portion of his estates. His youngest 
brother, Robert, also took the name Paine, came to America, 
and was the grandfather of Robert Treat Paine, the Signer. 

Paterson, William, patriot and statesman; born at sea, of 
Irish parents, in 1745. He was graduated at Princeton and 
was admitted to the bar in 1769; was a member of the conven- 
tion that framed the first Constitution of New Jersey, 1776; 
was attorney-general of the State for a number of years, and 
was elected a national senator. Later he was elected governor 
of the State and was subsequently a judge of the United States 
Supreme Court. He died in 1806. 

Patterson, Robert, a prominent merchant and distinguished 
soldier; born in County Tyrone, Ireland, 1792. His father 
took part in the Irish Rebellion in '98, and subsequently came 
to America, settling in Delaware County, Pa. Robert, the 
son, enlisted in the war of 1812 ; was commissioned lieutenant 
and served on the staff of Gen. Bloomfield. Upon the conclu- 
sion of the war he returned to mercantile pursuits. In 1833 he 



45^ BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

entertained President Andrew Jackson at his home in Phila- 
delphia. In 1836 he was a presidential elector, and favored 
Van Buren for president. He became commanding officer of 
the Philadelphia troops and rendered splendid service. Dur- 
ing the Mexican War he offered his services to the govern- 
ment, was OHnmissioned a major-general and given charge 
of the troops at Camargo, under Gen. Taylor. He partici- 
pated in the movement on the City of Mexico under Gen. 
Scott, took part in the siege of Vera Cruz, and also acquitted 
himself as a naval officer. Upon the breaking out of the Civil 
War he was appointed to the command of the Pennsylvania 
troops and was soon placed by Gen. Scott to command the 
Department of Washington, which department included 
Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. He 
promptly had twenty-five regiments of Pennsylvania soldiers 
alone under his command. He was the author of a work on 
the " Campaign in the Valley of the Shenandoah." Gen Pat- 
terson was eminently successful as a business man. He 
erected extensive cotton mills, employing over four thousand 
hands, and was also interested in sugar refineries, cotton 
plantations and real estate. He died in 1881. 

Phalen, James, was a broker, and built a freestone residence 
in Union Square, New York. During his minority was with 
Dana, a lottery dealer of Boston. At his death took his busi- 
ness, spent two or three years in Virginia and Maryland, and 
made a handsome fortune, invested in 1845, chiefly in up- 
town property. 

Phelan, James, merchant and financier, San Francisco, Cal. 
He was born in Ireland and came to this country in 1827, with 
his father, being then a child. He attended school in New 
York, and subsequently engaged in mercantile pursuits in 
Philadelphia and New York. He removed to San Francisco- 
and founded the house of J. & M. Phelan. He was one of 
the earliest merchants to ship California wheat to England. 
Among his other enterprises was the establishment of the 
First National Bank, San Francisco (capital $2,000,000), of 
which institution he was the first president. He also founded 
the Mutual Savings Bank and organized the American Con- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 459 

tracting and Dredging Company, to dig the Panama Canal. 
He erected the Phelan Building in San Francisco, was a large 
owner of real estate elsewhere, and died in 1892, worth many 
millions. His son, James Duval Phelan, was one of the com- 
missioners to the World's Fair at Chicago. 

Phelan, John D., a distinguished jurist; born about 1803; 
studied law, was admitted to the Alabama bar ; was editor of 
the Huntsville, Ala., " Democrat," and was chosen to the 
State Legislature. He was an attorney-general of the State, 
judge of the Supreme Court, and, later, professor of law in the 
University of the South, located in Tennessee. 

Phelon, Patrick, was a lieutenant in Col. David Henley's 
Massachusetts regiment in the Revolution; was transferred 
to Col. Jackson's regiment in April, 1779. He was a captain 
in the Second United States Infantry, 1791, and was killed 
November 4, that year, in an engagement with the Indians 
near Fort Recovery, Ohio. 

Pickens, Andrew, a native of Paxton township, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he Was born in 1739. His parents were from Ire- 
land. He, with his father, removed in 1752 to the Waxhaw 
settlement in South Carolina. Andrew was a volunteer in 
Grant's expedition against the Cherokee Indians. He warmly 
espoused the cause of the Revolution and was one of the most 
active patriots of the South. At the close of the war he became 
a member of the South Carolina Legislature, in which he 
served until 1794, when he was elected to Congress. In 1795 
he was commissioned major-general of the South Carolina 
militia. Washington offered him the command of a light 
brigade to serve under Wayne against the Indians, but Pick- 
ens declined the post. He died August 17, 1817, and is buried 
in the cemetery of the " Old Stone Meeting House " in Pen- 
dleton. 

Power, James, an Irishman, one of the founders of the 
colony of " Refugio," Texas, the grant of land being made in 
1828. James Hewitson, another Irishman, was among those 
associated with Power, The grant was made for a tract on 
which 200 families were to settle. 



46o BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Power, Tyrone, a distinguished Irish comedian. He was 
born in Waterford County, Ireland, November 2, 1797; was 
lost at sea in March, 1841. In 181 5 he made his first appear- 
ance at Newport, Isle of Wight. He made successful tours in 
the United States, 1833-35 and 1840-41 ; embarked March 21, 
1841, on the steamship *' President," which boat was sighted 
a few days later, but was never heard of again. He was the 
author of a book giving his " Impressions, of America,'' in 
which he gracefully says : " I seek only to describe America 
as I saw it — a mighty country, in the enjoyment of youth and 
health, and possessing ample room and time for growth, which 
a few escapades incident to inexperience and high blood may 
retard, but cannot prevent. Heaven has Written its destinies 
in the gigantick proportions allotted to it, and it is not in the 
power of earth to change the record. I seek to describe its 
people as I saw them — clear-headed, energetick, frank, hos- 
pitable ; a community suited to, and labouring for, their coun- 
try's advancement, rather than for their own present comfort 
This is and will be their lot for probably another generation. 
To those, then, who seek scandalous innuendoes against, or 
imaginary conversations with, the fair, the brave and the wise 
among the daughters and sons of America, I say, read not at 
all ; since herein, though something of mankind, there is little 
of any man, woman, or child, of those with whom I have recip- 
rocated hospitality and held kind communion." 

Powers, Lawrence, captain in the Second Brigade of infan- 
try, New York County, N. Y., 1812. 

Prendergast, R. G., a captain in the First New York Cav- 
alry ; killed, November 12, 1864, at Nineveh, Va. 

Preston, John, born in Ireland; came to Virginia in 1735: 
before coming to America he married Elizabeth Patton, a 
sister of Col. James Patton. John Preston was the founder 
of a very distinguished family. 

Preston, William, born in Ireland, 1730. He was captain 
of a company of- Rangers in Virginia in 1755-56, and was a 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^1^ 

member of the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1766, 1767,. 
1768 and 1769. During the Revolution he held important 
commands in southwest Virginia. 

Quinlan, James, major and lieutenant-colonel of the 
Eighty-eighth New York Regiment in the Civil War; a hero 
of Malvern Hill. ** In the absence of the lieutenant-colonel, 
the Eighty-eighth was most intelligently and gallantly main- 
tained by Major Quinlan all through the tempestuous march 
from Fair Oaks to Malvern Hill;" honorably mentioned in 
Gen. Meagher's report of the battle of Fredericksburg. 

Ra£Ferty, Thomas, lieutenant-colonel of the Seventy-first 
New York Regiment in the Civil War. He commanded the 
regiment for the last fourteen months of its term of service. 

Raymond, John T., prominent comedian; born in Buffalo, 
N. Y., April 5, 1836; died at Evansville, Ind., April 10, 1887. 
His real name was John O'Brien. He made his first appear- 
ance on the stage in 1853 at Rochester, N. Y. His first distinc- 
tive hit was made in 1859 as " Asa Trenchard " with Sothem 
as " Dundreary." In 1873 Raymond took the part of " Colonel 
Mulberry Sellers " in the " Gilded Age." 

Reedy, David. He left Ireland and came to the United 
States some time before 1795 ; enlisted in the American army, 
and participated in the War of 1812. He became an extensive 
land owner in the town of Cincinnatus, Cortland County, New 
York State, and possessed at various times 10,000 or more 
acres. He also possessed a considerable amount of property 
in New York County, and was a man of vigor, enterprise and 
tireless energy. He died some years after the close of the 
war above mentioned, having neither wife nor children. 
Thomas Addis Emmet was the executor of his estate. The 
late Thomas Crimmins, of New York City, who came to this 
country in 1835, investigated the status of the Reedy property 
at that time, and found that all but some 80 acres of it had 
been sold for taxes, and that on a part of the 80 acres was a 
cemetery. Being duly authorized, Mr. Crimmins disposed of 
the land, leaving the cemetery undisturbed. David Reedy 
early became interested in real estate. There is in existence 
an indenture, dated May 10, 1795, between Robert Troup, of 



462 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

the city of New York, and Jane, his wife, of the first part, and 
William S. Smith and David Reedy of the same city, of the 
second part, in which a transaction comprising 2,200 acres, in 
Onondaga County, N. Y., is mentioned. Another indenture, 
made January 25, 1805, between John Swartrout, Marshal of 
the District of New York, and David Reedy " of the city of 
New York, merchant," releases to Reedy a tract of 350 acres 
in the town of Cincinnatus, N. Y. A deed from Joseph Hardy 
to David Reedy, dated May 8, 1810, disposes of, to the latter, 
several parcels of land in Cincinnatus, aggregating 1,100 acres. 
Reedy also owned considerable property in New York City. 

Regan, Peter C, Captain of the Seventh New York Battery 
in the Civil War ; served in the Army of the Potomac. 

Reid, Mayne, novelist and soldier. A native of Ireland, 
born in 1818. When twenty years old he came to the United 
States, and turned his steps westward in search of adventure 
among the Indians and trappers. After extensive travel 
through the country he settled in Philadelphia, Where he de- 
voted himself to literature. He volunteered for the Mexican 
War, and was wounded at Chapultepec. He produced a large 
number of novels. 

Reilly, James, Minister of the Republic of Texas to the 
United States. He occupied the position during the second 
term of President Houston of Texas. 

Reilly, Lieut, an officer of the U. S. S. " Wasp " in 1814. 
He participated in the conflict between the " Wasp " and the 
British sloop-of-war " Reindeer," June 28, that year. The 
action lasted nineteen minutes, and resulted in the defeat and 
capture of the " Reindeer." The commander of the " Wasp " 
on this occasion was Capt. Johnston Blakeley, a native of 
Ireland. 

Reynolds, John, governor of Illinois ; born in Pennsylvania, 
1789; died in Belleville, 111., 1865. He was of Irish descent; 
became a lawyer, editor of a daily paper in Belleville, 111., a 
member of the state legislature, speaker of the House, a jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court, and a member of Congress. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^3 

Rice, Matt., born in Ireland ; was a captain in the Army of 
Northern Virginia (Confederate) during the Civil War; lost 
a leg at Gettysburg. 

Riley, E., a musical instrument maker, music engraver, and 
publisher, at 29 Chatham Street, New York, in 1826, and prob- 
• ably prior thereto. 

Riley, John, a soldier of the Revolution; was a matross in 
Col. Elliott's artillery regiment, of Rhode Island. 

Riley, John, Richard, and Patrick, settlersin the Connecticut 
Valley, 1634-40. They bought land in what later became 
known as " Ireland parish," now comprised in the city of 
Holyoke, Mass. 

Roach, John, a soldier in the war, 1675-6, against the In- 
dian King Philip. Roach was from Connecticut. He par- 
ticipated in the " Direful Swamp Fight," in southern Rhode 
Island. The town of Norwalk, Conn., awarded him a grant 
of land as a " gratuity." 

Robinson, William E., a native of County Tyrone, Ireland ; 
born May 6, 1814. He came to America in 1836; was gradu- 
ated from Yale College in 1841, and afterwards became a jour- 
nalist. He was connected editorially with the " Daily Cou- 
rier," of New Haven, Conn. ; the " Express," of Buffalo, N. 
Y. ; the " Irish World," of New York City, and other publica- 
tions. He became Washington correspondent of the New 
York " Tribune," writing under the pen name of " Richelieu." 
In 1862 he was appointed by President Lincoln a collector of 
Internal Revenue, in which position he served four years. He 
was elected to Congress in 1866, and was re-elected in 1880 
and 1882. He warmly advocated the cause of the Irish- 
American Fenians imprisoned in British jails. He organized, 
in 1847, 21" Irish relief movement, and secured the authoriza- 
tion of Congress for sending the U. S. S. " Macedonian " with 
relief stores to Ireland. He was also an active member of the 
Irish Land League. In 1853 he married a daughter of George 
Dougherty, of Newark, N. J. John E. Robinson, his son, be- 



464 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

came a well-known journalist. Mr. Robinson, the father, died 
in Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. 23, 1892. 

Rochford, Dennis, of County Wexford, Ireland. He with 
his wife Mary and others came to Pennsylvania vdth William 
Penn in 1682, on the ship " Welcome." All, or nearly all, the 
passengers, were Quakers. Two daughters of Dennis and 
Mary died on the voyage. The passengers were described as 
"people of consequence" and as "people of property." Den- 
nis was a member of the Assembly in 1683. 

Roddon, Cornelius, a native of Ireland; died in New York 
City, 181 1. He was "a distinguished performer in the Vol- 
unteer Band of the Republican Greens " of that city. 

Rogers, Thcmias J., a prominent citizen of Pennsylvania. 
He was a native of Waterford, Ireland, and was brought to 
this country by his parents in 1784. They settled in Pennsyl- 
vania. Thomas J. was a member of Congress from Pennsyl- 
vania, 1818-24. He died in New York City, 1832. 

R088, Robert, of Bridgeport, Conn. ; a son of Irish parents. 
He was ordained to the Congregational ministry in 1753. ^^ 
was a remarkable man, six feet in height and well propor- 
tioned. His presence was imposing, and his ruffled shirt, wig 
and cocked hat seemed peculiarly in keeping with it. But he 
most strongly impressed himself upon the community through 
the warmth of his patriotism, and the decisiveness of his poli- 
tical convictions. He became a man of influence on the pa- 
triotic side and proportionally obnoxious to the royalists. At 
the outbreak of the Revolutionary War he preached on the 
text, " For the divisions of Reuben there were great search- 
ings of heart." A company of soldiers raised to join the in- 
vasion of Canada in the fall of 1775, mustered in his door-yard 
and was commended to God in a fervent prayer by him before 
starting on their expedition. 

Rourk, Martin, born in Ireland about 1760, and came to 
America about 1773. He spent two years in his uncle's store 
at St. Johns and came to Boston, Mass., in 1775. He became 
clerk in the company of Capt. Lawrence of the patriot army, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^5 

and subsequently married his widow. In May, 1775, Martin 
Rourk is mentioned as in a picket guard, having enlisted in 
April of that year. He reenlisted several times, was at Ticon- 
derog^ in 1776, and is mentioned as a sergeant after 1777. He 
settled in Durham, Me., about 1784, was town clerk in 1790- 
1807, and is spoken of as an excellent penman. He was also 
" the foremost school teacher " of Durham. He died in 1807. 

Rourke, Joseph, a soldier of the Revolution. After the war 
he settled in or near what is now Waterbury, Conn. " Re- 
maining here for about twelve or thirteen years, he learned of 
the intended uprising in his native country, which culminated 
in the Rebellion of 1798, and left on the old stage line for 
Derby, Conn., thence by way of the Sound for New York, 
with a view of reaching the scene of the conflict in time to 
render what service he could to the cause of the Irish patriot 
party. Whether he reached the scene of operations " will 
never be known. (In Vol. II. of the " Journal of the Ameri- 
can-Irish Historical Society " is an article from the pen of Mr. 
Martin Scully, of Waterbury, devoted to Rourke.) Judge 
George H. Cowell, of Waterbury, states that " Joseph Rourk 
was not the only one of his race who came along here after 
the close of the Revolutionary War, but he is the only one 
I have a good recollection of hearing talked of when I was 
a boy. What made the old people remember him so well was 
the fact that in addition to being a brave soldier, he was an 
excellent shoemaker, and earned his living, during his stay 
here, by going among the farmers, repairing and making new 
footwear. The handsomest footwear ever worn in this state 
by the forefathers of many of the old American families was 
put up by Joseph Rourke. He was in the place for a good 
many years, and made a practice of leaving every year . . . 
telling his friends that he wanted to reach New York in time 
to attend divine service on Christmas Day." After his visit 
to New York he would each year return to Waterbury. 

Rowan, Stephen C, a distinguished American naval officer. 
He was a native of Ireland, bom near Dublin, Dec. 25, 1808; 
died at Washington, D. C, March 31, 1890. In 1826 he entered 
the U. S. Navy as a midshipman. He participated in the 



466 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Seminole and Mexican wars, and commanded the U. S. S. 
" Pawnee " at the opening of the Civil War. He participated 
with this ship in the first naval action of the latter struggle — 
the attack on the G>nfederate battery, Aquia Creek, May 23, 
1861. Later he destroyed a number of gunboats near Eliza- 
beth City, N. C, in Feb., 1862. He also commanded the fleet 
cooperating with Gen. Bumside in the attack on and captiu-e 
of Newbern. In the operations against the defences in Charles- 
ton harbor, 1863, Rowan commanded the " New Ironsides." 
He was made a Rear Admiral in 1866, and Vice>Admiral in 
1870. He was retired in 1889. 

Rusk, Thomas JefiFerson, a solider ; bom in South Carolina, 
Dec. 5, 1803. He was the son of an Irish stone mason. John 
C. Calhoun superintended his law studies and general educa- 
tion. Rusk removed to Georgia, became a leading lawyer, and 
wedded the daughter of Gen. Cleveland. In the winter of 
1834-1835, he removed to Texas. He was a delegate in 1836 
to the Convention which declared in favor of Texas as an in- 
dependent republic. He became one of the most eminent men 
in the Texan republic. He was successively Secretary of War, 
Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Court and held various other offices. He was elected, 
in 1845, 21 delegate to the Convention to draft a constitution 
for the projected State of Texas. In 1846 he took his seat in 
the Congress of the United States as one of the first two sena- 
tors from the new State of Texas. His colleague was Gen. 
Sam Houston. Rusk was a United States Senator for eleven 
years, and for some time was president pro tem of the National 
Senate. He died July 29, 1857, and " was mourned by the en- 
tire population of Texas." 

Rutherford, Griffith, patriot of the American Revolution; 
prominent in North Carolina. In 1776 he was appointed a 
brigadier-general by the Provincial Congress; was a state 
senator in 1784. 

Ryan, George, colonel of the One Hundred and Fortieth 
Regiment, New York Volunteers in the Civil War ; killed May 
8, 1864. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4^7 

Ryder Patrick, captain in the Eighty-eighth Regiment, New 
York Volunteers, killed May 5, 1864, at the Wilderness. 

Ryleiy James, an inhabitant of " ye towne of Hampsted on 
Long Island," N. Y., in 1683. His name appears in a list of 
the valuation of the estates in the town that year. Anthony 
Kelly was an inhabitant of Easthampton, L. I., N. Y., the 
same year. 

Savage, John, a New York jurist; son of Irish immigrants. 
He was born about 1790, studied law and was admitted to the 
bar. He was a member of the State Legislature about 1814, 
and was soon after elected to Congress, where he served two 
terms. He was also Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
New York, and Treasurer of the United States for New York. 

Savage, John, journalist, poet and dramatist; a native of 
Dublin, Ireland; born Dec. 13, 1828; died at Spragucville, Pa., K^ 
Oct. 9, 1888. Savage came to America in 1848. Among his ^ 
works may be mentioned " '98 and '48 : the Modern Revolu- 
tionary History and Literature of Ireland" (1856); "Sibyl," 
a tragedy (produced in 1858, printed in 1865) ; " Our Living 
Representative Men" (i860); "Life of Andrew Johnson" 
(1865) : " Fenian Heroes," etc. (1868), and a number of popu- 
lar songs, including " The Starry Flag." 

Savage, John H., an eminent lawyer, soldier and legislator ; 
born about 1812, in Tennessee, of Irish parentage. While still 
a boy he served as a volunteer on the Texas frontier; subse- 
quently studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1837, and was 
elected attorney-general in 1841. He served in the Mexican 
War, and was wounded at the battle of Chapultepec. He re- 
sumed the practice of law after the war, and in 1849 ^^^ 
elected to Congress. 

Schuyler, Cortlandt, a captain in a British marching regi- 
ment " who married a handsome and agreeable Irishwoman in 
Ireland, while stationed there with his regiment, and whom 
he brought to Albany," N. Y., about 1763. On the death of 
her husband Mrs. Schuyler went back to Ireland with her 
children. 



"7 



468 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Shanley» Timothy L., a captain in the Sixty-ninth New York 
Infantry; died Oct. i, 1862, of wounds received at Antietam. 

Shawy John, born at Mountmellick, Ireland ; came to Phila- 
delphia, Pa., 1790. He was then 17 years of age. In 1798 he 
commanded the armed schooner " Enterprise," with a crew of 
76 men, and in six months captured eight French privateers. 
Subsequently, President Jefferson appointed him to command 
the Norfolk Navy Yard. He ranked as a commodore in the 
War of 1812, and during that war had command of the Ameri- 
can squadron in the Mediterranean. He died at Philadelphia, 
1823. 

Shay, Timothy, captain in Lieut.-Col. Daniel Delavan's 
regiment, Westchester County, N. Y., 1797. 

Shields, James, a distinguished soldier and statesman ; born 
in County Tyrone, Ireland, 1810. He came to the United 
States with his parents, studied law, and settled in Illinois. 
He was elected to the State Legislature, was later State Au- 
f ditor. Judge of the State Supreme Court and Commissioner of 
the Land Office. At the breaking out of the Mexican War he 
offered his services, was made a brigadier-general, and took 
command of the Illinois troops. He served under Gen. Tay- 
lor and also with Scott on the march to the City of Mexico. 
He was badly wounded at Cerro Gordo, but soon rejoined his 
command, and was again dangerously wounded at Chapul- 
tepec; was brevetted major-general for gallant service. He 
became governor of the Territory of Oregon in 1848, and was 
soon after chosen United States Senator from Illinois. He re- 
moved to Minnesota in 1855, and on the admission of that 
State to the Union he was again elected to the United States 
Senate. He removed to California in i860, and on the break- 
ing out of the Civil War offered his services, was made a 
brigadier-general, joined the Army of the Potomac, greatly 
distinguished himself in the Shenandoah Valley, and had two 
desperate engagements with Stonewall Jackson, whom he 
foiled. Gen. Shields resigned his commission in 1863, settling 
first in Wisconsin, but soon removing to Missouri, and resum- 
ing the practice of law. He was elected to the State Legisia- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 469 

ture of Missouri, and in 1879 ^^^ chosen to the United States 
Senate, thus having represented at different times three dif- 
ferent States. He died June i, 1879. 

Shielly Hugh, born in Ireland; became a successful physi- 
cian. He located in Philadelphia, and in 1780 subscribed a 
large sum to the bank that had been organized to furnish the 
patriot army with supplies. He became a member of the 
Hibernia Fire Company of Philadelphia. 

Smith, Jeremiah, a native of Ireland; bom, 1705; came to 
Boston, Mass, 1726. He settled in Milton, Mass., and engaged 
in the manufacture of paper. He retired from business about 

1775. 

Sm3rth, Frederick, an eminent jurist; born near the city of 
Galway, Ireland, 1832; died in Atlantic City, N. J., Aug. 18, 
1900. Coming to New York a young man, he started as a 
clerk in the law oflSce of Florence McCarthy, and remained in 
the position until McCarthy became Justice of the Marine 
Court. Smyth then entered the office of John McKeon, and 
in 1855 was admitted to the bar. When McKeon was made 
U. S. District Attorney to succeed Charles O'Conor, Smyth 
became one of his assistants, and later went into partnership 
with McKeon, the firm name being McKeon & Smyth. The 
firm continued until 1879, when Smyth was appointed Re- 
corder to fill the unexpired term of the late John K. Hackett. 
Smyth was subsequently elected Recorder for a full term of 
fourteen years. Upon the expiration of his term, he was suc- 
ceeded by John W. GoflF, and was elected to the Supreme 
bench. Smyth had been Commissioner of Schools in New 
York city, from 1863 to 1865, ^tnd also served on the Board of 
Education. In 1876 he was a delegate to the National Demo- 
cratic Convention that nominated Samuel J. Tilden, and was 
a Presidential elector. 

Snow, Robert, a native of Ireland, who came to New York 
city prior to 1788, and early conducted a shoe store at or near 
the corner of Elm and Reed streets. He was later a clerk in 
the employ of John Pintard. In 1788 Mr. Snow was appointed 



1 



470 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

a potash inspector. About this time he went into partnership 
with John Brower. As Snow & Brower they kept a store on 
Front near Broad street, and conducted a prosperous busi- 
ness. Mr. Snow had seven children, all of whom died young. 
He had a kindly heart and was known as " everybody's friend." 
Owing to no fault of his own, he twice practically lost the bulk 
of his property, and finally became reduced to poverty. His 
wife was afflicted with rheumatism for twenty-two years, eigh- 
teen of which she was confined to her bed. Mr. Snow is 
prominently mentioned in Stiles' " History of Brooklyn/' 
N. Y. 

Stack, Edward, an Irish-French officer during the American 
revolution. He served at one period under John Paul Jones, 
as a volunteer on the " Bon Homme Richard " ; participated 
in the engagement with the " Serapis." 

Sterling, Dr. Henry, an Irish physician and surgeon, who 
was located in Providence, R. I., before and during the Revo- 
lution. After the patriots from Providence had destroyed the 
British armed vessel " Gaspee," June lo, 1772, Dr. Sterling 
responded to a summons to attend the wounded commander of 
the " Gaspee." 

Stewart, Alexander T., merchant and capitalist; born near 
Belfast, Ireland, Oct. 12, 1803; died in New York city, April 
10, 1876. He was established in the dry goods business in 
New York City as early as 1825, and conducted it for many 
years. He accumulated great wealth, estimated to be about 
$40,000,000. President Grant nominated him for Secretary of 
the U. S. Treasury, in 1869, but he was not confirmed. 

Stevtrart, John, an Irishman by birth ; patriot of the Revolu- 
tion; married a sister of Gen. Wayne. During the Revolu- 
tion he commanded a corps of light infantry. He was with 
his brother-in-law, " Mad Anthony," at the storming of Stony 
Point, and received from Congpress a gold medal for his brav- 
ery on that occasion. 

SuflFem, Thomas, a prominent New York merchant. He 
was born in Belfast, Ireland, June 21, 1787, and died in New 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 4?! 

York city, April ii, 1869. He landed in New York in 1808, 
and engaged with his uncle, George Suffern, a tobacco dealer, 
as clerk. Thomas was then twenty-one years of age. Later 
he succeeded to the business. His friends in Ireland consigned 
him linen, and he eventually engaged in the Irish linen trade, 
which was the foundation of his fortune. He became promi- 
nent as a bank director, one of the council of the New York 
University, was a member of the Chamber of Commerce, and 
also took an active part in the numerous charities of the city. 
He restored his old parish church in Ireland, and founded a 
public fountain in Belfast, his native place. He was a cousin 
of President Andrew Jackson, on his mother's side, and enter- 
tained Jackson at his home in Park Place during an official 
visit of the President to New York. Mr. Suffern first lived in 
Gold Street, then moved to Greenwich Street near the Bat- 
tery, and then to Park Place. In 1833 he moved to Washing- 
ton Square. Alexander T. Stewart when he first came to this 
country brought letters of introduction to him, and Mr. Suf- 
fern gave him a credit for all the linens he could sell, when 
Stewart opened a small store on Broadway below Chambers 
Street opposite the Park. The secret of Mr. Stewart's success 
was that by the advice of Mr. Suffern he purchased all his 
goods on open account, paid for them when convenient, and 
thus was never pressed for money. Walter Barrett's " Old 
Merchants of New York " says of Thomas Suffern : " If the 
tax book was consulted [in 1861], very likely his name would 
appear as paying taxes on one-half a million of real estate, 
and half as much more on personal. Yet who would imagine 
Ivhat an active career that same man has had in this city, how 
greatly he has added to its wealth and prosperity, while pur- 
suing and achieving it for himself. Ask nine men in ten who 
that apparently very aged man is, with such marked features, 
showing great energy and determined purpose, and they will 
tell you it is Mr. Thomas SufFem, an Irishman. . . . He 
married a daughter of William Wilson, a very wealthy mer- 
chant. Old Mr. George Suffern never married. His property 
descended to Thomas, his nephew." In 1845 Thomas Suffern 
became the owner of a large tract of land in the city of Chi- 
cago, half a mile from Humboldt Park, known as the Suffern 
subdivision, being a quarter section and half a mile square. 




47 2 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

His executors, James N. Hamilton and Edward M. Taller, 
have built and sold over four hundred houses, have eight 
churches, a public school, a synagogue, and a Greek church 
subscribed to by the Russian Government, on the property. 
Mr. Suffem was a great believer in the future of Chicago. 

Sullivan, Daniel R., a captain in the Sixty-seventh N. Y. In- 
fantry ; died June 26, 1862, of wounds received at Fair Oaks. 

Sullivan, James, a native of Somersworth, N. H., bom 
1744; died in Boston, Dec, 10, 1808. He was a lawyer, a pa- 
triot of the Revolution, a judge of the Massachusetts Superior 
Court, a member of the State Constitutional Convention, a 
delegate to the Continental Congress, attorney-general of 
Massachusetts. He was elected governor of Massachusetts 
in 1807, and was reelected in 1808. He was a brother of Gen. 
John Sullivan of the Revolution. 

Sullivan, Jerry A., major in the First N. Y. Veteran Cav- 
alry ; killed May 10, 1864, at Cabletown, Va. 

Sullivan, John, a captain in the Sixty-third regiment, N. Y. 
Volunteers; died Dec. 15, 1862, of wounds received at Fred- 
ericksburg. 

Sullivan, John, an early pioneer of San Francisco, Cal. He 
was born in County Limerick, Ireland, 1824; settled in Cali- 
fornia in Dec, 1844, and later became one of the wealthiest 
citizens of San Francisco. He was a founder of the Hibemia 
Bank of that city, and was the first president of the institu- 
tion. He died in 1882. The value of the prominent gifts of 
Mr. Sullivan to the Catholic Church in San Francisco has 
been estimated thus: Palace Hotel property, $700,000; Me- 
chanics' Institute Block, Larkin Street, $500,000 ; five 50 varas 
in Calvary Cemetery, $100,000 ; St. Mary's Church lot, $50,000. 
Total, over $1,300,000. A son, Hon. Frank J. Sullivan, became 
a member of Congress and a park commissioner of San Fran- 
cisco. 

Sullivan, Timothy, colonel during the Civil War of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 473 

Twenty-fourth regiment, N. Y. Volunteers. The regiment 
lost six commissioned officers at the second battle of Bull Run. 
Col. Sullivan resigned in Jan., 1863. 

Sweeny, Thomas W., brigadier-general of volunteers in the 
Civil War, was bom in Cork, Ireland, 1820; came to the 
United States in 1832 ; died at Astoria, L. I., N. Y., 1892. He 
attended school in New York city. In the war with Mexico 
he was a lieutenant in the First New York Volunteers, which 
sailed from New York, Jan. 8, 1847, ^^r Vera Cruz. He par- 
ticipated in the engagements at Cerro Gordo, Contreras, and 
Churubusco, being twice wounded at the latter place, result- 
ing in the amputation of an arm. On his return to New York, 
in 1848, he was brevetted captain by the governor of the State, 
was presented a medal by the city government, and was given 
a " grand reception ball " at Castle Garden. On recommenda- 
tion of Gen. Scott he was commissioned a lieutenant in the 
Second U. S. Infantry. He rendered service at forts in New 
York Harbor and in the West. He left with his regiment for 
California, late in 1848, and reached Monterey, April 6, 1849. 
He took part in the Yuma and other Indian wars, on one^ 
occasion being wounded in the neck by an arrow. He was 
ordered to New York City, in 1858, on recruiting service, and 
was so engaged when the Rebellion broke out. On Jan. 19, 
1861, he was made captain, and was appointed to the com- 
mand of the U. S. Arsenal, St. Louis, Mo. He was made 
colonel of the Fifty-second Illinois Infantry, Jan. 21, 1862; 
was brigadier-general of volunteers, Nov. 29, 1862, to Aug. 
24, 1865, and was later an officer of the Sixteenth U. S. In- 
fantry. He was retired with the full rank of brigadier-gen- 
eral United States Army, May 11, 1870. He took part in many 
important engagements of the Civil War. He was again 
wounded at the battle of Wilson's Creek, and again at the 
'battle of Shiloh, where he commanded a brigade. He com- 
manded a division in the Atlanta campaign. Gen. Sweeny 
was one of the Guard of Honor in charge of the remains of 
President Lincoln when they lay in state in City Hall, New 
York. Gen. Sweeny took an active interest in the Fenian 
movement, and submitted a plan to the Fenian Congress at 
Philadelphia, in 1865, for the invasion of Canada. 



474 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



Tagert, Joseph, thirty-one years president of the Hibernian 
Society, Philadelphia, Pa. He was bom in Coimty Tyrone, 
Ireland, 1758; came to America in 1783, engaged in business 
at Newbern, N. C, and in 1795 settled in Philadelphia. He 
was of the firm Tagert & Smith, importers and wholesale 
dealers. He was for many years president of the Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Bank. Mr. Tagert was secretary of the Hibernian 
Society from March 17, 1814, to March 17, 1818, and was presi- 
dent of the organization at the time of his death, 1849. 

Talboty ThomaSy governor of Massachusetts ; born in Cam- 
bridge, N. Y., 1818 ; died at Billerica, Mass., 1885. He was of 
Irish parentage. 

Taylor, George, an Irishman; prominent resident of Provi- 
dence, R. I.; taught school there for over forty years, and 
was for a number of years president of the town council; 
" was an honor to the country that gave him birth." He died 
in 1778, in his seventy-seventh year. 



Thompson, Laimt, a noted sculptor. He was a native of 
- Queen's County, Ireland, and was born in 1833 1 died at Mid- 
dletown, N. Y., Sept. 26, 1894. He came with his mother to 
the United States, and settled in Albany, N. Y., 1846, and in 
New York city in 1858. He became a member of the Academy 
of Design. 

Thornton, James, and his friend, Robert Peibles, both Irish 
immigrants, made a contract, in 1738, with Col. John Stod- 
dard, of Northampton, Mass., for the purchase of the latter's 
section of " Equivalent lands." Their object was to establish 
thereon a settlement of people "who shall be such as were 
inhabitants of the Kingdom of Ireland or their descendants." 

Tracy, Patrick, a soldier in the company of Capt. Simeon 
Thayer, of Providence, R. I.; went with the company to 
Canada, 1775, and served in the forces under Gen. Richard 
Montgomery. Tracy, like Montgomery, was killed in the 
assault on Quebec. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 475 

Tranty Dominick, an ensign in the Revolution. He belonged 
to the Ninth Massachusetts regiment, and died Nov. 7, 1782, 
in his eighteenth year. In the military cemetery at West 
Point is a headstone to Ensign Trant, from which we learn 
that he " was a native of Cork, in Ireland, which place he 
quitted from a thirst for military glory and an ardent desire 
to embrace the American cause. He died equally lamented, 
as he was beloved, by all who knew him." 

Tryon, William, a native of Ireland ; became an officer in the 
British army. In 1765 he Was made governor of North Caro- 
lina, succeeding Gov. Arthur Dobbs, who was also an Irish- 
man. Tryon became governor of the province of New York 
in 1771. While he was occupying this office the Revolution 
broke out. 

Tyler, Robert, son of a president of the United States. 
Thomas D'Arcy McGee, in his " History of the Irish Settlers 
in North America," refers to him as follows : " Thus, in 1834, 
and still more in 1840, when Mr. O'Connell attempted the 
repeal of the legislative union with England, auxiliary so- 
cities sprung up in every considerable city of the United 
States. In 1842 Mr. Robert Tyler, son of the president, joined 
the movement in Philadelphia, and in Sept., 1843, ^^ presided 
over a Repeal Convention in New York. Delegates from 
thirteen states and one territory sat in that convention, which 
deliberated for three days on its own relations to the cause 
of Irish liberty. It adjourned, resolving to organize each state 
of the Union, and intending to come together again whenever 
the exigencies of the cause required it." 

Tyler, R. C, " an Irishman by birth, and an American by 
adoption " ; brigadier-general in the Confederate service ; 
wounded at Missionary Ridge. 

Usher, Sheldon, a native of the city of Dublin, Ireland ; died 
in New York City, 181 1. He was the " original manufacturer 
of those justly celebrated mineral waters now in such high 
estimation." 

Walsh, Hugh, treasurer in 1786 of the General Society of 
Mechanics and Tradesmen, New York City. 



47 6 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Walsh, Michael, editor, and political leader; a native of 
Youghal, Ireland ; bom March 7, 1810. He came to America 
and settled in Baltimore, Md., receiving a splendid education 
and becoming a lithographer. He removed to New York 
city and, in 1839, became a member of the State Assembly. 
He was for years a leader in the Democratic party in the State. 
In 1840, he established "The Knickerbocker," which continued 
two years, and resulted in Walsh's conviction for libel. Upon 
being released from confinement, he started a publication 
called "The Subterranean." He was elected to Congress in 
1853-5, and was eventually sent by the government on a con- 
fidential mission to England and Mexico. He was a visitor to 
the camps of the contending armies in the Crimea. During 
the Dorr war in Rhode Island he visited that state as a 
sympathizer with the Dorrites. In 1843 ^^ published his 
" Speeches," " Poems," and other writings. He died in New 
York city March 17, 1859. 

Walsh, Robert, author; born in Baltimore, Md., 1784; died 
in Paris, February 7, 1859. His father, an Irishman, became 
a merchant in Baltimore. In 1796, Robert, the subject of this 
sketch, delivered a poetical address at Georgetown College be- 
fore President George Washington. Walsh subsequently 
studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced the 
practise of his profession in Philadelphia. Owing to deafness, 
he subsequently embarked in journalism. He beg^n, in 181 1, 
the publication of " The American Review of History and 
Politics." This is stated to have been the first quarterly is- 
sued in the United States. He conducted it two years. In 
1817-18, Walsh edited the " American Register; " and in 1819, 
he established, at Philadelphia, the " National Gazette," and 
remained connected with the latter until 1836, when he dis- 
posed of the publication. Walsh also edited the " Magazine 
of Foreign Literature," resuscitated the " American Review," 
March, 1827, and continued to edit it with great ability for 
ten years. He went to reside in Paris about 1836; was U. S. 
Consul there in 1845-51, and resided there until his death in 
1859. He was the author of several books, 

Walter, Nehemiah, was sent by his father from Ireland to 
America, about 1674, to serve an apprenticeship to an uphols- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 477 

terer in Boston. Having a fondness for books he, with the 
consent of his father, attended college and graduated in 1680. 
He settled in Roxbury, Mass., and married Sarah, a daughter 
of Increase Mather. 

Wardy William^ a native of Ireland ; went to Texas in 1835 ; 
commanded a company of artillery at the battle of San An- 
tonio, in which engagement he lost a leg. 

Waringy Henry, born in what is now Greenwich, Conn.,. 
Oct. II, 1773. On his father's side he came from an old 
family in Ireland, and on his mother's side he was of Scot- 
tish descent. His father was a captain of artillery during the 
American Revolution. Henry, the subject of this sketch, was 
the eldest son, and in early life came to New York and became 
a clerk in the employ of Bedient & Hubbell, merchants located 
near the old Fly Market. He remained with this firm until 
1793, when he went to sea. Later, he commanded a vessel en- 
gaged in trade between New York and the West Indies. He 
was taken prisoner in 1795 by a French sloop-of-war and his 
vessel g^ven over to the care of a prize crew. This crew was 
ordered to take the vessel to Martinique. During the voyage 
Waring and one other man turned the tables on the prize crew, 
recaptured the vessel, locked up the French crew in the fore- 
castle and headed for the island of Jamaica. Within ten days^ 
sail of that place, however, Waring's ship was boarded by a 
Spanish frigate, which upon investigation, liberated the im- 
prisoned prize crew and again gave them possession of the 
ship. Waring and his associate were taken to the island of 
Eustatia, held prisoners for several months, and were then 
exchanged and sent to New York. In a short time Waring 
was given command of the privateer " Adelia," carrying seven 
g^ns, which had been fitted out by New York merchants. At 
the reorganization of the U. S. navy, the government offered 
him a commission, but he declined it. Waring then organized 
a mercantile firm in New York City, and transacted business 
under the firm name Waring & Eden. His partner died and 
the firm then became Kimberly & Waring. From about 1806 
Waring and his family resided in New York city, but passed 
considerable of their time at Brooklyn, where he owned prop- 
erty on the Heights. He made Brooklyn his home in 1813,. 



478 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

and together with his partner became interested in the naval 
store business. As a presidential elector, to which position he 
was chosen in 1832, he voted for Jackson. He disposed of his 
property upon Brooklyn Heights in 1836, and erected a resi- 
dence in another part of the city. Waring was one of the first 
directors of the Long Island Bank, and was also connected 
with the Brooklyn Savings Bank, being one of the original 
trustees of the latter. He died in 1848. He and Gov. De Witt 
Clinton were intimate friends. During our second war with 
England Waring actively participated in 1814 in work on the 
erection of Forts Greene and Swift. 

Waters, William, patented land in Maryland as early as 
1663. He was a son of Capt. Edward and Grace (O'Neil) 
Waters. 

Watson, Matthew, an Irish settler at Barrington, R. I., 1722; 
engaged in the brick-making industry, shipping the product 
' to New York and elsewhere. Bicknell states that " the brick 
mansions of some of the old Manhattan families were prob- 
ably made of Barrington clay." The labor in Watson's old 
brickyards was done chiefly by slaves, of whom he owned 
nearly fifty. All these he manumitted some time before his 
death. " It is said that up to the day of his death, his facili- 
ties were unimpaired, except for blindness. On the day that 
he was 100 years old, he called for his saddle-horse, mounted 
without assistance, and rode off briskly for a couple of miles. 
Upon his return, the negro servant being absent, and the great 
gate unopened, he touched up his horse and cleared it at a 
bound." He lived for some years afterward. 

Welch, Edward, mentioned in Savage's " Genealogical Dic- 
tionary " of New England, which states that Welch was " an 
Irish youth " sent over by the ruling power in England, in the 
ship " Goodfellow," " to be sold here." 

Wells, James, a private in the Sixth N. Y. Cavalry in the 
Civil War. He is mentioned as follows in an account of the 
third day's fight at Gettysburg: "Gen. Hancock mounted, 
and accompanied by his staff, with the corps flag flying in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 479 

hands of the brave Irishman Private Wells, started at the 
right of his line, and slowly rode along the terrible crest to 
the extreme left of his position, while shot and shell roared 
^nd crashed around him, and every moment tore great gaps 
in the ranks at his side." 

Welsh, Peter, adjutant during the Revolution in the New 
York regiment of levies commanded by Col. Frederick Weis- 
senfels. Samuel Logan was a major, and Edward Conner 
•quartermaster in the regiment. 

Williams, Barney, a celebrated actor, whose real name was 
Bernard Flaherty. He was born in the city of Cork, Ireland, 
June 19, 1824. Although born in Cork, the home of his par- 
ents was at Granard, County Longford. He was brought to 
America when between seven and eight years of age. In early 
life he was connected with the New York " Courier and En- 
quirer." Entering the theatrical profession, he made his first 
appearance on the stage, in 1840, at the Franklin Theatre, in 
Chatham Square, New York. Later he was connected with 
the Bowery Amphitheatre, New York, and with the Walnut 
"Street Theatre, Philadelphia, Pa. Subsequently he returned 
to New York city, and organized the " Columbia Minstrels." 
"He played at the P. T. Barnum Museum for some two years, 
and afterward appeared in Albany, N. Y. ; Boston, Mass.; 
Philadelphia, Pa. ; Baltimore, Md., and other cities. On Nov. 
24, 1849, he married a "youthful and beautiful actress, who 
had made her debut at the New National Theatre in Chatham 
Square," New York. Their first appearance after their mar- 
riage was in Washington, D. C. Later they went on exten- 
sive professional tours in this country, Ireland, England and 
Scotland. In these tours they scored gjeat triumphs. Wil- 
liams purchased a summer home at Bath, L. I., which he 
named " Kathleen Villa," in honor of his wife. Here they dis- 
|>ensed lavish hospitality, and entertained many distinguished 
people. In 1868-9 ^"^ '7^ Williams was manager of the old 
Wallack Theatre, at Broadway and Broome Street, New York. 
He had a city residence at 41 East 38th Street that city, 
where he possessed a fine collection of works of art. His 
property, real and personal, was estimated at from $250,000 



48o BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

to $500,000. He died at his home in New York city. He has 
been spoken of as '' one of the most popular and genial Irish 
comedians that have graced the American stage." 

Williamson, Hugh, a member of the North Carolina House 
of Commons in 1782 and 1785 ; was also elected to the Conti- 
nental Congress. He was a native of Pennsylvania. His 
father, an Irishman, had been a clothier in Dublin, and came 
to this country in 1730. 

Wilson, Rev. James, an Irishman who visited Providence, 
R. L, in 1791, and eventually became pastor there of the old 
" Round Top " church. He remained with the church until 
his death, a period of over 48 years. About the year 1800 he 
was appointed, by the Town Council of Providence, master of 
one of the four free schools established there. 

Wise, George S., Jr., a native of Virginia, of Irish descent 
He went to Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1812, and was purser in the 
navy yard there. He was of a pleasant disposition, and be- 
came very popular. " During one season of scarcity of labor 
and of food for the poor, he established, in connection with 
some of his brother officers of the Navy and the charitable 
ladies of the village [Brooklyn], an ordinary where many 
little children were daily fed, instructed and clothed ; and from 
this originated the Loisian School, of which he was secretary. 
He was one of the almoners of the Brooklyn Dorcas Society, 
and the principal founder of the Erin Fraternal Association, 
of which he was president at the time of his decease. As 
president of the Roman Catholic Society he was largely in- 
strumental in the erection here [Brooklyn] of their first 
church edifice." He was an active member of the King's 
County Agricultural Society, and was a trustee of the village 
in 1822-23. He died Nov. 20, 1824. 

Wright, Michael, a native of Queen's County, Ireland; pa- 
triot of the American Revolution ; enlisted at Providence, R. 
L, 1781, and served in a Rhode Island regiment of the line. 



A GENERAL INDEX 



M 



U 



A beautiful shamrock wreath is pre- 
sented Miss Bryant, 171. 

Ability of the Irish to cross the At- 
lantic at so remote a period as the 
sixth century, 13. 

Abraham, Plams of, 429. 

A daughter of Patrick Mark is 
killed by the Indians, 428. 

Address by Thomas Francis 
Meagher, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 

23s* 236. 

Address of President Theodore 
Roosevelt to the New York 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 352. 

Address to the Rt. Hon. W. E. 
Gladstone by the New York 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 323, 

324. 
Advertisements in Washington, D. 

C, papers, 190, 191, 192. 

Advertisements, Some interesting, 
158, 190, 191, 213, 214, 215. 
A gallant officer," Martin Burke, 
a8i. 

A glorious example of the old 
New Yorker," 100. 

Agnew, John, " a good and remark- 
able man " who " disliked English 
rule in Ireland," 57. 

A group of Irishmen who named 
the little town of Kinsale on the 
Potomac about 1662, 431. 

"A handsome little Irishman," 392. 

"A handsome, good-natured-lookmg 
Irishman in a ragged provincial 
uniform," 389. 

A huge land purchase, 144, 145. 

Alabama, Emerald Guards of, 435. 

Albany, N. Y., Sons of Erin of, 248. 

Albany, N. Y., St. Patrick's Society 
of, 248. 

Alden John, "the Irishman," 19. 

A legacy of $10,000 by Mrs. Caro- 
line Donovan, 180. 

Alexanders, The, of New York 
City, 95. 96. 

A list of New York officers serving 
in the Patriot army during the 
Revolution, 113, 114. 

Alonjr the coast and within the 
limits of the Plymouth jurisdic- 
tion, 20. 



America Before Columbus, History 

of, 13. 
America, Early Irish voyages to, 13. 
American eagles, half eagles and 

quarter eagles shipped to Ireland, 

159. 

American history. The Irish ele- 
ment in, II. 

American-Irish Historical Society, 
23, 27, 179, 426, 431. 

American prisoners put to death by 
the British with the bayonet, 126. 

American privateer lost near Ply- 
mouth, Mass., 426. 

Americans, The, take possession of 
New York City, 122. 

" Amiable child," St. Claire Pollock, 
the, I37» 138. 

Among the killed and wounded were 
several Irish men and women, 
202, 203. 

"A native of Donegal in the King- 
dom of Ireland," 379. 

A native of Galway, Ireland, Mau- 
rice Lynch, 181. 

" And a plentiful supply of his poor 
relations," 396. 

"And 104 veterans of the Revolu- 
tion acted as pall bearers," 136. 

Andriessen, Jan, "de lersman van 
Dublingh,'^ 27, 28, 29. 

"And some returned to Ireland," 

25- 
"And that there was in truth a 

Great Ireland besides the Ireland 

of which we know," 13. 
"And with them must have come 

many Catholics," 208. 
" An honor to the country that gave 

him birth," 474. 
An Irish clergyman a guest at 

Mount Vernon, 187. 
An Irishman slain by the Indians, 

Robert Beers, 374. 
"An Irishman who had served un- 
der Washington," John Robinson, 

180. 
An Irish Palatine, Margaret Swit- 

zer, 58. 
An Irish Quaker, Thomas Fawcett, 

402. 
"An Irish servant lad," 69. 



482 



A GENERAL INDEX 



An Irish settlement near the Wal- 
labout named "Vinegar Hill," 
127. 

An Irish weaver, Major John Clark, 
the grandson of, 387. 

"An Irish youth" sent over "by 
the ruling power in England," 68. 

Antietam, Battle of, 422, 434, 438. 

Antrim, Dublin and Londonderry 
in New Hampshire, 44. 

" A parcel of likely servants," 68, 69. 

A participant in fCing Philip's war, 
John Casey, 385. 

Appeals to Irish residents of New 
York, Boston and Baltimore dur- 
ing the War of 1812-15, 165, 166. 

A pedagogue of the old school, 186. 

A privateer commander, David 
Donahew, 396. 

A regular packet ship between Sligo 
and New York, 160. 

A reign of suffering, wretchedness 
and misery, 149, 150, 151. 

A Revolutionary soldier of Con- 
necticut, Joseph Rourke, 465. 

A Rhode Island pioneer, Thomas 
Casey, 385. 

Ari Mar sons sojourn in Great Ire- 
land, 14, 15. 

Army of the Potomac, St Patrick's 
Day celebration in, 296, 297. 

Arrival at New York of ships from 
Ireland, 153, 155. 

Arrival at Plymouth colony of a 
ship having many Irish aboard, 
19, 20. 

Article on the New York Pollocks 
by Mr. Bartholomew Moynahan, 
137, 138, 139. 

A runaway indentured Irish serv- 
ant, 68. 

" As a land long known by name to 
the Northmen," 16. 

A schoolmate of General Washing- 
ton's wife, 100. 

*• Ashes of the heroic Montgomery," 
242. 

A ship bound from Dublin for New 
York is boarded at sea by a Brit- 
ish sloop-of-war and several of 
the passengers impressed, 156. 

A ship bound from Dublin for New 
York City strikes on Wicklow 
Banks, 152. 

A ship from the river of Sliffo, Ire- 
land, is cast away at Martha's 
Vineyard, Mass., 156. 

A ship sent from the Massachusetts 
Bay colony to Ireland for pro- 
visions, 23. 



Assault on Quebec, Montgomery's, 

120, 121, 474. 
A stirring scene in New York dar- 
ing our second war with England, 

166, 167. 
At the Outset, Introduction, 9. 
A vessel with Irish emigrants is 

driven ashore at Newport, R. L, 

156. 
"A veteran Latin schoolmaster," 

Richard Fitzgerald, 45. 
A victim of the Boston massacre, 

Patrick Carr, 385. 



Bacon, Michael, comes from Ireland 
and settles at Dedhun, Mass., 
372. 

Baker, Miss Virginia, of Warren, 
R. I., 21. 

Baltimore, Md., The Hibernian So- 
ciety of, 253. 

Baptismal Register of old St 
Peter's Church, New York City, 
Extracts from the, 78, 79, 80, 81, 
82, 83, 84. 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 
91 92. 

Baxl>adoes, Irish property owners 

in, 37f 38, 39. 
Barbadoes, Irish transported to, 24. 
Barbour, Thomas, Sketch of, 37^ 

373- 

Barnstable^ Mass., A brig from Ire- 
land arnves at. 156. 

Barry, Capt Patrick, 374. 

Barry, Commodore John, 374. 

Battle of Antietam, 422, 434, 438. 

Battle of Bunker Hill, 44, 4^. 

Battle of Chancellorsville, 391, 438, 

456. 
Battle of Chapultepec, 467, 468^ 
Battle of Cerro Gordo, 473, 468^ 
Battle of Churubusco, 473. 
Battle of Contreras, 473. 
Battle of Fort Moultrie, 262. 
Battle of Fredericksburg, 438, 444, 

456. 
Battle of Gett3rsburg, 456. 
Battle of Guilford Court House, 

424. 
Battle of 
Battle of 
Battle of 
Battle of 
Battle of 
Battle of 
Battle of 
Battle of 
Battle on 
Beamish, 



Lexington, 408. 
Malvern Hill, 450. 
Opequan, 435. 
Sharpsburg, 445. 
South Mountain, 422. 
Spottsylvania, 435. 
Tippecanoe, 452. 
Williamsburg, 435. 
Lake Champlain, 386, 434. 
North Ludlow, 14, 15, 16. 



A GENERAL INDEX 



483 



Beers, Robert, an Irishman, slain 
by the Indians, 374. 

Berkeley comes to Rhode Island, 46. 

Biographical Sketches, 371. 

Birch, George L., Sketch of, 375. 

Blennerhasset, Harman, The ex- 
perience of, 375, 376. 

Blue Ridge, Irish settle along the, 

40. 
Boston, Charitable Irish Society of, 

45, 46, 122, 179, 249, 250, 301, 302. 
Boston Irishmen appealed to during 

the War of 1812-15, 165. 
Boston massacre, Patrick Carr, a 

victim of the, 385. 
Boston records. Extracts from the, 

^ Sh 52, 53, 54, 55. 

Boston, Siege of, 433. 

Boston, The ship ''Lime" arrives 

at, from Ireland, 149. 
Bradford, Governor, of Plymouth 

colony, mentions Irish there, 20. 
Brendans voyage to America, 13, 

14. 17, 18. 
British attack on Havre de Grace, 

John CNeil the hero of the, 167, 

168. 
Brougham, John, Sketch of, 37S, 
Buchanan, President James, Sketch 

of, 379. 
Bunker Hill, Battle of, 44, 436. 
''But it rather appeared to them 

that they spoke Irish," 15. 
Butler, James, "came from Ireland 

about 1653," 382. 
Butler, John, the first child of Irish 

parentage bom in Wobum, Mass., 

382. 
Butterfield, Gen. Daniel, 17. 

Cahill, Rev. D. W., Sketch of, 383, 

384. 
Caldwell, Rev. James, Sketch of, 

384. 
Calhoun, John C, Letter from, 198, 

199. 
Calhoun, Patrick, 198. 

** Came from Ireland about 1653," 
James Butler, 382. 

'' Captain Gark, the master, sick- 
ened and died," 149. 

^ Captain Haggerty, slain in battle," 

337- 
Capture of the " Margaretta," 446, 

447. 
Carpenter, Esther B., of Wakefield, 

R. I., 73- 

Carrolls, The, of Maryland, 35. 

Carr, Patrick, a victim of the Bos- 
ton massacre, 385. 



Carrickfergus, The ship "Eagle 
Wing" from, 21. 

Carrick-on- Shannon, Robert Straw- 
bridge a native of, 58. 

Caseys, Early, of Rhode Island, 24, 

25- 
Casey, John, a participant in King 

Philip's war, 22, 23, 385. 

Casey, Thomas, a Rhode Island pio- 
neer, 24, 385. 

Cashel, Psalter of, 13. 

Catholic address to George Wash- 
ington, 104. 

Catholic institute in New York 
City, An early, 174. 

Catholic priests in New York City, 
Early, 141, 142, 143. 

Celebration of St. Patrick's Day in 
the Army of the Potomac, 296, 

397. 

Celtic literature and Celtic antiqui- 
ties, 357. 

Celtic sagas. The old, 357. 

Centennial anniversary of the New 
York Friendly Sons of St Pat- 
rick, 301. 

Cerro Gordo, Battle of, 468, 473. 

Chancellorsville, Battle of, 391, 438, 
456. 

Chaplains of Irish birth or descent 
with our French allies during the 
American Revolution, 142. 

Chapultepec. Battle of, 467, 468. 

Charitable Irish Society of Boston, 
45, 46, 122, 179, 249, 250, 301, 302. 

Charleston, S. C, Founders of the 
Hibernian Society of, 264. 

Charleston, S. C, Irish Volunteers 
of, 268. 269, 271, 272, 273, 274, 
275, 276, 27S. 

Charleston, S. C, St. Patrick's 
Benevolent Society of, 260, 277. 

Charleston, S. C, The Hibernian 
Society of, 245, 249, 259-271. 

Churubusco, Battle of, 473. 

Cincinnati Society of the, 122, 260, 

413. 
"Clare, and Roche, and Dillon," 

232. 
Clark. Major John, "grandson of 

an Irish weaver," 387. 
Clintons, The, of New York, 112, 

122, 123. 
Qogston family of New Hampshire, 

^44. 

Coffee, Edward, "an Irish man 

servant," 68. 
"Col. Greene's Regiment of Foot," 

439. 
Collins, William, accompanies a 



484 



A GENERAL INDEX 



U 



party from the West Indies to 
New Haven, 25. 

Colony of Irish," A projected, 
mentioned by Cotton Mather, 43. 

Colony of Refugio, 459. 

Colony of San Patricio, 435. 

Columbus, An Irishman with, 18. 

Completion of the Erie Canal, 192. 

Connaught Rangers, The, J03. 

Conner, Philip, of Maryland, 35. 

Constable, William, 99, 100, loi, 138, 
144, 204, 206, 207, 300. 

Contents, Table of, 5. 

Contract made with an Irishman to 
collect the bones of martyrs of 
the "Jersey" prison ship, 127. 

Contreras, Battle of, 473. 

Copy of the last letter known to 
have been written by Gen. Rich- 
ard Montgomery, 120. 

Corcoran, Gen. Michael, Sketch of, 

390. 
Corcoran Legion, The, 390. 
Corcoran, William W., Sketch of, 

390, 391. 
Cork and Dublin, Vessels regularly 

trading between New York and, 

66. 

Cork and New York, The ship 
" Needham " a regular trader be- 
tween, 67. 

"Cork, Belfast, and other parts," 

99. 
Cork, David Hamilton, a native of, 

409. 
Cork, James Boies writes from, to 

Samuel Waldo of Boston, 376. 
Cork, Passengers arrive at Boston 

from, 52. 
Cork School of Art, 427. 
Cork, Servants just arrived from, 

advertised in Philadelphia, 68, 69. 
Cork, William Penn had resided 

for some time in, 34. 
Combury, Lady Katherine, of New 

York, 56. 
Cromwell's barbarous regime in Ire- 
land, 24. 
Crowell, Thomas, an Irish school 

teacher in Brunswick, Me., 392, 

393. 

Crown Point, Dennis Maccarty en- 
gaged in expedition against, 426. 

Crowninshield, Sally, of Salem, 
Mass., 395. 

Cuming, James R., Sketch of, 393. 



Danaher, Judge Franklin M., of Al- 
bany, N. Y., 27, 28, 29. 



Darby Field, an Irishman of the 
Massachusetts Bay colony, 21, 22. 

Dawson, Henry, Sketch of, 395. 

Declaration of Independence, Men- 
tion of the, 112, 2o5, 262, 363, 4S7. 

Dedham, Mass., Michael Bacoo 
comes from Ireland and settles 
at, 372. 

De Roo's " History of America Be- 
fore Columbus," 13. 

Destruction of the British vessel 
** Gaspee " by patriots, 470. 

Dexter, Richard, an Irishman, set- 
tles in Boston about 1640, 22. 

Dillon, Count Arthur, 395. 

Dillon, Regiment of, 395. 

Dinner to the French Government 
Mission by the New York Friend- 
ly Sons of St. Patrick, 326, 327, 
32& 

Disgraceful conduct of a British 
landholder, 218. 

District of Columbia, Irish in the, 
189. 19a 

Dobbs, Governor Arthur, of Nofth 
Carolina, 396. 

Doheny Col. Michael, Sketch of, 
396. 

Donahew, Capt. David, a privateer 
commander in 1744-45, 396. 

Dongan, Governor, 26, 30« 3i> 3% 34* 

I4i» 144. 
Dorrance, John, a prominent Rhode 

Island citizen of Irish parentage, 

398. 
Dorrance, Rev. Samuel, an Irish 

clergyman of Derby, Conn., 3518. 
Dring, Capt Thomas, tells startling 

facts about the "Jersey" prison 

ship, 131, 132. 
Duane, Anthony, 146. 
Duane farm. The old, 146, 147. 
Duane, James, mayor of New York 

City, I45» 146. 
Duanesburg, N. Y., 145, 146. 
Dublin benevolence exemplified, 300. 
Dublin, The ship "Happy Return' 

arrives at New York from, 66. 
Dublin, The ship " Mary and Su- 
sanna" trades direct between 

New York and, 67. 
Dulany, Daniel, in the service of 

Maryland for nearly forty years, 

26. 



"Eagle Wing," The Ship, from 

Carrickfergus, 21. 
Early Catholic educational institute 

in New York City, 174. 



A GENERAL INDEX 



48s 



East Greenwich, R. I., Charles Mc- 
Carthy one of the founders of, 25. 

Emerald Guards, of Alabama, 435. 

Emmet, Thomas Addis, ij8, 165, 
242. 

England, Bishop, 269, 271, 278. 

Engaged in "bringing emigrants 
from Ireland to New England," 
James Boies, 376. 

Ensign Trant, Headstone at West 
Point to, 475. 

Erie Canal, Celebration in honor of 
the completion of the, 192, 193. 

Expedition against Crown Point, 
Dennis Maccarty engaged in, 426. 

Exploit of an Irish youth, 44. 

Extracts from the records of the 
New York Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick, 336. 

Fanning, Dominick, of Limerick, 

Ireland, beheaded by Ireton, 25. 
Fanning, Edmund, an Irishman, 

flees from Ireland, and settles in 

Groton, Conn., 25. 
'* Father of the Presbyterian 

Church in America," 57. 
Fenian Brotherhood, The, 453. 
Fenian Congress, 473. 
Field, Darby, an Irish pioneer, 21, 

22. 
Fitzgerald, Miss, The romance of, 

71. 

Fitzgerald, Richard, "a veteran 
Latin schoolmaster," 45. 
Flags once borne by Clare, and 
Roche, and Dillon," 232. 
For aught he knew to the con- 
trary might be Papists in dis- 
guise," 57. 

For many years after the bones 
of these martyrs were visible 
along the shore," 127. 

Forrest and Macready riot, The, 
202, 203. 

Fort Corcoran, on Arlington 
Heights, 390. 

Fort Moultrie, 262. 

Founders of the Hibernian Society 
of Charleston, S. C, 264. 

Fraunces' Tavern, New York, 382. 

Fredericksburg, Battle of, 438, 444, 
456. 

French Government Mission, Din- 
ner to, by the New York Friendly 
Sons of St. Patrick, 326, 327, 328. 

Friendly Brothers of St. Patrick, 
300, 302, 303. 

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New 
York, Celebrations by the, 225, 



« 



«< 



4t 



226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 240, 241, 

242, 243, 244, 245» 246, 247, 248, 
256, 297. 298, 299, 300. 

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New 
York, Centennial anniversary of, 
301. 

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Phila- 
delphia, 303. 

" From Armagh in Ireland," 379. 

Frontispiece, Mr. Crimmins in his 
library. 

Fulton, Robert, Sketch of, 403, 404. 

• 

Gaelic revival. The, 360. 

Gaine, Hugh, of New York, 93, 94, 

III, 138. 

" Gallantly defended the unfinished 
forts on the Hudson," 123. 

Gardar, See of, in Greenland, 16, 17. 

" Gaspee," Destruction of the, 470. 

Gettysburg, Battle of, 456. 

Gladstone, Address to, by the New 
York Friendly Sons of St. Pat- 
rick, 323, 324. 

Goldsmith, Oliver, The widow of, 
in New York. 338, 339. 

Gookin, Daniel, transports emi- 
grants and cattle from Ireland to 
Virginia, 40. 

Grace, William R., Sketch of, 406, 
407. 

Granary Burial Ground in Boston, 

23. 45- 
" Grandson of an Irish weaver. 

Major John Clark, 387. 

" Great Ireland," Mention of, 13, 14, 

15. 16, 19, 304. 
Great land holdings recalled, 144, 

145- 
Greaton, Gen. John, Sketch of, 407, 

408. 
" Great store of provisions both out 

of England and Ireland," 24 
" Great Swamp fight," 23. 
Greens, The Irish Republican, 162, 

163, 164, 405. 423, 428, 464. 
Groton, Conn., Edmund Fanning, 

an Irishman, settles in, at an 

early period in, 25. 
Gudleif Gudlangson visits Great 

Ireland, 15. 
Guilford Court House, Battle of, 

424. 

Haggerty & Austen " did the largest 
auction business in the United 
States," 107. 

Harrison, William Henry, Action 
taken by the New York Friendly 



486 



A GENERAL INDEX 



Sons of St. Patrick relative to the 

funeral of» 337. 
Hartig^n, Mrs. Bets^, 97. 
Hastings, Hugh J., Sketch of, 410. 
Havre de Grace, Md, The British 

attack on, 167, 168, 169, 170. 
Hibernian Society of Baltimore, 253. 
Hibernian Society of Charleston, S. 

C, 24s, 249, 259, 271. 
" He kept a pack of hunting dogs, ' 

95. 
He "was a Catholic as his father 

had been," 104. 

"He dispensed a bountiful and re- 
fined hospitality," 103. 

Hibernian Society of Philadelphia, 
Pa., 24S» 250, 251, 252, — 258, 392, 
394, 422, 440. 445, 474. 

"Hibemia," The packet ship, 213. 

Higgins, Cornelius, mentioned in 
tihe Providence, R. I., records, 24 

Hillhouse, Rev. James, a native of 
Ireland, 411. 

"History of America Before Co- 
lumbus," 13. 

Hogan, Michael, a prominent New 
Yoric merchant, 108, 130, 144 

Hotten's " Original Lists,** Extracts 
from, 36, 37, 38, 39- 

Hutchinson, Anne, William Collins 
marries a daughter of, 25. 



« 



u 



Icelandic sagas, 14 

I do not think a braver, truer man 

fought in any army," 425. 

I have ever taken pride in my 

Irish descent," John C. Calhoun 

declares, 198. 
Indentured servants mentioned, 66, 

67, 68, 69, 70, 71. 
Introduction — At the Outset, 9. 
Ireland, A brig from, arrives at 

Barnstable, Mass., 156. 
Ireland, A letter to, from New York 

(in I737),6i, 62, 63, 64 
Ireland, American eagles, half 

eagles and quarter eagles shipped 

to, 159. 

''Ireland and Holland," a toast in 
New York City by Judge Roose- 
velt, 247. 

Ireland, "And some returned to," 

25. 
Ireland, Arrival at New York of 

ships from, 153, 155. 
Ireland, A ship from Limerick, runs 

ashore at Rhode Island, 156. 
Ireland, A ship from the river of 

Sligo, is cast away at Martha's 

Vineyard, Mass., 156. 



Ireland, Daniel Gookin transports 
emigrants and cattle from, to Vir- 
ginia, 40. 

Ireland, James Boies engaged in 
bringing emigrants from, to New 
England, 376. 

Ireland, John Butler came from, 
about 1653, 382. 

Ireland, Michael Bacon comes from, 
and settles at Dedham, Mass., 372. 

Ireland, Relief for (in 1847), 194 

Ireland, Rev. James Hillhouse a 
native of, 411. 

Ireland, The Williamite war in, 

36. 

Ireland, Ships and passengers ar- 
rive at Boston from, 51, 52, 53, 

54 55. 
Ireland, Ships loading at New York 
City (December, 1810) for, 152, 

153. 

Ireland, Supplies arrive at Boston 
from, 23. 

Ireland, " The Line of," ^5. 

Ireland, The ship "Lime** sails 
from, for Boston, Mass., 149. 

Ireland, Tragic voyage from, 149. 

"I remember the old Kearny mer- 
chants very well," 106. 

Irish act with the Picts and Saxons 
against the Roman wall, 14. 

Irish arrivals at Boston, Many, (in 
1723 and thereabouts), 51. 

Irish arrivals at the port of Phila- 
delphia, 35- 

Irish at Salem and Boston, Mass., 
with the Puritans, 21, 22. 

"Irish blood and Irish genius and 
Irish power," 319. 

Irish Brigade, Meagher's, 355. 43S. 

"Irish by birth, but German by 
blood," Philip Embury, 58. 

Irish colony, A projected, mentioned 
by Cotton Mather, 43. 

Irish colonies in South Carolina, 
261. 

Irish colony of San Patricio, The, 

405. 
Irish ecclesiastics on the Faroe 

Islands, 14 
Irish educators in New York, 173, 

174, 177, 178, 179. 
Irish Element in American history, 

The, II. 
Irish element in Massachusetts prior 

to 1700, 24 
Irish Emigrants arrive at Boston 

•from Cork, 52. 
Irish emigrants lost in a wreck, 157, 

158. 



A GENERAL INDEX 



487 



" Irish Emigrants of Decades Ear- 
lier than 1737," 9. 

Irish emigrants visit and inhabit 
Iceland, 14. 

** Irish family names abound in 
every rank," 208. 

Irish mimigration, Heavy, to New 
Jersey, Delaware, Virginia, the 
Carolinas and Georgia, 35. 

Irish immigration to South Caro- 
lina, 208. 

Irish immigration to Virginia, 40. 

Irish immigrants settle in Belfast, 
Me., 44. 

Irish indentured servants in New 
York and elsewhere, 66, 67, 68, 69, 

70,71. 

Irish in St Louis, Mo., The, 287. 

Irish in the Plymouth colony, 
20, 21. 

Irish language. The, 437. 

''Irish linens, beef, butter, sal- 
mon,' etc, 67- 

Irish lords and clansmen, 11. 

Irish maritime prowess, 14. 

Irish merchants of New York City 
in the early days, 93, 103, 104, 100, 
107, 108. 

Irish military organizations in St. 
Louis, Mo., 288» 289, 290. 

Irish monarch operates along the 
English and French coasts, 14 

Irish names borne by New Hamp- 
shire places, 44 

Irish names borne by patriots con- 
fined aboard the "Jersey" prison 
ship, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131. 

Irish names borne by Pennsylvania 
places, 34, 35- 

Insh names in New York regiments 
during the Revolution, 115, 116, 
117, 118, up, 120. 

Irish names m the 1786 New York 
Directory, 102, 103. 

Irish names in the Plymouth and 
Massachusetts Bay colonies, 22. 

Irish organization, The oldest, in 
this country, 46. 

Irish Palatines in New York, 58, 59. 

Irish passengers perish (in 1847) 
by the loss of the " Stephen Whit- 
ney," 161. 

Irish pioneers in Rhode Island, 24, 

Irish place names in New York 
State, 187. 

Irish ports, Many vessels sail be- 
tween New York City and, 66. 

Irish Presbyterian clergyman ar- 
rested in New York, 57. 



Irish Presbyterians and Methodists 
in New York. 56, 57, 58, 59. 

Irish Presbyterian Synod, The, 180. 

Irish professional people in New 
York City, Early, 173. 

Irish property owners in Baibadoes, 

37, 38, 39. 

Irish Quaker, Thomas Fawcett an, 
402. 

Irish Quakers, Arrival of, in Penn- 
sylvania, 34 

Irish rebellion of 1798, 378, 399, 405, 

428, 457, 465. 

Irish Repeal Association, 438. 

"Irish Republican Greens," The, of 
New York City, 162, 163, 164, 405, 
423, 428, 464 

Irish residents of New York volun- 
teer for work on the defences, 
166, 167. . 

** Irish Schoolmasters in the Ameri- 
can Colonies, 1640-1775, with a 
Continuation of the Subject Dur- 
ing and After the War of the 
Revolution," 179. 

Irish settle along the Blue Ridge, 
40. 

Irish settle in large numbers in 
Pennsylvania, 34 

Irish settlement near the Wallabout 
named "Vinegar Hill," 127. 

Irish settlements in South Carolina, 
35, 261. 

Irish settlers in Barbadoes, 37, 38, 

39. 
Irish settlers in Pittsburg, Pa., 209, 

210, 211, 212. 
Irish settlers in the New England 

colonies previous to 1650, 2<. 
Irish settlers in the province of New 

York long before Governor Don- 

gan's time, 26. 
Irish settlers in the West Indies, 36, 

37, 38, 39. 

Irish settlers in North Carolina, ^. 

Irish settlers in Virginia, Earlyi 
36. 

Irish soldiers at Fort William and 
Mary, N. H., 43, 44- 

Irish soldiers in an early (1756) 
New Hampshire regiment, 41. 

Irish soldiers in a regiment under 
Washington before the Revolu- 
tion, 40, 41. 

Irish soldiers in King Philip's war, 

.23. 

Irish subscribers to a patriotic loan 
during the War of 1812-15, 165. 

Irish traces in some of the Ameri- 
can Indian dialects, 16. 



488 



A GENERAL INDEX 



Irish trade. New York ships in the, 

66, 67, 68. 
Irish transported to New England, 

24. 
Irish transported to Virginia, 24. 
Irish troops transported to Scotland, 

I3» 14. 
Irish victims of a New York riot, 

202, 203. 
Irish Volunteers of Charleston, S. 

C, 268, 269, 271, 272, 273, 274, 

275, 276, 278. 
Irish vouth, Exploit of an, 44 
Irland it Mikla, 14. 
Isles of Shoals, Roger Kelly of the, 

23. 

Jackson, Andrew, Letter from, de- 
claring his parents were Irish, 197. 

Jackson writes to the Shamrodc 
Friendly Association of New 
York City, 200. 

Jasper Greens, The, of Savannah, 

437. 

Jefferson, President, 468. 

"Jersey" prison ship. The, Many 
Irish among the patriots confined 
there, 126, 127, i^, 129, 130, 131; 
narratives of William Burke and 
Thomas Dring, 126, 127^ 131, 132; 
horrors of the ship, 120, 127, 131, 

132, 133, 134, I35» 136. 
Jogues, The illustrious Father, 26, 

27- 
"John Cate, the master, died of 

small pox/' 149. 
Jones, Teague, of Yarmouth, Mass., 

20, 21. 
" Just arrived from Cork," 68, 69. 

Kearnys, The, of New Jersey and 
New York, 106. 

"Kearny Cross," The, 391. 

Kelly & Morrison, of New York, 
subscribe $20,000 to a patriotic 
loan in the War of 1812-15, 165. 

Kelly, Darby, " a bright, quick- 
witted Irishman," 181. 

Kelly, Eugene, Sketch of, 418. 

Kelly, John, Sketch of, 419. 

Kelly, Michael, a Rhode Island pio- 
neer, 419. 

Kelly, "Old Master," an Irish 
schoolmaster in Rhode Island, 
182. 

Kelly, Roger, of the Isles of Shoals, 

23. 
Kemp, George, Sketch of, 420. 
King of Munster gets ready a large 

fleet. The, 13. 



King Philip's war, 21, 22, 23, 385, 

426, 442, 463. 
Knights of St, Patrick, The New 

York, 341. 
Knox takes possession of New 

York City, 122. 

Lake Champlain, Battle on, 386, 434. 
Lake Erie, Commodore Perry the 

hero of, 182. 
Land holdings recalled. Some great, 

iA4f 145- 
"Landed in Ireland late in harvest, 

and were in Dublin for the win- 
ter," 15. 

Larkin, Edward, a pioneer of New- 
port, R. I., 24, 420. 

Law, George, Sketch of, 421. 

" Leading Men of the Bay," 4a 

Lee, " Light Horse " Harry, 372. 

Lewis family of Virginia, The, 41, 
42. 

Lexington and Concord, Mass., 385. 

Lexington, Battle of, 408. 

Limerick, Surrender of, 25. 

Lincoln, Abraham, Action taken by 
the New York Friendly Sons of 
St. Patrick on the death of, 337. 

Linehan, Hon. John C, 179. 

Loss of the ship " Stephen Whit- 
ney" (in 1847), with many Irish 
passengers, 161. 

Loss of the ship " Swatara " bound 
for Philadelphia, 251, 252. 

L3mch, Dominick, prominent New 
York merchant, 103, 104, 108, 138. 

L3mch, Dominick, Jr., "the most 
fashionable man in New York," 
104 

Lynch, James, a judge of the Ma- 
rine Court of New York, 104 

Lynch, Thomas, the Signer, 262. 

McCaffrey, Dr. William, of New 
York City, is murderously as- 
saulted, 201, 202. 

McCarthy, Charles, one of the 
founders of East Greenwich, R. 
I.. 25. 

McCarty, Daniel, Speaker of the 
Virginia House of Burgesses. 430. 

Machias, Me., The O'Briens of, 446, 
447, 448. 

Macomb. Alex., 108, 138, 139, 144. 
204, 205, 206, 207, 208. 

"Macomb's Purchase," 205, 207, 
208. 

McCormick, Daniel, a founder of 
the New York Friendly Sons of 



A GENERAL INDEX 



489 



« 



4< 



St Patrick, 99, 100, I38» 144, 205, 
206, 207. 
McEvers family, The, of New York, 

138. 
McGee, Thomas lyArcy, 122, 383, 

435, 475. 

MacSparran, Rev. James, an Irish- 
man, pastor of St. Paul's Church 
in Narragansett, R. I., 181, 437. 

''Magic charm of the Celt," The, 

364. 
Mahan, Dennis Hart, of West 

Point, 427. 
Malvern Hill, Battle of, 450. 
^* Manor of Cassiltowne," Governor 

Dongan's, 144. 
*' Many of them being Irish, 20. 
Maritime prowess of the Irish^ 14. 
""Marched in two great divisions," 

166, 167. 

Margaretta," Capture of the, 446, 

447. 
Marriage licenses in the Province of 

New York, 73, 74, 75, 7^, 77- 
Martha's Vineyard, Mass., A ship 

from Ireland is cast away at, 156. 
Maryland, Daniel Dulany of, 26, 
Maryland, The Carrolls of, 35. 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, Irish 

pioneers in the, 21, 22. 
** Master Brady had charge of the 

deck," 171. 
Mather, Cotton, mentions a pro- 
jected colony of Irish, 43. 
Maunsell, Gen. John, Sketch of, 429. 
** Mayflower," Irish on the, 19. 
Meagher, Gen. Thomas Francis, 

Sketch of, 438. 
Meagher's Brigade, 355, 438. 
Mexico, A New York regiment in 

the war with, 170. 
Mohawk Valley, 65, 144, 207. 
*' Monarch of Ireland and Albany," 

13. 
Montgomery, Gen. Richard, 112, 

120, 121, 122, 123, 355, 474; letter 

written by, 120, 121. 
Montgomery summons Sir Guy 

Carleton to surrender Quebec, 

120, 121. 
Monument on Long Island, N. Y., 

to the dead of the " Bristol " and 

the " Mexico," 157, 15a 
Monument to Gen. Montgomery in 

New York City, 121. 
Mooney, Hercules, 181. 
Mooney, William, of New York, a 

leader of the Sons of Liberty, 136. 
Morrell, John, an Irishman, marries 

at Boston (in 1659), 22. 



Mount Vernon. An Irish dergymas 

a guest at, 107. 
Moynahan, Bartholomew, Article 

on the New York Pollocks by, 

137, 138, 139. 
Mulligan, John W., secretary for 

Baron Steuben, 97. 
Mulligans, The, of New York City, 

96,97. 
Munster, The king of, gets ready a 

large fleet, 13. 
Murder of Col. H. F. O'Brien, in 

New York City, 201, 203, 204. 
Murphy, Henry Cruse, Sketch of, 

442. 
Murray, James, writes to Ireland 

from New York in 1737, 61, 62, 

63, 64. 
Murray, Thomas Hamilton, 22, 149, 

179. 
Murray, Rev. John, a patriot of the 

Revolution, 57. 
"My parents were Irish," Andrew 

Jackson declares, 197. 



Narragansett Indians, 20, 23. 
"Never was there a truer heart, 

never was there a sounder or 

brighter brain," 387. 
New England, Irish transported to. 

New Hampshire, Antrim, Dublin 
and Londonderry in, 44. 

New Hampshire places bearing 
Irish names, 44. 

New Hampshire regiment, Irish sol- 
diers in an early, 41. 

Newport News, Origin of the 
name, 40. 

Newport, R. I., A vessel with Irish 
emigrants is driven ashore at, 156. 

New York and Sligo, A regular 
packet ship between, 160. 

New York City and Irish ports, 
Many vessels sail between, 66. 

New York City, Arrival of ships 
from Ireland at, 153, 155. 

New York City Directory for 1786, 
Irish names in the, 102, 103. 

New York City Directonr for 1791, 
Irish names in, 105, 100. 

New York City during the Revolu- 
tion, no, III, 112. 

New York City, Early Irish pro- 
fessional people in, 173. 

New York City, Great Irish mer- 
chants of, in the early days, 93, 
103, 104, 106, 107, 108. 

New York City, Letter written to 



490 



A GENERAL INDEX 



Ireland from (in 1737), 61, 62, 63, 
64. 

New York City, Old St Peter's 
Church in, 78. 

New York City, Poll list of (in 
1761), 60, 61. 

New York City, Some early Irish 
residents of, 59, 60, 61. 

New York City, The British evacu- 
ate, 122. 

New York Historical Society, la 

New York Irishmen turn out in 
large numbers for work on the 
defences, 166, 167. 

New York officers serving in the 
(patriot army during the Revolu- 
tion, 113, 114. 

New York^ Province of, Marriage 
licenses issued in, 73, 74, 75, 70^ 

New York regiment of volunteers 

for the war with Mexico^ 170. 
New York regiments during the 

Revolution, Irish in, 115, 11^ II7» 

118, 119, 120. 
New York ships in the Irish trade, 

66, 67f 68. 
New York subscribers to a patriotic 

loan during the War of 1812-15, 

165. 
New York teachers in 1851, 194, 

19s, 196. 
Niall of the Nine Hostages, 14. 
Norse sagas, 13. 
North Atlantic blockading fleet, 172. 

O'Brien, Col. H. R, is murdered in 
New York City, aoi, 203, 204. 

O'Brien, Fitz James, Sketch of, 446. 

O'Brien, Jeremiah, a patriot of Uie 
Revolution, 446, 447. 

O'Brien, Mayor Hugh, of Boston, 
Sketch of, 446. 

O'Briens, The, of Machias, Me., 446, 

447, 448. 
O'Donohue, Joseph J., Sketch of, 

, 450, 451. 

" Of Corke in Ireland," 3S, 

0*FerraIl, Governor, of Virgini 

425. 

O Hara, (kn. James, 209, 210, 211, 
212 

"Old Master" Kelly, an Irish 
schoolmaster in Rhode Island, 
182. 

O'Killia, David, of " old Yarmouth," 
21. 

O'Mahony, John, Sketch of, 453. 

O'Neal, Hugh, an early Irish resi- 
dent of New York, 27. 



la, 



« 



O'Neil, John, The heroic, 167, 16B, 

169, 170. 
** On main guard, Morristown," 429. 
Opequan, Battle of, 435. 
aReilly, John Boyle, Sketch o^ 455. 
O'Rorke, Col. Patrick IL, Sketch <3^ 

456. 

Pacific Coast, An early St. Patridi's 

Day banquet on the, 28a 
Patrick, Capt Daniel, 22. 
Patterson, Robert, Sketch of, 457, 

4S8. 
Pennsylvania, Immigration of Irish 

Qusucers to, 34. 
Pennsylvania, Irish settle in large 

numbers in, 3^ 
Pennsylvania places bearing Irish 

names, 34, 35. 
Penn, William, had resided for 

some time in Cork, Ireland, 34. 

People of consequence" and 

" People of property," 464. 
Perry, Commodore, the hero of 

Lake Erie, 182. 
Philadelphia, Pa., The Hibernian 

Society of, 245, 250, 251, 252-258, 

392, 394, 422, 440, 445* 474. 
Philadelphia, Heavy Irish munigra- 

tion to the port of, 35. 
Philadelphia, Pa., Loss of the ship 

"Swatara^ bound for, 251, 252. 
Philadelphia, Pa., St Patridi's 

Benevolent Society of, 248. 
Philip's war. King, 21, 22, 23, 385, 

426, 442» 463. 
Pittsburg, Pa., Irish settlers in, 

209, 210, 212. 
Plains of Abraham, 429. 
Plymouth, Mass., American priva- 
teer lost near, 426. 
Polk, James K., President of the 

United States, 141. 
Pollock, St. Qaire, the "amiaUe 

child," 137, 138, i» 
Pollocks, The, of New York Gty, 

97. 98, 137, 138. I39f lAOf 141, 144. 
Portsmouth, N. H., marriages. 

Early, 48, 49, 5a 
Provincial Congress of New York, 

146. 
" Psalter of Cashel," 13. 

Quakers, Arrival of Irish, in Penn- 
sylvania, 34. 

Records of the New York Friendly 
Sons of St. Patrick, Extracts 
from the, 336. 

" Republican Greens," The Irish, of 



A GENERAL INDEX 



491 



New York City, 162, 163, 164, 

405, 423, 428, 459. 464. 
Revolution, Captain Melally com- 
mands an American privateer in 

the, 438. 

Revolution, Jeremiah O'Brien a pa- 
triot of the, 446, 447. 

Revolution, John Murphy, an Amer- 
ican naval officer during the, 443. 

Revolution, Richard McCarty, a 
major in the, 431. 

Revolution, South Carolina Irish in 
the, 261, 262. * 

Rhode Island, A ship from Limer- 
ick, Ireland, runs ashore at, 156. 

Rhode Island, Berkeley comes to, 
46. 

Rhode Island, "The Great Swamp 
Fight," in, 385. 

Riley, John, Richard and Patrick, 
earlv settlers in the Connecticut 
Valley, 22. 

Robinson, John, "an Irishman who 
had served under Washington," 
180. 

Robinson, William E., Sketch of, 

463. 
Romance of Miss Fitzgerald, 71. 
Roman wall, Irish act with the 

Picts and Saxons against the, i^ 
Roosevelt, President Theodore, is 

entertained by the New York 

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 350. 

Rouffh Rider CyNeill," 364. 

Roule of ye Freemen of ye colonic 

of cverie Towne," 24. 
Rourke, Joseph, a Revolutionary 

soldier of Connecticut, 465. 
Rowan, Stephen C, Sketdi of, 465, 

466. 
Rutledges, The, of South Carolina, 

262. 



St. Christophers, Irish settlers in, 

36,37. 
St. Qaire Pollock, the "amiable 

child," 137, 138, 139. 

St. Louis, Mo., Irish military or- 
ganizations in, 283, 289, 290. 

St. Louis^ Mo., Knights of St. Pat- 
rick of, 291, 290, 293. 

St. Louis, Mo., The Irish in, 2^7, 
288, 289, 290. 

St. Patrick's Benevolent Society of 
Charleston, S. C, 260, 277. 

St Patrick's Benevolent Society of 
Philadelphia, Pa., 248. 

St. Patrioc's Day banquet on the 
Pacific Coast, Early, 280. 



« 



«i 



if 



« 



St Patrick, Friendly Brothers of, 

300, 301, 303. 
St. Patrick, Knights of. The New 

York, 341. 
St. Patrick, New York Friendly 

Sons of, Charitable work of, 219. 
St Patrick's Society of Albany, N. 

Y., 248. 
St Patrick's Day, Some celebrations 

of, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223 224, 225,. 

226, 227, 228, 229, 230. 
St. Paul's churchyard. New York 

City 121 122. 
St Peter's 'church, New York City, 

Extracts from the baptismal regis- 
ter of, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 

86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92. 
San Francisco Cal., Knights of St 

Patrick of, 286, 287. 
San Patricio, The Irish colony of^ 

405, 435. 
Savannah, The Jasper Greens of, 

437. 

Scaflower," Tragic voyage of the, 

from Ireland, 149. 
Sent to Ireland to fetch provi- 
sions," 23. 

Seminole war, 466. 

"Shamrock." The New York, 
Sketch of, 189, 190. 

"Shamrock," The United States 
ship, 171, 172. 

Sharpsburg, Battle of, 445. 

Shields, Gen. James, Sketch of, 468. 

Ships loading at New York City 
(December, 181 o) for Ireland, 

152. 

Siege of Boston, 433. 

"Six bodies had been thus con- 
sumed," 150. 

Sligo and New York, A regular 
packet ship between, 160. 

Society of the Cincinnati, 122, 260, 

413. 
Society of United Irishmen, 180, 

413- 
" Some of the best and most ancient 

blood in Ireland," 11. 

Some residents of New York City 
before the Revolution, 109. 

Sons of Liberty, Hercules Mul- 
ligan one of the, 96. 

South Carolina, Heavy Irish im- 
migration to, 208. 

South Carolina, Irish settlers in, 
261. 

" South County Neighbors," 73, 

Spottsylvania, Battle of, 435- 

Stony Point, The storming of, 470. 



49* 



A GENERAL INDEX 



it 



■n 



it 



it 



4t 



Story of the Irish in Boston," 

Culfen's, 24. 
StuyViesant, Hon. Peter, 30. 
Suftem, Thomas, Sketch of, 470, 

471. 
Sweeny, Gen. Thomas W., Sketch 

of, 473- 



Tammany honors the patriot dead 

of the British prison ships, 135, 

136. 

Tara," The good ship, 140. 
Taylor, President, 452. 
Ten Townships," The, 144. 
The daughter of Lord O'Brian," 

56. 
^*The cream of the cream of the 

old families here," 104. 
"The Great Swamp Fight" in 

Rhode Island, 385. 
"The Irish settlers make very good 

linens," 188. 
^*The last commander of Old 

Kent," 35. 
■"The living were driven to feed 

on the dead," isa 
^* The most fashionable man in New 

York," 104. 

The perfect Irish host and gentle- 
man,^' 108. 
"These sturdy sons of Hibemia," 

21, 22. 
"These were all Irish Palatines," 

59. 
""The Wallaces and Sherbrookes 

were of Irish stock, probably 

Irish bom," 96. 

They loved God and liberty," 11. 

This is the mark of Jan Andries- 

sen, the Irishman, with his own 

hand set," 28. 
"Thither was sailing, formerly, 

from Ireland," 17. 
"Thomas the Irishman," 3a 
Thousands of native Americans^ en- 
list in the service of the British 

crown, III. 
" Took shipping at Dublin," 122. 
^*To whom the name Seaborn was 

given," 21. 
Tragic incidents aboard emigrant 

ships, 149. 
Tragic voyage of the "Seaflower" 

from Ireland, 149. 
Trant, Ensign, Headstone at West 

Point to, 475. 
Tryon, Grovemor, Some vessels 

commissioned by, iii. 
Two interesting books, 187, 188. 



■it 



it 



United Irishmen, Society of, 180, 

413. 
U. S. S. " Shamrock " launched at 

the Brooklyn Navy Yard, 171. 



Valley Forge, 386. 

Van Buren, Martin, writes to the 
New York Friendly Sons of St 
Patrick, 201. 

Van der Donck, Adriaen, of New 
York Province, 27. 

"Vinland the Good," 15, 17, IQ- 

Various events in New York City 
under the auspices of the Friend- 
ly Sons of St. Patrick, 322. 

Virginia Company of Planters, The, 
26. 

Virginia, Daniel Gookin transports 
emigrants and cattle from Ire- 
land to, 40. 

Virginia, Governor O'Ferrall of, 

425. 

Virginia House of Burgesses, Dan- 
iel McCarty, Speaker of the, 4a 

Virginia, Irish transported to, 24. 

Virginia, The Lewis family of. 41, 
42. 

"Volunteers of Ireland," a British 
military organization during the 
Revolution, iii, 112. 

Voyages between Iceland and Ire- 
land of ordinary occurrence in the 
tenth century, 14. 



Wallabout, Ghastly scenes at the, 
127, 133, 134, 135. 

Wallaces, The, of New York, 94, 95. 

Walsh & Gallagher, of New York, 
subscribe $io,oqo to a patriotic 
loan during the War of 1812-15, 
165. 

Walsh, Michael, a famous school- 
master, 182. 

War of 1812-15, 160, 162, 163. 164, 
165, 267, 468. 

War with Mexico, 170, 288, 416, 437. 
466, 467, 478. 

"Was brought home to die," 435. 

Washington and Lee University, 
180. 

Washington, D. C, Sons of Erin of, 

249. 

Washington, George, The " Catholic 
Address " to, 104. 

Washington has many Irish in a 
regiment under his command be- 
fore the Revolution, 41. 



A GENERAL INDEX 



495 



Washington papers, Advertisements 

in, 190, 191, 192. 
West Indies, Irish settlers in the, 

36, 37, 38, J9. 
"Whitehall," Berkeley's farm in 
Rhode Island, 46. 
White Man's Land, or Great Ire- 
land," 14, 15, 16, 304. 



«< 



"White marble palace" of William 

Edgar, The, 107. 
Williamsburg, Battle of, 435. 
Williams, Barney, Sketch of, 479* 
Williams, Roger, 19, 4a 
Winthrop, Governor, of "the Bay,' 

22,33. 



>^ 



INDEX TO IRISH PLACES 



Antrim, 49, SO, 205, 383, 399, 423. 
Armagh, 49, 180, 379. 

Bangor, 140. 

Belfast, 99, 140, 149, IS^, IS3, I55, 

156, 158, 160, 393, 42S, ASS, ASfi, 

471. 

Carlingford, 435. 
Carridcfergus, 21, i8a 
Carrick-on-Shannon, 58. 
Carrigaline, 40. 
Castletown, 30. 
Cavan, 420. 
Clare, 108, 139, 394- 
Oogher, 47. 

Qoync^ 46, 47, 399- 

Coleram^ 48, 49, 50^ 41a 

Cong, 140. 

Connaught, 303. 

Cork, 40, 48, 49, 50, 52, 152, IS3, I55, 

156, 160, 208, 376, 399, 427, 447, 

A^f 453, 473, 475, 479- 
Craig, 447. 

Derry, 46, 48, 5Q, 5i. 

Donegal, 49, 57, 198, 379, 385. 

Down, 140, 421, 423. 

Drogheda, 158, 159. 

Dromore, 426. 

Dublin, 15, 48, 100, 122, 153, I5<, 
156, 158, 160, 177, 302, 376, 378, 
379, 380, 392, 395, 396, 399, 402, 
411, 422, 427, 428, 440, 453, 465, 

^475. 
Dundalk, 159. 

Dungarvan, 48. 
Fermanagh, 410, 446. 

Galway, 48, 14S, 149, 380, 381, 441, 
469, 479. 



Kilkenny, 46, 47, 382, 414, 429, 454. 
King's, 48, 49. 
Kinsale, 34, 399. 

Leitnm, 58. 

Limerick, 48, 49, 50, 141, 156, 375, 

4", 423, 429, 446. 
Londonderry, 49, 51, 66, 152, 153, 
, I55» 156, 159, 426, 432. 
Longford, 122, 479. 

Mallow, 449. 

Mcath, 64, 65, 142, 453, 455- 
Monaghan, 267. 
Momitmellick, 468. 

Ncwry, 66, 67, 152, 155, 156, 158, 159^ 
Portrush, 149. 
Queen's, 474, 480. 
Sligo, 152, 160. 

Thomastown, 410. 

Tipperary, 48, 50, 400, 403, 429, 439, 
453. 

Tyrone, 49, 61, 386, 413, 4I7, 457, 
463,468. 

Ulster, 48, 261. 

Warrenstown, 64. 

Water ford, 48, 49, 50, 159, 160, 4CB, 

„ 413, 438, 453, 460, 464. 

Westmeath, 444. 

Wexford, 34, 159, 395, 464. 

Wicklow, 152, 405. 

Youghal, 476. 



**. 



ipillllllllH 

3 2044 024 358 590 



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