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Full text of "Irish family history"

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HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




PLTRCHASED FROM THE 
INCOME OF THE 

FRED NORRIS ROBINSON 

CELTIC FVSD 



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IRISH FAMILY HISTORY. 



PART II 



CONTAINING 

A HISTORY 

OF THE 

CLAN EOGHAN, OR EOGHANACHTS, 

DESCENDANTS OP 

EOGHAN MORE, OR EUGENE THE GREAT, 

COMPILED FROM ALL THE ACCESSIBLE SOURCES OF IRISH FAMILY HISTORY. 

BY RICHARD F. CRONNELLY. 



" If any there be which are desirious to be strangers in their owne soile, and forrainers 
in their owne citle, they may so continue, and therein flatter themselves ; for such like I 
have not written these lines, nor taken these paines."— Camden. 



DUBLIN: 

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR BY 

GOODWIN, SON, AND NETHERCOTT; 

AND 

Sold by W. B KELLY, 8, Grafton-st., Dublin. 

1864. 



PRICE Ss. 6d. 



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IRISH FAMILY HISTORY. 



PART I. 

^ // 



A HISTOEY 

OF THE 

CLANNA-RORY, OR RUDR[CIANS, 

DESCENDANTS OF 

RODERICK THE GREAT, MONARCH OF IRELAND, 

COMPILED FROM THE ANCIENT RECORDS 

IN THE LIBRARIES OF TRINITY COLLEGE AND THE ROYAL IRISH 
ACADEMY, FROM OUR NATIVE ANNALS, THE PUBLICA- 
TIONS OF SEVERAL LEARNED SOCIETIES, AND 
OTHER RELIABLE SOURCES. 

BY KICHARD F. CRONNELLY. 

TO WHICH IS ADDED, BY WAY OF APPENDIX, 
A PAPER ON THE 

AUTHORSHIP OF THE "EXILE OF ERIN." 

BY A SEPTUAGENARIAN. 



" Backward cast your eyes enquiring 
Upon History's mighty page, 
Who are highest there emblazoned. 
Loved and blessed in every age?"— /Vorncei. 



DUBLIN : 

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR BY 

GOODWIN, SON, AND NETHERCOTT, 

AND 

Sold by W. B. KELLY, 8, Grafton-st., Dublin. 

1864. 



Digitizecf&'<15(3ǤIe 



IRISH FAMILY HISTORY. 



A HISTORY 

OF THE 




CLANNA-RORY, OR .RUBRICIANS, 

DESCENDANTS OF 

EODERICK THE GREAT, MONARCH OF IRELAND, 

COMPILED PROM THE ANCIENT RECORDS ^ 

IN THE LIBRARIES OP TRINITY COLLEGE AND THE ROYAL IRISH 
ACADEMY, FROM OUR NATIVE ANNALS, THE PUBLICA- 
TIONS OP SEVERAL LEARNED SOCIETIES, AND 
OTHER RELIABLE SOURCES. 

BY RICHARD F. CRONNELLY. 



PART I 



TO WHICH IS ADDED, BY WAY OF APPENDIX, 
A PAPER ON THE 

AUTHORSHIP OF THE ''EXILE OF ERIN/' 

BY A SEPTUAGENARIAN. 



*' Backward cast your eyes enquiring 
Upon History's mighty page, 
Wlio are highest there emblazoned. 
Loved and blessed in every age V— Frances. 



DUBLIN : 

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR BY 

GOODWIN, SON, AND NETHEECOTT, 

AND 

Sold by W. B. KELLY, 8, Grafton-st., Dublin. 

1864. 



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DEDICATION. 



/ 



Not without considerable timidity are the following 
pages offered to the benevolence of the reader. It id 
not from any doubt of the interest felt bj his coan* 
trymen. in the subject to which their notice is solicited, 
but it is from the presumption that his work might 
have gained in completeness by more extensive re- 
search, than the laborious duties of a calling, adverse 
to all literary pursuits, permitted, that the author 
feels obliged to acknowledge the hesitation he feels 
in inviting the attention of the learned to this slender 
resnlt of much labour. 

r A sincere search after truth, and a desire to waken 

<j-*^ from oblivion— as it is well to do from time to 

•f.^ .me— the past glories of our race, have sufficed to 

\ ^heer the author through many difficulties that have 

attended his studies. To all his countrymen the 

jpatriotism, the valour, the learning, and the piety of 

rishmen of all ages are an inheritance, and, there- 

jre, to all are sketches, genealogical, historical, and 

iographical, like the following, of importance ; and 

> all are these now offered ; but in an especial 

"^ lanner must they be dear to those favoured families 

ii whose veins run to this day the same illustrious 

rJood which flowed from the hearts of those saints 

md heroes whose pedigrees are now, for the first time, 



^ 



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printed— those saints who left their lovely Erin, the 
" Thebaid of the West,** to preach the Gospel to the 
Switzer by the Rhine, and to the Burgund by the Vis- 
tula ; and those heroes whose battalions measured arms 
with the Roman legions in Britain, and with the 
Gallic hordes in the valleys of the Pennine Alps* To 
the descendants then of Roderick the Great, to the 
humblest, as to the loftiest, of the Clanna Rory, are 
tiiese records of their illustrious forefathers now 
offered, and in their benevolent reception of his humble 
offering the author will find his reward. 

To many gentlemen — ^fellow-labourers in the much 
neglected fields of Irish literature — the writer is in- 
debted for such facilities as they were able to afford 
him in his studies, by allowing access to the books 
and manuscripts in^ their possession which he has 
needed to consult. To Dr. Todd, T.C.D., and to 
Edward Clibborn, Esq., R.I. A., for their courtesy in 
permitting him acce'ss to the valuable collection of 
MSS. in their custody, the writer of these pages has 
much pleasure in acknowledging his indebtedness and 
tendering his warmest thanks. 

RICHARD F. CHONNELLT. 

Constabulary Depot, Phoenix Park, 
June 10th, 1864. 



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Th$ Rudrician FaxnUka in the order in which an accaufU of each 
ie given in this history. 



The MRgennlses 


The M'Raghnailla or Beynolda 


„ O'Mores 


„ O'Quins 


tj COronneUyi 


„ O'MolTeya 


y, (yDogans 


^ O'Neidhea 


ff CMorans 


„ O'Oonarya 


„ O'Lennans 


,, 0*Diochallaa 


n O'Oasans 


„ O'Maoletigha 


„ M'Gowans or Smiths 


,, M«Eeogh5 


„ M'Wards 


„ O'Beices 


,, M'Scanlana 


„ M'Maolisaa 


„ O'Kennjs 


„ O'Dugans 


,9 O'Lawlors 


,. 0'Ck>8cridhfl 


„ O'Ljnches 


„ M'Roiy or Rodgera 


,9 O'Mannioiis 


), Corca-Dallan 


,, Maginns 


,, Corca-Adim 


„ M'Cohreavys or Oraya 


„ Dal-Confinn 


f, M'Cartans 


,, CiarmigheLoch an Aimeagh 


„ O'Carelons 


f, Ciamiighe Ae, or Ai, or Nao 


„ O'Conors-Keny 


jj Ciamiighe Airteach 


„ O'Conors-Oorc 


„ Cinel Bnine 


J, O'Logblena-Barren 


„ Gailenga 


„ O'Kielys 


„ Uiliodan 


„ M'Shanlya 


„ Owny Deiflceart 


„ M'Prioni 


y, Eo^anacht Aire Cliacb 


„ O'Ferrals 


,j O^Drennana 


„ CRoddys 




J, M*Fiiiyar8 or Gajnora 






,j M'Oormick 


The Irian Saints 


9, M^Dorcliya 


„ Irian Monarcha 



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AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT 

or 

THE CLANNA RORY, 



liBT ns begin at the begiimiiig-^ 

1* Adam^ the first of human beings, called in the old Irish 
Genealogical MSB. Adhamh, Mac Debhi, ^' Adam, the 
Son of God/* who was created A.M. 1, B. 0. 3739,* 
left issne by his wife, Eve, according to an ancient 
Hebrew tradition, thirty-three sons and twenty-three 
daughters. One of his sons was named, 

2. Beth, bom A*M. 130, B. 0. 3609 ; he Uved 912 years, 

and died A.M. 1042, leaving a son, 

3. Enos, bom A.M. 285 ; he uved 905 years, and died 

A.M. 1140, leavinff a son, 

4. Gainan, bom A.M. 325; he lived 910 years, and died 

A.M. 1235, leaving a son, 

5. Mahalaleel, bom A.M. 395 ; he lived 895 years, and died 

A.M. 1290, leaving a son, 

6. lared, bom A.M. 460; he lived 962 years, and died 

A.M. 1422, leaving a son, 

7. Enoch, (in whose translation fairyism had its origin,) 

born A.M. 622, translated A.M. 987, aged 365 years, 
leaving a son, 

8. Methuselah, bom 687 ; he lived 969 years, and died 

A.M. 1656, a few months before the rlood, leaving a 
son, 

* In the foUowing history I hate foUowed the Chronology of the Rahhi 
NuaonwhoreckonB87407eerefromthecrefttionof Adam, tothe birth 
of Chiitt ; and I am folly conyinoed that this oompatetion ii fiur more 
accurate than the long Chronology of the S^uagint adopted by the 
Fonr Masten, and than eren the calculation of Scaliger. 



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8 

9. Lamech, bom A.M. 874; he predeceased his father^ 

liTing only 777 years, died A*M. 1651| five years be* 
fore tne general deluge, and left a son, 

10. Noah, bom A.M. 1056 ; he lived 950 years, and died 

A.M. 2006, 350 years after the flood, leaving three 
sons, viz., Bhem, Ham, and, 

11. Japhet, bom A.M. 1556 ; he left seven sons, namely, 

Gomer, from whom are descended the Gomerites or 
Galatians; Madai, from whom are the Madains or 
Medes ; Javan, from whom are the lonians and Greeks ; 
Thubal, from whom are the Thubalites or Iberians of 
Spain ; Thiras, from whom are the Thirasians or Thra- 
cians ; Mosoch, from whom are the Moschi of the Cas- 
pian Bea and the GappadoCians ; and, 

12. Magog, from whom are the Macogites or Scythians, 
according to Josephus and other ancient writers. 
MaffOg was bom about A.M. 1668, and died about 
A.M* 1820, leaving three sons, viz. Ilbhaeth, Fatheach- 
tach, and, 

13. Baath, bom A.M. 1708 ; he died about A.M. 1856, 
leaving a eon, 

14. Feniusa-Fearsa, bom A.M. 1750. This grandson of 
Magog became King of the country subsequenfly de- 
nominated Scythia, and now forming part of European 
Russia, and made a journey to Magh Sennair, or the 
plains of Shinar, leaving his eldest son Nenual in the 
Govemment of the kingdom. His second son was, 

15. Niul the linguist, born A,M. 1790. This distinguished 
prince who was bom on the plain of Shinar immedi- 
atelv after the confusion of tongues, was contemporary 
with Phaleg, who was 15th in descent from Adam. 
Pbaleg was so called, says Josephus, because he was 
bom at the dispersion of the Nations to their several 
countries ; for Phaleg among the Hebrews signifies 
diviiion. Several ancient Irish writers assert that Niul 
was contemporary with Moses, and that his son Ga- 
delus, who had been bitten by a serpent in Egypt, 
when a child, was miraculously cured oy the Hebrew 
lawgiver. This Synchronism destroys the bardic 
Chronology, for it is impossible that Nel, who was the 
great {nrandson of Magog, could be living at tiie period 
of the jBxodus ; nor is it probaUe that the Irish knew 
anything of this event until long aft^ the introduction 
of Christianity, when copies of the Pentateuch 



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toond a place amon^ the literary collections of the 
bards and his historiographers. This prince yisited 
Egypt^ and married Scota, the daughter of Pharaoh 
Ceangris or Cincris, King of that country, from which 
union sprung, 

16. Gaedbal Glas, otherwise Gadelus, who obtained his 
name from his love of leamiug, or as some say from 
the color of bis armour ; bom A.M. 1832, married an 

s Egyptian princess, and had by her a son whom he 

7 called, 

17. Easru, bom A.M. 1874 ; he married a lady of the 
blood royal of Egypt, and had by her a son, 

18. Sru, bom A.M. 1912. . This prince was expelled out 
of Egypt by the King of that country, the son of 
Pharaoh an Tuir, i.e. of the monument or pyramid, 
and the Gadelians under his leadership began their 
voyage from one of the mouths of the Nile, and sailed 
towards Cyrene, a city of Lybia, where they settled 
for some time. Here their chief leader fell sick and 
died, leaving his eldest son, 

19. Heber Scot, governor of the country. This enteroris- 
ing prince who was born in Egypt A.M. 1960, conduct- 
ed a colony of the Gadelians into Golgeta in Scythia, 
the cradle of the race of Fenius, which was inhabited 
by the Getse, a tribe of the Scythians. In the valu- 
able historical Irish Poem of Maelmura of Fahan this 
country is called " Golgatha the stormy," and as the 
word Gol prefixed to tms tribe name signifies " One- 
eyed/' it is not unreasonable to sujypose that this was 
the country of the Gorgons whom Eschylus places in 
the Eastern parts of Scythia. Heber died in Scythia 
leaving a son, 

20. Ogamhan, born A.M. 2008. This prince, who was 
contemporary with Abraham, was slain in a battle 
fought between his own people and the descendants 
of Nenual, and he was succeeded by his son, 

21. Tait, bom A.M. 2058; he died in Scythia, where- 
upon his eldest son, 

22. Agnon, who was bom A.M. 2108, and was^ contem- 
porary with Jacob, conducted the Gadelians into Cap- 

f padocia, in Asia Minor, where he died, leaving three 

sons, viz. Ealdoid, Lamhglas, who died at Cyrene ; 
and, 

23. I-amhfiom, bom A.M. 2157, who in conjunction with 



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10 

Aldoid^ his brother, Ging> and the druid Caicer, con- 
ducted the Gadellans into Gaethliughe or Galatia or 
Gallo-Grecia, a country of Asia Minor, where he died 
leaving to his son, 

24. Heber Glunfionn, the ffovemment of the country. 
This prince was born A.M. 2206, and died in Galatia, 
leaving a son, 

25. Eibhric, bom, A.M. 2256, who succeeded his father in 
the government of the kingdom, and died at an ad- 
vanced age, leaving a son, 

26. Nenuel, bom A.M. 2301, who left a son, 

27. Nuadhat, bom A.M. 2349, who left a son, 

28. Aldoid, bom A.M. 2398, who left a son, 

29. Earchada, bom A.M. 2448, who left a son, 

80. Deaghada, born A.M. 2498, who left a son^ 

81. Bratha, born A.M. 2547. The Gadelians, after a stay 
of three hundred years in Galatia, were conducted by 
this enterprising prince into Spain, then. inhabited by 
the Iberi or the descendants of Tubal, son of Japhet ; 
here he had a son bom to him whom he called, 

32. Breogain, bom A.M. 2596 ; he defeated the Iberians 
in several engagements, and made himself master of a 
large tract of country, which he left to the govern- 
ment of his eldest son, 

33. Bille, who was bom A.M. 2644, and became the father 
of the great 

84. Gollamh, otherwise Miledh or Milesius, bom in the 
province of Gallicia, in Spain, A.M. 2690, B.C. 1050. 
When Miledh attained the age of manhood he visited 
the Court of Refflor, King of Scy thia, who gave him 
in marriage his daughter Seang, by whom he had two 
sons, viz. Don, and Aireach Feabhruadh. Soon after 
the death of his wife which occurred about A.M. 
2722, this distinguished prince left the dominions of 
his father-in-law, and set out for the Egyptian Court, 
where he was kindly received by Pharaoh, who gave 
him in marriage his daughter Scota, after whom it is 
said the Scots are called, and Erin obtained the name 
of Scotia.* By this lady he had two sons during his 
sojoum in Egypt, namely, Heber, from whom are 

• A Milesian colony having established themselves in Alban or North 
Britain in the last quarter of the 6th century, the principality of which 
they became possessed was called Scotia Minor, to distinguish it from 
Scotia Major, or the parent country, and hence the name of Scotland* 



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11 

descended the Heberians, and Amergin^ a celebrated 
Drnidy lawgiver, and poet. After remaining some 
years in the land of the Pharaohs, Milesins embarked 
his followers in sixty boats or ski£59, and steered to- 
wards the kingdom of Spain, but the princess Scots 
being in an advanced state of pregnancy^ he was 
obliged to land on the island of Irene, in the Thra- 
cian Chersonese> where she was safely delivered of 
a son whom he called, 
85. Ir, (£rom whose younffer brother Heremon the Here- 
monians are descended and called), bom A.M. 2732, 
B. 0. 1008. This celebrated Gadelian commander 
was one of the chief leaders of the expedition under-^ 
taken for the conquest of Erin A.M. 2772, B. C. 968, 
but he was doomed never to set foot on Irish soil ; a 
violent storm scattered the Oadelian fleet as it was 
coasting round the island in search of a landing place, 
and the vessel commanded by the valiant Ir was 
separated from the rest of the fleet, and driven upon 
an island since ccJled Scellig-Mhichael off the coast 
of Kerry, where she split upon a rock and sank with 
all on board. This unfortunate prince, who was con- 
temporary with Behoboam, son of Solomon, and from 
whom the Irians are called, left a son, 

36. Heber, bom in Spain A.M. 3772, The province of 

Ulster was assigned to this young prince upon the 

{artition of Ireland among the leacung Gadelian chiefs 
y his uncles, the princes Heber and Heremon, sons 
of Milesius. He died at an advanced age, and was 
succeeded in the government of Ultonia by his son, 

37. Eibhric, bom A.M. 2812. This illustrious prince was 
killed in a domestic feud, and he was succeeded in the 
government of his principality by his youngest son, 

38. Airtri, whose elder brothers, Cearmna and Sobhairce 

put forth their claims to sovereign authority, gave 
battle to the reigning king, Eochy, son of Dartry, of 
the Ithian race, whom they slew, mounted the throne 
A.M. 2892, and reigned joint monarchs of Ireland 
until A.M. 2932, when Sobhairce was slain at his 
pidace of Dun-Sobhairce, or Dunseverick, in the 
county of Antrim, by Eochy Meam, and Cearmna in 
the sanguinary battle fought near Dun Cearmna, the 
residence of this monarch at Einsale, in -the countv of 
Cork, by his successor, Eochy Faobnrglass, grandson 



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12 

of Heber Fiom^ eon of Milesiafl. This prince was bom 
A.M. 2852, and died at an advanced age, leaving a 
son, 

39. Seadhna, bom A.M. 2892, ascended the throne of 
Ulster A.M. 2982, slew Botheachta, son of Maoin, 
of the race of Heremon, monarch of Ireland, 2948 
A.M. and assumed the sovereignty of the whole 
island. It was during his reign that the Dubhloingeas 
or ** pirates of the black fleet " came to plunder the 
royal palace of Gruachan, in Boscommon, and the 
£ing was unfortunately slaio in an encounter with 
these adventurous marauders by the hand of his own 
son and successor, Fiacha, who mistook him for a 
pirate chief whom he had slain and whose helmet he 
wore. 

49. Fiacha sumamed Fionsgothach from the abundance of 
white flowers with which every plain in Erin abounded 
during his reign, was bom A.M. 2932, in the palace 
of Bathcruaghan, the chief residence of the Irish kings 
during the greater part of the bardic period of Irish 
History. This monarch was slain in the 70th year 
of his age and 20th of his government, by his successor 
Muineamhon, son of Cas-Glothach, of the race of 
Heber ; he left a son, the celebrated, 

41. OUamh Fodhla, the Irish Lycurgus, who instituted the 
Feis Teamhrach, or conventions of Tara, whither this 
illustrious monarch removed the seat of government, 
to commemorate the decisive victory which he gained 
at this place over his predecessor Aldergy, son of the 
regicide Muineamhon. Here, henceforward, the 
petty kings and princes held their great triennial and 
general asssemblies, and the Druids, bards and his- 
toriographers of the kingdom met to examine the pub- 
lic records and to frame new laws. The proceedings 
of these learned bodies were chronicled by the chief 
historiographers in a book called the "Psalter or 
Eepertory of Tara," from which extracts were made 
by the provincial Scribes. OUamh Fohla was bora 
A.M. 2971, and died at an advanced age, after a pros- 
perous reign of thirty years, leaving five sons, namely 
Finachta, Slanoll, Geide-OUgothath, Fiacha, who were 
successively monarchs of Ireland, and 

42. Cairbre,-King of Ultonia, bom A.M. 3012; he died in 
the 82nd year of the reign of his brother, Fiacha, 
leaving a son, 



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13 

43. Labhraid, born A,M. 3052. This prince governed the 
province of Ulster daring the long and prosperous 
reign of his cousin Oiliol, son of Slanoll, son of 
OUamh Fodhla^ and was succeeded at lus death by 
his son, 

44. Bratha, bom A.M. 3092 ; he was slain by Breasrigh, 
a prince of the Heberian race, in the 12th year of the 

1 reign of Niadh-Fion-Fail^ and he was succeeded by his 

^ son, 

' 45 Fionn, bom A.M. 3130. This prince recollecting that 

his ancestors had been kings paramount of Ireland, 
collected the forces of Ultonia, and marched at their 
head to the royal palace of Tara, where he gave battle 
to and defeated the monarch Eochy Opthach, or Eochy 
of the plagues, and assumed the sovereignty of the 
kingdom, which he held for the space of twenty years. 
This monarch, who was slain by his successor, Seadhna* 
Ivnarai^, of the Heberian line, left a son, 

46. Siorlamh or the Longimanus, so called from the extra- 
ordinary length of his hands, which, says Keating, 
would touch the ground when he stood upright, bom 
A.M. 1370 ; he slew the monarch Lughaidh of the 
race of Heber, in the ninth year of his sovereignty, 
and assumed the government of the kingdom, which 

> he held for the space of sixteen years, at the expira- 

f tion of which he was slain by his successor, Eochy- 

Uairceas, i.e. Eochy of the Skiffs or Currachs^ son of 

the former king ; he left a son, 

47, Airgeadmear or the Silver-fingered, bom A.M. 3210. 
This prince ascended the throne of Ireland A.M. 3273, 
and was slain after a prosperous and peaceful reign of 
twenty-three years, by Duach the Hasty and Lughaidh 
Laiglie, two princes of the Heberian line who became 
successively monarchs of Ireland. He left four sons, 
namely, Fiontan, whose son, Ciombaoth, became 
monarch of Ireland ; Diomain, whose son Deathorba 

S»vemed Erinn twenty-one years ; Badhum, who was 
e father of Aedh or Hugh Koe, who became monarch 
of Ireland and was drowned at Eas-Aedh, or Assaroe, 
) : now Ballyshannon, in the County of Donegal, and 

grandfather of Macha Mongmadh or Macha of the 
red or gold^ tresses, (daughter of Hugh Roe) queen 
of Ireland, who laid the foundation of the palace of 
Emhain or Emania, in the County of Armagh, where 
her consort Ciombaoth, above mentioned, died of the 



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14 

plague. According to the Irish Senachies this resi- 
dence of the subsequent kings of Ultonia of the Irian 
race, derived its name from Queen Macha's having 
marked out the area of the building by the Ea-mhuin 
or neckpin, which fastened her falluing or mantle. 
The fourth spn of Airgead-mear was, 

48. Fomhor, bom A.M. 3^40, who died during the reign 
of his nephew Ciombaoth, leaving a son, 

49. Dubh, bom A.M. 3280. This prince governed the 
province of Ulster for a considerable length of time, 
and took no part in the disturbances occasioned by the 
pretensions of his cousins, the children of Dioman, 
Fintan, and Hugh Roe ; he left a son, 

60. Sitridhe or Sithrighe, bom A.M. 3316, B.C. 424. This 
prince governed the province of Ulster many years, 
and died at an advanced age, leaving a son, 

61. Roderick the Great, born A.M. 3362. This monarch, 
who governed the kingdom thirty years, died at 
Airgead-Ross, otherwise Rath-Bheathaidh, or Rath^ 
beagh, on the Nore, in the County of Kilkenny, in 
the 80th year of his age, leaving, besides other child- 
ren, Breasal Bodhiabha, and Conal Claringheach, who 
became monarchs of Ireland ; Conragh, the father of 
the monarch Elim ; the monarch Fatchna Fathach, 
who was the father of Conor, by his wife Neasa; Rosa 
Roe, the father of the celebrated Fergus, by his wife 
Roigh ; and Cionga, the ancestor of the heroic Conal 
Oearnach, from whom are descended the O'Mores, 
Magennises, M'Growans, and several other powerful 
families in Ulster and Connaught. It is from this 
distinguished monarch that the aescendants of Ir, son 
of Milesius, took the name Clanna-Rory or Rudri- 
oians, being the common ancestor of the Irian fami- 
lies of Erinn, of which a full account will be given in 
the following pages. By the Irish writers he is called 
Rughraidhe Mor, which is Anglicised Rory the Great 
and Roderick the Great, and Latinized Rudricus 
Magnus. His name signifies the " red-haired king ; " 
and it may be here observed, that the hair worn by a 
great many of his descendants was of this color : the 
children of Rory, who left issue, were Cionga or 
Gionga, and Rosa Roe, who was the father of Fergus, 
and for distinction sake we shall call the descendants 
of the former the Clan Cionga, and those of the latter 
the Clan Fergus ; of the Clan Cionga were — 



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THE MAGENNISES. 

The MacAengusas or MagenniseSi derive their descent 
and surname from Aenghusa More, son of Eideadha, of the 
Irian race, as appears from the following well-authenticated 
pedigree of Art Boe Magennis, chief of his name, who 
flourished in the early part of the 17th century : — 



1. ArtRoe,bom,circl560,A.D. 


82. Fothaidh, 678. 


2. Hugh, 1530. 


33. Gonal, 546. 


8. Ponal Oge, 1504. 


34. Caolbhaigh, 614. 


4. Donal Mor, 1476. 


35. Groin Badhraoi, 472. 


5. Hugh, 1446. 


36. Eachach aquo Iveagh, 440. 


6. Airt, 1400. 


37. Lughaidh, 408. 


7. Hugh, 1362. 


38. Bossa, 366. 


8. Airt na Madhman, 1328. 


39 Imchadha, 334. 


9. Mnrtogh Biaganach, 1300. 


40. Felun, 802. 


10. Eachmilidh, 1272. 


41. Oais, 260. 


11. Roiy, 1240. 


42. Fiacha Aruidhe, 228. 


12. Gilla Columb, 1208. 


43. Angus Gaibhneoin, 197. 


18. Dublmsi, 1176. 


44. Fergus Gaileng, 166. 


14. Hugh the Fat, 1144. 


45. Tiobruidhe Tireacb, 135. 


16. Flaherty, 1112. 


46. Breasal Breae, 104. 


16. EachmiUdb, 1080. 


47. Oirb Mael, 73. 


17. Awgue, 1048. 


48. Bocraidh, 42. 


18. Hugh, 1016. 


49. Cathbuadh, 11 A.D. 


19. EachmidhH, 984. 


50. GiaUacha, 3720 A.M. 


20. Aongus Oig, 952. 


51. Dunchadha, 3689. 


21. Aongus More aquo,M.G. 920 


. 62. Fionchadba, 3658. 


22. Eideadha, 888. 


53. Muireadbach, 3627. 


23. L^ghnein, 856. 


54. Fiacba, 3596. 


24. Blathmbach, 824. 


55, Iriel Glunmbear, 3565. 


26. Donal, 792. 


56. Oonal Ceamacb, 3534. 


26. Conor, 760. 


57. Amergin, 3503. 


27. Breasail Baldearg, 738. 


58. Cais 3472. 


28. Aodhain, 706. 


59. Facbtna, 3444, 


29. Mongau, 674. 


60. Cathbath, 3416. 


30. Saran, 642. 


61. CioDga, 3389. 


31. Maine, 610. 


62. Boderick the Great, 3352. 



The Magennises were the senior family of the illustrious 
Irian or Budrician race ; and they Were formerly possessed 
of the extensive territory of Ibh-Eachach Xllladh, or 
Iveagh of Ulidia, now forming and giving name to the 
baronies of Upper and Lower Iveagh, in the present County 
of Down ; also of Leath Cathail, now the barony of 



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Lecale, and of a large portion of Mudhorna or Moume, 
in the same county. The Magennises had castles at Bath- 
firiland, Cabra, in the parish of Glonduff, and barony of 
Upper lyeagh^ the site of which is marked by the seat of 
die MacMulIens ; Newcastle, in the parish of Eillcoo, 
barony of Upper Iveagh; at Seafin, in tne parish of Dram« 
ballyroney, in the same barony. The following mention 
is made of this family in the topographical poem of John 
O'Dugan of Hy Many :— 

Chief of the noble Clan Hngb, 

Is the great and hospitable Magennis ; 

They settled on the fertile hill, 

And took possession of the entire of Ulidia. 

A Table of the " Magmnise^* or Chiefe of Iveagh. 

Donal, died A.D. 956 Bory Fitz Art, slain 1400 

Magennis, slain 1094 Cathbar Fitz Art, fl. 1400 

Hngh, slain 1173 Hngh, killed 1407 

Dubhinsi, slain 1208 Hugh Fitz Art, fl. 1418 

Gilla Colnmb Art, fl. 1462 

Rory, fl. 1259 ^ Hugh, fl. 1493 

Eachmilidh, fl. 1300 Donal Fitz Hugh, died, 1520 
Murtogh, Riaganach, killed 1349 Felim Fitz Hugh, died 1520 

Giolla Hiabbach fl. 1350 Edmond Buidhe, fl. 1520 

Art, murdered 1360 Donal More, fl. 1540 

Fitz Murtogh, died 1372 Donal Oge, fl.l560 

Art na Madhman Hugh Fitz Donal, fl. 1585 

Murtogh Mor, fl. 1390 Hugh Fitz Hugh, died 1595 
Murtogh Oge, murdered 1399 Donal Fitz Hugh, fl. 1 608 

IRstorieal Notices. 

A.D. 1172.— Maolmnire M'Murrogh, chief ofMunter 
Beime, was slain by Hugh Magennis, at the head of ^e 
Clan Hugh of Ulidia. This Hugh plundered the Trian 
More, or great trilhing of Armagh, in the year following, 
and he was slain in three months afterwarcfs by one of his 
own people. 

A.D. 1380.— Art Magennis, lord of Iveaffh, defeated the 
English of Ulidia, and their allies, the peo^e of Orior, and 
slew 0*Hanlon, lord of Orior, together with a great ntimber 
of the Galls or foreigners, as the English were then called 
by the Milesian Irish ; but he was taken prisoner soon after 
by Edmond Mortimer, earl of March, oy whom he was 



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cast into prison where he died, A.D. 1383. lliiB Art 
Magennis was probably Art na Madhman, son of Mnrtogh 
Biaganach^ who is said to haTe 4ied in confinement in the 
castle of Trim, county of Meathi in the year above named, 
A.D. 1418. — The territory of Iveagfa, was plundered by 
the English under Lord Fumiyal ; but they were pursued 
by Hugh, son of Art Magennis, who overtook, attacked, 
and defeated them with great slaughter, and returned home 
with the plundered property. 

A.D. 1493. — Locale and Ivea^h were plundered by 
O'Donnell, who was pursued by Hugh Magennis and by 
Henry Oge O'Neill as far as Ben-Boirehe, where a bloody 
battle was fought in which (yDonnell was victorious. 

A.D. 1526. — Eoghan Magennis was prebendary of 
Aghaderg, in the diocese of Dromore. 
A.D.1550— Arthur Magennis was bishop of Dromore. 
A.D. 1585.— Hugh, son of Donal Oge, son of Donal 
More Magennis, lord of Iveagh, attended the memorable 
parliament convened in Dublin by Sir John Perrott His 
Kinsman, Heber, son of Bory Magennis, made a formal 
surrender of his estates to the commissioners of Elizabeth, 
and obtained a re-grant of the lands forming the parish of 
Dromaragh, in the baronies of Kilenarty and Lower Iveagh, 
but this estate was forfeited during the disturbances of 
1641, and it was subsemienlly granted by the ungrateful 
Charles II to Colonel Hill of Hillsborough. 

A.D. 1600.— Eoghan or Eugene Magennis, bishop of 
Down and Connor, an appointment of Pope Paul III, died ; 
he was the last bishop of this see before the Reformation. 

A.D. 1595. — Hugn Magennis, son of Hugh, son of 
Donal Oge, died ; he was the last notable representative of 
the chiefs ofHy Eachach, and the last independent Magennis* 
Several members of this family held commissions in the 
army of James II, and distinguished themselves at the 
Boyne and at Aughrim, and afterwards shared the hard 
fortunes of the Irish Brigade; some of them were colonels 
and Chefe de Battailon in the service of France, and three of 
them became knights of St. Louis. Of this sept was Colo- 
nel Bernard Magennis, who was killed at the battle of Spire 
in the month of November, 1703. 

2 



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18 

The unhappy Dr. Magennis,^ who was committed for 
the murder of Mr. Har^, in Jan. 1783, was a senior re- 
presentative of this family. Benjamin Lee QuinnesSi Esq., 
IS one of the representatives of this ancient and once power* 
ful sept, bat his pedigree is not yet satisfactorily traced. 

Arms — ^Two boars combatant. Crest — A boar passant 
ppr. 

Motto— Sola salus servire Deo. 

THE O'MORES (Clan Cionga). 

The (yMordhas or O'Mores or Moores, as the name is 
now generally Anglicised, are a family of the Clanna Rory, 
deriving the descent and surname from Mordha, son of 
Kenny, of the race of Roderick the Great, as appears from 
the following pedigree of James O'More, of Ballyna, the 
father of the Lady Letitia O'More, who married Richard 
O'Ferrall, grand father of the present Right Hon. Richard 
More OTerrall of Ballyna. 



James O'Mgre 


14. Borv 


Lewis 


15. MelaghHn 


Anthony 


16. David 


Col. Lewis 


17. Lomgscidh 


Charles 


18. Am^gin 


Rory Caoch 


19. Felan 


Conal 


20. Amergin 


MelaghHn 


21. Kenny 


Anthony 


22. Kearmaeh 


« 


23. Mordha a quo O'More 


♦ 


24. Kenny 


« 


25. Kearney 


« 


26. Cinedig 


3. Rory Oig 


27. Gaoithin 



* Of this unfortunate gentleman the following story is told. — Happen- 
ing, when a youth, to pass through Brogheda, he exceeded his usual 
temperance ; the next morning on inquiring for his horse he was told 
that he was impounded by the Mayor for trespass, on which he immedi- 
ately waited upon that official, who refused to part with the horse with- 
out his paying a guinea, on which he repeated the following yerse in the 
hearing of his worship : 

Was ever horse so well befitted ? 
His master drunk, himself committed. 
But courage, horse, do not despair, 
Youll be a horse when he's no Mayor. 
The animal was immediately ordered him. 



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28. Kennj 

29. Oathal 
80; Beraig 

81. MesgiU 

82. Mnlathin 

83. Beraig 

84. Bacain 
35, Angnsa 
86. Naoflir 

37. Barr 

38. Sarbhalia 
89. Cairtbhe 

40. Connac 

41. Lnghna 



42 Eoghan 

43. Ere 

44. Balcanart 

45. Lnghaidh Loingseacb 

46. Lewy Laoisagh 

47. Laosagh Oeanmoro 

48. Gonal Ceamach 

49. Amcrgin 

50. Cais 

51. Fachtna 

52. Cathbhadh 

53. Gionga 

54. Roderick tbe Great 



Frequent mention is made of this illustious family by the 
Irish Annalists, and by the learned topographer Giolla 
Na Neev O'Heerin they are designated. 

'< The warlike chiefs 
Whose golden shields bore bat one color." 

In A.D. 1016 Geathin O'More, a distinguished chieftain 
of Leiz, was slain. In A.D. 1017 Ceamach O'More, lord 
of Leix, was killed. A.D. 1026 Amergin O'More, lord of 
Leix, was slain. In A.D. 1152 the wife of Laosach O'More^ 
lord of Leix and of the Comans of Meath, died. In 1171 
Peter O'More, bishop of Clonfert, was drowned in the river 
Shannon (on the 27th December). In 1183 the abbey of 
Stradbally in the Queen's Co., was founded by Corchegair 
O'More, lord of Leix, for Franciscan friars. This religioQB 
house was granted in 1572, with all the appurtenances, to 
Francis Cosby of Stradbally, at the yearly rent of £17 6s 8d, 
and to furnish nine horsemen to the deputy in time of war, 
which grant was confirmed to his grandson Eicht^d, son of 
Alexander, and son-in-law of Adam Loftus, Archbishop of 
Dublin, by James I. The above Corchegair also founded 
the abbey of Abbeyleix for Cistercian friars in or about 
A.D. 1184, and selected a burial place for himself within 
the walls ; it was granted with all the possessions to Thomas 
Butler, Earl of Onpond, and is now the property of Lord 
de Vesci, in whose garden, adioining the ruins, may be 
seen the inscribed tomb of Melaffhlin or Malachy O'ltlore, 
In A.D. 1219 Dionysius O'More, oishop of Elphin, resigned 
his sacred charge, and took up his abode with the religious 
of Trinity Island on Lough Key, where he died on the I5tb 



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December, 1231. In 1358 O'More^ lord of Leix, gained a 
complete victory over the English of the Pale, and left 240 
of their bravest soldiers lifeless on the battle field. A.D. 
1370 Mnrtogh O'More having made a predatory excursion 
to the Englisli Pale, was slain by a party of soldiers at Naas. 
In A.D. 1377 Fachtna, son of David O'More, died. In 
A.D. 1404 Gilpatrick O'More, lord of Leix, gave the Eng- 
lish of the Pale a complete overthrow at the battle of Atha- 
Dubh, or the Black Ford. A.D. 1416, Sir John Talbot, 
lord Fumival, plundered the country of O'More, and took 
the castle of the son of Fachtna, son of David O'More, 
one of the bravest chiefs of Leinster in his time. In 1424 
Dorothy, the daughter of Anthony O'More, lord of Leix, 
married Thomas Fitzgersdd, 7 th Earlof Kildare, and received 
the manors of Woodstock and Bheban as a dower. In A.D. 
1448 the monastery of Abbeyleix was^ repaired and en- 
larged by the O'Mores, and Cedach, lord of Leix, selected 
a burisd place for himself and his descendants in it. In 
1468 the O'More, lord of Leix, died of the plague. In 
A.D. 1477 the son of Anthony O'More, lord of Leix, was 
slain, near Maryboro', by the Butlers and O'Conors Faly. 
In 1488 the monastery of Oluaincaoine, or the retreat of 
moraming, was founded by Conal, son of David O'More, 
and in tm year following, the brother of this Conal, namely 
Eory, son of David, tanist of Leix. died, and his kinsman, 
Ross, son of Anthony, was killed by Oahir O'Dempsey. 
In 1546 Gilpatrick CrMore, lord of Leix, ravaged thefeig- 
lish Pale as far as Sallins, and burned and laid waste the 
whole country around Athy, and plundered the English of 
^ane and BaUle Baodain or Bodenstown, but the Lord Jus- 
tice (St. Le^r) and the Earl of Desmond marched their 
fOTces into Offaly, and compelled O'More to evacuate that 
territory ; St. lleger then led his forces into Leix, and took 
O'More'fl castle of Ballyadams ; proclaimed him an outlaw, 
ofiering a large amount for his head, and seized his iexten- 
sive estates for the king. Gilpatrick died in England of a 
Iwoken heart in 1548. In A.D. 1567 Conal Oge O'More 
was taken prisoner by the Lord Justice, and executed on 
Leighlin Bridge, in the County of Carlow, his kinsman 
and ally Don«d Fitz-Lysagh,lord of Sliabh Margy, abarony in 
the present Queen's Go. shared the same fate soon after. A 
dreadftil war now broke out between the English and the 
Irish of Offally, Leix, Fercall, and Ely, and a parliam^it 
was convened in Dublin in the month of June, by which an 



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act was passed empowering the Lord Jostice to form the 
above named principalities into Shireground and mat 
them to persons in the English interest. In 1576 Kory 
Oge, son of Rorj^ son of Conali lord of Leix, collected hie 
forces, and committed many depredations on the English of 
the Pale. This distinguishea chieftain was mortally 
wonnded in an engagement with the Fitzpatricks who had 
joined the English, and died of his wounds on the SOth of 
June. His son the valiant Owny M'Bory, defeated the 
English in several engagements, and out-generalled the 
Earl of Essex at the Pass of Plumes in 1599. His descen- 
dant, the famous Bory of song and story^ was at the head 
of the insurrectionists of 1641, and with Sir Phelim O'Nefll, 
Conor, Lord Magure, M'Mahon, Philip O'Beilly, and oUier 
noblemen, planned the taking of the castle of Dublin, and 
fixed the 28rd of October 1641, for the execution of their 
designs ; the plot, however, was betrayed by one Owen 
Connolly, who subsequently conformed to the Established 
Church, and obtained extensive possessions from the Lord 
Justice in consideration of the services which he rendered 
to the government by his betrayal of the ccmfederate chiefs. 
Maguire and MacMahon were taken prisoners, sent to 
En^and in irons, tried for high treason, found guilty, and 
hanged at Tyburn ; O'More was obliged to bury Mmself 
for some time in the woods of Ballyna ; and several of the 
princip^ leaders of the insurrection sou^t safety in exile. 
The valiant Bory died soon after at Ballyna, and the insur- 
rection which he planned and organised was crushed through 
the incapacity of the leaders, and the disunion and petty 
jeidousies which sprung up among them. The power of 
the O'Mores was completely broken after the death of Bory, 
for although Colonel Lewis O'More, of the Catholic Con- 
federation, who assumed the leadership of the 8epi, was a 
person of talent and patriotism, he wanted^he means to pre- 
serve in the forces of Leir thehigh state of efficiency to which ^ 
they had been brought by his distinguished kinsman, and' 
they were therefore found unable to cope with the well- 
disciplined armies opposed to thembv the Lords Justices. 

The ancient principality of Laoghas or Leix derived its 
name from Lughaidh Laioghas, son of Laosach Ceanmore, 
son of Conall Ceamach, to whom it was granted by 
Cuchorb, king of Lagenia, as a reward for his military ser- 
vices at the battle of Magh-Biada^ or the plaui of Biada, 
now known as the *' Heath," near Maryboro', where he 



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defeated the forces of Mtmster with great slaughter, and 
felew the bravest of their chiefs. This ancient territory 
comprised the whole country, forming the new baronies of 
Maryboro', east and west, Stradbally, and CuUenagh, to- 
gether with a large portion of that of Upper Ossory. It 
Was granted to yarious English and Scotch settlers during 
the reigns of Elizabeth and James I., and the original pro- 
trietors were driven into the counties qf Eoscommon, 
Galway, Mayo, Limerick, Tipperary, and Waterford, in 
which counties their descendants are to be met with at the 
present day. Of the English families which became pos- 
sessed of Lands in Leix, temp. Elizabeth, were the Cosbys 
of Stradbally, descended from the MacCrossanes of Leil, 
from which the O'Mores chose their bards and rhymers. 
The head of this family in the third quarter of the 16th 
century was captain Cosby, governor of Leix, who was a 
principal in the affair of MuUaghmast, in 1577, 19th of 
Elizabeth, where 899 members of the principal families of 
Leix and Offaly, including 180 gentlemen of the O'Mored 
who were invited to a conference by the English of North 
Leinster, were inhumanly butchered. 

A Table of the ** 0* Mores'^ Princes of Leix. 

Geathin, slain 1016 Gillpatrick, fl. 1404 

Ceai-nagh, killed 1017 Anthony, fl. 1424 

Amergin, slain 1026 Cedach, died 1448 

Felan, fl. 1041 David, died 1468 

Cncograidhe, fl. 1042 Conal Fitz David, slain 1493 

Laosach, slain 1063 Nial Fitz Donal, fl. 1493 

Oinaeth, slain 1091 Cedach Fitz Lysach, ob. 1523 

Amergin, died 1097 Gillpatrick, died 1648. 

O'More, killed 1099 Oonaloge, fl. 1556 

Laosach, died 1149 Boryoge, slain 1576 

Nial, fl. 1 153 Eoghan, fl. 1599 

Oorchegar, fl. 1183 Rory,fl. 1641 

Donal, slain 1196 Lewis, fl. 1646 

Kory, fl. 1354 

David, fl. 1370 Arms — Three garbs or. Crest-An 

Manrice Boy, died 1398 arm in armour grasping a dagger. 

THE O^CRONNULLTS (Clan Cionga). 

The Ultonian and Conacian families of this name derive 
their descent and surname from CronghiUa, son of Oullenan, 
lord of the Oonaille of Magh Muirtheimhne, in the county 



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of Louth, and they are to be distingaished from the 

O'Cronghillas of Munster, descendants of 
Maothagan, son of Laogbaire, son of 

Lonsigb, son of Gnomhthain, son of 

Dongal, son of Eochy More, son of 

Flanlaol, son/ of Core M'Lagbaidh, 

According to the learned Cathan O'Doinin, in his poem 
on the inauguration of Tadg O'Donoghue, lord of Lough 
Lene, or Killamey. 

The Ultonian O'Cronnellys were princes of the Conaille 
Murtheimhne, a large division of the province of Ulster, 
comprising nearly the whole of the present county of Louth, 
together with large portions of the adjoining counties of 
Armagh and Monaghan, deriving its name from the cele* 
brated Irian chieftain Conall Ceamach or Conall the vic- 
torious, one of the bravest warriors of the Bed branch of 
Emania, from whom the family under notice derive their 
descent, according to the following pedigree of the repre- 
sensative of the Conaille :— 

80. Conal(33M*Geni3'spedigree)l02. Gillachriost, 1200 

81. Cu.UUadh, bom 576 103. Eoghan 1230 

82. Gas, 606 104. Cathal, 1260 

83. Gu-Sleibhe, 636 104. EoghanMore, 1290 

84. Gonal, 666 105. Eoghan og, 1320 

85. Fergus, 698 106. Biyan, 1350 

86. Breasail, 726 107. Cosgniadh, 1380 

87. Ginaeth, 752 108. Eoghan, 1408 

88. Nial, 780 109. John the Prior, 1439 

89. Baan,810 110. Gillachreest. 1468 

90. Oulenain,840 111. Donal, 1500 

91. Cronghilla, 870, ob, 935 112. Tadg, 1533 

92. Ginaeth, 900, ob. 965 118. Bichard, 1561 

93. Matndan, 930, ob. 995 114. Donal Boidhe, 1592 

94. GronghiUa, 960 115. Donal, 1628 

95. Boiy, 990 116. Tadg, 1652 

96. AngusUath, 1020 117. Tadg, 1681 

97. ConaU, 1050 118. Biocaird, 1710 

98. Bryan Eoe, 1080 119. Tadg, 1741 

99. GiHananeev, 1110 120. Biocard, 1773 

100. Gu-UUadh, 1140 121. Tadg, 1804, stiU living 

101. Ginaeth, 1170 122. Bichard, 1833, stiU Uving 

At the period of the Anglo-Norman invasion the lordship 
of the O'Gronnellys was comprised in the district denomi- 
nated Conaille-Cuailgne, signifying the Conalians of Gooley, 
which embraced jJl the lands which lay between the river 



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34 

Glyde and the Newry river, hounded on the north-east hy 
a line drawn from Carrickmacross to Newry by Cros- 
inaglen, CuUyhanna, and Sliabh Gullion. Crich Cuailgne, 
which was the more ancient name of this territory, derives 
its name from Cnailgne, son of Breogain, who was slain by 
the Danani at the base of a mountain in this territory, 
called after him Sliabh Cuailgne, and now known as Slieve 
Gullion. This mountain is situate towards the south-east 
of the present county of Armagh, and the cairn or monu- 
mental heap raised over tiie chieftain by his followers may 
be seen on the summit of the hill at the present day. This 
Is also the burial place of Finn M'Cumhal, generalissimo 
of the Irish army m the rei^n of Cormac Mac Art, monarch 
of Ireland. Magh Muirtheimhne, aboye mentioned, derives 
its name from Muirtheimhne, son of Breogan, and uncle to 
Milesius, and comprised in ancient times the level country 
south of the river Glyde, This was also called Machaire 
Conall, or the level land of Conall (Geamaeh), but it is to 
be observed that Conaille Muirtheimhne was much more 
extensive at the period of the Anglo-Norman invasion, the 
Conaille having previously extended their possessions to the 
north-west into Oriel, and south in North Bregia. 

Historical Notices. 

A.D. 985. — ^Oroinghilla, son of Cuilenain, lord of Conaille 
Muirtheimhne, died. 

A.D. 969,— Clnaedh^ son of Croinghilla, king of Conaille 
Muirtheimhne, was slain at Cillmona by Donal O^Neill 
according to the Annals of Ulster. By the Four Masters 
this affair is recorded under A.D. 976. CiUmona, or Kil- 
mony, here mentioned is probably the same with Kilmony, 
near Bath-Hugh-MacBrie, which gives name to a parish 
in the barony of Moycashel, county of Westmeath. . 

A.D. 988.-*-G]Uadbreest,^ the grandson of Guileanaln^ was 
slain in a battle fought between his own people and the men 
of Oriel. 

A.D. 989.-— Conghalach, son of CroinghiHa, son of Cuile- 
nain, lord of ConaUe, and Ciarcelle, lord of North Breagh, 
slew each other. 

A.I>. 995. — '* An army by the Conaille and Mughdhoma 
and the north of Breagh to Glean-righ," say the Four 
Miftflters, " but they were overtaken by Hugh, son of Donal, 
lord of Oileach, who gave them battle in which they were 
defeated, a&d the lord of Conaille, i.e., Matudhan O'Orong- 
billft, and two hundred alemg with him were slain." The 



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as 

Annals of Ulster are manifestly in error in calling the above 
Matudhan Mac or " son" of Croinghilla; instead of Ua or 
" O/' as given by the Four Masters. This Matudhan was, 
in aJl probability, the brother of Cu-Cualgne, who, with 
his sons Maolmuire and Bryan, is mentioned by tixe An* 
nalists under A.D. 1018, the year in which the battle of 
Clontarf was fought, according to the chronology of the 
Four Masters. The name Cu-chualgne signifies the cham- 
pion of Cualgne or Cooley, literally the '* hound of Gualgne,^ 
allusive perhaps of his speed in uie chase, or of his valour 
in the battle-field. The word Cu is sometimes made to i 
nify an ambassador, aud is prefixed with that sii 
cation to the Irish names of the several provinces of £ 
viz., Cu-Chonnaght, Cu-UUadh, .Gu-Midhe, Gu-Mumban) 
Gu-Laighen, &c. 

That the O'Gronnellys sank into obscurity at an early 
period of Irish history appears from the fact of their not 
having been mentioned by the Annalists since the period of 
the Anglo-Norman invasion, and of the O'Garrolls, princes 
of Famey, having extended their conquests to the bay <tf 
Dundalk, a few years previous to that event. The O'Gron* 
nellys heeame subordinate to O'Garroll, from whose grasp 
they were fast escaping when the vain-glorious DeGourcy, 
in his march through Ulidia in 1177, gave a deadly blow 
to their growing power, which left them ever afterwards 
unable to take their place among the princely families of 
Ultonia. 

Upon the defeat of the Ultonians in 1177, one of the chiefs 
of the family under notice was given as an hostage for the 
future fealty of the Conaille to DeCourcy, by whom he was 
sent to England, where he became the ancestor of the Granley s 
of Granley, one of whom, a Ganndite friar, was elected 
Archbishop of Dublin, in 1397, at the instance of Ilichard 
II. This prelate came to Ireland in the following year and 
was appointed Lord Ghancellor by King Ilichard, who sent 
his protege on a mission to the continent, and furnicdied him 
with letters of protection. He died at Farrington, in Eng- 
land^ on the 25th of May, 1417, and was buried with great 
solemnity in the New College, Oxford, wh^e " a fair stone, 
adorned with brass plates, bearing the figure of a Inshop 
clothed in his sacred vestments," was placed over his remains 
to perpetuate his memory. " He was,'" says Marieburgh, 
" liberal and fond of almsdeeds, a profound clerk, and 
doctor of divinity, an excellent preacher, and a great 



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26 

builder and improver of such places as fell under his care. 
He was fair, magnificent, of a sanguine complexion, and 
tall of stature, so that in his time it might be said to him, 
' Thou art fair beyond the children of men, grace is through 
thy lips because of thy eloquence.' " 

The period of the settlement of this family in Galway is 
unknown, but there are reasons for supposing that it took 
place soon after the period of the Invasion. Here a branch 
of the sept became erenachs or managers of the lands and 
revenues of the various churches founded by or dedicated 
to St. Grellan, the patron saint of the race of CoUa da 
Crich, in Hy-Many, and coarbs or successors of the saint 
in several of these churches. The coarbship as well as the 
crozier of St. Grellan came into the family ot O'Cronnelly 
by the marriage of one of its members with the only 
daughter and heiress of the last of a long line of Erenachs 
of the Church of St. Grellan at Cill-Cluane or Killclony, 
in the parish of that name, barony of Clonmac-noon, and 
county of Galway, vestiges of which remain. Figures of 
the crozier of St. Grellan were borne on the standards of the 
princes of Hy-Many as we are informed in the Book of 
Lecain. Dr. O'Donovan has the following notice of this 
relic and its possessors in a note to the " Tribes and Customs 
of Hy-Many," a tract on the Book of Lecain, published for 
the Irish Archaeological Society in 1843, with a translation 
and copious annotations by the learned doctor. **This 
crozier was preserved for ages in the family of O'Cronghaile 
or O'Cronnelly, who were the ancient Comorbas of the 
saint. It was in existence so late as 1836, it being then in 
the possession of a poor man named John Cronelly, the 
senior representative of the Comorbas of the saint, who 
lived near Ahascra, in the east of the county of Galway ; 
but it is not to be found now in that country. It was pro- 
bably 'sold to some collector of antiquities, and is not now 
known." We believe that one of the rings belonging to 
this relic has been lately discovered, and that it is now in 
the possession of a gentleman in Dublin. 

The head of the Galway branch of this family in the 
second quarter of the 17th century was Daniel O'Cronnelly, 
commonly called Donal Buidhe, or the yellow, who was an 
officer in the army of Charles I. He was present at the 
battle of Edgehill, October 23rd, 1642, and distinguished 
himself at Marston Moor, where 

■" With traitors contendiDg 

Some heroes enriched with their blood the bleak field." 



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2? 

On the defeat of Charles II. at Worcester in 1651, he 
returned to his ancestral home at Eilleenan, near Bahasane, 
in the county of Qalway, where he died in or about 1659. 
His remains were interred In the now ruined church of 
Eileelyi where an oblong stone slab marks his last resting 
place. 

According to a tradition in the family, the O'Cronellys 
possessed the greater portion of the parish of Eilleenen, 
together with the lands of Lavally, Ballynasteage, and 
Eileely, all in the barony of Dunkellin, and county of 
Galway ; these, however, have long since passed into other 
and various hands, and the lineal descendant of Matudhan, 
prince of Grich Cualgne, and of Donal of the Moor, holds 
the initiatory grade in the Irish constabulary force. A branch 
of this family were chiefs of a district in the barony of 
Loughrea, and had their residence at Cathaer-Grongmlla, 
now Cahircronelly. 

Arms — Two croziers in saltire. 

O'DUGANS (Clan Cionga). 

The O'Dugans of Hy-many derive their descent and sur- 
name from Dubhagain, a chieftain of Sedan, in the barony 
of Tiaquin, Co. Galwav, of the race ofSoghan Salbhuidhe, 
son of Fiacha Aruidne, prince of Ulidia. This family 
possessed one of the six divisions of Sedan, of which an ac- 
count will be found in the article on the O'Mannions; and 
became hereditary bards and histoiiographers to the 
O'Kellys, princes of Hy-Many, in the Counties of Galway 
and Boscommon. To this family belonged the celebrated 
John More O'Dugan, author of a valuable topographical 
poem on the Irish chiefs of the 14th centurv, and other 
pieces. This industrious writer, who was chief bard and 
historiographer of Hy-Many, died at an advanced age in 
1372, in the abbey of Binndun, or Bandown, now known as 
St. John's, on the Shannon, in the County of Boscommon. 
The O'Dugans were the chief compilers of the valuable 
work known as the Book of Hy-iVlany, otherwise the Book 
of the O^Eellys, which is supposed to be in the possession of 
some English collector of rare books and manuscripts. Of 
the same stock with the O'Dugans were the O'Morans, 
O'Lennans and O'Casans of Sedan, but neither pedigrees 
nor notices of them have been preserved. 

Arms— Quarterly Azure and ermine ; out of the first and 
fourth a griffin's head or. 

Crest — A talbot statant ppr. collared ov. 



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28 

M'GOWAN OE SMITH (Claji Cionga), 

The MacQaibhniong, Anglice M*Gowan and Smith, are 
of the Irian or Budrician race springing from Angus 
Qaibhnion or Gobhain^ son of Fergus Gaileng. See Ma* 
ffennis^s pedigree. 

The MacGowans were formerly chiefs in Dalariada, a 
principality in eastern Ultonia; also of a district in the 
County of Leitrim forming the parish of Rossiaver; and 
several highly respectable families of the name have been 
located in the County of Cavan from a very early period. 
This family gave birth to many eminent ecclesiastics and 
literary men^ and among the latter class may be mentioned 
Tadg Mac-an-Qowan, chief historiographer to the O'Con- 
nors towards the close of the 14th century ; Felan M*an- 
Gowan by whom, assisted by the O'Dugans of East Galwav, 
was compiled the *' Book of the O'Kellys/' commonly 
called the " Book of Hy-Manv ;" and the no less distin- 
guished ecclesiastical writer, Angus Ceile De M'anGowan, 
author of " Lives of the Irish Saints,*' and other tracts, who 
lived in the third quarter of the eighth century, and of whom 
the following pedigree is preserved. 



1. Angns the Caldee 


7. Angnsa 


2. Oibhlein 


8. Nadslnadh 


3. Fidhmidh 


9. Caelbhnidh 


4 Diarmada 


10. Cmin Badhraoi 


5. Ainmearach 


11. Eacha 


6. CoOair 


12. Lewy, see M'Gennis's pedigree 



The following notices of this family are collected from 
the Annals of the Four Masters and various other 
sources : — 

A.D. 1061.— Mulbride M^aoOowan, a learned historian, 
died. A.D. 1341 Murtagh M'anGowan, abbot of Clogher, 
died. A.D. 1364 Gilla-na-neev M'anGowan, a learned 
historian, died. A.D. 1423, Felan M'anGowan, a learned 
historian, died. A.D. 1425, Thomas, son of GioUa na 
neev MacGowan, called also Magrath MacGowan, and 
Magrath na Sgel, i.e. of the stories, a very learned historian 
and historiographer to the O'Loghlens of Corcumroe, died ; 
and in the year following is recorded the death of Cian, 
son of Giolla Dilbhe MacGowan, a man learned in history 
(Seanachas) and the keeper of a Biatach or house of hospi- 
tality. A.D. 1489 Mahon, son of Torlogh M'anGowan, 



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29 

died. A.D. 1492, O'Gowan of Cayan, chief of his Sept, 
died whilst in pursuit of the 0*Beillys, by whom great 
depredations were committed on his people. The repre- 
sentatiye of a senior branch of this ancient family is Jamea 
Huband Smith, Esq. MA.; M.B.I.A., Dublin. 

Arms — Argent alien rampant gules between two cinque 
foils vert. Crest-^a talbot passant 

Mac WAJtD (Clan Cionga). 

The Mac anBhairds or M'Wards as the name is now 
Anglicised, are of the Irian or Rudrician race, deriving their 
descent irom Sodan Salbhuidhe, son of Fiacha Aruidhe, 
a quo Dal- Aruidhe in Ultonia, of the race of Conal Cear- 
nach ; and their surname &om the office of chief bard en- 
joyed by a remote ancestor. The M* Wards were heredi- 
tary chief bards and ollamhs in poetry and minstrelsy to 
the O'Donnells, princes of Tirconal, and the O'Kellys, lords 
of Hy-Many, in Galway and Roscommon. The Tircon- 
nelian family gave name to Ballymacward, in the County 
of Donegal, and the Hy-Manian branch to a town of the 
same name in the County of Galway which became the 
principal residence of the chiefs of the sept The following 
notices of this family are collected irom the ^* Four Mas- 
ters" O'Reilly's *' Irish Writers," and various other 
sources * 

A.D. il73.~Mile8ius M'Ward, bishop of dwifert, died. 

A.D. 1408.— M* Ward of Cuil-an-urtain or Coolurtan, in 
Hy-Many, died. 

A.D. 1461. — ^Thomas, son of Evastine or Augustine 
M'Ward, died. 

A.D. 1478.— Qeofirey M'Ward died of the plague. 

A.D. 1495.— Hugh M'Ward of Tirconal died of the 

' gue. 
LD. 1507.— GOpatrick, son of Hugh M'Ward of Oriel, 
and his kinsman, Tuathal Boy, son of Adam Garbh 
M'Ward, were slain by the O'Connollys. 

A.D. 1509.— Dermod, son of Flan M'Ward, died, and 
in the year following Owen Roe M'Ward of Tirconal, 
ollamh in poetry to O'Donnell, died at Inis Mac An Duim, 
in Donegal. 

A.D. 1541.— On the 20th of December, Owen Roe 
M'Ward, son of Fergal, ollav in poetry to O'Donnell, pre- 
sident of the schools of Tirconal, and the keeper of a house 
of hospitality, died. 



"K 



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30 

A.D. 1550. — Fergal, son of Donal Roe Mac Ward, a 
learned poet and the keeper of a house of hospitality died. 

A.D, 1572.-r-Owen Roe, son of Fergal, son of Donal 
Roe M*Ward, was hanged by Conor, son of Donogh 
O'Brien, Earl of Thomond. This Owen, say the Four 
Masters, was learned in history andpoetry. 

A.D. 1576.— William. Oge M'Ward, son of Cormac, 
oUamh in poetry to O'Donnell, ''a very learned man," 
died at Dromore on the 22nd February. In 1609 Eoghan, 
son of Geoffrey, son of Eoghan, son ojf Geoffrey M'Ward, 
ollav in poetry to O'Donnell, died at an advanced age. 
He was the author of a beautiful elegiac poem on the death 
of the Tirconnelian andTironian princes who died at Rome 
in 1608, namely, Rory Fitz-Hugh, Earl of Tirconal, and 
his brother Cathbar O'Donnell, and Hugh Fitz Hugh 
O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone. The poem which commences 
thus : — 

" Woman of the piercing wail,'' 

is addressed to the lady Nualla, the sister of Rory, 
who is represented as weeping alone over the tomb of her 
brother and their illustrious friend, the prince of Tyrone. 
In 1635 died the learned Hugh Ward, a native of Donegal. 
This distinguished writer completed his studies at Salam- 
anca, entered the Irish College at Louvain, where, whilst 
lecturer in divinity and professor of ecclesiastical history, 
he wrote the life of St. Eonaldus, bishop of Mechlin. 
The Netherlands found him a grave. 

M'SCANLAN (Clan Cignga). 

The M*Scanlans deduce their descent from Conal Cear- 
mach, of the Irian line, and are to be distinguished from 
the O'Scanlans who are a different sept. The M'Scanlans 
were a family of note in Ulidia or Down, the country of 
their correlatives, the Magennisses from time immemorial, 
and subordinate chiefs in Machaire Chonail, or the great 
plain of Louth, from the period of the Anglo-Norman In* 
vasion to the close of the l5th century. 

O'KENNY (Clan Cionga). 

The O'Cionaoiths or O'Kennys of Ultonia are of the Jrian 
or Rudrician race, and formerly held extensive possessions 
in Meath and Ulidia. In A.D. 938 Carbry O'Kenny, chief 



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31. 

of UiSeadhachta, in Ulidia^ died. In A.D. 1059, Eochaidh 
O'Kenny, manager of the revenues of the Church lands of 
Ath Truim or Trim, in Meath, died; and in A.D. 1100 ia 
recorded the death of Flan O'Kenny, his kinsman and sue- 
cessor. In A.D. 1103 O'Kenny, a learned lector of Der- 
magh or Durrow in Ossory, died, and in 1127 Midbride 
O'Kenny, erenach of 'Ardtrea, in the county of Tyrone* 
This Mulbride was a member of the Ultonian family who 
were chiefs of Magh Ith as we are informed by O'Dugan, 
from whose topographical poem we extract the following : 

Of the noble chiefs who rule the Ithian plain — 
Whose princely gifts support each holy fane- 
Are brave O'Quin and Eennj yaliant son. 

These O'Kennys are to be distinguished from the 
O'Kennys of Qalway and Roscommon, who are of a totally 
different race, and of whom an account will be found in our 
"History of the Clan CoUa." 

O'LAWLOR (Clan Cionga). 

The O'Leathlobhars or O'Lawlors descend from the cele- 
brated Coiial Gearnach, or Conal the victorious, of the 
race of Ir, son of Milesius. The O'Lawlors were formerly 
princes of Ulidia, or the country forming the now county 
of Down, and by Seaghan Mor O'Dugan, who wrote in 
the 14th century, they are styled one of the chief families 
of the Creeve Roe,* or military order of the Red Branch of 

• The Craobh Ruadh op •* Red Branch** was an order of knighthood 
instituted in UUter soon after the founding of the palace of Emania, and 
the persons admittted into the order were caUed Curaidhe Na Craobh 
Ruadh or '* warriors of the Red Branch.'* It is supposed by some that 
they were so called from bearing devices of red branches in their bratht 
or ** banners," but it is far more reasonable to suppose that the term 
Craobh Ruadh had its origin in the color of the spear handles used by 
those celebrated champions, as we know that the term Craobh was 
applied indiscriminately to straight pieces of wood used for warlike 
purposes, and it would appear from certain passages in the Book of 
Lecain that Cathachs or battlers, borne in the van of an army, and even 
croziers, were so-called. Another reasonable supposition is, that the 
warriors of the Red Branch who were of the Irian race, had the title of 
their order from the color of their hair. It is a well known fact that 
nearly all the Ultonian kings of the race of Ir were red-haired ; Hugh 
Roe, who was drowned at Ballyshannon ; lilacha Mongruadh, who laid 
the foundation of " Emania the Splendid," and of the establishmenta 
known as Teach na Craobh Ruadh, i.e., the ** House of the Red Branch,'* 
and the Craobh Dearg, or armoury of the knights of this illustrious 
order ;^ Rudhraighe, i.e., the red-haired king, the common ancestor of 
the Clanna-Rory or Irians ; Conor M*Nea8a, king of Ulster, president of 



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8S 

£mania; at Annagh. That the O'Lawlors were a family 
of note in Ultonia in the 9th and 10th centuries would ap- 
pear from the following notices collected from the Irish 
Annals ; — 

A.D. 904.— Bee O'Lawlor, lord of Dal-Araidhe, died. 

A.D. 912.— Flathniadh, or Flatruadh O'Lawlor, was 
slain in a domestic fend. 

A.D. 930. — Loingseach O'Lawlor, king of Ulidia, died. 

A.D. 1080. — Donn O'Lawlor, lord of Fearnmagh, was 
killed in a domestic feud. 

A branch of the Ulidian family removed into Leix, the 
country of their correlatives the 0*Mores, in the Queen's 
County, in very early times, and these became possessed 
of considerable landed property, which they held down to 
the breaking out of the rebellion of 1641. There are several 
respectable families of the O'Lawlors in Tipperary, Queen's 
County, and Kildare, at the present day, and one of its 
chief representatives is Denis Shine Lawler, Esq., J. P. 
Kerry. 

OXYNCH (Clan Cionga). 

The O'Lynches of Ultonia are a family of the Dal- 
Araidhe of Ulidia, springinff from Fiacha Araidhe of the 
race of Conal Cearmach, and are designated by O'Dugan. 

'< The CLoingsidhs of the haughty champions.'^ 

These O'Lynches are to be distinguished from the 
O'Lynches of Mayo and Sligo, chiefs of Oorcagh, the 
descendants of Fiachra, son of Eochy-Moyvone, monarch 
of Ireland ; and from the O'Lynches of Owny-Tire, on the 
borders of Tipperary, the descendants of Lynch Fitz Lynch, 
son of Eochi, son of Con, of the race of Core M'Lughaidh, 
according to Cathan O'Duinin, in his valuable poem on the 
inauguration of Tadg O'Donoghue of Lough Lene. 



the order; Bosa Boe, the father of Fergai WBoj; the celebrated 
Cuchollin, the CathuUin of M'Phenon's Ossian ; Celtar of the Conflicts; 
Leary the VaUant ; and Cumnscach, son of Conor ; all more or less con- 
nected with the palatial residence at Emania, and with this famous order 
were red-haired| and hence, perhi^s, the designation Bed Branch or 
Tribe. 



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38 
The " a Lynches;' Chiefo of DaUdraidhe. 

Donogh, slain A.D. 1003. Hugh, died 1130 

Donal, slain, 1065. Donal, slain 1141. 

FitE-LTnch, slain, 1077« Rte-Lynch, slain, 1156» 

Finchas, died 1118. Fitz-Ljnch, 1165. 

Donogh, died 1 L14. Donal, slain 1165, 

O'MANION or MANNION or MANNING 
(Clan Cionga) 

The O'Mainins, or O^Mannions, or Mannings; as the 
name is sometimes Anglicised, deduce their descent from 
Sodhan Salbhuidhe, i.e. of the "yellow heel," sonofPiacha 
Araidhe, a quo Dal-Aruidhe, iu the province of Ulster, 
This Sodhan settled in the country forming the now barony 
of Tiaquin, in the county of Galway, in the third century, 
and gave name to the families and lairds subsequently 
known as the six Sodhans or Soghans, the head chief of 
which was O'Mannion. There is no pedigree of the race 
of Sodhan preserved by the Irish Genealogists, nor can we 
ascertain with any degree of accuracy the exact extent of 
their possessions. The castle of Clohair or Glogher, was 
the principal residence of the head of the family under 
notice until about A.D. 1352, when O'Kelly, lord of Hy- 
Many, dispossessed the then " O'Mainin," who removed to 
Menlagh, in the parish of Eillascobe, which continued to 
be the residence of the chiefs of the sept down to the mid- 
die of the 17th century, when their castle of Menjagh 
O'Mainin was dismantled by the parliamentary army. 
Here they founded a religious establishment of some sort, 
the site of which is marked by the present chapel of Men- 
lagh, or Menla, or Minlow. Very few notices of this 
family are preserved by the annalists. In A.D. 1135, the 
Hy-Many and the O'Mainins were defeated by the Siol- 
Murray. In 1362 the O'M annion was hanged by O'Reillv ; 
and in 1377 O'Mannion chief of Sodhan. was slain in the 
battle fouffht at Roscommon. For interesting notices of 
this family and their possessions in the 16th and 17th 
centuries tne reader is referred to the '* Tribes Bud Customs 
of Hy-Many" a tract of the Book of Leacan, edited for th§ 
Irish ArchfiBological Society by the late Dr. 0'Donovan» 
3 



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84 



MAGINN (Clan Cionga). 

The Maginns derive their descent from Piacba Arnidhe, 
prince of Ultonia, whose descendants through his son Sod- 
han Salhhuldhe, became possessed of the six Bodhans, in 
the county of Gfalway> districts comprehended in the now 
barony of Tiaquin, Hugh Magin of this family became 
abbot of Boyle on the 28th of December, 1171 ; he died 
the following year. Andrew Magin was Archdeacon of 
Dromore ih 1244. Andrew Magin was Erenach of the 
same establishment in 1437^ he died in 1428. Arthur 
Magin was Erenach of Dromore from 1526 to 1529. John 
Magin was canon of the diocese of Dromore from 1442 to 
to 1464. John Magin was canon in 1524. 

Arms — Sable two pales argent, in chief or. 

Crest — A cockatrice displayed vert. 

Mac COLREAVT oe GRAY (Clan Cionga). 

The Mac Giollariabhaghs, or Mac Biabhaghs ad the name 
Is sometimes written, now Anglicised Mad Colreavy, Mac- 
greevy, M'Revy, and Gray, deduce their descent and 
surname from GiollarRiabhach, son of Loingsidh of the 
race of Conal Cedrnach, according to the following pedigree 

f)reserved in the genealogical MSS. of D. M*Firbis, in the 
ibrary of the Royal Irish Academy : 

108. Bichard, son of 
. 107. Anthony, son of 
106. Bichard, son of 
105. Donn, son of 
104. Conor, son of 
103. Tomaltach, son oiT 
102. Boiy, son of 
101. Donal, son of 
100. Bichard 

99. Mahon 

98. Conor 

97. Tomaltach 

96. Donogh 

95. Dermot 

94. Torlogh 

93. Eochaidh 

92. Donogh 

91. Bichard 

90. Morchadh 



89. Mnircheardoig 

88. Mnireadhdadh 

87. Torgne 

86. Donogh 

86. Conor 

84. Bichard 

83. Donal 

82. Bichard 

81. Mahoh 

80. Bichard 

79. GioUa-Riabhach, aqtioM.6. 

78. Loingsigh 

77. Oongealta 

76. Donogh 

75. Eochiddh 

74. Naintain 

73. Brogan 

72. Bearnig 

71. Fiacha 



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70. HonUn 


60. 


69. Nachnddhe 


59. 


68. Glaisne 


58. 


67. GoiUe 


57. 


66. Fergnn 


56. 


65. Dftllan 


66. 


64. Eoghaa 


54. 


63. Fachtoa 


58. 


62. Eochudb 


62. 


61. Maicniadh 


• 51. 



85 

Oairpri 

Gorbmaic 

Meinn 

Meamn 

Forghuile 

Carbry 

Jobhar 

Trial Glnnnher 

Conal Cearnach 

Amergin 

The MColpeayys were formerly possessed of extensive 
lands in the counties of Leitrim and Boscommon, and by 
the Four Masters they are styled princes of Colraighe and 
chiefs of Scedne. Calraighe, op Calry, which is Latinised 
Calrigia^ was an extensive district on the borders of Leitrim 
and Sligo, forming the parishes of Dmmlease and Eillargy, 
in the former, wim the parish of Calry in the latter ; and 
Scedne was a cantred in the ancient territory of Moylnrg, 
now the barony of Boyle, in Roscommon, of which the 
family nnder notice kept possession until about A. D. 1255, 
when they were dispossessed by the Clan Mulrooney, or 
descendants of Mulrooney, son of Tadg, of the White Steeds, 
king of Connaught, now known as the MacDermotts. 
Very few notices of this family are preserved by the annal- 
ists. In A.D. 1105 "The M'Riabhach," son of Nial, lord 
of Calrigia, died. In 1107, Eoghan, son of "The 
M'Eiabhach," was killed. In 1120 " M'Eiabhach/' son of 
Ba^mail, was slain in a domestic feud, and in 1289 Cathal 
M* Kiabhach or Mac Colreavy , chief of Scedne, died. Several 
respectable families of the M'Colreavys are to be met with 
at the present day in the counties of Roscommon, Iieitrim, 
and Longford. 

M'CARTAN (Clan Cionga). 

7he MacArtans derive their descent and surname from 
Artan, son of Artan, son of Faghartagh son of Mongan, 
son of Sarain, of the race of Conal Cearnach, prince of 
ITlidia, of the line of Ir, son of Milesins, as appears by the 
Mhowiog pedigree of ^omas Oge M^Cartan preserved by 
the indoatrious Dudley M'Firbis : — 

1. Thomas Og 5. €^lla Oolnmb 

2. Thomas More 6. Cinaoth 

3. Seaghan 7. Eochaidh 

4. Ponchadha 8. Gilla Golnmb 



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9. Cioaeth 25. Rosa 

10. Raghnall 26. lomchada ' 

11. Searaigh 27. Felim 

12. Eochaidh 28. Cais 

13. Concruadh 29. Fiacha Aruidhe 

1 4. Cruin Nadiach 30. Angus Gaibhneoin 

15. Craobharcan 31. Fergus Galenga 

16. Artan agns M'C. 32. Hobriodhe Tlreach 

17. Artan 33. Breasail Breac 

18. Faghartagh 34. Cirb 

19. Mongan 35. Mai 

20. Sarain 36. Rochraich 

21. Caolbhach 37. Cathbuath 

22. Croin Badhraoi 38. Giallacha 

23. Eachach Vide Magennis's pedigree 

24. Lnghaidh 

The M'CartanB were lords of Iveagh, an ancient territory, 
now a barony in the county of Down, as we are informed 
by the Four Masters ; also of the districts denominated 
Cinel Faghartagh and Dubhthrian, in the same county, the 
former forminff the barony of Kilenartv, and the latter that 
of Dufferin. Uinel F^hartaigh siffnifies " the possessions 
of the descendants of Faghartaigh,^ literally " the race of 
Paffhartaigh/' the ancestor of the family under notice ; and 
Dubhthrian " the dark trithing*' or " division/' and the 
above-named baronies are An^cised forms of these Irish 
names. Cinel Faghartaigh was the tribe name of the 
M'CartaDS, of whom the following mention is made in the 
poem of O'Dugan : 

'( To M'Cartan by charter belongs 

The intelligent Ginel-Faghartaigh ; 

Tbey are heroes who have been liberal to clerics; 

The supporters of hospitality are thej." 

The possessions of the M'Cartans were situate in that 
division of the province of Ulster denominated Quid na 
Craobh Buadk^ or the ^'possessions of the £>ed Branch 
Knights/' The church of St. Finan in the parish of Loughin 
Island, barony of Kilenartv was the burial place of the 
M'Gartans, and near this old religious establishment stood 
the principal residence of the chief of the sept» the site of 
which is now known as Castle Hill. The MacCartans were 
a powerful family in UlidiA down to the reign of Elizabeth, 
wnen Acholy M'Cartan, having joined the Earl of Tyrone 
with 260 horse and some foot, h£ vast estates and those of his 
kinsmen escheated to the crown and were granted to various 



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English and Scotch setflers. Very few notices of this 
family are preserved by the Annalists: in A.D. 1130 
Dabhrailbhe M'Artan^ of the Ginel Faghartaigh, was slain 
in a domestic feud. In A.D. 1242 Donal M'Artan, a canon 
of Kilmore^ died ; and in A.D. 1269 Eachmilidh^ or Acholy, 
M'Artan was slain by O'Hanlon of Orghial, lord of the 
Hy-Niallain. In A.D. 1847 Thomas M'Cartan, lord of 
lyeagh, was hanged by the English of Ulidiai and in 1375 
M'Cartan, chief of Einelarty, was treacherously ninrdered 
by his own kinsmani the son of Oilla— Tronin M^Cartan. 
In A.D. 1453 M'Cartan, ^' chief of his nacion/' was slain 
at the battle of Ardglass^ in the county of Down, fought 
between the O'Neills assisted by the forces of Oriel and 
Ulidia^ and the Sav^s of Down aided bv the English of 
the Pale; and in 1493 Patrick, son of Hugh Boe M'Cartan, 
died. 

Arms— Vert, a lion rampant, or, on a chief argent between 
two dexter hands apamiee, a crescent gules. 

Crest — A tilting spear erect, or, head argent, entwined 
with a serpent vert, head downwards. 

O'CARELON (Clan Cionga). 

The O'Cairbhalains or O'Garelons (sometimes made 

Carleton) deduce their descent and surname from Cairbha- 

lain, an IJltonian chief of the Rudrician race, who in the 

early part of the 11th century distinguished himself in 

several sanguinary engagements at the head of the Clan 

Diarmada of Derry, of wmch he was chief. Clan Dimrmada 

was the tribe name of the descendants of Dermod, an Ulidian 

prince of the Clanna-Rory who settled amonjp; the Cinel- 

Owen, and became possessed of about £2,000 acres in the 

country forming the present barony of Tirkeeran, in the 

county of Derry, which was subsequently formed into tiie 

parish of Glan-Dermod or Glen-Dermod. This family also 

possessed a portion of Magh Ith, or the plain of Itb, son of 

breogan, in the parish of Templemore. They had a castle 

at CuU-Ceraigh or Coolkeragn, the residence of l^e late 

R. Toung Esq., and another at a place called Dounagh, 

but no vestiges of either remain. 

In A.D. 1090 Mulroony OTJarelon, chief of Clan Dermod, 
was slain. In A.D. 1117 Conor O'Carelon, chief of Clan 
Dermod and Magh Ith, was killed in a domestic feudj 
and in 1135 and again in 1138 his son Mulrooney defeated 
the O'Gormleys who made a predatory incursion into Clan- 
Dermod. In 1177 Conor O'Uarelon, chief of his race, was 



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filaiti in an engagement which took j^ace between the Eng« 
lish of Ulster, nndet John DeOonrcy, and the Oinei Eoffhaa 
and Orgiallians ; and in the year following his son, Gondt 
O'Carolan, defeated the Oinel Owen under O'MuMorry, 
their bravest general. In the same year, say the Four 
Masters, Donogh O'Carolan having slain Nial 0'Go!«mley, 
lord of the plain of Ith and of Cinel Euda, did penanee (ot 
the wicked deed he had committed, and made rich offering^ 
to St. Columbkille, the patron saint of the Clan 'Qormly ; 
he endowed the church St. Oolumbkille, at Derry, with ^ 
townland in the parish of Donaghmore, barony of Dua- 
gannon, Co- Tyrone, and presented the Ereniich with a 
golden goblet worth sixty cows. In two years dlerwards> 
however, he slew his brother-in-law, the O'Gortuly, in his 
(Donogh's) house, and in the presence of his wife who was 
O'Qormly's sister. For these misdeeds he was slain in 
1180 by the O'Donnells, who had at this time assumed 
sovereign authority in Tirconal. On the death of Awlave 
O'Murray in 1186, Fogarty O'Carolan was raiaed to the 
archiepiscopal dignity as Archbishop of Armagh. In 1197 
Mulrooney O'Carolan, chief of Clan Dermod, was slain. In 
1203 Flan O'Carolan, bishop of Tyrone, went with several 
of the clergy of the North of Ireland |*to throw dorm a 
monastery •* unlawfully" founded in lona of the Hebrides, 
by one Geallach, chief of the island. In 1215 AonguiB 
O'Carolan, chief of Clan-Dermod, was slain by his own 
kinsman ; and in 1280 Florence or Flan O'Carolan, bishop 
of Tyrone, died, and was succeeded by his kinsman, Ger- 
man O'Carolan, who annexed a portion of the bishoprick of 
Kaphoe, together with the church of Ardstraw to his dio- 
cese. In 1276 GioUa an Coirde O'Carolan bishop of Tyrone, 
died according to an entry in the Annals of the Four Mas- 
ters under that year ; we find a similar entry under A.D. 
1279, but as we know that MSS. used by the Four Masters 
in the compilation of their far-famed annals differed with 
regard to dates, we may venture to «ay that the above 
entries relate to one and the same person. In 1298 Flan 
O'Carolan, bishop of Derry, died ; and in 154— Hugh 
O'Carolan was appointed to the vacant See of Cloghei* by 
Pope Paul III. (Alexander Famese) which appointment 
was confirmed by Henry VIII. in 1542. 

In 1670 was born at Newtown, near Nobber, in the 
barony of Morgallian, and county of Meath, the cele- 
brated Irish Bard and Harper, Torlogh O'Carolan, son of 



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Jobzit «on of TorlogU*, w}io became blind at an early age 
from the effects of smallpox. In 1690 bis father removed 
from Newtown to Carrick-on-Shannon, where young 
Torlogh, then an excellent harper, cultivated an acquain- 
tance with the family of M'Dermod Eoe, of Knockmore, 
near Alderford, at wbich place he died on the 25th of March, 
1738. On tbe 28th of the same month his remains were 
conveyed to Kilronan and laid in the family vault of the 
M*Dermods Boe. The following is a translation, by 
Thomas Furlonff, of an Irish elegy on Carolan, written by 
his friend, Charles Mac Cabe : — 

'* Woe is mj portion ! unremitting woe ! 

Idly and wildly in my grief I rave, 

Thy song, my Torlogh, shall be heard no more — 

Thro' festive halls no more thy strains shall flow ; 

The thrilling music of thy harp is o'er — 

The hand th^t wak'd it moulders in the grave. 

" I start at dawn — I mark the country's gloom; 
O'er the green hills a heavy cloud appears ; — 
And me, kind heav'n, to bear my bitter doom, 
To check my murmurs an^ restrain my tears. 

'' Oh 1 gracious God I how lonely are my days ; 
At night sleep comes not to these wearied eyes, 
Nor beams one hope my sinking heart to raise — 
In Torlogh's grave each hope that cheer'd me lies. 

" Oh ! ye blest spirits dwelling with your God, 
Hymning his praise as ages roll along 
Receive my Torlogh in your bright abode 
And bid him aid you in your sacred song." 

Very few families of the O'Oarolans are to be met with in 
Glendermot at the present day. Towards the close of the 
1.7th century the head of the sept removed from that place 
into the county of Antrim, where he became possessed of 
a fimall estate. Several of them at this period took the 
name of Carleton in lieu of their patronymic, to disguise 
their origin, and conformed to the established church. 
The senior representative of the eldest branch of this family 
— Charles Carolan, Esq. — lived in Abbey- street, Dublin, 
some years since. 



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THEi CLAN FERGUS (son of Kosa, son of RoRt). 

The fotirth soti of Roderick the Greats was, 

62. Rosa Roe, or the Red-haired, bom A.M. 3389, who 
married Roigh, the daughter of an [Jltonian prince by 
whom he had a son called, 

63. Fergus, of Tain Bo Cuailgne notoriety, bom AM. 
3414, B.C. 336. Fergus took an active part in the 
disturbances occasionea by the treacherous and un- 
manly conduct of his kinsman, Conor Mac Neasa, 
towards the unfortunate children of Usneach, with th6 
youngest of whom, a prince named Naois, the fair 
Deirdre Bhreflg-ni-Mhananain, the daughter of 
Felim Mc Doill, and the source of Ulad's many woes, 
who was under the protection of Kin^ Connor, fell in 
love, and eloped into Alban or Scotia Minor. This 
so incensed the son of Neasa, to whom the fair Deirdre 
was betrothed, that he set a large price on the heads of 
the brothers, and ivrote a letter to the King of Alban in 
which he demanded the stirrender of the renigees. The 
Scottish Monarch seemed willing to comply with this 
demand, and means were adopted soon auerwards for 
the conveyance of tbe exiles back to the court of theEing 
of Ulster. In the meantime the friends of the sons of 
Usneach intei^ceded in their behalf, and the King 
promised that if they should return to his court and 
ask forgiveness for the crimes they had committed 
against his Majesty it would be granted them, and to 
prove his sincerity he delivered ms own son Cormac 
Gonlongas, and Fergus, the son of Rosa Roe, into the 
hands of the chie£3 of the deputation as hostages for the 
security of the exiles. Relying on the sincerity of the 
King, Fiacha, one of the sons of Fergus was disnatched 
by tne Ultonian nobles to conduct the chiloren of 
UsHeach to the palace of Emania. This young prince 
found themselves and their attendants ready for embar- 
kation, and in extreme grief in consequence of the 
demand made by their bitter enemy, the King of Ul- 
ster, and of the compliance of the Scottish Monarch; but 
they were soon comforted by young Fiacha, who ex- 
plained the object of his visit, and assured them of 
forgiveness from the offended King. The whole party 
then embarked fof their native province, and landed 
safely in Belfast Lough> whence they set otit for the 



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tesidence of King Coxmor. But these gallant kniffhts 
were doomed never to set foot on the conrt-yard of 
Umania tfaesplendid, or tread the long halls of the palace 
of queen M&cna, where the Red Branch waved over t^em 
in other days, and skilful harpers swept ihe Clarsech's 
trembling chords as they quaffed the nut-brown ale at 
ELinff Rosa's festive board. Whilst the unsuspecting 
brothers were plodding their weary way firom their 
landing place, the vengeful Conor, and Eoghan, son 
of Durtheacht, chief of Feammoy, were plottinff their 
destruction at Eamhain; and the latter when ne re* 
ceived private notice of their landing, set out to meet 
them at the head of a chosen party of soldiers, and 
coming up with them on the confines of Dalriada, slew 
all the men of the party, including Fiacha,son of Fergus 
the hostage. Conor was highly pleased at Eoghan's 
success, and he now fondly hoped that the Ultonian 
nobles would strike off the heads of the hostages, 
Fergus M'Rosa and Cormac Conlon^, whose lives 
became forfeited, as the former stood m the way of his 
own sons, Fachtna and Maine, to the throne of Ulster, 
and the latter was a source of shame to him, being the 
product of incestuous intercourse. Their lives were 
spared however, and both these princes, burning with 
hatred and revenge towards the kinff of Ulster, retired 
to Connaaght, where they were kinalv received by Oil- 
ioU aud Meabh, King and Queen of that province, who 
assigned them apartments in the palace of Rathcruaghan, 
whence they made frequent predatory excursions into 
Ulster^ out of which they always returned with great 
spoils after laying waste a large tract of country. 
Meva, above mentioned, was the daughter of Eochy 
Feidhlioch, monarch of Ireland, who gave her in marri- 
age to his chief favorite Tinne, son of Conragh, son of 
^derick the great, with the province of Connaught 
as a dowry. This prince was slain at Tara by 
Monire, a Lagenian prince, in a personal quarrel, and 
Meva soon afterwards married Oliol Mgre, the 
son of Rossa Buadh, by his wife Matha Muireas^, a 
Lagenian princess, to whom she bore the seven Mame, 
nrinces of unblemished valour and virtue. Oiloil 
More was far advanced in years when the exiled Fer- 
gus sought shelter beneath his roof, and the fair Meva, 
who still wore the weeds of youth, having conceived a 



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violent affection for tbe son of Boea of tbe comelv eotm* 
tenan<se, etrajed from virtue's path in an evil hour, 
proved wUh duld by Fergus, ana was delivered of three 
male cMldisea at a birth. The names %f these princes 
were^Giar, aquo Ciaxruigbe Luachra, Ciarruighe Ghuirc, 
Giarruighe Aoi, and Ciarruighe Goinmean; Gore a quo 
Coarc Modbruadhor Gorcumroe; and Gonmac^ a quo Con- 
maicne-M^a^Gonxnaicine GuU Talaigh .Conmaicne Maffh 
Bein, Gonmaicne Ginel Pubhain, &c. Fergus was slain by 
an officer belonging to the court of OliolMore^as he was 
batbii\g i« a pond near the royal xesidence, and he was 
interred at Magh Aoi, M, or Nai; wh^e being invoked 
hy Eimin and Muircheartach, two of liie chief hards of 
imnn^ temp. Dermod M^CarroIl, monarch of Ireland, 
be api^eared to these senachies in awful majesty, and 
recited tbe Tain bo Guailgne, or the histoi^y of the 
cattle epoil of Coely in Louth, of which, it would ap- 
pear, no account had been preserved among the Irish 
bards. 

The desoendants of Feigus throughout Ireland are 
known to tj^ Irish historians and genealogists as the 
Clan Fergus^ but for distinction's sake we shall call 
his posterity by Meva after the sons borne to him by 
that heroine. A history of the descendants of his 
other children by other wives will be given also, with 
an account of the lands which they possessed in 
various principalities, and the pedigrees of their chiefs. 
We shall begin with the Clan Giar. 
54. Giar, son of Fergus, by the celebrated Meabh or Meva, 
settled in DeisMumhan or Desmond, where he became 
possessed of a large tract of country, to which his 
descendants gave the jiame of Giacraighe Luachair 
or Jiuachra. The following are the generations of the 
Clan Giar down to Gatbal Eoe O'Connor Kerry, who 
lived in the tlnrdrquarter of the 17th century. 

55. Modh Tuath 64. Modh Airt 

56. Asdomaln 65. Sabhala 

57. Ulsaigh 66. Mesincon 
•58. Lainne 67. Oiluimh 

59. Eana 68. Mochaine 

60. Dealbna 69. Eibhric 

61. Fiodbmhaine 70. lomchada 

62. EoGbj the Left 71. Fearba 

63. Oirbsin 72. Reathach 



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78. Sioaig 88. Omor 

74. Dfiiiheaehto 84. Dormod 

75. HQgh Logha 85. Conlirachr* 

76. Maoltnile 86. B017 

77. Beachtabbra 87. Tadg 

78. Cabbthaigh 88. Hn£^ 

79. Colman 89. Catbal 
. 80. Flan Feama 90. Conor 

81. Melagblin 91. M'Bethaig, wbo was tb« 

82. Ronn fatber of 

92. Cow 0'€oiior, from whom the prindpftl fiuniUes of 
the O'Connors K&nrj ftre descended. He married the 
daughter of Conor 0'Eee£fe of Duhallow, by whom he 
had a son, 

93. If ahem, chief of Kerry Luachra^ who married Johanna, 
the dangter of Mnldoon O'Moriarty of Lough Lein, 
lord of thirty ploughlands, and had issue. 

94* Dermod na 6hiagb, or of the hosts, who married Mora, 
the daughter of llory O'Donoghue Mor, lord of forty- 
five plougblands, and had a sob. 

95. Mahon, who married Mora, the danghtorof Melaghlin 
O'Mahony, lord of Bathcnller, and left a son, 

96. Dermod, who married Jobamia, the daughter of the 
lord of K'erry, by whom he had a son, 

97. Conor, who married Winafred, the daughter of 
M'Mahon of Corcakine. This distinguished chief who 
was lord of Kerry Lnacbra and Iraghtyconor, was 
slain in the 58ih year of his age by the Branachs or 
Walshes of Kerry. His son, 

98. Conor, who married Margaret, the daughter ot John 
Fitzgerald of Callan, was treacherously slain by his 
own people in 1896. This Conor's brother, Dermod, 
married the daughter of O'Keeffe of Duhallow, and his 
son and successor, 

99. Conor, prince of Iraght and Kerry Luachra, espoused 
Katiileen, the daughter of John De Brunei! of Kerry, 
and was slain by h^ kinsman, MahonO'Conor, in 1445, 
whilst on his way to Iniscatha, on the Shannon in a 
boat. His son, 

100. John, lord of Kerry Luachra and Iraghtyconor, 
married Margaret, the daughter of David mgle of 
Monahinny, in 1461 ; he founded Lislaghtan Abbey 
in 1470, and died in 1485, leaving two sons, namely, 
Dermod, lord of Tarbert, who married the daughter of 
John Fitzgibbon, the white knight, and. 



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101. Conor of Carrigafoyle, wbo married Johanna, tbe 
daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald, Knight of the Valley, 
by whom he had issue, Charles, Cahir, and Dermod, 
who died sine prole; Donogh Maol, who mar- 
ried Ellis, the daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald of Billa- 
muUen, by whom he had a son, Gonor^ of whom here- 
after; and 

102. Conor Fioim or the Pair, who married twice, firstly, 
Margaret, the daughter of the lord of Kerry, by whom 
he had a son called Bryan na Lama, or Bryan of the 
blades, who predeceased his father, dying in 1566 ; 
and secondly Slaine, the daughter of O'Brien of Killa- 
loe, by whom he had a son, 

108. Conor Bacach or the Lame, who married Honoria, 
the daughter of Dermod, 2nd Earl of Thomond, by whom 
he had three sonsi namely, Donall Maol, or the bald; 
Donogh, and 

104. John na Cathach, or John of the conflicts ; and a 
daughter, Ellen, who married James Fitzmaurice of 
Ballykiely. John married Julia, the daughter of 
O'Sulliyan More, by whom he had five children, 
namely, Conor who died young ; Honoria, married to 
John Fitzgerald, Knight of Glynn ; Winafred, married 
to Oliver Delahoyde ; Julia, married to Ulick Roche, 
and Mary who married her kinsman. Conor Cam, but 
died issueless. This illustrious chief died without sur- 
viving male issue in 1640, whereupon the^ohieftaincy 
reverted to the descendant of Donogh Maol O'Conor, 
(103) son of Conor of Carrickafoyle (102) whose son 
Conor (104) married the daughter of John Fitzmaurice, 
by whom he had a son, Conor Cam (105) who left 
issue by his second wife, the daughter of Murrogh 
O'Connor of Bally line, John, who married twice, firstly, 
Amelia, daughter of John Fitzgerald, Knight of the 
Valley, and secondly, Johanna, daughter of Tadg 
McCarthy of Aglish, in the county of Cork, and was 
beheaded in Tralee in 1652; Donogh, who died in 
Flanders ; Cahir ; and Cathal, or Charles, Roe O'Con- 
nor Kerry (106) who married Eliza, daughter of the 
lord of Kerry, and left issue Mary, who died sine 
prole ; and Julia, who married Charles O'Connor of 
Dublin. 

The pedigree of the race of Dermod, son of Conor 
(97) by Winafred Mac Mahon,is given as follows by 



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Dudley M'Firbis in his book of genealogies, and there 
are reasons for believing that this Dermod was an 
elder brother to Conor, and that his descendants were 
the real '* O'Oonors ;'* and that they were regarded as 
such by M'Rrbis, who compiled his book about 1666, 
would appear from the prominent position he assigns 
them in his valuable Mo. 

97. Conor 101. Conor 

98. Dermod 102. John 

99. Dermod 103. Conor 
100. Conor 104. John 

Of this branch was the learned Bernard O'Conor, 
author of a History of Poland, and Physician to John 
Sobieski, king of that country. He studied at Paris, 
and practised in London, where he died in 1698. 

The following mention is made of the O'Conors 
Kerry in the topographical poem of Qilla-na-neev 
O'Heerin, written in the 15th century : 

Fagbham siol Conaire cliath 
Itioghraidhe Erna (Mnmhan) na n-or sciath ; 
Tail ar macht ar fine Fergus 
As ceim a hncht f heicheamhnios. 

Riogh Ciarriaghe os clanna Ciar, 
O'Conchobhar coir doisen; 
Cele dair an miodh fhninn mir 
On TVaigh co Sionaind Smithghil. 

I leave the seed of Conaiy of conflicts. 

The kings of the Emeans (of Monster) of golden shields ; 

Let ns approach the race of Fergus ; 

It is onr duty to remember them. 

The king of Keny is of the descendants of Ciar ; 
O'Conor, it is his rightful inheritance ; 
He IS ddef of the level conntiy of the fertile soil, 
From the Strand to the Shannon of crystal tributaries. 

The Traigh or Strand, above mentioned, is Traigh-liath, 
or the grey or white strand or coast, now known as Tralee, 
at the heaa of the bay of that name, situate on the Fionii- 
liath, or Leigh river, which empties itself into the bay a 
litUe above the town. The whole country lying between 
Tralee and the Shannon^ comprising the baronies of Clan- 



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manrice and Iragbtyconnor, would appear to hare belonged, 
nominally at least, to the family under notice in the early 
part of tn 15th century. The following notices of the 
O'Connors-Kerry are collected from the Annals of the Four 
Masters, the Annals of Inisfallen, and various other sources: 

A.D. 1019, — Culuachra O'Connor, king of Kerry- 
Luachra, died. 

A.D. 1067. — Aodh or Hugh O'Connor, prince of Kerry- 
Lurchra, died. 

A.D. 1069.— The two O'Moriartys, kings of the Bochan- 
acht of Longh Lene, or Killarney, and Cathal O'Connor, 
slew each other. From Donal, son of this Cathal, descended 
the forfeiting chief of Eathonane at the period of the Pro- 
tectorate, namely, Bryan O'Connor, the proprietor of the 
lands of Rathonane, Cathairslae, Liosluas, and Carrig- 
rec^ue. 

A.D. 1086.— Mac Bethaig O'Connor, lord of Kerry 
Luachra, died. 

A.D. 1093— Gormfliath, the daughter of O'Connor 
Kerry, queen of the Eachi, died. 

A.D. 1107.— O'Moriartv, lord of the Eoghanacht of 
Lough Lene, and Culuachra O'Connor Kerry, king of 
Kerry Luachra, were expelled these territories, by McCarthy, 
prince of Desmond. 

A.D. 1110. — A fleet of boats belonging to Mahon 
O'Connor Kerry were destroyed by a fleet commanded by 
M. Insulaig O'Moriarty, chief Eoghanacht of Lough Lene, 

A.D* 1115. — Donal O'Connor Kerry, Tanist of Kerry 
Luachra, was slain. 

A.D. 1138.— Mahon O'Connor Kerry, lord of Kerry 
Luachra, died. 

A.D. 1142. — Donogh O'Connor Kerry, lord of Kerry 
Luachra, was slain. 

A.D. 1152.— Bryan O'Connor Kerry, lord of Kerry 
Luachra, was killed. 

A.D. 1154. — Dermod O'Connor Kerry, who was derived 
of his lordship in 1162, died. From this prince descended 
Murrogh O'Connor Kerry, the forfeiting chief of Bally line, 
or Atha-na-Gran, at the period of the Protectorate, and the 
father of Conor O'Connor Kerry, commonly called Con- 
chohhar Cam, or Connor the crooked. 

A.D. 1165.— M'Crath O'Connor Kerry, lord of Kerry 
Luachra, died. 

A.D. 1166.— Dermod O'Connor Kerry, lord of Kerry 
Luachra, died. 



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A.D. 1388 — Donchadha O'Connor Kerry, lord of Kerry 
Luachra, died. 

A.D. 1396.— The O'Conor Kerry, ie., Conor, son of 
Conor, son of Dermod, was treacherously slain by his own 
people at the instigation of the Tanist, his own brother. 

A.D. 1405.— The O'Connor Kerry was slain by Fitz- 
maurice. In this year, say the Annals of Inisfallen, " the 
most pitiful, the sorest, the most English-like^ and the most 
abominable act that ever was perpetrated in Ireland before 
was committed in Desmond, viz., Dermod, son of Conor 
O'Connor, who was in captivity and in irons in the castle 
of the Earl of Desmond, i.e., of Jaipes, son of Garrett, was 
deprived of sight and manhood by Maurice, son of the said 
James and one of the O'Connors. This Dermod was son 
of Conor O'Connor Kerry (97) by Winafred M'Mahon, of 
Corkakine, in the county of Limerick, and son-in-law of 
O'Keeffe, chief of Duhallow, in the county of Cork. 

A.D. 1485. — ^John O'Connor Kerry and his wife, the 
daughter of David Kagle of Mohahinny, died, and they 
were interred in Lislaughton Abbey, which they founded in 
1470. 

A.D. 1524. — Conor O'Connor Kerry, son of Conor, 
having gone on a predatory excursion into Duthaigh-Alla, 
or Duhallow, was attacked, defeated, and taken prisoner, 
by Cormac Oge McCarthy. 

A*D. 1568. — Conor the Fair O'Connor Kerry was slain 
at the battle of Lixnaw. ** He was/' say the Four Masters, 
*' greatly lamented, and was at that time one of the most 
mournful losses sustained by the Clanna-Rory ; he was the 
enlivening spark of his race and relatives, and, though a 
junic^, he obtained the government of his patrimony 
[Kerry Luachra] over his seniors ; he was the supporting 
prop of learned men, strangers, and professions of aU. deno- 
minations, and was the sustaining pillar of war and conflict 
{gainst neighbouring and distant foes." — Connellan*s trans- 
lation. 

A.D. 1673. — Connor Baccagh O'Connor Kerry died. 

A.D. 1599. — Donogh, son of Conor, son of Conor, eon 
of Conor, son of John, son of Conor O'Gonor Kerry, was 
skin by the sons of Manus Oge M'Sheehy. 

A.D. 1600. — ^John Cathach O'Connor Kerry surrendered 
his estates and castle of Carrigafoyle into the hands of the 
4darl of Thomond, president of Munster, and obtained a re- 
grant thereof by direction of Elizabeth. 



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A*D. 1662.— The illustrious John O'Connor Kerry, sou 
of Conor Cam, lord of Kerry Luachra, and Tadg, son of 
Thomas, son of Tadg of Aghalahama, lord of Tarbert, 
suffered martyrdom for their faith— "The former, on account 
of his adhesion to the Catholic party,'' says Father Morrison, 
" and his efforts to draw to it, not only his personal fol- 
lowers, but all with whom be had friendship, was, after 
havinff been seized by stratagem by the Cromwellians, 
brought to Tralee, and there half hanged and then be- 
headed/' Threnodia. Tadg, son of Thomas, was beheaded 
on Fair Hill, otherwise Sheep-Hill, near Killamey, as we 
are informed by Bishop Council in his celebrated poem on 
the Persecutions of the^Irish People : 

*' Tadg O'Connor and Bishop Boetns [M*Egan] 
Were hanged on a gallows on Sheep-Hill. 
The head of O'Connor was put on a spike." 

Tadg left two sons, namely, David from whom the late 
Rev Charles James O'Connor Kerry was fifth in direct 
descent, and Conor, styled of Fieries, of whose descendants 
very little is known* A kinsman of these chieftains, 
William O'Connor, suffered martyrdom for his faith in 
the same year, or as some say in the year previous. In 
fourteen years afterwards the whole of the barony of Iraghty- 
connor, with a portion of that of Clanmaurice, the domain 
of Murtogh O'Connor Kerry, was granted by letters patent 
of Kinff Charles II. dated Nov. 10th, 1666, to the Provost 
and Fellows of Trinity College. This grant was made under 
the ** Act of Settlement." Amongst the forfeiting chief- 
tains of the O'Connors Kerry at the period of the Protec- 
torate were, Donogh O'Connor of Knockanure, in the barony 
of Iraght, and Thomas, son of Torlogh O'Connor, chief of 
NohovalKerrv, who forfeited six ploughlands. The 
O'Connors had castles at Bally bunion, Minegahane, Knock- 
nacashel, Ballincuslane, Ldstowel, (fee. 

Soon after the period of the Anglo-Norman Invasion the 
possessions of the O'Connors Kerry were comprised in the 
territory forming the now barony of Iraght, then denomin- 
ated Rioght ui Corichobhair, which signifies the country or 
domain of the O'Connors, having been dispossessed of the 
extensive district forming the present barony ofClanman* 
rice by Mac Carthy More, prince of Desmond, who granted 
it to Fitzmaurice, in consideration of his services against 
McCarthy's rebellious son— and hence the name of this 
barony. 



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In 1181 the lords of Iragfat erected at Atha-an Mhuillin, 
now Aghavallen, their famous castle of Carrig-a-Phoil, i.e. 
the rock or fortress of the hole or chasm, which long re* 
sisted the furious attacks of the Protector, it havyig been 
w«ll fortified against the Elizabethan coinmandens by the 
O'Connor, for whom it was held by one Julio, an Italiau 
officer of some repute, some of descendants are to be met 
with in Kerry at the present day. It fell, however, after 
some time, through the continued exertions of the Begicide's 
minions, and the twelve persons, five men, six women, and a 
child, found within the walls, were hanged from a tree in rere 
of the castle. One of the chief representatives of this illus- 
trious family is the Commandant of Mantua, Daniel 
O'Connell O Connor Kerry, now Baron O'Connor, who is 
high in favor with his Imperial Majesty, Francis II. 

Arms — ^Vert a Hon rampant or crowned of the last. 

Crest — An arm embowed in armour holding a sword 
argent. 

The Clan Corc— O'CONNOR CORC. 
64. Core, the son of Fergus, settled in Clare soon after the 
dearth of his illustrious parent, and became the propri- 
etor of an extensive tract of land in that principality, 
From him descended the O'Connors Corc, who derive 
their surname from Conchobhair, or Conor, son of Me- 
laghlin, lord of Corcumroe, who was slain by the people 
of Umalia, in West Connaught, in 1002. the territory 
Core Mogh Ruadh, or Corcumroe, a name derived froiyi 
Mogh Ruadh,great ffrandson of Fergus, was co-extensiva 
with the diocese of Kilfenora, and comprised in ancient 
times the presentbaronies of Corcumroe and Burrei^. 
In the beginning of the eleventh century the O'Connors 
and the O'Loghlens, the dominant families of the raca 
of Core, divided this territory equally between them- 
selves, when the sub-division forming the now barouy 
of Corcumroe fell to the O'Connors, who were the des- 
cendants of an elder brother, and that forming the baro- 
ny of Burren to the O'Loghlens, who were the des- 
cendants of a youpger brother of the same illustrious 
house; O'Connor's sub-division was sometimes denom- 
inated Western Corcumroe, to distinguish it from 
O'Loghlen's territory which in after times obtained the 
name of Boirinn or Burren. The following is the pe4» 
igree of Donogh O'Connor Corc, compiled from m^ 
thentic sources ;— 
4 



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54. Core Dosethe 

55. Ollaman 

56. Mogh Raadh 

57. Leatbain 

58. Finanghai 

59. Hugh Gnaoi 

60. Athchuirp 

61. Neachtain 

62. Onchin 

63. Osgar 

64. Ere 

65. £rc 

66. Mesin Saling 

67. Mesindon 

68. Osgar 

69. Conbruic 

70. Brie 

71. TaU 

72. Amergin 

73. Senaig 

74. Felene 

75. FeUm 



76. Dubh da Loch 

77. M'Laoch 

78. Reanhtaibhrach 

79. Duibhruibh 

80. Flaherty 

81. Samhradain 

82. Ardga, aquo Cinel Ardga 

83. Melaghlin 

84. Conor 

85. Flan or Felim 

86. Conor Mor 

87. Loghlen 

88. Cathal 

89. Cathal 

90. Cathal 

91. Donal 

92. Felim-an-Einigh 

93. Conor 

94. Bryan 

95. Conor 

96. Donogh 



Accounts of the most notable chiefs of Corcumroe will 
be found in the following notices of the O'Connors Core, col- 
lected from various sources 

A.D. 1113.-^Melaghlin O'Connor, son of Connor, son of 
Melaghlin, lord of Core, died. 

A.D. 1171.— The western half of the territory of Cor- 
cumroe was plundered by the Siol Murray (O'Connors of 
Connaught) and by the O'Flaherties of west Connaught. 

A.D. 1174 — Melaghlin 0'Donagan,lord of Ara, was slain 
by O'Connor, lord of Core. 

A.D. 1175. — Mian-liath Dearg O'Connor, the son of 
O'Connor Core, was slain by O'Brien. 

A.D. 1200 .-The English of Limerick under de Burgo, laid 
waste a great part of Corcumroe, and put a great number 
of the inhabitants to the sword, 

A.D, 1190.— The English entered Corcumroe and inflict- 
ed' unheard of cruelties upon the inhabitants. 

A.D. 1202. — Dermod,son of Art 'Melaghlin, was slain by 
the son of O'Connor Core. 

A.D. 1217 Nial O'Connor Core, the grandson of 

Lochlain, died. 

A.D. 1275 — King Edward I. by letters patent dated 
January 26, granted the whole of the county of Clare to 
Thomas le Clare, son of the Earl of Gloucester. 



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A.D. 1365.— Felim O'Connor, called the ''hospitable," son 
ofDonal, lord of Core, died. 

A.D. 1422. — Roderick O'Connor, lord of Corcumroe, son 
of Connor, was slain by his own people, namely, by the sons 
of Felim, at his own residence, Cais-Ian-na Dumhcha or 
Dongh Castle, in the barony of Corcumroe. Cotemporary 
with this Roderick was the learned Gilla na neey O'Heerin, 
author of a topographical poem on Leath Mogha, in which 
the following mention is made of O'Connor Core. 

The cotmtry of Fear — Ardga of gold, 
Oorcnmroe of the glittering battle hosts ; 
O'Connor obtained the soil. 
The heights of delightful Conagh. 

Feara Ardga, mentioned in the poem, was the tribe name 
of the O'Connors Core, derived from Ardga 82 of the pedi- 
gree. 

A.D. 1431. — Murtogh O'Connor, lord of Corcumroe, was 
slain by the children of his own brother. 

A.D. 1471. — Connor O'Connor, son of Bryan Oge, lord of 
Corcumroe, was slain by the sons of his brother Donogh, 

A.D. 1482.— Felim O'Connor, son of Felim, lord of 
Cinel Ardga, otherwise Fear Ardga^ was slain by the sons 
of Conor O'Connor. 

A.D. 1485— O'Connor, lord of Corcumroe, died. 

A.D. 1490. — Con, son of Donal O'Connor, lord of Cor- 
cumroe, was killed by Conor, son of Murtogh, and by 
Cathal, son of CathaL 

The O'Connors of Core fell into decay in the early part 
of the 16th century, and their extensive possessions passed 
to the Fitzgeralds, Gores, Stackpooles, and other English 
families, and the descendants of the Prince of UUad, and 
of the celebrated Meva, queen ofConnaught, became tillers 
of the fields of Corcumroe for alien lords, and dwellers in 
rniserable huts constructed in the shelter of the cloud-sup- 
porting hills from whose gorse-clad slopes and Cairn* 
crowned summits ten-thousand voices proclaimed theit 
ancestors Kings of Cinel Ardga. 

Had Meva known that fortune had 
For Fergus' race such ills in store, 
That Irian prince would ne'er be led 
To wrong the bed of Oilial More. 



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THE CLAN CORC— O'LoGHLBN Burren. 

The O'Loghlens Burren derive their surname from Loch - 
lain, son of Melaghlin, son of Ardga, 82 of the pedigree of 
O'Connor Core. They were formerly chiefs of Eastern 
Corcumroe, an extensive territory in the county of Clare, 
comprising the whole country forming the barony of Burren, 
and are mentioned as follows in the topographical poem of 
Gilla na neev O'EeeriU; written in the early part of the 
15th century. 

0*Loghleii, a hero commanding battalioiis 
Roles over the fertile fonntful fields of finrren ; 
Over Teallach Corc» his rightfal inheritance 
The land of the cattle and wealthy port. 

Teallach Core, mentioned in the poem, was the tribe name 
of the family under notice ; the '* weadthy port" is the old 
harbour of fiurren, at New- Quay, in the parish of Abbey ; 
there are still some remains of the old quay a little to tne 
west of the new quay, whence the village has its name, 
which was built in 1828 by the late fishery board. 

The following pedigree of the O'Loghlens Burren is pre- 
served in the Genealogical MS. of Duald M'Firbis : 

82. Ardga (vid. O'Connor's ped.) 89. Congal 

83. Melaghlin 90. Donogh 

84. Lochlain, aqno O'L. 91. Adhnaig 

85. Melaghlin 92. Brian 

86. Amhlaoimh 93. Mnrchad 

87. Melaghlin 94. Brian 

88. Aomhlaobh 95. * 

It is to be regretted that the industrious M'Firbis did not 
continue the pedigree of the O'Loffhlen Burren down to his 
own day, (1666), for there are doubts as to whether the 

S resent chief of the sept, can be correctly connected at this 
ay to any of the above remote generations. 

A Table of the O'Loghlens Burren from A.D. 1045 to 1600 

Oonghalach died 1045 O'Loghlen Barren died 1448 

Adhnaigh died 1060 Adhnaigh fl. 1480 

Amhlaoibh died 1132 Rory Fitz Adhnaigh fl. 1503 

Mnrtogh flourished 1160 Conor Fitz Rory fl. 1520 

Donal fl. 1200 Melaghlin Fitz Rory fl. 1540 

Conor died 1260 Anthony Fitz Malachy died 1690 

Melaghlin killed 1380 Rossa Fitz Anthony fl. 1690 

Irial slain 1395 Fitz Rossa fl. 1610 



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Historical Notices. 

A.D. 1160. — Murtogh O'Loghlen mustered an anny for 
the subjugation of Meath and Breffny. 

A.D. 1359.— Richard O'Loghlen, bishop of Kilfenora, 
died on the 3rd day February. This prelate was conse- 
crated on the 16th of July, 1316. The bishops of this See 
were sometimes styled bishops of Corcumroe. 

A.D. 1231. — Conor O'Loghlen, lord of Burren, led an 
army into Connaught as far as Lough Key, in the county 
Boscommon. 

A.D. 1395 Trial O'Loghlen, lord of Teallach Core, was 

slain by MacQirr-an-Adhister, one of his own people, in 
revenge of his foster brother, Malachy, lord of Burren, who 
was slain by Conor. 

A.D. 1684,— Torlogh, son of Anthony OLoghlen Burren, 
was taken prisoner in March by Torlogh Fitz Donal O'Brien, 
and he was afterwards put to death in Ennis by Captain 
Brabazon. 

A.D. 1585 Rossa, son of Anthony O'Loghlen Burren 

attended Sir John Perrott's memorable parliament, convened 
in Dublin at the desire of Elizabeth. 

A.D. 1598.— Torlogh Buidhe, or the Yellow, O'Loghlen, 
and Bryan, son of Rossa, son of Anthony O'Loghlen, were 
slain at Coili-Ui-Fiachrach or Killeveragh, near Kinvarra,. 
by Ji party of O'Donnell's people. 

A.D. 1756. — Bernard Loghlen, a native of Clare, was 
prior of Lorha. 

The chief representatives of this sept are, Sir Colman M. 
O'Loghlen, bart., son of Sir Michael, who was an eminent 
lawyer and Master of the Rolls in Ireland ; and his cousin, 
Colman Bryan O'Loghlen, Esq., Sub-Inspector of the Irish 
Constabulary, son of the late Bryan Loghlen, Esq., of 
Port, Co. Clare. 

Arms — A man in armour shooting an arrow from a cross- 
bow. 

Crest — On a ducal coronet an anchor erect entwined 
with a cable. 

THE CLAN CONMAC— O'KiELT or West 
Connaught. 

The O'Cadhlas or O'Kielys of West Connaught derive 
their descent and surname from Cadhla, of the race of Fer- 
gus M'Roy M'Rosa, prince of Ultonia by Meadhbh or 



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Meva, queen of Connaught. These O'Kielys were of the 
Conmacnacian race, and chiefs of Conmacne Mara, an ex- 
tensive territory in West Connanght, forming the present 
barony of Ballinahinch, as we are informed by the learned 
O'Dngan in terms which may be thns translated :-^ ^ 

Where Cormac^s race — an hospitable host 
Dwells nndistorb'd along the western coasti 
The fair O'Kiely rules supremest lord. 
And shares the blessings of his festive board. 
In this fair land, though blessed with every grain, 
No poisonous draughts intoxicate the brain ; 
The living spring and mede supply their place, 
And quench the thirst of Oonmac's peaceful race. 

Conmacne Mara, Vulgo Connemara, was the name given 
to the descendants of Conmac, son of Fergus, who settled 
along the western coast of Galway in very remote times ; 
the adjunct Maray which signifies " the sea,*' was affixed to 
the tribe name that this family and their possessions might 
be distinguished from the inland Conmacne, such as the 
Conmacne Cuil Talaigh, or the Conmacne of the barony of 
Kilmain, the Conmacne of Dun-Mor, the Conmacne of 
Magh-Rein, the Conmacne of Cinel Dubhan, Ac. 

Of the Conmacne-Mara very few notices are preserved 
by the Annalists ; they were a peaceful tribe, and took no 
part in any of the many disturbances which agitated this 
unfortunate island since the period of the Anglo-Norman 
Invasion, and hurled it from the proud position which it 
once occupied among the nations of Europe. 

A.D. 1187. — 0*Kiely Caoch, or the one-eyed, a learned 
sage, and chief of Conmacne-Mara, died. 

A.D. 1189.— Hugh O'Kiely, lord of Conmacne-Mara, 
was killed in a domestic feud. 

A.D. 1680.— Malachy O'Kiely, a native of West-Con- 
naught, was appointed to the Archbishopric of Tuam-da* 
ghualan, now Tuam. This distinguished prelate was the 
last of a long line of illustrious chiefs, and the rightful 
owner of an extensive estate in the barony of Ballinahinch, 
in the county of Galway ; he was the son of 

2. Mnircheartach Og 6. Patrick 

3. Muircheartaig 7. Malachy 
4 Aodh or Hugh 8. Flan 

5. Melaghlin 9. Muircheartaig 



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10. Flan 18. Donchadha Moir 

11. Mnircheartaigh 19. GiUa-na-Neev 

12. Maireadhagh 20. Gilla-na-Neey 

13. John or Owen 21. lomhair Fionn 

14. Oathal 22. Donal 

15. Donchadha 23. Donogh Caoch 

1 6. Hugh Dubh 24. Cadhla, aquo O'Cadhla, or 

17. Donchadha Oig O'Kielj 

This prelate commanded a detachment of the confederate 
army in 1645, and was unhappily slain near Sligo in that 
year in an unsuccessful attempt to take the town from the 
Parliamentarians who held it under Sir Charles Coote, 
" By his occupation of this post," says Lewis (Top. Diet.), 
<' Sir Charles had the means of keeping a check on the 
royalists of the neighbouring counties, but the Koman 
Catholic Archbishop of Tuam with great zeal collected forces 
for the recovery ot the town, in which attempt he was joined 
by Sir J. DillSn, who was sent by the confederates from 
Kilkenny with 800 men to his assistance, and haying forced 
his way into the town was on the point of expelling the 
Parliamentarians when he was suddenly alarmed by the 
intelligence of an armed party being on its approach to its 
relief. Upon this the confederate forces retired, and in their 
retreat were attacked and routed by Sir Charles Coote. 
The archbishop was killed in the action, and among his 
papers were found the important documents that exposed 
the connexion of the kinff with the Catholic party.'* 

Of this tribe was the Kiely, by whom Gerald FitzJames 
Fitzgerald, Earl of Desmond, was mortally wounded in 
Gleanaguanta, A.D. 1583. This Daniel Kiely was, as 
Cox slateSi a native Irishman^ who had been bred by the 
English, and was serving as a kern under the English com- 
mandant of Castlemaigne in 1583. In this year the 
Desmond's ** best friend,'' Geofiry MacSweeny, constable 
of GaUc^lasses, who used to provide provisions for the earl 
in his distress, was taken prisoner and slain, and the Des- 
mond was reduced to such straits after the death of his too 
faithful follower and caterer, that he was deserted by his 
wife and attendants, and compelled to seek shelter in the 
solitudes of Gleanagintigh, in the parish of Bally maceligott, 
county of Kerry, whence he would sometimes issue with a 
few followers, and take a prey of cattle from a neighbouring 
chieftain. One of the predatory excursions made by this out- 
lawed earl was to the district possessed by Owen O'Moriarty 



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(or as some sav by his sister) between Tralee and Castl6- 
inaigne, and Eoghan, who had suffered much already from 
the creaghing raids of this unruly Desmond, resolved to 
rid the province of the disturber, and having mustered his 
own followers and obtained a reinforcement of musketeers 
and kerns from the commandant of Castlemaigne,he pursued 
the Desmond to his fastness and surrounded the wood in 
which he abode. O'Kiely, or Kelly, as he is incorrectly 
called by Cox, was the first to enter the hut of the plun- 
dering Geraldine, and finding him seated before a small fire 
of wood, he aimed a blow at the earl and nearly cut off his 
right hand. He was then made prisoner and conducted 
before O'Moriarty, who caused his head to be struck off. 
The following is the account the Four Masters give of this 
transaction : " A party of the O'Moriartys of the tribe of 
Hugh Benain, got an opportunity of surprising the earl of 
Desmond who was in a finnboth (hut) concealed in the 
cavern of a rock in Glean au-Qintich ; this party were re- 
connoitering and surrounding that habitation in which the 
earl was, from the beginning of the night till towards 
morningj when they rushed in on him in the cold hut, by 
the break: of day, being on a Tuesday, and the festival day 
of St. Martin (11 Nov.) precisely ; the earl was wounded 
by them, for he had no person to fight or to make resistance 
along with him except one woman and two boys ; they had 
noU however f gone far from the rcoody when they instantly 
beheaded the earl, and had he not been engaged in plun- 
dering and rebelling as he was, that earl of Desmond would 
have been one of the greatest losses in Ireland, namely> 
Gerald, son of James, Bon of John, son of Thomas of 
Drogheda, son of James, son of Gerald au Dana, son of 
Maurice, first earl of Desmond, son of Thomas Na N-Apadh, 
son of John Caille, son of Thomas, in whom the Geraldines 
of Kildare and Desmond concentrate ; son of Maurice, the 
Friar Minor, son of Gerald> son of Maurice, son of Gerald/' 
Connellan^s Four Masters. 

Our reason for entering into the details of the capture 
and death of this Geraldine here, is to expose an attempt 
made by Mr. M. A. O'Brennan, in a note to his " Anti- 
quities of Ireland/' to fix a blemish on the stainless cha- 
racter of the Four Masters. In the libellous note we allude 
to, which may be found at page 163 of the above mentioned 
work, it is erroneously asserted that a slander has been 
placed on the O'Moriartys by the Four Masters ; that the 



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{Innals are doctored in many placed (for the purpose of 
pleasing, or at the instigation of O'Gara, wno was an 
apostate) ; that it was not a Moriarty but an O'Kiely that 
murdered the earl of Desmond, and that none of the race 
of the illustrious king Benan ever perpetrated such a deed; 
and to crown the whole we are tola that this Hugh Benan 
was of the Irian or Rudrician race, and that he was the an* 
cestor of the O'Connors Kerry, although his name has been 
interpolated into the McCarthy pedigree for the purpose of 
making the O'Moriartys a collateral branch of the 
McCarthys I Intelligent Irishmen need scarcely be told 
that the above statements are truthless ; and we need not 
wonder that those records of past ages which attest the 
learning of our ancestors, and to the truthfulness of which 
learned strangers have borne testimony, should have been 
discredited by modem English writers when assertions so 
devoid of trut^ as the above are penned by Irishmen, and 
distributed among their countrymen. But the character 
of the ^' Masters" is still safe with the leamedi the missiles 
flung by their assailants do not reach the object of attack, 
and the illustrious dead may rest secure in the shelter of 
that deathless pile raised by Jheir own genius and industry. 
The following letter written by Thomas Butler, earl of 
Ormond and Ossory, governor of Munster in 1583, proves, 
if proofs were required, the correctness of the account left 
us by the Four Masters; this document, which is preserved 
in the State Paper Office, was addressed to the privy coun- 
cil, and dated firom Kilkenny, 15 November, 1583 : 

" In my way from Dublin I received letters of the killing of the 
traitor, Gorehe M'Sweeny, captain of Galloglasses, tbe^only man 
that relieved the earl of Desmond in his extreme misery, and the 
next day after my coming hither to Kilkenny, I received certain word 
that Donal (?) M'Moriarty, of whom at my last being in Kerry I 
took assurance to serve against Desmond, being accompanied by 
25 kerne of his own sept and six of the ward of Castlemaigne, the 
1 1th of this month, at night, assaulted the earl in his tent [cabban] 
in a place called Gleanaguinty, near the river Maigne, and slew liim, 
whose head I have sent for, and appointed his body to be hanged 
up in chains in Cork. " Thomas Ormond et Ossory.'* 

When the Desmond's head reached Ormond at Kilkenny 
he dispatched a trusty messenger with the gory spoil to 
London, and wrote the following letter to Walsingham : — 

" I do send your Highness (for proof of the good success of the 



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service and the happy end thereof) by this bearer, the principal 
trdtor Desmond's head, as the best token of the same, and proof of 
my faithful service and travail, whereby her Majesty's charges may 
be diminished as to her princely pleasure shall be thought meet. 
"November 28th 1583. Thomas Ormond et Ossory." 

These letters completely subvert the Btatements of certain 
writers to the effect that, the Desmond's body was concealed 
from the English and privately interred in the church of 
Eilnemanaghy at Ardnagrath, to Kerry. 

The ClanConmac— Mac SHANLEY. 

The Mac Seanlaoichs, or M'Shanleys, are of Milesian 
origin, springing from Conraac, son of Fergus M'Roigh, 
through his descendant Seanlaoich, as appears from the fol- 
lowing pedigree compiled from authentic sources. 

1. Edmond Og, son of 11. Dunsidhe, sou of 

2. Edmond Mor, son of 12. Gillabreac, son of 
d. Geoffiy, son of 13. Scanlaoich, son of 

4. Cormac, son of 14. Brogan, son of 

5. Soinin, son of 15. Eolus, son of 

6. Dermod Dubh, son of 16. Biobhsaighe, son of 

7. Mahon, son of 17. Cromain, son of 

8. Hugh, son of 18. Mairdne, son of 

9. Gillaspuic, son of 19. Fiodh, son of 

10. Gilla Easpoic, son of 20. Fionn, vide M^RaghnaFs ped. 

The M'Shanley s were subordinate chieftains in the county 
of Leitrim from the period of the Anglo-Norman invasion 
to the close of the 15th century, and several members of 
the family maintained an independent position down to the 
accession of William III, when their estates became for- 
feited to the crown by their adherence to the imbecile 
Stuarts. Frequent mention is made of this family by the 
Four Masters and other annalists. 

A.D. 1254. — Sitric M'Shanley was taken prisoner by 
Felim Fitzcathal O'Connor, by whom the Seanshailaoich 
M'Shanley was deprived of sight, for having conspired to 
betray him into the hands of his enemies, the sons of 
Eoderick O^Connor, and the English of Connaught. This 
Sitric was slain in Athlone by the M^Geraghtys in 1260. 

A.D. 1256.— Donogh M'Shanley died in the monastery 
of Bo vie, Co. Roscommon. 

A.fi. 1354.— Tadg M'Shanley died. 

A.D. 1378. — The M'Shanley was slain in a domestic 
feud. 



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A*D. 1404.— Donogh, son of Murrogh M«Shanley, the 
wealthy proprietor of a canthred of Corcaghlin, in the connty 
of BoBCommon^ died. 

A.D. 1473. — The clan Malachy M'Raffhnail made a pre- 
datory incursion into the country of M^Shanley, in the 
south of the county of Leitrim^ and slew Donogh, son of 
Donogh M'Shanley; hut the M'Shanley collected his 
forces, and gave battle to the clan Malachy at Balli na 
Carriga (probably Canigallen) whom they defeated with 
considerable loss, includi^ several chiefs of the M'Bannals. 
Bryan M'Shanley was slain on tibat occasion. 

The Clan Conmic— Mic PRIOR. 

The Mac-an-Priors, or Priors, of Leitrim deduce their 
descent from the seven sons of Muireasgan Mao Raghnal, 
commonly called *' the Prior'' of Cloone, where an abbey 
was founded by St. Fraoch about the middle of the sixth 
century. The names of these seven sons were, Cairbry, 
Murtogh, Fergal, Manus, Melagblin, Cormac, and Robert ; 
they were the sons of 



1. Muireadhiosgan, son of 


7. Fergal, son of 


2. Thomas, son of 


8. Ivar, son of 


8. Mathew Mor, son of 


9. Baghnail, son of 


4. Conor, son of 


10. Mairceardoig Maol, vide 


5. Cathal, son of 


M^Raghnal's pedigree 


6. Muirceardoig, son of 





This branch of the M'Raghnal family possessed an ex- 
tensive tract of land in the barony of Carrigallen, county 
of Leitrim, down to the close of the 17th century ; and some 
respectable families of the name are to be met with in that 
county at the present day. 

The Clan Conmao— OTERRALL. 

Lo I where our Fhelim stands ; his flashing eye. 
Bright as his tireless blade ; and by his side 
The proud O'Ferrall bears no brand untried." 

Roman Vision. 

The O'Ferralls are of Milesian extraction, springing from 
Conmac, son of Fergus, M'Rossa Ruadh, by Meva, queen 
of Connaught, and one of the dominant mmilies of the 
Conmacne. These Conmacne possessed themselves in very 



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early times of the whole country extending from Fenagh, 
in the county of Leitrim, to Eath-Conrath in Westmeath, 
and thereby comprised Conmacne of Magh-Rein, or Mac 
Eaghnars country in the south of the first mentioned 
county, and the whole of North Teffia, subsequently denom- 
inated Analy, and in more modem times the county of 
Longford, together with large portions of the baronies of 
Eathconrath, Kilkenny west, and Corcaree, in Westmeath. 
The dominant families of the Conmacne after the establish- 
ment of surnames were, the M'Eaghnals, or Reynolds, who, 
as already stated, were lords of Conmacne of Magh-Eien, 
and the OTerralh who possessed themselves of a large 
portion of North Teffia, and of part of South Teffia, now 
forming the county of Westmeath. The Conmacne of 
Analy, or the ancestors of the O'Ferralls, had their chief 
residence at a place now called White Hill, in the parish of 
Clonbrone, and diocese of Ardagh, the site of which is 
marked by a remarkable moat by which the mansion was 
surrounded. From this residence of the O'Ferralls, the 
parish of Cluain-Bran ie., the "retreat of Bran O'F., now 
Clonbome, has its name. In more modem times the 
O'Ferralls had their chief seat at Longphort in Fhearghail, 
now Longford, in the county of the same name, which be- 
came the capital of Analy. About the middle of the 16th 
century we find the family of O'Ferrall divided into five 
distinct branches, viz., the O'Ferrall Buidhe, or the Yellow, 
who was lord of Upper Analy ; the O'Ferrall Ban, or the 
Fair, lord of lower Analy, or that part of the county of 
Longford north of Granard, the Grian Ard of the Annalists ; 
the Clan Muircheartaigh O'Ferrall, who held lands in 
various parts of Analy ; the Clan Awlave O'Ferrall, who 
possessed the country forming the present part of Moydow, 
and had their chief residence at the base of'Slieve Gouldry, 
the place 6f inauguration of the O'Ferralls, as princes of 
Conmacne Teffia ; and the Clan Hugh O'Ferrall, chiefs of 
Killoe, after whom the Clan Hugh Mountains have their 
name. On the summit of one of these moimtains, now 
known as Cam Hill, is a large mound of earth which is 
said to mark the burial place of a remote ancestor of the 
O'Ferrall family. By John O'Dugan the O'Ferralls are 
styled chiefs of Clan Fergus, by which is meant the descen- 
dants of Fergus M'Eossa, through his son Conmac, of 
which the family of notice were the senior and dominant 
branch. They were sometimes styled lords of Forthuatha 
Laighean or N. Leinster, and princes of Teffia. 



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Chronological Table of the lords of Analy from 
A.D, 1030 to 1445. 



Donal, died 1053 
Giilapatrick, slain 1072 
Cosleibhe, died 1081 
John, slaiii 1087 
DoDal Dabh, died 1095 
Eichtegern, died 1110 
Donal, died 1115 
Cosleibhe, slain 1 120 
Brian, died 1122 
Gillananeey, died 1148 
Donal, fl. 1148 
Mnnrogh, died 1150 
Morrogh, died 1154 
Hugh, died 1160 
Donal slain 1172 
Hugh, killed, 1196 
Awlave, fl. 1182 
Donogh, died 1209 
Tadg, slain 1217 
Hugh, kiUed 1228 



Murrogh Carrack, fl. 1230 

Hugh, killed 1232 

Gilla Naneev, fl. 1248 

Awlave, killed 1268 

Donal, killed 1269 

Fitz Murrogh Carrach, slain 1270 

Gathal, died 1282 

Geoffry, died 1318 

Murtogh, killed 1322 

Gilla Naneev, died 1347 

Cathal, fl. 1350 

Mahon, died 1353 

Donal, died 1355 

Malacbjjdied 1364 

John, died 1383 

Carbry, died 1386 

Thomas, slain 1398 

John, died 1399 

Murtogh Medhach, died 1411 

Donal Fitz John, died 1435 



William Fttz John Fitz JDonal died, 1445. 

This William, lord of Aaaly, died at an advanced age, 
and two chiefs of his name, the heads of rival parties, were 
elected to succeed him, viz., Rossa, son of Murtogh Midhe, 
son of Bryan O'Ferrall, by the tribe of Murtogh, and 
Donal Boy, son of Donal, son of John, by the Clan Hugh, 
and Clan Seaghan. These elections caused much blood- 
shed between the contending parties, and Analy was at 
length divided between the rival chiefs; this contention 
with the division of the principality, gave a deadly blow to 
the fast fading power of the O'Ferralls. Rossa, son of 
Murtogh, who was chief of the Clan Murtogh, and lord 
of the " Port of Longford," obtained upper Analy ; and 
Donal Boy, son of Donal, lower Annaly, or the Northern 
half of the present county of Longford. From Donal Boy's 
father descended the O'Ferralls Ban ; and from Rossa's 
great grandfather the O'Ferrairs Buidhe or the Yellow. 



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The (fFerralh from the division of Analy to 1600 / — 



tTJRper AncHy: 
Rossa 1460 
Rory 1476 
Thomas 1490 
Oedach 1497 
Bryan 1565 
Fachtna Boy 1585 
FergoB 1599 



' Lower Analy: 

Donal Boy 1473 
Trial and John 1475 
^ohn 1488 
Cormac 1494 
Donal 1560 
WUUam 1685 
Rossa 1598 



Pedigrees of the heads of the different branches of the 
OFerrall family : 

The OFerrall Ban or the Fair : 



1. Rossa, 1598 

2. William 

3. Donal 

4. Cormac 

5. John 

6. Donal 

7. John 
S'. Donal 
9. John 

10. Gillananeey 

11. Hugh 

12. Awlave 
Id. Donal 

14. Mnrchadh 

15. Gillananeey 

16. Brian 

17. Seanlaoch 

18. Eochaidh 



19. Ferghail Ard, a quo O'P. 

20. Congaling 

21. Br^nnan 

22. Anghaile a quo Analy 

23. Einim 

24. Groan 

25. Mairdne 

26. Fiobhruin 

27. Finfir or Fingir 

28. Nedhe 

29. Oncon 

30. Finloga 
81. Finfir 

32. Gumasgrach 

33. Gecht 

34. Ere 

35. Ercdail 

Vide M'Rannall's pedigree 



The QFerrall Buidhe or the Yellow : 



1. Fergus 1599 

2. Hugh Oge 

3. Brian 

4. Rory 

5. Gathal 

6. Thomas 



7. Cathal 

8. Murrogh 

9. Gilla na Neey 

10. Hugh 

11. Awlave 

12. Donal, vide supra 



The Chief of Map h Treagha: 



1. Gerald 1497 

2. HaghOge 



3. Hugh Mor 

4. Edmond 



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5. Mathew . 8. John 

6. Gachonacht 9. GiUa na Neer 

7. Hugh 10. Hugh 

The Chief of Clan Hugh ;* 



1. Geoffry 1465 

2. Murrogh Oig 

3. Murrogh 



4. Cathal 

5. Murrogh 

6. Gilla na Neer Fits Hugh 



1. Daniel 1497 

2. John 

3. Bryan 

4. Murrogh Oge 

5. MuiTogh Mor 



The chief of Clan Awlave. 

6. Cathal 

7. Murrogh 

8. Gillananeey 

9. Hugh 
10. Awlave 

The ffFerralh of Aroagh 



Descend from Hugh Ciabhach, son of Murtogh Carrach, lord of 

Ajinaly* 



The 0*Ferrall of Lough Gawnafrom 
Murrogh, son of John, son of 
Oonnac, son of Donal 14S5. 

The (yPerrallof Ballinamuck from 
Donal, William, and Roderick, 
Sons of John, son of Donal 1458. 

The O'Ferralls of Cloncawly from 
Brian Boy, son of John, son of 
Rory, son of Donal 1458, 

The O'Ferralls of DrumHsh from 
Bory, son of Donal, son of 
Irial, sonof John 

The OTerralls of Newtown Forbes 
from 

Bryan Oaoch, son of Donal son of 
Donal Boy, son of John 



The OTarralls of Ballinalee from 
Hugh, son of Awlave 1268. 

The O'Ferralls of Clondra from 
James, son of William son of 
Bory, son of John son of 
Cathal, son of Donal 

The O'FerraUs of Rathdine from 
CormacBallach.son of John,son of 
Fergal, son of G.na neev. son of 
Cachonnacht,son of Hugh, son of 
Hugh, son of Awlave 

TheO'Ferralla of Edgeworthstown 

from 
Lisagh, son of Thomas, son of 
Cedach/sonof Cathal, sonof 
Thomas, son of Murrogh, son of 
Cathal, son of Gilla na neev. 



^ Clan Hugh gives the inferior title of Baron to the EarU of Granard. 



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The O'Ferralls of EUlashee from 
John Roe, son of Conor, son of 
Carbry, son of Cathal, son of 
Lisagh, son of Murrogh,sonof 
Rossa, son of Gilla na neev. 

The OTerralla of Kenagh from 
Fergus, son of Lisagh, son of 
Edmond, son of Rossa. 

The O'Ferralls of Caltragh and 

Corlea from 
Siacns Cam. son of Mnrrogh son of 
Fergal, son of Gillananeey,son of 
Cathal, son of Hugh. 



The OTerralls of Longford from 

FachtnaBo7,sonof Thomasyson of 
Bryan, son of Cathal, son of 
Rory, son of Mnrrogh, son of 
Cathal, son of Gillananeev. 

The O'Ferralls of Grftnard from 
Brian & Geoffrey, 

sons of Cathal, son of 

Edmond, son of Mnrrogh, son of 
Thomas Gillananeev. 

And from 

HnghFitz l)onogh lord of Analyt 

A.D. 1228, 



Historical Notices. 

A.D. 1087. — Sitric, son of Cnsleibhe O'Ferrall, was slain 
at Corran, in a battle fought between the O'Connors and 
O^Rourkes. 

A.D. 114L — Gillananeev OTerrall, who is styled by the 
annalists '* Chief Brehon or Arbitrator of Ireland," died, 
and he was interred in the abbey of Iniscloran. 

A.D. 1148. — Donal OTerrall having with several of his 
clan conspired to murder Tiarnan O'Rourke, prince of 
Breflfhy, whom they severely wounded, was obliged to give 
that chief, in eric, or compensation, a large portion of North 
Teffia or Annaly. — JFare Annals. 

A.D. 1172.— Donal O'Ferrall, say the Annals of Inis- 
fallen, was slain in an engagement with a party of the 
English led into his country by O'Rourke of Breffny. The 
Four Masters say that he was slain by a party of the Eng- 
lish king ; and state in a second entry that the people of 
Annaly and the M'Gilligans were plundered by the sons of 
Annadh O'Rourke and the English, and that they plundered 
the country around Ardagh of bishop Mel, and slew 
Donal O'Rourke. This Donal is styled chief of the Con- 
macne. 

A.D. 1196. — Hugh OTerrall, lord of Annaly, was mur- 
dered by Sitric O'Quin, lord of Rathcline, in the county of 
Longford, now the property of Lord Annaly. 

A.D. 1248. — Gillananeev OTerrall defeated a party of 
the English commanded by Captain John Tyrrell, whom he 
slew, and returned from .the Pale with great booty. 



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A.D. 1248. — ^Tbe batUe of Moytrea was fought between 
the OTerralls and O'Quinns ; and Baghnalti the daughter 
of the O'Ferrall, died in a bath. 

A.D. 1299. --Flan OTerrall, bishop of Raphoe, died. 
This distinguished prelate was consecrated in 1275. 

A.D. 1347. — Eoghan, or Eugene, O'Ferrall, archdeacon 
of Ardagh, was consecrated bishop of that see. 

A.D. 1367.— Malachy O'Ferrall, bishop of Ardagh, " a 
man eminent for his piety, alms-deeds, humanity, and 
wisdom/' died. 

A.D. 1373.— Cathal, or Charles, O'Ferrall, a member of 
the house of Annaly, was consecrated bishop of Ardagh on 
the death of William M'Oormack, the successor of Malachy. 
A.D. 1377. — The castle of Lisardabhla, now Lisard or 
lisardowlin^ in the county of Longford, was erected by 
John O'Ferrall, lord of Annaly. 

A.D. 1378.— Cathal, or Charles, O'Ferrall (yide supra), 
bishop of Ardagh, died at Borne. This distinguished prelate 
is highly eulogised by the Four Masters. 

A.1). 1383.— John, son of Donal O'Ferrall, lord of An, 
naly, died at his newly erected castle of Lisard, and was 
interred at Leath Hatha, now Lara, or Abbeylara, in the 
parish of the same name, and barony of Granard. 

A.D. 1400.— O'Ferrall founded the Dominican abbey pf 
Longford in honor of the blessed Virgin Mary. 

A.D. 1416. — Conchobhar, or Conor, O'Ferrall, called the 
Almoner, from his extensive charities, a native of Longford, 
and a descendant of the chiefs of Annaly, was on the 22nd 
of January elected by the chapter of Ardagh. to succeed 
Adam Lyons, bishop of that see, who was burned to death 
at Bathaspuck, in Westmeath, in the month of December 
of the previous year. Conor died on the 10th of August, 
1424, and he was interred on the 14th of the same month 
in the Dominican convent at Longford. He was succeeded 
by his kinsman, Bichard O'Ferrall, who was consecrated 
on the 7th September following, and died 13th January, 
1444, after having governed the see 19 years and five 
months. This Eichsurd was the son of " the great dean," 
son of Donal, son of John Gallda O'Ferrall, by the daughter 
of Thomas Nugent, of Delvin, in the county of West- 
meath. 

A.D. 1467.— James O'Ferrall, abbot of Abbeylaja, in 
Longford ; a man distinguished for his charity and hp^^ 
pitality, died. 
8 



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A.D. 1516.— William, son of Donogk OTerrall, bishop 
of Ardagh, died. 

A.D. 1553.— Richard O'Ferrall, a member of the honao 
of Annaly, who was consecrated bishop of Ardagh in 1541, 
died this year, and was interred in the tomb of the princesi 
of Analy, in iJhe abbey of Longford. 

A.D. 1585* — The people of Annaly were represented in 
Perrott's memorable parliament, held at Dublin, by William 
O'Ferrall Ban, or the Fair, and by Fachtna O'Ferrall 
Bnidhe, or the Yellow. This Fachtna O'Ferrall, say« 
Lewis, made a formal surrender of Annaly to Elizabeth» in 
the 29th year of her reign, and in the year following ob* 
tained a re-grant, subject to the jurisdiction of the English 
law. 

A.D. 1687.— Tadg O'Ferrall, a Dominican fri^r, was 
appointed to the see of Clonfert, by Pope Sixtus V* ; he 
died at Kinsale in 1602. 

A.D. 1588.— Calfiid O'Ferrall, a Franciscan friar, suffered 
martyrdom for his fidth, at Abbeyleix, in the Queen's 
County. 

A.D. 1504.— Maguire and O'Bourke marched at the head 
of a powerful force into Atnaly, which they plundered and 
destroyed ; William O'Ferrall, lord of the county, was slain 
by Maguire on this occaaioti. 

A.D. 1641 — " From a remonstrance," says Lewis, ''pur- 
porting to be sent by the inhabitants of lionfl^ord to Lord 
Costello, to be presented by him to the JjotSb Justices iti 
Dublin, dated Kov. 10th, 1641, in which they complain of 
the grievances under which they laboured as Roman Csr* 
tholios, and petitioned for an act of oblivion and restitution^ 
Hberty of conscience in matters of religion, and a repeal el 
the statutes of Elizabeth against popery, it also appears 
that the O'Ferrall family still maintained almost the ex- 
clusive control over the country, as the 26 signatures aflixed 
to the document are all of this name. Shortly after the 
breaking, out of the war of 1641, Longford CasUe was he- 
sieged and taken by the Iridh for the O'Ferralls, and the 
garrison put to the sword, notwithstanding it had sur- 
rendered on promise of quarter. Castle Forbes, the only 
other fortress in the country, held for the government, also 
fell into the power of the insurgents. But the ultimate 
triumph of Orom well's forces entirely reversed the. fate of 
the country, and the O'Ferralls lost both their iwroperty 
and influence, which have since been vested in various other 



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bands." Castle Forbes, above mentioned, derives its namo 
jfrom tbe Forbeses, earls of Qranard, a family of Scotch 
extraction, descended Irom the Hon. Patrick Forbes of 
Oorsse, son of James, Lord Forbes, by his wife, the lady 
%idia, daughter of William Keith, Barl Marshal of Scot- 
laud, through the distinguished Sir Arthur Forbes, to whom 
KiDff James I. granted an estate of 1268 acres in the parish 
of CTongish, barony of Longford, which were created into 
the manor of Newtown Forbes, with the privilege of a 
market and fair, but these have been discontinued. Castle 
Forbes sustained a severe siege in 1641, having been at- 
tacked by 500 insurgents; it was bravely defended for 
some days by Sir Arthur's widow, aided by her faithful 
tenantry, but they were at length obliged to capitulate for 
want of supplies. It wasupon Sir Atthur's granddaughter, 
the lady Catherine P'orbes, daughter of Arthur, first earl 
of Granard, and wife of Arthur, third earl of Donegal, that 
the witty dean of St. Patrick's, Swift, wrote the following 
lines :-^ 

Unerring heaven with bonntdoas hand 
Has formed a model for yoar land, 
, Whom lore endowed wkh every grace. 
The glory of the Granard race ; 
Now destined by the powers divine. 
The blessing of another line. 
Then would yon paint a matchless dame. 
Whom yon'd consign to endless fame. 
Invoke not Cytherea's aid, 
Nor borrow from the blue-eyed maid j 
Nor need you on the Graces call f 
Take qualities from Donegal. 

A.D. 165L— Laurence 0*Ferrall, and Bernard O'Ferrall, 
Dominican Priors of the Abbey of Longford, sufiered nw- 
tyrdom for their faith. 

A.D. 1664.— Christopher O'Ferrall, a native ot West- 
meath, an alumnus of Louvain, and a Dominiean friw of 
the convent of Dublin, was imprisoned in that city for 
maintaining the supremacy of the Holy See. Of this family 
was Boger OTerrall, the compiler of the " Linea Antiqua," 
the original of which is in the possession (rf Sir Bernard 
Burke, Ulster King of Arms. One of the chief represen- 
tatives of this once illustrious family is the Right Hon* 
Bichard More OTerrall, of Ballyna bouse, Co. Rildare, 



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who IB the son of Ambrosei son of Richard, son of Ambrose. 
Bichard, son of Ambrose, married Lady Letitia More, a 
descendant of the celebrated Anthony O'More, lord 
of Leix, by which marriage, his son Ambrose, and 
grandson, the present " O'Ferrall," became the representa- 
tives of the house of O'More. 

Arms — Vert a lion rampant or. 

Crest — On a ducal coronet a greyhound courant, with a 
broken chain to the collar round his neck, over that a 
regal crown, ppr 

Motto — Bhris me mo moghrim — I have broken my 
hold. 

THE CLAN CONMAC— O'RODDT. 

The O'Bodachans, or O'Bodachaes, Anglice Bedington 
and Roddy, deduce their descent and surname from Roda- 
chan, son of Naradach, of the race of Gonmac, son of Fer- 

SIS, as appears from the following pedigree of Tadg 
'Roddy, of Fenagh, in the county of Leitrim, which is 
* preserved in the " Book of St. Cdllin," commonly called 
the Book of Fenagh. This Tadg O'Body, who was an ex- 
cellent Irish Antiquary, and representative of the Comor- 
bas of St. Caillin, died at an advanced age in 1704. 

1. Tadg O'Roddy bom 1533 23. Maolmnire 

2. Garrett Og 1609 24. Gilla losa 

8. Tadg 1678 25. MulvihiU 

4. Gairett 1547 26. Feach 

5. Tadg 1516 27. Maol losa 

6. Tadg 1487 28. Gillacrom 

7. William 1458 29. Goinegan 
.8. Tadg 1427 ob. 1497 80. Gilla Caillin 

9. William 1897 31. Ardgamh 

10. Mathew 1368 82. Alastrom 

1 1. Robert 1840 SB. Mnlinfind 

12. Senaimh 1314 84. Bodachae aqao 

13. Lacais 1287 85. Naradach 

14. Gmananeeyl259ob.l83l 86. FiUidh 

15. Ele, or Oele 1281 37. Oncbon 

16. Gilla naneey 1200 ob. 1255 88. Mnloga 

17. Eighnig 89. Findfir 

18. GiUananeer 40. Ooscridh 

19. Gillabhaig 41. Ceachd 

20. Bonn 42. Gaire 

21. Aedha 43. Ercdail 

22. Mulvihill 44. Echd 



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45. Diibh 58. Airtrf 

46. Meadhniadh 59. Alta 

47. Nearta 60. Ogamhan 

48. Foirnearta 61. Fiocaire 

49. Sasaimh 62. Doirbre 

50. Uisle 63. Eana 

51. Belradh 64. Ceadgaine Galasadh 
.52. Beibheidh 65. Measamham 

53. Lnghaidh 66. Mogh Toit 

54. Oirbreanain 67. Conmac 

55. Ealanain 68. Fergus born A.M. 3414 

56. Segda 69. Bosa 

57. Boigne 70. Roiy the Great 

St. Caillin who was of this familji was the son of 

1. Machach, son of 8. Fraoch 

2. Dnbham, son of 4. Cascridh (40) 

The comorbship of Fena^h was hereditary in the 
O'Koddys, and Tadg O'Rodcfy, the chief representative of 
the sept in the beginning of the 18th century, possessed 
several remarkable relics belonging to the family^ such as 
bellsi battlers, br^tths, and Ancient Irish Manuscripts. 
The sacred beU called Clog-na-righ or "Bell of the Kinffs," 
said to have been presented by St. Columbkille to St. GaUin, 
and a vellum manuscript once in the possession of Tadg 
O'Roddy, is still preserved at Fenagh. There is an old copy 
of this manuscript in the library of the British Museum ; 
one in the library of the Eoy al Insh Academy ; and another 
among the MS. collection of the late Dr. Murphy in the 
B. G. GoUege of Maynooth. A branch of these O'Boda- 
chans is now represented by the Bedingtons of Kilcornan 
and Dangan in the county of Galway^ the descendants of 
Thomas Kodachan Esq., of Gregana Castle, near Oranmore, 
where the founder of these families settled sometime in 
the 17th century: some writers are of opinion that the 
Bedingtons of KUcoman and Dangan descend from an 
English gentleman who obtained a grant of lands in Gre- 
gana during the protectorate of Oliver Gromwell, but local 
Senachies and tradition agree that they deduce their descent 
from a scion of the house of Fenagh, in the county of 
Leitrim, who settled in the parish of Ballinacourty in the 
county of Galway in or about A.D. 1624, and soon after- 
wards purchased the castle and lands of Gregana, whence 
his grandson Thomas Bedington removed to Kilcornan on 



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hiA marriage with the daughter and heiresd of Ohrktopli^ 
Burke, of Kilcoman HousOi the great grandson of the 
celebrated Nora-an-OuTerwLBurc. The present chief of 
Kilcoman (a minor) is the son of the late Sir Thomas Nieholas 
Kedington who was the son of ChristophCT, by his wife 
Frances, daughter of Henry Dowell, Esq., of Cadiiz, son of 
Thomas, son of Thomas Bedinff ton of Gregsna, by his wife 
Sarah, the danghterof Christopher Burke, above mentioned. 
The ruins of the old castle of Cregana, which is celebrated 
in the fairy lore of Glanricarde, may be seen on the right 
of the road leading from Oranmore to Clarinbridge, The' 
old abbey of Ballinacourty is the burial-place of the Bed^ 
ingtons of Ealcornan. 

Arms (of the Kilcoman 9odDangan&miIies) — ^pec chev- 
ron in chief two demi-lions rampant, and a mullet in basa 

Crest — A lioa rampant. 

Motto — Pro rege ssepe — pro patria semper. 

M'FINVAR OB C ATNOB (Clak Conmac). 

The M^Fionnbhairs, Unvars, or Gaynors as the namie U 
now generally Anglicised, deduce their descent from Elonn- 
bhair, of the race of Fergns MObloy, son of Bosa Boet, as 
appears from the following pedigtee of Jan^s MacFfnyar, 
who died 1792: 

1. James, son of 14. G^a na neer^ son of 

2, Conoac, son of 15. Dermod 

8. Peter> son of 16. Gormghiall 

4. Rory, son of 17. AmhaJgiadh 



'5. P«ter, son of 18. 

6. James, son of 19. Tadg 

7. Connac, son of 20. Dondiadh 

8. Peter, son of 21. Hugh 

9. Felim, son of 22: Sithfitkach 

10. Cwbiy, son of 23. Finrar^ aqWjtf acFinva* son of 

11. Cftthal, son of 24. Oorm^iall, son of 
12.. Cncbonacht, son of 25« Geradban aqua M.6. 
13* Gorm^iall, son of 

The lands belonging to the MacFionnbhairs were called 
Mninter Geradhan, which was the tribe name of the sept. 
Muinter Geradhan was a territory in the present county of 
Longford forming theNorthem half of the barony of Qranard^ 
and extending from the Northern shores of Lough Gawna 
and Edenmore-Hill to the counties of Leitrim and Cavan. 
The Ibllowing were the most distinguished members of thki 
family : 



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71 

Hugh, sluQ A J). 1060 AindUiii, died lSi<3 

Donald slain 1156 Aomhlaobb, slain 1323 

Several families of this name are to be met with at the 
nresent day in the comities of Galway, Boscon(imoni and 
Leitrim. 

M'GOSMICE (Clan Ookmac.) 

The M'Cormaicis or Cormacks, deduce their descent from 
a member of the house of O'Ferrall of Annalyor Longford, 
and they were formerly chiefe of Oorcard, in that county. 
The following notices of the sept are collected from the 
Annals of the Four Masters and other sources ; A.D. 1175 
Gilla Donal M^Cormac, bishop of Ulidia (Down)^ died. 
A.D. 1342 Fergal, son of Gilla Chroist Fionn MacOormac, 
bishop of Ardagh^ a wise and pious man, died. A.D. 1415 
John M'Cormac, of the house Corcard, was appointed to 
the See of Baphoe ; he died 1419. A.D. 1431 Gillapatrick 
MacGormac of Fermanagh^ chief of his name^ and Murtogh 
son of Philip MacCormaCi were slain by Donogh Mac 
Gormac and nis people. A.D. 1515 Menma MacCormaCi 
bishop of Baphoe, died. 

M^DOECHTS (Clan Conmac.) 

The MacDarchaidhs, Dorchys, or Darcys as the name is 
now Anglicised, derive their descent from Luchain, or 
Duchain, otherwise Dubhchain, of the race of Fergus 
M'Boy. According to John O'Dugan and the Four Mas- 
ters, the M'Dorchys were chief the country denominated 
Ginel Luachain, which waa co-extensive with the parish of 
Oughteragh in the barony of Carrigallen, and county of 
Leitrim, containing about 16,000 statute acres, watered by 
the Oughterach stream. By O'Dugftu they are thus men- 
tioned : 

<' M'Dorchji whose tribe is not enslaved. 
Boles over the hfiroic Cinel Luachain.'' 

The following were the most distinguished members of this 
sept :— 

Connor, slain 1277 Raghnalt, wife of M*D. died 1381 

Fergal, died 1310 Tomaltach, died 1384 

* Donal, died 1341 Tomaltach Oge, sldn 1403. 

GioUa Caech, died 1349 This was^ the last chief of Cioel 

Hugh, fl. 1360 Luachain. 
Thomas, slain 1380 



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72 

M^BAGHNALL or B^ynolDs* 

(The Mac Baghnalls, BannallB^ orBeynolds, as tbenftme 
{a now generally Anglicised, derive their descent and sur- 
bame from Baghnalli son of Muirceardoig Maol of the race 
of Conmac, son of Fergus, as may be seen by the following 
pedigree of John Off Mac Bannall, who was chief of Im 
name during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell^ ac- 
cording to a marginal note in the " Book of St. Gaillen/' 
commonly called the " Book of Fenagh/' 

lis. John Oge, son of 

112; Eoghan 

111. John 

110. Eoghan 

109. Thomas 

108. WiUiam, 1468 

107. Ir 

106. Oathal Boe. 1401 

105. Tadg 

104. Ivar 

103. Raghnall 

102. Gathal Mor 

101. Muircheardoig 

100. Raghnall 

99. Fergal 

98. Ivar 

97. Eaghnall 

96. Muircheardoig 

95. Ivar-dnbh 

94. Mnhoonj 

93. flann 

92. Mnldoon 

91. Maolmnire 

90. Eolos, a quo M. £. 

89. Biobhsaigh 

88. Cromain 

87. Mairdne 

86. Fiodh 

85. Finn 

84. Nedhd 

83. Ouchon 

82. Finloga 

Accordic^ to the ''Book of Fenagh/' St. Caillen obtained 
from Ferma, prince of Brefihy, and the common ancestor 
of the CRourkes and O'Biellys, the territory of Magh- 



81. Finfir 

80. Cnmascagh 

79. Cecht 

78. Ere 

77. Erecbtdal 

76. Dubh 

75. Mnllroony 

74. Nearta 

73. Finearta 

72. Echt 

71. Uisle 

70. Beire 

69. Beadhbha 

68. Lugh^dh 

67. Nebsin 

66. Eitne 

65. Sedha 

64. Gaint 

63. Alia 

62. Ogamhain 

61. Fiachra 

60. Dailbhe 

59. lonadh 

58. Galas 

57. Mochta 

56. Measumhain 

55. Mogha 

54. Gonmac 

53. Fergus 

52. Rossa 

51. Boiy the Great 



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^in for the Gonmacs, and this sept, in coDsideration o^ 
the benefits conferred upon them, promised dnes to St. 
Gaillen, and to his successors in Fenagh, which dues were 
punctually paid, and are particularized in the " Book of 
Fenagh,'' as are the lands with which this celebrated esta* 
blishment was endowed by the grateful Conmacs. The 
sainted Caillen ordered that the Conmacs should be buried 
in Fenagh, and threatened them with his curse if they 
should be buried in any other church, and those that should 
abandon it with plague, pestilence, disease, and war. That 
the religious establishment of Fenagh was of great exent in 
early times would appear from a saying ascribed to St. 
Columbkille, viz., that twelve hundred saints or holy per- 
sons lived in it during the lifetime of St. GaiUen. An ac- 
count of the riffhts, privileges, and revenues with which 
Hugh Finn, or Hugh the Fair, prince of Brefihy, endowed 
this establishment is to be found in the Book of St. Caillen. 
Conal Gulban gave grants to Fenagh, which were confirmed 
by his great-grandson, the sainted Columbkille, who gave 
Caillen the Cathach, or battler, and the " Quadruple Book'* 
which he wrote " with his own hand," with prayers and 
blessings on his church of Fenagh, and curses on any of the 
Conmacs who should abandon Fenagh and ^o to any other 
church. ColumbkiUe foretold that an Insh- Englishman 
would destroy Fenagh ; and it would appear from a mar- 
ginal note in the Book of St. Caillen that Tadg O'Roddy 
felt satisfied John Oge M'Bannall, whose pedigree is given 
above, was the person destined to fulfil the prophecy, and 
tiiough he does not state his conviction, he is at some pains 
to make his readers believe John Oge was the Anglo-Irish- 
man spoken of by St. Columbkille, for he informs us that 
John's father was a true Gael (Fior Gaodhal), and that his 
mother, Russell, (Ruisel), was an English lady (Bean 
Gallda) ; and that he (John) was the first to bring the Eng- 
lish to Fenagh during the Gromwellian wars; that it was 
at his invitation and advice they came hither, and that he 
afterwards regrettedhaving invited them to settle in Muinter 
Eolus. St. Caillen, who was the patron saint of the Con- 
macnacians of Moy-Rein, died at an advanced age, and 
was buried in the church of St. Mocholmog, otherwise St. 
Pulcherius, but his relics were removed to Dun-Baile or 
Fenagh by tie Conmacs, after the space of twelve years, 
and re-interred with great solemnity under the great altar. 
The M'Raghnalls were chiefs of Muinter Eolus, otherwise 



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74 



Coimiftciie of Magh Bein, on exteosive territory comi»rialng 
tho whole cpantry formiQg the preseDt baronies of MofaHl, 
lieitrim^ and Carngallea, in the coiinty of Leitrim, together 
with the district coutaiaed in the parish of Killoe, in the 
county of Longford. 

Pedigrees qf the principal branches of the WBoffhnail 

Family. 



1. Bi^^$il and Conors sons of 

2. Catkal Moi^ son of 
8. Mfurcheftrdoig, «oa of 

4. BaghnftU, son ,of 

5. Fergal) son of Ivar Fitz 

BaghnaH 

1; Oathal, Ivar, William, aUd 

Mahon^ 
fi. Baghnail, don of 
2. CaUial Mwe, (vidd supra) 

1. Tadg, Dcrmod, Geofiy, Fer- 
gil, Edmand, MelaghMn Oge, 
and Huglii sons of 

2. Ivar, son of 

3. BaglmailyBonof CadialMofe 

1; Oathal Oge, son of 
. 2. Catbal, son of 
8. Raghnail, son of Oathal More 

L Oathsd Roe, Hnrcbadh, Manns 

Richard, sons of 
2. Tadg, son of Irar, son of 

4. Raghnail^ son of Oathal More 

1. Fergal and Anthonj, sons of 

2. Marchadh,sonofTadg,sonof 
4. Ivar, son of Rai^ail, son of 
6. Oathal More 

1. Oathal, sonofAnthony, son of 
8. Morchadb, son of Tadg 

1. Ivar, son of Edmond, son of 

3. lyar, son of Raghnail, son of 
b. Oathsd More 



1. Dennod dnbh, son of 

2. Melaghlin Oge, son of 

3* Ivar, son of Ragbnail, son Of 
4. Cathal Moi^ 

1. Ixj Oonor, Brian, Rorj, Mol- 

roonj, and Cathal Oge, sons 
of 

2. Oathal Roe, son of Tadg, son 
of Ivar 

1. William, Dennod, fioghan, 

and Manas, sons of 

2. Ir^ son of Oathid Roe 

1. Eoghan, Oharles, and Thos., 
sons of 

2. John, son of Eoghan, son of 
4. Thomas, son of WiUiam, son 

of 
6. Ir, son of Cathal Roe 

1. Brian and Malachy, sons of 

2. Dennod, son of Ir, son of 

Cathal Roe 

1. Edmond, lord of Qan-Bi- 
bacht, and Mokooney, eonsof 

2. Conor, son ci Cathal Roe. 

1. Felim and Hnbert, sons of 
2* Molrooney, aoa of Conor 

1. Cathal, son of Conor, son of 

2. Felim, son of Mulroonj 

1. Tadg and Conor, sons of 

2. Cathal Oge, son of Cathal Roe 



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76 



Ik ConoJ^ Malach/, and Brian, 
soDB of Tadgf son of Gathal 
Oge 

1: Tadg and Hubert, sons ot 
2. Conor, son of Cadial Oge 

1. Conor, Oathal, Hugh, Brian, 



Manns, £o|^an, and Conn, 

sons of 
2. Cathal son of Hngb, son of 
4. Matha, son of Conor, son of 
6. Gathal More 

1. Mnrrogh, son of 

2. Tadg, son of Oathal Oge. 



A Ziat of the Chief taim of Muinter-JEolus concerned in the 
Rebellion of 1641 :— 



1. Brian M'Rannal, of Carrig- 

alien, gent. 

2. Cabir M'Daniel Oge, of Mo- 
htll, gent. 

8. Edmond M'Raghnal, gent. 

4. Edmond M'Turlogh M*Ran- 

nal rfreeholder), of the baro- 
ny of Lehrim 

5. Feardorcha M'Baghnail, of 

Kiltoghart 

6. Geoffi70geM<Ragbnail,gent. 

7. Geoffiy M'Rannal, of Dnun- 

reilly 
S. Henry M'Bannall, of Cloon 

9. Henry M'Rannal, of Mobill, 

with his two sons 



10. Henry Oge MTheIimM'Ban« 
nai, gent. 

11. Henry M'Rannal, gent. 

12. Henry M'Rannal, of Ann»- 

daff, gent. 

13. IrM'RannaI,ofSmdhebreao,gt 

14. James M^Bannal, of Ballina* 
UKMre 

15. James M'Rannal, of Dnunsna 

16. Morrogh Oge Fitz Mnrrogh 
M'Rannal, of Cloon 

17. Thomas M'Eaghnail, gent. 

18. Torlogh M'Rannal, of Kilto- 
brid 

19. Ivar M'Rannal, of Dmmod 

20. James M'Rannal, of James** 

town. 



iineape of Thomas and John JReynolds of Dublin. 

TbomaB, son of John, son of Eogban, eon of Thomas, son 
of William, son of Ir, son of Cathal Roe (1401), of the 
pedigree, had two sons, viz., Ivar, of Cloon, and Henry, 
called of Annaghduff, above mentioned, who was bom about 
1610. Henry had a son, Thomas, who had a son George, 
whose son — M*Kannal of Corduff was bom circiter 1707. 
The second son of this Thomas was the father of Dr. 
Beynolds, the friend and fellow patriot of Theobald Wolfe 
Tone, who, in consequence of being implicated in the affair 
of Cockayne and Jackson in 1794, fled to America, and 
settled in Philadelphia where he died about 1818. Mac 
Rannal of Corduff had three sons, namely, Charles, pro- 
prietor of Esker-Each and Esker-na43oille, who left issue, 
Brian, Harry, and George ; Ignatius who lived in Spain 
for a considerable time, and died sine prole; and Laurence 



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76 

of Oonboliny, born Circ, 1737, who left aix sons, namely, 
Henrv, born 1767 ; Marks ; Edmond ; John; Patrick ; and 
Charles^ whose son, Harry, purchased a commission in the 
Queen's Boyals in 1825, out of which he ezchanffed into 
the 58th foot ; he died of apoplexy at Shomcliffe Camp in 
1859, leaving issue. Henry the eldest of these brothers, 
the lineal descendant of Gaibal Boe M'Bannal, lord of 
Muinter Eolus, married Margaret, daughter of Richard 
Bulkely, Esq. M.D., Nenagh, and left issue ; Thomas 
Bevnolds Esq. Marshal of Dublin, bom Jan. 20th, 1793 ; 
Alderman John Beynolds J.P., M.P., ex- Lord Mayor of 
Dublin, bom 1797 ; and Henry Beynolds, Esq., bora 
1799. 

lAneage oftheM'Rannals of Lough- 8eur, otherwise Letter' 
Jine, represented in 1641 by Humphrey Reynolds, Esq* 
(Vide Books of Depositions, Trin. Coll} 

Sixth in direct descent from Humphrey Beynolds of 
Lough- Scur who flourished 1641, was George Reynolds 
Esq., who was shot on the lands of Drynaun, near Shee- 
more, in the Co. of Leitrim, on the 16th day of October, 
1786, by Mr. Bobert Keon, of the same county, an attorney, 
who was tried for murder, found guilty, and executed on 
the 16th of Febraary, 1788. Mr. Beynolds left issue, 
George Nugent Beynolds, who died issueless in 1802; 
Mary Anne, who married twice, first Colonel Peyton, by 
whom she had a son, Beynolds Peyton, Esq., who was the 
father of the present Bichard Beynolds Peyton, Esq. of 
Letterfine House, otherwise Lough- Scur ; and secondly. 
Captain Bichard M'Namara, brother to the celebrated 
Major of that name ; Bridget, who married Bichard Young 
Beynolds, of Fort-Lodge, in the Co. of Cavan. Mrs. Mac 
Namara had, besides the father of the present owner of 
Letterfine, a daughter Jane, who is married to Walter Lam- 
bert, Esq., of the Co. of Galway, descended from one of 
the oldest Anglo-Norman families in that county. 

The *' Mac Baghnails" or chiefs of Muinter Eolus, from 
A.D. 1150 to A.D. 1492. 

Conor, died 1150 Raghnial, deposed 1317 

M'Raghnal, fl. 1184 Raghnail Oge, slain 1324 

Mnrrogh Boe, slam 1196 Ivar, slain 1326 

Oathal, died 1265 Ivar, slain 1328 

Fergal, slain 1305 Cathal, slain 1337 

Mahon, slain 1315 Cathal M*lyar, slain 1353 



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77 

Comnac, alam 1355 Cathal Oge, died 1468 

Malachy, died 1366 Tadg, died 1468 

Dermod M.R. Dabh, died 1374 Fergal, slain 1473 

Cathal Roe, slain 1401 Tadg, slain 1473 

Raghnail, died 1410 Fitz Mnrrogh & Malacbj, fl. 1468 

Cmnascragh, died 1410 William, fl. 1492 

The present representative of the chiefs of Lough Scur, 
in the female line, is Kichard Reynolds Peyton, Esq., of 
Letterfine House, in the county of Leitrim, a worthy repre- 
sentative of the hospitable Humphrey Mor. 

Historical Notices. 

A.D, 1150.— Conor M'Eannal, lord of Muinter-Eolus, 
was slain by the son of Tiaman O'Rourke. 

A.D. 1184. — M'Rannal slew Awlave, son of Pergal 
O'Rourke, prince of Breffny, 

A.D. 1176. — The chiefs of Muinter-Eolus were slain by 
the sons of Cathal O'Rourke ; and Muireadhach M'Rannal, 
commonly called the GioU-Ruadh, chief of Muinter-Eolus, 
was slain by the son of Manus O'Connor, at the instigation 
of the son of Cathal O'Rourke. 

A.D. 1223. — Breffny O'Rourke was plundered by the 
MacRannals. 

A.D. 1238 Cathal M'Rannal, lord of Muinter-Eolus, 

aided in the devastation of Moylurg ; but Donogh Ktz- 
Murtogh M'Dermott entered Muinter-Eolus soon afterwards 
and slew a great number of the inhabitants, including several 
chiefs of the M'Rannals. 

A.D. 1355,— Cormac M'Rannal, chief of Muinter-Eolus, 
was slain by the sons of Ivar M'Rannal ; and in the year 
following, Fergal, son of Geoffry M'Rannal, primate of Ar- 
magh, died : by Ware and others, the archbishop of Armagh, 
at this time, is incorrectly called Richard FitzRalph. 

A.D. 1405. — Richard M'Rannal, the intended lord of 
Muinter-Eolus, died from the eflfects of drink. In M*Geo- 
ghegan's translation of the book of Clonmacnoise, his death 
is recorded as follows : — " Richard Magranell, chieftain of 
Moynterolus, died at Christmas, by taking a surfeit of aqua 
vitae," [uiscce-beatha, or poteen whiskey.] ** Mine author 
sayeth that it was not aqua vitae to him but aqua mortis." 
Uisce-beatha, anglice usquebaugh, literally signifies the 
'^waterof life." 



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78 

A.D. 146S.— Conor, son of Cathal Boe M'Batmal, lord 
of the Glan-Bibaebt, died. 

A.D. 1468.-^Gathal Oge, eon of Catlial Boe, dole chief 
of Muinter-Eolus, died, and his son, Ttadg M'Rannal, mtbiA 
appointed to sncceed him, whereupon mlliam M'Bannal 
was nominated chief of the clan Malachy. 

A.D. I486.— Fergal, son of Bobert M*Eannal, prior of 
Moghill, died. 

A.D. I486.— Tadff, son of Cathal Oge, son of Cathal 
Boe M'Bannal, chief of Mninter-Eolus, died, and was buried 
at Fenagh. 

A.D. 1486. — John M*Rannal, son of the prior of Mohill, 
died, and was interred at Mohill. He left a son Gillchreest. ' 

A.D. 1490.— Bryan M'Eannal, son of Tadg, son of Ca- 
thai Oge, was slain by his cousin Tadg, son of Conor, Son 
of Cathal Oge, assisted by the sons of Malachy, who were 
foster brothers of his father. Hoberd, son of Tadg, took 
possession of the castle immediately after the murder of 
his father, and slew Cathal, one of the sons of Malachy,^ 
who fell into his hands, in revenge of his parent's death. 

A.D. 1492. — Hobert M'EannaJ, son of Mulroony, heir 
to the chieftaincy, was slain by the tribe of Cathsu Oge. 
William M'Rannal, son of Ir, was nominated '^the Mac 
Bannal,'* in opposition to Malachy, son of William, who 
was in the chieftaincy a considerable time. 

A.D. 1503. — Felim, son of Mulroony M'Rannal, heir to 
the chieftaincy of his own tribe, died. His tomb may be 
seen in the Church of Fenagh. 

A.D. 1535.— M'Eannal, archdeacon of Kells, in Kil- 
^ kenny, was deputed by Silken Thomas, son of Gerald Oge, 
Earl of Kildare, and lord justice of Ireland, to seek from 
Pope Urban VIII. and from Charles V., Emperor of Ger- 
many, aid in arms, men, and money, for the expulsion of 
the English out of Ireland. 

A.D. 1541.— Tadg MacRannall, a native of the barony 
of Leitrim, in the county of that name, was consecrated 
bishop of Kildare, on the 15th of November. 

A.D. 1670.— "The castle of the island" of Lough-Scur 
was erected by John, eon of Humphrey Reynolds, and 
about the same time another castle was built by the Mac 
Bannals at Rinn, or Rhynn, in the parish of Cloon, and 
barony of Carrigallen, near the site of which the Earl of 
Leitrim has erected a very handsome residence. '* The 
eastle of the island'' was the scene of a dreadful maseacre 



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of th^ leading chiefs of Muinter Eoltts, in the reign of 
Elizabeth. The principal members of the sept were invited 
to an entertainment by John M'Bannal, bnt they had no 
sooner laid aside their arms than they were set npon by a 
band of ruffians commissioned to assassinate them and in- 
humanly butchered. This John M'Bannal was a captain 
in the Elizabethan army, and the first of the chieftains of 
Muinter Eolus who conformed to the Established Church. 
He was well known as Seaghan Na-g-Ceann, or John of 
the Heads, a cognomen which he derived from being the 
Cosby of the tragic story above related. Amongst other 
events connected ¥nth £ough Scur may be mentioned the 
capture of the four sons of Cathal, son of the Gaoch or 
Bund M^Eannal by their kinsman Conor M'fiannal, by 
whose brother Tomaltach they were conveyed to Caisol 
Cosgridh where they were put death. The exact situation 
of Uaisol Gosgridh cannot now be ascertained : the nune 
signifies the leaeht or monument of Guscridh, a remote 
ancestor of the O'Boddys of Fenagh. 

A.D. 1646.— Bxyan M^Rannal, who was chief of his 
name^ established his right to a place of interment in the 
cemetery of Kings in the Church of St Giaran of Glon- 
jnacnoise ; and his kinsman Charies M'Bannal of James- 
town, sat amongst the Catholic Confederate leaders at Kil- 
kenny. 

A.D. 1654. — Commissary General Reynolds, who, it is 
conjectured, was a eadet of the house of Magh Rein, was 
one of the three representatives for the counties of Tip- 
perary and Waterford, and one of the two for the county 
and town of Qalway in the parliament of the Common- 
wealth, convened by orders of Cromwell, July 4th, 1664. 

A.D. 1688-9. — Edmond Reynolds, Esq., represented 
the county of Leityim in Eong James' parliament. 

A branch of the Mohill family settled in Eildare temp. 
Eliz. from which branch sprung Mr. Michael Reynolds, 
who in 1798, commanded the men of Kildare in their 
attack upon the military barracks of Naas. 

Of this sept was Thomas Reynolds, commonly called the 
Informer, who was bom in 1771,in theCityof Dublin, where 
he became an extensive silk manu&cturer. In 1793 he 
became a member of the Irish Catholic Convention, com- 
posed of delegates from the principal towns in Ireland, 
formed for the purpose of obtaining a reform in the legis- 
lature; and on the 4th Feb. 1797, he joined the Society of 



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80 . 

United Irishmen, taking the oath at the hands of Oliyer 
Bond, at his own residence in Dublin. It was about this 
time he settled at Eilkea Castle, in the county of Eoldare, 
which be held on lease from the Duke of Leinster, between 
whom and Reynolds some relationship existed. In the 
month of November of this year, upon the temporary re- 
tirement of Lord Edward Fitzgerald, who had been sus- 
pected by the Government of being taking a very active 
part in the affairs of the Union, Reynolds, after much 
solicitation, was prevailed upon by Lord Edward to allow 
himself to be elected colonel for the barony of Kilkea and 
Moone, and Treasurer for the county of Eildare; but 
on entering upon the perilous duties of his new and re- 
sponsible office be was startled at the schemes of the United 
Irishmen, into whose secrets he had been initiated at a 
meeting held at Nineteen-Mile-House, in the county of 
Kildare, on the 18th of Feb. 1798, by Cummins and Daly, 
two provincial delegates who were conversant with the 
plans of the higher authorities* By these officers he was 
informed that the long-promised succours from France 
were hourly expected ; that the people were ripe for revolt, 
and impatient to measure arms with their oppressors ; and 
that it became necessary to seize on the chief members 
of the government by the exercise of projects designed by 
the directory, which he would be commissioned to put into 
immediate execution in conjunction with other general 
officers of the Union ; and that the practicability of the 
Directory's plans and other important matters would be 
discussed on the day following. Reynolds became alarmed 
at the perilous position in which he found himself, and 
knew not what to do. " Admitted/' says Mr. Harwood, 
" into dangerous con'fidences which he had not sought; im- 
plicated — unwittingly, reluctantly, yet as it seemed 
irrevocably— -in a confederacy whose true nature and full 
extent were now, for. the first time, disclosed to him ; made 
the depository of secrets which it were at once shameful to 
betray, and perilous to keep ; affected both legally and 
morally with'a guilty knowledge of schemes whichhe utterly 
disapproved ; — his position was one of infinite perplexity 
and hazard. He could not betray the conspirators who 
had trusted him as one of themselves — he must not allow 
the conspiracy to go on ; yet how check it, without be- 
trayal? It was as entangled a case of conscience as ever 
man had to solve. If Reynolds did not find the true 



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81 

solution, allowance may, perhaps, be made for a young 
man in his twenty-seventh year, affluent, well-connected, 
a husband and a father — surrounded with all the domestic 
and social circumstances that make martyrdom painful.'^*^ 
On the ySth of Feb. Reynolds having met with Mr. Cop© 
of Dublin, who was high in favour with the government, 
iie disclosed to him, as the friend of his family, the pro^ 
,ects of the United Irishmen, on the express condition that 
' lis name should not be made known to the Castle author- 
: ties, declaring at the same time that the information which 
le was giving came from a third party whose name he was 
not at liberty to mention, and that he was in no way con- 
cerned himself. Cope was not slow in communicating th« 
information he received to the heads of the administration 
at the Castle, and immediate steps were taken for the arrest 
of the parties who should attend the meeting at Bond's, 
which was fixed for Monday, the 12th of March. On this 
day a party of military commanded by a general officer 
who was furnished with blank warrants, signed by a Magis- 
trate, searched the meeting-house and arrested Oliver Bond 
and thirteen delegates of the Leinster Provincial Committee, 
with all their papers ; and in the evening of the same day 
Emmet and M'Nevin were arrested at their respective 
residences and committed to Newgate. Reynolds called on 
Lord Edward Fitzgerald on the day before the arrests at 
Bond's, and informed him that the chief members of the 

government had a knowledge that the meeting was to be 
eld on the appointed day, and begged of him not to attend ; 
Lord Edward stayed away accordingly, and like another 
Monteagle escaped the fate which seemed to await him. 
On the 14th he called, by desire, on Lord Edward, in his 
place of concealment in A^ungier street, and upon the latter 
telling him that he had neither arms to protect himself 
whilst *' on his keeping," nor money whereby he might 
effect his escape, Reynolds called at his bankers, and on 
the following day he brought the illustrious refugee a case 
of pistols and fifty guineas. On the 18th Reynolds attended 
a meeting held at Bell's house, on the Curragh of Kildare, 
at which some members expressed their determination to 
have all the officers then serving on county committees 
changed, as they were the only parties entrusted with the 
secrets of the Directory who were likely to have given the 

• History of the Irish Bebellion of 1798. 
6 



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government the infonnation which they possessed, A pro- 
position to this effect was put by one of the members and 
seconded by Reynolds on whom suspicion was now fixed, 
and being carried, the seats hitherto occupied by the officers 
of the county committees were declared vacant. 

''Reynolds," says the impartial Harwood, *' was now 
preparing to leave the country — but it was not in his power. 
His former associates were bent on the destruction of the 
man whom they suspected of having betrayed them ; and 
the government, ignorant that he was the source of the 
intelligence communicated through Cope, persecuted him 
mercilessly, as a man known to be of liberal politics, 
proved to possess influence with the Catholic peasantry, 
reputed to be a leader among the United Irishmen, and 
suspected as a relation of the Fitzgeralds. On the 20th of 
April, for which day he had invited a party of friends to a 
farewell dinner, Colonel Campbell, commander of the Athy 
district, sent a troop of the 9th Dragoons and a company 
of the Cork Militia— in all 200men and 86 horses— to live at 
Kilkea Castle at free quarters. They tore up the floors, 
tore down the wainscots and ceilings, and broke into the 
walls, in search of arms and ammunition ; flogged the old 
steward till he was insensible, to make him confess where 
they were concealed ; hacked the mahogany tables, smashed 
the pier glasses, demolished the pianofortes, made targets 
of the paintings, and inundated seventy acres of land by 
opening the sluices of a river. At the end of nine days 
they left the castle a wreck, the stone walls excepted. It 
remained an uninhabitable ruin for years. 

" Between the middle of April and the 8rd of May, 
Reynolds had three narrow escapes from assassination at 
the hands of the United Irishmen. 

" On the 5th of May, five of his captains lodged infor- 
mation before Colonel Campbell against Reynolds, as a 
colonel in their system. He was arrested at Kilkea by a 
party of dragoons, and taken to Athy, to be tried at head 
quarters by martial law. From the short and sharp fate 
then usually consequent on martial law trials he saved 
himself with great difficulty, by making representations of 
his case to Colonel Campbell; which induced that officer to 
stay proceedings for a Jew hours, and send to Dublin for 
instructions. A note from Reynolds to Mr. Cope was per- 
mitted to accompany the colonel's dispatch; Cope instantly 
repaired to the castle, and informed the secretary, for the 



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83 

first time, that it was Reynolds who had given the infor- 
mation that led to the arrests of the 12th of March. The 
consequence was an order to Colonel Campbell to send his 
prisoner to Dublin under a strong military escort. The 
apologies and regrets of the Castle authorities may be 
imagined. 

" The day after his arrival at Dublin Castle as a state 
prisoner Reynolds consented to appear in court as crown 
witness, on condition that his grandfather, Thomas Fitz- 
gerald, of Kilmead, should not be molested for his conduct 
or opinions ; that his uncle, Captain Fitzgerald of Geral- 
dine, should be set at liberty; that he and his family 
should be protected from the personal violence of the 
United Irishmen ; and that no person who might he con- 
meted upon his evidence should be executed^ provided he 
would after conviction make a full disclosure of all he 
knew relative to the plans of the United Irishmen^ and 
consent to banish himself 

** With the remainder of Reynolds's life we have here no 
concern. The government pensioned and employed him 
(in foreign consulships), and gave him £5,000 of the 
secret- service money, but it is not clear that he was richer 
after 1798 than he had been before. Of his legally 
assessed claim for losses and injuries, he never received eo 
nomine one shilling. In comfort, status, reputation, and 
everything else dear to man, he was an infinite loser — and 
lie felt the loss. 

" On the whole, if Thomas Reynolds was not a very 
high-minded man, neither was he a monster of depravity. 
' Spy and informer* is his usual cognomen. The desig- 
nation is singularly inappropriate. He was not a * spy' in 
any sense of the word : he did not simulate zeal in order 
to win confidence, and make a market of the secrets en- 
trusted to him — from the hour that he resolved to frustrate 
the plans of his associates he began to withdraw from their 
society. Nor was he in the worst sense of the word an 
' informer :' his informations were without malice and 
without falsehood. He failed — where not one man in a 
million could have succeeded — in the attempt to resume 
that neutrality between oppression and rebellion which he 
had once relinquished, to save a wicked government with* 
out wounding and exasperating a wronged people."* 

* History of the Irish Rebellion of 1798. 



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84 

O'QUINN (Clan Conmac). 

The O'Cuinns or O'Quins are of the race of Fergus, son 
of Rosa, son of Roderick the Great, monarch of Ireland, 
and were formerly chiefs of the country denominated 
Muinter Qiolgan, which comprised large portions of the 
baronies of Ardagh, Moydow, and Shrule. They also 
became possessed of a district in the barony of Longford, 
and had a casde at the base of the hill of Rathcline, which 
was dismantled by the parliamentary army in 1641. 
This sept are mentioned as follows in the topographical 
poem of O'Dugan, written in the 14th century : — 

'* Of Muinter Giolgan of plunders 
O'Quin is lord and captain.*' 

The following y^ere the most notable members of this 
family : — 

Fogarty O'Quin, fl. 1050 Hugh, slain 1146 

Donn, kilied 1071 Eocbj, burned 1156 

Maelin, died 1097 Eignachain, fl. 1160 

Tadg, fl. 1120 Sitric, fl. 1196 
Finachta, fl. 1140 

A.D. 1171.— The grandson of Dermod O'Quin, chief of 
Muinter Giolgan, accompanied Tiarnan O'Rourke to Dub- 
lin, where they attacked Miles de Cogan, by whom they 
were defeated with great loss. O'Quin was slain on that 
occasion. 

A.D. 1234.— Dermod O'Quin, chief of Muinter Giolgan, 
was slain in a domestic feud. 

A.D. 1255* — Dermod O'Quin, Awlave, his son, and 
other chiefs of Muinter Giolgan, were slain at Faradhain of 
Moy-Treagha, in the county of Longford, by Gillananeev 
O'Ferrall, lord of Annaly, who afterwards plundered the 
possessions of the Muinter Giolgan. 

A.D. 1341.— Cuchonacht O'Quin, chief of Muinter Giol- 
gan, died. 

A.D. 1855. — Cathal O'Quin and five of his kinsmen were 
slain by the Clan Shane O'Ferrall and by the Clan Hugh 
O'Ferrall. 

Respectable families of the O'Quins are to be met with 
in various parts of the county of Longford at the present 
day. 



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85 

The following are Budrician families of whom very little 
is known at the present day : — 

. The O'MuLVBYB, lords of Magh Nisi, otherwise Muinter 
Ghearbhail and Upper Muinter Eolus, on the east side of 
the Shannon, in the barony of Leitrim, of whom frequent 
mention is made by the Annalists. 

The O'Nbidheb and O'Conairbs, now known as Neys 
and Nevilles, and O^Gonnery, chiefs of Alltraighe, a district 
lying around Tralee. From the chiefs of this district des- 
cended St. Brennan of Glonfert. 

The O'DiocHOLLAS and O'Maolbtxohs, who are given 
as chiefs of Gorcumroe by O'Dugan, These names are now 
Anglicised Noghilly and Melody. 

The M'BoOHAiDHS of Leitrim, Longford, and West* 
meath, now known as Eeoghs. 

The O'Bbicbs, chiefs of Beantraidhe or Bantry, in the 
county of Gork. 

The M'Maoliosas, lords of Magh Breaccaidhe, a district 
on the borders of Westmeath and Longford. 

The O'DuQANS and O'Goscridhs, chiefs of Fermoy, in 
the county of Cork, of whom the following pedigree is pre- 
served by M'Firbis : — 

79. Donal, son of 65. lolainn, son of 

78. Hugh, son of 64. M'Laisre, son of 

77. Conor, son of 63. Suirce, son of 

76. Melagiilin, son of 62. Sarglinn, son of 

75. Dermod, son of 61. Dethi> son of 

74. Hugh, son of 60. Labhra, son of 

73. Dngan, son of 59. Mogh Bolth, son of 

72. Lomainig, son of 58. Cumascagh, son of 

71. Muircheardoig, son of 57. Firdeicit, son of 

70. Dailgaile, son of 56. Firgil, son of 

69. Oeallach, son of 55. Firglinn, son of 

68. Congan-Gairin, son of 54. Finfailig, son of 

67. Da-Thaile, son of 53. Fergus M'Roy, son of 

66. Magnan, son of 54. Rossa, son of Boiy. 

Mogn Roith, 59, flourished, it is said, in the reign of 
Gonal Glaon and Geallach. He is called Mogh Boith, or 
Mogh of the Wheel, from his having assisted Simon Magus 
to make the Boitha-Ramhar, or magical wheel, by means 
of which he was enabled to ascend into the air in the pre- 
sence of an astonished multitude. 

The Mao Rorys or Rodgers, chiefs of Dal-Buine, des- 
cendants of Buine, son of Fergus, son of Rosa, son of Rory, 
located in the barony of Upper Massarene, and iu the ad- 
joining parishes of Kilwarlin and Drumboee. 



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The CoRCA Dallan, the descendants of Dalian, son of 
Ferj?us. 

The CoBCA AuLTJiM, the race of Auluim, twin brother of 
Conri, son of Fergus. 

The Dal Conitinn, the posterity of Angus Fionn, son of 
Fergus, located in and around Coolavin, in the county of 
Sligo. 

The CiARRuiGHE Loch an Airnedh, chiefs of the 
country forming the parishes of Knock, Aghanore, Becan, 
and Annadh, in the county of Mayo. 

The OiARRuiGHB Ai, or Ab, the chief of whom took the 
name of O'Keamy, located in the county of Roscommon, 
and possessing the entire of the district extending from. 
Clonalis Bridge to the borders of Mayo. 

The CiARRuiaHB Airteach, lords of the territory com* 
prised in the parishes of Tibohine and Eilnamanagh, in the 
north-west of the county of Roscommon. 

The Ci2?EL BuiNB Magh Murthbimhnb, descendants 
of 

Cormac, son of Gaodhil, son of 

Colchon, son of Foindla, son of 

Coimh, son of Ultan, son of 

Brodada, son of Buine, son of 

Cormac, son of Angus, son of 

Ultan, son of Groin Badhrao. 

The Gailbnga of North TeflEwi of whom the following 
pedigree is preserved : — 

Lughaidh, son of Gdilne Ard, son of 

Fergna, son of Cormac, son of 

Gillacha, son of Blathaine, son of 

Ronain, son of Felim, son of 

Oiliol, son of Oiliol, son of 

Donchada, son of Fergus, son of 

Saoi Mor, son of Rosa, son of 

Oildgoid, son of Rory, 

The Ui LiOBAN, or descendants of liadan, of the race of 
Modh Ruadh, great-grandson of Core, son of Fergus, son 
of Rosa, according to the following pedigree : — 

Liodan, son of Muliyan, son of 

M^Mughna, son of File, son of 

Sartuile, son of Breogan, son of 

Seartach, son of liodsdn, son of 

Fiongusa, son of Senaig, son of 



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87 

Lonaiii, son of 
Cartaigh, son of 
Froich, son of 
Osgar, son of 
Onchnn, son of 
Neachtam, son of 
Athcnirb, son of 
Hngh Gnaoi, i.e., Fergail Oaimh, 
son of 



Anbhith, son of 

Amhilte, son of 

Modh Roe, son of 

OUaman, son of 

Doetha, son of 

Cnirc Doetha 

Fergos 

Rosa 

Rory the Great. 



The Owny Deisceart, or the chiefs of the barony of South 
Owny, or Owny-Beg, in the county of Tipperary, descen- 
dants of 



Maolbrenain, son of 
Dabhthaig, son of 
Lochlan, son of 
Dermod, son of 
Conor, son of 
Gofnid, son of 
Donlevy, son of 
Diochon, son of 
Oiliol, SOD of 
Gait, son of 
Labhra, son of 



Foranan, son of 
Orchon, son of 
M'Niadh, son of 
Angusa, son of 
Fergnsa, son of 
Rosa, son of 
Rory, son of 
Sitridhi, son of 
Dnbh, son of 
Fomhor, son of 
Airgeadmear. 



The Eoghanacht of Araidh Cliach, a district in the county 
of Limerick, on the borders of Tipperary, descendants of 
Eoghan, son of Eacha a quo Eoghanacht Ara-Cliach, ac- 
cording to the following pedigree : — 



69. Bruadar, son of 


60. Donchada, son of 


68. Dunlaing, son of 


59. Benard, son of 


67. Loingsedh, son of 


58. Conri, son of 


66. Duibtheach, son of 


57. Daire, son of 


65. Dinfeartach, son of 


56. Lawlor, son of 


64. Maonaig, son of 


55. Rory, son of 


63. Cnchonacht, son of 


54. Firceighid, son of 


62. Eoghan, a quo E.A.C., son of 


53. Fergos M^Rosa, son of 


61. Eacha, son of 


54. Rossa, son of Rory. 



We are strongly of opinion that the Conri, son of Daire, 
above mentioned, was Cuchilllin's celebrated cotemporary, 
and that Conri, son of Daire, son of Deagha, was a fabled 
personage for whom some Emain senachies invented a pedi- 

free. It appears by the above pedigree of the Irian Conri, 
8, that he was the 84th in descent from Ir, son of Milesius, 
and from the following that CuchuUain, who, it is admitted, 
was elder than Conri, was SSrd in descent from Heremon, 



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Ir's brother. Conal Ceamach, who was cotemporary with 
Cuchullan, being 23rd in descent from Ir, gives strength 
to this conjecture. 

57. Oachnllain, son of 45. Dadbda, son of 

56. Scaillin, son of 44. Donald, son of 

55. Daibhthed, son of 48. Nomaill, son of 

54. Canbair, son of 42. Ceilte, son of 

53. Lir, son of 41. Meanmon, son of 

52. Canbsaintin, son of 40. Sanrit, son of 

dl. Aghagb, son of 39. lombotha, son of 

50. Bbosata, son of 38. Tigbemmas, son of 

49. Moegna, son of 37. Follain, son of 

48. Cais Clotbaig, son of 36. Irial Faidh, son of 

47. Uaicil, son of 35. Hei^mon, son of Milesia». 

46. Earmada, son of 

The O'Drbnnans, or the descendants of Sedna, of the 
race of Core, son of Fergus, who were chiefs of the country 
lying around Sliabh Eisi, on the borders of Clare and Gal- 
way. The O'Drinans, or Drennans, were formerly here- 
ditary chief Brehons or judges of the principalities of Hy- 
Many and Hy-Fiachra Aidhne, in South Connaught, and 
had their chief residence at a place called Ard-na-Cno, in 
the parish of Killiny, and barony of Kiltarton, as we are 
inlbrmed in the Book of Lecain : '^ To the Aes Brengair 
belongs the stewardship of the arch-chief of Hy-Many, and 
it is the office of the Ui-Draighnen to distribute justice to 
the tribes." The O'Drennans obtained extensive lands from 
the lords of the above mentioned territories in consideration 
of their services as judges ; and they erected for themselves 
several handsome residences in Hy-Many and Aidhne, 
vestiges of which remain. The name of their principal 
residence of Ard-na-Cno is happily preserved to this day in 
the townland of that name, in the above named parish and 
barony. In the townland of Cahirpeake, in the barony of 
Dunkellin, are the ruins of an ancient stronghold called 
Cahir Drinan, or the fortress .of O'Drinan, who was chief 
of Tuar, the district in which it is situate. Several families 
of this name are to be met with in various parts of the 
counties of Clare and Qalway at the present day, but they 
are all in narrow circumstances, none of them being above 
the condition of struggling small farmers. O'Drinan is 
sometimes made Thornton in Clare and Galway. The fol- 
lowing mention is made of the O'Drennans in the topo- 
graphical poem of Gillananeev O'Heerin :— ■ 



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<< The lands around the fair Sliabb Eisi 
In the sweet-streamed Cinel Sedna ; 
Atribe who have cemented their people. 
Of their conntrj is O'Draighnen." 

The late Dr. Drennan of Belfast, author of the "Wake 
of William Orr/' " Erinn," and other pooular songs ; and 
liis poetic sons, William Drennan and J. S. Drennan, M.D., 
were of this family. 

The Mao Dubhainb^ or Duans. of Clare, descendants 
of 



Dnbhain, son of 
Onagaui, son of 
Mulqnin, son of 
Finn, son of 



Loflchany son of 
Onchon, son of 
Finloga, son of 
Find£r,Tide OTerral's pedigree. 



PEDIGREES OF THE IRIAN SAINTS OF ERINN, 

Collected from the " Yellow Book of Leecm^^ 
M* Mr bis, Colgan, and various other sources. 



Bt. Caillen of Fenagh. 

Caillen, son of Cuscridh, son of 

Findfir. Vide O'Roddy's 
pedigree. 



Machach, son of 
Dubhain, son of 
Fraoich, son of 



St. Ciaran of Clonmacnoise. 



Ciaran, son of 

Baodan, the architect, son of 
Bolgan, son of 
Loindcoda, son of 
Core, son of 
Deadha, son of 
Condeadha, son of 
Gas, son of 
Nadfraoich, son of 
Cosgrich, son of 
Mesin-Sned, son of 
Mesin Tulig, son of 
Arcod, or Ere, son of 



Mecon, son of 
Neachtain, son of 
Athciurb, son of 
Cuirt, son of 
Hugh Gnaoi, son of 
Fergusa, son of 
Felim, son of 
Meadhmadh, son of 
Ollaman, son of 
Daethi, son of 
Cuirc Dosethe, son of 
Fergus M*Roy, son of 
Rosa Roe. 



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St Canice of Aghaboe. 



Caineach, son of 
Lughedh, son of 
Lnghdach^ son of 
Dalian^ son of 
lothachair, son of 
Alta, son of 
Ogaman, son of 
Fiochuise, son of 



Dalb, son of 
Eo^han, son of 
Galasaig, son of 
Mochta, son of 
Measamhan, son of 
Magh Toit, son of 
Fergus, son of 
Bosa Boe. 



But given by some as follows — 



Canice, son of 
Lnffhidh, son of 
Ludhigh, son of 
Dalian, son of 
Eachach, son of 
Fiochuise, son of 
Fergusa, son of 
Bosa, son of 
lomchada, son of 
Fiachua, son of 



Cais, son of 

Osis, son of 

Airic, son of 

Conla, son of 

Cairbre, son of 

Ail, son of 

Cuirb Aluim, son of 

Fergus M'Eoy, son of 

Bosa Boe, son of 

Bory. 



And by others thus — 



Canice, son of 
Leuthig, son of 
Luighidh, son of 
Hugh Alad, son of 
Fiochuisa, son of ^ 
Alta, son of 
Ogaman, son of 
Fiochuise, son of 



Molacca, son of 
Dubhdlighe, son of 
Dubhdeacan, son of 
Dubhcuile, son of 
Lachtna, son of 
Colla, son of 



Dealbna, son of 
Eoghan, son of 
Calasaig, son of 
Mochta, son of 
Measamhain, son of 
Mogh Toit, son of 
Fergus MacBoy, son of 
Bosa Bo6» 



St. Molacca. 



Cuscridh, son of 

Fear Airdis, son of 

Buain, son of 

Mogh Boith, of the race of 

Fergus M'Boy, son of 

Bosa Boe. 



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Mochua, son of 
Becsdn^ son of 
Baeir, son of 
Nathi, son of 
Lnghaidh, son of 
Talan, son of 
lothachair, son of 



Boaden, son of 
Simill, son of 
Nad&aoch, son of 
Alia, of the race of 



St. MochnaofBallagh, 
(Sometimes called J^. Cronan.) 



Alta, son of 
Ogaman, son of 
FiochnisiB, son of 
Dalb or Dalbna, son of 
Eoghan. Vide St. Canice*s 
pedigree. 



St Boaden. 



Conal, son of 
Fergus M'Eoy, son of 
Rosa, son of 
Roderick the Great. 



St. Mochuille of Imokilly. 



Mochuille, son of 
Angus, son of 
Comain, son of 
Deochuille, son of 
Deagha, son of 
Baite, son of 



Colla, son of 
Guscridh, son of 
Fear Guile, son of 
Buain, son of 
Mogh Roith, orMoghRuit, 
as some hare it. 



St. Olchu Craibhtheach. 



Olchu, son of 

Dula, son of 

Laidain of Ard Conor, son of 

lomrasa, son*of 

Fear Tleachta, son of 

Fergus M'Roy. 



Or thus : 
Fear Tleachta, son of 
Oealtchair, son of 
Uiter, son of 
Fergus M'Roy, son of 
Rosa Roe^ M'Rory. 



St. Senaichy bishop. 



Senaich, son of 
Conaire, son of 
Caindig, son of 
Olchon,. son of 



Dula, son of 
Laidin of Ardconor. 
supra. 



Vide 



St. Ailbe, of Emly, son of 



Uilc, or Ais, son of 
Olchon, son of 



Dula, son of 
Laidin. Vide supra. 



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Ailbe, son of 
Alchon, son of 
Aira, son of 
Dula, son of 
Laidin, son of 
lomrosa, son of 



Firtleachta, son of 
Cealtchair, son of 



Domingin, son of 
Caindighi son of 



Scuithin, son of 
Senaig, son of 
Bathuig, son of 
David, son of 



Golman, son of 
Trena, son of 



Enda, son of 
Laigh, son of 
Beraigh, son of 
Sairbile, son of 
Cormac, son of' 
Lughna, son j{ 
Eoghan, son of 
Guaire, son of 



92 

Or thus : 

Kr-Tleachta, son of 
Cealtcbair/son of 
Uitechair, son of 
Firtleachta, son of 
Fergus M*Roy, son of 
Rosa. 

Or thus : 

Uitechair, son of 
Fergus M'Roy. 

St. Domingin. 

Olchon, son of 
Dula. Vide supra. 

St. Scuithin. 

Brocain, son of 
Caindig, son of 
Olchon, son of 
Dula. 

St. Colman. 



Olcon, son of 
Dula. 



St. Enda. 



Ere,* son of 

Laoisach Ceanmore, son of 

Conal Cearmach, son of 

Amergin, son of 

Cais, son of 

Cathbath, son of 

Oionga M*Rory. 



St. Bridget (of Louth). 



Bridget, daughter of 
Hugh, soil of 
Eachach, son of 
Colla or Conla, son of 



Caolbhach, son of 
Cruin Badhraoi. Vide Mac- 
gennis's pedigree. 



* Soe St. Seanach's pedigree and compare. 



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St. Aoogus, bishop. 



Angus, son of 
An-gubhan, son of 
Aibhthem, son of 
Fiodhrui, son of 
Diarmada, son of 
Ainmire, eon of 



Finnche, 
Bledine, son of 
Lnghidh, son of 
Eachach, son of 



Gealtchair, son of 
Angusa^ son of 
Nadsluaghy son of 
Caolbhach, son of 
Grain Badbraoi, son of 
Eachach M'Lewy. 



St Finnche. 



Cairbre, son of 
Nineadha, son of 
Groin Badhraoi, son of 
Eachach, M'Lewy. 



St. Braccan. 



Breccan, son of 
Saran, son of 

St..Molua of Clonfoda (Clonfad) 



Gaolbhach, son of 
Groin Badhraoi. 



Molna, son of 
Carthach, son of 
Daighre, son of 

Conal, son of 
Hugh, son of 
Saran, son of 
Maine, son of 



Guirc, son of 
Fergusa, son of 
Grain Badhraoi. 



St. Conal. 



Fothach, son of 
Gonal, son of 
Eachach, son of 
Grain Badhraoi. 



St. Athract. 



Athract, 
Saran, son of 



Gaolbhach, son of 
Groin Badhraoi. 



St. Finan of Clonard. 



Finan, son of 
Finloga, son of 
Fintan, son of 
Goncraach, son of 
Daircella, son of 
Senaig, son of 



Diarmada, son of 
Hugh, son of 
Fergus Dubh, son of 
Ailmas, son of 
Gealtchair, son of 
Uithechair Fitz Fergus. 



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St. Duileach. 

Duileach, son of Alia, of the race of 

Malaighi eon of Conal Glas, son of 

Binill, son of Fergusa, son of 

Nadfraoch, son of Bosa, son of 

Fiachna, son of Rory. 

SS. Moboi, Malan, Cuman, Cronan, Maine, and 
Badan, sons of 

Sinil, son of Fiachna, son of 

Nadfraochi^ son of Alia. Vide snpra. 

St. Ere, bishop of Slane. 

Ere, son of Eochy or Fiach, son of 

Deagha, son of Cais, son of 

Branchon, son of Isis, son of 

Armora, son of Airig, son of 

Caidhir, son of Carbry, son of 

lomchadha, son of Ail, son of 

Dubhthaid, son of Cuirb Aluim, son of 

Bosa son of Fergnsa, son of 

lomchadha^ son of Rosa. 

St. Cais. 

Cais, son of Airig, son of 

Isis, son of Carbry. Vide supra. 

St. Coman of Ardleathan.* 

Coman, son of Duthaig. son of 

Talam, son of Rosa. Vide supra. 

St. Finn, the deacon. 

Finn, son of Cais, son of 

Bedcraidhe, son of Fraoch, son of 

Con, son of Cumaseragh, of the race of 

Dubhaig, son of Fergus. 

* The pedigree of this Coman, from whom it is said Ard-Caoman in 
Hy Einshella has its name, and of his sister St. Atrachta, is giyen as 
follows by M*¥irbi8 — children of Talain, son of Dubhthaig, son of Bosa, 
lomchadha, son of Felim, son of Cais, son of Fiacha Aruidhe, a quo Dal 
Aroidhe. 



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Feargnaoi, son of 
Fiontain, son of 
Beochre, son of 
Cumeadha^ 



Caoman^ son of 
Takce, son of 
Boot, son of 
Beadhghil, son of 
Cionglais. 



St. Feargnaoi. 

Duthaig^ son of 
Cais^ son 
Fraoich, son 
Cumascragh. 

St. Caoman. 

Clocha, son of 
Uitechair, son of 
Cinglaine, son of 
Bosa, son of 
fiory. 



SS. Seanach and Colman. 



Seanach & Colman, sons of 
Comhghaile, son of 
Luaigne, son of 
Eoghan^ son of 
Quaire, son of 
Ere, son of 



Midhlidhe, son of 
Inntait, son of 
Lughaidb Lnighe^ son of 
Laosach Geanmor, son of 
Conal Cearnachy son of 
Amergin, M'Cais. 



St. Ultan of Ardbreccan, 



Ultan, son of 
Ronain, son of 
Fiontan, son of 
Finloga, son of 
Condaid, son of 
Conor, son of 
OUa, son of 



Eachach, son of 
Colla, son of 
Coalbhach, son of 
Cruin Badhraoi, 
(His mother, whose name 

was Colla, was of the 

GailengaO 

Or thus : 



Ultan, son of 
Bonan, son of 
Fintan, son of 
Finlogha, son of 

St. Baothin, of Inis Baothin (W. Munster.) 

{St. Behan of Inishehan.) 



Colla, son of 
Conor, son of 
Midhlidh, son of 
Intait. Vide supra. 



Baothin, son of 
Fionnaig, of the race of 
Lughaidh, son of 



Laosach Ceanmore. Vide 
supra. 



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St. Mo-Cuarog of Easdrum Breccan, 

Of the race of Fear-TUachta^ son of Fergus M'Roy. 

St. larlath of Tuamda Ghualan, Dec, 26. 

larlath, son of Conmac, son of 

Loga, son of Fergus, son of 

Gumasach of the race of Rosa M'Rory. 

St. Cruimthear. 

Cruimhthear, son of Conmac, son of 

Carthaig, of the race of Fergus M*Eoy. 

St. Glun-Salach of Sliabh Fuad, June 3rd. 

Glunsalach, son of Bosa, son of 

Colamhail, son of lomchadha, son of 

Eachach, son of Felim, son of 

Flan, son of Cais, son of 

Lughaidh, son of Fiacha Aruidhe. 

St. Lairin. 

Lairin, son of Fionhchadha, son of 

Colman, son of Felim, son of 

Lughda, son of Sogain, M'Fiacha Aruidhe. 

St. Moluoc. 

Moluoc, son of Nair, son of 

Luchta, son of Cuire, son of 

Fionchada, son of Soghain, son of 

Find, son of Fiacha Aruidhe, of the race 

Sogainn, son of Rory. 

St. Trian of Cill-Elge. 

Trian, son of Felim, son of 

Deithe, son of Soghan Salbhuidhe, son of 

Lughta, son of Fiacha Aruidhe, vide supra. 
Fionchada, son of 

SS. Murdebhur and Foranan, sons of 

Cuanan, son of Finchadha, son of 

M'Tire, son of Felim, son of 

Diarmada, son of Cais, son of 

Find, son of Fiacha Aruidhe, son of 

Lughta, son of Angus Qaibneoin. 



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St. Mocholmog of Dromore. 



Mocholmog, son of 
Conrathain, son of 
Luigheadh, son of 
Rosa, son of 
lomchada, son of 



Rosa, son of 
Felim, son of 
Cais, son of 
Fiacha Aruidhei son of 
Angus. 

St. Treanoc. 



Treanoc, son of 
Ciaran, son of 
Sarain, son of 
Caolbhach, son of 
Croin Badhraoi, son of 



Eachach Coba^ son of 
Lewy, son of 
Rosa, son of 
lomchada, son of 
Felim, M'Cais, M'Fiach. 



St. Buaibeo. 



Bnaibeo, son of 
Lnghaidh, son of 



Liathcon, son of 
Fiacha Aruidhe 



St. Cathan. 



Catan, son of 
Mathan, son of 
Braccan, son of 

St. 

Fulartach, son of 
Brie, son of 
Seannal, son of 
Baodain, son of 

St. lubhar, 

Ivar, son of 
Lughna, son of 
Cuirc, son of 
Cnirb, son of 
Cairbre, son of 
Nell, son of 



Caolbhach, son of 
Croin Badhraoi, son of 
Eachach, son of Lewy. 

Fulartach Fil Moisirt. 



Echaidh, son of 
Conla, son of 
Caolbhach, son of 
Cruin Badhraoi. 

or Ivar, bishop, April 23rd. 

Lugheadh, son of 
Rosa, son of 
lomchadha, son of 
Felim, son of 
Cais, son of 
Fiacha Aruidhe, son of 
Angusa. 



Eachach, son of 

St. Moninde, or Moniny, abbess of Killeavy, 



Moninde, da. of 
Mochta, son of 
Liolchain, son of 
7 



Conla, son of 
Eachach, son of 
Cruinn Badhraoi. 



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St Gairbry, bishop. 



Cairbry, son of 
Decile, son of 
Nadsluath, son of 



Caolbhaghy Bon of 
Grain Badhraoi, eon of 
Eachacb Goba. 



St. Gombgall of Bangor. 



Eachacb, son of 
Lngheadh, son of 
Rosa^ son of 
lomchada, son of 
Felim, son of 
Gais, son of 
Fiacha Aruidhe. 



Gombgall, son of 
Sedna, son of 
Eacbach, son of 
Brin, son of 
Forga, son of 
Ernaine, son of 
Greambtbuine, son of 

St. Maol-Iosa of Bevenishy Sept. 12th. 

Molaisi, son of Tuailsin, son of 

Nadfraocb, son of Deagba, son of 

Barain, son of Groin BadbraoL 
Gonbrain, son of 

St. Goman of Eoscommon. 



Coman, son of 
Faolcon^ son of 
Dretblen, son of 
Conla, son of 
Domaingin, son of 
lomcbada, son of 



Nair, son of 
Ere, son of 
Tiobbruidhd 
Sogbain-saI« son o! 
Fiacba Aruidbe, son of 
Angus. 



St. David of Inis-Gusgridb (Iniscourcy). 



David, son of 
Gombgall, son of 
Ere, son of 



Colbbaid, son of 
Grain Badb, son of 
Eacbacb. 



St. Fionnla of Glonard. 



Fionnla, son of 
Fiontan, son of 
Goncraidb, son of 
Darcella, son of 
Senaig, son of 
Dermod, son of 
Aida; son of 
Fergusa, son of 



Oilla, son of 
Gealtcbair, son of 
Uitecbair, son of 
Focba, son of 
Firfil,sonof " 
Glais, son of 
Nuadad Airgead Lamb, 
(i.e., of the silver band). 



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St. Carroll, abbot. 



Cairell, son of 

Caman of Cloonfarrell, son of 

Treana, son of 

lomchada^ son of 

Nair, son of 

Earc^ son of 

Tiobraidhe, son of 



SoffhaUi son of 
Conal Ceamach, son of 
Amergin, son of 
Caia, son of 
Cathbhuadh, son of 
Cionga M'Bory. 



St. Coman. 

Goman, son of Sodan, Salbhnidhd, son of 

Ainmire, son of Fiacha Arnidhey son of 

Bruidhe, of the race of Angus. 

St. Manchan of Mohill. 



Manchan, son of 
Siollan, son of 
Gonal^ son of 
Luchain^ son of 
Conal Anglonaig, son of 
Feice, son of 



Bosa^ son of 
Fachtna, son of 
Seanchada, son of 
Aille Ceasdaig^ son of 
Bory the Great> king of 
Ireland. 



St. Fachtna M'Bronaig of Bos-Mac £rC| near Lough 

Neagh. 



Fachtna, son of 
Bronaig, son of 
Carbry Carabh^eht, son of 
Aille, son of 
Fiatach Fionn, son of 
Daire Confinn, son of 
Forga, son of 



Felim Finn, son of 
Uaman Gruadh, son of 
Goran, son of 
Cais, son of 
Mairgedair, son of 
(King) Siorlamh, son of 
Finn, 



St. Fursa,son of Fiontan, by Gelges, daughter of Hugh 
Fionn, or Hugh the Fair, Prince of Breflfny. 

Fursey Cuibhtheach, son of Feic, son of 

Fiontain, son of Bosa, son of 

Finloga, son of Faehtn^, po4 of 

Deargrotha^ son of Seancbadha 

Ltichain, son of Oilla Ceastaig, son of 

Logh-Leanglas, son of Bory, son of 

Conal, son of Sitridh. 



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100 
THE IRIAN MONARCHS OF IRELAND. 

(In Chronological Order.) 

2. Cearmna and Sobhairce, A.M. 2892. 

C. and S., sons of Heber, son of 

Eibhric, son of Ir. 

3. Seadhna, A.M. 2948. 

Beadhna, son of Heber, son of 

Airtri, son of Ir, son of 

Eibhric, son of Milesius. 

4. FiachaFinsgothach, A.M. 2992. 

Fiacha, son of Eibhric, son of 

Seadhna, son of Heber, son of 

Airtri, son of Ir. 

5. Ollamh Fodhla, A.M. 3014. 

OUamh Fodhla, son of Seadhna, son of 

Fiacha, son of Airtri. 

6. Fionnachta, A.M. 3040. 

Fionnachta, son of Fiacha, son of 

Ollamh Fodhla, son of Seadhna. 

7. Slannoll, A.M. 3045. 

SlannoU, son of Ollamh Fodhla. 

8. Geida OUgothach, A.M. 3050. 

Oeide, son of Ollamh Fodhla. 

9. Fiacha, A.M. 3094. 

Fiacha, son of Ollamh Fodhla, son of 

Finnachta, son of * Fiacha. 

10. Beamgall, A.M. 3104 

Bearugall, son of Ollamh Fodhla, eon of 

Geide OUgothach, son of Fiacha. 



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101 

IK OUioU, A.M. 3130. 

QOioll, aon of Ollamli Fodhla, son of 

Blanoll, son of Fiacha. 

12. Fionn, A.M. 3182. 

Fionn, son of Cairbre, son of 

Labhra, son of Ollamh Fodhla. 

13. Siorlamh, A.M. 3222. 

Siorlamfa, son of Labhra, son of 

Fionn^ son of Cairbre, son of 

Bratha, son of Ollamli Fodhla. 

f 
14. Airgeadmear, A.M. 3253. 

Airgeadmear, son of, Fionn, son of 

Biorlamh, son of Bratha. 

15. Hugh Roe, A.M. 3300. 

Hugh Boe, son of Airgeadmear» son of 

Ba&um, son of Siorlamh. 

16. Diathorba, A.M. 3321. 
Deathorba, son of Airgeadmear, son of 
Diomain, son of Siorlamh. 

17. Ciombaoth, A.M. 3342. 

Giombaoth, son of Airgeadmear, son of 

Fionntain, son of Siorlamh. 

18. Macha Mongruadh, A.M. 3349, 

Macha (Queen) daughter of Badhurn, son of 
Hugh Boe> son of Airgeadmear. 

19. Roderick the Great, A.M. 3402. 

Rory, son of Fomhor, son of 

Sitrighe, son of Airgeadmear, son of 

Dubhy son of Siorlamh. 

20. Breasal Bodhiabha, A.M. 3435. 
Breasal, son of Roderick the Great. 

21. Congal Clarinach, A.M. 3451. 
Conal, son of Roderick the Great. 



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22. Faebtna Fafchach, A.M. 3470. 

Fachtna^ fion of Boderick the Great 

23. Ellm, A.M. 3512. 

Elimi son of Eory the Great, son of 

Conraghy son of Sitrighe. 

24. Mai, or Cirb Mael, A.D. 113. 

Mai, son of Muireadhach, son of 

Bochruidh, fion of Fiacha, son of 

Cathbuadh, son of Iriel Glunmear, son of 

Gillacha, son of Conal Ceamach, aon of 

Donchadha, son of Amergin, son of 

Fionchadha, «dn of Cais. 

25. Caolbhach, A.D. 550. 

Caolbhach, son of Fiacha Araidhe, son of 

Cruin Badhraoi, Bon of Angus, SDif of 

Eachach, son of Fergus, son of 

Lughaidh M^Bosa, son of Tiobruidhe^ son of 

lomchada, son of Breasal, son of 

Felim, son of Cirb Mai, son of 

Cas, son of Bochruidhe. Vide supra. 



Of the Irian race thirty-five princes became Kings or 
chief governors of Ulster ; and kept their court at Eamhain 
or Emania, sometimes called Gnoc Emhain said now Angli* 
cised Navan Hill. This celebrated residence, of which ex- 
tensive ruins remained to the middle of the 17th century, 
was situate about two miles to the west of the modem city 
of Armagh ; and near it is a townland called Creev-Boe in 
which the s^t on which Teach Na Craobh Roej or the 
house of the Bed Branch Knights of Emania once stood is 
happily pi^erved. Dun Eamhain or Navan fort, in the 
vicinity, was the place on which the Armoury of tiie Red 
Branch, once stood, and in each of these places numerous 
weapons, such as spear heads, celts, arrow heads, &c., are 
frequently found. This was the burial place of the cele- 
brated queen Miacha» as we are informed in the following 
verses, translated from a poem on Emania, in the possession 
of the late Sir WilKam Bethatn, Ulster, by Mr. Owen 
Connellan :^— 



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*' Macha, alirajB yictoriotus and triumphant ; 
The renowned daughter of Hugh of the red weapons - 
Here was she bnried, the fairest of the fair, 
Who by Bectaidh Itighdearg was slm. 

'* It was not formed without the attending aid 
Of the stem sons of Dithorba — 
An afiair for the learned to pevpetnate the name 
Of Emania on the rismg ground of the plain. 

'' In grief for her, their sorrow to record ; 
The hosts of Ulidia in eveiy time 
Hold, nnremittinglj^ in the east 
The assembly of Macha on the great plain." 



BND 0? THB CLANNA-BORT. 



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APPENDIL 



AUTHORSHIP OF THE " EXILE OF ERIN/' 
BY A SEPTUAGENARIAN. 



My earliest recollection of the " Exile of Erin," leads 
me back to the Christmas of 1799, when I heard my father 
reading it from a manuscript copy for some friends of his, 
and afterwards repeating it so often, as if committing it to 
memory, that my attention was particularly drawn to it, 
and^I became interested in the song. I procured a copy 
from my father, committed this beautiful lyric to memory, 
and used to sing it as I knew the air. The song, soon after 
its haying been composed, became deservedly popular, 
and George NugeQt Keynolds, Esq. of Letterfine, in the 
county of Leitrim, was regarded as the author. 

In the autumn of 1800, 1 was introduced to M r . Reynolds, 
at Portobello, nearElphin, the residence of his relative, the 
late Thomas Stafford, Esq., where he was on a visit ; and as 
the last chieftain of Muinter Eolus was then locally known 
as the author of the ** Exile of Erin/' I took particular 
notice of him ; the introduction and the circumstances re- 
garding it are as fresh in my memory to-day (Nov. 10th, 
1863), as if they were occurrences of yesterday. 

Mr. Reynolds left his native country for England in the 
spring of 1801, and never returned to it ; he died at Stowe, 
the seat of his relative, the Marquis of Buckingham, in 1802, 
some fourteen months after his arrival there, and was in- 
terred in that neighbourhood ; these circumstances fix indel- 
ibly on my mind, the time I had first heard the " Exile of 
Erin," and of my introduction to Mr. Reynolds, whom I 
had never seen before, and never saw after, and I request 
my readers to bear this particularly in mind. 

I ^happened to be in Dublin towards the close of 1810, 
andiwas induced to purchase a handsome illustrated edition 
of Thomas Campbelrs poems which had just been published. 
On looking through the book, I was surprised and 



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adtonisfaed at iSndiDg the "Exile of Brin" in it, well knowing 
it was the composition of QeoTge Nngent Beynolds. 
Early in the month of January following^ I was on a 
visit at Portobello, and had Campbell's poems with me. I 
admired the ''Pleasures of Hope' veiy much, and on the 
morning after my arrival^ I was reading it at the parlour 
fire as Mr. Stafibrd came in. I laid the book upon the 
table; he took it up and looked over it, and the "Exile of 
Erin" met his view. He immediately called my attention to 
the song and said — "Why, this is poor George Reynolds' 
song which the fellow has plagiarised, and I will prove it 
to your satisfaction if you will come out with me to the hall,'* 
which I accordingly did. He opened an old-fashioned desk, 
and took out a roll of papers, carefully tied up, from an in- 
side drawer, untied and unfolded them, and drawing out a 
copy of the "Exile," handed it to me to read and compare 
with the version published in Campbell's book. He pledged 
his honour to me at the same time, that he got that very copy 
fromGeorge Reynolds' hands as his (Reynolds^ composition, 
in Nov. 1799. He also said it had never been out of his 
possession since, and that if I would ask my father about it 
when I went home, he would bear him out in his state- 
ments, as he was at Portobello after he (Stafford) had got 
the song, and took a copy of it at the time. When I returned 
home, I spoke to my father on the subject, and he fully 
corroborated Mr. Stafford, and told me that the copy of the 
song which he had taken he had lent to a Mr. Uharles 
O'Connor, and could never get it back ; he had the song in 
memory, however, and repeated every word of it then for 
me, as well as another of Reynolds', "Green were the fields," 
to the same air — Erin go Bragh — a well known and po- 
pular Irish tune. I pointed out the " Exile of Erin' in 
Campbell's book to my father, and he felt much surprised 
and expressed himself warmly on what he called a bare-faced 
robbery. He took a great interest in the song all his life-p 
time, declared it to be George Nugent Reynolds' compo- 
sition and not Campbell's, and used frequently repeat it even 
up to a very short time before his death, which took place 
when he had attained the patriarchal age of 107. 

I compared Mr. Stafford's copy of the " Exile of Erin" 
with Mr. Campbell's printed version, and found them to 
correspond, except in two words — " thin robe" and " flow 
of his youthful emotion,*' being the words substituted in the 
printed version for "raiment* and "fire of his youthful 



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dmotion/' which were the original words, as appears from 
Mr. Stafford's copy» which I believe to be still extant, and 
in the possession of a nephew of his, who is at present on 
the Continent, and from whom I hope to get it on his return, 
as he is an old and intimate friend of mine. 

Mr. Stafford and my father were gentlemen of strict 
veracity and honour, and would not lend themselves to any 
fraud or imposition, literary or otherwise ; they were too 
well acquainted and intimate with Mr. Beynolds' habits 
and compositions to be imposed upon ; they were both men 
of education and extensive intellectual acquirements ; and 
Mr. Beynolds was a gentleman of such high honour and 
feeling as to be totally incapable of so weak and disreput- 
able an act as to pass off any other man's composition as 
his own, or to strut in borrowed plumes. He was, besides, 
regardless of literary fame or publicity ; and I am as cer- 
tain as I am of my own existence, that the '^ Exile of Erin'' 
was written by him, and not by Thomas Campbell, whom, 
I greatly regiet to say, from his transcendent talent and my 
respect for his memory, — I must consider as a literary 
pirate, a bold-faced plagiarist. Not content with the 
circling wreaths which adorned his brow, or the many gems 
which shed lustre from the glowing crown placed on his 
reverend head by Fame, this favorite child of song scorned 
not to pluck from a wreathless brother bard one of the few 
ornaments which he possessed, and place it, with shameless 
effrontery, in his own thickly-gemmed diadem. 

I had the honour of a long and intimate acquaintance 
with Mr. Beynolds' amiable and accomplished sisters and 
brother-in-law (Mr. Bichard Young Keynolds, of Port 
Lodge), and frequent conversations with them regarding 
the *• Exile of Erin,'' and other compositions of Mr. Bey- 
nolds', the substance of which is fully and clearly set 
forth in their solemn declarations* made before Mr. Kelly, 
Divisional Justice of the Peace for Dublin, in 1839. These 
declarations were made in the form prescribed by law, and 
possess all the solemnity and all the sanction, and are at- 
tended with all the consequences of declarations upon oath. 

The following are copies : — 

* The Declaration of Mrs. M^Namara, and that of Mr. and Mrs. T. 
Beynolds, were printed for the first time in 1844, in a work entitled 
«< Memoranda of Irish Matters/ published \>y Machen, Dublin, which 
created no small amount of interest, and eojojed no smaU share of 
patronage. • 



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107 
DECLARATION OP MRS. MACNAMARA. 

*Vl Mary Macnamaraof Lough Scar, in the county of 
Leitrim, do solemnly and sincerely declare, that from the 
time of my birth I was on terms of the closest intimacy 
with my late brother, George Nugent Reynolds, of Letter- 
fine, and continued so to be up to the moment of his death ; 
and that I believe there was not any person better or more 
intimately acquainted with his habits, and feelings, and 
history than myself; that my brother was^ from his earliest 
years, im enthusiastic admirer of poetry, and frequently 
amused himself with poetic compositions ; but I do not 
know nor believe that he ever intended publishing his 
poetry, or that he ever prepared or revised it with such in* 
tentioh ; that my brother during the entire of his life was 
afficted with ill health, and in particular suffered greatly 
from asthma; that in consequence of the difficulty of 
breathing produced by this complaint, he was for a great 
part of his life unable to lie down, and was obliged to pass 
the night sitting in a chair; that he used to employ himself 
through such nights frequently in poetic composition, but 
that in consequence of his asthma he wa.s unable to write 
without suffering the most acute pain, and that in fact he 
hardly ever did write down any of his poetry, but that he 
often asked some member of the family to write firom his 
dictation ; that I was the person most frequently employed 
by my brother in taking down his compositions in writing 
and in setting his songs to music, and singing them for 
him ; that I wrote down a very great number of songs and 
other pieces of poetry composed by my brother at dmerent 
times, by far the greater number of which I believe to be 
lost, and amongst these lost were in my opinion many of 
his best productions ; that my brother composed with great 
quickness and facility, and I have dlen known him (upon a 
subject being proposed to him) to compose a song in less 
time than would be usually occupied in writing it out ; that 
some time, to the best of my recollection in 1792, I copied 
and sung for him the Bcmg he called *' The Exiled Irish- 
man's I^wnent/' This song was intended by my brother 
to exhibit the severities exercised upon the Irish people at 
that time, which he considered unnecessary and excessive ; 
tnat some time in the month of November, 1799, my 
brother was in Dublin upon legal business connected with 
the management of his estate ; and having arranged his 



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business, be returned in the same month, or in the begin- 
ning of the next, to Lough Scur ; that immediately upon 
his return he told my mother, the late Mrs. Reynolds, in 
my presence, that Michael Cormick had received a letter 
from his brother, John Cormick, who had been implicated 
in the rebellion of the preceding year; that the letter 
amongst other things stated the great regret which John 
Cormick felt at the loss of some poems of my brother's 
which had been destroyed when the writer's house was 
taken possession of by the military. The latter stated that, 
although the writer had lost all his fortune in consequence 
of the part which he had taken in the rebellion, he felt more 
sorrow for the loss of my brother's poems than for every- 
thing else, and requested Michael Cormick to procure some 
of the poems of my brother and send them out to the 
writer. 

" My brother said that he had composed a song with the 
purpose of sending it out to John Cormick ; that it was 
upon the subject of his (Cormick's) exile, and that he con- 
sidered it the best song he had ever written. He also said 
he intended it as a sequel to the song of '' Green were the 
Fields," which he composed in 1792. 

'' He called the song ' Erin Go Bragh.' At the same time 
he said, ' I have composed another song which I will give 
you first, as it is a pleasant one.' After he had recited the 
first song, which I took down in writing, he recited the 
song ' Erin Go Bragh,' or the ' Exile of Erin,' exactly as it 
has since been published by Mr. Campbell. I took it also 
down in writing, and sung it for my brother to the same 
air that the words 'Green were the Fields' were set to. 
It was in fact intended by my brother as a continuation of 
that song. The song * Green were the Fields' was in- 
tended to describe the affliction of a poor peasant turned 
out of his small farm for political reasons (principally on 
account of not having a right to vote at elections), and 
without having committed any crime. The song ' Erin Go 
Bragh' was intended to describe the sorrow and safferings 
of that same peasant dying on a foreign shore. In my 
opinion the reason of the sequel exceeding the commence- 
ment in beauty and poetic merit was, that my brother's 
feelings were more excited and his heart more engaged in 
the subject on account of his great intimacy with John 
Cormick ; and this my brother mentioned to me at the 
time. 1 cannot say how long before the month of Novem- 



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ber, 1799, my brother composed the song of ' Erin Go 
BragV ; but it must have been, according to his own ac- 
count in the interval between that month and the time of 
the escape of John Cormick, which took place some time 
in the preceding year. Nor can I say whether that song 
was committed to writing prior to the month of Novem- 
ber, 1799. But I was informed by a person of the name 
of Richard M'Clusky, who was a travelling harper, and 
resided frequently with my family, that he had learned this 
song at Belfast, where there was then a school for the in- 
struction of harpers, at the Christmas of the year 1799 ; 
and that he then understood that it was the composition of 
George Nugent Eeynolds, and I believe this statement of 
Eichard M*Clnsky's to be true. That I frequently sang 
the song immediately after committing it to writing, and 
that it was very much admired ; and by permission of my 
brother I gave copies of it to all my friends, and to every 
one who asked for it. I think that I gave away at least 
100 copies within a very short time after I first heard the 
song from my brother. I believe many copies were again 
taken from mine, and that the song was very widely dis- 
persed and generally known in Ireland in a very short time 
after the month of November, 1799 ; but I am not aware 
whether or not it was ever printed until it was published 
by Mr. Campbell as his own composition. Forty years 
having since elapsed, almost all the persons to whom I 
then gave the song are dead, but I make no doubt that 
there are some still living who can confirm my statement. 
I had not the slightest doubt at the time my brother re- 
cited this song to me that it was his own production ; nor 
have I now ; for my brother was a person of the highest 
and most chivalrous honour, and utterly incapable of stat- 
ing a wilful falsehood, and from my knowledge of his 
feelings I think that he would have considered the pirating 
of another man''s work to be an act of the most abominable 
baseness. I never heard that Mr. Campbell claimed the 
song till the year 1806. 

** In the year 1830 1 heard of a letter of Mr. Campbell's, 
in which he stated that he wrote this poem at Altona. I 
have since been informed that that letter was in answer to 
a letter written by Mr. £llis in the same year, asserting 
the right of my brother. I do not know the exact time 
when Mr. Campbell went to Altona, but to bring his states 
ment within the bounds of possibility, he must have been 



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there a considerable time before the month of November, 
1799, for travelling was at that time much slower than at 
present, and it would have taken a long time for the poem 
to have travelled from Altona to the mountains of Leitrim. 
I answered that letter in the Sliffo Champion, but Mr. 
Campbell did not see fit to reply. 

" I believe that other poems of my late brother have beeli, 
since his death, published as the composition of different 
persons — in particular the song of ' Cathleen O'More,' 
which went through thirteen editions, was the composition 
of my brother When I saw this song in print I went to 
the publisher, Mr. Power, and declared that I would con- 
test the copyright, as my brother had been the author. 
Mr. Power admitted the claim, but said he had paid £150 
for the copyright. I gave him the song on condition that 
he should publish it as my brother's, which he did. I now 
declare most solemnly that I have no more doubt that the. 
song of the ' Exile of Erin' was written by my brother than 
I have of my own existence. 

"Mart Annb.M'Namaba. 

*' Declared before me, in pursuance of the Act of Par- 
liament, this 14th day of March, 1839. 

" Thohab F. Kbllt, 

" Divisional Justice, Dublin." 

Declaration of Richard and Bridget Young Reynolds. 

^' We, Bichard Young Reynolds, of Fort Lodge, in the 
county of Cavan, and Bridget Young Reynolds, of the same 
place, do solemnly and sincerely declare that we were inti. 
mately acquainted with the late George Nugent Reynolds ; 
that we have read the declaration of Mrs, M'Namara upon 
the subject of the authorship of the * Exile of Erin,' and 
that we believe it to be in every respect correct and true-^ 
tliat the late George Nugent Reynolds was in our house at 
the time when he composed that song, according to his own 
declaration made to us at the time, and which declaration 
we believe to be true : that to the best of our recollection 
this took place sometime in the year 1799, but that we ase 
certain it took place more than a year prior to the last time 
we saw him, which was in the year 1801 ; that Georg<e 
Nugent Reynolds assured us that he composed the song^. 



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and from a knowledge of his character and feelings we are 
confident that he was incapable of stating a wmul false- 
hood — that we were fully convinced at the time that the 
song was his composition, and that we have not at present 
the most remote doubt upon the subject, but we are confix 
dent that the late George Nugent Reynolds was the author 
of the song in question. 



" B. Y, Rbynoldb. 
" B, T. Bbynolds. 



' Declared before me, Ac, 



" Thomas P- Kbllt, 

"Divisional Justice, Dublin.'* 

I am well aware that the elder sister of George Nugent 
Keynolds, Mary, the wife of Captain Richard M'Namara, 
never lost sight of her brother's claim to the authorship of 
the " Exile of Erin" from the time she first saw it published 
in Campbeirs poems up to the time of the Doctor's death, 
and that she left nothing undone that might establish it. 
She very justly accused Campbell of pirating the song ; but 
she was in error in stating that he abstracted it from the 
papers of the Marquis of Buckingham, as shall hereafter 
appear. 

As soon as it became known in Ireland that the ^' Exile 
of Erin" had appeared in the '• Poems of Campbell,'' and 
that that distinguished writer had published it as his own 
composition, James William OTallon, Esq., Barrister-at- 
Law, published a letter in several of the leading journals of 
the day, ascribing the authorship to George Nugent 
Reynolds, and expressing great surprise that Mr. Campbell 
should claim the song as his production. In 1 830 Hercules 
Ellis, Esq., the indefatigable and justice-loving upholder of 
the claims of Reynolds; published several excellent articles 
in the A^e newspaper denying the right of Campbell to the 
authorship. Those articles, together with a detailed accoui^t 
of the composition of the song, ftimished by Mrs. M'Namara 
to the Sliffo Observer, seemed to injure the claim of Camp- 
bell in the circle of his most ardent admirers, and to datnp 
the ardour of his warmest supporters; and the learned 
doctor found it necessary to answer the charge of literary 
piracy preferred against him, and this he did in tlie follow^ 
mg letter which he published in the Times of the 17th 
June, 1830:— 



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" June 16th, 1830. 
'' Middle ScotlaDd Yard, Whitehall 

" Sir — I am obliged to you for discrediting a silly para- 
graph from the Sliffo Observer, which is quoted in your 
paper of to-day. It chafes me with having abstracted the 
MS. of the " Exile of Erin" from the papers of the late 
Duke (you call him Marquis) of Buckingham. If my cha- 
racter did not repel this calumny, I could refute it by the 
fact that I never in my life had access to the papers of 
either a Duke or Marquis of Buckingham. I wrote the 
flong of the ' Exile of Erin' at Altona, and sent it off imme- 
diately from thence to London, where it was published by 
my friend, Mr. Perry, in the Morning Chronicle. With 
the evidence of my being the author of this little piece, I 
shall not trouble the world at present ; only if my IrisH 
accusers have any proof that George Nugent Reynolds, 
Esq., ever affected to have written the song, they will con- 
sult the credit of his memory by not blazoning the anecdote ; 
for if he asserted that the piece was his own he assuredly 
told an untruth. I am inclined to believe, however, that 
the Sligo Observer's proffered witnesses are not pre- 
eminently blessed with ffood memories, for tlley offer to 
testify that they heard Mr. Reynolds for years before his 
death, and prior to my publication of the song, repeat and 
fiing it as his own. If the matter comes to a proof I shall 
be able to prove that this is an utter impossibility, for I 
had scarcely composed the song when it was everywhere 
printed with my name ; and it is inconceivable that Mr. 
Reynolds could have had credit for years ampng his friends 
for a piece which those friends must have seen publicly claimed 
by myself. But the whole charge is so absurd that I 
scarcely think that the Sligo Observer and his witnesses 
will renew it. If they do so they will only expose their 
folly. " Your obedient servant, 

" T, Oampbbll. 

* " To the Editor of the Times.'' 

The following is the "silly" paragraph in the Observer 
alluded to by Mr. Campbell, in his letter to \hQ Times. 
The number of the Observer from which it is copied bears 
date June Srd, 1830 :— 

" We are requested by a literary friend to draw the at- 
tention of the public to the following facts — the heart- 



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tfarilling verses beginning, ' There came from the beach a 
poor Exile of Erin/ and published by Mr. Campbell 
amongst his ' fugitive pieces/ were not written by himself. 
They are the production of the late George Nugent Eey- 
nolds, Esq., of Letterfine, in the county of Leitrim, who^ 
at the time of his death in England, left them with other 
manuscript poems to the custody of his friend and relative, 
the late Duke of Buckingham. Mr. Campbell, it seems, had 
access to the Duke's papers, and not apprehending detection, 
surreptitiously possessed himself of the * Exile of Erin.' 
Our mend desires us to say, that in the event of Mr. Camp- 
bell's contradicting this statement, he will produce several 
living witnesses to prove that Mr. Reynolds had shown to 
and sung for them as his own composition, the identical 
lines several years prior to his death, and prior to Mr. Camp- 
bells publication of them I Indeed to even a cursory 
reader of Mr. Campbell's poetry, it must be quite apparent 
that the * Exile of Erin' does not at all accord either with 
his style of writing or with the current of his thoughts. 
We are extremly happy to have it in our power to pluck 
this borrowed wreath, all melancholy as it is, from the brow 
of the assailant of the character of the noble dead, and of 
his not less celebrated biographer, Moore." 

The Editor of the Observer was in error in supposing 
that Mr. Campbell abstracted the song of the *' Exile of 
Erin" from Mr. Reynolds' papers in the Duke of Bucking- 
ham's library at Stowe. No such papers were left with 
his Grace. The song was taken from the Mornina Chronicle 
newspaper by Mr. Campbell, as shall hereafter be shown. 

Immediately after the publication of Mr. Campbell's 
defence in the Times, the following article appeared in the 
Observer ; the number from whicn it is copied bears date 
15th July, 1830. 

" Mr. Campbbll the Poet. — We shall do this gentle- 
man just as much justice as he has done himself. Our 
readers will recollect that at the request of a literary friend, 
^sve, in the Observer of the 3rd ult., claimed the * Exile of 
Erin' for the late George Nugent Reynolds, Esq., and 
charged Mr. Campbell with having pirated that charming 
song. The following is Mr. Campbell's defence, addressed 
to the Editor of the Times (vide supra)* Mr. Campbell is 
obliged to the Editor of the TiTnestor discrediting ourstate- 
xnent, and here are the discrediting reasons of the Ihnes :•— 
* We can hardly believe this (the Observer's) story. The 
8 



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114 

late Marquis (not Duke) of Buckingham would no doubt 
have taken better care of his relative's manuscripts^ nor is 
Mr, Campbell a man to steal except poetically. As to Mr. 
Eeynolds* having recited the verses, we attach no importance 
to that fact; we know several instances where verses 
written by one man have been repeated and claimed by 
others, — ay, even in the presence of the author/ Now, 
considering that the editor of the TiTnea, as he himself 
doubtless considers, is at the head of one of the first, if not 
tiie very first of the newspapers of the world, or to employ 
one of Mr, Campbell's most magnificent metaphors, that 
he is a giant who * looks from his throne of clouds o'er half 
the world' — considering all this no great share of com- 
mensurate taste for good sense, for literature, or even for 
grammar, is evinced in the above pithy scrap of incredu- 
lous criticism. ' Several instances where J !' Oh ye West- 
minster Reviewers, when you again, in the exercise of your 
calling, notice the press of the United Kingdom, pray look 
to the magnates of your own neighbourhood, and should 
you think of poor Connaught at all, say something more 
civil of it than that * it is the most backward in literature' — 
* Nor is*Mr. Campbell a man to steal except poetically.' — 
We did not charge Mr. Campbell with possessing himself of 
the MS. merely for the value of the paper. The Times 
confesses that he is a man to ' steal poetically ;' that is all 
we require, and we make the Times a present of the dis- 
tinction. But notwithstanding this confession, the editor 
of the Times goes on to say, that he attaches no importance 
to the fact of Mr. Reynolds having recited the verses, be- 
cause he (the editor) ' knows instances where the verses 
written by one man have been repeated and claimed by 
others, ay, even in the presence of the author.' There is, 
no doubt, truth enough in this. There is abundance of 
bare-faced impudence in the world, and in no part of it is 
there more of this valuable commodity than in that which 
is under the immediate surveillance of the Hmes. But the 
cases are not strictly apposite, for we stated that it could 
be proved that Mr. Reynolds had repeated and sung the 
song several years prior to Mr. Campbell's publication of 
it. The limes left this part of our paragraph wholly out of 
view while illustrating the case supposed (or Mr. Camp- 
bell, So much for the poet's precursor in the defence, and 
now for the poet himself. It is very far from our wish to 
be instrumental in bringing down the ' Bard of Hope' from 



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hid ' eyrj fiime' as the SliffO Journal calls it ; for thouffh 
oar bow is bent^ we shall only aim at the single emerdd 
plume with which he has decorated himself. We shall not, 
therefore, take this Lamner Gyer of the Andes from the 
clouds, but merely hit off this plume as dexterously as we 
can, and then let him soar away. 

*^ Making all due allowances for the genius yeritable 
and for the necessary incivility of the words * silly ' and 
* calumny/ we pass at once to Mr. Campbell's first posi- 
tion, his character. He, of course, means by character, an 
exemption &om any former plagiarism, and necessarily from 
detection. With nis other transgressions, if he did trans- 
gress — and we have heard that he did — we have at present 
nothinff to do ; we have now only onesubject in view, and 
we shall not turn aside for the consideration of any other. 

'' 'Tis likely enough that Mr. Campbell may not have 
had access to the papers of ' a Duke or Marquis of Bucking- 
ham ;' we did not state positively, that Mr. Campbell h^ 
access to the Marquis' papers, but it was suggested to us, 
that Mr. Reynolds had very little intercourse in England 
with any other than the Marquis' family and the immedi- 
ate circle of his friends, and we conjectured the seeming 
probability of Mr. Campbell having got access to his pa- 
pers. In this conjecture it appears we were wrong, and we 
regret having adopted it. But no matter how Mr. Campbell 
got possession of the copy of the song, to deny having ab- 
stracted the MS. irom the Marquis' papers is a poor vindica- 
tion from the charge of plagiarism. 

" We now come to Mr. Campbell's third position, and 
indeed it is the only one that bears the semblance of argu- 
ment. ' I had scarcely composed the song when it was 
every where printed in my name, and it is inconceivable 
that Mr. Eeynolds could have credit for years among his 
friends for a piece which those friends must have seen pub- 
licly claimed by myself/ It is not at all inconceivable that 
Mr. Reynolds could have credit for years among his friends 
for the piece. The only thing inconceivable in the matter 
is, that they did not publicly expose Mr. Campbell long ago ! 
Of this we are, however, certain, namely, that they have 
privately repudiated, that they still repudiate Mr. Camp- 
bell's pretensions, and that it was with their concurrence, 
and at the request of a literary friend, we claimed its res<- 
toration to the fame of the rightful owner. 

** We find another song written to the same air {Savour- 



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116 

Heen Deelish ;) and on the same subject One is manifestly 
a sequel to the other — the pirated * Exile/ which is the 
later written ; and it was obviously intended as an effort of 
a second. They are too nearly akin to admit of a doubt of 
their having emanated from the same source of deep pa- 
thetic and observant feeling. The date of the manuscript 
book coincides in a remarkable degree with the date assigned 
by a correspondent of the Age. .We feel deeply indebted to 
the Editor of that paper, for his manly conduct in contribut- 
ing to undeceive the public with regard to Mr. Campbell's 
pretensions. 

" Although we feel it is unnecessary to add one word to 
the foregoing, (the article of the Age) still we cannot refrain 
from ofiering a few remarks on the internal evidence which 
the ' Exile of Erin' furnishes that it was never written by 
Mr. Campbell. In referring to such of his poems and 
songs as are within our reach, though we found in them 
much to admire, we could not hit upon a single sentiment 
that bore the slightest kindred to the sentiments of the 
* Exile.' — Mr. Campbell's effusions are highly fanciful and 
often romantic ; the ' Exile' is descriptive of pathetic re- 
ality. Mr. Campbell leads his readers in a thousand 
devious ways ; taking care, however, to amuse and some- 
times to delight them ; the ^ Exile* is fixed to one desolate 
spot ; his woes are human and natural, and at once seize 
upon human sympathy. Mr. Campbell's descriptions are 
varied and complex ; the ' Exile' is a single simple picture, 
seen at a glance and comprehended as soon as seen. On 
the other hand, Mr. Eeynolds, as everybody knows, was a 
pure patriot in the worst of times, accustomed to witness 
and ponder upon such scenes as are described in the 'Exile/ 
No man will question Mr. Beynolds' genius. The 'Exile' 
is the natural effusion of such a mind as his. Mr. Camp- 
bell was not, we believe, an interested patriot; at least 
there are neither deeds nor writings of ms on record, of 
which we are aware, to show that he felt interested. He 
knew nothing, comparatively speaking, of Ireland's wronffs, 
or of Ireland's exiles. Not so Mr. Reynolds, — all me 
powers of his mind were ardently directed to the removal 
of her wrongs, and to the amelioration of the condition of 
many whom he knew to be exiles for what was then crimi- 
nal, out is not now— the honest profession of the religion 
of their choice. To affirm, then, that Mr. Campbell was 
more likely to have written the ' Exile' than Mr. ileynolds, 
would be to place art above nature." 



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On the 8th of July, 1830, Mr. Staunton, editor of the 
Weekly Begister, published in that paper an article in 
defence of Campbell, and on the 15th of the same month, 
i.e., the Saturday following, the annexed paper appeared 
in the Sligo Observer : — 

" Mr. Campbell and Qborgb Nugbnt Rbynoldb. — 
It will be seen by the following facts, as well as those which 
we have already laid before tne public, that we ventured 
upon a statement originally made upon no slight grounds; 
we had well considered the high reputation of Mr. Camp- 
bell. We know how slow the public would be in giving 
credit to such a charge as was preferred ; and in giving 
publicity to it we were swayed only by force of testimony 
which we thought as reasonable or impartial as man could 
get. 

«' With every generous Irishman we were ready hereto- 
fore to tender to Mr. Campbell the meed of our gratitude. 
We deemed him the author of that admirable little piece, 
to every word of which the Irish heart had beat responsive. 
There was in it certainly a deep pathos and just feeling 
which often made us wonder how a stranger could be its 
author, but we believed him a generous spirit who could 
make our woes his own. We gave him credit for feelings 
which belong to the high-minded and virtuous of whatever 
creed or country. He was besides, we know, the descendant 
of one of those chivalrous Scottish tribes* who, despite of 

* Thomas CampbeU was born at Glasgow on the 27th of July, 1777. 
The family from which he descended d^yed their surname from Cath- 
mhaol, chief of the Cinel Feradaigh, and prince of Tir Eoghan, in Ireland, 
some of whose descendants removed into Argyleshire and founded the 
house of CampbeU in that country. This Cathmhaol was the son of 

Donogh, son of Fiachna, son of 

Canan, son of Feradoig, son of 

Congamhna, son of Murray, son of 

Donogh, son of Eoghan, son of 

Endaluighy son of Nial of the 9 Hostage8,monarch of Ireland. 

Thomas CampbeU entered Glasgow CoU^;e in 1789, and left it in 1796 
loaded with academical prizes. In April, 1799, he published *'The 
Pleasures of Hope," and from the profits arising from the sale of this im- 
mortal poem he was enabled to make a tour of Germany in 1800, the 
year in which the battle of Hohenlinden was fought between the French 
and Austrian armies, on which memorable event he wrote his well known 
lyric of ' ' Hohenlinden.** It was during his stay at Altona that CampbeU 
became acquainted with Anthony M*Cann (the pseudo exUe of Erin) 
a native of Dundalk, who was expatriated for the active part he took in 
the disturbances which convulsed his native province in 1798. His 
second volume of poems, containing "Gertrude of Wyoming,** *< Hohen* 



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modem syfltem^ must own Erin for their parent country^ 
and we were willing to view his generous sympathy as an 
emanation from that distant source which still pours its 

§enial tide, but little modified by time, throughout the 
cottish character. It will readily be believed that we 
yielded only to the force of what appeared to us conclusive 
evidence, 

" The writer of this often heard among the friends and 
relatives of George Nugent Reynolds, that he was the 
author of the ' E^le,' In order to satisfy his own mind, 
or rather to justify his incredulity, he made inquiry among 
those who were litely to give correct information. From 
the immediate relatives of Mr. Beynolds he received the 
most positive assurance of his having been the author, ac<* 
companiedby corroborative circumstances which, combined, 
formed the strongest presumptive evidence. In the circle 
of his &iends it was never for a moment doubted. He 
declared it to be his ; altered and amended the stanzas ; 
asked the opinion of his friends, and dictated it to some who 
were anxious to procure copies. For the truth of all this> 
the writer appeals to living witnesses, to the sisters and 
well known associates of Mr. Reynolds. 

'* There is no one who knows the distinguished indi- 
viduals to whom he alludes that could for one moment 
suspect their veracity. They are persons of the highest 
integrity and honour. And who will believe that such a 
man as George Nugent Reynolds consented to so gross a 
literary fraud when there were at hand such ready means 
of detection ? 

nnden," ** Lochiel's Warning," "Lord UUin's Daughter," "The Battle 
of the Baltic," " O'Connor's Child," and the disputed "Exile" appeared 
in 1809. Among his other works may be mentioned his " Letters fronoi 
the^South," descriptive of his yisit to Algiers in 1832, which originaUj 
appeared in the " New Monthly Magazine," of which he was editor from 
1820 to 1830; his "Life of Mrs. Siddons," a "Life of Petrarch,'' and 
"Memoirs of Frederick the Great." The University of Glasgow, of 
which he was elected Lord Rector in 1826, 1827, and 1828, conferred 
upon him the degree of LL.D. He settled in London in 1843, but 
finding his literary labors interfering with his health, which was much 
impaired at this time, and his physician, Dr. Beattie, having strongly 
recommended a change to a warmer climate, he retired to Boulogne* 
where, on the 15th of June, 1844, in the 67th year of his age, he closed 
his eyes in death. All that was mortal of this great poet was conveyed 
to England, and laid in the " Poets' Comer" of Westminster Abbey, 
where a monument has been raised to his memory, — this shall crumble 
into dust e'er many a^es issue from the womb of lime, but the lore- 
fraught monumenta raised by his own genius shall wear the weeds of 
youth w^hilst the EngGsh remains a living language. 



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119 

"Bui a fiact remainfl to be added which the writer Uunk^ can ' 
leave no doabt upon the mind of the pnblic. It is vouched for 
by a man of as iiigh character and unsullied honour as any 
in the empire— Thomas Stafford, Esq., of Portobello. This 
gentleman was the near relative of Mr. Reynolds. He was 
a man of taste and education, and enjoyed much of his 
affsction and confidence. At a time that Mr. Reynolds 
laboured under some severe indisposition he was visited by 
Mr. Stafford. He was in the habit of communicating to 
him all his literary secrets, and dictating to him, being 
seldom able or willmg to write himself, copies of his shorter 
compositions. Upon this he told him (Mr. Stafford) that 
he had lately composed a song whose plaintive sweetness 
he thought would please him ; and he immediately recited 
the 'Exue.* In some time after he wrote part of this beau- 
tiful song for Mr. Stafford, at the house of Mr. French, of 
Lodge, tmd being much affected with the asthma, he em« 
ployed Mr. Stafford to add the remaining stanzas. This 
copy which Mr. Stafford thinks has the date annexed, is 
now, and has been some years in the possession of his 
nephew. Sir John Scott Lilue. 

** Five hundred testimonies of equal value from men of 
the first distinction in the counties of Leitrim and Bos- 
common, might be adduced to corroborate this relation. 
This, however, the writer thinks will suflBce as well to justify 
the charge which his Irish accusers have lately put forth 
against Mr. Campbell as to vindicate its well earned laurels 
for departed genius* There is, at aU events, enough to 
show that Mr. Beynolds declared himself the aathor of the 
'Exile.' 

*' Whenever Mr. Campbell shall \hmk proper 'to trouble 
the world with the proof of his being the author of this 
little piece' it will not do merely to put his veracity and 
hcmor in competition with l^ose of George Nugent Bey- 
nolds. Mr. Campbell is doubUess an honorable man, but 
all who knew Mr. Beynolds can testify, that in sensitive 
and delicate honor he would not yield to Mr. Campbell'. 
Neither must he (Mr, Campbell) plead his high literary 
reputation. Had it be^ permitted Beynolds' genius to 
expatiate ov^r some wider field and higher theme, or had 
he lived to put a finishing hand to his composition, he would 
have attained a higher station. All the productions of his 
pen which still remain wesre struck off at first heat*— in the 
first kindlings of his imagination ; and so unambitious was 



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lie of literary fame, that be could never be induced to poliab 
or improye them. In vivid fancy^ in brilliant wit, he was 
Mr. Uampbell's superior, and in sarcasm and satire— deep, 
withering, and caustic — he stood unrivalled. He was not 
a man then to strut in borrowed plumage. His friends 
and associates too were among the most enlightened men 
of his time ; they were csL^Sble of duly estimating his 
genius and marking all his peculiarities, so that he could 
not flatter himself that they, when moved to a nicer scrutiny 
by Mr. Campbell's pretensions, would have failed to detect 
him. 

''All this, with other arguments with which we shall not 
at present trouble the public, has led us to the conclusion 
that George Nugent Reynolds was the author of the 'Exile 
of Erin.' 

" So far our correspondent — ^We have something to add for 
the consideration of the respective editors of the Weekly 
Better and the Times. The editor of the former has 
certainly evinced more of a ' reasoning sham* in his para- 
graph of Saturday last, when he first undertook the defence 
of Mr. Campbell, on the ground that he (the editor] had 
the honour of knowing many of the friends and relatives 
of Mr. Reynolds, and that he never heard any of them 
claim ' the Exile' as the production of George N. Reynolds, 
and that therefore the charge against Mr. Campbell was 
absurd. In a letter received from Mrs. M'Namara, after 
having gone to press on the 1st inst., she says in com- 
menting on the above passage : — ' To Mr. Staunton of the 
Register I owe compliments which I never can repay. He 
well knows that when I had the pleasure of conversing with 
him my mind was occupied with other subjects. Except 
a copy of my brother's letter to the Earl of Clare, he never 
got any of his compositions from me/ In another part of 
the same letter Mrs. M'Namara writes, ' I yesterday put 

into Mr. B ^"s hands for you the songs composed by my 

brother and dedicated to me. Two of them you will per- 
ceive are called — the first * Erin Go Bragh' — the other ' The 
Exile,' the latter in many years after published by Mr. 
Campbell, and called by him* The Exile of Erin.* Any 
person must perceive that the ' Exile' is a sequel to ^ Erin 
Go Bragh.' 1 and others can prove that my brother was 
the author, and that it was sung by him, by me, and by 
many other friends, for whom I copied it, years before his 



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121 

death, which took place in ISOSJ/ and not in 1805, as the 
Age has it. He was buried at Stowe. Some friends in 
England got copies of the ' Exile' from him, but it is not 
the fact that he left any manuscripts in the custody of the 
Marquis of Buckingham. I did not know for years that 
Mr. Campbell claimed the ' Exile of Erin' as his own. I 
had not talent to wage war against Mr. Campbell, and if I 
even had, many sorrows and the loss of many friends made 
me have other matters to think of. I was besides satisfied 
that all who knew my brother and the style of his com- 
position, were convinced that he was the author. My 
brother, was a martyr to sickness, suflfered much from 
asthma, and was unable to write ; and he generally passed 
his night in a chair, at which periods when he got some 
ease the sweetest of his songs were composed.' 

*^ This latter fact of Mr. Reynolds being an invalid so 
long before his death in 1802, satisfactorily accounts for his 
not having seen the ' Exile of Erin' as published by Mr. 
Campbell, and consequently not having disputed the author- 
ship with * The Bard of Hope/ 

'' Having found no other date to the manuscript col- 
lection of poems and songs sent us by Mrs. M'Namara 
than that to which our attention was directed by the gentle- 
man who brought them, viz. 1783, we were positively 
wrong in assuming that the * Exile' must have been written 
soon after that period. This has furnished the editors of the 
Times and of the Register, as we imagine, with grounds 

♦ Following the advice of some influential friends Mr. Reynolds in- 
tended to have himself called to the English Bar, for which his forensic 
talents and intellectual acquirements eminently qualified him, and with 
that view he left his native country for England in the Spring of 1801. 
While on his journey to Stowe, with the intention of passing some time 
with his relative, the Duke of Buckingham, he observed a lady travelling 
on the outside of the coach in which he had secured an inside seat for 
himself; she was lightly clothed, apparently in delicate health, and there- 
fore ill prepared for the weather, which was extremely cold, wet, and 
stormy, and Mr. Reynolds, after a vain endeavour to procure an inside 
seat for her, and sooner than allow the lady, though a perfect stranger 
to him, to remain outside, he, with that spirit of chivalry and nobleness 
of mind which always distinguished him, exchanged places with her, 
though suffering from asthma at the time, and continued the journey to 
Stowe in a very unenviable position ; but so much did he sufTor from the 
inclemency of the weather, that when the coach arrived at Stowe he was 
quite exhausted and helpless, and he had to be carried into the hotel and 
put to bed, where he remained until his death, which took place early 
in 1802, after long sufferings, notwithstanding the best medical aid and 
kindest attentions of a wide circle of friends and relatives. His remains 
were interred in the Buckingham cemetery in that neighbourhood. 



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for regarding all thd arguments which we urged on the 
occasion nuu ; as they both profess an enmity to do im- 
partial justice— more particularly the editor of the Times 
— we trust they will not fail to take notice of the following 
letter, addressed to us by Mrs, M'Namara, for the honor- 
iJ^le purpose of correcting the fallacy on which they have 
commented, and of giving Mr. Campbell any advantage 
which he may derive from the knowledge that the ' Exile' 
was written, not in 1783, but early in 1799, years prior to 
his visit to Altona :— 

" ' Louffh Scur, July Zrd, 183b. 

*' • Dbar Sir-— Your defence of my brother in your 
paper of the 1st inst. lies before me. Ton have fallen into 
an error in regard to date. • • ♦ ' Green w«pe the 
fields' was written at the time the first claim for'ihe repeal 
of the Penal Laws was made. It was published under the 
title of the ''Catholic Lamentation," in a paper called the 
Eveninff Star conducted by my brother's friend^ William 
Paulett Carey. Very shortly afterwards (1799), he wrote 
the * Exile' as a sequel. I wish your literary friend, before 
he applied to you had a more particular account from me ; 
but that the ' Exile' can be testified to be my brother's 
composition^ by myself and friends, is beyond (ioubt. 

" ' I remain, &c. 

"*Mary M'Namara.' 

" We wish with all our might that all the parties con- 
cerned had been more particular or definite with date sooner. 
Had they been so, there was an end to the controversy long 
since. Mr. Campbell is now called upon ' to trouble the 
world with his proof ;'— we pledge ourselves to give him 
fair-play." 

In a letter of Mr. Campbell's, dated September 23rd, 
1841, he stated in reply to a friend of Mrs. M'Namara's, 
(Hercules Ellis, Esq., Barrister at Law,) that he composed 
the '' Exile of Erio" at Altona, (in the duchy of Holstein) 
in the beginning of the Spring of 1801; that he at once sent 
it to London to his friend Mr. Perry, and that it was pub- 
lished with his name in the Morning Chronicle and Btar 
newspapers, and though he ascertained from Lord Nugent 
that Mr. Reynolds lived for fourteen months after, he never 
claimed the song as his own, and if he could have done so 



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123 

it is not probable he would be so long silent. Mr. Camp- 
bell adduces tbis as an answer to the claim set up by Mr. 
Reynolds' friends. No doubt it would have been strong 
evidence in his favor if it were true ; but Mr. Campbeu 
forgot there was such a place as the British Museum, where 
copies of all newspapers published in the United Kingdom 
are filed and preserved. I did not, however, forget it. 
Having a card of admission to the library, I searched the 
files of the Morning Chronicle and Star for the years 1800 
and 1801. I found the " Exile of Erin'' published in the 
Morning Chronicle of the 28th of January 1801, but with-- 
out Mr. CamphelVs name, or the name of any author. It 
was not published in the Star, or in any other London 
paper of those years. The following liberal and appropiate 
remarks were given with the song by the editor of the 
Chronicle : — 

" The meeting of the Imperial Parliament, we trust, 
will be distinguished by acts of mercy. The following 
most interesting and pathetic song, it is to be hoped wiS 
induce them to extend their benevolence to those unfortun- 
ate men whom delusion and error have doomed to exile, 
but who sigh for a return to their native home." 

Mr. Campbell was then a constant contributor to the 
Morning Chronicle, and over fifty of his songs and poems 
appeared in it from time to time during those years, ^ways 
with the words or heading, ''By the Author of the Plea^ 
sures of Hope;" but there were no such words or heading 
to the " Exile" in the Chronicle, nor any indication what- 
ever as to its author. In fact the song was publishisd anony- 
mously. This I think is quite a sufficient reply to Mr. 
Campbeirs comment on Mr. Reynolds' silence* It was 
besides well known that Eeynolds was not a person to 
blazon his own fame, but rather shrunk from publicity; 
and what more could he require than the feeling and liberal 
remarks of the editor, which he must have well known 
would have more weight and effect with the public, than 
the name of any author. In my opinion the song was 
thrown into the editor's box, by some friend of Mr. Rey- 
nolds' who had a copy of it, and that Mr. Perry did not 
really know the author, but published it for its merits, and 
wit^ the benevolent intention of serving the cause of the 
poor Irish exiles. Had he known it to have been written 
by Mr. Campbell, for whom he entertained a great regard, 
I have no doubt but he would have published it with his 



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124 

name, or with the heading ''By the Author of the Pleasures 
o/Eope" It was too remarkable and beautiful a composition 
to published anonymously, had the name of the author 
been known. Mr. Perry was then the well known editor 
and proprietor of the Morning Chronicle. He must have 
known under what circumstances the song came into his 
possession, and could easily have set at rest all dispute re- 
garding the authorship of the song. Yet reference was 
not at anytime made to him by Campbell on the subject, 
and I firmly believe that his doing so, would have damaged 
his claim to the composition. 

It may be asked if Campbell did not write the song, 
how he could have procured a copy of it so early as 1801, 
and at such a distance as Altona, particularly at that time, 
when the postal arrangements were so slow and uncertain. 
There can be no difficulty in replying satisfactorily to such 
a question, when it is remembered that it was then a rule,, 
as I believe it is at present, in the offices of respectable 
journals, to send copies of their publications to their con- 
tributors, wherever they were, and I do not suppose that 
BO excellent a contributor as Mr. Campbell was an excep- 
tion to this rule. The Chronicle was accordingly for- 
warded to him. Seeing the '* Exile of Erin" in the impres- 
sion of the 28th January, 1801, he was, no doubt struck 
with its beauty and subject, and it being so very applicable 
to the case of a gentleman named Anthony M'Cann, a 
native of Dundalk, who had been exiled for the part he 
took in the disturbances of eventful '98, and had been 
staying at the same hotel with Campbell, and with whom 
Campbell was on terms of intimacy, he (the Doctor) took 
a copy of the song, taking care to suppress the paper, and 
in a moment of weakness and vanity passed it off on 
M'Cann as his own composition. M'Cann believed him, 
felt highly flattered at the compliment, and grateful for 
what he must have thought Campbell's feeling and sym- 
pathy for him, and the deluded refugee sent a copy of it to 
his friends in Dundalk, enclosed in a letter, dated Friday, 
3rd March, but mentioned no year. The letter, however, 
must have been written in 1801, but M'Cann made a mis- 
take as to the day, as the 3rd of March did not fall on 
Friday in that year. M'Cann stated in his letter that the 
song was composed by a Mr. Campbell, an English gentle- 
man, of peat poetic talent, who was staying at the same 
hotel with himself. He also said they 'were very intimate 



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125 

friends— which I believe they continued to be for life, and 
that he (M'Cann) suggested ** Erin Go Bragh" as the air 
best adapted for it. There could be no mistake about that. 
The last line of the first verse of the song would have sug- 
gested the same to any one who had ever heard the air. It is 
evident Campbell did did not know it, if M 'Cannes state- 
ment be true. This I think is additional proof that, the 
" Bard of Hope" never wrote a single line of the ** Exile" 
except to copy it from the Chronicle. 

A correspondent of the Catholic Telegraph, signing him- 
self " Millites," stated in reply to queries in that paper 
from other correspondents in 1859, regarding the author- 
ship of the " Exile of Erin," that there was then in the 
possession of a sister of M^Gann's, residing at Dundalk, 
the copy of the " Exile of Erin," which he sent from 
Altona when in exile there. I hope she may have the song 
and letter still, and that the old lady is alive and well. 
" MilHtes" on the strength of these documents, very 
naturally believed Mr. Campbell to have been the author 
of the song, and repudiated the claim of Mr. Keynolds or 
any other person to the authorship of it. But he was not 
aware of the imposition practised on M'Cann by Campbell. 
I would have set him right at the time, but I was unfor- 
tunately seized with sudden and severe illness, from the 
effects of which I did not recover for nearly two years, and 
was quite unable for any physical or mental exertion, but 
I now hope, feeble as my pen is, I may be able to do 
some justice to the memory of the gifted and noble-minded 
George Nugent Reynolds, and restore to the much-maligned 
Conacian nome, the high honour of having given birth to 
the author of this '* Queen of Songs." 

In this much admired composition there is internal evi- 
dence, if other evidence were wanting, that it could not 
have been written by Mr. Campbell. It is not in his style 
or language, and if we except the very unequal attempt of 
the " Blind Harper," we have nothing in all his writings 
to compare to it. It could only have been written by an 
Irishman, well acquainted with the customs, habits, and 
manners of the Irish people, sympathising with them, and 
capable of entering into all the depths and phases of the 
Irish heart, its sorrows and its sufferings. Such a man 
was George Nugent Reynolds — a man Irish in heart and 
soul — the friend of the poor and persecuted— the uncom- 
promised foe of tyranny and oppression— a man who could 



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126 

pour a depth of Irish racy feeling into his compositions, 
a&d weave into polished and heart-thrilling yerses the loves 
and the loveliness, the sorrows and the sufferings of the 
much persecuted children of the Green Isle. 

There is a strange and striking identity of thought and 
language between certain passages in the song of " Green 
were the Fields," or the Catholic Lamentation, and others 
in the " Exile of Erin" ; in the Catholic Lamentation the 
following line occurs eleven times :— 

Erin mavonmeen, slan leat go bragh ; 
and the concluding line of the same song is — 
Baadh leat mayonmeeD, Erin go bragh. 

Now the last line of the *' Eidle of Erin" is— 
Erin mavoumeen, Erin go bragh — 

a line to which the mind of Campbell never could give 
birth ; and one which evidently owes its parentage to the 
author of " Green were the fields," 

Again, the Irish exile in the second verse of the song of 
" Green were the Fields," is forced to fly from the home of 
his childhood, and the oppressor of his race flings the blazing 
brand at the sapless reeds which shelter from the winds of 
heaven the hoary hairs and helpless years huddled together 
in this miserable abode, and the broken-hearted refugee 
from a neighbouring height casts a tearful glance at his 
natal spot, now breathing smoke and flame, and gives vent 
to his feelings in these lines — 

" Though the laws I obeyed, no protection I fouDd, ; 

Erin mavonmeen, slan leat go bragh I 
With what grief I beheld my cot burned to the ground, ; 

Erin mavoameen, slan leat go bragh ! 
Forced from mj home — yea from where I was bom — 
To range the wild world — poor, helpless, forlorn ; 
I look back with regret, and my heart strings are torn ; 

Erin mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh ! 

Who will not say that the above is the cot or cabin for the 
loss of which the "Exile of Erin" sorrows in these touching 
lines — 

Wliere is my c(Mn door fast by the toild woodf 
Sisters and sire^ did you weep for its fall ? 

And again, the song of the Catholic Lamentation com- 
mences thus : — 

Oremwere the fields where my forefathers dwelt, ; 



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127 

and in the last verse of the ** Exile of Erin occurs the fol- 
lowing line : — 

Green he thyfidds^ sweetest isle of the ocean. 

Alter such remarkable coincidences of ideaand expression, 
who will venture to say that the songs from which^theee 
passages are extracted did not emanate from thej same 
source? 

A few of the songs of Bejnolds are now, for the first time, 
published collectively, and the public may judge for them- 
selves of his poetical talent, and whether he was the coarse 
unpolished writer described by Charles Gkivan Duffy. 

As a poet Eeynolds was Duffy's superior, and his equal 
in talent and patriotism. Had Messrs. Duffy, Barry, 
and Lover, taken less pains to ignore Mr. BeynoW 
claim to the authorship of the ** Exile of Erin/' and uphold 
that of Campbell, they would have done themselves more 
credit, and but common Justice to their talented and 
patriotic countryman; and that beautiful lyric — the effusion 
of his muse, would have held its proper place — first amongst 
the ballad poetry of Ireland, from which they have so un- 
fairly omitted it on the bare assertion of Campbell that it 
was his own composition. I regret these gentleman have 
done themselves such injustice, as I admire their talents ; 
and cherish a hope that they may yet retrace their steps, 
and give the song its proper place in their respective col- 
lections of the beautiful ballads of their native country, 
should they publish fresh editions. 

The public, after a perusal of the acknowledged compo- 
sitions of the bard of Letterfine, will readily believe that he 
was qualified to produce the disputed song, the hasty asser- 
tions and injudicious opinions of Charles Gavan Duffy, 
Michael Joseph Barry, and Samuel Lover, to the contrary 
notwithstanding, and resentingly repudiate the dishonest 
claim made by Thomas Campbell to the authorship. 

It is very strange indeed that the gentlemen above- 
named could not bring themselves to believe that a man 
of Campbell's position, talent, and character could be 
guilty of literary piracy ; they are of opinion that he was 
a man of probity and truth, and they judge him guiltless of 
Uie fraud wherewith he is charged by the friend of Eey- 
nolds, in the face of sworn evidence and other convincing 
testimonies. But these upholders of Campbell's unjust 
claim should recollect that the History of Ancient and 



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128 

Modem Literature fornishes many parallel cases. In the 
plays of Ennius, the father of Koman song, very few 
original passages are to be met with; Virgil's famous 
distich, Noctepluit tola ^c, which he placed in the dead 
of night on the gates of the palace of Au^stus, was claimed 
by tne poet Bathyllus ; the talented Coleridge gave his 
spirited translations from the German to the world as 
originals ; who has not heard of the impositions of the un* 
fortunate Chatterton ? and the Kev. Mn M'Kelvie, of 
Balgedie, has satisfactorily proved that the '^ Ode to the 
Cuckoo" and several of the paraphrases published by the 
fraudulent Logan as his own, were the compositions of 
Michael Bruce. 

It is worthy of remark, that a great number of the Irish 
people, some of whom had never heard of Reynolds' claim 
to the authorship of the " Exile of Erin," have often ex- 
pressed their surprise, that a stranger to the habits, customs, 
character, and dispositions of the Irish people, as Dr.Camp- 
bell undoubtedly was, could produce this universally admired 
composition, in which such a consummate knowledge of 
Iberno-Celtic feelingandpatriotism is displayed. The "Exile 
of Erin" is too racy of the Irish soil to ascribe its authorship 
to an Englishman or Scotchman ; and indeed, the learned 
Doctor must have been gifted with a very little share of the 
canniness peculiar to his countrymen, when he laid claim 
to the composition of such a song. He was a perfect stran- 
ger to the feelings of the Irish peasant whose sufferings in 
a foreign land this little lyric was intended to pourtray— 
his sufferings far removed from his loved and lovely Leitrim; 
far from the friends of his bosom, with whom in the fresh- 
ness of early youth he urged the tiresome chase, and with 
whom in ripened manhood he flew to arms in the fond hope 
of freeing his own dear land from the oppressor's grasp ; 
far from his anxious father's ever watchful eye — from his 
mother's looks of joy and affection— from the kind atten- 
tions of a fond and gentle sister— and from a brother's ever 
ready helping hand— far from his ruined home at Sliabh* 
an-Jaran's base, and far from the grey walls of old Kiltubrid, 
the last resting-place of his fathers. 

Thomas Campbell attached the honourable insignia of 
LL.D. to his name, and holds a distinguished place on the 
list of men of letters. He was a poet of world-wide cele- 
brity, and the well known author of the " Pleasures of 
Hope/' "Gertrude of Wyoming," and " Hohenlinden,'^ 



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129 

ifhicb as well as his other poetical compositions command 
a deserved popularity, and are read with equal delight by 
the Highlander, in ms home among the mountains, by the 
Sassenach, along the banks of Trent, and by the Celt, in 
the dells of Eerry-Luachra; and it is to be deeply regretted 
that this great poet should tarnish his brilliant career by 
publishing as his own, the effusions of a stranger's muse, 
and then wage a wordy war with the representatives of the 
rightful claimant, in the hope of establishing his title and 
purifying his sullied fame. But his fallacious arguments 
and his washy assertions have been ignored by a large ma- 
jority of the Irish people, who may now break through the 
halo which circles his shining crown, and tear therefrom the 
precious gem which he shamelessly plucked from the last 
chieftain of Muinter Eolus — the noble-minded, the vera^ 
cious, and the patriotic George Nugent Beynolds -^ a man 
who possessed 

*^ A mind with nsefnl knowledge stored, 

In troth and virtue strong ; 
With Biniles of love upon his cheek, i 

And lips that knew not how to speak 

A falsehood or a wrong." 



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ISO 
BEYNOLDS' SONGS, POEMS, Ac. 



GRBBN WERB THB ITIBLDS. 

Green were the fields where my forefathers dwelt, ; 

Jl^rin Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh I 
^ ?^^ /arm was smaU yet comforts we felt, : 

ILvm Mavourneen, slan leat go bragh ! 
At length canie the day when our lease did expire, 
p * T? ^^S^^ ^ ^^^^ ^J^«^® ^fore Kved my sire, 

w . ' 7^^-a-day, I was forced to retire ; 

Jinn Mavourneen, slan leat go bragh I 

Though the laws I obeyed, no protection I found, : 

Jlinn Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh ! 
With what grief I beheld my cot burned to the ground, 

Jton Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh ! 
forced from my home— yea from where I was bom— 
io ranffe the wide world-poor, helpless, forlorn : 
1 look back with regret, and my heart-strings are torn; 

iton Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh ! 

WWi principles pure, patriotic, and firm, 

Erin Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh ! 
To my country attached and a friend to reform 

Erin Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh f 
I supported old Ireland,— was ready to die for it ; 
If her foes e'er prevailed I was well known to sigh for it ; 
But my faith I preserved, and am now forced to fly for it • 

Erin Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh I 

But hark I I hear sounds, and my heart is strong beating, 

Erin Mavoumeen, slan leat go bragh ! 
Loud cries for redress and avaunt on retreating ; 

Erin Mavourneen, slan I^at go bragh ! 
We have numbers, — and numbers do constitute power, 
Let us will to be free, and we're free from that hour ; 
Of Hibemia's brave sons, oh, we feel we're the flower, 

Baadh leat Mavoumeen, Erin go Bragh I 



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131 
THE EXILE OF ERIN. 

There came to the beach a poor exile of Eriiii 

The dew on his raiment was heavy and chUl ; 
For his country he sighed, when at twilight repairing 

To wander alone by the wind-beaten hul. 
Bat the day-star attracted his eye's sad devotion, 
For it rose o'er his own native isle of the ocean, 
Where oft in the fire of his yonthfal emotion 
He sang the bold anthem of Urin go Bragh. 

Oh, sad is my fate, said the heart-broken stranger, 

The wild deer and wolf to a covert can flee ; 
But I have no refuge from famine and danger, 

A home and a country remain not to me. 
Ah I never again in the green sunny bowers 
Where my forefathers lived, shall I spend the sweet hours. 
Or cover my harp with the wild woven flowers, 
And strike to the numbers of Erin go Bragh. 

Erin, my country, though sad and forsaken, 

In dreams I revisit thy sea-beaten shore. 
But alas ! in a far foreign land I awaken. 

And sigh for the friends that can meet me no more. 
Ah I cruel fate, wilt thou never replace me 
In a mansion of bliss where no perils can chase me ? 
Ah ! never again shall my brothers embrace me — 

They died to defend me, or live to deplore. 

Where is my cabin-door fast by the wild-wood ? 

Sisters and sire, did you weep for its fall ? 
Where is the mother that looked on my childhood ? 

And where is the bosom friend, dearer than all ? 
Oh, my sad heart, lon^ abandoned by pleasure. 
Why did it doat on a fast-fading treasure ? 
Tears like the rain-drop may fall without measure. 

But rapture and beauty they cannot recall 1 

Tet, all its sad recollections suppressing, 

One dying wish my lone bosom can draw — 
Erin, an exile bequeaths thee his blessing, 
Land of my forefathers, Erin go Bragh. 
Buried and cold, when my heart stills its motion. 
Green be thy fields, sweetest isle of the ocean. 
And thy harp-striking bards sing aloud with devotion, 
Erin Mavourneenj Erin go Bragh ! 



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KATHLEEN O'MORB. 

My Iov6| still I think that I see her once morei 
But, alas^ she has left me her loss to deplore-<- 
My own little Kathleen, my poor little ELathle^n, 
My Kathleen O^Morel 

Her hair glossy blacky her eyes were dark blue ; 
Her colour stiu changing — ^her smiles ever new-^ 
So pretty was Kathleen, my sweet UtUe Kathleen, 
My Kathleen O'More I 

She milked the dun cow that ne'er offered to stir ; 
Though wicked to all, it was gentle to her — 
So kind was my Kathleen, my poor little Kathleen, 
My Kathleen O'More ! 



She sat by the door one cold afternoon, 
To hear the wind blow and to gaze on the moon* 
So pensive was Kathleen, my poor little Kathleen, 
My Kathleen O'More ! 

Cold was the night breeze that sighed round her bower, 
It chilled my poor Kathleen, she drooped &om that hour, 
And I lost my poor Kathleen, my own little Kathleen, 
My Kathleen O'More I 



The bird of all birds that I love the best, 
Is the robin that in the churchyard builds his nest, 
For he seems to watch*Kathleen,hop8 lightly o'er Kathleen, 
My Kathleen O'More ! 



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188 
THE EMIGBAWT. 

The bark bounded swift o^er the blue swelling ocean 
^ The emigrant sighed as he gazed on the shore ; 
And farewell I — ^he faltered with patriot emotion, 

Erin my country, farewell eyermore I 
But still through thy green Tales my ffmcy shall wander, 
Where limpid and whispering streamlets meander. 
And Nature^ enthroned in Imperial grandeur 

Distributes her gifts from an infinite store* 

Oh, land of my forefathers, sea-girded Erin I 

My heart throbs aloud as thv hills disappear. 
Fatuity ! Oh, thou wast dreadful and daring 

To usher me thus on a pathless career. 
But, oh, 'tis too late now my loss to recover,-— 
The land-breezes swelling, the spray dashing oyer, — 
And green-bosom'd Erin, I scarcely .discover ; 
like blue wreathy vapours her mountains appear* 

An exile, I fly to the banks of Ohio, 

Where gloomy dark deserts bewilder the way ,- 
Where no tuneful Orpheus or 6oft-voic§d Thalia 

Enlivens the heart with a soul-telling lay ; 
Where fell snakes are hissing and dire monsters screaming, 
Where death-pregnant lightnings are dreadfully gleaming. 
And direful contagion destruction proclaiming, 
Infest every vale and embitter each day. 

And oh, how contrasted with dear native Erin, 

Whose rich herbage landscapes I tearfully leave. 
Whose heath-crested hills are salubrious and cheering, 

Whose daughters are peerless, whose sons true and brave. 
The dismal tornado ne'er prostrates her towers. 
No grim-f5ponted monster her children devours. 
Nor breezes malignant shed death through her bowers. 
All fanned by the soft^ whistling gales of the wave. 

Ah man ! thou art fretful, eontentl^s, and wavering ; 

Thy bleasinff s are countless ; but thou mean mi vile ; 
The hand of Jibovah extended and &voring 

Peculiarly visits the Emerald Isle. 
Tet outcast of Nature, how blind to true pleasure,. 
Thou bart'rest enjoyment for base sordid treasure, 
And home thou forsakest, though dear beyond measure, 

Where friendship and freedom in harmony smile. 



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THE EXILED IRISHMAN'S FAREWELL. 

Farewell, and for ever, my loVd isle of Borrow, 
Thy green vales and mountains delight me no more ; 

Mybark's on the wave, and the noon of to-morrow 
Will see the poor exile far, far, from thy shore. 

Again, my lov'd home, I may never behold thee ; 

Thy hope was a meteor— thy glory a dream ; 
Accurst be the dastards, the slaves that have sold thee> 

And doomed thee, lost Erin, to bondage and shame. 

The senseless, the cold, from remembrance may wean them, 
Through the world they unlov'd and unloving may roam; 

But the heart of the patriot — though seas roll between them — 
Forgets not the smiles of his once happy home. 

Time may roll o'er me its circles uncheerinff, 
Columbia's proud forests around me shall wave; 

But the erile snail never forget thee, lov'd Erin, 
Till unmoum'd he sleeps in a far, foreign grave. 



MARY LE MORE. 



As I strayed o'er the common on Cork's rugged border, 
"While the dew-drops of mom the sweet primrose array 'd, 

I saw a poor maiden whose mental disorder 
Her quick glancing eye and wild aspect betray'd : 

On the sward she reclin'd, by the green fern surrounded ; 

At her side speckled daisies and wild flowers abounded ; 

To its utmost recesses her heart had been wounded ; 
Her sighs were unceasing — 'Twas Mary le More. 

Her charms by the keen blasts of sorrow were faded. 
Yet the soft tinge of beauty still played on her cheek ; 

Her tresses a wreath of pale primroses braided. 
And strings of fresh daisies hung loose on her neck. 

While with pity I gazed, she exclaimed — '* Oh, my mother ! 

See the blood on that lash — 'tis the blood of my brother; 

They have torn his poor flesh, and they now strip another ! 
'Tis Connor, the friend of poor Mary le More. 



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*' Though bis locks were as white as the foam of the ocean, 
Those wretches shall find that my father is brave ; 

My father !" she cried with the wildest emotion, 
" Ah ! no ; my poor father now sleeps in his grave. 

They have toll'd flie death-bell— they have laid the turf 
o'er him ; 

His white locks were bloody — no aid to restore him — 

He is gone, he is gone, and the good will deplore him. 
When the blue waves of Erin hide Mary le More." 

A lark, from the gold-blossom'd furze that grew near her, 

Now rose, and with energy caroll'd his lay ; 
"Hush ! hush !" she exclaimed, "the trumpet sounds clearer. 

The horsemen approach — Erin's daughter, away! 

Ah ! soldiers, 'twas foul, while the cabin was burning. 

And o'er a pale father a wretch had been mourning — 

Go, hide with the sea-mew, ye maidens take warning; 

Those ruffians have ruined poor Mary le More. 

'* Away I bring the ointment — God, see the gashes! 

Alas ! my poor brother ; come dry the big tear ; 
Anon, we'lf have vengeance for these dreadml lashes. 

Already the screech-owl and raven appear. 
By day the green grave that lies under the willow 
With wild flowers I'll strew, and by niffht make my pillow 
'Till the ooze and dark seaweed beneath the cold bulow 

Shall furnish a death-bed for Mary le More." 

Thus raved the poor maiden, in tones more heart-rending 
Than sanity's voice ever poured on mine ear ; 

Whenlo I on the waste, and their march tow'rds her bending, 
A troop of fierce cavalry chanced to appear. 

" Oh, ye fiends !" she exclaimed, and with wild horror started, 

Then through the tall fern loudly screaming she darted ; 

With overcharged bosom I slowly departed, 
And sighed for the wrongs of poor Mary le More. 



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DUBLIN: 
79, HiurU)or<mgh-ttr«ft. 



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3 2044 050 534 718 




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